WorldWideScience
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75 FR 5703 - Proposed Modification of Jet Route J-3; Spokane, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...via Red Bluff, CA; Lakeview, OR; Kimberly, OR; Spokane, WA. * * * * * Issued in Washington, DC, January 25, 2010. Edith V. Parish, Manager, Airspace and Rules Group. [FR Doc. 2010-2471 Filed 2-3-10; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE...

2010-02-04

2

Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2005 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting harvestable fisheries for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). The Spokane Tribe, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Colville Confederated Tribes and Lake Roosevelt Development Association/Lake Roosevelt Volunteer Net Pen Project are cooperating in a comprehensive artificial production program to produce kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) for annual releases into the project area. The program consists of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. The Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake Fisheries Evaluation Program monitor and evaluates release strategies and production methods for the aforementioned projects. Between 1985 and 2005 the projects have collectively produced up to 800,000 rainbow trout and 4 million kokanee salmon for release into Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry for Banks Lake annually. In 2005, the annual release goal included 3.3 million kokanee fry, 475,000 kokanee yearlings and 500,000 rainbow trout yearlings. Fish produced by this project in 2005 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 3,446,438 kokanee fingerlings, 347,730 rainbow trout fingerlings and 525,721 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Meadow Creek and Lake Whatcom kokanee, diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2004 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to rainbow trout catch and harvest rates while the impact on the kokanee fishery was minimal. Success of the Lake Roosevelt kokanee artificial production program appears to be limited primarily owing to predation, precocity and high entrainment rates through Grand Coulee Dam. Recommendations for future hatchery/net pen operations include use of stocks compatible or native to the upper Columbia River, continue kokanee fry and post-smolt releases, 100% triploid hatchery stock rainbow trout used and adipose fin clip hatchery stock rainbow trout prior to release. The Spokane Tribal Hatchery is funded by the Bonneville Power Administration under directives by the Northwest Power Conservation Council Columbia River Basin Fish & Wildlife Program, Resident Fish Substitution Measures, 1987 to current (Subbasin Plan), as partial mitigation for anadromous and resident fish losses in the blocked areas above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams.

Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2006-03-01

3

The Spokane flood controversy and the Martian outflow channels  

Science.gov (United States)

The controversy over Bretz's hypothesis concerning the cataclysmic Spokane flood is discussed. Attention is directed to similarities between the Channeled Scabland of Washington and some Martian land features considered to be catastrophic flood channels. Characteristics of the enormous plexus of proglacial stream channels eroded into the loess and basalt of the Columbia Plateau in eastern Washington are described. The controversiality of the suggestion that a catastrophic flood is responsible for the Martian features is considered with respect to the Spokane flood controversy.

Baker, V. R.

1978-01-01

4

WA18  

CERN Multimedia

Front view. The target plates are cut from marble (3x3 m slabs surrounded by magnetized iron) and allow the use of the calorimeter as a muon polarimeter. WA18 was CHARM, the experiment of the CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome(INFN)-Moskow(ITEP) Collaboration

1977-01-01

5

75 FR 65516 - ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Affirmative Determination Regarding...  

Science.gov (United States)

...application dated September 21, 2010, a representative of the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (IAM&AW), District Lodge 751, requested administrative reconsideration of the negative determination regarding workers'...

2010-10-25

6

At WA18  

CERN Multimedia

By July 1978 the CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome-Moskow Collaboration (CHARM) has set up the experiment WA18, behind WA1 (on the right), in the neutrino wide-band (WBB) and narrow-band (NBB) beams, at the West Area Neutrino Facility (WANF)and started data taking data.

1978-01-01

7

At WA18  

CERN Multimedia

The target calorimeter of the WA18 neutrino counter experiment as installed in the West Area of the SPS. On the background, right the CDHS set-up. Jim Allaby stands at centre, bottom. WA18 was set-up by the CERN- Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome(INFN)-Moscow(ITEP) Collaboration.

1977-01-01

8

Top view of WA3  

CERN Multimedia

The WA3 experiment by the Amsterdam-CERN-Cracow-Munich-Oxford-Rutherford (ACCMORE)Collaboration aimed to study exclusive pion and kaon interactions with protons. WA7 is seen on the backgound (top). The hut on the right is WA3, the hut on the left is WA2.

1977-01-01

9

At WA11  

CERN Multimedia

Starting with february 1977 the WA5 spectrometer of the Indiana-Saclay Collaboration originally designed to study hadron backward scattering on protons, and later modified by the Indiana-Imperial College (London)-Saclay-Southampton Collaboration, was used (experiment WA11) to search for high mass states produced with the J/psi. On the left, Tom Marshall moves in a beam hodoscope. On the right, at the entrance of the Goliath magnet, one sees the 1 m long hydrogen target. (Later the set-up was reshuffled, and the hydrogen target was replaced by a set of Be targets located upstream of the magnet.)

1977-01-01

10

At WA7  

CERN Multimedia

The CERN-Genoa-Annecy(LAPP)- Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen-Oslo-University College,London Collaboration set-up the experiment WA7 to study two-body reactions at large transverse momentum. Here, Michel Yvert, Alberto Santronico, Per Carlson

1977-01-01

11

Preparing for WA34  

CERN Multimedia

Following a proposal by a CERN-Florence-Genova Collaboration to study charmed particles photoproduced in emulsion plates tagged by the Omega apparatus triggers, WA34 was a test exposure to demonstrate the validity of the experimental method. Here (centre) Giordano Diambrini-Palazzi inside the Omega magnet. the validity of the experimental method.

1977-01-01

12

At WA3  

CERN Multimedia

Installation of one half of the photon calorimeter as a part of the multiparticle spectrometer of the ACCMOR Collaboration (WA3). The calorimeter was 28 radiation lengths deep and consisted of two identical blocks of 40 scintillator planes with 2 cm wide elements, interleaved with layers of lead 4 mm thick. Robert Klanner stands on the right (see photo 7710073).

1977-01-01

13

Shock waves in condensed matter; Proceedings of the fourth topical conference, Spokane, WA, July 22-25, 1985  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In these proceedings concerned with shock waves, topics on the equation of state, optical studies, mechanical properties, dynamic fracture and fragmentation, experimental developments, geophysical materials and applications, hydrodynamics, material synthesis, and energetic materials are discussed. Papers are presented on the theory of the high-temperature shocked metallic state, shock-induced radiation from minerals, a micromechanical model of porous-brittle solids, and strain rate dependence in steady plastic shock waves. Consideration is given to an application of geometric statistics to dynamic fragmentation, shock temperature measurements in ammonia, the shock loading and release behavior of X-cut quartz, and the calculation of the dimensions of the steady Mach wave. Additional papers are on chemical synthesis under high-pressure shock loading and rate-determining steps for ingnition of shocked nitromethane. Special attention is given to computer simulation of nonequilibrium processes

14

Exploration systems approach to the Spokane Mountain area uranium deposits, Northeastern Washington  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Within the gross context of economic exploration techniques developed through case studies of known mineralization, this report of research into the Spokane Mountain uranium deposit integrates the results of numerous field surveys and the application of proven scientific methods with the effects of all tasks weighed against those of similar activities and the costs of alternative methods. An exploration systems approach to the problem required a synthesis of information derived mainly from a small mining district in Stevens County, Washington. Data were obtained by utilizing sources of information available to the mineral industry and state-of-the-art uranim exploration techniques, including geological, geophysical, geochemical, and emanometric procedures. The Spokane Mountain mineralization exemplifies classical conditions of uranium deposits that form in the contact zone developed between metasediments and uraniferous intrusive rocks. Geological studies for this report include assessments of subsurface conditions; interpretations of detailed petrographic examinations that emphasize depositional environments, metamorphic effects, alteration, paragenesis, mineralogy, and origin; and overviews of regional stratigraphy, structure, metamorphism, plutonium, and metallogeny. Elements and minerals associated with uranium were detected along the contact zone, Midnite Trend, using geochemical techniques applied to both soils and stream surveys. The coincidence of molybdenum and uranium in the sediments and water of streams in the Spokane Mountain area indicates a nearby source of uranium. The abundance of multielements such as U, As, and F in the soils, checked at various densities and scales, are indicators of uranium mineralization; also, two targets with uranium potential apparently exist in areas peripheral to Spokane Mountain.

Babcock, L.; Beck, P.; Farley, W.; Lechler, P.; Lindgren, J.; Miller, D.; Pigott, J.; Sayala, D.; Trujillo, R.; Wayland, T.

1981-07-01

15

76 FR 23710 - Safety Zones: Bellingham Bay, Bellingham, WA and Lake Union, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1625-AA00 Safety Zones: Bellingham Bay, Bellingham, WA and Lake Union, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Final rule...its regulations: Bellingham Bay, Bellingham, WA, and Lake Union, Seattle, WA. This action is necessary to eliminate...

2011-04-28

16

Ecological indicators of water quality in the Spokane River, Idaho and Washington, 1998 and 1999  

Science.gov (United States)

A water-quality investigation of the Spokane River was completed during summer low-flow conditions in 1998 and 1999 as part of the USGS NAWQA Program, in cooperation with the WDOE. (Abbreviations used in this report are defined on the last page.) Samples for analyses of water chemistry; bed sediment; aquatic communities (fish, macroinvertebrates, and algae); contaminants in tissue (fish and macroinvertebrates); and associated measures of habitat were collected at six sites downstream from Coeur d’Alene Lake between river miles 63 and 100. These data provided baseline information to evaluate the water-quality status of the Spokane River and can be used to determine the ecological risk to aquatic organisms from contaminants.

MacCoy, Dorene E.; Maret, Terry R.

2003-01-01

17

Exploration systems approach to the Spokane Mountain area uranium deposits, Northeastern Washington  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Within the gross context of economic exploration techniques developed through case studies of known mineralization, this report of research into the Spokane Mountain uranium deposit integrates the results of numerous field surveys and the application of proven scientific methods with the effects of all tasks weighed against those of similar activities and the costs of alternative methods. An exploration systems approach to the problem required a synthesis of information derived mainly from a small mining district in Stevens County, Washington. Data were obtained by utilizing sources of information available to the mineral industry and state-of-the-art uranim exploration techniques, including geological, geophysical, geochemical, and emanometric procedures. The Spokane Mountain mineralization exemplifies classical conditions of uranium deposits that form in the contact zone developed between metasediments and uraniferous intrusive rocks. Geological studies for this report include assessments of subsurface conditions; interpretations of detailed petrographic examinations that emphasize depositional environments, metamorphic effects, alteration, paragenesis, mineralogy, and origin; and overviews of regional stratigraphy, structure, metamorphism, plutonium, and metallogeny. Elements and minerals associated with uranium were detected along the contact zone, Midnite Trend, using geochemical techniques applied to both soils and stream surveys. The coincidence of molybdenum am surveys. The coincidence of molybdenum and uranium in the sediments and water of streams in the Spokane Mountain area indicates a nearby source of uranium. The abundance of multielements such as U, As, and F in the soils, checked at various densities and scales, are indicators of uranium mineralization; also, two targets with uranium potential apparently exist in areas peripheral to Spokane Mountain

18

Hobo Orator Union: Class Composition and the Spokane Free Speech Fight of the Industrial Workers of the World  

Science.gov (United States)

From 1909 to 1910, the public performance of soap-box oratory began to effect dramatic changes in the composition of migrant workers throughout the Pacific Northwest. Municipal authorities in Spokane attempted to curb the formation of a union of hobo orators by outlawing public speech-making within the city fire limits. The ensuing confrontation…

May, Matthew S.

2011-01-01

19

COLONIZATION OF BENTHIC INVERTEBRATES ON ARTIFICIAL SUBSTRATES IN THE SNAKE, SPOKANE, CLARK FORK, AND BEAR RIVER DRAINAGES, 1977  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted as part of a continuing monitoring program by the EPA on the physical, chemical, and biological parameters of waterways of the United States. The principal objective was to assess benthic invertebrate communities in the Snake, Spokane, Clark Fork, and Be...

20

Hsaing Waing: Classical Ensemble of Myanmar  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hsaing Waing is a classical music ensemble and a prominent culturalidentity of Myanmar. The Hsaing Waing ensemble consists of many instruments such as the Pat Waing, Muang Hsaing, Hne, Chauk Lon Bat, Byaung, Wa, Wallet Kok, Yakin, Si, and Mong. The earliest historical record of the Hsaing Waing is in 1544 where the Pat Waing and possibly the Hsaing Waing, was in royal service at the court of King Tabinshwehti of the Taungoo dynasty and prospered under the Kaunbaun dynasty up to colonial rule. During colonization, Hsaing Waing’s popularity declined but other innovations were introduced such as modern recording mediums and broadcasts which transferred the popularity of Hsaing Waing to a broader public audience and brought innovation to religious music, ceremonial rituals, fusion of westernmusical instruments such as the piano, violin and mandolin. The wealth of knowledge and numbers of connoisseur during the Kaunbaun dynasty led to the transfer of knowledge to many apprentices which were responsible for the development and adaptation and continuation of Hsaing Waing during colonization, socialism and independence. The transfer of knowledge was carried out by previous generations through apprentices, family members, close relatives and inspired individuals. The factors for the successful inheritance of Hsaing Waing are management, education, musicians and opportunity.

Chalermkit Kengkeaw

2013-09-01

21

Potential Hydroelectric Power Upriver Dam: City of Spokane Department of Utilities Water Division  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The technical, economic, environmental and institutional feasibility of increasing the power generation capacity of the City of Spokane's Upriver Dam Complex by installing additional generating facilities and/or modifying existing facilities were studied. It is proposed that the existing powerhouse be uprated from 3.9 to 4.5 MW and that a new powerhouse be constructed with two 4.5 MW turbines to provide an annual additional energy production of 62.3 million kWh. No adverse environmental or safety effects are foreseen, the socio-institutional impacts will be beneficial, there is a market for the power produced, and the benefit/cost ratio is advantageous. (LCL)

1979-02-01

22

Counter support for WA35  

CERN Document Server

This assembly was equipped with 78 counters, each consisting of a lucite cone, to produce Cerenkov light, and a CsI scintillator plate of 3 mm thickness glued on the face of the cone. The experiment WA35 was set-up in the s1 beam (West Hall) by the Darmstadt-Heidelberg-Virginia-Warsaw Collaboration to measure angular distributions and multiplicities of pions and recoil protons produced by hadrons interacting in nuclei. (See Annual Report 1976 p. 39)

1977-01-01

23

Radon and remedial action in Spokane River Valley residences: an interim report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fifty-six percent of 46 residences monitored in the Spokane River Valley in eastern Washington/northern Idaho have indoor radon concentrations above the National Council for Radiation Protection (NCRP) guidelines of 8 pCi/1. Indoor levels were over 20 pCi/1 in eight homes, and ranged up to 132 pCi/1 in one house. Radon concentrations declined by factors of 4 to 38 during summer months. Measurements of soil emanation rates, domestic water supply concentrations, and building material flux rates indicate that diffusion of radon does not significantly contribute to the high concentrations observed. Rather, radon entry is dominated by pressure-driven bulk soil gas transport, aggravated by the local subsurface soil composition and structure. A variety of radon control strategies are being evaluated in 14 of these homes. Sub-surface ventilation by depressurization and overpressurization, basement overpressurization, and crawlspace ventilation are capable of successfully reducing radon levels below 5 pCi/1 in these homes. House ventilation is appropriate in buildings with low-moderate concentrations, while sealing of cracks has been relatively ineffective

24

49 CFR 372.231 - Tacoma, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

...under 49 U.S.C. 13506(b)(1), includes and is comprised...of Tacoma, WA, itself; (b) All points within a line drawn...Tacoma; (c) Those points in Pierce County, WA, which are not within...area described in paragraph (b) of this section, but...

2010-10-01

25

WA80 BGO calorimetry electronics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes instrumentation designed for BGO scintillator-based calorimetry of particles covering a very wide range of energies (from less than 50 MeV to 50 GeV). The instrumentation was designed to have a measurement accuracy of 0.1% over as much of the energy range as possible so the energy resolution of BGO would be the limiting factor. Two 1.5-cm2 photodiodes were used per 2.5 cm x 2.5 cm x 25 cm BGO crystal. Both a charge-sensitive preamplifier and a pulse processor were developed specifically for the needs of the WA80 experiment. The preamplifier was designed for high detector capacitance (100 to 700 pF), low integral and differential non-linearity and low power consumption (200 mW). The pulse processor is a time-invariant shaping amplifier with integral peak-detect-and-hold and automatic gain selection circuits. The amplifier use quasi-triangular shaping with 4 ?s peaking time, and the hold circuit is gated with a fast first level trigger. The system has more than 20 bits of effective resolution when used with an external 12-bit ADC. Results from beam tests at CERN are presented. 6 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab

26

Geohydrologic reconnaissance of a ground-water contamination problem in the Argonne Road area near Spokane, Washington  

Science.gov (United States)

Three domestic wells that withdraw groundwater from an alluvium-filled trough cut into granite were found to be contaminated with the organic solvents tetrachloroethene, trichloroethene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, and 1 ,2-trans-dichloroethene. The suspected source of contamination is a nearby septic-tank sludge disposal area. There is concern that the affected aquifer is tributary to the Spokane aquifer, which has been accorded ' sole source ' status by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Preliminary estimates suggest that groundwater in the area is moving toward the Spokane aquifer and that the transit time may range from 2.5 to 25 years. Because of longitudinal dispersion, however, the plume of contaminants may move at a faster rate than the ambient groundwater and may arrive at given destinations more quickly than calculated above. A literature search has indicated that the dissolved solute phase of the contaminants will not be significantly affected by sorption, volatilization, chemical activity, or biodegradation. Because of the preliminary nature of the investigation, many questions relating to the extent of contamination remain unanswered. A list of suggested additional studies to answer those questions and to refine and confirm the findings of this investigation is presented. (Author 's abstract)

Dion, N.P.

1987-01-01

27

AN EXAMINATION OF THE NUTRIENT AND HEAVY METALS BUDGET IN THE SPOKANE RIVER BETWEEN POST FALLS AND HANGMANS CREEK, IDAHO. 1979-1981  

Science.gov (United States)

High concentrations of heavy metals and the nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus are major water quality problems in the Spokane River, Idaho (17010305) and its tributaries. Heavy metals are in quantity sufficiently high to exceed the 24-hour average criterion given by the USEPA (1...

28

Event simulation for the WA80 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The HIJET and LUND event generators are compared. It is concluded that for detector construction and design of experimental setups, the differences between the two models are marginal. The coverage of the WA80 setup in pseudorapidity and energy is demonstrated. The performance of some of the WA80 detectors (zero-degree calorimeter, wall calorimeter, multiplicity array, and SAPHIR lead-glass detector) is evaluated based on calculations with the LUND or the HIJET codes combined with codes simulating the detector responses. 9 refs., 3 figs

29

33 CFR 165.1308 - Columbia River, Vancouver, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

... false Columbia River, Vancouver, WA. 165.1308 Section 165.1308 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD...Access Areas Thirteenth Coast Guard District § 165.1308 Columbia River, Vancouver, WA. (a)...

2010-07-01

30

Experiment WA1 (CDHS Neutrino Experiment)  

CERN Multimedia

Experiment WA1, also known under CDHS (CERN, Dortmund, Heidelberg, Saclay; spokesman Jack Steinberger), was the first neutrino experiment on the SPS, in its West Area. Magnetized iron (with a toroidal field) forms the core of the detector. On its outside we see drift chambers and photomultipliers (detecting the light from the plastic scintillators further in). Peter Schilly is wearing a white coat. See also CERN Annual Report 1976, p.57.

1977-01-01

31

Recent results from CERN-WA98  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The CERN experiment WA98 is a general-survey, open-spectrometer experiment designed to examine 160 A GeV/c Pb+A collisions at the CERN-SPS. The experiment has a broad physics agenda, as suggested by its many different subsystems. A diagram of the experiment as it stood in 1995 is shown in the report. Detectors whose results are presented here are described briefly

32

Recent results from CERN-WA98  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The CERN experiment WA98 is a general-survey, open-spectrometer experiment designed to examine 160 A GeV/c Pb+A collisions at the CERN-SPS. The experiment has a broad physics agenda, as suggested by its many different subsystems. A diagram of the experiment as it stood in 1995 is shown in the report. Detectors whose results are presented here are described briefly.

Stankus, P.; WA98 Collaboration

1997-02-01

33

Recent results from the WA98 experiment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Recent results of the WA98 experiment with Pb induced reactions at 158. A GeV are presented. The scaling properties of the transverse energy and the charged particle multiplicity at midrapidity with the number of participants is studied. Neutral pion spectra are compared to hydrodynamical parameterizations. The analysis of collective flow at target rapidity and at midrapidity is presented. The status of the study of direct photons and the search for isospin fluctuations is discussed.

Peitzmann, T.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Agnihotri, A.; Ahammed, Z.; Angelis, A.L.S.; Antonenko, V.; Arefiev, V.; Astakhov, V.; Avdeitchikov, V.; Awes, T.C.; Baba, P.V.K.S.; Badyal, S.K.; Baldine, A.; Barabach, L.; Barlag, C.; Bathe, S.; Batiounia, B.; Bernier, T.; Bhalla, K.B.; Bhatia, V.S.; Blume, C.; Bohne, E.-M.; Bucher, D.; Buijs, A.; Buesching, H.; Carlen, L.; Chalyshev, V.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Cherbatchev, R.; Chujo, T.; Claussen, A.; Das, A.C.; Decowski, M.P.; Delagrange, H.; Djordjadze, V.; Donni, P.; Doubovik, I.; Dutt, S.; Dutta Majumdar, M.R.; El Chenawi, K.; Eliseev, S.; Enosawa, K.; Foka, P.; Fokin, S.; Frolov, V.; Ganti, M.S.; Garpman, S.; Gavrishchuk, O.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Ghosh, T.K.; Glasow, R.; Gupta, S.K.; Guskov, B.; Gustafsson, H.A.; Gutbrod, H.H.; Higuchi, R.; Hrivnacova, I.; Ippolitov, M.; Kalechofsky, H.; Kamermans, R.; Kampert, K.-H.; Karadjev, K.; Karpio, K.; Kato, S.; Kim, H.; Kolb, B.W.; Kosarev, I.; Koutcheryaev, I.; Kugler, A.; Kulinich, P.; Kurata, M.; Kurita, K.; Kuzmin, N.; Langbein, I.; Lebedev, A.; Lee, Y.Y.; Loehner, H.; Luquin, L.; Mahapatra, D.P.; Manko, V.; Martin, M.; Martinez, G.; Maximov, A.; Mehdiyev, R.; Mgebrichvili, G.; Miake, Y.; Mikhalev, D.; Mir, Md.F.; Mishra, G.C.; Miyamoto, Y.; Mohanty, B.; Morrison, D.; Mukhopadhyay, D.S.; Myalkovski, V.; Naef, H.; Nandi, B.K.; Nayak, S.K.; Nayak, T.K.; Neumaier, S.; Nianine, A.; Nikitine, V.; Nikolaev, S.; Nilsson, P.; Nishimura, S.; Nomokonov, P.; Nystrand, J.; Obenshain, F.E.; Oskarsson, A.; Otterlund, I.; Pachr, M.; Parfenov, A.; Pavliouk, S.; Petracek, V.; Plasil, F.; Pinganaud, W.; Purschke, M.L.; Raeven, B.; Rak, J.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ramamurthy, V.S.; Rao, N.K.; Retiere, F.; Reygers, K.; Roland, G.; Rosselet, L.; Roufanov, I.; Roy, C.; Rubio, J.M.; Sako, H.; Sambyal, S.S.; Santo, R.; Sato, S.; Schlagheck, H.; Schmidt, H.-R.; Schutz, Y.; Shabratova, G.; Shah, T.H.; Sibiriak, I.; Siemiarczuk, T.; Silvermyr, D.; Sinha, B.C.; Slavine, N.; Soederstroem, K. [and others

1999-12-27

34

Singular vectors of the $WA_2$ algebra  

OpenAIRE

The null vectors of an arbitrary highest weight representation of the $WA_2$ algebra are constructed. Using an extension of the enveloping algebra by allowing complex powers of one of the generators, analysed by Kent for the Virasoro theory, we generate all the singular vectors indicated by the Kac determinant. We prove that the singular vectors with given weights are unique up to normalisation and consider the case when $W_0$ is not diagonalisable among the singular vectors.

Bajnok, Z.

1994-01-01

35

Evaluation of water-quality characteristics of part of the Spokane Aquifer, Washington and Idaho, using a solute-transport digital model  

Science.gov (United States)

The principal dissolved constituents in water in the Spokane aquifer are calcium and bicarbonate. These constituents (as well as dissolved solids, hardness, and magnesium) each correlate well with specific conductance, whereas chloride, sodium, and nitrate each do not. Specific conductance ranges from 73 to 820 micromhos per centimeter throughout the study area. Short-term variations in water quality in the Spokane aquifer are generally greater than long-term variations. Vertical variations in concentration of chemical constituents occurred in four of 15 wells used to sample the upper 50 feet of the aquifer along several cross sections. Changes in water quality from one cross section to another could not be directly related to land-use activities. A digital model was developed and used to simulate solute transport of conservative ions in the Spokane aquifer. Specifically, the model was used to estimate the impact of the chloride ion from recharge through septic tanks and from irrigation on the water quality of the aquifer. Analysis shows that the estimated impact on the aquifer from these two source loadings was less than a 1-milligram-per-liter increase throughout approximately 80 percent of the aquifer, but increases averaging about 3 milligrams per liter occurred in some peripheral areas. Various water-quality-management schemes based on manmade or natural stresses can be tested with the model.

Vaccaro, J.J.; Bolke, E.L.

1983-01-01

36

J3-crystallin of the jellyfish lens: similarity to saposins.  

Science.gov (United States)

J3-crystallin, one of the three major eye-lens proteins of the cubomedusan jellyfish (Tripedalia cystophora), shows similarity to vertebrate saposins, which are multifunctional proteins that bridge lysosomal hydrolases to lipids and activate enzyme activity. Sequence alignment of deduced J3-crystallin indicates two saposin-like motifs arranged in tandem, each containing six cysteines characteristic of this protein family. The J3-crystallin cDNA encodes a putative precursor analogous to vertebrate prosaposins. The J3-crystallin gene has seven exons, with exons 2-4 encoding the protein. Exon 3 encodes a circularly permutated saposin motif, called a swaposin, found in plant aspartic proteases. J3-crystallin RNA was found in the cubomedusan lens, statocyst, in bands radiating from the pigmented region of the ocellus, in the tentacle tip by in situ hybridization, and in the embryo and larva by reverse transcription-PCR. Our data suggest a crystallin role for the multifunctional saposin protein family in the jellyfish lens. This finding extends the gene sharing evolutionary strategy for lens crystallins to the cnidarians and indicates that the putative primordial saposin/swaposin J3-crystallin reflects both the chaperone and enzyme connections of the vertebrate crystallins. PMID:11675486

Piatigorsky, J; Norman, B; Dishaw, L J; Kos, L; Horwitz, J; Steinbach, P J; Kozmik, Z

2001-10-23

37

33 CFR 165.1308 - Columbia River, Vancouver, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

...false Columbia River, Vancouver, WA. 165.1308...SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY...1308 Columbia River, Vancouver, WA. (a) Location...the Columbia River at Vancouver, Washington, bounded by a line commencing...by the Captain of the Port, Portland,...

2010-07-01

38

33 CFR 165.1306 - Lake Union, Seattle, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lake Union, Seattle, WA. 165.1306 Section...Coast Guard District § 165.1306 Lake Union, Seattle, WA. (a) Location. ...zone: All portions of the waters of Lake Union bounded by the following coordinates: Latitude...

2010-07-01

39

The exploration and the U'wa  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The document analyzes the different actions taken to harmonize the oil development without impacting the customs of the indigenous communities; like it is the case of the community U'wa in Colombia, where conflicts were generated in the relationship that the oil companies, that which led during some years to the suspension of the activity and the postponement of exploratory projects until the achievement of an understanding that has looked for to harmonize the rights clearly based in the Colombian constitution, according to which the state has right to the property of the underground and its exploitation in benefit of the whole nation, and the indigenous towns that are entitled to the protection of its cultural, social and economic integrity

40

EPCGen2 Pseudorandom Number Generators: Analysis of J3Gen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper analyzes the cryptographic security of J3Gen, a promising pseudo random number generator for low-cost passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID tags. Although J3Gen has been shown to fulfill the randomness criteria set by the EPCglobal Gen2 standard and is intended for security applications, we describe here two cryptanalytic attacks that question its security claims: (i a probabilistic attack based on solving linear equation systems; and (ii a deterministic attack based on the decimation of the output sequence. Numerical results, supported by simulations, show that for the specific recommended values of the configurable parameters, a low number of intercepted output bits are enough to break J3Gen. We then make some recommendations that address these issues.

Alberto Peinado

2014-04-01

41

EPCGen2 pseudorandom number generators: analysis of J3Gen.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper analyzes the cryptographic security of J3Gen, a promising pseudo random number generator for low-cost passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags. Although J3Gen has been shown to fulfill the randomness criteria set by the EPCglobal Gen2 standard and is intended for security applications, we describe here two cryptanalytic attacks that question its security claims: (i) a probabilistic attack based on solving linear equation systems; and (ii) a deterministic attack based on the decimation of the output sequence. Numerical results, supported by simulations, show that for the specific recommended values of the configurable parameters, a low number of intercepted output bits are enough to break J3Gen. We then make some recommendations that address these issues. PMID:24721767

Peinado, Alberto; Munilla, Jorge; Fúster-Sabater, Amparo

2014-01-01

42

Raimo Pullat kohtus Lech Wa?esaga / Harda Roosna  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Tallinna Ülikooli emeriitprofessor Raimo Pullat kohtus Poola ekspresidendi Lech Wa?esaga Gdanski tehnikakõrgkooli 110. aastapäeva pidustustel, kuhu ta oli kutsutud kui peatselt valmiva teose "Värav tulevikku. Ganzigi Tehnikakõrgkool Eesti haritlaskonna kujunemisloos 1904-1939" autor

Roosna, Harda, 1956-

2014-01-01

43

Preparation (in Hall 168)of the WA1 apparatus.  

CERN Multimedia

The neutrino experiment WA1 at the SPS consists of 19 modules of magnetized iron in which layers of scintillators are inserted. Drift chambers placed between the modules will complete the detector. On the left, Peter Schilly

1976-01-01

44

77 FR 14586 - Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement; Kittitas County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...WA AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA...prepared for a proposed design change to an interstate highway improvement project...Keechelus Lake proposes a design change that meets the purpose and need for the highway improvements...

2012-03-12

45

Spokane NTMS 10 x 20 quadrangle area, Washington-Idaho-Montana. Supplemental data report: National Uranium Resource Evaluation program, hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Supplemental analytical results for stram sediments, ground water, and surface water are presented. The samples were collected as part of the SRL-NURE reconnaissance in the National Topographic Map Series (NTMS) Spokane 10 x 20 quadrangle. Results are reported for 23 elements (Ag, As, Ba, Be, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, K, Li, Mg, Mo, Nb, Ni, P, Pb, Se, Sn, Sr, W, Y, Zn, and extractable U) in sediments and 31 elements (Ag, Al, As, B, Ba, Be, Ca, Ce, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Nb, Ni, P, Sc, Se, Si, Sr, Th, Ti, V, Y, Zn, and Zr) in waters. Field data and Neutron Activation Analyses for uranium and 16 other elements in sediments and for uranium and nine other elements in water have been open-filed in SRL document DPST-80-146-15

46

Effects of dietary supplementation of probiotic Shewanella colwelliana WA64, Shewanella olleyana WA65 on the innate immunity and disease resistance of abalone, Haliotis discus hannai Ino.  

Science.gov (United States)

The effects of dietary administration of two probiotics, Shewanella colwelliana WA64 and Shewanella olleyana WA65, on the innate immunity of abalone (Haliotis discus hannai Ino), and survival of juvenile abalone challenged with Vibrio harveyi have been studied. Two groups of abalone were fed with three different diets: one control, and two diets supplemented with 10(9) cell g(-1) of probiotic WA64 (WA64 diet) and WA65 (WA65 diet) for up to four weeks. Results showed that abalone fed diets containing S. colwelliana WA64 and S. olleyana WA65 had led to an enhanced cellular and humoral immune response, notably higher haemocytes, respiratory burst activity, serum lysozyme activity and total protein levels were recorded after one week of probiotic administration. On the other hand, mortality after the challenges with V. harveyi in the group fed with control diet ranged from 77 to 80%, while mortality rates observed in the groups fed with diets supplemented with WA64 and WA65 ranged from 27 to 50% and 30-43%, respectively. The results demonstrated potential for S. colwelliana WA64 and S. olleyana WA65 to improve innate immunity and disease resistance in H. discus hannai. PMID:23602848

Jiang, Hai-Feng; Liu, Xiao-Lin; Chang, Ya-Qing; Liu, Ming-Tai; Wang, Gao-Xue

2013-07-01

47

View of the WA10 set-up  

CERN Multimedia

The WA10 experiment by the Geneva-Lausanne Collaboration was set-up in the H5 beam (unseparated, up to 50 GeV/c) to study K+-p --> K0pi+-p and other reactions of similar topology, and the energy dependence of resonance production.

1977-01-01

48

77 FR 54805 - Revocation of Jet Route J-528; WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...RIN 2120-AA66 Revocation of Jet Route J-528; WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...SUMMARY: This action removes Jet Route J-528 because the route is too short to serve...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background Jet Route J-528 is currently depicted on United...

2012-09-06

49

75 FR 14467 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Pierce College District, Lakewood, WA, and Thomas Burke Memorial...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Inventory Completion: Pierce College District, Lakewood, WA, and Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington...District, Lakewood, WA, and in the physical custody of the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum),...

2010-03-25

50

76 FR 73664 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA AGENCY: National Park...Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology (WSU) has completed an inventory...Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA 99164-4910,...

2011-11-29

51

75 FR 14463 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA. The human remains...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology and Burke Museum staff in...

2010-03-25

52

75 FR 81641 - Odessa Subarea Special Study; Adams, Franklin, Grant, and Lincoln Counties, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...INT-DES 10-54] Odessa Subarea Special Study; Adams, Franklin, Grant, and Lincoln Counties, WA AGENCY: Bureau of Reclamation...Mid-Columbia Library, Basin City, WA 99343. Benton-Franklin County Regional Law Library, Columbia Basin College, L...

2010-12-28

53

77 FR 35850 - Safety Zone; F/V Deep Sea, Penn Cove, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1625-AA00 Safety Zone; F/V Deep Sea, Penn Cove, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...Vessel (F/V) Deep Sea, located in Penn Cove, WA. This action is necessary to...public and response vessels in or around Penn Cove, WA, from hazards created by a...

2012-06-15

54

Flexible Software Design for Korean WA-DGNSS Reference Station  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, we describe the software design results of WA-DGNSS reference station that will be constructed in Korea in the near future. Software design of the WRS (Wide area Reference Station) is carried out by applying object oriented software methodology in order to provide flexibilities: easy of model change (namely ionospheric delay model etc) and system addition (Galileo, GLONASS in addition to GPS etc). Software design results include the use case diagrams for the functions to be exe...

Wan Sik Choi; Sayed Chhattan Shah; Joong Eup Kye; Woo Yong Han; Yun, H.; Changdon Kee

2013-01-01

55

Korean WA-DGNSS User Segment Software Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Korean WA-DGNSS is a large scale research project funded by Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs Korea. It aims to augment the Global Navigation Satellite System by broadcasting additional signals from geostationary satellites and providing differential correction messages and integrity data for the GNSS satellites. The project is being carried out by a consortium of universities and research institutes. The research team at Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute is involved in design and development of data processing softwares for wide area reference station and user segment. This paper focuses on user segment software design. Korean WA-DGNSS user segment software is designed to perform several functions such as calculation of pseudorange, ionosphere and troposphere delays, application of fast and slow correction messages, and data verification. It is based on a layered architecture that provides a model to develop flexible and reusable software and is divided into several independent, interchangeable and reusable components to reduce complexity and maintenance cost. The current version is designed to collect and process GPS and WA-DGNSS data however it is flexible to accommodate future GNSS systems such as GLONASS and Galileo.

Sayed Chhattan Shah

2013-03-01

56

Weapon system simulation in flight (WaSiF)  

Science.gov (United States)

The research and technology demonstration program was co-funded by the Ministries of Defence of five European countries under the framework of the "EUropean Cooperation for the Long term in Defence" (EUCLID) MoU to include Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Portugal and Turkey with considerable financial contribution from the industrial entities. EADS Military Aircraft Munich has led a team of seven industries and research centers, including Aermacchi of Italy, DutchSpace and NLR of The Netherlands, OGMA and INETI of Portugal and Marmara Research Center of Turkey. The purpose of the project was the design, realization and demonstration of an embedded real time simulation system allowing the combat training of operational aircrew in a virtual air defence scenario and threat environment against computer generated forces in the air and on the ground while flying on a real aircraft. The simulated scenario is focused on air-to-air beyond visual range engagements of fighter aircraft. WaSiF represents one of the first demonstrations of an advanced embedded real time training system onboard a fighter/training aircraft. The system is integrated onboard the MB339CX aircraft. The overall flight test activity covered a wide variety of test conditions for a total of 21 test flights; the operational airborne time of the WaSiF amounted to nearly 18 hours. The demonstration and evaluation were quite positive; the five-nation aircrew was very fond of their first encounter with the virtual world in the military flight training. A common view and approach towards Network Centric Warfare is but emerging. WaSiF in a future networked configuration holds lots of promise to serve the needs of Integrated Air Defence: Common training in a virtual environment.

Bartoldus, Klaus H.

2005-05-01

57

Flexible Software Design for Korean WA-DGNSS Reference Station  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, we describe the software design results of WA-DGNSS reference station that will be constructed in Korea in the near future. Software design of the WRS (Wide area Reference Station is carried out by applying object oriented software methodology in order to provide flexibilities: easy of model change (namely ionospheric delay model etc and system addition (Galileo, GLONASS in addition to GPS etc. Software design results include the use case diagrams for the functions to be executed, the architecture diagram showing components and their relationships, the activity diagrams of behaviors and models among them, and class diagrams describing the attribute and operation.

Wan Sik Choi

2013-03-01

58

Draft Genome Sequence of a Xylanase-Producing Bacterial Strain, Cellvibrio mixtus J3-8.  

Science.gov (United States)

The xylanase-producing bacterial strain Cellvibrio mixtus J3-8 was isolated from grassland giant snails. The draft genome of strain J3-8 comprises 5,171,890 bp in 152 contigs with a G+C content of 46.66%. This is the first genome report about this bacterial species. PMID:25502674

Wu, Yi-Rui; Lin, Bokun; Yu, Yuli

2014-01-01

59

Nutrient value protein of mutant J3 of agaricus blazei by irradiation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The studies of nutrient value protein of mutant J3 of Agaricus blazei were carried out. The results showed that mutant J3 had 9 kinds of essential amino acids, the compositions of essential amino acids is 46.0% of total amino acids. The amino acid score is 94.5, the essential amino acid index is 92.4, biological value is 89.0, the ratio coefficient of amino acids is 72.3, the nutrient value is 32.5. The chemical score is 74.18. These results proved that the protein of mutant J3 had high nutrient value

60

Annual trace-metal load estimates and flow-weighted concentrations of cadmium, lead, and zinc in the Spokane River basin, Idaho and Washington, 1999-2004  

Science.gov (United States)

Streamflow and trace-metal concentration data collected at 10 locations in the Spokane River basin of northern Idaho and eastern Washington during 1999-2004 were used as input for the U.S. Geological Survey software, LOADEST, to estimate annual loads and mean flow-weighted concentrations of total and dissolved cadmium, lead, and zinc. Cadmium composed less than 1 percent of the total metal load at all stations; lead constituted from 6 to 42 percent of the total load at stations upstream from Coeur d'Alene Lake and from 2 to 4 percent at stations downstream of the lake. Zinc composed more than 90 percent of the total metal load at 6 of the 10 stations examined in this study. Trace-metal loads were lowest at the station on Pine Creek below Amy Gulch, where the mean annual total cadmium load for 1999-2004 was 39 kilograms per year (kg/yr), the mean estimated total lead load was about 1,700 kg/yr, and the mean annual total zinc load was 14,000 kg/yr. The trace-metal loads at stations on North Fork Coeur d'Alene River at Enaville, Ninemile Creek, and Canyon Creek also were relatively low. Trace-metal loads were highest at the station at Coeur d'Alene River near Harrison. The mean annual total cadmium load was 3,400 kg/yr, the mean total lead load was 240,000 kg/yr, and the mean total zinc load was 510,000 kg/yr for 1999-2004. Trace-metal loads at the station at South Fork Coeur d'Alene River near Pinehurst and the three stations on the Spokane River downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake also were relatively high. Differences in metal loads, particularly lead, between stations upstream and downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake likely are due to trapping and retention of metals in lakebed sediments. LOADEST software was used to estimate loads for water years 1999-2001 for many of the same sites discussed in this report. Overall, results from this study and those from a previous study are in good agreement. Observed differences between the two studies are attributable to streamflow differences in the two regression models, 1999-2001 and 1999-2004. Flow-weighted concentrations (FWCs) calculated from the estimated loads for 1999-2004 were examined to aid interpretation of metal load estimates, which were influenced by large spatial and temporal variations in streamflow. FWCs of total cadmium ranged from 0.04 micrograms per liter (?g/L) at Enaville to 14 ?g/L at Ninemile Creek. Total lead FWCs were lowest at Long Lake (1.3 ?g/L) and highest at Ninemile Creek (120 ?g/L). Elevated total lead FWCs at Harrison confirmed that the high total lead loads at this station were not simply due to higher streamflow. Conversely, relatively low total lead loads combined with high total lead FWCs at Ninemile and Canyon Creeks reflected low streamflow but high concentrations of total lead. Very low total lead FWCs (1.3 to 2.7 ?g/L) at the stations downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake are a result both of deposition of lead-laden sediments in the lake and dilution by additional streamflow. Total zinc FWCs also demonstrated the effect of streamflow on load calculations, and highlighted source areas for zinc in the basin. Total zinc FWCs at Canyon and Ninemile Creeks, 1,600 ?g/L and 2,200 ?g/L, respectively, were by far the highest in the basin but contributed among the lowest total zinc loads due to their relatively low streamflow. Total zinc FWCs ranged from 38 to 67 ?g/L at stations downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake, but total zinc load estimates at these stations were relatively high because of high mean streamflow compared to other stations in the basin. Long-term regression models for 1991 to 2003 or 2004 were developed and annual trace-metal loads and FWCs were estimated for Pinehurst, Enaville, Harrison, and Post Falls to better understand the variability of metal loading with time. Long-term load estimates are similar to the results for 1999-2004 in terms of spatial distribution of metal loads throughout the basin. LOADEST results for 1991-2004 indicated that statistically significant downward temporal trends for dissolved and total cadmium, dissolved zinc,

Donato, Mary M.

2006-01-01

61

Contemporary "Hoisan-wa" Language Maintenance in Northern California: Evidence from Fourteen Frog Story Narratives  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores uninvestigated issues in Cantonese and "Hoisan-wa" language maintenance from an ethnic Chinese diaspora point of view. Data come from a larger study looking at Frog Story narratives from 140 Cantonese-English bilingual children in California. Fourteen of these children were found to display uniquely "Hoisan-wa" phonology and…

Leung, Genevieve

2012-01-01

62

33 CFR 165.1302 - Bangor Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 false Bangor Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, WA. 165.1302 Section...District § 165.1302 Bangor Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, WA. (a) Location...Vessels that are performing work at Naval Submarine Base Bangor pursuant to a...

2010-07-01

63

J3Gen: a PRNG for low-cost passive RFID.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pseudorandom number generation (PRNG) is the main security tool in low-cost passive radio-frequency identification (RFID) technologies, such as EPC Gen2. We present a lightweight PRNG design for low-cost passive RFID tags, named J3Gen. J3Gen is based on a linear feedback shift register (LFSR) configured with multiple feedback polynomials. The polynomials are alternated during the generation of sequences via a physical source of randomness. J3Gen successfully handles the inherent linearity of LFSR based PRNGs and satisfies the statistical requirements imposed by the EPC Gen2 standard. A hardware implementation of J3Gen is presented and evaluated with regard to different design parameters, defining the key-equivalence security and nonlinearity of the design. The results of a SPICE simulation confirm the power-consumption suitability of the proposal. PMID:23519344

Melià-Seguí, Joan; Garcia-Alfaro, Joaquin; Herrera-Joancomartí, Jordi

2013-01-01

64

J3Gen: A PRNG for Low-Cost Passive RFID  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pseudorandom number generation (PRNG is the main security tool in low-cost passive radio-frequency identification (RFID technologies, such as EPC Gen2. We present a lightweight PRNG design for low-cost passive RFID tags, named J3Gen. J3Gen is based on a linear feedback shift register (LFSR configured with multiple feedback polynomials. The polynomials are alternated during the generation of sequences via a physical source of randomness. J3Gen successfully handles the inherent linearity of LFSR based PRNGs and satisfies the statistical requirements imposed by the EPC Gen2 standard. A hardware implementation of J3Gen is presented and evaluated with regard to different design parameters, defining the key-equivalence security and nonlinearity of the design. The results of a SPICE simulation confirm the power-consumption suitability of the proposal.

Jordi Herrera-Joancomartí

2013-03-01

65

FSXLIB-J3: MCNP continuous energy cross section library based on JENDL-3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The general purpose evaluated nuclear data file, JENDL-3, which was newly evaluated at Japan was released to apply the fusion reactor area and so on. The MCNP continuous energy cross section library, FSXLIB-J3, has been prepared from JENDL-3 for the fusion neutronics application. The FSXLIB-J3 library was produced by the nuclear data processing system, NJOY, and the library compiling and confirming code for the MCNP library, MACROS. The confidence of this library was established by the comparison and comfirmation between original JENDL-3 and the cross section data in library. This report describes the format of MCNP cross section library, the production procedure of FSXLIB-J3, the usage of the MACROS code and the confirmation of FSXLIB-J3. (author)

66

WaVPeak: Picking NMR peaks through wavelet-based smoothing and volume-based filtering  

KAUST Repository

Motivation: Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has been widely used as a powerful tool to determine the 3D structures of proteins in vivo. However, the post-spectra processing stage of NMR structure determination usually involves a tremendous amount of time and expert knowledge, which includes peak picking, chemical shift assignment and structure calculation steps. Detecting accurate peaks from the NMR spectra is a prerequisite for all following steps, and thus remains a key problem in automatic NMR structure determination. Results: We introduce WaVPeak, a fully automatic peak detection method. WaVPeak first smoothes the given NMR spectrum by wavelets. The peaks are then identified as the local maxima. The false positive peaks are filtered out efficiently by considering the volume of the peaks. WaVPeak has two major advantages over the state-of-the-art peak-picking methods. First, through wavelet-based smoothing, WaVPeak does not eliminate any data point in the spectra. Therefore, WaVPeak is able to detect weak peaks that are embedded in the noise level. NMR spectroscopists need the most help isolating these weak peaks. Second, WaVPeak estimates the volume of the peaks to filter the false positives. This is more reliable than intensity-based filters that are widely used in existing methods. We evaluate the performance of WaVPeak on the benchmark set proposed by PICKY (Alipanahi et al., 2009), one of the most accurate methods in the literature. The dataset comprises 32 2D and 3D spectra from eight different proteins. Experimental results demonstrate that WaVPeak achieves an average of 96%, 91%, 88%, 76% and 85% recall on 15N-HSQC, HNCO, HNCA, HNCACB and CBCA(CO)NH, respectively. When the same number of peaks are considered, WaVPeak significantly outperforms PICKY. The Author(s) 2012. Published by Oxford University Press.

