WorldWideScience
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Diagnoses of anxiety and depression in clinical-scenario patients  

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Abstract Objective To investigate family physicians’ differential diagnoses of clinical-scenario patients presenting with symptoms of either generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) or a major depressive episode (MDE). Design Cross-sectional survey. Setting Saskatchewan. Participants A total of 331 family physicians practising in Saskatchewan as of December 2007. Main outcome measures Type and number of physicians’ differential diagnoses for a GAD-scenario patient and an MDE-scenario patient. Results The survey response rate was 49.7% (331 of 666 surveys returned). Most physicians suggested a diagnosis of anxiety (82.5%) for the GAD-scenario patient and a diagnosis of depression (84.2%) for the MDE-scenario patient. In descending order, the 5 most frequent differential diagnoses for the GAD-scenario patient were anxiety, hyperthyroidism, depression, panic disorder or attack, and bipolar disorder. The 5 most frequent differential diagnoses for the MDE-scenario patient were depression, anxiety, hypothyroidism, irritable bowel syndrome, and anemia. Neither a diagnosis of anxiety nor a diagnosis of depression was associated with physicians’ personal attributes (sex, age, and years in practice) or organizational setting (number of total patient visits per week, private office or clinic, solo practice, Internet access, and rural practice setting). However, physicians in solo practice suggested fewer differential diagnoses for the GAD-scenario patient than those in group practice; physicians in practice 30 years or longer suggested fewer differential diagnoses for the MDE-scenario patient than those in practice fewer than 10 years. On average, physicians suggested 3 differential diagnoses for each of the scenarios. Conclusion Most family physicians recognize depression and anxiety in patients presenting with symptoms of these disorders and consider an average of 3 differential diagnoses in each of these cases. PMID:22423028

Kosteniuk, Julie; Morgan, Debra; D’Arcy, Carl

2012-01-01

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New clinical score to diagnose nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in obese patients  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD is the most frequent disease associated with abnormal liver tests that is characterized by a wide spectrum of liver damage, ranging from simple macro vesicular steatosis to steatohepatitis (NASH, cirrhosis or liver carcinoma. Liver biopsy is the most precise test to differentiate NASH from other stages of NAFLD, but it is an invasive and expensive method. This study aimed to create a clinical laboratory score capable of identify individual with NASH in severely obese patients submitted to bariatric surgery. Methods The medical records from 66 patients submitted to gastroplasty were reviewed. Their chemistry profile, abdominal ultrasound (US and liver biopsy done during the surgical procedure were analyzed. Patients were classified into 2 groups according to liver biopsy: Non-NASH group - those patients without NAFLD or with grade I, II or III steatosis; and NASH group - those with steatohepatitis or fibrosis. The t-test was used to compare each variable with normal distribution between NASH and Non-NASH groups. When comparing proportions of categorical variables, we used chi-square or z-test, where appropriate. A p-value Results 83% of patients with obesity grades II or III showed NAFLD, and the majority was asymptomatic. Total Cholesterol (TC?200 mg/dL, alanine aminotransferase (ALT ?30, AST/ALT ratio (AAR? 1, gammaglutaril-transferase (?GT?30 U/L and abdominal US, compatible with steatosis, showed association with NASH group. We proposed 2 scores: Complete score (TC, ALT, AAR, ?GT and US and the simplified score, where US was not included. The combination of biochemical and imaging results improved accuracy to 84.4% the recognition of NASH (sensitivity 70%, specificity 88.6%, NPV 91.2%, PPV 63. 6%. Conclusion Alterations in TC, ALT, AAR, ?GT and US are related to the most risk for NASH. The combination of biochemical and imaging results improved accuracy to 84.4% the recognition of NASH. Additionally, negative final scores exclude the presence of an advanced illness. Using this score, the severity of fatty liver infiltration would be predicted without the risks associated with hepatic biopsy.

Pulzi Fernanda BU

2011-02-01

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Diagnoses of patients referring to a child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic  

OpenAIRE

Objective: The aim of the present study is to identify the diagnoses of patients who referred to a child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic. Method: Medical records of 538 patients referred to the Children and Adolescent Psychiatry outpatient clinic at Gulhane Military Medical School, between January 2009 and June 2009 were studied retrospectively. Results: It was found that the patients were mostly male and within 7 to 18 years of age. It was also determined that three quarters of p...

Koray Karabekiro?lu; Özhan Yalç?n; Ali Evren Tufan; Türker Türker; Koray Kara; Dursun Karaman; ?brahim Durukan

2011-01-01

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New clinical score to diagnose nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in obese patients  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most frequent disease associated with abnormal liver tests that is characterized by a wide spectrum of liver damage, ranging from simple macro vesicular steatosis to steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis or liver carcinoma. Liver biopsy is the most precise test to differentiate NASH from other stages of NAFLD, but it is an invasive and expensive method. This study aimed to create a clinical laboratory score capab...

Bu, Pulzi Fernanda; Cisternas Raul; Melo Murilo R; Mf, Ribeiro Cristiane; Malheiros Carlos A; Salles João E

2011-01-01

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Diagnoses of patients referring to a child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of the present study is to identify the diagnoses of patients who referred to a child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic. Method: Medical records of 538 patients referred to the Children and Adolescent Psychiatry outpatient clinic at Gulhane Military Medical School, between January 2009 and June 2009 were studied retrospectively. Results: It was found that the patients were mostly male and within 7 to 18 years of age. It was also determined that three quarters of patients had at least one diagnosis and the diagnosis rate in children between the ages of 0-6 was 50 percent. Comorbid diagnoses were found in 13.7 percent of all cases and they were mainly in the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD group. The most common diagnoses were ADHD, generalized anxiety disorder, mental retardation, depression and enuresis, respectively. The most common diagnosis in all age subgroups was ADHD. While the most common diagnoses in boys are ADHD, mental retardation, generalized anxiety disorder, enuresis and depression respectively, they were ADHD, generalized anxiety disorder, depression, mental retardation and enuresis in girls. Conclusion: To know the most common diagnoses, diagnosis differences within genders and possible diagnoses for certain age groups will be useful for improving child and adolescent psychiatry services.

Koray Karabekiro?lu

2011-01-01

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Economic evaluation of a clinical protocol for diagnosing emergency patients with suspected pulmonary embolism  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of this paper is to estimate the amount of cost-savings to the Australian health care system from implementing an evidence-based clinical protocol for diagnosing emergency patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE at the Emergency department of a Victorian public hospital with 50,000 presentations in 2001–2002. Methods A cost-minimisation study used the data collected in a controlled clinical trial of a clinical protocol for diagnosing patients with suspected PE. Thenumber and type of diagnostic tests in a historic cohort of 185 randomly selected patients, who presented to the emergency department with suspectedPE during an eight month period prior to the clinical trial (January 2002 -August 2002 were compared with the number and type of diagnostic tests in745 patients, who presented to the emergency department with suspected PE from November 2002 to August 2003. Current Medicare fees per test were usedas unit costs to calculate the mean aggregated cost of diagnostic investigation per patient in both study groups. A t-test was used to estimate the statistical significance of the difference in the cost of resources used for diagnosing PE in the control and in the intervention group. Results The trial demonstrated that diagnosing PE using an evidence-based clinical protocol was as effective as the existing clinical practice. The clinical protocol offers the advantage of reducing the use of diagnostic imaging, resulting in an average cost savings of at least $59.30 per patient. Conclusion Extrapolating the observed cost-savings of $59.30 per patient to the wholeof Australia could potentially result in annual savings between $3.1 million to $3.7 million.

Wolfe Rory

2006-06-01

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A nomogram to predict Gleason sum upgrading of clinically diagnosed localized prostate cancer among Chinese patients  

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Full Text Available Although several models have been developed to predict the probability of Gleason sum upgrading between biopsy and radical prostatectomy specimens, most of these models are restricted to prostate-specific antigen screening-detected prostate cancer. This study aimed to build a nomogram for the prediction of Gleason sum upgrading in clinically diagnosed prostate cancer. The study cohort comprised 269 Chinese prostate cancer patients who underwent prostate biopsy with a minimum of 10 cores and were subsequently treated with radical prostatectomy. Of all included patients, 220 (81.8% were referred with clinical symptoms. The prostate-specific antigen level, primary and secondary biopsy Gleason scores, and clinical T category were used in a multivariate logistic regression model to predict the probability of Gleason sum upgrading. The developed nomogram was validated internally. Gleason sum upgrading was observed in 90 (33.5% patients. Our nomogram showed a bootstrap-corrected concordance index of 0.789 and good calibration using 4 readily available variables. The nomogram also demonstrated satisfactory statistical performance for predicting significant upgrading. External validation of the nomogram published by Chun et al. in our cohort showed a marked discordance between the observed and predicted probabilities of Gleason sum upgrading. In summary, a new nomogram to predict Gleason sum upgrading in clinically diagnosed prostate cancer was developed, and it demonstrated good statistical performance upon internal validation.

Jin-You Wang

2014-05-01

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STAT3 Tyr705 phosphorylation affects clinical outcome in patients with newly diagnosed supratentorial glioblastoma.  

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STAT3 tyrosine705 phosphorylation (p-STAT3, Tyr705), a molecular hub for several signal transduction pathways of glioma, plays a central role in glioblastoma (GBM) carcinogenesis and progression. However, it is still controversial whether p-STAT3 expression is associated with the clinical outcome of patients with glioblastoma. Such evidence would contribute to further illustrate whether STAT3 inhibition is suitable for clinical treatment. Here, we examined the expression of p-STAT3 in the tumor tissues from 90 patients with newly diagnosed supratentorial GBM via immunohistochemical technique and evaluated the influences of its expression on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) using the Kaplan-Meier curve and COX proportional hazards regression model. Immunohistochemical assay indicated increased expression of p-STAT3 in GBM tissue compared to adjacent normal brain tissue without p-STAT3 expression. There were no observed associations between p-STAT3 expression and patients' gender (P = 0.660), age (P = 0.867) or preoperative Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) (P = 0.121). Univariate survival analysis revealed significant correlations of high p-STAT3 expression with shorter PFS (P = 0.012) and OS (P = 0.009). Multivariate survival analysis confirmed high p-STAT3 expression as a significant prognostic indicator for shorter PFS (HR 2.158, P = 0.019) and OS (HR 2.120, P = 0.031), independent of age, KPS and chemoradiotherapy. In summary, the high percentage of p-STAT3 positive tumor cells is a significant independent prognostic indicator for poor clinical outcome in patients with GBM, in addition to advanced age, poor performance status and nonstandard chemoradiotherapy, suggesting that STAT3 might be as a promising therapeutic target in GBM. PMID:24652192

Lin, Guo-Shi; Yang, Li-Juan; Wang, Xing-Fu; Chen, Yu-Peng; Tang, Wen-Long; Chen, Long; Lin, Zhi-Xiong

2014-04-01

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Agreement between diagnoses reached by clinical examination and available reference standards: a prospective study of 216 patients with lumbopelvic pain  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The tissue origin of low back pain (LBP or referred lower extremity symptoms (LES may be identified in about 70% of cases using advanced imaging, discography and facet or sacroiliac joint blocks. These techniques are invasive and availability varies. A clinical examination is non-invasive and widely available but its validity is questioned. Diagnostic studies usually examine single tests in relation to single reference standards, yet in clinical practice, clinicians use multiple tests and select from a range of possible diagnoses. There is a need for studies that evaluate the diagnostic performance of clinical diagnoses against available reference standards. Methods We compared blinded clinical diagnoses with diagnoses based on available reference standards for known causes of LBP or LES such as discography, facet, sacroiliac or hip joint blocks, epidurals injections, advanced imaging studies or any combination of these tests. A prospective, blinded validity design was employed. Physiotherapists examined consecutive patients with chronic lumbopelvic pain and/or referred LES scheduled to receive the reference standard examinations. When diagnoses were in complete agreement regardless of complexity, "exact" agreement was recorded. When the clinical diagnosis was included within the reference standard diagnoses, "clinical agreement" was recorded. The proportional chance criterion (PCC statistic was used to estimate agreement on multiple diagnostic possibilities because it accounts for the prevalence of individual categories in the sample. The kappa statistic was used to estimate agreement on six pathoanatomic diagnoses. Results In a sample of chronic LBP patients (n = 216 with high levels of disability and distress, 67% received a patho-anatomic diagnosis based on available reference standards, and 10% had more than one tissue origin of pain identified. For 27 diagnostic categories and combinations, chance clinical agreement (PCC was estimated at 13%. "Exact" agreement between clinical and reference standard diagnoses was 32% and "clinical agreement" 51%. For six pathoanatomic categories (disc, facet joint, sacroiliac joint, hip joint, nerve root and spinal stenosis, PCC was 33% with actual agreement 56%. There was no overlap of 95% confidence intervals on any comparison. Diagnostic agreement on the six most common patho-anatomic categories produced a kappa of 0.31. Conclusion Clinical diagnoses agree with reference standards diagnoses more often than chance. Using available reference standards, most patients can have a tissue source of pain identified.

Tropp Hans

2005-06-01

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Incidence and clinical characteristics of lower urinary tract symptoms as a presenting symptom for patients with newly diagnosed bladder cancer  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english PurposeThe incidence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) as the sole presenting symptom for bladder cancer has traditionally been reported to be low. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of newly diagnosed bladder cancer patients who presented wi [...] th LUTS in the absence of gross or microscopic hematuria.Materials and MethodsWe queried our database of bladder cancer patients at the Atlanta Veteran’s Affairs Medical Center (AVAMC) to identify patients who presented solely with LUTS and were subsequently diagnosed with bladder cancer. Demographic, clinical, and pathologic variables were examined.Results4.1% (14/340) of bladder cancer patients in our series presented solely with LUTS. Mean age and Charlson Co-morbidity Index of these patients was 66.4 years (range = 52-83) and 3 (range = 0-7), respectively. Of the 14 patients in our cohort presenting with LUTS, 9 (64.3%), 4 (28.6%), and 1 (7.1%) patients presented with clinical stage Ta, carcinoma in Situ (CIS), and T2 disease. At a median follow-up of 3.79 years, recurrence occurred in 7 (50.0%) patients with progression occurring in 1 (7.1%) patient. 11 (78.6%) patients were alive and currently disease free, and 3 (21.4%) patients had died, with only one (7.1%) death attributable to bladder cancer.ConclusionsOur database shows a 4.1% incidence of LUTS as the sole presenting symptom in patients with newly diagnosed bladder cancer. This study suggests that urologists should have a low threshold for evaluating patients with unexplained LUTS for underlying bladder cancer.

Ryan W., Dobbs; Lee A., Hugar; Louis M., Revenig; Usama, Al-Qassab; John A., Petros; Chad W., Ritenour; Muta M., Issa; Daniel J., Canter.

2014-04-01

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Clinical features of clinically diagnosed eosinophilic liver abscesses.  

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PURPOSE: Eosinophilic liver abscesses (ELAs) are frequently encountered in the clinical field based on typical computed tomography (CT) findings and the presence of peripheral eosinophilia. In this study, the authors evaluated the clinical features and natural course of CT diagnosed ELAs. METHODS: The medical records of patients that underwent abdominal CT from July 2004 to February 2008 at Seoul National University Hospital were retrospectively evaluated. ELA was clinically diagnosed by the presence of peripheral eosinophilia (?500 ?L(-1)) and typical CT findings. The presumptive causes of clinically diagnosed ELA were divided into three categories, namely, parasitic infections, malignancies, and unidentified etiologies. Clinical courses and responses to treatment were evaluated. RESULTS: Clinically diagnosed ELAs were identified in 164 patients and the incidence of ELA was 0.68%. Of these patients, 118 (71.9%) showed radiologic resolution of clinically diagnosed ELA at a median 6.2 (0.2-33.1) months. In addition, 79 (48.2%) patients also achieved normalization of peripheral eosinophilia with radiologic resolution of clinically diagnosed ELA. In patients without identified etiologies, mean time to radiologic resolution was significantly shorter for patients treated empirically with an anti-parasitic drug than for those not treated [4.4 (0.9-26.3) vs. 12.2 (1.5-33.2) months, median (range), P = 0.001]. CONCLUSIONS: Clinically diagnosed ELA adopts a relatively benign course. Empirical anti-parasitic treatment in patients without an identified etiology may shorten the duration of clinically diagnosed ELA. PMID:21484112

Kwon, Jae-Woo; Kim, Tae-Wan; Kim, Kyung-Mook; Lee, So-Hee; Cho, Sang-Heon; Min, Kyung-Up; Kim, You-Young; Park, Heung-Woo

2011-04-01

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Clinical features and treatment outcome in newly diagnosed Chinese patients with multiple myeloma: results of a multicenter analysis  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study was to understand the clinical features and treatment outcome of Chinese patients with multiple myeloma (MM). This retrospective study enrolled 940 newly diagnosed inpatients (median age, 59 years; immunoglobulin (Ig)D isotype, 6.5%) with complete follow-up data at three centers. In all, 85.8% of patients were of Durie-Salmon stage III and 48.3% were of International Staging System (ISS) stage III at diagnosis. Also, 9.6% of patients had extramedullary plasmacytoma. Comp...

Lu, J.; Chen, W.; Huo, Y.; Huang, X.; Hou, J.

2014-01-01

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Clinical characteristics of emergency department heart failure patients initially diagnosed as non-heart failure  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Since previous studies suggest the emergency department (ED misdiagnosis rate of heart failure is 10–20% we sought to describe the characteristics of ED patients misdiagnosed as non-decompensated heart failure in the ED. Methods We analyzed a prospective convenience sample of 439 patients at 4 emergency departments who presented with signs or symptoms of decompensated heart failure. Patients with a cardiology criterion standard diagnosis of decompensated heart failure and an ED diagnosis of decompensated heart failure were compared to patients with a criterion standard of decompensated heart failure but no ED diagnosis of decompensated heart failure. Two senior cardiology fellows retrospectively determined the patient's heart failure status during their acute ED presentation. The Mann-Whitney u-test for two groups, the Kruskall-Wallis test for multiple groups, or Chi-square tests, were used as appropriate. Results There were 173 (39.4% patients with a criterion standard diagnosis of decompensated heart failure. Among those with this criterion standard diagnosis of decompensated heart failure, discordant patients without an ED diagnosis of decompensated heart failure (n = 58 were more likely to have a history of COPD (p = 0.017, less likely to have a previous history of heart failure (p = 0.014, and less likely to have an elevated b-type natriuretic peptide (BNP level (median 518 vs 764 pg/ml; p = 0.038 than those who were given a concordant ED diagnosis of decompensated heart failure. BNP levels were higher in those with a criterion standard diagnosis of decompensated heart failure than in those without a criterion standard diagnosis (median 657 vs 62.7 pg/ml. However, 34.6% of patients with decompensated heart failure had BNP levels in the normal ( Conclusion We found the ED diagnoses of decompensated heart failure to be discordant with the criterion standard in 14.3% of patients, the vast majority of which were due to a failure to diagnose heart failure when it was present. Patients with a previous history of COPD, without a previous history of heart failure and with lower BNP levels were more likely to have an ED misdiagnosis of non-decompensated heart failure. Readily available, accurate, objective ED tests are needed to improve the early diagnosis of decompensated heart failure in ED patients.

Eckert Daniel C

2006-11-01

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Clinical and radiological parameters of patients with lung thromboembolism, diagnosed by high probability ventilation / perfusion scintigraphies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: pulmonary embolism (PE) remains an elusive diagnosis, and still causes too many unexpected deaths. Because of this, noninvasive investigations are done when pulmonary embolism is suspected. Objective: to determine the clinical and x-rays findings in patients with diagnosis of pulmonary embolism by high probability ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) lung scan. Materials and methods: inpatient medical records of 91 patients with clinical suspected PE and high and low probability V/Q lung scan were analyzed (PIOPED criterion). Results: there were statistics correlation with four clinical findings: hemoptysis (p value=0,02, odds ratio=8,925), taquicardia (p value=0,02 odds ratio=3,5), chest pain (p value=0,01, odds ratio=1,87), and recent surgery (p value=0,02, odds ratio=2,762). The 70,7% chest x-rays were normal (p value < 0,001). Conclusion: the clinical and x-rays findings in patients with diagnosis of PE by high probability V/Q lung scan were: hemoptysis, taquicardia, chest pain, recent surgery and normal chest x-ray. This is important because would help to choose the patients in whom the V/Q lung scan will have the maximal performance (Au)

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Clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed as high cardiac event probability by 'heart risk view'  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

'Heart Risk View' is the software to evaluate the cardiac event probability, and it is based on the results of the prospective cohort study (J-ACCESS). We examined the usefulness of this software. Study population consisted of 83 patients, who were diagnosed that cardiac event probability was over 20% by 'Heart Risk View.' During the follow-up period (596±356 days), cardiac event occurred in 23 patients (27.7%), including 7 patients death. No significant differences were observed in the ejection fraction by Quantitative Gated single emission computed tomography (SPECT), total defect score calculated from SPECT, and the percentage of stress perfusion abnormality detected by SPECT between event and non-event groups. However, the percentage of cardiac revascularization therapy based on the SPECT was significantly lower in the event group (9 vs. 38%, p=0.03). In conclusion, cardiac event probability calculated by 'Heart Risk View' was reliable in our study cohort. Cardiac event strongly depended on the cardiac ischemia, for which the therapy was difficult because of lesion complexity or combined diseases. (author)

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Clinical and demographic profile of HIV/AIDS patients diagnosed at a tertiary care centre in Kashmir  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objectives: To study the clinical and demographic profile of HIV/AIDS patients diagnosed at a tertiary care centre. Methods: The study was conducted on a group of 1141 patients suspected of having HIV/AIDS on clinical grounds. Screening was done using different Elisa's as advised by NACO and those confirmed as HIV positive were studied for their clinical spectrum and different demographic parameters. Results: Out of 1141 patients tested, 26 proved to have HIV 1 infection with no case of HIV 2 detected. Mean age of presentation was 40.04 +- 7 years, main age group affected 31-40 years and a male: female ratio of 4.2:1 was observed. More than 42% were non Kashmiris with armed forces outnumbering all other occupational classes. Heterosexual transmission was the commonest with married out numbering unmarried. Fever, asthenia and weight loss were the predominant symptoms and pulmonary tuberculosis and oropharyngeal candidiasis commonest opportunistic infections. Conclusion: The clinical and demographic profile of HIV/AIDS patients in Kashmir is largely similar to the rest of India. Kashmir no longer stands immune to the menace of HIV/AIDS. With increasing globalization, frequent travel and change in social values the state is likely to witness an alarming rise in new cases unless a multi pronged approach is undertaken to control the spread. (author)

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Predictors of mortality of patients newly diagnosed with clinical type 2 diabetes: a 5-year follow up study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background At diabetes diagnosis major decisions about life-style changes and treatments are made based on characteristics measured shortly after diagnosis. The predictive value for mortality of these early characteristics is widely unknown. We examined the predictive value of patient characteristics measured shortly after diabetes diagnosis for 5-year all-cause and cardiovascular mortality with special reference to self-rated general health. Methods Data were from a population-based sample of 1,323 persons newly diagnosed with clinical diabetes and aged 40 years or over. Possible predictors of mortality were investigated in Cox regression models. Results Multivariately patients who rated their health less than excellent experienced increased all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. These end-points also increased with sedentary life-style, relatively young age at diagnosis and presence of cardiovascular disease (CVD at diagnosis. Further predictors of all-cause mortality were male sex, low body mass index and cancer, while cardiovascular mortality increased with urinary albumin concentration. Conclusions We found that patients who rated their health as less than excellent had increased 5-year mortality, similar to that of patients with prevalent CVD, even when biochemical, clinical and life-style variables were controlled for. This finding could motivate doctors to discuss perceptions of health with newly diagnosed diabetic patients and be attentive to patients with suboptimal health ratings. Our findings also confirm that life-style changes and optimizing treatment are particularly relevant for relatively young and inactive patients and those who already have CVD or (microalbuminuria at the time of diabetes diagnosis.

de Fine Olivarius Niels

2010-08-01

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Patients newly diagnosed with clinical type 2 diabetes during oral glucocorticoid treatment and observed for 14 years: all-cause mortality and clinical developments  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Chronic exposure to glucocorticoids (GCs) has many side effects including glucose intolerance and diabetes and may accelerate the occurrence of cardiovascular disease and increase mortality. We studied the 14-year clinical development of diabetes in patients diagnosed with diabetes during GC treatment. A population-based sample of 1369 people newly diagnosed with clinical type 2 diabetes underwent a clinical examination at diagnosis, and surviving patients were followed up 6 and 14 years later. Patients receiving oral GC treatment at diagnosis were compared with the other patients. Of 1369 patients, 35 (2.6%) were treated with oral GCs at diabetes diagnosis. At that point, patients on GC therapy were older (69.9 versus 65.3 years, p = 0.007, sex-adjusted) and tended to have lower BMI (26.1 versus 29.1 kg/m(2) , p = 0.023), also 6 years after diagnosis (24.8 versus 28.4, p = 0.011), than patients not being treated with GCs. In a univariate Cox regression model, GC treatment at diagnosis increased all-cause mortality with a hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) of 2.01 (1.39-2.89, p = 0.0002, n = 1369), while this decreased to 1.41 (0.98-2.04, p = 0.065, n = 1369) when adjusted for age and sex and to 1.39 (0.92-2.11, p = 0.12, n = 1086) when risk factors, complications and cancer were added to the model. Apart from differences in age and overweight, patients in this relatively small sample of those diagnosed with clinical type 2 diabetes during GC treatment were comparable at diagnosis and during 14 years of follow-up with those not treated with GCs, including with regard to the adjusted mortality rate

Olivarius, Niels de Fine; Siersma, Volkert Dirk

2011-01-01

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Clinical features and treatment outcome in newly diagnosed Chinese patients with multiple myeloma: results of a multicenter analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to understand the clinical features and treatment outcome of Chinese patients with multiple myeloma (MM). This retrospective study enrolled 940 newly diagnosed inpatients (median age, 59 years; immunoglobulin (Ig)D isotype, 6.5%) with complete follow-up data at three centers. In all, 85.8% of patients were of Durie-Salmon stage III and 48.3% were of International Staging System (ISS) stage III at diagnosis. Also, 9.6% of patients had extramedullary plasmacytoma. Compared with IgG, IgD-type patients were diagnosed at a younger age, and more patients were of ISS stage III, with hypercalcemia, elevated levels of lactate dehydrogenase, hyperuricemia, renal dysfunction and 1q21 amplification (P=0.03). The overall survival (OS) benefit was more prominent in IgG than in IgD when patients received bortezomib; however, they showed no significant difference when they received older therapies such as melphalan combined with prednisone or vincristine combined with adriamycin and dexamethasone. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) results showed that 17.6% had 17p13 deletion. Conventional cytogenetics revealed that 13.3% were hypodiploid and those cases had the worst survival, but hyperdiploid cases (9.3%) did not show any survival benefit compared with those with a normal karyotype (77.4%). Median OS and progression-free survival for all patients were 54 and 26 months, respectively. Significant factors for survival by multivariate analysis were gender, ISS stage, number of FISH abnormalities and extramedullary disease. MM in mainland China presents with different features, with patients being of younger age and having higher risk and more survival benefit in IgG patients receiving bortezomib. PMID:25127393

Lu, J; Lu, J; Chen, W; Huo, Y; Huang, X; Hou, J

2014-01-01

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Clinical & immunological profile of newly diagnosed patients with youth onset diabetes mellitus  

Science.gov (United States)

Background & objectives: There has been a rise in the incidence of diabetes mellitus in the younger population of India. There are limited data available on the immunological profile of youth onset diabetes mellitus (DM) especially in type 2. Therefore, this study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical and immunological profile of youth onset DM in north India. Methods: Fifty one consecutive patients of 8-35 yr of age with diabetes mellitus attending the Lok Nayak Hospital, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, and Hormone Care and Research Center at Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India, were included in the study. All subjects were tested for glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), an islet cell antigen ICA512/IA2, and insulin antibodies. GAD and ICA512/IA2 were done by ELISA and insulin autoantibodies were tested by radioimmunoassay (RIA) method. These patients were also screened for hepatitis A to E, cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) as trigger factors for onset of type 1 DM. Results: Of the total 51 patients, 38 were men and 13 were women. The mean age and BMI of the subjects was 19.7 (±7) years and 21 (± 5) kg/m2, respectively. Twenty patients were below the age of 18 yr and their height was more than 75th percentile of Indian standards. All patients were symptomatic and 12 of these presented with ketoacidosis. Only 48 per cent (n=24) were positive for GAD, 14 per cent (n=7) for ICA512/IA-2, and 28% (n=14) were positive for insulin antibody. Five of these patients had evidence of hepatitis E virus infection. None of the subjects had evidence of active CMV or EBV infection. Interpretation & conclusions: About half of the youth onset diabetes mellitus patients from north India had presence of pancreatic autoimmunity in the form of GAD, ICA512/IA2, and insulin antibodies or a combination of antibodies suggestive of having type 1 DM. Further studies need to be done on a large sample size in different parts of the country. PMID:25366202

Dhanwal, D.K.; Agarwal, S.; Garg, S.; Agarwal, P.

2014-01-01

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The validity of clinical findings for diagnosing temporomandibular disorders in patients from different age and gender groups  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study was to clarify the diagnostic accuracy of clinical findings for internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) compared with that of magnetic resonance imaging. A series of 4559 patients (879 male and 3680 female, mean age 32.7 years; range 8-85 years;) with temporomandibular disorders were clinically examined by un unspecified number of dentists. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The clinical findings that characterize disc displacement, anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDwR) and anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADDwoR) are pain, clicking sound and limitation of maximum mouth opening. These clinical findings were compared to the MRI interpretation, which was used as the gold standard for diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders to define the diagnostic accuracy, specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of clinical findings. The prevalence of clinical finding was 3990 joints (43%) with pain, 2775 joints (30%) with clicking sound and 1731 patients (38%) with limitation of opening. Three thousands forty seven joints were diagnosed as having a normal disc position, 510 joints with sideways disc displacement, 2312 joints with ADDwR, 3239 joints with ADDwoR on MR image. The sensitivity of clinical findings was considerably low: sensitivity was 0.48 for pain versus internal derangement, 0.51 for clicking sound versus ADDwR, 0.62 for limitation of opening versus ADDw0.62 for limitation of opening versus ADDwoR. The sensitivity was higher in the younger group for clicking sound versus ADDwR, but sensitivity was higher in the older group for limitation of opening versus ADDwoR. The diagnostic accuracy based on clinical findings of internal derangement of TMJ was found to be correlated with age. This study has been that the overall diagnostic accuracy of the clinical findings to determine the status of the joint is about 50-60%. The status of the joint could not be accurately determined by clinical findings. MR image should be performed when an accurate differential diagnosis is needed to determine the treatment methods. (author)

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Biochemical, molecular, and clinical diagnoses of patients with cerebral creatine deficiency syndromes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cerebral creatine deficiency syndromes (CCDS) are a group of inborn errors of creatine metabolism that involve AGAT and GAMT for creatine biosynthesis disorders and SLC6A8 for creatine transporter (CT1) deficiency. Deficiencies in the three enzymes can be distinguished by intermediate metabolite levels, and a definitive diagnosis relies on the presence of deleterious mutations in the causative genes. Mutations and unclassified variants were identified in 41 unrelated patients, and 22 of these mutations were novel. Correlation of sequencing and biochemical data reveals that using plasma guanidinoacetate (GAA) as a biomarker has 100% specificity for both AGAT and GAMT deficiencies, but AGAT deficiency has decreased sensitivity in this assay. Furthermore, the urine creatine:creatinine ratio is an effective screening test with 100% specificity in males suspected of having creatine transporter deficiency. This test has a high false-positive rate due to dietary factors or dilute urine samples and lacks sensitivity in females. We conclude that biochemical screening for plasma GAA and measuring of the urine creatine:creatinine ratio should be performed for suspected CCDS patients prior to sequencing. Also, based on the results of this study, we feel that sequencing should only be considered if a patient has abnormal biochemical results on repeat testing. PMID:23660394

Comeaux, Matthew S; Wang, Jing; Wang, Guoli; Kleppe, Soledad; Zhang, Victor Wei; Schmitt, Eric S; Craigen, William J; Renaud, Deborah; Sun, Qin; Wong, Lee-Jun

2013-07-01

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Meningeal inflammation and demyelination in a patient clinically diagnosed with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) and multiple sclerosis (MS) are both CNS inflammatory demyelinating diseases with overlapping clinical features. A case is reported of a 51-year-old female who presented with headache, progressive aphasia and hemiparesis without preceding infection or vaccination. Brain MRI revealed multiple, often confluent, subcortical white matter lesions without enhancement, affecting predominantly the left cerebral hemisphere. CSF examination failed to reveal oligoclonal bands. Brain biopsy revealed both pathological features of ADEM and findings are consistent with the early stage of MS, including meningeal B and T lymphocytic infiltration, perivenular demyelination, subpial demyelination and discrete confluent plaque-like foci of demyelination. Steroid treatment resulted in remarkable clinical and radiological improvement and there has been no recurrence in six years of follow-up. This case highlights the difficulties in differentiating between ADEM and the first attack of MS and further suggests that ADEM and the early stage of MS, and its tumefactive variant, may have a common underlying pathologic mechanism, which may have a therapeutic implication in treating these diseases. PMID:25216555

Koshihara, Hiroshi; Oguchi, Kenya; Takei, Yo-ichi; Kitazawa, Kazuo; Higuchi, Kayoko; Ohara, Shinji

2014-11-15

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Influenza-Like-Illness and Clinically Diagnosed Flu: Disease Burden, Costs and Quality of Life for Patients Seeking Ambulatory Care or No Professional Care at All  

OpenAIRE

This is one of the first studies to (1) describe the out-of-hospital burden of influenza-like-illness (ILI) and clinically diagnosed flu, also for patients not seeking professional medical care, (2) assess influential background characteristics, and (3) formally compare the burden of ILI in patients with and without a clinical diagnosis of flu. A general population sample with recent ILI experience was recruited during the 2011–2012 influenza season in Belgium. Half of the 2250 respondents ...

Bilcke, Joke; Coenen, Samuel; Beutels, Philippe

2014-01-01

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Clinical case of a patient diagnosed with sinister inguinal hernia and disembriogenesis of the inguinal canal.  

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Hernia (lat. - rupture, burst) or protrusion represents the act of escape of tissue, organ or an organ constituent through an innate or acquired fault of the muscle or the connective tissue membrane. The inguinal hernia, also known as groin hernia, rates one of the most frequent surgical conditions. It is manifested by all ages, however is more common in males. The inguinal hernia exhibits by the protrusion of abdominal organs or their segments, for instance portions of the small or large intestine, into the inguinal canal. The groin hernias classify into two subtypes--direct and indirect, and also acquired and inherited. Two kind of anomalies exist--anomalies connected with the obliteration of processus vaginalis peritonei and anomalies connected with the embryogenessis of the inguinal canal. We present a clinical case of a 59-years-old male presenting with emerged arch-like protuberance in the sinister groin region, enlarging during physical effort and strain, accompanied by a strong, harsh pain. Intraoperatively it was discovered a disembryogenessis of the inguinal canal, a total lack of the front wall of the canal itself, a lack of formed superficial inguinal opening and inobliterated processus vaginalis peritonei. PMID:25507002

Jonkov, A; Todorov, R; Katibova, S; Dimitrova, V

2014-01-01

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Prevalence of multi-drug resistant Salmonella typhi among clinically diagnosed typhoid fever patients in Lagos, Nigeria.  

Science.gov (United States)

A total of 635 clinically diagnosed typhoid fever patients were bled from three different health institutions in the metropolis of Lagos, Nigeria over a period of 15 months, May 1997 to July 1998. Out of the total blood cultured, 101 (15.9%) isolates of Salmonella species were isolated of which 68 (67.3%) were S. typhi, 17 (16.8%) and 16 (15.8%) were S. paratyphi A. and S. arizonae respectively. The overall isolation rate of S. typhi among patients is 10.7%, with most isolates 45.9% found among the severely-ill young adults, age group 16-30 years. All isolates were subjected to anti-microbial susceptibility testing using 12 different antibiotics: chloramphenicol, ampicillin, cotrimoxazole, gentamicin, colistin sulfate, nalidixic acid, nitrofurantoin, cefotaxime, tetracycline, streptomycin, ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin. All the S. typhi and S. paratyphi A isolates showed resistance to two or more of the 10 of 12 antibiotics tested particularly the 3-first-line antibiotics commonly used (chloramphenicol, ampicillin and cotrimoxazole) in the treatment of typhoid fever in Nigeria. No isolate showed resistance to ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin, however, nalidixic acid and gentamicin showed a moderate and appreciable inhibition to most of our isolates. PMID:10928566

Akinyemi, K O; Coker, A O; Olukoya, D K; Oyefolu, A O; Amorighoye, E P; Omonigbehin, E O

2000-01-01

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Diagnoses behind patients with hard-to-classify tremor and normal DaT-SPECT: A clinical follow up study  

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Full Text Available The [123I]ioflupane - a dopamine transporter radioligand - SPECT (DaT-SPECT has proven to be useful in the differential diagnosis of tremor. Here, we investigate the diagnoses behind patients with hard-to-classify tremor and normal DaT-SPECT. Therefore, 30 patients with tremor and normal DaT-SPECT were followed up for 2 years. In 18 cases we were able to make a diagnosis. The residual 12 patients underwent a second DaT-SPECT, were then followed for additional 12 months and thereafter the diagnosis was reconsidered again. The final diagnoses included cases of essential tremor, dystonic tremor, multisystem atrophy, vascular parkinsonism, progressive supranuclear palsy, corticobasal degeneration, fragile X–associated tremor ataxia syndrome, psychogenic parkinsonism, iatrogenic parkinsonism and Parkinson’s disease. However, for 6 patients the diagnosis remained uncertain. Larger series are needed to better establish the relative frequency of the different conditions behind these cases.

Manuel Menéndez-González

2014-04-01

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Diagnoses behind patients with hard-to-classify tremor and normal DaT-SPECT: a clinical follow up study  

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The [123I]ioflupane—a dopamine transporter radioligand—SPECT (DaT-SPECT) has proven to be useful in the differential diagnosis of tremor. Here, we investigate the diagnoses behind patients with hard-to-classify tremor and normal DaT-SPECT. Therefore, 30 patients with tremor and normal DaT-SPECT were followed up for 2 years. In 18 cases we were able to make a diagnosis. The residual 12 patients underwent a second DaT-SPECT, were then followed for additional 12 months and thereafter the diagnosis was reconsidered again. The final diagnoses included cases of essential tremor, dystonic tremor, multisystem atrophy, vascular parkinsonism, progressive supranuclear palsy, corticobasal degeneration, fragile X–associated tremor ataxia syndrome, psychogenic parkinsonism, iatrogenic parkinsonism and Parkinson's disease. However, for 6 patients the diagnosis remained uncertain. Larger series are needed to better establish the relative frequency of the different conditions behind these cases. PMID:24744729

Menéndez-González, Manuel; Tavares, Francisco; Zeidan, Nahla; Salas-Pacheco, José M.; Arias-Carrión, Oscar

2014-01-01

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Broad-range PCR as a supplement to culture for detection of bacterial pathogens in patients with a clinically diagnosed spinal infection  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

We aimed to evaluate broad-range PCR and subsequent sequencing compared to conventional culture in the diagnosis of spinal infection. The method was a prospective study of all patients admitted to Aarhus University Hospital for surgery during a 12-months period with a clinically diagnosed infection of the spine. Samples from patients undergoing surgery for non-infectious causes (malignancy etc.) were included as control group. Specimens were submitted to conventional culture and molecular investigation with 16S rRNA gene amplification and sequence analysis. 38 patients were included in the study (clinically diagnosed spinal infections=18; non-infectious diseases=20). The specificity was excellent for both culture and PCR (95% and 100%, respectively). A true culture positive result was obtained in 50% of patients (9/18) and 61% was positive (11/18) by broad-range PCR. When combined, culture and PCR allowed for a microbiological diagnosis in 72% of patients (13/18). A positive culture was found only in patientstreated <= 7 d compared to <= 16 d for PCR. However, PCR and culture result were equally negatively affected by duration of treatment. The combination of culture and broad-range PCR substantially adds to the number of microbiological diagnoses obtained, and improves the clinician's opportunity to tailor therapy to individual patients Udgivelsesdato: 2008

Fuursted, K.; Arpi, M.

2008-01-01

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MtDNA landscape in South African paediatric patients clinically diagnosed with suspected mitochondrial disorders / by Dan Isabirye  

OpenAIRE

The relevance of haplogroups in mitochondrial disease was investigated in this study. Twenty-seven paediatric patients with clinically suspected mitochondrial disorders from diverse ethnic origins were investigated via an automated sequencing strategy. Previous studies in a similar population identified only the A3243G reported causative mutation in a single patient, in addition to a number of reported and unreported polymorphisms. It suggested that the aetiology of mitochondri...

Isabirye, Dan

2004-01-01

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Prevalence and progression of visual impairment in patients newly diagnosed with clinical type 2 diabetes: a 6-year follow up study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Many diabetic patients fear visual loss as the worst consequence of diabetes. In most studies the main eye pathology is assigned as the cause of visual impairment. This study analysed a broad range of possible ocular and non-ocular predictors of visual impairment prospectively in patients newly diagnosed with clinical type 2 diabetes. Methods Data were from a population-based cohort of 1,241 persons newly diagnosed with clinical, often symptomatic type 2 diabetes aged ? 40 years. After 6 years, 807 patients were followed up. Standard eye examinations were done by practising ophthalmologists. Results At diabetes diagnosis median age was 65.5 years. Over 6 years, the prevalence of blindness (visual acuity of best seeing eye ? 0.1 rose from 0.9% (11/1,241 to 2.4% (19/807 and the prevalence of moderate visual impairment (> 0.1; Conclusions In a comprehensive assessment of predictors of visual impairment, even in a health care system allowing self-referral to free eye examinations, treatable eye pathologies such as DR and cataract emerge together with age as the most notable predictors of continued visual loss after diabetes diagnosis. Our results underline the importance of eliminating barriers to efficient eye care by increasing patients' and primary care practitioners' awareness of the necessity of regular eye examinations and timely surgical treatment.

Almind Gitte

2011-02-01

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Clinical-epidemiological features of HIV-infected patients diagnosed at age of 50 years or older  

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Full Text Available HIV/AIDS prevention and care efforts are directed to individuals of reproductive age (15–49 yrs. With the extension of sexual life of older people, they became a growing population at risk of HIV infection, usually not included in prevention strategies. In order to evaluate clinical profile of HIV/AIDS pts diagnosed at 50 yrs or older assisted in an HIV outpatient center in Buenos Aires, we retrospectively assessed clinical records of pts initiating care between Jan 1986 and Dec 2011. Age, CD4 cells and viral load (pVL at HIV diagnosis and most recent value, opportunistic infections (OIs, co-morbidities and antiretroviral therapy (ARV were recorded. Of 10,998 pts assisted in the 26-yr period, 495 (4.5% were?50 yrs old at HIV diagnosis; median annual diagnoses: 18.5 (IQR 3.3–30.3 without significant changes in the last 20 yrs. Demographics: median age 54.7 yrs (IQR 51.8–59.2, rank 50–80, 76.6% male. Risk behavior: HTX 61.4%, MSM 34.1%, others 4.4%. 55.4% of HIV diagnoses occurred during hospitalization or simultaneously with acute OIs. One third (n=176 had AIDS at diagnosis, 24% had history of STDs. HCV co-infection 5.7%, past HBV infection 28.1% and chronic HBV infection 5.1%. Median CD4 cells at HIV diagnosis: 223.5 (13.7% (IQR 98.8–420.3, initial pVL 60,000 cp/mL (IQR 9,995.5–208,391. 69.3% of pts started ARV therapy during follow-up (FU, and the median time between diagnosis and treatment initiation was 3.4 mo (IQR 0.7–14; 56.9% of them started a non-nucleoside-based regimen (ZDV/3TC/EFV, 28.3% a PI-based regimen (ZDV/3TC/IDV and 14.6% a nucleoside-based regimen (ZDV/ddI pre-HAART era. After a year (±6 mo, 63.8% pts achieved undetectable pVL and gained 136 CD4 cells from BSL (IQR 83–204. After 40.6 mo of FU (IQR 6.7-89.8, 66.3% are alive, 7.1% died (68.6% of HIV-related diseases and 26.7% are lost to FU. Co-morbidities were present in 125 (25.3%, mainly hypertension, increased lipids, CVD and DBT. Among treated pts, 70.6% achieved pVL<50 cp/mL, with a median increase of CD4 cells up to 410 (22% (IQR 281.5–563.9 from BSL. 51% (176 changed ARV therapy due to toxicity/AE: 54.5%, ARV failure: 29.5% and simplification: 14.8%. Stable HIV epidemic in older people reinforce the need of specific prevention approaches, while growing age of HIV individuals in care highlights to consider risks associated to older age. Late presentation to care needs to be specifically addressed. Response to treatment is remarkable high in this population.

V Fink

2012-11-01

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Modifiable clinical and lifestyle factors are associated with elevated alanine aminotransferase levels in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients : results from the nationwide DD2 study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Current literature lacks data on markers of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. We therefore, conducted a cross-sectional study to examine modifiable clinical and lifestyle factors associated with elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels as a marker of NAFLD in new T2DM patients. METHODS: Alanine aminotransferase levels were measured in 1026 incident T2DM patients enrolled in the nationwide Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) cohort. We examined prevalence of elevated ALT (>38 IU/L for women and >50 IU/L for men) and calculated prevalence ratios associated with clinical and lifestyle factors using Poisson regression. We examined the association with other biomarkers by linear regression. RESULTS: The median value of ALT was 24 IU/L (interquartile range: 18-32 IU/L) in women and 30 IU/L (interquartile range: 22-41 IU/L) in men. Elevated ALT was found in 16% of incident T2DM patients. The risk of elevated ALT was increased in patients who were 14/>21 drinks per week for women/men) (aPR: 1.60, 95% CI: 1.03-2.50), and in those with no regular physical activity (aPR: 1.42, 95% CI: 1.04-1.93). Obesity and metabolic syndrome per se showed no association with elevated ALT when adjusted for other markers, whereas we found positive associations of ALT with increased C-peptide (??=?0.14, 95% CI: 0.06-0.21) and fasting blood glucose (??=?0.07, 95% CI: 0.03-0.11). CONCLUSIONS: Among newly diagnosed T2DM patients, several modifiable clinical and lifestyle factors are independent markers of elevated ALT levels. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Mor, Anil; Svensson, Elisabeth

2014-01-01

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The role of clinical response to metformin in patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes: a monotherapy study.  

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A major predicament in certain users of metformin, which is one of the most commonly used antihyperglycemic agents for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) treatment, is the lack of appropriate response to the drug. We evaluated the role of metformin response and OCT1 (organic cation transporter1) Met420del polymorphism in a monotherapy study (metformin therapy for 12 weeks) on patients newly diagnosed with T2DM. Based on the response to metformin, patients (n = 108) were divided into two groups: responders (n = 49) and non-responders (n = 59). HbA1c levels were determined by affinity technique. The OCT1-Met420del polymorphism was genotyped by PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism. There was a significant association between the variable response with HbA1c and fasting blood sugar (FBS) (Wilks' ? = 0.905, p = 0.01). Responders had significantly lower HbA1c and FBS levels compared with non-responders (? (2) = 0.087, p = 0.004 for HbA1c and ? (2) = 0.055, p = 0.022 for FBS). The interaction treatment-response increased the effect sizes from 32 to 58 % for HbA1c. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) values were significantly lower in the responder group than in the non-responders (? (2) = 0.067, p = 0.01 for ALT and ? (2) = 0.052, p = 0.025 for AST). This observational study showed that the variant OCT1-Met420del may be more effective on plasma glucose than HbA1c. The variable response could account for a significant proportion of the variance in HbA1c levels observed following treatment with metformin. Metformin shows a significantly greater effect on ALT and AST in responders than in non-responders. PMID:24740684

Mahrooz, Abdolkarim; Parsanasab, Hassan; Hashemi-Soteh, Mohammad Bagher; Kashi, Zahra; Bahar, Adele; Alizadeh, Ahad; Mozayeni, Maliheh

2014-04-17

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Low incidence of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2C revealed by a mutation study in Japanese patients clinically diagnosed with DMD  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2C (LGMD2C is an autosomal recessive muscle dystrophy that resembles Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD. Although DMD is known to affect one in every 3500 males regardless of race, a widespread founder mutation causing LGMD2C has been described in North Africa. However, the incidence of LGMD2C in Japanese has been unknown because the genetic background remains uncharacterized in many patients clinically diagnosed with DMD. Methods We enrolled 324 patients referred to the Kobe University Hospital with suspected DMD. Mutations in the dystrophin or the SGCG genes were analyzed using not only genomic DNA but also cDNA. Results In 322 of the 324 patients, responsible mutations in the dystrophin were successfully revealed, confirming DMD diagnosis. The remaining two patients had normal dystrophin expression but absence of ?-sarcoglycan in skeletal muscle. Mutation analysis of the SGCG gene revealed homozygous deletion of exon 6 in one patient, while the other had a novel single nucleotide insertion in exon 7 in one allele and deletion of exon 6 in the other allele. These mutations created a stop codon that led to a ?-sarcoglycan deficiency, and we therefore diagnosed these two patients as having LGMD2C. Thus, the relative incidence of LGMD2C among Japanese DMD-like patients can be calculated as 1 in 161 patients suspected to have DMD (2 of 324 patients = 0.6%. Taking into consideration the DMD incidence for the overall population (1/3,500 males, the incidence of LGMD2C can be estimated as 1 per 560,000 or 1.8 per million. Conclusions To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate a low incidence of LGMD2C in the Japanese population.

Maruyama Koichi

2010-03-01

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Differential diagnoses to MS : experiences from an optic neuritis clinic  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Optic neuritis (ON) is closely linked to multiple sclerosis (MS). It may, however, also be associated to a range of autoimmune or infectious diseases. The purpose of this study was to assess the differential diagnoses in patients with suspected ON. In this retrospective study, we reviewed the files of all patients referred to the Clinic of Optic Neuritis, Glostrup Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, between January 2000 and November 2011. All patients were referred by ophthalmologists with possible ON. Patients diagnosed with MS prior to referral were excluded from the study. A total of 643 patients were included in the study. Apart from ON, the most frequent diagnoses were tumors (n = 15), ischemic or hypertensive neuropathies (n = 13), and retinal or choroid disorders (n = 9). Six patients were diagnosed with neuromyelitis optica. Rarer causes of visual loss were infections (n = 5), giant cell arteritis (n = 4), sarcoidosis (n = 3), thyrotoxicosis (n = 2), and hereditary or toxic neuropathies (n = 2). Nine percent of patients referred to the Clinic of Optic Neuritis had symptoms caused by medical, neurosurgical or ophthalmic disorders, and 0.9 % of our patients had NMO. Though most of these conditions are rare, it is of importance to keep them in mind upon encountering patients with symptoms of ON.

Horwitz, Henrik; Friis, Tina

2014-01-01

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Agreement between diagnoses reached by clinical examination and available reference standards: a prospective study of 216 patients with lumbopelvic pain  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background The tissue origin of low back pain (LBP) or referred lower extremity symptoms (LES) may be identified in about 70% of cases using advanced imaging, discography and facet or sacroiliac joint blocks. These techniques are invasive and availability varies. A clinical examination is non-invasive and widely available but its validity is questioned. Diagnostic studies usually examine single tests in relation to single reference standards, yet in clinical practice...

Tropp Hans; McDonald Barry; Laslett Mark; Aprill Charles N; Öberg Birgitta

2005-01-01

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The Social Negotiation of Illness : Doctors’ Role as Clinical or Political in Diagnosing Patients with Medically Unexplained Symptoms  

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The present article examines how doctors explain patients’ symptoms that are medically unexplained (MUS). Present analysis departs in a qualitative study that was conducted in Denmark in 2008–2009 and involved eight small group interviews and three individual interviews with 21 doctors. The following themes evolved from the interviews: (i) descriptions of patients with MUS, (ii) the role of the welfare system and (iii) the role of general practitioner (GP)s in their contacts with this particular patient group according to the doctors. The study demonstrates that MUS patients’ symptoms fail as symptoms in the context of medicine; however, the study shows that if doctors apply the politicised context of the current welfare state in Denmark, then they are able to translate the symptoms of MUS patients into social problems. Doctors can subsequently explain the symptoms described by MUS patients. The study finds that GPs assume a politicised role in their contact with MUS patients, which valorises moral reflections on the Danish welfare state and results in descriptions of individuals’ well-being that are in accordance with a political context regarding the rights and obligations of citizens.

Mik-Meyer, Nanna

2015-01-01

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Repeated Aspergillus isolation in respiratory samples from non-immunocompromised patients not selected based on clinical diagnoses: colonisation or infection?  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Isolation of Aspergillus from lower respiratory samples is associated with colonisation in high percentage of cases, making it of unclear significance. This study explored factors associated with diagnosis (infection vs. colonisation, treatment (administration or not of antifungals and prognosis (mortality in non-transplant/non-neutropenic patients showing repeated isolation of Aspergillus from lower respiratory samples. Methods Records of adult patients (29 Spanish hospitals presenting ?2 respiratory cultures yielding Aspergillus were retrospectively reviewed and categorised as proven (histopathological confirmation or probable aspergillosis (new respiratory signs/symptoms with suggestive chest imaging or colonisation (symptoms not attributable to Aspergillus without dyspnoea exacerbation, bronchospasm or new infiltrates. Logistic regression models (step–wise were performed using Aspergillosis (probable?+?proven, antifungal treatment and mortality as dependent variables. Significant (p?2 were considered. Results A total of 245 patients were identified, 139 (56.7% with Aspergillosis. Aspergillosis was associated (R2?=?0.291 with ICU admission (OR?=?2.82, congestive heart failure (OR?=?2.39 and steroids pre-admission (OR?=?2.19 as well as with cavitations in X-ray/CT scan (OR?=?10.68, radiological worsening (OR?=?5.22 and COPD exacerbations/need for O2 interaction (OR?=?3.52. Antifungals were administered to 79.1% patients with Aspergillosis (100% proven, 76.8% probable and 29.2% colonised, with 69.5% patients receiving voriconazole alone or in combination. In colonised patients, administration of antifungals was associated with ICU admission at hospitalisation (OR?=?12.38. In Aspergillosis patients its administration was positively associated (R2?=?0.312 with bronchospasm (OR?=?9.21 and days in ICU (OR?=?1.82 and negatively with Gold III?+?IV (OR?=?0.26, stroke (OR?=?0.024 and quinolone treatment (OR?=?0.29. Mortality was 78.6% in proven, 41.6% in probable and 12.3% in colonised patients, and was positively associated in Aspergillosis patients (R2?=?0.290 with radiological worsening (OR?=?3.04, APACHE-II (OR?=?1.09 and number of antibiotics for treatment (OR?=?1.51 and negatively with species other than A. fumigatus (OR?=?0.14 and aspergillar tracheobronchitis (OR?=?0.27. Conclusions Administration of antifungals was not always closely linked to the diagnostic categorisation (colonisation vs. Aspergillosis, being negatively associated with severe COPD (GOLD III?+?IV and concomitant treatment with quinolones in patients with Aspergillosis, probably due to the similarity of signs/symptoms between this entity and pulmonary bacterial infections.

Barberan Jose

2012-11-01

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The value of pretreatment clinical and biochemical parameters in patients with newly diagnosed untreated prostate carcinoma and no indications for bone metastases on the bone scintigram  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To determine the value of clinical and biochemical parameters for assessment of prognosis at the time of diagnosis, a retrospective study was performed in 124 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer without bone metastases. The mean follow-up was 41 months, during which time 36 patients died and 15 patients developed metastases. Bone scans were classified from 0 (=normal) through 2 (=abnormal, but not typical for metastases) and were correlated with age, alkaline phosphatase (AP), prostate-specific antigen (PSA), tumour grade, T-stage and N-stage. In patients with a class 2 scan, additional roentgenograms and follow-up were used to exclude metastases at initial stage. All parameters, including therapy, were finally correlated with the development of metastases and survival. For survival 38 patients with proven metastases were used as controls. For all parameters tested, no statistically significant differences were found between the three bone scan classifications. The interval between diagnosis and the development of metastases ranged from 12 to 72 months. For the risk of development of metastases only PSA was found to be a significant correlate. However, when tumour stages were clustered in limited disease (T0-2) and extensive disease (T3-4), the incidence of metastases was significantly higher in patients with extensive disease than in those with limited disease. Finally, age, PSA and Anderson classification were found to be significant correlateson were found to be significant correlates of survival, but in stepwise analysis PSA was selected as the most prognostic variable. In contrast with a typical pattern of metastases on bone scintigraphy, an abnormal scan (class 1 and 2) at the time of diagnosis is not a poor prognostic parameter of the risk of death. (orig.)

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[Sarcomatoid liver carcinoma diagnosed clinically as hemangioma].  

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This is a case report of a 69-year-old woman with sarcomatoid hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which was diagnosed clinically as hemangioma. She was first admitted to our university hospital, complaining of general fatigue in December, 1988, and cholelithiasis and liver cirrhosis with hepatic tumor in Segment 8 were diagnosed. The serum AFP level was within normal range, and the tumor was diagnosed as hemangioma radiologically. She underwent only cholecystectomy and was well without any therapy for the liver tumor up until March in 1991 when she was readmitted to our university hospital due to rapidly progressive liver dysfunction. The size of the liver tumor was unchanged. Despite intensive care, she died of hepatic failure due to cirrhosis in a decompensation state. At autopsy, a well defined yellowish white tumor of 3 cm in maximum diameter was seen in the cirrhotic liver. Although the largest part of the tumor revealed necrosis and hyalinization, a sarcomatoid part composed of spindle-shaped cells was noted in the peripheral portion. In addition, some necrotic ghost cells, probably hepatocellular carcinoma, were also noted. Low molecular cytokeratin, which is always found in HCCs, was seen in spindle-shaped sarcomatoid cells. The liver tumor was diagnosed as sarcomatoid HCC from these pathological findings. We report this histologically unusual HCC with an immunohistochemical study. PMID:1470779

Matsuoka, N; Yamamoto, T; Haratake, J; Hashimoto, H; Unoki, H

1992-12-01

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A Survey on the Attitude of Professors & Residents of Clinical Wards about Disclosing the Results of Diagnoses for Incurable Patients at Urmia University of Medical Sciences  

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Full Text Available

Background and Objectives: One of the most important and complicated problems in medical ethics is to disclose the full truth about diagnosis of incurable diseases which leads to death, and each therapist may be encountered with it during the years of medical profession.

The aim of this study was to survey on attitude of professors and residents of clinical wards to disclose the diagnosis for incurable patients leading to death.

 

Methods: In this descriptive study, sampling was carried out by a survey. All faculty members and their residents of teaching hospitals of Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran, were surveyed as sample in 2007. Of 145 subjects, 138 responded to the questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using Pearson and Spearman correlation tests with a p?0.05 being considered as significant.

 

Results: In this study, the tendency to disclose the diagnosis among faculty members and residents was 64.63%. Also, there was no significant relation between age, sex, university degree, educational field, years of service of the faculty members and residents of clinical wards with the tendency for telling the truth to incurable patients.

 

Conclusion: Final analyses revealed that the faculty members and clinical residents of different fields in terms of diagnosis disclosure do not have a definite idea. However, the majority of them agree to disclose the full truth about diagnoses.

