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1

75 FR 5703 - Proposed Modification of Jet Route J-3; Spokane, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...at the office of the Western Service Center, Air Traffic Organization, Federal Aviation Administration, 1601 Lind Avenue, 15000 SW., Renton, WA 98055. Persons interested in being placed on a mailing list for future NPRMs should contact the...

2010-02-04

2

78 FR 2428 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA AGENCY: National Park...SUMMARY: The Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, also known as the Eastern Washington...contact the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture. DATES: Representatives of any...

2013-01-11

3

75 FR 58424 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA AGENCY: National Park...possession of the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, aka Eastern Washington State Historical...Society (now Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture), University of Washington, and...

2010-09-24

4

Streamflow Trends in the Spokane River and Tributaries, Spokane Valley/Rathdrum Prairie, Idaho and Washington.  

Science.gov (United States)

A clear understanding of the aquifer and river dynamics within the Spokane Valley/Rathdrum Prairie (SVRP) is essential in making proper management decisions concerning ground-water and surface-water appropriations. Management of the Spokane Valley/Rathdru...

J. E. Hortness J. J. Covert

2005-01-01

5

Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2005 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting harvestable fisheries for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). The Spokane Tribe, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Colville Confederated Tribes and Lake Roosevelt Development Association/Lake Roosevelt Volunteer Net Pen Project are cooperating in a comprehensive artificial production program to produce kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) for annual releases into the project area. The program consists of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. The Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake Fisheries Evaluation Program monitor and evaluates release strategies and production methods for the aforementioned projects. Between 1985 and 2005 the projects have collectively produced up to 800,000 rainbow trout and 4 million kokanee salmon for release into Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry for Banks Lake annually. In 2005, the annual release goal included 3.3 million kokanee fry, 475,000 kokanee yearlings and 500,000 rainbow trout yearlings. Fish produced by this project in 2005 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 3,446,438 kokanee fingerlings, 347,730 rainbow trout fingerlings and 525,721 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Meadow Creek and Lake Whatcom kokanee, diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2004 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to rainbow trout catch and harvest rates while the impact on the kokanee fishery was minimal. Success of the Lake Roosevelt kokanee artificial production program appears to be limited primarily owing to predation, precocity and high entrainment rates through Grand Coulee Dam. Recommendations for future hatchery/net pen operations include use of stocks compatible or native to the upper Columbia River, continue kokanee fry and post-smolt releases, 100% triploid hatchery stock rainbow trout used and adipose fin clip hatchery stock rainbow trout prior to release. The Spokane Tribal Hatchery is funded by the Bonneville Power Administration under directives by the Northwest Power Conservation Council Columbia River Basin Fish & Wildlife Program, Resident Fish Substitution Measures, 1987 to current (Subbasin Plan), as partial mitigation for anadromous and resident fish losses in the blocked areas above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams.

Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2006-03-01

6

Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2004 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting a harvestable fishery for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). A collaborative multi-agency artificial production program for the Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake fisheries exists consisting of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and the Lake Roosevelt Kokanee and Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. These projects operate complementary of one another to target an annual release of 1 million yearling kokanee and 500,000 yearling rainbow trout for Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry/fingerlings for Banks Lake. Fish produced by this project in 2004 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 1,655,722 kokanee fingerlings, 537,783 rainbow trout fingerlings and 507,660 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Lake Whatcom kokanee, 50:50 diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2004 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to harvestable rainbow trout and kokanee salmon fisheries. An increase in kokanee harvest was primarily owing to new release strategies. Walleye predation, early maturity and entrainment through Grand Coulee Dam continues to have a negative impact on adult kokanee returns and limits the success of hatchery/net pen stocking on the number of harvestable fish. Recommendations for future hatchery/net pen operations include use of stocks compatible or native to the upper Columbia River, continue hatchery-rearing practices to reduce precocity rates of kokanee and continue new kokanee stocking strategies associated with increased kokanee harvest rates.

Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2005-03-01

7

75 FR 58429 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...identified. The 11 associated funerary objects are 1 basalt piece, 1 bone awl, 1 unworked and worked cache form, 1 scraper, 1 pestle, 1 blade fragment, 1 piece of wood, 3 projectile points and 1 knife. Human remains representing a minimum of nine...

2010-09-24

8

Hydrogeologic Framework and Ground-Water Budget of the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer, Spokane County, Washington, and Bonner and Kootenai Counties, Idaho.  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Idaho Department of Water Resources and Washington State Department of Ecology, investigated the hydrogeologic framework and ground-water budget of the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie (SVRP) aquifer loca...

J. R. Bartolino S. C. Kahle

2007-01-01

9

Ground-Water Flow Model for the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer, Spokane County, Washington, and Bonner and Kootenai Counties, Idaho.  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Idaho Department of Water Resources and Washington State Department of Ecology, investigated the hydrogeologic framework and ground-water budget of the Spokane Valley- Rathdrum Prairie (SVRP) aquifer loc...

A. Hossain A. H. Wylie B. A. Contor G. S. Johnson J. L. Jones M. E. Barber P. A. Hsieh

2007-01-01

10

Preparing for WA34  

CERN Document Server

Following a proposal by a CERN-Florence-Genova Collaboration to study charmed particles photoproduced in emulsion plates tagged by the Omega apparatus triggers, WA34 was a test exposure to demonstrate the validity of the experimental method. Here (centre) Giordano Diambrini-Palazzi inside the Omega magnet. the validity of the experimental method.

1977-01-01

11

At WA7  

CERN Multimedia

The CERN-Genoa-Annecy(LAPP)- Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen-Oslo-University College,London Collaboration set-up the experiment WA7 to study two-body reactions at large transverse momentum. Here, Michel Yvert, Alberto Santronico, Per Carlson

1977-01-01

12

Stormwater runoff policy on the Spokane/Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Panhandle Health District, in conjunction with the Idaho Department of Water Resources, is developing a stormwater runoff control program under the US EPA Wellhead Protection Program. The goal of the project is to protect the Spokane Valley/Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer from widespread subsurface disposal of stormwater runoff via shallow injection wells. Studies conducted by the health district in 1976 and 1977 established that areas downgradient from urban land uses had elevated nitrate level sand that the aquifer is vulnerable to contamination from surface activities. The stormwater runoff controls are being developed in conjunction with similar programs, such as chemical storage and use, solid waste and subsurface sewage disposal. The expected result will be a groundwater management system that protects the resource by preventing contamination rather than a program that responds to poor water quality with costly remedial action.

Hale, E.O.

1990-01-01

13

Health assessment for Northside Landfill, Spokane, Washington, Region 10. CERCLIS No. WAD980511778. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The North Landfill site is located northwest of Spokane, Washington, approximately one-half mile east of the Spokane River. The contaminants found on the site are tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethylene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, and 1,1-dichloroethane. The contamination in the ground water is of potential concern if the water from affected wells is used for domestic purposes. All affected residents should be supplied an alternate source of water for all uses including bathing and irrigation of gardens and lawns.

1988-04-01

14

J3-crystallin of the jellyfish lens: Similarity to saposins  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

J3-crystallin, one of the three major eye-lens proteins of the cubomedusan jellyfish (Tripedalia cystophora), shows similarity to vertebrate saposins, which are multifunctional proteins that bridge lysosomal hydrolases to lipids and activate enzyme activity. Sequence alignment of deduced J3-crystall...

Piatigorsky, Joram; Norman, Barbara; Dishaw, Larry J.; Kos, Lidia; Horwitz, Joseph; Steinbach, Peter J.; Kozmik, Zbynek

15

Assessment of Areal Recharge to the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer, Spokane County, Washington, and Bonner and Kootenai Counties, Idaho.  

Science.gov (United States)

A numerical flow model of the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie aquifer currently (2007) being developed requires the input of values for areally-distributed recharge, a parameter that is often the most uncertain component of water budgets and ground-water ...

J. R. Bartolino

2007-01-01

16

Surface-Water/Ground-Water Interaction of the Spokane River and the Spokane Valley/Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer, Idaho and Washington.  

Science.gov (United States)

Historical mining in the Coeur d'Alene River Basin of northern Idaho has resulted in elevated concentrations of some trace metals (particularly cadmium, lead, and zinc) in water and sediment of Coeur d'Alene Lake and downstream in the Spokane River in Ida...

R. R. Caldwell C. L. Bowers

2003-01-01

17

SVX Sequence Crate Custom J2/J3 Backplane  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Custom J2/J3 Backplane is a full length (21 slot) user specified custom 3U backplane to be used in both the J2 and J3 positions. Slot spacing is identical to that used for VME (0.8-inch), and each backplane shall fit into a standard Eurocard VME style crate. The purpose of the Custom J2/J3 Backplane is to send and receive control and clock signals from the SVX chips via 3M pleated foil cables (Slots 2-21), and in slot 1, accept a cable connector and route its signal through to a signal distribution board.

Utes, M.; /Fermilab

1997-10-23

18

Characterization of Surface-Water/Ground-Water Interaction Along the Spokane River, Idaho and Washington  

Science.gov (United States)

Historical mining in the Coeur d'Alene River basin of northern Idaho has resulted in elevated concentrations of some trace metals (particularly Cd, Pb, and Zn) in water and sediments of Coeur d'Alene Lake and downstream in the Spokane River. On average during 1999 and 2000, about 20,000 kg/yr of whole-water lead (particulate plus dissolved), 2,100 kg/yr of whole-water cadmium, and 450,000 kg/yr of whole-water zinc flowed out of Coeur d'Alene Lake into the Spokane River. These elevated trace-metal concentrations in the Spokane River have raised concerns about potential contamination of ground water in the underlying Spokane Valley/Rathdrum Prairie aquifer, the primary source of drinking water for the city of Spokane and surrounding areas. A study conducted as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment Program examined the interaction of the river and aquifer using hydrologic and chemical data along a losing reach of the Spokane River. The river and ground water were extensively monitored over a range of hydrologic conditions at 3 stream gages and 25 monitoring wells (including 18 wells installed for this study) ranging from 8 to 1,000 m from the river. River stage, ground-water level, water temperature, and specific conductance were measured hourly to biweekly, and water samples were collected 8 times. Additional regional ground-water data were collected from more than 190 wells within 5 km of the study reach. Hydrologic and chemical data indicate that the Spokane River recharges the Spokane Valley/Rathdrum Prairie aquifer along a 35-km reach between Coeur d'Alene Lake and Spokane. Ground-water levels in near-river (<125 m from the river) wells responded rapidly to variations in river stage and indicated the presence of an unsaturated zone beneath the river and a ground-water flow gradient away from the river. Chemical data indicated that river recharge may influence ground-water chemistry as far as 900 m from the river. The chemistry and temperature of river water and ground water from near-river wells were similar and exhibited similar temporal trends, whereas ground water from wells located farther from the river had higher ionic strength and more stable temperature and chemistry. Lag time between variations of water temperature and water chemistry in the river and response of near-river wells may prove useful for estimating ground-water velocity and time of travel of chemical constituents to and through the aquifer. Although concentrations of Cd and Pb were elevated in bed sediment, dissolved (<0.45 um) Cd and Pb were generally less than 1 ug/L in the river and ground water. Dissolved Zn concentrations were similar in near-river wells (17 to 71 ug/L) and the river (22 to 66 ug/L), but were less than detection levels in wells farther from the river. In 1999 and 2000, the dissolved Zn load in the Spokane River decreased by about 72,000 kg/yr, or 17%, within the losing reach from Post Falls to downstream from Spokane. Part of this Zn load likely is transported to and stored in the near-river zone of the aquifer because the Zn is not returned farther downstream near Spokane where the aquifer discharges to the river.

Caldwell, R. R.; Bowers, C. L.; Hein, K. L.

2002-12-01

19

Counter support for WA35  

CERN Multimedia

This assembly was equipped with 78 counters, each consisting of a lucite cone, to produce Cerenkov light, and a CsI scintillator plate of 3 mm thickness glued on the face of the cone. The experiment WA35 was set-up in the s1 beam (West Hall) by the Darmstadt-Heidelberg-Virginia-Warsaw Collaboration to measure angular distributions and multiplicities of pions and recoil protons produced by hadrons interacting in nuclei. (See Annual Report 1976 p. 39)

1977-01-01

20

Observations of CO J = 3 ? 2 emission from molecular clouds  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Extensive observations in the J = 3 ? 2 transition of carbon monoxide at 345 GHz (870 ?m) have been obtained using an indium anti-monide heterodyne spectral-line receiver with the United Kingdom 3.8-m Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) at Mauna Kea. Mapping observations of up to 1/2 deg2 areas are reported towards the sources NGC 1333, 2023, 2024 and 2068. These maps, obtained with a 55-arcsec beam, reveal a number of new molecular hotspots as well as confirming the previous detection of molecular cool-spots. High-quality spectra have been obtained towards the self-absorbed sources NGC 1333 IRS-1, NGC 2071, Mon R2, AFGL 961 and DR 21. These spectra are similar to those observed in lower CO transitions, but there is a tendency for the redshifted wing to be enhanced in the J = 3 ? 2 transition. Spectral observations are also reported for L 1551/HH-29. Analysis of the variation of gas kinetic temperature around several of the mapped sources shows close agreement with the expected grain kinetic temperature, assuming these sources to be irradiated by single central stars of a spectral class similar to that estimated from other methods. The present data support the previous model (from CO J = 1 ? 0 data) for NGC 2071 and show it to be a rotating cloud. (author)

1981-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

PROBING CIRCUMNUCLEAR ENVIRONMENTS WITH THE HCN(J = 3-2) AND HCO+(J = 3-2) LINES: CASE OF NGC 1097  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present the first interferometric HCN(J = 3-2) and HCO+(J = 3-2) maps in the circumnuclear region of NGC 1097, obtained with the Submillimeter Array. The goal is to study the characteristics of the dense gas associated with the starburst ring/Seyfert nucleus. With these transitions, we suppress the diffuse low density emission in the nuclear region. We detect and resolve the individual compact giant molecular cloud associations (GMAs) in the 1.4 kpc circumnuclear starburst ring and within the 350 pc nuclear region. The nucleus is brighter than the ring in both lines, and contributes ?20% and ?30% to the total detected HCO+(J = 3-2) and HCN(J = 3-2) flux, within the central 1.4 kpc. The intensity ratios of HCN(J = 3-2)/HCO+(J = 3-2) are roughly unity in the GMAs of the starburst ring. However, this ratio is up to ?2 in the nuclear region. From the HCN(J = 3-2)/HCN(J = 1-0) ratio of ?0.2 in the nucleus, we infer that the nuclear HCN(J = 3-2) emission might be optically thin. The HCO+(J = 3-2) and HCN(J = 3-2) show correlations with 12CO(J = 3-2) and the 24 ?m emission. The tight correlations of HCN(J = 3-2), HCO+(J = 3-2), and 24 ?m emission in the starburst ring suggest that the dense molecular gas and the dust are from the same origins of star-forming regions. On the other hand, the HCN(J = 3-2) emission of the nucleus is significantly enhanced, indicating mechanisms other than star formation, such as active galactic nucleus activities. A self-consistent check of the fractional abundance enhanced by X-ray ionization chemistry of the nucleus is possible with our observations.

2012-03-10

22

The WA98 experiment; L`experience WA98  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The WA98 collaboration has as an objective the study of the hadron and photon production in Pb + Pb collisions. In these interactions in which hot hadronic matter is produced in a large volume, one can investigate a phase transition to the quark-gluon plasma. In order to identify anomalous events or class of events, a particular attention is given to the reaction characterization. The space phase evolution of the reaction volume is studied by the Bose-Einstein correlations of the charged hadrons while the thermal evolution of the system is determined by the direct photons. The WA98 experimental setup is a highly segmented photon-multiplicity detector placed at 21.5 m away from the target. The photon multiplicity is measured by a PMD detector while the negative particle tracking is realized by six avalanche chamber readout by CCD cameras. A second tracking branch made of two avalanche chambers and two streamer tube planes is associated to a time-of-flight measurement system. The two tracking branches determine the two-particle correlations. A silicon-drift and a silicon-pad detectors are designed for measurements of charged particle multiplicity within the 2.0-3.8 rapidity interval. The collision centrality is determined by means of the transverse energy measured by a calorimeter located at the mean rapidity and the spectator energy evaluated by a 0{sup o} calorimeter. The DST production is under way at Lyon Computer Center as well as the preparation of final analysis

Bernier, T.; Gutbrod, H.H.; Jouault, B.; Nayak, S.; Luquin, L.; Pinganaud, W.; Sebille, F.; Roy, C.; Retiere, F. [Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et des Technologies Associees - SUBATECH, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 44 - Nantes (France); WA98 Collaboration

1997-10-01

23

Probing Circumnuclear Environments with the HCN(J = 3-2) and HCO+(J = 3-2) lines: Case of NGC 1097  

CERN Multimedia

We present the first interferometric HCN(J = 3-2) and HCO+(J = 3-2) maps in the circumnuclear region of NGC 1097, obtained with the Submillimeter Array. The goal is to study the characteristics of the dense gas associated with the starburst ring/Seyfert nucleus. With these transitions, we suppress the diffuse low density emission in the nuclear region. We detect and resolve the individual compact giant molecular cloud associations (GMAs) in the 1.4 kpc circumnuclear starburst ring and within the 350 pc nuclear region. The nucleus is brighter than the ring in both lines, and contributes to ~20% and ~30% to the total detected HCO+(J = 3-2) and HCN(J = 3-2) flux, within the central 1.4 kpc. The intensity ratios of HCN(J = 3-2)/HCO+(J = 3-2) are roughly unity in the GMAs of the starburst ring. However, this ratio is up to ~2 in the nuclear region. From the HCN(J = 3-2)/HCN(J = 1-0) ratio of <0.2 in the nucleus, we infer that the nuclear HCN(J = 3-2) emission might be optically thin. The HCO+(J = 3-2) and HCN(J...

Hsieh, Pei-Ying; Kohno, Kotaro; Hwang, Chorng-Yuan; Matsushita, Satoki

2012-01-01

24

InSAR Evidence for an active shallow thrust fault beneath the city of Spokane Washington, USA  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2001, a nearly five month long sequence of shallow, mostly small magnitude earthquakes occurred beneath the city of Spokane, a city with a population of about 200,000, in the state of Washington. During most of the sequence, the earthquakes were not well located because seismic instrumentation was sparse. Despite poor-quality locations, the earthquake hypocenters were likely very shallow, because residents near the city center both heard and felt many of the earthquakes. The combination of poor earthquake locations and a lack of known surface faults with recent movement make assessing the seismic hazards related to the earthquake swarm difficult. However, the potential for destruction from a shallow moderate-sized earthquake is high, for example Christchurch New Zealand in 2011, so assessing the hazard potential of a seismic structure involved in the Spokane earthquake sequence is important. Using interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from the European Space Agency ERS2 and ENVISAT satellites and the Canadian Space Agency RADARSAT-1, satellite we are able to show that slip on a shallow previously unknown thrust fault, which we name the Spokane Fault, is the source of the earthquake sequence. The part of the Spokane Fault that slipped during the 2001 earthquake sequence underlies the north part of the city, and slip on the fault was concentrated between ~0.3 and 2 km depth. Projecting the buried fault plane to the surface gives a possible surface trace for the Spokane Fault that strikes northeast from the city center into north Spokane.

Wicks, Charles; Weaver, Craig; Bodin, Paul; Sherrod, Brian

2013-03-01

25

75 FR 57375 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Toledo, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Establishment of Class E Airspace; Toledo, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...action will establish Class E airspace at Toledo, WA, to accommodate aircraft using a...rulemaking to amend controlled airspace at Toledo, WA (75 FR 33559). Interested...

2010-09-21

26

PROBING CIRCUMNUCLEAR ENVIRONMENTS WITH THE HCN(J = 3-2) AND HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2) LINES: CASE OF NGC 1097  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present the first interferometric HCN(J = 3-2) and HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2) maps in the circumnuclear region of NGC 1097, obtained with the Submillimeter Array. The goal is to study the characteristics of the dense gas associated with the starburst ring/Seyfert nucleus. With these transitions, we suppress the diffuse low density emission in the nuclear region. We detect and resolve the individual compact giant molecular cloud associations (GMAs) in the 1.4 kpc circumnuclear starburst ring and within the 350 pc nuclear region. The nucleus is brighter than the ring in both lines, and contributes {approx}20% and {approx}30% to the total detected HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2) and HCN(J = 3-2) flux, within the central 1.4 kpc. The intensity ratios of HCN(J = 3-2)/HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2) are roughly unity in the GMAs of the starburst ring. However, this ratio is up to {approx}2 in the nuclear region. From the HCN(J = 3-2)/HCN(J = 1-0) ratio of {<=}0.2 in the nucleus, we infer that the nuclear HCN(J = 3-2) emission might be optically thin. The HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2) and HCN(J = 3-2) show correlations with {sup 12}CO(J = 3-2) and the 24 {mu}m emission. The tight correlations of HCN(J = 3-2), HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2), and 24 {mu}m emission in the starburst ring suggest that the dense molecular gas and the dust are from the same origins of star-forming regions. On the other hand, the HCN(J = 3-2) emission of the nucleus is significantly enhanced, indicating mechanisms other than star formation, such as active galactic nucleus activities. A self-consistent check of the fractional abundance enhanced by X-ray ionization chemistry of the nucleus is possible with our observations.

Hsieh, Pei-Ying; Ho, Paul T. P.; Matsushita, Satoki [Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Kohno, Kotaro [Institute of Astronomy, University of Tokyo, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan); Hwang, Chorng-Yuan, E-mail: pyhsieh@asiaa.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, No. 300, Jhongda Road, Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 32001, Taiwan (China)

2012-03-10

27

WA80 BGO calorimetry electronics  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes instrumentation designed for BGO scintillator-based calorimetry of particles covering a very wide range of energies (from less than 50 MeV to 50 GeV). The instrumentation was designed to have a measurement accuracy of 0.1% over as much of the energy range as possible so the energy resolution of BGO would be the limiting factor. Two 1.5-cm{sup 2} photodiodes were used per 2.5 cm {times} 2.5 cm {times} 25 cm BGO crystal. Both a charge-sensitive preamplifier and a pulse processor were developed specifically for the needs of the WA80 experiment. The preamplifier was designed for high detector capacitance (100 to 700 pF), low integral and differential non-linearity and low power consumption (200 mW). The pulse processor is a time-invariant shaping amplifier with integral peak-detect-and-hold and automatic gain selection circuits. The amplifier use quasi-triangular shaping with 4 {mu}s peaking time, and the hold circuit is gated with a fast first level trigger. The system has more than 20 bits of effective resolution when used with an external 12-bit ADC. Results from beam tests at CERN are presented. 6 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Wintenberg, A.L.; Britton, C.L. Jr.; Ericson, M.N.; Maples, R.A.; Young, G.R.; Awes, T.C.

1991-10-31

28

WA80 BGO calorimetry electronics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This paper describes instrumentation designed for BGO scintillator-based calorimetry of particles covering a very wide range of energies (from less than 50 MeV to t0 GeV). The instrumentation was designed to have a measurement accuracy of 0.1% over as much of the energy range as possible so the energy resolution of BGO would be the limiting factor. Two 1.5-cm2 photodiodes were used per 2.5 cm x 2.5 cm x 25 cm BGO crystal. Both a charge-sensitive preamplifier and a pulse processor were developed specifically for the needs of the WA80 experiment. The preamplifier was designed for high detector capacitance (100 to 700 pF), low integral and differential non-linearity and low power consumption (200 mW). The pulse processor is a time-invariant shaping amplifier with integral peak-detect-and -hold and automatic gain selection circuits. The amplifier uses quasi-triangular shaping with 4 ?s peaking time, and the hold circuit is gated with a fast first level trigger. The preamplifier and pulse processor combination has more than 20 bits of effective resolution when used with an external 12-bit ADC. An array of BGO instrumented with 100 preamplifiers and pulse processors was used in beam tests at CERN. Preliminary results from those tests are presented

1992-01-01

29

WA80 BGO calorimetry electronics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes instrumentation designed for BGO scintillator-based calorimetry of particles covering a very wide range of energies (from less than 50 MeV to 50 GeV). The instrumentation was designed to have a measurement accuracy of 0.1% over as much of the energy range as possible so the energy resolution of BGO would be the limiting factor. Two 1.5-cm2 photodiodes were used per 2.5 cm x 2.5 cm x 25 cm BGO crystal. Both a charge-sensitive preamplifier and a pulse processor were developed specifically for the needs of the WA80 experiment. The preamplifier was designed for high detector capacitance (100 to 700 pF), low integral and differential non-linearity and low power consumption (200 mW). The pulse processor is a time-invariant shaping amplifier with integral peak-detect-and-hold and automatic gain selection circuits. The amplifier use quasi-triangular shaping with 4 ?s peaking time, and the hold circuit is gated with a fast first level trigger. The system has more than 20 bits of effective resolution when used with an external 12-bit ADC. Results from beam tests at CERN are presented. 6 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab

1991-01-01

30

78 FR 7448 - Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino...  

Science.gov (United States)

...public that the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) as lead agency, with the Spokane Tribe...indirect and growth inducing effects. The BIA serves as the Lead Agency for compliance...Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The BIA has afforded other government agencies...

2013-02-01

31

COLONIZATION OF BENTHIC INVERTEBRATES ON ARTIFICIAL SUBSTRATES IN THE SNAKE, SPOKANE, CLARK FORK, AND BEAR RIVER DRAINAGES, 1977  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted as part of a continuing monitoring program by the EPA on the physical, chemical, and biological parameters of waterways of the United States. The principal objective was to assess benthic invertebrate communities in the Snake, Spokane, Clark Fork, and Be...

32

Event simulation for the WA80 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The HIJET and LUND event generators are compared. It is concluded that for detector construction and design of experimental setups, the differences between the two models are marginal. The coverage of the WA80 setup in pseudorapidity and energy is demonstrated. The performance of some of the WA80 detectors (zero-degree calorimeter, wall calorimeter, multiplicity array, and SAPHIR lead-glass detector) is evaluated based on calculations with the LUND or the HIJET codes combined with codes simulating the detector responses. 9 refs., 3 figs

1986-01-01

33

Geochemistry of mineralized quartzite beds in the Spokane Formation (Belt Supergroup), Rogers Pass area, Lewis and Clark County, Montana  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The authors report that widely scattered, thin quartzite beds in the middle Proterozoic Spokane Formation of the Rogers Pass area are pervasively enriched in copper, silver, mercury, and barium, presumably as a result of late diagenetic (but prelithification) processes. A later (Tertiary) hydrothermal overprint in these same beds is seen in localized additions of silver, mercury, lead, arsenic, molybdenum, antimony, and germanium. One of the mineralized beds (the Alice Creek Mine) is actively being mined.

Connor, J.J.; McNeal, J.M.

1988-01-01

34

{Omega}{sup -} signal in WA85  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We have extracted from the full WA85 1990 data set a sample of 14 {Omega}{sup -}+anti {Omega}{sup -} candidates. We describe the selection criteria, and give a measurement of the anti {Omega}{sup -}/{Omega}{sup -} ratio at central rapidity and p{sub T}>1.6 GeV/c. (orig.)

Antinori, F. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Abatzis, S.; Andrighetto, A.; Barnes, R.P.; Bayes, A.C.; Benayoun, M.; Beusch, W.; Bravar, A.; Carney, J.N.; Cruz, B. de la; Di Bari, D.; Dufey, J.P.; Davies, J.P.; Elia, D.; Evans, D.; Fini, R.; French, B.R.; Ghidini, B.; Girone, M.; Helstrup, H.; Holme, A.K.; Jacholkowski, A.; Kahane, J.; Kinson, J.B.; Kirk, A.; Knudson, K.; Lassalle, J.C.; Lenti, V.; Leruste, P.; Manzari, V.; Navach, F.; Narjoux, J.L.; Penzo, A.; Quercigh, E.; Rossi, L.; Safarik, K.; Sene, M.; Sene, R.; Vassiliadis, G.; Villalobos Baillie, O.; Volte, A.; Vortruba, M.F. [Athens Univ., Nuclear Physics Dept. (Greece)]|[Dipt. di Fisica, Univ. Bari (Italy)]|[INFN, Bari (Italy)]|[Bergen Univ. (Norway)]|[Birmingham Univ. (United Kingdom)]|[CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)]|[College de France, 75 - Paris (France)]|[IN2P3, 75 - Paris (France)]|[CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)]|[INFN, Trieste (Italy); WA85 Collaboration

1994-01-03

35

75 FR 34154 - Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1265-0000-10137-S3] Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior...encompasses 5,218 acres along the lower Columbia River in Clark County, WA. Habitat types on the refuge include...

2010-06-16

36

Nutrient value protein of mutant J3 of agaricus blazei by irradiation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The studies of nutrient value protein of mutant J3 of Agaricus blazei were carried out. The results showed that mutant J3 had 9 kinds of essential amino acids, the compositions of essential amino acids is 46.0% of total amino acids. The amino acid score is 94.5, the essential amino acid index is 92.4, biological value is 89.0, the ratio coefficient of amino acids is 72.3, the nutrient value is 32.5. The chemical score is 74.18. These results proved that the protein of mutant J3 had high nutrient value

2003-01-01

37

Radon and remedial action in Spokane River Valley residences: an interim report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fifty-six percent of 46 residences monitored in the Spokane River Valley in eastern Washington/northern Idaho have indoor radon concentrations above the National Council for Radiation Protection (NCRP) guidelines of 8 pCi/1. Indoor levels were over 20 pCi/1 in eight homes, and ranged up to 132 pCi/1 in one house. Radon concentrations declined by factors of 4 to 38 during summer months. Measurements of soil emanation rates, domestic water supply concentrations, and building material flux rates indicate that diffusion of radon does not significantly contribute to the high concentrations observed. Rather, radon entry is dominated by pressure-driven bulk soil gas transport, aggravated by the local subsurface soil composition and structure. A variety of radon control strategies are being evaluated in 14 of these homes. Sub-surface ventilation by depressurization and overpressurization, basement overpressurization, and crawlspace ventilation are capable of successfully reducing radon levels below 5 pCi/1 in these homes. House ventilation is appropriate in buildings with low-moderate concentrations, while sealing of cracks has been relatively ineffective

1986-01-01

38

Radon and remedial action in Spokane River Valley residences: an interim report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fifty-six percent of 46 residences monitored in the Spokane River Valley in eastern Washington/northern Idaho have indoor radon concentrations above the National Council for Radiation Protection (NCRP) guidelines of 8 pCi/1. Indoor levels were over 20 pCi/1 in eight homes, and ranged up to 132 pCi/1 in one house. Radon concentrations declined by factors of 4 to 38 during summer months. Measurements of soil emanation rates, domestic water supply concentrations, and building material flux rates indicate that diffusion of radon does not significantly contribute to the high concentrations observed. Rather, radon entry is dominated by pressure-driven bulk soil gas transport, aggravated by the local subsurface soil composition and structure. A variety of radon control strategies are being evaluated in 14 of these homes. Sub-surface ventilation by depressurization and overpressurization, basement overpressurization, and crawlspace ventilation are capable of successfully reducing radon levels below 5 pCi/1 in these homes. House ventilation is appropriate in buildings with low-moderate concentrations, while sealing of cracks has been relatively ineffective.

Turk, B.H.; Prill, R.J.; Fisk, W.J.; Grimsrud, D.T.; Moed, B.A.; Sextro, R.G.

1986-03-01

39

Generation and verification of the multigroup constants library MGCL-J3 for nuclear criticality calculations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The new multigroup constants library called MGCL-J3 was generated from the latest Japanese evaluated nuclear data library JENDL-3. The library includes P3-scattering data and h-table to compensate for the effect of moderator mass on the resonance self-shielding factor (f-factor) due to the Bondarenko's method. Although MGCL-J3 has more information than MGCL-B-IV which was produced from American evaluated nuclear file ENDF/B-IV, it requires less memory space. MGCL-J3 can only be processed with the computer program MAIL3.0, which outputs a cross section set in a format adequate for subsequent neutron transport programs such as ANISN, KENO IV and so on. This report describes features of the MGCL-J3 library compared with the MGCL-B-IV, the method for generating the library and some results of criticality calculation by using the new library. (author)

1993-01-01

40

J3Gen: a PRNG for low-cost passive RFID.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Pseudorandom number generation (PRNG) is the main security tool in low-cost passive radio-frequency identification (RFID) technologies, such as EPC Gen2. We present a lightweight PRNG design for low-cost passive RFID tags, named J3Gen. J3Gen is based on a linear feedback shift register (LFSR) configured with multiple feedback polynomials. The polynomials are alternated during the generation of sequences via a physical source of randomness. J3Gen successfully handles the inherent linearity of LFSR based PRNGs and satisfies the statistical requirements imposed by the EPC Gen2 standard. A hardware implementation of J3Gen is presented and evaluated with regard to different design parameters, defining the key-equivalence security and nonlinearity of the design. The results of a SPICE simulation confirm the power-consumption suitability of the proposal.

Melià-Seguí J; Garcia-Alfaro J; Herrera-Joancomartí J

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

J3Gen: a PRNG for low-cost passive RFID.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pseudorandom number generation (PRNG) is the main security tool in low-cost passive radio-frequency identification (RFID) technologies, such as EPC Gen2. We present a lightweight PRNG design for low-cost passive RFID tags, named J3Gen. J3Gen is based on a linear feedback shift register (LFSR) configured with multiple feedback polynomials. The polynomials are alternated during the generation of sequences via a physical source of randomness. J3Gen successfully handles the inherent linearity of LFSR based PRNGs and satisfies the statistical requirements imposed by the EPC Gen2 standard. A hardware implementation of J3Gen is presented and evaluated with regard to different design parameters, defining the key-equivalence security and nonlinearity of the design. The results of a SPICE simulation confirm the power-consumption suitability of the proposal. PMID:23519344

Melià-Seguí, Joan; Garcia-Alfaro, Joaquin; Herrera-Joancomartí, Jordi

2013-03-19

42

The J-domain protein J3 mediates the integration of flowering signals in Arabidopsis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The timing of the switch from vegetative to reproductive development in Arabidopsis thaliana is controlled by an intricate network of flowering pathways, which converge on the transcriptional regulation of two floral pathway integrators, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS1 (SOC1). SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP) acts as a key flowering regulator that represses the expression of FT and SOC1. Here, we report the identification of another potent flowering promoter, Arabidopsis DNAJ HOMOLOG 3 (J3), which mediates the integration of flowering signals through its interaction with SVP. J3 encodes a type I J-domain protein and is ubiquitously expressed in various plant tissues. J3 expression is regulated by multiple flowering pathways. Loss of function of J3 results in a significant late-flowering phenotype, which is partly due to decreased expression of SOC1 and FT. We further show that J3 interacts directly with SVP in the nucleus and prevents in vivo SVP binding to SOC1 and FT regulatory sequences. Our results suggest a flowering mechanism by which J3 integrates flowering signals from several genetic pathways and acts as a transcriptional regulator to upregulate SOC1 and FT through directly attenuating SVP binding to their regulatory sequences during the floral transition.

Shen L; Kang YG; Liu L; Yu H

2011-02-01

43

Recent results from the WA98 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recent results of the WA98 experiment with Pb induced reactions at 158. A GeV are presented. The scaling properties of the transverse energy and the charged particle multiplicity at midrapidity with the number of participants is studied. Neutral pion spectra are compared to hydrodynamical parameterizations. The analysis of collective flow at target rapidity and at midrapidity is presented. The status of the study of direct photons and the search for isospin fluctuations is discussed.

1999-12-27

44

Antibacterial effects of enniatins J(1) and J(3) on pathogenic and lactic acid bacteria.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Enniatins (ENs) are N-methylated cyclohexadepsipeptides, secondary metabolites produced by various species of the genus Fusarium. They are known to act as antifungal, antiyeast and antibacterial and to possess antiinsecticidal and phytotoxic properties. In this study we evaluated for the first time the antibiotic effect of pure fractions of EN J(1) and J(3) on several pathogenic strains and lactic acid bacteria. The ENs J(1) and J(3) were purified from the fermentation extract of Fusarium solani growth on solid medium of wheat kamut, using the technique of the low pressure liquid chromatography (LPLC) followed by a semipreparative liquid chromatography (LC). The purity and the structure of the isolated compound were confirmed by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry study-linear ion trap (ESI-MS-LIT). The use of both chromatographic techniques have permitted to produce and purify 47mg of the En J(1) and 50mg of the EN J(3) with a mean purity of 98% completely characterized with the technique of the ESI-MS-LIT. Microbial bioassay analyses were carried out by incubation in MRSA and TSA for acid lactic and pathogenic bacteria, respectively during 24h at 37°C. None of the tested strains were inhibited by a 1ng dose of EN J(1) and J(3). These compounds were only not effective against Listeria monocytogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella enteric. This study highlight ENs J(1) and J(3) could be potentially effective antibacterial agents against several pathogenic and lactic acid bacteria.

Sebastià N; Meca G; Soriano JM; Mañes J

2011-10-01

45

Antibacterial effects of enniatins J(1) and J(3) on pathogenic and lactic acid bacteria.  

Science.gov (United States)

Enniatins (ENs) are N-methylated cyclohexadepsipeptides, secondary metabolites produced by various species of the genus Fusarium. They are known to act as antifungal, antiyeast and antibacterial and to possess antiinsecticidal and phytotoxic properties. In this study we evaluated for the first time the antibiotic effect of pure fractions of EN J(1) and J(3) on several pathogenic strains and lactic acid bacteria. The ENs J(1) and J(3) were purified from the fermentation extract of Fusarium solani growth on solid medium of wheat kamut, using the technique of the low pressure liquid chromatography (LPLC) followed by a semipreparative liquid chromatography (LC). The purity and the structure of the isolated compound were confirmed by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry study-linear ion trap (ESI-MS-LIT). The use of both chromatographic techniques have permitted to produce and purify 47mg of the En J(1) and 50mg of the EN J(3) with a mean purity of 98% completely characterized with the technique of the ESI-MS-LIT. Microbial bioassay analyses were carried out by incubation in MRSA and TSA for acid lactic and pathogenic bacteria, respectively during 24h at 37°C. None of the tested strains were inhibited by a 1ng dose of EN J(1) and J(3). These compounds were only not effective against Listeria monocytogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella enteric. This study highlight ENs J(1) and J(3) could be potentially effective antibacterial agents against several pathogenic and lactic acid bacteria. PMID:21742008

Sebastià, Natividad; Meca, Giuseppe; Soriano, José Miguel; Mañes, Jordi

2011-07-01

46

A study of Ca 4p1/2,3/2nd (J = 3) autoionizing states  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The spectral properties of Ca 4pnd (J = 3) autoionizing states have been studied by employing the combination of multichannel quantum defect theory (MQDT) with the K-matrix method. The cross section of 4p3/215d excited from 4s15d and energy levels of 4pnd (J = 3) are calculated by using a theoretical model with more complete channels, and the configuration interaction is analysed in detail between 4p1/2nd, 4p3/2nd3/2,5/2 and 4p1/2,3/2ng of five Rydberg series.

2007-01-01

47

Results from CERN experiment WA80  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

As in the case of most of the experiments discussed at this conference, the primary goal of WA80 is a search for evidence that a quark-gluon plasma (QGP) has been formed, or that some similar phase transition has taken place. A number of signatures for QGP formation have been suggested, and most experiments have been designed so as to obtain data that pertain to one or more of these signatures. In the case of WA80, the primary probe for the investigation of the QGP is the measurement of photons that may be emitted from the plasma phase. An understanding of the various QGP signatures, however, requires an understanding of the background created by reaction products that do not relate directly to QGP production and thus requires a thorough understanding of the reaction mechanism governing nucleus-nucleus collisions at these extreme energies. Consequently, another important goal of WA80 is to survey nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 and 200 GeV/nucleon and to compare the results to those obtained from proton-nucleus interactions. We have pursued this second goal by measuring forward and transverse energies, by studying the multiplicities of produced charged particles over a large range of pseudorapidity, by investigating transverse momentum spectra of neutral products, and by examining target fragmentation products. In this paper we review all of our results obtained with 60- and 200-GeV/nucleon /sup 16/O projectiles, with the exception of charged-particle multiplicity data, which are discussed in a separate presentation at this conference. We also present the first preliminary calorimeter results from /sup 32/S bombardments at 6.4 TeV. 22 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

Gutbrod, H.H.; Plasil, F.; Albrecht, R.; Awes, T.C.; Baktash, C.; Beckmann, P.; Berger, F.; Bock, R.; Claesson, G.; Dragon, L.

1988-01-01

48

AN EXAMINATION OF THE NUTRIENT AND HEAVY METALS BUDGET IN THE SPOKANE RIVER BETWEEN POST FALLS AND HANGMANS CREEK, IDAHO. 1979-1981  

Science.gov (United States)

High concentrations of heavy metals and the nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus are major water quality problems in the Spokane River, Idaho (17010305) and its tributaries. Heavy metals are in quantity sufficiently high to exceed the 24-hour average criterion given by the USEPA (1...

49

75 FR 33556 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Port Angeles, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Port Angeles, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...Fairchild International Airport, Port Angeles, WA. The Ediz Hook Nondirectional Radio...Fairchild International Airport, Port Angeles, WA. This action is necessary...

2010-06-14

50

75 FR 33559 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Toledo, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Toledo, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...proposes to establish Class E airspace at Toledo, WA, to accommodate aircraft using a...Memorial Field- South Lewis County Airport, Toledo, WA. Controlled airspace is...

2010-06-14

51

78 FR 25005 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Port Townsend, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Establishment of Class E Airspace; Port Townsend, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...Jefferson County International Airport, Port Townsend, WA. Controlled airspace is necessary...Jefferson County International Airport, Port Townsend, WA. Controlled airspace within a...

2013-04-29

52

Results from CERN experiment WA80  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The two primary goals of the WA80 collaboration are to survey nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 and 200 GeVnucleon and to compare the results to those obtained from proton-nucleus interactions and to search for evidence that a quark-gluon plasma has been formed or that some similar phase transition has taken place. One of the ways to pursue the first goal is by means of forward and transverse energy measurements. These relate to important quantities such as the degree of nuclear stopping, the magnitude of attained energy densities, and the level at which collective effects manifest themselves. These measurements and their interpretation were discussed during the oral presentation at this meeting for both 16O- and 32S-induced reactions. Since the 16O results are now published, we present here only the preliminary unpublished 32S transverse energy distributions. In addition, we show sample results obtained with the single-arm photon spectrometer, SAPHIR, and with the Plastic Ball. 8 refs., 3 figs.

1988-01-01

53

Results from CERN experiment WA80  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The two primary goals of the WA80 collaboration are to survey nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 and 200 GeVnucleon and to compare the results to those obtained from proton-nucleus interactions and to search for evidence that a quark-gluon plasma has been formed or that some similar phase transition has taken place. One of the ways to pursue the first goal is by means of forward and transverse energy measurements. These relate to important quantities such as the degree of nuclear stopping, the magnitude of attained energy densities, and the level at which collective effects manifest themselves. These measurements and their interpretation were discussed during the oral presentation at this meeting for both /sup 16/O- and /sup 32/S-induced reactions. Since the /sup 16/O results are now published, we present here only the preliminary unpublished /sup 32/S transverse energy distributions. In addition, we show sample results obtained with the single-arm photon spectrometer, SAPHIR, and with the Plastic Ball. 8 refs., 3 figs.

Plasil, F.; Albrecht, R.; Awes, T.C.; Baktash, C.; Beckmann, P.; Berger, F.; Bock, R.; Claesson, G.; Dragon, L.; Ferguson, R.L.

1988-01-01

54

D0 Silicon Upgrade: CTF Front End Crate J2/J3 BAckplane Specification  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

GENERAL PHYSICAL LAYOUT: (1) The backplane is comprised of 2 identical sections, the upper half designated J1, and the lower half designated j3; (2) For each section, there are a total of 16 slots, designated 1 through 16, from left to right; (3) Odd numbered slots are left handed (Connectors to the left of the card), these slots utilize inverse DIN connectors; (4) Even numbered slots are right handed (Connectors to the right of the card), these slots utilize standard DIN connectors; (5) There are 2 60 pin daisy-chain headers associated with each section, 3M part number 3597-6003; (6) The headers associated with the J2 (upper) section are designated J2CHAINR and J2CHAINL; (7) The headers associated with the J3 (lower) section are designated J3CHAINL and J3CHAINR; and (8) Mechanical layout presented in drawing number 3823.113-MD-330045. TRIGGER SIGNALS: (1) There are 21 trigger signal which originate from a given slot and are routed to the slot immediately to the left and 21 trigger signals which originate from a given slot and are routed to the slot immediately to the right; (2) There are 21 trigger signals which originate from the slot immediately to the left of a given slot and 21 trigger signals which originate from the slot immediately to the right a given slot; (3) The signal are designated TRIGjk-n, when j is the source slot, k is the destination slot, and n is the signal number; (4) These signals shall be implemented as 100 ohm microstip above ground plane; and (5) No terminations. DC POWER: (1) Each slot is supplied with DC power on the connector pins designated as VCC and GND; (2) VCC and GND originates at rear of the backplane via press-in power terminals, their locations are shown in drawing number 3823.113-MD-330045; (3) Power shall be bypassed at 2 locations with a 10uF tantalum capacitor in parallel with a .01uF 100V ceramic capacitor; and (4) The total ampacity supplied by each DIN connector is 3.6 amps.

Baert, Mark; /Fermilab

1995-07-03

55

Augmentation of seasonal low stream flows by artificial recharge in the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie aquifer of Idaho and Washington, USA  

Science.gov (United States)

Conjunctive management of surface water and groundwater requires sophisticated spatial and temporal analysis. In situations involving multiple jurisdictions such as state boundaries, management problems are magnified due to often conflicting regulations and policies. A transient MODFLOW model of the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie (SVRP) aquifer/river system mutually accepted by both the states of Idaho and Washington, USA, was used to evaluate regional solutions to potential water shortages through the use of strategically placed infiltration basins or injection wells. Artificial recharge of the SVRP aquifer was simulated using diversions from Lake Pend Oreille during winter periods when flows are high and excess water is available. Alternative locations for potential wells and detention basins were examined. Lag times for the water to impact stream/groundwater interaction areas along the Spokane River were evaluated to assess the potential for augmenting stream flows from July through September. Results indicated that the aquifer could be used to improve low-flow season streamflow values utilizing both infiltration basins and injection wells with winter surface water diversions. Depending on the location, as much as 30% of the winter diversion rate could be lagged to improve summer flows at the Spokane gage. Thus, a regional mitigation strategy is scientifically feasible.

Barber, Michael E.; Hossain, Akram; Covert, John J.; Gregory, Guy J.

2009-09-01

56

Protein nutrient value of Agaricus bazei murrill mutant J3 induced by 60Co ?-irradiation in different generations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Protein nutritional values of Agaricus bazei Murrill mutant J3 and original strain J1 were compared by non-biological evaluation methods. The results showed that five protein indexes in the fruitbodies of M1 and M6 generations of Agaricus bazei Murrill mutant J3 were higher than that of original strain J1; four protein indexes in M4 and M5 generations were higher than that of original strain J1; and six protein indexes in M2 and M3 generations were higher than that of original strain J1. It was concluded that the protein nutritional values of Agaricus bazei Murrill mutant J3 was better than that of original strain J1. Except the ratio scores of amino acids had little change in the different generations, the other indexes in strain J3 Agaricus bazei Murrill showed that the heredity efficiencies of the proteins was rather stable. (authors)

2004-01-01

57

Effects of dietary supplementation of probiotic Shewanella colwelliana WA64, Shewanella olleyana WA65 on the innate immunity and disease resistance of abalone, Haliotis discus hannai Ino.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The effects of dietary administration of two probiotics, Shewanella colwelliana WA64 and Shewanella olleyana WA65, on the innate immunity of abalone (Haliotis discus hannai Ino), and survival of juvenile abalone challenged with Vibrio harveyi have been studied. Two groups of abalone were fed with three different diets: one control, and two diets supplemented with 10(9) cell g(-1) of probiotic WA64 (WA64 diet) and WA65 (WA65 diet) for up to four weeks. Results showed that abalone fed diets containing S. colwelliana WA64 and S. olleyana WA65 had led to an enhanced cellular and humoral immune response, notably higher haemocytes, respiratory burst activity, serum lysozyme activity and total protein levels were recorded after one week of probiotic administration. On the other hand, mortality after the challenges with V. harveyi in the group fed with control diet ranged from 77 to 80%, while mortality rates observed in the groups fed with diets supplemented with WA64 and WA65 ranged from 27 to 50% and 30-43%, respectively. The results demonstrated potential for S. colwelliana WA64 and S. olleyana WA65 to improve innate immunity and disease resistance in H. discus hannai.

