WorldWideScience

Sample records for j-3 spokane wa

  1. 75 FR 58429 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA

    2010-09-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA... & Culture, aka Eastern Washington State Historical Society, Spokane, WA. The human remains and associated... the human remains was made by the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture professional staff...

  2. Uranium favorability of tertiary sedimentary rocks of the lower Spokane River Valley and of northern Spokane County, Washington

    Tertiary sedimentary rocks in the lower Spokane River valley and in northern Spokane County, northeastern Washington, were investigated to determine the favorability for potential uranium resources. This project involved measurement and sampling of surface sections, collection of samples from isolated outcrops, chemical and mineralogical analyses of samples, and examination of available water well lithologic logs. An area of very high favorability is in the Spokane Indian Reservation along the lower Spokane River valley--an area which not only contains visible uranium minerals, but from which there has also been uranium production. Areas of medium favorability are the Harker Canyon area in the lower Spokane River valley and a portion of northern Spokane County. The Harker Canyon area is underlain by rocks which are stratigraphically and structurally similar to, and probably an extension of, the very highly favorable rocks in the Spokane Indian Reservation. The Latah Formation in northern Spokane County is judged to have medium favorability based on the occurrence of thick sandstones derived partially from a quartz monzonite provenance and which reportedly contain organic material and volcanic derivatives

  3. WA18

    1977-01-01

    Front view. The target plates are cut from marble (3x3 m slabs surrounded by magnetized iron) and allow the use of the calorimeter as a muon polarimeter. WA18 was CHARM, the experiment of the CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome(INFN)-Moskow(ITEP) Collaboration

  4. Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2005 Annual Report.

    Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2006-03-01

    Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting harvestable fisheries for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). The Spokane Tribe, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Colville Confederated Tribes and Lake Roosevelt Development Association/Lake Roosevelt Volunteer Net Pen Project are cooperating in a comprehensive artificial production program to produce kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) for annual releases into the project area. The program consists of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. The Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake Fisheries Evaluation Program monitor and evaluates release strategies and production methods for the aforementioned projects. Between 1985 and 2005 the projects have collectively produced up to 800,000 rainbow trout and 4 million kokanee salmon for release into Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry for Banks Lake annually. In 2005, the annual release goal included 3.3 million kokanee fry, 475,000 kokanee yearlings and 500,000 rainbow trout yearlings. Fish produced by this project in 2005 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 3,446,438 kokanee fingerlings, 347,730 rainbow trout fingerlings and 525,721 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Meadow Creek and Lake Whatcom kokanee, diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2004 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to rainbow trout catch and harvest rates while the impact on the kokanee fishery was minimal. Success of the Lake Roosevelt kokanee artificial production program appears to be limited primarily owing to predation, precocity and high entrainment rates through Grand Coulee Dam. Recommendations for future hatchery/net pen operations include use of stocks compatible or native to the upper Columbia River, continue kokanee fry and post-smolt releases, 100% triploid hatchery stock rainbow trout used and adipose fin clip hatchery stock rainbow trout prior to release. The Spokane Tribal Hatchery is funded by the Bonneville Power Administration under directives by the Northwest Power Conservation Council Columbia River Basin Fish & Wildlife Program, Resident Fish Substitution Measures, 1987 to current (Subbasin Plan), as partial mitigation for anadromous and resident fish losses in the blocked areas above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams.

  5. Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2002 Annual Report.

    Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Willpinit, WA)

    2003-03-01

    The Spokane Tribal Hatchery (Galbraith Springs) project originated from the Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC) 1987 Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. The goal of this project is to aid in the restoration and enhancement of the Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake fisheries adversely affected by the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam. The objective is to produce kokanee salmon and rainbow trout for release into Lake Roosevelt for maintaining a viable fishery. The goal and objective of this project adheres to the NPPC Resident Fish Substitution Policy and specifically to the biological objectives addressed in the NPPC Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program to mitigate for hydropower related fish losses in the blocked area above Chief Joseph/Grand Coulee Dams.

  6. InSAR Evidence for the Spokane Fault, an Active Shallow Thrust Fault Beneath the City of Spokane Washington, USA

    Wicks, C.; Weaver, C. S.; Bodin, P.; Sherrod, B. L.

    2012-12-01

    In 2001 a nearly five month long sequence of shallow, mostly small magnitude earthquakes occurred beneath Spokane, a city with a population of about 200,000, in the state of Washington. The Spokane area, an area of low background seismicity, is on the northeastern edge of the Columbia Basin, a physiographic province largely covered with Miocene flood basalts of the Columbia River Basalt Group. The earthquake sequence appears to have begun with an isolated magnitude 2 earthquake on May 24, 2001, but began in earnest with a magnitude 3.9 earthquake on June 25, 2001 and ended on November 23, 2001, with a total of 105 earthquakes recorded up to a magnitude 4. During most of the sequence, the earthquakes were not well located because seismic instrumentation was sparse. Despite poor-quality locations, the earthquake hypocenters were likely very shallow, because residents in small areas of Spokane reported feeling many of the earthquakes in the sequence and hearing explosion-like noises associated with some of the earthquakes. Using interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from the European Space Agency ERS2 and ENVISAT satellites and the Canadian Space Agency RADARSAT-1 satellite we are able to show that slip on a shallow previously unknown thrust fault, that we name the Spokane Fault, is the source of the earthquake sequence. The fault strikes northeast, dips ~30 degrees to the northwest, and the maximum slip was ~45 mm. The part of the Spokane Fault that slipped during the 2001 earthquake sequence underlies the north part of the city, and slip on the fault was concentrated between ~0.3 and 2 km depth. Projecting the buried fault plane to the surface gives a possible surface trace for the Spokane Fault; it strikes northeast from the city center into north Spokane. An accurate assessment of the hazard potential of the Spokane Fault requires additional studies to delineate the fault and map the subsurface geology.

  7. Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2004 Annual Report.

    Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2005-03-01

    Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting a harvestable fishery for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). A collaborative multi-agency artificial production program for the Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake fisheries exists consisting of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and the Lake Roosevelt Kokanee and Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. These projects operate complementary of one another to target an annual release of 1 million yearling kokanee and 500,000 yearling rainbow trout for Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry/fingerlings for Banks Lake. Fish produced by this project in 2004 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 1,655,722 kokanee fingerlings, 537,783 rainbow trout fingerlings and 507,660 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Lake Whatcom kokanee, 50:50 diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2004 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to harvestable rainbow trout and kokanee salmon fisheries. An increase in kokanee harvest was primarily owing to new release strategies. Walleye predation, early maturity and entrainment through Grand Coulee Dam continues to have a negative impact on adult kokanee returns and limits the success of hatchery/net pen stocking on the number of harvestable fish. Recommendations for future hatchery/net pen operations include use of stocks compatible or native to the upper Columbia River, continue hatchery-rearing practices to reduce precocity rates of kokanee and continue new kokanee stocking strategies associated with increased kokanee harvest rates.

  8. Subsurface imaging across the 2001 Spokane, Washington earthquake swarm

    Finn, S.; Stephenson, W. J.; Wicks, C. W.; Pratt, T. L.; Odum, J. K.; Angster, S. J.

    2012-12-01

    We acquired 4 km of minivibe reflection seismic data in Spokane, Washington, to image subsurface deformation associated with the 2001 swarm of shallow (Columbia River basalts. We observe a Columbia River basalt bedrock high of 100 m located between seismic profiles and verified by geologic and aeromagnetic maps. The seismic data also image a paleochannel showing the migration of the Spokane River through time. An inflection within the Quaternary basin sediment reflections suggests uplift from faulting that is consistent with the sense of deformation observed in the InSAR data.

  9. 76 FR 27668 - ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Negative Determination on Reconsideration

    2011-05-12

    ... Register on October 25, 2010 (75 FR 65516). The workers produce custom-order metal cutting machinery used... (3) If in the opinion of the Certifying Officer, a misinterpretation of facts or of the law...

  10. 77 FR 25742 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA; Correction

    2012-05-01

    ... in the Federal Register (75 FR 58429-58430, September 24, 2010). The museum staff recently discovered... Federal Register (75 FR 58429-58430, September 24, 2010), paragraph six is corrected by substituting the... Federal Register (75 FR 58429-58430, September 24, 2010), paragraph 11 is corrected by substituting...

  11. Compilation of geologic, hydrologic, and ground-water flow modeling information for the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie aquifer, Spokane County, Washington, and Bonner and Kootenai Counties, Idaho

    Kahle, Sue C.; Caldwell, Rodney R.; Bartolino, James R.

    2005-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Idaho Department of Water Resources and Washington Department of Ecology compiled and described geologic, hydrologic, and ground-water flow modeling information about the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie (SVRP) aquifer in northern Idaho and northeastern Washington. Descriptions of the hydrogeologic framework, water-budget components, ground- and surface-water interactions, computer flow models, and further data needs are provided. The SVRP aquifer, which covers about 370 square miles including the Rathdrum Prairie, Idaho and the Spokane valley and Hillyard Trough, Washington, was designated a Sole Source Aquifer by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 1978. Continued growth, water management issues, and potential effects on water availability and water quality in the aquifer and in the Spokane and Little Spokane Rivers have illustrated the need to better understand and manage the region's water resources. The SVRP aquifer is composed of sand, gravel, cobbles, and boulders primarily deposited by a series of catastrophic glacial outburst floods from ancient Glacial Lake Missoula. The material deposited in this high-energy environment is coarser-grained than is typical for most basin-fill deposits, resulting in an unusually productive aquifer with well yields as high as 40,000 gallons per minute. In most places, the aquifer is bounded laterally by bedrock composed of granite, metasedimentary rocks, or basalt. The lower boundary of the aquifer is largely unknown except along the margins or in shallower parts of the aquifer where wells have penetrated its entire thickness and reached bedrock or silt and clay deposits. Based on surface geophysics, the thickness of the aquifer is about 500 ft near the Washington-Idaho state line, but more than 600 feet within the Rathdrum Prairie and more than 700 feet in the Hillyard trough based on drilling records. Depth to water in the aquifer is greatest in the northern Rathdrum Prairie (about 500 feet) and least near the city of Spokane along the Spokane River (less than about 50 feet). Ground-water flow is south from near the southern end of Lake Pend Oreille and Hoodoo Valley, through the Rathdrum Prairie, then west toward Spokane. In Spokane, the aquifer splits and water moves north through the Hillyard Trough as well as west through the Trinity Trough. From the Trinity Trough water flows north along the western arm of the aquifer. The aquifer's discharge area is along the Little Spokane River and near Long Lake, Washington. A compilation of estimates of water-budget components, including recharge (precipitation, irrigation, canal leakage, septic tank effluent, inflow from tributary basins, and flow from the Spokane River) and discharge (withdrawals from wells, flow to the Spokane and Little Spokane Rivers, evapotranspiration, and underflow to Long Lake) illustrates that these estimated values should be compared with caution due to several variables including the area and time period of interest as well as methods employed in making the estimates. Numerous studies have documented the dynamic ground-water and surface-water interaction between the SVRP aquifer and the Spokane and Little Spokane Rivers. Gains and losses vary throughout the year, as well as the locations of gains and losses. September 2004 streamflow measurements indicated that the upper reach of the Spokane River between Post Falls and downstream at Flora Road lost 321 cubic feet per second. A gain of 736 cubic feet per second was measured between the Flora Road site and downstream at Green Street Bridge. A loss of 124 cubic feet per second was measured for the reach between the Green Street Bridge and the Spokane River at Spokane gaging station. The river gained about 87 cubic feet per second between the Spokane River at Spokane gaging station and the TJ Meenach Bridge. Overall, the Spokane River gained about 284 cubic feet per second between the Post Falls,

  12. At WA18

    1978-01-01

    By July 1978 the CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome-Moskow Collaboration (CHARM) has set up the experiment WA18, behind WA1 (on the right), in the neutrino wide-band (WBB) and narrow-band (NBB) beams, at the West Area Neutrino Facility (WANF)and started data taking data.

  13. Surface-water/ground-water interaction of the Spokane River and the Spokane Valley/Rathdrum Prairie aquifer, Idaho and Washington

    Caldwell, Rodney R.; Bowers, Craig L.

    2003-01-01

    Historical mining in the Coeur d’Alene River Basin of northern Idaho has resulted in elevated concentrations of some trace metals (particularly cadmium, lead, and zinc) in water and sediment of Coeur d’Alene Lake and downstream in the Spokane River in Idaho and Washington. These elevated trace-metal concentrations in the Spokane River have raised concerns about potential contamination of ground water in the underlying Spokane Valley/Rathdrum Prairie aquifer, the primary source of drinking water for the city of Spokane and surrounding areas. A study conducted as part of the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Water-Quality Assessment Program examined the interaction of the river and aquifer using hydrologic and chemical data along a losing reach of the Spokane River. The river and ground water were extensively monitored over a range of hydrologic conditions at a streamflow-gaging station and 25 monitoring wells situated from 40 to 3,500 feet from the river. River stage, ground-water levels, water temperature, and specific conductance were measured hourly to biweekly. Water samples were collected on nearly a monthly basis between 1999 and 2001 from the Spokane River and were collected up to nine times between June 2000 and August 2001 from the monitoring wells.

  14. Top view of WA3

    1977-01-01

    The WA3 experiment by the Amsterdam-CERN-Cracow-Munich-Oxford-Rutherford (ACCMORE)Collaboration aimed to study exclusive pion and kaon interactions with protons. WA7 is seen on the backgound (top). The hut on the right is WA3, the hut on the left is WA2.

  15. Preparing for WA34

    1977-01-01

    Following a proposal by a CERN-Florence-Genova Collaboration to study charmed particles photoproduced in emulsion plates tagged by the Omega apparatus triggers, WA34 was a test exposure to demonstrate the validity of the experimental method. Here (centre) Giordano Diambrini-Palazzi inside the Omega magnet. the validity of the experimental method.

  16. At WA3

    1977-01-01

    Installation of one half of the photon calorimeter as a part of the multiparticle spectrometer of the ACCMOR Collaboration (WA3). The calorimeter was 28 radiation lengths deep and consisted of two identical blocks of 40 scintillator planes with 2 cm wide elements, interleaved with layers of lead 4 mm thick. Robert Klanner stands on the right (see photo 7710073).

  17. 75 FR 58424 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA

    2010-09-24

    ... of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National... National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture... to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, aka...

  18. 78 FR 2428 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA

    2013-01-11

    ... National Park Service Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture... & Culture, also known as the Eastern Washington State Historical Society, in consultation with the... cultural items may contact the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture. DATES: Representatives of any...

  19. 77 FR 25736 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA...

    2012-05-01

    ... to Repatriate published in the Federal Register (75 FR 58424-58425, September 24, 2010). The museum... earlier notice. In the Federal Register (75 FR 58424, September 24, 2010), paragraph five is corrected by... awl, 2 scrapers, and 1 hammerstone. In the Federal Register (75 FR 58424-58425, September 24,...

  20. Preliminary characterization of nitrogen and phosphorus in groundwater discharging to Lake Spokane, northeastern Washington, using stable nitrogen isotopes

    Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Cox, Stephen E.; Spanjer, Andrew R.

    2016-01-01

    Lake Spokane, locally referred to as Long Lake, is a 24-mile-long section of the Spokane River impounded by Long Lake Dam that has, in recent decades, experienced water-quality problems associated with eutrophication. Consumption of oxygen by the decomposition of aquatic plants that have proliferated because of high nutrient concentrations has led to seasonally low dissolved oxygen concentrations in the lake. Of nitrogen and phosphorus, the two primary nutrients necessary for aquatic vegetation growth, phosphorus was previously identified as the limiting nutrient that regulates the growth of aquatic plants and, thus, dissolved oxygen concentrations in Lake Spokane. Phosphorus is delivered to Lake Spokane from municipal and industrial point-source inputs to the Spokane River upstream of Lake Spokane, but is also conveyed by groundwater and surface water from nonpoint-sources including septic tanks, agricultural fields, and wildlife. In response, the Washington State Department of Ecology listed Lake Spokane on the 303(d) list of impaired water bodies for low dissolved oxygen concentrations and developed a Total Maximum Daily Load for phosphorus in 1992, which was revised in 2010 because of continuing algal blooms and water-quality concerns.This report evaluates the concentrations of phosphorus and nitrogen in shallow groundwater discharging to Lake Spokane to determine if a difference exists between nutrient concentrations in groundwater discharging to the lake downgradient of residential development with on-site septic systems and downgradient of undeveloped land without on-site septic systems. Elevated nitrogen isotope values (δ15N) within the roots of aquatic vegetation were used as an indicator of septic-system derived nitrogen. δ15N values were measured in August and September 2014 downgradient of residential development near the lakeshore, of residential development on 300-ft-high terraces above the lake, and of undeveloped land in the eastern (upper) and central (lower) parts of Lake Spokane. Significantly lower δ15N values were measured within aquatic vegetation downgradient of undeveloped land in eastern Lake Spokane relative to both near-shore and terrace residential development land uses. Conversely, significantly higher δ15N values were measured downgradient of undeveloped land in central Lake Spokane relative to the two developed land uses. These results guided the location of subsequent groundwater sampling in March and April 2015 from 30 shallow piezometers driven into the near-shore area of Lake Spokane. Nitrate plus nitrite concentrations in groundwater discharging to Lake Spokane downgradient of undeveloped areas were significantly lower than those measured downgradient of both near-shore and terrace residential development. Orthophosphate concentrations in groundwater were not significantly different with respect to upgradient land use.

  1. EPCGen2 Pseudorandom Number Generators: Analysis of J3Gen

    Alberto Peinado

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the cryptographic security of J3Gen, a promising pseudo random number generator for low-cost passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID tags. Although J3Gen has been shown to fulfill the randomness criteria set by the EPCglobal Gen2 standard and is intended for security applications, we describe here two cryptanalytic attacks that question its security claims: (i a probabilistic attack based on solving linear equation systems; and (ii a deterministic attack based on the decimation of the output sequence. Numerical results, supported by simulations, show that for the specific recommended values of the configurable parameters, a low number of intercepted output bits are enough to break J3Gen. We then make some recommendations that address these issues.

  2. Ecological indicators of water quality in the Spokane River, Idaho and Washington, 1998 and 1999

    MacCoy, Dorene E.; Maret, Terry R.

    2003-01-01

    A water-quality investigation of the Spokane River was completed during summer low-flow conditions in 1998 and 1999 as part of the USGS NAWQA Program, in cooperation with the WDOE. (Abbreviations used in this report are defined on the last page.) Samples for analyses of water chemistry; bed sediment; aquatic communities (fish, macroinvertebrates, and algae); contaminants in tissue (fish and macroinvertebrates); and associated measures of habitat were collected at six sites downstream from Coeur d’Alene Lake between river miles 63 and 100. These data provided baseline information to evaluate the water-quality status of the Spokane River and can be used to determine the ecological risk to aquatic organisms from contaminants.

  3. Hsaing Waing: Classical Ensemble of Myanmar

    Chalermkit Kengkeaw

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Hsaing Waing is a classical music ensemble and a prominent culturalidentity of Myanmar. The Hsaing Waing ensemble consists of many instruments such as the Pat Waing, Muang Hsaing, Hne, Chauk Lon Bat, Byaung, Wa, Wallet Kok, Yakin, Si, and Mong. The earliest historical record of the Hsaing Waing is in 1544 where the Pat Waing and possibly the Hsaing Waing, was in royal service at the court of King Tabinshwehti of the Taungoo dynasty and prospered under the Kaunbaun dynasty up to colonial rule. During colonization, Hsaing Waing’s popularity declined but other innovations were introduced such as modern recording mediums and broadcasts which transferred the popularity of Hsaing Waing to a broader public audience and brought innovation to religious music, ceremonial rituals, fusion of westernmusical instruments such as the piano, violin and mandolin. The wealth of knowledge and numbers of connoisseur during the Kaunbaun dynasty led to the transfer of knowledge to many apprentices which were responsible for the development and adaptation and continuation of Hsaing Waing during colonization, socialism and independence. The transfer of knowledge was carried out by previous generations through apprentices, family members, close relatives and inspired individuals. The factors for the successful inheritance of Hsaing Waing are management, education, musicians and opportunity.

  4. InSAR Evidence for an active shallow thrust fault beneath the city of Spokane Washington, USA

    Wicks, Charles W., Jr.; Weaver, Craig S.; Bodin, Paul; Sherrod, Brian

    2013-01-01

    In 2001, a nearly five month long sequence of shallow, mostly small magnitude earthquakes occurred beneath the city of Spokane, a city with a population of about 200,000, in the state of Washington. During most of the sequence, the earthquakes were not well located because seismic instrumentation was sparse. Despite poor-quality locations, the earthquake hypocenters were likely very shallow, because residents near the city center both heard and felt many of the earthquakes. The combination of poor earthquake locations and a lack of known surface faults with recent movement make assessing the seismic hazards related to the earthquake swarm difficult. However, the potential for destruction from a shallow moderate-sized earthquake is high, for example Christchurch New Zealand in 2011, so assessing the hazard potential of a seismic structure involved in the Spokane earthquake sequence is important. Using interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from the European Space Agency ERS2 and ENVISAT satellites and the Canadian Space Agency RADARSAT-1, satellite we are able to show that slip on a shallow previously unknown thrust fault, which we name the Spokane Fault, is the source of the earthquake sequence. The part of the Spokane Fault that slipped during the 2001 earthquake sequence underlies the north part of the city, and slip on the fault was concentrated between ~0.3 and 2 km depth. Projecting the buried fault plane to the surface gives a possible surface trace for the Spokane Fault that strikes northeast from the city center into north Spokane.

  5. Counter support for WA35

    1977-01-01

    This assembly was equipped with 78 counters, each consisting of a lucite cone, to produce Cerenkov light, and a CsI scintillator plate of 3 mm thickness glued on the face of the cone. The experiment WA35 was set-up in the s1 beam (West Hall) by the Darmstadt-Heidelberg-Virginia-Warsaw Collaboration to measure angular distributions and multiplicities of pions and recoil protons produced by hadrons interacting in nuclei. (See Annual Report 1976 p. 39)

  6. Hobo Orator Union: Class Composition and the Spokane Free Speech Fight of the Industrial Workers of the World

    May, Matthew S.

    2011-01-01

    From 1909 to 1910, the public performance of soap-box oratory began to effect dramatic changes in the composition of migrant workers throughout the Pacific Northwest. Municipal authorities in Spokane attempted to curb the formation of a union of hobo orators by outlawing public speech-making within the city fire limits. The ensuing confrontation…

  7. WA80 BGO calorimetry electronics

    This paper describes instrumentation designed for BGO scintillator-based calorimetry of particles covering a very wide range of energies (from less than 50 MeV to 50 GeV). The instrumentation was designed to have a measurement accuracy of 0.1% over as much of the energy range as possible so the energy resolution of BGO would be the limiting factor. Two 1.5-cm2 photodiodes were used per 2.5 cm x 2.5 cm x 25 cm BGO crystal. Both a charge-sensitive preamplifier and a pulse processor were developed specifically for the needs of the WA80 experiment. The preamplifier was designed for high detector capacitance (100 to 700 pF), low integral and differential non-linearity and low power consumption (200 mW). The pulse processor is a time-invariant shaping amplifier with integral peak-detect-and-hold and automatic gain selection circuits. The amplifier use quasi-triangular shaping with 4 ?s peaking time, and the hold circuit is gated with a fast first level trigger. The system has more than 20 bits of effective resolution when used with an external 12-bit ADC. Results from beam tests at CERN are presented. 6 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab

  8. Radon and remedial action in Spokane River Valley residences: an interim report

    Fifty-six percent of 46 residences monitored in the Spokane River Valley in eastern Washington/northern Idaho have indoor radon concentrations above the National Council for Radiation Protection (NCRP) guidelines of 8 pCi/1. Indoor levels were over 20 pCi/1 in eight homes, and ranged up to 132 pCi/1 in one house. Radon concentrations declined by factors of 4 to 38 during summer months. Measurements of soil emanation rates, domestic water supply concentrations, and building material flux rates indicate that diffusion of radon does not significantly contribute to the high concentrations observed. Rather, radon entry is dominated by pressure-driven bulk soil gas transport, aggravated by the local subsurface soil composition and structure. A variety of radon control strategies are being evaluated in 14 of these homes. Sub-surface ventilation by depressurization and overpressurization, basement overpressurization, and crawlspace ventilation are capable of successfully reducing radon levels below 5 pCi/1 in these homes. House ventilation is appropriate in buildings with low-moderate concentrations, while sealing of cracks has been relatively ineffective

  9. Event simulation for the WA80 experiment

    The HIJET and LUND event generators are compared. It is concluded that for detector construction and design of experimental setups, the differences between the two models are marginal. The coverage of the WA80 setup in pseudorapidity and energy is demonstrated. The performance of some of the WA80 detectors (zero-degree calorimeter, wall calorimeter, multiplicity array, and SAPHIR lead-glass detector) is evaluated based on calculations with the LUND or the HIJET codes combined with codes simulating the detector responses. 9 refs., 3 figs

  10. 78 FR 50099 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    2013-08-16

    ... staff in consultation with representatives of the Coeur d'Alene Tribe (previously listed as the Coeur d'Alene Tribe of the Coeur d'Alene Reservation, Idaho) and the Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation... objects and the modern day tribes of the Coeur d'Alene Tribe (previously listed as the Coeur d'Alene...