 

SH Miri Ghaffarzadeh

2012-05-01

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Clinical updates on diagnosing glutensensitive enteropathy  

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Full Text Available In the last twenty years serology for the diagnosis of coeliac disease has improved substantially. As the result of our serological studies in 1998 we proposed a gentle, low-risk, and cost effective algorithm for diagnosing various forms of gluten sensitive enteropathy, using a combination of different antibody determinations, namely IgA Endomysium antibodies (EMA, Tissue-transglutaminase antibodies (IgA anti tTG, IgG anti tTG, IgA-and IgG antigliadin-antibodies. Performing routinely serologic testing contributes to a decreased rate of endoscopic interventions and improves the quality of the patient’s life.

Faruk Hadziselimovic

2011-11-01

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Is it possible to diagnose the therapeutic adherence of patients with COPD in clinical practice? A cohort study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Therapeutic adherence of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD is poor. It is therefore necessary to determine the magnitude of non-adherence to develop strategies to correct this behaviour. The purpose of this study was to analyse the diagnostic validity of indirect adherence methods. Methods Sample: 195 COPD patients undergoing scheduled inhaled treatment attending 5 Primary Care Centres of Malaga, Spain. Variables: Sociodemographic profile, illness data, spirometry, quality of life (St. George Respiratory Questionnaire: SGRQ, and inhaled medication counting (count of dose/pill or electronic monitoring were collected. The patient's knowledge of COPD (Batalla test:BT,their attitude towards treatment (Morisky-Green test: MGT and their self-reported therapeutic adherence (Haynes-Sackett test: HST were used as methods of evaluating adherence. The follow-up consisted four visits over one year (the recruitment visit: V0; and after 1 month:V1; 6 months:V2; and 1 year:V3. Results The mean age was 69.59 (95% CI, 68.29-70.89 years old and 93.8% were male. Other findings included: 85.4% had a low educational level, 23.6% were smokers, 71.5% mild-moderate COPD stage with a FEV1 = 56.86 (SD = 18.85; exacerbations per year = 1.41(95% CI, 1-1.8. The total SGRQ score was 44.96 (95% CI, 42.46-47.46, showing a mild self-perceived impairment in health. The prevalence of adherence (dose/pill count was 68.1% (95% CI, 60.9-75.3 at V1, 80% (95% CI, 73-87 at V2 and 84% (95% CI, 77.9 at V3. The MGT showed a specificity of 67.34% at V1, 76.19% at V2 and 69.62% at V3. The sensitivity was 53.33% at V1, 66.66% at V2 and 33.33% at V3.The BT showed a specificity of 55.1% at V1, 70.23% at V2 and 67.09% at V3. The sensitivity was 68.88% at V1, 71.43% at V2 and 46.66% at V3. Considering both tests together, the specificity was 86.73% at V1, 94.04% at V2 and 92.49% at V3 and the sensitivity was 37.77% at V1, 47.62% at V2 and 13.3% at V3. Conclusions The prevalence of treatment adherence changes over time. Indirect methods (dose/pill count and self-reported can be useful to detect non-adherence in COPD patients. The combination of MGT and BT is the best approach to test self-reported adherence.

Prados-Torres Daniel

2011-01-01

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Phase II clinical study of boron neutron capture therapy combined with X-ray radiotherapy/temozolomide in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme—Study design and current status report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recently, we reported our clinical experiences of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) for the newly diagnosed glioblastoma. The major differences of our protocol from the other past studies were simultaneous use of both sodium borocapate and boronophenylalanine, and combination with fractionated X-ray irradiation. These results showed the efficacy of combination therapy with external beam X-ray irradiation and BNCT. For our future study, we planned the multi-centric phase II clinical study for newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients in Japan (OSAKA-TRIBRAIN0902, NCT00974987).

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Phase II clinical study of boron neutron capture therapy combined with X-ray radiotherapy/temozolomide in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme-Study design and current status report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Recently, we reported our clinical experiences of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) for the newly diagnosed glioblastoma. The major differences of our protocol from the other past studies were simultaneous use of both sodium borocapate and boronophenylalanine, and combination with fractionated X-ray irradiation. These results showed the efficacy of combination therapy with external beam X-ray irradiation and BNCT. For our future study, we planned the multi-centric phase II clinical study for newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients in Japan (OSAKA-TRIBRAIN0902, NCT00974987).

Kawabata, Shinji, E-mail: neu046@poh.osaka-med.ac.jp [Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka Medical College, 2-7 Daigaku-Machi, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-8686 (Japan); Miyatake, Shin-Ichi; Hiramatsu, Ryo; Hirota, Yuki; Miyata, Shiro; Takekita, Yoko; Kuroiwa, Toshihiko [Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka Medical College, 2-7 Daigaku-Machi, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-8686 (Japan); Kirihata, Mitsunori [Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai, Osaka 599-8931 (Japan); Sakurai, Yoshinori; Maruhashi, Akira; Ono, Koji [Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, 2 Asashiro-Nishi, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka 590-0494 (Japan)

2011-12-15

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Clinical significance of combined determination of serum relevant inflammatory factors (TNF-?m, hs-CRP) and HbAlc contents in patients with newly diagnosed DM2  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To study the inter-relationship between the serum contents of TNF-?, hs-CRP and HbAlc in patients with newly diagnosed DM2. Methods: Serum TNF-?, hs-CRP (with RIA), glucose (with biochemistry) and HbAlc (with micro column cbromatograpy) contents were examlued in 50 patients with newly diagnosed DM2 before any treatment and 50 controls. Results: The serum contents of TNF-?, hs-CRP and HbAlc in patients with newly diagnosed DM2 were significantly higher than those in controls (P<0.001). Serum TNF-?, hs-CRP, HbAlc and glucose contents were mutually positively correlated (P<0.05). Conclusion: Serum TNF-?, hs-CRP and HbAlc contents were all significantly increased in patients with new]y diagnosed DM2, indicating participation of imflammatory factors in the development of diabetes. Combined determination of these parameters would be helpful for monitoring the progression of disease and outcome prediction. (authors)

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Smoking Habits Among Patients Diagnosed with Oral Lichen Planus  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Oral lichen planus (OLP is one of the most common dermatologic diseases that manifests in the oral cavity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between smoking habits and the clinical subtypes of OLP. Methods Oral findings and smoking data from 187 charts of OLP patients from an oral medicine clinic was reviewed and compared to data from 76 matched control patients. Results and Discussion Ninety-three patients were diagnosed with reticular OLP, 55 with atrophic and 39 with erosive forms of the disease. Symptomatic OLP occurred in 63.6% of patients. Fewer cases of reticular OLP were symptomatic than erosive OLP (p

Hasson-Kanfi Haya

2004-06-01

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Manejo clínico de pacientes con diagnóstico dual. Evaluación diagnóstica de los pacientes farmacodependientes que sufren de comorbilidad psiquiátrica / Clinical Management of Dually Diagnosed Patients. Diagnostic Evaluation of Drug Abuse and Dependence in Patients with Psychiatric Comorbidities  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: La coexistencia de trastornos psiquiátricos con abuso/dependencia al tabaco, alcohol y sustancias ilícitas es un problema de salud pública en el mundo. Esto ha generado grandes retos diagnósticos en situaciones clínicas donde tienden a sobreponerse ambas condiciones psicopatológicas y [...] que oscurecen el panorama de intervención terapéutica. Objetivos: Fomentar e implementar un adecuado diagnóstico de la patología dual en Colombia, a fin de encaminar al paciente por el tratamiento correcto en su proceso de rehabilitación. Método: Se buscó la literatura biomédica en los servidores de Medline, OVID, Proquest, Scielo y EMBASE, cruzando la expresión del MeSH diagnóstico dual con trastornos relacionados con el consumo de sustancias, tabacco y epidemiología, delimitando los resultados a los estudios clínicos, revisiones sistemáticas o metanálisis publicados en español o inglés en los últimos 25 años en la población farmacodependiente adulta. Resultados: Se encontraron 209 estudios que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión, de los cuales, de acuerdo con su resumen, se seleccionaron los 100 más relevantes. Conclusiones: La implementación rigurosa de estas guías diagnósticas debe encaminar al especialista en contacto con la población farmacodependiente a realizar el diagnóstico dual de forma más frecuente y certera, para que los pacientes obtengan mejores resultados y beneficios a largo plazo. Abstract in english Introduction: Dually Diagnosed Patients with major psychiatric disorders are considered an important public health issue worldwide. Objective: Our main goal was to establish practical guidelines for psychiatrists in charge of the treatment of dually diagnosed patients. Method: We searched the Biomed [...] ical Literature in Medline, OVID, Proquest, Scielo, and EMBASE for articles matching the Medical Subjects headings (MeSH) "Dual Diagnosis" with "Substance Related Disorders", "Tobacco", and "Epidemiology", limiting the results only to clinical trials, systematic reviews and meta-analysis published in the last 25 years in the adult addicted population. Results: We found 209 articles that met the initial inclusion criteria for the development of our clinical guidelines for dually diagnosed patients. All abstracts were carefully revised, and only 100 of the 209 articles were selected to be included in the main framework, based on their methodology and clinical significance of their results. Conclusions: Making a precise and accurate diagnosis of dual pathology in psychiatry should be the main goal of everyone involved in the care of patients with tobacco, substance and alcohol-related disorders. Due to the complexity of dual diagnosis, every patient with substance abuse and alcohol-related problems should received an adequate and structured screening during his initial clinical evaluation.

Juan Francisco, Gálvez Flórez; David Andrés, Rincón Salazar.

2008-09-01

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Manejo clínico de pacientes con diagnóstico dual. Evaluación diagnóstica de los pacientes farmacodependientes que sufren de comorbilidad psiquiátrica Clinical Management of Dually Diagnosed Patients. Diagnostic Evaluation of Drug Abuse and Dependence in Patients with Psychiatric Comorbidities  

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Full Text Available Introducción: La coexistencia de trastornos psiquiátricos con abuso/dependencia al tabaco, alcohol y sustancias ilícitas es un problema de salud pública en el mundo. Esto ha generado grandes retos diagnósticos en situaciones clínicas donde tienden a sobreponerse ambas condiciones psicopatológicas y que oscurecen el panorama de intervención terapéutica. Objetivos: Fomentar e implementar un adecuado diagnóstico de la patología dual en Colombia, a fin de encaminar al paciente por el tratamiento correcto en su proceso de rehabilitación. Método: Se buscó la literatura biomédica en los servidores de Medline, OVID, Proquest, Scielo y EMBASE, cruzando la expresión del MeSH diagnóstico dual con trastornos relacionados con el consumo de sustancias, tabacco y epidemiología, delimitando los resultados a los estudios clínicos, revisiones sistemáticas o metanálisis publicados en español o inglés en los últimos 25 años en la población farmacodependiente adulta. Resultados: Se encontraron 209 estudios que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión, de los cuales, de acuerdo con su resumen, se seleccionaron los 100 más relevantes. Conclusiones: La implementación rigurosa de estas guías diagnósticas debe encaminar al especialista en contacto con la población farmacodependiente a realizar el diagnóstico dual de forma más frecuente y certera, para que los pacientes obtengan mejores resultados y beneficios a largo plazo.Introduction: Dually Diagnosed Patients with major psychiatric disorders are considered an important public health issue worldwide. Objective: Our main goal was to establish practical guidelines for psychiatrists in charge of the treatment of dually diagnosed patients. Method: We searched the Biomedical Literature in Medline, OVID, Proquest, Scielo, and EMBASE for articles matching the Medical Subjects headings (MeSH "Dual Diagnosis" with "Substance Related Disorders", "Tobacco", and "Epidemiology", limiting the results only to clinical trials, systematic reviews and meta-analysis published in the last 25 years in the adult addicted population. Results: We found 209 articles that met the initial inclusion criteria for the development of our clinical guidelines for dually diagnosed patients. All abstracts were carefully revised, and only 100 of the 209 articles were selected to be included in the main framework, based on their methodology and clinical significance of their results. Conclusions: Making a precise and accurate diagnosis of dual pathology in psychiatry should be the main goal of everyone involved in the care of patients with tobacco, substance and alcohol-related disorders. Due to the complexity of dual diagnosis, every patient with substance abuse and alcohol-related problems should received an adequate and structured screening during his initial clinical evaluation.

Juan Francisco Gálvez Flórez

2008-09-01

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Similar clinical features among patients with severe adult growth hormone deficiency diagnosed with insulin tolerance test or arginine or glucagon stimulation tests  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

To determine whether insulin tolerance tests (ITTs), arginine stimulation tests (ASTs), and glucagon stimulation tests (GST) identify patients who have similar clinical features of growth hormone (GH) deficiency when a diagnostic GH threshold of 3 ?g/L is used.

Toogood, Andrew; Brabant, Georg

2012-01-01

52

Study on fatty liver diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography and clinical laboratory findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The study obtained the following conclusions by making a comparative study on fatty liver diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography and clinical laboratory findings. I surveyed the value of abdominal ultrasound in 400 patients without clinical symptoms at C Health Clinic Center, Seoul. Compare with blood pressure was high (systolic/diastolic) in 7.5%/4.5% on persons who were diagnosed fatty liver. At the time of the diagnosis, Total cholesterol level was increased in fatty liver patients, HDL-cholesterol level was high in fatty liver patients. And Trigryceride level was increased in fatty liver persons, LDL-cholesterol was high in fatty liver persons. SGOT level was increased in 5.5% on patients who were diagnosed fatty liver, 0% on persons who were normal and SGPT level was high in 29.5% on people who were diagnosed fatty liver, 0% on patients who were diagnosed normal

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Study on fatty liver diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography and clinical laboratory findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The study obtained the following conclusions by making a comparative study on fatty liver diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography and clinical laboratory findings. I surveyed the value of abdominal ultrasound in 400 patients without clinical symptoms at C Health Clinic Center, Seoul. Compare with blood pressure was high (systolic/diastolic) in 7.5%/4.5% on persons who were diagnosed fatty liver. At the time of the diagnosis, Total cholesterol level was increased in fatty liver patients, HDL-cholesterol level was high in fatty liver patients. And Trigryceride level was increased in fatty liver persons, LDL-cholesterol was high in fatty liver persons. SGOT level was increased in 5.5% on patients who were diagnosed fatty liver, 0% on persons who were normal and SGPT level was high in 29.5% on people who were diagnosed fatty liver, 0% on patients who were diagnosed normal.

Yang, Jeong Hwa [Cheju Halla College, Cheju (Korea, Republic of)

2006-03-15

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Different Pathophysiological Phenotypes among Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Patients  

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Type 2 diabetes (T2D) can be considered a syndrome with several different pathophysiological mechanisms leading to hyperglycemia. Nonetheless, T2D is treated according to algorithms as if it was one disease entity. Methods: We investigated the prevalence of different pathophysiological phenotypes among newly diagnosed T2D patients in Denmark. Based on baseline data from a Danish national cohort study we investigated 1048 incident diagnosed T2D patients. The diagnosis T2D was made by general practitioners based on clinical judgement. Phenotypes were classified in the following groups: latent autoimmune diabetes (LADA) (GAD antibody titer >= 20 IE/ml and not T1D), secondary diabetes (recent history of pancreatitis, pancreatectomy or pancreas amylase > 65U/l, and GAD negativity), steroid-induced diabetes (oral glucocorticoid-treated subjects), insulinopenic (f-P-C-peptide = 568 pmol/l) and a normoinsulinopenic group (333 <=c-peptid <=568 pmol/l). Results: Median age of our new T2D patients was 61 years (range 21-95 years), 57% were men. We found that 3.0% newly diagnosed T2D patients suffered from LADA, 3.9% from secondary diabetes, 6.0% from steroid induced diabetes 5.9% had insulinopenic diabetes, whereas 56.7% presented the classic obesity-associated insulin-resistant phenotype. 24.6% was classified as normoinsulinopenic patients. Conclusion: We conclude that newly diagnosed T2D patients represents several well-characterized pathophysiological phenotypes with various mechanisms of hyperglycemia. This should be taken into consideration when choosing the appropriate treatment for the individual patient diagnosed with T2D. We suggest to measure f-P-C-peptide, GAD antibodies and pancreas amylase in patients with newly diagnosed T2D.

Stidsen, Jacob

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Behavioral and psychosocial effects of rapid genetic counseling and testing in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients: design of a multicenter clinical trial  

OpenAIRE

Background It has been estimated that between 5% and 10% of women diagnosed with breast cancer have a hereditary form of the disease, primarily caused by a BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation. Such women have an increased risk of developing a new primary breast and/or ovarian tumor, and may therefore opt for preventive surgery (e.g., bilateral mastectomy, oophorectomy). It is common practice to offer high-risk patients genetic counseling and DNA testing after their primary treatment, with genetic...

Wevers, M. R.; Ausems, M. G. E. M.; Verhoef, S.; Bleiker, E. M. A.; Hahn, D. E. E.; Hogervorst, F. B. L.; Luijt, R. B.; Valdimarsdottir, H. B.; Hillegersberg, R.; Rotgers, E. J. T.; Aaronson, N. K.

2011-01-01

56

Self-assessed and clinically diagnosed periodontal health status among patients visiting the outpatient department of a dental school in Bangalore, India  

OpenAIRE

Background: The purpose of the present cross-sectional study was to assess the extent of agreement between clinical and self-assessed periodontal health status among patients visiting the outpatient department of M.S. Ramaiah Dental College, Bangalore, India. Materials and Methods: The study population included 216 patients aged between 20 and 44 years who attended the outpatient department of the M.S. Ramaiah Dental College, Bangalore. The study population was subjected to a...

Nagarajan Sripriya; Pushpanjali K

2008-01-01

57

A Clinical Pilot Study Comparing Sweet Bee Venom parallel treatment with only Acupuncture Treatment in patient diagnosed with lumbar spine sprain  

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Full Text Available Objectives: This study was carried out to compare the Sweet Bee Venom (referred to as Sweet BV hereafter acupuncture parallel treatment to treatment with acupuncture only for the patient diagnosed with lumbar spine sprain and find a better treatment. Methods: The subjects were patients diagnosed with lumbar spine sprain and hospitalized at Suncheon oriental medical hospital, which was randomly divided into sweet BV parallel treatment group and acupuncture-only group, and other treatment conditions were maintained the same. Then,VAS (Visual Analogue Scale was used to compare the difference in the treatment period between the two groups from VAS 10 to VAS 0, from VAS 10 to VAS 5, and from VAS 5 to VAS 0. Result & Conclusion: Sweet BV parallel treatment group and acupuncture-only treatment group were compared regarding the respective treatment period, and as the result, the treatment period from VAS 10 to VAS 5 was significantly reduced in sweet BV parallel treatment group compared to the acupuncture-only treatment group, but the treatment period from VAS 5 to VAS 0 did not show a significant difference. Therefore, it can be said that sweet BV parallel treatment is effective in shortening the treatment period and controlling early pain compared to acupuncture-only treatment.

Shin Yong-jeen

2011-06-01

58

Dasatinib induces fast and deep responses in newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukaemia patients in chronic phase: clinical results from a randomised phase-2 study (NordCML006).  

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We randomised 46 newly diagnosed patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (median age 56) to receive dasatinib 100 mg QD or imatinib 400 mg QD and report outcome as an intention-to-treat analysis with 36 months follow-up. Early cytogenetic and molecular responses were superior in the dasatinib group, with a tendency that imatinib patients caught up with time. For instance, MR(3.0) was reached at 3 months in 36% vs. 8% (P = 0.02), at 12 months in 81% vs. 46% (P = 0.02) and at 18 months in 73% vs. 65% (n.s.) of the patients in the two groups. In contrast, MR(4.5) was consistently superior in the dasatinib group at all time points from 6 months onwards, reaching 61% vs. 21% (P dasatinib and imatinib arms, respectively, remained on assigned drug. Dasatinib dose was frequently reduced, but with maintained excellent effect. One imatinib patient progressed to blastic phase, but no CML-related deaths occurred. In conclusion, our data compare favourably with those of the dasatinib registration study, DASISION. The fast and deep molecular responses induced by dasatinib compared with imatinib may be exploited to increase the proportion of patients who can achieve a treatment-free remission after treatment discontinuation. PMID:25082346

Hjorth-Hansen, Henrik; Stenke, Leif; Söderlund, Stina; Dreimane, Arta; Ehrencrona, Hans; Gedde-Dahl, Tobias; Gjertsen, Bjørn Tore; Höglund, Martin; Koskenvesa, Perttu; Lotfi, Kourosh; Majeed, Waleed; Markevärn, Berit; Ohm, Lotta; Olsson-Strömberg, Ulla; Remes, Kari; Suominen, Merja; Simonsson, Bengt; Porkka, Kimmo; Mustjoki, Satu; Richter, Johan

2014-08-01

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Epidemiological and clinical features, response to HAART, and survival in HIV-infected patients diagnosed at the age of 50 or more  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Over the last years, the mean age of subjects with HIV infection and AIDS is increasing. Moreover, some epidemiological and clinical differences between younger and older HIV-infected individuals have been observed. However, since introduction of HAART therapy, there are controversial results regarding their response to HAART. The aim of the present study is to evaluate epidemiological and clinical features, response to HAART, and survival in elderly HIV-infected patients with regard to younger HIV-infected patients. Methods A prospective cohort study (1998–2003 was performed on patients from Sabadell Hospital, in Northeast of Spain. The cohort includes newly attended HIV-infected patients since January 1, 1998. For the purpose of this analysis, data was censured at December 31, 2003. Taking into account age at time of diagnosis, it was considered 36 HIV-positive people aged 50 years or more (Group 1, G1 and 419 HIV-positive people aged 13–40 years (Group 2, G2. Epidemiological, clinical, biological and therapy data are recorded. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-squared test and Fisher exact test, Mann-Whitney U test, Kaplan-Meier, Log Rank test, and Two-Way ANOVA from random factors. Results G1 showed higher proportion of men than G2. The most common risk factors in G1 were heterosexual transmission (P = 0.01 and having sex with men or women (P P = 0.989 and virological response (P = 0.074. However, older people showed lower CD4 cell counts at first clinic visit (P P P Conclusion Older patients have different epidemiological features. Their immunological and virological responses are good. However, older patients do not achieve the same CD4 cell counts likely due to they have lower counts at first clinic visit. Thus, it is essential physicians know older HIV-infected patients features to consider the possibility of HIV infection in these patients with the aim of treatment would not be delayed.

Amengual MaJosé

2006-11-01

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The clinical value of prostate-specific antigen and bone scintigraphy in the staging of patients with newly diagnosed, pathologically proven prostate cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recent reports suggest that radionuclide bone scan (BS) may not be necessary in the standard staging evaluation of patients with prostate cancer when serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels are normal. To evaluate the ability of PSA to predict BS findings, we retrospectively reviewed the case records of 118 consecutive patients (median age 73 years, range 50-90 years) with newly diagnosed, untreated, pathologically proven prostate cancer who underwent BS and serum PSA sampling within a period of no more than 3 months. Fifty-four out of 118 BSs demonstrated metastatic bone disease. A PSA value of less then 10 ng/ml excluded bone metastasis; of 35 patients with a serum PSA level of 20 ng/ml or less, seven had a positive BS (negative predictive value of 80%). These findings provide additional confirmation of the value of low serum PSA concentrations in excluding the need for a staging BS, although the threshold for a high value of negative predictive accuracy is lower than previously reported. (orig.)

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Implementing screening for Lynch syndrome among patients with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer: summary of a public health/clinical collaborative meeting  

Science.gov (United States)

Lynch syndrome is the most common cause of inherited colorectal cancer, accounting for approximately 3% of all colorectal cancer cases in the United States. In 2009, an evidence-based review process conducted by the independent Evaluation of Genomic Applications in Practice and Prevention Working Group resulted in a recommendation to offer genetic testing for Lynch syndrome to all individuals with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer, with the intent of reducing morbidity and mortality in family members. To explore issues surrounding implementation of this recommendation, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention convened a multidisciplinary working group meeting in September 2010. This article reviews background information regarding screening for Lynch syndrome and summarizes existing clinical paradigms, potential implementation strategies, and conclusions which emerged from the meeting. It was recognized that widespread implementation will present substantial challenges, and additional data from pilot studies will be needed. However, evidence of feasibility and population health benefits and the advantages of considering a public health approach were acknowledged. Lynch syndrome can potentially serve as a model to facilitate the development and implementation of population-level programs for evidence-based genomic medicine applications involving follow-up testing of at-risk relatives. Such endeavors will require multilevel and multidisciplinary approaches building on collaborative public health and clinical partnerships. PMID:22237445

Bedrosian, Sara R.; Daniels, Elvan; Duquette, Debra; Hampel, Heather; Jasperson, Kory; Joseph, Djenaba A.; Kaye, Celia; Lubin, Ira; Meyer, Laurence J.; Reyes, Michele; Scheuner, Maren T.; Schully, Sheri D.; Senter, Leigha; Stewart, Sherri L.; Pierre, Jeanette St.; Westman, Judith; Wise, Paul; Yang, Vincent W.; Khoury, Muin J.

2013-01-01

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Clinical updates on diagnosing glutensensitive enteropathy  

OpenAIRE

In the last twenty years serology for the diagnosis of coeliac disease has improved substantially. As the result of our serological studies in 1998 we proposed a gentle, low-risk, and cost effective algorithm for diagnosing various forms of gluten sensitive enteropathy, using a combination of different antibody determinations, namely IgA Endomysium antibodies (EMA), Tissue-transglutaminase antibodies (IgA anti tTG, IgG anti tTG), IgA-and IgG antigliadin-antibodies. Performing routinely serolo...

Faruk Hadziselimovic; Annemarie Bürgin-Wolff

2011-01-01

63

[Clinical guidelines for diagnosing, treatment and monitoring patients with prostate cancer--Croatian Oncology Society and Croatian Urology Society, Croatian Medical Association].  

Science.gov (United States)

Prostate adenocarcinoma is the second most common solid neoplasm in male population in Croatia. It rarely causes symptoms unless it is advanced. The finding of PSA rise is the most common reason for diagnostic workout. Treatment plan is based on TNM classification, Gleason score and PSA. Clinically localized disease is successfully treated by radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy with or without hormonal therapy. Locally advanced disease is treated with radiotherapy and hormonal therapy. Metastatic disease can be controlled for many years by androgen deprivation. For castration resistant disease appropriate treatment is chemotherapy or secondary hormonal therapy. The following paper presents the clinical guidelines in order to standardize procedures and criteria for the diagnosis, management, management, treatment and monitoring of patients with prostate cancer in the Republic of Croatia. PMID:24490329

Solari?, Mladen; Grgi?, Mislav; Omrcen, Tomislav; Petkovi?, Marija; Fröbe, Ana; Belaj, Nenad; Zorica, Robert; Kruslin, Bozo; Dordevi?, Gordana; Kastelan, Zeljko; Ruzi?, Boris; Gilja, Ivan; Krolo, Ivan; Vilovi?, Katarina; Librenjak, Davor; Vrdoljak, Eduard; Situm, Marijan; Padovan, Ranka Stern; Vojnovi?, Zeljko

2013-01-01

64

[Clinical guidelines for diagnosing, treatment and monitoring patients with testicular cancer--Croatian Oncology Society and Croatian Urology Society, Croatian Medical Association].  

Science.gov (United States)

Testicular tumors are the most common solid tumors in men between 15 and 34 years of age. The worldwide incidence of these tumors has doubled in the past 40 years. Germ cell tumors comprise 95% of malignant tumors arising in the testes and they are classified either as seminoma or nonseminoma. Testicular cancers have a high cure rates even in disseminated stage of the disease. The chemotherapy mostly contributed to these results but surgery is an inevitable part of successful treatment. In a significant number of these patients treatment algorithms with minimum side effects are designed with the intention to maintain same cure rates as previously used, more aggressive therapy. The following text presents the clinical guidelines in order to standardize the procedures and criteria for diagnosis, management, treatment and follow-up of patients with testicular cancer in Republic of Croatia. PMID:24490327

Grgi?, Mislav; Bolanca, Ante; Ledina, Dubravka; Gugi?, Damir; Solari?, Mladen; Omrcen, Tomislav; Zorica, Robert; Gali?, Josip; Trnski, Davor; Pasini, Josip; Padovan, Ranka Stern; Petkovic, Marija; Balenovi?, Antonija; Jureti?, Antonio; Kastelan, Zeljko; Gamulin, Marija

2013-01-01

65

[Clinical guidelines for diagnosing, treatment and monitoring patients with bladder cancer--Croatian Oncology Society and Croatian Urology Society, Croatian Medical Association].  

Science.gov (United States)

Urothelial cancer is the most common bladder cancer. Hematuria is the most common presenting symptom in patients with bladder cancer. The most common diagnostics of bladder cancer is performed by transurethral resection of bladder after which pathohistological diagnosis is set. It is necessary to determine whether the cancer penetrated in muscle layer (muscle-invasive cancer) or not (muscle-noninvasive cancer). Decision on therapeutic modality depends on the clinical stage of disease and on prognostic and risk factors. For muscle non-invasive bladder cancer transurethral resection is preferred with or without intravesical instillation of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG). For invasive cancer the method of choice is radical cystectomy. Radiotherapy is used in radical and palliative purposes. Metastatic disease is most frequently treated by chemotherapy metotrexate/vinblastine/doxorubicine/cisplatin (MVAC) or gemcitabine/cisplatin (GC). The purpose of this article is to present clinical recommendations to set standards of procedures and criteria in diagnostics, treatment and follow up of patients with bladder cancer in the Republic of Croatia. PMID:24490328

Gamulin, Marija; Ruzi?, Ira Pavlovi?; Grgi?, Mislav; Jazvi?, Marijana; Solari?, Mladen; Zahirovi?, Dag; Zorica, Robert; Omrcen, Tomislav; Petkovi?, Marija; Mati?, Mate; Fuckar, Zeljko; Ruzi?, Boris; Pasini, Josip; Situm, Marijan; Dordevi?, Gordana; Mileti?, Damir; Tadi?, Tade; Kastelan, Zeljko; Librenjak, Davor; Gilja, Ivan; Vilovi?, Katarina; Kruslin, Bozo; Kuvezdi?, Hrvoje

2013-01-01

66

Self-assessed and clinically diagnosed periodontal health status among patients visiting the outpatient department of a dental school in Bangalore, India  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The purpose of the present cross-sectional study was to assess the extent of agreement between clinical and self-assessed periodontal health status among patients visiting the outpatient department of M.S. Ramaiah Dental College, Bangalore, India. Materials and Methods: The study population included 216 patients aged between 20 and 44 years who attended the outpatient department of the M.S. Ramaiah Dental College, Bangalore. The study population was subjected to a self-administered questionnaire (questions regarding bleeding gums, deposits on teeth, receding gums, swelling of gums, loose teeth, which was followed by periodontal examination. The clinical examination included an assessment of the periodontal condition, using the criteria of Loe and Silness Gingival Index, the Community Periodontal Index, and Mobility, respectively. Conclusion: The present study showed that the perceived periodontal health status was low and the discrepancy between the subjectively and objectively assessed needs was very distinct. The awareness of the periodontal problems has been reported to increase with increasing severity of the disease due to the destructive changes that set in.

Nagarajan Sripriya

2008-01-01

67

The clinical implications of placental diagnoses.  

Science.gov (United States)

The clinical utility of placental pathology is both overestimated and underestimated, and the overall quality of placental pathology reporting, even at major medical centers, is highly variable. Clear benefits of examining placentas include the immediate diagnosis of treatable conditions in both the mother and the infant, clarification of the underlying etiology of adverse pregnancy outcomes, estimation of recurrence risk, and guidance for the management of future pregnancies. In order to realize these benefits and get the most out of their pathology departments, it is critical for clinicians to understand the range and implications of placental lesions. This article will review the nomenclature, diagnostic criteria and pitfalls, and clinical significance of seven common placental disease processes and a handful of other lesions. PMID:25455619

Redline, Raymond W

2015-02-01

68

A 2.84 Mb deletion at 21q22.11 in a patient clinically diagnosed with Marden-Walker syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a girl with the characteristic clinical picture associated with Marden-Walker syndrome (MWS; OMIM 248700), including mask-like face with blepharophimosis, joint contractures, intellectual disability, a multicystic dysplastic kidney and cerebral dysgenesis. The long-term follow-up allowed us to monitor the evolution of the phenotype in this patient, and among the main findings we highlight the following: demyelination of the pyramidal tract demonstrated by transcranial magnetic stimulation and the involvement of the levator muscles of angle of mouth in fixed facial expression with relative integrity of the rest of the facial expression muscles. A 244 k array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) was carried out and showed a de novo interstitial deletion of approximately 2.84 Mb affecting only the cytoband 21q22.11 (genome coordinates chr21:31,874,016-34,711,763). We selected 10 of the most recent published cases with either total or partial deletions of cytoband 21q22.11 that provided good characterization of the genomic size or the genes in the deleted regions. We observed that in nine of the 10 cases the deleted regions included the RUNX1 gene in 21q22.12, which is not affected in the current patient's deletion or in that of Patient 3 from Roberson et al. [2011]. After a comparison of shared deleted genes between cases, and correlation of their potential phenotypes, we concluded that the pattern of defects considered for a diagnosis of MWS may represent part of the phenotypic expression of a partial or total deletion of 21q22.11. PMID:23894067

Carrascosa-Romero, María Carmen; Suela, Javier; Pardal-Fernández, José Manuel; Bermejo-Sánchez, Eva; Vidal-Company, Alberto; MacDonald, Alexandra; Tébar-Gil, Roque; Martínez-Fernández, María Luisa; Martínez-Frías, María Luisa

2013-09-01

69

Do all patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer need staging radionuclide bone scan? a retrospective study  

OpenAIRE

PURPOSE: Define a group of patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer, whose risk of bone metastasis is low enough to omit a bone scan staging study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2003 to 2009, the medical records of patients who were newly diagnosed with prostate cancer were retrospectively reviewed. The data collected included: age, digital rectal examination, serum prostate specific antigen (PSA), Gleason score, clinical T stage, and bone isotope scan. Patients were divided into two group...

Al-ghazo, Mohammed A.; Ghalayini, Ibrahim F.; Al-azab, Rami S.; Ibrahim Bani-Hani; Alaa Barham; Yazan Haddad

2010-01-01

70

Clinical and economic analysis of hospital acquired infections in patients diagnosed with brain tumor in a tertiary hospital / Análisis clínico económico de las infecciones nosocomiales en los pacientes diagnosticados de tumoración cerebral en un hospital terciario  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Analizar la relación entre la presencia de infección nosocomial y el resultado clínico final, la duración de la estancia y el coste del episodio en los pacientes diagnosticados de tumoración cerebral en nuestro servicio. Material y método: Realizamos un estudio retrospectivo incluyendo lo [...] s pacientes ingresados en el Servicio de Neurocirugía del Hospital Universitario de Cruces con diagnostico de tumoración cerebral en el periodo comprendido entre el 1-1-2007 y el 31-12 del 2007. Recogimos variables demográficas, los microorganismos responsables y la localización de las distintas infecciones, el tiempo de ingreso y los costes de los distintos procedimientos médicos y quirúrgicos realizados. Resultados: Recogimos 139 pacientes, que acumularon un total de 210 episodios. Encontramos la presencia de infecciones nosocomiales en 34 episodios (16,25%). La localización mas frecuente fue la respiratoria, seguida del tracto urinario y la infección de herida quirúrgica. Encontramos unas diferencias significativas en la situación funcional al alta (sig Abstract in english Objectives: To analyze the relationship between hospital acquired infections and clinical outcomes, duration of stay, and cost per infectious episode in patients diagnosed with brain tumors in our service. Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective study on patients diagnosed with brain tum [...] ors and admitted to the department of neurosurgery in the Cruces Hospital of the University of the Basque Country between January 1st, 2007 and December 31st, 2007. We collected demographics, responsible pathogens, infection location, length of hospitalization, and costs of various medical and surgical procedures performed. Results: We reviewed 139 patients that accumulated 210 hospital visits. We found 34 episodes of hospital acquired infections (16.25% of patients). The most frequent infections were that of the lower respiratory tract, urinary tract, and surgical site. We found that patients with HAIs had a significantly lower final KPS score (sig

J., Undabeitia; B.G., Liu; G., Catalán; G., Bilbao; I., Pomposo; J.M., Garibi.

2011-12-01

71

Implementing screening for Lynch syndrome among patients with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer: summary of a public health/clinical collaborative meeting  

OpenAIRE

Lynch syndrome is the most common cause of inherited colorectal cancer, accounting for approximately 3% of all colorectal cancer cases in the United States. In 2009, an evidence-based review process conducted by the independent Evaluation of Genomic Applications in Practice and Prevention Working Group resulted in a recommendation to offer genetic testing for Lynch syndrome to all individuals with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer, with the intent of reducing morbidity and mortality in family...

Bellcross, Cecelia A.; Bedrosian, Sara R.; Daniels, Elvan; Duquette, Debra; Hampel, Heather; Jasperson, Kory; Joseph, Djenaba A.; Kaye, Celia; Lubin, Ira; Meyer, Laurence J.; Reyes, Michele; Scheuner, Maren T.; Schully, Sheri D.; Senter, Leigha; Stewart, Sherri L.

2011-01-01

72

Lifestyle and clinical factors associated with elevated C-reactive protein among newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients : a cross-sectional study from the nationwide DD2 cohort  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine the prevalence of and modifiable factors associated with elevated C-reactive Protein (CRP), a marker of inflammation, in men and women with newly diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (DM) in a population-based setting. METHODS: CRP was measured in 1,037 patients (57% male) with newly diagnosed Type 2 DM included in the prospective nationwide Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) project. We assessed the prevalence of elevated CRP and calculated relative risks (RR) examining the association of CRP with lifestyle and clinical factors by Poisson regression, stratified by gender. We used linear regression to examine the association of CRP with other biomarkers. RESULTS: The median CRP value was 2.1 mg/L (interquartile range, 1.0 - 4.8 mg/L). In total, 405 out of the 1,037 Type 2 DM patients (40%) had elevated CRP levels (>3.0 mg/L). More women (46%) than men (34%) had elevated CRP. Among women, a lower risk of elevated CRP was observed in patients receiving statins (adjusted RR (aRR) 0.7 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.6-0.9)), whereas a higher risk was seen in patients with central obesity (aRR 2.3 (95% CI 1.0-5.3)). For men, CRP was primarily elevated among patients with no regular physical activity (aRR 1.5 (95% CI 1.1-1.9)), previous cardiovascular disease (aRR1.5 (95% CI 1.2-1.9) and other comorbidity. For both genders, elevated CRP was 1.4-fold increased in those with weight gain >30 kg since age 20 years. Sensitivity analyses showed consistent results with the full analysis. The linear regression analysis conveyed an association between high CRP and increased fasting blood glucose. CONCLUSIONS: Among newly diagnosed Type 2 DM patients, 40% had elevated CRP levels. Important modifiable risk factors for elevated CRP may vary by gender, and include low physical activity for men and central obesity and absence of statin use for women.

Svensson, Elisabeth; Mor, Anil

2014-01-01

73

Evaluation of combined, conservative treatment impact on the clinical course, blood flow parameters and muscle perfusion in the group of patients with newly diagnosed, untreated peripheral arterial disease (PAD)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Epidemiological studies determined incidence of obliterative atherosclerosis as ranging between 2.45 -10 %. The course of disease is often asymptomatic and demonstration of symptoms occurs when vascular lesions are significantly advanced. This article discusses conservative treatment of patients with PAD whose key complaint was intermittent claudication. The Authors proposed multi-stage treatment regimen of this disease including lifestyle modification, treatment of comorbid disorders, and pharmacotherapy (aspirin, pentoxifylline, buflomedil, L-arginine). The study evaluated influence of 6-month treatment on clinical course, blood flow parameters as well as muscle perfusion. Material/Methods: The participants included 35 patients (14 women - 40.0 %, and 21 men - 60.0 %) aged from 49 to 80 (mean age 68.37 ± 10.25 years) first time in life diagnosed with PAD. Physical examination, standard vascular tests (ankle-brachial, thigh-ankle and thigh-shin indices, maximum flow velocity, PI and RI in selected arteries), perfusion scintigraphy of lower limbs muscles at rest and on exertion were carried out before and after 6 months of treatment. Results: Statistically significant increase of total walking distance (198.0 meters vs. 330.0 meters, p< 0.01) and improvement in average values of perfusion indices of all studied areas were detected at rest and after exercise. For shin perfusion index at rest (right and left) and for thigh perfusion index after exercise (ri thigh perfusion index after exercise (right) the difference was statistically significant at p< 0.05. Conclusions: Combined medical treatment brought on positive effect on patients suffering from recently diagnosed, thus not yet treated atherosclerotic lower limb ischaemia of IIA and IIB stages according to Fontaines scale. (authors)

74

Patients Diagnosed With Severe Adult GH Deficiency Using The Insulin Tolerance Test, Arginine Or Glucagon Stimulation Tests Share Similar Clinical Features  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective: To determine whether the ITT, arginine (AST) and glucagon stimulation tests (GST) identify patients who have similar features of GH deficiency using a diagnostic threshold of 3 µg/l.Patients and Methods: 5453 tests were available from 4,867 patients registered in the KIMS database (49.9% females, ITT = 3111, AST = 1390, GST = 952). Comparisons were made for GH peak, BMI, lipids, waist circumference, waist:hip ratio and quality of life (QoL-AGHDA questionnaire).Results. There were significant (p

Toogood, Andy; Brabant, Georg

2011-01-01

75

The Value of Laboratory Tests in Diagnosing Secondary Osteoporosis at a Fracture and Osteoporosis Outpatient Clinic  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: As more and more patients meeting the criteria for osteoporosis are referred to a fracture and osteoporosis outpatient clinic (FO clinic), the laboratory costs to screen for secondary osteoporosis also increases. This study was conducted to determine the value of screening on underlying diseases at an FO clinic by obtaining a standard set of laboratory tests. Methods: We included all 541 patients ?50 years with a fracture referred to our FO clinic, during the period January 2005 to January 2007. The bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and expressed as a T score. A standard set of laboratory tests was obtained to screen on underlying diseases. Results: Laboratory results were as often abnormal in patients with a normal BMD compared to patients with a low BMD. Underlying diseases were infrequently diagnosed. However, the prevalence of secondary osteoporosis in men was quite high, up to 18.2%. The costs to diagnose 1 patient with an underlying disease did vary between €92 and €972 depending on the group of patients described. Conclusion: Screening all patients, referred to an FO clinic, for underlying diseases by obtaining a standard set of laboratory tests is probably not useful since laboratory tests are as often abnormal in patients with a normal BMD compared to patients with a low BMD. Moreover, the prevalence of secondary osteoporosis is low, while laboratory costs are substantial. PMID:24093077

de Klerk, Gijs; Hegeman, J. Han; van der Velde, Detlef; van der Palen, Job; van Bergeijk, Leo; Duis, Henk J. ten

2013-01-01

76

Evaluation of Patients With Brain Tumors According to International NANDA Nursing Diagnoses: Care Suggestions  

OpenAIRE

Aim: This research is designed to be cross-sectional with the purpose of identifying post operative early and late nursing diagnoses of the patients with brain tumor. Nurses' knowledge about the possible post-operative nursing diagnoses and directing the care accordingly ensure prevention of some possible post-operative complications.Methods: The research was carried out with the patients hospitalized at Brain Surgery intensive care unit and clinic in Ege University School of Medicine between...

Ozbayir, Turkan; Totur, Burcu; Ilce, Arzu

2010-01-01

77

Incidence of Captopril–Induced Cough in Newly Diagnosed Hypertensive Patients: Incidence in an Outpatient Medical Clinic Population in Iran in 2011-2012  

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Results: The overall incidence of captopril-induced cough was 15.5%, with a significant difference between females and males and obviously a higher rate in females (P=0.017. In addition, cough was significantly more common in females than males in 36- to 45-year-old group (46.42% vs. 24.71%. The incidence of cough after treatment with captopril decreased by increasing age of patients and this reduction in both male and female patients was statistically significant (P

Javad Azimivaghar

2014-08-01

78

Repeated Aspergillus isolation in respiratory samples from non-immunocompromised patients not selected based on clinical diagnoses: colonisation or infection?  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Isolation of Aspergillus from lower respiratory samples is associated with colonisation in high percentage of cases, making it of unclear significance. This study explored factors associated with diagnosis (infection vs. colonisation), treatment (administration or not of antifungals) and prognosis (mortality) in non-transplant/non-neutropenic patients showing repeated isolation of Aspergillus from lower respiratory samples. Methods...

Barberan Jose; Alcazar Bernardino; Malmierca Eduardo; Garcia de la Llana Francisco; Dorca Jordi; del Castillo Daniel; Villena Victoria; Hernandez-Febles Melissa; Garcia-Perez Francisco-Javier; Granizo Juan-Jose; Gimenez Maria-Jose; Aguilar Lorenzo

2012-01-01

79

Estudo clínico e laboratorial de pacientes com artrite reumatoide diagnosticados em serviços de reumatologia em Cascavel, PR, Brasil / Clinical and laboratory features of patients with rheumatoid arthritis diagnosed at rheumatology services in the Brazilian municipality of Cascavel, PR, Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Estudos epidemiológicos brasileiros sobre artrite reumatoide são bastante escassos, e os dados existentes hoje são majoritariamente de literatura internacional. OBJETIVOS: Determinar a incidência e algumas características clínicas e laboratoriais de pacientes com artrite reumatoide em Ca [...] scavel, PR, Brasil. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Os dados foram coletados entre agosto de 2010 e julho de 2011 em todos os serviços de saúde do município que possuíam atendimento na especialidade de reumatologia: um hospital universitário, o Centro Regional de Especialidades do Consórcio Intermunicipal de Saúde do Oeste do Paraná (CRE-CISOP) e quatro clínicas privadas da cidade. RESULTADOS: Foram identificados 38 pacientes com diagnóstico de artrite reumatoide, resultando em uma incidência estimada de 13,4 casos/100.000 habitantes/ano. Trinta e dois pacientes eram do gênero feminino, com média de idade de 47,6 anos. A faixa etária com maior incidência foi > 40 anos. O tempo médio entre os primeiros sintomas e o diagnóstico foi de 12,4 meses. O fator reumatoide foi positivo em 68,4% dos casos, e 18,4% já apresentavam alterações radiológicas no momento do diagnóstico. O tratamento farmacológico dos pacientes também foi avaliado e mostrou estar de acordo com o encontrado na literatura. CONCLUSÃO: A incidência de artrite reumatoide obtida em Cascavel está abaixo das incidências observadas em estudos internacionais. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Brazilian epidemiological studies on rheumatoid arthritis are scarce, thus all data currently available originate from the international literature. OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and some clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with rheumatoid arthritis in the muni [...] cipality of Cascavel, state of Paraná, Brazil. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected between August 2010 and July 2011 in all health services of the municipality of Cascavel that provided health care in Rheumatology: a university-affiliated hospital, a public outpatient clinic and four private clinics. RESULTS: We identified 38 patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, resulting in an estimated incidence of 13.4 cases per 100,000 inhabitants/year. Thirty two patients were females, whose mean age was 47.6 years. The age group with the highest incidence was over 40 years. The mean time between first symptoms and diagnosis was 12.4 months. Rheumatoid factor was positive in 68.4% of the patients, and 18.4% already had radiological abnormalities at diagnosis. The pharmacological treatment of patients was also assessed and proved to be in accordance with those found in the literature. CONCLUSION: The incidence of rheumatoid arthritis obtained in the municipality of Cascavel was lower than those reported in international studies.

Juliano Maximiano, David; Rodrigo Antonio, Mattei; Juliana Lustoza, Mauad; Lauren Gabrielle de, Almeida; Márcio Augusto, Nogueira; Poliana Vieira da Silva, Menolli; Rafael Andrade, Menolli.

2013-02-01

80

Clinical application of multislice CT angiogram in diagnosing celiac artery aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the clinical application of multislice CT angiogram (MSCTA) in diagnosing celiac artery aneurysm. Methods: MSCTA of 13 patients with celiac artery aneurysm was analyzed retrospectively. Abdominal MSCTA with volume rendering (VR), multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) and maximum intensity projection (MIP) was performed on all patients. Results: The location, shape, extent, wall of the 13 aneurysms and their relationship to the adjacent vessels were clearly and accurately shown by VR, MIP and MPR. Conclusion: With high sensitivity and specificity, MSCTA is the investigation of choice for diagnosing celiac artery aneurysm. (authors)

81

Rhombencephalosynapsis diagnosed in childhood: clinical and MRI findings.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rhombencephalosynapsis (RES) is a rare cerebellar malformation of unknown etiology characterized by vermal agenesis or hypogenesis, fusion of hemispheres and the dentate nuclei. Clinical presentation and prognosis are extremely variable and generally depends one the associated supratentorial anomalies. We report the first Tunisian case of RES diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a 3.5-year-old boy born to consanguineous parents. The child had spastic diplegia, facial dysmorphia, skeletal anomalies and normal intellectual development. Additional supratentorial anomalies were agenesis of septum pellucidum, moderate hydrocephalus and hypogenesis of corpus callosum. In this paper, the clinical and MRI findings and possible pathogenesis of this disorder are discussed. PMID:17097321

Chemli, Jalel; Abroug, Mejdi; Tlili, Kalthoum; Harbi, Abdelaziz

2007-01-01

82

Characteristics Of Patients Assigned Multiple Nonthreatening Medical Diagnoses  

OpenAIRE

Background: Medical diagnoses can be separated on the basis of whether or not they are associated with significant 1-year mortality risk, i.e., “threatening” versus “nonthreatening,” by employing the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). The author examined the psychosocial characteristics and medical utilization patterns of patients assigned multiple nonthreatening medical diagnoses.

Gregory, Robert J.

2001-01-01

83

Influência das concavidades radiculares nas perdas clínicas de inserção, detectadas no exame clínico periodontal inicial The influence of root concavities on clinical attachment loss diagnosed at the initial evaluation of periodontal patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O propósito deste estudo foi estabelecer a influência das concavidades radiculares na perda clínica de inserção (PCI diagnosticada no exame clínico periodontal inicial. Os dados de PCI foram obtidos dos primeiros e segundos pré-molares, caninos, incisivos laterais e centrais superiores e inferiores, de 163 pacientes. Os dados foram coletados das fichas periodontais dos pacientes que procuraram a Clínica do curso de Pós-Graduação em Periodontia da FOUSP. Foi realizada sondagem em todos os dentes para que se obtivesse as seguintes medidas: distância da linha esmalte cemento à margem gengival, profundidade clínica de sondagem (PCS nos sítios distovestibular (DV, centrovestibular (CV, mesiovestibular (MV, distolingual (DL, centrolingual (CL e mesiolingual (ML. Os dados foram incluídos no estudo quando pelo menos um dos sítios apresentasse PCI ³ 4 mm. Após a análise estatística (Friedman ANOVA test CV e CL mostraram valores de PCI estatisticamente menores para todos os dentes superiores e inferiores. Clinicamente CV mostrou os menores valores de perda clínica de inserção entre todos os dentes analisados, seguido de CL. Embora, baseados em nossos resultados, não exista correlação estatística entre PCI e a presença de concavidades radiculares, não podemos subestimar as últimas no exame clínico inicial, diagnóstico, prognóstico, planejamento cirúrgico e na fase de controle e manutenção do tratamento periodontal.The purpose of this study was to establish the influence of root concavities on clinical attachment loss (CAL that was diagnosed at the initial evaluation of periodontal patients. CAL data were analyzed in the following teeth of 163 patients: upper and lower second and first bicuspids, cuspids, lateral and central incisors. Data were retrieved from the initial dental chart of patients seeking treatment at the Periodontics Graduate Clinic, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo. Probing was accomplished in every tooth. The following measurements were recorded: CEJ-GM, PD and CAL. PD was performed at 6 sites: mesial-buccal (MB, central-buccal (CB, distal-buccal (DB, mesial-lingual (ML, central-lingual (CL and distal-lingual (DL. Data from all teeth present were included when, at least, one site with CAL ³ 4mm was observed. After statistical analysis (Friedman and Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA tests CB and CL sites showed CAL values statistically lower for all upper teeth and for lower first bicuspid, cuspid and lateral incisors. Clinically, CB showed the lowest CAL values in every analyzed teeth, which was followed by CL. The presence of root concavities should not be underestimated either during clinical examination, diagnosis, prognosis, surgical or supportive periodontal treatment. Nevertheless, based on our results, it was not possible to assure that the differences found in CAL values were due to root concavities.

Francisco Emilio PUSTIGLIONI

1999-12-01

84

Leiomyomas and massive digestive hemorrhages: Case reports of patients diagnosed in 2004  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: During 2004, there were 6 patients with leiomyomas diagnosed and treated at the Department of Gastroenterology and Clinical Pathology of the Zemun Clinical Center. The most common location of these benign submucosal tumors is stomach, followed by small intestine and large intestine. Case report: The most common symptoms of these patients were massive intestinal hemorrhage, with haematemesis and melaena. Hemorrhages resulted from superficial lesions, caused by pressure of the tum...

Golubovi? Gradimir; ?eleketi? Dušica; Kiurski Milosav; Tomaševi? Ratko; Stankovi? Dragana; Pavlovi? Aleksandar

2007-01-01

85

Diagnósticos clínicos al ingreso y al egreso de pacientes hospitalizados en Medicina Interna, Geriatría e Infecciosos / Clinical diagnoses in admission and in discharge of patients admitted to Internal Medicine, Geriatrics and Infection wards  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish A partir de asumir que una coincidencia entre el diagnóstico inicial al ingreso y el definitivo al egreso, refleja alta calidad en el cumplimiento de ese paso esencial del método clínico, se revisaron los resultados de dos series de pacientes hospitalizados en Medicina Interna, Geriatría e Infeccios [...] os, para precisar factores asociados con dicha correspondencia. Se constató total coincidencia en más de las dos terceras partes de los casos, con porcentajes elevados en los más jóvenes, los que tuvieron menor estadía y los que ingresaron en el horario de las guardias. Se destacan los altos valores para enfermedades respiratorias e infecciosas y más bajos para diagnósticos menos precisos, como anemias, síntomas y signos mal definidos y para los ingresados en Geriatría. Se hacen consideraciones sobre el error diagnóstico y la trascendencia de estos resultados para los pacientes y la organización de la atención hospitalaria. Abstract in english The assumption that there is a coincidence between the initial diagnosis at admission and the definite at discharge reflects a high quality in fulfillment of this essential step of clinical method. Results from two series of patients admitted in Internal Medicine, Geriatrics and infectiuos diseases [...] departments were reviewed to specify exactly the factors associated with such correspondence. Authors verified the total coincidence in more than the two third of cases with high percentages in younger, which had a minor stage and those admitted in the medical duty times. Emphasized are the higher values for the respiratory and infectious diseases and lower for fewer accurate diagnoses including anemias, ill-defined symptoms and signs and for those admitted in Geriatrics department. We took into account on the diagnostic error and the importance of these results for patients and the organization of hospital care.

Alfredo D, Espinosa Brito; Benigno, Figueiras Ramos; Juan D, Rivero Berovides; Luis G, del Sol Padrón; Moisés A, Santos Peña; Maikel, Rocha Quintana.

2010-06-01

86

Quality of venous thromboembolism diagnoses among prostate cancer patients in the Danish National Registry of Patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aska Drljevic,1 Michael Borre,2 Morten Høyer,3 Vera Ehrenstein,4 Mary Nguyen-Nielsen4 1Department of Pharmacology, 2Department of Urology, 3Department of Oncology, 4Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark Background and aim: It is well established that cancer patients have an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE. However, no previous study has examined the quality of VTE diagnoses related to cancer patients in the Danish National Registry of Patients (DNRP. To support future studies on cancer and risk of VTE, this study aimed to estimate the positive predictive value (PPV of VTE diagnoses among prostate cancer (PC patients registered in the DNRP. Materials and methods: We conducted a validation study using data from hospitals within the Central Denmark Region, which covers a population of 1.3 million people. Using the DNRP, we identified a total of 120 PC patients registered with VTE within the period 1995–2012. We also identified a random sample of 120 PC patients with no VTE registration within the same period. Therefore, a total of 240 patients were selected for medical chart review. We compared data from the DNRP to data collected from medical record review (ie, reference standard. We then computed PPV, sensitivity, and specificity with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs using the Jeffreys method. Results: The final study sample included 232 PC patients, of which 115 were registered with VTE and 117 had no registration of VTE in the DNRP. We found the overall PPV of VTE diagnoses in the DNRP to be 86.1% (95% CI 78.9%–91.5%. Sensitivity was 98.0% (95% CI 93.8%–99.6%, and specificity was 87.8% (95% CI 81.4%–92.6%. We also found the PPV of incident PC diagnoses in the DNRP to be 98.3% (95% CI 96.1%–99.4%. Conclusion: For PC patients, the registration of VTE diagnoses in the DNRP is associated with a high PPV. We provide evidence that data from the DNRP are valid for studies on risk of VTE among cancer patients. Keywords: positive predictive value, prostatic neoplasms, validation study, venous thromboembolism

Drljevic A

2014-10-01

87

Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia in a 29 years old Ethiopian patient, diagnosed using clinicopathologic correlation.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia in a 29 years old female Ethiopian patient. This case was diagnosed by establishing a clinicopathologic correlation. This is the first case of its kind ever reported in Ethiopia. The clinical features, dermatohistopathological findings, and treatment options are discussed with review of literature. PMID:19743800

Temam, Fuad; Bizuneh, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

88

Influência das concavidades radiculares nas perdas clínicas de inserção, detectadas no exame clínico periodontal inicial / The influence of root concavities on clinical attachment loss diagnosed at the initial evaluation of periodontal patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O propósito deste estudo foi estabelecer a influência das concavidades radiculares na perda clínica de inserção (PCI) diagnosticada no exame clínico periodontal inicial. Os dados de PCI foram obtidos dos primeiros e segundos pré-molares, caninos, incisivos laterais e centrais superiores e inferiores [...] , de 163 pacientes. Os dados foram coletados das fichas periodontais dos pacientes que procuraram a Clínica do curso de Pós-Graduação em Periodontia da FOUSP. Foi realizada sondagem em todos os dentes para que se obtivesse as seguintes medidas: distância da linha esmalte cemento à margem gengival, profundidade clínica de sondagem (PCS) nos sítios distovestibular (DV), centrovestibular (CV), mesiovestibular (MV), distolingual (DL), centrolingual (CL) e mesiolingual (ML). Os dados foram incluídos no estudo quando pelo menos um dos sítios apresentasse PCI ³ 4 mm. Após a análise estatística (Friedman ANOVA test) CV e CL mostraram valores de PCI estatisticamente menores para todos os dentes superiores e inferiores. Clinicamente CV mostrou os menores valores de perda clínica de inserção entre todos os dentes analisados, seguido de CL. Embora, baseados em nossos resultados, não exista correlação estatística entre PCI e a presença de concavidades radiculares, não podemos subestimar as últimas no exame clínico inicial, diagnóstico, prognóstico, planejamento cirúrgico e na fase de controle e manutenção do tratamento periodontal. Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to establish the influence of root concavities on clinical attachment loss (CAL) that was diagnosed at the initial evaluation of periodontal patients. CAL data were analyzed in the following teeth of 163 patients: upper and lower second and first bicuspids, cuspids, lat [...] eral and central incisors. Data were retrieved from the initial dental chart of patients seeking treatment at the Periodontics Graduate Clinic, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo. Probing was accomplished in every tooth. The following measurements were recorded: CEJ-GM, PD and CAL. PD was performed at 6 sites: mesial-buccal (MB), central-buccal (CB), distal-buccal (DB), mesial-lingual (ML), central-lingual (CL) and distal-lingual (DL). Data from all teeth present were included when, at least, one site with CAL ³ 4mm was observed. After statistical analysis (Friedman and Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA tests) CB and CL sites showed CAL values statistically lower for all upper teeth and for lower first bicuspid, cuspid and lateral incisors. Clinically, CB showed the lowest CAL values in every analyzed teeth, which was followed by CL. The presence of root concavities should not be underestimated either during clinical examination, diagnosis, prognosis, surgical or supportive periodontal treatment. Nevertheless, based on our results, it was not possible to assure that the differences found in CAL values were due to root concavities.