Jiang HF; Liu XL; Chang YQ; Liu MT; Wang GX

2013-07-01

58

CYP2J3 gene delivery up-regulated adiponectin expression via reduced endoplasmic reticulum stress in adipocytes.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Ample evidences demonstrate that cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid into epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which play crucial and diverse roles in cardiovascular homeostasis. We and others have identified that EETs exert a beneficial role on insulin resistance and diabetes. This study investigated the effects of CYP2J3 epoxygenase gene delivery on adiponectin expression in rats treated with high-fat (HF) diet. CYP2J3 gene delivery in vivo increased EET generation, enhanced adiponectin expression and secretion and accompanied by activation of adiponectin downstream signaling, and decreased insulin resistance as determined by plasma insulin levels, insulin resistance index and glucose tolerance test, as well as phosphorylation of protein kinase B in both liver and muscle. Furthermore, CYP2J3 overexpression prevented HF diet-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in adipose tissue of rats. Also, CYP2J3 gene transfection and exogenous administration of EETs inhibited thapsigargin-induced ER stress with increased adiponectin expression and secretion in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Thus, CYP2J3 gene delivery up-regulated adiponectin expression and excretion in adipose tissue of rats treated with HF diet through inhibition of ER stress, which can decrease adiponectin expression. These results further highlight the beneficial roles of the CYP epoxygenase 2J3 and its metabolites EETs on adiponectin expression and secretion.

Xu X; Tu L; Feng W; Ma B; Li R; Zheng C; Li G; Wang DW

2013-05-01

59

CYP2J3 gene delivery up-regulated adiponectin expression via reduced endoplasmic reticulum stress in adipocytes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ample evidences demonstrate that cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid into epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which play crucial and diverse roles in cardiovascular homeostasis. We and others have identified that EETs exert a beneficial role on insulin resistance and diabetes. This study investigated the effects of CYP2J3 epoxygenase gene delivery on adiponectin expression in rats treated with high-fat (HF) diet. CYP2J3 gene delivery in vivo increased EET generation, enhanced adiponectin expression and secretion and accompanied by activation of adiponectin downstream signaling, and decreased insulin resistance as determined by plasma insulin levels, insulin resistance index and glucose tolerance test, as well as phosphorylation of protein kinase B in both liver and muscle. Furthermore, CYP2J3 overexpression prevented HF diet-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in adipose tissue of rats. Also, CYP2J3 gene transfection and exogenous administration of EETs inhibited thapsigargin-induced ER stress with increased adiponectin expression and secretion in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Thus, CYP2J3 gene delivery up-regulated adiponectin expression and excretion in adipose tissue of rats treated with HF diet through inhibition of ER stress, which can decrease adiponectin expression. These results further highlight the beneficial roles of the CYP epoxygenase 2J3 and its metabolites EETs on adiponectin expression and secretion. PMID:23515292

Xu, Xizhen; Tu, Ling; Feng, Wenjing; Ma, Ben; Li, Rui; Zheng, Changlong; Li, Geng; Wang, Dao Wen

2013-03-20

60

Wide field CO J = 3 ? 2 mapping of the Serpens cloud core  

Science.gov (United States)

Context. Outflows provide indirect means to gain insight into diverse star formation-associated phenomena. At the level of individual protostellar cores, both outflows and the intrinsic core properties can be used to study the mass accretion/ejection process of heavily embedded protostellar sources. Aims: The main objective of the paper is to study the overall outflow distribution and its association with the young population of the Serpens Core cluster. In addition, the paper addresses the correlation of the outflow momentum flux with the bolometric luminosity of their driving sources using this homogeneous dataset for a single star-forming site. Methods: An area comprising 460” × 230” of the Serpens cloud core was mapped in 12CO J = 3 ? 2 with the HARP-B heterodyne array at the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope; J = 3 ? 2 observations are more sensitive tracers of hot outflow gas than lower J CO transitions; combined with the high sensitivity of the HARP-B receptors outflows are sharply outlined, enabling their association with individual protostellar cores. Results: Most of ~20 observed outflows are found to be associated with known protostellar sources in bipolar or unipolar configurations. All but two outflow/core pairs in our sample tend to have a projected orientation spanning roughly NW-SE. The overall momentum driven by outflows in Serpens lies between 3.2 and 5.1 × 10-1 M_? km s-1, the kinetic energy from 4.3 to 6.7 × 1043 erg, and momentum flux is between 2.8 and 4.4 × 10-4 M_? km s-1 yr-1. Bolometric luminosities of protostellar cores based on Spitzer photometry are found up to an order of magnitude lower than previous estimations derived with IRAS/ISO data. Conclusions: We confirm the validity of the existing correlations between the momentum flux and bolometric luminosity of Class I sources for the homogenous sample of Serpens, though we suggest that they should be revised by a shift to lower luminosities. All protostars classified as Class 0 sources stand well above the known Class I correlations, indicating a decline in momentum flux between the two classes.

Dionatos, O.; Nisini, B.; Codella, C.; Giannini, T.

2010-11-01

 
 
 
 
61

Wide field CO J = 3¿2 mapping of the Serpens Cloud Core  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Context. Outflows provide indirect means to get an insight on diverse star formation associated phenomena. On scales of individual protostellar cores, outflows combined with intrinsic core properties can be used to study the mass accretion/ejection process of heavily embedded protostellar sources. Aims. The main objective of the paper is to study the overall outflow distribution and association with the young population of the Serpens Core cluster. In addition, the paper addresses the correlation of the outflow momentum flux with the bolometric luminosity of their driving sources using this homogeneous dataset for a single star forming site. Methods. An area comprising 460''×230'' of the Serpens cloud core has been mapped in 12CO J = 3¿2 with the HARP-B heterodyne array at the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope; J = 3¿2 observations are more sensitive tracers of hot outflow gas than lower J CO transitions; combined with the high sensitivity of the HARP-B receptors outflows are sharply outlined, enabling their association with individual protostellar cores. Results. Most of ~20 observed outflows are found to be associated with known protostellar sources in bipolar or unipolar config- urations. All but two outflow/core pairs in our sample tend to have a projected orientation spanning roughly NW-SE. The overall momentum driven by outflows in Serpens lies between 3.2 and 5.1 × 10-1 M¿km s-1, the kinetic energy from 4.3 to 6.7 × 1043 erg and momentum flux is between 2.8 and 4.4 × 10-4 M¿ km s-1 yr-1. Bolometric luminosities of protostellar cores based on Spitzer photometry are found up to an order of magnitude lower than previous estimations derived with IRAS/ISO data. Conclusions. We confirm the validity of the existing correlations between the momentum flux and bolometric luminosity of Class I sources for the homogenous sample of Serpens, though we suggest that they should be revised by a shift to lower luminosities. All protostars classified as Class 0 sources stand well above the known Class I correlations, indicating a decline in momentum flux between the two classes.

Dionatos, Odyssefs; Nisini, Brunella

2010-01-01

62

HCO+ AND HCN J = 3-2 ABSORPTION TOWARD THE CENTER OF CENTAURUS A  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have investigated the presence of dense gas toward the radio source Cen A by looking at the absorption of the HCO+ and HCN (3-2) lines in front of the bright continuum source with the Submillimeter Array. We detect narrow HCO+ (3-2) absorption, and tentatively HCN (3-2), close to the systemic velocity. For both molecules, the J = 3 - 2 absorption is much weaker than for the J = 1 - 0 line. From simple excitation analysis, we conclude that the gas density is of the order of a few 104 cm-3 for a column density N(HCO+)/?V of 3 x 1012 cm-2 km-1 s and a kinetic temperature of 10 K. In particular, we find no evidence for molecular gas density higher than a few 104 cm-3 on the line of sight to the continuum source. We discuss the implications of our finding on the nature of the molecular gas responsible for the absorption toward Cen A.

2009-05-01

63

Association of forkhead box J3 (FOXJ3) polymorphisms with rheumatoid arthritis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the forkhead box J3 (FOXJ3) gene and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). For the association studies, 307 patients with RA and 476 control patients without RA were recruited. Eleven SNPs (rs2282404, rs2455084, rs1393009, rs7539485, rs4660616, rs510157, rs343386, rs12732892, rs343389, rs343376 and rs585320) were genotyped using direct sequencing and the resulting data were analyzed using the SNPStats, Haploview and Helixtree programs. Seven SNPs (rs2455084, rs1393009, rs7539485, rs4660616, rs510157, rs343386 and rs343389) were associated with RA in three alternative models (log?additive, dominant and recessive models; P<0.05). A strong linkage disequilibrium block, including all 11 SNPs, was constructed using the Gabriel method. Two haplotypes, TCCTTGTCTTT and TCTTCTGTCAC, were significantly associated with RA (P<0.05). In clinical characteristic analysis, the SNP rs585320 was also associated with the anti?cyclic citrullinated peptide. These results suggest that FOXJ3 may be associated with the development of RA. PMID:23933633

Ban, Ju Yeon; Park, Hae Jeong; Kim, Su Kang; Kim, Jong Woo; Lee, Yeon-Ah; Choi, In-Ah; Chung, Joo-Ho; Hong, Seung-Jae

2013-08-09

64

The Application of Eulan WA New to Wool.  

Science.gov (United States)

Conditions for maximum efficiency of application to wool of the mothproofing compound, Eulan WA new, have been determined. These are that the cloth shall be neutral to slightly acidic, the application bath should have a pH between 4.0 and 7.0 at a tempera...

G. T. Egglestone G. Southwell

1977-01-01

65

33 CFR 100.1307 - Special Local Regulations, Strait Thunder Performance, Port Angeles, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Regulations, Strait Thunder Performance, Port Angeles, WA. 100.1307 Section 100.1307...Regulations, Strait Thunder Performance, Port Angeles, WA. (a) Regulated Areas. (1...the following points located near Port Angeles, Washington: Point 1:...

2010-07-01

66

76 FR 73664 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA AGENCY: National Park...Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology (WSU) has completed an inventory...Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA 99164-4910,...

2011-11-29

67

75 FR 14463 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA. The human remains...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology and Burke Museum staff in...

2010-03-25

68

75 FR 14467 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Pierce College District, Lakewood, WA, and Thomas Burke Memorial...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Inventory Completion: Pierce College District, Lakewood, WA, and Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington...District, Lakewood, WA, and in the physical custody of the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum),...

2010-03-25

69

75 FR 51173 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Port Angeles, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Amendment of Class E Airspace; Port Angeles, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...amend existing Class E airspace at Port Angeles, WA. The Ediz Hook Nondirectional Radio...rulemaking to amend controlled airspace at Port Angeles, WA (75 FR 33556). Interested...

2010-08-19

70

Nuclear heating constant KERMA library. Nuclear heating constant library for fusion nuclear group constant set FUSION-J3.  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on evaluated nuclear data file JENDL-3, published in April 1990, we produced a nuclear group constant KERMA library for fusion nuclear group constant set FUSION-J3 instead of the KERMA library for GICX40. Neutron KERMA factors were calculated direct...

K. Maki Y. Seki H. Kawasaki K. Kosako

1991-01-01

71

CYP2J3 Gene Delivery Reduces Insulin Resistance via Upregulation of eNOS in Fructose-treated Rats  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Accumulating evidence suggests that cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid into epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) which play important roles in various pathophysiological processes. Interestingly, CYP-derived eicosanoids are vasodilatory, at least in part through their ability to activate eNOS and subsequent NO release. This study investigated the roles of eNOS in CYP2J3 gene delivery reducing blood pressure and improving insulin resistance in fructose-treated rats. CYP2J3 overexpression in vivo increased EET generation, reduced blood pressure and reversed insulin resistance as determined by insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR). Furthermore, administration of eNOS inhibitor L-NMMA significantly and partially abolished the beneficial effects of CYP2J3 gene delivery on hypertension and insulin resistance induced by fructose intake, and possible mechanism is associated with increased ET-1, ETA-receptor mRNA expression and reduced sensitivity of insulin to peripheral tissues and organs characterized by reduced activity of IRS-1/PI3K/AKT and AMPK signalling pathways. These data provide direct evidence that CYP2J3-derived EETs may alleviate insulin resistance at least in part through upregulated eNOS expression.

Xu Xizhen; Tu Ling; Wang Luyun; Fang Xiaosai; Wang Dao Wen

2011-01-01

72

A CO J=3-2 map of M51 with HARP-B: Radial properties of the spiral structure  

CERN Multimedia

We present the first complete CO J=3-2 map of the nearby grand-design spiral galaxy M51 (NGC 5194), at a spatial resolution of ~600 pc, obtained with the HARP-B instrument on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. The map covers the entire optical galaxy disk and out to the companion NGC 5195, with CO J=3-2 emission detected over an area of ~9'x6' (~21x14 kpc). We describe the CO J=3-2 integrated intensity map and combine our results with maps of CO J=2-1, CO J=1-0 and other data from the literature to investigate the variation of the molecular gas, atomic gas and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) properties of M51 as a function of distance along the spiral structure on sub-kpc scales. We find that for the CO J=3-2 and CO J=2-1 transitions there is a clear difference between the variation of arm and inter-arm emission with galactocentric radius, with the inter-arm emission relatively constant with radius and the contrast between arm and inter-arm emission decreasing with radius. For CO J=1-0 and HI the variat...

Vlahakis, C; Israel, F P; Tilanus, R P J

2013-01-01

73

Outcomes of senior reach gatekeeper referrals: comparison of the Spokane gatekeeper program, Colorado Senior Reach, and Mid-Kansas Senior Outreach.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Outcomes of older adults referred for care management and mental health services through the senior reach gatekeeper model of case finding were examined in this study and compared with the Spokane gatekeeper model Colorado Senior Reach and the Mid-Kansas Senior Outreach (MKSO) programs are the two Senior Reach Gatekeeper programs modeled after the Spokane program, employing the same community education and gatekeeper model and with mental health treatment for elderly adults in need of support. The three mature programs were compared on seniors served isolation, and depression ratings. Nontraditional community gatekeepers were trained and referred seniors in need. Findings indicate that individuals served by the two Senior Reach Gatekeeper programs demonstrated significant improvements. Isolation indicators such as social isolation decreased and depression symptoms and suicide ideation also decreased. These findings for two Senior Reach Gatekeeper programs demonstrate that the gatekeeper approach to training community partners worked in referring at-risk seniors in need in meeting their needs, and in having a positive impact on their lives.

Bartsch DA; Rodgers VK; Strong D

2013-01-01

74

The photon calorimeter for experiment WA3 at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] We describe the design characteristics and the calibration of the photondetector used in the WA3 experiment. Its main features are: sensitive area of 3 m x 1.5 m, energy resolution for photons sigma(E)/E approximately 0.015 + 0.14/?E(GEV)E(GeV) and two-dimensional readout with spatial resolution sigma = 2.5 mm. (orig.)[de] Wir beschreiben die Eichung und die Charakteristiken der Auslegung des im WA3-Experiment verwendeten Photonendetektors. Seine wichtigsten Zuege sind: Ein empfindlicher Bereich von 3m x 1,5m, eine Energieaufloesung fuer Photonen von sigma(E)/E ca. 0,015 + 0,14/?E(GEV)) und zweidimensionale Auslesung mit einer raeumlichen Aufloesung con sigma = 2,5 mm (orig.)

1979-01-01

75

WA80 multiplicity results at 200 A GeV  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Multiplicity results are presented from the WA80 setup at CERN. Pseudorapidity, eta, and multiplicity distributions from {sup 32}S induced reactions in the interval -1.7 < eta < 4.0 are shown. The role of low energy protons in p+A interactions is investigated using the Plastic Ball detector covering -1.7 < eta < 1.0 and the Midrapidity Calorimeter (MIRAC) in the interval 2.4 < eta < 5.5. (orig.).

Eklund, A.; Idh, J.; Claesson, G.; Garpman, S.I.A.; Gustafsson, H.A.; Oskarsson, A.; Otterlund, I.; Persson, S.; Stenlund, E. (Lund Univ. (Sweden). Div. of Cosmic and Subatomic Physics); Albrecht, R.; Bock, R.; Gutbrod, H.H.; Kolb, B.W.; Lund, I.; Schmidt, H.R.; Siemiarczuk, T. (Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany, F.R.)); Awes, T.C.; Baktash, C.; Ferguson, R.; Lee, I.Y.; Plasil, F.; Saini, S.; Tincknell, M.L.; Young, G.R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Beckmann, P.; Berger, F.; Clewing, G.; Glasow, R.; Dragon, L.; Kampert, K.H.; Loehner, H.; Peitzmann, T.; Purschke, M.; Santo, R.; Steffens, K.; Stueken, D. (Muenster Univ. (Germany, F.R.). Inst. fuer Kernphysik); Franz, A. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA). Nuclear Science Div. Tennessee Univ., Knoxville (USA)); Jacobs, P.; Poskanzer, A.M.; Ritter, H.G. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA). Nuclear Science Div.); Kristiansson, P. (Lund Univ. (Sweden). Div. of Cosmic and Subatomic Physics Lawrence Be; WA80 Collaboration

1991-04-01

76

Korean WA-DGNSS User Segment Software Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Korean WA-DGNSS is a large scale research project funded by Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs Korea. It aims to augment the Global Navigation Satellite System by broadcasting additional signals from geostationary satellites and providing differential correction messages and integrity data for the GNSS satellites. The project is being carried out by a consortium of universities and research institutes. The research team at Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute is involved in design and development of data processing softwares for wide area reference station and user segment. This paper focuses on user segment software design. Korean WA-DGNSS user segment software is designed to perform several functions such as calculation of pseudorange, ionosphere and troposphere delays, application of fast and slow correction messages, and data verification. It is based on a layered architecture that provides a model to develop flexible and reusable software and is divided into several independent, interchangeable and reusable components to reduce complexity and maintenance cost. The current version is designed to collect and process GPS and WA-DGNSS data however it is flexible to accommodate future GNSS systems such as GLONASS and Galileo.

Sayed Chhattan Shah; Wan Sik Choi; Woo Yong Han; H. Yun; Changdon Kee

2013-01-01

77

FSXLIB-J3R2 : A continuous energy cross section library for MCNP based on JENDL-3.2  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The continuous energy cross section library for the Monte Carlo transport code MCNP, FSXLIB-J3R2, has been generated from the latest version of Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library Version 3 Revision 2 (JENDL-3.2) released in June, 1994. The nuclear data processing system, NJOY, and the compilation and verification code for MCNP libraries, MACROS, have been employed to produce the library after necessary modifications. Validity of the generated library has been confirmed by comparing it with JENDL-3.2. The FSXLIB-J3R2 library contains all the 340 nuclides stored in JENDL-3.2, and it is expected that the library will widely contribute to the field of nuclear energy. (author).

Kosako, Kazuaki [Sumitomo Atomic Energy Industries Ltd., Osaka (Japan); Maekawa, Fujio; Oyama, Yukio; Uno, Yoshitomo; Maekawa, Hiroshi

1994-12-01

78

Development of the fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2R based on the JENDL-3.2  

CERN Multimedia

It is reported that the fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2 based on the newest evaluated nuclear data library JENDL3.2 has a serious error in the process of applying the weighting function. As the error affects greatly nuclear characteristics, and a corrected version of the reactor constant set, JFS-3-J3.2R, was developed, as well as lumped FP cross sections. The use of JFS-3-J3.2R improves the results of analyses especially on sample Doppler reactivity and reaction rate in the blanket region in comparison with those obtained using the JFS-3-J3.2.

Chiba, G

2002-01-01

79

Review of strange particle production from the WA85 Collaboration  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Strange and, especially, multistrange baryon and anti-baryon production is expected to be a useful probe in the search for Quark-Gluon Plasma formation. A review of WA85 results on strange and multistrange particle production in SW and pW interactions at 200 GeV/c per nucleons is presented. In particular, {ital m}{sub {ital T}} distributions and relative ratios are presented for {Xi}{sup {minus}}s, {bar {Xi}}{sup {minus}}s, {Lambda}s, {bar {Lambda}}s, and {ital K}{sup 0}s. {copyright} 1995 {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Abatzis, S. [Athens University, Athens (Greece); Andrighetto, A.; Antinori, F.; Barnes, R.P.; Bayes, A.C.; Benayoun, M.; Beusch, W.; Carney, J.N.; de la Cruz, B.; Di Bari, D.; Dufey, J.P.; Davies, J.P.; Elia, D.; Evans, D.; Fini, R.; French, B.R.; Ghidini, B.; Helstrup, H.; Holme, A.K.; Jacholkowski, A.; Kahane, J.; Kinson, J.B.; Kirk, A.; Knudson, K.; Lassale, J.C.; Lenti, V.; Leruste, P.; Manzari, V.; Navach, F.; Narjoux, J.L.; Quercigh, E.; Rossi, L.; Safarrik, K.; Sene, M.; Sene, R.; Storas, T.; Vassiliadis, G.; Villalobos Baillie, O.; Volte, A.; Votruba, M.F.; D. Evans for the WA85 Collaboration

1995-07-20

80

Recent results from the WA80 experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results from the WA80 experiment on systematics of global observables, dET/d? and dNch/d?, as well as on spectra of identified particles are presented. Special attention is given to the target fragmentation region where two-pion correlations and proton distributions have been measured. Incorporation of strong rescattering phenomena into string models is found to provide a good description of most experimental data. Deviations to this are pointed out. The present status of the ?thermal/?0 ratio as a signal of the quark gluon plasma is discussed

1991-11-11

 
 
 
 
81

J/psi production mechanisms from the WA11 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Psi production mechanisms in ?-Be interactions at 190 GeV/c are studied in the WA11 open spectrometer (Goliath). The study of associated hadrons gives information on production of charmonium states (qantiq or gg ? cantic) and on correlations in multiplicity, electric charge and strangeness. This is particularly interesting for high transverse momentum psis where additional mechanisms are expected (qantiq, qg ? psig ; psiq). The shape of the xsub(F) distribution of all psis permits an estimation of the gluon structure function of the pion; for high Psub(T) psis, a comparison is made with models

1983-01-01

82

Recent results from the WA80 experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results from the WA80 experiment on systematics of global observables, dET/d? and dNch/d?, as well as on spectra of identified particles are presented. Special attention is given to the target fragmentation region where two-pion correlations and proton distributions have been measured. Incorporation of strong rescattering phenomena into string models is found to provide a good description of most experimental data. Deviations to this are pointed out. The present status of the ?thermal/?0 ratio as a signal of the quark gluon plasma is discussed. (orig.).

1992-01-01

83

Recent results from the WA80 experiment at CERN  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Results from the WA80 experiment on systematics of global observables, dE[sub T]/d[eta] and dN[sub ch]/d[eta], as well as on spectra of identified particles are presented. Special attention is given to the target fragmentation region where two-pion correlations and proton distributions have been measured. Incorporation of strong rescattering phenomena into string models is found to provide a good description of most experimental data. Deviations to this are pointed out. The present status of the [gamma][sub thermal]/[pi][sup 0] ratio as a signal of the quark gluon plasma is discussed. (orig.).

Kampert, K.H.; Beckmann, P.; Berger, F.; Bock, D.; Clewing, G.; Dragon, L.; Glasow, R.; Hartig, M.; Hoelker, G.; Loehner, H.; Peitzmann, T.; Purschke, M.; Roters, B.; Santo, R.; Schmidt, R.; Steffens, K.; Steinhaeuser, P.; Stueken, D. (Univ. of Muenster (Germany)); Albrecht, R.; Bock, R.; Gutbrod, H.H.; Kolb, B.W.; Lund, I.; Schmidt, H.R. (Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany)); Awes, T.C.; Ferguson, R.L.; Franz, A.; Obenshain, F.E.; Plasil, F.; Saini, S.; Soerensen, S.P.; Young, G.R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Bloomer, M.; Jacobs, P.; Poskanzer, A.M.; Ritter, H.G. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Claesson, G.; Eklund, A.; Garpman, S.; Gustafsson, H.A.; Idh, J.; Oskarsson, A.; Otterlund, I.; Stenlund, E. (Univ. of Lund (Sweden)); Debbe, R.; Hansen, O.; Moskowitz, B.; Wegener, H. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Fokin, S.; Ippolitov, M.; Karadjev, K.; Lebedev, A.; Manko, V.; Vinogradov, A. (Kurchatov Inst; WA80 Collaboration

1992-07-20

84

Investigation of MOZART experimental data and analysis of MOZART experiment using JFS-3-J3.2R group constant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Various critical experiments have been analyzed and evaluated in Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) to improve the accuracy of prediction for nuclear characteristics of fast breeder reactors. This report describes update of the analysis of Monju Zebra Assembly Reactor Test (MOZART) reflecting a recent development of JNC analysis scheme. The main results are as follows: (1) Compilation of spectrum measurements: Spectrum measurement data are newly compiled including energy structure and geometrical information. (2) Reevaluation of atomic number density data: Atomic number density data were reevaluated considering impurities that had been neglected in the past analysis and reflecting a JNC standard analysis scheme. The revision of the data successfully reduces core type dependence of C/E values for criticality from 0.4%dk to 0.1%dk. (3) Analyses using JFS-3-J3.2R group constant set: The base-calculation and correction factors were fully reevaluated suing JFS-3-J3.2R group constant set and the results were compared with those using JFS-3-J3.2. For criticality, C/E values become smaller by 0.1%dk, which tendency is consistent with that observed in the analysis of JUPITER experiment. Reduction of B-10 concentration dependence from 7% to 1% is observed in C/E values for control rod worth, and 10% improvement are for Na void reactivity. These improvements are attribute to the revision of the group constant set and analysis scheme. The correction factors are confirmed to be insensitive to the revision of group constant sets. (author)

2003-01-01

85

76 FR 72839 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; City Waterway Also Known as Thea Foss Waterway, Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Regulation; City Waterway Also Known as Thea Foss Waterway, Tacoma, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...across City Waterway also known as the Thea Foss Waterway, mile 0.6, at Tacoma, WA...and City Waterway is also known as Thea Foss Waterway. The South 11th Street...

2011-11-28

86

76 FR 79137 - Proposed Establishment of Area Navigation (RNAV) Routes; Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...long. 93[deg]29'30'' W.) Q-148 STEVS, WA to Bartlesville, OK (BVO) [New] STEVS, WA WP (Lat. 47[deg]14'54...deg]31'11'' N., long. 97[deg]15'21'' W.) Bartlesville, OK VOR/DME (Lat. 36[deg]50'03'' N.,...

2011-12-21

87

A cytotoxic monoclonal human hybridoma antibody (TrJ3) against HLA-B44(12) and -B45(12).  

Science.gov (United States)

We have generated a human monoclonal cytotoxic IgM lambda antibody (TrJ3) that reacted specifically with all lymphoblastoid B-cell lines expressing HLA-B44(12) and B45(12). TrJ3 hybridoma supernatant was suitable for HLA-B12 typing of freshly isolated blood mononuclear cells. Analysis of available amino acid sequences of HLA-B molecules indicated that the alpha 1 domain does not contain the TrJ3 serological epitope. Since HLA-B44 is associated with a unique serine residue at position 167 that points towards the peptide binding groove, we propose that S167 of the alpha 2 domain helix is a critical part of the TrJ3 epitope. PMID:1384167

Ge, J; Bratlie, A; Hannestad, K

1992-05-01

88

A cytotoxic monoclonal human hybridoma antibody (TrJ3) against HLA-B44(12) and -B45(12).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We have generated a human monoclonal cytotoxic IgM lambda antibody (TrJ3) that reacted specifically with all lymphoblastoid B-cell lines expressing HLA-B44(12) and B45(12). TrJ3 hybridoma supernatant was suitable for HLA-B12 typing of freshly isolated blood mononuclear cells. Analysis of available amino acid sequences of HLA-B molecules indicated that the alpha 1 domain does not contain the TrJ3 serological epitope. Since HLA-B44 is associated with a unique serine residue at position 167 that points towards the peptide binding groove, we propose that S167 of the alpha 2 domain helix is a critical part of the TrJ3 epitope.

Ge J; Bratlie A; Hannestad K

1992-05-01

89

CO J = 3 ? 2 and far infrared continuum observations of L1551, Orion KL and IRC +10216  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The sources L1551, IRC +10216 and the Kleinmann-Low nebula possess microwave spectra indicative of mass-outflow at moderate to high velocities. In two of these cases the origin of outflow is probably to be located in newly formed or forming stars. For IRC +10216 however it seems clear that the progenitor of the outflowing envelope is a late-type variable star. Observations of these sources in the J = 3 ? 2 transitions of CO are reported, together with photometry at wavelengths 377, 811 and 1136 ?m. All results were acquired with the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope at Mauna Kea, Hawaii, with instrumental beam-sizes of 86 arcsecs for the photometry, and 60 arcsecs for the CO spectra. (Auth.)

1981-06-26

90

A New Interpretation of the Bipolar HII Region S106 from HCN J=3-2 Mapping Observations  

Science.gov (United States)

The first mapping observations of the bipolar HII region S106 in HCN J = 3-2 line were made by KOSMA submillimeter telescope in April, 2004. The results show that there is a bipolar outflow centered on the high-mass star S106 IRS4 and that the flat structure of molecular cloud core is perpendicular to the axis of the outflow. This image roughly corresponds to the optical image where a dark lane bisects the bipolar HII region. Together with the optical, infrared and radio data, we conclude that the central UC HII region and molecular outflow formed before the two lobes of the bipolar HII region, and that a neutral disk is responsible for the bipolar HII region and the outflow.

Qin, Sheng-Li; Wang, Jun-Jie; Zhao, Gang; Miller, Martin

2005-02-01

91

Radon and remedial action in Spokane River Valley homes: Final report to the Bonneville Power Administration: Volume 1, Experimental design and data analysis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fifty-seven percent of 46 residences surveyed in the Spokane River Valley/Rathdrum Prairie region of eastern Washington/Northern Idaho had heating season indoor radon concentrations above the Bonneville Power Administration Mitigation Action Level of 5 pCi/L, while 65% were above US Environmental Protection Agency guideline of 4 pCi/L. Six of these measurements were greater than 20 pCi/L. Fourteen houses from this region and one house from Vancouver, Washington were selected for more intensive monitoring and testing of radon remedial action techniques. The primary radon source was pressure-driven flow of soil gas containing moderate radon concentrations (283 to 673 pCi/L) from the highly permeable (10/sup minus 10/ to 10/sup minus 13/ m/sup 2/) soils surrounding the house substructures. Radon from other sources, including potable water and building materials, was negligible. In the high radon homes, winter indoor levels averaged 12.6 times higher than summer, while a group of low radon homes averaged only 2.5 times higher. Several radon control strategies proved to be effective. 63 refs., 47 figs., 17 tabs.

Turk, B.H.; Prill, R.J.; Fisk, W.J.; Grimsrud, D.T.; Moed, B.A.; Sextro, R.G.

1987-12-01

92

Pra Na Wa Ka: The Development of Training Course for Continuing Buddhism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: Buddhism is a religion that requires meditation, practice, intellectual precepts of the threefold-training such as morality, concentration and wisdom. The purpose of practicing Buddhism is the goal of deliverance through attaining knowledge and wisdom. The Pra Na Wa Ka are newly ordained monks and needed to study both of the scriptures and the practice for appreciating understanding in morality, concentration and wisdom. A training model and guidelines are needed to improve the quality and efficiency of Pra Na Wa Ka because currently most of the monks who are the teachers lacked knowledge and are not ready to act as the Pra Na Wa Ka teacher, because lack of the teaching media, lack of the proper knowledge of the teacher vocational, the lesson plan arrangement, the psychology of teaching, lack of technique variety of teaching methods. Most of the temple had no education administration of the Pra Na Wa Ka who ordained in short-term, within 3 days 7 days 15 days or to one month, lack of the short period course to study about Buddhism, the Pra Na Wa Ka cannot accurately recite the Pali words, the Pra Na Wa Ka who were ordained were not motivated and faithful in learning and low morality. Approach: This research intended to study the history of the education administration of the Pra Na Wa Ka (Newly ordained monk) and to study about the problems and need of the Pra Na Wa Ka in knowledge about Buddhism and to develop the curriculum and the training package of the Pra Na Wa Ka in Buddhism. Results: The Pra Na Wa Ka traing course is a curriculum to study Buddhism through 3 training courses; (1) Basic Course: 3 days for initiation 7 days, (2) Intermediate course 7 days for initiation 15 days and (3) Long period course 15 days for initiation more than 30 days. The training courses were accompanied by a training kit to understand the main precepts of morality, concentration and wisdom. The curriculum was successful in providing Pra Na Wa Ka with knowledge and learning tools in order to understand the teachings from senior monks and Buddhist teachers. Conclusion: The effectiveness of the developed training course and success of the examination results of the Pra Na Wa Ka will ensure that Buddhism will continue to be propagated to society in its purest form and will benefit the community and society as a whole, bringing peace and prosperity.

Phra M.P. Romphothanthong; Wisanee Siltragool; Anchalee Chantapo

2012-01-01

93

Upregulation of cytochrome P450 2J3/11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid inhibits apoptosis in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes by a caspase-dependent pathway.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Short, nonlethal ischemic episodes administered to hearts directly after ischemic events (ischemic postconditioning, IPost) have an advantage over ischemic preconditioning (IPC). The endogenous cytochrome P450 2J3/11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (CYP2J3/11,12-EET) is upregulated by IPost, but not IPC, in the rat heart. The CYP epoxygenase inhibitor N-methylsulphonyl-6-(2-propargyloxyphenyl) hexanamide (MS-PPOH) reduces the cardioprotective effects of IPost, but not IPC. We proposed that upregulation of CYP2J3/11,12-EET during IPost induces cardioprotection by inhibiting cardiomyocyte apoptosis and that multiple apoptotic signals, including changes in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening, mitochondrial cytochrome c leakage, caspase-3 levels, and levels of protective kinases such as Bcl-2 and Bax, are involved in the process. Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes underwent 3-h hypoxia followed by 2-, 5-, or 6-h reoxygenation (H/R) or three cycles of 5-min reoxygenation followed by 5-min hypoxia before 90-min reoxygenation (HPost); or were transfected with pcDNA3.1-CYP2J3 for 48 h before H/R; or were treated with MS-PPOH for 10 min before HPost. For HPost alone, pcDNA3.1-CYP2J3 transfection attenuated cardiomyocyte apoptosis to 68.4% (p<0.05) of that with H/R. pcDNA3.1-CYP2J3 transfection significantly decreased MMP and inhibited mPTP opening induced by H/R, reduced mitochondrial cytochrome c leakage, cleaved caspase-3 protein expression, and increased the ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax expression. MS-PPOH abolished this effect. Therefore, upregulation of CYP2J3/11,12-EET during HPost is involved in cardioprotection by inhibiting apoptosis via a caspase-dependent pathway, and the apoptosis-suppressive effect may have important clinical implications during HPost.

Wang HX; Zhang DM; Zeng XJ; Mu J; Yang H; Lu LQ; Zhang LK

2012-11-01

94

Upregulation of cytochrome P450 2J3/11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid inhibits apoptosis in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes by a caspase-dependent pathway.  

Science.gov (United States)

Short, nonlethal ischemic episodes administered to hearts directly after ischemic events (ischemic postconditioning, IPost) have an advantage over ischemic preconditioning (IPC). The endogenous cytochrome P450 2J3/11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (CYP2J3/11,12-EET) is upregulated by IPost, but not IPC, in the rat heart. The CYP epoxygenase inhibitor N-methylsulphonyl-6-(2-propargyloxyphenyl) hexanamide (MS-PPOH) reduces the cardioprotective effects of IPost, but not IPC. We proposed that upregulation of CYP2J3/11,12-EET during IPost induces cardioprotection by inhibiting cardiomyocyte apoptosis and that multiple apoptotic signals, including changes in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening, mitochondrial cytochrome c leakage, caspase-3 levels, and levels of protective kinases such as Bcl-2 and Bax, are involved in the process. Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes underwent 3-h hypoxia followed by 2-, 5-, or 6-h reoxygenation (H/R) or three cycles of 5-min reoxygenation followed by 5-min hypoxia before 90-min reoxygenation (HPost); or were transfected with pcDNA3.1-CYP2J3 for 48 h before H/R; or were treated with MS-PPOH for 10 min before HPost. For HPost alone, pcDNA3.1-CYP2J3 transfection attenuated cardiomyocyte apoptosis to 68.4% (p<0.05) of that with H/R. pcDNA3.1-CYP2J3 transfection significantly decreased MMP and inhibited mPTP opening induced by H/R, reduced mitochondrial cytochrome c leakage, cleaved caspase-3 protein expression, and increased the ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax expression. MS-PPOH abolished this effect. Therefore, upregulation of CYP2J3/11,12-EET during HPost is involved in cardioprotection by inhibiting apoptosis via a caspase-dependent pathway, and the apoptosis-suppressive effect may have important clinical implications during HPost. PMID:22717287

Wang, Hong-Xia; Zhang, Dong-Mei; Zeng, Xiang-Jun; Mu, Jing; Yang, Hui; Lu, Ling-Qiao; Zhang, Li-Ke

2012-06-18

95

CO J=3-2 Emission from the "Water Fountain" Sources IRAS 16342-3814 and IRAS 18286-0959  

CERN Multimedia

We observed CO J=3-2 emission from the "water fountain" sources, which exhibit high-velocity collimated stellar jets traced by water maser emission, with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (ASTE) 10 m telescope. We detected the CO emission from two sources, IRAS 16342-3814 and IRAS 18286-0959. The IRAS 16342-3814 CO emission exhibits a spectrum that is well fit to a Gaussian profile, rather than to a parabolic profile, with a velocity width (FWHM) of 158+/-6 km/s and an intensity peak at VLSR = 50+/-2 km/s. The mass loss rate of the star is estimated to be ~2.9x10^-5 M_sun/yr. Our morpho-kinematic models suggest that the CO emission is optically thin and associated with a bipolar outflow rather than with a (cold and relatively small) torus. The IRAS 18286-0959 CO emission has a velocity width (FWHM) of 3.0+/-0.2 km/s, smaller than typically seen in AGB envelopes. The narrow velocity width of the CO emission suggests that it originates from either an interstellar molecular cloud or a slowly-rotatin...

Imai, Hiroshi; Nakashima, Jun-ichi; Ukita, Nobuharu; Deguchi, Shuji; Koning, Nico

2009-01-01

96

The James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Nearby Galaxies Legacy Survey - IX. 12CO J = 3?2 observations of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351  

Science.gov (United States)

We present 12CO J = 3?2 maps of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351 obtained with the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), both early targets of the JCMT Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey (NGLS). We combine the present observations with 12CO J = 1?0 data and find that the computed 12CO J = 3?2 to 12CO J = 1?0 line ratio (R31) agrees with values measured in other NGLS field galaxies. We compute the MH2 value and find that it is robust against the value of R31 used. Using H I data from The H I Nearby Galaxy Survey, we find a tight correlation between the surface density of H2 and star formation rate density for NGC 3351 when 12CO J = 3?2 data are used. Finally, we compare the 12CO J = 3?2 intensity with the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) 8 ?m surface brightness and find a good correlation in the high surface brightness regions. We extend this study to include all 25 Spitzer Infrared Nearby Galaxies Survey galaxies within the NGLS sample and find a tight correlation at large spatial scales. We suggest that both PAH 8 ?m and 12CO J = 3?2 are likely to originate in regions of active star formation.

Tan, Boon-Kok; Leech, J.; Rigopoulou, D.; Warren, B. E.; Wilson, C. D.; Attewell, D.; Azimlu, M.; Bendo, G. J.; Butner, H. M.; Brinks, E.; Chanial, P.; Clements, D. L.; Heesen, V.; Israel, F.; Knapen, J. H.; Matthews, H. E.; Mortier, A. M. J.; Mühle, S.; Sánchez-Gallego, J. R.; Tilanus, R. P. J.; Usero, A.; van der Werf, P.; Zhu, M.

2013-09-01

97

75 FR 32855 - Safety Zone; Pierce County, WA, Department of Emergency Management, Regional Water Exercise  

Science.gov (United States)

...USCG-2010-0475] RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Pierce County, WA, Department of Emergency...SUMMARY: The Pierce County, Washington, Department of Emergency...to ensure safety of participants in the Pierce County Regional Water Rescue...

2010-06-10

98

78 FR 22286 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. If no additional requestors...

2013-04-15

99

78 FR 19297 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-03-29

100

77 FR 51563 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2012-08-24

 
 
 
 
101

78 FR 25693 - Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest; Snohomish County, WA; Green Mountain Lookout Removal  

Science.gov (United States)

...Forest; Snohomish County, WA; Green Mountain Lookout Removal AGENCY: Forest Service...remove the historic fire lookout on Green Mountain and relocate it to Circle Peak, authorizing...in connection with the removal. Green Mountain Lookout is approximately one air...

2013-05-02

102

75 FR 57167 - Safety Zone; CLS Fall Championship Hydroplane Race, Lake Sammamish, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Zone; CLS Fall Championship Hydroplane Race, Lake Sammamish, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...Specialties (CLS) Fall Championship Hydroplane Race. This action is necessary to ensure public...intrinsic dangers associated with high- speed races while ensuring unencumbered access...

2010-09-20

103

78 FR 38829 - Special Local Regulations; Seattle Seafair Hydroplane Race, Lake Washington, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Regulations; Seattle Seafair Hydroplane Race, Lake Washington, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...the Seattle Seafair Unlimited Hydroplane Race Special Local Regulation on Lake Washington...on August 4, 2013, during hydroplane race times. This action is necessary to...

2013-06-28

104

75 FR 60352 - Proposed Modification of the Seattle, WA, Class B Airspace Area; Public Meetings  

Science.gov (United States)

...details including a graphic depiction regarding this proposal, please contact Everett Paul Delay, FAA Support Manager Seattle TRACON, Sea-Tac International Airport, 825 South 160th Street, Burien, WA 98148, (206) 214-4620. SUPPLEMENTARY...

2010-09-30

105

77 FR 27085 - TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, WA; Notice of Negative Determination...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Employment and Training Administration [TA-W-80,454] TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, WA...Assistance (TAA), applicable to workers and former workers of TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton,...

2012-05-08

106

76 FR 9047 - Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service [FWS-R1-R-2010-N220; 1265-0000-10137-S3] Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Finding of No Significant Impact for Environmental Assessment...

2011-02-16

107

WaVPeak: picking NMR peaks through wavelet-based smoothing and volume-based filtering.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

MOTIVATION: Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has been widely used as a powerful tool to determine the 3D structures of proteins in vivo. However, the post-spectra processing stage of NMR structure determination usually involves a tremendous amount of time and expert knowledge, which includes peak picking, chemical shift assignment and structure calculation steps. Detecting accurate peaks from the NMR spectra is a prerequisite for all following steps, and thus remains a key problem in automatic NMR structure determination. RESULTS: We introduce WaVPeak, a fully automatic peak detection method. WaVPeak first smoothes the given NMR spectrum by wavelets. The peaks are then identified as the local maxima. The false positive peaks are filtered out efficiently by considering the volume of the peaks. WaVPeak has two major advantages over the state-of-the-art peak-picking methods. First, through wavelet-based smoothing, WaVPeak does not eliminate any data point in the spectra. Therefore, WaVPeak is able to detect weak peaks that are embedded in the noise level. NMR spectroscopists need the most help isolating these weak peaks. Second, WaVPeak estimates the volume of the peaks to filter the false positives. This is more reliable than intensity-based filters that are widely used in existing methods. We evaluate the performance of WaVPeak on the benchmark set proposed by PICKY (Alipanahi et al., 2009), one of the most accurate methods in the literature. The dataset comprises 32 2D and 3D spectra from eight different proteins. Experimental results demonstrate that WaVPeak achieves an average of 96%, 91%, 88%, 76% and 85% recall on (15)N-HSQC, HNCO, HNCA, HNCACB and CBCA(CO)NH, respectively. When the same number of peaks are considered, WaVPeak significantly outperforms PICKY. AVAILABILITY: WaVPeak is an open source program. The source code and two test spectra of WaVPeak are available at http://faculty.kaust.edu.sa/sites/xingao/Pages/Publications.aspx. The online server is under construction. CONTACT: statliuzhi@xmu.edu.cn; ahmed.abbas@kaust.edu.sa; majing@ust.hk; xin.gao@kaust.edu.sa.

Liu Z; Abbas A; Jing BY; Gao X

2012-04-01

108

Peculiarities occurrence and microstrip gas chambers studied through experiment WA97  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents the studies on development of a Monte-Carlo type generator used for inclusive production of odd baryons and antibaryons through proton- proton and proton- nucleus collisions. Experiment WA97 consisted in designing simulation software for MSGCs (Micro-strips Gas Chambers) as well as the redefining of particle paths with the help of these chambers. This work made it possible to design the MSGC detector for experiment WA97. (TEC). 71 refs., 88 figs

1995-01-01

109

The James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Nearby Galaxies Legacy Survey IX: $^{12}$CO $J=3\\to2$ Observations of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351  

CERN Document Server

We present $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} maps of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351 obtained with the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), both early targets of the JCMT Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey (NGLS). We combine the present observations with $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} data and find that the computed $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} to $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} line ratio ($R_{31}$) agrees with values measured in other NGLS field galaxies. We compute the M$_{\\rm{H_2}}$ value and find that it is robust against the value of $R_{31}$ used. Using \\textsc{Hi} data from the The \\textsc{Hi} Nearby Galaxy Survey (THINGS) survey, we find a tight correlation between surface density of H$_2$ and star formation rate density for NGC 3351 when $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} data are used. Finally, we compare the $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} intensity with the PAH 8 $\\mu$m surface brightness and find a good correlation in the high surface brightness regions. We extend this study to incl...

Tan, Boon-Kok; Rigopoulou, D; Warren, B E; Wilson, C D; Attewell, D; Azimlu, M; Bendo, G J; Butner, H M; Brinks, E; Chanial, P; Clements, D L; Heesen, V; Israel, F; Knapen, J H; Matthews, H E; Mortier, A M J; Mühle,; Sánchez-Gallego, J R; Tilanus, R P J; Usero, A; van der Werf, P; Zhu, M

2013-01-01

110

Genetic variation in the odorant receptor OR2J3 is associated with the ability to detect the "grassy" smelling odor, cis-3-hexen-1-ol.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The ability to detect many odors varies among individuals; however, the contribution of genotype to this variation has been assessed for relatively few compounds. We have identified a genetic basis for the ability to detect the flavor compound cis-3-hexen-1-ol. This compound is typically described as "green grassy" or the smell of "cut grass," with variation in the ability to detect it linked to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a region on human chromosome 6 containing 25 odorant receptor genes. We have sequenced the coding regions of all 25 receptors across an ethnically mixed population of 52 individuals and identified 147 sequence variants. We tested these for association with cis-3-hexen-1-ol detection thresholds and found 3 strongly associated SNPs, including one found in a functional odorant receptor (rs28757581 in OR2J3). In vitro assays of 13 odorant receptors from the region identified 3 receptors that could respond to cis-3-hexen-1-ol, including OR2J3. This gene contained 5 predicted haplotypes across the 52 individuals. We tested all 5 haplotypes in vitro and several amino acid substitutions on their own, such as rs28757581 (T113A). Two amino acid substitutions, T113A and R226Q, impaired the ability of OR2J3 to respond to cis-3-hexen-1-ol, and together these two substitutions effectively abolished the response to the compound. The haplotype of OR2J3 containing both T113A and R226Q explains 26.4% of the variation in cis-3-hexen-1-ol detection in our study cohort. Further research is required to examine whether OR2J3 haplotypes explain variation in perceived flavor experience and the consumption of foods containing cis-3-hexen-1-ol.

McRae JF; Mainland JD; Jaeger SR; Adipietro KA; Matsunami H; Newcomb RD

2012-09-01

111

76 FR 5834 - Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility to Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance  

Science.gov (United States)

...Cup Operating North Andover, MA.... November 8, 2009. Corporation. 74,875..................... Pitney Bowes, Global Spokane, WA.......... November 10, 2009. Financial Services Unit, Purchase Power...

2011-02-02

112

Isolation of pure compound R/J/3 from Pluchea indica (L.) Less. and its anti-amoebic activities against Entamoeba histolytica.  

Science.gov (United States)

The plant Pluchea indica is known for its anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, anti-pyretic, hypoglycemic, diuretic and anti-microbial activities besides many other pharmacological activities. We have isolated and purified seven compounds from the methanolic root extract of this plant by column chromatography. The compounds were identified by spectroscopic analyses. The anti-amoebic activities of the pure compound R/J/3 was investigated against the HM1 strain of Entamoeba histolytica. The compound, R/J/3 showed the most pronounced anti-proliferative activity at a dose of 50 microg/ml. It also showed a marked activity on cell lysis of trophozoites, 4h after administration. The cell lytic activity was compared with metronidazole (5 microg/ml) as positive control. PMID:17174538

Biswas, Ria; Dutta, P K; Achari, B; Bandyopadhyay, Durba; Mishra, Moumita; Pramanik, K C; Chatterjee, T K

2006-12-15

113

Isolation of pure compound R/J/3 from Pluchea indica (L.) Less. and its anti-amoebic activities against Entamoeba histolytica.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The plant Pluchea indica is known for its anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, anti-pyretic, hypoglycemic, diuretic and anti-microbial activities besides many other pharmacological activities. We have isolated and purified seven compounds from the methanolic root extract of this plant by column chromatography. The compounds were identified by spectroscopic analyses. The anti-amoebic activities of the pure compound R/J/3 was investigated against the HM1 strain of Entamoeba histolytica. The compound, R/J/3 showed the most pronounced anti-proliferative activity at a dose of 50 microg/ml. It also showed a marked activity on cell lysis of trophozoites, 4h after administration. The cell lytic activity was compared with metronidazole (5 microg/ml) as positive control.

