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Clinical characteristics of sarcoidosis patients diagnosed in a university hospital  

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Full Text Available Objectives: The clinical characteristics and treatment resultsof patients diagnosed with sarcoidosis was investigatedin Dicle University Medical Faculty Hospital.Materials and methods: A total of 39 patients were includeddiagnosed with sarcoidosis between 01 January2008 and31 December 2011.Demographic data, laboratoryfindings, spirometric test data, diagnostic methodsand treatment regimens for the study were recorded form.According to pulmonary function test results of patients,61.5% were normal pattern, 30.8% were restrictive patternand 7.7% were obstructive pattern.Results: Of the 39 patients 15.4% male, 84.6% werefemale. The mean age was 39.5±13.1 years for males,females 44.8±14.0 years. All patients of was 17.9%stage 1, 66.7% stage 2, 10.3% stage 3 and 5.1% stage4. 61.5% were symptomatic, 38.5% were asymptomatic.Methods of diagnosis of the patients examined, 25.6% ofpatients bronchoscopic biopsy procedures, 74.4% of patientssurgical biopsy procedures. Of the 56.4% patientshad received corticosteroid treatment, 5.1% patients hadreceived corticosteroid + methotrexate treatment, 38.5%were followed up without the pharmacological treatment.Pharmacological treatment in the group complete at thetime of the study 20.5% concluded the treatment of theperson. Patients who treatment ending 8.4 months hadused pharmacological treatment.Conclusions: Interstitial lung diseases which are prevalentamong patients with sarcoidosis diagnosed by examiningthe clinical features, differential diagnosis and treatmentmay be possible detection of potential problems. JClin Exp Invest 2012; 3 (3: 363-367Key words: Sarcoidosis diagnosis, treatment

Özlem Abakay

2012-09-01

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Clinical prognosis of patients with diagnosed chronic solvent intoxication  

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The clinical symptoms and signs of 80 patients with chronic organic solvent intoxication were evaluated after 3-9 years (mean 5.8 years) of follow-up. Thirty-one of the patients had slight clinical neurological signs at the time of diagnosis while the rest of the patients had only neurophysiological or psychological disturbances. The most common subjective symptoms were headache, tiredness and memory disturbances. Of the clinical signs, disturbances occurred frequently in cerebellar functions, gait and station and fine motorics. In addition, psycho-organic alteration and neurasthenic signs were often found. After the follow-up clinical signs of impairment in the nervous system were present in 42 cases. At the group level, the subjective symptoms decreased during the follow-up but the objective clinical signs increased and worsened. Only the prognosis of disturbances in gait and station correlated with the duration and intensity of exposure. The present results emphasize the great difficulties arising in occupational neurology regarding chronic organic solvent intoxications. No clear-cut clinical picture exists and reliable estimation of prognosis in general cannot be made on the basis of the present knowledge.

Juntunen, J.; Antti-Poika, M.; Tola, S.; Partanen, T.

1982-05-01

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New clinical score to diagnose nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in obese patients  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD is the most frequent disease associated with abnormal liver tests that is characterized by a wide spectrum of liver damage, ranging from simple macro vesicular steatosis to steatohepatitis (NASH, cirrhosis or liver carcinoma. Liver biopsy is the most precise test to differentiate NASH from other stages of NAFLD, but it is an invasive and expensive method. This study aimed to create a clinical laboratory score capable of identify individual with NASH in severely obese patients submitted to bariatric surgery. Methods The medical records from 66 patients submitted to gastroplasty were reviewed. Their chemistry profile, abdominal ultrasound (US and liver biopsy done during the surgical procedure were analyzed. Patients were classified into 2 groups according to liver biopsy: Non-NASH group - those patients without NAFLD or with grade I, II or III steatosis; and NASH group - those with steatohepatitis or fibrosis. The t-test was used to compare each variable with normal distribution between NASH and Non-NASH groups. When comparing proportions of categorical variables, we used chi-square or z-test, where appropriate. A p-value Results 83% of patients with obesity grades II or III showed NAFLD, and the majority was asymptomatic. Total Cholesterol (TC?200 mg/dL, alanine aminotransferase (ALT ?30, AST/ALT ratio (AAR? 1, gammaglutaril-transferase (?GT?30 U/L and abdominal US, compatible with steatosis, showed association with NASH group. We proposed 2 scores: Complete score (TC, ALT, AAR, ?GT and US and the simplified score, where US was not included. The combination of biochemical and imaging results improved accuracy to 84.4% the recognition of NASH (sensitivity 70%, specificity 88.6%, NPV 91.2%, PPV 63. 6%. Conclusion Alterations in TC, ALT, AAR, ?GT and US are related to the most risk for NASH. The combination of biochemical and imaging results improved accuracy to 84.4% the recognition of NASH. Additionally, negative final scores exclude the presence of an advanced illness. Using this score, the severity of fatty liver infiltration would be predicted without the risks associated with hepatic biopsy.

Pulzi Fernanda BU

2011-02-01

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Determinants of sexual dysfunction among clinically diagnosed diabetic patients  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that can result in various medical, psychological and sexual dysfunctions (SD) if not properly managed. SD in men is a common under-appreciated complication of diabetes. This study assessed the prevalence and determinants of SD among diabetic patients in Tema, Greater Accra Region of Ghana. Method Sexual functioning was determined in 300 consecutive diabetic men (age range: 18-82 years) visiting the diabetic clinic of Tema General Hospital with the Golombok Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS) questionnaire, between November, 2010 and March, 2011. In addition to the socio-demographic characteristics of the participants, the level of glycosylated haemoglobin, fasting blood sugar (FBS) and serum testosterone were assessed. All the men had a steady heterosexual relationship for at least 2 years before enrolment in the study. Results Out the 300 participants contacted, the response rate was 91.3% after 20 declined participation and 6 incomplete data were excluded All the respondents had at least basic education, 97.4% were married, 65.3% were known hypertensive, 3.3% smoked cigarettes, 27% took alcoholic beverages and 32.8% did some form of exercise. The 69.3% SD rate observed in this study appears to be related to infrequency (79.2%), non-sensuality (74.5%), dissatisfaction with sexual acts (71.9%), non-communication (70.8%) and impotence (67.9%). Other areas of sexual function, including premature ejaculation (56.6%) and avoidance (42.7%) were also substantially affected. However, severe SD was seen in only 4.7% of the studied population. The perceived "adequate", "desirable", "too short" and "too long intra-vaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) are 5-10, 5-10, 1-2 and 15-30 minutes respectively. Testosterone correlates negatively with glycated haemoglobin (HBA1c), FBS, perceived desirable, too short IELT, and weight as well as waist circumference. Conclusion SD rate from this study is high but similar to that reported among self-reported diabetic patients in Kumasi, Ghana and vary according to the condition and age. The determinants of SD from this study are income level, exercise, obesity, higher perception of "desirable" and "too short" IELT.

2011-01-01

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New clinical score to diagnose nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in obese patients  

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Abstract Background Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most frequent disease associated with abnormal liver tests that is characterized by a wide spectrum of liver damage, ranging from simple macro vesicular steatosis to steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis or liver carcinoma. Liver biopsy is the most precise test to differentiate NASH from other stages of NAFLD, but it is an invasive and expensive method. This study aimed to create a clinical laboratory score capab...

Bu, Pulzi Fernanda; Cisternas Raul; Melo Murilo R; Mf, Ribeiro Cristiane; Malheiros Carlos A; Salles João E

2011-01-01

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Reliability of clinical ICD-10 diagnoses among electroconvulsive therapy patients with chronic affective disorders  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background and Objectives: Diagnostic reliability is of major concern both to clinicians and researchers. The aim has been to investigate the trustworthiness of clinical ICD-10 affective disorder diagnoses for research purpose. Methods: 150 ECT patients with chronic affective disorders were investigated. A standardized schema for basic anamnesis and the Operational Criteria Checklist for Psychotic and Affective Illness (OPCRIT) were used. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of clinical affective disorder ICD-10 diagnoses and the formal agreement between clinical ICD-10, OPCRIT ICD-10 and DSM-IV diagnoses were determined using unweighted K-statistics. Results: The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the clinical bipolar diagnoses was 0.55, 0.75, 0.42 and 0.84, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the clinical unipolar diagnoses was 0.79, 0.55, 0.77 and 0.58, respectively. The agreement between clinical ICD-10 and OPCRIT ICD-10 bipolar vs. non-bipolar diagnoses was low, K = 0.28. The agreement between clinical ICD-10 and OPCRIT ICD-10 unipolar vs. non-unipolar diagnoses was low, K = 0.35. The agreement between OPCRIT ICD-10 and DSM-IV diagnoses, on bipolar vs. non-bipolar disorders was high, K = 0.91, and the agreement on unipolar vs. non-unipolar disorders was fairly high, K = 0.78. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the reliability of clinical ICD-10 diagnoses of affective disorders from chronic subjects with a history of ECT is problematic despite sample homogeneity on basic clinical, demographic and epidemiological parameters Udgivelsesdato: 2008

Jakobsen, Klaus Damgaard; Hansen, Thomas Folkmann

2008-01-01

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Clinical characteristics and outcome of patients diagnosed with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: a 5-year review.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this article was to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients diagnosed with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients diagnosed with PNES in a 5-year period. RESULTS: Fifty patients with PNES were identified, giving an estimated incidence of 0.91\\/100,000 per annum. Thirty-eight were included for review, 15 of whom were male (39%). Eighteen patients had been diagnosed with epilepsy as well as PNES (47%). We demonstrated a gender difference in our patients, with males having higher seizure frequencies, more antiepileptic drug use, and a longer interval before diagnosis of PNES. Females were diagnosed with other conversion disorders more often than males. Impaired social function was observed in PNES, as was resistance to psychological interventions with a subsequent poor response to treatments. CONCLUSIONS: PNES remains a difficult condition to treat, and may affect males in proportions higher than those described in previous studies.

O'Sullivan, S S

2012-02-03

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Diagnoses of patients referring to a child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic  

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Objective: The aim of the present study is to identify the diagnoses of patients who referred to a child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic. Method: Medical records of 538 patients referred to the Children and Adolescent Psychiatry outpatient clinic at Gulhane Military Medical School, between January 2009 and June 2009 were studied retrospectively. Results: It was found that the patients were mostly male and within 7 to 18 years of age. It was also determined that three quarters of p...

?brahim Durukan; Dursun Karaman; Koray Kara; Türker Türker; Ali Evren Tufan; Özhan Yalç?n; Koray Karabekiro?lu

2011-01-01

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A nomogram to predict Gleason sum upgrading of clinically diagnosed localized prostate cancer among Chinese patients  

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Full Text Available Although several models have been developed to predict the probability of Gleason sum upgrading between biopsy and radical prostatectomy specimens, most of these models are restricted to prostate-specific antigen screening-detected prostate cancer. This study aimed to build a nomogram for the prediction of Gleason sum upgrading in clinically diagnosed prostate cancer. The study cohort comprised 269 Chinese prostate cancer patients who underwent prostate biopsy with a minimum of 10 cores and were subsequently treated with radical prostatectomy. Of all included patients, 220 (81.8% were referred with clinical symptoms. The prostate-specific antigen level, primary and secondary biopsy Gleason scores, and clinical T category were used in a multivariate logistic regression model to predict the probability of Gleason sum upgrading. The developed nomogram was validated internally. Gleason sum upgrading was observed in 90 (33.5% patients. Our nomogram showed a bootstrap-corrected concordance index of 0.789 and good calibration using 4 readily available variables. The nomogram also demonstrated satisfactory statistical performance for predicting significant upgrading. External validation of the nomogram published by Chun et al. in our cohort showed a marked discordance between the observed and predicted probabilities of Gleason sum upgrading. In summary, a new nomogram to predict Gleason sum upgrading in clinically diagnosed prostate cancer was developed, and it demonstrated good statistical performance upon internal validation.

Jin-You Wang

2014-05-01

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Agreement between diagnoses reached by clinical examination and available reference standards: a prospective study of 216 patients with lumbopelvic pain  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The tissue origin of low back pain (LBP or referred lower extremity symptoms (LES may be identified in about 70% of cases using advanced imaging, discography and facet or sacroiliac joint blocks. These techniques are invasive and availability varies. A clinical examination is non-invasive and widely available but its validity is questioned. Diagnostic studies usually examine single tests in relation to single reference standards, yet in clinical practice, clinicians use multiple tests and select from a range of possible diagnoses. There is a need for studies that evaluate the diagnostic performance of clinical diagnoses against available reference standards. Methods We compared blinded clinical diagnoses with diagnoses based on available reference standards for known causes of LBP or LES such as discography, facet, sacroiliac or hip joint blocks, epidurals injections, advanced imaging studies or any combination of these tests. A prospective, blinded validity design was employed. Physiotherapists examined consecutive patients with chronic lumbopelvic pain and/or referred LES scheduled to receive the reference standard examinations. When diagnoses were in complete agreement regardless of complexity, "exact" agreement was recorded. When the clinical diagnosis was included within the reference standard diagnoses, "clinical agreement" was recorded. The proportional chance criterion (PCC statistic was used to estimate agreement on multiple diagnostic possibilities because it accounts for the prevalence of individual categories in the sample. The kappa statistic was used to estimate agreement on six pathoanatomic diagnoses. Results In a sample of chronic LBP patients (n = 216 with high levels of disability and distress, 67% received a patho-anatomic diagnosis based on available reference standards, and 10% had more than one tissue origin of pain identified. For 27 diagnostic categories and combinations, chance clinical agreement (PCC was estimated at 13%. "Exact" agreement between clinical and reference standard diagnoses was 32% and "clinical agreement" 51%. For six pathoanatomic categories (disc, facet joint, sacroiliac joint, hip joint, nerve root and spinal stenosis, PCC was 33% with actual agreement 56%. There was no overlap of 95% confidence intervals on any comparison. Diagnostic agreement on the six most common patho-anatomic categories produced a kappa of 0.31. Conclusion Clinical diagnoses agree with reference standards diagnoses more often than chance. Using available reference standards, most patients can have a tissue source of pain identified.

Tropp Hans

2005-06-01

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Incidence and clinical characteristics of lower urinary tract symptoms as a presenting symptom for patients with newly diagnosed bladder cancer  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english PurposeThe incidence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) as the sole presenting symptom for bladder cancer has traditionally been reported to be low. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of newly diagnosed bladder cancer patients who presented wi [...] th LUTS in the absence of gross or microscopic hematuria.Materials and MethodsWe queried our database of bladder cancer patients at the Atlanta Veteran’s Affairs Medical Center (AVAMC) to identify patients who presented solely with LUTS and were subsequently diagnosed with bladder cancer. Demographic, clinical, and pathologic variables were examined.Results4.1% (14/340) of bladder cancer patients in our series presented solely with LUTS. Mean age and Charlson Co-morbidity Index of these patients was 66.4 years (range = 52-83) and 3 (range = 0-7), respectively. Of the 14 patients in our cohort presenting with LUTS, 9 (64.3%), 4 (28.6%), and 1 (7.1%) patients presented with clinical stage Ta, carcinoma in Situ (CIS), and T2 disease. At a median follow-up of 3.79 years, recurrence occurred in 7 (50.0%) patients with progression occurring in 1 (7.1%) patient. 11 (78.6%) patients were alive and currently disease free, and 3 (21.4%) patients had died, with only one (7.1%) death attributable to bladder cancer.ConclusionsOur database shows a 4.1% incidence of LUTS as the sole presenting symptom in patients with newly diagnosed bladder cancer. This study suggests that urologists should have a low threshold for evaluating patients with unexplained LUTS for underlying bladder cancer.

Ryan W., Dobbs; Lee A., Hugar; Louis M., Revenig; Usama, Al-Qassab; John A., Petros; Chad W., Ritenour; Muta M., Issa; Daniel J., Canter.

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Registration of symptoms and diagnoses in patients of a Belarussian-Dutch outpatient clinic in Gomel, October 1991 - September 1993  

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The results of a survey of the medical consumption of 4,500 patients at the Belarussian-Dutch Outpatient Clinic in Gomel during 1991-1993 are presented and discussed. Analysis of the patient registration data was focused on complaints related to possible enhanced radiation exposure of the patients since the reactor incident at Chernobyl in 1986. The pattern of complaints and diagnoses was comparable to the situation in a Dutch outpatient clinic, except for a higher number of goitre, gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers. Diagnoses that could be attributed to increased radiation exposure were not enhanced compared to the pattern in a Dutch population of similar size, except for a higher number of thyroid disease. 19 refs.

Van Oostrum, I.E.A.; Svalkoul, T.J.F. [National Poison Control Centre, RIVM, Bilthoven (Netherlands); Joore, J.C.A. [Department of Intensive Care and Clinical Toxicology, AZU, Utrecht (Netherlands); Volkova, G.V.; Savkova, M.I.; Derzhitski, V.E. [Gomel Regional Specialized Dispensary, Gomel (Belarus); Bootsma, P.A. [Bureau for International Cooperation, RIVM, Bilthoven (Netherlands)

1995-09-01

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[Clinical diagnoses of pediatric patients without detectable auditory brainstem response (ABR)].  

Science.gov (United States)

One hundred and forty-seven out of 1,600 infants and children showed no detectable ABR. ABRs were evoked by clicks. As to hearing acuity, 121 out of 147 patients had sensorineural hearing loss and 19 had no hearing impairment of high frequency (3-4 kHz) and high sound intensity (85-90 dBnHL). Eight patients could not be diagnosed whether they had hearing impairment or not. Among 19 patients who did not have sensorineural hearing loss in those ranges described above, 5 patients had cerebral palsy with severe mental retardation, 4 had mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, 3 had degenerative disease of unknown etiology, 2 patients had Down syndrome, 1 was a low birth weight infant with respiratory distress syndrome, 1 was a neonate born to a diabetic mother, 1 experienced severe neonatal asphyxia, 1 patient had acute lymphoblastic leukemia and 1 infant was later confirmed as a healthy girl. Of these, four patients showed transiently negative response in ABR. Nine patients remained undiagnosed as to hearing because they were in deep coma, had profound brain damage, or died in early neonatal period. They had major neurological diseases: severe neonatal asphyxia, holoprocencephaly, microcephaly, degenerative diseases of the central nervous system of unknown origin, metachromatic leukodystrophy, trisomy of chromosome 18, anoxic encephalopathy, small for gestational age newborn with intracranial bleeding and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus. When ABR cannot be recorded using high sound intensity clicks, it usually suggests presence of hearing impairment of high frequency range. However, there are patients who have no hearing impairment in those sounds.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2803811

Kaga, M; Tanaka, Y; Takamizawa, M; Naitoh, H; Nihei, K

1989-11-01

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Correlation between self-reported and clinically based diagnoses of bruxism in temporomandibular disorders patients.  

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The present investigation was performed in a population of patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD), and it was designed to assess the correlation between self-reported questionnaire-based bruxism diagnosis and a diagnosis based on history taking plus clinical examination. One-hundred-fifty-nine patients with TMD underwent an assessment including a questionnaire investigating five bruxism-related items (i.e. sleep grinding, sleep grinding referral by bed partner, sleep clenching, awake clenching, awake grinding) and an interview (i.e. oral history taking with specific focus on bruxism habits) plus a clinical examination to evaluate bruxism signs and symptoms. The correlation between findings of the questionnaire, viz., patients' report, and findings of the interview/oral history taking plus clinical examination, viz., clinicians' diagnosis, was assessed by means of ? coefficient. The highest correlations were achieved for the sleep grinding referral item (? = 0·932) and for the awake clenching item (? = 0·811), whilst lower correlation values were found for the other items (? values ranging from 0·363 to 0·641). The percentage of disagreement between the two diagnostic approaches ranged between 1·8% and 18·2%. Within the limits of the present investigation, it can be suggested that a strong positive correlation between a self-reported and a clinically based approach to bruxism diagnosis can be achieved as for awake clenching, whilst lower levels of correlation were detected for sleep-time activities. PMID:24112029

Paesani, D A; Lobbezoo, F; Gelos, C; Guarda-Nardini, L; Ahlberg, J; Manfredini, D

2013-11-01

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Effect of meconium ileus on the clinical prognosis of patients with cystic fibrosis diagnosed at younger than 12 months  

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Full Text Available Aim: Meconium ileus (MI is an early clue to the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (CF and it occurs in about 15-20% of CF patients. To determine the possible prognostic factors in patients with cystic fibrosis with and without MI.Material and Method: The sample consisted of 214 patients with CF diagnosed at younger than 12 months admitted to the pediatric pulmonology unit over a period of 18 years between January 1987 to December 2005. 22 patients presented with MI (MI group, 192 patients had non MI (nonMI group. Demographic, clinical, nutritional and laboratory data were obtained. Results: There were 11 female, 11 male patients in MI group, 85 female and 107 male patients in nonMI group. A statistically significant difference was not observed between the groups studied regarding the following variables: BMI, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonisations, mutation types, respiratory functions assesed by FEV1, lung findings. Pseudo-Bartter’s syndrome and progression to bronchiectasis were detected higher in nonMI group statistically. Conclusions: There is no prognostic difference between two groups when these patients are diagnosed early and followed-up by a multidisciplinary action and a collective treatment approach. The results of the present study suggest that meconium ileus is not an indication of a more severe phenotype of cystic fibrosis. (Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45: 105-10

Sevgi Pekcan

2010-05-01

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Evaluation of efficacy and clinical impact of FDG-PET 27 patients with surgery of newly diagnosed colorectal cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to assess the potential clinical benefit of positron emission tomography (PET) with Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in patients with colorectal cancer. A total of 27 patients with surgery of newly diagnosed colorectal cancer who were examined preoperatively by FDG-PET between July 2002 and December 2004 were retrospectively analyzed in this study. FDG-PET detected 89% of primary tumors. FDG-PET depicted lymph node metastases in 4 of 9 patients (sensitivity, 44%) and true-negative in 17 of 18 patients (specificity, 94%). FDG-PET depicted liver metastases in 3 of 3 patients (sensitivity, 100%) and true-negative in 22 of 24 patients (specificity, 91%). A comparison of the FDG uptake and the clinicopathologic findings showed that there was no significant association between FDG uptake and the macro finding type, the depth of invasion and histological type. Five of 8 cases with a preoperative diagnosis as lymph-node negative were diagnosed histologically as lymph-node positive, in which the tumor was less than 10 mm in maximum horizontal size, so its size can be a significant factor. FDG-PET can serve as a valuable tool for detecting primary lesions with preoperative colorectal cancer. (author)

2006-08-01

17

Comparison of PCR and clinical laboratory tests for diagnosing H. pylori infection in pediatric patients  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Histology and/or culture are generally considered the gold standard for the detection of H. pylori infection. Especially in children, these tests may result in a false negative outcome because of patchy distribution of the organism in the stomach mucosa. We have developed a PCR assay utilizing nested primer pairs directed against a subunit of the H. pylori urease gene (ureA. As part of a prospective evaluation of diagnostic tests to aid in detecting H. pylori infection in children, the aim of this study was to compare our PCR and Western blot assays with results obtained from histologic examination of biopsy specimens, rapid urease tests, and an FDA approved serologic assay and published PCR results to determine if we could validate the assays for diagnostic use on our patient population. Results Gastric biopsy specimens obtained from 101 pediatric patients were evaluated for the presence of H. pylori using histologic techniques, rapid urease (CLOtest test and the PCR assay. Serum samples from each patient were assayed using both ELISA and Western Blot for antibodies to H. pylori. A total of 32 patients tested were positive by at least one of the methods evaluated. Thirteen patients had positive histology, 13 had a positive CLOtest, and 17 patients had positive H. pylori PCR. Out of the 13 CLO positive patients, 12 were positive by histologic analysis and all 13 were positive by PCR. Results of serologic tests on the same population did not correlate well with other assays. Twenty-eight patients showed serologic evidence of H. pylori infection, of which 9 were both CLO and histology positive and 12 were positive by PCR. Of the seropositive patients, 26 were ELISA positive, 13 were positive by Western blot, and 11 by both serologic methods. Conclusions The results obtained suggest that our nested PCR assay has the specificity and sensitivity necessary for clinical application when compared to standard histologic examination and rapid urease test. In addition, we found the current commercially available approved ELISA method appears unable to accurately detect H. pylori in this population. The Western blot assay yielded better concordance with CLOtest and histology, but not as good as the nested PCR assay.

Proujansky Roy

2004-01-01

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Clinical use of skull tap vestibular evoked myogenic potentials for the diagnoses of the cerebellopontine angle tumor patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective. To document our experiences using a new skull tapping induced Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials (tap VEMPs) technique combined with standard Auditory Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials (AC VEMPs) for advanced clinical assessment of cerebellopontine angle tumor (CPAT) patients. Design and Study Sample. Three patients were selected in order to highlight observations shown in a larger patient population and to show the variability of the findings. Both tap VEMPs and AC VEMPs were acquired from the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) with EMG-based biofeedback and monitoring. Results. The usefulness of VEMPs was demonstrated, indicating the presence of a tumor and contributing additional information as to the involved nerve bundles in two out of the three cases. Conclusion. Due to the sensory organ dependency and related innervations differences, acquiring both AC VEMPs and tap VEMPs is likely to increase the probability of diagnosing CPATs and provide more information on the involved vestibular nerve bundles. This study demonstrates the feasibility of the possible expansion and combination of tap VEMPs and AC VEMPs techniques into a clinical diagnostic battery for advanced assessment of CPAT patients and its contribution as a guideline for the use of tap VEMPs in general. PMID:24804198

Yavuz, Erdem; Lachowska, Magdalena; Piercha?a, Katarzyna; Morawski, Krzysztof; Niemczyk, Kazimierz; Delgado, Rafael E

2014-01-01

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The validity of clinical findings for diagnosing temporomandibular disorders in patients from different age and gender groups  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study was to clarify the diagnostic accuracy of clinical findings for internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) compared with that of magnetic resonance imaging. A series of 4559 patients (879 male and 3680 female, mean age 32.7 years; range 8-85 years;) with temporomandibular disorders were clinically examined by un unspecified number of dentists. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The clinical findings that characterize disc displacement, anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDwR) and anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADDwoR) are pain, clicking sound and limitation of maximum mouth opening. These clinical findings were compared to the MRI interpretation, which was used as the gold standard for diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders to define the diagnostic accuracy, specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of clinical findings. The prevalence of clinical finding was 3990 joints (43%) with pain, 2775 joints (30%) with clicking sound and 1731 patients (38%) with limitation of opening. Three thousands forty seven joints were diagnosed as having a normal disc position, 510 joints with sideways disc displacement, 2312 joints with ADDwR, 3239 joints with ADDwoR on MR image. The sensitivity of clinical findings was considerably low: sensitivity was 0.48 for pain versus internal derangement, 0.51 for clicking sound versus ADDwR, 0.62 for limitation of opening versus ADDwoR. The sensitivity was higher in the younger group for clicking sound versus ADDwR, but sensitivity was higher in the older group for limitation of opening versus ADDwoR. The diagnostic accuracy based on clinical findings of internal derangement of TMJ was found to be correlated with age. This study has been that the overall diagnostic accuracy of the clinical findings to determine the status of the joint is about 50-60%. The status of the joint could not be accurately determined by clinical findings. MR image should be performed when an accurate differential diagnosis is needed to determine the treatment methods. (author)

2008-03-01

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Biochemical, molecular, and clinical diagnoses of patients with cerebral creatine deficiency syndromes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cerebral creatine deficiency syndromes (CCDS) are a group of inborn errors of creatine metabolism that involve AGAT and GAMT for creatine biosynthesis disorders and SLC6A8 for creatine transporter (CT1) deficiency. Deficiencies in the three enzymes can be distinguished by intermediate metabolite levels, and a definitive diagnosis relies on the presence of deleterious mutations in the causative genes. Mutations and unclassified variants were identified in 41 unrelated patients, and 22 of these mutations were novel. Correlation of sequencing and biochemical data reveals that using plasma guanidinoacetate (GAA) as a biomarker has 100% specificity for both AGAT and GAMT deficiencies, but AGAT deficiency has decreased sensitivity in this assay. Furthermore, the urine creatine:creatinine ratio is an effective screening test with 100% specificity in males suspected of having creatine transporter deficiency. This test has a high false-positive rate due to dietary factors or dilute urine samples and lacks sensitivity in females. We conclude that biochemical screening for plasma GAA and measuring of the urine creatine:creatinine ratio should be performed for suspected CCDS patients prior to sequencing. Also, based on the results of this study, we feel that sequencing should only be considered if a patient has abnormal biochemical results on repeat testing. PMID:23660394

Comeaux, Matthew S; Wang, Jing; Wang, Guoli; Kleppe, Soledad; Zhang, Victor Wei; Schmitt, Eric S; Craigen, William J; Renaud, Deborah; Sun, Qin; Wong, Lee-Jun

2013-07-01

 
 
 
 
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Patients Newly Diagnosed with Clinical Type 2 Diabetes during Oral Glucocorticoid Treatment and Observed for 14 Years: All-Cause Mortality and Clinical Developments  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

â?? Chronic exposure to glucocorticoids (GCs) has many side effects including glucose intolerance and diabetes and may accelerate the occurrence of cardiovascular disease and increase mortality. We studied the 14-year clinical development of diabetes in patients diagnosed with diabetes during GC treatment. A population-based sample of 1369 people newly diagnosed with clinical type 2 diabetes underwent a clinical examination at diagnosis, and surviving patients were followed up 6 and 14â??years later. Patients receiving oral GC treatment at diagnosis were compared with the other patients. Of 1369 patients, 35 (2.6%) were treated with oral GCs at diabetes diagnosis. At that point, patients on GC therapy were older (69.9 versus 65.3â??years, pâ??=â??0.007, sex-adjusted) and tended to have lower BMI (26.1 versus 29.1â??kg/m(2) , pâ??=â??0.023), also 6â??years after diagnosis (24.8 versus 28.4, pâ??=â??0.011), than patients not being treated with GCs. In a univariate Cox regression model, GC treatment at diagnosis increased all-cause mortality with a hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) of 2.01 (1.39-2.89, pâ??=â??0.0002, nâ??=â??1369), while this decreased to 1.41 (0.98-2.04, pâ??=â??0.065, nâ??=â??1369) when adjusted for age and sex and to 1.39 (0.92-2.11, pâ??=â??0.12, nâ??=â??1086) when risk factors, complications and cancer were added to the model. Apart from differences in age and overweight, patients in this relatively small sample of those diagnosed with clinical type 2 diabetes during GC treatment were comparable at diagnosis and during 14â??years of follow-up with those not treated with GCs, including with regard to the adjusted mortality rate.

Olivarius, Niels de Fine; Siersma, Volkert

2010-01-01

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Diagnoses behind patients with hard-to-classify tremor and normal DaT-SPECT: A clinical follow up study  

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Full Text Available The [123I]ioflupane - a dopamine transporter radioligand - SPECT (DaT-SPECT has proven to be useful in the differential diagnosis of tremor. Here, we investigate the diagnoses behind patients with hard-to-classify tremor and normal DaT-SPECT. Therefore, 30 patients with tremor and normal DaT-SPECT were followed up for 2 years. In 18 cases we were able to make a diagnosis. The residual 12 patients underwent a second DaT-SPECT, were then followed for additional 12 months and thereafter the diagnosis was reconsidered again. The final diagnoses included cases of essential tremor, dystonic tremor, multisystem atrophy, vascular parkinsonism, progressive supranuclear palsy, corticobasal degeneration, fragile X–associated tremor ataxia syndrome, psychogenic parkinsonism, iatrogenic parkinsonism and Parkinson’s disease. However, for 6 patients the diagnosis remained uncertain. Larger series are needed to better establish the relative frequency of the different conditions behind these cases.

ManuelMenéndez-González

2014-04-01

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Diagnoses behind patients with hard-to-classify tremor and normal DaT-SPECT: a clinical follow up study  

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The [123I]ioflupane—a dopamine transporter radioligand—SPECT (DaT-SPECT) has proven to be useful in the differential diagnosis of tremor. Here, we investigate the diagnoses behind patients with hard-to-classify tremor and normal DaT-SPECT. Therefore, 30 patients with tremor and normal DaT-SPECT were followed up for 2 years. In 18 cases we were able to make a diagnosis. The residual 12 patients underwent a second DaT-SPECT, were then followed for additional 12 months and thereafter the diagnosis was reconsidered again. The final diagnoses included cases of essential tremor, dystonic tremor, multisystem atrophy, vascular parkinsonism, progressive supranuclear palsy, corticobasal degeneration, fragile X–associated tremor ataxia syndrome, psychogenic parkinsonism, iatrogenic parkinsonism and Parkinson's disease. However, for 6 patients the diagnosis remained uncertain. Larger series are needed to better establish the relative frequency of the different conditions behind these cases.

Menendez-Gonzalez, Manuel; Tavares, Francisco; Zeidan, Nahla; Salas-Pacheco, Jose M.; Arias-Carrion, Oscar

2014-01-01

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Clinically and electrophysiologically diagnosed botulinum intoxication.  

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In this case report, clinical and electrophysiological findings of 43-year-old female patient who developed Clostridium botulinum intoxication after consumption of home-made canned food are presented. Following the sudden onset of severe nausea and vomiting, diplopia, blurred vision, bilateral ptosis, weakness, speech and swallowing difficulties have developed and the patient declared that she has just tasted the canned beans after she had rinsed them several times. The case, where serological tests cannot be performed, was diagnosed clinically and treated with antitoxin immediately. During follow-up, consecutive nerve stimulation was performed and significant incremental response was observed. There was an improvement in symptoms within 2 weeks, and in 5 or 6 weeks the symptoms had disappeared completely. Electrodiagnostic studies revealed that the findings turned to normal. The case showed that immediate antitoxin treatment is life-saving even the diagnosis of botulinum intoxication is based on clinical findings. PMID:23291807

Kotan, Dilcan; Aygul, Recep; Ceylan, Mustafa; Yilikoglu, Yalcin

2013-01-01

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Clinical spectrum of hypophosphatasia diagnosed in adults.  

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The presentation of hypophosphatasia (HPP) diagnosed in adults demonstrates a wide range of clinical manifestations, many of which are nonspecific. We sought to assess clinical characteristics of adult HPP by evaluation of Mayo Clinic Rochester adults diagnosed with HPP from 1976 through 2008. Subjects were identified by diagnostic code or medical records. Inclusion criteria were age ?18 years at diagnosis; low serum alkaline phosphatase (AP) without bisphosphonate therapy; and one additional element: elevated pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) or urine phosphoethanolamine (PEA), evidence of osteomalacia, or family history. We were unable to distinguish manifesting carriers from silent unaffected carriers due to lack of a prospective standardized clinical evaluation and the absence of genetic testing. HPP was diagnosed in 22 unrelated adults (median age 49 years; 68% women). Most patients (68%) were symptomatic at presentation with features including musculoskeletal pain (41%) or incident fracture (18%). A history of fracture was present in 54%: hip/femoral neck (23%), feet (23%, all women), wrist (18%), and spine (9%, all men). Nine patients (36%) had multiple fractures while 4 (all women) had subtrochanteric femur fractures. Radiographic chondrocalcinosis (27%) and documented pyrophosphate arthropathy (14%) were only observed in women. Median minimum serum AP was 43% below the lower normal limit. Urine PEA was elevated in 15/16 patients (94%). PLP median was 68 ?g/L (normal, 5-50 ?g/L) and all (n=8) were above normal. Symptomatic subjects had more fractures and chondrocalcinosis, lower median minimum AP and PLP and higher median PEA levels. Clinical features more common in fracture patients included symptoms at presentation, history of childhood rickets, dental abnormalities, lower median minimum AP and PLP, and higher median urine PEA. Four subjects had iliac crest bone biopsies, with 2/4 specimens consistent with osteomalacia. These results suggest that adult HPP demonstrates a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations including musculoskeletal pain, fractures, chondrocalcinosis and dental anomalies with some overlap in laboratory characteristics in relationship to disease severity. In addition to genetic and environmental factors, gender may influence the clinical expression of HPP. PMID:23352924

Berkseth, Kathryn E; Tebben, Peter J; Drake, Matthew T; Hefferan, Theresa E; Jewison, Donna E; Wermers, Robert A

2013-05-01

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Diagnosing cardiac sarcoidosis clinically without tissue confirmation  

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A 52-year-old woman is described in whom cardiac sarcoidosis was diagnosed clinically on the basis of high-grade heart block, recurring ventricular tachyarrhythmias, and acute cardiac decompensation. Confirmation of sarcoidosis was not determined until necropsy. When it causes cardiac dysfunction, sarcoidosis rarely causes dysfunction of another body organ, although small sarcoid granulomas may also be present in noncardiac organs or tissues. In the present patient, neurosarcoidosis accompanied the cardiac sarcoidosis, but it was the latter that produced the life-threatening symptoms and was fatal.

Sharma, Poonam S.; Lubahn, Jordon G.; Donsky, Alan S.; Yoon, Anthony Dong H.; Carry, Melissa M.; Grayburn, Paul A.; Wood, Prescilla Barrientos; Ko, Jong Mi; Burton, Elizabeth C.

2009-01-01

27

The influence of the patients' ethnicity, socio-demographic conditions and strain on psychiatric diagnoses given at an outpatient clinic.  

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Although psychiatric diagnoses are influenced by cultural and social conditions, with large global variations, the ICD and DSM systems are applied worldwide. The aims of this study were to describe the distribution of different ethnic patient groups in psychiatric outpatient services and the influence of ethnicity, demographic conditions and social strain on psychiatric diagnoses. An entire year's cohort of psychiatric outpatients (n = 839) in an outpatient register was divided into nine groups, according to country of birth. The proportion of each group in the outpatient population was compared with its corresponding proportion in the catchment area. In order to examine the relationship between socio-demographic variables and strain on the one hand, and DSM-III-R diagnoses on the other, stepwise logistic regression analyses were carried out. Swedes were the only group under-represented as outpatients (P personality disorder (OR = 2.16, 95% CI = 1.55-3.15). Schizophrenia was related to male gender (OR = 1.75, 95% CI = 1.04-2.94) and affective disorders to age >40 years (OR = 1.71, 95% CI = 1.22-2.40). Ethnicity has a strong impact on how diagnoses are given in cross-cultural settings. We could not confirm earlier findings of under-representation of ethnic minorities in outpatient services. PMID:16195085

Al-Saffar, Suad; Borgå, Per; Wicks, Susanne; Hällström, Tore

2004-01-01

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Renal biopsy pathology in a cohort of patients from southwest Sydney with clinically diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus  

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Full Text Available Jim LC Yong,1,2 Murray C Killingsworth,1–3 Ken Lai1,21Department of Anatomical Pathology, Sydney South West Pathology Service, 2University of Western Sydney, School of Medicine, 3University of New South Wales, Faculty of Medicine, Sydney, New South Wales, AustraliaPurpose: The pathological manifestations in the kidneys in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE are commonly known as lupus nephritis. We have studied the pathological changes in renal biopsies from 59 cases of clinically diagnosed SLE obtained over a 15-year period from a racially diverse population in the Sydney metropolitan area. Our aim was to see if there was any regional variation in the morphological changes.Methods: Renal biopsy changes were assessed by routine light, immunofluorescence, and electron microscopy. We used the modified 1974 World Health Organization classification of lupus nephritis to classify cases into six classes. Disease severity was assessed by age, sex, and across racial groups, including Caucasian, Asian, Middle Eastern, Mediterranean, Indian subcontinental, South American, and Pacific Islander.Results: Our analysis showed that cases of lupus nephritis contributed 5.4% of our total renal biopsies examined over a 15-year period. The overall incidence of biopsy-proven cases was 0.49 per 100,000 per year. The ages of our patients ranged from 10 to 79 years, with most below 50 years of age. A female to male ratio was determined to be 4.4:1. There was no relationship to ethnicity, nor was there a relationship between any of these parameters and the class or severity of disease.Conclusion: Renal biopsy with multimodal morphological and immunohistochemical analysis remains the gold standard for diagnosis and determination of the level of disease in lupus nephritis. Based on this approach we have identified an incidence rate for southwest Sydney that is slightly higher but comparable to that found in a similar study from the United Kingdom. We also found that there was no relationship between sex, race, or age and severity of disease.Keywords: systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, lupus nephritis, histology, immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy

Yong JL

2013-02-01

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Necropsy: a yardstick for clinical diagnoses.  

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An attempt to obtain necropsies on all deaths from a selected group of clinical units resulted in a necropsy rate of 65% (compared with a normal of 30% in these units). The effect of increasing the necropsy rate was to produce a higher rate of confirmation of clinical diagnoses; nevertheless, 15% of main diagnoses and 42% of causes of death were not confirmed. A large proportion of these were deemed by clinicians in consultations with pathologists to be clinically significant. Of main diagnos...

Cameron, H. M.; Mcgoogan, E.; Watson, H.

1980-01-01

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Clinical-epidemiological features of HIV-infected patients diagnosed at age of 50 years or older  

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Full Text Available HIV/AIDS prevention and care efforts are directed to individuals of reproductive age (15–49 yrs. With the extension of sexual life of older people, they became a growing population at risk of HIV infection, usually not included in prevention strategies. In order to evaluate clinical profile of HIV/AIDS pts diagnosed at 50 yrs or older assisted in an HIV outpatient center in Buenos Aires, we retrospectively assessed clinical records of pts initiating care between Jan 1986 and Dec 2011. Age, CD4 cells and viral load (pVL at HIV diagnosis and most recent value, opportunistic infections (OIs, co-morbidities and antiretroviral therapy (ARV were recorded. Of 10,998 pts assisted in the 26-yr period, 495 (4.5% were?50 yrs old at HIV diagnosis; median annual diagnoses: 18.5 (IQR 3.3–30.3 without significant changes in the last 20 yrs. Demographics: median age 54.7 yrs (IQR 51.8–59.2, rank 50–80, 76.6% male. Risk behavior: HTX 61.4%, MSM 34.1%, others 4.4%. 55.4% of HIV diagnoses occurred during hospitalization or simultaneously with acute OIs. One third (n=176 had AIDS at diagnosis, 24% had history of STDs. HCV co-infection 5.7%, past HBV infection 28.1% and chronic HBV infection 5.1%. Median CD4 cells at HIV diagnosis: 223.5 (13.7% (IQR 98.8–420.3, initial pVL 60,000 cp/mL (IQR 9,995.5–208,391. 69.3% of pts started ARV therapy during follow-up (FU, and the median time between diagnosis and treatment initiation was 3.4 mo (IQR 0.7–14; 56.9% of them started a non-nucleoside-based regimen (ZDV/3TC/EFV, 28.3% a PI-based regimen (ZDV/3TC/IDV and 14.6% a nucleoside-based regimen (ZDV/ddI pre-HAART era. After a year (±6 mo, 63.8% pts achieved undetectable pVL and gained 136 CD4 cells from BSL (IQR 83–204. After 40.6 mo of FU (IQR 6.7-89.8, 66.3% are alive, 7.1% died (68.6% of HIV-related diseases and 26.7% are lost to FU. Co-morbidities were present in 125 (25.3%, mainly hypertension, increased lipids, CVD and DBT. Among treated pts, 70.6% achieved pVL<50 cp/mL, with a median increase of CD4 cells up to 410 (22% (IQR 281.5–563.9 from BSL. 51% (176 changed ARV therapy due to toxicity/AE: 54.5%, ARV failure: 29.5% and simplification: 14.8%. Stable HIV epidemic in older people reinforce the need of specific prevention approaches, while growing age of HIV individuals in care highlights to consider risks associated to older age. Late presentation to care needs to be specifically addressed. Response to treatment is remarkable high in this population.

V Fink

2012-11-01

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The quality of life of patients with newly diagnosed M1 prostate cancer: experience with EORTC clinical trial 30853.  

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This study was undertaken to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) of previously untreated patients with M1 prostate cancer before and during androgen-suppressive treatment. Assessment of QoL was included as an optimal component of EORTC protocol 30853, a phase III trial comparing LH-RH (luteinising hormone-releasing hormone) analogue combined with a non-steroidal anti-androgen versus orchiectomy in patients with M1 prostate cancer. At pretreatment and during the follow-up period, patients were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing their physical and psychosocial functioning, and their symptom levels. Physicians rated the patients' performance status, pain, urological symptoms and erectile function. Due to its optional nature, only a minority of the patients in the trial were recruited for the QoL investigation. 63 patients completed a pretreatment questionnaire, of whom 49 completed a second questionnaire at least once during the initial 15 month follow-up period. While statistically significant correlations were observed between patients' and physicians' ratings of physical functioning and pain, these were of only a moderate magnitude (r = 0.43 and 0.30, respectively). No significant association was observed between physicians' and patients' ratings of micturation problems or of erectile function. Before treatment, fatigue, pain and decreased social role and sexual functioning were the problems most frequently reported by patients. With an average of approximately 1 year follow-up, statistically significant improvements were observed in patients' self-reported urological symptoms and metastatic pain. No significant changes were noted for the other QoL domains assessed. The results of this study confirm earlier findings that physicians' ratings may not reflect accurately the functional health and symptom experience of their patients. Patient-based QoL questionnaires offer the most direct means of evaluating the subjective morbidity associated with prostate cancer and its treatment. To increase participation and compliance rates in future studies, it is recommended that QoL assessment be made mandatory in those clinical trials in which QoL is considered to be an important study endpoint. PMID:8695246

da Silva, F C; Fossa, S D; Aaronson, N K; Serbouti, S; Denis, L; Casselman, J; Whelan, P; Hetherington, J; Fava, C; Richards, B; Robinson, M R

1996-01-01

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Clinical Characteristics in Patients with Biliary Obstruction Diagnosed by {sup 99m}Tc-DISIDA Scan - In 9 Cases with Normal Ultrasonography Findings -  

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To evaluate the role of hepatobiliary (DISIDA) scan in the diagnosis of biliary obstruction, we studied the clinical characteristics of 9 cases with biliary obstruction, whose hepatobiliary scans and ultrasonography were not concordant (normal ultrasonography and abnormal hepatobiliary scan). The results were as follows; 1) The main chief complaints (89%) were abdominal pain, especially in RUQ area. The levels of serum bilirubin were elevated in 67% of patients (normal approx 5.9 mg/dl) and those of alkaline phosphatase were elevated in 78% of patients (normal approx 724 U/L). 2) The final diagnoses were CBD stones (67%), tumor (22%) and 3 cases were associated with C. sinensis. 3) The major obstruction sites were in distal CBD (89%). From the above results we concluded that hepatobiliary scan is a useful diagnostic method of biliary obstruction, especially in distal CBD lesion and early stage, in spite of normal ultrasonography.

Park, Bong Chul; Yang, Soo Hyun; Che, Dong Ho; Park, Sang Ki; Byun, Jong Hoon [Korea Veterans Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1992-03-15

33

Differential diagnoses to MS: experiences from an optic neuritis clinic.  

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Optic neuritis (ON) is closely linked to multiple sclerosis (MS). It may, however, also be associated to a range of autoimmune or infectious diseases. The purpose of this study was to assess the differential diagnoses in patients with suspected ON. In this retrospective study, we reviewed the files of all patients referred to the Clinic of Optic Neuritis, Glostrup Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, between January 2000 and November 2011. All patients were referred by ophthalmologists with possible ON. Patients diagnosed with MS prior to referral were excluded from the study. A total of 643 patients were included in the study. Apart from ON, the most frequent diagnoses were tumors (n = 15), ischemic or hypertensive neuropathies (n = 13), and retinal or choroid disorders (n = 9). Six patients were diagnosed with neuromyelitis optica. Rarer causes of visual loss were infections (n = 5), giant cell arteritis (n = 4), sarcoidosis (n = 3), thyrotoxicosis (n = 2), and hereditary or toxic neuropathies (n = 2). Nine percent of patients referred to the Clinic of Optic Neuritis had symptoms caused by medical, neurosurgical or ophthalmic disorders, and 0.9 % of our patients had NMO. Though most of these conditions are rare, it is of importance to keep them in mind upon encountering patients with symptoms of ON. PMID:24158275

Horwitz, Henrik; Friis, Tina; Modvig, Signe; Roed, Hanne; Tsakiri, Anna; Laursen, Bjarne; Frederiksen, Jette Lautrup

2014-01-01

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Prevalence and clinical characteristics of carotid atherosclerosis in newly diagnosed patients with ketosis-onset diabetes: a cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The features of carotid atherosclerosis in ketosis-onset diabetes have not been investigated. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of carotid atherosclerosis in newly diagnosed Chinese diabetic patients with ketosis but without islet-associated autoantibodies. Methods In total, 423 newly diagnosed Chinese patients with diabetes including 208 ketosis-onset diabetics without islet-associated autoantibodies, 215 non-ketotic type 2 diabetics and 79 control subjects without diabetes were studied. Carotid atherosclerosis was defined as the presence of atherosclerotic plaques in any of the carotid vessel segments. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT, carotid atherosclerotic plaque formation and stenosis were assessed and compared among the three groups based on Doppler ultrasound examination. The clinical features of carotid atherosclerotic lesions were analysed, and the risk factors associated with carotid atherosclerosis were evaluated using binary logistic regression in patients with diabetes. Results The prevalence of carotid atherosclerosis was significantly higher in the ketosis-onset diabetic group (30.80% than in the control group (15.2%, p=0.020 after adjusting for age- and sex-related differences, but no significant difference was observed in comparison to the non-ketotic diabetic group (35.8%, p=0.487. The mean CIMT of the ketosis-onset diabetics (0.70±0.20 mm was markedly higher than that of the control subjects (0.57±0.08 mm, p Conclusions The prevalence and risk of carotid atherosclerosis were significantly higher in the ketosis-onset diabetics than in the control subjects but similar to that in the non-ketotic type 2 diabetics. The characteristics of carotid atherosclerotic lesions in the ketosis-onset diabetics resembled those in the non-ketotic type 2 diabetics. Our findings support the classification of ketosis-onset diabetes as a subtype of type 2 diabetes.

Li Lian-Xi

2013-01-01

35

Significance of dietary folate intake, homocysteine levels and MTHFR 677 C>T genotyping in South African patients diagnosed with depression: test development for clinical application.  

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Low folate intake in the presence of the functional MTHFR 677 C > T (rs1801133) polymorphism is an important cause of elevated homocysteine levels previously implicated in major depressive disorder (MDD) and many other chronic diseases. In this study the clinical relevance and inter-relationship of these aspects were evaluated in 86 South African patients diagnosed with MDD and 97 population-matched controls participating in a chronic diseases screening program. A questionnaire-based clinical and nutrition assessment was performed, homocysteine levels determined, and all study participants genotyped for MTHFR 677 C > T (rs1801133) using allele-specific TaqMan technology. The folate score was found to be significantly lower in the patient group compared to controls (p?=?0.003) and correlated with increased body mass index (BMI), particularly in females with MDD (p?=?0.009). BMI was significantly higher in the MDD patients compared with controls after adjustment for age and sex (p?=?0.015), but this association was no longer significant after further adjustment for the level of folate intake in the diet. In MDD patients but not controls, the minor T-allele of MTHFR 677 C > T was associated with increased BMI (p?=?0.032), which in turn correlated significantly with increased homocysteine levels. The significant association between BMI and homocysteine levels was observed in both the MDD patient (p?=?0.049) and control (p?=?0.018) study groups. The significantly higher homocysteine levels observed in MDD patients compared to controls after adjustment for age and sex (p?=?0.030), therefore appears to be mediated by the effects of MTHFR 677 C > T and low folate intake on BMI. Detection of the low-penetrance MTHFR 677 C > T mutation reinforces the importance of folate intake above the recommended daily dose to prevent or restore dysfunction of the methylation pathway. PMID:24532086

Delport, Darnielle; Schoeman, Renata; van der Merwe, Nicole; van der Merwe, Lize; Fisher, Leslie R; Geiger, Dieter; Kotze, Maritha J

2014-06-01

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Changes in psychological well-being in female patients with clinically diagnosed depression: an exploratory approach in a therapeutic setting.  

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The objective of this exploratory one-group pretest-posttest study was to evaluate the nature of psychological change in inward depressed psychiatric patients attending multi-disciplinary treatment, including physical activity, designed to improve mental well-being. Female depressed psychiatric patients (n?=?51) were examined before and after this programme over a period of 3 months. The following psychological parameters were assessed: depression, anxiety, global self-esteem, and physical self-perceptions. Depressed patients demonstrated statistically significant improvements in depression, anxiety, global self-esteem and physical self-worth (t(50) ranging from -3.76 to 4.65, all p?Patients with greater improvement in physical self-perceptions reported greater improvement anxious symptoms then patients who did not improve. Consequently, within the limitations of the research design it can be concluded that the programme appeared successful in improving psychological well-being in female depressed patients. Results also provide preliminary insight into the potential role of the physical self in recovery. PMID:21974730

Van de Vliet, P; Knapen, J; Fox, Kr; Onghena, P; David, A; Probst, M; Van Coppenolle, H; Pieters, G

2003-11-01

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Repeated Aspergillus isolation in respiratory samples from non-immunocompromised patients not selected based on clinical diagnoses: colonisation or infection?  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Isolation of Aspergillus from lower respiratory samples is associated with colonisation in high percentage of cases, making it of unclear significance. This study explored factors associated with diagnosis (infection vs. colonisation, treatment (administration or not of antifungals and prognosis (mortality in non-transplant/non-neutropenic patients showing repeated isolation of Aspergillus from lower respiratory samples. Methods Records of adult patients (29 Spanish hospitals presenting ?2 respiratory cultures yielding Aspergillus were retrospectively reviewed and categorised as proven (histopathological confirmation or probable aspergillosis (new respiratory signs/symptoms with suggestive chest imaging or colonisation (symptoms not attributable to Aspergillus without dyspnoea exacerbation, bronchospasm or new infiltrates. Logistic regression models (step–wise were performed using Aspergillosis (probable?+?proven, antifungal treatment and mortality as dependent variables. Significant (p?2 were considered. Results A total of 245 patients were identified, 139 (56.7% with Aspergillosis. Aspergillosis was associated (R2?=?0.291 with ICU admission (OR?=?2.82, congestive heart failure (OR?=?2.39 and steroids pre-admission (OR?=?2.19 as well as with cavitations in X-ray/CT scan (OR?=?10.68, radiological worsening (OR?=?5.22 and COPD exacerbations/need for O2 interaction (OR?=?3.52. Antifungals were administered to 79.1% patients with Aspergillosis (100% proven, 76.8% probable and 29.2% colonised, with 69.5% patients receiving voriconazole alone or in combination. In colonised patients, administration of antifungals was associated with ICU admission at hospitalisation (OR?=?12.38. In Aspergillosis patients its administration was positively associated (R2?=?0.312 with bronchospasm (OR?=?9.21 and days in ICU (OR?=?1.82 and negatively with Gold III?+?IV (OR?=?0.26, stroke (OR?=?0.024 and quinolone treatment (OR?=?0.29. Mortality was 78.6% in proven, 41.6% in probable and 12.3% in colonised patients, and was positively associated in Aspergillosis patients (R2?=?0.290 with radiological worsening (OR?=?3.04, APACHE-II (OR?=?1.09 and number of antibiotics for treatment (OR?=?1.51 and negatively with species other than A. fumigatus (OR?=?0.14 and aspergillar tracheobronchitis (OR?=?0.27. Conclusions Administration of antifungals was not always closely linked to the diagnostic categorisation (colonisation vs. Aspergillosis, being negatively associated with severe COPD (GOLD III?+?IV and concomitant treatment with quinolones in patients with Aspergillosis, probably due to the similarity of signs/symptoms between this entity and pulmonary bacterial infections.