Francisco Emilio, PUSTIGLIONI; Giuseppe Alexandre, ROMITO.

1999-12-01

89

Ancillary investigations to diagnose parkinsonism: a prospective clinical study.  

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Various ancillary investigations can assist clinicians in the differential diagnosis of patients with parkinsonism. It is unknown which test offers greatest diagnostic value in clinical practice. We included 156 consecutive patients with parkinsonism, but with an initially uncertain diagnosis. At baseline, all patients underwent extensive clinical testing and the following ancillary investigations: brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); (123)I-iodobenzamide single photon-emission computed tomography (IBZM-SPECT); analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF); and anal sphincter electromyography (EMG). The final diagnosis was established after 3-year follow-up by two movement disorder specialists, according to international consensus criteria. We determined the diagnostic value by comparing the baseline clinical parameters and ancillary studies with the final diagnosis. Out of a potential 138 parameters, univariate analysis identified 35 parameters that discriminated Parkinson's disease (PD, n = 62) and atypical parkinsonism (AP, n = 94), with AUC of 0.55-0.81. Stepwise logistic regression showed that the combination of tandem gait, axial UPDRS subscore, slow saccadic eye movements and dysphagia yielded an AUC of 0.93, adjusted for optimism. The combination of tandem gait and axial UDPRS subscore yielded an AUC of 0.90. None of the ancillary investigations alone or in combination with clinical testing improved this clinically based diagnostic accuracy, not even in a subgroup of patients with the greatest diagnostic uncertainty at baseline. Our study demonstrates that a comprehensive set of clinical tests provides good accuracy to differentiate PD from AP. Our results also suggest that routine MRI, IBZM-SPECT, CSF analysis and anal sphincter EMG do not improve this diagnostic accuracy. Future work should evaluate the possible diagnostic value of more advanced diagnostic tests. PMID:25381460

Aerts, M B; Esselink, R A J; Abdo, W F; Meijer, F J A; Drost, G; Norgren, N; Janssen, M J R; Borm, G F; Bloem, B R; Verbeek, M M

2014-11-01

90

Can we clinically diagnose dementia with Lewy bodies yet?  

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Full Text Available Abstract Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB was initially identified and confirmed primarily by pathology, but is soon to be incorporated into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual criteria as a clinical disease entity. Despite these advances over more than 20 years, current data suggest that the sensitivity of accurate clinical diagnosis of DLB is still very low, although there is mounting evidence that supportive features may increase diagnostic accuracy. Although DLB remains easy to identify pathologically with different cellular pathologies differentiating it from other dementia syndromes, pathological identification using only Lewy body pathology has been shown to be inaccurate due to overlap with patients without dementia symptoms. A number of studies now suggest that a combination of cellular pathologies, which include ?-synuclein and ?-amyloid deposition as well as dopamine denervation, assist with differentiating this dementia syndrome from others. The clinical and pathological overlap with the tauopathy of Alzheimer’s disease still remains to be clarified. To determine more robust and independent clinicopathological correlates from Alzheimer’s disease, longitudinal prospective studies, using specific clinical batteries on dementia patients reaching the proposed criteria for DLB, with post-mortem assessment of the multiple pathologies associated with dementia, are required. Identifying genetic causes for DLB is another approach to investigate the pathogenesis of DLB. However this approach has been hindered to date by difficulties with identifying DLB clinically. The use of novel techniques is likely to advance knowledge on the pathogenesis of DLB and assist with redefining clinical and pathologic diagnostic criteria. To achieve the goal of more accurate clinical diagnosis of DLB, breakthroughs are necessary on the pathogenesis of DLB.

Huang Yue

2013-02-01

91

Detection and Characterization of Nocardia from Patients Diagnosed as Tuberculosis in Egypt  

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Pulmonary tuberculosis and pulmonary nocardiosis are similar in most clinical symptoms and radiological manifestation. In the developing countries like Egypt where tuberculosis is very common, anti-tuberculosis drugs are started on basis of radiology and clinical symptoms. This study included 600 sputum specimens collected from 200 patients diagnosed as pulmonary tuberculosis from three chest hospitals in Egypt. IS6110 specific primer were selected for PCR to identify the Mycobacterium tuberc...

Helal, Zeinab H.; Khan, Mazhar I.; Ashour, Mohamed Seif El-din; Eissa, Somaia A.

2008-01-01

92

Susac's Syndrome in a Patient Diagnosed with MS for 20 Years: A Case Report  

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Susac's syndrome is an uncommon neurologic disorder of unknown cause. It has been described as a clinical triad of encephalopathy, hearing loss, and branch retinal artery occlusions. Clinically the diagnosis is difficult when the patient presents only a portion of a triad. We present a case with vision loss and sensorineural deafness and who had been diagnosed with MS for 20 years. Susac's syndrome is presumed to be an autoimmune endotheliopathy. Neurologic symptoms and signs are diffuse and ...

Bijen Nazliel; Asli Akyol; Hale Zeynep Batur Caglayan; Irem Yildirim-Capraz; Ceyla Irkec

2014-01-01

93

Whipple's disease in Spain: a clinical review of 91 patients diagnosed between 1947 and 2001 / Enfermedad de Whipple en España: Revisión clínica de 91 pacientes diagnosticados durante 1947-2001  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Fundamento: conocer las características epidemiológicas, clínicas, diagnósticas y terapéuticas de la enfermedad de Whipple en España. Pacientes y método: se revisan los casos de enfermedad de Whipple de la literatura española que cumplen criterios histológicos o de PCR desde 1947 hasta 2001. Resulta [...] dos: se incluyeron 91 casos. El 87,5% eran hombres. La incidencia máxima fue entre los 40 y 60 años de edad (68%). No hubo agregación familiar ni preferencia por profesión o entorno ambiental. Los síntomas y signos más habituales fueron: adelgazamiento (80%), diarrea (63%), adenopatías (35%), cutáneos (32%), dolor abdominal (27%), fiebre (23%), articulares (20%) y neurológicos (16%). Artralgias, diarrea y fiebre se referían previamente al diagnóstico en el 58, 18 y 13% de los enfermos, respectivamente. El diagnóstico fue histológico en todos salvo en dos que se diagnosticaron por PCR. La biopsia intestinal fue positiva en el 94%. Las biopsias de adenopatías (mesentéricas o periféricas) fueron orientadoras en un 13%. El tratamiento fue eficaz en el 89%. Hubo 9 recidivas, 4 neurológicas, estas antes de la introducción del cotrimoxazol. Conclusiones: la enfermedad de Whipple no es tan infrecuente. Se precisa un alto índice de sospecha para diagnosticarla en ausencia de síntomas digestivos. El método diagnóstico más empleado y más sensible es la biopsia duodenal. Se empieza a introducir la técnica de PCR para confirmar el diagnóstico y como control terapéutico. El tratamiento antibiótico inicial con antibióticos que pasan la barrera hematoencefálica como cotrimoxazol y ceftriaxona es determinante para la curación de los pacientes y evitar las recidivas. Abstract in english Background: to determine the epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic characteristics of Whipple's disease in Spain. Patients and method: cases of Whipple's disease reported in the Spanish literature between 1947 and 2001 which meet histological or PCR criteria are reviewed. Results: 91 [...] cases were included, 87.5% of which were male. The maximum incidence was between 40 and 60 years of age (68%). There was no family clustering or susceptibility by profession or surroundings. The most common symptoms and signs were: weight loss (80%), diarrhoea (63%), adenopathies (35%), skin problems (32%), abdominal pain (27%), fever (23%), joint problems (20%) and neurological problems (16%). Arthralgias, diarrhoea and fever were noted prior to diagnosis in 58, 18 and 13% of patients, respectively. Diagnosis was histological in all cases except two, which were diagnosed by PCR. Intestinal biopsy was positive in 94%. Adenopathic biopsies (mesenteric or peripheral) were suggestive in 13% of cases, and treatment was effective in 89%. There were nine relapses, four of which were neurological, although all occurred before the introduction of cotrimoxazole. Conclusions: Whipple's disease is not uncommon, although it requires a high degree of suspicion to be diagnosed in the absence of digestive symptoms. The most common and most sensitive diagnostic method is duodenal biopsy. PCR is beginning to be introduced to confirm the diagnosis and as a therapeutic control. Initial antibiotic treatment with drugs that cross the blood-brain barrier, such as cotrimoxazole and ceftriaxone, is key to achieving a cure and avoiding relapses.

E., Ojeda; A., Cosme; J., Lapaza; J., Torrado; I., Arruabarrena; L., Alzate.

2010-02-01

94

Whipple's disease in Spain: a clinical review of 91 patients diagnosed between 1947 and 2001 Enfermedad de Whipple en España: Revisión clínica de 91 pacientes diagnosticados durante 1947-2001  

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Full Text Available Background: to determine the epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic characteristics of Whipple's disease in Spain. Patients and method: cases of Whipple's disease reported in the Spanish literature between 1947 and 2001 which meet histological or PCR criteria are reviewed. Results: 91 cases were included, 87.5% of which were male. The maximum incidence was between 40 and 60 years of age (68%. There was no family clustering or susceptibility by profession or surroundings. The most common symptoms and signs were: weight loss (80%, diarrhoea (63%, adenopathies (35%, skin problems (32%, abdominal pain (27%, fever (23%, joint problems (20% and neurological problems (16%. Arthralgias, diarrhoea and fever were noted prior to diagnosis in 58, 18 and 13% of patients, respectively. Diagnosis was histological in all cases except two, which were diagnosed by PCR. Intestinal biopsy was positive in 94%. Adenopathic biopsies (mesenteric or peripheral were suggestive in 13% of cases, and treatment was effective in 89%. There were nine relapses, four of which were neurological, although all occurred before the introduction of cotrimoxazole. Conclusions: Whipple's disease is not uncommon, although it requires a high degree of suspicion to be diagnosed in the absence of digestive symptoms. The most common and most sensitive diagnostic method is duodenal biopsy. PCR is beginning to be introduced to confirm the diagnosis and as a therapeutic control. Initial antibiotic treatment with drugs that cross the blood-brain barrier, such as cotrimoxazole and ceftriaxone, is key to achieving a cure and avoiding relapses.Fundamento: conocer las características epidemiológicas, clínicas, diagnósticas y terapéuticas de la enfermedad de Whipple en España. Pacientes y método: se revisan los casos de enfermedad de Whipple de la literatura española que cumplen criterios histológicos o de PCR desde 1947 hasta 2001. Resultados: se incluyeron 91 casos. El 87,5% eran hombres. La incidencia máxima fue entre los 40 y 60 años de edad (68%. No hubo agregación familiar ni preferencia por profesión o entorno ambiental. Los síntomas y signos más habituales fueron: adelgazamiento (80%, diarrea (63%, adenopatías (35%, cutáneos (32%, dolor abdominal (27%, fiebre (23%, articulares (20% y neurológicos (16%. Artralgias, diarrea y fiebre se referían previamente al diagnóstico en el 58, 18 y 13% de los enfermos, respectivamente. El diagnóstico fue histológico en todos salvo en dos que se diagnosticaron por PCR. La biopsia intestinal fue positiva en el 94%. Las biopsias de adenopatías (mesentéricas o periféricas fueron orientadoras en un 13%. El tratamiento fue eficaz en el 89%. Hubo 9 recidivas, 4 neurológicas, estas antes de la introducción del cotrimoxazol. Conclusiones: la enfermedad de Whipple no es tan infrecuente. Se precisa un alto índice de sospecha para diagnosticarla en ausencia de síntomas digestivos. El método diagnóstico más empleado y más sensible es la biopsia duodenal. Se empieza a introducir la técnica de PCR para confirmar el diagnóstico y como control terapéutico. El tratamiento antibiótico inicial con antibióticos que pasan la barrera hematoencefálica como cotrimoxazol y ceftriaxona es determinante para la curación de los pacientes y evitar las recidivas.

E. Ojeda

2010-02-01

95

Concordância entre os diagnósticos clínico e histopatológico de lesões bucais diagnosticadas em Clínica Universitária / Agreement between clinical and histopathological diagnoses of oral lesions diagnosed in clinic university  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: O diagnóstico da grande variedade de lesões que ocorrem na cavidade bucal é fundamental para a prática odontológica. Na clínica, é comum o cirurgião-dentista se deparar com lesões bucais de diagnóstico duvidoso. Nessas situações, o clínico deve pensar na indicação da realização da bióps [...] ia como parte complementar - ou até mesmo conclusiva - do diagnóstico final dessas lesões bucais. A avaliação da concordância entre os diagnósticos clínico e histopatológico de lesões bucais permite analisar a acuidade e a capacidade do profissional ou acadêmico de Odontologia em realizar o diagnóstico clínico correto. OBJETIVO: O presente estudo objetivou avaliar a concordância entre os diagnósticos clínico e histopatológico de lesões bucais, diagnosticadas em clínica odontológica universitária. MÉTODO: Trata-se de um estudo analítico, de caráter retrospectivo, realizado com pacientes biopsiados e que tiveram laudos histopatológicos emitidos entre fevereiro de 2010 e julho de 2012. O programa estatístico SPSS 17.0 for Windows foi utilizado para análise dos dados. Foram conduzidas análises descritivas dos dados. A concordância entre os diagnósticos também foi medida pela estatística Kappa. RESULTADO: Obteve-se uma amostra de 125 pacientes. A média de idade foi de 48,64 anos, sendo a maioria do sexo feminino (58,4%). Os diagnósticos histopatológicos mais prevalentes foram os processos proliferativos não neoplásicos (36,6%). A concordância entre os diagnósticos clínico e histopatológico ocorreu na maioria dos pacientes (87,8%). O valor de Kappa para a concordância entre os diagnósticos foi de 0,75. CONCLUSÃO: A concordância entre os diagnósticos ocorreu na maioria dos pacientes investigados, tendo sido apresentado valor correspondente a uma concordância substancial. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of wide variety of lesions occurring in the oral cavity is critical to the practice of dentistry. It is common for dentists to find oral lesions of doubtful diagnosis. In these situations, the dentist should consider the indication of biopsy as a complement or even conclus [...] ive final diagnosis of these oral lesions. The evaluation of the agreement between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis of oral lesions allows the accuracy and ability analysis of the professional or his/her dentistry academic level to perform clinical diagnosis correctly OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between clinical and histopathological diagnosis of oral lesions diagnosed in a university dental clinic. METHOD: This is an analytical, retrospective study conducted with patients biopsied and who had pathologic reports issued between February 2010 and July 2012. The SPSS 17.0 for Windows was used for data analysis. We conducted descriptive analyzes of the data. The concordance between the diagnoses was also measured using kappa statistics. RESULT: It was obtained through a sample of 125 patients. The average age was 48.64 years, with a majority of women (58.4%). The histopathological diagnoses were the most prevalent non-neoplastic proliferative processes (36.6%). The concordance between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis occurred in most patients (87.8 %). The kappa value for the agreement between diagnoses was 0.75 CONCLUSION: The concordance between the diagnoses occurred in most patients investigated presented corresponding to substantial agreement.

João Gabriel Silva, Souza; Luiza Anjos, Soares; Geane, Moreira.

2014-01-01

96

Do all patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer need staging radionuclide bone scan? a retrospective study  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english PURPOSE: Define a group of patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer, whose risk of bone metastasis is low enough to omit a bone scan staging study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2003 to 2009, the medical records of patients who were newly diagnosed with prostate cancer were retrospectively review [...] ed. The data collected included: age, digital rectal examination, serum prostate specific antigen (PSA), Gleason score, clinical T stage, and bone isotope scan. Patients were divided into two groups according to the results of bone isotope scan; positive group and negative group. A univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression was used to analyze the results. RESULTS: Of the 106 patients, 98 had a complete data collection and were entered into the study. The median age of the patients was 70.5 years and patients with a positive bone scan was 74 years, significantly higher than for patients with negative scans (69 years) (p = 0.02). Bone metastasis was detected in 39 cases (39.7%). In all patients with clinical T1-2 stage, a Gleason score of 20 ng/mL) and Gleason score (> 7) were independently predictive of positive bone scan, while clinical stage was not. CONCLUSION: Staging bone scans can be omitted in patients with a PSA level of = 20 ng/mL, and Gleason score

Mohammed A., Al-Ghazo; Ibrahim F., Ghalayini; Rami S., Al-Azab; Ibrahim, Bani-Hani; Alaa, Barham; Yazan, Haddad.

2010-12-01

97

PREVALENCE OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY IN PATIENTS WITH NEWLY DIAGNOSED TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS  

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Full Text Available Diabetic retinopathy is a common complication of type II diabetes mellitus and carries with it the threat of blindness. Accurate information regarding the incidence of diabetic retinopathy and associated risk factors is important in the prevention of its development and of the visual impairment caused by this complication. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in newly diagnosed patients with type II diabetes mellitus. We have also evaluated the association of diabetic retinopathy with clinical and biochemical variables. In a cross-sectional study, 152 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed type II diabetes mellitus were referred from two outpatient clinics in Tehran for ophthalmologic exam to detect retinopathy. Indirect ophthalmoscopy was performed and data regarding risk factors were extracted from routine medical records. Chi square and Mann Whitney U tests were used to analyze the data. The overall prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was 13.8 %( 21 cases: three cases with microaneurysm only, 10 with mild, 5 with moderate and 2 with severe non proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Only one patient had advanced proliferative retinopathy. The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was positively associated with age, duration of disease, fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c, and systolic blood pressure. Diabetic retinopathy is common in newly diagnosed type II diabetes mellitus patients. Ophthalmologic consultation is essential at the time of diagnosis for all patients.

A. Bostak

2006-11-01

98

Predictive factors for breast cancer in patients diagnosed atypical ductal hyperplasia at core needle biopsy  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Percutaneous core needle biopsy (CNB is considered to be the standard technique for histological diagnosis of breast lesions. But, it is less reliable for diagnosing atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH. The purpose of the present study was to predict, based on clinical and radiological findings, which cases of ADH diagnosed by CNB would be more likely to be associated with a more advanced lesion on subsequent surgical excision. Methods Between February 2002 and December 2007, consecutive ultrasound-guided CNBs were performed on suspicious breast lesions at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital. A total of 69 CNBs led to a diagnosis of ADH, and 45 patients underwent follow-up surgical excision. We reviewed the medical records and analyses retrospectively. Results Sixty-nine patients were diagnosed with ADH at CNB. Of these patients, 45 underwent surgical excision and 10 (22.2% were subsequently diagnosed with a malignancy (ductal carcinoma in situ, n = 8; invasive cancer, n = 2. Univariate analysis revealed age (? 50-years at the time of core needle biopsy (p = 0.006, size (> 10 mm on imaging (p = 0.033, and combined mass with microcalcification on sonography (p = 0.029 to be associated with underestimation. When those three factors were included in multivariate analysis, only age (p = 0.035, HR 6.201, 95% CI 1.135-33.891 was an independent predictor of malignancy. Conclusion Age (? 50 at the time of biopsy is an independent predictive factor for breast cancer at surgical excision in patients with diagnosed ADH at CNB. For patients diagnosed with ADH at CNB, only complete surgical excision is the suitable treatment option, because we could not find any combination of factors that can safely predict the absence of DCIS or invasive cancer in a case of ADH.

Lee Ahwon

2009-10-01

99

Unexpectedly diagnosed Caroli's disease on HIDA scintigraphy in a patient with calculous cholecystitis  

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Caroli's disease, which is a rare condition with congenital dilatation if the intrahepatic bile ducts, is usually diagnosed postoperatively. The clinical suspicion in a patient with gallstones and choledocholithiasis presenting with dilated intrahepatic biliary radicles and jaundice is usually an obstructive etiology. However, scintigraphic evaluation of this entity, as in this case, gives additional information on liver function, biliary drainage and predisposing conditions like Caroli's disease, which could be missed otherwise

Shinto, A. S.; Selvakumar, J. [Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Amalanagar (India)

2010-12-15

100

Hallervorden-Spatz disease: clinical and MRI study of 11 cases diagnosed in life.  

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The diagnosis of Hallervorden-Spatz disease (HSD) has usually been made post mortem, although the recent description of characteristic abnormalities in the globus pallidus has suggested the possibility of an in vivo diagnosis. We present the clinical histories, neurological features and MRI findings of 11 patients, diagnosed as having HSD. Generalized dystonia with predominance of oromandibular involvement, behavioural changes followed by dementia and retinal degeneration were present in all the patients. MRI pallidal abnormalities consisted of decreased signal intensity in T2-weighted images, compatible with iron deposits, and of a small area of hyperintensity in its internal segment ("eye of the tiger" sign). We propose that the combination of these neurological signs with these MRI findings could be considered as highly suggestive of a diagnosis of HSD in living patients. PMID:1447570

Angelini, L; Nardocci, N; Rumi, V; Zorzi, C; Strada, L; Savoiardo, M

1992-10-01

101

A comparison of arthrography to clinical diagnostics for diagnosing meniscal lesions  

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A comparative investigation as to the exactness of clinical and arthrographical diagnostics was carried out on 176 patients who were clinically examined and operated on in the period of 1972-1980. Using solely clinical diagnostics, the total rate of exactness was 90,9%, the exactness regarding the internal meniscal lesion being significantly higher (94.2%) than that regarding external meniscal lesion (76.7%). Using solely arthrographic diagnostics, the total rate of exactness was 82%, the rate for internal meniscus being significantly lower (83.9%) than that obtained using clinical diagnostics. As for the external meniscus, the exactness of arthrography differs only slightly from clinical diagnostics with 74.7%. The most frequent sources of error in arthorgraphy were found to be lesions of the posterior horn at the internal meniscus. In cases of external meniscal lesions, especially when an internal meniscal lesion was existing at the same time, both examination methods failed in 5 cases. For routine diagnosing of meniscal lesions, arthrography is not necessary. An accurate clinical examination and anamnesis bring very good and exact results and should therefore be given absolute priority. (orig./MG)

102

Counseling the patient with potentially HPV-related newly diagnosed head and neck cancer.  

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The recent emergence of a clinically distinct subset of head and neck cancers (HNC) caused by infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) necessitates critical reevaluation of the existing counseling paradigm for patients with newly diagnosed HNC. Herein we propose a structural framework for patient counseling in which HPV testing is incorporated and the impact of HPV-status is discussed in the context of multiple medical and psychosocial domains. We strive to maintain a balance between making recommendations based on the best available scientific evidence and acknowledgment of uncertainty for both patients and providers. We anticipate that both the standard-of-care diagnostic workup and treatment, and counseling guidelines for these patients will change rapidly in the years ahead, as data from ongoing and planned prospective clinical trials become available. PMID:24488548

Finnigan, John P; Sikora, Andrew G

2014-03-01

103

The utility of clinical decision tools for diagnosing osteoporosis in postmenopausal women with rheumatoid arthritis  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Patients with rheumatoid arthritis have a higher risk of low bone mineral density than normal age matched populations. There is limited evidence to support cost effectiveness of population screening in rheumatoid arthritis and case finding strategies have been proposed as a means to increase cost effectiveness of diagnostic screening for osteoporosis. This study aimed to assess the performance attributes of generic and rheumatoid arthritis specific clinical decision tools for diagnosing osteoporosis in a postmenopausal population with rheumatoid arthritis who attend ambulatory specialist rheumatology clinics. Methods A cross-sectional study of 127 ambulatory post-menopausal women with rheumatoid arthritis was performed. Patients currently receiving or who had previously received bone active therapy were excluded. Eligible women underwent clinical assessment and dual-energy-xray absorptiometry (DXA bone mineral density assessment. Clinical decision tools, including those specific for rheumatoid arthritis, were compared to seven generic post-menopausal tools to predict osteoporosis (defined as T score Results One hundred and twenty seven women participated. The median age was 62 (IQR 56–71 years. Median disease duration was 108 (60–168 months. Seventy two (57% women had no record of a previous DXA examination. Eighty (63% women had T scores at femoral neck or lumbar spine less than -1. The area under the ROC curve for clinical decision tool prediction of T score Conclusion There was limited utility of clinical decision tools for predicting osteoporosis in this patient population. Fracture prediction tools that include risk factors independent of BMD are needed.

Brand Caroline

2008-01-01

104

Clinical and histopathological characteristics in patients with postmenopausal bleeding  

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Background: Incidence of endometrial carcinoma in Vojvodina is 15-20/100 000. In 75% cases, endometrial carcinoma is diagnosed in postmenopausal period. In 90 % of patients, the first clinical sign is postmenopausal bleeding. The aim of the study was to investigate clinical and histopathological characteristics in patients with postmenopausal bleeding. Methods: The study included 122 patients with postmenopausal bleeding. All of these patients underwent gynecological examination and vag...

Mandi? Aljoša; Guti? Bojana; Kapicl-Ivkovi? Tatjana; Segedi-Mladenovi? Ljiljana; Mocko-Ka?anski Mihaela

2013-01-01

105

Antihypertensive medication prescription patterns and time trends for newly-diagnosed uncomplicated hypertension patients in Taiwan  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Knowledge of existing prescription patterns in the treatment of newly-diagnosed hypertension can provide useful information for improving clinical practice in this field. The aims of this study are to determine the prescription patterns and time trends for antihypertensive medication in newly-diagnosed cases of uncomplicated hypertension in Taiwan and to compare these with current clinical guidelines. Methods A total of 6,536 newly-diagnosed patients with uncomplicated hypertension, aged ?30 years, were identified from the representative 200,000-person sample in the computerized reimbursement database of the National Health Insurance in Taiwan. These patients were followed from 1998 to 2004 with all diagnoses, prescription data and medication charges being retrieved for subsequent analysis. Results Prescription patterns varied by age, gender and clinical facilities, with mono-therapies being found to be dominant in the first year, albeit declining over time. Calcium channel blockers and beta-blockers were the most frequently prescribed antihypertensive drugs, either alone or in combinations. Although least expensive, the prescription rates of diuretics were low, at 8.3% for mono-therapies and 19.9% overall. The prescription rate for angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs was elevated considerably over time. After controlling for other related factors by multiple logistic regression analysis, ARBs were found to be prescribed mainly by medical centers or regional hospitals. Conclusion These findings indicate the existence of a gap between current clinical practice and the desired goal of cost-effectiveness in antihypertensive treatment in Taiwan, which should be corrected.

Liu Pang-Hsiang

2008-06-01

106

Caracterización clinicoepidemiológica de pacientes con tuberculosis diagnosticada en el Hospital Provincial "Celia Sánchez Manduley" / Clinical and epidemiological characterization of patients with tuberculosis diagnosed in "Celia Sánchez Manduley" Provincial Hospital  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y longitudinal de 63 pacientes con tuberculosis, atendidos en el Hospital Clinicoquirúrgico Docente Universitario "Celia Sánchez Manduley" de Manzanillo, provincia de Granma, desde el 2009 hasta el 2011, con vistas a caracterizarles según factores cli [...] nicoepidemiológicos de interés. Entre las variables analizadas figuraron: edad, sexo, procedencia, factores de riesgo, formas clínicas de la tuberculosis, tipo de tuberculosis extrapulmonares y categoría de casos. En la casuística predominaron el sexo masculino, los grupos etarios de 45-65 años, procedentes en su mayoría de zonas rurales; la ingestión de alcohol como factor de riesgo asociado y las formas pulmonares con baciloscopia positiva como las formas clínicas más frecuentes. La mayoría de los casos notificados fueron nuevos Abstract in english A descriptive, retrospective and longitudinal study of 63 patients with tuberculosis, assisted in "Celia Sánchez Manduley" Teaching Clinical-Surgical University Hospital, Manzanillo, Granma province was carried out from the 2009 to 2011, aimed at characterizing them according to interesting clinical [...] and epidemiological factors. Among the analyzed variables there were: age, sex, origin, risk factors, clinical forms of tuberculosis, type of extrapulmonary tuberculosis and cases category. Male sex, the age groups 45-65, most of them coming from rural areas; alcohol consumption as associated risk factor and the pulmonary forms with positive bacilloscopy as the most frequent clinical forms prevailed in the case material. Most of the confirmed cases were new

Sahily, Quintero Salcedo; Aracelis, Reyes Castillo; Gladys Leidis, Blanco Zambrano; Haidee, Marrero Rodríguez; Jesús Ángel, Quintero García.

2014-06-01

107

[Clinical recommendations for diagnosing, treatment and monitoring of patients with uterine cervical cancer -- Croatian Oncology Society and Croatian Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics as Croatian Medical Association units and Croatian Society of Gynecological Oncology].  

Science.gov (United States)

Cervical cancer, in comparison with other gynecological malignancies, mainly affects younger women. It can be prevented trough educational programs, screening and early detection. It also can be efficiently treated when it appears. Treatment modalities include surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, according to the stage of the disease and patient condition. Treatment decisions should be made after multidisciplinary team discussion. Due to the significance of this disease it is important to define and implement standardized approach for diagnostic, treatment and monitoring algorithm as well. The following text presents the clinical guidelines in order to standardize the procedures and criteria for the diagnosis, management, treatment and monitoring of patients with uterine cervical cancer in the Republic of Croatia. PMID:24364197

Vrdoljak, Eduard; Haller, Herman; Corusi?, Ante; Jelavi?, Tihana Boraska; Matkovi?, Visnja; Strini?, Tomislav; Karnjus-Begonja, Ruzica; Barisi?, Dubravko; Tomi?, Snjezana; Babi?, Damir; Kukura, Vlastimir; Mise, Branka Petric; Padovan, Ranka Stern; Mati?, Mate; Puljiz, Mario; Krasevi?, Maja; Fröbe, Ana; Topolovec, Zlatko; Hajredini, Adem; Vrdoljak-Mozetic, Danijela; Mamula, Ozren; Bolanca, Ines Krivak; Brni?-Fischer, Alemka

2013-01-01

108

Frecuencia y características clínicas de la orbitopatía asociada al tiroides en pacientes hipertiroideos de reciente diagnóstico / Frequency and clinical characteristics of thyroid-associated orbitopathy in recently diagnosed hyperthyroid patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: la orbitopatía asociada al tiroides es una complicación frecuente del hipertiroidismo. Objetivo: describir la frecuencia y características de la orbitopatía asociada a la enfermedad autoinmune del tiroides, en pacientes con diagnóstico reciente de hipertiroidismo. Métodos: estudio desc [...] riptivo transversal. A cada caso se le determinó al diagnóstico hormonas tiroideas, y anticuerpos antiperoxidasa. Se examinaron al diagnóstico para evaluar la presencia de orbitopatía, y se identificaron los síntomas y signos oculares presentes en los que la presentaron. Se compararon los resultados a través de estadística descriptiva, utilizando chi². La significación estadística fue para una p Abstract in english Introduction: thyroid-associated orbitopathy is a frequent complication of hyperthyroidism. Objective: to describe the frequency and the characteristics of orbitopathy related to autoimmune disease of thyroids in patients who were recently diagnosed as hyperthyroidism cases. Methods: cross-sectional [...] descriptive study. Every case was detected thyroid hormones and antiperoxidase antibodies at time of diagnosis. They were examined to evaluate the possible presence of orbitopathy whose ocular symptoms and signs were identified in those who had it. The comparison of results was made through summary statistics by using chi-square test. The statistical significance was p

Marelis, Yanes Quesada; Lisette, Leal Curi; Ileydis, Iglesias Marichal; Lisbet, Rodríguez Fernández; Juana Elvira, Maciques Rodríguez.

2013-12-01

109

Diagnosing childhood Tuberculosis in rural clinics in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa  

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Full Text Available Tuberculosis is a major global public health challenge and disease in young children is particularly severe. Diagnosing tuberculosis in children is complex as clinical presentation is often atypical and available diagnostic modalities are imperfect. Diagnosis is particularly challenging in developing countries where resources and access to sophisticated facilities are limited. The South African primary health care system requires frontline nurses to be equipped to suspect, diagnose and treat children with tuberculosis, but their capacity to diagnose childhood tuberculosis is unknown. Relatively low rates of childhood tuberculosis notification suggested that tuberculosis may have been under-diagnosed in Mpumalanga Province.

S.C. Vellema

2008-09-01

110

Using Plant Clinic Registers to Assess the Quality of Diagnoses and Advice Given to Farmers: A Case Study from Uganda  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: This study developed a framework for quality assessment of diagnoses and advice given at plant clinics. Design/methodology/approach: Clinic registers from five plant clinics in Uganda (2006-2010) were used to develop quality assessment protocols for diagnoses and advice given by plant doctors. Assessment of quality of diagnoses was based…

Danielsen, Solveig; Boa, Eric; Mafabi, Moses; Mutebi, Emmanuel; Reeder, Robert; Kabeere, Flavia; Karyeija, Robert

2013-01-01

111

Which patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer need a radionuclide bone scan? An analysis based on 631 patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Although radionuclide bone scans are frequently recommended as part of the staging evaluation for newly diagnosed prostate cancer, most scans are negative for metastases. We hypothesized that Gleason score, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and clinical stage could predict for a positive bone scan (BS), and that a low-risk group of patients could be identified in whom BS might be omitted. Methods: All patients who had both pathologic review of their prostate cancer biopsies and radionuclide BS at our institution between 1/90 and 5/96 were studied. Gleason score, PSA, and clinical stage (AJCC, 4th edition) were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses for their ability to predict a positive BS. Groups analyzed were Gleason of 2-6 vs. 7 vs. 8-10; PSA of 0-15 vs. greater than 15-50 vs. greater than 50; and clinical stage of T1a-T2b vs. T2c-T4. Univariate analysis using ?2 and multivariate analysis using logistic regression were performed. Results: Of the 631 consecutive patients, 88 (14%) had positive BS. Multivariate analysis (64 excluded due to missing PSA and/or clinical stage) showed Gleason score, PSA, and clinical stage to be significant independent predictors for positive BS (p 50 vs. 0-15; 2.25 (CI, 1.43-3.54) for Gleason of 8-10 vs. 2-6; 2.15 (CI, 1.54-2.99) for clinical stage T2c-T4 vs. T2b or less. Three of 308 (1e T2c-T4 vs. T2b or less. Three of 308 (1%) had a positive BS in patients with Gleason 2-7, PSA of 50 or less, and clinical stage of T2b or less. In the subset of the same risk group with PSA of 15 or less, all 237 had negative bone scans. In patients with PSA greater than 50, 49/99(49.5%) had positive BS. Conclusion: Gleason score, PSA, and clinical stage were independent predictors for a positive radionuclide BS in newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients. PSA is the major predictor for positive BS. About one-half of the patients analyzed were in the low-risk group (Gleason 2-7, PSA ? 50, clinical stage ? T2b) and elimination of BS in these patients would result in considerable economic savings.

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Depression in patients with HIV is under-diagnosed: a cross-sectional study in Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background International studies suggesting that 20-37% of HIV-positive patients have diagnosable depression may underestimate the prevalence of this condition. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of depression among HIV-positive patients in an out-patient clinic in Denmark and to detect factors of importance for the development of depression. Methods In 2005, a population of 205 HIV-positive patients was included in a questionnaire-based study. The Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) was used to assess the prevalence and severity of depressive symptoms. Patients with a BDI score of 20 or above were offered a clinical evaluation by a consultant psychiatrist. Results Symptoms of depression (BDI>14) were observed in 77 (38%) patients and symptoms of major depression (BDI>/=20) in 53 (26%). Eighteen patients subsequently started treatment with anti-depressants. In a reduced logistic regression model, self-reported stress, loneliness, constant thoughts about HIV and being in a difficult financial situation were associated with risk of depression. Patients at risk of major depression were nearly six times more likely to have missed at least one dose of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the 4 days prior to assessment (odds ratio 5.7, 95% confidence interval 1.7-18.6). There was a dose-response trend in relation to unsafe sex (P=0.03). Conclusions The study found that depression was under-diagnosed among HIV-positive patients and was associated with stress, loneliness, a difficult financial situation, low adherence and unsafe sex. Screening for depression should be conducted regularly to provide full evaluation and relevant psychiatric treatment. This is particularly important at the time of diagnosis and before initiating HAART.

Rodkjaer, L; Laursen, T

2009-01-01

113

Autologous Tumor Lysate-pulsed Dendritic Cell Immunotherapy for Pediatric Patients with Newly Diagnosed or Recurrent High-grade Gliomas  

OpenAIRE

Immunotherapy has the potential to improve clinical outcomes with little toxicity for pediatric patients with brain tumors. We conducted a pilot feasibility study of tumor lysate-pulsed dendritic cell (DC) vaccination in pediatric patients (1 to 18 years old) with newly diagnosed or recurrent high-grade glioma (HGG). A total of nine DC vaccine doses, each containing 1×106 cells per dose were administered to three out of the seven originally enrolled patients. Toxicities were limited to mild ...

Lasky, Joseph L.; Panosyan, Eduard H.; Plant, Ashley; Davidson, Tom; Yong, William H.; Prins, Robert M.; Liau, Linda M.; Moore, Theodore B.

2013-01-01

114

Quality of venous thromboembolism diagnoses among prostate cancer patients in the Danish National Registry of Patients  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND AND AIM: It is well established that cancer patients have an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, no previous study has examined the quality of VTE diagnoses related to cancer patients in the Danish National Registry of Patients (DNRP). To support future studies on cancer and risk of VTE, this study aimed to estimate the positive predictive value (PPV) of VTE diagnoses among prostate cancer (PC) patients registered in the DNRP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a validation study using data from hospitals within the Central Denmark Region, which covers a population of 1.3 million people. Using the DNRP, we identified a total of 120 PC patients registered with VTE within the period 1995-2012. We also identified a random sample of 120 PC patients with no VTE registration within the same period. Therefore, a total of 240 patients were selected for medical chart review. We compared data from the DNRP to data collected from medical record review (ie, reference standard). We then computed PPV, sensitivity, and specificity with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using the Jeffreys method. RESULTS: The final study sample included 232 PC patients, of which 115 were registered with VTE and 117 had no registration of VTE in the DNRP. We found the overall PPV of VTE diagnoses in the DNRP to be 86.1% (95% CI 78.9%-91.5%). Sensitivity was 98.0% (95% CI 93.8%-99.6%), and specificity was 87.8% (95% CI 81.4%-92.6%). We also found the PPV of incident PC diagnoses in the DNRP to be 98.3% (95% CI 96.1%-99.4%). CONCLUSION: For PC patients, the registration of VTE diagnoses in the DNRP is associated with a high PPV. We provide evidence that data from the DNRP are valid for studies on risk of VTE among cancer patients.

Drljevic, Aska; Borre, Michael

2014-01-01

115

Quality of venous thromboembolism diagnoses among prostate cancer patients in the Danish National Registry of Patients  

Science.gov (United States)

Background and aim It is well established that cancer patients have an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, no previous study has examined the quality of VTE diagnoses related to cancer patients in the Danish National Registry of Patients (DNRP). To support future studies on cancer and risk of VTE, this study aimed to estimate the positive predictive value (PPV) of VTE diagnoses among prostate cancer (PC) patients registered in the DNRP. Materials and methods We conducted a validation study using data from hospitals within the Central Denmark Region, which covers a population of 1.3 million people. Using the DNRP, we identified a total of 120 PC patients registered with VTE within the period 1995–2012. We also identified a random sample of 120 PC patients with no VTE registration within the same period. Therefore, a total of 240 patients were selected for medical chart review. We compared data from the DNRP to data collected from medical record review (ie, reference standard). We then computed PPV, sensitivity, and specificity with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using the Jeffreys method. Results The final study sample included 232 PC patients, of which 115 were registered with VTE and 117 had no registration of VTE in the DNRP. We found the overall PPV of VTE diagnoses in the DNRP to be 86.1% (95% CI 78.9%–91.5%). Sensitivity was 98.0% (95% CI 93.8%–99.6%), and specificity was 87.8% (95% CI 81.4%–92.6%). We also found the PPV of incident PC diagnoses in the DNRP to be 98.3% (95% CI 96.1%–99.4%). Conclusion For PC patients, the registration of VTE diagnoses in the DNRP is associated with a high PPV. We provide evidence that data from the DNRP are valid for studies on risk of VTE among cancer patients. PMID:25328419

Drljevic, Aska; Borre, Michael; Høyer, Morten; Ehrenstein, Vera; Nguyen-Nielsen, Mary

2014-01-01

116

Correlates of Depression among Patients Diagnosed with Chronic Illnesses in Saudi Arabia  

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Full Text Available Background: Depression contributes to an increased medical morbidity and mortality among patients with chronic medical illnesses. The purpose of this study was to investigate correlates of depression among patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross sectional survey using 412 patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses has been used to collected data in regards to depressive symptoms, psychological distress, coping, and life satisfaction. Results: 25.2% of the patients reported that they had moderate to severe depressive symptoms, and about 13.8% of them had mild level of depression. Psychological distress and life satisfaction were significant correlates with depressive symptoms (r = 0.33, 0.54, p < 0.001, while coping strategies is not. The results also showed that there is a significant and negative correlation between patients’ age and depression score (r = 0.17, p ? 0.001. Regarding gender differences, the analysis showed that there was no significant difference between male and female patients in their depressive symptoms (t = ?0.69, p = 0.488. Conclusion: implication for clinical practice and research discussed.

Ahmad E. Aboshaiqah

2014-08-01

117

Evaluating reliable and clinically significant change in eating disorders: comparisons to changes in DSM-IV diagnoses.  

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Assessing clinically meaningful change is valuable for treatment planning, monitoring course of illness and evaluating outcome. Although DSM eating disorder (ED) diagnoses have been criticized for poor clinical utility, instability, and uncertainty, remission/change of diagnosis is often the standard for evaluating outcome. We tested the validity of the clinically significant reliable change index (CS/RCI) compared to change in DSM-IV ED-diagnoses. We investigated if CS/RCI was concordant to diagnostic change and compared explained variance on measures at follow-up. Using a database for specialized ED treatment in Sweden the sample contained 1042 female patients (246 adolescents/796 adults). CS/RCI was calculated for the Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA) and the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q). CS/RCI explained more variance in gain scores for psychopathology measures than diagnostic change (DSM-IV). Average agreement between diagnostic change and CS/RCI was 62% and 60% for CIA and EDE-Q, respectively. Diagnostic change always resulted in more positive outcome than CS/RCI. Together with clinical judgment, CS/RCI is a valuable method for determining clinically significant changes in clinical practice and research. It is economically sound and results are easily interpreted and communicated to patients. PMID:24582504

Ekeroth, Kerstin; Birgegård, Andreas

2014-05-15

118

Risk factors in clinically diagnosed presenile dementia of the Alzheimer type: a case-control study in northern England.  

OpenAIRE

STUDY OBJECTIVE--To investigate the relationship between presenile dementia of the Alzheimer type (PDAT) and family history, medical history, cigarette smoking, and exposure to aluminum. DESIGN--A case-control study in which 109 cases of clinically diagnosed PDAT and 109 controls matched for age and sex were compared for exposure to the risk factors. Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated using McNemar's test. SETTING--The northern health region of England. PATIENTS--Cases comprised those under 65...

Forster, D. P.; Newens, A. J.; Kay, D. W.; Edwardson, J. A.

1995-01-01

119

Predictive value of pediatric thrombosis diagnoses in the Danish National Patient Registry  

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Full Text Available Ruta Tuckuviene1, Soeren Risom Kristensen1, Jon Helgestad2, Anette Luther Christensen1, Soeren Paaske Johnsen31Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Center for Cardiovascular Research, 2Department of Pediatrics, 3Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aalborg and Aarhus, DenmarkAbstract: Data on the validity of pediatric thrombosis diagnoses are missing. We aimed to examine the predictive value of a diagnosis of venous and arterial thrombosis using the Danish National Patient Registry (DNPR. We identified all first-time diagnoses among children and adolescents (aged 0–18 years between 1994 and 2006 in DNPR. In total, 1138 potential cases of thrombosis were identified; the medical records were retrieved for 1112 (97.7% and the positive predictive value (PPV computed. Overall, the diagnosis of thrombosis was verified in 598 of the 1112 cases, corresponding to a PPV of 53.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 50.8–56.7. Diagnoses from wards had the PPV of 62.5% (95% CI: 59.4–65.6. The predictive value of a thrombosis diagnosis from wards was age-dependent, with a higher PPV (77.4%, 95% CI: 68.7–84.7 in neonates (<28 days and adolescents (15–18 years (68.2%; 95% CI: 63.2–72.5 than in children (28 days–14 years (51.2%; (95% CI: 46.0–56.4. The PPV of a thrombosis diagnosis was improved by restricting the analysis to diagnoses from wards, primary diagnoses, and admissions with a length of stay of three or more days. The results indicate that an interpretation of nonvalidated hospital discharge data for pediatric thrombosis in a registry like DNPR should be made with caution.Keywords: pediatric thrombosis, discharge diagnosis, registry, positive predictive value

Ruta Tuckuviene

2010-06-01

120

Biopsy diagnoses of clinically atypical pigmented lesions of the head and neck in adults.  

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A subset of facial melanoma in situ has histological features that overlap with those of "dysplastic" nevi. The authors evaluated this important diagnostic pitfall by assessing the frequency of melanoma as the final diagnosis in skin biopsies submitted over a 1-year period with a clinical impression of "atypical" or dysplastic nevus from the head or neck of adults. A total of 1998 biopsies met inclusion criteria. Final diagnoses included both melanocytic and nonmelanocytic processes. Clear trends were noted based on the age of the patient with benign nevi encompassing nearly 70% of specimens in patients aged 21-29 years and <10% in patients aged 70 years and above. The incidence of atypical nevi decreased with age (16% in 21-29 years, 3% in age 70+ years). Nineteen of the 180 (10%) atypical nevi in our series were located on the face (7, cheek; 6, forehead; 3, jawline; and 3, temple), a location not traditionally associated with atypical nevi. Facial atypical nevi were found in all age groups. Malignant melanoma accounted for 1.8% of all specimens increasing from 0% in the patients aged 21-29 years to 5% in patients aged 70 years and above. Caution is warranted when evaluating skin biopsies from sun-damaged skin of the head or neck of an older adult submitted with a clinical diagnosis of atypical nevus. However, the authors' findings suggest that atypical nevi with histological features of dysplastic nevi occur on the head and neck of adults, including elderly adults. The incidence of such lesions decreases with age as the incidence of melanoma increases, and careful clinicopathologic correlation is vital. PMID:25247672

Udovenko, Olga; Griffin, John R; Elston, Dirk M

2014-10-01

121

Treatment and survival in a population-based sample of patients diagnosed with gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma  

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Full Text Available AIM: To examine the extent of use of specific therapies in clinical practice, and their relationship to therapies validated in clinical trials.METHODS: The US National Cancer Institutes’ Patterns of Care study was used to examine therapies and survival of patients diagnosed in 2001 with histologically-confirmed gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma (n = 1356. The study re-abstracted data and verified therapy with treating physicians for a population-based stratified random sample.RESULTS: Approximately 62% of patients had stomach adenocarcinoma (SAC, while 22% had gastric-cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA, and 16% lower esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC. Stage IV/unstaged esophageal cancer patients were most likely and stage?I-III stomach cancer patients least likely to receive chemotherapy as all or part of their therapy; gastric-cardia patients received chemotherapy at a rate between these two. In multivariable analysis by anatomic site, patients 70 years and older were significantly less likely than younger patients to receive chemotherapy alone or chemoradiation for all three anatomic sites. Among esophageal and stomach cancer patients, receipt of chemotherapy was associated with lower mortality; but no association was found among gastric-cardia patients.CONCLUSION: This study highlights the relatively low use of clinical trials-validated anti-cancer therapies in community practice. Use of chemotherapy-based treatment was associated with lower mortality, dependent on anatomic site. Findings suggest that physicians treat lower esophageal and SAC as two distinct entities, while gastric-cardia patients receive a mix of the treatment strategies employed for the two other sites.

Deirdre P Cronin-Fenton, Margaret M Mooney, Limin X Clegg, Linda C Harlan

2008-05-01

122

Association among nursing diagnoses, demographic variables, and clinical characteristics of patients with high blood pressure Asociación entre diagnósticos de enfermería y variables sociales/clinicas en pacientes hipertensos Associação entre diagnósticos de enfermagem e variáveis sociais/clínicas em pacientes hipertensos  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To analyze the association among diagnoses, demographic variables, and clinical characteristics of patients with high blood pressure. METHODS: The data were collected in 67 patients from a primary care unit in Fortaleza, Brazil. The NANDA Taxonomy was used to determine the nursing diagnoses. Data analysis consisted of Fisher's exact test, Chi-square test, and likelihood ratio test. RESULTS: Fifty four nursing diagnoses were identified; fifteen were above the 75th percentile. Ineffective individual therapeutic regimen management and number of medication, sleep pattern disturbance and marital status, activity intolerance and education, activity intolerance and time of diagnoses, sexual dysfunction and gender, sexual dysfunction and education, risk for falls and age, marital status and time of diagnoses, chronic pain and marital status all had significant association coefficients. CONCLUSION: Some demographic characteristics were associated with nursing diagnoses.OBJETIVO: Analizar la asociación estadística entre diagnósticos y características sociales / clínicas de pacientes hipertensos. MÉTODOS: Los datos fueron recolectados en una unidad básica de salud de Fortaleza-Ceará con 67 pacientes. La identificación de los diagnósticos se llevó a cabo según la taxonomía de la NANDA. Para el análisis de los datos se utilizó test de Fisher, Chi-Cuadrado de Pearson y Razón de Verosemejanza. RESULTADOS: Se encontró 54 diagnósticos de enfermería y 15 sobre el percentil 75. Se verificó asociación estadística entre: Control eficaz del régimen terapéutico y número de medicamentos; Patrón de sueño perturbado y estado civil; Intolerancia a la actividad y escolaridad y años de diagnóstico; Disfunción sexual y sexo y escolaridad; Riesgo para caídas y edad, estado civil y tiempo de diagnóstico de la enfermedad; Dolor crónico y estado civil. CONCLUSIÓN: Algunas características demográficas están asociadas a la ocurrencia de diagnósticos de enfermería.OBJETIVO: Analisar a associação estatística entre diagnósticos e características sociais / clínicas de pacientes hipertensos. MÉTODOS: Os dados foram coletados numa unidade básica de saúde de Fortaleza-Ce com 67 pacientes. A identificação dos diagnósticos foi procedida segundo a taxonomia da NANDA. Para análise dos dados utilizou-se testes de Fisher, Qui-Quadrado de Pearson e Razão de Verossimilhança. RESULTADOS: Encontrou-se 54 diagnósticos de enfermagem e 15 acima do percentil 75. Verificou-se associação estatística entre: Controle eficaz do regime terapêutico e número de medicamentos; Padrão de sono perturbado e estado civil; Intolerância à atividade e escolaridade e anos de diagnóstico; Disfunção sexual e sexo e escolaridade; Risco para quedas e idade, estado civil e tempo de diagnóstico da doença; Dor crônica e estado civil. CONCLUSÃO: Algumas características demográficas estão associadas à ocorrência de diagnósticos de enfermagem.

Francisca de Fátima Vasconcelos

2007-09-01

123

Frecuencia de la hipertensión arterial y su relación con algunas variables clínicas en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 / High blood pressure frequency and its relation to some clinical variables in patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal con 300 pacientes diabéticos tipo 2 ingresados en el Centro de Atención al Diabético de Bayamo, Granma, en el período comprendido entre octubre de 2007 y mayo de 2008, con el objetivo de conocer la frecuencia de hipertensión arterial y su relación con al [...] gunas variables clínicas en estos casos. Se revisaron las historias clínicas de cada uno de ellos para obtener datos de los aspectos siguientes: edad, sexo, color de la piel, hábitos tóxicos, edad al comienzo de la diabetes, estado nutricional, circunferencia de la cintura, tensión arterial y complicaciones crónicas de la diabetes. Se encontró hipertensión arterial en 210 pacientes (70 %); de ellos, 57 (27,1 %) presentaron hipertensión sistólica aislada, 39 (18,5 %) hipertensión diastólica, y 114 (54,4 %) hipertensión sistodiastólica. La hipertensión arterial se presentó desde el inicio de la diabetes en el 62,9 %. El 76,1 % de los pacientes hipertensos tenían sobrepeso u obesidad (P=0,0557). Resultó significativa la asociación entre la hipertensión arterial y la cardiopatía isquémica (p= 0,0117). En relación con el ictus y la insuficiencia arterial periférica, aunque la mayoría de los casos eran hipertensos, no llegó a ser estadísticamente significativo (p= 0,8261, p= 0,8600). El 71,1 % de los pacientes con retinopatía diabética y el 75 % con nefropatía diabética eran hipertensos (p= 0,8261, p= 0,8600). Se concluye que la hipertensión arterial tiene una elevada incidencia en los pacientes con diabetes mellitas tipo 2, porque está presente en un porcentaje importante desde el diagnóstico de la diabetes y se asocia significativamente a la presencia de cardiopatía isquémica. Abstract in english A cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted in 300 patients with type 2 diabetes admitted in Diabetes Care Center of Bayamo, Granma province between October, 2007 and May, 2008 to know the high blood pressure frequency and its relation to some clinical variables in these cases. Medical rec [...] ords of each patient were reviewed to obtain data on the following features: age, sex, skin color, toxic habits, arterial pressure, and chronic complications of diabetes. High blood pressure was present in 210 patients (70 %), from them 57 (27.1 %) had isolated systolic hypertension, 39 (18.5 %) diastolic hypertension, and 114 (54.4 %) systolic-diastolic hypertension. Arterial hypertension was present from onset of diabetes in 62.9 %. The 76.1 % of hypertensive patients had overweight or obesity (p= 0.0557). The relationship was significant between arterial hypertension and ischemic heart disease (p = 0.0117). With regard to ictus and peripheral arterial failure, although most of cases were hypertensive, there was not statistic significance (p= 0.8261, p= 0.8600). The 71,1 % of patients presenting with diabetic retinopathy and the 75 % with diabetic nephropathy were hypertensive (p= 0.8261, p= 0.8600). We conclude that arterial hypertension shows a high incidence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus due to its presence in a significant percentage from the diabetes diagnosis and it is markedly associated with presence of ischemic heart disease.

Eduardo, Valdés Ramos; Niurka, Bencosme Rodríguez.

2009-12-01

124

Frecuencia de la hipertensión arterial y su relación con algunas variables clínicas en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 High blood pressure frequency and its relation to some clinical variables in patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus  

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Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal con 300 pacientes diabéticos tipo 2 ingresados en el Centro de Atención al Diabético de Bayamo, Granma, en el período comprendido entre octubre de 2007 y mayo de 2008, con el objetivo de conocer la frecuencia de hipertensión arterial y su relación con algunas variables clínicas en estos casos. Se revisaron las historias clínicas de cada uno de ellos para obtener datos de los aspectos siguientes: edad, sexo, color de la piel, hábitos tóxicos, edad al comienzo de la diabetes, estado nutricional, circunferencia de la cintura, tensión arterial y complicaciones crónicas de la diabetes. Se encontró hipertensión arterial en 210 pacientes (70 %; de ellos, 57 (27,1 % presentaron hipertensión sistólica aislada, 39 (18,5 % hipertensión diastólica, y 114 (54,4 % hipertensión sistodiastólica. La hipertensión arterial se presentó desde el inicio de la diabetes en el 62,9 %. El 76,1 % de los pacientes hipertensos tenían sobrepeso u obesidad (P=0,0557. Resultó significativa la asociación entre la hipertensión arterial y la cardiopatía isquémica (p= 0,0117. En relación con el ictus y la insuficiencia arterial periférica, aunque la mayoría de los casos eran hipertensos, no llegó a ser estadísticamente significativo (p= 0,8261, p= 0,8600. El 71,1 % de los pacientes con retinopatía diabética y el 75 % con nefropatía diabética eran hipertensos (p= 0,8261, p= 0,8600. Se concluye que la hipertensión arterial tiene una elevada incidencia en los pacientes con diabetes mellitas tipo 2, porque está presente en un porcentaje importante desde el diagnóstico de la diabetes y se asocia significativamente a la presencia de cardiopatía isquémica.A cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted in 300 patients with type 2 diabetes admitted in Diabetes Care Center of Bayamo, Granma province between October, 2007 and May, 2008 to know the high blood pressure frequency and its relation to some clinical variables in these cases. Medical records of each patient were reviewed to obtain data on the following features: age, sex, skin color, toxic habits, arterial pressure, and chronic complications of diabetes. High blood pressure was present in 210 patients (70 %, from them 57 (27.1 % had isolated systolic hypertension, 39 (18.5 % diastolic hypertension, and 114 (54.4 % systolic-diastolic hypertension. Arterial hypertension was present from onset of diabetes in 62.9 %. The 76.1 % of hypertensive patients had overweight or obesity (p= 0.0557. The relationship was significant between arterial hypertension and ischemic heart disease (p = 0.0117. With regard to ictus and peripheral arterial failure, although most of cases were hypertensive, there was not statistic significance (p= 0.8261, p= 0.8600. The 71,1 % of patients presenting with diabetic retinopathy and the 75 % with diabetic nephropathy were hypertensive (p= 0.8261, p= 0.8600. We conclude that arterial hypertension shows a high incidence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus due to its presence in a significant percentage from the diabetes diagnosis and it is markedly associated with presence of ischemic heart disease.

Eduardo Valdés Ramos

2009-12-01

125

Profile of Infections in Newly Diagnosed Patients with Acute Leukemia During the Induction Phase of Treatment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Acute leukemia is the most common pediatric malignancy. Despite the significant progress in the treatment of infectious complications, infection-related morbidity and mortality continue to be of great importance. Prompt initiation of the appropriate empiric antibiotic treatment has improved infection outcome. The aim of the present study is to assess the type, frequency, and severity of infectious complications in a cohort of pediatric cancer patients treated at a single medical institution. We also aim to identify factors affecting bloodstream infections in newly diagnosed ALL and AML pediatric patients during the induction phase of treatment. Patients and Methods: This study was carried out at the Department of Pediatric Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, during the time period from January 1st to June 30th 2007. Inclusion criteria were pediatric age group (from 0-16 years), newly diagnosed acute leukemia, positive blood culture and documented site of infection. Data were analyzed using the SPSS package version 15. A p-value £0.05 was considered significant. Results: This is a retrospective study including 100 newly diagnosed cases of acute leukemia. Fifty-four patients had ALL, and 46 patients had AML. 348 infectious episodes were recorded. Blood stream infections (BSI) occurred once or twice in 32%, 3-4 episodes in 58%, and five or more episodes in 10% of the cases. Gram-positive cocci were the most frequently observed cause of BSI, accounting for 77.9% of the total isolates followed by Gram negative organisms seen in 18.9% and mixed infections in 8%. The majority of the episodes (n= 208, 58.4%) responded to first-line empirical antibiotic therapy. Conclusion: Clinical and laboratory risk factors could be identified and can help prediction of serious BSI.

126

Induction therapy and stem cell mobilization in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma.  