Liu, Zhi

2012-02-10

67

The Use of Wa’Dan in Islamic Contract FX Forward: Weighting between Maslahah and Mafsadah  

OpenAIRE

Islamic foreign exchange forward contract widely use the principle of wa’d in order to fulfil the need of hedging. The contract is an alternative solution to conventional forward contract, whereby one party will promise to the other party to exchange currency at an agreed rate for a future date. The adaptation of wa’d (unilateral promise) or wa’dan (two unilateral promise) is seen as an exit mechanism or makharij to the impermissible conventional derivatives contract. Some opined that i...

Azlin Alisa Ahmad; Salmy Edawati Yaacob; Mat Noor Mat Zain

2014-01-01

68

Concept and status of the WA-350 reprocessing plant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The concept of a nuclear back end fuel cycle center, which provided for the physical combination on the site of the repository of all facilities necessary for the required waste management steps, has given way, as a result of the decision of the heads of the Federal and State Governments, to the integrated waste management concept, a closed system for the interim storage of spent fuel, its reprocessing, fuel recycling, and the treatment and final storage of the wastes. Compared with the back end fuel cycle center, the present concept implies a reduction in the capacity of the reprocessing plant from 1400 te/a to a throughput of only 350 te/a. Permits have been applied for with respect to this WA-350 plant for one site each in Bavaria and Lower Saxony. The decision about a first partial construction permit is expected to be made in early 1985; first hot commissioning is planned for 1992. Major modifications over the earlier concept are the dry fuel element storage system of the present design, vitrification by the PAMELA process, and precipitation of the uranium-plutonium mixed oxide by the AUPuC process. Another modification, which is just as important, is the change in maintenance strategy, which will now adopt a remote handling modular concept in the high and medium level process sections. (orig.)

69

$J$ functions for the process ud$\\to$WA  

CERN Document Server

In this paper we present a description of the universal approach for analytic calculations for a certain class of $J$ functions for six topologies of the boxes for process $ud\\rightarrow WA$. These functions $J$ arise at the reduction of infrared divergent box diagrams. The standard Passarino--Veltman reduction of four-point box diagram with an internal photon line connecting two external lines on the mass shell leads to infrared-divergent and mass-singular $D_0$ functions. In the system SANC a systematic procedure is adopted to separate both types of singularities into the simplest objects, namely $C_0$ functions. % The infrared divergences of $C_0$'s can be regularized then by any method: %photon mass, dimensionally or by the width of an unstable particle. The functions $J$, in turn, are represented as certain linear combinations of the standard $D_0$ and $C_0$ functions. The former are free of both types of singularities and are expressed as explicit and compact linear combinations of dilogarithm functions...

Bardin, D; Uglov, E; von Schlippe, W

2014-01-01

70

Calendario reproductivo en mujeres indígenas u'wa (tunebo) de Boyacá, Colombia / Reproductive schedule (timing) of u'wa (tunebo) indian women of Boyacá, Colombia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio es presentar los resultados de un proyecto de investigación realizado en comunidades u'wa (tunebo), en Boyacá, Colombia. Específicamente se buscó caracterizar aspectos de la fecundidad de las mujeres u'wa en lo concerniente al calendario reproductivo (timing), cuáles son [...] las edades de la menarquía de entrada a la unión conyugal, de la primera gestación, del primer parto, así como los intervalos intergenésicos y la lactancia. La metodología incluyó el levantamiento de 115 historias reproductivas y de nacimientos, obtenidas a través de visitas en los domicilios en aldeas representativas de los pueblos indígenas u'wa, en 2003, 2004, 2005 y 2006; 50 días en campo en total. Los datos censales fueron dispuestos por el Hospital del municipio de Cubará que atiende a los u'wa. En cuanto a los resultados, las edades medias fueron, de la menarquía 13 años, de la entrada en la primera unión y del nacimiento del primer hijo, respectivamente, 16.4 e 18.1 años. Las mujeres u'wa presentan un intervalo intergenésico medio de 20.6 meses, la media de amamantación fue 24.3 meses, 78.1 por ciento de las mujeres amamantaron a los hijos de 12 a 35 meses, lo cual favorece la salud de los niños. El nivel de escolaridad es bajo en las mujeres, la mayoría no tiene estudio. Se caracterizó el calendario reproductivo y se comparó con resultados de otros estudios en pueblos indígenas. Los resultados se discuten a la luz de los determinantes próximos de la fecundidad y de la etnología u'wa. Abstract in english The purpose of this study is to present the result of a research project performed in u'wa (Tunebo) communities in Boyaca, Colombia. Specifically, we tried to characterize some fertility aspects of u'wa women relating to their reproductive schedule (timing), their menarche ages, their conjugal ages, [...] their first pregnancy ages, their first birth ages, as well as the interval between pregnancies and breastfeeding times. The methodology included the survey of 115 reproductive and birth histories obtained through domiciliary visits of small u'wa villages in 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006 (50 days of field work total). The census was provided by Cubara's Municipal Hospital, which attends U'wa people. In connection with the results, the measured ages were: menarche, 13 years old, first union or conjugal union and first child birth, 16.4 and 18.1 respectively. The average time between pregnancies was 20,6 months, and the average for breastfeeding was 24.3 months; 78.1 per cent of u'wa women breastfeeding from 12 to 35 months, which benefits children's health. The education level in women is low; most of them did not attend school. The reproductive schedule (timing) was characterized and compared to other studies of indian communities. The results are discussed in light of the fertility next determinants and U'wa ethnology indicators.

María Mercedes, Arias-Valencia.

2013-03-01

71

ASTE CO J = 3-2 SURVEY OF THE GALACTIC CENTER  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present high-resolution CO J = 3-2 maps of the Galactic center region, taken with the ASTE 10 m telescope. We have collected approximately 30,000 spectra with a 34'' grid spacing. The mapping area is roughly -1.{sup 0}8 < l < +3.{sup 0}5 and -0.{sup 0}8 < b < +0.{sup 0}9, which includes the central molecular zone and Bania's Clump 2, covering almost the full extent of the molecular gas concentration in the Galactic center. These CO J = 3-2 images show a behavior similar to the CO J = 1-0 images with the same resolution. Molecular gas in the Galactic center shows a higher J = 3-2/J = 1-0 intensity ratio ({approx}0.7) than the gas in the spiral arms in the Galactic disk ({approx}0.4). The CO J = 3-2/CO J = 1-0 luminosity ratio is 0.71. We see several regions with very high J = 3-2/J = 1-0 intensity ratios exceeding 1.5, including the Sgr A, l = +1.{sup 0}3, l = -0.{sup 0}4, and l = -1.{sup 0}2 regions. A number of small spots of high ratio gas are also found. Many of them have large velocity widths, indicating that they are spots of hot molecular gas shocked by unidentified supernovae and/or winds from massive stars.

Oka, Tomoharu; Onodera, Yui; Tanaka, Kunihiko; Matsumura, Shinji [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 223-8522 (Japan); Nagai, Makoto [Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies (IPNS), High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan); Kamegai, Kazuhisa, E-mail: tomo@phys.keio.ac.jp [Department of Industrial Administration, Faculty of Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science, 2641 Yamazaki, Noda, Chiba 278-8510 (Japan)

2012-08-01

72

77 FR 51563 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2012-08-24

73

78 FR 22286 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. If no additional requestors...

2013-04-15

74

78 FR 5200 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-01-24

75

78 FR 5201 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-01-24

76

78 FR 19297 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-03-29

77

78 FR 25471 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-05-01

78

78 FR 5198 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-01-24

79

78 FR 11673 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-02-19

80

78 FR 19298 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-03-29

81

77 FR 27085 - TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, WA; Notice of Negative Determination...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Administration [TA-W-80,454] TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, WA; Notice of Negative Determination...workers and former workers of TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, Washington (subject firm)....

2012-05-08

82

76 FR 20707 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Reclamation [INT-FES 11-02] Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA AGENCY...Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) for the Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction...

2011-04-13

83

75 FR 23804 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Assistant Superintendent, Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum...Beth Bestrom, Museum Curator, Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum...253) 841-8748, 309 4th St. NE, Puyallup, WA 98372...claimants come forward. The Paul H. Karshner Memorial...

2010-05-04

84

Peculiarities occurrence and microstrip gas chambers studied through experiment WA97  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents the studies on development of a Monte-Carlo type generator used for inclusive production of odd baryons and antibaryons through proton- proton and proton- nucleus collisions. Experiment WA97 consisted in designing simulation software for MSGCs (Micro-strips Gas Chambers) as well as the redefining of particle paths with the help of these chambers. This work made it possible to design the MSGC detector for experiment WA97. (TEC). 71 refs., 88 figs

85

North Cascades, WA: The Collapse of a Continental Magmatic Arc  

Science.gov (United States)

The North Cascades metamorphic core represents an exhumed Cretaceous to Paleogene continental magmatic arc at the southern terminus of the Coast Plutonic Complex. The core is predominantly accreted oceanic and arc terranes variably metamorphosed at amphibolite to granulite facies and intruded by 96 to 45 Ma arc-related plutons. The region underwent Late Cretaceous contraction and crustal thickening, dextral transpression from 73 to 55 Ma, and finally transtension after 55 Ma. Geochronology, thermochronology, and detailed structural mapping reveal the Skagit Gneiss core of the North Cascades resembles a metamorphic core complex. Rapid rates of exhumation, abundant indicators of ductile lower crustal movement, bounding faults with oblique-normal slip histories, and roughly coeval adjacent basins are comparable to classic core complexes. The domal structure of the Skagit Gneiss, as well as its migmatite core and the high-grade meta- sediments it includes, also highlight its similarity to gneiss domes. East of the North Cascades, a belt of core complexes and gneiss domes including the Shuswap Complex, Southern BC, and the Okanogan-Kettle Complex, eastern WA, has received extensive study, but until now the Cascades themselves have not been considered as such. New U-Pb zircon dates from orthogneiss sheets and the youngest deformed arc plutons suggest protracted residence and ductile strain in the middle crust until ca 50 Ma, followed by rapid tectonic denudation and the subsidence of two proximal, in part contemporaneous continental basins. In order to accurately characterize the Skagit Gneiss complex, three E-W transects were chosen to represent the full spectrum of lithologies and chronologies. We are characterizing the nature and timing of strain and juxtaposition with higher structural levels in each. Precise dates of abundant air fall tuffs in the basins will constrain the time of basin initiation and subsidence rates, as well as calibrate the rich fossil record of continental flora and fauna. Collectively, these data will be integrated to develop and test tectonic models of arc magmatism and extensional collapse.

McLean, N. M.; Bowring, S. A.; Miller, R.; Whitney, D.; Gordon, S.

2006-12-01

86

A study of Ca 4p1/2,3/2nd (J = 3) autoionizing states  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The spectral properties of Ca 4pnd (J = 3) autoionizing states have been studied by employing the combination of multichannel quantum defect theory (MQDT) with the K-matrix method. The cross section of 4p3/215d excited from 4s15d and energy levels of 4pnd (J = 3) are calculated by using a theoretical model with more complete channels, and the configuration interaction is analysed in detail between 4p1/2nd, 4p3/2nd3/2,5/2 and 4p1/2,3/2ng of five Rydberg series

87

40 CFR Appendix B to Part 300 - National Priorities List  

Science.gov (United States)

... NYNiagara Mohawk Power Co (Saratoga Spings...PlumeOdessaTX French, LtdCrosbyC ...County.UTUtah Power & Light/American Barrel...Moses LakeWA North Market StreetSpokaneWA...Ashland/Northern States Power Lakefront...

2010-07-01

88

JOYO MK-II core characteristics database. Update to JFS-3-J3.2R  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 'JOYO' MK-II core characteristics database was compiled and published in 1998. Comments and requests from many users led to the creation of a revised edition in 2001. The revisions include changes to the MAGI calculation code system to use the 70 group JFS-3-J3.2 constant set processed from the JENDL-3.2 library. However, after the database was published, it was recently found that there were errors in the process of making the group constant set JFS-3-J3.2, and it was revised at JFS-3-J3.2R. Then, the group constant set was updated at JFS-3-J3.2R in this database. The MK-II core management data nad core characteristics data were recorded on CD-ROM for user convenience. The structure of the database is the same as in the first edition. The 'Configuration Data' include the core arrangement and refueling record for each operational cycle. The 'Subassembly Library Data' include the atomic number density, neutron fluence, burn-up, integral power of 362 driver fuel subassemblies and 69 irradiation test subassemblies. The 'Output Data' contain the calculated neutron flux, gamma flux, power density, linear heat rate, coolant and fuel temperature distribution of all the fuel subassemblies at the beginning and end of each operational cycle. The 'Core Characteristics Data' include the measured excess reactivity, control rod worth calibration curve, and reactivity coefficients of temperature, power and burn-up. The effect of updating the group constant set, the calculation r the group constant set, the calculation results of excess reactivity decreased by about 0.15?k/kk', and the effects to other core characteristics were negligible. (author)

89

Quantum Phases of the Planar Antiferromagnetic J_1-J_2-J_3 Heisenberg-Model  

OpenAIRE

We present results of a complementary analysis of the frustrated planar J_1-J_2-J_3 spin-1/2 quantum-antiferromagnet. Using dynamical functional renormalization group, high-order coupled cluster calculations, and series expansion based on the flow equation method, we have calculated generalized momentum resolved susceptibilities, the ground state energy, the magnetic order parameter, and the elementary excitation gap. From these we determine a quantum phase diagram which sho...

Reuther, Johannes; Wo?lfle, Peter; Darradi, Rachid; Brenig, Wolfram; Arlego, Marcelo; Richter, Johannes

2010-01-01

90

J3 regulation of flowering time is mainly contributed by its activity in leaves  

OpenAIRE

Multiple genetic pathways coordinately determine the timing of the floral transition from vegetative to reproductive development in response to various endogenous and environmental signals. We have recently reported that a novel flowering promoter, DNAJ HOMOLOG 3 (J3), acts downstream of various floral pathways and mediates the transcriptional regulation of two floral pathway integrators, FLOWRING LOCUS T and SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1, through its interaction with a potent fl...

Shen, Lisha; Yu, Hao

2011-01-01

91

77 FR 58533 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the W.A. Parish Post...  

Science.gov (United States)

...at NRG's W.A. Parish Plant in Fort Bend County, Texas. The captured CO...880-acre W.A. Parish Plant in rural Fort Bend County near the small town of Thompsons...populated rural and agricultural lands in Fort Bend, Wharton, and Jackson...

2012-09-21

92

Cardioprotection of Shenfu preparata on cardiac myocytes through cytochrome P450 2J3  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether Shenfu injection (SFI protects against cardiac myocyte injury induced by Fupian injection (FPI in vitro.METHODS: H9c2 cells were separately treated with FPI, Renshen injection (RSI and SFI. Cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH release, spontaneous beating rate of primative cardical cells, caspase-3/7 activity, cell apoptosis, and cytochrome P450 2J3 (CYP2J3 mRNA expression were analyzed.RESULTS: The viability of H9c2 cells treated with SFI (37 and 75 mg/mL was significantly higher than that of H9c2 cells treated with FPI (25 and 50 mg/mL (P<0.05, P<0.01, respectively. LDH activity of H9c2 cells treated with SFI (75 mg/mL was significantly decreased (P<0.01 compared with that of H9c2 cells treated with FPI (50 mg/mL. SFI (150 mg/mL significantly attenuated FPI (100 mg/mL-induced spontaneous beating rate decrease in primary myocardial cells after 4-hour treatment. Compared with FPI (12 and 25 mg/mL, SFI (18 and 37 mg/mL treatment could effectively reverse the change of caspase-3/7 activity (P<0.01 and P<0.01, respectively. Compared with FPI (6 and 25 mg/mL, apoptotic cells decreased signi?cantly (P<0.05, P<0.01, respectively when H9c2 cells were incubated with SFI (9 and 37 mg/mL. The expression of CYP2J3 mRNA was down-regulated by FPI, while RSI and SFI could up-regulate the expression of CYP2J3 (P<0.01, which suggested the potential mechanism of protection of RSI against cardiac myocyte damage induced by FPI treatment.CONCLUSION: These observations indicate that SFI has the potential to exert cardioprotective effects against FPI toxicity. The effect was possibly correlated with the activation of CYP2J3.

Yong Xiao

2013-09-01

93

The Utility of the Lambert Function W[a exp(a - bt)] in Chemical Kinetics  

Science.gov (United States)

The mathematical Lambert function W[a exp(a - bt)] is used to find integrated rate laws for several examples, including simple enzyme and Lindemann-Christiansen-Hinshelwood (LCH) unimolecular decay kinetics. The results derived here for the well-known LCH mechanism as well as for a dimer-monomer reaction mechanism appear to be novel. A nonlinear…

Williams, Brian Wesley

2010-01-01

94

CONTROL: the run control program used on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The criteria are described which have been used in the design of CONTROL, a program in the WA62 VAX Native mode data acquisition system which serves the triple purpose of driving a status display, an operator's console and a message reporter. (U.K.)

95

Determination of the event centrality in the WA97 and NA57 experiments  

CERN Document Server

The procedure employed by the WA97 and NA57 experiments to determine the number of wounded nucleons in different Pb+Pb centrality classes is discussed. We will also compare different centrality scales and their influence on the measurement of the centrality dependence of strange particle yields. (14 refs).

Carrer, N; Badalà, A; Barbera, R; Beusch, Werner; Bloodworth, Ian J; Bruno, G; Caliandro, R; Campbell, M; Cantatore, E; Carena, W; De Haas, A P; Di Bari, D; Di Liberto, S; Divià, R; Elia, D; Evans, D; Fanebust, K; Fayazzadeh, F; Fedorisin, J; Feofilov, G A; Fini, R A; Ftácnik, J; Ghidini, B; Grella, G; Gulino, M; Helstrup, H; Henriquez, M; Holme, A K; Huss, D; Jacholkowski, A; Jones, G T; Jovanovic, P; Jusko, A; Kamermans, R; Kinson, J B; Klempt, W; Knudson, K; Kolojvari, A A; Kondratev, V A; Králik, I; Kuijer, P; Lenti, V; Lietava, R; Løvhøiden, G; Lupták, M; Manzari, V; Martinská, G; Mazzoni, M A; Meddi, F; Michalon, A; Michalon-Mentzer, M E; Morando, M; Muigg, D; Nappi, E; Navach, F; Norman, P I; Palmeri, A; Pappalardo, G S; Pastircák, B; Pisút, J; Pisútová, N; Posa, F; Quercigh, Emanuele; Riggi, F; Röhrich, D; Romano, G; Safarík, K; Sándor, L; Schillings, E; Segato, G F; Sené, M; Sené, R; Snoeys, W; Staroba, P; Thompson, M; Torrieri, G D; Tulina, T A; Turrisi, R; Tveter, T S; Urbán, J; Valiev, F F; Van den Brink, A; Van de Ven, P; Van de Vyvre, P; van Eijndhoven, N; Vannucci, Luigi; Vascotto, Alessandro; Vik, T; Villalobos Baillie, O; Vinogradov, L I; Virgili, T; Votruba, M F; Vrláková, J; Závada, P

2001-01-01

96

WA84 experiment: A beauty search with a scintillating-fibre microvertex detector  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper gives a review of the physics aims of the fixed-target experiment WA84, currently being conducted at CERN, and of the methods used. The operation and performance of the scintillating-fibre microvertex detector are described. (orig.)

97

WA 92: A fixed target experiment to study beauty in hadronic interactions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The essential feature of the described experimental techniques is the use of two specially designed pieces of hardware: A high precision 'decay detector ' and a fast secondary vertex trigger processor. Experiment WA92 should be able to obtain a sufficient data sample to measure lifetimes of B± and B0, and the B hadroproduction cross section. (orig.)

98

WA 92: A fixed target experiment to study beauty in hadronic interactions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The essential feature of the described experimental techniques is the use of two specially designed pieces of hardware: A high precision 'decay detector ' and a fast secondary vertex trigger processor. Experiment WA92 should be able to obtain a sufficient data sample to measure lifetimes of B[sup [+-

Adamovich, M.; Adinolfi, M.; Alexandrov, Y.; Angelini, C.; Antinori, F.; Bacci, C.; Barney, D.; Beusch, W.; Bruschini, C.; Cardarelli, R.; Cardini, A.; Casanova, V.; Ceradini, F.; Ciapetti, G.; Dameri, M.; Darbo, G.; Di Ciaccio, A.; Duane, A.; Dufey, J.P.; Fabre, J.P.; Flaminio, V.; Forino, A.; French, B.R.; Frenkel, A.; Gerasimov, S.; Gessaroli, R.; Harrison, K.; Hurst, R.; Jacholkowski, A.; Kharlamov, S.; Kirk, A.; Lacava, F.; Lassalle, J.C.; Malferrari, L.; Martellotti, G.; Martinengo, P.; Mazzanti, P.; McEwen, J.G.; Morrison, D.R.O.; Mechaeva, P.; Nisati, A.; Orestano, D.; Osculati, B.; Passaseo, M.; Penso, G.; Petrolo, E.; Pontecorvo, L.; Quareni, A.; Rhyzov, V.; Roda, C.; Rossi, L.; Salvo, C.; Santonico, R.; Schuler, G.; Tomasini, G.; Torelli, M.; Veneziao, S.; Verzocchi, M.; Viaggi, F.; Websdale, D.; Weymann, M.; Zanello, L.; Zaveryaev, M.

1992-06-01

99

[N01WA-735E, a human leukocyte elastase inhibitor from metabolites of microorganisms].  

Science.gov (United States)

Human leukocyte elastase is an important selection target of inflammation and cancer. In this paper, a high throughput screening model was established for screening human leukocyte elastase inhibitors from thousands of strains of actinomycetes. As a result, a strain, N01WA-735 with potent suppression activity was isolated. Firstly, the strain N01WA-735 was identified as Streptomyces according to morphology and biochemical analysis. The Streptomyces N01WA-735 was processed by solvent extraction, silica column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and crystallization to get a pure active compound named N01WA-735E. Its chemical structure was elucidated as the same as that of the compound named BE-52440A by physicochemical properties and spectral data of UV, MS, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR respectively. The compound showed a strong inhibitory activity against human leukocyte elastase with IC50 of 3.02 micromol/L. The compound is reported as a human leukocyte elastase inhibitor for the first time. PMID:18257246

Wei, Ya-Shan; Zhang, Hua; Lu, Xin-Hua; Dong, Yue-Sheng; Zhao, Bao-Hua

2007-11-01

100

Qi-Wa, a problem that has plagued Chinese scrolls for millenniums  

CERN Document Server

Qi-Wa refers to the up curl on the lengths of handscrolls and hanging scrolls, which has troubled Chinese artisans and emperors for as long as the art of painting and calligraphy exists. This warp is unwelcomed not only for aesthetic reasons, but its potential damage to the fiber and ink. Although it is generally treated as a part of the cockling and curling due to climate, mounting procedures, and conservation conditions, we emphasize that the intrinsic curvature incurred from the storage is in fact the main cause of Qi-Wa. The Qi-Wa height is determined by experiments to obey scaling relations with the length, width, curvature, and thickness of the scroll, which are supported by Molecular Dynamics Simulation and theoretic derivations. This understanding helps us come up with plausible remedies to mitigate Qi-Wa. All proposals are tested on real mounted paper and in simulations. Due to the general nature of this warp, we believe the lessons learnt from studying ancient Chinese scrolls can be applied to moder...

Chou, Ming-Han; Wang, Yi-Ping; Hong, Sun-Hsin; Hong, Tzay-Ming

2013-01-01

101

Water Accounting Plus (WA+ – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Coping with the issue of water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links hydrological flows to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+, which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. Analogous to financial accounting, WA+ presents four sheets including (i a resource base sheet, (ii a consumption sheet, (iii a productivity sheet, and (iv a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarize the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g. climate change and internal influences (e.g. infrastructure building can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used for 3 out of the 4 sheets, but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

D. Molden

2012-11-01

102

Water Accounting Plus (WA+ – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Coping with water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links depletion to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper, we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+, which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use and landscape evapotranspiration on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. WA+ presents four sheets including (i a resource base sheet, (ii an evapotranspiration sheet, (iii a productivity sheet, and (iv a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarise the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g., climate change and internal influences (e.g., infrastructure building can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used to acquire a vast amount of required data but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

P. Karimi

2013-07-01

103

Protein nutrient value of Agaricus bazei murrill mutant J3 induced by 60Co ?-irradiation in different generations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Protein nutritional values of Agaricus bazei Murrill mutant J3 and original strain J1 were compared by non-biological evaluation methods. The results showed that five protein indexes in the fruitbodies of M1 and M6 generations of Agaricus bazei Murrill mutant J3 were higher than that of original strain J1; four protein indexes in M4 and M5 generations were higher than that of original strain J1; and six protein indexes in M2 and M3 generations were higher than that of original strain J1. It was concluded that the protein nutritional values of Agaricus bazei Murrill mutant J3 was better than that of original strain J1. Except the ratio scores of amino acids had little change in the different generations, the other indexes in strain J3 Agaricus bazei Murrill showed that the heredity efficiencies of the proteins was rather stable. (authors)

104

D0 Silicon Upgrade: CTF Front End Crate J2/J3 Backplane Specification  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

GENERAL PHYSICAL LAYOUT: (1) The backplane is comprised of 2 identical sections, the upper half designated J1, and the lower half designated j3; (2) For each section, there are a total of 16 slots, designated 1 through 16, from left to right; (3) Odd numbered slots are left handed (Connectors to the left of the card), these slots utilize inverse DIN connectors; (4) Even numbered slots are right handed (Connectors to the right of the card), these slots utilize standard DIN connectors; (5) There are 2 60 pin daisy-chain headers associated with each section, 3M part number 3597-6003; (6) The headers associated with the J2 (upper) section are designated J2CHAINR and J2CHAINL; (7) The headers associated with the J3 (lower) section are designated J3CHAINL and J3CHAINR; and (8) Mechanical layout presented in drawing number 3823.113-MD-330045. TRIGGER SIGNALS: (1) There are 21 trigger signal which originate from a given slot and are routed to the slot immediately to the left and 21 trigger signals which originate from a given slot and are routed to the slot immediately to the right; (2) There are 21 trigger signals which originate from the slot immediately to the left of a given slot and 21 trigger signals which originate from the slot immediately to the right a given slot; (3) The signal are designated TRIGjk-n, when j is the source slot, k is the destination slot, and n is the signal number; (4) These signals shall be implemented as 100 ohm microstip above ground plane; and 100 ohm microstip above ground plane; and (5) No terminations. DC POWER: (1) Each slot is supplied with DC power on the connector pins designated as VCC and GND; (2) VCC and GND originates at rear of the backplane via press-in power terminals, their locations are shown in drawing number 3823.113-MD-330045; (3) Power shall be bypassed at 2 locations with a 10uF tantalum capacitor in parallel with a .01uF 100V ceramic capacitor; and (4) The total ampacity supplied by each DIN connector is 3.6 amps.

105

Wa Wa We Wa! / Siim Nestor  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Briti koomik Sacha Baron Cohen ja tema loodud peategelasega film "Borat - kultuurialased õppetunnid Ameerikast abiks suursuguse Kasahstani riigi ülesehitamisel", režissöör Larry Charles : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2006. Lisaks "Seigad Coheni elust"

Nestor, Siim, 1974-

2006-01-01

106

WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation: Analysis and applications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We introduce the concept of conformal spin gradation of the untwisted affine Lie superalgebra A-circumflex(n -1 modul n - 1)(1) to study the WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation. We show that the essential of A-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) may be read from the conformal spin gradation of the canonical vector basis of the SL(n modul n) vector representation space V2n and a spectral parameter ?. We give the generic formula of their conformal spin weights. Then, we set up the fundamentals of a manifestly N = 2 U(1) Lax formalism leading to a manifestly N = 2 WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation. Its explicit form is obtained and is shown to have a similar structure as in the N = 0 case. Both N = 0 WA-circumflex(n - 1)(1) and N = 2 WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformations involve (n - 1) N = 0 and N = 2 conserved currents with integer conformal spins. The leading cases are discussed. Using the U(1) charge of the N = 2 algebra, we develop also a new method of constructing N = 2 superfield realizations of the N = 2 higher spin supercurrents. Among other results, we find that in general there are three series of (n - 1) higher conformal spin N = 2 supercurrents. The usual N = 2 super W currents are the only hermitian ones. At the n = 3 level, we find a new Feigin Fuchs type extension of the conformal spin one N = 2 supercurrent. Such a feature, which has no analogue at the n = 2 level, is also present for n>3. Finally, we give the N = 2 superfield formulation of the N = 2 Boussinesq equation and its generalization involving complex N = 2 supercurrents. (author). 27 refs

107

Study of charged particle production using Omega RICH in WA94 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present preliminary results about charged particle production in S-S collisions at 200GeV/c per nucleon, obtained by WA94 experiment at CERN-SPS. The particle identification has been provided by the Omega RICH; a silicon telescope and an array of multiwire proportional chambers (MWPC) have been used to track particles to the RICH detector. Details about particle tracking and identification procedure are also reported. (orig.)

108

Study of charged particle production using Omega RICH in WA94 experiment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present preliminary results about charged particle production in S-S collisions at 200GeV/c per nucleon, obtained by WA94 experiment at CERN-SPS. The particle identification has been provided by the Omega RICH; a silicon telescope and an array of multiwire proportional chambers (MWPC) have been used to track particles to the RICH detector. Details about particle tracking and identification procedure are also reported. (orig.).

Abatzis, S. [Athens Univ. (Greece). Nuclear Physics Lab.; Andersen, E.; Andrighetto, A.; Antinori, F.; Barnes, R.P.; Bayes, A.C.; Benayoun, M.; Beusch, W.; Bohm, J.; Carney, J.N.; Carrer, N.; De la Cruz, B.; Davies, J.P.; Di Bari, D.; Elia, D.; Evans, D.; Fanebust, K.; Fini, R.; French, B.R.; Ghidini, B.; Helstrup, H.; Holme, A.K.; Jacholkowski, A.; Kahane, J.; Katchanov, V.A.; Kinson, J.B.; Kirk, A.; Knudson, K.; Kralik, I.; Ladron de Guevara, P.; Lassalle, J.C.; Lenti, V.; Leruste, P.; Lietava, R.; Loconsole, R.A.; Loevhoeiden, G.; Manzari, V.; Morando, M.; Navach, F.; Narjoux, J.L.; Pellegrini, F.; Quercigh, E.; Ricci, R.; Sandor, L.; Safarik, K.; Segato, G.; Singovsky, A.V.; Sene, M.; Sene, R.; Thorsteinsen, T.F.; Urban, J.; Vassiliadis, G.; Villalobos Baillie, O.; Venables, M.; Volte, A.; Votruba, M.F.; Zavada, P. [Athens University, Nuclear Physics Department, GR-15771 Athens (Greece)]|[Dipartimento di Fisica dell`Universita and Sezione INFN, Bari (Italy)]|[Universitetet i Bergen, N-5007 Bergen (Norway)]|[University of, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom)]|[CERN, CH-1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland)]|[College de France, IN2P3, F-75231 Paris (France)]|[Institute of Experimental Physics, Kosice (Slovakia)]|[Laboratorio Nazionale di Legnaro, Legnaro (Italy)]|[CIEMAT, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)]|[Dipartimento di Fisica dell`Universita and Sezione INFN, Padua (Italy)]|[IHEP, Protvino (Russian Federation); The WA94 Collaboration

1996-03-01

109

Can phonation types be reliably measured from sound spectra? Some data from Wa and Burmese  

OpenAIRE

This paper assesses the value of measuring aspects of an unmodified acoustic recordings of speech in the two language Burmese (Tibeto-Burman) and Wa (Mon_Khmer) in relation to the glottal source, or phonation type. This method faces the problem of how to ensure that what is measured is indeed attributable to the glottal source andnot to supralaryngeal acoustic shaping, or vowel quality. The methods adopted include: analysis of the relative prominence of the H1 and H2, formant ampli...

Watkins, Justin

1997-01-01

110

Prospective prediction of viral suppression and immune response nine months after ART initiation in Seattle, WA  

OpenAIRE

Knowing at antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation which patients might be at greatest risk for failure to achieve viral suppression would enable providers to target patients most in need and tailor their care appropriately. This study involved multilevel modeling of data from a randomized controlled trial among outpatients in Seattle, WA, USA. The 224 participants initiating or switching ART at baseline were 24% female, 34% heterosexual, and 47% Caucasian. Of 24 baseline demographic and psyc...

Simoni, Jane M.; Yard, Samantha S.; Huh, David

2013-01-01

111

Peculiarities occurrence and microstrip gas chambers studied through experiment WA97; La production d`etrangete et les chambres gazeuses a micropistes dans le cadre de l`experience WA97  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents the studies on development of a Monte-Carlo type generator used for inclusive production of odd baryons and antibaryons through proton- proton and proton- nucleus collisions. Experiment WA97 consisted in designing simulation software for MSGCs (Micro-strips Gas Chambers) as well as the redefining of particle paths with the help of these chambers. This work made it possible to design the MSGC detector for experiment WA97. (TEC). 71 refs., 88 figs.

Kachelhoffer, T.

1995-04-01

112

WA1ms: A ?2.61 Ga muscovite standard for 40Ar/39Ar dating  

Science.gov (United States)

The 40Ar/39Ar dating technique requires the use of neutron fluence monitors (standards) to allow calculation of the age of a sample. Precise calibration of these standards is crucial to obtaining accurate ages and decreasing the uncertainties associated with 40Ar/39Ar dates. Few fully intercalibrated 40Ar/39Ar standards with a sufficient total fusion grain-to-grain reproducibility are currently in use in the argon community. For Precambrian samples, only Hb3gr hornblende (?1.08 Ga) yields sufficient grain-to-grain reproducibility and has an appropriate age for acceptable argon isotopic ratio measurements. Here, we present chemical and intercalibration results for a new ?2.61 Ga standard. WA1ms is a muscovite extracted from an Archaean shear zone in the Lake Johnston greenstone belt, Western Australia. In situ trace element analysis by ELA-ICPMS revealed consistent K contents, subtle zonation and intra-grain and grain-to-grain heterogeneities in Rb, Sr, Ti, and Fe but a lack of mineral inclusions.WA1ms has been investigated over 3 irradiations ranging from 25 to 40 h, in two reactors, with several disc positions and three grains sizes and has been calibrated against FCs and GA1550, and Hb3gr. Overall, we carried out 48 total fusion and 4 step-heating experiments of WA1ms crystals. Flat age spectra and average F-value (40Ar?/39ArK) relative standard deviations ranging from of 0.43% to 0.60% (P = 0.15-0.83) for 47/48 analyses demonstrate the reproducibility of WA1ms and its suitability as a reliable 40Ar/39Ar standard. We calculated R[WA1ms/FCs] = 205.59 ± 0.25, R[WA1ms/GA1550] = 57.25 ± 0.06 and R[WA1ms/Hb3gr] = 3.9713 ± 0.014 (all with P > 0.14) allowing direct comparison between WA1ms and any standards in used in the community, provided that they have been calibrated against any of the three standards used in the calibration and regardless of the age adopted for each of these standards. The recently revised decay constant values and standard ages proposed by Renne et al. (2011) yield a weighted mean age of 2614.2 ± 1.5 Ma (±0.055%; P = 0.8; 1?) for WA1ms against the three standards. When calibrated solely against FCs in order to minimize correlated errors between FCs vs. GA1550 and Hb3gr, we calculate a preferred age of 2613.0 ± 2.4 Ma (±0.09%) which is recommended when using this standard. Additionally, this corresponds to a 40Ar?/40K value of (0.3375 ± 0.0057) × 10-1 for WA1ms, which is independent of the value of the decay constant used for calculation and allows recalculation of the age of WA1ms for any preferred set of decay constants and standard ages. Using the constants proposed by Steiger and Jäger (1977) directly calculated from the three R-values, yields an age of 2598.2 ± 3.5 Ma corresponding to an identical, although less precise 40Ar?/40K value of (0.3375 ± 0.0086) × 10-1. Benefits of this standard include: (1) an increased relative precision per crystal analyzed relative to other standards for Proterozoic and Archaean samples, (2) no post-irradiation waiting time due to the absence of Ca (no need to wait for 37ArCa decay), and (3) loading of standard grains that are optically different from the unknown (e.g., pyroxene or hornblende) to avoid standard-unknown mixing. WA1ms is freely available to the 40Ar/39Ar community.

Jourdan, Fred; Frew, Adam; Joly, Aurore; Mayers, Celia; Evans, Noreen J.

2014-09-01

113

75 FR 5626 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA INT-DES...  

Science.gov (United States)

...OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Reclamation Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA INT-DES...Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) on the Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction...

2010-02-03

114

Nuclear group constant set FUSION-J3 for fusion reactor nuclear calculations based on JENDL-3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Based on evaluated nuclear data file JENDL-3, published in April 1990, we produced a nuclear group constant set 'FUSION-J3' for fusion reactor nuclear calculation by ANISN code instead of GICX40 produced in 1977. The set FUSION-J3 is the coupled group constant set with neutron 125 and gamma-ray 40 group structure, and has the maximum order of 5 as Legendre expansion in scattering cross section. Forty nuclides included in FUSION-J3 can be used in fusion reactor nuclear calculations. Considering mobility in two-dimensional calculations and fixed group structure in induced activity calculation code system as the GICX40 structure, we composed also FUSION-40 group constant set with neutron 42 group and gamma-ray 21 group structure. The set FUSION-40 includes the same maximum order of the Legendre expansion and the same nuclides as FUSION-J3. From the results in experimental analysis and benchmark calculations, it became proved that JENDL-3 is at higher level of accuracy than ENDF/B-IV and -V. The set FUSION-J3 can be clear applicable to fusion reactor nuclear calculations. (author)

115

Sequence analysis and characterization of stutter products at the tetranucleotide repeat locus vWA.  

OpenAIRE

The PCR amplification of tetranucleotide short tandem repeat (STR) loci typically produces a minor product band 4 bp shorter than the corresponding main allele band; this is referred to as the stutter band. Sequence analysis of the main and stutter bands for two sample alleles of the STR locus vWA reveals that the stutter band lacks one repeat unit relative to the main allele. Sequencing results also indicate that the number and location of the different 4 bp repeat units vary between samples...

Walsh, P. S.; Fildes, N. J.; Reynolds, R.

1996-01-01

116

State of project and conceptual design work on the WA-350 reprocessing facility  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Within the integrated waste management concept, according to decisions made by government heads of the Federal Government and of the States, construction and operation of a 350-t-U-reprocessing plant is urgently necessary for the maintaining and for further development of the reprocessing technology. Provided that the construction of a WA 350 can be begun in the year 1984, this plant might make its contribution to meet the energy demand from 1993 on. The plant concept, the safety-technical design of the plant and the time table of its construction are explained. (orig./RB)

117

Land cover dynamics in Wa Municipality, Upper West Region of Ghana  

OpenAIRE

Land cover change is pervasive in urban areas and can destabilise the ecosystem with negative consequences. To manage land effectively and to protect its cover, there is the need for a reliable inventory. GIS and remote sensing technology has become a standard in producing land cover maps worldwide. Therefore, in this study GIS and remote sensing was used to map the land cover of Wa Municipality of the Upper West Region of Ghana. Two Landsat 5 images of 1986 and 2011 were used. The images wer...

Aduah, M. S.; Aabeyir, R.

2012-01-01

118

Phase Diagram of the J1, J2, J3 Heisenberg Models on the Honeycomb Lattice: A Series Expansion Study  

OpenAIRE

We study magnetically ordered phases and their phase boundaries in the $J_1-J_2-J_3$ Heisenberg models on the honeycomb lattice using series expansions around N\\'eel and different colinear and non-colinear magnetic states. An Ising anisotropy ($\\lambda=J_{\\perp}/J_z\

Oitmaa, J.; Singh, R. R. P.

2011-01-01

119

Which came first: the pumice or the obsidian? Complex degassing transitions during the 114ka trachytic Pu'u Wa'aWa'a eruption (Hawaii)  

Science.gov (United States)

Fragmental obsidian clasts are highly correlated with coeval pumice in eruptions that produce obsidian (e.g., Lipari, Aeolian Islands; Little Glass Mountain, California; Mono-Inyo chain, California; Taupo, New Zealand), implying that at least some magma is able to degas quiescently prior to or during the explosive stage of an eruption. However, gross stratigraphic relationships reveal a consistent pattern of explosive activity transitioning to effusive activity (e.g., obsidian flows), suggesting subsurface stratification of magmatic volatiles. A prevailing conceptual model of obsidian formation reconciles these observations through (1) formation of dense glassy material by collapse of vesicles in bubbly magma, occuring in the shallow conduit or at the surface, (2) subsequent ascent of gas-rich magma and fragmentation/assimilation of the previously-emplaced obsidian clasts, followed by (3) transition to dominantly effusive eruptive activity. The Pu'u Wa'aWa'a trachytic pumice cone is unique feature in the Hawaii island volcanic landscape, otherwise dominated by basaltic lava. Around 114 ka, a pulsating explosive eruption at Hualalai Volcano expelled trachytic pumice, forming a ~150-200 m high cone. This phase was immediately followed by the outpouring of a large trachyte flow (the most voluminous silicic lava flow identified in Hawaii ~5 km3), identical in bulk composition to the pumice. The tephra deposits of the cone contain abundant obsidian clasts, as well as pyroclasts bearing striking gradual textural transitions and discretely banded pumiceous, scoriaceous and aphanitic material. The intricate variations in glass H2O contents (measured by microRaman), microlite and vesicle abundances (textural analysis), along with the chemical traits (EMPA) displayed by glasses from the diverse textural end-members suggest a complex ascent and eruption history. We test three hypotheses: (a) the obsidian clasts formed during ascent, stalling and outgassing of the magma (i.e., similar to the prevailing models mentioned above), (b) the obsidian clasts formed thorough shear-induced degassing-outgassing during the entire ascent stage, and (c) obsidian derives from volatile poor portions of the magma reservoir, which were disrupted and mingled with volatile-rich magma.

Hammer, J. E.; Shea, T.; Hellebrand, E.

2012-12-01

120

Land cover dynamics in Wa Municipality, Upper West Region of Ghana  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Land cover change is pervasive in urban areas and can destabilise the ecosystem with negative consequences. To manage land effectively and to protect its cover, there is the need for a reliable inventory. GIS and remote sensing technology has become a standard in producing land cover maps worldwide. Therefore, in this study GIS and remote sensing was used to map the land cover of Wa Municipality of the Upper West Region of Ghana. Two Landsat 5 images of 1986 and 2011 were used. The images were pre-processed, subset to the study area and classified using the maximum likelihood classification algorithm. The map accuracies for the classes of interest; built-up, bare land and vegetation were not less than 70%. The land cover maps generated indicated that built-up area has increased by 34% whiles total size of bare land has increased by 47% from 1986 to 2011.These increases have reduced the total area of vegetated land by 10%. Therefore, if the current rate of degradation is not controlled, biodiversity of Wa and its surrounding areas would be lost in the near future. Also the degradation can intensify floods and droughts and other effects of climate change. The current study has demonstrated the effectiveness of GIS and remote sensing in studying environmental changes taking place in semi-arid regions. The application of remote sensing technologies should be intensified especially in the developing world to continue to provide vital data needed to manage the environment in a sustainable manner.

M.S. Aduah

2012-06-01

121

Flow analysis with WaSiM-ETH – model parameter sensitivity at different scales  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available WaSiM-ETH (Gurtz et al., 2001, a widely used water balance simulation model, is tested for its suitability to serve for flow analysis in the context of rainfall runoff modelling and flood forecasting. In this paper, special focus is on the resolution of the process domain in space as well as in time. We try to couple model runs with different calculation time steps in order to reduce the effort arising from calculating the whole flow hydrograph at the hourly time step. We aim at modelling on the daily time step for water balance purposes, switching to the hourly time step whenever high-resolution information is necessary (flood forecasting. WaSiM-ETH is used at different grid resolutions, thus we try to become clear about being able to transfer the model in spatial resolution. We further use two different approaches for the overland flow time calculation within the sub-basins of the test watershed to gain insights about the process dynamics portrayed by the model. Our findings indicate that the model is very sensitive to time and space resolution and cannot be transferred across scales without recalibration.

J. Cullmann

2006-01-01

122

EuWaK. Generation, storage and usage of biomethane and hydrogen at wastewater treatment plants. A pilot project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The water sector can participate in developing and operating a future energy system. Wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) are suitable for the generation of renewable energy. A renewable energy source at WWTP is digester gas or biogas. Synergetic effects at WWTP allow implementing the EuWaK concept combined to a WWTP into an innovative energy system. The EuWaK project is a pilot project in order to develop and test the processing of digester gas into biomethane and hydrogen at a WWTP and test the full infrastructure (Pipelines, fuelling stations and CHP) for the use of these gases. The EuWaK concept could be a component of an innovative energy system, as the on-going research reveals.

Reinders, Michael; Lange, Maja; Gredigk-Hoffmann, Sylvia [RWTH Aachen Univ. (Germany). Research Inst. for Water and Waste Management; Schmelz, Karl-Georg; Schulte, Patrick [Emschergenossenschaft, Essen/Dortmnund (Germany); Woeffen, Bernhard [Tuttahs und Meyer Ingenieurgesellschaft fuer Wasser-, Abwasser und Energiewirtschaft mbH, Bochum (Germany); Illing, Frank [Ingenieurbuero Redlich und Partner GmbH, Schlangenbad (Germany)

2012-07-01

123

Assessment of the iodine status of the Wa national boarding school students in Southwest China.  