Biswas R; Dutta PK; Achari B; Bandyopadhyay D; Mishra M; Pramanik KC; Chatterjee TK

2007-08-01

114

Verification of LOCA/ECCS analysis codes ALARM-B2 and THYDE-B1 by comparison with RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For a verification study of ALARM-B2 code and THYDE-B1 code which are the component of the JAERI code system for evaluation of BWR ECCS performance, calculations for typical small and large break LOCA in BWR were done, and compared with those by RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code. This report describes the influences of differences between the analytical models incorporated in the individual code and the problems identified by this verification study. (author)

1982-01-01

115

The Skyrme model predictions for the ${\\bf 27}_{J=3/2}$ mass spectrum and the ${\\bf 27}_{3/2}$-$\\bar{\\bf 10}$ mass splittings  

CERN Multimedia

The ${\\bf 27}_{J=3/2}$-plet mass spectrum and the ${\\bf 27}_{3/2}$-$\\bar{\\bf 10}$ mass splittings are computed in the framework of the minimal SU(3)$_f$ extended Skyrme model. As functions of the Skyrme charge $e$ and the SU(3)$_f$ symmetry breaking parameters the predictions are presented in tabular form. The predicted mass splitting ${\\bf 27}_{3/2}$-$\\bar{\\bf 10}$ is the smallest among all SU(3)$_f$ baryonic multiplets.

Duplancic, G; Trampetic, J

2004-01-01

116

WA84 experiment: A beauty search with a scintillating-fibre microvertex detector  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper gives a review of the physics aims of the fixed-target experiment WA84, currently being conducted at CERN, and of the methods used. The operation and performance of the scintillating-fibre microvertex detector are described. (orig.).

1990-01-01

117

WA84 experiment: A beauty search with a scintillating-fibre microvertex detector  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper gives a review of the physics aims of the fixed-target experiment WA84, currently being conducted at CERN, and of the methods used. The operation and performance of the scintillating-fibre microvertex detector are described. (orig.).

Angelini, C.; Cardini, A.; Flaminio, V.; Lucchesi, D.; Roda, C. (Pisa Univ. (Italy) Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Pisa (Italy)); Beusch, W.; Fabre, J.P.; Gys, T.; Leutz, H.; Morrison, D.R.O.; Vicari, E. (European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland)); Crennell, D.J. (Rutherford Appleton Lab., Chilton (UK)); De Vincenzi, M.; Di Vita, G.; Frenkel, A.; Lamanna, E.; Martellotti, G.; Penso, G.; Petrera, S.; Sciubba, A. (Rome-1 Univ. (Italy) Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Rome (Italy)); Duane, A.; Harrison, K.; Websdale, D.M. (Imperial Coll. of Science and Technology, London (UK)); McEwen, J.G. (Southampton Univ. (UK)); WA84 Collaboration

1990-04-15

118

CONTROL: the run control program used on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The criteria are described which have been used in the design of CONTROL, a program in the WA62 VAX Native mode data acquisition system which serves the triple purpose of driving a status display, an operator's console and a message reporter. (U.K.).

1980-01-01

119

78 FR 9811 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...description of four general anchorages in Puget Sound and decreases the size of five general...the Captain of the Port (COTP) Puget Sound zone. DATES: This rule is effective...

2013-02-12

120

Determination of the event centrality in the WA97 and NA57 experiments  

CERN Multimedia

The procedure employed by the WA97 and NA57 experiments to determine the number of wounded nucleons in different Pb+Pb centrality classes is discussed. We will also compare different centrality scales and their influence on the measurement of the centrality dependence of strange particle yields. (14 refs).

Carrer, N; Badalà, A; Barbera, R; Beusch, Werner; Bloodworth, Ian J; Bruno, G; Caliandro, R; Campbell, M; Cantatore, E; Carena, W; De Haas, A P; Di Bari, D; Di Liberto, S; Divià, R; Elia, D; Evans, D; Fanebust, K; Fayazzadeh, F; Fedorisin, J; Feofilov, G A; Fini, R A; Ftácnik, J; Ghidini, B; Grella, G; Gulino, M; Helstrup, H; Henriquez, M; Holme, A K; Huss, D; Jacholkowski, A; Jones, G T; Jovanovic, P; Jusko, A; Kamermans, R; Kinson, J B; Klempt, W; Knudson, K; Kolojvari, A A; Kondratev, V A; Králik, I; Kuijer, P; Lenti, V; Lietava, R; Løvhøiden, G; Lupták, M; Manzari, V; Martinská, G; Mazzoni, M A; Meddi, F; Michalon, A; Michalon-Mentzer, M E; Morando, M; Muigg, D; Nappi, E; Navach, F; Norman, P I; Palmeri, A; Pappalardo, G S; Pastircák, B; Pisút, J; Pisútová, N; Posa, F; Quercigh, Emanuele; Riggi, F; Röhrich, D; Romano, G; Safarík, K; Sándor, L; Schillings, E; Segato, G F; Sené, M; Sené, R; Snoeys, W; Staroba, P; Thompson, M; Torrieri, G D; Tulina, T A; Turrisi, R; Tveter, T S; Urbán, J; Valiev, F F; Van den Brink, A; Van de Ven, P; Van de Vyvre, P; van Eijndhoven, N; Vannucci, Luigi; Vascotto, Alessandro; Vik, T; Villalobos Baillie, O; Vinogradov, L I; Virgili, T; Votruba, M F; Vrláková, J; Závada, P

2001-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Qi-Wa, a problem that has plagued Chinese scrolls for millenniums  

CERN Multimedia

Qi-Wa refers to the up curl on the lengths of handscrolls and hanging scrolls, which has troubled Chinese artisans and emperors for as long as the art of painting and calligraphy exists. This warp is unwelcomed not only for aesthetic reasons, but its potential damage to the fiber and ink. Although it is generally treated as a part of the cockling and curling due to climate, mounting procedures, and conservation conditions, we emphasize that the intrinsic curvature incurred from the storage is in fact the main cause of Qi-Wa. The Qi-Wa height is determined by experiments to obey scaling relations with the length, width, curvature, and thickness of the scroll, which are supported by Molecular Dynamics Simulation and theoretic derivations. This understanding helps us come up with plausible remedies to mitigate Qi-Wa. All proposals are tested on real mounted paper and in simulations. Due to the general nature of this warp, we believe the lessons learnt from studying ancient Chinese scrolls can be applied to moder...

Chou, Ming-Han; Wang, Yi-Ping; Hong, Sun-Hsin; Hong, Tzay-Ming

2013-01-01

122

Water Accounting Plus (WA+) – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Coping with the issue of water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links hydrological flows to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+), which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. Analogous to financial accounting, WA+ presents four sheets including (i) a resource base sheet, (ii) a consumption sheet, (iii) a productivity sheet, and (iv) a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarize the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g. climate change) and internal influences (e.g. infrastructure building) can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used for 3 out of the 4 sheets, but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

P. Karimi; W. G. M. Bastiaanssen; D. Molden

2012-01-01

123

High Excitation Molecular Gas in the Galactic Center Loops; 12CO(J =2-1 and J =3-2) Observations  

CERN Document Server

We have carried out 12CO(J =2-1) and 12CO(J =3-2) observations at spatial resolutions of 1.0-3.8 pc toward the entirety of loops 1 and 2 and part of loop 3 in the Galactic center with NANTEN2 and ASTE. These new results revealed detailed distributions of the molecular gas and the line intensity ratio of the two transitions, R3-2/2-1. In the three loops, R3-2/2-1 is in a range from 0.1 to 2.5 with a peak at ~ 0.7 while that in the disk molecular gas is in a range from 0.1 to 1.2 with a peak at 0.4. This supports that the loops are more highly excited than the disk molecular gas. An LVG analysis of three transitions, 12CO J =3-2 and 2-1 and 13CO J =2-1, toward six positions in loops 1 and 2 shows density and temperature are in a range 102.2 - 104.7 cm-3 and 15-100 K or higher, respectively. Three regions extended by 50-100 pc in the loops tend to have higher excitation conditions as characterized by R3-2/2-1 greater than 1.2. The highest ratio of 2.5 is found in the most developed foot points between loops 1 an...

Kudo, Natsuko; Machida, Mami; Davis, Timothy A; Tsutsumi, Kazuki; Fujishita, Motusuji; Moribe, Nayuta; Yamamoto, Hiroaki; Okuda, Takeshi; Kawamura, Akiko; Mizuno, Norikazu; Onishi, Toshikazu; Maezawa, Hiroyuki; Mizuno, Akira; Tanaka, Kunihiko; Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki; Ezawa, Hajime; Takahashi, Kunio; Nozawa, Satoshi; Matsumoto, Ryoji; Fukui, Yasuo

2010-01-01

124

Peculiarities occurrence and microstrip gas chambers studied through experiment WA97; La production d`etrangete et les chambres gazeuses a micropistes dans le cadre de l`experience WA97  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents the studies on development of a Monte-Carlo type generator used for inclusive production of odd baryons and antibaryons through proton- proton and proton- nucleus collisions. Experiment WA97 consisted in designing simulation software for MSGCs (Micro-strips Gas Chambers) as well as the redefining of particle paths with the help of these chambers. This work made it possible to design the MSGC detector for experiment WA97. (TEC). 71 refs., 88 figs.

Kachelhoffer, T.

1995-04-01

125

Study of charged particle production using Omega RICH in WA94 experiment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present preliminary results about charged particle production in S-S collisions at 200GeV/c per nucleon, obtained by WA94 experiment at CERN-SPS. The particle identification has been provided by the Omega RICH; a silicon telescope and an array of multiwire proportional chambers (MWPC) have been used to track particles to the RICH detector. Details about particle tracking and identification procedure are also reported. (orig.).

Abatzis, S. [Athens Univ. (Greece). Nuclear Physics Lab.; Andersen, E.; Andrighetto, A.; Antinori, F.; Barnes, R.P.; Bayes, A.C.; Benayoun, M.; Beusch, W.; Bohm, J.; Carney, J.N.; Carrer, N.; De la Cruz, B.; Davies, J.P.; Di Bari, D.; Elia, D.; Evans, D.; Fanebust, K.; Fini, R.; French, B.R.; Ghidini, B.; Helstrup, H.; Holme, A.K.; Jacholkowski, A.; Kahane, J.; Katchanov, V.A.; Kinson, J.B.; Kirk, A.; Knudson, K.; Kralik, I.; Ladron de Guevara, P.; Lassalle, J.C.; Lenti, V.; Leruste, P.; Lietava, R.; Loconsole, R.A.; Loevhoeiden, G.; Manzari, V.; Morando, M.; Navach, F.; Narjoux, J.L.; Pellegrini, F.; Quercigh, E.; Ricci, R.; Sandor, L.; Safarik, K.; Segato, G.; Singovsky, A.V.; Sene, M.; Sene, R.; Thorsteinsen, T.F.; Urban, J.; Vassiliadis, G.; Villalobos Baillie, O.; Venables, M.; Volte, A.; Votruba, M.F.; Zavada, P. [Athens University, Nuclear Physics Department, GR-15771 Athens (Greece)]|[Dipartimento di Fisica dell`Universita and Sezione INFN, Bari (Italy)]|[Universitetet i Bergen, N-5007 Bergen (Norway)]|[University of, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom)]|[CERN, CH-1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland)]|[College de France, IN2P3, F-75231 Paris (France)]|[Institute of Experimental Physics, Kosice (Slovakia)]|[Laboratorio Nazionale di Legnaro, Legnaro (Italy)]|[CIEMAT, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)]|[Dipartimento di Fisica dell`Universita and Sezione INFN, Padua (Italy)]|[IHEP, Protvino (Russian Federation); The WA94 Collaboration

1996-03-01

126

First results from the 1994 lead beam run of WA97  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

WA97 is designed to study strange and multi-strange baryon and anti-baryon production in 160 A GeV/c Pb-Pb collisions at the SPS with a telescope of silicon microdetectors. Four planes of silicon pixel detectors were successfully employed during the 1994 Pb run. A total of 60M central Pb-Pb events were collected. We describe the experimental setup and report on some preliminary results from the off-line analysis. (orig.).

1995-01-01

127

The transition radiation detector in the hyperon beam experiment WA89 at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A transition radiation detector has been built for the CERN hyperon beam experiment WA89. The task of this detector is to reject at an early trigger stage beam pions, which are more than twice as abundant as hyperons. Special requirements were imposed by the high beam flux and the need for an early trigger signal. Setup and performance of the detector are presented. (orig.)

1996-08-21

128

WA98 Photon and CERES Dilepton Spectra Spectral Red-Shift Versus Broadening  

CERN Multimedia

We estimate the photon and dilepton emission rates from hot hadronic matter with in-medium spectral shift and broadening of vector mesons. It is observed that both the WA98 photon data and CERES/NA45 dilepton data can be well reproduced with similar initial conditions. We argue that simultaneous measurement of the $p_T$ spectra of single photons and invariant mass distribution of dileptons is important to understand the in-medium spectral function of the vector mesons.

Alam, J; Sarkar, S; Sinha, B C; Alam, Jan-e; Roy, Pradip; Sarkar, Sourav; Sinha, Bikash C

2003-01-01

129

The transition radiation detector in the hyperon beam experiment WA89 at CERN  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A transition radiation detector has been built for the CERN hyperon beam experiment WA89. The task of this detector is to reject at an early trigger stage beam pions, which are more than twice as abundant as hyperons. Special requirements were imposed by the high beam flux and the need for an early trigger signal. Setup and performance of the detector are presented. (orig.).

Brueckner, W. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Kallakowsky, T. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Lauber, H.M. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Michaels, R. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Paul, S. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Povh, B. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Roehrich, K. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Trombini, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany)

1996-08-21

130

Relativistic ab initio calculations of the P-odd interaction constant W_A in diatomic molecules  

CERN Document Server

We present ab initio calculations of the W_A parameter of the P-odd spin-rotational Hamiltonian for a variety of diatomic molecules, including group-2 and -12 halides. The results were obtained by the relativistic Dirac-Hartree-Fock approach and corrected for electron correlation. Strong enhancement of the W_A parameter is found for the group-12 diatomic halides, which will be helpful in future determination of the nuclear anapole moment from rotational hyperfine measurements.

Borschevsky, A; Dzuba, V A; Beloy, K; Flambaum, V V; Schwerdtfeger, P

2012-01-01

131

Cytochrome P450 2J3/epoxyeicosatrienoic acids mediate the cardioprotection induced by ischaemic post-conditioning, but not preconditioning, in the rat.  

Science.gov (United States)

1. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases and their arachidonic acid metabolites play a protective role against ischaemia-reperfusion injury. In the present study, we investigated whether endogenous CYP2J3/epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) mediates the cardioprotective effects of ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) and ischaemic post-conditioning (IPost). 2. Male Wistar rats were subjected to two cycles of IPC, consisting of 5 min ischaemia and 5 min reperfusion, followed by 45 min occlusion and 2 h reperfusion; IPost consisted of three cycles of 30 s reperfusion and 30 s re-occlusion at the onset of reperfusion. The selective CYP epoxygenase inhibitor N-methylsulphonyl-6-(2-propargyloxyphenyl)hexanamide (MS-PPOH; 3 mg/kg) was administered 10 min before ischaemia or during ischaemia 10 min before reperfusion started. Cardiac function was measured continuously with a angiocatheter connected to a fluid-filled pressure transducer and myocardial infarct size was assessed by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining at the end of the experiment. 3. Subjecting rats to IPC and IPost similarly improved cardiac function and reduced myocardial infarct size. Interestingly, IPost, but not IPC, significantly increased CYP2J3 mRNA (1.75 ± 0.22 vs 1.0; P < 0.05) and protein (1.62 ± 0.22 vs 1.0; P < 0.05), as well as 11,12-EET synthesis compared to I/R (6.2 ± 0.2 vs 2.9 ± 0.2 ng/mg wet weight, respectively; P < 0.01). Administration of MS-PPOH before ischaemia significantly decreased 11,12-EET synthesis in both IPC and IPost compared with I/R rats (2.1 ± 0.2, 3.2 ± 0.3 and 2.9 ± 0.2 ng/mg wet weight, respectively; P < 0.01), but decreased the cardioprotective effects, as evidenced by cardiac function and myocardial infarct size, of IPost only. 4. These data indicate that endogenous activation of CYP2J3/EET may be an essential trigger leading to the protective effects of IPost, but not IPC, in the rat heart. PMID:21105892

Yu, Gang-Gang; Zeng, Xiang-Jun; Wang, Hong-Xia; Lu, Ling-Qiao; Zheng, Shao-Peng; Ma, Li-Quan; Chang, Jing; Wang, Jing; Zhang, Dong-Mei; Du, Feng-He; Zhang, Li-Ke

2011-01-01

132

Cytochrome P450 2J3/epoxyeicosatrienoic acids mediate the cardioprotection induced by ischaemic post-conditioning, but not preconditioning, in the rat.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

1. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases and their arachidonic acid metabolites play a protective role against ischaemia-reperfusion injury. In the present study, we investigated whether endogenous CYP2J3/epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) mediates the cardioprotective effects of ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) and ischaemic post-conditioning (IPost). 2. Male Wistar rats were subjected to two cycles of IPC, consisting of 5 min ischaemia and 5 min reperfusion, followed by 45 min occlusion and 2 h reperfusion; IPost consisted of three cycles of 30 s reperfusion and 30 s re-occlusion at the onset of reperfusion. The selective CYP epoxygenase inhibitor N-methylsulphonyl-6-(2-propargyloxyphenyl)hexanamide (MS-PPOH; 3 mg/kg) was administered 10 min before ischaemia or during ischaemia 10 min before reperfusion started. Cardiac function was measured continuously with a angiocatheter connected to a fluid-filled pressure transducer and myocardial infarct size was assessed by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining at the end of the experiment. 3. Subjecting rats to IPC and IPost similarly improved cardiac function and reduced myocardial infarct size. Interestingly, IPost, but not IPC, significantly increased CYP2J3 mRNA (1.75 ± 0.22 vs 1.0; P < 0.05) and protein (1.62 ± 0.22 vs 1.0; P < 0.05), as well as 11,12-EET synthesis compared to I/R (6.2 ± 0.2 vs 2.9 ± 0.2 ng/mg wet weight, respectively; P < 0.01). Administration of MS-PPOH before ischaemia significantly decreased 11,12-EET synthesis in both IPC and IPost compared with I/R rats (2.1 ± 0.2, 3.2 ± 0.3 and 2.9 ± 0.2 ng/mg wet weight, respectively; P < 0.01), but decreased the cardioprotective effects, as evidenced by cardiac function and myocardial infarct size, of IPost only. 4. These data indicate that endogenous activation of CYP2J3/EET may be an essential trigger leading to the protective effects of IPost, but not IPC, in the rat heart.

Yu GG; Zeng XJ; Wang HX; Lu LQ; Zheng SP; Ma LQ; Chang J; Wang J; Zhang DM; Du FH; Zhang LK

2011-01-01

133

Extremely Strong ^{13}CO J=3-2 Line in the "Water Fountain" IRAS 16342-3814: Evidence for the Hot-Bottom Burning  

CERN Multimedia

We observed four "water fountain" sources in the CO J=3-2 line emission with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (ASTE) 10 m telescope in 2010-2011. The water fountain sources are evolved stars that form high-velocity collimated jets traced by water maser emission. The CO line was detected only from IRAS 16342-3814. The present work confirmed that the ^{12}CO to ^{13}CO line intensity ratio is ~1.5 at the systemic velocity. We discuss the origins of the very low ^{12}CO to ^{13}CO intensity ratio, as possible evidence for the "hot-bottom burning" in an oxygen-rich star, and the CO intensity variation in IRAS 16342-3814.

Imai, Hiroshi; He, Jin-Hua; Nakashima, Jun-ichi; Hsia, Chih-Hao; Sakai, Takeshi; Deguchi, Shuji; Koning, Nico

2012-01-01

134

The in vitro metabolism of Eulan WA New by liver homogenates from freshwater fish.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The rate of formation of pentachloro-2-aminodiphenylether (5-PAD) from pentachloro-2-(chloromethylsulphonamido) diphenylether (6-PCSD) by goldfish liver homogenates was studied in a variety of buffers. The highest rate was observed when the homogenate was prepared and assayed in phosphate buffer containing dithiothreitol. The 5-PAD forming activity of liver homogenate preparations from a variety of freshwater fish (goldfish, carp, pike, rainbow trout, perch and eel) showed contrasting species differences. These results could be correlated with information available on the toxicity of the mothproofing agent Eulan WA New (which contains PCSDs) to these fish.

Machon A; North MJ; Price NC; Wells DE

1986-01-01

135

The in vitro metabolism of Eulan WA New by liver homogenates from freshwater fish.  

Science.gov (United States)

The rate of formation of pentachloro-2-aminodiphenylether (5-PAD) from pentachloro-2-(chloromethylsulphonamido) diphenylether (6-PCSD) by goldfish liver homogenates was studied in a variety of buffers. The highest rate was observed when the homogenate was prepared and assayed in phosphate buffer containing dithiothreitol. The 5-PAD forming activity of liver homogenate preparations from a variety of freshwater fish (goldfish, carp, pike, rainbow trout, perch and eel) showed contrasting species differences. These results could be correlated with information available on the toxicity of the mothproofing agent Eulan WA New (which contains PCSDs) to these fish. PMID:2873942

Machon, A; North, M J; Price, N C; Wells, D E

1986-01-01

136

In-vitro ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF Zanthoxylum tetraspermum W.A. STEM BARK  

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Full Text Available Zanthoxylum tetraspermum W.A. (Rutaceae) is a medicinal plant traditionally used by the tribals.The present investigation deals with antioxidant activity of stem bark extract and was evaluated in a series of In-vitro assays involving free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS).The hydroethanolic plant extract exhibited itsscavenging effect in concentration dependent manner on superoxide anion radicals, hydroxyl radicals, hydrogen peroxide and DPPH radical scavenging activity. The results clearly indicate that the stem bark extract of Z.tetraspermum can be a potential source of natural antioxidant.

K. NARAYANASAMY; B. RAGAVAN

2012-01-01

137

Linkage disequilibrium analysis of D12S391 and vWA in U.S. population and paternity samples.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Recently, the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes voted to adopt five additional STR loci (D12S391, D1S1656, D2S441, D10S1248, and D22S1045) to their existing European Standard Set of seven STRs (TH01, vWA, FGA, D8S1179, D18S51, D21S11, and D3S1358). The D12S391 and vWA loci are located 6.3megabases (Mb) apart on chromosome 12. Ideally for use in forensic analyses, genetic markers on the same chromosome should be more than 50Mb in physical distance in order to ensure full recombination and thus independent inheritance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if the closely located D12S391 and vWA loci are independent and, consequently, if these loci can be included in the product rule calculation for forensic and kinship analyses. Departures from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and linkage disequilibrium between the D12S391 and vWA loci were tested using n=654 unrelated U.S. African American, Caucasian, and Hispanic samples, and n=764 father/son paternity samples. In the unrelated U.S. population samples, no significant departures from HWE were detected for D12S391 or vWA. No significant evidence of linkage disequilibrium was observed between the loci in the population samples. However, significant linkage disequilibrium was detected in U.S. African American, Caucasian, and Asian father/son samples with phased genotypes. No significant linkage disequilibrium was detected for U.S. Hispanic paternity samples. The use of phased father/son pairs allowed for robust detection of linkage disequilibrium between D12S391 and vWA. In unrelated population samples, linkage disequilibrium is present but more difficult to detect due to the large number of possible haplotype combinations and unknown allelic phase. For casework analyses that involve unrelated or related individuals, the single-locus genotype probabilities for D12S391 and vWA should not be multiplied to determine the match probability of an autosomal STR profile. Since the D12S391 and vWA loci are not independent, it is recommended that the observed combination of alleles at D12S391 and vWA should be treated as a non-independent diplotype for profile probability calculations. The observed haplotype frequencies for U.S. African American, Caucasian, Hispanic, and Asian populations are provided for match probability calculations.

O'Connor KL; Hill CR; Vallone PM; Butler JM

2011-11-01

138

Linkage disequilibrium analysis of D12S391 and vWA in U.S. population and paternity samples.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recently, the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes voted to adopt five additional STR loci (D12S391, D1S1656, D2S441, D10S1248, and D22S1045) to their existing European Standard Set of seven STRs (TH01, vWA, FGA, D8S1179, D18S51, D21S11, and D3S1358). The D12S391 and vWA loci are located 6.3megabases (Mb) apart on chromosome 12. Ideally for use in forensic analyses, genetic markers on the same chromosome should be more than 50Mb in physical distance in order to ensure full recombination and thus independent inheritance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if the closely located D12S391 and vWA loci are independent and, consequently, if these loci can be included in the product rule calculation for forensic and kinship analyses. Departures from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and linkage disequilibrium between the D12S391 and vWA loci were tested using n=654 unrelated U.S. African American, Caucasian, and Hispanic samples, and n=764 father/son paternity samples. In the unrelated U.S. population samples, no significant departures from HWE were detected for D12S391 or vWA. No significant evidence of linkage disequilibrium was observed between the loci in the population samples. However, significant linkage disequilibrium was detected in U.S. African American, Caucasian, and Asian father/son samples with phased genotypes. No significant linkage disequilibrium was detected for U.S. Hispanic paternity samples. The use of phased father/son pairs allowed for robust detection of linkage disequilibrium between D12S391 and vWA. In unrelated population samples, linkage disequilibrium is present but more difficult to detect due to the large number of possible haplotype combinations and unknown allelic phase. For casework analyses that involve unrelated or related individuals, the single-locus genotype probabilities for D12S391 and vWA should not be multiplied to determine the match probability of an autosomal STR profile. Since the D12S391 and vWA loci are not independent, it is recommended that the observed combination of alleles at D12S391 and vWA should be treated as a non-independent diplotype for profile probability calculations. The observed haplotype frequencies for U.S. African American, Caucasian, Hispanic, and Asian populations are provided for match probability calculations. PMID:21067983

O'Connor, Kristen Lewis; Hill, Carolyn R; Vallone, Peter M; Butler, John M

2010-11-09

139

Flow analysis with WaSiM-ETH – model parameter sensitivity at different scales  

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Full Text Available WaSiM-ETH (Gurtz et al., 2001), a widely used water balance simulation model, is tested for its suitability to serve for flow analysis in the context of rainfall runoff modelling and flood forecasting. In this paper, special focus is on the resolution of the process domain in space as well as in time. We try to couple model runs with different calculation time steps in order to reduce the effort arising from calculating the whole flow hydrograph at the hourly time step. We aim at modelling on the daily time step for water balance purposes, switching to the hourly time step whenever high-resolution information is necessary (flood forecasting). WaSiM-ETH is used at different grid resolutions, thus we try to become clear about being able to transfer the model in spatial resolution. We further use two different approaches for the overland flow time calculation within the sub-basins of the test watershed to gain insights about the process dynamics portrayed by the model. Our findings indicate that the model is very sensitive to time and space resolution and cannot be transferred across scales without recalibration.

J. Cullmann; V. Mishra; R. Peters

2006-01-01

140

WA1ms: a ~2.61 Ga muscovite standard for 40Ar/39Ar dating  

Science.gov (United States)

The 40Ar/39Ar dating technique requires the use of neutron fluence monitors (standards) to allow calculating the age of a sample. Precise calibrations of these standards are crucial to obtain accurate age and decrease the uncertainties associated with 40Ar/39Ar dates. Few fully intercalibrated 40Ar/39Ar standards are currently in use in the argon community, including: Hb3gr hornblende [1080.4 ± 1.1 Ma]; TC sanidine [28.619 ± 0.034]; FC sanidine [28.305 ± 0.036 Ma]; GA1550 biotite [99.769 ± 0.108 Ma] and AC sanidine [1.2061 ± 0.0019 Ma] (all the present ages are calculated using the decay constants of [1] and are reported at 1?). All these standards show an excellent grain-to-grain reproducibility with for example an average relative standard deviation of the F-value (40Ar*/39ArK) of 0.38% and 0.59% for FCs and Hb3gr, respectively. Ideally, available standards should span a range of age along the geological timescale and include a variety of minerals to be able to 1) minimize the isotopic range between the standard and the unknown (i.e. similar age) and 2) allow loading standard grains that are optically different from the unknown, to avoid accidental mixing within the irradiation discs. On a more practical aspect, Ca-free standard should be available to allow rapid measurement of standard grains upon irradiation without the need to wait few months for 37Ar* to decay. For Precambrian samples, only Hb3gr (~1.08 Ga) and NL-25 (~2.65 Ga) are in the right range of age to allow optimal sample age measurement. Whereas Hb3gr showed a good grain-to-grain reproducibility [2, 3], modern mass spectrometric and laser techniques have shown that NL-25 hornblende failed to give reproducible single-grain ages with a relative standard deviation of the F-value of 2.3% [3], leaving Hb3gr the only reliable standard for this period of time. Here, we present intercalibration results for a new ~2.6 Ga standard. WA1ms is a muscovite extracted from an Archean shear zone in the Lake Johnston greenstone belt, Western Australia. So far, WA1ms has been investigated over 3 irradiations of 25 hours, several disc positions, and two grains sizes of 125-215 ?m and 215-300 ?m and has been calibrated against FCs and GA1550 (Hb3gr in progress). We carried out 35 total fusion measurements and 4 step-heating experiments. Flat age spectra and an average F-value relative standard deviation of 0.57% (34/35 analyses; MSWD = 0.97; P = 0.52) demonstrate the reproducibility of WA1ms and its suitability as a reliable 40Ar/39Ar standard. Based on the 34 total fusion ages, we calculated R[WA1ms/FCs] = 205.59 ± 0.35 and R[WA1ms/GA1550] = 57.24 ± 0.09 with a resulting weighted mean age for WA1ms of 2610.3 ± 2.0 Ma (± 0.08%, 1?). This correspond to a 40Ar*/40K value of (3.3776±0.0026) x 10-1, which is independent of the value of the decay constant used for calculation. In addition, WA1 muscovite does not require any post-irradiation waiting time (no 37Ar decay) and can be analysed readily upon return from the reactor (a typical waiting period for Hb3gr is four months). WA1ms is freely available to the argon community upon request. [1] Renne et al. GCA 2010; [2] Jourdan et al., Chem. Geol. 2007 ; [3] Jourdan and Renne, GCA 2007.

Jourdan, F.; Frew, A.; Joly, A.

2011-12-01

 
 
 
 
141

Corrosion Properties of Duplex Stainless Steels - STS329LD and STS329J3L - for the Seawater Systems in Nuclear Power Plant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Lean duplex stainless steels have been developed in Korea for the purpose of being used in the seawater systems of industry. There are also many important seawater systems in nuclear power plants. These systems supply seawater to cooling water condenser tubes, heat exchanger tubes, related pipes and chlorine injection systems. The flow velocity of some part of seawater systems in nuclear power plants is high and damages of components from corrosion are severe. The considered lean duplex stainless steels are STS329LD (20.3Cr-2.2Ni-1.4Mo) and STS329J3L (22.4Cr-5.7Ni-3Mo) and PRENs of them are 29.4 and 37.3 respectively. Physical, mechanical and micro-structural properties of them are evaluated, and electrochemical corrosion resistance is measured quantitatively in NaCl solution. Critical Pitting Temperatures (CPT)s are measured on these alloys and pit depths are evaluated using laser microscope. Long period field tests on these alloys are now being performed, and some results are going to be presented in the following study

2011-01-01

142

Steric effects in state-to-state scattering of OH (2?3/2,J=3/2,f) by HCl  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this paper we address stereodynamical issues in the inelastic encounters between OH (?2?) radicals and HCl (?1?+). The experiments were performed in a crossed molecular-beam machine at the nominal collision energy of 920 cm-1. Prior to the collisions, the OH molecules were selected using a hexapole in a well-defined rotational state v=0, ?=3/2, J=3/2, MJ=3/2, f, and subsequently oriented in a homogeneous electrical field. We have measured rotationally resolved relative cross sections for collisions in which OH is oriented with either the O side or the H side towards HCl, from which we have calculated the corresponding steric asymmetry factors S. The results are presented in comparison with data previously obtained by our group for the inelastic scattering of OH by CO (Ecoll=985 cm-1) and N2 (Ecoll=985 cm-1) studied under similar experimental conditions. The dissimilarity in the behavior of the OH+HCl system revealed by this comparison is explained on the basis of the difference in the anisotropy of the interaction potential governing the collisions. The interpretation of the data takes into account the specific features of both nonreactive and reactive parts of the potential-energy surface. The results indicate that the scattering dynamics at this collision energy may be influenced by the HO-HCl van der Waals well and by reorientation effects determined by the long-range electrostatic forces and, furthermore, may involve reactive collisions.

2005-08-08

143

Classification of dark energy models in the (w_0,w_a) plane  

CERN Multimedia

We classify dark energy models in a plane of observables that correspond to the common parameterization of a non-constant equation of state, w(a)=w_0 + w_a(1-a), where $a$ is the scale factor of the universe. The models fall into four classes and only two of these classes have a region of overlap in the observable plane. We perform a joint analysis of all Type Ia supernova (SNIa) data compiled by the High-Z SN Search Team (HZT) and the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS) and find that no class of models is excluded by current SNIa data. However, an analysis of large scale structure, Ly$\\alpha$ forest and bias constraints from SDSS, the Gold SNIa data and WMAP data indicates that non-phantom barotropic models with a a positive sound speed are excluded at the 95% C.L.

Barger, V; Marfatia, D

2006-01-01

144

Isolation, Characterization and Pharmacological Studies of A Flavonol Glucoside From Trichilia connaroides (W.&A.) Bentilizen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A flavonol glucoside, namely populnin (Kaempferol-7-O-glucoside ) was isolated from the leaves of Trichilia connaroides (W.&A.) Bentilizen. Investigation of the methanolic leaf extract of Trichilia connaroides for analgesic activity led to the isolation of populnin. Structural elucidation of the isolated compound was achieved by IR, 1H-NMR and LC-MS. The methanolic extract and the isolated compound were tested for analgesic activity using the Eddy’s hot plate method and the Acetic acid induced writhing test. In both tests populnin showed significant analgesic activity (P<0.001) at a dose of 50 mg/Kg b.w. The methanolic extract and populnin did not show any acute toxicity. Isolation of the flavonol glucoside and the activity observed in this study may explain in part the use of the tree in traditional medicine as a crude analgesic drug.

Dudekula Meharoon; Somasekhar Vanitad; Purnima Ashok

2011-01-01

145

Results from WA80 on transverse energy production, fluctuations in multiparticle production, and ?/?0 ratios  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented concerning transverse energy production from the WA80 run of 1987 using beams of E/A=200 GeV 32S produced by the CERN SPS. Comparisons are made to the earlier results obtained with E/A=60 and 200 GeV 16O. The results of an analysis of fluctuations in the charged-particle pseudorapidity densities for the 16O data are presented next. These analyses were carried out following a method suggested by Bialas and Peschanski. This reveals fluctuations down to pseudorapidity scales of ??=0.1. Finally, a preliminary value is presented for the excess of observed photons over known sources in reactions of E/A=200 GeV 16O+Au. These measurements span the pseudorapidity interval 1.5T=0.4-2.4 GeV/c. This excess is observed for central O+Au collisions but not peripheral O+Au collisions. (orig.).

1989-01-01

146

Mother-child double incompatibility at vWA and D5S818 loci in paternity testing.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: In a paternity dispute case, 17 autosomal short tandem repeats (STR) were examined and signified a possible paternal mismatch at vWA locus and a maternal mismatch at D5S818 locus in the child under investigation. METHODS: Seventeen autosomal, 17 Y-chromosome and six X-chromosome repeat loci were used in parentage analysis. The mutated vWA and D5S818 alleles were amplified, cloned and sequenced to analyze the repeat structure. RESULTS: The vWA locus genotype in the mother, questioned child and suspected father were 18/19, 16/18 and 14/18, and were 13/15, 11/12 and 11/14, respectively, for the D5S818 locus. A complete match with the mother at six X-chromosome STR loci and with the father at 17 Y-chromosome STR loci was observed. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the family at vWA alleles indicated the maternal loss of the repeat motif TCTA by two repeat units and a loss of AGAT repeat by one unit in the D5S818 locus leading to an allele mismatch in the child. The probability of maternity and paternity were 0.999999 and 0.999999, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study of a maternally transmitted microsatellite mutation in the loci D5S818 and vWA in paternity DNA testing. The results convincingly established that the mother and suspected father are the biological parents of the questioned child.

Narkuti V; Vellanki RN; Gandhi KP; Mangamoori LN

2007-01-01

147

Estimation of wind energy resources of Minami Daito Jima Island by WA{sup S}P; WA{sup S}P ni yoru Minamidaito jima uindo atorasu to sono hyoka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Utilization of renewable energy resources is highly expected in remote islands. In the islands, the electricity cost of conventional Diesel power generator is very high and many of them have less water resources even for agricultural irrigation. In this paper wind atlas of Minami Daito Jima island, one of typical remote island of Okinawa, produced by WA{sup S}P is presented and analyzed. (author)

Ameku, K.; Zakimi, H.; Nagai, M. [Univ., of the Ryukyus, Okinawa (Japan); Nagamine, M.

1998-12-05

148

Human rheumatoid factor cross-idiotypes. IV. Studies on WA XId-positive IgM without rheumatoid factor activity provide evidence that the WA XId is not unique to rheumatoid factors and is distinct from the 17.109 and G6 XIds  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The WA cross-idiotype (XId) is the major XId among human monoclonal rheumatoid factors (mRF) and is almost always associated with the light (L) chain XId, 17.109, and the heavy (H) chain XId, G6. A cell line, 35G6, was cloned that bears the WA XId, but shows no reactivity with immunoglobulin G (IgG)...

149

Effects of sediment remediation on reproductive function in English sole from Eagle Harbor, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Eagle Harbor, near Bainbridge Island in Puget Sound, WA is currently designated as an EPA Superfund site because of high levels of creosote-derived PAHs in the sediments. In 1986--88, the authors conducted a series of studies evaluating reproductive function in English sole from Eagle Harbor. These studies showed that only about 60% of adult female sole from the Eagle Harbor site entered vitellogenesis, in comparison to 80--90% of females of comparable age and size from minimally contaminated Puget Sound sites. Eagle Harbor fish also exhibited reduced spawning success and lowered egg viability in comparison to fish from unpolluted sites. Both types of reproductive function were associated with depressed plasma levels of reproductive steroids (e.g. 17-B estradiol) in Eagle Harbor fish. In September of 1993 the EPA began placement of a cap of uncontaminated sediment over the most contaminated portions of Eagle Harbor, as a means of providing clean habitat for benthic organisms and reducing risk from the contaminants contained in the sediments. Since the time of capping, the authors have been monitoring reproductive development in English sole and related benthic flatfish to determine whether this restoration will result in improved reproductive success in the resident flatfish of Eagle Harbor. Preliminary results indicate that the proportion of maturing females has increased to approximately 75%. Other reproductive parameters, including plasma steroid hormone concentration and ovarian atresia, are currently being assessed. Nonetheless, the initial data suggest that sediment remediation is associated with improved reproductive function in Eagle Harbor bottom fish.

Johnson, L.L.; Sol, S.Y.; Lomax, D.P.; Myers, M.S.; Collier, T.K. [NMFS/NOAA, Seattle, WA (United States)

1995-12-31

150

Establishment and characterization of a cell line (Wa-2) derived from an extrarenal rhabdoid tumor.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A new human cell line (Wa-2) derived from an extrarenal rhabdoid tumor has been established. The cell line grows as a monolayer consisting of round- and spindle-shaped cells. Injection of cells into nude mice results in the growth of solid tumors within 2 wk of inoculation. These solid tumors have the microscopic appearance similar to that of the original tumor from which the cell line was derived. Moreover, the tumor cells have all the features of rhabdoid tumors, including the intracytoplasmatic hyaline globules, large prominent nucleoli, and inclusion bodies made up of whorls of fibrillary material. Transplanted tumor cells stain positive for vimentin, cytokeratin, actin, and desmin and negative for myoglobin and neuron-specific enolase. Karyotyping of the cell line at different passages and cells derived from the transplant tumors consistently revealed a diploid number of chromosomes with a reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 18 and 22 [t(18;22) (q21;p11.2)]. In fibroblasts derived from the patient, no translocation could be found. Culturing the cells in the presence of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine induces differentiation, characterized by the outgrowth of neuron-like processes and the morphological appearance of cells similar to neuroblasts. Southern blot analysis showed no amplification of the N-myc oncogene. Since no published cell line derived from rhabdoid tumors exists, this cell line should be helpful to further elucidate the biology and histological origin of the malignant rhabdoid tumor.

Handgretinger R; Kimmig A; Koscielnak E; Schmidt D; Rudolph G; Wolburg H; Paulus W; Schilbach-Stueckle K; Ottenlinger C; Menrad A

1990-04-01

151

Particle Identification With The Rich Detector In Experiment Wa89 At Cern  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The RICH detector in the hyperon beam experiment WA89 at the CERN-SPS is usedfor identification of ß, K and p=p out of SigmaGamma-N reactions.Methods for reduction of charged particle background in the detector are discussed. Analgorithm for particle identification was developed and tested on a sample of ! pßdecays. A separation of p and ß with 90% efficiency and a rejection by a factor of 10or more at a momentum of 150 GeV=c was achieved.(To be published in Nucl. Instr. and Meth.)Presented at theFirst Workshop on RICH DetectorsBari, Italy, June 2--5, 1993)Work supported by the Bundesministerium fur Forschung und Technologie under contract numbers05 5HD15I, 06 HD524I, and 06 MZ5265 TP21)Institut fur Kernphysik, Univ. Mainz, Germany2)Physikalisches Institut, Univ. Heidelberg, Germany3)Max-Planck-Institut fur Kernphysik, Heidelberg, Germanya)Now at Fermilab, Batavia, Ill., USAb)On leave from Lebedev Inst., Moscow, Russia1 IntroductionWe report...

U. Muller; J. Engelfried; S. G. Gerassimov; K. Martens; R. Michaels; H. -w. Siebert

152

Nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 to 200 GeV/nucleon: Results from the WA80 experiment at CERN  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Results from {sup 16}O- and {sup 32}S-induced reactions obtained by the WA80 collaboration at the CERN SPS are presented with reference to global event characteristics such as collision geometry, the degree of nuclear stopping, and the energy density attained. Transverse momentum spectra of neutral pions and of direct photons are also presented. At an accuracy within 15% limits, all observed photons are accounted for by known hadronic decays. (orig.).

Plasil, F.; Awes, T.C.; Baktash, C.; Ferguson, R.L.; Lee, I.Y.; Saini, S.; Tincknell, M.L.; Young, G.R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Albrecht, R.; Bock, R.; Claesson, G.; Gutbrod, H.H.; Kolb, B.W.; Lund, I.; Schmidt, H.R.; Siemiarczuk, T. (Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany, F.R.)); Beckmann, P.; Berger, F.; Clewing, G.; Dragon, L.; Glasow, R.; Kampert, K.H.; Loehner, H.; Peitzmann, T.; Purschke, M.; Santo, R.; Steffens, K.; Stueken, D. (Muenster Univ. (Germany, F.R.)); Eklund, A.; Garpman, S.; Gustafsson, H.A.; Idh, J.; Oskarsson, A.; Otterlund, I.; Persson, S.; Stenlund, E. (Lund Univ. (Sweden)); Franz, A. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA) Tennessee Univ., Knoxville (USA)); Jacobs, P.; Kristiansson, P.; Poskanzer, A.M.; Ritter, H.G. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA)); Obenshain, F.E.; Sorensen, S.P. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA) Tennessee Univ., Knoxville (USA)); WA80 Collaboration

1990-12-03

153

Nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 to 200 GeV/nucleon: Results from the WA80 experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results from 16O- and 32S-induced reactions obtained by the WA80 collaboration at the CERN SPS are presented with reference to global event characteristics such as collision geometry, the degree of nuclear stopping, and the energy density attained. Transverse momentum spectra of neutral pions and of direct photons are also presented. At an accuracy within 15% limits, all observed photons are accounted for by known hadronic decays. (orig.).

1990-01-01

154

Malaria treatment-seeking behaviour and related factors of Wa ethnic minority in Myanmar: a cross-sectional study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: In Southeast Asia, data on malaria treatment-seeking behaviours and related affecting factors are rare. The population of the Wa ethnic in Myanmar has difficulty in accessing formal health care. To understand malaria treatment-seeking behaviour and household-affecting factors of the Wa people, a cross-sectional study carried out in Shan Special Region II, Myanmar. METHODS: The two methods, questionnaire-based household surveys to household heads and in-depth interviews to key informants, were carried out independently. The proportion of treatment-seeking patterns was calculated. Logistic regression was used to determine affecting factors of treatment-seeking. Qualitative data were analysed by using Text Analysis Markup System. RESULTS: Overall, 87.5% of the febrile population sought treatment, but only 32.0% did so within 24 hours. The proportion accessing the retail sector (79.6%) was statistically significant higher (P<0.0001) than accessing the public sector (10.6%). Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified family income, distances from a health facility, family decision and patient characteristics being independently associated with delayed malaria treatment. CONCLUSION: Malaria treatment-seeking behaviour is not appropriate, and affecting factors include health service systems, social and cultural factors in Wa State of Myanmar.

Xu JW; Xu QZ; Liu H; Zeng YR

2012-01-01

155

Malaria treatment-seeking behaviour and related factors of Wa ethnic minority in Myanmar: a cross-sectional study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In Southeast Asia, data on malaria treatment-seeking behaviours and related affecting factors are rare. The population of the Wa ethnic in Myanmar has difficulty in accessing formal health care. To understand malaria treatment-seeking behaviour and household-affecting factors of the Wa people, a cross-sectional study carried out in Shan Special Region II, Myanmar. Methods The two methods, questionnaire-based household surveys to household heads and in-depth interviews to key informants, were carried out independently. The proportion of treatment-seeking patterns was calculated. Logistic regression was used to determine affecting factors of treatment-seeking. Qualitative data were analysed by using Text Analysis Markup System. Results Overall, 87.5% of the febrile population sought treatment, but only 32.0% did so within 24 hours. The proportion accessing the retail sector (79.6%) was statistically significant higher (P Conclusion Malaria treatment-seeking behaviour is not appropriate, and affecting factors include health service systems, social and cultural factors in Wa State of Myanmar.

Xu Jian-Wei; Xu Qi-Zhang; Liu Hui; Zeng Yi-Rou

2012-01-01

156

Ab initio calculation of the P-odd interaction constant WA in YbF: a relativistic configuration-interaction approach  

Science.gov (United States)

We present the result for the P-odd electron–nucleus interaction constant WA of the YbF molecule in the ground (2?1/2) state, computed by using a fully relativistic restricted active space configuration-interaction method, which yields the result WA = 543 Hz, in reasonable agreement with previous calculations. This result will be useful for experimentalists proposing new experiments in the search for nuclear-spin-dependent parity-nonconserving effects in the YbF molecule.

Sikarwar, Manu; Nayak, Malaya K.; Ghosh, Swapan K.

2013-09-01

157

Interacting coastal based ecosystem services: recreation and water quality in Puget Sound, WA.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Coastal recreation and water quality are major contributors to human well-being in coastal regions. They can also interact, creating opportunities for ecosystem based management, ecological restoration, and water quality improvement that can positively affect people and the environment. Yet the effect of environmental quality on human behavior is often poorly quantified, but commonly assumed in coastal ecosystem service studies. To clarify this effect we investigate a water quality dataset for evidence that environmental condition partially explains variation in recreational visitation, our indicator of human behavior. In Puget Sound, WA, we investigate variation in visitation in both visitation rate and fixed effects (FE) models. The visitation rate model relates the differences in annual recreational visitation among parks to environmental conditions, park characteristics, travel cost, and recreational demand. In our FE model we control for all time-invariant unobserved variables and compare monthly variation at the park level to determine how water quality affects visitation during the summer season. The results of our first model illustrate how visitation relates to various amenities and costs. In the FE analysis, monthly visitation was negatively related to water quality while controlling for monthly visitation trends. This indicates people are responding to changes in water quality, and an improvement would yield an increase in the value of recreation. Together, these results could help in prioritizing water quality improvements, could assist the creation of new parks or the modification of existing recreational infrastructure, and provide quantitative estimates for the expected benefits from potential changes in recreational visitation and water quality improvements. Our results also provide an example of how recreational visitation can be quantified and used in ecosystem service assessments.

Kreitler J; Papenfus M; Byrd K; Labiosa W

2013-01-01

158

77 FR 29515 - Migratory Bird Hunting; Supplemental Proposals for Migratory Game Bird Hunting Regulations for...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Flyway Council: July 22-23, Stoney Creek Inn, Peoria, IL. Central Flyway Council: July 18-19, Econolodge Canmore, Canmore, Alberta, Canada. Pacific Flyway Council: July 13, Oxford Suites, Spokane, WA. Review of Public...

2012-05-17

159

76 FR 43653 - Notice of Petitions by Firms for Determination of Eligibility To Apply for Trade Adjustment...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Box 15288, Spokane stainless steel and aluminum. It is a Valley, WA 99215. sheet metal fabrication and paint/powder coating company. Dynalab Corp.................. 350 Commerce Drive, 07/13/2011 The firm is a...

