WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Improving quality of perinatal care through clinical audit : a study from a tertiary hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Perinatal audit has been tested and proved an important tool for reduction of perinatal mortality and assessment of quality of perinatal care. At Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), a tertiary hospital in Dar es salaam, Tanzania we performed a retrospective cross-sectional study using data from an obstetrics database to classify all perinatal deaths during 1999-2003. We also determined the prevalence of anaemia in pregnancy and its impact on perinatal outcome. Furthermore, we conducted a perin...

Kidanto, Hussein L.

2009-01-01

2

Perinatal Care in Canada  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Health Issue Canada's standard of perinatal care ranks among the highest in the world, but there is still room for improvement, both in terms of regional differences in care and global comparisons of approaches to care in Canada and elsewhere. Data from the Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System (CPSS) was used to evaluate morbidity and mortality among mothers and infants. Key Findings Maternal mortality rates in Canada dropped to 4.4 per 100,000 live b...

Chalmers Beverley; Wen Shi

2004-01-01

3

Guidelines for Perinatal Care. Second Edition.  

Science.gov (United States)

The basic concept emphasized in this book is that a coordinated, multidisciplinary approach within a regionalized system of perinatal care is a constant factor improving the quality of pregancy outcomes. This coordinated multidisciplinary approach has had an impact on perinatal care in three important areas: (1) improved and expanded understanding…

American Coll. of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Washington, DC.

4

Do Malawian women critically assess the quality of care? A qualitative study on women’s perceptions of perinatal care at a district hospital in Malawi  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Malawi has a high perinatal mortality rate of 40 deaths per 1,000 births. To promote neonatal health, the Government of Malawi has identified essential health care packages for improving maternal and neonatal health in health care facilities. However, regardless of the availability of health services, women’s perceptions of the care is important as it influences whether the women will or will not use the services. In Malawi 95% of pregnant women receive antenatal care from skilled attendants, but the number is reduced to 71% deliveries being conducted by skilled attendants. The objective of this study was to describe women’s perceptions on perinatal care among the women delivered at a district hospital. Methods A descriptive study design with qualitative data collection and analysis methods. Data were collected through face-to-face in-depth interviews using semi-structured interview guides collecting information on women’s perceptions on perinatal care. A total of 14 in depth interviews were conducted with women delivering at Chiradzulu District Hospital from February to March 2011. The women were asked how they perceived the care they received from health workers during antepartum, intrapartum and postpartum. They were also asked about the information they received during provision of care. Data were manually analyzed using thematic analysis. Results Two themes from the study were good care and unsatisfactory care. Subthemes under good care were: respect, confidentiality, privacy and normal delivery. Providers’ attitude, delay in providing care, inadequate care, and unavailability of delivery attendants were subthemes under unsatisfactory care. Conclusions Although the results show that women wanted to be well received at health facilities, respected, treated with kindness, dignity and not shouted at, they were not critical of the care they received. The women did not know the quality of care to expect because they were not well informed. The women were not critical of the care they received because they were not aware of the standard of care. Instead they had low expectations. Health workers have a responsibility to inform women and their families about the care that women should expect. There is also a need for standardization of the antenatal information that is provided.

Kumbani Lily C

2012-11-01

5

A literature review on integrated perinatal care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Context: The perinatal period is one during which health care services are in high demand. Like other health care sub-sectors, perinatal health care delivery has undergone significant changes in recent years, such as the integrative wave that has swept through the health care industry since the early 1990s. Purpose: The present study aims at reviewing scholarly work on integrated perinatal care to provide support for policy decision-making. Results: Researchers interested in integrated perinatal care have, by assessing the effectiveness of individual clinical practices and intervention programs, mainly addressed issues of continuity of care and clinical and professional integration. Conclusions: Improvements in perinatal health care delivery appear related not to structurally integrated health care delivery systems, but to organizing modalities that aim to support woman-centred care and cooperative clinical practice.

Charo Rodríguez

2007-07-01

6

A literature review on integrated perinatal care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Context: The perinatal period is one during which health care services are in high demand. Like other health care sub-sectors, perinatal health care delivery has undergone significant changes in recent years, such as the integrative wave that has swept through the health care industry since the early 1990s. Purpose: The present study aims at reviewing scholarly work on integrated perinatal care to provide support for policy decision-making. Results: Researchers interested in integrated perinatal care have, by assessing the effectiveness of individual clinical practices and intervention programs, mainly addressed issues of continuity of care and clinical and professional integration. Conclusions: Improvements in perinatal health care delivery appear related not to structurally integrated health care delivery systems, but to organizing modalities that aim to support woman-centred care and cooperative clinical practice.

Rivières-Pigeon, Catherine des

2007-01-01

7

The impact of transmural multiprofessional simulation-based obstetric team training on perinatal outcome and quality of care in the Netherlands  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Perinatal mortality and morbidity in the Netherlands is relatively high compared to other European countries. Our country has a unique system with an independent primary care providing care to low-risk pregnancies and a secondary/tertiary care responsible for high-risk pregnancies. About 65% of pregnant women in the Netherlands will be referred from primary to secondary care implicating multiple medical handovers. Dutch audits concluded that in the entire obstetric collaborative network process parameters could be improved. Studies have shown that obstetric team training improves perinatal outcome and that simulation-based obstetric team training implementing crew resource management (CRM) improves team performance. In addition, deliberate practice (DP) improves medical skills. The aim of this study is to analyse whether transmural multiprofessional simulation-based obstetric team training improves perinatal outcome. Methods/Design The study will be implemented in the south-eastern part of the Netherlands with an annual delivery rate of over 9,000. In this area secondary care is provided by four hospitals. Each hospital with referring primary care practices will form a cluster (study group). Within each cluster, teams will be formed of different care providers representing the obstetric collaborative network. CRM and elements of DP will be implemented in the training. To analyse the quality of care as perceived by patients, the Pregnancy and Childbirth Questionnaire (PCQ) will be used. Furthermore, self-reported collaboration between care providers will be assessed. Team performance will be measured by the Clinical Teamwork Scale (CTS). We employ a stepped-wedge trial design with a sequential roll-out of the trainings for the different study groups. Primary outcome will be perinatal mortality and/or admission to a NICU. Secondary outcome will be team performance, quality of care as perceived by patients, and collaboration among care providers. Conclusion The effect of transmural multiprofessional simulation-based obstetric team training on perinatal outcome has never been studied. We hypothesise that this training will improve perinatal outcome, team performance, and quality of care as perceived by patients and care providers. Trial registration The Netherlands National Trial Register, http://www.trialregister.nl/NTR4576, registered June 1, 2014 PMID:25145317

2014-01-01

8

Avaliação da qualidade da informação do Sistema de Informação Perinatal (SIP-CLAP /OPAS para monitoramento da assistência perinatal hospitalar, Belo Horizonte, 2004 Assessment of the quality of information from the Perinatal Information System (SIP-CLAP/OPAS used to monitor hospital perinatal care, Belo Horizonte, 2004  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a qualidade da informação do SIP-CLAP/OPAS em maternidades de Belo Horizonte. MÉTODOS: para avaliação da completude foi analisada amostra aleatória sistemática de 562 formulários SIP e prontuários médicos correspondentes, coletados durante a assistência em duas maternidades, em 2004. Uma subamostra de 20% foi utilizada para avaliação da confiabilidade do banco de dados eletrônico do programa. Foram calculadas proporções de completude antes e após resgate da informação disponível em prontuário, e o índice Kappa e o coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (ICC, com nível de significância de 5%, para análise da concordância. RESULTADOS: a completude de variáveis do SIP durante a assistência foi em média 72% no Hospital 1 e 86% no Hospital 2. O ganho médio percentual após busca da informação em prontuários foi de 18% e 7%, respectivamente. Foram observados índices muito bons de concordância nos dois hospitais. CONCLUSÕES: o SIP-CLAP representa uma alternativa para monitoramento da assistência hospitalar perinatal, mas apresenta problemas para sua utilização adequada, pois a completude avaliada durante a assistência não foi satisfatória. São necessários investimentos para o aprimoramento do programa nos hospitais, fundamentais para obtenção de indicadores essenciais para a qualificação da assistência hospitalar ao parto e nascimento.OBJECTIVE: to assess the quality of information from the SIP-CLAP/OPAS in maternity hospitals in Belo Horizonte. METHODS: completeness was assessed by analyzing a systematic random sample of 562 SIP forms and the corresponding medical records, collected while care was being given at two maternity hospitals in 2004. A sub-sample of 20% was used to evaluate the reliability of the program's electronic database. Proportions were calculated for completeness before and after recovery of information available on medical records, along with the kappa index and the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC, with a level of significance of 5%, for analysis of agreement. RESULTS: the completeness of SIP variables while care was being given was on average 72% in Hospital 1 and 86% in Hospital 2. The average increase after recovering the information in medical records was of 18% and 7%, respectively. A good level of agreement was found at both hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: although the SIP-CLAP represents an alternative way of monitoring perinatal hospital care, there are still some problems regarding it's adequate use, as completeness of the data evaluated during care was not completely satisfactory. Investments are necessary to improve the program's use in hospitals, in order to obtain essential indicators to qualify perinatal hospital care.

Maria Albertina Santiago Rego

2009-09-01

9

Perinatal home care: one entrepreneur's experience.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nurses have responded to the entrepreneurial movement by entering into various nontraditional roles and starting their own businesses. This article describes the author's experience in establishing a perinatal home-care business. The characteristics of women and nurse entrepreneurs are discussed, as are the components of a business plan and how to manage a business. PMID:7836999

Eaton, D G

1994-10-01

10

Perinatal Care for Women Who Are Addicted: Implications for Empowerment.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores societal responses to perinatal drug abuse, including stigmatic attitudes and behaviors of health care workers. Empowering strategies are suggested by which social workers and clients can potentially redefine perinatal drug abuse as a health problem rather than a legal issue and improve the environment in which perinatal care

Carter, Carolyn S.

2002-01-01

11

Community Conversations with Parents to Improve Perinatal Care  

Science.gov (United States)

The state of Indiana took a unique approach to developing a statewide plan to improve perinatal health outcomes by engaging parents in a series of focus groups, called Community Conversations in Perinatal Care (CCPC), to hear directly from consumers about their health care experiences and needs. Recognizing that disparities exist among different…

Martin, Joanne

2007-01-01

12

Applying a science-based method to improve perinatal care: the institute for healthcare improvement perinatal improvement community.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Institute for Healthcare Improvement applies a systems-focused, science-based approach to improving perinatal care. This approach is based on the pioneering work in quality improvement and statistical process control performed by Walter Shewhart and W. Edwards Deming, and it uses the Model for Improvement, a simple and effective tool for accelerating improvement. In 2008, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement articulated a Triple Aim for improvement-better care, better health for populations, and lower per capita costs. The Triple Aim has become a guiding framework throughout health care and also guides much of the work of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement's collaborative effort to improve perinatal care-the Perinatal Improvement Community-is an ideal example of work that pursues all three dimensions of the Triple Aim. The improvement method used in the community creates the foundation for the kind of cultural transformation that Perinatal Improvement Community leaders and participants have learned is necessary to make significant and lasting change. Using a systems-focused and science-based approach to improvement equips obstetricians and gynecologists with the knowledge, skills, and tools they need to improve the systems of care they work in so they can deliver the best evidence-based care to all of their patients, all of the time. PMID:25198257

Bisognano, Maureen; Cherouny, Peter H; Gullo, Sue

2014-10-01

13

Control prenatal vs resultado obstétrico perinatal / Prenatal care vs obstetric outcome perinatal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La cobertura del control prenatal, calidad, y atención del parto se refleja en la resolución obstétrica como en la morbi-mortalidad del binomio madre-hijo. Esta investigación aborda el problema del impacto de los controles prenatales sobre el resultado obstétrico y perinatal. Objetivo: conocer el im [...] pacto del control prenatal sobre los resultados obstétricos obtenidos. Material y método: mediante un estudio de cohortes reconstruidas en una población obtenida azarosamente por conglomerados diarios en el transcurso del mes de junio (2010), se obtuvieron 419 puérperas. El material de investigación fue el binomio madre-hijo. Algunas variables estudiadas fueron: edad, control prenatal, número de consultas, peso, talla, tensión arterial, medición fondo uterino, forma de término del embarazo, peso del producto, sexo, apgar, destino del producto, complicaciones maternas, etc. Se utilizo en el programa estadístico Riesgo® y Primer® obteniéndose el RR, RR con intervalo de confianza al 95%. Resultados. Se analizaron 395 productos mayores de 20 semanas y 35 menores, de los productos mayores de 20 semanas (f=355) tuvieron sus madres control prenatal (89.87%) y 40 no lo tuvieron (10.13%), las distocias fueron más frecuentes en las madres con control prenatal, X²=7.73 RR=1.45 IC95% 1.11-1.90, las complicaciones maternas tuvieron proporciones similares en madres con y sin control prenatal X² = 0.0091RR=0.96, diferencia de proporciones p=0.899, la enfermedad hipertensiva del embarazo fue la complicación mas frecuente (74.6% de ellas) sin haber diferencia entre las madres que tuvieron o no control prenatal X² =0.0010. Conclusión: Los resultados obtenidos señalan que en este grupo estudiado, en particular, la presencia del control prenatal no representó un factor que ayude a una resolución obstétrica y perinatal favorable, excepto en la prevención de la macrosomía. Abstract in english The coverage of prenatal care, quality and delivery care is reflected in the resolution as obstetric morbidity andmortality of mother and child. This research addresses the issue of the impact of prenatal care on the obstetric and perinatal outcome. Objective: To determine the impact of prenatal car [...] e on obstetric out comes achieved. Material and method: using a reconstructed cohort study in a population cluster randomly obtained daily duringthe month of June (2010), 419 were women in labour. The research material was the mother-child. Some ofthe studied variables were age, prenatal care, number of visits, weight, height, blood pressure, fundalmeasurement, method of pregnancy termination, product weight, sex, apgar, destination of the product, maternal complications, etc. It was used in the statistical program Primer® Risk® obtaining the RR, RR with aconfidence interval of 95%. Results: 395 products were analysed over 20 weeks and 35 children, of the goods over 20 weeks (f = 355) mothers had prenatal care (89.87%) and 40 did not have it (10.13%), dystocia were more common in mothers with prenatal care, X² = 7.73 RR = 1.45 95% CI 1.11-1.90, maternal complications were similar proportions in mothers with and without prenatal X² = 0.0091 RR = 0.96, difference in proportions p = 0.899, hypertensive disease of pregnancy was the most frequent complication (74.6% of them) without difference between themothers had no prenatal care or X² = 0.0010. Conclusion: Our results indicate that in this particular group studied, the presence of prenatal care is not afactor that helps an obstetric resolution and favourable perinatal, except for the macrosomia prevention.

R.M., Rico Venegas; V.M., Ramos Frausto; P.C., Martínez.

2012-07-01

14

Control prenatal vs resultado obstétrico perinatal / Prenatal care vs obstetric outcome perinatal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La cobertura del control prenatal, calidad, y atención del parto se refleja en la resolución obstétrica como en la morbi-mortalidad del binomio madre-hijo. Esta investigación aborda el problema del impacto de los controles prenatales sobre el resultado obstétrico y perinatal. Objetivo: conocer el im [...] pacto del control prenatal sobre los resultados obstétricos obtenidos. Material y método: mediante un estudio de cohortes reconstruidas en una población obtenida azarosamente por conglomerados diarios en el transcurso del mes de junio (2010), se obtuvieron 419 puérperas. El material de investigación fue el binomio madre-hijo. Algunas variables estudiadas fueron: edad, control prenatal, número de consultas, peso, talla, tensión arterial, medición fondo uterino, forma de término del embarazo, peso del producto, sexo, apgar, destino del producto, complicaciones maternas, etc. Se utilizo en el programa estadístico Riesgo® y Primer® obteniéndose el RR, RR con intervalo de confianza al 95%. Resultados. Se analizaron 395 productos mayores de 20 semanas y 35 menores, de los productos mayores de 20 semanas (f=355) tuvieron sus madres control prenatal (89.87%) y 40 no lo tuvieron (10.13%), las distocias fueron más frecuentes en las madres con control prenatal, X²=7.73 RR=1.45 IC95% 1.11-1.90, las complicaciones maternas tuvieron proporciones similares en madres con y sin control prenatal X² = 0.0091RR=0.96, diferencia de proporciones p=0.899, la enfermedad hipertensiva del embarazo fue la complicación mas frecuente (74.6% de ellas) sin haber diferencia entre las madres que tuvieron o no control prenatal X² =0.0010. Conclusión: Los resultados obtenidos señalan que en este grupo estudiado, en particular, la presencia del control prenatal no representó un factor que ayude a una resolución obstétrica y perinatal favorable, excepto en la prevención de la macrosomía. Abstract in english The coverage of prenatal care, quality and delivery care is reflected in the resolution as obstetric morbidity andmortality of mother and child. This research addresses the issue of the impact of prenatal care on the obstetric and perinatal outcome. Objective: To determine the impact of prenatal car [...] e on obstetric out comes achieved. Material and method: using a reconstructed cohort study in a population cluster randomly obtained daily duringthe month of June (2010), 419 were women in labour. The research material was the mother-child. Some ofthe studied variables were age, prenatal care, number of visits, weight, height, blood pressure, fundalmeasurement, method of pregnancy termination, product weight, sex, apgar, destination of the product, maternal complications, etc. It was used in the statistical program Primer® Risk® obtaining the RR, RR with aconfidence interval of 95%. Results: 395 products were analysed over 20 weeks and 35 children, of the goods over 20 weeks (f = 355) mothers had prenatal care (89.87%) and 40 did not have it (10.13%), dystocia were more common in mothers with prenatal care, X² = 7.73 RR = 1.45 95% CI 1.11-1.90, maternal complications were similar proportions in mothers with and without prenatal X² = 0.0091 RR = 0.96, difference in proportions p = 0.899, hypertensive disease of pregnancy was the most frequent complication (74.6% of them) without difference between themothers had no prenatal care or X² = 0.0010. Conclusion: Our results indicate that in this particular group studied, the presence of prenatal care is not afactor that helps an obstetric resolution and favourable perinatal, except for the macrosomia prevention.

R.M., Rico Venegas; V.M., Ramos Frausto; P.C., Martínez.

15

Survivors of childhood sexual abuse: implications for perinatal nursing care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Childhood sexual abuse has a lifelong impact on its survivors and may affect the childbearing experience in a variety of ways. Nurses caring for women during the perinatal period can benefit from understanding the phenomenon of child sexual abuse, its prevalence, and the sequelae experienced by childbearing women. Signs, symptoms, and correlates of prior sexual abuse manifested during the perinatal period are described, and nursing care responses are suggested. Nurses may be able to use this information to recognize survivors and facilitate both a positive childbirth experience and the healing process, by helping the survivor learn to trust, respect, and care for her body. PMID:15346674

Hobbins, Debra

2004-01-01

16

Mortalidade perinatal por sífilis congênita: indicador da qualidade da atenção à mulher e à criança Perinatal mortality due to congenital syphilis: a quality-of-care indicator for women's and children's healthcare  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A sífilis permanece como causa importante de mortalidade perinatal no Município do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, onde o presente estudo foi realizado utilizando os dados do Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade e das Fichas de Notificação e Investigação de Óbitos Fetais e Neonatais, obrigatórias para as maternidades municipais. Entre 1996 e 1998, a sífilis congênita foi responsável por 13,1% dos óbitos fetais e 6,5% dos neonatais nas maternidades municipais. Entre 1999 e 2002, os percentuais foram de 16,2% e 7,9%, respectivamente. Para o Município do Rio de Janeiro, de 1999 a 2002, os percentuais foram 5,4% e 2,2%, para óbitos fetais e neonatais. A taxa de mortalidade perinatal por sífilis congênita permanece estável no Município do Rio de Janeiro apesar dos esforços iniciados com as campanhas para eliminação do agravo em 1999 e 2000. Propomos a utilização da taxa de mortalidade perinatal por sífilis congênita como indicador de impacto das ações de controle e eliminação da sífilis congênita e sugerimos a utilização das fichas de notificação e investigação de óbitos fetais e neonatais para a vigilância de outros agravos evitáveis.Syphilis is a persistent cause of perinatal mortality in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where this study was performed using data from the mortality data system and investigational reports for fetal and neonatal deaths, mandatory in municipal maternity hospitals. From 1996 to 1998, 13.1% of fetal deaths and 6.5% of neonatal deaths in municipal maternity hospitals were due to congenital syphilis. From 1999 to 2002, the proportions were 16.2% and 7.9%, respectively. For the city of Rio de Janeiro as a whole from 1999 and 2002, the proportions were 5.4% of fetal deaths and 2.2% of neonatal deaths. The perinatal mortality rate due to congenital syphilis remains stable in Rio de Janeiro, despite efforts initiated with congenital syphilis elimination campaigns in 1999 and 2000. We propose that the perinatal mortality rate due to congenital syphilis be used as an impact indicator for activities to control and eliminate congenital syphilis, based on the investigational reports for fetal and neonatal deaths. Such reports could be extended to the surveillance of other avoidable perinatal disease outcomes.

Valéria Saraceni

2005-08-01

17

Outcomes of Regionalized Perinatal Care in Washington State  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We evaluated the extent to which the regionalization of perinatal care in Washington State has succeeded in concentrating high-risk pregnancies in technologically appropriate referral centers and in reducing differences in neonatal outcome among hospitals. Of all infants weighing less than 1,500 grams born between 1980 and 1983, nearly 68% were delivered in level III hospitals, although only 24% of all babies are born in these hospitals, indicating that the state is highly regionalized. Neona...

Rosenblatt, Roger A.; Mayfield, Jennifer A.; Hart, L. Gary; Baldwin, Laura M.

1988-01-01

18

Antenatal care and perinatal outcomes in Kwale district, Kenya  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The importance of antenatal care (ANC for improving perinatal outcomes is well established. However access to ANC in Kenya has hardly changed in the past 20 years. This study aims to identify the determinants of attending ANC and the association between attendance and behavioural and perinatal outcomes (live births and healthy birthweight for women in the Kwale region of Kenya. Method A Cohort survey of 1,562 perinatal outcomes (response rate 100% during 2004–05 in the catchment areas for five Ministry of Health dispensaries in two divisions of the Kwale region. The associations between background and behavioural decisions on ANC attendance and perinatal outcomes were explored using univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression models with backwards-stepwise elimination. The outputs from these analyses were reported as odds ratios (OR with 95% confidence intervals (CI. Results Only 32% (506/1,562 of women reported having any ANC. Women with secondary education or above (adjusted OR 1.83; 95% CI 1.06–3.15 were more likely to attend for ANC, while those living further than 5 km from a dispensary were less likely to attend (OR 0.29; 95% CI 0.22–0.39. Paradoxically, however, the number of ANC visits increased with distance from the dispensary (OR 1.46; 95% CI 1.33–1.60. Women attending ANC at least twice were more likely to have a live birth (vs. stillbirth in both multivariate models. Women attending for two ANC visits (but not more than two were more likely to have a healthy weight baby (OR 4.39; 95% CI 1.36–14.15. Conclusion The low attendance for ANC, combined with a positive relationship between attendance and perinatal outcomes for the women in the Kwale region highlight the need for further research to understand reasons for attendance and non-attendance and also for strategies to be put in place to improve attendance for ANC.

Khan Khalid

2008-01-01

19

Are some perinatal deaths in immigrant groups linked to sub-optimal perinatal care services? Perinatal audit of infants to women from Africa’s Horn delivered in Sweden 1990-96  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: To test the hypothesis that sub-optimal factors in perinatal care services resulting in perinatal deaths were more common among immigrant mothers from the Horn of Africa, as compared to Swedish mothers. Design: A perinatal audit, comparing cases of perinatal deaths among children of African immigrants residing in Sweden, with a stratified sample of cases among native Swedish women. Setting: Sixty-three cases of perinatal deaths among immigrant east Afr...

Esse?n, Birgitta; Bo?dker, Birgit; Sjo?berg, Nils-otto; Langhoff-roos, Jens; Greisen, Gorm; Gudmundsson, Saemundur; O?stergren, Per-olof

2002-01-01

20

Preference-based approaches to measuring the benefits of perinatal care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies that measure benefits of health care interventions in natural or physical units cannot incorporate the several health changes that might occur within a single measure, and they overlook individuals' preferences for those health changes. This paper discusses and critically appraises the application of preference-based approaches to the measurement of the benefits of perinatal care that have developed out of economic theory. These include quality adjusted life year (QALY)-based approaches, monetary-based approaches, and discrete choice experiments. QALY-based approaches use scaling techniques, such as the rating scale, standard gamble approach, and time trade-off approach, or multi-attribute utility measures, to measure the health-related quality of life weights of health states. Monetary-based approaches include the revealed preference approach, which involves observing decisions that individuals actually make concerning health risks, and the willingness-to-pay approach, which provides a framework for investigating individuals' willingness to pay for benefits of health care interventions. Discrete choice experiments describe health care interventions in terms of their attributes, and elicit preferences for scenarios that combine different levels of those attributes. Empirical examples are used to illustrate each preference-based approach to benefit measurement, and several methodological issues raised by the application of these approaches to the perinatal context are discussed. Particular attention is given to identifying the relevant attributes to incorporate into the measurement instrument, appropriate respondents for the measurement exercise, potential sources of bias in description and valuation processes, and the practicality, reliability, and validity of alternative measurement approaches. The paper's conclusion is that researchers should be explicit and rigorous in their application of preference-based approaches to benefit measurement in the context of perinatal care. PMID:14992152

Petrou, Stavros; Henderson, Jane

2003-12-01

 
 
 
 
21

Cuidado perinatal según la opinión de las mujeres procedentes de la región de Podkarpacie (Polonia) / Perinatal care in the opinion of residents of the village of Podkarpacie (Poland)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La última década ha traído modificaciones importantes en la atención perinatal en Polonia con los cambios propuestos por la OMS. Sin embargo, la introducción de cualquier cambio se enfrenta a obstáculos inherentes a las actitudes de las mujeres, así como la reticencia del personal. Objetivo principa [...] l: Conocer la opinión de las habitantes de las aldeas en cuanto a la atención perinatal se refiere y evaluar determinados aspectos de la calidad de la atención obstétrica. Metodología: La muestra fue de 250 residentes seleccionadas al azar de la región de Podkarpacie (Polonia), entre 18 y 60 años de edad que tenían al menos un hijo. Se realizó un cuestionario original llevándose a cabo el estudio en 2010. Resultados y conclusión principal: Aquellas mujeres cuyos nacimientos fueron menos intervenidos evaluaron mejor los servicios obstétricos. Un aspecto significativo fue la comodidad y seguridad, gracias a la continuidad de la atención prestada por el mismo equipo terapéutico. Abstract in english The last decade has brought significant changes in perinatal care in Poland with the changes proposed by the WHO. However, the introduction of any changes has been facing obstacles inherent in the attitudes of both women, as well as the routine approach of staff. Objective: To learn about the inhabi [...] tants of the village of perinatal care and the evaluation of selected aspects of quality of obstetric care. Methods: The sample consisted of 250 randomly selected residents of Podkarpacie region (Poland), aged 18-60 years of age, with at least one child. Original questionnaire was conducted by the study taking place in 2010. Results and Conclusions: Those women, whose births were less surgery, had the best evaluation of obstetric services. A significant aspect of obstetric care which is the comfort and security of labor in the hospital, thanks to the continuity of care provided by the same therapeutic team.

Laura, Lorén Guerrero; Edyta, Barna& #347; ; Karolina, Kochma& #324; ska; Dominika, Pasierb; Renata, Ra& #347; ; Elzbieta, Porada.

22

Cuidado perinatal según la opinión de las mujeres procedentes de la región de Podkarpacie (Polonia) / Perinatal care in the opinion of residents of the village of Podkarpacie (Poland)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La última década ha traído modificaciones importantes en la atención perinatal en Polonia con los cambios propuestos por la OMS. Sin embargo, la introducción de cualquier cambio se enfrenta a obstáculos inherentes a las actitudes de las mujeres, así como la reticencia del personal. Objetivo principa [...] l: Conocer la opinión de las habitantes de las aldeas en cuanto a la atención perinatal se refiere y evaluar determinados aspectos de la calidad de la atención obstétrica. Metodología: La muestra fue de 250 residentes seleccionadas al azar de la región de Podkarpacie (Polonia), entre 18 y 60 años de edad que tenían al menos un hijo. Se realizó un cuestionario original llevándose a cabo el estudio en 2010. Resultados y conclusión principal: Aquellas mujeres cuyos nacimientos fueron menos intervenidos evaluaron mejor los servicios obstétricos. Un aspecto significativo fue la comodidad y seguridad, gracias a la continuidad de la atención prestada por el mismo equipo terapéutico. Abstract in english The last decade has brought significant changes in perinatal care in Poland with the changes proposed by the WHO. However, the introduction of any changes has been facing obstacles inherent in the attitudes of both women, as well as the routine approach of staff. Objective: To learn about the inhabi [...] tants of the village of perinatal care and the evaluation of selected aspects of quality of obstetric care. Methods: The sample consisted of 250 randomly selected residents of Podkarpacie region (Poland), aged 18-60 years of age, with at least one child. Original questionnaire was conducted by the study taking place in 2010. Results and Conclusions: Those women, whose births were less surgery, had the best evaluation of obstetric services. A significant aspect of obstetric care which is the comfort and security of labor in the hospital, thanks to the continuity of care provided by the same therapeutic team.

Laura, Lorén Guerrero; Edyta, Barna& #347; ; Karolina, Kochma& #324; ska; Dominika, Pasierb; Renata, Ra& #347; ; Elzbieta, Porada.

2014-06-01

23

Does a Belief in a "Just World" Affect Health Care Providers' Reactions to Perinatal Illness?  

Science.gov (United States)

A test was used to assess the degree to which pediatricians and nurses specializing in perinatal care believe in a just world in which good is rewarded and evil is punished. Results indicate that the cause of some perinatal problems are more likely to be attributed to parents by health providers with a greater belief in a just world. (JMD)

Clyman, Ronald I.; And Others

1980-01-01

24

[Prevention of perinatal depression and anxiety with periconceptional care].  

Science.gov (United States)

In the public mind, pregnancy, childbirth and newborn care is one of the most wonderful living experiences. However, epidemiological studies have shown that the risks of psychiatric disorders in the perinatal period are multiplying. Pregnancy entails with dramatic physical, mental and social role changing. The birth is a big, irreversible life event, and it should also be nominated as "rite of passage". This process represents a normative crisis during life, which needs new coping mechanisms to be developed. The stress and anxiety during the development of the fetus causes negative consequences in the short and long-term and it causes dangerous complications for the mother, too. During postpartum period, the incidence of major depression is approximately 15-20% that most frequently occurs within 6 months after birth but until the child is 2 years old it can develop any time. Serious risks of the postpartum depression are suicide and infanticide. In addition, it also represents serious teratogenic effects of cognitive and psychomotor development of children. It makes harder to recognize that the symptoms are largely the same as in any other stage of depression occurring during lifetime, but some of the symptoms compliant of normal pregnancy and the postpartum period. In addition, the majorities of women recognize heavily the problem and visit a doctor, because based of social expectations they should feel happiness. After the disclosure of risk factors and securing preventive conditions, preparing to be a mother is effective in prevention of development of perinatal depression. The effective therapy is primarily based on the coaching approach, and requires multi-directional approach. PMID:21592949

Eros, Erika; Hajós, Anett

2011-06-01

25

The impact of centralization of obstetric care resources in Japan on the perinatal mortality rate.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective. We investigated the effects of the centralization of obstetricians and obstetric care facilities on the perinatal mortality rate in Japan. Methods. We used the Gini coefficient as an index to represent the centralization of obstetricians and obstetric care facilities. The Gini coefficients were calculated for the number of obstetricians and obstetric care facilities of 47 prefectures using secondary medical care zones as units. To measure the effects of the centralization of obstetricians and obstetric care facilities on the outcomes (perinatal mortality rates), we performed multiple regression analysis using the perinatal mortality rate as the dependent variable. Results. Obstetric care facilities were more evenly distributed than obstetricians. The perinatal mortality rate was found to be significantly negatively correlated with the number of obstetricians per capita and the Gini coefficient of obstetric care facilities. The latter had a slightly stronger effect on the perinatal mortality rate. Conclusion. The centralization of obstetric care facilities can improve the perinatal mortality rate, even when increasing the number of obstetricians is difficult. PMID:24167731

Sudo, Akira; Kuroda, Yoshiki

2013-01-01

26

Care and cure: Compete or collaborate? Improving inter-organizational designs in healthcare. A case study in Dutch perinatal care  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This research aims to contribute to the development of theory regarding inter-organizational designs for these care-cure conditions through a combination of case study research and simulation. The case setting chosen is that of perinatal care in the Netherlands. The research consists of three phases and combines both qualitative and quantitative methods (mixed methods approach). The first phase focuses on what goes wrong in Dutch perinatal care (what-question). The second phase focuses on und...

Pieters, A. J. H. M.

2013-01-01

27

77 FR 286 - Medicaid Program: Initial Core Set of Health Care Quality Measures for Medicaid-Eligible Adults  

Science.gov (United States)

...supreg]. Postpartum Care: Postpartum Care Rate (second component...Timeliness of Prenatal Care,'' State would now...Quality Measurement and Health Assessment Group. HCA...Hospitals/National Perinatal Information...

2012-01-04

28

The Community Perinatal Care Study: Home Visiting and Nursing Support for Pregnant Women  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes The Community Perinatal Care Study, a community-based study of pregnancy support that was conducted in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, between 2001 and 2004. The study was conducted to learn how to improve community-based pregnancy care and to improve prenatal care and healthy births, particularly for women with increased…

Johnston, David; Tough, Suzanne; Siever, Jodi

2006-01-01

29

Association of antenatal care with facility delivery and perinatal survival – a population-based study in Bangladesh  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Antenatal Care (ANC during pregnancy can play an important role in the uptake of evidence-based services vital to the health of women and their infants. Studies report positive effects of ANC on use of facility-based delivery and perinatal mortality. However, most existing studies are limited to cross-sectional surveys with long recall periods, and generally do not include population-based samples. Methods This study was conducted within the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b in Matlab, Bangladesh. The HDSS area is divided into an icddr,b service area (SA where women and children receive care from icddr,b health facilities, and a government SA where people receive care from government facilities. In 2007, a new Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health (MNCH program was initiated in the icddr,b SA that strengthened the ongoing maternal and child health services including ANC. We estimated the association of ANC with facility delivery and perinatal mortality using prospectively collected data from 2005 to 2009. Using a before-after study design, we also determined the role of ANC services on reduction of perinatal mortality between the periods before (2005 – 2006 and after (2008–2009 implementation of the MNCH program. Results Antenatal care visits were associated with increased facility-based delivery in the icddr,b and government SAs. In the icddr,b SA, the adjusted odds of perinatal mortality was about 2-times higher (odds ratio (OR 1.91; 95% confidence intervals (CI: 1.50, 2.42 among women who received ?1 ANC compared to women who received ?3 ANC visits. No such association was observed in the government SA. Controlling for ANC visits substantially reduced the observed effect of the intervention on perinatal mortality (OR 0.64; 95% CI: 0.52, 0.78 to non-significance (OR 0.81; 95% CI: 0.65, 1.01, when comparing cohorts before and after the MNCH program initiation (Sobel test of mediation P Conclusions ANC visits are associated with increased uptake of facility-based delivery and improved perinatal survival in the icddr,b SA. Further testing of the icddr,b approach to simultaneously improving quality of ANC and facility delivery care is needed in the existing health system in Bangladesh and in other low-income countries to maximize health benefits to mothers and newborns.

Pervin Jesmin

2012-10-01

30

Regional perinatal mortality differences in the Netherlands; care is the question  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Perinatal mortality is an important indicator of health. European comparisons of perinatal mortality show an unfavourable position for the Netherlands. Our objective was to study regional variation in perinatal mortality within the Netherlands and to identify possible explanatory factors for the found differences. Methods Our study population comprised of all singleton births (904,003 derived from the Netherlands Perinatal Registry for the period 2000–2004. Perinatal mortality including stillbirth from 22+0 weeks gestation and early neonatal death (0–6 days was our main outcome measure. Differences in perinatal mortality were calculated between 4 distinct geographical regions North-East-South-West. We tried to explain regional differences by adjustment for the demographic factors maternal age, parity and ethnicity and by socio-economic status and urbanisation degree using logistic modelling. In addition, regional differences in mode of delivery and risk selection were analysed as health care factors. Finally, perinatal mortality was analysed among five distinct clinical risk groups based on the mediating risk factors gestational age and congenital anomalies. Results Overall perinatal mortality was 10.1 per 1,000 total births over the period 2000–2004. Perinatal mortality was elevated in the northern region (11.2 per 1,000 total births. Perinatal mortality in the eastern, western and southern region was 10.2, 10.1 and 9.6 per 1,000 total births respectively. Adjustment for demographic factors increased the perinatal mortality risk in the northern region (odds ratio 1.20, 95% CI 1.12–1.28, compared to reference western region, subsequent adjustment for socio-economic status and urbanisation explained a small part of the elevated risk (odds ratio 1.11, 95% CI 1.03–1.20. Risk group analysis showed that regional differences were absent among very preterm births (22+0 – 25+6 weeks gestation and most prominent among births from 32+0 gestation weeks onwards and among children with severe congenital anomalies. Among term births (? 37+0 weeks regional mortality differences were largest for births in women transferred from low to high risk during delivery. Conclusion Regional differences in perinatal mortality exist in the Netherlands. These differences could not be explained by demographic or socio-economic factors, however clinical risk group analysis showed indications for a role of health care factors.

Rijninks-van Driel Greta C

2009-04-01

31

Quality assessment of perinatal and infant postmortem examinations in Turkey.  

Science.gov (United States)

An autopsy examination is important in identifying the cause of death and as a means of auditing clinical and forensic practice; however, especially in perinatal and infantile age groups determining the cause of death leads to some difficulties in autopsy practice. In this study, 15,640 autopsies recorded during the years 2000-2004 in the Mortuary Department of the Council of Forensic Medicine were reviewed. Autopsy findings of 510 cases between 20 completed weeks of gestation and 1 year of age were analyzed retrospectively. The quality of each necropsy report was assessed using a modification of the system gestational age assessment described by Rushton, which objectively scores aspects identified by the Royal College of Pathologists as being part of a necropsy. According to their ages, the cases were subdivided into three groups. Intrauterine deaths were 31% (158 cases), neonatal deaths were 24% (123 cases), and infantile deaths were 45% (229 cases) of all cases. Scores for the quality of the necropsy report were above the minimum acceptable score with 44% in intrauterine, 88% in neonatal and infantile deaths. PMID:18637051

Pakis, Isil; Karapirli, Mustafa; Karayel, Ferah; Turan, Arzu; Akyildiz, Elif; Polat, Oguz

2008-09-01

32

Bridging between professionals in perinatal care: towards shared care in the Netherlands.  

Science.gov (United States)

Relatively high perinatal mortality rates in the Netherlands have required a critical assessment of the national obstetric system. Policy evaluations emphasized the need for organizational improvement, in particular closer collaboration between community midwives and obstetric caregivers in hospitals. The leveled care system that is currently in place, in which professionals in midwifery and obstetrics work autonomously, does not fully meet the needs of pregnant women, especially women with an accumulation of non-medical risk factors. This article provides an overview of the advantages of greater interdisciplinary collaboration and the current policy developments in obstetric care in the Netherlands. In line with these developments we present a model for shared care embedded in local 'obstetric collaborations'. These collaborations are formed by obstetric caregivers of a single hospital and all surrounding community midwives. Through a broad literature search, practical elements from shared care approaches in other fields of medicine that would suit the Dutch obstetric system were selected. These elements, focusing on continuity of care, patient centeredness and interprofessional teamwork form a comprehensive model for a shared care approach. By means of this overview paper and the presented model, we add direction to the current policy debate on the development of obstetrics in the Netherlands. This model will be used as a starting point for the pilot-implementation of a shared care approach in the 'obstetric collaborations', using feedback from the field to further improve it. PMID:23229171

Posthumus, A G; Schölmerich, V L N; Waelput, A J M; Vos, A A; De Jong-Potjer, L C; Bakker, R; Bonsel, G J; Groenewegen, P; Steegers, E A P; Denkta?, S

2013-12-01

33

The model of palliative care in the perinatal setting: a review of the literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The notion of Palliative Care (PC in neonatal and perinatal medicine has largely developed in recent decades. Our aim was to systematically review the literature on this topic, summarise the evolution of care and, based on the available data, suggest a current standard for this type of care. Methods Data sources included Medline, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and the bibliographies of the papers retrieved. Articles focusing on neonatal/perinatal hospices or PC were included. A qualitative analysis of the content was performed, and data on the lead author, country, year, type of article or design, and direct and indirect subjects were obtained. Results Among the 1558 articles retrieved, we did not find a single quantitative empirical study. To study the evolution of the model of care, we ultimately included 101 studies, most of which were from the USA. Fifty of these were comments/reflections, and only 30 were classifiable as clinical studies (half of these were case reports. The analysis revealed a gradual conceptual evolution of the model, which includes the notions of family-centered care, comprehensive care (including bereavement and early and integrative care (also including the antenatal period. A subset of 27 articles that made special mention of antenatal aspects showed a similar distribution. In this subset, the results of the four descriptive clinical studies showed that, in the context of specific programmes, a significant number of couples (between 37 and 87% opted for PC and to continue with the pregnancy when the foetus has been diagnosed with a lethal illness. Conclusions Despite the interest that PC has aroused in perinatal medicine, there are no evidence-based empirical studies to indicate the best model of care for this clinical setting. The very notion of PC has evolved to encompass perinatal PC, which includes, among other things, the idea of comprehensive care, and early and integrative care initiated antenatally.

Balaguer Albert

2012-03-01

34

Preventing maternal and early childhood obesity: the fetal flaw in Australian perinatal care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Almost half of Australian women of child-bearing age are overweight or obese, with a rate of 30-50% reported in early pregnancy. Maternal adiposity is a costly challenge for Australian obstetric care, with associated serious maternal and neonatal complications. Excess gestational weight gain is an important predictor of offspring adiposity into adulthood and higher maternal weight later in life. Current public health and perinatal care approaches in Australia do not adequately address excess perinatal maternal weight or gestational weight gain. This paper argues that the failure of primary health-care providers to offer systematic advice and support regarding women's weight and related lifestyle behaviours in child-bearing years is an outstanding 'missed opportunity' for prevention of inter-generational overweight and obesity. Barriers to action could be addressed through greater attention to: clinical guidelines for maternal weight management for the perinatal period, training and support of maternal health-care providers to develop skills and confidence in raising weight issues with women, a variety of weight management programs provided by state maternal health services, and clear referral pathways to them. Attention is also required to service systems that clearly define roles in maternal weight management and ensure consistency and continuity of support across the perinatal period. PMID:24176286

Miller, Margaret; Hearn, Lydia; van der Pligt, Paige; Wilcox, Jane; Campbell, Karen J

2014-01-01

35

Barriers to Emergency Obstetric Care Services in Perinatal Deaths in Rural Gambia: A Qualitative In-Depth Interview Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective. The Gambia has one of the world's highest perinatal mortality rates. We explored barriers of timely access to emergency obstetric care services resulting in perinatal deaths and in survivors of severe obstetric complications in rural Gambia. Method. We applied the “three delays” model as a framework for assessing contributing factors to perinatal deaths and obstetric complications. Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 survivors of severe obstetric complication...

Siri Vangen; Johanne Sundby; Abdou Jammeh

2011-01-01

36

Poor perinatal care practices in urban slums: Possible role of social mobilization networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Making perinatal care accessible to women in marginalized periurban areas poses a public health problem. Many women do not utilize institutional care in spite of physical accessibility. Home-based care by traditional birth attendants (TBA is hazardous. Inappropriate early neonatal feeding practices are common. Many barriers to perinatal care can be overcome by social mobilization and capacity building at the community level. Objectives: To determine the existing perinatal practices in an urban slum and to identify barriers to utilization of health services by mothers. Study Design: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study. Setting and Participants: The high-risk periurban areas of Nabi Nagar, Aligarh has a population of 40,000 living in 5,480 households. Mothers delivering babies in September 2007 were identified from records of social mobilization workers (Community Mobilization Coordinators or CMCs already working in an NGO in the area. A total of 92 mothers were interviewed at home. Current perinatal practices and reasons for utilizing or not utilizing health services were the topics of inquiry. Statistical Analysis: Data was tabulated and analyzed using SPSS 12. Results: Analyses revealed that 80.4% of mothers had received antenatal care. However, this did not translate into safe delivery practices as more than 60% of the women had home deliveries conducted by traditional untrained or trained birth attendants. Reasons for preferring home deliveries were mostly tradition (41.9% or related to economics (30.7%. A total of 56% of the deliveries were conducted in the squatting position and in 25% of the cases, the umbilical cord was cut using the edge of a broken cup. Although breast-feeding was universal, inappropriate early neonatal feeding practices were common. Prelacteal feeds were given to nearly 50% of the babies and feeding was delayed beyond 24 hours in 8% of the cases. Several mothers had breastfeeding problems. Conclusion: Barriers to utilization of available services leads to hazardous perinatal practices in urban slums.

Khan Zulfia

2009-01-01

37

Quality of Cancer Care  

Science.gov (United States)

Work is underway to make cancer a working model for quality of care research and the translation of this research into practice. This requires addressing how data collection about cancer care can be standardized and made most useful to a variety of audiences including providers, patients and their families, purchasers, payers, researchers, and policymakers. The Applied Research Program has spearheaded several key activities to carry out this initiative.

38

Identifying health care quality attributes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Evaluating health care quality is important for consumers, health care providers, and society. Developing a measure of health care service quality is an important precursor to systems and organizations that value health care quality. SERVQUAL has been proposed as a broad-based measure of service quality that may be applicable to health care settings. Results from a study described in this paper verify SERVQUAL dimensions, but demonstrate additional dimensions that are specific to health care settings. PMID:16318013

Ramsaran-Fowdar, Roshnee R

2005-01-01

39

Providing Perinatal Mental Health Services in Pediatric Primary Care  

Science.gov (United States)

After birth, newborns and their caregivers are seen routinely and frequently in pediatric primary care settings. The close succession of visits in the first few months of life puts pediatric primary care professionals in a unique position to enhance infant mental health by developing strong relationships with caregivers, supporting babies and…

Talmi, Ayelet; Stafford, Brian; Buchholz, Melissa

2009-01-01

40

Care for perinatal illness in rural Nepal: a descriptive study with cross-sectional and qualitative components  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: Maternal, perinatal and neonatal mortality rates remain high in rural areas of developing countries. Most deliveries take place at home and care-seeking behaviour is often delayed. We report on a combined quantitative and qualitative study of care seeking obstacles and practices relating to perinatal illness in rural Makwanpur district, Nepal, with particular emphasis on consultation strategies. METHODS: The analysis included a survey of 8798 women who reported a birth in the prev...

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Utilizing leadership to achieve high reliability in the delivery of perinatal care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Carmen Parrotta,1 William Riley,1 Les Meredith21School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 2Premier Insurance Management Services Inc, Charlotte, NC, USAAbstract: Highly reliable care requires standardization of clinical practices and is a prerequisite for patient safety. However, standardization in complex hospital settings is extremely difficult to attain and health care leaders are challenged to create care delivery processes that ensure patient safety. Moreover, once high reliability is achieved in a hospital unit, it must be maintained to avoid process deterioration. This case study examines an intervention to implement care bundles (a collection of evidence-based practices in four hospitals to achieve standardized care in perinatal units. The results show different patterns in the rate and magnitude of change within the hospitals to achieve high reliability. The study is part of a larger nationwide study of 16 hospitals to improve perinatal safety. Based on the findings, we discuss the role of leadership for implementing and sustaining high reliability to ensure freedom from unintended injury.Keywords: care bundles, evidence-based practice, standardized care, process improvement

Parrotta C

2012-11-01

42

Women's health groups to improve perinatal care in rural Nepal  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality rates are high in rural Nepal where more than 90% of deliveries are in the home. Evidence suggests that death rates can be reduced by interventions at community level. We describe an intervention which aimed to harness the power of community planning and decision making to improve maternal and newborn care in rural Nepal. METHODS: The development of 111 women's groups in a population of 86 704 in Makwanpur district, Nepal is described. The groups, facilitated by...

2005-01-01

43

The Istanbul international consensus statement on the perinatal care of multiple pregnancy.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this document is to expand the 1995 ISTS/COMBO Declaration of Rights which was initially produced to promote awareness of the special needs of multiple birth infants, children, and adults. It addresses the clinical and ethical dimensions of perinatal care of multiple pregnancy. The ad hoc committee was chaired by Isaac Blickstein. The following individuals were present (in alphabetical order): Birgit Arabin (Zwolle, Netherlands/Berlin, Germany), Isaac Blickstein (Rehovot, Israel), Frank A. Chervenak (NY, USA), Zehra Nese Kavak (Istanbul, Turkey), Louis G. Keith (Chicago, USA), Eric S. Shinwell (Rehovot, Israel) and Yves Ville (Paris, France). Secretary of the meeting was Alin Basgul (Istanbul, Turkey). This statement was endorsed by the International Society of Twin Studies (Ghent, Belgium, June, 2007) and by the World Association of Perinatal Medicine (Florence, Italy, September, 2007). PMID:18052831

Blickstein, Isaac; Arabin, Birgit; Chervenak, Frank A; Kavak, Zehra N; Keith, Louis G; Shinwell, Eric S; Basgul, Alin; Ville, Yves

2007-01-01

44

Quality care in pediatric trauma  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Infrastructure, processes of care and outcome measurements are the cornerstone of quality care for pediatric trauma. This review aims to evaluate current evidence on system organization and concentration of pediatric expertise in the delivery of pediatric trauma care. It discusses key quality indicators for all phases of care, from pre-hospital to post-discharge recovery. In particular, it highlights the importance of measuring quality of life and psychosocial recovery for the injured child.

Simpson, Amelia J.; Rivara, Frederick P.; Pham, Tam N.

2012-01-01

45

[Quality of prenatal data in the Hessian Perinatal Registry. A comparison with data from maternal health record and results of a pregnancy survey].  