Science.gov (United States)

Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) has been recognized as a major public health problem worldwide and has serious detrimental effects on the growth and development of the children. Therefore, monitoring the iodine status of the school-aged children is of great importance. We randomly recruited 159 boarding school students (aged from 6 to 14) from 10 primary schools in Lincang County, Yunnan Province. The dietary iodine level of the students was measured by the new mixed meal method and chemical analysis. Fifty-seven daily water samples and 32 salt samples were collected from the same surveyed area to determine the iodine content using the sulfate cerium catalytic spectrophotometric method and the hyposulphite quantitative titration method, respectively. The iodine level of each water sample was ranged from 0.611 to 1.473 ?g/L. The median and the mean value of the iodine content in water were 0.972 and 0.979?±?0.189 ?g/L. The average iodine intake of each age group was higher that the recommended nutrient intakes (RNI) but lower than the tolerable upper intake level (UL). The median and the mean value of the iodine content in salt were 25.53 and 25.62?±?1.70 mg/kg. Taken together, the present study investigated the iodine intake status of Wa school-aged children through examination of their dietary iodine intake, the environment, and the salt iodine status. Results showed that the status of the iodine uptake of the Wa children were higher than the RNI, but lower than the UL. PMID:25035191

Yin, Jian-Zhong; Feng, Yue-Mei; Wu, Shao-Xiong; Zhang, Xue-Hui; Wang, Song-Mei; Wang, Qi; Li, Yuan; Qi, De-Li

2014-09-01

124

Dense Clumps in Giant Molecular Clouds in the Large Magellanic Cloud: Density and Temperature Derived from $^{13}$CO($J=3-2$) Observations  

CERN Document Server

In order to precisely determine temperature and density of molecular gas in the Large Magellanic Cloud, we made observations of optically thin $^{13}$CO($J=3-2$) transition by using the ASTE 10m telescope toward 9 peaks where $^{12}$CO($J=3-2$) clumps were previously detected with the same telescope. The molecular clumps include those in giant molecular cloud (GMC) Types I (with no signs of massive star formation), II (with HII regions only), and III (with HII regions and young star clusters). We detected $^{13}$CO($J=3-2$) emission toward all the peaks and found that their intensities are 3 -- 12 times lower than those of $^{12}$CO($J=3-2$). We determined the intensity ratios of $^{12}$CO($J=3-2$) to $^{13}$CO($J=3-2$), $R^{12/13}_{3-2}$, and $^{13}$CO($J=3-2$) to $^{13}$CO($J=1-0$), $R^{13}_{3-2/1-0}$, at 45$\\arcsec$ resolution. These ratios were used for radiative transfer calculations in order to estimate temperature and density of the clumps. The parameters of these clumps range kinetic temperature $T\\ma...

Minamidani, Tetsuhiro; Mizuno, Yoji; Mizuno, Norikazu; Kawamura, Akiko; Onishi, Toshikazu; Hasegawa, Tetsuo; Tatematsu, Ken'ichi; Takekoshi, Tatsuya; Sorai, Kazuo; Moribe, Nayuta; Torii, Kazufumi; Sakai, Takeshi; Muraoka, Kazuyuki; Tanaka, Kunihiko; Ezawa, Hajime; Kohno, Kotaro; Kim, Sungeun; Rubio, Mónica; Fukui, Yasuo

2010-01-01

125

Calibration of agriculture WA gamma cell using TLD and GAF chromic film  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: A project at the WA department of agriculture (Agriculture WA) involved irradiating male fruit fly pupae with a Co-60 gamma cell. The aim was to render the fruit fly infertile for the purposes of population control. Since the dose needed to be large enough to sterilise the pupae but not so great as to deliver a lethal dose, accurate knowledge of the dose rate was extremely important. The Medical Physics Department at Royal Perth Hospital was asked to calibrate the unit. Thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) was used for the initial dose measurement. LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-700. Harshaw) rods were loaded into plastic tubes and placed at varying depths inside the jig used to hold the pupae during irradiation. The jig was exposed for 15 s, in which time it was expected the rods would receive about 3 to 5 Gy. Calibration rods were exposed to doses ranging from 3 to 7 Gy. The doses measured were slightly higher than expected so another measurement was performed, this time using GAF chromic film. Two strips of film were placed inside the jig, which was irradiated for 1 minute. The response of the TLD calibration rods appeared linear, a line fitted to the data had an R2 value of 0.997. The dose rate measured with TLD varied from 29.3 Gy/min at the inside edge of the jig to 21.3 Gy/min at the centre, with a mean dose rate of 24.9 Gy/min. The GAF chromic film results were 27.5 Gy/min at the edge, 22.8 Gy/min at the centre, and a mean dose of 22.2 Gy/min. The higher Td a mean dose of 22.2 Gy/min. The higher TLD readings may be explained by the fact that the nominal exposure time did not include the period of lowering the jig into the gamma cell, which means that the actual exposure time was slightly longer than the nominal. Since the TLDs were exposed for 15 s and the film for 1 minute, this would introduce a greater error for the TLDs. Both dosimetry methods were successfully applied in the situation described, and the two sets of results were in good agreement. The TLD material demonstrated a linear response at doses from 3 to 7 Gy. Copyright (2001) Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine

126

Results from WA80 on transverse energy production, fluctuations in multiparticle production, and ?/?0 ratios  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented concerning transverse energy production from the WA80 run of 1987 using beams of E/A = 200 GeV 32S produced by the CERN SPS. Comparisons are made to the earlier results obtained with E/A = 60 and 200 GeV 16O. The results of an analysis of fluctuations in the charged-particle pseudorapidity densities for the 16O data are presented next. These analyses were carried out following a method suggested by Bialas and Peschanski. This reveals fluctuations down to pseudorapidity scales of ?/eta/ = 0.1. Finally, a preliminary value is presented for the excess of observed photons over known sources in reactions of E/A = 200 GeV 16O + Au. These measurements span the pseudorapidity interval 1.5 < /eta/ < 2.1 and transverse momentum range p/sub T/ = 0.4--2.4 GeV/c. This excess is observed for central O + Au collisions but not for peripheral O + Au collisions. 16 refs., 7 figs

127

Pumice in the interglacial Whidbey Formation at Blowers Bluff, central Whidbey Island, WA, USA  

Science.gov (United States)

A new 40Ar/39Ar age of 128??9 ka and chemical analyses of pumice layers from interglacial alluvium at Blowers Bluff, Whidbey Island, WA, show that the deposits are part of the Whidbey Formation, a widespread, mainly subsurface unit. Glass chemistry of the dated dacitic pumice does not match any analyzed northern Cascade source, but upper Pleistocene dacites from Glacier Peak and early Pleistocene silicic rocks from the Kulshan caldera are chemically similar. The chemistry of pumiceous dacite in younger units, including the latest Pleistocene Partridge Gravel, is similar to that of the dated material. The deep troughs of the modern northern Puget lowland must have been filled during deposition of the Whidbey Formation, allowing volcanic-rich sediment to reach what is now Whidbey Island. Topographic analysis of LIDAR images demonstrates that extensive erosion occurred during latest Pleistocene ice retreat. The Partridge Gravel likely records subglacial fluvial erosion along an ice tunnel and ice-marginal deposition into adjacent marine waters. Pumice in the Partridge Gravel probably was reworked from stratigraphically and topographically lower deposits, including those at Blowers Bluff. ?? 2007 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

Dethier, D.P.; Dragovich, J.D.; Sarna-Wojcicki, A. M.; Fleck, R.J.

2008-01-01

128

Gigabit Access Passive Optical Network Using Wavelength Division Multiplexing—GigaWaM  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper summarizes the research and technical achievements done under the EU project GigaWaM. The goal of this project was to develop a cost-effective solution that can meet the increasing bandwidth demands in access networks. The approach was to use a novel wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) architecture that can deliver symmetric 1 Gb/s to 64 users over 20 km standard single mode fiber using the L and C bands for down and upstream, respectively. During the course of the project, a number of key enabling technologies were developed including tunable transceivers, athermal 50 GHz spaced arrayed waveguide grating multiplexer devices, novel hybridization technologies for integration of passive and active electro-optic devices, and system-level algorithms that ensure the quality of service. The outcome of the project proved a reliable, cost-effective, flexible, and upgradable WDM-PON solution, achieving per-user datarates of 2.5 and 10 Gb/s for up and downstream, respectively. The proposed solution is not only suitable for access networks, but also for metro aggregation and mobile backhaul.

Iglesias Olmedo, Miguel; Suhr, Lau

2014-01-01

129

Nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 to 200 GeV/nucleon: Results from the WA80 experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results from 16O- and 32S-induced reactions obtained by the WA80 collaboration at the CERN SPS are presented with reference to global event characteristics such as collision geometry, the degree of nuclear stopping, and the energy density attained. Transverse momentum spectra of neutral pions and of direct photons are also presented. At an accuracy within 15% limits, all observed photons are accounted for by known hadronic decays. 13 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab

130

Cloning, expression in E. coli and immunological characterization of Par j 3.0201, a Parietaria pollen profilin variant.  

Science.gov (United States)

Parietaria judaica pollen is one of the main sources of allergens in the Mediterranean area. Its allergenic composition has been studied in detail showing the presence of two major allergens (Par j 1 and Par j 2) and two minor allergens belonging to the profilin and calcium binding protein families of allergens (Par j 3 and Par j 4, respectively). Clinical reports support the hypothesis of a limited cross-reactivity between profilin from Parietaria and unrelated sources. We screened a P. judaica cDNA library to identify novel forms of profilins with allergenic activity. This strategy allowed us to isolate a 767 bp cDNA containing the information for a 131 amino acids protein with homology to profilins from unrelated sources greater than that observed with the already published Parietaria profilins. This profilin was expressed in Escherichia coli as a recombinant protein and its immunological prevalence was studied in a population of Parietaria allergic patients from Southern Europe. Immunoblotting analysis showed that the Parietaria profilin was recognized by IgE from 6.5% of the allergic population. Finally, a selected population of profilin allergic patients was enrolled to demonstrate the cross-reactivity of this novel variant with other profilins from grass and date palm. In conclusion, molecular cloning and immunological studies have allowed the isolation, expression and immunological characterization of a novel cross-reactive profilin allergen from P. judaica pollen named Par j 3.0201. PMID:24172226

Bonura, A; Trapani, A; Gulino, L; Longo, V; Valenta, R; Asero, R; Colombo, P

2014-02-01

131

WaFER: a tool to derive the focal surface of millimeter wave telescopes and characterize their optical response  

Science.gov (United States)

In the framework of the Italian Space Agency (ASI) Technological Developments aimed at the measurement of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarization, a method to define and characterize focal surfaces of millimeter wave telescopes has been implemented in a software package named WaFER (Wave Front Error evaluatoR). The purpose of this tool is to rapidly optimize and characterize wide focal planes providing valuable information to study and optimize high performance telescope configurations. This method is based on the GRASP9 Multi-Reflector GTD for the computation of the weighted wave front error and the software output is the 3D focal surface as the region that minimizes this figure of merit, in terms of feed locations and orientations, for polarization measurements. In addition WaFER provides the main descriptive parameters of the main beams iteratively calculated with the GRASP9 Physical Optics, using the information derived for the evaluated focal surface. The method has been applied at several telescope configurations and WaFER could be used to define the focal surface of any reflector antenna system that can be studied with GRASP9. It can be used to characterize the main beam descriptive parameters also in terms of polarization properties and straylight. Finally, an estimate of the computational time is reported for each computational step (focal surface evaluation, main beam simulations, polarization alignment).

Sandri, M.; Villa, F.; Valenziano, L.

2012-09-01

132

Magnetic susceptibility and saturation magnetic field in the t-J2-J3-K model: 3He on graphite  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We consider dynamics of zero-point vacancies introduced in the two-dimensional (2D) solid 3He adsorbed on a graphite surface. In our previous paper, we calculated the temperature dependence of the heat capacity, single-particle spectra and effective mass, as well as the spin and density excitation spectra of the t-J-K model, and discussed their experimental implications. As an extension of this model, we here propose an improved model, i.e., the t-J2-J3-K model, which takes into account the proper cut of the ring-exchange paths by the zero-point vacancies, and we discuss doping dependence of the magnetic susceptibility and saturation magnetic field in the 2D 3He. We thus show that the improved model is essential in particular for considering the magnetic field dependence of the system.

133

Detection of 13CO J=3-2 Emission from the Molecular Clouds OMG-1 and NGC2264  

Science.gov (United States)

We have made the first measurements of the 330 GHz J =3-2 lines of 13CO in the molecular clouds OMC-l and NGC 2264. Simple velocity gradient calculations can give a consistent description of the intensities of these lines, together with the available CO (J =2-1) isotopic lines and the equivalent J = 1-0 transitions. They indicate fractional 13CO abundances similar to those found in dark clouds, but low values of the molecular hydrogen density, n(H2) 5 × 103 cm-3. The higher densities (˜105 cm-3) indicated by other molecular observations of these clouds suggest either the presence of high density fragments within the clouds or that the simple analysis is not appropriate for the CO lines, and more complex models are required to explain all the observations.

Huggins, P. J.; Phillips, T. G.; Blair, G. N.; Solomon, P. M.

1981-03-01

134

Quantitative Analysis of Holocene Shoreline Retreat in Unconsolidated Sediment within the northern Puget Lowland, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

The long-term retreat rate of Puget Sound shorelines derived from unconsolidated sediment is difficult to quantify because the geomorphic evidence used to establish prior shoreline positions (i.e., wave-cut platforms) is itself, subsequently eroded by submarine processes. Qualitative assessment of more recent shoreline retreat can be inferred by comparing the width of wave-cut platforms lying adjacent to the respective shorelines, bluff steepness, and vegetation age structure on the bluff slope. A quantitative assessment of Holocene shoreline retreat on southern Whidbey Island, WA is being completed using reconstructed longitudinal profiles of relict post-glacial channels. Prior to the establishment of vegetation on Whidbey Island, the relict channels are inferred to have formed almost instantaneously after deglaciation by groundwater sapping of the glacial sediment. The channels were graded to the post-glacial marine high- stand (~140-160 feet A.S.L. on south Whidbey Island) and became inactive when vegetated. Where shoreline retreat has been rapid, the post-glacial marine terrace has been eroded, but the head of the relict channel is still preserved. Using ground surveying techniques, inferences based on drumlinoid topography, and high resolution LIDAR imagery, it is possible to infer the original post-glacial shoreline position by extending the longitudinal profile of the remnant channel to a point that intersects the original post-glacial terrace elevation (140 ft). In addition to geomorphic evidence, we are testing whether cosmogenic isotope dating (Cl-36 and Be-10) can quantify recent erosion rates by dating the exposure age of residual till boulders eroded by wave processes and deposited as a lag on the wave-cut platform. Transects are being measured from different type localities exhibiting various degrees of retreat due to differences in shoreline energy and substrate properties (i.e., exposure to prevailing storm track, length of fetch and the bluff substrate resistance to erosion). The results from this research will have important implications for landslide hazard assessment, residential planning and long-term erosion-sedimentation rates in the Puget Lowland, particularly with increasing population and pressures on shoreline development.

Rogers, H. E.; Swanson, T. W.

2006-12-01

135

Arrival time and magnitude of airborne fission products from the Fukushima, Japan, reactor incident as measured in Seattle, WA, USA  

CERN Document Server

We report results of air monitoring started due to the recent natural catastrophe on March 11, 2011 in Japan and the severe ensuing damage to the Fukushima nuclear reactor complex. On March 17-18, 2011 we detected the first arrival of the airborne fission products 131-I, 132-I, 132-Te, 134-Cs, and 137-Cs in Seattle, WA, USA, by identifying their characteristic gamma rays using a germanium detector. The highest detected activity to date is <~32 mBq/m^3 of 131-I.

Leon, J Diaz; Knecht, A; Miller, M L; Robertson, R G H; Schubert, A G

2011-01-01

136

Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YDR261W-A, YDR261W-B [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available YDR261W-A - Retrotransposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol; translated as TYA or TYA-T ... 3) YDR261W-B - Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol genes ; transcribed/translated as one unit; polyprotein i ... se (PR), and integrase (IN); similar to retroviral genes ... Rows with this prey as prey (2) Rows with this pre ... ey description Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol genes ; transcribed/translated as one unit; polyprotein i ... se (PR), and integrase (IN); similar to retroviral genes ... Rows with this prey as prey Rows with this prey as ...

137

Decommissioning samples from the Ft. Lewis, WA, solvent refined coal pilot plant: chemical analysis and biological testing  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report presents the results from chemical analyses and limited biological assays of three sets of samples from the Ft. Lewis, WA solvent refined coal (SRC) pilot plant. The samples were collected during the process of decommissioning this facility. Chemical composition was determined for chemical class fractions of the samples by using high-resolution gas chromatography (GC), high-resolution GC/mass spectrometry (MS) and high-resolution MS. Biological activity was measuring using both the histidine reversion microbial mutagenicity assay with Salmonella typhimurium, TA98 and an initiation/promotion mouse-skin tumorigenicity assay. 19 refs., 7 figs., 27 tabs.

Weimer, W.C.; Wright, C.W.

1985-10-01

138

Class Struggle, Elitism and Social Collectivism in Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s Devil on the Cross : A Marxist Approach  

OpenAIRE

Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s Devil on the Cross represents both an insightful interpretation and a scathing critique of Kenyan politics and society during the period of neo-colonialism. The present thesis aims to explore, with the help of Marxist ideology and criticism, the relevance of the issues of class struggle, elitism and social collectivism in the novel. At the same time, this study will attempt to define Devil on the Cross as a "national allegory" depicting situations that are common to al...

Abis, Paolo

2011-01-01

139

The James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Nearby Galaxies Legacy Survey IX: $^{12}$CO $J=3\\to2$ Observations of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351  

OpenAIRE

We present $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} maps of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351 obtained with the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), both early targets of the JCMT Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey (NGLS). We combine the present observations with $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} data and find that the computed $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} to $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} line ratio ($R_{31}$) agrees with values measured in other NGLS field galaxies. We compute ...

Tan, Boon-kok; Leech, J.; Rigopoulou, D.; Warren, B. E.; Wilson, C. D.; Attewell, D.; Azimlu, M.; Bendo, G. J.; Butner, H. M.; Brinks, E.; Chanial, P.; Clements, D. L.; Heesen, V.; Israel, F.; Knapen, J. H.

2013-01-01

140

Formation of highly reactive cyclopentenone isoprostane compounds (A3/J3-isoprostanes) in vivo from eicosapentaenoic acid.  

Science.gov (United States)

Omega-3 (omega-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) found in marine fish oils are known to suppress inflammation associated with a wide variety of diseases. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is one of the most abundant omega-3 fatty acids in fish oil, but the mechanism(s) by which EPA exerts its beneficial effects is unknown. Recent studies, however, have demonstrated that oxidized EPA, rather than native EPA, possesses anti-atherosclerotic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-proliferative effects. Very few studies to date have investigated which EPA oxidation products are responsible for this bioactivity. Our research group has previously reported that anti-inflammatory prostaglandin A(2)-like and prostaglandin J(2)-like compounds, termed A(2)/J(2)-isoprostanes (IsoPs), are produced in vivo by the free radical-catalyzed peroxidation of arachidonic acid and represent one of the major products resulting from the oxidation of this PUFA. Based on these observations, we questioned whether cyclopentenone-IsoP compounds are formed from the oxidation of EPA in vivo. Herein, we report the formation of cyclopentenone-IsoP molecules, termed A(3)/J(3)-IsoPs, formed in abundance in vitro and in vivo from EPA peroxidation. Chemical approaches coupled with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) were used to structurally characterize these compounds as A(3)/J(3)-IsoPs. We found that levels of these molecules increase approximately 200-fold with oxidation of EPA in vitro from a basal level of 0.8 +/- 0.4 ng/mg EPA to 196 +/- 23 ng/mg EPA after 36 h. We also detected these compounds in significant amounts in fresh liver tissue from EPA-fed rats at basal levels of 19 +/- 2 ng/g tissue. Amounts increased to 102 +/- 15 ng/g tissue in vivo in settings of oxidative stress. These studies have, for the first time, definitively characterized novel, highly reactive A/J-ring IsoP compounds that form in abundance from the oxidation of EPA in vivo. PMID:18263929

Brooks, Joshua D; Milne, Ginger L; Yin, Huiyong; Sanchez, Stephanie C; Porter, Ned A; Morrow, Jason D

2008-05-01

141

Affirming Verb Lexemes in A Practical Ndebele Dictionary and in Isichazamazwi SesiNdebele: The Case of -wa Verbs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract: Both A Practical Ndebele Dictionary (1971 by Pelling and Isichazamazwi SesiNdebele (2001 by Hadebe et al. lemmatize a number of -wa-ending verbs. Each one of the verbs is easily recognizable as a canonical or base form from which different word forms can be derived. Indeed they should all be seen as legitimate headwords that have been carefully selected for entry until a keener observation as presented in this article, questions the validity of the inclusion. It would be understood from both compilers that all the verbs entered are by virtue of their being legitimate verb bases. Since the verbs ending with -wa are canonical forms, they should be inflected with -iw-/-w-, the passive extension morpheme, and by any other extension morphemes. When -iw-/ -w- cannot inflect directly, the usual initial inflection to causative or applicative and then to passive should then apply. When -iw-/-w- cannot apply, it is likely that the headword in question is in fact a passive form already derived from another base form. The article argues that these words cannot claim to be legitimate headwords. The article further observes that other verb endings treated can be simi-larly tested and treated accordingly. Possibly headword selection will then be more consistent and charac-terized by a more considered and reasoned approach.

Jerry Zondo

2011-10-01

142

Exploring Variability in Acidic Saline Playa Lakes in WA with HyMAP Hyperspectral Data  

Science.gov (United States)

Acid saline lakes in Western Australia have been recognized as useful chemical terrestrial analogs for aqueous mineral formation on Mars [e.g., 1]. In these lake systems, large pH and salinity differences are observed both laterally and vertically over scales of a few tens of meters[2, 3]. The variability in these lakes have been offered as an alternate formation mechanism for some of the phyllosilicates and sulfates on Mars, suggesting that these different mineral types may be separated by chemical gradients rather than by temporal boundaries[4]. To assess the ability to detect this variability remotely and to determine the extent of the surface variability, which may not be easily accessible in the field, spectral mapping for two of the acidic saline playa lakes was performed. HyMAP airborne data were acquired in December, 2008, of Lake Gilmore and Lake Chandler in WA. The HyMAP sensors have 126 bands that cover the wavelength range between 0.45 and 2.5 µm. Hyvista Corporation provided atmospherically corrected surface reflectance data at approximately 3m spatial resolution. Using the methodology described by [5] the HyMAP data were analyzed using ENVI to identify spectrally pure endmembers that can be used to distinguish mineralogy in the scene. Relevant (e.g. not roads, water or vegetation) spectral endmembers derived for each scene were identified visually using spectra from the ASTER spectral library[6]. The processing techniques were applied to all flight lines and ultimately a classification map mosaic was produced for selection of relevant and intriguing field sampling sites. The classification maps will be validated using field spectroscopy and visual inspection of representative samples collected from the field sites in October 2009, and laboratory spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction will be performed for further validation. The classification maps confirm variability in mineralogy across the lakes, validating geochemical modeling. There are also some unexpected intriguing results. For example, dune forms reveal interbedded sulfates and clays. These deposits may be indicative of the ephemeral nature of the lakes and are of particular interest to studies of similar martian deposits such as those in Gale Crater[7] and Columbus Crater[8]. The acid saline lakes in Australia therefore may provide an even more compelling analog to aqueous deposition on Mars. 1. K. C. Benison, D. A. LaClair, Astrobiology 3, 609 (November 1, 2003). 2. G. M. Marion et al., Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 73, 3493 (June 1, 2009). 3. B. B. Bowen, K. C. Benison, Applied Geochemistry 24, 268 (2009). 4. A. Baldridge et al., Geophysical Research Letters (Accepted Manuscript, In Press). 5. J. W. Boardman, F. A. Kruse, paper presented at the Proceedings, Tenth Thematic Conference, Geologic Remote Sensing, San Antonio, TX, May 9-12, 1994. 6. A. M. Baldridge, S. J. Hook, C. I. Grove, G. Rivera, Remote Sensing of Environment 113, 711 (2009). 7. R. E. Milliken et al., paper presented at the Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts, March 1, 2009. 8. J. J. Wray et al., paper presented at the Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts, March 1, 2009.

Baldridge, A. M.; Hook, S. J.; Souza Filho, C. R.; Thomson, B. J.; Bridges, N. T.; Crowley, J. K.

2009-12-01

143

Hydrological modelling of an artificial headwater catchment using the model system WaSiM-ETH  

Science.gov (United States)

The hydrological headwater catchment Chicken Creek (6.5 ha) was constructed in a lignite open-cast mine by Cottbus (Germany) to study initial processes of ecosystem development. The catchment has been intensively monitored for more than three years. Thereby, it is well suited to test and develop hydrological models. The construction of a clay layer in the basement simplifies the balancing of the water cycle since lateral inflows and vertical outflows can be neglected. For modelling purposes all basic input data were given, but neither discharge nor soil moisture measurements were provided. Hence, no high model quality can be feigned by fitting simulated results on observed output data. To compare the ability of different models and modellers to describe the hydrological behaviour of that catchment, a model competition was declared, on which several international scientists take part, all specialised in hydrological modelling. The contest is conducted in different levels, whereupon the knowledge of modellers concerning the investigated catchment will be increased stepwise. All modellers use the same database and results will be evaluated by an independent observer group. Thereby, the comparability between different model applications is guaranteed. We applied the process-based distributed Water balance Simulation Model (WaSiM-ETH) by Schulla & Jasper (2007) to simulate the first three years since the catchment construction was finished (Sep. 2005 - Aug. 2008). For the first modelling exercise important initial conditions (e.g. soil moisture) were unknown. Due to the lack of field experiences, effects of a constructed lake were disregarded. Therefore, the results of the first level were far away from being perfect, e.g. discharge was simulated from the beginning which was not observed because in reality soil water and lake storages were filled up first. The biggest differences occurred between simulated and observed surface runoff. In reality, surface runoff is the dominant runoff part responsible for approximately 70 % of the total runoff, but only half a percent was simulated. Hence, runoff dynamic and runoff peaks were underestimated. The simulated result is physically vindicated through the given data, because the sandy soils (sand content of 70 - 90 %) leads to high infiltration rates. During a first survey a compact and sealed layer was identified as the reason for high surface runoff, which could not be derived from the given date. For the second step of the modelling exercise the lake and the improved knowledge about the initial conditions were considered. Now, the simulated discharge shows the same delay as observed. Furthermore, effects of the sealed layer could be considered by a differentiated representation of soil conditions. Thereby, the simulated surface runoff increased up to 60 % of total runoff, which leads to an enforced runoff dynamic with higher peaks. Now, it is up to the observer group to evaluate whether or not the simulated results of the second modelling level has improved.

Hölzel, H.; Diekkrüger, B.

2009-04-01

144

Ab initio calculation of the P-odd interaction constant WA in YbF: a relativistic configuration-interaction approach  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present the result for the P-odd electron–nucleus interaction constant WA of the YbF molecule in the ground (2?1/2) state, computed by using a fully relativistic restricted active space configuration-interaction method, which yields the result WA = 543 Hz, in reasonable agreement with previous calculations. This result will be useful for experimentalists proposing new experiments in the search for nuclear-spin-dependent parity-nonconserving effects in the YbF molecule. (paper)

145

Online: a program to display histograms and control monitor processes on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

ONLINE is a program which can be launched from any terminal on the WA62 experiment's DEC VAX 11/780 computer when the Native mode data acquisition system is running. It is used to display histograms produced by the various experiment monitor processes running under the system and can establish links with such processes to allow the user to issue monitor commands and change internal monitor process parameters. This report describes the criteria used in the design of ONLINE and shows some of the features of the VAX/VMS Operating System which are used to access histograms produced by monitor processes, to establish communications links with monitor processes and to provide the user with an easy to learn system for the examination of online experimental data in a graphical form. Also given, is a brief account of the way monitor processes are structured and how this structure facilitates user-monitor dialogue. (author)

146

Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water by Coagulation/Filtration, U.S. EPA Demonstration Project at the City of Okanogan, WA - Final Performance Evaluation Report  

Science.gov (United States)

This report documents the activities performed during and the results obtained from the arsenic removal treatment technology demonstration project at the City of Okanogan, WA facility. The objectives of the project were to evaluate: (1) the effectiveness of Filtronics? FH-13 Ele...

147

Verification and Translation of "Risalat Latifa fi Bayan al-Iman Lughatan wa Shar'an inda Ahl al-Lisan" by Arslanzade  

OpenAIRE

The available manuscript is composed of verification and Turkish tranlation of "Risalat Latifa fi Bayan al-Iman Lughatan wa Shar'an inda Ahl al-Lisan" which is related to Kalam in periodical entitled "Ta’lifat al-Marhum Arslanzade", which does consist of Arslanzade Mustafa Efendi’s tractates, and registered in Manisa Province Public Library 45 Hk. No. 5837.

Hilmi Karaa?aç

2012-01-01

148

Relativistic configuration-interaction results for Xe32+, Ba34+, Nd38+, and Gd42+ open-quotes 5Dclose quotes J=2 to J=3 energy differences  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Errors in relativistic correlated ab initio results for the open-quotes 5Dclose quotes J=2 to J=3 M1 transition, which is nearly constant with Z, have been reduced from 5% to 1.5% (400 cm-1), on average. Beyond the Dirac-Coulomb level, the principal contributions are from the magnetic operator and certain n=3 single and double excitations (correlation effects). copyright 1997 The American Physical Society

149

Modified spin-wave theory with ordering vector optimization II: Spatially anisotropic triangular lattice and $J_1J_2J_3$ model with Heisenberg interactions  

OpenAIRE

We study the ground state phases of the $S=1/2$ Heisenberg quantum antiferromagnet on the spatially anisotropic triangular lattice and on the square lattice with up to next-next-nearest neighbor coupling (the $J_1J_2J_3$ model), making use of Takahashi's modified spin-wave (MSW) theory supplemented by ordering vector optimization. We compare the MSW results with exact diagonalization and projected-entangled-pair-states calculations, demonstrating their qualitative and quanti...

Hauke, Philipp; Roscilde, Tommaso; Murg, Valentin; Cirac, J. Ignacio; Schmied, Roman

2010-01-01

150

Analyses of soils from the low-level radioactive waste disposal sites at Barnwell, SC and Richland, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the performance of a buried waste form or waste container, consideration must include the interaction of the package with the burial environment. This report presents the results of physical and chemical measurements of soils from two currently operating commercial radioactive waste disposal sites; one at Barnwell, SC, and the other near Richland, WA. Soil samples believed to be representative of the soil that will contact the buried waste forms were collected and analyzed. Resistivity data given for soils from both sites indicate mildly corrosive environments. The soil acidity measurements show the Barnwell site to have acidic soil, whereas, the Richland site has soils ranging from acidic to near neutral in pH. The moisture content and the ion content of the soils from each site are presented. The extractable ion content of the soils is given for the following ions: calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, carbonate, bicarbonate, sulfate, sulfide, and chloride. Additionally, the exchangeable cations were measured for the soils from the two sites. 19 refs., 10 figs., 28 tabs

151

Modeling the impact of watershed management policies on marine ecosystem services with application to Hood Canal, WA, USA  

Science.gov (United States)

Humans obtain numerous benefits from marine ecosystems, including fish to eat; mitigation of storm damage; nutrient and water cycling and primary production; and cultural, aesthetic and recreational values. However, managing these benefits, or ecosystem services, in the marine world relies on an integrated approach that accounts for both marine and watershed activities. Here we present the results of a set of simple, physically-based, and spatially-explicit models that quantify the effects of terrestrial activities on marine ecosystem services. Specifically, we model the circulation and water quality of Hood Canal, WA, USA, a fjord system in Puget Sound where multiple human uses of the nearshore ecosystem (e.g., shellfish aquaculture, recreational Dungeness crab and shellfish harvest) can be compromised when water quality is poor (e.g., hypoxia, excessive non-point source pollution). Linked to the estuarine water quality model is a terrestrial hydrology model that simulates streamflow and nutrient loading, so land cover and climate changes in watersheds can be reflected in the marine environment. In addition, a shellfish aquaculture model is linked to the water quality model to test the sensitivity of the ecosystem service and its value to both terrestrial and marine activities. The modeling framework is general and will be publicly available, allowing easy comparisons of watershed impacts on marine ecosystem services across multiple scales and regions.

Sutherland, D. A.; Kim, C.; Marsik, M.; Spiridonov, G.; Toft, J.; Ruckelshaus, M.; Guerry, A.; Plummer, M.

2011-12-01

152

Strange particle production with {sigma}{sup -}, {pi}{sup -} and neutrons in hyperon experiment WA89 at CERN  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Inclusive differential cross sections for 19 strange particles production in high-energy {sigma}{sup -}, {pi}{sup -} and neutron induced interactions are measured by the experiment WA89 at CERN. Secondary {sigma}{sup -} and {pi}{sup -} beams with average momenta of 345 GeV/c and a neutron beam of 260 GeV/c were produced by primary protons of 450 GeV/c from the CERN SPS. A strong leading effect is seen for hyperons produced by {sigma}{sup -}. At p{sub t}{sup 2} values above 1 (GeV/c){sup 2} the differential production cross-section shows a marked increase compared to the usually observed Gaussian behaviour of d{sigma}/dp{sub t}{sup 2}. The important observation was done about the 'non-thermal' behavior of the p{sub t}{sup 2} spectrum of the strange particles produced. Comprehensive studies were done for V{sup 0}V{sup 0} pair production in one event. A clear observation of a different production mechanism of two {lambda}{sup 0} in the same event is the most remarkable result of pair production study.

Balestra, F

2001-03-01

153

Meeting report: GSC M5 roundtable at the 13th International Society for Microbial Ecology meeting in Seattle, WA, USA August 22-27, 2010  

OpenAIRE

This report summarizes the proceedings of the Metagenomics, Metadata, Metaanalysis, Models and Metainfrastructure (M5) Roundtable at the 13th International Society for Microbial Ecology Meeting in Seattle, WA, USA August 22-27, 2010. The Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) hosted this meeting as a community engagement exercise to describe the GSC to the microbial ecology community during this important international meeting. The roundtable included five talks given by members of the GSC, and w...

Gilbert, Jack A.; Meyer, Folker; Knight, Rob; Field, Dawn; Kyrpides, Nikos; Yilmaz, Pelin; Wooley, John

2010-01-01

154

Verification and Translation of "Risalat Latifa fi Bayan al-Iman Lughatan wa Shar'an inda Ahl al-Lisan" by Arslanzade  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The available manuscript is composed of verification and Turkish tranlation of "Risalat Latifa fi Bayan al-Iman Lughatan wa Shar'an inda Ahl al-Lisan" which is related to Kalam in periodical entitled "Ta’lifat al-Marhum Arslanzade", which does consist of Arslanzade Mustafa Efendi’s tractates, and registered in Manisa Province Public Library 45 Hk. No. 5837.

Hilmi Karaa?aç

2012-10-01

155

Zero-point vacancies in the two-dimensional t-J2-J3-J4 model: 3He on graphite surface  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We consider dynamics of zero-point vacancies introduced in the two-dimensional (2D) solid 3He adsorbed on a graphite surface. We thereby propose an improved model, i.e., t-J2-J3-J4 model, which takes into account the proper truncation of the ring-exchange paths in the presence of the vacancies. We find that, in contrast to the t-J-K model, the doping of vacancies makes the system less ferromagnetic in consistent with experiment and thus the improved model is essential for understanding the magnetic-field dependence of the system.

156

Spin-polarization observables at the J = 3/2+ resonance in the reactions 3H(d,n)4He and 3He(d,p)4He  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With the assumption that a single s-wave J = 3/2+ reaction amplitude contributes to the 3H(d,n)3He or 3He(d,p)4 reaction at the J = 3/2+ resonance, the relative values of the spin-space transition matrix elements are fixed. These are used to calculate all of the spin-polarization observables

157

Kualitas Hidup Menurut Tafsir Nusantara: Baldatun Thayyibatun wa Rabbun Ghafûr dalam Tafsir Marâh Labîd, Tafsir Al-Azhar, Tafsir An-Nûr, Tafsir Departemen Agama, dan Tafsir Al-Mishbâh  

OpenAIRE

This article analyzed the phrase “baldatun thayyibatun wa rabbun ghafûr”, one of main keywords in Islamic quality of life research, with reference to the interpretations given by tafsir nusantara i.e. Marâh Labîd, Tafsir An Nur, Tafsir Al-Azhar, Al Qur’ân dan Tafsirnya, and Tafsir Al-Mishbâh. The phrase “baldatun thayyibatun wa rabbun ghafûr” was chosen because of its relation with the concept of civilized and sustainable society as UII research orientation, while the selectio...

Andriansyah, Yuli

2013-01-01

158

Project AProWa: a national view on managing trade-offs between agricultural production and conservation of aquatic ecosystems  

Science.gov (United States)

Swiss agriculture is legally committed to fulfill several, partially conflicting goals such as agricultural production on the one hand and the conservation of natural resources on the other hand. In the context of the research project AProWa ("Agricultural Production and Water"), the relationships between the production aspect and the conservation of aquatic ecosystems is analyzed with a holistic approach. Agricultural production and the protection of water resources have high potential for conflicts: Farmers use ground and surface water to irrigate their fields. On the other hand, drainage systems enable the production on otherwise unfavorably wet soils. These in turn often affect ground water recharge and divert precipitation directly into surface waters, which changes their hydrological regime. Typically, drainage systems also elevate the input of nutrients and pesticides into the water bodies. In general, applied fertilizers, plant protection products, veterinary drugs and phytohormones of cultivated plants are introduced into the ground and surface waters through different processes such as drift, leaching, runoff, preferential flow or erosion. They influence the nutrient cycles and ecological health of aquatic systems. The nutrient and pesticide loss processes themselves can be altered by tillage operations and other agricultural practices. Furthermore, the competition for space can lead to additional conflicts between agriculture and the protection of aquatic ecosystems. For example, channelized or otherwise morphologically changed rivers do not have a natural discharge pattern and are often not suitable for the local flora and fauna; but naturally meandering rivers need space that cannot be used for agriculture. In a highly industrialized and densely populated country like Switzerland, all these potential conflicts are of importance. Although it is typically seen as a water-rich country, local and seasonal overexploitation of rivers through water extraction for irrigation can already be documented. Due to drier summers induced by climate change, this phenomenon is expected to gain more importance in the future. Related to water quantity and quality it is crucial to think about the diverging interests between the supply of the population with national agricultural products and the preservation of the water bodies, their ecological value and their other ecosystem services (e.g. drinking water supply). The project AProWa attempts to elucidate trade-offs of national goals for water protection and agricultural production in Switzerland by involving stakeholders from agricultural administration (Federal Office for Agriculture, FOAG), agricultural research (Agroscope), water research (Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Eawag) and environmental protection (Federal Office for the Environment, FOEN). This is done by applying multi-criteria decision analysis facilitating consensus regarding goals and possible activities and alternatives to reach these goals. This is followed by an evaluation of main conflicts and prioritized research gaps. We present preliminary results from workshops and interdisciplinary discussion groups that encompass an objectives hierarchy reflecting agricultural production and water conservation goals. Furthermore, an inventory of agricultural practices and water protection measures is presented, enabling their evaluation for the provision of agricultural production while sustaining aquatic ecosystems.

Dietzel, Anne; Rahn, Eric; Stamm, Christian

2014-05-01

159

The JCMT Nearby Galaxies Legacy Survey V: The CO(J=3-2) Distribution and Molecular Outflow in NGC~4631  

CERN Document Server

We have made the first map of CO(J=3-2) emission covering the disk of the edge-on galaxy, NGC~4631, which is known for its spectacular gaseous halo. The strongest emission, which we model with a Gaussian ring,occurs within a radius of 5 kpc. Weaker disk emission is detected out to radii of 12 kpc, the most extensive molecular component yet seen in this galaxy. From comparisons with infrared data, we find that CO(J=3-2) emission more closely follows the hot dust component, rather than the cold dust,consistent with it being a good tracer of star formation. The first maps of $R_{3-2/1-0}$, H$_2$ mass surface density and SFE have been made for the inner 2.4 kpc radius region. Only 20\\% of the SF occurs in this region and excitation conditions are typical of galaxy disks, rather than of central starbursts. The SFE suggests long gas consumption timescales ($>$ $10^9$ yr). The velocity field is dominated by a steeply rising rotation curve in the region of the central molecular ring followed by a flatter curve in the...

Irwin, Judith A; Wiegert, T; Bendo, G J; Warren, B E; Wang, Q D; Israel, F P; Serjeant, S; Knapen, J H; Brinks, E; Tilanus, R P J; van der Werf, P; Muehle, S

2010-01-01

160

CO J=2-1 and CO J=3-2 observations toward the high-mass protostellar candidate IRAS 20188+3928  

CERN Document Server

We have carried out 12CO J=2-1 and 12CO J=3-2 observations toward the high-mass protostellar candidate IRAS 20188+3928. Compared with previous observations, the 12CO J=2-1 and 12CO J=3-2 lines both have asymmetric profiles with an absorption dip. The velocity of the absorption dip is 1.0 km/s. The spectral shape may be caused by rotation. The velocity-integrated intensity map and position-velocity diagram of the 12CO J=2-1 line present an obvious bipolar component, further verifying that this region has an outflow motion. This region is also associated with an HII region, an IRAS source, and an H2O maser. The H2O maser has the velocity of 1.1 km/s. Compared with the components of the outflow, we find that the H2O maser is not associated with the outflow. Using the large velocity gradient model, we concluded that possible averaged gas densities of the blueshifted lobe and redshifted lobe are 1.0*10^{5}$ cm^{-3} and 2.0*10$^{4} cm^{-3}, while kinetic temperatures are 26.9 K and 52.9 K, respectively. Additionall...

Xu, Jin-Long

2012-01-01

161

A best estimate analysis of LOFT L3-6/L8-1 by RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thermal-hydraulic analysis of LOCE L3-6/L8-1, which is the one of loss-of-coolant experiments (LOCEs) in the loss-of-fluid test (LOFT) facility, was performed by using RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3. Main purpose of the analysis is to assess the capability of the RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code upon the analysis of a small break LOCA in a PWR. The code calculated the thermal-hydraulic behavior in the primary and secondary systems. Calculated results showed good agreement with measured data about break flow, pressure and temperature of the primary system and fluid densities in the intact loop, but the behavior of broken loop and steam generator secondary system were not calculated well. In the course of this analysis, some improvements were found to be necessary on the modeling of pump degradation and coast down, steam generator and stagnant fluid in the broken loop. (author)

162

High Excitation Molecular Gas in the Galactic Center Loops; 12CO(J =2-1 and J =3-2) Observations  

CERN Document Server

We have carried out 12CO(J =2-1) and 12CO(J =3-2) observations at spatial resolutions of 1.0-3.8 pc toward the entirety of loops 1 and 2 and part of loop 3 in the Galactic center with NANTEN2 and ASTE. These new results revealed detailed distributions of the molecular gas and the line intensity ratio of the two transitions, R3-2/2-1. In the three loops, R3-2/2-1 is in a range from 0.1 to 2.5 with a peak at ~ 0.7 while that in the disk molecular gas is in a range from 0.1 to 1.2 with a peak at 0.4. This supports that the loops are more highly excited than the disk molecular gas. An LVG analysis of three transitions, 12CO J =3-2 and 2-1 and 13CO J =2-1, toward six positions in loops 1 and 2 shows density and temperature are in a range 102.2 - 104.7 cm-3 and 15-100 K or higher, respectively. Three regions extended by 50-100 pc in the loops tend to have higher excitation conditions as characterized by R3-2/2-1 greater than 1.2. The highest ratio of 2.5 is found in the most developed foot points between loops 1 an...

Kudo, Natsuko; Machida, Mami; Davis, Timothy A; Tsutsumi, Kazuki; Fujishita, Motusuji; Moribe, Nayuta; Yamamoto, Hiroaki; Okuda, Takeshi; Kawamura, Akiko; Mizuno, Norikazu; Onishi, Toshikazu; Maezawa, Hiroyuki; Mizuno, Akira; Tanaka, Kunihiko; Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki; Ezawa, Hajime; Takahashi, Kunio; Nozawa, Satoshi; Matsumoto, Ryoji; Fukui, Yasuo

2010-01-01

163

Isolation of a new DNA marker in linkage disequilibrium with cystic fibrosis, situated between J3.11 (D7S8) and IRP.  

Science.gov (United States)

A cosmid library of recombinants containing nonmethylated CpG sites for rare-cutter restriction enzymes was used previously to isolate the gene IRP and four polymorphic DNA markers (pPT-3, pXV-2c, pCS.7, and pKM.19) which are close to and in linkage disequilibrium with the cystic fibrosis (CF) mutation. We have analyzed several new clones from the same library and have isolated a further cosmid, cNX.6d, which maps approximately 160 kb from CS.7, in the J3.11 direction. A DNA fragment (pMP6d-9) (D7S399) derived from cosmid cNX.6d detects a frequent polymorphism with MspI. Strong linkage disequilibrium between CF and MP6d-9 is found in European populations. Recombinations in two families suggest that CF is between the MspI polymorphic site recognized by pMP6d-9 and the polymorphism recognized by pJ3.11. The new marker is the closest, to date, to CF and will be useful for prenatal diagnosis and carrier testing. PMID:2565082

Estivill, X; McLean, C; Nunes, V; Casals, T; Gallano, P; Scambler, P; Williamson, R

1989-05-01

164

Sunlight-induced inactivation of human Wa and porcine OSU rotaviruses in the presence of exogenous photosensitizers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Human rotavirus Wa and porcine rotavirus OSU solutions were irradiated with simulated solar UV and visible light in the presence of different photosensitizers dissolved in buffered solutions. For human rotavirus, the exogenous effects were greater than the endogenous effects under irradiation with full spectrum and UVA and visible light at 25 °C. For porcine rotavirus, the exogenous effects with UVA and visible light irradiation were only observed at high temperatures, >40 °C. The results from dark experiments conducted at different temperatures suggest that porcine rotavirus has higher thermostability than human rotavirus. Concentrations of 3'-MAP excited triplet states of 1.8 fM and above resulted in significant human rotavirus inactivation. The measured excited triplet state concentrations of ?0.45 fM produced by UVA and visible light irradiation of natural dissolved organic matter solutions were likely not directly responsible for rotavirus inactivation. Instead, the linear correlation for human rotavirus inactivation rate constant (kobs) with the phenol degradation rate constant (kexp) found in both 1 mM NaHCO3 and 1 mM phosphate-buffered solutions suggested that OH radical was a major reactive species for the exogenous inactivation of rotaviruses. Linear correlations between rotavirus kobs and specific UV254 nm absorbance of two river-dissolved organic matter and two effluent organic matter isolates indicated that organic matter aromaticity may help predict formation of radicals responsible for rotavirus inactivation. The results from this study also suggested that the differences in rotavirus strains should be considered when predicting solar inactivation of rotavirus in sunlit surface waters. PMID:23978054

Romero-Maraccini, Ofelia C; Sadik, Nora J; Rosado-Lausell, Sahid L; Pugh, Charles R; Niu, Xi-Zhi; Croué, Jean-Philippe; Nguyen, Thanh H

2013-10-01

165

ADSORPTION TECHNOLOGIES - EVERETT, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The presentation provides an overview of adsorptive media technology for the removal of arsenic from drinking water. The presentation is divided into four topics: Technology, Application, Design and Operation. Each topic is discussed in general and a number of photographs from th...

166

Extremely Strong ^{13}CO J=3-2 Line in the "Water Fountain" IRAS 16342-3814: Evidence for the Hot-Bottom Burning  

CERN Document Server

We observed four "water fountain" sources in the CO J=3-2 line emission with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (ASTE) 10 m telescope in 2010-2011. The water fountain sources are evolved stars that form high-velocity collimated jets traced by water maser emission. The CO line was detected only from IRAS 16342-3814. The present work confirmed that the ^{12}CO to ^{13}CO line intensity ratio is ~1.5 at the systemic velocity. We discuss the origins of the very low ^{12}CO to ^{13}CO intensity ratio, as possible evidence for the "hot-bottom burning" in an oxygen-rich star, and the CO intensity variation in IRAS 16342-3814.

