Emma R Allanson
Full Text Available Abstract Problem Suboptimal care contributes to perinatal mortality rates. Quality-of-care audits can be used to identify and change suboptimal care, but it is not known if such audits have reduced perinatal mortality in South Africa. Approach We investigated perinatal mortality trends in health facilities that had completed at least five years of quality-of-care audits. In a subset of facilities that began audits from 2006, we analysed modifiable factors that may have contributed to perinatal deaths. Local setting Since the 1990s, the perinatal problem identification programme has performed quality-of-care audits in South Africa to record perinatal deaths, identify modifiable factors and motivate change. Relevant changes Five years of continuous audits were available for 163 facilities. Perinatal mortality rates decreased in 48 facilities (29% and increased in 52 (32%. Among the subset of facilities that began audits in 2006, there was a decrease in perinatal mortality of 30% (16/54 but an increase in 35% (19/54. Facilities with increasing perinatal mortality were more likely to identify the following contributing factors: patient delay in seeking help when a baby was ill (odds ratio, OR: 4.67; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.99-10.97; lack of use of antenatal steroids (OR: 9.57; 95% CI: 2.97-30.81; lack of nursing personnel (OR: 2.67; 95% CI: 1.34-5.33; fetal distress not detected antepartum when the fetus is monitored (OR: 2.92; 95% CI: 1.47-5.8 and poor progress in labour with incorrect interpretation of the partogram (OR: 2.77; 95% CI: 1.43-5.34. Lessons learnt Quality-of-care audits were not shown to improve perinatal mortality in this study.
Quality-of-care audits and perinatal mortality in South Africa / ????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????? / Contrôle de la qualité des soins et mortalité périnatale en Afrique du Sud / ?????? ???? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? / ?????????????????? / Verificación de la calidad de la asistencia y mortalidad perinatal en Sudáfrica
Emma R, Allanson; Robert C, Pattinson.
Full Text Available Resumen Situación El cuidado por debajo del nivel óptimo contribuye a las tasas de mortalidad perinatal. Las verificaciones de la calidad de la asistencia se puede utilizar para identificar y cambiar el cuidado por debajo del nivel óptimo, pero no se sabe si tales verificaciones han reducido la mort [...] alidad perinatal en Sudáfrica. Enfoque Se investigaron las tendencias de mortalidad perinatal en centros de salud que habían completado por lo menos cinco años de verificaciones de la calidad de la asistencia. En un subgrupo de centros que empezaron las verificaciones en 2006, se analizaron los factores modificables que podrían haber contribuido a las muertes perinatales. Marco regional Desde la década de 1990, el programa de identificación del problema perinatal ha realizado verificaciones de la calidad de la asistencia en Sudáfrica para registrar las muertes perinatales, identificar los factores modificables y estimular el cambio. Cambios importantes Cinco años de verificaciones continuas estuvieron disponibles para 163 centros. Las tasas de mortalidad perinatal disminuyeron en 48 centros (28%) y aumentaron en 52 (32%). En el subgrupo de centros que empezó la verificación en 2006, hubo una disminución en la mortalidad perinatal del 30% (16/54), pero un aumento del 35% (19/54). Los centros con una mortalidad perinatal en aumento tenían una mayor probabilidad de identificar los siguientes factores: retraso de los pacientes en la búsqueda de ayuda cuando un niño enfermaba (cociente de posibilidades, CP: 4,67; intervalo de confianza, IC, del 95%: 1,99-10,97); falta de uso de asteroides prenatales (CP: 9,57 (IC del 95%: 2,97-30,81); falta de personal de enfermería (CP: 2,67 (IC del 95%: 1,34-5,33); septicemia neonatal no identificada antes del parto durante el control del feto (CP: 2,92 (IC del 95%: 1,47-5,8) y escasos progresos en el parto con una interpretación incorrecta del partograma (CP: 2,77 (IC del 95%: 1,43-5,34). Lecciones aprendidas Las verificaciones de la calidad de la asistencia no ha mostrado mejoras en la mortalidad perinatal en este estudio. Abstract in english Abstract Problem Suboptimal care contributes to perinatal mortality rates. Quality-of-care audits can be used to identify and change suboptimal care, but it is not known if such audits have reduced perinatal mortality in South Africa. Approach We investigated perinatal mortality trends in health fac [...] ilities that had completed at least five years of quality-of-care audits. In a subset of facilities that began audits from 2006, we analysed modifiable factors that may have contributed to perinatal deaths. Local setting Since the 1990s, the perinatal problem identification programme has performed quality-of-care audits in South Africa to record perinatal deaths, identify modifiable factors and motivate change. Relevant changes Five years of continuous audits were available for 163 facilities. Perinatal mortality rates decreased in 48 facilities (29%) and increased in 52 (32%). Among the subset of facilities that began audits in 2006, there was a decrease in perinatal mortality of 30% (16/54) but an increase in 35% (19/54). Facilities with increasing perinatal mortality were more likely to identify the following contributing factors: patient delay in seeking help when a baby was ill (odds ratio, OR: 4.67; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.99-10.97); lack of use of antenatal steroids (OR: 9.57; 95% CI: 2.97-30.81); lack of nursing personnel (OR: 2.67; 95% CI: 1.34-5.33); fetal distress not detected antepartum when the fetus is monitored (OR: 2.92; 95% CI: 1.47-5.8) and poor progress in labour with incorrect interpretation of the partogram (OR: 2.77; 95% CI: 1.43-5.34). Lessons learnt Quality-of-care audits were not shown to improve perinatal mortality in this study.
GarcÃa-de-LeÃ³n-Chocano, Ricardo; MuÃ±oz-Soler, VerÃ³nica; SÃ¡ez, Carlos; GarcÃa-de-LeÃ³n-GonzÃ¡lez, Ricardo; GarcÃa-GÃ³mez, Juan M
This is the second in a series of two papers regarding the construction of data quality (DQ) assured repositories, based on population data from Electronic Health Records (EHR), for the reuse of information on infant feeding from birth until the age of two. This second paper describes the application of the computational process of constructing the first quality-assured repository for the reuse of information on infant feeding in the perinatal period, with the aim of studying relevant questions from the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) and monitoring its deployment in our hospital. The construction of the repository was carried out using 13 semi-automated procedures to assess, recover or discard clinical data. The initial information consisted of perinatal forms from EHR related to 2048 births (Facts of Study, FoS) between 2009 and 2011, with a total of 433,308 observations of 223 variables. DQ was measured before and after the procedures using metrics related to eight quality dimensions: predictive value, correctness, duplication, consistency, completeness, contextualization, temporal-stability, and spatial-stability. Once the predictive variables were selected and DQ was assured, the final repository consisted of 1925 births, 107,529 observations and 73 quality-assured variables. The amount of discarded observations mainly corresponds to observations of non-predictive variables (52.90%) and the impact of the de-duplication process (20.58%) with respect to the total input data. Seven out of thirteen procedures achieved 100% of valid births, observations and variables. Moreover, 89% of births and ~98% of observations were consistent according to the experts×³ criteria. A multidisciplinary approach along with the quantification of DQ has allowed us to construct the first repository about infant feeding in the perinatal period based on EHR population data. PMID:26950399
Perinatal care has long been the sector towards which Éloïse Cognat has wanted to direct her career. From her initial training, she felt drawn to working closely with the patient and the care practices; the nursing profession was an obvious choice for her. Here she tells us of the fulfilling start to her career. PMID:26145423
Avaliação da qualidade da informação do Sistema de Informação Perinatal (SIP-CLAP /OPAS) para monitoramento da assistência perinatal hospitalar, Belo Horizonte, 2004 / Assessment of the quality of information from the Perinatal Information System (SIP-CLAP/OPAS) used to monitor hospital perinatal care, Belo Horizonte, 2004
Maria Albertina Santiago, Rego; Elisabeth Barboza, França; Deise Campos Cardoso, Afonso.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a qualidade da informação do SIP-CLAP/OPAS em maternidades de Belo Horizonte. MÉTODOS: para avaliação da completude foi analisada amostra aleatória sistemática de 562 formulários SIP e prontuários médicos correspondentes, coletados durante a assistência em duas maternidades, em 200 [...] 4. Uma subamostra de 20% foi utilizada para avaliação da confiabilidade do banco de dados eletrônico do programa. Foram calculadas proporções de completude antes e após resgate da informação disponível em prontuário, e o índice Kappa e o coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (ICC), com nível de significância de 5%, para análise da concordância. RESULTADOS: a completude de variáveis do SIP durante a assistência foi em média 72% no Hospital 1 e 86% no Hospital 2. O ganho médio percentual após busca da informação em prontuários foi de 18% e 7%, respectivamente. Foram observados índices muito bons de concordância nos dois hospitais. CONCLUSÕES: o SIP-CLAP representa uma alternativa para monitoramento da assistência hospitalar perinatal, mas apresenta problemas para sua utilização adequada, pois a completude avaliada durante a assistência não foi satisfatória. São necessários investimentos para o aprimoramento do programa nos hospitais, fundamentais para obtenção de indicadores essenciais para a qualificação da assistência hospitalar ao parto e nascimento. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: to assess the quality of information from the SIP-CLAP/OPAS in maternity hospitals in Belo Horizonte. METHODS: completeness was assessed by analyzing a systematic random sample of 562 SIP forms and the corresponding medical records, collected while care was being given at two maternity ho [...] spitals in 2004. A sub-sample of 20% was used to evaluate the reliability of the program's electronic database. Proportions were calculated for completeness before and after recovery of information available on medical records, along with the kappa index and the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC), with a level of significance of 5%, for analysis of agreement. RESULTS: the completeness of SIP variables while care was being given was on average 72% in Hospital 1 and 86% in Hospital 2. The average increase after recovering the information in medical records was of 18% and 7%, respectively. A good level of agreement was found at both hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: although the SIP-CLAP represents an alternative way of monitoring perinatal hospital care, there are still some problems regarding it's adequate use, as completeness of the data evaluated during care was not completely satisfactory. Investments are necessary to improve the program's use in hospitals, in order to obtain essential indicators to qualify perinatal hospital care.
Bisognano, Maureen; Cherouny, Peter H; Gullo, Sue
The Institute for Healthcare Improvement applies a systems-focused, science-based approach to improving perinatal care. This approach is based on the pioneering work in quality improvement and statistical process control performed by Walter Shewhart and W. Edwards Deming, and it uses the Model for Improvement, a simple and effective tool for accelerating improvement. In 2008, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement articulated a Triple Aim for improvement-better care, better health for populations, and lower per capita costs. The Triple Aim has become a guiding framework throughout health care and also guides much of the work of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement's collaborative effort to improve perinatal care-the Perinatal Improvement Community-is an ideal example of work that pursues all three dimensions of the Triple Aim. The improvement method used in the community creates the foundation for the kind of cultural transformation that Perinatal Improvement Community leaders and participants have learned is necessary to make significant and lasting change. Using a systems-focused and science-based approach to improvement equips obstetricians and gynecologists with the knowledge, skills, and tools they need to improve the systems of care they work in so they can deliver the best evidence-based care to all of their patients, all of the time. PMID:25198257
Conclusions: Eclampsia is one of the important causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality due to lack of proper antenatal care, low socio-economic status and lack of education. Early attention and intensive management are essential for improving the maternal and fetal outcomes. Unless the social and educational status of women is uplifted and obstetric care is brought to the doorstep, no miracle can be expected. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(3.000: 653-657
Mortalidade perinatal por sífilis congênita: indicador da qualidade da atenção à mulher e à criança Perinatal mortality due to congenital syphilis: a quality-of-care indicator for women's and children's healthcare
Full Text Available A sífilis permanece como causa importante de mortalidade perinatal no Município do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, onde o presente estudo foi realizado utilizando os dados do Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade e das Fichas de Notificação e Investigação de Óbitos Fetais e Neonatais, obrigatórias para as maternidades municipais. Entre 1996 e 1998, a sífilis congênita foi responsável por 13,1% dos óbitos fetais e 6,5% dos neonatais nas maternidades municipais. Entre 1999 e 2002, os percentuais foram de 16,2% e 7,9%, respectivamente. Para o Município do Rio de Janeiro, de 1999 a 2002, os percentuais foram 5,4% e 2,2%, para óbitos fetais e neonatais. A taxa de mortalidade perinatal por sífilis congênita permanece estável no Município do Rio de Janeiro apesar dos esforços iniciados com as campanhas para eliminação do agravo em 1999 e 2000. Propomos a utilização da taxa de mortalidade perinatal por sífilis congênita como indicador de impacto das ações de controle e eliminação da sífilis congênita e sugerimos a utilização das fichas de notificação e investigação de óbitos fetais e neonatais para a vigilância de outros agravos evitáveis.Syphilis is a persistent cause of perinatal mortality in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where this study was performed using data from the mortality data system and investigational reports for fetal and neonatal deaths, mandatory in municipal maternity hospitals. From 1996 to 1998, 13.1% of fetal deaths and 6.5% of neonatal deaths in municipal maternity hospitals were due to congenital syphilis. From 1999 to 2002, the proportions were 16.2% and 7.9%, respectively. For the city of Rio de Janeiro as a whole from 1999 and 2002, the proportions were 5.4% of fetal deaths and 2.2% of neonatal deaths. The perinatal mortality rate due to congenital syphilis remains stable in Rio de Janeiro, despite efforts initiated with congenital syphilis elimination campaigns in 1999 and 2000. We propose that the perinatal mortality rate due to congenital syphilis be used as an impact indicator for activities to control and eliminate congenital syphilis, based on the investigational reports for fetal and neonatal deaths. Such reports could be extended to the surveillance of other avoidable perinatal disease outcomes.
Mortalidade perinatal por sífilis congênita: indicador da qualidade da atenção à mulher e à criança Perinatal mortality due to congenital syphilis: a quality-of-care indicator for women's and children's healthcare
Valéria Saraceni; Maria Helena Freitas da Silva Guimarães; Mariza Miranda Theme Filha; Maria do Carmo Leal
A sífilis permanece como causa importante de mortalidade perinatal no Município do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, onde o presente estudo foi realizado utilizando os dados do Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade e das Fichas de Notificação e Investigação de Óbitos Fetais e Neonatais, obrigatórias para as maternidades municipais. Entre 1996 e 1998, a sífilis congênita foi responsável por 13,1% dos óbitos fetais e 6,5% dos neonatais nas maternidades municipais. Entre 1999 e 2002, os percentuais foram d...
McMillan, DD; Lee, SK; Serediak, M; Finn, JG; Saigal, S.; Walker, CR
There have been publically expressed concerns about the costs and allocation of neonatal and perinatal health care resources in Canada and elsewhere for the past 15 years. This paper reports information from a symposium held during the 1996 Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS) annual meeting sponsored by the CPS Section on Perinatal Medicine. Experts in perinatal epidemiology, health care economics, public policy and finance, and consumer perspectives on the outcomes of neonatal and perinatal in...
Meloni, Alessandra; Tuveri, Milena; Floridia, Marco; Zucca, Francesca; Borghero, Grazia; Gariel, Donatella; Melis, Gian Benedetto
Abstract We describe the main issues encountered in pregnancy care in two perinatally infected adolescents with HIV. Despite the young maternal age, both mothers complied well with visits and treatment during pregnancy and delivered at week 38 through elective caesarean section. Both, however, missed the regular gynaecological and the routine HIV visits scheduled after pregnancy. Both infants following HIV exposure were confirmed HIV negative at the end of tests performed in the fi...
An EastEnders storyline that has shown a mother separated from her new baby to be treated for postpartum psychosis mirrors the 'unacceptable' standards of care in the UK, according to a charity. PMID:26967852
Kerkhofs, C.; Bruyn, C. de (biograaf); Mesens, T; Theyskens, C; Vanhoestenberghe, M.; Bruneel, E; Van Holsbeke, C; Bonnaerens, A.; Gyselaers, W.
Introduction: Today, perinatal audit focuses basically on cases of perinatal mortality. In most centres in Western Europe, perinatal mortality is low. Identification of metabolic acidosis at birth may increase index cases eligible for evaluation of perinatal care, and this might improve quality of perinatal audit. The aim of this study is to assess the incidence of metabolic acidosis at birth in order to estimate its impact on perinatal audit.
Mbalinda, S. N.; Kiwanuka, N; Kaye, D. K.; Eriksson, L. E.
Background With increased survival of perinatally HIV - infected adolescents due to antiretroviral therapy (ART), the focus of HIV care has shifted to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) as a measure of disease progression, effects of ART co-morbidity and prognosis. We assessed factors associated with better HRQoL in perinatally HIV -infected adolescents in Uganda by determining the associations between sexual and reproductive health (SRH) or lifestyle experiences on HRQoL. Methods ...
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) defines quality of care as "the degree to which health services for individuals and populations increase the likelihood of desired health outcomes and are consistent with current professional knowledge." In 1999, the IOM issued Ensuring Quality Cancer Care, a report that documented significant gaps in the quality of cancer care in the United States.
Johnston, David; Tough, Suzanne; Siever, Jodi
This article describes The Community Perinatal Care Study, a community-based study of pregnancy support that was conducted in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, between 2001 and 2004. The study was conducted to learn how to improve community-based pregnancy care and to improve prenatal care and healthy births, particularly for women with increased…
Dever, G. E. Alan; Smith, Leah T.; Stamps, Bunnie V.
Introduction: A marketing/business model using non-traditional Quality of Life measures was developed to assess perinatal health status on a micro-geographic level. This perinatal health status needs assessment study for Georgia South Central Region was conducted for the years 1994-1999. The model may be applied to any geographic unit in the…
Hasselager, Asbjørn Børch; Børch, Klaus; Pryds, Ole Axel
INTRODUCTION: Major advances in perinatal care over the latest decades have increased the survival rate of extremely premature infants. Centralisation of perinatal care was implemented in Denmark from 1995. This study evaluates the effect of organisational changes of perinatal care on survival and...... morbidity of live-born infants with gestational ages (GA) of 22-28 weeks. METHODS: Three cohort studies were included from 1994-1995, 2003 and 2011. Data from live-born infants were extracted regarding risk factors, survival, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), cystic periventricular leukomalacia (cPVL) and...... intraventricular haemorrhage grade 3-4 (IVH 3-4). RESULTS: A total of 184, 83 and 127 infants were included from the cohorts. Delivery rates at level 3 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) hospitals increased from 69% to 87%. Transfer rates to level 3 NICU almost doubled during the period. Survival rates were...
Full Text Available Abstract Background Antenatal Care (ANC during pregnancy can play an important role in the uptake of evidence-based services vital to the health of women and their infants. Studies report positive effects of ANC on use of facility-based delivery and perinatal mortality. However, most existing studies are limited to cross-sectional surveys with long recall periods, and generally do not include population-based samples. Methods This study was conducted within the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b in Matlab, Bangladesh. The HDSS area is divided into an icddr,b service area (SA where women and children receive care from icddr,b health facilities, and a government SA where people receive care from government facilities. In 2007, a new Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health (MNCH program was initiated in the icddr,b SA that strengthened the ongoing maternal and child health services including ANC. We estimated the association of ANC with facility delivery and perinatal mortality using prospectively collected data from 2005 to 2009. Using a before-after study design, we also determined the role of ANC services on reduction of perinatal mortality between the periods before (2005 â€“ 2006 and after (2008â€“2009 implementation of the MNCH program. Results Antenatal care visits were associated with increased facility-based delivery in the icddr,b and government SAs. In the icddr,b SA, the adjusted odds of perinatal mortality was about 2-times higher (odds ratio (OR 1.91; 95% confidence intervals (CI: 1.50, 2.42 among women who received â‰¤1 ANC compared to women who received â‰¥3 ANC visits. No such association was observed in the government SA. Controlling for ANC visits substantially reduced the observed effect of the intervention on perinatal mortality (OR 0.64; 95% CI: 0.52, 0.78 to non-significance (OR 0.81; 95% CI: 0.65, 1.01, when comparing cohorts before and after the MNCH program initiation (Sobel test of mediation P Conclusions ANC visits are associated with increased uptake of facility-based delivery and improved perinatal survival in the icddr,b SA. Further testing of the icddr,b approach to simultaneously improving quality of ANC and facility delivery care is needed in the existing health system in Bangladesh and in other low-income countries to maximize health benefits to mothers and newborns.
Sit, Dorothy K. Y.; Flint, Cheryl; Svidergol, Donald; White, Joanne; Wimer, Michelle; Bish, Bettina; Wisner, Katherine L.
Perinatal depression is a significant health problem, especially among inner-city women. The authors explored the feasibility of an innovative model that integrated depression screening and treatment within an agency for maternal-child health. The team conducted depression screening with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale; they confirmed the primary diagnosis with the PRIME-MD instrument for 29 women with positive screens. Most participants had moderate or severe major depressive disord...
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To examine the nature of the relationship between the use of skilled attendance around the time of delivery and maternal and perinatal mortality. METHODS: We analysed health and demographic surveillance system data collected between 1987 and 2005 by the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B in Matlab, Bangladesh. FINDINGS: The study recorded 59 165 pregnancies, 173 maternal deaths, 1661 stillbirths and 1418 early neonatal deaths in its service area over the study period. During that time, the use of skilled attendance during childbirth increased from 5.2% to 52.6%. More than half (57.8% of the women who died and one-third (33.7% of those who experienced a perinatal death (i.e. a stillbirth or early neonatal death had sought skilled attendance. Maternal mortality was low among women who did not seek skilled care (160 per 100 000 pregnancies and was nearly 32 times higher (adjusted odds ratio, OR: 31.66; 95% confidence interval, CI: 22.03-45.48 among women who came into contact with comprehensive emergency obstetric care. Over time, the strength of the association between skilled obstetric care and maternal mortality declined as more women sought such care. Perinatal death rates were also higher for those who sought skilled care than for those who did not, although the strength of association was much weaker. CONCLUSION: Given the high maternal mortality ratio and perinatal mortality rate among women who sought obstetric care, more work is needed to ensure that women and their neonates receive timely and effective obstetric care. Reductions in perinatal mortality will require strategies such as early detection and management of health problems during pregnancy.
Miller, Margaret; Hearn, Lydia; van der Pligt, Paige; Wilcox, Jane; Campbell, Karen J
Almost half of Australian women of child-bearing age are overweight or obese, with a rate of 30-50% reported in early pregnancy. Maternal adiposity is a costly challenge for Australian obstetric care, with associated serious maternal and neonatal complications. Excess gestational weight gain is an important predictor of offspring adiposity into adulthood and higher maternal weight later in life. Current public health and perinatal care approaches in Australia do not adequately address excess perinatal maternal weight or gestational weight gain. This paper argues that the failure of primary health-care providers to offer systematic advice and support regarding women's weight and related lifestyle behaviours in child-bearing years is an outstanding 'missed opportunity' for prevention of inter-generational overweight and obesity. Barriers to action could be addressed through greater attention to: clinical guidelines for maternal weight management for the perinatal period, training and support of maternal health-care providers to develop skills and confidence in raising weight issues with women, a variety of weight management programs provided by state maternal health services, and clear referral pathways to them. Attention is also required to service systems that clearly define roles in maternal weight management and ensure consistency and continuity of support across the perinatal period. PMID:24176286
Full Text Available Background: Making perinatal care accessible to women in marginalized periurban areas poses a public health problem. Many women do not utilize institutional care in spite of physical accessibility. Home-based care by traditional birth attendants (TBA is hazardous. Inappropriate early neonatal feeding practices are common. Many barriers to perinatal care can be overcome by social mobilization and capacity building at the community level. Objectives: To determine the existing perinatal practices in an urban slum and to identify barriers to utilization of health services by mothers. Study Design: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study. Setting and Participants: The high-risk periurban areas of Nabi Nagar, Aligarh has a population of 40,000 living in 5,480 households. Mothers delivering babies in September 2007 were identified from records of social mobilization workers (Community Mobilization Coordinators or CMCs already working in an NGO in the area. A total of 92 mothers were interviewed at home. Current perinatal practices and reasons for utilizing or not utilizing health services were the topics of inquiry. Statistical Analysis: Data was tabulated and analyzed using SPSS 12. Results: Analyses revealed that 80.4% of mothers had received antenatal care. However, this did not translate into safe delivery practices as more than 60% of the women had home deliveries conducted by traditional untrained or trained birth attendants. Reasons for preferring home deliveries were mostly tradition (41.9% or related to economics (30.7%. A total of 56% of the deliveries were conducted in the squatting position and in 25% of the cases, the umbilical cord was cut using the edge of a broken cup. Although breast-feeding was universal, inappropriate early neonatal feeding practices were common. Prelacteal feeds were given to nearly 50% of the babies and feeding was delayed beyond 24 hours in 8% of the cases. Several mothers had breastfeeding problems. Conclusion: Barriers to utilization of available services leads to hazardous perinatal practices in urban slums.
Ellsbury, Dan L
The "Quality Chasm" exists in neonatal intensive care. Despite years of clinical research in neonatology, therapies continue to be underused, overused, or misused. A key concept in crossing the quality chasm is system redesign. The unpredictability of human factors and the dynamic complexity of the neonatal ICU are not amenable to rigid reductionist control and redesign. Change is best accomplished in this complex adaptive system by use of simple rules: (1) general direction pointing, (2) prohibitions, (3) resource or permission providing. These rules create conditions for purposeful self-organizing behavior, allowing widespread natural experimentation, all focused on generating the desired outcome. PMID:20363444
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of common perinatal mental disorders their determinants, and their association with preventive health care use among women in one rural and one urban province in northern Viet Nam. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of cohorts of pregnant women and mothers of infants recruited systematically in 10 randomly-selected communes. The women participated in psychiatrist-administered structured clinical interviews and separate structured interviews to assess sociodemographic factors, reproductive health, the intimate partner relationship, family violence and the use of preventive and psychiatric health care. Associations between these variables and perinatal mental disorders were explored through univariate analyses and multivariable logistic regression. FINDINGS: Among women eligible for the study (392, 364 (93% were recruited. Of these, 29.9% (95% confidence interval, CI: 25.20-34.70 were diagnosed with a common perinatal mental disorder (CPMD. The frequency of such disorders during pregnancy and in the postpartum period was the same. Their prevalence was higher among women in rural provinces (odds ratio, OR: 2.17; 95% CI: 1.19-3.93; exposed to intimate partner violence (OR: 2.11; 95% CI: 1.12-3.96; fearful of other family members (OR: 3.36; 95% CI: 1.05-10.71 or exposed to coincidental life adversity (OR: 4.40; 95% CI: 2.44-7.93. Fewer women with a CPMD used iron supplements than women without a CPMD, but the results were not statistically significant (P = 0.05. None of the women studied had ever received mental health care. CONCLUSION: Perinatal depression and anxiety are prevalent in women in northern Viet Nam. These conditions are predominantly determined by social factors, including rural residence, poverty and exposure to family violence. At present the needs of women with common perinatal mental disorders are unrecognized and not attended to and their participation in essential antenatal preventive care appears to be compromised.
Ven, A.J. van de; Schaaf, J. M.; M. A. van Os; C. J. M. de Groot; Haak, M.C.; Pajkrt, E; Mol, B W J
Introduction. In Netherlands, the obstetric care system is divided into primary and secondary care by risk level of the pregnancy. We assessed the incidence of preterm birth according to level of care and the association between level of care at time of labor onset and delivery and adverse perinatal outcome. Methods. Singleton pregnancies recorded in Netherlands Perinatal Registry between 1999 and 2007, with spontaneous birth between 25+0 and 36+6 weeks, were included. Three groups were compa...
Work is underway to make cancer a working model for quality of care research and the translation of this research into practice. This requires addressing how data collection about cancer care can be standardized and made most useful to a variety of audiences including providers, patients and their families, purchasers, payers, researchers, and policymakers. The Applied Research Program has spearheaded several key activities to carry out this initiative.
Manandhar Madan; Manandhar Dharma S; Shrestha Bhim P; Tamang Suresh; Osrin David; Mesko Natasha; Standing Hilary; Costello Anthony
Abstract Background Maternal, perinatal and neonatal mortality rates remain high in rural areas of developing countries. Most deliveries take place at home and care-seeking behaviour is often delayed. We report on a combined quantitative and qualitative study of care seeking obstacles and practices relating to perinatal illness in rural Makwanpur district, Nepal, with particular emphasis on consultation strategies. Methods The analysis included a survey of 8798 women who reported a birth in t...
Ramsaran-Fowdar, Roshnee R
Evaluating health care quality is important for consumers, health care providers, and society. Developing a measure of health care service quality is an important precursor to systems and organizations that value health care quality. SERVQUAL has been proposed as a broad-based measure of service quality that may be applicable to health care settings. Results from a study described in this paper verify SERVQUAL dimensions, but demonstrate additional dimensions that are specific to health care settings. PMID:16318013
Enimil, Anthony; Nugent, Nicole; Amoah, Christian; Norman, Betty; Antwi, Sampson; Ocran, Joseph; Kwara, Awewura; Barker, David H
In Sub-Saharan Africa, increasing numbers of children with perinatally acquired HIV (PAHIV) are living into adolescence. These adolescents face numerous unique challenges such as parent illness/death and years of medication use. Optimizing care for these youth requires an understanding of the factors that contribute to physical health, psychological well-being, social relationships, and quality of life (QOL). This mixed methods study collected quantitative questionnaire data from 40 Ghanaian adolescents with PAHIV (50% female, 12-19 years old) who received care through an adolescent HIV clinic in Kumasi, Ghana. The study also presents results from qualitative interviews conducted with 20 adolescents. Results from quantitative analyses suggested that a significant number of participants were not virally suppressed (67%) and participants reported barriers to treatment adherence, limited social support, concerns about disclosure and HIV-related stigma, limited resources, and lower than expected QOL. Salient themes from the qualitative analyses included limited understanding of how HIV is transmitted, the interplay between food insecurity and treatment adherence and the need for developing safe relationships through which adolescents can discuss their illness without fear of accidental disclosure of their HIV status. PMID:26643735
Full Text Available Carmen Parrotta,1 William Riley,1 Les Meredith21School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 2Premier Insurance Management Services Inc, Charlotte, NC, USAAbstract: Highly reliable care requires standardization of clinical practices and is a prerequisite for patient safety. However, standardization in complex hospital settings is extremely difficult to attain and health care leaders are challenged to create care delivery processes that ensure patient safety. Moreover, once high reliability is achieved in a hospital unit, it must be maintained to avoid process deterioration. This case study examines an intervention to implement care bundles (a collection of evidence-based practices in four hospitals to achieve standardized care in perinatal units. The results show different patterns in the rate and magnitude of change within the hospitals to achieve high reliability. The study is part of a larger nationwide study of 16 hospitals to improve perinatal safety. Based on the findings, we discuss the role of leadership for implementing and sustaining high reliability to ensure freedom from unintended injury.Keywords: care bundles, evidence-based practice, standardized care, process improvement
Swartz, W H; Swartz, J V
For several months prior to birth a major portion of a family's attention, conversation, thought, and often worry, is directed toward the idea of a new child. This prolonged attention and anticipation contribute to making childbirth an emotionally charged experience. In psychological terms, it is therefore a critical period of peak motivation for learning, and a time to peak susceptibility to reinforcement. Theory, reason, and scientific evidence indicate thng with childbirth and early postpartum experiences, can significantly affect subsequent parental behaviors, the child's central environment influence. Evidence strongly suggests that these parental attitudes and behaviors so crucial to the child's ultimate well-being are learned rather than derived instinctually, and therefore they are malleable and can be taught, directed, and corrected. Through education and reinforcement it is possible to encourage parental behaviors and child interactions which are products of feelings of control, competence, accomplishment, understanding, and caring. Similarly we can recognize and work toward replacing attitudes, feelings, and behaviors that express fear, worry, and insecurity about the child. Over the past 50 years major changes have occurred in the practice of obstetrics and newborn pediatrics. Other major changes will necessarily occur as we move toward perinatal regionalization. Changes instigated solely on physiologic data can have unrecognized collateral effects on the psychological component of the childbirth experience. All concerned health care personnel, especially obstetricians and pediatricians, can insist that the importance of desirable mother-father-child interactions be recognized and that practices fostering them be afforded a high priority. I would like to endorse a comment from a recent article by Richmond concerning the advent of behavioral pediatrics by adding that behavioral obstetrics is also "an idea whose time has arrived". PMID:963936
Manandhar Dharma; Manandhar Madan; Shrestha Bhim; Osrin David; Mesko Natasha; Tamang Suresh; Morrison Joanna; Standing Hilary; Costello Anthony
Abstract Background Neonatal mortality rates are high in rural Nepal where more than 90% of deliveries are in the home. Evidence suggests that death rates can be reduced by interventions at community level. We describe an intervention which aimed to harness the power of community planning and decision making to improve maternal and newborn care in rural Nepal. Methods The development of 111 women's groups in a population of 86 704 in Makwanpur district, Nepal is described. The groups, facilit...
Carlo, Waldemar A.; Goudar, Shivaprasad S.; Jehan, Imtiaz; Chomba, Elwyn; Tshefu, Antoinette; Garces, Ana; Parida, Sailajanandan; Althabe, Fernando; McClure, Elizabeth M.; Derman, Richard J.; Goldenberg, Robert L.; Bose, Carl; Krebs, Nancy F.; Panigrahi, Pinaki; Buekens, Pierre; Chakraborty, Hrishikesh; Hartwell, Tyler D.; Wright, Linda L.
Background Ninety-eight percent of the 3.7 million neonatal deaths and 3.3 million stillbirths per year occur in developing countries, and evaluation of community-based interventions is needed. Methods Using a train-the-trainer model, local instructors trained birth attendants from rural communities in six countries (Argentina, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guatemala, India, Pakistan, and Zambia) in the World Health Organization Essential Newborn Care course (routine neonatal care, resuscitation, thermoregulation, breastfeeding, kangaroo care, care of the small baby, and common illnesses), and in a modified version of the American Academy of Pediatrics Neonatal Resuscitation Program (in depth basic resuscitation), except in Argentina. The Essential Newborn Care intervention was assessed with a before and after design (N=57, 643). The Neonatal Resuscitation Program intervention was assessed as a cluster randomized controlled trial (N=62,366). The primary outcome was 7-day neonatal mortality. Results The 7-day follow-up rate was 99.2%. Following Essential Newborn Care training, there was no significant reduction from baseline in all-cause 7-day neonatal (RR 0.99; CI 0.81, 1.22) or perinatal mortality; there was a significant reduction in the stillbirth rate (RR 0.69; CI 0.54, 0.88; p<0.01). Seven-day neonatal mortality, stillbirth, and perinatal mortality were not reduced in clusters randomized to Neonatal Resuscitation Program training as compared with control clusters. Conclusions Seven-day neonatal mortality did not decrease following the introduction of Essential Newborn Care training of community-based birth attendants, although the rate of stillbirths was reduced following this intervention. Subsequent training in the Neonatal Resuscitation Program did not significantly reduce the mortality rates. (clinicaltrials.gov number, NCT00136708). PMID:20164485
Eleserio, G L
Family planning (FP) and reproductive health (RH) care services need to be of good or better quality in order to attract and retain contraceptive acceptors and users. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) provide a large share of overall family planning services in the Philippines, a country with a high degree of unmet need for family planning. There are an estimated 3-4 million women in the Philippines who need contraception, but are currently not using a method due to a variety of reasons, including side effects, health concerns, inconvenience of method use, and difficult access to and availability of methods. One important element to providing high-quality services is to provide clients with complete information on all available methods and friendly counseling to those who have decided to use a certain method. Improving the quality of care (QOC) is a major objective of the NGO track of the Strengthening the Management and Field Implementation of the Family Planning/Reproductive Health Program. Operating since 1994, the UN Population Fund-assisted program is comprised of the NGO track, the Department of Health track, and the Local Government Unit track. The NGO track aims to improve the QOC in 1317 NGO service outlets. Moreover, the NGO track hopes to strengthen the management and implementation of the FP/RH service program, expand the range of RH services provided, and increase community support and cost-sharing for the FP/RH program. An overview is presented of how the QOC program in the NGO track was implemented during the first 2 years of the 4-year project period. PMID:12294070
Kwedza Ru K; Liddle Helen E; O'Donoghue Lynette; Cox Rhonda J; Kennedy Catherine M; Dowden Michelle C; Si Damin; Bailie Ross S; Rumbold Alice R; Thompson Sandra C; Burke Hugh P; Brown Alex DH; Weeramanthri Tarun; Connors Christine M
Abstract Background Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) populations have disproportionately high rates of adverse perinatal outcomes relative to other Australians. Poorer access to good quality maternal health care is a key driver of this disparity. The aim of this study was to describe patterns of delivery of maternity care and service gaps in primary care services in Australian Indigenous communities. Methods We undertook a cross-sectional baseline audit for a qua...
Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND : Eclampsia is a life threatening emergency that con tinues to be a major cause of serious maternal morbidity and is st ill the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of all cases of Eclampsia patients to find out the incidence, to evaluate the clinical course, medical & obstetric m anagement, and complications and to study the maternal &perinatal outcome. METHODS : This study was a hospital based prospective observational study. We obtained the data for this study from the case records of all Eclampsia patients who admitted in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal from 01.01.2011 to 31.12.2011 and data were r ecorded on a predesigned proforma. All the obstetrical women with convulsions after 20 wee ks pregnancy or in postpartum period were evaluated. Each case was documented with respec t to age, socioeconomic status, education, occupation, gestational age, time of onse t of Eclampsia, duration and frequency of seizures, mode of delivery, use of drugs (anticonvu lsant and antihypertensive, maternal and perinatal outcome RESULTS: Out of total 203 Eclampsia patients, 144 cases(70.93% were Antepartum Eclampsia, 22 patients (10.84% were intrapa rtum Eclampsia, 35 cases (17.24% were postpartum Eclampsia & 2 cases (0.9% were status Eclampticus.30% Patients did not have oedema,14% had BP<140/90 mm of Hg and 11.4% di d not have proteinuria at the time of admission. There were 21 maternal deaths and morbid ity consisted of pulmonary oedema in 31(33.6% cases, CVA in 17(18.4% cases, renal fail ure in 7(7.6% cases, HELLP syndrome in 6(6.5% cases and aspiration pneumonia in 2(2.2% cas es. Perinatal mortality was 44.3% with majority being related to extreme prematurity. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need of proper antenatal care to prevent Eclampsia and the need for intensive monitoring of women with Eclampsia throughout the hospitalization to improve bo th the maternal & perinatal outcome
Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This pilot study investigated the feasibility of delivering a package of community-based interventions for improving perinatal care using lady health workers (LHWs and traditional birth attendants (Dais in rural Pakistan. METHODS: The intervention was implemented in four of eight village clusters (315 villages, total population 138 600, while four served as a comparison group. The LHWs in intervention clusters received additional training focused on essential maternal and newborn care, conducted community education group sessions, and were encouraged to link up with local Dais. The intervention was delivered within the regular government LHW programme and was supported by the creation of voluntary community health committees. FINDINGS: In intervention villages, there were significant reductions from baseline in stillbirth (from 65.9 to 43.1 per 1000 births, P < 0.001 and neonatal mortality rates (from 57.3 to 41.3 per 1000 live births, P < 0.001. The proportion of deliveries conducted by skilled attendants at public sector facilities also increased, from 18% at baseline to 30%, while the proportion of home births decreased from 79% to 65%. A household survey indicated a higher frequency of key behaviours (e.g. early and exclusive breastfeeding, delayed bathing and cord care in intervention villages. CONCLUSION: The improved stillbirth and neonatal mortality rates observed indicate that community health workers (i.e. LHWs and Dais can be effective in implementing a community and outreach package that leads to improved home care practices by families, increased care-seeking behaviour and greater utilization of skilled care providers. These preliminary observations require confirmation in an adequately powered trial.
Full Text Available De acuerdo con el principio de vulnerabilidad, se hace una revisión para identificar aquellos factores fundamentales que afectan a los niños neonatos, desde la condición perinatal, en el embarazo, las condiciones maternas y las propias del neonato tanto desde el punto de vista biológico como el ambi [...] ental, social e institucional. Se identifican las implicancias bioéticas respecto a la dignidad, la autonomía descargada en los padres, la responsabilidad reconocida en los factores sociales y ambientales de las familias, el Estado y las instituciones. Se hacen planteamientos éticos en relación con su protección, el manejo clínico, así como la confrontación de los derechos de la madre y el neonato. Abstract in english With the perspective of the vulnerability principle, a review is made in order to identify fundamental factors affecting neonates during the perinatal condition, in pregnancy, the maternal and neonatal conditions in the biological, environmental, social and institutional aspects. Bioethical principl [...] es are analyzed in issues such as dignity, autonomy delegated into parents, the liability recognized in the social and environmental factors of the family, the State and the institutions. Some ethical statements are elaborated regarding their protection, clinical care and the confrontation between the mother's and the neonate's rights.
Abma, Tineke A.; Barth Oeseburg; Guy AM Widdershoven; Marian Verkerk
Tineke A Abma, Barth Oeseburg, Guy AM Widdershoven, Marian VerkerkMedical Humanities/EMGO Institute, VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, The NetherlandsAbstract: In health care, relationships between patients or disabled persons and professionals are at least co-constitutive for the quality of care. Many patients complain about the contacts and communication with caregivers and other professionals. From a care-ethical perspective a good patient-professional relationship requires a process of negoti...
Ying Dong; Guang Yue; Jia-lin Yu
Objective: Mortality of very low birth weight premature infants is of great public health concern. To better guide local intervention program, it is essential that current and reliable statistics be collected to understand the factors associated with mortality of these infants.Methods: Data of very low birth weight premature infants admitted to a neonatal unit during 2002-2009 was retrospectively collected. Changes in perinatal care between two halves of the study period (2002-2005 and 2006-2...
Background: Perinatal mental illness, especially depression, is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in high-income countries. In the United Kingdom (UK), mental illness commonly presents to and is treated at primary care level; however there are no up-to-date estimates of the burden of different mental illnesses in women in and around pregnancy. The potential impact of mental illness with or without psychotropic medication on the risk of non-live pregnancy outcomes is uncl...
Tineke A Abma
Full Text Available Tineke A Abma, Barth Oeseburg, Guy AM Widdershoven, Marian VerkerkMedical Humanities/EMGO Institute, VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, The NetherlandsAbstract: In health care, relationships between patients or disabled persons and professionals are at least co-constitutive for the quality of care. Many patients complain about the contacts and communication with caregivers and other professionals. From a care-ethical perspective a good patient-professional relationship requires a process of negotiation and shared understanding about mutual normative expectations. Mismatches between these expectations will lead to misunderstandings or conflicts. If caregivers listen to the narratives of identity of patients, and engage in a deliberative dialogue, they will better be able to attune their care to the needs of patients. We will illustrate this with the stories of three women with multiple sclerosis. Their narratives of identity differ from the narratives that caregivers and others use to understand and identify them. Since identities give rise to normative expectations in all three cases there is a conflict between what the women expect of their caregivers and vice-versa. These stories show that the quality of care, defined as doing the right thing, at the right time, in the right way, for the right person, is dependent on the quality of caring relationships.Keywords: ethics of care, dialogue, responsibilities, narratives, relationships
Marcelo Rodrigues Gonçalves
Full Text Available Objective: To investigate the association between primary health care (PHC quality and diabetes mellitus (DM management in adult patients living within the catchment area of PHC services in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Methods: Cross-sectional, population-based study of adults reporting known diabetes. Quality of PHC was assessed through the Primary Care Assesment Tool (PCATool-Brazil. Statistical analyses were performed with Poisson regression with robust variance. Results: Of the 3,014 adults interviewed, 205 (6.8% reported having diabetes; of these, 64.4% were women and 68.3% were white. Regarding PHC score of the health service attended, people with diabetes that were classified with a high PHC score, presented longer duration of disease (10.9 vs 8.4 anos, p=0.03 and greater frequency of diabetes-related complications (75.3% vs 58.8%, p=0.02. Regarding the proportion of respondents with good glycemic control, no significant difference between groups was found (31.7% vs 38%, p=0.3. In the multivariate analysis, services with a high PHC score presented a better profile of care for the prevention of the main comorbidities – greater blood pressure assessment (PR=1.07; CI95% 1.01-1.14, lipid profile request (PR=1.23; CI95% 1.09-1.39, counseling for physical activity (PR=1.50; CI95% 1.21-1.86, foot examination (PR=2.08; CI95% 1.54-2,81, and counseling for foot care (PR=1.37; CI95% 1.18-1.59. Conclusion: High PHC score services showed better performance in the management of diabetes and care for more complicated patients, but they did not differ significantly from lower PHC score services in terms of patients’ glycemic control.
LaMancuso, Kate; Goldman, Roberta E; Nothnagle, Melissa
This study characterized the perspectives of Karen refugee women in Buffalo, NY, their medical providers, and Karen interpreters/doulas on perinatal care for Karen women in resettlement. In-depth qualitative interviews with Karen women (14), Karen doulas/interpreters and key informants (8), and medical providers (6) were informed by the social contextual model and focused on women's questions about and opinions of perinatal care in Buffalo and on providers' experiences caring for Karen patients. Karen women expressed gratitude for and understanding of perinatal care in Buffalo, and providers described Karen patients as agreeable but shy. Karen doulas offered an alternative view that exposed women's many questions and concerns, and described how doula training empowered them as patients' advocates. Low self-efficacy, trauma histories, and cultural expectations may contribute to Karen women's seeming agreeability. Doulas/interpreters possess insider knowledge of women's concerns and facilitate communication between patients and the care team. PMID:25724151
Full Text Available Abstract Background Maternal, perinatal and neonatal mortality rates remain high in rural areas of developing countries. Most deliveries take place at home and care-seeking behaviour is often delayed. We report on a combined quantitative and qualitative study of care seeking obstacles and practices relating to perinatal illness in rural Makwanpur district, Nepal, with particular emphasis on consultation strategies. Methods The analysis included a survey of 8798 women who reported a birth in the previous two years [of whom 3557 reported illness in their pregnancy], on 30 case studies of perinatal morbidity and mortality, and on 43 focus group discussions with mothers, other family members and health workers. Results Early pregnancy was often concealed, preparation for birth was minimal and trained attendance at birth was uncommon. Family members were favoured attendants, particularly mothers-in-law. The most common recalled maternal complications were prolonged labour, postpartum haemorrhage and retained placenta. Neonatal death, though less definable, was often associated with cessation of suckling and shortness of breath. Many home-based care practices for maternal and neonatal illness were described. Self-medication was common. There were delays in recognising and acting on danger signs, and in seeking care beyond the household, in which the cultural requirement for maternal seclusion, and the perceived expense of care, played a part. Of the 760 women who sought care at a government facility, 70% took more than 12 hours from the decision to seek help to actual consultation. Consultation was primarily with traditional healers, who were key actors in the ascription of causation. Use of the government primary health care system was limited: the most common source of allopathic care was the district hospital. Conclusions Major obstacles to seeking care were: a limited capacity to recognise danger signs; the need to watch and wait; and an overwhelming preference to treat illness within the community. Safer motherhood and newborn care programmes in rural communities, must address both community and health facility care to have an impact on morbidity and mortality. The roles of community actors such as mothers-in-law, husbands, local healers and pharmacies, and increased access to properly trained birth attendants need to be addressed if delays in reaching health facilities are to be shortened.
The literature demonstrates that the concept of case management offers quality, patient-centered care. Case management promotes the wise utilization of resources and has economic advantages. The benefits of case management are widespread. Everyone concerned with patient care is affected positively, including the patient, family, caregivers, and the facility itself. The benefits far outweigh the potential problems outlined in the literature, and these problems can be eliminated with proper education. The movement toward the use of case management makes good business sense. It will continue. PMID:10108631
Reynolds, Grace; Kelly, Sharilyn; Singh-Carlson, Savitri
The goal of this US study was to determine the frequency of horizontal violence in a perinatal service and its effect on patient outcomes. A 24-question survey instrument was completed online by 63 nurses. The results indicated that labour and delivery wards experience a higher frequency of horizontal violence than other units in the perinatal service. They also showed that the mother and baby unit demonstrates a higher frequency of recipient or victim behaviours. A relationship between horizontal violence and ineffective communication, as well as a relationship between horizontal violence and poor patient outcomes or near misses, was demonstrated. PMID:24479924
Harrist, Amanda W.; Thompson, Stacy D.; Norris, Deborah J.
Multiple perspectives regarding the definition of quality child care, and how child care quality can be improved, were examined using a focus group methodology. Participants were representatives from stakeholder groups in the child care profession, including child care center owners and directors (3 groups), parents (3 groups), child caregivers (3…
Guth, Kim Ann; Kleiner, Brian
The purpose of this article is to explore the quality assurance methods commonly used in the health care industry. Factors that influence the delivery of quality patient care is explored as well as factors that affect implementation of quality control measures. The importance of quality patient care to the economic success of the health care industry is described. Quality improvement efforts that are utilized by health care institutions are described including: independent performance audits, internal audits, outcomes analysis, consumer reports, industry guidelines, and consumer satisfaction surveys. Highly effective hospital managers exhibit management roles, behaviors, and a range of activities that correlate strongly to institutional commitment to quality and improved patient care outcomes. By reinforcing their involvement in quality improvement efforts, hospital managers were able to enhance their effectiveness in promoting and sustaining quality care. PMID:16080413
The above article from Journal of Clinical Nursing, 'Investigating factors associated with nurses' attitudes towards perinatal bereavement care: a study in Shandong and Hong Kong' by Chan, M. F., Lou, F.-l., Cao, F.-l., Li, P., Liu, L. and Wu, L. H. published online on 6 July 2009 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) and in Volume 18, pp. 2344-2354, has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation carried out by the National University of Singapore due to major overlap with a previously published article: Chan MF, Lou F-l, Arthur DG, Cao F-l, Wu LH, Li P, Sagara-Rosemeyer M, Chung LYF & Lui L (2008) Investigating factors associate to nurses' attitudes towards perinatal bereavement care. Journal of Clinical Nursing 17: 509-518. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2007.02007.x. PMID:26311522
Atenção hospitalar perinatal e mortalidade neonatal no município de Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais Perinatal health care and neonatal mortality in the municipality of Juiz de Fora in the9* State of Minas Gerais
Maria da Consolação Magalhães
Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: identificar os possíveis fatores que têm contribuído para o excesso da mortalidade neonatal no município de Juiz de Fora e avaliar a qualidade do preenchimento dos prontuários hospitalares. MÉTODOS: estudo caso-controle baseado em informações colhidas nos prontuários das três principais maternidades do município. Foram analisados 103 óbitos neonatais e amostra de 232 nascidos vivos. RESULTADOS: as variáveis peso ao nascer e índice de Apgar no quinto minuto foram importantes fatores preditivos para o óbito neonatal, independente do local de nascimento. Quando se comparou, o risco de morrer, entre os hospitais verificou-se que no Hospital 1 o risco foi 3,97 vezes maior que no Hospital 3. Baseado em consulta a especialistas, foi criado um escore para avaliação do prontuário, onde o Hospital 1 apresentou mediana mais baixa, tanto entre casos como em controles. CONCLUSÕES: a ausência de informações adequadamente registradas no prontuário é um indicador de precariedade na assistência, e, certamente, retarda a realização de conduta indicada. A pesquisa apontou deficiências, particularmente nos registros, da assistência perinatal oferecida nos três hospitais.OBJECTIVES: to identify possible causes for the excessive rates of neonatal mortality in the municipality of Juiz de Fora and to assess the quality of hospital records. METHODS: a case control study based on information from the medical records of the three main maternity hospitals in the municipality. One hundred and three neonatal deaths were analyzed together with the sample of 232 liveborn babies. RESULTS: birth weight and Apgar index in the fifth minute were important predictive factors for neonatal deaths regardless of the maternity ward. The odd ratio in Hospital 1 was 3,97 times higher than in Hospital 3. Based on specialists' opinion, a medical record score was implemented which indicated that Hospital 1 had the lowest mean not only in relation to the cases but to the controls as well. CONCLUSIONS: the absence of information adequately registered in medical records is an indicator of poor medical assistance and certainly, delays proper care. The investigation reported deficiencies, particularly in the records, of the perinatal care offered by the three maternity hospitals.
Thomas Angela N
Full Text Available Abstract Background Perinatal death is a devastating experience for the mother and of concern in clinical practice. Regular perinatal audit may identify suboptimal care related to perinatal deaths and thus appropriate measures for its reduction. The aim of this study was to perform a qualitative perinatal audit of intrapartum and early neonatal deaths and propose means of reducing the perinatal mortality rate (PMR. Methods From 1st August, 2007 to 31st December, 2007 we conducted an audit of perinatal deaths (n = 133 with birth weight 1500 g or more at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH. The audit was done by three obstetricians, two external and one internal auditors. Each auditor independently evaluated the cases narratives. Suboptimal factors were identified in the antepartum, intrapartum and early neonatal period and classified into three levels of delay (community, infrastructure and health care. The contribution of each suboptimal factor to adverse perinatal outcome was identified and the case graded according to possible avoidability. Degree of agreement between auditors was assessed by the kappa coefficient. Results The PMR was 92 per 1000 total births. Suboptimal factors were identified in 80% of audited cases and half of suboptimal factors were found to be the likely cause of adverse perinatal outcome and were preventable. Poor foetal heart monitoring during labour was indirectly associated with over 40% of perinatal death. There was a poor to fair agreement between external and internal auditors. Conclusion There are significant areas of care that need improvement. Poor monitoring during labour was a major cause of avoidable perinatal mortality. This type of audit was a good starting point for quality assurance at MNH. Regular perinatal audits to identify avoidable causes of perinatal deaths with feed back to the staff may be a useful strategy to reduce perinatal mortality.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND : Eclampsia is a life threatening emergency that con tinues to be a major cause of serious maternal morbidity and is st ill the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of all cases of Eclampsia patients to find out the incidence, to evaluate the clinical course, medical & obstetric m anagement, and complications and to study the maternal &perinatal outcome. METHODS : This study was a hospital based prospect...
Sasmita Swain; Sujata Singh; Lucy Das; Balaram Sahoo
Background: Eclampsia is associated with devastating maternal and fetal complications. The main objective was to study the perinatal and maternal outcome and the causative factors for the mortality and morbidity in eclampsia patients admitted to this hospital and to explore the factors contributing to the alarming situation. Methods: 218 eclampsia cases admitted to the labour room in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SCB Medical College Cuttack, Odisha, India from Jan 2013 to Sep...
Milne, J Kenneth
Clinical risk presents enormous challenges for the health profession and governments. Despite excellent national and regional programs focused on the management of obstetrical conditions and prevention of newborn injury, an environment of clinical error persists; according to Canadian Medical Protective Association data, each year 6% of Canadian obstetricians face a legal challenge, with most cases also involving nurses and hospitals. Principles and lessons learned from risk management developed in high reliability organizations (HROs), such as air traffic controllers and nuclear power plants, can be applied to risk management in perinatal/obstetrical units. In 2002, the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada will launch an obstetrical risk management program called "Managing Obstetrical Risk Efficiently" (MORE), integrating labour and delivery clinical core content with HRO principles and reflective learning and practice modification tools designed to help all obstetrical caregivers build and maintain confidence and competency, improve patient safety and quality of care, and reduce clinical error and adverse events. PMID:12360367
Caldwell, Bettye M.; Boyd, Harper W., Jr.
Identifies negative public and professional attitudes that lie beneath the contemporary negative image of quality child care. Argues that concepts and principles of marketing are appropriate for influencing parents to choose high quality services and helping ensure that supplementary care is of sufficient quality to enhance, not inhibit, theâ€¦
In this podcast, CDCÃ¢Â€Â™s Dr. Steve Nesheim discusses perinatal HIV transmission, including the importance of preventing HIV among women, preconception care, and timely HIV testing of the mother. Dr. Nesheim also introduces the revised curriculum Eliminating Perinatal HIV Transmission intended for faculty of OB/GYN and pediatric residents and nurse midwifery students.Â Â Created: 11/26/2012 by Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention.Â Â Date Released: 11/26/2012.
Firth-Cozens, J; Mowbray, D
The importance of good leadership is becoming increasingly apparent within health care. This paper reviews evidence which shows that it has effects, not only on financial management, but on the quality of care provided. Some theories of leadership are discussed, primarily in terms of how different types of leaders might affect quality in different ways, including the effects that they might have on the stress or wellbeing of their staff which, in turn, is related to the quality of care produc...