Science.gov (United States)

In the Federal State of Hesse, Germany, pregnancy and delivery related data are collected in a central perinatal registry called "Hessische Perinatalerhebung" (HEPE) since 1981, the objective being to enforce quality assurance and to contribute to a reduction in perinatal mortality and morbidity. The delivery unit compiles these data based on the antenatal record called "Mother Passport" and the actual delivery. In order to check on the quality of data, information on risk factors obtained from the perinatal register was compared to information from antenatal records and from a questionnaire administered to pregnant women prior to delivery. The study population comprised 1978 women who delivered at the maternity unit of the Municipal Hospital of Wiesbaden, the Dr. Horst Schmidt Kliniken, in 1990 and 1991. Comparison of the three data sources revealed substantial differences: Almost all risk factors were most frequently mentioned by the mothers themselves, less by the antenatal record and even less by the perinatal register. These differences were less pronounced for data on previous pregnancies and pre-existing disease and on abnormal positioning. Considerable differences were found in relation to pregnancy induced hypertension, intra-uterine growth retardation, incapacity of the cervix, preterm labour and bleeding. Risk factors related to the social environment and personal habits like psycho-social stress and smoking were found to be extremely under-reported in the antenatal records as well as in the perinatal register. The following factors could be identified as major reasons for the different risk profiles obtained from the various data sources: [1] Data loss through the transfer of data from the antenatal record to the record form of the perinatal register or to the computer, [2] selective recording of those risk factors considered by doctors to be particularly relevant, [3] missing definition of some risk factors and [4] recording of antenatal data for the perinatal register by the delivery unit after knowing the pregnancy outcome. Antenatal data in the perinatal register of Hessen are doubtful and should not be used uncritically for comparative studies and the assessment of relative risks. The extreme under-reporting of some risk factors may even lead to giving some interventions undue priority. In future, regular validity studies should become routine. A reduction of the data losses as well as a clear separation of antenatal data and delivery data could be achieved if antenatal data would be transferred from the doctor providing antenatal care direct to the perinatal register. PMID:8674959

Jahn, A; Berle, P

1996-03-01

46

Evidence for perinatal and child health care guidelines in crisis settings: can Cochrane help?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background It is important that healthcare provided in crisis settings is based on the best available research evidence. We reviewed guidelines for child and perinatal health care in crisis situations to determine whether they were based on research evidence, whether Cochrane systematic reviews were available in the clinical areas addressed by these guidelines and whether summaries of these reviews were provided in Evidence Aid. Methods Broad internet searches were undertaken to identify relevant guidelines. Guidelines were appraised using AGREE and the clinical areas that were relevant to perinatal or child health were extracted. We searched The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews to identify potentially relevant reviews. For each review we determined how many trials were included, and how many were conducted in resource-limited settings. Results Six guidelines met selection criteria. None of the included guidelines were clearly based on research evidence. 198 Cochrane reviews were potentially relevant to the guidelines. These reviews predominantly addressed nutrient supplementation, breastfeeding, malaria, maternal hypertension, premature labour and prevention of HIV transmission. Most reviews included studies from developing settings. However for large portions of the guidelines, particularly health services delivery, there were no relevant reviews. Only 18 (9.1% reviews have summaries in Evidence Aid. Conclusions We did not identify any evidence-based guidelines for perinatal and child health care in disaster settings. We found many Cochrane reviews that could contribute to the evidence-base supporting future guidelines. However there are important issues to be addressed in terms of the relevance of the available reviews and increasing the number of reviews addressing health care delivery.

Barnes Hayley

2010-03-01

47

Perceived quality health care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Placement in an intensive care unit (ICU, means asituation of stress-anxiety, fear and insecurity, boththe patient and his family. At admission prioritizeshealth care, neglecting the care of relatives, relativeshaving anxiety and disruption of family processes.This aspect is worsening, with the architecturalstructure of the units and the restriction of visitinghours, which allows to maintain some physicalcontact, emotional and communication betweenpatients and health professionals with family, needspecial attention when planning interventionsNursing the promotion of communication (NIC4976 and encouraging the involvement /participation of the family (NIC 7110 in order tooptimize the perception / user involvement / familyin the process, through improved communication(NOC 0902.

GALLARDO JIMÉNEZ NURIA.

2009-09-01

48

Congenital cytomegalovirus infection in a neonatal intensive care unit in Brazil evaluated by PCR and association with perinatal aspects  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common congenital infection, affecting 0.4% to 2.3% newborns. Most of them are asymptomatic at birth, but later 10% develop handicaps, mainly neurological disturbances. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of CMV shed in urine of newborns from a neonatal intensive care unit using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and correlate positive cases to some perinatal aspects. Urine samples obtained at first week of life were processed according to a PC...

Santos, Daniel Vi?tor V.; Souza, Maria Margarida R.; Gonc?alves, Se?rgio Henrique L.; Cotta, Ana Cristina S.; Melo, Lorenza A. O.; Andrade, Gla?ucia M. Q.; Brasileiro-filho, Geraldo

2000-01-01

49

Maternal perinatal mental illnesses and adverse pregnancy outcomes: population-based studies using data from United Kingdom primary care  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Perinatal mental illness, especially depression, is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in high-income countries. In the United Kingdom (UK), mental illness commonly presents to and is treated at primary care level; however there are no up-to-date estimates of the burden of different mental illnesses in women in and around pregnancy. The potential impact of mental illness with or without psychotropic medication on the risk of non-live pregnancy outcomes is uncl...

Ban, Lu

2012-01-01

50

Behaviour change in perinatal care practices among rural women exposed to a women's group intervention in Nepal [ISRCTN31137309  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A randomised controlled trial of participatory women's groups in rural Nepal previously showed reductions in maternal and newborn mortality. In addition to the outcome data we also collected previously unreported information from the subgroup of women who had been pregnant prior to study commencement and conceived during the trial period. To determine the mechanisms via which the intervention worked we here examine the changes in perinatal care of these women. In particular we use the informa...

2006-01-01

51

Behaviour change in perinatal care practices among rural women exposed to a women's group intervention in Nepal [ISRCTN31137309  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background A randomised controlled trial of participatory women's groups in rural Nepal previously showed reductions in maternal and newborn mortality. In addition to the outcome data we also collected previously unreported information from the subgroup of women who had been pregnant prior to study commencement and conceived during the trial period. To determine the mechanisms via which the intervention worked we here examine the changes in perinatal care of these women. In particular we use the information to study factors affecting positive behaviour change in pregnancy, childbirth and newborn care. Methods Women's groups focusing on perinatal care were introduced into 12 of 24 study clusters (average cluster population 7000. A total of 5400 women of reproductive age enrolled in the trial had previously been pregnant and conceived during the trial period. For each of four outcomes (attendance at antenatal care; use of a boiled blade to cut the cord; appropriate dressing of the cord; not discarding colostrum each of these women was classified as BETTER, GOOD, BAD or WORSE to describe whether and how she changed her pre-trial practice. Multilevel multinomial models were used to identify women most responsive to intervention. Results Among those not initially following good practice, women in intervention areas were significantly more likely to do so later for all four outcomes (OR 1.92 to 3.13. Within intervention clusters, women who attended groups were more likely to show a positive change than non-group members with regard to antenatal care utilisation and not discarding colostrum, but non-group members also benefited. Conclusion Women's groups promoted significant behaviour change for perinatal care amongst women not previously following good practice. Positive changes attributable to intervention were not restricted to specific demographic subgroups.

Tumbahangphe Kirti

2006-06-01

52

Financial Health of Child Care Facilities Affects Quality of Care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Contends that child care facility owners, boards of directors, staff, and parents need to focus on financial management, as poor financial health compromises the quality of care for children. Specifically addresses the issues of: (1) concern for providing high quality child care; (2) the connection between quality and money; and (3) strengthening…

Brower, Mary R.; Sull, Theresa M.

2003-01-01

53

Care for perinatal illness in rural Nepal: a descriptive study with cross-sectional and qualitative components  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Maternal, perinatal and neonatal mortality rates remain high in rural areas of developing countries. Most deliveries take place at home and care-seeking behaviour is often delayed. We report on a combined quantitative and qualitative study of care seeking obstacles and practices relating to perinatal illness in rural Makwanpur district, Nepal, with particular emphasis on consultation strategies. Methods The analysis included a survey of 8798 women who reported a birth in the previous two years [of whom 3557 reported illness in their pregnancy], on 30 case studies of perinatal morbidity and mortality, and on 43 focus group discussions with mothers, other family members and health workers. Results Early pregnancy was often concealed, preparation for birth was minimal and trained attendance at birth was uncommon. Family members were favoured attendants, particularly mothers-in-law. The most common recalled maternal complications were prolonged labour, postpartum haemorrhage and retained placenta. Neonatal death, though less definable, was often associated with cessation of suckling and shortness of breath. Many home-based care practices for maternal and neonatal illness were described. Self-medication was common. There were delays in recognising and acting on danger signs, and in seeking care beyond the household, in which the cultural requirement for maternal seclusion, and the perceived expense of care, played a part. Of the 760 women who sought care at a government facility, 70% took more than 12 hours from the decision to seek help to actual consultation. Consultation was primarily with traditional healers, who were key actors in the ascription of causation. Use of the government primary health care system was limited: the most common source of allopathic care was the district hospital. Conclusions Major obstacles to seeking care were: a limited capacity to recognise danger signs; the need to watch and wait; and an overwhelming preference to treat illness within the community. Safer motherhood and newborn care programmes in rural communities, must address both community and health facility care to have an impact on morbidity and mortality. The roles of community actors such as mothers-in-law, husbands, local healers and pharmacies, and increased access to properly trained birth attendants need to be addressed if delays in reaching health facilities are to be shortened.

Manandhar Madan

2003-08-01

54

Quality of maternal and neonatal care in Central Asia and Europe--lessons learnt.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the World Health Organization (WHO) European region despite official high coverage of essential interventions for maternal and neonatal care, there are still significant gaps in the delivery of effective interventions. Since 2001, WHO designed and implemented the Making Pregnancy Safer programme, which includes hands-on training courses in effective perinatal care for maternity teams, development of clinical guidelines, maternal mortality and morbidity case reviews, and assessments of quality of care. This has contributed to enhancing capacity at country level to improve organisation and provision of care. This paper describes the programme's components, challenges, achievements and results. PMID:25236627

Bacci, A

2014-09-01

55

Causes of perinatal death at a tertiary care hospital in Northern Tanzania 2000–2010: a registry based study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Perinatal mortality reflects maternal health as well as antenatal, intrapartum and newborn care, and is an important health indicator. This study aimed at classifying causes of perinatal death in order to identify categories of potentially preventable deaths. Methods We studied a total of 1958 stillbirths and early neonatal deaths above 500 g between July 2000 and October 2010 registered in the Medical Birth Registry and neonatal registry at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC in Northern Tanzania. The deaths were classified according to the Neonatal and Intrauterine deaths Classification according to Etiology (NICE. Results Overall perinatal mortality was 57.7/1000 (1958 out of 33 929, of which 1219 (35.9/1000 were stillbirths and 739 (21.8/1000 were early neonatal deaths. Major causes of perinatal mortality were unexplained asphyxia (n=425, 12.5/1000, obstetric complications (n=303, 8.9/1000, maternal disease (n=287, 8.5/1000, unexplained antepartum stillbirths after 37 weeks of gestation (n= 219, 6.5/1000, and unexplained antepartum stillbirths before 37 weeks of gestation (n=184, 5.4/1000. Obstructed/prolonged labour was the leading condition (251/303, 82.8% among the obstetric complications. Preeclampsia/eclampsia was the leading cause (253/287, 88.2% among the maternal conditions. When we excluded women who were referred for delivery at KCMC due to medical reasons (19.1% of all births and 36.0% of all deaths, perinatal mortality was reduced to 45.6/1000. This reduction was mainly due to fewer deaths from obstetric complications (from 8.9 to 2.1/1000 and maternal conditions (from 8.5 to 5.5/1000. Conclusion The distribution of causes of death in this population suggests a great potential for prevention. Early identification of mothers at risk of pregnancy complications through antenatal care screening, teaching pregnant women to recognize signs of pregnancy complications, timely access to obstetric care, monitoring of labour for fetal distress, and proper newborn resuscitation may reduce some of the categories of deaths.

Mmbaga Blandina T

2012-12-01

56

Defining Quality Child Care: Multiple Stakeholder Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

Multiple perspectives regarding the definition of quality child care, and how child care quality can be improved, were examined using a focus group methodology. Participants were representatives from stakeholder groups in the child care profession, including child care center owners and directors (3 groups), parents (3 groups), child caregivers (3…

Harrist, Amanda W.; Thompson, Stacy D.; Norris, Deborah J.

2007-01-01

57

Potentially avoidable perinatal deaths in Denmark and Sweden 1991.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Since 1950 the perinatal mortality has been significantly higher in Denmark than in Sweden. In 1991 the rate in Denmark was 8.0/1000 deliveries compared to 6.5/1000 in Sweden. An international audit was designed to investigate whether the perinatal death rates in the two countries to some extent could reflect differences in the quality of care, indicated by the numbers of perinatal deaths in categories of potentially avoidable deaths. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of 97% of all perinatal deaths in 1991 in the two countries were analyzed. A new classification focusing on potential avoidability from a health services perspective was elaborated at a Nordic-Baltic workshop, using the variables: time of death in relation to admission and delivery, fetal malformation, gestational age, growth-retardation and Apgar score at 5 min. RESULTS: Rates of perinatal deaths of malformed infants (0.00195 and 0.00145) and intrapartum deaths of non-malformed infants (0.00042 and 0.00019) was significantly higher in Denmark than in Sweden. CONCLUSION: Application of the Nordic-Baltic Perinatal Death Classification on perinatal deaths in Denmark and Sweden in 1991 raises the questions as to why the rate of perinatal death of malformed infants is higher in Denmark than in Sweden and whether intrapartum care in Denmark could be improved.

Langhoff-Roos, J; Borch-Christensen, H

1996-01-01

58

Horizontal hostility and verbal violence between nurses in the perinatal arena of health care.  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of this US study was to determine the frequency of horizontal violence in a perinatal service and its effect on patient outcomes. A 24-question survey instrument was completed online by 63 nurses. The results indicated that labour and delivery wards experience a higher frequency of horizontal violence than other units in the perinatal service. They also showed that the mother and baby unit demonstrates a higher frequency of recipient or victim behaviours. A relationship between horizontal violence and ineffective communication, as well as a relationship between horizontal violence and poor patient outcomes or near misses, was demonstrated. PMID:24479924

Reynolds, Grace; Kelly, Sharilyn; Singh-Carlson, Savitri

2014-02-01

59

Perinatal HIV testing among African American, Caucasian, Hmong and Latina women: exploring the role of health-care services, information sources and perceptions of HIV/AIDS.  

Science.gov (United States)

Perinatal HIV transmission disproportionately affects African American, Latina and potentially Hmong women in the United States. Understanding racially and ethnically diverse women's perceptions of and experiences with perinatal health care, HIV testing and HIV/AIDS may inform effective health communications to reduce the risk of perinatal HIV transmission among disproportionate risk groups. We used a qualitative descriptive research design with content analysis of five focus groups of African American, Caucasian, Hmong and Latina women of reproductive age with low socioeconomic status distinguished by their race/ethnicity or HIV status. A purposive stratified sample of 37 women shared their health-care experiences, health information sources and perceptions of HIV testing and HIV/AIDS. Women's responses highlighted the importance of developing and leveraging trusted provider and community-based relationships and assessing a woman's beliefs and values in her sociocultural context, to ensure clear, consistent and relevant communications. Perinatal health communications that are culturally sensitive and based on an assessment of women's knowledge and understanding of perinatal health and HIV/AIDS may be an effective tool for health educators addressing racial and ethnic disparities in perinatal HIV transmission. PMID:24150728

Lee King, Patricia A; Pate, David J

2014-02-01

60

Estudo da morbidade e da mortalidade perinatal em maternidades: II - mortalidade perinatal segundo peso ao nascer, idade materna, assistência pré-natal e hábito de fumar da mãe A study of perinatal morbidity and mortality in maternity hospitals: II - perinatal mortality according to birth weight, maternal age, prenatal care and maternal smoking  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Analisa-se a influência de variáveis como peso ao nascer, idade materna, assistência pré-natal e tabagismo materno. Do estudo dos 12.999 nascimentos (vivos e mortos ocorridos em nove maternidades no período de um ano, verificou-se que a mortalidade perinatal é muito maior para os recém-nascidos de baixo peso (665,3 ‰ para peso até 1.500 g, diminuindo à medida que aumenta o peso ao nascer. Também nos casos de mães jovens (menores de 15 anos ou mães com idade superior a 35 anos esse coeficiente foi mais elevado (45,5 ‰ para mães com menos de 15 anos e 47,0 ‰ para mães entre 35 a 39 anos. A faixa imediatamente superior - 40 a 44 anos - apresentou a mais alta mortalidade perinatal: 61,3 ‰ nascidos vivos e nascidos mortos. O número de consultas realizadas no pré-natal tem importância para a diminuição da gestação de alto risco. Mães que fizeram 7 ou mais consultas no pré-natal tiveram a menor mortalidade no período (17,7‰ nascidos vivos e nascidos mortos. Já o hábito materno de fumar influencia a mortalidade quando a quantidade é de mais de 10 cigarros por dia. A mortalidade perinatal dos produtos de mães que fumavam menos de 10 cigarros por dia não diferiu das taxas de mortalidade para as mães não-fumantes.The influence of birth weight, maternal age, prenatal care and smoking during pregnancy are analysed. Of 12,999 births (live and stillbirths ocurring in nine maternity hospitals during one year, the greatest perinatal mortality rate (PM was that of low birth weight babies (665.3 ‰ for those weighing less than 1,500 g. The PM decreases with increasing weight. Young mothers (less than 15 years of age and women aged 35 or more also had higher Perinatal Mortality rates - 45.5 ‰ for the former and 47.0 ‰ for the latter. Prenatal care is important for the decrease of high risk in pregnancy. Mothers who had made 7 or more consultations during pregnancy had the lowest PM (17.7 ‰ live and stillbirths. Smoking during pregnancy has an influence only when women smoke more than 10 cigarettes a day. Perinatal mortality for babies whose mothers smoked less than 10 cigarettes a day is not different from non-smoking women.

Ruy Laurenti

1985-06-01

 
 
 
 
61

The effect of care planning on quality of patient care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nursing care plans can be seen as a means of ensuring holistic care. This study investigated the view of nurses and support workers on the care plan as a tool to enhance quality care and how their views were reflected in practice. PMID:9873343

Webster, J

1998-11-01

62

Violence-related coping, help-seeking and health care-based intervention preferences among perinatal women in Mumbai, India.  

Science.gov (United States)

Domestic violence is a significant public health issue. India is uniquely affected with an estimated 1 in 3 women facing abuse at the hands of a partner. The current mixed-methods study describes violence-related coping and help-seeking, and preferences for health care-based intervention, among perinatal women residing in low-income communities in Mumbai, India. In-depth interviews were conducted with women who had recently given birth and self-reported recent violence from husbands (n = 32), followed by survey data collection (n = 1,038) from mothers seeking immunization for their infants ages 6 months or younger at 3 large urban health centers in Mumbai, India. Participants described fears and other barriers to abuse disclosure, and there was a low level of awareness of formal support services related to violence. Qualitative and quantitative findings indicated that formal help-seeking is uncommon and that informal help sources are most frequently sought. Quantitative results revealed that, while few (counseling and safety planning as most helpful (90.9%). Findings provide direction for violence-related intervention services for perinatal women. A multipronged approach that includes strengthening the informal support system, for example, neighbors and family members, as well as facilitating access to formal services building on the health care system, warrants exploration in this context. PMID:23295374

Decker, Michele R; Nair, Saritha; Saggurti, Niranjan; Sabri, Bushra; Jethva, Meghna; Raj, Anita; Donta, Balaiah; Silverman, Jay G

2013-06-01

63

Introduction of a qualitative perinatal audit at Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Perinatal death is a devastating experience for the mother and of concern in clinical practice. Regular perinatal audit may identify suboptimal care related to perinatal deaths and thus appropriate measures for its reduction. The aim of this study was to perform a qualitative perinatal audit of intrapartum and early neonatal deaths and propose means of reducing the perinatal mortality rate (PMR. Methods From 1st August, 2007 to 31st December, 2007 we conducted an audit of perinatal deaths (n = 133 with birth weight 1500 g or more at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH. The audit was done by three obstetricians, two external and one internal auditors. Each auditor independently evaluated the cases narratives. Suboptimal factors were identified in the antepartum, intrapartum and early neonatal period and classified into three levels of delay (community, infrastructure and health care. The contribution of each suboptimal factor to adverse perinatal outcome was identified and the case graded according to possible avoidability. Degree of agreement between auditors was assessed by the kappa coefficient. Results The PMR was 92 per 1000 total births. Suboptimal factors were identified in 80% of audited cases and half of suboptimal factors were found to be the likely cause of adverse perinatal outcome and were preventable. Poor foetal heart monitoring during labour was indirectly associated with over 40% of perinatal death. There was a poor to fair agreement between external and internal auditors. Conclusion There are significant areas of care that need improvement. Poor monitoring during labour was a major cause of avoidable perinatal mortality. This type of audit was a good starting point for quality assurance at MNH. Regular perinatal audits to identify avoidable causes of perinatal deaths with feed back to the staff may be a useful strategy to reduce perinatal mortality.

Thomas Angela N

2009-09-01

64

Are there gaps in the provision of perinatal care in Greece?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective was to test the hypothesis that easy access to sophisticated hospitals is associated with a reduction in perinatal mortality. DESIGN: The study was a nationwide questionnaire survey of a birth cohort. SUBJECTS: All deliveries greater than 500g weight of singleton live births and stillbirths occurring throughout Greece during April 1983 were included. Completed questionnaires were returned for 10,953 deliveries (8% of total annual registered births in Greece), an...

Tzoumaka-bakoula, C.; Lekea-karanika, V.; Matsaniotis, N. S.; Shenton, T.; Golding, J.

1989-01-01

65

Quality and performance improvement in critical care  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the past decade, there is an increased focus on quality and safety in health care. Decreasing variation, increasing adherence to evidence based guidelines, monitoring processes, and measuring outcomes are critical for improving quality of care. Intensivists have broad knowledge of hospital organization, and need to be leaders in quality improvement efforts.

Chelluri Lakshmi

2008-01-01

66

Nurse Reported Quality of Care: A Measure of Hospital Quality  

Science.gov (United States)

As the primary providers of round-the-clock bedside care, nurses are well positioned to report on hospital quality of care. Researchers have not examined how nurses’ reports of quality correspond with standard process or outcomes measures of quality. We assess the validity of evaluating hospital quality by aggregating hospital nurses’ responses to a single item that asks them to report on quality of care. We found that a 10% increment in the proportion of nurses reporting excellent quality of care was associated with lower odds of mortality and failure to rescue; greater patient satisfaction; and higher composite process of care scores for acute myocardial infarction, pneumonia, and surgical patients. Nurse reported quality of care is a useful indicator of hospital performance. PMID:22911102

McHugh, Matthew D.; Stimpfel, Amy Witkoski

2013-01-01

67

African primary care research: quality improvement cycles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Improving the quality of clinical care and translating evidence into clinical practice is commonly a focus of primary care research. This article is part of a series on primary care research and outlines an approach to performing a quality improvement cycle as part of a research assignment at a Masters level. The article aims to help researchers design their quality improvement cycle and write their research project proposal.

Claire Van Deventer

2014-04-01

68

Project MotherCare: one hospital's response to the high perinatal death rate in New Haven, CT.  

Science.gov (United States)

Starling national statistics indicate that New Haven, CT, is the seventh poorest city of its size, in terms of per capita income, in the United States. In 1989, it was reported to have the highest rate of infant mortality--18.5 infant deaths per 1,000 live birth--in the nation for a city with more than 100,000 people. Seventy-five percent of all perinatal deaths are attributed to low birth weight infants. Adequate prenatal care is a proven means of reducing this risk. To further compound the problem, substance abuse among pregnant women has increased dramatically. Census tract data revealed that many of the infant deaths were localized to several well-defined areas of the city. Forty-four percent of the infant deaths were ascribed to extreme immaturity or other causes related to low birth weight. Approximately 21 percent of the pregnant population had either no prenatal care or care was begun late--after the first trimester. The traditional avenues for prenatal care have been ineffective; an innovative approach, one that can be replicated, was initiated. The Hospital of Saint Raphael's "Project MotherCare" embarked on an initiative to address these problems by reducing the access barriers to prenatal care regardless of insurance status or ability to pay. The mission was twofold: (a) to bring prenatal care to underserved neighborhoods of New Haven and (b) to identify the substance-abusing pregnant woman and deliver a continuum of services including prenatal care, counseling, social services, and referral to a drug treatment program. Community need caused the program to expand beyond prenatal services and provide additional primary care services to other residents of these neighborhoods. PMID:7938385

Reguero, W; Crane, M

1994-01-01

69

Congenital cytomegalovirus infection in a neonatal intensive care unit in Brazil evaluated by PCR and association with perinatal aspects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cytomegalovirus (CMV infection is the most common congenital infection, affecting 0.4% to 2.3% newborns. Most of them are asymptomatic at birth, but later 10% develop handicaps, mainly neurological disturbances. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of CMV shed in urine of newborns from a neonatal intensive care unit using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR and correlate positive cases to some perinatal aspects. Urine samples obtained at first week of life were processed according to a PCR protocol. Perinatal data were collected retrospectively from medical records. Twenty of the 292 cases (6.8% were CMV-DNA positive. There was no statistical difference between newborns with and without CMV congenital infection concerning birth weight (p=0.11, gestational age (p=0.11, Apgar scores in the first and fifth minutes of life (p=0.99 and 0.16, mother's age (p=0.67 and gestational history. Moreover, CMV congenital infection was neither related to gender (p=0.55 nor to low weight (<2,500g at birth (p=0.13. This high prevalence of CMV congenital infection (6.8% could be due to the high sensitivity of PCR technique, the low socioeconomic level of studied population or the severe clinical status of these newborns.

SANTOS Daniel Vítor V.

2000-01-01

70

Labour complications remain the most important risk factors for perinatal mortality in rural Kenya  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To identify and quantify risk factors for perinatal mortality in a Kenyan district hospital and to assess the proportion of perinatal deaths attributable to labour complications, maternal undernutrition, malaria, anaemia and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 910 births was conducted between January 1996 and July 1997 and risk factors for perinatal mortality were analysed. FINDINGS: The perinatal mortality rate was 118 per 1000 births. Complications of labour such as haemorrhage, premature rupture of membranes/premature labour, and obstructed labour/ malpresentation increased the risk of death between 8- and 62-fold, and 53% of all perinatal deaths were attributable to labour complications. Placental malaria and maternal HIV, on the other hand, were not associated with perinatal mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Greater attention needs to be given to the quality of obstetric care provided in the rural district-hospital setting.

Weiner Renay

2003-01-01

71

Eliminating Perinatal HIV Transmission  

Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

In this podcast, CDCâ??s Dr. Steve Nesheim discusses perinatal HIV transmission, including the importance of preventing HIV among women, preconception care, and timely HIV testing of the mother. Dr. Nesheim also introduces the revised curriculum Eliminating Perinatal HIV Transmission intended for faculty of OB/GYN and pediatric residents and nurse midwifery students.  Created: 11/26/2012 by Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention.   Date Released: 11/26/2012.

2012-11-26

72

Quality of Care in Historical Perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines the quality of care in two mid-19th-century day nurseries in North America. Finds that quality was associated with saving children's lives within a context of charity-based social welfare. The concern for the health and safety of children led to the entrenchment of a custodial model of child care, which proved resilient into the 20th…

Prochner, Larry

1996-01-01

73

Quality Assessment in the Primary care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available -Quality Assessment in the Primary care Dear Editor; I have read the article titled as “Implementation of Rogi Kalyan Samiti (RKS at Primary Health Centre Durvesh” with great interest. Shrivastava et all concluded that assessment mechanism for the achievement of objectives for the suggested RKS model was not successful (1. Hereby I would like to emphasize the importance of quality assessment (QA especially in the era of newly established primary care implementations in our country. Promotion of quality has been fundamental part of primary care health services. Nevertheless variations in quality of care exist even in the developed countries. Accomplishment of quality in the primary care has some barriers like administration and directorial factors, absence of evidence-based medicine practice lack of continuous medical education. Quality of health care is no doubt multifaceted model that covers all components of health structures and processes of care. Quality in the primary care set up includes patient physician relationship, immunization, maternal, adolescent, adult and geriatric health care, referral, non-communicable disease management and prescribing (2. Most countries are recently beginning the implementation of quality assessments in all walks of healthcare. Organizations like European society for quality and safety in family practice (EQuiP endeavor to accomplish quality by collaboration. There are reported developments and experiments related to the methodology, processes and outcomes of quality assessments of health care. Quality assessments will not only contribute the accomplishment of the program / project but also detect the areas where obstacles also exist. In order to speed up the adoption of QA and to circumvent the occurrence of mistakes, health policy makers and family physicians from different parts of the world should share their experiences. Consensus on quality in preventive medicine implementations can help to yield helpful developments. Because “primary care helps prevent illness and death” (3, 4. References 1.Shrivastava SR, Bobhate PS. Implementation of Rogi Kalyan Samiti (RKS at Primary Health Centre Durvesh (2009 – 2010. TAF Prev Med Bull. (2012, 11(3: 307-314 2.Akturk Z, Set T. Quality in Family Practice: Opportunities and Tools Ready for Application. Turkish Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care. 2010; 4(1:1-7. 3.Grol R, Baker R, Wensing M. Quality Assurance in General Practice: the State of the Art in Europe Family Practice 1994. Volume 11,Issue 4 p 460-467 4.Starfield B, Leiyu S, Macinko J. Contribution of Primary Care to Health Systems and Health. The Milbank Quarterly. 2005; 83(3:457-502. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2013; 12(2.000: 217-218

Muharrem Ak

2013-04-01

74

Quality of Cancer Care - Applied Research  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of these efforts, substantially supported by the Applied Research Program, is to enhance the state of the science on the quality of cancer care and inform federal and private-sector decision making on care delivery, coverage, regulation, and standard setting. Work is underway to make cancer a working model for quality of care research and the translation of this research into practice.

75

Salud mental perinatal en la asistencia hospitalaria del parto y puerperio Perinatal mental health during the hospital care of labor and puerperal period  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The biomedical model has successfully reduced mother and child mortality and diseases during the labor and puerperal period. In the perinatal period, the mother and her offspring can also have psychosocial problems, that have been insufficiently studied and that we propose considering. Based on neurobiological information, on bonding theory and on a focus change in the everyday work of human behavior experts in maternity hospitals, we propose that perinatal mental health should have an important place and can be harmoniously articulated with the biomedical model. This mental health work should aim at generating safe mother-child bonds. It should be maintained Thereafter through social networks to prevent child abuse, to promote healthy development and to prevent psychopathology. We review some of the programs carried out in the ten year period in which we have worked as a mental health team in the maternity ward of a public hospital in Santiago, Chile (Rev Méd Chile 2000; 128: 1283-89

Guillermo Hernández G

2000-11-01

76

Improving the quality of diabetes care in primary care practice.  

Science.gov (United States)

The quality of care delivered to patients with diabetes has an impact on long-term outcomes. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to examine the effect of a Diabetes Disease Management Program (DDMP) on compliance with recommended process measures of care in primary care practice settings. Certified diabetes nurse educators visited five participating primary care practices biweekly for 1 year providing education to physicians and office staff on standards for diabetes management and to patients regarding self-management. Among 208 participants, 85.5% had >2 HbA1cs, 93.6% had lipid profiles, and 100% had foot examinations. Improvements in HbA1c (9.0% to 7.7%) were observed. Implementation of DDMP effectively promotes compliance with care standards in primary care practices. PMID:15352340

Zgibor, Janice C; Rao, Harsha; Wesche-Thobaben, Jacqueline; Gallagher, Nancie; McWilliams, Janis; Korytkowski, Mary T

2004-01-01

77

Standards for perinatal education Part 1  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Quality control in perinatal education is imperative, with the purpose to deliver a high quality and appropriate healthcare service to the family in the perinatal period. The purpose of this study was to develop valid standards for perinatal education in South Africa.

Richter, M. S.

2002-01-01

78

[Quality dental care: a complex subject].  

Science.gov (United States)

Assessing the quality of dental care depends on the approach. From the patient's perspective the perception of the quality of care depends as much on the pure technical quality of the treatment as on the level of patient - doctor communication, organisation and administration experienced in relation to the treatment. From the point of view of the dental professionals who tend to focus primarily on outcome of treatment on the other hand, this way of patient's judging integrated quality of care might be quite frustrating. After all, thanks to verbal and organisational skills, making good impression despite bad diagnostic and treatment quality might come within reach of simply every dental professional. As desirable it might be, is it possible anyhow to measure if the ultimate quality of care meets the standards of care patients deserve? Certifying outcome of treatment is difficult since it depends on too much variables amongst which some (such as patient's compliance) might fall out of reach of control of the dental care professionals. That's why modern clinical guidelines and protocols stress on creating the ideal treatment steps and conditions most likely leading to the most favourable treatment result. Finally authorities and policymakers aspire more and more to the idea of indicators measuring clinical quality of care from a cost effectiveness point of view. In this respect the authors state that cheap high quality dental care for everybody has become out of date in the actual context. And defining limits to quality of care in order to gain affordability or accessibility, is going to be a tricky exercise requiring sound scientific thinking balanced with ethics. PMID:19009891

Mortelmans, E; Berghmans, J; Justens, M

2008-01-01

79

Providing high-quality care in primary care settings  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Objective To gain a deeper understanding of how primary care (PC) practices belonging to different models manage resources to provide high-quality care. Design Multiple-case study embedded in a cross-sectional study of a random sample of 37 practices. Setting Three regions of Quebec. Participants Health care professionals and staff of 5 PC practices. Methods Five cases showing above-average results on quality-of-care indicators were purposefully selected to contrast on region, practice size, and PC model. Data were collected using an organizational questionnaire; the Team Climate Inventory, which was completed by health care professionals and staff; and 33 individual interviews. Detailed case histories were written and thematic analysis was performed. Main findings The core common feature of these practices was their ongoing effort to make trade-offs to deliver services that met their vision of high-quality care. These compromises involved the same 3 areas, but to varying degrees depending on clinic characteristics: developing a shared vision of high-quality care; aligning resource use with that vision; and balancing professional aspirations and population needs. The leadership of the physician lead was crucial. The external environment was perceived as a source of pressure and dilemmas rather than as a source of support in these matters. Conclusion Irrespective of their models, PC practices’ pursuit of high-quality care is based on a vision in which accessibility is a key component, balanced by appropriate management of available resources and of external environment expectations. Current PC reforms often create tensions rather than support PC practices in their pursuit of high-quality care. PMID:24829023

Beaulieu, Marie-Dominique; Geneau, Robert; Grande, Claudio Del; Denis, Jean-Louis; Hudon, Eveline; Haggerty, Jeannie L.; Bonin, Lucie; Duplain, Rejean; Goudreau, Johanne; Hogg, William

2014-01-01

80

A conceptual framework for quality of care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite extensive research on defining and measuring health care quality, little attention has been given to different stakeholders' perspectives of high-quality health care services. The main purpose of this study was to explore the attributes of quality healthcare in the Iranian context. Exploratory in-depth individual and focus group interviews were conducted with key healthcare stakeholders including clients, providers, managers, policy makers, payers, suppliers and accreditation panel members to identify the healthcare service quality attributes and dimensions. Data analysis was carried out by content analysis, with the constant comparative method. Over 100 attributes of quality healthcare service were elicited and grouped into five categories. The dimensions were: efficacy, effectiveness, efficiency, empathy, and environment. Consequently, a comprehensive model of service quality was developed for health care context. The findings of the current study led to a conceptual framework of healthcare quality. This model leads to a better understanding of the different aspects of quality in health care and provides a better basis for defining, measuring and controlling quality of health care services. PMID:23922534

Mosadeghrad, Ali Mohammad

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care  

Title: Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care ...Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care UNITED KINGDOM (ENGLAND) ...Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: United Kingdom (England)2012

82

EULAR efforts to define quality of care.  

Science.gov (United States)

EULAR is deeply involved in the field of quality of care of musculoskeletal disorders via numerous initiatives. EULAR has promoted initiatives in the different steps involved in improving/facilitating quality of care (e.g. original studies (basic, translational, clinical research studies), meta-analysis/systematic liter-ature research, elaboration and dissemination of recommendations, ...).Moreover, EULAR is promoting educational programs and is lobbying at the European Community level in order to improve the recognition of musculo-skeletal disorders. PMID:18021501

Dougados, M

2007-01-01

83

JAMA Patient Page: Quality of Care  

Science.gov (United States)

... from other investigations to guide medical decisions. When results from such research indicate that a particular way of treating a disease ... QUALITY IN A HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL • Board certification indicates that a ... communication with doctors, nurses, and office staff about your care is essential ...

84

The relationship between maternal education and mortality among women giving birth in health care institutions: Analysis of the cross sectional WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Approximately one-third of a million women die each year from pregnancy-related conditions. Three-quarters of these deaths are considered avoidable. Millennium Development Goal five calls for a reduction in maternal mortality and the establishment of universal access to high quality reproductive health care. There is evidence of a relationship between lower levels of maternal education and higher maternal mortality. This study examines the relationship between maternal education and maternal mortality among women giving birth in health care institutions and investigates the association of maternal age, marital status, parity, institutional capacity and state-level investment in health care with these relationships. Methods Cross-sectional information was collected on 287,035 inpatients giving birth in 373 health care institutions in 24 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America, between 2004-2005 (in Africa and Latin America and 2007-2008 (in Asia as part of the WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health. Analyses investigated associations between indicators measured at the individual, institutional and country level and maternal mortality during the intrapartum period: from admission to, until discharge from, the institution where women gave birth. There were 363 maternal deaths. Results In the adjusted models, women with no education had 2.7 times and those with between one and six years of education had twice the risk of maternal mortality of women with more than 12 years of education. Institutional capacity was not associated with maternal mortality in the adjusted model. Those not married or cohabiting had almost twice the risk of death of those who were. There was a significantly higher risk of death among those aged over 35 (compared with those aged between 20 and 25 years, those with higher numbers of previous births and lower levels of state investment in health care. There were also additional effects relating to country of residence which were not explained in the model. Conclusions Lower levels of maternal education were associated with higher maternal mortality even amongst women able to access facilities providing intrapartum care. More attention should be given to the wider social determinants of health when devising strategies to reduce maternal mortality and to achieve the increasingly elusive MDG for maternal mortality.

Gülmezoglu A Metin

2011-07-01

85

The utility of clinical care pathways in determining perinatal outcomes for women with one previous caesarean section; a retrospective service evaluation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The rising rates of primary caesarean section have resulted in a larger obstetric population with scarred uteri. Subsequent pregnancies in these women are risk-prone and may complicate. Besides ensuring standardised management, care pathways could be used to evaluate for perinatal outcomes in these high risk pregnancies. We aim to demonstrate the use of a care pathway for vaginal birth after caesarean section as a service evaluation tool to determine perinatal outcomes. Methods A retrospective service evaluation by review of delivery case notes and records was undertaken at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya between January 2008 and December 2009 Women with ?2 previous caesarean sections, previous classical caesarean section, multiple gestation, breech presentation, severe pre-eclampsia, transverse lie, placenta praevia, conditions requiring induction of labour and incomplete records were excluded. Outcome measures included the proportion of eligible women who opted for test of scar (ToS, success rate of vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC; proportion on women opting for elective repeat caesarean section (ERCS and their perinatal outcomes. Results A total of 215 women with one previous caesarean section were followed up using a standard care pathway. The median parity (minimum-maximum was 1.01234. The other demographic characteristics were comparable. Only 44.6% of eligible mothers opted to have a ToS. The success rate for VBAC was 49.4% with the commonest (31.8% reason for failure being protracted active phase of labour. Maternal morbidity was comparable for the failed and successful VBAC group. The incidence of hemorrhage was 2.3% and 4.4% for the successful and failed VBAC groups respectively. The proportion of babies with acidotic arterial PH ( Conclusions Besides ensuring standardised management, care pathways could be objective audit and service evaluation tools for determining perinatal outcomes.

Karuga Robinson N

2010-10-01

86

Living with diabetes: quality of care and quality of life  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pilar Isla PeraDepartment of Public Health Nursing, Mental and Mother and Child Health, University of Barcelona, SpainBackground: The aim of this research was to characterize the experience of living with diabetes mellitus (DM and identify patients’ opinions of the quality of care received and the results of interventions.Methods: A descriptive, exploratory evaluation study using qualitative methodology was performed. Participants consisted of 40 adult patients diagnosed with DM and followed up in a public hospital in Barcelona, Spain. A semistructured interview and a focus group were used and a thematic content analysis was performed.Results: Patients described DM as a disease that is difficult to control and that provokes lifestyle changes requiring effort and sacrifice. Insulin treatment increased the perception of disease severity. The most frequent and dreaded complication was hypoglycemia. The main problems perceived by patients affecting the quality of care were related to a disease-centered medical approach, lack of information, limited participation in decision-making, and the administrative and bureaucratic problems of the health care system.Conclusion: The bureaucratic circuits of the health care system impair patients’ quality of life and perceived quality of care. Health professionals should foster patient participation in decision-making. However, this requires not only training and appropriate attitudes, but also adequate staffing and materials.Keywords: diabetes mellitus, health care quality, quality of life, qualitative research

Pilar Isla Pera

2011-01-01

87

Family Child Care Program Quality Review Instrument.  

Science.gov (United States)

This program quality review instrument was designed for use in determining the quality of California's family day care programs in terms of seven functional components. These components included: (1) philosophy, goals, and objectives; (2) administration; (3) identification of the child's and family's needs; (4) home environment; (5) parent…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

88

Acceptance of HIV testing during prenatal care. Perinatal Guidelines Evaluation Project.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the factors associated with acceptance of HIV testing during pregnancy on the part of women receiving prenatal care at public clinics. METHODS: Trained interviewers recruited and interviewed 1,357 women receiving prenatal care at clinics in Florida, Connecticut, and New York City. RESULTS: Eighty-six percent of participants reported having been tested or having signed a consent form to be tested. Acceptance of testing was found to be related ...

Ferna?ndez, M. I.; Wilson, T. E.; Ethier, K. A.; Walter, E. B.; Gay, C. L.; Moore, J.

2000-01-01

89

Term perinatal mortality audit in the Netherlands 2010-2012: a population-based cohort study  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective To assess the implementation and first results of a term perinatal internal audit by a standardised method. Design Population-based cohort study. Setting All 90 Dutch hospitals with obstetric/paediatric departments linked to community practices of midwives, general practitioners in their attachment areas, organised in perinatal cooperation groups (PCG). Population The population consisted of 943 registered term perinatal deaths occurring in 2010–2012 with detailed information, including 707 cases with completed audit results. Main outcome measures Participation in the audit, perinatal death classification, identification of substandard factors (SSF), SSF in relation to death, conclusive recommendations for quality improvement in perinatal care and antepartum risk selection at the start of labour. Results After the introduction of the perinatal audit in 2010, all PCGs participated. They organised 645 audit sessions, with an average of 31 healthcare professionals per session. Of all 1102 term perinatal deaths (2.3/1000) data were registered for 86% (943) and standardised anonymised audit results for 64% (707). In 53% of the cases at least one SSF was identified. Non-compliance to guidelines (35%) and deviation from usual professional care (41%) were the most frequent SSF. There was a (very) probable relation between the SSF and perinatal death for 8% of all cases. This declined over the years: from 10% (n=23) in 2010 to 5% (n=10) in 2012 (p=0.060). Simultaneously term perinatal mortality decreased from 2.3 to 2.0/1000 births (pantepartum selected as high risk, 70% in 2010 and 84% in 2012 (p=0.0001). Conclusions The perinatal audit is implemented nationwide in all obstetrical units in the Netherlands in a short time period. It is possible that the audit contributed to the decrease in term perinatal mortality.

Eskes, Martine; Waelput, Adja J M; Erwich, Jan Jaap H M; Brouwers, Hens A A; Ravelli, Anita C J; Achterberg, Peter W; Merkus, Hans (J) M W M; Bruinse, Hein W

2014-01-01

90

Empathy and quality of care.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Empathy is a complex multi-dimensional concept that has moral cognitive emotive and behavioural components Clinical empathy involves an ability to: (a) understand the patient's situation, perspective, and feelings (and their attached meanings); (b) to communicate that understanding and check its accuracy; and (c) to act on that understanding with the patient in a helpful (therapeutic) way. Research on the effect of empathy on health outcomes in primary care is lacking, but studies in mental h...

Mercer, Stewart W.; Reynolds, William J.

2002-01-01

91

Quality of care in Crohn's disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic and progressive inflammatory disease of the intestine. Overall, healthcare delivery for patients with CD is not optimal at the present time and therefore needs improvement. There are evidences which suggest that there is a variation in the care provided to patients with CD by the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) experts and community care providers. The delivery of healthcare for patients with CD is often complex and requires coordination between gastroenterologists/IBD specialist, gastrointestinal surgeon, radiologists and IBD nurses. In order to improve the quality of health care for patients with CD, there is need that we focus on large-scale, system-wide changes including creation of IBD comprehensive care units, provision to provide continuous care, efforts to standardize care, and education of the community practitioners. PMID:25400990

Makharia, Govind K

2014-11-15

92

Quality of care in Crohn's disease  

Science.gov (United States)

Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic and progressive inflammatory disease of the intestine. Overall, healthcare delivery for patients with CD is not optimal at the present time and therefore needs improvement. There are evidences which suggest that there is a variation in the care provided to patients with CD by the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) experts and community care providers. The delivery of healthcare for patients with CD is often complex and requires coordination between gastroenterologists/IBD specialist, gastrointestinal surgeon, radiologists and IBD nurses. In order to improve the quality of health care for patients with CD, there is need that we focus on large-scale, system-wide changes including creation of IBD comprehensive care units, provision to provide continuous care, efforts to standardize care, and education of the community practitioners.

Makharia, Govind K

2014-01-01

93

Antenatal care packages with reduced visits and perinatal mortality: a secondary analysis of the WHO antenatal care trial - Comentary: routine antenatal visits for healthy pregnant women do make a difference  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The practice and timing of routine antenatal visits for healthy pregnant women, introduced arbitrarily and without evidence of effectiveness, have become entrenched in obstetric practice over the last century. In 2001 the large, cluster randomized WHO Antenatal Care Trial concluded that a goal-orientated package of antenatal care with reduced visits seemed not to affect maternal and perinatal outcomes. The reduced visit package has been implemented in several countries. The current re-analysi...

Hofmeyr, G. Justus; Hodnett, Ellen D.

2013-01-01

94

Why some women fail to give birth at health facilities: a qualitative study of women’s perceptions of perinatal care from rural Southern Malawi  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite Malawi government’s policy to support women to deliver in health facilities with the assistance of skilled attendants, some women do not access this care. Objective The study explores the reasons why women delivered at home without skilled attendance despite receiving antenatal care at a health centre and their perceptions of perinatal care. Methods A descriptive study design with qualitative data collection and analysis methods. Data were collected through face-to-face in-depth interviews using a semi- structured interview guide that collected information on women’s perception on perinatal care. A total of 12 in- depth interviews were conducted with women that had delivered at home in the period December 2010 to March 2011. The women were asked how they perceived the care they received from health workers before, during, and after delivery. Data were manually analyzed using thematic analysis. Results Onset of labor at night, rainy season, rapid labor, socio-cultural factors and health workers’ attitudes were related to the women delivering at home. The participants were assisted in the delivery by traditional birth attendants, relatives or neighbors. Two women delivered alone. Most women went to the health facility the same day after delivery. Conclusions This study reveals beliefs about labor and delivery that need to be addressed through provision of appropriate perinatal information to raise community awareness. Even though, it is not easy to change cultural beliefs to convince women to use health facilities for deliveries. There is a need for further exploration of barriers that prevent women from accessing health care for better understanding and subsequently identification of optimal solutions with involvement of the communities themselves.

Kumbani Lily

2013-02-01

95

Dengue perinatal / Perinatal dengue  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El dengue es en la actualidad la enfermedad viral más relevante de transmisión vectorial hiperendémica en las Américas. El incremento en el número de casos se ha relacionado con la aparición de dengue durante la gestación y en el periodo neonatal. De acuerdo con la edad de gestación en la que ocurra [...] la infección, podrían presentarse manifestaciones en el feto, como aborto, y en los pacientes a término, dengue neonatal. En este artículo se presenta una reseña de los casos reportados a nivel mundial, y especialmente en las Américas, así como aspectos fisiopatogénicos de la enfermedad. Abstract in english Dengue is currently the most important viral disease transmitted by arthropods and which is hyperendemic in the Americas. An increase in the number of cases is related to dengue during pregnancy and the neonatal period. According to the gestational age in which infection occurs, there could be diffe [...] rent manifestations in the fetus including abortion, malformations or neonatal dengue in newborns. This article presents a review regarding some cases reported worldwide, especially in the Americas, and some pathophysiologic issues related to perinatal dengue.

Doris Martha, Salgado; Jairo Antonio, Rodríguez; Liliana del Pilar, Lozano; Tatiana Esther, Zabaleta.

96

Dengue perinatal / Perinatal dengue  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El dengue es en la actualidad la enfermedad viral más relevante de transmisión vectorial hiperendémica en las Américas. El incremento en el número de casos se ha relacionado con la aparición de dengue durante la gestación y en el periodo neonatal. De acuerdo con la edad de gestación en la que ocurra [...] la infección, podrían presentarse manifestaciones en el feto, como aborto, y en los pacientes a término, dengue neonatal. En este artículo se presenta una reseña de los casos reportados a nivel mundial, y especialmente en las Américas, así como aspectos fisiopatogénicos de la enfermedad. Abstract in english Dengue is currently the most important viral disease transmitted by arthropods and which is hyperendemic in the Americas. An increase in the number of cases is related to dengue during pregnancy and the neonatal period. According to the gestational age in which infection occurs, there could be diffe [...] rent manifestations in the fetus including abortion, malformations or neonatal dengue in newborns. This article presents a review regarding some cases reported worldwide, especially in the Americas, and some pathophysiologic issues related to perinatal dengue.

Doris Martha, Salgado; Jairo Antonio, Rodríguez; Liliana del Pilar, Lozano; Tatiana Esther, Zabaleta.

2013-09-01

97

Perinatal neuroprotection.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fetal or neonatal brain injury can result in lifelong neurologic disability. The most significant risk factor for perinatal brain injury is prematurity; however, in absolute numbers, full-term infants represent the majority of affected children. Research on strategies to prevent or mitigate the impact of perinatal brain injury ("perinatal neuroprotection") has established the mitigating roles of magnesium sulfate administration for preterm infants and therapeutic hypothermia for term infants with suspected perinatal brain injury. Banked umbilical cord blood, erythropoietin, and a number of other agents that may improve neuronal repair show promise for improving outcomes following perinatal brain injury in animal models. Other preventative strategies include delayed umbilical cord clamping in preterm infants and progesterone in women with prior preterm birth or short cervix and avoidance of infections. Despite these advances, we have not successfully decreased the rate of preterm birth, nor are we able to predict term infants at risk of hypoxic brain injury in order to intervene prior to the hypoxic event. Further, we lack the ability to modulate the sequelae of neuronal cell insults or the ability to repair brain injury after it has been sustained. As a consequence, despite exciting advances in the field of perinatal neuroprotection, perinatal brain injury still impacts thousands of newborns each year with significant long-term morbidity and mortality. PMID:24592318

Salmeen, Kirsten E; Jelin, Angie C; Thiet, Mari-Paule

2014-01-01

98

Perinatal needs of immigrant Hmong women: surveys of women and health care providers.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Hill People of Laos in Southeast Asia, who are called the Hmong, are from a primitive culture which has had a written language for only 31 years. By 1980, about 3,000 of them were living in Colorado, one of 9 States to which they had migrated. In an effort to determine whether or not local health care service was accessible and acceptable to child-bearing families, a pilot survey was conducted in the Denver area. The survey consisted of interviews of the Hmong women themselves and questio...

Faller, H. S.

1985-01-01

99

Use of Care, Outcomes and Costs of a Culturally-based Perinatal Program for Asian American and Pacific Islander Women in Hawaii.  