Imai, Hiroshi; He, Jin-Hua; Nakashima, Jun-ichi; Hsia, Chih-Hao; Sakai, Takeshi; Deguchi, Shuji; Koning, Nico

2012-01-01

167

Transpiration, growth and latex production of a Hevea brasiliensis stand facing drought in Northeast Thailand : the use of the WaNuLCAS model as an exploratory tool  

OpenAIRE

In order to get the benefit of the growing world demand for natural rubber, Hevea brasiliensis is increasingly planted in drought-prone areas, such as in the southern part of northeast Thailand. Modelling can be a useful approach in identifying key points of improvement for rubber tree cultivation in such waterlimited areas. The first objective of this study was to test the possibility of using the Water Nutrients and Light Capture in Agroforestry Systems (WaNuLCAS) model as an exploratory to...

Boithias, Laurie; Do, Frederic; Isarangkool Na Ayutthaya, Supat; Junjittakarn, Junyia; Siltecho, S.; Hammecker, Claude

2012-01-01

168

Nautical Radar Measurements in Europe: Applications of WaMoS II as a Sensor for Sea State, Current and Bathymetry  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents the remote sensing techniques of measuring sea states, currents and bathymetry by using an X-band nautical radar. It briefly describes the fundamental methods to infer sea state information (e.g. ocean wave and current parameters) from nautical radar imagery. In addition, this work describes in detail the performance of the Wave Monitoring System WaMoS II (a commercial system for real-time monitoring of wave fields based on nautical radar technology). Two examples of nauti...

Hessner, Katrin; Nieto-borge, Jose Carlos; Bell, Paul

2008-01-01

169

Strange particle production p-Be, p-Pb, Pb-Pb at 158 A GeV/c (WA97 experiment)  

CERN Document Server

The CERN experiment WA97, which studies strange particle production at central rapidity in Pb-Pb, p-Pb, p-Be collisions at 158 A GeV/c, has already reported a pronounced enhancement of hyperon production. This is considered as a sensitive signature for a phase transition to a new state of matter-the quark gluon plasma (QGP). A comprehensive study, including the most recent results, of yields and transverse mass spectra of K/sub S//sup 0/, Lambda , Xi /sup -/, Omega /sup -/ (and antiparticles) and negative particles as a function of the number of nucleons participating in the collisions is presented. (11 refs).

Antinori, Federico; Beusch, Werner; Bloodworth, Ian J; Caliandro, R; Carrer, N; Di Bari, D; Di Liberto, S; Elia, D; Evans, D; Fanebust, K; Fini, R A; Ftácnik, J; Ghidini, B; Grella, G; Helstrup, H; Holme, A K; Huss, D; Jacholkowski, A; Jones, G T; Kinson, J B; Knudson, K; Králik, I; Lenti, V; Lietava, R; Loconsole, R A; Løvhøiden, G; Manzari, V; Mazzoni, M A; Meddi, F; Michalon, A; Michalon-Mentzer, M E; Morando, M; Norman, P I; Pastircák, B; Quercigh, Emanuele; Romano, G; Safarík, K; Sándor, L; Segato, G F; Staroba, P; Thompson, M; Thorsteinsen, T F; Torrieri, G D; Tveter, T S; Urbán, J; Villalobos Baillie, O; Virgili, T; Votruba, M F; Závada, P

2001-01-01

170

Selective adsorption of Pt ions from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion exchange resin Diaion WA21J.  

Science.gov (United States)

Thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Pt ions complexes from the chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. It was found that only Si, Pt, Rh and Pd from the solution were selectively adsorbed on the resin Diaion WA21J more strongly. The adsorption equilibrium time for Pt ions was about 20 h. The isothermal adsorption of Pt ions was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and DKR models. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Q(max) and X(m) of Pt ions on the resin based on Langmuir and DKR model were 4.85, 5.36 and 5.69 mg/g as well as 5.01, 5.63 and 5.98 mg/g for temperatures 18°C, 28°C and 40°C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy E(ad) based on DKR model were -11.79, -11.04 and -11.04 kJ/mol for the temperatures 18°C, 28°C and 40°C, respectively. Ion exchange was the mechanism involved in the adsorption process. The adsorption of Pt ions on the resin underwent pseudo-first-order kinetic process, and the apparent adsorption activation energy E(a,1) was 12.6 kJ/mol. The intraparticle diffusion of Pt ions was a main rate-controlling step in most of time of adsorption process. PMID:21930283

Shen, Shaobo; Guishen, Liang; Pan, Tonglin; He, JunZhang; Guo, Zhanchen

2011-12-15

171

Bezymianny and Shiveluch Volcanoes, Kamchatka, Russia and Mount St. Helens, WA: Response of Volcanoes That Have Experienced Edifice Collapse  

Science.gov (United States)

Comparison of volcanic sequences characterized by shallow intrusion, edifice collapse, and paroxysmal eruption, subsequent dome-building and intermittent explosive activity enables a broader analysis of the factors that control magmatic systems at arc volcanoes. Three historic eruptions displaying such a sequence of events are Bezymianny Volcano, Kamchatka, 1956 Shiveluch Volcano, Kamchatka, 1964 and Mount St. Helens, WA, 1980. Here we present field observations and results of petrologic analyses to investigate the eruption response by volcanoes which have experienced edifice collapse. On December 24, 2006 Bezymianny experienced a large eruption producing pyroclastic flows, and lahars, followed by another eruption on May 11, 2007. In August, 2007 we observed that a large portion of the dome was removed and a new lava flow was visible at the summit. Bulk chemical trends from 1956 to 2006 show a trend toward more mafic compositions (61 to 57 wt.% SiO2). Observed increases in matrix crystallinity may be attributed to slower ascent rates. Microprobe analyses of plagioclases show different textural classes and multiple heating events. Oxide thermometry shows an increase in temperature from 800 to 950°C. These factors indicate a mafic source rejuvenating the system. On February 27, 2005 Shiveluch volcano experienced its largest eruption since 1964. Currently, Shiveluch is in a dome-building phase with associated explosive events, rock falls, and pyroclastic flows. As of July 2007, the dome has almost completely been rebuilt, indicating a rapid extrusion rate. From 1964 to 2005, Shiveluch exhibits a bulk chemical trend toward more silicic compositions (59 to 64 wt.% SiO2) and a decrease in crystallinity. An increase in the variability of plagioclase composition and zoning in recent deposits suggests reheating. Injection of mafic magma may be reheating the base of the silicic chamber and producing the changes in crystallinity, leading to intensification of Shiveluch activity. Mount St. Helens returned to unrest on September 23, 2004 with small explosions and dome extrusion that reached a volume of 91.7x106 m3 by April 20, 2007. The 2004 dacite is geochemically uniform (65 wt.% SiO2) and phenocryst-rich, with similar major-element composition to the most evolved 1980-1986 dacite, but with trace-element characteristics that suggest tapping a region of the 5 to 15-km-deep reservoir. Although there is no direct evidence of ongoing mafic recharge in the current eruption, past eruptive episodes indicate such recharge. In addition, larger deformations than expected for the current erupted volume and the 3- year long low-rate eruption suggests ongoing recharge at depth. An intriguing possibility is unloading by sector collapse results in changes in the deep levels of magmatic systems and that these changes require decades to be seen in eruptive products at the surface.

Shipman, J. S.; Pallister, J.; Gorbach, N.; Belousova, M.; Gavrilenko, M.; Krivomazova, O.; Izbekov, P.; Eichelberger, J.

2007-12-01

172

Material properties of high Cr-Mo steel (5). Mechanical properties of SUS410J3 welded joint and base metal aged for 12,000h  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The high chromium (Cr) ferritic steels have both excellent thermal properties and high temperature strength. Therefore, the applicability of high Cr ferritic steels for structural material of the future advanced Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) is investigated. In this study, creep tests and metallurgical observations are preformed in order to investigate the mechanical properties on SUS410J3 welded joint at operation temperature in FBR. Furthermore, tensile, impact tests and metallurgical observations after thermal aging at 600degC for 12,000 hours are preformed in order to clarify the influence of thermal aging on mechanical properties and microstructure stability of SUS410J3 base metal. As a result, following conclusions are obtained; Creep rupture properties of welded joints up to about 3,000 hours were obtained at 550degC and 600dgC. In this study, the creep rupture strength was increased in order of welded joint, base metal (SR treatment), base metal and weld metal. Creep ductility remarkably decreased at 600degC for about 2,000 hours. It supposed that Type IV damage take place because the failure occurred at fine grain HAZ near the base metal. Creep tests are under going to evaluate long term mechanical properties. Impact tests and high temperature tensile tests of the base metal aged at 600degC for 12,000h were performed. Microstructure stability after aging were also studied using a scanning electron microscope. The aging condition is corresponding to exposure at 5ondition is corresponding to exposure at 550degC for 350,000h based on L.M.P. The decreasing of the impact properties with aging were saturated in 6,000 hours at 873 K. The upper shelf energy (USE) of base metal aged at 600degC for 12,000h was about 0.6-0.7 times of unaged. Ultimate tensile strength and 0.2% proof stress were slightly decreased with aging. It was supposed that reasons were caused by deposits, such as M23C6 and so on. (author)

173

Corrosion Properties of Duplex Stainless Steels - STS329LD and STS329J3L - for the Seawater Systems in Nuclear Power Plant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Lean duplex stainless steels have been developed in Korea for the purpose of being used in the seawater systems of industry. There are also many important seawater systems in nuclear power plants. These systems supply seawater to cooling water condenser tubes, heat exchanger tubes, related pipes and chlorine injection systems. The flow velocity of some part of seawater systems in nuclear power plants is high and damages of components from corrosion are severe. The considered lean duplex stainless steels are STS329LD (20.3Cr-2.2Ni-1.4Mo) and STS329J3L (22.4Cr-5.7Ni-3Mo) and PRENs of them are 29.4 and 37.3 respectively. Physical, mechanical and micro-structural properties of them are evaluated, and electrochemical corrosion resistance is measured quantitatively in NaCl solution. Critical Pitting Temperatures (CPT)s are measured on these alloys and pit depths are evaluated using laser microscope. Long period field tests on these alloys are now being performed, and some results are going to be presented in the following study

174

Corrosion Properties of Duplex Stainless Steels - STS329LD and STS329J3L - for the Seawater Systems in Nuclear Power Plant  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Lean duplex stainless steels have been developed in Korea for the purpose of being used in the seawater systems of industry. There are also many important seawater systems in nuclear power plants. These systems supply seawater to cooling water condenser tubes, heat exchanger tubes, related pipes and chlorine injection systems. The flow velocity of some part of seawater systems in nuclear power plants is high and damages of components from corrosion are severe. The considered lean duplex stainless steels are STS329LD (20.3Cr-2.2Ni-1.4Mo) and STS329J3L (22.4Cr-5.7Ni-3Mo) and PRENs of them are 29.4 and 37.3 respectively. Physical, mechanical and micro-structural properties of them are evaluated, and electrochemical corrosion resistance is measured quantitatively in NaCl solution. Critical Pitting Temperatures (CPT)s are measured on these alloys and pit depths are evaluated using laser microscope. Long period field tests on these alloys are now being performed, and some results are going to be presented in the following study.

Chang, Hyun Young; Park, Heung Bae [Korea Electric Power Corporation E and C, Yongin (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Sik [Andong National University, Andong (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Sang Kon [POSCO, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); Jang, Yoon Young [ANSCO, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2011-04-15

175

High resolution observations of HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 in the disk and outflow of Mrk231 -Detection of vibrationally excited HCN in the warped nucleus  

CERN Document Server

We obtained high resolution (0."25 to 0."90) observations of HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 of the ultraluminous QSO galaxy Mrk231 with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. We find luminous HCN and HCO+ 3-2 emission in the main disk and we detect compact (r350 pc) line wings are found for HCN 3-2 with velocities +-750 km/s. Line ratios indicate that the emission is emerging in dense gas n=1e4 - 5e5 cm-3 of elevated HCN abundance X(HCN)=1e-8 to 1e-6. High X(HCN) also allows for the emission to originate in gas of more moderate density. We tentatively detect nuclear emission from the reactive ion HOC+ with HCO+/HOC+=10-20. The HCN v2=1f line emission is consistent with the notion of a hot, dusty, warped inner disk of Mrk231 where the v2=1f line is excited by bright mid-IR 14 micron continuum. We estimate the vibrational temperature T_vib to 200-400 K. We propose that 50% of the main HCN emission may have its excitation affected by the radiation field through IR pumping of the vibrational ground state. The HCN emission ...

Aalto, S; Muller, S; Winters, J M; Gonzalez-Alfonso, E; van der Werf, P; Henkel, C; Costagliola, F; Neri, R

2014-01-01

176

Partners in International Research and Education: Student Contributions to the Collaborative Investigation of Bezymianny, Shiveluch, and Karymsky Volcanoes, Kamchatka, Russia and Mount St. Helens, WA, USA.  

Science.gov (United States)

Undergraduate and graduate students as well as senior researchers from the U.S., Russia, and Japan are investigating volcanism as participants of the National Science Foundation initiative Partners in International Research and Education (PIRE). The goal of this study is to use the benefits of global comparisons to increase our understanding of explosive volcanism while at the same time developing international collaboration between scientists in the U.S., Russia, and Japan. International collaboration is established through field work in Kamchatka, Russia investigating the active systems of Bezymianny, Shiveluch, and Karymsky volcanoes with a specific focus on historic collapse-blast type eruptions. The Kamchatka volcanic arc provides unique access to multiple active volcanic systems that can be compared and contrasted to the well-studied behavior at Mount St. Helens, WA., USA. Conversely, Mount St. Helens also provides a field setting for Russian and Japanese students to be incorporated in U.S. research. Student participants employ their respective techniques in geochemistry, geophysics, petrology, and remote sensing to study the eruption response of Bezymianny and Shiveluch volcanoes, which have experienced edifice collapse. During the 2008 field season, the increased activity at Bezymianny volcano shortened a planned field expedition. In order to preserve the integrity of the program and provide a safer environment for researchers, alternative field studies began at Karymsky volcano. In July, an anonymously large eruption at Karymsky volcano permitted the collection of unique real-time data of the eruptive event. Here we present student research from three field seasons in the Kamchatka volcanic arc and associated workshops at Mount St. Helens, WA. Results include estimates of magma storage depth, gas emissions measurements, evidence for dynamic thermal regime changes in fresh volcanic deposits, and data constraining magma inputs and sources at each volcano. By contrasting and comparing these systems through integrated study we have the opportunity to isolate factors driving transitions between effusive and explosive activity to better predict the timing of such transitions.

Shipman, J. S.; Kayzar, T. M.; Team, P.

2008-12-01

177

The conflicts and dialogues among techno-developmental, ecological, and indigenous paradigms in a globalized modernity: A case study of the U'wa people's resistance against oil development in Colombia  

Science.gov (United States)

The literature regarding indigenous eco-politics often provides only a partial explanation about interactions among indigenous peoples, environmental NGOs, and players of resource extraction activities. The dissertation argues that previous studies often fossilize indigenous people in time and space by treating them and their worldviews as static. Against this background, the dissertation draws on paradigm analysis and demonstrates how this approach can help tease out the dynamism and complexity inherent to the interactions between paradigm actors, thus helping us reanalyze indigenous peoples and their paradigms as dynamic and evolving venues for creative possibilities. Extensive literature review and field observation are utilized to examine the case study of interactions among the U'wa, environmental NGOs, Occidental Petroleum, Ecopetrol, and the Colombian government. The case study reveals that oil development activities have heralded sharp conflicts among various paradigm actors. It shows how such conflicts and ensuing dialogues among paradigm actors have led to paradigm changes over time and across scales of organization. We find that the U'wa indigenous paradigm poses a legal, political, and cultural challenge to the techno-developmental paradigm of oil development. We find further that paradigm conflicts are both opportunities and challenges for the U'wa to engage with the modern legal system of Colombia. The case study also reveals that complementarities between paradigms are useful starting points for coalitions between the U'wa and environmental NGOs. The ability to cross scales of socio-political organization enabled by modern communication technologies has helped the U'wa and environmental NGOs to successfully challenge the dominant paradigm and its resource extraction activities. However, it also shows that additional political conditions are necessary for successful coalitions between two actors. The case study demonstrates that the U'wa's contemporary reality denies a static image. Therefore, the case study suggests that conventional understanding of the U'wa people and their indigenous paradigm should be re-evaluated. In conclusion, we find that interactions among different paradigm actors are multi-dimensional, dynamic, and complex in character. As economic and political circumstances change, so do practices of each paradigm holder, where the paradigms themselves become dynamic and malleable rather than remaining static. Thus, we need to constantly reanalyze and decode paradigms in order to capture the dynamism and fully grasp contemporary indigenous eco-politics.

Lee, Taehwa

178

Characterization of the environmental fate of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kaurstaki (Btk) after pest eradication efforts in Seattle, WA and Fairfax county, VA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Understanding the fate of biological agents in the environment will be critical to recovery and restoration efforts after a biological attack. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is conducting experiments in the Seattle, WA and Fairfax County, VA areas to study agent fate in urban environments. As part of their gypsy moth suppression efforts, Washington State and Fairfax County have sprayed Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (Btk), a common organic pesticide for decades. Many of the spray zones have been in or near urban areas. LANL has collected surface and bulk samples from historical Seattle spray zones to characterize how long Btk persists at detectable levels in the environment, and how long it remains viable in different environmental matrices. This work will attempt to address three questions. First, how long does the agent remain viable at detectable levels? Second, what is the approximate magnitude and duration of resuspension? And third, does the agent transport into buildings? Data designed to address the first question will be presented. Preliminary results indicate Btk remains viable in the environment for at least two years.

Ticknor, Lawrence [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van Cuyk, Sheila M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Deshpande, Alina [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Omberg, Kristin M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01

179

Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (Kd) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Qmax based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 deg. C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process.

180

Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J.  

Science.gov (United States)

It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (K(d)) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Q(max) based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 degrees C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process. PMID:20346581

Shen, Shaobo; Pan, Tonglin; Liu, Xinqiang; Yuan, Lei; Wang, Jinchao; Zhang, Yongjian; Guo, Zhanchen

2010-07-15

181

Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (K{sub d}) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Q{sub max} based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 deg. C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process.

Shen Shaobo, E-mail: shaoboshen@metall.ustb.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Ecological and Recycling Metallurgy, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100083 (China); Department of Physical Chemistry, School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Pan Tonglin; Liu Xinqiang; Yuan Lei [Key Laboratory of Ecological and Recycling Metallurgy, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100083 (China); Wang Jinchao [Key Laboratory of Ecological and Recycling Metallurgy, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100083 (China); Department of Physical Chemistry, School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Zhang Yongjian; Guo Zhanchen [Key Laboratory of Ecological and Recycling Metallurgy, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100083 (China)

2010-07-15

182

Identifying Pathfinder Elements for Gold in Multi-Element Soil Geochemical Data from the Wa-Lawra Belt, Northwest Ghana: A Multivariate Statistical Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A multivariate statistical analysis was performed on multi-element soil geochemical data from the Koda Hill-Bulenga gold prospects in the Wa-Lawra gold belt, northwest Ghana. The objectives of the study were to define gold relationships with other trace elements to determine possible pathfinder elements for gold from the soil geochemical data. The study focused on seven elements, namely, Au, Fe, Pb, Mn, Ag, As and Cu. Factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were performed on the analyzed samples. Factor analysis explained 79.093% of the total variance of the data through three factors. This had the gold factor being factor 3, having associations of copper, iron, lead and manganese and accounting for 20.903% of the total variance. From hierarchical clustering, gold was also observed to be clustering with lead, copper, arsenic and silver. There was further indication that, gold concentrations were lower than that of its associations. It can be inferred from the results that, the occurrence of gold and its associated elements can be linked to both primary dispersion from underlying rocks and secondary processes such as lateritization. This data shows that Fe and Mn strongly associated with gold, and alongside Pb, Ag, As and Cu, these elements can be used as pathfinders for gold in the area, with ferruginous zones as targets.

John Mahfouz Asigri

2012-02-01

183

THE SCHOOL OF AHL AL-SUNNAH WA AL-JAMA`AH AND THE ATTACHMENT OF INDONESIAN MUSLIMS TO ITS DOCTRINES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The doctrine of Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama`ah has been exploited by two major Muslim organizations in Indonesia, NU and Muhammadiyah, as the theological basis in determining their religious identity and rituals. Although these organizations claim that all Muslims should adhere to the doctrines of Ahl al-Sunnah, they have never clearly defined that term. This paper discusses in detail the meaning of the term followed by an examination of the ways in which those two Muslim organizations attach themselves to this doctrine. This paper argues that, although the NU links itself to this doctrine, it is still necessary to critically examine to what extent its members apply the doctrines of Ahl al-Sunnah in their daily life. Muhammadiyah, on the other hand, is not obsessed with the claim of being faithful to the doctrines of Ahl al-Sunnah, although its constitution mentions that they advocate theological creeds which are evidently in line with the precepts of Ahl al-Sunnah.

Fauzan Saleh

2008-06-01

184

An unedited 1.1 kb mitochondrial orfB gene transcript in the Wild Abortive Cytoplasmic Male Sterility (WA-CMS) system of Oryza sativa L. subsp. indica  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background The application of hybrid rice technology has significantly increased global rice production during the last three decades. Approximately 90% of the commercially cultivated rice hybrids have been derived through three-line breeding involving the use of WA-CMS lines. It is believed that during the 21st century, hybrid rice technology will make significant contributions to ensure global food security. This study examined the poorly understood mole...

Maiti Mrinal K; Chakraborti Papia; Chakraborty Anirban; Sen Supriya; Das Srirupa; Basu Asitava; Basu Debabrata; Sen Soumitra K

2010-01-01

185

Molecular and phenetic characterization of the bacterial assemblage of Hot Lake, WA, an environment with high concentrations of magnesium sulphate, and its relevance to Mars  

Science.gov (United States)

Hot Lake (Oroville, WA) is an athalassohaline epsomite lake that can have precipitating concentrations of MgSO4 salts, mainly epsomite. Little biotic study has been done on epsomite lakes and it was unclear whether microbes isolated from epsomite lakes and their margins would fall within recognized halotolerant genera, common soil genera or novel phyla. Our initial study cultivated and characterized epsotolerant bacteria from the lake and its margins. Approximately 100 aerobic heterotrophic microbial isolates were obtained by repetitive streak-plating in high-salt media including either 10% NaCl or 2 M MgSO4. The collected isolates were all bacteria, nearly evenly divided between Gram-positive and Gram-negative clades, the most abundant genera being Halomonas, Idiomarina, Marinobacter, Marinococcus, Nesterenkonia, Nocardiopsis and Planococcus. Bacillus, Corynebacterium, Exiguobacterium, Kocuria and Staphylococcus also were cultured. This initial study included culture-independent community analysis of direct DNA extracts of lake margin soil using PCR-based clone libraries and 16S rRNA gene phylogeny. Clones assigned to Gram-positive bacterial clades (70% of total clones) were dominated by sequences related to uncultured actinobacteria. There were abundant Deltaproteobacteria clones related to bacterial sulphur metabolisms and clones of Legionella and Coxiella. These epsomite lake microbial communities seem to be divided between bacteria primarily associated with hyperhaline environments rich in NaCl and salinotolerant relatives of common soil organisms. Archaea appear to be in low abundance and none were isolated, despite near-saturated salinities. Growth of microbes at very high concentrations of magnesium and other sulphates has relevance to planetary protection and life-detection missions to Mars, where scant liquid water may form as deliquescent brines and appear as eutectic liquids.

Kilmer, Brian R.; Eberl, Timothy C.; Cunderla, Brent; Chen, Fei; Clark, Benton C.; Schneegurt, Mark A.

2014-01-01

186

Molecular and Phenetic Characterization of the Bacterial Assemblage of Hot Lake, WA, an Environment with High Concentrations of Magnesium Sulfate, and Its Relevance to Mars.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hot Lake (Oroville, WA) is an athalassohaline epsomite lake that can have precipitating concentrations of MgSO4 salts, mainly epsomite. Little biotic study has been done on epsomite lakes and it was unclear whether microbes isolated from epsomite lakes and their margins would fall within recognized halotolerant genera, common soil genera, or novel phyla. Our initial study cultivated and characterized epsotolerant bacteria from the lake and its margins. Approximately 100 aerobic heterotrophic microbial isolates were obtained by repetitive streak-plating in high-salt media including either 10% NaCl or 2 M MgSO4. The collected isolates were all bacteria, nearly evenly divided between Gram-positive and Gram-negative clades, the most abundant genera being Halomonas, Idiomarina, Marinobacter, Marinococcus, Nesterenkonia, Nocardiopsis, and Planococcus. Bacillus, Corynebacterium, Exiguobacterium, Kocuria, and Staphylococcus also were cultured. This initial study included culture-independent community analysis of direct DNA extracts of lake margin soil using PCR-based clone libraries and 16S rRNA gene phylogeny. Clones assigned Gram-positive bacterial clades (70% of total clones) were dominated by sequences related to uncultured actinobacteria. There were abundant Deltaproteobacteria clones related to bacterial sulfur metabolisms and clones of Legionella and Coxiella. These epsomite lake microbial communities seem to be divided between bacteria primarily associated with hyperhaline environments rich in NaCl and salinotolerant relatives of common soil organisms. Archaea appear to be in low abundance and none were isolated, despite near-saturated salinities. Growth of microbes at very high concentrations of magnesium and other sulfates has relevance to planetary protection and life-detection missions to Mars, where scant liquid water may form as deliquescent brines and appear as eutectic liquids. PMID:24748851

Kilmer, Brian R; Eberl, Timothy C; Cunderla, Brent; Chen, Fei; Clark, Benton C; Schneegurt, Mark A

2014-01-01

187

THE ARIZONA RADIO OBSERVATORY CO MAPPING SURVEY OF GALACTIC MOLECULAR CLOUDS. II. THE W3 REGION IN CO J = 2-1, 13CO J = 2-1, AND CO J = 3-2 EMISSION  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present fully sampled 38'' resolution maps of the CO and 13CO J = 2-1 lines in the molecular clouds toward the H II region complex W3. The maps cover a 2.00 x 1.067 section of the galactic plane and span -70 to -20 km s-1 (LSR) in velocity with a resolution of ?1.3 km s-1. The velocity range of the images includes all the gas in the Perseus spiral arm. We also present maps of CO J = 3-2 emission for a 0.05 x 0.033 area containing the H II regions W3 Main and W3(OH). The J = 3-2 maps have velocity resolution of 0.87 km s-1 and 24'' angular resolution. Color figures display the peak line brightness temperature, the velocity-integrated intensity, and velocity channel maps for all three lines, and also the (CO/13CO) J = 2-1 line intensity ratios as a function of velocity. The line intensity image cubes are made available in standard FITS format as electronically readable files. We compare our molecular line maps with the 1.1 mm continuum image from the BOLOCAM Galactic Plane Survey (BGPS). From our 13CO image cube, we derive kinematic information for the 65 BGPS sources in the mapped field, in the form of Gaussian component fits.

188

Sub-millimeter Observations of Giant Molecular Clouds in the Large Magellanic Cloud: Temperature and Density as Determined from J=3-2 and J=1-0 transitions of CO  

CERN Document Server

We have carried out sub-mm 12CO(J=3-2) observations of 6 giant molecular clouds (GMCs) in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) with the ASTE 10m sub-mm telescope at a spatial resolution of 5 pc and very high sensitivity. We have identified 32 molecular clumps in the GMCs and revealed significant details of the warm and dense molecular gas with n(H2) $\\sim$ 10$^{3-5}$ cm$^{-3}$ and Tkin $\\sim$ 60 K. These data are combined with 12CO(J=1-0) and 13CO(J=1-0) results and compared with LVG calculations. We found that the ratio of 12CO(J=3-2) to 12CO(J=1-0) emission is sensitive to and is well correlated with the local Halpha flux. We interpret that differences of clump propeties represent an evolutionary sequence of GMCs in terms of density increase leading to star formation.Type I and II GMCs (starless GMCs and GMCs with HII regions only, respectively) are at the young phase of star formation where density does not yet become high enough to show active star formation and Type III GMCs (GMCs with HII regions and young ...

Minamidani, T; Mizuno, Y; Kawamura, A; Onishi, T; Hasegawa, T; Tatematsu, K; Ikeda, M; Moriguchi, Y; Yamaguchi, N; Ott, J; Wong, T; Müller, E; Pineda, J L; Hughes, A; Staveley-Smith, L; Klein, U; Mizuno, A; NikoliÄ?, S; Booth, R S; Heikkilä, A; Nyman, L -A; Lerner, M; Garay, G; Kim, S; Fujishita, M; Kawase, T; Rubio, M; Fukui, Y

2007-01-01

189

WA7 - View from downstream  

CERN Multimedia

With this set-up the Annecy (LAPP)-CERN-Copenhagen(Niels Bohr Institute)-Genova-Oslo-University College London Collaboration investigated large-angle elastic scattering of charged mesons and antiprotons on protons, first at 20 and 30 GeV/c, later at 50 GeV/c. The beam H1 (from top) passes two CEDAR counters (centre) before entering the one-metre long liquid hydrogen target, partly inside a magnet of 1.56 T, with a field volume of about 1.50x0.75x1.50 m3. In the foreground one sees on the left the hadron calorimeter of the 'slow' arm; on the right, are scintillation hodoscopes and behind them, a treshold Cerenkov counter of the 'fast' arm.

1977-01-01

190

Adsorption of Pd(II) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion exchange resin Diaion WA21J.  

Science.gov (United States)

It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Pd(II) contained in the chloride solution obtained from the dry chlorination process, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Pd(II) complexes from the chloride solutions on anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. It was found that Pd, Pt, Rh, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The isothermal adsorption of Pd(II) was found to fit Freundlich, Langmuir and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The adsorption of Pd(II) on the resin was favorable according to the values of 1/n and R(L) from Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, respectively. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Q(max) based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 5.70, 4.84 and 4.05 mg/g and the corresponding value X(m) based on Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich were 5.55, 4.69 and 4.01 mg/g at temperatures 18 degrees C, 28 degrees C and 40 degrees C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energies (E(ad)) based on Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich isotherm were -15.43, -16.22 and -23.57 kJ/mol for the temperatures 18 degrees C, 28 degrees C and 40 degrees C, respectively. Chemical adsorption was a main mechanism involved in the adsorption process. Pd(II) adsorption on the resin could be accelerated by increasing the adsorption temperature. The adsorption of Pd(II) from the chloride solution on the resin underwent pseudo-first order kinetic process and the apparent adsorption activation energy E(a) was 15.0 kJ/mol. The intra-particle diffusion was a main rate controlling step in the Pd(II) adsorption process under the adsorption conditions. PMID:20153863

Shen, Shaobo; Pan, Tonglin; Liu, Xinqiang; Yuan, Lei; Zhang, Yongjian; Wang, Jinchao; Guo, Zhanchen

2010-05-01

191

An unedited 1.1 kb mitochondrial orfB gene transcript in the Wild Abortive Cytoplasmic Male Sterility (WA-CMS system of Oryza sativa L. subsp. indica  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The application of hybrid rice technology has significantly increased global rice production during the last three decades. Approximately 90% of the commercially cultivated rice hybrids have been derived through three-line breeding involving the use of WA-CMS lines. It is believed that during the 21st century, hybrid rice technology will make significant contributions to ensure global food security. This study examined the poorly understood molecular basis of the WA-CMS system in rice. Results RFLPs were detected for atp6 and orfB genes in sterile and fertile rice lines, with one copy of each in the mt-genome. The RNA profile was identical in both lines for atp6, but an additional longer orfB transcript was identified in sterile lines. 5' RACE analysis of the long orfB transcript revealed it was 370 bp longer than the normal transcript, with no indication it was chimeric when compared to the genomic DNA sequence. cDNA clones of the longer orfB transcript in sterile lines were sequenced and the transcript was determined unedited. Sterile lines were crossed with the restorer and maintainer lines, and fertile and sterile F1 hybrids were respectively generated. Both hybrids contained two types of orfB transcripts. However, the long transcript underwent editing in the fertile F1 hybrids and remained unedited in the sterile lines. Additionally, the editing of the 1.1 kb orfB transcript co-segregated with fertility restoring alleles in a segregating population of F2 progeny; and the presence of unedited long orfB transcripts was detected in the sterile plants from the F2 segregating population. Conclusion This study helped to assign plausible operative factors responsible for male-sterility in the WA cytoplasm of rice. A new point of departure to dissect the mechanisms governing the CMS-WA system in rice has been identified, which can be applied to further harness the opportunities afforded by hybrid vigor in rice.

Maiti Mrinal K

2010-03-01

192

RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3: a JAERI improved version of RELAP4/MOD6 for transient thermal-hydraulic analysis of LWR including effects of BWR core spray  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code is the latest version of RELAP4/MOD6/Update4 improved in JAERI. The major improvements and modifications included in this version have been carried out aiming at small break LOCA analysis and BWR-LOCA analysis after core spray initiation. For example, a CCFL calculation model and a spray heat transfer model have been added for BWR-LOCA analysis. Using these models, through calculation from the beginning of blowdown to the end of reflood in BWR-LOCA was made practicable. Furthermore, the analyses of operational transients of LWR were facilitated greatly by an addition of a trip reset function. In this report, the description of the improvements and modifications included in this version, the input data description, and the results of two sample problems are contained. (author)

193

High resolution observations of HCN and HCO+J = 3-2 in the disk and outflow of Mrk 231. Detection of vibrationally excited HCN in the warped nucleus  

Science.gov (United States)

Aims: Our goal is to study molecular gas properties in nuclei and large scale outflows/winds from active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and starburst galaxies. Methods: We obtained high resolution (0.?25 to 0.?90) observations of HCN and HCO+J = 3 ? 2 of the ultraluminous QSO galaxy Mrk 231 with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer (PdBI). Results: We find luminous HCN and HCO+J = 3 ? 2 emission in the main disk and we detect compact (r ? 0''&dotbelow;1 (90 pc)) vibrationally excited HCN J = 3 ? 2?2 = 1f emission centred on the nucleus. The velocity field of the vibrationally excited HCN is strongly inclined (position angle PA = 155°) compared to the east-west rotation of the main disk. The nuclear (r ? 0.?1) molecular mass is estimated to 8 × 108 M? with an average N(H2) of 1.2 × 1024 cm-2. Prominent, spatially extended (?350 pc) line wings are found for HCN J = 3 ? 2 with velocities up to ± 750 km s-1. Line ratios indicate that the emission is emerging in dense gas n = 104-5 × 105 cm-3 of elevated HCN abundance X(HCN) = 10-8-10-6. The highest X(HCN) also allows for the emission to originate in gas of more moderate density. We tentatively detect nuclear emission from the reactive ion HOC+ with HCO+/HOC+ = 10-20. Conclusions: The HCN ?2 = 1f line emission is consistent with the notion of a hot, dusty, warped inner disk of Mrk 231 where the ?2 = 1f line is excited by bright mid-IR 14 ?m continuum. We estimate the vibrational temperature Tvib to 200-400 K. Based on relative source sizes we propose that 50% of the main HCN emission may have its excitation affected by the radiation field through IR pumping of the vibrational ground state. The HCN emission in the line wings, however, is more extended and thus likely not strongly affected by IR pumping. Our results reveal that dense clouds survive (and/or are formed) in the AGN outflow on scales of at least several hundred pc before evaporating or collapsing. The elevated HCN abundance in the outflow is consistent with warm chemistry possibly related to shocks and/or X-ray irradiated gas. An upper limit to the mass and momentum flux is 4 × 108 M? and 12LAGN/c, respectively, and we discuss possible driving mechanisms for the dense outflow. Based on observations carried out with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. IRAM is supported by INSU/CNRS (France), MPG (Germany) and IGN (Spain).The reduced data cubes are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/574/A85

Aalto, S.; Garcia-Burillo, S.; Muller, S.; Winters, J. M.; Gonzalez-Alfonso, E.; van der Werf, P.; Henkel, C.; Costagliola, F.; Neri, R.

2015-02-01

194

Healing leadership: the serving leader's impact on patient outcomes in a clinical environment  

OpenAIRE

Chris Nagel1, Anthony C Andenoro21Medical Operations – Continuous Improvement, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; 2Department of Organizational Leadership, Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA, USAAbstract: The future of health care is a topic that has significant importance to patients and caregivers alike for generations to come. As the health care industry becomes more complex, leadership and the examination of how to most effectively apply it to meet efficiency standards and optimize t...

Andenoro A; Nagel C

2012-01-01

195

Libby Amphibole Contamination in Tree Bark Surrounding Historical Vermiculite Processing Facilities  

OpenAIRE

Over a 70-year period, a mine near Libby, MT supplied nearly 80% of the world’s vermiculite. Raw vermiculite, which was contaminated with naturally occurring amphibole in veins throughout the deposit, was shipped to processing sites throughout the United States for exfoliation. In this pilot study, tree bark samples were collected near processing facilities in Spokane, WA, Santa Ana, CA, Newark, CA, and Phoenix, AZ in an effort to determine if areas surrounding these facilities are today co...

Elashheb, Mohamed I.; Spear, Terry M.; Hart, Julie F.; Webber, James S.; Ward, Tony J.

2011-01-01

196

Warm and Dense Molecular Gas in the N159 Region: 12CO J=4-3 and 13CO J=3-2 Observations with NANTEN2 and ASTE  

CERN Document Server

New 12CO J=4-3 and 13CO J=3-2 observations of the N159 region in the Large Magellanic Cloud have been made. The 12CO J=4-3 distribution is separated into three clumps. These new measurements toward the three clumps are used in coupled calculations of molecular rotational excitation and line radiation transfer, along with other transitions of the 12CO as well as the isotope transitions of 13CO. The temperatures and densities are determined to be ~70-80K and ~3x10^3 cm-3 in N159W and N159E and ~30K and ~1.6x10^3 cm-3 in N159S. These results are compared with the star formation activity. The N159E clump is associated with embedded cluster(s) as observed at 24 micron and the derived high temperature is explained as due to the heating by these sources. The N159E clump is likely responsible for a dark lane in a large HII region by the dust extinction. The N159W clump is associated with embedded clusters mainly toward the eastern edge of the clump only. These clusters show offsets of 20"-40" from the 12CO J=4-3 peak...

Mizuno, Yoji; Onishi, Toshikazu; Minamidani, Tetsuhiro; Muller, Erik; Yamamoto, Hiroaki; Hayakawa, Takahiro; Mizuno, Norikazu; Mizuno, Akira; Stutzki, Jurgen; Pineda, Jorge L; Klein, Uli; Bertoldi, Frank; Koo, Bon-Chul; Rubio, Monica; Burton, Michael; Benz, Arnold; Ezawa, Hajime; Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki; Kohno, Kotaro; Hasegawa, Tetsuo; Tatematsu, Ken'ichi; Ikeda, Masafumi; Ott, Jurgen; Wong, Tony; Hughes, Annie; Meixner, Margaret; Indebetouw, Remy; Gordon, Karl D; Whitney, Barbara; Bernard, Jean-Philippe; Fukui, Yasuo

2009-01-01

197

KOOTENAI, CLARK FORK, PEND OREILLE, AND SPOKANE RIVER BASINS, WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT, 1976  

Science.gov (United States)

This report contains a water quality assessment approach which will assist EPA planners, land agencies, and state and local agencies in identifying probably nonpoint sources and determining their effects upon the fishable-swimmable aspect of the Kootenai, Clark Fork-Pend Oreille,...

198

GROUNDWATER DATA BOOMSNUB SITE - VANCOUVER, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

These data sets were assembled from data extracted from the EPA Laboratory data systems. It is the final product of an effort by the Data Management and Hydrogeology staff of the Office of Environmental Assessment, EPA Region 10, with critical support provided by Superfund ESAT c...

199

Radioactive waste disposal in W.A  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radioactive waste in Western Australia arises primarily from medical diagnosis and treatment and from scientific research mainly with a medical orientation. Waste is classified before disposal depending on its level and type of radioactivity and then disposed of either to municipal land fill sites, to the sewerage system or by incineration. The amounts of radioactive materials which may be disposed of to the sewers and air are set by the Radiation Safety Act (1975) Regulations, and the land fill operations are controlled to ensure isolation of the material. Other waste such as unwanted sources used in industrial applications are stored for future disposal. Discussions are being held between officers of the State and Australian Governments aimed at providing suitable disposal methods for sources of this kind

200

49 CFR 372.217 - Seattle, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Washington Highway 9; and those points in Kitsap County, Wash., which are not within...Olympic View Industrial Park/Bremerton-Kitsap County Airport, thence westerly, southerly...Olympic View Industrial Park/ Bremerton-Kitsap County Airport to its juncture with...

2010-10-01

201

Maswali machache ya usanifishaji wa Kiswahili  

OpenAIRE

This article discusses one particular issue of Swahili standardization. which is, in Kiswahili Sanifu, the correct concordial agreement to be applied to the lexeme -ingine (‘other’)? Should it be treated like an adjective, as ‘classical’ works in Swahili grammar claim as well as current educational books do? How can efforts in favour of standardization comply with the appearance of different variants of concordial agreement?

Gromova, Nelly V.

2012-01-01

202

Al-?aq?qah al-Muw?faqah li al-Shar?‘ah: al-Ta??lu? bayn al-Ta?awuf wa al-Shar?‘ah bi Nusantara fi al-Qarn al-S?dis ‘Ashr al-M?l?d?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses the reinterpretation of wa?dat al-wuj?d doctrine among Muslims of the archipelago, using the shar?‘ah approach in Sufism as suggested by Al-B?rhanp?r? (d.1620 in his work al-Haq?qah al-Muw?faqah li al-Shar?‘ah. This work is one of the commentaries (shar? from al-Tu?fah al-Mursalah ila r?? al-Nab? SAW, that invited much debate among Muslims of the archipelago. Al-B?rhanp?r?’s detailed interpretation of wa?dat al-wuj?d doctrine proved that the essence of the concept did not contradict the basic principles of Islam as contained in the Quran and Hadith. Al-B?rhanp?r?  interpreted the concept through explanations that adjusted to the audience’s competence, utilizing oral language carefully in revealing spiritual experience not easily explained, as well as employing the bases of shar?‘ah. Al-Haq?qah al-Muw?faqah has provided the information about the explanations of interpretation tradition among the archipelago sufis.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.350 

Iin Suryaningsih

2013-04-01

203

Criminal Victimization And Perceptions Of Community Safety In 12 Cities, 1998  

Science.gov (United States)

This report, recently released by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, provides city-level survey data on crime victimization in twelve US cities: Chicago, IL; Kansas City, MO; Knoxville, TN; Los Angeles, CA; Madison, WI; New York, NY; San Diego, CA; Savannah, GA; Spokane, WA; Springfield, MA; Tucson, AZ; and Washington, DC. The report presents data on community policing, the rates at which residents are victimized by crime, citizens' perceptions of crimes and their attitudes toward their community and local law enforcement agencies. The report is available in .pdf or ASCII format. Users may also download a compressed file (.zip) containing all the survey data spreadsheets (.wk1).

204

Neighborhood Planning through Community Service-Learning: The Empowerment of East Sprague Neighborhood Residents in Spokane, Washington  

Science.gov (United States)

This essay explores Eastern Washington University's East Central Neighborhood Partnership Center project, which utilized coordinated community service-learning classes and internships to create a neighborhood revitalization plan in partnership with a neighborhood council and community-based organizations. The author explores the ways in which the…

Winchell, Dick G.

2006-01-01

205

Changes and Challenges in Rural Graduate Medical Education: The Family Medicine Spokane Rural Training Track Experience in Colville, Wash.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rural community-based graduate medical education programs in family practice generate highly trained physicians who typically settle and practice in rural communities. In response to federal funding cutbacks and revised accreditation requirements that threatened its program, the Colville, Washington, Mount Carmel Hospital agreed to fully fund its…

Maudlin, Robert K.; Newkirk, Gary R.; Snook, Michael D.; Cooper, Gloria

2000-01-01

206

Ngwaga wa Mopedi: seka sa ngwaga wa merafe ye mengwe ya Bibele  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Pedi year: A comparison with the year of the other biblical nations The investigation grounds arguments on facts that there is correlation between Sepedi and Hebrew calendars particularly in relation to similarity as well as difference between the two nations’ beliefs which are related to the number (twelve months of the months of the year. This means that Sepedi and Hebrew believe that the year comprised twelve months. Adding to this, the four Hebrew’s early names of the months of the year, namely Abib, Ziv, Ethanim and Bul, of uncertain meaning, differ from the contemporary Hebrew calendar months. This featuristic phenomenon appears also in the Sepedi naming of the months of the year where a month is named after two or more names, such as Dibokwane (February, Hlakola (March, Mopitlo (May, Phupu (June and Ngwatobošego (June as well as Mosegamanye (July. The arrangement of the months of the year brings forth certain similarity to the two calendars of these two languages. However, there is difference between the two calendars in relation to the number of the days of the week.

Mawatle J. Mojalefa

2011-03-01

207

Distribution of HLA-DQA1, polymarker, CSF1PO, vWA, TH01, TPOX, D16S539, D7S820, D13S317, and D5S818 alleles in East Bengali and West Punjabi populations from Indo-Pak Subcontinent.  

Science.gov (United States)

Blood samples were collected from 115 individuals residing in the Pakistani state of West Punjab and 81 Bengali individuals residing in the state of East Bengal, India. These samples were analyzed for the loci HLA-DQA1, PM (LDLR, GYPA, HBGG, D7S8, and GC) and eight short tandem repeats: CSF1PO, TPOX, THO1, vWA, D16S539, D7S820, D13S317, and D5S818. Departures from Hardy-Weinberg (HWE) were observed in Punjabi population at LDLR, THO1, D13S317, D5S818, and D16S539 and at CSF1PO and THO1 in Bengali population. PMID:11110191

Tahir, M A; Herrera, R J; Khan, A A; Kashyap, V K; Duncan, G; Barna, C; Budowle, B; Rowold, D J; Amjad, M; Sinha, S

2000-11-01

208

Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2006-02-01

209

Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2003-2004 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2005-11-01

210

Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial fish assemblages and native fish in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. In 1999, 2000, and 2001 the project began addressing some of the identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Department of Natural Resources, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Department of Natural Resources, Wellpinit, WA)

2003-09-01

211

75 FR 37294 - Modification of Class E Airspace; Kelso, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Positioning System (GPS) Standard Instrument...Flight Rules (IFR) operations at the airport. DATES...Aviation Administration, Operations Support Group, Western...aircraft executing new RNAV GPS SIAP's at the airport...and management of IFR operations. The FAA has...

2010-06-29

212

76 FR 3922 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...to 33 acres would include establishment of the early-blue violet; this host plant would serve the future reintroduction...would include the successful establishment of the early-blue violet; this host plant would serve the future...