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Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is considered the standard therapy for younger patients with newly diagnosed symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM). The introduction into clinical practice of novel agents, such as the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib and the immunomodulatory derivatives (IMiDs) thalidomide and lenalidomide, has significantly contributed to major advances in MM therapy and prognosis. These novel agents are incorporated into induction regimens to enhance the depth of response before ASCT and further improve post-ASCT outcomes. Between January 2000 and November 2011, 65 patients with MM were transplanted in the Department of Biomedical Science and Clinical Oncology at the University of Bari. According to Durie-Salmon, 60 patients had stage III of disease and 5 stage II. Only 7 patients were in stage B (renal failure). Induction regimens that were administered in two or more cycles were VAD (vincristine, adriamycin, and dexamethasone), Thal-Dex (thalidomide, dexamethasone), Len-Dex (lenalidomide, dexamethasone), Vel-Dex (bortezomib, dexamethasone), VTD (bortezomib, thalidomide, and dexamethasone), and PAD (bortezomib, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, and dexamethasone). In mobilization procedure, the patients received cyclophosphamide and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). The number of cells collected through two or more leukapheresess, response after induction, and toxicity were evaluated to define the more adequate up-front induction regimen in transplantation-eligible MM patients. PMID:22701493

Ria, Roberto; Reale, Antonia; Solimando, Antonio Giovanni; Mangialardi, Giuseppe; Moschetta, Michele; Gelao, Lucia; Iodice, Giuseppe; Vacca, Angelo

2012-01-01

127

Comparison of the Freiburg and Charlson Comorbidity Indices in Predicting Overall Survival in Elderly Patients with Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma  

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Multiple myeloma occurs primarily in elderly patients. Considering the high prevalence of comorbidities, comorbidity is an important issue for the management of myeloma. However, the impact of comorbidity on clinical outcomes has not been fully investigated. We retrospectively analyzed patients with newly diagnosed myeloma. Comorbidities were assessed based on the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) and the Freiburg comorbidity index (FCI). The CCI is a summary measure of 19 comorbid conditions....

Kim, Sung Min; Kim, Moon Jin; Jung, Hyun Ae; Kim, Kihyun; Kim, Seok Jin; Jang, Jun Ho; Kim, Won Seog; Jung, Chul Won

2014-01-01

128

Perfil clínico-epidemiológico de pacientes do Ambulatório de Alergia Ocular da Santa Casa de São Paulo / Clinical and epidemiological profile of patients diagnosed and treated at the Ocular Allergy Sector at Santa Casa de São Paulo  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Traçar o perfil do paciente portador de alergia ocular baseado nos seus dados epidemiológicos, na sua resposta ao tratamento e nas complicações de sua doença. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados 172 prontuários dos pacientes com diagnóstico de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril (CCP), atópica (C [...] CA), sazonal (CAS) e perene (CAP) e que tiveram seguimento mínimo de 6 meses no Ambulatório de Alergia Ocular do Departamento de Oftalmologia da Santa Casa de São Paulo. A análise estatística foi feita pelo método da variância e qui-quadrado. RESULTADOS: A alergia ocular mais freqüente foi a CCP (n=95; 55,2%); com predominância do sexo masculino (n=117; 68,1%). A idade média foi 11,7 anos (± 8,7 anos). Também foi a doença que mais acometeu a visão, sendo que 52,7% tiveram AV = 1,0; dos pacientes com ceratoconjuntivite atópica, 54,4% tinham AV=1,0, daqueles com conjuntivite alérgica sazonal, 75% e daqueles com conjuntivite alér-gica perene, 100% tinham AV=1,0. 96,8% dos portadores de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril apresentaram maior freqüência das crises no calor, e 91,4% dos portadores de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica atópica no frio. As alterações corneais foram mais freqüentes nos pacientes com ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril, com ceratite presente em 57 pacientes (60,0%). Entre as medicações usadas, 21,6% (n=45) precisaram de corticosteróides, sendo que 36,8% destes pacientes portavam conjuntivite alérgica perene (n=35). O cromoglicato dissódico foi, dentre as demais medicações, a que em mais pacientes pareceu controlar os sintomas, com algum sucesso, em todas as formas de alergia ocular. A ressecção de papilas gigantes com transplante autólogo de conjuntiva foi feita em oito pacientes, sendo sete deles portadores de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril e um de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica atópica. CONCLUSÕES: Ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril é o tipo de conjuntivite alérgica mais freqüente em nosso serviço. A droga mais eficaz na nossa experiência parece ser o cromoglicato dissódico, sendo que os corticosteróides são potentes agentes antiinflamatórios que, nestes pacientes, muitas vezes são as únicas drogas capazes de fazer cessar as crises. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To establish a profile of the allergic patient based on clinical manifestations, epidemiological data, treatment response and complications of ocular allergy. METHODS: A retrospective and descriptive study, in which we analyzed data of 172 patients suffering from perennial conjunctivitis, s [...] easonal conjunctivitis, atopic keratoconjunctivitis and vernal keratoconjunctivitis, with at least 6 months of follow-up. The study was performed at the Ocular Allergy Sector of the "Santa Casa de São Paulo". Statistical analysis was performed using variance method and qui-square test. RESULTS: The most frequent form of ocular allergy was vernal keratoconjunctivitis (n=95; 55.2%) and the male sex was predominant (n=117; 68.1%). Mean age was 111.7 years (± 8.7). Vernal keratoconjunctivitis was the disease that most impaired vision, also responsible for corneal complications in 60% of the patients (n=57). Among medications, corticosteroids were used by 21.6% (n=45) of patients and 36.8% of them had vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Disodium cromoglycate was not only the most used medication, but able to successfully control symptoms in most cases. Papilla resection with autologous transplantation had to be performed in 8 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Vernal keratoconjunctivitis showed to be the most frequent form of ocular allergy in our service. The most efficient drug in our experience seemed to be disodium cromoglycate. Corticosteroids were shown to be as potent anti-inflammatory drugs and sometimes were the only way to discontinue crises.

Denise Atique, Goulart; Dario Grechi, Goulart; Marcela Colussi, Cypel; Paulo Elias Correa, Dantas; Maria Cristina, Nishiwaki-Dantas.

2003-10-01

129

Perfil clínico-epidemiológico de pacientes do Ambulatório de Alergia Ocular da Santa Casa de São Paulo Clinical and epidemiological profile of patients diagnosed and treated at the Ocular Allergy Sector at Santa Casa de São Paulo  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Traçar o perfil do paciente portador de alergia ocular baseado nos seus dados epidemiológicos, na sua resposta ao tratamento e nas complicações de sua doença. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados 172 prontuários dos pacientes com diagnóstico de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril (CCP, atópica (CCA, sazonal (CAS e perene (CAP e que tiveram seguimento mínimo de 6 meses no Ambulatório de Alergia Ocular do Departamento de Oftalmologia da Santa Casa de São Paulo. A análise estatística foi feita pelo método da variância e qui-quadrado. RESULTADOS: A alergia ocular mais freqüente foi a CCP (n=95; 55,2%; com predominância do sexo masculino (n=117; 68,1%. A idade média foi 11,7 anos (± 8,7 anos. Também foi a doença que mais acometeu a visão, sendo que 52,7% tiveram AV = 1,0; dos pacientes com ceratoconjuntivite atópica, 54,4% tinham AV=1,0, daqueles com conjuntivite alérgica sazonal, 75% e daqueles com conjuntivite alér-gica perene, 100% tinham AV=1,0. 96,8% dos portadores de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril apresentaram maior freqüência das crises no calor, e 91,4% dos portadores de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica atópica no frio. As alterações corneais foram mais freqüentes nos pacientes com ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril, com ceratite presente em 57 pacientes (60,0%. Entre as medicações usadas, 21,6% (n=45 precisaram de corticosteróides, sendo que 36,8% destes pacientes portavam conjuntivite alérgica perene (n=35. O cromoglicato dissódico foi, dentre as demais medicações, a que em mais pacientes pareceu controlar os sintomas, com algum sucesso, em todas as formas de alergia ocular. A ressecção de papilas gigantes com transplante autólogo de conjuntiva foi feita em oito pacientes, sendo sete deles portadores de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril e um de ceratoconjuntivite alérgica atópica. CONCLUSÕES: Ceratoconjuntivite alérgica primaveril é o tipo de conjuntivite alérgica mais freqüente em nosso serviço. A droga mais eficaz na nossa experiência parece ser o cromoglicato dissódico, sendo que os corticosteróides são potentes agentes antiinflamatórios que, nestes pacientes, muitas vezes são as únicas drogas capazes de fazer cessar as crises.PURPOSE: To establish a profile of the allergic patient based on clinical manifestations, epidemiological data, treatment response and complications of ocular allergy. METHODS: A retrospective and descriptive study, in which we analyzed data of 172 patients suffering from perennial conjunctivitis, seasonal conjunctivitis, atopic keratoconjunctivitis and vernal keratoconjunctivitis, with at least 6 months of follow-up. The study was performed at the Ocular Allergy Sector of the "Santa Casa de São Paulo". Statistical analysis was performed using variance method and qui-square test. RESULTS: The most frequent form of ocular allergy was vernal keratoconjunctivitis (n=95; 55.2% and the male sex was predominant (n=117; 68.1%. Mean age was 111.7 years (± 8.7. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis was the disease that most impaired vision, also responsible for corneal complications in 60% of the patients (n=57. Among medications, corticosteroids were used by 21.6% (n=45 of patients and 36.8% of them had vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Disodium cromoglycate was not only the most used medication, but able to successfully control symptoms in most cases. Papilla resection with autologous transplantation had to be performed in 8 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Vernal keratoconjunctivitis showed to be the most frequent form of ocular allergy in our service. The most efficient drug in our experience seemed to be disodium cromoglycate. Corticosteroids were shown to be as potent anti-inflammatory drugs and sometimes were the only way to discontinue crises.

Denise Atique Goulart

2003-10-01

130

Time trend in Alzheimer diagnoses and the association between distance to an Alzheimer clinic and Alzheimer diagnosis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Centralization of specialized health care in Denmark has caused increased geographical distance to health-care providers, which may be a barrier for Alzheimer patients to seek health care. We examined the incidence of Alzheimer diagnosis in Denmark between 2000 and 2009 and investigated the association between patients' distance to Alzheimer clinics and Alzheimer diagnoses. METHODS: Data of all individuals aged 65+ years were collected from Danish national registers. Incidences of Alzheimer diagnoses were analysed with joinpoint regression and hazard ratios (HRs) for Alzheimer diagnoses were analysed with Cox regressions. RESULTS: The annual incidence of Alzheimer diagnoses increased with 32.5% [95% confidence interval (CI): 7.1-63.8] among individuals aged 65-74 years from 2000 to 2002 and with 29.1% (95% CI: 11.0-50.2) among individuals aged 75+ years from 2000 to 2003. For both groups, incidence during subsequent years stagnated (0.4%, 95% CI: -1.7 to 2.6; 2.3%, 95% CI: 1.5-6.). From 2008 to 2009, 8605 individuals got an Alzheimer diagnosis. These individuals had a shorter distance to Alzheimer clinics (16.6 vs. 19.1 km, P < 0.001), higher mean age (80.7 vs. 73.7 years, P < 0.001) and were more often women (63.1 vs. 55.9%, P < 0.001). There were inverse associations between distance to Alzheimer clinics and Alzheimer diagnoses (0-19 km: reference; 20-39 km: HR = 0.80, 95% CI: 0.70-0.92; 40-59 km: HR = 0.65, 95% CI: 0.52-0.81). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of Alzheimer diagnoses stagnated from 2002/03 to 2009 in Denmark-a period during which distances to health-care providers in general increased. The inverse association between geographical distance to Alzheimer clinics and Alzheimer diagnoses suggests that distance exclude a segment of the elderly population from an appropriate diagnostic workup and treatment.

JØrgensen, Terese Sara HØj; Torp-Pedersen, Christian

2014-01-01

131

Prevalence, severity and correlates of fatigue in newly diagnosed patients with myelodysplastic syndromes.  

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The primary objective of this study was to investigate factors associated with fatigue severity in newly diagnosed patients with higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). The secondary objectives were to assess symptom prevalence and to examine the relationships between fatigue, quality of life (QoL) and overall symptom burden in these patients. The analyses were conducted in 280 higher-risk MDS patients. Pre-treatment patient-reported fatigue was evaluated with the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue scale and QoL was assessed with the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30). Female gender (P = 0·018), poor performance status (i.e., ECOG of 2-4) (P prevalent symptoms were as follows: fatigue (92%), dyspnoea (63%) and pain (55%). Patients with higher levels of fatigue also had greater overall symptom burdens. The mean global QoL scores of patients with the highest versus those with the lowest levels of fatigue were 29·2 [standard deviation (SD), 18·3] and 69·0 (SD, 18·8), respectively and this difference was four times the magnitude of a clinically meaningful difference. Patient-reported fatigue severity revealed the effects of disease burden on overall QoL more accurately than did degree of anaemia. Special attention should be given to the female patients in the management of fatigue. PMID:25272332

Efficace, Fabio; Gaidano, Gianluca; Breccia, Massimo; Criscuolo, Marianna; Cottone, Francesco; Caocci, Giovanni; Bowen, David; Lübbert, Michael; Angelucci, Emanuele; Stauder, Reinhard; Selleslag, Dominik; Platzbecker, Uwe; Sanpaolo, Grazia; Jonasova, Anna; Buccisano, Francesco; Specchia, Giorgina; Palumbo, Giuseppe A; Niscola, Pasquale; Wan, Chonghua; Zhang, Huiyong; Fenu, Susanna; Klimek, Virginia; Beyne-Rauzy, Odile; Nguyen, Khanh; Mandelli, Franco

2015-02-01

132

Treatment needs, diagnoses and use of services for acutely admitted psychiatric patients in northwest Russia and northern Norway  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background We compared demography, diagnoses and clinical needs in acutely admitted psychiatric hospital patients in northwest Russia and northern Norway. Method All acutely admitted psychiatric patients in 1 psychiatric hospital in north-west Russia and 2 in northern Norway were in a three months period assessed with HoNOS and a Norwegian form developed to study acute psychiatric services (MAP. Data from a total of 841 patients were analysed (377 Norwegian, 464 Russian with univariate and multivariate statistics. Results Russian patients were more often males who had paid work. 2/3 were diagnosed with alcohol and organic disorders, and 70% reported problems related to sleep. Depression was widespread, as were problems associated with occupation. Many more Norwegian patients were on various forms of social security and lived in community supported homes. They had a clinical profile of affective disorders, use of drugs, suicidality and problems with activities involved of daily life. Slightly more Norwegian patients were involuntary admitted. Conclusion Acutely admitted psychiatric patients in North West Russia and Northern Norwegian showed different clinical profiles: alcohol, depression and organic disorders characterised Russian patients, affective disorders, suicidality and use of drugs characterised the Norwegians. Whereas Norwegian patients are mainly referred from GPs the Russians come via 1.line psychiatric services (“dispensaries”. Average length of stay for Russian patients was 2.5 times longer than that of the Norwegian.

Sørgaard Knut W

2013-01-01

133

Oncological patterns of care and outcomes for 265 elderly patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma in France.  

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The incidence of glioblastoma (GBM) has increased in patients aged 70 years or older, and will continue to grow. Elderly GBM patients have been excluded from most clinical trials; furthermore, optimal care management as well as benefit/risk ratio of GBM treatments are still being debated. This study describes oncological patterns of care, prognostic factors, and survival for patients ? 70 years in France. We identified patients over 70 with newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed GBM on data previously published by the French Brain Tumor DataBase. We included 265 patients. Neurological deficits and mental status disorders were the most frequent symptoms. The surgery consisted of resection (RS n?=?95) or biopsy (B n?=?170); 98 patients did not have subsequent oncological treatment. After surgery, first-line treatment consisted of radiotherapy (RT n?=?76), chemotherapy (CT n?=?52), and concomitant radiochemotherapy (CRC n?=?39). The median age at diagnosis was 76, 74, and 73 years, respectively, for the untreated, B?+?RT and/or CT, RS?±?RT and/or CT groups. Median survival (in days, 95 % CI) with these main strategies, when analyzed according to surgical groups, was: B-CT n?=?41, 199[155-280]; B-CRC n?=?21, 318[166-480]; B-RT n?=?37, 149[130-214]; RS-CT n?=?11, 245[211-na]; RS-CRC n?=?18, 372[349-593]; RS-RT n?=?39, 269[218-343]. This population study for elderly GBM patients is one of the most important in Europe, and could be considered as a historical cohort to compare future treatments. Moreover, we can hypothesize that elderly patients (versus patients <70 years) are undertreated. Karnofsky performance status seems to be the most relevant clinical predictive factor, and RS and CRC have a positive impact on survival for elderly GBM patients in the general population, at least when feasible. PMID:24526367

Zouaoui, Sonia; Darlix, Amélie; Fabbro-Peray, Pascale; Mathieu-Daudé, Hélène; Rigau, Valérie; Fabbro, Michel; Bessaoud, Faiza; Taillandier, Luc; Ducray, François; Bauchet, Fabienne; Wager, Michel; Faillot, Thierry; Capelle, Laurent; Loiseau, Hugues; Kerr, Christine; Menei, Philippe; Duffau, Hugues; Figarella-Branger, Dominique; Chinot, Olivier; Trétarre, Brigitte; Bauchet, Luc

2014-07-01

134

CLIPPERS among patients diagnosed with non-specific CNS neuroinflammatory diseases  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Chronic Lymphocytic Inflammation with Pontine Perivascular Enhancement Responsive to Steroids (CLIPPERS) is an inflammatory CNS disorder characterized by 1) subacute onset of cerebellar and brainstem symptoms, 2) peripontine contrast-enhancing perivascular lesions with a "salt-and-pepper" appearance on MRI, and 3) angiocentric, predominantly T-lymphocytic infiltration as revealed by brain biopsy. Inflammatory diseases including neuroinfections, CNS lymphoma and neurosarcoidosis must be excluded. Since CLIPPERS was described in 2010, many patients might have been misdiagnosed in the past. We therefore searched medical records from a large tertiary neurological center, the Department of Neurology at Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, for patients discharged between 1999 and 2013 with a diagnosis of "sarcoidosis with other localization", "other acute disseminating demyelination", "other demyelinating disease in the CNS" or "encephalitis, myelitis or encephalomyelitis". Of 206 identified patients, 24had been examined by brain biopsy and were included for further evaluation. Following clinical, neuroradiological and neuropathological review, 3 patients (12.5%) were reclassified as having CLIPPERS. Median long-term follow-up was 75 months. The present results suggest that clinical re-evaluation of patients previously diagnosed with unspecified inflammatory demyelinating CNS disease or atypical neurosarcoidosis may increase the detection rate of CLIPPERS. Further, potentially severe neurological deficits and progressive parenchymal atrophy on MRI may suggest neurodegenerative features, which emphasizes the need for early immunomodulatory treatment.

Kerrn-Jespersen, B M; Lindelof, M

2014-01-01

135

CLIPPERS among patients diagnosed with non-specific CNS neuroinflammatory diseases.  

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Chronic Lymphocytic Inflammation with Pontine Perivascular Enhancement Responsive to Steroids (CLIPPERS) is an inflammatory CNS disorder characterized by 1) subacute onset of cerebellar and brainstem symptoms, 2) peripontine contrast-enhancing perivascular lesions with a "salt-and-pepper" appearance on MRI, and 3) angiocentric, predominantly T-lymphocytic infiltration as revealed by brain biopsy. Inflammatory diseases including neuroinfections, CNS lymphoma and neurosarcoidosis must be excluded. Since CLIPPERS was described in 2010, many patients might have been misdiagnosed in the past. We therefore searched medical records from a large tertiary neurological center, the Department of Neurology at Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, for patients discharged between 1999 and 2013 with a diagnosis of "sarcoidosis with other localization", "other acute disseminating demyelination", "other demyelinating disease in the CNS" or "encephalitis, myelitis or encephalomyelitis". Of 206 identified patients, 24 had been examined by brain biopsy and were included for further evaluation. Following clinical, neuroradiological and neuropathological review, 3 patients (12.5%) were reclassified as having CLIPPERS. Median long-term follow-up was 75 months. The present results suggest that clinical re-evaluation of patients previously diagnosed with unspecified inflammatory demyelinating CNS disease or atypical neurosarcoidosis may increase the detection rate of CLIPPERS. Further, potentially severe neurological deficits and progressive parenchymal atrophy on MRI may suggest neurodegenerative features, which emphasizes the need for early immunomodulatory treatment. PMID:24954086

Kerrn-Jespersen, B M; Lindelof, M; Illes, Zsolt; Blaabjerg, Morten; Lund, E L; Klausen, C; Christiansen, I; Sellebjerg, F; Kondziella, D

2014-08-15

136

[The patient in the psychiatric emergency ambulance: diagnoses, reasons and comparison of layperson vs. physician viewpoints].  

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A survey in specialties other than psychiatry showed that "emergency room"-patients have factors other than the presenting disease that determine the usage of urgent medical evaluation. In the following prospective study 104 outpatients presenting at daytime in a university psychiatric emergency care unit were included over 6 months. Apart from social and epidemiological data, illnesses according to ICD-10, reason for presentation from the patient's point of view and in this regard the physician's evaluation were included. The most prevalent diagnoses were depression, adjustment disorders and anxiety disorders, comprising together 75 %. Organic disorders or addictive disorders were less frequent; psychoses were found in 8 %. Concerning the presentation as an emergency, 70 % of patients reported a subjective clinical deterioration but only 44 % were regarded as an urgent need in the responsible physician's point of view (Cohen's kappa 0.39). Our findings show that patients presenting as "psychiatric emergency cases" without appointment mainly suffer from depression, adjustment disorders and panic disorders. Furthermore, the layperson's point of view of clinical deterioration justifying an emergency presentation differs from physician's evaluation. The most likely cause for this disagreement between physicians and patients in the assessment to utilise a medical emergency care service in psychiatry might be dysfunctional or, respectively, negative-biased cognitions accompanying depressive syndromes. PMID:21480151

Quandt, F; Wendel, S; Degirmenci, U; Kreil, S; Bayerlein, K; Rotter, A; Kornhuber, J; Weih, M

2011-04-01

137

Comprehensive Literature Review: Recent Advances in Diagnosing and Managing Patients with Poorly Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma  

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Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas are a rare form of thyroid carcinomas; they display an intermediate behavior between well-differentiated and anaplastic thyroid carcinomas. PDTCs are more aggressive than the well-differentiated, but less aggressive than the undifferentiated or anaplastic, forms. No clinical features can accurately diagnose poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas. Thus, the results of histocytology, immunohistochemistry, and molecular genetics tests aid in diagnosis. Given the aggressiveness of poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas and the poor survival rates in patients who undergo surgery alone, a multimodality treatment approach is required. We conducted a comprehensive review of the current diagnostic and therapeutic tools in the management of patients with poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas. PMID:23476646

Hannallah, Jack; Rose, Jessica; Guerrero, Marlon A.

2013-01-01

138

Hashimoto thyroiditis is more frequent than expected when diagnosed by cytology which uncovers a pre-clinical state  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Our Thyroid-Multidisciplinary Clinic is a large referral site for thyroid diseases. Thyroid biopsies are mainly performed for thyroid cancer screening. Yet, Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT is being too frequently diagnosed. The prevalence of HT is reported as 0.3-1.2% or twice the prevalence of type 1 diabetes. However, the prevalence of HT confirmed by cytology is still uncertain. To evaluate different aspects of thyroid physiopathology including prevalence of Hashimoto's, a database of clinical features, ultrasound images and cytology results of patients referred for FNA of thyroid nodules was prospectively developed. Methods We retrospectively studied 811 consecutive patients for whom ultrasound guided thyroid FNA biopsies were performed at our clinic over 2.5 year period (Mar/2006-Sep/2008. Results The analysis of our database revealed that from 761 patients, 102 (13.4% had HT, from whom 56 (7.4% were euthyroid or had sub-clinical (non-hypothyroid disease, and 46 (6% were clinically hypothyroid. Conclusions This is the first study to show such a high prevalence of HT diagnosed by ultrasound-guided FNA. More strikingly, the prevalence of euthyroid HT, appears to be >5% similar to that of type 2 diabetes. Based on our results, there might be a need to follow up on cytological Hashimoto's to monitor for thyroid failure, especially in high risk states, like pregnancy. The potential risk for thyroid cancer in patients with biopsy-proven inflammation of thyroid epithelium remains to be established prospectively. However, it may explain the increased risk for thyroid cancer observed in patients with elevated but within normal TSH.

Staii Anca

2010-12-01

139

Psychiatric illness and psychosocial concerns of patients with newly diagnosed lung cancer.  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE: To determine the nature and incidence of psychiatric illness, symptoms of potential psychiatric significance, substance abuse and psychosocial concerns among patients with newly diagnosed lung cancer. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Kingston Regional Cancer Centre, a tertiary care facility for ambulatory cancer patients. PATIENTS: Seventy-one consecutive English-speaking patients with recently diagnosed lung cancer undergoing radiotherapy or chemotherapy were asked to participate; 52...

Ginsburg, M. L.; Quirt, C.; Ginsburg, A. D.; Mackillop, W. J.

1995-01-01

140

Folate concentrations in pediatric patients with newly diagnosed inflammatory bowel disease1234  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Folate is postulated to protect against cell injury and long-term risk of cancer. Folate deficiency has been shown to be associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, folate concentrations are poorly delineated in children with IBD. Objective: The objective was to compare folate concentrations between children with newly diagnosed IBD and healthy controls. Design: Red blood cell folate (RBCF) and whole-blood folate (WBF) concentrations were measured in 78 children (mean age: 12.8 ± 2.7 y): 22 patients with newly diagnosed untreated Crohn disease, 11 patients with ulcerative colitis, 4 patients with indeterminate colitis, and 41 controls. Vitamin supplementation and dietary intakes determined by food-frequency questionnaire were recorded for 20 IBD patients and 28 controls. Results: RBCF concentrations were 19.4% lower in controls (587.0 ± 148.6 ng/mL) than in patients (728.7 ± 185.8 ng/mL; P = 0.0004), and WBF concentrations were 11.1% lower in controls (218.2 ± 49.7 ng/mL) than in patients (245.3 ± 59.1 ng/mL; P = 0.031). Total folate intake was 18.8% higher in controls (444.7 ± 266.7 ?g/d) than in IBD patients (361.1 ± 230.6 ?g/d), but this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.264). Folate intakes were below the Recommended Dietary Allowance (200–400 ?g/d), adjusted for age and sex, in 35.4% of study subjects. Conclusions: In contrast with previous evidence of folate deficiency in adult IBD patients, our data indicate higher folate concentrations in children with newly diagnosed untreated IBD than in controls. This finding was unexpected, especially in light of the higher dietary folate intakes and hematocrit values in children without IBD. The influence of IBD therapy on folate metabolism and the long-term clinical implications of high RBCF and WBF concentrations at the time of IBD diagnosis should be explored further. PMID:19116333

Heyman, Melvin B; Garnett, Elizabeth A; Shaikh, Nishat; Huen, Karen; Jose, Folashade A; Harmatz, Paul; Winter, Harland S; Baldassano, Robert N; Cohen, Stanley A; Gold, Benjamin D; Kirschner, Barbara S; Ferry, George D; Stege, Erin; Holland, Nina

2009-01-01

141

Rapid determination of natural steroidal hormones in saliva for the clinical diagnoses  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Saliva samples are easily collectable and non-invasive, and the monitoring of natural steroidal hormones, such as estrone (E1), 17?-estradiol (E2), estriol (E3), progesterone (P), and testosterone (T), in saliva has attracted much attention due to its numerous potential clinical and health-related applications. Because E1, E2, E3, P and T are useful indicators in numerous clinical and health-related diagnoses, there is a need for simultaneous determinatio...

Oh Jin-Aa; Shin Ho-Sang

2012-01-01

142

Randomized controlled trial of oral vs intravenous therapy for the clinically diagnosed acute uncomplicated diverticulitis.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Despite the high prevalence of hospitalization for left iliac fossa tenderness, there is a striking lack of randomized data available to guide therapy. The authors hypothesize that an oral antibiotic and fluids are not inferior to intravenous (IV) antibiotics and \\'bowel rest\\' in clinically diagnosed acute uncomplicated diverticulitis.

Ridgway, P F

2009-11-01

143

Annual Research Review: Progress in Using Brain Morphometry as a Clinical Tool for Diagnosing Psychiatric Disorders  

Science.gov (United States)

Brain morphometry in recent decades has increased our understanding of the neural bases of psychiatric disorders by localizing anatomical disturbances to specific nuclei and subnuclei of the brain. At least some of these disturbances precede the overt expression of clinical symptoms and possibly are endophenotypes that could be used to diagnose an…

Haubold, Alexander; Peterson, Bradley S.; Bansal, Ravi

2012-01-01

144

Genetical analysis of all Danish patients diagnosed with chronic granulomatous disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited disorder of the innate immune system caused by a defect in NADPH oxidase, leaving the granulocytes unable to kill invading microorganisms. CGD is caused by mutation in one of the five components gp91phox, p22phox, p47phox, p67phox and p40phox, encoded by the X-linked CYBB gene and the autosomal CYBA, NCF1, NCF2 and NCF4 genes respectively. We have collected samples from all Danish patients with known CGD followed in the clinic or newly diagnosed during a 5-year period, a cohort of 27 patients, and characterized them genetically. The cohort includes 10 male patients with X-linked CGD and one female with extremely lyonized expression of a defective CYBB allele. Six patients had mutation in CYBA. Seven of 10 patients with a defect in NCF1 were homozygous for the common GT deletion, one was compound heterozygous for the GT deletion and a splice-site mutation, and two patients were homozygous for a nonsense mutation in exon 7. Three novel mutations were detected, a deletion of exon 6 in CYBA, a duplication of exon 8-13 in CYBB and a splice site mutation in intron 7 of NCF1. PMID:22924696

Jakobsen, M A; Katzenstein, T L; Valerius, N H; Roos, D; Fisker, N; Mogensen, T H; Jensen, P Ø; Barington, T

2012-11-01

145

Comparison of diabetes patients with “demyelinating” diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy to those diagnosed with CIDP  

Science.gov (United States)

Background We have previously identified a subset of diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSP) patients with probable demyelination related to poor glycemic control. We aimed to determine whether the clinical characteristics and electrodiagnostic classification of nerve injury in diabetes patients with “demyelinating” DSP (D-DSP) differed from those diagnosed with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) (CIDP + diabetes mellitus [DM]). Methods D-DSP (56) and CIDP + DM (67) subjects underwent clinical examination and nerve conduction studies (NCS), and were compared using analysis of variance, contingency tables, and Kruskal–Wallis analyses. Results Of the 123 subjects with a mean age of 60.5 ± 15.6 years and mean hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of 8.2 ± 2.2%, 54% had CIDP + DM and 46% had D-DSP. CIDP + DM subjects were older (P = 0.0003), had shorter duration of diabetes (P = 0.005), and more severe neuropathy as indicated by Toronto Clinical Neuropathy Score (TCNS) (P = 0.003), deep tendon reflexes (P = 0.02), and vibration perception thresholds (VPT) (P = 0.01, P = 0.02). The mean HbA1c value for D-DSP subjects (8.9 ± 2.3%) was higher than in CIDP + DM subjects (7.7 ± 2.0%, P = 0.02). Conclusions The clinical phenotype and electrophysiological profile of CIDP + DM patients is marked by more severe neuropathy and better glycemic control than in patients with D-DSP. These findings indicate that these two conditions – despite similarities in their electrophysiological pattern of demyelination – likely differ in etiology. PMID:24363969

Dunnigan, Samantha K; Ebadi, Hamid; Breiner, Ari; Katzberg, Hans D; Lovblom, Leif E; Perkins, Bruce A; Bril, Vera

2013-01-01

146

Clinical Analysis of 10 AIDS Patients with Malignant Lymphoma  

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Full Text Available Objective This work summarizes the clinical features and treatment of 10 AIDS patients with malignant lymphoma. Methods A total of 10 AIDS patients with malignant lymphoma seen in Beijing Ditan Hospital since 2009 were enrolled. Clinical Manifestations, pathological examinations, immunity levels, Epstein-Barr virus antibody examinations, complications, treatments, and outcomes were retrospectively analyzed. Results The main clinical manifestations of these patients included intermittent fever in 2 cases, neck masses and fever in 3 cases, auxiliary lymph node enlargement in 2 cases, and abdominal pain and bloating with fever in 3 cases. Up to 7 patients were pathologically diagnosed with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL, and 3 patients were pathologically diagnosed with Burkitt’s lymphoma. Up to 8 patients had CD4 cell counts below 200/?L, and 2 patients had a level of more than 200/?L. Up to 7 patients were negative for EBV-IgM antibodies and 3 patients were not examined. Six patients underwent different chemotherapy and their prognoses were different. One patient with Burkitt’s lymphoma alternatively took CODOXM and IVAC for 3 turns after VP chemotherapy; 1 patient with liver metastasis took R-CHOP 5 times, then changed therapy regimen to R-MINE and MINE. One patient with adrenal DLBCL took CHOP 6 times. Three patients with DLBCL took CHOP 1 or 2 times. Four patients gave up treatment. Various infections and side effects occurred, including bone marrow suppression, gastrointestinal bleeding, and renal dysfunction during chemotherapy. Six patients took HAART, and 4 did not. Six patients died, whereas 3 patients got improved; and 1 patient was discharged. Conclusions AIDS patients with malignant lymphoma had various clinical manifestations, were immunocompromised, and had multiple metastases when they were admitted; they were already in the interim or late stage of lymphoma. Chemotherapy was not effective, and additional complications occurred. HAART failed to improve patient prognosis, and the overall prognosis was poor.

Gui-ju Gao

2012-06-01

147

Cost-effectiveness analysis of the available strategies for diagnosing malaria in outpatient clinics in Zambia  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Malaria in Zambia accounts for about 4 million clinical cases and 8 000 deaths annually. Artemether-lumefantrine (ACT, a relatively expensive drug, is being used as first line treatment of uncomplicated malaria. However, diagnostic capacity in Zambia is low, leading to potentially avoidable wastage of drugs due to unnecessary anti malarial treatment. Methods A cost-effectiveness evaluation of the three current alternatives to malaria diagnosis (clinical, microscopy and Rapid Diagnostic Tests- RDT was conducted in 12 facilities from 4 districts in Zambia. The analysis was conducted along an observational study, thus reflecting practice in health facilities under routine conditions. Average and incremental cost effectiveness ratios were estimated from the providers' perspective. Effectiveness was measured in relation to malaria cases correctly diagnosed by each strategy. Results Average cost-effectiveness ratios show that RDTs were more efficient (US$ 6.5 than either microscopy (US$ 11.9 or clinical diagnosis (US$ 17.1 for malaria case correctly diagnosed. In relation to clinical diagnoses the incremental cost per case correctly diagnosed and treated was US$ 2.6 and US$ 9.6 for RDT and microscopy respectively. RDTs would be much cheaper to scale up than microscopy. The findings were robust to changes in assumptions and various parameters. Conclusion RDTs were the most cost effective method at correctly diagnosing malaria in primary health facilities in Zambia when compared to clinical and microscopy strategies. However, the treatment prescription practices of the health workers can impact on the potential that a diagnostic test has to lead to savings on antimalarials. The results of this study will serve to inform policy makers on which alternatives will be most efficient in reducing malaria misdiagnosis by taking into account both the costs and effects of each strategy.

Chanda Pascalina

2009-04-01

148

Molecular detection of Rifampicin and Isoniazid resistance in culture isolates of newly diagnosed TB patients  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB isan emerging public health problem in many regions of the world, particularly in developing nations. Accurate and rapid diagnosisis essential in the management of MDR-TB, not onlyto optimize treatment but also to prevent transmission. Aims: To evaluate drug resistance in culture isolates by conventional and molecular methods and detect drug resistance gene in MDR-TB patients. Material and Method: 100 newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis (TB diagnosed patients attending TB Clinic, Gandhi Hospital, Secunderabad were included in the study. Two sputum samples collected from the patients were subjected to sputum microscopy, culture, Drug Susceptibility Testing (DST. Geno Type Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Drug Resistance (MTBDR plus assay was done on the culture isolates to detect Rifampicin and Isoniazid (INH resistance. Results: Out of 100 samples, 48 % smear positivity by Ziehl Neelsen (ZN method, 51 % culture positivity on LJ medium,11.7% multi drug resistance for Rifampicin and Isoniazid with conventional drug susceptibility – Proportion method,17.6 % drug resistance by molecular method – Geno Type MTBDR plus was observed. Among the 4 Rifampicin (Rif resistant isolates 2isolates showed mutation (mut at D516V and in other 2 isolates only wild type (WT was missing but no mut was seen . In the 1 Isoniazid (INH resistant isolate WT was missing, but no mutation was seen. Among the 4 Rif +INH resistance all showed mut at S531L for RIF and at S315T1. Conclusion: The Genotype MTBDR assay is a rapid and reliable tool for the routine direct detection of MTB strains and of strains resistant to INH and RIF in smear positive, highly infectious patients. The rapid turn around time of the test enables the optimization of the therapy of these patients before confirmatory culture results are available. The test does not require viable organisms and thus reduces the biohazard risk in the laboratory.

Vanisree R, Kavitha Latha M, Neelima A, Prasanti

2014-04-01

149

Pharmacokinetic of Arsenic Trioxide in Newly Diagnosed Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia Patients  

OpenAIRE

The high complete remission rate with arsenic trioxide (ATO) in relapsed Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (APL) patients has been led to its use in newly diagnosed patients. Twenty newly diagnosed APL patients between January 2006 and 2007 received 2 h intravenous infusion of 10 mg day-1 arsenic trioxide for induction therapy until achieving complete remission. Plasma arsenic concentration was analyzed by graphite furnace atomic absorption method by dilution of plasma with a sui...

Hosseini, R.; Mandegary, A.; Alimoghaddam, K.; Ghavamzadeh, A.; Ghahremani, M. H.

2008-01-01

150

Comorbidities and Survival in a Large Cohort of Patients with Newly Diagnosed Myelodysplastic Syndromes  

OpenAIRE

Comorbid conditions have rarely been systematically studied among patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We conducted a large population-based study to assess the role of comorbidity in the survival of newly diagnosed MDS patients. This study included 1,708 MDS patients (age ? 66 years) diagnosed in the US during 2001–2002, with follow-up through the end of 2004. Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated using multivariate Cox proportional hazard models. The median survival time was appr...

Wang, Rong; Gross, Cary P.; Halene, Stephanie; Ma, Xiaomei

2009-01-01

151

Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT for non- pathologically diagnosed lung cancer patients  

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Full Text Available

Objective: Medically inoperable patients with primary or recurrent lung cancer are increasingly being diagnosed clinically without pathologic confirmation especially for patients with comorbidities that preclude biopsy. The objective of this study is to report the outcomes of medically inoperable patients with unbiopsied primary or recurrent lung carcinoma with SBRT.
Methods: From 2008-2011, 22 patients with non-pathologically diagnosed primary or recurrent lung cancer were treated with SBRT. All patients had diagnostic imaging clinically consistent with primary or recurrent lung malignancy. Fifteen patients had primary lung cancer and 7 had recurrent disease previously treated with surgery or fractionated radiotherapy. Median SBRT dose was 50 Gy (Range 40-55 Gy in a median of 5 fractions (Range 4-10 fractions. Median BED was 100 Gy (Range 72-151.2 Gy.
Results: Median follow up is 15.3 months (Range 6.6-33.0 months. Primary tumors had a median longest dimension on the original CT of 1.6cm, which enlarged to 2.0cm (P<0.001 on serial CT and decreased to 1.3cm (P=0.003 after SBRT. Recurrent tumors had a median longest dimension of 1.6cm, which increased to 2.7cm (P=0.33 on repeat CT and subsequently stabilized at 2.7cm after SBRT. On FDG-PET scan, median standard uptake value (SUV for the entire population is 5.4 before SBRT which decreased to 2.3 (P<0.001 after treatment. For the entire population, absolute local control was 90.9%. Kaplan-Meier curves estimates at 2 years show regional control 100%, distant control 75%, cancer specific survival 92%, and overall survival 75%. There were no grade 3/4 acute or chronic treatment-related toxicities.
Conclusions: In medically inoperable patients, a diagnosis of lung cancer can be provisionally made radiographically without pathologic confirmation. Local control can be achieved with minimal toxicity with the use of SBRT.

Anthony E Dragun

2012-06-01

152

Use of the star sign to diagnose internal fistulas in pediatric patients with penetrating Crohn disease by MR enterography  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Development of internal fistula due to extramural spread of inflammatory bowel disease is a characteristic feature of penetrating disease in patients with Crohn disease. The ''star sign'' is a radiological finding of internal fistula that has previously been described in the gastroenterology literature in adult Crohn disease patients undergoing MR enteroclysis. The goal of this paper is to review the clinical and imaging features of penetrating disease in pediatric Crohn disease patients, highlighting the star sign as a useful diagnostic tool for diagnosing internal fistula in children by MR enterography. The recognition of penetrating complications by MR imaging can have important therapeutic and prognostic implications. (orig.)

Braithwaite, Kiery A.; Alazraki, Adina L. [Emory University, Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Children' s Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA (United States)

2014-08-15

153

Use of the star sign to diagnose internal fistulas in pediatric patients with penetrating Crohn disease by MR enterography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Development of internal fistula due to extramural spread of inflammatory bowel disease is a characteristic feature of penetrating disease in patients with Crohn disease. The ''star sign'' is a radiological finding of internal fistula that has previously been described in the gastroenterology literature in adult Crohn disease patients undergoing MR enteroclysis. The goal of this paper is to review the clinical and imaging features of penetrating disease in pediatric Crohn disease patients, highlighting the star sign as a useful diagnostic tool for diagnosing internal fistula in children by MR enterography. The recognition of penetrating complications by MR imaging can have important therapeutic and prognostic implications. (orig.)

154

Clinical Assessment of Patients with Cervicogenic Headache: A Preliminary Study  

OpenAIRE

Background: The traditional diagnostic criteria of cervicogenic headache (CEH) are mainlysubjective symptoms, thus making its differential diagnosis difficult. Thisstudy aimed to evaluate the diagnostic validity of functional plain radiograms,based on the clinical diagnostic criteria of CEH.Methods: Twenty-two patients with subjectively diagnosed cervicogenic headache,including 7 with a traceable history of neck trauma, and 14 healthy subjectsas controls from rehabilitation clinics were evalu...

Jia-Pei Hong; Cheng-Hsiu Lai; Yin-Chou Lin; Shih-Wei Chou

2010-01-01

155

The impact of bevacizumab treatment on survival and quality of life in newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients  

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Full Text Available Hans Skovgaard Poulsen,1,2,* Thomas Urup,1,2,* Signe Regner Michaelsen,1,2 Mikkel Staberg,1,2 Mette Villingshøj,1,2 Ulrik Lassen1–3 1Department of Radiation Biology, 2Department of Oncology, 3Phase I Unit, The Finsencenter, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark  *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM remains one of the most devastating tumors, and patients have a median survival of 15 months despite aggressive local and systemic therapy, including maximal surgical resection, radiation therapy, and concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide. The purpose of antineoplastic treatment is therefore to prolong life, with a maintenance or improvement of quality of life. GBM is a highly vascular tumor and overexpresses the vascular endothelial growth factor A, which promotes angiogenesis. Preclinical data have suggested that anti-angiogenic treatment efficiently inhibits tumor growth. Bevacizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor A, and treatment has shown impressive response rates in recurrent GBM. In addition, it has been shown that response is correlated to prolonged survival and improved quality of life. Several investigations in newly diagnosed GBM patients have been performed during recent years to test the hypothesis that newly diagnosed GBM patients should be treated with standard multimodality treatment, in combination with bevacizumab, in order to prolong life and maintain or improve quality of life. The results of these studies along with relevant preclinical data will be described, and pitfalls in clinical and paraclinical endpoints will be discussed. Keywords: primary treatment, VEGF, quality of life, monoclonal antibody, patient survival, vascular tumor

Poulsen HS

2014-09-01

156

Síntomas, hallazgos radiológicos, endoscópicos y estudios funcionales del esófago en pacientes con hernia hiatal mayor a 5 cm / Clinical and functional features of patients with a hiatal hernia diagnosed during endoscopy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El hallazgo de una hernia hiatal durante un estudio endoscópico se informa frecuentemente. Sin embargo, no hay referencias específicas acerca de los síntomas y los trastornos funcionales del esófago según el tipo de hernia hiatal. Objetivo: Determinar los síntomas predominantes, los hallazgos radiol [...] ógicos y endoscópicos y de los estudios funcionales en pacientes con los diferentes tipos de hernia hiatal. Método: Se evaluaron 115 pacientes, todos con diagnóstico radiológico de hernia hiatal mayor a 5 cm, realizando estudios endoscópicos, histológicos y manometría esofágica, junto a pHmetría de 24 h. Resultados: La edad fue similar en los 4 tipos de hernia hiatal. Síntomas de reflujo gastroesofágico se presentaron con gran frecuencia en hernias tipo I y III, mientras que síntomas mecánicos se manifestaron en hernias tipo IV. El estudio manométrico mostró un esfínter hipotensivo junto con reflujo ácido patológico en casi 90% de las hernias tipo I y IIII. Conclusión: El estudio más útil para el diagnóstico de hernia hiatal es el radiológico. La endoscopia es necesaria para comprobar el daño de la mucosa esofágica. Los estudios funcionales muestran una alta prevalencia de reflujo ácido patológico en hernias hiatales tipo I y II. Abstract in english Background: The finding of a hiatal hernia is usual during upper gastrointestinal endoscopies. However the correlation of symptoms, manometric and radiological findings with the endoscopy report is far from clear. Aim: To assess radiological findings, 24 pH measurements, esophageal manometry and sym [...] ptoms among patients in whom a hiatal hernia was found during an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Material and Methods: One hundred fifteen patients aged 23 to 82 years (77 women), with an endoscopic diagnosis of a hiatal hernia of more than 5 cm were studied. An esophageal manometry and 24 hour pH determination were carried out. Results: Hiatal hernias type I, II, II and IV were found in 50, 12, 38 and 15 patients of similar age, respectively. Gastroesophageal reflux symptoms were more common among patients with hernias type I and III. Mechanical symptoms such as retrosternal pain were more common in type IV hernias. Manometry showed a hypotensive sphincter in 100 and 78% of patients with hernias type I and III, respectively. An abnormal 24 hour pH measurement was found in 95 and 85% of patients with hernias type I and III, respectively. Conclusions: Functional studies show a high frequency of pathological acid reflux among patients with hiatal hernias type I and III.

Attila, Csendes J; Italo, Braghetto M; Ana María, Burgos L; Ana, Henríquez D.

2013-09-01

157

European Myeloma Network recommendations on the evaluation and treatment of newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Multiple myeloma management has undergone profound changes in the past thanks to advances in our understanding of the disease biology and improvements in treatment and supportive care approaches. This article presents recommendations of the European Myeloma Network for newly diagnosed patients based on the GRADE system for level of evidence. All patients with symptomatic disease should undergo risk stratification to classify patients for International Staging System stage (level of evidence: 1A) and for cytogenetically defined high- versus standard-risk groups (2B). Novel-agent-based induction and up-front autologous stem cell transplantation in medically fit patients remains the standard of care (1A). Induction therapy should include a triple combination of bortezomib, with either adriamycin or thalidomide and dexamethasone (1A), or with cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone (2B). Currently, allogeneic stem cell transplantation may be considered for young patients with high-risk disease and preferably in the context of a clinical trial (2B). Thalidomide (1B) or lenalidomide (1A) maintenance increases progression-free survival and possibly overall survival (2B). Bortezomib-based regimens are a valuable consolidation option, especially for patients who failed excellent response after autologous stem cell transplantation (2A). Bortezomib-melphalan-prednisone or melphalan-prednisone-thalidomide are the standards of care for transplant-ineligible patients (1A). Melphalan-prednisone-lenalidomide with lenalidomide maintenance increases progression-free survival, but overall survival data are needed. New data from the phase III study (MM-020/IFM 07-01) of lenalidomide-low-dose dexamethasone reached its primary end point of a statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival as compared to melphalan-prednisone-thalidomide and provides further evidence for the efficacy of lenalidomide-low-dose dexamethasone in transplant-ineligible patients (2B). PMID:24497560

Engelhardt, Monika; Terpos, Evangelos; Kleber, Martina; Gay, Francesca; Wäsch, Ralph; Morgan, Gareth; Cavo, Michele; van de Donk, Niels; Beilhack, Andreas; Bruno, Benedetto; Johnsen, Hans Erik; Hajek, Roman; Driessen, Christoph; Ludwig, Heinz; Beksac, Meral; Boccadoro, Mario; Straka, Christian; Brighen, Sara; Gramatzki, Martin; Larocca, Alessandra; Lokhorst, Henk; Magarotto, Valeria; Morabito, Fortunato; Dimopoulos, Meletios A; Einsele, Hermann; Sonneveld, Pieter; Palumbo, Antonio

2014-02-01

158

Being publicly diagnosed: A grounded theory study of Danish patients with tuberculosis  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB is a disease which affects people worldwide, but there is knowledge lacking about patients’ experiences in low-prevalence and high-income countries. Aim: To provide a theoretical framework for the process of being diagnosed with tuberculosis in a Danish setting. Method: A grounded theory design with field studies and qualitative interviews, following the recommendations from Glaser and Strauss. Result: A process of being publicly diagnosed was identified, which developed during the patient's trajectory from being on the way to becoming a patient, becoming a patient with TB, and finally being in medical treatment. Before being diagnosed with TB, patients were weighing between biding their time and deciding to undergo an examination. Social pressure and feelings of social responsibility tended to affect the decision. Having undergone the examination(s, the patients were publicly diagnosed. Being publicly diagnosed meant changing social interactions and fighting to regain control. Conclusion: Findings offer new insight and an empirically derived basis for developing interventions aimed at reducing the burden of being diagnosed with tuberculosis and increasing the wellbeing of the patients.

Hanne Konradsen

2014-04-01

159

Being publicly diagnosed : A grounded theory study of Danish patients with tuberculosis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Introduction : Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease which affects people worldwide, but there is knowledge lacking about patients' experiences in low-prevalence and high-income countries. Aim : To provide a theoretical framework for the process of being diagnosed with tuberculosis in a Danish setting. Method : A grounded theory design with field studies and qualitative interviews, following the recommendations from Glaser and Strauss. Result : A process of being publicly diagnosed was identified, which developed during the patient's trajectory from being on the way to becoming a patient, becoming a patient with TB, and finally being in medical treatment. Before being diagnosed with TB, patients were weighing between biding their time and deciding to undergo an examination. Social pressure and feelings of social responsibility tended to affect the decision. Having undergone the examination(s), the patients were publicly diagnosed. Being publicly diagnosed meant changing social interactions and fighting to regain control. Conclusion : Findings offer new insight and an empirically derived basis for developing interventions aimed at reducing the burden of being diagnosed with tuberculosis and increasing the wellbeing of the patients.

Konradsen, Hanne; Lillebaek, Troels

2014-01-01

160

Cystoid macular edema diagnosed with optical coherent tomography in patients operated on from cataract  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Refers frequency of cystoid macular edema diagnosed with optical coherence tomography in patients operated on from senile cataract at 'Ramon Pando Ferrer' Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology in the period from December 2006 to February 2007

161

Clinical characteristics of patients with conjunctivochalasis  

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Full Text Available Ozlem Balci Ophthalmology Department, Kolan Hospitalium Group, Istanbul, Turkey Purpose: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with conjunctivochalasis (CCh. Methods and materials: This retrospective study enrolled 30 subjects diagnosed with conjunctivochalasis. Complete ophthalmic examination, including visual acuity assessment, slit-lamp examination, applanation tonometry, dilated funduscopy, tear break-up time, Schirmer 1 test, and fluorescein staining were performed in all patients. Age, sex, laterality, ocular history, symptoms, and clinical findings were recorded. Results: The study included 50 eyes from 30 cases. Ages ranged from 45 to 80 years, with a mean age of 65±10 years. CChs grading were as follows: 30 (60% eyes with grade 1 CCh; 15 (30% eyes with grade 2 CCh; and five (10% eyes with grade 3 CCh. CCh was located in the inferior bulbar conjunctiva in 45 (90% eyes, and in the remaining five (10% CCh was located in the superior bulbar conjunctiva. Ten (33.3% patients had no symptoms. Dryness, eye pain, redness, blurry vision, tired eye feeling, and epiphora were the symptoms encountered in the remaining twenty (63.6% patients. Altered tear meniscus was noted in all cases. The mean tear break-up time was 7.6 seconds. The mean Schirmer 1 test score was 7 mm. Pinguecula was found in ten patients. Conclusion: Dryness, eye pain, redness, blurry vision, and epiphora were the main symptoms in patients with CCh. Dryness, eye pain, and blurry vision were worsened during downgaze and blinking. So CCh should be taken into consideration in the differential diagnosis of chronic ocular irritation and epiphora. Keywords: ocular irritation, epiphora, dryness, eye pain, blurry vision

Balci O

2014-08-01

162

Detection and characterization of nocardia from patients diagnosed as tuberculosis in egypt.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pulmonary tuberculosis and pulmonary nocardiosis are similar in most clinical symptoms and radiological manifestation. In the developing countries like Egypt where tuberculosis is very common, anti-tuberculosis drugs are started on basis of radiology and clinical symptoms. This study included 600 sputum specimens collected from 200 patients diagnosed as pulmonary tuberculosis from three chest hospitals in Egypt. IS6110 specific primer were selected for PCR to identify the Mycobacterium tuberculosis and hsp65 gene specific primers were used for PCR and sequencing for the identification of Mycobacterium and Nocardial species. The region of the gene coding for 16S rRNA in Nocardia species were selected as genus specific primer sequences for a PCR and Real Time PCR assays. Our result confirmed that four whole DNA samples, extracted from sputum specimen from the pulmonary tuberculosis patients on anti-tuberculosis treatment, were Nocardia species. Three of them matched (99% homology) with Nocardia farcinica (formerly Nocardia asteroid type V) and one match (83% homology) with Nocardia pneumonia. Molecular methods such as PCR and real-time PCR for identification of Nocardia are rapid and accurate methods. No cross-reactions were observed using Real Time PCR specific for Nocordia with other closely related genera. PMID:23675087

Helal, Zeinab H; Khan, Mazhar I; Ashour, Mohamed Seif El-Din; Eissa, Somaia A

2008-09-01

163

Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies Are Highly Prevalent in Newly Diagnosed Celiac Disease Patients  

OpenAIRE

Malabsorption, weight loss and vitamin/mineral-deficiencies characterize classical celiac disease (CD). This study aimed to assess the nutritional and vitamin/mineral status of current “early diagnosed” untreated adult CD-patients in the Netherlands. Newly diagnosed adult CD-patients were included (n = 80, 42.8 ± 15.1 years) and a comparable sample of 24 healthy Dutch subjects was added to compare vitamin concentrations. Nutritional status and serum concentrations of folic acid, vitamin ...

Bodegraven, Ad A.; Bokhorst-de Schueren, Marian A. E.; Mulder, Chris J. J.; Marijke Berkenpas; Wierdsma, Nicolette J.

2013-01-01

164

Study on clinically diagnosed tuberculosis cervical lymphadenitis not responding to standard anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy  

OpenAIRE

Out of 50 selected cases of tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis diagnosed on the basis of clinical features but not responding to standard antitubercular drugs for 1 year or deteriorating after 3-6 months’ treatment, 6 cases were culture positive for acid fast bacilli and of these 1 was due to M. tuberculosis and 5 were due to atypical mycobacteria (scotochromogens, Runyon Gr. II). Histopathological examination was suggestive of atypical mycobacteria in 4, Mycobacterium tuberculo...

Paria, K. K.; Ghosh, R. K.; P.; Sengupta, J.; Mukherjee, A. C.; Prodhan, M. C.

1985-01-01

165

Prevalence, incidence, and comorbidity of clinically diagnosed obsessive-compulsive disorder in Taiwan: A national population-based study.  

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Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic debilitating anxiety disorder significant in intrusive thoughts and compensation repetitive behaviors. Few studies have reported on this condition Asia. This study estimated the prevalence, incidence and psychiatric comorbidities of OCD in Taiwan. We identified study subjects for 2000-2008 with a principal diagnosis of OCD according to the International Classification of Disease, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) diagnostic criteria by using National Health Research Institute database. These patients received either outpatient or inpatient care for their condition. Rates were directly age- and sex-adjusted to the 2004 Taiwan population distribution. The estimated mean annual incidence was 27.57 per 10(5) inhabitants and the one year prevalence was 65.05 per 10(5) inhabitants. Incidence and prevalence increased with age, peaking at age 18-24 years in males and at 35-44 years in females. About 53% of adults (?18 years) and 48% of child and adolescent patients (6-17 years) had one or more comorbid psychiatric conditions. The most common comorbid diagnosis was depressive disorders for both adult and child-adolescent patients. We found a lower prevalence and incidence of clinically diagnosed OCD than that of community studies. Many Asian patients with OCD also had various psychiatric comorbidities, a clinically relevant finding. PMID:25169892

Huang, Li-Chung; Tsai, Kuen-Jer; Wang, Hao-Kuang; Sung, Pi-Shan; Wu, Ming-Hsiu; Hung, Kuo-Wei; Lin, Sheng-Hsiang

2014-12-15

166

Cecal volvulus: a rare cause of bowel obstruction in a pediatric patient diagnosed pre-operatively by conventional imaging studies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cecal volvulus is an acute surgical condition that is extremely rare in children, with a mortality rate of up to 40%. The clinical symptoms are often non-specific, and pediatric patients frequently have neurological deficits with associated communication difficulties, making the clinical diagnosis extremely challenging. Conventional radiographic imaging studies play a key role in the prospective diagnosis in children. We report a rare case of cecal volvulus in a 12-year-old boy who was diagnosed pre-operatively by abdominal radiographs and a contrast enema. (orig.)

167

HIV-1 subtype distribution and its demographic determinants in newly diagnosed patients in Europe suggest highly compartmentalized epidemics  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Understanding HIV-1 subtype distribution and epidemiology can assist preventive measures and clinical decisions. Sequence variation may affect antiviral drug resistance development, disease progression, evolutionary rates and transmission routes. Results We investigated the subtype distribution of HIV-1 in Europe and Israel in a representative sample of patients diagnosed between 2002 and 2005 and related it to the demographic data available. 2793 PRO-RT sequences were subtyped either with the REGA Subtyping tool or by a manual procedure that included phylogenetic tree and recombination analysis. The most prevalent subtypes/CRFs in our dataset were subtype B (66.1%, followed by sub-subtype A1 (6.9%, subtype C (6.8% and CRF02_AG (4.7%. Substantial differences in the proportion of new diagnoses with distinct subtypes were found between European countries: the lowest proportion of subtype B was found in Israel (27.9% and Portugal (39.2%, while the highest was observed in Poland (96.2% and Slovenia (93.6%. Other subtypes were significantly more diagnosed in immigrant populations. Subtype B was significantly more diagnosed in men than in women and in MSM > IDUs > heterosexuals. Furthermore, the subtype distribution according to continent of origin of the patients suggests they acquired their infection there or in Europe from compatriots. Conclusions The association of subtype with demographic parameters suggests highly compartmentalized epidemics, determined by social and behavioural characteristics of the patients.