Science.gov (United States)

PURPOSE. This study examines whether psychosocial perinatal care services developed through community partnerships and cultural deference with attention to individual women's health issues, had an assocaited impact on use of prenatal care, birth outcomes and perinatal care costs for the three participating Asian Pacific Islander American ethinc groups. METHODS. The use of prenatal care visits and birth outcomes for women in the Malama program were compared to those for women of the same etnic groups in the community prior to the introduction of the program. Data on program participants from 1992 to 1994 were compared to birth certificate data on Hawaiian, Filipino and Japanese women from 1988 to 1991. Costs of providing Malama prenatal services were determined from data provided by cost accounting and encounter data systems for the program. SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT FINDINGS. The use of prenatal care visits and birth outcomes were significantly lower for Malama program participants than for women of the same ethnic groups prior to the introduction of the program. The costs of the prenatal program services were $846 to $920 per woman. The expected savings in medical costs per infant with the improved preterm birth rates were $680 per infant. Thus 75% to 80% of the costs of the services were likely to be saved in lower medical costs of the infants. MAJOR CONCLUSIONS. Programs that use community approaches and caring servies delivered in a cultural context, like the Malama model, have a potential for improving the use of prenatal care and birth outcomes at reasonable costs. RELEVANCE TO ASIAN PACIFIC ISLANDER AMERICAN POPULATIONS. The Malama approach to ascertaining cultural preferences for the content and delivery of care should prove useful in addressing public health goals of improved pregnancy outcomes for diverse groups of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. KEY WORDS. Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, pregnancy, prenatal care, low birthweight, preterm birth, cultural competency, community partnerships, costs, cost effectiveness. PMID:11567478

Affonso, Dyanne D.; Korenbrot, Carol C.; De, Anindya K.; Mayberry, Linda J.

1999-01-01

100

Changes in Perinatal Care and Predictors of In-Hospital Mortality for Very Low Birth Weight Preterm Infants  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Mortality of very low birth weight premature infants is of great public health concern. To better guide local intervention program, it is essential that current and reliable statistics be collected to understand the factors associated with mortality of these infants.Methods: Data of very low birth weight premature infants admitted to a neonatal unit during 2002-2009 was retrospectively collected. Changes in perinatal care between two halves of the study period (2002-2005 and 2006-2009 were identified. Factors associated with in-hospital mortality were found by logistic regression and a predictive score model was established.Findings: A total of 475 cases were enrolled. In-hospital mortality decreased from 29.8% in 2002-2005 to 28.1% in 2006-2009 (P>0.05. More infants born<28 gestational weeks survived to discharge in the latter epoch (38.1% vs. 8.3%, P<0.05. Persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn, pulmonary hemorrhage, birth weight <1000 grams, gestational age <33 weeks, feeding before 3 postnatal days and enteral feeding were found predictors of in-hospital mortality by logistic regression. The discriminating ability of the predictive model was 82.4% and the cutoff point was -0.56.Conclusion: Survival of very low birth weight premature neonates was not significantly improved in 2006-2009 than 2002-2005. Infants with a score higher than -0.56 were assessed to be at high risk of in-hospital mortality. Multi-center studies of planned follow-up are needed to develop a comprehensive and applicable score system

Ying Dong

2012-09-01

 
 
 
 
101

Comportamiento del embarazo prolongado en el servicio de cuidados perinatales / Behavior of prolonged pregnancy at the perinatal care service  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El embarazo prolongado es todavía un tema lleno de controversias. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo longitudinal y descriptivo de todas las pacientes con diagnóstico de embarazo prolongado que ingresaron en el servicio de cuidados perinatales del hospital docente ginecoobstétrico de Guanabacoa dur [...] ante el año 2002. Se seleccionó un grupo control de los 4 primeros nacimientos de cada mes con una edad gestacional entre 37 y 41 semanas. El 60,4 % del total de pacientes fueron nulíparas y el 49,4 % comenzó el trabajo de parto espontáneamente; prevaleció el parto inducido, 67,4 % en las pacientes del grupo estudio. Hubo un total de 30 mujeres a las que se les realizó cesárea y de ellas el mayor porcentaje, 46,5 %, correspondió también al grupo estudio. En este grupo se apreció líquido amniótico meconial en un mayor número de mujeres con relación al grupo control, no hubo recién nacidos severamente deprimidos y en el 16,2 % de estas pacientes el peso de sus productos fue mayor o igual a 4 000 g. Se concluyó que el comportamiento del embarazo prolongado en el hospital ginecoobstétrico de Guanabacoa fue similar en lo fundamental en lo descrito a la literatura médica revisada. Abstract in english Prolonged pregnancy is still a controversial topic. A retrospective, longitudinal and descriptive study of all patients with prolonged pregnancy that were admitted at the perinatal care service of the Gynecoobstetric Teaching Hospital of Guanabacoa during 2002, was conducted. A control group of the [...] first four births of every month with a gestational age between 37 and 41 weeks was selected. 60.4 % of the total of patients were nulliparas and 49.4 % began the labor spontaneously. Induced delivery prevailed (67.4 %) in patients from the study group. A total of 30 women underwent cesarean section and of them, the highest percentage, 46.5 %, corresponded to the study group. The meconial amniotic fluid predominated in the study group, 46.6 %. There were no severely depressed newborn infants in the study. Only 5.4 % of the newborn infants had low Apgar score at the minute of extrauterine life. In 16.2 % of the study group, birth weight was ³ 4 000 grams.

Vivian Asunción, Álvarez Ponce; Ana María, Lugo Sánchez; Aleida Zaida, Alvarez Sánchez; Milagros Eusebia, Muñiz Rizo.

102

Comportamiento del embarazo prolongado en el servicio de cuidados perinatales Behavior of prolonged pregnancy at the perinatal care service  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El embarazo prolongado es todavía un tema lleno de controversias. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo longitudinal y descriptivo de todas las pacientes con diagnóstico de embarazo prolongado que ingresaron en el servicio de cuidados perinatales del hospital docente ginecoobstétrico de Guanabacoa durante el año 2002. Se seleccionó un grupo control de los 4 primeros nacimientos de cada mes con una edad gestacional entre 37 y 41 semanas. El 60,4 % del total de pacientes fueron nulíparas y el 49,4 % comenzó el trabajo de parto espontáneamente; prevaleció el parto inducido, 67,4 % en las pacientes del grupo estudio. Hubo un total de 30 mujeres a las que se les realizó cesárea y de ellas el mayor porcentaje, 46,5 %, correspondió también al grupo estudio. En este grupo se apreció líquido amniótico meconial en un mayor número de mujeres con relación al grupo control, no hubo recién nacidos severamente deprimidos y en el 16,2 % de estas pacientes el peso de sus productos fue mayor o igual a 4 000 g. Se concluyó que el comportamiento del embarazo prolongado en el hospital ginecoobstétrico de Guanabacoa fue similar en lo fundamental en lo descrito a la literatura médica revisada.Prolonged pregnancy is still a controversial topic. A retrospective, longitudinal and descriptive study of all patients with prolonged pregnancy that were admitted at the perinatal care service of the Gynecoobstetric Teaching Hospital of Guanabacoa during 2002, was conducted. A control group of the first four births of every month with a gestational age between 37 and 41 weeks was selected. 60.4 % of the total of patients were nulliparas and 49.4 % began the labor spontaneously. Induced delivery prevailed (67.4 % in patients from the study group. A total of 30 women underwent cesarean section and of them, the highest percentage, 46.5 %, corresponded to the study group. The meconial amniotic fluid predominated in the study group, 46.6 %. There were no severely depressed newborn infants in the study. Only 5.4 % of the newborn infants had low Apgar score at the minute of extrauterine life. In 16.2 % of the study group, birth weight was ³ 4 000 grams.

Vivian Asunción Álvarez Ponce

2004-08-01

103

Utility of local health registers in measuring perinatal mortality: A case study in rural Indonesia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Perinatal mortality is an important indicator of obstetric and newborn care services. Although the vast majority of global perinatal mortality is estimated to occur in developing countries, there is a critical paucity of reliable data at the local level to inform health policy, plan health care services, and monitor their impact. This paper explores the utility of information from village health registers to measure perinatal mortality at the sub district level in a rural area of Indonesia. Methods A retrospective pregnancy cohort for 2007 was constructed by triangulating data from antenatal care, birth, and newborn care registers in a sample of villages in three rural sub districts in Central Java, Indonesia. For each pregnancy, birth outcome and first week survival were traced and recorded from the different registers, as available. Additional local death records were consulted to verify perinatal mortality, or identify deaths not recorded in the health registers. Analyses were performed to assess data quality from registers, and measure perinatal mortality rates. Qualitative research was conducted to explore knowledge and practices of village midwives in register maintenance and reporting of perinatal mortality. Results Field activities were conducted in 23 villages, covering a total of 1759 deliveries that occurred in 2007. Perinatal mortality outcomes were 23 stillbirths and 15 early neonatal deaths, resulting in a perinatal mortality rate of 21.6 per 1000 live births in 2007. Stillbirth rates for the study population were about four times the rates reported in the routine Maternal and Child Health program information system. Inadequate awareness and supervision, and alternate workload were cited by local midwives as factors resulting in inconsistent data reporting. Conclusions Local maternal and child health registers are a useful source of information on perinatal mortality in rural Indonesia. Suitable training, supervision, and quality control, in conjunction with computerisation to strengthen register maintenance can provide routine local area measures of perinatal mortality for health policy, and monitoring of newborn care interventions. Similar efforts are required to strengthen routine health data in all developing countries, to guide planned progress towards reduction in the local, national and international burden from perinatal mortality.

Adair Timothy

2011-03-01

104

Countrywide analysis of perinatal outcome.  

Science.gov (United States)

The computer laboratory of the Research Institute for the Care of Mother and Child in Prague performs annually a countrywide analysis of perinatal outcome in order to obtain a background for the preparation of the optimal strategy for improving perinatal care in CSR in the future. The total as well as weight specific perinatal mortality rate further sub-divided into early neonatal death rate and late fetal death rate and differentiated according to the birthweight, was correlated with the incidence of different factors influencing the perinatal mortality rate both countrywide and for each of the eight provinces of CSR. This way a correlation was found between some of the mentioned perinatal outcomes and e.g. instrumental equipment of obstetrical departments and neonatal intensive care units, frequency of caesarean sections, or transport of LBW newborns in incubators or "in utero" etc. The results of this analysis have proved that there still remain in some provinces opportunity for further decrease in perinatal mortality due to the incomplete observance of the two intervention strategies "Risk approach" and "New technology" which were introduced in the whole country during the last 10 years. PMID:3221298

Stembera, Z; Kravka, A; Mandys, F

1988-01-01

105

Perinatal tuberculosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Perinatal tuberculosis is insufficiently understood. Its early diagnosis is essential but often difficult as the initial manifestations may be delayed. Improved screening of women at risk and sensitivity of the medical community are necessary. A coherent system of cooperation between the hospital and community services and between pediatricians and adult physicians is indispensable to find the index adult case to break the chain of contagion as well as to offer prophylactic therapy to the children at risk. We hereby report a baby with perinatal tuberculosis who was not offered any prophylactic therapy inspite of the mother being diagnosed to have pulmonary tuberculosis. PMID:11370442

Ray, M; Goraya, J S; Basu, S; Parmar, V

2001-04-01

106

Producing peak performers--the key to quality patient care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Quality patient care extends only as far as those who deliver such care. To unlock quality service in each employee, the manager must address three combinations that include recruitment, training, and environment. PMID:10123148

Daniel, D; Harter, J; Yeh, A

1993-01-01

107

Perinatal care at the limit of viability between 22 and 26 completed weeks of gestation in Switzerland. 2011 revision of the Swiss recommendations.  

Science.gov (United States)

Perinatal care of pregnant women at high risk for preterm delivery and of preterm infants born at the limit of viability (22-26 completed weeks of gestation) requires a multidisciplinary approach by an experienced perinatal team. Limited precision in the determination of both gestational age and foetal weight, as well as biological variability may significantly affect the course of action chosen in individual cases. The decisions that must be taken with the pregnant women and on behalf of the preterm infant in this context are complex and have far-reaching consequences. When counselling pregnant women and their partners, neonatologists and obstetricians should provide them with comprehensive information in a sensitive and supportive way to build a basis of trust. The decisions are developed in a continuing dialogue between all parties involved (physicians, midwives, nursing staff and parents) with the principal aim to find solutions that are in the infant's and pregnant woman's best interest. Knowledge of current gestational age-specific mortality and morbidity rates and how they are modified by prenatally known prognostic factors (estimated foetal weight, sex, exposure or nonexposure to antenatal corticosteroids, single or multiple births) as well as the application of accepted ethical principles form the basis for responsible decision-making. Communication between all parties involved plays a central role. The members of the interdisciplinary working group suggest that the care of preterm infants with a gestational age between 22 0/7 and 23 6/7 weeks should generally be limited to palliative care. Obstetric interventions for foetal indications such as Caesarean section delivery are usually not indicated. In selected cases, for example, after 23 weeks of pregnancy have been completed and several of the above mentioned prenatally known prognostic factors are favourable or well informed parents insist on the initiation of life-sustaining therapies, active obstetric interventions for foetal indications and provisional intensive care of the neonate may be reasonable. In preterm infants with a gestational age between 24 0/7 and 24 6/7 weeks, it can be difficult to determine whether the burden of obstetric interventions and neonatal intensive care is justified given the limited chances of success of such a therapy. In such cases, the individual constellation of prenatally known factors which impact on prognosis can be helpful in the decision making process with the parents. In preterm infants with a gestational age between 25 0/7 and 25 6/7 weeks, foetal surveillance, obstetric interventions for foetal indications and neonatal intensive care measures are generally indicated. However, if several prenatally known prognostic factors are unfavourable and the parents agree, primary non-intervention and neonatal palliative care can be considered. All pregnant women with threatening preterm delivery or premature rupture of membranes at the limit of viability must be transferred to a perinatal centre with a level III neonatal intensive care unit no later than 23 0/7 weeks of gestation, unless emergency delivery is indicated. An experienced neonatology team should be involved in all deliveries that take place after 23 0/7 weeks of gestation to help to decide together with the parents if the initiation of intensive care measures appears to be appropriate or if preference should be given to palliative care (i.e., primary non-intervention). In doubtful situations, it can be reasonable to initiate intensive care and to admit the preterm infant to a neonatal intensive care unit (i.e., provisional intensive care). The infant's clinical evolution and additional discussions with the parents will help to clarify whether the life-sustaining therapies should be continued or withdrawn. Life support is continued as long as there is reasonable hope for survival and the infant's burden of intensive care is acceptable. If, on the other hand, the health care team and the parents have to recognise that in the light of a very poor prognosis the burden o

Berger, Thomas M; Bernet, Vera; El Alama, Susanna; Fauchère, Jean-Claude; Hösli, Irène; Irion, Olivier; Kind, Christian; Latal, Bea; Nelle, Mathias; Pfister, Riccardo E; Surbek, Daniel; Truttmann, Anita C; Wisser, Joseph; Zimmermann, Roland

2011-01-01

108

RECURRENT PERINATAL LOSS: A CASE STUDY*  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To date, investigators have not demonstrated a clear relationship between a parent’s history of prior perinatal losses and intensity of grief response following a subsequent perinatal loss. Examining this relationship for low-income, African-American parents is important because they are a vulnerable population due to the high incidence of perinatal mortality in Blacks and their other life stressors that can impact on grief response and caring needs. The purpose of this case study was to ex...

Kavanaugh, Karen; Robertson, Pamela A.

1999-01-01

109

Improving the quality of perinatal mental health: a health visitor-led protocol.  

Science.gov (United States)

The mental health of mothers is of significant concern to community practitioners. This paper reports on a case study exploring the success factors of a well established, health visitor-led protocol to identify and treat women with mild to moderate depression. Data were collected through interviews with a purposive sample of 12 community practitioners, a focus group of four health visitors and observation of a multidisciplinary steering group meeting. The protocol was described as an evidence-based tool and safety net that could be used flexibly to support clinical judgments and tailored to individual needs. Success factors included frontline clinician engagement and ownership, continuity of leadership to drive development and maintain momentum, comprehensive and on-going staff training, and strategic support for the protocol as a quality indicator at a time of organisational change. Quality and clinical leadership are continuing policy priorities. The protocol enabled frontline staff to lead a service innovation, providing a standardised multiprofessional approach to women's mental health needs through effective support, advice and treatment that can be measured and quality assured. PMID:21388041

Lewis, Anne; Ilot, Irene; Lekka, Chrysanthi; Oluboyede, Yemi

2011-02-01

110

Delivery of maternal health care in Indigenous primary care services: baseline data for an ongoing quality improvement initiative  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous populations have disproportionately high rates of adverse perinatal outcomes relative to other Australians. Poorer access to good quality maternal health care is a key driver of this disparity. The aim of this study was to describe patterns of delivery of maternity care and service gaps in primary care services in Australian Indigenous communities. Methods We undertook a cross-sectional baseline audit for a quality improvement intervention. Medical records of 535 women from 34 Indigenous community health centres in five regions (Top End of Northern Territory 13, Central Australia 2, Far West New South Wales 6, Western Australia 9, and North Queensland 4 were audited. The main outcome measures included: adherence to recommended protocols and procedures in the antenatal and postnatal periods including: clinical, laboratory and ultrasound investigations; screening for gestational diabetes and Group B Streptococcus; brief intervention/advice on health-related behaviours and risks; and follow up of identified health problems. Results The proportion of women presenting for their first antenatal visit in the first trimester ranged from 34% to 49% between regions; consequently, documentation of care early in pregnancy was poor. Overall, documentation of routine antenatal investigations and brief interventions/advice regarding health behaviours varied, and generally indicated that these services were underutilised. For example, 46% of known smokers received smoking cessation advice/counselling; 52% of all women received antenatal education and 51% had investigation for gestational diabetes. Overall, there was relatively good documentation of follow up of identified problems related to hypertension or diabetes, with over 70% of identified women being referred to a GP/Obstetrician. Conclusion Participating services had both strengths and weaknesses in the delivery of maternal health care. Increasing access to evidence-based screening and health information (most notably around smoking cessation were consistently identified as opportunities for improvement across services.

Kwedza Ru K

2011-03-01

111

Quality Aspects of Maternal Health Care in Tanzania  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis assesses some indicators of quality for maternity care in Tanzania, using antenatal management of anaemia and hypertension and emergency obstetric care as focal points. The care of pregnant women consecutively enrolled in antenatal care (n=379) was observed and compared with quality standard criteria. From a tertiary level labour ward 741 cases of eclampsia were identified and their antenatal care analyzed. A health systems analysis was performed for 205 cases of pregnancy complic...

Urassa, David Paradiso

2004-01-01

112

Carepaths: a framework for quality patient care  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose/Objective: The goals of a carepath are to provide a framework for quality patient care, enhance collaborative practice, improve resource utilization, and increase patient satisfaction. Carepaths are designed to move the patient toward specific clinical outcomes, which have been defined by a multidisciplinary team. Carepaths enhance the quality improvement process by tracking clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction. The purpose of this report is to share the 1996 results of our breast cancer carepath. Methods: In 1994 the multidisciplinary Quality Improvement Committee of the Division of Radiation Oncology constructed a carepath for women with breast cancer receiving breast or chest wall radiation. Eleven clinical outcomes were defined which reflected the educational and selfcare focus of the carepath. Recording on the carepath of patient attainment of the outcomes was done by the RN, RTT and MD. Patient satisfaction tools were designed by the quality improvement committee in conjunction with the Department of Marketing Support. Each patient was given a written survey at two points along the carepath: post simulation and post treatment. Results: Ninety-five women were placed on the breast carepath in 1996. Outcomes were reviewed for 40 of these carepaths. The return rate of patient satisfaction surveys post simulation and post treatment approached 99%. Overall satisfaction was high with 76% of patients feeling 'very satisfied' with the simulation process andsatisfied' with the simulation process and 93% 'very satisfied' with the treatment experience. Common themes noted in anecdotes related to comfort and privacy issues. Conclusions: Based on our experience, carepaths facilitated the structuring of a comprehensive and collaborative approach to patient care. Strategies for process improvement were guided by the ongoing surveillance of clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction

113

Perinatal Asphyxia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Asphyxia before, during or after delivery is an important cause of perinatal mortality and neurologic morbidity. The fetus and newborn are equipped with a wide range of adaptive mechanisms to survive an Asphyxia episode, and when these fail, injury can occur. The American academy or pediatrics (AAP and the American college of obstetrics and gynecology (AcoG committees on maternal-fetal medicine and fetus and newborn have recently defined certain criteria that must be present: Profound umbilical artery metabolic or mixed academia (PH<700, persistence of an apgar score of 0 to 3 for longer than 5 minutes, neonatal neurologic sequelae (E.g., seizures, coma, hypotonia, and multiorgan system dysfunction (E.g., cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, hematologic, pulmonary or renal. In cases in which such evidence is laking, we cannot conclude that perinatal Asphyxia exists. The staging of the encephalopathy is useful for determination of prognosis. Those with mild encephalopathy do well, those with severe encephalopathy have a poor prognosis. The outcome of these with moderate (Stage II hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is less certain, however, these children are at risk for neurologic disability and future academic failure. Overall tests used to evaluate subtle changes that may relate to perinatal hypoxic-ischemic injury have been inadequate, future studies should include tests of acquisition of new learning, memory, problem solving, and reasoning.

H Shajari

2000-06-01

114

[Evidence-based management of perinatal depression].  

Science.gov (United States)

Perinatal depression, which may occur from pregnancy to one year after childbirth, is recognized by the World Health Organization as a significant health issue affecting women. Depression during the perinatal period can have enormous consequences, not only affecting the health of the woman herself but also influencing her interaction with her children and other family members. This article introduces several depression screening tools and evidence-based nonpharmacological managements of perinatal depression. There are some fairly valid and feasible screening methods, among which routinely screening perinatal women with EPDS (Edinburgh Perinatal Depression Scale) or BDI (Beck Depression Inventory) in the primary care setting is practicable. A survey of the limited literature available reveals that interpersonal psychotherapy, cognitive behavior therapy and listening to music provide quantifiable depression amelioration effects for perinatal women. More scientific research moderated by women's life experiences and preferences should be conducted, however, and applied to improve women's health. PMID:18393203

Chang, Mei-Yueh; Chen, Chung-Hey

2008-04-01

115

Care seeking at time of childbirth, and maternal and perinatal mortality in Matlab, Bangladesh / Recours aux soins au moment de l'accouchement et mortalité maternelle et périnatale à Matlab, au Bangladesh / Búsqueda de atención para el parto y mortalidad materna y perinatal en Matlab, Bangladesh  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Estudiar la naturaleza de la relación entre el recurso a asistencia calificada en torno al momento del parto y la mortalidad materna y perinatal. MÉTODOS: Analizamos datos del sistema de vigilancia sanitaria y demográfica reunidos entre 1987 y 2005 por el Centro Internacional de Investigac [...] ión de Enfermedades Diarreicas de Bangladesh en Matlab, Bangladesh. RESULTADOS: El estudio registró 59 165 embarazos, 173 muertes maternas, 1661 defunciones prenatales y 1418 muertes neonatales tempranas en su zona de influencia a lo largo del periodo de estudio. Durante ese tiempo, el recurso a asistencia calificada durante el parto aumentó del 5,2% al 52,6%. Más de la mitad (57,8%) de las mujeres que murieron y una tercera parte (33,7%) de las que tuvieron un problema de mortalidad perinatal (esto es, de los casos de mortinatalidad o mortalidad neonatal precoz) habían buscado asistencia especializada. La mortalidad materna fue baja entre las mujeres que no buscaron atención especializada (160 por 100 000 embarazos) y unas 32 veces superior (razón de posibilidades ajustada, OR: 31,66; intervalo de confianza del 95%: 22,03-45,48) entre las que entraron en contacto con servicios de atención obstétrica integral de emergencia. A lo largo del tiempo, la solidez de la relación entre atención obstétrica calificada y mortalidad materna disminuyó paralelamente al aumento del número de mujeres que buscaban atención. La mortalidad perinatal fue también más alta entre las mujeres que buscaron atención especializada que entre las que no lo hicieron, aunque en este caso la asociación fue mucho más débil. CONCLUSIÓN: Considerando los elevados valores de las razones de mortalidad materna y las tasas de mortalidad perinatal entre las mujeres que buscaron atención obstétrica, es necesario hacer un mayor esfuerzo para lograr que las mujeres y sus recién nacidos reciban una atención obstétrica eficaz a su debido tiempo. Para reducir la mortalidad perinatal se requerirán estrategias como la detección y el tratamiento tempranos de los problemas de salud durante el embarazo. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To examine the nature of the relationship between the use of skilled attendance around the time of delivery and maternal and perinatal mortality. METHODS: We analysed health and demographic surveillance system data collected between 1987 and 2005 by the International Centre for Diarrhoeal [...] Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) in Matlab, Bangladesh. FINDINGS: The study recorded 59 165 pregnancies, 173 maternal deaths, 1661 stillbirths and 1418 early neonatal deaths in its service area over the study period. During that time, the use of skilled attendance during childbirth increased from 5.2% to 52.6%. More than half (57.8%) of the women who died and one-third (33.7%) of those who experienced a perinatal death (i.e. a stillbirth or early neonatal death) had sought skilled attendance. Maternal mortality was low among women who did not seek skilled care (160 per 100 000 pregnancies) and was nearly 32 times higher (adjusted odds ratio, OR: 31.66; 95% confidence interval, CI: 22.03-45.48) among women who came into contact with comprehensive emergency obstetric care. Over time, the strength of the association between skilled obstetric care and maternal mortality declined as more women sought such care. Perinatal death rates were also higher for those who sought skilled care than for those who did not, although the strength of association was much weaker. CONCLUSION: Given the high maternal mortality ratio and perinatal mortality rate among women who sought obstetric care, more work is needed to ensure that women and their neonates receive timely and effective obstetric care. Reductions in perinatal mortality will require strategies such as early detection and management of health problems during pregnancy.

Carine, Ronsmans; Mahbub Elahi, Chowdhury; Marge, Koblinsky; Anisuddin, Ahmed.

2010-04-01

116

38 CFR 51.120 - Quality of care.  

Science.gov (United States)

... 2010-07-01 false Quality of care. 51.120 Section...CONTINUED) PER DIEM FOR NURSING HOME CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE... Standards § 51.120 Quality of care. Each resident...that results in the loss of life or limb or permanent loss...

2010-07-01

117

Molecular imaging in quality health care  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Quality Health Care results from applying fundamental basic science and preclinical concepts as well as novel technologies to patient care within specific socio-economic frameworks. Cancer mortality has improved recently but outcomes of cancer patients are still unacceptably poor. Molecular Imaging has the potential to improve the outcome of cancer patients in several ways. In the preclinical setting, high resolution molecular imaging devices designed for small animal research have developed into valuable tools for drug evaluation and imaging probe design. These have enabled us to study drug effects in vivo by monitoring longitudinally their effects on tumor cell metabolism or proliferation. The success of Imatinib in treating chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) has demonstrated that targeted drugs can induce remarkable tumor responses and may even cure cancer patients. Targeted drugs have been used for treating various common solid human tumors, including breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and non-small cell lung cancer. However, diverse signaling pathways are involved in the development and progression of these genetically heterogeneous diseases. Consequently, inhibition of one specific pathway is likely to be efficacious in only in small subsets of patients with specific histological tumor types. It is unlikely that a single 'blockbuster' drug can be effective for all patients with a 'common' tumor. Rather, it will be with a 'common' tumor. Rather, it will be necessary to develop multiple targeted drugs even for patients that share a single histologically defined tumor type. The inevitable consequence is a decreased revenue/cost ratio for the industry and increasing costs for patients and health care systems. It is therefore of paramount importance to identify drug failure as early as possible in preclinical and clinical trials. Human studies with positron emission tomography (PET) with molecular imaging probes targeting physiological processes such as glycolysis, lipid synthesis, amino acid transport, cell surface receptors, gene expression and others are available for evaluating in animal experimental studies and humans the extent of disease as well as treatment effects in vivo. With the advent of PET/CT anatomic and molecular images can be fused affording assignment of normal or abnormal molecular imaging findings to specific anatomical structures. The major vendors have invested millions of dollars into bringing together the highest quality CT with 'state of the art' PET instrumentation. Similar technology mergers are currently happening for PET and MRI. These technological advances come at a time of increasing health care expenditures worldwide. One must therefore carefully evaluate whether the increasing costs are met by increasing effectiveness of the technology. This needs to be carefully determined within the varying health care systems and frameworks. This presentation will provide cancer statistics, introduce molecular imaging tools and will describe the concept of targeted imaging. Animal experimental studies will be used to demonstrate promising treatment approaches in vivo and how imaging can be used to monitor therapeutic effects. Further, the clinical molecular PET/CT imaging technology will be introduced and its impact on patient management and cost-effectiveness will be reviewed and discussed within the confines of different health care systems. Finally, Initial clinical trials will be presented that use molecular PET rather than anatomical CT imaging for prospectively arriving at patient management decisions. (author)

118

Complicaciones maternas y mortalidad perinatal en el Síndrome de Hellp: Registro multicéntrtico en unidades de cuidados intensivos del área Buenos Aires Maternal morbidity and perinatal mortality in HELLP syndrome. Multicentric studies in intensive care units in Buenos Aires area  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se analizaron en forma retrospectiva las características clínicas, complicaciones, gravedad, y sobrevivencia materna y fetal, en un grupo de gestantes con síndrome HELLP ( Hemolysis , Elevated Liver enzyme levels, Low Platelet count que requirieron admisión en cuatro unidades de cuidados intensivos del área metropolitana Buenos Aires, Argentina. Durante el período comprendido entre marzo de 1997 y marzo de 2003 se evaluaron 62 pacientes en la segunda mitad del embarazo o el puerperio inmediato que cumplían criterios diagnósticos de hipertensión inducida por el embarazo, asociado a plaquetopenia 70 UI/l, láctico deshidrogenasa >600 UI/l, bilirrubina total >1.2 mg / dl , y/o frotis de sangre periférica con signos de hemólisis. La edad promedio fue 28 ± 8 años; número de gestas promedio 2.7 ± 2.3; edad gestacional media 33 ± 4 semanas. Según el grado de plaquetopenia, 23 casos pertenecieron a la clase 1, 29 a la clase 2 y el resto a la clase 3 de la clasificación de Martin . Hubo 16 formas eclámpticas. El recuento plaquetario promedio fue 67 604 ± 31 535/ mm3 ; TGO 271 ± 297 UI/l; TGP 209 ± 178 UI/l; LDH 1 444 ± 1 295 UI/l; creatininemia 1.1 ± 0.8 mg / dl. Cuarenta y una pacientes cursaron con diverso grado de deterioro del filtrado glomerular, con requerimiento de tratamiento hemodialítico y plasmaféresis en un caso. Se presentó insuficiencia respiratoria vinculada a síndrome de distrés respiratorio del adulto en cuatro enfermas. Todas las puérperas sobrevivieron y se comprobaron cuatro muertes perinatales. En la población estudiada, se observó baja prevalencia de complicaciones graves, óptima sobrevivencia materna y baja mortalidad perinatal.We analized the clinical characteristics, complications, severity, and maternal and fetal survival of patients suffering from HELLP syndrome ( Hemolysis , Elevated Liver enzymes level, Low Platelet count requiring admission to the intensive care unit in four hospitals from Buenos Aires area, Argentina. Data was revised in the charts from March 1997 to March 2003 and 62 patients were included in the study. During the second half of pregnancy or immediate puerperal period, diagnostic criteria were defined on the basis of preeclampsia and the following laboratory abnormalities: platelet count nadir 70 UI/l, and serum lactic dehydrogenase >600 UI/l, total bilirubin >1.2 mg/dl and/or periferical blood smear with hemolysis. The mean maternal age was 28 ± 8 years; parity 2.7 ± 2.3; gestational age 33 ± 4 weeks. According to platelet count, 23 cases were identified to class 1, 29 to class 2 and the rest to Martin's class 3. There were 16 eclamptic patients. The platelet count was 67 604 ± 31 535/mm3; alanine aminotransferase 271 ± 297 UI/l; aspartate aminotransferase 209 ± 178 UI/l; serum lactic dehydrogenase 1 444 ± 1 295 UI/l; serum creatininine levels 1.1 ± 0.8 mg/dl. Forty-one patients had diverse degree of renal function damage, renal dialysis and plasmapheresis was required in one female. Respiratory failure due to pulmonary edema was observed in four patients. All obstetric patients survived. There were four perinatal deaths. In our population sample, low rate of life-threatening maternal complications and low perinatal mortality were observed.

Eduardo Malvino

2005-03-01

119

[Perinatal Information System. Incorporation latency and impact on perinatal clinical registry].  

Science.gov (United States)

The Perinatal Information System (SIP) is a clinical record, local management and quality assurance software standard in Latin America and the Caribbean. The time to implement SIP in a Maternity Hospital is evaluated as well as the effect of statistics on perinatal health indicators in subsequent years. In the sample of 20 Maternity Hospitals (5 Countries, 40% Private and 60% Public) 85% had a reliable information system by the third year of use of SIP. 15% of hospitals still had problems at that time that were already clear during the second year, a time corrective measures can still be taken. The evaluation of the impact of yearly reports shows that 58% of recommendations were fulfilled, specially those regarding the complete filling-in of clinical records (62%) and to a lesser extent variables that reflect clinical practices and organization of services (52%). The conclusion is that Maternity Hospitals in Latin America and the Caribbean have the capacity to adopt a complex tool of computerized clinical records for quality assurance of perinatal care and monitoring of health indicators. PMID:11816526

Simini, F; Fernández, A; Sosa, C; Díaz Rossello, J L

2001-10-01

120

Increasing access to quality health care for the poor: Community perceptions on quality care in Uganda  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Julie Kiguli1, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho1, Olico Okui1, Aloysius Mutebi1, Hayley MacGregor2, George William Pariyo11Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda; 2Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, UKAbstract: This paper examines the community’s perspectives and perceptions on quality of health care delivery in two Uganda districts. The paper addresses community concerns on service quality. It focuses on the poor because they are a vulnerable group and often bear a huge burden of disease. Community views were solicited and obtained using eight focus group discussions, six in-depth and 12 key informant interviews. User perceptions and definitions of the quality of health services depended on a number of variables related to technical competence, accessibility to services, interpersonal relations and presence of adequate drugs, supplies, staff, and facility amenities. Results indicate that service delivery to the poor in the general population is perceived to be of low quality. The factors that were mentioned as affecting the quality of services delivered were inadequate trained health workers, shortage of essential drugs, poor attitude of the health workers, and long distances to health facilities. This paper argues that there should be an improvement in the quality of health services with particular attention being paid to the poor. Despite wide focus on improvement of the existing infrastructure and donor funding, there is still low satisfaction with health services and poor perceived accessibility.Keywords: quality, health care, poor, community, perceptions, utilization

Julie Kiguli

2009-03-01

 
 
 
 
121

Evaluating the Quality of the Child Care in Finland  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study we examine parents' and teachers' perceptions of the early childhood education and care (ECEC) quality in Finland. The study is based on the paradigm of inclusionary quality and the assessment is based on the quality evaluation model. The parents and teachers assess the quality to be good. The strength of the quality was the effect…

Hujala, Eeva; Fonsen, Elina; Elo, Janniina

2012-01-01

122

An urban perinatal health programme of strategies to improve perinatal health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Promotion of a healthy pregnancy is a top priority of the health care policy in many European countries. Perinatal mortality is an important indicator of the success of this policy. Recently, it was shown that the Netherlands has relatively high perinatal death rates when compared to other European countries. This is in particular true for large cities where perinatal mortality rates are 20–50% higher than elsewhere. Consequently in the Netherlands, there is heated debate on how to tackle t...

Denktas?, S.; Bonsel, G. J.; Weg, E. J.; Voorham, A. J.; Torij, H. W.; Graaf, J. P.; Wildschut, H. I. J.; Peters, I. A.; Birnie, E.; Steegers-theunissen, R. P. M.

2012-01-01

123

Tennessee Star-Quality Child Care Program: QRS Profile. The Child Care Quality Rating System (QRS) Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a profile of Tennessee's Star-Quality Child Care Program prepared as part of the Child Care Quality Rating System (QRS) Assessment Study. The profile consists of several sections and their corresponding descriptions including: (1) Program Information; (2) Rating Details; (3) Quality Indicators for Center-Based Programs; (4)…

Child Trends, 2010

2010-01-01

124

Calidad de los datos utilizados para el cálculo de indicadores de salud reproductiva y perinatal en población autóctona e inmigrante / Quality of data used to calculate reproductive and perinatal health indicators in native and migrant populations  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Evaluar la calidad de los datos sobre nacimientos recogidos en el Movimiento Natural de la Población (MNP) y en los registros de metabolopatías para el cálculo de indicadores de salud reproductiva y perinatal. Métodos: Comparación entre registros acerca de 1) número total de nacimientos d [...] e madre residente en Cataluña y Comunitat Valenciana registrados durante 2005-2006, 2) grado de cumplimentación de los datos sobre origen geográfico de la madre, y 3) grado de cumplimentación de la edad materna, peso al nacer y edad gestacional según el origen de la madre. Resultados: Los registros de metabolopatías recogen de forma exhaustiva los nacimientos registrados en el MNP. El grado de cumplimentación de los datos sobre el origen y la edad materna fue algo menor en los registros de metabolopatías, aunque la proporción de nacimientos según el origen de la madre fue muy similar a la del MNP, así como la media de edad materna según el origen. El grado de cumplimentación de los datos sobre peso al nacer y edad gestacional según el origen materno fue muy inferior en el MNP, especialmente entre los nacimientos de madre inmigrante registrados en Cataluña. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados sugieren una limitación en la calidad de los datos sobre edad gestacional y peso al nacer del MNP, sobre todo de cara al cálculo y la comparación de indicadores de prematuridad y bajo peso al nacer en población autóctona e inmigrante. A la vez, apoyan la utilidad de los registros de metabolopatías como fuente para el cálculo diferencial de tales indicadores. Abstract in english Objective: To assess the quality of data on births in the Natural Population Movement (NPM) and congenital metabolic disorders registers with regard to calculation of reproductive and perinatal health indicators. Methods: The following comparisons between registers were made: (1) the total number of [...] births to mothers living in Catalonia and Valencia from 2005 to 2006, (2) the percentage of missing data on the mother's geographical origin, (3) the percentage of missing data on the mother's age and the infant's birthweight and gestational age according to maternal origin. Results: The congenital metabolic disorders registers exhaustively collected the total number of births gathered in the NPM. The percentages of missing data on material origin and age were higher in the congenital metabolic disorders registers, although the proportion of births by maternal origin and the mean maternal age in each ethnic group was fairly similar to that in the NPM. The percentages of missing data on birthweight and gestational age were much higher in the NPM data than in the congenital metabolic disorders registers, especially among births registered in Catalonia and births to foreign mothers. Conclusions: Our results suggest some limitations in the quality of the data on gestational age and birthweight provided by NPM data, especially for comparisons of preterm and low birthweight indicators in the Spanish-born and immigrant populations. Moreover, the results point to the quality of the congenital metabolic disorders registers as a source to compare reproductive and perinatal health indicators.

Isabel, Río; Adela, Castelló; Mireia, Jané; Ramón, Prats; Carmen, Barona; Rosa, Más; Marisa, Rebagliato; Oscar, Zurriaga; Francisco, Bolúmar.

2010-04-01

125

Calidad de los datos utilizados para el cálculo de indicadores de salud reproductiva y perinatal en población autóctona e inmigrante / Quality of data used to calculate reproductive and perinatal health indicators in native and migrant populations  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Evaluar la calidad de los datos sobre nacimientos recogidos en el Movimiento Natural de la Población (MNP) y en los registros de metabolopatías para el cálculo de indicadores de salud reproductiva y perinatal. Métodos: Comparación entre registros acerca de 1) número total de nacimientos d [...] e madre residente en Cataluña y Comunitat Valenciana registrados durante 2005-2006, 2) grado de cumplimentación de los datos sobre origen geográfico de la madre, y 3) grado de cumplimentación de la edad materna, peso al nacer y edad gestacional según el origen de la madre. Resultados: Los registros de metabolopatías recogen de forma exhaustiva los nacimientos registrados en el MNP. El grado de cumplimentación de los datos sobre el origen y la edad materna fue algo menor en los registros de metabolopatías, aunque la proporción de nacimientos según el origen de la madre fue muy similar a la del MNP, así como la media de edad materna según el origen. El grado de cumplimentación de los datos sobre peso al nacer y edad gestacional según el origen materno fue muy inferior en el MNP, especialmente entre los nacimientos de madre inmigrante registrados en Cataluña. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados sugieren una limitación en la calidad de los datos sobre edad gestacional y peso al nacer del MNP, sobre todo de cara al cálculo y la comparación de indicadores de prematuridad y bajo peso al nacer en población autóctona e inmigrante. A la vez, apoyan la utilidad de los registros de metabolopatías como fuente para el cálculo diferencial de tales indicadores. Abstract in english Objective: To assess the quality of data on births in the Natural Population Movement (NPM) and congenital metabolic disorders registers with regard to calculation of reproductive and perinatal health indicators. Methods: The following comparisons between registers were made: (1) the total number of [...] births to mothers living in Catalonia and Valencia from 2005 to 2006, (2) the percentage of missing data on the mother's geographical origin, (3) the percentage of missing data on the mother's age and the infant's birthweight and gestational age according to maternal origin. Results: The congenital metabolic disorders registers exhaustively collected the total number of births gathered in the NPM. The percentages of missing data on material origin and age were higher in the congenital metabolic disorders registers, although the proportion of births by maternal origin and the mean maternal age in each ethnic group was fairly similar to that in the NPM. The percentages of missing data on birthweight and gestational age were much higher in the NPM data than in the congenital metabolic disorders registers, especially among births registered in Catalonia and births to foreign mothers. Conclusions: Our results suggest some limitations in the quality of the data on gestational age and birthweight provided by NPM data, especially for comparisons of preterm and low birthweight indicators in the Spanish-born and immigrant populations. Moreover, the results point to the quality of the congenital metabolic disorders registers as a source to compare reproductive and perinatal health indicators.

Isabel, Río; Adela, Castelló; Mireia, Jané; Ramón, Prats; Carmen, Barona; Rosa, Más; Marisa, Rebagliato; Oscar, Zurriaga; Francisco, Bolúmar.

2010-04-01

126

Child Care and Mothers' Mental Health: Is High-Quality Care Associated with Fewer Depressive Symptoms?  

Science.gov (United States)

Finding high-quality child care may pose financial and logistical challenges and create ongoing emotional strains for some mothers. We use the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development to ask (a) are child-care settings that mothers select on the basis of their own perceptions of quality rated more highly by independent observers (and more…

Gordon, Rachel A.; Usdansky, Margaret L.; Wang, Xue; Gluzman, Anna

2011-01-01

127

Molecular imaging in quality health care  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Quality health care results from translating fundamental bench discoveries and making them available to patients. During the past decade, 'molecular imaging' has emerged both as a new tool/technology and as a research and clinical discipline. Molecular imaging is an interdisciplinary approach involving biologists, physicists, physicians, mathematicians, conventional chemists, radiochemists and other specialists who have joined forces for better understanding and visualizing of both normal physiological processes and the molecular processes preceding the morphological manifestations of disease in vivo. Molecular imaging has been defined as 'non-invasive, quantitative, and repetitive imaging of targeted macromolecules and biological processes in living organisms' or as 'the visual representation, characterization, and quantification of biological processes at the cellular and sub-cellular levels within intact living organisms'. Weissleder defined molecular imaging in the most simple terms as 'studying diseases non-invasively at the molecular level'. Regardless of these semantic differences molecular imaging can contribute significantly to the preclinical and clinical drug and disease evaluation process. It is interesting to note, that despite major advances in imaging technology, cancer mortality has remained largely unchanged over the last three decades. Imaging has thus far enabled us to look through a magnifying glass at disease processes but has failed toass at disease processes but has failed to dramatically influence disease outcomes. Emerging data suggest that molecular PET imaging is about to change this situation. High resolution molecular imaging devices designed for small animal research have developed into valuable tools for drug evaluation and imaging probe design. These include microPET, microCT, microMRI and optical imaging devices. These have enabled us to study drug effects in vivo by monitoring longitudinally their effects on tumour cell metabolism or proliferation. The only currently available molecular imaging tool for human studies is positron emission tomography (PET). Many different molecular imaging probes targeting physiological processes such as glycolysis, lipid synthesis, amino acid transport, cell surface receptors, gene expression and others are available for evaluating in animal experimental studies and humans the extent of disease as well as treatment effects in vivo. With the advent of PET/CT anatomic and molecular images can be fused affording assignment of normal or abnormal molecular imaging findings to specific anatomical structures. The major vendors have invested millions of dollars into bringing together the highest quality CT with state-of-the-art PET instrumentation. As a result more than 1000 PET/CT scanners have been installed worldwide over the last four years. These technological advances come at a time of increasing health care expenditures worldwide. One must therefore carefully evaluate whether the increasing costs are met by increasing effectiveness of the technology. As an additional problem, health care systems vary substantially between countries and cultures and cost-effectiveness analyses need to be tailored towards specific health care environments. A paradigm shift from morphological to molecular imaging is occurring on every level of preclinical and clinical research and in clinical practice. Animal tumour models are being used for serial non-invasive monitoring of preclinical drug effects in vivo using molecular imaging technology. This molecular imaging application reduces the numbers of animals required for preclinical studies and might allow for some predictions of drug effectiveness in humans. Molecular imaging should be used in phase I, II and III trials to identify drug success and failure early. Applications of molecular imaging to patient stratification will define appropriate patient populations for smaller, more rapid clinical trials. Recent studies in lung cancer, lymphoma, esophageal cancer and gastrointestinal stromal tumour have clearly ind

128

Maternal, Perinatal and Neonatal Mortality in South-East Asia Region  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available South East Asia Region (SEAR is one of the most populous world regions and also bears a disproportionate burden of mortality compared to other world regions. The purpose of this article was to analyze the situation of maternal, neonatal and perinatal health in SEAR to inform public health practitioners, program managers and policy makers about the situation in this world region. A secondary review of policy and programmatic documents published by ministries of health in SEAR countries, WHO, other UN agencies and peer reviewed journal articles in the area of maternal, child, neonatal and perinatal health published in the last five years was conducted. This article discusses the current situation of maternal, perinatal and neonatal health in SEAR countries, highlights some of the key challenges and provides recommendations to countries on the way forward for improving perinatal and maternal health. Key issues are discussed under the broad themes of improving maternal and perinatal health information systems, improving quality of care and human resource management. The article concludes that Health Systems Strengthening, Scaling up of Skilled Human Resource, Investing in information systems and improving the quality of maternal and neonatal care services are essential for future progress in countries but these are long term processes which need sustained commitment and ownership at all levels.

Gaurav Sharma

2012-01-01

129

Determining costs associated with quality in health care delivery.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines the costs associated with quality in health care delivery. A model applicable to health care settings is specified according to investments in quality and the cost of not achieving quality. The premises and basic theories underlying the model are explored. The model was developed at Lovelace Health Systems in Albuquerque, New Mexico, as a decision making tool. The specific cost elements comprising the quality cost model are identified and illustrated using the working model adopted at Lovelace. The managerial impact of the quality cost model and the implications for other health care organizations are examined. PMID:7822191

Waress, B J; Pasternak, D P; Smith, H L

1994-01-01

130

Evidence from community level inputs to improve quality of care for maternal and newborn health: interventions and findings  

Science.gov (United States)

Annually around 40 million mothers give birth at home without any trained health worker. Consequently, most of the maternal and neonatal mortalities occur at the community level due to lack of good quality care during labour and birth. Interventions delivered at the community level have not only been advocated to improve access and coverage of essential interventions but also to reduce the existing disparities and reaching the hard to reach. In this paper, we have reviewed the effectiveness of care delivered through community level inputs for improving maternal and newborn health outcomes. We considered all available systematic reviews published before May 2013 on the pre-defined community level interventions and report findings from 43 systematic reviews. Findings suggest that home visitation significantly improved antenatal care, tetanus immunization coverage, referral and early initiation of breast feeding with reductions in antenatal hospital admission, cesarean-section rates birth, maternal morbidity, neonatal mortality and perinatal mortality. Task shifting to midwives and community health workers has shown to significantly improve immunization uptake and breast feeding initiation with reductions in antenatal hospitalization, episiotomy, instrumental delivery and hospital stay. Training of traditional birth attendants as a part of community based intervention package has significant impact on referrals, early breast feeding, maternal morbidity, neonatal mortality, and perinatal mortality. Formation of community based support groups decreased maternal morbidity, neonatal mortality, perinatal mortality with improved referrals and early breast feeding rates. At community level, home visitation, community mobilization and training of community health workers and traditional birth attendants have the maximum potential to improve a range of maternal and newborn health outcomes. There is lack of data to establish effectiveness of outreach services, mass media campaigns and community education as standalone interventions. Future efforts should be concerted on increasing the availability and training of the community based skilled health workers especially in resource limited settings where the highest burden exists with limited resources to mobilize. PMID:25209692

2014-01-01

131

Evidence from community level inputs to improve quality of care for maternal and newborn health: interventions and findings.  

Science.gov (United States)

Annually around 40 million mothers give birth at home without any trained health worker. Consequently, most of the maternal and neonatal mortalities occur at the community level due to lack of good quality care during labour and birth. Interventions delivered at the community level have not only been advocated to improve access and coverage of essential interventions but also to reduce the existing disparities and reaching the hard to reach. In this paper, we have reviewed the effectiveness of care delivered through community level inputs for improving maternal and newborn health outcomes. We considered all available systematic reviews published before May 2013 on the pre-defined community level interventions and report findings from 43 systematic reviews. Findings suggest that home visitation significantly improved antenatal care, tetanus immunization coverage, referral and early initiation of breast feeding with reductions in antenatal hospital admission, cesarean-section rates birth, maternal morbidity, neonatal mortality and perinatal mortality. Task shifting to midwives and community health workers has shown to significantly improve immunization uptake and breast feeding initiation with reductions in antenatal hospitalization, episiotomy, instrumental delivery and hospital stay. Training of traditional birth attendants as a part of community based intervention package has significant impact on referrals, early breast feeding, maternal morbidity, neonatal mortality, and perinatal mortality. Formation of community based support groups decreased maternal morbidity, neonatal mortality, perinatal mortality with improved referrals and early breast feeding rates. At community level, home visitation, community mobilization and training of community health workers and traditional birth attendants have the maximum potential to improve a range of maternal and newborn health outcomes. There is lack of data to establish effectiveness of outreach services, mass media campaigns and community education as standalone interventions. Future efforts should be concerted on increasing the availability and training of the community based skilled health workers especially in resource limited settings where the highest burden exists with limited resources to mobilize. PMID:25209692

Lassi, Zohra S; Das, Jai K; Salam, Rehana A; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A

2014-09-01

132

Quality end-of-life care: A global perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Quality end-of-life care has emerged as an important concept in industrialized countries. Discussion We argue quality end-of-life care should be seen as a global public health and health systems problem. It is a global problem because 85 % of the 56 million deaths worldwide that occur annually are in developing countries. It is a public health problem because of the number of people it affects, directly and indirectly, in terms of the well being of loved ones, and the large-scale, population based nature of some possible interventions. It is a health systems problem because one of its main features is the need for better information on quality end-of-life care. We examine the context of end-of-life care, including the epidemiology of death and cross-cultural considerations. Although there are examples of success, we could not identify systematic data on capacity for delivering quality end-of-life care in developing countries. We also address a possible objection to improving end-of-life care in developing countries; many deaths are preventable and reduction of avoidable deaths should be the focus of attention. Conclusions We make three recommendations: (1 reinforce the recasting of quality end-of-life care as a global public health and health systems problem; (2 strengthen capacity to deliver quality end-of-life care; and (3 develop improved strategies to acquire information about the quality of end-of-life care.