Barberan Jose

2012-11-01

38

Is it possible to diagnose the therapeutic adherence of patients with COPD in clinical practice? A cohort study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Therapeutic adherence of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD is poor. It is therefore necessary to determine the magnitude of non-adherence to develop strategies to correct this behaviour. The purpose of this study was to analyse the diagnostic validity of indirect adherence methods. Methods Sample: 195 COPD patients undergoing scheduled inhaled treatment attending 5 Primary Care Centres of Malaga, Spain. Variables: Sociodemographic profile, illness data, spirometry, quality of life (St. George Respiratory Questionnaire: SGRQ, and inhaled medication counting (count of dose/pill or electronic monitoring were collected. The patient's knowledge of COPD (Batalla test:BT,their attitude towards treatment (Morisky-Green test: MGT and their self-reported therapeutic adherence (Haynes-Sackett test: HST were used as methods of evaluating adherence. The follow-up consisted four visits over one year (the recruitment visit: V0; and after 1 month:V1; 6 months:V2; and 1 year:V3. Results The mean age was 69.59 (95% CI, 68.29-70.89 years old and 93.8% were male. Other findings included: 85.4% had a low educational level, 23.6% were smokers, 71.5% mild-moderate COPD stage with a FEV1 = 56.86 (SD = 18.85; exacerbations per year = 1.41(95% CI, 1-1.8. The total SGRQ score was 44.96 (95% CI, 42.46-47.46, showing a mild self-perceived impairment in health. The prevalence of adherence (dose/pill count was 68.1% (95% CI, 60.9-75.3 at V1, 80% (95% CI, 73-87 at V2 and 84% (95% CI, 77.9 at V3. The MGT showed a specificity of 67.34% at V1, 76.19% at V2 and 69.62% at V3. The sensitivity was 53.33% at V1, 66.66% at V2 and 33.33% at V3.The BT showed a specificity of 55.1% at V1, 70.23% at V2 and 67.09% at V3. The sensitivity was 68.88% at V1, 71.43% at V2 and 46.66% at V3. Considering both tests together, the specificity was 86.73% at V1, 94.04% at V2 and 92.49% at V3 and the sensitivity was 37.77% at V1, 47.62% at V2 and 13.3% at V3. Conclusions The prevalence of treatment adherence changes over time. Indirect methods (dose/pill count and self-reported can be useful to detect non-adherence in COPD patients. The combination of MGT and BT is the best approach to test self-reported adherence.

Prados-Torres Daniel

2011-01-01

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The prevalence of clinically-relevant comorbid conditions in patients with physician-diagnosed COPD: a cross-sectional study using data from NHANES 1999–2008  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Treatment of chronic diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD is complicated by the presence of comorbidities. The objective of this analysis was to estimate the prevalence of comorbidity in COPD using nationally-representative data. Methods This study draws from a multi-year analytic sample of 14,828 subjects aged 45+, including 995 with COPD, from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, 1999–2008. COPD was defined by self-reported physician diagnosis of chronic bronchitis or emphysema; patients who reported a diagnosis of asthma were excluded. Using population weights, we estimated the age-and-gender-stratified prevalence of 22 comorbid conditions that may influence COPD and its treatment. Results Subjects 45+ with physician-diagnosed COPD were more likely than subjects without physician-diagnosed COPD to have coexisting arthritis (54.6% vs. 36.9%, depression (20.6% vs. 12.5%, osteoporosis (16.9% vs. 8.5%, cancer (16.5% vs. 9.9%, coronary heart disease (12.7% vs. 6.1%, congestive heart failure (12.1% vs. 3.9%, and stroke (8.9% vs. 4.6%. Subjects with COPD were also more likely to report mobility difficulty (55.6% vs. 32.5%, use of >4 prescription medications (51.8% vs. 32.1, dizziness/balance problems (41.1% vs. 23.8%, urinary incontinence (34.9% vs. 27.3%, memory problems (18.5% vs. 8.8%, low glomerular filtration rate (16.2% vs. 10.5%, and visual impairment (14.0% vs. 9.6%. All reported comparisons have p? Conclusions Our study indicates that COPD management may need to take into account a complex spectrum of comorbidities. This work identifies which conditions are most common in a nationally-representative set of COPD patients (physician-diagnosed, a necessary step for setting research priorities and developing clinical practice guidelines that address COPD within the context of comorbidity.

Schnell Kerry

2012-07-01

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Diagnósticos de enfermagem documentados para pacientes de clínica médica / Documented nursing diagnoses for medical clinic patients / Diagnósticos de enfermería documentados para pacientes de clínica médica  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este artigo relata estudo descritivo, de análise de registros, dos diagnósticos de enfermagem documentados após três meses da implementação da classificação da NANDA-I no HU-USP e propõe resultados e intervenções para os três diagnósticos mais freqüentes. A amostra de conveniência, de 34% das intern [...] ações no mês, constituiu-se de 30 prontuários de pacientes internados na Clínica Médica em agosto de 2004 (60% mulheres; idade média 60,9±23,1 anos; média de internação=5,8±2,7 dias). Os diagnósticos documentados nos prontuários, no primeiro dia de internação, foram manualmente transcritos e analisados segundo freqüências. Foram documentados 144 diagnósticos (31 categorias diagnósticas); com média de 4,8(± 4,0) diagnósticos por paciente (variação = 1 a 10) e os mais freqüentes foram: Dor aguda (66,7%), Integridade tissular prejudicada (63,3%), Desobstrução ineficaz de vias aéreas (43,3%), Risco para integridade da pele prejudicada (36,7%) e Integridade da pele prejudicada (33,3%). São apresentadas propostas de resultados e intervenções para os três mais freqüentes. Abstract in spanish Este artículo relata un estudio descriptivo, de analice de registros, de los diagnósticos de enfermería documentados tres meses después de la implementación de la clasificación de la NANDA-I en el HU-USP. La muestra de conveniencia (34% de las internaciones en el mes) constituyó de 30 prontuarios de [...] pacientes internados en la Clínica Médica en agosto de 2004 (60% sexo femenino; edad promedio: 60,9±23,1 años; media de internación: 5,8±2,7 días). Los diagnósticos documentados en el primer día de hospitalización fueron manualmente transcritos y analizados según sus frecuencias. Fueron documentados 144 diagnósticos (31 categorías), media de 4,8± 4,0 por paciente (variación = 1-10) y los más frecuentes fueron: Dolor agudo (66,7%), Deterioro de la integridad tisular (63,3%), Limpieza inefectiva de las vías aéreas (43,3%), Riesgo de deterioro de la integridad cutánea (36,7%) y Deterioro de la integridad cutánea (33,3%). Son presentados los resultados e intervenciones para los 3 más frecuentes. Abstract in english This paper reports a descriptive study, based on nursing records, of nursing diagnoses documented three months after the implementation of the NANDA-I classification at the University of São Paulo's Hospital Universitário (HU-USP) and proposes outcomes and interventions for the 3 most frequent diagn [...] oses. The convenience sample (34% of the month's admissions) consisted of 30 charts of patients admitted in the Medical Clinic in August of 2004 (60% female, average age 60.9±23.1 years, mean length of stay = 5.8±2.7 days). The diagnoses documented on the admission day were manually transcribed from the charts and analyzed according to their frequency. There were 144 diagnoses (31 categories), with an average of 4.8±4.0 diagnoses per patient (range = 1-10). The most frequent were: acute pain (66.7%), impaired tissue integrity (63.3%), ineffective airway clearance (43.3%), risk of impaired skin integrity (36.7%), and impaired skin integrity (33.3%). The proposed outcomes and interventions are presented.

Cassiana Mendes Bertoncello, Fontes; Diná de Almeida Lopes Monteiro da, Cruz.

 
 
 
 
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Phase II clinical study of boron neutron capture therapy combined with X-ray radiotherapy/temozolomide in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme—Study design and current status report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recently, we reported our clinical experiences of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) for the newly diagnosed glioblastoma. The major differences of our protocol from the other past studies were simultaneous use of both sodium borocapate and boronophenylalanine, and combination with fractionated X-ray irradiation. These results showed the efficacy of combination therapy with external beam X-ray irradiation and BNCT. For our future study, we planned the multi-centric phase II clinical study for newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients in Japan (OSAKA-TRIBRAIN0902, NCT00974987).

2011-12-01

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Phase II clinical study of boron neutron capture therapy combined with X-ray radiotherapy/temozolomide in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme-Study design and current status report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Recently, we reported our clinical experiences of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) for the newly diagnosed glioblastoma. The major differences of our protocol from the other past studies were simultaneous use of both sodium borocapate and boronophenylalanine, and combination with fractionated X-ray irradiation. These results showed the efficacy of combination therapy with external beam X-ray irradiation and BNCT. For our future study, we planned the multi-centric phase II clinical study for newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients in Japan (OSAKA-TRIBRAIN0902, NCT00974987).

Kawabata, Shinji, E-mail: neu046@poh.osaka-med.ac.jp [Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka Medical College, 2-7 Daigaku-Machi, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-8686 (Japan); Miyatake, Shin-Ichi; Hiramatsu, Ryo; Hirota, Yuki; Miyata, Shiro; Takekita, Yoko; Kuroiwa, Toshihiko [Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka Medical College, 2-7 Daigaku-Machi, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-8686 (Japan); Kirihata, Mitsunori [Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai, Osaka 599-8931 (Japan); Sakurai, Yoshinori; Maruhashi, Akira; Ono, Koji [Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, 2 Asashiro-Nishi, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka 590-0494 (Japan)

2011-12-15

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Behavioral and psychosocial effects of rapid genetic counseling and testing in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients: Design of a multicenter randomized clinical trial  

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Abstract Background It has been estimated that between 5% and 10% of women diagnosed with breast cancer have a hereditary form of the disease, primarily caused by a BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation. Such women have an increased risk of developing a new primary breast and/or ovarian tumor, and may therefore opt for preventive surgery (e.g., bilateral mastectomy, oophorectomy). It is common practice to offer high-risk patients genetic counseling and DNA testing af...

Wevers Marijke R; Gem, Ausems Margreet; Verhoef Senno; Ma, Bleiker Eveline; Ee, Hahn Daniela; Bl, Hogervorst Frans; van der Luijt Rob B; Valdimarsdottir Heiddis B; van Hillegersberg Richard; Rutgers Emiel; Aaronson Neil K

2011-01-01

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Smoking Habits Among Patients Diagnosed with Oral Lichen Planus  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Oral lichen planus (OLP is one of the most common dermatologic diseases that manifests in the oral cavity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between smoking habits and the clinical subtypes of OLP. Methods Oral findings and smoking data from 187 charts of OLP patients from an oral medicine clinic was reviewed and compared to data from 76 matched control patients. Results and Discussion Ninety-three patients were diagnosed with reticular OLP, 55 with atrophic and 39 with erosive forms of the disease. Symptomatic OLP occurred in 63.6% of patients. Fewer cases of reticular OLP were symptomatic than erosive OLP (p

Hasson-Kanfi Haya

2004-06-01

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Study on fatty liver diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography and clinical laboratory findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The study obtained the following conclusions by making a comparative study on fatty liver diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography and clinical laboratory findings. I surveyed the value of abdominal ultrasound in 400 patients without clinical symptoms at C Health Clinic Center, Seoul. Compare with blood pressure was high (systolic/diastolic) in 7.5%/4.5% on persons who were diagnosed fatty liver. At the time of the diagnosis, Total cholesterol level was increased in fatty liver patients, HDL-cholesterol level was high in fatty liver patients. And Trigryceride level was increased in fatty liver persons, LDL-cholesterol was high in fatty liver persons. SGOT level was increased in 5.5% on patients who were diagnosed fatty liver, 0% on persons who were normal and SGPT level was high in 29.5% on people who were diagnosed fatty liver, 0% on patients who were diagnosed normal

2006-03-01

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Baseline Demographic, Clinical and Laboratory Parameters Related with 24 Hour Urinary Sodium Excretion in Newly Diagnosed Patients with Type 2 Diabetes  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is very frequently observed in patients with Type 2 diabetes. Increased salt intake has been shown to be related with elevated blood pressure. However, factors related with 24 hour urinary sodium (Na excretion as a measure of Na intake is not specifically addressed in patients with newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetic patients.MATERIAL and METHODS: All patients underwent history taking, physical examination, blood pressure measurement, electocardiography, biochemical analysis, spot urine analysis, 24-hour urine collection to measure 24-hour urinary albumin, protein, sodium excretion and creatinine clearance.RESULTS: In total, 114 patients were enrolled. Spearman correlation analysis revealed that 24-hour urinary Na excretion was correlated with body mass index (BMI ( rho: 0.265, p: 0.004. blood urea nitrogen (rho: -0.210, p: 0.025 creatinine clearance (rho: 0.313, p: 0.001, albumin (rho: 0.320, p: 0.001, hemoglobin (rho: 0.242, p: 0.013 and triglyceride (rho: 0.261, p: 0.008. Linear regression of independent factors revealed that BMI (B: 0.013, CI: 0.004-0.022, P: 0.004, presence of smoking (B: 0.132, CI: 0.02-0.243, P: 0.021, creatinine clearance (B: 0.002, CI: 0.001-0.004, P: 0.012, and triglyceride levels (B: 0.017, CI: 0.009-0.056, P: 0.003 were related with logarithmically converted 24-hour Na excretion.CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that BMI, creatinine clearance and serum triglyceride levels were independently associated with 24-hour urinary Na excretion in newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetic patients.

Af?ar, Bar??

2013-01-01

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Different Pathophysiological Phenotypes among Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Patients  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) can be considered a syndrome with several different pathophysiological mechanisms leading to hyperglycemia. Nonetheless, T2D is treated according to algorithms as if it was one disease entity. Methods: We investigated the prevalence of different pathophysiological phenotypes among newly diagnosed T2D patients in Denmark. Based on baseline data from a Danish national cohort study we investigated 1048 incident diagnosed T2D patients. The diagnosis T2D was made by general practitioners based on clinical judgement. Phenotypes were classified in the following groups: latent autoimmune diabetes (LADA) (GAD antibody titer >= 20 IE/ml and not T1D), secondary diabetes (recent history of pancreatitis, pancreatectomy or pancreas amylase > 65U/l, and GAD negativity), steroid-induced diabetes (oral glucocorticoid-treated subjects), insulinopenic (f-P-C-peptide = 568 pmol/l) and a normoinsulinopenic group (333 <=c-peptid <=568 pmol/l). Results: Median age of our new T2D patients was 61 years (range 21-95 years), 57% were men. We found that 3.0% newly diagnosed T2D patients suffered from LADA, 3.9% from secondary diabetes, 6.0% from steroid induced diabetes 5.9% had insulinopenic diabetes, whereas 56.7% presented the classic obesity-associated insulin-resistant phenotype. 24.6% was classified as normoinsulinopenic patients. Conclusion: We conclude that newly diagnosed T2D patients represents several well-characterized pathophysiological phenotypes with various mechanisms of hyperglycemia. This should be taken into consideration when choosing the appropriate treatment for the individual patient diagnosed with T2D. We suggest to measure f-P-C-peptide, GAD antibodies and pancreas amylase in patients with newly diagnosed T2D.

Stidsen, Jacob

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A Clinical Pilot Study Comparing Sweet Bee Venom parallel treatment with only Acupuncture Treatment in patient diagnosed with lumbar spine sprain  

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Full Text Available Objectives: This study was carried out to compare the Sweet Bee Venom (referred to as Sweet BV hereafter acupuncture parallel treatment to treatment with acupuncture only for the patient diagnosed with lumbar spine sprain and find a better treatment. Methods: The subjects were patients diagnosed with lumbar spine sprain and hospitalized at Suncheon oriental medical hospital, which was randomly divided into sweet BV parallel treatment group and acupuncture-only group, and other treatment conditions were maintained the same. Then,VAS (Visual Analogue Scale was used to compare the difference in the treatment period between the two groups from VAS 10 to VAS 0, from VAS 10 to VAS 5, and from VAS 5 to VAS 0. Result & Conclusion: Sweet BV parallel treatment group and acupuncture-only treatment group were compared regarding the respective treatment period, and as the result, the treatment period from VAS 10 to VAS 5 was significantly reduced in sweet BV parallel treatment group compared to the acupuncture-only treatment group, but the treatment period from VAS 5 to VAS 0 did not show a significant difference. Therefore, it can be said that sweet BV parallel treatment is effective in shortening the treatment period and controlling early pain compared to acupuncture-only treatment.

Shin Yong-jeen

2011-06-01

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Clinical Study Pathologic Findings in MRI-Guided Needle Core Biopsies of the Breast in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The role of MRI in the management of breast carcinoma is rapidly evolving from its initial use for specific indications only to a more widespread use on all women with newly diagnosed early stage breast cancer. However, there are many concerns that such widespread use is premature since detailed correlation of MRI findings with the underlying histopathology of the breast lesions is still evolving and clear evidence for improvements in management and overall prognosis of breast cancer patients evaluated by breast MRI after their initial cancer diagnosis is lacking. In this paper, we would like to bring attention to a benign lesion that is frequently present on MRI-guided breast biopsies performed on suspicious MRI findings in the affected breast of patients with a new diagnosis of breast carcinoma

2011-01-01

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Self-assessed and clinically diagnosed periodontal health status among patients visiting the outpatient department of a dental school in Bangalore, India  

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Background: The purpose of the present cross-sectional study was to assess the extent of agreement between clinical and self-assessed periodontal health status among patients visiting the outpatient department of M.S. Ramaiah Dental College, Bangalore, India. Materials and Methods: The study population included 216 patients aged between 20 and 44 years who attended the outpatient department of the M.S. Ramaiah Dental College, Bangalore. The study population was subjected to a...

Nagarajan Sripriya; Pushpanjali K

2008-01-01

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Similar clinical features among patients with severe adult growth hormone deficiency diagnosed with insulin tolerance test or arginine or glucagon stimulation tests  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

To determine whether insulin tolerance tests (ITTs), arginine stimulation tests (ASTs), and glucagon stimulation tests (GST) identify patients who have similar clinical features of growth hormone (GH) deficiency when a diagnostic GH threshold of 3 μg/L is used.

Toogood, Andrew; Brabant, Georg

2012-01-01

52

Factors associated with travel to non-local genitourinary medicine clinics for gonorrhoea: an analysis of patients diagnosed in London, 2009-10.  

Science.gov (United States)

We analysed factors associated with travelling to non-local genitourinary medicine clinics for gonorrhoea care in London. We used surveillance data on London residents attending genitourinary medicine clinics in 2009-10 and calculated distances between patients' areas of residence and both the nearest genitourinary medicine clinic and the clinic attended. Non-local clinics were attended by 5408 (46.7%) patients. Men having sex with men attended non-local services more than heterosexuals (OR 3.83, p < 0.001). Among heterosexual men, black Africans and black Caribbeans were more likely, and South Asians less likely, to attend non-local services compared to whites (OR [95%CI] 1.33 [1.04-1.72], 1.36 [1.11-1.67] and 0.46 [0.31-0.70] respectively). Similar associations, although not statistically significant, were found in women. People were more likely to attend local services if their local clinic provided walk-in and young people's services, weekend consultations and long opening hours. These findings could help design services meeting local population needs and facilitate prompt and equitable access to care. PMID:23970635

Le Polain de Waroux, Olivier; Hughes, Gwenda; Maguire, Helen; Crook, Paul D

2014-03-01

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[Clinical, biological and radiological spectrum of newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis].  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical, biological and the chest-X ray presentations of newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis. A retrospective study of 200 patients was performed from January to October 2004 in the respiratory diseases unit of Dakar's University Teaching Hospital. Among the 200 cases, 140 (70%) were male, giving a sex ratio of 2.3. The mean age of our patients was 35.5 years (range: 14-81 years). The group age of 20 to 39 years was the most affected (55,5% of patients). The median diagnostic delay was 4 months (range: 7 days to 2 years). Haemoptysis revealed the disease in 27% of cases. The chest X-ray showed bilateral lesions in 65% of cases. When they were unilateral, the right side was the most concerned. Of the 200 patients, the lesions interested all parts of at least one lung in 106 (53%). Among our patients, 153 (76.5%) had cavitations and 145 (72.5%) had infiltrates. A pleural effusion was associated to the lung lesions in 10% of the patients. Biologically, we reported 80% cases (n=160) of hypochromic microcytic anaemia. Of the 27 HIV tests done, 18 (66.7%) were positive all for HIV1. Delay in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis was very long and our data illustrate the need for improved education of the community and event of healthcare workers about the benefit of early diagnosis of tuberculosis. PMID:18288047

Mbatchou Ngahane, B H; Diatta, A; Touré, N O; Dia Kane, Y; Ba Diop, S; Ndiaye, E H M; Niang, A; Sah Belinga, A; Agodokpessi, G; Ngakoutou, R; Thiam, K; Hane, A A

2008-01-01

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A Survey on the Attitude of Professors & Residents of Clinical Wards about Disclosing the Results of Diagnoses for Incurable Patients at Urmia University of Medical Sciences  

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Background and Objectives: One of the most important and complicated problems in medical ethics is to disclose the full truth about diagnosis of incurable diseases which leads to death, and each therapist may be encountered with it during the years of medical profession.

The aim of this study was to survey on attitude of professors and residents of clinical wards to disclose the diagnosis for incurable patients leadi...

Sh, Miri Ghaffarzadeh

2012-01-01

55

Self-assessed and clinically diagnosed periodontal health status among patients visiting the outpatient department of a dental school in Bangalore, India  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The purpose of the present cross-sectional study was to assess the extent of agreement between clinical and self-assessed periodontal health status among patients visiting the outpatient department of M.S. Ramaiah Dental College, Bangalore, India. Materials and Methods: The study population included 216 patients aged between 20 and 44 years who attended the outpatient department of the M.S. Ramaiah Dental College, Bangalore. The study population was subjected to a self-administered questionnaire (questions regarding bleeding gums, deposits on teeth, receding gums, swelling of gums, loose teeth, which was followed by periodontal examination. The clinical examination included an assessment of the periodontal condition, using the criteria of Loe and Silness Gingival Index, the Community Periodontal Index, and Mobility, respectively. Conclusion: The present study showed that the perceived periodontal health status was low and the discrepancy between the subjectively and objectively assessed needs was very distinct. The awareness of the periodontal problems has been reported to increase with increasing severity of the disease due to the destructive changes that set in.

Nagarajan Sripriya

2008-01-01

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Clinical Normative Data for Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire and Eating Disorder Inventory for DSM-5 Feeding and Eating Disorder Classifications: A Retrospective Study of Patients Formerly Diagnosed Via DSM-IV.  

Science.gov (United States)

Normative data for measures of eating disorder (ED) psychopathology provide a fundamental description of a presentation and a means to establish clinically significant change following an intervention. Clinical norms for the ED population are lacking and out of date following the publication of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders (DSM) 5. This study aimed to show that scores from the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-q) and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) differ across ED diagnosis groups and provide norm data for DSM-5 ED diagnoses. Patients (n?=?932) presenting to an out-patient service over 5?years were retrospectively re-diagnosed based on DSM-5 criteria. Statistical analysis showed a significant difference on most subscale scores of the EDE-q and the EDI across diagnosis. Means, standard deviations and percentile ranks are presented by diagnosis. The norms detailed contribute to improving the accuracy with which scores are interpreted when using DSM-5 and aid with the assessment of clinically significant change following treatment. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association. PMID:24888670

Brewin, Nicola; Baggott, Jonathan; Dugard, Pat; Arcelus, Jon

2014-07-01

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Correlation between clinical and histopathologic diagnoses of potentially malignant oral lesions  

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BACKGROUND: The serious nature of potentially malignant oral lesions (PMOL) demands that the final diagnosis be made on both clinical and histopathologic grounds. The aim of the present study was to determine the correlation between clinical and histopathologic diagnoses of PMOL using a discrepancy index (DI). METHODS: Fifty-one patients with PMOL were examined clinically, and a biopsy was taken from each one. The results of histopathologic diagnosis were compared with the clinical diagnosis....

Bokor-Brati? Marija; Vu?kovi? Nada; Mirkovi? Siniša

2004-01-01

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A 2.84 Mb deletion at 21q22.11 in a patient clinically diagnosed with Marden-Walker syndrome.  

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We present a girl with the characteristic clinical picture associated with Marden-Walker syndrome (MWS; OMIM 248700), including mask-like face with blepharophimosis, joint contractures, intellectual disability, a multicystic dysplastic kidney and cerebral dysgenesis. The long-term follow-up allowed us to monitor the evolution of the phenotype in this patient, and among the main findings we highlight the following: demyelination of the pyramidal tract demonstrated by transcranial magnetic stimulation and the involvement of the levator muscles of angle of mouth in fixed facial expression with relative integrity of the rest of the facial expression muscles. A 244 k array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) was carried out and showed a de novo interstitial deletion of approximately 2.84 Mb affecting only the cytoband 21q22.11 (genome coordinates chr21:31,874,016-34,711,763). We selected 10 of the most recent published cases with either total or partial deletions of cytoband 21q22.11 that provided good characterization of the genomic size or the genes in the deleted regions. We observed that in nine of the 10 cases the deleted regions included the RUNX1 gene in 21q22.12, which is not affected in the current patient's deletion or in that of Patient 3 from Roberson et al. [2011]. After a comparison of shared deleted genes between cases, and correlation of their potential phenotypes, we concluded that the pattern of defects considered for a diagnosis of MWS may represent part of the phenotypic expression of a partial or total deletion of 21q22.11. PMID:23894067

Carrascosa-Romero, María Carmen; Suela, Javier; Pardal-Fernández, José Manuel; Bermejo-Sánchez, Eva; Vidal-Company, Alberto; MacDonald, Alexandra; Tébar-Gil, Roque; Martínez-Fernández, María Luisa; Martínez-Frías, María Luisa

2013-09-01

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Patient specific modelling in diagnosing depression  

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Depression is a very common disease. Approximately 10% of people in the Western world experience severe depression during their lifetime and many more experience a mild form of depression. It is commonly believed that depression is caused by malfunctions in the biological system constituted by the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. We pose a novel model capable of showing both circardian as well as ultradian oscillations of hormone concentrations. We show that these patterns imitate those observed in the corresponding data. We demonstrate that patient-specific modelling shows its ability to make diagnoses more precise and to offer individual treatment plans and drug design. Efficient and reliable methods for parameter estimation are crucial. Presently we are investigating how well the Metropolis-Hastings Algorithm of the Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method for estimating the parameters is working and we are about to do the same using iteratively refined principal differential analysis (iPDA) or the approximated maximum likelihood estimate (AMLE). Preliminary results for both methods are promising. The next step is to investigate which parameters there are responsible for which pathologies by statistical hypothesis testing.

Ottesen, Johnny T.

2014-01-01

60

Discrepâncias clínico-patológicas em pacientes graves com difícil diagnóstico pre-mortem Clinical-pathological discrepancies in critically ill patients with difficult premortem diagnoses  

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Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A importância das autópsias é um tema comum de discussão tanto no Brasil como em todo o mundo, já que pode elucidar as causas de óbito e tem um valor social muito amplo. Entretanto, esta prática vem sendo gradualmente considerada desnecessária, tendo ocorrido um declínio no número de exames post-mortem. OBJETIVOS: Comparar o diagnóstico clínico e patológico em pacientes com difícil diagnóstico pre-mortem. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados todos os casos de autópsias (em um total de 98 de pacientes oriundos de três unidades de terapia intensiva médico-cirúrgicas (total de 78 leitos pertencentes a uma faculdade de medicina, realizadas no período de janeiro de 2003 a dezembro de 2006. Analisamos os diagnósticos clínicos e patológicos segundo os critérios de Goldman. RESULTADOS: Em 49 casos (50% foram encontradas discordâncias classes I e II de Goldman. Por outro lado, apenas 30 (30,6% dos casos tiveram uma concordância completa entre os diagnósticos pre-mortem e post-mortem sendo classificados como classe V. As infecções tiveram uma taxa de concordância significantemente maior do que as doenças cardiovasculares. CONCLUSÃO: Encontramos discrepâncias significantes entre os achados clínicos e patológicos, o que reforça o valor dos exames post-mortem.INTRODUCTION: The importance of autopsies is a common theme of discussions both in Brazil and around the world as it elucidates causes of death and has wide ranging social value. However this is a practice that is gradually being considered unnecessary and there have been a decline in the number of postmortems examinations. OBJECTIVES: To compare clinical and pathological diagnosis in critically ill patients with difficult premortem diagnosis. METHODS: All autopsy cases (total of 98 from any of the three general medical/surgical intensive care units (78 beds in total affiliated to the medical school from January 2003 to December 2006 were analyzed. We analyzed the clinical and pathological diagnosis based on the Goldman criteria. RESULTS: In 49 (50% cases, there were class I and II of Goldman. In contrast, only 30 (30.6% had a complete agreement between premortem and postmortem diagnosis and were classified as class V. Infections had a significantly greater rate of concordant diagnosis than cardiovascular diseases. CONCLUSION: We found significant discrepancies between clinical and pathological findings, reinforcing the value of postmortem examination.

Aline Fusco Fares

2011-12-01

 
 
 
 
61

Clinical spectrum of pulmonary hamartoma diagnosed by surgical resection  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We retrospectively reviewed our institutional experience of pulmonary hamartomas. We analyzed the records of 23 patients with pulmonary hamartomas which were diagnosed by surgical resection. There were 12 males and 11 females. Their mean age was 53.5 years old (range: 28 to 71 years). Twenty patients were asymptomatic, 2 had chest pain and 1 had a cough. Twenty-two patients had solitary and only 1 patient had multiple lesions. The tumor sizes ranged from 0.5 to 3.0 cm (mean: 1.5 cm). Graphically, 6 patients had calcification which was not popcorn-like. We could not diagnose nodules by bronchoscopic biopsy, which was preoperatively performed in 17 patients. Surgery was performed because we could not rule out malignancy in all patients. Surgical procedures consisted of 6 enucleation, 16 wedge resection and 1 lobectomy. Video-assisted thoracic surgery was performed in 17 patients. To diagnose pulmonary nodule, whose malignancy is difficult to determine, surgical resection should be considered. (author)

2008-07-01

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Consistency rates of clinical and histopathologic diagnoses of oral soft tissue exophytic lesions  

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Full Text Available Background and aims. Histpathologic diagnosis of exophytic lesions is occasionally influenced by clinical and radiographic diagnosis and even the surgeon’s observation during biopsy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cases with failure in clinical diagnosis. Materials and methods. A total of 73 patients with peripheral exophytic lesions were evaluated in Zahedan Faculty of Dentistry in 2006. Specialists gave their differential diagnoses based on the criteria of oral medicine texts. Then a biopsy was taken and the histopathologic diagnosis was determined. Finally, consistency rates of clinical and histopathologic diagnoses were determined. Statistical analysis was carried out with SPSS software using Chi-Square and Fisher’s exact tests. Results. In the present study 73 subjects with oral soft tissue (peripheral exophytic lesions were orally examined and biopsies were taken. Forty-four subjects (60.35% were females and 29 (39.7% were males. A total of 81.7% (62 subjects of clinical diagnoses were consistent with histopathologic reports. In 18.3% (11 subjects of the cases clinical diagnoses were not confirmed by histopathologic reports. Conclusion. In order to reach a diagnostic agreement, conformity of clinical and histopathologic diagnoses is necessary.

Javad Sarabadani

2009-09-01

63

Patients Diagnosed With Severe Adult GH Deficiency Using The Insulin Tolerance Test, Arginine Or Glucagon Stimulation Tests Share Similar Clinical Features  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective: To determine whether the ITT, arginine (AST) and glucagon stimulation tests (GST) identify patients who have similar features of GH deficiency using a diagnostic threshold of 3 µg/l.Patients and Methods: 5453 tests were available from 4,867 patients registered in the KIMS database (49.9% females, ITT = 3111, AST = 1390, GST = 952). Comparisons were made for GH peak, BMI, lipids, waist circumference, waist:hip ratio and quality of life (QoL-AGHDA questionnaire).Results. There were significant (p

Toogood, Andy; Brabant, Georg

2011-01-01

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Immune system markers of neuroinflammation in patients with clinical diagnose of neuromyelitis optica / Marcadores imunológicos em pacientes com diagnóstico de neuromielite óptica  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A neuromielite óptica (NMO) é doença inflamatória do sistema nervoso central, caracterizada por mielite aguda ou subaguda grave e neurite óptica unilateral ou bilateral. Este estudo objetiva analisar parâmetros imunológicos de pacientes com critérios de Wingerchuck et al. (1999) para NMO. O método d [...] e ELISA avaliou a produção de IgG e IgA para antígenos da proteína básica da mielina (MBP), o proteolipídeo (PLP) 95-116, a glicoproteina associada ao oligodendrócito (MOG) 92-106 e as citocinas interleucina-4 (IL-4) e interferon-gama (INF-?). Foram inclu?dos 28 pacientes com NMO pareados com controles saudáveis. Pacientes com NMO apresentaram níveis significativamente elevados de imunoglobulinas reativas dos isotipos IgG para MOG (p Abstract in english Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system characterized by the association of a serious myelitis and unilateral or bilateral optic neuritis. The present study aimed to analyze the immunological parameters of NMO patients with diagnosis establi [...] shed based on Wingerchuck et al. (1999) criteria. Production of IgG and IgA antibodies to antigens of MBP, PLP 95-116, MOG 92-106, and the cytokines interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interferon-? (INF-?) were assessed by Elisa assay. The cohort was formed by 28 NMO patients and a matched healthy control group. NMO patients had significant high levels of IgG to MOG (p

Soniza Vieira, Alves-Leon; Maria Lucia Vellutini, Pimentel; Gabrielle, Sant' Anna; Fabíola Rachid, Malfetano; Cláudio Duque, Estrada; Thereza, Quirico- Santos.

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[Epidemiology, clinical spectrum of ALS and differential diagnoses].  

Science.gov (United States)

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is the most common motor neuron disease in adults. Its incidence in France is estimated at 2.5 per 100,000 population and its prevalence between 5 and 8 per 100,000 inhabitants. Good prognostic factors are age of early onset, a longer time to diagnosis, initial damage to the spinal onset, early management of undernutrition and restrictive respiratory failure. The diagnosis of ALS is primarily clinical and is based on the evidence of involvement of the central motor neuron and peripheral neuron (NMP) in different territories or spinal or bulbar. The EMG confirms the achievement of NMP, shows the extension to clinically preserved areas and allows to exclude some differential diagnoses. The clinical spectrum of ALS is broad: conventional forms beginning brachial, lower limb or bulbar onsets, rarer forms to start breathing, pyramidal forms, forms with cognitive and behavioural impairment. In 5-10% of cases, ALS is familial. In 15% of cases, it is associated with frontotemporal degeneration rather than orbito-frontal type. The main differential diagnoses are guided by the clinic: combining pure motor neuropathy with or without conduction block, post-polio syndrome, cramp-fasciculation syndrome, myasthenia gravis, paraneoplastic syndromes, Sjögren syndrome, retroviral infections, some endocrine disorders, some metabolic diseases, genetic diseases (Kennedy and SMA) and inclusion body myositis. PMID:24703738

Couratier, Philippe; Marin, Benoît; Lautrette, Géraldine; Nicol, Marie; Preux, Pierre-Marie

2014-05-01

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Immune system markers of neuroinflammation in patients with clinical diagnose of neuromyelitis optica Marcadores imunológicos em pacientes com diagnóstico de neuromielite óptica  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Neuromyelitis optica (NMO is an inflammatory, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system characterized by the association of a serious myelitis and unilateral or bilateral optic neuritis. The present study aimed to analyze the immunological parameters of NMO patients with diagnosis established based on Wingerchuck et al. (1999 criteria. Production of IgG and IgA antibodies to antigens of MBP, PLP 95-116, MOG 92-106, and the cytokines interleukin-4 (IL-4 and interferon-? (INF-? were assessed by Elisa assay. The cohort was formed by 28 NMO patients and a matched healthy control group. NMO patients had significant high levels of IgG to MOG (pA neuromielite óptica (NMO é doença inflamatória do sistema nervoso central, caracterizada por mielite aguda ou subaguda grave e neurite óptica unilateral ou bilateral. Este estudo objetiva analisar parâmetros imunológicos de pacientes com critérios de Wingerchuck et al. (1999 para NMO. O método de ELISA avaliou a produção de IgG e IgA para antígenos da proteína básica da mielina (MBP, o proteolipídeo (PLP 95-116, a glicoproteina associada ao oligodendrócito (MOG 92-106 e as citocinas interleucina-4 (IL-4 e interferon-gama (INF-?. Foram inclu?dos 28 pacientes com NMO pareados com controles saudáveis. Pacientes com NMO apresentaram níveis significativamente elevados de imunoglobulinas reativas dos isotipos IgG para MOG (p<0,0001, PLP (p=0,0002 e MBP (p<0,0001 e IgA somente para MBP (p<0,0001. Os níveis de INF-? (p=0,61 foram semelhantes aos controles. A produção elevada de IL-4 (p=0,0084 indica papel importante na ativação de células regulatórias Th2 e linfócitos B produtores de IgA e da ativação da imunidade humoral.

Soniza Vieira Alves-Leon

2008-01-01

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Study of Selenium Concentration in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Non-Hodgkin`s Lymphoma  

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This study was designed to examine selenium concentrations in patients with newly diagnosed Non-Hodgkin`s Lymphoma (NHL) and the possible association between the levels of this trace element with clinical features of the disease. Also, to test the hypothesis that selenium concentration at presentation would predict for response to treatment. This study was carried out on fifty-patients with newly diagnosed NHL and 25 control subjects, blood samples were taken for measurement of selenium by sp...

2008-01-01

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Estudo clínico e laboratorial de pacientes com artrite reumatoide diagnosticados em serviços de reumatologia em Cascavel, PR, Brasil Clinical and laboratory features of patients with rheumatoid arthritis diagnosed at rheumatology services in the Brazilian municipality of Cascavel, PR, Brazil  

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Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Estudos epidemiológicos brasileiros sobre artrite reumatoide são bastante escassos, e os dados existentes hoje são majoritariamente de literatura internacional. OBJETIVOS: Determinar a incidência e algumas características clínicas e laboratoriais de pacientes com artrite reumatoide em Cascavel, PR, Brasil. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Os dados foram coletados entre agosto de 2010 e julho de 2011 em todos os serviços de saúde do município que possuíam atendimento na especialidade de reumatologia: um hospital universitário, o Centro Regional de Especialidades do Consórcio Intermunicipal de Saúde do Oeste do Paraná (CRE-CISOP e quatro clínicas privadas da cidade. RESULTADOS: Foram identificados 38 pacientes com diagnóstico de artrite reumatoide, resultando em uma incidência estimada de 13,4 casos/100.000 habitantes/ano. Trinta e dois pacientes eram do gênero feminino, com média de idade de 47,6 anos. A faixa etária com maior incidência foi > 40 anos. O tempo médio entre os primeiros sintomas e o diagnóstico foi de 12,4 meses. O fator reumatoide foi positivo em 68,4% dos casos, e 18,4% já apresentavam alterações radiológicas no momento do diagnóstico. O tratamento farmacológico dos pacientes também foi avaliado e mostrou estar de acordo com o encontrado na literatura. CONCLUSÃO: A incidência de artrite reumatoide obtida em Cascavel está abaixo das incidências observadas em estudos internacionais.INTRODUCTION: Brazilian epidemiological studies on rheumatoid arthritis are scarce, thus all data currently available originate from the international literature. OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and some clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with rheumatoid arthritis in the municipality of Cascavel, state of Paraná, Brazil. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected between August 2010 and July 2011 in all health services of the municipality of Cascavel that provided health care in Rheumatology: a university-affiliated hospital, a public outpatient clinic and four private clinics. RESULTS: We identified 38 patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, resulting in an estimated incidence of 13.4 cases per 100,000 inhabitants/year. Thirty two patients were females, whose mean age was 47.6 years. The age group with the highest incidence was over 40 years. The mean time between first symptoms and diagnosis was 12.4 months. Rheumatoid factor was positive in 68.4% of the patients, and 18.4% already had radiological abnormalities at diagnosis. The pharmacological treatment of patients was also assessed and proved to be in accordance with those found in the literature. CONCLUSION: The incidence of rheumatoid arthritis obtained in the municipality of Cascavel was lower than those reported in international studies.

Juliano Maximiano David

2013-02-01

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Correlation between clinical and histopathologic diagnoses of potentially malignant oral lesions  

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Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The serious nature of potentially malignant oral lesions (PMOL demands that the final diagnosis be made on both clinical and histopathologic grounds. The aim of the present study was to determine the correlation between clinical and histopathologic diagnoses of PMOL using a discrepancy index (DI. METHODS: Fifty-one patients with PMOL were examined clinically, and a biopsy was taken from each one. The results of histopathologic diagnosis were compared with the clinical diagnosis. We established that the histopathologic diagnosis was incompatible when the clinical diagnosis was not confirmed. On the basis of the incompatible diagnosis, we calculated a discrepancy index between the clinical and histopathologic diagnosis. RESULTS: Clinically, the homogeneous leukoplakia was the most frequent lesion followed by erosive lichen planus and reticular lichen planus. No cases of erythroplakia were observed. Lesions were most frequently seen at the buccal mucosa, followed by the gingiva (alveolar mucosa and tongue. The histopathologic diagnosis showed that the majority of the lesions were benign keratoses followed by lichen planus. Three cases of epithelial dysplasia were mild. The DI between clinical and histopathologic diagnosis was 17.6 %. The higher DI was found in erosive lichen planus. CONCLUSION: The obtained findings show that in 90% of leukoplakias, clinical diagnosis was confirmed by histopathologic examination. The discrepancy between clinical and histopathologic diagnoses in 17.6 % of cases suggests that all PMOLs should be submitted to histological analysis.

Bokor-Brati? Marija

2004-01-01

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Screening of Cushing's syndrome in adult patients with newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus  

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OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that a relatively high number of diabetic patients may have unsuspected Cushing's syndrome (CS). The aim of the present study was to screen for CS in adult patients with newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus who were not selected for clinical characteristics, such as poor control and obesity, which may increase the pre-test probability of CS. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENT: We prospectively evaluated 100 consecutive diabetic patients at diagnosis from 2003 t...

Angeli, Alberto; Allasino, Barbara; Terzolo, Massimo; Reimondo, Giuseppe; Bovio, Silvia

2007-01-01

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Imaging and clinical follow-up of newborns diagnosed with pyelectasia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A prospective, retrospective and descriptive study was conducted in 261 newborns diagnosed with pyelectasia, seen in the Neonatology consultation of the 'Juan Manuel Marquez' Children and University Hospital from 1995 to 2007. The statistical methods used were the absolute frequencies and the percentage figures, mean and quartiles. Also, the ratio difference test was applied. Patients were assessed according clinic and by radioimage studies to specify exactly the cause and course of pyelectasia

2010-01-01

72

Serum zinc levels in children of 0–24 months diagnosed with pneumonia admitted to our clinic  

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Aim: We have planned to study the relationship between zinc (Zn) plasma levels, as well as pneumonia criteria, and zinc in healthy children younger than 2 years of age compared to pediatric patients diagnosed with pneumonia and admitted to a hospital. Materials and methods: The study enrolled 25 patients of 0-24 months referring to our hospital's pediatric clinic, who were then diagnosed with bronchopneumonia based on the World Health Organization diagnostic criteria and admitted to suckling ...

Ar?ca, Sec?il; Ar?ca, Vefik; Dag, Hu?seyin; Kaya, Ays?en; Hatipoglu, Sami; Fenercioglu, Aysen; Karatekin, Gu?ner

2011-01-01

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Can we clinically diagnose dementia with Lewy bodies yet?  

Science.gov (United States)

Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) was initially identified and confirmed primarily by pathology, but is soon to be incorporated into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual criteria as a clinical disease entity. Despite these advances over more than 20 years, current data suggest that the sensitivity of accurate clinical diagnosis of DLB is still very low, although there is mounting evidence that supportive features may increase diagnostic accuracy. Although DLB remains easy to identify pathologically with different cellular pathologies differentiating it from other dementia syndromes, pathological identification using only Lewy body pathology has been shown to be inaccurate due to overlap with patients without dementia symptoms. A number of studies now suggest that a combination of cellular pathologies, which include ?-synuclein and ?-amyloid deposition as well as dopamine denervation, assist with differentiating this dementia syndrome from others. The clinical and pathological overlap with the tauopathy of Alzheimer's disease still remains to be clarified. To determine more robust and independent clinicopathological correlates from Alzheimer's disease, longitudinal prospective studies, using specific clinical batteries on dementia patients reaching the proposed criteria for DLB, with post-mortem assessment of the multiple pathologies associated with dementia, are required. Identifying genetic causes for DLB is another approach to investigate the pathogenesis of DLB. However this approach has been hindered to date by difficulties with identifying DLB clinically. The use of novel techniques is likely to advance knowledge on the pathogenesis of DLB and assist with redefining clinical and pathologic diagnostic criteria. To achieve the goal of more accurate clinical diagnosis of DLB, breakthroughs are necessary on the pathogenesis of DLB. PMID:23398715

Huang, Yue; Halliday, Glenda

2013-01-01

74

Can we clinically diagnose dementia with Lewy bodies yet?  

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Full Text Available Abstract Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB was initially identified and confirmed primarily by pathology, but is soon to be incorporated into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual criteria as a clinical disease entity. Despite these advances over more than 20 years, current data suggest that the sensitivity of accurate clinical diagnosis of DLB is still very low, although there is mounting evidence that supportive features may increase diagnostic accuracy. Although DLB remains easy to identify pathologically with different cellular pathologies differentiating it from other dementia syndromes, pathological identification using only Lewy body pathology has been shown to be inaccurate due to overlap with patients without dementia symptoms. A number of studies now suggest that a combination of cellular pathologies, which include ?-synuclein and ?-amyloid deposition as well as dopamine denervation, assist with differentiating this dementia syndrome from others. The clinical and pathological overlap with the tauopathy of Alzheimer’s disease still remains to be clarified. To determine more robust and independent clinicopathological correlates from Alzheimer’s disease, longitudinal prospective studies, using specific clinical batteries on dementia patients reaching the proposed criteria for DLB, with post-mortem assessment of the multiple pathologies associated with dementia, are required. Identifying genetic causes for DLB is another approach to investigate the pathogenesis of DLB. However this approach has been hindered to date by difficulties with identifying DLB clinically. The use of novel techniques is likely to advance knowledge on the pathogenesis of DLB and assist with redefining clinical and pathologic diagnostic criteria. To achieve the goal of more accurate clinical diagnosis of DLB, breakthroughs are necessary on the pathogenesis of DLB.

Huang Yue

2013-02-01

75

Diagnosing and managing dementia patients. Practice patterns of family physicians.  

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OBJECTIVE: To examine the practice patterns of family physicians in diagnosing and managing patients with dementia. DESIGN: In-depth structured interviews. SETTING: Metropolitan Toronto family practices. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty family physicians who referred patients to a specialized community psychiatry service for the elderly in the previous year. METHOD: Two vignettes focusing on diagnosis and management issues were developed for the study. Physicians were asked how they would handle the clin...

Cheok, A. S.; Cohen, C. A.; Zucchero, C. A.

1997-01-01

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Whipple's disease in Spain: a clinical review of 91 patients diagnosed between 1947 and 2001 / Enfermedad de Whipple en España: Revisión clínica de 91 pacientes diagnosticados durante 1947-2001  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Fundamento: conocer las características epidemiológicas, clínicas, diagnósticas y terapéuticas de la enfermedad de Whipple en España. Pacientes y método: se revisan los casos de enfermedad de Whipple de la literatura española que cumplen criterios histológicos o de PCR desde 1947 hasta 2001. Resulta [...] dos: se incluyeron 91 casos. El 87,5% eran hombres. La incidencia máxima fue entre los 40 y 60 años de edad (68%). No hubo agregación familiar ni preferencia por profesión o entorno ambiental. Los síntomas y signos más habituales fueron: adelgazamiento (80%), diarrea (63%), adenopatías (35%), cutáneos (32%), dolor abdominal (27%), fiebre (23%), articulares (20%) y neurológicos (16%). Artralgias, diarrea y fiebre se referían previamente al diagnóstico en el 58, 18 y 13% de los enfermos, respectivamente. El diagnóstico fue histológico en todos salvo en dos que se diagnosticaron por PCR. La biopsia intestinal fue positiva en el 94%. Las biopsias de adenopatías (mesentéricas o periféricas) fueron orientadoras en un 13%. El tratamiento fue eficaz en el 89%. Hubo 9 recidivas, 4 neurológicas, estas antes de la introducción del cotrimoxazol. Conclusiones: la enfermedad de Whipple no es tan infrecuente. Se precisa un alto índice de sospecha para diagnosticarla en ausencia de síntomas digestivos. El método diagnóstico más empleado y más sensible es la biopsia duodenal. Se empieza a introducir la técnica de PCR para confirmar el diagnóstico y como control terapéutico. El tratamiento antibiótico inicial con antibióticos que pasan la barrera hematoencefálica como cotrimoxazol y ceftriaxona es determinante para la curación de los pacientes y evitar las recidivas. Abstract in english Background: to determine the epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic characteristics of Whipple's disease in Spain. Patients and method: cases of Whipple's disease reported in the Spanish literature between 1947 and 2001 which meet histological or PCR criteria are reviewed. Results: 91 [...] cases were included, 87.5% of which were male. The maximum incidence was between 40 and 60 years of age (68%). There was no family clustering or susceptibility by profession or surroundings. The most common symptoms and signs were: weight loss (80%), diarrhoea (63%), adenopathies (35%), skin problems (32%), abdominal pain (27%), fever (23%), joint problems (20%) and neurological problems (16%). Arthralgias, diarrhoea and fever were noted prior to diagnosis in 58, 18 and 13% of patients, respectively. Diagnosis was histological in all cases except two, which were diagnosed by PCR. Intestinal biopsy was positive in 94%. Adenopathic biopsies (mesenteric or peripheral) were suggestive in 13% of cases, and treatment was effective in 89%. There were nine relapses, four of which were neurological, although all occurred before the introduction of cotrimoxazole. Conclusions: Whipple's disease is not uncommon, although it requires a high degree of suspicion to be diagnosed in the absence of digestive symptoms. The most common and most sensitive diagnostic method is duodenal biopsy. PCR is beginning to be introduced to confirm the diagnosis and as a therapeutic control. Initial antibiotic treatment with drugs that cross the blood-brain barrier, such as cotrimoxazole and ceftriaxone, is key to achieving a cure and avoiding relapses.

E., Ojeda; A., Cosme; J., Lapaza; J., Torrado; I., Arruabarrena; L., Alzate.

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Student documentation of multiple diagnoses in family practice patients using a handheld student encounter log.  

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Patient encounter logs may provide an important early opportunity to assess beginning clinical students' attention to and experience with many medical problems. However, there are reasons to doubt the completeness of traditional paper logs. The family practice clerkship at Washington University in St. Louis has tried a series of structured paper and hand held computer logs in search of a format that permits students to completely document their patients' diagnoses. The clerkship introduced a ...

Sumner, W.

2001-01-01

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Estudio epidemiológico y clínico de los pacientes diagnosticados de tuberculosis en el área noroeste de Madrid / Clinical and epidemiological study of patients diagnosed with tuberculosis in the northwest area of Madrid  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Estimar la incidencia y las características epidemiológicas y clínicas de los pacientes diagnosticado de Tuberculosis en un hospital comarcal de área noroeste de Madrid, para determinar si existe un aumento de la incidencia debido a la inmigración. Material y métodos: Se revisaron los caso [...] s de tuberculosis desde Enero de 1996 a Junio del 2001, buscados a través del laboratorio de anatomía patológica y microbiología, recogiendo de las historias clínicas datos demográficos, clínicos y diagnósticos de la enfermedad. Resultados: Se registraron un total de 66 tuberculosis (10 de ellos en inmigrantes) con una incidencia del 13/100.000 habitantes en el 1996, descendiendo hasta una incidencia del 7/100.000 en el 2000. La mediana de la edad es de 34 años con una incidencia del doble en varones (31/100.000 habitantes) respecto a las mujeres (17/100.000). El factor de riesgo predominante es el alcoholismo con 11 casos (16.7%). Las pruebas diagnosticas más empleadas fueron la radiografía de tórax realizada en 61/66 (92%) y fue positiva en 57 (93,4%), BAAR 59 (89%) siendo positiva 34 (57,6%), cultivo de esputo 47 (71%) dando positiva 32 (68%) y el Mantoux 28 (42%) siendo positiva 20 (71.4%). La localización de la enfermedad es principalmente pleuro-pulmonar 50 casos (75%). No se tipificaron prácticamente mycobacterias atípicas (5 casos). Hubo una buena respuesta al tratamiento siendo tratados con tres fármacos (isoniacida, rifampicina y piracinamida) el 88% de los pacientes con un tiempo de duración de 6,8 meses (DE: 2,8). Conclusión: La incidencia de tuberculosis en el área noroeste de Madrid es inferior al resto de la Comunidad de Madrid, descendió en el 1997 y se ha mantenido en el 9/100.000 hasta el 2000 pese al aumento de la inmigración. Abstract in english Objective: Estimate the incidence and the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with tuberculosis in a county hospital located in the north western area of the Autonomous Region of Madrid, to determine if there has been an increase due to immigration. Material and method [...] s: Tuberculosis cases from January, 1996 to June, 2001 were analysed, researched through the Microbiology and Pathologic Anatomy Laboratory, fetching information such as demographics, clinical studies and disease diagnostics from the different medical histories. Results: A total of 66 tuberculosis cases were registered, ten of them among immigrants, with an incidence of 13/100.000 inhabitants in 1996, decreasing to a 7/100.000 incidence in 2000. The age average is 34 with double the incidence in males (31/100.000) than females (17/100.000). The main risk factor is alcoholism with 11 cases (16.7%). The most commonly used diagnostic tests were the thorax radiography (61/66, 92%) with 57 (93.4%) positive identifications, culture of esputo (47/66, 71%) with 32 (68%) positive ids, and the Mantoux test (28, 42%) with 20 (71.4%) positive ids. The location of the illness is mainly pleuro-pulmonar in 50 cases (75%). There were almost no atypical mycobacterium found (5 cases). Overall, response to treatment with 3 drugs (isoniacide, rifampicine, piracinamide) was good in 88% of patients, with the average treatment lasting 6.8 months (ED: 2.8). Conclusion: The incidence of tuberculosis in the north western area of Autonomous Community of Madrid is below that of the rest of our Community. It dipped in 1997 and has been stable around 9/100.000 inhabitants until 2000, even with the effect of immigration.