Abecasis Ana B

2013-01-01

168

Outcomes of initial antiretroviral treatment (ART) among recently diagnosed HIV patients in HIV-TR cohort, 2011–2012  

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Introduction HIV-TR is a recently established (2012) multicentre cohort in Turkey. The aim of this study is to analyze epidemiological, immunologic and virologic data of recently diagnosed HIV patients. Materials and Methods Epidemiologic, clinical and laboratory data of all patients diagnosed in 2011 and 2012 were recorded by a web-based data collection system, retrospectively. Results A total of 693 patients (561 male, 132 female) at 24 sites were enrolled. The median age at first presentation for HIV care was 36. The proportion of patients presenting with advanced HIV disease (CD4 count500 copies/mL in 18.5% of patients. Of 531 patients receiving ART, initial combinations consist of tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) plus efavirenz (EFV) in 48.2% and TDF/FTC plus lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) in 37.5% and other combinations in 14.3% of the patients. Pre-treatment HIV-RNA was over 100.000 copies/mL in 52.3% of patients. At Weeks 24 and 48, HIV-RNA wereLPV/r recipients than TDF/FTC+EFV recipients (250 vs 316) (pLPV/r group, 193 in TDF/FTC+EFV group and 216 among all treated patients. Of 531 patients receiving ART, 11 had died and 19 were lost to follow-up. Conclusion Despite 52.4% of recently diagnosed patients were late presenters; a high rate of virologic suppression was achieved in HIV-TR Cohort. A national HIV testing strategy targeting subpopulations with higher risk is urgently needed. PMID:25397428

Korten, Volkan; Gökengin, Deniz; Fincanci, Muzaffer; Yildirmak, Taner; Uzun Kes, Nuray; Ta?delen Fi?gin, Nuriye; Inan, Dilara; Eraksoy, Haluk; Akalin, Halis; Kaptan, Figen

2014-01-01

169

Newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus patients presenting with proliferative diabetic retinopathy as an initial sign  

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Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the clinical features of newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus (NDM patients showing proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR as an initial sign.METHODS: As a retrospective case series, the medical records of a total of four hundred and thirty-two patients who underwent a vitrectomy due to PDR were reviewed to find the subjects. Of 432 patients, six cases of NDM patients showing PDR as an initial sign were included and analyzed with their systemic and ocular features. Main outcome measures:the systemic features and ocular features [preoperative and postoperative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA, intraoperative findings].RESULTS: The mean onset age of visual symptoms was 36.3 years old. The mean serum insulin and C-peptide titer was below the normal range. The mean fasting plasma glucose was 178mg/dL and the mean postprandial 2h plasma glucose was 306mg/dL. The mean HbA1c at diagnosis was 11.02%. In all cases, an acute progressive fibrovascular proliferation was observed. Intraoperative retinal tears were found in three cases of six. The mean preoperative BCVA was +0.67±0.58 logMAR and the mean BCVA at postoperative 6 months was +0.20±0.30 logMAR.CONCLUSION: All patients were considered to have latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA. A rapid deterioration of kidney function as well as poor diabetic control status at diagnosis was observed in all six cases. The ocular features of the patients showed acute progressive fibrovascular proliferation and relatively favorable postoperative visual acuity.

Hoon Park

2014-02-01

170

Do STD clinics correctly diagnose STDs? An assessment of STD management in Hefei, China.  

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The main purposes of the study were to assess the accuracy of laboratory testing and the diagnosis by physicians in sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in Hefei, China. Among 347 men complaining of urethral discharge or dysuria, 240 tested positive at the National Centre for either Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis, 310 tested positive according to the clinic laboratories, and 347 were diagnosed by the physicians. For chlamydia, the sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) of the clinic laboratories were 55% and 26%, and for the diagnosis by the physicians were 61% and 24%. Laboratory testing and the diagnosis by the physicians had low power to detect mixed infection. The PPVs for the diagnosis by the physicians were 50% for syphilis and 43% for herpes simplex virus (HSV), indicating that both syphilis and HSV were over-diagnosed. Over half of those previously infected had not received education to prevent reinfection. Thus, the quality of clinic laboratory testing was not high and physicians often misdiagnosed STDs. PMID:14596769

Liu, H; Detels, R; Yin, Y; Li, X; Visscher, B

2003-10-01

171

Pharmacological therapy in patients diagnosed with Peyronie's disease.  

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Peyronie's disease is still a therapeutic dilemma for the urologist. Although medical treatment includes multiple versions, few therapeutic agents had significant effects. The combination between oral therapy and intralesional agents can improve the quality of life of the patients with Peyronie's disease. PMID:22802890

Halal, A A; Geavlete, P; Ceban, E

2012-06-12

172

Pharmacological therapy in patients diagnosed with Peyronie's disease  

OpenAIRE

Peyronie's disease is still a therapeutic dilemma for the urologist. Although medical treatment includes multiple versions, few therapeutic agents had significant effects. The combination between oral therapy and intralesional agents can improve the quality of life of the patients with Peyronie's disease.

Halal, Aa; Geavlete, P.; Ceban, E.

2012-01-01

173

Using a patient image archive to diagnose retinopathy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Diabetes has become an epidemic that is expected to impact 365 million people worldwide by 2025. Consequently, diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in the industrialized world today. If detected early, treatments can preserve vision and significantly reduce debilitating blindness. Through this research we are developing and testing a method for automating the diagnosis of retinopathy in a screening environment using a patient archive and digital fundus imagery. We present an overview of our content-based image retrieval (CBIR) approach and provide performance results for a dataset of 98 images from a study in Canada when compared to an archive of 1,355 patients from a study in the Netherlands. An aggregate performance of 89% correct diagnosis is achieved, demonstrating the potential of automated, web-based diagnosis for a broad range of imagery collected under different conditions and with different cameras.

Tobin Jr, Kenneth William [ORNL; Abramoff, M.D. [University of Iowa; Chaum, Edward [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Giancardo, Luca [ORNL; Govindaswamy, Priya [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Karnowski, Thomas Paul [ORNL; Tennant, M [University of Alberta; Swainson, Stephen [University of Alberta

2008-01-01

174

Decitabine in patients with newly diagnosed and relapsed acute myeloid leukemia  

OpenAIRE

Treatment options for older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and for patients with relapsed/refractory AML are limited, and outcomes are poor. Decitabine, a hypomethylating agent, is active in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and AML, but its optimal dose and schedule are unknown. We report the efficacy and safety of repeated 10-day cycles of decitabine 20 mg/m2 administered intravenously over 1 h in 52 newly diagnosed and 102 relapsed/refractory patients. Repeated 10-da...

Ritchie, Ellen K.; Feldman, Eric J.; Christos, Paul J.; Rohan, Sarah D.; Lagassa, Catherine B.; Ippoliti, Cindy; Scandura, Joseph M.; Carlson, Karen; Roboz, Gail J.

2013-01-01

175

Combination of melphalan and dexamethasone for patients with newly diagnosed POEMS syndrome  

OpenAIRE

POEMS syndrome is a rare clonal plasma cell disorder without standard treatment. Based on the efficacy and low toxicity of a combination of melphalan and dexamethasone (MDex) for light chain amyloidosis, we conducted a prospective study of MDex treatment for patients with newly diagnosed POEMS syndrome. Thirty-one patients (19 men) were enrolled and the median age at the time of diagnosis was 44 years (range, 32-68 years). All patients received 12 cycles of MDex treatment. Twenty-five patient...

Li, Jian; Zhang, Wei; Jiao, Li; Duan, Ming-hui; Guan, Hong-zhi; Zhu, Wei-guo; Tian, Zhuang; Zhou, Dao-bin

2011-01-01

176

The challenge of diagnosing ALS in patients with prior poliomyelitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Four patients with postpolio syndrome (PPS) developed ALS. Weakness and atrophy started from previously unaffected extremities but, contrary to PPS, spread to all muscles leading to death within 0.4 to 8 (mean 3.9) years. Upper motor neuron signs were absent in the atrophic limbs. Abundant spontaneous activity and group atrophy in newly affected muscles were prominent. ALS can rarely occur in the postpolio population starting de novo rather than as evolution of PPS. PMID:17000983

Salajegheh, Mohammad; Bryan, Wilson W; Dalakas, Marinos C

2006-09-26

177

Nursing diagnoses in chronic renal failure patients on hemodialysis / Diagnósticos de enfermagem em pacientes renais crônicos em hemodiálise  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: identificar os diagnósticos de enfermagem mais frequentes em pacientes renais crônicos em hemodiálise. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com a inclusão de 178 pacientes, selecionados por amostragem de conveniência do tipo consecutiva. Para a coleta foram utilizados roteiros de entrevista e [...] exame físico. Foi realizado um processo individual de julgamento clínico dos diagnósticos de enfermagem e os resultados obtidos passaram por processo de revisão de forma pareada entre os autores, para maior acurácia. RESULTADOS: Identificaram-se 24 diagnósticos de enfermagem, sendo os mais frequentes: risco de infecção (100%); volume de líquidos excessivo (99,4%); e hipotermia (61,8%). CONCLUSÃO: Os diagnósticos mais frequentes identificados estão inseridos nos domínios segurança/proteção e nutrição. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To identify the most frequent nursing diagnoses in chronic renal failure patients on hemodialysis. METHODS: A cross-sectional study including 178 patients, selected by convenience sample, consecutively recruited. For data collection, interview guides and physical examination were us [...] ed. An individual process of clinical judgment for the nursing diagnoses was performed and, for better accuracy, the results obtained underwent a process of paired review among the authors. RESULTS: Twenty-four nursing diagnoses were identified, of which the most frequent were: risk for infection (100%); excessive fluid volume (99.4%); and, hypothermia (61.8%). CONCLUSION: The most frequent diagnoses identified were included in the safety / protection and nutrition domains of NANDA-I.

Cecília Maria Farias de Queiroz, Frazão; Ana Beatriz de Almeida, Medeiros; Fernanda Beatriz Batista, Lima e Silva; Jéssica Dantas de, Sá; Ana Luisa Brandão de Carvalho, Lira.

2014-01-01

178

Discrepancias entre diagnósticos clínicos y hallazgos de autopsia / Discrepancies between clinical diagnoses and autopsy findings  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo principal del presente trabajo fue identificar las discrepancias clínico-patológicas en las autopsias realizadas en la institución. Se revisaron 53 autopsias de casos clínicos en adultos en el período comprendido entre enero de 2005 y junio de 2009, realizadas en el servicio de Anatomía [...] Patológica del Hospital Privado de Córdoba, Argentina. Se excluyeron seis debido a información insuficiente. Se aplicó la clasificación de Goldman y col. para establecer las discrepancias clínico-patológicas entre los diagnósticos pre y post-mortem. Los diagnósticos clínicos más frecuentes fueron las infecciones respiratorias y el tromboembolismo pulmonar agudo. Los hallazgos de autopsia más frecuentes fueron las infecciones respiratorias y el infarto agudo de miocardio. Se detectaron 17 discrepancias mayores y 30 concordancias, no se detectaron discrepancias menores. Las infecciones respiratorias fueron la principal causa de error, seguidas por el infarto agudo de miocardio. Concluimos que en 17/47 (37%) de los casos se realizó un diagnóstico clínico diferente al post-mortem, y que las infecciones respiratorias constituyen el principal tipo de error. Se sugiere adoptar estrategias informativas y educativas, revalorizar la autopsia y las prácticas clínicas tradicionales. Abstract in english The main objective of this study was to identify the clinical-pathological discrepancies in autopsies performed in the institution. We reviewed autopsies of clinical cases in 53 adults in the period between January 2005 and June 2009, carried out in the Pathology Service at the Hospital Privado de C [...] órdoba, Argentina. Six autopsies were excluded due to insufficient information. The Goldman et al. classification was applied to establish clinico-pathologic discrepancies between clinical diagnoses and autopsy findings. Frequently clinical diagnoses were respiratory infections and acute pulmonary embolism. The most frequently reported postmortem diagnoses were respiratory infections and acute myocardial infarction. There were 17 major discrepancies and 30 coincidences. No any minor discrepancy was detected. Respiratory infections were the main cause of error, followed by myocardial infarction. We conclude that in 17/47 (37%) of cases the pre-mortem and postmortem diagnoses were different, and that respiratory infections were the main cause of error. We suggest to adopt educational and informative strategies, to revalue the importance of autopsy, and traditional clinical practices.

María Virginia, Bürgesser; Diego, Camps; Patricia, Calafat; Ana, Diller.

2011-04-01

179

Health beliefs and prescription medication compliance among diagnosed hypertension clinic attenders in a rural South African hospital  

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Full Text Available This study examines the relationship between health beliefs and the use of both prescribed medication and alternative healing agents among at least one year diagnosed hypertensives attending an hypertension out-patient clinic in a rural South African hospital. The sample included 33 men and 67 women, in the age range of 31 to 81 years, (M=60.7 years, SD=9.8 years. Main outcome measures included causative beliefs, health beliefs, and quality of the health care provider patient interaction. From the 100 patients studied 35% were not compliant with prescription medication. Most patients (almost 80% had taken something else for their high blood pressure apart from prescription medication, especially those who had been non-compliant with prescription medication. Most popular were the use of home remedies and faith healing, followed by traditional healing and over-the-counter drugs. Non-compliant behaviour was associated with the use of alternative healing agents, the belief of curability of hypertension by traditional and faith healers, perceived benefits and barriers of antihypertensive medication and some items of the quality of the practitioner-patient relationship such as not explaining medical problems. Results are discussed in view of improving culturally sensitive compliance behaviour among hypertensive patients.

K. Peltzer

2004-09-01

180

Spectrum of acute clinical characteristics of diagnosed concussions in college athletes wearing instrumented helmets  

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Object Concussive head injuries have received much attention in the medical and public arenas, as concerns have been raised about the potential short- and long-term consequences of injuries sustained in sports and other activities. While many student athletes have required evaluation after concussion, the exact definition of concussion has varied among disciplines and over time. The authors used data gathered as part of a multiinstitutional longitudinal study of the biomechanics of head impacts in helmeted collegiate athletes to characterize what signs, symptoms, and clinical histories were used to designate players as having sustained concussions. Methods Players on 3 college football teams and 4 ice hockey teams (male and female) wore helmets instrumented with Head Impact Telemetry (HIT) technology during practices and games over 2–4 seasons of play. Preseason clinical screening batteries assessed baseline cognition and reported symptoms. If a concussion was diagnosed by the team medical staff, basic descriptive information was collected at presentation, and concussed players were reevaluated serially. The specific symptoms or findings associated with the diagnosis of acute concussion, relation to specific impact events, timing of symptom onset and diagnosis, and recorded biomechanical parameters were analyzed. Results Data were collected from 450 athletes with 486,594 recorded head impacts. Forty-eight separate concussions were diagnosed in 44 individual players. Mental clouding, headache, and dizziness were the most common presenting symptoms. Thirty-one diagnosed cases were associated with an identified impact event; in 17 cases no specific impact event was identified. Onset of symptoms was immediate in 24 players, delayed in 11, and unspecified in 13. In 8 cases the diagnosis was made immediately after a head impact, but in most cases the diagnosis was delayed (median 17 hours). One diagnosed concussion involved a 30-second loss of consciousness; all other players retained alertness. Most diagnoses were based on self-reported symptoms. The mean peak angular and rotational acceleration values for those cases associated with a specific identified impact were 86.1 ± 42.6g (range 16.5–177.9g) and 3620 ± 2166 rad/sec2 (range 183–7589 rad/sec2), respectively. Conclusions Approximately two-thirds of diagnosed concussions were associated with a specific contact event. Half of all players diagnosed with concussions had delayed or unclear timing of onset of symptoms. Most had no externally observed findings. Diagnosis was usually based on a range of self-reported symptoms after a variable delay. Accelerations clustered in the higher percentiles for all impact events, but encompassed a wide range. These data highlight the heterogeneity of criteria for concussion diagnosis, and in this sports context, its heavy reliance on self-reported symptoms. More specific and standardized definitions of clinical and objective correlates of a “concussion spectrum” may be needed in future research efforts, as well as in the clinical diagnostic arena. PMID:23030057

Duhaime, Ann-Christine; Beckwith, Jonathan G.; Maerlender, Arthur C.; McAllister, Thomas W.; Crisco, Joseph J.; Duma, Stefan M.; Brolinson, P. Gunnar; Rowson, Steven; Flashman, Laura A.; Chu, Jeffrey J.; Greenwald, Richard M.

2013-01-01

181

Clinical value of CT scan in diagnosing nasal malignant lymphoma (a report of 11 cases)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the value of CT in diagnosing nasal malignant lymphoma. Methods: CT findings of 11 patients with nasal malignant lymphoma proved pathologically were reviewed retrospectively. Results: The lesions pathologically diagnosed were all NHL and 9 cases were peripheral T-cell lymphoma. CT scan showed: (1) Lesions arose mainly from nasal vestibule or anterior part of nasal cavity, consisting of hyperplasia type 2 cases, infiltration type 3 cases, and hyperplasia-infiltration (mixed) type 6 cases. (2) Density of mass of hyperplasia type was relatively homogeneous, presenting as isodensity or slight hyper-density, while infiltration and mixed type appeared inhomogeneous. (3) Slight bony erosion was found in 8 cases, characterized by 'mouse nibbled' or cribriform bony absorption. (4) Adjacent structures were usually involved, and lesions might be polycentric. (5) Lesions often shrank or disappeared after radiotherapy. Conclusion: CT findings of nasal malignant lymphoma are relatively characteristic. It can clearly demonstrate the extent of lesion

182

Symptoms and diagnoses of patients referring to a child and adolescent psychiatry polyclinic  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of the present study is to identify the complaints and diagnoses of patients who referred to a child and adolescent psychiatry polyclinic. Method: Medical records of 763 patients referred to the Children and Adolescent Psychiatry Polyclinic at Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Medicine between October 2007 and October 2008 were studied retrospectively. Results: Most of the patients were male and within 7 to 12 years of age. 93.8% of the patients referred to the hospital for chronic conditions persisting for a long time. The most common symptom was nervousness (34.2%. The symptoms of inattentiveness, stuttering, disinterest to school lessons were more frequent among boys and problems in family relations, unhappiness-pessimism-unwillingness, distress-annoyance-discomfort, physical complaints, suicidal attempts, habits, obsessed thoughts and behaviors among girls. The most common diagnosis was depression, followed by anxiety disorders, enuresis, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, adjustment disorder, relationship problems, stuttering and mental retardation, respectively. Of the cases, 25% were diagnosed with multiple conditions. When the distribution of the diagnoses to sex were assessed, ADHD and stuttering were more frequently diagnosed among boys, on the other hand, depression and relationship problems among girls. Conclusions: In our study, although the internalizing disorders are the most frequent diagnoses, there are differences between genders. The rate of comorbid diagnosis was found to be considerable. In the presence of comorbid diagnoses, the disorder is experienced more heavily and psychosocial functionality gets deteriorated. Diagnostic differences between sex and comorbidity must be assessed carefully in child and adolescent psychiatry polyclinics. It is observed that most of the cases do refer to child psychiatry polyclinic for chronic problems. Prolonged referral period and delay in treatment may cause symptom worsening. When comorbid diagnosis coexistences were evaluated, it is observed that depressive disorder was mostly observed to coexist with relationship problems. It is considered to be important to evaluate family relations and social relations when patients with depressive disorder diagnoses are concerned.

Yonca Sönmez

2010-01-01

183

Accuracy of diagnoses predicted from a simple patient questionnaire stratified by the duration of general ambulatory training: an observational study  

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Full Text Available Takanori Uehara,1,2 Masatomi Ikusaka,1 Yoshiyuki Ohira,1 Mitsuyasu Ohta,1,2 Kazutaka Noda,1 Tomoko Tsukamoto,1 Toshihiko Takada,1 Masahito Miyahara11Department of General Medicine, Chiba University Hospital, 2Division of Rotated Collaboration Systems for Local Healthcare, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, JapanPurpose: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of diseases predicted from patient responses to a simple questionnaire completed prior to examination by doctors with different levels of ambulatory training in general medicine.Participants and methods: Before patient examination, five trained physicians, four short-term-trained residents, and four untrained residents examined patient responses to a simple questionnaire and then indicated, in rank order according to their subjective confidence level, the diseases they predicted. Final diagnosis was subsequently determined from hospital records by mentor physicians 3 months after the first patient visit. Predicted diseases and final diagnoses were codified using the International Classification of Diseases version 10. A “correct” diagnosis was one where the predicted disease matched the final diagnosis code.Results: A total of 148 patient questionnaires were evaluated. The Herfindahl index was 0.024, indicating a high degree of diversity in final diagnoses. The proportion of correct diagnoses was high in the trained group (96 of 148, 65%; residual analysis, 4.4 and low in the untrained group (56 of 148, 38%; residual analysis, -3.6 (?2=22.27, P<0.001. In cases of correct diagnosis, the cumulative number of correct diagnoses showed almost no improvement, even when doctors in the three groups predicted ?4 diseases.Conclusion: Doctors who completed ambulatory training in general medicine while treating a diverse range of diseases accurately predicted diagnosis in 65% of cases from limited written information provided by a simple patient questionnaire, which proved useful for diagnosis. The study also suggests that up to three differential diagnoses are appropriate for diagnostic prediction, while ?4 differential diagnoses barely improved the diagnostic accuracy, regardless of doctors’ competence in general medicine. If doctors can become able to predict the final diagnosis from limited information, the correct diagnostic outcome may improve and save further consultation hours.Keywords: clinical reasoning, diagnostic accuracy, diagnostic reasoning, general medicine, Herfindahl index, predict disease

Uehara T

2013-12-01

184

A prospective evaluation of the feasibility and utility of additional tools to obtain information from recently diagnosed HIV infected patients  

OpenAIRE

QUESTION UNDER STUDY: Can additional information be obtained from recently HIV diagnosed individuals? METHODS: A 1-year prospective Swiss study, including all newly diagnosed HIV-infected patients. Information on circumstances of HIV infection was collected through physician- and patient questionnaires and patient interviews. Information on timing of infection was linked with an HIV-antibody avidity assay. RESULTS: Of 710 newly HIV diagnosed patients, 543 (76%) physician questionnaires (PhyQ)...

Daneel, S.; Schu?pbach, J.; Gebhardt, M.; Werner, M.; Staub, R.; Vernazza, P.

2008-01-01

185

Black patients receive less clinical trial information than white patients  

Science.gov (United States)

A study from the Wayne State University School of Medicine and the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute comparing how physicians discuss clinical trials during clinical interactions with black patients versus white patients further confirms racial disparities in the quality of communication between physicians and patients. Oncologists provided black patients with less information overall about cancer clinical trials compared with white patients, according to data presented at the Fifth AACR Conference on The Science of Cancer Health Disparities, Oct. 27-30, 2012.

186

Predictive value of pediatric thrombosis diagnoses in the Danish National Patient Registry  

OpenAIRE

Ruta Tuckuviene1, Soeren Risom Kristensen1, Jon Helgestad2, Anette Luther Christensen1, Soeren Paaske Johnsen31Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Center for Cardiovascular Research, 2Department of Pediatrics, 3Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aalborg and Aarhus, DenmarkAbstract: Data on the validity of pediatric thrombosis diagnoses are missing. We aimed to examine the predictive value of a diagnosis of venous and arterial thrombosis using the Danish National...

Ruta Tuckuviene; Soeren Risom Kristensen; Jon Helgestad; et al.

2010-01-01

187

The Clinical Course of Late Diagnosed Fatal Cases of A (H1N1 Influenza in Poland   

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Full Text Available Introduction: The most frequent complication of A (H1N1 influenza and the leading cause of death was pneumonia with a primary viral or mixed viral and bacterial etiology. 182 patients had died because of a pandemic influenza in Poland by 31st July 2010.Material and Methods: A retrospective study of 6 fatal cases of pandemic influenza, aged 23-41, including 3 women, hospitalised between November 2009 and February 2011 in different Polish medical centres.Results: We present the clinical course of 6 late diagnosed cases of A (H1N1 influenza. All patients presented typical flu-like symptoms in the beginning. 4/6 patients had severe disease risk factors: pregnancy, arthritis, Wegener granulomatosis and obesity. All patients were seen by doctors, no one had received antiviral therapy, 4/5 were treated with antibiotics before they were hospitalized. One patient had nosocomial infection. Patients were admitted to the hospital on the 3rd to 8th day of the disease. They received oseltamivir treatment on the 4th to 9th day. All patients developed pneumonia complicated by acute respiratory distress syndrome. Death appeared between the 4th and 27th day after the onset of symptoms. Autopsies were performed in 5 cases and revealed haemorrhagic pneumonia in 2 patients.Conclusion: Delayed diagnosis and antiviral treatment initiation has a significant impact on mortality in A (H1N1 influenza. During the influenza epidemic, patients presenting typical symptoms should always be suspected of having influenza. Antiviral treatment has to be initiated immediately, especially ifthere are risk factors of severe disease.

Marta Rorat

2013-06-01

188

Lynch syndrome screening should be considered for all patients with newly diagnosed endometrial cancer.  

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Lynch syndrome (LS) is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder caused by germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. Mutation carriers are at substantially increased risk of developing cancers of the colorectum and endometrium, among others. Given recent recommendations for universal, cost-effective screening of all patients with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer using MMR protein immunohistochemistry, we evaluated MMR protein expression in a series of endometrial cancers in the general population. A total of 605 consecutive cases of primary endometrial cancer at a single institution (1997 to 2013) were evaluated regardless of age, family history, or histologic features. Evaluation methods consisted of immunohistochemistry for the MMR proteins MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2, followed by DNA methylation analysis for cases with MLH1/PMS2 deficiency. Germline mutation testing was performed on a subset of cases. Forty MMR-deficient, nonmethylated endometrial cancers were identified: 3 MLH1/PMS2 and 37 MSH6/MSH2 protein deficiencies. Only 25% occurred in women below 50 years of age (range, 39 to 88 y), 1 of which was in a risk-reducing hysterectomy specimen. Only 15% of patients had a prior history of carcinoma, including only 2 patients with prior colorectal carcinoma. Most (80%) of the endometrial cancers were purely endometrioid; there were 2 mixed endometrioid/mucinous, 1 mucinous, 1 serous, 2 clear cell, and 2 carcinosarcoma cases. When grading was applicable, 40% of the endometrial malignancies were FIGO grade 1, 34% grade 2, and 26% grade 3. Thirteen percent arose in the lower uterine segment, and 23% had tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. Of the tumors with known germline testing, 41% with a LS-associated germline mutation were not associated with any of the traditional indicators that have been recommended for LS screening (ie, age 50 y or younger, personal/family cancer pedigree that meets Bethesda guideline criteria, presence of MMR-associated tumor morphology, or location in the lower uterine segment). These data suggest that a significant number of LS-associated endometrial carcinomas are missed using clinical, histologic, and locational screening parameters and provide support for universal screening of all newly diagnosed endometrial cancers. PMID:25229768

Mills, Anne M; Liou, Sofia; Ford, James M; Berek, Jonathan S; Pai, Reetesh K; Longacre, Teri A

2014-11-01

189

A changing trend in the management of patients with newly diagnosed Crohn's disease.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic shift with rising incidence of Crohn\\'s disease (CD) has been reported in recent studies. AIMS: To determine disease behaviour and therapeutic interventions undertaken in newly diagnosed patients with CD. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with CD between January 2006 and June 2008 were included. Disease type, location, degree of involvement and type of therapeutic interventions were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 78 patients were included. Colonic, ileo-colonic, terminal ileal and isolated small bowel disease were present in 37, 27, 9 and 5 patients, respectively. Disease phenotype was inflammatory, stenosing and fistulising in 42, 30 and 6 patients, respectively. Surgery was required in 22 patients, including right hemicolectomy (n = 8), subtotal colectomy (n = 4), segmental colonic resection (n = 2), segmental small bowel resection (n = 2), appendectomy (n = 2) and perianal surgery (n = 4). Fourteen patients underwent surgery at the time of diagnosis. Laparoscopic surgery was performed in 14 patients. CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of newly diagnosed patients with CD underwent surgical intervention on their first admission to hospital. This may signify a changing trend in the management approach.

Qasim, A

2012-02-01

190

Assessment of vitamin B6 status in Korean patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to assess vitamin B6 intake and status in Korean patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. Sixty-four patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes and 8-11% glycated hemoglobin (A1C), along with 28 age-matched non-diabetic subjects, participated. Dietary vitamin B6 intake was estimated by the 24 hour recall method and plasma pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) was measured. There was a significant difference in daily total calorie intake between the diabetic and n...

Ahn, Hee Jung; Min, Kyung Wan; Cho, Youn-ok

2011-01-01

191

How well do discharge diagnoses identify hospitalised patients with community-acquired infections? - a validation study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Credible measures of disease incidence, trends and mortality can be obtained through surveillance using manual chart review, but this is both time-consuming and expensive. ICD-10 discharge diagnoses are used as surrogate markers of infection, but knowledge on the validity of infections in general is sparse. The aim of the study was to determine how well ICD-10 discharge diagnoses identify patients with community-acquired infections in a medical emergency department (ED), overall and related to sites of infection and patient characteristics. METHODS: We manually reviewed 5977 patients admitted to a medical ED in a one-year period (September 2010-August 2011), to establish if they were hospitalised with community-acquired infection. Using the manual review as gold standard, we calculated the sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and likelihood ratios of discharge diagnoses indicating infection. RESULTS: Two thousand five hundred eleven patients were identified with community-acquired infection according to chart review (42.0%, 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 40.8-43.3%) compared to 2550 patients identified by ICD-10 diagnoses (42.8%, 95%CI: 41.6-44.1%). Sensitivity of the ICD-10 diagnoses was 79.9% (95%CI: 78.1-81.3%), specificity 83.9% (95%CI: 82.6-85.1%), positive likelihood ratio 4.95 (95%CI: 4.58-5.36) and negative likelihood ratio 0.24 (95%CI: 0.22-0.26). The two most common sites of infection, the lower respiratory tract and urinary tract, had positive likelihood ratios of 8.3 (95%CI: 7.5-9.2) and 11.3 (95%CI: 10.2-12.9) respectively. We identified significant variation in diagnostic validity related to age, comorbidity and disease severity. CONCLUSION: ICD-10 discharge diagnoses identify specific sites of infection with a high degree of validity, but only a moderate degree when identifying infections in general.

Henriksen, Daniel Pilsgaard; Nielsen, Stig LØnberg

2014-01-01

192

Long-term mortality in patients diagnosed with Listeria monocytogenes meningitis: A Danish nationwide cohort study  

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OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term mortality, the causes of death and the incidence of cancer in listeria meningitis patients. METHODS: Nationwide, population-based cohort study including all adult patients diagnosed with listeria meningitis from 1977 to 2006 and alive 1 year after diagnosis, and an age-and gender-matched, population control cohort. Kaplan-Meier tables, Cox regression analysis and cumulative incidence function were used as outcome analyses. RESULTS: We identified 114 listeria meningitis patients and 1026 population controls. The adjusted mortality rate ratio (MRR) for listeria meningitis patients the first 5 years of follow-up was 2.35(95% confidence interval (CI) 1.60-3.45) thereafter the MRR was 0.93(95% CI: 0.56-1.55). Listeria meningitis patients had an increased risk of death due to cancer the first 5 years of follow-up, and in the same period patients above 50 years of age had a 2-fold increased risk of being diagnosed with cancer, thereafter the risks declined to that of the background population. CONCLUSIONS: The long-term mortality in adult patients diagnosed with listeria meningitis was increased the first 5 years of follow-up, mainly due to death from cancer, thereafter the mortality did not differ from the background population. To improve survival this patient population should be meticulously screened for predisposing conditions, mainly underlying malignant diseases.

Roed, Casper; Engsig, Frederik Neess

2012-01-01

193

Clinical and histopathological characteristics in patients with postmenopausal bleeding  

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Full Text Available Background: Incidence of endometrial carcinoma in Vojvodina is 15-20/100 000. In 75% cases, endometrial carcinoma is diagnosed in postmenopausal period. In 90 % of patients, the first clinical sign is postmenopausal bleeding. The aim of the study was to investigate clinical and histopathological characteristics in patients with postmenopausal bleeding. Methods: The study included 122 patients with postmenopausal bleeding. All of these patients underwent gynecological examination and vaginal ultrasound. We obtained materials for histopathological analysis by fractionate explorative curettage. Once we had definitive histopathological findings, we divided patients in two groups A (endometrial carcinoma and B (benign changes. Results: We confirmed significant statistical differences between examined group A and B, including age (64.49 compared with 58.81 years, postmenopausal period (13.67 instead 9.11 years, and length of uterine corpus (6.41 instead 5.25 cm. Conclusion: Elderly women with longer postmenopausal interval and postmenopausal bleeding had increased risk for endometrial carcinoma. Measurement of endometrial thickness by transvaginal ultrasound appeared to be insufficient parameter for differentiating the benign from the malignant changes of endometrium. Patients with endometrial carcinoma had significantly longer corpus of uterus comparing to patients with benign changes. Body mass index was not found to be significant risk factor in development of endometrial carcinoma in the examined groups. Obesity was diagnosed in both groups, suggesting that increased body mass index is a risk factor for development of pathological changes in endometrium, which could lead to postmenopausal bleeding.

Mandi? Aljoša

2013-01-01

194

Clinical characteristics, patient-reported outcomes, and previous therapeutic management of patients with uncontrolled neuropathic pain referred to pain clinics.  

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Background. The aim of this report was to evaluate the clinical profile and previous management of patients with uncontrolled neuropathic pain who were referred to pain clinics. Methods. We included adult patients with uncontrolled pain who had a score of ?4 in the DN4 questionnaire. In addition to sociodemographic and clinical data, we evaluated pain levels using a visual analog scale as well as anxiety, depression, sleep, disability, and treatment satisfaction employing validated tools. Results. A total of 755 patients were included in the study. The patients were predominantly referred to pain clinics by traumatologists (34.3%) and primary care physicians (16.7%). The most common diagnoses were radiculopathy (43%) and pain of oncological origin (14.3%). The major cause for uncontrolled pain was suboptimal treatment (88%). Fifty-three percent of the patients were depressed, 43% had clinical anxiety, 50% rated their overall health as bad or very bad, and 45% noted that their disease was severely or extremely interfering with their daily activities. Conclusions. Our results showed that uncontrolled neuropathic pain is a common phenomenon among the specialties that address these clinical entities and, regardless of its etiology, uncontrolled pain is associated with a dramatic impact on patient well-being. PMID:24891950

de Andrés, José; de la Calle, José-Luis; Pérez, María; López, Vanessa

2014-01-01

195

Neuroautonomic evaluation of patients with unexplained syncope: incidence of complex neurally mediated diagnoses in the elderly  

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Full Text Available Martina Rafanelli, Alessandro Morrione, Annalisa Landi, Emilia Ruffolo, Valentina M Chisciotti, Maria A Brunetti, Niccolò Marchionni, Andrea Ungar Syncope Unit, Cardiology and Geriatric Medicine, University of Florence and Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Florence, Italy Background: The incidence of syncope increases in individuals over the age of 70 years, but data about this condition in the elderly are limited. Little is known about tilt testing (TT, carotid sinus massage (CSM, or supine and upright blood pressure measurement related to age or about patients with complex diagnoses, for example, those with a double diagnosis, ie, positivity in two of these three tests. Methods: A total of 873 consecutive patients of mean age 66.5±18 years underwent TT, CSM, and blood pressure measurement in the supine and upright positions according to the European Society of Cardiology guidelines on syncope.1 Neuroautonomic evaluation was performed if the first-line evaluation (clinical history, physical examination, electrocardiogram was suggestive of neurally mediated syncope, or if the first-line evaluation was suggestive of cardiac syncope but this diagnosis was excluded after specific diagnostic tests according to European Society of Cardiology guidelines on syncope, or if certain or suspected diagnostic criteria were not present after the first-line evaluation. Results: A diagnosis was reached in 64.3% of cases. TT was diagnostic in 50.4% of cases, CSM was diagnostic in 11.8% of cases, and orthostatic hypotension was present in 19.9% of cases. Predictors of a positive tilt test were prodromal symptoms and typical situational syncope. Increased age and a pathologic electrocardiogram were predictors of carotid sinus syndrome. Varicose veins and alpha-receptor blockers, nitrates, and benzodiazepines were associated with orthostatic hypotension. Twenty-three percent of the patients had a complex diagnosis. The most frequent association was between vasovagal syncope and orthostatic hypotension (15.8%; 42.9% of patients aged 80 years or older had a complex diagnosis, for which age was the strongest predictor. Conclusion: Neuroautonomic evaluation is useful in older patients with unexplained syncope after the initial evaluation. A complex neurally mediated diagnosis is frequent in older people. Our results suggest that complete neuroautonomic evaluation should be done particularly in older patients. Keywords: syncope, elderly, tilt testing, carotid sinus massage, blood pressure, neurally mediated diagnosis

Rafanelli M

2014-02-01

196

Spreading the Clinical Window for Diagnosing Fetal-Onset Hypogonadism in Boys  

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In early fetal development, the testis secretes – independent of pituitary gonadotropins – androgens and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) that are essential for male sex differentiation. In the second half of fetal life, the hypothalamic–pituitary axis gains control of testicular hormone secretion. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) controls Sertoli cell proliferation, responsible for testis volume increase and AMH and inhibin B secretion, whereas luteinizing hormone (LH) regulates Leydig cell androgen and INSL3 secretion, involved in the growth and trophism of male external genitalia and in testis descent. This differential regulation of testicular function between early and late fetal periods underlies the distinct clinical presentations of fetal-onset hypogonadism in the newborn male: primary hypogonadism results in ambiguous or female genitalia when early fetal-onset, whereas it becomes clinically undistinguishable from central hypogonadism when established later in fetal life. The assessment of the hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis in male has classically relied on the measurement of gonadotropin and testosterone levels in serum. These hormone levels normally decline 3–6?months after birth, thus constraining the clinical evaluation window for diagnosing male hypogonadism. The advent of new markers of gonadal function has spread this clinical window beyond the first 6?months of life. In this review, we discuss the advantages and limitations of old and new markers used for the functional assessment of the hypothalamic–pituitary–testicular axis in boys suspected of fetal-onset hypogonadism. PMID:24847309

Grinspon, Romina P.; Loreti, Nazareth; Braslavsky, Débora; Valeri, Clara; Schteingart, Helena; Ballerini, María Gabriela; Bedecarrás, Patricia; Ambao, Verónica; Gottlieb, Silvia; Ropelato, María Gabriela; Bergadá, Ignacio; Campo, Stella M.; Rey, Rodolfo A.

2014-01-01

197

Spreading the clinical window for diagnosing fetal-onset hypogonadism in boys  

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Full Text Available In early fetal development, the testis secretes –independently of pituitary gonadotropins– androgens and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH which are essential for male sex differentiation. In the second half of fetal life, the hypothalamic-pituitary axis gains control of testicular hormone secretion. FSH controls Sertoli cell proliferation, responsible for testis volume increase and AMH and inhibin B secretion, whereas LH regulates Leydig cell androgen and INSL3 secretion, involved in the growth and trophism of male external genitalia and in testis descent. This differential regulation of testicular function between early and late fetal periods underlies the distinct clinical presentations of fetal-onset hypogonadism in the newborn male: primary hypogonadism results in ambiguous or female genitalia when early fetal-onset whereas it becomes clinically undistinguishable from central hypogonadism when established later in fetal life. The assessment of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in the male has classically relied on the measurement of gonadotropin and testosterone levels in serum. These hormone levels normally decline 3-6 months after birth, thus constraining the clinical evaluation window for diagnosing male hypogonadism. The advent of new markers of gonadal function has spread this clinical window beyond the first 6 months of life. In this review, we discuss the advantages and limitations of old and new markers used for the functional assessment of the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis in boys suspected of fetal-onset hypogonadism.

RodolfoRey

2014-05-01

198

Spreading the clinical window for diagnosing fetal-onset hypogonadism in boys.  

Science.gov (United States)

In early fetal development, the testis secretes - independent of pituitary gonadotropins - androgens and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) that are essential for male sex differentiation. In the second half of fetal life, the hypothalamic-pituitary axis gains control of testicular hormone secretion. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) controls Sertoli cell proliferation, responsible for testis volume increase and AMH and inhibin B secretion, whereas luteinizing hormone (LH) regulates Leydig cell androgen and INSL3 secretion, involved in the growth and trophism of male external genitalia and in testis descent. This differential regulation of testicular function between early and late fetal periods underlies the distinct clinical presentations of fetal-onset hypogonadism in the newborn male: primary hypogonadism results in ambiguous or female genitalia when early fetal-onset, whereas it becomes clinically undistinguishable from central hypogonadism when established later in fetal life. The assessment of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in male has classically relied on the measurement of gonadotropin and testosterone levels in serum. These hormone levels normally decline 3-6?months after birth, thus constraining the clinical evaluation window for diagnosing male hypogonadism. The advent of new markers of gonadal function has spread this clinical window beyond the first 6?months of life. In this review, we discuss the advantages and limitations of old and new markers used for the functional assessment of the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis in boys suspected of fetal-onset hypogonadism. PMID:24847309

Grinspon, Romina P; Loreti, Nazareth; Braslavsky, Débora; Valeri, Clara; Schteingart, Helena; Ballerini, María Gabriela; Bedecarrás, Patricia; Ambao, Verónica; Gottlieb, Silvia; Ropelato, María Gabriela; Bergadá, Ignacio; Campo, Stella M; Rey, Rodolfo A

2014-01-01

199

Acute Remodeling of an Adjoining Aneurysm after Endovascular Treatment of a Ruptured Splanchnic Arterial Aneurysm: A Case of Clinically Diagnosed Segmental Arterial Mediolysis  

OpenAIRE

A 61-year-old woman with multiple splanchnic arterial aneurysms (SAAs) was transferred to our hospital in a state of shock. She underwent coil embolization under the diagnosis of ruptured pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm. Follow-up computed tomography performed 2 weeks later showed rapid enlargement of a gastric artery aneurysm, and she underwent an additional embolization. Atherosclerotic, inflammatory or hereditary causes were excluded, and the patient was clinically diagnosed with segme...

Nishikawa, Yoshitaka; Hoshina, Katsuyuki; Sasaki, Hiroki; Hosaka, Akihiro; Yamamoto, Kota; Okamoto, Hiroyuki; Shigematsu, Kunihiro; Miyata, Tetsuro

2012-01-01

200

Clinical Utility of Histological Examination of Gastric Ulcer Margin to Diagnose Helicobacter Pylori Infection  

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Full Text Available Background: To investigate the effectiveness of histological examination of ulcer margins (HEUM in detecting Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori infection in patients with non-bleeding gastric ulcers (GUs. Methods: A retrospective study included 284 patients with GU undergoing concomitant HEUM and rapid urease test (RUT to detect H. pylori infection between January 2005 and December 2006. The slides were reviewed by an experienced pathologist (revised HEUM in the 52 patients with inconsistent results on the initial HEUM and RUT. H. pylori infection was defined as a postive RUT and/or revised HEUM. Detection rates of H. pylori infection for HEUM and RUT were calculated accordingly. In patients with H. pylori infection, several parameters including ulcer characteristics and pathological findings were compared between patients with negative and positive (revised HEUM.Results: A total of 164 (57.7% patients had positive results of H. pylori infection. The overall detection rates of H. pylori infection on the initial HEUM, revised HEUM and RUT were 78.0% (128/164, 89.0% (146/164, and 94.5% (155/164, respectively. For antrum ulcers, the respective detection rates were 81.0% (85/105, 92.4% (97/105, and 93.3% (98/105, for angulus ulcers, 78.6% (22/28, 85.7% (24/28, and 100% (28/28, and for proximal stomach ulcers, 61.9% (13/21, 81.0% (17/21, and 90.4% (19/21. In patients with H. pylori infection, gastric malignancy was more frequently observed in patients with false negative than true positive HEUMs.Conclusions: HEUM might be not sensitive enough for diagnosing H. pylori in patients with GU. It was especially insensitive when the ulcers were in the proximal stomach, the ulcers were malignant, or the slides were interpreted by pathologists in a rotating manner.

Jau-Min Lien

2012-06-01

201

Comparison of Clinical Diagnoses, NIMH-DISC-IV Diagnoses and SCL-90-R Ratings in an Adolescent Psychiatric Inpatient Unit: A Brief Report  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction To compare results of clinical diagnosis, NIMH DISC-IV diagnoses and the Global Severity Index of the Symptom Check List- Revised (SCL-90-R) in an adolescent inpatient population. Method NIMH DISC-IV and SCL-90-R were administered to consecutive admissions to the inpatient adolescent unit of a teaching hospital as a regular admission procedure. Results There was better agreement between clinical diagnosis and the NIMH-DISC-IV diagnosis as compared to previous studies for NIMH DISC-IV. The presence of an NIMH DISC-IV diagnosis was associated with elevated SCL-90-R scores. Conclusion Structured diagnostic interviews and Self rated symptom scales are useful adjuncts in clinical diagnostics, enhancing valuable clinical expertise. PMID:19030523

Roberts, Nasreen; Parker, Kevin C.H.; Dagnone, Marla

2005-01-01

202

Boron neutron capture therapy for newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme: An assessment of clinical potential  

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The purpose of this analysis was to assess the potential of BNCT, with L-boronophenylalanine (L-BPA), as first line radiotherapy for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The survival of patients with newly diagnosed GBM from a phase II BNCT study was compared with those from the two arms of a phase III study with conventional radiotherapy (RT) vs. RT plus concomitant and adjuvant medication with temozolomide (TMZ). A small subgroup, for which the methylation status of the O{sup 6}-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) DNA-repair gene was known, was also considered. The results indicated that the use of BNCT with BPA should be explored in a stratified randomized phase II trial in which patients with the unmethylated MGMT DNA-repair gene are offered BNCT vs. RT plus TMZ.

Hopewell, J.W., E-mail: john.hopewell@gtc.ox.ac.uk [Green Templeton College and Particle Therapy Cancer Research Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom); Gorlia, T. [Data Center, EORTC, Brussels (Belgium); Pellettieri, L. [Hammercap Medical AB, Stockholm (Sweden)] [Department of Neurosurgery, Goeteborg University, Goeteborg (Sweden); Giusti, V. [Hammercap Medical AB, Stockholm (Sweden)] [Department of Mechanical, Nuclear and Production Engineering, University of Pisa, Pisa (Italy); H-Stenstam, B. [Nykoeping Hospital, County of Sormland (Sweden); Skoeld, K. [Hammercap Medical AB, Stockholm (Sweden)

2011-12-15

203

Boron neutron capture therapy for newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme: An assessment of clinical potential  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this analysis was to assess the potential of BNCT, with L-boronophenylalanine (L-BPA), as first line radiotherapy for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The survival of patients with newly diagnosed GBM from a phase II BNCT study was compared with those from the two arms of a phase III study with conventional radiotherapy (RT) vs. RT plus concomitant and adjuvant medication with temozolomide (TMZ). A small subgroup, for which the methylation status of the O6-methylguanine–DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) DNA-repair gene was known, was also considered. The results indicated that the use of BNCT with BPA should be explored in a stratified randomized phase II trial in which patients with the unmethylated MGMT DNA-repair gene are offered BNCT vs. RT plus TMZ.

204

CTSH regulates ?-cell function and disease progression in newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes patients  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Over 40 susceptibility loci have been identified for type 1 diabetes (T1D). Little is known about how these variants modify disease risk and progression. Here, we combined in vitro and in vivo experiments with clinical studies to determine how genetic variation of the candidate gene cathepsin H (CTSH) affects disease mechanisms and progression in T1D. The T allele of rs3825932 was associated with lower CTSH expression in human lymphoblastoid cell lines and pancreatic tissue. Proinflammatory cytokines decreased the expression of CTSH in human islets and primary rat ?-cells, and overexpression of CTSH protected insulin-secreting cells against cytokine-induced apoptosis. Mechanistic studies indicated that CTSH exerts its antiapoptotic effects through decreased JNK and p38 signaling and reduced expression of the proapoptotic factors Bim, DP5, and c-Myc. CTSH overexpression also up-regulated Ins2 expression and increased insulin secretion. Additionally, islets from Ctsh(-/-) mice contained less insulin than isletsfrom WT mice. Importantly, the TT genotype was associated with higher daily insulin dose and faster disease progression in newly diagnosed T1D patients, indicating agreement between the experimental and clinical data. In line with these observations, healthy human subjects carrying the T allele have lower ?-cell function, which was evaluated by glucose tolerance testing. The data provide strong evidence that CTSH is an important regulator of ?-cell function during progression of T1D and reinforce the concept that candidate genes for T1D may affect disease progression by modulating survival and function of pancreatic ?-cells, the target cells of the autoimmune assault.

FlØyel, Tina; Brorsson, Caroline

2014-01-01

205

The clinical application of C arm CT imaging in diagnosing and treating hypo-vascular primary hepatic carcinomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the clinical application of C arm CT imaging technique in diagnosing and treating of hypo-vascular primary hepatic carcinomas. Methods: Forty-three patients with hypo-vascular primary hepatic carcinomas were enrolled in this study. All the patients underwent DSA and C arm CT imaging (Philips dual x-ray flat-panel digital imaging system) before transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). The imaging findings were retrospectively analyzed. The detection rate of hepatic tumors estimated before TACE were compared among CT/MRI, DSA and C arm CT imaging. Results: After TACE a total of 97 hypo-vascular tumors were found on CT scanning. The detection rates of hepatic tumors on CT/MRI, DSA and C arm CT imaging were 71.1% (69/97), 78.4% (76/97) and 89.7% (87/97), respectively, with P0.05. Conclusion: C arm CT imaging technique is superior to CT/MRI and DSA in detecting the hypo-vascular hepatic tumors. This technique can more precisely and more sensitively demonstrate the hepatic lesions, especially for the tumors with a diameter smaller than 10 mm. Therefore, this technique has great clinical value in treating hepatocellular carcinomas. (authors)

206

Clinically unsuspected Hodgkin?s lymphoma diagnosed primarily from bone marrow trephine biopsy: Report of six cases  

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Full Text Available Bone marrow may be the initial or rarely the only site of involvement in Hodgkin?s lymphoma. A high index of suspicion is required to pick up the histopathological changes of Hodgkin?s lesions in the bone marrow like necrosis, presence of Reed-Sternberg cell or its variant in a polymorphic background infiltrate, focal fibrosis and myxoid change especially in the absence of classical clinical picture. Bone marrow with immunohistochemistry has a valuable role in the staging and in the diagnosis of primary medullary Hodgkin?s lymphoma. B-symptoms may easily masquerade as an infectious process as in all our cases the patients had fever as a presenting feature, in four of them tuberculosis was suspected clinically and two had received antitubercular therapy elsewhere. We report six human immunodeficiency virus-negative patients diagnosed over a period of 5 years in which the initial diagnosis of Hodgkin?s lymphoma was suggested from bone marrow histology.

Kar Rakhee

2008-04-01

207

Metastatic calcification in a patient with multiple myeloma diagnosed as SDRA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present the case of a 44 year-old man with multiple myeloma who presented with a fever that is managed initially as pneumonia multilobar and later because of the persistence of alveolar infiltrates and severe; hypoxaemia as SDRA. The patient in the end passed away and was diagnosed with a metastatic calcification through open lung biopsy

208

Patient, provider, and clinic characteristics associated with public STD clinic patient satisfaction  

OpenAIRE

Objectives: There is a lack of information describing levels of patient satisfaction among patients seeking sexually transmitted diseases (STD) care in a public clinic setting. We sought to identify patient, provider, and clinic characteristics associated with patient satisfaction within public STD clinics.

Mehta, S.; Zenilman, J.; Erbelding, E.

2005-01-01

209

Transmitted antiretroviral drug resistance mutations in newly diagnosed HIV-1 positive patients in Turkey  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction The objective of this study was to determine the transmitted drug resistance mutations (TDRMs) in newly diagnosed HIV-1 positive patients in Turkey. Materials and Methods The study was carried out between 2009 and 2014 and antiretroviral naïve 774 HIV-1 infected patients from 19 Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology Departments in Turkey were included; gender: 664 (86%) male, median age: 37 (range; 1–77), median CD4+T-cell: 360 (range; 1–1320) count/mm3, median HIV-RNA load: 2.10+E6 (range; 4.2+E2–7.41+E8) IU/mL. HIV-1 drug resistance mutations were detected by population based sequencing of the reverse transcriptase (codon 41–238) and protease (codon 1–99) domains of pol gene of HIV-1, and analyzed according to the criteria by the World Health Organization 2009 list of surveillance drug resistance mutations [1]. Results The patients had TDRMs to NRTIs (K65R, M184V), NNRTIs (K101E, K103N/S, G190A/E/S, Y181I/C, Y188H/L) and PIs (M46L, I54V, L76V, V82L/T, N83D, I84V, L90M). The prevalence of overall TDRMs was 6.7% (52/774). Resistance mutations were found to be 0.7% (6/774), 4.1% (32/774) and 2.1% (17/774) to NRTIs, NNRTIs and PIs drug groups, respectively. Three patients had NRTIs+NNRTs resistance mutations (M184V+K103N) as multi-class drug resistance. However, thymidine analogue resistance mutations (TAMs) determined two distinct genotypic profiles in the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase: TAM1: M41L, L210W and T215Y, and TAM2: D67N, K70R, K219E/Q, and T215F. The prevalence of TAM1 and TAM2 were 7.7% (60/774) and 4.3% (34/774), respectively. Conclusions The TDRMs prevalence of antiretroviral naïve HIV-1 infected patients may be suggested current situation of Turkey. These long-term and large-scale results show that the resistance testing must be an integral part of the management of HIV infection in Turkey. PMID:25397495

Sayan, Murat; Sargýn, Fatma; Inan, Dilara; Yýldýz Sevgi, Dilek; Kocagül Celikbas, Aysel; Yasar, Kadriye; Kaptan, Figen; Sayýn Kutlu, Selda; Tasdelen Fýsgýn, Nuriye; Inci, Ayse; Ceran, Nurgül; Karaoðlan, Ýlkay; Cagatay, Atahan; Kemal Celen, Mustafa; Tekin Koruk, Suda; Ceylan, Bahadýr; Yýldýrmak, Taner; Akalýn, Halis; Korten, Volkan; Willke, Ayse

2014-01-01

210

A MODEL TO PREDICT CARDIOVASCULAR EVENTS IN PATIENTS WITH NEWLY DIAGNOSED WEGENER'S GRANULOMATOSIS AND MICROSCOPIC POLYANGIITIS  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE: To create a prognostic tool to quantify the 5-year cardiovascular (CV) risk in patients with newly diagnosed Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) without premorbid CV disease. METHODS: We reviewed CV outcomes during the long-term followup of patients in the first 4 European Vasculitis Study Group (EUVAS) trials of WG and MPA. CV events were defined as CV death, stroke, myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass graft, or percutaneous coronary interven...

Suppiah, R.; Judge, A.; Batra, R.; Flossmann, O.; Harper, L.; Ho?glund, P.; Javaid, Mk; Jayne, D.; Mukhtyar, C.; Westman, K.; Davis, Jc; Hoffman, Gs; Mccune, Wj; Merkel, Pa; Clair, Ew

2011-01-01

211

Essential pre-treatment imaging examinations in patients with endoscopically-diagnosed early gastric cancer  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background There have been no reports discussing which imaging procedures are truly necessary before treatment of endoscopically-diagnosed early gastric cancer (eEGC). The aim of this pilot study was to show which imaging examinations are essential to select indicated treatment or appropriate strategy in patients with eEGC. Methods In 140 consecutive patients (95 men, 45 women; age, 66.4 +/- 11.3 years [mean +/- standard deviation], range, 33-90) with e...

Tokunaga Mari; Taketomi-Takahashi Ayako; Tsushima Yoshito; Horisoko Eri; Endo Keigo

2010-01-01

212

High prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients in Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Few population-based data exist on the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) its components, and its association with subclinical inflammation and insulin resistance among patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D). We examined the MS according to IDF criteria by linkage primary data (waist circumference, fasting blood glucose, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP)) with variables from the Danish Diabetes Database for Adults (blood pressure and lipids) and a nationwide prescription database (antilipidemic, antihypertensive, and hypoglycemic drugs). We included 525 newly diagnosed T2D patients (median age 60 years, 60% men), whereof 89.0% had MS. Age and gender were similar in MS and non-MS patients. Waist circumference was elevated in 98.1% of MS vs. 34.5% of non-MS patients (prevalence ratio 2.84; 95% CI: 2.49-3.20). Most MS patients had elevated blood pressure (systolic >=130, or diastolic >=85, or antihypertensive drug): 94.4% vs. 55.2% in non-MS patients (prevalence ratio 1.71; 95%CI: 1.48-1.94). Fasting blood glucose was increased in nearly all MS and non-MS patients. Triglycerides were elevated in 48.6% of MS and 3.4% of non-MS patients (prevalence ratio 14.10; 95% CI: 12.73-15.46). HDL-cholesterol was reduced in 33.6% of MS and 0.0% of non-MS patients. Increased C-peptide levels >= 300 pmol/L was more common in MS than non-MS patients (96.8% vs. 77.6%, p=0.0005). 23.1% of the MS patients was previous hospital-diagnosed with cardiovascular disease vs. 0% in non-MS. The median CRP was 2.40 mg/L (quartiles 1.00-5.10) in MS patients vs. 1.20 mg/L (quartiles 0.60-3.50) in non-MS patients (p=0.006) 89% of the newly diagnosed T2D patients have the MS, with 90% having elevated waist circumference, blood pressure and blood glucose, and <50% having elevated triglycerides and reduced HDL-cholesterol. Elevated C-peptide levels are common in T2D patients with MS and their CRP level and risk of previous cardiovascular disease is higher than in non-MS patients.

Nielsen, Jens Steen; Thomsen, Reimar W.

2013-01-01

213

Long-term follow-up of HIV-infected patients once diagnosed with acyclovir-resistant herpes simplex virus infection.  

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Summary Acyclovir-resistant herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is common in immunocompromised patients, but the course of such infection is little known. We describe the long-term follow-up of HIV-infected patients diagnosed once with acyclovir-resistant HSV infections. We retrospectively studied all HIV-infected patients between 2000 and 2010 diagnosed with virologically confirmed acyclovir-resistant HSV infection. Patients' socio-demographic and immunovirological characteristics were described. Response to foscarnet or cidofovir and recurrences were reported. Among 5295 HIV-infected patients, 13 (0.2%) were once diagnosed with an acyclovir-resistant HSV infection. Twelve patients were men, nine patients were of African origin. All patients reported previous acyclovir exposure and median CD4 count was 183 cells/mm(3). Ten patients presented exclusively with cutaneous lesions. Initially, 11 patients were treated with foscarnet and two with cidofovir. The median follow-up was 67 months (6-145). All patients recurred, 10 presenting at least one acyclovir-resistant HSV recurrence. The median number of acyclovir-resistant HSV recurrences per patient was 2 (0?-?5). Regarding the first and second recurrences, 7/13 (54%) and 5/11 (45%) HSV clinical isolates exhibited resistance to acyclovir, respectively. Acyclovir-resistant HSV infection prevalence was low in our cohort. The rate of acyclovir-resistant HSV episodes averaged 50% during the two first recurrences. PMID:24535691

Seang, Sophie; Boutolleau, David; Burrel, Sonia; Regnier, Stephanie; Epelboin, Loic; Voujon, Delphine; Valantin, Marc-Antoine; Katlama, Christine; Agut, Henri; Caumes, Eric

2014-02-17

214

The criteria for avoiding unnecessary computerized tomography and bone scan in staging patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer. Retrospective study of patients at Matsusaka Chuo General Hospital  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Staging for prostate cancer often includes computed tomography (CT) and bone scan in Japan. We examined the criteria of avoiding unnecessary CT and bone scan for the prostate cancer patients at Matsusaka Chuo General Hospital. Two hundred and eleven patients were newly diagnosed at our institution between 1998 September and 2004 April. We reviewed data from 208 patients who had a staging CT and bone scan. The data was analysed using Gleason score, clinical T-stage and serum prostatic specific antigen (PSA) level. CT detected lymphadenopathy in 19 patients (9.1%), Bone scan detected bone metastasis in 31 patients (14.9%). However there was no lymphadenopathy detected by CT in the patients with 20 ng/ml or less. In the analysis using PSA and Gleason score, there was no bone metastasis detected by bone scan in the patients with PSA level of 20 ng/ml or less and Gleason sum 7 or less. In the analysis using PSA and clinical local stage there was no bone metastasis detected by bone scan in the patients with PSA level of 20 ng/ml or less and localized lesion (cT1-2). In a new prostate cancer patient CT and bone scan can be avoidable by PSA level of 20 ng/ml or less and cT1-2 or less and Gleason sum 7 or less. (author)

215

Outcome of patients admitted to the intensive care unit with newly diagnosed small cell lung cancer.  