  11. Nutrient value protein of mutant J3 of agaricus blazei by irradiation

    The studies of nutrient value protein of mutant J3 of Agaricus blazei were carried out. The results showed that mutant J3 had 9 kinds of essential amino acids, the compositions of essential amino acids is 46.0% of total amino acids. The amino acid score is 94.5, the essential amino acid index is 92.4, biological value is 89.0, the ratio coefficient of amino acids is 72.3, the nutrient value is 32.5. The chemical score is 74.18. These results proved that the protein of mutant J3 had high nutrient value

  12. FSXLIB-J3: MCNP continuous energy cross section library based on JENDL-3

    The general purpose evaluated nuclear data file, JENDL-3, which was newly evaluated at Japan was released to apply the fusion reactor area and so on. The MCNP continuous energy cross section library, FSXLIB-J3, has been prepared from JENDL-3 for the fusion neutronics application. The FSXLIB-J3 library was produced by the nuclear data processing system, NJOY, and the library compiling and confirming code for the MCNP library, MACROS. The confidence of this library was established by the comparison and comfirmation between original JENDL-3 and the cross section data in library. This report describes the format of MCNP cross section library, the production procedure of FSXLIB-J3, the usage of the MACROS code and the confirmation of FSXLIB-J3. (author)

  13. Results on charm physics from WA82

    Experiment WA82 studies the hadroproduction of charmed mesons with a 340 GeV/c pion beam and a 370 GeV/c proton beam. The high and clean statistics of collected charms has been used to measure the differential cross section and its dependence on target nucleon number. The analysis of semileptonic decay D ? K* ev is presented. (orig.)

  14. 2012 USGS Lidar: Elwha River (WA)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — TASK NAME: Elwha River, WA LiDAR LiDAR Data Acquisition and Processing Production Task USGS Contract No. G10PC00057 Task Order No. G11PD01088 Woolpert Order No....

  15. IKAR, a ionization chamber for WA9

    1976-01-01

    This ionization chamber arrived at CERN from Leningrad for a high precision study of hadron elastic scattering by a CERN-Clermont-Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon-Uppsala Collaboration in the H3 beam (WA9). G.A. Korolev (third from right) looks at the drawings.

  16. WaRG: Warehousing RDF Graphs

    Colazzo, Dario; Ghosh, Tushar; Goasdoué, François; Manolescu, Ioana; Roatis, Alexandra

    2013-01-01

    We propose to demonstrate WaRG, a system for performing warehouse-style analytics on RDF graphs. To our knowledge, our framework is the first to keep the warehousing process purely in the RDF format and take advantage of the heterogeneity and semantics inherent to this model.

  17. Geohydrologic reconnaissance of a ground-water contamination problem in the Argonne Road area near Spokane, Washington

    Dion, N.P.

    1987-01-01

    Three domestic wells that withdraw groundwater from an alluvium-filled trough cut into granite were found to be contaminated with the organic solvents tetrachloroethene, trichloroethene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, and 1 ,2-trans-dichloroethene. The suspected source of contamination is a nearby septic-tank sludge disposal area. There is concern that the affected aquifer is tributary to the Spokane aquifer, which has been accorded ' sole source ' status by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Preliminary estimates suggest that groundwater in the area is moving toward the Spokane aquifer and that the transit time may range from 2.5 to 25 years. Because of longitudinal dispersion, however, the plume of contaminants may move at a faster rate than the ambient groundwater and may arrive at given destinations more quickly than calculated above. A literature search has indicated that the dissolved solute phase of the contaminants will not be significantly affected by sorption, volatilization, chemical activity, or biodegradation. Because of the preliminary nature of the investigation, many questions relating to the extent of contamination remain unanswered. A list of suggested additional studies to answer those questions and to refine and confirm the findings of this investigation is presented. (Author 's abstract)

  18. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL WATER QUALITY OF THE SPOKANE RIVER OUTLET REACH OF LAKE COEUR D'ALENE, KOOTENAI COUNTY, IDAHO. 1990 AND 1991

    The University of Idaho conducted a water quality study on the Spokane River outlet arm of Lake Coeur dAlene (17010305, 17010303) from June 1990 through September 1991. Objectives of the study were: to characterize baseline river water quality; to determine seasonal river water ...

  19. Results from the WA80 experiment

    Results from the WA80 experiment on transverse energy production, proton and neutral pion distributions in 60 and 200 AxGeV heavy ion reactions are presented. Energy density estimates are given. The target dependence of the transverse energy produced in the target region is investigated. Proton distributions at target rapidity are compared with a model containing an intra-nuclear cascade. The differences between the π0 pT spectra in central and peripheral collisions are shown. (orig.)

  20. Experiment WA1 (CDHS Neutrino Experiment)

    1977-01-01

    Experiment WA1, also known under CDHS (CERN, Dortmund, Heidelberg, Saclay; spokesman Jack Steinberger), was the first neutrino experiment on the SPS, in its West Area. Magnetized iron (with a toroidal field) forms the core of the detector. On its outside we see drift chambers and photomultipliers (detecting the light from the plastic scintillators further in). Peter Schilly is wearing a white coat. See also CERN Annual Report 1976, p.57.

  1. Wide field CO J = 3¿2 mapping of the Serpens Cloud Core

    Dionatos, Odyssefs; Nisini, Brunella; Codella, Claudio; Giannini, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    homogeneous dataset for a single star forming site. Methods. An area comprising 460''×230'' of the Serpens cloud core has been mapped in 12CO J = 3¿2 with the HARP-B heterodyne array at the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope; J = 3¿2 observations are more sensitive tracers of hot outflow gas than lower J CO......Context. Outflows provide indirect means to get an insight on diverse star formation associated phenomena. On scales of individual protostellar cores, outflows combined with intrinsic core properties can be used to study the mass accretion/ejection process of heavily embedded protostellar sources...

  2. Results from CERN experiment WA80

    Gutbrod, H.H.; Plasil, F.; Albrecht, R.; Awes, T.C.; Baktash, C.; Beckmann, P.; Berger, F.; Bock, R.; Claesson, G.; Dragon, L.

    1988-01-01

    As in the case of most of the experiments discussed at this conference, the primary goal of WA80 is a search for evidence that a quark-gluon plasma (QGP) has been formed, or that some similar phase transition has taken place. A number of signatures for QGP formation have been suggested, and most experiments have been designed so as to obtain data that pertain to one or more of these signatures. In the case of WA80, the primary probe for the investigation of the QGP is the measurement of photons that may be emitted from the plasma phase. An understanding of the various QGP signatures, however, requires an understanding of the background created by reaction products that do not relate directly to QGP production and thus requires a thorough understanding of the reaction mechanism governing nucleus-nucleus collisions at these extreme energies. Consequently, another important goal of WA80 is to survey nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 and 200 GeV/nucleon and to compare the results to those obtained from proton-nucleus interactions. We have pursued this second goal by measuring forward and transverse energies, by studying the multiplicities of produced charged particles over a large range of pseudorapidity, by investigating transverse momentum spectra of neutral products, and by examining target fragmentation products. In this paper we review all of our results obtained with 60- and 200-GeV/nucleon /sup 16/O projectiles, with the exception of charged-particle multiplicity data, which are discussed in a separate presentation at this conference. We also present the first preliminary calorimeter results from /sup 32/S bombardments at 6.4 TeV. 22 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Results from CERN experiment WA80

    As in the case of most of the experiments discussed at this conference, the primary goal of WA80 is a search for evidence that a quark-gluon plasma (QGP) has been formed, or that some similar phase transition has taken place. A number of signatures for QGP formation have been suggested, and most experiments have been designed so as to obtain data that pertain to one or more of these signatures. In the case of WA80, the primary probe for the investigation of the QGP is the measurement of photons that may be emitted from the plasma phase. An understanding of the various QGP signatures, however, requires an understanding of the background created by reaction products that do not relate directly to QGP production and thus requires a thorough understanding of the reaction mechanism governing nucleus-nucleus collisions at these extreme energies. Consequently, another important goal of WA80 is to survey nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 and 200 GeV/nucleon and to compare the results to those obtained from proton-nucleus interactions. We have pursued this second goal by measuring forward and transverse energies, by studying the multiplicities of produced charged particles over a large range of pseudorapidity, by investigating transverse momentum spectra of neutral products, and by examining target fragmentation products. In this paper we review all of our results obtained with 60- and 200-GeV/nucleon /sup 16/O projectiles, with the exception of charged-particle multiplicity data, which are discussed in a separate presentation at this conference. We also present the first preliminary calorimeter results from /sup 32/S bombardments at 6.4 TeV. 22 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs

  4. Impacts of future changes on groundwater recharge and flow in highly-connected river-aquifer systems: A case study of the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer

    Nguyen, T. T.; Baxter, H.; Barber, M. E.; Hossain, A.; Orr, C. H.; Adam, J. C.

    2013-12-01

    The Spokane, Washington-Coeur d'Alene, Idaho Corridor is well-known for its Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie (SVRP) Aquifer which is a sole source of drinking water for more than 500,000 people. The aquifer is highly connected to the Spokane River and responds very fast to natural and human perturbations, making it relatively vulnerable to climate and anthropogenic changes in future decades. Recent studies have indicated a decline in minimum daily flow in the Spokane River in the last 100 years, while projecting an increase in cool-season precipitation into the future. We investigated the potential impacts of these projected future climate-driven hydrologic changes on groundwater recharge and flow in the SVRP. A distributed, physically-based hydrological model, the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System (PRMS), was coupled with an existing Modular three-dimensional finite-difference ground-water model (MODFLOW) to have better estimates of recharge into the SVRP as well as the interaction of surface water and groundwater. The couple model was calibrated and validated at a daily time-step within the Model-Independent Parameter Estimation (PEST) framework using 16 years of both observed streamflow and observed well data (1990 - 2005). To assess future climate change impacts, statistically downscaled climate projections of temperature and precipitation between 2010 and 2050 from four general circulation models were used. The results from the coupled model provide insight on the interplay between snowmelt, streamflow, groundwater recharge and discharge in such a highly-connected system. Moreover, the relative sensitivities of groundwater recharge and flow with respect to changes in climate and land cover are also examined. These results can be used as good references for long term water resources management and planning in the region.

  5. Revision of J3Gen and Validity of the Attacks by Peinado et al.

    Alberto Peinado

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This letter is the reply to: Remarks on Peinado et al.’s Analysis of J3Gen by J. Garcia-Alfaro, J. Herrera-Joancomartí and J. Melià-Seguí published in Sensors 2015, 15, 6217–6220. Peinado et al. cryptanalyzed the pseudorandom number generator proposed by Melià-Seguí et al., describing two possible attacks. Later, Garcia-Alfaro claimed that one of this attack did not hold in practice because the assumptions made by Peinado et al. were not correct. This letter reviews those remarks, showing that J3Gen is anyway flawed and that, without further information, the interpretation made by Peinado et al. seems to be correct.

  6. Evaluation of water-quality characteristics of part of the Spokane Aquifer, Washington and Idaho, using a solute-transport digital model

    Vaccaro, J.J.; Bolke, E.L.

    1983-01-01

    The principal dissolved constituents in water in the Spokane aquifer are calcium and bicarbonate. These constituents (as well as dissolved solids, hardness, and magnesium) each correlate well with specific conductance, whereas chloride, sodium, and nitrate each do not. Specific conductance ranges from 73 to 820 micromhos per centimeter throughout the study area. Short-term variations in water quality in the Spokane aquifer are generally greater than long-term variations. Vertical variations in concentration of chemical constituents occurred in four of 15 wells used to sample the upper 50 feet of the aquifer along several cross sections. Changes in water quality from one cross section to another could not be directly related to land-use activities. A digital model was developed and used to simulate solute transport of conservative ions in the Spokane aquifer. Specifically, the model was used to estimate the impact of the chloride ion from recharge through septic tanks and from irrigation on the water quality of the aquifer. Analysis shows that the estimated impact on the aquifer from these two source loadings was less than a 1-milligram-per-liter increase throughout approximately 80 percent of the aquifer, but increases averaging about 3 milligrams per liter occurred in some peripheral areas. Various water-quality-management schemes based on manmade or natural stresses can be tested with the model.

  7. 33 CFR 165.1309 - Eagle Harbor, Bainbridge Island, WA.

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Eagle Harbor, Bainbridge Island, WA. 165.1309 Section 165.1309 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Eagle Harbor, Bainbridge Island, WA. (a) Regulated area. A regulated navigation area is established...

  8. The exploration and the U'wa

    The document analyzes the different actions taken to harmonize the oil development without impacting the customs of the indigenous communities; like it is the case of the community U'wa in Colombia, where conflicts were generated in the relationship that the oil companies, that which led during some years to the suspension of the activity and the postponement of exploratory projects until the achievement of an understanding that has looked for to harmonize the rights clearly based in the Colombian constitution, according to which the state has right to the property of the underground and its exploitation in benefit of the whole nation, and the indigenous towns that are entitled to the protection of its cultural, social and economic integrity

  9. The t-pebbling number of Jahangir graph J3,m

    A., Lourdusamy; T., Mathivanan.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The t-pebbling number, f t(G), of a connected graph G, is the smallest positive integer such that from every placement of f t(G) pebbles, t pebbles can be moved to any specified target vertex by a sequence of pebbling moves, each move removes two pebbles of a vertex and placing one on an adjacent ve [...] rtex. In this paper, we determine the t-pebbling number for Jahangir graph J3,m and finally we give a conjecture for the t-pebbling number of the graph Jn,m.

  10. SMA CO(J=3-2) interferometric observations of the central region of M51

    Matsushita, S; Kuo, C Y; Hsieh, P Y; Trung, D V; Mao, R Q; Iono, D; Peck, A B; Wiedner, M C; Liu S Y; Ohashi, N; Lim, J

    2004-01-01

    We present the first interferometric CO(J=3-2) observations (beam size of 3.9"x1.6" or 160pc x 65pc) with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) toward the center of the Seyfert 2 galaxy M51. The image shows a strong concentration at the nucleus and weak emission from the spiral arm to the northwest. The integrated intensity of the central component in CO(J=3-2) is almost twice as high as that in CO(J=1-0), indicating that the molecular gas within an ~80 pc radius of the nucleus is warm (>~100 K) and dense (~10^4 cm^-3). Similar intensity ratios are seen in shocked regions in our Galaxy, suggesting that these gas properties may be related to AGN or starburst activity. The central component shows a linear velocity gradient (~1.4 km/s/pc) perpendicular to the radio continuum jet, similar to that seen in previous observations and interpreted as a circumnuclear molecular disk/torus around the Seyfert 2 nucleus. In addition, we identify a linear velocity gradient (~0.7 km/s/pc) along the jet. Judging from the energetics, t...

  11. Observations of CO J = 3 → 2 emission from molecular clouds

    Extensive observations in the J = 3 → 2 transition of carbon monoxide at 345 GHz (870 μm) have been obtained using an indium anti-monide heterodyne spectral-line receiver with the United Kingdom 3.8-m Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) at Mauna Kea. Mapping observations of up to 1/2 deg2 areas are reported towards the sources NGC 1333, 2023, 2024 and 2068. These maps, obtained with a 55-arcsec beam, reveal a number of new molecular hotspots as well as confirming the previous detection of molecular cool-spots. High-quality spectra have been obtained towards the self-absorbed sources NGC 1333 IRS-1, NGC 2071, Mon R2, AFGL 961 and DR 21. These spectra are similar to those observed in lower CO transitions, but there is a tendency for the redshifted wing to be enhanced in the J = 3 → 2 transition. Spectral observations are also reported for L 1551/HH-29. Analysis of the variation of gas kinetic temperature around several of the mapped sources shows close agreement with the expected grain kinetic temperature, assuming these sources to be irradiated by single central stars of a spectral class similar to that estimated from other methods. The present data support the previous model (from CO J = 1 → 0 data) for NGC 2071 and show it to be a rotating cloud. (author)

  12. Ki wa ja loodus / Martin Rünkla

    Rünk, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Ki wa näitus "Wildlife documentaries" ("Looduse valetõlked") Tallinnas Draakoni galeriis 23. jaanuarini 2010. Eksponeeritud mustvalged tekstimaalid. Kunstnik tõlgendab looduspilte ja helisid tekstina

  13. Isotopes - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  14. Diet - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  15. Raimo Pullat kohtus Lech Wa?esaga / Harda Roosna

    Roosna, Harda, 1956-

    2014-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli emeriitprofessor Raimo Pullat kohtus Poola ekspresidendi Lech Wa?esaga Gdanski tehnikakõrgkooli 110. aastapäeva pidustustel, kuhu ta oli kutsutud kui peatselt valmiva teose "Värav tulevikku. Ganzigi Tehnikakõrgkool Eesti haritlaskonna kujunemisloos 1904-1939" autor

  16. Results on charm hadroproduction from CERN experiment WA82

    Experiment WA82 has collected data from 1987 to 1989 with the ?' spectrometer at the CERN SPS. The aim of WA82 was a high statistics study of charm hadroproduction, using a silicon microstrip vertex detector and an impact parameter trigger. Latest results on the nuclear dependence of charm production and on the xF distributions of D+ and D- mesons are presented and discussed

  17. Results from CERN experiment WA80

    The two primary goals of the WA80 collaboration are to survey nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 and 200 GeVnucleon and to compare the results to those obtained from proton-nucleus interactions and to search for evidence that a quark-gluon plasma has been formed or that some similar phase transition has taken place. One of the ways to pursue the first goal is by means of forward and transverse energy measurements. These relate to important quantities such as the degree of nuclear stopping, the magnitude of attained energy densities, and the level at which collective effects manifest themselves. These measurements and their interpretation were discussed during the oral presentation at this meeting for both 16O- and 32S-induced reactions. Since the 16O results are now published, we present here only the preliminary unpublished 32S transverse energy distributions. In addition, we show sample results obtained with the single-arm photon spectrometer, SAPHIR, and with the Plastic Ball. 8 refs., 3 figs

  18. CO J = 3-2 observations of translucent and high-latitude molecular clouds

    Van Dishoeck, Ewine F.; Phillips, T. G.; Black, John H.; Gredel, R.

    1991-01-01

    Measurements were carried out on the CO J = 3-2 emission line at 345 GHz from a number of translucent and high-latitude molecular clouds, as well as on the J = 2-1 and J = 1-0 lines of both the (C-12)O and (C-13)O. It is shown that the physical conditions in the high-latitude clouds are very similar to those in the translucent clouds. The densities derived from measured (C-12)O 1-0/3-2 ratios were often found to be higher than those based on the C2 excitation, while densities derived from measured 3-2/(C-13)O 1-0 ratios were similar to those based on C2.

  19. Pairing of j =3 /2 Fermions in Half-Heusler Superconductors

    Brydon, P. M. R.; Wang, Limin; Weinert, M.; Agterberg, D. F.

    2016-04-01

    We theoretically consider the superconductivity of the topological half-Heusler semimetals YPtBi and LuPtBi. We show that pairing occurs between j =3 /2 fermion states, which leads to qualitative differences from the conventional theory of pairing between j =1 /2 states. In particular, this permits Cooper pairs with quintet or septet total angular momentum, in addition to the usual singlet and triplet states. Purely on-site interactions can generate s -wave quintet time-reversal symmetry-breaking states with topologically nontrivial point or line nodes. These local s -wave quintet pairs reveal themselves as d -wave states in momentum space. Furthermore, due to the broken inversion symmetry in these materials, the s -wave singlet state can mix with a p -wave septet state, again with topologically stable line nodes. Our analysis lays the foundation for understanding the unconventional superconductivity of the half-Heuslers.

  20. An Extragalactic 12CO J=3-2 survey with the Heinrich-Hertz-Telescope

    Mao, Rui-Qing; Henkel, Christian; Mauersberger, Rainer; Muders, Dirk; Dihn-V-Trung,

    2010-01-01

    We present results of a ^{12}CO J = 3-2 survey of 125 nearby galaxies obtained with the 10-m Heinrich-Hertz-Telescope, with the aim to characterize the properties of warm and dense molecular gas in a large variety of environments. With an angular resolution of 22'', ^{12}CO 3-2 emission was detected in 114 targets. Based on 61 galaxies observed with equal beam sizes the ^{12}CO 3-2/1-0 integrated line intensity ratio R_{31} is found to vary from 0.2 to 1.9, with an average value of 0.81. No correlations are found for R_{31} to Hubble type and far infrared luminosity. Possible indications for a correlation with inclination angle and the 60mum/100mum color temperature of the dust are not significant. Higher R_{31} ratios than in ``normal'' galaxies, hinting at enhanced molecular excitation, may be found in galaxies hosting active galactic nuclei. Even higher average values are determined for galaxies with bars or starbursts, the latter being identified by the ratio of infrared luminosity versus isophotal area, ...

  1. Gas and dust in NGC 7469 sub-mm imaging and CO J=3-2

    Allen, P P; Allen, Padeli P.; Papadopoulos, Michael L.

    2000-01-01

    We present sensitive sub-mm imaging of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 7469 at 850$\\mu $m and 450 $\\mu $m with the Submillimetre Common User Bolometer Array(SCUBA) on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) and ^{12}CO J=3-2 lineobservations of its central starbursting region. The global dust spectrum, asconstrained by the new set of sub-mm data and available 1.30 mm and IRAS 100$\\mu $m, 60 $\\mu $m data reveals a dominant warm dust component with atemperature of $\\rm T_{\\rm d} \\sim 35$ K and a global molecular gas-to-dustratio $\\rm M(H_2)/M_{\\rm d}\\sim 600$. Such high values are typical forIR-bright spirals and in order to reconcile them with the significantly lowerratio of ~ 100 obtained for the Milky Way a cold dust reservoir, inconspicuousat FIR wavelengths, is usually postulated. We present evidence that, ratherthan unaccounted cold dust mass, this high ratio suggests an overestimate of$\\rm M(H_2)$ from its associated ^{12}CO J=1-0 line luminosity by a factor of ~5 when a Milky Way value for this conversion is ...

  2. Development of creep strain equations for ka-SUS410J3 (Grade 122)

    Evaluation of the failure under creep deformation is essential in design and life management of high-temperature components constituting power generation plants. Deformation model as well as life evaluation rule plays an important role in such a evaluation and their accuracy needs to be qualified. In order to estimate variation of stress distribution with time due to creep deformation, creep strain equations are required to be used and their accuracy is important for the reliability of the assessment of creep damage. Creep strain equations for ka-SUS410J3 (ASME Grade 122) steel which is widely used in ultra-super critical thermal power plants were developed in this study. Expressions for the primary and the tertiary creep deformations were developed as well as those for the secondary creep deformation with special attentions to the difference between short-term and long-term behavior as well as dependency of the starting point of the tertiary creep phase on temperature and rupture time. (author)

  3. Nuclear group constant set FUSION-J3 for fusion reactor nuclear calculations based on JENDL-3

    Based on evaluated nuclear data file JENDL-3, published in April 1990, we produced a nuclear group constant set 'FUSION-J3' for fusion reactor nuclear calculation by ANISN code instead of GICX40 produced in 1977. The set FUSION-J3 is the coupled group constant set with neutron 125 and gamma-ray 40 group structure, and has the maximum order of 5 as Legendre expansion in scattering cross section. Forty nuclides included in FUSION-J3 can be used in fusion reactor nuclear calculations. Considering mobility in two-dimensional calculations and fixed group structure in induced activity calculation code system as the GICX40 structure, we composed also FUSION-40 group constant set with neutron 42 group and gamma-ray 21 group structure. The set FUSION-40 includes the same maximum order of the Legendre expansion and the same nuclides as FUSION-J3. From the results in experimental analysis and benchmark calculations, it became proved that JENDL-3 is at higher level of accuracy than ENDF/B-IV and -V. The set FUSION-J3 can be clear applicable to fusion reactor nuclear calculations. (author)

  4. CO(J=3-2) On-the-fly Mapping of the Nearby Spiral Galaxies NGC 628 and NGC 7793: Spatially-resolved CO(J=3-2) Star-formation Law

    Muraoka, Kazuyuki; Yanagitani, Kazuki; Kaneko, Hiroyuki; Nakanishi, Kouichiro; Kuno, Nario; Sorai, Kazuo; Tosaki, Tomoka; Kohno, Kotaro

    2015-01-01

    We present the results of CO(J=3-2) on-the-fly mappings of two nearby non-barred spiral galaxies NGC 628 and NGC 7793 with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment at an effective angular resolution of 25". We successfully obtained global distributions of CO(J=3-2) emission over the entire disks at a sub-kpc resolution for both galaxies. We examined the spatially-resolved (sub-kpc) relationship between CO(J=3-2) luminosities (L'CO(3-2)) and infrared (IR) luminosities (LIR) for NGC 628, NGC 7793, and M 83, and compared it with global luminosities of JCMT Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey sample. We found a striking linear L'CO(3-2)-LIR correlation over the 4 orders of magnitude, and the correlation is consistent even with that for ultraluminous infrared galaxies and submillimeter selected galaxies. In addition, we examined the spatially-resolved relationship between CO(J=3-2) intensities (ICO(3-2)) and extinction-corrected star formation rates (SFRs) for NGC 628, NGC 7793, and M 83, and compared it with that f...