M. C., Vieira Pascual; C., Bischofberger; C., Pérez de Oteyza.

79

Hidradenitis suppurativa: number of diagnosed patients, demographic characteristics, and treatment patterns in the United States.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent regional and insurance database studies indicate that diagnoses of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) are rare, with fewer than 200,000 affected patients in the United States. These findings are at odds with the generally accepted prevalence of approximately 1%. To estimate the number of patients diagnosed with HS, including patients enrolled in public health plans and the uninsured, we performed an investigation using National Center for Health Statistics databases of visits to health care providers. Survey data from physician offices and clinics, hospital outpatient departments, and emergency departments in the United States were analyzed. There were 254,000 (95% confidence interval: 180,000, 328,000) health care visits by patients with HS per year from 2002 to 2010. An annualized estimate of 118,000 (95% confidence interval: 83,000, 152,000) patients with HS diagnoses was determined. Excluding emergency department data, the annualized estimate was 100,000 (95% confidence interval: 67,000, 134,000) patients. Adults between 18 and 64 years of age comprised 92.8% (standard error, 2.6%) of HS patients. Of that working-age population, 31.5% (standard error, 5.6%) were enrolled in Medicare or Medicaid, which is a significantly higher proportion than for those in the same age group in the general population. A review of earlier surveys of HS prevalence was performed. HS is a rarely diagnosed disease, and epidemiologic data to support undiagnosed HS as a common disease are lacking. PMID:24812161

McMillan, Kathleen

2014-06-15

80

Clinical study of retrocaval ureter diagnosed by CT scan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Although retrocaval ureter is relatively uncommon congenital anomaly, surgical intervention is often necessary to alleviate the clinical signs and symptoms of the patients. Vena cavography has been indispensable imaging modality for the definitive diagnosis of this anomaly. Recently, however, CT scan in addition to excretory urography (IVP) and retrograde pyelography(RP) has been utilized in many reported cases in the diagnosis of retrocaval ureter. We have experienced 3 cases of retrocaval ureter consecutively. In this paper we report these 3 cases of retrocaval ureter, in which CT scan enabled us to confirm the definitive diagnosis. We also report another case of pelviureteric stenosis that was taken for retrocaval ureter by CT scan. Causes of the misdiagnosis is discussed. In conclusion CT scan is useful diagnostic modality in the diagnosis of retrocaval ureter and this lesser invasive technique might lessen the need for vena cavography. (author)

1987-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Do all patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer need staging radionuclide bone scan? a retrospective study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english PURPOSE: Define a group of patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer, whose risk of bone metastasis is low enough to omit a bone scan staging study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2003 to 2009, the medical records of patients who were newly diagnosed with prostate cancer were retrospectively review [...] ed. The data collected included: age, digital rectal examination, serum prostate specific antigen (PSA), Gleason score, clinical T stage, and bone isotope scan. Patients were divided into two groups according to the results of bone isotope scan; positive group and negative group. A univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression was used to analyze the results. RESULTS: Of the 106 patients, 98 had a complete data collection and were entered into the study. The median age of the patients was 70.5 years and patients with a positive bone scan was 74 years, significantly higher than for patients with negative scans (69 years) (p = 0.02). Bone metastasis was detected in 39 cases (39.7%). In all patients with clinical T1-2 stage, a Gleason score of 20 ng/mL) and Gleason score (> 7) were independently predictive of positive bone scan, while clinical stage was not. CONCLUSION: Staging bone scans can be omitted in patients with a PSA level of = 20 ng/mL, and Gleason score

Mohammed A., Al-Ghazo; Ibrahim F., Ghalayini; Rami S., Al-Azab; Ibrahim, Bani-Hani; Alaa, Barham; Yazan, Haddad.

82

Cerebral Lesions Diagnosed by Fluid Attenuated Inversion Recovery (FLAIR Imaging in Epileptic Patients  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to illustrate the spectrum of cerebral lesions diagnosed by Fluid Attenuated Inversion Recovery (FLAIR imaging in patients with epilepsy. A retrospective study was conducted on 104 patients with epilepsy who had undergone brain MRI with fluid attenuated inversion recovery sequence at the MRI center of Sheikholraiis clinic, Tabriz, Iran. Abnormalities scans were acquired in 66(63.5% patients. Space Occupying Tumors (SOT was detected in 25(24% patients, Vascular Malformations (VM in 17(16.35% patients, hippocampal sclerosis in 7(6.8% patients, Scars of Old Lesions (SOL in 7(6.8% patients, multiple sclerosis in 4(3.85% patients, malformations of cortical development in 2(1.9% patients and other in 4(3.85% patients. The most frequent lesions were Space Occupying Tumors (SOT, followed, in decreasing order by Vascular Malformations (VM and Hippocampal Sclerosis (HS. The most common tumors were low-grade gliomas.

2007-01-01

83

The heritability of clinically diagnosed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adults  

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Background: No prior twin study has explored the heritability of clinically diagnosed ADHD. Such studies are needed to resolve conflicting results regarding the importance of genetic effects for ADHD in adults. We aimed to estimate the relative contribution of genetic and environmental influences for clinically diagnosed ADHD across the life-span with a specific focus on ADHD in adults.

Larsson, Henrik; Chang, Zheng; D Onofrio, Brian; Lichtenstein, Paul

2013-01-01

84

Prevalence of microvascular complications in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background & Objective: Microvascular complications are the major outcome of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus progression, which reduce the quality of life, incur heavy economic burdens to the health care system and increase diabetic mortality. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of microvascular complications among newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients and to analyze the association between these complications and poor glycemic control. Methods: This cross sectional hospital based study was carried out in Diabetic Clinic of Shaikh Zayed Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore Pakistan. The study was conducted from November 2011 to November 2012 among newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients. Relevant information of all patients was recorded with the help of a proforma. They were investigated for retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy. Results: We have divided the patients into two groups: Group I with good glycemic control (HbA1c 6.5). In group II microvascular complications were 89.8%. Neuropathy, nephropathy and retinopathy were present in 68.5%, 56.2% and 31.4% respectively. These similar percentages in Group I were 50%, 0% and 31% respectively and are significantly lower. Conclusion: The study showed that even in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients who had poor glycemic control, frequency of microvascular complications is much higher as compared to those who had average glycemic control. Thus tight glycemic control does count even in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetics to prevent and minimize the occurrence of complications. PMID:24353655

Ali, Alia; Iqbal, Farrukh; Taj, Azeem; Iqbal, Zafar; Amin, Muhammad Joher; Iqbal, Qasim Zafar

2013-07-01

85

Initial response to antiepileptic drugs in patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy.  

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This study aimed to identify factors predicting the response to antiepileptic drugs in patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy. We prospectively studied 176 patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy. Patients were included if they had a history of two or more clinically definite unprovoked seizures, or had a definite epileptic focus on MRI or epileptiform discharges on electroencephalography if they had suffered only one seizure. The primary endpoint was seizure freedom during the initial 6months of antiepileptic drug treatment. The secondary endpoint was the time to the first seizure during the maintenance period of antiepileptic drug treatment. A total of 100 patients were included, and seizure freedom for 6months was achieved in 73 patients. The response to antiepileptic drugs was significantly lower in patients with early age at seizure onset (?16 versus >16years old, odds ratio=4; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.5-12.9; relative risk=1.4; 95% CI 1.1-1.8). In addition, the time to the first seizure during the maintenance period was significantly earlier in patients with age at seizure onset ?16years compared with those with age at seizure onset >16years on the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (p=0.011). Early age at seizure onset is an important factor influencing the response to antiepileptic drugs in patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy. PMID:24629395

Park, Kang Min; Hur, Yunjung; Kim, Hae Yu; Ji, Ki-Hwan; Hwang, Tae Gyu; Shin, Kyong Jin; Ha, Sam Yeol; Park, Jinse; Kim, Sung Eun

2014-06-01

86

Bullying behaviour among Norwegian adolescents: Psychiatric diagnoses and school well-being in a clinical sample.  

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Abstract Background: Few studies have focused the association between bullying and psychiatric disorders in clinical samples. The aim of this study was to examine if bullying behaviour was associated with psychiatric disorders and school well-being. Methods: The cross-sectional study was part of a health survey at St. Olav's University Hospital. The sample consisted of 685 adolescent patients aged 13-18 years who completed an electronic questionnaire. Clinical diagnoses were collected from clinical records. Results: In this clinical psychiatric sample, 19% reported being bullied often or very often, and 51% reported being bullied from time to time. Logistic regression analyses showed associations between being a victim and having a mood disorder, and between being involved in bullying behaviour and reporting lower scores on school well-being. No difference was found in bullying behaviour on gender, age and SES. Conclusion: The risk of being a victim was high among adolescents in this clinical sample, especially among patients with mood disorders. Any involvement in bullying behaviour was associated with reduced school well-being. PMID:24161252

Hansen, Hanne Hoff; Hasselgård, Cecilie Edh; Undheim, Anne Mari; Indredavik, Marit Sæbø

2014-07-01

87

Predictive factors for breast cancer in patients diagnosed atypical ductal hyperplasia at core needle biopsy  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Percutaneous core needle biopsy (CNB is considered to be the standard technique for histological diagnosis of breast lesions. But, it is less reliable for diagnosing atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH. The purpose of the present study was to predict, based on clinical and radiological findings, which cases of ADH diagnosed by CNB would be more likely to be associated with a more advanced lesion on subsequent surgical excision. Methods Between February 2002 and December 2007, consecutive ultrasound-guided CNBs were performed on suspicious breast lesions at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital. A total of 69 CNBs led to a diagnosis of ADH, and 45 patients underwent follow-up surgical excision. We reviewed the medical records and analyses retrospectively. Results Sixty-nine patients were diagnosed with ADH at CNB. Of these patients, 45 underwent surgical excision and 10 (22.2% were subsequently diagnosed with a malignancy (ductal carcinoma in situ, n = 8; invasive cancer, n = 2. Univariate analysis revealed age (? 50-years at the time of core needle biopsy (p = 0.006, size (> 10 mm on imaging (p = 0.033, and combined mass with microcalcification on sonography (p = 0.029 to be associated with underestimation. When those three factors were included in multivariate analysis, only age (p = 0.035, HR 6.201, 95% CI 1.135-33.891 was an independent predictor of malignancy. Conclusion Age (? 50 at the time of biopsy is an independent predictive factor for breast cancer at surgical excision in patients with diagnosed ADH at CNB. For patients diagnosed with ADH at CNB, only complete surgical excision is the suitable treatment option, because we could not find any combination of factors that can safely predict the absence of DCIS or invasive cancer in a case of ADH.

Lee Ahwon

2009-10-01

88

Unexpectedly diagnosed Caroli's disease on HIDA scintigraphy in a patient with calculous cholecystitis  

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Caroli's disease, which is a rare condition with congenital dilatation if the intrahepatic bile ducts, is usually diagnosed postoperatively. The clinical suspicion in a patient with gallstones and choledocholithiasis presenting with dilated intrahepatic biliary radicles and jaundice is usually an obstructive etiology. However, scintigraphic evaluation of this entity, as in this case, gives additional information on liver function, biliary drainage and predisposing conditions like Caroli's disease, which could be missed otherwise

Shinto, A. S.; Selvakumar, J. [Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Amalanagar (India)

2010-12-15

89

Clinical value of MRI and acute madopar responsiveness test in diagnosing progressive supranuclear palsy  

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Full Text Available Objective To investigate the MRI abnormalities and acute madopar responsiveness test in diagnosing progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP and Parkinson's disease (PD. Methods Seventeen patients with PSP and 17 gender and age matched patients with PD were studied with cranial MRI examinations and results of acute madopar responsiveness test, and the clinical manifestations of PSP were summarized. Results The atrophy of the midbrain tegmentum and hummingbird sign was demonstrated in all of the PSP patients in our study, but was not observed in the PD patients. The areas of the midbrain on mid-sagittal MRI in PSP patients [(77.35 ± 15.30 mm2] were significantly smaller than that in those with PD [(142.35 ± 31.49 mm2]. The average ratio of the area of the midbrain to the area of pons in the patients with PSP [(14.31 ± 2.47%] was significantly smaller than that in those with PD [(24.08 ± 4.73%; P = 0.000, for all]. According to the result of acute madopar responsiveness test, the maximum Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS ? improvement rate of 2 patients with PSP and 16 patients with PD was more than 30? (?2 = 23.142, P = 0.000. Conclusion The assessment of the mid-sagittal MRI and acute madopar responsiveness test may be a useful method to differentiate PSP from PD.

LI Xiao-hong

2013-07-01

90

A comparison of arthrography to clinical diagnostics for diagnosing meniscal lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A comparative investigation as to the exactness of clinical and arthrographical diagnostics was carried out on 176 patients who were clinically examined and operated on in the period of 1972-1980. Using solely clinical diagnostics, the total rate of exactness was 90,9%, the exactness regarding the internal meniscal lesion being significantly higher (94.2%) than that regarding external meniscal lesion (76.7%). Using solely arthrographic diagnostics, the total rate of exactness was 82%, the rate for internal meniscus being significantly lower (83.9%) than that obtained using clinical diagnostics. As for the external meniscus, the exactness of arthrography differs only slightly from clinical diagnostics with 74.7%. The most frequent sources of error in arthorgraphy were found to be lesions of the posterior horn at the internal meniscus. In cases of external meniscal lesions, especially when an internal meniscal lesion was existing at the same time, both examination methods failed in 5 cases. For routine diagnosing of meniscal lesions, arthrography is not necessary. An accurate clinical examination and anamnesis bring very good and exact results and should therefore be given absolute priority. (orig./MG)

1982-01-01

91

Guidelines and mindlines: why do clinical staff over-diagnose malaria in Tanzania? A qualitative study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Malaria over-diagnosis in Africa is widespread and costly both financially and in terms of morbidity and mortality from missed diagnoses. An understanding of the reasons behind malaria over-diagnosis is urgently needed to inform strategies for better targeting of antimalarials. Methods In an ethnographic study of clinical practice in two hospitals in Tanzania, 2,082 patient consultations with 34 clinicians were observed over a period of three months at each hospital. All clinicians were also interviewed individually as well as being observed during routine working activities with colleagues. Interviews with five tutors and 10 clinical officer students at a nearby clinical officer training college were subsequently conducted. Results Four, primarily social, spheres of influence on malaria over-diagnosis were identified. Firstly, the influence of initial training within a context where the importance of malaria is strongly promoted. Secondly, the influence of peers, conforming to perceived expectations from colleagues. Thirdly, pressure to conform with perceived patient preferences. Lastly, quality of diagnostic support, involving resource management, motivation and supervision. Rather than following national guidelines for the diagnosis of febrile illness, clinician behaviour appeared to follow 'mindlines': shared rationales constructed from these different spheres of influence. Three mindlines were identified in this setting: malaria is easier to diagnose than alternative diseases; malaria is a more acceptable diagnosis; and missing malaria is indefensible. These mindlines were apparent during the training stages as well as throughout clinical careers. Conclusion Clinicians were found to follow mindlines as well as or rather than guidelines, which incorporated multiple social influences operating in the immediate and the wider context of decision making. Interventions to move mindlines closer to guidelines need to take the variety of social influences into account.

Juma Kaseem

2008-04-01

92

Can we clinically diagnose dementia with Lewy bodies yet?  

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Abstract Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) was initially identified and confirmed primarily by pathology, but is soon to be incorporated into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual criteria as a clinical disease entity. Despite these advances over more than 20 years, current data suggest that the sensitivity of accurate clinical diagnosis of DLB is still very low, although there is mounting evidence that supportive features may increase diagnostic accuracy. Although DLB remains easy to...

2013-01-01

93

Using clinical signs to diagnose anaemia in African children.  

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Anaemia is a serious and common problem among young children in sub-Saharan Africa. As a first step towards developing guidelines for its recognition and treatment, we conducted a study to evaluate the ability of health workers to use clinical findings to identify children with anaemia. Health care workers examined a total of 1104 children under 5 years of age at two hospital-based outpatient clinics in rural Malawi. Blood samples were taken to determine haemoglobin concentrations. Pallor of ...

1995-01-01

94

Quality of urological cancer diagnoses in the Danish National Registry of Patients.  

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Valid and up-to-date data on cancer diagnoses are needed for clinical quality monitoring and epidemiological research. The Danish National Registry of Patients (DNRP) is continuously updated, recording all Danish hospital contacts including cancer diagnoses. The Danish Cancer Registry (DCR) is updated once a year and includes quality control of diagnoses. We compared the quality of urological cancer diagnoses in the DNRP with the DCR to assess whether data in an administrative hospital registry are valid compared with data from a well-established cancer registry. We identified 60 434 incident urological cancer cases in the DNRP and/or the DCR from 2001 to 2009. Completeness and the positive predictive value (PPV) of urological cancer registration in the DNRP were estimated using the DCR as the reference standard. To examine the impact of potential misclassification, we computed mortality estimates for urological cancer patients in each registry. Because DCR registration procedures changed in 2004, the periods 2001-2003 and 2004-2009 were analyzed separately. In 2004-2009, the overall completeness and PPV of urological cancer registration in the DNRP were 94.9% (95% confidence interval: 94.7-95.2%) and 86.6% (95% confidence interval: 86.3-86.9%), respectively, compared with diagnoses recorded in the DCR. Completeness and PPV of cancer registration in the DNRP varied between cancer subgroups. In 2001-2003, both completeness and PPV in the DNRP were slightly lower compared with 2004-2009. Mortality estimates in patients registered in the DNRP and the DCR varied slightly. The DNRP could be a valuable source of data for clinical quality monitoring and epidemiological research for some urological cancers, especially when current data are essential. PMID:22433631

Gammelager, Henrik; Christiansen, Christian Fynbo; Johansen, Martin Berg; Borre, Michael; Schoonen, Marieke; Sørensen, Henrik Toft

2012-11-01

95

Using clinical signs to diagnose anaemia in African children.  

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Anaemia is a serious and common problem among young children in sub-Saharan Africa. As a first step towards developing guidelines for its recognition and treatment, we conducted a study to evaluate the ability of health workers to use clinical findings to identify children with anaemia. Health care workers examined a total of 1104 children under 5 years of age at two hospital-based outpatient clinics in rural Malawi. Blood samples were taken to determine haemoglobin concentrations. Pallor of the conjunctiva, tongue, palm or nail beds was 66% sensitive and 68% specific in distinguishing children with moderate a anaemia (haemoglobin concentration, 5-8 g/dl) and 93% sensitive and 57% specific in distinguishing those with severe anaemia (haemoglobin concentration, < 5 g/dl). Even without laboratory support, which is often unavailable in rural Africa, clinical findings can identify the majority of children with anaemia. PMID:7554019

Luby, S P; Kazembe, P N; Redd, S C; Ziba, C; Nwanyanwu, O C; Hightower, A W; Franco, C; Chitsulo, L; Wirima, J J; Olivar, M A

1995-01-01

96

Antihypertensive medication prescription patterns and time trends for newly-diagnosed uncomplicated hypertension patients in Taiwan  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Knowledge of existing prescription patterns in the treatment of newly-diagnosed hypertension can provide useful information for improving clinical practice in this field. The aims of this study are to determine the prescription patterns and time trends for antihypertensive medication in newly-diagnosed cases of uncomplicated hypertension in Taiwan and to compare these with current clinical guidelines. Methods A total of 6,536 newly-diagnosed patients with uncomplicated hypertension, aged ?30 years, were identified from the representative 200,000-person sample in the computerized reimbursement database of the National Health Insurance in Taiwan. These patients were followed from 1998 to 2004 with all diagnoses, prescription data and medication charges being retrieved for subsequent analysis. Results Prescription patterns varied by age, gender and clinical facilities, with mono-therapies being found to be dominant in the first year, albeit declining over time. Calcium channel blockers and beta-blockers were the most frequently prescribed antihypertensive drugs, either alone or in combinations. Although least expensive, the prescription rates of diuretics were low, at 8.3% for mono-therapies and 19.9% overall. The prescription rate for angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs was elevated considerably over time. After controlling for other related factors by multiple logistic regression analysis, ARBs were found to be prescribed mainly by medical centers or regional hospitals. Conclusion These findings indicate the existence of a gap between current clinical practice and the desired goal of cost-effectiveness in antihypertensive treatment in Taiwan, which should be corrected.

Liu Pang-Hsiang

2008-06-01

97

Diagnosing childhood Tuberculosis in rural clinics in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa  

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Full Text Available Tuberculosis is a major global public health challenge and disease in young children is particularly severe. Diagnosing tuberculosis in children is complex as clinical presentation is often atypical and available diagnostic modalities are imperfect. Diagnosis is particularly challenging in developing countries where resources and access to sophisticated facilities are limited. The South African primary health care system requires frontline nurses to be equipped to suspect, diagnose and treat children with tuberculosis, but their capacity to diagnose childhood tuberculosis is unknown. Relatively low rates of childhood tuberculosis notification suggested that tuberculosis may have been under-diagnosed in Mpumalanga Province.

S.C. Vellema

2008-09-01

98

Changes in motivation for treatment in precontemplating dually diagnosed patients receiving assertive community treatment.  

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In a population of dually diagnosed patients receiving assertive community treatment we used the theoretical framework of the transtheoretical model to establish (a) the proportions and characteristics of patients who were not motivated for treatment for psychiatric symptoms and substance use, (b) the proportion of patients who moved towards behavioral change after about 1 year, and examine how this change was related with clinical outcome; and (c) the sequence of change processes. Chi square tests and T tests were used to compare the patient characteristics and outcomes of patients who remained in precontemplation with those who progressed. During follow-up, 47 % of the patients came out of the precontemplation phase for treatment of psychiatric symptoms and 38 % for substance use behavior. Those who remained in precontemplation benefited less from treatment. Of those who did move forward, most appeared to become motivated for psychiatric treatment before becoming motivated to reduce substance use. PMID:23288491

Kortrijk, H E; Mulder, C L; van Vliet, D; van Leeuwen, C; Jochems, E; Staring, A B P

2013-12-01

99

Assessment of clinical criteria to diagnose scrapie in Italy.  

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A reliable ante-mortem test for the detection of scrapie in all genotypes has not yet been developed and clinical diagnosis remains a useful tool for surveillance purposes. This paper describes the results of a three-year study in which clinical signs consistent with scrapie were recorded according to standardized criteria in 245 sheep from 21 outbreaks in Italy in order to identify helpful criteria for the diagnosis of the disease. Thirty-seven sheep were scrapie-positive at post-mortem rapid testing, 23 showed weight loss, 20 had proprioceptive deficits, 17 demonstrated ataxia and nibble reflex, and some sheep had a combination of signs. Six scrapie-positive sheep were asymptomatic. The clinical protocol was easy to handle and appears to be a useful tool for improving passive surveillance. The data suggested that positive clinical history, nibble, and nibble combined with proprioceptive positioning deficit have a quite high negative predictive value. The protocol will be proposed as a tool for field inspection in passive surveillance in Italy. PMID:16884935

D'Angelo, Antonio; Maurella, Cristiana; Bona, Cristina; Borrelli, Antonio; Caramelli, Maria; Elena Careddu, M; Jaggy, André; Ru, Giuseppe

2007-07-01

100

Serial analysis of imaging parameters in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme  

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The objective of this study was to test the predictive value of serial MRI data in relation to clinical outcome for patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Sixty-four patients with newly diagnosed GBM underwent conventional MRI and diffusion-weighted and perfusion-weighted imaging postsurgery and prior to radiation/chemotherapy (pre-RT), immediately after RT (post-RT), and every 1–2 months thereafter until tumor progression, up to a maximum of 1 year. Tumor volumes and perfusion and di...

Li, Yan; Lupo, Janine M.; Polley, Mei-yin; Crane, Jason C.; Bian, Wei; Cha, Soonmee; Chang, Susan; Nelson, Sarah J.

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Caracterización clinicoepidemiológica de pacientes con tuberculosis diagnosticada en el Hospital Provincial "Celia Sánchez Manduley" / Clinical and epidemiological characterization of patients with tuberculosis diagnosed in "Celia Sánchez Manduley" Provincial Hospital  

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Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y longitudinal de 63 pacientes con tuberculosis, atendidos en el Hospital Clinicoquirúrgico Docente Universitario "Celia Sánchez Manduley" de Manzanillo, provincia de Granma, desde el 2009 hasta el 2011, con vistas a caracterizarles según factores cli [...] nicoepidemiológicos de interés. Entre las variables analizadas figuraron: edad, sexo, procedencia, factores de riesgo, formas clínicas de la tuberculosis, tipo de tuberculosis extrapulmonares y categoría de casos. En la casuística predominaron el sexo masculino, los grupos etarios de 45-65 años, procedentes en su mayoría de zonas rurales; la ingestión de alcohol como factor de riesgo asociado y las formas pulmonares con baciloscopia positiva como las formas clínicas más frecuentes. La mayoría de los casos notificados fueron nuevos Abstract in english A descriptive, retrospective and longitudinal study of 63 patients with tuberculosis, assisted in "Celia Sánchez Manduley" Teaching Clinical-Surgical University Hospital, Manzanillo, Granma province was carried out from the 2009 to 2011, aimed at characterizing them according to interesting clinical [...] and epidemiological factors. Among the analyzed variables there were: age, sex, origin, risk factors, clinical forms of tuberculosis, type of extrapulmonary tuberculosis and cases category. Male sex, the age groups 45-65, most of them coming from rural areas; alcohol consumption as associated risk factor and the pulmonary forms with positive bacilloscopy as the most frequent clinical forms prevailed in the case material. Most of the confirmed cases were new

Sahily, Quintero Salcedo; Aracelis, Reyes Castillo; Gladys Leidis, Blanco Zambrano; Haidee, Marrero Rodríguez; Jesús Ángel, Quintero García.

102

[Rheumatoid arthritis--clinical picture and important differential diagnoses].  

Science.gov (United States)

Rheumatoid Arthritis is a chronic disease of unknown origin. It affects the joints, but also virtually every other organ. Its cause remains still unknown. The prevalence rate is approximately 1% worldwide, with some racial differences. Women are affected three times more often than men. Symmetric swelling of the joints and a substantial morning stiffness are the typical signs of the disease. Most often the wrists, MCP and PIP joints, and the ankle and MTP joints are affected. The arthritis is usually progressive, leading to destructive changes of the affected joints. Neurological symptoms can occur following destruction of the atlantoaxial joint. Diagnosis and classification of the disease follows the 1987 revised American Rheumatism Association criteria, but for practical purposes the approach described by Visser et al. seems more useful, calculating odds ratios for persisting and erosive disease. Effective treatment can start earlier with this approach. Conventional radiology and serum markers, especially the newer antibodies against CCP are important aids in diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis. Diseases to be separated from rheumatoid are other arthritides of autoimmune origin, the cristal arthropathies, vasculitides, septic and parainfectious arthritides, osteoarthritis, and paraneoplastic syndromes. PMID:15945214

Vogt, Thomas

2005-05-01

103

Frecuencia y características clínicas de la orbitopatía asociada al tiroides en pacientes hipertiroideos de reciente diagnóstico / Frequency and clinical characteristics of thyroid-associated orbitopathy in recently diagnosed hyperthyroid patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: la orbitopatía asociada al tiroides es una complicación frecuente del hipertiroidismo. Objetivo: describir la frecuencia y características de la orbitopatía asociada a la enfermedad autoinmune del tiroides, en pacientes con diagnóstico reciente de hipertiroidismo. Métodos: estudio desc [...] riptivo transversal. A cada caso se le determinó al diagnóstico hormonas tiroideas, y anticuerpos antiperoxidasa. Se examinaron al diagnóstico para evaluar la presencia de orbitopatía, y se identificaron los síntomas y signos oculares presentes en los que la presentaron. Se compararon los resultados a través de estadística descriptiva, utilizando chi². La significación estadística fue para una p Abstract in english Introduction: thyroid-associated orbitopathy is a frequent complication of hyperthyroidism. Objective: to describe the frequency and the characteristics of orbitopathy related to autoimmune disease of thyroids in patients who were recently diagnosed as hyperthyroidism cases. Methods: cross-sectional [...] descriptive study. Every case was detected thyroid hormones and antiperoxidase antibodies at time of diagnosis. They were examined to evaluate the possible presence of orbitopathy whose ocular symptoms and signs were identified in those who had it. The comparison of results was made through summary statistics by using chi-square test. The statistical significance was p

Yanes Quesada, Marelis; Leal Curi, Lisette; Iglesias Marichal, Ileydis; Rodríguez Fernández, Lisbet; Maciques Rodríguez, Juana Elvira.

104

Agreement between premortem and postmortem diagnoses in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome observed at a brazilian teaching hospital  

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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is one of the main causes of death in adults worldwide. More commonly than in the general population, in patients with AIDS there is substantial disagreement between causes of death which are clinically suspected and those established by postmortem examination. The findings of 52 postmortem examinations were compared to the premortem (clinical) diagnoses, and there was 46% agreement between them. Fifty two percent of the patients had more than one pos...

Borges, Ae?rcio Sebastia?o; Ferreira, Marcelo Sima?o; Nishioka, Se?rgio Andrade; Silvestre, Marco Tu?lio Alvarenga; Silva, Arnaldo Moreira; Rocha, Ademir

1997-01-01

105

Cilengitide treatment of newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients does not alter patterns of progression.  

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The integrin antagonist cilengitide has been explored as an adjunct with anti-angiogenic properties to standard of care temozolomide chemoradiotherapy (TMZ/RT ? TMZ) in newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Preclinical data as well as anecdotal clinical observations indicate that anti-angiogenic treatment may result in altered patterns of tumor progression. Using a standardized approach, we analyzed patterns of progression on MRI in 21 patients enrolled onto a phase 2 trial of cilengitide added to TMZ/RT ? TMZ in newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Thirty patients from the experimental treatment arm of the EORTC/NCIC pivotal TMZ trial served as a reference. MRIcro software was used to map location and extent of initial preoperative and recurrent tumors on MRI of both groups into the same stereotaxic space which were then analyzed using an automated tool of image analysis. Clinical and outcome data of the cilengitide-treated patients were similar to those of the EORTC/NCIC trial except for a higher proportion of patients with a methylated O(6)-methylguanyl-DNA-methyltransferase gene promoter. Analysis of recurrence pattern revealed neither a difference in the size of the recurrent tumor nor in the distance of the recurrences from the preoperative tumor location between groups. Overall frequencies of distant recurrences were 20 % in the reference group and 19 % (4/21 patients) in the cilengitide group. Compared with TMZ/RT ? TMZ alone, the addition of cilengitide does not alter patterns of progression. This analysis does not support concerns that integrin antagonism by cilengitide may induce a more aggressive phenotype at progression, but also provides no evidence for an anti-invasive activity of cilengitide in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. PMID:24442484

Eisele, Günter; Wick, Antje; Eisele, Anna-Carina; Clément, Paul M; Tonn, Jörg; Tabatabai, Ghazaleh; Ochsenbein, Adrian; Schlegel, Uwe; Neyns, Bart; Krex, Dietmar; Simon, Matthias; Nikkhah, Guido; Picard, Martin; Stupp, Roger; Wick, Wolfgang; Weller, Michael

2014-03-01

106

Asymmetric Dimethylarginine Plasma Levels and Endothelial Function in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetic Patients  

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Full Text Available It is now well established that major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD impact upon endothelial function by decreasing nitric oxide (NO bioavailability. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA, an endogenous analog of l-arginine, is able to inhibit the activity of endothelial-NO synthase, promoting endothelial dysfunction. Type 2 diabetes (T2D is characterized by a reduced endothelium-dependent vasodilation and increased ADMA levels and ADMA is strongly associated with micro- and macrovascular diabetic complications. However, there are not a lot of data about the role of ADMA on endothelial function in newly diagnosed T2D patients without cardiovascular (CV complications. For this aim, we have enrolled forty-five newly diagnosed T2D patients, evaluated by a oral glucose tolerance test, and thirty normal subjects. Endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilatation was investigated by intra-arterial infusion of increasing doses of acetylcholine (ACh and sodium nitroprusside. ADMA was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography and insulin resistance (IR by HOMA. Newly diagnosed T2D patients showed higher ADMA and l-arginine mean values in comparison with normal subjects and a significantly reduced ACh-stimulated forearm blood flow (FBF. In T2D patients FBF was significantly and inversely correlated with ADMA (r = ?0.524, p < 0.0001 and in a multivariate regression analysis, ADMA resulted the stronger predictor of FBF, explaining the 27.5% of variability (p < 0.0001. In conclusion, ADMA was strongly related to endothelial dysfunction also in patients with newly diagnosed T2D, without clinically manifest vascular complications. This field is of great interest for understanding the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of diabetic disease and its CV complications.

Francesco Perticone

2012-10-01

107

Depression in patients with HIV is under-diagnosed: a cross-sectional study in Denmark  

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Background International studies suggesting that 20-37% of HIV-positive patients have diagnosable depression may underestimate the prevalence of this condition. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of depression among HIV-positive patients in an out-patient clinic in Denmark and to detect factors of importance for the development of depression. Methods In 2005, a population of 205 HIV-positive patients was included in a questionnaire-based study. The Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) was used to assess the prevalence and severity of depressive symptoms. Patients with a BDI score of 20 or above were offered a clinical evaluation by a consultant psychiatrist. Results Symptoms of depression (BDI>14) were observed in 77 (38%) patients and symptoms of major depression (BDI>/=20) in 53 (26%). Eighteen patients subsequently started treatment with anti-depressants. In a reduced logistic regression model, self-reported stress, loneliness, constant thoughts about HIV and being in a difficult financial situation were associated with risk of depression. Patients at risk of major depression were nearly six times more likely to have missed at least one dose of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the 4 days prior to assessment (odds ratio 5.7, 95% confidence interval 1.7-18.6). There was a dose-response trend in relation to unsafe sex (P=0.03). Conclusions The study found that depression was under-diagnosed among HIV-positive patients and was associated with stress, loneliness, a difficult financial situation, low adherence and unsafe sex. Screening for depression should be conducted regularly to provide full evaluation and relevant psychiatric treatment. This is particularly important at the time of diagnosis and before initiating HAART.

Rodkjaer, L; Laursen, T

2009-01-01

108

Predictive value of pediatric thrombosis diagnoses in the Danish National Patient Registry  

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Full Text Available Ruta Tuckuviene1, Soeren Risom Kristensen1, Jon Helgestad2, Anette Luther Christensen1, Soeren Paaske Johnsen31Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Center for Cardiovascular Research, 2Department of Pediatrics, 3Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aalborg and Aarhus, DenmarkAbstract: Data on the validity of pediatric thrombosis diagnoses are missing. We aimed to examine the predictive value of a diagnosis of venous and arterial thrombosis using the Danish National Patient Registry (DNPR. We identified all first-time diagnoses among children and adolescents (aged 0–18 years between 1994 and 2006 in DNPR. In total, 1138 potential cases of thrombosis were identified; the medical records were retrieved for 1112 (97.7% and the positive predictive value (PPV computed. Overall, the diagnosis of thrombosis was verified in 598 of the 1112 cases, corresponding to a PPV of 53.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 50.8–56.7. Diagnoses from wards had the PPV of 62.5% (95% CI: 59.4–65.6. The predictive value of a thrombosis diagnosis from wards was age-dependent, with a higher PPV (77.4%, 95% CI: 68.7–84.7 in neonates (<28 days and adolescents (15–18 years (68.2%; 95% CI: 63.2–72.5 than in children (28 days–14 years (51.2%; (95% CI: 46.0–56.4. The PPV of a thrombosis diagnosis was improved by restricting the analysis to diagnoses from wards, primary diagnoses, and admissions with a length of stay of three or more days. The results indicate that an interpretation of nonvalidated hospital discharge data for pediatric thrombosis in a registry like DNPR should be made with caution.Keywords: pediatric thrombosis, discharge diagnosis, registry, positive predictive value

Ruta Tuckuviene

2010-06-01

109

Evaluating reliable and clinically significant change in eating disorders: comparisons to changes in DSM-IV diagnoses.  

Science.gov (United States)

Assessing clinically meaningful change is valuable for treatment planning, monitoring course of illness and evaluating outcome. Although DSM eating disorder (ED) diagnoses have been criticized for poor clinical utility, instability, and uncertainty, remission/change of diagnosis is often the standard for evaluating outcome. We tested the validity of the clinically significant reliable change index (CS/RCI) compared to change in DSM-IV ED-diagnoses. We investigated if CS/RCI was concordant to diagnostic change and compared explained variance on measures at follow-up. Using a database for specialized ED treatment in Sweden the sample contained 1042 female patients (246 adolescents/796 adults). CS/RCI was calculated for the Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA) and the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q). CS/RCI explained more variance in gain scores for psychopathology measures than diagnostic change (DSM-IV). Average agreement between diagnostic change and CS/RCI was 62% and 60% for CIA and EDE-Q, respectively. Diagnostic change always resulted in more positive outcome than CS/RCI. Together with clinical judgment, CS/RCI is a valuable method for determining clinically significant changes in clinical practice and research. It is economically sound and results are easily interpreted and communicated to patients. PMID:24582504

Ekeroth, Kerstin; Birgegård, Andreas

2014-05-15

110

Which patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer need a radionuclide bone scan? An analysis based on 631 patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Although radionuclide bone scans are frequently recommended as part of the staging evaluation for newly diagnosed prostate cancer, most scans are negative for metastases. We hypothesized that Gleason score, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and clinical stage could predict for a positive bone scan (BS), and that a low-risk group of patients could be identified in whom BS might be omitted. Methods: All patients who had both pathologic review of their prostate cancer biopsies and radionuclide BS at our institution between 1/90 and 5/96 were studied. Gleason score, PSA, and clinical stage (AJCC, 4th edition) were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses for their ability to predict a positive BS. Groups analyzed were Gleason of 2-6 vs. 7 vs. 8-10; PSA of 0-15 vs. greater than 15-50 vs. greater than 50; and clinical stage of T1a-T2b vs. T2c-T4. Univariate analysis using ?2 and multivariate analysis using logistic regression were performed. Results: Of the 631 consecutive patients, 88 (14%) had positive BS. Multivariate analysis (64 excluded due to missing PSA and/or clinical stage) showed Gleason score, PSA, and clinical stage to be significant independent predictors for positive BS (p 50 vs. 0-15; 2.25 (CI, 1.43-3.54) for Gleason of 8-10 vs. 2-6; 2.15 (CI, 1.54-2.99) for clinical stage T2c-T4 vs. T2b or less. Three of 308 (1%) had a positive BS in patients with Gleason 2-7, PSA of 50 or less, and clinical stage of T2b or less. In the subset of the same risk group with PSA of 15 or less, all 237 had negative bone scans. In patients with PSA greater than 50, 49/99(49.5%) had positive BS. Conclusion: Gleason score, PSA, and clinical stage were independent predictors for a positive radionuclide BS in newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients. PSA is the major predictor for positive BS. About one-half of the patients analyzed were in the low-risk group (Gleason 2-7, PSA ? 50, clinical stage ? T2b) and elimination of BS in these patients would result in considerable economic savings.

2000-12-01

111

Study of Selenium Concentration in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Non-Hodgkin`s Lymphoma  

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Full Text Available This study was designed to examine selenium concentrations in patients with newly diagnosed Non-Hodgkin`s Lymphoma (NHL and the possible association between the levels of this trace element with clinical features of the disease. Also, to test the hypothesis that selenium concentration at presentation would predict for response to treatment. This study was carried out on fifty-patients with newly diagnosed NHL and 25 control subjects, blood samples were taken for measurement of selenium by spectrometry. In comparison to the control subjects the serum selenium level was significantly lower with NHL with a mean of 0.033 (SD, 0.1 vs 0.81 (SD, 0.05, p<0.001. The mean serum selenium was significantly lower in patients with poorer performance status (p = 0.03 and in patients with advanced stage (p = 0.02, but there was no significant relation to the aggressiveness of the disease. Serum albumin was the only parameter that showed a significant positive correlation with serum selenium. There was a trend for serum selenium level to be higher in patients who achieved CR, but the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.1. Selenium may play a role in the pathogenesis and prognosis of patients with NHL. In this study; the level of selenium was found inversely associated with the clinical stage of the disease and the performance status and may predict for the response to treatment in aggressive lymphoma. The possible utility of measuring serum selenium in NHL deserves further evaluation in clinical trials.

Maha I. Esmaeel

2008-01-01

112

New Breast Cancer Recursive Partitioning Analysis Prognostic Index in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Brain Metastases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The aim of the study was to present a new breast cancer recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) prognostic index for patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases as a guide in clinical decision making. Methods and Materials: A prospectively collected group of 441 consecutive patients with breast cancer and brain metastases treated between the years 2003 and 2009 was assessed. Prognostic factors significant for univariate analysis were included into RPA. Results: Three prognostic classes of a new breast cancer RPA prognostic index were selected. The median survival of patients within prognostic Classes I, II, and III was 29, 9, and 2.4 months, respectively (p < 0.0001). Class I included patients with one or two brain metastases, without extracranial disease or with controlled extracranial disease, and with Karnofsky performance status (KPS) of 100. Class III included patients with multiple brain metastases with KPS of ?60. Class II included all other cases. Conclusions: The breast cancer RPA prognostic index is an easy and valuable tool for use in clinical practice. It can select patients who require aggressive treatment and those in whom whole-brain radiotherapy or symptomatic therapy is the most reasonable option. An individual approach is required for patients from prognostic Class II.

2012-04-01

113

New Breast Cancer Recursive Partitioning Analysis Prognostic Index in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Brain Metastases  

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Purpose: The aim of the study was to present a new breast cancer recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) prognostic index for patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases as a guide in clinical decision making. Methods and Materials: A prospectively collected group of 441 consecutive patients with breast cancer and brain metastases treated between the years 2003 and 2009 was assessed. Prognostic factors significant for univariate analysis were included into RPA. Results: Three prognostic classes of a new breast cancer RPA prognostic index were selected. The median survival of patients within prognostic Classes I, II, and III was 29, 9, and 2.4 months, respectively (p < 0.0001). Class I included patients with one or two brain metastases, without extracranial disease or with controlled extracranial disease, and with Karnofsky performance status (KPS) of 100. Class III included patients with multiple brain metastases with KPS of {<=}60. Class II included all other cases. Conclusions: The breast cancer RPA prognostic index is an easy and valuable tool for use in clinical practice. It can select patients who require aggressive treatment and those in whom whole-brain radiotherapy or symptomatic therapy is the most reasonable option. An individual approach is required for patients from prognostic Class II.

Niwinska, Anna, E-mail: alphaonetau@poczta.onet.pl [Department of Breast Cancer and Reconstructive Surgery, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Center and Institute of Oncology, Warsaw (Poland); Murawska, Magdalena [Department of Biostatistics, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

2012-04-01

114

Association among nursing diagnoses, demographic variables, and clinical characteristics of patients with high blood pressure Asociación entre diagnósticos de enfermería y variables sociales/clinicas en pacientes hipertensos Associação entre diagnósticos de enfermagem e variáveis sociais/clínicas em pacientes hipertensos  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To analyze the association among diagnoses, demographic variables, and clinical characteristics of patients with high blood pressure. METHODS: The data were collected in 67 patients from a primary care unit in Fortaleza, Brazil. The NANDA Taxonomy was used to determine the nursing diagnoses. Data analysis consisted of Fisher's exact test, Chi-square test, and likelihood ratio test. RESULTS: Fifty four nursing diagnoses were identified; fifteen were above the 75th percentile. Ineffective individual therapeutic regimen management and number of medication, sleep pattern disturbance and marital status, activity intolerance and education, activity intolerance and time of diagnoses, sexual dysfunction and gender, sexual dysfunction and education, risk for falls and age, marital status and time of diagnoses, chronic pain and marital status all had significant association coefficients. CONCLUSION: Some demographic characteristics were associated with nursing diagnoses.OBJETIVO: Analizar la asociación estadística entre diagnósticos y características sociales / clínicas de pacientes hipertensos. MÉTODOS: Los datos fueron recolectados en una unidad básica de salud de Fortaleza-Ceará con 67 pacientes. La identificación de los diagnósticos se llevó a cabo según la taxonomía de la NANDA. Para el análisis de los datos se utilizó test de Fisher, Chi-Cuadrado de Pearson y Razón de Verosemejanza. RESULTADOS: Se encontró 54 diagnósticos de enfermería y 15 sobre el percentil 75. Se verificó asociación estadística entre: Control eficaz del régimen terapéutico y número de medicamentos; Patrón de sueño perturbado y estado civil; Intolerancia a la actividad y escolaridad y años de diagnóstico; Disfunción sexual y sexo y escolaridad; Riesgo para caídas y edad, estado civil y tiempo de diagnóstico de la enfermedad; Dolor crónico y estado civil. CONCLUSIÓN: Algunas características demográficas están asociadas a la ocurrencia de diagnósticos de enfermería.OBJETIVO: Analisar a associação estatística entre diagnósticos e características sociais / clínicas de pacientes hipertensos. MÉTODOS: Os dados foram coletados numa unidade básica de saúde de Fortaleza-Ce com 67 pacientes. A identificação dos diagnósticos foi procedida segundo a taxonomia da NANDA. Para análise dos dados utilizou-se testes de Fisher, Qui-Quadrado de Pearson e Razão de Verossimilhança. RESULTADOS: Encontrou-se 54 diagnósticos de enfermagem e 15 acima do percentil 75. Verificou-se associação estatística entre: Controle eficaz do regime terapêutico e número de medicamentos; Padrão de sono perturbado e estado civil; Intolerância à atividade e escolaridade e anos de diagnóstico; Disfunção sexual e sexo e escolaridade; Risco para quedas e idade, estado civil e tempo de diagnóstico da doença; Dor crônica e estado civil. CONCLUSÃO: Algumas características demográficas estão associadas à ocorrência de diagnósticos de enfermagem.

Francisca de Fátima Vasconcelos

2007-09-01

115

Perfil clínico-epidemiológico de pacientes do Ambulatório de Alergia Ocular da Santa Casa de São Paulo / Clinical and epidemiological profile of patients diagnosed and treated at the Ocular Allergy Sector at Santa Casa de São Paulo  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Traçar o perfil do paciente portador de alergia ocular baseado nos seus dados epidemiológicos, na sua resposta ao tratamento e nas complicações de sua doença. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados 172 prontuários dos pacientes com diagnóstico de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril (CCP), atópica (C [...] CA), sazonal (CAS) e perene (CAP) e que tiveram seguimento mínimo de 6 meses no Ambulatório de Alergia Ocular do Departamento de Oftalmologia da Santa Casa de São Paulo. A análise estatística foi feita pelo método da variância e qui-quadrado. RESULTADOS: A alergia ocular mais freqüente foi a CCP (n=95; 55,2%); com predominância do sexo masculino (n=117; 68,1%). A idade média foi 11,7 anos (± 8,7 anos). Também foi a doença que mais acometeu a visão, sendo que 52,7% tiveram AV = 1,0; dos pacientes com ceratoconjuntivite atópica, 54,4% tinham AV=1,0, daqueles com conjuntivite alérgica sazonal, 75% e daqueles com conjuntivite alér-gica perene, 100% tinham AV=1,0. 96,8% dos portadores de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril apresentaram maior freqüência das crises no calor, e 91,4% dos portadores de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica atópica no frio. As alterações corneais foram mais freqüentes nos pacientes com ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril, com ceratite presente em 57 pacientes (60,0%). Entre as medicações usadas, 21,6% (n=45) precisaram de corticosteróides, sendo que 36,8% destes pacientes portavam conjuntivite alérgica perene (n=35). O cromoglicato dissódico foi, dentre as demais medicações, a que em mais pacientes pareceu controlar os sintomas, com algum sucesso, em todas as formas de alergia ocular. A ressecção de papilas gigantes com transplante autólogo de conjuntiva foi feita em oito pacientes, sendo sete deles portadores de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril e um de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica atópica. CONCLUSÕES: Ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril é o tipo de conjuntivite alérgica mais freqüente em nosso serviço. A droga mais eficaz na nossa experiência parece ser o cromoglicato dissódico, sendo que os corticosteróides são potentes agentes antiinflamatórios que, nestes pacientes, muitas vezes são as únicas drogas capazes de fazer cessar as crises. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To establish a profile of the allergic patient based on clinical manifestations, epidemiological data, treatment response and complications of ocular allergy. METHODS: A retrospective and descriptive study, in which we analyzed data of 172 patients suffering from perennial conjunctivitis, s [...] easonal conjunctivitis, atopic keratoconjunctivitis and vernal keratoconjunctivitis, with at least 6 months of follow-up. The study was performed at the Ocular Allergy Sector of the "Santa Casa de São Paulo". Statistical analysis was performed using variance method and qui-square test. RESULTS: The most frequent form of ocular allergy was vernal keratoconjunctivitis (n=95; 55.2%) and the male sex was predominant (n=117; 68.1%). Mean age was 111.7 years (± 8.7). Vernal keratoconjunctivitis was the disease that most impaired vision, also responsible for corneal complications in 60% of the patients (n=57). Among medications, corticosteroids were used by 21.6% (n=45) of patients and 36.8% of them had vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Disodium cromoglycate was not only the most used medication, but able to successfully control symptoms in most cases. Papilla resection with autologous transplantation had to be performed in 8 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Vernal keratoconjunctivitis showed to be the most frequent form of ocular allergy in our service. The most efficient drug in our experience seemed to be disodium cromoglycate. Corticosteroids were shown to be as potent anti-inflammatory drugs and sometimes were the only way to discontinue crises.

Denise Atique, Goulart; Dario Grechi, Goulart; Marcela Colussi, Cypel; Paulo Elias Correa, Dantas; Maria Cristina, Nishiwaki-Dantas.

116

Amyloid associated with elastin-staining laminar aggregates in the lungs of patients diagnosed with acute respiratory distress syndrome  

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Abstract Background The heterogeneity of conditions underlying respiratory distress, whether classified clinically as acute lung injury (ALI) or the more severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), has hampered efforts to identify and more successfully treat these patients. Examination of postmortem lungs among cases clinically diagnosed as ARDS identified a cohort that showed a consistent morphology at the light and electron microscope levels, and featured pathognomon...

Fan Kang; Nagle William A

2002-01-01

117

Low rate of cardiovascular events in patients with acute myocarditis diagnosed by cardiovascular magnetic resonance  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Myocarditis is a relatively common inflammatory disease that affects the myocardium. Infectious disease accounts for most of the cases either because of a direct viral infection or post-viral immune-mediated reaction. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has become an established non-invasive diagnosis tool for acute myocarditis. A recent large single centre study with patients with biopsy-proven viral myocarditis undergoing CMR scans found a high rate of mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the rate of clinical events in our population of patients with diagnosed myocarditis by CMR scan. Methods Patients who consulted to the emergency department with diagnosis of myocarditis by CMR were retrospectively included in the study from January 2008 to May 2012. A CMR protocol was used in all patients, and were followed up to assess the rate of the composite endpoint of all-cause death, congestive heart failure, sudden cardiac death, hospitalization for cardiac cause, recurrent myocarditis or need of radiofrequency ablation or implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD). A descriptive statistical analysis was performed. Results Thirty-two patients with myocarditis were included in the study. The mean age was 42.6±21.2 years and 81.2% were male. In a mean follow up of 30.4±17.8 months, the rate of the composite endpoint of all-cause death, congestive heart failure, sudden cardiac death, hospitalization for cardiac cause, recurrent myocarditis or need of radiofrequency ablation or ICD was 15.6% (n=5). Two patients had heart failure (one of them underwent heart transplant), one patient needed ICD because of ventricular tachycardia and two other patients were re-hospitalized, for recurrent chest pain and for recurrent myocarditis respectively. Conclusions In our series of acute myocarditis diagnosed by CMR we found a low rate of cardiovascular events without mortality. These findings might oppose data from recently published myocarditis trials.

De Stefano, Luciano; Yeyati, Ezequiel Levy; Pietrani, Marcelo; Kohan, Andres; Falconi, Mariano; Benger, Juan; Dragonetti, Laura; Garcia-Monaco, Ricardo; Cagide, Arturo

2014-01-01

118

Randomized controlled trial of oral vs intravenous therapy for the clinically diagnosed acute uncomplicated diverticulitis.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Despite the high prevalence of hospitalization for left iliac fossa tenderness, there is a striking lack of randomized data available to guide therapy. The authors hypothesize that an oral antibiotic and fluids are not inferior to intravenous (IV) antibiotics and \\'bowel rest\\' in clinically diagnosed acute uncomplicated diverticulitis.

Ridgway, P F

2009-11-01

119

Serological and Virological Characterization of Clinically Diagnosed Cases of Measles in Suburban Khartoum  

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Measles continues to be a major childhood disease in terms of global morbidity and mortality. In the main areas of its endemicity the only available means of diagnosis are based on clinical criteria: the presence of a maculopapular rash and fever accompanied by cough, coryza, and/or conjunctivitis. We have studied 38 clinically diagnosed cases of measles in Khartoum, Sudan, by means of serology, reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) on throat swabs and virus isolation from lymphocytes. On the ba...

Mubarak, H. Sittana El; Bildt, Marco W. G.; Mustafa, Omer A.; Vos, Helma W.; Mukhtar, Maowia M.; Groen, Jan; Hassan, Ahmed M. El; Niesters, Hubert G. M.; Ibrahim, Salah A.; Zijlstra, Edward E.; Wild, T. Fabian; Osterhaus, Albert D. M. E.; Swart, Rik L.

2000-01-01

120

Rapid determination of natural steroidal hormones in saliva for the clinical diagnoses  

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Abstract Background Saliva samples are easily collectable and non-invasive, and the monitoring of natural steroidal hormones, such as estrone (E1), 17?-estradiol (E2), estriol (E3), progesterone (P), and testosterone (T), in saliva has attracted much attention due to its numerous potential clinical and health-related applications. Because E1, E2, E3, P and T are useful indicators in numerous clinical and health-related diagnoses, there is a need for simultaneous determinatio...