Effective perinatal intensive care in europe (epice): Descrição do Projeto e primeiros resultados em Portugal / Effective perinatal intensive care in europe (epice): project description and first results in Portugal
Henrique, Barros; Carina, Rodrigues; Raquel, Costa; Inês, Baía; Teresa, Rodrigues; Maria do Céu, Machado; Luís, Graça; Rui, Carrapato; Adelina Sá, Couto; Aldina, Lopes; Alexandra, Almeida; Alexandrina, Portela; Alice, Vilas Boas; Almerinda, Pereira; Ana, Aroso; Ana, Berdeja; Ana, Bettencourt; Ana, Campos; Ana Castilho, Santos; Ana Isabel, Machado; Ana Maria, Andrade; Ana Melo, Bento; Ana, Neto; Ana, Pita; Ana Rute, Ferreira; Angelina, Tavares; Anselmo, Costa; Antónia, Nazaré; António, Braga; António, Fonseca; António, Lanhoso; António, Vilarinho; Ariana, Gomes; Beatriz, Sousa; Carla, Marinho; Carla, Sá; Carlos, Moniz; Cármen, Carvalho; Catarina, Dâmaso; Célia, Araújo; Clara Paz, Dias; Cláudia, Araújo; Conceição, Casanova; Conceição, Cunha; Conceição Faria, Murinello; Conceição, Telhado; Cristina, Didelet; Cristina, Leite; Cristina, Martins; Cristina, Trindade; Daniela, Almeida; Domingos Jardim da, Pena; Dulce, Oliveira; Eduarda, Reis; Eduardo, Fernandes; Ester, Casal; Eurico, Gaspar; Fátima, Fonseca; Fátima, Romão; Fernanda, Matos; Fernando, Cirurgião; Filomena, Nunes; Gabriela, Pereira; Glória, Carvalhosa; Graça, Henriques; Gustavo, Rodrigues; Helena, Almeida; Helena, Oliveira; Helena, Sousa; Hercília, Guimarães; Ilídio, Quelhas; Isabel, Canelas; Isabel Carolino, Silva; Isabel, Knoch; Isabel, Martins; Jacinto, Torres; Joana, Saldanha; Joana, Sampaio; João, Mendes; Joaquim, Marinho; Joaquina, Baltazar; Jorge, Ribeiro; Jorge, Silva; José, Amorim; José, Furtado; José, Guimarães; José Luís, Fonseca; José Miguel, Nogueira; José, Oliveira; José, Pombeiro; José, Teixeira; Juan, Calviño; Judite, Marques; Lucília, Araújo; Luís, Caturra; Mª do Carmo, Serra; Mª Paula, Arteaga; Margarida, Cabral; Margarida, Pontes; Margarida, Seabra; Maria Lurdes, Pinho; Mª José, Carneiro; Mário, Furtado; Mário, Paiva; Marisa, Cabanas; Marta, Aguiar; Marta, Barbosa; Micaela, Serelha; Nuno, Montenegro; Olímpia do, Carmo; Óscar, Vaz; Osvaldo, Soares; Paula, Costa; Paula, Pinheiro; Paula, Soares; Pedro, Enes; Pedro, Rocha; Pedro, Silva; Pedro, Tiago; Raquel, Maciel; Ricardo, Mira; Rosa, Rodrigues; Rosalina, Barroso; Rosalinda, Rodrigues; Rubina, Mendonça; Rui, Costa; Rui, Pinto; Sara Noéme, Prado; Susana Gama de, Sousa; Teresa, Oliveira; Teresa, Teles; Teresa, Tomé; Teresa, Ventura; Valdemar, Martins; Vítor, Neves; Zélia, Nunes; Jennifer, Zeitlin.
Full Text Available A melhoria da qualidade dos cuidados pré-natais e dos cuidados intensivos neonatais resultaram, nas últimas décadas, numa continuada diminuição da morbilidade e da mortalidade perinatais e infantis, particularmente de recém-nascidos muito pré-termo. No entanto, há uma grande variabilidade entre unid [...] ades de saúde na decisão sobre procedimentos e intervenções, quer a nível nacional quer internacional, que se pode refletir em desigualdades nos resultados em saúde e que importa identificar e compreender. Este artigo tem como objetivos descrever: (1) o projeto europeu “Effective Perinatal Intensive Care in Europe” (EPICE); (2) o estudo piloto desenvolvido na Região Norte de Portugal para testar o protocolo e o instrumento de recolha de dados do estudo de coorte; (3) o recrutamento e amostra final da coorte EPICE-Portugal. O projeto EPICE desenvolve-se em 19 regiões de 11 Estados Membros da União Europeia e tem como objetivo investigar como o conhecimento científico é efetivamente aplicado no acompanhamento de recém-nascidos muito pré-termo, usando metodologias quantitativas e qualitativas. Em Portugal, o estudo integra todas as unidades públicas de obstetrícia e neonatologia da região Norte e de Lisboa e Vale do Tejo (LVT), bem como três unidades privadas de LVT. Os procedimentos do estudo (recrutamento e questionários) foram testados em quatro unidades hospitalares da região Norte de Portugal, através da recolha de informação do processo clínico de 21 nados-vivos, entre maio e dezembro de 2010, sobre a gravidez e os cuidados pré-natais, o parto, os cuidados neonatais e a alta hospitalar, usando um formulário estruturado. O estudo piloto permitiu testar o instrumento de recolha de dados e verificar que, em geral, a informação registada nos processos era suficiente para assegurar a implementação do projeto EPICE em Portugal. O recrutamento da coorte EPICE-Portugal decorreu entre 1 de junho de 2011 e 31 de maio de 2012, tendo sido identificados 724 nados-vivos muito pré-termo, bem como 95 interrupções médicas da gravidez e 155 mortes fetais com idade gestacional entre as 22+0 e as 31+6 semanas de gestação. Dos 724 nados-vivos, 607 tiveram alta hospitalar, tendo sido obtidos 544 (89,6%) consentimentos para as avaliações de seguimento. Abstract in english In the last decades, the improvement of antenatal and neonatal care led to a continued decrease in perinatal and infant morbidity and mortality, particularly for very preterm infants. However, there is a great variability in medical procedures and interventions across health units, both at national [...] and international levels, which can result in avoidable inequalities in health outcomes. This study intends to describe (1) the European project “Effective Perinatal Intensive Care in Europe” (EPICE), designed to identify and understand such variation; (2) the pilot study conducted in the Northern Region of Portugal to test the protocol and the questionnaire for data collection and (3) the recruitment and final sample of the EPICE-Portugal cohort. The EPICE project includes 19 regions from 11 EU Member states and aims to explore how scientific knowledge is effectively applied to monitor very preterm infants, using both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. In Portugal, this study involves all the public maternity and neonatal intensive care units from Northern and Lisbon and Tagus Valley (LVT) regions, along with 3 private units from LVT. The study procedures (recruitment and questionnaires) were tested in 4 hospitals in the Northern region of Portugal, by collecting information from the clinical records of 21 live births, born between May and December 2010. Data on pregnancy and prenatal care, childbirth, neonatal care and discharge was collected using a structured questionnaire. The pilot study tested data collection instruments and showed that, in general, the information documented in clinical records was enough to answer the questionnaire items, guaranteeing the feasibility of the EPICE pr
Estudo da morbidade e da mortalidade perinatal em maternidades: II - mortalidade perinatal segundo peso ao nascer, idade materna, assistÃªncia prÃ©-natal e hÃ¡bito de fumar da mÃ£e A study of perinatal morbidity and mortality in maternity hospitals: II - perinatal mortality according to birth weight, maternal age, prenatal care and maternal smoking
Full Text Available Analisa-se a influÃªncia de variÃ¡veis como peso ao nascer, idade materna, assistÃªncia prÃ©-natal e tabagismo materno. Do estudo dos 12.999 nascimentos (vivos e mortos ocorridos em nove maternidades no perÃodo de um ano, verificou-se que a mortalidade perinatal Ã© muito maior para os recÃ©m-nascidos de baixo peso (665,3 â€° para peso atÃ© 1.500 g, diminuindo Ã medida que aumenta o peso ao nascer. TambÃ©m nos casos de mÃ£es jovens (menores de 15 anos ou mÃ£es com idade superior a 35 anos esse coeficiente foi mais elevado (45,5 â€° para mÃ£es com menos de 15 anos e 47,0 â€° para mÃ£es entre 35 a 39 anos. A faixa imediatamente superior - 40 a 44 anos - apresentou a mais alta mortalidade perinatal: 61,3 â€° nascidos vivos e nascidos mortos. O nÃºmero de consultas realizadas no prÃ©-natal tem importÃ¢ncia para a diminuiÃ§Ã£o da gestaÃ§Ã£o de alto risco. MÃ£es que fizeram 7 ou mais consultas no prÃ©-natal tiveram a menor mortalidade no perÃodo (17,7â€° nascidos vivos e nascidos mortos. JÃ¡ o hÃ¡bito materno de fumar influencia a mortalidade quando a quantidade Ã© de mais de 10 cigarros por dia. A mortalidade perinatal dos produtos de mÃ£es que fumavam menos de 10 cigarros por dia nÃ£o diferiu das taxas de mortalidade para as mÃ£es nÃ£o-fumantes.The influence of birth weight, maternal age, prenatal care and smoking during pregnancy are analysed. Of 12,999 births (live and stillbirths ocurring in nine maternity hospitals during one year, the greatest perinatal mortality rate (PM was that of low birth weight babies (665.3 â€° for those weighing less than 1,500 g. The PM decreases with increasing weight. Young mothers (less than 15 years of age and women aged 35 or more also had higher Perinatal Mortality rates - 45.5 â€° for the former and 47.0 â€° for the latter. Prenatal care is important for the decrease of high risk in pregnancy. Mothers who had made 7 or more consultations during pregnancy had the lowest PM (17.7 â€° live and stillbirths. Smoking during pregnancy has an influence only when women smoke more than 10 cigarettes a day. Perinatal mortality for babies whose mothers smoked less than 10 cigarettes a day is not different from non-smoking women.
Seo, Geom Seog
Since inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic and relapsing disorder, maintaining high quality of care plays an important role in the management of patients with IBD. To develop process-based quality indicator set to improve quality of care, the indicator should be based directly on evidence and consensus. Initially, ImproveCareNow group demonstrated quality improvement by learning how to apply quality improvement methods to improve the care of pediatric patients with IBD. The American Gastroenterological Association has developed adult IBD physician performance measures set and Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America (CCFA) has developed a set of ten most highly rated process and outcome measures. Recently, The Emerging Practice in IBD Collaborative (EPIC) group generated defining quality indicators for best-practice management of IBD in Canada. Quality of Care through the Patient's Eyes (QUOTE-IBD) was developed as a questionnaire to measure quality of care through the eyes of patients with IBD, and it is widely used in European countries. The current concept of quality of care as well as quality indicator will be discussed in this article. PMID:25797376
Guillermo Hernández G
Full Text Available The biomedical model has successfully reduced mother and child mortality and diseases during the labor and puerperal period. In the perinatal period, the mother and her offspring can also have psychosocial problems, that have been insufficiently studied and that we propose considering. Based on neurobiological information, on bonding theory and on a focus change in the everyday work of human behavior experts in maternity hospitals, we propose that perinatal mental health should have an important place and can be harmoniously articulated with the biomedical model. This mental health work should aim at generating safe mother-child bonds. It should be maintained Thereafter through social networks to prevent child abuse, to promote healthy development and to prevent psychopathology. We review some of the programs carried out in the ten year period in which we have worked as a mental health team in the maternity ward of a public hospital in Santiago, Chile (Rev Méd Chile 2000; 128: 1283-89
The purpose of this article is to discuss the quality assessment mechanisms for monitoring the implementation of managed care. The clinical indicators and practice guidelines that direct the monitoring process are described on the national and state level. New directions for monitoring managed care as a delivery system for vulnerable populations in terms of quality of services is addressed.
Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to discuss the quality assessment mechanisms for monitoring the implementation of managed care. The clinical indicators and practice guidelines that direct the monitoring process are described on the national and state level. New directions for monitoring managed care as a delivery system for vulnerable populations in terms of quality of services is addressed.
Brinkmann, A; Braun, J P; Riessen, R; Dubb, R; Kaltwasser, A; Bingold, T M
Intensive care medicine (ICM) is characterized by a high degree of complexity and requires intense communication and collaboration on interdisciplinary and multiprofessional levels. In order to achieve good quality of care in this environment and to prevent errors, a proactive quality and error management as well as a structured quality assurance system are essential. Since the early 1990s, German intensive care societies have developed concepts for quality management and assurance in ICM. In 2006, intensive care networks were founded in different states to support the implementation of evidence-based knowledge into clinical routine and to improve medical outcome, efficacy, and efficiency in ICM. Current instruments and concepts of quality assurance in German ICM include core intensive care data from the data registry DIVI REVERSI, quality indicators, peer review in intensive care, IQM peer review, and various certification processes. The first version of German ICM quality indicators was published in 2010 by an interdisciplinary and interprofessional expert commission. Key figures, indicators, and national benchmarks are intended to describe the quality of structures, processes, and outcomes in intensive care. Many of the quality assurance tools have proved to be useful in clinical practice, but nationwide implementation still can be improved. PMID:26497132
Full Text Available -Quality Assessment in the Primary care Dear Editor; I have read the article titled as “Implementation of Rogi Kalyan Samiti (RKS at Primary Health Centre Durvesh” with great interest. Shrivastava et all concluded that assessment mechanism for the achievement of objectives for the suggested RKS model was not successful (1. Hereby I would like to emphasize the importance of quality assessment (QA especially in the era of newly established primary care implementations in our country. Promotion of quality has been fundamental part of primary care health services. Nevertheless variations in quality of care exist even in the developed countries. Accomplishment of quality in the primary care has some barriers like administration and directorial factors, absence of evidence-based medicine practice lack of continuous medical education. Quality of health care is no doubt multifaceted model that covers all components of health structures and processes of care. Quality in the primary care set up includes patient physician relationship, immunization, maternal, adolescent, adult and geriatric health care, referral, non-communicable disease management and prescribing (2. Most countries are recently beginning the implementation of quality assessments in all walks of healthcare. Organizations like European society for quality and safety in family practice (EQuiP endeavor to accomplish quality by collaboration. There are reported developments and experiments related to the methodology, processes and outcomes of quality assessments of health care. Quality assessments will not only contribute the accomplishment of the program / project but also detect the areas where obstacles also exist. In order to speed up the adoption of QA and to circumvent the occurrence of mistakes, health policy makers and family physicians from different parts of the world should share their experiences. Consensus on quality in preventive medicine implementations can help to yield helpful developments. Because “primary care helps prevent illness and death” (3, 4. References 1.Shrivastava SR, Bobhate PS. Implementation of Rogi Kalyan Samiti (RKS at Primary Health Centre Durvesh (2009 – 2010. TAF Prev Med Bull. (2012, 11(3: 307-314 2.Akturk Z, Set T. Quality in Family Practice: Opportunities and Tools Ready for Application. Turkish Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care. 2010; 4(1:1-7. 3.Grol R, Baker R, Wensing M. Quality Assurance in General Practice: the State of the Art in Europe Family Practice 1994. Volume 11,Issue 4 p 460-467 4.Starfield B, Leiyu S, Macinko J. Contribution of Primary Care to Health Systems and Health. The Milbank Quarterly. 2005; 83(3:457-502. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2013; 12(2.000: 217-218
Quality control in perinatal education is imperative, with the purpose to deliver a high quality and appropriate healthcare service to the family in the perinatal period. The purpose of this study was to develop valid standards for perinatal education in South Africa.
The purpose of these efforts, substantially supported by the Applied Research Program, is to enhance the state of the science on the quality of cancer care and inform federal and private-sector decision making on care delivery, coverage, regulation, and standard setting. Work is underway to make cancer a working model for quality of care research and the translation of this research into practice.
Jakobsen, Erik Winther; Green, Anders; Oesterlind, Kell; Rasmussen, Torben Riis; Iachina, Maria; Palshof, Torben
To improve prognosis and quality of lung cancer care the Danish Lung Cancer Group has developed a strategy consisting of national clinical guidelines and a clinical quality and research database. The first edition of our guidelines was published in 1998 and our national lung cancer registry was opened for registrations in 2000. This article describes methods and results obtained by multidisciplinary collaboration and illustrates how quality of lung cancer care can be improved by establishing and...
Mosadeghrad, Ali Mohammad
Despite extensive research on defining and measuring health care quality, little attention has been given to different stakeholders’ perspectives of high-quality health care services. The main purpose of this study was to explore the attributes of quality healthcare in the Iranian context. Exploratory in-depth individual and focus group interviews were conducted with key healthcare stakeholders including clients, providers, managers, policy makers, payers, suppliers and accreditation panel me...
Jakobsen, Erik Winther; Green, Anders; Oesterlind, Kell; Rasmussen, Torben Riis; Iachina, Maria; Palshof, Torben
To improve prognosis and quality of lung cancer care the Danish Lung Cancer Group has developed a strategy consisting of national clinical guidelines and a clinical quality and research database. The first edition of our guidelines was published in 1998 and our national lung cancer registry was...... opened for registrations in 2000. This article describes methods and results obtained by multidisciplinary collaboration and illustrates how quality of lung cancer care can be improved by establishing and monitoring result and process indicators....
Pai, Madhukar; Satyanarayana, Srinath; Hopewell, Phil
In India, the quality of care that tuberculosis (TB) patients receive varies considerably and is often not in accordance with the national and international standards. In this article, we provide an overview of the third (latest) edition of the International Standards of Tuberculosis Care (ISTC). These standards are supported by the existing World Health Organization guidelines and policy statements pertaining to TB care and have been endorsed by a number of international organizations. We call upon all health care providers in the country to practice TB care that is consistent with these standards, as well as the upcoming Standards for TB Care in India (STCI). PMID:24640340
Zeller, Janice M; Lamb, Karen
Quality of long-term care has been the focus of 2 recent Institute of Medicine reports: "Improving the Quality of Long-Term Care"(1) and "Improving the Quality of Care in Nursing Homes."(2) Although there has been some improvement in care quality since regulatory reforms were enacted in 1987,(3) poor care persists.(4) Certified nursing assistants (CNAs) are challenged in the provision of optimal care by chronic stress in the workplace, leading to absenteeism, reduced job satisfaction, and increased turnover.(5-7) Mindfulness training, which cultivates a practice of being present in the moment, recognizing stressful situations when they arise, and responding to stress in an adaptive manner,(8) holds promise as a simple, inexpensive approach to reduce CNA stress and improve quality of care and quality of life for residents in long-term care settings. Formal and informal mindfulness practices can readily be incorporated into CNA educational programs. PMID:21239085
Jensen, Hanne Irene; Gerritsen, Rik T; Koopmans, Matty; Zijlstra, Jan G; Curtis, Jared Randall; Ørding, Helle
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to adapt and provide preliminary validation for questionnaires evaluating families' experiences of quality of care for critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study took place in 2 European ICUs. Based on literature and qualitative interviews, we adapted 2 previously validated North American questionnaires: "Family Satisfaction with the ICU" and "Quality of Dying and Death." Family members were asked to assess rel...
PROBLEM STATEMENT: As part of a quality improvement project a WHO Safe Motherhood Needs Assessment (SMNA) was performed at the SMRU clinic in Mae La refugee camp. OBJECTIVES: To describe availability, use and quality of perinatal care and to identify gaps in the provision of care. METHODS: Facility observations, record reviews, staff interviews and observations of deliveries were conducted using SMNA instruments with locally adapted structured survey forms. FINDINGS: Availability of appropria...
Guillermo, Hernández G; Mónica, Kimelman J; Olga, Montino R.
Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english The biomedical model has successfully reduced mother and child mortality and diseases during the labor and puerperal period. In the perinatal period, the mother and her offspring can also have psychosocial problems, that have been insufficiently studied and that we propose considering. Based on neur [...] obiological information, on bonding theory and on a focus change in the everyday work of human behavior experts in maternity hospitals, we propose that perinatal mental health should have an important place and can be harmoniously articulated with the biomedical model. This mental health work should aim at generating safe mother-child bonds. It should be maintained Thereafter through social networks to prevent child abuse, to promote healthy development and to prevent psychopathology. We review some of the programs carried out in the ten year period in which we have worked as a mental health team in the maternity ward of a public hospital in Santiago, Chile (Rev Méd Chile 2000; 128: 1283-89)
Karuga Robinson N
Full Text Available Abstract Background The rising rates of primary caesarean section have resulted in a larger obstetric population with scarred uteri. Subsequent pregnancies in these women are risk-prone and may complicate. Besides ensuring standardised management, care pathways could be used to evaluate for perinatal outcomes in these high risk pregnancies. We aim to demonstrate the use of a care pathway for vaginal birth after caesarean section as a service evaluation tool to determine perinatal outcomes. Methods A retrospective service evaluation by review of delivery case notes and records was undertaken at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya between January 2008 and December 2009 Women with ?2 previous caesarean sections, previous classical caesarean section, multiple gestation, breech presentation, severe pre-eclampsia, transverse lie, placenta praevia, conditions requiring induction of labour and incomplete records were excluded. Outcome measures included the proportion of eligible women who opted for test of scar (ToS, success rate of vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC; proportion on women opting for elective repeat caesarean section (ERCS and their perinatal outcomes. Results A total of 215 women with one previous caesarean section were followed up using a standard care pathway. The median parity (minimum-maximum was 1.01234. The other demographic characteristics were comparable. Only 44.6% of eligible mothers opted to have a ToS. The success rate for VBAC was 49.4% with the commonest (31.8% reason for failure being protracted active phase of labour. Maternal morbidity was comparable for the failed and successful VBAC group. The incidence of hemorrhage was 2.3% and 4.4% for the successful and failed VBAC groups respectively. The proportion of babies with acidotic arterial PH ( Conclusions Besides ensuring standardised management, care pathways could be objective audit and service evaluation tools for determining perinatal outcomes.
Cormick Gabriela; Kim Natalie A; Rodgers Ashlei; Gibbons Luz; Buekens Pierre M; Belizán José M; Althabe Fernando
Abstract Background Mobile health (mHealth) is emerging as a useful tool to improve healthcare access especially in the developing world, where limited access to health services is linked to poor antenatal care, and maternal and perinatal mortality. The objective of this study is to 1) understand pregnant women’s access and usage of cell phones and 2) survey the health information needs and interests in a population attending public hospitals and health centers of two cities in Argentina. Thi...
Anshula Neeraj Deshpande
Full Text Available Context: Gynecologists the Primary Health Care providers, for pregnant mothers bear the unique responsibility to detect and diagnose oral health problems for timely and effective interventions. Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the impact of Perinatal Oral Health Care (POHC education program on the knowledge, attitude and practice behavior amongst Gynaecologists of Vadodara City. Settings and Design: An analytical cross sectional study was conducted amongst Gynecologists practicing in Vadodara city, registered under Indian Medical Association (IMA, Baroda, Gujarat. Materials and Methods: A validated questionnaire survey was conducted to establish a baseline level of knowledge, attitude and practice behavior of 46 Gynecologists. After that education and awareness regarding POHC to Gynecologists was provided with the help of flip charts and resource brochures. To determine the impact of recent provision of education and awareness a post-test was conducted. Statistical analysis used: Data was analyzed by paired t-test using the SPSS Version 20. Results: The results after evaluating the data from pretest and posttest showed a mean increase of correct answers in knowledge (from 7.304-9.891; P = 0.00, Attitude (from 3.978-4.108; P = 0.49 and practice behavior (from 4.130-5.521; P = 0.00 in POHC amongst Gynecologists following the education program. Conclusions: It can be concluded that there is a need for provision of education and awareness to the primary health care providers which would help in improving pregnant women and infant?s oral health status along with establishment of dental home.
At the beginning of the 21st century, the familiar biomedical health care "culture" must accommodate not only persons from diverse cultures, but also diverse systems of care. For perhaps the first time in over a century, biomedicine must accommodate others rather than require them to assimilate into its "culture." This fundamental shift requires nurses to move quickly to develop cultural competency as individuals and to provide leadership for this system-wide change. Such competence is import...
Child Trends, 2010
This paper presents a profile of Oregon's Child Care Quality Indicators Program prepared as part of the Child Care Quality Rating System (QRS) Assessment Study. The profile consists of several sections and their corresponding descriptions including: (1) Program Information; (2) Rating Details; (3) Quality Indicators for Center-Based Programs; (4)…
Full Text Available The article presents informations on birth population and policy change in China, along with data on neonatal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, covering four decades. Care standard and cost-effectiveness are also analyzed, highlighting the measures that significantly improved general and specified maternal and infant care, and established modern perinatal care system. Moreover, results from multicenter studies – through nation-wide or province-wide collaborative NICU network for respiratory diseases – are reported. Development of neonatal-perinatal care in China is representative in its transition over more than 3 decades from a poor condition into a modernized one. Public health care policy and professionally integrated service mode played pivotal roles, whereas social economic and cultural factors play either synergistic or detrimental roles for such a transition. The progress in Chinese neonatal-perinatal care is also influenced by international collaboration and exchange, and in a sense followed right the foot-print of international pioneers and their colleagues. In foreseeable future, many Chinese perinatal and neonatal centers would actively participate in international collaborations aiming at improving not only domestic but developing country neonatal-perinatal care as a whole. Proceedings of the 11th International Workshop on Neonatology and Satellite Meetings · Cagliari (Italy · October 26th-31st, 2015 · From the womb to the adultGuest Editors: Vassilios Fanos (Cagliari, Italy, Michele Mussap (Genoa, Italy, Antonio Del Vecchio (Bari, Italy, Bo Sun (Shanghai, China, Dorret I. Boomsma (Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Gavino Faa (Cagliari, Italy, Antonio Giordano (Philadelphia, USA
Full Text Available At the beginning of the 21st century, the familiar biomedical health care "culture" must accommodate not only persons from diverse cultures, but also diverse systems of care. For perhaps the first time in over a century, biomedicine must accommodate others rather than require them to assimilate into its "culture." This fundamental shift requires nurses to move quickly to develop cultural competency as individuals and to provide leadership for this system-wide change. Such competence is important when using complementary and alternative modalities. This article addresses America’s experience with diversity and its legacy in today’s health indicators; it explores cultural competency and its achievement at the individual and system levels; and it discusses the use of complementary and alternative treatments that are a part of this health care "revolution." Nurses are challenged to shape this reform as did the founder of modern nursing 150 years ago.
Pilar Isla Pera
Full Text Available Pilar Isla PeraDepartment of Public Health Nursing, Mental and Mother and Child Health, University of Barcelona, SpainBackground: The aim of this research was to characterize the experience of living with diabetes mellitus (DM and identify patients’ opinions of the quality of care received and the results of interventions.Methods: A descriptive, exploratory evaluation study using qualitative methodology was performed. Participants consisted of 40 adult patients diagnosed with DM and followed up in a public hospital in Barcelona, Spain. A semistructured interview and a focus group were used and a thematic content analysis was performed.Results: Patients described DM as a disease that is difficult to control and that provokes lifestyle changes requiring effort and sacrifice. Insulin treatment increased the perception of disease severity. The most frequent and dreaded complication was hypoglycemia. The main problems perceived by patients affecting the quality of care were related to a disease-centered medical approach, lack of information, limited participation in decision-making, and the administrative and bureaucratic problems of the health care system.Conclusion: The bureaucratic circuits of the health care system impair patients’ quality of life and perceived quality of care. Health professionals should foster patient participation in decision-making. However, this requires not only training and appropriate attitudes, but also adequate staffing and materials.Keywords: diabetes mellitus, health care quality, quality of life, qualitative research
Antenatal care packages with reduced visits and perinatal mortality: a secondary analysis of the WHO antenatal care trial - Comentary: routine antenatal visits for healthy pregnant women do make a difference
Hofmeyr, G Justus; Hodnett, Ellen D.
The practice and timing of routine antenatal visits for healthy pregnant women, introduced arbitrarily and without evidence of effectiveness, have become entrenched in obstetric practice over the last century. In 2001 the large, cluster randomized WHO Antenatal Care Trial concluded that a goal-orientated package of antenatal care with reduced visits seemed not to affect maternal and perinatal outcomes. The reduced visit package has been implemented in several countries. The current re-analysi...
Jelin, Angie C.; Thiet, Mari-Paule
Fetal or neonatal brain injury can result in lifelong neurologic disability. The most significant risk factor for perinatal brain injury is prematurity; however, in absolute numbers, full-term infants represent the majority of affected children. Research on strategies to prevent or mitigate the impact of perinatal brain injury (“perinatal neuroprotection”) has established the mitigating roles of magnesium sulfate administration for preterm infants and therapeutic hypothermia for term infants with suspected perinatal brain injury. Banked umbilical cord blood, erythropoietin, and a number of other agents that may improve neuronal repair show promise for improving outcomes following perinatal brain injury in animal models. Other preventative strategies include delayed umbilical cord clamping in preterm infants and progesterone in women with prior preterm birth or short cervix and avoidance of infections. Despite these advances, we have not successfully decreased the rate of preterm birth, nor are we able to predict term infants at risk of hypoxic brain injury in order to intervene prior to the hypoxic event. Further, we lack the ability to modulate the sequelae of neuronal cell insults or the ability to repair brain injury after it has been sustained. As a consequence, despite exciting advances in the field of perinatal neuroprotection, perinatal brain injury still impacts thousands of newborns each year with significant long-term morbidity and mortality. PMID:24592318
Full Text Available Abstract Background Current Iranian perinatal statistics indicate that maternity care continues to need improvement. In response, we implemented a multi-faceted intervention to improve the quality of maternity care at an Iranian Social Security Hospital. Using a before-and-after design our aim was to improve the uptake of selected evidence based practices and more closely attend to identified women's needs and preferences. Methods The major steps of the study were to (1 identify women's needs, values and preferences via interviews, (2 select through a process of professional consensus the top evidence-based clinical recommendations requiring local implementation (3 redesign care based on the selected evidence-based recommendations and women's views, and (4 implement the new care model. We measured the impact of the new care model on maternal satisfaction and caesarean birth rates utilising maternal surveys and medical record audit before and after implementation of the new care model. Results Twenty women's needs and requirements as well as ten evidence-based clinical recommendations were selected as a basis for improving care. Following the introduction of the new model of care, women's satisfaction levels improved significantly on 16 of 20 items (p Conclusion The introduction of a quality improvement care model improved compliance with evidence-based guidelines and was associated with an improvement in women's satisfaction levels and a reduction in rates of caesarean birth.
Guillain, H; Raetzo, M A
Quality of care is growing concern among health care professionals and managers. As a multidimensional concept, it cannot be reduced to simple customer satisfaction. Taking into account the views of the three major players in the health care system-patients, providers and payers-quality can be defined as the capacity to satisfy patients' needs according to professional knowledge and within available resources. Efficacy, efficiency, appropriateness, acceptability, legitimacy and equity are dimensions of health care quality. Contrary to popular belief, quality is neither maximum performance, nor satisfaction at all costs, nor punishment or elimination of "bad apples". In ambulatory medicine, quality implies first of all the ability to master the processes occurring during an office visit. However, although history taking and physical examination are the cornerstones of medical practice, they have not been well studied. Improving quality of care in the ambulatory sector will require better knowledge about medical decision-making processes, in particular identification of the most relevant information required for a decision and the optimal way of obtaining it in any specific clinical situation. PMID:9190666
Lobdell, K; Camp, S., de; Stamou, S.; Swanson, R.; Reames, M; Madjarov, J; Stiegel, R; Skipper, E; Geller, R; Velardo, B; Mishra, A.(Indian Institute of Technology, Indore, India (IITI)); F. Robicsek
Our quality improvement program began in 2004 to improve cardiac surgery outcomes. Early tracheal extubation in the cardiovascular intensive unit was utilized as a multidisciplinary driver for the quality improvement program. Continuous improvement in the rate of early extubation to drive multidisciplinary quality improvement in cardiac critical care correlated with decreased mortality, morbidity, and improved operational efficiency. Supportive educational efforts included, but were not limit...
Vollaard, Hans; van de Bovenkamp, Hester M.; VrangbÃ¦k, Karsten
initiatives regarding the quality systems of the Member States and the quality of services, this paper shows how the depth of EU interference has increased from sharing information to standardization and even to the first signs of enforcement. We argue that at this stage, reflection on the feasibility and...... involvement in healthcare policy over the last twenty years. Based on interviews and document and literature analysis we show that the scope of EU involvement has widened from public health and access to care, to quality of care. In this paper we concentrate on the latter. Focusing on the recent EU...... desirability of the EU's involvement is clearly needed, also considering the differences in quality of care policies between and within EU Member States. Both arguments in favour and against further EU involvement are discussed in this paper...
Aleksandra Korzeniewska-Eksterowicz; Maria Respondek-Liberska; ?ukasz Przys?o; Wojciech Fendler; Wojciech M?ynarski; Ewa Gulczy?ska
Objective. To identify barriers and personnel attitudes towards realization of palliative care principles in neonatological units. Study Design. An anonymous questionnaire was posted to all heads of departments and head nurses of all the 27 neonatological units in the Lodz area. Results. We received 46 (85%) questionnaires. Final analysis comprised 42 properly filled-in questionnaires (by 22 doctors and 20 nurses). In case of prenatal diagnosis of a lethal defect, 77.27% of doctors and 65% of...
Roberts, James S.
Rapid and substantial change in our health care system has prompted careful analysis of the quality of health care and the effectiveness of the methods used to review and improve quality. Although welcome, those applying this scrutiny must recognize that improvement in the quality of health care will take the concerted and cooperative efforts of health policymakers, health care practitioners, health care organizations, consumers of care, purchasers of care, and those organizations that define...
Faller, H S
The Hill People of Laos in Southeast Asia, who are called the Hmong, are from a primitive culture which has had a written language for only 31 years. By 1980, about 3,000 of them were living in Colorado, one of 9 States to which they had migrated. In an effort to determine whether or not local health care service was accessible and acceptable to child-bearing families, a pilot survey was conducted in the Denver area. The survey consisted of interviews of the Hmong women themselves and questio...
Harris, Amy A
Pregnancy is a critical time for women struggling with disordered eating and weight concerns. For the majority of women with eating disorders, symptoms improve during pregnancy. Other women, particularly those with either subclinical or binge eating disorders, are at risk for an escalation of pathologic behaviors, putting both mother and fetus at risk for negative birth outcomes. Routinely screening for eating disorders will help identify those women who will most benefit from specialized care. Attention must be paid to possible harmful comorbid behaviors found in women with eating disorders, such as smoking, alcohol use, abusing laxatives or herbal supplements, and self-injurious behavior. This article reviews the mixed research findings of the impact of eating disorders upon pregnancy and identifies key times in prenatal care where nutritional counseling and specific interventions will increase the likelihood of positive pregnancy outcomes. The postpartum period is another critical time for provider intervention that may lower women's risks for eating disorder relapse, postpartum depression, and breastfeeding difficulties. PMID:20974420
Muzik, Maria; Borovska, Stefana
Perinatal depression is common and primary care holds a crucial role for detecting, treating or, if necessary, providing referrals to mental health care for affected women. Family doctors should be aware of risk factors for peripartum depression, including previous history of depression, life events and interpersonal conflict. Perinatal depression has been associated with many poor outcomes, including maternal, child and family unit challenges. Infants and young children of perinatally depres...
Full Text Available Objective: Mortality of very low birth weight premature infants is of great public health concern. To better guide local intervention program, it is essential that current and reliable statistics be collected to understand the factors associated with mortality of these infants.Methods: Data of very low birth weight premature infants admitted to a neonatal unit during 2002-2009 was retrospectively collected. Changes in perinatal care between two halves of the study period (2002-2005 and 2006-2009 were identified. Factors associated with in-hospital mortality were found by logistic regression and a predictive score model was established.Findings: A total of 475 cases were enrolled. In-hospital mortality decreased from 29.8% in 2002-2005 to 28.1% in 2006-2009 (P>0.05. More infants born<28 gestational weeks survived to discharge in the latter epoch (38.1% vs 8.3%, P<0.05. Persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn, pulmonary hemorrhage,birth weight <000 grams, gestational age <33 weeks, feeding before 3 postnatal days and enteral feeding were found predictors of in-hospital mortality by logistic regression. The discriminating ability of the predictivemodel was 82.4% and the cutoff point was -0.56.Conclusion: Survival of very low birth weight premature neonates was not significantly improved in 2006-2009 than 2002-2005. Infants with a score higher than -0.56 were assessed to be at high risk of in-hospital mortality. Multi-center studies of planned follow-up are needed to develop a comprehensive and applicable score system.
Affonso, Dyanne D.; Korenbrot, Carol C.; De, Anindya K.; Mayberry, Linda J.
PURPOSE. This study examines whether psychosocial perinatal care services developed through community partnerships and cultural deference with attention to individual women's health issues, had an assocaited impact on use of prenatal care, birth outcomes and perinatal care costs for the three participating Asian Pacific Islander American ethinc groups. METHODS. The use of prenatal care visits and birth outcomes for women in the Malama program were compared to those for women of the same etnic groups in the community prior to the introduction of the program. Data on program participants from 1992 to 1994 were compared to birth certificate data on Hawaiian, Filipino and Japanese women from 1988 to 1991. Costs of providing Malama prenatal services were determined from data provided by cost accounting and encounter data systems for the program. SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT FINDINGS. The use of prenatal care visits and birth outcomes were significantly lower for Malama program participants than for women of the same ethnic groups prior to the introduction of the program. The costs of the prenatal program services were $846 to $920 per woman. The expected savings in medical costs per infant with the improved preterm birth rates were $680 per infant. Thus 75% to 80% of the costs of the services were likely to be saved in lower medical costs of the infants. MAJOR CONCLUSIONS. Programs that use community approaches and caring servies delivered in a cultural context, like the Malama model, have a potential for improving the use of prenatal care and birth outcomes at reasonable costs. RELEVANCE TO ASIAN PACIFIC ISLANDER AMERICAN POPULATIONS. The Malama approach to ascertaining cultural preferences for the content and delivery of care should prove useful in addressing public health goals of improved pregnancy outcomes for diverse groups of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. KEY WORDS. Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, pregnancy, prenatal care, low birthweight, preterm birth, cultural competency, community partnerships, costs, cost effectiveness. PMID:11567478
Fullerton, Birgit; Nolte, Ellen; Erler, Antje
Over the last ten years changes in the legal framework of the German health care system have promoted the development of new health service models to improve chronic care. Recent innovations include the nation-wide introduction of disease management programmes (DMPs), integrated care contracts, community nurse programmes, the introduction of General Practitioner (GP)-centred care contracts, and new opportunities to offer interdisciplinary outpatient care in polyclinics. The aim of this article is to describe the recent developments regarding both the implementation of new health care models by statutory health insurance companies and their evaluation. As part of a European project on the development and validation of disease management evaluation methods (DISMEVAL), we carried out a selective literature search to identify relevant models and evaluation studies. However, on the basis of the currently available evaluation and study results it is difficult to judge whether these developments have actually led to an improvement in the quality of chronic care in Germany. Only for DMPs, evaluation is legally mandatory; its methods are inappropriate, though, for studying the effectiveness of DMPs. Further study results on the effectiveness of DMPs mostly focus on the DMP Diabetes mellitus type II and show consistent improvements regarding process parameters such as regular routine examinations, adherence to treatment guidelines, and quality of life. More research will be needed to determine whether DMPs can also help reduce the incidence of secondary disease and mortality in the long term. PMID:22142877
Virya Koy; Jintana Yunibhand; Yupin Angsuroch
The purpose of this paper is to provide a clear definition of nursing care quality that contributes to the formulation, application, and measurement of quality nursing outcomes for patients, organisations, and nursing staff. It also indicates the manner in which, by using the definition, empirically based operational definitions can be developed for different operational environments and settings. The study employed a concept analysis methodology to extract terms, attributes, antecedents, and...
Kart, Cary S.; Manard, Barbara B.
This paper looks at the complexity of the "quality-of-care" issue and discusses five characteristics which investigators have suggested for identifying a good old age institution (OAI): ownership, size of facility, socioeconomic status of facility, social integration, and "professionalism" of staff. (Author)
Despite relatively generous coverage of the over-65 population, Danish home help services receive regular criticism in the media and public opinion polls. Perhaps as a consequence, reforms of Danish home care policy for senior citizens have placed strong emphasis on quality since the 1990s. This...... increase the overall quality of care by increasing the transparency at the political, administrative and user levels. However, reforms have revolved around conflicting principles of standardisation and the individualisation of care provision and primarily succeeded in increasing the political and ad...... reform strategy represents a shift from the welfare state modernisation program of the 1980s, which built mainly on economic strategies of cost-efficiency and New Public Management (NPM) princi-ples, including contract management and performance management. Recent reforms have instead attempted to...
Jensen, Hanne Irene; Gerritsen, Rik T; Koopmans, Matty; Zijlstra, Jan G; Curtis, Jared Randall; Ã˜rding, Helle
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to adapt and provide preliminary validation for questionnaires evaluating families' experiences of quality of care for critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study took place in 2 European ICUs. Based on literature...... and qualitative interviews, we adapted 2 previously validated North American questionnaires: "Family Satisfaction with the ICU" and "Quality of Dying and Death." Family members were asked to assess relevance and understandability of each question. Validation also included test-retest reliability and......%-1%). Test-retest reliability showed a median weighted Îº of 0.69 (0.53-0.83). Validation showed significant correlation between total scores and key questions. CONCLUSIONS: The questions were assessed as relevant and understandable, providing high face and content validity. Ceiling effects were comparable to...
Full Text Available Background: Quality of services provided by health care provider, the closest health functionary to the community has impact on neonatal mortality. Aims: Study on quality of newborn care in rural areas. Settings and Design: This is a prospective study in the field practice areas of J.N. Medical College and areas under primary health centre of public health care system in Wardha district. Methods and Material: Modified quality check list on the basis of PHC MAP module guidelines for assessing the quality of service-module 6-user’s guide was prepared. Face to face interview with 205 (group-A/104 nos + group-B/101 nos mother of newborn was method to collected information in three postnatal visits. Statistical analysis: Quality (verbal response of each service was quantified as acceptable, average and worst. Quality of both the groups was compared by calculating P-value after utilizing Z-test. Results: Over all acceptable quality of medical history was 30.03%, physical examination was 21.73%, preventive service was 91.17% and counseling was 24.83%. Significant difference between two groups were found on history taking for (cry, breathing and body movement of baby, recording weight and counseling regarding exclusive breast feeding for first 6 month of life. Worst quality in this study were observed in history for anything applying to eyes, umbilical cord stump and complication of baby for which appropriate management was taken. Except for weight recording and examination of head and fontanels all other variables under physical examination were not acceptable. Counseling regarding high risk condition of baby was only 13.66%. Conclusion: Existing newborn services except immunization is inadequate and needs to be strengthened especially physical examination and counseling services.
Bose, Gopal Nambi Subash Chandra
Background: Perinatal depression is a major public health problem, affecting up to a quarter of all pregnant women in rural Asean countries and often leads to psychologic symptoms, lower quality of life, and higher health care costs. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of supervised physical exercise on depression level of perinatal subjects. Subjects/Intervention: 60 subjects who fulfill the selection criteria were randomly assigned to exercise (Group-1, n=30) and control grou...
KAVANAUGH, KAREN; ROBERTSON, PAMELA A.
To date, investigators have not demonstrated a clear relationship between a parent’s history of prior perinatal losses and intensity of grief response following a subsequent perinatal loss. Examining this relationship for low-income, African-American parents is important because they are a vulnerable population due to the high incidence of perinatal mortality in Blacks and their other life stressors that can impact on grief response and caring needs. The purpose of this case study was to exam...
Romero Cabrera, Daniel
Nowadays the quality of care has become a key piece in medical assistance. Apart from doing things correctly we should have an objective knowledge of the opinion of the user That opinion could be known thanks to the analysis of the perceived quality care from the patient. From October to December of 2008 a descriptive, transversal and retrospective research has been developed in a resuscitation unit at a third level hospital of the Community of Madrid. This research has been for all the registrations to the service, through the Servqhos questionnaire. The aims of the research were to evaluate the quality perceived at the resuscitation unit; to know the profile of the patient treated and to identify the possible improvements and problems as well. The patients were anonymous and they presented themselves voluntary 19 of 42 registrations in total answered the questionnaire with a rate of reply of 45%. The average age registered were 57 years old with an average of stay of 11 days. The most prevalent pathologies were neoplasias and polytraumatisms. According to the quality perceived by the unity there has not been any relationship among gender study level, labor activity marital status and previous hospital stay. At the area of information to the patient there have been some deficiencies as well as some discrimination from the attending staff. Noise is valuated negatively by the patients. Further to the professionalism, is valuated positively at all the social classes. The global quality perceived of the unity were very good from the patient. PMID:25551917
The technical tools and complexity of cases for young practitioners are not the same as those used by their predecessors, but the aim is the same: quality ethical care at the highest level. The challenges of building the ethical practice today include building trust in a world where patients have access to media depictions of a society of greed, the temptations of over-treatment, and a need for an evidence base to one's practice. PMID:20415128
Despite relatively generous coverage of the over-65 population, Danish home help services receive regular criticism in the media and public opinion polls. Perhaps as a consequence, reforms of Danish home care policy for senior citizens have placed strong emphasis on quality since the 1990s. This reform strategy represents a shift from the welfare state modernisation program of the 1980s, which built mainly on economic strategies of cost-efficiency and New Public Management (NPM) princi-ples, inc...
About half of the patients admitted to hospitals receive intravenous therapy through peripheral venous catheters (PVCs). Unfortunately, the use of PVCs is associated with the risk of complications that may lead to increased morbidity and prolonged hospitalisation. Because of the frequent use of PVCs and the risk of PVC-related complications, there are good reasons to assess quality of care. The overall aim of this study was to attain increased knowledge about PVC documen...
Kiguli, Julie; Ekirapa-Kiracho, Elizabeth; Okui, Olico; Mutebi, Aloysius; MacGregor, Hayley; Pariyo, George William
This paper examines the community’s perspectives and perceptions on quality of health care delivery in two Uganda districts. The paper addresses community concerns on service quality. It focuses on the poor because they are a vulnerable group and often bear a huge burden of disease. Community views were solicited and obtained using eight focus group discussions, six in-depth and 12 key informant interviews. User perceptions and definitions of the quality of health services depended on a numbe...
Pilar Isla Pera
Pilar Isla PeraDepartment of Public Health Nursing, Mental and Mother and Child Health, University of Barcelona, SpainBackground: The aim of this research was to characterize the experience of living with diabetes mellitus (DM) and identify patients’ opinions of the quality of care received and the results of interventions.Methods: A descriptive, exploratory evaluation study using qualitative methodology was performed. Participants consisted of 40 adult patients diagnosed with DM an...
Beena Javaregowda Parvathy
Full Text Available Background: Use of Highly active anti-retroviral therapy have increased the life expectancy of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infected patients and hence it is imperative that all efforts have to be made by Pediatric dentists to provide a better oral health for these children. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of utilization of free dental treatment provided to these perinatally infected HIV positive children who were previously screened as a part of oral health survey. Design: Purposive sampling was used. Inclusion criteria: Perinatally infected HIV children screened for oral health status. Exclusion criteria: Patients not screened during the oral health survey. Materials and Methods: Attendance records of 319 perinatally HIV infected children consisting of 178 males and 141 females attending a specialized pediatric outpatient clinic at Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health were examined to compare treatment compliance rates. Results: The number of patients in the severe category who completed treatment was significantly less compared with mild and advanced categories (P 0.05. Conclusion: The results show that children with HIV have significantly lower compliance. Even though all dental treatment provided to them was free of the cost it still had no impetus to encourage them to go through with the treatment.
Nagington, Maurice; Walshe, Catherine; Luker, Karen A
Quality of care is a prominent discourse in modern health-care and has previously been conceptualised in terms of ethics. In addition, the role of knowledge has been suggested as being particularly influential with regard to the nurse-patient-carer relationship. However, to date, no analyses have examined how knowledge (as an ethical concept) impinges on quality of care. Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 26 patients with palliative and supportive care needs receiving district nursing care and thirteen of their lay carers. Poststructural discourse analysis techniques were utilised to take an ethical perspective on the current way in which quality of care is assessed and produced in health-care. It is argued that if quality of care is to be achieved, patients and carers need to be able to redistribute and redevelop the knowledge of their services in a collaborative way that goes beyond the current ways of working. Theoretical works and extant research are then used to produce tentative suggestions about how this may be achieved. PMID:26189362
Hermann, Richard C; Mattke, Soeren; Somekh, David; Silfverhielm, Helena; Goldner, Elliot; Glover, Gyles; Pirkis, Jane; Mainz, Jan; Chan, Jeffrey A
To identify quality measures for international benchmarking of mental health care that assess important processes and outcomes of care, are scientifically sound, and are feasible to construct from preexisting data.......To identify quality measures for international benchmarking of mental health care that assess important processes and outcomes of care, are scientifically sound, and are feasible to construct from preexisting data....
De Mul, Marleen
It is no longer possible to ignore the issue of quality in health care. Care institutions strive to provide all patients with effective, efficient, safe, timely, patient-centered care. Increased attention for quality is also found in discussions regarding use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in health care processes. In these discussions, ICT is almost always brought into a direct relationship with improving the quality of care, especially ICTs that professionals use direc...
It is no longer possible to ignore the issue of quality in health care. Care institutions strive to provide all patients with effective, efficient, safe, timely, patient-centered care. Increased attention for quality is also found in discussions regarding use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in health care processes. In these discussions, ICT is almost always brought into a direct relationship with improving the quality of care, especially ICTs that professi...
Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to provide a clear definition of nursing care quality that contributes to the formulation, application, and measurement of quality nursing outcomes for patients, organisations, and nursing staff. It also indicates the manner in which, by using the definition, empirically based operational definitions can be developed for different operational environments and settings. The study employed a concept analysis methodology to extract terms, attributes, antecedents, and consequences (outcomes from relevant literature databases. The analysis identified nine attributes: nurse competency performance, met nursing care needs, good experiences for patients, good leadership, staff characteristics, preconditions of care, physical environment, progress of nursing process, and cooperation with relatives. Antecedences include nurse-staffing levels, positive practice environment, and nursing turnover. Consequences include patient safety, patient satisfaction, nursing outcomes, nurse satisfaction, and budget management. Because of the breadth and depth of modern nursing practice, further research and development of the concept is required. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(8.000: 1832-1838
Newman, Christy; Persson, Asha; Miller, Angela; Cama, Elena
The first generation of young people with perinatally acquired HIV is moving into adulthood, precipitating a transition from pediatric to adult care. As the first research appraisal of Australian clinician perspectives on this process, this article makes a unique contribution by examining the particular challenges associated with transitioning this population into adult care in regions of low HIV prevalence among young people. Qualitative interviews were conducted with twelve pediatric and adult care clinicians and analyzed for dominant and diverging themes. Clinicians anticipated significant client vulnerabilities during transition and worked beyond the boundaries of their roles and service parameters to keep clients engaged as they moved between pediatric and adult care. Strategies to strengthen the transition process focused on communication and teamwork, informed by and responsive to the needs of individual young people and their families. Clinicians working in settings with very small numbers of young people with HIV must advocate for a hidden minority with little potential for gaining large scale recognition or system changes. New conversations are needed to design a stronger and more sustainable transition process for both young people living with HIV, and their clinicians who care for them, in low prevalence settings. PMID:24749770
Kwedza Ru K
Full Text Available Abstract Background Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous populations have disproportionately high rates of adverse perinatal outcomes relative to other Australians. Poorer access to good quality maternal health care is a key driver of this disparity. The aim of this study was to describe patterns of delivery of maternity care and service gaps in primary care services in Australian Indigenous communities. Methods We undertook a cross-sectional baseline audit for a quality improvement intervention. Medical records of 535 women from 34 Indigenous community health centres in five regions (Top End of Northern Territory 13, Central Australia 2, Far West New South Wales 6, Western Australia 9, and North Queensland 4 were audited. The main outcome measures included: adherence to recommended protocols and procedures in the antenatal and postnatal periods including: clinical, laboratory and ultrasound investigations; screening for gestational diabetes and Group B Streptococcus; brief intervention/advice on health-related behaviours and risks; and follow up of identified health problems. Results The proportion of women presenting for their first antenatal visit in the first trimester ranged from 34% to 49% between regions; consequently, documentation of care early in pregnancy was poor. Overall, documentation of routine antenatal investigations and brief interventions/advice regarding health behaviours varied, and generally indicated that these services were underutilised. For example, 46% of known smokers received smoking cessation advice/counselling; 52% of all women received antenatal education and 51% had investigation for gestational diabetes. Overall, there was relatively good documentation of follow up of identified problems related to hypertension or diabetes, with over 70% of identified women being referred to a GP/Obstetrician. Conclusion Participating services had both strengths and weaknesses in the delivery of maternal health care. Increasing access to evidence-based screening and health information (most notably around smoking cessation were consistently identified as opportunities for improvement across services.
Mainz, Jan; Kristensen, Solvejg; Bartels, Paul
, reporting of adverse events, national handling of patient complaints, national accreditation and public disclosure of all data on the quality of care. Over the years, Denmark has worked up a progressive and transparent just culture in quality management; the different actors at the different levels of the......, transparency in health care and accountability. To further develop the Danish governance model, it is important to expand the model to the primary care sector. Furthermore, a national quality health programme 2015-18 recently launched by the government supports a new development in health care focusing upon...... delivering high-quality health care-high quality is defined by results of value to the patients....
Care seeking at time of childbirth, and maternal and perinatal mortality in Matlab, Bangladesh / Recours aux soins au moment de l'accouchement et mortalité maternelle et périnatale à Matlab, au Bangladesh / Búsqueda de atención para el parto y mortalidad materna y perinatal en Matlab, Bangladesh
Carine, Ronsmans; Mahbub Elahi, Chowdhury; Marge, Koblinsky; Anisuddin, Ahmed.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estudiar la naturaleza de la relación entre el recurso a asistencia calificada en torno al momento del parto y la mortalidad materna y perinatal. MÉTODOS: Analizamos datos del sistema de vigilancia sanitaria y demográfica reunidos entre 1987 y 2005 por el Centro Internacional de Investigac [...] ión de Enfermedades Diarreicas de Bangladesh en Matlab, Bangladesh. RESULTADOS: El estudio registró 59 165 embarazos, 173 muertes maternas, 1661 defunciones prenatales y 1418 muertes neonatales tempranas en su zona de influencia a lo largo del periodo de estudio. Durante ese tiempo, el recurso a asistencia calificada durante el parto aumentó del 5,2% al 52,6%. Más de la mitad (57,8%) de las mujeres que murieron y una tercera parte (33,7%) de las que tuvieron un problema de mortalidad perinatal (esto es, de los casos de mortinatalidad o mortalidad neonatal precoz) habían buscado asistencia especializada. La mortalidad materna fue baja entre las mujeres que no buscaron atención especializada (160 por 100 000 embarazos) y unas 32 veces superior (razón de posibilidades ajustada, OR: 31,66; intervalo de confianza del 95%: 22,03-45,48) entre las que entraron en contacto con servicios de atención obstétrica integral de emergencia. A lo largo del tiempo, la solidez de la relación entre atención obstétrica calificada y mortalidad materna disminuyó paralelamente al aumento del número de mujeres que buscaban atención. La mortalidad perinatal fue también más alta entre las mujeres que buscaron atención especializada que entre las que no lo hicieron, aunque en este caso la asociación fue mucho más débil. CONCLUSIÓN: Considerando los elevados valores de las razones de mortalidad materna y las tasas de mortalidad perinatal entre las mujeres que buscaron atención obstétrica, es necesario hacer un mayor esfuerzo para lograr que las mujeres y sus recién nacidos reciban una atención obstétrica eficaz a su debido tiempo. Para reducir la mortalidad perinatal se requerirán estrategias como la detección y el tratamiento tempranos de los problemas de salud durante el embarazo. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To examine the nature of the relationship between the use of skilled attendance around the time of delivery and maternal and perinatal mortality. METHODS: We analysed health and demographic surveillance system data collected between 1987 and 2005 by the International Centre for Diarrhoeal [...] Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) in Matlab, Bangladesh. FINDINGS: The study recorded 59 165 pregnancies, 173 maternal deaths, 1661 stillbirths and 1418 early neonatal deaths in its service area over the study period. During that time, the use of skilled attendance during childbirth increased from 5.2% to 52.6%. More than half (57.8%) of the women who died and one-third (33.7%) of those who experienced a perinatal death (i.e. a stillbirth or early neonatal death) had sought skilled attendance. Maternal mortality was low among women who did not seek skilled care (160 per 100 000 pregnancies) and was nearly 32 times higher (adjusted odds ratio, OR: 31.66; 95% confidence interval, CI: 22.03-45.48) among women who came into contact with comprehensive emergency obstetric care. Over time, the strength of the association between skilled obstetric care and maternal mortality declined as more women sought such care. Perinatal death rates were also higher for those who sought skilled care than for those who did not, although the strength of association was much weaker. CONCLUSION: Given the high maternal mortality ratio and perinatal mortality rate among women who sought obstetric care, more work is needed to ensure that women and their neonates receive timely and effective obstetric care. Reductions in perinatal mortality will require strategies such as early detection and management of health problems during pregnancy.