  5. CO(J = 3-2) on-the-fly mapping of the nearby spiral galaxies NGC 628 and NGC 7793: Spatially resolved CO(J = 3-2) star-formation law

    Muraoka, Kazuyuki; Takeda, Miho; Yanagitani, Kazuki; Kaneko, Hiroyuki; Nakanishi, Kouichiro; Kuno, Nario; Sorai, Kazuo; Tosaki, Tomoka; Kohno, Kotaro

    2016-04-01

    We present the results of CO(J = 3-2) on-the-fly mappings of two nearby non-barred spiral galaxies, NGC 628 and NGC 7793, with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment at an effective angular resolution of 25″. We successfully obtained global distributions of CO(J = 3-2) emission over the entire disks at a sub-kpc resolution for both galaxies. We examined the spatially resolved (sub-kpc) relationship between CO(J = 3-2) luminosities (L^' }_CO(3-2)) and infrared (IR) luminosities (LIR) for NGC 628, NGC 7793, and M 83, and compared it with global luminosities of a JCMT (James Clerk Maxwell Telescope) Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey sample. We found a striking linear L^' }_CO(3-2)-LIR correlation over the four orders of magnitude, and the correlation is consistent even with that for ultraluminous IR galaxies and submillimeter-selected galaxies. In addition, we examined the spatially resolved relationship between CO(J = 3-2) intensities (ICO(3-2)) and extinction-corrected star formation rates (SFRs) for NGC 628, NGC 7793, and M 83, and compared it with that for Giant Molecular Clouds in M 33 and 14 nearby galaxy centers. We found a linear ICO(3-2)-SFR correlation with ˜1 dex scatter. We conclude that the CO(J = 3-2) star-formation law (i.e., linear L^' }_CO(3-2)-LIR and ICO(3-2)-SFR correlations) is universally applicable to various types and spatial scales of galaxies; from spatially resolved nearby galaxy disks to distant IR-luminous galaxies, within ˜1 dex scatter.

  6. CO(J = 3-2) on-the-fly mapping of the nearby spiral galaxies NGC 628 and NGC 7793: Spatially resolved CO(J = 3-2) star-formation law

    Muraoka, Kazuyuki; Takeda, Miho; Yanagitani, Kazuki; Kaneko, Hiroyuki; Nakanishi, Kouichiro; Kuno, Nario; Sorai, Kazuo; Tosaki, Tomoka; Kohno, Kotaro

    2016-01-01

    We present the results of CO(J = 3-2) on-the-fly mappings of two nearby non-barred spiral galaxies, NGC 628 and NGC 7793, with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment at an effective angular resolution of 25'. We successfully obtained global distributions of CO(J = 3-2) emission over the entire disks at a sub-kpc resolution for both galaxies. We examined the spatially resolved (sub-kpc) relationship between CO(J = 3-2) luminosities (L^' }_CO(3-2)) and infrared (IR) luminosities (LIR) for NGC 628, NGC 7793, and M 83, and compared it with global luminosities of a JCMT (James Clerk Maxwell Telescope) Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey sample. We found a striking linear L^' }_CO(3-2)-LIR correlation over the four orders of magnitude, and the correlation is consistent even with that for ultraluminous IR galaxies and submillimeter-selected galaxies. In addition, we examined the spatially resolved relationship between CO(J = 3-2) intensities (ICO(3-2)) and extinction-corrected star formation rates (SFRs) for NGC 628, NGC 7793, and M 83, and compared it with that for Giant Molecular Clouds in M 33 and 14 nearby galaxy centers. We found a linear ICO(3-2)-SFR correlation with ˜1 dex scatter. We conclude that the CO(J = 3-2) star-formation law (i.e., linear L^' }_CO(3-2)-LIR and ICO(3-2)-SFR correlations) is universally applicable to various types and spatial scales of galaxies; from spatially resolved nearby galaxy disks to distant IR-luminous galaxies, within ˜1 dex scatter.

  7. 75 FR 37294 - Modification of Class E Airspace; Kelso, WA

    2010-06-29

    ... Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend controlled airspace at Kelso, WA (75 FR 20322... 12866; (2) is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034..., 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp., p. 389. Sec. 71.1 0 2. The...

  8. 76 FR 65945 - Modification of Class B Airspace; Seattle, WA

    2011-10-25

    ... airspace area (76 FR 35363). Interested parties were invited to participate in this rulemaking effort by.... 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp., p.389. Sec. 71.1 0 2. The...-AWA-3 RIN 2120-AA66 Modification of Class B Airspace; Seattle, WA AGENCY: Federal...

  9. 77 FR 68068 - Modification of Class E Airspace; Pullman, WA

    2012-11-15

    ... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to modify controlled airspace at Pullman, WA (77 FR 50419... Executive Order 12866; (2) is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR...: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E. O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp., p....

  10. View of the WA10 set-up

    1977-01-01

    The WA10 experiment by the Geneva-Lausanne Collaboration was set-up in the H5 beam (unseparated, up to 50 GeV/c) to study K+-p --> K0pi+-p and other reactions of similar topology, and the energy dependence of resonance production.

  11. Trigger for the WA92 fixed-target beauty experiment

    This report describes the WA92 trigger system which has been designed to collect beauty decays from fixed-target hadronic interactions. It incorporates muon and high Pt triggers, and a novel pixel processor that searches for secondary vertices downstream of the target. (orig.)

  12. 77 FR 12514 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA

    2012-03-01

    ... FR 3316). Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public meeting. But you may submit a request... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 RIN 1625-AA09 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA AGENCY... drawbridge operating regulation for the Hood Canal floating drawbridge near Port Gamble. This...

  13. 77 FR 54805 - Revocation of Jet Route J-528; WA

    2012-09-06

    ... Department of Transportation (DOT) Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and... follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 RIN 2120-AA66 Revocation of Jet Route J-528; WA...

  14. 78 FR 76750 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Chambers Creek, Steilacoom, WA

    2013-12-19

    ...The Coast Guard has issued a temporary deviation from the operating schedule that governs the Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) Chambers Creek Railway Bridge across Chambers Creek, mile 0.0, at Steilacoom, WA. The deviation is necessary to allow BNSF to perform maintenance and upgrade items to this vertical lift bridge in support of Positive Train Control requirements per the Rail Safety......

  15. 78 FR 17084 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Wilbur, WA

    2013-03-20

    ... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to establish controlled airspace at Wilbur, WA (77 FR 75597). Interested parties... ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 ] FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3..., 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR 1959-1963 Comp., p. 389. Sec. 71.1 0 2. The incorporation...

  16. 75 FR 57375 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Toledo, WA

    2010-09-21

    ... controlled airspace at Toledo, WA (75 FR 33559). Interested parties were invited to participate in this... Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does not warrant preparation of a regulatory evaluation... continues to read as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E. O. 10854, 24 FR 9565,...

  17. Optical properties of atmospheric fine particles near Beijing during the HOPE-J3A Campaign

    Xu, X.; Zhao, W.; Zhang, Q.; Wang, S.; Fang, B.; Chen, W.; Venables, D. S.; Wang, X.; Pu, W.; Wang, X.; Gao, X.; Zhang, W.

    2015-11-01

    The optical properties and chemical composition of PM1.0 (particulate with an aerodynamic diameter of less than 1.0 μm) particles in a suburban environment (Huairou) near the mega-city Beijing were measured during the HOPE-J3A (Haze Observation Project Especially for Jing-Jin-Ji Area) field campaign. The campaign covered the period November 2014 to January 2015 during the winter coal heating season. The average and standard deviations for the extinction, scattering, absorption coefficients, and the aerosol single scattering albedo (SSA) at λ = 470 nm during the measurement period were 201 ± 240, 164 ± 202, 37 ± 43 Mm-1, and 0.80 ± 0.08, respectively. The mean mass scattering (MSE) and absorption (MAE) efficiencies were 4.77 ± 0.01 and 0.87 ± 0.03 m2g-1, respectively. Highly time-resolved air pollution episodes clearly show the dramatic evolution of the PM1.0 size distribution, extensive optical properties (extinction, scattering, and absorption coefficients) and intensive optical properties (single scattering albedo and complex refractive index) during haze formation, development and decline. Time periods were classified into three different pollution levels (clear, slightly polluted, and polluted) for further analysis. It was found that: (1) The diurnal patterns of the aerosol extinction, scattering, absorption coefficients, and SSA differed for the three pollution classes. (2) The real and imaginary part of complex refractive index (CRI) increased, while the SSA decreased from clear to polluted days. (3) The relative contributions of organic and inorganic species to observed aerosol composition changed significantly from clear to polluted days: the organic mass fraction decreased (50 to 43 %) while the proportion of sulfates, nitrates, and ammonium increased strongly (34 to 44 %). (4) The fractional contribution of chemical components to extinction coefficients was calculated by using the modified IMPROVE algorithm. Organic mass was the largest contributor (58 %) to the total extinction of PM1.0. When the air quality deteriorated, the change of the relative contribution of sulfate aerosol to the total extinction was small, but the contribution of nitrate aerosol increased significantly (from 17 % on clear days to 23 % on polluted days). (5) The observed mass scattering efficiencies increased consistently with the pollution extent, however, the observed mass absorption efficiencies increased consistently with increasing mass concentration in slightly pollution conditions, but decreased under polluted conditions.

  18. Beam current transformer (BCT) for experiment WA1/2

    1978-01-01

    In experiment WA1/2, a 400 GeV proton beam from the SPS was directed at a target, downstream of which a hadron line selected, in several narrow momentum bands, a beam of either pi+ and K+ or pi- and K-. These neutrino-parent particles, before entering a 292 m long decay tunnel, passed through a set of 2 BCTs of a design seen here. They measured the hadron intensity (10^10 to 10^11 particles/pulse) with a precision of the order of 1%. There were 2 of them, for enhanced precision and confidence. After the discovery of neutral currents in the Gargamelle-experiment, WA1/2 was the first follow-up, high-precision experiment (Z.Phys.C35, 443-452, 1987 and Z.Phys.C45, 361-379, 1990). See also 7706516X.

  19. Development of the fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2R based on the JENDL-3.2

    Chiba, G

    2002-01-01

    It is reported that the fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2 based on the newest evaluated nuclear data library JENDL3.2 has a serious error in the process of applying the weighting function. As the error affects greatly nuclear characteristics, and a corrected version of the reactor constant set, JFS-3-J3.2R, was developed, as well as lumped FP cross sections. The use of JFS-3-J3.2R improves the results of analyses especially on sample Doppler reactivity and reaction rate in the blanket region in comparison with those obtained using the JFS-3-J3.2.

  20. Development of the fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2R based on the JENDL-3.2

    It is reported that the fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2 based on the newest evaluated nuclear data library JENDL3.2 has a serious error in the process of applying the weighting function. As the error affects greatly nuclear characteristics, and a corrected version of the reactor constant set, JFS-3-J3.2R, was developed, as well as lumped FP cross sections. The use of JFS-3-J3.2R improves the results of analyses especially on sample Doppler reactivity and reaction rate in the blanket region in comparison with those obtained using the JFS-3-J3.2. (author)

  1. WA80 multiplicity results at 200 A GeV

    Multiplicity results are presented from the WA80 setup at CERN. Pseudorapidity, ?, and multiplicity distributions from 32S induced reactions in the interval -1.7 < ? < 4.0 are shown. The role of low energy protons in p+A interactions is investigated using the Plastic Ball detector covering -1.7 < ? < 1.0 and the Midrapidity Calorimeter (MIRAC) in the interval 2.4 < ? < 5.5. (orig.)

  2. The photon calorimeter for experiment WA3 at CERN

    We describe the design characteristics and the calibration of the photondetector used in the WA3 experiment. Its main features are: sensitive area of 3 m x 1.5 m, energy resolution for photons sigma(E)/E approximately 0.015 + 0.14/√E(GEV)E(GeV) and two-dimensional readout with spatial resolution sigma = 2.5 mm. (orig.)

  3. Korean WA-DGNSS User Segment Software Design

    Sayed Chhattan Shah

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Korean WA-DGNSS is a large scale research project funded by Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs Korea. It aims to augment the Global Navigation Satellite System by broadcasting additional signals from geostationary satellites and providing differential correction messages and integrity data for the GNSS satellites. The project is being carried out by a consortium of universities and research institutes. The research team at Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute is involved in design and development of data processing softwares for wide area reference station and user segment. This paper focuses on user segment software design. Korean WA-DGNSS user segment software is designed to perform several functions such as calculation of pseudorange, ionosphere and troposphere delays, application of fast and slow correction messages, and data verification. It is based on a layered architecture that provides a model to develop flexible and reusable software and is divided into several independent, interchangeable and reusable components to reduce complexity and maintenance cost. The current version is designed to collect and process GPS and WA-DGNSS data however it is flexible to accommodate future GNSS systems such as GLONASS and Galileo.

  4. Investigation of MOZART experimental data and analysis of MOZART experiment using JFS-3-J3.2R group constant

    Various critical experiments have been analyzed and evaluated in Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) to improve the accuracy of prediction for nuclear characteristics of fast breeder reactors. This report describes update of the analysis of Monju Zebra Assembly Reactor Test (MOZART) reflecting a recent development of JNC analysis scheme. The main results are as follows: (1) Compilation of spectrum measurements: Spectrum measurement data are newly compiled including energy structure and geometrical information. (2) Reevaluation of atomic number density data: Atomic number density data were reevaluated considering impurities that had been neglected in the past analysis and reflecting a JNC standard analysis scheme. The revision of the data successfully reduces core type dependence of C/E values for criticality from 0.4%dk to 0.1%dk. (3) Analyses using JFS-3-J3.2R group constant set: The base-calculation and correction factors were fully reevaluated suing JFS-3-J3.2R group constant set and the results were compared with those using JFS-3-J3.2. For criticality, C/E values become smaller by 0.1%dk, which tendency is consistent with that observed in the analysis of JUPITER experiment. Reduction of B-10 concentration dependence from 7% to 1% is observed in C/E values for control rod worth, and 10% improvement are for Na void reactivity. These improvements are attribute to the revision of the group constant set and analysis scheme. The correction factors are confirmed to be insensitive to the revision of group constant sets. (author)

  5. Weapon system simulation in flight (WaSiF)

    Bartoldus, Klaus H.

    2005-05-01

    The research and technology demonstration program was co-funded by the Ministries of Defence of five European countries under the framework of the "EUropean Cooperation for the Long term in Defence" (EUCLID) MoU to include Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Portugal and Turkey with considerable financial contribution from the industrial entities. EADS Military Aircraft Munich has led a team of seven industries and research centers, including Aermacchi of Italy, DutchSpace and NLR of The Netherlands, OGMA and INETI of Portugal and Marmara Research Center of Turkey. The purpose of the project was the design, realization and demonstration of an embedded real time simulation system allowing the combat training of operational aircrew in a virtual air defence scenario and threat environment against computer generated forces in the air and on the ground while flying on a real aircraft. The simulated scenario is focused on air-to-air beyond visual range engagements of fighter aircraft. WaSiF represents one of the first demonstrations of an advanced embedded real time training system onboard a fighter/training aircraft. The system is integrated onboard the MB339CX aircraft. The overall flight test activity covered a wide variety of test conditions for a total of 21 test flights; the operational airborne time of the WaSiF amounted to nearly 18 hours. The demonstration and evaluation were quite positive; the five-nation aircrew was very fond of their first encounter with the virtual world in the military flight training. A common view and approach towards Network Centric Warfare is but emerging. WaSiF in a future networked configuration holds lots of promise to serve the needs of Integrated Air Defence: Common training in a virtual environment.

  6. W.A. SAXS facility at Curtin university

    Full text: This talk will describe some of the research that has been conducted during the past 12 months at the W.A SAXS Facility at Curtin University. This research includes SAXS studies of mesoporous materials, iron oxyhdroxide in mammalian tissue, calcium oxalates, ferritin and apoferritin samples, exfoliated layered double hydroxides, non-exfoliated gibbsite, kaolins, iron oxide powders, magnesium powders, inorganic polymers, various concentrations of magnetite with different polymer coatings in fluids and cross linked polymer systems. This talk will concentrate on the results of SAXS from iron oxyhydroxide particles in rat livers and spleens, and the details of modelling the particle size distributions

  7. Recent results from the WA80 experiment at CERN

    Results from the WA80 experiment on systematics of global observables, dET/dη and dNch/dη, as well as on spectra of identified particles are presented. Special attention is given to the target fragmentation region where two-pion correlations and proton distributions have been measured. Incorporation of strong rescattering phenomena into string models is found to provide a good description of most experimental data. Deviations to this are pointed out. The present status of the γthermal/π0 ratio as a signal of the quark gluon plasma is discussed. (orig.)

  8. CHIMPS: the $^{13}$CO/C$^{18}$O (J=3-2) Heterodyne Inner Milky Way Plane Survey

    Rigby, A J; Plume, R; Eden, D J; Urquhart, J S; Thompson, M A; Mottram, J C; Brunt, C M; Butner, H M; Dempsey, J T; Gibson, S J; Hatchell, J; Jenness, T; Kuno, N; Longmore, S N; Morgan, L K; Polychroni, D; Thomas, H; White, G J; Zhu, M

    2015-01-01

    We present the $^{13}$CO/C$^{18}$O (J=3-2) Heterodyne Inner Milky Way Plane Survey (CHIMPS) which has been carried out using the Heterodyne Array Receiver Program on the 15 m James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii. The high-resolution spectral survey currently covers |b| < 0.5 deg and 28 < l < 46 deg, with an angular resolution of 15 arcsec in 0.5 km/s velocity channels. The spectra have a median rms of $\\sim$ 0.6 K at this resolution, and for optically thin gas at an excitation temperature of 10 K, this sensitivity corresponds to column densities of $N_{\\mathrm{H}_{2}} \\sim 3 \\times 10^{20}\\,$cm$^{-2}$ and $N_{\\mathrm{H}_{2}} \\sim 4 \\times 10^{21}\\,$cm$^{-2}$ for $^{13}$CO and C$^{18}$O, respectively. The molecular gas that CHIMPS traces is at higher column densities and is also more optically thin than in other publicly available CO surveys due to its rarer isotopologues, and thus more representative of the three-dimensional structure of the clouds. The critical density of the J=3-2 transit...

  9. Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YDR261W-A, YDR261W-A [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database

    Full Text Available YDR261W-A - Retrotransposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol; translated as TYA or TYA-T ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ...

  10. (The 1990 run of the WA80 experiment)

    Young, G.R.

    1990-09-18

    The traveler spent six weeks at CERN participating in the 1990 run of the WA80 experiment. The traveler concentrated on trigger electronics for the first two weeks and on operation of the experiment for much of the next four. New electronics designed at ORNL for reading out the new BGO spectrometer were tested with the BGO in beam. Improvements were made, in collaboration with the ORNL engineers who designed the electronics. Plans were made for constructing the electronics in large quantities. Conversations were had with other members of WA80 about the analysis of results from this year's run and our plans for the 1991/1992 runs proposed for CERN. Lengthy conversations were had about the draft of a first paper concerning limits on direct photon production. Finally, the traveler attended an all-day session of the dilepton working group chartered to consider dilepton and photon experiments using heavy-ion beams in CERN's to-be-proposed Large Hadron Collider (LHC). At this meeting the traveler presented recent results from the group working on such a proposal for RHIC and updated his earlier presentation of June 1990 in this working group.

  11. 33 CFR 165.1328 - Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy submarines, Hood Canal, WA.

    2010-07-01

    ... personnel. 33 CFR Section 165, Subpart B, contains additional provisions applicable to the RNA created in.... Navy submarines, Hood Canal, WA. 165.1328 Section 165.1328 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... § 165.1328 Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy submarines, Hood Canal, WA. (a) Location. The...

  12. Contemporary "Hoisan-wa" Language Maintenance in Northern California: Evidence from Fourteen Frog Story Narratives

    Leung, Genevieve

    2012-01-01

    This article explores uninvestigated issues in Cantonese and "Hoisan-wa" language maintenance from an ethnic Chinese diaspora point of view. Data come from a larger study looking at Frog Story narratives from 140 Cantonese-English bilingual children in California. Fourteen of these children were found to display uniquely "Hoisan-wa" phonology and…

  13. 75 FR 14467 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Pierce College District, Lakewood, WA, and Thomas Burke Memorial...

    2010-03-25

    ... Reservation, Washington that this notice has been published. Dated: March 3, 2010 Sherry Hutt, Manager... Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park... Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum), University of Washington, Seattle, WA....

  14. 75 FR 14463 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2010-03-25

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology... Anthropology, Seattle, WA. The human remains were removed from Huckleberry Island, Skagit County, WA. This... assessment of the human remains was made by the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology...

  15. CO J = 3 → 2 and far infrared continuum observations of L1551, Orion KL and IRC +10216

    The sources L1551, IRC +10216 and the Kleinmann-Low nebula possess microwave spectra indicative of mass-outflow at moderate to high velocities. In two of these cases the origin of outflow is probably to be located in newly formed or forming stars. For IRC +10216 however it seems clear that the progenitor of the outflowing envelope is a late-type variable star. Observations of these sources in the J = 3 → 2 transitions of CO are reported, together with photometry at wavelengths 377, 811 and 1136 μm. All results were acquired with the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope at Mauna Kea, Hawaii, with instrumental beam-sizes of 86 arcsecs for the photometry, and 60 arcsecs for the CO spectra. (Auth.)

  16. Shell midden people in northern Iberia: New data from the mesolithic rock shelter of J3 (Basque Country, Spain

    María-José IRIARTE-CHIAPUSSO

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available In the course of a sondage dug in the rock shelter of J3, in the Jaizkibel mountains (at the north-western tip of Guipúzcoa, the body of a adult man was located buried inside a shell midden. This shell midden had not been disturbed and presented internal stratigraphy features. In any case, the outer edge of the shell midden does show some interesting interdigitation with the adjacent habitational layers, with evidence of different stages of occupation. Within the shell midden itself, under the individual buried there, it was possible to observe layers without any ceramics, whereas the layers covering said individual included ceramic fragments. This individual has been dated to 8300 BP and therefore corresponds to a Mesolithic context.

  17. CHIMPS: the 13CO/C18O (J = 3 → 2) Heterodyne Inner Milky Way Plane Survey

    Rigby, A. J.; Moore, T. J. T.; Plume, R.; Eden, D. J.; Urquhart, J. S.; Thompson, M. A.; Mottram, J. C.; Brunt, C. M.; Butner, H. M.; Dempsey, J. T.; Gibson, S. J.; Hatchell, J.; Jenness, T.; Kuno, N.; Longmore, S. N.; Morgan, L. K.; Polychroni, D.; Thomas, H.; White, G. J.; Zhu, M.

    2016-03-01

    We present the 13CO/C18O (J = 3 → 2) Heterodyne Inner Milky Way Plane Survey (CHIMPS) which has been carried out using the Heterodyne Array Receiver Program on the 15 m James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii. The high-resolution spectral survey currently covers |b| ≤ 0.5° and 28° ≲ l ≲ 46°, with an angular resolution of 15 arcsec in 0.5 km s-1 velocity channels. The spectra have a median rms of ˜0.6 K at this resolution, and for optically thin gas at an excitation temperature of 10 K, this sensitivity corresponds to column densities of NH2 ˜ 3 × 1020 cm-2 and NH2 ˜ 4 × 1021 cm-2 for 13CO and C18O, respectively. The molecular gas that CHIMPS traces is at higher column densities and is also more optically thin than in other publicly available CO surveys due to its rarer isotopologues, and thus more representative of the three-dimensional structure of the clouds. The critical density of the J = 3 → 2 transition of CO is ≳104 cm-3 at temperatures of ≤20 K, and so the higher density gas associated with star formation is well traced. These data complement other existing Galactic plane surveys, especially the JCMT Galactic Plane Survey which has similar spatial resolution and column density sensitivity, and the Herschel infrared Galactic Plane Survey. In this paper, we discuss the observations, data reduction and characteristics of the survey, presenting integrated-emission maps for the region covered. Position-velocity diagrams allow comparison with Galactic structure models of the Milky Way, and while we find good agreement with a particular four-arm model, there are some significant deviations.

  18. WaVPeak: Picking NMR peaks through wavelet-based smoothing and volume-based filtering

    Liu, Zhi

    2012-02-10

    Motivation: Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has been widely used as a powerful tool to determine the 3D structures of proteins in vivo. However, the post-spectra processing stage of NMR structure determination usually involves a tremendous amount of time and expert knowledge, which includes peak picking, chemical shift assignment and structure calculation steps. Detecting accurate peaks from the NMR spectra is a prerequisite for all following steps, and thus remains a key problem in automatic NMR structure determination. Results: We introduce WaVPeak, a fully automatic peak detection method. WaVPeak first smoothes the given NMR spectrum by wavelets. The peaks are then identified as the local maxima. The false positive peaks are filtered out efficiently by considering the volume of the peaks. WaVPeak has two major advantages over the state-of-the-art peak-picking methods. First, through wavelet-based smoothing, WaVPeak does not eliminate any data point in the spectra. Therefore, WaVPeak is able to detect weak peaks that are embedded in the noise level. NMR spectroscopists need the most help isolating these weak peaks. Second, WaVPeak estimates the volume of the peaks to filter the false positives. This is more reliable than intensity-based filters that are widely used in existing methods. We evaluate the performance of WaVPeak on the benchmark set proposed by PICKY (Alipanahi et al., 2009), one of the most accurate methods in the literature. The dataset comprises 32 2D and 3D spectra from eight different proteins. Experimental results demonstrate that WaVPeak achieves an average of 96%, 91%, 88%, 76% and 85% recall on 15N-HSQC, HNCO, HNCA, HNCACB and CBCA(CO)NH, respectively. When the same number of peaks are considered, WaVPeak significantly outperforms PICKY. The Author(s) 2012. Published by Oxford University Press.