2011-01-21

213

The Advocate: Sally Lancaster--Everett Public Schools, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

This article details the work of Sally Lancaster of Everett Public Schools in Washington. Sally Lancaster may be an educator by training, but she knows the value of libraries. As assistant principal of Alternative Programs for the Everett Public Schools, Lancaster led a statewide battle that not only saved the criteria for school libraries in the…

Library Journal, 2004

2004-01-01

214

Hiperhomocysteinemia - wa?ny czynnik ryzyka choroby niedokrwiennej serca  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hiperhomocysteinemi? traktuje si? obecnie jako niezale?ny czynnik rY7-^^ choroby niedokrwiennej serca. Mechanizm pro mia?d?ycowego dzia?ania homocysteiny to zarówno bezpo?rednie uszkadzanie ?ródb?onka naczyniowego przez grup? sulfhydrylow?, jak i u?atwianie syntezy nadtlenku wodoru w komórkach ?ródb?onka i produkcja wolnych rodników przyspieszaj?ce procesy mia?d?ycowe. Inne mechanizmy to hamowanie syntezy prostacykliny, zwi?kszona agregacja i adhezja p?ytek do ?cian uszkodzonych naczy? i aktywacja licznych czynników krzepni?cia. St??enie homocysteiny w surowicy zale?y od aktywno?ci wielu enzymów. Kluczow? rol? odgrywaj? dwa z nich: |3-syntaza cystationinowa (CBS oraz reduktaza metylenotetrahydrofolia-nowa (MTHFR. CBS jest jednym z enzymów na szlaku przemiany metioniny w cystein?, natomiast MTHFR katalizuje konwersj? 5,10-metylotetrahydrofolianu do 5-metylotetrahydrofolianu, który jest g?ównym donorem reszt metylowych w reakcji remetylacji homocysteiny do metioniny. Kofaktorami dla tych enzymów s? witaminy B6 i B12 oraz kwas foliowy. Mutacja genu reduktazy 5,10-metyltetrahydrofolianu (substytucja C—>1 w pozycji 677 powoduje zamian? alaniny na walin? i zmniejsza aktywno?? reduktazy 5,10-metyltetra-hydrofolianu, co wi??e si? ze wzrostem st??enia homocysteiny w osoczu oraz zwi?kszonym ryzykiem choroby wie?cowej i zawa?u mi??nia sercowego. Wyst?puj? 3 ró?ne genotypy: homozygoty TT i CC i heterozy-goty CT. Wyst?powanie allela T jest zwi?zane z wyst?powaniem hiperhomocysteinemii. Wwielu badaniach wykazano zwi?zek polimorfizmu C677T z chorob? niedokrwienn? serca a genotyp TT uznano za czynnik ryzyka choroby niedokrwiennej serca. Wyst?pienie defektu w genach cz?sto nie jest czynnikiem wystarczaj?cym do wyzwolenia hiperhomocysteinemii. Wzrost poziomu homocysteiny mo?e by? spowodowany: niew?a?ciw? diet? (niedostateczna poda?: kwasu foliowego i(lub witamin B6 i B12, farmakoterapia (stosowanie antagonistów kwasu foliowego np. metotreksatu, antagonistów witaminy B6 lub B12, fenytoiny, antykoncepcja lub leczenie hormonalne zaburzenia endokrynologiczne, niewydolno?? nerek, palenie tytoniu, nadu?ywanie alkoholu. Wyst?powanie umiarkowanej hiperhomocysteinemii w ogólnej populacji zosta?o oszacowane na 5-10%. Wykazano zwi?zek wysokich st??e? homocysteiny z angiograficznie potwierdzon? chorob? wie?cow? i zawa?em serca. Podwy?szony poziom homocysteiny u pacjentów z chorob? niedokrwienn? serca potwierdzon? w koronarografii uwa?any jest za niezale?ny czynnik zagro?enia zgonem sercowym.

Krzysztof Chi?y?ski

2002-06-01

215

Preparing for neutrinos at the SPS (exp WA1)  

CERN Multimedia

The experimental set-up consists of 19 modules of magnetized iron in which layers of scintillators are inserted. Drift chambers placed between the modules will complete this huge neutrino detector (CERN-Dortmund- Heidelberg-Saclay Collaboration)

1975-01-01

216

(EDMUNDS, WA) WILDLAND FIRE EMISSIONS MODELING: INTEGRATING BLUESKY AND SMOKE  

Science.gov (United States)

This presentation is a status update of the BlueSky emissions modeling system. BlueSky-EM has been coupled with the Sparse Matrix Operational Kernel Emissions (SMOKE) system, and is now available as a tool for estimating emissions from wildland fires...

217

76 FR 65945 - Modification of Class B Airspace; Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...the Seattle Class B airspace be lowered from 10...general aviation easier access across the airspace. This Class B airspace...exclusion under the National Environmental Policy...paragraph 311a. This airspace action is not...

2011-10-25

218

Hyperon production in the WA89 experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We studied the production of strange baryons and anti-baryons in 345 GeV/c ?-+Cu, ?-+Cu and 260 GeV/c n+Cu interactions. The observation of different excited resonances with identical quark flavor content but different spin structure allows to explore the importance of the constituent diquark structure in the excited hyperons. The xF distributions of ? - ? pairs indicate different distribution functions for the two coincident baryons. On the other hand two anti ? follow identical distribution functions. Momentum conservation during the formation process may represent a significant source for the observed behaviour. (orig.)

219

SEDIMENT DATA - ST. PAUL WATERWAY - TACOMA, WA - 1996 MONITORING DATA  

Science.gov (United States)

Benthic Infauna Monitoring Data Files are Excel-format spreadsheet files which contain data presented in the St. Paul Waterway Area Remedial Action and Habitat Restoration Project, 1996 Monitoring Report. The files can be viewed directly or readily downlo aded and read into most ...

220

76 FR 19290 - Safety Zone; Commencement Bay, Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 [Docket No. USCG-2011-0197...The Coast Guard is proposing to amend 33 CFR 165.1305 to expand the established...boundaries of the safety zone established in 33 CFR 165.1305. In general, this...

2011-04-07

221

77 FR 12514 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...the bridge was not required to open from 3 p.m. to 6 p.m...will allow the bridge to not open for vessel traffic from 3 p...100,000,000 (adjusted for inflation) or more in any one year...Bridge, mile 5.0, need not open for vessel traffic from 3...

2012-03-01

222

Geochronologic and Isotopic Constraints on Arc Dynamics, North Cascades, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The metamorphic core of the North Cascades arc records the Cretaceous to Paleogene history of crustal growth along a segment of the North American margin. The application of high precision U-Pb geochronology and isotope geochemistry to the study of this arc has revealed rapid changes in arc dynamics. Terrane accretion/assembly in the North Cascades predates the main phase of arc magmatism at 96-88 Ma, and is followed by magmatism in the eastern half of the core from 78-46 Ma. The 9-12 kbar, Swakane Gneiss underlies these island arc and oceanic terranes, but lacks arc-related plutons. U-Pb analyses of detrital zircons from the Swakane Gneiss reveal that the sedimentary protolith of the gneiss was deposited later than 72.6+/-0.6 Ma, the age of the youngest detrital grain, and post-dates voluminous arc magmatism. The gneiss was deeply buried ˜5 m.y. later as indicated by a 68.5 Ma dike that cross-cuts fabric in the gneiss, and this deep burial is coincident with a decrease in the volume of arc magmatism. Between 68 and 48 Ma, plutonism appears to be restricted to the eastern margin of the core near the Ross Lake fault zone. By ca. 45 Ma, the Swakane Gneiss was unroofed to near the surface, and several ca. 46 Ma arc plutons were emplaced throughout the eastern half of the core. Nd isotope data from granodioritic, tonalitic and gabbroic plutons that are spatially and temporally distributed within the arc indicate that all of the plutons were derived from or interacted with an older crustal component. Initial ? Nd values of the ca. 46 Ma plutons (+1.5 to +2.9) are lower than ? Nd values of the 96-65 Ma plutons (+2.9 to +6.0 when calculated at 46 Ma) and are consistent with the younger plutons either being derived from a more evolved crustal source or being composed of a greater proportion of crustally-derived melt. Changes in the Nd isotope signature may reflect changes in crustal architecture after burial of the gneiss. The mechanism of this rapid burial is not well-constrained, but two potential mechanisms include overthickening during closure of an arc basin or underthrusting of fore-arc sediments during subduction. Rapid burial of the Swakane sediments is coincident with burial of sediments that formed the Pelona and Orocopia schists in southern California, suggesting that similar processes may have occurred along the length of the continental margin from ~73-68 Ma.

Matzel, J.; Bowring, S. A.; Miller, R. B.

2003-12-01

223

75 FR 5069 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; City of Everett, WA; Notice of Application...  

Science.gov (United States)

...425) 783-1000. i. FERC Contact: Any questions on this notice should be addressed to Jade Alvey at (202) 502-6864, or by e-mail: jade.alvey@ferc.gov. j. Deadline for filing comments and/or motions: February 22,...

2010-02-01

224

75 FR 13576 - Labor Surplus Area Classification Under Executive Orders 12073 and 10582  

Science.gov (United States)

...WASHINGTON Balance of Cowlitz County, WA....... Cowlitz County, WA. Bremerton city, WA.................. Kitsap County, WA. Clallam County, WA.................. Clallam County, WA. Clark County,...

2010-03-22

225

8 CFR 100.4 - Field offices.  

Science.gov (United States)

...A Aberdeen, WA (the port of Aberdeen includes, among others, the port facilities at Raymond and South Bend, WA) Anacortes, WA Bellingham, WA Blaine-Pacific Highway, WA Blaine-Peach Arch, WA Boundary, WA Colville, WA...

2010-01-01

226

77 FR 60081 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...following anchorage areas would remain unchanged: Anacortes General Anchorages, Cap Sante Tug and Barge...longitude 122[deg]46'04.66'' W. (10) Anacortes General Anchorages. (i) Anacortes East (ANE) Anchorage. The waters...

2012-10-02

227

78 FR 9811 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...longitude 122[deg]46'04.66'' W. (10) Anacortes General Anchorages. (i) Anacortes East (ANE) Anchorage. The waters within...N., 122[deg]33'45'' W. (ii) Anacortes Center (ANC) Anchorage. The waters...

2013-02-12

228

77 FR 75597 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Wilbur, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Positioning System (GPS) standard instrument...Flight Rules (IFR) operations at the airport. DATES...Western Service Center, Operations Support Group, 1601...using the new RNAV (GPS) standard instrument...airport for the safe operation of IFR aircraft...

2012-12-21

229

Moving a module of the calorimeter for the WA18 experiment  

CERN Multimedia

The first of thirteen modules of a marble plate calorimeter en route for the installation in the SPS neutrino beam for an investigation of neutral currents. The experiment was set-up by the CHARM Collaboration (CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome-Moscow)

1977-01-01

230

77 FR 16852 - Notice of Reclassification of Five Regional Offices to Investigative Field Offices: Seattle, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...the Department of Housing and Urban Development Act (42 U.S.C. 3535...the Department of Housing and Urban Development may take effect only upon the...based on workload, of small, informal offices such as valuation...

2012-03-22

231

77 FR 21868 - Safety Zone; Marina Salvage, Bellingham Bay, Bellingham, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Vessels wishing to enter the zone must request permission...due to being limited in size and duration. Small Entities...intending to transit the affected waterway during the period mentioned. This safety zone will not have a significant...this rule is limited in size and short in...

2012-04-12

232

77 FR 21866 - Safety Zone; Sunken Vessel, Puget Sound, Everett, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Vessels wishing to enter the zone must request permission...due to being limited in size and duration. Small Entities...intending to transit the affected waterway during the period mentioned. This safety zone will not have a significant...this rule is limited in size and short in...

2012-04-12

233

Al-Ta?awwuf wa al-?uruq al-??fiyyah f? Ind?n?siy?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since the 17th century, the history of tasawwuf or mysticism and Islamic congregation in Indonesia shows the dynamics and development. At that time, the world is very fierce battle marked tasawwuf among which tends unortodoks (wujudiyyah with the orthodox (fiqh orientation. This phenomenon can be seen both in Java and in Aceh. Pendulum understand Sufism in Aceh during the first swing to flow wujudiyyah pioneered Fansuri Hamzah and his teachings later developed by his student, Shams al-Sumatrani. This paper discusses the history and development of tasawwuf and Sufi congregations in Indonesia dates to the 17th century until the early 20th century.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v3i3.803

Hamid Nasuhi Zain

2014-03-01

234

77 FR 2992 - Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and Grant Counties, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation...  

Science.gov (United States)

...maintained to provide for species like the long-billed...State and Federal species of concern will be...expanded by opening new areas; providing...will be provided. New interpretive and...success for northern leopard frog recovery....

2012-01-20

235

76 FR 45600 - Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and Grant Counties, WA; Draft Comprehensive Conservation...  

Science.gov (United States)

...24-hour use. A new hiking and interpretive...would be provided. New interpretive and educational...be developed, and new brochures to aid Refuge...to support northern leopard frog recovery, we would...likelihood of the species recovery...

2011-07-29

236

77 FR 62473 - Safety Zone, Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...flying high speed aircraft, and...INFORMATION CONTACT: If you have...that we can contact you if we have...Comment'' on the line associated with...flying high speed aircraft. C...flying high speed aircraft. This...northern boundary line of the existing...compliance, please contact the person...

2012-10-15

237

77 FR 71011 - Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kevin Ryan, Project Leader...offered. Staff and volunteer time devoted to making visitor contacts would be increased. New orientation, guidance...publicly available at any time. While you can ask us...

2012-11-28

238

78 FR 40960 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...schedule that governs two Seattle Department of Transportation (SDOT) bridges: The Fremont Bridge, mile 2.6, and the University...telephone 202-366-9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The SDOT requested a temporary deviation from the operating schedule...

2013-07-09

239

78 FR 39591 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...schedule that governs three Seattle Department of Transportation (SDOT) bridges: The Ballard Bridge, mile 1.1, the Fremont Bridge...telephone 202-366-9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The SDOT has requested a temporary deviation from the operating...

2013-07-02

240

77 FR 16058 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA; Record of Decision for Final Environmental...  

Science.gov (United States)

...geese, elk, and other wildlife, on the Riekkola Unit. Grassland restoration will include establishing the early-blue violet host plant on 33 acres, which will serve the future reintroduction of the endangered Oregon silverspot...

2012-03-19

241

76 FR 50247 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...restoration on 33 acres would include establishing the early-blue violet, a host plant that would serve the future reintroduction...would restore grassland habitat and establish the early- blue violet host plant on 33 acres, to serve the future...

2011-08-12

242

75 FR 72781 - Buckhorn Exploration Project 2010, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...water used for the project from private and municipal wells off agency lands...DNR will be the lead state agency (under the...lands. Washington State Department of Fish & Wildlife: Hydraulic Project Approvals on State and private...

2010-11-26

243

Bird Activity Analysis Using Avian Radar Information in Naval Air Station airport, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The number of bird strikes on aircraft has increased sharply over recent years and airport bird hazard management has gained increasing attention in wildlife management and control. Evaluation of bird activity near airport is very critical to analyze the hazard of bird strikes. Traditional methods for bird activity analysis using visual counting provide a direct approach to bird hazard assessment. However this approach is limited to daylight and good visual conditions. Radar has been proven to be a useful and effective tool for bird detection and movement analysis. Radar eliminates observation bias and supports consistent data collection for bird activity analysis and hazard management. In this study bird activity data from the Naval Air Station Whidbey Island was collected by Accipiter Avian Radar System. Radar data was pre-processed by filtering out non-bird noises, including traffic vehicle, aircraft, insects, wind, rainfall, ocean waves and so on. Filtered data is then statistically analyzed using MATLAB programs. The results indicated bird movement dynamics in target areas near the airport, which includes (1) the daily activity varied at dawn and dusk; (2) bird activity varied by target area due to the habitat difference; and (3) both temporal and spatial movement patterns varied by bird species. This bird activity analysis supports bird hazard evaluation and related analysis and modeling to provide very useful information in airport bird hazard management planning.

Wang, J.; Herricks, E.

2010-12-01

244

78 FR 25693 - Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest; Snohomish County, WA; Green Mountain Lookout Removal  

Science.gov (United States)

...SUMMARY: This project would remove...detection system in the North Cascade Mountains. The lookout...staffing. In 1964 the North Cascades National Park...to comply with the 2012 Summary Judgment by the...

2013-05-02

245

77 FR 3111 - Safety Zone; Export Grain Terminal (EGT), Columbia River, Longview, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...temporary safety zone around the Export Grain Terminal located on the...the navigable channel and the Export Grain Terminal in Longview...executive orders. Regulatory Planning and Review This rule is not...165.T13-201 Safety Zone; Export Grain Terminal (EGT),...

2012-01-23

246

T?rikh al-Ma’had al-Tur?th? wa Thaqaf?tuhu  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Within the Indonesian context, the history of pesantren cannot be alienated from that of Walisongo (The Nine Saint, who were said to be responsible for the spread of Islam in Java in the 16th-17th centuries. Maulana Malik Ibrahim (died 1419, the "spiritual father" of the Walisongo, is usually considered by the santri comntunity in Java to be "the teacher of the teachers" of the pesantren tradition. Some of the well-known pesantrens in Java, claim that they received their inspiration from the dakwah (ie.Islamic propagation of Maulana Malik lbrahim. Moreover, oral histories indicate that old and influential pesantrens outside of Java -such as Nahdlatul Watan, established in 1934 in East Lombok NTB and now home for about 10,000 santris scattered throughout its branches- also had Inspiration from the Walisongo teaching. This, in turn, has made Maulana Malik lbrahirn as the father of the Walisongo even more well-know.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v7i1.718

Abdurrahman Mas'ud

2014-03-01

247

Decontamination and decommissioning assessment for the Waste Incineration Facility (Building 232-Z) Hanford Site, [Hanford], WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Building 232-Z is an element of the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. From 1961 until 1972, plutonium-bearing combustible materials were incinerated in the building. Between 1972 and 1983, following shutdown of the incinerator, the facility was used for waste segregation activities. The facility was placed in retired inactive status in 1984 and classified as a Limited Control Facility pursuant to DOE Order 5480.5, Safety of Nuclear Facilities, and 6430.1A, General Design Criteria. The current plutonium inventory within the building is estimated to be approximately 848 grams, the majority of which is retained within the process hood ventilation system. As a contaminated retired facility, Building 232-Z is included in the DOE Surplus Facility Management Program. The objective of this Decontamination and Decommissioning (D ampersand D) assessment is to remove Building 232-Z, thereby elmininating the radiological and environmental hazards associated with the plutonium inventory within the structure. The steps to accomplish the plan objectives are: (1) identifying the locations of the most significant amounts of plutonium, (2) removing residual plutonium, (3) removing and decontaminating remaining building equipment, (4) dismantling the remaining structure, and (5) closing out the project

248

75 FR 41883 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University Pullman...possession and control of the Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman...human remains was made by Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University,...

2010-07-19

249

76 FR 28073 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...possession and control of the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...human remains was made by the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University...

2011-05-13

250

76 FR 28076 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman...were in possession of the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...human remains was made by the Museum of Anthropology at the Washington State...

2011-05-13

251

78 FR 78379 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...SUMMARY: The Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University has...a written request to the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University....

2013-12-26

252

77 FR 23507 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...SUMMARY: The Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University has...human remains may contact the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University....

2012-04-19

253

77 FR 38236 - Special Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival, Carr Inlet, Cutts Island, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival, Carr...maritime public during the Underwater Music Festival and...Docket Management Facility (M-30), U.S...For information on facilities or services for individuals...Basis and Purpose The Underwater Music Festival is...

2012-06-27

254

77 FR 57019 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...heavy maintenance on the bridge including replacing operating strut guides on the bascule span. This deviation allows the bridge...notified and will be kept informed of the bridge's operational status via the Coast Guard Notice to Mariners publication and...

2012-09-17

255

Options To Cleanup Site-wide Vadose Zone Contamination At The Hanford Site, WA, State  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site in south central Washington State lies along the Columbia River and is one of DOE's largest legacy waste management sites. Enormous radionuclide and chemical inventories exist below-ground. These include Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) storage facilities where hazardous and radioactive contaminants were discharged and leaked to the soil surface and to the deep vadose zone and groundwater. The vadose zone is also contaminated from facilities regulated by the RCRA and Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) Act. Hanford now contains as much as 28,300 cubic meters of soil contaminated with radionuclides from liquid wastes released near processing facilities. The Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order, Tri-Party Agreement (TPA) has set the completion of the cleanup of these sites by 2024. There are numerous technical and regulatory challenges to cleanup of the vadose zone at the Hanford site. This paper attempts to identify the categories of deep vadose zone problem and identifies a few possible regulatory options to clean up the site under the mix of state and federal regulatory authorities. There are four major categories of vadose contamination areas at the Hanford Site. The first is laterally extensive with intermediate depth (ground surface to about 45 meters depth) mostly related to high volume effluent discharge into cribs, ponds and ditches of designat into cribs, ponds and ditches of designated CERCLA facilities. The second is dominated by laterally less extensive mostly related to leaks from RCRA tank farms. The later contamination is often commingled at depth with wastes from adjacent CERCLA facilities. The third category is from the high volume CERCLA facilities extending from the surface to more than 60 meters below ground. Contamination from the later category crosses the entire thickness of the vadose zone and reached groundwater. The fourth category is the lower volume waste sites. There are multiple management options to clean up the above four categories of vadose zones sites. The following are some of the options considered for detailed evaluation: - Maintain separate decision processes for each RCRA and CERCLA units/waste sites with a more accommodating schedule. - Create new vadose zone operable units with limited geographical boundaries regardless of site category/origin and make an integrated decision. - Expand the existing CERCLA groundwater operable units to include the deep vadose zone - Use a combination of the above. Each option has pros and cons and regulatory limitations. Detailed evaluation of these options is required to support a cost effective expedited cleanup. (authors)

256

Hundimiento de las aguas al sur de Cuba Downwelling wa ters in the south of Cuba  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se realizan 23 estaciones oceanográficas a bordo del Buque de Investigaciones Científicas BIC "Ulises" en marzo de 1994 y abril de 1996 en el polígono de estudio situado en los 21°00'-21°30'N y 81°50'-83°00'W al sureste de la Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, con el objetivo de estudiar algunas de las relaciones hidrofísicas que controlan la dinámica de las larvas de langosta espinosa Panulirus argus en la interfase del talud con el océano. Se analizan el viento, transporte Ekman, turbulencia, profundidad de inicio de la termoclina, temperatura superficial del mar y estabilidad vertical en el hundimiento de las aguas cercanas al talud en los dos cruceros de primavera. El índice de transporte (IT mostró un movimiento neto hacia la costa, provocando un hundimiento en la zona cercana al talud. El hundimiento produce un efecto de mezcla o falso afloramiento llamado "efecto cascada" que mantiene los nutrientes resuspendidos por un período que varía según la intensidad del viento y las corrientes imperantes en la zona. Este efecto, al parecer, es responsable de la retención larvaria en esta regiónTake account 23 oceanographic stations on Oceanographic Research Vessel BIC "Ulises" in March 1994 and April 1996 in the study polygon located in the 21°00'-21°30'N and 81°50'-83°00'W in southwest of Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, with the main objective to study hydrophysical relationships that control the dynamics of the Panulirus argus spiny lobster larvae in the boundary shelf. Importance of the wind, Ekman transport, turbulence, depth of the top of the thermocline, sea surface temperature, vertical stability in the convergence or downwelling nearshore waters in this important area of spawns, was demonstrated. Transport Index (IT showed a net movement toward the coast causing nearshore downwelling. The downwelling produces a mixture effect or false upwelling called also "cascade effect" that maintains nutrients suspended for one period that varies according to the wind intensity and the prevailing currents in the area. This effect apparently, is responsible for the larvae retention in this region

Benigno Hernández

2003-01-01

257

Hundimiento de las aguas al sur de Cuba / Downwelling wa ters in the south of Cuba  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realizan 23 estaciones oceanográficas a bordo del Buque de Investigaciones Científicas BIC "Ulises" en marzo de 1994 y abril de 1996 en el polígono de estudio situado en los 21°00'-21°30'N y 81°50'-83°00'W al sureste de la Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, con el objetivo de estudiar algunas de las rela [...] ciones hidrofísicas que controlan la dinámica de las larvas de langosta espinosa Panulirus argus en la interfase del talud con el océano. Se analizan el viento, transporte Ekman, turbulencia, profundidad de inicio de la termoclina, temperatura superficial del mar y estabilidad vertical en el hundimiento de las aguas cercanas al talud en los dos cruceros de primavera. El índice de transporte (IT) mostró un movimiento neto hacia la costa, provocando un hundimiento en la zona cercana al talud. El hundimiento produce un efecto de mezcla o falso afloramiento llamado "efecto cascada" que mantiene los nutrientes resuspendidos por un período que varía según la intensidad del viento y las corrientes imperantes en la zona. Este efecto, al parecer, es responsable de la retención larvaria en esta región Abstract in english Take account 23 oceanographic stations on Oceanographic Research Vessel BIC "Ulises" in March 1994 and April 1996 in the study polygon located in the 21°00'-21°30'N and 81°50'-83°00'W in southwest of Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, with the main objective to study hydrophysical relationships that control [...] the dynamics of the Panulirus argus spiny lobster larvae in the boundary shelf. Importance of the wind, Ekman transport, turbulence, depth of the top of the thermocline, sea surface temperature, vertical stability in the convergence or downwelling nearshore waters in this important area of spawns, was demonstrated. Transport Index (IT) showed a net movement toward the coast causing nearshore downwelling. The downwelling produces a mixture effect or false upwelling called also "cascade effect" that maintains nutrients suspended for one period that varies according to the wind intensity and the prevailing currents in the area. This effect apparently, is responsible for the larvae retention in this region

Benigno, Hernández; Roberto, Piñeiro.

258

Measurement of Fukushima Aerosol Debris in Sequim and Richland, WA and Ketchikan, AK  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aerosol collections were initiated at several locations by PNNL shortly after the Great East Japan Earthquake of May 2011. Aerosol samples were transferred to laboratory high-resolution gamma spectrometers for analysis. Similar to treaty monitoring stations operating across the Northern hemisphere, iodine and other isotopes which could be volatilized at high temperature were detected. Though these locations are not far apart, they have significant variations with respect to water, mountain-range placement, and local topography. Variation in computed source terms will be shown to bound the variability of this approach to source estimation.

Miley, Harry S.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Engelmann, Mark D.; Eslinger, Paul W.; Friese, Judah I.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Haas, Derek A.; Hayes, James C.; Keillor, Martin E.; Kiddy, Robert A.; Kirkham, Randy R.; Landen, Jonathan W.; Lepel, Elwood A.; Lidey, Lance S.; Litke, Kevin E.; Morris, Scott J.; Olsen, Khris B.; Thompson, Robert C.; Valenzuela, Blandina R.; Woods, Vincent T.; Biegalski, Steven R.

2013-05-01

259

77 FR 33307 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 5.2, at Seattle...crosses the Lake Washington Ship Canal at mile 5.2 and while in the...referenced to the Mean Water Level of Lake Washington. Vessels...on the Lake Washington Ship Canal ranges from commercial tug...

2012-06-06

260

77 FR 25590 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 4.3, at Seattle...crosses the Lake Washington Ship Canal at mile 4.3 and while in the...referenced to the Mean Water Level of Lake Washington. Vessels...on the Lake Washington Ship Canal ranges from commercial tug...

2012-05-01

261

77 FR 25079 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 5.2, at Seattle...crosses the Lake Washington Ship Canal at mile 5.2 and while in the...referenced to the Mean Water Level of Lake Washington. Vessels...on the Lake Washington Ship Canal ranges from commercial tug...

2012-04-27

262

76 FR 14829 - Safety Zone; 2011 Hylebos Bridge Restoration, Hylebos Waterway, Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...the Docket Management Facility. We recommend that...that they reached the Facility, please enclose a stamped...self-addressed postcard or envelope. We will consider all...the Docket Management Facility in Room W12-140 on...The project poses a safety risk to any vessel...

2011-03-18

263

75 FR 71638 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliot Bay, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...the Docket Management Facility. We recommend that...that they reached the Facility, please enclose a stamped...self-addressed postcard or envelope. We will consider all...the Docket Management Facility in Room W12-140 on...NPRM) entitled ``Safety Zone; Fleet Week...

2010-11-24

264

78 FR 20852 - Safety Zones; Marine Week Air Ground Demonstration, Lake Washington; Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Special Marine Air Ground Task Force Demonstration...vehicles, swimmers, combat equipment, and...The Marine Air Ground Task Force Demonstration...vehicles, swimmers, combat equipment, and...the Marine Air Ground Task Force...

2013-04-08

265

76 FR 73666 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Community of the Port Gamble Reservation, Washington; Puyallup Tribe of the Puyallup Reservation, Washington; Quileute Tribe of the Quileute Reservation, Washington; Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Reservation, Washington; Samish Indian...

2011-11-29

266

Results on charm and beauty production from the CERN WA92 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results concerning the production of charm and beauty hadrons in ?-interactions in thin metal targets at ?s=26 GeV are presented. In order to select events containing heavy quarks, the combined information of the CERN ?' spectrometer and of a high-resolution silicon detector that allowed direct observation of the decay vertices of short-lived hadrons have been used. In the 20% of our data sample analysed so far there are 81 events where the decay vertices of two charmed hadrons are detected. Results are compared with QCD predictions. The same data sample is used to search for the production of beauty particles. Preliminary indications are that the number of events found is compatible with published measurements of the beauty cross-section. (author). 14 refs., 4 figs

267

Results on charm and beauty production from the CERN WA92 experiment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Results concerning the production of charm and beauty hadrons in {pi}{sup -}interactions in thin metal targets at {radical}s=26 GeV are presented. In order to select events containing heavy quarks, the combined information of the CERN {Omega}{sup `} spectrometer and of a high-resolution silicon detector that allowed direct observation of the decay vertices of short-lived hadrons have been used. In the 20% of our data sample analysed so far there are 81 events where the decay vertices of two charmed hadrons are detected. Results are compared with QCD predictions. The same data sample is used to search for the production of beauty particles. Preliminary indications are that the number of events found is compatible with published measurements of the beauty cross-section. (author). 14 refs., 4 figs.

Cardini, A. [Pisa Univ. (Italy); Beatrice Collaboration

1994-12-31

268

78 FR 50099 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...associated with the ``immediate pre-contact, fur trade, or post-fur trade periods...of this site in the pre- and post-contact period. Connections between the three...Coeur d'Alene people as well as shared linguistic heritage, overlapping trade...

2013-08-16

269

View of the WA3 set-up from upstream the beam entering the hydrogen target.  

CERN Multimedia

The Amsterdam-CERN-Cracow-Munich-Oxford-Rutherford (ACCMOR)Collaboration set-up this experiment in the H1 beam of West Hall to study a variety of exclusive hadron reactions over a wide kinematic range up to 100 GeV/c incident momentum.

1977-01-01

270

77 FR 40521 - Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound...Docket Folder on the line associated with this...FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: If you have questions...Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound...transit on a track line which is at least...

2012-07-10

271

Supplemental Groundwater Remediation Technologies to Protect the Columbia River at Hanford, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nine projects have been recently selected by the US Department of Energy (EM-22) to address groundwater contaminant migration at the Hanford Site. This paper summarizes the background and objectives of these projects. Five of the selected projects are targeted at hexavalent chromium contamination in Hanford 100 Area groundwater. These projects represent an integrated approach towards identifying the source of hexavalent chromium contamination in the Hanford 100-D Area and treating the groundwater contamination. Currently, there is no effective method to stop strontium-90 associated with the riparian zone sediments from leaching into the river. Phytoremediation may be a possible way to treat this contamination. Its use at the 100-N Area will be investigated. Another technology currently being tested for strontium-90 contamination at the 100-N Area involves injection (through wells) of a calcium-citrate-phosphate solution, which will precipitate apatite, a natural calcium-phosphate mineral. Apatite will adsorb the strontium-90, and then incorporate it as part of the apatite structure, isolating the strontium-90 contamination from entering the river. This EM-22 funded apatite project will develop a strategy for infiltrating the apatite solution from ground surface or a shallow trench to provide treatment over the upper portion of the contaminated zone, which is unsaturated during low river stage.

272

In Pakistans Wa?ldern gelten viele Gesetze: wenig erfolgreiche Projekte gegen die Abholzung  

OpenAIRE

Aussenpolitisch pra?sentiert sich Pakistan gerne als starker Staat. Nach innen tut sich die Regierung in Islamabad jedoch schwer mit der Durchsetzung der staatlichen Autorita?t. Ein anschauliches Beispiel bietet das staatliche Forstwesen. In der North West Frontier Province erwiesen sich Projekte zum Schutze des Waldes und zu einer Reform des Forstwesens wegen der schwachen Pra?senz des Staates als wenig erfolgreich.

Steimann, B.; Geiser, U.

2005-01-01

273

Completion of the 16 station Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) network on Mt. St. Helens, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO), part of the larger NSF-funded EarthScope project, is completing year 3 of the installation phase of 852 continuously operating GPS stations in the Western United States. Some of these GPS stations are focused specifically on centers of volcanic activity. Mt. St. Helens is one of these volcanic areas of interest in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) region. The PNW region will complete the installation of a 16 station GPS network on Mt. St. Helens during September 2006. This work also includes the co-location and installation of tiltmeters at four of the existing GPS sites. Network upgrades will be completed to handle the increase in data flow from the new GPS stations as well as the data from the tiltmeters and strainmeters. New GPS site installations include six helicopter accessible sites, and three drive to sites on the south flank of the mountain. Higher elevation sites will be outfitted with an eight battery, three solar panel power array to keep the stations operational during winter months. The remaining sites use a four battery, three solar panel array that has proved sufficient at other GPS locations over the past 2 winters. All stations will communicate via one of 2 radio networks set up on the mountain. The northern radio network transmits data for ten stations through a microwave connection at the Johnston Ridge observatory that also provides communications for PBO strainmeter, tiltmeter and CVO equipment. The remaining 10 stations on the south side of the mountain, are relayed through a hub at Washington State University's Vancouver Campus that is also providing data services for CVO. Results from analysis of data from both PBO and USGS GPS stations on the mountain, show a radially inward and downward motion, with the maximum vertical offsets high on the mountain and the maximum horizontal offsets located at distances of 5-10km from the crater. Displacements are small over the 2004-present eruption with a maximum of 3cm of inward movement. Modeling of the data by Lisowski et al. (AGU 2006) only accounts for a volume loss that is one third of the amount of material erupted. GPS stations installed high on the mountain were subjected to severe winter weather and heavy rime ice accumulations over the last year. This ice build-up caused distortion of the GPS antenna phase center, and blocked sun access to the solar panels at several sites. Due to the large battery storage capacity, very few power failures occurred at these stations. However, the build up of ice on the GPS antennas caused cm-level pseudo-displacements that mask the ground movements associated with the eruption.

Austin, K.; Hafner, K.; Fengler, K.; Doelger, S.

2006-12-01

274

Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YCL019W, YDR261W-A [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available YCL019W - Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol genes ; transcribed/translated as one unit; polypro ... se (PR), and integrase (IN); similar to retroviral genes ... Rows with this bait as bait (2) Rows with this bai ... it description Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol genes ; transcribed/translated as one unit; polyprotein i ... se (PR), and integrase (IN); similar to retroviral genes ... Rows with this bait as bait Rows with this bait as ...

275

77 FR 37600 - Safety Zone; Arctic Drilling and Support Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...local inquiries and chartered a vessel to observe the mobile offshore drilling unit (MODU) KULLUK, which is currently undergoing...Shell-contracted vessel, and hung banners from the vessel's cranes. On May 1-4, 2012, Greenpeace activists conducted...

2012-06-22

276

75 FR 20322 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kelso, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...accommodate aircraft using the...Positioning System (GPS) Standard...enhance the safety and management of aircraft operations...Distribution System, which describes...accommodate aircraft using the...enhance the safety and management of...

2010-04-19

277

77 FR 50419 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...accommodate aircraft using Area...Positioning System (GPS) standard...enhance the safety and management of aircraft operations...Distribution System, which describes...accommodate aircraft using the...enhance the safety and management of...

2012-08-21

278

75 FR 41774 - Proposed Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...accommodate aircraft using the...Positioning System (GPS) Standard...enhance the safety and management of aircraft operations...Distribution System, which describes...enhance the safety and management of aircraft...

2010-07-19

279

Isotopic Studies of Contaminant Transport at the Hanford Site,WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Processes of fluid flow and chemical transport through thevadose zone can be characterized through the isotopic systematics ofnatural soils, minerals, pore fluids and groundwater. In thiscontribution, we first review our research using measured isotopicvariations, due both to natural and site related processes, of theelements H, O, N, Sr and U, to study the interconnection between vadosezone and groundwater contamination at the Hanford Site in south-centralWashington. We follow this brief review with a presentation of new datapertaining to vadose zone and groundwater contamination in the WMAT-TX-TY vicinity. Uranium (U) isotopic data for the C3832 core (WMA TX)indicates the involvement of processed natural U fuel, and links theobserved U contamination to the nearby single shelled tank TX-104. Thedata also precludes contamination from an early 1970 s TX-107 leak. Inthe case of the C4104 core (WMA T), the U isotopic data indicates amixture of processed natural and enriched U fuels consistent with themajor leak from T-106 in 1973. Uranium and Strontium isotopic data forthe cores also provides direct evidence for chemical interaction betweenhigh-pH waste fluid and sediment. Isotopic data for groundwater nitratecontamination in the vicinity of WMA-T strongly suggests high-level tankwaste (most likely from T-106) as the source of very high 99Tcconcentrations recently observed at the NE corner of WMAT.

Christensen, J.N.; Conrad, M.E.; DePaolo, D.J.; Dresel, P.E.

2006-11-01

280

75 FR 2582 - YCR Corporation-Modified Rail Certificate-in Yakima County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Finance Docket No. 35336] YCR Corporation--Modified Rail Certificate...On December 16, 2009, YCR Corporation (YCR),\\1\\ a noncarrier...1\\ YCR is a profit corporation formed under the laws of the State of...

2010-01-15

281

76 FR 50172 - Reorganization of Foreign-Trade Zone 216 Under Alternative Site Framework, Olympia, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...31-2011, filed 05/09/ 2011) for authority to reorganize under the ASF with a service area of Thurston County and portions of Kitsap, Lewis and Mason Counties, Washington, within and adjacent to the Olympia U.S. Customs and Border Protection port of...

2011-08-12

282

Nucleus-nucleus collisions at relativistic energies: The CERN WA80 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

QCD lattice calculations predict that, at sufficiently high energy densities, hadronic matter undergoes a transition to a new phase of matter, the quark-gluon plasma, in which quarks and gluons are deconfined over a relatively large volume. It has been suggested that collisions between heavy nuclei at ultrarelativistic energies may produce the energy densities, estimated to be greater than 2 to 3 GeV/fm3, necessary for this phase transition to occur. An important goal of the first experiments with ultrarelativistic heavy-ion beams at the SPS accelerator at CERN is to investigate the extent to which this suggestion is correct. The primary experimental quantity used for estimating the energy density is the transverse energy, E/sub T/. We present here energies measured at zero degrees, together with transverse energy measurements. Estimates of attained energy densities and preliminary transverse momentum distributions of neutral products are also presented. 24 refs., 7 figs

283

Somaclonal variation in tissue culture of banana cv. 'Kluai Num Wa'[Musa (ABB group  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Two types of cytokinins, 6-Benzyladenine (BA and/or coconut water (CW and pH of medium were studied for their effects on shoot formation, growth and somaclonal variation of banana tissue culture. Thecultures were carried out on Murashige and Skoog (MS medium for 30 days. The average shoot length (5.82 cm was obtained in liquid medium supplemented with 15% CW. While a high number of shoots at 3.8shoots/explant were obtained in liquid medium supplemented with 5 mg/l BA. For fresh weight, liquid medium supplemented with 5 mg/l BA in combination with 15% CW gave the best results (2.26 g/shoot. Anoptimum pH for promotion shoot length (5.67 cm was 5.6 whereas the lower value (pH 4 promoted a high number of shoot formation (3.89 shoots/explant. The highest fresh weight of 1.33 g/shoot was obtained onmedium adjusted pH to 8. After maintaining the shoots by successive subculturing (3-4 week-intervals on MS medium with 5 mg/l BA several morphological abnormalities were obtained. Among those, chloroticleaves (1.5% were firstly observed in the first subculture and increased to 3% in the second subculture. Moreover, a narrow leaf at 25.76% was also observed in this period. Further subculture, more somaclonalvariation, such as a thin long shoots, nodular shoots and bamboo-like leaf, appeared. Isozyme marker revealed a difference in zymogram patterns among those somaclonal variants.

Te-chato, S.

2007-05-01

284

77 FR 66791 - Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations for Yakima County, WA, and Incorporated Areas  

Science.gov (United States)

...affected community's local newspaper. Authority: 42 U.S.C. 4104; 44 CFR 67.4. Dated: October 12, 2012 James A. Walke, Acting Deputy Associate Administrator for Mitigation, Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management...

2012-11-07

285

Life Skills Manual = Les Practiques d'une Vie Saine = Mwongozo wa Stadi za Maisha.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Peace Corps Information Collection and Exchange makes available its information resources to other organizations. This document, made available in English, French, and Swahili, is one such resource. The focus of this document is a comprehensive behavior change approach that concentrates on the development of skills needed for life, such as…

Callahan, Kathleen

286

Water Accounting Plus (WA+) – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements :  

OpenAIRE

Coping with water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links depletion to u...

Karimi, P.; Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Molden, D.

2013-01-01

287

76 FR 41286 - Conboy Lake and Toppenish National Wildlife Refuges, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...consider in the planning process. DATES...Attn: Dan Haas, Planning Team Leader...National Wildlife Refuge Complex, Conboy...FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Shannon Ludwig, Refuge Manager, Conboy...conduct detailed planning on these...

2011-07-13

288

76 FR 17471 - Air Tour Management Plan Environmental Assessment for Mount Rainier National Park, WA; Public...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Buckley Library Eatonville Library Enumclaw City Library Graham Library Orting Library Packwood Timberland Library Parkland-Spanaway Library Puyallup Library Seattle Central Library South Hill Library Summit Library (Tacoma) Sumner...

2011-03-29

289

76 FR 61378 - Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...and breeding ground for native birds'' (Executive Order 2123...areas for Brant. Numerous other birds use the refuge during migration and winter, including dabbling...pigeon guillemots, and forest birds. Harbor seals use the...

2011-10-04

290

76 FR 9047 - Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...songbirds stop at the Refuge during spring and fall migrations. Some bird species, such as mallards, great blue herons...be closed to public use during waterfowl and crane migration, to benefit dusky Canada geese and sandhill...

2011-02-16

291

76 FR 35363 - Proposed Amendment to Class B Airspace; Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...airspace in this area may be a potential solution. In the current...depicted as angles instead of curves. Area I. Floor would be...enhance safety, reduce the potential for a midair collision in...The FAA has assessed the potential effect of this proposed...

2011-06-17

292

77 FR 69576 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Thea Foss Waterway Previously Known as City Waterway, Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...contact information for emergency bridge openings. The...regulation states ``In emergencies, openings shall be...state notification for emergency opening would be made...compliance, please contact the person listed in the FOR...

2012-11-20

293

Recent results on Pb-Pb collisions from WA98 experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this report we present very preliminary first results from the collision of 158 GeV/nucleon Pb+Pb. Data on transverse energy production, charged particle and photon multiplicities, mT spectra of pions, two particle correlation functions, and neutral mesons are presented and discussed. (orig.)

294

A petrologic study of the Teanaway Basalt: Eocene slab window volcanism in central WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The Teanaway Basalt (TB) includes subaerial basalt to andesite flows, mafic to felsic tuffs, and rhyolite domes in the Central Cascades of Washington State. These volcanics overlie the extensive ~47 Ma Teanaway Dike Swarm (TDS) that cuts the underlying Swauk Formation. This study focuses on the tectonic setting of eruption and geochemical variations relating to geography and stratigraphy within the TB. The western-most area of the TB, Easton Ridge (ER), is compared with the eastern-most area of the TB, Liberty Ridge (LR) - 40 km to the east of ER. The bimodal TB consists predominantly of basaltic andesite and andesite (45.3-63.1 wt% SiO2) with subordinate rhyolite (75.9-79.4 wt% SiO2). The mafic rocks classify as primarily medium-K tholeiites (0.1-3.0 wt% K2O), but a few samples classify as alkaline. Enrichment in LILE and depletion in HFSE on spidergrams are indicative of an arc setting. However, compared with the modern Cascade Arc, the TB is distinctly higher in Fe2O3T (8.8-17.1 wt%) and TiO2 (1.1-2.7 wt%), and distinctly lower in Al2O3 (11.2-14.6) and K2O, with a similar range of Mg #s (0.15-0.48). Most tectonic discrimination plots characterize the TB as MORB, but some indicate an arc or within-plate setting. Preliminary Pb isotopic data (206Pb/204Pb = 19.13-19.19, 207Pb/204Pb = 15.62-15.64, and 208Pb/204Pb = 38.78-38.90) indicate the TB and TDS are more enriched than Cascade Arc rocks in 206Pb/204Pb and 208Pb/204Pb. Overall, these geochemical data are consistent with a model in which asthenospheric mantle ascending through a slab window interacts with mantle wedge that has previously acquired arc chemical traits. The existence of a slab window in this region during the mid-Eocene is compatible with plate reconstructions and evidence of extension that have been attributed to subduction of the Resurrection-Kula ridge (Haeussler et al., 2003). Harker plots show lavas at LR are generally more enriched than those at ER in Fe2O3T (11.9-17.1 wt% vs 8.8-15.7 wt%) MnO (0.16-0.28 wt% vs 0.11-0.24 wt%), and TiO2 (1.2-2.4 wt% vs 0.8-2.7 wt%), and have a narrower range of CaO (1.5-9.4 wt%) and Na2O (1.5-3.3 wt%) concentrations. Both LR and ER samples display modest LREE enrichment (La/Yb = 2.1-3.7) and similar incompatible element ratios, suggesting similar sources. ER samples show a broader range of REE contents but extend to lower levels, and have smaller negative Eu anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.55-0.96). Pearce element ratio plots suggest much of the variation reflects different degrees of plag+cpx fractionation. Alkaline lavas are restricted to ER and the central area of the TB. Differences in concentration at similar Mg# (most notably in Fe2O3T, TiO2, MnO, and Na2O) suggest multiple parent magmas, probably from similar mantle sources. With increasing stratigraphic height in the ~1.6 km thick LR section, there are general decreases in SiO2 (60 to 54 wt%), and general increases in CaO (4 to 8 wt%), MnO (0.1-0.15 wt%), and P2O5 (0.2-0.65 wt%). Mg# displays several cycles of decrease followed by increase, each extending over 400-1000m. These trends are suggestive of an evolving system that experienced multiple replenishment events.

Roepke, E.; Tepper, J. H.; Ivener, D.

2013-12-01

295

78 FR 50094 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Maxey Museum, Walla Walla, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal...remains was made by the Maxey Museum professional staff in consultation...renovations in the laboratory storage facility of the Biology Department...Department asked the Maxey Museum at Whitman College to...

2013-08-16

296

77 FR 48535 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...were acquired by the Sacajawea Museum at Sacajawea State Park, Pasco...the remains were removed from the museum's storage and placed in an off-site facility...present. In 1939, the Sacajawea Museum at Sacajawea State Park in...