Oh Jin-Aa; Shin Ho-Sang

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

[Retrospective evaluation of patients who were diagnosed as infectious mononucleosis between 1984-2005].  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, the clinical and laboratory features of 26 infectious mononucleosis (IMN) cases who have been diagnosed between the years of 1984-2005 were evaluated retrospectively. The mean age of the patients was 26+/-11 years, the rate of being hospitalized was 65%, and mean hospitalization period was 9.2+/-6 days. Fever (81%), weakness (50%), sore throat (50%), headache (50%) and swollen neck (35%) were the most common symptoms, while in the physical examination cervical lymphadenopathy (81%), splenomegaly (69%), hyperemic pharynx (65%), hepatomegaly (54%) and tonsillitis (50%) were observed. Laboratory results yielded leukocytosis in 21%, leucopenia in 12%, anemia in 44%, thrombocytopenia in 5% and elevated transaminase levels in 84% of the patients. Of the patients 15 (57.7%) had the history of using antibiotics before the diagnosis. Serological diagnosis was performed by Paul-Bunnel test and/or IgM positivity against Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) viral capsid antigen (VCA). Tonsillo-pharyngitis secondary to edema and respiratory distress due to lymphadenopathy pressure were detected in four patients, whereas pancytopenia was established only in one patient, as complications. This study emphasized that, although IMN is a self-limited infection, the diagnostic difficulties may arise when the clinical course is atypical, and rarely seen life-threatening complications may also develop during IMN course. PMID:17427557

Evci, Canan; Akalin, Halis; Heper, Yasemin; Yilmaz, Emel; Bakir Ozbey, Saliha; Mistik, Re?it; Helvaci, Safiye; Goral, Güher

2007-01-01

122

Association among nursing diagnoses, demographic variables, and clinical characteristics of patients with high blood pressure / Asociación entre diagnósticos de enfermería y variables sociales/clinicas en pacientes hipertensos / Associação entre diagnósticos de enfermagem e variáveis sociais/clínicas em pacientes hipertensos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Analisar a associação estatística entre diagnósticos e características sociais / clínicas de pacientes hipertensos. MÉTODOS: Os dados foram coletados numa unidade básica de saúde de Fortaleza-Ce com 67 pacientes. A identificação dos diagnósticos foi procedida segundo a taxonomia da NANDA. [...] Para análise dos dados utilizou-se testes de Fisher, Qui-Quadrado de Pearson e Razão de Verossimilhança. RESULTADOS: Encontrou-se 54 diagnósticos de enfermagem e 15 acima do percentil 75. Verificou-se associação estatística entre: Controle eficaz do regime terapêutico e número de medicamentos; Padrão de sono perturbado e estado civil; Intolerância à atividade e escolaridade e anos de diagnóstico; Disfunção sexual e sexo e escolaridade; Risco para quedas e idade, estado civil e tempo de diagnóstico da doença; Dor crônica e estado civil. CONCLUSÃO: Algumas características demográficas estão associadas à ocorrência de diagnósticos de enfermagem. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Analizar la asociación estadística entre diagnósticos y características sociales / clínicas de pacientes hipertensos. MÉTODOS: Los datos fueron recolectados en una unidad básica de salud de Fortaleza-Ceará con 67 pacientes. La identificación de los diagnósticos se llevó a cabo según la tax [...] onomía de la NANDA. Para el análisis de los datos se utilizó test de Fisher, Chi-Cuadrado de Pearson y Razón de Verosemejanza. RESULTADOS: Se encontró 54 diagnósticos de enfermería y 15 sobre el percentil 75. Se verificó asociación estadística entre: Control eficaz del régimen terapéutico y número de medicamentos; Patrón de sueño perturbado y estado civil; Intolerancia a la actividad y escolaridad y años de diagnóstico; Disfunción sexual y sexo y escolaridad; Riesgo para caídas y edad, estado civil y tiempo de diagnóstico de la enfermedad; Dolor crónico y estado civil. CONCLUSIÓN: Algunas características demográficas están asociadas a la ocurrencia de diagnósticos de enfermería. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To analyze the association among diagnoses, demographic variables, and clinical characteristics of patients with high blood pressure. METHODS: The data were collected in 67 patients from a primary care unit in Fortaleza, Brazil. The NANDA Taxonomy was used to determine the nursing diagno [...] ses. Data analysis consisted of Fisher's exact test, Chi-square test, and likelihood ratio test. RESULTS: Fifty four nursing diagnoses were identified; fifteen were above the 75th percentile. Ineffective individual therapeutic regimen management and number of medication, sleep pattern disturbance and marital status, activity intolerance and education, activity intolerance and time of diagnoses, sexual dysfunction and gender, sexual dysfunction and education, risk for falls and age, marital status and time of diagnoses, chronic pain and marital status all had significant association coefficients. CONCLUSION: Some demographic characteristics were associated with nursing diagnoses.

Francisca de Fátima, Vasconcelos; Thelma Leite de, Araújo; Thereza Maria Magalhães, Moreira; Marcos Venícios de Oliveira, Lopes.

123

[Signs and symptoms in patients with decompensated heart failure: inference of priority nursing diagnoses].  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to identify the signs and symptoms of patients admitted for decompensated heart failure (HF) in order to infer the priority nursing diagnoses (ND). This is a cross-sectional study undertaken in a university hospital. The data were collected by nurses trained to deal with HF and registered in a file containing identification items, and demographic and clinical variables. We included 303 patients. Most patients were in emergency departments (95.7%) with functional class III (65.7%). The signs and symptoms identified at the time of admission were dyspnea (91.4%), paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (87.5%), fatigue (67.3%), edema (63.7%), orthopnea (55.4 %) and jugular vein distention (28.7%). From the signs and symptoms raised, that became the set of relevant clues and consistent as an indicator for ND, we conclude that Decreased Cardiac Output and Fluid Volume Excess diagnoses were the priorities for this population. PMID:22165408

Aliti, Graziella Badin; Linhares, Joelza Celesilvia Chisté; Linch, Graciele Fernanda da Costa; Ruschel, Karen Brasil; Rabelo, Eneida Rejane

2011-09-01

124

Hashimoto thyroiditis is more frequent than expected when diagnosed by cytology which uncovers a pre-clinical state  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Our Thyroid-Multidisciplinary Clinic is a large referral site for thyroid diseases. Thyroid biopsies are mainly performed for thyroid cancer screening. Yet, Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT is being too frequently diagnosed. The prevalence of HT is reported as 0.3-1.2% or twice the prevalence of type 1 diabetes. However, the prevalence of HT confirmed by cytology is still uncertain. To evaluate different aspects of thyroid physiopathology including prevalence of Hashimoto's, a database of clinical features, ultrasound images and cytology results of patients referred for FNA of thyroid nodules was prospectively developed. Methods We retrospectively studied 811 consecutive patients for whom ultrasound guided thyroid FNA biopsies were performed at our clinic over 2.5 year period (Mar/2006-Sep/2008. Results The analysis of our database revealed that from 761 patients, 102 (13.4% had HT, from whom 56 (7.4% were euthyroid or had sub-clinical (non-hypothyroid disease, and 46 (6% were clinically hypothyroid. Conclusions This is the first study to show such a high prevalence of HT diagnosed by ultrasound-guided FNA. More strikingly, the prevalence of euthyroid HT, appears to be >5% similar to that of type 2 diabetes. Based on our results, there might be a need to follow up on cytological Hashimoto's to monitor for thyroid failure, especially in high risk states, like pregnancy. The potential risk for thyroid cancer in patients with biopsy-proven inflammation of thyroid epithelium remains to be established prospectively. However, it may explain the increased risk for thyroid cancer observed in patients with elevated but within normal TSH.

Staii Anca

2010-12-01

125

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY REGARDING FAMILY AGGREGATION IN PATIENTS DIAGNOSED WITH COLORECTAL CANCER  

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Full Text Available Colorectal cancer (CRC is the second leading cause of cancer death both in the USA and Europe. Approximately 20% of all CRC cases occur in patients with family aggregation, but they do not respect a hereditary transmission model. The aim of this study was to establish the incidence of the disease and the clinical evolution aspects of CRC in patients with family history of colorectal neoplasm. Methods: We have studied the medical records and the histopathological findings of 460 patients diagnosed with CRC at the Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Iasi, during the period November 2007-December 2009. The patients were grouped as follows: the first group – patients with family history of CRC (n=56; the 2nd group – patients with no family history (n=318; the 3rd group – patients with familial history of neoplasia, others than CRC (n=86. Data on gender, age, provenience environment, tumor location, anatomical-pathological aspects, stage and synchronous lesions have been evaluated. Results: CRC family aggregation was found at 12.2% of the total cases of CRC, 85.7% of these patients had first-degree relatives. CRC was more frequent in males, predominantly from the urban area, regardless to the precence or the absence of the familial history of CRC. The highest incidence of CRC in patients with familial history was in the 6th decade versus the patients with no family history, where the disease appears two decades later. The location of CRC prevails in the rectum and the sigmoid colon, especially in patients with no family history. In patients with familial history of CRC one-third of cases are located in the proximal colon, most of them being in advanced stages. Conclusions: Family history of CRC is corelated to an increased risk of the disease, and therefore, screening programs of the relatives of patients with CRC is a necessary.

Maria Maxim

2011-08-01

126

Clinical aspects of pneumocystis pneumonia in patients with lung cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is known to be a potentially fatal opportunistic infection. PCP is sometimes encountered by lung cancer patients during cancer treatment. In this study, we retrospectively examined the frequency of PCP in lung cancer patients in terms of the clinical characteristics and the treatment method. We studied 297 patients with lung cancer treated in our department between January, 2004 and December, 2005. PCP was diagnosed when the clinical conditions and clinical findings agreed with PCP, and Pneumocystis jiroveci was detected by microscopic inspection or polymerase chain reaction method of airway biopsy specimen from patient PCP was diagnosed in 13 patients (4.4%) out of 297 lung cancer patients. Of the 13 patients with PCP, 4 patients had received chemo-radiotherapy, and 7 patients received chemo-therapy with palliative radiotherapy in 4 cases. One patient received radiotherapy only. Surgical excision had been done in one patient. Ten of 13 patients with PCP had received glucocorticoid therapy until PCP was diagnosed. PCP was more frequent in lung cancer patients who had received chemotherapy or radiotherapy, or both. Glucocorticoid therapy with chemotherapy, or radiotherapy, or both was also a risk factor for PCP. It is thought that great caution is necessary in PCP when glucocorticoid is used additionally in lung cancer patients who have received either chemotherapy, or radiotherapy. (author)

2009-06-01

127

Genetical analysis of all Danish patients diagnosed with chronic granulomatous disease  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited disorder of the innate immune system caused by a defect in NADPH oxidase, leaving the granulocytes unable to kill invading microorganisms. CGD is caused by mutation in one of the five components gp91phox, p22phox, p47phox, p67phox and p40phox, encoded by the X-linked CYBB gene and the autosomal CYBA, NCF1, NCF2 and NCF4 genes respectively. We have collected samples from all Danish patients with known CGD followed in the clinic or newly diagnosed during a 5-year period, a cohort of 27 patients, and characterized them genetically. The cohort includes 10 male patients with X-linked CGD and one female with extremely lyonized expression of a defective CYBB allele. Six patients had mutation in CYBA. Seven of 10 patients with a defect in NCF1 were homozygous for the common GT deletion, one was compound heterozygous for the GT deletion and a splice-site mutation, and two patients were homozygous for a nonsense mutation in exon 7. Three novel mutations were detected, a deletion of exon 6 in CYBA, a duplication of exon 8-13 in CYBB and a splice site mutation in intron 7 of NCF1.

Jakobsen, M A; Katzenstein, Terese Lea

2012-01-01

128

An analysis of nursing diagnoses for patients undergoing procedures in a Brazilian interventional radiology suite.  

Science.gov (United States)

Innovations in minimally invasive surgery have led to more procedures being performed in the interventional radiology suite. It, therefore, is essential that nurses in radiology departments be competent to care for all types of patients. Use of nursing classification systems can improve care by providing standardized language for documentation. We conducted a project that involved 25 patients undergoing interventional radiology procedures between August and October 2006 in São Paulo, Brazil, to identify the most frequent North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) nursing diagnoses used and then compared the NANDA diagnoses to Perioperative Nursing Data Set diagnoses. The most frequent nursing diagnoses in the participants were anxiety, chronic pain, inefficient tissue perfusion-peripheral, deficient knowledge, and risk for falls. These results are similar to diagnoses that have been reported in outpatient centers. The NANDA and Perioperative Nursing Data Set diagnoses were found to be similar. PMID:20450997

Viegas, Liza de Souza; Turrini, Ruth Natalia Teresa; da Silva Bastos Cerullo, Josinete Aparecida

2010-05-01

129

Cortical hemosiderin is associated with seizures in patients with newly diagnosed malignant brain tumors.  

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Hemorrhage is common in brain tumors. Due to characteristic magnetic field changes induced by hemosiderin it can be detected using susceptibility weighted MRI (SWI). Its relevance to clinical syndromes is unclear. Here we investigated the patterns of intra-tumoral SWI positivity (SWI(pos)) as a surrogate for hemosiderin with regard to the prevalence of epilepsy. We report on 105 patients with newly diagnosed supra-tentorial gliomas and brain metastasis. The following parameters were recorded from pre-operative MRI: (1) SWI(pos) defined as dot-like or fine linear signal changes; (2) allocation of SWI(pos) to tumor compartments (contrast enhancement, central hypointensity, non-enhancing area outside contrast-enhancement); (3) allocation of SWI(pos) to include the cortex, or SWI(pos) in subcortical tumor parts only; (4) tumor size on T2 weighted and gadolinium-enhanced T1 images. 80 tumors (76 %) showed SWI(pos) (4/14 diffuse astrocytoma WHO II, 5/9 anaplastic astrocytoma WHO III, 41/46 glioblastoma WHO IV, 30/36 metastasis). The presence of SWI(pos) depended on tumor size but not on patient's age, medication with antiplatelet drugs or anticoagulation. Seizures occurred in 60 % of patients. Cortical SWI(pos) significantly correlated with seizures in brain metastasis (p = 0.044), and as a trend in glioblastoma (p = 0.062). Cortical SWI(pos) may confer a risk for seizures in patients with newly diagnosed brain metastasis and glioblastoma. Whether development of cortical SWI(pos) induced by treatment or by the natural course of tumors also leads to the new onset of seizures has to be addressed in longitudinal studies in larger patient cohorts. PMID:24045969

Roelcke, Ulrich; Boxheimer, Larissa; Fathi, Ali Reza; Schwyzer, Lucia; Ortega, Marcos; Berberat, Jatta; Remonda, Luca

2013-12-01

130

Molecular detection of Rifampicin and Isoniazid resistance in culture isolates of newly diagnosed TB patients  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB isan emerging public health problem in many regions of the world, particularly in developing nations. Accurate and rapid diagnosisis essential in the management of MDR-TB, not onlyto optimize treatment but also to prevent transmission. Aims: To evaluate drug resistance in culture isolates by conventional and molecular methods and detect drug resistance gene in MDR-TB patients. Material and Method: 100 newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis (TB diagnosed patients attending TB Clinic, Gandhi Hospital, Secunderabad were included in the study. Two sputum samples collected from the patients were subjected to sputum microscopy, culture, Drug Susceptibility Testing (DST. Geno Type Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Drug Resistance (MTBDR plus assay was done on the culture isolates to detect Rifampicin and Isoniazid (INH resistance. Results: Out of 100 samples, 48 % smear positivity by Ziehl Neelsen (ZN method, 51 % culture positivity on LJ medium,11.7% multi drug resistance for Rifampicin and Isoniazid with conventional drug susceptibility – Proportion method,17.6 % drug resistance by molecular method – Geno Type MTBDR plus was observed. Among the 4 Rifampicin (Rif resistant isolates 2isolates showed mutation (mut at D516V and in other 2 isolates only wild type (WT was missing but no mut was seen . In the 1 Isoniazid (INH resistant isolate WT was missing, but no mutation was seen. Among the 4 Rif +INH resistance all showed mut at S531L for RIF and at S315T1. Conclusion: The Genotype MTBDR assay is a rapid and reliable tool for the routine direct detection of MTB strains and of strains resistant to INH and RIF in smear positive, highly infectious patients. The rapid turn around time of the test enables the optimization of the therapy of these patients before confirmatory culture results are available. The test does not require viable organisms and thus reduces the biohazard risk in the laboratory.

Vanisree R, Kavitha Latha M, Neelima A, Prasanti

2014-04-01

131

Effects of glaucoma medications on the cardiorespiratory and intraocular pressure status of newly diagnosed glaucoma patients  

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AIMS—To evaluate the short term cardiovascular, respiratory, and intraocular pressure (IOP) effects of four glaucoma medications in newly diagnosed glaucoma patients.?METHODS—141 newly diagnosed glaucoma patients were recruited and underwent a full ocular, cardiovascular, and respiratory examination, including an electrocardiogram (ECG) and spirometry. They were prescribed one of four topical glaucoma medications and reviewed 3 months later. One eye of each patient was randomly cho...

Waldock, A.; Snape, J.; Graham, C.

2000-01-01

132

Development and Validation of an Algorithm to Identify Patients Newly Diagnosed with HIV Infection from Electronic Health Records.  

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Abstract An algorithm was developed that identifies patients with new diagnoses of HIV infection by the use of electronic health records. It was based on the sequence of HIV diagnostic tests, entry of ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes, and measurement of HIV-1 plasma RNA levels in persons undergoing HIV testing from 2006 to 2012 at four large urban Veterans Health Administration (VHA) facilities. Source data were obtained from the VHA National Corporate Data Warehouse. Chart review was done by a single trained abstractor to validate site-level data regarding new diagnoses. We identified 1,153 patients as having a positive HIV diagnostic test within the VHA. Of these, 57% were determined to have prior knowledge of their HIV status from testing at non-VHA facilities. An algorithm based on the sequence and results of available laboratory tests and ICD-9-CM entries identified new HIV diagnoses with a sensitivity of 83%, specificity of 86%, positive predictive value of 85%, and negative predictive value of 90%. There were no meaningful demographic or clinical differences between newly diagnosed patients who were correctly or incorrectly classified by the algorithm. We have validated a method to identify cases of new diagnosis of HIV infection in large administrative datasets. This method, which has a sensitivity of 83%, specificity of 86%, positive predictive value of 85%, and negative predictive value of 90% can be used in analyses of the epidemiology of newly diagnosed HIV infection. PMID:24564256

Goetz, Matthew Bidwell; Hoang, Tuyen; Kan, Virginia L; Rimland, David; Rodriguez-Barradas, Maria

2014-07-01

133

Acute porphyrias: clinical spectrum of hodpitalized patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To determine characteristics, clinical features and triggers of acute porphyria in hospitalized patients presenting to a tertiary care center in Pakistan. Case records of 26 patients hospitalized with diagnosis were identified through computerized hospital patients data. The diagnosis of acute porphyria was based on pertinent clinical features and laboratory investigations after exclusion of other alternative diagnosis and patients previously diagnosed as porphyric. The data was analyzed through SPSS software version 11.0. Twelve patients (46.2%) were males. Mean age was 21 years. Most common manifestation were gastrointestinal (n=22; 88.5%) followed by neurological symptoms (n=14; 54%). Neurological manifestations included seizures (n=9; 34.6%) and neuropathy (n=6; 23%). One patient presented with depression and insomnia. Family history was positive in (n=8; 30.8%). Eighteen (69%) had history of previous attacks at their presentation to the hospital. Most common precipitating factor was eating outside (n=18; 69%). Porphyrias are uncommon and cryptic group of diseases. This study shows a slightly different gender distribution, earlier onset of symptoms, higher number of neuropsychiatric symptoms (especially seizures), more distal neuropathies and different precipitant in the studied subset of patients than described previously in the western studies. (author)

2007-11-01

134

Síntomas, hallazgos radiológicos, endoscópicos y estudios funcionales del esófago en pacientes con hernia hiatal mayor a 5 cm / Clinical and functional features of patients with a hiatal hernia diagnosed during endoscopy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El hallazgo de una hernia hiatal durante un estudio endoscópico se informa frecuentemente. Sin embargo, no hay referencias específicas acerca de los síntomas y los trastornos funcionales del esófago según el tipo de hernia hiatal. Objetivo: Determinar los síntomas predominantes, los hallazgos radiol [...] ógicos y endoscópicos y de los estudios funcionales en pacientes con los diferentes tipos de hernia hiatal. Método: Se evaluaron 115 pacientes, todos con diagnóstico radiológico de hernia hiatal mayor a 5 cm, realizando estudios endoscópicos, histológicos y manometría esofágica, junto a pHmetría de 24 h. Resultados: La edad fue similar en los 4 tipos de hernia hiatal. Síntomas de reflujo gastroesofágico se presentaron con gran frecuencia en hernias tipo I y III, mientras que síntomas mecánicos se manifestaron en hernias tipo IV. El estudio manométrico mostró un esfínter hipotensivo junto con reflujo ácido patológico en casi 90% de las hernias tipo I y IIII. Conclusión: El estudio más útil para el diagnóstico de hernia hiatal es el radiológico. La endoscopia es necesaria para comprobar el daño de la mucosa esofágica. Los estudios funcionales muestran una alta prevalencia de reflujo ácido patológico en hernias hiatales tipo I y II. Abstract in english Background: The finding of a hiatal hernia is usual during upper gastrointestinal endoscopies. However the correlation of symptoms, manometric and radiological findings with the endoscopy report is far from clear. Aim: To assess radiological findings, 24 pH measurements, esophageal manometry and sym [...] ptoms among patients in whom a hiatal hernia was found during an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Material and Methods: One hundred fifteen patients aged 23 to 82 years (77 women), with an endoscopic diagnosis of a hiatal hernia of more than 5 cm were studied. An esophageal manometry and 24 hour pH determination were carried out. Results: Hiatal hernias type I, II, II and IV were found in 50, 12, 38 and 15 patients of similar age, respectively. Gastroesophageal reflux symptoms were more common among patients with hernias type I and III. Mechanical symptoms such as retrosternal pain were more common in type IV hernias. Manometry showed a hypotensive sphincter in 100 and 78% of patients with hernias type I and III, respectively. An abnormal 24 hour pH measurement was found in 95 and 85% of patients with hernias type I and III, respectively. Conclusions: Functional studies show a high frequency of pathological acid reflux among patients with hiatal hernias type I and III.

Attila, Csendes J; Italo, Braghetto M; Ana María, Burgos L; Ana, Henríquez D.

135

Incidence and associated pre-morbid diagnoses of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a prevalent condition with underexplored risk factors. Objectives To determine CRS incidence and evaluate associations with a range of pre-morbid medical conditions for CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) and CRS with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) using real-world clinical practice data. Methods Electronic health record (EHR) data from 446,480 Geisinger Clinic primary care patients was used for a retrospective longitudinal cohort study for data from 2001–2010. Using logistic regression, newly diagnosed CRS cases between 2007-2009 were compared to frequency-matched controls on pre-morbid factors in the immediate (0-6 months), intermediate (7-24 months) and entire observed timeframes prior to diagnosis. Results : The average incidence of CRS was 83 (±13) CRSwNP cases per 100,000 person-years and 1048 (±78) CRSsNP cases per 100,000 person-years. Between 2007-2009, 595 patients with incident CRSwNP and 7523 patients with incident CRSsNP were identified and compared to 8118 controls. Compared to controls and CRSsNP, CRSwNP patients were older and more likely to be male. Prior to diagnosis, CRS patients had a higher prevalence of acute rhinosinusitis, allergic rhinitis, chronic rhinitis, asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), adenotonsillitis, sleep apnea, anxiety and headaches (all p < 0.001). CRSsNP had a higher pre-morbid prevalence of infections of the upper and lower airway, skin/soft tissue and urinary tract (all p < 0.001). In the immediate and intermediate timeframes analyzed, patients who developed CRS had more outpatient encounters and antibiotic prescriptions (p < 0.001) but guideline-recommended diagnostic testing was performed in a minority of cases. Conclusions Patients who are diagnosed with CRS have a higher pre-morbid prevalence of anxiety, headaches, GERD, sleep apnea and infections of the respiratory system and some non-respiratory sites that results in higher antibiotic, corticosteroid and health care utilization. The use of guideline-recommended diagnostic testing for confirmation of CRS remains poor.

Tan, Bruce K.; Chandra, Rakesh K.; Pollak, Jonathan; Kato, Atsushi; Conley, David B.; Peters, Anju T.; Grammer, Leslie C.; Avila, Pedro C.; Kern, Robert C.; Stewart, Walter F.; Schleimer, Robert P.; Schwartz, Brian S.

2013-01-01

136

Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT for non- pathologically diagnosed lung cancer patients  

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Full Text Available

Objective: Medically inoperable patients with primary or recurrent lung cancer are increasingly being diagnosed clinically without pathologic confirmation especially for patients with comorbidities that preclude biopsy. The objective of this study is to report the outcomes of medically inoperable patients with unbiopsied primary or recurrent lung carcinoma with SBRT.
Methods: From 2008-2011, 22 patients with non-pathologically diagnosed primary or recurrent lung cancer were treated with SBRT. All patients had diagnostic imaging clinically consistent with primary or recurrent lung malignancy. Fifteen patients had primary lung cancer and 7 had recurrent disease previously treated with surgery or fractionated radiotherapy. Median SBRT dose was 50 Gy (Range 40-55 Gy in a median of 5 fractions (Range 4-10 fractions. Median BED was 100 Gy (Range 72-151.2 Gy.
Results: Median follow up is 15.3 months (Range 6.6-33.0 months. Primary tumors had a median longest dimension on the original CT of 1.6cm, which enlarged to 2.0cm (P<0.001 on serial CT and decreased to 1.3cm (P=0.003 after SBRT. Recurrent tumors had a median longest dimension of 1.6cm, which increased to 2.7cm (P=0.33 on repeat CT and subsequently stabilized at 2.7cm after SBRT. On FDG-PET scan, median standard uptake value (SUV for the entire population is 5.4 before SBRT which decreased to 2.3 (P<0.001 after treatment. For the entire population, absolute local control was 90.9%. Kaplan-Meier curves estimates at 2 years show regional control 100%, distant control 75%, cancer specific survival 92%, and overall survival 75%. There were no grade 3/4 acute or chronic treatment-related toxicities.
Conclusions: In medically inoperable patients, a diagnosis of lung cancer can be provisionally made radiographically without pathologic confirmation. Local control can be achieved with minimal toxicity with the use of SBRT.

Anthony E Dragun

2012-06-01

137

Direct Medical Care Costs Associated With Patients Diagnosed With Chronic HCV  

Science.gov (United States)

Background HCV virus (HCV) is a significant global problem with wide-ranging socio-economic impacts. Because of the high morbidity and mortality associated with end-stage liver disease, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the economic burden of HCV infection is substantial. Objectives This study aimed to estimate the direct medical care costs of chronic HCV infection. Patients and Methods For this cross-sectional study, 365 courses of HCV treatment were extracted from medical records of 284 patients being referred to Tehran HCV clinic, a clinical clinic of Baqiyatallah Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver diseases, from 2005 to 2010. All the patients had been diagnosed with HCV. Direct medical care costs for each course of HCV treatment have been calculated based on Purchasing Power Parity Dollar (PPP$). Results Average direct medical costs for the courses treated with conventional interferon plus ribavirin (INF-RBV) were 4,403 PPP$, and 20,010 PPP$ for peg-interferon plus ribavirin (PEG-RBV) courses. There was an increase of the direct costs in both courses of treatment to achieve Sustain Viral Response (SVR). The costs amounted to 10,072 PPP$ in (INF-RBV) treatment and 34,035 PPP$ in (PEG-RBV). The significant difference between the costs of these two courses of treatment is attributable to high cost of Peg-interferon. This indicates that the medication costs are the dominant costs. Conclusions According to the results, total direct medical costs for HCV patients in Iran exceeded 12 billion PPP$ in (INF-RBV) treatment and 55 billion PPP$ in (PEG-RBV).

Ashtari, Sara; Vahedi, Mohsen; Pourhoseingholi, Mohammad Amin; Karkhane, Maryam; Kimiia, Zahra; Pourhoseingholi, Asma; Safaee, Azadeh; Moghimi-Dehkordi, Bijan; Zali, Mohammad Reza; Alavian, Seyed Moayed

2013-01-01

138

[Clinical features in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica].  

Science.gov (United States)

Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is an inflammatory disease of unknown etiology affecting elderly patients and characterized by muscle pain and morning stiffness in proximal areas (pelvic and shoulder girdles and neck). It is sometimes difficult to distinguish PMR from rheumatoid arthritis (RA), or vasculitis. In the present study, we examined the clinical characteristics of the patients diagnosed with PMR in our hospital retrospectively. There were 44 patients with the median age of 71s. Eighty percent of the patients were in their 60s or 70s, and 3 patients (6.8%) were in there 50s or younger. There was no sex preponderance in frequency. Fifteen patients (34%) presented with both proximal and distal muscle pain. Arthritis occurred in 16 patients (36%), the half of which was monarthritis or oligoarthritis, and was more involved in wrist or knee joint. Only 3 patients had temporal arteritis (TA) complicated with PMR. Mean of maximum serum CRP was 8.18 mg/dl, and rheumatoid factor and anti-CCP antibodies were positive in 2 patients and a patient, respectively. There was no patient positive for ANCA. Serum MMP-3 levels tended to be higher in female patients. Median of maximum prednisolone (PSL) dose used for the treatment was 0.195 mg/kg of body weight daily. No patient needed any immunosuppressants. In the 26 patients we had a chance to follow, there were no patients who developed RA 6 months after the initial diagnosis. Progression from PMR to RA was reported, and mean period between the diagnosis of PMR and RA was one to 5 years. PMID:19721349

Aoki, Yoko; Iwamoto, Masahiro; Minota, Seiji

2009-08-01

139

Being publicly diagnosed : A grounded theory study of Danish patients with tuberculosis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Introduction : Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease which affects people worldwide, but there is knowledge lacking about patients' experiences in low-prevalence and high-income countries. Aim : To provide a theoretical framework for the process of being diagnosed with tuberculosis in a Danish setting. Method : A grounded theory design with field studies and qualitative interviews, following the recommendations from Glaser and Strauss. Result : A process of being publicly diagnosed was identified, which developed during the patient's trajectory from being on the way to becoming a patient, becoming a patient with TB, and finally being in medical treatment. Before being diagnosed with TB, patients were weighing between biding their time and deciding to undergo an examination. Social pressure and feelings of social responsibility tended to affect the decision. Having undergone the examination(s), the patients were publicly diagnosed. Being publicly diagnosed meant changing social interactions and fighting to regain control. Conclusion : Findings offer new insight and an empirically derived basis for developing interventions aimed at reducing the burden of being diagnosed with tuberculosis and increasing the wellbeing of the patients.

Konradsen, Hanne; Lillebaek, Troels

2014-01-01

140

Being publicly diagnosed: A grounded theory study of Danish patients with tuberculosis  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease which affects people worldwide, but there is knowledge lacking about patients’ experiences in low-prevalence and high-income countries. Aim To provide a theoretical framework for the process of being diagnosed with tuberculosis in a Danish setting. Method A grounded theory design with field studies and qualitative interviews, following the recommendations from Glaser and Strauss. Result A process of being publicly diagnosed was identified, which developed during the patient's trajectory from being on the way to becoming a patient, becoming a patient with TB, and finally being in medical treatment. Before being diagnosed with TB, patients were weighing between biding their time and deciding to undergo an examination. Social pressure and feelings of social responsibility tended to affect the decision. Having undergone the examination(s), the patients were publicly diagnosed. Being publicly diagnosed meant changing social interactions and fighting to regain control. Conclusion Findings offer new insight and an empirically derived basis for developing interventions aimed at reducing the burden of being diagnosed with tuberculosis and increasing the wellbeing of the patients.

Konradsen, Hanne; Lillebaek, Troels; Wilcke, Torgny; Lomborg, Kirsten

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

European Myeloma Network recommendations on the evaluation and treatment of newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Multiple myeloma management has undergone profound changes in the past thanks to advances in our understanding of the disease biology and improvements in treatment and supportive care approaches. This article presents recommendations of the European Myeloma Network for newly diagnosed patients based on the GRADE system for level of evidence. All patients with symptomatic disease should undergo risk stratification to classify patients for International Staging System stage (level of evidence: 1A) and for cytogenetically defined high- versus standard-risk groups (2B). Novel-agent-based induction and up-front autologous stem cell transplantation in medically fit patients remains the standard of care (1A). Induction therapy should include a triple combination of bortezomib, with either adriamycin or thalidomide and dexamethasone (1A), or with cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone (2B). Currently, allogeneic stem cell transplantation may be considered for young patients with high-risk disease and preferably in the context of a clinical trial (2B). Thalidomide (1B) or lenalidomide (1A) maintenance increases progression-free survival and possibly overall survival (2B). Bortezomib-based regimens are a valuable consolidation option, especially for patients who failed excellent response after autologous stem cell transplantation (2A). Bortezomib-melphalan-prednisone or melphalan-prednisone-thalidomide are the standards of care for transplant-ineligible patients (1A). Melphalan-prednisone-lenalidomide with lenalidomide maintenance increases progression-free survival, but overall survival data are needed. New data from the phase III study (MM-020/IFM 07-01) of lenalidomide-low-dose dexamethasone reached its primary end point of a statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival as compared to melphalan-prednisone-thalidomide and provides further evidence for the efficacy of lenalidomide-low-dose dexamethasone in transplant-ineligible patients (2B).

Engelhardt, Monika; Terpos, Evangelos

2014-01-01

142

High seroprevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis in newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus patients in georgia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Due to the shared routes of transmission, co-infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is common. There is strong evidence of bidirectional interactions between HIV and ulcerative STIs. Recent studies have also shown importance of non-ulcerative inflammatory STIs in the acquisition of HIV. The incidence of HIV and Chlamydia in Georgia has risen every year. We explored the extent of the problem of co-infection with C. trachomatis in HIV patients in the country. Study included 234 consecutive patients diagnosed with HIV from September 2008 through May 2009. Of them, approximately two-thirds were male 162 (69.23%), up to 44% (102) of patients had more than one lifetime sexual partner and one fifth of patients reported prior history of STIs. The seroprevalence of C. trachomatis in our study was 23.93% (95% CI: 18.61%-29.92%). In multivariate analysis the strongest predictors of C. trachomatis infection were history of STI (PR 1.94, 95% CI: 1.22-3.07) and female gender (PR 1.79, 95% CI: 1.11-2.87), while younger age and not being in marriage showed borderline significance. Findings of our study have important public health and clinical implications. Data suggest that STIs may play important role in increasing heterosexual transmission of HIV in Georgia. Efforts should be made to expand HIV screening programs. Further research is needed to better understand the role of inflammatory STIs in spreading HIV. PMID:21252403

Chkhartishvili, N; Dvali, N; Khechiashvili, G; Sharvadze, L; Tsertsvadze, T

2010-12-01

143

Tuberculosis of kidneys diagnosed in a renal transplant patient  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Not earlier reported case of patient with renal graft and tuberculosis of native kidneys is presented. In diagnosis of renal tuberculosis the bigger diagnostic value has renography than ultrasonography. (author)

1994-01-01

144

Uso do propranolol de ação prolongada em 40 pacientes com tremor essencial e virgens de tratamento: um ensaio clínico não controlado / Clinical response to long action propranolol in 40 patients diagnosed with essential tremor with no previous treatment: an open, non-controlled study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O tremor essencial (TE) é o distúrbio do movimento mais frequente. Entre os tratamentos de primeira escolha está o uso de beta-bloqueadores. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar os resultados do uso de propranolol de ação prolongada (PAP) em 40 pacientes com TE e virgens de tratamentos anteriores. MÉ [...] TODO: 40 pacientes com TE foram submetidos a um protocolo de avaliação pré-estabelecido em que constavam escalas de classificação para o tremor e escalas de avaliação da severidade do tremor. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a avaliação inicial e após 1 mês de tratamento. RESULTADOS: com relação ao tipo de tremor, 36 pacientes (90% do total) tinham o tipo 2; os tipos 3 e 4 ocorreram em dois pacientes cada (10% do total). Houve história familiar de tremor em 25 casos (62,5%). A média de idade dos pacientes foi 43,1 anos e a média de idade de início dos sintomas foi 27,4 anos. Dos 40 indivíduos avaliados, 33 ou 82,5% apresentaram algum grau de melhora com PAP; em 52,5 % a melhora foi considerada ótima ou boa. CONCLUSÃO: o PAP mostrou ser uma medicação adequada para o tratamento do TE nesta amostra de 40 pacientes avaliados. Abstract in english Essential tremor (ET) is the most common movement disorder and betablockers are still consideres the first line of treatment. The aim of our study is to report the clinical response to long action propranolol (LAP) of 40 patients diagnosed with essential tremor with no previous treatment. METHOD: 40 [...] patients with ET were evaluated with rating scales for severity of tremor and clinical classification of ET. All patients were evaluated at least twice, at enlrollment and one month after starting treatment. RESULTS: thirty-six patients (90%) had type 2 ET and types 3 and 4 ocurred in two patients each (10%). Familiar history was positive in 25 patients (62.5%). Mean age at first evaluation was 43.1 years and mean age at onset was 27.4 years. Of all patients, 33 (82.5%) had some degree of benefit and in 52,5 % this benefit was either good or excelent. CONCLUSION: LAP seems to be a good treatment option for ET in our series of 40 patients.

Troiano, André R.; Teive, Hélio A.G.; Fabiani, Giórgio B.; Zavala, Jorge A.A.; Sá, Daniel S.; Germiniani, Francisco M.B.; Camargo, Carlos Henrique F.; Werneck, Lineu C..

145

Serum Lipid Profile of Newly Diagnosed Hypertensive Patients in Nnewi, South-East Nigeria  

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Abnormalities in serum lipid and lipoprotein levels are recognized major modifiable cardiovascular disease and essential hypertension risk factors. The objective of this study was to examine the serum lipid patterns of newly diagnosed hypertensive patients attending a tertiary healthcare centre in South East Nigeria. Methods. Two hundred and fifty newly diagnosed adult hypertensive patients and an equal number of age- and sex-matched controls without hypertension were consecutively recruited ...

2012-01-01

146

Risk of mortality in a cohort of patients newly diagnosed with chronic atrial fibrillation  

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Full Text Available Abstract Objective To estimate the mortality rate of patients newly diagnosed with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF and compare it with the one in the general population. To evaluate the role of co-morbidity and other factors on the risk of dying among AF patients. Methods We used the General Practice Research Database in the UK to perform a retrospective cohort study. We followed a cohort of chronic AF patiens (N = 1,035 and an age and sex matched cohort of 5,000 subjects sampled from the general population. We used all deceased AF patients as cases (n = 234 and the remaining AF patients as controls to perform a nested case-control analysis. We estimated mortality risk associated with AF using Cox regression. We computed mortality relative risks using logistic regression among AF patients. Results During a mean follow-up of two years, 393 patients died in the general population cohort and 234 in the AF cohort. Adjusted relative risk of death in the cohort of AF was 2.5 (95%CI 2.1 – 3.0 compared to the general population. Among AF patients, mortality risk increased remarkably with advancing age. Smokers carried a relative risk of dying close to threefold. Ischaemic heart disease was the strongest clinical predictor of mortality with a RR of 3.0 (95% CI; 2.1–4.1. Current use of calcium channel blockers, warfarin and aspirin was associated with a decreased risk of mortality. Conclusions Chronic AF is an important determinant of increased mortality. Major risk factors for mortality in the AF cohort were age, smoking and cardiovascular co-morbidity, in particular ischaemic heart disease.

Johansson Saga

2002-02-01

147

Diagnostic Value of Electrocardiographic T Wave Inversion in Lead aVL in Diagnosing Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Chronic Stable Angina  

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Objectives: The clinical value of T wave inversion in lead aVL in diagnosing coronary artery disease (CAD) remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the correlation between aVL T wave inversion and CAD in patients with chronic stable angina.Methods: Electrocardiograms (ECGs) of 257 consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography were analyzed. All patients had chronic stable angina. All patients with secondary T wave inversion had been excluded (66 patients). The remaining 191 pati...

2010-01-01

148

A 30-year Evaluation of the Agreement between Clinical and Histopathological Diagnoses of Peripheral Epithelial and Mesenchymal Lesions in Mashhad Dental School: 1976-2006  

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Full Text Available Statement of Problems: Sufficient knowledge, experience and careful examination usually lead to appropriate clinical diagnosis. However, lesions with similar clinical features present a diagnostic challenge. Therefore, a confirmatory histopathological examination can be helpful to reach the final diagnosis. Purpose: The present study was conducted to evaluate the agreement between clinical and histopathological diagnoses of oral epithelial and mesenchymal lesions in a period of 30-years (1976-2006 at Mashhad Dental School.Materials and Methods: The percentage of concurrence and discrepancy between clinical and histopathological diagnoses of 625 epithelial and 2480 mesenchymal lesions was compared. Clinical data including the patient’s gender and age and the lesion’s location were also evaluated in cases with discrepancy. Data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney, T-Test, Chi-Square, Likehood Ratio, Fisher’s Exact and Kappa tests.Results: An overall agreement between clinical and histopathological diagnoses was seen in 71/4% of epithelial lesion cases, with maximum parity in squamous cell carcinoma and papilloma. In 57/1% of the mesenchymal cases, the diagnosis was in total agreement. Denture hyperplasia, epulis fissuratum, and pregnancy tumor showed the highest concurrence, respectively.Conclusion: Although histopathological examination leads to final diagnosis, in some cases proper strategies and more attention to clinical features of the lesion are necessary to minimize the discrepancy, especially for those with non-specific clinical presentation.

Salehinejad J.

2011-10-01

149

Analysis of Prognostic Factors in NSCLC Patients with Brain Metastases ?Diagnosed by Constrast-enhanced MRI After Whole Brain Radiotherapy  

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Full Text Available Background and objective Brain metastases are a common complication of lung cancer, occurring in 20%-40% of patients. The aim of this study is to explore prognostic factors in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC in patients with brain metastases diagnosed by constrast-enhanced MRI after whole brain radiotherapy. Methods TA retrospective review of clinical data from 241 NSCLC patients with brain metastases received whole brain radiotherapy from April 2007 to October 2008 was performed. A number of potential factors that might affect prognosis after irradiation were evaluated. The significance of prognostic variables in the survival resulted from univariate analysis by Kaplan-Meier combining with Log-rank test, and the multivariate analysis was obtained by Cox regression model. Results Median follow-up time for the survivors was 19.1 months. For all patients, the median survival time (MST was 8.7 months. By univariate analysis, female patients with KPS>70, no symptom when diagnosed with brain metastases, tumor controlled in the chest, and received more than 3 cycles of chemotherapy and combined target therapy were the important factors for overall survival. By multivariate analysis, female, tumors controlled in the chest, and combined target therapy were independent prognostic factors for NSCLC patients with brain metastases. Tumor controlled in the chest was the most important independent prognostic factor. Conclusion Gender, local tumor controlled, and combined target therapy significantly influenced NSCLC brain metastases diagnosed by constrast-enchanced MRI survival after whole brain radiotherapy.

Hui LIU

2011-09-01

150

Predictive factors for breast cancer in patients diagnosed atypical ductal hyperplasia at core needle biopsy  

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Abstract Background Percutaneous core needle biopsy (CNB) is considered to be the standard technique for histological diagnosis of breast lesions. But, it is less reliable for diagnosing atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH). The purpose of the present study was to predict, based on clinical and radiological findings, which cases of ADH diagnosed by CNB would be more likely to be associated with a more advanced lesion on subsequent surgical excision. Methods Between...

Chae Byung; Lee Ahwon; Song Byung; Jung Sang

2009-01-01

151

Cecal volvulus: a rare cause of bowel obstruction in a pediatric patient diagnosed pre-operatively by conventional imaging studies  

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Cecal volvulus is an acute surgical condition that is extremely rare in children, with a mortality rate of up to 40%. The clinical symptoms are often non-specific, and pediatric patients frequently have neurological deficits with associated communication difficulties, making the clinical diagnosis extremely challenging. Conventional radiographic imaging studies play a key role in the prospective diagnosis in children. We report a rare case of cecal volvulus in a 12-year-old boy who was diagnosed pre-operatively by abdominal radiographs and a contrast enema. (orig.)

Vo, Nghia J.; O' Hara, Sara M. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati (United States); Alonso, Maria H. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Division of Pediatric and Thoracic Surgery, Cincinnati, Ohio (United States)

2005-11-01

152

Newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus patients presenting with proliferative diabetic retinopathy as an initial sign  

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Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the clinical features of newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus (NDM patients showing proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR as an initial sign.METHODS: As a retrospective case series, the medical records of a total of four hundred and thirty-two patients who underwent a vitrectomy due to PDR were reviewed to find the subjects. Of 432 patients, six cases of NDM patients showing PDR as an initial sign were included and analyzed with their systemic and ocular features. Main outcome measures:the systemic features and ocular features [preoperative and postoperative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA, intraoperative findings].RESULTS: The mean onset age of visual symptoms was 36.3 years old. The mean serum insulin and C-peptide titer was below the normal range. The mean fasting plasma glucose was 178mg/dL and the mean postprandial 2h plasma glucose was 306mg/dL. The mean HbA1c at diagnosis was 11.02%. In all cases, an acute progressive fibrovascular proliferation was observed. Intraoperative retinal tears were found in three cases of six. The mean preoperative BCVA was +0.67±0.58 logMAR and the mean BCVA at postoperative 6 months was +0.20±0.30 logMAR.CONCLUSION: All patients were considered to have latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA. A rapid deterioration of kidney function as well as poor diabetic control status at diagnosis was observed in all six cases. The ocular features of the patients showed acute progressive fibrovascular proliferation and relatively favorable postoperative visual acuity.

Hoon Park

2014-02-01

153

Bronchoalveolar pH and inflammatory biomarkers in newly diagnosed IPF and GERD patients: A case-control study  

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Background Several studies have suggested that idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) may be related to repeated aspiration of gastric contents over long periods of time. We aimed to investigate differences between pH measured directly in the lung, and biomarkers of acute inflammation in patients with newly diagnosed IPF and in patients with newly diagnosed GERD. Material/Methods All subjects (N=61) underwent collection of medical history, physical examination, pulmonary function testing, bronchoscopy, endoscopy, arterial blood gas analyses, and biochemical testing. Results Previously diagnosed GERD was found in 56.7%, typical symptoms of reflux in 80%, and Helicobacter pylori in gastric biopsy specimens in 76.6% of the cases. pH in peripheral branches of bronchi in the cases was 5.32±0.44 and was 6.27±0.31 (pIPF patients. Conclusions The more acidic environment in the bronchoalveolar aspirate of the IPF subjects could contribute to the development or progression of IPF, possibly via changes in local metabolism or by damaging local cells and tissue. However, further studies with larger numbers of patients are required to clarify the role of gastric fluid aspiration in IPF pathogenesis. Our preliminary work has identified inflammatory biomarkers LDH, ALP, and TNF-? as potentially important in the pathologic processes in IPF. Further research is needed to determine their importance in clinical intervention and patient care.

Vukovac, Emilija Lozo; Lozo, Mislav; Mise, Kornelija; Gudelj, Ivan; Puljiz, Zeljko; Jurcev-Savicevic, Anamarija; Bradaric, Anteo; Kokeza, Josipa; Mise, Josko

2014-01-01

154

Clinical Analysis of 10 AIDS Patients with Malignant Lymphoma  

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Full Text Available Objective This work summarizes the clinical features and treatment of 10 AIDS patients with malignant lymphoma. Methods A total of 10 AIDS patients with malignant lymphoma seen in Beijing Ditan Hospital since 2009 were enrolled. Clinical Manifestations, pathological examinations, immunity levels, Epstein-Barr virus antibody examinations, complications, treatments, and outcomes were retrospectively analyzed. Results The main clinical manifestations of these patients included intermittent fever in 2 cases, neck masses and fever in 3 cases, auxiliary lymph node enlargement in 2 cases, and abdominal pain and bloating with fever in 3 cases. Up to 7 patients were pathologically diagnosed with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL, and 3 patients were pathologically diagnosed with Burkitt’s lymphoma. Up to 8 patients had CD4 cell counts below 200/?L, and 2 patients had a level of more than 200/?L. Up to 7 patients were negative for EBV-IgM antibodies and 3 patients were not examined. Six patients underwent different chemotherapy and their prognoses were different. One patient with Burkitt’s lymphoma alternatively took CODOXM and IVAC for 3 turns after VP chemotherapy; 1 patient with liver metastasis took R-CHOP 5 times, then changed therapy regimen to R-MINE and MINE. One patient with adrenal DLBCL took CHOP 6 times. Three patients with DLBCL took CHOP 1 or 2 times. Four patients gave up treatment. Various infections and side effects occurred, including bone marrow suppression, gastrointestinal bleeding, and renal dysfunction during chemotherapy. Six patients took HAART, and 4 did not. Six patients died, whereas 3 patients got improved; and 1 patient was discharged. Conclusions AIDS patients with malignant lymphoma had various clinical manifestations, were immunocompromised, and had multiple metastases when they were admitted; they were already in the interim or late stage of lymphoma. Chemotherapy was not effective, and additional complications occurred. HAART failed to improve patient prognosis, and the overall prognosis was poor.

Gui-ju Gao

2012-06-01

155

Autologous tumor lysate-pulsed dendritic cell immunotherapy for pediatric patients with newly diagnosed or recurrent high-grade gliomas.  

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Immunotherapy has the potential to improve clinical outcomes with little toxicity for pediatric patients with brain tumors. We conducted a pilot feasibility study of tumor lysate-pulsed dendritic cell (DC) vaccination in pediatric patients (1 to 18 years old) with newly diagnosed or recurrent high-grade glioma (HGG). A total of nine DC vaccine doses, each containing 1 × 10(6) cells per dose were administered to three out of the seven originally enrolled patients. Toxicities were limited to mild side-effects, except in one case of elevated alkaline phosphatase, which resolved without clinical consequences. Two patients with primary lesions amongst the three vaccinated were alive at the time of writing, both without evidence of disease. Pre- and post-vaccination tumor samples from a patient with an anaplastic oligoastrocytoma that recurred failed to demonstrate immune cell infiltration by immunohistochemistry. Peripheral cytokine levels were evaluated in one patient following DC vaccination and demonstrated some changes in relation to vaccination. DC vaccine is tolerable and feasible with some limitations for pediatric patients with HGG. Dendritic cell based immunotherapy may provide some clinical benefit in pediatric patients with glioma, especially for patients with minimal residual disease, but further investigation of this modality is required. PMID:23645755

Lasky, Joseph L; Panosyan, Eduard H; Plant, Ashley; Davidson, Tom; Yong, William H; Prins, Robert M; Liau, Linda M; Moore, Theodore B

2013-05-01

156

Validation of spontaneous abortion diagnoses in the Danish National Registry of Patients  

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Full Text Available Sarah Rytter Lohse1, Dóra Körmendiné Farkas1, Nicolai Lohse1, Sven Olaf Skouby2, Finn Erland Nielsen3, Timothy L Lash1, Vera Ehrenstein11Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus N, Denmark; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 3Department of Cardiology, Herlev University Hospital, Herlev, DenmarkPurpose: The purpose of this study is to validate the diagnosis of spontaneous abortion (SA recorded in the Danish National Registry of Patients (DNRP.Methods: We randomly selected patients registered in the DNRP with a diagnosis of SA between 1980 and 2008 from hospitals in the county of North Jutland and searched for their discharge records in hospital files. We estimated positive predictive value (PPV of the DNRP diagnosis and stratified the analysis by period (1980–1994 versus 1995–2008, hospital type (regional versus local, and International Classification of Diseases revisions (ICD-8 versus ICD-10.Results: We could identify hospital files of 117/174 (67% sampled registration records. Of those, the diagnosis was confirmed in 114 patients, yielding a PPV of 97.4% (95% confidence interval = 92.7%–99.5%. The PPV did not markedly vary by period, hospital type, or ICD revision. Among the three patients with available data who did not fulfill the criteria for SA, one had an induced abortion and two had threatened abortion but did not miscarry.Conclusion: Registration of SA in the DNRP accurately reflects the diagnoses recorded in medical charts. The DNRP is a suitable source of data on SAs for epidemiologic research.Keywords: spontaneous abortion, validation, diagnosis, Danish National Registry of Patients, positive predictive value

Sarah Rytter Lohse

2010-10-01

157

Clinical Evaluation of a Type III Secretion System Real-Time PCR Assay for Diagnosing Melioidosis  

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A Burkholderia pseudomallei type III secretion system real-time PCR assay was evaluated on clinical specimens in a region where melioidosis is endemic. The PCR was positive in 30/33 (91%) patients with culture-confirmed melioidosis. All six patients with melioidosis septic shock were blood PCR positive, suggesting potential for rapid diagnosis and commencement of appropriate therapy.

2006-01-01

158

Symptoms and diagnoses of patients referring to a child and adolescent psychiatry polyclinic  

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Objective: The aim of the present study is to identify the complaints and diagnoses of patients who referred to a child and adolescent psychiatry polyclinic. Method: Medical records of 763 patients referred to the Children and Adolescent Psychiatry Polyclinic at Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Medicine between October 2007 and October 2008 were studied retrospectively. Results: Most of the patients were male and within 7 to 12 years of age. 93.8% of the patients referred to the hospit...

Evrim Aktepe; Kadir Demirci; Ali Metehan Çal??kan; Yonca Sönmez

2010-01-01

159

Diagnoses and nursing interventions identified in patients with spinal cordy injury: literature systematic review  

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Objectives: to describe nursing diagnoses identified in patients with spinal cord injury, the diagnosis rate in basic human needs (BHN) theory of Wanda de Aguiar Horta to identify nursing interventions to be implemented to minimize and / or resolve the identified diagnoses. Methodology: this is a literature survey in the Virtual Health Library using four search strategies. We selected eight articles. To complement the research was used a dissertation on the subject and the bibliography of Hor...

2010-01-01

160

Clinical Assessment of Patients with Cervicogenic Headache: A Preliminary Study  

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Background: The traditional diagnostic criteria of cervicogenic headache (CEH) are mainlysubjective symptoms, thus making its differential diagnosis difficult. Thisstudy aimed to evaluate the diagnostic validity of functional plain radiograms,based on the clinical diagnostic criteria of CEH.Methods: Twenty-two patients with subjectively diagnosed cervicogenic headache,including 7 with a traceable history of neck trauma, and 14 healthy subjectsas controls from rehabilitation clinics were evalu...

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Ultrasound-diagnosed disorders in shoulder patients in daily general practice: a retrospective observational study  

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Background Ultrasound imaging (US) is considered an accurate and widely available method to diagnose subacromial disorders. Yet, the frequency of the specific US-diagnosed shoulder disorders of patients with shoulder pain referred from general practice is unknown. We set out to determine the frequency of specific US-diagnosed shoulder disorders in daily practice in these patients and to investigate if the disorders detected differ between specific subgroups based on age and duration of pain. Methods A predefined selection of 240 ultrasound reports of patients with shoulder pain (20 reports for each month in 2011) from a general hospital (Orbis Medical Centre Sittard-Geleen, The Netherlands) were descriptively analysed. Inclusion criteria were: (i) referral from general practice, (ii) age ?18 years, and (iii) unilateral shoulder examination. Subgroups were created for age (<65 years and ?65 years) and duration of pain (acute or subacute (<12 weeks) and chronic (?12 weeks)). The occurrence of each specific disorder is expressed as absolute and relative frequencies. Results With 29%, calcific tendonitis was the most frequently diagnosed disorder, followed by subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis (12%), tendinopathy (11%), partial-thickness tears (11%), full-thickness tears (8%) and AC-osteoarthritis (0.4%). For 40% of patients, no disorders were found on US. Significantly more full thickness-tears were found in the ?65 years group. ‘No disorders’ was reported significantly more often in the <65 years group. The supraspinatus tendon was the most frequently affected tendon (72%). Conclusions Calcific tendonitis is the most common US-diagnosed disorder affecting patients in general practice, followed by subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis, tendinopathy, partial- and full-thickness tears and AC-osteoarthritis. Full-thickness tears were diagnosed significantly more frequently in patients ?65 years, while ‘no disorders’ was more frequently reported in patients <65 years. Our findings imply that patients can be stratified into diagnostic subgroups, allowing more tailored treatment than currently applied.

2014-01-01

162

Nursing diagnoses in patients having mechanical ventilation support in a respiratory intensive care unit in Turkey.  