  19. Pra Na Wa Ka: The Development of Training Course for Continuing Buddhism

    Phra M.P. Romphothanthong

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Buddhism is a religion that requires meditation, practice, intellectual precepts of the threefold-training such as morality, concentration and wisdom. The purpose of practicing Buddhism is the goal of deliverance through attaining knowledge and wisdom. The Pra Na Wa Ka are newly ordained monks and needed to study both of the scriptures and the practice for appreciating understanding in morality, concentration and wisdom. A training model and guidelines are needed to improve the quality and efficiency of Pra Na Wa Ka because currently most of the monks who are the teachers lacked knowledge and are not ready to act as the Pra Na Wa Ka teacher, because lack of the teaching media, lack of the proper knowledge of the teacher vocational, the lesson plan arrangement, the psychology of teaching, lack of technique variety of teaching methods. Most of the temple had no education administration of the Pra Na Wa Ka who ordained in short-term, within 3 days 7 days 15 days or to one month, lack of the short period course to study about Buddhism, the Pra Na Wa Ka cannot accurately recite the Pali words, the Pra Na Wa Ka who were ordained were not motivated and faithful in learning and low morality. Approach: This research intended to study the history of the education administration of the Pra Na Wa Ka (Newly ordained monk and to study about the problems and need of the Pra Na Wa Ka in knowledge about Buddhism and to develop the curriculum and the training package of the Pra Na Wa Ka in Buddhism. Results: The Pra Na Wa Ka traing course is a curriculum to study Buddhism through 3 training courses; (1 Basic Course: 3 days for initiation 7 days, (2 Intermediate course 7 days for initiation 15 days and (3 Long period course 15 days for initiation more than 30 days. The training courses were accompanied by a training kit to understand the main precepts of morality, concentration and wisdom. The curriculum was successful in providing Pra Na Wa Ka with knowledge and learning tools in order to understand the teachings from senior monks and Buddhist teachers. Conclusion: The effectiveness of the developed training course and success of the examination results of the Pra Na Wa Ka will ensure that Buddhism will continue to be propagated to society in its purest form and will benefit the community and society as a whole, bringing peace and prosperity.

  20. Evaluation of an effect on nuclear characteristics by correcting the weighting function in JFS-3-J3.2

    The fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2 based on the newest evaluated nuclear data library JENDL-3.2 has been widely used in the fast reactor analysis. However, it was recently found that there was a serious error in the process of applying the weighting function, a collision density spectrum in the inner core of ''MONJU'' as a representative of fast reactor spectrum. In this report, an effect of the error on nuclear characteristics was evaluated by a comparison with a new reactor group constant set which was produced by a standard reactor group constant set producing system of JNC with a correction of the weighting function. This report shows that the error of weighting function induces incorrect evaluation of neutron energy spectrum due to underestimation of scattering removal cross sections, and hence nuclear characteristics, such as criticality, sample Doppler reactivity, sodium void reactivity and reaction rate in a blanket region, are significantly affected. In addition, this report provides detailed information evaluated by separating ''an effect of new generation reactor group constant'' into more specific effects (i.e. an effect of correcting weighting function, an effect of differences in used cell codes and an effect of ultra fine group constant), which would be useful to investigate further on ''an effect of new generation reactor group constant''. (author)

  1. Experimental streams - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  2. Fish abundance, composition, distribution - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  3. Growth, movement and survival - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  4. 78 FR 44594 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    2013-07-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with...

  5. 78 FR 44593 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    2013-07-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission has completed an inventory of human remains in consultation with...

  6. Annual trace-metal load estimates and flow-weighted concentrations of cadmium, lead, and zinc in the Spokane River basin, Idaho and Washington, 1999-2004

    Donato, Mary M.

    2006-01-01

    Streamflow and trace-metal concentration data collected at 10 locations in the Spokane River basin of northern Idaho and eastern Washington during 1999-2004 were used as input for the U.S. Geological Survey software, LOADEST, to estimate annual loads and mean flow-weighted concentrations of total and dissolved cadmium, lead, and zinc. Cadmium composed less than 1 percent of the total metal load at all stations; lead constituted from 6 to 42 percent of the total load at stations upstream from Coeur d'Alene Lake and from 2 to 4 percent at stations downstream of the lake. Zinc composed more than 90 percent of the total metal load at 6 of the 10 stations examined in this study. Trace-metal loads were lowest at the station on Pine Creek below Amy Gulch, where the mean annual total cadmium load for 1999-2004 was 39 kilograms per year (kg/yr), the mean estimated total lead load was about 1,700 kg/yr, and the mean annual total zinc load was 14,000 kg/yr. The trace-metal loads at stations on North Fork Coeur d'Alene River at Enaville, Ninemile Creek, and Canyon Creek also were relatively low. Trace-metal loads were highest at the station at Coeur d'Alene River near Harrison. The mean annual total cadmium load was 3,400 kg/yr, the mean total lead load was 240,000 kg/yr, and the mean total zinc load was 510,000 kg/yr for 1999-2004. Trace-metal loads at the station at South Fork Coeur d'Alene River near Pinehurst and the three stations on the Spokane River downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake also were relatively high. Differences in metal loads, particularly lead, between stations upstream and downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake likely are due to trapping and retention of metals in lakebed sediments. LOADEST software was used to estimate loads for water years 1999-2001 for many of the same sites discussed in this report. Overall, results from this study and those from a previous study are in good agreement. Observed differences between the two studies are attributable to streamflow differences in the two regression models, 1999-2001 and 1999-2004. Flow-weighted concentrations (FWCs) calculated from the estimated loads for 1999-2004 were examined to aid interpretation of metal load estimates, which were influenced by large spatial and temporal variations in streamflow. FWCs of total cadmium ranged from 0.04 micrograms per liter (?g/L) at Enaville to 14 ?g/L at Ninemile Creek. Total lead FWCs were lowest at Long Lake (1.3 ?g/L) and highest at Ninemile Creek (120 ?g/L). Elevated total lead FWCs at Harrison confirmed that the high total lead loads at this station were not simply due to higher streamflow. Conversely, relatively low total lead loads combined with high total lead FWCs at Ninemile and Canyon Creeks reflected low streamflow but high concentrations of total lead. Very low total lead FWCs (1.3 to 2.7 ?g/L) at the stations downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake are a result both of deposition of lead-laden sediments in the lake and dilution by additional streamflow. Total zinc FWCs also demonstrated the effect of streamflow on load calculations, and highlighted source areas for zinc in the basin. Total zinc FWCs at Canyon and Ninemile Creeks, 1,600 ?g/L and 2,200 ?g/L, respectively, were by far the highest in the basin but contributed among the lowest total zinc loads due to their relatively low streamflow. Total zinc FWCs ranged from 38 to 67 ?g/L at stations downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake, but total zinc load estimates at these stations were relatively high because of high mean streamflow compared to other stations in the basin. Long-term regression models for 1991 to 2003 or 2004 were developed and annual trace-metal loads and FWCs were estimated for Pinehurst, Enaville, Harrison, and Post Falls to better understand the variability of metal loading with time. Long-term load estimates are similar to the results for 1999-2004 in terms of spatial distribution of metal loads throughout the basin. LOADEST results for 1991-2004 indicated that statistically significant downward temporal trends for dissolved and total cadmium, dissolved zinc, and total lead were occurring at Pinehurst, Enaville, Harrison, and Post Falls. Additionally, data for Enaville and Post Falls showed significant downward trends for dissolved lead and total zinc loads; Harrison total zinc loads also decreased with time. The Mann-Kendall trend test results agreed with the LOADEST trend results in most cases, but gave contradictory results for total zinc at Pinehurst and at Post Falls. Long- and short-term load and flow-weighted concentration estimates yielded valuable information about metal storage and transport processes, and demonstrated that water quality data are a great aid in understanding these processes.

  7. Peculiarities occurrence and microstrip gas chambers studied through experiment WA97

    This paper presents the studies on development of a Monte-Carlo type generator used for inclusive production of odd baryons and antibaryons through proton- proton and proton- nucleus collisions. Experiment WA97 consisted in designing simulation software for MSGCs (Micro-strips Gas Chambers) as well as the redefining of particle paths with the help of these chambers. This work made it possible to design the MSGC detector for experiment WA97. (TEC). 71 refs., 88 figs

  8. Monolithic electronics for the WA98 leadglass calorimeter

    A set of electronics have been constructed, installed and operated for the 10,800 element leadglass photon calorimeter that is part of CERN experiment WA98 studying photon production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions of 160.A GeV208Pb with targets of Ni, Nb and Pb. Two custom monolithic CMOS circuits were developed for this project. One chip includes 8 channels each of integrator, dual gain amplifier, fast amplifier, and CFD, as well as calibration circuits for amplitude and timing, threshold DACs, and current-mode trigger sum and discriminator. The second includes 16 channels of analog memory, 8 channels of TAC, a 24-channel Wilkinson 10 bit ADC, and buffers. The system is implemented as 72 144-channel circuit boards. Custom interface boards were also developed. A set of 26 model TMS320C40 digital signal processors is used to collect, zero-suppress and format the output data. Experience with data-taking using the 208Pb beam will be reported

  9. Dihydroaustrasulfone Alcohol (WA-25 Impedes Macrophage Foam Cell Formation by Regulating the Transforming Growth Factor-?1 Pathway

    Yi-Chen Wang

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Atherosclerosis is considered an inflammatory disease. However, clinically used anti-atherosclerotic drugs, such as simvastatin, have many side effects. Recently, several unique marine compounds have been isolated that possess a variety of bioactivities. In a previous study, we found a synthetic precursor of the marine compound (austrasulfone, which is dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol (WA-25, has anti-atherosclerotic effects in vivo. However, the detailed mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, to clarify the mechanisms through which WA-25 exerts anti-atherosclerotic activity, we used RAW 264.7 macrophages as an in vitro model to evaluate the effects of WA-25. In lipopolysaccharide (LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells, WA-25 significantly inhibited expression of the pro-inflammatory proteins, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2. In contrast, simvastatin increased the COX-2 expression compared to WA-25. In addition, WA-25 impedes foam cell formation and up-regulated the lysosomal and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP signaling pathway. We also observed that transforming growth factor ?1 (TGF-?1 was up-regulated by WA-25 and simvastatin in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells, and the promising anti-atherosclerosis effects of WA-25 were disrupted by blockade of TGF-?1 signaling. Besides, WA-25 might act through increasing lipolysis than through alteration of lipid export. Taken together, these data demonstrate that WA-25 may have potential as an anti-atherosclerotic drug with anti-inflammatory effects.

  10. Coral-Derived Compound WA-25 Inhibits Angiogenesis by Attenuating the VEGF/VEGFR2 Signaling Pathway

    Shih-Wei Lin

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: WA-25 (dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol, a synthetic derivative of marine compound WE-2 suppresses atherosclerosis in rats by reducing neointima formation. Because angiogenesis plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the present study investigated the angiogenic function and mechanism of WA-25. Methods: The angiogenic effect of WA-25 was evaluated using a rat aortic ring assay and transgenic zebrafish models were established using transgenic Tg(fli-1:EGFPy1 and Tg(kdrl:mCherryci5-fli1a:negfpy7 zebrafish embryos. In addition, the effect of WA-25 on distinct angiogenic processes, including matrix metalloproteinase (MMP expression, endothelial cell proliferation and migration, as well as tube formation, was studied using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs. The effect of WA-25 on the endothelial vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF signaling pathway was elucidated using qRT-PCR, immunoblot analysis, immunofluorescence and flow cytometric analyses. Results: The application of WA-25 perturbed the development of intersegmental vessels in transgenic zebrafish. Moreover, WA-25 potently suppressed microvessel sprouting in organotypic rat aortic rings. Among cultured endothelial cells, WA-25 significantly and dose-dependently inhibited MMP-2/MMP-9 expression, proliferation, migration and tube formation in HUVECs. Mechanistic studies revealed that WA-25 significantly reduced the VEGF release by reducing VEGF expression at the mRNA and protein levels. In addition, WA-25 reduced surface VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2/Flk-1 expression by repressing the VEGFR2 mRNA level. Finally, an exogenous VEGF supply partially rescued the WA-25-induced angiogenesis blockage in vitro and in vivo. Conclusions: WA-25 is a potent angiogenesis inhibitor that acts through the down-regulation of VEGF and VEGFR2 in endothelial cells. General Significance: WA-25 may constitute a novel anti-angiogenic drug that acts by targeting endothelial VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling.

  11. The James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Nearby Galaxies Legacy Survey IX: $^{12}$CO $J=3\\to2$ Observations of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351

    Tan, Boon-Kok; Rigopoulou, D; Warren, B E; Wilson, C D; Attewell, D; Azimlu, M; Bendo, G J; Butner, H M; Brinks, E; Chanial, P; Clements, D L; Heesen, V; Israel, F; Knapen, J H; Matthews, H E; Mortier, A M J; Mühle,; Sánchez-Gallego, J R; Tilanus, R P J; Usero, A; van der Werf, P; Zhu, M

    2013-01-01

    We present $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} maps of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351 obtained with the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), both early targets of the JCMT Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey (NGLS). We combine the present observations with $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} data and find that the computed $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} to $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} line ratio ($R_{31}$) agrees with values measured in other NGLS field galaxies. We compute the M$_{\\rm{H_2}}$ value and find that it is robust against the value of $R_{31}$ used. Using \\textsc{Hi} data from the The \\textsc{Hi} Nearby Galaxy Survey (THINGS) survey, we find a tight correlation between surface density of H$_2$ and star formation rate density for NGC 3351 when $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} data are used. Finally, we compare the $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} intensity with the PAH 8 $\\mu$m surface brightness and find a good correlation in the high surface brightness regions. We extend this study to incl...

  12. Ophiopogonin D maintains Ca2+ homeostasis in rat cardiomyocytes in vitro by upregulating CYP2J3/EETs and suppressing ER stress

    You, Wen-ting; Zhou, Tao; Ma, Zeng-chun; Liang, Qian-de; Xiao, Cheng-rong; Tang, Xiang-lin; Tan, Hong-ling; Zhang, Bo-li; Wang, Yu-guang; Gao, Yue

    2016-01-01

    Aim: CYP2J3 in myocardium metabolizes arachidonic acid to 4 regioisomeric epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which have diverse biological activities in rat heart. In this study we examined whether CYP2J3 was involved in cardioprotective effects of ophiopogonin D (OPD), a steroidal glycoside isolated from Chinese herb Radix ophiopogonis. Methods: Rat cardiomyoblast cell line (H9c2 cells) was tested. Intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) were measured using Fluo-4/AM. The expression of calcium-regulating molecules and ER stress signaling molecules was measured with qRT-PCR and Western blot analyses. Cell apoptosis was quantified with Hoechst 33258 staining and TUNEL assay. The level of 14,15-DHET, a stable metabolite of 14,15-EET, was assessed with ELISA. Results: Angiotensin II (10−6 mol/L) significantly decreased the expression of calcium-regulating molecules (SERCA2a, PLB, RyR2 and FKBP12.6), and elevated [Ca2+]i in H9c2 cells. Furthermore, angiotensin II markedly increased the expression of ER stress signaling molecules (GRP78, CHOP, p-JNK and cleaved caspase-12) and ER stress-mediated apoptosis. OPD (100, 250 and 500 nmol/L) dose-dependently increased CYP2J3 expression and 14,15-DHET levels in normal H9c2 cells. Pretreatment of H9c2 cells with OPD suppressed angiotensin II-induced abnormalities in Ca2+ homeostasis, ER stress responses and apoptosis. Overexpression of CYP2J3 or addition of exogenous 14,15-EET also prevented angiotensin II-induced abnormalities in Ca2+ homeostasis, whereas transfection with CYP2J3 siRNA diminished the effects of OPD on Ca2+ homeostasis. Furthermore, the intracellular Ca2+ chelator BAPTA suppressed angiotensin II-induced ER stress responses and apoptosis in H9c2 cells. Conclusion: OPD is a novel CYP2J3 inducer that may offer a therapeutic benefit in treatment of cardiovascular diseases related to disturbance of Ca2+ homeostasis and ER stress. PMID:26838069

  13. Assessing Gravity Changes at Mt. Baker, WA, 1975-2006

    Hill, K. S.; Crider, J. G.; Williams-Jones, G.

    2006-12-01

    Significant micro-gravity changes have been detected at Mt. Baker, WA, from 1975-2006. Dynamic micro- gravity measurements were initiated by Steve Malone, Univ. of Washington, in March, 1975 in response to increased fumarolic activity and continued through 1981. Malone's unpublished data show that during this time, gravity decreased by 820 ?gal at the Crag View station on the southeastern flank. On the south rim of the crater, gravity decreased by 440 ?gal from 1975-1977 and increased by 220 ?gal from 1977- 1980. For this project, the Crag View and South Rim stations were reoccupied in summer 2005, and six new stations were established to be a baseline for future gravity surveys. This reoccupation of the Crag View and South Rim stations revealed maximum gravity increases of 610 and 1810 ?gal, respectively, since the previous surveys by Malone. Subsequent measurements made in 2006 confirm these findings, and errors ranged from 10-450 ?gal. Large closure errors result from long-distance transport of the gravimeter on foot. Reoccupation of the six stations established in 2005 one year later reveals almost no change at 5 of the 6 stations. At Railroad Grade station on the southern flank, a decrease of 1190 ?gal was observed that may be caused in part by the presence of a new, small body of water (~15 m3) near the gravity station and/or differences in the amount of snow present near the station. Mt. Baker's remote location and large extent of glacial ice limit the number of possible stations and increase instrumental error, limiting our ability to model gravity change. Simple spherical and cylindrical models were used to model the gravity change at the crater from 1977-2006. To account for this entire gravity change, an elevation decrease of 4.9 m, a mass increase of 1010 -1013 kg, or a density increase of up to 2.0 g/cm3 is necessary. Results of sensitivity analyses also indicate that effects from changes in snow cover and ice fluctuations could increase the observed gravity signal by as much as 125%. The observed change between 2005 and 2006 at Railroad Grade station suggests that effects from groundwater fluctuations could be significant.

  14. A Structural Analysis of the Lewiston Basin, Clarkston, WA

    Alloway, M.; Watkinson, A.; Reidel, S. P.

    2010-12-01

    The Lewiston Structure is located in southeastern Washington / west-central Idaho and is a generally E-W trending asymmetric, non-cylindrical anticline in the Columbia River Basalt Group (CRBG) that transfers displacement into the Limekiln fault system to the southeast. A serial cross-section analysis and 3-D construction of this structure shows how the fold varies along its trend and sheds light on the deformational history of the Lewiston Basin. Construction of the fold’s 3-D form shows that the fold’s wavelength increases and amplitude decreases eastward along its trend. Balanced cross-sections show approximately 5% shortening across the structure which is consistent with the Yakima Fold Belt (YFB). Although the structure is similar to the YFB, it does not form part of a belt and its local nature has been suggested to mark the cratonic boundary of the Cretaceous. Discovery of an angular unconformity in the Grande Ronde Basalt - reverse polarity unit 1 (GRB-R1) proves that the NE trending section of the fold was deforming during emplacement of R1 and allows separation of the fold into two structural domains. Analysis of the two domains using the Gauss method for heterogeneous fault-slip data indicate NW-SE shortening during R1 time and N-S shortening for post CRBG emplacement. Furthermore, slip data for strain-inversion and specification of spatial-distribution patterns help identify the existence of a transpressional tectonic environment. The nature of faulting associated with the Lewiston Structure is a topic of some debate, namely the presence of a reverse fault on the southern limb of the fold conspicuously hidden by the Snake River. The reverse fault under debate outcrops to the east of the field area and is GRB-R2 (reverse polarity unit 2) thrust over Pliocene gravels. Better control on unit thicknesses and map contacts rule out the possibility of a reverse fault exposed on the surface of the southern limb of the fold in the field area. This major fault dies out or becomes blind before reaching the ID-WA border and the conspicuous change in attitude from the north side of the river to the south is accommodated by an abrupt fold hinge beneath the river. Three-dimensional representation of how the structure varies along its trend, not to scale. A-A' crosses the location where the Snake River changes direction from E-W to S-N. G-G' was modified from Garwood and Bush (2005) and is outside of the field area.

  15. Zero degree calorimeter for CERN WA-98 experiment

    The Zero Degree Calorimeter (ZDC) used in WA-98 CERN experiment is described. The goal of the experiment is to study Pb-Pb interactions at the Pb beam energy of 157.7 · A GeV ≅ 32.8 TeV. ZDC is intended to measure the particle energy in the beam fragmentation region. ZDC consists of 35 identical modules arranging 7x5 matrix. The cross dimensions of the module are equal to 15x15 cm2. Each module contains 158 layers of Pb and scintillator tiles. The thickness of the Pb tile is 10 mm, that of the scintillator tile is 2.5 mm. The effective length of the module equals 9.4 λint. The scintillator tiles are made of granulated polystyrene with p-terphenyl and POPOP as the dopants by moulding under high pressure method. The scintillator is also doped with special stabilizer to increase its radiation hardness. The Wave Length Shifters (WLS) are used for the light collection. The WLS are made of lucite with the surface painted with kumarin-7. The length of WLS is 2.3 m, its thickness is 3 mm. To compensate the light absorption the thickness of the painted layer is varying along the WLS. Using this method the equivalent light attenuation length is obtained equal to about 10 m. FEU-84-3 are used as the PMTs. They have individual remote controlled power supplies based on specially developed addressed DAC IC and Cocroft-Walton generator. ZDC is equipped with the LED and nitrogen laser monitoring systems and absolute amplitude calibration system based on 239Pu α-source with the yttrium orthoaluminate crystal. Energy dependence of calorimeter resolution in the energy region 40 GeV through 32.8 TeV is described by the formula (47.6±1.1)%/√E[GeV]O+(1.94±0.20)%. The Measured value of the e/h ratio is equal to 1.02±0.01. 9 refs., 13 figs

  16. Verification of LOCA/ECCS analysis codes ALARM-B2 and THYDE-B1 by comparison with RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3

    For a verification study of ALARM-B2 code and THYDE-B1 code which are the component of the JAERI code system for evaluation of BWR ECCS performance, calculations for typical small and large break LOCA in BWR were done, and compared with those by RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code. This report describes the influences of differences between the analytical models incorporated in the individual code and the problems identified by this verification study. (author)

  17. Entre lapas: primera valoración de los restos de origen marino del yacimiento holoceno de J3 (Hondarribia, País Vasco

    ÁLVAREZ-FERNÁNDEZ, E., IRIARTE-CHIAPUSSO, M.J., ARRIZABALAGA, A., BARRERA-MELLADO, I., CARRIOL, R.P. ...

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los yacimientos prehistóricos más importantes documentados en la Sierra de Jaizkibel es J3. Situado a tan solo 200 m de la costa, en este abrigo se han excavado diferentes niveles arqueológicos datados a comienzos del Holoceno (Mesolítico. En los niveles B, C, D y F se documentaron enormes acumulaciones de conchas, lo que hace que el yacimiento sea considerado como un “conchero” estratificado. Calculamos que, en el sondeo realizado (ca. 1,5 m2, el número de restos podría alcanzar el medio millón. En este artículo presentamos los primeros datos sobre la explotación de recursos marinos procedentes de J3. Se ha estudiado una muestra del yacimiento. En los cuatro niveles la composición arqueofaunística es similar. Los restos más abundantes son las conchas de gasterópodos (casi exclusivamente lapas, Phorcus lineatus. También hay evidencias de crustáceos (placas de percebes y de balanos, de equinodermos (erizos y de peces (espáridos. La presencia de estos restos arqueofaunísticos en J3 indica que los grupos humanos marisqueaban diferentes animales marinos en la zona intermareal cercana al yacimiento.

  18. Ngugi wa Thiong'o's politics of language: commitment and complicity = A politica linguistica de Ngugi wa Thiong'o: comprometimento e cumplicidade.

    Ângela Lamas Rodrigues

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ngugi wa Thiong'o's politics of language has been controversially received by his critics, who tend to either overemphasize his revolutionary trajectory as an African writer or devalue his efforts to produce an African language-based literature. Through a historical and cultural analysis, the present work offers an alternative view of Ngugi treatment of the language question as a problematic, yet necessary, attempt to interrogate and alter his cultural alignments with European colonialism.A politica linguistica do escritor queniano Ngugi wa Thiong'o's e recebida de forma controversa pelos criticos, que tendem a superenfatizar sua trajetoria revolucionaria como escritor ou a depreciar seus esforcos para produzir obras literarias em linguasafricanas. A partir de uma analise historica e cultural, este ensaio oferece uma visao alternativa do tratamento dado por Ngugi a questao linguistica como uma tentativa problematica, porem necessaria, de interrogar e alterar suas aliancas culturais com o colonialismo europeu.

  19. Overview of satellite data for long-term monitoring in the Wadden Sea, WaLTER

    Davaasuren, N.; Stapel, J.; Dankers, N.M.J.A.

    2013-01-01

    One of the aims of the WaLTER project (Wadden Sea Long-Term Ecosystem Research) is to define an integrated monitoring plan for environmental and managerial issues that are relevant to the Wadden Sea area, in relation to issues such as sea-level rise, fisheries, recreation and industrial activities. The monitoring network should provide an effective basis for decision-making, and stimulate valid data interpretation. The participants of the WaLTER project include a number of institutes and orga...

  20. 77 FR 49857 - Early Scoping Notification for the Alternatives Analysis of the Tacoma Link Expansion in Tacoma, WA

    2012-08-17

    ... . ADDRESSES: Erin Hunter, Sound Transit, 401 S. Jackson St., Seattle, WA 98104-2826, or by email to erin.hunter@soundtransit.org . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: John Witmer, FTA Community Planner, Jackson Federal Building, 915 Second Avenue, Suite 3142, Seattle, WA 98174; Phone: (206) 220-7964; email:...

  1. 78 FR 7395 - Foreign-Trade Zone 129-Bellingham, WA; Notification of Proposed Production Activity; T.C. Trading...

    2013-02-01

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 129--Bellingham, WA; Notification of Proposed Production Activity; T.C. Trading Company, Inc. (Eyeglass Assembly and Kitting); Blaine, WA The Port of Bellingham, grantee of FTZ 129, submitted a notification of proposed production activity on behalf of T.C....