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Patients with newly diagnosed small cell lung cancer (SCLC) may be considered for admission to an intensive care unit (ICU). Even though SCLC is highly responsive to chemotherapy, it is not clear whether patient outcomes justify the resource use of an ICU. This paper reports the results of a retrospective review of 20 newly diagnosed cases of SCLC who were admitted to one of three ICUs in Melbourne, Australia. Patients who had more than one negative prognostic factor did uniformly poorly, with no survivors beyond 4 months. Five patients were treated with chemotherapy whilst intubated and receiving mechanical ventilatory support. Two of these patients responded to chemotherapy and were extubated 4 days later. Both of these patients were alive and free of tumour recurrence 7 months later. In contrast, patients not treated with chemotherapy died early (within 40 days). We conclude that some patients with SCLC achieve a medium to long-term survival following treatment with chemotherapy instituted during or around the time of their admission to an ICU. The admission to an ICU of selected patients with SCLC may be justified, and prognostic indicators may be of benefit in making these difficult treatment decisions. PMID:12445751

Jennens, Ross R; Rosenthal, Mark A; Mitchell, Paul; Presneill, Jeffrey J

2002-12-01

216

16-year excess all-cause mortality of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients: a cohort study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that type 2 diabetic patients have higher all-cause mortality than people without diabetes, but it is less clear how diabetes affects mortality in elderly patients and to what degree mortality differs between diabetic men and women. The aim of the present study is to investigate the age- and sex-specific all-cause mortality pattern in patients with type 2 diabetes in comparison with the Danish background population. METHODS: Population-based cohort study of 1323 patients, diagnosed with clinical type 2 diabetes in 1989-92 and followed for 16 years. Median (interquartile range) age at diagnosis was 65.3 (55.8-73.6) years. The age- and sex-specific hazard rates were estimated for the cohort using the life table method and compared with the expected hazard rates calculated with Danish register data from the general population. RESULTS: In comparison with the general population, diabetic patients had a 1.5-2.5 fold higher risk of dying depending on age. The over-mortality was higherfor men than for women. It decreased with age in both sexes, and among patients over 80 years at diagnosis the difference between the observed and the expected survival was small. CONCLUSION: We found an excess mortality of type 2 diabetic patients compared with the background population in all age groups. The excess mortality was most pronounced in men and in young patients Udgivelsesdato: 2009

Hansen, Lars JØrgen; Olivarius, Niels de Fine

2009-01-01

217

Clinicoepidemiological characteristics of adult in 5patients with inflammatory bowel disease diagnosed Greek teaching hospitals during the year 2003  

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Full Text Available Background: During the last two decades the incidence and prevalence of Ulcerative Colitis (UC in some European countries reached a ?plateau?, a fact that is in sharp contrast to Crohn?s disease (CD which has shown up to a sixfold increase in incidence rates over the same period. New cases of CD now account for at least equal number of cases with UC. Aim: To present the results of the analysis of some clinicoepidemiological parameters of patients with IBD diagnosed during the year 2003 in 5 teaching hospitals situated in the great area of Athens and North Greece. Results: Seventy-seven new cases with IBD were diagnosed (40 patients with CD, 36 with UC and 1 with indeterminate colitis. Extensive/total colitis was observed in 21 out of 37 patients with UC (57%. One or more extraintestinal manifestations were observed in 11(29.7% patients with UC and 11(27.5% patients with CD. Duration of symptoms of less than one month was observed in 18 patients with UC (49% and 9(22.5% patients with CD. Partial or complete response to treatment was observed in 97% and 90% of patients with UC and CD respectively. Significant differences between patients with CD and UC were observed only in the age at onset of the disease (P<0.05. There was a tendency for significant differences between the two groups concerning duration of symptoms but differences did not reach statistical significance (P=0.078. No significant differences were observed in all other parameters examined including sex, family history of IBD, number and type of extraintestinal manifestations, smoking habits, and outcome of first attack. No significant differences were observed between men and women in all parameters examined except smoking habit. Indeed, significant differences in smoking habit were observed between men and women with UC (P<0.0001, while in patients with CD differences did not reach statistical significance (p=0.078. Conclusion: The number of new cases of CD referred to gastroenterology departments of teaching hospitals in Greece tend now to exceed the number of new cases with UC. The proportion of new cases with extensive UC is higher compared to the proportion of new cases with left colitis. No differences in the smoking habits between patients with UC and CD were found. The proportion of positive family history for IBD at the onset of the disease in either group of patients was low. Other clinical parameters did not show any significant differences compared to data described in previous studies originating from Greece. Key words: Ulcerative colitis, Crohn?s disease, Inflammatory bowel disease, Epidemiology, Clinical characteristics

J.K. Triantafillidis1, G. Kitis2, D. Karamanolis3, I. Karagiannis4, D. Tzourmakliotits5

2007-03-01

218

Asymmetric dimethylarginine and augmentation index in newly diagnosed patients with hypertension.  

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Pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (Aix), and central aortic pressure (CAP) are arterial stiffness markers of endothelial dysfunction (ED). We investigated the relationship between arterial stiffness parameters and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA; a marker of ED), in newly diagnosed patients with hypertension (n = 101; 61 females). These patients were investigated in accordance with the recommendations of hypertension guidelines. Arterial stiffness was measured, and serum ADMA and C-reactive protein (CRP; a marker of inflammation) levels were determined. In both women and men, there was no difference in terms of age, body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, PWV, CAP and the levels of ADMA, while Aix and CRP levels were significantly higher in women (P = .004, P = .046, respectively). In the whole group, ADMA levels correlated with Aix (Pearson r = .237, P = .024). Our findings provide further evidence of a link between arterial stiffness and ED in newly diagnosed patients with hypertension. PMID:24301421

Cakar, Mustafa; Bulucu, Fatih; Karaman, Murat; Ay, Seyit Ahmet; Kurt, Omer; Balta, Sevket; Demirkol, Sait; Sarlak, Hakan; Akhan, Muharrem; Altun, Battal; Yaman, Halil; Arslan, Erol; Demirba?, Seref; Sa?lam, Kenan

2015-01-01

219

Increased alanine aminotransferase levels and associated characteristics among newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients: Results from the DD2 study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objectives: Elevated levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALAT) have been linked with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. We examined ALAT levels in newly diagnosed T2D patients, and the factors associated with such elevation. Methods: Measurements of ALAT were performed in 1,025 (43% women; 57% men) new T2D patients enrolled from general practitioners and hospital specialist outpatient clinics in the nationwide DD2 project. We calculated the median value of ALAT, and examined the number of T2D patients within gender specific quartiles of ALAT values. We also examined demographic, clinical, and lifestyle characteristics associated with increased ALAT levels. Data on BMI, lipid profile and blood pressure could be ascertained from the Danish Diabetes Database for Adults for a subgroup (n=525) of the study population. Results: The median value of ALAT was 24IU/L (inter-quartile range 18-32IU/L) in women and 30IU/L (inter-quartile range 22-41IU/L) in men. 26% were in the lowest ALAT quartile (32IU/L / >41IU/L for women/men). As compared to people with ALAT values in the lowest quartile, those with high ALAT were younger (median age 57 vs. 64 years, p14/21 weekly drinks in women/men, p<0.0001) as compared to subjects in the lowest quartile. Conclusions: Among newly diagnosed T2D patients, those with a high ALAT level were younger, had more abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, poorer glucose control, more alcohol overuse, and higher CRP levels as compared with those in the lowest ALAT quartile

Mor, Anil; Thomsen, Reimar W.

220

Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome in two siblings diagnosed by clinical features and magnetic resonance imaging.  

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The Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome (HSS) is a rare condition characterized by extrapyramidal and pyramidal signs, dystonia, dysarthria, retinal degeneration, dementia and a progressive course. The development of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has increased the number of clinical and pathological reports of HSS. MRI pallidal abnormalities are called "eye of the tiger" signs. The combination of clinical features and MRI findings can be considered as highly suggestive of a diagnosis of HSS. Patient 1 was a 28 year old man who had been well until the age of 25 years. He developed dysarthria, difficulty with his gait and dystonia in his arms at the age of 28 years. Patient 2 was a 33 year old man who was the older brother of the first patient. He developed gait difficulty, tongue dystonia and dystonia of both arms at the age of 25 years. Each patient had spastic gait, dysarthria, dystonic posturing of both arms and generalized hyperreflexia, but no Kayser-Fleischer rings or retinitis pigmentosa. Blood chemistry, urine copper, serum copper and serum ceruloplasmin were all normal. MRI of the brain showed the "eye of the tiger" sign in the globus pallidus on T2 weighted images. These siblings had clinical features and MRI findings consistent with HSS. They are the first to be reported in Thailand. PMID:11253896

Tiamkao, S; Nitinavakarn, B; Jitpimolmard, S

2000-12-01

221

Using plant clinic registers to assess the quality of diagnoses and advice given to farmers : a case study from Uganda  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Purpose: This study developed a framework for quality assessment of diagnoses and advice given at plant clinics. Design/methodology/approach: Clinic registers from five plant clinics in Uganda (2006-2010) were used to develop quality assessment protocols for diagnoses and advice given by plant doctors. Assessment of quality of diagnoses was based on five validation criteria applied on the ten most common crops. Quality of advice was assessed for the four major problems considering efficacy and feasibility. Findings: The quality of diagnoses varied between crops, from 68% completely validated in maize to 1% in tomato. Complete and partially validated diagnoses were 44% of all queries. The remaining 56% were rejected. Several basic weaknesses were found in data recording and symptom recognition. A greater consistency and precision in naming diseases would increase the number of completely validated diagnoses. The majority of recommendations (82%) were assessed ‘partially effective’. ‘Best practice’ was recommended for 10% and ineffective advice was given in 8% of the cases with considerable variation between diseases. Practical implications: Plant doctors need more training in symptom recognition, pest management and record keeping as well as better technical backstopping to solve unknown problems. Common standards and procedures for clinic data collection and analysis should be established, and roles and responsibilities clearly defined. Originality/value: This is the first time plant clinic registers have been used to systematically assess quality of plant clinic services. Apart from being a valuable tool for quality assessment of extension, the plant clinic registers constitute a novel source of regular information about pests, diseases and farmer demand that can help improve decision-making of extension service providers, researchers, plant health authorities as well as information and technology providers.

Danielsen, Solveig; Boa, Eric

2012-01-01

222

Clinical course and signs in patients with uveitis associated with ankylosing spondylitis  

OpenAIRE

Aim: To evaluate clinical course and signs in patients withuveitis associated ankylosing spondylitis (AS).Methods: In this retrospective study we evaluated thepatients who were diagnosed as uveitis related to AS andfollowed up at the Ophthalmology Department of NecmettinErbakan University Hospital between May 2009 andJune 2012. Demographical features and clinical courseswere assessed.Results: Seventeen eyes of 13 patients were includedin the study. Nine patients (69.2%) were male and four(30....

Refik Oltulu; Hanife Yumak Erkoç; Günhal ?at?rtav; Mehmet Okka

2013-01-01

223

The Spectrum of Rheumatoid Arthritis in Patients Attending Rheumatology Clinic in Nizwa Hospital-Oman  

OpenAIRE

Objectives: To determine the spectrum and expression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in patients attending the rheumatology clinic in Nizwa hospital, Oman.Methods: Subjects and methods: 66 patients fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for the diagnosis of RA were included in the study. The patients were either attending for the first time or were already diagnosed and attending for follow up. The demographic, clinical, laboratory and radiological findings are reported.R...

Faisal Al-Temimi

2010-01-01

224

Clinical value of intravascular ultrasound in diagnosing stent fracture: report of two cases with literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Stent fracture has been implicated as a cause of drug-eluting stent failure. The authors report here 2 cases with stent fractures which were diagnosed by coronary artery angiography and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Both of them received multiple-stent-implantation. Five stent fractures altogether were detected in two patients. All the involved stents were sirolimus-eluting ones. Angiographic study showed that three stent fractures were complete transverse linear fracture with stent displacement. IVUS demonstrated that three stent fractures were complete break and two were partial break. One fracture was located close to the overlapping site of two stents and another fracture was accompanied by the formation of a coronary aneurysm. Angiography and IVUS are helpful to identify stent fracture. In addition, IVUS is more likely to clarify the cause of stent failure as well as the mechanism of stent fracture. (authors)

225

Epidemiologic pattern of patients with neurocysticercosis diagnosed by computed tomography in Curitiba, Brazil  

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The aim of this study was to drawn an epidemiological pattern of neurocystisticercosis (NCC) patients diagnosed by computed tomography at the major private diagnostic center in Curitiba, Brazil. A total of 1,009 medical files of consecutive patients presenting neurological indications were diagnosed by computed tomography from July 2007 to April 2008. Patient data included sex, age, municipality and tomography findings were analysed by Epi-info version 6.0.1. software. Most patients (81.10%) were living in Curitiba. A total of 91/1,009 cases (9.02%) were considered positive to NCC; 88 (96.7%) patients had inactive form of NCC and only 3 (3.2%) patients had cysts in granulomatous process. No patients had both forms. The prevalence of NCC cases in studied group was greater in patients between 51 to 60 years old, however, difference between sex was not significant. This epidemiological pattern of NCC was similar to the first NCC study in Curitiba, performed in 1995-1996 with 9.24% of positive cases. Key words: neurocysticercosis, cysticercus cellulosae, epidemiology. (author)

Grazziotin, Ana Laura; Monego, Fernanda [Federal University of Parana (UFPR), Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Coll. of Cellular and Molecular Biology; Fontalvo, Mariana Campos; Santos, Marilis Beckert Feijo; Grazziotin, Ana Line; Kolinski, Victor Hugo Zanini; Bordignon, Rodrigo Henrique; Biondo, Alexander Welker, E-mail: abiondo@illinois.ed [Federal University of Parana (UFPR), Curitiba, PR (Brazil). College of Veterinary Medicine; Antoniuk, Affonso [Federal University of Parana (UFPR), Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Dept. of Neurosurgery

2010-04-15

226

Epidemiologic pattern of patients with neurocysticercosis diagnosed by computed tomography in Curitiba, Brazil  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to drawn an epidemiological pattern of neurocystisticercosis (NCC) patients diagnosed by computed tomography at the major private diagnostic center in Curitiba, Brazil. A total of 1,009 medical files of consecutive patients presenting neurological indications were diagnosed by computed tomography from July 2007 to April 2008. Patient data included sex, age, municipality and tomography findings were analysed by Epi-info version 6.0.1. software. Most patients (81.10%) were living in Curitiba. A total of 91/1,009 cases (9.02%) were considered positive to NCC; 88 (96.7%) patients had inactive form of NCC and only 3 (3.2%) patients had cysts in granulomatous process. No patients had both forms. The prevalence of NCC cases in studied group was greater in patients between 51 to 60 years old, however, difference between sex was not significant. This epidemiological pattern of NCC was similar to the first NCC study in Curitiba, performed in 1995-1996 with 9.24% of positive cases. Key words: neurocysticercosis, cysticercus cellulosae, epidemiology. (author)

227

Serum Selenium, Zinc, and Copper in Early Diagnosed Patients with Pemphigus Vulgaris  

OpenAIRE

Background: Pemphigus vulgaris is a life threatening, blistering skin disease.It is an autoimmune abnormality.Due to involvement of oral cavity and pharynx,patients are at risk of nutrients deficiency.The aim of this study was to evaluate the status of selenium, copper, and zinc in these patients.Methods:In a case-control study, 43 newly diagnosed pemphigus vulgaris patients were compared with 58 healthy people from 2009 to 2010. The severity of the disease was estimated according to Harman's...

Zarei, M.; Eshraghian; Chams-davatchi, C.; Daneshpazhooh, M.; Mh, Javanbakht; Chamari, M.; Djalali, M.

2012-01-01

228

Diagnosing and following adult patients with acute myeloid leukaemia in the genomic age  

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The diagnosis and follow-up process of adult patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is challenging to clinicians and laboratory staff alike. While several sets of recommendations have been published over the years, the development of high throughput screening and characterization for both genetic and epigenetic events have evolved with astonishing speed. Here we attempt to provide a practical guide to diagnose and follow adult AML patients with a focus on how to balance the wealth of information on the one hand, with the restriction put on these processes in terms of time, feasibility and economy when caring for these patients, on the other.

Roug, Anne S; Hansen, Marcus Celik

2014-01-01

229

Bile acid malabsorption in patients with chronic diarrhoea : clinical value of SeHCAT test  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Bile acid malabsorption (BAM), a cause of chronic diarrhoea, can be diagnosed by the SeHCAT test. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of SeHCAT testing by assessing the extent of BAM and describing the clinical characteristics in a group of patients with chronic diarrhoea. Clinical outcome after treatment with cholestyramine was also evaluated.

Wildt, S; NØrby Rasmussen, S

2003-01-01

230

Prognostic factors for weight loss over 1-year period in patients recently diagnosed with mild Alzheimer Disease  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The aim of the study was to identify prognostic factors for weight loss in patients recently diagnosed with mild Alzheimer disease (AD), with special emphasis on the patients' social participation and living arrangements. The data used in this study was part of the Danish Alzheimer Intervention StudY. The patients were home-living patients with a clinical diagnosis, within the past 12 months, of probable AD or mixed AD; age =50 years; mini-mental state examination score =20; informed consent; and data available at 1-year follow-up. In total, 268 patients were included. We used a cut off of 4% in 1 year for defining weight loss. The mean age at inclusion was 76.1 years. Sixty-six patients (24.6%) lost more than 4% of their body weight during the study period. A logistic regression showed that an increase of 1 baseline body mass index point significantly increased the odds of weight loss by 9%. Furthermore, the results suggested a trend that for men, living alone was a risk factor for losing weight, whereas forwomen living with somebody was associated with a higher risk. However, further studies are pertinent within this area. As weight loss is a predictor of mortality in patients with AD, clinicians should be aware of prognostic social indicators to prevent or halt a potential negative development.

Hansen, M.L.; Waldorff, F.B.

2011-01-01

231

Clinical and laboratory evaluation of hyperlipemic and hypothyroid patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of hypothyroidism in a sample of hyperlipemic patients and evaluate clinical and laboratory factors indicative of thyropathy among them. METHODS: Fifty-one hyperlipemic patients, grouped according to an earlier or recent diagnosis of their thyroid function into [...] euthyroid and hypothyroid, were evaluated with clinical and laboratory examinations of blood levels of free T4 and TSH (by radioimmunoassay). Patients were on average 46.8±11.7 years old, predominantly of the female sex (62.5%); 31% had a previous diagnosis of hypothyroidism and were under treatment with thyroxin. RESULTS: Fourteen three percent of patients analyzed had hypothyroidism, which had not been detected before. Differentiating attributes of the groups analyzed were: a predominance of females among the hypothyroid patients and a higher HDL serum concentration among those recently diagnosed. CONCLUSION: In the present study, new cases of hypothyroidism in hyperlipemic patients were a frequent occurrence, yet few clinical and laboratory data except tests evaluating free T4 and TSH in the blood indicated which patients had thyroid dysfunction.

Ana Valéria Barros de, Castro; Alexandra Procópio, Bononi; Flávio, Aragon; Carlos Roberto, Padovani; Célia Regina, Nogueira; Gláucia M. F. da Silva, Mazeto; Walkyria de Paula, Pimenta.

2001-02-01

232

Clinical and laboratory evaluation of hyperlipemic and hypothyroid patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of hypothyroidism in a sample of hyperlipemic patients and evaluate clinical and laboratory factors indicative of thyropathy among them. METHODS: Fifty-one hyperlipemic patients, grouped according to an earlier or recent diagnosis of their thyroid function into euthyroid and hypothyroid, were evaluated with clinical and laboratory examinations of blood levels of free T4 and TSH (by radioimmunoassay. Patients were on average 46.8±11.7 years old, predominantly of the female sex (62.5%; 31% had a previous diagnosis of hypothyroidism and were under treatment with thyroxin. RESULTS: Fourteen three percent of patients analyzed had hypothyroidism, which had not been detected before. Differentiating attributes of the groups analyzed were: a predominance of females among the hypothyroid patients and a higher HDL serum concentration among those recently diagnosed. CONCLUSION: In the present study, new cases of hypothyroidism in hyperlipemic patients were a frequent occurrence, yet few clinical and laboratory data except tests evaluating free T4 and TSH in the blood indicated which patients had thyroid dysfunction.

Ana Valéria Barros de Castro

2001-02-01

233

Role of upper endoscopy in diagnosing opportunistic infections in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients  

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Full Text Available Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART has dramatically decreased opportunistic infections (OIs in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-infected patients. However, gastrointestinal disease continues to account for a high proportion of presenting symptoms in these patients. Gastrointestinal symptoms in treated patients who respond to therapy are more likely to the result of drug-induced complications than OI. Endoscopic evaluation of the gastrointestinal tract remains a cornerstone of diagnosis, especially in patients with advanced immunodeficiency, who are at risk for OI. The peripheral blood CD4 lymphocyte count helps to predict the risk of an OI, with the highest risk seen in HIV-infected patients with low CD4 count (< 200 cells/mm3. This review provides an update of the role of endoscopy in diagnosing OI in the upper gastrointestinal tract in HIV-infected patients in the era of HAART.

Ana Luiza Werneck-Silva, Ivete Bedin Prado

2009-03-01

234

Role of upper endoscopy in diagnosing opportunistic infections in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients  

Science.gov (United States)

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has dramatically decreased opportunistic infections (OIs) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. However, gastrointestinal disease continues to account for a high proportion of presenting symptoms in these patients. Gastrointestinal symptoms in treated patients who respond to therapy are more likely to the result of drug-induced complications than OI. Endoscopic evaluation of the gastrointestinal tract remains a cornerstone of diagnosis, especially in patients with advanced immunodeficiency, who are at risk for OI. The peripheral blood CD4 lymphocyte count helps to predict the risk of an OI, with the highest risk seen in HIV-infected patients with low CD4 count (< 200 cells/mm3). This review provides an update of the role of endoscopy in diagnosing OI in the upper gastrointestinal tract in HIV-infected patients in the era of HAART. PMID:19266596

Werneck-Silva, Ana Luiza; Prado, Ivete Bedin

2009-01-01

235

Diagnostic delay, quality of life and patient satisfaction among women diagnosed with endometrial or ovarian cancer : a nationwide Danish study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This study investigates the association between diagnostic delay (total delay), quality of life (QoL) and patient satisfaction, and the associations between QoL and patient satisfaction scores and survival for women diagnosed with ovarian or endometrial cancer.

Robinson, Kirstine M; Christensen, Karl Bang

2012-01-01

236

High cereblon expression is associated with better survival in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma treated with thalidomide maintenance.  

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Recently, cereblon (CRBN) expression was found to be essential for the activity of thalidomide and lenalidomide. In the present study, we investigated whether the clinical efficacy of thalidomide in multiple myeloma is associated with CRBN expression in myeloma cells. Patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma were included in the HOVON-65/GMMG-HD4 trial, in which postintensification treatment in 1 arm consisted of daily thalidomide (50 mg) for 2 years. Gene-expression profiling, determined at the start of the trial, was available for 96 patients who started thalidomide maintenance. In this patient set, increase of CRBN gene expression was significantly associated with longerprogression-free survival (P = .005). In contrast, no association between CRBN expression and survival was observed in the arm with bortezomib maintenance. We conclude that CRBN expression may be associated with the clinical efficacy of thalidomide. This trial has been registered at the Nederlands Trial Register (www.trialregister.nl) as NTR213; at the European Union Drug Regulating Authorities Clinical Trials (EudraCT) as 2004-000944-26; and at the International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number (ISRCTN) as 64455289. PMID:23233657

Broyl, Annemiek; Kuiper, Rowan; van Duin, Mark; van der Holt, Bronno; el Jarari, Laila; Bertsch, Uta; Zweegman, Sonja; Buijs, Arjan; Hose, Dirk; Lokhorst, Henk M; Goldschmidt, Hartmut; Sonneveld, Pieter

2013-01-24

237

Diagnosing and treating Diamond Blackfan anaemia: results of an international clinical consensus conference  

OpenAIRE

Diamond Blackfan anaemia (DBA) is a rare, genetically and clinically heterogeneous, inherited red cell aplasia. Classical DBA affects about seven per million live births and presents during the first year of life. However, as mutated genes have been discovered in DBA, non-classical cases with less distinct phenotypes are being described in adults as well as children. In caring for these patients it is often difficult to have a clear understanding of the treatment options and their outcomes be...

Vlachos, Adrianna; Ball, Sarah; Dahl, Niklas; Alter, Blanche P.; Sheth, Sujit; Ramenghi, Ugo; Meerpohl, Joerg; Karlsson, Stefan; Liu, Johnson M.; Leblanc, Thierry; Paley, Carole; Kang, Elizabeth M.; Leder, Eva Judmann; Atsidaftos, Eva; Shimamura, Akiko

2008-01-01

238

[Diagnostic strategy in patients with clinically suspected deep vein thrombosis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

INTRODUCTION: The standard method for diagnosing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) involves determination of D-dimer and ultrasound scanning. In an attempt to reduce the number of ultrasound examinations we have supplemented this with a clinical probability estimate for DVT (DVT-score) over one year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 508 consecutive patients presenting in the emergency room with suspected DVT had D-dimer and DVT-score performed. Patients with non-elevated D-dimer and a low or moderate DVT score received no treatment. The remainder had ultrasound scanning from the groin to the popliteal fossa. If no DVT was revealed, the patient was contacted by telephone 7-10 days later, and was offered a repeat examination if symptoms persisted. RESULTS: Three patients with chronic DVT were excluded. Normal D-dimer and low or moderate DVT-score was found in 103 patients, none had DVT. Only five patients with normal D-dimer had high DVT-scores, none had DVT, so that the benefit from determining DVT-scores was modest. Ultrasound scanning revealed DVT in 85 out of 397 patients with elevated D-dimer. A repeat examination was performed in 91 patients with persisting symptoms, and disclosed DVT in two. CONCLUSION: We recommend that ambulatory patients with clinically suspected DVT have a D-dimer test. If D-dimer is elevated, compression ultrasound should be performed in the groin and the popliteal fossa Udgivelsesdato: 2008/3/31

Mantoni, Margit Yvonne; Kristensen, M.

2008-01-01

239

A study on clinical findings about vertebral disease diagnosed with MRI  

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In order to analyze clinical characteristics like sex-and age-based onset frequency and onset region from vertebral disease cases, this study investigated total 1,291 cases of vertebral disease that were diagnosed via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) from January to December 2004 at B University Hospital in metropolitan area. For higher diagnostic accuracy in cases of spinal disorder diagnosed, this study analyzed findings from data reading conducted by veteran specialists in diagnostic radiology. But this study excluded uncertain lesion cases, the cases requiring differential diagnosis from other disorders and so on from subjects under analysis. This study employed superconductive 1.5 Tesla SIGNA MR/i for MRI test and basically received resulting images via FSE (fast spin echo). In particular, this study obtained T1 and T2 myelogram with regard to regional characteristics (such as cervical vertebrae, thoracic vertebrae and lumbar vertebra) and imaging characteristics for sagittal and transverse section. As a result, this study came to the following conclusions: 1. In terms of general characteristics of subjects under analysis, male group comprised 53.5% and female 46.5% out of total 1,291 subjects. 2. The regional onset frequency of spinal disorders was converged primarily on lumbar vertebra (65.5%), which was followed by cervical vertebrae (27.3%) and thoracic vertebrae (7.0%) respectively. 3. Top 10 cases with high onset frequency of spinal disorders can be listed as follows: 1) posterior bulging disc 65.8% 2) narrowing of neural foramen 23.8% 3) herniated intervertebral disc (HIVD) 22.4% 4) spinal stenosis 16.7% 5) osteochondrosis 6.4% 6) compression fracture 6.4% 7) facet joint arthropathy 6.2% 8) spondylolisthesis 6.0% 9) spinal cord tumor 3.5% 10) inter body fusion 2.6%.

Kim, Ham-Gyum [Ansan College, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2006-09-15

240

A study on clinical findings about vertebral disease diagnosed with MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to analyze clinical characteristics like sex-and age-based onset frequency and onset region from vertebral disease cases, this study investigated total 1,291 cases of vertebral disease that were diagnosed via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) from January to December 2004 at B University Hospital in metropolitan area. For higher diagnostic accuracy in cases of spinal disorder diagnosed, this study analyzed findings from data reading conducted by veteran specialists in diagnostic radiology. But this study excluded uncertain lesion cases, the cases requiring differential diagnosis from other disorders and so on from subjects under analysis. This study employed superconductive 1.5 Tesla SIGNA MR/i for MRI test and basically received resulting images via FSE (fast spin echo). In particular, this study obtained T1 and T2 myelogram with regard to regional characteristics (such as cervical vertebrae, thoracic vertebrae and lumbar vertebra) and imaging characteristics for sagittal and transverse section. As a result, this study came to the following conclusions: 1. In terms of general characteristics of subjects under analysis, male group comprised 53.5% and female 46.5% out of total 1,291 subjects. 2. The regional onset frequency of spinal disorders was converged primarily on lumbar vertebra (65.5%), which was followed by cervical vertebrae (27.3%) and thoracic vertebrae (7.0%) respectively. 3. Top 10 cases with high onset frequency of spinal disorders can be listed equency of spinal disorders can be listed as follows: 1) posterior bulging disc 65.8% 2) narrowing of neural foramen 23.8% 3) herniated intervertebral disc (HIVD) 22.4% 4) spinal stenosis 16.7% 5) osteochondrosis 6.4% 6) compression fracture 6.4% 7) facet joint arthropathy 6.2% 8) spondylolisthesis 6.0% 9) spinal cord tumor 3.5% 10) inter body fusion 2.6%

241

An autopsy case of clinically un-diagnosed autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease in 77-year-old male.  

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Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is caused by genetic mutations of the gene encoding fibrocystin, and is characterized by the collecting duct cysts and congenital hepatic fibrosis. We report an autopsy-proven case of ARPKD in a 77-year-old male who presented with rapidly progressive renal and liver dysfunction. He had refused hemodialysis, and died 4 months later. At autopsy, both kidneys were enlarged with numerous small cysts throughout the cortex, which were revealed immunohistochemically to be the collecting ducts. Liver involvement was characterized by ductal plate malformation accompanied with portal fibrosis. The morphological appearances were compatible with ARPKD and the negative immunostaining for fibrocystin in the collecting ducts and bile ducts confirmed the diagnosis. ARPKD is known to occur in the neonatal period or in infancy with a high mortality rate. Although some patients who survive infancy are expected to live longer into young adulthood, most patients with ARPKD die of renal and hepatic failure in their childhood. The present case is extremely exceptional, in that no clinical symptoms suggestive of ARPKD were noticed until old age, and suggests that the disease spectrum of ARPKD is variable, and that a slowly progressive form of ARPKD may not be diagnosed until old age. PMID:23252870

Taneda, Sekiko; Honda, Kazuho; Aoki, Asuka; Nitta, Kosaku; Tamura, Takashi; Yoshioka, Yoko; Oda, Hideaki

2012-12-01

242

Pharmacokinetic of Arsenic Trioxide in Newly Diagnosed Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia Patients  

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Full Text Available The high complete remission rate with arsenic trioxide (ATO in relapsed Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (APL patients has been led to its use in newly diagnosed patients. Twenty newly diagnosed APL patients between January 2006 and 2007 received 2 h intravenous infusion of 10 mg day-1 arsenic trioxide for induction therapy until achieving complete remission. Plasma arsenic concentration was analyzed by graphite furnace atomic absorption method by dilution of plasma with a suitable matrix modifier. The concentration of arsenic in 24 h urine of patients was measured by using a valid standard addition method and a suitable matrix modifier. The Limits of Detection (LOD were 1.2 and 1.5 ?g L-1 for arsenic in plasma and urine, respectively. Pharmacokinetic parameters of 20 patients were as following: Cmax: 43.6 ±19.5 ?g L-1, tmax: 2.15±0.7 h, AUC0-24: 683±317 ?g h L-1, AUC0-?: 2027±958 ?g h L-1, t1/2: 41±10 h, kel: 0.02±0.01 h-1, Vd: 5.6±3.6 L kg-1 and Cltotal: 0.1±0.05 L kg-1 h-1. During the first day of induction, 1.4±0.2% of administrated arsenic excreted into urine. Renal clearance was 5.1±4.1 mL kg-1 h-1. However, the results showed that the pharmacokinetic of ATO in newly diagnosed APL patients weren`t dependent to the sex of patients.

R. Hosseini

2008-01-01

243

Predictors of Distant Brain Recurrence for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Brain Metastases Treated With Stereotactic Radiosurgery Alone  

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Purpose: To ascertain predictors of distant brain failure (DBF) in patients treated initially with stereotactic radiosurgery alone for newly diagnosed brain metastases. We hypothesize that these factors may be used to group patients according to risk of DBF. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively analyzed 100 patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases treated from 2003 to 2005 at our Gamma Knife radiosurgery facility. The primary endpoint was DBF. Potential predictors included number of metastases, tumor volume, histologic characteristics, extracranial disease, and use of temozolomide. Results: One-year actuarial risk of DBF was 61% for all patients. Significant predictors of DBF included more than three metastases (hazard ratio, 3.30; p = 0.004), stable or poorly controlled extracranial disease (hazard ratio, 2.16; p = 0.04), and melanoma histologic characteristics (hazard ratio, 2.14; p = 0.02). These were confirmed in multivariate analysis. Those with three or fewer metastases, no extracranial disease, and nonmelanoma histologic characteristics (N = 18) had a median time to DBF of 89 weeks vs. 33 weeks for all others. One-year actuarial freedom from DBF for this group was 83% vs. 26% for all others. Conclusions: Independent significant predictors of DBF in our series included number of metastases (more than three), present or uncontrolled extracranial disease, and melanoma histologic characteristics. These factors were combined to identify a lower risk subgrre combined to identify a lower risk subgroup with significantly longer time to DBF. These patients may be candidates for initial localized treatment, reserving whole-brain radiation therapy for salvage. Patients in the higher risk group may be candidates for initial whole-brain radiation therapy or should be considered for clinical trials

244

Molecular detection of Rifampicin and Isoniazid resistance in culture isolates of newly diagnosed TB patients  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) isan emerging public health problem in many regions of the world, particularly in developing nations. Accurate and rapid diagnosisis essential in the management of MDR-TB, not onlyto optimize treatment but also to prevent transmission. Aims: To evaluate drug resistance in culture isolates by conventional and molecular methods and detect drug resistance gene in MDR-TB patients. Material and Method: 100 newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculo...

Vanisree R, Kavitha Latha M.

2014-01-01

245

A Case of Erosive Polyarthritis in a Patient Diagnosed With a Suspicion of Atypical Mycobacteria  

OpenAIRE

In this report, we introduce a case of erosive polyarthritis in a 55-year-old female diagnosed with Mycobacterium abscessus pulmonary infection. Her arthritis has been worsened after use of DMARDs. The patient demonstrated a significant response to the antimicrobial regimen that was administered. We call special attention to the possibility of Mycobacterium abscessus being a cause of reactive polyarthritis, particularly if symptoms worsened after use of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (...

Almoallim, Hani; Alharbi, Laila; Alshareef, Zainab; Wali, Ghassan

2013-01-01

246

Characterization of a group of patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia diagnosed by diathermic loop biopsy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A retrospective, longitudinal and descriptive study was conducted in 2 696 medical records corresponding to patients diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and invasive cancer of cervix uteri (CCU) seen in the mother hospital of Guanabacoa municipality over above mentioned period. The information processing was from the data retrieval from medical records and biopsy control registry entering in a database in Microsoft Excel and the statistic processing using the SPSS package version 15 and EPIDAT

247

Bayesian probability analysis: a prospective demonstration of its clinical utility in diagnosing coronary disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One hundred fifty-four patients referred for coronary arteriography were prospectively studied with stress electrocardiography, stress thallium scintigraphy, cine fluoroscopy (for coronary calcifications), and coronary angiography. Pretest probabilities of coronary disease were determined based on age, sex, and type of chest pain. These and pooled literature values for the conditional probabilities of test results based on disease state were used in Bayes theorem to calculate posttest probabilities of disease. The results of the three noninvasive tests were compared for statistical independence, a necessary condition for their simultaneous use in Bayes theorem. The test results were found to demonstrate pairwise independence in patients with and those without disease. Some dependencies that were observed between the test results and the clinical variables of age and sex were not sufficient to invalidate application of the theorem. Sixty-eight of the study patients had at least one major coronary artery obstruction of greater than 50%. When these patients were divided into low-, intermediate-, and high-probability subgroups according to their pretest probabilities, noninvasive test results analyzed by Bayesian probability analysis appropriately advanced 17 of them by at least one probability subgroup while only seven were moved backward. Of the 76 patients without disease, 34 were appropriately moved into a lower probability subgroup while 10 were incorrectly moved up.bgroup while 10 were incorrectly moved up. We conclude that posttest probabilities calculated from Bayes theorem more accurately classified patients with and without disease than did pretest probabilities, thus demonstrating the utility of the theorem in this application

248

Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies Are Highly Prevalent in Newly Diagnosed Celiac Disease Patients  

Science.gov (United States)

Malabsorption, weight loss and vitamin/mineral-deficiencies characterize classical celiac disease (CD). This study aimed to assess the nutritional and vitamin/mineral status of current “early diagnosed” untreated adult CD-patients in the Netherlands. Newly diagnosed adult CD-patients were included (n = 80, 42.8 ± 15.1 years) and a comparable sample of 24 healthy Dutch subjects was added to compare vitamin concentrations. Nutritional status and serum concentrations of folic acid, vitamin A, B6, B12, and (25-hydroxy) D, zinc, haemoglobin (Hb) and ferritin were determined (before prescribing gluten free diet). Almost all CD-patients (87%) had at least one value below the lower limit of reference. Specifically, for vitamin A, 7.5% of patients showed deficient levels, for vitamin B6 14.5%, folic acid 20%, and vitamin B12 19%. Likewise, zinc deficiency was observed in 67% of the CD-patients, 46% had decreased iron storage, and 32% had anaemia. Overall, 17% were malnourished (>10% undesired weight loss), 22% of the women were underweight (Body Mass Index (BMI) 25). Vitamin deficiencies were barely seen in healthy controls, with the exception of vitamin B12. Vitamin/mineral deficiencies were counter-intuitively not associated with a (higher) grade of histological intestinal damage or (impaired) nutritional status. In conclusion, vitamin/mineral deficiencies are still common in newly “early diagnosed” CD-patients, even though the prevalence of obesity at initial diagnosis is rising. Extensive nutritional assessments seem warranted to guide nutritional advices and follow-up in CD treatment. PMID:24084055

Wierdsma, Nicolette J.; van Bokhorst-de van der Schueren, Marian A. E.; Berkenpas, Marijke; Mulder, Chris J. J.; van Bodegraven, Ad A.

2013-01-01

249

Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies Are Highly Prevalent in Newly Diagnosed Celiac Disease Patients  

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Full Text Available Malabsorption, weight loss and vitamin/mineral-deficiencies characterize classical celiac disease (CD. This study aimed to assess the nutritional and vitamin/mineral status of current “early diagnosed” untreated adult CD-patients in the Netherlands. Newly diagnosed adult CD-patients were included (n = 80, 42.8 ± 15.1 years and a comparable sample of 24 healthy Dutch subjects was added to compare vitamin concentrations. Nutritional status and serum concentrations of folic acid, vitamin A, B6, B12, and (25-hydroxy D, zinc, haemoglobin (Hb and ferritin were determined (before prescribing gluten free diet. Almost all CD-patients (87% had at least one value below the lower limit of reference. Specifically, for vitamin A, 7.5% of patients showed deficient levels, for vitamin B6 14.5%, folic acid 20%, and vitamin B12 19%. Likewise, zinc deficiency was observed in 67% of the CD-patients, 46% had decreased iron storage, and 32% had anaemia. Overall, 17% were malnourished (>10% undesired weight loss, 22% of the women were underweight (Body Mass Index (BMI 25. Vitamin deficiencies were barely seen in healthy controls, with the exception of vitamin B12. Vitamin/mineral deficiencies were counter-intuitively not associated with a (higher grade of histological intestinal damage or (impaired nutritional status. In conclusion, vitamin/mineral deficiencies are still common in newly “early diagnosed” CD-patients, even though the prevalence of obesity at initial diagnosis is rising. Extensive nutritional assessments seem warranted to guide nutritional advices and follow-up in CD treatment.

Ad A. van Bodegraven

2013-09-01

250

Risk factors of distant brain failure for patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases treated with stereotactic radiotherapy alone  

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Full Text Available Abstract Objective To explore the risk factors of distant brain failure (DBF for patients with brain metastasis (BM who were treated with stereotactic radiotherapy alone and to group the patients on the basis of their risk levels. Methods and Materials We retrospectively analyzed 132 newly diagnosed BM patients who were treated with stereotactic radiotherapy alone from May 2000 to April 2010. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were performed for univariate and multivariate analyses. Results The 1-year incidence rate of DBF was 44.7%, and the median DBF time (MDBFT was 18 months. In multivariate analysis, the risk factors of DBF were the number of BMs greater than 1 (p = 0.041, uncontrolled extracranial disease (p = 0.005, interval time (IT of less than 60 months between the diagnosis of primary tumor and BM (p = 0.024, and total volume of BM was greater than 6 cc (p = 0.049. Each risk factor was assigned 1 score. The median survival times for the patients with scores of 0-1, 2-3, and 4 were 31, 12, and 10 months, respectively, and the corresponding MDBFTs were not reached, 13, and 3 months, respectively, (p Conclusions The patients with scores of 0-1 had a lower risk of DBF than the patients with higher scores did, and it may be reasonable to treat these patients with SRS alone and resort to whole-brain radiation therapy only for salvage. The patients with a score of 4 had the highest risk of developing DBF after stereotactic radiotherapy alone, these patients may be candidates for initial whole-brain radiation therapy or clinical trials. The patients with a score of 2-3 had a moderate risk of developing DBF, SRT alone combined with close clinical monitoring would be the optimal treatment regimen for such patients, and for those patients with difficulties in receiving close clinical mornitoring, SRT combined with WBRT will be more suitable.

Chen Xiu-jun

2011-12-01

251

Diagnoses and nursing interventions identified in patients with spinal cordy injury: literature systematic review  

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Full Text Available Objectives: to describe nursing diagnoses identified in patients with spinal cord injury, the diagnosis rate in basic human needs (BHN theory of Wanda de Aguiar Horta to identify nursing interventions to be implemented to minimize and / or resolve the identified diagnoses. Methodology: this is a literature survey in the Virtual Health Library using four search strategies. We selected eight articles. To complement the research was used a dissertation on the subject and the bibliography of Horta. Results: we identified 16 nursing diagnoses, with a prevalence of 87.5% in physiological needs, followed by the psychosocial needs (12.5%. Have been identified diagnostics for the psycho-spiritual needs. Were listed by 26 nurses nursing interventions focused predominantly on the physiological needs (92.31%. Conclusion: it was possible to identify and classify diagnoses and nursing interventions aimed at NHB. It should be emphasized that nurses must have a focused look at all needs to be given assistance in a comprehensive and humane.

Flávia Lima Miranda, Sílvia Marquez Henriques, Camila Moreira Abrahão, Nayara Drumond Gonçalves, Meire Chucre Tannure

2010-05-01

252

Intelligent Virtual Patients for Training Clinical Skills  

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Full Text Available The article presents the design process of intelligent virtual human patients that are used for the enhancement of clinical skills. The description covers the development from conceptualization and character creation to technical components and the application in clinical research and training. The aim is to create believable social interactions with virtual agents that help the clinician to develop skills in symptom and ability assessment, diagnosis, interview techniques and interpersonal communication. The virtual patient fulfills the requirements of a standardized patient producing consistent, reliable and valid interactions in portraying symptoms and behaviour related to a specific clinical condition.

Thomas D. Parsons

2011-09-01

253

Alteraciones neuroftalmológicas en pacientes con hipertensión endocraneana idiopática Neuro-opththalmologic alterations in patients diagnosed with idiopathic endocranial hypertension  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar el comportamiento de las alteraciones neuroftalmológicas en pacientes con hipertensión endocraneana idiopática. MÉTODOS: Estudio prospectivo en 80 pacientes con hipertensión endocraneana idiopática en el Instituto de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer" durante el período 2006-2010, con énfasis en manifestaciones clínicas, examen físico y evaluación del disco por tomografía de coherencia óptica. RESULTADOS: La hipertensión endocraneana idiopática se presentó en el 61 % de mujeres entre 15 y 40 años. Las manifestaciones clínicas predominantes fueron cefalea, oscurecimientos visuales transitorios y diplopía. El examen físico mostró papiledema en todos los pacientes, afectación campimétrica en 87 % y alteraciones del contraste en 79 %, relacionados con el tiempo de evolución. La tomografía de coherencia óptica fue útil para diagnóstico y seguimiento de los casos estudiados. CONCLUSIONES: La hipertensión endocraneana idiopática produce daño funcional visual irreversible en pacientes diagnosticados tardíamente.OBJECTIVE: To determine the behavior of neuro-ophthalmologic alterations of this entity. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 80 patients diagnosed with idiopathic endocranial hypertension seen in the "Ramon Pando Ferrer" Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from 2006 to 2020 emphasizing the clinical manifestations, the physical examination and the assessment of disk by optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: The idiopathic endocranial hypertension was present in the 61 % of women aged between 15 and 40. The predominant clinical manifestations were headache, transient visual darkening and diplopia. The physical examination showed the presence of papilledema in all patients, campimetry affection in the 87 % and contrast alterations in the 79 % related to course time. The optical coherence tomography was useful for diagnosis and follow-up of the study cases. CONCLUSIONS: The idiopathic endocranial hypertension produces a visual functional damage irreversible in patients diagnosed in a late way.

Yannara Elina Columbié Garbey

2011-06-01

254

99Tcm-MIBI gated myocardial perfusion imaging in patients with myocardial bridging diagnosed by CT angiography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore the clinical value of 99Tcm-MIBI G-MPI in patients diagnosed with myocardial bridging (MB) by CTA. Methods: Forty-five patients with MB and 17 normal controls diagnosed by CTA(64 slices CT) were included. All patients underwent rest 99Tcm-MIBI G-MPI and 17 MB patients and 9 normal controls also underwent stress 99Tcm-MIBI G-MPI. Myocardial ischemia, function and wall motion were assessed. G-MPI results were compared with CTA results by ?2 test, Fisher exact test and t test. Results: In patients with MB, the positive rate of abnormal perfusion by gated stress 99Tcm-MIBI G-MPI was 64.7% (11/17) and 41.2% (7/17) using quantitative analysis and visual evaluation respectively; while the data were 42.2% (19/45) and 22.2% (10/45) by rest G-MPI (P=0.035). The positive rate by rest G-MPI in MB patients was significant different among mural coronary arteries of different depths and different locations. By quantitative analysis of the stress G-MPI, the reversible, fixed, and mixed ischemia patients were 4 (35.3%), 6 (23.5%) and 1 (5.9%) respectively; the reversed, reversible and fixed abnormity of wall motion was found in 4 (23.5%), 4 (23.5%) and 2 (11.8%) patients respectively; the reversed, reversible and fixed wall thickening were found in 6 (35.3%), 5 (29.4%) and 1 (5.9%) patients respectively. There was no significant difference in left ventricular ejection fraction and peak filling rate between MB patients and normal controls in both rest and stress studies (t: from -0.564 to 1.292, all P>0.05). Conclusion: The G-MPI may be useful for the evaluation of myocardial ischemia and myocardial function simultaneously in patients with MB. (authors)

255

Newly diagnosed incident dizziness of older patients: a follow-up study in primary care  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Dizziness is a common complaint of older patients in primary care, yet not much is known about the course of incident dizziness. The aim of the study was to follow-up symptoms, subjective impairments and needs of older patients (?65 with incident dizziness and to determine predictors of chronic dizziness. Furthermore, we analysed general practitioners' (GPs' initial diagnoses, referrals and revised diagnoses after six months. Methods An observational study was performed in 21 primary care practices in Germany, including a four-week and six-month follow-up. A questionnaire comprising characteristic matters of dizziness and a series of validated instruments was completed by 66 participants during enrolment and follow-up (after 1 month and 6 months. After six months, chart reviews and face-to-face interviews were also performed with the GPs. Results Mean scores of dizziness handicap, depression and quality of life were not or only slightly affected, and did not deteriorate during follow-up; however, 24 patients (34.8% showed a moderate or severe dizziness handicap, and 43 (62.3% showed a certain disability in terms of quality of life at the time of enrolment. In multivariate analysis, n = 44 patients suffering from chronic dizziness (dependent variable, i.e. relapsing or persistent at six months initially had a greater dizziness handicap (OR 1.42, 95%CI 1.05-1.47 than patients with transient dizziness. GPs referred 47.8% of the patients to specialists who detected two additional cases of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV. Conclusions New-onset dizziness relapsed or persisted in a considerable number of patients within six months. This was difficult to predict due to the patients' heterogeneous complaints and characteristics. Symptom persistence does not seem to be associated with deterioration of the psychological status in older primary care patients. Management strategies should routinely consider BPPV as differential diagnosis.

Hummers-Pradier Eva

2011-06-01

256

Clinical study of CT virtual endoscopy in diagnosing polyps of the gallbladder  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the ability and clinical application of CT virtual endoscopy on polyps of the gallbladder. Methods: CT virtual endoscopy findings of 32 patients with polyps of the gallbladder proved pathologically were presented by using oral iodine contrast, and compared with color Doppler ultrasound. Results: The accuracy rate of color Doppler ultrasound and CTVEGB were 96.9% (93/96) and 93.8% (90/96) respectively (x2 = 0.466, P > 0.05). CTVEGB could more correctly demonstrate the surface details of polyps which were viewed in a 3D fashion in any projection than ultrasound. CTVEGB corresponded well with color Doppler ultrasound and operation and pathology in demonstrating the size, configuration and location of the lesions. Conclusion: CTVEGB is a noninvasive and accurate procedure, which has a important value in clinic applications

257

Clinical importance of Clostridium difficile finding in hospitalized patients  

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Full Text Available Introduction Clostridium difficile infections predominatelly occur among hospitalized patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the importance of finding the isolate of Clostridium difficile cultured from the stool of hospitalized patients. Material and methods Material consisted of 100 patients with at least one liquid stool samples and control group with form stool. Every patient spent minimum 48h in hospital before the sampling. The material was immediately cultured on mediums for isolation of enteric pathogens, and on selective CCFA medium (Biomedics for Clostridium difficile in anaerobic condition. Diagnosis of Clostridium difficile toxin in stool samples was achieved by ELISA-RIDASCREEN Clostridium difficile Toxin A/B test (R-Biopharm. Results One-hundred forty one stool samples of patients in Clinical Center Nis were cultivated and examined for C. difficile. The bacteria was isolated in seven patients from the clinical group. In four (57.14% patients, the presence of C. difficile toxin in stool was established. The bacteria was diagnosed from the stool samples of five patients from the control group, but the toxin was not found in their stool samples. Discussion The results performed at the Institute for Public Health Nis are in accordance with previously published results that all patients with positive findings of Clostridium difficile toxin in stool samples were on antibiotic treatment longer than 14 days. By analyzing the patient's stay in hospital and duration of antibiotic treatment, we observed the statistically significant difference in findings between the patients with CDAD and the patients from the control group with positive bacteria. Conclusion The study confirms the importance of finding Clostridium difficile associated disease in four (4% hospitalized patients.

Koci? Branislava

2008-01-01

258

A phase II study of temozolomide in patients with newly diagnosed supratentorial malignant glioma before radiation therapy.  

OpenAIRE

Temozolomide is a novel second-generation oral alkylating agent with demonstrated efficacy and safety in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and anaplastic astrocytoma (AA). A multicenter phase II trial was conducted to determine the efficacy and safety of temozolomide before radiotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed GBM and AA. Fifty-seven patients (51 adult, 6 pediatric) with newly diagnosed supratentorial GBM or AA were treated with temozolomide (200 mg/m ( 2 ) per da...

Gilbert, Mark R.; Friedman, Henry S.; Kuttesch, John F.; Prados, Michael D.; Olson, Jeffrey J.; Reaman, Gregory H.; Zaknoen, Sara L.

2002-01-01

259

Hypoactivation of reward motivational system in patients with newly diagnosed hypertension grade I-II.  

Science.gov (United States)

In patients with newly diagnosed untreated grade I-II hypertension, EEG oscillations were recorded under conditions activation of the two basic motivational systems, defensive motivational system and positive reinforcement system, evoked by recall of personally meaningful emotional events. The 64-channel EEG and cardiovascular reactivity (beat-by-beat technology) were simultaneously recorded. At rest, hypertensive patients had significantly reduced platelet serotonin concentrations in comparison with healthy individuals. The patients experiencing emotional activation were characterized by significantly lower intensity of positive emotions associated with more pronounced suppression of EEG activity in the delta (2-4 Hz) and theta (ranges of frequency 4-6 and 6-8 Hz) oscillators in the parieto-occipital cortex (zones P and PO) in both hemispheres of the brain. The findings attest to insufficient function of the brain serotonin system and hypoactivation of the reward/reinforcement system in patients with primary hypertension. PMID:25110077

Aftanas, L I; Brak, I V; Gilinskaya, O M; Korenek, V V; Pavlov, S V; Reva, N V

2014-08-01

260

Profile of patients diagnosed with AIDS at age 60 and above in Brazil, from 1980 until June 2009, compared to those diagnosed at age 18 to 59  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to learn more about people diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS at age 60 and above in Brazil, and to compare them with people diagnosed at a younger age. METHODS: This study was based on the analysis of secondary data from the Brazilian AIDS Program. The study population consisted of people diagnosed with AIDS at age 60 and above. The comparison group was comprised of a 20% random sample of people diagnosed at age 18 to 59, frequency-matched by year of diagnosis. RESULTS: 544,846 cases of AIDS were reported in Brazil from 1980 until June 2009. Over 90% of cases were diagnosed between 18 and 59 years of age, and 13,657 (2.5% at age 60 and above. The first case of AIDS among the elderly was reported in 1984. The comparison group consisted of 101,528 patients. Gender proportion was similar for both groups, and the proportion of people identified with AIDS after death in the Brazilian Mortality Information System (SIM was 4% higher among the elderly. Both groups were also similar regarding the region of residence; a markedly higher proportion lived in Southeastern Brazil. Older people were more likely to have lower education and to have contracted AIDS by heterosexual contact, and less likely to be intravenous drug users. Male to female ratio among those diagnosed with AIDS at or above age 60 decreased over the years, in the same way as observed for the whole cohort. Mortality was higher among men in both groups. CD4 category (taken closest to the date of AIDS diagnosis was very similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: The characteristics of the epidemic among the elderly show similarities to the younger group considering gender distribution and CD4 category, but differ regarding educational level and exposure category. Also, the elderly were more likely not to have their AIDS condition promptly diagnosed.

Marise Oliveira Fonseca

2012-12-01

261

Does delay in diagnosing colorectal cancer in symptomatic patients affect tumor stage and survival? A population-based observational study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Diagnosing colorectal cancer (CRC at an early stage improves survival. To what extent any delay affects outcome once patients are symptomatic is still unclear. Our objectives were to evaluate the association between diagnostic delay and survival in symptomatic patients with early stage CRC and late stage CRC. Methods Prospective population-based observational study evaluating daily clinical practice in Northern Holland. Diagnostic delay was determined through questionnaire-interviews. Dukes' stage was classified into two groups: early stage (Dukes A or B and late stage (Dukes C or D cancer. Patients were followed up for 3.5 years after diagnosis. Results In total, 272 patients were available for analysis. Early stage CRC was present in 136 patients while 136 patients had late stage CRC. The mean total diagnostic delay (SE was 31 (1.5 weeks in all CRC patients. No significant difference was observed in the mean total diagnostic delay in early versus late stage CRC (p = 0.27. In early stage CRC, no difference in survival was observed between patients with total diagnostic delay shorter and longer than the median (Kaplan-Meier, log-rank p = 0.93. In late stage CRC, patients with a diagnostic delay shorter than the median had a shorter survival than patients with a diagnostic delay longer than the median (log-rank p = 0.01. In the multivariate Cox regression model with survival as dependent variable and median delay, age, open access endoscopy, number and type of symptoms as independent variables, the odd's ratio for survival in patients with long delay (>median versus short delay (?median was 1.8 (95% confidence interval (CI 1.1 to 3.0; p = 0.01. Tumor-site was not associated with patient survival. When separating late stage CRC in Dukes C and Dukes D tumors, a shorter delay was associated with a shorter survival in Dukes D tumors only and not in Dukes C tumors. Conclusion In symptomatic CRC patients, a longer diagnostic and therapeutic delay in routine clinical practice was not associated with an adverse effect on survival. The time to CRC diagnosis and initiation of treatment did not differ between early stage and late stage colorectal cancer.

Visser Otto

2010-06-01

262

Clinical presentation of patients with symptomatic anterior hip impingement.  

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Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is considered a cause of labrochondral disease and secondary osteoarthritis. Nevertheless, the clinical syndrome associated with FAI is not fully characterized. We determined the clinical history, functional status, activity status, and physical examination findings that characterize FAI. We prospectively evaluated 51 patients (52 hips) with symptomatic FAI. Evaluation of the clinical history, physical exam, and previous treatments was performed. Patients completed demographic and validated hip questionnaires (Baecke et al., SF-12, Modified Harris hip, and UCLA activity score). The average patient age was 35 years and 57% were male. Symptom onset was commonly insidious (65%) and activity-related. Pain occurred predominantly in the groin (83%). The mean time from symptom onset to definitive diagnosis was 3.1 years. Patients were evaluated by an average 4.2 healthcare providers prior to diagnosis and inaccurate diagnoses were common. Thirteen percent had unsuccessful surgery at another anatomic site. On exam, 88% of the hips were painful with the anterior impingement test. Hip flexion and internal rotation in flexion were limited to an average 97 degrees and 9 degrees, respectively. The patients were relatively active, yet demonstrated restrictions of function and overall health. These data may facilitate diagnosis of this disorder. PMID:19130160

Clohisy, John C; Knaus, Evan R; Hunt, Devyani M; Lesher, John M; Harris-Hayes, Marcie; Prather, Heidi

2009-03-01

263

Immunoglobulin light chain amyloidosis is diagnosed late in patients with preexisting plasma cell dyscrasias.  