Lynn, M L; Osborn, D P
W. Edwards Deming is considered a guru of quality by many international manufacturers. His ideas revolutionized Japan's auto industry in the 1950s, but did not make a substantial impact in the United States until 1980. Increasingly, service organizations, from hotels to public utility companies, are experimenting with his principles. This article explains how a 165-bed community hospital--Brazosport Memorial Hospital in Lake Jackson, Texas--is putting Deming's ideas to work in health care. Deming's philosophy and principles are described as is the hospital's application and implementation of his ideas; preliminary results are encouraging. PMID:10108969
The authors have evaluated the image quality of a stimulable phosphorous plate system in intensive care chest radiography. Four radiologists examined 308 chest radiographs (200 conventional, 108 digital) according to the following criteria: visibility of catheters, tubes (artificial objects), bronchi, central and peripheral vessels, diaphragm, trachea, and retrocardial lung parenchyma. Detectability of these structures was classified as good, poor, or impossible to see. In addition, optical density was measured in the region of liver, heart, and lung. Results were evaluated by Student and ? test
Han, M C
The current status and directions for changes of issues related to quality care in health services in Asian countries--Malaysia, China, Singapore, Japan and Korea are overviewed. In countries with public sector dominated health care systems such as Malaysia. China and Singapore, governmental leadership in quality care is prominent along with legislative backup. Japan and Korea have private sector dominated health care systems and quality care activities are mainly carried out by non-governmental organisations. Hospital accreditation programs are in the developing stages in most countries, although China and Korea started in 1980. Most Asian countries are at the initial stages in quality care activities and focus has been placed on education and training. Asian countries are not exempted from efforts to enhance quality care activities and a new horizon in quality health care is emerging. PMID:10174544
Complicaciones maternas y mortalidad perinatal en el Síndrome de Hellp: Registro multicéntrtico en unidades de cuidados intensivos del área Buenos Aires Maternal morbidity and perinatal mortality in HELLP syndrome. Multicentric studies in intensive care units in Buenos Aires area
Full Text Available Se analizaron en forma retrospectiva las características clínicas, complicaciones, gravedad, y sobrevivencia materna y fetal, en un grupo de gestantes con síndrome HELLP ( Hemolysis , Elevated Liver enzyme levels, Low Platelet count que requirieron admisión en cuatro unidades de cuidados intensivos del área metropolitana Buenos Aires, Argentina. Durante el período comprendido entre marzo de 1997 y marzo de 2003 se evaluaron 62 pacientes en la segunda mitad del embarazo o el puerperio inmediato que cumplían criterios diagnósticos de hipertensión inducida por el embarazo, asociado a plaquetopenia 70 UI/l, láctico deshidrogenasa >600 UI/l, bilirrubina total >1.2 mg / dl , y/o frotis de sangre periférica con signos de hemólisis. La edad promedio fue 28 ± 8 años; número de gestas promedio 2.7 ± 2.3; edad gestacional media 33 ± 4 semanas. Según el grado de plaquetopenia, 23 casos pertenecieron a la clase 1, 29 a la clase 2 y el resto a la clase 3 de la clasificación de Martin . Hubo 16 formas eclámpticas. El recuento plaquetario promedio fue 67 604 ± 31 535/ mm3 ; TGO 271 ± 297 UI/l; TGP 209 ± 178 UI/l; LDH 1 444 ± 1 295 UI/l; creatininemia 1.1 ± 0.8 mg / dl. Cuarenta y una pacientes cursaron con diverso grado de deterioro del filtrado glomerular, con requerimiento de tratamiento hemodialítico y plasmaféresis en un caso. Se presentó insuficiencia respiratoria vinculada a síndrome de distrés respiratorio del adulto en cuatro enfermas. Todas las puérperas sobrevivieron y se comprobaron cuatro muertes perinatales. En la población estudiada, se observó baja prevalencia de complicaciones graves, óptima sobrevivencia materna y baja mortalidad perinatal.We analized the clinical characteristics, complications, severity, and maternal and fetal survival of patients suffering from HELLP syndrome ( Hemolysis , Elevated Liver enzymes level, Low Platelet count requiring admission to the intensive care unit in four hospitals from Buenos Aires area, Argentina. Data was revised in the charts from March 1997 to March 2003 and 62 patients were included in the study. During the second half of pregnancy or immediate puerperal period, diagnostic criteria were defined on the basis of preeclampsia and the following laboratory abnormalities: platelet count nadir 70 UI/l, and serum lactic dehydrogenase >600 UI/l, total bilirubin >1.2 mg/dl and/or periferical blood smear with hemolysis. The mean maternal age was 28 ± 8 years; parity 2.7 ± 2.3; gestational age 33 ± 4 weeks. According to platelet count, 23 cases were identified to class 1, 29 to class 2 and the rest to Martin's class 3. There were 16 eclamptic patients. The platelet count was 67 604 ± 31 535/mm3; alanine aminotransferase 271 ± 297 UI/l; aspartate aminotransferase 209 ± 178 UI/l; serum lactic dehydrogenase 1 444 ± 1 295 UI/l; serum creatininine levels 1.1 ± 0.8 mg/dl. Forty-one patients had diverse degree of renal function damage, renal dialysis and plasmapheresis was required in one female. Respiratory failure due to pulmonary edema was observed in four patients. All obstetric patients survived. There were four perinatal deaths. In our population sample, low rate of life-threatening maternal complications and low perinatal mortality were observed.
Purpose/Objective: The goals of a carepath are to provide a framework for quality patient care, enhance collaborative practice, improve resource utilization, and increase patient satisfaction. Carepaths are designed to move the patient toward specific clinical outcomes, which have been defined by a multidisciplinary team. Carepaths enhance the quality improvement process by tracking clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction. The purpose of this report is to share the 1996 results of our breast cancer carepath. Methods: In 1994 the multidisciplinary Quality Improvement Committee of the Division of Radiation Oncology constructed a carepath for women with breast cancer receiving breast or chest wall radiation. Eleven clinical outcomes were defined which reflected the educational and selfcare focus of the carepath. Recording on the carepath of patient attainment of the outcomes was done by the RN, RTT and MD. Patient satisfaction tools were designed by the quality improvement committee in conjunction with the Department of Marketing Support. Each patient was given a written survey at two points along the carepath: post simulation and post treatment. Results: Ninety-five women were placed on the breast carepath in 1996. Outcomes were reviewed for 40 of these carepaths. The return rate of patient satisfaction surveys post simulation and post treatment approached 99%. Overall satisfaction was high with 76% of patients feeling 'very satisfied' with the simulation process and 93% 'very satisfied' with the treatment experience. Common themes noted in anecdotes related to comfort and privacy issues. Conclusions: Based on our experience, carepaths facilitated the structuring of a comprehensive and collaborative approach to patient care. Strategies for process improvement were guided by the ongoing surveillance of clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction
Julie Kiguli; Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho; Olico Okui; Aloysius Mutebi; et. al.
Julie Kiguli1, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho1, Olico Okui1, Aloysius Mutebi1, Hayley MacGregor2, George William Pariyo11Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda; 2Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, UKAbstract: This paper examines the community’s perspectives and perceptions on quality of health care delivery in two Uganda districts. The paper addresses community concerns on service quality. It focuses on the poor because they are a vulnerable group and often b...
Full text: Quality Health Care results from applying fundamental basic science and preclinical concepts as well as novel technologies to patient care within specific socio-economic frameworks. Cancer mortality has improved recently but outcomes of cancer patients are still unacceptably poor. Molecular Imaging has the potential to improve the outcome of cancer patients in several ways. In the preclinical setting, high resolution molecular imaging devices designed for small animal research have developed into valuable tools for drug evaluation and imaging probe design. These have enabled us to study drug effects in vivo by monitoring longitudinally their effects on tumor cell metabolism or proliferation. The success of Imatinib in treating chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) has demonstrated that targeted drugs can induce remarkable tumor responses and may even cure cancer patients. Targeted drugs have been used for treating various common solid human tumors, including breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and non-small cell lung cancer. However, diverse signaling pathways are involved in the development and progression of these genetically heterogeneous diseases. Consequently, inhibition of one specific pathway is likely to be efficacious in only in small subsets of patients with specific histological tumor types. It is unlikely that a single 'blockbuster' drug can be effective for all patients with a 'common' tumor. Rather, it will be necessary to develop multiple targeted drugs even for patients that share a single histologically defined tumor type. The inevitable consequence is a decreased revenue/cost ratio for the industry and increasing costs for patients and health care systems. It is therefore of paramount importance to identify drug failure as early as possible in preclinical and clinical trials. Human studies with positron emission tomography (PET) with molecular imaging probes targeting physiological processes such as glycolysis, lipid synthesis, amino acid transport, cell surface receptors, gene expression and others are available for evaluating in animal experimental studies and humans the extent of disease as well as treatment effects in vivo. With the advent of PET/CT anatomic and molecular images can be fused affording assignment of normal or abnormal molecular imaging findings to specific anatomical structures. The major vendors have invested millions of dollars into bringing together the highest quality CT with 'state of the art' PET instrumentation. Similar technology mergers are currently happening for PET and MRI. These technological advances come at a time of increasing health care expenditures worldwide. One must therefore carefully evaluate whether the increasing costs are met by increasing effectiveness of the technology. This needs to be carefully determined within the varying health care systems and frameworks. This presentation will provide cancer statistics, introduce molecular imaging tools and will describe the concept of targeted imaging. Animal experimental studies will be used to demonstrate promising treatment approaches in vivo and how imaging can be used to monitor therapeutic effects. Further, the clinical molecular PET/CT imaging technology will be introduced and its impact on patient management and cost-effectiveness will be reviewed and discussed within the confines of different health care systems. Finally, Initial clinical trials will be presented that use molecular PET rather than anatomical CT imaging for prospectively arriving at patient management decisions. (author)
...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality of care. 52.120 Section 52.120 Pensions...CONTINUED) PER DIEM FOR ADULT DAY HEALTH CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE HOMES Standards § 52.120 Quality of care. Each participant must receive,...
Kappelman, Michael D; Dorn, Spencer D; Peterson, Erica; Runge, Thomas; Allen, John I
The Institute of Medicine's publications To Err Is Human and Crossing the Quality Chasm publicized the widespread deficits in health-care quality. The quality of care for digestive diseases has not been evaluated comprehensively, although emerging literature suggests that the gap between recommended care and actual practice may be quite substantial. This paper reviews the history of, the rationale behind, and current work related to quality of care and quality improvement in the area of digestive diseases, with particular attention to colonoscopy, inflammatory bowel diseases, gastroesophageal reflux disease, chronic hepatitis C virus infection, and liver transplantation. PMID:21731014
Coxon, Ian Robert; Bremner, Craig; Jensen, Jesper; LaCava, Laura
and Qualities of Care we fully acknowledge that they and the sub-elements that constitute them are never discrete or fixed at any point. Like the relationship between light particles and light waves, these 'parts' constitute an evolving system of living interaction and Being that defines Care, where...
Calidad de los datos utilizados para el cálculo de indicadores de salud reproductiva y perinatal en población autóctona e inmigrante Quality of data used to calculate reproductive and perinatal health indicators in native and migrant populations
Full Text Available Objetivos: Evaluar la calidad de los datos sobre nacimientos recogidos en el Movimiento Natural de la Población (MNP y en los registros de metabolopatías para el cálculo de indicadores de salud reproductiva y perinatal. Métodos: Comparación entre registros acerca de 1 número total de nacimientos de madre residente en Cataluña y Comunitat Valenciana registrados durante 2005-2006, 2 grado de cumplimentación de los datos sobre origen geográfico de la madre, y 3 grado de cumplimentación de la edad materna, peso al nacer y edad gestacional según el origen de la madre. Resultados: Los registros de metabolopatías recogen de forma exhaustiva los nacimientos registrados en el MNP. El grado de cumplimentación de los datos sobre el origen y la edad materna fue algo menor en los registros de metabolopatías, aunque la proporción de nacimientos según el origen de la madre fue muy similar a la del MNP, así como la media de edad materna según el origen. El grado de cumplimentación de los datos sobre peso al nacer y edad gestacional según el origen materno fue muy inferior en el MNP, especialmente entre los nacimientos de madre inmigrante registrados en Cataluña. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados sugieren una limitación en la calidad de los datos sobre edad gestacional y peso al nacer del MNP, sobre todo de cara al cálculo y la comparación de indicadores de prematuridad y bajo peso al nacer en población autóctona e inmigrante. A la vez, apoyan la utilidad de los registros de metabolopatías como fuente para el cálculo diferencial de tales indicadores.Objective: To assess the quality of data on births in the Natural Population Movement (NPM and congenital metabolic disorders registers with regard to calculation of reproductive and perinatal health indicators. Methods: The following comparisons between registers were made: (1 the total number of births to mothers living in Catalonia and Valencia from 2005 to 2006, (2 the percentage of missing data on the mother's geographical origin, (3 the percentage of missing data on the mother's age and the infant's birthweight and gestational age according to maternal origin. Results: The congenital metabolic disorders registers exhaustively collected the total number of births gathered in the NPM. The percentages of missing data on material origin and age were higher in the congenital metabolic disorders registers, although the proportion of births by maternal origin and the mean maternal age in each ethnic group was fairly similar to that in the NPM. The percentages of missing data on birthweight and gestational age were much higher in the NPM data than in the congenital metabolic disorders registers, especially among births registered in Catalonia and births to foreign mothers. Conclusions: Our results suggest some limitations in the quality of the data on gestational age and birthweight provided by NPM data, especially for comparisons of preterm and low birthweight indicators in the Spanish-born and immigrant populations. Moreover, the results point to the quality of the congenital metabolic disorders registers as a source to compare reproductive and perinatal health indicators.
Holst, Mette; Rasmussen, Henrik H; Laursen, Birgitte S
Scand J Caring Sci; 2010 Can the patient perspective contribute to quality of nutritional care? Aim: Undernutrition has been seen in hospitalized patients at all times. Nurses have a central position in the nutritional care of the patient. Despite guidelines for nutritional practise and care, 20-...
J Gordon Millichap
Full Text Available The prevalence and predictors of perinatal hemorrhagic stroke were determined in a case-control study of infants born from 1993 to 2003 in the Northern California Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Oakland, CA, and reported from the University of California, San Francisco, CA.
Mangione, Peter L.; Kriener-Althen, Kerry; Marcella, Jennifer
Research Findings: The quality of group care infants and toddlers experience relates to their concurrent and later development. Recent quality improvement initiatives point to the need for ecologically valid measures that assess the multifaceted nature of child care quality. In this article, we present the psychometric properties of an infant andâ€¦
Paine, Timothy G; Milne, Catherine T; Barr, Jane Ellen; Cordrey, Renee; Dieter, Susan; Harwood, Judith; Sawyer, Allen; Trepanier, Kimberly; Woelfel, Stephanie
When the Association for Advanced Wound Care Quality of Care Task Force members determined there was no unanimously accepted definition of quality as it relates to wound care, they: 1) identified relevant components of quality wound care, and 2) created a framework of quality wound care indicators to enable the creation or assessment of wound care delivery systems. The framework is an innovative conceptual model that serves as a basis for the Association strategies to facilitate high quality wound care for patients/clients across the continuum of care and recognizes the role of the supporting systems necessary to provide wound care services. It uses the Institute of Medicine's Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century to define quality systems for wound care and includes safety and effectiveness coupled with the delivery of timely, efficient, equitable, collaborative, patient-centered care. This framework can be utilized during clinical, managerial, or regulatory review of wound care service delivery. PMID:17146119
Hujala, Eeva; Fonsen, Elina; Elo, Janniina
In this study we examine parents' and teachers' perceptions of the early childhood education and care (ECEC) quality in Finland. The study is based on the paradigm of inclusionary quality and the assessment is based on the quality evaluation model. The parents and teachers assess the quality to be good. The strength of the quality was the effect…
Full Text Available South East Asia Region (SEAR is one of the most populous world regions and also bears a disproportionate burden of mortality compared to other world regions. The purpose of this article was to analyze the situation of maternal, neonatal and perinatal health in SEAR to inform public health practitioners, program managers and policy makers about the situation in this world region. A secondary review of policy and programmatic documents published by ministries of health in SEAR countries, WHO, other UN agencies and peer reviewed journal articles in the area of maternal, child, neonatal and perinatal health published in the last five years was conducted. This article discusses the current situation of maternal, perinatal and neonatal health in SEAR countries, highlights some of the key challenges and provides recommendations to countries on the way forward for improving perinatal and maternal health. Key issues are discussed under the broad themes of improving maternal and perinatal health information systems, improving quality of care and human resource management. The article concludes that Health Systems Strengthening, Scaling up of Skilled Human Resource, Investing in information systems and improving the quality of maternal and neonatal care services are essential for future progress in countries but these are long term processes which need sustained commitment and ownership at all levels.
Hermann, Richard C; Mattke, Soeren; Somekh, David; Silfverhielm, Helena; Goldner, Elliot; Glover, Gyles; Pirkis, Jane; Mainz, Jan; Chan, Jeffrey A
To identify quality measures for international benchmarking of mental health care that assess important processes and outcomes of care, are scientifically sound, and are feasible to construct from preexisting data.
LYNDON, Audrey; Kennedy, Holly Powell
Communication and teamwork problems are leading causes of documented preventable adverse outcomes in perinatal care. An essential component of perinatal safety is the organizational culture in which clinicians work. Clinicians’ individual and collective authority to question the plan of care and take action to change the direction of a clinical situation in the patient’s best interest can be viewed as their “agency for safety.” However, collective agency for safety and commitment to support n...
Jesus, Tiago Silva; Hoenig, Helen
There is substantial interest in mechanisms for measuring, reporting, and improving the quality of health care, including postacute care (PAC) and rehabilitation. Unfortunately, current activities generally are either too narrow or too poorly specified to reflect PAC rehabilitation quality of care. In part, this is caused by a lack of a shared conceptual understanding of what construes quality of care in PAC rehabilitation. This article presents the PAC-rehab quality framework: an evidence-based conceptual framework articulating elements specifically pertaining to PAC rehabilitation quality of care. The widely recognized Donabedian structure, process, and outcomes (SPO) model furnished the underlying structure for the PAC-rehab quality framework, and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framed the functional outcomes. A comprehensive literature review provided the evidence base to specify elements within the SPO model and ICF-derived framework. A set of macrolevel-outcomes (functional performance, quality of life of patient and caregivers, consumers' experience, place of discharge, health care utilization) were defined for PAC rehabilitation and then related to their (1) immediate and intermediate outcomes, (2) underpinning care processes, (3) supportive team functioning and improvement processes, and (4) underlying care structures. The role of environmental factors and centrality of patients in the framework are explicated as well. Finally, we discuss why outcomes may best measure and reflect the quality of PAC rehabilitation. The PAC-rehab quality framework provides a conceptually sound, evidence-based framework appropriate for quality of care activities across the PAC rehabilitation continuum. PMID:25542676
Rebecca M. Ryan; Johnson, Anna; Rigby, Elizabeth; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne
In 2008, the federal government allotted $7 billion in child care subsidies to low-income families through the state-administered Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF), now the government’s largest child care program (US DHHS, 2008). Although subsidies reduce costs for families and facilitate parental employment, it is unclear how they impact the quality of care families purchase. This study investigates the impact of government subsidization on parents’ selection of child care quality using...
van Gijn, W; van de Velde, C J H; Laurberg, Søren
Quality of healthcare is a hot topic and this is especially true for cancer care. New surgical techniques and effective neoadjuvant treatment regimens have significantly improved colorectal cancer outcome. Nevertheless, there seem to be substantial differences in quality of care between European countries, hospitals and doctors. To reduce hospital variation, most initiatives aim on selective referral, encouraging patients to seek care in high-volume hospitals, where cancer care is concentrated t...
Ryan, Rebecca M.; Johnson, Anna; Rigby, Elizabeth; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne
In 2008, the federal government allotted $7 billion in child care subsidies to low-income families through the state-administered Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF), now the government’s largest child care program (US DHHS, 2008). Although subsidies reduce costs for families and facilitate parental employment, it is unclear how they impact the quality of care families purchase. This study investigates the impact of government subsidization on parents’ selection of child care quality using multivariate regression and propensity score matching approaches to account for differential selection into subsidy receipt and care arrangements. Data were drawn from the Child Care Supplement to the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (CCS-FFCWS), conducted in 2002 and 2003 in 14 of the 20 FFCWS cities when focal children were 3 years old (N = 456). Our results indicate that families who used subsidies chose higher quality care than comparable mothers who did not use subsidies, but only because subsidy recipients were more likely to use center-based care. Subgroup analyses revealed that families using subsidies purchased higher-quality home-based care but lower-quality center-based care than comparable non-recipients. Findings suggest that child care subsidies may serve as more than a work support for low-income families by enhancing the quality of nonmaternal care children experience but that this effect is largely attributable to recipients’ using formal child care arrangements (versus kith and kin care) more often than non-recipients. PMID:21874092
Grant, J B; Hayes, R P; Pates, R D; Elward, K S; Ballard, D J
The peer-review organizations (PROs) were created by Congress in 1984 to monitor the cost and quality of care received by Medicare beneficiaries. In order to do this, the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) contracted with the PROs through a series of contracts referred to as "Scopes of Work." Under the Fourth Scope of Work, the HCFA initiated the Health Care Quality Improvement Program (HCQIP) in 1990, as an application of the principles of continuous quality improvement. Since then,...
Shield, T; CAMPBELL, S; A. Rogers; Worrall, A; Chew-Graham, C.; Gask, L.
Objectives: To identify a generic set of face valid quality indicators for primary care mental health services which reflect a multi-stakeholder perspective and can be used for facilitating quality improvement.
Khalid M. Almutairi; Mahaman Moussa
Objectives: To explore the current structure of the Saudi health care system, and assess the quality of health care in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) based on the indicators provided by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), and to provide recommendations for improvements. Methods: This study explores the current structure of the Saudi health care system using a systematic review of studies published between 2009 and 2013. The IOM indicators of quality health care (safe, effective, patient-cente...
Abstract Background Antitrust authorities treat price as a proxy for hospital quality since health care quality is difficult to observe. As the ability to measure quality improved, more research became necessary to investigate the relationship between hospital market power and patient outcomes. This paper examines the impact of hospital competition on the quality of care as measured by the risk-adjusted mortality rates with the hospital as the unit of analysis. The study separately examines t...
KAPETANOVIC, Suad; Christensen, Shawna; Karim, Roksana; Lin, Florence; Mack, Wendy J.; Operskalski, Eva; Frederick, Toni; Spencer, LaShonda; Stek, Alice; Kramer, Francoise; KOVACS, ANDREA
Maternal perinatal depression (PND) may interfere with effective perinatal HIV care. In order to begin examining the prevalence and characteristics of PND in HIV-infected women, we analyzed data from the medical records of all HIV-infected women who had received perinatal care in the Maternal-Child and Adolescent Center for Infectious Diseases and Virology at LAC/USC Medical Center from 1997 through 2006. Data from 273 individual women (328 live births) were analyzed. Demographic, medical his...
Thomas Angela N; van Roosmalen Jos; Mogren Ingrid; Kidanto Hussein L; Massawe Siriel N; Nystrom Lennarth; Lindmark Gunilla
Abstract Background Perinatal death is a devastating experience for the mother and of concern in clinical practice. Regular perinatal audit may identify suboptimal care related to perinatal deaths and thus appropriate measures for its reduction. The aim of this study was to perform a qualitative perinatal audit of intrapartum and early neonatal deaths and propose means of reducing the perinatal mortality rate (PMR). Methods From 1st August, 2007 to 31st December, 2007 we conducted an audit of...
Full Text Available Neste artigo, realizou-se uma revisão da literatura sobre mortalidade perinatal com maior enfoque na evitabilidade desses óbitos. Foram pesquisadas, sobretudo, publicações da década de 90 nas bases Medline e Lilacs (América Latina e Caribe. Discutiram-se as dificuldades para a realização de estudos nesta área, ainda em número restrito no Brasil, em decorrência do grande subregistro de óbitos fetais e da má qualidade da informação nas declarações de óbitos. Foram apresentadas as principais propostas de classificação dos óbitos perinatais baseadas em enfoque de evitabilidade, com destaque para a classificação de Wigglesworth. Nesta abordagem, os óbitos perinatais foram relacionados a momentos específicos da assistência, sendo evidenciadas as possibilidades de sua prevenção. Recomenda-se o enfoque de evitabilidade para a abordagem da mortalidade perinatal no Brasil, dado que as taxas são ainda elevadas, a maioria dos óbitos é considerada evitável e poderia ser prevenida com a melhoria da assistência pré-natal, ao parto e ao recém-nascido, não apenas quanto à sua resolubilidade clínica, mas também à organização da assistência em sistemas hierarquizados e regionalizados, assegurando o acesso da gestante e do recém-nascido em tempo oportuno a serviços de qualidade.This is a literature review onperinatal mortality focusing its evitability. A Medline and Lilacs (Latin-America and Caribbean search was conducted for the 90s. There are few research studies on this subject in Brazil due to the great number of underreported fetal deaths and the low quality information provided in death certificates. Different proposals for perinatal death classification are presented. Most are based on grouping the underlying causes of deaths in a functional system in order to facilitate the analysis. In the Wigglesworth classification system, one of the most recommended methods, deaths are related to the different stages of care for pregnant women and children, evidencing the possibilities of their prevention. The evitability approach of perinatal deaths in Brazil is highly recommended, as mortality rates are still very high and most of the deaths are considered avoidable. Premature deaths could be avoided improving the quality of health care. Besides improving the medical assistance, the organization of health care regarding pre-natal, birth and neonatal care must also be better developed to ensure access to qualified assistance.
Albright, Jamie N; Fair, Cynthia D
The population of adolescents and young adults (AYA) with perinatally-acquired HIV (PHIV) present challenges to HIV healthcare providers (HHCPs). Originally not expected to survive childhood, they are now living well into young adulthood. Little is known about the type of sexual and reproductive (SRH) information/services offered to AYA with PHIV by HHCPs. HHCPs (n=67) were recruited using snowball sampling, and completed an online survey. Providers' most frequently endorsed SRH topics discussed with both male and female patients included condom use (77.3%), STD prevention (73.1%), and screening (62.1%). Providers' reports indicated that females received significantly more education about SRH topics overall. The most frequently noted barriers to SRH communication included more pressing health concerns (53.0%), parent/guardian not receptive (43.9%), and lack of time during appointment (43.9%). Provider-reported SRH conversations with HHCPs were highly focused on horizontal transmission and pregnancy prevention. Salient social aspects of SRH promotion for AYAs with PHIV (e.g., managing disclosure and romantic relationships) were less commonly discussed, though such conversations may serve to reduce secondary transmission and enhance the overall well-being of AYA with PHIV. Findings indicated that further work must be done to identify strategies to address unmet SRH needs of the aging population of AYA with PHIV. PMID:25290765
Berendes, H W
The main national data sources for perinatal epidemiology are birth and death certificates, yet routinely linked birth and death certificate data are still not available in the U.S. Completeness and quality of the reporting of perinatal events should be considered in examining trends over time and between jurisdictions. The U.S. has experienced a marked decline in its infant mortality rate, but only a very modest decline in the rate of low birth weight. Research must focus more on studies of ...
Full text: Quality health care results from translating fundamental bench discoveries and making them available to patients. During the past decade, 'molecular imaging' has emerged both as a new tool/technology and as a research and clinical discipline. Molecular imaging is an interdisciplinary approach involving biologists, physicists, physicians, mathematicians, conventional chemists, radiochemists and other specialists who have joined forces for better understanding and visualizing of both normal physiological processes and the molecular processes preceding the morphological manifestations of disease in vivo. Molecular imaging has been defined as 'non-invasive, quantitative, and repetitive imaging of targeted macromolecules and biological processes in living organisms' or as 'the visual representation, characterization, and quantification of biological processes at the cellular and sub-cellular levels within intact living organisms'. Weissleder defined molecular imaging in the most simple terms as 'studying diseases non-invasively at the molecular level'. Regardless of these semantic differences molecular imaging can contribute significantly to the preclinical and clinical drug and disease evaluation process. It is interesting to note, that despite major advances in imaging technology, cancer mortality has remained largely unchanged over the last three decades. Imaging has thus far enabled us to look through a magnifying glass at disease processes but has failed to dramatically influence disease outcomes. Emerging data suggest that molecular PET imaging is about to change this situation. High resolution molecular imaging devices designed for small animal research have developed into valuable tools for drug evaluation and imaging probe design. These include microPET, microCT, microMRI and optical imaging devices. These have enabled us to study drug effects in vivo by monitoring longitudinally their effects on tumour cell metabolism or proliferation. The only currently available molecular imaging tool for human studies is positron emission tomography (PET). Many different molecular imaging probes targeting physiological processes such as glycolysis, lipid synthesis, amino acid transport, cell surface receptors, gene expression and others are available for evaluating in animal experimental studies and humans the extent of disease as well as treatment effects in vivo. With the advent of PET/CT anatomic and molecular images can be fused affording assignment of normal or abnormal molecular imaging findings to specific anatomical structures. The major vendors have invested millions of dollars into bringing together the highest quality CT with state-of-the-art PET instrumentation. As a result more than 1000 PET/CT scanners have been installed worldwide over the last four years. These technological advances come at a time of increasing health care expenditures worldwide. One must therefore carefully evaluate whether the increasing costs are met by increasing effectiveness of the technology. As an additional problem, health care systems vary substantially between countries and cultures and cost-effectiveness analyses need to be tailored towards specific health care environments. A paradigm shift from morphological to molecular imaging is occurring on every level of preclinical and clinical research and in clinical practice. Animal tumour models are being used for serial non-invasive monitoring of preclinical drug effects in vivo using molecular imaging technology. This molecular imaging application reduces the numbers of animals required for preclinical studies and might allow for some predictions of drug effectiveness in humans. Molecular imaging should be used in phase I, II and III trials to identify drug success and failure early. Applications of molecular imaging to patient stratification will define appropriate patient populations for smaller, more rapid clinical trials. Recent studies in lung cancer, lymphoma, esophageal cancer and gastrointestinal stromal tumour have clearly indicated that FDG PET/CT imaging can be used to appropriately change the management of cancer patients. Clinical molecular imaging, currently restricted primarily to PET, is therefore already considered the gold standard for monitoring effects of many conventional cancer treatments and will now be used to monitor the effects of 'targeted' treatments in all phases of clinical trials. This presentation will introduce molecular imaging tools including instrumentation and imaging probes and will describe the concept of targeted imaging. Animal experimental studies will be used to demonstrate promising treatment approaches in vivo and how imaging can be used to monitor therapeutic effects. Further, clinical molecular PET/CT imaging assays will be introduced and its impact on patient stratification and management as well as its cost effectiveness will be reviewed and discussed within the confines of different health care systems. Finally, initial clinical trials that use molecular PET rather than anatomical CT imaging for prospectively arriving at patient management decisions will be presented. (author)
Arling, Greg; Kane, Robert L.; Mueller, Christine; Bershadsky, Julie; Degenholtz, Howard B.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between nursing home staffing level, care received by individual residents, and resident quality-related care processes and functional outcomes. Design and Methods: Nurses recorded resident care time for 5,314 residents on 156 units in 105 facilities in four states (Colorado,…
Quantifying quality and marketing care delivery have been long-term challenges in the health care market. Insurers, employers, other purchasers of care, and providers face a constant challenge in positioning their organizations in a proactive, competitive niche. Tools that measure patient's self-reported perception of health care needs and expectations have increased the ability to quantify quality of care delivery. When integrated with case management and disease management strategies, outcomes reporting and variance analysis tracking can be packaged to position a provider in a competitive niche. PMID:10338715
Van Gijn, W.; van de Velde, C.J.H.
Abstract Quality of healthcare is a hot topic and this is especially true for cancer care. New surgical techniques and effective neoadjuvant treatment regimens have significantly improved colorectal cancer outcome. Nevertheless, there seem to be substantial differences in quality of care between European countries, hospitals and doctors. To reduce hospital variation, most initiatives aim on selective referral, encouraging patients to seek care in high-volume hospitals, where cancer...
Abaunza de González, Myriam
The main purpose of this article is to answer the question: Is the nursing process part of quality care? In order to back the answer, it starts by mentioning several authors that have performed studies on the use of scientific methods, problem solving methods and the attention to care -innursing method and its relationship to the quality of service and the nursing care, while at the same time it introduces related experiences associated with NIPE research projects and related Groups with Dx, ...
Mainz, Jan; Kristensen, Solvejg
Denmark has unique opportunities for quality measurement and benchmarking since Denmark has well-developed health registries and unique patient identifier that allow all registries to include patient-level data and combine data into sophisticated quality performance monitoring. Over decades, Denmark has developed and implemented national quality and patient safety initiatives in the healthcare system in terms of national clinical guidelines, performance and outcome measurement integrated in clinical databases for important diseases and clinical conditions, measurement of patient experiences, reporting of adverse events, national handling of patient complaints, national accreditation and public disclosure of all data on the quality of care. Over the years, Denmark has worked up a progressive and transparent just culture in quality management; the different actors at the different levels of the healthcare system are mutually attentive and responsive in a coordinated effort for quality of the healthcare services. At national, regional, local and hospital level, it is mandatory to participate in the quality initiatives and to use data and results for quality management, quality improvement, transparency in health care and accountability. To further develop the Danish governance model, it is important to expand the model to the primary care sector. Furthermore, a national quality health programme 2015-18 recently launched by the government supports a new development in health care focusing upon delivering high-quality health care-high quality is defined by results of value to the patients.
Mainz, Jan; Kristensen, Solvejg; Bartels, Paul
Denmark has unique opportunities for quality measurement and benchmarking since Denmark has well-developed health registries and unique patient identifier that allow all registries to include patient-level data and combine data into sophisticated quality performance monitoring. Over decades, Denmark has developed and implemented national quality and patient safety initiatives in the healthcare system in terms of national clinical guidelines, performance and outcome measurement integrated in clinical databases for important diseases and clinical conditions, measurement of patient experiences, reporting of adverse events, national handling of patient complaints, national accreditation and public disclosure of all data on the quality of care. Over the years, Denmark has worked up a progressive and transparent just culture in quality management; the different actors at the different levels of the healthcare system are mutually attentive and responsive in a coordinated effort for quality of the healthcare services. At national, regional, local and hospital level, it is mandatory to participate in the quality initiatives and to use data and results for quality management, quality improvement, transparency in health care and accountability. To further develop the Danish governance model, it is important to expand the model to the primary care sector. Furthermore, a national quality health programme 2015-18 recently launched by the government supports a new development in health care focusing upon delivering high-quality health care-high quality is defined by results of value to the patients. PMID:26443814
Bassett, Sally; Westmore, Kathryn
This is the second in a series of articles examining the components of good corporate governance. It considers how the structures and processes for quality governance can affect an organisation's ability to be assured about the quality of care. Complex information systems and procedures can lead to poor quality care, but sound structures and processes alone are insufficient to ensure good governance, and behavioural factors play a significant part in making sure that staff are enabled to provide good quality care. The next article in this series looks at how the information reporting of an organisation can affect its governance. PMID:23252087
Full Text Available In this review, the causes of prenatal losses, pregnancy termination and reflection of this situation for the parents were investigated. Despite great attention in improving perinatal care, perinatal loss (fetal loss and newborn death continues to occur. According to the World Health Organization (WHO, the perinatal period extends from the 20th gestational week through 1 month after birth. However, researchers who study perinatal loss use a broader definition that includes early (during the first 12 weeks following conception as well as late fetal loss (>20 weeks’ gestation. Of all known pregnancies, an estimated ratio of 12% to 20% ends in an early fetal loss. The most recent available data have revealed that the rates translate to about 1.03 million annual fetal losses and, for 2004, 18.602 newborn deaths. According to the results of 2008, infant mortality rate decreased very rapidly in Turkey. Of the many parents who suffer a perinatal loss, at least 80% become pregnant again, an event that occurs within 18 months. Therefore, it is important for nurses and health care professionals to understand the impact of a perinatal loss on a subsequent pregnancy. The purpose of this article is to perform an investigation on parental, primarily maternal, responses to pregnancy subsequent to perinatal loss, and to describe nursing implications for parents during the subsequent pregnancy.
Kahn, Jeremy M
Patients, clinicians and policy makers are increasingly interested in measuring and improving the quality of health care at the end of life. The intensive care unit (ICU) is characterized by high mortality and frequent use of life-sustaining treatments, making critical care a natural target for these efforts. Indeed, multiple local and regional quality improvement efforts now specifically target the dying experience for ICU patients, patients at risk for ICU admission, and their families. These activities either target ICU caregivers through educational programs and quality incentives, or target patients and their families directly through palliative care and efforts to improve decisions around the end of life. Although these initiatives hold great promise, they also face inherent challenges-it is difficult to measure the quality of end-of-life care, we lack practical targets for affecting quality, and uncertain political climates can often preclude serious discussions about end-of-life care. Moreover, these programs may lead to unintended consequences, potentially negatively impacting the very care they seek to improve. Future innovations surrounding how we measure the quality of end-of-life care and paradigm shifts in the way we think about ICU quality may help us to fully realize the goal of improving the dying process for ICU patients. PMID:22875384
The general aim of this thesis is to describe and analyse the role of primary care in health care systems in terms of health, health care utilisation and costs, and to study the feasibility of retrieval of data from computerised medical records to monitor medical quality. The thesis includes five studies, a systematic literature review, a register study of utilisation of hospital and primary care, a study based on data from computerised medical records of individual patients cost for primary ...
Dam, P.A. van; Verkinderen, L.; Hauspy, J.; Vermeulen, P; Dirix, L.; M. Huizing; Altintas, S.; Papadimitriou, K.; Peeters, M.; Tjalma?, W.
?Quality Indicators (QIs) are measures of health care quality that make use of readily available hospital inpatient administrative data. Assessment quality of care can be performed on different levels: national, regional, on a hospital basis or on an individual basis. It can be a mandatory or voluntary system. In all cases development of an adequate database for data extraction, and feedback of the findings is of paramount importance. In the present paper we performed a Medline search on “QIs...
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: In Sweden, a country with high standards of obstetric care, the high rate of perinatal mortality among children of immigrant women from the Horn of Africa raises the question of whether there is an association between female circumcision and perinatal death. METHOD: To investigate this, we examined a cohort of 63 perinatal deaths of infants born in Sweden over the period 1990-96 to circumcised women. FINDINGS: We found no evidence that female circumcision was related to perinatal death. Obstructed or prolonged labour, caused by scar tissue from circumcision, was not found to have any impact on the number of perinatal deaths. CONCLUSION: The results do not support previous conclusions that genital circumcision is related to perinatal death, regardless of other circumstances, and suggest that other, suboptimal factors contribute to perinatal death among circumcised migrant women.
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: In Sweden, a country with high standards of obstetric care, the high rate of perinatal mortality among children of immigrant women from the Horn of Africa raises the question of whether there is an association between female circumcision and perinatal death. METHOD: To investigate this, we examined a cohort of 63 perinatal deaths of infants born in Sweden over the period 1990-96 to circumcised women. FINDINGS: We found no evidence that female circumcision was related to perinatal death. Obstructed or prolonged labour, caused by scar tissue from circumcision, was not found to have any impact on the number of perinatal deaths. CONCLUSION: The results do not support previous conclusions that genital circumcision is related to perinatal death, regardless of other circumstances, and suggest that other, suboptimal factors contribute to perinatal death among circumcised migrant women.
Full Text Available Abstract Background Much attention has been given to the adequacy of prenatal care use in promoting healthy outcomes for women and their infants. Adequacy of use takes into account the timing of initiation of prenatal care and the number of visits. However, there is emerging evidence that the quality of prenatal care may be more important than adequacy of use. The purpose of our study was to explore women's and care providers' perspectives of quality prenatal care to inform the development of items for a new instrument, the Quality of Prenatal Care Questionnaire. We report on the derivation of themes resulting from this first step of questionnaire development. Methods A qualitative descriptive approach was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 pregnant women and 40 prenatal care providers recruited from five urban centres across Canada. Data were analyzed using inductive open and then pattern coding. The final step of analysis used a deductive approach to assign the emergent themes to broader categories reflective of the study's conceptual framework. Results The three main categories informed by Donabedian's model of quality health care were structure of care, clinical care processes, and interpersonal care processes. Structure of care themes included access, physical setting, and staff and care provider characteristics. Themes under clinical care processes were health promotion and illness prevention, screening and assessment, information sharing, continuity of care, non-medicalization of pregnancy, and women-centredness. Interpersonal care processes themes were respectful attitude, emotional support, approachable interaction style, and taking time. A recurrent theme woven throughout the data reflected the importance of a meaningful relationship between a woman and her prenatal care provider that was characterized by trust. Conclusions While certain aspects of structure of care were identified as being key dimensions of quality prenatal care, clinical and interpersonal care processes emerged as being most essential to quality care. These processes are important as they have a role in mitigating adverse outcomes, promoting involvement of women in their own care, and keeping women engaged in care. The findings suggest key considerations for the planning, delivery, and evaluation of prenatal care. Most notably, care should be woman-centred and embrace shared decision making as an essential element.
Dy, Sydney Morss; Herr, Keela; Bernacki, Rachelle E; Kamal, Arif H; Walling, Anne M; Ersek, Mary; Norton, Sally A
Quality measurement is a critical tool for improving palliative care and hospice, but significant research is needed to improve the application of quality indicators. We defined methodological priorities for advancing the science of quality measurement in this field based on discussions of the Technical Advisory Panel of the Measuring What Matters consensus project of the American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine and Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association and a subsequent strategy meeting to better clarify research challenges, priorities, and quality measurement implementation strategies. In this article, we describe three key priorities: 1) defining the denominator(s) (or the population of interest) for palliative care quality indicators, 2) developing methods to measure quality from different data sources, and 3) conducting research to advance the development of patient/family-reported indicators. We then apply these concepts to the key quality domain of advance care planning and address relevance to implementation of indicators in improving care. Developing the science of quality measurement in these key areas of palliative care and hospice will facilitate improved quality measurement across all populations with serious illness and care for patients and families. PMID:26596877
Kasagi, Yoshihiro; Okutani, Ryu; Oda, Yutaka
We have opened an operating room in the perinatal care unit (PNCU), separate from our existing central operating rooms, to be used exclusively for cesarean sections. The purpose is to meet the increasing need for both emergency cesarean sections and non-obstetric surgeries. It is equipped with the same surgical instruments, anesthesia machine, monitoring system, rapid infusion system and airway devices as the central operating rooms. An anesthesiologist and a nurse from the central operating rooms trained the nurses working in the new operating room, and discussed solutions to numerous problems that arose before and after its opening. Currently most of the elective and emergency cesarean sections carried out during the daytime on weekdays are performed in the PNCU operating room. A total of 328 and 347 cesarean sections were performed in our hospital during 2011 and 2012, respectively, of which 192 (55.5 %) and 254 (73.2 %) were performed in the PNCU operating room. The mean occupancy rate of the central operating rooms also increased from 81 % in 2011 to 90 % in 2012. The PNCU operating room was built with the support of motivated personnel and multidisciplinary teamwork, and has been found to be beneficial for both surgeons and anesthesiologists, while it also contributes to hospital revenue. PMID:24917221
Blum, Torsten G; Rich, Anna; Baldwin, David; Beckett, Paul; De Ruysscher, Dirk; Faivre-Finn, Corinne; Gaga, Mina; Gamarra, Fernando; Grigoriu, Bogdan; Hansen, Niels C G; Hubbard, Richard; Huber, Rudolf Maria; Jakobsen, Erik; Jovanovic, Dragana; Konsoulova, Assia; Kollmeier, Jens; Massard, Gilbert; McPhelim, John; Meert, Anne-Pascale; Milroy, Robert; Paesmans, Marianne; Peake, Mick; Putora, Paul-Martin; Scherpereel, Arnaud; SchÃ¶nfeld, Nicolas; Sitter, Helmut; Skaug, Knut; Spiro, Stephen; Strand, Trond-Eirik; Taright, Samya; Thomas, Michael; van Schil, Paul E; Vansteenkiste, Johan F; Wiewrodt, Rainer; Sculier, Jean-Paul
. The Task Force undertook four projects: 1) a narrative literature search on quality management of lung cancer; 2) a survey of national and local infrastructure for lung cancer care in Europe; 3) a benchmarking project on the quality of (inter)national lung cancer guidelines in Europe; and 4) a...... feasibility study of prospective data collection in a pan-European setting. There is little peer-reviewed literature on quality management in lung cancer care. The survey revealed important differences in the infrastructure of lung cancer care in Europe. The European guidelines that were assessed displayed...... among countries. The European Initiative for Quality Management in Lung Cancer Care has provided the first comprehensive snapshot of lung cancer care in Europe....
Newbrander, William; Natiq, Kayhan; Shahim, Shafiqullah; Hamid, Najibullah; Skena, Naomi Brill
This study, conducted in five rural districts in Afghanistan, used qualitative methods to explore traditional practices of women, families and communities related to maternal and newborn care, and sociocultural and health system issues that create access barriers. The traditional practices discussed include delayed bathing of mothers and delayed breastfeeding of infants, seclusion of women after childbirth, restricted maternal diet, and use of traditional home remedies and self-medication instead of care in health facilities to treat maternal and newborn conditions. This study also looked at community support structures, transportation and care-seeking behaviour for maternal and newborn problems which create access barriers. Sociocultural barriers to better maternal-newborn health include shame about utilisation of maternal and neonatal services, women's inability to seek care without being accompanied by a male relative, and care-seeking from mullahs for serious health concerns. This study also found a high level of post-partum depression. Targeted and more effective behaviour-change communication programmes are needed. This study presents a set of behaviour-change messages to reduce maternal and newborn mortality associated with births occurring at home in rural communities. This study recommends using religious leaders, trained health workers, family health action groups and radio to disseminate these messages. PMID:24003851
Greenslade, F C; Winkler, J; Leonard, A H
Development of antiprogestins for use to induce early abortion clearly advances reproductive health to a higher level. A heated debate has arisen over the appropriateness of its being introduced in health care settings, however. Since the introduction of new contraceptive technologies into health care and family planning programs has produced serious shortcomings, some abortion care specialists propose a management approach to introducing RU-486/prostaglandin which stresses women's needs and preferences. This quality of care framework is based on 20 years of experience of introducing manual vacuum aspiration into developing countries. It takes into consideration that decisions about introducing RU-486/prostaglandin are country-specific and often program- or clinic-specific. Decision makers need to look at preparedness of local policy and service delivery infrastructure to take on the specific responsibilities of integrating it into ongoing programs and how this new technology will affect quality of care. The quality of care framework consists of those elements appropriate to women' access to care which include appropriate abortion care technology; technical competence of all members of the health care team at all levels of the health system; interactions between women and providers/staff (respect and support for women and nonjudgemental attitudes); comprehensive information and counseling; quality and accessible postabortion family planning and reproductive health care; and equipment, supplies, and medication. Decision makers need to consider whether RU-486/prostaglandin is acceptable to women and providers, manufactured to high standards, consistent with relevant regulatory requirements and appropriate to specific service delivery settings. PMID:1434757
Goodson, Justin; Jang, Wooseung; Rantz, Marilyn
Purpose: The purpose of this research is twofold. The first purpose is to utilize a new methodology (Bayesian networks) for aggregating various quality indicators to measure the overall quality of care in nursing homes. The second is to provide new insight into the relationships that exist among various measures of quality and how such measures…
Rose, Christopher; Stovall, Ellen; Ganz, Patricia A; Desch, Christopher; Hewitt, Maria
The Cancer Quality Alliance (CQA), a national alliance advocating for improvements in the quality of cancer care in America, presents a set of 5 case studies that depict a vision of quality cancer care and a "Blueprint" for actions to realize this vision. The CQA Blueprint case studies feature patients with soft tissue sarcoma, breast cancer, rectal cancer, and Hodgkin disease and focus on key phases in the cancer care trajectory: detection, diagnosis, treatment, post-treatment/survivorship, and end of life. Each case study begins with a patient summary, follows with a worst- and a best-case scenario, and concludes with a discussion section identifying "what went right" in the best case and "what went wrong" in the worst case. Steps to be taken by key stakeholders, for example, health care providers, insurers/payers, policy makers, and patients and families, are then outlined. By juxtaposing a worst- and best-case scenario, the cancer care case studies elucidate the origins of complex health care problems and clarify the actions needed to overcome them. The CQA will make the case studies available for use as teaching tools to give health care providers and patients themselves descriptions of how the health care system should work to achieve the ultimate benefit for an individual living with, through, and beyond a diagnosis of cancer. The CQA adopted the definition of quality health care of the Institute of Medicine, and the analysis of care provided in the discussion section of each case study is framed using 6 quality improvement aims identified in the Institute of Medicine's report, Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century. Health care quality may be judged according to its safety, effectiveness, patient-centeredness, timeliness, efficiency, and equity. PMID:18768677
Ballard, David J; Nicewander, David; Skinner, Cheryl
BACKGROUND: This paper describes a collaborative Medicare claims data linkage and sharing effort between the Baylor Health Care System (BHCS) and Texas Medical Foundation (TMF, the Texas Quality Improvement Organization) designed to assess the effect of three quality improvement interventions on care delivered to elderly patients with diabetes. The randomized controlled trial is being conducted among a network of primary care physician practices owned by BHCS and focuses on measures of care p...
Weber, Randal S
The 2001 report by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) titled Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century highlighted the gap that exists between what we know to be effective, beneficial care and the care that is often delivered to an individual patient.(1) In the report, the IOM stated, "Between the health care we have and the care we could have lies not just a gap, but a chasm."(1)((p1)) The report, signifying a national initiative to improve the quality of care in the United States, articulated the following 6 aims for a new health care system: (1) to increase the safety of health care by avoiding injuries to patients through care intended to help them; (2) to provide effective services based on scientific knowledge and to avoid services of no proven benefit; (3) to deliver individualized treatment respectful of and responsive to the patient's preferences, needs, and values; (4) to deliver timely care by reducing wait times and harmful delays; (5) to increase efficiency by not wasting equipment, supplies, ideas, and energy; and (6) to deliver care that is equitable and does not vary by personal characteristics, patient sex, ethnicity, geography, and social economic status. The IOM also recognized a need to optimize quality cancer care in the United States. PMID:18086958
Johnson, Anna D.; Ryan, Rebecca M.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne
The federal child-care subsidy program represents one of the government's largest investments in early care and education, but little is known about whether it increases low-income children's access to higher quality child care. This study used newly available nationally representative data on 4-year-old children (N = 750) to investigate whether…
Full Text Available Abstract Background Leadership and staffing are recognised as important factors for quality of care. This study examines the effects of ward leaders' task- and relationship-oriented leadership styles, staffing levels, ratio of registered nurses and ratio of unlicensed staff on three independent measures of quality of care. Methods A cross-sectional survey of forty nursing home wards throughout Norway was used to collect the data. Five sources of data were utilised: self-report questionnaires to 444 employees, interviews with and questionnaires to 13 nursing home directors and 40 ward managers, telephone interviews with 378 relatives and 900 hours of field observations. Separate multi-level analyses were conducted for quality of care assessed by relatives, staff and field observations respectively. Results Task-oriented leadership style had a significant positive relationship with two of the three quality of care indexes. In contrast, relationship-oriented leadership style was not significantly related to any of the indexes. The lack of significant effect for relationship-oriented leadership style was due to a strong correlation between the two leadership styles (r = 0.78. Staffing levels and ratio of registered nurses were not significantly related to any of the quality of care indexes. The ratio of unlicensed staff, however, showed a significant negative relationship to quality as assessed by relatives and field observations, but not to quality as assessed by staff. Conclusions Leaders in nursing homes should focus on active leadership and particularly task-oriented behaviour like structure, coordination, clarifying of staff roles and monitoring of operations to increase quality of care. Furthermore, nursing homes should minimize use of unlicensed staff and address factors related to high ratios of unlicensed staff, like low staff stability. The study indicates, however, that the relationship between staffing levels, ratio of registered nurses and quality of care is complex. Increasing staffing levels or the ratio of registered nurses alone is not likely sufficient for increasing quality of care.
Daniel-Robinson, Lekisha; Cha, Stephen; Lillie-Blanton, Marsha
Improving women's health and perinatal health outcomes is a high priority for Medicaid, the jointly financed federal-state health coverage program. The authorities provided by the Affordable Care Act give Medicaid new resources and opportunities to improve coverage and perinatal care. Given that the Medicaid program currently covers almost half of all births in the United States, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, working in partnership with states and other stakeholders, is using new and existing authorities to improve birth outcomes. Quality measurement, quality-improvement projects, and expanded models of care underscore the major quality approach of the center. As an outgrowth of an expert panel that included membership of several state Medicaid medical directors, Medicaid providers, and consumer representatives, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' Center for Medicaid and CHIP Services launched the Maternal and Infant Health Initiative, which aims to increase postpartum visit rates and the use of effective contraception among women covered by Medicaid. This Initiative provides focus on key opportunities and strategies to improve the rate, measurement, timing, and content of postpartum visits. Additionally, a focus on contraception will serve to improve pregnancy planning and spacing and prevent unintended pregnancy. As the Initiative evolves, the Center for Medicaid and CHIP Services plans to identify policy, service delivery, and reimbursement policies to advance the Initiative's goals and improve outcomes for women covered by Medicaid. PMID:26241435
Peters, Michele; Jenkinson, Crispin; Perera, Suraj; Loder, Elizabeth; Jensen, Rigmor; Katsarava, Zaza; Gil Gouveia, Raquel; Broner, Susan; Steiner, Timothy
The objective of this study was to define "quality" of headache care, and develop indicators that are applicable in different settings and cultures and to all types of headache. No definition of quality of headache care has been formulated. Two sets of quality indicators, proposed in the US and UK...... findings we proposed a large number of putative quality indicators, and refined these and reduced their number in consultations with larger international groups of stakeholder representatives. We formulated a definition of quality from the quality indicators. Five main themes were identified: (1) headache...... services; (2) health professionals; (3) patients; (4) financial resources; (5) political agenda and legislation. An initial list of 160 putative quality indicators in 14 domains was reduced to 30 indicators in 9 domains. These gave rise to the following multidimensional definition of quality of headache...
Full Text Available Abstract Background Mobile health (mHealth is emerging as a useful tool to improve healthcare access especially in the developing world, where limited access to health services is linked to poor antenatal care, and maternal and perinatal mortality. The objective of this study is to 1 understand pregnant women’s access and usage of cell phones and 2 survey the health information needs and interests in a population attending public hospitals and health centers of two cities in Argentina. This information is not available and it is the basis to develop a strategy for improving maternal care via cell phones. Methods Questionnaires were verbally administered to pregnant women who were attending an antenatal care visit in community health centers and public hospitals in Rosario, Santa Fe and Mercedes, Corrientes. Participants were 18?years of age or older and had previously given birth. The data obtained was qualitative and analyzed using SPSS version 18. Results A total of 147 pregnant women meeting inclusion criteria (Rosario: 63; Mercedes: 84 were approached and verbally consented to participate. The average age was 29.5?years, most lived in urban areas (89% with a mean travel time of 43.4 minutes required to get to the health center and 57.3 minutes to get the hospital. Ninety-six percent of women (n?=?140 responded that they would like to receive text messages and cell phone calls with information regarding prenatal care, although the topics and period of time to receive information varied greatly. Conclusions Considering the vast majority of the interviewed women had access to and were interested in receiving text messages and calls with educational information regarding pregnancy and infant health, pregnant women in Argentina could benefit from such an mHealth program. The low access to Internet suggests it is not an option for this population; however, this cannot be assumed as representative of the country’s situation. To retain active participation, other forms of health communication, such as a 2-way text message systems or toll-free numbers, could be considered in the future. Cost of use and implementing these options should be studied.
Peters, Michele; Jenkinson, Crispin; Perera, Suraj; Loder, Elizabeth; Jensen, Rigmor; Katsarava, Zaza; Gil Gouveia, Raquel; Broner, Susan; Steiner, Timothy
The objective of this study was to define "quality" of headache care, and develop indicators that are applicable in different settings and cultures and to all types of headache. No definition of quality of headache care has been formulated. Two sets of quality indicators, proposed in the US and U......." Quality in headache care is multidimensional and resides in nine essential domains that are of equal importance. The indicators are currently being tested for feasibility of use in clinical settings.......The objective of this study was to define "quality" of headache care, and develop indicators that are applicable in different settings and cultures and to all types of headache. No definition of quality of headache care has been formulated. Two sets of quality indicators, proposed in the US and UK......, are limited to their localities and/or specific to migraine and their development received no input from people with headache. We first undertook a literature review. Then we conducted a series of focus-group consultations with key stakeholders (doctors, nurses and patients) in headache care. From the...
Makharia, Govind K.
Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic and progressive inflammatory disease of the intestine. Overall, healthcare delivery for patients with CD is not optimal at the present time and therefore needs improvement. There are evidences which suggest that there is a variation in the care provided to patients with CD by the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) experts and community care providers. The delivery of healthcare for patients with CD is often complex and requires coordination between gastroentero...
Validade, confiabilidade e evitabilidade da causa básica dos óbitos neonatais ocorridos em unidade de cuidados intensivos da Rede Norte-Nordeste de Saúde Perinatal Validez, confiabilidad y evitabilidad de la causa básica de óbitos neonatales ocurridos en una unidad de cuidados intensivos de la Red Norte-Nordeste de Salud Perinatal Validity and reliability of data and avoidability of the underlying cause of neonatal deaths in the intensive care unit of the North-Northeast Perinatal Care Network
Isabel Marlúcia Lopes Moreira de Almeida
Full Text Available Analisar a validade e confiabilidade da causa básica e a evitabilidade dos óbitos neonatais ocorridos em unidade de cuidados intensivos da Rede Norte-Nordeste de Saúde Perinatal (RENOSPE. A amostra foi de 53 óbitos neonatais contidos no banco de dados da RENOSPE e ocorridos em maternidade de Teresina, Piauí, Brasil. A validade foi feita comparando-se as causas da Rede com as obtidas dos prontuários, sendo calculado kappa, sensibilidade e valor preditivo positivo (VPP. Na análise da evitabilidade, foi utilizada a Lista Brasileira de Causas de Mortes Evitáveis. Quando comparadas as causas de óbitos entre RENOSPE e prontuários, o kappa foi de 47,6% para causas maternas e 73,9% para malformações congênitas, sensibilidade de 95% e 83,3%, e VPP de 88,9% e 85,7%, respectivamente. O percentual de óbitos evitáveis na RENOSPE foi elevado, sendo por adequada atenção à mulher na gestação em 72% dos casos. As causas classificadas como malformações congênitas foram válidas, e os óbitos evitáveis apontam para necessidade do controle da gravidez.Analizar la validez y confiabilidad de la causa básica de los óbitos neonatales y su evitabilidad, ocurridos en una unidad de cuidados intensivos de la Red Norte-Nordeste de Salud Perinatal (RENOSPE. La muestra fue de 53 óbitos neonatales, incluidos en el banco de datos de la RENOSPE y ocurridos en la maternidad de Teresina, Piauí, Brasil. La validez fue realizada comparándose las causas de la red, con las obtenidas de los historiales médicos, calculándose kappa, sensibilidad y valor predictivo positivo (VPP. En el análisis de la evitabilidad, se utilizó la lista brasileña de causas de muertes evitables. Resultados: cuando se comparan las causas de óbitos entre RENOSPE y los historiales, el kappa fue de un 47,6% con respecto a causas maternas y un 73,9% para malformaciones congénitas, sensibilidad de un 95% y un 83,3%, y VPP de un 88,9% y un 85,7%, respectivamente. El porcentaje de óbitos evitables en la RENOSPE fue elevado, considerándose adecuada la atención a la mujer en la gestación en un 72% de los casos. Conclusión: las causas clasificadas como malformaciones congénitas fueron válidas, y los óbitos evitables indican una necesidad de control del embarazo.The aim of this study was to analyze the validity and reliability of data and the avoidability of neonatal deaths in the intensive care unit in the North-Northeast Perinatal Care Network (RENOSPE. The sample included 53 neonatal deaths recorded in the RENOSPE database that occurred in a maternity hospital in Teresina, Piauí State, Brazil. Validity was assessed by comparing causes recorded in the database with those from patient charts and calculating kappa index, sensitivity, and positive predictive value (PPV. Analysis of avoidability used the Brazilian List of Avoidable Deaths. When causes of death recorded in the RENOSPE database were compared with patient charts, kappa was 47.6% for maternal causes and 73.9% for congenital malformations, sensitivity was 95% and 83.3%, and PPV was 88.9% and 85.7%, respectively. The percentage of avoidable deaths in the RENOSPE database was high, attributable to lack of adequate prenatal care in 72% of cases. In conclusion, causes classified as congenital malformations were valid, and the high rate of avoidable deaths points to the need for improved prenatal care.
Peragallo Urrutia, Rachel; Berger, Alexander A; Ivins, Amber A; Beckham, A Jenna; Thorp Jr, John M; Nicholson, Wanda K
Background The use of Internet-based behavioral programs may be an efficient, flexible method to enhance prenatal care and improve pregnancy outcomes. There are few data about access to, and use of, the Internet via computers and mobile phones among pregnant women. Objective We describe pregnant womenâ€™s access to, and use of, computers, mobile phones, and computer technologies (eg, Internet, blogs, chat rooms) in a southern United States population. We describe the willingness of pregnant wom...
Feazell, G Landon; Marren, John P
Powerful forces are converging in US health care to finally cause recognition of the inherently logical relationship between quality and money. The forces, or marketplace "drivers," which are converging to compel recognition of the relationship between cost and quality are: (1) the increasing costs of care; (2) the recurrence of another medical malpractice crisis; and (3) the recognition inside and outside of health care that quality is inconsistent and unacceptable. It is apparent that hospital administrators, financial officers, board members, and medical staff leadership do not routinely do two things: (1) relate quality to finance; and (2) appreciate the intra-hospital structural problems that impede quality attainment. This article discusses these factors and offers a positive method for re-structuring quality efforts and focusing the hospital and its medical staff on quality. The simple but compelling thesis of the authors is that health care must immediately engage in the transformation to making quality of medical care the fundamental business strategy of the organization. PMID:14977035
Evaluación de la mortalidad perinatal en mujeres autóctonas e inmigrantes: influencia de la exhaustividad y la calidad de los registros Perinatal mortality assessment in native and immigrant women: influence of exhaustiveness and quality of the registries
Isabel Río Sánchez
Full Text Available Objetivo: Realizar un análisis comparativo de la exhaustividad de los datos sobre mortalidad perinatal en la Comunitat Valenciana recogidos en el Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE y en el Registro de Mortalidad Perinatal (RMPCV. Posteriormente, calcular y comparar la tasa de mortalidad perinatal (TMP y sus componentes en gestantes autóctonas e inmigrantes, tomando como referencia los casos notificados a ambos registros durante 2005 y 2006. Métodos: Se definieron los distintos tipos de mortalidad de acuerdo con los criterios establecidos por la OMS. La magnitud de la infradeclaración se analizó calculando las frecuencias y porcentajes de muertes infradeclaradas para el período 2005-2006. Se calcularon y compararon las diversas tasas entre mujeres autóctonas e inmigrantes de los cuatro grupos mayoritarios a partir de ambos registros, así como los intervalos de confianza del 95% para dichas tasas. Resultados: En el INE existe un importante subregistro de muertes fetales y neonatales. Además, constan neonatos fallecidos de madre extranjera con nacionalidad española asignada. Ambos factores distorsionan la proporción de muertes fetales y neonatales en inmigrantes, y provocan una infraestimación de la TMP y sus componentes en estos colectivos, pues las obtenidas a partir del RMPCV son muy superiores en las mujeres inmigrantes, en particular en las de Europa del Este y las subsaharianas, en comparación con las autóctonas. Conclusiones: En definitiva, nuestros resultados indican que ambos registros son complementarios, pero el RMPCV presenta una mayor exhaustividad y fiabilidad para el cálculo de tasas. Además, sugieren la necesidad de monitorizar la evolución de la TMP en la población inmigrante en España.Objective: To analyze the exhaustiveness and reliability of the data on perinatal mortality in two Spanish registries, namely, the National Statistics Institute and the Perinatal Mortality Registry of the Valencian Community and to calculate and compare the perinatal mortality rate (PMR and its components in native and immigrant women, based on the cases reported to both registries in 2005 and 2006. Methods: Perinatal mortality and its components were defined according to the World Health Organization's criteria. The magnitude of underreporting was calculated by taking into account the frequencies and percentages of deaths not declared for 2005-2006. Rates and their 95% confidence intervals were calculated and compared between native and immigrant women using data from both registries. Results: Fetal and neonatal deaths were substantially underreported in the National Statistics Institute compared with the Perinatal Mortality Registry of the Valencian Community. Moreover, in the National Statistics Institute, some neonatal deaths among the offspring of immigrant women were misclassified as being of Spanish nationality. These two factors distorted the proportion of fetal and neonatal deaths in immigrant women, giving rise to an underestimation of the PMR and its components, since the rates obtained from the Perinatal Mortality Registry of the Valencian Community were higher in immigrant than in Spanish women, particularly among east-European and sub-Saharan women. Conclusions: Our results indicate that both registries are complementary. However, the Perinatal Mortality Registry of the Valencian Community was found to be more exhaustive and to have greater reliability. Our results also suggest the importance of monitoring trends in PMR in the immigrant population in Spain.
Fiscella, Kevin; Sanders, Mechelle R
The annual National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports document widespread and persistent racial and ethnic disparities. These disparities result from complex interactions between patient factors related to social disadvantage, clinicians, and organizational and health care system factors. Separate and unequal systems of health care between states, between health care systems, and between clinicians constrain the resources that are available to meet the needs of disadvantaged groups, contribute to unequal outcomes, and reinforce implicit bias. Recent data suggest slow progress in many areas but have documented a few notable successes in eliminating these disparities. To eliminate these disparities, continued progress will require a collective national will to ensure health care equity through expanded health insurance coverage, support for primary care, and public accountability based on progress toward defined, time-limited objectives using evidence-based, sufficiently resourced, multilevel quality improvement strategies that engage patients, clinicians, health care organizations, and communities. PMID:26789384
Wouters, Michael Wilhelmus Jacobus Maria
This thesis shows that quality of care in surgical oncology varies by provider and is partly based on differences in procedural volume and other attributes of hospitals. Especially for low-volume high-risk surgical procedures concentration of services in hospitals with better outcomes (outcome-based referral) can lead to dramatic improvement in short- as well as long-term outcomes. Casemix- and reliability adjustments are essential in the evaluation of quality of care. In addit...
Havig Anders; Skogstad Anders; Kjekshus Lars; Romøren Tor
Abstract Background Leadership and staffing are recognised as important factors for quality of care. This study examines the effects of ward leaders' task- and relationship-oriented leadership styles, staffing levels, ratio of registered nurses and ratio of unlicensed staff on three independent measures of quality of care. Methods A cross-sectional survey of forty nursing home wards throughout Norway was used to collect the data. Five sources of data were utilised: self-report questionnaires ...
Chu, Joseph; Polissar, Lincoln; Tamimi, Hisham K.
A study was done to assess the quality of care received by women with stage I cervical cancer. Through a population-based registry serving 13 counties of western Washington, including Seattle, we identified all women residents in whom local-stage cervical cancer developed between January 1974 and December 1978 (N=369). The cases were subdivided into stage IA (microinvasive) and stage IB (frankly invasive). Quality of care was defined as optimal or suboptimal at the outset of the study; this d...
Scott A Berkowitz; Gary Gerstenblith; Robert Herbert; et. al.
Scott A Berkowitz1, Gary Gerstenblith1, Robert Herbert2, Gerard Anderson1,21Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 2Center for Hospital Finance and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USAAbstract: There is significant regional variability in the quality of care provided in the United States. This article compares regional performance for three measures that focus on transitions in care, and the care of p...
Blum, Torsten G; Rich, Anna; Baldwin, David; Beckett, Paul; De Ruysscher, Dirk; Faivre-Finn, Corinne; Gaga, Mina; Gamarra, Fernando; Grigoriu, Bogdan; Hansen, Niels C G; Hubbard, Richard; Huber, Rudolf Maria; Jakobsen, Erik; Jovanovic, Dragana; Konsoulova, Assia; Kollmeier, Jens; Massard, Gilbert; McPhelim, John; Meert, Anne-Pascale; Milroy, Robert; Paesmans, Marianne; Peake, Mick; Putora, Paul-Martin; Scherpereel, Arnaud; Schönfeld, Nicolas; Sitter, Helmut; Skaug, Knut; Spiro, Stephen; Strand, Trond-Eirik; Taright, Samya; Thomas, Michael; van Schil, Paul E; Vansteenkiste, Johan F; Wiewrodt, Rainer; Sculier, Jean-Paul
Lung cancer is the commonest cause of cancer-related death worldwide and poses a significant respiratory disease burden. Little is known about the provision of lung cancer care across Europe. The overall aim of the Task Force was to investigate current practice in lung cancer care across Europe. The Task Force undertook four projects: 1) a narrative literature search on quality management of lung cancer; 2) a survey of national and local infrastructure for lung cancer care in Europe; 3) a benchm...
Bhatti, Junaid A; Waseem, Hunniya; Junaid A Razzak; Shiekh, Naeem-ul-lah; Khoso, Ajmal Khan; Salmi, L.-Rachid
Interurban road crashes often result in severe Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs). Prehospital emergency care on interurban roads was rarely evaluated in the low- and middle-income countries. The study highlighted the availability and quality of prehospital care facilities on interurban roads in Pakistan, a low-income country. The study setting was a 592-km-long National highway in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Using the questionnaires adapted from the World Health Organization prehospital care ...
Blum, Torsten G; Rich, Anna
Lung cancer is the commonest cause of cancer-related death worldwide and poses a significant respiratory disease burden. Little is known about the provision of lung cancer care across Europe. The overall aim of the Task Force was to investigate current practice in lung cancer care across Europe. The Task Force undertook four projects: 1) a narrative literature search on quality management of lung cancer; 2) a survey of national and local infrastructure for lung cancer care in Europe; 3) a benchmarking project on the quality of (inter)national lung cancer guidelines in Europe; and 4) a feasibility study of prospective data collection in a pan-European setting. There is little peer-reviewed literature on quality management in lung cancer care. The survey revealed important differences in the infrastructure of lung cancer care in Europe. The European guidelines that were assessed displayed wide variation in content and scope, as well as methodological quality but at the same time there was relevant duplication. The feasibility study demonstrated that it is, in principle, feasible to collect prospective demographic and clinical data on patients with lung cancer. Legal obligations vary among countries. The European Initiative for Quality Management in Lung Cancer Care has provided the first comprehensive snapshot of lung cancer care in Europe.
Stein, Spencer M; Day, Michael; Karia, Raj; Hutzler, Lorraine; Bosco, Joseph A
Favorable patient experience and low complication rates have been proposed as essential components of patient-centered medical care. Patients' perception of care is a key performance metric and is used to determine payments to hospitals. It is unclear if there is a correlation between technical quality of care and patient satisfaction. The study authors correlated patient perceptions of care measured by the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems scores with accepted quality of care indicators. The Hospital Compare database (4605 hospitals) was used to examine complication rates and patient-reported experience for hospitals across the nation in 2011. The majority of the correlations demonstrated an inverse relationship between patient experience and complication rates. This negative correlation suggests that reducing these complications can lead to a better hospital experience. Overall, these results suggest that patient experience is generally correlated with the quality of care provided. PMID:24740016
This article explores multidisciplinary team working, inter-disciplinary, trans-disciplinary and effective collaborative practice in order to provide high-quality patient care. It discusses different views on collaboration, some of the issues around cross-discipline and multi-agency working and concerns around promoting 'high-quality' care. It also discusses the importance of evidence-based practice in multidisciplinary teams. Issues around good-quality care, clinical governance and the audit cycle in MDTs are addressed. The article highlights the importance of the 6Cs (care, compassion, competence, communication, courage and commitment) in MDTs if quality care is to be achieved. The article also explores advantages and limitations of multidisciplinary team working, trans-disciplinary working and inter-professional working in developing and delivering high-quality patient-centred care. Further research is needed on how clinical audits can help to improve how MDTs function in order improve the quality of service provided to clients. PMID:25072333
Boucher, Nathan A; Mcmillen, Marvin A; Gould, James S
Quality medical care is a clinical and public health imperative, but defining quality and achieving improved, measureable outcomes are extremely complex challenges. Adherence to best practice invariably improves outcomes. Nonphysician medical providers (NPMPs), such as physician assistants and advanced practice nurses (eg, nurse practitioners, advanced practice registered nurses, certified registered nurse anesthetists, and certified nurse midwives), may be the first caregivers to encounter the patient and can act as agents for change for an organization's quality-improvement mandate. NPMPs are well positioned to both initiate and ensure optimal adherence to best practices and care processes from the moment of initial contact because they have robust clinical training and are integral to trainee/staff education and the timely delivery of care. The health care quality aspects that the practicing NPMP can affect are objective, appreciative, and perceptive. As bedside practitioners and participants in the administrative and team process, NPMPs can fine-tune care delivery, avoiding the problem areas defined by the Institute of Medicine: misuse, overuse, and underuse of care. This commentary explores how NPMPs can affect quality by 1) supporting best practices through the promotion of guidelines and protocols, and 2) playing active, if not leadership, roles in patient engagement and organizational quality-improvement efforts. PMID:25663213
MRI is invaluable in assessing the neonatal brain following suspected perinatal injury. Good quality imaging requires adaptations to both the hardware and the sequences used for adults or older children. The perinatal and postnatal details often predict the pattern of lesions sustained and should be available to aid interpretation of the imaging findings. Perinatal lesions, the pattern of which can predict neurodevelopmental outcome, are at their most obvious on conventional imaging between 1 and 2 weeks from birth. Very early imaging during the first week may be useful to make management decisions in ventilated neonates but brain abnormalities may still be subtle using conventional sequences. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is very useful for the early identification of ischaemic tissue in the neonatal brain but may underestimate the final extent of injury, particularly basal ganglia and thalamic lesions. MR imaging is an excellent predictor of outcome following perinatal brain injury and can therefore be used as a biomarker in interventional trials designed to reduce injury and improve neurodevelopmental outcome. (orig.)
Rutherford, Mary; Allsop, Joanna [Imperial College, Robert Steiner MR Unit, Perinatal Imaging, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital, London (United Kingdom); Martinez Biarge, Miriam [La Paz University Hospital, Dept of Neonatology, Madrid (Spain); Counsell, Serena [Imperial College, Robert Steiner MR Unit, Neonatal Medicine, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital, London (United Kingdom); Cowan, Frances [Imperial College, Dept of Paediatrics, Hammersmith Hospital, London (United Kingdom)
MRI is invaluable in assessing the neonatal brain following suspected perinatal injury. Good quality imaging requires adaptations to both the hardware and the sequences used for adults or older children. The perinatal and postnatal details often predict the pattern of lesions sustained and should be available to aid interpretation of the imaging findings. Perinatal lesions, the pattern of which can predict neurodevelopmental outcome, are at their most obvious on conventional imaging between 1 and 2 weeks from birth. Very early imaging during the first week may be useful to make management decisions in ventilated neonates but brain abnormalities may still be subtle using conventional sequences. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is very useful for the early identification of ischaemic tissue in the neonatal brain but may underestimate the final extent of injury, particularly basal ganglia and thalamic lesions. MR imaging is an excellent predictor of outcome following perinatal brain injury and can therefore be used as a biomarker in interventional trials designed to reduce injury and improve neurodevelopmental outcome. (orig.)
Gilbert, Jaesook Lee; Harte, Helene Arbouet
This paper describes efforts to increase the quality in early care and education through targeted coaching. A collaborative including several community agencies and a university developed a framework of support for early care and education providers, using coaching as its foundational basis, called Coaching to Quality (CTQ). This paper provides a…
Boyce, Patricia Simino; Pace, Karen B; Lauder, Bonnie; Solomon, Debra A
Research on quality of care has shown that vigorous leadership, clear goals, and compatible incentive systems are critical factors in influencing successful change (Institute of Medicine, 2001). Quality improvement is a complex process, and clinical quality improvement applications are more likely to be effective in organizations that are ready for change and have strong leaders, who are committed to creating and reinforcing a work environment that supports quality goals (Shortell, 1998). Key leadership roles include providing clear and sustained direction, articulating a coherent set of values and incentives to guide group and individual activities, aligning and integrating improvement efforts into organizational priorities, obtaining or freeing up resources to implement improvement activities, and creating a culture of "continuous improvement" that encourages and rewards the pursuit and achievement of shared quality aims (Institute of Medicine, 2001, 70-71). In summary, home health care is a significant and growing sector of the health care system that provides care to millions of vulnerable patients. There seems little doubt that home health agencies want to focus on quality of care issues and provide optimal care to home-based patients. Furthermore, there is a growing awareness of the value for adapting innovative, effective models for improving the culture of home care practice. This awareness stems from the notion that some agencies see quality improvement activities as a way for them to distinguish themselves not only to regulators and customers, but also to meet the cultural and transformational needs to remain viable in a constantly evolving and competitive health care industry. PMID:17966307
Mocan, H. Naci
Data collected in visits to 50 for-profit and 50 nonprofit day care centers showed no quality differences and little efficiency difference between the two sectors. Cost of increasing quality from mediocre to good was 12-16 cents per child-hour. (SK)
All too often, the focus of the very clever strategy papers produced in the upper reaches of the health department is on the next grand plan. Some of these reforms have been catastrophic for the quality of service that patients experience at ward level. Of these, the contracting out culture introduced in the 1980s and the 1990s has been the worst. Researching my book, Hard work—life in low pay Britain, I took six jobs at around the minimum wage, including work as a hospital porter, as a hospi...
Lourdes Camarena O
Full Text Available Objective: this article describes the process and results of a research on the quality of prenatal care from the perspective of pregnant women who use the principal subsystems of the Mexican healthcare system in the city of Chihuahua, Mexico. Methodology: the ?eld of cognitive anthropology was adopted using techniques that reveal the organization of concepts of quality in prenatal care based on pregnant women’s knowledge and experience, in terms of where they decided to seek care. Results: aspects of care quality assumed as satis?ers that are important to women when they seek prenatal care in different healthcare institutions are presented. These women prefer to obtain full information from their healthcare providers about how to take care of themselves during their pregnancy, and, additionally, they also wish to be treated in a kind way showing respect and interest in their emotions and feelings on the part of the physicians. They also criticize the condition of the hospitals and the lack of medicines that were supposed to be provided. The methods that were utilized are considered to contribute to the improvement of quality in prenatal service and, furthermore, to optimizing the continuity of care for pregnant women.
Coxon, Ian Robert
This working paper, as we will call it, presents two (pro)positions that should be seen as works in progress. Their job is to enable the beginnings of a conversation directed at advancing another work in progress, the Ecology of Care project. The essential goal of this paper and the symposium that it serves to inform is to begin a process of concretizing the otherwise lost but vitally important concept we call Care. In writing this paper we will attempt to adopt a 'position' through an extensive but not complete review of existing and past thinking in order to "find a line and then to hang a convincing and interesting story on it" (Glanville, 2014). In doing this we also recognise and appreciate that some readers may find the text less than accessible at times because of what might be viewed as philosophical or esoteric language. Using this language and writing style is not intentionally done to make the reading and understanding process heavy going. It is quite the opposite, in fact. At times it has been necessary to delve sufficiently deeply into some of the topics discussed using the language of the thinkers who have paved the way. This may be off-putting to some who are not familiar with these fields and these types of terminology and this has been avoided where possible as we would like to speak clearly to an intentionally diverse audience from academia, government and industry. So if you, the reader, feel a little confused by some of the arguments, then that is also helpful. Please remember that your reactions are important as they tell us what we need to make clearer. Through the concepts presented in this paper, we have tried to tell the most understandable story, knowing that for some readers the presentation will be too dense and for others too simplistic. If you find that you struggle with some of the ways the concepts are presented, please follow Glanville's suggestion and not simply dismiss the ideas by giving up on the reading but do persevere. By monitoring the way in which you grapple with someor all of the propositions put forward in this paper you will be contributing to the collective understanding that we are striving for. The 'position' or in this case propositions, delivered in this paper take two forms. Firstly we will present a framework for understanding Care in terms of Dimensions of Care. This framework is very conceptual and in some ways a severe abstraction of the acknowledged complexity of such a holistic notion such as Care. Its role is to simplify Care, as we formulate it, to a point where its complexity can begin to be understood in ways that might be practically useful. After all, Care derives much of its meaning through the actions taken in its name, but more on this later. The second proposition offers a set of essential qualities that Care possesses which might help us to better understand the concept so that we might apply them in more practical ways. These qualities take on increased importance when we consider that Care is essentially what it means to be human so essentially these qualities of Care form a kind of conceptual DNA , a set of building blocks for how we might recognise Care in and for ourselves as a species differentiated from others. Again, more on this later. In presenting these two propositions as Dimensions of Care and Qualities of Care we fully acknowledge that they and the sub-elements that constitute them are never discrete or fixed at any point. Like the relationship between light particles and light waves, these 'parts' constitute an evolving system of living interaction and Being that defines Care, where any or all of Cares parts at any given point in time are continually co-constituting each other within a dynamic and interactive whole we call everyday life. In a highly abbreviated form our two key propositions are presented as follows; PROPOSITION 1: DIMENSIONS OF CARE Care is informed and shaped by everyday experience; it is constituted over time in consciously aware responses that impact on our self, others and the world. PROPOSITION 2: QUALITIES OF CARE.
Geoffrey C Nguyen
Full Text Available Hospitalized patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD are at high risk for morbidity, mortality, and health care utilization costs. While the literature on trends in hospitalization rates for this disease is conflicting, there does appear to be significant variation in the delivery of care to this complex group, which may be a marker of suboptimal quality of care. There is a need for improvement in identifying patients at risk for hospitalization in an effort to reduce admissions. Moreover, appropriate screening for a number of hospital acquired complications such as venous thromboembolism and Clostridium difficile infection is suboptimal. This review discusses areas of inpatient care for IBD patients that are in need of improvement and outlines a number of potential quality improvement initiatives such as pay-for-performance models, quality improvement frameworks, and healthcare information technology.
N. V. Tretyakova
Full Text Available The paper deals with one of the priority tasks of Russian educational system – developing the health responsibility. The recent health deterioration trend among children and adolescents calls for the complex health care measures, equally affecting the learning outcomes. The authors argue that there is a need for proper definition and specification of the key term of health care quality. However, the analysis of the available scientific and documentary recourses demonstrates the absence of such unified definition. The authors describe the existing approaches to defining the health care quality, and examine structural components of the health care activity, their interrelations and interdependence. In authors’ opinion, the synthesis of the available research materials provides the basis for further studies in the theory and practice of quality management activities regarding the health protection of children, adolescents and young adults in educational institutions.
Labour complications remain the most important risk factors for perinatal mortality in rural Kenya / Les complications du travail restent les facteurs de risque les plus importants de mortalité périnatale dans les zones rurales du Kenya / Las complicaciones del parto siguen siendo el factor de riesgo de mortalidad perinatal más importante en la Kenya rural
Renay, Weiner; Carine, Ronsmans; Ed, Dorman; Hilton, Jilo; Anne, Muhoro; Caroline, Shulman.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar y cuantificar los factores de riesgo de mortalidad perinatal en un hospital de distrito de Kenya y evaluar la proporción de defunciones perinatales atribuibles a complicaciones del parto, desnutrición materna, malaria, anemia y virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH). MÉTODO [...] S: Entre enero de 1996 y julio de 1997 se realizó un estudio transversal de 910 nacimientos para analizar los factores de riesgo de defunción perinatal. RESULTADOS: La tasa de mortalidad perinatal fue de 118 por 1000 nacimientos. Las complicaciones del parto consistentes en hemorragias, ruptura prematura de membranas/parto prematuro, y parto obstruido/presentación defectuosa multiplicaban el riesgo de defunción por un factor de entre 8 y 62, y el 53% de todas las defunciones perinatales se atribuyeron a complicaciones del parto. La malaria placentaria y el VIH materno, en cambio, no se asociaron a mortalidad perinatal. CONCLUSIÓN: Es necesario prestar más atención a la calidad de la atención obstétrica dispensada en el entorno de los hospitales de distrito rurales. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To identify and quantify risk factors for perinatal mortality in a Kenyan district hospital and to assess the proportion of perinatal deaths attributable to labour complications, maternal undernutrition, malaria, anaemia and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS: A cross-sectional [...] study of 910 births was conducted between January 1996 and July 1997 and risk factors for perinatal mortality were analysed. FINDINGS: The perinatal mortality rate was 118 per 1000 births. Complications of labour such as haemorrhage, premature rupture of membranes/premature labour, and obstructed labour/ malpresentation increased the risk of death between 8- and 62-fold, and 53% of all perinatal deaths were attributable to labour complications. Placental malaria and maternal HIV, on the other hand, were not associated with perinatal mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Greater attention needs to be given to the quality of obstetric care provided in the rural district-hospital setting.
Vollaard, Hans; van de Bovenkamp, Hester M.; Vrangbæk, Karsten
Despite the fact that Member States and many citizens of the EU like to keep healthcare a foremost national competence and the EU treaties state that Member States remain primarily responsible for the organization and delivery of health care services, the European Union (EU) has expanded its involvement in healthcare policy over the last twenty years. Based on interviews and document and literature analysis we show that the scope of EU involvement has widened from public health and access to car...
Diabetes is on the rise world wide; according to the latest report from the International Diabetes Federation, the number of people affected by the disease will increase by 55% from 382 in 2013 to almost 600 million in 2033. Individuals living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes are at increased risk for depression and anxiety. Diabetes impacts on physical, emotional, social and financial aspects of life across cultures and countries, yet gaps in care exist around psychosocial and self-management education and support. The DAWN2 study provides a first multinational, multidisciplinary systematic framework for the comparison of unmet needs of people with diabetes and those who care for them in four continents. it is necessary to develop a system of patient-centered care, in which the empowerment of the person is the main instrument, and at the same time target on which to focus. Transforming study results into actions at the national level will represent one of the main activities of the DAWN2 initiative. In Italy, to do so, it is not enough write new documents but new resources are required. PMID:25282349
Ferrua, Marie; Sicotte, Claude; LallouÃ©, BenoÃ®t; Minvielle, Etienne
Context The strategy of publicly reporting quality indicators is being widely promoted through public policies as a way to make health care delivery more efficient. Objective To assess general practitionersâ€™ (GPs) use of the comparative hospital quality indicators made available by public services and the media, as well as GPsâ€™ perceptions of their qualities and usefulness. Method A telephone survey of a random sample representing all self-employed GPs in private practice in France. Results A...
The second report from the US Institute of Medicine Crossing the Quality Chasm, highlighted the deficiencies in health care quality in the USA, analyzed the contributory factors, and proposed 13 recommendations for improvements. Clearly, the challenges are enormous. Can anything be learned from the experiences of other countries? This article describes the author's experiences of health care quality improvement efforts in the National Health Service in England and their implications for the U...
Siegel, Erin M; Jacobsen, Paul B; Lee, Ji-Hyun; Malafa, Mokenge; Fulp, William; Fletcher, Michelle; Smith, Jesusa Corazon R; Brown, Richard; Levine, Richard; Cartwright, Thomas; Abesada-Terk, Guillermo; Kim, George; Alemany, Carlos; Faig, Douglas; Sharp, Philip; Markham, Merry-Jennifer; Shibata, David
BACKGROUND The quality of cancer care has become a national priority; however, there are few ongoing efforts to assist medical oncology practices in identifying areas for improvement. The Florida Initiative for Quality Cancer Care is a consortium of 11 medical oncology practices that evaluates the quality of cancer care across Florida. Within this practice-based system of self-assessment, we determined adherence to colorectal cancer quality of care indicators (QCIs) in 2006, disseminated results to each practice and reassessed adherence in 2009. The current report focuses on evaluating the direction and magnitude of change in adherence to QCIs for colorectal cancer patients between the 2 assessments. STUDY DESIGN Medical records were reviewed for all colorectal cancer patients seen by a medical oncologist in 2006 (n = 489) and 2009 (n = 511) at 10 participating practices. Thirty-five indicators were evaluated individually and changes in QCI adherence over time and by site were examined. RESULTS Significant improvements were noted from 2006 to 2009, with large gains in surgical/pathological QCIs (eg, documenting rectal radial margin status, lymphovascular invasion, and the review of ?12 lymph nodes) and medical oncology QCIs (documenting planned treatment regimen and providing recommended neoadjuvant regimens). Documentation of perineural invasion and radial margins significantly improved; however, adherence remained low (47% and 71%, respectively). There was significant variability in adherence for some QCIs across institutions at follow-up. CONCLUSIONS The Florida Initiative for Quality Cancer Care practices conducted self-directed quality-improvement efforts during a 3-year interval and overall adherence to QCIs improved. However, adherence remained low for several indicators, suggesting that organized improvement efforts might be needed for QCIs that remained consistently low over time. Findings demonstrate how efforts such as the Florida Initiative for Quality Cancer Care are useful for evaluating and improving the quality of cancer care at a regional level. PMID:24275073
Wang, Wen-Liang; Chang, Hong-Jer; Liu, An-Chi; Chen, Yu-Wen
The purpose of this paper was to determine the criteria that reflect the quality of care provided by long-term care institutions. Research was conducted using a two-step procedure that first utilized the SERVQUAL model with Fuzzy Delphi Method to establish the proper criteria by which service quality could be measured. A total of 200 questionnaires were mailed to expert respondents, of which 89 were returned and 77 deemed valid for use in this study. We then applied the Multi-Criteria Decision Making Process to determine the degree of importance of each criterion to long-term care institution service quality planning work. Secondly, 200 questionnaires were distributed and 74 valid responses were returned. Based on the 5 SERVQUAL model constructs, this study found 17 of the 28 criteria, to be pertinent to nursing care quality, with those in the Responsiveness and Empathy domains being the ones most critical. PMID:18080970
Roth, Carol P; Ganz, David A; Nickles, Lorraine; Martin, David; Beckman, Robin; Wenger, Neil S
We evaluated the quality of care provided to older patients with complex needs in a dual-eligible, community-based Medicare Special Needs Plan that used a nurse care manager model. Care provided by physicians was substantially supplemented by nurse care managers, as measured by Assessing Care of Vulnerable Elders quality indicators. We describe selected nurse care manager activities for six geriatric conditions (falls, dementia, depression, nutrition, urinary incontinence, and end-of-life care) during provision of patient care coordination and management for patients in the highest decile of clinical complexity. We identify areas of high nurse performance (i.e., falls screening, functional assessment, behavioral interventions for dementia problems, advance care planning) and areas of potential missed opportunities (i.e., follow up for new memory problems, targeted dementia counseling, nutrition, and behavioral approaches to urinary incontinence). Increasing the collaborative interaction between nurses providing care in this model and physicians has the potential to enhance nurses' contributions to primary care for vulnerable older adults. PMID:22833891
Abner, Kristin S.; Gordon, Rachel A.; Kaestner, Robert; Korenman, Sanders
Studies document that, on average, children cared for in centers, as compared to homes, have higher cognitive test scores but worse socioemotional and health outcomes. The authors assessed whether the quality of care received explains these associations. They considered multiple domains of child development—cognitive, socioemotional, and health—and examined whether mediation is greater when quality measures are better aligned with outcome domains. Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study ...
As the population in the United States grows more diverse, nurses caring for childbearing women must be aware of the many cultural traditions and customs unique to their patients. This knowledge and insight supports women and their families with the appropriate care, information, and resources. A supportive relationship builds trust, offers guidance, and allows for the new family to integrate information from nurses and other healthcare providers with the practice of certain perinatal cultural traditions. The Asian Indian culture is rich in tradition, specifically during the perinatal period. To support the cultural beliefs and practices of Asian Indian women during this time, nurses need to be aware of and consider multiple factors. Many women are navigating the new role of motherhood while making sense of and incorporating important cultural rituals. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of perinatal cultural practices and traditions specific to the Asian Indian culture that perinatal nurses may observe in the clinical setting. Cultural traditions and practices specific to the pregnancy and postpartum period are described together with symbolism and implications for nursing practice. It is important to note that information regarding perinatal customs is provided in an effort to promote culturally sensitive nursing care and may not pertain to all Asian Indian women living in the United States. PMID:26909722
Rajshree Dayanand Katke
Methods: The Cama and Albless hospital is a tertiary care center located in South Mumbai, which cares for over 3000 deliveries per year. In the present retrospective analytical study, all cases of caesarean delivery from August 2013 to January 2014 were analyzed regarding the indication, associated risks factors, and all NICU admissions were studied. The decision to perform a caesarean section in each of these patients was made by a consultant on duty in consultation with the unit head telephonically. The primary objective of the study was to do LSCS audit with the secondary objective to analyse relationship of early peri-natal morbidity with indication of LSCS and risk factors associated. Results: In the present study we found that the overall incidence of LSCS is 25.7%, incidence of primary LSCS is 23.1 %, incidence of LSCS in Referred cases is 61.7 %. So overall high incidence of LSCS is justified as our's is a tertiary care referral unit. 3.5% of total LSCS cases were elderly gravidas and teenage pregnancies each. In our study, 11.8% and 3.5% patients were less than 37 weeks and 34 weeks respectively. However 30.6 % of NICU admissions were due to low birth weight. So IUGR in near term patients is an important morbid factor. Previous LSCS was the leading indication in 35.2% of cases followed by foetal distress in 14.9% of cases and Previous 2 LSCS 10.5%. Two important relative indications we found were Previous 1 LSCS and PIH contributing for nearly half of the total cases. Average duration of surgery was 86 minutes in our study and average stay in hospital was 9 days. In our study early perinatal mortality was 1.6% and morbidity in the form of NICU admissions was 20.8%. Most common cause for NICU admission was LBW followed by Respiratory distress. After comparing high risks factors and indications with NICU admissions we found highest morbidity in neonates who underwent LSCS for fetal distress, multiple pregnancy and premature rupture of membranes. Conclusions: Individualization of the indication and careful evaluation can help us limiting early peri-natal morbidity and mortality. Obstetric audits in the institution, following standardized guidelines and practice of evidenced-based medicine will help us a lot in reducing the peri-natal morbidity and mortality. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2014; 3(4.000: 963-968
Full Text Available Abstract Background Antitrust authorities treat price as a proxy for hospital quality since health care quality is difficult to observe. As the ability to measure quality improved, more research became necessary to investigate the relationship between hospital market power and patient outcomes. This paper examines the impact of hospital competition on the quality of care as measured by the risk-adjusted mortality rates with the hospital as the unit of analysis. The study separately examines the effect of competition on non-profit hospitals. Methods We use California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD data from 1997 through 2002. Empirical model is a cross-sectional study of 373 hospitals. Regression analysis is used to estimate the relationship between Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG risk-adjusted mortality rates and hospital competition. Results Regression results show lower risk-adjusted mortality rates in the presence of a more competitive environment. This result holds for all alternative hospital market definitions. Non-profit hospitals do not have better patient outcomes than investor-owned hospitals. However, they tend to provide better quality in less competitive environments. CABG volume did not have a significant effect on patient outcomes. Conclusion Quality should be incorporated into the antitrust analysis. When mergers lead to higher prices and lower quality, thus lower social welfare, the antitrust challenge of hospital mergers is warranted. The impact of lower hospital competition on quality of care delivered by non-profit hospitals is ambiguous.
Tanaka, A C; de Siqueira, A A; Bafile, P N
The assistance offered during pregnancy and labour as also to the newborn child, and its relationship to maternal and perinatal mortality in the State of S. Paulo in 1984, is analysed on the basis of official available data. With respect to prenatal care the number of visits per woman was considered to be "sufficient" though of doubtful quality. The proportion of cesarean sections was very high (46.2%). Maternal mortality was found to be 4.86 deaths per 10,000 live births, but despite its being high, this figure is certainly too low and the correct figure is probably twice as high. The principal cause of maternal deaths is toxemia in pregnancy, followed by hemorrhage and abortion. Most of these deaths could have been avoided with care during pregnancy and labour. The rate of perinatal mortality was found to be 29.2 deaths per thousand births in 1984. This figure is also very high. The analysis of the causes of death for this period showed that the disorders which arose during the perinatal period were responsible for 90 per cent of the total number of deaths. The main causes of death in this group were the intra-uterine hypoxias and anoxias, asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome and massive aspiration syndrome. These data bring to light the poor quality of the care offered to this group. The authors trust that the new policy of the Decentralized and Unified System of Health will take the quality of care as much as the integration of services into consideration with a view to overcoming the precarious maternal and perinatal health situation in S. Paulo. PMID:2814311
Sociodemographic risk factors of perinatal depression: a cohort study in the public health care system / Fatores sociodemográficos de risco de depressão perinatal: um estudo populacional no sistema público de cuidados de saúde
Ricardo, Silva; Karen, Jansen; Luciano, Souza; Luciana, Quevedo; Luana, Barbosa; Inácia, Moraes; Bernardo, Horta; Ricardo, Pinheiro.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os fatores sociodemográficos de risco quanto à prevalência e à incidência de sintomas depressivos pós-parto relevantes. MÉTODO: Estudou-se um grupo de mulheres em seu período perinatal sendo assistidas pelo sistema público de saúde na cidade de Pelotas, RS, Brasil. Foram avaliados [...] os sintomas depressivos com o uso da Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EDPS) nos períodos pré-natal e pós-natal. RESULTADOS: Foram entrevistadas 1.019 mulheres. A prevalência de sintomas depressivos significativos durante a gravidez foi de 20,5% e no período pós-parto de 16,5%. As mulheres com depressão pré-natal apresentaram um risco maior de depressão pós-parto. CONCLUSÃO: O nível de pobreza, a história psiquiátrica, a ausência do parceiro e eventos vitais estressantes devem ser considerados fatores de risco importantes para sintomas depressivos pós-parto relevantes. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the sociodemographic risk factors for the prevalence and incidence of relevant postpartum depressive symptoms. METHOD: We studied a cohort of women in their perinatal period with the assistance of the public health system in the city of Pelotas-RS, Brazil. We assessed depressive [...] symptoms with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in the prenatal and postnatal periods. RESULTS We interviewed 1,109 women. The prevalence of meaningful depressive symptoms during pregnancy was 20.5% and postpartum was 16.5%. Women with prenatal depression were at higher risk for postpartum depression. CONCLUSION: The mother's poverty level, psychiatric history, partner absence and stressful life events should be considered important risk factors for relevant postpartum depressive symptoms.
Donaldson, L J
The agenda for health care in developed countries in the 21st century will be dominated by a vision of quality which seeks to address the deep seated problems of the past. The ability to deliver safe, effective, high quality care within organisations with the right cultures, the best systems, and the most highly skilled and motivated work forces will be the key to meeting this challenge. This is an issue which should be a priority for education and training bodies. The need for health services to give priority to developing health professionals equipped to practise in a new way and thrive in new organisational environments requires a rapid response to reshape curricula and training programmes. Developing leadership and management skills will be essential in achieving this transformation in the quality of care delivered to patients. PMID:11700373
Wynia, Matthew K; Osborn, Chandra Y.
The relationship between limited health literacy and poor health may be due to poor communication quality within health care delivery organizations. We explored the relationship between health literacy status and receiving patient-centered communication in clinics and hospitals serving communication-vulnerable patient populations. Thirteen health care organizations nationwide distributed a survey to 5,929 patients. All patients completed seven items assessing patient-centered communication. O...
Although Marianna Fotaki’s Editorial is helpful and challenging by looking at both the professional and institutional requirements for reinstalling compassion in order to aim for good quality healthcare, the causes that hinder this development remain unexamined. In this commentary, 3 causes are discussed; the boundary between the moral and the political; Neoliberalism; and the underdevelopment of reflection on the nature of care. A plea is made for more philosophical reflection on the nature of care and its implications in healthcare education.
Sussmane, Jeffrey B; Torbati, Dan; Gitlow, Howard S
Our goal was to measure the quality of care provided in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) during Therapeutic Apheresis (TA). We described the care as a step by step process. We designed a flow chart to carefully document each step of the process. We then defined each step with a unique clinical indictor (CI) that represented the exact task we felt provided quality care. These CIs were studied and modified for 1 year. We measured our performance in this process by the number of times we accomplished the CI vs. the total number of CIs that were to be performed. The degree of compliance, with these clinical indicators, was analyzed and used as a metric for quality by calculating how close the process is running exactly as planned or "in control." The Apheresis Process was in control (compliance) for 47% of the indicators, as measured in the aggregate for the first observational year. We then applied the theory of Total Quality Management (TQM) through our Design, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control (DMAIC) model. We were able to improve the process and bring it into control by increasing the compliance to > 99.74%, in the aggregate, for the third and fourth quarter of the second year. We have implemented TQM to increase compliance, thus control, of a highly complex and multidisciplinary Pediatric Intensive Care therapy. We have shown a reproducible and scalable measure of quality for a complex clinical process in the PICU, without additional capital expenditure. PMID:22095668
Singer Peter A.; Bowman Kerry W
Abstract Background Quality end-of-life care has emerged as an important concept in industrialized countries. Discussion We argue quality end-of-life care should be seen as a global public health and health systems problem. It is a global problem because 85 % of the 56 million deaths worldwide that occur annually are in developing countries. It is a public health problem because of the number of people it affects, directly and indirectly, in terms of the well being of loved ones, and the larg...
The agenda for health care in developed countries in the 21st century will be dominated by a vision of quality which seeks to address the deep seated problems of the past. The ability to deliver safe, effective, high quality care within organisations with the right cultures, the best systems, and the most highly skilled and motivated work forces will be the key to meeting this challenge. This is an issue which should be a priority for education and training bodies. The need for health service...
Masri, Maysoun Dimachkie; Oetjen, Dawn; Rotarius, Timothy
To cope with the recent challenges within the health care industry, health care managers need to engage in the internal marketing of their various services. Internal marketing has been used as an effective management tool to increase employees' motivation, satisfaction, and productivity (J Mark Commun. 2010;16(5):325-344). Health care managers should understand that an intense focus on internal marketing factors will lead to a quality experience for employees that will ultimately have a positive effect on the patient experiences. PMID:21808171
Duan, Xia; Shi, Yan
Background: The quality evaluation of nursing care is a key link in medical quality management. It is important and worth studying for the nursing supervisors to know the disadvantages during the process of quality evaluation of nursing care and then to improve the whole nursing quality. This study was to provide director insight on the current status of quality evaluation of nursing care from Nursing Quality Control Centers (NQCCs). Material and Methods: This qualitative study used a sample ...
Camilleri, D; O'Callaghan, M
The study applies the principles behind the SERVQUAL model and uses Donabedian's framework to compare and contrast Malta's public and private hospital care service quality. Through the identification of 16 service quality indicators and the use of a Likert-type scale, two questionnaires were developed. The first questionnaire measured patient pre-admission expectations for public and private hospital service quality (in respect of one another). It also determined the weighted importance given to the different service quality indicators. The second questionnaire measured patient perceptions of provided service quality. Results showed that private hospitals are expected to offer a higher quality service, particularly in the "hotel services", but it was the public sector that was exceeding its patients' expectations by the wider margin. A number of implications for public and private hospital management and policy makers were identified. PMID:10185325
Goetz, Katja; Hess, Sigrid; Jossen, Marianne; Huber, Felix; Rosemann, Thomas; Brodowski, Marc; Künzi, Beat; Szecsenyi, Joachim
Objectives: To examine the effectiveness of the quality management programme—European Practice Assessment—in primary care in Switzerland. Design: Longitudinal study with three points of measurement. Setting: Primary care practices in Switzerland. Participants: In total, 45 of 91 primary care practices completed European Practice Assessment three times. Outcomes: The interval between each assessment was around 36?months. A variance analyses for repeated measurements were performed ...
Oliveira, Paula Salgado; Fearon, R. M. Pasco; Belsky, Jay; Fachada, Inês; Soares, Isabel
Institutional rearing adversely affects children's development, but the extent to which specific characteristics of the institutional context and the quality of care provided contribute to problematic development remains unclear. In this study, 72 preschoolers institutionalised for at least 6 months were evaluated by their caregiver using the…
Chassin, Mark R
Nearly fourteen years ago the Institute of Medicine's report, To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System, triggered a national movement to improve patient safety. Despite the substantial and concentrated efforts that followed, quality and safety problems in health care continue to routinely result in harm to patients. Desired progress will not be achieved unless substantial changes are made to the way in which quality improvement is conducted. Alongside important efforts to eliminate preventable complications of care, there must also be an effort to seriously address the widespread overuse of health services. That overuse, which places patients at risk of harm and wastes resources at the same time, has been almost entirely left out of recent quality improvement endeavors. Newer and much more effective strategies and tools are needed to address the complex quality challenges confronting health care. Tools such as Lean, Six Sigma, and change management are proving highly effective in tackling problems as difficult as hand-off communication failures and patient falls. Finally, the organizational culture of most American hospitals and other health care organizations must change. To create a culture of safety, leaders must eliminate intimidating behaviors that suppress the reporting of errors and unsafe conditions. Leaders must also hold everyone accountable for adherence to safe practices. PMID:24101066
Lange, Peter; Rasmussen, Finn Vejlø; Borgeskov, Hanne; Dollerup, Jens; Jensen, Michael Skov; Roslind, Klaus; Nielsen, Lill Moll
We studied the quality of care for COPD patients in a large sample of general practices in Denmark. We focussed on whether participation by general practitioners (GPs) in an educational programme could enhance the use of spirometry in the diagnosis and staging of the disease and improve adherence...
Rieckmann, Traci; Fussell, Holly; Doyle, Kevin; Ford, Jay; Riley, Katherine; Henderson, Stuart
Substance abuse treatment agencies serving youth face unique barriers to providing quality care. Interviews with 17 adolescent programs found that family engagement, community involvement, and gender and diversity issues impacted treatment delivery. Programs report organizational change efforts with implications for future process improvement initiatives.
Discusses the concept of Total Quality Management (TQM), developed by W. Edward Deming and Joseph Juran in 1940s, and its applications for child care centers. Discusses how TQM focuses on customer satisfaction, measuring performance, benchmarking, employee empowerment, and continuous training. Includes a list of suggested readings on TQM. (MDM)
Scott A Berkowitz
Full Text Available Scott A Berkowitz1, Gary Gerstenblith1, Robert Herbert2, Gerard Anderson1,21Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 2Center for Hospital Finance and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USAAbstract: There is significant regional variability in the quality of care provided in the United States. This article compares regional performance for three measures that focus on transitions in care, and the care of patients with multiple conditions. Admissions for people with ambulatory care-sensitive conditions, hospital readmissions within 30 days of discharge, and compliance with practice guidelines for people with three chronic conditions (congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes were analyzed using data drawn from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ Standard Analytic Files for 5% of a 2004 national sample of Medicare beneficiaries which was divided by hospital referral regions and regional performance. There were significant regional differences in performance which we hypothesize could be improved through better care coordination and system management.Keywords: performance, quality, chronic condition, ambulatory care, sensitive conditions, readmissions
Harolds, Jay A
The Institute of Medicine report Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century focused on quality issues generally in health care, not only on mistakes. It made numerous recommendations for improving health care, including 6 aims and 10 rules to guide policy makers. This was intended to help redesign health care. However, the authors of the report did not attempt to provide all the answers because they realized that innovation was important and that they could not foresee all the sociopolitical forces and technological and research breakthroughs in the future. PMID:26402122
Villadsen, Sarah Fredsted; Negussie, Dereje; GebreMariam, Abebe; Tilahun, Abebech; Friis, Henrik; Rasch, Vibeke
included in the evaluation. Improved content of care (physical examinations, laboratory testing, tetanus toxoid (TT)-immunization, health education, conduct of health professionals, and waiting time) were defined as proximal project outcomes and increased quality of care (better identification of health......BACKGROUND: Interventions for curing most diseases and save lives of pregnant and delivering women exist, yet the power of health systems to deliver them to those in most need is not sufficient. The aims of this study were to design a participatory antenatal care (ANC) strengthening intervention...... months. The effect of the intervention was assessed by comparing the change in quality of care from before to after the intervention period at intervention sites, relative to control sites, using logistic mixed effect regression. RESULTS: The continued attention to the ANC provision during implementation...
Ferrua, Marie; Sicotte, Claude; Lalloué, Benoît; Minvielle, Etienne
Context The strategy of publicly reporting quality indicators is being widely promoted through public policies as a way to make health care delivery more efficient. Objective To assess general practitioners’ (GPs) use of the comparative hospital quality indicators made available by public services and the media, as well as GPs’ perceptions of their qualities and usefulness. Method A telephone survey of a random sample representing all self-employed GPs in private practice in France. Results A large majority (84.1%–88.5%) of respondents (n = 503; response rate of 56%) reported that they never used public comparative indicators, available in the mass media or on government and non-government Internet sites, to influence their patients’ hospital choices. The vast majority of GPs rely mostly on traditional sources of information when choosing a hospital. At the same time, this study highlights favourable opinions shared by a large proportion of GPs regarding several aspects of hospital quality indicators, such as their good qualities and usefulness for other purposes. In sum, the results show that GPs make very limited use of hospital quality indicators based on a consumer choice paradigm but, at the same time, see them as useful in ways corresponding more to the usual professional paradigms, including as a means to improve quality of care. PMID:26840429
Junoy, J P
Presents some examples of the implications derived from imposing the objective of maximizing social welfare, subject to limited resources, on ethical care patients management in respect of quality performance of health services. Conventional knowledge of health economics points out that critically ill patients are responsible for increased use of technological resources and that they receive a high proportion of health care resources. Attempts to answer, from the point of view of microeconomics, the question: how do we measure comparative efficiency in the management of intensive care units? Analyses this question through data from an international empirical study using micro-economic measures of productive efficiency in public services (data envelopment analysis). Results show a 28.8 per cent level of technical inefficiency processing data from 25 intensive care units in the USA. PMID:10169231
Lima, Cássio de Almeida; Santos, Bruna Tatiane Prates Dos; Andrade, Dina Luciana Batista; Barbosa, Francielle Alves; Costa, Fernanda Marques da; Carneiro, Jair Almeida
Objective To evaluate the quality of emergency rooms and urgent care services according to the satisfaction of their users. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study with a quantitative approach. The sample comprised 136 users and was drawn at random. Data collection took place between October and November 2012 using a structured questionnaire. Results Participants were mostly male (64.7%) aged less than 30 years (55.8%), and the predominant level of education was high school (54.4%). Among the items evaluated, those that were statistically associated with levels of satisfaction with care were waiting time, confidence in the service, model of care, and the reason for seeking care related to acute complaints, cleanliness, and comfortable environment. Conclusion Accessibility, hospitality, and infrastructure were considered more relevant factors for patient satisfaction than the cure itself. PMID:26313440
Abma, T.A.; Molewijk, A.C.; Widdershoven, G.A.M.
Recently, moral deliberation within care institutions is gaining more attention in medical ethics. Ongoing dialogues about ethical issues are considered as a vehicle for quality improvement of health care practices. The rise of ethical conversation methods can be understood against the broader development within medical ethics in which interaction and dialogue are seen as alternatives for both theoretical or individual reflection on ethical questions. In other disciplines, intersubjectivity i...
Reid, Colin R.
EnglishSeniors with dementia who enter long-term care facilities are at greater risk of death than are similar individuals that remain in the community. Previous research has focused primarily on social selection factors such as health status to explain mortality in this population. This study seeks to determine whether resident mortality within 12 months of admission to a facility can be explained by post-admission social causative factors, that is, by institutional quality of care. Logistic...
Full Text Available To determine the coverage rate, timeliness and quality of ante-natal care in rural areas under the coverage of Health Houses in West Azerbaijan province, 30 Health Houses (HH were randomly selected out of 731 HH in the province. In each HH, using the method of Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS 28 women having recently born babies was selected. Data were collected using check-list for facilities, and questionnaires and forms to be completed from the files by interview. The study showed that the method of LQAS is quite effective for evaluation of this service at HH level. The weighted total coverage of ante-natal care was 46.2%. Quality of care was acceptable for 53.9% of mothers. The weighted average of time lines of care was 49.8%. Availability of facilities in delivery of this service was 100%, showing there was no short coming in this respect.
When we talk about world-class health care, we are finding that we are in a position where the purchasers of our services find there is little or no value for the health-care dollars they are spending. Even the father of American Quality, W. Edwards Deming, has listed the high cost of health care as one of the seven deadly diseases, so we know that we are in trouble. According to a 1989 study, the public tells us that 32% of the time the value of health care they receive is good to excellent, and 65% of the time it is fair to poor. When we look at what our physicians say, 76% of them believe that we get good value for health-care dollars as opposed to 23% who think it is fair to poor. As I have been thinking about what world-class quality would mean, one of the things that comes to mind is the fact that health care is now consuming 15% of the gross national product. We are approaching an expenditure level of one trillion dollars. If our results were good, we could feel comfortable resting on our laurels, because for those we serve in the American health-care system, we serve them very well. But our results are not good. We are 23rd in the world in infant mortality, and we are 16th in the world for life expectancy. The real tragedy in the American health-care system is that 37 million Americans are uninsured. Obviously this cannot continue.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:10127169
Full Text Available During recent years, the interest of health professionals has turned more and more towards to satisfaction of patients by the provided care of health. Aim: The aim of the present study was to review the literature about the satisfaction of patients by the the provided care of health. The method ?f this study included bibliography research from both the review and the research literature, mainly in the pubmed data base which referred to the satisfaction of patients by the provided care of health. Results: According to the literature, satisfaction of patients’ needs consists a complex issue. As implementation of patients’ needs is defined the level of satisfaction of patients’ expectations related to personal experience and to the meet of internal needs. The results of recent studies indicate that the expectation of patients and the health professionals should coincide having as ultimate goal the reassurance of co-operation. It is widely accepted that the meet of needs is related to better clinical outcome since satisfied patients are more likely to accept medical treatment, to have active participation in their care and maintain trust of services of health care. Furthermore, assessment of satisfaction of patients’ needs contributes to the improvement of health care services and to better management of cost for health. Finally, it is widely accepted that the meet of needs consists a credible index of quality of care. Conclusions: Though the satisfaction of patients’ needs is a subjective issue, however, it should consist an integral part of the treatment.