  2. A candidate packaging signal of human rotavirus differentiating Wa-like and DS-1-like genomic constellations.

    Suzuki, Yoshiyuki

    2015-09-01

    Rotavirus A (RVA) possesses a genome of 11 segmented RNAs. In human RVA, two major genomic constellations are represented by prototype strains Wa and DS-1. Here packaging signals differentiating Wa-like and DS-1-like genomic constellations were searched for by analyzing genomic sequences of Wa-like and DS-1-like strains. One pair of 11 nucleotide sites in the coding regions of viral structural protein (VP) 2 and VP6 was found to be complementary specifically among Wa-like strains. These sites tended to be free from base-pairing in secondary structures of genomic segments, suggesting that they may serve as a packaging signal in Wa-like strains. PMID:26224654

  3. CONTROL: the run control program used on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN

    The criteria are described which have been used in the design of CONTROL, a program in the WA62 VAX Native mode data acquisition system which serves the triple purpose of driving a status display, an operator's console and a message reporter. (U.K.)

  4. 76 FR 73666 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA

    2011-11-29

    ... Instructional Leadership, Puyallup School District, Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, 302 2nd Street SE...), a relationship of shared group identity cannot be reasonably traced between the Native American... Fox, Director of Instructional Leadership, Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA,...

  5. 78 FR 38829 - Special Local Regulations; Seattle Seafair Hydroplane Race, Lake Washington, WA

    2013-06-28

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 Special Local Regulations; Seattle Seafair Hydroplane Race, Lake... Guard will enforce the Seattle Seafair Unlimited Hydroplane Race Special Local Regulation on Lake Washington, WA from 8 a.m. on August 2, 2013, through 11:59 p.m. on August 4, 2013, during hydroplane...

  6. 75 FR 61609 - Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA

    2010-10-06

    ... controlled airspace at Deer Park, WA (75 FR 41774). Interested parties were invited to participate in this...'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does not warrant... follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963...

  7. 75 FR 45055 - Security Zone; 2010 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    2010-08-02

    ... Vessels, Puget Sound, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The U.S. Coast... vessels while underway in the Puget Sound Captain of the Port (COTP) Area of Responsibility (AOR). These... remaining in the security zones unless authorized by the COTP, Puget Sound or Designated...

  8. 77 FR 44475 - Security Zones; Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    2012-07-30

    ... Vessels, Puget Sound, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY... Anthony P. LaBoy, Sector Puget Sound, Waterways Management Division, U.S. Coast Guard; telephone 206-217-6323, email SectorPugetSoundWWM@uscg.mil . If you have questions on viewing the docket, call Renee...

  9. WA84 experiment: A beauty search with a scintillating-fibre microvertex detector

    This paper gives a review of the physics aims of the fixed-target experiment WA84, currently being conducted at CERN, and of the methods used. The operation and performance of the scintillating-fibre microvertex detector are described. (orig.)

  10. 78 FR 12234 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA

    2013-02-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 110 RIN 1625-AA01 Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA Correction In rule document 2013-03121, appearing on pages 9811-9814 in the issue of Tuesday, February...

  11. 78 FR 25693 - Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest; Snohomish County, WA; Green Mountain Lookout Removal

    2013-05-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest; Snohomish County, WA; Green Mountain Lookout Removal... Plan (Forest Plan), Archaeology Forest-wide Standards and Guidelines, p. 4-99). Proposed Action The...

  12. Draft Genome Sequence of Purine-Degrading Gottschalkia purinilyticum (Formerly Clostridium purinilyticum) WA1 (DSM 1384)

    Poehlein, Anja; Bengelsdorf, Frank R.; Schiel-Bengelsdorf, Bettina; Daniel, Rolf

    2015-01-01

    Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Gottschalkia purinilyticum (formerly Clostridium purinilyticum) WA1, an anaerobic bacterium specialized on degradation of purines (including adenine) and glycine, which uses the selenoprotein glycine reductase for substrate degradation. The genome consists of a single chromosome (3.40 Mb). PMID:26404607

  13. 76 FR 73664 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA

    2011-11-29

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology... University, Museum of Anthropology (WSU) has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary... Collins, Director, Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA 99164-4910,...

  14. 76 FR 28073 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA

    2011-05-13

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University... the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA. The human remains and... made by the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University professional staff in...

  15. 78 FR 78379 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA

    2013-12-26

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Museum of Anthropology... the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University. If no additional requestors come...

  16. 76 FR 28076 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA...

    2011-05-13

    ... FR 41883- 41884, July 19, 2010). After repatriation and reburial, a re-evaluation of inventory... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University... were in possession of the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA. The...

  17. 77 FR 23507 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA

    2012-04-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Museum of Anthropology... culturally affiliated with the human remains may contact the Museum of Anthropology at Washington...

  18. 75 FR 41883 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University Pullman, WA

    2010-07-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University... and control of the Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA. The human remains... in this notice. A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Museum of...

  19. Yearly progress report on WA105/ProtoDUNE dual phase (2016)

    Balik, G

    2016-01-01

    WA105 aims at fully demonstrating the concept of a very large dual phase LAr TPC and calibrating it with a charged particles test beam. In this document we report the status of the construction and the general progress of the experiment.

  20. Determination of the event centrality in the WA97 and NA57 experiments

    The procedure employed by the WA97 and NA57 experiments to determine the number of wounded nucleons in different Pb+Pb centrality classes is discussed. We will also compare different centrality scales and their influence on the measurement of the centrality dependence of strange particle yields. (author)

  1. Determination of the event centrality in the WA97 and NA57 experiments

    Carrer, N; Badalà, A; Barbera, R; Beusch, Werner; Bloodworth, Ian J; Bruno, G; Caliandro, R; Campbell, M; Cantatore, E; Carena, W; De Haas, A P; Di Bari, D; Di Liberto, S; Divià, R; Elia, D; Evans, D; Fanebust, K; Fayazzadeh, F; Fedorisin, J; Feofilov, G A; Fini, R A; Ftácnik, J; Ghidini, B; Grella, G; Gulino, M; Helstrup, H; Henriquez, M; Holme, A K; Huss, D; Jacholkowski, A; Jones, G T; Jovanovic, P; Jusko, A; Kamermans, R; Kinson, J B; Klempt, W; Knudson, K; Kolojvari, A A; Kondratev, V A; Králik, I; Kuijer, P; Lenti, V; Lietava, R; Løvhøiden, G; Lupták, M; Manzari, V; Martinská, G; Mazzoni, M A; Meddi, F; Michalon, A; Michalon-Mentzer, M E; Morando, M; Muigg, D; Nappi, E; Navach, F; Norman, P I; Palmeri, A; Pappalardo, G S; Pastircák, B; Pisút, J; Pisútová, N; Posa, F; Quercigh, Emanuele; Riggi, F; Röhrich, D; Romano, G; Safarík, K; Sándor, L; Schillings, E; Segato, G F; Sené, M; Sené, R; Snoeys, W; Staroba, P; Thompson, M; Torrieri, G D; Tulina, T A; Turrisi, R; Tveter, T S; Urbán, J; Valiev, F F; Van den Brink, A; Van de Ven, P; Van de Vyvre, P; van Eijndhoven, N; Vannucci, Luigi; Vascotto, Alessandro; Vik, T; Villalobos Baillie, O; Vinogradov, L I; Virgili, T; Votruba, M F; Vrláková, J; Závada, P

    2001-01-01

    The procedure employed by the WA97 and NA57 experiments to determine the number of wounded nucleons in different Pb+Pb centrality classes is discussed. We will also compare different centrality scales and their influence on the measurement of the centrality dependence of strange particle yields. (14 refs).

  2. SUMMARY OF FERTILITY CHARACTERISTICS OF THE USDA GARLIC COLLECTION WHEN GROWN IN PULLMAN, WA

    The USDA garlic (Allium sativum and Allium longicuspis) collection is maintained at the ARS, Western Regional Plant Introduction Station (WRPIS) in Pullman, WA. This collection comprises 269 accessions of which 153 are hardneck (flower producing) types. The fertility characteristics of these ac...

  3. 77 FR 48535 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    2012-08-14

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks... Parks and Recreation Commission and the Sacajawea State Park. The human remains were removed from...

  4. 78 FR 13887 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    2013-03-01

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks... Parks and Recreation Commission. The human remains were removed from Deception Pass State Park,...

  5. 77 FR 21868 - Safety Zone; Marina Salvage, Bellingham Bay, Bellingham, WA

    2012-04-12

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Marina Salvage, Bellingham Bay, Bellingham... safety zone in and around the Squalicum Harbor Marina, located in Bellingham, WA. This action is... by a marina fire, which produced sunken vessels, and requires emergency salvage operations. Under 5...

  6. 75 FR 41774 - Proposed Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA

    2010-07-19

    ... Executive Order 12866; (2) is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR... continues to read as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3...; Deer Park, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed...

  7. Lech Wałęsa - kangelane või reetur? / Zygmunt Dzieciolowski ; intervjueerinud Taavi Minnik

    Dzieciolowski, Zygmunt

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu Poola politoloogi ja ajakirjaniku Zygmunt Dzieciolowskiga Solidaarsuse liikumise juhi Lech Wałęsa elu tumedatest varjudest, käimasolevast skandaalist seoses tema sidemetega kommunistliku režiimi salapolitsei SBga ning kohast Poola ühiskonnas ja ajaloos

  8. The Utility of the Lambert Function W[a exp(a - bt)] in Chemical Kinetics

    Williams, Brian Wesley

    2010-01-01

    The mathematical Lambert function W[a exp(a - bt)] is used to find integrated rate laws for several examples, including simple enzyme and Lindemann-Christiansen-Hinshelwood (LCH) unimolecular decay kinetics. The results derived here for the well-known LCH mechanism as well as for a dimer-monomer reaction mechanism appear to be novel. A nonlinear…

  9. Water Accounting Plus (WA+) - a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    Karimi, P.; Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Molden, D.

    2013-07-01

    Coping with water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links depletion to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper, we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+), which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use and landscape evapotranspiration on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. WA+ presents four sheets including (i) a resource base sheet, (ii) an evapotranspiration sheet, (iii) a productivity sheet, and (iv) a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarise the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g., climate change) and internal influences (e.g., infrastructure building) can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used to acquire a vast amount of required data but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

  10. Water Accounting Plus (WA+) - a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    Karimi, P.; Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Molden, D.

    2012-11-01

    Coping with the issue of water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links hydrological flows to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+), which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. Analogous to financial accounting, WA+ presents four sheets including (i) a resource base sheet, (ii) a consumption sheet, (iii) a productivity sheet, and (iv) a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarize the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g. climate change) and internal influences (e.g. infrastructure building) can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used for 3 out of the 4 sheets, but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

  11. Data from SILAC-based quantitative analysis of lysates from mouse microglial cells treated with Withaferin A (WA).

    Narayan, Malathi; Seeley, Kent W; Jinwal, Umesh K

    2016-06-01

    Mass spectrometry data collected in a study analyzing the effect of withaferin A (WA) on a mouse microglial (N9) cell line is presented in this article. Data was collected from SILAC-based quantitative analysis of lysates from mouse microglial cells treated with either WA or DMSO vehicle control. This article reports all the proteins that were identified in this analysis. The data presented here is related to the published research article on the effect of WA on the differential regulation of proteins in mouse microglial cells [1]. Mass spectrometry data has also been deposited in the ProteomeXchange with the identifier PXD003032. PMID:27054189

  12. A best estimate analysis of LOFT L3-6/L8-1 by RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3

    Thermal-hydraulic analysis of LOCE L3-6/L8-1, which is the one of loss-of-coolant experiments (LOCEs) in the loss-of-fluid test (LOFT) facility, was performed by using RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3. Main purpose of the analysis is to assess the capability of the RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code upon the analysis of a small break LOCA in a PWR. The code calculated the thermal-hydraulic behavior in the primary and secondary systems. Calculated results showed good agreement with measured data about break flow, pressure and temperature of the primary system and fluid densities in the intact loop, but the behavior of broken loop and steam generator secondary system were not calculated well. In the course of this analysis, some improvements were found to be necessary on the modeling of pump degradation and coast down, steam generator and stagnant fluid in the broken loop. (author)

  13. Peculiarities occurrence and microstrip gas chambers studied through experiment WA97; La production d`etrangete et les chambres gazeuses a micropistes dans le cadre de l`experience WA97

    Kachelhoffer, T.

    1995-04-01

    This paper presents the studies on development of a Monte-Carlo type generator used for inclusive production of odd baryons and antibaryons through proton- proton and proton- nucleus collisions. Experiment WA97 consisted in designing simulation software for MSGCs (Micro-strips Gas Chambers) as well as the redefining of particle paths with the help of these chambers. This work made it possible to design the MSGC detector for experiment WA97. (TEC). 71 refs., 88 figs.

  14. 75 FR 5626 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA INT-DES...

    2010-02-03

    ... of Reclamation (Reclamation) published a notice in the Federal Register on April 8, 2009 (74 FR 16007... County, WA INT-DES 10-03 AGENCY: Bureau of Reclamation, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Availability of...

  15. 77 FR 58533 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the W.A. Parish Post...

    2012-09-21

    ... Environmental Impact Statement for the W.A. Parish Post-Combustion Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture and... financial assistance under the Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) program. DOE's proposed action is...

  16. 77 FR 56611 - Foreign-Trade Zone 216-Olympia, WA; Authorization of Production Activity; Callisons, Inc. (Mint...

    2012-09-13

    ...), including notice in the Federal Register inviting public comment (77 FR 28568, 5-15-2012). The FTZ Board has...; Callisons, Inc. (Mint Products); Lacey and Chehalis, WA On May 10, 2012, the Port of Olympia, grantee of...

  17. Human rheumatoid factor crossidiotypes. I. WA and BLA are heat-labile conformational antigens requiring both heavy and light chains

    1986-01-01

    Evidence was obtained that both the WA and BLA crossidiotype (XId) groups are conformational antigens requiring both L and H chains and that with heat denaturation the antigens that define the XIds and antigen-binding activity are lost in parallel. In contrast, the primary structure-dependent crossreactive idiotype (CRI), PSL2, which is only weakly detected on native Wa and Bla monoclonal rheumatoid factors (mRFs), became prominently detected on the heated Wa and Bla mRFs. Heat denaturation may provide a simple method for distinguishing Ids determined by conformational antigen from primary structure-dependent Ids. In addition to heat denaturation, some acid conditions commonly used for preparation of RFs were also found to cause marked loss of Id antigen. The finding of PSL2-CRI on Bla mRF indicates that this Id is not unique to the WA XId. PMID:3095482

  18. Wa Wa We Wa! / Siim Nestor

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Briti koomik Sacha Baron Cohen ja tema loodud peategelasega film "Borat - kultuurialased õppetunnid Ameerikast abiks suursuguse Kasahstani riigi ülesehitamisel", režissöör Larry Charles : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2006. Lisaks "Seigad Coheni elust"

  19. Pra Na Wa Ka: The Development of Training Course for Continuing Buddhism

    Phra M.P. Romphothanthong; Wisanee Siltragool; Anchalee Chantapo

    2012-01-01

    Problem statement: Buddhism is a religion that requires meditation, practice, intellectual precepts of the threefold-training such as morality, concentration and wisdom. The purpose of practicing Buddhism is the goal of deliverance through attaining knowledge and wisdom. The Pra Na Wa Ka are newly ordained monks and needed to study both of the scriptures and the practice for appreciating understanding in morality, concentration and wisdom. A training model and guidelines are needed to improve...

  20. WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation: Analysis and applications

    We introduce the concept of conformal spin gradation of the untwisted affine Lie superalgebra A-circumflex(n -1 modul n - 1)(1) to study the WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation. We show that the essential of A-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) may be read from the conformal spin gradation of the canonical vector basis of the SL(n modul n) vector representation space V2n and a spectral parameter ?. We give the generic formula of their conformal spin weights. Then, we set up the fundamentals of a manifestly N = 2 U(1) Lax formalism leading to a manifestly N = 2 WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation. Its explicit form is obtained and is shown to have a similar structure as in the N = 0 case. Both N = 0 WA-circumflex(n - 1)(1) and N = 2 WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformations involve (n - 1) N = 0 and N = 2 conserved currents with integer conformal spins. The leading cases are discussed. Using the U(1) charge of the N = 2 algebra, we develop also a new method of constructing N = 2 superfield realizations of the N = 2 higher spin supercurrents. Among other results, we find that in general there are three series of (n - 1) higher conformal spin N = 2 supercurrents. The usual N = 2 super W currents are the only hermitian ones. At the n = 3 level, we find a new Feigin Fuchs type extension of the conformal spin one N = 2 supercurrent. Such a feature, which has no analogue at the n = 2 level, is also present for n>3. Finally, we give the N = 2 superfield formulation of the N = 2 Boussinesq equation and its generalization involving complex N = 2 supercurrents. (author). 27 refs

  1. Study of charged particle production using Omega RICH in WA94 experiment

    We present preliminary results about charged particle production in S-S collisions at 200GeV/c per nucleon, obtained by WA94 experiment at CERN-SPS. The particle identification has been provided by the Omega RICH; a silicon telescope and an array of multiwire proportional chambers (MWPC) have been used to track particles to the RICH detector. Details about particle tracking and identification procedure are also reported. (orig.)

  2. Proposal for a Performance Dashboard for the Monitoringof Water and Sewage Service Companies (WaSCs)

    Franceschini, Fiorenzo

    2012-01-01

    The water and sewage industry provides an essential service to the community, but it is characterized by natural monopoly tendencies of service suppliers. In this framework, it is very important to assist regulators with a small set of critical indicators (performance dashboard) for the evaluation and monitoring of the service provided by Water and Sewage Companies (WaSCs). The paper originates from the analysis of situation of Piemonte (Italy), where each regional and local body adopts a pro...

  3. Elements of Orality in Ngugi Wa Thiong ’o ’s Wizard of the Crow

    Osaaji, Mumia Geoffrey

    2011-01-01

    Many African writers have turned to oral literature for inspiration. In this paper, I examine Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s novel Wizard of the Crow and explain the stylistic (aesthetic) and didactic significance of its oral features. Some of the features of orality that I have identified include oral dialogue between characters, stylistic allusions and digressions, embedded oral narratives, proverbs, riddles, magic realism and the polyphony of narrative voices. Orality adds local flavour and realism t...

  4. Voicing Oppression : A Rhetorical Reading of Ngugi wa Thiong'o's Devil on the Cross

    Elma, Sandra

    2010-01-01

    Abstract This essay focuses on how taking a rhetorical approach to Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s Devil on the Cross facilitates both the understanding of its theme of oppression and its stylistic peculiarities. Content and form are intricately linked and in order to wholly understand the text, attention must be drawn to how it is written, why it was written and the effect of this composition. Lloyd Bitzer’s concept of the rhetorical situation is used as a framework for my discussion to further highligh...

  5. State of project and conceptual design work on the WA-350 reprocessing facility

    Within the integrated waste management concept, according to decisions made by government heads of the Federal Government and of the States, construction and operation of a 350-t-U-reprocessing plant is urgently necessary for the maintaining and for further development of the reprocessing technology. Provided that the construction of a WA 350 can be begun in the year 1984, this plant might make its contribution to meet the energy demand from 1993 on. The plant concept, the safety-technical design of the plant and the time table of its construction are explained. (orig./RB)

  6. Corrosion Properties of Duplex Stainless Steels - STS329LD and STS329J3L - for the Seawater Systems in Nuclear Power Plant

    Lean duplex stainless steels have been developed in Korea for the purpose of being used in the seawater systems of industry. There are also many important seawater systems in nuclear power plants. These systems supply seawater to cooling water condenser tubes, heat exchanger tubes, related pipes and chlorine injection systems. The flow velocity of some part of seawater systems in nuclear power plants is high and damages of components from corrosion are severe. The considered lean duplex stainless steels are STS329LD (20.3Cr-2.2Ni-1.4Mo) and STS329J3L (22.4Cr-5.7Ni-3Mo) and PRENs of them are 29.4 and 37.3 respectively. Physical, mechanical and micro-structural properties of them are evaluated, and electrochemical corrosion resistance is measured quantitatively in NaCl solution. Critical Pitting Temperatures (CPT)s are measured on these alloys and pit depths are evaluated using laser microscope. Long period field tests on these alloys are now being performed, and some results are going to be presented in the following study

  7. 12CO(J=2->1) and CO(J=3->2) observations of Virgo Cluster spiral galaxies with the KOSMA telescope global properties

    Hafok, H

    2003-01-01

    We present 12CO(J=2->1) and CO(J=3->2) observations of quiescent Virgo Cluster spiral galaxies with the KOSMA 3m submm telescope. The beam sizes of 80" at 345 GHz and 120" at 230 GHz are well suited for the investigation of global properties of Virgo Cluster galaxies. The observed sample was selected based on previous 12CO(J=1->0) detections by Stark et al. (1986), performed with the AT&T Bell Laboratory 7m telescope (beam size 100"). We were able to detect 18 spiral galaxies in 12CO(2->1) and 16 in 12CO(3->2). Beam matched observations of the lowest three 12CO transitions allow us to compare our results with previous high spatial resolution studies of (moderate) starburst galaxies and galactic core regions. We discuss the global excitation conditions of the ISM in these quiescent spiral galaxies. The resulting CO (3--2)/(1--0) integrated line ratios vary over a relatively narrow range of values from 0.35 to 0.14 (on a K km/s-scale) with increasing CO (2--1)/(1--0) ratio (from 0.5 to 1.1). The line ratios...

  8. Wa re o Bona e Hlotša, wa e Nametša Thaba! Bibele, Basadi ba Maafrika ba Afrika-Borwa le HIV le AIDS

    Madipoane Masenya(ngwan’a Mphahlele

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The question of the history of the reception of the Christian Bible in South Africa particularly by African- South Africans has not been a smooth ride. It was part of a bigger package that included among others, the importation of European patriarchy onto African soil, the land grabbing exercise which resulted in among others, the impoverishment of African peoples and, the emasculation of the African man. The latter in turn led to the intensification of patriarchy within the average African family. The preceding situation, was not helpful to the context and/or situation of African women who were already then, at the bottom of the patriarchal ladder, because, as can be expected, within the context of the Black church and theology then, little if any except for a handful of liberation theologians and members of some ecumenical bodies, was done to make the theology propagated then, relevant to pertinent issues which affected the lives of Black people.Given the historical marginalisation of women in the Bible and Theology, not only in South Africa, but also globally, it becomes obvious that even in our context, mainstream theology and biblical hermeneutics left issues pertaining to gender justice basically untouched. It is no wonder, as we will argue in this paper, that given that already vulnerable situation into which African women have been thrown into by the preceding factors as well as by how the Bible continues to be used in our HIV and AIDS contexts, their situation may be succinctly captured as that of a limping animal that has been made to climb the mountain! The Northern Sotho proverb or saying: Wa re o bona e hlotša, wa e nametša thaba (while limping, you let it climb the mountain simply means that a certain situation is being aggravated (by an external factor. The present article will use the preceding proverb as a hermeneutical lens through which to analyse the reception of the Bible by African women in the HIV and AIDS context of South Africa.

  9. Flow analysis with WaSiM-ETH – model parameter sensitivity at different scales

    J. Cullmann

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available WaSiM-ETH (Gurtz et al., 2001, a widely used water balance simulation model, is tested for its suitability to serve for flow analysis in the context of rainfall runoff modelling and flood forecasting. In this paper, special focus is on the resolution of the process domain in space as well as in time. We try to couple model runs with different calculation time steps in order to reduce the effort arising from calculating the whole flow hydrograph at the hourly time step. We aim at modelling on the daily time step for water balance purposes, switching to the hourly time step whenever high-resolution information is necessary (flood forecasting. WaSiM-ETH is used at different grid resolutions, thus we try to become clear about being able to transfer the model in spatial resolution. We further use two different approaches for the overland flow time calculation within the sub-basins of the test watershed to gain insights about the process dynamics portrayed by the model. Our findings indicate that the model is very sensitive to time and space resolution and cannot be transferred across scales without recalibration.

  10. Gigabit Access Passive Optical Network Using Wavelength Division Multiplexing—GigaWaM

    Iglesias Olmedo, Miguel; Suhr, Lau; Prince, Kamau; Rodes, Roberto; Mikkelsen, Christian Ingemann; Hviid, Erling; Neumeyr, Christian; Vollrath, Gunther; Goobar, Edgard; Ohlen, Peter; Tafur Monroy, Idelfonso

    2014-01-01

    This paper summarizes the research and technical achievements done under the EU project GigaWaM. The goal of this project was to develop a cost-effective solution that can meet the increasing bandwidth demands in access networks. The approach was to use a novel wavelength division multiplexing pa......-effective, flexible, and upgradable WDM-PON solution, achieving per-user datarates of 2.5 and 10 Gb/s for up and downstream, respectively. The proposed solution is not only suitable for access networks, but also for metro aggregation and mobile backhaul.......This paper summarizes the research and technical achievements done under the EU project GigaWaM. The goal of this project was to develop a cost-effective solution that can meet the increasing bandwidth demands in access networks. The approach was to use a novel wavelength division multiplexing...... transceivers, athermal 50 GHz spaced arrayed waveguide grating multiplexer devices, novel hybridization technologies for integration of passive and active electro-optic devices, and system-level algorithms that ensure the quality of service. The outcome of the project proved a reliable, cost...

  11. Results from CERN WA97/NA57 experiment on strange baryon production in Pb-Pb collisions

    Fini, R A

    2003-01-01

    The CERN WA97 and NA57 experiments have been designed to study strange and multistrange particle production in Pb-Pb interactions at SPS energies. The strange baryon and antibaryon enhancements in Pb-Pb with respect to proton induced reactions, first observed by WA97 at 160 A GeV/c beam momentum, nicely fit with the expectations for the formation of a deconfined state of matter in relativistic heavy ion collisions. The results on the experimental program performed by its successor, NA57, to investigate the onset of deconfinement are presented. (5 refs).