Science.gov (United States)

AL amyloidosis (AL) is rare and frequently remains undiagnosed until organ function is compromised, even among patients with known pre-existing untreated plasma cell dyscrasias (PCD). We identified 168 patients with AL amyloidosis who had a prior untreated PCD. The earliest symptom or sign (s/s) was defined as the first symptom reported by the patient that could be attributed to organ dysfunction caused by AL. The interval from the time of development of s/s to the establishment of diagnosis of AL (Interval-SA) was calculated. PCD diagnosis preceded recorded onset of s/s in 75% (114/152) of patients, with a median interval-SA for this group of 10 months. PCD was diagnosed after s/s in 25% (38/152) of patients, with a median interval-SA of 20 months. Overall survival (OS) from diagnosis of AL was not different between the two groups. AL amyloidosis patients with an identified pre-existing PCD had less advanced cardiac disease at AL diagnosis when compared to a control group of AL patients without pre-identified PCD. Long-term OS was not significantly superior among patients with a pre-identified PCD. In patients with "asymptomatic" PCD, symptoms and signs of AL amyloidosis should be solicited, since timely diagnosis is important in AL amyloidosis. PMID:25111004

Kourelis, Taxiarchis V; Kumar, Shaji K; Go, Ronald S; Kapoor, Prashant; Kyle, Robert A; Buadi, Francis K; Gertz, Morie A; Lacy, Martha Q; Hayman, Suzanne R; Leung, Nelson; Dingli, David; Lust, John A; Lin, Yi; Zeldenrust, Stephen R; Rajkumar, S Vincent; Dispenzieri, Angela

2014-11-01

264

Mitral annular calcification in elderly patients. Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics  

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Full Text Available Background. The clinical significance of idiopathic mitral annular calcification (MAC often diagnosed by echocardiography in elderly patients currently is not sufficiently studied.Aim. To study the clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of the cardiovascular system in patients with MAC aged 65 and older without diabetes mellitus and renal failure.Material and methods. Study included 100 patients with MAC, consecutively identified by 2D transthoracic echocardiography performed with relation to cardiovascular disease symptoms in 910 outpatients aged 65 years or older; the comparison group included 65 of consecutively studied patients without MAC.Results. Patients with MAC were older than patients without MAC (72.4±5.4 years vs 70.2±4.3 years; p0.05 and atrial fibrillation (AIR 0.94; 95%CI 0.52-1.56; ?>0.05 was not significantly different in patients with and without MAC. Multivariate analysis adjusted for age and total cholesterol level obtained significant associations of MAC presence with symptomatic atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease (p 0.05. In the group of patients with MAC as compared to patients without MAC echocardiographic evaluation showed higher incidence of mitral regurgitation (AIR 1.51; 95%CI 1.21-1.82; p<0.05, left atrium increased size (AIR 1.68; 95%CI 1.27-2.23; p<0.05, concentric left ventricular hypertrophy (AIR 2.15; 95%CI 1.67-2.75; p<0.05, mitral valve thickening (100.0% vs 30.7%, p <0.001, aortic valve calcification (49% vs 0%, p <0.001, aortic regurgitation 1-2 degree (67.0% vs 13.9%, p <0.001.Conclusion. The study revealed some echocardiographic and clinical features associated with the MAC in elderly patients.

N.S. Chipigina

2011-01-01

265

A clinical score to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use in patients with sore throat  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE: To validate a score based on clinical symptoms and signs for the identification of group A Streptococcus (GAS) infection in general practice patients with score throat. DESIGN: A single throat swab was used as the gold standard for diagnosing GAS infection. Clinical information was recorded by experienced family physicians on standardized encounter forms. Score criteria were identified by means of logistic regression modelling of data from patients enrolled in the first half of the...

Mcisaac, W. J.; White, D.; Tannenbaum, D.; Low, D. E.

1998-01-01

266

Primary myelofibrosis: risk stratification by IPSS identifies patients with poor clinical outcome  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether risk scores used to classify patients with primary myelofibrosis and JAK-2 V617F mutation status can predict clinical outcome. METHODS: A review of clinical and laboratory data from 74 patients with primary myelofibrosis diagnosed between 1992 and 2011. The IPSS and Lille scores were calculated for risk stratification and correlated with overall survival. RESULTS: A V617F JAK2 mutation was detected in 32 cases (47%), with no significant correlation with overall...

Bruno Deltreggia Benites; Carolina Silva Costa Lima; Irene Lorand-Metze; Marcia Torresan Delamain; Gislaine Borba Oliveira; Daiane de Almeida; Carmino Antonio De Souza; Jose Vassallo; Katia Borgia Barbosa Pagnano

2013-01-01

267

Prevalence and epidemiology of HIV type 1 drug resistance among newly diagnosed therapy-naive patients in Belgium from 2003 to 2006  

OpenAIRE

This study is the first prospective study to assess the prevalence, epidemiology, and risk factors of HIV-1 drug resistance in newly diagnosed HIV-infected patients in Belgium. In January 2003 it was initiated as part of the pan-European SPREAD program, and continued thereafter for four inclusion rounds until December 2006. Epidemiological, clinical, and behavioral data were collected using a standardized questionnaire and genotypic resistance testing was done on a sample taken within 6 month...

Vercauteren, J.; Derdelinckx, I.; Sasse, A.; Bogaert, M.; Ceunen, H.; Roo, A.; Wit, S.; Deforche, K.; Echahidi, F.; Fransen, K.; Goffard, J. C.; Goubau, P.; Goudeseune, E.; Yombi, J. C.; Lacor, P.

2008-01-01

268

Clinical diagnosis of hyposalivation in hospitalized patients  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of clinical criteria for the diagnosis of hyposalivation in hospitalized patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A clinical study was carried out on 145 subjects (48 males; 97 females; aged 20 to 90 years). Each subject was clinically examined, in the morning and in the afternoon, along 1 day. A focused anamnesis allowed identifying symptoms of hyposalivation, like xerostomia complaints (considered as a reference symptom), chewing dif...

Soraya de Azambuja Berti-Couto; Paulo Henrique Couto-Souza; Reinhilde Jacobs; Olivia Nackaerts; Izabel Regina Fischer Rubira-Bullen; Fernando Henrique Westphalen; Samuel Jorge Moysés; Sérgio Aparecido Ignácio; Maitê Barroso da Costa; Ana Lúcia Tolazzi

2012-01-01

269

A prospective study of spine fractures diagnosed by total spine computed tomography in high energy trauma patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since it is known to be impossible to identify spinal fractures in high-energy trauma patients the primary trauma evaluation, we have been performing total spine computed tomography (CT) in high-energy trauma cases. We investigated the spinal fractures that it was possible to detect by total spine CT in 179 cases and evaluated the usefulness of total spine CT prospectively. There were 54 (30.2%) spinal fractures among the 179 cases. Six (37.5%) of the 16 cervical spine fractures that were not detected on plain X-ray films were identified by total spine CT. Six (14.0%) of 43 thoracolumbar spine fractures were considered difficult to diagnose based on the clinical findings if total spine CT had not been performed. We therefore concluded that total spine CT is very useful and should be performed during the primary trauma evaluation in high-energy trauma cases. (author)

270

What diagnoses may make patients more seriously ill than they first appear? Mortality according to the Simple Clinical Score Risk Class at the time of admission compared to the observed mortality of different ICD9 codes identified on death or discharge.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

The Simple Clinical Score (SCS) determined at the time of admission places acutely ill general medical patients into one of five risk classes associated with an increasing risk of death within 30 days. The cohort of acute medical patient that the SCS was derived from had, on average, four combinations of 74 groupings of ICD9 codes. This paper reports the ICD9 codes associated with the different SCS risk classes and identifies those ICD9 codes with a greater observed mortality than that of other patients in the same SCS risk class.

Kellett, John

2009-01-01

271

Acute remodeling of an adjoining aneurysm after endovascular treatment of a ruptured splanchnic arterial aneurysm: a case of clinically diagnosed segmental arterial mediolysis.  

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A 61-year-old woman with multiple splanchnic arterial aneurysms (SAAs) was transferred to our hospital in a state of shock. She underwent coil embolization under the diagnosis of ruptured pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm. Follow-up computed tomography performed 2 weeks later showed rapid enlargement of a gastric artery aneurysm, and she underwent an additional embolization. Atherosclerotic, inflammatory or hereditary causes were excluded, and the patient was clinically diagnosed with segmental arterial mediolysis accompanied by multiple SAAs, one of which showed acute remodeling after endovascular treatment. PMID:23641269

Nishikawa, Yoshitaka; Hoshina, Katsuyuki; Sasaki, Hiroki; Hosaka, Akihiro; Yamamoto, Kota; Okamoto, Hiroyuki; Shigematsu, Kunihiro; Miyata, Tetsuro

2012-01-01

272

Introducing Optometry Students to Clinical Patient Care.  

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Describes the innovative content and structure of an introductory course on clinical patient care at the Illinois College of Optometry. Critiques its success based on student grades and feedback, concluding that it was successful in imparting skills of data analysis but had minimal impact on students' ability to empathize with patients. (EV)

Gable, Eileen M.

2001-01-01

273

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for diagnosing Pneumocystis pneumonia in HIV-uninfected immunocompromised patients with pulmonary infiltrates.  

Science.gov (United States)

Loop-mediated isothermal ampli?cation (LAMP) is becoming an established nucleic acid ampli?cation method offering rapid, accurate, and cost-effective diagnosis of infectious diseases. We retrospectively evaluated 78 consecutive HIV-uninfected patients who underwent LAMP method for diagnosing Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP). Diagnosis of PCP was made by the detection of Pneumocystis jirovecii (P. jirovecii) with positive LAMP or conventional staining (CS) (Grocott methenamine silver staining or Diff-Quick™) on the basis of compatible clinical symptoms and radiologic findings. Additionally, we reviewed HIV-uninfected immunocompromised patients who underwent subcontract PCR as a historical control. LAMP was positive in 10 (90.9%) of 11 positive-CS patients. Among 13 negative-CS patients with positive LAMP, 11 (84.6%) had PCP, and the remaining 2 were categorized as having P. jirovecii colonization. LDH levels in negative-CS PCP were higher than in positive-CS PCP (p = 0.026). (1 ? 3)-?-D-glucan levels in negative-CS PCP were lower than in positive-CS PCP (p = 0.011). The interval from symptom onset to diagnosis as PCP in LAMP group (3.45 ± 1.77 days; n = 22) was shorter than in subcontract PCR group (6.90 ± 2.28 days; n = 10; p reducing unnecessary PCP-specific treatment. PMID:25187511

Nakashima, Kei; Aoshima, Masahiro; Ohkuni, Yoshihiro; Hoshino, Eri; Hashimoto, Kohei; Otsuka, Yoshihito

2014-12-01

274

Waiting list paradox: Danish cancer patients diagnosed fast have higher mortality after diagnosis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Delay in the diagnosis of cancer is generally considered unacceptable. However, observational studies often show an inverse association between the length of the diagnostic interval and mortality. Paradoxically, patients diagnosed more rapidly have higher mortality rates than patients with longer wait in the primary and secondary health care sector. AIM: To examine whether the waiting time paradox is manifest in the Danish health care system. MATERIALS & METHODS: The study was based on data on hospital discharge diagnoses for the 2004-2005 period, extracted from population-based healthcare databases in the former County of Aarhus, Denmark. All patients with a first-time diagnosis of breast, skin, lung, prostate, and colorectal cancer were identified and confirmed by each patient’s General Practitioner (GP), who provided a detailed description of the diagnostic pathway. Diagnostic interval was defined as time duration from first presentation of symptom to GP until date of diagnosis. Proportional hazard regression was used to estimate 3-year mortality rate ratios for 15-29 days compared with 0-14, 30-89, and 90+ days of duration, adjusting for gender and age. RESULTS: We identified 1270 cancer patients. Mortality varied across cancer diagnosis. There were no associations between duration and mortality for breast and skin cancer. For lung, prostate, and colorectal cancer a short diagnostic interval (0-14 days) was associated with highest mortality. CONCLUSION: The waiting-time-paradox is manifest in Denmark. We speculate that GPs and hospital doctors are able to distinguish more or less aggressive malignancies and organise the course of referral accordingly.

TØrring, Marie Louise

275

Radiotherapy and prognosis of early esophageal carcinoma diagnosed by endoscopy for 17 patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To study the radiotherapy and prognosis of early esophageal carcinoma diagnosed by endoscopy. Methods: From June 1997 to November 2002, late course accelerated hyperfraction radiotherapy (LCAFR) was used for 17 patients with early esophageal carcinoma diagnosed by endoscopy using Lugol's solution and proved by histopathology. Radiotherapy was: 2.0 Gy/f, 5 times a week, to 30 Gy/ 15f/ 3wk, followed by 1.5 Gy/f bid with an interval > 6 h, to 20-24 Gy/ 14-16f/9-10 days. Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank method were used in the statistical analysis. Results: The overall 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 100%, 86% and 66%. The 5-year survival rates were 100% and 49% (P=0.111) in patients with tumor length measured by endoscopy ?3 cm and > 5 cm. The 5-year survival rates were 100% and 45% (P=0.102) in patients with lesion thickness by CT?5 mm and >5 mm. Conclusions: Routine radiotherapy combined with late course accelerated hyperfraction radiotherapy is effective and applicable in the treatment of early esophageal carcinoma. The length of irradiation field should be decided by endoscopic diagnosis using Lugol's solution. (authors)

276

Variations in Dietary Intake Between Newly Diagnosed Gallstone Patients and Controls  

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Full Text Available To compare dietary intake of newly diagnosed gallstone patients and controls, 56 gallstone patients and 101 randomly selected control subjects without gallstones were enrolled in the study. The presence of gallstones were determined by ultrasonography. Both patients and control subjects completed a questionnaire exploring their dietary intake. Aanthropometric measurements were collected. Blood samples were analyzed for glucose triglycerides, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, Apolipoprotein A-I (Apo A-I and Apolipoprotein B (Apo B. Oral contraceptive usage was significantly higher in gallstone patients than controls. Patients were significantly older than controls and had higher body mass index (BMI, however HDL-cholesterol levels were found significantly higher in controls. Dietary intake including energy, proteins, carbohydrates, refined sugar, sodium, calcium, and iron were significantly higher in patients. Dietary fiber and antioxidant vitamin (vitamin C levels were significantly lower in patients. Dietary interventions that emphasize the prevention effect of some nutrients and the contributory effect of others might provide a method of avoiding the formation of gallstones.

Mohammed A. Alsaif

2005-01-01

277

Spirometer-controlled cine magnetic resonance imaging to diagnose tracheobronchomalacia in pediatric patients  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is defined as an excessive collapse of the intrathoracic trachea. Bronchoscopy is the gold standard to diagnose TBM, but bronchoscopy has major disadvantages, such as general anaesthesia. Cine-CT is a non-invasive alternative to diagnose TBM, but its use in children is restricted by ionizing radiation. Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility of spirometer-controlled cine-MRI as alternative to cine-CT in a retrospective study.12 children (mean 12 years, range 7-17), suspected to have TBM, underwent cine-MRI. Static scans were acquired at end-inspiration and expiration covering the thorax using a 3D SPGR sequence. 3D-Dynamic-scans were performed covering only the central airways. TBM was defined as a decrease of the trachea or bronchi diameter greater than 50% at end-expiration in the static and dynamic scans.The success rate of the cine-MRI protocol was 92%. Cine-MRI was compared with bronchoscopy or chest-CT in 7 subjects. TBM was diagnosed by cine-MRI in 7 out of 12 children (58%)and was confirmed by bronchoscopy or CT. In 4 patients, cine-MRI demonstrated tracheal narrowing that was not present in the static scans.Spirometer-controlled cine-MRI is a promising technique to assess TBM in children and has the potential to replace bronchoscopy.

Ciet, Pierluigi; Wielopolski, Piotr

2014-01-01

278

Phase II Trial of Hypofractionated IMRT With Temozolomide for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Multiforme  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To report toxicity and overall survival (OS) in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) treated with hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy (hypo-IMRT) with concurrent and adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ). Methods and Materials: Patients with newly diagnosed GBM after biopsy or resection and with adequate performance status and organ or bone marrow function were eligible for this study. Patients received postoperative hypo-IMRT to the surgical cavity and residual tumor seen on T1-weighted brain MRI with a 5-mm margin to a total dose of 60 Gy in 10 fractions (6 Gy/fraction) and to the T2 abnormality on T2-weighted MRI with 5-mm margin to 30 Gy in 10 fractions (3 Gy/fraction). Concurrent TMZ was given at 75 mg/m2/day for 28 consecutive days. Adjuvant TMZ was given at 150 to 200 mg/m2/day for 5 days every 28 days. Toxicities were defined using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. Results: Twenty-four patients were treated, consisting of 14 men, 10 women; a median age of 60.5 years old (range, 27–77 years); and a median Karnofsky performance score of 80 (range, 60–90). All patients received hypo-IMRT and concurrent TMZ according to protocol, except for 2 patients who received only 14 days of concurrent TMZ. The median number of adjuvant TMZ cycles was 6.5 (range, 0–14).With a median follow-up of 14.8 months (range, 2.7–34.2 months) for all patients and a minimum follow-up of 20.6 month a minimum follow-up of 20.6 months for living patients, no instances of grade 3 or higher nonhematologic toxicity were observed. The median OS was 16.6 months (range, 4.1–35.9 months). Six patients underwent repeated surgery for suspected tumor recurrence; necrosis was found in 50% to 100% of the resected specimens. Conclusion: In selected GBM patients, 60 Gy hypo-IMRT delivered in 6-Gy fractions over 2 weeks with concurrent and adjuvant TMZ is safe. OS in this small cohort of patients was comparable to that treated with current standard of care therapy.

279

Phase II Trial of Hypofractionated IMRT With Temozolomide for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Multiforme  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: To report toxicity and overall survival (OS) in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) treated with hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy (hypo-IMRT) with concurrent and adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ). Methods and Materials: Patients with newly diagnosed GBM after biopsy or resection and with adequate performance status and organ or bone marrow function were eligible for this study. Patients received postoperative hypo-IMRT to the surgical cavity and residual tumor seen on T1-weighted brain MRI with a 5-mm margin to a total dose of 60 Gy in 10 fractions (6 Gy/fraction) and to the T2 abnormality on T2-weighted MRI with 5-mm margin to 30 Gy in 10 fractions (3 Gy/fraction). Concurrent TMZ was given at 75 mg/m{sup 2}/day for 28 consecutive days. Adjuvant TMZ was given at 150 to 200 mg/m{sup 2}/day for 5 days every 28 days. Toxicities were defined using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. Results: Twenty-four patients were treated, consisting of 14 men, 10 women; a median age of 60.5 years old (range, 27-77 years); and a median Karnofsky performance score of 80 (range, 60-90). All patients received hypo-IMRT and concurrent TMZ according to protocol, except for 2 patients who received only 14 days of concurrent TMZ. The median number of adjuvant TMZ cycles was 6.5 (range, 0-14).With a median follow-up of 14.8 months (range, 2.7-34.2 months) for all patients and a minimum follow-up of 20.6 months for living patients, no instances of grade 3 or higher nonhematologic toxicity were observed. The median OS was 16.6 months (range, 4.1-35.9 months). Six patients underwent repeated surgery for suspected tumor recurrence; necrosis was found in 50% to 100% of the resected specimens. Conclusion: In selected GBM patients, 60 Gy hypo-IMRT delivered in 6-Gy fractions over 2 weeks with concurrent and adjuvant TMZ is safe. OS in this small cohort of patients was comparable to that treated with current standard of care therapy.

Reddy, Krishna [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Damek, Denise [Department of Neurology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Gaspar, Laurie E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Ney, Douglas [Department of Neurology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Waziri, Allen; Lillehei, Kevin [Department of Neurosurgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Stuhr, Kelly; Kavanagh, Brian D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Chen Changhu, E-mail: changhu.chen@ucdenver.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States)

2012-11-01

280

Few differences in cytokines between patients newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes and their healthy siblings  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The cause of the worldwide increase in type 1 diabetes (T1D) is largely unknown. T cells are thought to play a role in disease progression. In contemporary research over the last decade, age- and gender-specific serum levels as well as changes of Th1 and Th2-related cytokines are not well described. From a population-based register of children diagnosed from 1997 to 2005 this study explores eight different cytokines at time of diagnosis. Only TGF-? and IL-18 showed higher levels in patients compared to siblings in an adjusted model (p

Svensson, Jannet; Eising, Stefanie

2012-01-01

281

Placenta analysis of prenatally diagnosed patients reveals early GAG storage in mucopolysaccharidoses II and VI.  

Science.gov (United States)

We analyzed placental tissue in one fetus with MPS II (iduronate sulphatase deficiency) and another with MPS VI (arylsulfatase B deficiency). Both were diagnosed prenatally, but families decided to continue pregnancies and placentas were collected at birth. We were able to demonstrate early storage of GAGs in both diseases by GAG measurement and microscopy analysis. Our results suggest that some alterations related to MPS storage, although not pronounced, may be observed in placental tissue of patients affected by MPS II and MPS VI. PMID:21427013

Baldo, Guilherme; Matte, Ursula; Artigalas, Osvaldo; Schwartz, Ida Vanessa; Burin, Maira Graeff; Ribeiro, Erlane; Horovitz, Dafne; Magalhaes, Tatiana Pacheco; Elleder, Milan; Giugliani, Roberto

2011-06-01

282

The analysis of C9orf72 repeat expansions in a large series of clinically and pathologically diagnosed cases with atypical parkinsonism?  

Science.gov (United States)

A GGGGCC repeat expansion in the C9orf72 gene was recently identified as a major cause of familial and sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia. There is suggestion that these expansions may be a rare cause of parkinsonian disorders such as progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), multiple system atrophy (MSA), and corticobasal degeneration (CBD). Screening the C9orf72 gene in 37 patients with features of corticobasal syndrome (CBS) detected an expansion in 3 patients, confirmed by Southern blotting. In a series of 22 patients with clinically diagnosed PSP, we found 1 patient with an intermediate repeat length. We also screened for the C9orf72 expansion in a large series of neuropathologically confirmed samples with MSA (n = 96), PSP (n = 177), and CBD (n = 18). Patients were found with no more than 22 GGGGCC repeats. Although these results still need to be confirmed in a larger cohort of CBS and/or CBD patients, these data suggest that in the presence of a family history and/or motor neuron disease features, patients with CBS or clinical PSP should be screened for the C9orf72 repeat expansion. In addition, we confirm that the C9orf72 expansions are not associated with pathologically confirmed MSA, PSP, or CBD in a large series of cases. PMID:25308964

Schottlaender, Lucia V.; Polke, James M.; Ling, Helen; MacDoanld, Nicola D.; Tucci, Arianna; Nanji, Tina; Pittman, Alan; de Silva, Rohan; Holton, Janice L.; Revesz, Tamas; Sweeney, Mary G.; Singleton, Andy B.; Lees, Andrew J.; Bhatia, Kailash P.; Houlden, Henry

2015-01-01

283

Clofarabine, Idarubicin, and Cytarabine (CIA) as Frontline Therapy for Patients ?60 Years with Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose To explore the combination of clofarabine, cytarabine, and idarubicin (CIA) in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) 40 years. Compared to historical patients treated with IA combination, the OS and EFS were significantly higher (P = 0.005, 0.0001, respectively) for CIA treated patients. In multivariate analysis, CIA retained its superior impact on OS and EFS compared to IA. Conclusion CIA is an effective combination for patients diagnosed AML. Patients ? 40 years had better OS and EFS. CIA achieved longer OS and EFS compared to IA alone. PMID:23877926

Nazha, Aziz; Ravandi, Farhad; Kantarjian, Hagop; Huang, Xuelin; Choi, Sangbum; Garcia-Manero, Guillermo; Jabbour, Elias; Borthakur, Gautam; Kadia, Tapan; Konopleva, Marina; Cortes, Jorge; Ferrajoli, Alessandra; Kornblau, Steve; Andreeff, Michael; Du, Min; Brandt, Mark; Faderl, Stefan

2014-01-01

284

Exploring the Clinical Utility of the Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA) in the Detection of Hyperkinetic Disorders and Associated Diagnoses in Clinical Practice  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The clinical diagnosis of ADHD is time-consuming and error-prone. Secondary care referral results in long waiting times, but primary care staff may not provide reliable diagnoses. The Development And Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA) is a standardised assessment for common child mental health problems, including attention…

Foreman, David; Morton, Stephanie; Ford, Tamsin

2009-01-01

285

[A case of lyme disease requiring over 1 year to diagnose at an infectious-disease clinic].  

Science.gov (United States)

A 42-year-old woman presenting with years of fever and vague symptoms could not be satisfactorily diagnosed in physical examination or conventional workups. She was presumptively diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome and treated symptomatically. Fourteen months after the initial visit, she developed left facial palsy. Lyme disease serology was positive. Four weeks of oral amoxicillin ameliorated symptoms. Only 5 to 15 cases of Lyme disease are reported annually in Japan, mostly from the northeastern-most island of Hokkaido. It may occur anywhere in Japan, however; probably is underdiagnosed. Lyme disease may cause fevers of unknown origin. Astute clinical suspicion and appropriate workups are thus needed to diagnose this infection. PMID:23484378

Iwata, Kentaro; Shimada, Tomoe; Kawabata, Hiroki

2013-01-01

286

Diagnosis-Specific Prognostic Factors, Indexes, and Treatment Outcomes for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Brain Metastases: A Multi-Institutional Analysis of 4,259 Patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Controversy endures regarding the optimal treatment of patients with brain metastases (BMs). Debate persists, despite many randomized trials, perhaps because BM patients are a heterogeneous population. The purpose of the present study was to identify significant diagnosis-specific prognostic factors and indexes (Diagnosis-Specific Graded Prognostic Assessment [DS-GPA]). Methods and Materials: A retrospective database of 5,067 patients treated for BMs between 1985 and 2007 was generated from 11 institutions. After exclusion of the patients with recurrent BMs or incomplete data, 4,259 patients with newly diagnosed BMs remained eligible for analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses of the prognostic factors and outcomes by primary site and treatment were performed. The significant prognostic factors were determined and used to define the DS-GPA prognostic indexes. The DS-GPA scores were calculated and correlated with the outcomes, stratified by diagnosis and treatment. Results: The significant prognostic factors varied by diagnosis. For non-small-cell lung cancer and small-cell lung cancer, the significant prognostic factors were Karnofsky performance status, age, presence of extracranial metastases, and number of BMs, confirming the original GPA for these diagnoses. For melanoma and renal cell cancer, the significant prognostic factors were Karnofsky performance status and the number of BMs. For breast and gastrointestinal cancer, the only significant progtestinal cancer, the only significant prognostic factor was the Karnofsky performance status. Two new DS-GPA indexes were thus designed for breast/gastrointestinal cancer and melanoma/renal cell carcinoma. The median survival by GPA score, diagnosis, and treatment were determined. Conclusion: The prognostic factors for BM patients varied by diagnosis. The original GPA was confirmed for non-small-cell lung cancer and small-cell lung cancer. New DS-GPA indexes were determined for other histologic types and correlated with the outcome, and statistical separation between the groups was confirmed. These data should be considered in the design of future randomized trials and in clinical decision-making.

287

Alteraciones neuroftalmológicas en pacientes con hipertensión endocraneana idiopática / Neuro-opththalmologic alterations in patients diagnosed with idiopathic endocranial hypertension  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Determinar el comportamiento de las alteraciones neuroftalmológicas en pacientes con hipertensión endocraneana idiopática. MÉTODOS: Estudio prospectivo en 80 pacientes con hipertensión endocraneana idiopática en el Instituto de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer" durante el período 2006-2010 [...] , con énfasis en manifestaciones clínicas, examen físico y evaluación del disco por tomografía de coherencia óptica. RESULTADOS: La hipertensión endocraneana idiopática se presentó en el 61 % de mujeres entre 15 y 40 años. Las manifestaciones clínicas predominantes fueron cefalea, oscurecimientos visuales transitorios y diplopía. El examen físico mostró papiledema en todos los pacientes, afectación campimétrica en 87 % y alteraciones del contraste en 79 %, relacionados con el tiempo de evolución. La tomografía de coherencia óptica fue útil para diagnóstico y seguimiento de los casos estudiados. CONCLUSIONES: La hipertensión endocraneana idiopática produce daño funcional visual irreversible en pacientes diagnosticados tardíamente. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To determine the behavior of neuro-ophthalmologic alterations of this entity. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 80 patients diagnosed with idiopathic endocranial hypertension seen in the "Ramon Pando Ferrer" Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from 2006 to 2020 emphasizing the cl [...] inical manifestations, the physical examination and the assessment of disk by optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: The idiopathic endocranial hypertension was present in the 61 % of women aged between 15 and 40. The predominant clinical manifestations were headache, transient visual darkening and diplopia. The physical examination showed the presence of papilledema in all patients, campimetry affection in the 87 % and contrast alterations in the 79 % related to course time. The optical coherence tomography was useful for diagnosis and follow-up of the study cases. CONCLUSIONS: The idiopathic endocranial hypertension produces a visual functional damage irreversible in patients diagnosed in a late way.

Yannara Elina, Columbié Garbey; Mayttee, Herrera Padrón; Yaimara, Hernández Silva; Odelaisys, Hernández Echavarría; Léster, Pola Alvarado; Rosaralis, Santiesteban Freixas.

2011-06-01

288

An Observational Study on the Association between Migraines and Tension Type Headaches in Patients Diagnosed with Metabolic Syndrome  

OpenAIRE

Background. Our aim was to investigate the association between migraine, tension type headache, and metabolic syndrome. Methods. Presence of tension type headache and migraine was investigated in 120 patients diagnosed as metabolic syndrome. The severity of the headache was recorded according to the visual analog scale. Results. Mean age of the patients was 54.41 ± 11.60 years (range, 29–84?yrs). Diagnoses of tension type headache and migraine without aura were made for 39 (32.5%) and 18...

Eren Gozke; Muge Unal; Hayriye Engin; Nurbanu Gurbuzer

2013-01-01

289

Usefulness of known computed tomography and clinical criteria for diagnosing strangulation in small-bowel obstruction: analysis of true and false interpretation groups in computed tomography.  

Science.gov (United States)

Computed tomography (CT) criteria have proven useful, but not sufficient, for diagnosis of bowel strangulation. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the use of clinical criteria in the interpretation of CT scans as a means of improving the diagnostic accuracy of CT, especially in patients whose CT scans are equivocal for distinguishing simple obstruction from strangulated obstruction. We analyzed the CT scans of 136 patients with simple (n=70) or strangulated (n=66) small-bowel obstruction. Three radiologists interpreted the CT scans independently for the presence of intestinal strangulation. According to their interpretation, 136 patients were divided into two groups, i.e., a false and a true interpretation group. The diagnostic value of known CT and four clinical criteria (tenderness, tachycardia, fever, and leukocytosis) were compared in the two groups. The diagnostic accuracy of CT criteria for distinguishing simple obstructions from strangulated small-bowel obstructions ranged between 73% and 80%. Of the 136 patients, 31 belonged to the false group and 105 to the true group. The CT criteria that were highly specific in both groups included severe mesenteric haziness, serrated beak, and poor bowel wall enhancement. Among the clinical criteria, both tachycardia and leukocytosis were highly specific in both groups. The number of positive clinical criteria was helpful in making a diagnosis; none or one clinical criterion indicated a simple obstruction, whereas three or four criteria indicated a strangulated obstruction; when this result was applied retrospectively to the false group, the CT diagnostic accuracy improved in 19 of the 31 patients. The use of clinical criteria when CT findings are equivocal, may overcome the inherent limitations of CT for diagnosing strangulated small-bowel obstruction. PMID:14648046

Kim, Jung Hoon; Ha, Hyun Kwon; Kim, Jeong Kon; Eun, Hyo Won; Park, Kwang Bo; Kim, Bong Soo; Kim, Tae Kyoung; Kim, Jin Chen; Auh, Yong Ho

2004-01-01

290

Survival benefit from boron neutron capture therapy for the newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: Since 2002-2007, we applied boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) to >50 cases of malignant gliomas (MGs) with epithermal neutron irradiations. Recently, we showed the early radiographical improvement of malignant glioma patients by our modified BNCT, with simultaneous use of BPA (borono-phenylalanine) and BSH (sodium borocaptate). In this time, we focused on the survival benefit from BNCT for the newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients. Methods: BNCT group including 21 newly histological confirmed glioblastoma patients treated with surgical removal followed by BNCT in Osaka Medical College during 2002-2006 period. Ten patients were treated with BNCT only, and in the other 11 patients, 20-30 Gy fractionated external beam X-ray irradiation therapy (XRT) was performed after BNCT. No chemotherapy was administered until tumor progression was observed. Results: Treatments were well tolerated. Any kind of acute systemic or local severe toxicity were not demonstrated. Mean over all survival of the patients treated by BNCT was 20.7 and the median was 15.6 months with 2-years survival of 25%. Stratification by RPA criteria showed 6, 6, 8 and 1 patients, respectively, in classes III-VI. Three patients out of six in class III and one out of eight in class V are alive at the end point of this study. All the patients in classes IV and VI died. Median survival time for the BNCT group compared to the RTOG database was as follows: 20.6 months vs. 17.9 months for class III; 166 months vs. 17.9 months for class III; 16.9 months vs. 11.1 months for class IV; 13.2 months vs. 8.9 months for class V. Conclusion: The RTOG RPA prognostic criteria were helpful in establishing which class of glioma patients could potentially benefit from BNCT. BNCT showed a survival benefit in all of the RPA classes of the RTOG database not only for the good prognosis group.

291

Survival benefit from boron neutron capture therapy for the newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Objective: Since 2002-2007, we applied boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) to >50 cases of malignant gliomas (MGs) with epithermal neutron irradiations. Recently, we showed the early radiographical improvement of malignant glioma patients by our modified BNCT, with simultaneous use of BPA (borono-phenylalanine) and BSH (sodium borocaptate). In this time, we focused on the survival benefit from BNCT for the newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients. Methods: BNCT group including 21 newly histological confirmed glioblastoma patients treated with surgical removal followed by BNCT in Osaka Medical College during 2002-2006 period. Ten patients were treated with BNCT only, and in the other 11 patients, 20-30 Gy fractionated external beam X-ray irradiation therapy (XRT) was performed after BNCT. No chemotherapy was administered until tumor progression was observed. Results: Treatments were well tolerated. Any kind of acute systemic or local severe toxicity were not demonstrated. Mean over all survival of the patients treated by BNCT was 20.7 and the median was 15.6 months with 2-years survival of 25%. Stratification by RPA criteria showed 6, 6, 8 and 1 patients, respectively, in classes III-VI. Three patients out of six in class III and one out of eight in class V are alive at the end point of this study. All the patients in classes IV and VI died. Median survival time for the BNCT group compared to the RTOG database was as follows: 20.6 months vs. 17.9 months for class III; 16.9 months vs. 11.1 months for class IV; 13.2 months vs. 8.9 months for class V. Conclusion: The RTOG RPA prognostic criteria were helpful in establishing which class of glioma patients could potentially benefit from BNCT. BNCT showed a survival benefit in all of the RPA classes of the RTOG database not only for the good prognosis group.

Kawabata, Shinji [Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka Medical College, 2-7 Daigaku-machi, Takatsuki, Osaka (Japan)], E-mail: neu046@poh.osaka-med.ac.jp; Miyatake, Shin-Ichi; Nonoguchi, Naosuke; Hiramatsu, Ry.; Iida, Kyoko; Miyata, Shiro; Yokoyama, Kunio; Doi, Atsushi; Kuroda, Yuzo; Kuroiwa, Toshihiko [Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka Medical College, 2-7 Daigaku-machi, Takatsuki, Osaka (Japan); Michiue, Hiroyuki [Department of Neurosurgery, Okayama University, Okayama (Japan); Kumada, Hiroaki [Research Reactor and Tandem Accelerator, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tohkai (Japan); Kirihata, Mitsunori [Department of Agriculture, Osaka Prefectural University, Sakai (Japan); Imahori, Yoshio [Cancer Intelligence Care Systems, Inc., Minati-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Maruhashi, Akira; Sakurai, Yoshinori; Suzuki, Minoru; Masunaga, Shin-Ichiro; Ono, Koji [Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, Kumatori, Osaka (Japan)

2009-07-15

292

Diagnosing delirium in elderly Thai patients: Utilization of the CAM algorithm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Delirium is a common illness among elderly hospitalized patients. However, under-recognition of the condition by non-psychiatrically trained personnel is prevalent. This study investigated the performance of family physicians when detecting delirum in elderly hospitalized Thai patients using the Thai version of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM algorithm. Methods A Thai version of the CAM algorithm was developed, and three experienced Thai family physicians were trained in its use. The diagnosis of delirium was also carried out by four fully qualified psychiatrists using DSM-IV TR criteria, which can be considered the gold standard. Sixty-six elderly patients were assessed with MMSE Thai 2002, in order to evaluate whether they had dementia upon admission. Within three days of admission, each patient was interviewed separately by a psychiatrist using DSM-IV TR, and a family physician using the Thai version of the CAM algorithm, with both sets of interviewers diagnosing for delirium. Results The CAM algorithm tool, as used by family physicians, demonstrated a sensitivity of 91.9% and a specificity of 100.0%, with a PPV of 100.0% and an NPV of 90.6%. Interrater agreement between the family physicians and the psychiatrists was good (Cohen's Kappa = 0.91, p Conclusions Family physicians performed well when diagnosing delirium in elderly hospitalized Thai patients using the Thai version of the CAM algorithm, showing that this measurement tool is suitable for use by non-psychiatrically trained personnel, being short, quick, and easy to administer. However, proper training on use of the algorithm is required.

Lerttrakarnnon Peerasak

2011-07-01

293

Clinical Features of Bone Complications and Prognostic Value of Bone Lesions Detected by X-ray Skeletal Survey in Previously Untreated Patients with Multiple Myeloma  

OpenAIRE

Multiple myeloma is usually associated with the presence of lytic bone lesions. We reviewed the clinical and laboratory features of patients with newly diagnosed myeloma bone disease and evaluated the prognostic significance of different X-ray image patterns in symptomatic MM patients. We retrospectively reviewed 260 patients with newly diagnosed MM. X-ray image patterns of patients were correlated with hematologic parameters, therapeutic reaction and patient survival. Patients with the X-ray...

Li, Si-dan; Wang, Ya-fei; Qi, Jun-yuan; Qiu, Lu-gui

2010-01-01

294

Sneddon syndrome: rare disease or under diagnosed clinical entity? Review of the literature related to a clinical case.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sneddon syndrome is defined by the association of livedo racemosa and recurrent cerebrovascular ischemic lesions. The annual incidence is 4/1,000,000. This syndrome particularly affects young women, some reports suggesting a family predisposition. It is a chronic, progressive, arterio-occlusive disease of unknown etiology that involves small and medium-sized arteries. It is usually associated with antiphospholipid antibodies. We report the case of a female patient with Sneddon syndrome with significant family history, personal history of stroke, epilepsy, migraine, cardiovascular involvement, three miscarriages, cognitive decline, noncompliant to therapy, in the absence of antiphospholipid antibodies. This paper aims to analyze the main characteristic features and management of Sneddon syndrome by conducting a literature review related to a clinical case. PMID:25341280

Orac, Amalia; Artenie, Anca; Toader, Mihaela Paula; Harnagea, Raluca; Dinu-Mitrofan, Diana; Grigorovici, Mirela; Ungureanu, G

2014-01-01

295

Outcome of Patients with Clinical Doubt of Incompetence Cervix with Normal Endovaginal Sonography Results  

OpenAIRE

Background/Objective: To evaluate patients clinically diagnosed for incompetency of cervix who have normal endovaginal sonography and to determine the possible additional risk if funneling is present."nPatients and Methods: In 200 women with singleton pregnancies who were referred as incompetent cervix patients, measurement of the cervical length by endovaginal sonography was performed. The distance between the internal and external os was measured both as a straight line and also as a c...

Esmaeel Shokrollahi; Mahan Bahrami; Morteza Tahmasebi

2010-01-01

296

MRI in 31 patients with Behçet's disease and neurological involvement: prospective study with clinical correlation.  

OpenAIRE

Thirty one patients with Behçet's disease and neurological manifestations were prospectively studied with MRI. Cerebral venous thrombosis was diagnosed in 10 patients. MRI performed during the acute illness in eight patients showed an abnormally high signal on the T2 weighted sequences in the occluded sinus. MRI showed minor flow abnormalities suggestive of partial recanalisation of the sinus in two cases at a later clinical stage. MRI can be an alternative, non-invasive, investigation to in...

Wechsler, B.; Lsola, B.; Vidailhet, M.; Dormont, D.; Piette, J. C.; Ble?try, O.; Godeau, P.

1993-01-01

297

Bronchial Carcinoid Tumors:Clinical and Radiological Findings in 21 Patients  

OpenAIRE

Background/Objectives: Bronchial carcinoid tumors are neoplasms that range from typical carcinoids to the more aggressive atypical ones with similar imaging features. Considering the low prevalence of the tumor, we reviewed 21 patients. Patients and Methods: In this retrospective observational study, we reviewed the clinical, pathological and imaging findings in 21 patients diagnosed with bronchial carcinoid tumors who were admitted to National Research Insti tute of Tuberculosis and Lung Dis...

Tolou Md, F.; Kaynama, K.; Tahbaz, M. O.; Zahirifard, S.; Bakhshayesh Karam, M.; Jabari Darjani, H.

2005-01-01

298

Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) enhances the clinical responses to interferon-? (IFN) in newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).  

Science.gov (United States)

The majority of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) remain with residual disease. In contrast to TKIs, interferon (IFN) is directly toxic to CML progenitor cells, and myeloid growth factors such as GM-CSF may enhance IFN's cytotoxicity. We performed a phase 2 study of IFN+GM-CSF in 58 newly diagnosed CML patients before imatinib approval. Short-term clinical responses included: 60% major cytogenetic response, 28% complete cytogenetic response and 19% complete molecular response. Six patients remain off all therapy for CML (range: 15 months-12 years) after IFN+GM-CSF treatment. IFN+GM-CSF shows promise as an adjunctive therapy for CML. PMID:25012565

Zeidner, Joshua F; Gladstone, Douglas E; Zahurak, Marianna; Matsui, William H; Gocke, Christopher; Jones, Richard J; Smith, B Douglas

2014-08-01

299

Prolonged survival for patients with newly diagnosed, inoperable glioblastoma with 3-times daily ultrafractionated radiation therapy  

OpenAIRE

Ultrafractionation of radiation therapy is a novel regimen consisting of irradiating tumors several times daily, delivering low doses (<0.75 Gy) at which hyperradiosensitivity occurs. We recently demonstrated the high efficiency of ultrafractionated radiotherapy (RT) on glioma xenografts and report here on a phase II clinical trial to determine the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of an ultrafractionation regimen in patients with newly and inoperable glioblastoma (GBM). Thirty-one patients ...

Beauchesne, Patrick; Bernier, Valerie; Carnin, Charlotte; Taillandier, Luc; Djabri, Mohamed; Martin, Laurent; Michel, Xavier; Maire, Jean-philippe; Khalil, Toufic; Kerr, Christine; Gorlia, Thierry; Stupp, Roger; Pedeux, Remy

2010-01-01

300

Celiac disease diagnosed after uncomplicated pregnancy in a patient with history of bulimia nervosa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. The association between celiac disease and eating disorders has been very rarely reported. This is the first report on celiac disease associated with bulimia in this part of Europe. Case report. An adult female patient with history of bulimia and one uncomplicated pregnancy was admitted to the Gastroenterology Department, due to long lasting dyspeptic symptoms, constipation, major weight loss and fatigue. After positive serological screening, the diagnosis of celiac disease was confirmed with histopathology examination of duodenal biopsy specimen. Conclusion. Complicated interactions between celiac disease and bulimia can make them difficult to diagnose and treat. It is important to consider the presence of celiac disease in patients with bulimia and gastrointestinal symptoms.

Milisavljevi? Nemanja

2013-01-01

301

European clinical network: autism spectrum disorder assessments and patient characterisation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The United Nations and World Health Organisation have identified autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as an important public health issue across global mental health services. Although a range of tools exist to identify and quantify ASD symptoms, there is a lack of information about which ASD measures are used in different services worldwide. This paper presents data from a large survey of measures used for patient characterisation in major ASD research and clinical centres across Europe collected between June 2013 and January 2014. The objective was to map the use of different instruments used to characterise ASD, comorbid psychopathology and cognitive and adaptive ability for patient diagnostic and characterisation purposes across Europe. Sixty-six clinical research sites diagnosing 14,844 patients per year contributed data. The majority of sites use the well-established Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) and the Autism Diagnostic Interview (ADI) instruments, though the proportion of sites in Western Europe using the ADI was almost double the rate in Eastern Europe. Approximately half the sites also used the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) and Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), although use of the SRS was over three times higher in Western Europe compared with Eastern Europe. The use of free/open access measures was lower than commercially available tools across all regions. There are clinical and scientific benefits in encouraging further convergence of clinical characterisation measures across ASD research and clinical centres in Europe to facilitate large-scale data sharing and collaboration, including clinical trials of novel medications and psychological interventions. PMID:25471824

Ashwood, Karen L; Buitelaar, Jan; Murphy, Declan; Spooren, Will; Charman, Tony

2014-12-01

302

Occult very small lung carcinoma with a solitary brain metastasis that is clinically diagnosed as cavernous hemangioma: a case report  

OpenAIRE

The author reports herein a case of occult very small lung carcinoma with a solitary brain metastasis that is clinically diagnosed as cavernous hemangioma, with an emphasis on pathologic findings. A 48-year-old Japanese man was admitted to our hospital complaining of mild paresis of left leg. Brain CT and MRI showed a solitary tumor (2 cm) with features of cavernous hemangioma in the right temporal lobe. Tumorectomy was performed, and it was pathologically undifferentiated carcinoma. An immun...

Terada, Tadashi

2009-01-01

303

Clinical Diagnoses before Age 75 and Men's Survival to Their 85th Birthday: The Manitoba Follow-Up Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: Of all Canadian and American men who live to age 75 years, about half can expect to live to age 85. Our objective is to examine how clinical diagnoses made before age 75 relate to a man's survival to age 85 years. Design and Methods: Since 1948, a cohort of 3,983 young men (mean age of 31 years at entry) has been followed with routine…

Tate, Robert B.; Michaels, Leon; Cuddy, T. Edward; Bayomi, Dennis J.

2013-01-01

304

Carfilzomib, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: a multicenter, phase 2 study.  

Science.gov (United States)

This multicenter, open-label phase 2 trial determined the safety and efficacy of carfilzomib, a novel and irreversible proteasome inhibitor, in combination with cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone (CCyd) in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) ?65 years of age or who were ineligible for autologous stem cell transplantation. Patients (N = 58) received CCyd for up to 9 28-day cycles, followed by maintenance with carfilzomib until progression or intolerance. After a median of 9 CCyd induction cycles (range 1-9), 95% of patients achieved at least a partial response, 71% achieved at least a very good partial response, 49% achieved at least a near complete response, and 20% achieved stringent complete response. After a median follow-up of 18 months, the 2-year progression-free survival and overall survival rates were 76% and 87%, respectively. The most frequent grade 3 to 5 toxicities were neutropenia (20%), anemia (11%), and cardiopulmonary adverse events (7%). Peripheral neuropathy was limited to grades 1 and 2 (9%). Fourteen percent of patients discontinued treatment because of adverse events, and 21% of patients required carfilzomib dose reductions. In summary, results showed high complete response rates and a good safety profile. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01346787. PMID:24855212

Bringhen, Sara; Petrucci, Maria Teresa; Larocca, Alessandra; Conticello, Concetta; Rossi, Davide; Magarotto, Valeria; Musto, Pellegrino; Boccadifuoco, Luana; Offidani, Massimo; Omedé, Paola; Gentilini, Fabiana; Ciccone, Giovannino; Benevolo, Giulia; Genuardi, Mariella; Montefusco, Vittorio; Oliva, Stefania; Caravita, Tommaso; Tacchetti, Paola; Boccadoro, Mario; Sonneveld, Pieter; Palumbo, Antonio

2014-07-01

305

Exacerbation of insulin resistance and postprandial triglyceride response in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients with hypertriglyceridaemia.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study is to examine the differences in insulin resistance and postprandial triglyceride (TG) response between hypertensive patients with or without hypertriglyceridaemia. The study is a comparative cohort study with matching. Thirty-one newly diagnosed hypertensive patients without any medication were recruited from a health survey. The participants were further divided into two groups: those with fasting TG SSPG) (13.16 +/- 1.87 vs 9.76 +/- 3.18 mmol/L). They also had a greater postprandial TG response to the challenge of mixed meal (DeltaAUC 20.76 +/- 10.06 vs 7.97 +/- 3.18 mmol 8 h/L). The postprandial TG response was closely correlated (r = 0.72-0.95, P SSPG. In conclusion, the hypertensive patients with hypertriglyceridaemia were more insulin resistant than those without it. Exacerbation of postprandial hypertriglyceridaemia was identified in these patients. The TG response to the challenge of high fat meal was significantly correlated with fasting TG and insulin resistant in them. The results provide a rationale for the alleviation of insulin resistance and hypertriglyceridaemia in these atherosclerosis-prone hypertensive patients. PMID:12080433

Hwu, C M; Kwok, C F; Kuo, C S; Hsiao, L C; Lee, Y S; Wei, M J; Kao, W Y; Lee, S H; Ho, L T

2002-07-01

306

Rituximab and Dexamethasone vs Dexamethasone Monotherapy in Newly Diagnosed Patients with Primary Immune Thrombocytopenia  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this study, we report the results from the largest cohort to date of newly diagnosed adult immune thrombocytopenia patients randomized to treatment with dexamethasone alone or in combination with rituximab. Eligible were patients with platelet counts ?25×10(9)/L or ?50×10(9)/L with bleeding symptoms. A total of 133 patients were randomly assigned to either dexamethasone 40 mg/day for 4 days (n = 71) or in combination with rituximab 375 mg/m(2) weekly for 4 weeks (n = 62). Patients were allowed supplemental dexamethasone every 1 to 4 weeks for up to 6 cycles. Our primary end point, sustained response (ie, platelets ?50×10(9)/L) at 6 months follow-up, was reached in 58% of patients in the rituximab + dexamethasone group vs 37% in the dexamethasone group (P = .02). The median follow-up time was 922 days. We found longer time to relapse (P = .03) and longer time to rescue treatment (P = .007) in the rituximab + dexamethasone group. There was an increased incidence of grade 3 to 4 adverse events in the rituximab + dexamethasone group (P = .04). In conclusion, rituximab + dexamethasone induced higher response rates and longer time to relapse than dexamethasone alone. This study is registered at http://clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00909077.

Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

2013-01-01

307

Psychosocial covariates of physical activity in recently diagnosed Type 2 diabetes patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background Regular physical activity can be effective not only in preventing diabetes and managing its complications but also be effective in minimizing the risk of developing other chronic diseases among diabetics. The overall aim of study was to determine probable causes of change in physical activity so as to generate evidences for future interventions and to identify psychosocial covariates of self reported physical activity in recently diagnosed Type 2 diabetes cases. Methods Participants n=478 (239 intervention arm and 239 control arm of an observational cohort were randomized into the ADDITION Plus trial and were recruited from 36 practices in East Anglia region. Participants were people recently diagnosed with diabetes (screen detected and clinically diagnosed within the preceding 3 years were individually randomized and were between the age group of 40-69 years, (mean age 59.2 years. The self reported data regarding physical activity was measured at baseline and one year were used. Demographic and psychosocial (treatment control, consequences, anxiety covariates were assessed at the baseline. Linear univariate and multivariable linear regression analysis was used to quantify the associations between demographic and psychosocial correlates. Results: With regard to the psychosocial correlates(except for participants’ perceptions about the consequences of diabetes, no significant associations with physical activity were found. Treatment control and anxiety failed to predict physical activity. Conclusion The result suggests to further investigate the change in physical activity by including other variables related to demography, other psycho-social and environment influences. Based on the available literature, it is suggested that other factors were found consistently associated with physical activity such as self efficacy, attitude, sensation seeking, family-friend social support, goal orientation, motivation could be studied.

Rajesh Nair

2013-03-01

308

Malnutrition and clinical outcome in urological patients  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Introduction In a previous study we evaluated the risk for malnutrition among urological patients in a German university hospital. There are published different studies in other surgical fields that could show a correlation between malnutrition and clinical outcome. As data on this issue is still rare in the urological field we aimed to correlate the risk of malnutrition with different parameters regarding clinical outcome. Methods In the time from 2007...

Karl A; Staehler M; Bauer R; Tritschler S; Hocaoglu Y; Buchner A; Hoffmann J.; Kuppinger D; Stief C; Rittler P

2011-01-01

309

Effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine against clinically diagnosed influenza over 2 consecutive seasons in children in Guangzhou, China  

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Influenza vaccine has to be reformulated each year due to the ever-changing antigenicity of the influenza virus. However, few post-licensure studies of influenza vaccine are available in China. We aimed to measure the effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine during 2 consecutive seasons. Among children in Guangzhou aged 6 to 59 mo in 2010–2012, we matched each child with clinically diagnosed influenza to 3 healthy children. Cases with clinically diagnosed influenza were identified from surveillance system. Healthy controls were randomly sampled from the Children’s Expanded Programmed Immunization Administrative Computerized System. Conditional logistic regression was used to calculate vaccine effectiveness (VE). A total of 275 matched sets of subjects were included. VE levels against clinically diagnosed influenza for both seasons combined was 47.4% [95% confidence interval (CI), 8.5–69.8%] for full vaccination for children aged 6–35 mo, 33.6% (95% CI, 5.4–53.5%) for any vaccination for children aged 6–59 mo, respectively. VE by time since vaccination for any vaccination was 34.6% (95% CI, 4.7–55.2%) in 0–5 mo, and no protection was observed in 6–11 mo. Annual, full and timely vaccination should be encouraged for children. PMID:23733038

He, Qing; Xu, Jianxiong; Chen, Xi; Lu, Jianyun; Li, Kuibiao; Li, Zhaotian; Wang, Ming; Yang, Qiongying; Dong, Zhiqiang; Liu, Xiangyi; Wu, Xuehong; Hu, Wensui; Zhang, Danfeng; Lv, Jiayun; Nie, Jun; Zhu, Wei; Fu, Chuanxi

2013-01-01

310

Evaluation of NANDA nursing diagnoses of healthcare college final year students during the clinical application of the mental health and disease nursing course  

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Full Text Available The aim of this descriptive study was to evaluate the NANDA nursing diagnoses of Pamukkale University Denizli Healthcare College final year students for the patients they undertook the care of and to determine the aims and interventions relevant to these diagnoses.The study universe consisted of all Pamukkale University Denizli Healthcare College final year students who were continuing their education during the 2009-2010 educational year and took the Mental Health and Disease Nursing course (84. The universe was studied before selecting a sample. The internal medicine, surgery, cardiovascular surgery, chest disease, orthopedics-urology, and physical treatment and rehabilitation clinics were chosen for the consultation liaison psychiatry (CLP while the AMATEM Center of the Denizli State Hospital and the Pamukkale University Psychiatry clinics were chosen as the student clinical application areas. The data were collected by evaluating the 136 nursing care plans prepared by the students and the data collection forms the students had used for nursing care during the 2009-2010 autumn semester. The nursing care was evaluated according to the symptom, etiology and problem (SEP format, using the diagnostic list containing the NANDA diagnoses that had previously been provided to the students, and the number and percentage distributions were determined.The patients cared for at the CLP clinics by the students included in the study had been admitted for surgical interventions at a rate of 29.8% and cancer at 28.6% while those in the psychiatry clinics had been admitted for psychosis or alcohol-substance abuse at a rate of 16.7%. The students included in the study had determined 36 nursing diagnoses in 136 cases. The 6 most common diagnoses were infection risk at 34.5%, disturbance of sleep pattern at 33.3%, anxiety at 25.0%, activity intolerance at 20.2%, inadequate personal coping at 16.7% and trauma risk at 13.1% at the CLP clinics, and disturbed sleep pattern at 15.5%, inadequate personal coping at 14.3%, anxiety at 14.3%, changes in family processes at 10.7%, self-care deficit at 10.7% and social interaction disturbance at 10.7% at the psychiatry clinics.The students showed low rates of being able to determine nursing diagnoses according to the SEP format and to plan, administer and evaluate result criteria accordingly. We recommend frequent demonstration of the nursing process via case studies starting from the first year of nursing training, providing a similar interpretation of the nursing process in all main nursing lectures by using a common language, informing the student that the nursing process is not just homework or a way of grading but is the essential tool of nursing care based on scientific foundations.

Gülay Ta?demir

2013-01-01

311

Profile of patients diagnosed with AIDS at age 60 and above in Brazil, from 1980 until June 2009, compared to those diagnosed at age 18 to 59  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to learn more about people diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) at age 60 and above in Brazil, and to compare them with people diagnosed at a younger age. METHODS: This study was based on the analysis of secondary data from the Brazilian AIDS [...] Program. The study population consisted of people diagnosed with AIDS at age 60 and above. The comparison group was comprised of a 20% random sample of people diagnosed at age 18 to 59, frequency-matched by year of diagnosis. RESULTS: 544,846 cases of AIDS were reported in Brazil from 1980 until June 2009. Over 90% of cases were diagnosed between 18 and 59 years of age, and 13,657 (2.5%) at age 60 and above. The first case of AIDS among the elderly was reported in 1984. The comparison group consisted of 101,528 patients. Gender proportion was similar for both groups, and the proportion of people identified with AIDS after death in the Brazilian Mortality Information System (SIM) was 4% higher among the elderly. Both groups were also similar regarding the region of residence; a markedly higher proportion lived in Southeastern Brazil. Older people were more likely to have lower education and to have contracted AIDS by heterosexual contact, and less likely to be intravenous drug users. Male to female ratio among those diagnosed with AIDS at or above age 60 decreased over the years, in the same way as observed for the whole cohort. Mortality was higher among men in both groups. CD4 category (taken closest to the date of AIDS diagnosis) was very similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: The characteristics of the epidemic among the elderly show similarities to the younger group considering gender distribution and CD4 category, but differ regarding educational level and exposure category. Also, the elderly were more likely not to have their AIDS condition promptly diagnosed.

Marise Oliveira, Fonseca; Unaí, Tupinambás; Artur Iuri Alves de, Sousa; Kathy, Baisley; Dirceu Bartolomeu, Greco; Laura, Rodrigues.