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This research was carried out to find out the nursing diagnoses in patients who have mechanical ventilation support in a respiratory intensive care unit. The study was conducted with 51 evaluations of critically ill adult patients who underwent invasive and non-invasive mechanical ventilation therapy in 2008. Data collection was based on Gordon's 11 Functional Health Patterns, and nursing diagnoses were determined according to North American Nursing Diagnosis Association-International (NANDA-I) Taxonomy II. The nursing diagnoses were determined by two researchers separately. The consistency between the nursing diagnoses defined by the two researchers was evaluated by using Cohen's kappa (?). Forty men (78.4%) and 11 women (21.6%) whose mean ages were 70.19 (SD = 8.96) years were included in the study. Nineteen subgroups of nursing diagnoses about safety/protection domain, and 15 subgroups about activity/rest domain were seen at different rates in the patients. There was a statistically significant difference between mechanical ventilation via tracheostomy or endotracheal tube and decreased cardiac output (d.f. = 1, ?(2) = 4.760, P = 0.029). The relationship between the length of time under mechanical ventilation and impaired physical mobility was considerably significant (d.f. = 3, ?(2) = 24.459, P = 0.000). It was found out that there was a high degree of agreement (96.8%) between the nursing diagnoses defined by the two researchers separately (? = 0.936, SE = 0.08). PMID:21939482

Yücel, ?ebnem Çinar; E?er, Ismet; Güler, Elem Kocaçal; Khorshid, Leyla

2011-10-01

163

Nursing diagnoses in chronic renal failure patients on hemodialysis / Diagnósticos de enfermagem em pacientes renais crônicos em hemodiálise  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: identificar os diagnósticos de enfermagem mais frequentes em pacientes renais crônicos em hemodiálise. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com a inclusão de 178 pacientes, selecionados por amostragem de conveniência do tipo consecutiva. Para a coleta foram utilizados roteiros de entrevista e [...] exame físico. Foi realizado um processo individual de julgamento clínico dos diagnósticos de enfermagem e os resultados obtidos passaram por processo de revisão de forma pareada entre os autores, para maior acurácia. RESULTADOS: Identificaram-se 24 diagnósticos de enfermagem, sendo os mais frequentes: risco de infecção (100%); volume de líquidos excessivo (99,4%); e hipotermia (61,8%). CONCLUSÃO: Os diagnósticos mais frequentes identificados estão inseridos nos domínios segurança/proteção e nutrição. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To identify the most frequent nursing diagnoses in chronic renal failure patients on hemodialysis. METHODS: A cross-sectional study including 178 patients, selected by convenience sample, consecutively recruited. For data collection, interview guides and physical examination were us [...] ed. An individual process of clinical judgment for the nursing diagnoses was performed and, for better accuracy, the results obtained underwent a process of paired review among the authors. RESULTS: Twenty-four nursing diagnoses were identified, of which the most frequent were: risk for infection (100%); excessive fluid volume (99.4%); and, hypothermia (61.8%). CONCLUSION: The most frequent diagnoses identified were included in the safety / protection and nutrition domains of NANDA-I.

Cecília Maria Farias de Queiroz, Frazão; Ana Beatriz de Almeida, Medeiros; Fernanda Beatriz Batista, Lima e Silva; Jéssica Dantas de, Sá; Ana Luisa Brandão de Carvalho, Lira.

164

Prevalence of parenterally transmitted hepatitis viruses in clinically diagnosed cases of hepatitis  

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Full Text Available Hepatitis B virus (HBV is the most important causative agent of blood borne hepatitis in humans. Hepatitis D Virus (HDV infection occurs either as a coinfection or superinfection in HBV carriers. Hepatitis C virus (HCV is the major cause of transfusion non-A, non-B hepatitis and continues to be a major cause of human liver disease throughout the world. The present study was conducted on 70 clinically diagnosed cases of viral hepatitis to study the prevalence of parenterally transmitted viral hepatitis. The serum samples were tested for HBsAg, HBeAg, IgM anti-HBc, anti-HBe, anti-HCV and anti-HDV using separate ELISA kits. Of the 70 serum samples tested, 28(40% were positive for HBsAg out of which 3 (4.28% were positive for HBeAg also. Five (7.1% of the HBsAg positive cases tested positive for IgM anti-HBc also. HBsAg alone was found in 17(24.28% cases. The prevalence of anti-HCV was 3 (4.28% in 70 cases. Thus early screening of clinically diagnosed cases of viral hepatitis is essential for establishing diagnosis and treatment to prevent long term sequelae.

Arora D

2005-01-01

165

A graded prognostic assessment scale to predict overall survival in patients diagnosed with brain metastases undergoing Gamma-knife radiosurgery  

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Abstract: Background: The present study aims to evaluate the Graded Prognostic Assessment (GPA) score for predicting overall survival in patients diagnosed with brain metastases undergoing Gamma-knife radiosurgery. Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted on the patients diagnosed with brain metastases undergoing Gamma-knife radiosurgery during 2003 to 2011. Clinical and radiological parameters were evaluated, and the GPA score were determined. Kaplan–Meier and log-rank tests were used to assess prognostic factors of the GPA. Results: Two hundred and twenty patients were eligible to enter the study during the eight years course of study. The mean age of the patients was 54 ± 12.7 years (ranged 19 to 82 years) and were followed up for an average of 7 (range=1-25) months post Gamma-knife surgery. Median survival times according to the GPA were: GPA 0–1, 4 ± 0.4 months; GPA 1.5–2.5, 6 ± 0.7 months; GPA 3, 9 ± 0.9 months; and GPA 3.5–4.0, 12 ± 1.8 months and overall survival were 7 ± 0.6 months. The level of statistical signi?cance among GPA groups was p less than 0.0001. Conclusions: It seems that the preoperative GPA is able to predict Gamma-knife radiosurgery results in patients with brain metastases. However, the results should be confirmed with further clinical trial assessments. Keywords: Brain metastases, GPA Score, Gamma-knife radiosurgery, Predict

Shahzadi, Sohrab; Azimi, Parisa; Bitaraf, Mohammad Ali; Azar, Maziar; Alikhani, Mazdak; Zali, Alireza; Sadeghi, Sohrab; Salmanian, Soraya

2012-01-01

166

Errors in fracture diagnoses in the emergency department – characteristics of patients and diurnal variation  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Evaluation of the circumstances related to errors in diagnosis of fractures at an Emergency Department may suggest ways to reduce the incidence of such errors. Methods Retrospective analysis of all cases during a two year period (2002–2004 where a fracture had been overlooked or an injury had been erroneously diagnosed as a fracture (n = 61. 100 random selected patients with correctly diagnosed fractures served as control group. Results In the two year period 5879 patients visited the ED with injuries. 1% of all visits to the ED resulted in an error in fracture diagnosis and 3.1% of all fractures were not diagnosed at the initial visit to the ED. 86% of such errors had consequences for treatment. No patient characteristics could be identified as risk factors for a misdiagnosis of a fracture. There was a peak in errors in fracture diagnoses between 8 pm and 2 am (47% against 20% in controls, p Conclusion A considerable number of fractures were not correctly diagnosed at the initial ED visit. There was a diurnal variation in the rate of misdiagnosis of fractures with a significant peak from 8 pm to 2 am. Where there was an error in fracture diagnosis, the patients did not appear to have a characteristic profile as regarding e.g. age, sex or capability to communicate with the ED staff. Increased consultancy service in radiology may reduce the frequency of errors in diagnosis, particularly in the evenings between 8 pm and 2 am.

Ellingsen Trond

2006-02-01

167

Occurrence of complications in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients: a hospital based study.  

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Type 2 diabetes is characterised by a long asymptomatic period of hyperglycaemia and many individuals with type 2 diabetes have complications even at the time of diagnosis. The purpose of present study was to study and compare the prevalence of complications at the time of diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in newly diagnosed asymptomatic and symptomatic patients. One hundred and five consecutive newly diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes were selected for study based on fasting blood glucose level > or = 126 mg/dl. Individuals who were known diabetic, individuals presenting with acute complications were excluded from study. The prevalence rates of various complications in newly diagnosed diabetic patients were studied in both asymptomatic and symptomatic subjects and results were analysed statistically using test of proportion and Chi-square test. There were 40.95% of newly diagnosed diabetes patients who were asymptomatic. There was no significant difference between those having symptoms of diabetes and those without symptoms of diabetes with regard to age, sex, weight and hypertension. Occurrence of both microvascular and macrovascular complications were not different in the two groups studied. We also observed a very high prevalence of microvascular (32.55%) complications in asymptomatic newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients. Since 35.20% of cases in this study were below 50 years and various complications develop 10-20 years after onset of disease, this study suggests that screening for diabetes should commence at the age of 40 years in general population. PMID:24475555

Gupta, Abhinit; Gupta, A K; Singh, T P

2013-04-01

168

Assessment of clinical course and outcome of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Angola diagnosed by microscopic and molecular methods.  

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Malaria still remains the main infectious cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. The majority of cases occur in tropical Africa, including Angola. The study was performed in Angola, in the Health Centre of St. Lucas in Kifangondo, near Luanda during the dry season, from May to October 1999. 168 patients with symptoms of malaria were referred for study enrolment. In the study we assessed the efficacy of treatment in falciparum malaria based on clinical, microscopic and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) examination, and estimated the prevalence of mutations in the pfcrt gene in the P. falciparum isolates from chloroquine-treated patients. In 159 (95%) patients P. falciparum malaria was diagnosed using microscopic methods. This was confirmed by PCR. We admitted 68 patients to the hospital; 13 patients died from complicated malaria. We have analysed 59 cases of P. falciparum malaria known to be chloroquine-treated. In 58 (98%) cases we have found P. falciparum isolates that carried gene polymorphisms typical for chloroquine resistance. In the group with such P. falciparum isolates, 8 people were treated successfully. Reasons for this response are discussed. PMID:15881545

Kryger, Tomasz; Nahorski, Wac?aw; Wojtacha, Anna; Szostakowska, Beata; Pietkiewicz, Halina; Myjak, Przemys?aw

2004-01-01

169

Spreading the Clinical Window for Diagnosing Fetal-Onset Hypogonadism in Boys  

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In early fetal development, the testis secretes – independent of pituitary gonadotropins – androgens and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) that are essential for male sex differentiation. In the second half of fetal life, the hypothalamic–pituitary axis gains control of testicular hormone secretion. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) controls Sertoli cell proliferation, responsible for testis volume increase and AMH and inhibin B secretion, whereas luteinizing hormone (LH) regulates Leydig cell androgen and INSL3 secretion, involved in the growth and trophism of male external genitalia and in testis descent. This differential regulation of testicular function between early and late fetal periods underlies the distinct clinical presentations of fetal-onset hypogonadism in the newborn male: primary hypogonadism results in ambiguous or female genitalia when early fetal-onset, whereas it becomes clinically undistinguishable from central hypogonadism when established later in fetal life. The assessment of the hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis in male has classically relied on the measurement of gonadotropin and testosterone levels in serum. These hormone levels normally decline 3–6?months after birth, thus constraining the clinical evaluation window for diagnosing male hypogonadism. The advent of new markers of gonadal function has spread this clinical window beyond the first 6?months of life. In this review, we discuss the advantages and limitations of old and new markers used for the functional assessment of the hypothalamic–pituitary–testicular axis in boys suspected of fetal-onset hypogonadism.

Grinspon, Romina P.; Loreti, Nazareth; Braslavsky, Debora; Valeri, Clara; Schteingart, Helena; Ballerini, Maria Gabriela; Bedecarras, Patricia; Ambao, Veronica; Gottlieb, Silvia; Ropelato, Maria Gabriela; Bergada, Ignacio; Campo, Stella M.; Rey, Rodolfo A.

2014-01-01

170

Spreading the clinical window for diagnosing fetal-onset hypogonadism in boys  

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Full Text Available In early fetal development, the testis secretes –independently of pituitary gonadotropins– androgens and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH which are essential for male sex differentiation. In the second half of fetal life, the hypothalamic-pituitary axis gains control of testicular hormone secretion. FSH controls Sertoli cell proliferation, responsible for testis volume increase and AMH and inhibin B secretion, whereas LH regulates Leydig cell androgen and INSL3 secretion, involved in the growth and trophism of male external genitalia and in testis descent. This differential regulation of testicular function between early and late fetal periods underlies the distinct clinical presentations of fetal-onset hypogonadism in the newborn male: primary hypogonadism results in ambiguous or female genitalia when early fetal-onset whereas it becomes clinically undistinguishable from central hypogonadism when established later in fetal life. The assessment of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in the male has classically relied on the measurement of gonadotropin and testosterone levels in serum. These hormone levels normally decline 3-6 months after birth, thus constraining the clinical evaluation window for diagnosing male hypogonadism. The advent of new markers of gonadal function has spread this clinical window beyond the first 6 months of life. In this review, we discuss the advantages and limitations of old and new markers used for the functional assessment of the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis in boys suspected of fetal-onset hypogonadism.

RodolfoRey

2014-05-01

171

Etiological Spectrum of Clinically Diagnosed Japanese Encephalitis Cases Reported in Guizhou Province, China, in 2006 ?  

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The proportion of laboratory-confirmed Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus (JEV) infections was compared to the number of JE cases reported on the basis of seasonality and the clinical symptoms of hospitalized patients in Guizhou Province, China, between April and November 2006. Of the 1,837 patients with reported JE, 1,382 patients in nine prefectures were investigated. JE was confirmed in 1,210 of 1,382 (87.6%) patients by a JEV-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibody-capture enzyme-linked im...

Xufang, Ye; Huanyu, Wang; Shihong, Fu; Xiaoyan, Gao; Shuye, Zhao; Chunting, Liu; Minghua, Li; Yougang, Zhai; Guodong, Liang

2010-01-01

172

Diabetes education improves depressive state in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes.  

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Objectives: The prevalence of depression is relatively high in individuals with diabetes. However, screening and monitoring of depressive state in patients with diabetes is still neglected in developing countries and the treatment of diabetes-related depression is rarely performed in these countries. In this study, our aim was to study the role of diabetes education in the improvement of depressive state in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: The Dutch version of the center for epidemiological studies depression scale (CES-D scale) and the problem areas in diabetes (PAID) questionnaire were used to assess depression and diabetes-specific emotional distress in 1200 newly diagnosed male adult patients with type 2 diabetes before and after a two-week diabetes education by professionally trained nurses. Pearson correlation and regression analysis were used to analyze the factors related to depression in patients with type 2 diabetes. Results: The incidence of depression in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes was 28%, and the rate of diabetes-specific emotional distress was 65.5%. High education levels, low income were correlated to depression in individuals with diabetes. After two weeks of diabetes education, the incidence of depression and diabetes-specific emotional distress decreased significantly to 20.5% (P diabetes-specific emotional distress, was relatively high in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes. The depression state could be improved by diabetes education. PMID:24353709

Chen, Bin; Zhang, Xiyao; Xu, Xiuping; Lv, Xiaofeng; Yao, Lu; Huang, Xu; Guo, Xueying; Liu, Baozhu; Li, Qiang; Cui, Can

2013-09-01

173

Sarcoidosis-associated pulmonary hypertension: Clinical features and outcomes in Arab patients  

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Background : Pulmonary hypertension (PH) occurs in many patients with interstitial lung disease, including sarcoidosis. We explored the frequency, clinical characteristics and outcomes of PH in Arab patients diagnosed with pulmonary sarcoidosis. Methods : A retrospective study in three tertiary hospitals was performed on 96 patients who underwent Doppler echocardiography. Demographic and clinical characteristics, physiological studies and computed tomography (CT) resu...

2010-01-01

174

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Clinical, immunological, pathological, and microbiological studies of the first case diagnosed in Norway.  

Science.gov (United States)

The first case of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Norway, diagnosed in January 1983, is presented, with results of clinical, immunological, and microbiological studies and the results of autopsy. Immunological studies showed several immunological abnormalities, including a profound deficiency of the T-cell system of the type usually associated with AIDS. During the 11 months of symptomatic disease the patient had a series of opportunistic infections, including recurrent candida esophagitis, probable Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, and severe and recurrent perioral Herpes simplex virus infection. During the last months he had increasing signs and symptoms of disseminated cytomegalovirus infection, which was probably the major cause of death, as revealed by autopsy. Autopsy also showed the presence of disseminated infection with a slowly growing, so far unclassified Mycobacterium species, and signs of a focal aspergillus pneumonia. PMID:3856941

Frøland, S S; Oppedal, B; Digranes, S; Egge, K; Skar, A G; Hasvoll, A; Onsrud, M; Steinbakk, M

1985-01-01

175

A changing trend in the management of patients with newly diagnosed Crohn's disease.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic shift with rising incidence of Crohn\\'s disease (CD) has been reported in recent studies. AIMS: To determine disease behaviour and therapeutic interventions undertaken in newly diagnosed patients with CD. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with CD between January 2006 and June 2008 were included. Disease type, location, degree of involvement and type of therapeutic interventions were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 78 patients were included. Colonic, ileo-colonic, terminal ileal and isolated small bowel disease were present in 37, 27, 9 and 5 patients, respectively. Disease phenotype was inflammatory, stenosing and fistulising in 42, 30 and 6 patients, respectively. Surgery was required in 22 patients, including right hemicolectomy (n = 8), subtotal colectomy (n = 4), segmental colonic resection (n = 2), segmental small bowel resection (n = 2), appendectomy (n = 2) and perianal surgery (n = 4). Fourteen patients underwent surgery at the time of diagnosis. Laparoscopic surgery was performed in 14 patients. CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of newly diagnosed patients with CD underwent surgical intervention on their first admission to hospital. This may signify a changing trend in the management approach.

Qasim, A

2012-02-01

176

The clinical application studies of CT spinal angiography with 64-detector row spiral CT in diagnosing spinal vascular malformations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Background and purpose: To explore the value of CT spinal angiography with 64-detector row spiral CT in diagnosing spinal vascular malformations. Methods: Seventeen patients with initial MR and clinical findings suggestive of spinal vascular diseases underwent CT spinal angiography. Among these, 14 patients took DSA examination within 1 week after CT scan, 7 patients underwent surgical treatment, and 6 patients underwent vascular intervention embolotheraphy. CT protocol: TOSHIBA Aquilion 64 Slice CT scanner, 0.5 mm thickness, 0.5 s/r, 120 kV and 350 mA, positioned at the aortic arch level, and applied with 'sure start' technique with CT threshold of 180 Hu. Contrast agent Iohexol (370 mg I/ml) was injected at 6 ml/s velocity with total volume of 80 ml. The post-processing procedures included MPR, CPR, MIP, VR, etc. Among the 17 patients, four patients underwent fast dynamic contrast-enhanced 3D MR angiography imaging. CT spinal angiography and three-dimensional contrast-enhanced MR angiography (3D CE-MRA) images were compared and evaluated with DSA and operation results based on disease type, lesion range, feeding arteries, fistulas, draining veins of vascular malformation by three experienced neuroradiologists independently, using double blind method. The data were analyzed using SPSS analytic software with {chi}{sup 2}-test. We compared the results with DSA and operation results. Results: The statistical analysis of the diagnostic results by the three experienced neuroradiologists had no statistical difference (P > 0.05). All of the 17 patients showed clearly the abnormality of spinal cord vessels and the range of lesions by CT spinal angiography. Among them, one patient was diagnosed as arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) by MRI and CT spinal angiography, which was verified by surgical operation. DSA of the same patient, however, did not visualize the lesion. One case was diagnosed as AVM complicated with AVF by DSA, but CT spinal angiography could only show AVM not AVF. The type differentiations of all the other 16 patients were consistent with DSA results. For 13 cases with positive CT spinal angiography results, DSA displayed 20 feeding vessels, among which 16 vessels were displayed correctly by CT spinal angiography, four could not be visualized, and two turned out to be false-positive. Fistulas were not displayed in six cases by CT spinal angiography. Draining veins were displayed clearly in all cases, which agreed with DSA results. Four cases who took CE-MRA obtained the same type diagnosis as that from CT spinal angiography. Feeding arteries were not displayed in CE-MRA of one case, but could be clearly visualized in other three cases, and the results agreed with CTA and DSA results. Fistulas could be seen in two cases. Draining veins and the disease range could be displayed distinctly by 3D CE-MRA. Conclusion: CT spinal angiography is quite valuable for diagnosing vascular malformation of spinal cord. It can be a screening exam before DSA, and has a guiding effect on DSA, reducing the amount of time required for DSA.

Gao Sijia [Department of Radiology, No. 1 Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001 (China)], E-mail: scarlettgao@126.com; Zhang Mengwei; Liu Xiping; Zh Yushen; Liu Jinghong; Wang Zhonghui [Department of Radiology, No. 1 Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001 (China); Zang Peizhuo [Department of Neurosurgery, No. 1 Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001 (China); Shi Qiang; Wang Qiang [Department of Radiology, No. 1 Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001 (China); Liang Chuansheng [Department of Neurosurgery, No. 1 Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001 (China); Xu Ke [Department of Radiology, No. 1 Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001 (China)

2009-07-15

177

How well do discharge diagnoses identify hospitalised patients with community-acquired infections? - a validation study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Credible measures of disease incidence, trends and mortality can be obtained through surveillance using manual chart review, but this is both time-consuming and expensive. ICD-10 discharge diagnoses are used as surrogate markers of infection, but knowledge on the validity of infections in general is sparse. The aim of the study was to determine how well ICD-10 discharge diagnoses identify patients with community-acquired infections in a medical emergency department (ED), overall and related to sites of infection and patient characteristics. METHODS: We manually reviewed 5977 patients admitted to a medical ED in a one-year period (September 2010-August 2011), to establish if they were hospitalised with community-acquired infection. Using the manual review as gold standard, we calculated the sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and likelihood ratios of discharge diagnoses indicating infection. RESULTS: Two thousand five hundred eleven patients were identified with community-acquired infection according to chart review (42.0%, 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 40.8-43.3%) compared to 2550 patients identified by ICD-10 diagnoses (42.8%, 95%CI: 41.6-44.1%). Sensitivity of the ICD-10 diagnoses was 79.9% (95%CI: 78.1-81.3%), specificity 83.9% (95%CI: 82.6-85.1%), positive likelihood ratio 4.95 (95%CI: 4.58-5.36) and negative likelihood ratio 0.24 (95%CI: 0.22-0.26). The two most common sites of infection, the lower respiratory tract and urinary tract, had positive likelihood ratios of 8.3 (95%CI: 7.5-9.2) and 11.3 (95%CI: 10.2-12.9) respectively. We identified significant variation in diagnostic validity related to age, comorbidity and disease severity. CONCLUSION: ICD-10 discharge diagnoses identify specific sites of infection with a high degree of validity, but only a moderate degree when identifying infections in general.

Henriksen, Daniel Pilsgaard; Nielsen, Stig Lønberg

2014-01-01

178

Griscelli syndrome types 1 and 3: analysis of four new cases and long-term evaluation of previously diagnosed patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

Griscelli syndrome (GS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by partial albinism. Three different types are caused by defects in three different genes. Patients with GS type 1 have primary central nervous system dysfunction, type 2 patients commonly develop hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, and type 3 patients have only partial albinism. While hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is life saving in type 2, no specific therapy is required for types 1 and 3. Patients with GS types 1 and 3 are very rare. To date, only 2 patients with type 3 and about 20 GS type 1 patients, including the patients described as Elejalde syndrome, have been reported. The neurological deficits in Elejalde syndrome were reported as severe neurodevelopmental delay, seizures, hypotonia, and ophthalmological problems including nystagmus, diplopia, and retinal problems. However, none of these patients' clinical progresses were reported. We described here our two new type 1 and two type 3 patients along with the progresses of our previously diagnosed patients with GS types 1 and 3. Our previous patient with GS type I is alive at age 21 without any other problems except severe mental and motor retardation, patients with type 3 are healthy at ages 21 and 24 years having only pigmentary dilution; silvery gray hair, eye brows, and eyelashes. Since prognosis, treatment options, and genetic counseling markedly differ among different types, molecular characterization has utmost importance in GS. PMID:22711375

Ca?da?, Deniz; Ozgür, Tuba Turul; Asal, Gülten Türkkan?; Tezcan, Ilhan; Metin, Ay?e; Lambert, Nathalie; de Saint Basile, Geneiveve; Sanal, Ozden

2012-10-01

179

Long-term mortality in patients diagnosed with Listeria monocytogenes meningitis: A Danish nationwide cohort study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term mortality, the causes of death and the incidence of cancer in listeria meningitis patients. METHODS: Nationwide, population-based cohort study including all adult patients diagnosed with listeria meningitis from 1977 to 2006 and alive 1 year after diagnosis, and an age-and gender-matched, population control cohort. Kaplan-Meier tables, Cox regression analysis and cumulative incidence function were used as outcome analyses. RESULTS: We identified 114 listeria meningitis patients and 1026 population controls. The adjusted mortality rate ratio (MRR) for listeria meningitis patients the first 5 years of follow-up was 2.35(95% confidence interval (CI) 1.60-3.45) thereafter the MRR was 0.93(95% CI: 0.56-1.55). Listeria meningitis patients had an increased risk of death due to cancer the first 5 years of follow-up, and in the same period patients above 50 years of age had a 2-fold increased risk of being diagnosed with cancer, thereafter the risks declined to that of the background population. CONCLUSIONS: The long-term mortality in adult patients diagnosed with listeria meningitis was increased the first 5 years of follow-up, mainly due to death from cancer, thereafter the mortality did not differ from the background population. To improve survival this patient population should be meticulously screened for predisposing conditions, mainly underlying malignant diseases.

Roed, Casper; Engsig, Frederik Neess

2012-01-01

180

Neuroautonomic evaluation of patients with unexplained syncope: incidence of complex neurally mediated diagnoses in the elderly  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Martina Rafanelli, Alessandro Morrione, Annalisa Landi, Emilia Ruffolo, Valentina M Chisciotti, Maria A Brunetti, Niccolò Marchionni, Andrea Ungar Syncope Unit, Cardiology and Geriatric Medicine, University of Florence and Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Florence, Italy Background: The incidence of syncope increases in individuals over the age of 70 years, but data about this condition in the elderly are limited. Little is known about tilt testing (TT, carotid sinus massage (CSM, or supine and upright blood pressure measurement related to age or about patients with complex diagnoses, for example, those with a double diagnosis, ie, positivity in two of these three tests. Methods: A total of 873 consecutive patients of mean age 66.5±18 years underwent TT, CSM, and blood pressure measurement in the supine and upright positions according to the European Society of Cardiology guidelines on syncope.1 Neuroautonomic evaluation was performed if the first-line evaluation (clinical history, physical examination, electrocardiogram was suggestive of neurally mediated syncope, or if the first-line evaluation was suggestive of cardiac syncope but this diagnosis was excluded after specific diagnostic tests according to European Society of Cardiology guidelines on syncope, or if certain or suspected diagnostic criteria were not present after the first-line evaluation. Results: A diagnosis was reached in 64.3% of cases. TT was diagnostic in 50.4% of cases, CSM was diagnostic in 11.8% of cases, and orthostatic hypotension was present in 19.9% of cases. Predictors of a positive tilt test were prodromal symptoms and typical situational syncope. Increased age and a pathologic electrocardiogram were predictors of carotid sinus syndrome. Varicose veins and alpha-receptor blockers, nitrates, and benzodiazepines were associated with orthostatic hypotension. Twenty-three percent of the patients had a complex diagnosis. The most frequent association was between vasovagal syncope and orthostatic hypotension (15.8%; 42.9% of patients aged 80 years or older had a complex diagnosis, for which age was the strongest predictor. Conclusion: Neuroautonomic evaluation is useful in older patients with unexplained syncope after the initial evaluation. A complex neurally mediated diagnosis is frequent in older people. Our results suggest that complete neuroautonomic evaluation should be done particularly in older patients. Keywords: syncope, elderly, tilt testing, carotid sinus massage, blood pressure, neurally mediated diagnosis

Rafanelli M

2014-02-01

 
 
 
 
181

Discrepancy between clinical criteria for diagnosing acute respiratory distress syndrome secondary to community acquired pneumonia with autopsy findings of diffuse alveolar damage.  

Science.gov (United States)

Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) is the underlying pathological finding in most cases of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The objective of this study was to compare clinical criteria for ARDS secondary to community acquired pneumonia with autopsy findings of DAD and to determine the discrepancy rate between the two. We compared prospectively obtained clinical diagnosis of ARDS secondary to community acquired pneumonia with autopsy findings of DAD and pneumonia. Forty nine patients dead with a clinical diagnosis of ARDS secondary to pneumonia who underwent autopsy between 1986 and 2004 in our ICU were included with systematic histopathological analysis of all lung lobes. The discrepancy rate between the premortem clinical diagnosis of ARDS secondary to pneumonia and DAD at autopsy was determined. Seven patients were found to have neither infection nor DAD at autopsy. Six patients showed pathologic signs of DAD without evidence of infection. Out of 38 patients meeting clinical criteria for ARDS secondary to pneumonia and proven pneumonia at autopsy, 25 met criteria for DAD at autopsy. Therefore, 18 out of 49 patients who were clinically diagnosed with ARDS did not actually show pathological signs of DAD, resulting in a discrepancy rate of 37%. Despite an acceptable correspondence between clinical criteria for ARDS secondary to pneumonia and autopsy findings of DAD a significant number of patients had neither signs of DAD nor infection. PMID:21570273

Sarmiento, Xavier; Guardiola, Juan J; Almirall, Jordi; Mesalles, Eduard; Mate, Jose Luis; Soler, Manuel; Klamburg, Jordi

2011-08-01

182

Accuracy of cryptorchidism diagnoses and corrective surgical treatment registration in the Danish National Patient Registry  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In recent years several Danish studies of the etiology, time trends and long-term health consequences of cryptorchidism have relied on diagnoses and surgical treatments registered in the National Patient Registry. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of these registry data.

Jensen, M S; Snerum, T M Ã?

2012-01-01

183

Accuracy of stress myocardial perfusion imaging to diagnose coronary artery disease in end stage liver disease patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) who also have underlying coronary artery disease (CAD) may be at increased risk for undergoing hemodynamically challenging orthotopic liver transplantation. Noninvasive single-photon emission computed tomographic (SPECT) imaging is often used to determine whether a patient with ESLD has unsuspected CAD. The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of SPECT imaging for detection of CAD in patients with ESLD. Patients with ESLD who underwent coronary angiography and SPECT imaging before orthotopic liver transplantation were analyzed retrospectively. The predictive accuracy of clinical risk factors was calculated and compared to the results of SPECT imaging. There were 473 SPECT imaging studies. Adenosine SPECT imaging had a sensitivity of 62%, specificity of 82%, positive predictive value of 30%, and negative predictive value of 95% for diagnosing severe CAD. Regadenoson SPECT imaging had a sensitivity of 35%, specificity of 88%, positive predictive value of 23%, and negative predictive value of 93% for diagnosing severe CAD. The accuracy of a standard risk factor analysis showed no statistical difference in predicting CAD compared with adenosine (sensitivity McNemar's p = 0.48, specificity McNemar's p = 1.00) or regadenoson (sensitivity McNemar's p = 0.77, specificity McNemar's p = 1.00) SPECT studies. In conclusion, the 2 pharmaceutical agents had low sensitivity but high specificity for diagnosing CAD. However, because the sensitivity of the test is low, the chances of missing patients with ESLD with CAD is high, making SPECT imaging an inaccurate screening test. A standard risk factor analysis as a predictor for CAD in patients with ESLD is less expensive, has no radiation exposure, and is as accurate as SPECT imaging. PMID:23337839

Bhutani, Suchit; Tobis, Jonathan; Gevorgyan, Rubine; Sinha, Arjun; Suh, William; Honda, Henry M; Vorobiof, Gabriel; Packard, René R S; Steadman, Randolph; Wray, Christopher; Busuttil, Ronald; Tseng, Chi-hong

2013-04-01

184

ANESTHETIC MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT WITH PRE-DIAGNOSED ZELLWEGER SYNDROME DURING THE MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Zellweger Syndrome (ZS is rare peroxysome deficiency disorder and patients suffering from this syndrome display a range of disturbances including neurological, sceletal, hepatological and oculer abnormalities. Present abnormalities may cause serious complications in the anesthetic management. However anesthetic management of patients with ZS is not clarified enough. That is why we would like to share our experience by presenting our anesthetic approaches, towards a 11 months baby pre-diagnosed with ZS, during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI procedure.

Berrin I??k

2008-01-01

185

A coping and communication support intervention tailored to older patients diagnosed with late-stage cancer  

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As our society ages, increasing numbers of older Americans will be diagnosed and eventually will die of cancer. To date, psycho-oncology interventions for advanced cancer patients have been more successful in reaching younger adult age groups and generally have not been designed to respond to the unique needs and preferences of older patients. Theories and research on successful aging (Baltes and Baltes 1990; Baltes 1997), health information processing style (Miller 1995; Miller et al 2001) a...

Rose, Julia Hannum; Radziewicz, Rosanne; Bowman, Karen F.; O’toole, Elizabeth E.

2008-01-01

186

Clinical value of intravascular ultrasound in diagnosing stent fracture: report of two cases with literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Stent fracture has been implicated as a cause of drug-eluting stent failure. The authors report here 2 cases with stent fractures which were diagnosed by coronary artery angiography and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Both of them received multiple-stent-implantation. Five stent fractures altogether were detected in two patients. All the involved stents were sirolimus-eluting ones. Angiographic study showed that three stent fractures were complete transverse linear fracture with stent displacement. IVUS demonstrated that three stent fractures were complete break and two were partial break. One fracture was located close to the overlapping site of two stents and another fracture was accompanied by the formation of a coronary aneurysm. Angiography and IVUS are helpful to identify stent fracture. In addition, IVUS is more likely to clarify the cause of stent failure as well as the mechanism of stent fracture. (authors)

2009-09-01

187

Exome sequencing and directed clinical phenotyping diagnose cholesterol ester storage disease presenting as autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective Autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia (ARH) is a rare inherited disorder characterized by extremely high total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels that has been previously linked to mutations in LDLRAP1. We identified a family with ARH not explained by mutations in LDLRAP1 or other genes known to cause monogenic hypercholesterolemia. The aim of this study was to identify the molecular etiology of ARH in this family. Approach and Results We used exome sequencing to assess all protein coding regions of the genome in three family members and identified a homozygous exon 8 splice junction mutation (c.894G>A, also known as E8SJM) in LIPA that segregated with the diagnosis of hypercholesterolemia. Since homozygosity for mutations in LIPA is known to cause cholesterol ester storage disease (CESD), we performed directed follow-up phenotyping by non-invasively measuring hepatic cholesterol content. We observed abnormal hepatic accumulation of cholesterol in the homozygote individuals, supporting the diagnosis of CESD. Given previous suggestions of cardiovascular disease risk in heterozygous LIPA mutation carriers, we genotyped E8SJM in >27,000 individuals and found no association with plasma lipid levels or risk of myocardial infarction, confirming a true recessive mode of inheritance. Conclusions By integrating observations from Mendelian and population genetics along with directed clinical phenotyping, we diagnosed clinically unapparent CESD in the affected individuals from this kindred and addressed an outstanding question regarding risk of cardiovascular disease in LIPA E8SJM heterozygous carriers.

Stitziel, Nathan O.; Fouchier, Sigrid W.; Sjouke, Barbara; Peloso, Gina M.; Moscoso, Alessa M.; Auer, Paul L.; Goel, Anuj; Gigante, Bruna; Barnes, Timothy A.; Melander, Olle; Orho-Melander, Marju; Duga, Stefano; Sivapalaratnam, Suthesh; Nikpay, Majid; Martinelli, Nicola; Girelli, Domenico; Jackson, Rebecca D.; Kooperberg, Charles; Lange, Leslie A.; Ardissino, Diego; McPherson, Ruth; Farrall, Martin; Watkins, Hugh; Reilly, Muredach P.; Rader, Daniel J.; de Faire, Ulf; Schunkert, Heribert; Erdmann, Jeanette; Samani, Nilesh J.; Charnas, Lawrence; Altshuler, David; Gabriel, Stacey; Kastelein, John J.P.; Defesche, Joep C.; Nederveen, Aart J.; Kathiresan, Sekar; Hovingh, G. Kees

2014-01-01

188

Accuracy of Alpha Amylase in Diagnosing Microaspiration in Intubated Critically-Ill Patients  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives Amylase concentration in respiratory secretions was reported to be a potentially useful marker for aspiration and pneumonia. The aim of this study was to determine accuracy of ?-amylase in diagnosing microaspiration in critically ill patients. Methods Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data collected in a medical ICU. All patients requiring mechanical ventilation for at least 48 h, and included in a previous randomized controlled trial were eligible for this study, provided that at least one tracheal aspirate was available for ?-amylase measurement. As part of the initial trial, pepsin was quantitatively measured in all tracheal aspirates during a 48-h period. All tracheal aspirates were frozen, allowing subsequent measurement of ?-amylase for the purpose of the current study. Microaspiration was defined as the presence of at least one positive tracheal aspirate for pepsin (>200 ng.mL?1). Abundant microaspiration was defined as the presence of pepsin at significant level in >74% of tracheal aspirates. Results Amylase was measured in 1055 tracheal aspirates, collected from 109 patients. Using mean ?-amylase level per patient, accuracy of ?-amylase in diagnosing microaspiration was moderate (area under the receiver operator curve 0.72±0.05 [95%CI 0.61–0.83], for an ?-amylase value of 1685 UI.L?1). However, when ?-amylase levels, coming from all samples, were taken into account, area under the receiver operator curve was 0.56±0.05 [0.53–0.60]. Mean ?-amylase level, and percentage of tracheal aspirates positive for ?-amylase were significantly higher in patients with microaspiration, and in patients with abundant microaspiration compared with those with no microaspiration; and similar in patients with microaspiration compared with those with abundant microaspiration. ?-amylase and pepsin were significantly correlated (r2?=?0.305, p?=?0.001). Conclusion Accuracy of mean ?-amylase in diagnosing microaspiration is moderate. Further, when all ?-amylase levels were taken into account, ?-amylase was inaccurate in diagnosing microaspiration, compared with pepsin.

Dewavrin, Florent; Zerimech, Farid; Boyer, Alexandre; Maboudou, Patrice; Balduyck, Malika; Duhamel, Alain; Nseir, Saad

2014-01-01

189

A study on clinical findings about vertebral disease diagnosed with MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In order to analyze clinical characteristics like sex-and age-based onset frequency and onset region from vertebral disease cases, this study investigated total 1,291 cases of vertebral disease that were diagnosed via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) from January to December 2004 at B University Hospital in metropolitan area. For higher diagnostic accuracy in cases of spinal disorder diagnosed, this study analyzed findings from data reading conducted by veteran specialists in diagnostic radiology. But this study excluded uncertain lesion cases, the cases requiring differential diagnosis from other disorders and so on from subjects under analysis. This study employed superconductive 1.5 Tesla SIGNA MR/i for MRI test and basically received resulting images via FSE (fast spin echo). In particular, this study obtained T1 and T2 myelogram with regard to regional characteristics (such as cervical vertebrae, thoracic vertebrae and lumbar vertebra) and imaging characteristics for sagittal and transverse section. As a result, this study came to the following conclusions: 1. In terms of general characteristics of subjects under analysis, male group comprised 53.5% and female 46.5% out of total 1,291 subjects. 2. The regional onset frequency of spinal disorders was converged primarily on lumbar vertebra (65.5%), which was followed by cervical vertebrae (27.3%) and thoracic vertebrae (7.0%) respectively. 3. Top 10 cases with high onset frequency of spinal disorders can be listed as follows: 1) posterior bulging disc 65.8% 2) narrowing of neural foramen 23.8% 3) herniated intervertebral disc (HIVD) 22.4% 4) spinal stenosis 16.7% 5) osteochondrosis 6.4% 6) compression fracture 6.4% 7) facet joint arthropathy 6.2% 8) spondylolisthesis 6.0% 9) spinal cord tumor 3.5% 10) inter body fusion 2.6%.

Kim, Ham-Gyum [Ansan College, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2006-09-15

190

Autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplant in patients previously diagnosed with invasive aspergillosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patients previously diagnosed with invasive aspergillosis (IA) have been considered to be at risk for relapse of mycosis during subsequent hematopoietic transplant. Even with prophylactic measures, reactivation of the infection occurs in 29% of patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation (BMT). A period of neutropenia is one of the variables considered to be a risk factor for reactivation. Peripheral blood stem cell transplant (PBSCT) results in a shorter neutropenia period leading to a lower risk of fungal infection. A retrospective data analysis performed on patients undergoing autologous PBSCT for hematological malignancies in our unit showed that nine patients were diagnosed before transplantation with IA. All patients received only medical treatment during their primary infection. Medical prophylaxis was administered in seven of these patients, and two underwent transplantation without prophylaxis. All patients developed severe neutropenia after a myeloablative regimen. All but one had neutropenic fever, although the fever was controlled and no fungal complications occurred. All patients in this series achieved complete hematological engraftment without delay in granulocyte recovery (mean: 8.78 vs 9.76; p=0.58). No significant differences were observed in toxicities with regards to transplantation between patients previously diagnosed with IA and their controls. Recurrence of IA related to transplantation was avoided since no relapse of IA was demonstrated. This series of nine patients with a previous history of IA shows that medical treatment, secondary prophylaxis, and peripheral blood as a source of stem cells could be effective measures to avoid reactivation of previous aspergillosis during hematopoietic transplantation, although prospective randomized trials should still be performed to confirm these findings in a wider setting. PMID:11563590

Sevilla, J; Hernandez-Maraver, D; Aguado, M J; Ojeda, E; Morado, M; Hernandez-Navarro, F

2001-08-01

191

Comprehensive Literature Review: Recent Advances in Diagnosing and Managing Patients with Poorly Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma  

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Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas are a rare form of thyroid carcinomas; they display an intermediate behavior between well-differentiated and anaplastic thyroid carcinomas. PDTCs are more aggressive than the well-differentiated, but less aggressive than the undifferentiated or anaplastic, forms. No clinical features can accurately diagnose poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas. Thus, the results of histocytology, immunohistochemistry, and molecular genetics tests aid in diagnosis. ...

Hannallah, Jack; Rose, Jessica; Guerrero, Marlon A.

2013-01-01

192

Diagnosing and treating Diamond Blackfan anaemia: results of an international clinical consensus conference  

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Diamond Blackfan anaemia (DBA) is a rare, genetically and clinically heterogeneous, inherited red cell aplasia. Classical DBA affects about seven per million live births and presents during the first year of life. However, as mutated genes have been discovered in DBA, non-classical cases with less distinct phenotypes are being described in adults as well as children. In caring for these patients it is often difficult to have a clear understanding of the treatment options and their outcomes be...

2008-01-01

193

[The clinical and immunological manifestations of food intolerance in obese patients].  

Science.gov (United States)

The clinical and immunological manifestations of food intolerance in obese patients were studied. Food intolerance was diagnosed in 32.6 and 33.4% in obese patients stage 2 and stage 3 respectively, and was basically determined by 13 proteinaceous food products. The changes in immune status in obese patients created conditions for development of food intolerance. The timely diagnose food intolerance allows to personalize the diet therapy. PMID:23461178

Sentsova, T B; Gapparova, K M; Grigor'ian, O N; Vorozhko, I V; Kirillova, O O; Chekhonina, Iu G

2012-01-01

194

Are all patients diagnosed with tuberculosis in Indian medical colleges referred to the RNTCP?  

Science.gov (United States)

To assess the proportion of tuberculosis (TB) patients diagnosed in three medical colleges in the states of West Bengal and Meghalaya who benefited from the services provided under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP), a line list of patients with reports of investigations suggesting probable or confirmed TB was prepared from the records of the pathology, radiology and microbiology departments. This was compared with another line list prepared using RNTCP records. Only 150 (36%) of 420 probable or confirmed TB patients were referred to the RNTCP services. This suggests a need for more intensive supervision and training of medical college faculty. PMID:22668522

Quazi, T A; Sarkar, S; Borgohain, G; Sreenivas, A; Harries, A D; Srinath, S; Khan, K; Bishnu, B; Tapadar, S; Phukan, A C; Kabir, A; Chaddha, V; Paul, D; Dewan, P

2012-08-01

195

Serum Selenium, Zinc, and Copper in Early Diagnosed Patients with Pemphigus Vulgaris  

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Background: Pemphigus vulgaris is a life threatening, blistering skin disease.It is an autoimmune abnormality.Due to involvement of oral cavity and pharynx,patients are at risk of nutrients deficiency.The aim of this study was to evaluate the status of selenium, copper, and zinc in these patients.Methods:In a case-control study, 43 newly diagnosed pemphigus vulgaris patients were compared with 58 healthy people from 2009 to 2010. The severity of the disease was estimated according to Harman's...

2012-01-01

196

Randomized trial of a presurgical scheduled reduced smoking intervention for patients newly diagnosed with cancer.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: Cancer patients who smoke are advised to quit smoking to reduce treatment complications and future cancer risk. This study's main objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a novel, presurgical cessation intervention in newly diagnosed cancer patients scheduled for surgical hospitalization. Method: We conducted a parallel-arm, randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of our hospital-based, tobacco cessation "best practices" treatment model (BP; cessation counseling and nicotine replacement therapy) with BP enhanced by a behavioral tapering regimen (scheduled reduced smoking; BP + SRS) administered by a handheld computer before hospitalization for surgery. Cessation outcomes were short (hospital admission and 3 months) and longer-term (6 months) biochemically verified smoking abstinence. We hypothesized that BP + SRS would be superior to BP alone. One hundred eighty-five smokers were enrolled. Results: Overall, 7-day-point prevalence, confirmed abstinence rates at 6 months for BP alone (32%) and BP + SRS (32%) were high; however, no main effect of treatment was observed. Patients who were older and diagnosed with lung cancer were more likely to quit smoking. Conclusion: Compared to best practices for treating tobacco dependence, a presurgical, scheduled reduced smoking intervention did not improve abstinence rates among newly diagnosed cancer patients. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23895203

Ostroff, Jamie S; Burkhalter, Jack E; Cinciripini, Paul M; Li, Yuelin; Shiyko, Mariya P; Lam, Cho Y; Hay, Jennifer L; Dhingra, Lara K; Lord-Bessen, Jennifer; Holland, Susan M; Manna, Ruth

2014-07-01

197

Diagnosing and management of iatrogenic moderate and severe ovarian hyperstymulation syndrome (OHSS in clinical material.  

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Full Text Available Severe ovarian hyperstymulation syndrome is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication in patients undergoing assisted reproductive techniques (ART. The pathogenesis of this condition is likely to be multifactorial. The aim of the retrospective study was to present management in moderate and severe iatrogenic ovarian hyperstymulation syndrome (OHSS in clinical material. The study group was 19 women, admitted to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Central Clinical Hospital of Ministry of Interior and Administration in Warsaw from large outpatient infertility center "Novum" in Warsaw with moderate and severe OHSS between 14.07.2004 and 8.11.2005. Laboratory tests and ultrasound examination of the ovarian size and ascites were performed, abdominal circumference was measured. Patients were treated with rehydration with intravenous crystalloids and colloids, diuretics, antibiotics, anticoagulants and ultrasound-guided paracentesis if symptoms of ascites become severe (ascites causes pain and compromised pulmonary function. Oral intake of water was restricted, monitoring of fluid intake and output, and daily monitoring of body weight was performed. During treatment controlled laboratory tests were done. In one patient occurred intra-abdominal hemorrhage from ovarian rupture and laparotomy with oophorectomy was performed. The ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is still a difficult diagnostic and therapeutic problem and more studies are required to elucidate pathophysiology of OHSS. Because of still unknown etiology treatment is empirical and in most of cases bases on experience of medical team. Thus, the management in individual patients varies according to the severity of ovarian hyperstymulation syndrome and its complications.

Anna Fritz

2008-04-01

198

Clinical management of patients with hyperthyroidism  

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The clinical management of the hyperthyroid patient is controversial, because there is no perfect treatment. Factors that influence the choice of therapy include the patient's age, sex, and type of hyperthyroidism, as well as patient and physician preference

1985-01-01

199

16-year excess all-cause mortality of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients: a cohort study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that type 2 diabetic patients have higher all-cause mortality than people without diabetes, but it is less clear how diabetes affects mortality in elderly patients and to what degree mortality differs between diabetic men and women. The aim of the present study is to investigate the age- and sex-specific all-cause mortality pattern in patients with type 2 diabetes in comparison with the Danish background population. METHODS: Population-based cohort study of 1323 patients, diagnosed with clinical type 2 diabetes in 1989-92 and followed for 16 years. Median (interquartile range) age at diagnosis was 65.3 (55.8-73.6) years. The age- and sex-specific hazard rates were estimated for the cohort using the life table method and compared with the expected hazard rates calculated with Danish register data from the general population. RESULTS: In comparison with the general population, diabetic patients had a 1.5-2.5 fold higher risk of dying depending on age. The over-mortality was higherfor men than for women. It decreased with age in both sexes, and among patients over 80 years at diagnosis the difference between the observed and the expected survival was small. CONCLUSION: We found an excess mortality of type 2 diabetic patients compared with the background population in all age groups. The excess mortality was most pronounced in men and in young patients Udgivelsesdato: 2009

Hansen, Lars Jørgen; Olivarius, Niels de Fine

2009-01-01

200

Clinicoepidemiological characteristics of adult in 5patients with inflammatory bowel disease diagnosed Greek teaching hospitals during the year 2003  

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Full Text Available Background: During the last two decades the incidence and prevalence of Ulcerative Colitis (UC in some European countries reached a ?plateau?, a fact that is in sharp contrast to Crohn?s disease (CD which has shown up to a sixfold increase in incidence rates over the same period. New cases of CD now account for at least equal number of cases with UC. Aim: To present the results of the analysis of some clinicoepidemiological parameters of patients with IBD diagnosed during the year 2003 in 5 teaching hospitals situated in the great area of Athens and North Greece. Results: Seventy-seven new cases with IBD were diagnosed (40 patients with CD, 36 with UC and 1 with indeterminate colitis. Extensive/total colitis was observed in 21 out of 37 patients with UC (57%. One or more extraintestinal manifestations were observed in 11(29.7% patients with UC and 11(27.5% patients with CD. Duration of symptoms of less than one month was observed in 18 patients with UC (49% and 9(22.5% patients with CD. Partial or complete response to treatment was observed in 97% and 90% of patients with UC and CD respectively. Significant differences between patients with CD and UC were observed only in the age at onset of the disease (P<0.05. There was a tendency for significant differences between the two groups concerning duration of symptoms but differences did not reach statistical significance (P=0.078. No significant differences were observed in all other parameters examined including sex, family history of IBD, number and type of extraintestinal manifestations, smoking habits, and outcome of first attack. No significant differences were observed between men and women in all parameters examined except smoking habit. Indeed, significant differences in smoking habit were observed between men and women with UC (P<0.0001, while in patients with CD differences did not reach statistical significance (p=0.078. Conclusion: The number of new cases of CD referred to gastroenterology departments of teaching hospitals in Greece tend now to exceed the number of new cases with UC. The proportion of new cases with extensive UC is higher compared to the proportion of new cases with left colitis. No differences in the smoking habits between patients with UC and CD were found. The proportion of positive family history for IBD at the onset of the disease in either group of patients was low. Other clinical parameters did not show any significant differences compared to data described in previous studies originating from Greece. Key words: Ulcerative colitis, Crohn?s disease, Inflammatory bowel disease, Epidemiology, Clinical characteristics

J.K. Triantafillidis1, G. Kitis2, D. Karamanolis3, I. Karagiannis4, D. Tzourmakliotits5

2007-03-01

 
 
 
 
201

Improved survival in chronic lymphocytic leukemia in the past decade: a population-based study including 11,179 patients diagnosed between 1973–2003 in Sweden  

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Clinical management of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients has changed considerably over the last years, reflected in an increased use of prognostic markers, new therapeutic agents and procedures, and supportive care measures. In this large population-based cohort study of over 11,000 CLL patients diagnosed in Sweden between 1973 and 2003, the authors found significantly improved 5-year and, most importantly 10-year CLL survival trends in all age groups. The observed improvements are ...

2009-01-01

202

Bayesian probability analysis: a prospective demonstration of its clinical utility in diagnosing coronary disease  

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One hundred fifty-four patients referred for coronary arteriography were prospectively studied with stress electrocardiography, stress thallium scintigraphy, cine fluoroscopy (for coronary calcifications), and coronary angiography. Pretest probabilities of coronary disease were determined based on age, sex, and type of chest pain. These and pooled literature values for the conditional probabilities of test results based on disease state were used in Bayes theorem to calculate posttest probabilities of disease. The results of the three noninvasive tests were compared for statistical independence, a necessary condition for their simultaneous use in Bayes theorem. The test results were found to demonstrate pairwise independence in patients with and those without disease. Some dependencies that were observed between the test results and the clinical variables of age and sex were not sufficient to invalidate application of the theorem. Sixty-eight of the study patients had at least one major coronary artery obstruction of greater than 50%. When these patients were divided into low-, intermediate-, and high-probability subgroups according to their pretest probabilities, noninvasive test results analyzed by Bayesian probability analysis appropriately advanced 17 of them by at least one probability subgroup while only seven were moved backward. Of the 76 patients without disease, 34 were appropriately moved into a lower probability subgroup while 10 were incorrectly moved up. We conclude that posttest probabilities calculated from Bayes theorem more accurately classified patients with and without disease than did pretest probabilities, thus demonstrating the utility of the theorem in this application

1984-01-01

203

A need for “good eyes”: Experiences told by patients diagnosed with psychosis  

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Full Text Available This study highlights experiences of psychiatric care described by patients diagnosed with psychosis. The aim was to investigate how patients, based on earlier experiences, described their wishes and needs regarding the psychiatric care system. Data comprised material from four focus groups; analysis used an inductive thematic approach. Relationships with staff emerged as a recurring theme. During periods of psychosis, patients needed staff to act as “parental figures,” providing care, safety, and help in dealing with overwhelming stimulation from the outside word. In the ensuing struggle to devise a livable life, the need for relationships recurred. In this phase, staff needed to give their time, provide support through information, and mirror the patient's capacity and hope. The patient's trials were described as threatened by a lack of continuity and non-listening professionals. It was important for staff to listen and understand, and to see and respect the patients’ viewpoints.

Inga Tidefors

2011-01-01

204

Diagnoses of Patients with Severe Subjective Health Complaints in Scandinavia: A Cross Sectional Study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Patienter med symptomer, der ikke umiddelbart passer med en kendt medicinsk diagnose, er hyppige i almen praksis. Praktiserende læger blev i denne undersøgelse bedt om at sætte en diagnosekode på disse patienter, og der viste sig at være en meget stor variation i valget med op til 31 forskellige diagnoser på samme patient. Samtidig angiver lægerne dog ofte, at disse patienter fejler flere ting samtidigt. Der fandtes i undersøgelsen ingen forskel mellem de nordiske lande. Undersøgelsen blev lavet ved at lade praktiserende læger se videooptagelser af 9 patienter fra praksis og efterfølgende udfylde et elektronisk spørgeskema for hver af disse patienter. Videooptagelserne var lavet på baggrund af transkriberede cases fra en norsk praksis og indspillet med skuespillere. Undersøgelsen blev gennemført blandt 126 praktiserende læger i Norge, Danmark og Sverige i 2010. Hos patienter med medicinsk uforklarede symptomer bør man i højere grad være opmærksom på multimorbiditet, og en simpel diagnosetilgang vil være uhensigtsmæssig fx i forbindelse med sygemeldinger og sundhedspolitiske beslutninger.