Fumi?, Nera; Marinovi?, Marin; Brajan, Dolores
Health care and today's medical and technical achievements and approved standards of treatment provide comprehensive quality, safety and traceability of medical procedures respecting the principles of health protection. Continuous education improves the quality of nursing health care and increases the effectiveness of patient care, consequently maintaining and enhancing patient safety. Patient health problems impose the need of appropriate, planned and timely nursing care and treatment. In providing quality nursing care, attention is focused on the patient and his/her needs in order to maintain and increase their safety, satisfaction, independence and recovery or peaceful death, so the health and nursing practices must be systematized, planned and based on knowledge and experience. Health and nursing care of patients at risk of developing acute and chronic wounds or already suffering from some form of this imply preventive measures that are provided through patient education, motivation, monitoring, early recognition of risk factors and causes, and reducing or removing them through the prescribed necessary medical treatment which is safe depending on the patient health status. Except for preventive measures, nursing care of patients who already suffer from some form of acute or chronic wounds is focused on the care and treatment of damaged tissue by providing appropriate and timely diagnosis, timely and proper evaluation of the wound and patient general status, knowledge and understanding of the wide range of local, oral and parenteral therapy and treatment, aiming to increase patient safety by preventing progression of the patient general condition and local wound status and reducing the possibility of developing infection or other complications of the underlying disease. In the overall patient management, through nursing process, medical interventions are implemented and aimed to maintain and optimize health status, prevent complications of existing diseases and conditions, provide appropriate wound treatment, increase satisfaction, reduce pain, increase mobility, reduce and eliminate aggravating factors, and achieve a satisfactory functional and aesthetic outcome. Many scientific researches and knowledge about the pathophysiological processes of wound formation and healing are currently available. Modern achievements can accelerate independence, reduce pain and encourage faster wound healing, thus it is important to continuously develop awareness, knowledge and experience, along with the treatment to achieve, maintain and enhance the quality of health care and patient safety. PMID:25326985
Harolds, Jay A
One of the most important aspects of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Crossing the Quality Chasm. A New Health System for the 21st Century report (Chasm report) was that 6 major aims for US health care were set forth. In addition, the report indicated that health care in the United States care should be redesigned in accordance with 10 enumerated rules. There were other recommendations as well, to try to bridge the huge gap between the health care many people in the United States receive and what they should receive. PMID:26447385
Maher, Erin J.; Frestedt, Becki; Grace, Cathy
This study examines rural differences in one important indicator of quality for licensed child care settings--the number of children per adult. It also investigates the relationships between cost of child care, child care subsidy receipt, and child care quality for both rural and non-rural areas. We used representative child care survey data…
MORTALIDAD PERINATAL DE LA POBLACIÓN AFILIADA A UNA EPS DE PASTO. DEPARTAMENTO DE NARIÑO. 2007. MORTALIDADE PERINATAL DA POVOACÃO AFILIADA A UMA EPS DE PASTO. ESTADO DE NARINHO. 2007. PERINATAL MORTALITY OF A POPULATION OF HEALTH CARE AFFILIATES IN THE CITY OF PASTO, DEPARTMENT OF NARIÑO, 2007.
Adriana Isabel Delgado Bravo
Full Text Available Objetivo: identificar los factores que se relacionan con mortalidad perinatal de la población afiliada a una EPS del departamento de Nariño durante 2007. Materiales y Métodos: la investigación fue de tipo cuantitativo, descriptivo, retrospectivo-evaluativo, dado que los datos corresponden a la revisión documental realizada a las historias clínicas de las gestantes con eventos de mortalidad en el año 2007. Se tomó el 100% de los casos de mortalidad perinatal, lo cual representó el total de la población. Se estudiaron las variables socio-demográficas; se realizó análisis de casos (manejo de protocolo de atención, diligenciamiento de ficha de notificación, cumplimiento de las normas técnicas y guías de atención. Se estudiaron 34 eventos, de los cuales 61,8% murieron en el ante-parto, 20,6% en el intra-parto y 17,6% en la pre-alta. Se diseñó una ficha de verificación, se aplicó a los eventos, los datos se consolidaron en el sistema estadístico de información EPIINFO versión 2000, y se realizó el cruce de variables existentes. Una vez identificados los hallazgos en cuanto a las causas de riesgo, se aplicó el chi2 y determinando el valor de P, se levantó la línea de base con el fin de priorizar planes o proyectos enfocados a la reducción del indicador de mortalidad perinatal para la EPS. Resultados: de la población total las madres con edades comprendidas entre 23 y 26 años de edad, registran el mayor número de casos, procedentes el 56% de cabecera municipal quienes tenían un grado de escolaridad de primaria completa, el 23% con cónyuge, el 26% presentaban antecedentes de multiparidad; durante el embarazo asistieron a cuatro controles realizados por médico general en el primer nivel de atención, de ellas el 67% no utilizaban método de planificación familiar. Con relación a los riesgos que tenían las madres se encontraron 3 casos con hipertensión crónica; infecciones urinarias 3 casos; tabaquismo, alcoholismo y alteraciones sicológicas, así como retardo en el crecimiento intrauterino fue reportado un caso; los cuales fueron clasificados como embarazo de alto riesgo; 6 embarazos no se clasificaron, los cuales sí tenían aspectos relevantes a tener en cuenta. El estudio demostró la omisión al momento de escribir o consignar aspectos en la historia clínica. En el proceso de parto y puerperio se identificaron las semanas de gestación entre las 28 y 40 semanas, de las cuales el 71% tuvo parto vaginal; 26,57% cesárea, de las cuales la mitad fueron atendidas por médico obstetra y el restante por médico general; el 11% no registra datos y el 5% corresponde a otros. El nivel de atención fue el nivel 1 en un 70%. Entre las causas más frecuentes de complicaciones en el momento del parto están la retención de restos placentarios, partos pretermino, sufrimiento fetal, shock hipovolémico, hemorragias de tercer trimestre. Con respecto a la notificación obligatoria de casos de mortalidad perinatal reportados al Sistema de Vigilancia Epidemiológica (Sivigila, en ninguno de los eventos se realizó investigación de campo; igualmente no hubo comités de análisis de las muertes perinatales. La ficha perinatal se lleva en un 100%, pero al hacer el análisis de la confrontación de los datos con la historia clínica no concuerdan, posiblemente debido a que lo diligencian diferentes profesionales de la salud.Objetivo: identificar os fatores que se relacionam com mortalidade perinatal de a povoação afiliada a uma EPS do Estado de Narinho durante 2007. Materiais e Métodos: A pesquisa foi de tipo quantitativo, descritivo, retrospetivo- avaliativo, os dados que correspondem à revisão documental realizada às historias clinicas das gestantes com eventos de mortalidade no ano 2007. Tomou-se o 100% dos casos de mortalidade perinatal, o qual representou o total da povoação. Estudaram se a variável sócia- demográficas; se realizou analise de casos (manejo de protocolo de atenção diligencia mento de fichas de notificação, comprimento das normas técnicas e guias de a
Due to demographic changes, the number of elderly people who are in need of care is increasing. Assistive technologies make it possible for many elderly people to remain home despite their health conditions, which many prefer. Quality is an essential element of nursing care, and the elderly are becoming increasingly aware of this and are beginning to make high demands. The aims of this paper, which is based on a master's thesis, were to identify quality criteria in the field of assistive technologies and to present indicators for measuring quality. An extensive literature research was conducted for the theoretical part, and the empirical part employed a qualitative survey. The results show that the elderly's contentment and quality of life are the decisive factors for quality. A catalogue of quality indicators was developed by merging the results from literature with those from the expert consultation. To conclude, further research in this context, based on the results of this paper, is needed, in order to support the increasing use of assistive technologies. PMID:26063268
Conrad, Douglas A; Perry, Lisa
This article asks whether financial incentives can improve the quality of health care. A conceptual framework drawn from microeconomics, agency theory, behavioral economics, and cognitive psychology motivates a set of propositions about incentive effects on clinical quality. These propositions are evaluated through a synthesis of extant peer-reviewed empirical evidence. Comprehensive financial incentives--balancing rewards and penalties; blending structure, process, and outcome measures; emphasizing continuous, absolute performance standards; tailoring the size of incremental rewards to increasing marginal costs of quality improvement; and assuring certainty, frequency, and sustainability of incentive payoffs--offer the prospect of significantly enhancing quality beyond the modest impacts of prevailing pay-for-performance (P4P) programs. Such organizational innovations as the primary care medical home and accountable health care organizations are expected to catalyze more powerful quality incentive models: risk- and quality-adjusted capitation, episode of care payments, and enhanced fee-for-service payments for quality dimensions (e.g., prevention) most amenable to piece-rate delivery. PMID:19296779
Implementing community-based perinatal care: results from a pilot study in rural Pakistan / Mise en œuvre des soins périnatals en communauté: résultats d'une étude pilote dans le Pakistan rural / Implantación de la atención perinatal comunitaria: resultados de un estudio piloto realizado en el Pakistán rural
Zulfiqar A, Bhutta; Zahid A, Memon; Sajid, Soofi; Muhammad Suhail, Salat; Simon, Cousens; Jose, Martines.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Se decidió investigar mediante un estudio piloto la viabilidad de la implantación efectiva de un paquete de intervenciones comunitarias de mejora de la atención perinatal basadas en el uso de trabajadoras sanitarias (lady health workers, LHW) y parteras tradicionales (Dais) en el Pakistán [...] rural. MÉTODOS: La intervención se llevó a cabo en cuatro de ocho grupos de aldeas (en total: 315 aldeas y 138 600 habitantes), utilizando los otros cuatro para comparar los resultados. Las trabajadoras sanitarias de los grupos de intervención recibieron capacitación adicional centrada en servicios esenciales de atención de la madre y el recién nacido, dirigieron sesiones de grupo de educación comunitaria, y fueron alentadas a estar en contacto con las Dais locales. La intervención se llevó a cabo en el marco del programa habitual de LHW del gobierno, y para apoyarla se crearon comités voluntarios de salud comunitaria. RESULTADOS: En las aldeas de intervención se registraron reducciones considerables de las tasas de mortinatalidad (de 65,9 a 43,1 por 1000 nacimientos, P Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This pilot study investigated the feasibility of delivering a package of community-based interventions for improving perinatal care using lady health workers (LHWs) and traditional birth attendants (Dais) in rural Pakistan. METHODS: The intervention was implemented in four of eight villag [...] e clusters (315 villages, total population 138 600), while four served as a comparison group. The LHWs in intervention clusters received additional training focused on essential maternal and newborn care, conducted community education group sessions, and were encouraged to link up with local Dais. The intervention was delivered within the regular government LHW programme and was supported by the creation of voluntary community health committees. FINDINGS: In intervention villages, there were significant reductions from baseline in stillbirth (from 65.9 to 43.1 per 1000 births, P
Cabarcas-Ortega Nirva del Socorro
Full Text Available Quality is a guiding principle of nursing care, law 266 defines it as an efficient helpin terms of opportunity and proper use of resources. Nursing care is based oncomprehensive care on the basis of individual dignity, rights and needs, not just thedisease. Changes and trends in care have imposed new roles in professional practiceof nursing, often presenting ethical dilemmas and conflicts that require you to haveknowledge of principles and values to better analyze situations and exercise properorientation; the nurse must use their knowledge in ethics and bioethics to meet theneeds of patients for their welfare.The management of nursing care quality involves planning, organization, directionand control of financial, human and material resources with the intent to effectivelyimplement the quality policy of the institution, bearing in mind the ethical principlesestablished by law 266 of 1996. In conclusion, the quality is the result of the entire healthcare process; to reach it, it is necessary to implement a system of quality managementthat tends to achieve a balance between user needs, available infrastructure for care,objectives of the institution and satisfaction of customer and care providers.RESUMEN:La calidad es un principio rector del cuidado de enfermería, la ley 266 define la calidadcomo una ayuda eficiente, en términos de oportunidad y uso adecuado de los recursos.La atención de enfermería se basa en el cuidado integral del individuo teniendo comobase la dignidad, necesidades derechos y no simplemente la enfermedad. Los cambiosy tendencias del cuidado han impuesto nuevos roles en la práctica profesional de laenfermera, presentándose con frecuencia dilemas y conflictos éticos que le exigentener conocimientos de principios y valores para un mejor análisis de las situaciones yorientación adecuada del ejercicio, debiendo la enfermera hacer uso de sus conocimientosen ética y bioética para la satisfacción de las necesidades del paciente en búsqueda desu bienestar. La gestión de la calidad del cuidado de enfermería implica la planificación,organización, dirección y control de los recursos financieros, humanos y materiales conla intención de cumplir eficazmente con la política de calidad de la institución, teniendopresente los principios éticos establecidos en la ley 266 de 1996. En conclusión la calidades el resultado de todo el proceso de atención en salud, para llegar a la consecución deesta es necesario implementar un sistema de gestión de la calidad que propenda porlograr el equilibrio entre las necesidades del usuario, infraestructura disponible parala atención, objetivos de la institución, satisfacción de quien provee el cuidado y delusuario.
Bovier Patrick A; Agoritsas Thomas; Deom Marie; Perneger Thomas V.
Abstract Background How doctors perceive managed care tools and incentives is not well known. We assessed doctors' opinions about the expected impact of eight managed care tools on quality of care, control of health care costs, professional autonomy and relations with patients. Methods Mail survey of doctors (N = 1546) in Geneva, Switzerland. Respondents were asked to rate the impact of 8 managed care tools on 4 aspects of care on a 5-level scale (1 very negative, 2 rather negative, 3 neutral...
Higginson Irene J
Full Text Available Abstract Background An increasing number of older people reach the end of life in care homes. The aim of this study is to explore the perceived benefits of, and barriers to, implementation of the Gold Standards Framework for Care Homes (GSFCH, a quality improvement programme in palliative care. Methods Nine care homes involved in the GSFCH took part. We conducted semi-structured interviews with nine care home managers, eight nurses, nine care assistants, eleven residents and seven of their family members. We used the Framework approach to qualitative analysis. The analysis was deductive based on the key tasks of the GSFCH, the 7Cs: communication, coordination, control of symptoms, continuity, continued learning, carer support, and care of the dying. This enabled us to consider benefits of, and barriers to, individual components of the programme, as well as of the programme as a whole. Results Perceived benefits of the GSFCH included: improved symptom control and team communication; finding helpful external support and expertise; increasing staff confidence; fostering residents' choice; and boosting the reputation of the home. Perceived barriers included: increased paperwork; lack of knowledge and understanding of end of life care; costs; and gaining the cooperation of GPs. Many of the tools and tasks in the GSFCH focus on improving communication. Participants described effective communication within the homes, and with external providers such as general practitioners and specialists in palliative care. However, many had experienced problems with general practitioners. Although staff described the benefits of supportive care registers, coding predicted stage of illness and advance care planning, which included improved communication, some felt the need for more experience of using these, and there were concerns about discussing death. Conclusions Most of the barriers described by participants are relevant to other interventions to improve end of life care in care homes. There is a need to investigate the impact of quality improvement programmes in care homes, such as the GSFCH, on a wider range of outcomes for residents and their families, and to monitor the sustainability of any resulting improvements. It is also important to explore the impact of the different components of these complex interventions.
Ana Cristina d'Andretta Tanaka
Full Text Available Pelos dados oficiais disponíveis, para o Estado de São Paulo (Brasil analisou-se a assistência oferecida na gestação, no parto e ao recém-nascido e suas relações com a mortalidade materna e perinatal. Com referência ao pré-natal, houve indícios de quantidade de consultas por gestação, numericamente suficiente, porém de qualidade discutível. Quanto ao parto observou-se uma alta percentagem de cesarianas (46,2%. A mortalidade materna foi de 4,86 por dez mil n.v., valor este subestimado. A primeira causa de óbitos maternos foram as toxemias, seguidas das hemorragias e do aborto, causas estas evitáveis em sua maioria, com uma boa qualidade de assistência pré-natal e ao parto. Quanto aos óbitos do período perinatal, o coeficiente foi de 29,2 por mil nascimentos em 1984, valor este também elevado. A análise das causas de óbitos mostrou que as afecções de origem perinatal ocorreram em cerca de 90% dos óbitos, tendo como principais causas as hipóxias intra-uterinas, asfixias, síndromes de angústia respiratória e aspiração maciça. Esses dados revelam a má qualidade de assistência recebida por este grupo. Sugere-se que a nova política de Sistema Unificado e Descentralizado de Saúde deveria levar em conta tanto a qualidade de assistência como a integração dos serviços para poder-se fazer frente à situação precária de saúde materna e perinatal do Estado.The assistance offered during pregnancy and labour as also to the newborn child, and its relationship to maternal and perinatal mortality in the State of S. Paulo in 1984, is analysed on the basis of official available data. With respect to prenatal care the number of visits per woman was considered to be "sufficient" though of doubtful quality. The proportion of cesarean sections was very high (46.2%. Maternal mortality was found to be 4.86 deaths per 10,000 live births, but despite its being high, this figure is certainly too low and the correct figure is probably twice as high. The principal cause of maternal deaths is toxemia in pregnancy, followed by hemorrhage and abortion. Most of these deaths could have been avoided with care during pregnancy and labour. The rate of perinatal mortality was found to be 29.2 deaths per thousand births in 1984. This figure is also very high. The analysis of the causes of death for this period showed that the disorders which arose during the perinatal period were responsible for 90 per cent of the total number of deaths. The main causes of death in this group were the intra-uterine hypoxias and anoxias, asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome and massive aspiration syndrome. These data bring to light the poor quality of the care offered to this group. The authors trust that the new policy of the Decentralized and Unified System of Health will take the quality of care as much as the integration of services into consideration with a view to overcoming the precarious maternal and perinatal health situation in S. Paulo.
Liesbeth A.D. Borgermans
Full Text Available Methods: A review of systematic reviews was performed. Four databases (MEDLINE database of the National Library of Medicine, COCHRANE database of Systematic Reviews, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Database-CINAHL and Pre-Cinahl were searched for English review articles published between November 1989 and December 2006. Methodological quality of the articles was assessed. A standardized extraction form was used to assess features of diabetes care programmes and diabetes quality indicators with special reference to those aspects that hinder the conceptualization of high quality diabetes care. Based on these findings the relationship between diversity in diabetes care programmes and the conceptualization of high quality diabetes care was further explored. Results: Twenty-one systematic reviews met the inclusion criteria representing a total of 185 diabetes care programmes. Six elements were identified to produce a picture of diversity in diabetes care programmes and hinder their standardization: 1 the variety and relative absence of conceptual backgrounds in diabetes care programmes, 2 confusion over what is considered a constituent of a diabetes care program and components of the implementation strategy, 3 large variety in type of diabetes care programmes, settings and related goals, 4 a large number and variety in interventions and quality indicators used, 5 no conclusive evidence on effectiveness, 6 no systematic results on costs. Conclusions: There is large diversity in diabetes care programmes and related quality indicators. From this review and our analysis on the mutual relationship between diversity in diabetes care programmes and the conceptualization of high quality diabetes care, we conclude that no single conceptual framework used to date provides a comprehensive overview of attributes of high quality diabetes care linked to quality indicators at the structure, process and outcome level. There is a need for a concerted action to develop a standardized framework on high quality diabetes care that is complemented by a practical tool to provide guidance to the design, implementation and evaluation of diabetes care programmes.
MORTALIDAD PERINATAL DE LA POBLACIÓN AFILIADA A UNA EPS DE PASTO. DEPARTAMENTO DE NARIÑO. 2007. / PERINATAL MORTALITY OF A POPULATION OF HEALTH CARE AFFILIATES IN THE CITY OF PASTO, DEPARTMENT OF NARIÑO, 2007. / MORTALIDADE PERINATAL DA POVOACÃO AFILIADA A UMA EPS DE PASTO. ESTADO DE NARINHO. 2007.
Adriana Isabel, Delgado Bravo; Janeth Verónica, López Maya; Fanny Carmenza, Meneses Paredes.
Full Text Available Objetivo: identificar os fatores que se relacionam com mortalidade perinatal de a povoação afiliada a uma EPS do Estado de Narinho durante 2007. Materiais e Métodos: A pesquisa foi de tipo quantitativo, descritivo, retrospetivo- avaliativo, os dados que correspondem à revisão documental realizada às [...] historias clinicas das gestantes com eventos de mortalidade no ano 2007. Tomou-se o 100% dos casos de mortalidade perinatal, o qual representou o total da povoação. Estudaram se a variável sócia- demográficas; se realizou analise de casos (manejo de protocolo de atenção diligencia mento de fichas de notificação, comprimento das normas técnicas e guias de atenção). Estudaram se 34 eventos, dos quais 61,8% morreram no ante- parto, 20,6% no intra-parto e 17,6% na pré- alta. Desenhou-se uma ficha de verificação, se aplicaram aos eventos, os dados se consolidaram no sistema estadístico de informação EPIINFO versão 2000, e realizou se o Cruzamento de variáveis existentes. Uma vez identificados os descobrimentos em quanto ás causas de risco, aplicou se o chi2 e determinando o valor de P, se levantou a línea de base com o fim de priorizar planos ou projetos enfocados à redução do indicador de mortalidade perinatal para a EPS. Resultados: da povoação total as mães com idades compreendidas entre 23 e 26 anos de idade, registram o maior números de casos, procedentes o 56% de cabeceira municipal quens tinham um grau de escolaridade de primaria completa, o 23% com conjugue, o 26% apresentavam antecedentes de multi- paridade; durante o embaraço assistiram a quatro controles realizados por médico general no primeiro nível de atenção, delas o 67% não utilizavam método de planificação familiar. Com relação aos riscos que tinham as mães encontraram se 3 casos com hipertensão crônica; infecções urinarias 3 casos; tabaquismo, alcoolismo e alterações psicológicas, assim como retardo no crescimento intra-uterino foi reportado um caso; os quais foram classificados como embaraço de alto risco; 6 embaraços não se classificaram, os quais se tinham aspectos relevantes a ter em conta. A pesquisa demonstrou a omissão ao momento de escrever ou consignar aspectos na historia clinica. Em o proceso de parto e puerpério se identificaram as semanas de gestação entre as 28 e 40 semanas, das quais o 71% teve parto vaginal; 26,57% cesárea, das quais a metade foi atendida por medico obstetra e o restante por medico general; o 11% não registra dados e o 5% corresponde a outros. O nível de atenção foi o nível 1 num 70%. Entre as causas mais freqüentes de complicações no momento do parto estão a retenção de restos placentários, partos predetermino, sofrimento fetal, shock hipovolêmico, hemorragias de terceiro trimestre. Com respeito à notificação obrigatória de casos de mortalidade perinatal, foram reportados ao Sistema de Vigilância Epidemiologia (Sivigila), em nenhum dos eventos se realizou pesquisa de campo; igualmente não teve comitês de analise das mortes perinatales. A ficha se leva em um 100%, mas ao fazer o analise de a confrontação dos dados com historia clinica não concordam possivelmente devido a que o diligenciam diferentes profissionais da saúde. Abstract in spanish Objetivo: identificar los factores que se relacionan con mortalidad perinatal de la población afiliada a una EPS del departamento de Nariño durante 2007. Materiales y Métodos: la investigación fue de tipo cuantitativo, descriptivo, retrospectivo-evaluativo, dado que los datos corresponden a la revis [...] ión documental realizada a las historias clínicas de las gestantes con eventos de mortalidad en el año 2007. Se tomó el 100% de los casos de mortalidad perinatal, lo cual representó el total de la población. Se estudiaron las variables socio-demográficas; se realizó análisis de casos (manejo de protocolo de atención, diligenciamiento de ficha de notificación, cumplimiento de las normas técnicas y guías de atención). Se estudiaron 34 eventos, de los cuales 61,8% mu
Van Hoof, Thomas J; Bisognano, Maureen; Reinertsen, James L; Meehan, Thomas P
Leadership is increasingly recognized as a potential factor in the success of primary care quality improvement efforts, yet little is definitively known about which specific leadership behaviors are most important. Until more research is available, the authors suggest that primary care clinicians who are committed to developing their leadership skills should commit to a series of actions. These actions include embracing a theory of leadership, modeling the approach for others, focusing on the goal of improving patient outcomes, encouraging teamwork, utilizing available sources of power, and reflecting on one's approach in order to improve it. Primary care clinicians who commit themselves to such actions will be more effective leaders and will be more prepared as new research becomes available on this important factor. PMID:22800874
Knapp, Caprice; Madden, Vanessa; Sloyer, Phyllis; Shenkman, Elizabeth
To assess the effects of an Integrated Care System (ICS) on parent-reported quality of care and satisfaction for Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN). In 2006 Florida reformed its Medicaid program in Broward and Duval counties. Children's Medical Services Network (CMSN) chose to participate in the reform and developed an ICS for CSHCN. The ICS ushered in several changes such as more prior approval requirements and closing of the provider network. Telephone surveys were conducted with CMSN parents whose children reside in the reform counties and parents whose children reside outside of the reform counties in 2006 and 2007 (n = 1,727). Results from multivariate quasi-experimental models show that one component of parent-report quality of care, customer service, increased. Following implementation of the ICS, customer service increased by 0.22 points. After implementation of the ICS, parent-reported quality and satisfaction were generally unaffected. Although significant increases were not seen in the majority of the quality and satisfaction domains, it is nonetheless encouraging that parents did not report negative experiences with the ICS. It is important to present these interim findings so that progress can be monitored and decision-makers can begin to consider if the program should be expanded statewide. PMID:21509433
Full Text Available Background: Infectious disease and malnutrition are common in children. Primary health care came into being to decrease the morbidity. Quality assessment is neither clinical research nor technology assessment. It is primarily an administrative device used to monitor performance to determine whether it continues to remain within acceptable bounds. Aims and Objectives: To assess the quality of service in the delivery of child health care in a primary health care setting. To evaluate client satisfaction. To assess utilization of facilities by the community. Materials and Methods: Study Type: Cross-sectional community-based study. Quality assessment was done by taking 30-50%, of the service provider. Client satisfaction was determined with 1 Immunization and child examination-90 clients each. Utilization of services was assessed among 478 households. Statistical Analysis: Proportions, Likertâ€²s scale to grade the services and Chi-square. Results: Immunization service: Identification of needed vaccine, preparation and care was average. Vaccination technique, documentation, EPI education, maintenance of cold chain and supplies were excellent. Client satisfaction was good. Growth monitoring: It was excellent except for motherâ€²s education andoutreach educational session . Acute respiratory tract infection care: History, physical examination, ARI education were poor. Classification, treatment and referral were excellent. Client satisfaction was good. Diarrheal disease care: History taking was excellent. But examination, classification, treatment, ORT education were poor. Conclusion: Mothers education was not stressed by service providers. Service providersâ€² knowledge do not go with the quality of service rendered. Physical examination of the child was not good. Except for immunization other services were average.
Chassin Mark R
Full Text Available Abstract Israel has made impressive progress in improving performance on key measures of the quality of health care in the community in recent years. These achievements are all the more notable given Israel's modest overall spending on health care and because they have accrued to virtually the entire population of the country. Health care systems in most developed nations around the world find themselves in a similar position today with respect to health care quality. Despite significantly increased improvement efforts over the past decade, routine safety processes, such as hand hygiene and medication administration, fail routinely at rates of 30% to 50%. People with chronic diseases experience preventable episodes of acute illness that require hospitalization due to medication mix-ups and other failures of outpatient management. Patients continue to be harmed by preventable adverse events, such as surgery on the wrong part of the body and fires in operating theaters. Health care around the world is not nearly as safe as other industries, such as commercial aviation, that have mastered highly effective ways to manage serious hazards. Health care organizations will have to undertake three interrelated changes to get substantially closer to the superlative safety records of other industries: leadership commitment to zero major quality failures, widespread implementation of highly effective process improvement methods, and the adoption of all facets of a culture of safety. Each of these changes represents a major challenge to the way today's health care organizations plan and carry out their daily work. The Israeli health system is in an enviable position to implement these changes. Universal health insurance coverage, the enrolment of the entire population in a small number of health plans, and the widespread use of electronic health records provide advantages available to few other countries. Achieving and sustaining levels of safety comparable to, say, commercial aviation will be a long journey for health care--one we should begin promptly. This is a commentary on http://www.ijhpr.org/content/1/1/3/
Harolds, Jay A
The Institute of Medicine report entitled The Health Care Imperative: Lowering Costs and Improving Outcomes discussed numerous ways to decrease costs in the health care system without decreasing quality. The use of evidence-based medicine, eliminating wasteful spending such as needlessly high administrative costs, having more preventive services, having a better reimbursement system that emphasized quality, developing a less fragmented and more efficient medical delivery system, having more transparency for patients on the outcomes of different providers, having greater health care literacy for patients, and eliminating fraud were some of the recommendations. The total savings from eliminating unnecessary health care costs was estimated to be over 3 quarters of a trillion dollars each year. PMID:26545019
Izu, Regina Moromizato
The present study examines educational policy documents and programs on early childhood development and education in Peru. The author provides an evaluation of early childhood learning programs and their outcomes in different education centers in Peru. Health, nutrition, development, and participation are identified as key areas of concern. The study concludes with a reference to the importance of monitoring quality and equity in early childhood care.
Ethelwynn L. Stellenberg; Johanna E. Eygelaar
Currently barriers exist in delivering quality health care. This study aimed to investigate such barriers in the eight rural district hospitals of the West Coast Winelands Region, three type A and five type B hospitals. A quantitative descriptive design was applied which included the total population of nursing staff (n = 340) working at the time of data collection. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed with a response rate of 82%.Reliability of the instrument was verified using t...
Rosenstock, Steffen Jais; Møller, Morten H; Larsson, Heidi; Johnsen, Søren P; Madsen, Anders H; Bendix, Jørgen; Adamsen, Sven; Jensen, Anders G; Zimmermann-Nielsen, Erik; Nielsen, Ann-Sophie; Kallehave, Finn; Oxholm, Dorthe; Skarbye, Mona; Jølving, Line R; Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Ove B.; Thomsen, RW; Jørgensen, Henrik Stig
OBJECTIVES:The treatment of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) is complex, and mortality remains high. We present results from a nationwide initiative to monitor and improve the quality of care (QOC) in PUB.METHODS:All Danish hospitals treating PUB patients between 2004 and 2011 prospectively registered demographic, clinical, and prognostic data. QOC was evaluated using eight process and outcome indicators, including time to initial endoscopy, hemostasis obtainment, proportion undergoing surgery, reble...
Background: The main focus of palliative care services is to improve the patient?s quality of life (QOL), which is defined as the subjective evaluation of life as a whole or the patient?s appraisal and satisfaction with their current level of functioning compared with what they perceive to be possible or ideal. Aims: In this prospective study we attempt to validate the Hindi version of a questionnaire designed by the functional assessment of chronic illness therapy (FACIT) me...
Ethelwynn L. Stellenberg
Full Text Available Currently barriers exist in delivering quality health care. This study aimed to investigate such barriers in the eight rural district hospitals of the West Coast Winelands Region, three type A and five type B hospitals. A quantitative descriptive design was applied which included the total population of nursing staff (n = 340 working at the time of data collection. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed with a response rate of 82%.Reliability of the instrument was verified using the Cronbach alpha coefficient and a pilot study. The validity, specifically construct and content validity, were assured by means of an extensive literature review, pilot study and use of experts. Ethics approval was obtained from the relevant stakeholders.Results showed that 272 participants (97% disagreed that provision of staff was adequate, with staff above 40 years of age more likely to disagree (p = p = n =212; 76% indicated that they were not receiving continuing education, with the registered nurses more likely to disagree (?² test, p = 0.02. Participants in both hospital types A (n = 131; 82% and B (n = 108; 91% also disagreed that provision of equipment and consumables was adequate.The research showed that inadequacies relating to human resources, professional development, consumables and equipment influenced the quality of patient care. Urgent attention should be given to the problems identified to ensure quality of patient care in rural hospitals.
Kraynack, Nathan C; McBride, John T
Quality improvement (QI) using a clinical microsystems approach provides cystic fibrosis (CF) centers the opportunity to make a significant positive impact on the health of their patients. The availability of center-specific outcomes data and the support of the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation are important advantages for these quality improvement efforts. This article illustrates how the clinical microsystems methodology can improve care delivery and outcomes by describing the gradual application of quality improvement principles over the past 5 years by the CF team at the Lewis Walker Cystic Fibrosis Center at Akron Children's Hospital in Akron, Ohio. Using the example of a project to improve the pulmonary function of the pediatric patients at our center as a framework, we describe the QI process from the initial team-building phase, through the assessment of care processes, standardization of care, and developing a culture of continuous improvement. We outline how enthusiastic commitment from physician leadership, clinical managers and central administration, the availability of coaches, and an appreciation of the importance of measurement, patient involvement, communication, and standardization are critical components for successful process improvement. PMID:19760542
Søren Ventegodt; Trine Flensborg-Madsen; Niels Jørgen Andersen; Joav Merrick
This paper presents a prospective cohort study, where we explore associations between pregnancy, delivery and the global quality of life (QOL) of the adult child 31-33 years later. The data is from the Copenhagen Perinatal Birth Cohort 1959-61 using two sets of questionnaires send to 7,222 persons: one filled out by physicians during pregnancy and delivery, while the follow-up questionnaire was completed by the adult children 31-33 years later. The main outcome measures were objective factors...
Herold-Majumdar, A; Behrens, J
Quality of life - an important outcome factor of long-term care - development and psychometric testing of an audit instrument, the Quality of Life Index, (QoL index"), to assess the consideration for individual quality of life aspects during the care process in long-term care settings is evaluated ?-? even for clients with limited communication skills.A stratified random sample of n=209 residents was drawn out of the population of N=1 128 residents of 8 nursing homes and their individual QoL-aspects were assessed with SEIQoL-DW or in difficult communication situations with "LQ-Index-Informationssammlung". The LQ-Index's new items were validated via a parallel testing with the reference instrument SEIQoL-DW, the split half-reliability, the interrater reliability (Kappa) and a structured expert review according to the cognitive interview technique.All 209 participants were assessed via LQ-Index. The SEIQoL-Interview was completed and estimated valid by 18 (8.61%) residents. The psychometric testing results and the expert review indicate high feasibility, good reliability, validity and objectivity of the instrument "LQ-Index".As a result of this study a feasible and valid instrument is now available to assess the consideration for individual quality of life aspects during the care process in long-term care settings - even for clients with limited communication skills. PMID:22322335
Olga Alicia Carbonell
Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the potential impact of an intervention program (Kangaroo Mother Care, KMC on maternal sensitivity in a sample of high-risk adolescent mothers. Two mother-infant groups were compared: adolescent mothers with their preterm baby in kangaroo care and adolescent mothers with their full-term baby in regular care. Naturalistic observations at the home environment were conducted to assess maternal quality of care. No significant differences were found between both groups of dyads. Results are in line with the notion that KMC seems to play a protective role for adolescent mothers and their premature babies, given the additional risk factor of prematurity when compared to the full term group. These preliminary findings are stimulating and support further inquiry into the effects of KMC on maternal sensitivity particularly in high-risk populations.
Mayberry, Robert M.; Nicewander, David A.; Qin, Huanying; Ballard, David J
The health care quality chasm is better described as a gulf for certain segments of the population, such as racial and ethnic minority groups, given the gap between actual care received and ideal or best care quality. The landmark Institute of Medicine report Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century challenges all health care organizations to pursue six major aims of health care improvement: safety, timeliness, effectiveness, efficiency, equity, and patient-centere...
...Protection and Affordable Care Act; Exchanges and Qualified Health Plans, Quality Rating System...and illness, access to care, member experience, plan services and efficiency...appropriateness of care and plan management. The...
Full Text Available Background: Although there are no prevalence studies on hypertension in Botswana, this condition is thought to be common and the quality of care to be poor.Aim: The aim of this project was to assess and improve the quality of primary care forhypertension.Setting: Moshupa clinic and catchment area, Botswana.Methods: Quality improvement cycle.Results: Two hundred participants were included in the audit. Sixty-eight per cent were women with a mean age of 55 years. In the baseline audit none of the target standards were met. During the re-audit six months later, six out of nine structural target standards, five out of 11 process target standards and one out of two outcome target standards were achieved. Statistically-significant improvement in performance (p < 0.05 was shown in 10 criteria although the target standard was not always met. In the re-audit, the target of achieving blood pressure control (< 140/90 in 70% of patients was achieved.Conclusion: The quality of care for hypertension was suboptimal in our setting. Simple interventions were designed and implemented to improve the quality of care. These interventions led to significant improvement in structural and process criteria. A corresponding significant improvement in the control of blood pressure was also seen.
Full Text Available Abstract Background Since 2000, Israel has had a national program for ongoing monitoring of the quality of the primary care services provided by the country's four competing non-profit health plans. Previous research has demonstrated that quality of care has improved substantially since the program's inception and that the program enjoys wide support among health plan managers. However, prior to this study there were anecdotal and journalistic reports of opposition to the program among primary care physicians engaged in direct service delivery; these raised serious questions about the extent of support among physicians nationally. Goals To assess how Israeli primary care physicians experience and rate health plan efforts to track and improve the quality of care. Method The study population consisted of primary care physicians employed by the health plans who have responsibility for the quality of care of a panel of adult patients. The study team randomly sampled 250 primary-care physicians from each of the four health plans. Of the 1,000 physicians sampled, 884 met the study criteria. Every physician could choose whether to participate in the survey by mail, e-mail, or telephone. The anonymous questionnaire was completed by 605 physicians – 69% of those eligible. The data were weighted to reflect differences in sampling and response rates across health plans. Main findings The vast majority of respondents (87% felt that the monitoring of quality was important and two-thirds (66% felt that the feedback and subsequent remedial interventions improved medical care to a great extent. Almost three-quarters (71% supported continuation of the program in an unqualified manner. The physicians with the most positive attitudes to the program were over age 44, independent contract physicians, and either board-certified in internal medicine or without any board-certification (i.e., residents or general practitioners. At the same time, support for the program was widespread even among physicians who are young, board-certified in family medicine, and salaried. Many physicians also reported that various problems had emerged to a great or very great extent: a heavier workload (65%, over-competitiveness (60%, excessive managerial pressure (48%, and distraction from other clinical issues (35%. In addition, there was some criticism of the quality of the measures themselves. Respondents also identified approaches to addressing these problems. Conclusions The findings provide perspective on the anecdotal reports of physician opposition to the monitoring program; they may well accurately reflect the views of the small number of physicians directly involved, but they do not reflect the views of primary care physicians as a whole, who are generally quite supportive of the program. At the same time, the study confirms the existence of several perceived problems. Some of these problems, such as excess managerial pressure, can probably best be addressed by the health plans themselves; while others, such as the need to refine the quality indicators, are probably best addressed at the national level. Cooperation between primary care physicians and health plan managers, which has been an essential component of the program's success thus far, can also play an important role in addressing the problems identified.
To Study the Relationship between Maternal Hemoglobin and Perinatal outcome in a cohort of 860 pregnant women and to highlight the importance of antenatal care regarding maternal health and fetal outcome. All Singleton pregnancies delivering at Pakistan Railway Hospital Rawalpindi from January 2004 to December 2005 that fulfilled the required criteria were included. Out of the 860 patients, 402 were anemic (<11gm/dl) and 458 were non anemic. Perinatal outcome included preterm delivery, low birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation, perinatal death, low apgr scores and intrauterine fetal deaths. Risk of preterm and Low birth weight among anemic women was 3.4 and 1.8 times more than non anaemic women. The neonates of anemic woman also had 1.7 times increased risk of having low apgr scores at 1 min. Among anemic women there was 2.2 times greater risk of intrauterine fetal death than the non-anemic women. Regular antenatal care from first trimester has a vital role in assessing and managing maternal anemia timely and it directly affects the perinatal outcome. The patients with anemia have also higher risk of having low birth weight, preterm births and intra uterine fetal death. (author)
Hysong Sylvia J
Full Text Available Abstract Background The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA has led the industry in measuring facility performance as a critical element in improving quality of care, investing substantial resources to develop and maintain valid and cost-effective measures. The External Peer Review Program (EPRP of the VA is the official data source for monitoring facility performance, used to prioritize the quality areas needing most attention. Facility performance measurement has significantly improved preventive and chronic care, as well as overall quality; however, much variability still exists in levels of performance across measures and facilities. Audit and feedback (A&F, an important component of effective performance measurement, can help reduce this variability and improve overall performance. Previous research suggests that VA Medical Centers (VAMCs with high EPRP performance scores tend to use EPRP data as a feedback source. However, the manner in which EPRP data are used as a feedback source by individual providers as well as service line, facility, and network leadership is not well understood. An in-depth understanding of mental models, strategies, and specific feedback process characteristics adopted by high-performing facilities is thus urgently needed. This research compares how leaders of high, low, and moderately performing VAMCs use clinical performance data from the EPRP as a feedback tool to maintain and improve quality of care. Methods We will conduct a qualitative, grounded theory analysis of up to 64 interviews using a novel method of sampling primary care, facility, and Veterans Integrated Service Network (VISN leadership at high-, moderate-, and low-performing facilities. We will analyze interviews for evidence of cross-facility differences in perceptions of performance data usefulness and strategies for disseminating performance data evaluating performance, with particular attention to timeliness, individualization, and punitiveness of feedback delivery. Discussion Most research examining feedback to improve provider and facility performance lacks a detailed understanding of the elements of effective feedback. This research will highlight the elements most commonly used at high-performing facilities and identify additional features of their successful feedback strategies not previously identified. Armed with this information, practices can implement more effective A&F interventions to improve quality of care.
Wang, C Jason; Jonas, Rinat; Fu, Chong Min; Ng, Chun Y; Douglass, Laurie
We developed a comprehensive set of quality-of-care indicators for the management of children with infantile spasms in the United States, encompassing evaluation, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention and management of side effects and comorbidities. The indicators were developed using the RAND/UCLA Modified Delphi Method. After a focused review of the literature and guidelines by the study team, an expert panel (nominated by leaders of Child Neurology Society, American Epilepsy Society, and National Institute for Neurologic Disorders) rated the draft indicators anonymously, met face-to-face to discuss each indicator, and rerated the revised indicators on validity, feasibility, and importance. The panel recommended 21 indicators, of which 8 were identified as most likely to have a large positive impact on improving quality of life and/or health outcomes for children with infantile spasms. The proposed indicators can be used to assess and document variations and gaps in quality-of-care and inform future research and quality improvement interventions. PMID:22566712
Purpose: A total of 79 115 mammograms from statutory health insurance (SHI) physicians within German outpatient care were evaluated with respect to the diagnostic image quality. Materials and Methods: Mammograms were randomly selected between 2006 and 2008 by the regional Associations of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians and submitted to regional boards of experts for external evaluation. The mammogram quality was evaluated using a 3-point scale (adequate, borderline, failure) and documented using a nationally standardized protocol. Results: 87.6 % of the mammograms were classified as adequate, 11.0 % as borderline and 1.4 % as failure. Mediolateral oblique mammograms (mlo) had worse ratings than craniocaudal mammograms (cc). Main reasons for classifying the mammograms as borderline or failure were 'inframammary fold not adequately visualized' (mlo), 'pectoral muscle not in the correct angle or not to the level with the nipple' (mlo), 'the nipple not in profile' (mlo, cc) and 'breast not completely or not adequately visualized' (cc). Conclusion: The results show a good overall quality of mammograms in German outpatient medical care. Failures can be associated predominantly with incorrect positioning of the breast. More precisely defined quality criteria using objective measures are recommended, especially for craniocaudal mammograms (cc). (orig.)
Boyle, Brendan M.; Palmer, Lena; Kappelman, Michael D.
The Institute of Medicine’s publications To Error is Human and Crossing the Quality Chasm publicized the widespread deficits in U.S. health care quality. Emerging studies continue to reveal deficits in the quality of adult and pediatric care, including subspecialty care. In recent years, key stakeholders in the health care system including providers, purchasers, and the public have been applying various quality improvement methods to address these concerns. Lessons learned from these efforts ...
Oscanoa, Mery; Bergdahl, Roger
The social service care system for the elderly has undergone a number of changes during the last decades. These reforms, especially the purchaser-provider split, have changed the role of the state in this sector somewhat, from being a monolithic provider of tax-financed elderly care to primarily being a purchaser who might choose to purchase elderly care services from private providers. However, the state has still retained a public elderly care service. Needless to say, the reform paved the ...
Jensen, Bente; Iannone, Rosa Lisa
disadvantaged children in particular. Results from this review showed that several initiatives have been taken to raise professionals' knowledge and skills, and overall competences to implement high quality interventions in day care. However findings also showed that resources and support at the policy or...... available for children from an early age, and thereby on the professional development of ECEC practioners. In European countries, the literature is more sparse, however results from this study, based on a comparative review of professional development systems and approaches in European countries, shows that...... it is possible to identify different ways for improving ECEC quality, both structurally and processually. We know from research, that processual quality, e.g. positive interactions between children and adults, is the most important factor to improving child outcomes in general and for socially...
Pedersen, Charlotte Gjørup; Gradus, Jaimie L; Johnsen, Søren Paaske; Mainz, Jan
Improvement of quality of care for psychiatric patients is a key objective of health care systems worldwide. Consequently, there is an increasing interest in documenting quality of care; however, little is known about the validity of the available data on psychiatric care....
The National Association for Family Child Care (NAFCC), a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting quality child care, believes that family child care accreditation is the true measure of high-quality family based care. In this article, the author presents the steps made by the NAFCC to accreditation. NAFCC Accreditation is a formal system…
Patel, Shaun P; Lee, Jay S; Ranney, David N; Al-Holou, Shaza N; Frost, Christopher M; Harris, Meredith E; Lewin, Sarah A; Liu, Erqi; Madenci, Arin; Majkrzak, Allen A; Nelson, Jessica; Peterson, Sarah F; Serecky, Kerri A; Wilkinson, David A; Wojcik, Brandon M; Englesbe, Michael J; Lynch, Raymond J
With the recent regulations limiting resident work hours, it has become more important to understand how residents spend their time. The volume and content of the pages they receive provide a valuable source of information that give insight into their workload and help identify inefficiencies in hospital communication. We hypothesized that above a certain workload threshold, paging data would suggest breakdowns in communication and implications for quality of care. All pages sent to six general surgery interns at the University of Michigan over the course of one academic year (7/1/2008-6/30/2009) were retrospectively categorized by sender type, message type, message modifier, and message quality. Census, discharge, and admission information for each intern service were also collected, and intern duties were further analyzed with respect to schedule. "On-call" days were defined as days on which the intern bore responsibility for care of all admitted floor patients. The interns received a total of 9,843 pages during the study period. During on-call shifts, each intern was paged an average of 57 ± 3 times, and those on non-call shifts received an average of 12 ± 3 pages. Floor/intensive care unit (ICU) nurses represented 32% of the page volume received by interns. Interestingly, as patient volume increased, there was a decrease in the number of pages received per patient. By contrast, at higher patient volumes, there was a trend toward an increasing percentage of urgent pages per patient. At high intern workloads, our data suggest no major communication breakdowns but reveal the potential for inferior quality of care. PMID:20703470
Villadsen, Sarah Fredsted; Negussie, Dereje
BACKGROUND: Interventions for curing most diseases and save lives of pregnant and delivering women exist, yet the power of health systems to deliver them to those in most need is not sufficient. The aims of this study were to design a participatory antenatal care (ANC) strengthening intervention and assess the implementation process and effectiveness on quality of ANC in Jimma, Ethiopia. METHODS: The intervention comprised trainings, supervisions, equipment, development of health education material, and adaption of guidelines. It was implemented at public facilities and control sites were included in the evaluation. Improved content of care (physical examinations, laboratory testing, tetanus toxoid (TT)-immunization, health education, conduct of health professionals, and waiting time) were defined as proximal project outcomes and increased quality of care (better identification of health problems and increased overall user satisfaction with ANC) were distal project outcomes. The process of implementation was documented in monthly supervision reports. Household surveys, before (2008) and after (2010) intervention, were conducted amongst all women who had given birth within the previous 12 months. The effect of the intervention was assessed by comparing the change in quality of care from before to after the intervention period at intervention sites, relative to control sites, using logistic mixed effect regression. RESULTS: The continued attention to the ANC provision during implementation stimulated increased priority of ANC among health care providers. The organizational structure of the facilities and lack of continuity in care provision turned out to be a major challenge for implementation. There was a positive effect of the intervention on health education on danger signs during pregnancy (OR: 3.9, 95% CI: 2.6;5.7), laboratory testing (OR for blood tests other than HIV 2.9, 95% CI: 1.9;4.5), health problem identification (OR 1.8, 95% CI: 1.1;3.1), and satisfaction with the service (OR: 0.4, 95% CI: 0.2;0.9). There was no effect of intervention on conduct of health professionals. The effect of intervention on various outcomes was significantly modified by maternal education. CONCLUSION: The quality of care can be improved in some important aspects with limited resources. Moreover, the study provides strategic perspectives on how to facilitate improved quality of ANC.
Full Text Available Foi analisada a mortalidade perinatal em São Paulo num período de dois anos. Partiu o estudo da totalidade dos atestados de nascidos mortos e de uma amostra de óbitos de menores de sete dias, para a qual a metodologia foi a de entrevistas domiciliares e junto aos médicos e hospitais que tenham prestado assistência às crianças falecidas. O coeficiente de mortalidade perinatal encontrado foi igual a 42,04 por mil nascidos vivos. Esse valor apresenta-se bastante elevado quando comparado ao de áreas desenvolvidas. Foi verificado que ele poderia ser diminuído com a simples redução dos coeficientes específicos por algumas causas evitáveis a nível de pré-natal (sífilis congênita, doenças próprias ou associadas à gravidez, do parto (distócias, traumatismos obstétricos e anóxia, ou da atenção ao recém-nascido (causas infecciosas, do aparelho respiratório, hemorragias e certas anóxias. O coeficiente de mortalidade perinatal segundo a idade da mãe mostrou que o risco varia com a idade, apresentando-se maior nas mulheres de 40 a 49 anos.Perinatal mortality in S. Paulo, over a period of two years, was analysed. The study took in all death certificates of the stillborn and a sample of children under a week of age. For the latter the methodology used was by interviewing phisicians and hospitals that cared for the deceased. The perinatal mortality rate was 42,05 per thousand live births. This value is really high when compared with those of developed areas. Nevertheless it can be reduced once the specific rates for some of the avoidable diseases be reduced by proper pre-natal care (congenital syphilis, illness pertaining to or associated with pregnancy. This can also be done by improving care at delivery (Distocias, obstetrical traumatism and anoxia and towards the newlyborn (infeccious diseases, respiratory diseases, haemorrages and anoxia. The perinatal mortality rate varies with the age of the mother, the risk being largest in women between 40 and 49 years of age.
Ruy, Laurenti; Maria Helena, Silveira; Arnaldo A. F., Siqueira.
Full Text Available Foi analisada a mortalidade perinatal em São Paulo num período de dois anos. Partiu o estudo da totalidade dos atestados de nascidos mortos e de uma amostra de óbitos de menores de sete dias, para a qual a metodologia foi a de entrevistas domiciliares e junto aos médicos e hospitais que tenham prest [...] ado assistência às crianças falecidas. O coeficiente de mortalidade perinatal encontrado foi igual a 42,04 por mil nascidos vivos. Esse valor apresenta-se bastante elevado quando comparado ao de áreas desenvolvidas. Foi verificado que ele poderia ser diminuído com a simples redução dos coeficientes específicos por algumas causas evitáveis a nível de pré-natal (sífilis congênita, doenças próprias ou associadas à gravidez), do parto (distócias, traumatismos obstétricos e anóxia), ou da atenção ao recém-nascido (causas infecciosas, do aparelho respiratório, hemorragias e certas anóxias). O coeficiente de mortalidade perinatal segundo a idade da mãe mostrou que o risco varia com a idade, apresentando-se maior nas mulheres de 40 a 49 anos. Abstract in english Perinatal mortality in S. Paulo, over a period of two years, was analysed. The study took in all death certificates of the stillborn and a sample of children under a week of age. For the latter the methodology used was by interviewing phisicians and hospitals that cared for the deceased. The perinat [...] al mortality rate was 42,05 per thousand live births. This value is really high when compared with those of developed areas. Nevertheless it can be reduced once the specific rates for some of the avoidable diseases be reduced by proper pre-natal care (congenital syphilis, illness pertaining to or associated with pregnancy). This can also be done by improving care at delivery (Distocias, obstetrical traumatism and anoxia) and towards the newlyborn (infeccious diseases, respiratory diseases, haemorrages and anoxia). The perinatal mortality rate varies with the age of the mother, the risk being largest in women between 40 and 49 years of age.
Bhatti, Junaid A; Waseem, Hunniya; Razzak, Junaid A; Shiekh, Naeem-Ul-Lah; Khoso, Ajmal Khan; Salmi, L-Rachid
Interurban road crashes often result in severe Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs). Prehospital emergency care on interurban roads was rarely evaluated in the low- and middle-income countries. The study highlighted the availability and quality of prehospital care facilities on interurban roads in Pakistan, a low-income country. The study setting was a 592-km-long National highway in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Using the questionnaires adapted from the World Health Organization prehospital care guidelines [Sasser et al., 2005], managers and ambulance staff at the stations along highways were interviewed regarding the process of care, supplies in ambulances, and their experience of trauma care. Ambulance stations were either managed by the police or the Edhi Foundation (EF), a philanthropic organization. All highway stations were managed by the EF; the median distance between highway stations was 38 km (Interquartile Range [IQR]=27-46). We visited 14 stations, ten on the highway section, and four in cities, including two managed by the police. Most highway stations (n=13) received one RTI call per day. Half of stations (n=5) were inside highway towns, usually near primary or secondary-level healthcare facilities. Travel time to the nearest tertiary healthcare facility ranged from 31 to 70 minutes (median=48 minutes; IQR=30-60). Other shortcomings noted for stations were not triaging RTI cases (86%), informing hospitals (64%), or recording response times (57%). All ambulances (n=12) had stretchers, but only 58% had oxygen cylinders. The median schooling of ambulance staff (n=13) was 8 years (IQR=3-10), and the median paramedic training was 3 days (IQR=2-3). Observed shortcomings in prehospital care could be improved by public-private partnerships focusing on paramedic training, making available essential medical supplies, and linking ambulance stations with designated healthcare facilities for appropriate RTI triage. PMID:24406963
van Diem Mariet Th
Full Text Available Abstract Background Perinatal (mortality audit can be considered to be a way to improve the careprocess for all pregnant women and their newborns by creating an opportunity to learn from unwanted events in the care process. In unit-based perinatal audit, the caregivers involved in cases that result in mortality are usually part of the audit group. This makes such an audit a delicate matter. Methods The purpose of this study was to implement unit-based perinatal mortality audit in all 15 perinatal cooperation units in the northern region of the Netherlands between September 2007 and March 2010. These units consist of hospital-based and independent community-based perinatal caregivers. The implementation strategy encompassed an information plan, an organization plan, and a training plan. The main outcomes are the number of participating perinatal cooperation units at the end of the project, the identified substandard factors (SSF, the actions to improve care, and the opinions of the participants. Results The perinatal mortality audit was implemented in all 15 perinatal cooperation units. 677 different caregivers analyzed 112 cases of perinatal mortality and identified 163 substandard factors. In 31% of cases the guidelines were not followed and in 23% care was not according to normal practice. In 28% of cases, the documentation was not in order, while in 13% of cases the communication between caregivers was insufficient. 442 actions to improve care were reported for ‘external cooperation’ (15%, ‘internal cooperation’ (17%, ‘practice organization’ (26%, ‘training and education’ (10%, and ‘medical performance’ (27%. Valued aspects of the audit meetings were: the multidisciplinary character (13%, the collective and non-judgmental search for substandard factors (21%, the perception of safety (13%, the motivation to reflect on one’s own professional performance (5%, and the inherent postgraduate education (10%. Conclusion Following our implementation strategy, the perinatal mortality audit has been successfully implemented in all 15 perinatal cooperation units. An important feature was our emphasis on the delicate character of the caregivers evaluating the care they provided. However, the actual implementation of the proposed actions for improving care is still a point of concern.