2012-08-14

297

77 FR 13626 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...sole responsibility of the museum, institution or Federal agency...human remains was made by Maxey Museum professional staff in consultation...discovered in a large box in a storage closet in Memorial Hall, the...subsequently moved to Maxey Museum at Whitman College....

2012-03-07

298

Supplemental groundwater remediation technologies to protect the Columbia River at Hanford, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nine projects have been recently selected by the US Department of Energy (EM-22) to address groundwater contaminant migration at the Hanford Site. This paper summarizes the background and objectives of these projects. Five of the selected projects are targeted at hexavalent chromium contamination in Hanford 100 Area groundwater. These projects represent an integrated approach towards identifying the source of hexavalent chromium contamination in the Hanford 100-D Area and treating the groundwater contamination. Currently, there is no effective method to stop strontium-90 associated with the riparian zone sediments from leaching into the river. Phyto-remediation may be a possible way to treat this contamination. Its use at the 100-N Area will be investigated. Another technology currently being tested for strontium-90 contamination at the 100-N Area involves injection (through wells) of a calcium-citrate-phosphate solution, which will precipitate apatite, a natural calcium phosphate mineral. Apatite will adsorb the strontium-90, and then incorporate it as part of the apatite structure, isolating the strontium-90 contamination from entering the river. This EM-22 funded apatite project will develop a strategy for infiltrating the apatite solution from ground surface or a shallow trench to provide treatment over the upper portion of the contaminated zone, which is unsaturated during low river stage. Uranium in groundwater at the Hanford 300 Area is another environmental conford 300 Area is another environmental concern. Preliminary laboratory tests indicate that it may be possible to inject water-soluble phosphate compounds into the uranium contamination to stabilize it. One of the projects will perform laboratory tests using long-chain polyphosphate materials. Then, a field test will be conducted to determine if it is possible to treat groundwater in the unconfined aquifer at the Hanford 300 Area using polyphosphate materials. The rates of abiotic hydrolysis of are key parameters needed to predict the movement of carbon tetrachloride and one of its reductive degradation products, chloroform, from the Hanford 200 West Area towards the Columbia River. Current values for these rates have high uncertainty associated with them because they are extrapolated from determinations made at high temperatures (>70 deg. C) to ambient groundwater temperatures (?19 deg. C) and have ignored possible contributions from sorptive interactions with sediments. One of the EM-22 projects will improve this situation by measuring the hydrolysis rates at temperatures down to 20 deg. C and in contact with various sediment solids. (authors)

299

78 FR 10064 - Safety Zone; Vigor Industrial Roll-Out, West Duwamish Waterway, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part...Safety Zone; Vigor Industrial Roll-Out, West Duwamish...recordkeeping requirements, Security measures, Waterways...Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170...Safety Zone; Vigor Industrial Vessel...

2013-02-13

300

77 FR 41977 - City of Seattle, WA; Notice of Availability of Environmental Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

...license for the Skagit River Project (FERC No. 553) and has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA). The project is located on the Skagit River in Skagit, Snohomish...analysis of the potential environmental effects of...

2012-07-17

301

77 FR 60960 - Safety Zone, Coast Guard Exercise Area, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...fast moving surface vessels, smoke machines, pyrotechnics, and...fast moving surface vessels, smoke machines, and pyrotechnics...potentially startling or disorienting smoke, bright flashes, and loud...jeopardizing the safety or security of people, places or vessels. 7....

2012-10-05

302

20 CFR Appendix A to Subpart F of... - U.S. Seaports  

Science.gov (United States)

...Bay, OR Mapleton, OR Newport, OR Portland, OR Rainier, OR Reedsport, OR St. Helens, OR Toledo, OR Anacortes, WA Bellingham, WA Edmonds (Edwards Point), WA Everett, WA Ferndale, WA Friday Harbor, WA Grays...

2010-04-01

303

19 CFR 24.24 - Harbor maintenance fee.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Oregon Columbia River Ports, OR, WA2901—Astoria...Longview, WA 2908—Vancouver, WA Includes...Coos Bay Includes Port Orford, the Siuslaw...Street. Columbia River Ports, WA, OR2901—Astoria...Longview, WA 2908—Vancouver, WA...

2010-04-01

304

Healing leadership: the serving leader's impact on patient outcomes in a clinical environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Chris Nagel1, Anthony C Andenoro21Medical Operations – Continuous Improvement, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; 2Department of Organizational Leadership, Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA, USAAbstract: The future of health care is a topic that has significant importance to patients and caregivers alike for generations to come. As the health care industry becomes more complex, leadership and the examination of how to most effectively apply it to meet efficiency standards and optimize the patient experience will become paramount. Through this paper the authors provide the foundation for meeting this need through an innovative and socially adept framework that identifies the critical character attributes of a serving leader and the powerful impact that serving leaders can have on patient outcomes in the health care setting. This framework is grounded in a leadership theoretical foundation and contextually examined through qualitative methods. As the business of health care becomes more complex and more competitive, finding ways to improve processes and create healing environments conducive to improved patient outcomes will differentiate average health care and excellent health care in the future. This paper provides the impetus for successfully addressing these needs through the development of serving leaders, and three specific characteristics: emotional care, presence, and awareness.Keywords: servant leadership, health care, patient outcomes

Andenoro A

2012-05-01

305

Temporal Optimization of Radiotherapy Treatment Fractions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Absorbed dose calculations for 1 MeV, monodirectional photon beams targeted at an idealized neck cancer have been performed using the MCNP computer code. The dose-depth profiles for the individual beams were then used to calculate the cell-killing effects of representative treatment designs using the lethal and potentially lethal (LPL) radiobiological model. Our calculations, which are based on LPL parameter values for colon adenocarcinoma cells, suggest that increasing the time required to deliver each dose fraction from less than a minute up to 1 or 2 hours can decrease the overall cell-killing effects of some treatments by factors as high as 2 to 20. Moreover, dose protraction effects alter the iso-effect treatment dose by factors on the order of 5 to 10%. That is, a 75 Gy treatment produces about the same tumor control probability (TCP) as a 70 Gy treatment if the dose fractions are delivered in 1 to 2 hours instead of a few minutes. American Nuclear Society (ANS) Topical Meeting on Radiation Protection for our National Priorities, Medicine, the Environment, and the Legacy (RPS 2000), Spokane, WA, September 17-21, 2000.

Stewart, Robert D.(BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Traub, Richard J.(BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

2001-01-01

306

Temporal Optimization of Radiotherapy Treatment Fractions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Absorbed dose calculations for 1 MeV, monodirectional photon beams targeted at an idealized neck cancer have been performed using the MCNP computer code. The dose-depth profiles for the individual beams were then used to calculate the cell-killing effects of representative treatment designs using the lethal and potentially lethal (LPL) radiobiological model. Our calculations, which are based on LPL parameter values for colon adenocarcinoma cells, suggest that increasing the time required to deliver each dose fraction from less than a minute up to 1 or 2 hours can decrease the overall cell-killing effects of some treatments by factors as high as 2 to 20. Moreover, dose protraction effects alter the iso-effect treatment dose by factors on the order of 5 to 10%. That is, a 75 Gy treatment produces about the same tumor control probability (TCP) as a 70 Gy treatment if the dose fractions are delivered in 1 to 2 hours instead of a few minutes. American Nuclear Society (ANS) Topical Meeting on Radiation Protection for our National Priorities, Medicine, the Environment, and the Legacy (RPS 2000), Spokane, WA, September 17-21, 2000

307

Libby Amphibole Contamination in Tree Bark Surrounding Historical Vermiculite Processing Facilities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over a 70-year period, a mine near Libby, MT supplied nearly 80% of the world’s vermiculite. Raw vermiculite, which was contaminated with naturally occurring amphibole in veins throughout the deposit, was shipped to processing sites throughout the United States for exfoliation. In this pilot study, tree bark samples were collected near processing facilities in Spokane, WA, Santa Ana, CA, Newark, CA, and Phoenix, AZ in an effort to determine if areas surrounding these facilities are today contaminated with Libby amphibole asbestos (AA. From areas surrounding each of the four historical processing sites, Libby AA was detected in a subset of the bark samples. At the Santa Ana, Newark and Phoenix facilities, actinolite-tremolite and other high Fe Ca-bearing amphibole were also measured from the bark samples. In addition, chrysotile was frequently measured in samples collected from each of the sites. From the results of this pilot study, it is evident that tree bark can serve as reservoirs of asbestos, and indicators of past and current contamination. These data also suggest that areas outside of these historical processing facilities may today have some level of existing contamination resulting from the operation of these facilities.

Mohamed I. Elashheb

2011-10-01

308

CO (J=3-2) Emission in the Radio Galaxy 53W002 at z=2.394  

OpenAIRE

We report a sensitive search for redshifted CO (3-2) emission from the weak radio galaxy 53W002 at z=2.394. Maps at resolutions of 3 arcsec and 235km/s show a significant emission peak within 0.5 arcsec of the optical and radio continuum peaks. The measured narrow band flux is approximately ten times the extrapolated cm-wavelength non-thermal radio continuum expected at 101.9 GHz and exhibits a spectral profile implying a 540 km/s width (FWHM) at a systemic redshift z=2.394 ...

Scoville, N. Z.; Yun, M. S.; Windhorst, R. A.; Keel, W. C.; Armus, L.

1997-01-01

309

States of $\\rho D^* \\bar D^*$ with $J=3$ within the Fixed Center Approximation to the Faddeev equations  

CERN Document Server

We study the interaction of the a $\\rho$ and $D^*$, $\\bar D^*$ with spins aligned using the Fixed Center Approximation to the Faddeev equations. We select a cluster of $D^* \\bar D^*$, which is found to be bound in $I=0$ and can be associated to the X(3915), and let the $\\rho$ meson orbit around the $D^*$ and $\\bar D^*$. In this case we find an $I=1$ state with mass around 4340 MeV and narrow width of about 50 MeV. We also investigate the case with a cluster of $\\rho D^*$ and let the $\\bar D^*$ orbit around the system of the two states. The $\\rho D^*$ cluster is also found to bind and leads to the $D^*_2(2460)$ state. The addition of the extra $\\bar D^*$ produces further binding and we find, with admitted uncertainties, a state of $I=0$ around 4000 MeV, and a less bound narrow state with $I=1$ around 4200 MeV.

Bayar, M; Oset, E

2015-01-01

310

Non-trivial fixed point structure of the two-dimensional $\\mp J$ 3-state Potts ferromagnet/spin glass  

CERN Document Server

The fixed point structure of the 2D 3-state random-bond Potts model with a bimodal ($\\pm$J) distribution of couplings is for the first time fully determined using numerical renormalization group techniques. Apart from the pure and T=0 critical fixed points, two other non-trivial fixed points are found. One is the critical fixed point for the random-bond, but unfrustrated, ferromagnet. The other is a bicritical fixed point analogous to the bicritical Nishimori fixed point found in the random-bond frustrated Ising model. Estimates of the associated critical exponents are given for the various fixed points of the random-bond Potts model.

Sørensen, E; Huse, D A; Sorensen, Erik; Gingras, Michel; Huse, David

1998-01-01

311

Non-trivial fixed-point structure of the two-dimensional ±J 3-state Potts ferromagnet/spin glass  

Science.gov (United States)

The fixed-point structure of the 2D 3-state random-bond Potts model with a bimodal (±J) distribution of couplings is fully determined using numerical renormalization group techniques. Along the paramagnet-to-ferromagnet critical line we find a total of four distinct fixed points: i) the pure critical fixed point, ii) the critical fixed point for the random-bond, but unfrustrated, ferromagnet, iii) a bicritical fixed point analogous to the bicritical Nishimori fixed point found in the random-bond frustrated Ising model, and iv) the zero-temperature spin-glass to ferromagnet critical fixed point. Estimates of the associated critical exponents are given for the various fixed points.

Sørensen, E. S.; Gingras, M. J. P.; Huse, D. A.

1998-11-01

312

Non-trivial fixed point structure of the two-dimensional +-J 3-state Potts ferromagnet/spin glass  

OpenAIRE

The fixed point structure of the 2D 3-state random-bond Potts model with a bimodal ($\\pm$J) distribution of couplings is for the first time fully determined using numerical renormalization group techniques. Apart from the pure and T=0 critical fixed points, two other non-trivial fixed points are found. One is the critical fixed point for the random-bond, but unfrustrated, ferromagnet. The other is a bicritical fixed point analogous to the bicritical Nishimori fixed point fou...

Sorensen, Erik; Gingras, Michel; Huse, David

1998-01-01

313

Exact diagonalization study of the spin-1 two-dimensional $J_1$-$J_3$ Heisenberg model on a triangular lattice  

OpenAIRE

The spin-1 Heisenberg model on a triangular lattice with the ferromagnetic nearest- and antiferromagnetic third-nearest-neighbor exchange interactions, $J_1=-(1-p)J$ and $J_2=pJ$, $J>0$ $ (0 \\leq p \\leq 1)$, is studied with the use of the SPINPACK code. This model is applicable for the description of the magnetic properties of NiGa$_2$S$_4$. The ground, low-lying excited state energies and spin-spin correlation functions have been found for lattices with N=16 and N=20 sites ...

Rubin, P.; Sherman, A.

2014-01-01

314

Exact diagonalization study of the spin-1 two-dimensional J1-J3 Heisenberg model on a triangular lattice  

Science.gov (United States)

The spin-1 Heisenberg model on a triangular lattice with the ferromagnetic nearest-neighbor and antiferromagnetic third-nearest-neighbor exchange interactions, J1 = - (1 - p) J and J2 = pJ, J > 0 (0 ? p ? 1), is studied with the use of the SPINPACK code. This model is applicable for the description of the magnetic properties of NiGa2S4. The ground, low-lying excited state energies and spin-spin correlation functions have been found for lattices with N = 16 and N = 20 sites with the periodic boundary conditions. These results are in qualitative agreement with earlier authors' results obtained with Mori's projection operator technique.

Rubin, P.; Sherman, A.

2014-11-01

315

Eigenstates of complex linear combinations of J1, J2, J3 for any representation of SU(2)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The states which minimalize the uncertainty relation ?J1 ?J2 >=1/2/3>/ are eigenstates of complex linear combinations of J1 and J2. This kind of states is shown to have a very simple geometrical interpretation in the constellation formalism. A detailed description is given in the present pap

316

8 CFR 100.4 - Field offices.  

Science.gov (United States)

... Sumas, WA Tacoma, WA (the port of Tacoma includes, among others, the port facilities at Dupont, WA) Vancouver, WA Yakima, WA Class B Nighthawk... Class A San Francisco, CA (the port of San Francisco includes, among...

2010-01-01

317

Kashf al-Niq?b ‘an Ramz al-Muq?wamah al-Thaq?f?yah: ?ir?’ bayn al-Muslim?n wa al-Nubal?’ f? Risalatay D?rm?gandul wa G?t?l?sh?  

OpenAIRE

The discussion of this article is devoted to delineating the differences and even conflicting characteristics between these two sorts of the Japanese literature. Embedded within the two mentioned social and cultural groups of the Javanese, the priyayi and the santri, the two Javanese literature presented the discourses which are not only different but also disagreement between each other. In the nineteenth century Java, and also the Indonesian archipelago at large, due to the Dut...

Mochamad Ali

2014-01-01

318

Kashf al-Niq?b ‘an Ramz al-Muq?wamah al-Thaq?f?yah: ?ir?’ bayn al-Muslim?n wa al-Nubal?’ f? Risalatay D?rm?gandul wa G?t?l?sh?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The discussion of this article is devoted to delineating the differences and even conflicting characteristics between these two sorts of the Japanese literature. Embedded within the two mentioned social and cultural groups of the Javanese, the priyayi and the santri, the two Javanese literature presented the discourses which are not only different but also disagreement between each other. In the nineteenth century Java, and also the Indonesian archipelago at large, due to the Dutcb colonial government, these mentioned two social and cultural of the Javanese developed into respectively distinct and even conflicting groups.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v9i3.662

Mochamad Ali

2014-03-01

319

Al-‘Al?qah bayn al-D?n wa al-Dawlah bi Ind?n?siy?: Tan Malaka wa ?r?’uhu al-Siy?s?yah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present article is about the relation between religion and state as it is discussed by a prominent figure whose contributions to Indonesian politic are out of question. He is Tan Malaka, who has been considered as a radical Marxist activist. Through his works, including Madilog: Materialisme, Dialektika, Logika; Islam dalam Tinjauan Madilog Dari Penjara ke Penjara; Naar De Republiek Indonesie; Tan Malaka shows his deep appreciation to Marxism. That is why, in these works, be pays a great attention to liberation movement and freedom for people both from colonial domination and from feudalism rooted in Indonesian culture.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v7i2.711

Khairil Azhar

2014-03-01

320

Taq?lid Tuallif Kutub al-Tafs?r al-Malay?w?yah wa al-J?w?yah wa al-Sund?w?yah: Mu?awalah li Rasm Khar??ah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article examines the tradition of translating and interpreting the Qur'an in Javanese, Malay, and Sundanese, with a focus on manuscripts since the beginning of the 20th century. The author of this article has sought to show the dynamics of the translations and interpretations of the Qur'an in these three languages since the 17th century, while further explaining the characteristics of these works in the respective periods.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v12i3.585

Ervan Nurtawab

2005-12-01

321

Nah?at al-‘Ulam?’ bay al-B?tin?yah al-J?w?yah wa al-Ta?awwuf al-Isl?m?: ‘Ar?un wa Mun?qash?t  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Three kebatinan "holy books", Darmogandul, Gatoloco, and Wirid Hidayat Jati, are the point of focus in the analysis of doctrinal sources. The tendency of these three texts to ridicule santri(students at Islamic boarding schools or pesantren strengthens the impression that the Dutch colonial government used kebatinan to attack Islam. At the very least, this "cultural war" was closely linked to these texts.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v11i2.604

Muhammad Nursamad

2004-08-01

322

GigaWaM project overview : high Density WDM-PON based on tunable lasers and VCSEL Arrays  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In the poster we present novel hybridized central office and optical network unit technologies for a 64 user WDM-PON, providing 1.25 Gbps bidirectional access over 20 km. Preliminary experimental transmission results are presented, including the possibility of upgrade up to 10 Gbps.

Rodes Lopez, Roberto; Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood

323

75 FR 11533 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Technical Meeting To Discuss...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Location: On the east side of Admiralty Inlet in Puget Sound, Washington, about 1 kilometer west of Whidbey Island, entirely within Island County, Washington. f. Filed Pursuant to: 18 CFR 5.3 of the Commission's regulations. g....

2010-03-11

324

76 FR 41237 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice Concluding Pre-Filing Process and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Location: On the east side of Admiralty Inlet in Puget Sound, Washington, about 1 kilometer west of Whidbey Island, entirely within Island County, Washington. The project would not occupy any Federal lands. g. Filed Pursuant to: 18...

2011-07-13

325

77 FR 17466 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Location: On the east side of Admiralty Inlet in Puget Sound, Washington, about 1 kilometer west of Whidbey Island, entirely within Island County, Washington. The project would not occupy any federal lands. g. Filed Pursuant to:...

2012-03-26

326

Al-Ummah f? Ind?n?s?ya: Mafh?muh?, W?qi‘uh? wa Tajr?batuh?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Islam has undergone several renewals throughout its long history in Indonesia. These renewals have resulted in stratifications leading to the formation of sects within Indonesian Muslim community. Meanwhile, Hinduism and Buddhism -  the two dominant religions which came before Islam - still exist amongst a small number of the population, and Christianity is gaining more adherents. In effect Indonesia is becoming an ethnically, religiously and professionally pluralistic nation. Differences in opinion are thus unavoidable.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v1i1.867

M. Quraish Shihab

2014-05-01

327

Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wa?brzych (SW Poland. II. Dependence on the substrate and seasonality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Results confirm domination of the occurrence of slime moulds on decaying wood of Fagus (33 taxa, as well as on Tilia (31. The list of species found on wood of Acer pseudoplatanus was extended up to 18. In such a specific microhabitat as litter 33 taxa were found, and among them abundant occurrence of Diachea leucopodia and Diderma testaceum was conspicuous. Dependence of the occurrence of myxomycetes on climatic conditions is manifeted by various periods of "fructification" of particular species. August and September were the most favourable months (49 taxa each while July was the worst one (30 taxa. Slime moulds inhabiting litter had their maximum from June to August.

Wanda Stojanowska

2004-12-01

328

Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wa?brzych (SW Poland. Part I. List of taxa and quantitative analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A total number of 103 Myxomycetes taxa is known of the "Prze?omy pod Ksi??em" nature reserve. In 2002, 89 taxa were recorded in the reserve. The following families prevail: Physaraceae - 24.4 %, Arcyriaceae, Didymiaceae and Stemonitidaceae - 15.8 % each, Trichiaceae - 12.2 %. Dominant genera are: Physarum - 14 species, Arcyria - 9, Trichia - 8, Cribraria and Diderma - 7 each. Three species were recorded for the first time in Poland: Arcyria minuta, Cribraria persooni and Symphytocarpus flaccidus. The occurrence of Didymium serpula and Lepidoderma tigrinum in Lower Silesia was confirmed after 100 years.

Wanda Stojanowska

2004-06-01

329

Integrated Status and Effectiveness Monitoring Program Population Estimates for Juvenile Salmonids in Nason Creek, WA ; 2008 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes juvenile coho, spring Chinook, and steelhead salmon migration data collected at a 1.5m diameter cone rotary fish trap on Nason Creek during 2008; providing abundance and freshwater productivity estimates. We used species enumeration at the trap and efficiency trials to describe emigration timing and to estimate the number of emigrants. Trapping began on March 2, 2008 and was suspended on December 11, 2008 when snow and ice accumulation prevented operation. During 2008, 0 brood year (BY) 2006 coho, 1 BY2007 coho, 906 BY2006 spring Chinook, 323 BY2007 fry Chinook, 2,077 BY2007 subyearling Chinook, 169 steelhead smolts, 414 steelhead fry and 2,390 steelhead parr were trapped. Mark-recapture trap efficiency trials were performed over a range of stream discharge stages. A total of 2,639 spring Chinook, 2,154 steelhead and 12 bull trout were implanted with Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags. Most PIT tagged fish were used for trap efficiency trials. We were unable to identify a statistically significant relationship between stream discharge and trap efficiency, thus, pooled efficiency estimates specific to species and trap size/position were used to estimate the number of fish emigrating past the trap. We estimate that 5,259 ({+-} 359; 95% CI) BY2006 Chinook, 16,816 ({+-} 731; 95% CI) BY2007 Chinook, and 47,868 ({+-} 3,780; 95% CI) steelhead parr and smolts emigrated from Nason Creek in 2008.

Collins, Matthew; Murdoch, Keely [Yakama Nation Fisheries Resource Management

2009-07-20

330

76 FR 68783 - Notice of Realty Action: Direct (Non-Competitive) Sale of Reversionary Interest in Benton County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...4\\. The area described contains 40 acres in Benton County. The City's initial purpose for the parcel was as a sewage interceptor site and lagoon. This use is no longer needed. The City had requested to change the use and control of all or a...

2011-11-07

331

Al-Sul??nah f? Cirebon: Dir?sah T?r?kh?yah wa Thaq?f?yah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses the Sultanate of Cirebon from two perspectives. First, from its historical standpoints, including its rise, development and fall. Second, from its cultural point of views covering such aspects as architecture, literature, and performing arts, which have become local traditions until nowadays. Geographically, Cirebon is located in Northern part of law coast. Its strategic location, with a number of river mouths, plays an important role for the development of Cirebon to become a harbor city for regional and international sailing and trading nativities. The position of Cirebon as a harbor city has begun since Hindu and Buddhist Kingdom of Sundanese Pajajaran, as can be seen from local archives, such as babad and carita, as well as foreign historical records.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v16i2.485

Uka Tjandrasasmita

2009-08-01

332

77 FR 28568 - Foreign-Trade Zone 216-Olympia, WA; Notification of Proposed Production Activity; Callisons, Inc...  

Science.gov (United States)

...during customs entry procedures that apply to essential oils of peppermint (mentha piperita), other essential mint oils, odoriferous...derivatives, cyclenic ketones without oxygen, essential oils of peppermint (mentha piperita), essential oils of mint and...

2012-05-15

333

77 FR 13622 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...2253-665] Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College...Indian tribes, has determined that the cultural items meet the definition of unassociated...to be culturally affiliated with these cultural items may contact Maxey Museum....

2012-03-07

334

77 FR 25157 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Recommendations, Terms and Conditions, and Fishway Prescriptions, and Waiving the Timing...recommendations, terms and conditions, and fishway prescriptions: 30 days from the issuance...recommendations, terms and conditions, and fishway prescriptions may be filed...

2012-04-27

335

75 FR 1049 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Intent To File License...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Snohomish PUD) e. Name of Project: Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project. f. Location: On the east side of Admiralty Inlet...County, Washington. The project would not occupy any...regulations. h. Applicant Contact: Steven J....

2010-01-08

336

75 FR 53735 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on East Lake Sammamish Master Plan Trail in King County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...transportation enhancement project, the East Lake Sammamish Trail...approvals for the project. DATES: By this...FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For FHWA: Mr...following transportation project in the State of Washington: East Lake Sammamish...

2010-09-01

337

75 FR 5941 - Umatilla National Forest, Walla Walla Ranger District, Walla Walla, WA; Cobbler II Timber Sale...  

Science.gov (United States)

...acres in size. Proposed project activities consist of...decommissioned after project use), new road construction...FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Betsy Kaiser, Project Team Leader, Walla...approximately 5 miles east of the project...

2010-02-05

338

Canada continues use prohibition of gene recombination cattle somatotropin; Kanada wa idenshikumikaegyu seicho horumon no shiyo kinshi wo keizoku  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Canada continued use prohibition of gene recombination cattle somatotropin (BST) which stimulated milk increased production of this company in spite of request of Monsanto Co.. The cow that BST was administered is based on the report of veterinary surgeon that causes reproductive function and lowering in the life, dysbasia and increase in the mastitis on this. From the research report that BST causes thyroid gland cyst of the male rat in U.S.A., consumer organization and environment group petition FDA for the elimination of BST from the U.S.A. market. In the meantime, Monsanto Co. in the report which Canada adopted, chemical structure is different, and it reports that it uses BST of other company in which dosing method and dosing frequency differ and disregards the report of Cornell university in which the life of the cow administered more and more does not lower BST. (translated by NEDO)

NONE

1999-04-05

339

Initial Site-wide Groundwater remediation Strategy of the Hanford Site, WA: Its Application, Lessons Learned and Future Path forward  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 1989, the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) formed an agreement to clean up the Hanford Site, located in the state of Washington. By 1995, the three parties developed an initial comprehensive site wide groundwater remediation strategy with a vision to address contaminated plumes of hazardous and radioactive waste. The Hanford Site has more than 170 square miles of contaminated groundwater. Almost half exceeds the state and federal drinking water standards. The plumes are often commingled. The remediation is challenged by limited technologies, poor understanding of conceptual models, and subsurface contaminant behavior. This paper briefly describes the basic principles of the initial strategy, its application, the results of the decade-long operation, and the future path forward. The initial strategy was based on a qualitative assessment to reduce immediate risk to human health and the environment; to support commonly held values of stakeholders, including tribal nations and the public; and to deploy available remediation technologies. Two different approaches were used for two distinct geographic, the river shore reactor areas and the central plateau few miles away. The strategy was to cleanup the major groundwater plumes in the reactor areas next to the Columbia River where chromium, strontium-90, and uranium already entering the river and to contain the plumes ering the river and to contain the plumes of chlorinated solvents and radionuclides in the central plateau. The strategy acknowledges the lack of cost-effective technologies to address the contaminants, and asked DOE to develop, test, and deploy cost-effective alternative technologies wherever applicable. After more than a decade, the results are mixed. While the pump and treat provided a meaningful approach to address certain contaminants, it was too small in scale. Efforts to scale up these operations enhance characterization, and to deployment innovative technologies are progressing; albeit slowly due to budget constraints. A number of innovative technologies were identified to address source control and groundwater remediation across the Hanford Site. In the 10 years since the initial strategy was developed, additional severe groundwater and vadose zone contaminations were discovered under the waste storage tanks on the central plateau and river corridor areas. These problems required changes to the strategy. Changes include complete integration of vadose zone and groundwater characterization and remediation activities and immediate needs for technologies to address the deep vadose zone source areas, as well as thick aquifer contamination - especially for chlorinated solvents and technetium-99. The successes of the initial strategy show that even a strategy based on incomplete information can make progress on difficult issues. The regulatory agencies identified these issues early and provided the needed direction to DOE to move forward with the overall mission of clean up. The cleanup of the Hanford site is a big challenge, not only for DOE, but also for the regulators, to ensure the tri-party agencies achieve the desired goals. (authors)

340

Epistemologia Rudolfa Hermanna Lotzego. Obiektywno?? jako epistemiczna wa?no?? [Epistemology of Rudolf Hermann Lotze. Objectivity as epistemic importance  

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Full Text Available In the article I am describing epistemology R.H. Lotze’s, which as first entered comprehending the value into language of philosophy. He emphasized the limitation of the human mind in his project. He thought that metaphysics was insufficient as a base for science to arise. Therefore the sphere of the human cognition is supposed to be limited to a system of the importance and its confirmation in experience. As a result of such a thinking, it is necessary to express the cognition through the validity. Namely through the awareness of stretching it what detailed and general.

Marcin Furman

2013-09-01

341

77 FR 70137 - Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA; Bannon, Aeneas, Revis, and Tunk Grazing...  

Science.gov (United States)

...authorize grazing at current permitted cattle...February 2013. ADDRESSES: Submit written...be part of an email message or as...Plain Text (.txt), or Portable...Purpose and Need for Action The...livestock grazing at current levels using a...including names and addresses of those who...

2012-11-23

342

Smoking, it is slow suicide - aiming for smoking cessation; Kitsuen sore wa kanmannaru jisatsu. Kin'en wo mezashite  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Toxic substances content rate in the particle phase and the gas phase of paper roll tobacco and included substances in mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke were shown. Delay of information disclosure in developing countries including Japan was introduced along with explanation of the smoking situation in Japan and each country in world in the man and woman independence. As health hazard by smoking, symptom by nicotin, carbon dioxide and included other substances was described separately and smoking cessation countermeasure was introduced. (NEDO)

Azuma, Keiko [sophia University, Tokyo (Japan)

1999-02-01

343

Badania nad enolaz? - wa?nym alergenem grzybów ple?niowych. Preparacja i charakterystyka enolazy z Alternaria alternata  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wprowadzenie: Enzym szlaku glikolitycznego enolaza, uznawany jest za g?ówny alergen grzybów i ple?ni. Uzyskanie wysokooczyszczonych preparatów enolazy z ró?nych gatunków grzybów pozwoli w przysz?o?ci na zwi?kszenie specyficzno?ci i czu?o?ci w diagnostyce alergologicznej. Cel pracy: Celem niniejszej pracy by?o opracowanie metody preparacji enolazy z Alternaria alternata oraz zbadanie podstawowych w?a?ciwo?ci biochemicznych oczyszczonego enzymu. Materia? i metody: Szczep Alternaria alternata izolowany ze ?rodowiska hodowano na po?ywce Sabourauda z 4% glukoz?. Komórki grzybów rozbijano mechanicznie w m?ynku Brauna. Ekstrakt uzyskany ze zdezintegrowanych komórek frakcjonowano (NH42S04, a nast?pnie rozdzielano chromatograficznie na kolumnach, wype?nionych z?o?ami DEAE-Sephadex A-50 i CM-Sephadex C-50. Wyniki: Przeprowadzono badania nad wp?ywem czasu trwania hodowli Alternaria alternata na poziom aktywno?ci enolazowej w ekstrakcie komórkowym. Wykazano, ?e dla celów preparatywnych najefektywniejsza jest hodowla 28-dniowa. Opracowano metod? oczyszczania enolazy z Alternaria alternata, pozwalaj?c? na uzyskiwanie wysokooczyszczonego bia?ka. Okre?lono w?a?ciwo?ci molekularne i kinetyczne oczyszczonego enzymu. Wyznaczono mas? cz?steczkow? podjednostki enolazy Mw=47 kDa i optimum pH=6,8. Wykazano wysok? termostabilno?? enzymu, pozwalaj?c? na zachowanie 50% aktywno?ci po jednogodzinnej inkubacji w 50°C. Zbadano sta?e kinetyczne Km i Vmax dla reakcji 2-PGA—>PEP (1^=0,36 mM; Vmax=4 mmol min"1 pmol"1. Wnioski: Opracowana metoda izolacji i oczyszczania enolazy z Alternaria alternata pozwala na uzyskiwanie wysokooczyszczonego bia?ka. W?a?ciwo?ci biochemiczne oczyszczonego enzymu wskazuj? na jego znaczne molekularne podobie?stwo do enolazy z Saccharomyces cerevisiae i Candida albicans, co mo?e stanowi? przyczyn? wyst?powania krzy?owych reakcji mi?dzy tymi gatunkami grzybów.

Irena Kustrzeba-Wójcicka

2001-12-01

344

Numerical methods in thermal problems. Volume 3 - Proceedings of the Third International Conference, Seattle, WA, August 2-5, 1983  

Science.gov (United States)

Aspects of heat conduction are discussed, taking into account the numerical solution of steady periodic problems in heat conduction, partially discontinuous boundary elements for heat conduction, the numerical solution of heat conduction in a nonhomogeneous infinite domain by coupling the finite difference method and the boundary element method, and a method for efficiently incorporating radiative boundaries in finite element programs. Other subjects explored are related to phase change, heat and mass transfer in porous bodies, thermal and drying stresses, mathematical and computational techniques, free and forced convection, coupled conduction and convection, turbulent heat transfer, fire and combustion simulation, nuclear waste disposal, solar energy, and industrial and scientific applications. Attention is given to the dynamics of heat exchangers, temperature fields of burnt-up nuclear fuel elements in dry-storage containers, a numerical analysis of solar convective dryers, and a numerical solution by digital computer of optimum thermochemical parameters for the rocket thrust chamber.

Lewis, R. W.; Johnson, J. A.; Smith, W. R.

345

77 FR 32943 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Driving in the Columbia River, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...window if they can be installed during low water periods under dry conditions. Sound...diameter pile in the dry during low water would be similar to the sound levels...window if they can be installed during low water periods under dry conditions....

2012-06-04

346

75 FR 16502 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...funerary objects from Umatilla burial areas at the confluence of...on provenience, collector history, and the nature of the objects...It is a heavily-excavated burial area, and is located at the...Mamalose translates to `burial place'),'' by...

2010-04-01

347

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 10): Wyckoff/Eagle Harbor, WA. (First remedial action), September 1992  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The 3,780-acre Wyckoff/Eagle Harbor site is located on the east side of Bainbridge Island, in Central Puget Sound, Kitsap County, Washington. The site consists of an inactive 40-acre wood treating facility owned by Wyckoff, the adjacent 500-acre Eagle Harbor and other upland sources of contamination to the Harbor, including a former shipyears. The selected remedial action for this site includes dredging, dewatering, excavating approximately 1,000 to 7,000 cubic yards of intertidal sediment that exceed levels of 5 mg/kg mercury and/or lower moderate PAH concentrations, followed by treatment using solidification/stabilization, if necessary, to comply with LDR as determined by bench scale tests; transporting sediment, which cannot be treated to meet LDR offsite for disposal at a RCRA-permitted landfill; treating wastewater from the dewatering process using carbon adsorption before discharge into the harbor; capping over sediment in areas of high concern with a 1-meter thick layer of clean sediment; placing a thin layer of clean sediment in subtidal areas of low to moderate concern to enhance natural sediment recovery; conducting long-term environmental monitoring; and implementing institutional controls to prevent exposure to contaminated fish and shellfish. The estimated present worth cost for this remedial action ranges from $6,200,000 to $16,000,000 which includes a present worth O M cost of $1,100,000 for 10 years.

1992-09-29

348

THE COST OF POSITIONAL NEGOTIATIONS VERSUS COLLABORATIVE OR RELATIONAL NEGOTIATIONS FOR NEGOTIATING COMPLIANCE MILESTONES AT HANFORD WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Hanford site is subject to the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (HFFACO), an order on consent signed by the DOE, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA) and the Washington Department of Ecology (WDOE). Under the HFFCCO, negotiations for transition milestones begin within six months after the issuance of a shutdown order. In the case of the PFP, the Nuclear Materials disposition and stabilization activities, a DOE responsibility, were necessary as precursor activities to Transition. This situation precipitated a crisis in the negotiations between the agencies, and formal negotiations initiated in 1997 ended in failure. The negotiations reached impasse on several key regulatory and operational issues. The 1997 negotiation was characterized by a strongly positional style. DOE and the regulatory personnel took hard lines early in the negotiations and were unable to move to resolution of key issues after a year and a half. This resulted in unhappy stakeholders, poor publicity, and work delays as well as wounded relationships between DOE and the regulatory community. The PFP is a former plutonium metal production facility. The operating mission of the PFP ended with a DOE Headquarters shutdown letter in October of 1996. Generally, the receipt of a shutdown letter initiates the start of Transition (as the first step of Decommissioning) of a facility. In the 2000-2001 PFP negotiations, a completely different approach was suggested and eventualferent approach was suggested and eventually initiated: Collaborative or Relational Negotiations. The relational negotiation style resulted in agreement between the agencies on all key issues within 6 months of initiation. All parties were very pleased with the results and all parties were relieved that protracted negotiations sessions were not needed with the new style of working together collaboratively to serve each other's interests without compromising each party's needs. The characteristics of collaborative negotiations included building trust, emphasizing equality of team members, problem solving by the entire team, relying on individual communications, and self-management skills. A specific example of positional negotiations is given with the resultant increase in cost, duration of negotiations, and lingering questions regarding trust among the parties

349

Determining flow, recharge, and vadose zonedrainage in anunconfined aquifer from groundwater strontium isotope measurements, PascoBasin, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Strontium isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sr) measured in groundwater samples from 273 wells in the Pasco Basin unconfined aquifer below the Hanford Site show large and systematic variations that provide constraints on groundwater recharge, weathering rates of the aquifer host rocks, communication between unconfined and deeper confined aquifers, and vadose zone-groundwater interaction. The impact of millions of cubic meters of wastewater discharged to the vadose zone (103-105 times higher than ambient drainage) shows up strikingly on maps of groundwater 87Sr/86Sr. Extensive access through the many groundwater monitoring wells at the site allows for an unprecedented opportunity to evaluate the strontium geochemistry of a major aquifer, hosted primarily in unconsolidated sediments, and relate it to both long term properties and recent disturbances. Groundwater 87Sr/86Sr increases systematically from 0.707 to 0.712 from west to east across the Hanford Site, in the general direction of groundwater flow, as a result of addition of Sr from the weathering of aquifer sediments and from diffuse drainage through the vadose zone. The lower 87Sr/86Sr groundwater reflects recharge waters that have acquired Sr from Columbia River Basalts. Based on a steady-state model of Sr reactive transport and drainage, there is an average natural drainage flux of 0-1.4 mm/yr near the western margin of the Hanford Site, and ambient drainage may be up to 30 mm/yr in the center of the site assuming an average bulk rock weathering rate of 10-7.5 g/g/yr.

mjsingleton@lbl.gov

2004-06-29

350

“Nahni wa xfendik” (We and the others): Negotiation of multiple identities in the maronite community of Cyprus  

OpenAIRE

In this study I will examine the negotiation of multiple identities in the Maronite Community of Cyprus which comprises four villages in the occupied territories (Kormakiti, Asomatos, Karpashia, Agia Marina) and a large number of displaced population in the area of Nicosia, Larnaca and Limassol, and especially the extent to which some identities are negotiable, while others are not. I will analyze the concept of collective identity in relation to religious and ethnic factors (Maronite, ...

Koumarianou Maria

2011-01-01

351

Experiments in dam removal, sediment pulses and channel evolution on the Clark Fork River, MT and White Salmon River, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Two recent dam removals on tributaries to the Columbia River in the northwestern United States present contrasting examples of how dam removal methods, reservoir contents, and geomorphic settings influence system responses. The 2008 removal of Milltown Dam, from the Clark Fork River (CFR), Montana, and the 2011 removal of Condit Dam from the White Salmon River (WSR), Washington (Table 1), represent two of the largest dam removals to date. The Milltown Dam removal was notable because the dam stored millions of cubic meters of contaminated mine tailings, a portion of which were excavated as part of Superfund remediation but a portion of which flowed downstream after the removal. On the CFR, post-breach high flows in 2008 produced reservoir erosion and downstream deposition in bed interstices, along bars, and on the floodplain, but above-average (3-15 year recurrence interval) floods since then have remobilized this material and have, to a large extent, erased signs of downstream sedimentation. The Condit Dam removal entailed dynamiting of a 4m by 5.5m hole at the base of the dam, which produced rapid and dramatic draining of fine reservoir sediments within hours of the blast. Downstream of Condit Dam, the initial hyperconcentrated flows and sediment pulse draped the WSR with fine sediment, filled pools, and, in an unconfined reach influenced by the Columbia River's backwater, caused meters of aggradation and new bar formation. In the confined, bedrock-dominated reach downstream of the Condit site, pool-riffle structure has started to reemerge as of summer 2012 and the finest bed materials have been evacuated from the main channel, although sediment storage in pools and eddies persists. Whereas post-breach geomorphic responses on the CFR have been largely driven by hydrology, the post-breach evolution of the WSR has been predominantly influenced by antecedent geomorphic conditions (slope, confinement, and Columbia River backwater). On both the CFR and WSR, the pace of post-breach reservoir erosion and of geomorphic recovery from the disturbances produced by dam removal has been rapid, far exceeding pre-breach predictions.Table 1: Comparison of Milltown and Condit Dam removals

Wilcox, A. C.

2012-12-01

352

76 FR 28505 - Okanogan Public Utility District No. 1 of Okanogan County, WA; Notice of Availability of Draft...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Low flow periods correspond with low water velocities from which suspended sediments...vegetation establishes along the new low water line; Abandoning and restoring...vegetation establishes along the new low water line. It also proposes to...

2011-05-17

353

Modos de reutilización en la historiografía andalusí: el Kitab al-Masalik wa-l-mamalik de al-Bakri  

OpenAIRE

Versión post-print de este artículo publicada en P. Toubert y P. Moret (eds.), "Remploi, citation, plagiat. Conduites et pratiques médiévales (xe-xiie siècle)”, Collection de la Casa de Velázquez 112, Madrid, 2009, pp. 23-42

Penelas, Mayte

2008-01-01

354

75 FR 59688 - Foreign-Trade Zone 203-Moses Lake, WA; Application for Reorganization and Expansion Under...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Proposed Site 2 (38 acres)--Zip Truck Line, Inc., 13957 Road 1.9 NE, Moses Lake; and, Proposed Site 3 (60 acres)-- SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers, LLC, 8781 Randolph Road NE, Moses Lake. Because the ASF only pertains to establishing or...

2010-09-28

355

78 FR 30901 - Record of Decision and Wetland/Floodplain Statement of Findings for the W.A. Parish Post...  

Science.gov (United States)

...habitat. The potential would exist for invasive species to colonize newly disturbed...reduce the potential for establishment of invasive plant species. Depending on the...would cross the whooping crane migratory pathway. Any areas being...

2013-05-23

356

W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Project Phase 1 Definition  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

For a secure and sustainable energy future, the United States (U.S.) must reduce its dependence on imported oil and reduce its emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs). To meet these strategic challenges, the U.S. wiU have to create fundamentally new technologies with performance levels far beyond what is now possible. Developing advanced post-combustion clean coal technologies for capturing CO{sub 2} from existing coal-fired power plants can play a major role in the country's transition to a sustainable energy future, especially when coupled with CO{sub 2}-enhanced oil recovery (CO{sub 2}-EOR). Pursuant to these goals, NRG Energy, Inc. (NRG) submitted an application and entered into a cost-shared collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Round 3 of the Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) to advance low-emission coal technologies. The objective of the NRG W A Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Demonstration Project is to establish the technical feasibility and economic viability of post-combustion CO{sub 2} capture using flue gas from an existing pulverized coal-fired boiler integrated with geologic sequestration via an enhanced oil recovery (EOR) process. To achieve these objectives, the project will be executed in three phases. Each phase represents a distinct aspect of the project execution. The project phases are: • Phase I. Project Definition/Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) • Phase ll. Detailed Engineering, Procurement & Construction • Phase III. Demonstration and Monitoring The purpose of Phase I is to develop the project in sufficient detail to facilitate the decision-making process in progressing to the next stage of project delivery. Phase n. This report provides a complete summary of the FEED study effort, including pertinent project background information, the scope of facilities covered, decisions, challenges, and considerations made regarding configuration and performance of the facility, along with the conceptual design and estimate results. The findings of this report should be considered conceptual in nature and are conditioned on the statements contained herein. The cost of preparing this report (including the FEED study described herein) was funded in part by a $167-million grant provided by the U.S. DOE.

Armpriester, Anthony; Smith, Roger; Scheriffius, Jeff; Smyth, Rebecca; Istre, Michael

2014-02-01

357

Al-Ma‘had al-Tur?th? wa Taqwim al-Jam?‘ah: Tajribah Ma‘had Hidayatullah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses some of the characteristic peculiarities of the pesantren as in Pesantren Hidayatullah, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, which does not make Arabic reviewing activities as part of the daily staple of his students.During the last three decades, pesantren in Indonesia have shown  a variety of institutional developments. The identification of pesantren as Islamic learning institutions-especially in term of their specific role in preserving intellectual tradition and reproducing 'ilama' may no longer be sufficient to explaint that development. Such a trend can be seen in the establishment of a significant number of Islamic learning institution in the country with different visions and characteristics of learning. One of the leading institutions representing this new form of pesantren is Pesantren Hidayatullah, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v5i2.756

Sirojudin Abbas

2014-03-01

358

Identification of maintainers and restorers for WA and Kalinga sources of CMS lines in rice (Oryza sativa L.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The availability of stable cytoplasmic male sterility and fertility restoring system is vital for commercial exploitation ofheterosis in rice. This study using three CMS lines viz., APMS 6A, CRMS 32A and PUSA 6A and six testers viz., SR-6-SW-8-1, R 1099-2569-1-1, R-1557-1306-1-568-1, Super rice-7, Super rice-8 and Jitpiti. Based on the pollen fertility (%and spikelet fertility (% two genotypes i.e. Super rice-8 for APMS 6A and R 1099-2569-1-1 for CRMS 32A wereidentified as potential restorers and two genotypes i.e. SR-6-SW-8-1 for APMS 6A and R-1557-1306-1-568-1 for CRMS32A were identified as maintainers.

Sri Krishnalatha and Deepak Sharma

2012-12-01

359

Identification of maintainers and restorers for WA and Kalinga sources of CMS lines in rice (Oryza sativa L.)  