  12. AFSC/NMML/CCEP: California Current Ecosystem Program and Cascadia Research Collective: Aerial and small boat line transect data in waters of OR/WA/BC from 1989, 1990, 1991, 1996, 1997, 2002, and 2003

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Marine Mammal Laboratory (NMML) a division of NOAA's Alaska Fisheries Science Center (Seattle, WA) and Cascadia Research Collective (Olympia, WA)...

  13. 78 FR 7265 - Security Zone; Protection of Military Cargo, Captain of the Port Zone Puget Sound, WA

    2013-02-01

    ... assets and military cargo in the navigable waters of Puget Sound to and adjacent waters. (See 69 FR 52600... Puget Sound, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The... military cargo in the navigable waters of Puget Sound and adjacent waters. Entry into this zone...

  14. 78 FR 11981 - Security Zone; Protection of Military Cargo, Captain of the Port Zone Puget Sound, WA

    2013-02-21

    ... of Puget Sound and adjacent waters. (See 69 FR 52600, Aug. 27, 2004). When activated, this regulation... Puget Sound, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The... military cargo in the navigable waters of Puget Sound and adjacent waters. Entry into this zone...

  15. JNES's Activities in the Extra-budgetary Programme of the International Seismic Safety Centre: WA1 Seismic Hazard

    Issues in design basis ground motion development, the study items of Work Area 1 of IAEA/ISSC/EBP, and JNES's contributions were explained. It was also noted that the discussions and resolutions of this WS would be summarized in a technical document as task 1.4 of WA1. (author)

  16. 75 FR 5941 - Umatilla National Forest, Walla Walla Ranger District, Walla Walla, WA; Cobbler II Timber Sale...

    2010-02-05

    ... where visual quality is a concern, mainly along Forest Road (FR) 62. Road Management--To accomplish... Forest Service Umatilla National Forest, Walla Walla Ranger District, Walla Walla, WA; Cobbler II Timber... approximately 34,000 acres in size. Proposed project activities consist of commercial timber harvest,...

  17. 75 FR 17402 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application...

    2010-04-06

    ... Federal Power Act (FPA), proposing to study the feasibility of the Admiralty Inlet Tidal Energy Project to... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice...

  18. 78 FR 34552 - Modification of Class D and Class E Airspace and Establishment of Class E Airspace; Pasco, WA

    2013-06-10

    ... establish Class E surface airspace and modify Class D and E airspace at Pasco, WA (78 FR 18259). Interested... extension to Class D surface area. This improves the safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR... 12866; (2) is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR...

  19. 78 FR 22911 - Delta Air Lines, Inc., Reservation Sales and Customer Care Call Center, Seatac, WA; Delta Air...

    2013-04-17

    ... Employment and Training Administration Delta Air Lines, Inc., Reservation Sales and Customer Care Call Center, Seatac, WA; Delta Air Lines, Inc., Reservation Sales and Customer Care Call Center, Sioux City, IA... workers and former workers of Delta Air Lines, Inc., Reservation Sales and Customer Care Call...

  20. Wanjiru's search for self in Ngugi wa Thiong'o's "Minutes of glory"

    O. G. Mordaunt

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with Ngugi wa Thiong'o's portrayal of the protagonist in his short story "Minutes of Glory". Wanjiru finds herself trapped in an urban setting and is a victim of her situation and low self-esteem. The story is a poignant and touching study of this young woman who is battling with an identity problem and is seeking acceptance in a post-independence setting where women are exploited by men of the New Africa elite. She is regarded as "a wounded bird in flight: a forced landing now and then but nevertheless wobbling from place to place ..." The story affirms female self-realization rather than perpetual self-alienation, and that validates the persistence in attaining her desired goal.

  1. Measurements of Turbulence at Two Tidal Energy Sites in Puget Sound, WA

    Thomson, Jim; Polagye, Brian; Durgesh, Vibhav; Richmond, Marshall C.

    2012-06-05

    Field measurements of turbulence are pre- sented from two sites in Puget Sound, WA (USA) that are proposed for electrical power generation using tidal current turbines. Rapidly sampled data from multiple acoustic Doppler instruments are analyzed to obtain statistical mea- sures of fluctuations in both the magnitude and direction of the tidal currents. The resulting turbulence intensities (i.e., the turbulent velocity fluctuations normalized by the harmonic tidal currents) are typically 10% at the hub- heights (i.e., the relevant depth bin) of the proposed turbines. Length and time scales of the turbulence are also analyzed. Large-scale, anisotropic eddies dominate the energy spectra, which may be the result of proximity to headlands at each site. At small scales, an isotropic turbulent cascade is observed and used to estimate the dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy. Data quality and sampling parameters are discussed, with an emphasis on the removal of Doppler noise from turbulence statistics.

  2. WA92: a fixed target experiment to trigger on and identify beauty particle decays

    We describe the detectors and trigger system used in the CERN WA92 experiment. The experiment was designed to study the production and decay of beauty particles from 350 GeV/c ?- interactions in copper and tungsten targets. Charged particle tracking is performed using the omega spectrometer. Silicon microstrip detectors are used to provide precise tracking information in the region of the production and the decay of heavy-flavoured particles and to trigger on the resulting high impact parameter tracks. The precision of vertex reconstruction corresponds to ±3.7% of the mean B-decay proper lifetime. Lepton and high transverse momentum hadron signals are also used in the trigger, which accepts 29% of B-decays and rejects 98% of non-beauty interactions. (orig.)

  3. Inactivation of Adenovirus Type 5, Rotavirus WA and Male Specific Coliphage (MS2 in Biosolids by Lime Stabilization

    Aaron B. Margolin

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The use of lime to reduce or eliminate pathogen content is a cost-effective treatment currently employed in many Class B biosolids production plants in the United States. A bench scale model of lime stabilization was designed to evaluate the survival of adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and the male specific bacteriophage, MS2, in various matrices. Each virus was initially evaluated independently in a reverse osmosis treated water matrix limed with an aqueous solution of calcium hydroxide for 24-hr at 22 ± 5°C. In all R/O water trials, adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa and MS2 were below detectable levels (<100.5 TCID50/mL and <1 PFU/mL respectively following 0.1-hr of liming. Adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and MS2, were inoculated into composted, raw and previously limed matrices, representative of sludge and biosolids, to achieve a final concentration of approximately 104 PFU or TCID50/mL. Each matrix was limed for 24-hr at 22 ± 5°C and 4 ± 2°C. In all trials virus was below detectable levels following a 24-hr incubation. The time required for viral inactivation varied depending on the temperature and sample matrix. This research demonstrates reduction of adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and male-specific bacteriophage, in water, sludge and biosolids matrices following addition of an 8% calcium hydroxide slurry to achieve a pH of 12 for 2-hr reduced to 11.5 for 22-hr by addition of 0.1 N HCl. In these trials, MS2 was a conservative indicator of the efficacy of lime stabilization of adenovirus Type 5 and rotavirus Wa and therefore is proposed as a useful indicator organism.

  4. Water Accounting Plus (WA+ – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    D. Molden

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Coping with the issue of water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links hydrological flows to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+, which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. Analogous to financial accounting, WA+ presents four sheets including (i a resource base sheet, (ii a consumption sheet, (iii a productivity sheet, and (iv a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarize the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g. climate change and internal influences (e.g. infrastructure building can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used for 3 out of the 4 sheets, but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

  5. Water Accounting Plus (WA+ – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    P. Karimi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Coping with water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links depletion to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper, we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+, which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use and landscape evapotranspiration on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. WA+ presents four sheets including (i a resource base sheet, (ii an evapotranspiration sheet, (iii a productivity sheet, and (iv a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarise the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g., climate change and internal influences (e.g., infrastructure building can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used to acquire a vast amount of required data but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

  6. SOURCE IDENTIFICATION OF PM2.5 IN AN ARID NORTHWEST U.S. CITY BY POSITIVE MATRIX FACTORIZATION. (R827355C008)

    Spokane, WA is prone to frequent particulate pollution episodes due to dust storms, biomass burning, and periods of stagnant meteorological conditions. Spokane is the location of a long-term study examining the association between health effects and chemical or physical consti...

  7. Summary of surface-water-quality data collected for the Northern Rockies Intermontane Basins National Water-Quality Assessment Program in the Clark Fork-Pend Oreille and Spokane River basins, Montana, Idaho, and Washington, water years 1999-2001

    Beckwith, Michael A.

    2003-01-01

    Water-quality samples were collected at 10 sites in the Clark Fork-Pend Oreille and Spokane River Basins in water years 1999 – 2001 as part of the Northern Rockies Intermontane Basins (NROK) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. Sampling sites were located in varied environments ranging from small streams and rivers in forested, mountainous headwater areas to large rivers draining diverse landscapes. Two sampling sites were located immediately downstream from the large lakes; five sites were located downstream from large-scale historical mining and oreprocessing areas, which are now the two largest “Superfund” (environmental remediation) sites in the Nation. Samples were collected during a wide range of streamflow conditions, more frequently during increasing and high streamflow and less frequently during receding and base-flow conditions. Sample analyses emphasized major ions, nutrients, and selected trace elements. Streamflow during the study ranged from more than 130 percent of the long-term average in 1999 at some sites to 40 percent of the long-term average in 2001. River and stream water in the study area exhibited small values for specific conductance, hardness, alkalinity, and dissolved solids. Dissolved oxygen concentrations in almost all samples were near saturation. Median total nitrogen and total phosphorus concentrations in samples from most sites were smaller than median concentrations reported for many national programs and other NAWQA Program study areas. The only exceptions were two sites downstream from large wastewater-treatment facilities, where median concentrations of total nitrogen exceeded the national median. Maximum concentrations of total phosphorus in samples from six sites exceeded the 0.1 milligram per liter threshold recommended for limiting nuisance aquatic growth. Concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead, mercury, and zinc were largest in samples from sites downstream from historical mining and ore-processing areas in the upper Clark Fork in Montana and the South Fork Coeur d’Alene River in Idaho. Concentrations of dissolved lead in all 32 samples from the South Fork Coeur d’Alene River exceeded the Idaho chronic criterion for the protection of aquatic life at the median hardness level measured during the study. Concentrations of dissolved zinc in all samples collected at this site exceeded both the chronic and acute criteria at all hardness levels measured. When all data from all NROK sites were combined, median concentrations of dissolved arsenic, dissolved and total recoverable copper, total recoverable lead, and total recoverable zinc in the NROK study area appeared to be similar to or slightly smaller than median concentrations at sites in other NAWQA Program study areas in the Western United States affected by historical mining activities. Although the NROK median total recoverable lead concentration was the smallest among the three Western study areas compared, concentrations in several NROK samples were an order of magnitude larger than the maximum concentrations measured in the Upper Colorado River and Great Salt Lake Basins. Dissolved cadmium, dissolved lead, and total recoverable zinc concentrations at NROK sites were more variable than in the other study areas; concentrations ranged over almost three orders of magnitude between minimum and maximum values; the range of dissolved zinc concentrations in the NROK study area exceeded three orders of magnitude.

  8. 76 FR 22863 - Designation for the Lewiston, ID Area

    2011-04-25

    ... hours (7 CFR 1.27(c)). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In the January 4, 2011, Federal Register (76 FR 317..., Othello, Pasco, Quincy, Spokane, and Yakima, WA. Section 7(f)(1) of the USGSA authorizes...

  9. Reaction of atom on the deexcitation of nuclear isomeric state E = 3.5 ± 1 eV J=3/2+ in 229Th. Some characteristics of isomer

    One studied a group of phenomena associated with deexcitation of E = 3.5 ± 1 eV, J = 3/2+ unique isomeric level in 229Th nucleus. Studies were conducted both in terms of the Dirac-Fock method and on the basis of the Dirac-Fock multiconfiguration method. One introduced definition of discrete conversion factors differing from the previously accepted one

  10. Calibration of agriculture WA gamma cell using TLD and GAF chromic film

    Full text: A project at the WA department of agriculture (Agriculture WA) involved irradiating male fruit fly pupae with a Co-60 gamma cell. The aim was to render the fruit fly infertile for the purposes of population control. Since the dose needed to be large enough to sterilise the pupae but not so great as to deliver a lethal dose, accurate knowledge of the dose rate was extremely important. The Medical Physics Department at Royal Perth Hospital was asked to calibrate the unit. Thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) was used for the initial dose measurement. LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-700. Harshaw) rods were loaded into plastic tubes and placed at varying depths inside the jig used to hold the pupae during irradiation. The jig was exposed for 15 s, in which time it was expected the rods would receive about 3 to 5 Gy. Calibration rods were exposed to doses ranging from 3 to 7 Gy. The doses measured were slightly higher than expected so another measurement was performed, this time using GAF chromic film. Two strips of film were placed inside the jig, which was irradiated for 1 minute. The response of the TLD calibration rods appeared linear, a line fitted to the data had an R2 value of 0.997. The dose rate measured with TLD varied from 29.3 Gy/min at the inside edge of the jig to 21.3 Gy/min at the centre, with a mean dose rate of 24.9 Gy/min. The GAF chromic film results were 27.5 Gy/min at the edge, 22.8 Gy/min at the centre, and a mean dose of 22.2 Gy/min. The higher TLD readings may be explained by the fact that the nominal exposure time did not include the period of lowering the jig into the gamma cell, which means that the actual exposure time was slightly longer than the nominal. Since the TLDs were exposed for 15 s and the film for 1 minute, this would introduce a greater error for the TLDs. Both dosimetry methods were successfully applied in the situation described, and the two sets of results were in good agreement. The TLD material demonstrated a linear response at doses from 3 to 7 Gy. Copyright (2001) Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine

  11. An automated sleep-state classification algorithm for quantifying sleep timing and sleep-dependent dynamics of electroencephalographic and cerebral metabolic parameters

    Rempe MJ; Clegern WC; Wisor JP

    2015-01-01

    Michael J Rempe,1,2 William C Clegern,2 Jonathan P Wisor2 1Mathematics and Computer Science, Whitworth University, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Medical Sciences and Sleep and Performance Research Center, Washington State University, Spokane, WA, USAIntroduction: Rodent sleep research uses electroencephalography (EEG) and electromyography (EMG) to determine the sleep state of an animal at any given time. EEG and EMG signals, typically sampled at >100 Hz, are segmented arbitrarily into epoc...

  12. Exploring Land use and Land cover change in the mining areas of Wa East District, Ghana using Satellite Imagery

    Basommi Prosper Laari; Guan Qingfeng; Cheng Dandan

    2015-01-01

    Satellite imagery has been widely used to monitor the extent of environmental change in both mine and post mine areas. This study uses Remote sensing and Geographical Information System techniques for the assessment of land use/land cover dynamics of mine related areas in Wa East District of Ghana. Landsat satellite imageries of three different time periods, i.e., 1991, 2000 and 2014 were used to quantify the land use/cover changes in the area. Supervised Classificatio...

  13. Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA

    Streichert Laura C; Rehm Colin D; Moudon Anne V; Hurvitz Philip M; Drewnowski Adam

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obta...

  14. Al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan in Spain: A National Project for an Islamic Transnational Movement?

    Arigita, Elena

    2010-01-01

    The author examines recent developments in Muslim associations of Spain established by Moroccan immigrants linked to the Islamic movement al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan (Justice and Spirituality). By analyzing the discourse of an emerging leadership of this movement, she seeks to understand how the political commitment and spiritual bond of these activists with the Moroccan Guide both incorporate and rework elements from the dominant discourse on the necessary adaptation of Islam to Sp...

  15. KamiWaAi - Interactive 3D Sketching with Java Based on Cl(4,1) Conformal Model of Euclidean Space

    Hitzer, Eckhard

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the new interactive Java sketching software KamiWaAi, recently developed at the University of Fukui. Its graphical user interface enables the user without any knowledge of both mathematics or computer science, to do full three dimensional "drawings" on the screen. The resulting constructions can be reshaped interactively by dragging its points over the screen. The programming approach is new. KamiWaAi implements geometric objects like points, lines, circles, spheres, etc...

  16. Planktonic biomass and physico-chemical parameters in Wa di Haneefah Stream, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

    A quantitative and qualitative study of phytoplankton and zooplankton community and physico-chemical condition of water at two sites in Wa di Haneefah Stream was carried out on a monthly basis from November, 1993 to October, 1994. Water temperature fluctuated between (13.0 deg. - 40.0 deg.) with ph values (7.1 - 7.4). High concentrations (11.3) and 10.13 mgI-1) of dissolved oxygen in two sites were recorded in April. The contents of chloride, carbonate, bicarbonate and sulphate were max mum in March-May. Different phyto planktonic genera present at the two sites belong to the families, Caryophyllaceae, Cacophony, Decasodium and Bacillanophyceae. Bacillariphyceae was the dominating group throughout the study. These plank tons were more prominent in summer and less in winter months. Zoo planktonic genera consisted mainly of protozoa ns, Rotifers and Crustaceans. These zooplankton s were prominent forming a peak in July and trough in January. the distribution of the generic composition of phyto-and-zooplankton was correlated with some of the physico-chemical changes in the environment. (authors). 36 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs

  17. Língua, poder e identidade em Ngugi wa thiongo e Kanavillil Rajagopalan

    Dernival Venâncio Ramos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos anos, os teóricos denominados póscoloniais, como Edward Said (1995, Homi Bhabha (2001 e Stuart Hall (2003, para citar os mais conhecidos, têm se preocupado em problematizar os binarismos que geralmente vem à tona, quando o tema de discussões são as relações entre colonizadores e colonizados. A Língua é um objeto apropriadoa essa tentativa de superar estes binarismos, pois tem sido vista como um dos instrumentos de dominação colonial. Linguistas e antropólogos consideram a língua um instrumento que revela a identidade de um povo e promove a integração cultural, no presente e no passado. Neste trabalho, nos pautamos pelos argumentos de dois intelectuais póscoloniais que tratam dessa temática, o queniano Ngugi WaThiongo e o indiano Kanavillil Rajagopalan, tentando ler seus argumentos como projetos identitários. O primeiro um projeto de identidade étnico e nacional; o segundo, um projeto pós-nacional e cosmopolita. Pensamos que seus textos e posicionamentos são fundamentais para entendermos as relações entre língua, poder e cultura na segunda metade do século XX. O cenário é o contexto das relações entre as potências europeias, os povos colonizados e aqueles em processo de descolonização.

  18. Pumice in the interglacial Whidbey Formation at Blowers Bluff, central Whidbey Island, WA, USA

    Dethier, D.P.; Dragovich, J.D.; Sarna-Wojcicki, A. M.; Fleck, R.J.

    2008-01-01

    A new 40Ar/39Ar age of 128??9 ka and chemical analyses of pumice layers from interglacial alluvium at Blowers Bluff, Whidbey Island, WA, show that the deposits are part of the Whidbey Formation, a widespread, mainly subsurface unit. Glass chemistry of the dated dacitic pumice does not match any analyzed northern Cascade source, but upper Pleistocene dacites from Glacier Peak and early Pleistocene silicic rocks from the Kulshan caldera are chemically similar. The chemistry of pumiceous dacite in younger units, including the latest Pleistocene Partridge Gravel, is similar to that of the dated material. The deep troughs of the modern northern Puget lowland must have been filled during deposition of the Whidbey Formation, allowing volcanic-rich sediment to reach what is now Whidbey Island. Topographic analysis of LIDAR images demonstrates that extensive erosion occurred during latest Pleistocene ice retreat. The Partridge Gravel likely records subglacial fluvial erosion along an ice tunnel and ice-marginal deposition into adjacent marine waters. Pumice in the Partridge Gravel probably was reworked from stratigraphically and topographically lower deposits, including those at Blowers Bluff. ?? 2007 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

  19. Action-projection in Japanese conversation: topic particles wa, mo, and tte for triggering categorization activities

    Tanaka, Hiroko

    2015-01-01

    Conversation analytic work has revealed how anticipatory completions and preemptive actions can offer invaluable glimpses into the cognitive, contextual, grammatical, and temporal bases of projectability in turn-taking, by virtue of their potential not only as a display of participants' online prediction of roughly what it might take to complete a turn-in-progress but also to plan the next move. While the predicate-final word order and the incremental transformability of turns in Japanese generally lead to delayed projectability of turn-endings, this may be partially offset by the capacity of certain postpositional particles to trigger and propel prospective action trajectories. This article engages in a case study of the topic particle wa (and related particles mo and tte), by demonstrating how its grammatical affordances, the categorization activities, and cognitive processing it can set in motion, coupled with the immediate contextual, and temporal-productional features may coalesce to a point of critical mass, thereby enhancing the projectability of the not-yet-produced trajectory of the current turn. The discussion attempts to contribute to recent debates on ways language-specific lexicogrammatical resources are deeply interlinked with the types of opportunities that are provided for social action. PMID:26379565

  20. Study of Λ+c production and Pentaquark search in WA89 CERN experiment data

    This thesis is dedicated to the study of the Λc+ charmed baryon and to the ''Pentaquark'' search, within the framework of the CERN WA89 experiment. This fixed target experiment is using a 330 GeV/c hyperon beam. Its aim is the production and the study of baryons carrying charm and strangeness as well as the search of multiquarks. The experimental setup is built around the CERN Omega spectrometer. Production and decay vertices of charmed particles are reconstructed by means of microstrip detectors. Multiwire proportional chambers reconstruct the trajectories in the Omega magnetic field and particle identification is provided by a Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector. An invariant mass signal has been obtained for the Λc+ in the proton-kaon-pion decay channel. Distorsion effects occurring in the event reconstruction have been taken into account in the estimation of the Λc+ lifetime and production cross-section. Finally, the exotic multiquark state ''Pentaquark'' was investigated in the channel proton-phi-pion but no signal was observed. (author). 86 refs., 56 figs

  1. Konsep Syeikh Abdurrauf Singkel tentang Kematian dalam Naskah Lubb al-Kashf wa al-Bayan

    Ahwan Mukarrom

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The esoteric nature of Indonesian Islam during the 15th – 17th centuries makes it possible for the debate on eschatological issues including the idea of death to flourish. Abdurrauf Singkel was among the Sufis to have lived in this dynamic century and was engaged in the debate on the issue of death. This paper is aimed at discussing his views about death particularly by referring to his Lubb al-Kashf wa al-Bayan. We discover that Singkel’s treatment of death is related to such concepts of body, soul, salvation and human desire. We also find out that his views found a logical consonance with that of the Javanese manuscript called Serat Wirid idajat Djatinamun. Here human desire and destiny is symbolized in color; red symbolizes human’s anger, black his evil deeds, yellow his mystical attitude, and white his happiness and inner tranquility. The basic argument of the two books is that control of one’s desire during his/her lifetime will help determine his/her destiny in life to come.

  2. ComForWaRD: Complex Fourier-Wavelet Regularized Deconvolution in Computerized Tomography

    Rao, M. Venu Gopala; Vathsal, S.

    2008-09-01

    The inversion of the Radon transform in the presence of noise is numerically unstable in tomographic image reconstruction and is said to be ill conditioned. We propose an efficient hybrid Co-mplex Fourier-Wavelet Regularization (ComForWaRD) model that comprises blurring operator inver-sion followed by noise suppression via scalar shrinkage in both Fourier and Wavelet domains. The Fou-rier shrinkage exploits the structure of the noise inherent in deconvolution, while the Wavelet shrinkage exploits the piecewise smooth structure of real world signals and images. Moreover the Complex Disc-rete Wavelet Transform (CWT) has an additional properties of nearly shift in-variant and good directi-onal selective. The CWT is particularly suitable for representation of images and other multi-dimensi-onal signals. The proposed hybrid regularization yields state of the art mean squared error (MSE) per-formance in practice. Further for certain problems the hybrid algorithm guarantees an optimal rate of MSE decay with increasing resolution. All the algorithms are implemented in Matlab.

  3. Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a : Astronomy of the Modern Hawaiian Wayfinders

    Ha`o, Celeste; Dye, Ahia G.; Slater, Stephanie J.; Slater, Timothy F.; Baybayan, Kalepa

    2015-08-01

    This paper provides an introduction to Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a, the astronomy of the Hawaiian wayfinders. Rooted in a legacy of navigation across the Polynesian triangle, wayfinding astronomy has been part of a suite of skills that allows navigators to deliberately hop between the small islands of the Pacific, for thousands of years. Forty years ago, in one manifestation of the Hawaiian Renaissance, our teachers demonstrated that ancient Hawaiians were capable of traversing the wide Pacific to settle and trade on islands separated by thousands of miles. Today those same mentors train a new generation of navigators, making Hawaiian voyaging a living, evolving, sustainable endeavor. This paper presents two components of astronomical knowledge that all crewmen, but particularly those in training to become navigators, learn early in their training. Na Ohana Hoku, the Hawaiian Star Families constitute the basic units of the Hawaiian sky. In contrast to the Western system of 88 constellations, Na Ohana Hoku divides the sky into four sections that each run from the northern to the southern poles. This configuration reduces cognitive load, allowing the navigator to preserve working memory for other complex tasks. In addition, these configurations of stars support the navigator in finding and generatively using hundreds of individual, and navigationally important pairs of stars. The Hawaiian Star Compass divides the celestial sphere into a directional system that uses 32 rather than 8 cardinal points. Within the tropics, the rising and setting of celestial objects are consistent within the Hawaiian Star Compass, providing for extremely reliable direction finding. Together, Na Ohana Hoku and the Hawaiian Star Compass provide the tropical navigator with astronomical assistance that is not available to, and would have been unknown to Western navigators trained at higher latitudes.