Simone R de Bruin
Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the relationship between presence and nature of co-morbidity and quality of care for diabetes patients enrolled in diabetes disease management programmes provided by care groups.Methods: We performed an observational study within eight Dutch diabetes care groups. Data from patient record systems of care groups and patient questionnaires were used to determine quality of care. Quality of care was measured as provision of the recommended diabetes care, patients’ achievement of recommended clinical outcomes and patients’ perception of coordination and integration of care.Results: 527 diabetes patients without and 1187 diabetes patients with co-morbidity were included. Of the co-morbid patients, 7.8% had concordant co-morbid conditions only, 63.8% had discordant co-morbid diseases only and 28.4% had both types of conditions. Hardly any differences were observed between patients with and without co-morbidity in terms of provided care, achievement of clinical outcomes and perceived coordination and integration of care.Conclusions: Our study implies that care groups are able to provide similar quality of diabetes care for diabetes patients with and without co-morbidity. Considering the expected developments regarding additional disease management programmes in care groups, it is of importance to monitor quality of care, including patient experiences, for all chronic diseases. It will then become clear whether accountable provider-led organisations such as care groups are able to ensure quality of care for the increasing number of patients with multiple chronic conditions.
Huang, Yu-Chu; Lin, Chouh-Jiaun
In Taiwan, responsibility for administering healthcare services is being gradually moved out of hospitals and into the community. As such, nurses are increasingly required to address new problems and meet the specific healthcare needs of important subgroups such as Taiwan's growing elderly population and young adult immigrants. Because policies have lagged behind such developments, nurses are expected to provide leadership in addressing these new challenges. Their status within the medical system, however, continues to reflect earlier, more 'traditional' stereotypes and gives inadequate credit for current responsibilities, which include providing long term healthcare and public health nursing, in addition to homecare responsibilities. In the face of these challenges, Taiwan community nurses have continued to develop new ways to provide care and demonstrated innovation, commitment and flexibility in their roles. If nurses are to continue to take a leading role in developing community healthcare services, they require professional recognition as well as appropriate policy support from regulatory and local government authorities. PMID:19634095
Villadsen, Sarah Fredsted; Negussie, Dereje; GebreMariam, Abebe; Tilahun, Abebech; Friis, Henrik; Rasch, Vibeke
BACKGROUND: Interventions for curing most diseases and save lives of pregnant and delivering women exist, yet the power of health systems to deliver them to those in most need is not sufficient. The aims of this study were to design a participatory antenatal care (ANC) strengthening intervention and assess the implementation process and effectiveness on quality of ANC in Jimma, Ethiopia. METHODS: The intervention comprised trainings, supervisions, equipment, development of health education mater...
Rapin, Joachim; D'Amour, Danielle; Dubois, Carl-Ardy
The quality and safety of nursing care vary from one service to another. We have only very limited information on the quality and safety of nursing care in outpatient settings, an expanding area of practice. Our aim in this study was to make available, from the scientific literature, indicators potentially sensitive to nursing that can be used to evaluate the performance of nursing care in outpatient settings and to integrate those indicators into the theoretical framework of Dubois et al. (2013). We conducted a scoping review in three databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, and EMBASE) and the bibliographies of selected articles. From a total of 116 articles, we selected 22. The results of our study not only enable that framework to be extended to ambulatory nursing care but also enhance it with the addition of five new indicators. Our work offers nurses and managers in ambulatory nursing units indicators potentially sensitive to nursing that can be used to evaluate performance. For researchers, it presents the current state of knowledge on this construct and a framework with theoretical foundations for future research in ambulatory settings. This work opens an unexplored field for further research. PMID:26380108
Rapin, Joachim; D'Amour, Danielle; Dubois, Carl-Ardy
The quality and safety of nursing care vary from one service to another. We have only very limited information on the quality and safety of nursing care in outpatient settings, an expanding area of practice. Our aim in this study was to make available, from the scientific literature, indicators potentially sensitive to nursing that can be used to evaluate the performance of nursing care in outpatient settings and to integrate those indicators into the theoretical framework of Dubois et al. (2013). We conducted a scoping review in three databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, and EMBASE) and the bibliographies of selected articles. From a total of 116 articles, we selected 22. The results of our study not only enable that framework to be extended to ambulatory nursing care but also enhance it with the addition of five new indicators. Our work offers nurses and managers in ambulatory nursing units indicators potentially sensitive to nursing that can be used to evaluate performance. For researchers, it presents the current state of knowledge on this construct and a framework with theoretical foundations for future research in ambulatory settings. This work opens an unexplored field for further research. PMID:26380108
Epstein, Arnold M; Jha, Ashish K; Orav, E John; Liebman, Daniel L; Audet, Anne-Marie J; Zezza, Mark A; Guterman, Stuart
Accountable care organizations (ACOs) have attracted interest from many policy makers and clinical leaders because of their potential to improve the quality of care and reduce costs. Federal ACO programs for Medicare beneficiaries are now up and running, but little information is available about the baseline characteristics of early entrants. In this descriptive study we present data on the structural and market characteristics of these early ACOs and compare ACOs' patient populations, costs, and quality with those of their non-ACO counterparts at baseline. We found that ACO patients were more likely than non-ACO patients to be older than age eighty and had higher incomes. ACO patients were less likely than non-ACO patients to be black, covered by Medicaid, or disabled. The cost of care for ACO patients was slightly lower than that for non-ACO patients. Slightly fewer than half of the ACOs had a participating hospital. Hospitals that were in ACOs were more likely than non-ACO hospitals to be large, teaching, and not-for-profit, although there was little difference in their performance on quality metrics. Our findings can be useful in interpreting the early results from the federal ACO programs and in establishing a baseline to assess the programs' development. PMID:24395940
Ikkersheim, David E; van de Pas, Harm
Background In The Netherlands, mainly inexperienced physicians work in the ED on all shifts, including the evening and night shifts, when no direct supervision is available. In 2004 a report of the Dutch Health Care Inspectorate revealed that quality of care at Emergency Departments (EDs) was highly variable. Based on this report and international studies showing significant potential for quality improvement, stakeholders felt the need to improve the quality of EM care. Based on the literatur...
Boyle, Brendan M; Palmer, Lena; Kappelman, Michael D
The Institute of Medicine's publications To Error is Human and Crossing the Quality Chasm publicized the widespread deficits in US health care quality. Emerging studies continue to reveal deficits in the quality of adult and pediatric care, including subspecialty care. In recent years, key stakeholders in the health care system including providers, purchasers, and the public have been applying various quality improvement methods to address these concerns. Lessons learned from these efforts in other pediatric conditions, including asthma, cystic fibrosis, neonatal intensive care, and liver transplantation may be applicable to the care of children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).This review is intended to be a primer on the quality of care movement in the United States, with a focus on pediatric IBD. In this article, we review the history, rationale, and methods of quality measurement and improvement, and we discuss the unique challenges in adapting these general strategies to pediatric IBD care. PMID:19633570
Sosinsky, Laura Stout; Kim, Se-Kang
Building on prior variable-oriented research which demonstrates the independence of the associations of child care quality, quantity, and type of setting with family factors and child outcomes, the current study identifies four profiles of child care dimensions from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Profiles accounted for…
Gizzo, Salvatore; Noventa, Marco; Vitagliano, Amerigo; Quaranta, Michela; Giovanni, Valentina Di; Borgato, Shara; Saccardi, Carlo; D’Antona, Donato
During a standard obstetrical sonogram, the assessment of placental location (PL) is often limited to a mere notional description without formulating any association to possible implications on pregnancy and childbirth. The aim of the study was to speculate if different sites of PL may have a role in influencing fetal presentation-(FP) at birth and if certain pregnancy-complications may be more closely associated with one rather than with another PL. We conducted an observational-prospective-cohort study on pregnant women referred to the Ob/Gyn Unit of Padua University for routine third-trimester ultrasound scan. For all eligible patients we evaluated the correlation between sites of PL and perinatal maternal/fetal outcomes. Non-cephalic presentation was found in 1.4% of anterior, 8.9% of posterior, 6.2% of fundal and 7.2% of lateral insertions. FP at the beginning of the third trimester as opposed to presentation at birth was concordant in 90.3% of anterior, 63.3% of posterior and 76.5% of lateral insertions. Considering only non-cephalic fetuses we observed a decreasing probability for spontaneous rotation in the following lies: 88% anterior-PL, 80% posterior-PL, 77% lateral-PL, and 70% fundal-PL. Patients with posterior-PL (significantly associated with previous-CS) had a significantly higher CS-rate (due to previous-CS and breech-presentation). Significant differences were found in terms of gestational-hypertension and fresh-placental-weight between different sites of PL. In conclusion our data showed that an understanding of the role that PL plays in influencing the incidence of certain maternal-fetal conditions may assist Clinicians in improving perinatal maternal/fetal outcomes. PMID:26550228
X-ray lung diagnosis in an intensive-care unit makes special demands on technique, imaging and on the physician's experience. The quality of image interpretation and evaluation is considerably improved by superimposing the technical data on the X-ray image and by using an antiscatter grid cassette. Proper evaluation of the parameters important for diagnosis is improved by registration of the data on the X-ray film; taking a maximum possible score of 100 as reference value, quality of evaluation is improved from 66.5 points to 71.8 points by data registration on the film itself, whereas the simultaneous use of an antiscatter grid cassette improves the score still further, namely, to 84.3 points. The importance of the clinical condition of the patient, and of the type of breathing chosen, for assessing the chest X-ray, is emphasized. (orig.)
Validade, confiabilidade e evitabilidade da causa básica dos óbitos neonatais ocorridos em unidade de cuidados intensivos da Rede Norte-Nordeste de Saúde Perinatal Validez, confiabilidad y evitabilidad de la causa básica de óbitos neonatales ocurridos en una unidad de cuidados intensivos de la Red Norte-Nordeste de Salud Perinatal Validity and reliability of data and avoidability of the underlying cause of neonatal deaths in the intensive care unit of the North-Northeast Perinatal Care Network
Isabel Marlúcia Lopes Moreira de Almeida; Oneide Angélica Monteiro Santos Rocha; Keila R O Gomes; Carla Maria de Castro Dias e Silva; José Machado Moita Neto
Analisar a validade e confiabilidade da causa básica e a evitabilidade dos óbitos neonatais ocorridos em unidade de cuidados intensivos da Rede Norte-Nordeste de Saúde Perinatal (RENOSPE). A amostra foi de 53 óbitos neonatais contidos no banco de dados da RENOSPE e ocorridos em maternidade de Teresina, Piauí, Brasil. A validade foi feita comparando-se as causas da Rede com as obtidas dos prontuários, sendo calculado kappa, sensibilidade e valor preditivo positivo (VPP). Na análise da evitabil...
Nordin Annika M. M.
Full Text Available Background and purpose: The use of quality registers has increased rapidly in Sweden and they are identified as beneficial for health care competitiveness. A quality register is a structured gathering of patient information, to improve health care. However, the introduction of quality registers in health care organisations presupposes that employees know how to use them in quality improvement. Disconnections, or knowledge gaps, concerning quality registers hamper the possibilities to take advantage of them. Taking departure in professional health care educations, the purpose with the paper is to identify and explore knowledge gaps concerning quality registers. A second purpose is to propose actions to bridge the gaps.
Nizarali, Z; Marques, T; Costa, C; Barroso, R.; Cunha, M.
Background: Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) is the most common heart disease among the newborn population. Besides prematurity, other factors are believed to play a significant role in this condition. Aims: Identification of perinatal risk factors associated with PDA in premature or Very Low Birth Weight Infants (VLBW). Material and methods: Transversal study including all infants admitted to a Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, from January 2005 to December 2009 and includ...
Full Text Available Srikar Adhikari,1 Richard Amini,1 Lori A Stolz,1 Michael Blaivas2 1Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Arizona Medical Center, Tucson, AZ, 2Department of Internal Medicine, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC, USA Abstract: The use of point-of-care (POC ultrasonography has rapidly expanded in recent years, in both academic and community settings. It is one of the few diagnostic modalities that can be performed rapidly at the bedside by a physician and has significant impact on patient outcomes. It is portable, readily accessible, and cost-effective, and has no risk of ionizing radiation. There is an abundance of evidence that supports the use of POC ultrasound by physicians in different subspecialties. Multiple studies have documented the diagnostic accuracy of POC ultrasound and its ability to decrease the time to definitive treatment. As ultrasound technology has advanced, POC ultrasound applications have also evolved from being used solely in patients with blunt abdominal trauma to applications for nearly every clinical scenario imaginable. From performing procedures more safely to diagnosing pathology more quickly, POC ultrasound is radically changing clinical practice, patient outcomes, and the overall quality of patient care a clinician can provide. Recently, there has been a paradigm shift involving a symptom-based approach to POC ultrasound. This unique symptom-based ultrasound approach has led to improved quality of care in a variety of clinical settings. Keywords: point-of-care ultrasound, ultrasonography, bedside ultrasound, emergency physician, emergency department, quality, symptom-based
Green Michael E
Full Text Available Abstract Purpose To evaluate the appropriateness of potential data sources for the population of performance indicators for primary care (PC practices. Methods This project was a cross sectional study of 7 multidisciplinary primary care teams in Ontario, Canada. Practices were recruited and 5-7 physicians per practice agreed to participate in the study. Patients of participating physicians (20-30 were recruited sequentially as they presented to attend a visit. Data collection included patient, provider and practice surveys, chart abstraction and linkage to administrative data sets. Matched pairs analysis was used to examine the differences in the observed results for each indicator obtained using multiple data sources. Results Seven teams, 41 physicians, 94 associated staff and 998 patients were recruited. The survey response rate was 81% for patients, 93% for physicians and 83% for associated staff. Chart audits were successfully completed on all but 1 patient and linkage to administrative data was successful for all subjects. There were significant differences noted between the data collection methods for many measures. No single method of data collection was best for all outcomes. For most measures of technical quality of care chart audit was the most accurate method of data collection. Patient surveys were more accurate for immunizations, chronic disease advice/information dispensed, some general health promotion items and possibly for medication use. Administrative data appears useful for indicators including chronic disease diagnosis and osteoporosis/ breast screening. Conclusions Multiple data collection methods are required for a comprehensive assessment of performance in primary care practices. The choice of which methods are best for any one particular study or quality improvement initiative requires careful consideration of the biases that each method might introduce into the results. In this study, both patients and providers were willing to participate in and consent to, the collection and linkage of information from multiple sources that would be required for such assessments.
Mortes perinatais e avaliação da assistência ao parto em maternidades do Sistema Único de Saúde em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1999 Perinatal deaths and childbirth healthcare evaluation in maternity hospitals of the Brazilian Unified Health System in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1999
Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa a associação entre a morte perinatal e o processo de assistência hospitalar ao parto, considerando-se que grande parte das mortes perinatais pode ser prevenível pela atenção qualificada de saúde e que a avaliação da qualidade da assistência perinatal ao parto é necessária para a redução da morbi-mortalidade perinatal. Realizou-se estudo caso-controle de base populacional dos óbitos perinatais (n = 118 e nascimentos (n = 492, ocorridos em maternidades do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Sexo masculino, prematuridade, doenças na gravidez, baixo peso ao nascer, doenças do recém-nascido, não realização de pré-natal, não utilização de partograma e menos de uma avaliação fetal por hora durante o trabalho de parto apresentaram associação estatisticamente significativa com o óbito perinatal. No modelo de regressão logística múltipla, não utilização do partograma durante o trabalho de parto e tipo de maternidade apresentaram-se como fatores de risco independentes para a morte perinatal. O estudo indica que é deficiente a qualidade da assistência hospitalar ao parto e que aspectos da estrutura dos serviços e do processo de assistência relacionam-se com a mortalidade perinatal por causas evitáveis.This paper analyzes the association between perinatal mortality and factors related to hospital care during labor, considering that healthcare assessment is needed in order to reduce perinatal mortality. A population-based case-control study was conducted with 118 perinatal deaths (cases and 492 births (controls that took place in maternity hospitals of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Male sex, prematurity, diseases during pregnancy, low birth weight, newborn diseases, lack of prenatal care, lack of partograph use during labor, and less than one fetus assessment per hour during labor were significantly associated with perinatal deaths. In the multiple regression analysis, lack of partograph use during labor and type of hospital were associated with perinatal deaths. These results indicate inadequate quality of care in maternity hospitals and show that health services structure and health care process are related to perinatal mortality due to preventable causes.
Mortes perinatais e avaliação da assistência ao parto em maternidades do Sistema Único de Saúde em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1999 / Perinatal deaths and childbirth healthcare evaluation in maternity hospitals of the Brazilian Unified Health System in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1999
Sônia, Lansky; Elisabeth, França; Cibele Comini, César; Luiz Costa, Monteiro Neto; Maria do Carmo, Leal.
Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa a associação entre a morte perinatal e o processo de assistência hospitalar ao parto, considerando-se que grande parte das mortes perinatais pode ser prevenível pela atenção qualificada de saúde e que a avaliação da qualidade da assistência perinatal ao parto é necessária para [...] a redução da morbi-mortalidade perinatal. Realizou-se estudo caso-controle de base populacional dos óbitos perinatais (n = 118) e nascimentos (n = 492), ocorridos em maternidades do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Sexo masculino, prematuridade, doenças na gravidez, baixo peso ao nascer, doenças do recém-nascido, não realização de pré-natal, não utilização de partograma e menos de uma avaliação fetal por hora durante o trabalho de parto apresentaram associação estatisticamente significativa com o óbito perinatal. No modelo de regressão logística múltipla, não utilização do partograma durante o trabalho de parto e tipo de maternidade apresentaram-se como fatores de risco independentes para a morte perinatal. O estudo indica que é deficiente a qualidade da assistência hospitalar ao parto e que aspectos da estrutura dos serviços e do processo de assistência relacionam-se com a mortalidade perinatal por causas evitáveis. Abstract in english This paper analyzes the association between perinatal mortality and factors related to hospital care during labor, considering that healthcare assessment is needed in order to reduce perinatal mortality. A population-based case-control study was conducted with 118 perinatal deaths (cases) and 492 bi [...] rths (controls) that took place in maternity hospitals of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Male sex, prematurity, diseases during pregnancy, low birth weight, newborn diseases, lack of prenatal care, lack of partograph use during labor, and less than one fetus assessment per hour during labor were significantly associated with perinatal deaths. In the multiple regression analysis, lack of partograph use during labor and type of hospital were associated with perinatal deaths. These results indicate inadequate quality of care in maternity hospitals and show that health services structure and health care process are related to perinatal mortality due to preventable causes.
Full Text Available In this study the authors want to present a case of a premature newborn who presented an extremely rare disease for medical practice. Low prevalence of the perinatal leukodystrophy, the difficulty of the clinical diagnosis and the echography resemblance with other diseases of the periventricular white matter is the subjects of this presentation.
Yali Sun; Ling Gao; Ying Dong; Ling Gong
To investigatetheinfluences of the application of human care theory on the life quality and happiness of cancer patients after they receiveda community nursing care which was implemented by the human care theory. The quality life and the happiness index of 93 patients with cancer living in the six communities in Jillin were assessed, the assessment of the life quality was based on a life quality scale (SF-36) and that of the happiness index was based on Memorial Univers...
Grabowski, David C.; Aschbrenner, Kelly A.; Rome, Vincent F.; Bartels, Stephen J
Because of the high proportion of nursing home residents with a mental illness other than dementia, the quality of mental health care in nursing homes is a major clinical and policy issue. The authors apply Donabedian's framework for assessing quality of care based on the triad of structure, process, and outcome-based measures in reviewing the literature on the quality of mental health care in nursing homes. Quality measures used within the literature include mental health consultations and h...
Badawi, Dalia; Saleh, Shadi; Natafgi, Nabil; Mourad, Yara; Behbehani, Kazem
Diabetes Mellitus is one of the major public health challenges, affecting more than 347 million adults worldwide. The impact of diabetes necessitates assessing the quality of care received by people with diabetes, especially in countries with a significant diabetes burden such as Kuwait. This paper aimed at piloting an approach for measuring Type II diabetes care performance through the use of a diabetes quality indicator set (DQIS) in primary health care. The DQIS for Kuwait was adapted from...
Full Text Available Abstract In Japan, attention has increasingly focused on ensuring the quality of care, particularly in the area of cancer care. The 2006 Basic Cancer Control Act reinforced efforts to ensure the quality of cancer care in a number of sectors, including the role of government in ensuring quality. We initiated a government-funded research project to develop quality indicators to measure the quality of care for five major cancers (breast, lung, stomach, colorectal, and liver cancer in Japan, and palliative care for cancers in general. While we successfully developed a total of 206 quality indicators, a number of issues have been raised regarding the concepts and methodologies used to measure quality. Examples include the choice between measuring the process of care versus the outcome of care; the degree to which the process-outcome link should be confirmed in real-world measurement; handling of exceptional cases; interpretation of measurement results between quality of care versus quality of documentation; creation of summary scores; and the optimal number of quality indicators for measurement considering the trade-off between the measurement validity versus resource limitations. These and other issues must be carefully considered when attempting to measure quality of care, and although many appear to have no correct answer, continuation of the project requires that a decision nevertheless be made. Future activities in this project, which is still ongoing, should focus on the further exploration of these problems.
The primary objective of this study was to ensure that X-rays performed consistently adhere to established technological quality standards and are achieved without compromising patient care while minimizing exposure risks. The secondary objective was to evaluate whether educational sessions targeting areas deemed suboptimal would facilitate improvement. A retrospective, 1-week review of all neonatal X-rays and documentation of clinical information on X-ray requisitions (n = 132) was completed in a tertiary care neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), by a single observer. Standards for X-ray evaluation were defined a priori based on radiographic principles and essential documented medical information for correct interpretation. Targeted areas for improvement were identified and addressed through brief educational sessions and printed pamphlets. The review was repeated after recommendations were implemented. 1 month (n = 93) and 1 year (n = 76) later. Improvements were evident in both the completion of X-ray requisitions and image quality. In particular, there was a statistically significant improvement in requisition legibility (P = 0.019), completeness of the medical history (P < 0.001), reduction in X-ray rotation (P < 0.001), collimation to the specific area of interest (P <0.001), gonadal shielding (P < 0.001), and decrease in monitor leads or artifacts obscuring views (P < 0.001). These improvements were sustained both 1 month and 1 year following the educational sessions. A neonatal X-ray audit is a simple, effective way to evaluate radiographic technique and encourage provision of basic clinical information for diagnostic interpretation by radiologists and neonatologists. As well, structured, collaborative educational sessions between radiology and neonatology staff appear to be a successful and sustainable method to effect overall improvement. (author)
Hallam, Rena A.; Bargreen, Kaitlin N.; Ridgley, Robyn
This study is a secondary analysis of a statewide sample of licensed family child care providers in the Tennessee Child Care Evaluation and Report Card Program ("N"?=?1,145) that describes the general quality of family child care programs in the state and examines the relationships between provider education and global quality. Study…
Nakano, Anne; Johnsen, Søren Paaske; Frederiksen, Birgitte Lidegaard; Svendsen, Marie Louise Overgaard; Agger, Carsten; Schjødt, Inge; Egstrup, Kenneth
The treatment of heart failure (HF) is complex and the prognosis remains serious. A range of strategies is used across health care systems to improve the quality of care for HF patients. We present results from a nationwide multidisciplinary initiative to monitor and improve the quality of care and clinical outcome of HF patients using indicator monitoring combined with systematic auditing.
Nesbitt, Thomas S.; Marcin, James P.; Daschbach, Martha M.; Cole, Stacey L.
Rural health services are difficult to maintain because of low patient volumes, limited numbers of providers, and unfavorable economies of scale. Rural patients may perceive poor quality in local health care, directly impacting the sustainability of local health care services. This study examines perceptions of local health care quality in 7â€¦
Schnelle, John F.; Osterweil, Dan; Simmons, Sandra F.
Nursing home medical-record documentation of daily-care occurrence may be inaccurate, and information is not documented about important quality-of-life domains. The inadequacy of medical record data creates a barrier to improving care quality, because it supports an illusion of care consistent with regulations, which reduces the motivation and…
Oh, Jina; Cho, Haeryun; Kim, Yae Young; Park, Hyun Jung; Kim, Hyun Kyoung
"QUality Of care Through the patients' Eyes" (QUOTE) instruments for measuring care quality were classified in terms of procedures, structures, and content. The content and structures of each instrument were found to include (a) participation of the client in the tool development process, (b) evaluation of the importance and performance of care based on the client's needs, and PMID:26018567
Five pioneers had a huge impact on the quality movement in health care in the United States. Ernest Codman contributed in many ways, including his focus on outcome analysis. Avidis Donabedian is known for his focus on the 3 domains of structure, process, and outcome in health care. Walter Shewhart is known especially for the control chart and early work on what W. Edwards Deming made into the PDSA cycle. Deming is also known for other contributions, including his 14 points of management, correcting system problems rather than blaming the workers, and his System of Profound Knowledge. Juran is known for the Pareto principle and his emphasis on customer satisfaction and addressing the human, not just statistical side, of quality improvement. PMID:26147460
Full Text Available Abstract Background Chronic complications of diabetes can be reduced through optimal glycemic and lipid control as evaluated through measurement of glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C. We aimed to produce measures of quality of diabetes care in Saskatchewan and to identify sub-groups at particular risk of developing complications. Findings Prevalent adult cases of diabetes in 2005/06 were identified from administrative databases and linked with A1C and LDL-C tests measured in centralized laboratories. A1C results were performed in 33,927 of 50,713 (66.9% diabetes cases identified in Saskatchewan, and LDL-C results were performed in 12,031 of 24,207 (49.7% cases identified within the province's two largest health regions. The target A1C of Conclusions Linkage of laboratory with administrative data is an effective method of assessing quality of diabetes care on a population basis and to identify sub-groups requiring particular attention. We found that less than 50% of Saskatchewan people with diabetes achieved optimal glycemic and lipid control. Disparities were most evident among First Nations people and young women. The indicators described can be used to provide standardized information that would support quality improvement initiatives.
de Mul, Marleen; de Bont, Antoinette A; Reus, Nicolaas J; Lemij, Hans G; Berg, Marc
We evaluated a shared-care tele-ophthalmology service initiated by the Rotterdam Eye Hospital and 10 optometrists working in retail optician stores. The optometrists screened their clients with a nerve fibre analyser and the resulting images were then further assessed by trained technicians at the hospital. We analysed data from 1729 patients and measured several indicators of the quality of the work as well as its efficiency and effectiveness. The quality of the images was at least satisfactory in most cases (89%), and the agreement between the optometrists and the hospital about normal or suspect test results was high (81%). Only 27% of the patients were called for additional testing at the hospital department and 11% consulted an ophthalmologist. Eighty new cases of glaucoma were detected. The combination of task redesign and telemedicine accounted for the success of the screening service. Task redesign was needed to transfer screening from the hospital to primary care in a safe and responsible way. Telemedicine was crucial for assuring quality, facilitating information exchange and for coordination. PMID:15603630
Souza Luiz de; Almeida Maria; Lima Danilo DF; Bettiol Heloísa; Guimarães Alzira Maria DN; Ribeiro Eleonora RO; Silva Antônio; Gurgel Ricardo Q
Abstract Background The aim of prenatal care is to promote good maternal and foetal health and to identify risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes in an attempt to promptly manage and solve them. Although high prenatal care attendance is reported in most areas in Brazil, perinatal and neonatal mortalities are disproportionally high, raising doubts about the quality and performance of the care provided. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the adequacy of prenatal care use an...
Nørgaard, Birgitte; Kofoed, Poul-Erik; Ohm Kyvik, Kirsten; Ammentorp, Jette
offering professionals training in communicating with patients and colleagues. The outcome was measured by assessing patients' experience of quality of care. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire and analysed using a linear regression model. Approval was obtained from the Danish Data Protection......Scand J Caring Sci; 2012; Communication skills training for health care professionals improves the adult orthopaedic patient's experience of quality of care Rationale:? Despite the fact that communication has become a core topic in health care, patients still experience the information provided as...... insufficient or incorrect and a lack of involvement. Objective:? To investigate whether adult orthopaedic patients' evaluation of the quality of care had improved after a communication skills training course for healthcare professionals. Design and methods:? The study was designed as an intervention study...
NÃ¸rgaard, Birgitte; Kofoed, Poul-Erik; Ohm Kyvik, Kirsten; Ammentorp, Jette
Scand J Caring Sci; 2012; Communication skills training for health care professionals improves the adult orthopaedic patient's experience of quality of care Rationale:â€‚ Despite the fact that communication has become a core topic in health care, patients still experience the information provided as...... insufficient or incorrect and a lack of involvement. Objective:â€‚ To investigate whether adult orthopaedic patients' evaluation of the quality of care had improved after a communication skills training course for healthcare professionals. Design and methods:â€‚ The study was designed as an intervention study...... limitation. Response rates were comparable to those of other studies. Conclusion:â€‚ Patients show increased satisfaction with the quality of health care after professionals have attended a communication skills training course, even when implemented in an entire department. Practice implications:â€‚ We recommend...
AM Mosadegh Rad
Full Text Available Background: Total quality management (TQM is a managerial practice to improve the effectiveness, efficiency, flexibility, and competitiveness of a business as a whole. However, in practice, these TQM benefits are not easy to achieve. Despite its theoretical promise and the enthusiastic response to TQM, recent evidence suggests that attempts to implement it are often unsuccessful. Many of these TQM programmes have been cancelled, or are in the process of being cancelled, as a result of the negative impact on profits. Therefore, there is a pressing need for a clinical approach to establishing TQM. Method: The aim of this article is therefore: “To identify the strengths and weakness of TQM, the logical steps towards TQM, and to develop a model so that health care organizations aiming at using TQM to achieve excellence can follow through easily”. Based on the research questions proposed in this study, the research strategies of a literature review, a questionnaire survey, semi-structured interviews, and a participatory action research were adopted in this study. For determining the success and barriers of TQM in health care organizations, a questionnaire survey has done in 90 health acre organizations in Isfahan Province, which implement TQM. The results of this survey were used for introducing a new model of TQM. This model will be developed via a semi-structured interview with at minimum 10 health care and quality managers. Then, through a participatory action research, this model will be implemented in 3 sites. At this time, the questionnaire survey has done and the model is introduced. Therefore, developing the model and its implementation will be done later. Results: In this survey, the mean score of TQM success was 3.48±0.68 (medium from 5 credits. Implementation of TQM was very low, low, medium, high and very high successful respectively in 3.6, 10.9, 21.8, 56.4 and 7.3 percent of health care organizations. TQM had the most effect on process management and focus on employees and the less effect on focus on material resources, customers, and suppliers. The mean score of TQM implementation problems was 3.01±0.83 (medium on a 5 scale. TQM Barriers in health care organizations were strategic problems, performance appraisal problems, human resource problems, structural problems, process problems respectively. Based on these results a Model with 10 enablers and 3 results’ indicators is introduced. Enablers are factors that enable organization to reach excellent and results are the out comes of organization, which can be achieved through implementation of enablers. This model will be developed through semi structure interviews and implemented in 3 health care organizations for determining the efficacy and efficiency ( this two phases has not done. Discussion: Total quality management is a good strategy for improving the productivity of organizations. However, if some important principles are not considered in TQM models before its implementation, the overall strategy of a TQM initiative may fail.
Meltzer-Brody, Samantha; Jones, Ian
The perinatal period is a time of high risk for women with unipolar and bipolar mood disorders. We discuss treatment considerations for perinatal mood disorders, including unipolar and bipolar depression as well as postpartum psychosis. We further explore the unique issues faced by women and their families across the full trajectory of the perinatal period from preconception planning through pregnancy and following childbirth. Treatment of perinatal mood disorders requires a collaborative care approach between obstetrics practitioners and mental health providers, to ensure that a thoughtful risk : benefit analysis is conducted. It is vital to consider the risks of the underlying illness versus risks of medication exposure during pregnancy or lactation. When considering medication treatment, attention must be paid to prior medication trials that were most efficacious and best tolerated. Lastly, it is important to assess the impact of individual psychosocial stressors and lifestyle factors on treatment response. PMID:26246794
Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de eclampsia y su repercusión materna y perinatal en el Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología. Departamento Clínico Integral de la Costa. Universidad de Carabobo. Hospital “Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara” Puerto Cabello. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, longitudinal y analítico de 40 casos con diagnóstico de eclampsia en 31 532 nacimientos en un período de 10 años: 1998 - 2007. Resultados: La incidencia fue de 0,13 %, 1 caso por cada 788 nacimientos. Predominó el grupo etario de 10 - 19 años (52,5 %, concubinas 60 %, grado de instrucción primaria (60 %. Prevaleció el antecedente familiar de hipertensión en la madre (25 %, el antecedente personal de preeclampsia en embarazo anterior (12,5 %. Los principales signos y síntomas fueron: hiperreflexia (65 %, cefalea (50 %, escotomas y amaurosis (20 %. La primera convulsión se presentó ante-parto (75 %. Sin control de embarazo (55.%. Destacaron las I gestas (72,5 %, edad de embarazo 37-41 semanas (50 %, tipo de parto: cesárea (85.%. En los resultados perinatales prevaleció: neonatos deprimidos (52,5 %, peso neonatal entre 2.500-3.499 g (50 %, con morbilidad de 30,55 %, la mayoría debido a síndrome de dificultad respiratoria. La mortalidad fetal fue de 9,09 % y la mortalidad neonatal 9,09 %. Morbilidad materna fue de 53,84 %, asociada: síndrome Hellp (23,07 %, insuficiencia renal aguda (7,69 %, desprendimiento prematuro de placenta (7,69 %; hubo una muerte materna (2,5 %. Conclusión: Es importante que todas las mujeres embarazadas reciban atención médica continua y oportuna, lo cual permite el diagnóstico y tratamiento temprano de afecciones como la pre-eclampsia y eclampsia, esta última es una de las mayores emergencias obstétricas; esta revisión revela una vez más que contribuye decididamente a la morbi-mortalidad materna y perinatal. Implica una asistencia precoz e intensiva para disminuir sus repercusiones.Objective: To determine the incidence of eclampsia and maternal and perinatal impact en el Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecologia, Hospital “Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara”, Departamento Clínico Integral de la Costa, Universidad de Carabobo. Puerto Cabello. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective, longitudinal and analytical diagnosis of 40 cases in 31 532 births eclampsia over a period of 10 years from 1998 to 2007. Results: The incidence was 0.13 %, 1 case per 788 births. The predominant age group of 10 - 19 years (52.5 %, concubines 60 %, primary education level (60 %. The prevailing family history of hypertension in the mother (25 %, personal history of preeclampsia in previous pregnancy (12.5 %. The main signs and symptoms were hyperreflexia (65 %, headache (50 %, scotoma and amaurosis (20 %. The first seizure came before delivery (75 %. Without birth control (55 %. First gravity (72.5 %, gestational age 37-41 weeks (50 %, type of delivery: cesarean section (85 %. Prevailed in perinatal outcomes: depressed neonates (52.5 %, birth weight between 2 500-3 499 g (50 %, with morbidity of 30.55 %, mostly due to respiratory distress syndrome. Fetal mortality was 9.09 % and 9.09 % neonatal mortality. Maternal morbidity was 53.84 %, associated: HELLP syndrome (23.07 %, acute renal failure (7.69 %, abruption (7.69 % there was one maternal death (2.5 % . Conclusion: It is important that all pregnant women receive ongoing and timely medical care, allowing early diagnosis and treatment of conditions such as pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, the latter is a major obstetric emergencies, this review reveals once again that contributes decisively to the morbidity and maternal and perinatal mortality. It involves an early and intensive support to reduce their impact.
Marianela, Rivas; Pedro, Faneite; Guillermina, Salazar.
Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de eclampsia y su repercusión materna y perinatal en el Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología. Departamento Clínico Integral de la Costa. Universidad de Carabobo. Hospital “Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara” Puerto Cabello. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, lon [...] gitudinal y analítico de 40 casos con diagnóstico de eclampsia en 31 532 nacimientos en un período de 10 años: 1998 - 2007. Resultados: La incidencia fue de 0,13 %, 1 caso por cada 788 nacimientos. Predominó el grupo etario de 10 - 19 años (52,5 %), concubinas 60 %, grado de instrucción primaria (60 %). Prevaleció el antecedente familiar de hipertensión en la madre (25 %), el antecedente personal de preeclampsia en embarazo anterior (12,5 %). Los principales signos y síntomas fueron: hiperreflexia (65 %), cefalea (50 %), escotomas y amaurosis (20 %). La primera convulsión se presentó ante-parto (75 %). Sin control de embarazo (55.%). Destacaron las I gestas (72,5 %), edad de embarazo 37-41 semanas (50 %), tipo de parto: cesárea (85.%). En los resultados perinatales prevaleció: neonatos deprimidos (52,5 %), peso neonatal entre 2.500-3.499 g (50 %), con morbilidad de 30,55 %, la mayoría debido a síndrome de dificultad respiratoria. La mortalidad fetal fue de 9,09 % y la mortalidad neonatal 9,09 %. Morbilidad materna fue de 53,84 %, asociada: síndrome Hellp (23,07 %), insuficiencia renal aguda (7,69 %), desprendimiento prematuro de placenta (7,69 %); hubo una muerte materna (2,5 %). Conclusión: Es importante que todas las mujeres embarazadas reciban atención médica continua y oportuna, lo cual permite el diagnóstico y tratamiento temprano de afecciones como la pre-eclampsia y eclampsia, esta última es una de las mayores emergencias obstétricas; esta revisión revela una vez más que contribuye decididamente a la morbi-mortalidad materna y perinatal. Implica una asistencia precoz e intensiva para disminuir sus repercusiones. Abstract in english Objective: To determine the incidence of eclampsia and maternal and perinatal impact en el Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecologia, Hospital “Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara”, Departamento Clínico Integral de la Costa, Universidad de Carabobo. Puerto Cabello. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective, longitud [...] inal and analytical diagnosis of 40 cases in 31 532 births eclampsia over a period of 10 years from 1998 to 2007. Results: The incidence was 0.13 %, 1 case per 788 births. The predominant age group of 10 - 19 years (52.5 %), concubines 60 %, primary education level (60 %). The prevailing family history of hypertension in the mother (25 %), personal history of preeclampsia in previous pregnancy (12.5 %). The main signs and symptoms were hyperreflexia (65 %), headache (50 %), scotoma and amaurosis (20 %). The first seizure came before delivery (75 %). Without birth control (55 %). First gravity (72.5 %), gestational age 37-41 weeks (50 %), type of delivery: cesarean section (85 %). Prevailed in perinatal outcomes: depressed neonates (52.5 %), birth weight between 2 500-3 499 g (50 %), with morbidity of 30.55 %, mostly due to respiratory distress syndrome. Fetal mortality was 9.09 % and 9.09 % neonatal mortality. Maternal morbidity was 53.84 %, associated: HELLP syndrome (23.07 %), acute renal failure (7.69 %), abruption (7.69 %) there was one maternal death (2.5 % ). Conclusion: It is important that all pregnant women receive ongoing and timely medical care, allowing early diagnosis and treatment of conditions such as pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, the latter is a major obstetric emergencies, this review reveals once again that contributes decisively to the morbidity and maternal and perinatal mortality. It involves an early and intensive support to reduce their impact.
Full Text Available Abstract Background A variety of approaches have been used to contain escalating hospital costs. One approach is intensifying price competition. The increase in price based competition, which changes the incentives hospitals face, coupled with the fact that consumers can more easily evaluate the quality of hotel services compared with the quality of clinical care, may lead hospitals to allocate more resources into hotel rather than clinical services. Methods To test this hypothesis we studied hospitals in California in 1982 and 1989, comparing resource allocations prior to and following selective contracting, a period during which the focus of competition changed from quality to price. We estimated the relationship between clinical outcomes, measured as risk-adjusted-mortality rates, and resources. Results In 1989, higher competition was associated with lower clinical expenditures levels compared with 1982. The trend was stronger for non-profit hospitals. Lower clinical resource use was associated with worse risk adjusted mortality outcomes. Conclusions This study raises concerns that cost reductions may be associated with increased mortality.
James X Zhang
Full Text Available Diabetes is a leading cause of mortality, morbidity and disability around the globe. In the past two decades, diabetes care has grown more complex as patients have received multi-component care. Recent studies have illumined the complexity of drug therapy in patients with diabetes. A high level of drug utilization in diabetes patients has serious implications for quality of care, in terms of coordination of care, drug safety and access to care. Practitioners, researchers, payers and policy makers should be aware of these implications and incorporate the complexity of diabetes care into practice guidelines, benefit design and policy formulation to improve the quality of care.
Gignon, Maxime; Verheye, Jean-Charles; Manaouil, CÃ©cile; Ammirati, Christine; Turban-Castel, Emmanuelle; Ganry, Olivier
Violence against health care workers impairs the quality of care. In one university medical center in France, 46% of the health care workers were physically assaulted at some point in the previous 12 months and 79% were verbally insulted. This article describes a participatory approach that was used to ensure health care workers take an active role in designing and implementing anti-violence measures. In each unit, a working group of health care professionals and managers developed an action plan for reducing violence-generating practices. This proactive approach is a powerful tool for motivating health care professionals to improve quality of care. PMID:24971816
Full Text Available Background/Aim. Managing of acute postoperative pain should be of great interest for all hospital institutions, as one of the key components of patients satisfaction, which indicates quality, as well as the outcome of treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of nursing care in managing acute postoperative pain and to establish factors which influence patients assessment of the same. Method. The investigation was conducted on the sample of 135 patients hospitalized in surgical clinics of the Clinical Centre of Vojvodina in Novi Sad in the form of cross-sectional study, by interviewing patients during the second postoperative day and collecting sociodemographic variables, type of surgical procedure and applied analgesic therapy which were taken from their medical documentation. The modified questionnaire of the Strategic and Clinical Quality Indicators in Postoperative Pain Management (SCQIPP was used as the instrument of the investigation. The data were processed with suitable mathematical statistics methods such as multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVA, discriminative and other parametric procedures and methods. Roy's test, Pearson's coefficient contingency (?, multiple correlation coefficient (R were conducted amongst other invariant procedures. Results. The mean score for the individual items of SCQIPP questionnaire was between 2.0 and 4.7 (scale range 1-5 and the percentage of patients answers 'strongly agree' ranged from 4.4 to 77%. The smallest number of positive answers were given by the patients for the item 'In order to assess pain intensity, some of the staff asked me at least once in the morning, in the afternoon and in the evening to show the number from 0-10'. Most of the patients (57% evaluated severe pain during the previous 24 hours, as moderate pain, which represents significantly greater number of patients which complain of severe pain and mild pain (p < 0.001. The analysis of patients evaluation (MANOVA p < 0.05 and discriminative p < 0.05 indicates the existence of significant difference between the assessment of nursing care quality in managing acute postoperative pain as regards to clinics as the place for pain management, patient's sex and his expectations. Evaluation from 'communication' subscale gives the greatest contribution (24.9% to the difference between the observed clinics, and the greatest contribution (25.7% to the difference in evaluation of nursing care quality as regards to patients' sex has the evaluations from 'procedure' subscale. Conclusion. The results of this study show a useful evidence and identify aspects of nursing care in postoperative management of acute pain which are still to be improved. According to the patients' answers the priority should be given to a regular assessment of the intensity of postoperative pain and evaluation of the effects of analgesic therapy.
Farr, Sherry L; Ko, Jean Y; Burley, Kim; Gupta, Seema
Women's lack of knowledge on symptoms of perinatal depression and treatment resources is a barrier to receiving care. We sought to estimate the prevalence and predictors of discussing depression with a prenatal care provider. We used the 2011 population-based data from 24 sites participating in the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (n?=?32,827 women with recent live births) to examine associations between maternal characteristics and report that a prenatal care provider discussed with her what to do if feeling depressed during or after pregnancy. Overall, 71.9 % of women reported discussing perinatal depression with their prenatal care provider (range 60.7 % in New York City to 85.6 % in Maine). Women were more likely to report a discussion on perinatal depression with their provider if they they were 18-29years of age than over 35 years of age compared to older (adjusted prevalence ratio [aPR] 18 to 19 y?=?1.08, 20 to 24 y?=?1.10, 25 to 29 y?=?1.09), unmarried (aPR?=?1.07) compared to married, had 12 years, and had no previous live births (aPR?=?1.03) compared to ?1 live births. Research is needed on effective ways to educate women about perinatal depression and whether increased knowledge on perinatal depression results in higher rates of treatment and shorter duration of symptoms. PMID:25578631
Soljak Michael; Eldred Darren; Car Josip; Saxena Sonia; Majeed Azeem
Abstract Background Reports of higher quality care by higher-volume secondary care providers have fuelled a shift of services from smaller provider units to larger hospitals and units. In the United Kingdom, most patients are managed in primary care. Hence if larger practices provide better quality of care; this would have important implications for the future organization of primary care services. We examined the association between quality of primary care for cardiovascular disease achieved...
Denton, Margaret; Brookman, Catherine; Zeytinoglu, Isik; Plenderleith, Jennifer; Barken, Rachel
Growing healthcare costs have caused home-care providers to look for more efficient use of healthcare resources. Task shifting is suggested as a strategy to reduce the costs of delivering home-care services. Task shifting refers to the delegation or transfer of tasks from regulated healthcare professionals to home-care workers (HCWs). The purpose of this paper is to explore the impacts of task shifting on the quality of care provided to older adults from the perspectives of home healthcare workers. This qualitative study was completed in collaboration with a large home and community care organisation in Ontario, Canada, in 2010-2011. Using a purposive sampling strategy, semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 46 home healthcare workers including HCWs, home-care worker supervisors, nurses and therapists. Study participants reported that the most common skills transferred or delegated to HCWs were transfers, simple wound care, exercises, catheterisation, colostomies, compression stockings, G-tube feeding and continence care. A thematic analysis of the data revealed mixed opinions on the impacts of task shifting on the quality of care. HCWs and their supervisors, more often than nurses and therapists, felt that task shifting improved the quality of care through the provision of more consistent care; the development of trust-based relationships with clients; and because task shifting reduced the number of care providers entering the client's home. Nurses followed by therapists, as well as some supervisors and HCWs, expressed concerns that task shifting might compromise the quality of care because HCWs lacked the knowledge, training and education necessary for more complex tasks, and that scheduling problems might leave clients with inconsistent care once tasks are delegated or transferred. Policy implications for regulating bodies, employers, unions and educators are discussed. PMID:25471361
Kwast, B E
As 200 million women become pregnant every year, at least 30 million will develop life-threatening complications requiring emergency treatment at any level of society where they live. But it is a basic human right that pregnancy be made safe for all women as complications are mostly unpredictable. This requires reproductive health programmes which are responsive to women's and their families' needs and expectations on the one hand and enhancement of community participation, high quality obstetric services, and both provider collaboration and satisfaction on the other. Monitoring and evaluation of these facets need to be an integral part of any safe motherhood programme, not only to assess progress, but also to use this information for subsequent planning and implementation cycles of national programmes. Lessons learned from ten years' implementation of Safe Motherhood programmes indicate that process and outcome indicators are more feasible for short-term evaluation purposes than impact indicators, such as maternal mortality reduction. The former are described in this paper with relevant country examples. This is the third, and last, article in a series on quality of care in reproductive health programmes. The first (Kwast 1998a) contains an overview of concepts, assessments, barriers and improvements of quality of care. The second (Kwast 1998b) addresses education issues for quality improvement. PMID:10076314
Oklahoma State Dept. of Human Services, Oklahoma City. Office of Child Care.
This booklet for Oklahoma parents provides guidelines for selecting a child care setting that best suits the child, the family, and the work situation. It delineates 13 steps in choosing a child care arrangement and lists child care options such as centers, family day care homes, and in-home care arrangements. The role of state licensing is…
Johanna E., Eygelaar; Ethelwynn L., Stellenberg.
Full Text Available Currently barriers exist in delivering quality health care. This study aimed to investigate such barriers in the eight rural district hospitals of the West Coast Winelands Region, three type A and five type B hospitals. A quantitative descriptive design was applied which included the total populatio [...] n of nursing staff (n = 340) working at the time of data collection. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed with a response rate of 82%. Reliability of the instrument was verified using the Cronbach alpha coefficient and a pilot study. The validity, specifically construct and content validity, were assured by means of an extensive literature review, pilot study and use of experts. Ethics approval was obtained from the relevant stakeholders. Results showed that 272 participants (97%) disagreed that provision of staff was adequate, with staff above 40 years of age more likely to disagree (p =
Rosenstock, Steffen J; MÃ¸ller, Morten H; Larsson, Heidi Jeanet; Johnsen, SÃ¸ren Paaske; Madsen, Anders Husted; Bendix, JÃ¸rgen; Adamsen, Sven; Jensen, Anders G.; Zimmermann-Nielsen, Erik; Nielsen, Ann-Sophie; Kallehave, Finn; Oxholm, Dorthe; Skarbye, Mona; JÃ¸lving, Line R; JÃ¸rgensen, Henrik S; Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Ove B.; Thomsen, Reimar W.
nonsignificantly over time (adjusted RR 0.89 (0.78-1.00)).CONCLUSIONS:QOC in PUB has improved substantially in Denmark, but the 30-day mortality remains high. Future initiatives to improve outcomes may include earlier endoscopy, having fully trained endoscopists on call, and increased focus on managing coexisting......OBJECTIVES:The treatment of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) is complex, and mortality remains high. We present results from a nationwide initiative to monitor and improve the quality of care (QOC) in PUB.METHODS:All Danish hospitals treating PUB patients between 2004 and 2011 prospectively registered...... demographic, clinical, and prognostic data. QOC was evaluated using eight process and outcome indicators, including time to initial endoscopy, hemostasis obtainment, proportion undergoing surgery, rebleeding risks, and 30-day mortality.RESULTS:A total of 13,498 PUB patients (median age 74 years) were included...
Fatima, P; Ishrat, S; Rahman, D; Banu, J; Deeba, F; Begum, N; Anwary, S A; Hossain, H B
Infertility is an important health issue which has been neglected in the developing countries. First test-tube babies (triplet) in Bangladesh were born on 30th May, 2001. Although there is no tertiary level infertility center in the public sector, several private centers have come up with the facilities. The objective of the study was to find i) the quality and quantity of infertility care in Bangladesh and ii) the cause of infertility in the attending patients iii) the treatment seeking behaviors iv) and the reasons for not taking treatment among the attending patients. There are now 10 tertiary level Infertility centers in Bangladesh. The information was collected in a preformed datasheet about the facilities and the profile of the patients and the treatment seeking behavior of the attending patients. Out of the ten centers two centers refused to respond and did not disclose their data. Around 16700 new patients are enrolled in a year in the responsive clinics. Five percent (5%) of the patients underwent ART, 7% of the patients gave only one visit, 84% of the patients completed their evaluation, 76% of the patients took treatment. Causes of infertility in the patients taking treatment were male factor in 36.4%, bilateral tubal block in 20.2%, PCOS and anovulation in 31.7%, endometriosis in 19.6%, unexplained in 10.95, combined in 3.5%, ovarian failure in 1.4%, testicular failure in 0.33%, congenital anomaly in 0.3%. The main reason for not taking treatment was financial constrainment. The quality and quantity of infertility care is dependent on the available resources and on the use of the resources by the patients. In developing countries the resources are merging and confined to specified areas which cannot meet the demand of their population. The study gives us the idea of the need and the demand of the services in the country. PMID:25725670
Johnson, S N
Substandard care is reported to occur in a large number of cases of major obstetric haemorrhage (MOH). A prospective audit was carried out by a multidisciplinary team at our hospital over a one year period to assess the quality of care (QOC) delivered to women experiencing MOH. MOH was defined according to criteria outlined in the Scottish Audit of Maternal Morbidity (SAMM). 31 cases were identified yielding an incidence of 3.5\\/1000 deliveries. The predominant causes were uterine atony 11 (35.4%), retained products of conception 6 (19.3%) and placenta praevia\\/accreta 6 (19.3%). Excellent initial resuscitation and monitoring was noted with a high level of senior staff input. Indicators of QOC compared favourably with the SAMM. Areas for improvement were identified. This pilot study demonstrates the feasibility of detailed prospective data collection in MOH in a busy Dublin obstetric unit with a view to developing a national audit. Standardization of definitions allows for international comparisons.
Guseva, N K; Sokolov, V A; Sokolova, I A; Doiutova, M V
The article deals with the results of the study of complex of medical demographic and social economic indicators of Nizhny Novgorod oblast during 1989-2010. The results are as follows. The policlinics' net reduced by 2.25 times, including by 10.6 times in rural area and by 12.6 times of ambulatories of community hospitals. The indicators of physicians' supply of oblast population decreased too especially in urban area. The annual number of visits to physicians per capita decreased by 1.36 times. The number of calls of out-patients to physicians of emergency medical care increased by 1.5 times. The morbidity with temporarily disability and primary registration as a disabled person decreased by 1.45 times, including able-bodied citizen by 1.54 times. In Nizhny Novgorod oblast, the rate of decrease of indicators of primary disability during 2006-2009 overpassed the corresponding federal indicators by 1.45 times. The population mortality increased by 1.43 times. The accessibility and quality of ambulatory polyclinic care significantly impacts on the levels of mortality and social security of population and can be used as an indicator of social risks in the region. PMID:23808035
Shahnaz Hoque; Monjurul Hoque
Background: Detection and management of high-risk pregnancies, all the way through antenatal care, have been advocated as a high-quality mean of reducing maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality.
Objectives: This study reviewed the demographic variables, pregnancy and obstetric complications and perinatal outcomes for the years 1999 and 2004 in a rural hospital in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa, with the aim of eval...
McSherry R; Pearce P
Robert McSherry,1 Paddy Pearce2 1School of Health and Social Care, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, 2PKP Consulting, Yarm, United Kingdom Abstract: The presence and/or absence of effective leaders in health care can have a stark consequence on the quality and outcomes of care. The delivery of safe, quality, compassionate health care is dependent on having effective clinical leaders at the frontline. In light of the Kirkup and Francis reports, this article explores some ways of translat...
Mayberry, Robert M; Nicewander, David A; Qin, Huanying; Ballard, David J
The health care quality chasm is better described as a gulf for certain segments of the population, such as racial and ethnic minority groups, given the gap between actual care received and ideal or best care quality. The landmark Institute of Medicine report Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century challenges all health care organizations to pursue six major aims of health care improvement: safety, timeliness, effectiveness, efficiency, equity, and patient-centeredness. "Equity" aims to ensure that quality care is available to all and that the quality of care provided does not differ by race, ethnicity, or other personal characteristics unrelated to a patient's reason for seeking care. Baylor Health Care System is in the unique position of being able to examine the current state of equity in a typical health care delivery system and to lead the way in health equity research. Its organizational vision, "culture of quality," and involved leadership bode well for achieving equitable best care. However, inequities in access, use, and outcomes of health care must be scrutinized; the moral, ethical, and economic issues they raise and the critical injustice they create must be remedied if this goal is to be achieved. Eliminating any observed inequities in health care must be synergistically integrated with quality improvement. Quality performance indicators currently collected and evaluated indicate that Baylor Health Care System often performs better than the national average. However, there are significant variations in care by age, gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status that indicate the many remaining challenges in achieving "best care" for all. PMID:19181022
Eccles Martin P; Goh Teik T; Steen Nick
Abstract Background Quality of care in general practice may be affected by the team climate perceived by its health and non-health professionals. Better team working is thought to lead to higher effectiveness and quality of care. However, there is limited evidence available on what affects team functioning and its relationship with quality of care in general practice. This study aimed to explore individual and practice factors that were associated with team climate, and to explore the relatio...
Restuccia Joseph D; Cohen Alan B; Horwitt Jedediah N; Shwartz Michael
Abstract Background Recently, there has been considerable effort to promote the use of health information technology (HIT) in order to improve health care quality. However, relatively little is known about the extent to which HIT implementation is associated with hospital patient care quality. We undertook this study to determine the association of various HITs with: hospital quality improvement (QI) practices and strategies; adherence to process of care measures; risk-adjusted inpatient mort...
Poghosyan, Lusine; Clarke, Sean P.; Finlayson, Mary; Aiken, Linda H.
We explored the relationship between nurse burnout and ratings of quality of care in 53,846 nurses from six countries. In this secondary analysis, we used data from the International Hospital Outcomes Study; data were collected from1998 to 2005. The Maslach Burnout Inventory and a single-item reflecting nurse-rated quality of care were used inmultiple logistic regression modeling to investigate the association between nurse burnout and nurse-rated quality of care. Across countries, higher lev...