2012-12-01

312

Patient and health system delay among new pulmonary tuberculosis patients diagnosed at medical college hospitals in Puducherry, India  

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Full Text Available Background: Early diagnosis of the disease and prompt initiation of treatment are essential for an effective tuberculosis (TB control program. The delay in the diagnosis and treatment may worsen the disease, increases the risk of death and enhances tuberculosis transmission in the community. This study was done to assess the extent of various delays and their determinants among TB patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study including retrospective medical record review and patient interviews was conducted during the year 2010 in and around union territory of Puducherry in India. A structured questionnaire used in the WHO multi-country study to estimate the diagnostic and treatment delay in TB was used to interview the patients. Average estimates and proportions were calculated for continuous and categorical variables respectively. Unadjusted odds ratios (OR were calculated. Level of significance was determined at 95% confidence level (P value <0.05 and all tests applied were two-sided. Results: A total of 138 new sputum smear positive TB patients were included in the study. The mean age of participants was 41.8 years +/- 17.3 years (range 15-87 years. Majority (67.4% of the patients were male and married (68.8%. Majority (86% of the patients were literate. The median patient delay, health system delay and total delay was 36 days, 28.5 days and 81 days respectively. The place of residence (OR = 0.39, 95% CI = 0.18-0.87 and family size (OR = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.21-0.97 were found as the determinants of various delays for TB patients. Conclusion: Patient and health care system delay for TB patients is long. There is need to improve the referral mechanism to ensure an early initiation of treatment for TB patients diagnosed a tertiary care hospitals. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(1.000: 188-193

Murugan Natesan

2015-02-01

313

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension patients firstly visit the ophthalmologic clinical practice  

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Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the features of idiopathic intracranial hypertension(IIHin the patients firstly visit the ophthalmologic clinical practice.METHODS: Six patients with 12 eyes were enrolled in this study. The predisposition, symptom, visual acuity, ocularfundus, visual field, ocular aligment, cerebral magnetic resonance imaging(MRIand magnetic resonance venography(MRV, cerebro-spinal fluid(CSFsuppressor and biochemical analysis were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: The predispositions included catching a cold, anxiety reaction and taking doxycycline orally. The symptom included paroxysmal darkness, blurred vision, diplopia, and headache. The visual acuity remained normal or decreased mildly. The papilledema could be found in the ocular fundus examination. Normal visual field or enlargement of physiology scotoma, paralysis of lateral rectus in ocular aligment, normal cerebral MRI and MRV, and normal CSF biochemical results were the feature of these patients except the increased CSF suppressor between 250 and 300mmH2O.CONCLUSION: The detailed examination of central nerve system is essential for patients firstly visit the ophthalmologic clinical practice withpapilledema and lateral rectus paralysis to diagnose or exclude the possibility of IIH.

Xin-Ling Wang

2013-07-01

314

Determinants of patient participation in clinical studies requiring informed consent: why patients enter a clinical trial.  

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In a survey on 26 clinical trials we have studied the reasons why some patients choose to participate in clinical trials while others decline. Interviews were held with 198 adult patients, just after they had been asked by the trial-clinician to participate. We interviewed patients who were asked to participate in a clinical trial, including those who decided not to participate. The theoretical guidelines to explain participation were based on an extended form of the Health Belief Model. Patients being asked to participate in a clinical trial decide by making a personal balance account. This comprises the physical and emotional added value patients hope to gain from the trial treatment compared to the non-trial treatment, minus the risks they expect in the trial and minus the extra time they expect the trial will take. The extent they feel physically threatened by their illness will also influence their decision. Furthermore, this personal balance account was found to depend on patient opinion about medical care and care-givers in general and on how patients regard their illness. Relatively long-term patients show a slightly different motivation to participate in a clinical trial than short-term patients. In line with the Health Belief Model, motivational beliefs on the relevance to reducing the threat to the patient's health condition ('values') and the evaluations of the clinical trial the patient is approached for ('expectancy'), are relevant in explaining patient behavior. Moreover, specific evaluative frames of reference are relevant in patients faced with the choice to participate or not. Suggestions are made to improve insight into patient motivation during the informed consent procedure of clinical trials. PMID:10026554

Verheggen, F W; Nieman, F; Jonkers, R

1998-10-01

315

Clinical Management of Filovirus-Infected Patients  

OpenAIRE

Filovirus infection presents many unique challenges to patient management. Currently no approved treatments are available, and the recommendations for supportive care are not evidence based. The austere clinical settings in which patients often present and the sporadic and at times explosive nature of filovirus outbreaks have effectively limited the information available to evaluate potential management strategies. This review will summarize the management approaches used in filovirus outbrea...

Clark, Danielle V.; Lawler, James V.; Jahrling, Peter B.

2012-01-01

316

Serum Selenium, Zinc, and Copper in Early Diagnosed Patients with Pemphigus Vulgaris  

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Full Text Available Background: Pemphigus vulgaris is a life threatening, blistering skin disease.It is an autoimmune abnormality.Due to involvement of oral cavity and pharynx,patients are at risk of nutrients deficiency.The aim of this study was to evaluate the status of selenium, copper, and zinc in these patients.Methods:In a case-control study, 43 newly diagnosed pemphigus vulgaris patients were compared with 58 healthy people from 2009 to 2010. The severity of the disease was estimated according to Harman's scores.Serum selenium was measured with atomic absorption but serum zinc and copper concentrations were determined spectrophotometrically. Data were compared with independent t test. Correlations were evaluated by Pearson correlation test.Results: Both groups were the same based on sex, age, and weight and body mass index.The mean duration of disease was 5.6 month. The oral and skin severities were 1.79 and 2.3 respectively, based on Harman's scores. Serum selenium of pemphigus patients was significantly less than that of healthy people (P<0.001.Serum copper was negatively correlated with duration of disease in males (P=0.02, r=-0.5.Conclusions: Pemphigus vulgaris negatively affects on serum selenium, copper and zinc.It seems that serum selenium, copper and zinc decrease as the disease lasts longer.

M Zarei

2012-04-01

317

Natural course of hypogonadism diagnosed during hospitalization in aged male patients.  

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Our aim was to assess short-term natural course of hypogonadism diagnosed during hospitalization for acute disease in aged male patients after discharge. A group of 43 hypogonadal males, aged 86.7 ± 5.7 year, was studied. Serum concentrations of testosterone (T) and gonadotropins (follicle-stimulating hormone, FSH, and luteinizing hormone, LH) were measured in every patient both at admission and one month after discharge. Mean serum T at entry was 115.4 ± 48.0 ng/dl. Hypogonadism was hyper-, hypo-, and normogonadotropic in 20 (46.5 %), 20 (46.5 %), and 3 (7.0 %) patients, respectively. One month after discharge serum T concentrations increased significantly (230.9 ± 135.6 ng/dl, p normal serum T concentrations. Both gonadotropins, FSH (p normalized serum T concentrations also showed normal serum gonadotropin concentrations. Patients who normalized their serum T concentrations one month after discharge showed significantly higher baseline values of T (134.7 ± 33.9 ng/dl) than those who persisted with hypogonadism (n = 16, 32.7 %; 82.8 ± 51.6 ng/dl, p normalize their serum T concentrations one month after discharge. Serum gonadotropin concentrations also increased after discharge. Serum T levels at admission was an independent predictor for the normalization of serum T concentrations. PMID:25205450

Iglesias, P; Prado, F; Muñoz, A; Guerrero, M T; Macías, M C; Ridruejo, E; Tajada, P; García-Arévalo, C; Díez, J J

2014-09-10

318

Laparoscopic adrenalectomy: Our clinical experiences with the first 10 patients  

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Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of this study is to present the resultsof our first ten laparoscopic adrenalectomy cases whichwere performed in our clinic.Materials and methods: Between December 2010 andSeptember 2012 the standard transperitoneal laparoscopicadrenalectomy was performed on 10 patients.Data of patients such as age, weight, height, operationtime, hospitalization time, complications, size of adrenalmass and pathological diagnosis were retrospectively reviewedand recorded from the hospital records.Results: Three of ten patients were male and seven ofthem were female. The mean age of the patients was42.12±11.4 (21-55 years. Mean operation time was recordedas 136±23.6 (100-190 min. Mean tumor size was7.1±2.7 (5-12 cm. None of the patients required bloodtransfusion. Mean hospital stay was 2.3±1.2 (2-6 days.Pathological diagnoses of masses were pheocromacytomain two patients, adrenal adenoma in six, myelolipomain one and pseudocist in one.Conclusions: According to our experience with the limitednumber of the first ten cases, transperitoneal laparoscopicadrenalectomy is a safe and effective treatmentmodality, associated with minimal morbidity. To obtainmore reliable information larger series with long-term resultsof laparoscopic adrenalectomy is needed.Key words: Laparoscopy, adrenalectomy, experience,transperitoneal

Alparslan Kemal Tuzcu

2012-12-01

319

[Clinical study of 62 patients with symptoms of male climacterium].  

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We prospectively reviewed the records of 62 patients who had sought evaluation at our hospital with a chief complaint of male climacteric symptoms. Late-onset hypogonadism (LOH)-related symptoms were evaluated during the initial visit based on the Aging Males' Symptoms (AMS) score, International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) -5 score, and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Laboratory and endocrinologic testing, including the free testosterone (FT) level, was performed with blood samples collected before 10 : 00 am. The AMS psychological and CES-D scores in patients with a FT ?8.5 pg/ml were significantly higher than those in patients with a FT ?8.5 pg/ml. The study included 32 patients who were diagnosed with LOH (FT ?8.5 pg/ml) and treated with androgen replacement therapy (ART). The total, somatic, psychological, and sexual scores of the AMS were significantly decreased after the third intramuscular administration of testosterone enanthate; there were no serious complications. Because a significant proportion of depressed patients may be amongst the patients with aging male's symptoms, it is important to consider depression in the exclusion diagnosis during a clinical examination for LOH. PMID:23995524

Hori, Yasuhide; Nishii, Masahiko; Masui, Satoru; Yoshio, Yuko; Hasegawa, Yoshihiro; Kanda, Hideki; Yamada, Yasushi; Arima, Kiminobu; Sugimura, Yoshiki

2013-08-01

320

Poor Clinical Outcomes among Pneumonia Patients with Depressive Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Some studies suggested that psychological stress may be associated with the severity and duration of infectious diseases. In this population-based study, we investigated associations between depressive disorder (DD) and pneumonia outcomes in Taiwan with a large-scale database from the National Health Insurance. Methods Our study defined 112,198 patients who were hospitalized with a principal diagnosis of pneumonia. We defined their admission date for treatment of pneumonia as the index date. Subsequently, we selected 2,394 patients with DD within 3 years prior to their index date and 11,970 matched patients without DD. We carried out separate conditional logistic regressions to explore the association of clinical pneumonia treatment outcome (ICU admission, use of mechanical ventilation, acute respiratory failure and in-hospital death) with previously diagnosed DD. Results Patients with DD had a significantly higher probability of an intensive care unit admission (18.1% vs. 12.9%; pCharlson Comorbidity Index score. Conclusions In conclusion, we found that pneumonia patients with DD were associated with poor treatment outcomes compared to patients without DD. PMID:25551389

Kao, Li-Ting; Liu, Shih-Ping; Lin, Herng-Ching; Tsai, Ming-Chieh

2014-01-01

321

Dermatology Quality of Life Impairments among Newly Diagnosed HIV/AIDS-Infected Patients in the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (Uith), Ilorin, Nigeria.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study sought to describe the quality-of-life impairments in newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS-infected adult patients with cutaneous lesions. This was a hospital-based, cross-sectional, descriptive study of 160 newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS-infected adult patients attending the HIV/AIDS clinic of University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH). Systemic random sampling technique was used in recruiting respondents for the study. The Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) was used to gauge the quality-of-life impairments. The study showed high prevalence of cutaneous lesions in HIV/AIDS-infected patients. Majority of the respondents (83.7%) scored more than 10 in DLQI score. This signifies that the skin lesions had large negative effects on their quality of life. The assessment of the impact of dermatoses on patients' quality of life is important for clinical management. It is pertinent to detect patients at higher risk of experiencing worse quality of life in order to treat them holistically. PMID:23771869

Shittu, R O; Odeigah, L O; Mahmoud, Abdulraheem O; Sani, M A; Bolarinwa, O A

2013-06-14

322

[Therapy helps -- psychosocial support for patients diagnosed with breast cancer, reducing anxiety and depression].  

Science.gov (United States)

The results of epidemiological researches are alarming. It is anticipated that in the next few decades the number of patients suffering from malignant tumours will double. Caring for patients with cancer sets a serious challenge to the health services - not only to the oncology specialists, but among the others also to the psychiatrists and the psychologists. The diagnosis of cancer commonly pushes the patient into a depressed, hopeless and anxious emotional state that can persist for years after the diagnosis causing serious damage - a decline in the health-related quality of life, it narrows life opportunities, it makes coping and cooperating more difficult, and it predicts the progression of the disease and mortality. Treating these is crucial. Results published in related literature prove the positive effects of psychosocial interventions (a wide range of psychological and psychosocial support of the patients) on emotional distress. The most commonly applied interventions are the supportive-expressive therapies and cognitive methods. Recently a new trend started unfolding where the patients, as their complementary care instead of having single interventions they are offered complex programmes - psychotherapy, exercise, diet, education, etc. are all applied together, amplifying the synergic effects of the components. Our research is aimed to assess the results of a complex programme in decreasing emotional distress in women diagnosed with primer breast cancer (n=173, experimental group n=86, of whom 34 participated the programme, control group n=87) short term (at the end of the 15 week long programme) and longitudinally (15 months after the end of programme). The results are very promising: there were significant improvements in patients, a decrease in depression (Beck), as well as in anxiety (STAI), and some aspects of positive effects showed long-lasting. PMID:24443579

Kovács, Zsuzsanna; Szabó, Csaba; Fülöp, Emöke

2013-01-01

323

Clinical Management of Filovirus-Infected Patients  

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Full Text Available Filovirus infection presents many unique challenges to patient management. Currently no approved treatments are available, and the recommendations for supportive care are not evidence based. The austere clinical settings in which patients often present and the sporadic and at times explosive nature of filovirus outbreaks have effectively limited the information available to evaluate potential management strategies. This review will summarize the management approaches used in filovirus outbreaks and provide recommendations for collecting the information necessary for evaluating and potentially improving patient outcomes in the future.

Danielle V. Clark

2012-09-01

324

Clinical evaluation of 413 Thalassemic patients  

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Full Text Available Thalassemia is the most prevalent genetic disorder in Iran and around the world and these patients need regular careful care. The present study reports results of routine examination of patients visited Thalassemia clinic of Tehran. Data about clinical and laboratory examinations of 413 Thalassemic were extracted and analyzed. The prevalence of heart complications, diabetes, growth retardation, delayed puberty and primary and secondary amenorrhea was 9%, 8%, 21.3%, 3.1% and 6.3%, respectively. 44% didn't have secondary sex characteristics. Splenectomy had been done for 67.2% of cases. HBsAg, HBsAb and HBcAb were positive in 1.9%, 57.4% and 43%, respectively. We concluded that blood transfusion standards in this clinic was acceptable, whereas because of poor knowledge, iron chelating is unfavorable.

Korosdari Gh.H

2000-08-01

325

Clinical diagnosis of hyposalivation in hospitalized patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of clinical criteria for the diagnosis of hyposalivation in hospitalized patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A clinical study was carried out on 145 subjects (48 males; 97 females; aged 20 to 90 years). Each subject was clinically examin [...] ed, in the morning and in the afternoon, along 1 day. A focused anamnesis allowed identifying symptoms of hyposalivation, like xerostomia complaints (considered as a reference symptom), chewing difficulty, dysphagia and increased frequency of liquid intake. Afterwards, dryness of the mucosa of the cheecks and floor of the mouth, as well as salivary secretion during parotid gland stimulation were assessed during oral examination. RESULTS: Results obtained with Chi-square tests showed that 71 patients (48.9%) presented xerostomia complaints, with a significant correlation with all hyposalivation symptoms (p

Soraya de Azambuja, Berti-Couto; Paulo Henrique, Couto-Souza; Reinhilde, Jacobs; Olivia, Nackaerts; Izabel Regina Fischer, Rubira-Bullen; Fernando Henrique, Westphalen; Samuel Jorge, Moysés; Sérgio Aparecido, Ignácio; Maitê Barroso da, Costa; Ana Lúcia, Tolazzi.

2012-04-01

326

Evaluation of Dream Content Among Patients with Schizophrenia, their Siblings, Patients with Psychiatric Diagnoses Other than Schizophrenia, and Healthy Control  

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Full Text Available Objective: Schizophrenia is a chronic psychotic disorder with unknown etiology that causes cognitive impairment, affecting thinking, behavior, social function, sleep and dream content. This study considered the dream content of patients with schizophrenia, siblings of patients with schizophrenia, patients with psychiatric diagnoses other than schizophrenia, and a group of healthy controls. The aim of this study was to compare the dream content of patients with schizophrenia with dream content of individuals with other mental disorders, first degree relatives of patients with schizophrenia, and community controls . Method: Seventy-two patients were selected and placed in 4 groups. The first group consisted of 18 inpatients with schizophrenia whose medications were stable for at least four weeks; the second group consisted of 16 nonpsychotic mentally ill inpatients; the third group consisted of 18 individuals who were siblings of patients with schizophrenia; and the fourth group consisted of 20 healthy individuals in the community with no family history of mental or somatic disorders. The four groups were matched by age and gender. A 14-item dream content questionnaire was administered for all the participants, and the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS was also administered for the two groups of hospitalized patients . Results: Results showed that there were significant differences in dream content among groups included friends acquaintances, females and colorful components. No significant differences were found between the positive and negative subscales of PANSS and any of the dream questionnaire subscales. Conclusion: Our results suggest that there were a few changes in the dream content of the patients with schizophrenia compare to other groups.

Leeba Rezaie

2012-04-01

327

Medical Yoga for Patients with Stress-Related Symptoms and Diagnoses in Primary Health Care: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

OpenAIRE

An increasing number of patients are suffering from stress-related symptoms and diagnoses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the medical yoga treatment in patients with stress-related symptoms and diagnoses in primary health care. A randomized controlled study was performed at a primary health care centre in Sweden from March to June, 2011. Patients were randomly allocated to a control group receiving standard care or a yoga group treated with medical yoga for 1 hour, once a week, ove...

Amp Xf Hn, Monica K.; Ulla Persson Lundholm; Ing-Liss Bryngelsson; Agneta Anderzén-Carlsson; Elisabeth Westerdahl

2013-01-01

328

Program to Diagnose Probability of Aspiration Pneumonia in Patients with Ischemic Stroke  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Introduction Stroke is a major cause of death and disability worldwide, with a strong economic and social impact. Approximately 40% of patients show motor, language, and swallowing disorders after stroke. Objective To evaluate the use of software to infer the probability of pneumonia in patients [...] with ischemic stroke. Methods Prospective and cross-sectional study conducted in a university hospital from March 2010 to August 2012. After confirmation of ischemic stroke by computed axial tomography, a clinical and flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing was performed within 72 hours of onset of symptoms. All patients received speech therapy poststroke, and the data were subsequently analyzed by the software. The patients were given medical treatment and speech therapy for 3 months. Results The study examined 52 patients with a mean age of 62.05 ± 13.88 years, with 23 (44.2%) women. Of the 52 patients, only 3 (5.7%) had a probability of pneumonia between 80 and 100% as identified by the software. Of all patients, 32 (61.7%) had pneumonia probability between 0 and 19%, 5 (9.5%) between 20 and 49%, 3 (5.8%) between 50 and 79%, and 12 (23.0%) between 80 and 100%. Conclusion The computer program indicates the probability of patient having aspiration pneumonia after ischemic stroke.

Gisele, Pinto; Viviane, Zétola; Marcos, Lange; Guilherme, Gomes; Maria Cristina, Nunes; Gisela, Hirata; Hellen Nataly, Lagos-Guimarães.

2014-09-01

329

Clinical Features of Patients with Pemphigus Admitted To Dermatology Department of University Hospital in Diyarbak?r  

OpenAIRE

Pemphigus is a rare, chronic and life-threating autoimmune disease. The clinical picture varies in reports from different regions of the world. Our purpose was to define the clinical features of the patients with pemphigus treated and followed in the Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Dicle. Medical records of 52 patients with pemphigus, diagnosed at our clinic, from July 1994 to January 2004, were analysed retrospectively. The mean age at onset of the disease was 4...

Mehmet Harman; Sezer Çiçekli Turgutalp

2007-01-01

330

Urinary markers of nucleic acid oxidation and long-term mortality of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

OBJECTIVE: We analyzed data from a cohort of 1,381 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients to test the hypothesis that urinary markers of nucleic acid oxidation are independent predictors of mortality. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We examined the relationship between urinary excretion of markers of DNA oxidation (8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine [8-oxodG]) and RNA oxidation (8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine [8-oxoGuo]) and long-term mortality using Cox proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: After multivariate adjustment, the hazard ratios for all-cause and diabetes-related mortality of patients with 8-oxoGuo levels in the highest quartile compared with those in the lowest quartile were 1.44 (1.12-1.85) and 1.54 (1.13-2.10), respectively. Conversely, no significant associations between 8-oxodG and mortality were found in the adjusted analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Urinary excretion of the RNA oxidation marker 8-oxoGuo measured shortly after diagnosis of type 2 diabetes predicts long-term mortality independently of conventional risk factors. This finding suggests that 8-oxoGuo could serve as a new clinical biomarker in diabetes

Broedbaek, K.; Siersma, Volkert Dirk

2011-01-01

331

Doses of ionising radiation received by patients diagnosed at the Nuclear Medicine Department in Warsaw from 1985 to 1999  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to evaluate the radiological risk incurred by patients diagnosed at the Department of Nuclear Medicine (DNM), Central Clinical Hospital of the Military University Medical School in Warsaw, the collective committed effective dose equivalents (CCEDE) and the mean personal effective dose equivalents (MPEDE) were calculated for the subsequent years of the period from 1985 to 1999 and compared to the respective values obtained for the mid-1970s. The results indicate that although the number of patients and the total radioactivities used in the diagnostic assays at the DNM increased more than 2.5-fold in the second half of the 1980s and in the 1990s, as compared to the years 1975-1976, the MPEDEs calculated for the periods from 1985 to 1989 and from 1990 to 1994 were similar to and two-fold lower, respectively, than those obtained for the years 1975-1976. However, in the second half of the 1990s, these doses rose again and in 1999 they were almost three times as high as in the mid-1970s. This latter observation results from the increased contribution to CCEDE of the doses from the diagnostic use of I-131 which equalled to 88% in 1975, dropped to 20% in 1994, and again rose to 90% of the total dose in 1999. In fact, beginning from 1995, a new whole-body I-131-based screening procedure was introduced for the detection of thyroid cancer metastases. (author)

332

A study of pulmonary embolism after hospitalization in patients undergoing prophylaxis: retsospective clinical trial  

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Full Text Available Objective: Venous tromboembolism (VTE is a very important cause of morbidity and mortality in clinics. Despite the improvement in the diagnosis and management, there is not a consensus reached on the prophylaxis of the VTE. The aim of this study is to investigate the patients who were hospitalizated and diagnosed with pulmonary embolism (PE according to age, gender, the incidence among clinics, hospital stay, optimal prophylaxis time and risk factors of VTE. Material and Methods: From January 2007 to February 2008, 124 patients diagnosed with pulmonary embolism were included into our study. The patients were assessed according to the criteria mentioned above. Results: Patients’ mean age was 48(36-80, 84 of whom were women and 40 were men. The incidence among clinics was as follows; general surgery 18 (14.5%, orthopedics 37 (29.8%, internal medicine 19 (15.4% and oncology 50 (40.3%. There was not any significant difference between age, gender and hospital stay. 30 (24.1% out of 124 patients clearly had pulmonary embolism. When these 30 patients were examined, 24 (80% of them were recognized as not having had prophylaxis. Conclusion: As seen in our study, most of the patients applying to hospitals diagnosed with PE had not been given suitable prophylaxis. Therefore, we think that VTE prophylaxis is as important as the VTE diagnosis and treatment.

Bora Koç

2011-01-01

333

Risk factors of breast cancer in patients diagnosed at the Julio Trigo hospital  

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A retrospective descriptive study was carried out with the objective of identifying some risk factors of breast cancer in patients diagnosed in the hospital Julio Trigo Lopez from 2007 to 2008. Of a universe of 54 patients, it was selected a sample of 31 patients (57,4%) who were those that gave their consent to be interviewed at the time that lasted the investigation (6 months). The 90,3% of the cases corresponded to infiltrating ductal carcinoma type. The age group more affected was 60-69 years and the white race; 41,9% presented personal antecedents of breast nodule, whereas the familiar antecedent of breast cancer was not significant. The 61,3% presented menarche after 12 years old, and the greater percent appeared to the childbirth before 24 years old. The 40,7% did not only offer maternal lactation; 87,1% had one or more children and 58,6% presented the menopause after the 50 years old. There was not risk exposure at the workplaces. The conjunction of several risk factors can favor the appearance of breast cancer, but the absence of demonstrable risk factors does not exclude the possibility of suffering the disease

334

Serum Calcium Levels in Newly-diagnosed Patients with Tuberculosis in Hamedan (West of Iran  

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Full Text Available To investigate the incidence of hypercalcemia in TB patients and to assess its relationship with TB, a study was conducted in Infectious Diseases Division of Sina Hospital in Hamedan province (west of Iran. During an 18-month period, 65 patients with newly-diagnosed TB (30 males and 35 females, were prospectively evaluated who aged between 15 and 84 years (mean 53.3 years. Age- and sex-matched subjects (82 with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (27 males and 55 females, aged between 16 and 85 (mean 53.5 years was selected as a control group. Serum calcium, phosphorus, total protein, albumin and alkaline phosphatase were measured in all subjects. No significant difference was found between the mean albumin-adjusted calcium levels in the TB group (8.79±1.53 mg dL-1 and the control group (8.57±1.12 mg dL-1. Hypercalcemia was found in 11 (16.9 % of TB patients and 6 (7.3 % of controls (?2 = 3.27, p = 0.07, non significant. This study revealed that there is non significant difference association between hypercalcemia and tuberculosis.

Seyyed Hamid Hashemi

2005-01-01

335

Clinical Significances of 99mTc-DMSA Renal Scan in Patients with Acute Pyelonephritis  

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Patients with acute pyleonephritis may present with a spectrum of clinical symptoms and signs. There are few noninvasive diagnostic studies, however to confirm or exclude this diagnosis. To evaluate the clinical utility of 99mTc-DMSA renal scan in diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis, we performed 99mTc-DMSA renal scan in 37 patients suspected with urinary tract infection. Simultaneously kidney ultrasonography was done in 21 patients diagnosed with acute pyelonephritis, clinically. And we performed the followup scan after treatment in two to six weeks. The results were as follows. 1) 99mTc-DMSA renal scan disclosed single of multiple cortical defects and decreased radiouptake ratio of affected kidney in 23 patients among 25 patients diagnosed with acute pyleonephritis. 2) In the 21 patients with acute pyelonephritis, kidney ultrasonography showed abnormal findings in the 7 patients. And 99mTc-DMSA renal scan disclosed abnormal cortical defects in this 7 patients also. 3) Between the patients with acute pyelonephritis and those with lower urinary tract infection, asymptomatic bacteriuria or pyuria, right-to-left radiouptake ratios (R/L ratio ) were significantly different(p99mTc-DMSA renal scan for 5 patients among 25 acute pyelonephritis patients. And we have found the improvement of cortical defects and the right-to-left radiouptake raticts and the right-to-left radiouptake ratio. In conclusion, we thought that 99mTc-DMSA renal scan should be useful in diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis and follow up examination.

336

Tobacco use prevalence, knowledge, and attitudes among newly diagnosed tuberculosis patients in Penang State and Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background There is sufficient evidence to conclude that tobacco smoking is strongly linked to tuberculosis (TB and a large proportion of TB patients may be active smokers. In addition, a previous analysis has suggested that a considerable proportion of the global burden of TB may be attributable to smoking. However, there is paucity of information on the prevalence of tobacco smoking among TB patients in Malaysia. Moreover, the tobacco-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of TB patients who are smokers have not been previously explored. This study aimed to document the prevalence of smoking among newly diagnosed TB patients and to learn about the tobacco use knowledge and attitudes of those who are smokers among this population. Methods Data were generated on prevalence rates of smoking among newly diagnosed TB patients in the State of Penang from January 2008 to December 2008. The data were obtained based on a review of routinely collated data from the quarterly report on TB case registration. The study setting comprised of five healthcare facilities (TB clinics located within Penang and Wilayah Persekutuan, Kuala Lumpur health districts in Malaysia, which were involved in a larger project, known as SCIDOTS Project. A 58-item questionnaire was used to assess the tobacco use knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of those TB patients who were smokers. Results Smoking status was determinant in 817 of 943 new cases of TB from January to December 2008. Of this, it was estimated that the prevalence rates of current- and ex-smoking among the TB patients were 40.27% (329/817 and 13.95% (114/817, respectively. The prevalence of ever-smoking among patients with TB was estimated to be 54,220 per 100,000 population. Of 120 eligible participants for the SCIDOTS Project, 88 responded to the survey (73.3% response rate and 80 surveys were analyzed (66.7% usable rate. The mean (± SD total score of tobacco use knowledge items was 4.23 ± 2.66 (maximum possible score=11. More than half of the participants (51.3% were moderately dependent to nicotine. A moderately large proportion of the respondents (41.2% reported that they have ever attempted to quit smoking, while more than half (56.3% have not. Less than half (47.5% of the study participants had knowledge about the body system on which cigarette smoking has the greatest negative effect. The majority wrongly believed that smokeless tobacco can increase athletic performance (60% and that it is a safe and harmless product (46.2%. An overwhelming proportion (>80% of the patients believed that: smoking is a waste of money, tobacco use is very dangerous to health, and that smokers are more likely to die from heart disease when compared with non-smokers. The use of smokeless tobacco was moderately prevalent among the participants with 28.8% reporting ever snuffed, but the use of cigar and pipe was uncommon. Conclusion Smoking prevalence rate is high among patients with TB in Malaysia. These patients generally had deficiencies in knowledge of tobacco use and its health dangers, but had positive attitudes against tobacco use. Efforts should be geared towards reducing tobacco use among this population due to its negative impact on TB treatment outcomes.

Mohamad Noordin Noorliza

2010-01-01

337

A series of patients in the emergency department diagnosed with copper poisoning: recognition equals treatment.  

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Only scarce data are available on chronic copper poisoning in general toxicology literature. This paper reports four patients with chronic copper poisoning and one patient with acute poisoning. The cases with chronic poisoning in our study consisted of four members of a farmer family presenting to the emergency department (ED) with malaise, weakness, abdominal pain, headache, dizziness, tightness in the chest, leg and back pain, accompanied by significant anemia (hemoglobin [Hb]: 8.7 - 9.5 g/dl). They were hospitalized and investigated thoroughly, although there were no other findings or clues enlightening the etiology of anemia. The anemia was attributed to chronic copper exposure acquired from vegetables containing copper. The diagnosis was established by ruling out other possible etiologies and history coupled with laboratory findings. The patients were discharged with the recommendation on diet to avoid consumption of pesticide-treated vegetables. Their Hb values were between 10 and 11.4 g/dl on the 15th day, and between 12 and 14 g/dl after two months. Their symptoms had also resolved completely in two months. The patient with acute intoxication (5th case) had ingested copper oxychloride with suicidal intent. He was admitted with anuria and hemolytic anemia. After being hospitalized for fifteen days, he was diagnosed with chronic renal failure and was scheduled for a dialysis program. Acute poisoning is more deliberate, while chronic exposure may result in atypical findings. In conclusion, physicians working in primary care and EDs should consider copper poisoning in patients presenting with anemia, abdominal pain, headache, tightness in the chest, and leg and back pain. PMID:16778371

Gunay, Nurullah; Yildirim, Cuma; Karcioglu, Ozgur; Gunay, Nahide Ekici; Yilmaz, Mehmet; Usalan, Celalettin; Kose, Ataman; Togun, Ismail

2006-07-01

338

Clinical and diagnostic characteristics of patients with suspected polyneuropathy  

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Full Text Available Objective: to study the causes and clinical manifestations of disease in children referred for hospitalization in children infectious diseases hospital in Saratov with a diagnosis of «acute flaccid paralysis». Material and methods: 157 children with the diagnosis on admission of the guide «acute flaccid paralysis». Conducted clinical examination and laboratory tests included a general analysis of cerebrospinal fluid, urine, virological examination of nasal swabs and faeces, with the definition of a serological ELISA method and RPHA immunoglobulins to influenza, rubella, and enterovirus, immunological study of blood, cerebrospinal fluid PCR, electromyography of the affected limbs. Results. 77 patients (49% with the disease associated with the violation of the musculoskeletal system were registered. In the other cases revealed polyneuropathy was not of poliovirus etiology. Etiological nature of the disease could be explained by 54% of patients. In 37 (46% patients the diagnosis was formulated in accordance with the severity of paralysis. One child was diagnosed with a vaccine-associated poliomyelitis. Conclusion. The diagnosis of «acute flaccid paralysis» used as administered requires a detailed interpretation in a hospital.

Mikhailova ?.V.

2013-09-01

339

The Clinical Analysis of Childhood Henoch-Schönlein Purpura Patients  

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Full Text Available Background and Design: Henoch-Schonlein purpura is affected often the skin, joints, gastrointestinal tract and kidneys and common systemic vasculitis of childhood. Henoch-Schonlein purpura are many and varied symptoms, also it was followed in children policlinics and hospitalized diseases for an important role. We aimed to determination of the patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura by examination of their clinical analyses. Material and Method: The medical records of 212 patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura in our polyclinics have been retrospectively studied. These patients were analyzed age groups, diagnosed seasons, held systems, laboratory findings, the treatments, complications and prognosis. SPSS 13 statistical software package was used for data analysis. Results: The mean age of the patients was 9.33±3.20 years. The disease was more frequently demonstrated in fall and winter seasons. There was no statistically assosiation between age groups with season, joint involvement, central nerveous system involvement, gastrointestinal system involvement and scrotal involvement but there was a positive correlation between age groups and renal involvement. Conclusion: The treatment duration increases with the age of the patient and the necessity to use a combined treatment (antihistaminic, non-steroid anti-inflammatory treatment and steroids increases.

Cihangir Akgün

2012-06-01

340

Acute bacterial prostatitis: heterogeneity in diagnostic criteria and management. Retrospective multicentric analysis of 371 patients diagnosed with acute prostatitis  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background There is currently a lack of consensus for the diagnosis, investigations and treatments of acute bacterial prostatitis (AP. Methods The symptoms, investigations and treatments of 371 inpatients diagnosed with AP were analyzed through a retrospective study conducted in four departments – Urology (U, Infectious Diseases (ID, Internal Medicine (IM, Geriatrics (G – of two French university hospitals. Results The cause of admission, symptoms, investigations and treatments depended markedly on the department of admission but not on the hospital. In U, patients commonly presented with a bladder outlet obstruction, they had a large imaging and functional check-up, and received alpha-blockers and anti-inflammatory drugs. In ID, patients were febrile and received longer and more appropriate antibiotic treatments. In G, patients presented with cognitive disorders and commonly had post-void urine volume measurements. In IM, patients presented with a wide range of symptoms, and had very diverse investigations and antibiotic regimen. Overall, a 3:1 ratio of community-acquired AP (CA-AP to nosocomial AP (N-AP was observed. Urine culture isolated mainly E. coli (58% of AP, 68% of CA-AP, with venereal agents constituting less than 1%. The probabilistic antibiotic treatments were similar for N-AP and CA-AP (58% bi-therapy; 63% fluoroquinolone-based regimen. For N-AP, these treatments were more likely to be inadequate (42% vs. 8%, p vs. 19%, p Clinical failure at follow-up was more common than bacteriological failure (75% versus 24%, p Conclusion This study highlights the difficulties encountered on a daily basis by the physicians regarding the diagnosis and management of acute prostatitis.

Doucet Jean

2008-01-01

341

Pathogen-Specific Local Immune Fingerprints Diagnose Bacterial Infection in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients  

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Accurate and timely diagnosis of bacterial infection is crucial for effective and targeted treatment, yet routine microbiological identification is inefficient and often delayed to an extent that makes it clinically unhelpful. The immune system is capable of a rapid, sensitive and specific detection of a broad spectrum of microbes, which has been optimized over millions of years of evolution. A patient's early immune response is therefore likely to provide far better insight into the true nat...

Lin, Chan-yu; Roberts, Gareth W.; Kift-morgan, Ann; Donovan, Kieron L.; Topley, Nicholas; Eberl, Matthias

2013-01-01

342

Epithelioid sarcoma-like (pseudomyogenic) hemangioendothelioma, clinically mimicking dermatofibroma, diagnosed by skin biopsy in a 30-year-old man.  

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Epithelioid sarcoma-like (pseudomyogenic) hemangioendothelioma (ESHE) represents a rare soft tissue and bone tumor that typically presents as nodule(s) in the distal extremities of young adults. The nodules traverse several tissue planes simultaneously and can involve the dermis, subcutis, skeletal muscle and bone. ESHE shares clinical and microscopic features with epithelioid sarcoma (ES), and, accordingly, is commonly misdiagnosed as ES. However, unlike ES, which has a poor prognosis, ESHE commonly follows an indolent course. Herein, we report a case of ESHE diagnosed by skin biopsy that clinically mimicked a dermatofibroma. We also provide clinical photographs of the lesions in various stages of development, representing information that has not been previously published, to our knowledge. PMID:24033835

Stuart, Lauren N; Gardner, Jerad M; Lauer, Scott R; Monson, David K; Parker, Douglas C; Edgar, Mark A

2013-10-01

343

Predictive value of clinical assessment of patients with podoconiosis in an endemic community setting.  

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Podoconiosis is a geochemical condition resulting in lower limb elephantiasis similar to that seen in chronic filarial disease. In podoconiosis-endemic areas, diagnosis of the condition must often take place in the community setting, where laboratory facilities are unavailable. In this study, 205 patients in Wolaitta zone, southern Ethiopia, were examined according to standard clinical practice. A capillary blood sample was taken at midnight for thick film examination. In a subsample of 117 patients, rapid antigen testing using Binax antigen cards was also performed. Both tests were negative in all patients. In podoconiosis-endemic areas, clinical examination is a valid means of diagnosing podoconiosis. PMID:17316723

Desta, Kelemu; Ashine, Meskele; Davey, Gail

2007-06-01

344

Biopsy-diagnosed renal disease in patients after transplantation of other organs and tissues.  

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Renal function deteriorates in about half of patients undergoing other transplants. We report the results of 105 renal biopsies from 101 nonrenal transplant recipients (bone marrow 14, liver 41, lung 30, heart 20). Biopsy indications were protracted acute renal failure (9%), creatinine increases (83%), heavy proteinuria (22%), or renal insufficiency before re-transplantation (9%). Histological findings other than nonspecific chronic changes, hypertension-related damage, and signs of chronic CNI toxicity included primary glomerular disease (17%), mostly after liver transplantation (21%) or after bone marrow transplantation (29%), and thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) namely (10%). TMA had the most serious impact on the clinical course. Besides severe hypertension, one TMA patient died of cerebral hemorrhage, 5 had hemolytic-uremic syndrome, and 6 rapidly developed end-stage renal failure. TMA patients had the shortest kidney survival post-biopsy and, together with patients with acute tubular injury, the shortest kidney and patient survival since transplantation. Nine TMA patients had received CNI, 3 of them concomitantly received an mTOR-inhibitor. CNI toxicity is implicated in most patients with renal failure after transplant of other organs and may play a role in the development of TMA, the most serious complication. However, decreased renal function should not be routinely ascribed to CNI. PMID:20883535

Schwarz, A; Haller, H; Schmitt, R; Schiffer, M; Koenecke, C; Strassburg, C; Lehner, F; Gottlieb, J; Bara, C; Becker, J U; Broecker, V

2010-09-01

345

The Clinical Analysis on 32 Cases of Herniated Lumbar Disc Patients according to Lumbar CT scan  

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Objective : This study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the oriental medicine treatment on lumbar disc herniation. Subjects and Methods : The clinical analysis was done on 32 cases of patients with lumbar disc herniation diagnosed by lumbar CT scan. Patients who admitted in Cheongju Oriental Medicine Hospital from April 2007 to April 2008 were analyzed according to the distribution of sex, age, the period of disease, condition on admission, the symptom on admission, Admission day, the t...

Jeong-ho Kim; Jeong-hwan Lee; Young-il Kim

2010-01-01

346

Clinical diagnosis of hyposalivation in hospitalized patients  

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Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of clinical criteria for the diagnosis of hyposalivation in hospitalized patients. Material and Methods A clinical study was carried out on 145 subjects (48 males; 97 females; aged 20 to 90 years). Each subject was clinically examined, in the morning and in the afternoon, along 1 day. A focused anamnesis allowed identifying symptoms of hyposalivation, like xerostomia complaints (considered as a reference symptom), chewing difficulty, dysphagia and increased frequency of liquid intake. Afterwards, dryness of the mucosa of the cheecks and floor of the mouth, as well as salivary secretion during parotid gland stimulation were assessed during oral examination. Results Results obtained with Chi-square tests showed that 71 patients (48.9%) presented xerostomia complaints, with a significant correlation with all hyposalivation symptoms (p<0.05). Furthermore, xerostomia was also significantly correlated with all data obtained during oral examination in both periods of evaluation (p<0.05). Conclusion Clinical diagnosis of hyposalivation in hospitalized patients is feasible and can provide an immediate and appropriate therapy avoiding further problems and improving their quality of life. PMID:22666830

BERTI-COUTO, Soraya de Azambuja; COUTO-SOUZA, Paulo Henrique; JACOBS, Reinhilde; NACKAERTS, Olivia; RUBIRA-BULLEN, Izabel Regina Fischer; WESTPHALEN, Fernando Henrique; MOYSÉS, Samuel Jorge; IGNÁCIO, Sérgio Aparecido; da COSTA, Maitê Barroso; TOLAZZI, Ana Lúcia

2012-01-01

347

Clinical diagnosis of hyposalivation in hospitalized patients  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of clinical criteria for the diagnosis of hyposalivation in hospitalized patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A clinical study was carried out on 145 subjects (48 males; 97 females; aged 20 to 90 years. Each subject was clinically examined, in the morning and in the afternoon, along 1 day. A focused anamnesis allowed identifying symptoms of hyposalivation, like xerostomia complaints (considered as a reference symptom, chewing difficulty, dysphagia and increased frequency of liquid intake. Afterwards, dryness of the mucosa of the cheecks and floor of the mouth, as well as salivary secretion during parotid gland stimulation were assessed during oral examination. RESULTS: Results obtained with Chi-square tests showed that 71 patients (48.9% presented xerostomia complaints, with a significant correlation with all hyposalivation symptoms (p <0.05. Furthermore, xerostomia was also significantly correlated with all data obtained during oral examination in both periods of evaluation (p<0.05. CONCLUSION: Clinical diagnosis of hyposalivation in hospitalized patients is feasible and can provide an immediate and appropriate therapy avoiding further problems and improving their quality of life.

Soraya de Azambuja Berti-Couto

2012-04-01

348

Clinical aspects of patients with nasal polyposis  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The nasal Polyposis is a non-neoplastic chronic inflammatory process of the nasal mucosa. It causes a large impact to the patients' life quality. Objective: To analyze the characteristics of patients with polyposis in the Brazilian population. Method: 50 records of patients followed up in a tertiary hospital and submitted to surgical treatment of nasal polyposis were reviewed. The following variables were analyzed: age, sex, smoking, presence of asthma, presence of AAS intolerance and also the clinical manifestations: anterior and posterior rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction, hyposmia, sneezing and pruritus. The tomographic evaluation system applied was that of Lund-McKay. For statistical analysis we applied the chi-square test with p<0.05. Results: Out of 50 patients evaluated, 28 were male and 22 were female. The mean age range was of 40.8 years. The main clinical manifestation was nasal obstruction in 100% of the patients. In the tomographic evaluation, according to the Lund-McKay system, the average scoring was of 10.9. Discussion: No statistically significant difference was obtained in the patients' general symptoms compared to the patients with asthma or AAS intolerance. The difference in the Lund-McKay score was statistically significant in the populations studied. The symptoms were similar to the frequency of symptoms of other works. Conclusion: We concluded that the main complaint of the patients with nasal polyposis is nasal obstruction, the most affected age is of about 40 years old, without preference of sex. The severity of tomographic findings is higher in patients with asthma and AAS intolerance.

Crespo, Cassio Caldini

2009-09-01

349

Understanding the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in newly diagnosed adult patients in general practice: a UK database study  

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Full Text Available Christopher Bushe,1 Bernard Wilson,2 Foula Televantou,1 Mark Belger,1 Louise Watson3 1Lilly UK, Erl Wood Manor, Windlesham, Surrey, 2Lilly UK, Lilly House, Basingstoke, Hampshire, 3EpiPharmaCo Ltd, Buxton, Derbyshire, UK Background: Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD has been largely ignored in psychiatric and general practice guidance until recently. Adult ADHD has a high social and medical burden, but health care is not well described in the UK. The main study objective was to evaluate a primary care adult ADHD population in terms of prescribing and health care contact rates. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Database from January 1, 2002 to July 31, 2011. Adult patients with an incident ADHD diagnosis or ADHD medication were identified as having been free of ADHD medication or diagnoses in the previous 2 years. Patients were followed for 12–24 months after diagnosis. Results: Of the 663 patients with ADHD in the cohort, 54.1% were prescribed ADHD medication during the observation period. During the first 6 months, 34.2% of patients initiated methylphenidates and 14.0% atomoxetine. In total, 36.3% patients were referred to secondary care psychiatry during observation, with the remaining population (63.7% never having a referral. Most of the referrals were before diagnosis in primary care. At the end of the observation period, 16.2% of patients were on antipsychotics, 17.3% hypnotics, and 34.8% antidepressants or anxiolytics; however, some patients appeared to be prescribed antipsychotic or antidepressant medications even if they did not have an observable diagnosis in their records. Health care contact rates (general practitioner or hospital increased by 39.2% post-diagnosis (incidence rate ratio: 1.39; 95% confidence interval: 1.32, 1.47, which may be related to the need for medication monitoring and titration. Conclusion: This study has shown in primary care that there is relatively low use of ADHD medication, low referrals into secondary care, high rates of usage of psychiatric non-ADHD medications for different indications, and an increasing burden in terms of health care contacts in adult ADHD patients post-diagnosis. Keywords: adult ADHD, prescribing, health care, health outcomes, epidemiology, CPRD

Bushe C

2015-01-01

350

Circulating plasma cells detected by flow cytometry as a predictor of survival in 302 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma  

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We detected circulating plasma cells (PCs) by flow cytometry in 302 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) by gating on CD38+CD45- cells. The number of circulating PCs per 50 000 mononuclear cells was reported. In 80 (27%) patients, no circulating PC were seen; 106 (35%) patients had 1 to 10 and 115 (38%) patients had more than 10 circulating PCs. Median overall survival for the 302 patients was 47 months. Patients with 10 or fewer circulating PCs had a median survival of 58.7 mo...

Nowakowski, Grzegorz S.; Witzig, Thomas E.; Dingli, David; Tracz, Michal J.; Gertz, Morie A.; Lacy, Martha Q.; Lust, John A.; Dispenzieri, Angela; Greipp, Philip R.; Kyle, Robert A.; Rajkumar, S. Vincent

2005-01-01

351

Distúrbios psiquiátricos relacionados ao álcool associados a diagnósticos de clínica médica e/ou intervenções cirúrgicas, atendidos num hospital geral Disturbios psiquiátricos relacionados al alcohol, asociados a diagnósticos de clínica médica y/o intervenciones quirúrgicas, atendidos en un hospital general Psychiatric disorders related to alcohol and associated to general clinical medical diagnoses and/or surgical interventions in patients admitted in a general hospital  

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Full Text Available Através de um inquérito epidemiológico, buscou-se detectar as co-morbidades dos diagnósticos psiquiátricos relacionados ao álcool. Para tanto, investigou-se os atendimentos num Hospital de Urgências Médicas no Setor de Psiquiatria, no período de 1988 a 1991, tendo por objetivo identificar quais as doenças clínicas e outros incidentes que acometem a população referida. Fizeram parte do levantamento os diagnóstico relacionados ao álcool, conforme CID 9 (291; 303 e 305.0 e os associados não pertencentes à psiquiatria. Evidenciou-se no período, 1835 casos com diagnósticos relacionados ao álcool e destes 487 (26.5% se referiram aos grupos 291-303-305.0, associados à outros não psiquiátricos. Desse total a maior frequência de casos ocorreu nos grupos 340-349 (Outros transtornos do SNC e 800-859 (Lesões e complicações traumáticas com 80 (16.4% atendimentos, respectivamente. Observando-se os dados por ano, constata-se que dos diagnósticos relacionados ao álcool (com diagnósticos clínicos associados o 303 (Síndrome de Dependência Alcoólica foi o que teve maior número de atendimento com 326 (67% casos, seguido de 291 (Psicose Alcoólica com 117 (24% e 305.0 (Álcool com 44 (9%. No período, tanto o diagnóstico psiquiátrico 303 como o 291, apareceram mais frequentemente associados ao grupo de diagnóstico clínicos 340-349, com 55 (11.2% e 12 (2.4% casos, respectivamente e o 305.0 teve o grupo 800-859 com 10 (2% casos, como o mais frequente.Usando un formulario de notificación epidemiológica, se buscó detectar las co-morbilidades de los diagnósticos psiquiátricos relacionados con el alcohol. Para esto se investigó las atenciones realizadas en un hospital de urgencias médicas en el sector de psiquiatría, durante el periodo de 1988 a1991; teniendo como objetivo identificar cuales son las enfermedades clínicas y otros incidentes padece la población referida. Hicieron parte los diagnósticos relacionados al alcohol, conforme CID 9 (291; 303 y 305.0 y los asociados no pertenecientes a psiquiatría. En el periodo se encontró 1835 casos de diagnóstico relacionados al alcohol y de estos 487 (26,5% se referían a los grupos 291-303-305.0, asociados a otros no psiquiátricos. De ese total la mayor frecuencia de casos ocurrió en los grupos 340-349 (Otros trastornos del sistema nervioso central y 800-859 (Lesiones y complicaciones traumáticas con 80 (16,4% casos atendidos respectivamente. Observándose los casos por año se constata que los diagnósticos relacionados al alcohol (con diagnósticos clínicos relacionados y 303 (Síndrome de dependencia alcohólica fue el que tuvo mayor número de atenciones con 326 (67% casos, seguido de 291 (Psicosis alcohólica con 117 (24% y 305.0 (alcohol 44 (9% en el periodo; tanto el diagnóstico 303 como el 291, aparecieron mas frecuentemente asociados al grupo de diagnóstico clínico 340-349, con 55 (11,2% y 12 (2,4% casos, respectivamente y el 305.0 tuvo el grupo 800-859 con 10 (2% casos, como más frecuente.Through an epidemiological examination, the authors searched for co-morbidities and for psychiatric diagnoses related to alcohol. So, patients attended in a Psychiatric ward at an Emergency Service from 1988 to 1991 were investigated. The aim was to identify clinical diseases and another incidents that assault this population. The diagnoses examined were the ones related to alcohol, according to CID-9 (291; 303; 305.0 and the ones associated that do not belong to psychiatry 1835 cases were observed with diagnoses related to alcohol and among them 487 (26.5% were concerning to the groups 291-303-305.0, which were associated to another psychiatric diagnoses. The larger frequency occurred in the groups 340-349 (Another central nervous system disorders and 800-859 (Lesions and traumatic complications with 80 (16.4% patients, respectively. Through data observation by year, authors found that among the diagnoses related to alcohol (with clinical diagnoses associated, the 303 (Alcohol dependence syndrome was the one that had the large

Eliene Reis de Oliveira

1997-05-01

352

Children diagnosed with congenital cardiac malformations at the national university departments of pediatric cardiology: positive predictive values of data in the Danish National Patient Registry  

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Full Text Available Peter Agergaard1, Anders Hebert2, Jesper Bjerre3, Karina Meden Sørensen4, Charlotte Olesen3, John Rosendal Østergaard31Department of Pediatrics, Viborg Hospital, Viborg, Denmark; 2Department of Pediatrics, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark; 3Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark; 4Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Immunology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, DenmarkIntroduction: The present study was conducted to establish the positive predictive value of congenital cardiac malformation diagnoses registered in the Danish National Patient Registry (NPR, thereby exploring whether the NPR can serve as a valid tool for epidemiologic studies of congenital cardiac malformations.Materials and methods: The study population comprised every individual born from 2000 to 2008 who was registered in the NPR with a congenital cardiac malformation diagnosis and treated at one of the two national departments of pediatric cardiology. Positive predictive values were established comparing NPR information with the clinical record of each individual.Results: A total of 2952 patients with a total of 3536 diagnoses were eligible for validation. Review of their clinical records unveiled no patient without cardiac malformation. In 98% (98%–99% of the cases, the NPR diagnosis could be found as the discharge diagnosis in the patient's clinical record, and in 90% (89%–91% of the cases the NPR diagnosis was considered a true reflection of the patient's actual malformation.Conclusions: Our study verifies that the present study population retrieved from the NPR is a valid tool for epidemiological research within the topic of congenital cardiac malformations, given that the research question is not dependent on a fully established sensitivity of the NPR. Precautions should be made regarding cardiac malformations characterized by low prevalence or poor predictive values, and the reported validity should not be extrapolated beyond the study period.Keywords: congenital cardiac malformation, registry, validation

Peter Agergaard

2011-02-01

353

Carcinoma and multiple lymphomas in one patient: establishing the diagnoses and analyzing risk factors.  

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Multiple malignancies may occur in the same patient, and a few reports describe cases with multiple hematologic and non-hematologic neoplasms. We report the case of a patient who showed the sequential occurrence of four different lymphoid neoplasms together with a squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. A 62-year-old man with adenopathy was admitted to the hospital, and lymph node biopsy was positive for low-grade follicular lymphoma. He achieved a partial remission with chemotherapy. Two years later, a PET-CT scan showed a left hilar mass in the lung; biopsy showed a squamous cell carcinoma. Simultaneously, he was diagnosed with diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a neck lymph node; after chemo- and radiotherapy, he achieved a complete response. A restaging PET-CT scan 2 years later revealed a retroperitoneal nodule, and biopsy again showed a low-grade follicular lymphoma, while a biopsy of a cutaneous scalp lesion showed a CD30-positive peripheral T cell lymphoma. After some months, a liver biopsy and a right cervical lymph node biopsy showed a CD30-positive peripheral T cell lymphoma consistent with anaplastic lymphoma kinase-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Flow cytometry and cytogenetic and molecular genetic analysis performed at diagnosis and during the patient's follow-up confirmed the presence of two clonally distinct B cell lymphomas, while the two T cell neoplasms were confirmed to be clonally related. We discuss the relationship between multiple neoplasms occurring in the same patient and the various possible risk factors involved in their development. PMID:20309424

Cannizzo, Elisa; Sohani, Aliyah R; Ferry, Judith A; Hochberg, Ephraim P; Kluk, Michael J; Dorn, Michelle E; Sadowski, Craig; Bucci, Janessa J; Ackerman, Adam M; Longtine, Janina A; Carulli, Giovanni; Preffer, Frederic I

2009-01-01

354

Diagnosing chronic rhinosinusitis : comparing questionnaire-based and clinical-based diagnosis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps (EP3OS) incorporates symptomatic and endo- scopic criteria in the clinical diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), while in epidemiological studies the definition is based on symptoms only. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between questionnaire-based and clinical-based CRS.

Lange, B; Thilsing, T

2013-01-01

355

Fat intake in patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes: a 4-year follow-up study in general practice.  

OpenAIRE

BACKGROUND: Although treatment targets for the consumption of dietary fat in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are well accepted, little is known about the actual fat consumption by newly diagnosed patients or the dietary adjustments that they make in the following years. AIMS: To measure fat intake in patients with type 2 diabetes in general practice at diagnosis, shortly after dietary consultation, and after 4 years. DESIGN OF STUDY: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: Thirty-three ge...

Laar, F. A.; Lisdonk, E. H.; Lucassen, P. L.; Tigchelaar, J. M.; Meyboom, S.; Mulder, Jan; Hoogen, H. J. Den; Rutten, G. E. H. M.; Weel, C.

2004-01-01

356

Self-awareness of the disease in patients diagnosed as having type 2 diabetes mellitus attending nurse appointment  

OpenAIRE

In order to perform an appropriate health intervention, it is necessary that the patient is self-identified with the disease diagnosed. The aim of this study is to know whether the diabetic patients are self-identified with this disease and to check whether this fact influences on the metabolic control or not. Material and Method: This is a descriptive study carried out on diabetic patients attending nurse appointment. The variables were the following: self-identification as a diabetic, gl...

Marti?nez Castillo, Antonio

2012-01-01

357

Frequency of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults in Asian patients diagnosed as type 2 diabetes in Birmingham, United Kingdom.  

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The aims of our study were to measure autoantibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase and autoantibodies to protein tyrosine phosphatase in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, patients with impaired glucose tolerance, and healthy controls of Asian origin from Birmingham, United Kingdom. According to our findings, 27% (9/33) of patients initially diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus carry autoantibodies to GAD65. PMID:14679091

Tica, Valeria; Hanif, M Wasim; Andersson, Annika; Valsamakis, G; Barnett, A H; Kumar, Sudesh; Sanjeevi, C B

2003-11-01

358

Risk factors of distant brain failure for patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases treated with stereotactic radiotherapy alone  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Objective To explore the risk factors of distant brain failure (DBF) for patients with brain metastasis (BM) who were treated with stereotactic radiotherapy alone and to group the patients on the basis of their risk levels. Methods and Materials We retrospectively analyzed 132 newly diagnosed BM patients who were treated with stereotactic radiotherapy alone from May 2000 to April 2010. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were p...

Chen Xiu-jun; Xiao Jian-ping; Li Xiang-pan; Jiang Xue-song; Zhang Ye; Xu Ying-jie; Dai Jian-rong; Li Ye-xiong

2011-01-01

359

Psychiatric diagnoses in patients with burning mouth syndrome and atypical odontalgia referred from psychiatric to dental facilities  

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Full Text Available Miho Takenoshita1, Tomoko Sato1, Yuichi Kato1, Ayano Katagiri1, Tatsuya Yoshikawa1, Yusuke Sato2, Eisuke Matsushima3, Yoshiyuki Sasaki4, Akira Toyofuku11Psychosomatic Dentistry, 2Complete Denture Prosthodontics, 3Liaison Psychiatry and Palliative Medicine, 4Center for Education and Research in Oral Health Care, Faculty of Dentistry, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, JapanBackground: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS and atypical odontalgia (AO are two conditions involving chronic oral pain in the absence of any organic cause. Psychiatrically they can both be considered as “somatoform disorder”. From the dental point of view, however, the two disorders are quite distinct. BMS is a burning or stinging sensation in the mouth in association with a normal mucosa whereas AO is most frequently associated with a continuous pain in the teeth or in a tooth socket after extraction in the absence of any identifiable cause. Because of the absence of organic causes, BMS and AO are often regarded as psychogenic conditions, although the relationship between oral pain and psychologic factors is still unclear. Some studies have analyzed the psychiatric diagnoses of patients with chronic oral pain who have been referred from dental facilities to psychiatric facilities. No study to date has investigated patients referred from psychiatric facilities to dental facilities.Objective: To analyze the psychiatric diagnoses of chronic oral pain patients, diagnosed with BMS and AO, and referred from psychiatric facilities to dental facilities.Study design: Psychiatric diagnoses and disease conditions of BMS or AO were investigated in 162 patients by reviewing patients’ medical records and referral forms. Psychiatric diagnoses were categorized according to the International Statistical Classification of Disease and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision.Results: The proportion of F4 classification (neurotic, stress-related, and somatoform disorders in AO patients was significantly higher than in BMS patients. BMS patients were more frequently given a F3 classification (mood/affective disorders. However, 50.8% of BMS patients and 33.3% of AO patients had no specific psychiatric diagnoses.Conclusion: Although BMS and AO are both chronic pain disorders occurring in the absence of any organic cause, the psychiatric diagnoses of patients with BMS and AO differ substantially.Keywords: glossodynia, stomatodynia, ICD-10, somatoform disorder

Miho Takenoshita

2010-10-01