Maeland, Silje; Werner, Erik L.

2012-01-01

205

Stem cell mobilization in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma after lenalidomide induction therapy.  

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Lenalidomide has raised concerns regarding its potential impact on the ability to collect stem cells for autologous stem cell transplantation, especially after prolonged exposure. The use of cyclophosphamide plus granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to mobilize peripheral blood stem cells may overcome this concern. In newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients, we investigated the influence of lenalidomide on stem cell collection. In a prospective study, 346 patients received four cycles of lenalidomide-dexamethasone (Rd). Stem cells were mobilized with cyclophosphamide and G-CSF. Patients failing to collect a minimum of 4 × 10(6) CD34(+)/kg cells received a second mobilization course. After mobilization, a median yield of 8.7 × 10(6) CD34(+)/kg was obtained from patients receiving Rd induction. After first mobilization, inadequate yield was observed in 21% of patients, whereas only 9% of patients failed to collect the target yield after the second mobilization attempt. In conclusion, we confirm that a short induction with lenalidomide allowed sufficient stem cells collection to perform autologous transplantation in 91% of newly diagnosed patients. PMID:21637283

Cavallo, F; Bringhen, S; Milone, G; Ben-Yehuda, D; Nagler, A; Calabrese, E; Cascavilla, N; Montefusco, V; Lupo, B; Liberati, A M; Crippa, C; Rossini, F; Passera, R; Patriarca, F; Cafro, A M; Omedè, P; Carella, A M; Peccatori, J; Catalano, L; Caravita, T; Musto, P; Petrucci, M T; Boccadoro, M; Palumbo, A

2011-10-01

206

Imaging axillary lymph nodes in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer.  

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The presence of axillary lymph node metastasis in patients newly diagnosed with breast cancer carries significant prognostic and management implications. As a result, there is increasing interest to stage accurately the axilla with preoperative imaging to facilitate treatment planning. Currently, the most widespread imaging techniques for the evaluation of the axilla include ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. In many settings, the ability to detect axillary lymph nodes containing metastases with imaging and image-guided biopsy can allow surgeons to bypass sentinel lymph node dissection and proceed with full axillary lymph node dissection. However, no imaging modality currently has sufficient negative-predictive value to obviate surgical staging of the axilla if no abnormal lymph nodes are detected. Promising advanced imaging technologies, such as diffusion-weighted imaging and magnetic resonance lymphangiography, hold the potential to improve the accuracy of axillary staging and thereby transform management of the axilla in patients newly diagnosed with breast cancer. PMID:22818835

Rahbar, Habib; Partridge, Savannah C; Javid, Sara H; Lehman, Constance D

2012-01-01

207

Characterization of a group of patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia diagnosed by diathermic loop biopsy  

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A retrospective, longitudinal and descriptive study was conducted in 2 696 medical records corresponding to patients diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and invasive cancer of cervix uteri (CCU) seen in the mother hospital of Guanabacoa municipality over above mentioned period. The information processing was from the data retrieval from medical records and biopsy control registry entering in a database in Microsoft Excel and the statistic processing using the SPSS package version 15 and EPIDAT

2011-01-01

208

Infused Therapy and Survival in Older Patients Diagnosed with Metastatic Breast Cancer who Received Trastuzumab  

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We used Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare data (2000-2006) to describe treatment and survival in women diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) who received trastuzumab. There were 610 patients with a mean age of 74 years. Overall, 32% received trastuzumab alone and 47% received trastuzumab plus a taxane. In multivariate analysis, trastuzumab plus chemotherapy was associated with a lower adjusted cancer mortality rate (Hazard Ratio [HR] 0.54; 95% Confidence Interval [C...

Griffiths, Robert I.; Lalla, Deepa; Herbert, Robert J.; Doan, Justin F.; Brammer, Melissa G.; Danese, Mark D.

2011-01-01

209

Black patients receive less clinical trial information than white patients  

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A study from the Wayne State University School of Medicine and the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute comparing how physicians discuss clinical trials during clinical interactions with black patients versus white patients further confirms racial disparities in the quality of communication between physicians and patients. Oncologists provided black patients with less information overall about cancer clinical trials compared with white patients, according to data presented at the Fifth AACR Conference on The Science of Cancer Health Disparities, Oct. 27-30, 2012.

210

Prognostic factors for weight loss over 1-year period in patients recently diagnosed with mild Alzheimer Disease  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The aim of the study was to identify prognostic factors for weight loss in patients recently diagnosed with mild Alzheimer disease (AD), with special emphasis on the patients' social participation and living arrangements. The data used in this study was part of the Danish Alzheimer Intervention StudY. The patients were home-living patients with a clinical diagnosis, within the past 12 months, of probable AD or mixed AD; age =50 years; mini-mental state examination score =20; informed consent; and data available at 1-year follow-up. In total, 268 patients were included. We used a cut off of 4% in 1 year for defining weight loss. The mean age at inclusion was 76.1 years. Sixty-six patients (24.6%) lost more than 4% of their body weight during the study period. A logistic regression showed that an increase of 1 baseline body mass index point significantly increased the odds of weight loss by 9%. Furthermore, the results suggested a trend that for men, living alone was a risk factor for losing weight, whereas forwomen living with somebody was associated with a higher risk. However, further studies are pertinent within this area. As weight loss is a predictor of mortality in patients with AD, clinicians should be aware of prognostic social indicators to prevent or halt a potential negative development.

Hansen, M.L.; Waldorff, F.B.

2011-01-01

211

Decitabine in patients with newly diagnosed and relapsed acute myeloid leukemia.  

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Treatment options for older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and for patients with relapsed/refractory AML are limited, and outcomes are poor. Decitabine, a hypomethylating agent, is active in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and AML, but its optimal dose and schedule are unknown. We report the efficacy and safety of repeated 10-day cycles of decitabine 20 mg/m(2) administered intravenously over 1 h in 52 newly diagnosed and 102 relapsed/refractory patients. Repeated 10-day cycles of decitabine produced a complete response (CR) in 40% of newly diagnosed older patients with AML, many of whom had adverse prognostic features. The median overall survival (OS) was 318 days but there was prolonged survival in responders of 481 days. Relapsed/refractory patients had a CR rate of 15.7% with a median OS of 177 days. Extramedullary toxicity was mild and the regimen was well tolerated for ongoing post-remission, outpatient maintenance cycles. Responses were durable for over 1 year. PMID:23270581

Ritchie, Ellen K; Feldman, Eric J; Christos, Paul J; Rohan, Sarah D; Lagassa, Catherine B; Ippoliti, Cindy; Scandura, Joseph M; Carlson, Karen; Roboz, Gail J

2013-09-01

212

Magnetic resonance imaging in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer: A review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer remains controversial. Here we review the current use of breast MRI and the impact of MRI on short-term surgical outcomes and rates of local recurrence. In addition, we address the use of MRI in specific patient populations, such as those with ductal carcinoma in situ, invasive lobular carcinoma, and occult primary breast cancer, and discuss the potential role of MRI for assessing response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Although MRI has improved sensitivity compared with conventional imaging, this has not translated into improved short-term surgical outcomes or long-term patient benefit, such as improved local control or survival, in any patient population. MRI is an important diagnostic test in the evaluation of patients presenting with occult primary breast cancer and has shown promise in monitoring response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy; however, the data do not support the routine use of perioperative MRI in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer. Cancer 2014;120:120:2080-2089. © 2014 American Cancer Society. PMID:24752817

Pilewskie, Melissa; King, Tari A

2014-07-15

213

Clinical and histopathological characteristics in patients with postmenopausal bleeding  

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Full Text Available Background: Incidence of endometrial carcinoma in Vojvodina is 15-20/100 000. In 75% cases, endometrial carcinoma is diagnosed in postmenopausal period. In 90 % of patients, the first clinical sign is postmenopausal bleeding. The aim of the study was to investigate clinical and histopathological characteristics in patients with postmenopausal bleeding. Methods: The study included 122 patients with postmenopausal bleeding. All of these patients underwent gynecological examination and vaginal ultrasound. We obtained materials for histopathological analysis by fractionate explorative curettage. Once we had definitive histopathological findings, we divided patients in two groups A (endometrial carcinoma and B (benign changes. Results: We confirmed significant statistical differences between examined group A and B, including age (64.49 compared with 58.81 years, postmenopausal period (13.67 instead 9.11 years, and length of uterine corpus (6.41 instead 5.25 cm. Conclusion: Elderly women with longer postmenopausal interval and postmenopausal bleeding had increased risk for endometrial carcinoma. Measurement of endometrial thickness by transvaginal ultrasound appeared to be insufficient parameter for differentiating the benign from the malignant changes of endometrium. Patients with endometrial carcinoma had significantly longer corpus of uterus comparing to patients with benign changes. Body mass index was not found to be significant risk factor in development of endometrial carcinoma in the examined groups. Obesity was diagnosed in both groups, suggesting that increased body mass index is a risk factor for development of pathological changes in endometrium, which could lead to postmenopausal bleeding.

Mandi? Aljoša

2013-01-01

214

Investigation of symptoms of referral and distribution of diagnoses among children and adolescents living abroad at a child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic  

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Full Text Available Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the symptoms of referral and distribution of diagnoses among children and adolescents living abroad, and to draw attention to and to evaluate their psychiatric problems. Method: Children and adolescents admitted to Gaziantep University Medical Faculty ?ahinbey Training and Research Hospital Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic, between 1 January 2010 - 31 December 2010 were included in this study. Psychiatric diagnoses made according to the DSM-IV criteria and sociodemographic data were obtained by evaluating hospital records retrospectively. Results: According to the records of 39 children and adolescents, the mean age was 9.07±4.3 years. Children and adolescents living in Germany (28.2% referred most frequently and most of the patients were living in European countries (87.2%. Thirty six cases (92.3% had at least 1 psychiatric disorder, the most common diagnoses were Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD, Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD and Anxiety Disorder. Nine out of 39 cases were admitted to Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic in the countries where they have lived because of similar symptoms. In seven of these cases, the diagnoses made in our outpatient clinic were compatible with the previous diagnoses made abroad, but in 2 cases, they were incompatible. Conclusion: Childrens of families living abroad usually referred during holiday seasons and their diagnosis and treatment evaluations have to be completed in a short period of time. In addition, taking into consideration the importance of cooperation between doctor, family and teacher, the need to develop a more comprehensive mental health policy about these children with psychiatric problems becomes obvious.

bilge burcak annagur

2012-01-01

215

Asperger's Syndrome: A Comparison of Clinical Diagnoses and Those Made According to the ICD-10 and DSM-IV  

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The diagnostic criteria for Asperger Syndrome (AS) according to ICD-10 and DSM-IV have been criticized as being too narrow in view of the rules of onset and precedence, whereby autism takes precedence over AS in a diagnostic hierarchy. In order to investigate this further, cases from the DSM-IV multicenter study who had been diagnosed clinically

Woodbury-Smith, Marc; Klin, Ami; Volkmar, Fred

2005-01-01

216

Clinical Characteristics, Patient-Reported Outcomes, and Previous Therapeutic Management of Patients with Uncontrolled Neuropathic Pain Referred to Pain Clinics  

Science.gov (United States)

Background. The aim of this report was to evaluate the clinical profile and previous management of patients with uncontrolled neuropathic pain who were referred to pain clinics. Methods. We included adult patients with uncontrolled pain who had a score of ?4 in the DN4 questionnaire. In addition to sociodemographic and clinical data, we evaluated pain levels using a visual analog scale as well as anxiety, depression, sleep, disability, and treatment satisfaction employing validated tools. Results. A total of 755 patients were included in the study. The patients were predominantly referred to pain clinics by traumatologists (34.3%) and primary care physicians (16.7%). The most common diagnoses were radiculopathy (43%) and pain of oncological origin (14.3%). The major cause for uncontrolled pain was suboptimal treatment (88%). Fifty-three percent of the patients were depressed, 43% had clinical anxiety, 50% rated their overall health as bad or very bad, and 45% noted that their disease was severely or extremely interfering with their daily activities. Conclusions. Our results showed that uncontrolled neuropathic pain is a common phenomenon among the specialties that address these clinical entities and, regardless of its etiology, uncontrolled pain is associated with a dramatic impact on patient well-being.

de Andres, Jose; de la Calle, Jose-Luis; Perez, Maria; Lopez, Vanessa

2014-01-01

217

Predictors of Distant Brain Recurrence for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Brain Metastases Treated With Stereotactic Radiosurgery Alone  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To ascertain predictors of distant brain failure (DBF) in patients treated initially with stereotactic radiosurgery alone for newly diagnosed brain metastases. We hypothesize that these factors may be used to group patients according to risk of DBF. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively analyzed 100 patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases treated from 2003 to 2005 at our Gamma Knife radiosurgery facility. The primary endpoint was DBF. Potential predictors included number of metastases, tumor volume, histologic characteristics, extracranial disease, and use of temozolomide. Results: One-year actuarial risk of DBF was 61% for all patients. Significant predictors of DBF included more than three metastases (hazard ratio, 3.30; p = 0.004), stable or poorly controlled extracranial disease (hazard ratio, 2.16; p = 0.04), and melanoma histologic characteristics (hazard ratio, 2.14; p = 0.02). These were confirmed in multivariate analysis. Those with three or fewer metastases, no extracranial disease, and nonmelanoma histologic characteristics (N = 18) had a median time to DBF of 89 weeks vs. 33 weeks for all others. One-year actuarial freedom from DBF for this group was 83% vs. 26% for all others. Conclusions: Independent significant predictors of DBF in our series included number of metastases (more than three), present or uncontrolled extracranial disease, and melanoma histologic characteristics. These factors were combined to identify a lower risk subgroup with significantly longer time to DBF. These patients may be candidates for initial localized treatment, reserving whole-brain radiation therapy for salvage. Patients in the higher risk group may be candidates for initial whole-brain radiation therapy or should be considered for clinical trials

2008-01-01

218

Profile of patients diagnosed with AIDS at age 60 and above in Brazil, from 1980 until June 2009, compared to those diagnosed at age 18 to 59  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to learn more about people diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS at age 60 and above in Brazil, and to compare them with people diagnosed at a younger age. METHODS: This study was based on the analysis of secondary data from the Brazilian AIDS Program. The study population consisted of people diagnosed with AIDS at age 60 and above. The comparison group was comprised of a 20% random sample of people diagnosed at age 18 to 59, frequency-matched by year of diagnosis. RESULTS: 544,846 cases of AIDS were reported in Brazil from 1980 until June 2009. Over 90% of cases were diagnosed between 18 and 59 years of age, and 13,657 (2.5% at age 60 and above. The first case of AIDS among the elderly was reported in 1984. The comparison group consisted of 101,528 patients. Gender proportion was similar for both groups, and the proportion of people identified with AIDS after death in the Brazilian Mortality Information System (SIM was 4% higher among the elderly. Both groups were also similar regarding the region of residence; a markedly higher proportion lived in Southeastern Brazil. Older people were more likely to have lower education and to have contracted AIDS by heterosexual contact, and less likely to be intravenous drug users. Male to female ratio among those diagnosed with AIDS at or above age 60 decreased over the years, in the same way as observed for the whole cohort. Mortality was higher among men in both groups. CD4 category (taken closest to the date of AIDS diagnosis was very similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: The characteristics of the epidemic among the elderly show similarities to the younger group considering gender distribution and CD4 category, but differ regarding educational level and exposure category. Also, the elderly were more likely not to have their AIDS condition promptly diagnosed.

Marise Oliveira Fonseca

2012-12-01

219

Clinical Profile of Leprosy Patients: A Prospective Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: Early diagnosis and early adequate drug treatment is very important aspect to reduce the load in cases of leprosy. So, correct labeling of paucibacillary and multibacillary cases is a prerequisite for the adequate treatment. Confirmation of diagnosis is an important indication for histopathological examination in doubtful cases. Objectives: The present study was carried out to know the clinical profile of leprosy patients, concordance between clinical and histopathological diagnosis in cases of leprosy, and to assess the therapeutic efficacy of antileprosy therapy. Study Design: Two hundred and fifty clinically diagnosed leprosy patients attending skin outdoor patient department (OPD) were included in the study. Slit skin smear was performed in all the cases. In that case concordance between clinical and histology can be determined only in 30 cases. All the patients were treated with MDT (multidrug therapy) as per WHO guideline. Results: A total of 250 patients attended the clinic with male to female ratio of 1.7:1. The highest incidence was noted in 17-40 years of age group. In the clinical disease spectrum, 40% patients were in the borderline spectrum followed by tuberculoid leprosy (TT) (29.2%), lepromatous leprosy (LL) (26.8%), and 3.9% of indeterminate leprosy (IL). A total of 18% of patients were of primary neuritic leprosy. A total of 8.3% patients had definite history of contact in the family or neighborhood. Clinicopathological correlation was noted in 60% of patients with maximum disparity (52.9%) in the borderline group of patients. A total of 52.8% were MB (Multibacillary) and 47.2% were PB (Paucibacillary) cases. Morphological index became negative after 6 months in all patients. Mean fall of bacteriological index after 6 months was 0.19, while after 1 year, it was 1.05. Conclusion: Timely diagnosis and adequate treatment of cases with MDT is most effective. Histopathological examination is must in doubtful cases of leprosy.

Thakkar, Sejal; Patel, Sangita V

2014-01-01

220

A Pilot Safety Study of Lenalidomide and Radiotherapy for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Multiforme  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of lenalidomide, an analogue of thalidomide with enhanced immunomodulatory and antiangiogenic properties and a more favorable toxicity profile, in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) when given concurrently with radiotherapy. Patients and Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed GBM received radiotherapy concurrently with lenalidomide given for 3 weeks followed by a 1-week rest period and continued lenalidomide until tumor progression or unacceptable toxicity. Dose escalation occurred in groups of 6. Determination of the MTD was based on toxicities during the first 12 weeks of therapy. The primary endpoint was toxicity. Results: Twenty-three patients were enrolled, of whom 20 were treated and evaluable for both toxicity and tumor response and 2 were evaluable for toxicity only. Common toxicities included venous thromboembolic disease, fatigue, and nausea. Dose-limiting toxicities were eosinophilic pneumonitis and transaminase elevations. The MTD for lenalidomide was determined to be 15 mg/m2/d. Conclusion: The recommended dose for lenalidomide with radiotherapy is 15 mg/m2/d for 3 weeks followed by a 1-week rest period. Venous thromboembolic complications occurred in 4 patients, and prophylactic anticoagulation should be considered

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Knowledge about HIV prevention and transmission among recently diagnosed tuberculosis patients: a cross sectional study  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Patients with Tuberculosis (TB) are a vulnerable group for acquiring HIV infection. Therefore, countries with a concentrated HIV epidemic and high prevalence of TB should provide adequate information about HIV prevention to TB patients. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study to evaluate the level of knowledge on HIV prevention and transmission among newly diagnosed TB patients in Lima, Peru. The survey evaluated knowledge about HIV infection and prevention and was administered before HIV counseling and blood sampling for HIV testing were performed. Results A total of 171 TB patients were enrolled; mean age was 31.1 years, 101 (59%) were male. The overall mean level of knowledge of HIV was 59%; but the specific mean level of knowledge on HIV transmission and prevention was only 33.3% and 41.5%, respectively. Age and level of education correlated with overall level of knowledge in the multivariate model (P-value: 0.02 and HIV transmission and prevention among newly-diagnosed TB patients in this setting, and underscores the need for implementing educational interventions in this population.

2013-01-01

222

Eltrombopag therapy in newly diagnosed steroid non-responsive ITP patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune disorder characterised by isolated thrombocytopenia (peripheral blood platelet count TPO-RA), such as eltrombopag have been shown to provide good response in steroid non-responsive chronic ITP patients. We have studied response to eltrombopag in 25 newly diagnosed steroid non-responsive ITP patients; 80 % patients showed response at the end of 1 month, and 76 % sustained response at the end of 3 months. The platelet count rose from a mean value of 17.5 ± 3.6-152.5 ± 107.9 × 10(9)/L at the end of 1 month. Our results suggest a possible role of eltrombopag in newly diagnosed steroid non-responsive ITP patients. However, our study is limited in that it is a single-centre study, with a small sample size, and lacks a long-term safety profile. Our findings highlight the potential value of a larger prospective study on the upfront use of TPO-RA in patients of ITP. PMID:24526570

Tripathi, Anil Kumar; Shukla, Ayush; Mishra, Sanjay; Yadav, Yogendra Singh; Yadav, Deependra Kumar

2014-04-01

223

[Myelodisplasic syndromes diagnosed in a geriatric hospital: morphological profile in 100 patients].  

Science.gov (United States)

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is particularly common in geriatric practice. As few data are available in very elderly patients, we conducted a 54-month retrospective study in patients over 70 years with MDS diagnosed at Hôpital Charles Foix. Patients with cobalamine, folate or iron deficiency were excluded. Regarding biological and morphologic approaches, MDS patients were classified according to the FAB criteria. We then tempted to reclassify the patients according to the WHO criteria. The Bournemouth scoring system was used as a prognostic tool. During the study period, 100 patients were included, 29 males and 71 females, median age 86 +/- 7 years (70-103). At the time of bone marrow sampling, a peripheral blood cytopenia was documented in 64 patients, a bicytopenia in 27 patients and a pancytopenia in 9 patients. Isolated anaemia (Hb 100 fL) was observed in 21 % of the cases. According to the FAB criteria, the 100 patients were classified as follows: refractory anaemia (RA): 79%; RA with ringed sideroblasts (RARS): 8%; RA with excess of blasts (RAEB): 8%; RAEB in transformation: 1%; chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia: 4%. According to the WHO classification, the patients were reclassified as follows: RA (unilineage) (with or without ringed sideroblasts): 10%; refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia with or without ringed sideroblasts (RCMD): 73%; RAEB: 7% (RAEB-1 6%, RAEB-21%); MDS/Myeloproliferative disorder: 4%; unclassified (hypocellularity): 5%; acute leukaemia: 1%. In order to estimate prognosis at the time of the bone marrow aspirate, we calculated the Bournemouth'score: 8 patients scored 0,57 scored 1,25 scored 2,8 scored 3 and 2 scored 4. In this geriatric population, 83% cases of MDS are RA or RCMD (with or without sideroblasts); MDS with excess of blasts are uncommon. Thus, elderly patients under study with MDS were diagnosed at an earlier stage of the disease than younger ones from series published in the literature. Due to frequent comorbidities, geriatric patients may be symptomatic for a slight decrease of haemoglobin level. Therefore, elderly patients are investigated as soon as they present with moderate anaemia that may explain the early MDS diagnosis. PMID:15047472

Dewulf, G; Gouin, I; Pautas, E; Gaussem, P; Chaïbi, P; Andreux, J-P; Siguret, V

2004-01-01

224

Risk factors of distant brain failure for patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases treated with stereotactic radiotherapy alone  

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Full Text Available Abstract Objective To explore the risk factors of distant brain failure (DBF for patients with brain metastasis (BM who were treated with stereotactic radiotherapy alone and to group the patients on the basis of their risk levels. Methods and Materials We retrospectively analyzed 132 newly diagnosed BM patients who were treated with stereotactic radiotherapy alone from May 2000 to April 2010. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were performed for univariate and multivariate analyses. Results The 1-year incidence rate of DBF was 44.7%, and the median DBF time (MDBFT was 18 months. In multivariate analysis, the risk factors of DBF were the number of BMs greater than 1 (p = 0.041, uncontrolled extracranial disease (p = 0.005, interval time (IT of less than 60 months between the diagnosis of primary tumor and BM (p = 0.024, and total volume of BM was greater than 6 cc (p = 0.049. Each risk factor was assigned 1 score. The median survival times for the patients with scores of 0-1, 2-3, and 4 were 31, 12, and 10 months, respectively, and the corresponding MDBFTs were not reached, 13, and 3 months, respectively, (p Conclusions The patients with scores of 0-1 had a lower risk of DBF than the patients with higher scores did, and it may be reasonable to treat these patients with SRS alone and resort to whole-brain radiation therapy only for salvage. The patients with a score of 4 had the highest risk of developing DBF after stereotactic radiotherapy alone, these patients may be candidates for initial whole-brain radiation therapy or clinical trials. The patients with a score of 2-3 had a moderate risk of developing DBF, SRT alone combined with close clinical monitoring would be the optimal treatment regimen for such patients, and for those patients with difficulties in receiving close clinical mornitoring, SRT combined with WBRT will be more suitable.

Chen Xiu-jun

2011-12-01

225

Phase II study of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, low-dose dexamethasone, and lenalidomide in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma.  

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Our previous phase I/II trial of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD), low-dose dexamethasone, and lenalidomide in patients with relapsed and refractory myeloma showed an overall response rate of 75%, with 29% achieving ? VGPR. Here, we investigated this combination (PLD 30 or 40 mg/m(2) intravenously, day 1; dexamethasone 40 mg orally, days 1-4; lenalidomide 25 mg orally, days 1-21; administered every 28 days) in a phase II study in patients with newly diagnosed symptomatic multiple myeloma to determine its efficacy and tolerability (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00617591). At best response, patients could proceed with high-dose melphalan or with maintenance lenalidomide and dexamethasone. In 57 patients, we found that the overall response rate and rate of very good partial response and better on intent-to-treat, our primary endpoints, were 77.2% and 42.1%, respectively, with responses per the International Myeloma Working Group. Median progression-free survival was 28 months (95% CI 18.1-34.8), with 1- and 2-year overall survival rates of 98.1 and 79.6%. During induction, grade 3/4 toxicities were neutropenia (49.1%), anemia (15.8%), thrombocytopenia (7%), fatigue (14%), febrile neutropenia (8.8%), and venous thromboembolic events (8.8%). During maintenance, grade 3/4 toxicities were mainly hematologic. We found this combination to be active in patients with newly diagnosed myeloma, with results comparable to other lenalidomide-based induction strategies without proteasome inhibition. In addition, maintenance therapy with lenalidomide was well tolerated. PMID:24030918

Baz, Rachid C; Shain, Kenneth H; Hussein, Mohamad A; Lee, Ji-Hyun; Sullivan, Daniel M; Oliver, Elizabeth Finley; Nardelli, Lisa A; Nodzon, Lisa A; Zhao, Xiuhua; Ochoa-Bayona, Jose Leonel; Nishihori, Taiga; Dalton, William S; Alsina, Melissa

2014-01-01

226

Clinical and Imaging Findings in 18 Patients with Eosinophilic Pneumonia  

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Full Text Available Background/Objective: Eosinophilic pneumonia is a rare cause of lung disease in adulthood. The relatively non-specific clinical presentations of this disease process make the diagnosis a unique challenge. Herein, we reported on clinical and radiological manifestations of this rare clinical entity in 18 patients. "nPatients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 18 patients with acute eosinophilic pneumonia in Masih Daneshvari Medical Center. Diagnostic criteria were based on clinical, laboratory and imaging findings."nResults: The most clinical manifestations were cough and weight loss 15 (0.83 followed by dyspnea 13 (0.72. The most frequent imaging findings were diffuse opacities (reticulo-nodular or alveolar infiltration in 11 (0.65, consolidation in six (0.33 and ground-glass opacities in four (0.28 patients."nConclusion: Diffuse rather than peripheral air-space opacities in imaging of a patient presented with dyspnea, cough, sputum, constitu-tional symptoms and eosinophilia should make us to think about eosinophilic pneumonia as one of differential diagnoses.

M. Bakhshayesh Karam

2007-10-01

227

Characteristics of patients with sensory neuropathy diagnosed with abnormal small nerve fibres on skin biopsy  

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Clinical, laboratory and electrodiagnostic (EDX) characteristics of 62 patients with sensory neuropathy with abnormal skin biopsies were reviewed. Reduced epidermal nerve fibre density (ENFD) was seen in 71% and morphological changes with normal ENFD were seen in 29% of the patients. Patients with small fibre sensory neuropathy may have associated large fibre loss undetected by routine EDX. Identified associations included abnormal glucose metabolism, Lyme vaccination, monoclonal gammopathy, ...

2006-01-01

228

High-sensitivity cardiac troponin T predicts nondipper hypertension in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients.  

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The increased prognostic accuracy of the high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) assay vs the conventional cTnT assay has recently been reported in hypertensive patients. The authors aimed to investigate the significance of serum hs-cTnT marker for prediction of nondipper hypertension (HTN) in hypertensive patients. A total of 317 patients with newly diagnosed HTN were studied. The patients were divided into two groups: 198 dipper hypertensive patients (mean age, 51.7 ± 5.1 years) and 119 nondipper hypertensive patients (mean age, 53.4 ± 7.6 years). Hs-cTnT and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were measured in all patients. hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP were independent predictors for nondipper HTN (P<.05 for all). The cutoff value of hs-cTnT obtained by the receiver operator curve analysis was 7.55 ng/L for the prediction of nondipper HTN (sensitivity: 79%, specificity: 70%; 95% confidence interval, 0.769-0.860; P<.001). In patients with HTN, higher serum concentration of hs-cTnT even within normal range is an independent predictor of nondipper HTN. PMID:24088281

Çayl?, Murat; Gür, Mustafa; Elbasan, Zafer; ?eker, Taner; Türko?lu, Caner; Kaypakl?, Onur; ?ahin, Durmu? Y; Uçar, Hakan; K?vrak, Ali; Koyunsever, Nermin Y; Sen, Ömer

2013-10-01

229

[Surgery in out patient units: identification of nursing diagnoses in the perioperative period].  

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This study aimed at identifying nursing diagnoses in the perioperative period of surgery outpatients. Levine's theory was selected as a theoretical framework in which four conservation principles are proposed, namely: energy conservation, structural integrity conservation, personal integrity conservation and social integrity conservation. Data were collected by the researcher in the outpatient service of a private hospital in the city of Ribeirão Preto (São Paulo, Brazil) in the months of January and February 2001 by using a previously validated instrument. The sample consisted of 30 adult patients submitted to surgeries in different specialties with regional or general anesthesia. After data collection, the identification of nursing diagnoses was made using the process of diagnostic thinking described by Risner. The construction of diagnostic categories was based on the NANDA taxonomy as well as on the study by Carpenito. In the perioperative period, fifteen diagnoses were identified and, in this study, those which obtained a frequency equal to or higher than 50% were analyzed, namely: anxiety, infection risk, lesion risk due to perioperative positioning and pain. PMID:14978567

Flório, Maria Cristina Simões; Galvão, Cristina Maria

2003-01-01

230

Spirometer-controlled cine magnetic resonance imaging used to diagnose tracheobronchomalacia in paediatric patients.  

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Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is defined as an excessive collapse of the intrathoracic trachea. Bronchoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosing TBM; however it has major disadvantages, such as general anaesthesia. Cine computed tomography (CT) is a noninvasive alternative used to diagnose TBM, but its use in children is restricted by ionising radiation. Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility of spirometer-controlled cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as an alternative to cine-CT in a retrospective study. 12 children with a mean age (range) of 12 years (7-17 years), suspected of having TBM, underwent cine-MRI. Static scans were acquired at end-inspiration and expiration covering the thorax using a three-dimensional spoiled gradient echo sequence. Three-dimensional dynamic scans were performed covering only the central airways. TBM was defined as a decrease of the trachea or bronchi diameter >50% at end-expiration in the static and dynamic scans. The success rate of the cine-MRI protocol was 92%. Cine-MRI was compared with bronchoscopy or chest CT in seven subjects. TBM was diagnosed by cine-MRI in seven (58%) out of 12 children and was confirmed by bronchoscopy or CT. In four patients, cine-MRI demonstrated tracheal narrowing that was not present in the static scans. Spirometer controlled cine-MRI is a promising technique to assess TBM in children and has the potential to replace bronchoscopy. PMID:23598953

Ciet, Pierluigi; Wielopolski, Piotr; Manniesing, Rashindra; Lever, Sandra; de Bruijne, Marleen; Morana, Giovanni; Muzzio, Pier Carlo; Lequin, Maarten H; Tiddens, Harm A W M

2014-01-01

231

Spirometer-controlled cine magnetic resonance imaging to diagnose tracheobronchomalacia in pediatric patients  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is defined as an excessive collapse of the intrathoracic trachea. Bronchoscopy is the gold standard to diagnose TBM, but bronchoscopy has major disadvantages, such as general anaesthesia. Cine-CT is a non-invasive alternative to diagnose TBM, but its use in children is restricted by ionizing radiation. Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility of spirometer-controlled cine-MRI as alternative to cine-CT in a retrospective study.12 children (mean 12 years, range 7-17), suspected to have TBM, underwent cine-MRI. Static scans were acquired at end-inspiration and expiration covering the thorax using a 3D SPGR sequence. 3D-Dynamic-scans were performed covering only the central airways. TBM was defined as a decrease of the trachea or bronchi diameter greater than 50% at end-expiration in the static and dynamic scans.The success rate of the cine-MRI protocol was 92%. Cine-MRI was compared with bronchoscopy or chest-CT in 7 subjects. TBM was diagnosed by cine-MRI in 7 out of 12 children (58%)and was confirmed by bronchoscopy or CT. In 4 patients, cine-MRI demonstrated tracheal narrowing that was not present in the static scans.Spirometer-controlled cine-MRI is a promising technique to assess TBM in children and has the potential to replace bronchoscopy.

Ciet, Pierluigi; Wielopolski, Piotr

2014-01-01

232

Newly diagnosed adult AML and MPAL patients frequently show clonal residual hematopoiesis.  

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Adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a highly heterogeneous stem cell malignancy characterized by the clonal expansion of immature myeloid precursors. AML may emerge de novo, following other hematopoietic malignancies or after cytotoxic therapy for other disorders. Here, we investigated the clonal vs reactive nature of residual maturing bone marrow cells in 59 newly diagnosed adult AML and mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) patients as assessed by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of AML and myelodysplastic syndrome-associated cytogenetic alterations and/or the pattern of chromosome X inactivation, in females. In addition, we investigated the potential association between the degree of molecular/genetic involvement of hematopoiesis and coexistence of altered immunophenotypes by flow cytometry. Our results indicate that residual maturing neutrophils, monocytes and nucleated red cell precursors from the great majority of newly diagnosed AML and MPAL cases show a clonal pattern of involvement of residual maturing hematopoietic cells, in association with a greater number of altered immunophenotypes. These findings are consistent with the replacement of normal/reactive hematopoiesis by clonal myelopoiesis and/or erythropoiesis in most newly diagnosed AML and MPAL cases, supporting the notion that in most adults presenting with de novo AML, accumulation of blast cells could occur over a pre-existing clonal hematopoiesis. PMID:23579575

Fernandez, C; Santos-Silva, M C; López, A; Matarraz, S; Jara-Acevedo, M; Ciudad, J; Gutierrez, M L; Sánchez, M L; Salvador-Osuna, C; Berruezo, M J; Díaz-Arias, J Á; Palomo-Hernández, A M; Colado, E; González, N; Gallardo, D; Asensio, A; García-Sánchez, R; Saldaña, R; Cerveró, C; Carboné-Bañeres, A; Gutierrez, O; Orfao, A

2013-11-01

233

Does delay in diagnosing colorectal cancer in symptomatic patients affect tumor stage and survival? A population-based observational study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Diagnosing colorectal cancer (CRC at an early stage improves survival. To what extent any delay affects outcome once patients are symptomatic is still unclear. Our objectives were to evaluate the association between diagnostic delay and survival in symptomatic patients with early stage CRC and late stage CRC. Methods Prospective population-based observational study evaluating daily clinical practice in Northern Holland. Diagnostic delay was determined through questionnaire-interviews. Dukes' stage was classified into two groups: early stage (Dukes A or B and late stage (Dukes C or D cancer. Patients were followed up for 3.5 years after diagnosis. Results In total, 272 patients were available for analysis. Early stage CRC was present in 136 patients while 136 patients had late stage CRC. The mean total diagnostic delay (SE was 31 (1.5 weeks in all CRC patients. No significant difference was observed in the mean total diagnostic delay in early versus late stage CRC (p = 0.27. In early stage CRC, no difference in survival was observed between patients with total diagnostic delay shorter and longer than the median (Kaplan-Meier, log-rank p = 0.93. In late stage CRC, patients with a diagnostic delay shorter than the median had a shorter survival than patients with a diagnostic delay longer than the median (log-rank p = 0.01. In the multivariate Cox regression model with survival as dependent variable and median delay, age, open access endoscopy, number and type of symptoms as independent variables, the odd's ratio for survival in patients with long delay (>median versus short delay (?median was 1.8 (95% confidence interval (CI 1.1 to 3.0; p = 0.01. Tumor-site was not associated with patient survival. When separating late stage CRC in Dukes C and Dukes D tumors, a shorter delay was associated with a shorter survival in Dukes D tumors only and not in Dukes C tumors. Conclusion In symptomatic CRC patients, a longer diagnostic and therapeutic delay in routine clinical practice was not associated with an adverse effect on survival. The time to CRC diagnosis and initiation of treatment did not differ between early stage and late stage colorectal cancer.

Visser Otto

2010-06-01

234

Time intervals from first symptom to treatment of cancer: a cohort study of 2,212 newly diagnosed cancer patients  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Delay in diagnosis of cancer may worsen prognosis. The aim of this study is to explore patient-, general practitioner (GP- and system-related delay in the interval from first cancer symptom to diagnosis and treatment, and to analyse the extent to which delays differ by cancer type. Methods Population-based cohort study conducted in 2004-05 in the County of Aarhus, Denmark (640,000 inhabitants. Data were collected from administrative registries and questionnaires completed by GPs on 2,212 cancer patients newly diagnosed during a 1-year period. Median delay (in days with interquartile interval (IQI was the main outcome measure. Results Median total delay was 98 days (IQI 57-168. Most of the total delay stemmed from patient (median 21 days (7-56 and system delay (median 55 days (32-93. Median GP delay was 0 (0-2 days. Total delay was shortest among patients with ovarian (median 60 days (45-112 and breast cancer (median 65 days (39-106 and longest among patients with prostate (median 130 days (89-254 and bladder cancer (median 134 days (93-181. Conclusion System delay accounted for a substantial part of the total delay experienced by cancer patients. This points to a need for shortening clinical pathways if possible. A long patient delay calls for research into patient awareness of cancer. For all delay components, special focus should be given to the 4th quartile of patients with the longest time intervals and we need research into the quality of the diagnostic work-up process. We found large variations in delay for different types of cancer. Improvements should therefore target both the population at large and the specific needs associated with individual cancer types and their symptoms.

Sokolowski Ineta

2011-10-01

235

A prospective study of spine fractures diagnosed by total spine computed tomography in high energy trauma patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since it is known to be impossible to identify spinal fractures in high-energy trauma patients the primary trauma evaluation, we have been performing total spine computed tomography (CT) in high-energy trauma cases. We investigated the spinal fractures that it was possible to detect by total spine CT in 179 cases and evaluated the usefulness of total spine CT prospectively. There were 54 (30.2%) spinal fractures among the 179 cases. Six (37.5%) of the 16 cervical spine fractures that were not detected on plain X-ray films were identified by total spine CT. Six (14.0%) of 43 thoracolumbar spine fractures were considered difficult to diagnose based on the clinical findings if total spine CT had not been performed. We therefore concluded that total spine CT is very useful and should be performed during the primary trauma evaluation in high-energy trauma cases. (author)

2011-01-01

236

Children diagnosed with congenital cardiac malformations at the national university departments of pediatric cardiology: positive predictive values of data in the Danish National Patient Registry  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: The present study was conducted to establish the positive predictive value of congenital cardiac malformation diagnoses registered in the Danish National Patient Registry (NPR), thereby exploring whether the NPR can serve as a valid tool for epidemiologic studies of congenital cardiac malformations. Materials and methods: The study population comprised every individual born from 2000 to 2008 who was registered in the NPR with a congenital cardiac malformation diagnosis and treated at one of the two national departments of pediatric cardiology. Positive predictive values were established comparing NPR information with the clinical record of each individual. Results: A total of 2952 patients with a total of 3536 diagnoses were eligible for validation. Review of their clinical records unveiled no patient without cardiac malformation. In 98% (98%–99%) of the cases, the NPR diagnosis could be found as the discharge diagnosis in the patient’s clinical record, and in 90% (89%–91%) of the cases the NPR diagnosis was considered a true reflection of the patient’s actual malformation. Conclusions: Our study verifies that the present study population retrieved from the NPR is a valid tool for epidemiological research within the topic of congenital cardiac malformations, given that the research question is not dependent on a fully established sensitivity of the NPR. Precautions should be made regarding cardiac malformations characterized by low prevalence or poor predictive values, and the reported validity should not be extrapolated beyond the study period.

Agergaard, Peter; Hebert, Anders; Bjerre, Jesper; S?rensen, Karina Meden; Olesen, Charlotte; ?stergaard, John Rosendal

2011-01-01

237

Nursing diagnoses for the immediate postoperative period of patients submitted to liver transplantation  

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Full Text Available Objective: The objective of this study was to identify the nursingdiagnoses in the immediate postoperative period of patientssubmitted to liver transplantation. Methods: Retrospective studycarried out by examination of the digitalized medical charts ofpatients submitted to liver transplantation from July 1st toDecember 31st, 2002. Results: Twenty-three patients had undergoneliver transplantation in the period determined for the study. Threehundredand eleven nursing diagnoses classified in 27 categorieswere found. Conclusion: Incidence of 100% of the following diagnosiswas observed: bathing/hygiene self-care deficit, impaired tissueintegrity, impaired bed mobility, risk for aspiration, risk for infection,risk for impaired skin integrity, and risk for falls.

Tatiane Ramos Canero

2004-06-01

238

Trace Elements (Se, Zn, and Cu Levels in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Acute Leukemia  

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Full Text Available Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate serum trace elements level, selenium (Se, zinc (Zn, and copper (Cu at the diagnosis of acute leukemia, and also if there is any difference in their serum levels among various subtypes of disease.Subjects: Fifty newly-diagnosed acute leukemia patients before starting therapy and fifty healthy subjects were entered into the study.Methods: Serum trace elements level was determined by atomic absorption spectrometry technique.Results: Serum selenium and zinc levels were significantly lower in patients than in healthy subjects. The comparison of trace element levels in acute myeloid leukemia (AML subtypes showed significant difference in Se levels between AML-M3 and AML-M5. There were no significant difference between Cu levels of patients and healthy subjects.Conclusions: Low serum levels of Zn and Se in leukemia patients in this study can express the need for assessing the effect of improving trace elements status on patient`s overall survival. A difference in Se levels between subgroups of AML patients warrants further investigation with larger sample size.

Atieh Modaressi

2012-07-01

239

What diagnoses may make patients more seriously ill than they first appear? Mortality according to the Simple Clinical Score Risk Class at the time of admission compared to the observed mortality of different ICD9 codes identified on death or discharge.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

The Simple Clinical Score (SCS) determined at the time of admission places acutely ill general medical patients into one of five risk classes associated with an increasing risk of death within 30 days. The cohort of acute medical patient that the SCS was derived from had, on average, four combinations of 74 groupings of ICD9 codes. This paper reports the ICD9 codes associated with the different SCS risk classes and identifies those ICD9 codes with a greater observed mortality than that of other patients in the same SCS risk class.

Kellett, John

2009-01-01

240

Phase II Trial of Hypofractionated IMRT With Temozolomide for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Multiforme  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To report toxicity and overall survival (OS) in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) treated with hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy (hypo-IMRT) with concurrent and adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ). Methods and Materials: Patients with newly diagnosed GBM after biopsy or resection and with adequate performance status and organ or bone marrow function were eligible for this study. Patients received postoperative hypo-IMRT to the surgical cavity and residual tumor seen on T1-weighted brain MRI with a 5-mm margin to a total dose of 60 Gy in 10 fractions (6 Gy/fraction) and to the T2 abnormality on T2-weighted MRI with 5-mm margin to 30 Gy in 10 fractions (3 Gy/fraction). Concurrent TMZ was given at 75 mg/m2/day for 28 consecutive days. Adjuvant TMZ was given at 150 to 200 mg/m2/day for 5 days every 28 days. Toxicities were defined using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. Results: Twenty-four patients were treated, consisting of 14 men, 10 women; a median age of 60.5 years old (range, 27–77 years); and a median Karnofsky performance score of 80 (range, 60–90). All patients received hypo-IMRT and concurrent TMZ according to protocol, except for 2 patients who received only 14 days of concurrent TMZ. The median number of adjuvant TMZ cycles was 6.5 (range, 0–14).With a median follow-up of 14.8 months (range, 2.7–34.2 months) for all patients and a minimum follow-up of 20.6 months for living patients, no instances of grade 3 or higher nonhematologic toxicity were observed. The median OS was 16.6 months (range, 4.1–35.9 months). Six patients underwent repeated surgery for suspected tumor recurrence; necrosis was found in 50% to 100% of the resected specimens. Conclusion: In selected GBM patients, 60 Gy hypo-IMRT delivered in 6-Gy fractions over 2 weeks with concurrent and adjuvant TMZ is safe. OS in this small cohort of patients was comparable to that treated with current standard of care therapy.

2012-11-01

 
 
 
 
241

Phase II Trial of Hypofractionated IMRT With Temozolomide for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Multiforme  

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Purpose: To report toxicity and overall survival (OS) in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) treated with hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy (hypo-IMRT) with concurrent and adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ). Methods and Materials: Patients with newly diagnosed GBM after biopsy or resection and with adequate performance status and organ or bone marrow function were eligible for this study. Patients received postoperative hypo-IMRT to the surgical cavity and residual tumor seen on T1-weighted brain MRI with a 5-mm margin to a total dose of 60 Gy in 10 fractions (6 Gy/fraction) and to the T2 abnormality on T2-weighted MRI with 5-mm margin to 30 Gy in 10 fractions (3 Gy/fraction). Concurrent TMZ was given at 75 mg/m{sup 2}/day for 28 consecutive days. Adjuvant TMZ was given at 150 to 200 mg/m{sup 2}/day for 5 days every 28 days. Toxicities were defined using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. Results: Twenty-four patients were treated, consisting of 14 men, 10 women; a median age of 60.5 years old (range, 27-77 years); and a median Karnofsky performance score of 80 (range, 60-90). All patients received hypo-IMRT and concurrent TMZ according to protocol, except for 2 patients who received only 14 days of concurrent TMZ. The median number of adjuvant TMZ cycles was 6.5 (range, 0-14).With a median follow-up of 14.8 months (range, 2.7-34.2 months) for all patients and a minimum follow-up of 20.6 months for living patients, no instances of grade 3 or higher nonhematologic toxicity were observed. The median OS was 16.6 months (range, 4.1-35.9 months). Six patients underwent repeated surgery for suspected tumor recurrence; necrosis was found in 50% to 100% of the resected specimens. Conclusion: In selected GBM patients, 60 Gy hypo-IMRT delivered in 6-Gy fractions over 2 weeks with concurrent and adjuvant TMZ is safe. OS in this small cohort of patients was comparable to that treated with current standard of care therapy.

Reddy, Krishna [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Damek, Denise [Department of Neurology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Gaspar, Laurie E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Ney, Douglas [Department of Neurology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Waziri, Allen; Lillehei, Kevin [Department of Neurosurgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Stuhr, Kelly; Kavanagh, Brian D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Chen Changhu, E-mail: changhu.chen@ucdenver.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States)

2012-11-01

242

Prevalence and epidemiology of HIV type 1 drug resistance among newly diagnosed therapy-naive patients in Belgium from 2003 to 2006  

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This study is the first prospective study to assess the prevalence, epidemiology, and risk factors of HIV-1 drug resistance in newly diagnosed HIV-infected patients in Belgium. In January 2003 it was initiated as part of the pan-European SPREAD program, and continued thereafter for four inclusion rounds until December 2006. Epidemiological, clinical, and behavioral data were collected using a standardized questionnaire and genotypic resistance testing was done on a sample taken within 6 month...

Vercauteren, J.; Derdelinckx, I.; Sasse, A.; Bogaert, M.; Ceunen, H.; Roo, A.; Wit, S.; Deforche, K.; Echahidi, F.; Fransen, K.; Goffard, J. C.; Goubau, P.; Goudeseune, E.; Yombi, J. C.; Lacor, P.

2008-01-01

243

Ask, Understand, Remember: A Brief Measure of Patient Communication Self-Efficacy Within Clinical Encounters  

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Patients' ability to effectively communicate with their health care providers is an essential aspect of proper self-care, especially for those with chronic conditions. We wanted to develop and validate a brief reliable measure of patient communication self-efficacy within clinical encounters. Consecutively recruited patients (n = 330) with diagnosed hypertension from seven primary care clinics in Chicago, Illinois, Grand Rapids, Michigan, and Shreveport, Louisiana completed an in-person inter...

Clayman, Marla L.; Pandit, Anjali U.; Bergeron, Ashley R.; Cameron, Kenzie A.; Ross, Emily; Wolf, Michael S.

2010-01-01

244

Outcome of patients diagnosed with diffuse toxic goiter after one month of radioactive I-131 therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: A retrospective study to evaluate the clinical outcome of treatment of hyperthyroidism due to diffuse toxic goiter using a calculated dose of radioactive I-131 in 27 patients referred for therapy by using the serum thyroid hormone level (FT4) one month post-therapy. All patients were maintained on anti-thyroid medications and were asked to stop treatment 5 days prior to thyroid scan. The calculated dose of Radioactive I-131 for each patient was determined by taking the dimensions of each thyroid gland and the 24- hour uptake value. Following the therapy, thyroid status was monitored by getting the thyroid hormone (FT4) one month post-therapy. There was a higher increased rate of hyperthyroidism in females than in males. These patients were advised to continue their anti-thyroid medications. Thus, determining the clinical outcome on post-therapy is useful since patients still require anti-thyroid or thyroid hormone intake. (author)

2007-07-01

245

Diagnosing delirium in elderly Thai patients: Utilization of the CAM algorithm  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Delirium is a common illness among elderly hospitalized patients. However, under-recognition of the condition by non-psychiatrically trained personnel is prevalent. This study investigated the performance of family physicians when detecting delirum in elderly hospitalized Thai patients using the Thai version of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM algorithm. Methods A Thai version of the CAM algorithm was developed, and three experienced Thai family physicians were trained in its use. The diagnosis of delirium was also carried out by four fully qualified psychiatrists using DSM-IV TR criteria, which can be considered the gold standard. Sixty-six elderly patients were assessed with MMSE Thai 2002, in order to evaluate whether they had dementia upon admission. Within three days of admission, each patient was interviewed separately by a psychiatrist using DSM-IV TR, and a family physician using the Thai version of the CAM algorithm, with both sets of interviewers diagnosing for delirium. Results The CAM algorithm tool, as used by family physicians, demonstrated a sensitivity of 91.9% and a specificity of 100.0%, with a PPV of 100.0% and an NPV of 90.6%. Interrater agreement between the family physicians and the psychiatrists was good (Cohen's Kappa = 0.91, p Conclusions Family physicians performed well when diagnosing delirium in elderly hospitalized Thai patients using the Thai version of the CAM algorithm, showing that this measurement tool is suitable for use by non-psychiatrically trained personnel, being short, quick, and easy to administer. However, proper training on use of the algorithm is required.

Lerttrakarnnon Peerasak

2011-07-01

246

Clinical and laboratory evaluation of hyperlipemic and hypothyroid patients  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of hypothyroidism in a sample of hyperlipemic patients and evaluate clinical and laboratory factors indicative of thyropathy among them. METHODS: Fifty-one hyperlipemic patients, grouped according to an earlier or recent diagnosis of their thyroid function into euthyroid and hypothyroid, were evaluated with clinical and laboratory examinations of blood levels of free T4 and TSH (by radioimmunoassay. Patients were on average 46.8±11.7 years old, predominantly of the female sex (62.5%; 31% had a previous diagnosis of hypothyroidism and were under treatment with thyroxin. RESULTS: Fourteen three percent of patients analyzed had hypothyroidism, which had not been detected before. Differentiating attributes of the groups analyzed were: a predominance of females among the hypothyroid patients and a higher HDL serum concentration among those recently diagnosed. CONCLUSION: In the present study, new cases of hypothyroidism in hyperlipemic patients were a frequent occurrence, yet few clinical and laboratory data except tests evaluating free T4 and TSH in the blood indicated which patients had thyroid dysfunction.

Ana Valéria Barros de Castro

2001-02-01

247

Clinical and laboratory evaluation of hyperlipemic and hypothyroid patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of hypothyroidism in a sample of hyperlipemic patients and evaluate clinical and laboratory factors indicative of thyropathy among them. METHODS: Fifty-one hyperlipemic patients, grouped according to an earlier or recent diagnosis of their thyroid function into [...] euthyroid and hypothyroid, were evaluated with clinical and laboratory examinations of blood levels of free T4 and TSH (by radioimmunoassay). Patients were on average 46.8±11.7 years old, predominantly of the female sex (62.5%); 31% had a previous diagnosis of hypothyroidism and were under treatment with thyroxin. RESULTS: Fourteen three percent of patients analyzed had hypothyroidism, which had not been detected before. Differentiating attributes of the groups analyzed were: a predominance of females among the hypothyroid patients and a higher HDL serum concentration among those recently diagnosed. CONCLUSION: In the present study, new cases of hypothyroidism in hyperlipemic patients were a frequent occurrence, yet few clinical and laboratory data except tests evaluating free T4 and TSH in the blood indicated which patients had thyroid dysfunction.

Ana Valéria Barros de, Castro; Alexandra Procópio, Bononi; Flávio, Aragon; Carlos Roberto, Padovani; Célia Regina, Nogueira; Gláucia M. F. da Silva, Mazeto; Walkyria de Paula, Pimenta.

248

Novel clinical findings in a case of postnatally diagnosed trisomy 12 mosaicism.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report on a girl with trisomy 12 mosaicism diagnosed postnatally. She has been followed from 4 months of age for developmental delay, unilateral sensorineural hearing loss, intestinal malrotation, hemi-hyperplasia, pigmentary dysplasia, retinopathy, and a vascular ring. To our knowledge, there have been no reports of complete trisomy 12 in the literature. However there have been a few reports describing the phenotype of individuals with trisomy 12 mosaicism. This case report is a description of the eighth liveborn individual diagnosed postnatally with this condition. PMID:22585428

Al-Hertani, Walla; McGowan-Jordan, Jean; Allanson, Judith E

2012-06-01

249

Method and system for the diagnosis of disease using retinal image content and an archive of diagnosed human patient data  

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A method for diagnosing diseases having retinal manifestations including retinal pathologies includes the steps of providing a CBIR system including an archive of stored digital retinal photography images and diagnosed patient data corresponding to the retinal photography images, the stored images each indexed in a CBIR database using a plurality of feature vectors, the feature vectors corresponding to distinct descriptive characteristics of the stored images. A query image of the retina of a patient is obtained. Using image processing, regions or structures in the query image are identified. The regions or structures are then described using the plurality of feature vectors. At least one relevant stored image from the archive based on similarity to the regions or structures is retrieved, and an eye disease or a disease having retinal manifestations in the patient is diagnosed based on the diagnosed patient data associated with the relevant stored image(s).