Le Rouge, Cynthia; De Leo, Gianluca
We explore and compare the importance of various quality dimensions for health care and e-commerce web sites. The results show that the importance of various quality attributes for all except four of ten quality dimensions studied differ between health care and e-commerce web sites. These results can help health care managers to improve and/or to guide the design of their web sites. PMID:18998907
Marcus, M; Spolsky, V
This is a survey of various concepts of quality of care in the health care field and their application to periodontics. Definitions of quality care, measuring and improving quality, third party payment and quality of care, and the role of periodontists in managing quality are presented. The definitions of quality care include the following dimensions: access, appropriateness, technical quality, and the art of care. Examples of each of these dimensions are presented, and their implications for quality assessment are discussed. Emphasis is placed on appropriateness of care and the strengths and weaknesses of mechanisms for deriving evidence-based decision making. The use of randomized clinical trials (RCT), employing expert opinion such as consensus panels, and meta-analysis are discussed as they apply to appropriateness of periodontal treatment. Work in the area of technical quality of care (i.e., the third dimension of quality care) has resulted in the development of quality assurance guidelines. Examples of guidelines and practice parameters such as those developed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and by various dental specialties are presented. The fourth dimension of quality deals with the art of care. It focuses on the patient's participation in the process of care and the input of the provider in this interaction. The description of outcomes of care includes the concept of measuring clinical outcomes of treatment as well as efforts to measure the health and well-being of a patient. It deals with quality of life measures. Patient satisfaction is another outcome that is presented. Examples of these aspects of quality measurement are discussed. These concepts and measures are presented within the context of a quality assurance program. The steps used to assess and assure quality are outlined. Examples of provider and patient profiles are presented, along with a discussion on how they are used in a quality assurance system. Lastly, the role of the periodontist in quality of care is presented, emphasizing the efforts that have already been made as well as the leadership role that the periodontist has in influencing the profession of dentistry. The advent of managed care and its implications for the quality of periodontal treatment and patient management are discussed using situations obtained from dental plans. PMID:9526923
Shaughnessy, P W; Schlenker, R E; Kramer, A M
By 1989, more than 1,100 hospitals in rural communities throughout the United States were using hospital beds as swing beds to provide both long-term and acute care. In this study, the quality of long-term care in swing-bed hospitals was compared with the quality of nursing home care, using patient outcomes along with both process and structural measures of quality. Several methodological and conceptual points on measuring and analyzing the quality of long-term care are discussed in this arti...
Lengnick-Hall, C A
Health care enterprises make comprehensive and durable changes in people. This human-centered purpose defines the fundamental nature of quality in health care settings. Traditional perspectives of quality and familiar views of customer satisfaction are inadequate to manage the complex relationships between the health care delivery firm and its patients. Patients play four roles in health care systems that must be reflected when defining and measuring quality in these settings: patient as supplier, patient as product, patient as participant, and patient as recipient. This article presents a conceptual model of quality that incorporates these diverse patient roles. The strategic and managerial implications of the model are also discussed. PMID:10140872
Phillips, Robert L.; Han, Meiying; Petterson, Stephen M.; Makaroff, Laura A.; Liaw, Winston R.
PURPOSE In 2006, Illinois established Illinois Health Connect (IHC), a primary care case management program for Medicaid that offered enhanced fee-for-service, capitation payments, performance incentives, and practice support. Illinois also implemented a complementary disease management program, Your Healthcare Plus (YHP). This external evaluation explored outcomes associated with these programs. METHODS We analyzed Medicaid claims and enrollment data from 2004 to 2010, covering both pre- and post-implementation. The base year was 2006, and 2006–2010 eligibility criteria were applied to 2004–2005 data to allow comparison. We studied costs and utilization trends, overall and by service and setting. We studied quality by incorporating Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measures and IHC performance payment criteria. RESULTS Illinois Medicaid expanded considerably between 2006 (2,095,699 full-year equivalents) and 2010 (2,692,123). Annual savings were 6.5% for IHC and 8.6% for YHP by the fourth year, with cumulative Medicaid savings of $1.46 billion. Per-beneficiary annual costs fell in Illinois over this period compared to those in states with similar Medicaid programs. Quality improved for nearly all metrics under IHC, and most prevention measures more than doubled in frequency. Medicaid inpatient costs fell by 30.3%, and outpatient costs rose by 24.9% to 45.7% across programs. Avoidable hospitalizations fell by 16.8% for YHP, and bed-days fell by 15.6% for IHC. Emergency department visits declined by 5% by 2010. CONCLUSIONS The Illinois Medicaid IHC and YHP programs were associated with substantial savings, reductions in inpatient and emergency care, and improvements in quality measures. This experience is not typical of other states implementing some, but not all, of these same policies. Although specific features of the Illinois reforms may have accounted for its better outcomes, the limited evaluation design calls for caution in making causal inferences. PMID:25354404
Jones, Linda F.; Coleman, John R.
This paper describes how a computerized MIS is used to assist HMO management to conduct utilization and quality of care review activities in a prepaid medical care network. The HMO is a ‘network’ HMO consisting of 5 medical groups, 4 hospitals and a number of other community health organizations. The network currently provides prepaid medical care for approximately 5,000 members. The MIS generates a number of special reports that are used by HMO administration, the HMO medical director and th...
Lemay, Lise; Bigras, Nathalie; Bouchard, Caroline
The objective of this study was to examine how quantity, type, and quality of care interact in predicting externalizing and internalizing behaviors of 36-month-old children attending Quebec's educational child care from their first years of life. To do so, the authors examined two hypothesized models: (1) a mediation model where quantity, type,…
The process of radiotherapy (RT) is complex and involves understanding of the principles of medical physics, radiobiology, radiation safety, dosimetry, radiation treatment planning, simulation and interaction of radiation with other treatment modalities. Each step in the integrated process of RT needs quality control and quality assurance (QA) to prevent errors and to give high confidence that patients will receive the prescribed treatment correctly. Recent advances in RT, including intensity-modulated and image-guided RT, focus on the need for a systematic RTQA program that balances patient safety and quality with available resources. It is necessary to develop more formal error mitigation and process analysis methods, such as failure mode and effect analysis, to focus available QA resources optimally on process components. External audit programs are also effective. The International Atomic Energy Agency has operated both an on-site and off-site postal dosimetry audit to improve practice and to assure the dose from RT equipment. Several countries have adopted a similar approach for national clinical auditing. In addition, clinical trial QA has a significant role in enhancing the quality of care. The Advanced Technology Consortium has pioneered the development of an infrastructure and QA method for advanced technology clinical trials, including credentialing and individual case review. These activities have an impact not only on the treatment received by patients enrolled in clinical trials, but also on the quality of treatment administered to all patients treated in each institution, and have been adopted globally; by the USA, Europe and Japan also. PMID:18952706
The process of radiotherapy (RT) is complex and involves understanding of the principles of medical physics, radiobiology, radiation safety, dosimetry, radiation treatment planning, simulation and interaction of radiation with other treatment modalities. Each step in the integrated process of RT needs quality control and quality assurance (QA) to prevent errors and to give high confidence that patients will receive the prescribed treatment correctly. Recent advances in RT, including intensity-modulated and image-guided RT, focus on the need for a systematic RTQA program that balances patient safety and quality with available resources. It is necessary to develop more formal error mitigation and process analysis methods, such as failure mode and effect analysis, to focus available QA resources optimally on process components. External audit programs are also effective. The International Atomic Energy Agency has operated both an on-site and off-site postal dosimetry audit to improve practice and to assure the dose from RT equipment. Several countries have adopted a similar approach for national clinical auditing. In addition, clinical trial QA has a significant role in enhancing the quality of care. The Advanced Technology Consortium has pioneered the development of an infrastructure and QA method for advanced technology clinical trials, including credentialing and individual case review. These activities have an impact not only on the treatment received by patients enrolled in clinical trials, but also on the quality of treatment administered to all patients treated in each institution, and have been adopted globally; by the USA, Europe and Japan also. (author)
Zhang, James X
Diabetes is a leading cause of mortality, morbidity and disability around the globe. In the past two decades, diabetes care has grown more complex as patients have received multi-component care. Recent studies have illumined the complexity of drug therapy in patients with diabetes. A high level of drug utilization in diabetes patients has serious implications for quality of care, in terms of coordination of care, drug safety and access to care. Practitioners, researchers, payers and policy ma...
...meaningful for Exchange consumers and...transparency efforts that states and private entities use to display health care quality information? 12. What types...quality data in an Exchange? What suggested...strategies that states are...
... Events Newsroom Research Activities April 2013, No. 392 Quality of care is similar for safety-net and ... Data Usersâ€™ Workshop Research Briefs Patient Safety and Quality Safety-net hospitals are institutions typically located in ...
Rao, Mala; Clarke, Aileen; Sanderson, Colin; Hammersley, Richard
Objective To investigate the relation between older patients' assessments of the quality of their primary care and measures of good clinical practice on the basis of data from administrative and clinical records.
Kappelman, Michael D; Palmer, Lena; Boyle, Brendan M; Rubin, David T
The Institute of Medicine's publications To Err Is Human and Crossing the Quality Chasm publicized the widespread deficits in U.S. health care quality. Emerging studies continue to reveal deficits in the quality of adult and pediatric care, including subspecialty care. The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis require diligent, long-term management and attention to their impact on intestinal and extraintestinal organ systems. Although the quality of IBD care has not been prospectively or comprehensively evaluated in the United States, several small studies have demonstrated significant variation in care. As variation may indicate underuse, overuse, or misuse of medical services, such variation suggests a clear need for translating evidence-based practices into the actual practice and follow-up provided for patients. This article reviews the history, rationale, and methods of quality measurement and improvement and identifies the unique challenges in adapting these general strategies to the care of the inflammatory bowel diseases. PMID:19572335
Full Text Available BACKGROUND : The human placenta, a transient organ or pregnancy provides information about fetal well - being and pregnancy outcome . AIMS: To study the placental ultrasound characters in relation to perinatal outcomes . SETTINGS: Tertiary care hospital in southern India . METHODS AND MATERIAL S: The study sample comprised 500 consecutive women who presented to the Depart ment of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the King George Hospital who met the inclusion criteria. Ultrasonographic study was performed using a transabdominal 3.5 MHz volume transducer. Post natally the weight of the baby and of the placenta was recorded. Perina tal outcome was assessed by birth weight, APGAR score and the need for admission in neonatal intensive care unit. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS : Pearson’s correlation analysis and Chi square test was used. Statistical significance was considered at a p value <0.05 . RESULTS: The mean placental thickness was 3.10 cm; 76% (n:380 had normal thickness. Mean placental diameter was 21.306 cm, and its weight varied from 310 women 62% (n:310. Correlation of placental thickness (normal and abnormal, with birth weight, the difference was significant ( <0.001. CONCLUSION: Ultrasound forms a readily available, fairly safe, effective non - invasive method to identify and prevent fetal malnutrition in a cost - effective way.
In 2008, the World Health Organization indicated Portugal as an example to follow in reducing perinatal, neonatal and infant mortalities. The success achieved over the last five decades is a source of pride for the perinatology professionals today. Of paramount importance was the program “Child and Maternal Hospital Healthcare Referral Network”, to start in 1990 and to be fulfilled in a decade. The key point made in the document was the classification of hospitals in health care levels with d...
Pincus, Harold Alan; Page, Ann E K; Druss, Benjamin; Appelbaum, Paul S; Gottlieb, Gary; England, Mary Jane
In 2001, a seminal Institute of Medicine report, Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century, put forth a comprehensive strategy for improving the quality of U.S. health care. This strategy attained considerable traction within the overall U.S. health care system and subsequent attention in the mental health community as well. A new Institute of Medicine report, Improving the Quality of Health Care for Mental and Substance Use Conditions, examines the quality chasm strategy in light of the distinctive features of mental and substance use health care, including concerns about patient decision-making abilities and coercion into care, a less developed quality measurement and improvement infrastructure, lagging use of information technology and participation in the development of the National Health Information Infrastructure, greater separations in care delivery accompanied by more restrictions on sharing clinical information, a larger number of provider types licensed to diagnose and treat, more solo practice, and a differently structured marketplace. This article summarizes the Institute of Medicine's analysis of these issues and recommendations for improving mental and substance use health care and discusses the implications for psychiatric practice and related advocacy efforts of psychiatrists, psychiatric organizations, and other leaders in mental and substance use health care. PMID:17475728
Badawi, Dalia; Saleh, Shadi; Natafgi, Nabil; Mourad, Yara; Behbehani, Kazem
Diabetes Mellitus is one of the major public health challenges, affecting more than 347 million adults worldwide. The impact of diabetes necessitates assessing the quality of care received by people with diabetes, especially in countries with a significant diabetes burden such as Kuwait. This paper aimed at piloting an approach for measuring Type II diabetes care performance through the use of a diabetes quality indicator set (DQIS) in primary health care. The DQIS for Kuwait was adapted from that developed by the National Diabetes Quality Improvement Alliance and the International Diabetes Federation. Five key care domains/measures were employed: (1) Blood glucose level measurement, (2) Cholesterol level measurement, (3) Blood pressure measurement, (4) Kidney function testing and (5) Smoking status check. The sample included the four major primary health care centers with the highest case load in Kuwait City, 4,241 patients in 2012 and 3,211 in 2010. Findings revealed the applicability and utility of employing performance indicators for diabetes care in Kuwait. Furthermore, findings revealed that many of the primary health care centers have achieved noteworthy improvement in diabetes care between 2010 and 2012, with the exception of smoking status check. The DQIS can help policymakers identify performance gaps and investigate key system roadblocks related to diabetes care in Kuwait. PMID:26176691
Developing a Patient Care Co-ordination Centre in Trafford, England: lessons from the International Foundation for Integrated Care (IFIC/Advancing Quality Alliance integrated care fellowship experience
Full Text Available The NHS and Social Care in England are facing one of the biggest financial challenges for a generation. Commissioners and providers need to work on collaborative schemes to manage the increasing demand on health and social care within a period of financial constraint. Different forms of care co-ordination have been developed at different levels across the world.In the north-west of England, the Trafford health and social care economy have been working through a competitive dialogue process with industry to develop an innovative and dynamic solution to deliver seamless co-ordination for all patients and service users. The strategy is to develop a new Patient Care Co-ordination Centre, which will be responsible for the delivery of co-ordinated, quality care. The Patient Care Co-ordination Centre will work at clinical, service, functional and community levels across multiple providers covering risk stratification, preventative, elective and unscheduled care.I am the clinical lead for the Patient Care Co-ordination Centre and during my year as an Advancing Quality Alliance Integrated Care Fellow, I have had the opportunity to study examples of care coordination from UK and international sites. The learning from these visits has been assimilated into the design process of the Patient Care Co-ordination Centre.
Developing a Patient Care Co-ordination Centre in Trafford, England: lessons from the International Foundation for Integrated Care (IFIC)/Advancing Quality Alliance integrated care fellowship experience.
The NHS and Social Care in England are facing one of the biggest financial challenges for a generation. Commissioners and providers need to work on collaborative schemes to manage the increasing demand on health and social care within a period of financial constraint. Different forms of care co-ordination have been developed at different levels across the world. In the north-west of England, the Trafford health and social care economy have been working through a competitive dialogue process with industry to develop an innovative and dynamic solution to deliver seamless co-ordination for all patients and service users. The strategy is to develop a new Patient Care Co-ordination Centre, which will be responsible for the delivery of co-ordinated, quality care. The Patient Care Co-ordination Centre will work at clinical, service, functional and community levels across multiple providers covering risk stratification, preventative, elective and unscheduled care. I am the clinical lead for the Patient Care Co-ordination Centre and during my year as an Advancing Quality Alliance Integrated Care Fellow, I have had the opportunity to study examples of care coordination from UK and international sites. The learning from these visits has been assimilated into the design process of the Patient Care Co-ordination Centre. PMID:26034468
Streit, Sven; da Costa, Bruno R; Bauer, Douglas C.; Collet, Tinh-Hai; Weiler, Stefan; Zimmerli, Lukas; Frey, Peter; Cornuz, Jacques; Gaspoz, Jean-Michel; Battegay, Edouard; Kerr, Eve; Aujesky, Drahomir; Rodondi, Nicolas
Caring for patients with multimorbidity is common for generalists, although such patients are often excluded from clinical trials, and thus such trials lack of generalizability. Data on the association between multimorbidity and preventive care are limited. We aimed to assess whether comorbidity number, severity and type were associated with preventive care among patients receiving care in Swiss University primary care settings.
Capello, Fabio; Manca, Marco
The debate over eHealth is alive as never before. Supporters suggest that it will result in dramatic innovations in healthcare, including a giant leap towards patient-centered care, new opportunities to improve effectiveness, and enhanced wellness and quality of life. In addition, the growing market value of investments in health IT suggests that eHealth can offer at least a partial cure for the current economic stagnation. Detractors counter these arguments by claiming that eHealth has already failed: the UK Department of Health has shut down the NHS National Program for IT, Google has discontinued its Health flagship, and doubts have arisen over privacy safeguards for both patients and medical professionals. This book briefly explains why caregivers, professionals, technicians, patients, politicians, and others should all consider themselves stakeholders in eHealth. It offers myth-busting responses to some ill-considered arguments from both sides of the trench, in the process allowing a fresh look at eHeal...
María del Rosario, López de Roux; Lázaro, Cortina Rosales.
Full Text Available La enfermedad hemolítica perinatal (EHPN) es una afección inmunológica aloinmune contra antígenos de origen paterno presentes en los hematíes fetales y del recién nacido. Se han reportado numerosos aloanticuerpos dirigidos contra antígenos eritrocitarios como causa de la EHPN, más frecuentemente los [...] del sistema ABO y Rh. La EHPN por el sistema Rh (EHPN-Rh) suele ser severa, en particular por el antígeno D. Es muy común encontrar el anti-D asociado con otros anticuerpos Rh (C, E, de título menor). El anticuerpo anti-c por sí solo puede producir EHPN severa. Los avances en la prevención de la inmunización por el antígeno D han disminuido la incidencia de esta enfermedad. La EHPN por ABO (EHPN-ABO) ha sido siempre más frecuente, pero su relación con muerte fetal o neonatal es menor que la de la EHPN-Rh. En este tipo de EHPN los anticuerpos están preformados. Las subclases de IgG, predominantes en esta enfermedad son las IgG1 y las IgG3. A la luz de los conocimientos actuales, el diagnóstico de esta enfermedad puede efectuarse precozmente, es posible incluso hacerlo antes del nacimiento e indicar la transfusión fetal intrauterina como método de salvamento de los fetos con hematócritos (Hto) menores o iguales al 30 %. En los recién nacidos se emplean la fototerapia y la exanguinotransfusión para disminuir los niveles séricos de bilirrubina producida por la hemólisis y evitar el kerníctero. Siempre que se sospeche la enfermedad deberá actuarse con rapidez y precisar los anticuerpos involucrados, para de esta forma disminuir su incidencia y morbimortalidad Abstract in english The perinatal hemolytic disease (PHD) is an alloimmune immunological affection against those antigens of paternal origin that are present in the erythrocytes of the fetus and the newborn infant. Several alloantibodies directed against erythrocytic antigens have been reported as the cause of PHD. The [...] most frequently reported are those of the ABO and Rh systems. The PHD caused by the Rh system is usually severe, particularly that produced by the antigen D. It is very common to find the anti-D associated with other Rh antibodies (C,E, of lower titer).The anti-c antibody may produce severe PHD by itself. The advances in the prevention of immunization by D antigen have reduced the incidende of this disease. The PHD caused by ABO has always been more frequent, but its relationship with fetal or neonatal death is lower than that of PHD-Rh. In this type of PHD the antibodies are preformed. The IgG subclasses predominating in this disease are IgG1 and IgG3. In the light of the present knowledge, the diagnosis of this disease may be made early. It is possible to make it even before birth and to indicate the intrauterine fetal transfusion as a method for saving the fetuses with hematocrites lower or equal to 30%. The phototherapy and the exchange transfusion are used among the newborn infants to reduce the serum levels of bilirubin produced by hemolysis and to prevent kernicterus. As long as the disease is suspected it is necessary to act quickly and to determine the involved antibodies in order to reduce its incidence and morbimortality
Chervenak, Frank A; McCullough, Laurence B
This article describes the professional responsibility model of perinatal ethics, which requires the perinatologist in all cases to identify and balance beneficence-based and autonomy-based obligations to the pregnant patient, beneficence-based obligations to the fetal patient, and beneficence-based obligations to the neonatal patient. We explain how this model avoids the clinical failure of both fetal and maternal rights-based reductionism, i.e., insistence either on unlimited fetal rights or on unlimited maternal rights, respectively. The professional responsibility model of perinatal ethics provides the basis for the transnational clinical ethical concept of healthcare justice, which requires that beneficence-based obligations to all patients be routinely fulfilled by providing them with an evidence-based standard of care. We then show how healthcare justice can be used to identify and address ethically unacceptable allocation of healthcare resources. The professional responsibility model of perinatal ethics creates an important role for the perinatologist as responsible advocate for pregnant, fetal, and neonatal patients. PMID:26049210
Beller, Emanuel Kuno; Stahnke, Marita; Butz, Petra; Stahl, Walter; Wessels, Holger
Uses two sets of quality measures of group care to assess their predictive power for measures of the development of children in German group day care. Reports finding that measures of adult-child, child-child, and adult-adult interactions predict development levels when measured by long-term participant observation in a natural day care…
Vermeer, Harriet J.; Groeneveld, Marleen G.; Larrea, Inaki; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Barandiaran, Alexander; Linting, Marielle
A cross-country comparison of children's cortisol levels at child care was performed in relation to their cortisol levels at home and the quality and quantity of child care they received. Participants were toddlers visiting child care centers in Spanish Basque Country (N = 60) and the Netherlands (N = 25) with substantial variation in structural…
Vermeer, Harriet J.; Groeneveld, Marleen G.; Larrea, Inaki; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Barandiaran, Alexander; Linting, Marielle
A cross-country comparison of children's cortisol levels at child care was performed in relation to their cortisol levels at home and the quality and quantity of child care they received. Participants were toddlers visiting child care centers in Spanish Basque Country (N = 60) and the Netherlands (N = 25) with substantial variation in structuralâ€¦
Mohammed, Khaled; Nolan, Margaret B; Rajjo, Tamim; Shah, Nilay D; Prokop, Larry J; Varkey, Prathibha; Murad, Mohammad H
Patient experience is one of key domains of value-based purchasing that can serve as a measure of quality and be used to improve the delivery of health services. The aims of this study are to explore patient perceptions of quality of health care and to understand how perceptions may differ by settings and condition. A systematic review of multiple databases was conducted for studies targeting patient perceptions of quality of care. Two reviewers screened and extracted data independently. Data synthesis was performed following a meta-narrative approach. A total of 36 studies were included that identified 10 quality dimensions perceived by patients: communication, access, shared decision making, provider knowledge and skills, physical environment, patient education, electronic medical record, pain control, discharge process, and preventive services. These dimensions can be used in planning and evaluating health care delivery. Future research should evaluate the effect of interventions targeting patient experience on patient outcomes. PMID:25082873
Fournier Pierre; Dogba Maman
Abstract Background This paper reports on a systematic literature review exploring the importance of human resources in the quality of emergency obstetric care and thus in the reduction of maternal deaths. Methods A systematic search of two electronic databases (ISI Web of Science and MEDLINE) was conducted, based on the following key words "quality obstetric* care" OR "pregnancy complications OR emergency obstetric* care OR maternal mortality" AND "quality health care OR quality care" AND "d...
BACKGROUND: Robust international data support the effectiveness of stroke unit (SU) care. Despite this, most stroke care in Ireland are provided outside of this setting. Limited data currently exist on the quality of care provided. AIM: The aim of this study is to examine the quality of care for patients with stroke in two care settings-Regional General Hospital (RGH) and Stroke Rehabilitation Unit (SRU). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the stroke records of consecutive patients admitted to the SRU between May-November 2002 and April-November 2004 was performed applying the UK National Sentinel Audit of Stroke (NSAS) tool. RESULTS: The results of the study reveal that while SRU processes of care was 74% compliant with standards; compliance with stroke service organisational standards was only 15 and 43% in the RGH and SRU, respectively. CONCLUSION: The quality of stroke care in our area is deficient. Comprehensive reorganisation of stroke services is imperative.
Renfrew, Mary J; McFadden, Alison; Bastos, Maria Helena; Campbell, James; Channon, Andrew Amos; Cheung, Ngai Fen; Silva, Deborah Rachel Audebert Delage; Downe, Soo; Kennedy, Holly Powell; Malata, Address; McCormick, Felicia; Wick, Laura; Declercq, Eugene
In this first paper in a series of four papers on midwifery, we aimed to examine, comprehensively and systematically, the contribution midwifery can make to the quality of care of women and infants globally, and the role of midwives and others in providing midwifery care. Drawing on international definitions and current practice, we mapped the scope of midwifery. We then developed a framework for quality maternal and newborn care using a mixed-methods approach including synthesis of findings from systematic reviews of women's views and experiences, effective practices, and maternal and newborn care providers. The framework differentiates between what care is provided and how and by whom it is provided, and describes the care and services that childbearing women and newborn infants need in all settings. We identified more than 50 short-term, medium-term, and long-term outcomes that could be improved by care within the scope of midwifery; reduced maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity, reduced stillbirth and preterm birth, decreased number of unnecessary interventions, and improved psychosocial and public health outcomes. Midwifery was associated with more efficient use of resources and improved outcomes when provided by midwives who were educated, trained, licensed, and regulated. Our findings support a system-level shift from maternal and newborn care focused on identification and treatment of pathology for the minority to skilled care for all. This change includes preventive and supportive care that works to strengthen women's capabilities in the context of respectful relationships, is tailored to their needs, focuses on promotion of normal reproductive processes, and in which first-line management of complications and accessible emergency treatment are provided when needed. Midwifery is pivotal to this approach, which requires effective interdisciplinary teamwork and integration across facility and community settings. Future planning for maternal and newborn care systems can benefit from using the quality framework in planning workforce development and resource allocation. PMID:24965816
Power, Maxine; Tyrrell, Pippa J; Rudd, Anthony G.; Tully, Mary P; Dalton, David; Marshall, Martin; Chappell, Ian; Corgié, Delphine; Goldmann, Don; Webb, Dale; Dixon-Woods, Mary; Parry, Gareth
Background: Stroke can result in death and long-term disability. Fast and high-quality care can reduce the impact of stroke, but UK national audit data has demonstrated variability in compliance with recommended processes of care. Though quality improvement collaboratives (QICs) are widely used, whether a QIC could improve reliability of stroke care was unknown. Methods: Twenty-four NHS hospitals in the Northwest of England were randomly allocated to participate either in Stroke 90:10, a QIC ...
Vasan, Ashwin; Anatole, Manzi; Mezzacappa, Catherine; Hedt-Gauthier, Bethany L; Lisa R. Hirschhorn; Nkikabahizi, Fulgence; Hagenimana, Marc; Ndayisaba, Aphrodis; Cyamatare, Felix R; Nzeyimana, Bonaventure; Drobac, Peter; Gupta, Neil
Background: As resource-limited health systems evolve to address complex diseases, attention must be returned to basic primary care delivery. Limited data exists detailing the quality of general adult and adolescent primary care delivered at front-line facilities in these regions. Here we describe the baseline quality of care for adults and adolescents in rural Rwanda. Methods: Patients aged 13 and older presenting to eight rural health center outpatient departments in one district in southea...
Adams, Kelly L; Iseler, Jackeline I
Emotional intelligence, a predictor of productivity and success, may impact behaviors responsible for quality of care. This study examined if emotional intelligence of units' bedside nurses is related to the quality of care delivered to the patients. In this study, emotional intelligence was found to be correlated to the number of Clostridium difficile infections, MRSA infections, patient falls with injury, and pressure ulcer screenings (P < .001) in the inpatient acute care setting. PMID:24356579
Odusola, Aina O; Stronks, Karien; Hendriks, Marleen E.; Schultsz, Constance; Akande, Tanimola; Osibogun, Akin; van Weert, Henk; Haafkens, Joke A.
Background: Hypertension is a highly prevalent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) that can be modified through timely and long-term treatment in primary care.Objective: We explored perspectives of primary care staff and health insurance managers on enablers and barriers for implementing high-quality hypertension care, in the context of a community-based health insurance programme in rural Nigeria.Design: Qualitative study using semi-structured individual inter...
Patten, Peggy; Ricks, Omar Benton
Many parents want to know how important the quality of care is to children's social, emotional, and academic development. This Digest synthesizes some major recent research on child care quality. First, the Digest explains what features contribute to quality of care. The Digest also explains the differences between studies of how quality is…
Full Text Available Abstract Background We assessed the quality of life of ICU survivors using SF-36 at 4 months after ICU discharge and investigated any correlation of PCS and MCS with age, illness severity and hospital or ICU length of stay. We examined the relationship between these variables, persisting physical and psychological symptoms and the perceived benefit of individual patients of follow-up. Findings For one year, adult patients admitted for multiple organ or advanced respiratory support for greater than 48 hours to a 16-bedded teaching hospital general intensive care unit were identified. Those surviving to discharge were sent a questionnaire at 4 months following ICU discharge assessing quality of life and persisting symptoms. Demographic, length of stay and illness severity data were recorded. Higher or lower scores were divided at the median value. A two-tailed Students t-test assuming equal variances was used for normally-distributed data and Mann-Whitney tests for non-parametric data. 87 of 175 questionnaires were returned (50%, but only 65 had sufficient data giving a final response rate of 37%. Elderly patients had increased MCS as compared with younger patients. The PCS was inversely related to hospital LOS. There was a significant correlation between the presence of psychological and physical symptoms and desire for follow-up. Conclusion Younger age and prolonged hospital stay are associated with lower mental or physical quality of life and may be targets for rehabilitation. Patients with persisting symptoms at 4 months view follow-up as beneficial and a simple screening questionnaire may identify those likely to attend outpatient services.
Clemes, M D; Ozanne, L K; Laurensen, W L
The 1984 liberalization of the New Zealand economy has resulted in a health care sector that has become very competitive (Zwier and Clarke, 1999). The private sector is now able to supply health care services and, as a result, a greater value is being placed on patient satisfaction (Zwier and Clarke, 1999). However, despite the increasing focus on customer satisfaction, research into health care patients' perceptions of the dimensions of service quality is scarce. This can be problematic, as quality of care is an essential issue in the strategic marketing of health care services (Turner and Pol, 1995). This study takes a step towards addressing this deficiency by identifying patients' perceptions of the dimensions of service quality in health care. The findings of this study are based on the empirical analysis of a sample of 389 respondents interviewed by telephone. The findings indicate that the service quality dimensions identified in this health care specific study differ in number and dimensional structure from the widely adopted service quality dimensions first identified by Parasuraman, Berry and Zeithaml (1988): reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy and tangibles. The service quality dimensions identified in this study were: reliability, tangibles, assurance, empathy, food, access, outcome, admission, discharge and responsiveness. In addition, health care patients perceive the service quality dimensions relating to the core product in health care delivery (for example, outcome and reliability) as more important than the service quality dimensions relating to the peripheral product in health care delivery (for example, food, access and tangibles). Finally, the results of this study suggest that patients with different geographic, demographic, and behavioristic characteristics have different needs and wants during health care delivery and therefore perceive different service quality dimensions as important. PMID:11727291
Full Text Available There are many biases concerning the application of competition law in health care. Quality concerns can however be integrated into competition law analysis. The aim of this paper is to identify the links between the application of competition law in the European Union and the right to quality health care and to point out the problems that arise when integrating quality concerns in competition law analysis. Guidelines must be issued and competition authorities must work together with institutions that have expertise in the field of health care quality measurement in order to integrate these dimensions in competition practice.
There are many biases concerning the application of competition law in health care. Quality concerns can however be integrated into competition law analysis. The aim of this paper is to identify the links between the application of competition law in the European Union and the right to quality health care and to point out the problems that arise when integrating quality concerns in competition law analysis. Guidelines must be issued and competition authorities must work together with institutions that have expertise in the field of health care quality measurement in order to integrate these dimensions in competition practice. PMID:20195428
Holt, Helen; Freedman, Danielle B
ISO 22870 standards require protocols for performance of internal quality control for all point-of-care testing devices and training of users in its theory and practice. However, the unique setting of point-of-care testing (i.e. processes conducted by non-scientific users) means that laboratory internal quality control programmes do not easily translate to point-of-care testing. In addition, while the evidence base for internal quality control within the laboratory has been increasing, the equivalent literature surrounding point-of-care testing is very limited. This has led to wide variation in what is considered acceptable practice for internal quality control at the point of care. Indeed, it has been demonstrated that internal quality control is an area of deficiency in point-of-care testing. Internal quality control protocols used at point-of-care testing should be defined based on risk management. The protocol will therefore be dependent on analyser complexity and availability of inbuilt system checks, the risk associated with release of an incorrect patient result as well as frequency of use. The emphasis should be on designing an effective internal quality control protocol as opposed to the inherent tendency of introducing high-frequency quality control. Typically a simple pass or fail criterion is used for internal quality control in point-of-care testing based on whether internal quality control results fall within assigned ranges. While simply taught, such criteria can require broad internal quality control ranges to decrease the probability of false rejection (also reducing the probability of error detection). Customized internal quality control ranges, two-tier acceptance systems and assay-specific internal quality control can be used to improve error detection rates. PMID:26486440
Cesariana e resultados neonatais em hospitais privados no Brasil: estudo comparativo de dois diferentes modelos de atenção perinatal / Caesarean section and neonatal outcomes in private hospitals in Brazil: comparative study of two different perinatal models of care / Cesárea y resultados neonatales de hospitales privados en Brasil: un estudio comparativo de dos diferentes modelos de prestación de servicios perinatales
Jacqueline Alves, Torres; Rosa Maria Soares Madeira, Domingues; Jane, Sandall; Zulmira, Hartz; Silvana Granado Nogueira da, Gama; Mariza Miranda Theme, Filha; Arthur Orlando Correa, Schilithz; Maria do Carmo, Leal.
Full Text Available Objetiva-se comparar a prevalência de cesariana e desfechos neonatais de dois modelos de atenção ao parto em hospitais privados brasileiros, utilizando-se dados do estudo Nascer no Brasil, coorte de base hospitalar realizada nos anos 2011/2012. Foram analisadas 1.664 puérperas e seus conceptos, aten [...] didos em 13 hospitais localizados na Região Sudeste, divididos em “típico” – modelo de atenção padrão, e “atípico” – Hospital Amigo da Criança com equipes de plantão e trabalho colaborativo entre enfermeiras obstétricas e médicos na atenção ao parto. A classificação de Robson foi adotada para a comparação das prevalências de cesariana, que foram menores no hospital atípico (47,8% vs. 90,8%, p Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio es comparar la tasa de cesárea y los resultados neonatales de dos modelos de atención al parto en hospitales privados en Brasil. Se utilizaron datos de la encuesta Nacer en Brasil, una cohorte de base hospitalaria durante los años 2011/2012. Se analizaron a 1.664 madres y [...] a sus recién nacidos en 13 hospitales de la región sureste, divididos en "típico" -modelo de atención estándar- y "atípico" -Hospital Amigo del Niño-, con atención al parto por equipos de turno integrados por médicos y parteras. Se adoptó la clasificación de Robson con el fin comparar las tasas de cesárea, que fueron inferiores en el hospital atípico (47,8% vs. 90,8%, p Abstract in english This study aims at comparing caesarean section rates and neonatal outcomes of two perinatal models of care provided in private hospitals in Brazil. Birth in Brazil data, a national hospital-based cohort conducted in the years 2011/2012 was used. We analysed 1,664 postpartum women and their offspring [...] attended at 13 hospitals located in the South-east region of Brazil, divided into a "typical” – standard care model and "atypical" – Baby-Friendly hospital with collaborative practices between nurse-midwives and obstetricians on duty to attend deliveries in an alternative labour ward. The Robson’s classification system was used to compare caesarean sections, which was lower in the atypical hospital (47.8% vs. 90.8%, p
Full Text Available Jamiu O BusariDepartment of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The NetherlandsAbstract: Quality assurance (QA in higher medical education involves the development, sustenance, improvement, and evaluation of the standard of training of medical professionals. In health care delivery, QA focuses on guaranteeing and maintaining a high standard of the service provided in different health care systems. When the service delivered by the care provider is in accordance with what the recipients of health care expect, then quality in health care is considered to be present. There are several factors in higher medical education and health care that are responsible for the emergence of QA. These include externally imposed obligations requiring demonstration of public accountability and responsibility from educational institutions, as well as the need for activity-specific information by policy makers as an aid for important decision-making within educational institutions. In health care delivery on the other hand, the emergence of QA is linked to the need for containing rising health care costs in the face of limited resources and to guaranteeing high quality patient care in a changing health care environment where the power relationship between doctors and patients is shifting towards patients. Although medical education can be regarded as a distinct entity in the health care industry, it still remains an inherent part of the health care delivery system. As a result, different strategies aimed at guaranteeing and assuring high standards of health care and education in many countries tend to overlap. This paper reflects on whether quality assurance in health care delivery and medical education should be seen as separate entities.Keywords: quality assurance, health care, higher medical education
Kjaer, Monica Linda; Mainz, Jan
A comprehensive patient evaluation of quality of care encompasses assessment and patient-rated prioritization of the various provisions of care. One hundred consecutive venous leg ulcer patients treated in a multidisciplinary wound healing center were invited to participate in a cross-sectional study to assess the quality of and assign priority to 28 aspects of medical technical, interpersonal, and organizational care. The response rate to the mailed questionnaire and follow-up telephone survey was 80%. Almost half (46%) of patients (median age 76 years, range 30 to 92) had an ulcer history of >5 years. Seventy-three patients (91%) were satisfied with the overall quality of care. A linear relationship was observed between average assessment score and the relative importance of the quality aspects studied. The quality of medical technical care and empathy aspects of interpersonal care received the most positive assessments and were given highest priority. Next in importance were the quality and coherence of information provided and cooperation between different healthcare sectors. Organizational aspects of care were less positively assessed and received lower priority ratings. Venous leg ulcer care, as provided in a multidisciplinary wound healing center, was assessed as satisfactory by patients, but areas for improvement - notably, cooperation between healthcare sectors and continuity of care - were observed.
Seys, D; Duker, P; Salemink, W; Franken-Wijnhoven, J
The effects of resident behaviors and resident characteristics on the quantity and quality of care they receive from direct-care staff was examined. Four hundred and fifty-two residents with severe and profound mental retardation and 416 direct care staff members were involved. Naturalistic observations were conducted on direct-care staff behavior, that is, staff-resident initiatives, staff affection, staff communicative behavior, on resident behaviors (i.e., maladaptive, stereotypic, and adaptive behavior, position, attending, and communicative behavior), and on resident characteristics (i.e., gender, age, ambulancy, sensory handicaps, and seizure disorder). By importance, residents' ambulancy/motoric skills, their communicative behavior, and attending behavior accounted for the greatest differences in the quality and quantity of the care they receive from direct-care staff. Given that certain resident characteristics can be ameliorated through training, residents themselves may control, to a certain extent, the care they receive from direct-care staff in residential facilities. PMID:9653802
Fuqua, Robert W.; Schieck, Roberta
Examines the consumer behaviors of 107 parents currently using family day care to assess the relationship between child care selection and the use of a child care resource and referral program (CCR&R). Parents who used a CCR&R functioned differently as consumers of child care than parents who had not used a CCR&R. (RJC)
The experience of perinatal mental illness (mental illness occurring around the time of pregnancy) currently affect 1 in 10 women and can have adverse effects on the mother and her child (Massie and Szajnberg, 2002; O'Connor et al., 2002). The care and effective management of women experiencing perinatal mental illness is therefore an important issue for health care staff, managers, psychiatrists, commissioners and campaigners. Midwives play a significant part in caring for women throughout their pregnancies, during labour and up to the first month after birth. Midwives are in a unique position to assess a woman's well-being and to offer appropriate support. However, previous research has revealed that midwives often have poor understanding and knowledge of perinatal mental health issues and require improved training (Ross-Davie et al, 2006; McCann and Clark, 2010). This research project aims to systematically assess student midwives awareness of perinatal mental illness. The findings of this study will inform curriculum development for graduate and post-graduate midwifery students therefore improving the care and support women with mental illness receive from antenatal services. The findings from this study will also be used for the formation of an educational web-based programme for student and qualified midwives. PMID:25300675
I.A. Mouzas A.G. Pallis,
SUMMARY Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are consistently high users of health care services. They need continuous medication, frequent follow up visits, while their life expectancy is normal. One major parameter, which creeps into the assessment of quality of care, is organization of health care system. However, relatively little research exists on the characteristics and the organization of an ideal health care system which will effectively satisfy the needs of the chronically...
Insufficient competence among nursing staff is a major concern in elderly care worldwide as the healthcare needs of the elderly become increasingly complex. In previous research, insufficient competence has been associated with work dissatisfaction and stress among elderly care nurses, and with lower quality of care. This thesis describes the development, implementation and evaluation of an educational intervention for nursing staff in elderly care. In a prospective, controlled study, evaluat...
Restuccia Joseph D
Full Text Available Abstract Background Recently, there has been considerable effort to promote the use of health information technology (HIT in order to improve health care quality. However, relatively little is known about the extent to which HIT implementation is associated with hospital patient care quality. We undertook this study to determine the association of various HITs with: hospital quality improvement (QI practices and strategies; adherence to process of care measures; risk-adjusted inpatient mortality; patient satisfaction; and assessment of patient care quality by hospital quality managers and front-line clinicians. Methods We conducted surveys of quality managers and front-line clinicians (physicians and nurses in 470 short-term, general hospitals to obtain data on hospitals’ extent of HIT implementation, QI practices and strategies, assessments of quality performance, commitment to quality, and sufficiency of resources for QI. Of the 470 hospitals, 401 submitted complete data necessary for analysis. We also developed measures of hospital performance from several publicly data available sources: Hospital Compare adherence to process of care measures; Medicare Provider Analysis and Review (MEDPAR file; and Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems HCAHPS® survey. We used Poisson regression analysis to examine the association between HIT implementation and QI practices and strategies, and general linear models to examine the relationship between HIT implementation and hospital performance measures. Results Controlling for potential confounders, we found that hospitals with high levels of HIT implementation engaged in a statistically significant greater number of QI practices and strategies, and had significantly better performance on mortality rates, patient satisfaction measures, and assessments of patient care quality by hospital quality managers; there was weaker evidence of higher assessments of patient care quality by front-line clinicians. Conclusions Hospital implementation of HIT was positively associated with activities intended to improve patient care quality and with higher performance on four of six performance measures.
Moreira Philippe; Suh Siri; Ly Moussa
Abstract Background In Senegal, traditional supervision often focuses more on collection of service statistics than on evaluation of service quality. This approach yields limited information on quality of care and does little to improve providers' competence. In response to this challenge, Management Sciences for Health (MSH) has implemented a program of formative supervision. This multifaceted, problem-solving approach collects data on quality of care, improves technical competence, and enga...
Tropello, Steven P; Ravitz, Alan D; Romig, Mark; Pronovost, Peter J; Sapirstein, Adam
This article presents an overview of systems engineering and describes common core principles found in systems engineering methodologies. The Patient Care Program Acute Care Initiative collaboration between the Armstrong Institute of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, which will use systems engineering to reduce patient harm in the intensive care unit, is introduced. Specific examples of applying a systems engineering approach to the Patient Care Program Acute Care Initiative are presented. PMID:23182531
Full Text Available Aim: To explore users’ expectations, their perceived quality and their satisfaction with primary care services an anonymous questionnaire has been administered to a sample of 212 users.Background: Patient satisfaction with quality of primary care is a dominant concept in quality assurance and quality improvement programs.Methods: It has been used the Expectations-Perceived Quality-Satisfaction with Primary Care Services Scale (E-PQ-SPCSS that was developed and validated in this study. Data were analysed using SPSS, version 18.Results: The overall satisfaction with the primary care services was 97.2%, with the medical care provided was 95.3% and with nursing care was 92.5%. Nursing care was provided to 126 (59.4% users. These users were more satisfied (p<0.0001 with global nursing care provided (4.52±0.70 than those who were not provided a nursing care intervention (3.53±1.73. Age correlated with global satisfaction with primary care (r=0.315, p<0.001 with medical (r=0.194, p<0.001 and nursing care (r=0.183, p<0.001 as well as with expectations totalscore (r=0.295, p<0.001, perceived quality of care total score (r=0.366, p<0.001 and satisfaction with care total score (r=0.207, p=0.002. Based on Cattell’s visual scree plot, four factors accounting for 64.34% of the item covariance were extracted and rotated through factor analysis (nurse’s technical and interpersonal competence, physician’s interpersonal competence, physician’s technical competence and structure characteristics.Conclusions: The psychometric properties of the E-PQ-SPCSS were good enough indicating that the scales are reliable and adequate for group comparisons.
Full Text Available Abstract Background Child and adolescent mental health problems are common in primary healthcare settings. However, few parents of children with mental health problems express concerns about these problems during consultations. Based on parental views, we aimed to create quality of care measures for child and adolescent mental health in primary care and develop consensus about the importance of these quality standards within primary care. Methods Quality Standards were developed using an iterative approach involving four phases: 1 34 parents with concerns about their child’s emotional health or behaviour were recruited from a range of community settings including primary care practices to participate in focus group discussions, followed by validation groups or interviews. 2 Preliminary Quality Standards were generated that fully represented the parents’ experiences and were refined following feedback from an expert parent nominal group. 3 55 experts, including parents and representatives from voluntary organisations, across five panels participated in a modified two-stage Delphi study to develop consensus on the importance of the Quality Standards. The panels comprised general practitioners, other community-based professionals, child and adolescent psychiatrists, other child and adolescent mental health professionals and public health and policy specialists. 4 The final set of Quality Standards was piloted with 52 parents in primary care. Results In the Delphi process, all five panels agreed that 10 of 31 Quality Standards were important. Although four panels rated 25–27 statements as important, the general practitioner panel rated 12 as important. The final 10 Quality Standards reflected healthcare domains involving access, confidentiality for young people, practitioner knowledge, communication, continuity of care, and referral to other services. Parents in primary care agreed that all 10 statements were important. Conclusions It is feasible to develop a set of Quality Standards to assess mental healthcare provision for children and adolescents seen within primary healthcare services. Primary care practitioners should be aware of parental perspectives about quality of care as these may influence help-seeking behaviours.
Kimura, Lisa J; McGee, Amelia; Baird, Shelagh; Viloria, Joanne; Nagatsuka, Melissa
Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition of Hawai'i (HMHB) is a local nonprofit organization dedicated to eliminating health disparities and improving Hawai'i's maternal, child, and family health though collaborative efforts in public education, advocacy, and partner development. A review of HMHB services revealed overwhelming requests for both breastfeeding and postpartum depression (PPD) support. The purpose of this article is to present the findings of two surveys that highlight the awareness of existing breastfeeding and PPD resources based on both parents and health care providers; perceptions of where and how care is accessed; and whether mothers throughout Hawai'i have equitable access to support. Results helped assess gaps in resources and determine barriers to care, as well as provide suggestions for new services or resources. Web-based surveys were sent to 450 providers and 2,955 parents with response rates of 8.9% and 4.0%, respectively. Less than half of parent participants reported that their health provider discussed PPD with them. Participants identified a number of barriers to increasing access and utilization of PPD support resources, including: not feeling like symptoms were server enough, feeling embarrassed to seek help, not knowing where to find support/information, and not able to afford or insurance wouldn't cover PPD support. Only 40% of providers reported screening for PPD and 33% felt they had not received adequate training. Barriers identified by providers were a lack of trained providers, lack of PPD specific support groups, cultural stigma, and lack of PPD awareness among providers. Of the women who did not exclusively breastfeed for the full six-month recommendation, the most common breastfeeding concerns included: perceptions of low milk supply; lack of lactation support; medical reasons; and pain. Providers described an environment of uneven distribution of resources, general lack of awareness of available resources, along with a widespread lack of support for breastfeeding efforts. Recommendations for future efforts include comprehensive breastfeeding and PPD training for health care providers enhanced support groups, and improving awareness and access to information and support resources. PMID:25821653
Markus, Anne Rossier; Rosenbaum, Sara
One of the most challenging aspects of health care improvement and reform is ensuring that individuals, particularly those who are vulnerable and low income, have access to care. Just as challenging is the imperative to ensure that the care accessed is of the highest quality possible. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, Crossing the Quality Chasm, identified the primary goal of any high-quality heath care system: The ability to furnish the right care, in the right setting, at the right time. This aim must also be the primary goal of Medicaid in regard to providing access to high-quality care for women throughout the reproductive cycle. Nationwide, Medicaid is a large purchaser of maternity care; in 2006, the program paid for 43% of all births and maternity costs represented 29% of all hospital charges to Medicaid. Under current federal law, state Medicaid agencies have to fulfill several obligations related to assessing, ensuring, and improving the quality of care, particularly for enrollees who receive services through managed care arrangements. The main purpose of this article is to analyze and describe the role of Medicaid in facilitating access to care for pregnant women and ensuring high-quality maternity care that is affordable. It first summarizes the federal Medicaid requirements regarding eligibility, coverage of benefits, financing, and service delivery, with a special emphasis on existing quality provisions. Then, it discusses current issues and recommends several Medicaid reforms, particularly in the area of quality assessment and improvement. All reforms, including Medicaid reforms, should seek to support the IOM-identified aims. Much of the emphasis in Medicaid policy development has been focused on access to care and great need for reform remains in the area of quality assurance and improvement, and disparity reduction because the program can play a significant role in this regard as well. More broadly, health care reform may provide an opportunity to revisit key issues around access to and quality of maternity care, including the benefit package, the content of services covered in the package, the frequency with which these services should be furnished, and the development of meaningful measures to capture whether women of childbearing age, including pregnant women, regardless of insurance status, indeed receive efficient, timely, effective, safe, accessible, and woman-centered maternity care. PMID:20123184
Pedro, Faneite; Clara, Rivera; Rosanna, Amato; Josmery, Faneite.
Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar en las gestantes complicadas con corioamnionitis las características, factores maternos y las repercusiones maternas y perinatales. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, epidemiológico y analítico. Ambiente: Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología, Hospital "Dr. Adolfo [...] Prince Lara", Universidad de Carabobo, Puerto Cabello, Estado Carabobo. Resultados: En las 44 pacientes las características maternas que predominaron fueron: residentes en barrios (45,45 %), solteras y concubinas (77,27 %), edad materna 20-24 años (40,91 %) y antecedente personal hipertensión (20,45 %). El diagnóstico de ingreso destacó la rotura prematura de membranas 50 % e infección uro-vaginal 13,6 %; eran multigestas 50,0 %, y en 52,28 % la edad del embarazo fue de 36 semanas y menos, en 84,08 % hubo conducción-inducción del trabajo de parto, terminaron en cesárea 45,45 %. Factores de riesgo: múltiples tactos (4 y más) 40,9 % y tiempo entre rotura de membranas e inicio de trabajo de parto mayor de 12 horas 18,44 %. El diagnóstico se hizo por la clínica y laboratorio; tratadas con antibióticos en su totalidad, acompañadas por oxitócicos 68,18 %. Recién nacidos de sexo femeninos 48,84 %, peso entre 3 000- 3 499 g 31,31 % y tallas 45-49 cm 28,89 %; índice Apgar 6 o menos 28,94 %. La morbilidad perinatal neonatal fue 39,47 %, especialmente por sepsis y patología respiratoria; la morbilidad materna 56,81 %, por sepsis y anemia; la perinatal global 28,88 %, la fetal 15,55 % y la neonatal 13,13 %. Conclusión: La corioamninitis se relacionó con múltiples tactos intraparto, el tiempo de rotura prematura de membranas al inicio del parto y las infecciones uro-vaginales; sus repercusiones revelaron elevadas cifras de morbimortalidad perinatal por sepsis y deficiencias respiratorias, también alta morbilidad materna. Todo señala a implementar programas preventivos y mejorar la atención materno-neonatal. Abstract in english Objective: To study the pregnant women complicated with chorioamnionitis, knowing its impact, identify characteristics and factors related maternal and establish maternal and perinatal impact. Methods: Observational, descriptive, retrospective, epidemiological and analytical study of 44 pregnant wom [...] en complicated with chorioamnionitis, which occurred during the period 2005-2009. Setting: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital "Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara ", Universidad de Carabobo, Puerto Cabello, Estado Carabobo. Results: Maternal characteristics were predominant in patients living in urban region (45.45 %), single and concubines (77.27 %), maternal age between 20-24 years (40.91 %) and personal history hypertension (20.45 %). In obstetrical situation, first admission diagnosis of premature rupture of membranes 50 % and infection urology and vaginal 13.6 %, were multiparous 50 %, with 52.28 % of gestational age 36 weeks and less, in 84.08 % were induction-conduction of labor, ending 45.45 % cesarean. Outstanding risk factors, vaginal digital exam (4 and more) 40.9 %, exam gynecology and time between rupture of membranes at the onset of labor more than 12 hours 18.44 %, diagnosis was mainly clinical and laboratory, were treated with antibiotics in its entirety accompanied by oxytocic 68.18 %. The neonates were 48.84 % female, weighing between 3 000 and 3 499 g, 31.31 % and 28.89 % height 45-49 cm, Apgar Index 6 or less 28.94 %. Neonatal perinatal morbidity was 39.47 %, represented especially by sepsis and respiratory disease, maternal morbidity 56.81 %, given by sepsis and anemia in various forms, the overall perinatal mortality 28.88 %, fetal mortality 15.55 %, neonatal mortality 13.13 %, was decisive sepsis and prematurity in all these deaths. Conclusion: The chorioamnionitis related to exam gynecology, premature rupture of membranes at the start time delivery and urology and vaginal infections; its impact revealed high numbers of perinatal morbidity and mortality from sepsis and respiratory impairment, also high maternal morbidity.
Slonim, Anthony D; Pollack, Murray M
The Institute of Medicine's report Crossing the Quality Chasm recommends "six aims for improvement." The aims are safety, effectiveness, equity, timeliness, patient-centeredness, and efficiency. This review focuses on the quality of care information relevant to the Institute of Medicine's six aims to assess their relevance, potential impact, and affect on pediatric critical care practice. It is concluded that if the care for pediatric intensive care patients is to be fundamentally improved, an understanding of the current care environment, the existing evidence base, the opportunities for improvement, and the documentation of the improvements needs to be realized. The Institute of Medicine's six aims provide a useful framework to advance the quality of care in this pediatric subspecialty and perhaps others. PMID:15857522
van der Eijk Ingrid
Full Text Available Abstract Background Quality of care from the perspective of users is increasingly used in evaluating health care performance. Going beyond satisfaction studies, quality of care from the users' perspective is conceptualised in two dimensions: the importance users attach to aspects of care and their actual experience with these aspects. It is well established that health care systems differ in performance. The question in this article is whether there are also differences in what people in different health care systems view as important aspects of health care quality. The aim is to describe and explain international differences in the importance that health care users attach to different aspects of health care. Methods Data were used from different studies that all used a version of the QUOTE-questionnaire that measures user views of health care quality in two dimensions: the importance that users attach to aspects of care and their actual experience. Data from 12 European countries and 5133 individuals were used. They were analysed using multi-level analysis. Results Although most of the variations in importance people attach to aspects of health care is located at the individual level, there are also differences between countries. The ranking of aspects shows similarities. 'My GP should always take me seriously' was in nearly all countries ranked first, while an item about waiting time in the GP's office was always ranked lowest. Conclusion Differences between countries in how health care users value different aspects of care are difficult to explain. Further theorising should take into account that importance and performance ratings are positively related, that people compare their experiences with those of others, and that general and instrumental values might be related through the institutions of the health care system.
Ouslander, Joseph G; Bonner, Alice; Herndon, Laurie; Shutes, Jill
Interventions to Reduce Acute Care Transfers (INTERACT) is a publicly available quality improvement program that focuses on improving the identification, evaluation, and management of acute changes in condition of nursing home residents. Effective implementation has been associated with substantial reductions in hospitalization of nursing home residents. Familiarity with and support of program implementation by medical directors and primary care clinicians in the nursing home setting are essential to effectiveness and sustainability of the program over time. In addition to helping nursing homes prevent unnecessary hospitalizations and their related complications and costs, and thereby continuing to be or becoming attractive partners for hospitals, health care systems, managed care plans, and accountable care organizations, effective INTERACT implementation will assist nursing homes in meeting the new requirement for a robust quality assurance performance improvement program, which is being rolled out by the federal government over the next year. PMID:24513226
Zhang, Yanfeng; van Velthoven, Michelle Helena; Chen, Li; Car, Josip; Li, Ye; Wang, Wei; Robert W Scherpbier
Aim To assess the quality of outpatient pediatric care provided by township and village doctors, prevalence of common childhood diseases, care-seeking behavior, and coverage of key interventions in Zhao County in China. Methods We conducted two cross-sectional surveys: 1) maternal, newborn, and child health household survey including1601 caregivers of children younger than two years; 2) health facility survey on case management of 348 sick children younger than five ye...