Singer Peter A

2002-07-01

133

The Role of Acute Care Managers in Quality of Care and Patient Safety  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Healthcare managers have a responsibility for the standard of their services and patient care delivered. Their work is thought to be essential in achieving and improving high quality care and patient safety. However, little is empirically known about their role in this. This thesis investigates acute care managerial work and impact in the context of quality of care and patient safety. It draws upon power and work-activity group theories and literature from other industries to guide investigat...

Parand, Anam

2013-01-01

134

Effects of Quality Improvement System for Child Care Centers  

Science.gov (United States)

Using multiple years of data collected from about 100 child care centers in Palm Beach County, Florida, the authors studied whether the Quality Improvement System (QIS) made a significant impact on quality of child care centers. Based on a pre- and postresearch design spanning a period of 13 months, QIS appeared to be effective in improving…

Ma, Xin; Shen, Jianping; Kavanaugh, Amy; Lu, Xuejin; Brandi, Karen; Goodman, Jeff; Till, Lance; Watson, Grace

2011-01-01

135

Patients’ perceptions of actual care conditions and patient satisfaction with care quality in hospital  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There are theoretical and methodological difficulties in measuring the concepts of quality of care and patient satisfaction, and the conditions associated with these concepts. A theoretical framework of patient satisfaction and a theoretical model of quality of care have been used as the theoretical basis in this thesis. Aim. The overall aim was to describe and explore relationships between person-related conditions, external objective care conditions, patients’ perceptions of quality of ca...

Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis

2012-01-01

136

The quality of general dental care: public and users' perceptions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background - Systematic evidence about how the public and users perceive and experience the quality of general dental care is in short supply, particularly in light of the recent changes in the general dental service. The study reported here attempted to fill this gap. Objectives - To identify the criteria the public and users adopt in evaluating the quality of general dental care, and to identify the extent and nature of perceived concerns with general dental care. De...

Calnan, M.; Dickinson, M.; Manley, G.

1999-01-01

137

Systems and processes that ensure high quality care.  

Science.gov (United States)

This is the second in a series of articles examining the components of good corporate governance. It considers how the structures and processes for quality governance can affect an organisation's ability to be assured about the quality of care. Complex information systems and procedures can lead to poor quality care, but sound structures and processes alone are insufficient to ensure good governance, and behavioural factors play a significant part in making sure that staff are enabled to provide good quality care. The next article in this series looks at how the information reporting of an organisation can affect its governance. PMID:23252087

Bassett, Sally; Westmore, Kathryn

2012-10-01

138

Mortalidade perinatal e evitabilidade: revisão da literatura Perinatal mortality and evitability: a review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Neste artigo, realizou-se uma revisão da literatura sobre mortalidade perinatal com maior enfoque na evitabilidade desses óbitos. Foram pesquisadas, sobretudo, publicações da década de 90 nas bases Medline e Lilacs (América Latina e Caribe. Discutiram-se as dificuldades para a realização de estudos nesta área, ainda em número restrito no Brasil, em decorrência do grande subregistro de óbitos fetais e da má qualidade da informação nas declarações de óbitos. Foram apresentadas as principais propostas de classificação dos óbitos perinatais baseadas em enfoque de evitabilidade, com destaque para a classificação de Wigglesworth. Nesta abordagem, os óbitos perinatais foram relacionados a momentos específicos da assistência, sendo evidenciadas as possibilidades de sua prevenção. Recomenda-se o enfoque de evitabilidade para a abordagem da mortalidade perinatal no Brasil, dado que as taxas são ainda elevadas, a maioria dos óbitos é considerada evitável e poderia ser prevenida com a melhoria da assistência pré-natal, ao parto e ao recém-nascido, não apenas quanto à sua resolubilidade clínica, mas também à organização da assistência em sistemas hierarquizados e regionalizados, assegurando o acesso da gestante e do recém-nascido em tempo oportuno a serviços de qualidade.This is a literature review onperinatal mortality focusing its evitability. A Medline and Lilacs (Latin-America and Caribbean search was conducted for the 90s. There are few research studies on this subject in Brazil due to the great number of underreported fetal deaths and the low quality information provided in death certificates. Different proposals for perinatal death classification are presented. Most are based on grouping the underlying causes of deaths in a functional system in order to facilitate the analysis. In the Wigglesworth classification system, one of the most recommended methods, deaths are related to the different stages of care for pregnant women and children, evidencing the possibilities of their prevention. The evitability approach of perinatal deaths in Brazil is highly recommended, as mortality rates are still very high and most of the deaths are considered avoidable. Premature deaths could be avoided improving the quality of health care. Besides improving the medical assistance, the organization of health care regarding pre-natal, birth and neonatal care must also be better developed to ensure access to qualified assistance.

Sônia Lansky

2002-12-01

139

Perinatal and neonatal mortality in Fallujah General Hospital, Fallujah City, Anbar Province, west of Iraq  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: Perinatal and neonatal mortality reflects the quality of health services provided at any obstetrical/neonatal center. After eight years of being occupied, what became of the quality of the services we provide? Methods: A cross sectional study of 290 neonatal deaths at the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Fallujah General Hospital during the period from the 1st of january to the 31st of December of the year 2010, utilizing multiple obstetrical and neonatal variables: Results: ...

Abdulghani, Samira T.; Yaseen Taha Sirhan; Abdulsattar Kadhem Lawas

2012-01-01

140

Providers Caring for Adolescents with Perinatally-Acquired HIV: Current Practices and Barriers to Communication About Sexual and Reproductive Health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract The population of adolescents and young adults (AYA) with perinatally-acquired HIV (PHIV) present challenges to HIV healthcare providers (HHCPs). Originally not expected to survive childhood, they are now living well into young adulthood. Little is known about the type of sexual and reproductive (SRH) information/services offered to AYA with PHIV by HHCPs. HHCPs (n=67) were recruited using snowball sampling, and completed an online survey. Providers' most frequently endorsed SRH topics discussed with both male and female patients included condom use (77.3%), STD prevention (73.1%), and screening (62.1%). Providers' reports indicated that females received significantly more education about SRH topics overall. The most frequently noted barriers to SRH communication included more pressing health concerns (53.0%), parent/guardian not receptive (43.9%), and lack of time during appointment (43.9%). Provider-reported SRH conversations with HHCPs were highly focused on horizontal transmission and pregnancy prevention. Salient social aspects of SRH promotion for AYAs with PHIV (e.g., managing disclosure and romantic relationships) were less commonly discussed, though such conversations may serve to reduce secondary transmission and enhance the overall well-being of AYA with PHIV. Findings indicated that further work must be done to identify strategies to address unmet SRH needs of the aging population of AYA with PHIV. PMID:25290765

Albright, Jamie N; Fair, Cynthia D

2014-11-01

 
 
 
 
141

Current issues in perinatal epidemiology.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main national data sources for perinatal epidemiology are birth and death certificates, yet routinely linked birth and death certificate data are still not available in the U.S. Completeness and quality of the reporting of perinatal events should be considered in examining trends over time and between jurisdictions. The U.S. has experienced a marked decline in its infant mortality rate, but only a very modest decline in the rate of low birth weight. Research must focus more on studies of ...

Berendes, H. W.

1987-01-01

142

Health-care quality promotion through infection prevention: beyond 2000.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Health-care value purchasing, complex health-care systems, and information technology are the three most important change drivers influencing the interrelated themes of the 4th decennial conference: accountability, quality promotion through infection prevention across the health-care delivery system, and medical informatics. Among the change drivers influencing themes of future conferences may be a societal mandate for health promotion and health-care access for all.

Gerberding, J. L.

2001-01-01

143

Women's and care providers' perspectives of quality prenatal care: a qualitative descriptive study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Much attention has been given to the adequacy of prenatal care use in promoting healthy outcomes for women and their infants. Adequacy of use takes into account the timing of initiation of prenatal care and the number of visits. However, there is emerging evidence that the quality of prenatal care may be more important than adequacy of use. The purpose of our study was to explore women's and care providers' perspectives of quality prenatal care to inform the development of items for a new instrument, the Quality of Prenatal Care Questionnaire. We report on the derivation of themes resulting from this first step of questionnaire development. Methods A qualitative descriptive approach was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 pregnant women and 40 prenatal care providers recruited from five urban centres across Canada. Data were analyzed using inductive open and then pattern coding. The final step of analysis used a deductive approach to assign the emergent themes to broader categories reflective of the study's conceptual framework. Results The three main categories informed by Donabedian's model of quality health care were structure of care, clinical care processes, and interpersonal care processes. Structure of care themes included access, physical setting, and staff and care provider characteristics. Themes under clinical care processes were health promotion and illness prevention, screening and assessment, information sharing, continuity of care, non-medicalization of pregnancy, and women-centredness. Interpersonal care processes themes were respectful attitude, emotional support, approachable interaction style, and taking time. A recurrent theme woven throughout the data reflected the importance of a meaningful relationship between a woman and her prenatal care provider that was characterized by trust. Conclusions While certain aspects of structure of care were identified as being key dimensions of quality prenatal care, clinical and interpersonal care processes emerged as being most essential to quality care. These processes are important as they have a role in mitigating adverse outcomes, promoting involvement of women in their own care, and keeping women engaged in care. The findings suggest key considerations for the planning, delivery, and evaluation of prenatal care. Most notably, care should be woman-centred and embrace shared decision making as an essential element.

Sword Wendy

2012-04-01

144

The synergy of quality management & risk management in home care.  

Science.gov (United States)

For a number of years the health care risk management industry has been addressing unplanned and unanticipated adverse events. Organizations that are proactive in their approach to risk and quality management will have big payoffs in clinical quality improvement, service quality improvement, employee satisfaction, and customer satisfaction. PMID:10160154

Rhinehart, E

1996-09-01

145

Nursing Home Care Quality: Insights from a Bayesian Network Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this research is twofold. The first purpose is to utilize a new methodology (Bayesian networks) for aggregating various quality indicators to measure the overall quality of care in nursing homes. The second is to provide new insight into the relationships that exist among various measures of quality and how such measures…

Goodson, Justin; Jang, Wooseung; Rantz, Marilyn

2008-01-01

146

Systematic review of quality of care in Saudi Arabia. A forecast of a high quality health care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: To explore the current structure of the Saudi health care system, and assess the quality of health care in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA based on the indicators provided by the Institute of Medicine (IOM, and to provide recommendations for improvements. Methods: This study explores the current structure of the Saudi health care system using a systematic review of studies published between 2009 and 2013. The IOM indicators of quality health care (safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient, and equitable are used to determine the current quality of healthcare in KSA. Studies that examined the quality of health care were evaluated for methodological soundness by giving a quality score based on Russell and Gregory’s criteria. Results: The quality of healthcare in KSA has progressed significantly over the recent years at all levels of health services. Like many countries, KSA is investing money and efforts to improve quality of healthcare in the Kingdom. Although significant progress has been made, barriers affecting this quality are still apparent as the general population increases, patients’ health care needs, and demands are also rising. Factors affecting the quality of healthcare can be categorized into patient factors (such as health literacy, access to care, and culture, and providers’ factors (including medical care, workload, culture, and job satisfaction. Conclusion: As a result of these unaddressed issues, the quality of healthcare in the Kingdom may be degenerating. Additionally, as the population of KSA has increased and medical technology has become more sophisticated and costly, and patients’ demands and expectations have also increased. Providing quality healthcare to all patients is a fundamental human right. Poor quality healthcare causes patient suffering, institutional waste, and misuse of community resources. 

Khalid M. Almutairi

2014-08-01

147

The perinatal loss and parental reflection  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this review, the causes of prenatal losses, pregnancy termination and reflection of this situation for the parents were investigated. Despite great attention in improving perinatal care, perinatal loss (fetal loss and newborn death continues to occur. According to the World Health Organization (WHO, the perinatal period extends from the 20th gestational week through 1 month after birth. However, researchers who study perinatal loss use a broader definition that includes early (during the first 12 weeks following conception as well as late fetal loss (>20 weeks’ gestation. Of all known pregnancies, an estimated ratio of 12% to 20% ends in an early fetal loss. The most recent available data have revealed that the rates translate to about 1.03 million annual fetal losses and, for 2004, 18.602 newborn deaths. According to the results of 2008, infant mortality rate decreased very rapidly in Turkey. Of the many parents who suffer a perinatal loss, at least 80% become pregnant again, an event that occurs within 18 months. Therefore, it is important for nurses and health care professionals to understand the impact of a perinatal loss on a subsequent pregnancy. The purpose of this article is to perform an investigation on parental, primarily maternal, responses to pregnancy subsequent to perinatal loss, and to describe nursing implications for parents during the subsequent pregnancy.

Kamile Kukulu

2010-12-01

148

Leadership, staffing and quality of care in nursing homes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Leadership and staffing are recognised as important factors for quality of care. This study examines the effects of ward leaders' task- and relationship-oriented leadership styles, staffing levels, ratio of registered nurses and ratio of unlicensed staff on three independent measures of quality of care. Methods A cross-sectional survey of forty nursing home wards throughout Norway was used to collect the data. Five sources of data were utilised: self-report questionnaires to 444 employees, interviews with and questionnaires to 13 nursing home directors and 40 ward managers, telephone interviews with 378 relatives and 900 hours of field observations. Separate multi-level analyses were conducted for quality of care assessed by relatives, staff and field observations respectively. Results Task-oriented leadership style had a significant positive relationship with two of the three quality of care indexes. In contrast, relationship-oriented leadership style was not significantly related to any of the indexes. The lack of significant effect for relationship-oriented leadership style was due to a strong correlation between the two leadership styles (r = 0.78. Staffing levels and ratio of registered nurses were not significantly related to any of the quality of care indexes. The ratio of unlicensed staff, however, showed a significant negative relationship to quality as assessed by relatives and field observations, but not to quality as assessed by staff. Conclusions Leaders in nursing homes should focus on active leadership and particularly task-oriented behaviour like structure, coordination, clarifying of staff roles and monitoring of operations to increase quality of care. Furthermore, nursing homes should minimize use of unlicensed staff and address factors related to high ratios of unlicensed staff, like low staff stability. The study indicates, however, that the relationship between staffing levels, ratio of registered nurses and quality of care is complex. Increasing staffing levels or the ratio of registered nurses alone is not likely sufficient for increasing quality of care.

Havig Anders

2011-11-01

149

Factors for change in maternal and perinatal audit systems in Dar es Salaam hospitals, Tanzania  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Effective maternal and perinatal audits are associated with improved quality of care and reduction of severe adverse outcome. Although audits at the level of care were formally introduced in Tanzania around 25 years ago, little information is available about their existence, performance, and practical barriers to their implementation. This study assessed the structure, process and impacts of maternal and perinatal death audit systems in clinical practice and presents a detailed account on how they could be improved. Methods A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in eight major hospitals in Dar es Salaam in January 2009. An in-depth interview guide was used for 29 health managers and members of the audit committees to investigate the existence, structure, process and outcome of such audits in clinical practice. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to interview 30 health care providers in the maternity wards to assess their awareness, attitude and practice towards audit systems. The 2007 institutional pregnancy outcome records were reviewed. Results Overall hospital based maternal mortality ratio was 218/100,000 live births (range: 0 - 385 and perinatal mortality rate was 44/1000 births (range: 17 - 147. Maternal and perinatal audit systems existed only in 4 and 3 hospitals respectively, and key decision makers did not take part in audit committees. Sixty percent of care providers were not aware of even a single action which had ever been implemented in their hospitals because of audit recommendations. There were neither records of the key decision points, action plan, nor regular analysis of the audit reports in any of the facilities where such audit systems existed. Conclusions Maternal and perinatal audit systems in these institutions are poorly established in structure and process; and are less effective to improve the quality of care. Fundamental changes are urgently needed for successful audit systems in these institutions.

Kisanga Felix

2010-06-01

150

Child-Care Subsidies: Do They Impact the Quality of Care Children Experience?  

Science.gov (United States)

The federal child-care subsidy program represents one of the government's largest investments in early care and education, but little is known about whether it increases low-income children's access to higher quality child care. This study used newly available nationally representative data on 4-year-old children (N = 750) to investigate whether…

Johnson, Anna D.; Ryan, Rebecca M.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2012-01-01

151

Quality assessment of social care services for the elderly at public institution St. Joseph's Care Home  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This Master's thesis analyzes and evaluates St. Joseph's Care Home’s internal and external environmental factors’ complex influence, identifies problematic areas and leads to the preconditions for organization's strategy formulation and preparation of strategic plan. The first part of the thesis defines the theoretical terms of social care services, strategic planning in theory and the peculiarities of social care services quality assessment by reviewing service quality evaluation models ...

C?epuliene?, Monika

2013-01-01

152

Privatization of social services: quality differences in Swedish elderly care.  

Science.gov (United States)

One of the major policy trends in recent decades has been the privatization of social services. This trend has also reached Sweden, a welfare state with health care and social service sectors that previously had almost no private providers. One of the most affected areas is elderly care, i.e. home-help services and residential care provided to citizens older than 65 years, where the proportion of private providers increased from 1% in 1990 to 16% in 2010. The ongoing privatization in Sweden and many other countries has raised important questions regarding the consequences of this policy transformation. In this paper, we present a cross-sectional study comparing the quality of services in private and public elderly care. Using statistics from 2007 displaying a variety of quality dimensions covering over 99% of all elderly care residents in Sweden, we were able to show that privatization is indeed associated with significant quality differences. Structural quality factors such as the number of employees per resident was significantly smaller (-9%) in private elderly care. On the other hand, the proportion of residents participating in the formulation of their care plan (+7%), the proportion of elderly with a reasonable duration between evening meal and breakfast (+15%), and the proportion of elderly offered different food alternatives (+26%) were significantly in favour of private contractors. Our conclusion is that private care providers seem to emphasize service aspects rather than structural prerequisites for good care. PMID:21167627

Stolt, Ragnar; Blomqvist, Paula; Winblad, Ulrika

2011-02-01

153

Barriers to appropriate care for mothers and infants during the perinatal period in rural Afghanistan: a qualitative assessment.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study, conducted in five rural districts in Afghanistan, used qualitative methods to explore traditional practices of women, families and communities related to maternal and newborn care, and sociocultural and health system issues that create access barriers. The traditional practices discussed include delayed bathing of mothers and delayed breastfeeding of infants, seclusion of women after childbirth, restricted maternal diet, and use of traditional home remedies and self-medication instead of care in health facilities to treat maternal and newborn conditions. This study also looked at community support structures, transportation and care-seeking behaviour for maternal and newborn problems which create access barriers. Sociocultural barriers to better maternal-newborn health include shame about utilisation of maternal and neonatal services, women's inability to seek care without being accompanied by a male relative, and care-seeking from mullahs for serious health concerns. This study also found a high level of post-partum depression. Targeted and more effective behaviour-change communication programmes are needed. This study presents a set of behaviour-change messages to reduce maternal and newborn mortality associated with births occurring at home in rural communities. This study recommends using religious leaders, trained health workers, family health action groups and radio to disseminate these messages. PMID:24003851

Newbrander, William; Natiq, Kayhan; Shahim, Shafiqullah; Hamid, Najibullah; Skena, Naomi Brill

2014-01-01

154

Is there an association between female circumcision and perinatal death?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: In Sweden, a country with high standards of obstetric care, the high rate of perinatal mortality among children of immigrant women from the Horn of Africa raises the question of whether there is an association between female circumcision and perinatal death. METHOD: To investigate this, we examined a cohort of 63 perinatal deaths of infants born in Sweden over the period 1990-96 to circumcised women. FINDINGS: We found no evidence that female circumcision was related to perinatal death. Obstructed or prolonged labour, caused by scar tissue from circumcision, was not found to have any impact on the number of perinatal deaths. CONCLUSION: The results do not support previous conclusions that genital circumcision is related to perinatal death, regardless of other circumstances, and suggest that other, suboptimal factors contribute to perinatal death among circumcised migrant women.

Essén Birgitta

2002-01-01

155

Many quality measurements, but few quality measures assessing the quality of breast cancer care in women: A systematic review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Breast cancer in women is increasingly frequent, and care is complex, onerous and expensive, all of which lend urgency to improvements in care. Quality measurement is essential to monitor effectiveness and to guide improvements in healthcare. Methods Ten databases, including Medline, were searched electronically to identify measures assessing the quality of breast cancer care in women (diagnosis, treatment, followup, documentation of care. Eligible studies measured adherence to standards of breast cancer care in women diagnosed with, or in treatment for, any histological type of adenocarcinoma of the breast. Reference lists of studies, review articles, web sites, and files of experts were searched manually. Evidence appraisal entailed dual independent assessments of data (e.g., indicators used in quality measurement. The extent of each quality indicator's scientific validation as a measure was assessed. The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO was asked to contribute quality measures under development. Results Sixty relevant reports identified 58 studies with 143 indicators assessing adherence to quality breast cancer care. A paucity of validated indicators (n = 12, most of which assessed quality of life, only permitted a qualitative data synthesis. Most quality indicators evaluated processes of care. Conclusion While some studies revealed patterns of under-use of care, all adherence data require confirmation using validated quality measures. ASCO's current development of a set of quality measures relating to breast cancer care may hold the key to conducting definitive studies.

Zhang Li

2006-12-01

156

Effects of environmental threats on the quality of care in acute care hospitals.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates how environmental threats may adversely affect internal resources (slacks) and how hospitals' slack level may mediate the adverse effect of environmental threats on quality. Two testable hypotheses are (1) The environmental threat and level of organizational slack in hospitals are inversely related; and (2) Hospitals' slack level and quality of care are positively related. Both hypotheses are supported by the data in analysis of the structural relationships among the environmental threat, organizational slack, and quality of care indicators. PMID:11508905

Youn, K I; Wan, T T

2001-10-01

157

The quality-value proposition in health care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Powerful forces are converging in US health care to finally cause recognition of the inherently logical relationship between quality and money. The forces, or marketplace "drivers," which are converging to compel recognition of the relationship between cost and quality are: (1) the increasing costs of care; (2) the recurrence of another medical malpractice crisis; and (3) the recognition inside and outside of health care that quality is inconsistent and unacceptable. It is apparent that hospital administrators, financial officers, board members, and medical staff leadership do not routinely do two things: (1) relate quality to finance; and (2) appreciate the intra-hospital structural problems that impede quality attainment. This article discusses these factors and offers a positive method for re-structuring quality efforts and focusing the hospital and its medical staff on quality. The simple but compelling thesis of the authors is that health care must immediately engage in the transformation to making quality of medical care the fundamental business strategy of the organization. PMID:14977035

Feazell, G Landon; Marren, John P

2003-01-01

158

Helping You Choose Quality Hospital Care  

Science.gov (United States)

... Measures SIRAS - Free Courses CLABSI Toolkit Topics Topics Ebola Preparedness Emergency Management High Reliability Health Care-Associated ... You Choose guides, produced in both English and Spanish, provide questions to ask when selecting a health ...

159

Helping You Choose Quality Hospice Care  

Science.gov (United States)

... Measures SIRAS - Free Courses CLABSI Toolkit Topics Topics Ebola Preparedness Emergency Management High Reliability Health Care-Associated ... You Choose guides, produced in both English and Spanish, provide questions to ask when selecting a health ...

160

Helping You Choose Quality Ambulatory Care  

Science.gov (United States)

... Measures SIRAS - Free Courses CLABSI Toolkit Topics Topics Ebola Preparedness Emergency Management High Reliability Health Care-Associated ... You Choose guides, produced in both English and Spanish, provide questions to ask when selecting a health ...

 
 
 
 
161

Quality and health care performance in the Italian regions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper estimates the total factor productivity of the Italian health care sector using a modified bootstrapped Malmquist Index including the quality of the production process provided to the population. Decomposing the productivity process in three different components (efficiency change, technological change and quality change) we can detemine if the increasing/decreasing health care productivity of the 20 Italian regions is strictly related to any of the changes during 1999-2008. The re...

Nicola, Arianna; Mancuso, Paolo; Valdmanis, Vivian

2013-01-01

162

The European initiative for quality management in lung cancer care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lung cancer is the commonest cause of cancer-related death worldwide and poses a significant respiratory disease burden. Little is known about the provision of lung cancer care across Europe. The overall aim of the Task Force was to investigate current practice in lung cancer care across Europe. The Task Force undertook four projects: 1) a narrative literature search on quality management of lung cancer; 2) a survey of national and local infrastructure for lung cancer care in Europe; 3) a benchmarking project on the quality of (inter)national lung cancer guidelines in Europe; and 4) a feasibility study of prospective data collection in a pan-European setting. There is little peer-reviewed literature on quality management in lung cancer care. The survey revealed important differences in the infrastructure of lung cancer care in Europe. The European guidelines that were assessed displayed wide variation in content and scope, as well as methodological quality but at the same time there was relevant duplication. The feasibility study demonstrated that it is, in principle, feasible to collect prospective demographic and clinical data on patients with lung cancer. Legal obligations vary among countries. The European Initiative for Quality Management in Lung Cancer Care has provided the first comprehensive snapshot of lung cancer care in Europe. PMID:24659546

Blum, Torsten G; Rich, Anna; Baldwin, David; Beckett, Paul; De Ruysscher, Dirk; Faivre-Finn, Corinne; Gaga, Mina; Gamarra, Fernando; Grigoriu, Bogdan; Hansen, Niels C G; Hubbard, Richard; Huber, Rudolf Maria; Jakobsen, Erik; Jovanovic, Dragana; Konsoulova, Assia; Kollmeier, Jens; Massard, Gilbert; McPhelim, John; Meert, Anne-Pascale; Milroy, Robert; Paesmans, Marianne; Peake, Mick; Putora, Paul-Martin; Scherpereel, Arnaud; Schönfeld, Nicolas; Sitter, Helmut; Skaug, Knut; Spiro, Stephen; Strand, Trond-Eirik; Taright, Samya; Thomas, Michael; van Schil, Paul E; Vansteenkiste, Johan F; Wiewrodt, Rainer; Sculier, Jean-Paul

2014-05-01

163

Coaching to Quality: Increasing Quality in Early Care and Education Programmes through Community-University Partnership  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes efforts to increase the quality in early care and education through targeted coaching. A collaborative including several community agencies and a university developed a framework of support for early care and education providers, using coaching as its foundational basis, called Coaching to Quality (CTQ). This paper provides a…

Gilbert, Jaesook Lee; Harte, Helene Arbouet

2013-01-01

164

Quality of care at retail clinics for 3 common conditions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives Evaluation of quality of care across retail clinics in a geographically diverse population has not been undertaken to date. We sought to evaluate and compare the quality of care for otitis media, pharyngitis, and urinary tract infection received in retail medical clinics in CVS pharmacies ("MinuteClinics" [MCs]), ambulatory care facilities (ACFs), and emergency departments (EDs). Methods We used 14 measures constructed from RAND Corporation's Quality Assurance Tools and guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Family Physicians, and the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Our cohort was drawn from Aetna medical and prescription claims, 2009-2012. Members were matched on visit date, condition, and propensity score. Generalized estimating equations were used to compare quality across clinic type, overall, and by index condition. Results We matched 75,886 episodes of care, of which 20,153 were eligible for at least 1 quality measure. MCs performed better than EDs and ACFs in 7 measures. In a multivariable model, MCs performed better than ACFs and EDs across all quality measures ([OR 0.42; 95% CI, 0.40-0.45; P < .0001; ACF vs MC] [OR 0.29; 95% CI, 0.27-0.31; P < .0001; ED vs MC]). Results for each condition were significant at P < .0001. Conclusions Quality of care for these conditions based on widely accepted objective measures was superior in MinuteClinics compared with ACFs and EDs. PMID:25365682

Shrank, William H; Krumme, Alexis A; Tong, Angela Y; Spettell, Claire M; Matlin, Olga S; Sussman, Andrew; Brennan, Troyen A; Choudhry, Niteesh K

2014-10-01

165

The ReACH Collaborative--improving quality home care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research on quality of care has shown that vigorous leadership, clear goals, and compatible incentive systems are critical factors in influencing successful change (Institute of Medicine, 2001). Quality improvement is a complex process, and clinical quality improvement applications are more likely to be effective in organizations that are ready for change and have strong leaders, who are committed to creating and reinforcing a work environment that supports quality goals (Shortell, 1998). Key leadership roles include providing clear and sustained direction, articulating a coherent set of values and incentives to guide group and individual activities, aligning and integrating improvement efforts into organizational priorities, obtaining or freeing up resources to implement improvement activities, and creating a culture of "continuous improvement" that encourages and rewards the pursuit and achievement of shared quality aims (Institute of Medicine, 2001, 70-71). In summary, home health care is a significant and growing sector of the health care system that provides care to millions of vulnerable patients. There seems little doubt that home health agencies want to focus on quality of care issues and provide optimal care to home-based patients. Furthermore, there is a growing awareness of the value for adapting innovative, effective models for improving the culture of home care practice. This awareness stems from the notion that some agencies see quality improvement activities as a way for them to distinguish themselves not only to regulators and customers, but also to meet the cultural and transformational needs to remain viable in a constantly evolving and competitive health care industry. PMID:17966307

Boyce, Patricia Simino; Pace, Karen B; Lauder, Bonnie; Solomon, Debra A

2007-08-01

166

The hospitalist model: does it enhance health care quality?  

Science.gov (United States)

This study used logistic regression to examine those organizations using the hospitalist model for inpatient care. The study found that organizations using the hospitalist model are located in communities with higher per capita income, fewer uninsured, and more Medicare managed care. Hospitals using hospitalists have higher occupancy rates, a shorter length of stay, and better quality of care. In addition, they are larger and have a wider range of clinical services. From a managerial perspective, this study demonstrates a correlation between the hospitalist model and reduced length of stay and enhanced quality. PMID:19891205

Harrison, Jeffrey P; Curran, Lorrie

2009-01-01

167

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Norway 2013  

Science.gov (United States)

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) can bring a wide range of benefits--for children, parents and society at large. However, these benefits are conditional on "quality". Expanding access to services without attention to quality will not deliver good outcomes for children or long-term productivity benefits for society. This series of country…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2013-01-01

168

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Japan 2012  

Science.gov (United States)

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) can bring a wide range of benefits--for children, parents and society at large. However, these benefits are conditional on "quality". Expanding access to services without attention to quality will not deliver good outcomes for children or long-term productivity benefits for society. This series of country…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2012-01-01

169

Increasing Quality in Early Care and Learning Environments  

Science.gov (United States)

High-quality care is essential to the optimal development of young children. While many children attend childcare away from the home for an average of six hours per day, the environment is not necessarily of the highest quality. An assessment of the indoor and outdoor space, curriculum and activities, teacher and child interactions, materials,…

Fontaine, Nancy S.; Torre, L. Dee; Grafwallner, Rolf; Underhill, Brian

2006-01-01

170

Quality in the provision of headache care. 2 : defining quality and its indicators  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The objective of this study was to define "quality" of headache care, and develop indicators that are applicable in different settings and cultures and to all types of headache. No definition of quality of headache care has been formulated. Two sets of quality indicators, proposed in the US and UK, are limited to their localities and/or specific to migraine and their development received no input from people with headache. We first undertook a literature review. Then we conducted a series of focus-group consultations with key stakeholders (doctors, nurses and patients) in headache care. From the findings we proposed a large number of putative quality indicators, and refined these and reduced their number in consultations with larger international groups of stakeholder representatives. We formulated a definition of quality from the quality indicators. Five main themes were identified: (1) headache services; (2) health professionals; (3) patients; (4) financial resources; (5) political agenda and legislation. An initial list of 160 putative quality indicators in 14 domains was reduced to 30 indicators in 9 domains. These gave rise to the following multidimensional definition of quality of headache care: "Good-quality headache care achieves accurate diagnosis and individualized management, has appropriate referral pathways, educates patients about their headaches and their management, is convenient and comfortable, satisfies patients, is efficient and equitable, assesses outcomes and is safe." Quality in headache care is multidimensional and resides in nine essential domains that are of equal importance. The indicators are currently being tested for feasibility of use in clinical settings.

Peters, Michele; Jenkinson, Crispin

2012-01-01

171

Alternative perspectives of quality of prenatal care in Chihuahua, Mexico  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: this article describes the process and results of a research on the quality of prenatal care from the perspective of pregnant women who use the principal subsystems of the Mexican healthcare system in the city of Chihuahua, Mexico. Methodology: the ?eld of cognitive anthropology was adopted using techniques that reveal the organization of concepts of quality in prenatal care based on pregnant women’s knowledge and experience, in terms of where they decided to seek care. Results: aspects of care quality assumed as satis?ers that are important to women when they seek prenatal care in different healthcare institutions are presented. These women prefer to obtain full information from their healthcare providers about how to take care of themselves during their pregnancy, and, additionally, they also wish to be treated in a kind way showing respect and interest in their emotions and feelings on the part of the physicians. They also criticize the condition of the hospitals and the lack of medicines that were supposed to be provided. The methods that were utilized are considered to contribute to the improvement of quality in prenatal service and, furthermore, to optimizing the continuity of care for pregnant women.

Lourdes Camarena O

2007-02-01

172

Mentoring Means Higher Quality Care for Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Alabama Child Care Resources provides an early-childhood-educator course. A mentoring component was added to transfer learning from course to practical work situations and to provide professional and personal growth for educators. The Specialized Training Achievement Recognition System (STARS) is used as an organized path for professional…

Mattern, Valerie; Scott, Barbara

1999-01-01

173

Patient satisfaction surveys and quality of care: an information paper.  

Science.gov (United States)

With passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, payment incentives were created to improve the "value" of health care delivery. Because physicians and physician practices aim to deliver care that is both clinically effective and patient centered, it is important to understand the association between the patient experience and quality health outcomes. Surveys have become a tool with which to quantify the consumer experience. In addition, results of these surveys are playing an increasingly important role in determining hospital payment. Given that the patient experience is being used as a surrogate marker for quality and value of health care delivery, we will review the patient experience-related pay-for-performance programs and effect on emergency medicine, discuss the literature describing the association between quality and the patient-reported experience, and discuss future opportunities for emergency medicine. PMID:24656761

Farley, Heather; Enguidanos, Enrique R; Coletti, Christian M; Honigman, Leah; Mazzeo, Anthony; Pinson, Thomas B; Reed, Kevin; Wiler, Jennifer L

2014-10-01

174

Quality of care delivered to hospitalized inflammatory bowel disease patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hospitalized patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD are at high risk for morbidity, mortality, and health care utilization costs. While the literature on trends in hospitalization rates for this disease is conflicting, there does appear to be significant variation in the delivery of care to this complex group, which may be a marker of suboptimal quality of care. There is a need for improvement in identifying patients at risk for hospitalization in an effort to reduce admissions. Moreover, appropriate screening for a number of hospital acquired complications such as venous thromboembolism and Clostridium difficile infection is suboptimal. This review discusses areas of inpatient care for IBD patients that are in need of improvement and outlines a number of potential quality improvement initiatives such as pay-for-performance models, quality improvement frameworks, and healthcare information technology.

Geoffrey C Nguyen

2013-01-01

175

[Criteria used in the health care quality assurance systems].  

Science.gov (United States)

The author presents the criteria used in the health care quality assurance systems with special attention paid to the following issues: Quality management system ISO 9000:2000. European Foundation Quality Management. Hospital accreditation. Quality assurance system in occupational health services in Norway "Good OHS". Quality management criteria are regarded as guidelines for functioning of organizations. All presented evaluation systems are based on a common set of criteria, which include: client-patient orientation; advancement of stuff skills; information management; services and management improvement. PMID:14978899

Wdówik, Pawe?

2003-01-01

176

Using quality for daily work in ambulatory care settings.  

Science.gov (United States)

How do we improve the delivery of quality health care? How do we continue to motivate and recognize employees who see layoffs, downsizing, reengineering, and cutbacks? Do we continue to work with obsolete systems in the same top-down management staffs used for the last 100 years? The answer is no. The answer is total quality management, continuous quality improvement, and process improvement, but with a new twist--activity-based resourcing. PMID:10142783

Hahn, G

1995-05-01

177

Research into care quality criteria for long-term care institutions.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this paper was to determine the criteria that reflect the quality of care provided by long-term care institutions. Research was conducted using a two-step procedure that first utilized the SERVQUAL model with Fuzzy Delphi Method to establish the proper criteria by which service quality could be measured. A total of 200 questionnaires were mailed to expert respondents, of which 89 were returned and 77 deemed valid for use in this study. We then applied the Multi-Criteria Decision Making Process to determine the degree of importance of each criterion to long-term care institution service quality planning work. Secondly, 200 questionnaires were distributed and 74 valid responses were returned. Based on the 5 SERVQUAL model constructs, this study found 17 of the 28 criteria, to be pertinent to nursing care quality, with those in the Responsiveness and Empathy domains being the ones most critical. PMID:18080970

Wang, Wen-Liang; Chang, Hong-Jer; Liu, An-Chi; Chen, Yu-Wen

2007-12-01

178

[Diabetes, psychosocial distress and quality of care].  

Science.gov (United States)

Diabetes is on the rise world wide; according to the latest report from the International Diabetes Federation, the number of people affected by the disease will increase by 55% from 382 in 2013 to almost 600 million in 2033. Individuals living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes are at increased risk for depression and anxiety. Diabetes impacts on physical, emotional, social and financial aspects of life across cultures and countries, yet gaps in care exist around psychosocial and self-management education and support. The DAWN2 study provides a first multinational, multidisciplinary systematic framework for the comparison of unmet needs of people with diabetes and those who care for them in four continents. it is necessary to develop a system of patient-centered care, in which the empowerment of the person is the main instrument, and at the same time target on which to focus. Transforming study results into actions at the national level will represent one of the main activities of the DAWN2 initiative. In Italy, to do so, it is not enough write new documents but new resources are required. PMID:25282349

Fatati, Giuseppe

2014-10-01

179

Evaluación de la mortalidad perinatal en mujeres autóctonas e inmigrantes: influencia de la exhaustividad y la calidad de los registros / Perinatal mortality assessment in native and immigrant women: influence of exhaustiveness and quality of the registries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Realizar un análisis comparativo de la exhaustividad de los datos sobre mortalidad perinatal en la Comunitat Valenciana recogidos en el Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) y en el Registro de Mortalidad Perinatal (RMPCV). Posteriormente, calcular y comparar la tasa de mortalidad perina [...] tal (TMP) y sus componentes en gestantes autóctonas e inmigrantes, tomando como referencia los casos notificados a ambos registros durante 2005 y 2006. Métodos: Se definieron los distintos tipos de mortalidad de acuerdo con los criterios establecidos por la OMS. La magnitud de la infradeclaración se analizó calculando las frecuencias y porcentajes de muertes infradeclaradas para el período 2005-2006. Se calcularon y compararon las diversas tasas entre mujeres autóctonas e inmigrantes de los cuatro grupos mayoritarios a partir de ambos registros, así como los intervalos de confianza del 95% para dichas tasas. Resultados: En el INE existe un importante subregistro de muertes fetales y neonatales. Además, constan neonatos fallecidos de madre extranjera con nacionalidad española asignada. Ambos factores distorsionan la proporción de muertes fetales y neonatales en inmigrantes, y provocan una infraestimación de la TMP y sus componentes en estos colectivos, pues las obtenidas a partir del RMPCV son muy superiores en las mujeres inmigrantes, en particular en las de Europa del Este y las subsaharianas, en comparación con las autóctonas. Conclusiones: En definitiva, nuestros resultados indican que ambos registros son complementarios, pero el RMPCV presenta una mayor exhaustividad y fiabilidad para el cálculo de tasas. Además, sugieren la necesidad de monitorizar la evolución de la TMP en la población inmigrante en España. Abstract in english Objective: To analyze the exhaustiveness and reliability of the data on perinatal mortality in two Spanish registries, namely, the National Statistics Institute and the Perinatal Mortality Registry of the Valencian Community and to calculate and compare the perinatal mortality rate (PMR) and its com [...] ponents in native and immigrant women, based on the cases reported to both registries in 2005 and 2006. Methods: Perinatal mortality and its components were defined according to the World Health Organization's criteria. The magnitude of underreporting was calculated by taking into account the frequencies and percentages of deaths not declared for 2005-2006. Rates and their 95% confidence intervals were calculated and compared between native and immigrant women using data from both registries. Results: Fetal and neonatal deaths were substantially underreported in the National Statistics Institute compared with the Perinatal Mortality Registry of the Valencian Community. Moreover, in the National Statistics Institute, some neonatal deaths among the offspring of immigrant women were misclassified as being of Spanish nationality. These two factors distorted the proportion of fetal and neonatal deaths in immigrant women, giving rise to an underestimation of the PMR and its components, since the rates obtained from the Perinatal Mortality Registry of the Valencian Community were higher in immigrant than in Spanish women, particularly among east-European and sub-Saharan women. Conclusions: Our results indicate that both registries are complementary. However, the Perinatal Mortality Registry of the Valencian Community was found to be more exhaustive and to have greater reliability. Our results also suggest the importance of monitoring trends in PMR in the immigrant population in Spain.

Isabel, Río Sánchez; Susana, Bosch Sánchez; Adela, Castelló Pastor; Aurora, López-Maside; Carmen, García Senchermes; Oscar, Zurriaga Llorens; Sol, Juárez; Marisa, Rebagliato Ruso; Francisco, Bolúmar Montrull.

180

Evaluación de la mortalidad perinatal en mujeres autóctonas e inmigrantes: influencia de la exhaustividad y la calidad de los registros / Perinatal mortality assessment in native and immigrant women: influence of exhaustiveness and quality of the registries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Realizar un análisis comparativo de la exhaustividad de los datos sobre mortalidad perinatal en la Comunitat Valenciana recogidos en el Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) y en el Registro de Mortalidad Perinatal (RMPCV). Posteriormente, calcular y comparar la tasa de mortalidad perina [...] tal (TMP) y sus componentes en gestantes autóctonas e inmigrantes, tomando como referencia los casos notificados a ambos registros durante 2005 y 2006. Métodos: Se definieron los distintos tipos de mortalidad de acuerdo con los criterios establecidos por la OMS. La magnitud de la infradeclaración se analizó calculando las frecuencias y porcentajes de muertes infradeclaradas para el período 2005-2006. Se calcularon y compararon las diversas tasas entre mujeres autóctonas e inmigrantes de los cuatro grupos mayoritarios a partir de ambos registros, así como los intervalos de confianza del 95% para dichas tasas. Resultados: En el INE existe un importante subregistro de muertes fetales y neonatales. Además, constan neonatos fallecidos de madre extranjera con nacionalidad española asignada. Ambos factores distorsionan la proporción de muertes fetales y neonatales en inmigrantes, y provocan una infraestimación de la TMP y sus componentes en estos colectivos, pues las obtenidas a partir del RMPCV son muy superiores en las mujeres inmigrantes, en particular en las de Europa del Este y las subsaharianas, en comparación con las autóctonas. Conclusiones: En definitiva, nuestros resultados indican que ambos registros son complementarios, pero el RMPCV presenta una mayor exhaustividad y fiabilidad para el cálculo de tasas. Además, sugieren la necesidad de monitorizar la evolución de la TMP en la población inmigrante en España. Abstract in english Objective: To analyze the exhaustiveness and reliability of the data on perinatal mortality in two Spanish registries, namely, the National Statistics Institute and the Perinatal Mortality Registry of the Valencian Community and to calculate and compare the perinatal mortality rate (PMR) and its com [...] ponents in native and immigrant women, based on the cases reported to both registries in 2005 and 2006. Methods: Perinatal mortality and its components were defined according to the World Health Organization's criteria. The magnitude of underreporting was calculated by taking into account the frequencies and percentages of deaths not declared for 2005-2006. Rates and their 95% confidence intervals were calculated and compared between native and immigrant women using data from both registries. Results: Fetal and neonatal deaths were substantially underreported in the National Statistics Institute compared with the Perinatal Mortality Registry of the Valencian Community. Moreover, in the National Statistics Institute, some neonatal deaths among the offspring of immigrant women were misclassified as being of Spanish nationality. These two factors distorted the proportion of fetal and neonatal deaths in immigrant women, giving rise to an underestimation of the PMR and its components, since the rates obtained from the Perinatal Mortality Registry of the Valencian Community were higher in immigrant than in Spanish women, particularly among east-European and sub-Saharan women. Conclusions: Our results indicate that both registries are complementary. However, the Perinatal Mortality Registry of the Valencian Community was found to be more exhaustive and to have greater reliability. Our results also suggest the importance of monitoring trends in PMR in the immigrant population in Spain.

Isabel, Río Sánchez; Susana, Bosch Sánchez; Adela, Castelló Pastor; Aurora, López-Maside; Carmen, García Senchermes; Oscar, Zurriaga Llorens; Sol, Juárez; Marisa, Rebagliato Ruso; Francisco, Bolúmar Montrull.

 
 
 
 
181

Óbitos perinatais investigados e falhas na assistência hospitalar ao parto Muertes perinatales investigadas y los fracasos en la atención hospitalaria al parto Perinatal deaths investigated and failures in hospital care delivery  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivou-se analisar as falhas na assistência hospitalar ao parto, o perfil materno e as características do feto e do recém-nascido que evoluíram para óbito perinatal, em Belo Horizonte. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, dos óbitos perinatais investigados pelo Comitê de Prevenção de Óbitos de Belo Horizonte, ocorridos entre 2003 e 2007. A fonte dos dados foram as fichas de investigação do Comitê. Os dados foram analisados pela distribuição de frequência das variáveis e análise bivariada utilizando-se o teste de Qui-quadrado de Pearson, considerando o nível de significância de 5% (pAnalizar las deficiencias en la prestación de la atención hospitalaria al parto, el perfil materno y las características del feto y del recién nacido que murió durante el período perinatal, en Belo Horizonte (MG. MÉTODOS: eEstudio transversal de las muertes perinatales investigadas por el Comité para la Prevención de Muertes de Belo Horizonte, que se produjo entre 2003 y 2007. La fuente de datos fueron informes de investigación del Comité. Los datos fueron analizados mediante distribución de frecuencias de las variables y el análisis bivariado se utilizó la prueba de Qui-Quadrado, teniendo en cuenta el nivel de significación del 5% (p To analyze the shortcomings in hospital care delivery, the maternal profile and characteristics of the fetus and newborn that died perinatally, in Belo Horizonte. METHODS: Cross sectional study of perinatal deaths investigated by the Committee for the Prevention of Deaths of Belo Horizonte, which occurred between 2003 and 2007. The data source was the Committee's investigation forms. Data were analyzed by frequency distribution of variables and the bivariate analysis used the chi-square test, considering the significance level of 5% (p <0.05. RESULTS: We studied 253 deaths, most born at term with adequate weight infants. In 65.6% of cases there were gaps in care, mainly related to the monitoring of pregnant women during labor and delivery. CONCLUSIONS: We identified a high percentage of failures in the process of care delivery and a great potential avoidability of perinatal deaths.

Eunice Francisca Martins

2013-03-01

182

Core and comprehensive health care services: 2. Quality-of-care issues.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Health care services are being evaluated and redefined. Terms such as "medically necessary" and "comprehensive" are being supplanted by "core", "basic" and "optional." Quality-of-care concepts and analysis can assist decision making about which services should be insured, core services. A service is more likely to remain or become insured, and core to the system if it satisfies the key dimensions of high quality: effectiveness, appropriateness, efficiency, patient acceptance and safety. Quali...

Walters, D. J.; Morgan, D. A.

1995-01-01

183

Health, Quality of Care and Quality of Life: A Case of Frail Older Adults  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the relationship between health, quality of care of geriatric case management and quality of life for the purpose of furthering the understanding of the relationship between quality of life and geriatric case management. Using survey data from a group of frail older adults, this study assesses the relative merit of two…

Hsieh, Chang-Ming

2009-01-01

184

Maine Quality for ME: QRS Profile. The Child Care Quality Rating System (QRS) Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a profile of Maine's Quality for ME prepared as part of the Child Care Quality Rating System (QRS) Assessment Study. The profile consists of several sections and their corresponding descriptions including: (1) Program Information; (2) Rating Details; (3) Quality Indicators for Center-Based Programs; (4) Indicators for Family…

Child Trends, 2010

2010-01-01

185

Indiana Paths to Quality: QRS Profile. The Child Care Quality Rating System (QRS) Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a profile of Indiana's Paths to Quality prepared as part of the Child Care Quality Rating System (QRS) Assessment Study. The profile consists of several sections and their corresponding descriptions including: (1) Program Information; (2) Rating Details; (3) Quality Indicators for Center-Based Programs; (4) Indicators for…

Child Trends, 2010

2010-01-01

186

Virginia Star Quality Initiative: QRS Profile. The Child Care Quality Rating System (QRS) Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a profile of Virginia's Star Quality Initiative prepared as part of the Child Care Quality Rating System (QRS) Assessment Study. The profile consists of several sections and their corresponding descriptions including: (1) Program Information; (2) Rating Details; (3) Quality Indicators for Center-Based Programs; (4) Indicators…

Child Trends, 2010

2010-01-01

187

Prevention Health Care Quality in America: Findings From the First National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ released in December 2003 the first National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR and National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR on behalf of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1,2. In this commentary, we summarize the main findings of the reports on preventive care for both primary prevention of disease and secondary prevention of increasing acuity of existing disease and discuss the implications for quality measurement and improvement efforts. Federal partners within the U.S. health care system have recently focused on increasing the use of preventive care services. Tommy G. Thompson, Secretary of Health and Human Services, issued a challenge in April 2003 at the launch of the Steps to a HealthierUS national initiative: "Approximately 95% of the $1.4 trillion that we spend as a nation on health goes to direct medical services, while approximately 5% is allocated to preventing disease and promoting health. This approach is equivalent to waiting for your car to break down before you take it in for maintenance. By changing the way we view our health, the Steps initiative helps move us from a disease care system to a true health care system." (3 Good quality preventive care holds the promise of greatly reducing the nation?s health care costs and overall burden of disease. Numerous studies and reports have examined the general quality of preventive care services in the United States (4-7. Others have explored the performance of the U.S. health care system in delivering specific preventive care services such as immunizations (8,9, cancer screening (10-12, and cholesterol and blood pressure screening (13-15. The NHQR and NHDR provide the first national baseline views of the quality of health care services and of differences in how at-risk groups in America use the services. The reports provide one of the broadest examinations to date of prevention health care quality for the nation and among key priority populations, measuring quality of care across a range of dimensions, including the degree to which care is safe, patient centered, timely, and effectively delivered. They track more than 50 primary and secondary prevention quality-of-care measures in five clinical areas, including cancer, diabetes, heart disease, maternal and child health, and respiratory disease.