Tobin, Kenneth W; Karnowski, Thomas P; Chaum, Edward

2013-08-06

250

Clinical diagnoses and characteristics of women entering the Reykjavik Emergency Departments during the economic collapse in 2008  

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Background: The Prime Minister’s speech to the Icelandic nation on October 6th 2008 dramatically signalled the start of a swift economic collapse in Iceland. An earlier study reported a 40% increase in women attending to the Cardiac Emergency Department (ED) of Landspitali University Hospital in the following week. This spike is now being investigated further to determine underlying clinical characteristics and diagnoses of these women.

Rebekka Sigrún Lynch 1989

2013-01-01

251

Birth Order and Sibling Gender Ratio of a Clinical Sample of Children and Adolescents Diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder  

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Objective: It is not clear whether sibling’s gender ratio is associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study examines whether inattentiveness severity and hyperactivity/impulsivity severity are associated with birth order of children with ADHD.Method: Participants are a clinical sample of 173 children and adolescents with ADHD and 43 ones without ADHD. Diagnoses were made using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders forth edition-Text Revision (DSM...

Ahmad Ghanizadeh; Marzie Abotorabi-Zarchi; Mohammad Reza Mohammadi; Ali Firoozabadi

2012-01-01

252

Nerve Conduction Studies, SEP and Blink Reflex Studies in Recently Diagnosed, Untreated Thyroid Disease Patients  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the electrophysiological changes in the peripheral and central nervous system in recently diagnosed subclinical thyroid disease patients before any treatment. This study included 22 patients with hypothyroidism and 13 patients with hyperthyroidism who had no other disease which could affect peripheral or central nervous system. We performed nerve conduction studies, median nevre somatosensorial evoked potentials and blink reflex studies in 35 patients and 30 age and gender matched controls. Distal latency, compound muscle action potential amplitude, nerve conduction velocity, minumum F-latency were recorded in the motor nerve conduction studies, distal latency, sensorial nerve action potential amplitüde, nerve conduction velocity were recorded in the sensorial nerve conduction studies and cortical N20-P25 potential latencies were recorded during the median somatosensorial evoked potential study. Bilaterally R1, R2 and contralaterally R2 potentials were evaluated during the blink reflex studies. In the subclinical hypothyroid patients median motor and sensorial nerves were the most commonly affected nerves with carpal tunnel syndrom being positive in 54,5 % of these patients. Sensorimotor polyneuropathy was find in 8-9% of subclinical hypothyroid patients while this ratio was 15,38% in subclinical hyperthyroid patients. Sural neuropathy was found in 23,07% of subclinical hyperthyroid patients. A decrease in median, ulnar and sural sensorial nerve action potential amplitüdes and tibial motor nerve conduction velocities were the other findings in this group. During the median nerve SEP studies the most common pathological finding in all patients was an increase in P25 cortical latency. This was found in 45,45%

Gulbun YUKSEL

2007-03-01

253

[Diagnostic strategy in patients with clinically suspected deep vein thrombosis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

INTRODUCTION: The standard method for diagnosing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) involves determination of D-dimer and ultrasound scanning. In an attempt to reduce the number of ultrasound examinations we have supplemented this with a clinical probability estimate for DVT (DVT-score) over one year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 508 consecutive patients presenting in the emergency room with suspected DVT had D-dimer and DVT-score performed. Patients with non-elevated D-dimer and a low or moderate DVT score received no treatment. The remainder had ultrasound scanning from the groin to the popliteal fossa. If no DVT was revealed, the patient was contacted by telephone 7-10 days later, and was offered a repeat examination if symptoms persisted. RESULTS: Three patients with chronic DVT were excluded. Normal D-dimer and low or moderate DVT-score was found in 103 patients, none had DVT. Only five patients with normal D-dimer had high DVT-scores, none had DVT, so that the benefit from determining DVT-scores was modest. Ultrasound scanning revealed DVT in 85 out of 397 patients with elevated D-dimer. A repeat examination was performed in 91 patients with persisting symptoms, and disclosed DVT in two. CONCLUSION: We recommend that ambulatory patients with clinically suspected DVT have a D-dimer test. If D-dimer is elevated, compression ultrasound should be performed in the groin and the popliteal fossa Udgivelsesdato: 2008/3/31

Mantoni, Margit Yvonne; Kristensen, M.

2008-01-01

254

Negative and positive childhood experiences across developmental periods in psychiatric patients with different diagnoses – an explorative study  

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Abstract Background A high frequency of childhood abuse has often been reported in adult psychiatric patients. The present survey explores the relationship between psychiatric diagnoses and positive and negative life events during childhood and adulthood in psychiatric samples. Methods A total of 192 patients with diagnoses of alcohol-related disorders (n = 45), schizophrenic disorders (n = 52), affective disorders (n = 54), and personality disorders (n = 41) co...

2004-01-01

255

Sepsis and meningoencephalitis due to Rhodotorula glutinis in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus, diagnosed at autopsy  

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Rhodotorula species have been reported as a causative agent of opportunistic mycoses in immunocompromised hosts. We report a case of sepsis and meningoencephalitis caused by Rhodotorula glutinis in a 20-year-old female patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which was diagnosed at autopsy. The patient presented with longstanding fever. She was diagnosed with SLE after admission to the hospital and died on day 5 of the hospital stay. Autopsy was performed to confirm t...

Pamidimukkala Umabala; Challa Sundaram; Lakshmi Vemu; Tandon Ashwani; Kulkarni Srinivas; Raju Satyanarayana

2007-01-01

256

Alteraciones neuroftalmológicas en pacientes con hipertensión endocraneana idiopática / Neuro-opththalmologic alterations in patients diagnosed with idiopathic endocranial hypertension  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Determinar el comportamiento de las alteraciones neuroftalmológicas en pacientes con hipertensión endocraneana idiopática. MÉTODOS: Estudio prospectivo en 80 pacientes con hipertensión endocraneana idiopática en el Instituto de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer" durante el período 2006-2010 [...] , con énfasis en manifestaciones clínicas, examen físico y evaluación del disco por tomografía de coherencia óptica. RESULTADOS: La hipertensión endocraneana idiopática se presentó en el 61 % de mujeres entre 15 y 40 años. Las manifestaciones clínicas predominantes fueron cefalea, oscurecimientos visuales transitorios y diplopía. El examen físico mostró papiledema en todos los pacientes, afectación campimétrica en 87 % y alteraciones del contraste en 79 %, relacionados con el tiempo de evolución. La tomografía de coherencia óptica fue útil para diagnóstico y seguimiento de los casos estudiados. CONCLUSIONES: La hipertensión endocraneana idiopática produce daño funcional visual irreversible en pacientes diagnosticados tardíamente. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To determine the behavior of neuro-ophthalmologic alterations of this entity. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 80 patients diagnosed with idiopathic endocranial hypertension seen in the "Ramon Pando Ferrer" Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from 2006 to 2020 emphasizing the cl [...] inical manifestations, the physical examination and the assessment of disk by optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: The idiopathic endocranial hypertension was present in the 61 % of women aged between 15 and 40. The predominant clinical manifestations were headache, transient visual darkening and diplopia. The physical examination showed the presence of papilledema in all patients, campimetry affection in the 87 % and contrast alterations in the 79 % related to course time. The optical coherence tomography was useful for diagnosis and follow-up of the study cases. CONCLUSIONS: The idiopathic endocranial hypertension produces a visual functional damage irreversible in patients diagnosed in a late way.

Yannara Elina, Columbié Garbey; Mayttee, Herrera Padrón; Yaimara, Hernández Silva; Odelaisys, Hernández Echavarría; Léster, Pola Alvarado; Rosaralis, Santiesteban Freixas.

257

Clinical validity of detecting K-ras mutations for the diagnosis of exocrine pancreatic cancer: a prospective study in a clinically-relevant spectrum of patients  

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Abstract The diagnostic utility of detecting K-ras mutations for the diagnosis of exocrine pancreatic cancer (EPC) has not been properly studied, and few reports have analysed a clinically relevant spectrum of patients. The objective was to evaluate the clinical validity of detecting K-ras mutations in the diagnosis of EPC in a large sample of clinically relevant patients. We prospectively identified 374 patients in whom one of the following diagnoses was suspected at hospital admi...

2011-01-01

258

IgG Antibodies in Patients with Pemphigus Vulgaris before and after Diagnosing with Immunofluorescence  

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Pemphigus is defined as a group of chronic self-immune vesicular diseases histologically recognized by inter-epidermic vesicles resulting from acantholysis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the precipitant and circulative IgG antibodies in patients with pemphigus vulgaris before and after treating with immunofluorescence. Sixty-two patients (34 females and 28 males) with clinically and pathologically confirmed P.V. were studied prospectively over a one year period of time during which di...

Hamideh Azimi; Jafar Majidi; Rasul Estakhri; Mohamad Goldust

2013-01-01

259

Antiangiogenic Therapy for Patients with Recurrent and Newly Diagnosed Malignant Gliomas  

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Malignant gliomas have a poor prognosis despite advances in diagnosis and therapy. Although postoperative temozolomide and radiotherapy improve overall survival in glioblastoma patients, most patients experience a recurrence. The prognosis of recurrent malignant gliomas is dismal, and more effective therapeutic strategies are clearly needed. Antiangiogenesis is currently considered an attractive targeting therapy for malignant gliomas due to its important role in tumor growth. Clinical trials...

Shirai, Katsuyuki; Siedow, Michael R.; Chakravarti, Arnab

2012-01-01

260

Carfilzomib, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: a multicenter, phase 2 study.  

Science.gov (United States)

This multicenter, open-label phase 2 trial determined the safety and efficacy of carfilzomib, a novel and irreversible proteasome inhibitor, in combination with cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone (CCyd) in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) ?65 years of age or who were ineligible for autologous stem cell transplantation. Patients (N = 58) received CCyd for up to 9 28-day cycles, followed by maintenance with carfilzomib until progression or intolerance. After a median of 9 CCyd induction cycles (range 1-9), 95% of patients achieved at least a partial response, 71% achieved at least a very good partial response, 49% achieved at least a near complete response, and 20% achieved stringent complete response. After a median follow-up of 18 months, the 2-year progression-free survival and overall survival rates were 76% and 87%, respectively. The most frequent grade 3 to 5 toxicities were neutropenia (20%), anemia (11%), and cardiopulmonary adverse events (7%). Peripheral neuropathy was limited to grades 1 and 2 (9%). Fourteen percent of patients discontinued treatment because of adverse events, and 21% of patients required carfilzomib dose reductions. In summary, results showed high complete response rates and a good safety profile. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01346787. PMID:24855212

Bringhen, Sara; Petrucci, Maria Teresa; Larocca, Alessandra; Conticello, Concetta; Rossi, Davide; Magarotto, Valeria; Musto, Pellegrino; Boccadifuoco, Luana; Offidani, Massimo; Omedé, Paola; Gentilini, Fabiana; Ciccone, Giovannino; Benevolo, Giulia; Genuardi, Mariella; Montefusco, Vittorio; Oliva, Stefania; Caravita, Tommaso; Tacchetti, Paola; Boccadoro, Mario; Sonneveld, Pieter; Palumbo, Antonio

2014-07-01

 
 
 
 
261

Meta-analysis of capsule endoscopy in patients diagnosed or suspected with esophageal varices  

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Full Text Available AIM: To review the literature on capsule endoscopy (CE for detecting esophageal varices using conventional esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD as the standard.METHODS: A strict literature search of studies comparing the yield of CE and EGD in patients diagnosed or suspected as having esophageal varices was conducted by both computer search and manual search. Data were extracted to estimate the pooled diagnostic sensitivity and specificity.RESULTS: There were seven studies appropriate for meta-analysis in our study, involving 446 patients. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of CE for detecting esophageal varices were 85.8% and 80.5%, respectively. In subgroup analysis, the pooled sensitivity and specificity were 82.7% and 54.8% in screened patients, and 87.3% and 84.7% in the screened/patients under surveillance, respectively.CONCLUSION: CE appears to have acceptable sensitivity and specificity in detecting esophageal varices. However, data are insufficient to determine the accurate diagnostic value of CE in the screen/surveillance of patients alone.

Yi Lu, Rui Gao, Zhuan Liao, Liang-Hao Hu, Zhao-Shen Li

2009-03-01

262

Rituximab and dexamethasone vs dexamethasone monotherapy in newly diagnosed patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this study, we report the results from the largest cohort to date of newly diagnosed adult immune thrombocytopenia patients randomized to treatment with dexamethasone alone or in combination with rituximab. Eligible were patients with platelet counts â?¤25Ã?10(9)/L or â?¤50Ã?10(9)/L with bleeding symptoms. A total of 133 patients were randomly assigned to either dexamethasone 40 mg/day for 4 days (n = 71) or in combination with rituximab 375 mg/m(2) weekly for 4 weeks (n = 62). Patients were allowed supplemental dexamethasone every 1 to 4 weeks for up to 6 cycles. Our primary end point, sustained response (ie, platelets â?¥50Ã?10(9)/L) at 6 months follow-up, was reached in 58% of patients in the rituximab + dexamethasone group vs 37% in the dexamethasone group (P = .02). The median follow-up time was 922 days. We found longer time to relapse (P = .03) and longer time to rescue treatment (P = .007) in the rituximab + dexamethasone group. There was an increased incidence of grade 3 to 4 adverse events in the rituximab + dexamethasone group (P = .04). In conclusion, rituximab + dexamethasone induced higher response rates and longer time to relapse than dexamethasone alone. This study is registered at http://clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00909077.

Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

2013-01-01

263

Rituximab and Dexamethasone vs Dexamethasone Monotherapy in Newly Diagnosed Patients with Primary Immune Thrombocytopenia  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this study, we report the results from the largest cohort to date of newly diagnosed adult immune thrombocytopenia patients randomized to treatment with dexamethasone alone or in combination with rituximab. Eligible were patients with platelet counts â?¤25Ã?10(9)/L or â?¤50Ã?10(9)/L with bleeding symptoms. A total of 133 patients were randomly assigned to either dexamethasone 40 mg/day for 4 days (n = 71) or in combination with rituximab 375 mg/m(2) weekly for 4 weeks (n = 62). Patients were allowed supplemental dexamethasone every 1 to 4 weeks for up to 6 cycles. Our primary end point, sustained response (ie, platelets â?¥50Ã?10(9)/L) at 6 months follow-up, was reached in 58% of patients in the rituximab + dexamethasone group vs 37% in the dexamethasone group (P = .02). The median follow-up time was 922 days. We found longer time to relapse (P = .03) and longer time to rescue treatment (P = .007) in the rituximab + dexamethasone group. There was an increased incidence of grade 3 to 4 adverse events in the rituximab + dexamethasone group (P = .04). In conclusion, rituximab + dexamethasone induced higher response rates and longer time to relapse than dexamethasone alone. This study is registered at http://clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00909077.

Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

2013-01-01

264

Pitfalls in diagnosing ST elevation among patients with acute myocardial infarction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: Patients with ST elevation (STE) in ? 2 leads or ST depression (STD) confined to V?-V? are defined as potential STE myocardial infarction (STEMI). We evaluated the incidence of missed STEMI over an 11-month period. Methods: Consecutive patients with a discharge diagnosis of non STEMI were retrospectively evaluated. Clinical data, ECG and angiographic data were reviewed. Results: Of the 198 patients screened, 140 were included. Forty-nine patients (35%) met the STEMI criteria: 6 (12%) had STD confined to V?-V?, 20 (41%) had STD in V?-V?, 7 (14%) had STE in V?-V?, 2 (4%) had STE in I and aVL, 11 (22%) had STE in inferior leads, and 6 (12%) had STE in V?-V?. Conclusions: A significant percentage of patients met STEMI ECG criteria. A large number of patients with STD in V?-V? had angiographic evidence compatible with inferolateral (posterior) STEMI equivalent. PMID:23890685

Wei, Edward Y; Hira, Ravi S; Huang, Henry D; Wilson, James M; Elayda, MacArthur A; Sherron, Scott R; Birnbaum, Yochai

2013-01-01

265

Pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis in a patient ultimately diagnosed with Noonan syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe an infant prenatally diagnosed with hydrops fetalis ultimately found to have Noonan syndrome (NS). Prior to genetic confirmation of diagnosis, lung biopsy was performed which revealed widespread pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis (PIG), abnormal alveolarization, and mild inflammation. Although genetic alterations have been identified in NS, the mutations are heterogeneous and the diagnosis remains one of clinical suspicion. The combination of PIG and NS has not yet been documented in the literature. While the underlying pathophysiologic mechanism of PIG is unclear, we suggest that the mitogen-activated protein kinase signal transduction pathway members (PTPN11, KRAS, SOS1, RAF1, SHOC2, NRAS) involved in cellular growth factor signaling, which are affected in NS, can provide clues. In addition, this case demonstrates that empiric corticosteroids can be considered in complicated cases since biopsy did reveal an inflammatory component, not typically noted in PIG. PMID:24039098

Ross, Mindy K; Ellis, Linda S; Bird, Lynne M; Hagood, James S

2014-05-01

266

Genetical and Clinical Survey of Maple Syrup Urine Disease Patients  

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Full Text Available A 54-day old male infant was referred to the hospital because of weakness, lethargy, poor feeding, general hypotonia, nystagmus, pollakisuria and seizures. Blood gas analysis revealed metabolic acidosis. PT and PTT was disturbed. Brain sonography showed possible hemorrhagy in basal ganglia. The patient died in respiratory distress. Urine chromatography showed broad leucine, isoleucine and valine bands. Maple syrup urine disease was diagnosed. We review in brief genetical, biochemical and clinical aspects of maple syrup urine disease and its different types.

MT Haghi Ashtiani

2000-06-01

267

Evaluation of NANDA nursing diagnoses of healthcare college final year students during the clinical application of the mental health and disease nursing course  

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Full Text Available The aim of this descriptive study was to evaluate the NANDA nursing diagnoses of Pamukkale University Denizli Healthcare College final year students for the patients they undertook the care of and to determine the aims and interventions relevant to these diagnoses.The study universe consisted of all Pamukkale University Denizli Healthcare College final year students who were continuing their education during the 2009-2010 educational year and took the Mental Health and Disease Nursing course (84. The universe was studied before selecting a sample. The internal medicine, surgery, cardiovascular surgery, chest disease, orthopedics-urology, and physical treatment and rehabilitation clinics were chosen for the consultation liaison psychiatry (CLP while the AMATEM Center of the Denizli State Hospital and the Pamukkale University Psychiatry clinics were chosen as the student clinical application areas. The data were collected by evaluating the 136 nursing care plans prepared by the students and the data collection forms the students had used for nursing care during the 2009-2010 autumn semester. The nursing care was evaluated according to the symptom, etiology and problem (SEP format, using the diagnostic list containing the NANDA diagnoses that had previously been provided to the students, and the number and percentage distributions were determined.The patients cared for at the CLP clinics by the students included in the study had been admitted for surgical interventions at a rate of 29.8% and cancer at 28.6% while those in the psychiatry clinics had been admitted for psychosis or alcohol-substance abuse at a rate of 16.7%. The students included in the study had determined 36 nursing diagnoses in 136 cases. The 6 most common diagnoses were infection risk at 34.5%, disturbance of sleep pattern at 33.3%, anxiety at 25.0%, activity intolerance at 20.2%, inadequate personal coping at 16.7% and trauma risk at 13.1% at the CLP clinics, and disturbed sleep pattern at 15.5%, inadequate personal coping at 14.3%, anxiety at 14.3%, changes in family processes at 10.7%, self-care deficit at 10.7% and social interaction disturbance at 10.7% at the psychiatry clinics.The students showed low rates of being able to determine nursing diagnoses according to the SEP format and to plan, administer and evaluate result criteria accordingly. We recommend frequent demonstration of the nursing process via case studies starting from the first year of nursing training, providing a similar interpretation of the nursing process in all main nursing lectures by using a common language, informing the student that the nursing process is not just homework or a way of grading but is the essential tool of nursing care based on scientific foundations.

Gülay Ta?demir

2013-01-01

268

Comparison of Composite International Diagnostic Interview and clinical DSM-III-R criteria checklist diagnoses.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes a comparison of Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) diagnostic results and results based on clinicians' observation of CIDI assessments. Psychiatrists scored a DSM-III-R criteria checklist either while observing or after administering 20 CIDI interviews. Overall diagnostic concordance between the checklist and CIDI diagnoses was found to be good (kappa = 0.78). Good diagnostic agreement was also found for 3 groups of DSM-III-R disorders: depressive disorders (kappa = 0.84), psychoactive substance use disorders (kappa = 0.83) and anxiety phobic disorders (kappa = 0.76). These results are consistent with the results from a similar comparison between the CIDI and checklist results for ICD-10 diagnoses. PMID:1642126

Janca, A; Robins, L N; Bucholz, K K; Early, T S; Shayka, J J

1992-06-01

269

Thresholds of Oxidative Stress in Newly Diagnosed Diabetic Patients on Intensive Glucose-Control Therapy  

Science.gov (United States)

Cellular and animal studies suggest that oxidative stress could be the central defect underlying both beta-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus. A reduction of glycemic stress in diabetic patients on therapy alleviates systemic oxidative stress and improves insulin resistance and beta-cell secretion. Monitoring oxidative stress systematically with glucose can potentially identify an individual's recovery trajectory. To determine a quantitative model of serial changes in oxidative stress, as measured via the antioxidant glutathione, we followed patients newly diagnosed with diabetes over 8 weeks of starting anti-diabetic treatment. We developed a mathematical model which shows recovery is marked with a quantal response. For each individual the model predicts three theoretical quantities: an estimate of maximal glutathione at low stress, a glucose threshold for half-maximal glutathione, and a rate at which recovery progresses. Individual patients are seen to vary considerably in their response to glucose control. Thus, model estimates can potentially be used to determine whether an individual patient's response is better or worse than average in terms of each of these indices; they can therefore be useful in reassessing treatment strategy. We hypothesize that this method can aid the personalization of effective targets of glucose control in anti-diabetic therapy.

Ghaskadbi, Saroj; Goel, Pranay

2014-01-01

270

Reevaluation of patients with bipolar disorder on manic episode: improving the diagnosing of mixed episode.  

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Mixed manic/depressive episodes in patients with bipolar disorder are underdiagnosed because of restrictive diagnostic criteria. Using the broader definition of a mixed episode represented by the Cincinnati criteria, we reevaluated the medical records of patients with bipolar disorder hospitalized for a manic episode. We also examined the predictive power of previously unrecognized depressive symptoms. Of 520 inpatients with mania, we retrospectively diagnosed 59 (11.3%) as having a probable mixed episode. Compared with the patients with pure mania, the patients with mixed episodes were more likely to have a family history of psychiatric illness, comorbid personality disorder, and a history of suicide attempts. Binary logistic regression revealed that loss of interest, loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness, and feelings of helplessness had good positive predictive value (>0.7) for mixed episodes. Accurate diagnosis of mixed episodes may require a broadening of diagnostic criteria and emphasis on symptoms such as loss of interest, loss of energy, and feelings of worthlessness and helplessness. PMID:23896850

Kim, Kyung Ran; Cho, Hyun-Sang; Kim, Se Joo; Seok, Jeong-Ho; Lee, Eun; Jon, Duk-In

2013-08-01

271

Serum Selenium, Zinc, and Copper in Early Diagnosed Patients with Pemphigus Vulgaris  

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Full Text Available Background: Pemphigus vulgaris is a life threatening, blistering skin disease.It is an autoimmune abnormality.Due to involvement of oral cavity and pharynx,patients are at risk of nutrients deficiency.The aim of this study was to evaluate the status of selenium, copper, and zinc in these patients.Methods:In a case-control study, 43 newly diagnosed pemphigus vulgaris patients were compared with 58 healthy people from 2009 to 2010. The severity of the disease was estimated according to Harman's scores.Serum selenium was measured with atomic absorption but serum zinc and copper concentrations were determined spectrophotometrically. Data were compared with independent t test. Correlations were evaluated by Pearson correlation test.Results: Both groups were the same based on sex, age, and weight and body mass index.The mean duration of disease was 5.6 month. The oral and skin severities were 1.79 and 2.3 respectively, based on Harman's scores. Serum selenium of pemphigus patients was significantly less than that of healthy people (P<0.001.Serum copper was negatively correlated with duration of disease in males (P=0.02, r=-0.5.Conclusions: Pemphigus vulgaris negatively affects on serum selenium, copper and zinc.It seems that serum selenium, copper and zinc decrease as the disease lasts longer.

M Zarei

2012-04-01

272

Conventional risk factors among newly diagnosed coronary heart disease patients in Delhi  

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Full Text Available AIM: To analyze the conventional risk factors among newly diagnosed cases of coronary heart disease (CHD admitted to a hospital in Delhi, India. METHODS: This hospital-based prospective study included 276 consecutive newly diagnosed cases of CHD in the Coronary Care Unit of a tertiary care hospital in Delhi. RESULTS: The mean age of the cases was 49.7 ± 9.5 years, with the youngest case aged 27 years. The two risk factors present most frequently among the cases were inadequate physical activity and abnormal lipid profile. Just about 3.6% of cases in our study had a physical activity level (PAL that could be termed as “active”, with a large proportion (96.4% having a PAL suggestive of a sedentary lifestyle. A majority of patients were found to be current tobacco smokers (53.3% and 188 (68.1% subjects were lifetime ever smokers. There was not a single case who did not have one or more of the risk factors. More than one-quarter (n = 76 had six or more of the studied risk factors. CONCLUSION: Indians have among the CHD highest mortality rates amongst all ethnic groups studied so far. It is important to study the regional epidemiology of the cardiovascular events to allow for location-specific prevention and control programs.

Sanjiv K Bhasin

2011-01-01

273

[Fusariosis diagnosed in the laboratory of an UH in Tunisia: epidemiological, clinical and mycological study].  

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The genus Fusarium, initially known for its important agro-economic impact, is more and more often implicated in human pathology. In fact, multiples allergic, toxic and infectious manifestations are more reported in immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts. The objective of our study was to analyse the epidemiological, mycological and clinical features of fusariosis reported in our CHU. Eighty-seven cases of Fusarium infections were collected: 34 cases of onychomycosis (39%), 26 cases of intertrigos (30%), 25 cases of keratomycosis (29%), one case of atypical invasive fusariosis due to Fusarium oxysporum species complex (FOSC) and one case of localized gingivolabial fusariosis due to Fusarium solani species complex (FSSC) in a patient with leukemia in phase of deep bone marrow aplasia, whose outcome was favorable after exiting of aplasia period and a treatment by amphotericine B. The case of pseudotumoral cutaneous fusariosis to F. oxysporum complicated with osteolysis and septic arthritis occurred in a pregnant woman without any immune deficit. The evolution was fatal in spite of prescription of multiple systemic antifungals. Concerning keratomycosis, Fusarium was the first agent responsible for these infections (43%). The corneal traumatism was found in 37.5% of cases and FSSC was the most isolated (72%). For superficial dermatomycosis, Fusarium was the third agent of onychomycosis in molds (25%). The most isolated species were FSSC (68%) and FOSC (20%). The intertrigo frequency was 0.07% and they were mostly caused by FSSC (84%) and FOSC (16%). Fusarium is an important cause of mold infections in our region. So, the species identification is useful because some species are resistant to the most common systemic antifungal agents. PMID:23725904

Néji, S; Trabelsi, H; Cheikhrouhou, F; Sellami, H; Guidara, R; Trigui, A; Feki, J; Boudaya, S; Turki, H; Makni, F; Ayadi, A

2013-06-01

274

Clinical importance of Clostridium difficile finding in hospitalized patients  

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Full Text Available Introduction Clostridium difficile infections predominatelly occur among hospitalized patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the importance of finding the isolate of Clostridium difficile cultured from the stool of hospitalized patients. Material and methods Material consisted of 100 patients with at least one liquid stool samples and control group with form stool. Every patient spent minimum 48h in hospital before the sampling. The material was immediately cultured on mediums for isolation of enteric pathogens, and on selective CCFA medium (Biomedics for Clostridium difficile in anaerobic condition. Diagnosis of Clostridium difficile toxin in stool samples was achieved by ELISA-RIDASCREEN Clostridium difficile Toxin A/B test (R-Biopharm. Results One-hundred forty one stool samples of patients in Clinical Center Nis were cultivated and examined for C. difficile. The bacteria was isolated in seven patients from the clinical group. In four (57.14% patients, the presence of C. difficile toxin in stool was established. The bacteria was diagnosed from the stool samples of five patients from the control group, but the toxin was not found in their stool samples. Discussion The results performed at the Institute for Public Health Nis are in accordance with previously published results that all patients with positive findings of Clostridium difficile toxin in stool samples were on antibiotic treatment longer than 14 days. By analyzing the patient's stay in hospital and duration of antibiotic treatment, we observed the statistically significant difference in findings between the patients with CDAD and the patients from the control group with positive bacteria. Conclusion The study confirms the importance of finding Clostridium difficile associated disease in four (4% hospitalized patients.

Koci? Branislava

2008-01-01

275

Effects of potassium iodide (KI) protective dose on the course of thyroid diseases diagnosed at the Outpatient Endocrinologic Clinic in Lodz, 1986, before Chernobyl accident  

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2521 patients of the Lodz Outpatient Endocrinologic Clinic (2290 females, 231 males; inhabitants of the central region of Poland were included in the study. The obtained results indicate that: 1) KI administration neither increased the number of exacerbations of hyperthyroidism nor affected the onset of new cases of that disease in 1986. 2) The same can be said about the cases of thyroiditis and hypothyroidism. 3) No increase of ATMA or ATG antibodies ''prevalence, as well as no elevation of those antibodies'' titres after KI prophylactic dose were observed in the patients with Grave's disease and chronic thyroiditis, when compared to persons who did not take Lugol's iodine. 4) The course of the majority of diseases diagnosed in 1986, evaluated with use of the, so called, test for analysis of trends, became unchanged. 5) There were adverse side effects noted after KI in 32 patients out of all the examined 774 patients (i.e., in 4.13%); five of the affected patients required medical care. 6) After iodine tincture; side effects occurred in three patients in the group of 35 patients included in the examination, i.e., in 8.57%; none of the affected patients required medical care. 7) Our results, comprising the four year observation period after Chernobyl accident, do not indicate any increased incidence of malignant neoplasms of the thyroid gland, what confirms the apparent theoretical data; much longer observation time is necessary to reveal phenomena of scholastic type (10-15 years). (author). 30 refs, 11 figs, 14 tabs

1991-01-01

276

Antimalarial efficacy of a quantified extract of Nauclea pobeguinii stem bark in human adult volunteers with diagnosed uncomplicated falciparum malaria. Part 1: a clinical phase IIA trial.  

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The aim of this phase IIA clinical trial was to assess the efficacy of an 80?% ethanolic quantified extract (containing 5.6?% strictosamide as the putative active constituent) from Nauclea pobeguinii stem bark denoted as PR 259 CT1 in a small group of adult patients diagnosed with uncomplicated falciparum malaria. Results obtained from a phase I clinical trial on healthy male volunteers indicated that the oral administration during meals of two 500?mg capsules three times daily (each eight hours) during seven days was well tolerated and showed only mild and self-resolving adverse effects. This PR 259 CT1 drug regimen was obtained by mathematical conversion of animal doses obtained in several in vivo studies in mice to human equivalent doses as in falciparum malaria patients. The phase IIA study was an open cohort study in eleven appraisable adult patients suffering from proven Plasmodium falciparum malaria. The study was specifically designed to assess the efficacy of PR 259 CT1 administered with a dose regimen of two 500?mg capsules three times daily for three days, followed by outpatient treatment of one 500?mg capsule three times daily for the next four days, in order to prove that this therapeutic dose, which was calculated from animal doses, was effective to treat adult malaria patients and consequently useful for a future Phase IIB clinical trial. This study would then substitute a dose-escalating trial, which in general is used to find the appropriate dose for clinical studies. The phase IIA clinical trial was carried out according to the WHO 2003 14-day test, and the results revealed that all eleven patients were completely cleared of parasitemia and fever on days 3, 7, and 14 except for one patient, who experienced a recurrence of parasitemia at days 7 until 14. Besides this adequate clinical and parasitological response (ACPR), this trial also demonstrated that PR 259 CT1 was well tolerated with only mild and self-resolving adverse effects including fatigue and headache, which were in accordance with those found in the phase I clinical trial. Moreover, all symptoms progressively disappeared, and no symptoms were observed on day 14. Although the number of patients included in this study was rather limited, the statistical analysis nevertheless suggested the efficacy and tolerability of PR 259 CT1, which indicated that this herbal medicinal product might be considered as a putative candidate for a large scale clinical trial. PMID:22095262

Mesia, Kahunu; Tona, Lutete; Mampunza, Ma Miezi; Ntamabyaliro, Nsengi; Muanda, Tsobo; Muyembe, Tamfum; Cimanga, Kanyanga; Totté, Jozef; Mets, Tony; Pieters, Luc; Vlietinck, Arnold J

2012-02-01

277

Event-based prospective memory in newly diagnosed, drug-naive Parkinson's disease patients.  

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The present study investigated memory for intention in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) who were newly diagnosed and not yet treated to avoid the effect of therapy as a potential confounding variable. A comprehensive neuropsychological battery and an event-based prospective memory task were administered to 41 subjects with de novo PD and 40 control subjects. Separate scores were computed for correct execution of intended action (prospective component) and recall of intention (retrospective component). PD patients performed marginally worse (p = .053) than controls on the prospective component of the task. On the other hand, the performance of the two groups was comparable for the retrospective component. Neuropsychological findings revealed lower performance of the PD group in episodic memory and in some measures of executive functions. These results suggested a subtle prospective memory dysfunction present at the initial stage of PD, which may be related to disruption of fronto-striatal circuitry. PMID:22014082

Pagni, Cristina; Frosini, Daniela; Ceravolo, Roberto; Giunti, Giulia; Unti, Elisa; Poletti, Michele; McClintock, Shawn M; Murri, Luigi; Bonuccelli, Ubaldo; Tognoni, Gloria

2011-11-01

278

Correlation between bone scan findings and serum PSA level in prostate cancer patients in Bangladesh: both newly diagnosed and hormonally treated cases  

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Full text: The objective of the current study was to determine whether pre- treatment serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels can identify a group with low probability of osseous metastases and safely eliminate the need for bone scan as a routine part of the staging evaluation in Bangladeshi patients with newly diagnosed prostate carcinoma. Also, to find out a cut off value for serum PSA level for predicting positive bone scan in newly diagnosed Bangladeshi prostate cancer patients and to assess the role of PSA level in hormonally treated cases. Prostate cancer most commonly metastasizes to the bone. Bone scintigraphy is one of the best methods in detecting bone metastases, assessing the progression of the disease and response to therapy. For more than 30 yrs it has been known that bone scintigraphy is more sensitive than radiographic, clinical evaluation or chemical markers such as alkaline phosphatase or acid phosphatase in detection of early osseous metastatic prostate cancer. The introduction of PSA has dramatically changed the management of prostate cancer. Serum PSA level has proven to be a useful serum marker for detection of metastatic prostate cancer and it provides the best overall correlation. It also has considerable impact on bone scanning. Of special significance is the fact that patients who have a low PSA level in previously untreated carcinoma of prostate are extremely unlikely to have positive findings on a bone scan for metastases. The picture is different in patients who has received and responded to hormonal therapy. Bone scintigraphy appears to be extremely useful in patients whose PSA level begins to rise after surgical procedure. Patients, who were on anti- androgen therapy, even though they had visible metastatic disease on bone scans, had normal level of PSA Patients and methods: A total of 390 cases were studied. Some (n=242) were newly diagnosed without having any specific treatment other than surgery. Others (n=148) were old cases who received treatment for their prostate cancer. All patients underwent a bone scan and serum PSA measurement. Results: Only 6% of 242 patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer had positive bone scan on initial evaluation. Scans were positive in 0 of 112 with PSA level below 10 ng/ml, 5 of 76 with PSA level between 10 to 20 ng/ml and 09 of 54 with PSA level above 30 ng/ml. In newly diagnosed cases the sensitivity of PSA in predicting bony mets was found to be appreciably high and did not decrease notably with the increase of cut off value from 10ng/ml to 30ng/ml. From this study it was evident that PSA level between 10-30ng/ml has optimum sensitivity and specificity in newly diagnosed cases. In case of patients on hormone therapy bone scan was positive in 49 cases at PSA level 20ng/ml. PSA alone would have failed to detect a significant number of patients in hormonally treated cases indicating a low sensitivity in this group. Conclusion: Patients with newly diagnosed and untreated prostate cancer should undergo bone scintigraphy if there is bone pain. Recent reports discourage the routine use of a bone scan when serum PSA is <20ng/ml. In newly diagnosed cases, the incidence of bone metastasis increased with the increasing level of serum PSA. The likelihood of bone metastasis is low in newly diagnosed cases when PSA level is low. In hormonally treated cases bone scan was positive even when the PSA level was low. PSA is a major predictor for positive bone scan. About two third of the patients analyzed were in the low risk group and elimination of a bone scan in these patients would result in considerable economic saving. Serum PSA level may remain low even in presence of metastases in hormonally treated cases. For assessment of hormonally treated cases bone scan should be done. (author)

2007-07-01

279

Patient Scheduling in a Therapeutic Clinic  

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A patient scheduling system is described that assigns appointments in a therapeutic clinic as to coordinate the use of human and material resources and homogenize the workload of each therapist. We discuss its use in a physiotherapeutic clinic and its implementation on a home computer.

Bourque, Michel

1980-01-01

280

Brain putamen volume changes in newly-diagnosed patients with obstructive sleep apnea  

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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is accompanied by cognitive, motor, autonomic, learning, and affective abnormalities. The putamen serves several of these functions, especially motor and autonomic behaviors, but whether global and specific sub-regions of that structure are damaged is unclear. We assessed global and regional putamen volumes in 43 recently-diagnosed, treatment-naïve OSA (age, 46.4 ± 8.8 years; 31 male) and 61 control subjects (47.6 ± 8.8 years; 39 male) using high-resolution T1-weighted images collected with a 3.0-Tesla MRI scanner. Global putamen volumes were calculated, and group differences evaluated with independent samples t-tests, as well as with analysis of covariance (covariates; age, gender, and total intracranial volume). Regional differences between groups were visualized with 3D surface morphometry-based group ratio maps. OSA subjects showed significantly higher global putamen volumes, relative to controls. Regional analyses showed putamen areas with increased and decreased tissue volumes in OSA relative to control subjects, including increases in caudal, mid-dorsal, mid-ventral portions, and ventral regions, while areas with decreased volumes appeared in rostral, mid-dorsal, medial-caudal, and mid-ventral sites. Global putamen volumes were significantly higher in the OSA subjects, but local sites showed both higher and lower volumes. The appearance of localized volume alterations points to differential hypoxic or perfusion action on glia and other tissues within the structure, and may reflect a stage in progression of injury in these newly-diagnosed patients toward the overall volume loss found in patients with chronic OSA. The regional changes may underlie some of the specific deficits in motor, autonomic, and neuropsychologic functions in OSA.

Kumar, Rajesh; Farahvar, Salar; Ogren, Jennifer A.; Macey, Paul M.; Thompson, Paul M.; Woo, Mary A.; Yan-Go, Frisca L.; Harper, Ronald M.

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Epithelioid sarcoma-like (pseudomyogenic) hemangioendothelioma, clinically mimicking dermatofibroma, diagnosed by skin biopsy in a 30-year-old man.  

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Epithelioid sarcoma-like (pseudomyogenic) hemangioendothelioma (ESHE) represents a rare soft tissue and bone tumor that typically presents as nodule(s) in the distal extremities of young adults. The nodules traverse several tissue planes simultaneously and can involve the dermis, subcutis, skeletal muscle and bone. ESHE shares clinical and microscopic features with epithelioid sarcoma (ES), and, accordingly, is commonly misdiagnosed as ES. However, unlike ES, which has a poor prognosis, ESHE commonly follows an indolent course. Herein, we report a case of ESHE diagnosed by skin biopsy that clinically mimicked a dermatofibroma. We also provide clinical photographs of the lesions in various stages of development, representing information that has not been previously published, to our knowledge. PMID:24033835

Stuart, Lauren N; Gardner, Jerad M; Lauer, Scott R; Monson, David K; Parker, Douglas C; Edgar, Mark A

2013-10-01

282

Clinical findings and imaging features of 67 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with postradiation nasopharyngeal necrosis  

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Postradiation nasopharyngeal necrosis is an important late effect of radiotherapy that affects prognosis in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. In the present study, we reviewed the clinical and imaging features of 67 patients with pathologically diagnosed postradiation nasopharyngeal necrosis who were treated at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between June 2006 and January 2010. Their clinical manifestations, endoscopic findings, and imaging features were analyzed. Early nasopharyng...

2013-01-01

283

Profile of sapacitabine: potential for the treatment of newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia in elderly patients  

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Full Text Available Ming Y Lim, Katarzyna JamiesonDepartment of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USAAbstract: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML is a hematopoietic stem cell disorder that affects approximately 14,000 persons each year in the US. AML occurs at all ages but the incidence increases with age with the median age at diagnosis being 67 years. Advances in the treatment of AML over the past decades have led to improved survival, albeit mostly in younger patients. The prognosis of older patients with this disease over the same time span has not changed much and remains dismal. This review focuses on the epidemiology and characteristics of AML in elderly patients, the rationale for treating elderly AML patients, and the currently available and potential future treatment options such as sapacitabine. Elderly AML patients treated with intensive chemotherapy have a higher mortality rate, and a lower rate of complete remission and overall survival when compared to the younger population. This is due to both the different biology of the disease and the number of patient-specific factors. However, elderly AML patients treated with aggressive chemotherapy can achieve durable remissions, which offer prolonged survival and improved quality of life. Recent data also indicates that elderly AML patients deemed unfit for intensive chemotherapy benefit from leukemia-specific attenuated dose chemotherapy compared to supportive care alone. This has led to renewed interest to look for anti-leukemic therapies designed specifically for older patients. Sapacitabine, a novel oral nucleoside analog, promises good efficacy, favorable toxicity profile, and ease of administration; all of which makes it very appealing. Results from pre-clinical and clinical studies have been very encouraging and sapacitabine is currently being evaluated in a Phase III study, of which the results are eagerly awaited.Keywords: AML, elderly, management, sapacitabine

Lim MY

2014-05-01

284

Treatment pathways of extrapulmonary patients diagnosed at a tertiary care hospital in Delhi, India  

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Background: In order to put extrapulmonary tuberculosis patients early on treatment, it is important to study pathways, which these patients adopt in for seeking treatment. Materials and Methods: In order to study the treatment pathways of extrapulmonary patients and assess appropriate points for intervention, a cross-sectional study was conducted in chest clinic of a tertiary care hospital in Delhi. Results: Factors associated with longer paths included reason for going to first health facility (nearness and known provider), availing more than one health facilities, presenting symptoms of fever, joint pain, nodular skin swelling and skin lesion. Self-referral to the chest clinic was associated with shorter paths. Lower level of education, occupation, non-serious perception of the disease and visiting five health facilities were significantly associated with patient delay of more than 3.5 weeks. Symptoms of fever, joint pain and skin lesion, visiting private health facility first, availing more than two health facilities and travelling distance of more than 100 km to reach chest clinic were significantly associated with the health facility delay of more than 4.5 weeks. Conclusions: Increasing public awareness, training of private practitioners and capacity building of government facilities will help in reducing delay.

Grover, Manoj; Bhagat, Neelima; Sharma, Nandini; Dhuria, Meera

2014-01-01

285

Performance of anti-HEV assays for diagnosing acute hepatitis E in immunocompromised patients.  

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Hepatitis E virus is an emerging concern in immunocompromised patients, who may become chronically infected. This prompted us to assess the performance of two anti-HEV IgG and IgM assays for diagnosing acute HEV infections. The specificities of the assays were estimated by testing samples from 2 to 3 year-old French children and blood donors and their sensitivities by testing 40 immunocompromised patients acutely infected. Both anti-HEV IgM assays were highly specific (99.6% and 100%). The sensitivity of the Adaltis was 87.5%, and that of Wantai was 85%. The specificities of anti-HEV IgG Wantai (97.8%) and Adaltis tests (89.5%, p=0.1) were similar but the Wantai test was more sensitive (45%) than the Adaltis test (15%, p<0.001). None of the samples was anti-HEV IgM negative and IgG positive. We conclude that these anti-HEV IgM assays performed well in immunosuppressed subjects with acute hepatitis E and can be used as first line virological tools. Testing for anti-HEV IgG and IgM simultaneously at the acute phase did not improve the diagnostic performance. In contrast, molecular detection of HEV RNA appears essential to exclude an HEV infection in patients who are negative for anti-HEV IgM and to assess the evolution of hepatitis E 3 months thereafter. PMID:24183927

Abravanel, Florence; Chapuy-Regaud, Sabine; Lhomme, Sébastien; Miedougé, Marcel; Peron, Jean-Marie; Alric, Laurent; Rostaing, Lionel; Kamar, Nassim; Izopet, Jacques

2013-12-01

286

Serum Calcium Levels in Newly-diagnosed Patients with Tuberculosis in Hamedan (West of Iran  

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Full Text Available To investigate the incidence of hypercalcemia in TB patients and to assess its relationship with TB, a study was conducted in Infectious Diseases Division of Sina Hospital in Hamedan province (west of Iran. During an 18-month period, 65 patients with newly-diagnosed TB (30 males and 35 females, were prospectively evaluated who aged between 15 and 84 years (mean 53.3 years. Age- and sex-matched subjects (82 with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (27 males and 55 females, aged between 16 and 85 (mean 53.5 years was selected as a control group. Serum calcium, phosphorus, total protein, albumin and alkaline phosphatase were measured in all subjects. No significant difference was found between the mean albumin-adjusted calcium levels in the TB group (8.79±1.53 mg dL-1 and the control group (8.57±1.12 mg dL-1. Hypercalcemia was found in 11 (16.9 % of TB patients and 6 (7.3 % of controls (?2 = 3.27, p = 0.07, non significant. This study revealed that there is non significant difference association between hypercalcemia and tuberculosis.

Seyyed Hamid Hashemi

2005-01-01

287

Clinical management of dying patients.  

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Dying is universal, and death should be a peaceful time. Myriad comfort measures are available in the last weeks before life ends. Discussions about end-of-life issues often suffer from lack of informed opinion. Palliative care experts have identified specific somatic and psychological sources of distress for dying patients and their loved ones. Pain, shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting, and fear of abandonment contribute substantially to both physical and psychological discomfort toward...

Gavrin, J.; Chapman, C. R.

1995-01-01

288

3.0 Tesla vs 1.5 Tesla breast magnetic resonance imaging in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients  

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AIM: To compare 3.0 Tesla (T) vs 1.5T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging systems in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients. METHODS: Upon Institutional Review Board approval, a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant retrospective review of 147 consecutive 3.0T MR examinations and 98 consecutive 1.5T MR examinations in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer between 7/2009 and 5/2010 was performed. Eleven patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the 3.0T group...

Butler, Reni S.; Christine Chen; Reena Vashi; Hooley, Regina J.; Philpotts, Liane E.

2013-01-01

289

Altered galectin-1 serum levels in patients diagnosed with high-grade glioma.  

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High-grade gliomas (HGG) are the most common and most aggressive intrinsic human brain tumors in adults. Galectin-1, a glycan-binding protein that is overexpressed in HGG, has been shown to contribute significantly to the aggressive nature of HGG. It is unknown whether increased galectin-1 expression levels are exclusively found at the tumor site or whether galectin-1 can also be detected in the serum of HGG patients. Galectin-1 serum levels were analyzed in a prospective dataset of 43 healthy controls and 125 patients with newly diagnosed or recurrent HGG. Samples were taken at the moment of surgical resection and/or 2-3 weeks after surgery. Galectin-1 serum levels were determined using an ELISA for galectin-1. Galectin-1 serum levels depended significantly on age and sex in the control group. Age- and sex-adjusted galectin-1 serum levels were significantly higher in all patient subgroups compared to healthy controls with a high discriminative ability that increased with age. We did not observe a significant decrease in the galectin-1 serum levels upon surgical resection of the tumor. Collectively, the data presented here may represent a first step to establish galectin-1 as a biomarker in HGG disease monitoring. Further longitudinal evaluation is required and ongoing to investigate the value of galectin-1 serum levels in HGG patients as an additional diagnostic marker, but more importantly as a predictor of treatment response and prognosis. Furthermore, galectin-1 serum levels could also provide an important tool for the identification of HGG patients that could benefit from galectin-1 directed therapies that are currently under development. PMID:23824536

Verschuere, Tina; Van Woensel, Matthias; Fieuws, Steffen; Lefranc, Florence; Mathieu, Veronique; Kiss, Robert; Van Gool, Stefaan W; De Vleeschouwer, Steven

2013-10-01

290

The Choice of Regimens Based on Bortezomib for Patients with Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma  

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Introduction Bortezomib has significantly improved multiple myeloma (MM) response rates, but strategies for choosing bortezomib-based regimens for initial MM therapy are not standardized. Here, we describe four bortezomib-based therapies in Chinese MM patients to determine the optimal chemotherapeutic approach. Methods Newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients at three hematological centers between February 1, 2006 and May 31, 2013 were treated with therapies including bortezomib plus dexamethasone (PD) or combinations of PD with either adriamycin (PAD), cyclophosphamide (PCD) or thalidomide (PTD) for every 28 days. Results The overall response rate of all the 215 eligible patients was 90.2%. The ORR for PCD, PAD, PTD and PD were 97.4%, 93.2%, 85.3% and 77.8% while the effects with VGPR or better were 63.7%, 62.7%, 44.2% and 37.8%, respectively. The effect of ORR, VGPR and CR/nCR for the PCD regimen was better than the PD protocol. Median PFS for all patients was 29.0 months with significant differences observed among treatment groups. Median OS of all the patients was not reached, but three-drug combinations were superior to PD alone. Frequently observed toxicities were neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, fatigue, infection, herpes zoster, and peripheral neuropathy. The incidence of peripheral neuropathy (PN) in PTD group was significantly higher than other three groups, especially grade 2–3 PN. Treatment with anti-viral agent acyclovir significantly reduced the incidence of herpes zoster. Conclusions Our experience indicated that bortezomib-based regimens were effective and well-tolerated in the Chinese population studied; three-drug combinations PCD, PAD were superior to PD, especially with respect to PCD.

Han, Xiaoyan; Zheng, Gaofeng; Zheng, Weiyan; Wei, Guoqing; Wu, Wenjun; Ye, Xiujin; Shi, Jimin; Xie, Wanzhuo; Li, Li; Zhang, Jie; Huang, Weijia; Zhao, Yi; Huang, He; Zhang, Xuejin; Fu, Jiaping; Cai, Zhen

2014-01-01

291

Evaluation of Dream Content Among Patients with Schizophrenia, their Siblings, Patients with Psychiatric Diagnoses Other than Schizophrenia, and Healthy Control  

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Full Text Available Objective: Schizophrenia is a chronic psychotic disorder with unknown etiology that causes cognitive impairment, affecting thinking, behavior, social function, sleep and dream content. This study considered the dream content of patients with schizophrenia, siblings of patients with schizophrenia, patients with psychiatric diagnoses other than schizophrenia, and a group of healthy controls. The aim of this study was to compare the dream content of patients with schizophrenia with dream content of individuals with other mental disorders, first degree relatives of patients with schizophrenia, and community controls . Method: Seventy-two patients were selected and placed in 4 groups. The first group consisted of 18 inpatients with schizophrenia whose medications were stable for at least four weeks; the second group consisted of 16 nonpsychotic mentally ill inpatients; the third group consisted of 18 individuals who were siblings of patients with schizophrenia; and the fourth group consisted of 20 healthy individuals in the community with no family history of mental or somatic disorders. The four groups were matched by age and gender. A 14-item dream content questionnaire was administered for all the participants, and the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS was also administered for the two groups of hospitalized patients . Results: Results showed that there were significant differences in dream content among groups included friends acquaintances, females and colorful components. No significant differences were found between the positive and negative subscales of PANSS and any of the dream questionnaire subscales. Conclusion: Our results suggest that there were a few changes in the dream content of the patients with schizophrenia compare to other groups.

Leeba Rezaie

2012-04-01

292

Evaluation of Dream Content among Patients with Schizophrenia, their Siblings, Patients with Psychiatric Diagnoses other than Schizophrenia, and Healthy Control  

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Objective Schizophrenia is a chronic psychotic disorder with unknown etiology that causes cognitive impairment, affecting thinking, behavior, social function, sleep and dream content. This study considered the dream content of patients with schizophrenia, siblings of patients with schizophrenia, patients with psychiatric diagnoses other than schizophrenia, and a group of healthy controls. The aim of this study was to compare the dream content of patients with schizophrenia with dream content of individuals with other mental disorders, first degree relatives of patients with schizophrenia, and community controls. Method Seventy-two patients were selected and placed in 4 groups. The first group consisted of 18 inpatients with schizophrenia whose medications were stable for at least four weeks; the second group consisted of 16 nonpsychotic mentally ill inpatients; the third group consisted of 18 individuals who were siblings of patients with schizophrenia; and the fourth group consisted of 20 healthy individuals in the community with no family history of mental or somatic disorders. The four groups were matched by age and gender. A 14-item dream content questionnaire was administered for all the participants, and the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS) was also administered for the two groups of hospitalized patients. Results Results showed that there were significant differences in dream content among groups included friends acquaintances, females and colorful components. No significant differences were found between the positive and negative subscales of PANSS and any of the dream questionnaire subscales. Conclusion Our results suggest that there were a few changes in the dream content of the patients with schizophrenia compare to other groups.

Tahmasian, Masoud; Younesi, Golrokh; C Schwebel, David; Rezaei, Mansour; Rezaie, Leeba; Mohamadi, Mehrak; Ghanbari, Arezo

2012-01-01

293

Introducing Optometry Students to Clinical Patient Care.  

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Describes the innovative content and structure of an introductory course on clinical patient care at the Illinois College of Optometry. Critiques its success based on student grades and feedback, concluding that it was successful in imparting skills of data analysis but had minimal impact on students' ability to empathize with patients. (EV)

Gable, Eileen M.

2001-01-01

294

Urinary markers of nucleic acid oxidation and long-term mortality of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

OBJECTIVE: We analyzed data from a cohort of 1,381 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients to test the hypothesis that urinary markers of nucleic acid oxidation are independent predictors of mortality. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We examined the relationship between urinary excretion of markers of DNA oxidation (8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine [8-oxodG]) and RNA oxidation (8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine [8-oxoGuo]) and long-term mortality using Cox proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: After multivariate adjustment, the hazard ratios for all-cause and diabetes-related mortality of patients with 8-oxoGuo levels in the highest quartile compared with those in the lowest quartile were 1.44 (1.12-1.85) and 1.54 (1.13-2.10), respectively. Conversely, no significant associations between 8-oxodG and mortality were found in the adjusted analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Urinary excretion of the RNA oxidation marker 8-oxoGuo measured shortly after diagnosis of type 2 diabetes predicts long-term mortality independently of conventional risk factors. This finding suggests that 8-oxoGuo could serve as a new clinical biomarker in diabetes

Broedbaek, K.; Siersma, Volkert Dirk

2011-01-01

295

Giant cell tumor of soft tissue in groin region, clinically diagnosed as inguinal lymphadenopathy  

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Full Text Available Giant cell tumor of soft tissue is a rare primary soft tissue neoplasm with clinical and histological similarities to giant cell tumor of bone. Most cases arise from superficial soft tissue of extremities and present as painless and well circumscribed masses. Adequate surgical treatment by complete excision is associated with a benign clinical course in most cases. We report a case of primary giant cell tumor of soft tissue in groin region of a young man which was thought to be an inguinal lymphadenopathy in clinical examination. KEY WORDS: Giant cell tumor, soft tissue, inguinal lymphadenopathy, groin.