  4. Interacting coastal based ecosystem services: recreation and water quality in Puget Sound, WA

    Kreitler, Jason; Papenfus, Michael; Byrd, Kristin; Labiosa, William

    2013-01-01

    Coastal recreation and water quality are major contributors to human well-being in coastal regions. They can also interact, creating opportunities for ecosystem based management, ecological restoration, and water quality improvement that can positively affect people and the environment. Yet the effect of environmental quality on human behavior is often poorly quantified, but commonly assumed in coastal ecosystem service studies. To clarify this effect we investigate a water quality dataset for evidence that environmental condition partially explains variation in recreational visitation, our indicator of human behavior. In Puget Sound, WA, we investigate variation in visitation in both visitation rate and fixed effects (FE) models. The visitation rate model relates the differences in annual recreational visitation among parks to environmental conditions, park characteristics, travel cost, and recreational demand. In our FE model we control for all time-invariant unobserved variables and compare monthly variation at the park level to determine how water quality affects visitation during the summer season. The results of our first model illustrate how visitation relates to various amenities and costs. In the FE analysis, monthly visitation was negatively related to water quality while controlling for monthly visitation trends. This indicates people are responding to changes in water quality, and an improvement would yield an increase in the value of recreation. Together, these results could help in prioritizing water quality improvements, could assist the creation of new parks or the modification of existing recreational infrastructure, and provide quantitative estimates for the expected benefits from potential changes in recreational visitation and water quality improvements. Our results also provide an example of how recreational visitation can be quantified and used in ecosystem service assessments.

  5. Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a : Astronomy of the Hawaiian Navigators

    Slater, Stephanie; Slater, Timothy F.; Baybayan, Kalepa C.

    2016-01-01

    This poster provides an introduction to the astronomy of the Hawaiian wayfinders, Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a. Rooted in a legacy of navigation across the Polynesian triangle, wayfinding astronomy has been part of a suite of skills that allows navigators to deliberately hop between the small islands of the Pacific, for thousands of years. Forty years ago, in one manifestation of the Hawaiian Renaissance, our teachers demonstrated that ancient Hawaiians were capable of traversing the wide Pacific to settle and trade on islands separated by thousands of miles. Today those same mentors train a new generation of navigators, making Hawaiian voyaging a living, evolving, sustainable endeavor. This poster presents two components of astronomical knowledge that all crewmen, but particularly those in training to become navigators, learn early in their training. Na Ohana Hoku, the Hawaiian Star Families constitute the basic units of the Hawaiian sky. In contrast to the Western system of 88 constellations, Na Ohana Hoku divides the sky into four sections that each run from the northern to the southern poles. This configuration reduces cognitive load, allowing the navigator to preserve working memory for other complex tasks. In addition, these configurations of stars support the navigator in finding and generatively using hundreds of individual, and navigationally important pairs of stars. The Hawaiian Star Compass divides the celestial sphere into a directional system that uses 32 rather than 8 cardinal points. Within the tropics, the rising and setting of celestial objects are consistent within the Hawaiian Star Compass, providing for extremely reliable direction finding. Together, Na Ohana Hoku and the Hawaiian Star Compass provide the tropical navigator with astronomical assistance that is not available to, and would have been unknown to Western navigators trained at higher latitudes.

  6. Complete protein sequences of the variable regions of the cloned heavy and light chains of a human anti-cytomegalovirus antibody reveal a striking similarity to human monoclonal rheumatoid factors of the Wa idiotypic family.

    Newkirk, M M; Gram, H.; Heinrich, G F; Ostberg, L; Capra, J. D.; Wasserman, R L

    1988-01-01

    The complete amino acid and nucleotide sequences of the variable regions of the heavy and light polypeptide chains of a human neutralizing IgGl anti-cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibody reveal a striking homology to IgM rheumatoid factors (RFs) of the Wa idiotypic family. The anti-CMV antibody and Wa RFs have in common VKIIIb, JKl, and VHIa gene segments but use different DH and JH gene segments. The anti-CMV antibody does not have RF activity and does not express the Wa idiotype. The Wa RFs do not...

  7. Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YDR261W-A, YDR261W-B [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database

    Full Text Available YDR261W-A - Retrotransposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol; translated as TYA or TYA-T ... 3) YDR261W-B - Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol genes ; transcribed/translated as one unit; polyprotein i ... se (PR), and integrase (IN); similar to retroviral genes ... Rows with this prey as prey (2) Rows with this pre ... ey description Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol genes ; transcribed/translated as one unit; polyprotein i ... se (PR), and integrase (IN); similar to retroviral genes ... Rows with this prey as prey Rows with this prey as ...

  8. Arrival time and magnitude of airborne fission products from the Fukushima, Japan, reactor incident as measured in Seattle, WA, USA

    Leon, J Diaz; Knecht, A; Miller, M L; Robertson, R G H; Schubert, A G

    2011-01-01

    We report results of air monitoring started due to the recent natural catastrophe on March 11, 2011 in Japan and the severe ensuing damage to the Fukushima nuclear reactor complex. On March 17-18, 2011 we detected the first arrival of the airborne fission products 131-I, 132-I, 132-Te, 134-Cs, and 137-Cs in Seattle, WA, USA, by identifying their characteristic gamma rays using a germanium detector. The highest detected activity to date is <~32 mBq/m^3 of 131-I.

  9. Proyecto Vidas paralelas indígena: revelando el pueblo Piratapuia / Waíkhana del Amazonas, Brasil.

    Evelyn NERY; Maria da Graça Luderitz HOEFEL; Edgar Merchán HAMANN; Denise Osório SEVERO; Silvéria Maria Dos SANTOS

    2012-01-01

    Este relato de experiencia se refiere al grupo étnico Piratapuia o Waíkhana, que habita el noroccidente del Estado del Amazonas en el Brasil. En este caso, se aborda más especificamente el componente de ese grupo étnico residiendo en el municipio de Santa Isabel do Rio Negro. Se relata la historia del pueblo Saúde Indígena Tempus - Actas de Saúde Coletiva Revista Tempus Actas de Saúde Coletiva 80 Piratapuia más especificamente al componente de ese grupo étnico, e...

  10. Contribution to the experimental study of charmed hadrons produced with hyperon beams (WA89 experiment); Contribution a l'etude experimentale des hadrons charmes produits avec un faisceau d'hyperons (experience WA89)

    Berat, C

    1996-10-15

    Since 1989 the author has been involved in the CERN WA89 experiment that is dedicated to the production of charmed hadrons with hyperon beams. The features and the experimental setting of WA89 are presented in the first chapter. The second chapter is dedicated to the on-line and off-line identification of {lambda}{sup 0} particles produced in charmed particles decay. The former is made through an adequate trigger and the latter is an event filter based on a fast identification criterion of a likely decay of {lambda}{sup 0}. The identification of {lambda}{sup 0} has required the development of algorithms to test the validity of the track reconstruction in the decay area between the target and the spectrometer and to check the validity of the identification of the decay vertex of {lambda}{sup 0}. The last chapter is dedicated to data analysis. The identification of D{sub S} mesons in K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi} final state is detailed. An accurate determination of the D{sub S} production cross-section is not yet possible because of the low statistics but it was possible to make a preliminary assessment that has given: {sigma} = (1.5 {+-} 0.7) {mu}b/nucleon with x{sub F} > 0. (A.C.)

  11. RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3: a JAERI improved version of RELAP4/MOD6 for transient thermal-hydraulic analysis of LWR including effects of BWR core spray

    The RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code is the latest version of RELAP4/MOD6/Update4 improved in JAERI. The major improvements and modifications included in this version have been carried out aiming at small break LOCA analysis and BWR-LOCA analysis after core spray initiation. For example, a CCFL calculation model and a spray heat transfer model have been added for BWR-LOCA analysis. Using these models, through calculation from the beginning of blowdown to the end of reflood in BWR-LOCA was made practicable. Furthermore, the analyses of operational transients of LWR were facilitated greatly by an addition of a trip reset function. In this report, the description of the improvements and modifications included in this version, the input data description, and the results of two sample problems are contained. (author)

  12. Exploring Variability in Acidic Saline Playa Lakes in WA with HyMAP Hyperspectral Data

    Baldridge, A. M.; Hook, S. J.; Souza Filho, C. R.; Thomson, B. J.; Bridges, N. T.; Crowley, J. K.

    2009-12-01

    Acid saline lakes in Western Australia have been recognized as useful chemical terrestrial analogs for aqueous mineral formation on Mars [e.g., 1]. In these lake systems, large pH and salinity differences are observed both laterally and vertically over scales of a few tens of meters[2, 3]. The variability in these lakes have been offered as an alternate formation mechanism for some of the phyllosilicates and sulfates on Mars, suggesting that these different mineral types may be separated by chemical gradients rather than by temporal boundaries[4]. To assess the ability to detect this variability remotely and to determine the extent of the surface variability, which may not be easily accessible in the field, spectral mapping for two of the acidic saline playa lakes was performed. HyMAP airborne data were acquired in December, 2008, of Lake Gilmore and Lake Chandler in WA. The HyMAP sensors have 126 bands that cover the wavelength range between 0.45 and 2.5 µm. Hyvista Corporation provided atmospherically corrected surface reflectance data at approximately 3m spatial resolution. Using the methodology described by [5] the HyMAP data were analyzed using ENVI to identify spectrally pure endmembers that can be used to distinguish mineralogy in the scene. Relevant (e.g. not roads, water or vegetation) spectral endmembers derived for each scene were identified visually using spectra from the ASTER spectral library[6]. The processing techniques were applied to all flight lines and ultimately a classification map mosaic was produced for selection of relevant and intriguing field sampling sites. The classification maps will be validated using field spectroscopy and visual inspection of representative samples collected from the field sites in October 2009, and laboratory spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction will be performed for further validation. The classification maps confirm variability in mineralogy across the lakes, validating geochemical modeling. There are also some unexpected intriguing results. For example, dune forms reveal interbedded sulfates and clays. These deposits may be indicative of the ephemeral nature of the lakes and are of particular interest to studies of similar martian deposits such as those in Gale Crater[7] and Columbus Crater[8]. The acid saline lakes in Australia therefore may provide an even more compelling analog to aqueous deposition on Mars. 1. K. C. Benison, D. A. LaClair, Astrobiology 3, 609 (November 1, 2003). 2. G. M. Marion et al., Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 73, 3493 (June 1, 2009). 3. B. B. Bowen, K. C. Benison, Applied Geochemistry 24, 268 (2009). 4. A. Baldridge et al., Geophysical Research Letters (Accepted Manuscript, In Press). 5. J. W. Boardman, F. A. Kruse, paper presented at the Proceedings, Tenth Thematic Conference, Geologic Remote Sensing, San Antonio, TX, May 9-12, 1994. 6. A. M. Baldridge, S. J. Hook, C. I. Grove, G. Rivera, Remote Sensing of Environment 113, 711 (2009). 7. R. E. Milliken et al., paper presented at the Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts, March 1, 2009. 8. J. J. Wray et al., paper presented at the Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts, March 1, 2009.

  13. Hydrological modelling of an artificial headwater catchment using the model system WaSiM-ETH

    Hölzel, H.; Diekkrüger, B.

    2009-04-01

    The hydrological headwater catchment Chicken Creek (6.5 ha) was constructed in a lignite open-cast mine by Cottbus (Germany) to study initial processes of ecosystem development. The catchment has been intensively monitored for more than three years. Thereby, it is well suited to test and develop hydrological models. The construction of a clay layer in the basement simplifies the balancing of the water cycle since lateral inflows and vertical outflows can be neglected. For modelling purposes all basic input data were given, but neither discharge nor soil moisture measurements were provided. Hence, no high model quality can be feigned by fitting simulated results on observed output data. To compare the ability of different models and modellers to describe the hydrological behaviour of that catchment, a model competition was declared, on which several international scientists take part, all specialised in hydrological modelling. The contest is conducted in different levels, whereupon the knowledge of modellers concerning the investigated catchment will be increased stepwise. All modellers use the same database and results will be evaluated by an independent observer group. Thereby, the comparability between different model applications is guaranteed. We applied the process-based distributed Water balance Simulation Model (WaSiM-ETH) by Schulla & Jasper (2007) to simulate the first three years since the catchment construction was finished (Sep. 2005 - Aug. 2008). For the first modelling exercise important initial conditions (e.g. soil moisture) were unknown. Due to the lack of field experiences, effects of a constructed lake were disregarded. Therefore, the results of the first level were far away from being perfect, e.g. discharge was simulated from the beginning which was not observed because in reality soil water and lake storages were filled up first. The biggest differences occurred between simulated and observed surface runoff. In reality, surface runoff is the dominant runoff part responsible for approximately 70 % of the total runoff, but only half a percent was simulated. Hence, runoff dynamic and runoff peaks were underestimated. The simulated result is physically vindicated through the given data, because the sandy soils (sand content of 70 - 90 %) leads to high infiltration rates. During a first survey a compact and sealed layer was identified as the reason for high surface runoff, which could not be derived from the given date. For the second step of the modelling exercise the lake and the improved knowledge about the initial conditions were considered. Now, the simulated discharge shows the same delay as observed. Furthermore, effects of the sealed layer could be considered by a differentiated representation of soil conditions. Thereby, the simulated surface runoff increased up to 60 % of total runoff, which leads to an enforced runoff dynamic with higher peaks. Now, it is up to the observer group to evaluate whether or not the simulated results of the second modelling level has improved.

  14. Divergence of Temperature and Wind Signals in Tree Rings at Port Angeles, WA

    Hamilton, W. L.

    2007-12-01

    At Port Angeles, WA some divergence of tree response to temperature may be explained by previously reported response of trees to wind. Near a weather station there two intermixed populations of low elevation Douglas-fir were found, of which roughly half showed positive response of annual ring width eccentricity to integrated, instrumentally measured hourly wind velocity over the same time interval and in the same direction. The other half responded negatively to the same wind along the same measurement transect azimuth. A similar result was obtained for wind when using ring width data from the downwind sides of the trees, where much of the wind signal was retained by modulation of early wood growth. This is similar to the Wilmking et al. description of divergent temperature response of transect mean ring width in high elevation trees on the Alaska Brooks Range; where a third showed positive, a third showed negative and a third had insignificant correlation with temperature. Eccentricity in Port Angeles northeast-southwest and southeast-northwest transects shows significant divergence of both wind and wind-associated temperature response from 1997 to 2001. Alternating power and lag of wind and temperature correlations with eccentricity at certain azimuths suggests that wind and temperature may operate interdependently in affecting eccentric growth. Response power and sign were highly dependent on the tree, transect azimuth and lag. Trees responded with wind azimuth resolution close to 10°, suggesting that accuracy and precision of sampling azimuth are important. Response power on most transects in most trees was usually higher at zero response lag. Eccentricity response to temperature and wind was usually of opposite sign. Northeast and southeast transect mean width showed weak, temperature-driven divergence at one-year lag. Analysis is underway back to 1982. At Port Angeles warmer winds from the Strait of Juan de Fuca flowed from the northern sector. No clear time trends were noted. At Port Angeles warmer winds from the Strait of Juan de Fuca flowed from the northern sector. No clear time trends were noted. Cool season temperature was significantly and positively driven by north sector wind. Nearer the ocean at Quillayute Airport positive trends were seen in April-September. In cool season there, temperature was positively driven by frontal wind from the south-southwest with high significance. This suggests that site information on direction, temperature and seasonality of wind may be important in inferring proxy temperature trends from ring width measurements. The cause of 'divergent' wind-driven growth eccentricity is currently under experimental investigation. The signal may be in response to changes in static loading resulting from crown anisotropy; with some due to dynamic physiological modification in the stem. Divergence of the signal may relate to structural anisotropy affecting torsion in the stem so that two adjacent trees sway and twist in different directions in response to constant wind direction and velocity. Complex airflow within a stand may result from repositioning of vortices, so that stem oscillation directions in adjacent trees vary divergently with change in wind direction and velocity.

  15. Prognosis of groundwater recharge by means of the simulation tool PCSiWaPro® under the conditions of climate change

    Meyer, M.; Sallwey, J.; Hasan, I.; Graeber, P.-W.

    2012-04-01

    Recent studies showed that varying atmospheric conditions as a result of climate change have a significant impact on the magnitude and time variable development of groundwater recharge. Essentially there are two driving factors that influence groundwater recharge: the temporal distribution of precipitation, and the saturation processes resulting from capillary effects in the unsaturated soil zone. Water balance processes can accurately be modelled by using the Richards' equation for transient flow, together with the Van-Genuchten/Luckner approximation describing hysteresis relationships between water contents and pressure heads in the soil. Precipitation distributions, as boundary conditions for the unsaturated model, can be generated from climate data measurements using statistical analysis tools. These synthetic time series reflect both the real climate conditions in a given model area, as well as statistical variations of rainfall by implementing characteristics of a predefined probability distribution. Depending on the kind of distribution, the resulting time series can represent both annual rainfall variations as well as long-term climate changes. The Institute of Waste Management and Contaminated Site Treatment of the TU Dresden has developed two software programs that help estimate these two driving forces for groundwater recharge. WettGen is a weather generator using a Weibull distribution and Markov chain approximations to create synthetic climate time series. These are applied as an upper boundary condition for PCSiWaPro®, a numerical finite element simulation tool solving the Richards' equation for water balance and a convection dispersion equation for contaminant. The result of this coupled simulation is an outflow at the lower boundary of the PCSiWaPro® model, which can be interpreted as a recharge rate for the underlying aquifer. Considering that climate change scenarios for Germany predict longer dry periods and an increase of extreme precipitation events, simulations showed that groundwater recharge rates tend to decrease. This is due to the fact that during extreme events the maximum infiltration rate is reached much sooner than for rain periods with a lower intensity and a longer duration, leading to higher rates of surface runoff. Current advancements of the existing modelling components include a more accurate estimate of groundwater recharge, which will be achieved by taking into account the interactions between unsaturated soil zone processes and groundwater processes. To implement this, a coupling between PCSiWaPro® and a groundwater simulation software, PCGeofim® by IBGW Leipzig, is currently being worked on. This will not only enhance the accurate estimation of groundwater recharge, but it will also give new insights into which effects different time series of precipitation have on the transport of contaminations through the unsaturated soil zone, and into the groundwater.

  16. Nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 to 200 GeV/nucleon: Photon measurement results from the WA80 experiment at CERN

    Photon measurement results from 16O+197Au reactions at 200 GeV/nucleon obtained by the WA80 collaboration at the CERN SPS are presented. Transverse momentum spectra of neutral pions and of direct photons are shown. At an accuracy within 15% limits, all observed photons are accounted for by known hadronic decays

  17. Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water by Coagulation/Filtration, U.S. EPA Demonstration Project at the City of Okanogan, WA - Final Performance Evaluation Report

    This report documents the activities performed during and the results obtained from the arsenic removal treatment technology demonstration project at the City of Okanogan, WA facility. The objectives of the project were to evaluate: (1) the effectiveness of Filtronics’ FH-13 Ele...

  18. Online: a program to display histograms and control monitor processes on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN

    ONLINE is a program which can be launched from any terminal on the WA62 experiment's DEC VAX 11/780 computer when the Native mode data acquisition system is running. It is used to display histograms produced by the various experiment monitor processes running under the system and can establish links with such processes to allow the user to issue monitor commands and change internal monitor process parameters. This report describes the criteria used in the design of ONLINE and shows some of the features of the VAX/VMS Operating System which are used to access histograms produced by monitor processes, to establish communications links with monitor processes and to provide the user with an easy to learn system for the examination of online experimental data in a graphical form. Also given, is a brief account of the way monitor processes are structured and how this structure facilitates user-monitor dialogue. (author)

  19. Al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan in Spain: A National Project for an Islamic Transnational Movement?

    Arigita, Elena

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The author examines recent developments in Muslim associations of Spain established by Moroccan immigrants linked to the Islamic movement al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan (Justice and Spirituality. By analyzing the discourse of an emerging leadership of this movement, she seeks to understand how the political commitment and spiritual bond of these activists with the Moroccan Guide both incorporate and rework elements from the dominant discourse on the necessary adaptation of Islam to Spain. Based on in-depth interviews with these leaders, she explores how the Movement’s commitment to Morocco as well as the ummah (Universal Community of Believers interact with the way these muslims perceive and position themselves in the national context of Spain.

    Se examina en este ensayo la evolución reciente de las asociaciones musulmanas en España creadas por inmigrantes marroquíes vinculados al movimiento islámico al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan (Justicia y Espiritualidad. Partiendo de las declaraciones de un liderazgo emergente de este movimiento en España, la autora trata de explicar cómo el compromiso político de estas personas y el vínculo espiritual con su Guía marroquí incorporan, al tiempo que reelaboran, elementos del discurso dominante sobre la necesaria adaptación del islam a España. Entrevistas en profundidad con estos activistas revelan cómo los lazos del Movimiento con Marruecos y con la umma (Comunidad universal de creyentes interactúan con el modo en el que estos musulmanes perciben y se posicionan en el contexto nacional de España.

  20. Human rheumatoid factor crossidiotypes. II. Primary structure-dependent crossreactive idiotype, PSL2-CRI, present on Wa monoclonal rheumatoid factors is present on Bla and other IgM kappa monoclonal autoantibodies

    1987-01-01

    The amino acid sequence of the L-CDR2 (complementarity-determining region) of Bla mRF (monoclonal rheumatoid factor) is identical to that of the Wa mRFs. The PSL2-CRI (crossreactive idiotype), as determined by anti-PSL2, which has been shown to be present on all Wa mRFs, is also present on the Bla mRF and other monoclonal autoantibodies. PSL2-CRI is, therefore, not unique to Wa mRFs and may be present on most IgM kappa monoclonal autoantibodies. Whether PSL2-CRI is a crossidiotype (XId) that ...

  1. Luise Millerin und Ne'mat - die weiblichen Hauptfiguren von "Kabale und Liebe" und "Afwah wa Araneb" im Vergleich

    Rascha Muhammad ‘OrabiRasch ‘Abdel ‘Aziz Muhammad ‘Orabi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Dieser Beitrag  verfolgt  das Ziel, die weibliche Hauptfigur im deutschen Drama "Kabale und Liebe" und im arabischen Drama "Afwah wa Araneb" zu charakterisieren und miteinander zu vergleichen. Dabei werden die inneren sowie die zwischenmenschlichen Konflikte dieser beiden Frauen aufgezeigt und verglichen. Es macht sich bemerkbar, wie ähnlich die Schicksale der beiden weiblichen Hauptfiguren sind, die nach den Wertvorstellungen des Vaters oder des Familienoberhauptes leben müssen. Sie können als Musterbeispiele für die damalige Männerherrschaft angesehen werden. Männerherrschaft und Ungleichwertigkeit der Geschlechter - ein Thema, das unser modernes Leben noch immer beschäftigt. Darüber hinaus möchte ich beweisen, dass sich ein vollständiges Bild nur dann ergibt, wenn bei der Betrachtung alle Komponenten, politische, soziologische, psychologische sowie theologische, als Einheit berücksichtigt werden, wobei Luise und Ne'mat jeweils im Blickpunkt stehen sollen. Die gesellschaftliche Funktion des Dramas besteht in der Änderung der Gesellschaft durch Literatur und Drama. Die Untersuchung geht davon aus, dass beide Dramen als literarische Unterstützung der Emanzipation der bürgerlichen oder bäuerlichen Frau betrachtet werden sollen. Beide Dramen passen in jede Zeit. Unseren Jugendlichen sind die damaligen Probleme heute nicht fremd. Zu Zeiten Luises und Ne'mats hofft die junge Generation auf das Ende des Absolutismus, die Auflösung der Standesunterschiede und die Verwirklichung der sozialen Gerechtigkeit. Im arabischen Frühling spielen die Jugendlichen in Ägypten die Hauptrolle bei dem Sturz des diktatorischen Regimes von Husni Mubarak. Sie fordern auch Freiheit, Würde und soziale Gerechtigkeit. Diese Generationenkonflikte gibt es schon immer und wird es immer geben. Sie sind eine wesentliche Voraussetzung für Veränderung und Entwicklung. Schlagwörter: Interkulturalität, Komparatistik, "Kabale und Liebe", "Afwah wa Araneb", Vergleichende Charakterisierung von Luise und Ne'mat.

  2. PUBATHG - ArcInfo GRID format of the 2001 multibeam echo-sounder data collected in the Puyallup River delta, Puget Sound (Tacoma), Washington from Field Activity: R-1-01-WA

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — ArcInfo GRID format bathymetry data generated from the 2001 multibeam sonar survey the major deltas of southern Puget Sound (Tacoma), WA., including Nisqually,...

  3. DUBATHG - ArcInfo GRID format of the 2001 multibeam echo-sounder data collected in the Duwamish River Delta, Puget Sound (Seattle), Washington from Field Activity: R-1-01-WA

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — ArcInfo GRID format bathymetry data generated from the 2001 multibeam sonar survey the major deltas of southern Puget Sound, WA., including Nisqually, Puyallup, and...

  4. NIBATHG - ArcInfo GRID format of the 2001 multibeam echo-sounder data collected in the Nisqually Delta, Puget Sound, Washington from Field Activity: R-1-01-WA

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — ArcInfo GRID format bathymetry data generated from the 2001 multibeam sonar survey the major deltas of southern Puget Sound, WA., including Nisqually, Puyallup, and...

  5. WaFIRS, a Waveguide Far-IR Spectrometer: Enabling Space-Borne Spectroscopy of High-z Galaxies in the Far-IR and Submm

    Bradford, C. M.; Bock, J. J.; Dragovan, M.; Earle, L.; Glenn, J.; Naylor, B.; Nguyen, H.; Zmuidzinas, J.