Ed Kelley

2004-07-01

188

Labour complications remain the most important risk factors for perinatal mortality in rural Kenya / Les complications du travail restent les facteurs de risque les plus importants de mortalité périnatale dans les zones rurales du Kenya / Las complicaciones del parto siguen siendo el factor de riesgo de mortalidad perinatal más importante en la Kenya rural  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Identificar y cuantificar los factores de riesgo de mortalidad perinatal en un hospital de distrito de Kenya y evaluar la proporción de defunciones perinatales atribuibles a complicaciones del parto, desnutrición materna, malaria, anemia y virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH). MÉTODO [...] S: Entre enero de 1996 y julio de 1997 se realizó un estudio transversal de 910 nacimientos para analizar los factores de riesgo de defunción perinatal. RESULTADOS: La tasa de mortalidad perinatal fue de 118 por 1000 nacimientos. Las complicaciones del parto consistentes en hemorragias, ruptura prematura de membranas/parto prematuro, y parto obstruido/presentación defectuosa multiplicaban el riesgo de defunción por un factor de entre 8 y 62, y el 53% de todas las defunciones perinatales se atribuyeron a complicaciones del parto. La malaria placentaria y el VIH materno, en cambio, no se asociaron a mortalidad perinatal. CONCLUSIÓN: Es necesario prestar más atención a la calidad de la atención obstétrica dispensada en el entorno de los hospitales de distrito rurales. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To identify and quantify risk factors for perinatal mortality in a Kenyan district hospital and to assess the proportion of perinatal deaths attributable to labour complications, maternal undernutrition, malaria, anaemia and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS: A cross-sectional [...] study of 910 births was conducted between January 1996 and July 1997 and risk factors for perinatal mortality were analysed. FINDINGS: The perinatal mortality rate was 118 per 1000 births. Complications of labour such as haemorrhage, premature rupture of membranes/premature labour, and obstructed labour/ malpresentation increased the risk of death between 8- and 62-fold, and 53% of all perinatal deaths were attributable to labour complications. Placental malaria and maternal HIV, on the other hand, were not associated with perinatal mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Greater attention needs to be given to the quality of obstetric care provided in the rural district-hospital setting.

Renay, Weiner; Carine, Ronsmans; Ed, Dorman; Hilton, Jilo; Anne, Muhoro; Caroline, Shulman.

189

Perceptions of jordanian head nurses of variables that influence the quality of nursing care.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research was to study the perceptions of head nurses in Jordan about variables that influence the quality of nursing care in a teaching hospital. Head nurses perceived that nurses "usually" provided high quality nursing care. Time was the most important factor that influenced the quality of nursing care. High quality care required adequate staffing levels. PMID:15326998

Mrayyan, Majd T

2004-01-01

190

Perinatal health and mother-child health care in the municipality of São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this article was to evaluate socioeconomic and demographic indicators, reproductive health, use of prenatal, childbirth, and neonatal services, and anthropometric data for mothers and infants. The authors performed a cross-sectional analysis of a systematic sample of 2,831 hospital births in São Luís, Maranhão State, from March 1997 to February 1998 at ten public and private maternity hospitals. The sample was stratified proportionally according to the number of births in each maternity hospital. Mothers answered a standard questionnaire. Of the total, 97.9% were live births and 98% were singletons. Prenatal coverage was 89.5%, and prevalence of cesarean sections was 33.8%. A physician provided prenatal care in 75.7% of cases and performed 73.8% of the deliveries. The Unified Health System covered the costs of 76.4% of the prenatal visits and 89.7% of the deliveries. A pediatrician was present in the delivery room in 50.2% of cases. The low birth weight rate was 9.6% and the preterm birth rate 13.9%. Reasons for concern included a high percentage of adolescent mothers, single mothers (or without partners, the high cesarean rate, and the high percentage of births attended by unqualified personnel.

Silva Antônio Augusto M. da

2001-01-01

191

Óbitos perinatais investigados e falhas na assistência hospitalar ao parto / Perinatal deaths investigated and failures in hospital care delivery / Muertes perinatales investigadas y los fracasos en la atención hospitalaria al parto  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivou-se analisar as falhas na assistência hospitalar ao parto, o perfil materno e as características do feto e do recém-nascido que evoluíram para óbito perinatal, em Belo Horizonte. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, dos óbitos perinatais investigados pelo Comitê de Prevenção de Óbitos de Belo Horiz [...] onte, ocorridos entre 2003 e 2007. A fonte dos dados foram as fichas de investigação do Comitê. Os dados foram analisados pela distribuição de frequência das variáveis e análise bivariada utilizando-se o teste de Qui-quadrado de Pearson, considerando o nível de significância de 5% (p Abstract in spanish Analizar las deficiencias en la prestación de la atención hospitalaria al parto, el perfil materno y las características del feto y del recién nacido que murió durante el período perinatal, en Belo Horizonte (MG). MÉTODOS: eEstudio transversal de las muertes perinatales investigadas por el Comité pa [...] ra la Prevención de Muertes de Belo Horizonte, que se produjo entre 2003 y 2007. La fuente de datos fueron informes de investigación del Comité. Los datos fueron analizados mediante distribución de frecuencias de las variables y el análisis bivariado se utilizó la prueba de Qui-Quadrado, teniendo en cuenta el nivel de significación del 5% (p Abstract in english To analyze the shortcomings in hospital care delivery, the maternal profile and characteristics of the fetus and newborn that died perinatally, in Belo Horizonte. METHODS: Cross sectional study of perinatal deaths investigated by the Committee for the Prevention of Deaths of Belo Horizonte, which oc [...] curred between 2003 and 2007. The data source was the Committee's investigation forms. Data were analyzed by frequency distribution of variables and the bivariate analysis used the chi-square test, considering the significance level of 5% (p

Eunice Francisca, Martins; Edna Maria, Rezende; Francisco Carlos Félix, Lana; Kleyde Ventura de, Souza.

192

Effects of quality improvement in health facilities and community mobilization through women's groups on maternal, neonatal and perinatal mortality in three districts of Malawi: MaiKhanda, a cluster randomized controlled effectiveness trial  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Maternal, perinatal and neonatal mortality remains high in low-income countries. We evaluated community and facility-based interventions to reduce deaths in three districts of Malawi. Methods: We evaluated a rural participatory women's group community intervention (CI) and a quality improvement intervention at health centres (FI) via a two-by-two factorial cluster randomized controlled trial. Consenting pregnant women were followed-up to 2 months after birth using key informant...

Colbourn, T.; Nambiar, B.; Bondo, A.; Makwenda, C.; Tsetekani, E.; Makonda-ridley, A.; Msukwa, M.; Barker, P.; Kotagal, U.; Williams, C.; Davies, R.; Webb, D.; Flatman, D.; Lewycka, S.; Rosato, M.

2013-01-01

193

Measuring the quality of therapeutic apheresis care in the pediatric intensive care unit.  

Science.gov (United States)

Our goal was to measure the quality of care provided in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) during Therapeutic Apheresis (TA). We described the care as a step by step process. We designed a flow chart to carefully document each step of the process. We then defined each step with a unique clinical indictor (CI) that represented the exact task we felt provided quality care. These CIs were studied and modified for 1 year. We measured our performance in this process by the number of times we accomplished the CI vs. the total number of CIs that were to be performed. The degree of compliance, with these clinical indicators, was analyzed and used as a metric for quality by calculating how close the process is running exactly as planned or "in control." The Apheresis Process was in control (compliance) for 47% of the indicators, as measured in the aggregate for the first observational year. We then applied the theory of Total Quality Management (TQM) through our Design, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control (DMAIC) model. We were able to improve the process and bring it into control by increasing the compliance to > 99.74%, in the aggregate, for the third and fourth quarter of the second year. We have implemented TQM to increase compliance, thus control, of a highly complex and multidisciplinary Pediatric Intensive Care therapy. We have shown a reproducible and scalable measure of quality for a complex clinical process in the PICU, without additional capital expenditure. PMID:22095668

Sussmane, Jeffrey B; Torbati, Dan; Gitlow, Howard S

2012-01-01

194

Initial Steps for Quality Improvement of Obesity Care Across Divisions at a Tertiary Care Pediatric Hospital  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Pediatric subspecialists can participate in the care of obese children. Objective: To describe steps to help subspecialty providers initiate quality improvement efforts in obesity care. Methods: An anonymous patient data download, provider surveys and interviews assessed subspecialty providers’ identification and perspectives of childhood obesity and gathered information on perceived roles and care strategies. Participating divisions received summary analyses of quantitative and qualitative data and met with study leaders to develop visions for division/service-specific care improvement. Results: Among 13 divisions/services, subspecialists’ perceived role varied by specialty; many expressed the need for cross-collaboration. All survey informants agreed that identification was the first step, and expressed interest in obtaining additional resources to improve care. Conclusions: Subspecialists were interested in improving the quality and coordination of obesity care for patients across our tertiary care setting. Developing quality improvement projects to achieve greater pediatric obesity care goals starts with engagement of providers toward better identifying and managing childhood obesity. PMID:25233013

Chang, Sheila Z.; Beacher, Daniel R.; Kwon, Soyang; McCarville, Megan A.; Binns, Helen J.; Ariza, Adolfo J.

2014-01-01

195

Initial Steps for Quality Improvement of Obesity Care Across Divisions at a Tertiary Care Pediatric Hospital  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Pediatric subspecialists can participate in the care of obese children. Objective: To describe steps to help subspecialty providers initiate quality improvement efforts in obesity care. Methods: An anonymous patient data download, provider surveys and interviews assessed subspecialty providers’ identification and perspectives of childhood obesity and gathered information on perceived roles and care strategies. Participating divisions received summary analyses of quantitative and qualitative data and met with study leaders to develop visions for division/service-specific care improvement. Results: Among 13 divisions/services, subspecialists’ perceived role varied by specialty; many expressed the need for cross-collaboration. All survey informants agreed that identification was the first step, and expressed interest in obtaining additional resources to improve care. Conclusions: Subspecialists were interested in improving the quality and coordination of obesity care for patients across our tertiary care setting. Developing quality improvement projects to achieve greater pediatric obesity care goals starts with engagement of providers toward better identifying and managing childhood obesity.

Sheila Z. Chang

2014-09-01

196

The relationship between maternal education and mortality among women giving birth in health care institutions: Analysis of the cross sectional WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Approximately one-third of a million women die each year from pregnancy-related conditions. Three-quarters of these deaths are considered avoidable. Millennium Development Goal five calls for a reduction in maternal mortality and the establishment of universal access to high quality reproductive health care. There is evidence of a relationship between lower levels of maternal education and higher maternal mortality. This study examines the relationship between maternal education a...

2011-01-01

197

The Quality of Advanced Dementia Care in the Nursing Home: The Role of Special Care Units  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The quality of nursing home care for residents with advanced dementia has been described as suboptimal. One relatively understudied factor is the impact of special care units (SCUs) for dementia for residents at the end-stage of this disease. Objective To examine the association between residence in an SCU and the quality of end-of-life care for nursing home residents with advanced dementia. Research Design This study employed longitudinal data on 323 nursing home residents with advanced dementia living in 22 Boston-area facilities. Using multivariate methods, we analyzed the association between residence in an SCU and measures of quality of end-of-life care including: treatment of pain and dyspnea, prevalence of pressure ulcers, hospitalization, tube feeding, antipsychotic drug use, advance care planning, and health care proxy (HCP) satisfaction with care. Results A total of 43.7% residents were cared for in an SCU. After multivariate adjustment, residents in SCUs were more likely to receive treatment for dyspnea, had fewer hospitalizations, were less likely to be tube fed, and more likely to have a do-not-hospitalize order, compared to non-SCU residents. However, non-SCU residents were more likely to be treated for pain, had fewer pressure ulcers, and less frequent use of antipsychotic drugs than SCU residents. HCPs of SCU residents reported greater satisfaction with care than HCPs of non-SCU residents. Conclusions Residence in an SCU is associated with some, but not all, markers of better quality end-of-life care among nursing home residents with advanced dementia. PMID:22982735

Cadigan, Rebecca Orfaly; Grabowski, David C.; Givens, Jane L.; Mitchell, Susan L.

2012-01-01

198

Improving quality of care through improved audit and feedback  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has led the industry in measuring facility performance as a critical element in improving quality of care, investing substantial resources to develop and maintain valid and cost-effective measures. The External Peer Review Program (EPRP) of the VA is the official data source for monitoring facility performance, used to prioritize the quality areas needing most attention. Facility performance measurement has significa...

Hysong Sylvia J; Teal Cayla R; Khan Myrna J; Haidet Paul

2012-01-01

199

Palliative care and quality of life in neuro-oncology  

Science.gov (United States)

Health-related quality of life has become an important end point in modern day clinical practice in patients with primary or secondary brain tumors. Patients have unique symptoms and problems from diagnosis till death, which require interventions that are multidisciplinary in nature. Here, we review and summarize the various key issues in palliative care, quality of life and end of life in patients with brain tumors, with the focus on primary gliomas. PMID:25165570

Mummudi, Naveen

2014-01-01

200

Parent Experiences with State Child Care Subsidy Systems and Their Perceptions of Choice and Quality in Care Selected  

Science.gov (United States)

Research Findings: This study investigated parents' experiences using Child Care and Development Fund and other state-dispersed child care subsidies, reasons for choosing their current child care program, and perceptions of the quality of child care received from their current program. A telephone survey of 659 parents receiving child care

Raikes, Helen; Torquati, Julia; Wang, Cixin; Shjegstad, Brinn

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Sociodemographic risk factors of perinatal depression: a cohort study in the public health care system / Fatores sociodemográficos de risco de depressão perinatal: um estudo populacional no sistema público de cuidados de saúde  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar os fatores sociodemográficos de risco quanto à prevalência e à incidência de sintomas depressivos pós-parto relevantes. MÉTODO: Estudou-se um grupo de mulheres em seu período perinatal sendo assistidas pelo sistema público de saúde na cidade de Pelotas, RS, Brasil. Foram avaliados [...] os sintomas depressivos com o uso da Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EDPS) nos períodos pré-natal e pós-natal. RESULTADOS: Foram entrevistadas 1.019 mulheres. A prevalência de sintomas depressivos significativos durante a gravidez foi de 20,5% e no período pós-parto de 16,5%. As mulheres com depressão pré-natal apresentaram um risco maior de depressão pós-parto. CONCLUSÃO: O nível de pobreza, a história psiquiátrica, a ausência do parceiro e eventos vitais estressantes devem ser considerados fatores de risco importantes para sintomas depressivos pós-parto relevantes. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the sociodemographic risk factors for the prevalence and incidence of relevant postpartum depressive symptoms. METHOD: We studied a cohort of women in their perinatal period with the assistance of the public health system in the city of Pelotas-RS, Brazil. We assessed depressive [...] symptoms with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in the prenatal and postnatal periods. RESULTS We interviewed 1,109 women. The prevalence of meaningful depressive symptoms during pregnancy was 20.5% and postpartum was 16.5%. Women with prenatal depression were at higher risk for postpartum depression. CONCLUSION: The mother's poverty level, psychiatric history, partner absence and stressful life events should be considered important risk factors for relevant postpartum depressive symptoms.

Ricardo, Silva; Karen, Jansen; Luciano, Souza; Luciana, Quevedo; Luana, Barbosa; Inácia, Moraes; Bernardo, Horta; Ricardo, Pinheiro.

202

Sociodemographic risk factors of perinatal depression: a cohort study in the public health care system / Fatores sociodemográficos de risco de depressão perinatal: um estudo populacional no sistema público de cuidados de saúde  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar os fatores sociodemográficos de risco quanto à prevalência e à incidência de sintomas depressivos pós-parto relevantes. MÉTODO: Estudou-se um grupo de mulheres em seu período perinatal sendo assistidas pelo sistema público de saúde na cidade de Pelotas, RS, Brasil. Foram avaliados [...] os sintomas depressivos com o uso da Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EDPS) nos períodos pré-natal e pós-natal. RESULTADOS: Foram entrevistadas 1.019 mulheres. A prevalência de sintomas depressivos significativos durante a gravidez foi de 20,5% e no período pós-parto de 16,5%. As mulheres com depressão pré-natal apresentaram um risco maior de depressão pós-parto. CONCLUSÃO: O nível de pobreza, a história psiquiátrica, a ausência do parceiro e eventos vitais estressantes devem ser considerados fatores de risco importantes para sintomas depressivos pós-parto relevantes. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the sociodemographic risk factors for the prevalence and incidence of relevant postpartum depressive symptoms. METHOD: We studied a cohort of women in their perinatal period with the assistance of the public health system in the city of Pelotas-RS, Brazil. We assessed depressive [...] symptoms with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in the prenatal and postnatal periods. RESULTS We interviewed 1,109 women. The prevalence of meaningful depressive symptoms during pregnancy was 20.5% and postpartum was 16.5%. Women with prenatal depression were at higher risk for postpartum depression. CONCLUSION: The mother's poverty level, psychiatric history, partner absence and stressful life events should be considered important risk factors for relevant postpartum depressive symptoms.

Ricardo, Silva; Karen, Jansen; Luciano, Souza; Luciana, Quevedo; Luana, Barbosa; Inácia, Moraes; Bernardo, Horta; Ricardo, Pinheiro.

2012-06-01

203

Sociodemographic risk factors of perinatal depression: a cohort study in the public health care system Fatores sociodemográficos de risco de depressão perinatal: um estudo populacional no sistema público de cuidados de saúde  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the sociodemographic risk factors for the prevalence and incidence of relevant postpartum depressive symptoms. METHOD: We studied a cohort of women in their perinatal period with the assistance of the public health system in the city of Pelotas-RS, Brazil. We assessed depressive symptoms with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS in the prenatal and postnatal periods. RESULTS We interviewed 1,109 women. The prevalence of meaningful depressive symptoms during pregnancy was 20.5% and postpartum was 16.5%. Women with prenatal depression were at higher risk for postpartum depression. CONCLUSION: The mother's poverty level, psychiatric history, partner absence and stressful life events should be considered important risk factors for relevant postpartum depressive symptoms.OBJETIVO: Avaliar os fatores sociodemográficos de risco quanto à prevalência e à incidência de sintomas depressivos pós-parto relevantes. MÉTODO: Estudou-se um grupo de mulheres em seu período perinatal sendo assistidas pelo sistema público de saúde na cidade de Pelotas, RS, Brasil. Foram avaliados os sintomas depressivos com o uso da Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EDPS nos períodos pré-natal e pós-natal. RESULTADOS: Foram entrevistadas 1.019 mulheres. A prevalência de sintomas depressivos significativos durante a gravidez foi de 20,5% e no período pós-parto de 16,5%. As mulheres com depressão pré-natal apresentaram um risco maior de depressão pós-parto. CONCLUSÃO: O nível de pobreza, a história psiquiátrica, a ausência do parceiro e eventos vitais estressantes devem ser considerados fatores de risco importantes para sintomas depressivos pós-parto relevantes.

Ricardo Silva

2012-06-01

204

Avoidaee Perinatal Deaths as Seen at Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar-es-Salaam Tanzania.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In developing countries perinatal mortality is still very high and remains a challenge in the care of pregnant women. In a poor resource country like Tanzania knowing the avoidable causes of perinatal deaths can greatly have an impact on perinatal mortality and designing effective and measurable interventions with the available resources. To determine factors contributing to avoidable perinatal death at Muhimbili National Hospital from 1st November 2006 to 31st January 2007. This was a cross ...

Marandu, Simon

2007-01-01

205

Quality health care for children and the Affordable Care Act: a voltage drop checklist.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) introduces enormous policy changes to the health care system with several anticipated benefits and a growing number of unanticipated challenges for child and adolescent health. Because the ACA gives each state and their payers substantial autonomy and discretion on implementation, understanding potential effects will require state-by-state monitoring of policies and their impact on children. The "voltage drop" framework is a useful interpretive guide for assessing the impact of insurance market change on the quality of care received. Using this framework we suggest a state-level checklist to examine ACA statewide implementation, assess its impact on health care delivery, and frame policy correctives to improve child health system performance. Although children's health care is a small part of US health care spending, child health provides the foundation for adult health and must be protected in ACA implementation. PMID:25225140

Cheng, Tina L; Wise, Paul H; Halfon, Neal

2014-10-01

206

What is the quality of quality of medical care measures? Rashomon-like relativism and real-world applications.  

Science.gov (United States)

Much attention has been directed toward the measurement of health outcomes and the quality of medical care. Some policymakers tout outcomes measurement as a promising tool for improving health care, while others question whether current quality of care assessment is valid and of practical importance. Although significant advances have been made in the ability to measure quality of care with validity, several major methodological challenges remain. We analyze the quality of quality of medical care measures, using a conceptual framework that outlines the purpose of the measures; paradigms of the quality of care, including Donabedian's structure-process-outcome model and continuous quality improvement; and other key elements, such as scope, time, unit of analysis, and perspectives. Patient preferences and organizational contexts have been underemphasized, and should be incorporated into the framework for conceptualizing quality of care. Quality of care has relativistic and dynamic aspects. Different perspectives lead to different views of what high quality care is, and quality of care is a changing concept since medical science and treatment are constantly evolving. The most appropriate quality measures depend upon whose perspective one takes and the purpose of the measures; if the measures are chosen wisely, the current state of quality of medical care measurement is adequate for both accountability and quality improvement. PMID:12582265

Chin, Marshall H; Muramatsu, Naoko

2003-01-01

207

Quality in the provision of headache care. 2: defining quality and its indicators.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to define "quality" of headache care, and develop indicators that are applicable in different settings and cultures and to all types of headache. No definition of quality of headache care has been formulated. Two sets of quality indicators, proposed in the US and UK, are limited to their localities and/or specific to migraine and their development received no input from people with headache. We first undertook a literature review. Then we conducted a series of focus-group consultations with key stakeholders (doctors, nurses and patients) in headache care. From the findings we proposed a large number of putative quality indicators, and refined these and reduced their number in consultations with larger international groups of stakeholder representatives. We formulated a definition of quality from the quality indicators. Five main themes were identified: (1) headache services; (2) health professionals; (3) patients; (4) financial resources; (5) political agenda and legislation. An initial list of 160 putative quality indicators in 14 domains was reduced to 30 indicators in 9 domains. These gave rise to the following multidimensional definition of quality of headache care: "Good-quality headache care achieves accurate diagnosis and individualized management, has appropriate referral pathways, educates patients about their headaches and their management, is convenient and comfortable, satisfies patients, is efficient and equitable, assesses outcomes and is safe." Quality in headache care is multidimensional and resides in nine essential domains that are of equal importance. The indicators are currently being tested for feasibility of use in clinical settings. PMID:22733141

Peters, Michele; Jenkinson, Crispin; Perera, Suraj; Loder, Elizabeth; Jensen, Rigmor; Katsarava, Zaza; Gil Gouveia, Raquel; Broner, Susan; Steiner, Timothy

2012-08-01

208

Compassion: the missing link in quality of care.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses the impact of selected findings from a PhD-study that focuses on compassion as a guiding principle for contemporary nursing education and practice. The study, of which the literature review and empirical findings have already been published, looked at compassion as perceived within the relationship of nurses and older persons with a chronic disease. The patient group was chosen because daily life for them is characterized by long-term dependency on care. The literature review resulted in a theoretical framework of compassion that also explores other closely related concepts such as suffering and empathy. The empirical part of the study, in which 61 in-depth interviews and 6 group interviews with patients and nurses took place, showed that compassion is a mirroring process in response to grief. Compassion consists of seven dimensions such as attentiveness and presence, in which saliency, so as to anticipate patients' needs, is of major importance. Compassion is perceived by participants as an indispensable aspect of care, which helps to reveal relevant information in order to establish appropriate outcomes of care. This article focuses on the aspects of the PhD-study in which an analysis of compassion in the context of both modern as well as the history of nursing took place. Currently evidence based practice is regarded as the standard for good quality care. Nevertheless there is an on-going debate about what constitutes good quality care. Within this debate two opposing views are apparent. One view defines good care as care supported by the best scientific evidence. The other view states that good care takes place within the nurse-patient relationship in which the nurse performs professional care based on intuitive knowing. It is suggested that compassion is the (missing) link between these views. PMID:24856582

van der Cingel, Margreet

2014-09-01

209

Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment: Organizational Change and Quality of Care  

Science.gov (United States)

Substance abuse treatment agencies serving youth face unique barriers to providing quality care. Interviews with 17 adolescent programs found that family engagement, community involvement, and gender and diversity issues affected treatment delivery. Programs report organizational change efforts with implications for future process improvement…

Rieckmann, Traci; Fussell, Holly; Doyle, Kevin; Ford, Jay; Riley, Katherine J.; Henderson, Stuart

2011-01-01

210

Improving regional variation using quality of care measures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Scott A Berkowitz1, Gary Gerstenblith1, Robert Herbert2, Gerard Anderson1,21Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 2Center for Hospital Finance and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USAAbstract: There is significant regional variability in the quality of care provided in the United States. This article compares regional performance for three measures that focus on transitions in care, and the care of patients with multiple conditions. Admissions for people with ambulatory care-sensitive conditions, hospital readmissions within 30 days of discharge, and compliance with practice guidelines for people with three chronic conditions (congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes were analyzed using data drawn from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ Standard Analytic Files for 5% of a 2004 national sample of Medicare beneficiaries which was divided by hospital referral regions and regional performance. There were significant regional differences in performance which we hypothesize could be improved through better care coordination and system management.Keywords: performance, quality, chronic condition, ambulatory care, sensitive conditions, readmissions

Scott A Berkowitz

2009-11-01

211

'Care left undone' during nursing shifts: associations with workload and perceived quality of care  

Science.gov (United States)

Background There is strong evidence to show that lower nurse staffing levels in hospitals are associated with worse patient outcomes. One hypothesised mechanism is the omission of necessary nursing care caused by time pressure—‘missed care’. Aim To examine the nature and prevalence of care left undone by nurses in English National Health Service hospitals and to assess whether the number of missed care episodes is associated with nurse staffing levels and nurse ratings of the quality of nursing care and patient safety environment. Methods Cross-sectional survey of 2917 registered nurses working in 401 general medical/surgical wards in 46 general acute National Health Service hospitals in England. Results Most nurses (86%) reported that one or more care activity had been left undone due to lack of time on their last shift. Most frequently left undone were: comforting or talking with patients (66%), educating patients (52%) and developing/updating nursing care plans (47%). The number of patients per registered nurse was significantly associated with the incidence of ‘missed care’ (p<0.001). A mean of 7.8 activities per shift were left undone on wards that are rated as ‘failing’ on patient safety, compared with 2.4 where patient safety was rated as ‘excellent’ (p?<0.?001). Conclusions Nurses working in English hospitals report that care is frequently left undone. Care not being delivered may be the reason low nurse staffing levels adversely affects quality and safety. Hospitals could use a nurse-rated assessment of ‘missed care’ as an early warning measure to identify wards with inadequate nurse staffing. PMID:23898215

Ball, Jane E; Murrells, Trevor; Rafferty, Anne Marie; Morrow, Elizabeth; Griffiths, Peter

2014-01-01

212

Measuring technical efficiency of output quality in intensive care units.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents some examples of the implications derived from imposing the objective of maximizing social welfare, subject to limited resources, on ethical care patients management in respect of quality performance of health services. Conventional knowledge of health economics points out that critically ill patients are responsible for increased use of technological resources and that they receive a high proportion of health care resources. Attempts to answer, from the point of view of microeconomics, the question: how do we measure comparative efficiency in the management of intensive care units? Analyses this question through data from an international empirical study using micro-economic measures of productive efficiency in public services (data envelopment analysis). Results show a 28.8 per cent level of technical inefficiency processing data from 25 intensive care units in the USA. PMID:10169231

Junoy, J P

1997-01-01

213

Complicated deliveries, critical care and quality in emergency obstetric care in Northern Tanzania.  

Science.gov (United States)

Our objective was to determine the availability and quality of obstetric care to improve resource allocation in northern Tanzania. We surveyed all facilities providing delivery services (n=129) in six districts in northern Tanzania using the UN Guidelines for monitoring emergency obstetric care (EmOC). The three last questions in this audit outline are examined: Are the right women (those with obstetric complications) using emergency obstetric care facilities (Met Need)? Are sufficient quantities of critical services being provided (cesarean section rate (CSR))? Is the quality of the services adequate (case fatality rate (CFR))? Complications are calculated using Plan 3 of the UN Guidelines to assess the value of routine data for EmOC indicator monitoring. Nearly 60% of the expected complicated deliveries in the study population were conducted at EmOC qualified health facilities. 81.2% of the expected complicated deliveries are conducted in any facility (including facilities not qualifying as EmOC facilities). There is an inadequate level of critical services provided (CSR 4.6). Voluntary agencies provide most of these services in rural settings. All indicators show large variations with the setting (urban/rural location, level and ownership of facilities). Finally, there is large variation in the CFR with only one facility meeting the minimum accepted level. Utilization and quality of critical obstetric services at lower levels and in rural districts must be improved. The potential for improving the resource allocation within lower levels of the health care system is discussed. Given the small number of qualified facilities yet relatively high Met Need, we argue that it is neither the mothers' ignorance nor their lack of ability to get to a facility that is the main barrier to receiving quality care when needed, but rather the lack of quality care at the facility. Little can be concluded using the CFR to describe the quality of services provided. PMID:15464791

Olsen, Ø E; Ndeki, S; Norheim, O F

2004-10-01

214

[Continuous nursing education to improve the quality of health care].  

Science.gov (United States)

Health care and today's medical and technical achievements and approved standards of treatment provide comprehensive quality, safety and traceability of medical procedures respecting the principles of health protection. Continuous education improves the quality of nursing health care and increases the effectiveness of patient care, consequently maintaining and enhancing patient safety. Patient health problems impose the need of appropriate, planned and timely nursing care and treatment. In providing quality nursing care, attention is focused on the patient and his/her needs in order to maintain and increase their safety, satisfaction, independence and recovery or peaceful death, so the health and nursing practices must be systematized, planned and based on knowledge and experience. Health and nursing care of patients at risk of developing acute and chronic wounds or already suffering from some form of this imply preventive measures that are provided through patient education, motivation, monitoring, early recognition of risk factors and causes, and reducing or removing them through the prescribed necessary medical treatment which is safe depending on the patient health status. Except for preventive measures, nursing care of patients who already suffer from some form of acute or chronic wounds is focused on the care and treatment of damaged tissue by providing appropriate and timely diagnosis, timely and proper evaluation of the wound and patient general status, knowledge and understanding of the wide range of local, oral and parenteral therapy and treatment, aiming to increase patient safety by preventing progression of the patient general condition and local wound status and reducing the possibility of developing infection or other complications of the underlying disease. In the overall patient management, through nursing process, medical interventions are implemented and aimed to maintain and optimize health status, prevent complications of existing diseases and conditions, provide appropriate wound treatment, increase satisfaction, reduce pain, increase mobility, reduce and eliminate aggravating factors, and achieve a satisfactory functional and aesthetic outcome. Many scientific researches and knowledge about the pathophysiological processes of wound formation and healing are currently available. Modern achievements can accelerate independence, reduce pain and encourage faster wound healing, thus it is important to continuously develop awareness, knowledge and experience, along with the treatment to achieve, maintain and enhance the quality of health care and patient safety. PMID:25326985

Fumi?, Nera; Marinovi?, Marin; Brajan, Dolores

2014-10-01

215

Satisfaction of patients from provided quality of care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available During recent years, the interest of health professionals has turned more and more towards to satisfaction of patients by the provided care of health. Aim: The aim of the present study was to review the literature about the satisfaction of patients by the the provided care of health. The method ?f this study included bibliography research from both the review and the research literature, mainly in the pubmed data base which referred to the satisfaction of patients by the provided care of health. Results: According to the literature, satisfaction of patients’ needs consists a complex issue. As implementation of patients’ needs is defined the level of satisfaction of patients’ expectations related to personal experience and to the meet of internal needs. The results of recent studies indicate that the expectation of patients and the health professionals should coincide having as ultimate goal the reassurance of co-operation. It is widely accepted that the meet of needs is related to better clinical outcome since satisfied patients are more likely to accept medical treatment, to have active participation in their care and maintain trust of services of health care. Furthermore, assessment of satisfaction of patients’ needs contributes to the improvement of health care services and to better management of cost for health. Finally, it is widely accepted that the meet of needs consists a credible index of quality of care. Conclusions: Though the satisfaction of patients’ needs is a subjective issue, however, it should consist an integral part of the treatment.

Ifigenia Kotsagiorgi

2010-04-01

216

Process Dimensions of Child Care Quality and Academic Achievement: An Instrumental Variables Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Child care quality is usually measured along two dimensions--structural and process. In this paper the authors focus on process quality--the quality of child care center instructional practices and teacher interactions with students. They use an instrumental variables technique to estimate the effect of child care center process quality on…

Auger, Anamarie; Farkas, George; Duncan, Greg; Burchinal, Peg; Vandell, Deborah Lowe

2012-01-01

217

Conservative spine care: opportunities to improve the quality and value of care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Low back pain (LBP) has received considerable attention from researchers and health care systems because of its substantial personal, social, work-related, and economic consequences. A narrative review was conducted summarizing data about the epidemiology, care seeking, and utilization patterns for LBP in the adult US population. Recommendations from a consensus of clinical practice guidelines were compared to findings about the current state of clinical practice for LBP. The impact of the first provider consulted on the quality and value of care was analyzed longitudinally across the continuum of episodes of care. The review concludes with a description of recently published evidence that has demonstrated that favorable health and economic outcomes can be achieved by incorporating evidence-informed decision criteria and guidance about entry into conservative low back care pathways. PMID:23965043

Kosloff, Thomas M; Elton, David; Shulman, Stephanie A; Clarke, Janice L; Skoufalos, Alexis; Solis, Amanda

2013-12-01

218

Quality-based financial incentives in health care: can we improve quality by paying for it?  

Science.gov (United States)

This article asks whether financial incentives can improve the quality of health care. A conceptual framework drawn from microeconomics, agency theory, behavioral economics, and cognitive psychology motivates a set of propositions about incentive effects on clinical quality. These propositions are evaluated through a synthesis of extant peer-reviewed empirical evidence. Comprehensive financial incentives--balancing rewards and penalties; blending structure, process, and outcome measures; emphasizing continuous, absolute performance standards; tailoring the size of incremental rewards to increasing marginal costs of quality improvement; and assuring certainty, frequency, and sustainability of incentive payoffs--offer the prospect of significantly enhancing quality beyond the modest impacts of prevailing pay-for-performance (P4P) programs. Such organizational innovations as the primary care medical home and accountable health care organizations are expected to catalyze more powerful quality incentive models: risk- and quality-adjusted capitation, episode of care payments, and enhanced fee-for-service payments for quality dimensions (e.g., prevention) most amenable to piece-rate delivery. PMID:19296779

Conrad, Douglas A; Perry, Lisa

2009-01-01

219

Quality of neurological care. Balancing cost control and ethics.  

Science.gov (United States)

As the quality of neurological care becomes a mutual objective of physicians, patients, and health planners, increased demands on cost savings will create conflicts that could threaten the ethical basis of medical practice. Physicians will see increasing ethical conflicts between their fiduciary duties to make treatment decisions in the best interest of their patients and their justice-based duties to conserve societal resources. These conflicts can be best mitigated if physicians maintain their orientation as patient advocates but practice cost-conscious clinical behaviors that consider the cost-effectiveness of tests and treatments and do not squander society's finite resources by ordering medical tests and treatments of zero or marginal utility. Health system planners should resolve their conflicting objectives of quality and cost control by rigorously defining and measuring quality through physician leadership and by implementing cost-control measures that enhance the quality of medical care. Managed care organizations voluntarily should forsake financially successful but blatantly unethical cost-saving schemes, such as gag clauses and end-of-year kickback payments to physicians, because these schemes diminish patients' trust in physicians and degrade the integrity of the patient-physician relationship. State and federal laws should prudently regulate these unethical cost-saving schemes to the same extent as they have for the harmful conflicts in fee-for-service medicine. PMID:9362979

Bernat, J L

1997-11-01

220

Management of nursing care quality with ethical principles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Quality is a guiding principle of nursing care, law 266 defines it as an efficient helpin terms of opportunity and proper use of resources. Nursing care is based oncomprehensive care on the basis of individual dignity, rights and needs, not just thedisease. Changes and trends in care have imposed new roles in professional practiceof nursing, often presenting ethical dilemmas and conflicts that require you to haveknowledge of principles and values to better analyze situations and exercise properorientation; the nurse must use their knowledge in ethics and bioethics to meet theneeds of patients for their welfare.The management of nursing care quality involves planning, organization, directionand control of financial, human and material resources with the intent to effectivelyimplement the quality policy of the institution, bearing in mind the ethical principlesestablished by law 266 of 1996. In conclusion, the quality is the result of the entire healthcare process; to reach it, it is necessary to implement a system of quality managementthat tends to achieve a balance between user needs, available infrastructure for care,objectives of the institution and satisfaction of customer and care providers.RESUMEN:La calidad es un principio rector del cuidado de enfermería, la ley 266 define la calidadcomo una ayuda eficiente, en términos de oportunidad y uso adecuado de los recursos.La atención de enfermería se basa en el cuidado integral del individuo teniendo comobase la dignidad, necesidades derechos y no simplemente la enfermedad. Los cambiosy tendencias del cuidado han impuesto nuevos roles en la práctica profesional de laenfermera, presentándose con frecuencia dilemas y conflictos éticos que le exigentener conocimientos de principios y valores para un mejor análisis de las situaciones yorientación adecuada del ejercicio, debiendo la enfermera hacer uso de sus conocimientosen ética y bioética para la satisfacción de las necesidades del paciente en búsqueda desu bienestar. La gestión de la calidad del cuidado de enfermería implica la planificación,organización, dirección y control de los recursos financieros, humanos y materiales conla intención de cumplir eficazmente con la política de calidad de la institución, teniendopresente los principios éticos establecidos en la ley 266 de 1996. En conclusión la calidades el resultado de todo el proceso de atención en salud, para llegar a la consecución deesta es necesario implementar un sistema de gestión de la calidad que propenda porlograr el equilibrio entre las necesidades del usuario, infraestructura disponible parala atención, objetivos de la institución, satisfacción de quien provee el cuidado y delusuario.

Cabarcas-Ortega Nirva del Socorro

2011-06-01

 
 
 
 
221

Administrative deficiency citations and quality of care in nursing homes.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this investigation, we examine deficiency citations for administration in nursing homes. Administration is defined as the top managers in each facility, consisting of the nursing home administrator and director of nursing. We examine the association between deficiency citations for administration (indicating poor administration practices) and quality of care. Regulators, as well as consumers, are interested in this association. Data used came from the 1996-2004 Online Survey, Certification And Recording (OSCAR) data, representing approximately 17,000 facilities per year. We find that 5% of facilities received a deficiency citation for administration, and lower facility quality is associated with these administration deficiency citations. PMID:16848955

Castle, Nicholas G; Longest, Beaufort B

2006-08-01

222

[Without reciprocal recognition there is not quality of care].  

Science.gov (United States)

Understanding the classic doctor-patient relationship has entered a crisis in medicine today. Communication difficulties, underestimation of empathy, or bringing economic criteria are leading to care styles that facilitate the objectification of patients, contempt for doctors, and indifference of both to collective measures of health. Basic principles of this relationship such as quality, justice, patient autonomy and beneficence may appear weak content. We intend to apply the concept of "reciprocal recognition" from philosophy to "recharge" content different aspects of the clinical relationship: a look "inside", dealing with the identity of the protagonists seek to promote it by using reciprocal recognition of both patient and the professional. In one aspect "external", focusing on the quality of care, a key objective of the clinical relationship. With reciprocal recognition, issues of justice and equity are reinforced through public health, building an identity of citizens with rights. PMID:22212833

Calvo Rigual, Fernando; Costa Alcaraz, Ana M; García-Conde Brú, Javier; Megía Sanz, María Jesús

2011-10-01

223

Mortes perinatais evitáveis em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1999 Avoidable perinatal deaths in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1999  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tendo em vista a elevada taxa de mortalidade perinatal em Belo Horizonte, foi realizado estudo dos 826 óbitos perinatais da coorte de nascimentos ocorridos no município em 1999, com análise da possibilidade de sua prevenção, utilizando-se o enfoque de evitabilidade de Wigglesworth. A taxa de mortalidade perinatal observada foi 20,2 por mil e o risco de morte perinatal foi vinte vezes maior para as crianças com baixo peso ao nascer. Cerca de um quarto das crianças tinham peso maior que 2.500g e a asfixia intraparto foi a principal causa de óbito neste grupo. A causa anteparto contribuiu com 30% dos óbitos e 25% destas crianças tinham peso maior que 2.500g. Observou-se ainda a ocorrência de óbitos perinatais fora do hospital e óbitos de crianças cujas mães chegaram à maternidade já em período expulsivo. Cerca de 40% dos óbitos perinatais e 60% dos óbitos neonatais poderiam ter sido evitados. Estas mortes precoces sugerem falhas na assistência à gestante e ao recém-nascido no município, tanto no atendimento clínico como na organização da rede assistencial, sendo necessário avançar na qualificação e responsabilização dos serviços e do sistema de saúde como um todo sobre esta população.The perinatal mortality rate is still high in Belo Horizonte. This study investigated all 826 perinatal deaths taking place in 1999, focusing on the possibility of their prevention, using the Wigglesworth classification. The perinatal mortality rate was 20.2 per one thousand births, and the risk of perinatal death was 20 times higher in children with low birthweight. Some 24.6% of the children weighed more than 2,500g, and the main cause of death in this group was asphyxia during labor. The antepartum cause of death contributed to 30% of all deaths, and 25% of these children weighed more than 2,500g. Some deaths occurred out of hospital, and in some cases the mother arrived at hospital in end-stage labor. About 40% of all perinatal deaths or 60% of all early neonatal deaths could have been prevented, suggesting flaws in prenatal, intrapartum, and neonatal care at both the clinical and health-care organizational levels. To intervene in this situation, progress is needed in improving quality of care and ensuring accountability in the specific health services and the health care system as a whole.

Sônia Lansky

2002-10-01

224

Mortes perinatais evitáveis em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1999 / Avoidable perinatal deaths in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1999  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Tendo em vista a elevada taxa de mortalidade perinatal em Belo Horizonte, foi realizado estudo dos 826 óbitos perinatais da coorte de nascimentos ocorridos no município em 1999, com análise da possibilidade de sua prevenção, utilizando-se o enfoque de evitabilidade de Wigglesworth. A taxa de mortali [...] dade perinatal observada foi 20,2 por mil e o risco de morte perinatal foi vinte vezes maior para as crianças com baixo peso ao nascer. Cerca de um quarto das crianças tinham peso maior que 2.500g e a asfixia intraparto foi a principal causa de óbito neste grupo. A causa anteparto contribuiu com 30% dos óbitos e 25% destas crianças tinham peso maior que 2.500g. Observou-se ainda a ocorrência de óbitos perinatais fora do hospital e óbitos de crianças cujas mães chegaram à maternidade já em período expulsivo. Cerca de 40% dos óbitos perinatais e 60% dos óbitos neonatais poderiam ter sido evitados. Estas mortes precoces sugerem falhas na assistência à gestante e ao recém-nascido no município, tanto no atendimento clínico como na organização da rede assistencial, sendo necessário avançar na qualificação e responsabilização dos serviços e do sistema de saúde como um todo sobre esta população. Abstract in english The perinatal mortality rate is still high in Belo Horizonte. This study investigated all 826 perinatal deaths taking place in 1999, focusing on the possibility of their prevention, using the Wigglesworth classification. The perinatal mortality rate was 20.2 per one thousand births, and the risk of [...] perinatal death was 20 times higher in children with low birthweight. Some 24.6% of the children weighed more than 2,500g, and the main cause of death in this group was asphyxia during labor. The antepartum cause of death contributed to 30% of all deaths, and 25% of these children weighed more than 2,500g. Some deaths occurred out of hospital, and in some cases the mother arrived at hospital in end-stage labor. About 40% of all perinatal deaths or 60% of all early neonatal deaths could have been prevented, suggesting flaws in prenatal, intrapartum, and neonatal care at both the clinical and health-care organizational levels. To intervene in this situation, progress is needed in improving quality of care and ensuring accountability in the specific health services and the health care system as a whole.

Sônia, Lansky; Elisabeth, França; Maria do Carmo, Leal.

225

Mortes perinatais evitáveis em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1999 / Avoidable perinatal deaths in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1999  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Tendo em vista a elevada taxa de mortalidade perinatal em Belo Horizonte, foi realizado estudo dos 826 óbitos perinatais da coorte de nascimentos ocorridos no município em 1999, com análise da possibilidade de sua prevenção, utilizando-se o enfoque de evitabilidade de Wigglesworth. A taxa de mortali [...] dade perinatal observada foi 20,2 por mil e o risco de morte perinatal foi vinte vezes maior para as crianças com baixo peso ao nascer. Cerca de um quarto das crianças tinham peso maior que 2.500g e a asfixia intraparto foi a principal causa de óbito neste grupo. A causa anteparto contribuiu com 30% dos óbitos e 25% destas crianças tinham peso maior que 2.500g. Observou-se ainda a ocorrência de óbitos perinatais fora do hospital e óbitos de crianças cujas mães chegaram à maternidade já em período expulsivo. Cerca de 40% dos óbitos perinatais e 60% dos óbitos neonatais poderiam ter sido evitados. Estas mortes precoces sugerem falhas na assistência à gestante e ao recém-nascido no município, tanto no atendimento clínico como na organização da rede assistencial, sendo necessário avançar na qualificação e responsabilização dos serviços e do sistema de saúde como um todo sobre esta população. Abstract in english The perinatal mortality rate is still high in Belo Horizonte. This study investigated all 826 perinatal deaths taking place in 1999, focusing on the possibility of their prevention, using the Wigglesworth classification. The perinatal mortality rate was 20.2 per one thousand births, and the risk of [...] perinatal death was 20 times higher in children with low birthweight. Some 24.6% of the children weighed more than 2,500g, and the main cause of death in this group was asphyxia during labor. The antepartum cause of death contributed to 30% of all deaths, and 25% of these children weighed more than 2,500g. Some deaths occurred out of hospital, and in some cases the mother arrived at hospital in end-stage labor. About 40% of all perinatal deaths or 60% of all early neonatal deaths could have been prevented, suggesting flaws in prenatal, intrapartum, and neonatal care at both the clinical and health-care organizational levels. To intervene in this situation, progress is needed in improving quality of care and ensuring accountability in the specific health services and the health care system as a whole.

Sônia, Lansky; Elisabeth, França; Maria do Carmo, Leal.

226

MORTALIDAD PERINATAL DE LA POBLACIÓN AFILIADA A UNA EPS DE PASTO. DEPARTAMENTO DE NARIÑO. 2007. MORTALIDADE PERINATAL DA POVOACÃO AFILIADA A UMA EPS DE PASTO. ESTADO DE NARINHO. 2007. PERINATAL MORTALITY OF A POPULATION OF HEALTH CARE AFFILIATES IN THE CITY OF PASTO, DEPARTMENT OF NARIÑO, 2007.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo: identificar los factores que se relacionan con mortalidad perinatal de la población afiliada a una EPS del departamento de Nariño durante 2007. Materiales y Métodos: la investigación fue de tipo cuantitativo, descriptivo, retrospectivo-evaluativo, dado que los datos corresponden a la revisión documental realizada a las historias clínicas de las gestantes con eventos de mortalidad en el año 2007. Se tomó el 100% de los casos de mortalidad perinatal, lo cual representó el total de la población. Se estudiaron las variables socio-demográficas; se realizó análisis de casos (manejo de protocolo de atención, diligenciamiento de ficha de notificación, cumplimiento de las normas técnicas y guías de atención. Se estudiaron 34 eventos, de los cuales 61,8% murieron en el ante-parto, 20,6% en el intra-parto y 17,6% en la pre-alta. Se diseñó una ficha de verificación, se aplicó a los eventos, los datos se consolidaron en el sistema estadístico de información EPIINFO versión 2000, y se realizó el cruce de variables existentes. Una vez identificados los hallazgos en cuanto a las causas de riesgo, se aplicó el chi2 y determinando el valor de P, se levantó la línea de base con el fin de priorizar planes o proyectos enfocados a la reducción del indicador de mortalidad perinatal para la EPS. Resultados: de la población total las madres con edades comprendidas entre 23 y 26 años de edad, registran el mayor número de casos, procedentes el 56% de cabecera municipal quienes tenían un grado de escolaridad de primaria completa, el 23% con cónyuge, el 26% presentaban antecedentes de multiparidad; durante el embarazo asistieron a cuatro controles realizados por médico general en el primer nivel de atención, de ellas el 67% no utilizaban método de planificación familiar. Con relación a los riesgos que tenían las madres se encontraron 3 casos con hipertensión crónica; infecciones urinarias 3 casos; tabaquismo, alcoholismo y alteraciones sicológicas, así como retardo en el crecimiento intrauterino fue reportado un caso; los cuales fueron clasificados como embarazo de alto riesgo; 6 embarazos no se clasificaron, los cuales sí tenían aspectos relevantes a tener en cuenta. El estudio demostró la omisión al momento de escribir o consignar aspectos en la historia clínica. En el proceso de parto y puerperio se identificaron las semanas de gestación entre las 28 y 40 semanas, de las cuales el 71% tuvo parto vaginal; 26,57% cesárea, de las cuales la mitad fueron atendidas por médico obstetra y el restante por médico general; el 11% no registra datos y el 5% corresponde a otros. El nivel de atención fue el nivel 1 en un 70%. Entre las causas más frecuentes de complicaciones en el momento del parto están la retención de restos placentarios, partos pretermino, sufrimiento fetal, shock hipovolémico, hemorragias de tercer trimestre. Con respecto a la notificación obligatoria de casos de mortalidad perinatal reportados al Sistema de Vigilancia Epidemiológica (Sivigila, en ninguno de los eventos se realizó investigación de campo; igualmente no hubo comités de análisis de las muertes perinatales. La ficha perinatal se lleva en un 100%, pero al hacer el análisis de la confrontación de los datos con la historia clínica no concuerdan, posiblemente debido a que lo diligencian diferentes profesionales de la salud.Objetivo: identificar os fatores que se relacionam com mortalidade perinatal de a povoação afiliada a uma EPS do Estado de Narinho durante 2007. Materiais e Métodos: A pesquisa foi de tipo quantitativo, descritivo, retrospetivo- avaliativo, os dados que correspondem à revisão documental realizada às historias clinicas das gestantes com eventos de mortalidade no ano 2007. Tomou-se o 100% dos casos de mortalidade perinatal, o qual representou o total da povoação. Estudaram se a variável sócia- demográficas; se realizou analise de casos (manejo de protocolo de atenção diligencia mento de fichas de notificação, comprimento das normas técnicas e guias de a

Adriana Isabel Delgado Bravo

2010-07-01

227

Meeting patients' needs: quality care in a changing environment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent surveys of patients in New York and Cleveland, among other cities, indicate that there is substantial room for improvement in meeting patients' needs and preferences, particularly in the areas of emotional support, coordination of care, discharge preparation, and the involvement of family and friends. Hospitals are using a variety of techniques to improve patient care and organizational efficiency in this challenging environment. One prominent approach, reengineering, offers a means by which hospitals can integrate highly specialized departmental structures and functions by focusing on interdisciplinary teamwork and organizing the delivery of care around patients. Key elements of successful hospital reengineering efforts have included: - the involvement and commitment of senior management and other key stakeholders, particularly physicians, nurses, and union representatives; - investment in staff training and retraining, and the redesign of staff evaluation and compensation systems; - timely, unit-specific measures of patient satisfaction and the clinical quality of care; - consistent and frequent internal communication between staff and leadership; and - treatment that emphasizes communication among caregivers, patients, and their family members. Several basic issues need to be addressed if hospitals are to offer technically sophisticated medical care that is also responsive to their patients' personal needs, including: - variations among patients regarding the amount of information they want and need, and the amount of involvement they want in their care; - the means by which patients will get information about their medical care, and who will provide any additional support that may be needed by non-English-speaking or socioeconomically disadvantaged patients; and - the specific changes in medical practice and hospital processes that will promote the involvement of patients in their care. PMID:10164376

Rogut, L; Hudson, A

1995-11-01

228

Quality assessment of child care services in primary health care settings of Central Karnataka (Davangere District  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Infectious disease and malnutrition are common in children. Primary health care came into being to decrease the morbidity. Quality assessment is neither clinical research nor technology assessment. It is primarily an administrative device used to monitor performance to determine whether it continues to remain within acceptable bounds. Aims and Objectives: To assess the quality of service in the delivery of child health care in a primary health care setting. To evaluate client satisfaction. To assess utilization of facilities by the community. Materials and Methods: Study Type: Cross-sectional community-based study. Quality assessment was done by taking 30-50%, of the service provider. Client satisfaction was determined with 1 Immunization and child examination-90 clients each. Utilization of services was assessed among 478 households. Statistical Analysis: Proportions, Likert?s scale to grade the services and Chi-square. Results: Immunization service: Identification of needed vaccine, preparation and care was average. Vaccination technique, documentation, EPI education, maintenance of cold chain and supplies were excellent. Client satisfaction was good. Growth monitoring: It was excellent except for mother?s education andoutreach educational session . Acute respiratory tract infection care: History, physical examination, ARI education were poor. Classification, treatment and referral were excellent. Client satisfaction was good. Diarrheal disease care: History taking was excellent. But examination, classification, treatment, ORT education were poor. Conclusion: Mothers education was not stressed by service providers. Service providers? knowledge do not go with the quality of service rendered. Physical examination of the child was not good. Except for immunization other services were average.