2011-07-21

160

Lightcurve Results for 486 Cremona, 855 Newcombia 942 Romilda, 3908 Nyx, 5139 Rumoi, 5653 Camarillo, (102866) 1999 WA5  

Science.gov (United States)

Differential photometry results for seven asteroids are reported here. The synodic period for 486 Cremona was found to be 61.15 hr with an amplitude of 0.8 mag; 855 Newcombia - 3.003 hr and 0.35 mag; 942 Romilda - 6.965 hr and 0.35 mag; 5139 Rumoi - 3.257 hr and 0.4 mag; 5653 Camarillo - 4.834 hr and 0.5 mag; (102866) 1999 WA5 - 3.09 hr and 0.35 mag. 3908 Nyx shows fast changes in lightcurve shape as previously seen by Kaasalainen et al. (2003).

Cooney, Walter R., Jr.; Gross, John; Terrell, Dirk; Reddy, Vishnu; Dyvig, Ron

2007-06-01

 
 
 
 
161

Decommissioning samples from the Ft. Lewis, WA, solvent refined coal pilot plant: chemical analysis and biological testing  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report presents the results from chemical analyses and limited biological assays of three sets of samples from the Ft. Lewis, WA solvent refined coal (SRC) pilot plant. The samples were collected during the process of decommissioning this facility. Chemical composition was determined for chemical class fractions of the samples by using high-resolution gas chromatography (GC), high-resolution GC/mass spectrometry (MS) and high-resolution MS. Biological activity was measuring using both the histidine reversion microbial mutagenicity assay with Salmonella typhimurium, TA98 and an initiation/promotion mouse-skin tumorigenicity assay. 19 refs., 7 figs., 27 tabs.

Weimer, W.C.; Wright, C.W.

1985-10-01

162

Contribution to the experimental study of charmed hadrons produced with hyperon beams (WA89 experiment); Contribution a l'etude experimentale des hadrons charmes produits avec un faisceau d'hyperons (experience WA89)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Since 1989 the author has been involved in the CERN WA89 experiment that is dedicated to the production of charmed hadrons with hyperon beams. The features and the experimental setting of WA89 are presented in the first chapter. The second chapter is dedicated to the on-line and off-line identification of {lambda}{sup 0} particles produced in charmed particles decay. The former is made through an adequate trigger and the latter is an event filter based on a fast identification criterion of a likely decay of {lambda}{sup 0}. The identification of {lambda}{sup 0} has required the development of algorithms to test the validity of the track reconstruction in the decay area between the target and the spectrometer and to check the validity of the identification of the decay vertex of {lambda}{sup 0}. The last chapter is dedicated to data analysis. The identification of D{sub S} mesons in K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi} final state is detailed. An accurate determination of the D{sub S} production cross-section is not yet possible because of the low statistics but it was possible to make a preliminary assessment that has given: {sigma} = (1.5 {+-} 0.7) {mu}b/nucleon with x{sub F} > 0. (A.C.)

Berat, C

1996-10-15

163

Arc-like distribution of high CO(J=3-2)/CO(J=1-0) ratio gas surrounding the central star cluster of the supergiant HII region NGC 604  

CERN Document Server

We report the discovery of a high CO(J=3-2)/CO(J=1-0) ratio gas with an arc-like distribution (``high-ratio gas arc'') surrounding the central star cluster of the supergiant HII region NGC 604 in the nearby spiral galaxy M 33, based on multi-J CO observations of a 5' $\\times$ 5' region of NGC 604 conducted using the ASTE 10-m and NRO 45-m telescopes. The discovered ``high-ratio gas arc'' extends to the south-east to north-west direction with a size of $\\sim$ 200 pc. The western part of the high-ratio gas arc closely coincides well with the shells of the HII regions traced by H$\\alpha$ and radio continuum peaks. The CO(J=3-2)/CO(J=1-0) ratio, R_{3-2/1-0}, ranges between 0.3 and 1.2 in the observed region, and the R_{3-2/1-0} values of the high-ratio gas arc are around or higher than unity, indicating very warm (T_kin > 60 K) and dense (n(H_2) > 10^{3-4} cm^{-3}) conditions of the high-ratio gas arc. We suggest that the dense gas formation and second-generation star formation occur in the surrounding gas compre...

Tosaki, T; Sawada, T; Kuno, N; Nakanishi, K; Kohno, K; Okumura, S K; Kawabe, R

2007-01-01

164

Views of healthcare professionals dealing with legal termination of pregnancy up to 12 WA in French-speaking Switzerland.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: In 2002, by popular vote, Swiss citizens accepted to legalise termination of pregnancy (TOP), up to the 12th week of amenorrhoea (WA). As a result, the cantons formulated rules of application. In 2002, medical TOP was authorised. Health institutions then had to modify their procedures and practices. QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY/PRINCIPLES: What are the views of healthcare professionals on the modifications of procedures and practices implemented in French-speaking Switzerland? METHODS: Qualitative method: in-depth interviews with 77 healthcare professionals, including doctors, nurses and midwives, and sexual and reproductive health social workers. Voluntary participation. Thematic analysis with content analysis software. RESULTS: Most professionals have a balanced point of view on their practices. There is no point of view specific to each different category of professionals interviewed. They are unanimous on the elimination of the need for a second opinion. The points of view diverge on the usefulness of imposed waiting time to think before TOP, minors' access to TOP without parental consent, access to medical TOP and the right to refuse to practice TOP for personal reasons in public hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: The professionals do not question women's right to have TOP up to 12 WA, but they do diverge over procedures and practices. Institutional and cantonal cultures are probably behind these differences.

Perrin E; Berthoud M; Pott M; Vera AG; Bianchi-Demicheli F

2012-01-01

165

Al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan in Spain: A National Project for an Islamic Transnational Movement?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The author examines recent developments in Muslim associations of Spain established by Moroccan immigrants linked to the Islamic movement al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan (Justice and Spirituality). By analyzing the discourse of an emerging leadership of this movement, she seeks to understand how the political commitment and spiritual bond of these activists with the Moroccan Guide both incorporate and rework elements from the dominant discourse on the necessary adaptation of Islam to Spain. Based on in-depth interviews with these leaders, she explores how the Movement’s commitment to Morocco as well as the ummah (Universal Community of Believers) interact with the way these muslims perceive and position themselves in the national context of Spain.Se examina en este ensayo la evolución reciente de las asociaciones musulmanas en España creadas por inmigrantes marroquíes vinculados al movimiento islámico al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan (Justicia y Espiritualidad). Partiendo de las declaraciones de un liderazgo emergente de este movimiento en España, la autora trata de explicar cómo el compromiso político de estas personas y el vínculo espiritual con su Guía marroquí incorporan, al tiempo que reelaboran, elementos del discurso dominante sobre la necesaria adaptación del islam a España. Entrevistas en profundidad con estos activistas revelan cómo los lazos del Movimiento con Marruecos y con la umma (Comunidad universal de creyentes) interactúan con el modo en el que estos musulmanes perciben y se posicionan en el contexto nacional de España.

Arigita, Elena

2010-01-01

166

Prognosis of groundwater recharge by means of the simulation tool PCSiWaPro® under the conditions of climate change  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent studies showed that varying atmospheric conditions as a result of climate change have a significant impact on the magnitude and time variable development of groundwater recharge. Essentially there are two driving factors that influence groundwater recharge: the temporal distribution of precipitation, and the saturation processes resulting from capillary effects in the unsaturated soil zone. Water balance processes can accurately be modelled by using the Richards' equation for transient flow, together with the Van-Genuchten/Luckner approximation describing hysteresis relationships between water contents and pressure heads in the soil. Precipitation distributions, as boundary conditions for the unsaturated model, can be generated from climate data measurements using statistical analysis tools. These synthetic time series reflect both the real climate conditions in a given model area, as well as statistical variations of rainfall by implementing characteristics of a predefined probability distribution. Depending on the kind of distribution, the resulting time series can represent both annual rainfall variations as well as long-term climate changes. The Institute of Waste Management and Contaminated Site Treatment of the TU Dresden has developed two software programs that help estimate these two driving forces for groundwater recharge. WettGen is a weather generator using a Weibull distribution and Markov chain approximations to create synthetic climate time series. These are applied as an upper boundary condition for PCSiWaPro®, a numerical finite element simulation tool solving the Richards' equation for water balance and a convection dispersion equation for contaminant. The result of this coupled simulation is an outflow at the lower boundary of the PCSiWaPro® model, which can be interpreted as a recharge rate for the underlying aquifer. Considering that climate change scenarios for Germany predict longer dry periods and an increase of extreme precipitation events, simulations showed that groundwater recharge rates tend to decrease. This is due to the fact that during extreme events the maximum infiltration rate is reached much sooner than for rain periods with a lower intensity and a longer duration, leading to higher rates of surface runoff. Current advancements of the existing modelling components include a more accurate estimate of groundwater recharge, which will be achieved by taking into account the interactions between unsaturated soil zone processes and groundwater processes. To implement this, a coupling between PCSiWaPro® and a groundwater simulation software, PCGeofim® by IBGW Leipzig, is currently being worked on. This will not only enhance the accurate estimation of groundwater recharge, but it will also give new insights into which effects different time series of precipitation have on the transport of contaminations through the unsaturated soil zone, and into the groundwater.

Meyer, M.; Sallwey, J.; Hasan, I.; Graeber, P.-W.

2012-04-01

167

RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3: a JAERI improved version of RELAP4/MOD6 for transient thermal-hydraulic analysis of LWR including effects of BWR core spray  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code is the latest version of RELAP4/MOD6/Update4 improved in JAERI. The major improvements and modifications included in this version have been carried out aiming at small break LOCA analysis and BWR-LOCA analysis after core spray initiation. For example, a CCFL calculation model and a spray heat transfer model have been added for BWR-LOCA analysis. Using these models, through calculation from the beginning of blowdown to the end of reflood in BWR-LOCA was made practicable. Furthermore, the analyses of operational transients of LWR were facilitated greatly by an addition of a trip reset function. In this report, the description of the improvements and modifications included in this version, the input data description, and the results of two sample problems are contained. (author).

1981-01-01

168

Online: a program to display histograms and control monitor processes on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

ONLINE is a program which can be launched from any terminal on the WA62 experiment's DEC VAX 11/780 computer when the Native mode data acquisition system is running. It is used to display histograms produced by the various experiment monitor processes running under the system and can establish links with such processes to allow the user to issue monitor commands and change internal monitor process parameters. This report describes the criteria used in the design of ONLINE and shows some of the features of the VAX/VMS Operating System which are used to access histograms produced by monitor processes, to establish communications links with monitor processes and to provide the user with an easy to learn system for the examination of online experimental data in a graphical form. Also given, is a brief account of the way monitor processes are structured and how this structure facilitates user-monitor dialogue. (author).

1981-01-01

169

SOURCE APPORTIONMENT OF PM2.5 IN SEATTLE, WA URBAN IMPROVE SITE: COMPARISON OF THREE RECEPTOR MODELS AND SOURCE PROFILES  

Science.gov (United States)

IMPROVE protocol data were collected at the urban Beacon Hill monitoring site in Seattle, WA from 1996-99. The 289 sets of PM2.5 filters were analyzed for: metals using PIXIE and XRF, anions using ion chromatography, elemental hydrogen (H) by proton scattering, and elemental an...

170

Nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 to 200 GeV/nucleon: Photon measurement results from the WA80 experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Photon measurement results from 16O+197Au reactions at 200 GeV/nucleon obtained by the WA80 collaboration at the CERN SPS are presented. Transverse momentum spectra of neutral pions and of direct photons are shown. At an accuracy within 15% limits, all observed photons are accounted for by known hadronic decays

1990-01-01

171

Nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 to 200 GeV/nucleon: Photon measurement results from the WA80 experiment at CERN  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Photon measurement results from {sup 16}O+{sup 197}Au reactions at 200 GeV/nucleon obtained by the WA80 collaboration at the CERN SPS are presented. Transverse momentum spectra of neutral pions and of direct photons are shown. At an accuracy within 15% limits, all observed photons are accounted for by known hadronic decays.

1990-11-01

172

Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water by Coagulation/Filtration, U.S. EPA Demonstration Project at the City of Okanogan, WA - Final Performance Evaluation Report  

Science.gov (United States)

This report documents the activities performed during and the results obtained from the arsenic removal treatment technology demonstration project at the City of Okanogan, WA facility. The objectives of the project were to evaluate: (1) the effectiveness of Filtronics? FH-13 Ele...

173

Identifying Pathfinder Elements for Gold in Multi-Element Soil Geochemical Data from the Wa-Lawra Belt, Northwest Ghana: A Multivariate Statistical Approach  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A multivariate statistical analysis was performed on multi-element soil geochemical data from the Koda Hill-Bulenga gold prospects in the Wa-Lawra gold belt, northwest Ghana. The objectives of the study were to define gold relationships with other trace elements to determine possible pathfinder elem...

Prosper Mackenzie Nude; John Mahfouz Asigri; Sandow Mark Yidana; Emmanuel Arhin; Gordon Foli; Jacob Mawuko Kutu

174

Development and testing of a Cerenkov counter for hyperon on line tagging (WA89 experiment at CERN)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] HYPOLIT (HYPerons On LIne Tagging) is a new Counter for tagging hyperons on line, in the 250 GeV/c beam (rms 7%) of the second phase of the WA89 experiment at CERN. It is a fast RICH counter with low angular acceptance but a great resolution power. The counter is equipped with a 6 m focal length spherical mirror and a chromatic corrector. The size of the Cerenkov rings is reduced by means of set of two conical mirrors to match the active area of an image intensifier. Its output window is devided into 160 pixels read with 160 photomultipliers via fibre optics. The counter has been tested at CERN in 2, 4 and 8 GeV/c electron beam and in 220 GeV/c pion beam containing also 5.3% kaons and 0.7% antiprotons. A spatial resolution of 0.125 mm was achieved on the radius, which represents 1/5 of the pion-Kaon separation. The ring radius is determined electronically in less than 2.5 microseconds. A Monte-Carlo simulation was performed at 360 GeV/c. It is shown that the tagging is also possible at this energy, despite the ten times greater emittance of this beam, after some modifications on the chromatic corrector and the detection system. (orig.)

1994-01-01

175

ONGs, indios y petroléo: El caso U'wa a través de los mapas del territorio en disputa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ONGS, INDIENS ET PÉTROLE : LE DOSSIER U'WA À TRAVERS LES CARTES DE LA QUERELLE TERRITORIALE. Cet article explore les cartes du dossier U?wa. Cette confrontation est devenue célèbre suite à la menace de suicide d?un peuple indigène face à un projet pétrolier mené par deux grandes entreprises multinationales, OXY et SHELL, associées à l?État colombien. Le récit d?une ? tribu ? décidée à se suicider au nom de ce qu?elle considère sacré a attiré l?attention des médias du monde entier mais aussi de nombreuses organisations non gouvernementales (ONGs) écologiques et des droits de l?homme. Ces dernières ont une participation active dans cette dispute qui se déroule dans le cadre du conflit armé colombien. L?objet de cet article est de mener une réflexion à propos des récits, des images et des représentations avec lesquelles les différents acteurs agissent dans la confrontation. À un certain moment de la controverse, toutes les parties ont préparé et même publié des cartes pour soutenir, souligner et illustrer leur argumentation. Elles montrent toutes le même ensemble de zones : celle de l?aire d?exploitation pétrolière et celles de la réserve indigène légalement reconnue et de l?aire réclamée comme territoire ancestral par les U?wa. Cependant chacun a choisi de montrer la relation entre ces surfaces de façon particulière et met en relief certains éléments. Ces cartes peuvent donc être considérées comme des textes culturels et conforment ainsi un corpus à explorer pour comprendre le conflit. Étant donné que la cartographie prétend être objective, les cartes sont apparemment éloignées des positions qui sont prises dans la discussion. Elles nous offrent, en conséquence, un point de vue privilégié pour entrevoir les hypothèses et les présuppositions de chacun des acteurs. Cet article nous permet une meilleure approcheà travers les cartes, du ? sous-texte ? des antagonistes, des notions, opinions et intentions que les acteurs n'expriment pas de façon explicite, c?est-à-dire de l?inconscient politique de chaque ligne d?argumentation. L?analyse critique de la cartographie nous montre comment, paradoxalement, l?? agenda ? des ONGs écologiques ressemble à celle des agents du développement pétrolier en s?appuyant sur le même type de catégories et de notions. Il nous montre aussi les dispositifs à travers lesquels la cosmologie indigène est rendue statique et essentielle, devenant en même temps invisible et sans légitimité. El presente artículo hace un análisis del caso U'wa, una confrontación que debe su celebridad a la amenaza de suicidio de un pueblo indígena frente a un proyecto petrolero adelantado por dos grandes compañías (la OXY y la SHELL) asociadas con el Estado colombiano. El relato de una ?tribu? dispuesta a suicidarse a nombre de lo que ella considera sagrado ha llamado la atención no sólo de los medios en el mundo, sino de numerosas organizaciones no gubernamentales ambientalistas e indigenistas, las que han intervenido de manera activa en esta disputa que se desarrolla en medio del conflicto armado colombiano. El propósito de este artículo es el de adelantar una reflexión sobre el conjunto de relatos, imágenes y representaciones que han guiado las prácticas de los diferentes actores en la confrontación. Todas las partes han preparado e incluso publicado mapas en algún punto de la controversia con el fin de sustentar, resaltar e ilustrar su argumentación. Todos ellos muestran el mismo conjunto de zonas: las del área de explotación petrolera y los territorios indígenas tanto reconocidos por la ley como los reclamados por los indígenas. Cada uno muestra, sin embargo, estas zonas y la relación entre ellas de manera particular y pone en relieve ciertos elementos. Estos mapas se pueden considerar como verdaderos textos culturales y constituyen así un corpus para aproximarnos a la confrontación. Debido a la pretensión de objetividad con la que se expresa la cartografía, los mapas aparece

Serje, Margarita

2003-01-01

176

Human rheumatoid factor crossidiotypes. II. Primary structure-dependent crossreactive idiotype, PSL2-CRI, present on Wa monoclonal rheumatoid factors is present on Bla and other IgM kappa monoclonal autoantibodies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The amino acid sequence of the L-CDR2 (complementarity-determining region) of Bla mRF (monoclonal rheumatoid factor) is identical to that of the Wa mRFs. The PSL2-CRI (crossreactive idiotype), as determined by anti-PSL2, which has been shown to be present on all Wa mRFs, is also present on the Bla m...

177

A Geochemical and Geophysical Examination of Submarine Groundwater Discharge and Associated Nutrient Loading Estimates into Lynch Cove, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Geochemical tracer data (i.e., 222Rn and four naturally occurring Ra isotopes), electromagnetic (EM) seepage meter results, and high-resolution, stationary electrical resistivity images were used to examine the bi-directional (i.e., submarine groundwater discharge and recharge) exchange of a coastal aquifer with sea water. Our study site for these experiments was Lynch Cove, the terminus of Hood Canal, WA, where fjord- like conditions dramatically limit water column circulation that can lead to recurring summer-time hypoxic events. In such a system a precise nutrient budget may be particularly sensitive to groundwater-derived nutrient loading. Shore-perpendicular time-series subsurface resistivity profiles show clear, decimeter-scale tidal modulation of the coastal aquifer in response to large, regional hydraulic gradients, hydrologically- transmissive glacial terrain, and large (4-5m) tidal amplitudes. A 5-day 222Rn time-series shows a strong inverse covariance between 222Rn activities (0.5 - 29 dpm L-1) and water level fluctuations, and provides compelling evidence for tidally-modulated exchange of groundwater across the sediment / water interface. Mean Rn-derived submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) rates of 85±84 cm d-1 agree closely in the timing and magnitude with EM seepage meter results that showed discharge during low tide and recharge during the high tide events. To evaluate the importance of fresh versus saline SGD, Rn-derived SGD rates (as a proxy of total SGD) were compared to excess 226Ra-derived SGD rates (as a proxy for the saline contribution of SGD).

Swarzenski, P. W.; Simonds, F. W.; Paulson, A. J.; Kruse, S.; Reich, C. D.

2008-12-01

178

Sunlight-Induced Inactivation of Human Wa and Porcine OSU Rotaviruses in the Presence of Exogenous Photosensitizers.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Human rotavirus Wa and porcine rotavirus OSU solutions were irradiated with simulated solar UV and visible light in the presence of different photosensitizers dissolved in buffered solutions. For human rotavirus, the exogenous effects were greater than the endogenous effects under irradiation with full spectrum and UVA and visible light at 25 °C. For porcine rotavirus, the exogenous effects with UVA and visible light irradiation were only observed at high temperatures, >40 °C. The results from dark experiments conducted at different temperatures suggest that porcine rotavirus has higher thermostability than human rotavirus. Concentrations of 3'-MAP excited triplet states of 1.8 fM and above resulted in significant human rotavirus inactivation. The measured excited triplet state concentrations of ?0.45 fM produced by UVA and visible light irradiation of natural dissolved organic matter solutions were likely not directly responsible for rotavirus inactivation. Instead, the linear correlation for human rotavirus inactivation rate constant (kobs) with the phenol degradation rate constant (kexp) found in both 1 mM NaHCO3 and 1 mM phosphate-buffered solutions suggested that OH radical was a major reactive species for the exogenous inactivation of rotaviruses. Linear correlations between rotavirus kobs and specific UV254 nm absorbance of two river-dissolved organic matter and two effluent organic matter isolates indicated that organic matter aromaticity may help predict formation of radicals responsible for rotavirus inactivation. The results from this study also suggested that the differences in rotavirus strains should be considered when predicting solar inactivation of rotavirus in sunlit surface waters.

Romero-Maraccini OC; Sadik NJ; Rosado-Lausell SL; Pugh CR; Niu XZ; Croué JP; Nguyen TH

2013-10-01

179

Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obtained from King County and from US Census data. Fast food restaurant addresses were obtained from Public Health-Seattle & King County and were geocoded. Fast food density was expressed per tract unit area and per capita. Arterial road density was a measure of vehicular and pedestrian access. Multivariate logistic regression models containing both socioeconomic status and road density were used in data analyses. Results Over one half (53.1%) of King County census tracts had at least one fast food restaurant. Mean network distance from dwelling units to a fast food restaurant countywide was 1.40 km, and 1.07 km for census tracts containing at least one fast food restaurant. Fast food restaurant density was significantly associated in regression models with low median household income (p Conclusion No significant association was observed between census tract minority status and fast food density in King County. Although restaurant density was linked to low household incomes, that effect was attenuated by arterial road density. Fast food restaurants in King County are more likely to be located in lower income neighborhoods and higher traffic areas.

Hurvitz Philip M; Moudon Anne V; Rehm Colin D; Streichert Laura C; Drewnowski Adam

2009-01-01

180

Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. OBJECTIVE: To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. METHODS: Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obtained from King County and from US Census data. Fast food restaurant addresses were obtained from Public Health-Seattle & King County and were geocoded. Fast food density was expressed per tract unit area and per capita. Arterial road density was a measure of vehicular and pedestrian access. Multivariate logistic regression models containing both socioeconomic status and road density were used in data analyses. RESULTS: Over one half (53.1%) of King County census tracts had at least one fast food restaurant. Mean network distance from dwelling units to a fast food restaurant countywide was 1.40 km, and 1.07 km for census tracts containing at least one fast food restaurant. Fast food restaurant density was significantly associated in regression models with low median household income (p < 0.001) and high arterial road density (p < 0.001) but not with percent of residents who were nonwhite. CONCLUSION: No significant association was observed between census tract minority status and fast food density in King County. Although restaurant density was linked to low household incomes, that effect was attenuated by arterial road density. Fast food restaurants in King County are more likely to be located in lower income neighborhoods and higher traffic areas.

Hurvitz PM; Moudon AV; Rehm CD; Streichert LC; Drewnowski A

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Incidence Rates of Dementia, Alzheimer Disease, and Vascular Dementia in the Japanese American Population in Seattle, WA: The Kame Project.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

There are few studies on the incidence of dementia in representative minority populations in the United States; however, no population-based study has been conducted on Japanese American women. We identified 3045 individuals aged 65+ with at least 1 parent of Japanese descent living in King County, WA in the period 1992 to 1994, of whom 1836 were dementia-free and were examined every 2 years (1994 to 2001) to identify incident cases of all dementias, Alzheimer disease (AD), vascular dementia (VaD), and other dementias. Cox regression was used to examine associations with age, sex, years of education, and apolipoprotein (APOE)-?4. Among 173 incident cases of dementia, the overall rate was 14.4/1000/y, with rates being slightly higher among women (15.9/1000) than men (12.5/1000). Rates roughly doubled every 5 years for dementia and AD; the age trend for VaD and other dementias was less consistent. Sex was not significantly related to incidence of dementia or its subtypes in adjusted models. There was a trend for an inverse association with increasing years of education. APOE-?4 was a strong risk factor for all dementias [hazard ratio (HR)=2.89; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.88-4.46], AD (HR=3.27; 95% CI, 2.03-5.28), and VaD (HR=3.33; 95% CI, 1.34-8.27). This study is the first to report population-based incidence rates for both Japanese American men and women.

Borenstein AR; Wu Y; Bowen JD; McCormick WC; Uomoto J; McCurry SM; Schellenberg GD; Larson EB

2013-09-01

182

Exploration of the Potential for Phytoremediation of Lead-Based-Paint-Contaminated Soil at Fort Lewis, WA  

Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (Canada)

The current study was conducted to explore the potential for two phytoremediation strategies to remediate lead-based-paint- (LBP) contaminated soil from Fort Lewis, WA, i.e., phytoextraction and phytostabilization. The specific objectives were to (1) determine the potential for phytoextraction and phytostabilization of metals from Pb-contaminated soil from Fort Lewis in herbaceous plants, (2) evaluate the effects of the vegetation on the leachability of the soil, and (3) evaluate the influence of differences in soil characteristics on the vegetation responses. The tests were performed using Alopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) and Festuca rubra (red fescue), i.e., two metal-tolerant turf grass species, with current geographical distributions that include the State of Washington. The plants were incubated with field soil mixtures in a greenhouse on the U.S. ERDC-EL grounds in Vicksburg, MS. Test results indicated that A. pratensis produced on average about twice as much plant biomass as P rubra in 49 days, i.e., 546 versus 249 g DW m-2. Both species allocated most of their biomass below ground, and showed the tendency to accumulate Pb solely &low ground without upward transport, and to accumulate Zn largely below ground with limited upward transport. The latter characteristic is typical for plant species used in phytostabilization strategies. A. pratensis was the better metal accumulator, which allocated a relatively higher proportion of its biomass in roots, but was also more sensitive to Zn than F. rubra. Presence of the vegetation increased the leachability of the soil considerably, but the leachable metal fractions were extremely low (0-0.3 percent) compared to the total soil metal levels.

2004-01-01

183

ADSORPTION TECHNOLOGIES - EVERETT, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The presentation provides an overview of adsorptive media technology for the removal of arsenic from drinking water. The presentation is divided into four topics: Technology, Application, Design and Operation. Each topic is discussed in general and a number of photographs from th...

184

Selective adsorption of Pt ions from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion exchange resin Diaion WA21J.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Pt ions complexes from the chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. It was found that only Si, Pt, Rh and Pd from the solution were selectively adsorbed on the resin Diaion WA21J more strongly. The adsorption equilibrium time for Pt ions was about 20 h. The isothermal adsorption of Pt ions was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and DKR models. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Q(max) and X(m) of Pt ions on the resin based on Langmuir and DKR model were 4.85, 5.36 and 5.69 mg/g as well as 5.01, 5.63 and 5.98 mg/g for temperatures 18°C, 28°C and 40°C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy E(ad) based on DKR model were -11.79, -11.04 and -11.04 kJ/mol for the temperatures 18°C, 28°C and 40°C, respectively. Ion exchange was the mechanism involved in the adsorption process. The adsorption of Pt ions on the resin underwent pseudo-first-order kinetic process, and the apparent adsorption activation energy E(a,1) was 12.6 kJ/mol. The intraparticle diffusion of Pt ions was a main rate-controlling step in most of time of adsorption process.

Shen S; Guishen L; Pan T; He J; Guo Z

2011-12-01

185

Selective adsorption of Pt ions from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion exchange resin Diaion WA21J.  

Science.gov (United States)

Thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Pt ions complexes from the chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. It was found that only Si, Pt, Rh and Pd from the solution were selectively adsorbed on the resin Diaion WA21J more strongly. The adsorption equilibrium time for Pt ions was about 20 h. The isothermal adsorption of Pt ions was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and DKR models. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Q(max) and X(m) of Pt ions on the resin based on Langmuir and DKR model were 4.85, 5.36 and 5.69 mg/g as well as 5.01, 5.63 and 5.98 mg/g for temperatures 18°C, 28°C and 40°C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy E(ad) based on DKR model were -11.79, -11.04 and -11.04 kJ/mol for the temperatures 18°C, 28°C and 40°C, respectively. Ion exchange was the mechanism involved in the adsorption process. The adsorption of Pt ions on the resin underwent pseudo-first-order kinetic process, and the apparent adsorption activation energy E(a,1) was 12.6 kJ/mol. The intraparticle diffusion of Pt ions was a main rate-controlling step in most of time of adsorption process. PMID:21930283

Shen, Shaobo; Guishen, Liang; Pan, Tonglin; He, JunZhang; Guo, Zhanchen

2011-08-26

186

Ma?a urodzeniowa masa cia?a - dodatkowy wa?ny czynnik w diagnostyce niedoboru wzrostu u dzieci  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wprowadzenie: Urodzeniowe parametry cia?a s? jednym z wa?niejszych predyktorów wzrostu osi?gni?tego w ?yciu doros?ym. Dzieci z ma?a urodzeniow? mas? cia?a (low birth weight – LBW) stanowi? istotn? i heterogenn? grup? pacjentów diagnozowanych z powodu niedoboru wzrostu. Cel pracy: Ocena cz?sto?ci wyst?powania ma?ej urodzeniowej masy cia?a u dzieci z niedoborem wzrostu i ocena parametrów antropometrycznych u dzieci urodzonych z ma?? i prawid?ow? mas? cia?a. Materia? i metody: Analiza danych urodzeniowych i aktualnych parametrów antropometrycznych u 802 dzieci z niedoborem wzrostu, które zosta?y zg?oszone do Kliniki Pediatrii i Endokrynologii w Warszawie. Badan? grup? stanowi?o 456 ch?opców i 346 dziewcz?t. ?rednia wieku wynosi?a ok. 9 lat. Przeprowadzono diagnostyk? ró?nicow? zaburze? wzrastania. W badanej grupie by?o 133 dzieci z somatotropinow? niedoczynno?ci? przysadki (SNP) i 26 dziewcz?t z zespo?em Turnera. Zebrano dane dotycz?ce parametrów urodzeniowych dzieci (d?ugo?? i masa, d?ugo?? trwania ci??y), wykonano pomiary antropometryczne dzieci i rodziców, wyliczono BMI (body mass index). Za ma?? urodzeniow? mas? cia?a (LBW) przyj?to mas? cia?a ?2500 g). Warto?ci cech somatycznych aktualnych pomiarów poddano standaryzacji podaj?c dane znormalizowane. Wyniki: W ca?ej badanej grupie dzieci u 17,1% (137 dzieci) stwierdzono LBW. 16,8% dzieci z SNP mia?o ma?? urodzeniow? mas? cia?a wyst?powa?a, za? w grupie dziewcz?t z zespo?em Turnera LBW obserwowano w 23% przypadków. W?ród dzieci urodzonych o czasie, ma?? urodzeniow? mas? cia?a stwierdzono u 5,3% z nich (30 dzieci – 15 dziewczynek i 15 ch?opców). W tej grupie 10 dzieci urodzi?o si? z ci?? bli?niaczych, 2 z p?odowym zespo?em alkoholowym i 4 z zespo?em Silvera-Russella. U 14 pacjentów rozpoznano SGA (small for gestational age). Dzieci urodzone z LBW zg?aszane by?y si? do Kliniki rok wcze?niej, ni? inni pacjenci z niedoborem wzrostu. Pacjenci z LBW w porównaniu z pozosta?? grup? dzieci charakteryzowali si? wi?kszym deficytem wysoko?ci cia?a (-2,5 SDS vs. -2,1 SDS) i ni?szymi warto?ci BMI. ?rednia wysoko?? cia?a rodziców w obu badanych grupach nie ró?ni?a si? istotnie statystycznie. Wnioski: 1. Ma?a urodzeniowa masa cia?a dzieci wyst?puje u co 6 dziecka z niedoborem wzrostu diagnozowanego w Klinice. 2. Dzieci urodzone o czasie z ma?? mas? cia?a powinny by? wcze?nie diagnozowane w kierunku wrodzonych zaburze? genetycznych i wad rozwojowych.

Anna Majcher; Beata Pyr?ak; Joanna Bielecka-Jasiocha; Ewelina Witkowska-S?dek

2010-01-01

187

NOx emissions retrofit at Reliant Energy, W.A. Parish Generating Station, Unit 7: Achieving 0.15 lb/MBtu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The current Clean Air Act (CAA), Title 1 regulations require States to develop implementation plans (SIPs) which address NO{sub x} emissions as part of the ozone non-attainment requirements. The EPA has recommended NO{sub x} limits of 0.15 lb/MBtu for utility boilers. In this paper, Reliant Energy and ABB C-E Services, Inc. will discuss a project where 0.15 lb NO{sub x}/MBtu can be achieved with the TFS 2000{trademark} R firing system and highly reactive Powder River Basin (PRB) fuels. Reliant Energy will retrofit their W.A. Parish Unit 7 with this system in the first quarter of 1999. This is part of Reliant Energy's drive to lower NO{sub x} emissions and meet future air quality requirements at the W.Q. Parish station.

Gessner, T.M.; Hoh, R.H.; Ray, B.; Dorazio, T.; Jennings, P.; Sikorski, K.

1999-07-01

188

La??’if, Paraenetica and Prophets: restudying Junta Manuscript Kit?b la??’if al-Anbiy’ wa-fhi Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available While examining the genre of “The Stories of the Prophets” (Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’) as background to my dissertation about Abraham in Islamic literature, I received from Prof. J. Sadan a manuscript that he found in the British Library that is related to this genre. Later I found similar versions of the same composition, which led me to try to find how this compilation emerged. The composition is very close to the preaching literature (wa‘?), which deals mainly with moral education, but it also includes stories. I wondered if this is a literary genre, standing by itself, which started out as an aid, auxiliary material for understanding the oral tradition and religious studies, and then became an independent genre, closer to edifying literature, known as Paraenetica, or to the genre of Specula Regis (Mirrors of kings). I describe the manuscript in order to try to reach a conclusion: is this a different literary genre? Is it an educational genre or only a simplified version of stories for a child or a non-Arab ruler whose education was in Arabic language? Or did the writer perhaps want an original name for his compilation, and as the name Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’ was already in use he chose a different name, using a word which also intimates the collection’s small size?Trabajando sobre el género de “Historias de los Profetas” (Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’) en el proceso de elaboración de mi tesis sobre Abraham en la literatura islámica, el profesor J. Sadan me envió un manuscrito que había localizado en la British Library relacionado con este género. Posteriormente encontré versiones similares de la misma composición, lo que me animó a profundizar mi investigación sobre sus orígenes. La obra está próxima a la literatura de predicación (wa‘?), que se ocupa principalmente de la educación moral, pero también incluye historias. Me planteé la posibilidad de que éste formarse un género que hubiera surgido como una ayuda, un material auxiliar concebido para entender la tradición oral y los estudios religiosos para, posteriormente, convertirse en un género independiente, más cercano a la Parénesis o al Specula Regis (Espejos de príncipes). Describiré el manuscrito para intentar alcanzar una conclusión sobre ciertas cuestiones: ¿es éste un género literario diferente?, ¿se trata de un género educativo o solamente es una versión simplificada de historias para ilustrar a niños o principiantes de la lengua árabe?, ¿buscaría el autor un nombre original para su compilación, haciendo referencia al reducido tamaño de la colección y descartando el de Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’ por ser conocido?

Ben-Ari, Shosh

2008-01-01

189

Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J.  

Science.gov (United States)

It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (K(d)) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Q(max) based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 degrees C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process. PMID:20346581

Shen, Shaobo; Pan, Tonglin; Liu, Xinqiang; Yuan, Lei; Wang, Jinchao; Zhang, Yongjian; Guo, Zhanchen

2010-03-01

190

Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (Kd) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Qmax based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 deg. C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process.

2010-07-15

191

Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (K{sub d}) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Q{sub max} based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 deg. C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process.

Shen Shaobo, E-mail: shaoboshen@metall.ustb.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Ecological and Recycling Metallurgy, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100083 (China); Department of Physical Chemistry, School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Pan Tonglin; Liu Xinqiang; Yuan Lei [Key Laboratory of Ecological and Recycling Metallurgy, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100083 (China); Wang Jinchao [Key Laboratory of Ecological and Recycling Metallurgy, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100083 (China); Department of Physical Chemistry, School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Zhang Yongjian; Guo Zhanchen [Key Laboratory of Ecological and Recycling Metallurgy, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100083 (China)

2010-07-15

192

Identifying Pathfinder Elements for Gold in Multi-Element Soil Geochemical Data from the Wa-Lawra Belt, Northwest Ghana: A Multivariate Statistical Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A multivariate statistical analysis was performed on multi-element soil geochemical data from the Koda Hill-Bulenga gold prospects in the Wa-Lawra gold belt, northwest Ghana. The objectives of the study were to define gold relationships with other trace elements to determine possible pathfinder elements for gold from the soil geochemical data. The study focused on seven elements, namely, Au, Fe, Pb, Mn, Ag, As and Cu. Factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were performed on the analyzed samples. Factor analysis explained 79.093% of the total variance of the data through three factors. This had the gold factor being factor 3, having associations of copper, iron, lead and manganese and accounting for 20.903% of the total variance. From hierarchical clustering, gold was also observed to be clustering with lead, copper, arsenic and silver. There was further indication that, gold concentrations were lower than that of its associations. It can be inferred from the results that, the occurrence of gold and its associated elements can be linked to both primary dispersion from underlying rocks and secondary processes such as lateritization. This data shows that Fe and Mn strongly associated with gold, and alongside Pb, Ag, As and Cu, these elements can be used as pathfinders for gold in the area, with ferruginous zones as targets.

Prosper Mackenzie Nude; John Mahfouz Asigri; Sandow Mark Yidana; Emmanuel Arhin; Gordon Foli; Jacob Mawuko Kutu

2012-01-01

193

Endocrine disrupting chemicals in fish bile: a rapid method of analysis using English sole (Parophrys vetulus) from Puget Sound, WA, USA.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study describes a recently developed and rapid method to measure bisphenol A (BPA), 17?-estradiol (E2) and 17?-ethynylestradiol (EE2) in bile of fish using enzymatic hydrolysis of samples followed by solid-phase extraction and ultra-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. The limits of quantitation (LOQ) for BPA, EE2 and E2 were 6.3ngmL(-1), 12.5ngmL(-1) and 6.3ngmL(-1), respectively. These compounds were analyzed in bile of male English sole (Parophrys vetulus) collected from urban and non-urban sites in Puget Sound, WA, USA. The BPA and E2 concentrations (and occurrence) ranged from

da Silva DA; Buzitis J; Reichert WL; West JE; O'Neill SM; Johnson LL; Collier TK; Ylitalo GM

2013-09-01

194

Endocrine disrupting chemicals in fish bile: a rapid method of analysis using English sole (Parophrys vetulus) from Puget Sound, WA, USA.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study describes a recently developed and rapid method to measure bisphenol A (BPA), 17?-estradiol (E2) and 17?-ethynylestradiol (EE2) in bile of fish using enzymatic hydrolysis of samples followed by solid-phase extraction and ultra-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. The limits of quantitation (LOQ) for BPA, EE2 and E2 were 6.3ngmL(-1), 12.5ngmL(-1) and 6.3ngmL(-1), respectively. These compounds were analyzed in bile of male English sole (Parophrys vetulus) collected from urban and non-urban sites in Puget Sound, WA, USA. The BPA and E2 concentrations (and occurrence) ranged from

da Silva, Denis A M; Buzitis, Jon; Reichert, William L; West, James E; O'Neill, Sandra M; Johnson, Lyndal L; Collier, Tracy K; Ylitalo, Gina M

2013-05-16

195

Population data of nine STR loci, D3S1358, vWA, FGA, TH01, TPOX, CSF1PO, D5S818, D13S317 and D7S820, in Bangladeshis and Indonesians.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Allele frequencies of nine short tandem repeat (STR) loci, D3S1358, vWA, FGA, TH01, TPOX, CSF1PO, D5S818, D13S317 and D7S820, were determined for 127 unrelated Bangladeshi individuals and 105 unrelated Indonesian individuals using the AmpFLSTR Profiler Kit. The genotype frequency distributions of the nine STR loci were in the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for both populations.

Dobashi Y; Kido A; Fujitani N; Susukida R; Oya M

2003-07-01

196

How gender disparities drive imbalances in health care leadership  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mary Ann Keogh Hoss1, Paula Bobrowski2, Kathryn J McDonagh3, Nancy M Paris41Health Services Administration, Eastern Washington University, College of Business and Public Administration, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Liberal Arts, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 3Executive Relations, Hospira Inc...

Hoss MAK; Bobrowski P; McDonagh KJ; Paris NM

197

Radioactivity Assessment of Natural and Artificial Radionuclides in Soil Samples from Tha Phae, La-ngu and Thung Wa Districts in Satun Province, Thailand  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Specific activities of natural (238U, 226Ra, 232Th and 40K) and artificial anthropogenic (137Cs) radionuclides in 65 soil samples collected from Tha Phae, La-ngu and Thung Wa Districts in Satun province have been measured and analyzed. Experimental results were obtained by using a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector and gamma spectrometry analysis system. Experimental set-up and measurement were carried out at Nuclear and Material Physics Laboratory in Department of Physics Faculty of Science Thaksin University Songkhla Campus. The counting time for each sample was 10,800 seconds or 3 hours. It was found that the soil specific activities ranged from 0.00 to 11608.87 Bq/kg for 40K, 0.00 to 352.57 Bq/kg for 226Ra, 0.00 to 123.28 Bq/kg for 232Th and 0.00 to 16.28 Bq/kg for 137Cs with mean values of 3,248.96 ± 231.32 Bq/kg, 71.35 ± 5.97 Bq/kg, 53.59 ± 2.14 Bq/kg, and 0.68 ± 0.19 Bq/kg, respectively. Furthermore, the results were used to evaluate the absorbed dose rates in air (D), the radium equivalent (Raeq), the external hazard index (Hex) and the annual effective dose rate (AED) for this area. Moreover, the experimental results were compared to the previous data of the Office of Atoms for Peace (OAP). Thailand and global radioactivity measurements and evaluation, including the proposed recommended values the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD, 1979) and the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation

2011-01-01

198

Utata wa kutumia lugha kama Kibainishi cha utambulisho wa mzungumzaji  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper discusses the problems caused by the linguistic features used by speakers as the basis of determining their social identity. The concept of identity is broad and closely related with socio-cultural and eco-spheres environment of the speakers. The speaker’s identity is determined by employ...

Msanjila, Yohana P.

199

WA80 BGO calorimetry electronics.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes instrumentation designed for BGO scintillator-based calorimetry of particles covering a very wide range of energies (from less than 50 MeV to 50 GeV). The instrumentation was designed to have a measurement accuracy of 0.1% over as muc...

A. L. Wintenberg C. L. Britton M. N. Ericson R. A. Maples G. R. Young

1991-01-01

200

UV - OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Brewer 147 is located in Olympic NP, measuring ultraviolet solar radiation. Irradiance and column ozone are derived from this data. Ultraviolet solar radiation is measured with a Brewer Mark IV, single-monochrometer, spectrophotometer manufactured by SCI-TEC Instruments, Inc. of ...

 
 
 
 
201

Adsorption of Pd(II) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion exchange resin Diaion WA21J.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Pd(II) contained in the chloride solution obtained from the dry chlorination process, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Pd(II) complexes from the chloride solutions on anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. It was found that Pd, Pt, Rh, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The isothermal adsorption of Pd(II) was found to fit Freundlich, Langmuir and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The adsorption of Pd(II) on the resin was favorable according to the values of 1/n and R(L) from Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, respectively. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Q(max) based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 5.70, 4.84 and 4.05 mg/g and the corresponding value X(m) based on Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich were 5.55, 4.69 and 4.01 mg/g at temperatures 18 degrees C, 28 degrees C and 40 degrees C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energies (E(ad)) based on Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich isotherm were -15.43, -16.22 and -23.57 kJ/mol for the temperatures 18 degrees C, 28 degrees C and 40 degrees C, respectively. Chemical adsorption was a main mechanism involved in the adsorption process. Pd(II) adsorption on the resin could be accelerated by increasing the adsorption temperature. The adsorption of Pd(II) from the chloride solution on the resin underwent pseudo-first order kinetic process and the apparent adsorption activation energy E(a) was 15.0 kJ/mol. The intra-particle diffusion was a main rate controlling step in the Pd(II) adsorption process under the adsorption conditions.

Shen S; Pan T; Liu X; Yuan L; Zhang Y; Wang J; Guo Z

2010-05-01

202

Adsorption of Pd(II) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion exchange resin Diaion WA21J.  

Science.gov (United States)

It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Pd(II) contained in the chloride solution obtained from the dry chlorination process, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Pd(II) complexes from the chloride solutions on anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. It was found that Pd, Pt, Rh, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The isothermal adsorption of Pd(II) was found to fit Freundlich, Langmuir and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The adsorption of Pd(II) on the resin was favorable according to the values of 1/n and R(L) from Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, respectively. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Q(max) based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 5.70, 4.84 and 4.05 mg/g and the corresponding value X(m) based on Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich were 5.55, 4.69 and 4.01 mg/g at temperatures 18 degrees C, 28 degrees C and 40 degrees C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energies (E(ad)) based on Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich isotherm were -15.43, -16.22 and -23.57 kJ/mol for the temperatures 18 degrees C, 28 degrees C and 40 degrees C, respectively. Chemical adsorption was a main mechanism involved in the adsorption process. Pd(II) adsorption on the resin could be accelerated by increasing the adsorption temperature. The adsorption of Pd(II) from the chloride solution on the resin underwent pseudo-first order kinetic process and the apparent adsorption activation energy E(a) was 15.0 kJ/mol. The intra-particle diffusion was a main rate controlling step in the Pd(II) adsorption process under the adsorption conditions. PMID:20153863

Shen, Shaobo; Pan, Tonglin; Liu, Xinqiang; Yuan, Lei; Zhang, Yongjian; Wang, Jinchao; Guo, Zhanchen

2010-01-25

203

Search of the signals related to the disoriented chiral condensate in the data of the Pb + Pb reaction at 158 A.GeV from the WA98 experiment; Researche de signaux lies au condense chiral desoriente dans les donnes 158 AGeV Pb + Pb de l`experience WA98  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We used the multiplicity detectors of the WA98 apparatus for the Disoriented Chiral Condensate search (DDC). We developed a method of event selection based on 2-D wavelet transformation for the search of {pi}{sup 0} or {pi}{sup +-} clusters. We use also this method for the localization and characterization of clusters in terms of position and internal structure. The wavelet transformation singles out the signal at every scale in coefficients of two types: those corresponding to a signal smoothing and the wavelet coefficients sensible to signal density variations in case of a 2 D point distribution. By summing over the squared values of the last ones at every scale one can build the strength spectrum which is flat for a uniform distribution and the coefficients of which are sensible to cluster size. This spectrum was used to select the most structured candidates. The authors intend to extend this study by correlating different analysis scales as well as photons and charged particle clusters

Bernier, T.; Gutbrod, H.H.; Jouault, B.; Nayak, S.; Luquin, L.; Pinganaud, W.; Sebille, F.; Roy, C.; Retiere, F. [Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et des Technologies Associees - SUBATECH, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 44 - Nantes (France); WA98 Collaboration

1997-10-01

204

An unedited 1.1 kb mitochondrial orfB gene transcript in the Wild Abortive Cytoplasmic Male Sterility (WA-CMS) system of Oryza sativa L. subsp. indica  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The application of hybrid rice technology has significantly increased global rice production during the last three decades. Approximately 90% of the commercially cultivated rice hybrids have been derived through three-line breeding involving the use of WA-CMS lines. It is believed that during the 21st century, hybrid rice technology will make significant contributions to ensure global food security. This study examined the poorly understood molecular basis of the WA-CMS system in rice. Results RFLPs were detected for atp6 and orfB genes in sterile and fertile rice lines, with one copy of each in the mt-genome. The RNA profile was identical in both lines for atp6, but an additional longer orfB transcript was identified in sterile lines. 5' RACE analysis of the long orfB transcript revealed it was 370 bp longer than the normal transcript, with no indication it was chimeric when compared to the genomic DNA sequence. cDNA clones of the longer orfB transcript in sterile lines were sequenced and the transcript was determined unedited. Sterile lines were crossed with the restorer and maintainer lines, and fertile and sterile F1 hybrids were respectively generated. Both hybrids contained two types of orfB transcripts. However, the long transcript underwent editing in the fertile F1 hybrids and remained unedited in the sterile lines. Additionally, the editing of the 1.1 kb orfB transcript co-segregated with fertility restoring alleles in a segregating population of F2 progeny; and the presence of unedited long orfB transcripts was detected in the sterile plants from the F2 segregating population. Conclusion This study helped to assign plausible operative factors responsible for male-sterility in the WA cytoplasm of rice. A new point of departure to dissect the mechanisms governing the CMS-WA system in rice has been identified, which can be applied to further harness the opportunities afforded by hybrid vigor in rice.