OpenAIRE

The availability of stable cytoplasmic male sterility and fertility restoring system is vital for commercial exploitation ofheterosis in rice. This study using three CMS lines viz., APMS 6A, CRMS 32A and PUSA 6A and six testers viz., SR-6-SW-8-1, R 1099-2569-1-1, R-1557-1306-1-568-1, Super rice-7, Super rice-8 and Jitpiti. Based on the pollen fertility (%)and spikelet fertility (%) two genotypes i.e. Super rice-8 for APMS 6A and R 1099-2569-1-1 for CRMS 32A wereidentified as potential restore...

Sri Krishnalatha and Deepak Sharma

2012-01-01

360

78 FR 34552 - Modification of Class D and Class E Airspace and Establishment of Class E Airspace; Pasco, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...telephone (425) 203-4537. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: History On March 26, 2013, the FAA published in the Federal Register...The FAA's Aeronautical Products Office found that the Pasco Compass Locator at ILS Outer Marker (LOM) has been...

2013-06-10

361

Uhalisia na uhalisiamazingaombwe: mshabaha kati ya Dunia yao na The tin drum  

OpenAIRE

Je, kuna uhusiano gani kati ya Euphrase Kezilahabi wa Tanzania na Gabriel García Marquez wa Kolombia, au kati ya Kyallo Wadi Wamitila wa Kenya na Juan Rulfo wa Meksiko ama kati ya Günter Grass wa Ujerumani na Said Ahmed Mohamed wa Zanzibar? Waandishi hawa waliotengwa kitaifa na kilugha wanaunganishwa na uamuzi wao wa kuandika riwaya kwenye mtindo usiokuwa wa kawaida, mtindo wa uhalisiamazingaombwe. Kwa kulinganisha na kulinganua riwaya ya Mohamed na ile ya Grass ninakazia nadhari dayolojia ...

Waliaula, Ken Walibora

2012-01-01

362

Unveiling the physical properties and kinematics of molecular gas in the Antennae Galaxies (NGC 4038/9) through high resolution CO (J = 3-2) observations  

OpenAIRE

We present a ~ 1" (100 pc) resolution 12CO (3-2) map of the nearby intermediate stage interacting galaxy pair NGC 4038/9 (the Antennae galaxies) obtained with the Submillimeter Array. We find that half the CO (3-2) emission originates in the overlap region where most of the tidally induced star formation had been previously found in shorter wavelength images, with the rest being centered on each of the nuclei. The gross distribution is consistent with lower resolution single...

Ueda, Junko; Iono, Daisuke; Petitpas, Glen; Yun, Min S.; Ho, Paul T. P.; Kawabe, Ryohei; Mao, Rui-qing; Martin, Sergio; Matsushita, Satoki; Peck, Alison B.; Tamura, Yoichi; Wang, Junzhi; Wang, Zhong; Wilson, Christine D.; Zhang, Qizhou

2011-01-01

363

Unveiling the physical properties and kinematics of molecular gas in the Antennae Galaxies (NGC 4038/9) through high resolution CO (J = 3-2) observations  

CERN Document Server

We present a ~ 1" (100 pc) resolution 12CO (3-2) map of the nearby intermediate stage interacting galaxy pair NGC 4038/9 (the Antennae galaxies) obtained with the Submillimeter Array. We find that half the CO (3-2) emission originates in the overlap region where most of the tidally induced star formation had been previously found in shorter wavelength images, with the rest being centered on each of the nuclei. The gross distribution is consistent with lower resolution single dish images, but we show for the first time the detailed distribution of the warm and dense molecular gas across this galaxy pair at resolutions comparable to the size of a typical giant molecular complex. While we find that 58% (33/57) of the spatially resolved Giant Molecular Associations (GMAs; a few x 100 pc) are located in the overlap region, only \\leqq 30% spatially coincides with the optically detected star clusters, suggesting that the bulk of the CO (3-2) emission traces the regions with very recent or near future star formation ...

Ueda, Junko; Petitpas, Glen; Yun, Min S; Ho, Paul T P; Kawabe, Ryohei; Mao, Rui-Qing; Martin, Sergio; Matsushita, Satoki; Peck, Alison B; Tamura, Yoichi; Wang, Junzhi; Wang, Zhong; Wilson, Christine D; Zhang, Qizhou

2011-01-01

364

Laser optogalvanic observations and MQDT analysis of mp{sup 5}nd J = 3 autoionizing resonances in Ar, Kr and Xe  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report new measurements of the spectra of argon, krypton and xenon in the autoionization region using a two-step resonant laser excitation and optogalvanic detection technique. By selecting (m)p{sup 5}(m + 1)p'[3/2]{sub 2} as an intermediate state (m = 4, 5 and 6 for Ar, Kr and Xe, respectively), we have been able to single out the (m)p{sup 5}nd[5/2]{sub 3} autoionizing resonances in their spectra. The MQDT parameters have been derived from the analysis of the series perturbations among the (m)p{sup 5}nd[5/2]{sub 3} (m)p{sup 5}nd[7/2]{sub 3} and (m)p{sup 5}nd'[5/2]{sub 3} series in the discrete region using the phase shifted formulation of the three-channel quantum defect theory and from the line profile analysis of the autoionizing resonances above the first ionization threshold. The predicted reduced widths for the autoionizing resonances based on the series perturbation analysis show good agreement with those of the experimentally observed profiles. Accurate values of the resonance energies, quantum defects and reduced widths are reported.

Baig, M A [Atomic and Molecular Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad (Pakistan); Hanif, M [College of E and ME, National University of Sciences and Technology, Peshawar Road, Rawalpindi 46000 (Pakistan); Aslam, M [Atomic and Molecular Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad (Pakistan); Bhatti, S A [NILOP, PO Box Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan)

2006-10-28

365

40 CFR Appendix B to Part 300 - National Priorities List  

Science.gov (United States)

...Benton CountyWA Jackson Park Housing Complex (USNAVY)Kitsap CountyWA Naval Air Station, Whidbey Island (Ault)Whidbey IslandWA Naval Undersea Warfare Station (4 Areas)KeyportWA Old Navy Dump/Manchester Lab...

2010-07-01

366

47 CFR 2.106 - Table of Frequency Allocations.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Detroit and Battle Creek, Michigan; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Richmond/Norfolk, Virginia; Spokane, Washington; and Washington...longitudeNational Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), Robert C. Byrd Telescope, Green Bank, WV...

2010-10-01

367

5 CFR Appendix C to Subpart B of... - Appropriated Fund Wage and Survey Areas  

Science.gov (United States)

...Texas:El Paso New Mexico:Dona Ana OteroArea of Application. Survey...Kittitas (Only includes the Yakima Firing Range portion) SpokaneSurvey Area...Does not include the Yakima Firing Range portion)Lincoln...

2010-01-01

368

40 CFR 52.2470 - Identification of plan.  

Science.gov (United States)

...and maintaining National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for the Spokane...Nonattainment Area, Vancouver Air Quality Maintenance Area, and Puget Sound...October 6, 1992. (D) State Policies and Guidelines Appendix D,...

2010-07-01

369

76 FR 30394 - Amended Certification Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance  

Science.gov (United States)

...Inc., and American Drug Stores LLC, Spokane, Washington...Inc., and American Drug Stores LLC, Fort Wayne, Indiana...Inc., and American Drug Stores LLC, West Bridgewater, Massachusetts...threatened with total or partial separation from employment on the...

2011-05-25

370

40 CFR Appendix B to Part 300 - National Priorities List  

Science.gov (United States)

...PaoliPA Price BatteryHamburgPA Raymark...BuckinghamVA C & R Battery Co., IncChesterfield...Vancouver WAGeneral Electric Co. (Spokane Shop...Bellingham WAPacific Car & Foundry CoRenton...JolietILSangamo Electric/Crab Orchard...

2010-07-01

371

75 FR 17410 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review  

Science.gov (United States)

...Spokane, Washington, NIOSH employs engineers and...problems. Although the NIOSH Mining Program widely...recommendations, techniques and products that emerge from the...the proposed survey of NIOSH Recommended Safety and...Initial telephone screening contact with coal...

2010-04-06

372

Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) Report : Grand Coulee Dam Mitigation, 1996-1999 Technical Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) study was to determine baseline habitat units and to estimate future habitat units for Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) mitigation projects on the Spokane Indian Reservation. The mitigation between BPA and the Spokane Tribe of Indians (STOI) is for wildlife habitat losses on account of the construction of Grand Coulee Dam. Analysis of the HEP survey data will assist in mitigation crediting and appropriate management of the mitigation lands.

Kieffer, B.; Singer, Kelly; Abrahamson, Twa-le

1999-07-01

373

Studies on the separation between higher-twist and minimum-twist in the photoproduction experiment WA69 at the CERN-OMEGA spectrometer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A Lund type Monte Carlo program (LUCIFER) is used to describe in perturbative QCD the pointlike component of the photon interacting on a hydrogen target. Kinematical and topological variables are developed to enhance higher twist events on the lowest order minimum twist background. The emphasis is laid on ?±, K± higher twist mesons. (orig.)

374

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 10): Hanford 200 Area (USDOE), (200-UP-1 Operable Unit), Benton County, WA, February 11, 1997  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This decision document presents the selected Interim Remedial Action (IRA) for the US Department of Energy (US DOE) Hanford 200-UP-1 Operable Unit (OU), 200 Area, Hanford Site, Benton County, Washington. The selected remedy consists of pumping the highest concentration zone of the contaminated groundwater plume at 200-UP-1 and treatment using the existing Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF) located in the 200 East Area. The selected remedy is intended to reduce contaminant mass within the plume and minimize migration of uranium and technetium-99 from the 200 West Area. The selected remedy will remove and treat these two contaminants of concern, in addition to the specific co-contaminants of nitrate and carbon tetrachloride which exist within the groundwater

375

MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO STUDY MIGMATITES: ORIGIN AND TECTONIC HISTORY OF THE NASON RIDGE MIGMATITIC GNEISS, WENATCHEE BLOCK, CASCADES CRYSTALLINE CORE, WA, USA  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: English Abstract in spanish La unidad "Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss" del "Cascades Core" (NW de los Estados Unidos) es una unidad migmatítica que comprende esquisto y gneis pelítico, anfibolita, gneis tonalítico y tonalita concordantes y tonalita, granitoide cuarzoso y pegmatita discordantes. Hay varias generaciones de litolo [...] gías ígneas (leucosomas = tonalita, granitoide cuarzoso, y pegmatita) algunos de las cuales son concordantes; otras claramente cortan la roca caja que está fuertemente deformada. La roca caja se interpreta ser la unidad "Chiwaukum Schist" que es una unidad metasedimentaria (esquisto pelítico y algunos gneises) y metavolcánica (anfibolitas). La fábrica metamórfica en el Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss está caracterizada por la orientación preferencial de minerales micáceos (esquistosidad continua), bandeamiento composicional, lineación mineral (granos y agregados elongados), y rasgos de deformación no-coaxial (augen asimétrico, granos cortados y desplazados, porfiroblastos rotados, etc.). El bandeamiento composicional está caracterizado por lentes y parches (a escala milimétrica y centimétrica) de cuarzo y plagioclasa y por variaciones grandes en contenido de biotita. Esta fabrica compuesta esta fallada y plegada por estructuras mesoscópicas. Los leucosomas con foliación más pronunciada (tonalitas gnéisicas) son generalmente concordantes con la tendencia regional de la foliación, mientras que los leucosomas débilmente foliados (tonalitas) y las venas de pegmatita cortan la roca caja y el gneis tonalítico. Capas delgadas de melanosoma (esquisto de biotita y de anfíbol) se desarrollan localmente alrededor de los lentes y parches de cuarzo y plagioclasa. El pico del metamorfismo en el Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss y en el Chiwaukum Schist probablemente ocurrió después de la intrusión del batolito "Mt. Stuart" (ca. 91-94 Ma.). Las temperaturas y las presiones del pico del metamorfismo en las regiones de "Wenatchee Ridge" y del "Pacific Crest" fueron 650-720 °C y 6-9 kbar con un aumento de presión de ? 2.0 kbar durante el metamorfismo. El modelamiento termodinámico indica que la fusión parcial acuosa comenzaría aproximadamente a 660 °C y que esta temperatura es relativamente independiente de la presión. Observaciones de campo y petrográficas, química mineral y estimaciones termobarométricas, y la química de roca total y modelos termodinámicos de equilibrios de fases (pseudosecciones) aplicados al Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss indican que por lo menos algunos de los cuerpos de leucosoma fueron derivados por fusión parcial local. El carácter claramente intrusivo y los contactos abruptos entre algunos cuerpos de tonalita y la roca caja apoyan un origen externo para estos fundidos de tonalita. Sin embargo, algunos de estos cuerpos pudieron haberse originado por fusión parcial del Chiwaukum Schist y haber viajado una distancia corta antes de la cristalización, o pueden haber sido modificados por deformación y así oscurecer la evidencia textural que indicaría derivación local. Los resultados mostrados aquí son compatibles con derivación de leucosomas en el Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss a partir de dos procesos no exclusivos: fusión parcial de la roca caja e intrusión de fundidos tonaliticos derivados externamente. Abstract in english The Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss of the Cascades Core is a migmatitic unit comprising concordant pelitic schist and gneiss, amphibolite, and tonalite gneiss, and cross cutting tonalite, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite. There are several generations of 'igneous' lithologies (leucosomes = tonali [...] te, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite) some of which are concordant; others clearly crosscut the strongly deformed host rocks. The host rocks are interpreted to be Chiwaukum Schist with metasedimentary (pelitic schist and some gneiss) and metavolcanic (amphibolites) origins. Metamorphic fabric in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss is characterized by preferred orientation

Carlos A., Zuluaga C.; Harold H., Stowell.

2008-12-01

376

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 10): Naval Air Station Whidbey Island - Ault Field, operable unit 5, areas 1, 52, and 31, Oak Harbor, WA, July 10, 1996  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The decision document presents the final remedial action for Operable Unit (OU) 5, one of four operable units at the Naval Air Station (NAS) Whidbey Island, Ault Field, Superfund site near Oak Harbor, Washington. The decision is based on the Administrative Record for OU 5.

NONE

1996-08-01

377

Hanford facility dangerous waste Part A, Form 3, and Part B permit application documentation for the Central Waste Complex (WA7890008967) (TSD: TS-2-4)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. The scope of the Unit-Specific Portion is limited to Part B permit application documentation submitted for individual, operating, treatment, storage, and/or disposal units, such as the Central Waste Complex (this document, DOE/RL-91-17). Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needed by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology alpha-numeric section identifiers from the permit application guidance documentation (Ecology 1996) follow, in brackets, the chapter headings and subheadings. A checklist indicating where information is contained in the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation, in relation to the Washington State Department of Ecology guidance, is located in the Contents section. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in the General Information Portion). Wherever appropriate, the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation makes cross-reference to the General Information Portion, rather than duplicating text. Information provided in this Central Waste Complex permit application documentation is current as of May 1998

378

Annual Report: 2010-2011 Storm Season Sampling For NON-DRY DOCK STORMWATER MONITORING FOR PUGET SOUND NAVAL SHIPYARD, BREMERTON, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This interim report summarizes the stormwater monitoring conducted for non-dry dock outfalls in both the confined industrial area and the residential areas of Naval Base Kitsap within the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (referred to as the Shipyard). This includes the collection, analyses, and descriptive statistics for stormwater sampling conducted from November 2010 through April 2011. Seven stormwater basins within the Shipyard were sampled during at least three storm events to characterize non-dry dock stormwater discharges at selected stormwater drains located within the facility. This serves as the Phase I component of the project and Phase II is planned for the 2011-2012 storm season. These data will assist the Navy, USEPA, Ecology and other stakeholders in understanding the nature and condition of stormwater discharges from the Shipyard and inform the permitting process for new outfall discharges. The data from Phase I was compiled with current stormwater data available from the Shipyard, Sinclair/Dyes Inlet watershed, and Puget Sound in order to support technical investigations for the Draft NPDES permit. The permit would require storm event sampling at selected stormwater drains located within the Shipyard. However, the data must be considered on multiple scales to truly understand potential impairments to beneficial uses within Sinclair and Dyes Inlets.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhardt, Christine; Hsu, Larry

2012-09-01

379

‘Al?qat ?arakat Nashr al-Isl?m wa al-Tarb?yah al-Isl?miyyah f? ?ultanah Aceh  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The emergence of such great 'ulama' in the Sultanate of Aceh, north of Sumatra, as Hamzah Fansuri (Hamzah al-Fansuri, Syamsuddin Sumatrani (Shams al-Din al-Sumatrani, Nuruddin Arraniri (Nur al-Din al-Raniri and Abdurrauf Singkel ('Abd al-Rauf al-Sinkili could lead one to pose an important questions. Why they emerged in the Sultanate of Aceh and not in other part of Nusantara. This study argues that that their emergence had closely to do with the fact that activity of Islamic learning was strongly supported by the Acehnese sultans.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v3i1.815

Eri Rosatria

2014-03-01

380

MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO STUDY MIGMATITES: ORIGIN AND TECTONIC HISTORY OF THE NASON RIDGE MIGMATITIC GNEISS, WENATCHEE BLOCK, CASCADES CRYSTALLINE CORE, WA, USA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss of the Cascades Core is a migmatitic unit comprising concordant pelitic schist and gneiss, amphibolite, and tonalite gneiss, and cross cutting tonalite, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite. There are several generations of 'igneous' lithologies (leucosomes = tonalite, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite some of which are concordant; others clearly crosscut the strongly deformed host rocks. The host rocks are interpreted to be Chiwaukum Schist with metasedimentary (pelitic schist and some gneiss and metavolcanic(amphibolites origins. Metamorphic fabric in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss is characterized by preferred orientation of platy minerals (continuous schistosity, compositional layering, mineral lineations (elongate grains and grain aggregates, and non-coaxial deformational features (asymmetric augen, grain offsets,rotated porphyroblasts, etc.. Compositional layering is characterized by quartz-plagioclase lenses and patches (mm to cm scale and by large variations in biotite content. This composite fabric is faulted and folded by mesoscopic structures. The most strongly foliated leucosomes (gneissic tonalites are generally concordant with the regional trend of foliation, while weakly foliated leucosomes (tonalites and pegmatite veins crosscut host rock and tonalite gneisses. Thin melanosome layers (biotiteand amphibole schist are developed locally around quartz - plagioclase lenses and patches. Metamorphism in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss and the nearby Chiwaukum Schist likely peaked after intrusion of the Mt. Stuart Batholith ca. 91-94 Ma. Peak temperatures and pressures for the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss in the Wenatchee Ridge and Pacific Crest areas were 650 - 720 °C and 6 - 9 kbar with a pressure increase of £ 2.0 kbar during metamorphism. Thermodynamic modeling indicates that hydrous partial melting would begin at ca. 660 °C and is relatively pressure independent. Field and petrographic observations, mineral chemistry and thermobarometry, and bulk rock chemistry and thermodynamic modeling of phase equilibria (pseudosections applied to the Nason Ridge 235Migmatitic Gneiss indicate that at least some of the leucosome bodies were derived by local partial melting. The clearly intrusive character and the sharp contacts between some tonalite leucosome bodies and host rock support an externally derived origin for these tonalite melts. However, some of these bodies may have originated from partial melting of the host Chiwaukum Schist and traveled a short distance before crystallization, or have been modified by deformation so as to obscure textural evidence for local derivation. Results are compatible with derivation of leucosome rocks in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss from two non-exclusive processes: partial melting of the host rock and intrusion of externally derived tonalite melts.

Stowell Harold H.

2008-12-01

381

Assessment of groundwater resources at the delta of wa di sudr, west central sinal, egypt, using conventional and non-conventional techniques  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fifteen wells at the delta of wadi sudre tapping quaternary and oligocene aquifers were used for this coordinated research project between the nuclear center at inshas and the international atomic energy agency (IAEA) at vienna. crop management on salt-affected soils (Such as acacia and atriplex) has been attempted at this area. The groundwater related to the quaternary aquifer shows salinities. that range between 3313 to 8997 ppm with Ph in the range of 7.2 to 7.7 Depths to water table were fluctuated between 5 and 16 m from ground surface with aquifer saturated thickness of 10 m. Salinization due to over drafting and consequently the deterioration of groundwater quality were detected. Groundwater vulnerability resulting from heavy pumping in summer times has confined crop management to that of tolerant and semi-tolerant ones such as cereals, fodder crops and acacia. Salt free or slightly salt-affected soils are encountered in the main stream stream of wadi sudr and its lower reaches

382

Hanford facility dangerous waste Part A, Form 3 and Part B permit application documentation, Central Waste Complex (WA7890008967)(TSD: TS-2-4)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. The scope of the Unit-Specific Portion is limited to Part B permit application documentation submitted for individual, operating, treatment, storage, and/or disposal units, such as the Central Waste Complex (this document, DOE/RL-91-17). Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needed by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology alpha-numeric section identifiers from the permit application guidance documentation (Ecology 1996) follow, in brackets, the chapter headings and subheadings. A checklist indicating where information is contained in the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation, in relation to the Washington State Department of Ecology guidance, is located in the Contents section. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in the General Information Portion). Wherever appropriate, the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation makes cross-reference to the General Information Portion, rather than duplicating text. Information provided in this Central Waste Complex permit application documentation is current as of May 1998.

Saueressig, D.G.

1998-05-20

383

Al-Ma’had al-Tur?th? wa Tajd?d al-Ni??m al-Ta’l?m? bi Ind?n?siy?  

OpenAIRE

This article explores some aspects of pesantren education with respect to the plan to consolidate the administration of both Islamic and secular education system. This is an important matter since there are certain basic weaknesses in the national educational system that call for attention, including problems of students' empowerment and the content of education. Since pesantren has a relatively good record in training and education, it can contribute its experience in the developme...

Fuad Fachruddin; Sirojuddin Abbas

2014-01-01

384

In situ biomonitoring of juvenile Chinook salmon (Onchorhynchus tshawytscha) using biomarkers of chemical exposures and effects in a partially remediated urbanized waterway of the Puget Sound, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In situ biomonitoring has been used to assess the effects of pollution on aquatic species in heavily polluted waterways. In the current study, we used in situ biomonitoring in conjunction with molecular biomarker analysis to determine the effects of pollutant exposure in salmon caged in the Duwamish waterway, a Pacific Northwest Superfund site that has been subject to remediation. The Duwamish waterway is an important migratory route for Pacific salmon and has received historic inputs of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Juvenile pre-smolt Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) caged for 8 days in the three contaminated sites in close proximity within the Duwamish were analyzed for steady state hepatic mRNA expression of 7 exposure biomarker genes encompassing several gene families and known to be responsive to pollutants, including cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) and CYP2K1, glutathione S-transferase ? class (GST-?), microsomal GST (mGST), glutamylcysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC), UDP-glucuronyltransferase family 1 (UDPGT), and type 2 deiodinase (type 2 DI, or D2). Quantitation of gene expression was accomplished by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in assays developed specifically for Chinook salmon genes. Gill PAH-DNA adducts were assessed as a chemical effects biomarker using 32P-postlabeling. The biomarkers in the field-caged fish were analyzed with respect to cagedfish were analyzed with respect to caged animals maintained at the hatchery receiving flow-through water. Chemical analysis of sediment samples from three field sampling sites revealed relatively high concentrations of total PAHs in one site (site B2, 6711 ng/g dry weight) and somewhat lower concentrations of PAHs in two adjacent sites (sites B3 and B4, 1482 and 1987 ng/g, respectively). In contrast, waterborne PAHs at all of the sampling sites were relatively low (<1 ng/L). Sediment PCBs at the sites ranged from a low of 421 ng/g at site B3 to 1160 ng/g at site B4, and there were no detectable waterborne PCBs at any of the sites (detection limit=10 ng/L). There were no significant differences (p<0.05) in biomarker gene expression in the Duwamish-caged fish relative to controls, although there was a pattern of gene expression suppression at site B3, the most heavily PAH-enriched site. The lack of a marked perturbation of mRNA biomarkers was consistent with relatively low levels of gill PAH-DNA adduct levels that did not differ among caged reference and field fish, and which were also consistent with relatively low waterborne concentrations of chemicals. The results of our study suggest a low bioavailability of sediment pollutants in caged juvenile Chinook potentially reflecting low waterborne exposures occurring at contaminated sites within the Duwamish waterway that have undergone partial remediation.

385

El Kitab Al-Yami Li-Mufradat al Adwiya Wa-L-Agdiya de Ibn Al-Baytar : letra "Ba" : edición, traducción y estudio  

OpenAIRE

Edición del texto árabe y traducción española de un fragmento de una obra medico-botánica, ordenada alfabéticamente, llevada a cabo por un autor malagueño del siglo XIII, de gran valor. El fragmento corresponde a la letra ba. El trabajo se complementa con índices y bibliografía, precedido, todo ello, por un estudio del autor y la obra objeto del trabajo. Destaca el aparato critico

Navarro Garci?a, Mari?a Angeles

1997-01-01

386

Physical and chemical mutagenesis of early mutant of indica restorers in ''WA'' (wild abortion) hybrid rice system and genetic analysis of mutants in heterosis utilization  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The four indica restorers in the wild abortion hybrid rice system were treated with physical and chemical mutagens, and the mutation frequency in the M2 generation and the correlation between the heading date of the mutants and other characters were investigated

387

Superfund record of decision amendment (EPA Region 10): Wyckoff/Eagle Harbor, West Harbor operable unit, Bainbridge Island, Kitsap County, WA, December 8, 1995  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This decision document changes a component of the selected remedial action for the West Harbor Operable Unit (West Harbor) of the Wyckoff/Eagle Harbor Superfund site (Site). The Record of Decision (ROD) for this operable unit, signed on September 29, 1992, (PB93-964618), required removal and appropriate upland disposal of `mercury hot spot` sediments, which contain concentrations of mercury greater than or equal to 5 mg/kg. This amendment to the ROD (ROD Amendment) will allow containment most of the mercury hot spot sediments in an on-site nearshore confined disposal facility (CDF) to be constructed on intertidal lands owned by the State of Washington Department of Transportation (WSDOT). In addition, the ROD required an investigation of potential continuing contaminant sources and the implementation of any source controls necessary to protect sediment quality and surface water quality.

NONE

1996-03-01

388

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 10): Wyckoff/Eagle Harbor Superfund Site, Groundwater Operable Unit, Bainbridge Island, WA, September 1994  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The decision document presents the interim remedial action for the Wyckoff Groundwater Operable Unit, one of four operable units at the Wyckoff/Eagle Harbor Superfund site, located at Bainbridge Island, Kitsap County, Washington. The remedy selected in this interim Record of Decision addresses the need to contain contaminated groundwater and non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPL) to the immediate area of the wood treatment operations of the former Wyckoff facility and not allow it to migrate into Eagle Harbor or into deeper drinking water aquifers.

1994-09-29

389

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 10): Wyckoff/Eagle Harbor Superfund Site, East Harbor Operable Unit, Bainbridge Island, WA, September 1994  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The decision document presents the final remedial action for the East Harbor operable unit (East Harbor) of the Wyckoff/Eagle Harbor Superfund site, Bainbridge Island, Kitsap County, Washington. This is the second Record of Decision to be completed for the site. Sediments in the East Harbor are contaminated with polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons and other hazardous substances. The principal threat is defined as sediments containing free-phase oily contamination. The selected remedy addresses the principal threat and other sediments contaminated at levels which cause significant adverse effects on marine organisms, by combining sediment capping in subtidal areas with monitoring in intertidal areas to confirm the predicted recovery of intertidal sediments through natural processes.

1994-09-29

390

Amokrân al Husnî 'Abd ul-Hâfiz, Mudhakkirât min masirat il-nidâl wa l-gihâd, Charikat Dâr al-umma, Alger, 1997, 198 p.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Les mémoires de 'Abd ul-Hâfiz Amokrân ne sont peut-être pas une tranche de grande littérature mais ils présentent un intérêt certain pour l'historien. Leur publication est pourtant passée beaucoup plus inaperçue que celle, fort médiatisée, des mémoires de Ali Kafi qui ont occasionné le remue-ménage que l'on sait. Or, en histoire, les premiers rôles ne sont pas forcément ce qu'il y a de plus intéressant. Amokrân, tout second rôle qu'il fut, livre au public un texte passionnant. L'auteur provie...

Gilbert Meynier

2005-01-01

391

Amokrân al Husnî 'Abd ul-Hâfiz, Mudhakkirât min masirat il-nidâl wa l-gihâd, Charikat Dâr al-umma, Alger, 1997, 198 p.  

OpenAIRE

Les mémoires de 'Abd ul-Hâfiz Amokrân ne sont peut-être pas une tranche de grande littérature mais ils présentent un intérêt certain pour l'historien. Leur publication est pourtant passée beaucoup plus inaperçue que celle, fort médiatisée, des mémoires de Ali Kafi qui ont occasionné le remue-ménage que l'on sait. Or, en histoire, les premiers rôles ne sont pas forcément ce qu'il y a de plus intéressant. Amokrân, tout second rôle qu'il fut, livre au public un texte passionn...

Gilbert Meynier

2005-01-01

392

77 FR 73732 - In the Matter of the Amendment of the Designation of al-Qa'ida in Iraq, aka Jam'at al Tawhid wa...  

Science.gov (United States)

...al-Rafidayn, aka The Organization of al-Jihad's Base of Operations in Iraq, aka al-Qaida of Jihad in Iraq, aka al-Qaida in Iraq, aka al-Qaida in Mesopotamia, aka al-Qaida in the Land of the Two Rivers, aka al-Qaida of the...

2012-12-11

393

77 FR 73732 - In the Matter of Amendment of the Designation of al-Qa'ida in Iraq, aka Jam'at al Tawhid wa'al...  

Science.gov (United States)

...al-Rafidayn, aka The Organization of al-Jihad's Base of Operations in Iraq, aka al-Qaida of Jihad in Iraq, aka al-Qaida in Iraq, aka al-Qaida in Mesopotamia, aka al-Qaida in the Land of the Two Rivers, aka al-Qaida of the...

2012-12-11

394

Al-Shaykh A?mad al-Rif?‘? wa Siy?q?yat al-Shar?‘ah al-Islam?yah: Dir?sah ‘alá Kitab Takhyirah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Kitab Takhyirah is a tarjumah book comprises of Kiai Ahmad Rifa'i Kalisalak's thoughts on Islam from its various aspects, such as 'aqidah, shari'ah, and akhlaq. The book consists about ideas that can be considered provocative in the context of Islamic thinking in the nineteenth century especially in Java and generally in Nusantara. Through Takhyirah, Kiai Ahmad Rifa'i has disseminated his notions on the unification of the various doctrinal aspects of Islam. He is different from the general ulama who tend to separate one aspect of Islam with other aspects. For example, Kiai Ahmad Rifa'i argued that Islamic syariah includes usul (akidah aspect, fiqh (Islamic law aspect, and tasawuf (akhlak and spiritual aspect.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v19i1.372 

M. Adib Misbachul Islam

2012-04-01

395

Tun Sri Lanang f? Mas?r al-T?r?kh wa ‘Al?qatuhu bi Intish?r al-Isl?m f? Aceh  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses the role of Tun Sri Lanang in designing the socio-political and religious life and in introducing both the structural and cultural changes in the Aceh Darussalam Kingdom. This article focuses on the period of Sultan Iskandar Muda until Ratu Safiatuddin. In addition to his popularity as adviser of Sultan Iskandar Muda, Tun Sri Lanang was also well-known as a pioneer in spreading Islam in east Aceh especially in Samalanga. Although he had no strong knowledge on Islam, Tun Sri Lanang had a strong interest in the existence of Islam in Aceh. The fact that Aceh in his time was noted as a centre of Islamic civilization in Southeast Asia could not be separated from the role of hulubalang and other kingdom officials who had strong interests in disseminating Islam and developing knowledge.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v19i1.371 

M. Dien Madjid

2012-04-01

396

Al-Isl?m al-Mu’tadil wa Thaq?fat Bangka Belitung: Al-Man??rat al-Antr?b?l?j?yah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article explains moderate Islam in Bangka-Belitung culture from anthropological perspective. This article defines moderate Islam as in line with moderateness, compromises with a spirit to reject all forms of violence. Moderate Islam is the true character of Islam, because moderate Islam believes that Islam brings peace. Due to the limited studies in the form of anthropology, politics, economics, and history on Bangka-Belitung community, this article relies on limited sources. Thus, this article is based on personal observation and experience as an insider. Although it cannot escape from many shortcomings, insider observation has become one of the strategies to enrich this study and to understand the nuances of the holistic nature of this study.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v17i3.458

Zulkifli Zulkifli

2010-12-01

397

Molao wa thireletso ya leago ka mo go ditshaba tšeo di hlabologago ta borwa bja Afrika / Code on social security in the Southern African development community  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: Zz Abstract in english The Code on Social Security in the Southern African Development Community (Code) was approved by the Integrated Committee of Ministers in June 2007 in Windhoek Namibia. This contribution critically examines how the Code attempts to develop sound social security systems in the Southern African Develo [...] pment Community (SADC) region. It pays special attention to the approach adopted by the Code in its quest to address pertinent issues such as the right to social security, social protection framework, and social risks as well as vulnerable groups and categories of persons protected. It concludes by observing that the ratification record of SADC member states of the officially current conventions in the field of social security is unsatisfactory. Accordingly, member states must be encouraged to ratify these important instruments. Secondly, preventative and (re)integrative measurers are a part and parcel of a social security system. Thus, the call by the Code for the introduction of these measures is to be welcomed. Furthermore, social security coordination is an integral part of regional integration and the free movement of labour and persons. To this end, the provisions in the Code aimed at these matters are timely. Finally, the Code is not legally binding. Nonetheless, its adoption is commendable for it is a right step towards the improvement of social security systems in the SADC region which are largely undeveloped and, in some instances, underdeveloped.

Letlhokwa George, Mpedi.

398

In Search of an Islamic Leader: Malay Perceptions of Ibn Sa’?d Triumph and the Domination of the Wa???b?s in Saudi Arabia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since becoming Muslim, the Malays have highly revered Hijaz and its 'ulama', and have seen them as a source of religious and political authority when the need for an authoritative decision arises. Even though historically Hijaz was exceptionally meaningful to the Malays, even for elucidating political questions, in Malaya there was no indication that the people were concerned with doctrinal or political developments with regard to the rise of Ibn Sa'ud's family and the early domination of the Wahhabis in the region, until the outbreak of the rivalry between Sharif Husayn and 'Abd al-Aziz Ibn Sa'ud after Worid War I.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v11i2.602

Mohammad Redzuan Othman

2004-08-01

399

Annual Report: 2011-2012 Storm Season Sampling, Non-Dry Dock Stormwater Monitoring for Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Annual PSNS non-dry dock storm water monitoring results for 2011-2012 storm season. Included are a brief description of the sampling procedures, storm event information, laboratory methods and data collection, a results and discussion section, and the conclusions and recommendations.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Rupert, Brian; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhart, Christine

2013-07-03

400

In Search of an Islamic Leader: Malay Perceptions of Ibn Sa’?d Triumph and the Domination of the Wa???b?s in Saudi Arabia  

OpenAIRE

Since becoming Muslim, the Malays have highly revered Hijaz and its 'ulama', and have seen them as a source of religious and political authority when the need for an authoritative decision arises. Even though historically Hijaz was exceptionally meaningful to the Malays, even for elucidating political questions, in Malaya there was no indication that the people were concerned with doctrinal or political developments with regard to the rise of Ibn Sa'ud's family and the earl...

Mohammad Redzuan Othman

2004-01-01

401

Bayn al-Dawlah wa al-D?n: Ma’s?h al-Jam?’?t al-Muta?arifah f? Lampung  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the Indonesian context, the discourse regarding the relationship between religion and state is always coloured by the struggle between groups that wants to implement Shari'ah (Islamic Law as the state ideology on the one hand, and nationalist groups that resist it on the other.The appearance from time to time of Islamic groups in Indonesia that want to implement Shari'ah as the state ideology is understandable given that the majority of the community are Muslims. The deliberation on the form and instituation around Shari'ah in Indonesia is generally set in the context of the choosing the best system of governance.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v8i3.683

Abdul Syukur

2014-03-01

402

Al-Rad?k?l?yah al-Isl?m?yah: Afk?ruh? wa ?arak?tuh? f? Ind?n?s?y? al-Ma’??ir  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article endeavors to explain the notion of radicalism in the context of Islamic movements in Indonesia. Of late, radicalism has become a subject of debate among religious groups, especially radical religious movements such as the FPI (Front Pembela Islam, Islamic Defenders' Front and the Laskar Jihad (Holy War Fighters. One of the issues debated is whether the term 'radical' is appropriate and indeed reflects their characteristics. Or, what is the right term to use for these groups. An Islamic movement, as one variant of social movements, is a collective first by an Islamic group to use Islamic teaching's norms and values as the foundation of economic, social, cultural and political life. In this context, Islam is not merely understood as a doctrine that regulates relations between man and God, but also as the basis of political life and as the foundation of the state.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v16i1.492

Tasman .

2009-04-01

403

Maqrîzî, Taqî al-dîn A?mad b. ‘Alî b. ‘Abd al-Qâdir, Al-mawâ‘iz wa l-i‘tibâr fî dhikr al-khi?a? wa l-athâr, édité et présenté par Ayman Fu’ad Sayyid, Londres, al-Furqân islamic Heritage Foundation, 2002-2004, 4 volumes + 1 volume d’index, cartes, photos.  

OpenAIRE

Ayman Fu’ad Sayyid vient d’établir une magistrale réédition des Khi?a? de Maqrîzî. Ce texte de l’historien polygraphe du xve siècle, présentant une topographie historique de Fustât et Qâhira, bien que très utilisé par les chercheurs, n’était jusqu’à présent lisible que dans l’édition de Bûlâq de 1270/1853, et dans celle établie par Gaston Wiet entre 1911 et 1927. La première était fautive en maints endroits. Quant à la seconde, plus fiable, elle n’avait ...

Sylvie Denoix

2011-01-01

404

75 FR 43537 - Mortgagee Review Board: Administrative Actions  

Science.gov (United States)

...4G Funding Inc., Port Jefferson Stat, NY...Bank of Clark County, Vancouver, WA. 122. Bankcredit...First Independent Bank, Vancouver, WA. 337. First Jersey...of Southwest Florida, Port Charlotte, FL. 419...Northern Mortgage Inc., Vancouver, WA,...

2010-07-26

405

Cross-View of Testing Techniques Toward Improving Web-Based Application Testing  

OpenAIRE

Web Applications (WA's) failures may lead to collapse of the institutions, therefore the importance of good quality WA's is increasing over the time. Testing is one of the best quality metrics that decide whether WA's are reliable or not. WA's testing approaches suffer from the lack of proper coverage of WA's functional requirements testing. On the other hand some approaches produce test cases that already cover WA's testing but they also produce a great number of irrelevant...

Mostafa Kandil; Ehab Hassanein; Sherif Mazen

2012-01-01

406

Wildlife Mitigation and Restoration for Grand Coulee Dam: Blue Creek Project, Phase 1.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report is a recommendation from the Spokane Tribe to the Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC) for partial mitigation for the extensive wildlife and wildlife habitat losses on the Spokane Indian Reservation caused by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam. NPPC`s interim wildlife goal over the next 7 years for the Columbia hydropower system, is to protect, mitigate and enhance approximately 35% basin wide of the lost habitat units. Grand Coulee Dam had the greatest habitat losses of any Dams of the Wildlife Rule.

Merker, Christopher

1993-04-01

407

40 CFR Appendix B to Part 300 - National Priorities List  

Science.gov (United States)

...USDOE)Benton CountyWA Hanford 300-Area (USDOE)Benton CountyWA Jackson Park Housing Complex (USNAVY)Kitsap CountyWA Naval Air Station, Whidbey Island (Ault)Whidbey IslandWA Naval Undersea Warfare Station (4...

2010-07-01

408

Diplomas and Diapers: Schooling for Young Street Mothers and Their Babies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the Crosswalk program in Spokane, Washington, which provides teenage street mothers with housing, day care, and the opportunity to attend school. Discusses the development of the program, and describes the cases of several typical teenage mothers in the program. (MDM)

Ray, JoAnn; Roloff, Marilee

1994-01-01

409

The Relationship of Coping Resources to Occupational Stress and Strain.  

Science.gov (United States)

Conducted a field study using the Osipow and Spokane (1983) scales to test the relationship of coping resources as moderators to stress-strain relationships. Found role overload to be the most significant source of strain but that coping resources contributed to moderating this and other stress-strain relationships. (Author/KS)

Osipow, Samuel H.; Davis, Anne S.

1988-01-01

410

REGION 10 (EXCEPT ALASKA) GROUNDWATER ACTIVITIES MAP  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a map of Washington, Oregon and Idaho, with inset blow ups of the Puget Sound area, Portland, and Spokane. The map shows RCRA treatment, storage, disposal, and incineration sites, CERCLA sites, TRI sites, NPDES majors, and Sole Source Aquifers Streams and county boundarie...

411

Blue Creek Winter Range: Wildlife Mitigation Project. Final environmental assessment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) proposes to fund that portion of the Washington Wildlife Agreement pertaining to the Blue Creek Winter Range Wildlife Mitigation Project (Project) in a cooperative effort with the Spokane Tribe, Upper Columbia United Tribes, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). If fully implemented, the proposed action would allow the sponsors to protect and enhance 2,631 habitat units of big game winter range and riparian shrub habitat on 2,185 hectares (5,400 acres) of Spokane Tribal trust lands, and to conduct long term wildlife management activities within the Spokane Indian Reservation project area. This Final Environmental Assessment (EA) examines the potential environmental effects of securing land and conducting wildlife habitat enhancement and long term management activities within the boundaries of the Spokane Indian Reservation. Four proposed activities (habitat protection, habitat enhancement, operation and maintenance, and monitoring and evaluation) are analyzed. The proposed action is intended to meet the need for mitigation of wildlife and wildlife habitat adversely affected by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam and its reservoir

412

76 FR 82040 - Canexus Chemicals Canada L.P. v. BNSF Railway Company  

Science.gov (United States)

...Company (BNSF) to establish common carrier rates and service terms between North...BNSF is hauling Canexus shipments of chlorine from North Vancouver and Marshall to...that, in the future, it will carry the chlorine only as far as Spokane, Wash....

2011-12-29

413

76 FR 43653 - Notice of Petitions by Firms for Determination of Eligibility To Apply for Trade Adjustment...  

Science.gov (United States)

...computer enclosure Road, Building 14, PO parts using mainly cold-rolled steel, Box 15288, Spokane stainless steel and aluminum...Corporation..... 8255 Highway 16, 07/13/2011 The firm is a welding and fabrication Beggs, OK 74421-2892. company...

2011-07-21

414

Blue Creek Winter Range : Wildlife Mitigation Project : Final Environmental Assessment.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) proposes to fund that portion of the Washington Wildlife Agreement pertaining to the Blue Creek Winter Range Wildlife Mitigation Project (Project) in a cooperative effort with the Spokane Tribe, Upper Columbia United Tribes, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). If fully implemented, the proposed action would allow the sponsors to protect and enhance 2,631 habitat units of big game winter range and riparian shrub habitat on 2,185 hectares (5,400 acres) of Spokane Tribal trust lands, and to conduct long term wildlife management activities within the Spokane Indian Reservation project area. This Final Environmental Assessment (EA) examines the potential environmental effects of securing land and conducting wildlife habitat enhancement and long term management activities within the boundaries of the Spokane Indian Reservation. Four proposed activities (habitat protection, habitat enhancement, operation and maintenance, and monitoring and evaluation) are analyzed. The proposed action is intended to meet the need for mitigation of wildlife and wildlife habitat adversely affected by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam and its reservoir.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration; United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs; Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation, Washington

1994-11-01

415

Campus Kids Mentoring Program: Fifteen Years of Success  

Science.gov (United States)

This article features Campus Kids, a mentoring program located at Gonzaga University in Spokane, Washington. Gonzaga is a Jesuit University with a strong commitment to social justice and humanistic education. Campus Kids began, in the true sense of a community partnership, as an attempt to connect community resources (potential university…

Shepard, Jerri

2009-01-01

416

Genetic information is the best of all medicines in coming century. DNA medicines of coming age; Idon joho wa 21 seiki no hyakuyaku no cho. DNA no iyaku toshiteni riyo  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It was clarified that the genetic information of all the life on earth has the same mechanism. Then, genetic information gives the basis for all vital phenomena, and the cell is filled with the flow of the peculiar genetic information from a gene to protein. The disease is a part of turbulence in this flow, and the medicine plays roles to affect this flow and restore the turbulence. The history of the development of the medicine has been moved to the direction in search of the material to directly affect the function of the gene which is a source of this flow. This ultimately is the gene therapy in which this genetic information itself is made to be the medicine. It is expected to dramatically reform the process of the medicine development and have merits on the medical economy besides it has the possibility of curing many intractable diseases. The genetic information gives a large added value in the genome project. In this paper, the mechanism of the medicine development and the possibility of gene therapy using genetic information are described. (NEDO)

Hasegawa, M.

2000-01-01

417

Trucks consuming fuels twice as much as those by railway. ; Modal shift and energy efficiency. Truck wa tetsudo no nibai no nenryo wo shohi. ; Modal shift to energy koritsu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Modal shift refers to an energy saving policy to shift transportation from a transportation means with poor energy efficiency to that with better efficiency from an energy consumption viewpoint. This paper compares and discusses energy efficiencies in truck transportation and railway transportation from the energy saving standpoint. The comparison and discussion were made on the following main points: Reasonability of using national mean value of the energy efficiency in railway transportation as a parameter for considering the modal shift effects; energy saving effects of the modal shift including transportation terminal portions (for example, communicating transportation between a railway station and a final destination); and possibilities of energy consumption increase as a result of increased transportation distance associated with the modal shift. In a transportation between two bases not including the terminal portions that is subjected to the modal shift, the travel energy consumption per t[center dot]km (transportation weight [times] distance) as a parameter for the energy efficiency is 1.7 to 2.6 for truck against 1 for railway. 5 figs., 1 tab.

1993-05-05

418

Disinfection By-Products and Human Health. Edited by Steve E. Hrudey and Jeffrey W.A. Charrois, IWA Publishing, 2012; 304 pages. Price: US$ 178.20/£ 99.00 ISBN 978–1–843–39519–5  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The following paragraphs are reproduced from the website of the publisher [1].Disinfection By-Products and Human Health is based on contributions from speakers who participated in May 2011 workshops on Disinfection By-Products (DBPs and Human Health at Ozwater 11 in Adelaide, Australia or at an AWA sponsored workshop at the Curtin Water Quality Research Centre, Perth, Australia.The contributions are prepared to facilitate communication with practitioners, rather than researchers, making use of overview illustrations rather than dense text or data tables. Each chapter concludes with up to 5 key findings that are take-home messages for practitioners. [...

Shu-Kun Lin

2012-05-01

419

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 10): Port Hadlock Detachment Sites 10, 11, 12, 15, 18, 19, 20, 21, and 22, Jefferson County, Hadlock, WA, August 4, 1995. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This decision document presents the selected remedial action for Sites 10 and 21 and no further actions for Sites 11, 12, 15, 18, 19, 20, and 22 at Port Hadlock Detachment. The selected remedial actions at Site 10 at Port Hadlock Detachment address the potential chemical exposures and associated risks to human health and the environment by providing for capping, erosion protection, institutional controls, and monitoring of groundwater, marine sediment, and shellfish. This action will reduce the mobility of contamination and will limit human and biota exposure. The selected remedial action at Site 21 of groundwater monitoring is to determine whether the chemicals found during the RI are actually present in the groundwater or were merely artifact of the sampling methods used.