Rashmi

2010-01-01

229

Quality of care: how good is good enough?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Israel has made impressive progress in improving performance on key measures of the quality of health care in the community in recent years. These achievements are all the more notable given Israel's modest overall spending on health care and because they have accrued to virtually the entire population of the country. Health care systems in most developed nations around the world find themselves in a similar position today with respect to health care quality. Despite significantly increased improvement efforts over the past decade, routine safety processes, such as hand hygiene and medication administration, fail routinely at rates of 30% to 50%. People with chronic diseases experience preventable episodes of acute illness that require hospitalization due to medication mix-ups and other failures of outpatient management. Patients continue to be harmed by preventable adverse events, such as surgery on the wrong part of the body and fires in operating theaters. Health care around the world is not nearly as safe as other industries, such as commercial aviation, that have mastered highly effective ways to manage serious hazards. Health care organizations will have to undertake three interrelated changes to get substantially closer to the superlative safety records of other industries: leadership commitment to zero major quality failures, widespread implementation of highly effective process improvement methods, and the adoption of all facets of a culture of safety. Each of these changes represents a major challenge to the way today's health care organizations plan and carry out their daily work. The Israeli health system is in an enviable position to implement these changes. Universal health insurance coverage, the enrolment of the entire population in a small number of health plans, and the widespread use of electronic health records provide advantages available to few other countries. Achieving and sustaining levels of safety comparable to, say, commercial aviation will be a long journey for health care--one we should begin promptly. This is a commentary on http://www.ijhpr.org/content/1/1/3/

Chassin Mark R

2012-01-01

230

Quality of care: how good is good enough?  

Science.gov (United States)

Israel has made impressive progress in improving performance on key measures of the quality of health care in the community in recent years. These achievements are all the more notable given Israel's modest overall spending on health care and because they have accrued to virtually the entire population of the country.Health care systems in most developed nations around the world find themselves in a similar position today with respect to health care quality. Despite significantly increased improvement efforts over the past decade, routine safety processes, such as hand hygiene and medication administration, fail routinely at rates of 30% to 50%. People with chronic diseases experience preventable episodes of acute illness that require hospitalization due to medication mix-ups and other failures of outpatient management. Patients continue to be harmed by preventable adverse events, such as surgery on the wrong part of the body and fires in operating theaters. Health care around the world is not nearly as safe as other industries, such as commercial aviation, that have mastered highly effective ways to manage serious hazards.Health care organizations will have to undertake three interrelated changes to get substantially closer to the superlative safety records of other industries: leadership commitment to zero major quality failures, widespread implementation of highly effective process improvement methods, and the adoption of all facets of a culture of safety. Each of these changes represents a major challenge to the way today's health care organizations plan and carry out their daily work. The Israeli health system is in an enviable position to implement these changes. Universal health insurance coverage, the enrolment of the entire population in a small number of health plans, and the widespread use of electronic health records provide advantages available to few other countries.Achieving and sustaining levels of safety comparable to, say, commercial aviation will be a long journey for health care--one we should begin promptly.This is a commentary on http://www.ijhpr.org/content/1/1/3/ PMID:22913581

Chassin, Mark R

2012-01-01

231

Implementing community-based perinatal care: results from a pilot study in rural Pakistan / Mise en œuvre des soins périnatals en communauté: résultats d'une étude pilote dans le Pakistan rural / Implantación de la atención perinatal comunitaria: resultados de un estudio piloto realizado en el Pakistán rural  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Se decidió investigar mediante un estudio piloto la viabilidad de la implantación efectiva de un paquete de intervenciones comunitarias de mejora de la atención perinatal basadas en el uso de trabajadoras sanitarias (lady health workers, LHW) y parteras tradicionales (Dais) en el Pakistán [...] rural. MÉTODOS: La intervención se llevó a cabo en cuatro de ocho grupos de aldeas (en total: 315 aldeas y 138 600 habitantes), utilizando los otros cuatro para comparar los resultados. Las trabajadoras sanitarias de los grupos de intervención recibieron capacitación adicional centrada en servicios esenciales de atención de la madre y el recién nacido, dirigieron sesiones de grupo de educación comunitaria, y fueron alentadas a estar en contacto con las Dais locales. La intervención se llevó a cabo en el marco del programa habitual de LHW del gobierno, y para apoyarla se crearon comités voluntarios de salud comunitaria. RESULTADOS: En las aldeas de intervención se registraron reducciones considerables de las tasas de mortinatalidad (de 65,9 a 43,1 por 1000 nacimientos, P Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This pilot study investigated the feasibility of delivering a package of community-based interventions for improving perinatal care using lady health workers (LHWs) and traditional birth attendants (Dais) in rural Pakistan. METHODS: The intervention was implemented in four of eight villag [...] e clusters (315 villages, total population 138 600), while four served as a comparison group. The LHWs in intervention clusters received additional training focused on essential maternal and newborn care, conducted community education group sessions, and were encouraged to link up with local Dais. The intervention was delivered within the regular government LHW programme and was supported by the creation of voluntary community health committees. FINDINGS: In intervention villages, there were significant reductions from baseline in stillbirth (from 65.9 to 43.1 per 1000 births, P

Zulfiqar A, Bhutta; Zahid A, Memon; Sajid, Soofi; Muhammad Suhail, Salat; Simon, Cousens; Jose, Martines.

2008-06-01

232

How Health Care Organizations Are Using Data on Patients' Race and Ethnicity to Improve Quality of Care  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Context: Racial and ethnic disparities in the quality of health care are well documented in the U.S. health care system. Reducing these disparities requires action by health care organizations. Collecting accurate data from patients about their race and ethnicity is an essential first step for health care organizations to take such action, but these data are not systematically collected and used for quality improvement purposes in the United States. This study explores the challenges encounte...

Thorlby, Ruth; Jorgensen, Selena; Siegel, Bruce; Ayanian, John Z.

2011-01-01

233

Barriers to quality patient care in rural district hospitals  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Currently barriers exist in delivering quality health care. This study aimed to investigate such barriers in the eight rural district hospitals of the West Coast Winelands Region, three type A and five type B hospitals. A quantitative descriptive design was applied which included the total population of nursing staff (n = 340 working at the time of data collection. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed with a response rate of 82%.Reliability of the instrument was verified using the Cronbach alpha coefficient and a pilot study. The validity, specifically construct and content validity, were assured by means of an extensive literature review, pilot study and use of experts. Ethics approval was obtained from the relevant stakeholders.Results showed that 272 participants (97% disagreed that provision of staff was adequate, with staff above 40 years of age more likely to disagree (p = p = n =212; 76% indicated that they were not receiving continuing education, with the registered nurses more likely to disagree (?² test, p = 0.02. Participants in both hospital types A (n = 131; 82% and B (n = 108; 91% also disagreed that provision of equipment and consumables was adequate.The research showed that inadequacies relating to human resources, professional development, consumables and equipment influenced the quality of patient care. Urgent attention should be given to the problems identified to ensure quality of patient care in rural hospitals.

Ethelwynn L. Stellenberg

2012-05-01

234

PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS CONSUMER PERCEPTION OF QUALITY DENTAL CARE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose to examine the motivational space, values ??and health-social and psychological portrait of patients who rated the quality of dental care. Methodology historical, sociological, statistical. Results: In a market economy, patients’ satisfaction is of one of the most important regulators of demand. Estimate of the quality of dental services (QDS depends on the patients having stable socio-psychological status being in a certain system of values, in space of some motives and needs. Got data have revealed that nearly 17.5% of patients dissatisfied with the quality of dental care, but the size of the motivational area of this group by nearly 20% higher than that of their opponents. With the structure of the motives are no such positions as "visiting the dentist enters my behavior stereotype", "I want to know the details of my dental health" and "The process of dental treatment gives me pleasure" In the group of patients who are satisfied QDS, relevance value orientation "good health" is 1.5 times the value of "education" in 2.5 times, and the value of "high social security" is 4.5 times higher than among the dissatisfied patients. Practical implications public health and health care.

Kudinova Nadezhda Alekseevna

2013-02-01

235

Maternal and perinatal guideline development in hospitals in South East Asia: the experience of the SEA-ORCHID project  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are commonly used to support practitioners to improve practice. However many studies have raised concerns about guideline quality. The reasons why guidelines are not developed following the established development methods are not clear. The SEA-ORCHID project aims to increase the generation and use of locally relevant research and improve clinical practice in maternal and perinatal care in four countries in South ...

Short Jacki; Turner Tari J

2009-01-01

236

Situação de saúde materna e perinatal no Estado de São Paulo, Brasil Maternal and perinatal health position in the State of S. Paulo, Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pelos dados oficiais disponíveis, para o Estado de São Paulo (Brasil analisou-se a assistência oferecida na gestação, no parto e ao recém-nascido e suas relações com a mortalidade materna e perinatal. Com referência ao pré-natal, houve indícios de quantidade de consultas por gestação, numericamente suficiente, porém de qualidade discutível. Quanto ao parto observou-se uma alta percentagem de cesarianas (46,2%. A mortalidade materna foi de 4,86 por dez mil n.v., valor este subestimado. A primeira causa de óbitos maternos foram as toxemias, seguidas das hemorragias e do aborto, causas estas evitáveis em sua maioria, com uma boa qualidade de assistência pré-natal e ao parto. Quanto aos óbitos do período perinatal, o coeficiente foi de 29,2 por mil nascimentos em 1984, valor este também elevado. A análise das causas de óbitos mostrou que as afecções de origem perinatal ocorreram em cerca de 90% dos óbitos, tendo como principais causas as hipóxias intra-uterinas, asfixias, síndromes de angústia respiratória e aspiração maciça. Esses dados revelam a má qualidade de assistência recebida por este grupo. Sugere-se que a nova política de Sistema Unificado e Descentralizado de Saúde deveria levar em conta tanto a qualidade de assistência como a integração dos serviços para poder-se fazer frente à situação precária de saúde materna e perinatal do Estado.The assistance offered during pregnancy and labour as also to the newborn child, and its relationship to maternal and perinatal mortality in the State of S. Paulo in 1984, is analysed on the basis of official available data. With respect to prenatal care the number of visits per woman was considered to be "sufficient" though of doubtful quality. The proportion of cesarean sections was very high (46.2%. Maternal mortality was found to be 4.86 deaths per 10,000 live births, but despite its being high, this figure is certainly too low and the correct figure is probably twice as high. The principal cause of maternal deaths is toxemia in pregnancy, followed by hemorrhage and abortion. Most of these deaths could have been avoided with care during pregnancy and labour. The rate of perinatal mortality was found to be 29.2 deaths per thousand births in 1984. This figure is also very high. The analysis of the causes of death for this period showed that the disorders which arose during the perinatal period were responsible for 90 per cent of the total number of deaths. The main causes of death in this group were the intra-uterine hypoxias and anoxias, asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome and massive aspiration syndrome. These data bring to light the poor quality of the care offered to this group. The authors trust that the new policy of the Decentralized and Unified System of Health will take the quality of care as much as the integration of services into consideration with a view to overcoming the precarious maternal and perinatal health situation in S. Paulo.

Ana Cristina d'Andretta Tanaka

1989-02-01

237

Situação de saúde materna e perinatal no Estado de São Paulo, Brasil / Maternal and perinatal health position in the State of S. Paulo, Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Pelos dados oficiais disponíveis, para o Estado de São Paulo (Brasil) analisou-se a assistência oferecida na gestação, no parto e ao recém-nascido e suas relações com a mortalidade materna e perinatal. Com referência ao pré-natal, houve indícios de quantidade de consultas por gestação, numericamente [...] suficiente, porém de qualidade discutível. Quanto ao parto observou-se uma alta percentagem de cesarianas (46,2%). A mortalidade materna foi de 4,86 por dez mil n.v., valor este subestimado. A primeira causa de óbitos maternos foram as toxemias, seguidas das hemorragias e do aborto, causas estas evitáveis em sua maioria, com uma boa qualidade de assistência pré-natal e ao parto. Quanto aos óbitos do período perinatal, o coeficiente foi de 29,2 por mil nascimentos em 1984, valor este também elevado. A análise das causas de óbitos mostrou que as afecções de origem perinatal ocorreram em cerca de 90% dos óbitos, tendo como principais causas as hipóxias intra-uterinas, asfixias, síndromes de angústia respiratória e aspiração maciça. Esses dados revelam a má qualidade de assistência recebida por este grupo. Sugere-se que a nova política de Sistema Unificado e Descentralizado de Saúde deveria levar em conta tanto a qualidade de assistência como a integração dos serviços para poder-se fazer frente à situação precária de saúde materna e perinatal do Estado. Abstract in english The assistance offered during pregnancy and labour as also to the newborn child, and its relationship to maternal and perinatal mortality in the State of S. Paulo in 1984, is analysed on the basis of official available data. With respect to prenatal care the number of visits per woman was considered [...] to be "sufficient" though of doubtful quality. The proportion of cesarean sections was very high (46.2%). Maternal mortality was found to be 4.86 deaths per 10,000 live births, but despite its being high, this figure is certainly too low and the correct figure is probably twice as high. The principal cause of maternal deaths is toxemia in pregnancy, followed by hemorrhage and abortion. Most of these deaths could have been avoided with care during pregnancy and labour. The rate of perinatal mortality was found to be 29.2 deaths per thousand births in 1984. This figure is also very high. The analysis of the causes of death for this period showed that the disorders which arose during the perinatal period were responsible for 90 per cent of the total number of deaths. The main causes of death in this group were the intra-uterine hypoxias and anoxias, asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome and massive aspiration syndrome. These data bring to light the poor quality of the care offered to this group. The authors trust that the new policy of the Decentralized and Unified System of Health will take the quality of care as much as the integration of services into consideration with a view to overcoming the precarious maternal and perinatal health situation in S. Paulo.

Ana Cristina d' Andretta, Tanaka; Arnaldo Augusto Franco de, Siqueira; Paulo Nogueira, Bafile.

238

Situação de saúde materna e perinatal no Estado de São Paulo, Brasil / Maternal and perinatal health position in the State of S. Paulo, Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Pelos dados oficiais disponíveis, para o Estado de São Paulo (Brasil) analisou-se a assistência oferecida na gestação, no parto e ao recém-nascido e suas relações com a mortalidade materna e perinatal. Com referência ao pré-natal, houve indícios de quantidade de consultas por gestação, numericamente [...] suficiente, porém de qualidade discutível. Quanto ao parto observou-se uma alta percentagem de cesarianas (46,2%). A mortalidade materna foi de 4,86 por dez mil n.v., valor este subestimado. A primeira causa de óbitos maternos foram as toxemias, seguidas das hemorragias e do aborto, causas estas evitáveis em sua maioria, com uma boa qualidade de assistência pré-natal e ao parto. Quanto aos óbitos do período perinatal, o coeficiente foi de 29,2 por mil nascimentos em 1984, valor este também elevado. A análise das causas de óbitos mostrou que as afecções de origem perinatal ocorreram em cerca de 90% dos óbitos, tendo como principais causas as hipóxias intra-uterinas, asfixias, síndromes de angústia respiratória e aspiração maciça. Esses dados revelam a má qualidade de assistência recebida por este grupo. Sugere-se que a nova política de Sistema Unificado e Descentralizado de Saúde deveria levar em conta tanto a qualidade de assistência como a integração dos serviços para poder-se fazer frente à situação precária de saúde materna e perinatal do Estado. Abstract in english The assistance offered during pregnancy and labour as also to the newborn child, and its relationship to maternal and perinatal mortality in the State of S. Paulo in 1984, is analysed on the basis of official available data. With respect to prenatal care the number of visits per woman was considered [...] to be "sufficient" though of doubtful quality. The proportion of cesarean sections was very high (46.2%). Maternal mortality was found to be 4.86 deaths per 10,000 live births, but despite its being high, this figure is certainly too low and the correct figure is probably twice as high. The principal cause of maternal deaths is toxemia in pregnancy, followed by hemorrhage and abortion. Most of these deaths could have been avoided with care during pregnancy and labour. The rate of perinatal mortality was found to be 29.2 deaths per thousand births in 1984. This figure is also very high. The analysis of the causes of death for this period showed that the disorders which arose during the perinatal period were responsible for 90 per cent of the total number of deaths. The main causes of death in this group were the intra-uterine hypoxias and anoxias, asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome and massive aspiration syndrome. These data bring to light the poor quality of the care offered to this group. The authors trust that the new policy of the Decentralized and Unified System of Health will take the quality of care as much as the integration of services into consideration with a view to overcoming the precarious maternal and perinatal health situation in S. Paulo.

Ana Cristina d' Andretta, Tanaka; Arnaldo Augusto Franco de, Siqueira; Paulo Nogueira, Bafile.

239

Quality of maternal care: A comparison of preterm infants in Kangaroo mother care and full- term infants in regular care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the potential impact of an intervention program (Kangaroo Mother Care, KMC on maternal sensitivity in a sample of high-risk adolescent mothers. Two mother-infant groups were compared: adolescent mothers with their preterm baby in kangaroo care and adolescent mothers with their full-term baby in regular care. Naturalistic observations at the home environment were conducted to assess maternal quality of care. No significant differences were found between both groups of dyads. Results are in line with the notion that KMC seems to play a protective role for adolescent mothers and their premature babies, given the additional risk factor of prematurity when compared to the full term group. These preliminary findings are stimulating and support further inquiry into the effects of KMC on maternal sensitivity particularly in high-risk populations.

Olga Alicia Carbonell

2010-02-01

240

Best practices in implementing and sustaining quality of care. A review of the quality improvement literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

A literature review was undertaken to explore both published and unpublished quality improvement studies, projects, and initiatives that strove to develop more efficient systems to support an infrastructure for nursing home quality of care. The review included a search of all available, full-text published literature from 1997 to 2007 available from PubMed, CINAHL, and MEDLINE. The methods used by the researchers were varied, and this article identified several primary findings: the use of a specific, measurable mission or goal statement; the use of multidepartmental and multidisciplinary involvement; the need for further education and resource materials; the use of a reward/incentive program; the need for internal and external stakeholders to be identified along with a project champion; and the process of feedback and outcome measurement. This article summarizes the findings from the review and offers key recommendations that are supported for improving quality of care and sustaining quality gains. PMID:20077965

Compas, Carol; Hopkins, Kimberly A; Townsley, Elaine

2008-07-01

 
 
 
 
241

Effects of hospital delivery during off-hours on perinatal outcome in several subgroups: a retrospective cohort study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Studies have demonstrated a higher risk of adverse outcomes among infants born or admitted during off-hours, as compared to office hours, leading to questions about quality of care provide during off-hours (weekend, evening or night. We aim to determine the relationship between off-hours delivery and adverse perinatal outcomes for subgroups of hospital births. Methods This retrospective cohort study was based on data from the Netherlands Perinatal Registry, a countrywide registry that covers 99% of all hospital births in the Netherlands. Data of 449,714 infants, born at 28 completed weeks or later, in the period 2003 through 2007 were used. Infants with a high a priori risk of morbidity or mortality were excluded. Outcome measures were intrapartum and early neonatal mortality, a low Apgar score (5?minute score of 0–6, and a composite adverse perinatal outcome measure (mortality, low Apgar score, severe birth trauma, admission to a neonatal intensive care unit. Results Evening and night-time deliveries that involved induction or augmentation of labour, or an emergency caesarean section, were associated with an increased risk of an adverse perinatal outcome when compared to similar daytime deliveries. Weekend deliveries were not associated with an increased risk when compared to weekday deliveries. It was estimated that each year, between 126 and 141 cases with an adverse perinatal outcomes could be attributed to this evening and night effect. Of these, 21 (15-16% are intrapartum or early neonatal death. Among the 3100 infants in the study population who experience an adverse outcome each year, death accounted for only 5% (165 of these outcomes. Conclusion This study shows that for infants whose mothers require obstetric interventions during labour and delivery, birth in the evening or at night, are at an increased risk of an adverse perinatal outcomes.

Gijsen Ronald

2012-09-01

242

Client satisfaction and quality of health care in rural Bangladesh  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess user expectations and degree of client satisfaction and quality of health care provided in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: A total of 1913 persons chosen by systematic random sampling were successfully interviewed immediately after having received care in government health facilities. FINDINGS: The most powerful predictor for client satisfaction with the government services was provider behaviour, especially respect and politeness. For patients this aspect was much more important than the technical competence of the provider. Furthermore, a reduction in waiting time (on average to 30 min was more important to clients than a prolongation of the quite short (from a medical standpoint consultation time (on average 2 min, 22 sec, with 75% of clients being satisfied. Waiting time, which was about double at outreach services than that at fixed services, was the only element with which users of outreach services were dissatisfied. CONCLUSIONS: This study underscores that client satisfaction is determined by the cultural background of the people. It shows the dilemma that, though optimally care should be capable of meeting both medical and psychosocial needs, in reality care that meets all medical needs may fail to meet the client?s emotional or social needs. Conversely, care that meets psychosocial needs may leave the clients medically at risk. It seems important that developing countries promoting client-oriented health services should carry out more in-depth research on the determinants of client satisfaction in the respective culture.

Aldana Jorge Mendoza

2001-01-01

243

Improving quality of care through improved audit and feedback  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA has led the industry in measuring facility performance as a critical element in improving quality of care, investing substantial resources to develop and maintain valid and cost-effective measures. The External Peer Review Program (EPRP of the VA is the official data source for monitoring facility performance, used to prioritize the quality areas needing most attention. Facility performance measurement has significantly improved preventive and chronic care, as well as overall quality; however, much variability still exists in levels of performance across measures and facilities. Audit and feedback (A&F, an important component of effective performance measurement, can help reduce this variability and improve overall performance. Previous research suggests that VA Medical Centers (VAMCs with high EPRP performance scores tend to use EPRP data as a feedback source. However, the manner in which EPRP data are used as a feedback source by individual providers as well as service line, facility, and network leadership is not well understood. An in-depth understanding of mental models, strategies, and specific feedback process characteristics adopted by high-performing facilities is thus urgently needed. This research compares how leaders of high, low, and moderately performing VAMCs use clinical performance data from the EPRP as a feedback tool to maintain and improve quality of care. Methods We will conduct a qualitative, grounded theory analysis of up to 64 interviews using a novel method of sampling primary care, facility, and Veterans Integrated Service Network (VISN leadership at high-, moderate-, and low-performing facilities. We will analyze interviews for evidence of cross-facility differences in perceptions of performance data usefulness and strategies for disseminating performance data evaluating performance, with particular attention to timeliness, individualization, and punitiveness of feedback delivery. Discussion Most research examining feedback to improve provider and facility performance lacks a detailed understanding of the elements of effective feedback. This research will highlight the elements most commonly used at high-performing facilities and identify additional features of their successful feedback strategies not previously identified. Armed with this information, practices can implement more effective A&F interventions to improve quality of care.

Hysong Sylvia J

2012-05-01

244

MORTALIDAD PERINATAL DE LA POBLACIÓN AFILIADA A UNA EPS DE PASTO. DEPARTAMENTO DE NARIÑO. 2007. / PERINATAL MORTALITY OF A POPULATION OF HEALTH CARE AFFILIATES IN THE CITY OF PASTO, DEPARTMENT OF NARIÑO, 2007. / MORTALIDADE PERINATAL DA POVOACÃO AFILIADA A UMA EPS DE PASTO. ESTADO DE NARINHO. 2007.  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Objetivo: identificar os fatores que se relacionam com mortalidade perinatal de a povoação afiliada a uma EPS do Estado de Narinho durante 2007. Materiais e Métodos: A pesquisa foi de tipo quantitativo, descritivo, retrospetivo- avaliativo, os dados que correspondem à revisão documental realizada às [...] historias clinicas das gestantes com eventos de mortalidade no ano 2007. Tomou-se o 100% dos casos de mortalidade perinatal, o qual representou o total da povoação. Estudaram se a variável sócia- demográficas; se realizou analise de casos (manejo de protocolo de atenção diligencia mento de fichas de notificação, comprimento das normas técnicas e guias de atenção). Estudaram se 34 eventos, dos quais 61,8% morreram no ante- parto, 20,6% no intra-parto e 17,6% na pré- alta. Desenhou-se uma ficha de verificação, se aplicaram aos eventos, os dados se consolidaram no sistema estadístico de informação EPIINFO versão 2000, e realizou se o Cruzamento de variáveis existentes. Uma vez identificados os descobrimentos em quanto ás causas de risco, aplicou se o chi2 e determinando o valor de P, se levantou a línea de base com o fim de priorizar planos ou projetos enfocados à redução do indicador de mortalidade perinatal para a EPS. Resultados: da povoação total as mães com idades compreendidas entre 23 e 26 anos de idade, registram o maior números de casos, procedentes o 56% de cabeceira municipal quens tinham um grau de escolaridade de primaria completa, o 23% com conjugue, o 26% apresentavam antecedentes de multi- paridade; durante o embaraço assistiram a quatro controles realizados por médico general no primeiro nível de atenção, delas o 67% não utilizavam método de planificação familiar. Com relação aos riscos que tinham as mães encontraram se 3 casos com hipertensão crônica; infecções urinarias 3 casos; tabaquismo, alcoolismo e alterações psicológicas, assim como retardo no crescimento intra-uterino foi reportado um caso; os quais foram classificados como embaraço de alto risco; 6 embaraços não se classificaram, os quais se tinham aspectos relevantes a ter em conta. A pesquisa demonstrou a omissão ao momento de escrever ou consignar aspectos na historia clinica. Em o proceso de parto e puerpério se identificaram as semanas de gestação entre as 28 e 40 semanas, das quais o 71% teve parto vaginal; 26,57% cesárea, das quais a metade foi atendida por medico obstetra e o restante por medico general; o 11% não registra dados e o 5% corresponde a outros. O nível de atenção foi o nível 1 num 70%. Entre as causas mais freqüentes de complicações no momento do parto estão a retenção de restos placentários, partos predetermino, sofrimento fetal, shock hipovolêmico, hemorragias de terceiro trimestre. Com respeito à notificação obrigatória de casos de mortalidade perinatal, foram reportados ao Sistema de Vigilância Epidemiologia (Sivigila), em nenhum dos eventos se realizou pesquisa de campo; igualmente não teve comitês de analise das mortes perinatales. A ficha se leva em um 100%, mas ao fazer o analise de a confrontação dos dados com historia clinica não concordam possivelmente devido a que o diligenciam diferentes profissionais da saúde. Abstract in spanish Objetivo: identificar los factores que se relacionan con mortalidad perinatal de la población afiliada a una EPS del departamento de Nariño durante 2007. Materiales y Métodos: la investigación fue de tipo cuantitativo, descriptivo, retrospectivo-evaluativo, dado que los datos corresponden a la revis [...] ión documental realizada a las historias clínicas de las gestantes con eventos de mortalidad en el año 2007. Se tomó el 100% de los casos de mortalidad perinatal, lo cual representó el total de la población. Se estudiaron las variables socio-demográficas; se realizó análisis de casos (manejo de protocolo de atención, diligenciamiento de ficha de notificación, cumplimiento de las normas técnicas y guías de a

Adriana Isabel, Delgado Bravo; Janeth Verónica, López Maya; Fanny Carmenza, Meneses Paredes.

245

MORTALIDAD PERINATAL DE LA POBLACIÓN AFILIADA A UNA EPS DE PASTO. DEPARTAMENTO DE NARIÑO. 2007. / PERINATAL MORTALITY OF A POPULATION OF HEALTH CARE AFFILIATES IN THE CITY OF PASTO, DEPARTMENT OF NARIÑO, 2007. / MORTALIDADE PERINATAL DA POVOACÃO AFILIADA A UMA EPS DE PASTO. ESTADO DE NARINHO. 2007.  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Objetivo: identificar os fatores que se relacionam com mortalidade perinatal de a povoação afiliada a uma EPS do Estado de Narinho durante 2007. Materiais e Métodos: A pesquisa foi de tipo quantitativo, descritivo, retrospetivo- avaliativo, os dados que correspondem à revisão documental realizada às [...] historias clinicas das gestantes com eventos de mortalidade no ano 2007. Tomou-se o 100% dos casos de mortalidade perinatal, o qual representou o total da povoação. Estudaram se a variável sócia- demográficas; se realizou analise de casos (manejo de protocolo de atenção diligencia mento de fichas de notificação, comprimento das normas técnicas e guias de atenção). Estudaram se 34 eventos, dos quais 61,8% morreram no ante- parto, 20,6% no intra-parto e 17,6% na pré- alta. Desenhou-se uma ficha de verificação, se aplicaram aos eventos, os dados se consolidaram no sistema estadístico de informação EPIINFO versão 2000, e realizou se o Cruzamento de variáveis existentes. Uma vez identificados os descobrimentos em quanto ás causas de risco, aplicou se o chi2 e determinando o valor de P, se levantou a línea de base com o fim de priorizar planos ou projetos enfocados à redução do indicador de mortalidade perinatal para a EPS. Resultados: da povoação total as mães com idades compreendidas entre 23 e 26 anos de idade, registram o maior números de casos, procedentes o 56% de cabeceira municipal quens tinham um grau de escolaridade de primaria completa, o 23% com conjugue, o 26% apresentavam antecedentes de multi- paridade; durante o embaraço assistiram a quatro controles realizados por médico general no primeiro nível de atenção, delas o 67% não utilizavam método de planificação familiar. Com relação aos riscos que tinham as mães encontraram se 3 casos com hipertensão crônica; infecções urinarias 3 casos; tabaquismo, alcoolismo e alterações psicológicas, assim como retardo no crescimento intra-uterino foi reportado um caso; os quais foram classificados como embaraço de alto risco; 6 embaraços não se classificaram, os quais se tinham aspectos relevantes a ter em conta. A pesquisa demonstrou a omissão ao momento de escrever ou consignar aspectos na historia clinica. Em o proceso de parto e puerpério se identificaram as semanas de gestação entre as 28 e 40 semanas, das quais o 71% teve parto vaginal; 26,57% cesárea, das quais a metade foi atendida por medico obstetra e o restante por medico general; o 11% não registra dados e o 5% corresponde a outros. O nível de atenção foi o nível 1 num 70%. Entre as causas mais freqüentes de complicações no momento do parto estão a retenção de restos placentários, partos predetermino, sofrimento fetal, shock hipovolêmico, hemorragias de terceiro trimestre. Com respeito à notificação obrigatória de casos de mortalidade perinatal, foram reportados ao Sistema de Vigilância Epidemiologia (Sivigila), em nenhum dos eventos se realizou pesquisa de campo; igualmente não teve comitês de analise das mortes perinatales. A ficha se leva em um 100%, mas ao fazer o analise de a confrontação dos dados com historia clinica não concordam possivelmente devido a que o diligenciam diferentes profissionais da saúde. Abstract in spanish Objetivo: identificar los factores que se relacionan con mortalidad perinatal de la población afiliada a una EPS del departamento de Nariño durante 2007. Materiales y Métodos: la investigación fue de tipo cuantitativo, descriptivo, retrospectivo-evaluativo, dado que los datos corresponden a la revis [...] ión documental realizada a las historias clínicas de las gestantes con eventos de mortalidad en el año 2007. Se tomó el 100% de los casos de mortalidad perinatal, lo cual representó el total de la población. Se estudiaron las variables socio-demográficas; se realizó análisis de casos (manejo de protocolo de atención, diligenciamiento de ficha de notificación, cumplimiento de las normas técnicas y guías de a

Adriana Isabel, Delgado Bravo; Janeth Verónica, López Maya; Fanny Carmenza, Meneses Paredes.

2010-07-01

246

Child Health USA 2013: Prenatal Care Utilization  

Science.gov (United States)

... and Reader's Guide Introduction Perinatal Health Status Indicators Perinatal Risk Factors and Behaviors Health Services Utilization Programs and Policies Health Services Utilization > Prenatal Care Utilization Prenatal Care Utilization Narrative Early and adequate ...

247

Quality of management in the health care system.  

Science.gov (United States)

Quality of management is a necessary, yet not sufficient, prerequisite in quality of care. There are two main approaches to improved quality. One is the individualist approach, where the role of the manager is emphasized. The other is the contextual approach. Focus is on managerial prerequisites such as organizational structure, culture, participation in decision making, and use of management time. Individualist as well as contextualist approaches are presented. Each decade during the 20th century has had its own "pet theory" regarding what problems the manager should allocate time on. A study of 41 Nordic public health researchers illustrates that cost-benefit analysis is the best known of ten theories. Management ethics, with the manager as ideologist, is seen as particularly demanding on managerial creativity. PMID:1983249

Borgenhammar, E

1990-01-01

248

Quality measures for the care of patients with lateral epicondylalgia  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Lateral epicondylalgia (LE) defines a condition of varying degrees of pain near the lateral epicondyle. Studies on the management of LE indicated unexplained variations in the use of pharmacologic, non-pharmacological and surgical treatments. The main aim of this paper was to develop and evaluate clinical quality measures (QMs) or quality indicators, which may be used to assess the quality of the processes of examination, education and treatment of patients with LE. Methods Different QMs were developed by a multidisciplinary group of experts in Quality Management of Health Services during a period of one year. The process was based following a 3-step model: i) review and proportion of existing evidence-based recommendations; ii) review and development of quality measures; iii) pilot testing of feasibility and reliability of the indicators leading to a final consensus by the whole panel. Results Overall, a set of 12 potential indicators related to medical and physical therapy assessment and treatment were developed to measure the performance of LE care. Different systematic reviews and randomized control trials supported each of the indicators judged to be valid during the expert panel process. Application of the new indicator set was found to be feasible; only the measurement of two quality measures had light barriers. Reliability was mostly excellent (Kappa?>?0.8). Conclusions A set of good practice indicators has been built and pilot tested as feasible and reliable. The chosen 3-step standardized evidence-based process ensures maximum clarity, acceptance and sustainability of the developed indicators. PMID:24172311

2013-01-01

249

Quality of asthma care: Western Cape Province, South Africa  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Asthma is the eighth leading contributor to the burden of disease in South Africa, but has received less attention than other chronic diseases. The Asthma Guidelines Implementation Project (AGIP) was established to improve the impact of the South African guidelines for chronic asthma in [...] adults and adolescents in the Western Cape. One strategy was an audit tool to assist with assessing and improving the quality of care. METHODS: The audit of asthma care targeted all primary care facilities that managed adult patients with chronic asthma within all six districts of the Western Cape province. The usual steps in the quality improvement cycle were followed. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 957 patients from 46 primary care facilities. Only 80% of patients had a consistent diagnosis of asthma, 11.5% of visits assessed control and 23.2% recorded a peak expiratory flow (PEF), 14% of patients had their inhaler technique assessed and 11.2% were given a self-management plan; 81% of medication was in stock, and the controller/reliever dispensing ratio was 0.6. Only 31.5% of patients were well controlled, 16.3% of all visits were for exacerbations, and 17.6% of all patients had been hospitalised in the previous year. CONCLUSION: The availability of medication and prescription of inhaled steroids is reasonable, yet control is poor. Health workers do not adequately distinguish asthma from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, do not assess control by questions or PEF, do not adequately demonstrate or assess the inhaler technique, and have no systematic approach to or resources for patient education. Ten recommendations are made to improve asthma care.

Bob, Mash; Hilary, Rhode; Michael, Pather; Gillian, Ainslie; Elvis, Irusen; Angeni, Bheekie; Pat, Mayers.

250

Quality of asthma care: Western Cape Province, South Africa  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Asthma is the eighth leading contributor to the burden of disease in South Africa, but has received less attention than other chronic diseases. The Asthma Guidelines Implementation Project (AGIP) was established to improve the impact of the South African guidelines for chronic asthma in [...] adults and adolescents in the Western Cape. One strategy was an audit tool to assist with assessing and improving the quality of care. METHODS: The audit of asthma care targeted all primary care facilities that managed adult patients with chronic asthma within all six districts of the Western Cape province. The usual steps in the quality improvement cycle were followed. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 957 patients from 46 primary care facilities. Only 80% of patients had a consistent diagnosis of asthma, 11.5% of visits assessed control and 23.2% recorded a peak expiratory flow (PEF), 14% of patients had their inhaler technique assessed and 11.2% were given a self-management plan; 81% of medication was in stock, and the controller/reliever dispensing ratio was 0.6. Only 31.5% of patients were well controlled, 16.3% of all visits were for exacerbations, and 17.6% of all patients had been hospitalised in the previous year. CONCLUSION: The availability of medication and prescription of inhaled steroids is reasonable, yet control is poor. Health workers do not adequately distinguish asthma from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, do not assess control by questions or PEF, do not adequately demonstrate or assess the inhaler technique, and have no systematic approach to or resources for patient education. Ten recommendations are made to improve asthma care.

Bob, Mash; Hilary, Rhode; Michael, Pather; Gillian, Ainslie; Elvis, Irusen; Angeni, Bheekie; Pat, Mayers.

2009-12-01

251

[Evaluation of care quality in the ICU through a computerized nursing care plan].  

Science.gov (United States)

The computerized systems that are being implemented for the recording of the Nursing Care Plan may facilitate the performance of continuing follow-up of the care quality. This retrospective descriptive study has been performed in a polyvalent Intensive Care Unit with the following objectives: a) describe the evaluation of the care quality, performed through the computerized record of the Nursing Care Plan; and 2) compare this evaluation with that performed in 1998, when the Nursing Care Plan had not yet been computerized. In the 98 revised computerized Nursing Care Plans, corresponding to the same number of patients with a mean stay of 13.8 days, the following results were obtained. Artificial airway. 74 patients had an endotracheal tube with a mean stay of 5.4 days, 11 patients had a cannula tracheotomy (time period of 45.7 days); no events occurred. Central venous lines: 91 patients were carriers of 163 catheters, the mean presence time was 9.9 days; three with withdrawn due to obstruction, there was one accident withdrawal and two were self-removed. Arterial catheter: the total number of arterial lines, corresponding to 87 patients, was 101 with a mean presence of 6.7 days; 15 obstructions, six accidental withdrawals and four self-removals were recorded. Bladder catheter: 91 patients had a bladder catheter (mean presence 12.9 days); no event occurred. Nasogastric tube: 83 patients were carriers of 98 tubes (63 Salem type and 35 for nutrition), with a mean presence of 10.1 days; five were withdrawn due to obstruction, three accidental withdrawals and 40 self-removed (23 in one patient). Skin integrity: nine patients developed bedsores, eight grade II and two grade III, the mean stay was 26.6 days. No patients had an accidental fall. As study conclusions, it stands out that the preestablished standards for the evaluation of the care were achieved in most and the care quality is maintained in relationship with our 1998 study, remaining within a level considered as good. PMID:15207188

Goñi Viguria, R; García Santolaya, M P; Vázquez Calatayud, M; Margall Coscojuela, M A; Asiaín Erro, M C

2004-01-01

252

Óbitos perinatais evitáveis e ambiente externo ao sistema de assistência: estudo de caso em município da Região Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro Avoidable perinatal deaths and the environment outside the health care system: a case study in a city in Greater Metropolitan Rio de Janeiro  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artigo visa compreender a contribuição de fatores do ambiente externo ao sistema de assistência na ocorrência de óbitos perinatais em maternidades, que em 1994, compunham a rede de atendimento obstétrico em um município da região metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro. Dividiram-se os elementos em quatro grupos de variáveis, para entender a relação entre falhas no atendimento e deficiências no ambiente externo e institucionalizado: repasse de recursos para custeio, fatores geográficos e temporais, características organizacionais e administrativas e ação/participação de grupos de interesse. Entrevistas semi-estruturadas foram realizadas. Os resultados indicaram as seguintes falhas: repasses de recursos para custeio insuficientes para manter cuidados de qualidade, sobretudo nos casos das maternidades privadas; nenhuma regionalização ou hierarquização formal ou informal dos cuidados obstétricos no município; desconhecimento das normas do Ministério da Saúde nas maternidades estudadas e as adotadas em três das quatro maternidades não faziam referência nem aos procedimentos para a admissão, nem ao seguimento do trabalho de parto, nem ao seguimento fetal e o nível de participação não era o efetivamente implementado.This paper focuses on the role of environmental factors external to the health care system in the occurrence of perinatal deaths in maternity hospitals belonging to the local health system in a city in Greater Metropolitan Rio de Janeiro in 1994. Elements from the political and administrative context that contribute to an understanding of the relationship between failures in health care and structural deficiencies in these maternity hospitals were divided into four groups of variables: distribution of resources, spatial and temporal factors, organizational and managerial features, and action by interest groups. Semi-structured interviews were conducted. The study concluded that poor performance in four groups of variables may have contributed to perinatal mortality: distribution of resources was insufficient to provide quality in health care, especially in private maternity hospitals; there was no formal or informal regional or hierarchical organization of obstetric care in the city; Ministry of Health guidelines were ignored in all four maternity hospitals, while in three of the hospitals there were no admissions procedures and delivery and fetal follow-up listed in their own rules; and the level of actual participation was low.

Maria L. G. Rosa

2002-06-01

253

Óbitos perinatais evitáveis e ambiente externo ao sistema de assistência: estudo de caso em município da Região Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro / Avoidable perinatal deaths and the environment outside the health care system: a case study in a city in Greater Metropolitan Rio de Janeiro  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este artigo visa compreender a contribuição de fatores do ambiente externo ao sistema de assistência na ocorrência de óbitos perinatais em maternidades, que em 1994, compunham a rede de atendimento obstétrico em um município da região metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro. Dividiram-se os elementos em qua [...] tro grupos de variáveis, para entender a relação entre falhas no atendimento e deficiências no ambiente externo e institucionalizado: repasse de recursos para custeio, fatores geográficos e temporais, características organizacionais e administrativas e ação/participação de grupos de interesse. Entrevistas semi-estruturadas foram realizadas. Os resultados indicaram as seguintes falhas: repasses de recursos para custeio insuficientes para manter cuidados de qualidade, sobretudo nos casos das maternidades privadas; nenhuma regionalização ou hierarquização formal ou informal dos cuidados obstétricos no município; desconhecimento das normas do Ministério da Saúde nas maternidades estudadas e as adotadas em três das quatro maternidades não faziam referência nem aos procedimentos para a admissão, nem ao seguimento do trabalho de parto, nem ao seguimento fetal e o nível de participação não era o efetivamente implementado. Abstract in english This paper focuses on the role of environmental factors external to the health care system in the occurrence of perinatal deaths in maternity hospitals belonging to the local health system in a city in Greater Metropolitan Rio de Janeiro in 1994. Elements from the political and administrative contex [...] t that contribute to an understanding of the relationship between failures in health care and structural deficiencies in these maternity hospitals were divided into four groups of variables: distribution of resources, spatial and temporal factors, organizational and managerial features, and action by interest groups. Semi-structured interviews were conducted. The study concluded that poor performance in four groups of variables may have contributed to perinatal mortality: distribution of resources was insufficient to provide quality in health care, especially in private maternity hospitals; there was no formal or informal regional or hierarchical organization of obstetric care in the city; Ministry of Health guidelines were ignored in all four maternity hospitals, while in three of the hospitals there were no admissions procedures and delivery and fetal follow-up listed in their own rules; and the level of actual participation was low.

Maria L. G., Rosa; Virginia Alonso, Hortale.

254

Óbitos perinatais evitáveis e ambiente externo ao sistema de assistência: estudo de caso em município da Região Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro / Avoidable perinatal deaths and the environment outside the health care system: a case study in a city in Greater Metropolitan Rio de Janeiro  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este artigo visa compreender a contribuição de fatores do ambiente externo ao sistema de assistência na ocorrência de óbitos perinatais em maternidades, que em 1994, compunham a rede de atendimento obstétrico em um município da região metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro. Dividiram-se os elementos em qua [...] tro grupos de variáveis, para entender a relação entre falhas no atendimento e deficiências no ambiente externo e institucionalizado: repasse de recursos para custeio, fatores geográficos e temporais, características organizacionais e administrativas e ação/participação de grupos de interesse. Entrevistas semi-estruturadas foram realizadas. Os resultados indicaram as seguintes falhas: repasses de recursos para custeio insuficientes para manter cuidados de qualidade, sobretudo nos casos das maternidades privadas; nenhuma regionalização ou hierarquização formal ou informal dos cuidados obstétricos no município; desconhecimento das normas do Ministério da Saúde nas maternidades estudadas e as adotadas em três das quatro maternidades não faziam referência nem aos procedimentos para a admissão, nem ao seguimento do trabalho de parto, nem ao seguimento fetal e o nível de participação não era o efetivamente implementado. Abstract in english This paper focuses on the role of environmental factors external to the health care system in the occurrence of perinatal deaths in maternity hospitals belonging to the local health system in a city in Greater Metropolitan Rio de Janeiro in 1994. Elements from the political and administrative contex [...] t that contribute to an understanding of the relationship between failures in health care and structural deficiencies in these maternity hospitals were divided into four groups of variables: distribution of resources, spatial and temporal factors, organizational and managerial features, and action by interest groups. Semi-structured interviews were conducted. The study concluded that poor performance in four groups of variables may have contributed to perinatal mortality: distribution of resources was insufficient to provide quality in health care, especially in private maternity hospitals; there was no formal or informal regional or hierarchical organization of obstetric care in the city; Ministry of Health guidelines were ignored in all four maternity hospitals, while in three of the hospitals there were no admissions procedures and delivery and fetal follow-up listed in their own rules; and the level of actual participation was low.

Maria L. G., Rosa; Virginia Alonso, Hortale.

255

Availability and Quality of Prehospital Care on Pakistani Interurban Roads  

Science.gov (United States)

Interurban road crashes often result in severe Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs). Prehospital emergency care on interurban roads was rarely evaluated in the low- and middle-income countries. The study highlighted the availability and quality of prehospital care facilities on interurban roads in Pakistan, a low-income country. The study setting was a 592-km-long National highway in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Using the questionnaires adapted from the World Health Organization prehospital care guidelines [Sasser et al., 2005], managers and ambulance staff at the stations along highways were interviewed regarding the process of care, supplies in ambulances, and their experience of trauma care. Ambulance stations were either managed by the police or the Edhi Foundation (EF), a philanthropic organization. All highway stations were managed by the EF; the median distance between highway stations was 38 km (Interquartile Range [IQR]=27–46). We visited 14 stations, ten on the highway section, and four in cities, including two managed by the police. Most highway stations (n=13) received one RTI call per day. Half of stations (n=5) were inside highway towns, usually near primary or secondary-level healthcare facilities. Travel time to the nearest tertiary healthcare facility ranged from 31 to 70 minutes (median=48 minutes; IQR=30–60). Other shortcomings noted for stations were not triaging RTI cases (86%), informing hospitals (64%), or recording response times (57%). All ambulances (n=12) had stretchers, but only 58% had oxygen cylinders. The median schooling of ambulance staff (n=13) was 8 years (IQR=3–10), and the median paramedic training was 3 days (IQR=2–3). Observed shortcomings in prehospital care could be improved by public-private partnerships focusing on paramedic training, making available essential medical supplies, and linking ambulance stations with designated healthcare facilities for appropriate RTI triage. PMID:24406963

Bhatti, Junaid A.; Waseem, Hunniya; Razzak, Junaid A.; Shiekh, Naeem-ul-lah; Khoso, Ajmal Khan; Salmi, L.-Rachid

2013-01-01

256

Relationship between maternal hemoglobin and perinatal outcome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To Study the Relationship between Maternal Hemoglobin and Perinatal outcome in a cohort of 860 pregnant women and to highlight the importance of antenatal care regarding maternal health and fetal outcome. All Singleton pregnancies delivering at Pakistan Railway Hospital Rawalpindi from January 2004 to December 2005 that fulfilled the required criteria were included. Out of the 860 patients, 402 were anemic (<11gm/dl) and 458 were non anemic. Perinatal outcome included preterm delivery, low birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation, perinatal death, low apgr scores and intrauterine fetal deaths. Risk of preterm and Low birth weight among anemic women was 3.4 and 1.8 times more than non anaemic women. The neonates of anemic woman also had 1.7 times increased risk of having low apgr scores at 1 min. Among anemic women there was 2.2 times greater risk of intrauterine fetal death than the non-anemic women. Regular antenatal care from first trimester has a vital role in assessing and managing maternal anemia timely and it directly affects the perinatal outcome. The patients with anemia have also higher risk of having low birth weight, preterm births and intra uterine fetal death. (author)

257

Quality of Care Attributions to Employed Versus Stay-at-Home Mothers  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study was designed to find whether evaluations of maternal competence are linked to mothers' employment status and the quality of maternal care. Participants rated videotaped vignettes, depicting either high-quality or low-quality mother-infant interactions, on various dimensions of care quality. The videotaped mothers were described…

Shpancer, Noam; Melick, Katherine M.; Sayre, Pamela S.; Spivey, Aria T.