Das Srirupa; Sen Supriya; Chakraborty Anirban; Chakraborti Papia; Maiti Mrinal K; Basu Asitava; Basu Debabrata; Sen Soumitra K

2010-01-01

205

Kurdish population data for 11 STR loci (ACTBP2, CSF1PO, FGA, TH01, TPOX, vWA, D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D13S317 and D21S11).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In a Kurdish population sample composed of 950 unrelated individuals from Northern Iraq, 11 tetrameric short tandem repeat (STR) loci from 10 different chromosomes (i.e., ACTBP2, CSF1PO, FGA, TH01, TPOX, vWA, D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D13S317 and D21S11) were typed to establish a database for immigration cases. The combined power of discrimination (PD) and the combined power of exclusion (PE) of all 11 loci were 0.99999999999994 and 0.99996, respectively.

Shimada I; Rand S; Brinkmann B; Hohoff C

2002-10-01

206

The in vitro metabolism by homogenates of goldfish (Carassius auratus) liver of pentachloro-2-(chloromethyl sulphonamido) diphenyl ether, the major component and active ingredient of the mothproofing agent Eulan WA New.  

Science.gov (United States)

After dosing goldfish (Carassius auratus) for 2 hr with pentachloro-2-(chloromethyl sulphonamido) diphenyl ether, 6-PCSD, (the major component of the active ingredients of the mothproofing agent Eulan WA New) in the surrounding water, high concentrations of the corresponding amine pentachloro-2-aminodiphenyl ether, 5-PAD, were found in the liver. This suggests that the liver is a primary site of 5-PAD formation in vivo. Homogenates of goldfish liver showed a 5-PAD forming activity when incubated with 6-PCSD; this activity was destroyed by boiling the homogenate or by treatment with trypsin. The activity was greater at pH 7.4 than at pH 3, 5 or 9. There was no detectable corresponding activity in homogenates of goldfish spleen or digestive tissue or in the digestive tract contents. PMID:6146475

Machon, A; North, M J; Price, N C; Wells, D E

1984-01-01

207

The in vitro metabolism by homogenates of goldfish (Carassius auratus) liver of pentachloro-2-(chloromethyl sulphonamido) diphenyl ether, the major component and active ingredient of the mothproofing agent Eulan WA New.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

After dosing goldfish (Carassius auratus) for 2 hr with pentachloro-2-(chloromethyl sulphonamido) diphenyl ether, 6-PCSD, (the major component of the active ingredients of the mothproofing agent Eulan WA New) in the surrounding water, high concentrations of the corresponding amine pentachloro-2-aminodiphenyl ether, 5-PAD, were found in the liver. This suggests that the liver is a primary site of 5-PAD formation in vivo. Homogenates of goldfish liver showed a 5-PAD forming activity when incubated with 6-PCSD; this activity was destroyed by boiling the homogenate or by treatment with trypsin. The activity was greater at pH 7.4 than at pH 3, 5 or 9. There was no detectable corresponding activity in homogenates of goldfish spleen or digestive tissue or in the digestive tract contents.

Machon A; North MJ; Price NC; Wells DE

1984-01-01

208

Indépendances, trahison et rédemption : Judas dans le roman postcolonial. Figures du traître dans Les Phalènes de Tchicaya U Tam’si et A Grain of Wheat de Ngugi wa Thiong’o  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La figure de Judas est multiple au cœur même de la Bible. Entre Matthieu et Marc, les évangélistes et l’auteur des Actes des Apôtres , se construit une image complexe, voire contradictoire, que les dogmes successifs, qu’ils viennent de Rome ou d’ailleurs, n’ont pas su aplanir. Tchicaya U Tam’si dans Les Phalènes , et Ngugi wa Thiong’o dans A Grain of Wheat , jouent sur cette ambivalence pour mieux faire ressortir les problématiques qui émergent au moment où des États africains, le Congo-Brazzaville et le Kenya, sont sur le point d’accéder à l’indépendance. En confrontant les deux romans, nous avons voulu mettre en lumière le caractère inquiétant mais nécessaire de Judas, qui, par sa trahison, permet la renaissance.Even in the Bible, Judas is represented in disparate ways. The evangelists, especially Mathew and Marc, as well as the author of the Acts of the Apostles, all contribute to the elaboration of a complex character. This ambiguity, sometimes leading to contradiction, remains intact, resolved neither by the Roman Catholic Church, nor by any other christian confession. Tchicaya U Tam’si’s Les Phalènes andNgugi wa Thiong’o’s A Grain of Wheat both play on this ambivalence in order to highlight the emerging problematics related to the independance, of Congo Brazzaville and Kenya. The aim of this article is to illustrate the significance of Judas in these novels as a disturbing yet essential character whose treason leads to the Second Coming.

Pierre Leroux

2011-01-01

209

Genetic data on nine STRs (CSF1PO, TPOX, THO1, F13AO1, FESFPS, vWA, D16S539, D7S820 and D13S317) and two VNTRs (D1S80 and D17S5) in Rosario population, Santa Fe Argentine.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Allele frequencies for nine short tandem repeats (STRs) loci (CSF1PO, TPOX, THO1, F13AO1, FES/FPS, vWA, D16S539, D7S820 and D13S317) and two variable number tandem repeats (VNTRs) were obtained from a sample of 270 unrelated individuals born in the Rosario city, Santa Fe province of Argentina.

Tenaglia M; Scollo A; Tripaldi R; Grappiolo I; Perichón AM

2004-05-01

210

Genetic data on nine STRs (CSF1PO, TPOX, THO1, F13AO1, FESFPS, vWA, D16S539, D7S820 and D13S317) and two VNTRs (D1S80 and D17S5) in Rosario population, Santa Fe Argentine.  

Science.gov (United States)

Allele frequencies for nine short tandem repeats (STRs) loci (CSF1PO, TPOX, THO1, F13AO1, FES/FPS, vWA, D16S539, D7S820 and D13S317) and two variable number tandem repeats (VNTRs) were obtained from a sample of 270 unrelated individuals born in the Rosario city, Santa Fe province of Argentina. PMID:15062960

Tenaglia, Mariano; Scollo, Adriana; Tripaldi, Regina; Grappiolo, Irene; Perichón, Armando M

2004-05-10

211

Genetic data on 12 STRs (F13A01, F13B, FESFPS, LPL, CSF1PO, TPOX, TH01, vWA, D16S539, D7S820, D13S317, D5S818) from four ethnic groups of Sao Paulo, Brazil.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Allelic frequencies for 12 short tandem repeats (STRs) (F13A01, F13B, FESFPS, LPL, CSF1PO, TPOX, TH01, vWA, D16S539, D7S820, D13S317 and D5S818) were estimated, also as forensic parameters, from a sample of 916 unrelated Brazilian subjects classified into four ethnic groups: European-derived, African-derived, Brazilian Mulattos and Asian-derived.

Bydlowski SP; de Moura-Neto RS; Soares RP; Silva R; Debes-Bravo AA; Morganti L

2003-07-01

212

Thai population data on 15 tetrameric STR loci-D8S1179, D21S11, D7S820, CSF1PO, D3S1358, TH01, D13S317, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, vWA, TPOX, D18S51, D5S818 and FGA.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The genetic variations for 15 short tandem repeat (STR) loci-D8S1179, D21S11, D7S820, CSF1PO, D3S1358, TH01, D13S317, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, vWA, TPOX, D18S51, D5S818 and FGA, were performed on a population of 210 unrelated Thai individuals using the commercially available AmpF/STR Identifiler kit.

Rerkamnuaychoke B; Rinthachai T; Shotivaranon J; Jomsawat U; Siriboonpiputtana T; Chaiatchanarat K; Pasomsub E; Chantratita W

2006-05-01

213

J3E technical reviews. Installation of cabling systems; Les cahiers techniques du J3E. Installation des systemes de cablage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This technical supplement concerns the practice of cabling in power installations. It comprises three parts dealing with: the coexistence of cabling systems (power cables and communication lines, coupling modes), the measures for the reduction of disturbances (equipotentiality and grounding, equipotential networks, conduits traversing, complementary measures, repairs and maintenance), and the revision of standards (further documents, notion of permanent link, frequency band extension, new qualification parameters, measurements and control of infrastructures, update of the EN 50173 European standard). (J.S.)

Remond, C.; Sorlet, E.

1998-08-01

214

KOOTENAI, CLARK FORK, PEND OREILLE, AND SPOKANE RIVER BASINS, WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT, 1976  

Science.gov (United States)

This report contains a water quality assessment approach which will assist EPA planners, land agencies, and state and local agencies in identifying probably nonpoint sources and determining their effects upon the fishable-swimmable aspect of the Kootenai, Clark Fork-Pend Oreille,...

215

Results from CERN experiment WA80  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recent photon-measurement results are presented. Accurate reconstructed and ?0 and ? results have been obtained down to signal/noise ratios of 0.002. The production of ? mesons was found to be consistent with MT scaling observed in hadron-hadron collisions. ''Direct,'' single-photon yields were extracted from high-statistics S+Au data obtained at 200 GeV/nucleon. A slight excess of photons over the number of photons that can be accounted for by hadronic decays was observed for central events. Two-proton correlations were obtained in the target fragmentation region in p+A, 16O+A and 32S+A reaction at 200 GeV/nucleon. Source radii extracted from the correlations were found to follow an A1/3 dependence. This indicates that entire target nuclei are involved in the collisions and that a simple target-spectator picture does not apply at these energies.

1994-01-01

216

Results from CERN experiment WA80  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Recent photon-measurement results are presented. Accurate reconstructed and {pi}{sup 0} and {eta} results have been obtained down to signal/noise ratios of 0.002. The production of {eta} mesons was found to be consistent with MT scaling observed in hadron-hadron collisions. ``Direct,`` single-photon yields were extracted from high-statistics S+Au data obtained at 200 GeV/nucleon. A slight excess of photons over the number of photons that can be accounted for by hadronic decays was observed for central events. Two-proton correlations were obtained in the target fragmentation region in p+A, {sup 16}O+A and {sup 32}S+A reaction at 200 GeV/nucleon. Source radii extracted from the correlations were found to follow an A{sup 1/3} dependence. This indicates that entire target nuclei are involved in the collisions and that a simple target-spectator picture does not apply at these energies.

WA80 Collaboration

1994-06-01

217

Infrastructure and mining - NSW and WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A multiplicity of issues within the Hunter Valley coal chain in New South Wales have contributed to ships queuing, up to 70 at a time, off the Port of Newcastle. While the NSW State government has now given the green light for a third terminal at Newcastle it will not be commissioned until 2009 at the earliest. And though the coal mining companies have agreed to reintroduce a quota system in an attempt to ease bottlenecks at the port, queues may not begin to shrink for another few months. However, some suggest that these measures will not prevent these problems from recurring or happening in other parts of Australia. Knock on effects to miners, notably Coal and Allied and Xstrata Coal, are additional costs in the form of ship owners charging demurrage, or penalty payments, and reportedly diminished profits. The situation on the west coast of Australia is different, with major infrastructure developed largely by the private sector. In the Pilbara region of Western Australia, vast amounts (up to $7 billion) are being spent by three companies to expand mines and improve infrastructure to take advantage of the global demand for commodities. Rio Tinto, BHP Billiton (BHP) and Fortescue Metals Group Limited are spending large sums, with Fortescue attempting to break into the duopoly with a $2.3 billion project. However, private ownership has brought its own problems exemplified by a continuing legal dispute regarding third-party or multi-user access to BHP's rail infrastructure. 1 ref., 1 tab., 14 photos.

Pitt, J.; Wallace, P.

2007-05-15

218

La Da'wa fatimide au Yémen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Gloire à Dieu,le seigneur des mondes! Ses prières soient sur notre prince Mohammad, le sceau des prophètes, le prince des envoyés ; sur notre seigneur 'Alî ibn Abî Tâlib, le plus auguste des héritiers prophétiques ; sur les Imams de sa postérité, les très bons, les très purs ; sur notre seigneur et notre prince, l'Imam fils d'Imam, at-Tayyib Abû-l-Qâsim, Emir des croyants. Sur eux tous salutations de paix divine. AvertissementMalgré de récentes recherches (Henry Corbin, 'Abbâs Hamdânî), l'ism...

Jean Moncelon

1995-01-01

219

GROUNDWATER DATA BOOMSNUB SITE - VANCOUVER, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

These data sets were assembled from data extracted from the EPA Laboratory data systems. It is the final product of an effort by the Data Management and Hydrogeology staff of the Office of Environmental Assessment, EPA Region 10, with critical support provided by Superfund ESAT c...

220

STRs data for the loci D3S1385, vWA, FGA, D8S1179, D21S11, D18S51, D5S818, D13S317 and D7S820 from Cordoba (Argentina).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Allele and genotype frequencies for nine STRs loci included in the AmpFlSTR Profiler Plus kit (D3S1385, vWA, FGA, D8S1179, D21S11, D18S51, D5S818, D13S317 and D7S820), were determined from urban and countryside population of Córdoba (Argentina). All loci meet the Hardy-Weinberg expectation, and there is little evidence for alleles association between these nine loci. The results demonstrate that these loci can be useful for databasing purposes in human identification and parentage testing in the population of Córdoba (Argentina).

Miozzo MC; Pacharoni CM; Mutal SA; Maxzud MK; Casanova AE; Modesti NM

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Distribution of HLA-DQA1, polymarker, CSF1PO, vWA, TH01, TPOX, D16S539, D7S820, D13S317, and D5S818 alleles in East Bengali and West Punjabi populations from Indo-Pak Subcontinent.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Blood samples were collected from 115 individuals residing in the Pakistani state of West Punjab and 81 Bengali individuals residing in the state of East Bengal, India. These samples were analyzed for the loci HLA-DQA1, PM (LDLR, GYPA, HBGG, D7S8, and GC) and eight short tandem repeats: CSF1PO, TPOX, THO1, vWA, D16S539, D7S820, D13S317, and D5S818. Departures from Hardy-Weinberg (HWE) were observed in Punjabi population at LDLR, THO1, D13S317, D5S818, and D16S539 and at CSF1PO and THO1 in Bengali population.

Tahir MA; Herrera RJ; Khan AA; Kashyap VK; Duncan G; Barna C; Budowle B; Rowold DJ; Amjad M; Sinha S

2000-11-01

222

Voisins ou ennemis à Arba Wa Nus ? La mise en scène du quotidien des migrants forcés égyptiens et réfugiés sud soudanais dans un quartier populaire du Caire Neighbors or Enemies? The presentation of self in everyday life by Egyptians and forced Sudanese migrants in an informal makeshift Cairo neighborhood  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cet article tente, à partir de l’outil vidéo et d’une approche théorique interactive, d’explorer les rapports de voisinage entre deux populations de déplacés (Sud Soudanais et Égyptiens du sud) dans une zone irrégulière de la mégapole cairote. Une observation des scènes de la vie quotidienne dans les espaces publics de Quatre et demi (Arba Wa Nus) permet de poser l’hypothèse d’un territoire essentiellement marqué par la violence des rapports sociaux. Les agressions dont sont victimes les Sud Soudanais, en provenance du Bar El-Ghazal, sont elles le signe de l’émergence de nouveaux racismes liés à l’augmentation des flux de migrants forcés subsahariens ou alors les hostilités quotidiennes sont-elles le produit social suis-generis d’un espace marginal qui se singularise par l’indigence et le déracinement des populations qui y sont installées ?Based on video filming used as a research tool and influenced by the sociology of interactions, this article seeks to explore the relations between two displaced populations in Cairo (South Sudanese and Egyptians from Upper Egypt) in an outlying zone of the megalopolis. Observing the presentation of self in everyday interactions in public places in the Arba Wa Nus quarter, prompts us to propose the hypothesis of a territory essentially “marked” by social violence. Can we say that the aggressions of which the South Sudanese are victims are the sign of the emergence of a “new racism”, related to the influx of forced migrants from Africa to Egypt? Are everyday hostilities a sui-generis social product of a marginal space which could be characterized by poverty and by the uprooting of the populations living there? Those are the two questions we attempt to answer here.

Fabienne Le Houérou

2012-01-01

223

Updated Brazilian STR allele frequency data using over 100,000 individuals: an analysis of CSF1PO, D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D8S1179, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D21S11, FGA, Penta D, Penta E, TH01, TPOX and vWA loci.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Brazilian population is one of the most heterogeneous populations of the world, formed mainly by an admixture of European, African and Native American populations. Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world (8,511,960 km(2)), being divided into five geographical regions. This study provides population genetic data of up to 137,161 unrelated individuals representing the entire Brazilian territory. Allelic frequencies and other population data analysis are reported for the 15 autosomal STR loci included in the PowerPlex®16 kit (Promega Corporation, Madison, WI, USA). In order to guarantee that individuals were not related, we have considered only F1 data from couples undergoing paternity testing. The number of individuals genotyped for each locus was: CSF1PO (113,526); D3S1358 (135,133); D5S818 (135,181); D7S820 (137,136); D8S1179 (134,211); D13S317 (137,161); D16S539 (136,942); D18S51 (136,739); D21S11 (130,014); FGA (135,839); Penta D (110,333); Penta E (128,055); TH01 (112,695); TPOX (123,102); vWA (127,415). Allele sizes ranged from 1 to 48.2. Statistic parameters (PD, PIC and Ho; considering values ?0.75) suggest that markers D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D21S11, D7S820, D8S1179, Penta D, Penta E, TH01, FGA and vWA were more informative for genetic identification purposes in the Brazilian population.

Aguiar VR; Wolfgramm Ede V; Malta FS; Bosque AG; Mafia Ade C; Almeida VC; Caxito Fde A; Pardini VC; Ferreira AC; Louro ID

2012-07-01

224

Updated Brazilian STR allele frequency data using over 100,000 individuals: an analysis of CSF1PO, D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D8S1179, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D21S11, FGA, Penta D, Penta E, TH01, TPOX and vWA loci.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Brazilian population is one of the most heterogeneous populations of the world, formed mainly by an admixture of European, African and Native American populations. Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world (8,511,960 km(2)), being divided into five geographical regions. This study provides population genetic data of up to 137,161 unrelated individuals representing the entire Brazilian territory. Allelic frequencies and other population data analysis are reported for the 15 autosomal STR loci included in the PowerPlex®16 kit (Promega Corporation, Madison, WI, USA). In order to guarantee that individuals were not related, we have considered only F1 data from couples undergoing paternity testing. The number of individuals genotyped for each locus was: CSF1PO (113,526); D3S1358 (135,133); D5S818 (135,181); D7S820 (137,136); D8S1179 (134,211); D13S317 (137,161); D16S539 (136,942); D18S51 (136,739); D21S11 (130,014); FGA (135,839); Penta D (110,333); Penta E (128,055); TH01 (112,695); TPOX (123,102); vWA (127,415). Allele sizes ranged from 1 to 48.2. Statistic parameters (PD, PIC and Ho; considering values ?0.75) suggest that markers D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D21S11, D7S820, D8S1179, Penta D, Penta E, TH01, FGA and vWA were more informative for genetic identification purposes in the Brazilian population. PMID:21813349

Aguiar, Vitor Rezende da Costa; Wolfgramm, Eldamária de Vargas; Malta, Frederico Scott Varella; Bosque, Adriana Gonçalves; Mafia, Amanda de Castro; Almeida, Vanessa Cristina de Oliveira; Caxito, Fabiola de Andrade; Pardini, Victor Cavalcanti; Ferreira, Alessandro Clayton Souza; Louro, Iúri Drumond

2011-08-02

225

Hunter survey final report, Phase I - baseline study. Garrison-Spokane 500-kV transmission project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The State of Montana, in cooperation with the US Forest Service and the Bonneville Power Administration, is conducting a five-year study on the impacts on elk security habitat and hunter opportunity in western Montana of a 500 kV transmission line. Potential impacts stem from the new and upgraded access roads required for the line, which may reduce summer/fall security habitat and make hunting areas less remote. The line itself could affect the aesthetics of popular hunting areas located along the route. As part of this monitoring program, the Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation is surveying hunters at seven check stations in the project's two study areas. The hunter survey research has three phases. Phase I was conducted in fall, 1983, to collect baseline data on hunting use and quality in the study areas. After the line is constructed and energized, the Phase II survey, scheduled for fall, 1985, will test hypotheses developed from baseline data to assess the project's impacts on hunting use. During Phase III, scheduled for fall, 1986, the persistence of any impacts identified will be measured. Reports from each phase will be issued to the Interagency Wildlife Technical Committee (chaired by the Bonneville Power Administration). The data will also be used by the Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife, and Parks, both to help manage elk and to assist in US Forest Service Land management planning. Over 600 hunters were interviewed using a questionnaire developed by DNRC and reviewed extensively by state and federal agencies. The survey form contained questions on hunters' reasons for choosing the study areas as places to hunt, hunting success and related information, previous hunting experience, hunting area evaluations, place of residence, and age. The data were tabulated to describe the 1983 baseline data, and then subjected to cluster analysis. 36 references, 1 figure, 9 tables. (ACR)

Allen, S.

1984-11-01

226

Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2006-02-01

227

Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2003-2004 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2005-11-01

228

?12-prostaglandin J3, an omega-3 fatty acid-derived metabolite, selectively ablates leukemia stem cells in mice.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Targeting cancer stem cells is of paramount importance in successfully preventing cancer relapse. Recently, in silico screening of public gene-expression datasets identified cyclooxygenase-derived cyclopentenone prostaglandins (CyPGs) as likely agents to target malignant stem cells. We show here that ?(12)-PGJ(3), a novel and naturally produced CyPG from the dietary fish-oil ?-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5) alleviates the development of leukemia in 2 well-studied murine models of leukemia. IP administration of ?(12)-PGJ(3) to mice infected with Friend erythroleukemia virus or those expressing the chronic myelogenous leukemia oncoprotein BCR-ABL in the hematopoietic stem cell pool completely restored normal hematologic parameters, splenic histology, and enhanced survival. More importantly, ?(12)-PGJ(3) selectively targeted leukemia stem cells (LSCs) for apoptosis in the spleen and BM. This treatment completely eradicated LSCs in vivo, as demonstrated by the inability of donor cells from treated mice to cause leukemia in secondary transplantations. Given the potency of ?-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid-derived CyPGs and the well-known refractoriness of LSCs to currently used clinical agents, ?(12)-PGJ(3) may represent a new chemotherapeutic for leukemia that targets LSCs.

Hegde S; Kaushal N; Ravindra KC; Chiaro C; Hafer KT; Gandhi UH; Thompson JT; van den Heuvel JP; Kennett MJ; Hankey P; Paulson RF; Prabhu KS

2011-12-01

229

?12-prostaglandin J3, an omega-3 fatty acid-derived metabolite, selectively ablates leukemia stem cells in mice  

Science.gov (United States)

Targeting cancer stem cells is of paramount importance in successfully preventing cancer relapse. Recently, in silico screening of public gene-expression datasets identified cyclooxygenase-derived cyclopentenone prostaglandins (CyPGs) as likely agents to target malignant stem cells. We show here that ?12-PGJ3, a novel and naturally produced CyPG from the dietary fish-oil ?-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5) alleviates the development of leukemia in 2 well-studied murine models of leukemia. IP administration of ?12-PGJ3 to mice infected with Friend erythroleukemia virus or those expressing the chronic myelogenous leukemia oncoprotein BCR-ABL in the hematopoietic stem cell pool completely restored normal hematologic parameters, splenic histology, and enhanced survival. More importantly, ?12-PGJ3 selectively targeted leukemia stem cells (LSCs) for apoptosis in the spleen and BM. This treatment completely eradicated LSCs in vivo, as demonstrated by the inability of donor cells from treated mice to cause leukemia in secondary transplantations. Given the potency of ?-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid–derived CyPGs and the well-known refractoriness of LSCs to currently used clinical agents, ?12-PGJ3 may represent a new chemotherapeutic for leukemia that targets LSCs.

Hegde, Shailaja; Kaushal, Naveen; Ravindra, Kodihalli C.; Chiaro, Christopher; Hafer, Kelsey T.; Gandhi, Ujjawal H.; Thompson, Jerry T.; van den Heuvel, John P.; Kennett, Mary J.; Hankey, Pamela

2011-01-01

230

Nocapyrones H-J, 3,6-disubstituted ?-pyrones from the marine actinomycete Nocardiopsis sp. KMF-001.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Three new 3,6-disubstituted ?-pyrones, nocapyrones H-J (1-3), were isolated from the marine actinomycete Nocardiopsis sp. KMF-001. Their structures were assigned to be 3-alkylated 6-(1-methyl-1-propenyl)-2H-pyran-2-ones on the basis of UV, MS, NMR, and high resolution (HR)-FAB-MS analyses. Nocapyrone H (1) reduced the pro-inflammatory factor such as nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) and interleukin-1? (IL-1?). Moreover, nocapyrone H showed 5.82% stronger inhibitory effect on NO production than chrysin at a concentration of 10 µM in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells.

Kim MC; Kwon OW; Park JS; Kim SY; Kwon HC

2013-01-01

231

Nocapyrones H-J, 3,6-disubstituted ?-pyrones from the marine actinomycete Nocardiopsis sp. KMF-001.  

Science.gov (United States)

Three new 3,6-disubstituted ?-pyrones, nocapyrones H-J (1-3), were isolated from the marine actinomycete Nocardiopsis sp. KMF-001. Their structures were assigned to be 3-alkylated 6-(1-methyl-1-propenyl)-2H-pyran-2-ones on the basis of UV, MS, NMR, and high resolution (HR)-FAB-MS analyses. Nocapyrone H (1) reduced the pro-inflammatory factor such as nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) and interleukin-1? (IL-1?). Moreover, nocapyrone H showed 5.82% stronger inhibitory effect on NO production than chrysin at a concentration of 10 µM in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells. PMID:23386029

Kim, Min Cheol; Kwon, Oh-Wook; Park, Jin-Soo; Kim, Sun Yeou; Kwon, Hak Cheol

2013-02-05

232

Constructive diagonalization of an element X of the Jordan algebra J(3,O^3) by the exceptional group F_4  

CERN Multimedia

We know that any element $X$ of the exceptional Jordan algebra $\\gJ$ is transformed to a diagonal form by the compact exceptional Lie group $F_4$. However, its proof is used the method which is reduced a contradiction. In this paper, we give a direct and constructive proof.

Miyasaka, Takashi

2010-01-01

233

Monolithic circuits for the WA98 lead glass calorimeter  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Two monolithic circuits developed for readout of a 10,000 element lead glass calorimeter are described. The first contains 8 channels with each channel comprising a charge integrating amplifier, two output amplifiers with gains of one and eight, a timing filter amplifier and a constant fraction discriminator. This IC also contains a maskable, triggerable calibration pulser and circuits needed to form 2 by 2 and 4 by 4 energy sums used to provide trigger signals. The second IC is a companion to the first and contains 16 analog memory channels with 16 cells each, eight time-to-amplitude converters and a 24-channel analog-to-digital converter. The use of the analog memories following the integration function eliminates the need for delay cables preceding it. Characterizations of prototypes are reported, and features included to ease integration if the ICs into a readout system are described.

Wintenberg, A.L.; Awes, T.C.; Britton, C.L. Jr. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

1994-12-31

234

Working fluids in future; Korekara no reibai wa donaru  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes measures for alternative working fluids in Europe and the U.S.A., and their utilization state. It also describes practical performance of alternative working fluids. Production of CFC (chlorofluorocarbon) and HCFC (hydrochlorofluorocarbon) is to be reduced. R11 and R12, which are representative CFC working fluids, are currently being alternated by R123 and R134a included in HCFC. R134a is widely used as an alternative working fluid for electric refrigerators and car coolers. On the other hand, in response to future reduction of HCFC, some alternative working fluids are investigated. Are described the characteristics and abilities of R717 (ammonia), R290 (propane) and R744 (carbon dioxide), which are included in NWFs (natural working fluids), and R407C and R410A, which are mixed working fluids of HCF (hydrofluorocarbon). Furthermore, are illustrated the environmental impact indexes of various alternative working fluids. 2 figs., 1 tab.

Hotani, S. [Tokyo University of Fisheries, Tokyo (Japan)

1995-03-01

235

Parachordoma of the chest waII: case report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report radiologic findings in a case of chest wall parachordoma in a 32-year-old maIe with right upper back pain. The plain radiograph and CT scan of the chest revealed a soft tissue mass in the right lateral chest wall with rib erosion. En-bloc surgical resection with chest wall reconstruction was performed.

Cho, Seung Hyun; Sung, Nak Kwan; Jung, Kyung Jae; Lee, Young Hwan; Park, Young Chan; Kim, Ho Kyun; Park, So Yoon; Park, Ki Sung [School of Medicine, The Catholic Univ. of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Ko, Sung Min [School of Medicine, Keimyoung Univ., Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

2004-09-01

236

Waves, Hydrodynamics and Sediment Transport Modeling at Grays Harbor, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

This numerical modeling study was performed for the purpose of addressing short- and mid-term dredge material management issues for the Federal Navigation Project at Grays Harbor (GH), Washington. Seattle District (NWS) is also currently evaluating GH nav...

E. Hayter E. Smith J. Smith L. Lin Z. Demirbilek

2010-01-01

237

Biotechnology will change industries. Biotechnology wa kison kogyo wo kaeruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes first the DNA recombination technology and cytogamy technology briefly, and then introduces such examlpes of biotechnology applications as: (1) Development of such medicines as interferon and somatotropic hormone; (2) Production of amino acid, organic acid and basic chemical substances related to the petrochemistry by means of fixing biological catalysts such as enzymes and micro-oranisms and utilizing them for bioreactors; (3) Breeding new plants, creating clonal animais and chimera animals and controlling sexes of marine organisms; (4) Studies on producing such energy substances as ethanol, hydrogen and methane from biomass; (5) Studies aimed at environmental maintenance on fixing carbon dioxide utilizing algae, breeding plants that can withstand desert environments, producing biodegrading planstics, and utilizing micro/organisms to remove hravy metals; (6) Development of biosensors and dtudy on biochips. 3 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Karube, I. (The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Research Center for advanced Science and Technology)

1991-09-05

238

Time Projection Chambers of the WA71 experiment at CERN  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A pair of Time Projection Chambers have been tested in an 85 GeV/c ..pi../sup -/ beam. These two chambers were placed inside the magnetic field of the omega' spectrometer at CERN. A new kind of multihit electronics for pads and wires has been optimized and tested. Results obtained on track and vertex reconstruction accuracy are presented.

Benso, S.; Darbo, G.; Rossi, L.; Sannino, M.; Spinolo, E.; Torcello, E.; Traspedini, L.; Vitale, S.

1984-01-01

239

What is C60. C60 no shotai wa  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper elucidates what C60 really is. C60(1) is a carbon cluster of a special structure with Cs bonded solidly, and is a molecule chemically. Sixty Sp[sup 2] mixed carbon atoms are distributed evenly on a sphere with a radius of 7[angstrom]. Molecules in a crystal are of nearly perfect sphere, with small inter-molecular contact and weak binding force, and spinning at more than one billion rotations per second. C60 is a carbon's fourth allotrope. Three types of modification have been known to date, including the rugby ball shaped fullerene. Fullerene has been studied actively resulting in successive new reports. It is manufactured basically using the Kraetchmer's resistive heating method at a yield of approximately 10%. A plasma discharge process and an improved laser irradiation process can raise the yield to as high as 20% or more. Industrial application of C60 is within reach. Developmental researches are being moved forward by private corporations in Japan. Its application may cover wide areas, including electric conductors, semiconductors and the like. Elucidation of its production mechanisms has been waited for, together with solving a problem of reducing C60 reagent price. 45 refs., 3 figs.

Osawa, E. (Toyohashi University of Technology, Aichi (Japan))

1993-03-25

240

Single photon and neutral meson data from WA80  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The authors present experimental results on the transverse momentum spectra of {pi}{sup 0}, {eta}, and single photons measured in reactions of {sup 32}S with {sup 32}S and {sup 197}Au at 200 GeV/n. (HSI)

Santo, R.; Albrecht, R.; Awes, T.C.; Barlag, C.; Berger, F.; Bloomer, M.; Blume, C.; Bock, D.; Bock, R.; Bucher, D.; Claesson, G.; Clewing, G.; Debbe, R.; Dragon, L.; Eklund, A.; Fokin, S.; Garpman, S.; Glasow, R.; Gustafsson, H.A.; Gutbrod, H.H.; Hansen, O.; Hoelker, G.; Idh, J.; Ippolitov, M.; Jacobs, P.; Kampert, K.H.; Karadjev, K.; Kolb, B.W.; Lebedev, A.; Loehner, H.; Lund, I.; Manko, V.; Moskowitz, B.; Obenshain, F.E.; Oskarsson, A.; Otterlund, I.; Peitzmann, T.; Plasil, F.; Poskanzer, A.M.; Purschke, M.; Roters, B.; Saini, S.; Schmidt, H.R.; Sonderstrom, K.; Sorensen, S.P.; Steffens, K.; Steinhaeuser, P.; Stenlund, E.; Stueken, D.; Vinogradov, A.; Wegner, H.; Young, G.R. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany)]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)]|[Lund Univ. (Sweden)]|[Muenster Univ. (Germany)]|[Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)]|[Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)]|[Kurchatov Inst. of Atomic Energy, Moscow (Russian Federation)]|[KVI, Groningen Univ. (Netherlands)]|[Knoxville Univ., TN (United States)

1994-01-03

 
 
 
 
241

77 FR 66714 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Columbia River, Vancouver, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...South 11th Street Bridge, across the Thea Foss Waterway, mile 0.6, previously known...The Murray Morgan Bridge crosses Thea Foss Waterway (previously known as City Waterway...of the Murray Morgan Bridge across Thea Foss Waterway, mile 0.6, need not open...

2012-11-07

242

78 FR 57788 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Everett, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...arriving under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) at Snohomish County Airport (Paine Field...management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations at the airport. This action...enhances the safety and management of IFR operations at the airport. Also, the...

2013-09-20

243

75 FR 37294 - Modification of Class E Airspace; Kelso, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations at the airport. DATES: Effective...adequate controlled airspace to accommodate IFR aircraft executing new RNAV GPS SIAP's...necessary for the safety and management of IFR operations. The FAA has determined...

2010-06-29

244

77 FR 68068 - Modification of Class E Airspace; Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations at the airport. DATES: Effective...Moscow Regional Airport, to accommodate IFR aircraft executing RNAV (GPS) standard...necessary for the safety and management of IFR operations. The FAA has determined...

2012-11-15

245

Hiperhomocysteinemia - wa?ny czynnik ryzyka choroby niedokrwiennej serca  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hiperhomocysteinemi? traktuje si? obecnie jako niezale?ny czynnik rY7-^^ choroby niedokrwiennej serca. Mechanizm pro mia?d?ycowego dzia?ania homocysteiny to zarówno bezpo?rednie uszkadzanie ?ródb?onka naczyniowego przez grup? sulfhydrylow?, jak i u?atwianie syntezy nadtlenku wodoru w komórkach ?ródb?onka i produkcja wolnych rodników przyspieszaj?ce procesy mia?d?ycowe. Inne mechanizmy to hamowanie syntezy prostacykliny, zwi?kszona agregacja i adhezja p?ytek do ?cian uszkodzonych naczy? i aktywacja licznych czynników krzepni?cia. St??enie homocysteiny w surowicy zale?y od aktywno?ci wielu enzymów. Kluczow? rol? odgrywaj? dwa z nich: |3-syntaza cystationinowa (CBS) oraz reduktaza metylenotetrahydrofolia-nowa (MTHFR). CBS jest jednym z enzymów na szlaku przemiany metioniny w cystein?, natomiast MTHFR katalizuje konwersj? 5,10-metylotetrahydrofolianu do 5-metylotetrahydrofolianu, który jest g?ównym donorem reszt metylowych w reakcji remetylacji homocysteiny do metioniny. Kofaktorami dla tych enzymów s? witaminy B6 i B12 oraz kwas foliowy. Mutacja genu reduktazy 5,10-metyltetrahydrofolianu (substytucja C—>1 w pozycji 677) powoduje zamian? alaniny na walin? i zmniejsza aktywno?? reduktazy 5,10-metyltetra-hydrofolianu, co wi??e si? ze wzrostem st??enia homocysteiny w osoczu oraz zwi?kszonym ryzykiem choroby wie?cowej i zawa?u mi??nia sercowego. Wyst?puj? 3 ró?ne genotypy: homozygoty TT i CC i heterozy-goty CT. Wyst?powanie allela T jest zwi?zane z wyst?powaniem hiperhomocysteinemii. Wwielu badaniach wykazano zwi?zek polimorfizmu C677T z chorob? niedokrwienn? serca a genotyp TT uznano za czynnik ryzyka choroby niedokrwiennej serca. Wyst?pienie defektu w genach cz?sto nie jest czynnikiem wystarczaj?cym do wyzwolenia hiperhomocysteinemii. Wzrost poziomu homocysteiny mo?e by? spowodowany: niew?a?ciw? diet? (niedostateczna poda?: kwasu foliowego i(lub) witamin B6 i B12), farmakoterapia (stosowanie antagonistów kwasu foliowego np. metotreksatu, antagonistów witaminy B6 lub B12, fenytoiny, antykoncepcja lub leczenie hormonalne) zaburzenia endokrynologiczne, niewydolno?? nerek, palenie tytoniu, nadu?ywanie alkoholu. Wyst?powanie umiarkowanej hiperhomocysteinemii w ogólnej populacji zosta?o oszacowane na 5-10%. Wykazano zwi?zek wysokich st??e? homocysteiny z angiograficznie potwierdzon? chorob? wie?cow? i zawa?em serca. Podwy?szony poziom homocysteiny u pacjentów z chorob? niedokrwienn? serca potwierdzon? w koronarografii uwa?any jest za niezale?ny czynnik zagro?enia zgonem sercowym.

Krzysztof Chi?y?ski

2002-01-01

246

(EDMUNDS, WA) WILDLAND FIRE EMISSIONS MODELING: INTEGRATING BLUESKY AND SMOKE  

Science.gov (United States)

This presentation is a status update of the BlueSky emissions modeling system. BlueSky-EM has been coupled with the Sparse Matrix Operational Kernel Emissions (SMOKE) system, and is now available as a tool for estimating emissions from wildland fires...

247

Petroleum situation in 1990. Kotoshi no sekiyu jijo wa donaruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The fundamental structure of the oversupply of petroleum will not be improved in 1990. Although there exists no problem in the supply of petroleum, petroleum industry still has a grave constitutional managerial defects. Sound recovery of demand is expected to continue in 1990. The largest element which determines the scale of demand recovery is the crude oil price. Both demand and supply will increase in 1990, and the international crude oil price will not differ much from that of 1989. The upstream enterprises engaged in exploration, development and production of petroleum are suffering from decrease of profit while the downstream enterprises who are engaed in refining and product sales are enjoying profit increase by a large margin. The structural problem in Japan has been the decrease in profit due to the triple handicap of low oil price, high value of the Yen, and interest cost. There seems to be no problem for Japanese consumers in 1990 in the supply and price of petroleum. Various cases may take place inside the industry as a result of the relaxation of restrictions. Japsnese refinery industry and primary distributors may have to suffer from another severe situation also in 1990. 2 tabs.

Nezu, Mitsuo (Arabian Oil Co., Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

1989-12-30

248

Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial fish assemblages and native fish in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. In 1999, 2000, and 2001 the project began addressing some of the identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Department of Natural Resources, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Department of Natural Resources, Wellpinit, WA)

2003-09-01

249

Association between Depressive Symptoms and Metabolic Syndrome in Police Officers: Results from Two Cross-Sectional Studies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Policing is one of the most dangerous and stressful occupations and such stress can have deleterious effects on health. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome (Met Syn) in male and female police officers from two study populations, Buffalo, NY and Spokane, WA. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale. Met Syn was defined using the 2005 AHA/NHBLI guidelines. Analysis of covariance was used to describe differences in number of Met Syn components across depressive symptom categories. The number of Met Syn components increased significantly across categories of CES-D for Spokane men only (p-trend = 0.003). For each 5-unit increase in CES-D score, odds increased by 47.6% for having hypertriglyceridemia, by 51.8% for having hypertension, and by 56.7% for having glucose intolerance. Exploring this association is important since both are predictors of future chronic health problems and the results could be helpful in developing future gender-specific prevention and intervention efforts among police officers

2012-01-01

250

A thick homogeneous vegetated cover design proves cost - and schedule-effective for the reclamation of uranium mills sites near Spokane, Washington  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The Washington State Department of Health (WDOH) has licensed two medium sized uranium mills with tailings impoundments covering 28 and 40 hectares (70 and 100 acres), respectively, The uranium mill licensees have submitted closure and reclamation plans to the state, and site-specific conditions have determined the closure design features, Conventional uranium mill cover designs usually incorporate an overall cap of one to three meters, which includes a low-permeability clay barrier layer. A technical evaluation of several uranium mill facilities that used this design was published in the fall of 1994 and reported that unexpected vegetation root damage had occurred in the low-permeability clay (or bentonite amended) barrier layers. The technical report suggested that the low-permeability design feature at some sites could be compromised within a very short time and the regulatory goal of 1,000 years performance might not be achieved. In October 1994, WDOH sponsored a technical forum meeting to consider design alternatives to address these reliability concerns. Representatives from the federal government, nuclear industry, licensees, engineering firms, and state regulatory agencies attended the workshop. Risk factors considered in the evaluation of the uranium mill reclamation plans include: (1) radon gas emanation through the cover (the air pathway), and (2) migration of hazardous and/or radioactive constituents (the groundwater pathway). Additional design considerations include site structural stability, longevity of 1,000 years, and no active (ongoing) maintenance. 9 refs

1994-10-00

251

The impacts of balanced and exhaust mechanical ventilation on indoor radon  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Models for estimating radon entry rates, indoor radon concentrations, and ventilation rates in houses with a basement or a vented crawl-space and ventilated by natural infiltration, mechanical exhaust ventilation, or balanced mechanical ventilation are described. Simulations are performed for a range of soil and housing characteristics using hourly weather data for the heating season in Spokane, WA. For a house with a basement, we show that any ventilation technique should be acceptable when the soil permeability is less than approximately 10-12m2. However, exhaust ventilation leads to substantially higher indoor radon concentrations than infiltration or balanced ventilation with the same average air exchange rate when the soil permeability is 10-10m2 or greater. For houses with a crawl-space, indoor radon concentrations are lowest with balanced ventilation, intermediate with exhaust ventilation, and highest with infiltration

1987-01-01

252

Advances in the treatment of Raynaud’s phenomenon  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Terri L LevienDrug Information Pharmacist and Clinical Associate Professor, College of Pharmacy, Washington State University Spokane, WA, USAAbstract: Raynaud’s phenomenon is a common condition characterized by vasospasm of the digital arteries and resulting cyanosis and redness. It often does not require pharmacologic management, but in some cases symptoms are severe and pharmacologic management is necessary. Calcium channel blockers are often used first-line, but in some patients are ineffective. Patients with severe symptoms or intolerance to available therapies have prompted exploration of alternative therapies, including endothelin antagonists, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors, antioxidants, newer vasodilators, statins, and botulinum toxin. These newer therapies provide the focus for this review.Keywords: Raynaud, iloprost, bosentan, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors

Terri L Levien

2010-01-01

253

The impacts of balanced and exhaust mechanical ventilation on indoor radon  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Models for estimating radon entry rates, indoor radon concentrations, and ventilation rates in houses with a basement or a vented crawl-space and ventilated by natural infiltration, mechanical exhaust ventilation, or balanced mechanical ventilation are described. Simulations are performed for a range of soil and housing characteristics using hourly weather data for the heating season in Spokane, WA. For a house with a basement, we show that any ventilation technique should be acceptable when the soil permeability is less than approximately 10/sup -12/m/sup 2/. However, exhaust ventilation leads to substantially higher indoor radon concentrations than infiltration or balanced ventilation with the same average air exchange rate when the soil permeability is 10/sup -10/m/sup 2/ or greater. For houses with a crawl-space, indoor radon concentrations are lowest with balanced ventilation, intermediate with exhaust ventilation, and highest with infiltration.

Fisk, W.J.; Mowris, R.J.

1987-02-01

254

How gender disparities drive imbalances in health care leadership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mary Ann Keogh Hoss1, Paula Bobrowski2, Kathryn J McDonagh3, Nancy M Paris41Health Services Administration, Eastern Washington University, College of Business and Public Administration, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Liberal Arts, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 3Executive Relations, Hospira Inc, Lake Forest, IL, USA; 4Georgia Center for Oncology Research and Education, Atlanta, GA, USAAbstract: Low female representation in US hospital chief executive officer positions has persisted for decades. This article addresses gender disparity in professional development, the rationale for gender differences, and practical strategies to address this imbalance. The health care workforce consists of 75% women, but according to two recent surveys, ie, a state survey and a survey of the top 100 US hospitals, women hold only about 12% of chief executive officer positions in US hospitals. Significant and dedicated efforts by both individuals and organizations are necessary to rectify this imbalance.Keywords: gender, imbalance, leadership, United States, hospitals

Hoss MAK; Bobrowski P; McDonagh KJ; Paris NM

2011-01-01

255

Hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the midnite mine, northeastern Washington. Report of investigations/1994  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The Midnite Mine is an inactive, hardrock uranium mine on the Spokane Indian Reservation, Stevens County, WA. Oxidation of sulfide-containing minerals, primarily pyrite, in the ore body produces large quantities of acidic water. An interception system installed by the mining company limits the discharge of contaminated water from the mine. The Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Bureau of Land Management have been actively involved in planning remediation of the disturbed areas. To assist in remediation, the U.S. Bureau of Mines initiated research to determine water quality and define groundwater flow characteristics. Bureau personnel designed a monitoring network, supervised installation of sampling wells, and collected and analyzed water samples. This Report of Investigations describes interpretation of data collected between December 1989 to April 1992

1994-01-01

256

Pioneer 11 observations of trapped particle absorption by the Jovian ring and the satellites 1979, J1, J2, and J3  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Pioneer 10 and 11, during their encounters with Jupiter in 1973 and 1974, penetrated to L values of 2.8 and 1.7, respectively. During these encounters, at several L values, decreases in the intensity of energetic trapped particles were observed, some of which could be explained as due to absorption by the known moons Io and Amalthea; however, some decreases inside L = 4 could not be explained. The recent Voyager 1 and 2 optical discoveries of several new moons and a ring in this region has led us to reexamine our particle data, and we summarize results in this report. We report observations in three channels: protons 0.5--8.7 MeV; electrons >3.4 MeV; and medium-Z nuclei, probably oxygen and sulfur >70 MeV/nucleon. We find that with the additional moons and the ring, all observed intensity features in the stably trapped radiation are accounted for by satellite and ring absorption.

Pyle, K.R.; McKibben, R.B.; Simpson, J.A.

1983-01-01

257

Institute of Navigation, Annual Meeting, 42nd, Seattle, WA, June 24-26, 1986, Proceedings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The conference presents papers on the analysis of range and position comparison methods as a means of providing GPS integrity in the user receiver, a software package for predicting the performance of VLF-navigation systems, and measurement errors in GPS observables. Other topics include the architecture and performance of a real time differential GPS ground station, optimal locations of pseudolites for differential GPS, and GPS receiver technologies. Consideration is also given to Australian trials of Phase II Navstar GPS user equipment and the sensitivity of an autonomous navigation landmark tracing system due to the variability of landmark availability and distribution.

1986-01-01

258

International Instrumentation Symposium, 32nd, Seattle, WA, May 5-8, 1986, Proceedings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The conference presents papers on blast, shock, and vibration instrumentation; wind tunnel instrumentation and controls; electrooptic and fiber optic instrumentation; special test facilities; reentry vehicle testing; and nondestructive test and acoustic test instrumentation. Other topic include real time systems, flight test and avionics instrumentation, data aquisition and analysis systems, thermal measurements, and advances in measurement technology. Particular attention is given to an automated fringe counting laser interferometer for low frequency vibration measurements, dynamic pressure measurements in pneumatic lines, optically interfaced sensor system for aerospace applications, the picobalance for single microparticle measurements, ellipsometric film thickness, nanometer wear measurement by ultrathin surface layer activation, a rugged electronic scanner designed for turbine test, failure mechanism characterization of platinum alloy, and the thick film strain gage.

1986-01-01

259

Amplitude rise time does not cue the /ba/-/wa/ contrast for adults or children.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: Previous research has demonstrated that children weight the acoustic cues to many phonemic decisions differently than do adults and gradually shift those strategies as they gain language experience. However, that research has focused on spectral and duration cues rather than on amplitude cues. In the current study, the authors examined amplitude rise time (ART; an amplitude cue) and formant rise time (FRT; a spectral cue) in the /b/-/w/ manner contrast for adults and children, and related those speech decisions to outcomes of nonspeech discrimination tasks. METHOD: Twenty adults and 30 children (ages 4-5 years) labeled natural and synthetic speech stimuli manipulated to vary ARTs and FRTs, and discriminated nonspeech analogs that varied only by ART in an AX paradigm. RESULTS: Three primary results were obtained. First, listeners in both age groups based speech labeling judgments on FRT, not on ART. Second, the fundamental frequency of the natural speech samples did not influence labeling judgments. Third, discrimination performance for the nonspeech stimuli did not predict how listeners would perform with the speech stimuli. CONCLUSION: Even though both adults and children are sensitive to ART, it was not weighted in phonemic judgments by these typical listeners.