Ahmad Sobhan Ardakani

2006-12-01

296

Predictors and patterns of red blood cell transfusion use among newly diagnosed cancer patients with chemotherapy-associated anemia in Western Denmark (1998–2003  

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Full Text Available Mellissa Yong1, Anders H. Riis3, Jon P. Fryzek2, Bjarne K. Møller4, Søren P. Johnsen3 1Department of Global Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Amgen Inc, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA; 2Department of Epidemiology and Computational Biology, Exponent, Alexandria, VA, USA; 3Department of Clinical Epidemiology; 4Department of Clinical Immunology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, DenmarkObjective: Cancer patients receiving chemotherapy are at increased risk of anemia. We conducted a population-based historical cohort study in newly diagnosed cancer patients with chemotherapy-associated anemia in order to characterize red blood cell transfusion (RBCT use.Design: This study evaluated cancer patients diagnosed between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 2003 using Danish National Patient Registry data. Patients were receiving chemotherapy and had a hemoglobin level ?10.9 g/dL during the 4 months following cancer diagnosis. We characterized patterns of RBCT use and inpatient and outpatient hospitalization for transfusion. Adjusted Poisson regression models were used to evaluate the likelihood of RBCT, estimated by relative risk (RR, based on demographic and clinical factors.Results: Women constituted 58% of 1782 patients studied; the median age was 58 years. Two-thirds (67% had solid tumors; 67% had stage III or IV disease at diagnosis. Overall, 713 (40% patients received an RBCT within 120 days of cancer diagnosis, of which 94% were administered in the inpatient setting; 84% of these patients required subsequent transfusions. The median (Q1, Q3 pretransfusion hemoglobin level was 9.0 (8.4, 9.8 g/dL. Patients aged <20 years were more likely to receive an RBCT than older patients (RR 1.89; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.44–2.49. Compared with stage IV disease, those with stage II or III disease had a lower likelihood of RBCT (stage II: RR 0.52, 95% CI: 0.37–0.72; stage III: RR 0.68, 95% CI: 0.55–0.83. Patients diagnosed with breast cancer were less likely to receive an RBCT than patients with hematologic cancers (RR 0.34, 95% CI: 0.21–0.55.Conclusion: In this study, 40% of cancer patients with chemotherapy-associated anemia in Western Denmark received an RBCT, usually in the inpatient setting; of these, most required subsequent transfusions. Younger age increased the likelihood of receiving an RBCT, and earlier stage or breast cancer decreased RBCT likelihood.Keywords: red blood cell transfusions, epidemiology, anemia

Mellissa Yong

2011-03-01

297

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (Richter syndrome) in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL): a cohort study of newly diagnosed patients.  

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Nearly all information about patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) who develop diffuse large B-cell lymphoma [Richter syndrome (RS)] is derived from retrospective case series or patients treated on clinical trials. We used the Mayo Clinic CLL Database to identify patients with newly diagnosed CLL between January 2000 and July 2011. Individuals who developed biopsy-proven RS during follow-up were identified. After a median follow-up of 4 years, 37/1641 (2·3%) CLL patients developed RS. The rate of RS was approximately 0·5%/year. Risk of RS was associated with advanced Rai stage at diagnosis (P < 0·001), high-risk genetic abnormalitites on fluorescence in situ hybridization (P < 0·0001), unmutated IGHV (P = 0·003), and expression of ZAP70 (P = 0·02) and CD38 (P = 0·001). The rate of RS doubled in patients after treatment for CLL (1%/year). Stereotyped B-cell receptors (odds-ratio = 4·2; P = 0·01) but not IGHV4-39 family usage was associated with increased risk of RS. Treatment with combination of purine analogues and alkylating agents increased the risk of RS three-fold (odds-ratio = 3·26, P = 0·0003). Median survival after RS diagnosis was 2·1 years. The RS prognosis score stratified patients into three risk groups with median survivals of 0·5 years, 2·1 years and not reached. Both underlying characteristics of the CLL clone and subsequent CLL therapy influence the risk of RS. Survival after RS remains poor and new therapies are needed. PMID:23841899

Parikh, Sameer A; Rabe, Kari G; Call, Timothy G; Zent, Clive S; Habermann, Thomas M; Ding, Wei; Leis, Jose F; Schwager, Susan M; Hanson, Curtis A; Macon, William R; Kay, Neil E; Slager, Susan L; Shanafelt, Tait D

2013-09-01

298

Effectiveness of metformin and lifestyle interventions as an initial treatment in Japanese patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes: a prospective observational study.  

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Although global guidelines recommend metformin and lifestyle interventions as an initial treatment in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2DM), few reports exist about its effectiveness in Japanese patients. To examine its effectiveness, we performed a prospective observational study within a routine clinical setting. We provided metformin (?1,500 mg/day) and lifestyle interventions to 23 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM (20 men and 3 women, mean age 53 years, mean body mass index [BMI] 25.7 kg/m(2)). After 16 weeks, HbA1c levels significantly decreased from 9.1±2.1% (mean±SD) to 6.6±0.8% (phigh density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and serum vitamin B-12 concentrations also significantly decreased. Adverse events included diarrhea (26.1%) and mild elevation of liver enzymes (8.7%). These results suggest that metformin and lifestyle interventions is effective and safe as an initial treatment in Japanese patients with newly diagnosed T2DM. PMID:22450005

Sumitani, Satoru; Morita, Shinya; Utsu, Yoshihiko; Mukai, Kosuke; Miki, Shunji; Sato, Bunzo; Nakamura, Hideji; Kasayama, Soji

2012-01-01

299

Tobacco use prevalence, knowledge, and attitudes among newly diagnosed tuberculosis patients in Penang State and Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background There is sufficient evidence to conclude that tobacco smoking is strongly linked to tuberculosis (TB and a large proportion of TB patients may be active smokers. In addition, a previous analysis has suggested that a considerable proportion of the global burden of TB may be attributable to smoking. However, there is paucity of information on the prevalence of tobacco smoking among TB patients in Malaysia. Moreover, the tobacco-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of TB patients who are smokers have not been previously explored. This study aimed to document the prevalence of smoking among newly diagnosed TB patients and to learn about the tobacco use knowledge and attitudes of those who are smokers among this population. Methods Data were generated on prevalence rates of smoking among newly diagnosed TB patients in the State of Penang from January 2008 to December 2008. The data were obtained based on a review of routinely collated data from the quarterly report on TB case registration. The study setting comprised of five healthcare facilities (TB clinics located within Penang and Wilayah Persekutuan, Kuala Lumpur health districts in Malaysia, which were involved in a larger project, known as SCIDOTS Project. A 58-item questionnaire was used to assess the tobacco use knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of those TB patients who were smokers. Results Smoking status was determinant in 817 of 943 new cases of TB from January to December 2008. Of this, it was estimated that the prevalence rates of current- and ex-smoking among the TB patients were 40.27% (329/817 and 13.95% (114/817, respectively. The prevalence of ever-smoking among patients with TB was estimated to be 54,220 per 100,000 population. Of 120 eligible participants for the SCIDOTS Project, 88 responded to the survey (73.3% response rate and 80 surveys were analyzed (66.7% usable rate. The mean (± SD total score of tobacco use knowledge items was 4.23 ± 2.66 (maximum possible score=11. More than half of the participants (51.3% were moderately dependent to nicotine. A moderately large proportion of the respondents (41.2% reported that they have ever attempted to quit smoking, while more than half (56.3% have not. Less than half (47.5% of the study participants had knowledge about the body system on which cigarette smoking has the greatest negative effect. The majority wrongly believed that smokeless tobacco can increase athletic performance (60% and that it is a safe and harmless product (46.2%. An overwhelming proportion (>80% of the patients believed that: smoking is a waste of money, tobacco use is very dangerous to health, and that smokers are more likely to die from heart disease when compared with non-smokers. The use of smokeless tobacco was moderately prevalent among the participants with 28.8% reporting ever snuffed, but the use of cigar and pipe was uncommon. Conclusion Smoking prevalence rate is high among patients with TB in Malaysia. These patients generally had deficiencies in knowledge of tobacco use and its health dangers, but had positive attitudes against tobacco use. Efforts should be geared towards reducing tobacco use among this population due to its negative impact on TB treatment outcomes.

Mohamad Noordin Noorliza

2010-01-01

300

Cutting biopsy guided by stereotactic localizing wire:its clinical application in diagnosing nonpalpable breast mass with incredulous malignant calcifications on mammogram  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To discuss the clinical application of cutting biopsy guided by stereotactic localizing wire in diagnosing non-palpable breast mass with incredulous malignant calcifications on mammogram. Methods: Cutting biopsy guided by stereotactic localizing wire was performed in 311 patients with non-palpable breast mass and incredulous malignant calcifications on mammogram. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Corresponding surgery was carried out in each patient after the diagnosis was confirmed. Comparison between biopsy results and postoperative pathologic results was made. The predilection of the breast lesions for age and sites was analyzed. Results: Of the total 311 cases,benign lesions were confirmed in 268 and malignant lesions in 43 by biopsy examination. The operative pathological results were in accordance with the biopsy results. The lesions showed a predilection for patients aged 45-55 and the site of predilection was the lateral-upper quadrant of the breast. Conclusion: With the advantages of accurate localization, simple manipulation and reliable safety, cutting biopsy guided by stereotactic localizing wire is of great value in effectively detecting early-stage breast cancer, especially for patients who has non-palpable breast mass and incredulous malignant calcifications on mammogram. (authors)

2010-10-01

 
 
 
 
301

Ability of 18F-FDG PET/CT to diagnose recurrent colorectal cancer in patients with elevated CEA concentrations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Elevated levels of serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) during follow-up suggest recurrence, which can be visualized by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT. Since the magnitude of CEA elevation reflects cancer volume, the ability of PET/CT to detect recurrence in patients with only mildly elevated CEA might be limited. However, the accuracy of PET/CT in detecting recurrence associated with elevated CEA has not been fully assessed. We retrospectively evaluated the diagnostic performance of 18F-FDG PET/CT postoperatively relative to CEA levels among patients with CRC. We visually assessed 75 PET/CT evaluations of 57 postoperative patients with CEA >5.0 ng/ml. Tumor volumes were also determined using image analysis software. The final diagnosis was confirmed based on histopathological findings, or at least on 6 months of clinical follow-up. Two lung cancers were excluded and we finally analyzed data from 73 of the 75 PET/CT evaluations. Recurrences were diagnosed in 54 (prevalence 74%). The sensitivity and specificity of PET/CT to detect recurrence was 50/54 (93%) and 14/19 (74%), respectively. The positive and negative predictive values were 91 and 78%, respectively, and the positive and negative likelihood ratios were 3.52 and 0.10, respectively. Values for the sensitivity of PET/CT were 88 and 95%, and those for specificity were 78 and 70%, at serum CEA concentrations of 5-10 and >10 ng/ml, respectively. Serum CEA (r=0.500, p18F-FDG PET/CT could accurately detect recurrent CRC irrespective of the elevated CEA concentration. (author)

2010-06-01

302

Outcome of Breast Cancer Patients Treated outside of Clinical Trials  

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Background: Information on outcome of breast cancer patients treated in the community is scarce. Data on outcome of patients treated in real-life clinical practice may provide useful information for performance improvement. Methods: Study population is from a single institution practice at the American University of Beirut Medical Center. Demographics, clinical characteristics and survival data on patients diagnosed 1997-2010 in two IRB-approved studies were entered and analyzed on SPSS program. Survival was estimated using Kaplan Meier Method. Findings: Total was 519 patients. 23.9% had stage I, 39.7% stage II, 30.4% Stage III and 6% stage IV. ER positive in 74.4% of patients. 30.6% of patients <35 had TNBC compared to 12.3% for the whole group. 45.9% of non-metastatic patients had breast-conserving therapy (BCT). BCT rates increased to 64% during the second half of the study, coinciding with increasing awareness and changing cultural mores. 5-year and 10-year overall survivals for stage I were 98.9% and 80.5%, 89.2% and 70.7% for stage II, 67.6% and 35.5% for stage III, and 39.1% and 26.1% for stage IV respectively. Interpretation: Patients treated outside clinical trials in a multidisciplinary fashion according to guidelines have comparable, and at times better, survival compared to data from trials or population statistics. Locally generated outcome data could be valuable for evaluating results of treatment at individual practices for the purpose of quality assessment and improvement. Our data also provides report of increased rate of breast conserving surgery from Middle East.

El Saghir, Nagi S.; Assi, Hussein A.; Jaber, Sara M.; Khoury, Katia E.; Nachef, Zahi; Mikdashi, Hana F.; El-Asmar, Nadine S.; Eid, Toufic A.

2014-01-01

303

Outcome of Breast Cancer Patients Treated outside of Clinical Trials.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Information on outcome of breast cancer patients treated in the community is scarce. Data on outcome of patients treated in real-life clinical practice may provide useful information for performance improvement. Methods: Study population is from a single institution practice at the American University of Beirut Medical Center. Demographics, clinical characteristics and survival data on patients diagnosed 1997-2010 in two IRB-approved studies were entered and analyzed on SPSS program. Survival was estimated using Kaplan Meier Method. Findings: Total was 519 patients. 23.9% had stage I, 39.7% stage II, 30.4% Stage III and 6% stage IV. ER positive in 74.4% of patients. 30.6% of patients <35 had TNBC compared to 12.3% for the whole group. 45.9% of non-metastatic patients had breast-conserving therapy (BCT). BCT rates increased to 64% during the second half of the study, coinciding with increasing awareness and changing cultural mores. 5-year and 10-year overall survivals for stage I were 98.9% and 80.5%, 89.2% and 70.7% for stage II, 67.6% and 35.5% for stage III, and 39.1% and 26.1% for stage IV respectively. Interpretation: Patients treated outside clinical trials in a multidisciplinary fashion according to guidelines have comparable, and at times better, survival compared to data from trials or population statistics. Locally generated outcome data could be valuable for evaluating results of treatment at individual practices for the purpose of quality assessment and improvement. Our data also provides report of increased rate of breast conserving surgery from Middle East. PMID:24959302

El Saghir, Nagi S; Assi, Hussein A; Jaber, Sara M; Khoury, Katia E; Nachef, Zahi; Mikdashi, Hana F; El-Asmar, Nadine S; Eid, Toufic A

2014-01-01

304

Agreement between premortem and postmortem diagnoses in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome observed at a brazilian teaching hospital  

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Full Text Available Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS is one of the main causes of death in adults worldwide. More commonly than in the general population, in patients with AIDS there is substantial disagreement between causes of death which are clinically suspected and those established by postmortem examination. The findings of 52 postmortem examinations were compared to the premortem (clinical diagnoses, and there was 46% agreement between them. Fifty two percent of the patients had more than one postmortem diagnosis, and 48% had at least one AIDS-related disease not suspected clinically. Cytomegalovirus infection was the commonest (30.7% autopsy finding, but not a single case had been suspected premortem. Bacterial infection, tuberculosis, and histoplasmosis were also common, sometimes not previously suspected, postmortem findings. This study shows that multiple infections occur simultaneously in AIDS patients, and that many among them are never suspected before the postmortem examination. These findings suggest that an aggressive investigation of infections and cancers should be done in patients with AIDS, particularly in those who do not respond to therapy of an already recognized conditionConcordância entre diagnósticos clínicos e de necrópsia em pacientes com síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida observados em um hospital universitário brasileiro A síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida (SIDA é uma das principais causas de morte em adultos em todo mundo. Com maior freqüência do que ocorre na população geral, há em pacientes com SIDA uma substancial discordância entre as causas de morte clinicamente suspeitadas e as estabelecidas pelas autópsias. Revisamos os achados de 52 necrópsias de pacientes com SIDA e seus respectivos diagnósticos clínicos, e encontramos 46% de concordância entre eles. Cinquenta e dois por cento dos pacientes tiveram mais de um diagnóstico necroscopicamente definido e 48% tiveram pelo menos uma doença relacionada à SIDA, não suspeitada clinicamente. Infecção pelo citomegalovírus foi o achado necroscópico mais comum (30,7% e em nenhum dos casos o diagnóstico foi suspeitado em vida. Infecção bacteriana, tuberculose, e histoplasmose foram também achados freqüentes de necrópsia, por vezes não suspeitados anteriormente. Este estudo demonstra que múltiplas infecções ocorrem simultaneamente em pacientes com SIDA, sendo que muitas delas sequer são suspeitadas clinicamente. Estes achados sugerem que investigação agressiva de infecções e neoplasias deva ser feita em pacientes com SIDA, particularmente naqueles que não respondem ao tratamento de uma patologia já diagnosticada

Aércio Sebastião BORGES

1997-07-01

305

Heart failure diagnosis in primary health care: clinical characteristics of problematic patients. A clinical judgement analysis study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Early detection of chronic heart failure has become increasingly important since the introduction of effective treatment. However, clinical diagnosis of heart failure is known to be difficult, especially in mild cases or early in the course of the disease. The purpose of this study is to analyse how patient characteristics contribute to difficulties in diagnosing systolic heart failure. Methods Design: A Clinical Judgement Analysis study of 40 case vignettes based on authentic patients, including relevant clinical data except echocardiography. Setting: Primary health care and two cardiology outpatient clinics in Stockholm. Subjects: 70 participants with different types of clinical experience; 27 specialists in general practice, 22 cardiologists, and 21 medical students. Main outcome measures: The assessed probability of heart failure for each case vignette, and the disagreement between the participants. The number of clinical variables (cues indicative of heart failure in the case vignettes. Results The ten case vignettes with the least diverging assessments more often had increased relative cardiac volume and atrial fibrillation. No further specific clinical patterns could be found in subgroups of the case vignettes. The ten case vignettes with the most diverging assessments were those with an intermediate number of clinical variables. The case vignettes with the least diverging assessments more often represented patients with cardiac enlargement and atrial fibrillation. Conclusion Diagnosing mild heart failure is difficult, as these patients are not easy to characterise. In our study, a larger number of positive cues resulted in more diagnostic conformity among the participants, and the most important information was cardiac enlargement. The importance of more objective diagnostic methods in diagnosing suspected cases of heart failure should be emphasised.

Ullman Bengt

2003-09-01

306

Phase 2 study of rituximab plus ABVD in patients with newly diagnosed classical Hodgkin lymphoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of rituximab in combination with standard doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (RABVD) in patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). In this phase 2 study, patients with chemotherapy-naive, advanced-stage cHL were treated with rituximab 375 mg/m(2) weekly for 6 weeks and standard ABVD for 6 cycles. The primary outcome was event-free survival (EFS) at 5 years. Eighty-five patients were enrolled, of whom 78 were eligible. With a median follow-up duration of 68 months (range, 26-110), and based on an intent-to-treat analysis, the 5-year EFS and overall survival rates were 83% and 96%, respectively. The 5-year EFS for patients with stage III/IV cHL was 82%. Furthermore, the 5-year EFS for patients with an International Prognostic Score of 0-2 was 88% and for those with a score of > 2, it was 73%. The most frequent treatment-related grade 3 or 4 adverse events were neutropenia (23%), fatigue (9%), and nausea (8%). Our results demonstrate that the addition of rituximab to ABVD is safe and has a promising clinical activity in patients with advanced-stage cHL. These data are currently being confirmed in a multicenter randomized trial. PMID:22371887

Younes, Anas; Oki, Yasuhiro; McLaughlin, Peter; Copeland, Amanda R; Goy, Andre; Pro, Barbara; Feng, Lei; Yuan, Ying; Chuang, Hubert H; Macapinlac, Homer A; Hagemeister, Fredrick; Romaguera, Jorge; Samaniego, Felipe; Fanale, Michelle A; Dabaja, Bouthaina Shbib; Rodriguez, Maria A; Dang, Nam; Kwak, Larry W; Neelapu, Sattva S; Fayad, Luis E

2012-05-01

307

Outcome of Patients with Clinical Doubt of Incompetence Cervix with Normal Endovaginal Sonography Results  

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Background/Objective: To evaluate patients clinically diagnosed for incompetency of cervix who have normal endovaginal sonography and to determine the possible additional risk if funneling is present."nPatients and Methods: In 200 women with singleton pregnancies who were referred as incompetent cervix patients, measurement of the cervical length by endovaginal sonography was performed. The distance between the internal and external os was measured both as a straight line and also as a c...

Morteza Tahmasebi; Mahan Bahrami; Esmaeel Shokrollahi

2010-01-01

308

Effects of acupuncture versus ultrasound for patients with impingement syndrome : Randomized clinical trial  

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Background and Purpose. There is no definitive evidence for the efficacy of the physical therapy interventions used for patients with impingement syndrome. The purpose of this study was to compare manual acupuncture and continuous ultrasound, both applied in addition to home exercises, for patients diagnosed with impingement syndrome. Subjects and Methods. Eighty-five patients with clinical signs of impingement syndrome were randomly assigned to either a group that received acupuncture (n=44)...

Johansson, Kajsa; Adolfsson, Lars; Foldevi, Mats

2005-01-01

309

MRI in 31 patients with Behçet's disease and neurological involvement: prospective study with clinical correlation.  

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Thirty one patients with Behçet's disease and neurological manifestations were prospectively studied with MRI. Cerebral venous thrombosis was diagnosed in 10 patients. MRI performed during the acute illness in eight patients showed an abnormally high signal on the T2 weighted sequences in the occluded sinus. MRI showed minor flow abnormalities suggestive of partial recanalisation of the sinus in two cases at a later clinical stage. MRI can be an alternative, non-invasive, investigation to in...

Wechsler, B.; Lsola, B.; Vidailhet, M.; Dormont, D.; Piette, J. C.; Ble?try, O.; Godeau, P.

1993-01-01

310

Bronchial Carcinoid Tumors:Clinical and Radiological Findings in 21 Patients  

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Background/Objectives: Bronchial carcinoid tumors are neoplasms that range from typical carcinoids to the more aggressive atypical ones with similar imaging features. Considering the low prevalence of the tumor, we reviewed 21 patients. Patients and Methods: In this retrospective observational study, we reviewed the clinical, pathological and imaging findings in 21 patients diagnosed with bronchial carcinoid tumors who were admitted to National Research Insti tute of Tuberculosis and Lung Dis...

Bakhshayesh Karam, M.; Zahirifard, S.; Tahbaz, M. O.; Kaynama, K.; Tolou Md, F.; Jabari Darjani, H.

2005-01-01

311

Sociodemographic Characteristics, Clinical Signs and Quality of Life in Patients with Fibromyalgia  

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Objective: We aimed to evaluate the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics as well as the quality of life of patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Materials and Methods: A total of 37 female patients diagnosed with FM and 31 healthy females were included into the study. Individuals were asked about their demographic characteristics. The number of sensitive points (NSP), skin fold sensitivity, cutaneous hyperemia and reticular skin changes of patients and healthy controls were evaluated duri...

2012-01-01

312

[Possibilities and limits of mammography with special reference to breast carcinoma--a comparison of clinical, mammography and histologic diagnoses].  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper informs about the diagnostical accuracy of clinical examination and mammography at the women's Hospital of the Städtische Klinikum Zwickau from 1989 to 1992 when pathological changes of breasts are diagnosed. A total of 508 diagnostical biopsies was performed during this study period. The histological examination resulted in 276 benign breast lesions and in 232 breast cancers. In 432 cases there was a lump palpable in the breast that was noticed at first by more than 60% of women themselves. 288 (56.7%) correct and 220 (43.3%) false diagnoses were established following the clinical examination. This resulted in a sensitivity of 100% with a specificity of 20.3% and an overall accuracy of 56.7%. However, with the help of mammography 386 (76.6%) pathological changes of breasts were found to be correct. 118 mammograms proved to be false. Out of these 90 (17.8%) had a false-positive diagnosis and 28 (5.6%) a false-negative one. The overall accuracy of mammography was 76.6% (sensitivity 87.9%, specificity 67%). PMID:9206920

Neumann, P; Romann, D; Camara, O; Riedel, H H

1997-01-01

313

Association between ankle-brachial index and risk factor profile in patients newly diagnosed with intermittent claudication  

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Background The primary objective of the present study was to determine whether there is an association between the ankle-brachial index (ABI) and the risk factor profile in patients with newly diagnosed peripheral arterial disease (PAD). A secondary objective was to identify the risk factor profile of these patients, and evaluate how well these factors are controlled in the primary care setting.Methods and Results In this cross-sectional study, all new consecutive patients referred by primary...

2008-01-01

314

Fat intake in patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes: a 4-year follow-up study in general practice.  

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BACKGROUND: Although treatment targets for the consumption of dietary fat in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are well accepted, little is known about the actual fat consumption by newly diagnosed patients or the dietary adjustments that they make in the following years. AIMS: To measure fat intake in patients with type 2 diabetes in general practice at diagnosis, shortly after dietary consultation, and after 4 years. DESIGN OF STUDY: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: Thirty-three ge...

Laar, Floris A.; Lisdonk, Eloy H.; Lucassen, Peter L. B. J.; Tigchelaar, J. M. H.; Meyboom, Saskia; Mulder, Jan; Den Hoogen, Henk J. M.; Rutten, Guy E. H. M.; Weel, Chris

2004-01-01

315

Auto-antibodies and their association with clinical findings in women diagnosed with microscopic colitis.  

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Microscopic colitis (MC) is a disease manifested by diarrhoea and is divided into collagenous and lymphocytic colitis. The aetiology is unknown, but auto-immunity is suggested. Auto-antibodies have been only rarely examined in this entity. The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of auto-antibodies, and to examine associations between the presence of antibodies and clinical findings.

Roth, Bodil; Gustafsson, Rita; Ohlsson, Bodil

2013-01-01

316

Features of Virchow-Robin spaces in newly diagnosed multiple sclerosis patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Virchow-Robin spaces (VRSs) are perivascular pia-lined extensions of the subarachnoid space around the arteries and veins as they enter the brain parenchyma. These spaces are responsible for inflammatory processes within the brain. Objectives: This study was designed to shed more light on the location, size and shape of VRSs on 3 mm slice thickness, 1.5 Tesla MRI scans of newly diagnosed MS patients in Isfahan, Iran and compare the results with healthy age- and sex-matched controls. Methods: We evaluated MRI scans of 73 MS patients obtained within 3 months of MS onset and compared them with MRI scans from 73 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Three mm section proton density, T2W and FLAIR MR images were obtained for all subjects. The location, size and shape of VRSs were compared between the two groups. Results: The total number of VRSs was significantly more in the MS group (p < 0.001). The distribution of VRSs were significantly more located in the high convexity areas in the MS group (p < 0.001), while there was no significant differences in other regions. The round shaped VRSs were significantly more detected on MRI scans of MS patients, and curvilinear shapes were significantly more frequently observed in healthy volunteers, however there were no significant differences for oval shaped VRSs between the two groups. The number of VRSs with the size over than 2 mm were significantly more observed in the MS groups compared to controls. We also observed some differences in the characteristics of VRSs between the genders in the MS group. Conclusion: The results of this study shed more light on the usefulness of VRSs as an MRI marker for the disease. In addition, according to our results VRSs might also have implication to determine the prognosis of the disease. However, larger studies with more advanced MRI techniques are required to confirm our results.

2011-11-01

317

Epidemiology and Survival Analysis of Jordanian Female Breast Cancer Patients Diagnosed from 1997 to 2002  

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Full Text Available Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among Jordanian women, yet survival data are scarce. This study aims to assess the observed five-year survival rate of breast cancer in Jordan from 1997 to 2002 and to determine factors that may influence survival. Methods: Data were obtained from the Jordan Cancer Registry (JCR, which is a population-based registry. From 1997-2002, 2121 patients diagnosed with breast cancer were registered in JCR. Relevant data were collected from JCR files, hospital medical records and histopathology reports. Patient's status, whether alive or dead, wasascertained from the Department of Civil Status using patients’ national numbers (ID. Statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS (version 10. Survival probabilities by age, morphology, grade, stage and other relevant variables were obtained with the Kaplan Meier method. Results: The overall five-year survival for breast cancer in Jordan, regardless of the stage or grade was 64.2%, meanwhile it was 58% in the group aged less than 30 years. The best survival was in the age group 40-49 years (69.3%. The survival for adenocarcinoma was 57.4% and for medullary carcinoma, it was 82%. The survival rate approximated 73.8% for well-differentiated, 55.6% for anaplastic, and 58% for poorly differentiated cancers. The five-year survival rate was 82.7% for stage I, 72.2% for stage II, 58.7% for stage III, and 34.6% for stage IV cancers.Conclusion: According to univariate analysis, stage, grade, age and laterality of breast cancer significantly influenced cancer survival. Cox regression analysis revealed that stage, grade and age factors correlated with prognosis, while laterality showed no significant effect on survival. Results demonstrated that overall survival was relatively poor. We hypothesized that this was due to low levels of awareness and lack of screening programs.

Ghazi Sharkas

2011-04-01

318

Williams-Beuren syndrome: cardiovascular abnormalities in 20 patients diagnosed with fluorescence in situ hybridization  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cardiovascular findings and clinical follow-up of patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome. METHODS: We studied 20 patients (11 males, mean age at diagnosis: 5.9 years old, assessed for cardiovascular abnormalities with electrocardiography and Doppler echocardiography. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH was used to confirm the diagnosis of the syndrome. RESULTS: Elastin gene locus microdeletion was detected in 17 patients (85% (positive FISH, and in 3 patients deletion was not detected (negative FISH. Sixteen patients with a positive FISH (94% had congenital cardiovascular disease (mean age at diagnosis: 2,3 years old. We observed isolated (2/16 supravalvular aortic stenosis and supravalvular aortic stenosis associated (11/16 with pulmonary artery stenosis (4/11; mitral valve prolapse (3/11; bicuspid aortic valve (3/11; aortic coarctation (2/11, thickened pulmonary valve (2/11; pulmonary valvular stenosis (1/11; supravalvular pulmonary stenosis (1/11; valvular aortic stenosis (1/11; fixed subaortic stenosis (1/11; pulmonary artery stenosis (2/16 associated with pulmonary valvar stenosis (1/2 and with mitral valve prolapse (1/2; and isolated mitral valve prolapse (1/16. Four patients with severe supravalvular aortic stenosis underwent surgery (mean age: 5.7 years old, and 2 patients had normal pressure gradients (mean follow-up: 8.4 years. CONCLUSION: A detailed cardiac evaluation must be performed in all patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome due to the high frequency of cardiovascular abnormalities.

Sugayama Sofia Mizuho Miura

2003-01-01

319

Williams-Beuren syndrome: cardiovascular abnormalities in 20 patients diagnosed with fluorescence in situ hybridization  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cardiovascular findings and clinical follow-up of patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome. METHODS: We studied 20 patients (11 males, mean age at diagnosis: 5.9 years old), assessed for cardiovascular abnormalities with electrocardiography and Doppler echocardiography. Fluo [...] rescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to confirm the diagnosis of the syndrome. RESULTS: Elastin gene locus microdeletion was detected in 17 patients (85%) (positive FISH), and in 3 patients deletion was not detected (negative FISH). Sixteen patients with a positive FISH (94%) had congenital cardiovascular disease (mean age at diagnosis: 2,3 years old). We observed isolated (2/16) supravalvular aortic stenosis and supravalvular aortic stenosis associated (11/16) with pulmonary artery stenosis (4/11); mitral valve prolapse (3/11); bicuspid aortic valve (3/11); aortic coarctation (2/11), thickened pulmonary valve (2/11); pulmonary valvular stenosis (1/11); supravalvular pulmonary stenosis (1/11); valvular aortic stenosis (1/11); fixed subaortic stenosis (1/11); pulmonary artery stenosis (2/16) associated with pulmonary valvar stenosis (1/2) and with mitral valve prolapse (1/2); and isolated mitral valve prolapse (1/16). Four patients with severe supravalvular aortic stenosis underwent surgery (mean age: 5.7 years old), and 2 patients had normal pressure gradients (mean follow-up: 8.4 years). CONCLUSION: A detailed cardiac evaluation must be performed in all patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome due to the high frequency of cardiovascular abnormalities.

Sofia Mizuho Miura, Sugayama; Regina Lúcia, Moisés; Jaqueline, Wagënfur; Nana Miura, Ikari; Kikue Terada, Abe; Cláudio, Leone; Clóvis Artur Almeida da, Silva; Maria de Lourdes Lopes Ferrari, Chauffaille; Ae Kim, Chong.

320

CLINICAL ACTIVITY OF SEQUENTIAL FLAVOPIRIDOL, CYTOSINE ARABINOSIDE, AND MITOXANTRONE FOR ADULTS WITH NEWLY DIAGNOSED, POOR RISK ACUTE MYELOGENOUS LEUKEMIA  

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Flavopiridol, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, is cytotoxic to leukemic blasts. In a Phase II study, flavopiridol 50 mg/m2 was given by 1-hour infusion daily × 3 beginning Day 1 followed by 2 gm/m2/72 hr ara-C beginning Day 6 and 40 mg/m2 mitoxantrone on Day 9 (FLAM) to 45 adults with newly diagnosed acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) with multiple poor risk features. Thirty patients (67%) achieved complete remission (CR) and 4 (9%) died. Twelve (40%) received myeloablative allogeneic bone...

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Intelligent Virtual Patients for Training Clinical Skills  

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The article presents the design process of intelligent virtual human patients that are used for the enhancement of clinical skills. The description covers the development from conceptualization and character creation to technical components and the application in clinical research and training. The aim is to create believable social interactions with virtual agents that help the clinician to develop skills in symptom and ability assessment, diagnosis, interview techniq...

Rizzo, Albert; Kenny, Patrick; Parsons, Thomas D.

2009-01-01

322

Malnutrition and clinical outcome in urological patients  

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Abstract Introduction In a previous study we evaluated the risk for malnutrition among urological patients in a German university hospital. There are published different studies in other surgical fields that could show a correlation between malnutrition and clinical outcome. As data on this issue is still rare in the urological field we aimed to correlate the risk of malnutrition with different parameters regarding clinical outcome. Methods In the time from 2007...

Karl A; Staehler M; Bauer R; Tritschler S; Hocaoglu Y; Buchner A; Hoffmann J; Kuppinger D; Stief C; Rittler P

2011-01-01

323

Approach to diagnosing celiac disease in patients with low bone mineral density or fragility fractures  

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Abstract Objective To provide clinicians with an update on the diagnosis of celiac disease (CD) and to make recommendations on the indications to screen for CD in patients presenting with low bone mineral density (BMD) or fragility fractures. Quality of evidence A multidisciplinary task force developed clinically relevant questions related to the diagnosis of CD as the basis for a literature search of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL databases (January 2000 to January 2009) using the key words celiac disease, osteoporosis, osteopenia, low bone mass, and fracture. The existing literature consists of level I and II studies. Main message The estimated prevalence of asymptomatic CD is 2% to 3% in individuals with low BMD. Routine screening for CD is not justified in patients with low BMD. However, targeted screening for CD is recommended for patients who have T-scores of ?1.0 or less at the spine or hip, or a history of fragility fractures in association with any CD-related symptoms or conditions; family history of CD; or low urinary calcium levels, vitamin D insufficiency, and raised parathyroid hormone levels despite adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D. Celiac disease testing should be performed while the subject is consuming a gluten-containing diet; initial screening should be performed with human recombinant immunoglobulin (Ig) A tissue transglutaminase or other IgA tissue transglutaminase assays, in association with IgA endomysial antibody immunofluorescence. Duodenal biopsy is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of CD. Human leukocyte antigen typing might assist in confirming or ruling out the diagnosis of CD in cases where serology and histology are discordant. Definitive diagnosis is based on clinical, serologic, and histologic features, combined with a positive response to a gluten-free diet. Conclusion Current evidence does not support routine screening for CD in all patients with low BMD. A targeted case-finding approach is appropriate for patients who are at higher risk of CD.

Rios, Lorena P.; Khan, Aliya; Sultan, Muhammad; McAssey, Karen; Fouda, Mona A.; Armstrong, David

2013-01-01

324

Children diagnosed with congenital cardiac malformations at the national university departments of pediatric cardiology: positive predictive values of data in the Danish National Patient Registry  

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Full Text Available Peter Agergaard1, Anders Hebert2, Jesper Bjerre3, Karina Meden Sørensen4, Charlotte Olesen3, John Rosendal Østergaard31Department of Pediatrics, Viborg Hospital, Viborg, Denmark; 2Department of Pediatrics, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark; 3Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark; 4Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Immunology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, DenmarkIntroduction: The present study was conducted to establish the positive predictive value of congenital cardiac malformation diagnoses registered in the Danish National Patient Registry (NPR, thereby exploring whether the NPR can serve as a valid tool for epidemiologic studies of congenital cardiac malformations.Materials and methods: The study population comprised every individual born from 2000 to 2008 who was registered in the NPR with a congenital cardiac malformation diagnosis and treated at one of the two national departments of pediatric cardiology. Positive predictive values were established comparing NPR information with the clinical record of each individual.Results: A total of 2952 patients with a total of 3536 diagnoses were eligible for validation. Review of their clinical records unveiled no patient without cardiac malformation. In 98% (98%–99% of the cases, the NPR diagnosis could be found as the discharge diagnosis in the patient's clinical record, and in 90% (89%–91% of the cases the NPR diagnosis was considered a true reflection of the patient's actual malformation.Conclusions: Our study verifies that the present study population retrieved from the NPR is a valid tool for epidemiological research within the topic of congenital cardiac malformations, given that the research question is not dependent on a fully established sensitivity of the NPR. Precautions should be made regarding cardiac malformations characterized by low prevalence or poor predictive values, and the reported validity should not be extrapolated beyond the study period.Keywords: congenital cardiac malformation, registry, validation

Peter Agergaard

2011-02-01

325

Economic and Practical Factors in Diagnosing HNPCC Using Clinical Criteria, Immunohistochemistry and Microsatellite Instability Analysis  

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Abstract Aim To determine a cost-efficient strategy for HNPCC molecular diagnostic testing. Methods 138 families referred to a Regional Genetics Service had hMLH1 and hMSH2 mutation analysis. The sensitivity and specificity of clinical selection criteria with or without immunohistochemistry (IHC) and microsatellite instability (MSI) analysis to further refine case selection and the effect of these approaches on the cost of mutation analysis were examined.

Pigatto Francesca; Bateman Adrian; Bunyan David; Strike Paul; Wilkins Esta; Curtis Claire; Duncan Philippa; May Denzil; Nugent Karen; Eccles Diana

2004-01-01

326

Soluble CD163 as a Marker of Macrophage Activity in Newly Diagnosed Patients with Multiple Sclerosis  

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Background Soluble CD163 (sCD163) is a macrophage specific protein known to be up-regulated in serum from patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Objective To investigate sCD163 in serum and CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) from patients undergoing MS diagnostic work-up and analyse its potential as a diagnostic biomarker. Methods After a full MS diagnostic work-up, including collection of paired samples of CSF and serum, 183 patients were evaluated for inclusion in this study. Patients were divided into groups based on their diagnosis. Patients with normal clinical and paraclinical findings were grouped as symptomatic controls. Serum and CSF levels of sCD163 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results sCD163 could be measured in all serum and CSF samples. A high sCD163 CSF/serum ratio in relation to molecular weight was found, strongly indicating local production in the CNS. Median levels of sCD163 were significantly decreased in serum and significantly elevated in CSF in patients with relapsing-remitting, and primary- progressive MS. There were, however, some overlaps of the measures between groups. In a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis sCD163 CSF/serum ratio had an area under the curve of 0.72. Conclusion The sCD163 CSF/serum ratio was significantly increased in patients with MS and may reflect macrophage activation in MS lesions. These results suggest that primary progressive MS also is driven by inflammation in which the innate immune system plays a pivotal role.

Stilund, Morten; Reuschlein, Ann-Kathrin; Christensen, Tove; M?ller, Holger Jon; Rasmussen, Peter Vestergaard; Petersen, Thor

2014-01-01

327

Validity of the diagnoses atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter in a Danish patient registry  

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Abstract Objectives: To assess the validity of the diagnoses of atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) for men and women recorded in the Danish National Patient Registry, and to assess the relative distribution of AF and AFL. Design: Review of medical records for incident cases of AF and/or AFL in the Diet, Cancer and Health cohort study. Participants were enrolled in 1993-97 with 13.6 years of follow-up until 30 December 2009. Results: The positive predictive value of the combined diagnosis of AF and/or AFL was 92.6% (95% CI 88.8%; 95.2%) with no significant difference between sexes (men 93.7% (133/142), women 90.8% (129/142)). The proportion of AFL either alone or in combination with AF was significantly higher in men than in women (13.5% (18/133) vs. 5.4% (7/129), p=0.03). The positive predictive value of the specified diagnosis of AFL was 57.5% for men (46/80) and 29.6% for women (8/27). Conclusions: This study shows that the validity of the diagnosis of AF and/or AFL is high and may be used for registry-based studies. A specified diagnosis of AFL was rarely used and was not reliable to distinguish between cases of AF and AFL.

Rix, Thomas Andersen; Riahi, Sam

2012-01-01

328

Validity of the diagnoses atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter in the Danish national patient registry  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract Objectives: To assess the validity of the diagnoses of atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) for men and women recorded in the Danish National Patient Registry, and to assess the relative distribution of AF and AFL. Design: Review of medical records for incident cases of AF and/or AFL in the Diet, Cancer and Health cohort study. Participants were enrolled in 1993-97 with 13.6 years of follow-up until 30 December 2009. Results: The positive predictive value of the combined diagnosis of AF and/or AFL was 92.6% (95% CI 88.8%; 95.2%) with no significant difference between sexes (men 93.7% (133/142), women 90.8% (129/142)). The proportion of AFL either alone or in combination with AF was significantly higher in men than in women (13.5% (18/133) vs. 5.4% (7/129), p=0.03). The positive predictive value of the specified diagnosis of AFL was 57.5% for men (46/80) and 29.6% for women (8/27). Conclusions: This study shows that the validity of the diagnosis of AF and/or AFL is high and may be used for registry-based studies. A specified diagnosis of AFL was rarely used and was not reliable to distinguish between cases of AF and AFL.

Rix, Thomas Andersen; Riahi, Sam

329

Seasonal distribution and evolving forms of multiple sclerosis patients diagnosed from April 2004 to November 2007 Distribución estacional y formas evolutivas de esclerosis múltiple en pacientes diagnosticados entre Abril del 2004 y Noviembre del 2007  

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BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) was first reported in Cuba in 1965. The most frequent appearance is observed in the first six months of the year. OBJECTIVE: To determine the seasonal distribution and evolving forms of MS patients diagnosed with the disease between April 2004 and November 2007. METHOD: Twenty-one patients with suspected MS and 42 outbreaks were studied. Patients were classified according to Lublin and Revingold's criteria for clinical forms and according to McDonald. RESUL...

Hermes Fundora-Hernández; Dorta-contreras, Alberto J.; Maray Socias-López; Silvana Fraga-Santana; Silvia Nicté Villatoro-Rodríguez; Bárbara Padilla-Docal; Elena Noris-García; Raisa Bu-Coifiu-Fanego; Marlén González-Hernández

2009-01-01

330

Pathogen-specific local immune fingerprints diagnose bacterial infection in peritoneal dialysis patients.  

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Accurate and timely diagnosis of bacterial infection is crucial for effective and targeted treatment, yet routine microbiological identification is inefficient and often delayed to an extent that makes it clinically unhelpful. The immune system is capable of a rapid, sensitive and specific detection of a broad spectrum of microbes, which has been optimized over millions of years of evolution. A patient's early immune response is therefore likely to provide far better insight into the true nature and severity of microbial infections than conventional tests. To assess the diagnostic potential of pathogen-specific immune responses, we characterized the local responses of 52 adult patients during episodes of acute peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis by multicolor flow cytometry and multiplex ELISA, and defined the immunologic signatures in relation to standard microbiological culture results and to clinical outcomes. We provide evidence that unique local "immune fingerprints" characteristic of individual organisms are evident in PD patients on the day of presentation with acute peritonitis and discriminate between culture-negative, Gram-positive, and Gram-negative episodes of infection. Those humoral and cellular parameters with the most promise for defining disease-specific immune fingerprints include the local levels of IL-1?, IL-10, IL-22, TNF-?, and CXCL10, as well as the frequency of local ?? T cells and the relative proportion of neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages among total peritoneal cells. Our data provide proof of concept for the feasibility of using immune fingerprints to inform the design of point-of-care tests that will allow rapid and accurate infection identification and facilitate targeted antibiotic prescription and improved patient management. PMID:24179164

Lin, Chan-Yu; Roberts, Gareth W; Kift-Morgan, Ann; Donovan, Kieron L; Topley, Nicholas; Eberl, Matthias

2013-12-01

331

IgG Antibodies in Patients with Pemphigus Vulgaris before and after Diagnosing with Immunofluorescence  

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Full Text Available Pemphigus is defined as a group of chronic self-immune vesicular diseases histologically recognized by inter-epidermic vesicles resulting from acantholysis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the precipitant and circulative IgG antibodies in patients with pemphigus vulgaris before and after treating with immunofluorescence. Sixty-two patients (34 females and 28 males with clinically and pathologically confirmed P.V. were studied prospectively over a one year period of time during which direct and indirect immunofluorescent tests were performed before and after treatment. They had mild or moderate forms of disease. All patients received prednisolon 1-2 mg/kg/day and Azathioprine 2-3 mg/kg/day or methylpredisolon (1 g day-1 for 4 days and cyclophosphamide (500 mg/first day pulse therapy due to general condition. Thirty- four females and 28 males enrolled, the mean age were 39.5 years (SD = 12.7. Before treatment, 10 and 52 cases were positive for skin depositing +or++ and circulatory IgG (1/20 -1/60, respectively. Two to 3 month later, 37 were IgG positive with titers 1/20 to 1/160. The correlation between circulatory IgG before and after treatment was weakly positive (p = 0.05, r = 0.415. In the present study, treatment methods used for patients suffering from pemphigus vulgaris were not successful in significantly decreasing the circulative autoantibodies levels.

Rasul Estakhri

2013-01-01

332

IgG antibodies in patients with pemphigus vulgaris before and after diagnosing with immunofluorescence.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pemphigus is defined as a group of chronic self-immune vesicular diseases histologically recognized by inter-epidermic vesicles resulting from acantholysis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the precipitant and circulative IgG antibodies in patients with pemphigus vulgaris before and after treating with immunofluorescence. Sixty-two patients (34 females and 28 males) with clinically and pathologically confirmed P.V. were studied prospectively over a one year period of time during which direct and indirect immunofluorescent tests were performed before and after treatment. They had mild or moderate forms of disease. All patients received prednisolon 1-2 mg/kg/day and Azathioprine 2-3 mg/kg/day or methylpredisolon (1 g day(-1) for 4 days) and cyclophosphamide (500 mg/first day) pulse therapy due to general condition. Thirty- four females and 28 males enrolled, the mean age were 39.5 years (SD = 12.7). Before treatment, 10 and 52 cases were positive for skin depositing + or ++) and circulatory IgG (1/20 -1/60), respectively. Two to 3 month later, 37 were IgG positive with titers 1/20 to 1/160. The correlation between circulatory IgG before and after treatment was weakly positive (p = 0.05, r = 0.415). In the present study, treatment methods used for patients suffering from pemphigus vulgaris were not successful in significantly decreasing the circulative autoantibodies levels. PMID:24494530

Azimi, Hamideh; Majidi, Jafar; Estakhri, Rasul; Goldust, Mohamad

2013-06-15

333

Economic and Practical Factors in Diagnosing HNPCC Using Clinical Criteria, Immunohistochemistry and Microsatellite Instability Analysis  

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Full Text Available Abstract Aim To determine a cost-efficient strategy for HNPCC molecular diagnostic testing. Methods 138 families referred to a Regional Genetics Service had hMLH1 and hMSH2 mutation analysis. The sensitivity and specificity of clinical selection criteria with or without immunohistochemistry (IHC and microsatellite instability (MSI analysis to further refine case selection and the effect of these approaches on the cost of mutation analysis were examined. Results Clearly deleterious mutations were identified in 49/138 (35.5% of all families tested. The most sensitive criteria for identifying families with MMR mutations were the full Bethesda guidelines but these have poor specificity. IHC and MSI were useful pre-screening tools. Conclusion A cost-efficient approach in laboratories where IHC and/or MSI analysis are available, is to use inclusive (non-specific criteria to select cases, followed by IHC and then MSI. Where one or both results are abnormal, proceed to further mutation analysis. Where MSI or IHC or tumour blocks are not available, more restrictive clinical criteria may be more appropriate for cost-efficient case selection.

Pigatto Francesca

2004-11-01

334

[Clinical study of 62 patients with symptoms of male climacterium].  

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We prospectively reviewed the records of 62 patients who had sought evaluation at our hospital with a chief complaint of male climacteric symptoms. Late-onset hypogonadism (LOH)-related symptoms were evaluated during the initial visit based on the Aging Males' Symptoms (AMS) score, International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) -5 score, and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Laboratory and endocrinologic testing, including the free testosterone (FT) level, was performed with blood samples collected before 10 : 00 am. The AMS psychological and CES-D scores in patients with a FT ?8.5 pg/ml were significantly higher than those in patients with a FT ?8.5 pg/ml. The study included 32 patients who were diagnosed with LOH (FT ?8.5 pg/ml) and treated with androgen replacement therapy (ART). The total, somatic, psychological, and sexual scores of the AMS were significantly decreased after the third intramuscular administration of testosterone enanthate; there were no serious complications. Because a significant proportion of depressed patients may be amongst the patients with aging male's symptoms, it is important to consider depression in the exclusion diagnosis during a clinical examination for LOH. PMID:23995524

Hori, Yasuhide; Nishii, Masahiko; Masui, Satoru; Yoshio, Yuko; Hasegawa, Yoshihiro; Kanda, Hideki; Yamada, Yasushi; Arima, Kiminobu; Sugimura, Yoshiki

2013-08-01

335

The utility of clinical decision tools for diagnosing osteoporosis in postmenopausal women with rheumatoid arthritis  

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Abstract Background Patients with rheumatoid arthritis have a higher risk of low bone mineral density than normal age matched populations. There is limited evidence to support cost effectiveness of population screening in rheumatoid arthritis and case finding strategies have been proposed as a means to increase cost effectiveness of diagnostic screening for osteoporosis. This study aimed to assess the performance attributes of generic and rheumatoid arthritis specific clinica...

Brand Caroline; Lowe Adrian; Hall Stephen

2008-01-01

336

Usual Interstitial Pneumonia Preceding Collagen Vascular Disease: A Retrospective Case Control Study of Patients Initially Diagnosed with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis  

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Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the cumulative incidence and the predictive factors for collagen vascular disease (CVD) in patients initially diagnosed with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and to examine the features of patients who then developed CVD. Methods This was a retrospective review of 111 consecutive patients with IPF diagnosed at our institution. None of the patients fulfilled any of the CVD criteria from the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) within 6 months or more after the diagnosis of IPF. Results Ten patients (9.0%) developed CVD during the follow-up period: four had rheumatoid arthritis (RA); four had microscopic polyangiitis (MPA); one had systemic sclerosis (SSc); and one had SSc and Sjogren’s syndrome (SjS). The mean time until CVD diagnosis was 3.9 years. The cumulative incidences of CVD at 1, 5, and 10 years were 0.91%, 9.85%, and 15.5%, respectively. Patients who developed CVD were significantly younger, more likely to be women and had a better prognosis than those with IPF. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that female sex and the presence of lymphoid aggregates with germinal centers were significantly associated with the occurrence of CVD in patients initially diagnosed with IPF. Conclusions CVD is an important underlying condition in IPF, and shows better prognosis. The possibility of the development of CVD should remain a consideration in the follow-up of IPF.

Kono, Masato; Nakamura, Yutaro; Enomoto, Noriyuki; Hashimoto, Dai; Fujisawa, Tomoyuki; Inui, Naoki; Maekawa, Masato; Suda, Takafumi; Colby, Thomas V.; Chida, Kingo

2014-01-01

337

Clinical service desires of medical cannabis patients  

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Abstract Background Medical cannabis dispensaries following the social or hybrid model offer supplementary holistic services in addition to dispensing medical cannabis. Historically, alternative physical health services have been the norm for these dispensaries, including services such as yoga, acupuncture, or chiropractor visits. A clinical service dearth remains for medical cannabis patients seeking substance use, misuse, dependence, and mental health services. This study e...

Janichek Jennifer L; Reiman Amanda

2012-01-01

338

Integrating patient safety into the clinical microsystem  

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Healthcare institutions continue to face challenges in providing safe patient care in increasingly complex organisational and regulatory environments while striving to maintain financial viability. The clinical microsystem provides a conceptual and practical framework for approaching organisational learning and delivery of care. Tensions exist between the conceptual theory and the daily practical applications of providing safe and effective care within healthcare systems. Healthcare organisat...

Mohr, J.; Batalden, P.; Barach, P.

2004-01-01

339

Differential Diagnoses of Overgrowth Syndromes: The Most Important Clinical and Radiological Disease Manifestations  

Science.gov (United States)

Overgrowth syndromes comprise a heterogeneous group of diseases that are characterized by excessive tissue development. Some of these syndromes may be associated with dysfunction in the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK)/PI3K/AKT pathway, which results in an increased expression of the insulin receptor. In the current review, four overgrowth syndromes were characterized (Proteus syndrome, Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome, Madelung's disease, and neurofibromatosis type I) and illustrated using cases from our institution. Because these syndromes have overlapping clinical manifestations and have no established genetic tests for their diagnosis, radiological methods are important contributors to the diagnosis of many of these syndromes. The correlation of genetic discoveries and molecular pathways that may contribute to the phenotypic expression is also of interest, as this may lead to potential therapeutic interventions.

Lacerda, Leticia da Silva; Alves, Ursula David; Zanier, Jose Fernando Cardona; Machado, Dequitier Carvalho; Camilo, Gustavo Bittencourt; Lopes, Agnaldo Jose

2014-01-01

340

Clinical Management of Filovirus-Infected Patients  

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Full Text Available Filovirus infection presents many unique challenges to patient management. Currently no approved treatments are available, and the recommendations for supportive care are not evidence based. The austere clinical settings in which patients often present and the sporadic and at times explosive nature of filovirus outbreaks have effectively limited the information available to evaluate potential management strategies. This review will summarize the management approaches used in filovirus outbreaks and provide recommendations for collecting the information necessary for evaluating and potentially improving patient outcomes in the future.

Danielle V. Clark

2012-09-01