2006-01-01

258

Quality of antenatal care in Zambia: a national assessment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Antenatal care (ANC is one of the recommended interventions to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. Yet in most Sub-Saharan African countries, high rates of ANC coverage coexist with high maternal and neonatal mortality. This disconnect has fueled calls to focus on the quality of ANC services. However, little conceptual or empirical work exists on the measurement of ANC quality at health facilities in low-income countries. We developed a classification tool and assessed the level of ANC service provision at health facilities in Zambia on a national scale and compared this to the quality of ANC received by expectant mothers. Methods We analysed two national datasets with detailed antenatal provider and user information, the 2005 Zambia Health Facility Census and the 2007 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey (DHS, to describe the level of ANC service provision at 1,299 antenatal facilities in 2005 and the quality of ANC received by 4,148 mothers between 2002 and 2007. Results We found that only 45 antenatal facilities (3% fulfilled our developed criteria for optimum ANC service, while 47% of facilities provided adequate service, and the remaining 50% offered inadequate service. Although 94% of mothers reported at least one ANC visit with a skilled health worker and 60% attended at least four visits, only 29% of mothers received good quality ANC, and only 8% of mothers received good quality ANC and attended in the first trimester. Conclusions DHS data can be used to monitor “effective ANC coverage” which can be far below ANC coverage as estimated by current indicators. This “quality gap” indicates missed opportunities at ANC for delivering effective interventions. Evaluating the level of ANC provision at health facilities is an efficient way to detect where deficiencies are located in the system and could serve as a monitoring tool to evaluate country progress.

Kyei Nicholas N A

2012-12-01

259

Perinatal mortality and neonatal survival in Avon: 1976-9.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A study of perinatal and neonatal mortality figures for all 36 810 infants born to Avon residents during 1976-9 reported by year of birth and in relation to birth weight, gestational age, and th presence of lethal malformation showed the need for reporting mortality data for normally formed infants weighing 1000 g or more at birth and for assessing perinatal morbidity as well as mortality when attempting to evaluate the standard of perinatal care and the resources required to provide for it.

Mutch, L. M.; Brown, N. J.; Speidel, B. D.; Dunn, P. M.

1981-01-01

260

Quality improvement in depression care in the Netherlands: the Depression Breakthrough Collaborative. A quality improvement report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Improving the healthcare for patients with depression is a priority health policy across the world. Roughly, two major problems can be identified in daily practice: (1 the content of care is often not completely consistent with recommendations in guidelines and (2 the organization of care is not always integrated and delivered by multidisciplinary teams. Aim: To describe the content and preliminary results of a quality improvement project in primary care, aiming at improving the uptake of clinical depression guidelines in daily practice as well as the collaboration between different mental health professionals. Method: A Depression Breakthrough Collaborative was initiated from December 2006 until March 2008. The activities included the development and implementation of a stepped care depression model, a care pathway with two levels of treatment intensity: a first step treatment level for patients with non-severe depression (brief or mild depressive symptoms and a second step level for patients with severe depression. Twelve months data were measured by the teams in terms of one outcome and several process indicators. Qualitative data were gathered by the national project team with a semi-structured questionnaire amongst the local team coordinators. Results: Thirteen multidisciplinary teams participated in the project. In total 101 health professionals were involved, and 536 patients were diagnosed. Overall 356 patients (66% were considered non-severely depressed and 180 (34% patients showed severe symptoms. The mean percentage of non-severe patients treated according to the stepped care model was 78%, and 57% for the severely depressed patient group. The proportion of non-severely depressed patients receiving a first step treatment according to the stepped care model, improved during the project, this was not the case for the severely depressed patients. The teams were able to monitor depression symptoms to a reasonable extent during a period of 6 months. Within 3 months, 28% of monitored patients had recovered, meaning a Beck Depression Inventory (BDI score of 10 and lower, and another 27% recovered between 3 and 6 months. Conclusions and discussion: A stepped care approach seems acceptable and feasible in primary care, introducing different levels of care for different patient groups. Future implementation projects should pay special attention to the quality of care for severely depressed patients. Although the Depression Breakthrough Collaborative introduced new treatment concepts in primary and specialty care, the change capacity of the method remains unclear. Thorough data gathering is needed to judge the real value of these intensive improvement projects.

Gerdien Franx

2009-06-01

 
 
 
 
261

Prioritizing WHO normative work on maternal and perinatal health: a multicountry survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background WHO develops evidence-based guidelines for setting global standards and providing technical support to its Member States and the international community, as a whole. There is a clear need to ensure that WHO guidance is relevant, rigorous and up-to date. A key activity is to ascertain the guidance needs of the countries. This study provides an international comparison of priority guidance needs for maternal and perinatal health. It incorporates data from those who inform policy and implementation strategies at a national level, in addition to targeting those who use and most need the guidance at grassroot level. Methods An online multi-country survey was used to identify WHO guidance priorities for the next five years in the field of maternal and perinatal health. WHO regional and country offices were requested to respond the survey and obtain responses from Ministries of Health around the world. In addition, the survey was disseminated through other networks and relevant electronic forums. Results A total of 393 responses were received, including 56 from Ministries of Health and 54 from WHO/UN country offices. 75% of responses were from developing countries and 25% from developed countries. Guidance on strategies focusing on 'quality of care' issues to reduce all-cause maternal/perinatal mortality was considered the most important domain to target, which includes for instance guidance to improve access, dissemination, implementation of effective practices and health professionals' education. Conclusions This study provides a panorama of international priority guidance needs for maternal and perinatal health. Although clinical guidance remains a priority, there are other areas related to health systems guidance, which seem to be even more important. Overall, the domain ranked highest in terms of greatest need for guidance was around quality of care, which included questions related to educational needs, access to and implementation of guidance.

Coltart Cordelia EM

2011-10-01

262

Mortalidade perinatal em São Paulo, Brasil Perinatal mortality in S. Paulo, Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Foi analisada a mortalidade perinatal em São Paulo num período de dois anos. Partiu o estudo da totalidade dos atestados de nascidos mortos e de uma amostra de óbitos de menores de sete dias, para a qual a metodologia foi a de entrevistas domiciliares e junto aos médicos e hospitais que tenham prestado assistência às crianças falecidas. O coeficiente de mortalidade perinatal encontrado foi igual a 42,04 por mil nascidos vivos. Esse valor apresenta-se bastante elevado quando comparado ao de áreas desenvolvidas. Foi verificado que ele poderia ser diminuído com a simples redução dos coeficientes específicos por algumas causas evitáveis a nível de pré-natal (sífilis congênita, doenças próprias ou associadas à gravidez, do parto (distócias, traumatismos obstétricos e anóxia, ou da atenção ao recém-nascido (causas infecciosas, do aparelho respiratório, hemorragias e certas anóxias. O coeficiente de mortalidade perinatal segundo a idade da mãe mostrou que o risco varia com a idade, apresentando-se maior nas mulheres de 40 a 49 anos.Perinatal mortality in S. Paulo, over a period of two years, was analysed. The study took in all death certificates of the stillborn and a sample of children under a week of age. For the latter the methodology used was by interviewing phisicians and hospitals that cared for the deceased. The perinatal mortality rate was 42,05 per thousand live births. This value is really high when compared with those of developed areas. Nevertheless it can be reduced once the specific rates for some of the avoidable diseases be reduced by proper pre-natal care (congenital syphilis, illness pertaining to or associated with pregnancy. This can also be done by improving care at delivery (Distocias, obstetrical traumatism and anoxia and towards the newlyborn (infeccious diseases, respiratory diseases, haemorrages and anoxia. The perinatal mortality rate varies with the age of the mother, the risk being largest in women between 40 and 49 years of age.

Ruy Laurenti

1975-06-01

263

Risk adjustment methods for Home Care Quality Indicators (HCQIs) based on the minimum data set for home care  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background There has been increasing interest in enhancing accountability in health care. As such, several methods have been developed to compare the quality of home care services. These comparisons can be problematic if client populations vary across providers and no adjustment is made to account for these differences. The current paper explores the effects of risk adjustment for a set of home care quality indicators (HCQIs) based on the Minimum Data Set for Home Ca...

Hirdes John P; Dalby Dawn M; Fries Brant E

2005-01-01

264

Church sponsored child care: Association of regulatory level with quality for young children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Multiple types of child care are exempt from state licensure or regulation yet research has shown that stricter adherence to standards for a child care program predicts higher quality programs. This study compares three groups of church-sponsored child care centers operating at different regulatory levels and the global child care quality and teacher-child interactions in these child care centers within one state. The hypothesis was supported that centers that follow more strict regulation ha...

Lewsader, Joellen T.

2013-01-01

265

Quality of care and health-related quality of life of climacteric stage women cared for in family medicine clinics in Mexico  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Objectives 1 To design and validate indicators to measure the quality of the process of care that climacteric stage women receive in family medicine clinics (FMC. 2 To assess the quality of care that climacteric stage women receive in FMC. 3 To determine the association between quality of care and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL among climacteric stage women. Methods The study had two phases: I. Design and validation of indicators to measure the quality of care process by using the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method. II. Evaluation of the quality of care and its association with HR-QoL through a cross-sectional study conducted in two FMC located in Mexico City that included 410 climacteric stage women. The quality of care was measured by estimating the percentage of recommended care received (PRCR by climacteric stage women in three process components: health promotion, screening, and treatment. The HR-QoL was measured using the Cervantes scale (0-155. The association between quality of care and HR-QoL was estimated through multiple linear regression analysis. Results The lowest mean of PRCR was for the health promotion component (24.1% and the highest for the treatment component (86.6%. The mean of HR-QoL was 50.1 points. The regression analysis showed that in the treatment component, for every 10 additional points of the PRCR, the global HR-QoL improved 2.8 points on the Cervantes scale (coefficient -0.28, P Conclusion The indicators to measure quality of care for climacteric stage women are applicable and feasible in family medicine settings. There is a positive association between the quality of the treatment component and HR-QoL; this would encourage interventions to improve quality of care for climacteric stage women.

Pérez-Cuevas Ricardo

2010-02-01

266

The implementation of unit-based perinatal mortality audit in perinatal cooperation units in the northern region of the Netherlands  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Perinatal (mortality audit can be considered to be a way to improve the careprocess for all pregnant women and their newborns by creating an opportunity to learn from unwanted events in the care process. In unit-based perinatal audit, the caregivers involved in cases that result in mortality are usually part of the audit group. This makes such an audit a delicate matter. Methods The purpose of this study was to implement unit-based perinatal mortality audit in all 15 perinatal cooperation units in the northern region of the Netherlands between September 2007 and March 2010. These units consist of hospital-based and independent community-based perinatal caregivers. The implementation strategy encompassed an information plan, an organization plan, and a training plan. The main outcomes are the number of participating perinatal cooperation units at the end of the project, the identified substandard factors (SSF, the actions to improve care, and the opinions of the participants. Results The perinatal mortality audit was implemented in all 15 perinatal cooperation units. 677 different caregivers analyzed 112 cases of perinatal mortality and identified 163 substandard factors. In 31% of cases the guidelines were not followed and in 23% care was not according to normal practice. In 28% of cases, the documentation was not in order, while in 13% of cases the communication between caregivers was insufficient. 442 actions to improve care were reported for ‘external cooperation’ (15%, ‘internal cooperation’ (17%, ‘practice organization’ (26%, ‘training and education’ (10%, and ‘medical performance’ (27%. Valued aspects of the audit meetings were: the multidisciplinary character (13%, the collective and non-judgmental search for substandard factors (21%, the perception of safety (13%, the motivation to reflect on one’s own professional performance (5%, and the inherent postgraduate education (10%. Conclusion Following our implementation strategy, the perinatal mortality audit has been successfully implemented in all 15 perinatal cooperation units. An important feature was our emphasis on the delicate character of the caregivers evaluating the care they provided. However, the actual implementation of the proposed actions for improving care is still a point of concern.

van Diem Mariet Th

2012-07-01

267

Impact of point-of-care ultrasound on quality of care in clinical practice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Srikar Adhikari,1 Richard Amini,1 Lori A Stolz,1 Michael Blaivas2 1Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Arizona Medical Center, Tucson, AZ, 2Department of Internal Medicine, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC, USA Abstract: The use of point-of-care (POC ultrasonography has rapidly expanded in recent years, in both academic and community settings. It is one of the few diagnostic modalities that can be performed rapidly at the bedside by a physician and has significant impact on patient outcomes. It is portable, readily accessible, and cost-effective, and has no risk of ionizing radiation. There is an abundance of evidence that supports the use of POC ultrasound by physicians in different subspecialties. Multiple studies have documented the diagnostic accuracy of POC ultrasound and its ability to decrease the time to definitive treatment. As ultrasound technology has advanced, POC ultrasound applications have also evolved from being used solely in patients with blunt abdominal trauma to applications for nearly every clinical scenario imaginable. From performing procedures more safely to diagnosing pathology more quickly, POC ultrasound is radically changing clinical practice, patient outcomes, and the overall quality of patient care a clinician can provide. Recently, there has been a paradigm shift involving a symptom-based approach to POC ultrasound. This unique symptom-based ultrasound approach has led to improved quality of care in a variety of clinical settings. Keywords: point-of-care ultrasound, ultrasonography, bedside ultrasound, emergency physician, emergency department, quality, symptom-based

Adhikari S

2014-09-01

268

Barriers to quality health care for the transgender population.  

Science.gov (United States)

The transgender community is arguably the most marginalized and underserved population in medicine. A special issue focusing on men's health would be incomplete without mention of this vulnerable population, which includes those transitioning to and from the male gender. Transgender patients face many barriers in their access to healthcare including historical stigmatization, both structural and financial barriers, and even a lack of healthcare provider experience in treating this unique population. Historical stigmatization fosters a reluctance to disclose gender identity, which can have dire consequences for long-term outcomes due to a lack of appropriate medical history including transition-related care. Even if a patient is willing to disclose their gender identity and transition history, structural barriers in current healthcare settings lack the mechanisms necessary to collect and track this information. Moreover, healthcare providers acknowledge that information is lacking regarding the unique needs and long-term outcomes for transgender patients, which contributes to the inability to provide appropriate care. All of these barriers must be recognized and addressed in order to elevate the quality of healthcare delivered to the transgender community to a level commensurate with the general population. Overcoming these barriers will require redefinition of our current system such that the care a patient receives is not exclusively linked to their sex but also considers gender identity. PMID:24560655

Roberts, Tiffany K; Fantz, Corinne R

2014-07-01

269

Associations between perinatal interventions and hospital stillbirth rates and neonatal mortality  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Previous studies suggest that high risk and low birthweight babies have better outcomes if born in hospitals with level III neonatal intensive care units. Relations between obstetric care, particularly intrapartum interventions and perinatal outcomes, are less well understood, however.

Joyce, R.; Webb, R.; Peacock, J.

2004-01-01

270

Quality care for community-based FP / MCH.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Regional Workshop on Quality Care for Community-based FP/MCH in Asia was organized by the Family Planning Association of Nepal (FPAN) in cooperation with JOICFP and held in Kathmandu, Nepal, December 4-9. Representatives of counterpart organizations in Bangladesh, Laos, Nepal, and the Philippines implementing the UNFPA-supported Sustainable Community-based FP/MCH Project with Special Focus on Women were included among the forty participants. Representatives of China and Vietnam as well as resource persons from Mexico and Japan also attended the event. The workshop was held with the goal of providing participants with effective strategies for promoting quality care for community-based FP/MCH activities based upon the Nepalese experience. The event also provided the opportunity for participants to share experiences, develop strategies for project sustainability, and identify strategies and action plans suitable for their particular country situations. In field trips to Panchkhal, Sunsari, and Morang where the project is being implemented in 26 villages, participants noted the strong community involvement and village leader support. They were also impressed by the communities' awareness of services provided under the project. FPAN has succeeded despite geographical and cultural difficulties in promoting fee-based services toward project sustainability. By paying nominal fees, villagers also enjoy access to drugs and services which may not have been available through the government free of charge. Participants at the end of the workshop recommended the identification of specific indicators and systems for monitoring services and activities, training and orientation at all levels to improve the skills and attitudes of health care workers, the development of potential income-generating activities, the provision of essential FP/MCH equipment, and the equal involvement of men and women at the policy and implementation levels. PMID:12288392

1995-02-01

271

Quality of Dental Care and Social Disparities in Health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aims: To compare the quality of oro-dental preparation before prosthesis in patients affiliated with the general health care fund ( régime général and those covered by the universal health coverage program (CMU including complementary insurance (CMUC. Method: The study sample was comprised by requests for prior approval collected between February 15, 2001 and May 18, 2001 in eight administrative regions participating in the study. Accordingly, 3 116 patients covered by the CMUC and 3 310 beneficiaries of the general fund stricto sensu were examined by the fund’s salaried dental advisors ( chirurgiens-dentistes-conseils and enrolled in the study. Results: 31% of the affiliates of the general fund had dental caries requiring treatment and 11% needed extraction. Among CMUC patients, the rates were respectively 37% and 17% in those requiring a dental prosthesis for the first time and 35% and 1% in those who had already had received a prosthesis during the preceding 17 months. The differences between the two populations was statistically very significant (p<0.001. Conclusions: Irrespective of the type of health care coverage, preliminary oro-dental preparation before prosthesis is not systematically performed and is of poorer quality in CMUC patients, even when they had been treated by a dental surgeon twice over the preceding year and a half. In spite of Jonathan Mann’s historic presentation at the French Public Health Society’s 1998 congress, few studies have demonstrated the fact that access to care can not be assured by simply offering health coverage.

Mabriez JC

2002-09-01

272

Quality improvement in radiography in a neonatal intensive care unit  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The primary objective of this study was to ensure that X-rays performed consistently adhere to established technological quality standards and are achieved without compromising patient care while minimizing exposure risks. The secondary objective was to evaluate whether educational sessions targeting areas deemed suboptimal would facilitate improvement. A retrospective, 1-week review of all neonatal X-rays and documentation of clinical information on X-ray requisitions (n = 132) was completed in a tertiary care neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), by a single observer. Standards for X-ray evaluation were defined a priori based on radiographic principles and essential documented medical information for correct interpretation. Targeted areas for improvement were identified and addressed through brief educational sessions and printed pamphlets. The review was repeated after recommendations were implemented. 1 month (n = 93) and 1 year (n = 76) later. Improvements were evident in both the completion of X-ray requisitions and image quality. In particular, there was a statistically significant improvement in requisition legibility (P = 0.019), completeness of the medical history (P < 0.001), reduction in X-ray rotation (P < 0.001), collimation to the specific area of interest (P <0.001), gonadal shielding (P < 0.001), and decrease in monitor leads or artifacts obscuring views (P < 0.001). These improvements were sustained both 1 month and 1 year following the educational sessions. A neonatal X-ray audit is a simple, effective way to evaluate radiographic technique and encourage provision of basic clinical information for diagnostic interpretation by radiologists and neonatologists. As well, structured, collaborative educational sessions between radiology and neonatology staff appear to be a successful and sustainable method to effect overall improvement. (author)

Loovere, L.; Boyle, E.M. [Dept. of Pediatrics, McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada); Blatz, S. [Dept. of Pediactrics, McMaster Children' s Hospital, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario (Canada); Bowslaugh, M.; Kereliuk, M. [Dept. of Radiology, Diagnostic Imaging, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario (Canada); Paes, B. [Dept. of Pediatrics, McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada)], E-mail: paes@mcmaster.ca

2008-10-15

273

Perceptions of Local Health Care Quality in 7 Rural Communities with Telemedicine  

Science.gov (United States)

Rural health services are difficult to maintain because of low patient volumes, limited numbers of providers, and unfavorable economies of scale. Rural patients may perceive poor quality in local health care, directly impacting the sustainability of local health care services. This study examines perceptions of local health care quality in 7…

Nesbitt, Thomas S.; Marcin, James P.; Daschbach, Martha M.; Cole, Stacey L.

2005-01-01

274

Infant and Toddler Child Care Quality. Research-to-Policy Connections No. 2  

Science.gov (United States)

With over half the nation's infants and toddlers in regular, non-parental child care, the quality of that care is a priority concern for policymakers. Many studies show that high-quality child care supports the positive social, emotional, and cognitive development of young children. The research summarized in this policy brief identifies factors…

Kreader, J. Lee; Ferguson, Daniel; Lawrence, Sharmila

2005-01-01

275

Money Matters for Early Education: The Relationships among Child Care Quality, Teacher Characteristics, and Subsidy Status  

Science.gov (United States)

Child care is the first out-of-home learning opportunity for many children. For low-income children, a high-quality child care placement can provide many of the experiences and skills that help build a foundation for later school success. Among the many measures of child care quality, some closely linked to later success in school are those…

St.Clair-Christman, JeanMarie; Buell, Martha; Gamel-McCormick, Michael

2011-01-01

276

The quality of care for adults with epilepsy: an initial glimpse using the QUIET measure  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background We examined the quality of adult epilepsy care using the Quality Indicators in Epilepsy Treatment (QUIET measure, and variations in quality based on the source of epilepsy care. Methods We identified 311 individuals with epilepsy diagnosis between 2004 and 2007 in a tertiary medical center in New England. We abstracted medical charts to identify the extent to which participants received quality indicator (QI concordant care for individual QI's and the proportion of recommended care processes completed for different aspects of epilepsy care over a two year period. Finally, we compared the proportion of recommended care processes completed for those receiving care only in primary care, neurology clinics, or care shared between primary care and neurology providers. Results The mean proportion of concordant care by indicator was 55.6 (standard deviation = 31.5. Of the 1985 possible care processes, 877 (44.2% were performed; care specific to women had the lowest concordance (37% vs. 42% [first seizure evaluation], 44% [initial epilepsy treatment], 45% [chronic care]. Individuals receiving shared care had more aspects of QI concordant care performed than did those receiving neurology care for initial treatment (53% vs. 43%; X2 = 9.0; p = 0.01 and chronic epilepsy care (55% vs. 42%; X2 = 30.2; p Conclusions Similar to most other chronic diseases, less than half of recommended care processes were performed. Further investigation is needed to understand whether a shared-care model enhances quality of care, and if so, how it leads to improvements in quality.

Avetisyan Ruzan

2011-01-01

277

Patient safety measures in burn care: do National reporting systems accurately reflect quality of burn care?  

Science.gov (United States)

Recently, much attention has been placed on quality of care metrics and patient safety. Groups such as the University Health-System Consortium (UHC) collect and review patient safety data, monitor healthcare facilities, and often report data using mortality and complication rates as outcomes. The purpose of this study was to analyze the UHC database to determine if it differentiates quality of care across burn centers. We reviewed UHC clinical database (CDB) fields and available data from 2006 to 2008 for the burn product line. Based on the September 2008 American Burn Association (ABA) list of verified burn centers, we categorized centers as American Burn Association-verified burn centers, self-identified burn centers, and other centers that are not burn units but admit some burn patients. We compared total burn admissions, risk pool, complication rates, and mortality rates. Overall mortality was compared between the UHC and National Burn Repository. The UHC CDB provides fields for number of admissions, % intensive care unit admission, risk pool, length of stay, complication profiles, and mortality index. The overall numbers of burn patients in the database for the study period included 17,740 patients admitted to verified burn centers (mean 631 admissions/burn center/yr or per 2 years), 10,834 for self-identified burn centers (mean 437 admissions/burn center/yr or per 2 years), and 1,487 for other centers (mean 11.5 admissions/burn center/yr or per 2 years). Reported complication rates for verified burn centers (21.6%), self-identified burn centers (21.3%), and others (20%) were similar. Mortality rates were highest for self-identified burn centers (3.06%), less for verified centers (2.88%), and lowest for other centers (0.74%). However, these outcomes data may be misleading, because the risk pool criteria do not include burn-specific risk factors, and the inability to adjust for injury severity prevents rigorous comparison across centers. Databases such as the UHC CDB provide a potential to benchmark quality of care. However, reporting quality data for trauma and burns requires stringent understanding of injury data collection. Although quality measures are important for improving patient safety and establishing benchmarks for complication and mortality rates, caution must be taken when applying them to specific product lines. PMID:20061847

Mandell, Samuel P; Robinson, Ellen F; Cooper, Claudette L; Klein, Matthew B; Gibran, Nicole S

2010-01-01

278

Agreement and disagreement on health care quality concepts among academic health professionals: the Saudi case.  

Science.gov (United States)

A systematic and rigorous implementation of quality improvement processes is likely to improve the well-being of staff members and heighten their job satisfaction. Assessing professionals' perceptions of health care quality should lead to the betterment of health care services. In Saudi Arabia, no previous studies examine how university health professionals view health care quality concepts. A cross-sectional analytical study employing a self-administered questionnaire with 43 statements assessing quality perceptions of academic health care professionals was used. Despite the agreement of health professionals on numerous quality concepts addressed in this study, there was insufficient agreement on 10 core quality concepts, 3 of which were the following: "quality focuses on customers" (50%), "quality is tangible and therefore measurable" (29.3%), and "quality is data-driven" (62%). Hence, providing health professionals with relevant training likely will generate a better understanding of quality concepts and optimize their performance. PMID:23897553

Mahrous, Mohamed Saad

2014-01-01

279

Fighting violence against health workers: a way to improve quality of care?  

Science.gov (United States)

Violence against health care workers impairs the quality of care. In one university medical center in France, 46% of the health care workers were physically assaulted at some point in the previous 12 months and 79% were verbally insulted. This article describes a participatory approach that was used to ensure health care workers take an active role in designing and implementing anti-violence measures. In each unit, a working group of health care professionals and managers developed an action plan for reducing violence-generating practices. This proactive approach is a powerful tool for motivating health care professionals to improve quality of care. PMID:24971816

Gignon, Maxime; Verheye, Jean-Charles; Manaouil, Cécile; Ammirati, Christine; Turban-Castel, Emmanuelle; Ganry, Olivier

2014-06-01

280

Early stage cervical cancer : quality of cancer care and quality of life  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To improve quality of cancer care treatment-related information is needed. This could be acquired by registries. Since January 1984, the Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC) collects prospectively more than 200 relevant clinical and pathological parameters of women with cervical cancer treated in the LUMC. The purpose of this thesis was to use the treatment-related information of this database, to get inside information and to become aware of possibilities for improvement in the current tr...

Pieterse, Quirine Dionne

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Mortes perinatais e avaliação da assistência ao parto em maternidades do Sistema Único de Saúde em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1999 / Perinatal deaths and childbirth healthcare evaluation in maternity hospitals of the Brazilian Unified Health System in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1999  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho analisa a associação entre a morte perinatal e o processo de assistência hospitalar ao parto, considerando-se que grande parte das mortes perinatais pode ser prevenível pela atenção qualificada de saúde e que a avaliação da qualidade da assistência perinatal ao parto é necessária para [...] a redução da morbi-mortalidade perinatal. Realizou-se estudo caso-controle de base populacional dos óbitos perinatais (n = 118) e nascimentos (n = 492), ocorridos em maternidades do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Sexo masculino, prematuridade, doenças na gravidez, baixo peso ao nascer, doenças do recém-nascido, não realização de pré-natal, não utilização de partograma e menos de uma avaliação fetal por hora durante o trabalho de parto apresentaram associação estatisticamente significativa com o óbito perinatal. No modelo de regressão logística múltipla, não utilização do partograma durante o trabalho de parto e tipo de maternidade apresentaram-se como fatores de risco independentes para a morte perinatal. O estudo indica que é deficiente a qualidade da assistência hospitalar ao parto e que aspectos da estrutura dos serviços e do processo de assistência relacionam-se com a mortalidade perinatal por causas evitáveis. Abstract in english This paper analyzes the association between perinatal mortality and factors related to hospital care during labor, considering that healthcare assessment is needed in order to reduce perinatal mortality. A population-based case-control study was conducted with 118 perinatal deaths (cases) and 492 bi [...] rths (controls) that took place in maternity hospitals of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Male sex, prematurity, diseases during pregnancy, low birth weight, newborn diseases, lack of prenatal care, lack of partograph use during labor, and less than one fetus assessment per hour during labor were significantly associated with perinatal deaths. In the multiple regression analysis, lack of partograph use during labor and type of hospital were associated with perinatal deaths. These results indicate inadequate quality of care in maternity hospitals and show that health services structure and health care process are related to perinatal mortality due to preventable causes.

Sônia, Lansky; Elisabeth, França; Cibele Comini, César; Luiz Costa, Monteiro Neto; Maria do Carmo, Leal.

282

Mortes perinatais e avaliação da assistência ao parto em maternidades do Sistema Único de Saúde em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1999 / Perinatal deaths and childbirth healthcare evaluation in maternity hospitals of the Brazilian Unified Health System in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1999  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho analisa a associação entre a morte perinatal e o processo de assistência hospitalar ao parto, considerando-se que grande parte das mortes perinatais pode ser prevenível pela atenção qualificada de saúde e que a avaliação da qualidade da assistência perinatal ao parto é necessária para [...] a redução da morbi-mortalidade perinatal. Realizou-se estudo caso-controle de base populacional dos óbitos perinatais (n = 118) e nascimentos (n = 492), ocorridos em maternidades do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Sexo masculino, prematuridade, doenças na gravidez, baixo peso ao nascer, doenças do recém-nascido, não realização de pré-natal, não utilização de partograma e menos de uma avaliação fetal por hora durante o trabalho de parto apresentaram associação estatisticamente significativa com o óbito perinatal. No modelo de regressão logística múltipla, não utilização do partograma durante o trabalho de parto e tipo de maternidade apresentaram-se como fatores de risco independentes para a morte perinatal. O estudo indica que é deficiente a qualidade da assistência hospitalar ao parto e que aspectos da estrutura dos serviços e do processo de assistência relacionam-se com a mortalidade perinatal por causas evitáveis. Abstract in english This paper analyzes the association between perinatal mortality and factors related to hospital care during labor, considering that healthcare assessment is needed in order to reduce perinatal mortality. A population-based case-control study was conducted with 118 perinatal deaths (cases) and 492 bi [...] rths (controls) that took place in maternity hospitals of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Male sex, prematurity, diseases during pregnancy, low birth weight, newborn diseases, lack of prenatal care, lack of partograph use during labor, and less than one fetus assessment per hour during labor were significantly associated with perinatal deaths. In the multiple regression analysis, lack of partograph use during labor and type of hospital were associated with perinatal deaths. These results indicate inadequate quality of care in maternity hospitals and show that health services structure and health care process are related to perinatal mortality due to preventable causes.

Sônia, Lansky; Elisabeth, França; Cibele Comini, César; Luiz Costa, Monteiro Neto; Maria do Carmo, Leal.

283

Mortes perinatais e avaliação da assistência ao parto em maternidades do Sistema Único de Saúde em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1999 Perinatal deaths and childbirth healthcare evaluation in maternity hospitals of the Brazilian Unified Health System in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1999  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa a associação entre a morte perinatal e o processo de assistência hospitalar ao parto, considerando-se que grande parte das mortes perinatais pode ser prevenível pela atenção qualificada de saúde e que a avaliação da qualidade da assistência perinatal ao parto é necessária para a redução da morbi-mortalidade perinatal. Realizou-se estudo caso-controle de base populacional dos óbitos perinatais (n = 118 e nascimentos (n = 492, ocorridos em maternidades do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Sexo masculino, prematuridade, doenças na gravidez, baixo peso ao nascer, doenças do recém-nascido, não realização de pré-natal, não utilização de partograma e menos de uma avaliação fetal por hora durante o trabalho de parto apresentaram associação estatisticamente significativa com o óbito perinatal. No modelo de regressão logística múltipla, não utilização do partograma durante o trabalho de parto e tipo de maternidade apresentaram-se como fatores de risco independentes para a morte perinatal. O estudo indica que é deficiente a qualidade da assistência hospitalar ao parto e que aspectos da estrutura dos serviços e do processo de assistência relacionam-se com a mortalidade perinatal por causas evitáveis.This paper analyzes the association between perinatal mortality and factors related to hospital care during labor, considering that healthcare assessment is needed in order to reduce perinatal mortality. A population-based case-control study was conducted with 118 perinatal deaths (cases and 492 births (controls that took place in maternity hospitals of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Male sex, prematurity, diseases during pregnancy, low birth weight, newborn diseases, lack of prenatal care, lack of partograph use during labor, and less than one fetus assessment per hour during labor were significantly associated with perinatal deaths. In the multiple regression analysis, lack of partograph use during labor and type of hospital were associated with perinatal deaths. These results indicate inadequate quality of care in maternity hospitals and show that health services structure and health care process are related to perinatal mortality due to preventable causes.

Sônia Lansky

2006-01-01

284

Efectos de un programa de mejoramiento de la calidad en servicios materno perinatales en el Peru: la experiencia del proyecto 2000 / Effects of a continuous quality improvement program in maternal and perinatal health services in Peru: the experience of Project 2000  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish OBJETIVOS: comparar la calidad de los servicios de salud materno perinatales (SMP) de los establecimientos participantes en un programa de mejora de calidad (PMC) y compararlos con un grupo control; evaluar comparativamente los conocimientos y actitudes de usuarias de servicios de salud materna; y d [...] eterminar la contribución del PMC en los niveles de calidad. MÉTODOS: fue implementado un PMC en 74 establecimientos de salud seleccionados para mejorar la calidad. Se desarrolló un cuasiexperimento controlado en 74 hospitales, centros de salud y establecimientos periféricos. El análisis de la calidad de los SMP se realizó mediante comparación de promedios de escalas centesimales; los conocimientos y actitudes de las usuarias mediante análisis bivariado; y la predicción del nivel de calidad a través de análisis multivariado. RESULTADOS: al final de la intervención, la puntuación de los establecimientos con PMC tuvo un promedio de 61,8 puntos y de 37,5 en el grupo de comparación, (p Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: to compare the quality of the maternal-perinatal health services (MPHS) between health facilities with a continuos quality improvement (CQI) and those without such program; to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of the users of maternal health services; to determine the contribution of [...] the CQI on the level of quality. METHODS: it was conducted a CQI program in 74 selected health facilities from Perú (1996-2000) for improved the quality of MPHS. A controlled, quasiexperimental study in facilities health (hospital, health centers and peripheral facilities) was conducted. The quality of care was measured by scores of the MPHS by comparing averages; the knowledge and attitudes of users by bivariate analysis, and the prediction of the quality level was studied through multivariate analysis. RESULTS: at the end of the intervention, CQI facilities score was 61,8 points and of 37,5 in the comparison group, (p

Juan A., Seclen-Palacín; Enrique, Jacoby M; Bruno, Benavides C; Joaquín, Novara V; Anibal, Velásquez V; Enrique, Watanabe V; César, Arroyo V.

2003-12-01

285

Assessment of quality of care in acute postoperative pain management  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background/Aim. Managing of acute postoperative pain should be of great interest for all hospital institutions, as one of the key components of patients satisfaction, which indicates quality, as well as the outcome of treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of nursing care in managing acute postoperative pain and to establish factors which influence patients assessment of the same. Method. The investigation was conducted on the sample of 135 patients hospitalized in surgical clinics of the Clinical Centre of Vojvodina in Novi Sad in the form of cross-sectional study, by interviewing patients during the second postoperative day and collecting sociodemographic variables, type of surgical procedure and applied analgesic therapy which were taken from their medical documentation. The modified questionnaire of the Strategic and Clinical Quality Indicators in Postoperative Pain Management (SCQIPP was used as the instrument of the investigation. The data were processed with suitable mathematical statistics methods such as multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVA, discriminative and other parametric procedures and methods. Roy's test, Pearson's coefficient contingency (?, multiple correlation coefficient (R were conducted amongst other invariant procedures. Results. The mean score for the individual items of SCQIPP questionnaire was between 2.0 and 4.7 (scale range 1-5 and the percentage of patients answers 'strongly agree' ranged from 4.4 to 77%. The smallest number of positive answers were given by the patients for the item 'In order to assess pain intensity, some of the staff asked me at least once in the morning, in the afternoon and in the evening to show the number from 0-10'. Most of the patients (57% evaluated severe pain during the previous 24 hours, as moderate pain, which represents significantly greater number of patients which complain of severe pain and mild pain (p < 0.001. The analysis of patients evaluation (MANOVA p < 0.05 and discriminative p < 0.05 indicates the existence of significant difference between the assessment of nursing care quality in managing acute postoperative pain as regards to clinics as the place for pain management, patient's sex and his expectations. Evaluation from 'communication' subscale gives the greatest contribution (24.9% to the difference between the observed clinics, and the greatest contribution (25.7% to the difference in evaluation of nursing care quality as regards to patients' sex has the evaluations from 'procedure' subscale. Conclusion. The results of this study show a useful evidence and identify aspects of nursing care in postoperative management of acute pain which are still to be improved. According to the patients' answers the priority should be given to a regular assessment of the intensity of postoperative pain and evaluation of the effects of analgesic therapy.

Milutinovi? Dragana

2009-01-01

286

Quality of Care for Myocardial Infarction in Rural and Urban Hospitals  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: In the mid-1990s, significant gaps existed in the quality of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) care between rural and urban hospitals. Since then, overall AMI care quality has improved. This study uses more recent data to determine whether rural-urban AMI quality gaps have persisted. Methods: Using inpatient records data for 34,776…

Baldwin, Laura-Mae; Chan, Leighton; Andrilla, C. Holly A.; Huff, Edwin D.; Hart, L. Gary

2010-01-01

287

PERINATAL LEUKODYSTROPHY CLINICAL CASE  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this study the authors want to present a case of a premature newborn who presented an extremely rare disease for medical practice. Low prevalence of the perinatal leukodystrophy, the difficulty of the clinical diagnosis and the echography resemblance with other diseases of the periventricular white matter is the subjects of this presentation.

Dana Mihut; Aniko Manea; Daniela Iacob; Botiu, V.; Es, Boia; Marioara Boia

2004-01-01

288

PERINATAL LEUKODYSTROPHY CLINICAL CASE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study the authors want to present a case of a premature newborn who presented an extremely rare disease for medical practice. Low prevalence of the perinatal leukodystrophy, the difficulty of the clinical diagnosis and the echography resemblance with other diseases of the periventricular white matter is the subjects of this presentation.

Dana Mihut

2004-01-01

289

78 FR 69418 - Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Exchanges and Qualified Health Plans, Quality Rating...  

Science.gov (United States)

...for family/ adult self-only coverage...which encompass health care topics of clinical...Consumer Reports Health Plan Rankings...family or adult self-only coverage...Initial Core Set of Health Care Quality...

2013-11-19

290

Experiences with maternal and perinatal death reviews in the UK--the MBRRACE-UK programme.  

Science.gov (United States)

Established in 1952, the programme of surveillance and Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths in the UK is the longest running such programme worldwide. Although more recently instituted, surveillance and confidential enquiries into perinatal deaths are also now well established nationally. Recent changes to funding and commissioning of the Enquiries have enabled both a reinvigoration of the processes and improvements to the methodology with an increased frequency of future reporting. Close engagement with stakeholders and a regulator requirement for doctors to participate have both supported the impetus for involvement of all professionals leading to greater potential for improved quality of care for women and babies. PMID:25236632

Kurinczuk, J J; Draper, E S; Field, D J; Bevan, C; Brocklehurst, P; Gray, R; Kenyon, S; Manktelow, B N; Neilson, J P; Redshaw, M; Scott, J; Shakespeare, J; Smith, L K; Knight, M

2014-09-01

291

Optimizing care in osteoporosis: The Canadian quality circle project  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background While the Osteoporosis Canada 2002 Canadian guidelines provided evidence based strategies in preventing, diagnosing, and managing this condition, publication and distribution of guidelines have not, in and of themselves, been shown to alter physicians clinical approaches. We hypothesize that primary care physicians enrolled in the Quality Circle project would change their patient management of osteoporosis in terms of awareness of osteoporosis risk factors and bone mineral density testing in accordance with the guidelines. Methods The project consisted of five Quality Circle phases that included: 1 Training & Baseline Data Collection, 2 First Educational Intervention & First Follow-Up Data Collection 3 First Strategy Implementation Session, 4 Final Educational Intervention & Final Follow-up Data Collection, and 5 Final Strategy Implementation Session. A total of 340 circle members formed 34 quality circles and participated in the study. The generalized estimating equations approach was used to model physician awareness of risk factors for osteoporosis and appropriate utilization of bone mineral density testing pre and post educational intervention (first year of the study. Odds ratios (OR and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI were calculated. Results After the 1st year of the study, physicians' certainty of their patients' risk factor status increased. Certainty varied from an OR of 1.4 (95% CI: 1.1, 1.8 for prior vertebral fracture status to 6.3 (95% CI: 2.3, 17.9 for prior hip fracture status. Furthermore, bone mineral density testing increased in high risk as compared with low risk patients (OR: 1.4; 95% CI: 1.2, 1.7. Conclusion Quality Circle methodology was successful in increasing both physicians' awareness of osteoporosis risk factors and appropriate bone mineral density testing in accordance with the 2002 Canadian guidelines.

Kvern Brent

2008-10-01

292

Perinatal health and mother-child health care in the municipality of São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil Saúde perinatal e atenção à saúde da mãe e da criança no Município de São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this article was to evaluate socioeconomic and demographic indicators, reproductive health, use of prenatal, childbirth, and neonatal services, and anthropometric data for mothers and infants. The authors performed a cross-sectional analysis of a systematic sample of 2,831 hospital births in São Luís, Maranhão State, from March 1997 to February 1998 at ten public and private maternity hospitals. The sample was stratified proportionally according to the number of births in each maternity hospital. Mothers answered a standard questionnaire. Of the total, 97.9% were live births and 98% were singletons. Prenatal coverage was 89.5%, and prevalence of cesarean sections was 33.8%. A physician provided prenatal care in 75.7% of cases and performed 73.8% of the deliveries. The Unified Health System covered the costs of 76.4% of the prenatal visits and 89.7% of the deliveries. A pediatrician was present in the delivery room in 50.2% of cases. The low birth weight rate was 9.6% and the preterm birth rate 13.9%. Reasons for concern included a high percentage of adolescent mothers, single mothers (or without partners, the high cesarean rate, and the high percentage of births attended by unqualified personnel.Este artigo teve o objetivo de estimar indicadores sócio-econômicos, demográficos, saúde reprodutiva, utilização de serviços pré-natais e de atenção ao parto e ao recém-nascido, dados antropométricos da mãe e da criança. Foi realizado estudo transversal em amostra sistemática de 2.831 nascimentos hospitalares ocorridos em São Luís, estratificada por maternidades, com partilha proporcional ao número de nascimentos em cada unidade, no período de março de 1997 a fevereiro de 1998. Utilizou-se questionário padronizado respondido pela puérpera. Analisaram-se nascimentos em dez unidades de saúde, públicas e privadas, dos quais, 97,9%, eram nascidos vivos e 98% de parto único. A cobertura do pré-natal foi de 89,5%. A prevalência de cesarianas 33,8%. O médico realizou 75,7% do atendimento pré-natal e 73,5% dos partos. O Sistema Único de Saúde custeou 76,4% do atendimento pré-natal e 89,7% da assistência ao parto. O atendimento por pediatra em sala de parto foi de 50,2%. A taxa de baixo peso ao nascer foi de 9,6% e de prematuridade 13,9%. Alta porcentagem de mães adolescentes e sem companheiro, alta taxa de cesáreas e de partos assistidos por pessoal não qualificado, são razões para preocupação.

Antônio Augusto M. da Silva

2001-12-01

293

Translating improved quality of care into an improved quality of life for patients with inflammatory bowel disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

The term quality of care has been interpreted in different ways in medicine. Skeptics of the quality movement insist that checkboxes and government and payer oversight will not lead to better patient outcomes. Supporters refer to areas in medicine in which quality improvement efforts have led to improved survival, such as in cystic fibrosis and cardiovascular disease. For quality improvement to be effective, the process demands rigorous documentation, analysis, feedback, and behavioral change. This requires valid metrics and mechanisms to provide dynamic point-of-care (or close to point of care) feedback in a manner that drives improvement. For inflammatory bowel disease, work has been performed in Europe and the United States to develop a framework for how practitioners can improve quality of care. Improve Care Now has created a sophisticated quality improvement program for pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The American Gastroenterology Association has worked within the National Quality Strategy framework to develop quality measures for patients with inflammatory bowel disease that have been incorporated into Federal programs that are moving Medicare reimbursement from a volume-based to a value-based structure. The Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America is initiating a quality intervention program that can be implemented in community and academic practices to stimulate continual improvement processes for patients with inflammatory bowel disease. All of this work is intended to make quality improvement programs both feasible and useful, with the ultimate goal of improving quality of life for our patients. PMID:23747710

Siegel, Corey A; Allen, John I; Melmed, Gil Y

2013-08-01

294

Quality of care in the management of major obstetric haemorrhage.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Substandard care is reported to occur in a large number of cases of major obstetric haemorrhage (MOH). A prospective audit was carried out by a multidisciplinary team at our hospital over a one year period to assess the quality of care (QOC) delivered to women experiencing MOH. MOH was defined according to criteria outlined in the Scottish Audit of Maternal Morbidity (SAMM). 31 cases were identified yielding an incidence of 3.5\\/1000 deliveries. The predominant causes were uterine atony 11 (35.4%), retained products of conception 6 (19.3%) and placenta praevia\\/accreta 6 (19.3%). Excellent initial resuscitation and monitoring was noted with a high level of senior staff input. Indicators of QOC compared favourably with the SAMM. Areas for improvement were identified. This pilot study demonstrates the feasibility of detailed prospective data collection in MOH in a busy Dublin obstetric unit with a view to developing a national audit. Standardization of definitions allows for international comparisons.

Johnson, S N

2012-02-01

295

End-user perspectives on e-commerce and health care web site quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

We explore and compare the importance of various quality dimensions for health care and e-commerce web sites. The results show that the importance of various quality attributes for all except four of ten quality dimensions studied differ between health care and e-commerce web sites. These results can help health care managers to improve and/or to guide the design of their web sites. PMID:18998907

Le Rouge, Cynthia; De Leo, Gianluca

2008-01-01

296

Can structured data fields accurately measure quality of care? The example of falls  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

By automating collection of data elements, electronic health records may simplify the process of measuring the quality of medical care. Using data from a quality improvement initiative in primary care medical groups, we sought to determine whether the quality of care for falls and fear of falling in outpatients aged 75 and older could be accurately measured solely from codable (non-free-text) data in a structured visit note. A traditional medical record review by trained abstractors served as...

David A Ganz, Md; Shone Almeida, Md; Carol P Roth, Rn; David B Reuben, Md; Neil S Wenger, Md

2012-01-01

297

Eclampsia: Repercusión materna y perinatal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de eclampsia y su repercusión materna y perinatal en el Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología. Departamento Clínico Integral de la Costa. Universidad de Carabobo. Hospital “Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara” Puerto Cabello. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, longitudinal y analítico de 40 casos con diagnóstico de eclampsia en 31 532 nacimientos en un período de 10 años: 1998 - 2007. Resultados: La incidencia fue de 0,13 %, 1 caso por cada 788 nacimientos. Predominó el grupo etario de 10 - 19 años (52,5 %, concubinas 60 %, grado de instrucción primaria (60 %. Prevaleció el antecedente familiar de hipertensión en la madre (25 %, el antecedente personal de preeclampsia en embarazo anterior (12,5 %. Los principales signos y síntomas fueron: hiperreflexia (65 %, cefalea (50 %, escotomas y amaurosis (20 %. La primera convulsión se presentó ante-parto (75 %. Sin control de embarazo (55.%. Destacaron las I gestas (72,5 %, edad de embarazo 37-41 semanas (50 %, tipo de parto: cesárea (85.%. En los resultados perinatales prevaleció: neonatos deprimidos (52,5 %, peso neonatal entre 2.500-3.499 g (50 %, con morbilidad de 30,55 %, la mayoría debido a síndrome de dificultad respiratoria. La mortalidad fetal fue de 9,09 % y la mortalidad neonatal 9,09 %. Morbilidad materna fue de 53,84 %, asociada: síndrome Hellp (23,07 %, insuficiencia renal aguda (7,69 %, desprendimiento prematuro de placenta (7,69 %; hubo una muerte materna (2,5 %. Conclusión: Es importante que todas las mujeres embarazadas reciban atención médica continua y oportuna, lo cual permite el diagnóstico y tratamiento temprano de afecciones como la pre-eclampsia y eclampsia, esta última es una de las mayores emergencias obstétricas; esta revisión revela una vez más que contribuye decididamente a la morbi-mortalidad materna y perinatal. Implica una asistencia precoz e intensiva para disminuir sus repercusiones.Objective: To determine the incidence of eclampsia and maternal and perinatal impact en el Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecologia, Hospital “Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara”, Departamento Clínico Integral de la Costa, Universidad de Carabobo. Puerto Cabello. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective, longitudinal and analytical diagnosis of 40 cases in 31 532 births eclampsia over a period of 10 years from 1998 to 2007. Results: The incidence was 0.13 %, 1 case per 788 births. The predominant age group of 10 - 19 years (52.5 %, concubines 60 %, primary education level (60 %. The prevailing family history of hypertension in the mother (25 %, personal history of preeclampsia in previous pregnancy (12.5 %. The main signs and symptoms were hyperreflexia (65 %, headache (50 %, scotoma and amaurosis (20 %. The first seizure came before delivery (75 %. Without birth control (55 %. First gravity (72.5 %, gestational age 37-41 weeks (50 %, type of delivery: cesarean section (85 %. Prevailed in perinatal outcomes: depressed neonates (52.5 %, birth weight between 2 500-3 499 g (50 %, with morbidity of 30.55 %, mostly due to respiratory distress syndrome. Fetal mortality was 9.09 % and 9.09 % neonatal mortality. Maternal morbidity was 53.84 %, associated: HELLP syndrome (23.07 %, acute renal failure (7.69 %, abruption (7.69 % there was one maternal death (2.5 % . Conclusion: It is important that all pregnant women receive ongoing and timely medical care, allowing early diagnosis and treatment of conditions such as pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, the latter is a major obstetric emergencies, this review reveals once again that contributes decisively to the morbidity and maternal and perinatal mortality. It involves an early and intensive support to reduce their impact.