NONE

1996-02-01

420

?ik?yat al-Sha‘b?yah al-Minangkab?w?yah Bundo Kanduang bayn al-Us??rah wa-al-Khur?fah: al-Man?urah al-D?n?yah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses Bundo Kanduang folklore from a religious perspective. Folklore is a literary work that describes the life story of a figure or tells about the origin of a region which is intended to provide guidance for community. In some cases, it also becomes a medium to disseminate religious teachings or moral tenets. Despite these primary goals, folklore also aims to entertain the community through stories. This article ultimately attempts to understand the community's belief to Bundo Kanduang folklore from the Islamic orthodoxy point of view. Conservative Muslims tend to consider people's excessive belief to one figure or to treat him/her as a cult is a heresy (bid'ah which contradicts Islamic teaching.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v18i1.443

Zuriyati Zuriyati

2011-04-01

421

Al-Amr bi al-Ma’r?f wa al-Nahy ‘an al-Munk?r: Dir?sah fi Ar?’i al-‘?lim HAMKA f? Tafs?r al-Azhar  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Among Muslims the term amar makruf nahi mungkar (promoting good and preventing vice is frequently used as a kind of motto for lslamic dakwah. This term has been studied by a good number of Islamic scholars-both classical and contemporary including Ibn Taymiyah in his work amar makruf nahi mungkar. The Mu'tazilites interpreted it to fall within the category of al-Ushul al-Khamsah, (the five principles of belief. In fact, for the Mu'tazilites the doctrine of amar makruf nahi mungkar is held to be a part of faith, to the point that amar makruf nahi mungkar must be enforced when necessary. Because of this, theological groups in the past have resorted to acts of violence in carrying out their duty of amar makruf nahi mungkar, even though this is done only as a last resort when there are no other means.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v14i2.550

Murodi Murodi

2007-08-01

422

Al-Dir?sah f? Ta’addud?yah al-Mujtama’ al-Banj?r? wa al-Ta’l?m al-??f?yah li al-Shaykh Mu?ammad Nafis al-Banj?r?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The book begins by looking at the development of democracy in Islamic countries in both the Arab and non-Arab world. One global trend that has become evident following the Cold War, as Azra points out, has been the gradual increase in the numbers of countries that have adopted democracy. This phenomenon is not exclusive to Muslim countries. In this study, Azra cites the report, Freedom in the World 2000: The Democracy Cap, which explains the growth of democracy in lslamic countries in the Arab world where the impact has been quite clear.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v13i1.578

Artani Hasbi

2006-04-01

423

?arak?t Al-?aw?‘if al-B??in?yah al-Ind?n?s?yah qabla Indiw?’iha that Ri‘?yati al-Tarb?yah wa al-Thaq?fah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is inevitable that the presence of Islam in the archipelago little more spark religious conflict in the region . Local people have been accustomed to living in a Hindu - Buddhist teachings systems for centuries . The influence of these religions not only revolves around the ritual affairs , but has its roots in various aspects of life . The establishment then faltered when Islam comes to offer a different concept of life . Through the history of data it can be seen how the Majapahit kingdom must bow to the Demak kingdom held by Muslims . Of course not all conflicts arise in the form of political infighting . Conflict between Hindu - Buddhist and Islam can also appear in literary expression . In those days , such as the writings appear Gatoloco Fiber or Fiber Darmogandul , which clearly indicates the existence of tensions or religious conflicts . The word " God " for example , in the Java language spoofed " olo " which means ugly . "The Messenger " ( messenger of Allah was changed to " guilt " ; and Muhammad equated with Javanese term meaning " tomb " which means grave .Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v2i2.838

M. Ghufron Zainul Alim

2014-03-01

424

?arak?t Al-?aw?‘if al-B??in?yah al-Ind?n?s?yah qabla Indiw?’iha that Ri‘?yati al-Tarb?yah wa al-Thaq?fah  

OpenAIRE

It is inevitable that the presence of Islam in the archipelago little more spark religious conflict in the region . Local people have been accustomed to living in a Hindu - Buddhist teachings systems for centu...

Ghufron Zainul Alim, M.

2014-01-01

425

Al-Isl?m wa al-Thaq?fah al-Mahl?yah: Dir?sah f? Mujtama’ “Embau” f? Kapuas Hulu K?limant?n al-Gharb?yah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The research for this piece was carried out in Embau - one of the sub districts of the region of Kapuas Hulu. Socio - demo graphically, this region is inhabited by n community of Muslims that that continues to grow in numbers. Further to the Muslims, the area is inhabited by considerable numbers of non-Muslim Dayaks and other migrants to the area. What is interesting to note is the process of Islamization of the Dayak community, which has occurred naturally as a result of its intersection with the Muslim community. It was the Malays, who appeared in the area hundreds of years ago, who brought Islam to the area. The introduction of Islam to the area has brought with it a number of changes to the Dayak community in West Kalimantan. Not only did many Dayaks adopt Islam as their religion, they further adopted the culture typical of other Muslims.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v15i1.539

Hermansyah .

2008-04-01

426

Al-Nu??? al-Qad?mah wa al-Ba?th al-T?rikh? al-Ijtim?’? f? al-Fikri al-Isl?m? bi Ind?n?s?y?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article aims to highlight the importance of these manuscripts, which have a religious flavor, in relation to writings on the socio-intellectual history of Islam in Indonesia. According to this writer, these manuscripts contain much information and important knowledge, all of which may be beneficial to the reconstruction of several trains of Islamic intellectual thought, particularly Sufi thought, which of course heavily influenced the nature of early Islam in Indonesia. Unfortunately, to date, studies related to this history of Islam in Indonesia have often neglected to use these manuscripts as a primary source. Further, in the context of local Islam, the manuscripts are an important source, and ought to be used as a reference.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v9i2.669

Uka Tjandrasasmita

2014-03-01

427

Programmatic agreement among the USDOE/RL Operations Office, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, and the WA State Historic Preservation Office for the maintenance, deactivation, alteration and demolition of the built environment on the Hanford Site, Washington  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This Programmatic Agreement (PA) addresses the built environment (i.e., buildings and structures) constructed during the Manhattan Project and Cold War Era periods of Hanford's operational history. As such it encompasses the years 1943 through 1990. The identification, evaluation, and treatment of buildings and historic archeological remains on the Hanford Site predating 1943 will be accomplished through Sections 800.4 through 800.6 of the Council's regulations. This PA will be in effect from the date of signature until September 30, 2000. Completion of the Sitewide Treatment Plan established under this PA satisfies all Section 106 requirements for identification, evaluation, and treatment necessary for all undertakings, up to and including demolition which may affect Manhattan Project and Cold War Era properties. This PA may be extended if the Sitewide Treatment Plan has not been completed by the end of FY 2000. Identification, evaluation, and treatment of properties constructed on the Hanford Site after 1990 will be handled pursuant to the regulations in effect at the time such properties are eligible for review

428

Jadwal A‘m?l al-A?z?b al-Isl?m?yah f? Indonesia al-Mu‘??irah: Bayn al-Shar?‘ah wa al-D?m?qrat?yah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses the responses of the proponents of political Islam toward the downfall of New Order regime and in creating political power at grassroots level. This trend has been marked by the demand to include those ‘seven words’ of the Jakarta Chapter of 1945 into the constitution. This aspiration has been represented by three major Islamic parties: United Development Party (PPP; the Crescent Star Party (PBB; and the Justice Party (PK. However, this political Islam aspiration has also been expressed by Muslim–based parties, namely the Nation’s Awakening Party (PKB and the National Mandate Party (PAN. These two parties represent Indonesia’s largest Muslim organisations, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU and Muhammadiyah respectively. PKB and PAN do not have agendas to implement Islamic shar?‘ah. The two parties consider that, theoretically, a relation between Islam and politics exists but not in the formal sense of a governmental system.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.351 

Tasman Tasman

2013-04-01

429

?arakah al-?ull?b wa al-Siy?sah: Dir?sat fi Mawqif al-?ull?b al-Muslim?n al-Ind?n?siy?n min al-Siy?sah bi Ind?n?s?y?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since the very beginning of Indonesian nationalism, students have been instrumental in Indonesian politics. The proto-nationalist student organization, Budi Utomo, established in 1908, was one of the central proponents of the nationalist movement at the turn of the century. Students also played a critical role in the political developments since 1965, when Orde Lama (Old Order ended and the Orde Baru (New Order began. The present article focuses on those students who were involved in the Muslim youth organization PII (Pelajar Islam Indonesia, Indonesian Muslim Students' Association, particularly on its dynamic political attitudes during the Old Order and New Order.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v8i1.697

Muhammad Wildan

2014-03-01

430

Al-Ma‘had al-Tur?th? wa al-Ta’h?l al- Mihan?:Tajribah N?r al-Jad?d al-Tawaqu‘i al-Mustaqbal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper will discuss the characteristics of pesantren education in relation to vocational education, background and objectives by taking the case of boarding Nurul Jadid, Karanganyar, Paiton, Probolinggo, East Java.Unlike what Abdurrahman Wahid once argues, since the 1970's, the pesantren, traditional Islamic boarding schools, have not been construed as unique and closed institution, but have become cultural institution actively responding to social changes. Recently pesantren have had no choice but to open their doors to the Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v5i2.755

Murodi Murodi

2014-03-01

431

Bayn ma‘had Tebuireng wa Madrasat Manba‘ al-‘Ul?m: Dir?sah t?r?kh?yah ‘an nash’at mafh?m “Al-Madrasah f? al-Ma‘had”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses the history of modernization in Indonesian Islamic education, and how its traditional education system is open to modernizing forces. By examining Pesantren Tebuireng and Pesantren Mambaul Ulum, Java’s two old Islamic boarding schools  this study explains how the two pesantrens had become the subject of modernization to introduce “madrasah” system. The existing literature in the field suggests that there are two different opinions as to who was the first institution to develop the madrasah model—Pesantren Tebuireng or Pesantren Mambaul Ulum? This study reveals that, historically, Pesantren Tebuireng was the first pesantren that implemented the madrasah model; Pesantren Mambaul Ulum was not, given the fact that the latter is, institutionally, not a boarding school. There are two reasons why Mambaul Ulum is not considered as an Islamic boarding school. Firstly, the main founder of Mambaul Ulum was a King; therefore, intellectually, he did nothave a tradition with the Islamic boarding school system. Secondly, Mambaul Ulum was established with different motives, compared to other Islamic boarding schools established in Java at the time.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v21i1.882

Toto Suharto

2014-07-01

432

Ma?m?d Y?nus wa Ittij?h?tuhu f? Tahd?d Ta‘l?m al-lughah al-‘Arab?yah bi Ind?n?s?y?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mahmud Yunus is one of the Indonesian students who was in Cairo in the thirties and is seen to have made a great contribution to the development of national Islamic education since the time of Indonesian independence. Having finished his studies at al-Azhar University 1927, Yunus studies at Darul Ulum to widden his intellectual horizon untul he obtained his certificate in 1930. As a graduate of one of the most important centers of Islamic learning, he had a lofty status in the Muslim community. Yunus served as a teacher in an Islamic teacher training school (Normal Islam, in padang, West Sumatra and later he was appointeed as a goverment official, seeking to establish and improve Islamic school in Indonesia. He was also a rector and professor of Islamic education at the State Institute of Islamic Studies in Padang.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v2i3.831

Didin Syafruddin

2014-03-01

433

Al-Jinr?l S?dirm?n wa Ar?’uhu f? al-Dif?’ ‘an al-Dawlah al-Jumh?r?yah al-Ind?n?s?yah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article provides biography of the great General Soedirman (born 24 January 1916, one of the key figures in the fight for Indonesia's independence. one of the more interesting aspects of this article is how it looks at Soedirman's youth and education in Muhammadiyah circles. It was Muhammadiyah - or Hizbul Wathan, a scouting organization underneath the umbrella of Muhammadiyah, to be precise - that provided the young Soedirman with critical experience and lessons that were aimed at giving Muhammadiyah youth physical and mental training. Furthermore, particularly in the period of the fight for Independence, this training prepared them for becoming deeply involved in the fight for Indonesia's independence.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v14i1.563

Faruq Nasution

2007-04-01

434

Molecular cloning and genetic analysis of the suppressor-of-white-apricot locus from Drosophila melanogaster.  

OpenAIRE

We report genetic and molecular analysis of the suppressor-of-white-apricot [su(wa)] locus, one of several retrotransposon insertion allele-specific suppressor loci in Drosophila melanogaster. First, we isolated and characterized eight new mutations allelic to the original su(wa)1 mutation. These studies demonstrated that su(wa) mutations allelic to su(wa)1 affected a conventional D. melanogaster complementation group. Second, we cloned the chromosomal region containing the su(wa) complementa...

Zachar, Z.; Garza, D.; Chou, T. B.; Goland, J.; Bingham, P. M.

1987-01-01

435

X-ray- and TEM-induced mitotic recombination in Drosophila melanogaster: unequal and sister-strand recombination.  

Science.gov (United States)

Twin mosaic spots of dark-apricot and light-apricot ommatidia were found in the eyes of wa/wa females, of wa males, of females homozygous for In(1)sc4, wa and of attached-X females homozygous for wa. The flies were raised from larvae which had been treated with 1630 R of X-rays at the age of 48-52 hours. An additional group of wa/wa females and wa males came from larvae that had been fed with triethylene melamine (TEM) at the age of 22-24 hours. The twin spots apparently were the result of induced unequal mitotic recombination, i.e. from unequal sister-strand recombination in the males and from unequal sister-strand recombination as well as, possibly, unequal recombination between homologous strands in the females. That is, a duplication resulted in waDp wa/wa dark-apricot ommatidia and the corresponding deficiency in an adjacent area of wa/Df wa light-apricot ommatidia. In an additional experiment sister-strand mitotic recombination in the ring-X chromosome of ring-X/rod-X females heterozygous for w and wco is believed to be the cause for X-ray induced single mosaic spots that show the phenotype of the rod-X marker. PMID:810661

Becker, H J

1975-01-01

436

8 CFR 100.4 - Field offices.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Port Everglades, FL, Seaport Fort Pierce, FL *Jacksonville...FL *Tampa, FL (includes Fort Myers) West Palm Beach, FL...facilities at Raymond and South Bend, WA) Anacortes, WA Bellingham...Bridge, TX) Fabens, TX Fort Hancock, TX Presidio,...

2010-01-01

437

40 CFR Appendix B to Part 300 - National Priorities List  

Science.gov (United States)

...Fe Springs CAWatkins-Johnson Co. (Stewart Division)...Sanitation Service LandfillsKent County CDEDelaware City...Wellpinit.WA Midway LandfillKentWA Moses Lake Wellfield...Seattle Municipal Landfill (Kent Hghlnds)...

2010-07-01

438

77 FR 49784 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions  

Science.gov (United States)

...Custodial Service, Customs and Border Protection, Port Angeles Station, 110 South Penn St., Port Angeles, WA NPA: Morningside, Olympia, WA Contracting Activity: Dept. of Homeland Security, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Procurement...

2012-08-17

439

75 FR 14462 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Central Washington University, Department of Anthropology...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Washington University, Department of Anthropology, Ellensburg, WA, and Thomas Burke...Washington University, Department of Anthropology, Ellensburg, WA, and the Thomas...NAGPRA Program Director, Department of Anthropology, Central Washington University,...

2010-03-25

440

77 FR 61655 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus  

Science.gov (United States)

...MS), Mark A. Hadrava (MN), Mason L. Hall (SD), Chad E. Hasler (MT), Norman A. Latondresse (RI), Robert C. Lister (OH), Roy E. Macomber (WA), Timothy J. Peterson (NE), Jim R. Phillippi (NE), Daryl E. Rohn, Jr. (WA),...

2012-10-10

441

75 FR 21022 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Housing Choice Voucher Family Self-Sufficiency...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Development Agency. Exchange Plaza, Port Jervis, NY 12771. City of...of 2500 Main Street, 63,585 Vancouver. Vancouver, WA 98660. Housing Authority...93,238 of Clallam. Street, Port Angeles, WA 98362. Housing...

2010-04-22

442

78 FR 7665 - Safety Zones; Pacific Northwest Grain Handlers Association Facilities; Columbia and Willamette...  

Science.gov (United States)

...by the Captain of the Port. Federal Law Enforcement...Grain Corporation in Vancouver, WA, Temco Irving in...Corporation facility at the Port of Vancouver, WA. (3) Temco Portland...River Captain of the Port Zone enclosed by...

2013-02-04

443

76 FR 14968 - Environmental Impacts Statements; Notice of Availability  

Science.gov (United States)

...EIS, USN, WA, Trident Support Facilities Explosives Handling Wharf (EHW-2), Construction and Operating, Naval Base Kitsap Banorg, Silverdale, WA, Comment Period Ends: 05/02/2011, Contact: Christine Stevenson 360-396-0080. EIS...

2011-03-18

444

76 FR 24868 - Extension of Public Comment Period for the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Trident...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Explosives Handling Wharf (EHW-2), Naval Base Kitsap Bangor, Silverdale, Kitsap County, WA AGENCY: Department of the Navy, DoD...Explosives Handling Wharf (EHW-2) at Naval Base Kitsap Bangor, Silverdale, WA. The public review...

2011-05-03

445

Department of Commerce Semiannual Regulatory Agenda  

Science.gov (United States)

...Administration, Building 1, 7600 Sand Point Way NE., Seattle, WA...criteria; procedures to allow trap transfers among qualifiers and...Atmospheric Administration, 7600 Sand Point Way NE., Seattle, WA...Atmospheric Administration, 7600 Sand Point Way NE., Seattle,...

2010-12-20

446

75 FR 21749 - Federal Register, Volume 75 Issue 79 (Monday, April 26, 2010)  

Science.gov (United States)

...Administration, Building 1, 7600 Sand Point Way NE., Seattle, WA...criteria; procedures to allow trap transfers among qualifiers and...Atmospheric Administration, 7600 Sand Point Way NE., Seattle, WA...Atmospheric Administration, 7600 Sand Point Way NE., Seattle,...

2010-04-26

447

75 FR 79725 - Fall 2010 Semiannual Agenda of Regulations  

Science.gov (United States)

...Administration, Building 1, 7600 Sand Point Way NE., Seattle, WA...criteria; procedures to allow trap transfers among qualifiers and...Atmospheric Administration, 7600 Sand Point Way NE., Seattle, WA...Atmospheric Administration, 7600 Sand Point Way NE., Seattle,...

2010-12-20

448

Missä ovat Tansanian Msingin alueen kehitysvammaiset lapset? : Etsintää ja kehitysyhteistyöhankkeen suunnittelua  

OpenAIRE

Maana ya hii shahada ni kutafuta jibu kwa mambo mawili: watoto wa kilema wa sehemu za Msingi Tanzania wako wapi na kazi itakuwa ya aina gani ambayo itasimamia kutafuta kimu ya kazi ya mradi ya maendeleo ya Wizara ya mambo ya nje ya Finland. Nilipotafuta watoto wa kilema kutoka sehemu za Msingi nilijaribu kuelewa kwamba ukilema inamanisha nini katika nchi ya Tanzania. Nitatatua ufahamu wa kijadi ambayo imefanya kwamba wakilema hawaonekani wapi watu wapo. Utafiti huu ni pia ripoti ya kazi ya...

Salmela, Taina

2011-01-01

449

Evidence for the long term cost effectiveness of home care reablement programs  

OpenAIRE

Gill F Lewin,1,2 Helman S Alfonso,3 Janine J Alan41Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia; 2Research Department, Silver Chain Group, Perth, WA, Australia; 3School of Population Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia; 4Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, WA, AustraliaBackground: The objectives of this study were to determine whether older individuals who participated in a reablement (restorative) program rather than immediat...

Gf, Lewin; Hs, Alfonso; Jj, Alan

2013-01-01

450

Blue Creek Winter Range: Wildlife Mitigation Project  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This preliminary Environmental Assessment examines the potential environmental effects of securing land and conducting wildlife habitat enhancement and long term management activities within the boundaries of the Spokane Indian Reservation. Four proposed activities are analyzed: Habitat protection; Habitat enhancement; Operation and maintenance; and Monitoring and evaluation. The proposed action is intended to meet the need for mitigation of wildlife and wildlife habitat adversely affected by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam and its reservoir

451

75 FR 60304 - Standard Instrument Approach Procedures, and Takeoff Minimums and Obstacle Departure Procedures...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Augusta, GA, Augusta Rgnl at Bush Field, RNAV (GPS)-A, Orig...10, CANCELLED Toledo, WA, Ed Carlson Memorial Field-South...Graphic Obstacle DP Toledo, WA, Ed Carlson Memorial Field-South...RWY 6, Orig Toledo, WA, Ed Carlson Memorial...

2010-09-30

452

Leading for Sustainability in Western Australian Regional Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper I report on leadership for sustainability in regional schools in Western Australia (WA) in the context of the Australian Sustainable Schools Initiative (AuSSI-WA). Case studies are developed to examine leading cultural change in eight WA regional schools with data presented in three representative narrative accounts. Consistency is…

Pepper, Coral

2014-01-01

453

78 FR 6209 - Safety Zone; Grain-Shipment Vessels, Columbia and Willamette Rivers  

Science.gov (United States)

...Columbia River in Vancouver, WA, the Temco...River Captain of the Port Zone. A safety zone...Columbia River in Vancouver, WA, the Temco...River Captain of the Port or his designated...the Captain of the Port. Federal Law Enforcement...Grain Corporation in Vancouver, WA, Temco...

2013-01-30

454

77 FR 74587 - Safety Zone; Grain-Shipment Vessels, Columbia and Willamette Rivers  

Science.gov (United States)

...Columbia River in Vancouver, WA while they are...River Captain of the Port or his designated...River Captain of the Port Zone, extending...Columbia River in Vancouver, WA. (2) Within...Columbia River in Vancouver, WA. (c) Effective...River Captain of the Port will cause...

2012-12-17

455

Lake Roosevelt Fisheries Evaluation Program; Movements and Growth of Marked Walleye Recaptured in Lake Roosevelt, 2000-2001 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Walleye (Stizostedion vitreum) have been marked with floy tags in Lake Roosevelt since 1997 to estimate abundance, distribution and movement trends. In 2000, walleye were collected and marked during the spawning run in the Spokane River through electrofishing and angling to supplement movement and growth data collected in previous years. Walleye were also collected and marked during the 2000 and 2001 Kettle Falls Governor's Cup Walleye Tournaments. Seventy-six tag returns were recovered in 2000 and twenty-three in 2001. Walleye migrated into the Spokane River to spawn in mid April and early May. The majority of marked walleye were recovered within 25 km of their original marking location, with a few traveling long distances between recovery locations. Data also verified earlier results that walleye establish summer home ranges. Some walleye remained in the Spokane River, while others moved downstream, or upstream after entering the mainstem of Lake Roosevelt. Those moving upstream moved as far north as Keenlyside Dam in British Columbia (245 km). Growth data indicated similar trends exhibited in the past. Walleye growth and mortality rates were consistent with other walleye producing waters. Walleye condition was slightly below average when compared to other systems.

McLellan, Holly; Scholz, Allan

2002-03-01

456

Cross-View of Testing Techniques Toward Improving Web-Based Application Testing  

CERN Document Server

Web Applications (WA's) failures may lead to collapse of the institutions, therefore the importance of good quality WA's is increasing over the time. Testing is one of the best quality metrics that decide whether WA's are reliable or not. WA's testing approaches suffer from the lack of proper coverage of WA's functional requirements testing. On the other hand some approaches produce test cases that already cover WA's testing but they also produce a great number of irrelevant test cases. This research analyzed the main testing approaches for WA's and GUI applications. Also we have an overview of Test-Driven Development and its effects on the current development. The specification of good testing approach that satisfies the proper testing is then presented.

Kandil, Mostafa; Mazen, Sherif

2012-01-01

457

Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2001 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC). The NPPC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPPC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial fish assemblages and native fish in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area and the Columbia Basin Blocked Area Management Plan (1998). The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. In 1999, 2000, and 2001 the project began addressing some of the identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of seven streams and four lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2000. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in southern Pend Oreille County, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2001. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispell Department of Natural Resources, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA); O' Connor, Dick (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)

2003-01-01

458

Characterization of genes for novel thaumatin-like proteins in Cryptomeria japonica.  

Science.gov (United States)

Thaumatin-like proteins (TLPs) are induced by a variety of phytopathogens in many plants and several TLPs are allergenic. Previously, we isolated three TLP-encoding cDNAs (Cry j 3.1, Cry j 3.2 and Cry j 3.3) from a cDNA library derived from the pollen of Cryptomeria japonica D. Don. Here, we describe three new TLP cDNAs (Cry j 3.4, Cry j 3.5 and Cry j 3.6). We compared the sequences, the genetic map location and the expression patterns of the Cry j 3 genes. The amino acid sequence predicted from Cry j 3.5 exhibits only limited similarity to those predicted from the other Cry j 3 genes. Linkage analysis showed that the Cry j 3.1 to Cry j 3.4 genes are located in the same linkage group, but Cry j 3.5 is located in a different group. Organ-specificity and induction by stresses and plant hormones differed among the Cry j 3 mRNAs. In pollen grains, the Cry j 3.5 mRNA expression level was higher than that of the other Cry j 3 genes. Exposure to UV-B and salt stress induced expression of Cry j 3.1. The ethylene-releasing compound ethephon strongly induced expression of Cry j 3.4. Salt stress and salicylic acid also induced expression of Cry j 3.4. Abscisic acid weakly induced expression of Cry j 3.5. Arachidonic acid strongly induced expression of Cry j 3.4 and Cry j 3.6, and weakly induced that of Cry j 3.3, whereas expression of Cry j 3.1 and Cry j 3.5 was unaffected. These results suggest that the roles of TLPs and the cascades that regulate their expression differ among the members of the TLP family in C. japonica. PMID:16203714

Futamura, Norihiro; Tani, Naoki; Tsumura, Yoshihiko; Nakajima, Nobuyoshi; Sakaguchi, Masahiko; Shinohara, Kenji

2006-01-01

459

Al-Tafk?r ?aul Mak?nah al-Mar’ah bi Ind?n?siy? ba?th f? Mawqif al-Isl?m min al-?ark?t al-Nis?’?yah f? al-Qarnayn al-T?si’ ‘Ashr wa al-‘Ishr?n al-Mil?diy?n  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available the discourse concerning feminism in Indonesian Muslim society is relatively recent. The emergence of such a movement only goes back to the early twentieth century, when R.A Kartini, a daughter of Jepara Resident, struggled for an equal position for man and women in public life. it seems that the movement has tried to respon a particular challenge faced by most women in the Dutch-East Indies who have been discriminated againts and denied access to education. as the movement speards, the discourse on gender rises to become an important issue among muslims in Indonesia, particularly in academic sphere. It grows rapidly with more extensive and subtantial topics of discussion.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v6i1.748

Junaidah Munawwaroh

2014-03-01

460

I?tif?l?t Ar?ha bi Jaz?rah H?r?k? bu M?l?k? al-Wus??: ??rah li al-Takayyuf bayn al-Isl?m wa al-Thaq?fah al-Mahall?yah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Artikel ini menyuguhkan satu kajian tentang proses penerjemahan atau kontekstualisasi Islam dalam terma-terma budaya lokal di Indonesia. Pembabasan artikel ini difokuskan pada apa yang disebut sebagai upacara aroha, yang berkembang di kalangan Muslim di pulau Haruku, Maluku. Melalui upacara ini, baik, unsur Islam dan budaya lokal pra-Islam tampak lebur menjadi satu sistem kepercayaan dan praktek keagamaan masyarakat. Begitu pula melalui upacara aroha ini, pemaknaan masyarakat terhadap ajaran Islam dilakukan dalam kerangka sistem budaya yang telah berakar kuat dalam masyarakat Haruku.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v9i3.661

Hamadi B. Husain

2014-03-01

461

Ikhtil?f al-?ab?‘ah al-‘Ilm?yah al-Isl?m?yah bayna Man??iq al-S??il al-Shim?l? wa al-Man??iq al-D?khil?yah li J?wah al-Wus?á fi al-Qarn 15-17 al-M?l?d?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The propagators of Islam in the north coast of Central Java in the 15th - the 17th centuries have successfully demonstrated legalistic character of the Islamic knowledge. However, the influence of Shaykh Siti Jenar’s teachings and the Hinduism that deeply rooted among the Javanese as well as the slowly spread of Islamic knowledge in the rural Central Java have contributed to the inequalities of Islamic understanding. Therefore, the Islamic knowledge in this area becomes more syncretistic and heterodox or it is known as kejawen. With the increase of Muslims in the archipelago who study Islam to the center of Islam in Mecca, Madina, and Egypt, the universal Islam is more understood and disseminated in the translation works of the scholars. This further reduces the local character of Java contained in kejawen teachings and in contrary strengthens the orthodox Islam.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v19i2.364 

Ismawati Ismawati

2012-08-01

462

Al-Muw?jahah bayn al-‘Urf wa al-Shar?’ah al-Isl?m?yah f? Ind?n?s?y?: Nadrah T?r?kh?yah f? al-Q?n?n al-Jan?’i f? Asia f? al-Fatrah 1516-1688  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Following the demise of the New order Regime in 1998, a period to become known as reformasi (reformation, the demand for the implementation of Islamic shari'ah became louder. Helped by the Regional Autonomy Laws of 1999, a number of regions in Indonesia demanded Islamic law to be implemented. Aceh was most adamant in its demand. At present, the implementation of Islamic shari'ah in Aceh has been provided with a legal basis by Law No. 44, 1999 and Law 18, 2001 on special Autonomy and the implementation of lslamic shari'ah in Aceh. The Regional Government of Nangroe Aceh Darussalam (NAD has also issued a number of practical Regional Bylaras (Qanun including the prohibition on drinking alcoholic beverages (khamar, regulated in Qanun No. 12/2003, the prohibition on gambling (maisir in Qanun No. 13/2003, and the disallowance of illicit sex (khalwat in Qanun No. 14/2003.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v14i3.548

Ayang Utriza Yakin

2007-12-01

463

Withaferin A causes activation of Notch2 and Notch4 in human breast cancer cells  

OpenAIRE

Ayurvedic medicine plants continue to draw attention for the discovery of novel anticancer agents. Withaferin A (WA) is one such small-molecule constituent of the Ayurvedic medicine plant Withania somnifera with efficacy against cultured and xenografted human breast cancer cells. However, the mechanism underlying anticancer effect of WA is not fully understood. The present study was undertaken to determine the role of Notch signaling in anticancer effects of WA using human breast cancer cells...

Lee, Joomin; Sehrawat, Anuradha; Singh, Shivendra V.

2012-01-01

464

W?gle aktywne jako katalizatory sprz??onych reakcji odwodornienia/uwodornienia zwi?zków organicznych  

OpenAIRE

Zdecydowana wi?kszo?? technologii otrzymywania wa?nych przemys?owo produktów bazuje na reakcjach o charakterze katalitycznym. Jednym z istotniejszych procesów tego typu jest proces odwodornienia. Sektor chemiczny wykorzystuje m.in. reakcj? dehydrogenacji lekkich parafin do odpowiadaj?cych im olefin (wa?ne reagenty w syntezie organicznej), nie mniejsze znaczenie ma równie? proces dehydrogenacji etylobenzenu do styrenu (surowiec wyj?ciowy do produkcji wa?nych przemys?owo materia?...

Malaika, Anna

2012-01-01

465

Water Accounting Plus for Water Resources Reporting and River Basin Planning:  

OpenAIRE

This thesis introduces Water Accounting Plus (WA+), which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. WA+ is a simple, yet comprehensive and understandable water accounting framework that provides a standardized way of data collection and a presentation system that describes the overall land and water management situation in complex river basins. WA+ tracks water depletions rather than withdrawals...

Karimi, P.

2014-01-01

466

IgY Antibodies Protect against Human Rotavirus Induced Diarrhea in the Neonatal Gnotobiotic Piglet Disease Model  

OpenAIRE

Group A Rotaviruses are the most common cause of severe, dehydrating diarrhea in children worldwide. The aim of the present work was to evaluate protection against rotavirus (RV) diarrhea conferred by the prophylactic administration of specific IgY antibodies (Ab) to gnotobiotic piglets experimentally inoculated with virulent Wa G1P[8] human rotavirus (HRV). Chicken egg yolk IgY Ab generated from Wa HRV hyperimmunized hens specifically recognized (ELISA) and neutralized Wa HRV in vitro. Suppl...

Vega, Celina G.; Bok, Marina; Vlasova, Anastasia N.; Chattha, Kuldeep S.; Ferna?ndez, Fernando M.; Wigdorovitz, Andre?s; Parren?o, Viviana G.; Saif, Linda J.

2012-01-01

467

Effectiveness of a lifestyle exercise program for older people receiving a restorative home care service: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial  

OpenAIRE

Elissa Burton,1,2 Gill Lewin,1,2 Lindy Clemson,3 Duncan Boldy41Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia; 2Research Department, Silver Chain, Perth, WA, Australia; 3Health and Work Research Unit, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 4School of Nursing and Midwifery, Curtin University, Perth, WA, AustraliaBackground: Restorative home care services are short-term and aimed at maximizing a person’s ability to live independently. They are multidimensio...

Burton E; Lewin G; Clemson L; Boldy D

2013-01-01

468

Patterns of decision making about cancer clinical trial participation among the online cancer treatment community: A collaboration between SWOG and NexCura | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Science.gov (United States)

Unger JM, Hershman DL, Burg K, Moinpour C, Albain KS, Petersen JA, Crowley J. SWOG Statistical Center, Seattle, WA; Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY; Nexcura, Seattle, WA; Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL; Cancer Research and Biostatistics, Seattle, W. 2012 ASCO Annual Meeting, J Clin Oncol 30, 2012 (suppl abstr CRA6009). 2012 Jun 01. 2012 Jun 05. Chicago, IL.

469

Improved awareness and appropriate use of non-occupational post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) for HIV prevention following a multi-modal communication strategy  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background In May 2005, the Western Australian Department of Health (WA Health) developed a communication strategy to improve the awareness and appropriate use of non-occupational post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) in WA. The communication strategy included the development of an nPEP information pamphlet, the establishment of a 24 hour nPEP phone line and the distribution of the WA Health nPEP guidelines to health professionals. The communication strategy was aimed at ...

Minas Byron; Laing Sue; Jordan Helen; Mak Donna B

2012-01-01

470

Characterization of Enhancer-of-White-Apricot in Drosophila Melanogaster  

OpenAIRE

The white-apricot (w(a)) allele differs from the wild-type white gene by the presence of the retrovirus-like transposable element copia within the transcription unit. Most RNAs derived from w(a) have 3' termini within this insertion, and only small amounts of structurally normal RNA are produced. The activity of w(a) is reduced in trans by a semidominant mutation in the gene Enhancer-of-white-apricot (E(w(a)). Flies that are w(a) and heterozygous for the enhancer have eyes which are much ligh...

Peng, X.; Mount, S. M.

1990-01-01

471

78 FR 14836 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Members of SGIP 2...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Manufacturers, Washington, DC; Battelle Pacific Northwest Lab, Richland, WA; California Public Utilities Commission, San Francisco...Communications Technologies Private Limited (KALKITECH), HSR Layout, Bangalore, INDIA; Energy Information Standards...

2013-03-07

472

78 FR 29121 - Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board; Notice of...  

Science.gov (United States)

...2339): Generating Pacific Northwest a Synthetic National Biology Toolbox Laboratory, for Nitroorganics Richland, WA. (FY13...Underwater UXO Dr. Herb Nelson, Workshop. Munitions Response, Program Manager....

2013-05-17

473

Lähte mehed ehitavad 1,5 miljonit maksvaid kaatreid / Anti Ronk  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Klassikalise disainiga plastkaatri Arthur 26 WA projekteerimist ja valmistamist tutvustavad Tartumaa ettevõtete OÜ Arthuri Paat tegevdirektor Ivo Venta ja OÜ Klassik Paat tegevdirektor Jüri Jõul. Lisa: Kaatri näitajad

Ronk, Anti

2004-01-01

474

Antifungal Effects of Silver Nanoparticles (AgNPs) against Various Plant Pathogenic Fungi  

OpenAIRE

This research is concerned with the fungicidal properties of nano-size silver colloidal solution used as an agent for antifungal treatment of various plant pathogens. We used WA-CV-WA13B, WA-AT-WB13R, and WA-PR-WB13R silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) at concentrations of 10, 25, 50, and 100 ppm. Eighteen different plant pathogenic fungi were treated with these AgNPs on potato dextrose agar (PDA), malt extract agar, and corn meal agar plates. We calculated fungal inhibition in order to evaluate the...

Kim, Sang Woo; Jung, Jin Hee; Lamsal, Kabir; Kim, Yun Seok; Min, Ji Seon; Lee, Youn Su

2012-01-01

475

The Comparison of the Manifestation of the Clinical Imageology and Pathology between the Brucellar Spondylitis and the Spine Turberculosis  

OpenAIRE

Objective: To improve the clinical differential diagnosis level, the clinical manifestation of the brucellar spondylitis and the spine turberculosis were discussed in this paper. Method: The study wa...

Xinming Yang; Xianyong Meng; Wei Shi; Yakun Du; Lei Zhang; Yaoyi Wang

2014-01-01

476

Columbia River System Operation Review : Final Environmental Impact Statement, Main Report Exhibits.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Volume is a part of the Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Columbia River System. This volume contains technical exhibits of cultural resources and commentary on the (System Operation Review) SOR process. The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation comment is the majority of the material in the volume, in the Consultation Plan, Identification of trust resources; Criteria for the selection of a System Operating Strategy; comment on rights protection and implementation of Federal Trust responsibility; analysis of the draft EIS. Comment by other Native American Tribes and groups is also included: Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation; Kootenai Tribe of Idaho; Spokane Tribe of Indians; Coeur d` Alene tribe.

Columbia River System Operation Review (U.S.)

1995-11-01

477

Columbia River system operation review: Final environmental impact statement. Main report exhibits  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This Volume is a part of the Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Columbia River System. This volume contains technical exhibits of cultural resources and commentary on the (System Operation Review) SOR process. The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation comment is the majority of the material in the volume, in the Consultation Plan, Identification of trust resources; Criteria for the selection of a System Operating Strategy; comment on rights protection and implementation of Federal Trust responsibility; analysis of the draft EIS. Comment by other Native American Tribes and groups is also included: Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation; Kootenai Tribe of Idaho; Spokane Tribe of Indians; Coeur d' Alene tribe

478

Role of mitogen-activated protein kinases and Mcl-1 in apoptosis induction by withaferin A in human breast cancer cells.  

Science.gov (United States)

Withaferin A (WA), a bioactive constituent of Ayurvedic medicine plant Withania somnifera, is a potent apoptosis inducer in cancer cells but the mechanism of cell death induction is not fully characterized. The present study was undertaken to determine the role of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), including c-jun NH2 -terminal kinase (JNK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and p38 MAPK, and anti-apoptotic protein myeloid cell leukemia-1 (Mcl-1) in regulation of WA-induced apoptosis using human breast cancer cells. Exposure of MCF-7 (estrogen responsive) and SUM159 (triple negative) human breast cancer cells to WA resulted in increased phosphorylation of ERK, JNK, and p38 MAPK, but these effects were relatively more pronounced in the former cell line than in SUM159. Overexpression of manganese-superoxide dismutase conferred partial protection against WA-mediated hyperphosphorylation of ERK, but not JNK or p38 MAPK. Cell death resulting from WA treatment in MCF-7 cells was significantly augmented by pharmacological inhibition of ERK and p38 MAPK. Interestingly, the WA-induced apoptosis in MCF-7 cells was partially but significantly blocked in the presence of a JNK-specific inhibitor. Pharmacological inhibition of ERK or JNK had no effect on WA-induced apoptosis in SUM159 cells. The WA-treated cells exhibited induction of long and short forms of Mcl-1. RNA interference of Mcl-1 alone triggered apoptosis. Furthermore, the WA-induced cell death in MCF-7 cells was modestly but significantly augmented by knockdown of the Mcl-1 protein. These observations indicate that: MAPK have cell line-specific role in cell death by WA, and Mcl-1 induction confers modest protection against WA-induced apoptosis. PMID:24019090

Hahm, Eun-Ryeong; Lee, Joomin; Singh, Shivendra V

2014-11-01

479

Withaferin A inhibits experimental epithelial-mesenchymal transition in MCF-10A cells and suppresses vimentin protein level in vivo in breast tumors.  

Science.gov (United States)

We have shown previously that withaferin A (WA), a bioactive component of the medicinal plant Withania somnifera, inhibits growth of cultured and xenografted human breast cancer cells and prevents breast cancer development and pulmonary metastasis incidence in a transgenic mouse model. The present study was undertaken to determine if the anticancer effect of WA involved inhibition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Experimental EMT induced by exposure of MCF-10A cells to tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?) and transforming growth factor-?1 (TGF-?) was partially reversed by treatment with WA but not by its structural analogs withanone or withanolide A. Combined TNF-? and TGF-? treatments conferred partial protection against MCF-10A cell migration inhibition by WA. Inhibition of TNF-? and TGF-?-induced MCF-10A cell migration by WA exposure was modestly attenuated by knockdown of E-cadherin protein. MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells exposed to WA exhibited sustained (MCF-7) or transient (MDA-MB-231) induction of E-cadherin protein. On the other hand, the level of vimentin protein was increased markedly after 24?h treatment of MDA-MB-231 cells with WA. WA-induced apoptosis was not affected by vimentin protein knockdown in MDA-MB-231 cells. Protein level of vimentin was significantly lower in the MDA-MB-231 xenografts as well as in MMTV-neu tumors from WA-treated mice compared with controls. The major conclusions of the present study are that (a) WA treatment inhibits experimental EMT in MCF-10A cells, and (b) mammary cancer growth inhibition by WA administration is associated with suppression of vimentin protein expression in vivo. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:24293234

Lee, Joomin; Hahm, Eun-Ryeong; Marcus, Adam I; Singh, Shivendra V

2013-11-30

480

Growth arrest by the antitumor steroidal lactone withaferin A in human breast cancer cells is associated with down-regulation and covalent binding at cysteine 303 of ?-tubulin.  

Science.gov (United States)

Withaferin A (WA), a C5,C6-epoxy steroidal lactone derived from a medicinal plant (Withania somnifera), inhibits growth of human breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo and prevents mammary cancer development in a transgenic mouse model. However, the mechanisms underlying the anticancer effect of WA are not fully understood. Herein, we report that tubulin is a novel target of WA-mediated growth arrest in human breast cancer cells. The G2 and mitotic arrest resulting from WA exposure in MCF-7, SUM159, and SK-BR-3 cells was associated with a marked decrease in protein levels of ?-tubulin. These effects were not observed with the naturally occurring C6,C7-epoxy analogs of WA (withanone and withanolide A). A non-tumorigenic normal mammary epithelial cell line (MCF-10A) was markedly more resistant to mitotic arrest by WA compared with breast cancer cells. Vehicle-treated control cells exhibited a normal bipolar spindle with chromosomes aligned along the metaphase plate. In contrast, WA treatment led to a severe disruption of normal spindle morphology. NMR analyses revealed that the A-ring enone in WA, but not in withanone or withanolide A, was highly reactive with cysteamine and rapidly succumbed to irreversible nucleophilic addition. Mass spectrometry demonstrated direct covalent binding of WA to Cys(303) of ?-tubulin in MCF-7 cells. Molecular docking indicated that the WA-binding pocket is located on the surface of ?-tubulin and characterized by a hydrophobic floor, a hydrophobic wall, and a charge-balanced hydrophilic entrance. These results provide novel insights into the mechanism of growth arrest by WA in breast cancer cells. PMID:24297176

Antony, Marie L; Lee, Joomin; Hahm, Eun-Ryeong; Kim, Su-Hyeong; Marcus, Adam I; Kumari, Vandana; Ji, Xinhua; Yang, Zhen; Vowell, Courtney L; Wipf, Peter; Uechi, Guy T; Yates, Nathan A; Romero, Guillermo; Sarkar, Saumendra N; Singh, Shivendra V

2014-01-17

481

Gclust Server: 81764 [Gclust Server  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available 81764 CEL_F52E4.6_17570295 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(253) 454 wrt-2: WaRThog (hedgehog ... ngth 454 Representative annotation wrt-2: WaRThog (hedgehog -like family) family member (wrt-2) Number of Seque ...

482

Gclust Server: 24800 [Gclust Server  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available 24800 CEL_ZK1290.12_71998608 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(29) 484 wrt-1: WaRThog (hedgehog ... ngth 484 Representative annotation wrt-1: WaRThog (hedgehog -like family) family member (wrt-1) Number of Seque ...

483

Gclust Server: 49063 [Gclust Server  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available 49063 CEL_W03D2.5_17542864 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(5) 176 wrt-5: WaRThog (hedgehog -l ... ngth 176 Representative annotation wrt-5: WaRThog (hedgehog -like family) family member (wrt-5) Number of Seque ...

484

75 FR 60739 - Procurement List; Additions and Deletions  

Science.gov (United States)

...8415-00-NIB-0788--Size XX-LG. NPA: San Antonio Lighthouse for the Blind...77 Wainwright Drive, Walla Walla, WA. NPA: Lillie Rice Center, Walla Walla, WA...Home-Gulfport, 1800 Beach Drive, Gulfport, MS. NPA: AbilityWorks, Inc. of Harrison...

2010-10-01

485

AcEST: BP912565 [AcEST  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available YMU001_000020_D06 487 Adiantum capillus-veneris mRNA. clone: YMU001_000020_D06. BP912565 - Show ... %) Frame = +2 Query: 152 KNQAWAVAKTMGDGMKQLCEAHKRAEDKK TSTLQELETARMLHXXXXXXXXXXXXTK-RH 328 +N WA G + +L +A ... HK A DKK ... + +L+ K Sbjct: 150 RNYLWAAQTPQGFLVDRLKKAHKMAIDKK WK ... %) Frame = +2 Query: 152 KNQAWAVAKTMGDGMKQLCEAHKRAEDKK TSTLQELETARMLHXXXXXXXXXXXXTK-RH 328 +N WA G + +L +A ...

486

40 CFR 721.8100 - Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis (hy-droxy...  

Science.gov (United States)

...hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis (hy-droxy-ethyl) tal-lo-wa-mine oxide phos-phate. ...hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis (hy-droxy-ethyl) tal-lo-wa-mine oxide phos-phate....

2010-07-01

487

50 CFR Table 1 to Subpart H of... - Pacific Salmon EFH Identified by USGS Hydrologic Unit Code (HUC)  

Science.gov (United States)

...Identified by USGS Hydrologic Unit Code (HUC) 1 Table 1 to Subpart...Identified by USGS Hydrologic Unit Code (HUC) USGS HUC State...salmon Tolt Dam (S. Fork Tolt R.) 17110011 WA Snohomish...Falls (Masonry) Dam (Cedar R.) 17110013 WA...

2010-10-01