Nittrouer S; Lowenstein JH; Tarr E

2013-04-01

260

Somaclonal variation in tissue culture of banana cv. 'Kluai Num Wa'[Musa (ABB group)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Two types of cytokinins, 6-Benzyladenine (BA) and/or coconut water (CW) and pH of medium were studied for their effects on shoot formation, growth and somaclonal variation of banana tissue culture. Thecultures were carried out on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium for 30 days. The average shoot length (5.82 cm) was obtained in liquid medium supplemented with 15% CW. While a high number of shoots at 3.8shoots/explant were obtained in liquid medium supplemented with 5 mg/l BA. For fresh weight, liquid medium supplemented with 5 mg/l BA in combination with 15% CW gave the best results (2.26 g/shoot). Anoptimum pH for promotion shoot length (5.67 cm) was 5.6 whereas the lower value (pH 4) promoted a high number of shoot formation (3.89 shoots/explant). The highest fresh weight of 1.33 g/shoot was obtained onmedium adjusted pH to 8. After maintaining the shoots by successive subculturing (3-4 week-intervals) on MS medium with 5 mg/l BA several morphological abnormalities were obtained. Among those, chloroticleaves (1.5%) were firstly observed in the first subculture and increased to 3% in the second subculture. Moreover, a narrow leaf at 25.76% was also observed in this period. Further subculture, more somaclonalvariation, such as a thin long shoots, nodular shoots and bamboo-like leaf, appeared. Isozyme marker revealed a difference in zymogram patterns among those somaclonal variants.

Boonmee, O.; Te-chato, S.

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Search for the pentaquark candidate $\\Theta^+$(1540) in the hyperon beam experiment WA89  

CERN Document Server

We report on a high-statistics search for the \\t1540 resonance in $\\Sigma^-$-nucleus collisions at 340 \\gevc1 . No evidence for this resonance was found in our data sample which contains 13 millions $K^0_s \\to \\pi^+\\pi^- $ decays above background. For the decay channel $\\Theta^+ \\to K^0_s p$ and the kinematic range $x_F>$ 0.05 we find the production cross section to be $BR(\\Theta^+ \\to K^0_s p)\\cdot \\sigma_0 <$ 1.8 $\\mu$b per nucleon at 99% CL.

Adamovich, M I; Baranov, S P; Barberis, D; Beck, M; Bérat, C; Beusch, W; Boss, M; Brons, S; Brückner, W; Buénerd, M; Busch, C; Büscher, C; Charignon, F; Chauvin, J; Chudakov, E A; Dersch, U; Dropmann, F; Engelfried, J; Faller, F; Fournier, A; Gerassimov, S G; Godbersen, M; Grafström, P; Haller, T; Heidrich, M; Hubbard, E; Hurst, R B; Königsmann, K C; Konorov, I; Keller, N; Martens, K; Martin, P; Masciocchi, S; Michaels, R; Müller, U; Neeb, H; Newbold, D; Newsom, C; Paul, S; Pochodzalla, J; Potashnikova, I; Povh, B; Ransome, R; Ren, Z; Epherre-Rey-Campagnolle, Marcelle; Rosner, G; Rossi, L; Rudolph, H; Scheel, C; Schmitt, L; Siebert,H W; Simon, A; Smith, V J; Thilmann, O; Trombini, A; Vesin, E; Volkemer, B; Vorwalter, K; Walcher, T; Wälder, G; Werding, R; Wittmann, E; Zavertyaev, M V

2005-01-01

262

78 FR 40819 - Washington Disaster # WA-00038 Declaration of Economic Injury  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a notice of an Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) declaration for the State of Washington, dated 06/27/2013. Incident: Interstate 5 Bridge Collapse. Incident Period: 05/23/2013. Effective Date: 06/27/2013. EIDL Loan Application Deadline Date:...

2013-07-08

263

Future trend of science and technology. Kagaku gijutsu wa doko made susumu ka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The fifth survey of a large scale technology forecast which is conducted by the Science and Technology Agency (Japan) is now started. This paper gives a prospect on the megatrend of technical innovation according to the 4th. Survey conducted in 1987. Threefold viewpoints of the analysis are as follows: Type of the technical innovation (Breakthrough type and technology melting pot type). New technology and new product development (adding higher value, human friendly type). Leading technology qualitative innovation of information/electronic technology; pursuit of highly intelligent technology. (Biological technology qualitative innovation of bio-technology: pursuit of simulated organism function). The technical forecast is conducted on 17 field sectors. Examples of design-synthesis and fabrication'' technology are a technology of control based on clarification at atomic and molecular levels'', and another is design and synthesis technology of substances by means of a computer science:.'' 2 tabs.

Kondo, S. (Inst. for Future Techynology, Tokyo (Japan))

1991-01-05

264

HEALTHY STOCKS OF NW SALMON FOR CA, ID, OR, AND WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Geographic distribution of eight species/races of Pacific salmon and steelhead (spring/summer chinook, fall chinook, sockeye salmon, chum salmon, coho salmon, pink salmon, summer steelhead and winter steelhead. The data are based upon the Oregon Trout report Healthy Native Stock...

265

76 FR 28073 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...possession and control of the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...human remains was made by the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University...

2011-05-13

266

What are business models for system LSIs in future?; System LSI no business model wa donaruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

With the advancement of the semiconductor microprocessing technology, it has become possible that the number of transistors capable of being integrated in one chip will increase from tens of millions to hundreds of millions, and that system LSIs in each of which the whole system is integrated will become a main product among semiconductor products. It is expected that the applications in the system LSI age are not only computing, communication, electric appliances and machine-incorporated products, which are conventional applications, but also various kinds of applications including electronic money and social basic systems. There are many technical problems to be solved for attaining such system LSIs. In this paper, a semiconductor business model in the system LSI age and system LSI architecture are studied. First, the change in system forming mode and LSI configuring method are described, and then the multipurpose usability, exclusive usability, standardizability and performance-improvability of multipurpose system LSI architecture. 5 refs., 2 figs.

Murakami, K. [Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan)

1998-08-20

267

Study of charm hadrons produced with a hyperon beam at CERN (the experiment WA89)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The study of charmed hadrons has been pursued using data recorded in 1993.. Charge asymmetries of the charmed particles produced in a ?- beam have been observed and preliminary cross sections measured. (authors)

1997-01-01

268

View of the WA3 set-up from upstream the beam entering the hydrogen target.  

CERN Document Server

The Amsterdam-CERN-Cracow-Munich-Oxford-Rutherford (ACCMOR)Collaboration set-up this experiment in the H1 beam of West Hall to study a variety of exclusive hadron reactions over a wide kinematic range up to 100 GeV/c incident momentum.

1977-01-01

269

Biomarker and histopathologic responses in flatfish following initial site remediation in Eagle Harbor, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Eagle Harbor is designated as an EPA Superfund site due to high sediment concentrations of creosote-derived polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) released chronically from a nearby creosoting facility. Previous (1984--86) field and laboratory studies with adult English sole (Pleuronectes vetulus) from this site demonstrated high prevalences of toxicopathic liver lesions including neoplasms in resident sole, and inducibility of several neoplasia-related lesion types by injections of a PAH-rich fraction extracted from Eagle Harbor sediment. Further studies (1986--88) expanded the target species to also include starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus) and rock sole (Lepidopsetta bilineata), and incorporated biomarkers of PAH exposure and effect, including hepatic CYP1A expression and biliary fluorescent aromatic compounds to estimate PAH exposure and metabolism, and bulky hydrophobic DNA adducts to estimate PAHs bound to hepatic DNA. Hepatic lesion prevalences and biomarker values in these three species from Eagle Harbor were among the highest found at Puget Sound sites. In the initial phase of site remediation, a cap of uncontaminated sediment was placed over the most contaminated portions of Eagle Harbor from September `93 to March `94, to provide improved benthic habitat and sequester PAH-contaminated sediments. Lesion prevalences and biomarker values in these three flatfish species just before capping began were generally reduced compared to historical data, possibly as a result of creosoting facility closure and site-based source controls. Similar data from fish collected immediately after and at 3, 6, and 12 months after cap completion are presented to determine the efficacy of the capping in ameliorating PAH exposure and associated effects in resident flatfish species.

Myers, M.S.; Anulacion, B.F.; French, B.; Hom, T.; Collier, T.K. [NMFS/NOAA, Seattle, WA (United States)

1995-12-31

270

Decontamination and decommissioning assessment for the Waste Incineration Facility (Building 232-Z) Hanford Site, [Hanford], WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Building 232-Z is an element of the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. From 1961 until 1972, plutonium-bearing combustible materials were incinerated in the building. Between 1972 and 1983, following shutdown of the incinerator, the facility was used for waste segregation activities. The facility was placed in retired inactive status in 1984 and classified as a Limited Control Facility pursuant to DOE Order 5480.5, Safety of Nuclear Facilities, and 6430.1A, General Design Criteria. The current plutonium inventory within the building is estimated to be approximately 848 grams, the majority of which is retained within the process hood ventilation system. As a contaminated retired facility, Building 232-Z is included in the DOE Surplus Facility Management Program. The objective of this Decontamination and Decommissioning (D ampersand D) assessment is to remove Building 232-Z, thereby elmininating the radiological and environmental hazards associated with the plutonium inventory within the structure. The steps to accomplish the plan objectives are: (1) identifying the locations of the most significant amounts of plutonium, (2) removing residual plutonium, (3) removing and decontaminating remaining building equipment, (4) dismantling the remaining structure, and (5) closing out the project

1994-01-01

271

For the establishment of engineering profession; Ore wa gijutsusha dato, hokoritakaku katareru hi wo mezashite  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

There is a country in which professionals are respected, and occupy important posts with a high sense of responsibility across the society. An engineer has his education started, he gains experience and earns a professional qualification of Japan which is internationally accepted, he gains further experience and makes efforts to acquire American and European qualifications such as PE and CEng or international engineers' qualifications such as APEC Engineer and International Engineer. Continuing professional development (CPD) should be institutionalized, and a system should be constructed which will help such a young engineer receive CPD without quitting his job and keep his knowledge and ability from becoming antiquated. This can be a desired goal for a nation who wants to enhance its industrial competitiveness by fully extracting engineers' capabilities as well as for an individual engineer who wants to live a worthwhile life. A new system for the qualification of engineers should begin with the establishment of the consultant engineer qualification as a professional engineers' standard qualification. Both Government and civil sectors should make their utmost efforts to build a system for making full use of this qualification. (NEDO)

Ohashi, H. [Kogakuin University, Tokyo (Japan)

2000-03-20

272

Is N-trimethylsilylaldimine really reactive?; N-torimechirushiriru arujimin wa hontoni hanno kassei ka ?  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Addition to sp2 carbon, especially allylation is one of the reactions applied widely in synthesis. Among sp2 carbon, catalytic asymmetric allylation in respect to aldimine has already been established whereas asymmetric reactions in respect to ketone and imine are deemed difficult, however reports relating thereto are recently published one after another. In this paper, new findings relating to asymmetric allyl boron reaction of imine are introduced. A problem of imine to be used as a substrate is its instability. Although the stability can be improved by introducing a substituent onto nitrogen, it simultaneously means the decrease of reactivity, therefore in many cases the reaction does not proceed well. Itsuno et al. concluded that N-trimethylsilylaldimine is a reactive substrate having the highest reactivity. However, Brown et al. found that N-trimethylsilylaldimine itself has no reactivity while another active seed is formed due to the addition of water, and this seed rapidly brings about allylation. (NEDO)

Chonan, Y. [Hirosaki Univ., Aomori (Japan)

1999-11-01

273

77 FR 69576 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Thea Foss Waterway Previously Known as City Waterway, Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Thea Foss Waterway Previously Known as City Waterway...South 11th Street Bridge, across Thea Foss Waterway, mile 0.6, previously known...South 11th Street Bridge, across Thea Foss Waterway, previously known as City...

2012-11-20

274

78 FR 31412 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Thea Foss Waterway Previously Known as City Waterway, Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Thea Foss Waterway Previously Known as City Waterway...South 11th Street Bridge, across Thea Foss Waterway, mile 0.6, previously known...Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Thea Foss Waterway previously known as City...

2013-05-24

275

77 FR 69562 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Thea Foss Waterway Previously Known as City Waterway, Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Thea Foss Waterway Previously Known as City Waterway...South 11th Street Bridge, across the Thea Foss Waterway, mile 0.6, previously known...South 11th Street Bridge, across Thea Foss Waterway, previously known as City...

2012-11-20

276

76 FR 45600 - Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and Grant Counties, WA; Draft Comprehensive Conservation...  

Science.gov (United States)

...cooperative farming program is conducted on the Refuge that provides food sources for migratory birds and other wildlife. Waterfowl habitat is actively managed. Management for State or Federal species of concern, such as the Washington ground...

2011-07-29

277

75 FR 45055 - Security Zone; 2010 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...the HMCS NANAIMO (NCSM 702), HMCS EDMONTON (NCSM 703), and the HMCS BRANDON...the HMCS NANAIMO (NCSM 702), HMCS EDMONTON (NCSM 703), and the HMCS BRANDON...the HMCS NANAIMO (NCSM 702), HMCS EDMONTON (NCSM 703), and the [[Page...

2010-08-02

278

77 FR 71011 - Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...issues within Dungeness Bay and Harbor. Limited data would be collected on birds, vegetation, invasive species, and marine debris, with no specific effectiveness monitoring conducted for habitats or wildlife. Research would continue under...

2012-11-28

279

Hundimiento de las aguas al sur de Cuba Downwelling wa ters in the south of Cuba  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se realizan 23 estaciones oceanográficas a bordo del Buque de Investigaciones Científicas BIC "Ulises" en marzo de 1994 y abril de 1996 en el polígono de estudio situado en los 21°00'-21°30'N y 81°50'-83°00'W al sureste de la Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, con el objetivo de estudiar algunas de las relaciones hidrofísicas que controlan la dinámica de las larvas de langosta espinosa Panulirus argus en la interfase del talud con el océano. Se analizan el viento, transporte Ekman, turbulencia, profundidad de inicio de la termoclina, temperatura superficial del mar y estabilidad vertical en el hundimiento de las aguas cercanas al talud en los dos cruceros de primavera. El índice de transporte (IT) mostró un movimiento neto hacia la costa, provocando un hundimiento en la zona cercana al talud. El hundimiento produce un efecto de mezcla o falso afloramiento llamado "efecto cascada" que mantiene los nutrientes resuspendidos por un período que varía según la intensidad del viento y las corrientes imperantes en la zona. Este efecto, al parecer, es responsable de la retención larvaria en esta regiónTake account 23 oceanographic stations on Oceanographic Research Vessel BIC "Ulises" in March 1994 and April 1996 in the study polygon located in the 21°00'-21°30'N and 81°50'-83°00'W in southwest of Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, with the main objective to study hydrophysical relationships that control the dynamics of the Panulirus argus spiny lobster larvae in the boundary shelf. Importance of the wind, Ekman transport, turbulence, depth of the top of the thermocline, sea surface temperature, vertical stability in the convergence or downwelling nearshore waters in this important area of spawns, was demonstrated. Transport Index (IT) showed a net movement toward the coast causing nearshore downwelling. The downwelling produces a mixture effect or false upwelling called also "cascade effect" that maintains nutrients suspended for one period that varies according to the wind intensity and the prevailing currents in the area. This effect apparently, is responsible for the larvae retention in this region

Benigno Hernández; Roberto Piñeiro

2003-01-01

280

GigaWaM—Next-Generation WDM-PON Enabling Gigabit Per-User Data Bandwidth  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The “Gigabit access passive optical network using wavelength division multiplexing” project aims to implement 64-Gb/s data transmission over 20-km single-mode fiber. Per-user symmetric data rates of 1-Gb/s will be achieved using wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) architecture with a 1:64 user split per PON segment. Enabling technologies being developed within the scope of the project include tunable transceivers and athermal 50-GHz array waveguide grating multiplexer devices. The future-proof WDM architecture will enable convergence triple-play (telephony, TV, and broadband internet) service over existing optical infrastructure, and also facilitate cost-effective dense wavelength division multiplexing for metro aggregation and mobile backhaul networks.

Prince, Kamau; Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

76 FR 17471 - Air Tour Management Plan Environmental Assessment for Mount Rainier National Park, WA; Public...  

Science.gov (United States)

...telephone: (970) 225-3552 or Mr. Larry Tonish, Federal Aviation Administration, Air Tour Management Program, AWP-1SP, 15000 Aviation Blvd., Hawthorne, CA 90250; telephone: (310) 725-3817. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The FAA is issuing...

2011-03-29

282

75 FR 8346 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Settlement; Anderson-Calhoun Mine and Mill Site, Leadpoint, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Clerk, U.S. EPA Region 10, Mail Stop ORC-158, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Suite 900...Counsel, U.S. EPA Region 10, Mail Stop ORC-158, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Suite 900...Counsel, U.S. EPA Region 10, Mail Stop ORC-158, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Suite...

2010-02-24

283

Future of prestressed concrete (PC) buildings; PC kenchiku ni ashita wa aruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Various problems on PC buildings are discussed. The cognition on the use of concrete is different between Japan and European countries. In Europe, concrete as material is an alternative to brick and stone, and not ready mixed-concrete but precast concrete is usually used today. Even warehouses and hangars for aircraft are constructed with concrete. However, in Japan, since skillful carpenters can easily fabricate molds in fields, ready mixed-concrete is usually used like plastering material. The application of precast concrete (PCa) and PC to building construction is thus fundamentally different between Japan and Europe. PC is expensive in Japan because PC is usually used in the civil engineering field. The durability of PCs is also not yet established by building construction industry. Although various problems on PC exist in this industry, the effectively selective use of limited resources on the earth such as iron and concrete as structural materials by solving various problems is important for building construction

NONE

1997-07-31

284

Hundimiento de las aguas al sur de Cuba/ Downwelling wa ters in the south of Cuba  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se realizan 23 estaciones oceanográficas a bordo del Buque de Investigaciones Científicas BIC "Ulises" en marzo de 1994 y abril de 1996 en el polígono de estudio situado en los 21°00'-21°30'N y 81°50'-83°00'W al sureste de la Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, con el objetivo de estudiar algunas de las relaciones hidrofísicas que controlan la dinámica de las larvas de langosta espinosa Panulirus argus en la interfase del talud con el océano. Se analizan el viento, trans (more) porte Ekman, turbulencia, profundidad de inicio de la termoclina, temperatura superficial del mar y estabilidad vertical en el hundimiento de las aguas cercanas al talud en los dos cruceros de primavera. El índice de transporte (IT) mostró un movimiento neto hacia la costa, provocando un hundimiento en la zona cercana al talud. El hundimiento produce un efecto de mezcla o falso afloramiento llamado "efecto cascada" que mantiene los nutrientes resuspendidos por un período que varía según la intensidad del viento y las corrientes imperantes en la zona. Este efecto, al parecer, es responsable de la retención larvaria en esta región Abstract in english Take account 23 oceanographic stations on Oceanographic Research Vessel BIC "Ulises" in March 1994 and April 1996 in the study polygon located in the 21°00'-21°30'N and 81°50'-83°00'W in southwest of Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, with the main objective to study hydrophysical relationships that control the dynamics of the Panulirus argus spiny lobster larvae in the boundary shelf. Importance of the wind, Ekman transport, turbulence, depth of the top of the thermocline, s (more) ea surface temperature, vertical stability in the convergence or downwelling nearshore waters in this important area of spawns, was demonstrated. Transport Index (IT) showed a net movement toward the coast causing nearshore downwelling. The downwelling produces a mixture effect or false upwelling called also "cascade effect" that maintains nutrients suspended for one period that varies according to the wind intensity and the prevailing currents in the area. This effect apparently, is responsible for the larvae retention in this region

Hernández, Benigno; Piñeiro, Roberto

2003-01-01

285

76 FR 35363 - Proposed Amendment to Class B Airspace; Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Seattle Terminal Radar Approach Control Facility (TRACON). In addition, and as announced in the Federal...the Ad Hoc Committee's report was submitted to the TRACON, Seattle TRACON recommended adding to the original proposal by...

2011-06-17

286

Isotopic Studies of Contaminant Transport at the Hanford Site,WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Processes of fluid flow and chemical transport through thevadose zone can be characterized through the isotopic systematics ofnatural soils, minerals, pore fluids and groundwater. In thiscontribution, we first review our research using measured isotopicvariations, due both to natural and site related processes, of theelements H, O, N, Sr and U, to study the interconnection between vadosezone and groundwater contamination at the Hanford Site in south-centralWashington. We follow this brief review with a presentation of new datapertaining to vadose zone and groundwater contamination in the WMAT-TX-TY vicinity. Uranium (U) isotopic data for the C3832 core (WMA TX)indicates the involvement of processed natural U fuel, and links theobserved U contamination to the nearby single shelled tank TX-104. Thedata also precludes contamination from an early 1970 s TX-107 leak. Inthe case of the C4104 core (WMA T), the U isotopic data indicates amixture of processed natural and enriched U fuels consistent with themajor leak from T-106 in 1973. Uranium and Strontium isotopic data forthe cores also provides direct evidence for chemical interaction betweenhigh-pH waste fluid and sediment. Isotopic data for groundwater nitratecontamination in the vicinity of WMA-T strongly suggests high-level tankwaste (most likely from T-106) as the source of very high 99Tcconcentrations recently observed at the NE corner of WMAT.

Christensen, J.N.; Conrad, M.E.; DePaolo, D.J.; Dresel, P.E.

2006-11-01

287

Supplemental Groundwater Remediation Technologies to Protect the Columbia River at Hanford, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nine projects have been recently selected by the US Department of Energy (EM-22) to address groundwater contaminant migration at the Hanford Site. This paper summarizes the background and objectives of these projects. Five of the selected projects are targeted at hexavalent chromium contamination in Hanford 100 Area groundwater. These projects represent an integrated approach towards identifying the source of hexavalent chromium contamination in the Hanford 100-D Area and treating the groundwater contamination. Currently, there is no effective method to stop strontium-90 associated with the riparian zone sediments from leaching into the river. Phytoremediation may be a possible way to treat this contamination. Its use at the 100-N Area will be investigated. Another technology currently being tested for strontium-90 contamination at the 100-N Area involves injection (through wells) of a calcium-citrate-phosphate solution, which will precipitate apatite, a natural calcium-phosphate mineral. Apatite will adsorb the strontium-90, and then incorporate it as part of the apatite structure, isolating the strontium-90 contamination from entering the river. This EM-22 funded apatite project will develop a strategy for infiltrating the apatite solution from ground surface or a shallow trench to provide treatment over the upper portion of the contaminated zone, which is unsaturated during low river stage.

2007-03-01

288

77 FR 38236 - Special Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival, Carr Inlet, Cutts Island, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1625-AA08 Special Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival, Carr Inlet, Cutts Island...the maritime public during the Underwater Music Festival and would do so by establishing...notice. Basis and Purpose The Underwater Music Festival is an event which includes...

2012-06-27

289

Letter Health Consultation: Palermo Superfund Site, Tumwater, Washington. EPA Facility ID: WA0000026534.  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently provided the Washington Department of Health (DOH) with its August 18, 2008, Final Second Five-Year Review Report, Palermo Wellfield Superfund Site, Tumwater, Washington. The purpose of the second fi...

2008-01-01

290

75 FR 41883 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...points, 2 scrapers, 1 bone scraper handle, 1 lot of mussel shells, 1 lot of red ochre, 2 bone awls, 1 lot of charcoal, 1 pestle, 2 lots of cedar wood fragments, 3 lots of shell beads, 1 stone bead necklace, 2 bifaces, 5 lots of bag residue, 4...

2010-07-19

291

76 FR 28076 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...points, 2 scrapers, 1 bone scraper handle, 1 lot of mussel shells, 1 lot of red ochre, 2 bone awls, 1 lot of charcoal, 1 pestle, 2 lots of cedar wood fragments, 3 lots of shell beads, 1 stone bead necklace, 2 bifaces, 5 lots of bag residue, 4...

2011-05-13

292

78 FR 21401 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Central Washington University, Ellensburg, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...of the earlier recorded observations.'' Mr. Splawn described the areas of occupation of the Wanapum to include: ``Wi-nah-pams or Sokulks were Shahap-tam Indians and occupied both banks of the Columbia from a short distance above the mouth...

2013-04-10

293

Production of V{sup 0} pairs in the hyperon experiment WA89  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present a comprehensive study of the inclusive production of V{sup 0}V{sup 0} pairs (V{sup 0}={lambda}, anti {lambda} or K{sub S}) by {sigma}{sup -} and {pi}{sup -} of 340 GeV/c momentum and neutrons of 260 GeV/c mean momentum in copper and carbon targets. In particular, the dependence of the x{sub F} spectra on the combination of beam-particle and produced V{sup 0}V{sup 0} pair is investigated and compared to predictions obtained from PYTHIA and QSGM calculations. The data and these predictions differ in many details, the agreement can at best be termed as qualitative. A signal from decays of the tensor meson f'{sub 2}(1525) was observed in the K{sub S}K{sub S} mass distribution and inclusive production cross sections were measured. No signal was found from the double-strange H-dibaryon decaying to {lambda}{lambda}. (orig.)

Adamovich, M.I.; Alexandrov, Yu.A.; Baranov, S.P.; Zavertyaev, M.V. [Moscow Lebedev Physics Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Barberis, D.; Hurst, R.B.; Rossi, L. [Dipartimento di Fisica and I.N.F.N, Sezione di Genova, Genova (Italy); Beck, M.; Brueckner, W.; Buescher, C.; Dersch, U.; Dropmann, F.; Godbersen, M.; Haller, T.; Heidrich, M.; Hubbard, E.; Neeb, H.; Povh, B.; Ren, Z.; Trombini, A.; Vorwalter, K.; Werding, R.; Wittmann, E. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany); Berat, C.; Buenerd, M.; Charignon, F.; Chauvin, J.; Fournier, A.; Martin, P.; Vesin, E. [Universite de Grenoble, Institut des Sciences Nucleaires, Grenoble Cedex (France); Beusch, W.; Grafstroem, P. [CERN, Geneve 23 (Switzerland); Boss, M.; Busch, C.; Keller, N. [Universitaet Heidelberg, Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg (Germany); Brons, S. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[TRIUMF, Vancouver, B.C. (Canada); Chudakov, E.A. [Universitaet Heidelberg, Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Thomas Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA (United States); Engelfried, J. [Universitaet Heidelberg, Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Instituto de Fisica, S.L.P. (Mexico); Faller, F. [Universitaet Heidelberg, Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Fraunhofer Institut fuer Solar Energiesysteme, Freiburg (Germany); Gerassimov, S.G.; Konorov, I. [Moscow Lebedev Physics Inst., Moscow (Russian Federation)]|[Max-Planck-Inst. fuer Kernphysik Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Technische Univ. Muenchen, Physik Dept. E18, Garching (Germany); Koenigsmann, K. [Max-Planck-Inst. fuer Kernphysik Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Univ. Freiburg, Fakultaet fuer Physik, Freiburg (Germany); Kovalenko, S.; Thilmann, O.; Waelder, G. [Univ. Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Dept. de Fisica y Centro de Estudios Subatomicos, Valparaiso (Chile); Martens, K. [and others

2007-12-15

294

78 FR 13887 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...the Washington State Office of Public Archaeology (hereinafter OPA), at the Washington State Parks' request, examined the burial site and discovered additional human remains. An OPA consultant and Washington State Parks staff contacted the...

2013-03-01

295

Healing leadership: the serving leader's impact on patient outcomes in a clinical environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Chris Nagel1, Anthony C Andenoro21Medical Operations – Continuous Improvement, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; 2Department of Organizational Leadership, Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA, USAAbstract: The future of health care is a topic that has significant importance to patients and caregivers alike for generations to come. As the health care industry becomes more complex, leadership and the examination of how to most effectively apply it to meet efficiency standards and optimize the patient experience will become paramount. Through this paper the authors provide the foundation for meeting this need through an innovative and socially adept framework that identifies the critical character attributes of a serving leader and the powerful impact that serving leaders can have on patient outcomes in the health care setting. This framework is grounded in a leadership theoretical foundation and contextually examined through qualitative methods. As the business of health care becomes more complex and more competitive, finding ways to improve processes and create healing environments conducive to improved patient outcomes will differentiate average health care and excellent health care in the future. This paper provides the impetus for successfully addressing these needs through the development of serving leaders, and three specific characteristics: emotional care, presence, and awareness.Keywords: servant leadership, health care, patient outcomes

Nagel C; Andenoro A

2012-01-01

296

Libby Amphibole Contamination in Tree Bark Surrounding Historical Vermiculite Processing Facilities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over a 70-year period, a mine near Libby, MT supplied nearly 80% of the world’s vermiculite. Raw vermiculite, which was contaminated with naturally occurring amphibole in veins throughout the deposit, was shipped to processing sites throughout the United States for exfoliation. In this pilot study, tree bark samples were collected near processing facilities in Spokane, WA, Santa Ana, CA, Newark, CA, and Phoenix, AZ in an effort to determine if areas surrounding these facilities are today contaminated with Libby amphibole asbestos (AA). From areas surrounding each of the four historical processing sites, Libby AA was detected in a subset of the bark samples. At the Santa Ana, Newark and Phoenix facilities, actinolite-tremolite and other high Fe Ca-bearing amphibole were also measured from the bark samples. In addition, chrysotile was frequently measured in samples collected from each of the sites. From the results of this pilot study, it is evident that tree bark can serve as reservoirs of asbestos, and indicators of past and current contamination. These data also suggest that areas outside of these historical processing facilities may today have some level of existing contamination resulting from the operation of these facilities.

Mohamed I. Elashheb; Terry M. Spear; Julie F. Hart; James S. Webber; Tony J. Ward

2011-01-01

297

Study of charm hadrons produced with a hyperon beam at CERN (the experiment WA89); Etude des hadrons charmes produits avec un faisceau d`hyperons au CERN (experience WA89)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The study of charmed hadrons has been pursued using data recorded in 1993.. Charge asymmetries of the charmed particles produced in a {Sigma}{sup -} beam have been observed and preliminary cross sections measured. (authors) 6 refs.

Berat, C.; Buenerd, M.; Chauvin, J.; Fournier, A.; Martin, Ph.; Rey-Campagnolle, M. [Inst. des Sciences Nucleaires, Grenoble-1 Univ., 38 (France)

1997-12-31

298

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 10): Tulalip Landfill Superfund Site, Marysville, WA. (Interim remedial action), March 1, 1996  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The decision document presents the selected interim remedial action for the tulalip Landfill near Marysville, Washington. Major elements of the selected remedy include: capping the landfill in accordance with the Washington State Minimum Functional Standards (MFS) for landfill closure; installing a landfill gas collection system. If necessary, a gas treatment system will also be installed; monitoring the leachate mound within the landfill, the perimeter leachate seeps, and landfill gas to ensure the selected remedy is adequately containing the landfill wastes; restrictions to protect the landfill cap; and providing for operation and maintenance (O&M) to ensure the integrity of the cap system.

NONE

1996-05-01

299

New results from WA85 on multistrange hyperon production in 200 A GeV/c S-W interactions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The authors present results on transverse mass spectra for K{sup 0}, {Lambda}, anti {Lambda}, and h{sup -} and hyperon ratios obtained for the reaction of 200 A GeV {sup 32}S with a tungsten target. (HSI)

Evans, D. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Abatzis, S.; Andrighetto, A.; Antinori, F.; Barnes, R.P.; Bayes, A.C.; Benayoun, M.; Beusch, W.; Bravar, A.; Carney, J.N.; Crux, B. de la; Di Bari, D.; Dufey, J.P.; Davies, J.P.; Elia, D.; Fini, R.; French, B.R.; Girone, M.; Ghidini, B.; Helstrup, H.; Holme, A.K.; Jacholkowski, A.; Kahane, J.; Kinson, J.B.; Kirk, A.; Knudson, K.; Lassalle, J.C.; Lenti, V.; Leruste, P.; Manzari, V.; Navach, F.; Narjoux, J.L.; Penzo, A.; Quercigh, E.; Rossi, L.; Safarik, K.; Sene, M.; Sene, R.; Vassiliadis, G.; Villalobos Baillie, O.; Volte, A.; Votruba, M.F. [Athens Univ. (Greece)]|[Bari Univ. (Italy)]|[INFN, Bari (Italy)]|[Bergen Univ. (Norway)]|[Birmingham Univ. (United Kingdom)]|[CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)]|[College de France, Paris (France)]|[IN2P3, Paris (France)]|[CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)]|[INFN, Trieste (Italy); WA85 Collaboration

1994-01-03

300

77 FR 72337 - Notice of Availability of the Injury Assessment Plan for the Hanford Site, Richland, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...activities that constitute the currently proposed approach of the natural resource trustees (DOE, Department of the Interior (DOI), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of Commerce National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, State of...

2012-12-05

 
 
 
 
301

$V^{0}, \\Xi$ and $\\Omega^{-}$ inclusive production cross sections measured in hyperon experiment WA89 at CERN  

CERN Document Server

We report on a measurement of the inclusive cross sections of Lambda , Lambda , K/sub S//sup 0/, Xi /sup +/and Omega /sup -/ production by Sigma /sup -/ and pi /sup -/ f 345 GeV/c momentum and by neutrons of 260 GeV/c mean momentum in copper and carbon. The differential cross sections as function of p/sub t//sup 2/ show a distinct non-gaussian behavior above 1.2 (GeV/c)/sup 2/. A comparison of the x/sub F/- dependence of Lambda , Lambda and K/sup 0/ production with calculations using PYTHIA and the QCSM model is discussed. (43 refs).

Adamovich, M I; Baranov, S P; Barberis, D; Beck, M; Bérat, C; Beusch, Werner; Boss, M; Brons, S; Brückner, W; Buénerd, M; Busch, C; Büscher, C; Charignon, F; Chauvin, J; Chudakov, E A; Dersch, U; Dropmann, F; Engelfried, J; Faller, F; Fournier, A; Gerassimov, S G; Godbersen, M; Grafström, P; Haller, T; Heidrich, M; Hurst, R B; Königsmann, K C; Konorov, I; Keller, N; Martens, K; Martin, P; Masciocchi, S; Michaels, R; Müller, U; Neeb, H; Newbold, D; Newsom, C; Paul, S; Pochodzalla, J; Potashnikova, I K; Povh, B; Ransome, R; Ren, Z; Epherre-Rey-Campagnolle, Marcelle; Rosner, G; Rossi, L; Rudolph, H; Scheel, C; Schmitt, L; Siebert, H W; Smith, A; Smith, V; Thilmann, O; Trombini, A; Vesin, E; Volkemer, B; Vorwalter, K; Walcher, T; Wälder, G; Weding, R; Wittmann, E; Zavertyaev, M V

2003-01-01

302

How far characterization can grasp catalyst as it really is; Kyarakutarizeshon wa dokomade shokubai no shin no sugata wo toraeruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Characterization is considered as compounding several methods to get a synthetical analysis on catalysts, and reflecting it in the catalysts design. On the other hand, since the progress of many surface analyzing methods, the discussions up to the molecule/atom level of the surface of solid catalysts become possible. For an example, the arrangement of atoms can be observed directly with scanning tunnel microscope and atomic force microscope together with high resolving power transmission electron microscope and scanning transmission electron microscope. Consequently, for an instance, in order to collect the crystal properties and other micro-data by the diffraction of X-ray and to analyze the micro-environment such as combination of the molecules, atomic distance, electronic state and so on with the latest surface analyzing methods and NMR, it is important to carry out the examination by using the analysing methods separately and, meanwhile, as complement to each other. In this paper, the necessity of the approach based on characterization for constituting new generation catalysts with the high functions is described. 17 refs., 3 figs.

Nakata, S. [Chiyoda Chemical Engineering and Construction Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

1993-10-05

303

Health assessment for Fort Lewis Logistics Center, Fort Lewis, Washington, Region 10. CERCLIS No. WA7210090067. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fort Lewis is located in Pierce and Thurston Counties, Washington, on the eastern shore of the southern part of Puget Sound. Groundwater and soil sampling at the Logistics Center has shown volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and heavy metals contamination of the unconfined aquifer beneath and northwest (downgradient) of the Logistics Center. The presence of VOCs in soils at the Logistics Center overlying the unconfined aquifer presents the additional exposure potential if migration of these contaminants through the soil into the aquifer occurs. If the disconnected but functional private wells are used for drinking, bathing, and cooking water, potential exposure could occur through ingestion, dermal absorption, and inhalation.

1993-08-06

304

77 FR 61781 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...2200-1100-665] Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College...3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of Maxey Museum...U.S.C. 3001(3)(B), the 35 cultural items described above are...

2012-10-11

305

THE COST OF POSITIONAL NEGOTIATIONS VERSUS COLLABORATIVE OR RELATIONAL NEGOTIATIONS FOR NEGOTIATING COMPLIANCE MILESTONES AT HANFORD WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The Hanford site is subject to the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (HFFACO), an order on consent signed by the DOE, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA) and the Washington Department of Ecology (WDOE). Under the HFFCCO, negotiations for transition milestones begin within six months after the issuance of a shutdown order. In the case of the PFP, the Nuclear Materials disposition and stabilization activities, a DOE responsibility, were necessary as precursor activities to Transition. This situation precipitated a crisis in the negotiations between the agencies, and formal negotiations initiated in 1997 ended in failure. The negotiations reached impasse on several key regulatory and operational issues. The 1997 negotiation was characterized by a strongly positional style. DOE and the regulatory personnel took hard lines early in the negotiations and were unable to move to resolution of key issues after a year and a half. This resulted in unhappy stakeholders, poor publicity, and work delays as well as wounded relationships between DOE and the regulatory community. The PFP is a former plutonium metal production facility. The operating mission of the PFP ended with a DOE Headquarters shutdown letter in October of 1996. Generally, the receipt of a shutdown letter initiates the start of Transition (as the first step of Decommissioning) of a facility. In the 2000-2001 PFP negotiations, a completely different approach was suggested and eventually initiated: Collaborative or Relational Negotiations. The relational negotiation style resulted in agreement between the agencies on all key issues within 6 months of initiation. All parties were very pleased with the results and all parties were relieved that protracted negotiations sessions were not needed with the new style of working together collaboratively to serve each other's interests without compromising each party's needs. The characteristics of collaborative negotiations included building trust, emphasizing equality of team members, problem solving by the entire team, relying on individual communications, and self-management skills. A specific example of positional negotiations is given with the resultant increase in cost, duration of negotiations, and lingering questions regarding trust among the parties

2004-01-01

306

THE COST OF POSITIONAL NEGOTIATIONS VERSUS COLLABORATIVE OR RELATIONAL NEGOTIATIONS FOR NEGOTIATING COMPLIANCE MILESTONES AT HANFORD WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Hanford site is subject to the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (HFFACO), an order on consent signed by the DOE, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA) and the Washington Department of Ecology (WDOE). Under the HFFCCO, negotiations for transition milestones begin within six months after the issuance of a shutdown order. In the case of the PFP, the Nuclear Materials disposition and stabilization activities, a DOE responsibility, were necessary as precursor activities to Transition. This situation precipitated a crisis in the negotiations between the agencies, and formal negotiations initiated in 1997 ended in failure. The negotiations reached impasse on several key regulatory and operational issues. The 1997 negotiation was characterized by a strongly positional style. DOE and the regulatory personnel took hard lines early in the negotiations and were unable to move to resolution of key issues after a year and a half. This resulted in unhappy stakeholders, poor publicity, and work delays as well as wounded relationships between DOE and the regulatory community. The PFP is a former plutonium metal production facility. The operating mission of the PFP ended with a DOE Headquarters shutdown letter in October of 1996. Generally, the receipt of a shutdown letter initiates the start of Transition (as the first step of Decommissioning) of a facility. In the 2000-2001 PFP negotiations, a completely different approach was suggested and eventually initiated: Collaborative or Relational Negotiations. The relational negotiation style resulted in agreement between the agencies on all key issues within 6 months of initiation. All parties were very pleased with the results and all parties were relieved that protracted negotiations sessions were not needed with the new style of working together collaboratively to serve each other's interests without compromising each party's needs. The characteristics of collaborative negotiations included building trust, emphasizing equality of team members, problem solving by the entire team, relying on individual communications, and self-management skills. A specific example of positional negotiations is given with the resultant increase in cost, duration of negotiations, and lingering questions regarding trust among the parties.

HOPKINS, A.M.

2004-02-26

307

Methane hydrate, city gas resources in the 21st century; Metanhaidoreto wa 21seiki no toshigasu shigen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A report is made on the recent state of the possibility of methane hydrate as resources and as natural gas, as well as on its close relationship with global warming issue. Methane hydrate is expected to become a storage system for methane because the solidifying temperature of methane hydrate increases with the increase of pressure. A large quantity of free gas (gaseous methane) is discovered beneath the methane hydrate layer. In the collection of free gas, the economical efficiency can be improved greatly, and it is expected that the possibility of methane hydrate as resources may be realized. From the viewpoint of horizontal distance, methane hydrate resources are distributed near enough in the periphery of Japan. If technological innovation is made also for methane hydrate for the reduction of methane, the impact is estimated to be great. 8 figs.

Kaneko, H. [The Inst. of Applied Energy, Tokyo (Japan)

1997-09-10

308

“Nahni wa xfendik” (We and the others): Negotiation of multiple identities in the maronite community of Cyprus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study I will examine the negotiation of multiple identities in the Maronite Community of Cyprus which comprises four villages in the occupied territories (Kormakiti, Asomatos, Karpashia, Agia Marina) and a large number of displaced population in the area of Nicosia, Larnaca and Limassol, and especially the extent to which some identities are negotiable, while others are not. I will analyze the concept of collective identity in relation to religious and ethnic factors (Maronite, Arab origin vs the Orthodox Cypriots of Greek origin), differences within the community in relation to language (use of a particular Arabic dialect only by the inhabitants of Kormakiti, while other villages speak the Greek-Cypriot dialect) and a deliberate identification with Lebanon through Catholicism and similarities in history.

Koumarianou Maria

2011-01-01

309

“Nahni wa xfendik” (We and the others): Negotiation of multiple identities in the maronite community of Cyprus  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this study I will examine the negotiation of multiple identities in the Maronite Community of Cyprus which comprises four villages in the occupied territories (Kormakiti, Asomatos, Karpashia, Agia Marina) and a large number of displaced population in the area of Nicosia, Larnaca and Limassol, ...

Koumarianou Maria

310

77 FR 70137 - Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA; Bannon, Aeneas, Revis, and Tunk Grazing...  

Science.gov (United States)

...operators from lands suitable for grazing consistent with land management plans (CFR 222.2(c); and Forest Service Manual [FSM] 2203.1). Recent surveys of the analysis area identified some areas that are of concern or are currently not...

2012-11-23

311

78 FR 50443 - Notice of Temporary Closure to Target Shooting on Public Lands in Yakima County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...13XL1109AF.HAG13-0141] Notice of Temporary Closure to Target Shooting on Public Lands in...SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that a closure to target shooting is in effect on public...and Federal levels, this temporary closure is in response to target shooting on...

2013-08-19

312

Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associat...

Hurvitz Philip M; Moudon Anne V; Rehm Colin D; Streichert Laura C; Drewnowski Adam

313

Rise Time and Formant Transition Duration in the Discrimination of Speech Sounds: The Ba-Wa Distinction in Developmental Dyslexia  

Science.gov (United States)

|Across languages, children with developmental dyslexia have a specific difficulty with the neural representation of the sound structure (phonological structure) of speech. One likely cause of their difficulties with phonology is a perceptual difficulty in auditory temporal processing (Tallal, 1980). Tallal (1980) proposed that basic auditory…

Goswami, Usha; Fosker, Tim; Huss, Martina; Mead, Natasha; Szucs, Denes

2011-01-01

314

77 FR 25157 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Recommendations, Terms and Conditions, and Fishway Prescriptions, and Waiving the Timing...recommendations, terms and conditions, and fishway prescriptions: 30 days from the issuance...recommendations, terms and conditions, and fishway prescriptions may be filed...

2012-04-27

315

77 FR 17466 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing...  

Science.gov (United States)

...April 23, 2012. Filing of recommendations, May 23, 2012. preliminary terms and conditions, and preliminary fishway prescriptions. Commission issues Single EA.......... July 23, 2012. Comments on...

2012-03-26

316

Determining flow, recharge, and vadose zonedrainage in anunconfined aquifer from groundwater strontium isotope measurements, PascoBasin, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Strontium isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sr) measured in groundwater samples from 273 wells in the Pasco Basin unconfined aquifer below the Hanford Site show large and systematic variations that provide constraints on groundwater recharge, weathering rates of the aquifer host rocks, communication between unconfined and deeper confined aquifers, and vadose zone-groundwater interaction. The impact of millions of cubic meters of wastewater discharged to the vadose zone (103-105 times higher than ambient drainage) shows up strikingly on maps of groundwater 87Sr/86Sr. Extensive access through the many groundwater monitoring wells at the site allows for an unprecedented opportunity to evaluate the strontium geochemistry of a major aquifer, hosted primarily in unconsolidated sediments, and relate it to both long term properties and recent disturbances. Groundwater 87Sr/86Sr increases systematically from 0.707 to 0.712 from west to east across the Hanford Site, in the general direction of groundwater flow, as a result of addition of Sr from the weathering of aquifer sediments and from diffuse drainage through the vadose zone. The lower 87Sr/86Sr groundwater reflects recharge waters that have acquired Sr from Columbia River Basalts. Based on a steady-state model of Sr reactive transport and drainage, there is an average natural drainage flux of 0-1.4 mm/yr near the western margin of the Hanford Site, and ambient drainage may be up to 30 mm/yr in the center of the site assuming an average bulk rock weathering rate of 10-7.5 g/g/yr.

mjsingleton@lbl.gov

2004-06-29

317

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 10): Silver Mountain Mine, WA. (First remedial action), March 1990. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The five-acre Silver Mountain Mine site is an abandoned mine dump in Okanogan County, north-central Washington. Land in the site vicinity is used primarily for cattle grazing, and the nearest well, two miles away, is used for cattle watering and irrigation. The nearest residence is three miles south of the site. Operations at the mine were initiated in 1902 to extract silver, gold, and copper from soil and ore. From 1980 to 1981, a cyanide leach heap of previously mined material was constructed in an attempt to extract (leach out) silver and gold. The heap consisted of 5,300 tons of ore on top of a 20 ml plastic liner. About 4,400 pounds of sodium cyanide was mixed with water and sprayed on the top of the heap. The cyanide-laden effluent was then collected in a leachate pond at the base of the heap. The heap leaching operation was abandoned in late 1981 without cleanup of contaminated material. In addition, approximately 5,200 tons of unprocessed mixed material (mine dump) lie to the west of the leach heap. In 1982, the State took action to treat the cyanide at the site using sodium hypochlorite to partially neutralize the leachate pond and heap. In 1985, the State conducted a site stabilization effort, which included removal of liquids from the leachate pond and installation of a 33 ml plastic cover over the heap and pond.

1990-03-27

318

78 FR 34552 - Modification of Class D and Class E Airspace and Establishment of Class E Airspace; Pasco, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...No. 12-ANM-31] Modification of Class D and Class E Airspace and Establishment of...Airport, are adjusted for existing Class D and E airspace. This action also makes a...airspace designated as an extension to Class D surface area. This improves the safety...

2013-06-10

319

Smoking, it is slow suicide - aiming for smoking cessation; Kitsuen sore wa kanmannaru jisatsu. Kin'en wo mezashite  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Toxic substances content rate in the particle phase and the gas phase of paper roll tobacco and included substances in mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke were shown. Delay of information disclosure in developing countries including Japan was introduced along with explanation of the smoking situation in Japan and each country in world in the man and woman independence. As health hazard by smoking, symptom by nicotin, carbon dioxide and included other substances was described separately and smoking cessation countermeasure was introduced. (NEDO)

Azuma, Keiko [sophia University, Tokyo (Japan)

1999-02-01

320

75 FR 5941 - Umatilla National Forest, Walla Walla Ranger District, Walla Walla, WA; Cobbler II Timber Sale...  

Science.gov (United States)

...the 3-9 inch diameter at breast height (DBH) range which would be used as a woody biomass...for woody biomass products (3-9 inch DBH) and a high density of understory trees...encroachment. Trees less than or equal to 6 inches DBH would be cut by hand followed by a...

2010-02-05

 
 
 
 
321

Feasibility of fuzzy logic and neural networks to aerospace and aeronautics. Fuzzy to nyuro wa uchu koku e tekiyosareruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

While there is a number of successful examples of applying the fuzzy logic to plant processes to improve their efficiency, a common point to these successes is that the object to be controlled is blessed with deep knowledge and favorable development environments, and that the usefulness of the result of given actions can be confirmed readily. The application of the fuzzy logic to space researches has achieved good results as reported on shuttle return controls and space robot controls. However, it is still in a basic research stage, requiring further theoretical researches from the safety viewpoint. The neural network would correspond to the inductive inference mechanism and analogical function of a human brain among its other intellectual works. Its applicable area would include voice recognition, pattern recognition and robot intelligence control, but the practical applications are limited currently. Its application to the aerospace and aeronautic areas would be difficult under the current circumstances, but could be applied to such an area as the system to identify and control states of an object based on inferences from clusters of sensor data. 1 fig.