Earle, Craig C; Landrum, Mary Beth; Souza, Jeffrey M.; Neville, Bridget A; Weeks, Jane C.; Ayanian, John Z
The purpose of this article is to review the literature and update analyses pertaining to the aggressiveness of cancer care near the end of life. Specifically, we will discuss trends and factors responsible for chemotherapy overuse very near death and underutilization of hospice services. Whether the concept of overly aggressive treatment represents a quality-of-care issue that is acceptable to all involved stakeholders is an open question.
Lohr, K N; Harris-Wehling, J
The first of a series of articles on the Institute of Medicine study on a quality review and assurance program for Medicare, this article reviews the findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the IOM study committee and discusses the quality-of-care definition, which became a focal point for the report. A QA system should achieve a balance among important dimensions of "quality of care;" several such dimensions were identified. Turning the definition into practical measurement and intervention approaches and implementing a QA strategy based on it remain significant challenges. PMID:1900934
Hughes, J M
Winter Park Memorial Hospital (Winter Park, Florida) began implementation of a well-strategized plan for total quality management (TQM) in 1987. Having no guidelines for applying TQM to health care but using the industrial quality management techniques of Philip Crosby Associates, Inc, the hospital made the transition and saved thousands of dollars in the process. This article describes the transition, especially the integral part played by the Medical Staff Quality Council in changing the hospital's culture. PMID:1437093
Leviton, Alan; Nichol, Sarena Michell; Allred, Elizabeth N; Loddenkemper, Tobias
In this article, the authors discuss the 6 domains of care identified by the Institute of Medicine report, Crossing the Chasm, with examples and questions that are especially relevant to physicians caring for children who have neurologic disorders and their families. PMID:21997846
Zima, Bonnie T.; Bussing, Regina; Tang, Lingqi; Zhang, Lily; Ettner, Susan; Belin, Thomas R.; Wells, Kenneth B.
Objective: To examine whether clinical severity is greater among children receiving attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) care in primary care compared with those in specialty mental health clinics, and to examine how care processes and clinical outcomes vary by sector across three 6-month time intervals. Method: This was a longitudinal…
Gold, Kathleen S
To create a health system that better meets patients' needs requires a fundamental redesign of our care delivery system and a new framework. Without a payment mechanism to reflect the value of care provided other than the face-to-face visit, adoption of advanced medical home principles will be challenging. The hand-off of the patient between providers and settings of care is a critical time for the patient and its effectiveness impacts patient care outcomes. The appropriate utilization of hospital and other health system resources is crucial, especially as hospitals, emergency departments, and other health care venues increasingly face capacity constraints and throughput challenges. It becomes the responsibility of the multidisciplinary team of providers to ensure that patients being discharged have an identified personal physician or team who will provide a medical home, and that the handoff to this medical home is thorough and well coordinated. An ideal patient care experience is one in which all systems and processes are geared to meet the needs of the patient: a safety-oriented system that provides standardized, evidence-based care supported by technology, but that recognizes and responds to individual needs. PMID:18080626
Full Text Available Abstract Background Hypertension is a common major risk factor for stroke and coronary heart disease. Little is known about how achievement of financially incentivised and non-incentivised indicators of quality of care varies with deprivation, or about the effect of financial incentives on health inequalities in hypertension. General practices in the UK have received financial incentives for high quality care since 2004. This study set out to assess the variations in achievement of incentivised and non-incentivised quality indicators for hypertension by patient area deprivation, before and after the introduction of financial incentives. Methods Achievement of 14 quality indicators for hypertension in 304 patient participants in 18 general practices in Norfolk, England was assessed one year before (2003 and one year after (2005 the introduction of financial incentives. Four indicators were incentivised and 10 were non-incentivised. Each participant's postcode was linked to an index of multiple deprivation score. Results The range of achievement of incentivised quality indicators was 65-94% in the least deprived third of participants, and 77-94% in the most deprived third in 2003 and 2005 combined. For non-incentivised indicators, the range was 7-85% in the least deprived and 24-93% in the most deprived third. Achievement of incentivised quality indicators in 2003 and 2005 combined did not vary significantly by area deprivation. Achievement of three of 10 non-incentivised indicators was higher in participants from more deprived postcode areas: providing lifestyle advice (odds ratio 1.34, 95% confidence interval 1.00-1.79, assessment of peripheral vascular disease (1.54, 1.02-2.35 and electrocardiography (1.38, 1.04-1.82. Conclusions Participants from more deprived areas received at least the same, and sometimes better, quality of care than those from less deprived areas. Quality of care for hypertension in general practice may not follow the inequitable distribution seen with some other conditions.
Sprague, Ann E; Dunn, Sandra I; Fell, Deshayne B; Harrold, Joann; Walker, Mark C; Kelly, Sherrie; Smith, Graeme N
Pregnancy, birth, and the early newborn period are times of high use of health care services. As well as opportunities for providing quality care, there are potential missed opportunities for health promotion, safety issues, and increased costs for the individual and the system when quality is not well defined or measured. There has been a need to identify key performance indicators (KPIs) to measure quality care within the provincial maternal-newborn system. We also wanted to provide automated audit and feedback about these KPIs to support quality improvement initiatives in a large Canadian province with approximately 140 000 births per year. We therefore worked to develop a maternal-newborn dashboard to increase awareness about selected KPIs and to inform and support hospitals and care providers about areas for quality improvement. We mapped maternal-newborn data elements to a quality domain framework, sought feedback via survey for the relevance and feasibility of change, and examined current data and the literature to assist in setting provincial benchmarks. Six clinical performance indicators of maternal-newborn quality care were identified and evidence-informed benchmarks were set. A maternal-newborn dashboard with "drill down" capacity for detailed analysis to enhance audit and feedback is now available for implementation. While audit and feedback does not guarantee individuals or institutions will make practice changes and move towards quality improvement, it is an important first step. Practice change and quality improvement will not occur without an awareness of the issues. PMID:23343794
Lilian Bulage; Juliet Sekandi; Omar Kigenyi; Ezekiel Mupere
Quality of care plays an important role in the status of tuberculosis (TB) control, by influencing timely diagnosis, treatment adherence, and treatment completion. In this study, we aimed at establishing the quality of TB service care in Kamuli district health care centres using Donabedian structure, process, and outcomes model of health care. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 8 health care facilities, among 20 health care workers and 392 patients. Data was obtained using face-to-face ...
Lund, Stine; Rasch, Vibeke; Hemed, Maryam; Boas, Ida Marie; Said, Azzah; Said, Khadija; Makundu, Mkoko Hassan; Nielsen, Birgitte Bruun
BACKGROUND: Mobile phones are increasingly used in health systems in developing countries and innovative technical solutions have great potential to overcome barriers of access to reproductive and child health care. However, despite widespread support for the use of mobile health technologies, evidence for its role in health care is sparse. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the association between a mobile phone intervention and perinatal mortality in a resource-limited setting. METHODS: This stud...
Lund, Stine; Rasch, Vibeke; Hemed, Maryam; Boas, Ida Marie; Said, Azzah; Said, Khadija; Makundu, Mkoko Hassan; Nielsen, Birgitte Bruun
BACKGROUND: Mobile phones are increasingly used in health systems in developing countries and innovative technical solutions have great potential to overcome barriers of access to reproductive and child health care. However, despite widespread support for the use of mobile health technologies, evidence for its role in health care is sparse. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the association between a mobile phone intervention and perinatal mortality in a resource-limited setting. METHODS: This stud...
Wilhelmina Mijntje Looman
Full Text Available Purpose: This study explores the short-term value of integrated care for the frail elderly by evaluating the effects of the Walcheren Integrated Care Model on health, quality of life, health care use and satisfaction with care after three months.Intervention: Frailty was preventively detected in elderly living at home with the Groningen Frailty Indicator. Geriatric nurse practitioners and secondary care geriatric nursing specialists were assigned as case managers and co-ordinated the care agreed upon in a multidisciplinary meeting. The general practitioner practice functions as a single entry point and supervises the co-ordination of care. The intervention encompasses task reassignment between nurses and doctors and consultations between primary, secondary and tertiary care providers. The entire process was supported by multidisciplinary protocols and web-based patient files.Methods: The design of this study was quasi-experimental. In this study, 205 frail elderly patients of three general practitioner practices that implemented the integrated care model were compared with 212 frail elderly patients of five general practitioner practices that provided usual care. The outcomes were assessed using questionnaires. Baseline measures were compared with a three-month follow-up by chi-square tests, t-tests and regression analysis.Results and conclusion: In the short term, the integrated care model had a significant effect on the attachment aspect of quality of life. The frail elderly patients were better able to obtain the love and friendship they desire. The use of care did not differ despite the preventive element and the need for assessments followed up with case management in the integrated care model. In the short term, there were no significant changes in health. As frailty is a progressive state, it is assumed that three months are too short to influence changes in health with integrated care models. A more longitudinal approach is required to study the value of integrated care on changes in health and the preservation of the positive effects on quality of life and health care use.
Full Text Available T Allen, T Mason, W WhittakerManchester Centre for Health Economics, University of Manchester, Manchester, United KingdomAbstract: Increasingly, financial incentives are being used in health care as a result of increasing demand for health care coupled with fiscal pressures. Financial incentive schemes are one approach by which the system may incentivize providers of health care to improve productivity and/or adapt to better quality provision. Pay for performance (P4P is an example of a financial incentive which seeks to link providers' payments to some measure of performance. This paper provides a discussion of the theoretical underpinnings of P4P, gives an overview of the health P4P evidence base, and provide a detailed case study of a particularly large scheme from the English National Health Service. Lessons are then drawn from the evidence base. Overall, we find that the evidence for the effectiveness of P4P for improving quality of care in primary care is mixed. This is to some extent due to the fact that the P4P schemes used in primary care are also mixed. There are many different schemes that incentivize different aspects of care in different ways and in different settings, making evaluation problematic. The Quality and Outcomes Framework in the United Kingdom is the largest example of P4P in primary care. Evidence suggests incentivized quality initially improved following the introduction of the Quality and Outcomes Framework, but this was short-lived. If P4P in primary care is to have a long-term future, the question about scheme effectiveness (perhaps incorporating the identification and assessment of potential risk factors needs to be answered robustly. This would require that new schemes be designed from the onset to support their evaluation: control and treatment groups, coupled with before and after data.Keywords: pay for performance, primary care, financial incentives, quality of health care
Hoyt, David B; Schneidman, Diane S
This paper describes the American College of Surgeons' 100-plus-year commitment to improving quality and patient care. It summarizes programs that the College established a century ago to improve patient care, including the Hospital Standardization Program, and new initiatives, such as the ACS National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. The College's longstanding experience with quality improvement programs is enabling the organization to play a critical and influential role in helping to ensure that health care reforms, including those in the Affordable Care Act, are implemented in a way that best serves that interests of the surgical patient. Through a combination of these data analysis systems and the application of a finely tuned set of values, the College has become a respected voice in quality and patient safety. The ultimate goal is to create an environment where high value and high reliability take precedence over high volume and where all health care professionals play an active leadership role in delivering optimal, coordinated care. This article further describes how the surgical culture can be reshaped to meet these evolving needs and demands. The American College of Surgeons (ACS) has a longstanding commitment to improving the quality of surgical care through outcome measurement, standards setting, accreditation, and educational activities. This legacy has enabled the ACS to play an influential role in recent developments related to implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and Medicare physician payment reform. PMID:25637309
Richard, Patrick; Shin, Peter; Beeson, Tishra; Burke, Laura S.; Wood, Susan F.; Rosenbaum, Sara
Objective To examine variations in the quality and cost of care provided to patients with diabetes mellitus by Community Health Centers (CHCs) compared to other primary care settings. Research Design and Methods We used data from the 2005–2008 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (N = 2,108). We used two dependent variables: quality of care and ambulatory care expenditures. Our primary independent variable was whether the respondent received care in a Community Health Centers (CHCs) or not. We estimated logistic regression models to determine the probability of quality of care, and used generalized linear models with log link and gamma distribution to predict expenditures for CHC users compared to non-users of CHCs, conditional on patients with positive expenditures. Results Results showed that variations of quality between CHC users and non-CHC users were not statistically significant. Patients with diabetes mellitus who used CHCs saved payers and individuals approximately $1,656 in ambulatory care costs compared to non-users of CHCs. Conclusions These findings suggest an opportunity for policymakers to control costs for diabetes mellitus patients without having a negative impact on quality of care. PMID:26636324
The purpose of the study was two-fold: (1) to examine the relationships among self-care, social support, and quality of life in adult cancer patients receiving radiotherapy while the selected basic conditioning factors of age, marital and socio-economic status, living arrangement, stage and site of cancer were statistically controlled; and (2) to test a theoretical model which postulated that (a) quality of life was predicted jointly by the selected basic conditioning factors, social support and self-care, and (b) self-care was predicted jointly by the selected basic conditioning factors and social support. A convenience sample of 112 adult cervical and head/neck cancer patients receiving radiotherapy was obtained from radiotherapy outpatient clinic in three hospitals located in Bangkok, Thailand. Results of the study indicated positive relationships among self-care, social support, and quality of life. Socio-economic status, site of cancer, and self-care were significant predictors for reported quality of life. Social support appeared to be a significant predictor of quality of life indirectly through self-care. Socio-economic status and social support were also significant predictors of self-care, whereas, stage and site of cancer seemed to predict self-care indirectly through social support
Pedersen, Charlotte GjØrup; Gradus, Jaimie L
Improvement of quality of care for psychiatric patients is a key objective of health care systems worldwide. Consequently, there is an increasing interest in documenting quality of care; however, little is known about the validity of the available data on psychiatric care.
J Gordon Millichap
Full Text Available Advances in classification, causes, treatment and outcome of perinatal ischemic stroke are reviewed by researchers at Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary; and the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.
DuGoff, Eva H; Dy, Sydney; Giovannetti, Erin R; Leff, Bruce; Boyd, Cynthia M
The primary study objective is to assess how three major health reform care coordination initiatives (Accountable Care Organizations, Independence at Home, and Community-Based Care Transitions) measure concepts critical to care coordination for people with multiple chronic conditions. We find that there are major differences in quality measurement across these three large and politically important programs. Quality measures currently used or proposed for these new health reform-related programs addressing care coordination primarily capture continuity of care. Other key areas of care coordination, such as care transitions, patient-centeredness, and cross-cutting care across multiple conditions are infrequently addressed. The lack of a comprehensive and consistent measure set for care coordination will pose challenges for healthcare providers and policy makers who seek, respectively, to provide and reward well-coordinated care. In addition, this heterogeneity in measuring care coordination quality will generate new information, but will inhibit comparisons between these care coordination programs. PMID:24004040
Reviews the range of quality activity in a National Health Service hospital trust, using a staff questionnaire survey, self-assessment against the Baldrige Quality Award criteria, and the application of the SERVQUAL approach to service quality assessment. Reviews the acute health care quality programme literature. Finds that there are needs for greater integration of quality effort, to engage with patients in a more meaningful manner, and to achieve greater commitment and involvement from clinicians and managers. Identifies lack of time and resources as a major barrier to greater application of quality programmes. Explores ways of developing a more holistic and integrated programme of quality improvement. Describes the creation and implementation of a model for continuous improvement in health care quality. PMID:10166023
Chowdhury Sudipta; Eapen C
There is a high global prevalence of hepatitis B. Perinatal transmission of hepatitis B is the predominant mode of transmission in high prevalence areas. The risk of progression to chronic liver disease and development of hepatocellular carcinoma in individuals who acquire the infection at birth is high. Perinatal transmission of hepatitis B can be reduced by early identification of hepatitis B virus (HBV) carrier mothers. High maternal viral loads and maternal serum HBeAg positivity increase...
Whitaker, Claudia; KAVANAUGH, KAREN; Klima, Carrie
Extensive research exists that describes the meaning of perinatal loss to some parents, but the experience of loss from the perspective of Latino parents is not clearly understood. Additionally, current perinatal bereavement practices used often to facilitate memory-making for parents (such as viewing or holding the baby, taking photographs, or collecting mementos) are based upon research done primarily with non-Latino families. Are these common practices appropriate for this population? Beca...
Geraedts, M; Amhof, R
Information on health care providers' quality enables patients to make an informed quality-oriented choice. For this purpose, the information should meet the demand of patients. Since it remains unexplained whether differences exist between men and women in this connection, the aim of our study was to analyze the demand for quality-related information in relation to gender. In the framework of the so called Health Monitor Survey of the Bertelsmann Foundation we surveyed a representative sample of 1,523 German adults about their demand for quality-related information on health care providers. We performed a multivariate analysis of the responses by considering age, socioeconomic status, recent experiences with or occupation in the health care system, and gender as independent variables. The results showed that among all sociodemographic variables considered, gender exerted the strongest influence on the responses. Women in comparison to men expressed a higher demand for quality-related information on health care providers, chose health care providers differently to some extent, and rated a multiplicity of criteria used to make a quality-oriented choice of hospitals more important than men. Thus, the publication of quality-related information on health care providers should be performed gender sensitive. PMID:18185969
P Saraswathi Devi
Full Text Available In the trajectory of disease progress and treatment plan, patients and the family members are confronted with challenging situations like unsurmountable physical distress, inadequate coping patterns,unanswered spiritual issues in the background of serious threat to very existence of life leads to a debilitating Quality of life.The Palliative Care team approach addresses all the issues and also sees the patient to go through the protocols of Palliative care management as well as Oncological treatment plan. Further, this fecilitates a smooth transition from the hospital to home and hospice care. Various studies conducted globally revealed that patients received palliative care intervention along with oncological treatments had higher scores of Quality of life compared to patients received onlyoncology care alone.This article discusses the various factors contributing to late referrals to palliative care team and also care giver?s views pertaining to need for early referral. Timely referral to palliative care minimises the patient?s and care giver?s distress,ensures modest Quality of life and appropriate measures at the end of life care.
Sepulveda, Cecilia; Habiyambere, Vincent; Amandua, Jacinto; Borok, Margaret; Kikule, Ekie; Mudanga, Barbara; Ngoma, Twalib; Solomon, Bogale
Each year about 0.5% of the total population in Botswana, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe die from HIV/AIDS or cancer. The members of a WHO project to improve palliative care in these countries discuss their work. The greatest needs of terminally ill patients were for adequate pain relief, accessible and affordable drugs, and financial support to counter the loss of income of both patient and family caregiver. Special emphasis should be given to home based palliative care provi...
Residential care in nursing homes continues to be necessary for those individuals who are no longer able to live safely and comfortably at home. The demographic change with increasing number of persons over 65 years in the next 20 years also means that the percentage of those who will require care in a nursing home some time before the end of their lives will increase. Therefore, anticipating this pressure to expand nursing home availability, it is critical that these services are developed f...
Programa "Casa das Gestantes": perfil das usuárias e resultados da assistência à saúde materna e perinatal / "The House of the Pregnant women" program: users' profile and maternal and perinatal health care results / Programa "Casa de Embarazadas": perfil de las usuarias y resultados de la asistencia a la salud materna y perinatal
Adriano Marçal, Pimenta; Juliana Vieira, Nazareth; Kleyde Ventura de, Souza; Gisele Marçal, Pimenta.
Full Text Available Estudo transversal, descritivo-exploratório, cujo objetivo foi caracterizar o perfil e os resultados da assistência prestada a 820 usuárias da "Casa das Gestantes" de uma maternidade filantrópica de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, entre março/2008 e dezembro/2009. A análise estatística baseou- [...] se na apresentação de frequências absolutas e relativas das variáveis. Os diagnósticos obstétricos mais frequentes à internação foram relacionados ao trabalho de parto prematuro e à pressão arterial. A maioria das gestantes recebeu alta (44,1%) ou teve parto na maternidade após a estabilização do quadro clínico (45,5%); 10,2% tiveram seu quadro clínico agravado e retornaram ao hospital. Dos recém-nascidos, 2,8% tiveram Apgar no 5º minuto Abstract in spanish Estudio transversal, descriptivo-exploratorio que objetivó caracterizar el perfil y los resultados de atención de salud dada a 820 usuarias de la "Casa de Embarazadas" de una maternidad filantrópica en Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, entre marzo/2008 y diciembre/2009. Análisis estadística fue [...] basada en presentación de frecuencias absolutas y relativas de variables. Los diagnósticos obstétricos más frecuentes de ingreso fueron relacionados al trabajo de parto prematuro y presión arterial. La mayoría de embarazadas tuvieran alta (44,1%) o parto en maternidad tras estabilización de la condición clínica (45,5%); 10,2% agravaran la condición clínica y regresaron al hospital. De los niños, 2,8% tuvieron Apgar a los 5 minutos Abstract in english This is a cross-sectional, descriptive and exploratory study, which was aimed at characterizing the profile and results of health care delivery to 820 users of the "House of the Pregnant Women" at a philanthropic maternity in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, admitted from March 2008 till Decemb [...] er 2009. Statistical analysis was based on absolute and relative frequencies. The most common obstetric diagnoses on admission were related to preterm labor and blood pressure. Most pregnant women were discharged (44.1%) or gave birth at the maternity after the stabilization of their clinical condition (45.5%); in 10.2% of cases, the clinical condition worsened and the women returned to the hospital. Among newborns, 2.8% had Apgar
Lima, Camila S P; Barbosa, Sayonara F F
This is a methodological study and technological production that aims to describe the development of a computerized system of nursing care quality indicators for the Intensive Care Unit. The study population consisted of a systems analyst and fifteen critical care nurses. For the development of the system we adopted some of the best practices of the Unified Process methodology using the Unified Modeling Language and the programming language Java Enterprise Edition 7. The system consists of an access menu with the following functions: Home (presents general information), New Record (records the indicator), Record (record search), Census (add information and indicators of the patient), Report (generates report of the indicators) and Annex (accesses the Braden Scale). This information system allows for measurement of the quality of nursing care and to evaluate patient safety in intensive care unit by monitoring quality indicators in nursing. PMID:26262049
Full Text Available AIM: To create and apply a framework for quality assessment and improvement in care for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD patients. METHODS A framework for quality assessment and improvement was created for IBD based on two generally acknowledged quality models. The model of Donabedian (Df offers a logistical and productive perspective and the Clinical Value Compass (CVC model adds a management and service perspective. The framework creates a pedagogical tool to understand the balance between the dimensions of clinical care (CVC and the components of clinical outcome (Df. The merged models create a framework of the care process dimensions as a whole, reflecting important parts of the IBD care delivery system in a local setting. Clinical and organizational quality measures were adopted from clinical experience and the literature and were integrated into the framework. Data were collected at the yearly check-up for 481 IBD patients during 2008. The application of the quality assessment framework was tested and evaluated in a local clinical IBD care setting in JÃ¶nkÃ¶ping County, Sweden. RESULTS: The main outcome was the presentation of how locally-selected clinical quality measures, integrated into two complementary models to develop a framework, could be instrumental in assessing the quality of care delivered to patients with IBD. The selected quality measures of the framework noted less anemia in the population than previously reported, provided information about hospitalization rates and the few surgical procedures reported, and noted good access to the clinic. CONCLUSION: The applied local quality framework was feasible and useful for assessing the quality of care delivered to IBD patients in a local setting.
Bovier Patrick A
Full Text Available Abstract Background How doctors perceive managed care tools and incentives is not well known. We assessed doctors' opinions about the expected impact of eight managed care tools on quality of care, control of health care costs, professional autonomy and relations with patients. Methods Mail survey of doctors (N = 1546 in Geneva, Switzerland. Respondents were asked to rate the impact of 8 managed care tools on 4 aspects of care on a 5-level scale (1 very negative, 2 rather negative, 3 neutral, 4 rather positive, 5 very positive. For each tool, we obtained a mean score from the 4 separate impacts. Results Doctors had predominantly negative opinions of the impact of managed care tools: use of guidelines (mean score 3.18, gate-keeping (2.76, managed care networks (2.77, second opinion requirement (2.65, pay for performance (1.90, pay by salary (2.24, selective contracting (1.56, and pre-approval of expensive treatments (1.77. Estimated impacts on cost control were positive or neutral for most tools, but impacts on professional autonomy were predominantly negative. Primary care doctors held more positive opinions than doctors in other specialties, and psychiatrists were in general the most critical. Older doctors had more negative opinions, as well as those in private practice. Conclusions Doctors perceived most managed care tools to have a positive impact on the control of health care costs but a negative impact on medical practice. Tools that are controlled by the profession were better accepted than those that are imposed by payers.
Mainz, Jan; Hjulsager, Morten; Eriksen, Mette Thorup; Burgaard, Jytte
This paper describes the Nordic Indicator Project that aims at describing and analysing the quality of care for important diseases in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden). The Council of Ministers decided to appoint a working group for quality mapping with...... rates for breast cancer, colorectal cancer and lung cancer etc., it is difficult to yield data that are representative to the international nations as a whole. It seems that modern health care systems are not able do document their quality. At national and international level we need to invest in...... quality measurement systems and in international collaboration....
Frimpong Jemima A
Full Text Available Abstract Background The adoption of health information technology has been recommended as a viable mechanism for improving quality of care and patient health outcomes. However, the capacity of health information technology (i.e., availability and use of multiple and advanced functionalities, particularly in federally qualified health centers (FQHCs on improving quality of care is not well understood. We examined associations between health information technology (HIT capacity at FQHCs and quality of care, measured by the receipt of discharge summary, frequency of patients receiving reminders/notifications for preventive care/follow-up care, and timely appointment for specialty care. Methods The analyses used 2009 data from the National Survey of Federally Qualified Health Centers. The study included 776 of the FQHCs that participated in the survey. We examined the extent of HIT use and tested the hypothesis that level of HIT capacity is associated with quality of care. Multivariable logistic regressions, reporting unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios, were used to examine whether ‘FQHCs’ HIT capacity’ is associated with the outcome measures. Results The results showed a positive association between health information technology capacity and quality of care. FQHCs with higher HIT capacity were significantly more likely to have improved quality of care, measured by the receipt of discharge summaries (OR=1.43; CI=1.01, 2.40, the use of a patient notification system for preventive and follow-up care (OR=1.74; CI=1.23, 2.45, and timely appointment for specialty care (OR=1.77; CI=1.24, 2.53. Conclusions Our findings highlight the promise of HIT in improving quality of care, particularly for vulnerable populations who seek care at FQHCs. The results also show that FQHCs may not be maximizing the benefits of HIT. Efforts to implement HIT must include strategies that facilitate the implementation of comprehensive and advanced functionalities, as well as promote meaningful use of these systems. Further examination of the role of health information systems in clinical decision-making and improvements in patient outcomes are needed to better understand the benefits of HIT in improving overall quality of care.
Campos, Maria Malta; Rosemberg, Fulvia
Prepared as part of an effort to attain minimum quality standards for Brazilian day care centers, this document focuses on day-to-day provision of day care services for children from birth to 6 years old as well as broader day care administrative concerns. The first version of this document was prepared as part of a training project for day care…
Ketola, E.; Sipila, R.; Makela, M.; Klockars, M
Objectives—Evaluation of the effect of a quality improvement programme on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor recording and risk factor levels in a controlled study at two primary health care centres serving 26 000 inhabitants in Northern Helsinki.
Blenkiron, P.; Hammill, C
Objectives: This study investigated whether patients' satisfaction with their mental health care and quality of life is related to their age, gender, psychiatric diagnosis, and duration of mental disorder.
Hekkink, C.F.; Sixma, H; Wigersma, L.; Yzermans, C.J.; Meer, J.T.M. van der; Bindels, P.J.E.; Brinkman, K.; Danner, S. A.
Background: An HIV-specific version of the QUOTE questionnaire was developed to measure the quality of care of patients infected with HIV from the patients' perspective. The consistency and validity of the questionnaire was assessed.
Siddalingappa, Hugara; Murthy M.R, Nrayana; Kulkarni, Praveen; N.C, Ashok
Background: With decreasing Infant Mortality Rate, Perinatal Mortality is gaining importance as it takes into consideration most of the factors influencing child birth and its survival, mortality during this period is a better indicator of quality of Maternal and Child Health services.
Leas, Brian F; Gagne, Joshua J; Goldfarb, Neil I; Rupnow, Marcia F T; Silberstein, Stephen
Quality of care measures are increasingly important to health plans, purchasers, physicians, and patients. Appropriate measures can be used to assess quality and evaluate improvement and are necessary components of pay-for-performance programs. Despite the broad scope of activity in the development of quality measures, migraine headache has received little attention. Given the enormous costs associated with migraine, especially in terms of lost productivity and preventable health care utilization, health plans could gain from a structured approach to measuring the quality of migraine care their beneficiaries receive. A potential migraine quality measurement set was developed through a review of migraine care literature and guidelines, interviews with leaders in migraine care, health care purchasing, and managed care, and the assembly of an advisory board. The board discussed candidate measures and established consensus on a testable measurement set. Twenty measures were developed, focused primarily on diagnosis and utilization. Areas of utilization include physician visits, emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and imaging. Use of both acute and preventive medications is included. More complex aspects of migraine care are also addressed, including triptan overuse, the relationship between acute and preventive medications, and follow-up after emergency department visits. The measures are currently being tested in health plans to assess their feasibility and value. A compelling case can be made for the development of migraine-specific quality measures for health plans. This effort to develop and test a starter set of measures should lead to new and innovative efforts to assess and improve quality of care for migraineurs. PMID:18942925
Harish Chandra Tiwari; Richa Mishra
Background: India is amongst the top five countries in terms of absolute numbers of maternal deaths. In Uttar Pradesh MMR is even higher than national average. In spite of better utilisation of ante-natal services, pregnancy outcome is not significantly improving. Reason behind it is that worrying gaps in quality of antenatal care exist which lead to poor effectiveness of ANC in practice. Methods: In the present study quality of antenatal care services utilised by 286 recently delivered ...
Kaltoft, Mette; Cunich, Michelle; Salkeld, Glenn; Dowie, Jack
A theory-based instrument for measuring the quality of decisions made using any form of decision technology, including both decision-aided and unaided clinical consultations is required to enable person- and patient-centred care and to respond positively to individual heterogeneity in the value aspects of decision making. Current instruments using the term ‘decision quality’ have adopted a decision- and thus condition-specific approach. We argue that patient-centred care requir...
Hunt, Selina R.; Corazzini, Kirsten; Ruth A. Anderson
Director of nursing turnover is linked to staff turnover and poor quality of care in nursing homes; however the mechanisms of these relationships are unknown. Using a complexity science framework, we examined how nurse management turnover impacts system capacity to produce high quality care. This study is a longitudinal case analysis of a nursing home (n = 97 staff) with 400% director of nursing turnover during the study time period. Data included 100 interviews, observations and documents co...
Kjer Kaltoft, Mette; Cunich, Michelle; Salkeld, Glenn; Dowie, Jack
A theory-based instrument for measuring the quality of decisions made using any form of decision technology, including both decision-aided and unaided clinical consultations is required to enable person- and patient-centred care and to respond positively to individual heterogeneity in the value aspects of decision making. Current instruments using the term 'decision quality' have adopted a decision- and thus condition-specific approach. We argue that patient-centred care requires decision qualit...
Tøttenborg, Sandra Søgaard; Thomsen, Reimar Wernich; Statistician, Henrik Nielsen; Johnsen, Søren Paaske; Hansen, Ejvind Frausing; Lange, Peter
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the quality of care among Danish patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has improved since the initiation of a national multidisciplinary quality improvement program. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide, population-based prospective cohort study using data from the Danish Clinical Register of COPD (DrCOPD). Since 2008 the register has systematically monitored and audited the use of recommended processes of COPD care. RESULTS: Substantial improveme...
Farbicka, Paulina; Nowicki, Andrzej
Neoplastic diseases are among the most common causes of death. The quality of life in neoplastic disease depends on the type of neoplasm, level of progression, location, treatment possibilities and prognosis. Cancer reduces the quality of life at the advanced stage of disease. At this time patients feel pain and suffering. Palliative care is used in the terminal phase of neoplastic disease. It includes overall care of an incurable patient and her/his family. The main objective of palliative c...
Lange, Peter; Andersen, Klaus Kaae; Munch, Erik; Sørensen, Tina Brandt; Dollerup, Jens; Kassø, Kirsten; Larsen, Hanne Bormann; Dahl, Ronald
BACKGROUND: We studied the quality of care for COPD patients in 22 hospital-based outpatient clinics in Denmark and evaluated if participation by the staff in an educational programme could improve the quality of care and adherence to the COPD guidelines. METHODS: We performed two audits of the hospital records one year apart before and after the educational programme for the participating doctors and nurses. A total of 941 patient records were included in the first audit and 927 in the second. ...
Lange, P.; Andersen, Klaus Kaae; Munch, E.; Sorensen, T.B.; Dollerup, J.; Kasso, K.; Larsen, H.B.; Dahl, R.
Background: We studied the quality of care for COPD patients in 22 hospital-based outpatient clinics in Denmark and evaluated if participation by the staff in an educational programme could improve the quality of care and adherence to the COPD guidelines. Methods: We performed two audits of the hospital records one year apart before and after the educational programme for the participating doctors and nurses. A total of 941 patient records were included in the first audit and 927 in the second. ...
A. Kebriaei; F Akbari
This study aims to identify quality gap by assessing users` perceptions and expectations of primary health care quality at Kashan district health centers in Iran. This cross sectional study was carried out during the first three months of 2002. A total of 324 regular female users of primary health care services at Kashan district health centers have been approached. Random sampling of the households covered by each health center was undertaken. The survey instrument was designed around the va...
Frimpong Jemima A; Jackson Bradford E; Stewart LaShonda M; Singh Karan P; Rivers Patrick A; Bae Sejong
Abstract Background The adoption of health information technology has been recommended as a viable mechanism for improving quality of care and patient health outcomes. However, the capacity of health information technology (i.e., availability and use of multiple and advanced functionalities), particularly in federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) on improving quality of care is not well understood. We examined associations between health information technology (HIT) capacity at FQHCs and ...
Reichert, Arndt R.; Stroka, Magdalena A.
There is widespread concern about the quality of care in nursing homes. Based on administrative data of a large health insurance fund, we investigate whether nursing home prices affect relevant quality of care indicators at the resident level. Our results indicate a significantly negative price effect on inappropriate and psychotropic medication. In contrast, we find no evidence for fewer painful physical sufferings for residents of nursing homes with higher prices.
Kristiann T. Williams
The aim of this project was to examine if stress levels in Associate Degree (AD) nursing students can affect their perceived quality of care provided to patients. Nursing students experience tremendous amounts of stress especially during their clinical experience. High levels of stress may affect the quality of patient care provided. This project implemented a stress reducing workshop and an instructional deep breathing compact disk (CD) to determine the effects of this...
Full Text Available ackground & Aim: Performance appraisal is one of the most important duties for nursing managers. This will improve the quality of nursing care, and it needs suitable approaches and effective strategies in nursing services. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of performance appraisal using management by objective approach on nursing care quality. Methods & Materials: This was a quasi-experimental and single-blind study that was carried out in two surgical units of an affiliated hospital of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. 80 patients were selected using a randomized sampling. The quality of nursing care were controlled in both experiment and control units before and after the performance appraisal procedure. The procedure was programmed on the basis of management by objective approach for six months in the experiment unit. In the intervention unit, nursing performance appraisal was done three times and in every time head nurse and supervisors participated in giving feedbacks and recommendations for the nurses. At the end of the intervention, quality of nursing care was assessed in both groups blindly. The results were compared and statistically analyzed. Results: Significant difference was found between quality of nursing care in the experiment and control units (P<0.001. Quality of nursing care was significantly different before and after intervention in the experiment unit (P=0.009. Conclusion: Performance appraisal using management by objective approach could increase the quality of nursing care. As a result, using nursing performance appraisal plans according to the basis of MBO could be an effective evaluation way to access the quality of nursing care.
Tod, Angela; Kennedy, Fiona; Stocks, Amanda-Jayne; McDonnell, Ann; Ramaswamy, Bhanu; Wood, Brendan; Whitfield, Malcolm
Objectives: The study examines the meaning of good-quality social care for people with Parkinsonâ€™s disease and their carers. It identifies, from their perspective, the impact of good-quality social care on health and well-being. Design: Qualitative case study methodology, interview and framework analysis techniques were used. Setting: community locations in the north and midlands of England. Participants: Data were collected from 43 participants including individ...
Tod, Angela Mary; Kennedy, Fiona; Stocks, Amanda-Jayne; McDonnell, Ann; Ramaswamy, Bhanu; Wood, Brendan; Whitfield, Malcolm
Objectives The study examines the meaning of good-quality social care for people with Parkinson's disease and their carers. It identifies, from their perspective, the impact of good-quality social care on health and well-being. Design Qualitative case study methodology, interview and framework analysis techniques were used. Setting: community locations in the north and midlands of England. Participants Data were collected from 43 participants including individual interviews with people with P...
Sundby Johanne; Cham Mamady; Vangen Siri
Abstract Background Reduction of maternal mortality ratio by two-thirds by 2015 is an international development goal with unrestricted access to high quality emergency obstetric care services promoted towards the attainment of that goal. The objective of this qualitative study was to assess the availability and quality of emergency obstetric care services in Gambia's main referral hospital. Methods From weekend admissions a group of 30 women treated for different acute obstetric conditions in...
Lake, Eileen T; Hallowell, Sunny G; Kutney-Lee, Ann; Hatfield, Linda A; Del Guidice, Mary; Boxer, Bruce Alan; Ellis, Lauren N; Verica, Lindsey; Aiken, Linda H
The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) work environment, quality of care, safety, and patient outcomes. A secondary analysis was conducted of responses of 1247 NICU staff nurses in 171 hospitals to a large nurse survey. Better work environments were associated with lower odds of nurses reporting poor quality, safety, and outcomes. Improving the work environment may be a promising strategy to achieve safer settings for at-risk newborns. PMID:26262450
Smith, G. Rush; Williamson, Gail M.; Miller, L. Stephen; Schulz, Richard
This research examined longitudinal associations between caregiving stressors, caregiver depression, and quality of care. Informal caregivers of elderly care recipients were interviewed at baseline (N = 310) and again one year later (N = 213). Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that increases in caregiving stressors (i.e., caregiver physical health symptoms, caregiver activity restriction, and care recipient controlling and manipulative behavior) were related to increased caregiver de...
Ma, Jun; Xiao, Lan; Stafford, Randall S.
Nationally representative data are limited on the quality of care for obese patients in U.S. ambulatory care settings. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the 2005 and 2006 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, which for the first time, collected patient weights and heights during a representative sample of visits to U.S. private physician practices. We examined obesity screening, diagnosis and counseling during adult visits and associations with patient and provider characteristics...
Schyve, Paul M.
Effective communication with patients is critical to the safety and quality of care. Barriers to this communication include differences in language, cultural differences, and low health literacy. Evidence-based practices that reduce these barriers must be integrated into, rather than just added to, health care work processes.
Khan, Nada F; Mant, David; Rose, Peter W.
PURPOSE Previous research has shown that long-term cancer survivors with other chronic diseases may receive poorer care for those diseases compared with the general population. We sought to establish the quality of care for chronic diseases among cancer survivors in the United Kingdom.
Cartwright, Juliana C.; Miller, Lois; Volpin, Miriam
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe good quality care at the end of life (EOL) for hospice-enrolled residents in assisted living facilities (ALFs). Design and Methods: A qualitative descriptive design was used to obtain detailed descriptions of EOL care provided by ALF medication aides, caregivers, nurses, and hospice nurses in…
Andersen, Stig Ejdrup; Edfors, Kajsa
Bridging the primary and secondary sector, health-care centres aim to reduce morbidity and prevent further hospitalization in patients with chronic heart diseases. The aim of this study was to describe the quality of drug treatment in patients with chronic heart diseases in two Copenhagen health-care centres.
Taylor, M J; Porper, R W; Manji, S
Mergers and acquisitions among HMOs, hospitals and other health care providers can be disconcerting to benefits staff and employees, but they can be successfully managed. They may offer an employer the opportunity to improve the quality of care provided and to do so at reduced costs. PMID:10153603
Sosinsky, Laura; Halle, Tamara; Susman-Stillman, Amy; Cleveland, Jennifer; Li, Weilin
The Maryland-Minnesota Child Care Research Partnership brought together two states committed to examining critical issues in early care and education and using research findings to inform policy with an interdisciplinary team of researchers experienced in conducting studies on (1) subsidy policy; (2) quality improvement strategies; and (3)…
Corr, L.; Davis, E.; Cook, K.; Mackinnon, A.; Sims, M.; Herrman, H.
Family day-care (FDC) educators work autonomously to provide care and education for children of mixed ages, backgrounds and abilities. To meet the demands and opportunities of their work and regulatory requirements, educators need access to context-relevant and high quality information. No previous research has examined how and where these workersâ€¦
von dem Knesebeck Olaf
Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about the association between job stress and job performance among surgeons, although physicians' well-being could be regarded as an important quality indicator. This paper examines associations between psychosocial job stress and perceived health care quality among German clinicians in surgery. Methods Survey data of 1,311 surgeons from 489 hospitals were analysed. Psychosocial stress at work was measured by the effort-reward imbalance model (ERI and the demand-control model (job strain. The quality of health care was evaluated by physicians' self-assessed performance, service quality and error frequency. Data were collected in a nationwide standardised mail survey. 53% of the contacted hospitals sent back the questionnaire; the response rate of the clinicians in the participating hospitals was about 65%. To estimate the association between job stress and quality of care multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results Clinicians exposed to job stress have an increased risk of reporting suboptimal quality of care. Magnitude of the association varies depending on the respective job stress model and the indicator of health care quality used. Odds ratios, adjusted for gender, occupational position and job experience vary between 1.04 (CI 0.70-1.57 and 3.21 (CI 2.23-4.61. Conclusion Findings indicate that theoretical models of psychosocial stress at work can enrich the analysis of effects of working conditions on health care quality. Moreover, results suggest interventions for job related health promotion measures to improve the clinicians' working conditions, their quality of care and their patients' health.
Everton Fernando Alves
Full Text Available Objective: To identify aspects that affect the quality of life of nursing caregivers and their relationship with care in an Intensive Care Unit for Adults (A-ICU. Methods: This was a descriptive study with qualitative approach, taking as subjects 21 professionals who constitute the nursing staff of the A-ICU of a school hospital in Maringá-PR. Unstructured interview was used as a strategy to collect data, conducted between May and June 2009. Data analysis was based on the method of content analysis. The categories identified were: overlooking improvement in quality of life related to the resources in an A-ICU; the quality of life influencing the form of care; interpersonal relationships into the health team reflecting on the quality of life and care. Results: The analysis of caregivers’ speech and the results of the observation showed that there is correlation between the aspects they consider influential in their quality of life and the way of caring for patients in an A-ICU. Conclusion: The findings indicate that, among the influential aspects, the stressful factors overlap the enhancing ones. From this perspective, dealing with caregiver’s suffering might be the starting point for the improvement in quality of care in an A-ICU
Everton Fernando Alves
Full Text Available Objective: To identify aspects that affect the quality of life of nursing caregivers and their relationship with care in an Intensive Care Unit for Adults (A-ICU. Methods: This was a descriptive study with qualitative approach, taking as subjects 21 professionals who constitute the nursing staff of the A-ICU of a school hospital in Maringá-PR. Unstructured interview was used as a strategy to collect data, conducted between May and June 2009. Data analysis was based on the method of content analysis. The categories identified were: overlooking improvement in quality of life related to the resources in an A-ICU; the quality of life influencing the form of care; interpersonal relationships into the health team reflecting on the quality of life and care. Results: The analysis of caregivers’ speech and the results of the observation showed that there is correlation between the aspects they consider influential in their quality of life and the way of caring for patients in an A-ICU. Conclusion: The findings indicate that, among the influential aspects, the stressful factors overlap the enhancing ones. From this perspective, dealing with caregiver’s suffering might be the starting point for the improvement in quality of care in an A-ICU.
Guiry, Michael; Vequist, David G
The SERVQUAL scale has been widely used to measure service quality in the health care industry. This research is the first study that used SERVQUAL to assess U.S. medical tourists' expectations and perceptions of the service quality of health care facilities located outside the United States. Based on a sample of U.S. consumers, who had traveled abroad for medical care, the results indicated that there were significant differences between U.S. medical tourists' perceived level of service provided and their expectations of the service that should be provided for four of the five dimensions of service quality. Reliability had the largest service quality gap followed by assurance, tangibles, and empathy. Responsiveness was the only dimension without a significantly different gap score. The study establishes a foundation for future research on service quality in the rapidly growing medical tourism industry. PMID:21815742
Full Text Available Abstract Background Structured care is proposed as a lever for improving care for patients with chronic conditions. The purpose of this study was to explore the associations of structured care characteristics, derived from the Chronic Care Model, with health-related quality of life (HRQOL and optimal clinical management in chronic heart failure (CHF patients in primary care, as well as the association between optimal management and HRQOL. Methods Cross-sectional observational study using multi-level random-coefficient analyses of a representative sample of 357 patients diagnosed with CHF from 42 primary care practices in the Netherlands. We combined individual medical record data with patient and physician questionnaires. Results There was large variation in the levels and presence of structured care elements. A 91% of physicians indicated that next appointments for CHF patients were made immediately after visits, while 11% indicated that reminders on CHF management were periodically received in their practice. Few associations were found between the organizational characteristics and optimal treatment or HRQOL. Optimal pharmacological treatment related to better quality of life (Î² = -11.5, P P = .04. Conclusion HRQOL and treatment quality in CHF patients were not consistently associated with characteristics of structured care in primary care practices.
Hilda María Delgado Acosta
Full Text Available Background: assessment is a tool to improve quality of patient care. Objective: to assess the quality of care for patients with acute myocardial infarction admitted to the Gustavo Aldereguía Lima Hospital in Cienfuegos in June 2011. Methods: a research was conducted in health systems and services in which the following variables were analyzed: structures (human and material resources, processes (compliance with care protocols and results (impact on mortality. A formulary was applied to 22 patients; an observation guide was used to assess the existence of the human and material resources required for providing hospital care. Data were processed using SPSS 15,0 and they were expressed in absolute values and percentages. Results: concerning structure, there were enough essential material resources for providing medical care; problems with nursing staffing in the Cardiology Service were found. In pre-hospital care, difficulties were related to delayed presentation to consultation, aspirin prescriptions and non-performance of thrombolysis. In post-hospital care, most problems were in rehabilitation and modification of associated risk factors. In the hospital, there were difficulties in conducting ergometer tests at discharge and referring patients for rehabilitation in the health area. Conclusions: there are difficulties in quality of patient care that become more evident in primary health care.
Singer, P A; N. Macdonald
A physician who receives a call from the emergency department to see a patient with heart failure will have a clear framework within which to approach this problem. The thesis of this article is that physicians do not have an analogous conceptual framework for approaching end-of-life care. The authors present and describe a framework for end-of-life care with 3 main elements: control of pain and other symptoms, the use of life-sustaining treatments and support of those who are dying and their...
Full Text Available Abstract Background Maternal and perinatal mortality are major problems for which progress in sub-Saharan Africa has been inadequate, even though childbirth services are available, even in the poorest countries. Reducing them is the aim of two of the main Millennium Development Goals. Many initiatives have been undertaken to remedy this situation, such as the Advances in Labour and Risk Management (ALARM International Program, whose purpose is to improve the quality of obstetric services in low-income countries. However, few interventions have been evaluated, in this context, using rigorous methods for analyzing effectiveness in terms of health outcomes. The objective of this trial is to evaluate the effectiveness of the ALARM International Program (AIP in reducing maternal mortality in referral hospitals in Senegal and Mali. Secondary goals include evaluation of the relationships between effectiveness and resource availability, service organization, medical practices, and satisfaction among health personnel. Methods/Design This is an international, multi-centre, controlled cluster-randomized trial of a complex intervention. The intervention is based on the concept of evidence-based practice and on a combination of two approaches aimed at improving the performance of health personnel: 1 Educational outreach visits; and 2 the implementation of facility-based maternal death reviews. The unit of intervention is the public health facility equipped with a functional operating room. On the basis of consent provided by hospital authorities, 46 centres out of 49 eligible were selected in Mali and Senegal. Using randomization stratified by country and by level of care, 23 centres will be allocated to the intervention group and 23 to the control group. The intervention will last two years. It will be preceded by a pre-intervention one-year period for baseline data collection. A continuous clinical data collection system has been set up in all participating centres. This, along with the inventory of resources and the satisfaction surveys administered to the health personnel, will allow us to measure results before, during, and after the intervention. The overall rate of maternal mortality measured in hospitals during the post-intervention period (Year 4 is the primary outcome. The evaluation will also include cost-effectiveness. Trial Registration The QUARITE trial is registered on the Current Controlled Trials website under the number ISRCTN46950658 http://www.controlled-trials.com/.
Higgins, Philip C.; Prigerson, Holly G.
Purpose End-of-life (EOL) measures are limited in capturing caregiver assessment of the quality of EOL care. Because none include caregiver perception of patient suffering or prolongation of death, we sought to develop and validate the Caregiver Evaluation of Quality of End-of-Life Care (CEQUEL) scale to include these dimensions of caregiver-perceived quality of EOL care. Patients and Methods Data were derived from Coping with Cancer (CwC), a multisite, prospective, longitudinal study of adva...
Clauser, Steven B; Gayer, Christopher; Murphy, Elizabeth; Majhail, Navneet S; Baker, K Scott
More than a decade after the Institute of Medicine (IOM) first studied the quality of cancer care, obstacles to achieving high-quality care remain, and studies suggest that cancer care is often not as patient centered, accessible, coordinated, or evidence based as it could be. Patients, their families, and clinicians face a wide range of complex and often confusing choices regarding their health and health care concerns and require trustworthy information to decide which options are best for them. The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) strives to fund clinical comparative effectiveness research, guided by patients, caregivers, and the broader health care community, that will provide high-integrity, evidence-based information to help people make informed health care decisions. This mission is well aligned with the IOM's recent conceptual framework and corresponding recommendations that recognize that addressing the needs of patients with cancer and their families is the most important component of a high-quality cancer care delivery system. PCORI seeks the opportunity to partner with diverse interdisciplinary research teams who demonstrate a strong commitment to the inclusion and engagement of patients and stakeholders as they work to develop high-quality cancer care delivery systems. We see rich opportunities for such partnership in the cancer care community, given the wealth of well-established patient advocacy groups and organizations and cutting-edge research institutions, all of which are working toward the common goal of improving the quality of cancer care for patients and their families. This article and the project it describes provide an example of an avenue for advancing this goal. PMID:25852140
Orlando, Rocco; Haytaian, Marcia
The current state of health care and its reform will require physician leaders to take on greater management responsibilities, which will require a set of organizational and leadership competencies that traditional medical education does not provide. Physician leaders can form a bridge between the clinical and administrative sides of a health-care organization, serving to further the organization's strategy for growth and success. Recognizing that the health-care industry is rapidly changing and physician leaders will play a key role in that transformation, Hartford HealthCare has established a Physician Leadership Development Institute that provides advanced leadership skills and management education to select physicians practicing within the health-care system. PMID:23248866
Burchinal, Margaret; Nelson, Lauren; Carlson, Mary; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne
Research Findings: Using data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods, this article relates neighborhood characteristics to the type of child care used in families with toddlers and preschoolers (N = 1,121; representative of children in Chicago in 1996-1998). Neighborhood structural disadvantage was assessed via U.S. Census…
Puig, Andrea; José A. Pagán; Wong, Rebeca
Recent healthcare reform efforts in Mexico have focused on the need to improve the efficiency and equity of a fragmented healthcare system. In light of these reform initiatives, there is a need to assess whether healthcare subsystems are effective at providing high-quality healthcare to all Mexicans. Nationally representative household survey data from the 2006 Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición (National Health and Nutrition Survey) were used to assess perceived healthcare quality across...
Silver, Julie K; Raj, Vishwa S; Fu, Jack B; Wisotzky, Eric M; Smith, Sean Robinson; Kirch, Rebecca A
Palliative care and rehabilitation practitioners are important collaborative referral sources for each other who can work together to improve the lives of cancer patients, survivors, and caregivers by improving both quality of care and quality of life. Cancer rehabilitation and palliative care involve the delivery of important but underutilized medical services to oncology patients by interdisciplinary teams. These subspecialties are similar in many respects, including their focus on improving cancer-related symptoms or cancer treatment-related side effects, improving health-related quality of life, lessening caregiver burden, and valuing patient-centered care and shared decision-making. They also aim to improve healthcare efficiencies and minimize costs by means such as reducing hospital lengths of stay and unanticipated readmissions. Although their goals are often aligned, different specialized skills and approaches are used in the delivery of care. For example, while each specialty prioritizes goal-concordant care through identification of patient and family preferences and values, palliative care teams typically focus extensively on using patient and family communication to determine their goals of care, while also tending to comfort issues such as symptom management and spiritual concerns. Rehabilitation clinicians may tend to focus more specifically on functional issues such as identifying and treating deficits in physical, psychological, or cognitive impairments and any resulting disability and negative impact on quality of life. Additionally, although palliative care and rehabilitation practitioners are trained to diagnose and treat medically complex patients, rehabilitation clinicians also treat many patients with a single impairment and a low symptom burden. In these cases, the goal is often cure of the underlying neurologic or musculoskeletal condition. This report defines and describes cancer rehabilitation and palliative care, delineates their respective roles in comprehensive oncology care, and highlights how these services can contribute complementary components of essential quality care. An understanding of how cancer rehabilitation and palliative care are aligned in goal setting, but distinct in approach may help facilitate earlier integration of both into the oncology care continuum-supporting efforts to improve physical, psychological, cognitive, functional, and quality of life outcomes in patients and survivors. PMID:26314705
Cranley Lisa A
Full Text Available Abstract Background In Canada, healthcare aides (also referred to as nurse aides, personal support workers, nursing assistants are unregulated personnel who provide 70-80% of direct care to residents living in nursing homes. Although they are an integral part of the care team their contributions to the resident care planning process are not always acknowledged in the organization. The purpose of the Safer Care for Older Persons [in residential] Environments (SCOPE project was to evaluate the feasibility of engaging front line staff (primarily healthcare aides to use quality improvement methods to integrate best practices into resident care. This paper describes the process used by teams participating in the SCOPE project to select clinical improvement areas. Methods The study employed a collaborative approach to identify clinical areas and through consensus, teams selected one of three areas. To select the clinical areas we recruited two nursing homes not involved in the SCOPE project and sampled healthcare providers and decision-makers within them. A vote counting method was used to determine the top five ranked clinical areas for improvement. Results Responses received from stakeholder groups included gerontology experts, decision-makers, registered nurses, managers, and healthcare aides. The top ranked areas from highest to lowest were pain/discomfort management, behaviour management, depression, skin integrity, and assistance with eating. Conclusions Involving staff in selecting areas that they perceive as needing improvement may facilitate staff engagement in the quality improvement process.
Pooja Goyal; Deepak Kumar; Shivam Dixit; Suyesh Srivastav; Abhishek Singh
Background: In a health care system, patient's perception about quality is of utmost importance to understand the relationship between quality of care and utilization of health services. It is also treated as an outcome of health care delivery. The current study was planned to improve the quality of services rendered at tertiary care facilities by utilizing the clients' perception regarding the services. Methods: The present study was a hospital based, cross sectional type of descriptive ...
Harper, Amber; Dyches, Tina Taylor; Harper, James; Roper, Susanne Olsen; South, Mikle
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are at risk for having higher stress and lower marital quality than other parents. Survey data regarding respite care, marital quality, and daily hassles and uplifts were obtained from 101 mother-father dyads who were together raising at least one child with ASD (total # of children = 118).…
Harper, Amber; Dyches, Tina Taylor; Harper, James; Roper, Susanne Olsen; South, Mikle
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are at risk for having higher stress and lower marital quality than other parents. Survey data regarding respite care, marital quality, and daily hassles and uplifts were obtained from 101 mother-father dyads who were together raising at least one child with ASD (total # of childrenÂ =Â 118).â€¦
Cote, Sylvana M.; Mongeau, Chantal; Japel, Christa; Xu, Qian; Seguin, Jean R.; Tremblay, Richard E.
The associations between trajectories of child care quality from ages 2 to 4 years and children's cognitive performance at 4 years ("n" = 250) were tested. Distinct quality trajectories were identified: low and high ascending Teaching and Interactions trajectory; low and high Provision for Learning trajectory. Membership in the high ascending…
Harris, Nonie; Tinning, Beth
This article explores parents' and carers' experiences of accessing quality long day care in northern regional Australia. The data was gathered in 2009, after the collapse of ABC Developmental Learning Centres (herein referred to as ABC Learning) and before the implementation of the "National Quality Framework," and provides a snapshot of…