Marianela Rivas

2012-03-01

298

Eclampsia: Repercusión materna y perinatal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de eclampsia y su repercusión materna y perinatal en el Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología. Departamento Clínico Integral de la Costa. Universidad de Carabobo. Hospital “Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara” Puerto Cabello. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, lon [...] gitudinal y analítico de 40 casos con diagnóstico de eclampsia en 31 532 nacimientos en un período de 10 años: 1998 - 2007. Resultados: La incidencia fue de 0,13 %, 1 caso por cada 788 nacimientos. Predominó el grupo etario de 10 - 19 años (52,5 %), concubinas 60 %, grado de instrucción primaria (60 %). Prevaleció el antecedente familiar de hipertensión en la madre (25 %), el antecedente personal de preeclampsia en embarazo anterior (12,5 %). Los principales signos y síntomas fueron: hiperreflexia (65 %), cefalea (50 %), escotomas y amaurosis (20 %). La primera convulsión se presentó ante-parto (75 %). Sin control de embarazo (55.%). Destacaron las I gestas (72,5 %), edad de embarazo 37-41 semanas (50 %), tipo de parto: cesárea (85.%). En los resultados perinatales prevaleció: neonatos deprimidos (52,5 %), peso neonatal entre 2.500-3.499 g (50 %), con morbilidad de 30,55 %, la mayoría debido a síndrome de dificultad respiratoria. La mortalidad fetal fue de 9,09 % y la mortalidad neonatal 9,09 %. Morbilidad materna fue de 53,84 %, asociada: síndrome Hellp (23,07 %), insuficiencia renal aguda (7,69 %), desprendimiento prematuro de placenta (7,69 %); hubo una muerte materna (2,5 %). Conclusión: Es importante que todas las mujeres embarazadas reciban atención médica continua y oportuna, lo cual permite el diagnóstico y tratamiento temprano de afecciones como la pre-eclampsia y eclampsia, esta última es una de las mayores emergencias obstétricas; esta revisión revela una vez más que contribuye decididamente a la morbi-mortalidad materna y perinatal. Implica una asistencia precoz e intensiva para disminuir sus repercusiones. Abstract in english Objective: To determine the incidence of eclampsia and maternal and perinatal impact en el Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecologia, Hospital “Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara”, Departamento Clínico Integral de la Costa, Universidad de Carabobo. Puerto Cabello. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective, longitud [...] inal and analytical diagnosis of 40 cases in 31 532 births eclampsia over a period of 10 years from 1998 to 2007. Results: The incidence was 0.13 %, 1 case per 788 births. The predominant age group of 10 - 19 years (52.5 %), concubines 60 %, primary education level (60 %). The prevailing family history of hypertension in the mother (25 %), personal history of preeclampsia in previous pregnancy (12.5 %). The main signs and symptoms were hyperreflexia (65 %), headache (50 %), scotoma and amaurosis (20 %). The first seizure came before delivery (75 %). Without birth control (55 %). First gravity (72.5 %), gestational age 37-41 weeks (50 %), type of delivery: cesarean section (85 %). Prevailed in perinatal outcomes: depressed neonates (52.5 %), birth weight between 2 500-3 499 g (50 %), with morbidity of 30.55 %, mostly due to respiratory distress syndrome. Fetal mortality was 9.09 % and 9.09 % neonatal mortality. Maternal morbidity was 53.84 %, associated: HELLP syndrome (23.07 %), acute renal failure (7.69 %), abruption (7.69 %) there was one maternal death (2.5 % ). Conclusion: It is important that all pregnant women receive ongoing and timely medical care, allowing early diagnosis and treatment of conditions such as pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, the latter is a major obstetric emergencies, this review reveals once again that contributes decisively to the morbidity and maternal and perinatal mortality. It involves an early and intensive support to reduce their impact.

Marianela, Rivas; Pedro, Faneite; Guillermina, Salazar.

2012-03-01

299

Eclampsia: Repercusión materna y perinatal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de eclampsia y su repercusión materna y perinatal en el Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología. Departamento Clínico Integral de la Costa. Universidad de Carabobo. Hospital “Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara” Puerto Cabello. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, lon [...] gitudinal y analítico de 40 casos con diagnóstico de eclampsia en 31 532 nacimientos en un período de 10 años: 1998 - 2007. Resultados: La incidencia fue de 0,13 %, 1 caso por cada 788 nacimientos. Predominó el grupo etario de 10 - 19 años (52,5 %), concubinas 60 %, grado de instrucción primaria (60 %). Prevaleció el antecedente familiar de hipertensión en la madre (25 %), el antecedente personal de preeclampsia en embarazo anterior (12,5 %). Los principales signos y síntomas fueron: hiperreflexia (65 %), cefalea (50 %), escotomas y amaurosis (20 %). La primera convulsión se presentó ante-parto (75 %). Sin control de embarazo (55.%). Destacaron las I gestas (72,5 %), edad de embarazo 37-41 semanas (50 %), tipo de parto: cesárea (85.%). En los resultados perinatales prevaleció: neonatos deprimidos (52,5 %), peso neonatal entre 2.500-3.499 g (50 %), con morbilidad de 30,55 %, la mayoría debido a síndrome de dificultad respiratoria. La mortalidad fetal fue de 9,09 % y la mortalidad neonatal 9,09 %. Morbilidad materna fue de 53,84 %, asociada: síndrome Hellp (23,07 %), insuficiencia renal aguda (7,69 %), desprendimiento prematuro de placenta (7,69 %); hubo una muerte materna (2,5 %). Conclusión: Es importante que todas las mujeres embarazadas reciban atención médica continua y oportuna, lo cual permite el diagnóstico y tratamiento temprano de afecciones como la pre-eclampsia y eclampsia, esta última es una de las mayores emergencias obstétricas; esta revisión revela una vez más que contribuye decididamente a la morbi-mortalidad materna y perinatal. Implica una asistencia precoz e intensiva para disminuir sus repercusiones. Abstract in english Objective: To determine the incidence of eclampsia and maternal and perinatal impact en el Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecologia, Hospital “Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara”, Departamento Clínico Integral de la Costa, Universidad de Carabobo. Puerto Cabello. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective, longitud [...] inal and analytical diagnosis of 40 cases in 31 532 births eclampsia over a period of 10 years from 1998 to 2007. Results: The incidence was 0.13 %, 1 case per 788 births. The predominant age group of 10 - 19 years (52.5 %), concubines 60 %, primary education level (60 %). The prevailing family history of hypertension in the mother (25 %), personal history of preeclampsia in previous pregnancy (12.5 %). The main signs and symptoms were hyperreflexia (65 %), headache (50 %), scotoma and amaurosis (20 %). The first seizure came before delivery (75 %). Without birth control (55 %). First gravity (72.5 %), gestational age 37-41 weeks (50 %), type of delivery: cesarean section (85 %). Prevailed in perinatal outcomes: depressed neonates (52.5 %), birth weight between 2 500-3 499 g (50 %), with morbidity of 30.55 %, mostly due to respiratory distress syndrome. Fetal mortality was 9.09 % and 9.09 % neonatal mortality. Maternal morbidity was 53.84 %, associated: HELLP syndrome (23.07 %), acute renal failure (7.69 %), abruption (7.69 %) there was one maternal death (2.5 % ). Conclusion: It is important that all pregnant women receive ongoing and timely medical care, allowing early diagnosis and treatment of conditions such as pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, the latter is a major obstetric emergencies, this review reveals once again that contributes decisively to the morbidity and maternal and perinatal mortality. It involves an early and intensive support to reduce their impact.

Marianela, Rivas; Pedro, Faneite; Guillermina, Salazar.

300

The knowledge and attitudes of traditional birth attendants towards HIV/AIDS and their beliefs related to perinatal care: a study conducted in KwaZulu Natal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Traditional birth attendants (TBAs are still mainly being utilized in the rural areas even in the presence of the formal health care facilities. Studies reveal that the utilization of TBAs is beneficial in some other contexts with some support and supervision from the western health sector. In order to develop further training for TBAs the researchers deemed it necessary to assess their knowledge, attitudes and beliefs related to HIV/AIDS, prenatal care, delivery and postnatal care.

G.G. Mchunu

2004-09-01

 
 
 
 
301

Child Health USA 2013: Barriers to Prenatal Care  

Science.gov (United States)

... and Reader's Guide Introduction Perinatal Health Status Indicators Perinatal Risk Factors and Behaviors Health Services Utilization Programs and Policies Health Services Utilization > Barriers to Prenatal Care Barriers to Prenatal Care Narrative Early and adequate ...

302

A staff training and management intervention in VA long-term care: impact on feeding assistance care quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Efforts to translate efficacious interventions into long-term care practice have had limited success due to the lack of consideration of key translational intervention components. A multi-faceted intervention was implemented in two veteran affairs facilities to improve feeding assistance care. There were three study phases: baseline, intervention, and follow-up. During each phase, trained research staff conducted standardized observations of 12 meals/participant to assess feeding assistance care quality. The staff received three initial training sessions followed by six consecutive weeks of feedback sessions wherein the observation-based care process measures were shared with the staff. There were significant, but modest, improvements in mealtime feeding assistance care processes, and most of the improvements were maintained during follow-up. A multi-faceted intervention resulted in significant, but modest, improvements in mealtime feeding assistance care quality. Organizational (staff schedules, communication) and environmental (dining location) barriers were identified that interfered with improvement efforts. PMID:24073169

Simmons, Sandra F; Durkin, Daniel W; Shotwell, Matthew S; Erwin, Scott; Schnelle, John F

2013-06-01

303

Structured chronic primary care and health-related quality of life in chronic heart failure  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Structured care is proposed as a lever for improving care for patients with chronic conditions. The purpose of this study was to explore the associations of structured care characteristics, derived from the Chronic Care Model, with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and optimal clinical management in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients in primary care, as well as the association between optimal management and HRQOL. Methods Cross-section...

Schers Henk; Akkermans Reinier; Grol Richard; van der Weijden Trudy; Bosch Marije; Niessen Louis; Wensing Michel

2009-01-01

304

Quality assurance of radiotherapy in cancer treatment: toward improvement of patient safety and quality of care.  

Science.gov (United States)

The process of radiotherapy (RT) is complex and involves understanding of the principles of medical physics, radiobiology, radiation safety, dosimetry, radiation treatment planning, simulation and interaction of radiation with other treatment modalities. Each step in the integrated process of RT needs quality control and quality assurance (QA) to prevent errors and to give high confidence that patients will receive the prescribed treatment correctly. Recent advances in RT, including intensity-modulated and image-guided RT, focus on the need for a systematic RTQA program that balances patient safety and quality with available resources. It is necessary to develop more formal error mitigation and process analysis methods, such as failure mode and effect analysis, to focus available QA resources optimally on process components. External audit programs are also effective. The International Atomic Energy Agency has operated both an on-site and off-site postal dosimetry audit to improve practice and to assure the dose from RT equipment. Several countries have adopted a similar approach for national clinical auditing. In addition, clinical trial QA has a significant role in enhancing the quality of care. The Advanced Technology Consortium has pioneered the development of an infrastructure and QA method for advanced technology clinical trials, including credentialing and individual case review. These activities have an impact not only on the treatment received by patients enrolled in clinical trials, but also on the quality of treatment administered to all patients treated in each institution, and have been adopted globally; by the USA, Europe and Japan also. PMID:18952706

Ishikura, Satoshi

2008-11-01

305

Child Health USA 2013: Postpartum Visit and Well-Baby Care  

Science.gov (United States)

... and Reader's Guide Introduction Perinatal Health Status Indicators Perinatal Risk Factors and Behaviors Health Services Utilization Programs and Policies Health Services Utilization > Postpartum Visit and Well-Baby Care Postpartum Visit and Well-Baby Care Narrative Care ...

306

Quality of health care in inflammatory bowel disease and its assessment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available SUMMARY Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD are consistently high users of health care services. They need continuous medication, frequent follow up visits, while their life expectancy is normal. One major parameter, which creeps into the assessment of quality of care, is organization of health care system. However, relatively little research exists on the characteristics and the organization of an ideal health care system which will effectively satisfy the needs of the chronically ill patient. Regarding money spent on chronic illnesses in terms of societal costs, IBD is less costly than, for example, coronary diseases, since loss of work hours, disability, or early death are less common. In terms of pure economic costs, IBD patients can be more costly than other chronic patients depending on age of disease onset and severity of illness. Crohn?s disease patients consider cost aspects as an important element of quality more than ulcerative colitis patients do. Standard framework for the assessment of quality of care remains Donabedian?s approach according to the Structure-Process-Outcome characterization. Lack of information is associated with more disease related worries and concerns of patients and, accordingly, with decreased quality of life. Finally, the patient ?s perception about high quality health care and his/ her satisfaction as a ?consumer? of health care services are extremely important issues for assessing quality of health care. Key words: Inflammatory bowel disease, Ulcerative colitis, Crohn?s disease, care, quality of care, health services, health system, patient?s satisfaction

I.A. Mouzas A.G. Pallis,

2007-03-01

307

Chronic care model strategies in the United States and Germany deliver patient-centered, high-quality diabetes care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Improving the quality of care for chronic diseases is an important issue for most health care systems in industrialized nations. One widely adopted approach is the Chronic Care Model (CCM), which was first developed in the late 1990s. In this article we present the results from two large surveys in the United States and Germany that report patients' experiences in different models of patient-centered diabetes care, compared to the experiences of patients who received routine diabetes care in the same systems. The study populations were enrolled in either Geisinger Health System in Pennsylvania or Barmer, a German sickness fund that provides medical insurance nationwide. Our findings suggest that patients with type 2 diabetes who were enrolled in the care models that exhibited key features of the CCM were more likely to receive care that was patient-centered, high quality, and collaborative, compared to patients who received routine care. This study demonstrates that quality improvement can be realized through the application of the Chronic Care Model, regardless of the setting or distinct characteristics of the program. PMID:25201658

Stock, Stephanie; Pitcavage, James M; Simic, Dusan; Altin, Sibel; Graf, Christian; Feng, Wen; Graf, Thomas R

2014-09-01

308

Congenital cytomegalovirus infection in a neonatal intensive care unit in Brazil evaluated by PCR and association with perinatal aspects Infecção congênita pelo citomegalovírus em unidade neonatal de alto risco de um hospital universitário no Brasil: prevalência avaliada pela PCR e associação com alguns aspectos perinatais  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common congenital infection, affecting 0.4% to 2.3% newborns. Most of them are asymptomatic at birth, but later 10% develop handicaps, mainly neurological disturbances. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of CMV shed in urine of newborns from a neonatal intensive care unit using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and correlate positive cases to some perinatal aspects. Urine samples obtained at first week of life were processed according to a PC...

Santos, Daniel Vi?tor V.; Souza, Maria Margarida R.; Gonc?alves, Se?rgio Henrique L.; Cotta, Ana Cristina S.; Melo, Lorenza A. O.; Andrade, Gla?ucia M. Q.; Brasileiro-filho, Geraldo

2000-01-01

309

Using a summary measure for multiple quality indicators in primary care: the Summary QUality InDex (SQUID  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Assessing the quality of primary care is becoming a priority in national healthcare agendas. Audit and feedback on healthcare quality performance indicators can help improve the quality of care provided. In some instances, fewer numbers of more comprehensive indicators may be preferable. This paper describes the use of the Summary Quality Index (SQUID in tracking quality of care among patients and primary care practices that use an electronic medical record (EMR. All practices are part of the Practice Partner Research Network, representing over 100 ambulatory care practices throughout the United States. Methods The SQUID is comprised of 36 process and outcome measures, all of which are obtained from the EMR. This paper describes algorithms for the SQUID calculations, various statistical properties, and use of the SQUID within the context of a multi-practice quality improvement (QI project. Results At any given time point, the patient-level SQUID reflects the proportion of recommended care received, while the practice-level SQUID reflects the average proportion of recommended care received by that practice's patients. Using quarterly reports, practice- and patient-level SQUIDs are provided routinely to practices within the network. The SQUID is responsive, exhibiting highly significant (p Conclusion The SQUID algorithm is feasible and straightforward, and provides a useful QI tool. Its statistical properties and clear interpretation make it appealing to providers, health plans, and researchers.

Nemeth Lynne S

2007-04-01

310

Audit of perinatal mortality at SSMCHRC-(Rural teaching hospital a retrospective study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To estimate magnitude, determinants of perinatal mortality and suggest remedial measures for its reduction. Background: Perinatal mortality is mirror reflection of maternal and child health and socioeconomic environment of community. It is influenced by various medicosocial preventable causes. It can be reduced by improving maternal and child health services and by health education. Methods: A retrospective hospital based study of perinatal deaths among 2333 deliveries was conducted from June 2008 to June 2010 in our hospital. Fetomaternal factors like maternal age, religion, residence, parity, mode of delivery, booking status, antenatal complications, baby’s sex, birth weight, congenital anomalies, neonatal complications influencing perinatal mortality rate were tabulated and analyzed. Cause of perinatal death was assessed. Results: perinatal mortality rate was 127.4/1000 total births. Maternal factors like age more than 35 years, muslim religion, inadequate antenatal care, primiparity, grand multiparity, induced deliveries and neonatal factors like low birth weight, prematurity were associated with increased perinatal mortality. The leading cause of stillbirth was antepartum hemorrhage and prematurity for neonatal mortality. Conclusion: Apart from clinical causes high perinatal mortality was due to poverty, illiteracy, lack of health awareness, inadequate antenatal care and delayed referral. Health education, identification of high risk mothers, timely referral, advanced life support of preterm neonates should significantly help to reduce perinatal deaths.

M.S. Kokila

2013-04-01

311

Age and gender as predictors of allied health quality stroke care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Julie A Luker1, Julie Bernhardt2, Karen A Grimmer-Somers11International Centre for Allied Health Evidence, University of South Australia Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; 2School of Physiotherapy, La Trobe University Melbourne, Victoria, Australia and Stroke Division, Florey Neurosciences Institutes Heidelberg Heights, Melbourne, Victoria, AustraliaBackground: Improvement in acute stroke care requires the identification of variables which may influence care quality. The nature and impact of demographic and stroke-related variables on care quality provided by allied health (AH professionals is unknown.Aims: Our research explores the association of age and gender on an index of acute stroke care quality provided by AH professionals.Methods: A retrospective clinical audit of 300 acute stroke patients extracted data on AH care, patients' age and gender. AH care quality was determined by the summed compliance with 20 predetermined process indicators. Our analysis explored relationships between this index of quality, age, and gender. Age was considered in different ways (as a continuous variable, and in different categories. It was correlated with care quality, using gender-specific linear and logistic regression models. Gender was then considered as a confounder in an overall model.Results: No significant association was found for any treatment of age and the index of AH care quality. There were no differences in gender-specific models, and gender did not significantly adjust the age association with care quality.Conclusion: Age and gender were not predictors of the quality of care provided to acute stroke patients by AH professionals.Keywords: acute stroke, allied health, quality of care, age, gender

Luker JA

2011-07-01

312

Vermont STep Ahead Recognition System: QRS Profile. The Child Care Quality Rating System (QRS) Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a profile of Vermont's STep Ahead Recognition System (STARS) prepared as part of the Child Care Quality Rating System (QRS) Assessment Study. The profile consists of several sections and their corresponding descriptions including: (1) Program Information; (2) Rating Details; (3) Quality Indicators for All Child Care Programs;…

Child Trends, 2010

2010-01-01

313

Parental Child Care Selection Criteria and Program Quality in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Communities.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study of 127 families and 50 child care facilities in 17 Missouri communities found that criteria for selecting child care were similar for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan parents; parents were more concerned with quality child care and caregiver "warmth" than with practical considerations; but ratings on caregiver warmth did not predict…

Ispa, Jean M.; Thornburg, Kathy R.; Venter-Barkley, Janet

1998-01-01

314

45 CFR 98.51 - Activities to improve the quality of child care.  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds...the quality of child care. (a) No less...comprehensive consumer education to parents and the public...availability of child care, including, but not...in health and safety, nutrition, first aid, the...

2010-10-01

315

eHealth, care and quality of life  

CERN Document Server

The debate over eHealth is alive as never before. Supporters suggest that it will result in dramatic innovations in healthcare, including a giant leap towards patient-centered care, new opportunities to improve effectiveness, and enhanced wellness and quality of life. In addition, the growing market value of investments in health IT suggests that eHealth can offer at least a partial cure for the current economic stagnation. Detractors counter these arguments by claiming that eHealth has already failed: the UK Department of Health has shut down the NHS National Program for IT, Google has discontinued its Health flagship, and doubts have arisen over privacy safeguards for both patients and medical professionals. This book briefly explains why caregivers, professionals, technicians, patients, politicians, and others should all consider themselves stakeholders in eHealth. It offers myth-busting responses to some ill-considered arguments from both sides of the trench, in the process allowing a fresh look at eHeal...

Capello, Fabio; Manca, Marco

2014-01-01

316

Corioamnionitis: Repercusión perinatal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar en las gestantes complicadas con corioamnionitis las características, factores maternos y las repercusiones maternas y perinatales. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, epidemiológico y analítico. Ambiente: Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología, Hospital "Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara", Universidad de Carabobo, Puerto Cabello, Estado Carabobo. Resultados: En las 44 pacientes las características maternas que predominaron fueron: residentes en barrios (45,45 %, solteras y concubinas (77,27 %, edad materna 20-24 años (40,91 % y antecedente personal hipertensión (20,45 %. El diagnóstico de ingreso destacó la rotura prematura de membranas 50 % e infección uro-vaginal 13,6 %; eran multigestas 50,0 %, y en 52,28 % la edad del embarazo fue de 36 semanas y menos, en 84,08 % hubo conducción-inducción del trabajo de parto, terminaron en cesárea 45,45 %. Factores de riesgo: múltiples tactos (4 y más 40,9 % y tiempo entre rotura de membranas e inicio de trabajo de parto mayor de 12 horas 18,44 %. El diagnóstico se hizo por la clínica y laboratorio; tratadas con antibióticos en su totalidad, acompañadas por oxitócicos 68,18 %. Recién nacidos de sexo femeninos 48,84 %, peso entre 3 000- 3 499 g 31,31 % y tallas 45-49 cm 28,89 %; índice Apgar 6 o menos 28,94 %. La morbilidad perinatal neonatal fue 39,47 %, especialmente por sepsis y patología respiratoria; la morbilidad materna 56,81 %, por sepsis y anemia; la perinatal global 28,88 %, la fetal 15,55 % y la neonatal 13,13 %. Conclusión: La corioamninitis se relacionó con múltiples tactos intraparto, el tiempo de rotura prematura de membranas al inicio del parto y las infecciones uro-vaginales; sus repercusiones revelaron elevadas cifras de morbimortalidad perinatal por sepsis y deficiencias respiratorias, también alta morbilidad materna. Todo señala a implementar programas preventivos y mejorar la atención materno-neonatal.Objective: To study the pregnant women complicated with chorioamnionitis, knowing its impact, identify characteristics and factors related maternal and establish maternal and perinatal impact. Methods: Observational, descriptive, retrospective, epidemiological and analytical study of 44 pregnant women complicated with chorioamnionitis, which occurred during the period 2005-2009. Setting: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital "Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara ", Universidad de Carabobo, Puerto Cabello, Estado Carabobo. Results: Maternal characteristics were predominant in patients living in urban region (45.45 %, single and concubines (77.27 %, maternal age between 20-24 years (40.91 % and personal history hypertension (20.45 %. In obstetrical situation, first admission diagnosis of premature rupture of membranes 50 % and infection urology and vaginal 13.6 %, were multiparous 50 %, with 52.28 % of gestational age 36 weeks and less, in 84.08 % were induction-conduction of labor, ending 45.45 % cesarean. Outstanding risk factors, vaginal digital exam (4 and more 40.9 %, exam gynecology and time between rupture of membranes at the onset of labor more than 12 hours 18.44 %, diagnosis was mainly clinical and laboratory, were treated with antibiotics in its entirety accompanied by oxytocic 68.18 %. The neonates were 48.84 % female, weighing between 3 000 and 3 499 g, 31.31 % and 28.89 % height 45-49 cm, Apgar Index 6 or less 28.94 %. Neonatal perinatal morbidity was 39.47 %, represented especially by sepsis and respiratory disease, maternal morbidity 56.81 %, given by sepsis and anemia in various forms, the overall perinatal mortality 28.88 %, fetal mortality 15.55 %, neonatal mortality 13.13 %, was decisive sepsis and prematurity in all these deaths. Conclusion: The chorioamnionitis related to exam gynecology, premature rupture of membranes at the start time delivery and urology and vaginal infections; its impact revealed high numbers of perinatal morbidity and mortality from sepsis and respiratory impairment, also high maternal morbidity.

Pedro Faneite

2010-12-01

317

Quality of stroke care at an Irish Regional General Hospital and Stroke Rehabilitation Unit.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND: Robust international data support the effectiveness of stroke unit (SU) care. Despite this, most stroke care in Ireland are provided outside of this setting. Limited data currently exist on the quality of care provided. AIM: The aim of this study is to examine the quality of care for patients with stroke in two care settings-Regional General Hospital (RGH) and Stroke Rehabilitation Unit (SRU). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the stroke records of consecutive patients admitted to the SRU between May-November 2002 and April-November 2004 was performed applying the UK National Sentinel Audit of Stroke (NSAS) tool. RESULTS: The results of the study reveal that while SRU processes of care was 74% compliant with standards; compliance with stroke service organisational standards was only 15 and 43% in the RGH and SRU, respectively. CONCLUSION: The quality of stroke care in our area is deficient. Comprehensive reorganisation of stroke services is imperative.

Walsh, T

2012-01-31

318

Assuring the quality of long-term care insurance benefits through care management: the California partnership for long-term care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite recent improvements in long-term care insurance (LTCI) policies, concerns have been raised regarding just how well LTCI benefits actually meet elderly consumers' health and financial needs. In this case study, we examined the quality assurance (QA) provisions in a state-sponsored LTCI program, the California Partnership for Long-Term Care (CPLTC). CPLTC invests the primary responsibility for QA with care management networks, which assure quality services through care monitoring, quarterly service record reviews, and annual documentation of care manager clinical competence. Study findings suggest a number of limitations in existing QA policies and procedures, which can undermine the ability of care managers and other third parties to identify and rectify potential unmet needs among LTCI policyholders. These findings, while based on an intensive analysis of QA provisions in a particular, state-sponsored LTCI program, are likely to have implications for other LTCI programs and policies, most of which have less well-developed QA provisions. PMID:16219593

Scharlach, Andrew; Dal Santo, Teresa S; Mills-Dick, Kelly

2005-01-01

319

The relationship of bedside nurses' emotional intelligence with quality of care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Emotional intelligence, a predictor of productivity and success, may impact behaviors responsible for quality of care. This study examined if emotional intelligence of units' bedside nurses is related to the quality of care delivered to the patients. In this study, emotional intelligence was found to be correlated to the number of Clostridium difficile infections, MRSA infections, patient falls with injury, and pressure ulcer screenings (P < .001) in the inpatient acute care setting. PMID:24356579

Adams, Kelly L; Iseler, Jackeline I

2014-01-01

320

Comparison of case note review methods for evaluating quality and safety in health care  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objectives: To determine which of two methods of case note review – holistic (implicit) and criterion-based (explicit) – provides the most useful and reliable information for quality and safety of care, and the level of agreement within and between groups of health-care professionals when they use the two methods to review the same record. To explore the process–outcome relationship between holistic and criterion-based quality-of-care measures and hospital-level outcome indicators. © 2...

Hutchinson, A.; Coster, J. E.; Cooper, K. L.; Mcintosh, A.; Walters, S. J.; Bath, P. A.; Pearson, M.; Young, T. A.; Rantell, K.; Campbell, M. J.; Ratcliffe, J.

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

38 CFR 52.120 - Quality of care.  

Science.gov (United States)

... Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) PER...FOR ADULT DAY HEALTH CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE HOMES Standards...and Extended Care Strategic Healthcare Group (114), within...

2010-07-01

322

42 CFR 483.25 - Quality of care.  

Science.gov (United States)

...assessment and plan of care. (a) Activities...services to maintain good nutrition, grooming, and personal...prevent accidents. (i) Nutrition. Based on a resident's...proper treatment and care for the following special...representative receives education regarding the...

2010-10-01

323

Quality indicators in intensive care medicine: why? Use or burden for the intensivist  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In order to improve quality (of therapy, one has to know, evaluate and make transparent, one’s own daily processes. This process of reflection can be supported by the presentation of key data or indicators, in which the real as-is state can be represented. Quality indicators are required in order to depict the as-is state. Quality indicators reflect adherence to specific quality measures. Continuing registration of an indicator is useless once it becomes irrelevant or adherence is 100%.In the field of intensive care medicine, studies of quality indicators have been performed in some countries. Quality indicators relevant for medical quality and outcome in critically ill patients have been identified by following standardized approaches. Different German societies of intensive care medicine have finally agreed on 10 core quality indicators that will be valid for two years and are currently recommended in German intensive care units (ICUs.

Waydhas, Christian

2010-01-01

324

Midwifery and quality care: findings from a new evidence-informed framework for maternal and newborn care.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this first paper in a series of four papers on midwifery, we aimed to examine, comprehensively and systematically, the contribution midwifery can make to the quality of care of women and infants globally, and the role of midwives and others in providing midwifery care. Drawing on international definitions and current practice, we mapped the scope of midwifery. We then developed a framework for quality maternal and newborn care using a mixed-methods approach including synthesis of findings from systematic reviews of women's views and experiences, effective practices, and maternal and newborn care providers. The framework differentiates between what care is provided and how and by whom it is provided, and describes the care and services that childbearing women and newborn infants need in all settings. We identified more than 50 short-term, medium-term, and long-term outcomes that could be improved by care within the scope of midwifery; reduced maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity, reduced stillbirth and preterm birth, decreased number of unnecessary interventions, and improved psychosocial and public health outcomes. Midwifery was associated with more efficient use of resources and improved outcomes when provided by midwives who were educated, trained, licensed, and regulated. Our findings support a system-level shift from maternal and newborn care focused on identification and treatment of pathology for the minority to skilled care for all. This change includes preventive and supportive care that works to strengthen women's capabilities in the context of respectful relationships, is tailored to their needs, focuses on promotion of normal reproductive processes, and in which first-line management of complications and accessible emergency treatment are provided when needed. Midwifery is pivotal to this approach, which requires effective interdisciplinary teamwork and integration across facility and community settings. Future planning for maternal and newborn care systems can benefit from using the quality framework in planning workforce development and resource allocation. PMID:24965816

Renfrew, Mary J; McFadden, Alison; Bastos, Maria Helena; Campbell, James; Channon, Andrew Amos; Cheung, Ngai Fen; Silva, Deborah Rachel Audebert Delage; Downe, Soo; Kennedy, Holly Powell; Malata, Address; McCormick, Felicia; Wick, Laura; Declercq, Eugene

2014-09-20

325

38 CFR 51.120 - Quality of care.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Office of Geriatrics and Extended Care (114) within 24 hours of notification...been able to adequately eat or take fluids alone or with assistance...receive proper treatment and care for the following special services...ureterostomy, or ileostomy care; (4) Tracheostomy...

2010-07-01

326

Venous leg ulcer patient priorities and quality of care: results of a survey  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A comprehensive patient evaluation of quality of care encompasses assessment and patient-rated prioritization of the various provisions of care. One hundred consecutive venous leg ulcer patients treated in a multidisciplinary wound healing center were invited to participate in a cross-sectional study to assess the quality of and assign priority to 28 aspects of medical technical, interpersonal, and organizational care. The response rate to the mailed questionnaire and follow-up telephone survey was 80%. Almost half (46%) of patients (median age 76 years, range 30 to 92) had an ulcer history of >5 years. Seventy-three patients (91%) were satisfied with the overall quality of care. A linear relationship was observed between average assessment score and the relative importance of the quality aspects studied. The quality of medical technical care and empathy aspects of interpersonal care received the most positive assessments and were given highest priority. Next in importance were the quality and coherence of information provided and cooperation between different healthcare sectors. Organizational aspects of care were less positively assessed and received lower priority ratings. Venous leg ulcer care, as provided in a multidisciplinary wound healing center, was assessed as satisfactory by patients, but areas for improvement - notably, cooperation between healthcare sectors and continuity of care - were observed.

Kjaer, Monica Linda; Mainz, Jan

2004-01-01

327

Quality of life and persisting symptoms in intensive care unit survivors: implications for care after discharge  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background We assessed the quality of life of ICU survivors using SF-36 at 4 months after ICU discharge and investigated any correlation of PCS and MCS with age, illness severity and hospital or ICU length of stay. We examined the relationship between these variables, persisting physical and psychological symptoms and the perceived benefit of individual patients of follow-up. Findings For one year, adult patients admitted for multiple organ or advanced respiratory support for greater than 48 hours to a 16-bedded teaching hospital general intensive care unit were identified. Those surviving to discharge were sent a questionnaire at 4 months following ICU discharge assessing quality of life and persisting symptoms. Demographic, length of stay and illness severity data were recorded. Higher or lower scores were divided at the median value. A two-tailed Students t-test assuming equal variances was used for normally-distributed data and Mann-Whitney tests for non-parametric data. 87 of 175 questionnaires were returned (50%, but only 65 had sufficient data giving a final response rate of 37%. Elderly patients had increased MCS as compared with younger patients. The PCS was inversely related to hospital LOS. There was a significant correlation between the presence of psychological and physical symptoms and desire for follow-up. Conclusion Younger age and prolonged hospital stay are associated with lower mental or physical quality of life and may be targets for rehabilitation. Patients with persisting symptoms at 4 months view follow-up as beneficial and a simple screening questionnaire may identify those likely to attend outpatient services.

Dorsett Joanna

2009-08-01

328

Quality assurance of radiotherapy in cancer treatment. Toward improvement of patient safety and quality of care  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The process of radiotherapy (RT) is complex and involves understanding of the principles of medical physics, radiobiology, radiation safety, dosimetry, radiation treatment planning, simulation and interaction of radiation with other treatment modalities. Each step in the integrated process of RT needs quality control and quality assurance (QA) to prevent errors and to give high confidence that patients will receive the prescribed treatment correctly. Recent advances in RT, including intensity-modulated and image-guided RT, focus on the need for a systematic RTQA program that balances patient safety and quality with available resources. It is necessary to develop more formal error mitigation and process analysis methods, such as failure mode and effect analysis, to focus available QA resources optimally on process components. External audit programs are also effective. The International Atomic Energy Agency has operated both an on-site and off-site postal dosimetry audit to improve practice and to assure the dose from RT equipment. Several countries have adopted a similar approach for national clinical auditing. In addition, clinical trial QA has a significant role in enhancing the quality of care. The Advanced Technology Consortium has pioneered the development of an infrastructure and QA method for advanced technology clinical trials, including credentialing and individual case review. These activities have an impact not only on the treatment received by patients enr on the treatment received by patients enrolled in clinical trials, but also on the quality of treatment administered to all patients treated in each institution, and have been adopted globally; by the USA, Europe and Japan also. (author)

329

Comparative analysis of quality assurance in health care delivery and higher medical education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Jamiu O BusariDepartment of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The NetherlandsAbstract: Quality assurance (QA in higher medical education involves the development, sustenance, improvement, and evaluation of the standard of training of medical professionals. In health care delivery, QA focuses on guaranteeing and maintaining a high standard of the service provided in different health care systems. When the service delivered by the care provider is in accordance with what the recipients of health care expect, then quality in health care is considered to be present. There are several factors in higher medical education and health care that are responsible for the emergence of QA. These include externally imposed obligations requiring demonstration of public accountability and responsibility from educational institutions, as well as the need for activity-specific information by policy makers as an aid for important decision-making within educational institutions. In health care delivery on the other hand, the emergence of QA is linked to the need for containing rising health care costs in the face of limited resources and to guaranteeing high quality patient care in a changing health care environment where the power relationship between doctors and patients is shifting towards patients. Although medical education can be regarded as a distinct entity in the health care industry, it still remains an inherent part of the health care delivery system. As a result, different strategies aimed at guaranteeing and assuring high standards of health care and education in many countries tend to overlap. This paper reflects on whether quality assurance in health care delivery and medical education should be seen as separate entities.Keywords: quality assurance, health care, higher medical education

Busari JO

2012-12-01

330

[Development of new systems for monitoring the quality of stroke care in community].  

Science.gov (United States)

Stroke patients receive acute care and a variable period of rehabilitation in community hospitals. Some patients also receive long-term care in nursing homes. Quality assessment of each hospital and nursing home does not necessarily reflect quality of total stroke care providing in the community. Clinical indicators representing total stroke care are needed for the continuous improvement of stroke care. In several countries, measurement of quality of stroke care had recently been started. Since 1998, National Sentinel Stroke Audit had been performed every two years using simple 12 clinical indicators in England. In 2000, a nation-wide audit system named "Nationale Indikator Projekt Apopleksi" was developed in Denmark. In 2006, the quality indicator board of the German Stroke Registers Group published indicators for measuring quality of acute stroke care. In 2007, the first issue of the National Sentinel Stoke Audit was published in Australia. Clinical indicators must be meaningful, valid, and evidence-based. Inter-rater reliability, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability should be tested to serve as a useful marker of healthcare quality in the community. It is urgently need to develop adequate indicators for measuring quality of stroke care in Japan. PMID:19198111

Hasegawa, Yasuhiro

2008-11-01

331

[Effects of functional differentiation within home care on the quality of care--from the client's viewpoint].  

Science.gov (United States)

In home care nursing work is redesigned by differentiated practice (= skill mix) and specialization. The aim of this redesign is efficient use of staff, and maintenance or improvement of quality of care. In this article the effects of differentiated practice and specialization are studied in respect of quality of care. The perspective of the client was taken as the starting point. Quality of care was defined as the discrepancy between clients' expectations and perceptions of several aspects of care. The effects of work redesign were determined on the basis of a comparison between an experimental (n = 103) and a control group (n = 108). Data-analysis showed hardly any differences. Possible explanations are the premature status of the projects and the fact that clients are usually (very) satisfied. The margin in which differences between the experimental and the control group should occur is therefore very small. However, by means of this approach a detailed picture can be obtained of the subjective standard clients use to judge the quality of care. PMID:9376931

Jansen, P G; Kerkstra, A; van der Zee, J; Huijer Abu-Saad, H; Abrahamse, H

1997-05-01

332

Research in action: using positive deviance to improve quality of health care  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Despite decades of efforts to improve quality of health care, poor performance persists in many aspects of care. Less than 1% of the enormous national investment in medical research is focused on improving health care delivery. Furthermore, when effective innovations in clinical care are discovered, uptake of these innovations is often delayed and incomplete. In this paper, we build on the established principle of 'positive deviance' to propose an approach...

Nembhard Ingrid M; Rowe Laura; Ramanadhan Shoba; Curry Leslie A; Bradley Elizabeth H; Krumholz Harlan M

2009-01-01

333

Risk factors for perinatal asphyxia at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Malawi.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the study was to identify maternal risk factors for perinatal asphyxia in Malawi. Records of 100 mothers who delivered neonates with Apgar scores less than 6 at 5 minutes of birth during March to September 1998 were analyzed. The majority of the mothers were primigravidas (79%) and were within the normal childbearing ages of 20 to 34 years (61.2%). Sixty-one percent of the mothers started antenatal care at 20 to 28 weeks' gestation. Sixty-five percent of the mothers developed obstetric and medical problems that contributed to perinatal asphyxia, and of these, 12 mothers (18.5%) had more than one problem. The problems were premature labor and delivery (21%), preeclampsia (10%), cephalopelvic disproportion (8%), breech presentation (12%), prolonged second stage (11%), fetal distress (7%), cord prolapse (4%), antepartum hemorrhage (2%), prolonged rupture of membranes (1%), and malaria (1%). Forty-six percent had assisted deliveries, and these were cesarean section (18%), vacuum extraction (14%), breech delivery (12%), and forceps delivery (2%). Eighty-one percent of the neonates were admitted to the neonatal nursery, and of these, 56 neonates (67.1%) developed complications; the most common was hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (38 neonates; 67.9%). Thirty-three percent of the neonates died within 6 days postdelivery. Morbidity and mortality related to perinatal asphyxia can be reduced if staff are knowledgeable and skilled in basic neonatal resuscitation and necessary equipment is available. Mothers should be encouraged to report early for antepartum and intrapartum care for adequate surveillance. The quality of neonatal care, with a focus on thermoregulation and infection prevention, needs to be improved. PMID:11271118

Mbweza, E

2000-05-01

334

Assessment of users’ expectations, perceived quality and satisfaction with primary care in Greece  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim: To explore users’ expectations, their perceived quality and their satisfaction with primary care services an anonymous questionnaire has been administered to a sample of 212 users.Background: Patient satisfaction with quality of primary care is a dominant concept in quality assurance and quality improvement programs.Methods: It has been used the Expectations-Perceived Quality-Satisfaction with Primary Care Services Scale (E-PQ-SPCSS that was developed and validated in this study. Data were analysed using SPSS, version 18.Results: The overall satisfaction with the primary care services was 97.2%, with the medical care provided was 95.3% and with nursing care was 92.5%. Nursing care was provided to 126 (59.4% users. These users were more satisfied (p<0.0001 with global nursing care provided (4.52±0.70 than those who were not provided a nursing care intervention (3.53±1.73. Age correlated with global satisfaction with primary care (r=0.315, p<0.001 with medical (r=0.194, p<0.001 and nursing care (r=0.183, p<0.001 as well as with expectations totalscore (r=0.295, p<0.001, perceived quality of care total score (r=0.366, p<0.001 and satisfaction with care total score (r=0.207, p=0.002. Based on Cattell’s visual scree plot, four factors accounting for 64.34% of the item covariance were extracted and rotated through factor analysis (nurse’s technical and interpersonal competence, physician’s interpersonal competence, physician’s technical competence and structure characteristics.Conclusions: The psychometric properties of the E-PQ-SPCSS were good enough indicating that the scales are reliable and adequate for group comparisons.

Vasilios Raftopoulos

2010-01-01

335

Efectos de un programa de mejoramiento de la calidad en servicios materno perinatales en el Peru: la experiencia del proyecto 2000 Effects of a continuous quality improvement program in maternal and perinatal health services in Peru: the experience of Project 2000  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: comparar la calidad de los servicios de salud materno perinatales (SMP de los establecimientos participantes en un programa de mejora de calidad (PMC y compararlos con un grupo control; evaluar comparativamente los conocimientos y actitudes de usuarias de servicios de salud materna; y determinar la contribución del PMC en los niveles de calidad. MÉTODOS: fue implementado un PMC en 74 establecimientos de salud seleccionados para mejorar la calidad. Se desarrolló un cuasiexperimento controlado en 74 hospitales, centros de salud y establecimientos periféricos. El análisis de la calidad de los SMP se realizó mediante comparación de promedios de escalas centesimales; los conocimientos y actitudes de las usuarias mediante análisis bivariado; y la predicción del nivel de calidad a través de análisis multivariado. RESULTADOS: al final de la intervención, la puntuación de los establecimientos con PMC tuvo un promedio de 61,8 puntos y de 37,5 en el grupo de comparación, (p OBJECTIVES: to compare the quality of the maternal-perinatal health services (MPHS between health facilities with a continuos quality improvement (CQI and those without such program; to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of the users of maternal health services; to determine the contribution of the CQI on the level of quality. METHODS: it was conducted a CQI program in 74 selected health facilities from Perú (1996-2000 for improved the quality of MPHS. A controlled, quasiexperimental study in facilities health (hospital, health centers and peripheral facilities was conducted. The quality of care was measured by scores of the MPHS by comparing averages; the knowledge and attitudes of users by bivariate analysis, and the prediction of the quality level was studied through multivariate analysis. RESULTS: at the end of the intervention, CQI facilities score was 61,8 points and of 37,5 in the comparison group, (p <0,001. The average of obstetrical warms signs knowledge was greater in CQI facilities (3,6 signs/interviewed versus 2,5 in comparison facilities users, (p <0,05. The intention of institutional childbirth was two times greater among users of CQI facilities, (p = 0,038. The main predictions factors of quality were the CQI intervention and the availability of health professionals. CONCLUSIONS: the level quality is greater in the participant health facilities (with CQI. The users of these facilities had more knowledge of warning signs and better attitude towards the institutional delivery. The CQI has contributed to those achievements.

Juan A. Seclen-Palacín

2003-12-01

336

Enfermedad hemolítica perinatal Perinatal hemolytic disease  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La enfermedad hemolítica perinatal (EHPN es una afección inmunológica aloinmune contra antígenos de origen paterno presentes en los hematíes fetales y del recién nacido. Se han reportado numerosos aloanticuerpos dirigidos contra antígenos eritrocitarios como causa de la EHPN, más frecuentemente los del sistema ABO y Rh. La EHPN por el sistema Rh (EHPN-Rh suele ser severa, en particular por el antígeno D. Es muy común encontrar el anti-D asociado con otros anticuerpos Rh (C, E, de título menor. El anticuerpo anti-c por sí solo puede producir EHPN severa. Los avances en la prevención de la inmunización por el antígeno D han disminuido la incidencia de esta enfermedad. La EHPN por ABO (EHPN-ABO ha sido siempre más frecuente, pero su relación con muerte fetal o neonatal es menor que la de la EHPN-Rh. En este tipo de EHPN los anticuerpos están preformados. Las subclases de IgG, predominantes en esta enfermedad son las IgG1 y las IgG3. A la luz de los conocimientos actuales, el diagnóstico de esta enfermedad puede efectuarse precozmente, es posible incluso hacerlo antes del nacimiento e indicar la transfusión fetal intrauterina como método de salvamento de los fetos con hematócritos (Hto menores o iguales al 30 %. En los recién nacidos se emplean la fototerapia y la exanguinotransfusión para disminuir los niveles séricos de bilirrubina producida por la hemólisis y evitar el kerníctero. Siempre que se sospeche la enfermedad deberá actuarse con rapidez y precisar los anticuerpos involucrados, para de esta forma disminuir su incidencia y morbimortalidadThe perinatal hemolytic disease (PHD is an alloimmune immunological affection against those antigens of paternal origin that are present in the erythrocytes of the fetus and the newborn infant. Several alloantibodies directed against erythrocytic antigens have been reported as the cause of PHD. The most frequently reported are those of the ABO and Rh systems. The PHD caused by the Rh system is usually severe, particularly that produced by the antigen D. It is very common to find the anti-D associated with other Rh antibodies (C,E, of lower titer.The anti-c antibody may produce severe PHD by itself. The advances in the prevention of immunization by D antigen have reduced the incidende of this disease. The PHD caused by ABO has always been more frequent, but its relationship with fetal or neonatal death is lower than that of PHD-Rh. In this type of PHD the antibodies are preformed. The IgG subclasses predominating in this disease are IgG1 and IgG3. In the light of the present knowledge, the diagnosis of this disease may be made early. It is possible to make it even before birth and to indicate the intrauterine fetal transfusion as a method for saving the fetuses with hematocrites lower or equal to 30%. The phototherapy and the exchange transfusion are used among the newborn infants to reduce the serum levels of bilirubin produced by hemolysis and to prevent kernicterus. As long as the disease is suspected it is necessary to act quickly and to determine the involved antibodies in order to reduce its incidence and morbimortality

María del Rosario López de Roux

2000-12-01

337

Perinatal Risk Factors for Strabismus  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background: Little is known about the etiologic factors underlying strabismus. We undertook a large cohort study to investigate perinatal risk factors for strabismus, overall and by subtype. Methods: Orthoptists reviewed ophthalmologic records for Danish National Birth Cohort children examined for strabismus in hospital ophthalmology departments or by ophthalmologists in private practice. Information on perinatal characteristics was obtained from national registers. We ...

2010-01-01

338

Quality standards for child and adolescent mental health in primary care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Child and adolescent mental health problems are common in primary healthcare settings. However, few parents of children with mental health problems express concerns about these problems during consultations. Based on parental views, we aimed to create quality of care measures for child and adolescent mental health in primary care and develop consensus about the importance of these quality standards within primary care. Methods Quality Standards were developed using an iterative approach involving four phases: 1 34 parents with concerns about their child’s emotional health or behaviour were recruited from a range of community settings including primary care practices to participate in focus group discussions, followed by validation groups or interviews. 2 Preliminary Quality Standards were generated that fully represented the parents’ experiences and were refined following feedback from an expert parent nominal group. 3 55 experts, including parents and representatives from voluntary organisations, across five panels participated in a modified two-stage Delphi study to develop consensus on the importance of the Quality Standards. The panels comprised general practitioners, other community-based professionals, child and adolescent psychiatrists, other child and adolescent mental health professionals and public health and policy specialists. 4 The final set of Quality Standards was piloted with 52 parents in primary care. Results In the Delphi process, all five panels agreed that 10 of 31 Quality Standards were important. Although four panels rated 25–27 statements as important, the general practitioner panel rated 12 as important. The final 10 Quality Standards reflected healthcare domains involving access, confidentiality for young people, practitioner knowledge, communication, continuity of care, and referral to other services. Parents in primary care agreed that all 10 statements were important. Conclusions It is feasible to develop a set of Quality Standards to assess mental healthcare provision for children and adolescents seen within primary healthcare services. Primary care practitioners should be aware of parental perspectives about quality of care as these may influence help-seeking behaviours.

Sayal Kapil

2012-06-01

339

Incarceration, maternal hardship, and perinatal health behaviors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Parental incarceration is associated with mental and physical health problems in children, yet little research directly tests mechanisms through which parental incarceration could imperil child health. We hypothesized that the incarceration of a woman or her romantic partner in the year before birth constituted an additional hardship for already-disadvantaged women, and that these additionally vulnerable women were less likely to engage in positive perinatal health behaviors important to infant and early childhood development. We analyzed 2006-2010 data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment and Monitoring System to assess the association between incarceration in the year prior to the birth of a child and perinatal maternal hardships and behaviors. Women reporting incarceration of themselves or their partners in the year before birth of a child had .86 the odds (95 % CI .78-.95) of beginning prenatal care in the first trimester compared to women not reporting incarceration. They were nearly twice as likely to report partner abuse and were significantly more likely to rely on WIC and/or Medicaid for assistance during pregnancy. These associations persist after controlling for socioeconomic measures and other stressors, including homelessness and job loss. Incarceration of a woman or her partner in the year before birth is associated with higher odds of maternal hardship and poorer perinatal health behaviors. The unprecedented scale of incarceration in the US simultaneously presents an underutilized public health opportunity and constitutes a social determinant of health that may contribute to disparities in early childhood development. PMID:24615355

Dumont, Dora M; Wildeman, Christopher; Lee, Hedwig; Gjelsvik, Annie; Valera, Pamela; Clarke, Jennifer G

2014-11-01

340

Multimorbidity and quality of preventive care in swiss university primary care cohorts  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: Caring for patients with multimorbidity is common for generalists, although such patients are often excluded from clinical trials, and thus such trials lack of generalizability. Data on the association between multimorbidity and preventive care are limited. We aimed to assess whether comorbidity number, severity and type were associated with preventive care among patients receiving care in Swiss University primary care settings. METHODS: We examined a retrospective cohort compo...

Streit, Sven; Da Costa, Bruno R.; Bauer, Douglas C.; Collet, Tinh-hai; Weiler, Stefan; Zimmerli, Lukas; Frey, Peter; Cornuz, Jacques; Gaspoz, Jean-michel; Battegay, Edouard; Kerr, Eve; Aujesky, Drahomir; Rodondi, Nicolas

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

Using the Quality-Caring Model to organize patient care delivery.  

Science.gov (United States)

The organization of patient care in many acute care institutions lacks a foundation in nursing theory, yet preliminary evidence of the value of professional nursing care is increasing. The process and preliminary benefits of organizing patient care according to a professional practice model are presented using a collaborative partnership between an acute care organization and a school of nursing. A pilot implementation plan with formative and summative evaluation provided preliminary evidence used in project expansion. PMID:18090517

Duffy, Joanne R; Baldwin, Jennifer; Mastorovich, Mary Jane

2007-12-01

342

The impact of competition on quality and prices in the English care homes market  

Science.gov (United States)

This study assesses the impact of competition on quality and price in the English care/nursing homes market. Considering the key institutional features, we use a theoretical model to assess the conditions under which further competition could increase or reduce quality. A dataset comprising the population of 10,000 care homes was used. We constructed distance/travel-time weighted competition measures. Instrumental variable estimations, used to account for the endogeneity of competition, showed quality and price were reduced by greater competition. Further analyses suggested that the negative quality effect worked through the effect on price – higher competition reduces revenue which pushes down quality. PMID:24487075

Forder, Julien; Allan, Stephen

2014-01-01

343

Use of the balanced scorecard to improve the quality of behavioral health care.  

Science.gov (United States)

As the debate over managed care continues, measuring quality has increasingly become a focus in health care. One approach to measuring quality is the use of a scorecard, which summarizes a critical set of indicators that measure the quality of care. The author describes the Balanced Scorecard (BSC), a tool developed for use in businesses to implement strategic plans for meeting an organization's objectives, and shows how the BSC can be adapted for use in behavioral health care.