Ihara, H. (Hitachi Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

1991-10-10

322

IJCNN - International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, Seattle, WA, July 8-12, 1991, Proceedings. Vols. 1 2  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The present conference discusses such topics as the self-organization of nonnumeric data sets, higher-order data compression with neural networks, approaches to connectionist pattern synthesis, a time-varying recurrent neural system for convex programming, a fuzzy associative memory for conceptual design, sensor failure detection and recovery via neural networks, genetic optimization of self-organizing feature maps, a maximum neural network for the max-cut problem, a neural-network LSI chip with on-chip learning, an optoelectronic adaptive resonance unit, an adaptive fuzzy system for transform image coding, a neural model of image velocity encoding, and incremental learning with rule-based neural networks. Also discussed are the induction of neural networks for parallel binary operations, hybrid learning in expert networks, self-organizing modular neural networks, connectionist category formation, period-doublings to chaos in a simple neural network, the optimal adaptive classifier design criterion, fuzzy neuron models, associative memory networks, adaptive transfer functions, spatiotemporal correlation in the cerebellum, prejuditial searches and the pole balancer, linear quadratic regulation via neural networks, the global optimization of a neural network, neural network analysis of DNA sequences, map learning using an associative-memory neural network, a pairing strategy in an associative memory classifier, neural networks for music composition, and a neural network for motion computation.

1991-01-01

323

Determining flow, recharge, and vadose zone drainage in an unconfined aquifer from groundwater strontium isotope measurements, Pasco Basin, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Strontium isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sr) measured in groundwater samples from 273 wells in the Pasco Basin unconfined aquifer below the Hanford Site show large and systematic variations that provide constraints on groundwater recharge, weathering rates of the aquifer host rocks, communication between unconfined and deeper confined aquifers, and vadose zone-groundwater interaction. The impact of millions of cubic meters of wastewater discharged to the vadose zone (103-105 times higher than ambient drainage) shows up strikingly on maps of groundwater 87Sr/86Sr. Extensive access through the many groundwater monitoring wells at the site allows for an unprecedented opportunity to evaluate the strontium geochemistry of a major aquifer, hosted primarily in unconsolidated sediments, and relate it to both long term properties and recent disturbances. Groundwater 87Sr/86Sr increases systematically from 0.707 to 0.712 from west to east across the Hanford Site, in the general direction of groundwater flow, as a result of addition of Sr from the weathering of aquifer sediments and from diffuse drainage through the vadose zone. The lower 87Sr/86Sr groundwater reflects recharge waters that have acquired Sr from Columbia River Basalts. Based on a steady-state model of Sr reactive transport and drainage, there is an average natural drainage flux of 0-1.4 mm/yr near the western margin of the Hanford Site, and ambient drainage may be up to 30 mm/yr in the center of the site assuming an average bulk rock weathering rate of 10-7.5 g/g/yr.

2004-06-29

324

What kind of illuminance do we need for sports lighting. Sports shomei no sekkei, suiheimen shodo wa banno ka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Problems in the application of horizontal illuminance, which is defined by JIS's illuminance standard, lighting for outdoor sports facilities, and lighting for indoor gymnasiums, to designing of sports lighting were described. Significance in the novel introduction of concept of spatial illuminance, such as semi-cylindrical illuminance, in addition to conventional concept of horizontal and vertical illuminances was also discussed. From the relation between brightness and illuminance, it was made clear that a method for expressing the illuminance of three-dimensional objects was necessary. A concept of spatial illuminance, such as spherical, hemispherical, cylindrical, and semi-cylindrical illuminances was generally remarked on the basis of a theory of light field.'' A definition of a ratio of cylindrical illuminance to horizontal illuminance was proposed as a defining method of required level of brightness. Based on the concept of hexahedral illuminance given by the Commettee of Illuminating Engineering (CIE), it was estimated that sufficient brightness can be obtained in the case the value of bcylindrical illuminancec/bhorizontal illuminancec was in the range between 0.5 and 2.0. 9 refs., 4 figs.

Kawakami, K. (Iwasaki Electric Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

1991-04-25

325

77 FR 32943 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Driving in the Columbia River, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...driving during construction of the Terminal 5 Bulk Potash Handling Facility. DATES...conducted during the construction of the Terminal 5 Bulk Potash Handling Facility. In...the project site (specifically, Terminal 5) using vibratory and impact...

2012-06-04

326

Badania nad enolaz? - wa?nym alergenem grzybów ple?niowych. Preparacja i charakterystyka enolazy z Alternaria alternata  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wprowadzenie: Enzym szlaku glikolitycznego enolaza, uznawany jest za g?ówny alergen grzybów i ple?ni. Uzyskanie wysokooczyszczonych preparatów enolazy z ró?nych gatunków grzybów pozwoli w przysz?o?ci na zwi?kszenie specyficzno?ci i czu?o?ci w diagnostyce alergologicznej. Cel pracy: Celem niniejszej pracy by?o opracowanie metody preparacji enolazy z Alternaria alternata oraz zbadanie podstawowych w?a?ciwo?ci biochemicznych oczyszczonego enzymu. Materia? i metody: Szczep Alternaria alternata izolowany ze ?rodowiska hodowano na po?ywce Sabourauda z 4% glukoz?. Komórki grzybów rozbijano mechanicznie w m?ynku Brauna. Ekstrakt uzyskany ze zdezintegrowanych komórek frakcjonowano (NH4)2S04, a nast?pnie rozdzielano chromatograficznie na kolumnach, wype?nionych z?o?ami DEAE-Sephadex A-50 i CM-Sephadex C-50. Wyniki: Przeprowadzono badania nad wp?ywem czasu trwania hodowli Alternaria alternata na poziom aktywno?ci enolazowej w ekstrakcie komórkowym. Wykazano, ?e dla celów preparatywnych najefektywniejsza jest hodowla 28-dniowa. Opracowano metod? oczyszczania enolazy z Alternaria alternata, pozwalaj?c? na uzyskiwanie wysokooczyszczonego bia?ka. Okre?lono w?a?ciwo?ci molekularne i kinetyczne oczyszczonego enzymu. Wyznaczono mas? cz?steczkow? podjednostki enolazy Mw=47 kDa i optimum pH=6,8. Wykazano wysok? termostabilno?? enzymu, pozwalaj?c? na zachowanie 50% aktywno?ci po jednogodzinnej inkubacji w 50°C. Zbadano sta?e kinetyczne Km i Vmax dla reakcji 2-PGA—>PEP (1^=0,36 mM; Vmax=4 mmol min"1 pmol"1). Wnioski: Opracowana metoda izolacji i oczyszczania enolazy z Alternaria alternata pozwala na uzyskiwanie wysokooczyszczonego bia?ka. W?a?ciwo?ci biochemiczne oczyszczonego enzymu wskazuj? na jego znaczne molekularne podobie?stwo do enolazy z Saccharomyces cerevisiae i Candida albicans, co mo?e stanowi? przyczyn? wyst?powania krzy?owych reakcji mi?dzy tymi gatunkami grzybów.

Irena Kustrzeba-Wójcicka; Wioletta Kmiecik

2001-01-01

327

GigaWaM project overview : high Density WDM-PON based on tunable lasers and VCSEL Arrays  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In the poster we present novel hybridized central office and optical network unit technologies for a 64 user WDM-PON, providing 1.25 Gbps bidirectional access over 20 km. Preliminary experimental transmission results are presented, including the possibility of upgrade up to 10 Gbps.

Rodes Lopez, Roberto; Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood

328

Canada continues use prohibition of gene recombination cattle somatotropin; Kanada wa idenshikumikaegyu seicho horumon no shiyo kinshi wo keizoku  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Canada continued use prohibition of gene recombination cattle somatotropin (BST) which stimulated milk increased production of this company in spite of request of Monsanto Co.. The cow that BST was administered is based on the report of veterinary surgeon that causes reproductive function and lowering in the life, dysbasia and increase in the mastitis on this. From the research report that BST causes thyroid gland cyst of the male rat in U.S.A., consumer organization and environment group petition FDA for the elimination of BST from the U.S.A. market. In the meantime, Monsanto Co. in the report which Canada adopted, chemical structure is different, and it reports that it uses BST of other company in which dosing method and dosing frequency differ and disregards the report of Cornell university in which the life of the cow administered more and more does not lower BST. (translated by NEDO)

NONE

1999-04-05

329

76 FR 28505 - Okanogan Public Utility District No. 1 of Okanogan County, WA; Notice of Availability of Draft...  

Science.gov (United States)

...common grass and forb species include Sandberg's bluegrass, cheatgrass, arrowleaf balsamroot, and prickly pear. Within the shrub-steppe...vegetation has been cleared and replaced by grasses and forbs. Cheatgrass usually dominates in these areas. Common grass...

2011-05-17

330

Numerical Simulation of Mudflows from Hypothetical Failures of the Castle Lake Debris Blockage Near Mount St. Helens, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this report was to evaluate the hydraulic characteristics of mudflow events resulting from a hypothetical failure of Castle Lake (a debris blockage on the north fork of the Toutle River, caused by the Mount St. Helens eruption on 18 May 198...

R. C. MacArthur

1990-01-01

331

Society of Flight Test Engineers, Annual Symposium, 16th, Seattle, WA, July 29-August 2, 1985, Proceedings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The present conference on advancements in flight testing methods encompasses topics in test technology development, noteworthy flight test results, the management of test flight programs, the current status of numerous flight test programs, and the state-of-the-art in data-gathering and test instrumentation systems. Attention is given to flight testing of the Tornado terrain-following radar system in bad weather, of high bypass turbofan engines, and of the ground effect behavior of a powered lift STOL aircraft during landing approach. Also noted are the management of software-intensive systems testing, the merits of customer vs. contractor flight testing, precise control surface position measurements for hysteresis and twist bending, an avionics digital data acquisition system, a portable airborne digital data system, inflight loads in existing transport aircraft, flight simulator testing, and flight flutter testing.

1985-01-01

332

Differential presence of anthropogenic compounds dissolved in the marine waters of Puget Sound, WA and Barkley Sound, BC.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Organic compounds were evaluated in March 2010 at 22 stations in Barkley Sound, Vancouver Island Canada and at 66 locations in Puget Sound. Of 37 compounds, 15 were xenobiotics, 8 were determined to have an anthropogenic imprint over natural sources, and 13 were presumed to be of natural or mixed origin. The three most frequently detected compounds were salicyclic acid, vanillin and thymol. The three most abundant compounds were diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), ethyl vanillin and benzaldehyde (?600 n g L(-1) on average). Concentrations of xenobiotics were 10-100 times higher in Puget Sound relative to Barkley Sound. Three compound couplets are used to illustrate the influence of human activity on marine waters; vanillin and ethyl vanillin, salicylic acid and acetylsalicylic acid, and cinnamaldehyde and cinnamic acid. Ratios indicate that anthropogenic activities are the predominant source of these chemicals in Puget Sound.

Keil R; Salemme K; Forrest B; Neibauer J; Logsdon M

2011-11-01

333

Is your bone healthy? For the prevention of osteoporosis; Anata no hone wa kenko desuka? Kotsusosho yobo no tameni  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The disease state of osteoporosis, prevention and examination mothods in daily life were explained. Structures, components, and density of bones, and their differences by ages, sexes were described as the disease state. As symptom and prevention, many are pain in the back caused by spine deformation and fracture in the femur caused by tumbling down. Meals and motion and knowledges of nutrient are important as the prevention method. There are various test methodsand all those are precise. It was described that meals, favorite foods, motion, sun bathing, improvement of the constitution, etc. are important. (NEDO)

Ueda, Shin' ichiro

1999-03-01

334

75 FR 16502 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...unassociated funerary objects are a stone pestle (Whit-O-0135) and a stone mortar...stone scraper (WHIT-BR-0076); 1 pestle (WHIT-BR-0089); and 13 stone implements...0094). At an unknown date, a stone pestle (Whit-O-0137) was collected at...

2010-04-01

335

Dissolution rates and vadose zone drainage from strontium isotope measurements of groundwater in the Pasco Basin, WA unconfined aquifer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Strontium isotope compositions measured in groundwater samples from 273 wells in the Pasco Basin unconfined aquifer below the Hanford Site show large and systematic variations that provide constraints on groundwater recharge, weathering rates of the aquifer host rocks, communication between unconfined and deeper confined aquifers, and vadose zone-groundwater interaction. This article describes the evaluation of strontium geochemistry of a major aquifer.

2006-04-30

336

75 FR 20988 - City of Tacoma, WA; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and Soliciting Comments...  

Science.gov (United States)

...downramping rates) and 409 (timing of planned spill events) to allow for monthly spillway gate testing at the LaGrande Dam from November 1 to February 15. The spillway gate testing is a recommendation of the June 2008 Independent Consultant's...

2010-04-22

337

78 FR 11981 - Security Zone; Protection of Military Cargo, Captain of the Port Zone Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...USCG-2012-0087] Security Zone; Protection of Military Cargo, Captain of the Port Zone Puget...security of Department of Defense assets and military cargo in the navigable waters of Puget...security of Department of Defense assets and military cargo in the navigable waters of...

2013-02-21

338

Air pollution and hospital admissions for respiratory disease.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Several recent studies have reported associations between short-term changes in air pollution and respiratory hospital admissions. Most of those studies analyzed locations where there was a high correlation between airborne particles and sulfur dioxide (SO2), and between all air pollutants and temperature. Here, I seek to replicate the previous findings in a location where SO2 concentrations were trivial, and the correlation between both airborne particles and ozone with temperature was considerably lower than in previous studies. I constructed daily counts of admissions to all hospitals in Spokane, WA, for respiratory disease (International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision, codes 460-519) for persons age 65 years and older. I computed average daily concentrations of airborne particles whose diameter is 10 microns or less (PM10) and ozone (O3) from all monitors in each city, and I obtained daily average temperature and humidity from the U.S. weather service. SO2 concentrations in Spokane were so low that monitoring was discontinued. I regressed daily respiratory admission counts on temperature, humidity, day of the week indicators, and air pollution. I used a Poisson regression analysis and removed long wavelength patterns using a nonparametric smooth function of day of study. I dealt with a possible U-shaped dependence of admissions on temperature and/or humidity by using nonparametric smooth functions of weather variables as well. I then examined sensitivity analyses to control for weather. Both PM10 and ozone were associated with increased risk of respiratory hospital admissions [relative risk (RR) = 1.085; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.036-1.136 for a 50-microgram per m3 increase in PM10, and RR = 1.244; 95% CI = 1.002-1.544 for a 50-microgram per m3 increase in peak-hour ozone]. The PM10 association was insensitive to alternative methods of control for weather, including exclusion of extreme temperature days and control for temperature on multiple days. The ozone results were more sensitive to the approach for weather control. The magnitude of the PM10 effect in this location, where SO2 was essentially not present, and where the correlation between PM10 and temperature was close to zero, was similar to that reported in other locations in the eastern United States and Europe, where confounding by weather and SO2 is a more substantial concern.

Schwartz J

1996-01-01

339

Air pollution and hospital admissions for respiratory disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

Several recent studies have reported associations between short-term changes in air pollution and respiratory hospital admissions. Most of those studies analyzed locations where there was a high correlation between airborne particles and sulfur dioxide (SO2), and between all air pollutants and temperature. Here, I seek to replicate the previous findings in a location where SO2 concentrations were trivial, and the correlation between both airborne particles and ozone with temperature was considerably lower than in previous studies. I constructed daily counts of admissions to all hospitals in Spokane, WA, for respiratory disease (International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision, codes 460-519) for persons age 65 years and older. I computed average daily concentrations of airborne particles whose diameter is 10 microns or less (PM10) and ozone (O3) from all monitors in each city, and I obtained daily average temperature and humidity from the U.S. weather service. SO2 concentrations in Spokane were so low that monitoring was discontinued. I regressed daily respiratory admission counts on temperature, humidity, day of the week indicators, and air pollution. I used a Poisson regression analysis and removed long wavelength patterns using a nonparametric smooth function of day of study. I dealt with a possible U-shaped dependence of admissions on temperature and/or humidity by using nonparametric smooth functions of weather variables as well. I then examined sensitivity analyses to control for weather. Both PM10 and ozone were associated with increased risk of respiratory hospital admissions [relative risk (RR) = 1.085; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.036-1.136 for a 50-microgram per m3 increase in PM10, and RR = 1.244; 95% CI = 1.002-1.544 for a 50-microgram per m3 increase in peak-hour ozone]. The PM10 association was insensitive to alternative methods of control for weather, including exclusion of extreme temperature days and control for temperature on multiple days. The ozone results were more sensitive to the approach for weather control. The magnitude of the PM10 effect in this location, where SO2 was essentially not present, and where the correlation between PM10 and temperature was close to zero, was similar to that reported in other locations in the eastern United States and Europe, where confounding by weather and SO2 is a more substantial concern. PMID:8664396

Schwartz, J

1996-01-01

340

Robots targeted at living beings. Part 1. How near can robots be to human beings; Seitai wo mezasu robotto. 1. Robotto wa dokomade hito ni chikazukeruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

More than 30 years have passed since the birth of robots used in industry. Throughout this period, continued efforts are made to raise the working ability of the robots and make them be nearer to human beings by equipping the robots with various sensing functions, using the knowledge concerning work and environment and preparing inference functions. In this paper, through the comparison between the human intelligence and the mechanic intelligence such problems as what is the mechanic intelligence, why it is possible to make the machine have it and how near can the machine be to human beings are discussed, and the present situation about the robot intellectualization is described. From the viewpoint of the intellectualization of machines, the existing robots can be classified according to their roles as follows, (1) robots used as machines substituting human beings, which are intelligent and self-disciplined, and hence are robots used in industry, (2) robots coexisting with human beings such as service robots and welfare robots, and (3) robots used as research tools for understanding human intelligence and realizing it by itself.

Nagata, T. [Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

1995-10-20

 
 
 
 
341

Transpiration, growth and latex production of a Hevea brasiliensis stand facing drought in Northeast Thailand : the use of the WaNuLCAS model as an exploratory tool  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In order to get the benefit of the growing world demand for natural rubber, Hevea brasiliensis is increasingly planted in drought-prone areas, such as in the southern part of northeast Thailand. Modelling can be a useful approach in identifying key points of improvement for rubber tree cultivation i...

Boithias, Laurie; Do, Frederic; Isarangkool Na Ayutthaya, Supat; Junjittakarn, Junyia; Siltecho, S.; Hammecker, Claude

342

How is research making progress for prevention of welded structures from fracture destruction; Yosetsu kozobutsu no zeisei hakai wo fusegu tameno kenkyu wa do susundeiru  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Widely noticed fracture destruction after the Hanshin Earthquake and the evaluation method of welded structures are reviewed. First, typical examples of the fracture destruction in the earthquakes of Hanshin and North Ridge are shown; causes of the fracture destruction and technical countermeasures are shown. Next, past examples are shown, wherein the past fracture destruction cases gave driving forces to the research, resulting in improvement of the steel performance. Demand on destruction fracture toughness for welded heat affected zone (HAZ) after the fracture destruction cases, and discussions on existence of local brittle zone (LBZ) led to material development in 1980s. Further, world trend on the research in the title is outlined. Problems associated with application of fracture toughness data in fracture experiments to the evaluation of fracture characteristics of actual structures are pointed out as Transferability. Trend in Transferability is explained. International trends in testing standard and evaluation of fracture characteristics of structures are outlined. The research trends in Japan and the USA after the large earthquakes are shown in diagram, and the correspondence in steel structures are compared. 21 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

Toyoda, M. [Osaka Univ., Suita (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

1997-10-01

343

AECM-4; Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Acoustic Emission from Composite Materials, Seattle, WA, July 27-31, 1992  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Various papers on AE from composite materials are presented. Among the individual topics addressed are: acoustic analysis of tranverse lamina cracking in CFRP laminates under tensile loading, characterization of fiber failure in graphite-epoxy (G/E) composites, application of AE in the study of microfissure damage to composite used in the aeronautic and space industries, interfacial shear properties and AE behavior of model aluminum and titanium matrix composites, amplitude distribution modelling and ultimate strength prediction of ASTM D-3039 G/E tensile specimens, AE prefailure warning system for composite structural tests, characterization of failure mechanisms in G/E tensile tests specimens using AE data, development of a standard testing procedure to yield an AE vs. strain curve, benchmark exercise on AE measurements from carbon fiber-epoxy composites. Also discussed are: interpretation of optically detected AE signals, acoustic emission monitoring of fracture process of SiC/Al composites under cyclic loading, application of pattern recognition techniques to acousto-ultrasonic testing of Kevlar composite panels, AE for high temperature monitoring of processing of carbon/carbon composite, monitoring the resistance welding of thermoplastic composites through AE, plate wave AE composite materials, determination of the elastic properties of composite materials using simulated AE signals, AE source location in thin plates using cross-correlation, propagation of flexural mode AE signals in Gr/Ep composite plates.

1992-01-01

344

Global environment, economic growth and energies. ; Burden of environmental tax is not that heavy. Chikyu kankyo to keizai seicho to energy. ; Kankyozei no futan wa sorehodo omokunai  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes the following matters related to global environment, economic growth and energies. The debut of global environmental problems on the Japanese mass communications scene after 1988 is represented by the four reasons including the changes in political situations as a result of termination of the cold war, and the changes in economic policy targets from 'efficiency' to 'fairness'. Global environmental problems may be divided into five areas by causes. The global warming problem among them is serious because it is in a relationship neither too close to nor too remote from the present civilized society. As a measure to this problem, European countries have been working positively on introduction of an environmental tax, while the U.S. Bush administration has been extremely negative to its introduction. Attitudes of the Japanese Government toward the environmental tax are ambiguous, and the steel and petroleum industries are opposing to its introduction, but burden of the environmental tax would not be that heavy. In addition, the paper indicates that population increase is a difficult question affecting greatly the global environment.

Sawa, T. (Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan))

1993-01-05

345

Annual Report: 2011-2012 Storm Season Sampling, Non-Dry Dock Stormwater Monitoring for Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Annual PSNS non-dry dock storm water monitoring results for 2011-2012 storm season. Included are a brief description of the sampling procedures, storm event information, laboratory methods and data collection, a results and discussion section, and the conclusions and recommendations.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Rupert, Brian; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhart, Christine

2013-07-03

346

Physical and chemical mutagenesis of early mutant of indica restorers in ''WA'' (wild abortion) hybrid rice system and genetic analysis of mutants in heterosis utilization  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The four indica restorers in the wild abortion hybrid rice system were treated with physical and chemical mutagens, and the mutation frequency in the M2 generation and the correlation between the heading date of the mutants and other characters were investigated

1991-01-01

347

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 10): Wyckoff/Eagle Harbor Superfund Site, Groundwater Operable Unit, Bainbridge Island, WA, September 1994  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The decision document presents the interim remedial action for the Wyckoff Groundwater Operable Unit, one of four operable units at the Wyckoff/Eagle Harbor Superfund site, located at Bainbridge Island, Kitsap County, Washington. The remedy selected in this interim Record of Decision addresses the need to contain contaminated groundwater and non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPL) to the immediate area of the wood treatment operations of the former Wyckoff facility and not allow it to migrate into Eagle Harbor or into deeper drinking water aquifers.

1994-09-29

348

Impact of afforestation on long term 137Cs and 90Sr recycling from a wa burial in the Chernobyl Red Forest  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Following the Chernobyl reactor fire in April 1986, acute irradiation caused complete decay of pine trees in forest located in direct vicinity of ChNPP. The so-called 'Red Forest' is still today one of the most contaminated terrestrial ecosystems on earth. Emergency clean-up activities consisted of in situ burial of contaminated topsoil layers and dead trees in about two hundred sub-surface trenches involving 1 million m3 of radioactive materials. The trenches of Red Forest waste dump were then covered with 20-30 cm layer of 'clean' sand and the site was revegetated with a mixture of pine, birch and bushes to prevent secondary contamination due to soil erosion or wind resuspension. Large uncertainties are associated with the functioning of that improvised repository which remains a source of radio-nuclides (RN) dispersion into the environment. In particular, the role of new forest plantations as a long term stabilization factor of the radioecological situation in the afforested waste burial zone is questioned. With forest growth, future risk of radioactivity dissemination may involve the root uptake of bio-available radio-nuclides from deep layers in addition to the leaching of RN with downwards water fluxes. Our investigation aimed to assess the fraction of activity which could be extracted from the trenches due to root uptake by trees and further involved in natural biological cycles. For that purpose, we compared the transfer of 90Sr and 137Cs to 15 years-old Scots pine trees (Pinus sylvestris L.) growing at the Chernobyl Pilot, Site, directly on the trench no.22 and outside the trench. The radio-nuclide flux and migration were studied and annual fluxes for 137Cs and 90Sr determined (author)(tk)

2008-01-01

349

1998 BPA habitat projects completed within the Asotin Creek Watershed, WA; Ridge-Top to Ridge-Top Habitat Projects; 1998 BPA Completion Report - November 1999  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Asotin Creek Model Watershed Program (ACMWP) is the primary entity coordinating habitat projects on both private and public lands within the Asotin Creek watershed. The Asotin Creek watershed covers approximately 325 square miles in the Blue Mountains of southeastern Washington. Snake River spring chinook salmon, summer steelhead and bull trout, which are listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), are present in the watershed. The ACMWP began coordinating habitat projects in 1995. Approximately two hundred forty-six projects have been implemented through the ACMWP as of 1998. Fifty-nine of these projects were funded in part through Bonneville Power Administration's 1998 Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. These projects used a variety of methods to enhance and protect watershed conditions. In-stream work for fish habitat included construction of hard structures (e.g. vortex rock weirs), meander reconstruction, placement of large woody debris (LWD) and whole trees and improvements to off-channel rearing habitat; one hundred thirty-nine pools were created with these structures. Three miles of stream benefited from riparian improvements such as fencing, vegetative plantings, and noxious weed control. Two alternative water developments were completed, providing off-stream-watering sources for livestock. 20,500 ft of upland terrace construction, seven sediment basin construction, one hundred eighty-seven acres of grass seeding, eight hundred fifty acres of direct seeding and eighteen sediment basin cleanouts were implemented to reduce sediment production and delivery to streams in the watershed.

2000-01-01

350

Recent progress in 'bioelectronics' research. Part 4. ; Recent trends in biosensor research and development. Baioerekutoronikusu eno michi (shorai wa saibogu mo). 4. ; Baiosensa gijutsu saizensen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Biosensors are structured basing on a variety of principles. The latest trend of the research and development of biosensors is introduced to explain how the five senses such as taste sense and olfactory sense are detected. A biosensor is structured by combining biological element with a transducer which converts the result measured by the said element into electrical signal. Enzyme is most widely used at present. The enzyme recognizes a chemical substance very closely, and has a feature of promoting its reaction only. Chemical substances, therefore, can be distinguished if this enzyme is used. The principle of the biosensor is explained quoting the enzyme sensor as an example. Immune reaction and microbe reaction can be monitored by the similar principle to the above-mentioned principle. Sensors for measuring substances which are the bases of taste have been developed. Studies on smell sensors are also actively carried on, and the quartz oscillator is used mainly. 4 refs., 4 figs.

Karube, I. (The Univ. of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology)

1994-02-20

351

Do environmental carcinogenic substances cause human cancer. ; What quantitative risk evaluation tells. Kankyo hatsugan busshitsu wa jingan hassei no yoin ka. ; Teiryoteki kikendo hyoka kara wakaru koto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper enumerates different kinds of substances that are believed to cause cancer, and discusses how they behave in their quantitative evaluation on carcinogenic effects in human bodies. About 600 carcinogenic substances have been discovered from experimental animals, of which about 50 substances have been identified to clearly cause human cancer. The quantitative risk evaluation is performed by combining mainly two items; information of intensities of carcinogenic effects and human intake of the substances. An amount of a substance that raises a carcinogenic frequency by as much as a one million fraction when lifetime experimental animals are dosed with the substance is called a virtually safe dosage (VSD). According to calculations, the amount of BHA, a food additive for example, that is taken by Japanese people from different kinds of oils is 1/70 of the VSD, a very small contribution to occurrences of human cancer. Carcinogenic substances cannot explain, with very few exceptions, the occurrence of human cancer quantitatively. Living practices should rather be changed and improved. 5 refs.

Sato, S. (Kobe University, Kobe (Japan). Faculty of Medicine)

1993-01-25

352

Recent trends of high temperature superconductors. Part 5. ; Superconducting flywheel. Koon chodendo wa dokomade jitsuyo ni chikazuitaka. 5. ; Chodendo flywheel ni kanshite  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The prototype flywheel with a superconducting bearing was fabricated for energy storage. The flywheel was composed of 19 Y-Ba-Cu-O superconducting bulks fixed in the base with epoxy resin and immersed into liquid nitrogen, the aluminum levitating disk of 30 cm diameter, 3 trains of Fe-Nd-B magnets embedded circularly in the disk. Rotation of the flywheel levitated by 1 cm was controlled by electro-magnetic motor to charge or discharge energy. The charge and discharge of energy were confirmed by rotating the disk at 1,200 rpm and by lighting a lamp bulb of 0.5 W, where energy of 700 J was stored. In order to reduce rotation loss, uniform magnets were indispensable, and a large levitation gap and rotation of the disk in vacuum were also effective. The large disk and high speed rotation were necessary to increase energy storage, and the more rigid bearing was also indispensable to increasing of the revolution of the disk. 4 refs., 2 figs.

Murakami, M. (Superconducting Research Laboratory, Tokyo (Japan))

1993-08-20

353

Biocatalytic reactions in supercritical fluids. Can enzymes act as a catalyst in supercritical fluid?; Chorinkai ryutaichu deno seitai shokubai hanno. Sanso wa chorinkai ryutaichu demo hataraku kotoga dekiruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Examination in respect to reaction conditions of organic syntheses using biocatalysts including enzymes is significant. Among the reaction conditions, the kinds of reaction mediums are important, specifically, reaction activity varies greatly depending on an aqueous system or a non-aqueous system or the kinds of organic solvents in a non-aqueous system. In this paper, enzyme reactions in supercritical fluid as a new medium that has been used broadly in fields such as extraction and chromatography are introduced. Natural enzymes only dissolve in water, so that they scarcely dissolve in supercritical fluids that have polarity similar to organic solvents. As a consequence, a lot of the reactions using the natural enzymes as they are do not progress in the supercritical fluid since the reaction system is heterogeneous. In order to solve this problem, the present authors has developed a lipid modified enzyme prepared by covering the surface of an enzyme with a lipid molecular so as to make the enzyme hydrophobic. The authors also verified that the lipid modified enzyme can even dissolve homogeneously in an organic solvent having low polarity, thus efficiently accomplishing reverse reactions of hydrolysis, for example, esterification, transesterification , glycosidification, in an anhydrous organic solvent. (NEDO)

Mori, T.; Okahata, Y. [Tokyo Inst. of Tech., Tokyo (Japan)

1999-12-01

354

Expansion of colloid and surface chemistry to an interdisciplinary field. Biosimulation by liposome; Koroido kaimen kagaku wa gakusai ryoiki ni hirogaru. Liposome wo mochiite saibo kino ni semaru  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents the usefulness of an approach using liposome as cell surface model system (biosimulation by liposome) for clarifying the cell control function of glycolipid. The author and others systematically studied the influence of the aggregation state of ganglioside glycochains on a liposome surface on adhesion and stimulus to cells. Study was also made on the interaction between DPPC liposome including ganglioside and immunocyte, in particular, T cell including an acceptor for glycochains. The interaction was evaluated by laser fluorescence microscope, and an increase in Ca concentration in cells was detected and evaluated by fluorescence probe. An activating rate was also evaluated by counting the number of stimulated cells among nearly 200 cells. As the study result on a degree of adsorption of liposome as fluorescence marker to cells, active systems were strongly adsorbed on cell surfaces, suggesting that signals are transmitted in cells after coupling of active systems with acceptors on cell surfaces. 10 refs., 5 figs.

Akiyoshi, K. [Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan)

1998-07-01

355

Aoyama Gakuin University team winning the second prize in junior class in a solar car race; Aogaku team wa junior nii (solar car race ni sankashite)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper introduces how the Aoyama Gakuin University team competed in the World Solar Car Rally race held at Ogata Village in Akita Prefecture, Japan, in the summer of 1994. The race was formed with solar cars mounting a solar panel with the maximum area of 8 m{sup 2} and batteries with a total output of 3 kWh to compete how many rounds the cars can run around a course of 31 km during three days (25 hours in total). The solar car used by the University team had consumed power of about 600 W at a speed of 40 km/h, with the solar panel generating power of 800 Wp. The first day morning was sunny making possible to set the average speed to 45 km/h (power generation of 500 W or more), but the weather worsened in the afternoon compelling the car to change the speed to 30 km/h (power generation of 200 W). The power generated on the second day, which was cloudy all day, stayed at 250 W at the maximum, hence the speed was kept at 30 km/h to suppress the power consumption. On the sunny third day, the team drove the car worrying about the remaining battery capacity, and succeeded the drive of 23 rounds in total, winning the second prize among 30 cars participated in the junior class race.

Hayashi, Y. [Aoyama Gakuin University, Tokyo (Japan)

1994-09-20

356

Human race evolving into the space human race. Can human race overcome three walls; Jinrui wa uchujin e shinka wo hazimeta. Koerareruka mittsu no kabe  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Human stepped the space for the first time in the year 1961. `Space human race` is a human tribe which can freely live in the space having no air and water with the help of science and technology. Human race already possesses the seed of science and technology necessary for overcoming the first `wall of science and technology` that should be overcome by human race in order to evolve into space human race. However, environmental destruction of sea, air, forest and so forth has been already started in a global scale. Whether the human race can overcome the second wall `freeze the civilization` that is necessary to overcome in order to evolve into space human race. There is no age without war since the start of human civilization. Whether it is possible to overcome the most difficult barrier, the third wall `not to involve in war`. Human race can not settle in space and can not become space human race by constructing space colony if they continue to fight each other even though they may have high level of science and technology. 6 figs.

Kikuyama, N. [The Human Race Evolving into the Space Human Race, Tokyo (Japan)

1998-05-20

357

Rheumatoid factors isolated from patients with autoimmune disorders are derived from germline genes distinct from those encoding the Wa, Po, and Bla cross-reactive idiotypes.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To better understand the structural basis for rheumatoid factor activity, the nucleotide sequence of the light chain variable regions of nine human monospecific IgM rheumatoid factors were analyzed. Rheumatoid factors were isolated from three patients with rheumatoid arthritis, a patient with system...

Victor, K D; Randen, I; Thompson, K; Forre, O; Natvig, J B; Fu, S M; Capra, J D

358

Hanford facility dangerous waste Part A, Form 3, and Part B permit application documentation for the Central Waste Complex (WA7890008967) (TSD: TS-2-4)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. The scope of the Unit-Specific Portion is limited to Part B permit application documentation submitted for individual, operating, treatment, storage, and/or disposal units, such as the Central Waste Complex (this document, DOE/RL-91-17). Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needed by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology alpha-numeric section identifiers from the permit application guidance documentation (Ecology 1996) follow, in brackets, the chapter headings and subheadings. A checklist indicating where information is contained in the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation, in relation to the Washington State Department of Ecology guidance, is located in the Contents section. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in the General Information Portion). Wherever appropriate, the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation makes cross-reference to the General Information Portion, rather than duplicating text. Information provided in this Central Waste Complex permit application documentation is current as of May 1998

1998-01-01

359

MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO STUDY MIGMATITES: ORIGIN AND TECTONIC HISTORY OF THE NASON RIDGE MIGMATITIC GNEISS, WENATCHEE BLOCK, CASCADES CRYSTALLINE CORE, WA, USA  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish La unidad "Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss" del "Cascades Core" (NW de los Estados Unidos) es una unidad migmatítica que comprende esquisto y gneis pelítico, anfibolita, gneis tonalítico y tonalita concordantes y tonalita, granitoide cuarzoso y pegmatita discordantes. Hay varias generaciones de litologías ígneas (leucosomas = tonalita, granitoide cuarzoso, y pegmatita) algunos de las cuales son concordantes; otras claramente cortan la roca caja que está fuertemente de (more) formada. La roca caja se interpreta ser la unidad "Chiwaukum Schist" que es una unidad metasedimentaria (esquisto pelítico y algunos gneises) y metavolcánica (anfibolitas). La fábrica metamórfica en el Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss está caracterizada por la orientación preferencial de minerales micáceos (esquistosidad continua), bandeamiento composicional, lineación mineral (granos y agregados elongados), y rasgos de deformación no-coaxial (augen asimétrico, granos cortados y desplazados, porfiroblastos rotados, etc.). El bandeamiento composicional está caracterizado por lentes y parches (a escala milimétrica y centimétrica) de cuarzo y plagioclasa y por variaciones grandes en contenido de biotita. Esta fabrica compuesta esta fallada y plegada por estructuras mesoscópicas. Los leucosomas con foliación más pronunciada (tonalitas gnéisicas) son generalmente concordantes con la tendencia regional de la foliación, mientras que los leucosomas débilmente foliados (tonalitas) y las venas de pegmatita cortan la roca caja y el gneis tonalítico. Capas delgadas de melanosoma (esquisto de biotita y de anfíbol) se desarrollan localmente alrededor de los lentes y parches de cuarzo y plagioclasa. El pico del metamorfismo en el Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss y en el Chiwaukum Schist probablemente ocurrió después de la intrusión del batolito "Mt. Stuart" (ca. 91-94 Ma.). Las temperaturas y las presiones del pico del metamorfismo en las regiones de "Wenatchee Ridge" y del "Pacific Crest" fueron 650-720 °C y 6-9 kbar con un aumento de presión de ? 2.0 kbar durante el metamorfismo. El modelamiento termodinámico indica que la fusión parcial acuosa comenzaría aproximadamente a 660 °C y que esta temperatura es relativamente independiente de la presión. Observaciones de campo y petrográficas, química mineral y estimaciones termobarométricas, y la química de roca total y modelos termodinámicos de equilibrios de fases (pseudosecciones) aplicados al Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss indican que por lo menos algunos de los cuerpos de leucosoma fueron derivados por fusión parcial local. El carácter claramente intrusivo y los contactos abruptos entre algunos cuerpos de tonalita y la roca caja apoyan un origen externo para estos fundidos de tonalita. Sin embargo, algunos de estos cuerpos pudieron haberse originado por fusión parcial del Chiwaukum Schist y haber viajado una distancia corta antes de la cristalización, o pueden haber sido modificados por deformación y así oscurecer la evidencia textural que indicaría derivación local. Los resultados mostrados aquí son compatibles con derivación de leucosomas en el Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss a partir de dos procesos no exclusivos: fusión parcial de la roca caja e intrusión de fundidos tonaliticos derivados externamente. Abstract in english The Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss of the Cascades Core is a migmatitic unit comprising concordant pelitic schist and gneiss, amphibolite, and tonalite gneiss, and cross cutting tonalite, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite. There are several generations of 'igneous' lithologies (leucosomes = tonalite, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite) some of which are concordant; others clearly crosscut the strongly deformed host rocks. The host rocks are interpreted to be Chiwaukum (more) Schist with metasedimentary (pelitic schist and some gneiss) and metavolcanic (amphibolites) origins. Metamorphic fabric in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss is characterized by preferred orientation of platy minerals (continuous

Zuluaga C., Carlos A.; Stowell, Harold H.

2008-12-01

360

MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO STUDY MIGMATITES: ORIGIN AND TECTONIC HISTORY OF THE NASON RIDGE MIGMATITIC GNEISS, WENATCHEE BLOCK, CASCADES CRYSTALLINE CORE, WA, USA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss of the Cascades Core is a migmatitic unit comprising concordant pelitic schist and gneiss, amphibolite, and tonalite gneiss, and cross cutting tonalite, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite. There are several generations of 'igneous' lithologies (leucosomes = tonalite, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite) some of which are concordant; others clearly crosscut the strongly deformed host rocks. The host rocks are interpreted to be Chiwaukum Schist with metasedimentary (pelitic schist and some gneiss) and metavolcanic(amphibolites) origins. Metamorphic fabric in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss is characterized by preferred orientation of platy minerals (continuous schistosity), compositional layering, mineral lineations (elongate grains and grain aggregates), and non-coaxial deformational features (asymmetric augen, grain offsets,rotated porphyroblasts, etc.). Compositional layering is characterized by quartz-plagioclase lenses and patches (mm to cm scale) and by large variations in biotite content. This composite fabric is faulted and folded by mesoscopic structures. The most strongly foliated leucosomes (gneissic tonalites) are generally concordant with the regional trend of foliation, while weakly foliated leucosomes (tonalites) and pegmatite veins crosscut host rock and tonalite gneisses. Thin melanosome layers (biotiteand amphibole schist) are developed locally around quartz - plagioclase lenses and patches. Metamorphism in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss and the nearby Chiwaukum Schist likely peaked after intrusion of the Mt. Stuart Batholith ca. 91-94 Ma. Peak temperatures and pressures for the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss in the Wenatchee Ridge and Pacific Crest areas were 650 - 720 °C and 6 - 9 kbar with a pressure increase of £ 2.0 kbar during metamorphism. Thermodynamic modeling indicates that hydrous partial melting would begin at ca. 660 °C and is relatively pressure independent. Field and petrographic observations, mineral chemistry and thermobarometry, and bulk rock chemistry and thermodynamic modeling of phase equilibria (pseudosections) applied to the Nason Ridge 235Migmatitic Gneiss indicate that at least some of the leucosome bodies were derived by local partial melting. The clearly intrusive character and the sharp contacts between some tonalite leucosome bodies and host rock support an externally derived origin for these tonalite melts. However, some of these bodies may have originated from partial melting of the host Chiwaukum Schist and traveled a short distance before crystallization, or have been modified by deformation so as to obscure textural evidence for local derivation. Results are compatible with derivation of leucosome rocks in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss from two non-exclusive processes: partial melting of the host rock and intrusion of externally derived tonalite melts.

Zuluaga C. Carlos A.; Stowell Harold H.

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Current Research on Slope Movement in Mines: Use of Hyperspectral Imagery.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Spokane Research Laboratory, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, is investigating various remote sensing technologies as possible tools to detect, monitor, and mitigate hazardous situations in surface mines that could lead to catast...

E. L. McHugh J. M. Girard L. J. Denes P. Metes C. Sabine

2005-01-01

362

Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) Report : Grand Coulee Dam Mitigation, 1996-1999 Technical Report.  

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The purpose of this Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) study was to determine baseline habitat units and to estimate future habitat units for Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) mitigation projects on the Spokane Indian Reservation. The mitigation between BPA and the Spokane Tribe of Indians (STOI) is for wildlife habitat losses on account of the construction of Grand Coulee Dam. Analysis of the HEP survey data will assist in mitigation crediting and appropriate management of the mitigation lands.

Kieffer, B.; Singer, Kelly; Abrahamson, Twa-le

1999-07-01

363

Lake Roosevelt White Sturgeon Recovery Project : Annual Progress Report, January 2003 – March 2004.  

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This report summarizes catch data collected from white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus in Lake Roosevelt during limited setlining and gill netting activities in the fall of 2003, and documents progress toward development of a U.S. white sturgeon conservation aquaculture program for Lake Roosevelt. From 27-30 October, 42 overnight small mesh gill net sets were made between Marcus and Northport, WA for a total catch of 15 juvenile white sturgeon (275-488 mm FL). All sturgeon captured were of Canadian hatchery origin. These fish had been previously released as sub-yearlings into the Canadian portion (Keenleyside Reach) of the Transboundary Reach of the Columbia River during 2002 and 2003. Most sturgeon (n=14) were caught in the most upstream area sampled (Northport) in low velocity eddy areas. Five fish exhibited pectoral fin deformities (curled or stunted). Growth rates were less than for juvenile sturgeon captured in the Keenleyside Reach but condition factor was similar. Condition factor was also similar to that observed in juvenile sturgeon (ages 1-8) captured in the unimpounded Columbia River below Bonneville Dam between 1987-92. From 10-14 November, 28 overnight setline sets were made in the Roosevelt Reach between the confluence of the Spokane River and Marcus Island for a total catch of 17 white sturgeon (94-213 cm FL). Catch was greatest in the most upstream areas sampled, a distribution similar to that observed during a WDFW setline survey in Lake Roosevelt in 1998. The mean W{sub r} index of 110% for fish captured this year was higher than the mean W{sub r} of 91% for fish captured in 1998. Excellent fish condition hindered surgical examination of gonads as lipid deposits made the ventral body wall very thick and difficult to penetrate with available otoscope specula. Acoustic tags (Vemco model V16 coded pingers, 69 kHz, 48-month life expectancy) were internally applied to 15 fish for subsequent telemetry investigations of seasonal and reproductively motivated movements. In August 2003, three Vemco VR2 fixed station acoustic receivers, supplied by the UCWSRI Transboundary Telemetry Project, were deployed in the vicinities of Kettle Falls Bridge, Marcus Island, and Northport, WA. Data downloaded from these receivers through December 2003 confirmed the findings of a previous telemetry study that the Marcus area is an important overwintering habitat for white sturgeon. On 18 February 2004, juvenile white sturgeon (n=2,000) were transported from Kootenay Sturgeon Hatchery in British Columbia to WDFW Columbia Basin Hatchery (CBH) in Moses Lake, WA. Fish were reared at CBH to approximately 30 g and individually outfitted with PIT tags and scute marked. On 11 May 2004, fish were released into Lake Roosevelt in the vicinities of Kettle Falls Bridge, North Gorge, and Northport.

Howell, Matthew D.; McLellan, Jason G. [Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

2009-07-15

364

Maqrîzî, Taqî al-dîn A?mad b. ‘Alî b. ‘Abd al-Qâdir, Al-mawâ‘iz wa l-i‘tibâr fî dhikr al-khi?a? wa l-athâr, édité et présenté par Ayman Fu’ad Sayyid, Londres, al-Furqân islamic Heritage Foundation, 2002-2004, 4 volumes + 1 volume d’index, cartes, photos.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ayman Fu’ad Sayyid vient d’établir une magistrale réédition des Khi?a? de Maqrîzî. Ce texte de l’historien polygraphe du xve siècle, présentant une topographie historique de Fustât et Qâhira, bien que très utilisé par les chercheurs, n’était jusqu’à présent lisible que dans l’édition de Bûlâq de 1270/1853, et dans celle établie par Gaston Wiet entre 1911 et 1927. La première était fautive en maints endroits. Quant à la seconde, plus fiable, elle n’avait porté que sur le volume i.Pour réaliser...

Sylvie Denoix

2011-01-01

365

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 10): Northside Landfill, Washington (First remedial action), September 1989. Final report  

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The 345-acre Northside Landfill is in a mixed residential and agricultural area, in the northwest corner of the city of Spokane, Spokane County, Washington. The landfill has been used since the 1930s by the city of Spokane and a variety of private and public haulers for disposal of residential and light commercial refuse. The landfill is divided into four disposal units: a refuse unit, a grease skimmings unit, an old open burn unit and a sewage sludge unit. Only the refuse unit is active; however, it is scheduled to close by 1992. The western one-third of the land fill lies over the large Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer (SVRPA). The SVRPA was designated as a sole source of water supply for the Spokane-Coeur d'Alene area by EPA in 1978. Investigations conducted in 1981 and 1983 indicated the presence of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) beneath the site and in offsite residential wells located northwest of the landfill. The city immediately supplied the 19 affected residences with bottled water and has since extended municipal water lines to the area. The primary contaminants of concern affecting the ground water are VOCs including PCE, TCA, and TCE. In addition, iron and lead exceed the secondary drinking water standards offsite.

1989-09-30

366

'Japanese economy today based on white paper '99' DVD software; 'Nippon keizai wa ima' keizai hakusho no zenbo wo DVD ka  

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An 'economic white paper '99' was recorded using DVD software. The white paper producers in the Economic Planning Agency as well as Director Taichi Sakaiya interpreted Japanese economy themselves using video. Charts of more than 100 in which the present situation of Japanese economy was analyzed from every angle were collected in the DVD software. The interactive function of DVD enabled you to come and go between about 100-minute video comments and charts and you to understand the deep meaning shown in the charts easily. The present situation of Japanese economy can be easily and deeply understood than a book. Moreover, the whole text data and chart data in the white paper were recorded as a special appendix for a personal computer that mounts a DVD-ROM drive. This enabled the text or chart in the white paper to be easily quoted in planning or proposal. (translated by NEDO)

NONE

2000-03-01

367

Additional effect of yttria or magnesia on densification and mechanical properties of titanium carbide whisker/alumina composites; Tanka chitan wisuka/arumina kei fukugotai no chimitsuka to kikaiteki seishitsu ni taisuru ittoria mata wa maguneshia no tenka koka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The authors investigated about sintering and the mechanical properties of TiC whisker/alumina composites and reported previously that by addition of 30mol% of TiC whisker, toughness was improved, but the strength level of 450MPa could be obtained at the highest. Since then, it was discovered that in the atmospheric sintering of a TiC particle dispersed alumina based composite, densification was facilitated by trace addition of yttria, hence in this study, the effect of addition of yttria or magnesia on the densification of a TiC whisker/alumina composite and the mechanical properties of the obtained composite has been compared with the case without addition. As a result, in so far as densification is concerned, not much difference has been observed, but the room temperature and the high temperature bending strength have been fairly improved by yttria addition. In addition, magnesia addition has also contributed to the improvement of the room temperature strength although the effect of magnesia addition has been smaller than the yttria addition. These addition has shown almost no improvement of hardness and fracture toughness. 8 refs., 6 figs.

Kondo, I.; Tanaka, T.; Tanaka, K.; Tamari, N. [Osaka National Research Inst., Osaka (Japan)

1995-04-01

368

Reason for the differences in geologic phenomena between northern and southern parts of the Izu-Ogasawara arc. Izuter dot Ogasawara ko no chigaku gensho ni mirareru nanboku tairitsu wa naze shojitaka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Izu-Ogasawara arc located in the eastern edge of the Philippine sea plate, has been formed and developed relating to the subduction of the Pacific Plate. The northern part and southern part of the present Izu-Ogasawara arc were originally the independent arcs which had have the different development stories and joined together at the bending part of the preexisted remnant arc. The geological and geophysical phenomena observed in this island arc, therefore, are reflecting the interaction between both plates. The Sofugan tectonic line, the boundary between the northern and southern parts, is a boundary where the subducting angle of the Pacific plate changes and also the two back basins (Shikoku basin and Parece Vela basin) on the Philippine sea plate are subducting. In this report, therefore, the reason why this tectonic boundary, distinctive features in contrast between the northern and southern Izu-Ogasawara arcs containing it, and differences in the geological and geophysical phenomena have been developed, is described based on the development history of the Philippine sea. 15 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Yuasa, M. (Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan))

1991-08-25

369

LP gas storing - unique in the world. 40% of demand is for residential/commercial use and for automobiles; Sekai demo tokuina LP gas bichiku. Juyo no 40% wa minseiyo to jidosha muke  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The paper describes LP gas storing in Japan. Demand for LP gas in Japan is 19,500,000 tons, a share equivalent to 13% in the world. Japan is a country where LP gas is specifically stored as much as 2,000,000-plus tons, which is unparalleled in the world. The import of LP gas products is 15,000,000 tons annually (40% of the world trade), of which a little over 40% are directed to residential/commercial use and to automobiles. It was 1981 when obligation was imposed to store LP gas in the private sector, and the storing target in terms of the number of days was decided as 50 days. The stock exceeded 2,000,000 tons in 1991. The oil stock in the private sector began in 1975 and, having a peak in 1980, the present stock is about 43,000,000kl. The national oil stock scheme started in 1978; it has since developed into a 50,000,000kl system. With the Gulf crisis as a turning-point, the national storing scheme of LP gas has been made clear. The four sites selected for the investigation are to have an underground tank system as a feasible structure. The LP gas demand is expected to be 23,000,000 tons in 2010; and 1,500,000 tons or the 30 day equivalent of the import at such time has been set as a national stock 15 years from now.

Yoshida, M. [The Japan LP-Gas Association, Tokyo (Japan)

1995-03-01

370

Programmatic agreement among the USDOE/RL Operations Office, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, and the WA State Historic Preservation Office for the maintenance, deactivation, alteration and demolition of the built environment on the Hanford Site, Washington  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Programmatic Agreement (PA) addresses the built environment (i.e., buildings and structures) constructed during the Manhattan Project and Cold War Era periods of Hanford`s operational history. As such it encompasses the years 1943 through 1990. The identification, evaluation, and treatment of buildings and historic archeological remains on the Hanford Site predating 1943 will be accomplished through Sections 800.4 through 800.6 of the Council`s regulations. This PA will be in effect from the date of signature until September 30, 2000. Completion of the Sitewide Treatment Plan established under this PA satisfies all Section 106 requirements for identification, evaluation, and treatment necessary for all undertakings, up to and including demolition which may affect Manhattan Project and Cold War Era properties. This PA may be extended if the Sitewide Treatment Plan has not been completed by the end of FY 2000. Identification, evaluation, and treatment of properties constructed on the Hanford Site after 1990 will be handled pursuant to the regulations in effect at the time such properties are eligible for review.

Lloyd, D.W.

1997-08-01

371

Will EU`s single power market (electricity liberalization) lead to carbon reductions; Oshu rengo (EU) ni okeru denryoku shijo togo (jiyuka) wa CO2 haishutsuryo sakugen ni tsunagaruka  

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The effect of an EU-wide single power market (electricity liberalization) on the level of CO2 emission is discussed, and the results are reported. Described in the report are the progress toward power market liberalization in Britain, Germany, Scandinavian countries, and Spain, and the outlook for a required power source constitution. In Britain, a 20% reduction in CO2 emission was achieved in the power generation sector in the 1990-1995 period, and the 2/3 of the reduction is attributed to the reduction in CO2 emission in the thermal power generation sector where shift to gas was accelerated due to power market liberalization. In other European countries, the use of natural gas is also on the increase. The increase in these countries is not expected to grow so high because, for instance, gas is inferior to coal when it comes to economic advantage as to trigger off a reduction in CO2 emission. A reduction is attained in CO2 emission in the power generation sector in Germany, but it is attributed primarily to the increase in atomic power generation and to the shutdown of low-efficiency power plants in the area belonging in the now-defunct East Germany. 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Sasaki, M.; Kondo, S. [The Institute of Energy Economics, Tokyo (Japan)

1998-09-01

372

Recollections on developing a hydrogen engine. ; Cancer in the hydrogen engine was a backfire. Suiso engine no kaihatsu no omoide. ; Suiso engine no ''gan'' wa back fire datta  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes developmental studies on a hydrogen engine at the Musashi Industrial University in Japan. A hydrogen engine using a premixture of air and fuel hydrogen can deliver an output at only 85% of a gasoline engine. This is because of backfire created in the air suction pipe in an intake stroke. The backfire occurs with a concentrated fuel with excess air at [lambda] <2. The backfire can occur on two occasions. One is when the hydrogen concentration is high at high load with [lambda] <2 (H2 at 17% to 30% by volume), and another is at no load with [lambda] = 4 to 5. A way to eliminate backfires completely and improve the output is to inject hydrogen at a high pressure just before a top dead center. For the hydrogen fueled car, Musashi No. 8, a high-pressure pump was developed that can compress liquid hydrogen in a liquid state and pressurize it to 10 MPa. To reduce nitrogen oxide, NOx , generated from the gas mixture, an exhaust gas recirculator (EGR) is used. The NOx emission was halved at a circulation factor of 10%, at which the net thermal efficiency was decreased by 1.5%. Further development faces problems to be solved in the engine and fuel supply systems. 8 refs., 10 figs.

Yamane, K. (Musashi Institute of Technology, Tokyo (Japan))

1992-11-01

373

Secretive production of long-chain fatty acids, triacylglycerols and n-alkane-2-ones by fermentation processes; Hakkoho ni yoru ekitai nenryo no seisan wa kanoka (shishitsu no bunpi seisan)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Secretive production of lipids, which are useful source for engine-driving fuel, by microbial process using carbohydrate biomasses as substrate has been investigated in our laboratory. This review consists of four parts concerning breedings and selection of lipid-secretive microorganisms : (1) breedings of long-chain fatty acid-secretive strains from Candida lipolytica L-1 by a step-wise mutagenesis process, (2) selection of a triacylglycerol (TG)-secretive and accumulative yeast strain Trichosporon sp. SH45Y, (3) breedings of mutants, SH45Y-derivatieves, having potent ability to produce TG secretively from glucose, a typical biomass charbohydrate, and (4) selection of microorganisms which produce liquid-n-alkane in culture medium by utilizing long-chain fatty acids and TG; a strain of Penicillium decumbens can produce liquid alkalis with a yield of approximately 60 % in weight from palm kernel oil, a commercial TG. 10 refs., 7 figs., 7 tabs.

Fukui, S. [University of Fukuyama, Hiroshima (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

1995-10-20

374

Unification of EC and its influence on energy market; Possibility of energy market unification in 1992. EC togo to energy shijo eno eikyo; 1992nen ni energy shijo togoka wa jitsugen suruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The unification of EC market is now had the interest in the world. This paper summerized the prospect to the unification of energy market in EC by despatching the investigation committee in the autumn of 1989. When the energy market will be unified in EC, the scale may be 2.7 times larger than that of Japan and 56% of US, so that the influence may be large. The EC Committee started to survey problems for the market unification on each enrgy source in 1988 but the advance is hradly found. Oil taxing cannot be adjusted; national subsidy for coal is made by each country to cope with the international price but the adjustment between respective countries is difficult; for natural gas, there are problems of responce of large consumers and unclear demand concerning the market opening, and for the electric power there are problems for cost opening, and the exclusion of monopoly. But it is easy to solve problems for natural gas and electric power markets and the future is paid attention. 1 fig., 4 tabs.

1989-12-05

375

Survey of the travel of private cars.; Effects of more than private car owned by a family on the car travel distance; Jikayo joyosha no soko jittai chosa.; Joyosha no fukusu hoyu wa soko kyori ni eikyo wo ataeruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Of all energy consumption in the transportation sector, that of automobiles is largest, 90%, and that of private cars, especially, reaches 44%. A questionnaire survey is made mainly private purpose to in the Kanto area on private case used for private purpose to clarify their actual travel state, particularly, in the households owning more than one car. In the family owning more than two cars, travel distance per car is longer compared with the family owning one. This is because the travel is mostly for leisure by children of the family. The car travel distance of the family planning to purchase more cars is longer than that of the family not planning. In the family owning more than two cars, leisure time for outgoing is expected to increase in which the car is used. Nationwide demand for private car use gasoline will show a steady annual increase of about 3%. For consideration of energy consumption, it is important to think of travel distance and fuel consumption, and for the first time an analysis is made possible here of the relation between the number of the cars owned by a family and the travel distance which has not been made clear in the surveys so far made. 42 figs., 118 tabs.

NONE

1992-10-20

376

Cautionary remarks for literature survey and importance of publication. ; Parting of the ways to research and exercise. Bunken chosa to insatsu happyo. ; Kore wo okotatte wa kenkyu ni naranai  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Explanations are given on how to write a thesis as a way to summarize and publish the efforts of researches and experiments in a fruitful and productive manner. The field of this research relates to the chemistry, and describes cautionary remarks from information retrieval (literature survey) to syntax, how to use words, and how to draw charts and graphs. For example, since any research thesis should include new facts and new theories irrespective of its volume, it should verify what has been surveyed and what limitation it has, and certify one{prime}s own originality. Literature survey is indispensable in this sense. The results should be printed and published in journals as a complete thesis. Cautions in writing a theses include that sentences must be concise and plain so that the author{prime}s assertions and advocacies can be transmitted to readers precisely, that he should write sentences describing the results of his research in the past tense, that the sentences should not contain implications and suggestiveness, and that tables should carry their numbers and titles above them, and figures belowthem. 3 refs.

Kozuka, S. (Osaka City University, Osaka (Japan))

1991-10-20

377

Two enzymes which catalyze the amidation of peptide C-terminals are synthesized by a single mRNA. Peptide C mattan amid ka hanno wo shokubaisuru futatsu no koso wa ippon no mRNA yori goseisareru  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Recent findings by the authors are reviewed on the amidation that forms amid structure essential to physiological activities in C-terminals of peptide hormones such as oxytocin,VIP,PP. It is noted that the amidation had been considered to be catalyzed by peptidylglycine{alpha} -amidating monooxyganase ( PAM ) and that the authors investigated the PAM function by expression of PAM cDNA isolated from rat pituitary and its deletion mutant into COS-7 cells, reaching to the important findings of a singl PMA mRNA encoding two enzymes, namely one at 5 {prime} side, peptidylglicine {alpha} hydroxylase which catalyses the conversion of C-termianl glycine on peptide to the hydroxylated form ( the first step of amidation ),and another at 3{prime} side, {alpha}- hydroxylglycine amidating dealkylase which catalyzes the conversion of hydroxylated glycine to the amidated form ( the second step of amidation). 19 refs., 4 figs.

Kato, I.; Yonekura, H.; Okamoto, H. (Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan))

1991-10-25

378

Expansion of colloid and surface chemistry to an interdisciplinary field. Control of chemical reaction in molecular organized systems; Koroido kaimen kagaku wa gakusai ryoiki ni hirogaru. Bunshi wo soshikikashite hannosei wo seigyosuru  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper explains singular reactions in surface membranes such as water surface monomolecular film. In a surface monomolecular film and its built-up film on solid surfaces, control of the distance and orientation between functional groups is easy by changing the kind and position of substituents in amphipathic molecule, and a membrane area. Acceleration of reactions, and control of a selectivity and steric structure of products are also possible. Recent study result on photochromic reaction of single-strand merocyanine derivative with Se showed that merocyanine (MC) type derivative is stable in solution, while reaction to spiropyran long-chain derivative is preferentially caused in a water surface monomolecular film. The surface pressure dependence of a reaction rate was also observed, and photochromic reaction was most favorable around a transition point from an expanded film to a condensed film. Control of photochromic reaction in thin films is important from the viewpoint of photo-recording material. 18 refs., 3 figs.

Nakahara, H. [Saitama University, Saitama (Japan). Faculty of Science

1998-07-01

379

Deep Downhole Seismic Testing at the Waste Treatment Plant Site, Hanford, WA. Volume III P-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4997 Seismic Records, Wave-Arrival Identifications and Interpreted P-Wave Velocity Profile.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this volume (III), all P-wave measurements are presented that were performed in Borehole C4997 at the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) with T-Rex as the seismic source and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) 3-D wireline geophone as the at-depth borehole receiver. P-wave measurements were performed over the depth range of 390 to 1220 ft, typically in 10-ft intervals. However, in some interbeds, 5-ft depth intervals were used. Compression (P) waves were generated by moving the base plate of T-Rex for a given number of cycles at a fixed frequency as discussed in Section 2. This process was repeated so that signal averaging in the time domain was performed using 3 to about 15 averages, with 5 averages typically used. In addition to the LBNL 3-D geophone, called the lower receiver herein, a 3-D geophone from Redpath Geophysics was fixed at a depth of 40 ft (later relocated to 27.5 ft due to visibility in borehole after rain) in Borehole C4997, and a 3-D geophone from the University of Texas was embedded near the borehole at about 1.5 ft below the ground surface. This volume is organized into 12 sections as follows: Section 1: Introduction, Section 2: Explanation of Terminology, Section 3: Vp Profile at Borehole C4997, Sections 4 to 6: Unfiltered P-wave records of lower vertical receiver, reaction mass, and reference receiver, Sections 7 to 9: Filtered P-wave signals of lower vertical receiver, reaction mass and reference receiver, Section 10: Expanded and filtered P-wave signals of lower vertical receiver, and Sections 11 and 12: Waterfall plots of unfiltered and filtered lower vertical receiver signals.

Stokoe, Kenneth H.; Li, Song Cheng; Cox, Brady R.; Menq, Farn-Yuh

2007-06-06

380

Deep Downhole Seismic Testing at the Waste Treatment Plant Site, Hanford, WA. Volume VI S-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4997 Seismic Records, Wave-Arrival Identifications and Interpreted S-Wave Velocity Profile.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Velocity measurements in shallow sediments from ground surface to approximately 370 to 400 feet bgs were collected by Redpath Geophysics using impulsive S- and P-wave seismic sources (Redpath 2007). Measurements below this depth within basalt and sedimentary interbeds were made by UTA between October and December 2006 using the T-Rex vibratory seismic source in each of the three boreholes. Results of these measurements including seismic records, wave-arrival identifications and interpreted velocity profiles are presented in the following six volumes: I. P-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4993 II. P-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4996 III. P-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4997 IV. S-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4993 V. S-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4996 VI. S-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4997 In this volume (VI), all S-wave measurements are presented that were performed in Borehole C4997 at the WTP with T-Rex as the seismic source and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) 3-D wireline geophone as the at-depth borehole receiver.

Stokoe, Kenneth H.; Li, Song Cheng; Cox, Brady R.; Menq, Farn-Yuh

2007-06-06

 
 
 
 
381

Deep Downhole Seismic Testing at the Waste Treatment Plant Site, Hanford, WA. Volume IV S-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4993 Seismic Records, Wave-Arrival Identifications and Interpreted S-Wave Velocity Profile.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this volume (IV), all S-wave measurements are presented that were performed in Borehole C4993 at the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) with T-Rex as the seismic source and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) 3-D wireline geophone as the at-depth borehole receiver. S-wave measurements were performed over the depth range of 370 to 1300 ft, typically in 10-ft intervals. However, in some interbeds, 5-ft depth intervals were used, while below about 1200 ft, depth intervals of 20 ft were used. Shear (S) waves were generated by moving the base plate of T-Rex for a given number of cycles at a fixed frequency as discussed in Section 2. This process was repeated so that signal averaging in the time domain was performed using 3 to about 15 averages, with 5 averages typically used. In addition, a second average shear wave record was recorded by reversing the polarity of the motion of the T-Rex base plate. In this sense, all the signals recorded in the field were averaged signals. In all cases, the base plate was moving perpendicular to a radial line between the base plate and the borehole which is in and out of the plane of the figure shown in Figure 1.1. The definition of “in-line”, “cross-line”, “forward”, and “reversed” directions in items 2 and 3 of Section 2 was based on the moving direction of the base plate. In addition to the LBNL 3-D geophone, called the lower receiver herein, a 3-D geophone from Redpath Geophysics was fixed at a depth of 22 ft in Borehole C4993, and a 3-D geophone from the University of Texas (UT) was embedded near the borehole at about 1.5 ft below the ground surface. The Redpath geophone and the UT geophone were properly aligned so that one of the horizontal components in each geophone was aligned with the direction of horizontal shaking of the T-Rex base plate. This volume is organized into 12 sections as follows. Section 1: Introduction, Section 2: Explanation of Terminology, Section 3: Vs Profile at Borehole C4993, Sections 4 to 6: Unfiltered S-wave records of lower horizontal receiver, reaction mass, and reference receiver, respectively, Sections 7 to 9: Filtered S-wave signals of lower horizontal receiver, reaction mass and reference receiver, respectively, Section 10: Expanded and filtered S-wave signals of lower horizontal receiver, and Sections 11 and 12: Waterfall plots of unfiltered and filtered lower horizontal receiver signals, respectively.

Stokoe, Kenneth H.; Li, Song Cheng; Cox, Brady R.; Menq, Farn-Yuh

2007-06-06

382

Deep Downhole Seismic Testing at the Waste Treatment Plant Site, Hanford, WA. Volume V S-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4996 Seismic Records, Wave-Arrival Identifications and Interpreted S-Wave Velocity Profile.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Velocity measurements in shallow sediments from ground surface to approximately 370 to 400 feet bgs were collected by Redpath Geophysics using impulsive S- and P-wave seismic sources (Redpath 2007). Measurements below this depth within basalt and sedimentary interbeds were made by UTA between October and December 2006 using the T-Rex vibratory seismic source in each of the three boreholes. Results of these measurements including seismic records, wave-arrival identifications and interpreted velocity profiles are presented in the following six volumes: I. P-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4993 II. P-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4996 III. P-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4997 IV. S-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4993 V. S-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4996 VI. S-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4997 In this volume (V), all S-wave measurements are presented that were performed in Borehole C4996 at the WTP with T-Rex as the seismic source and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) 3-D wireline geophone as the at-depth borehole receiver.

Stokoe, Kenneth H.; Li, Song Cheng; Cox, Brady R.; Menq, Farn-Yuh

2007-06-06

383

Deep Downhole Seismic Testing at the Waste Treatment Plant Site, Hanford, WA. Volume II P-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4996 Seismic Records, Wave-Arrival Identifications and Interpreted P-Wave Velocity Profile.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this volume (II), all P-wave measurements are presented that were performed in Borehole C4996 at the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) with T-Rex as the seismic source and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) 3-D wireline geophone as the at-depth borehole receiver. P-wave measurements were performed over the depth range of 360 to 1400 ft, typically in 10-ft intervals. However, in some interbeds, 5-ft depth intervals were used, while below about 1180 ft, depth intervals of 20 ft were used. Compression (P) waves were generated by moving the base plate of T-Rex for a given number of cycles at a fixed frequency as discussed in Section 2. This process was repeated so that signal averaging in the time domain was performed using 3 to about 15 averages, with 5 averages typically used. In addition to the LBNL 3-D geophone, called the lower receiver herein, a 3-D geophone from Redpath Geophysics was fixed at a depth of 22 ft in Borehole C4996, and a 3-D geophone from the University of Texas was embedded near the borehole at about 1.5 ft below the ground surface. This volume is organized into 12 sections as follows: Section 1: Introduction, Section 2: Explanation of Terminology, Section 3: Vp Profile at Borehole C4996, Sections 4 to 6: Unfiltered P-wave records of lower vertical receiver, reaction mass, and reference receiver, Sections 7 to 9: Filtered P-wave signals of lower vertical receiver, reaction mass and reference receiver, Section 10: Expanded and filtered P-wave signals of lower vertical receiver, and Sections 11 and 12: Waterfall plots of unfiltered and filtered lower vertical receiver signals.

Stokoe, Kenneth H.; Li, Song Cheng; Cox, Brady R.; Menq, Farn-Yuh

2007-07-06

384

Deep Downhole Seismic Testing at the Waste Treatment Plant Site, Hanford, WA. Volume I P-Wave Measurements in Borehole C4993 Seismic Records, Wave-Arrival Identifications and Interpreted P-Wave Velocity Profile.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this volume (I), all P-wave measurements are presented that were performed in Borehole C4993 at the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) with T-Rex as the seismic source and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) 3-D wireline geophone as the at-depth borehole receiver. P-wave measurements were performed over the depth range of 370 to 1400 ft, typically in 10-ft intervals. However, in some interbeds, 5-ft depth intervals were used, while below about 1200 ft, depth intervals of 20 ft were used. Compression (P) waves were generated by moving the base plate of T-Rex for a given number of cycles at a fixed frequency as discussed in Section 2. This process was repeated so that signal averaging in the time domain was performed using 3 to about 15 averages, with 5 averages typically used. In addition to the LBNL 3-D geophone, called the lower receiver herein, a 3-D geophone from Redpath Geophysics was fixed at a depth of 22 ft in Borehole C4993, and a 3-D geophone from the University of Texas was embedded near the borehole at about 1.5 ft below the ground surface. This volume is organized into 12 sections as follows: Section 1: Introduction, Section 2: Explanation of Terminology, Section 3: Vp Profile at Borehole C4993, Sections 4 to 6: Unfiltered P-wave records of lower vertical receiver, reaction mass, and reference receiver, Sections 7 to 9: Filtered P-wave signals of lower vertical receiver, reaction mass and reference receiver, Section 10: Expanded and filtered P-wave signals of lower vertical receiver, and Sections 11 and 12: Waterfall plots of unfiltered and filtered lower vertical receiver signals.

Stokoe, Kenneth H.; Li, Song Cheng; Cox, Brady R.; Menq, Farn-Yuh

2007-07-06

385

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 10): Naval Air Station Whidbey Island - Ault Field, (Operable unit 1, area 6), Oak Harbor, WA. (First remedial action), April 1992. Interim report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The 260-acre waste site, a multiple use waste disposal area, is located on Naval Air Station (NAS) Whidbey Island-Ault Field, which is an active airbase northeast of the City of Oak Harbor, Island County, Washington. The northwest sector of the airbase, known as Area 6, maintains and provides support to naval aircraft and aviation facilities. From 1969 to 1988, hazardous wastes were dumped and stored at various pits, trenches, and landfills located in Area 6. The ROD addresses interim remediation of the ground water to prevent the spread of the contaminated plume in the aquifer to drinking water wells while other locations on the airbase are evaluated. The primary contaminants of concern affecting the ground water are VOCs, including TCE; and metals, including chromium and lead.

1992-04-21

386

Mouzakkirah bisha'n ri'ayah al'mab'outhin lil-dirassah wa'l tadrib bil-Kharig (Memorandum on State Responsibilities in Respect to Students Abroad).  

Science.gov (United States)

This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) of a memorandum issued by the Ministry of Higher Education in cooperation with the Higher Committee for Study Abroad discussing Egyptian students abroad. The memo is conscious of problems faced by the student overseas: length of time spent in travel formalities; lack of…

Ministry of Higher Education, Cairo (United Arab Republic).

387

JUDGE project: a continental scientific drilling into plate subduction zone. 2. Societal relevance of the JUDGE project; Plate shizumikomitai eno kussaku keikaku JUDGE. 2. JUDGE keikaku wa naze hitsuyoka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Need of JUDGE (Japanese Ultra-deep Drilling and Geoscientific Experiments) Project is discussed. This project plans to drill a 10km-deep pit through the subduction zone in the southern part of the Kanto region to learn about the depth in the ground. Information to be obtained from this project will involve global climate change, sea level fluctuation, development of sedimentary basins, origin and migration of hydrocarbons, and the presence/absence of microbes. The force and mechanism causing plate subduction which is a basic problem in science and the plate subduction rate will be made clear. What are important from the viewpoint of protecting people`s lives and safety will be elucidated, such as the prediction of very severe earthquakes to hit urban areas. As for the exploration of natural resources, information about deep-seated natural gas, underground water reservoirs, water flows in deep-level ore deposits and metalliferous deposits will collected, and the feasibility of isolation underground of harmful wastes will be determined. It is likely that the project will spin out some effects on new industrial fields such as high-temperature electronics. While a drilling effort in the sea attaches importance to academic achievement, one into the dry land, like the JUDGE Project, respects the returning of the fruit to the society. 11 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Urabe, T.; Kiguchi, T.; Miyazaki, T.; Kuramoto, S. [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan); Morita, N. [Waseda University, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Science and Engineering

1997-04-28

388

Does the use of natural gas continue to pxpand. ; How to make supply sure and what to be chosen by Japan. Tennen gas riyo wa kakudai wo tsuzukeru ka. ; Kyokyu kakuho to nihon no sentaku  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

First, situation is explained of balances between consumption and supply of natural gas in the areas of North America, Europe and Far East. In Europe and Far East, dependence on import of LNG from other areas will continue to increase further for the coming year 2010. Even in North America, they might depend on import for their supply. In Far East, the demand for LNG in 2010 is predicted to expand to 76.65 - 100 million tons. For the present, 13 new projects in 8 countries are being planned for LNG supply to Far East. If these projects are realized, the gap between demand and supply will be filled completely. However, it is anxious that sale prices of major export countries will continue to rise and that the price would be pushed up by the rise of building costs of LNG plants and ships. Calculations are tried using cash flows to prove the profitability of the investment for projects to hold supplying power enough to keep up with the increase of LNG demand of Japan. In order to let the use of LNG continue to expand for further long term, it would be inevitable for Japan to depend on Middle East and the former Soviet Unions where LNG deposits are rich. 8 figs., 5 tabs.

Morita, K.; Ogawa, S. (The Inst. of Energy Economics, Tokyo (Japan))

1993-08-01

389

Wildlife Mitigation and Restoration for Grand Coulee Dam: Blue Creek Project, Phase 1.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report is a recommendation from the Spokane Tribe to the Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC) for partial mitigation for the extensive wildlife and wildlife habitat losses on the Spokane Indian Reservation caused by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam. NPPC`s interim wildlife goal over the next 7 years for the Columbia hydropower system, is to protect, mitigate and enhance approximately 35% basin wide of the lost habitat units. Grand Coulee Dam had the greatest habitat losses of any Dams of the Wildlife Rule.

Merker, Christopher

1993-04-01

390

TEAM TEACHING HAS MANY FORMS.  

Science.gov (United States)

COMMENTS ARE MADE ON VARIOUS FORMS OF TEAM TEACHING. AT FERRIS HIGH SCHOOL, SPOKANE, A TEAM OF FOUR INSTRUCTORS TAUGHT ENGLISH TO 526 SOPHOMORES, IN LECTURE GROUPS OF ABOUT 250 EACH. THE DAY WAS DIVIDED INTO 26 15-MINUTE MODULES. CLASS LECTURES, SEMINARS, STUDY PERIODS, LABORATORIES WERE ALL COMPOSED OF VARIOUS COMBINATIONS OF THESE MODULES.…

DIESMAN, FLORENCE M.

391

Blue Creek Winter Range : Wildlife Mitigation Project : Final Environmental Assessment.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) proposes to fund that portion of the Washington Wildlife Agreement pertaining to the Blue Creek Winter Range Wildlife Mitigation Project (Project) in a cooperative effort with the Spokane Tribe, Upper Columbia United Tribes, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). If fully implemented, the proposed action would allow the sponsors to protect and enhance 2,631 habitat units of big game winter range and riparian shrub habitat on 2,185 hectares (5,400 acres) of Spokane Tribal trust lands, and to conduct long term wildlife management activities within the Spokane Indian Reservation project area. This Final Environmental Assessment (EA) examines the potential environmental effects of securing land and conducting wildlife habitat enhancement and long term management activities within the boundaries of the Spokane Indian Reservation. Four proposed activities (habitat protection, habitat enhancement, operation and maintenance, and monitoring and evaluation) are analyzed. The proposed action is intended to meet the need for mitigation of wildlife and wildlife habitat adversely affected by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam and its reservoir.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration; United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs; Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation, Washington

1994-11-01

392

Pharmacology, efficacy and safety of liraglutide in the management of type 2 diabetes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Joshua J Neumiller1, Travis E Sonnett2, Lindy D Wood1, Stephen M Setter1, R Keith Campbell21Department of Pharmacotherapy, College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, Spokane, Washington; 2Department of Pharmacotherapy, College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, US...

Joshua J Neumiller; Travis E Sonnett; Lindy D Wood; et al

393

Historic Neighborhood Schools Deliver 21st Century Educations.  

Science.gov (United States)

Noting the benefits of small neighborhood schools, this article asserts that recent renovations of historic schools in Spokane, Washington; San Antonio, Texas; and Boise, Idaho, illustrate these points and challenge the notion that well-renovated historic schools cannot meet modern standards. The article recounts the stories of these schools and…

Beaumont, Constance E.

394

Increasing access to dental care for medicaid preschool children: the Access to Baby and Child Dentistry (ABCD) program.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: Washington State's Access to Baby and Child Dent stry (ABCD) Program, first implemented in Spokane County in 1995, offers extended dental benefits to participating Medicaid-enrolled children and higher fees for certified providers. This study aimed to determine the program's effect on chi...

Grembowski, D; Milgrom, P M

395

76 FR 34101 - In the Matter of Certain Integrated Circuits, Chipsets, and Products Containing Same Including...  

Science.gov (United States)

...LLC, Best Buy.Com, LLC, Best Buy Stores, L.P., all of Richfield, Minnesota (collectively ``Best Buy''); B&H Foto & Electronics Corp. of New York, New York; Huppin's Hi-Fi Photo & Video, Inc. of Spokane, Washington; Buy.com...

2011-06-10

396

Blue Creek Winter Range: Wildlife Mitigation Project. Final environmental assessment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) proposes to fund that portion of the Washington Wildlife Agreement pertaining to the Blue Creek Winter Range Wildlife Mitigation Project (Project) in a cooperative effort with the Spokane Tribe, Upper Columbia United Tribes, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). If fully implemented, the proposed action would allow the sponsors to protect and enhance 2,631 habitat units of big game winter range and riparian shrub habitat on 2,185 hectares (5,400 acres) of Spokane Tribal trust lands, and to conduct long term wildlife management activities within the Spokane Indian Reservation project area. This Final Environmental Assessment (EA) examines the potential environmental effects of securing land and conducting wildlife habitat enhancement and long term management activities within the boundaries of the Spokane Indian Reservation. Four proposed activities (habitat protection, habitat enhancement, operation and maintenance, and monitoring and evaluation) are analyzed. The proposed action is intended to meet the need for mitigation of wildlife and wildlife habitat adversely affected by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam and its reservoir

1994-01-01

397

Residential Conservation : Executive Summaries of the 1981-82 Bonneville Power Financial Assistance Grants to Local Governments.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This booklet contains executive summaries of selected community energy planning projects which were carried out by local governments in the Pacific Northwest with financial assistance from the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). The projects described include: the cities of Bothell, Issaquah, Kirtland, and Redmond; Deschutes County; and Spokane County.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1983-12-01

398

Heart to Heart Art: Empowering Homeless Children and Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes Heart to Heart Art, an after-school program developed for homeless children and youth at the YWCA in Spokane, Washington. Pre-service teacher candidates from a local university create meaningful activities that engage homeless students in visual art, music, drama, cooking, and community service. Heart to Heart Art was…

Shepard, Jerri; Booth, Deborah

2009-01-01

399

76 FR 45293 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest  

Science.gov (United States)

...importation of certain computer forensic devices and products containing the same. The complaint names as respondents Data Protection Solutions by Arco of FL; CRU Acquisitions Group LLC of WA; CRU-Data Port LLC of WA; Digital Intelligence,...

2011-07-28

400

75 FR 14462 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Central Washington University, Department of Anthropology...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Washington University, Department of Anthropology, Ellensburg, WA, and Thomas Burke...Washington University, Department of Anthropology, Ellensburg, WA, and the Thomas...NAGPRA Program Director, Department of Anthropology, Central Washington University,...

2010-03-25

 
 
 
 
401

78 FR 64592 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on the Stehekin Valley Road Improvement Project From the...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Environmental Program Manager, FHWA, 610 East 5th Street, Vancouver, WA, Telephone: (360) 619-7967. For the NPS: Roy M. Zipp, Environmental Protection Specialist, North Cascades National Park, 810 State Route 20, Sedro- Wolley, WA 98284,...

2013-10-29

402

78 FR 23245 - FY2013 Supplemental Funding for Brownfields Revolving Loan Fund (RLF) Grantees  

Science.gov (United States)

...Phone (213) 244-1821 Fax (415) 972-3364. EPA Region 10, Susan Morales, AK, ID, OR, WA......... 1200 Sixth Avenue, Suite 900, Mailstop: ECL-112 Morales.Susan@epa.gov. Seattle, WA 98101, Phone (206)...

2013-04-18

403

77 FR 57863 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Montana; State Implementation Plan...  

Science.gov (United States)

... The initials YELP mean or refer to Yellowstone Energy Limited Partnership...WA, UL Bend WA, Washakie WA, and Yellowstone NP). 77 FR 24042 and 77 FR 24046...stated that there is currently haze at Yellowstone that was not visible years ago....

2012-09-18

404

Excavations at Marble Bluff Dam and Pyramid Lake Fishway, Nevada. Parts I, II, III, IV, V, and VI.  

Science.gov (United States)

Three Great Basin Archaic open sites (26Wa1014I, 26Wa1016, and 26Wa1020) located near the Truckee River Delta in the Pyramid Lake Basin were excavated to explore structural remains, burial patterns, and ecological adaptations and to place them culturally ...

D. R. Tuohy D. T. Clark

1978-01-01

405

Development of mucosal and systemic lymphoproliferative responses and protective immunity to human group A rotaviruses in a gnotobiotic pig model.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Gnotobiotic pigs were orally inoculated with virulent Wa strain (G1P1A[8]) human rotavirus (group 1), attenuated Wa rotavirus (group 2) or diluent (controls) and were challenged with virulent Wa rotavirus 21 days later. On various postinoculation or postchallenge days, virus-specific responses of sy...

Ward, L A; Yuan, L; Rosen, B I; Tô, T L; Saif, L J

406

Palliative care for adolescents and young adults with cancer  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abby R Rosenberg,1–3 Joanne Wolfe4–61Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Seattle Children’s Hospital, Seattle, WA; 2Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; 3Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; 4Department...

Rosenberg AR; Wolfe J

407

Effect of emphysema on CT scan measures of airway dimensions in smokers.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: In CT scans of smokers with COPD, the subsegmental airway wall area percent (WA%) is greater and more strongly correlated with FEV1 % predicted than WA% obtained in the segmental airways. Because emphysema is linked to loss of airway tethering and may limit airway expansion, increases in WA% may be related to emphysema and not solely to remodeling. We aimed to first determine whether the stronger association of subsegmental vs segmental WA% with FEV1 % predicted is mitigated by emphysema and, second, to assess the relationships among emphysema, WA%, and total bronchial area (TBA). METHODS: We analyzed CT scan segmental and subsegmental WA% (WA% = 100 × wall area/TBA) of six bronchial paths and corresponding lobar emphysema, lung function, and clinical data in 983 smokers with COPD. RESULTS: Compared with segmental WA%, the subsegmental WA% had a greater effect on FEV1% predicted (-0.8% to -1.7% vs -1.9% to -2.6% per 1-unit increase in WA%, respectively; P < .05 for most bronchial paths). After adjusting for emphysema, the association between subsegmental WA% and FEV1 % predicted was weakened in two bronchial paths. Increases in WA% between bronchial segments correlated directly with emphysema in all bronchial paths (P < .05). In multivariate regression models, emphysema was directly related to subsegmental WA% in most bronchial paths and inversely related to subsegmental TBA in all bronchial paths. CONCLUSION: The greater effect of subsegmental WA% on airflow obstruction is mitigated by emphysema. Part of the emphysema effect might be due to loss of airway tethering, leading to a reduction in TBA and an increase in WA%.

Diaz AA; Han MK; Come CE; San José Estépar R; Ross JC; Kim V; Dransfield MT; Curran-Everett D; Schroeder JD; Lynch DA; Tschirren J; Silverman EK; Washko GR

2013-03-01

408

A Wavelet Neural Network Hybrid Model for Monthly Ammonia Forecasting in River Water  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Forecasting water quality is always an effective approach for water environmental management. This study presents a combined Wavelet transform (WA) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model for monthly ammonia nitrogen series prediction in river water. The WA decomposed original time series into different subseries, in which the most significant one was chosen as the training data instead of the original series. Compared to the traditional ANN, the WA-ANN models were found more accurate and reliable. The results of the study indicate that WA could remove the noise of the original datasets and the WA-ANN could help environment decision-maker manage water quality more effective.

Yi Wang; Yuanyuan Wang; Liang Guo; Ying Zhao; Zhichao Zhang; Peng Wang

2013-01-01

409

Cross-View of Testing Techniques Toward Improving Web-Based Application Testing  

CERN Document Server

Web Applications (WA's) failures may lead to collapse of the institutions, therefore the importance of good quality WA's is increasing over the time. Testing is one of the best quality metrics that decide whether WA's are reliable or not. WA's testing approaches suffer from the lack of proper coverage of WA's functional requirements testing. On the other hand some approaches produce test cases that already cover WA's testing but they also produce a great number of irrelevant test cases. This research analyzed the main testing approaches for WA's and GUI applications. Also we have an overview of Test-Driven Development and its effects on the current development. The specification of good testing approach that satisfies the proper testing is then presented.

Kandil, Mostafa; Mazen, Sherif

2012-01-01

410

Blue Creek Winter Range: Wildlife Mitigation Project  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This preliminary Environmental Assessment examines the potential environmental effects of securing land and conducting wildlife habitat enhancement and long term management activities within the boundaries of the Spokane Indian Reservation. Four proposed activities are analyzed: Habitat protection; Habitat enhancement; Operation and maintenance; and Monitoring and evaluation. The proposed action is intended to meet the need for mitigation of wildlife and wildlife habitat adversely affected by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam and its reservoir.

1994-01-01

411

Lake Roosevelt Fisheries Evaluation Program; Movements and Growth of Marked Walleye Recaptured in Lake Roosevelt, 2000-2001 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Walleye (Stizostedion vitreum) have been marked with floy tags in Lake Roosevelt since 1997 to estimate abundance, distribution and movement trends. In 2000, walleye were collected and marked during the spawning run in the Spokane River through electrofishing and angling to supplement movement and growth data collected in previous years. Walleye were also collected and marked during the 2000 and 2001 Kettle Falls Governor's Cup Walleye Tournaments. Seventy-six tag returns were recovered in 2000 and twenty-three in 2001. Walleye migrated into the Spokane River to spawn in mid April and early May. The majority of marked walleye were recovered within 25 km of their original marking location, with a few traveling long distances between recovery locations. Data also verified earlier results that walleye establish summer home ranges. Some walleye remained in the Spokane River, while others moved downstream, or upstream after entering the mainstem of Lake Roosevelt. Those moving upstream moved as far north as Keenlyside Dam in British Columbia (245 km). Growth data indicated similar trends exhibited in the past. Walleye growth and mortality rates were consistent with other walleye producing waters. Walleye condition was slightly below average when compared to other systems.

McLellan, Holly; Scholz, Allan

2002-03-01

412

Measurement of oxygen partial pressure using luminescence of palladium porphyrin to detect how intracellular oxygen distribution varies in photo-dynamic therapy of cancer; Gan no kosen rikigaku chiryochu, saibo naino sanso bunbu wa do henkasuruka-parashiumu porifuirin no kako wo shiikatte sanso bunbu wo sokutei  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Photo-dynamic therapy (PDT) is an epoch-making technique of cancer treatment, and it is characterized in incorporating a photo sensitizer into cancer cells so as to necrose cancer cells by laser irradiation. In PDT, active oxygen such as singlet oxygen occurs during the treatment due to the utility of photosensitize reaction. In this paper, researches in respect to determination of oxygen partial pressure variation around liver cancer of a mouse in PDT by means of an optical oxygen partial pressure measurement using palladium tetracarboxyphenylporphyrin (PdTCPP) as a probe of oxygen measurement are introduced. In a method of administering 5- aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) to a mouse suffering from liver cancer so as to derive and accumulate protoporphyrin (Pro IX) in vivo, and then necrosing cancer cells due to photosensitisation of Pro IX caused by laser irradiation, the variation of the oxygen distribution around a diseased part was successfully grasped by an optical means. (NEDO)

Amao, Y. [National Aerospace Laboratory, Tokyo (Japan)

1999-12-01

413

Decomposition and inorganization of organic substances and elution of nutrient salts in the sedimentary surface in the coastal areas. Functions of sediments with progressive eutrophication; Engan`iki no taisekibutsu hyoso ni okeru yukibutsu no bunkai mukika to eiyoen no yoshutsu. Fueiyoka no shinko ni taishite taisekibutsu wa donoyonishite kinoshiteiruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes the decomposition and inorganization processes of organic substances and the flux of nitrogen between water and sediments in the sedimentary surface in the coastal areas based on the actual measurements in the Tokyo Bay with progressive eutrophication. In the Tokyo Bay, environment unsuitable for organisms is made through the oxygen shortage of submarine water in the organic deposition areas in summer. Process of the nitrogen circulation was surveyed in the sedimentary surface at two sea areas. The obtained results are as follows. In the shallow sea area, organic substances are decomposed and inorganized by the metabolism of benthos communities, and nitrogen is removed as nitrogen gas by the high denitrification activity. This structure of nitrogen circulation process supports the natural purification function, which depends on the conjugation of benthos communities and bacteria communities. In the sea area of organic pollutant substance deposition, ammonia nitrogen is eluted, to suppress the denitrification activity. In such an area, eutrophication of the coastal biosystem is progressed. In this sea area, however, decomposition and inorganization of organic substances are progressed by the benthos communities. Such an area can be a field of potential environmental purification. 8 refs., 9 figs.

Sayama, M. [National Institute for Resources and Environment, Tsukuba (Japan)

1998-07-01

414

Amelioration of systemic lupus erythematosus by Withangulatin A in MRL/lpr mice.  

Science.gov (United States)

We have previously reported the anti-inflammatory potential and the possible underlying mechanisms of Withangulatin A (WA), which is an active component isolated from Physalis angulata L. Here, we demonstrated that WA might improve the life quality, as well as reduced the accumulation of proteinuria symptoms and levels of anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies in MRL/lpr mice. Moreover, WA could improve renal histopathologic characteristics of MRL/lpr mice. Intriguingly, expression of B cell-activating factor (BAFF), BAFF-R and related gene in the spleen were significantly reduced in 10 mg/kg WA-treated mice compared with that in 5 mg/kg WA-treated mice and untreated mice. These findings indicate that WA might have a pleiotropic therapeutic effect through their immunosuppression via inhibiting BAFF signaling, which suggest a potential application of this active constituent in the treatment of SLE. PMID:21520246

Sun, Lijuan; Zhou, Lin; Chen, Mingcang; Zhong, Renqian; Liu, Jianwen

2011-09-01

415

Amelioration of systemic lupus erythematosus by Withangulatin A in MRL/lpr mice.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We have previously reported the anti-inflammatory potential and the possible underlying mechanisms of Withangulatin A (WA), which is an active component isolated from Physalis angulata L. Here, we demonstrated that WA might improve the life quality, as well as reduced the accumulation of proteinuria symptoms and levels of anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies in MRL/lpr mice. Moreover, WA could improve renal histopathologic characteristics of MRL/lpr mice. Intriguingly, expression of B cell-activating factor (BAFF), BAFF-R and related gene in the spleen were significantly reduced in 10 mg/kg WA-treated mice compared with that in 5 mg/kg WA-treated mice and untreated mice. These findings indicate that WA might have a pleiotropic therapeutic effect through their immunosuppression via inhibiting BAFF signaling, which suggest a potential application of this active constituent in the treatment of SLE.

Sun L; Zhou L; Chen M; Zhong R; Liu J

2011-09-01

416

A scaling power-law relation in magnetic minor hysteresis loops in Fe and Ni metals  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A simple scaling relationship has been found in the limited amplitude range of quasistatic minor hysteresis loops: Wa* = Wa0(Ma*/Ms)n, where Wa* is the area enclosed by the minor hysteresis curve and minor-loop magnetization Ma* in the first quadrant. Wa* is related to the energy dissipated during the restoration process of domain walls toward the zero applied field state. Ms is the saturation magnetization and n has a constant value of about 1.0, being independent of ferromagnets, temperature, and lattice defects such as dislocations. The minor-loop effluence coefficient Wa0 has information on microstructure and shows a simple linear relation to the applied stress. The dependence of Wa0 on applied stress and temperature can be explained by use of magneto-striction constants, the magneto-crystalline anisotropy, and electrical conductivity.

2008-01-23

417

Four Heavy-ion Experiments at the CERN-SPS: A Trip Down Memory Lane  

CERN Document Server

After a brief review of the first steps towards high-energy nuclear beams at CERN, the heavy-ion experiments at the OMEGA Spectrometer, WA85, WA94, WA97, are introduced together with their North-Area successor, NA57. In particular, the experimental solutions adopted to cope with very high-multiplicity events are described, as well as the main results obtained in the pursuit of the Quark-Gluon Plasma. The inspiring role played by Johann Rafelski is underlined.

Quercigh, Emanuele

2012-01-01

418

Western Australia poised for upstream growth  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Western Australia's (WA's) rapidly expanding oil and gas industry is the state's fastest-growing economic sector. The most recent statistics available show that WA's oil and gas output totaled $3.7 billion. Petroleum output represents WA's second-largest export-earner. The state is Australia's top oil-producing region and should account for more than half the nation's liquids output by 2000. New records for oil, gas and condensate production were set in 1996. Approximately 75% of the country's natural gas reserves are in WA. This article examines operator's activities, plus some ancillary firms and endeavors

1997-01-01

419

Stem Cell Concentration System  

Science.gov (United States)

... Stem Cell Concentration System. Product: Stem Cell Concentration System Applicant: CellPro, Inc. Bothell, WA PMA number ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts/approvedproducts

420

Energy and Technology Review, January-February 1995.  

Science.gov (United States)

Contents: State of the Laboratory; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and International Security; Defense and Nuclear Technologies; Experimental Science; Lasers; Environmental Research and Technology Development; Environmental Restoration, Protection, and Wa...

W. A. Bookless S. Stull C. Cassady G. Kaiper G. Ledbetter L. McElroy A. Parker

1994-01-01

 
 
 
 
421

Race/ethnicity as a predictor of change in working alliance during cognitive behavioral therapy for intimate partner violence perpetrators.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Despite evidence that the working alliance (WA) is an important factor in psychotherapy outcome and that race/ethnicity plays an important role in the processes of therapy, few studies have directly examined associations between WA and race/ethnicity. These relationships may be particularly salient for difficult-to-engage populations, such as men participating in treatment for intimate partner violence. The current study examined WA ratings in a sample of 107 male intimate partner violence perpetrators attending a 16-week cognitive-behavioral group program. Approximately 50% of these participants were Caucasian and 50% were members of a racial/ethnic minority group (African American, Asian American, Hispanic, and American Indian). Growth curve modeling was used to assess changes in both therapist and client WA ratings across four time points during therapy. Findings indicated that there was no mean level of change in therapist WA ratings over time. However, clients' WA ratings demonstrated a reliable, steady increase across sessions. A significant interaction between WA and race/ethnicity emerged such that Caucasian participants reported a significant increase in WA over time, whereas members of racial/ethnic minority group did not report a consistent pattern of change. The interaction between client race/ethnicity and WA was also a significant predictor of treatment outcome at 6-month follow-up.

Walling SM; Suvak MK; Howard JM; Taft CT; Murphy CM

2012-06-01

422

Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2001 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC). The NPPC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPPC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial fish assemblages and native fish in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area and the Columbia Basin Blocked Area Management Plan (1998). The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. In 1999, 2000, and 2001 the project began addressing some of the identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of seven streams and four lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2000. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in southern Pend Oreille County, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2001. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispell Department of Natural Resources, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA); O' Connor, Dick (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)

2003-01-01