    2004-01-01

    The discovery of galaxies beyond z approximately equal to 1 which emit the bulk of their luminosity at long wavelengths has demonstrated the need for high sensitivity, broadband spectroscopy in the far-IR/submm/mm bands. Because many of these sources are not detectable in the optical, long wavelength spectroscopy is key to measuring their redshifts and ISM conditions. The continuum source list will increase in the next decade with new ground-based instruments (SCUBA2, Bolocam, MAMBO) and the surveys of HSO and SIRTF. Yet the planned spectroscopic capabilities lag behind, primarily due to the difficulty in scaling existing IR spectrograph designs to longer wavelengths. To overcome these limitations, we are developing WaFIRS, a novel concept for long-wavelength spectroscopy which utilizes a parallel-plate waveguide and a curved diffraction grating. WaFIRS provides the large (approximately 60%) instantaneous bandwidth and high throughput of a conventional grating system, but offers a dramatic reduction in volume and mass. WaFIRS requires no space overheads for extra optical elements beyond the diffraction grating itself, and is two-dimensional because the propagation is confined between two parallel plates. Thus several modules could be stacked to multiplex either spatially or in different frequency bands. The size and mass savings provide opportunities for spectroscopy from space-borne observatories which would be impractical with conventional spectrographs. With background-limited detectors and a cooled 3.5 telescope, the line sensitivity would be better than that of ALMA, with instantaneous broad-band coverage. We have built and tested a WaFIRS prototype for 1-1.6 mm, and are currently constructing Z-Spec, a 100 mK model to be used as a ground-based lambda/DELTAlambda approximately equal to 350 submillimeter galaxy redshift machine.

  6. Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a--- Na `Ohana Hoku `Eha (The Astronomy of the Hawaiian Navigators--- The Four Star Families)

    Slater, Stephanie; Slater, Timothy F.; Baybayan, Kalepa C.

    2016-01-01

    This paper documents the complete modern Hawaiian navigational full-sky. Over eight years of field notes, observations, and interviews with cultural leaders, historians, and ho`okele wa`a (navigators) were used to construct and validate Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a, the Astronomy of the Hawaiian Navigators. In contrast to the various historical sky maps designed by different practitioners and local groups in pre-colonial times, this sky-map depicts the four whole-sky constellations used by present day wayfinders. Designed by a loosely bound group of cultural leaders and navigators as a tool to use in modern non-instrumental navigation, Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a is a pragmatic fusion of ancient Hawaiian tradition, traditions of greater Polynesia, and modern-day Indigenous cultural forces. Like a very small number of cultures who use the sky for non-instrumental navigation, the ho`okele wa`a conceive of each season's visible sky as a whole image, using a single constellation that stretches from the northern to the southern horizon as a tool that facilitates direction finding in skies that are often very cloudy, and that chunks the sky into sections that decrease the cognitive load placed on the navigator. Moving through the seasons, beginning in Winter, Na `Ohana Hoku `Eha (The Four Star Families) are Kekaomakali`I (The Bailer), Kaiwikuamo`o (The Backbone), Manaiakalani (The Fishhook), and Kalupekawelo (The Kite). The whole-sky character of each of the four "star families," combines with that star family's mo`olelo (purposeful story) to further facilitate navigation, employing the emotional component of moral and familial associations to enhance memorization and to provide wayfinders with encouragement on their long journeys.

  7. Development and testing of a Cerenkov counter for hyperon on line tagging (WA89 experiment at CERN)

    HYPOLIT (HYPerons On LIne Tagging) is a new Counter for tagging hyperons on line, in the 250 GeV/c beam (rms 7%) of the second phase of the WA89 experiment at CERN. It is a fast RICH counter with low angular acceptance but a great resolution power. The counter is equipped with a 6 m focal length spherical mirror and a chromatic corrector. The size of the Cerenkov rings is reduced by means of set of two conical mirrors to match the active area of an image intensifier. Its output window is devided into 160 pixels read with 160 photomultipliers via fibre optics. The counter has been tested at CERN in 2, 4 and 8 GeV/c electron beam and in 220 GeV/c pion beam containing also 5.3% kaons and 0.7% antiprotons. A spatial resolution of 0.125 mm was achieved on the radius, which represents 1/5 of the pion-Kaon separation. The ring radius is determined electronically in less than 2.5 microseconds. A Monte-Carlo simulation was performed at 360 GeV/c. It is shown that the tagging is also possible at this energy, despite the ten times greater emittance of this beam, after some modifications on the chromatic corrector and the detection system. (orig.)

  8. Aqidah al-Tauhid Baina al-Tasawwuf al-Sunni wa al-Tasawwuf al-Falsafi

    Amal Fathullah Zarkasyi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The philosophers and theologians for a long time, have been conducting a series of intense discourse on many issues from the perspective of tasawuf. Of course, in this regard, they use a theoretical basis and practical rationale. This article, describes the discourse above in the two different conversations perspective, between tasawuf Sunni and tasawuf falsafi. Tasawuf sunni group are represented by Al-Ghazali and al-Qushayri, confronted by Ibn Arabi and Ibn Sab’in from tasawuf falsafi group. Through a descriptive exploratory study, the researcher asserts that Al-Ghazali divides tauhid into four, tauhid of hypocrites, Muslims majority, muqarrabin, and siddiqin, all are based on ahl sunnah wa alJama’ah faith. While Al- ushayri, divides it into three; tauhid al-haq li al-haq, tauhid al-haq li al-khalq, and tauhid al-khalq li al-haq, all are based on empirical aspects of Irfani. In his study, the author concludes that tasawuf Sunni, focuses mainly on the issue of al-fana and wihdah al-syuhud in order to reach a peak of makrifah. Meanwhile, taswuf falsafi declares the existence of monoexistence, that is, human beings and God is one, similar to (wihdah al-wujud. Man is united with God expressed usually in the form syatahat. The implication is no taklif for humans.

  9. Cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of the VP8* carbohydrate-binding protein of the human rotavirus strain Wa

    The carbohydrate-binding component (VP8*64–223) of the human Wa rotavirus spike protein has been overexpressed in E. coli, purified and crystallized in two different crystal forms. X-ray diffraction data have been collected that have enabled determination of the Wa VP8*64–223 structure by molecular replacement. Rotaviruses exhibit host-specificity and the first crystallographic information on a rotavirus strain that infects humans is reported here. Recognition and attachment to host cells, leading to invasion and infection, is critically linked to the function of the outer capsid spike protein of the rotavirus particle. In some strains the VP8* component of the spike protein is implicated in recognition and binding of sialic-acid-containing cell-surface carbohydrates, thereby enabling infection by the virus. The cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and initial X-ray diffraction analysis of the VP8* core from human Wa rotavirus is reported. Two crystal forms (trigonal P3221 and monoclinic P21) have been obtained and X-ray diffraction data have been collected, enabling determination of the VP8*64–223 structure by molecular replacement

  10. Cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of the VP8* carbohydrate-binding protein of the human rotavirus strain Wa

    Kraschnefski, Mark J.; Scott, Stacy A. [Institute for Glycomics, Griffith University (Gold Coast Campus), PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre, Queensland 9726 (Australia); Holloway, Gavan; Coulson, Barbara S.; Itzstein, Mark von [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Blanchard, Helen, E-mail: h.blanchard@griffith.edu.au [Institute for Glycomics, Griffith University (Gold Coast Campus), PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre, Queensland 9726 (Australia)

    2005-11-01

    The carbohydrate-binding component (VP8*{sub 64–223}) of the human Wa rotavirus spike protein has been overexpressed in E. coli, purified and crystallized in two different crystal forms. X-ray diffraction data have been collected that have enabled determination of the Wa VP8*{sub 64–223} structure by molecular replacement. Rotaviruses exhibit host-specificity and the first crystallographic information on a rotavirus strain that infects humans is reported here. Recognition and attachment to host cells, leading to invasion and infection, is critically linked to the function of the outer capsid spike protein of the rotavirus particle. In some strains the VP8* component of the spike protein is implicated in recognition and binding of sialic-acid-containing cell-surface carbohydrates, thereby enabling infection by the virus. The cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and initial X-ray diffraction analysis of the VP8* core from human Wa rotavirus is reported. Two crystal forms (trigonal P3{sub 2}21 and monoclinic P2{sub 1}) have been obtained and X-ray diffraction data have been collected, enabling determination of the VP8*{sub 64–223} structure by molecular replacement.

  11. Hyperon production in p-BE interactions at 158 GeV/c per nucleon at the WA97 CERN experiment

    Norman, P I

    1999-01-01

    Strange particle production is one of the most useful probes of matter under extreme conditions of temperature and density. Due to the differences between quark masses in a Quark Gluon Plasma and hadron masses in a hadron gas scenario, there is a significant difference in the equilibration times for strange quark production under these two mechanisms. This difference in equilibration times will manifest itself in a much greater yield of strange particles from a QGP with respect to a hadron gas. It is believed that collisions of heavy ions at high energy may provide sufficient conditions for a QGP to be formed. The aim of the WA97 experiment is, therefore, to investigate relativistic heavy ion collisions at the CERN OMEGA Spectrometer, following on from the work of the WA85 and WA94 collaborations. Using a lead ion beam from the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron and a lead target, data were taken in both 1995 and 1996. As a control, in the autumn of 1995, data were also taken using a proton beam incident on a lead...

  12. j399sf.m77t and j399sf.h77t: MGD77T data and header files for single-beam bathymetry data for field activity J-3-99-SF in Grizzly Bay, San Francisco Bay from 11/08/1999 to 11/18/1999

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Single-beam bathymetry data along with DGPS navigation data was collected as part of the U.S. Geological Survey cruise J-3-99-SF. The cruise was conducted in...

  13. Project AProWa: a national view on managing trade-offs between agricultural production and conservation of aquatic ecosystems

    Dietzel, Anne; Rahn, Eric; Stamm, Christian

    2014-05-01

    Swiss agriculture is legally committed to fulfill several, partially conflicting goals such as agricultural production on the one hand and the conservation of natural resources on the other hand. In the context of the research project AProWa ("Agricultural Production and Water"), the relationships between the production aspect and the conservation of aquatic ecosystems is analyzed with a holistic approach. Agricultural production and the protection of water resources have high potential for conflicts: Farmers use ground and surface water to irrigate their fields. On the other hand, drainage systems enable the production on otherwise unfavorably wet soils. These in turn often affect ground water recharge and divert precipitation directly into surface waters, which changes their hydrological regime. Typically, drainage systems also elevate the input of nutrients and pesticides into the water bodies. In general, applied fertilizers, plant protection products, veterinary drugs and phytohormones of cultivated plants are introduced into the ground and surface waters through different processes such as drift, leaching, runoff, preferential flow or erosion. They influence the nutrient cycles and ecological health of aquatic systems. The nutrient and pesticide loss processes themselves can be altered by tillage operations and other agricultural practices. Furthermore, the competition for space can lead to additional conflicts between agriculture and the protection of aquatic ecosystems. For example, channelized or otherwise morphologically changed rivers do not have a natural discharge pattern and are often not suitable for the local flora and fauna; but naturally meandering rivers need space that cannot be used for agriculture. In a highly industrialized and densely populated country like Switzerland, all these potential conflicts are of importance. Although it is typically seen as a water-rich country, local and seasonal overexploitation of rivers through water extraction for irrigation can already be documented. Due to drier summers induced by climate change, this phenomenon is expected to gain more importance in the future. Related to water quantity and quality it is crucial to think about the diverging interests between the supply of the population with national agricultural products and the preservation of the water bodies, their ecological value and their other ecosystem services (e.g. drinking water supply). The project AProWa attempts to elucidate trade-offs of national goals for water protection and agricultural production in Switzerland by involving stakeholders from agricultural administration (Federal Office for Agriculture, FOAG), agricultural research (Agroscope), water research (Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Eawag) and environmental protection (Federal Office for the Environment, FOEN). This is done by applying multi-criteria decision analysis facilitating consensus regarding goals and possible activities and alternatives to reach these goals. This is followed by an evaluation of main conflicts and prioritized research gaps. We present preliminary results from workshops and interdisciplinary discussion groups that encompass an objectives hierarchy reflecting agricultural production and water conservation goals. Furthermore, an inventory of agricultural practices and water protection measures is presented, enabling their evaluation for the provision of agricultural production while sustaining aquatic ecosystems.

  14. Microbial community changes during sustained Cr(VI) reduction at the 100H site in Hanford, WA

    Chakraborty, Romy; Brodie, Eoin L; Faybishenko, Boris; Piceno, Yvette M; Tom, Lauren; Choudhuri, Swati; Beller, Harry R; Liu, Jenny; Torok, Tamas; Joyner, Dominique C; Joachimiak, Marcin P; Zhou, Aifen; Van Nostrand, Joy D; Zhou, Joe; Long, Phil E; Newcomer, Darrell R; Andersen, Gary L; Hazen, Terry C.

    2010-05-17

    Hexavalent Chromium is a widespread contaminant found in soil, sediment, and groundwater. In order to stimulate microbially-mediated reduction of Cr(VI), a poly-lactate compound (HRC) was injected into the Chromium-contaminated aquifer at the Hanford (WA) 100H site in 2004. Cr(VI) concentrations rapidly declined to below the detection limit and remained so for more than three years after injection. Based on the results of the bacterial community composition using high-density DNA 16S rRNA gene microarrays, we observed the community to transition through denitrifying, ironreducing and sulfate-reducing populations. As a result, we specifically focused isolation efforts on three bacterial species that were significant components of the community. Positive enrichments in defined anaerobic media resulted in the isolation of an iron-reducing Geobacter metallireducens-like isolate, a sulfate-reducing Desulfovibrio vukgaris-like strain and a nitrate-reducing Pseudomonas stutzeri-like isolate among several others. All of these isolates were capable of reducing Cr(VI) anoxically and have been submitted for genome sequencing to JGI. To further characterize the microbial, and geochemical mechanisms associated with in situ Cr(VI) reduction at the site, additional HRC was injected in 2008. The goal was to restimulate the indigenous microbial community and to regenerate the reducing conditions necessary for continued Cr(VI) bio-immobilization in the groundwater. Analysis of the microbial populations post-injection revealed that they recovered to a similar density as after the first injection in 2004. In this study, we present the results from our investigation into microbially-mediated Cr(VI) reduction at Hanford, and a comparison of the microbial community development following two HRC injections four years apart.

  15. Sunlight-induced inactivation of human Wa and porcine OSU rotaviruses in the presence of exogenous photosensitizers

    Romero-Maraccini, Ofelia C.

    2013-10-01

    Human rotavirus Wa and porcine rotavirus OSU solutions were irradiated with simulated solar UV and visible light in the presence of different photosensitizers dissolved in buffered solutions. For human rotavirus, the exogenous effects were greater than the endogenous effects under irradiation with full spectrum and UVA and visible light at 25 C. For porcine rotavirus, the exogenous effects with UVA and visible light irradiation were only observed at high temperatures, >40 C. The results from dark experiments conducted at different temperatures suggest that porcine rotavirus has higher thermostability than human rotavirus. Concentrations of 3′-MAP excited triplet states of 1.8 fM and above resulted in significant human rotavirus inactivation. The measured excited triplet state concentrations of ≤0.45 fM produced by UVA and visible light irradiation of natural dissolved organic matter solutions were likely not directly responsible for rotavirus inactivation. Instead, the linear correlation for human rotavirus inactivation rate constant (kobs) with the phenol degradation rate constant (kexp) found in both 1 mM NaHCO3 and 1 mM phosphate-buffered solutions suggested that OH radical was a major reactive species for the exogenous inactivation of rotaviruses. Linear correlations between rotavirus kobs and specific UV254 nm absorbance of two river-dissolved organic matter and two effluent organic matter isolates indicated that organic matter aromaticity may help predict formation of radicals responsible for rotavirus inactivation. The results from this study also suggested that the differences in rotavirus strains should be considered when predicting solar inactivation of rotavirus in sunlit surface waters. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

  16. Exploring Land use and Land cover change in the mining areas of Wa East District, Ghana using Satellite Imagery

    Basommi, Prosper Laari; Guan, Qingfeng; Cheng, Dandan

    2015-11-01

    Satellite imagery has been widely used to monitor the extent of environmental change in both mine and post mine areas. This study uses Remote sensing and Geographical Information System techniques for the assessment of land use/land cover dynamics of mine related areas in Wa East District of Ghana. Landsat satellite imageries of three different time periods, i.e., 1991, 2000 and 2014 were used to quantify the land use/cover changes in the area. Supervised Classification using Maximum Likelihood Technique in ERDAS was utilized. The images were categorized into five different classes: Open Savannah, Closed Savannah, Bare Areas, Settlement and Water. Image differencing method of change detection was used to investigate the changes. Normalized Differential Vegetative Index valueswere used to correlate the state of healthy vegetation. The image differencing showed a positive correlation to the changes in the Land use and Land cover classes. NDVI values reduced from 0.48 to 0.11. The land use change matrix also showed conversion of savannah areas into bare ground and settlement. Open and close savannah reduced from 50.80% to 36.5% and 27.80% to 22.67% respectively whiles bare land and settlement increased. Overall accuracy of classified 2014 image and kappa statistics was 83.20% and 0.761 respectively. The study revealed the declining nature of the vegetation and the significance of using satellite imagery. A higher resolution satellite Imagery is however needed to satisfactorily delineate mine areas from other bare areas in such Savannah zones.

  17. Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA

    Hurvitz, Philip M; Moudon, Anne V; Rehm, Colin D; Streichert, Laura C; Drewnowski, Adam

    2009-01-01

    Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obtained from King County and from US Census data. Fast food restaurant addresses were obtained from Public Health-Seattle & King County and were geocoded. Fast food density was expressed per tract unit area and per capita. Arterial road density was a measure of vehicular and pedestrian access. Multivariate logistic regression models containing both socioeconomic status and road density were used in data analyses. Results Over one half (53.1%) of King County census tracts had at least one fast food restaurant. Mean network distance from dwelling units to a fast food restaurant countywide was 1.40 km, and 1.07 km for census tracts containing at least one fast food restaurant. Fast food restaurant density was significantly associated in regression models with low median household income (p < 0.001) and high arterial road density (p < 0.001) but not with percent of residents who were nonwhite. Conclusion No significant association was observed between census tract minority status and fast food density in King County. Although restaurant density was linked to low household incomes, that effect was attenuated by arterial road density. Fast food restaurants in King County are more likely to be located in lower income neighborhoods and higher traffic areas. PMID:19630979

  18. Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA

    Streichert Laura C

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obtained from King County and from US Census data. Fast food restaurant addresses were obtained from Public Health-Seattle & King County and were geocoded. Fast food density was expressed per tract unit area and per capita. Arterial road density was a measure of vehicular and pedestrian access. Multivariate logistic regression models containing both socioeconomic status and road density were used in data analyses. Results Over one half (53.1% of King County census tracts had at least one fast food restaurant. Mean network distance from dwelling units to a fast food restaurant countywide was 1.40 km, and 1.07 km for census tracts containing at least one fast food restaurant. Fast food restaurant density was significantly associated in regression models with low median household income (p Conclusion No significant association was observed between census tract minority status and fast food density in King County. Although restaurant density was linked to low household incomes, that effect was attenuated by arterial road density. Fast food restaurants in King County are more likely to be located in lower income neighborhoods and higher traffic areas.

  19. Modeling the spatial distribution of landslide-prone colluvium and shallow groundwater on hillslopes of Seattle, WA

    Schulz, W.H.; Lidke, D.J.; Godt, J.W.

    2008-01-01

    Landslides in partially saturated colluvium on Seattle, WA, hillslopes have resulted in property damage and human casualties. We developed statistical models of colluvium and shallow-groundwater distributions to aid landslide hazard assessments. The models were developed using a geographic information system, digital geologic maps, digital topography, subsurface exploration results, the groundwater flow modeling software VS2DI and regression analyses. Input to the colluvium model includes slope, distance to a hillslope-crest escarpment, and escarpment slope and height. We developed different statistical relations for thickness of colluvium on four landforms. Groundwater model input includes colluvium basal slope and distance from the Fraser aquifer. This distance was used to estimate hydraulic conductivity based on the assumption that addition of finer-grained material from down-section would result in lower conductivity. Colluvial groundwater is perched so we estimated its saturated thickness. We used VS2DI to establish relations between saturated thickness and the hydraulic conductivity and basal slope of the colluvium. We developed different statistical relations for three groundwater flow regimes. All model results were validated using observational data that were excluded from calibration. Eighty percent of colluvium thickness predictions were within 25% of observed values and 88% of saturated thickness predictions were within 20% of observed values. The models are based on conditions common to many areas, so our method can provide accurate results for similar regions; relations in our statistical models require calibration for new regions. Our results suggest that Seattle landslides occur in native deposits and colluvium, ultimately in response to surface-water erosion of hillstope toes. Regional groundwater conditions do not appear to strongly affect the general distribution of Seattle landslides; historical landslides were equally dispersed within and outside of the area potentially affected by regional groundwater conditions.

  20. Life cycle assessment of forecasting scenarios for urban water management: A first implementation of the WaLA model on Paris suburban area.

    Loubet, Philippe; Roux, Philippe; Guérin-Schneider, Laetitia; Bellon-Maurel, Véronique

    2016-03-01

    A framework and an associated modeling tool to perform life cycle assessment (LCA) of urban water system, namely the WaLA model, has been recently developed. In this paper, the WaLA model is applied to a real case study: the urban water system of the Paris suburban area, in France. It aims to verify the capacity of the model to provide environmental insights to stakeholder's issues related to future trends influencing the system (e.g., evolution of water demand, increasing water scarcity) or policy responses (e.g., choices of water resources and technologies). This is achieved by evaluating a baseline scenario for 2012 and several forecasting scenarios for 2022 and 2050. The scenarios are designed through the modeling tool WaLA, which is implemented in Simulink/Matlab: it combines components representing the different technologies, users and resources of the UWS. The life cycle inventories of the technologies and users components include water quantity and quality changes, specific operation (electricity, chemicals) and infrastructures data (construction materials). The methods selected for the LCIA are midpoint ILCD, midpoint water deprivation impacts at the sub-river basin scale, and endpoint Impact 2002+. The results of the baseline scenario show that wastewater treatment plants have the highest impacts compared to drinking water production and distribution, as traditionally encountered in LCA of UWS. The results of the forecasting scenarios show important changes in water deprivation impacts due to water management choices or effects of climate change. They also enable to identify tradeoffs with other impact categories and to compare several scenarios. It suggests the capacity of the model to deliver information for decision making about future policies. PMID:26724447

  1. Meeting report: GSC M5 roundtable at the 13th International Society for Microbial Ecology meeting in Seattle, WA, USA August 22-27, 2010

    Gilbert, Jack A.; Meyer, Folker; Knight, Rob; Field, Dawn; Kyrpides, Nikos; Yilmaz, Pelin; Wooley, John

    2010-01-01

    This report summarizes the proceedings of the Metagenomics, Metadata, Metaanalysis, Models and Metainfrastructure (M5) Roundtable at the 13th International Society for Microbial Ecology Meeting in Seattle, WA, USA August 22-27, 2010. The Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) hosted this meeting as a community engagement exercise to describe the GSC to the microbial ecology community during this important international meeting. The roundtable included five talks given by members of the GSC, and was followed by audience participation in the form of a roundtable discussion. This report summarizes this event. Further information on the GSC and its range of activities can be found at http://www.gensc.org. PMID:21304725

  2. Strange particle production p-Be, p-Pb, Pb-Pb at 158 A GeV/c (WA97 experiment)

    Antinori, Federico; Beusch, Werner; Bloodworth, Ian J; Caliandro, R; Carrer, N; Di Bari, D; Di Liberto, S; Elia, D; Evans, D; Fanebust, K; Fini, R A; Ftácnik, J; Ghidini, B; Grella, G; Helstrup, H; Holme, A K; Huss, D; Jacholkowski, A; Jones, G T; Kinson, J B; Knudson, K; Králik, I; Lenti, V; Lietava, R; Loconsole, R A; Løvhøiden, G; Manzari, V; Mazzoni, M A; Meddi, F; Michalon, A; Michalon-Mentzer, M E; Morando, M; Norman, P I; Pastircák, B; Quercigh, Emanuele; Romano, G; Safarík, K; Sándor, L; Segato, G F; Staroba, P; Thompson, M; Thorsteinsen, T F; Torrieri, G D; Tveter, T S; Urbán, J; Villalobos Baillie, O; Virgili, T; Votruba, M F; Závada, P

    2001-01-01

    The CERN experiment WA97, which studies strange particle production at central rapidity in Pb-Pb, p-Pb, p-Be collisions at 158 A GeV/c, has already reported a pronounced enhancement of hyperon production. This is considered as a sensitive signature for a phase transition to a new state of matter-the quark gluon plasma (QGP). A comprehensive study, including the most recent results, of yields and transverse mass spectra of K/sub S//sup 0/, Lambda , Xi /sup -/, Omega /sup -/ (and antiparticles) and negative particles as a function of the number of nucleons participating in the collisions is presented. (11 refs).

  3. Proyecto Vidas paralelas indígena: revelando el pueblo Piratapuia / Waíkhana del Amazonas, Brasil.

    Evelyn NERY

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este relato de experiencia se refiere al grupo étnico Piratapuia o Waíkhana, que habita el noroccidente del Estado del Amazonas en el Brasil. En este caso, se aborda más especificamente el componente de ese grupo étnico residiendo en el municipio de Santa Isabel do Rio Negro. Se relata la historia del pueblo Saúde Indígena Tempus - Actas de Saúde Coletiva Revista Tempus Actas de Saúde Coletiva 80 Piratapuia más especificamente al componente de ese grupo étnico, en el municipio de Santa Isabel do Rio Negro. Se relata la historia del grupo étnico haciendo énfasis en su migración a partir del Alto Rio Negro para el curso medio del mismo, la influência de la misión saleciana y de la invasión de los buscadores de oro (garimpeiros, así como la convivencia con otras etnias (tukano y yanomami, entre otras. Son mostrados también detalles de la organización social que incluye la estrutura de clanes con sus jerarquías. Se describen las distintas asociaciones indígenas de la región que consiguieron forjar una conciencia en la población del municipío, en donde actualmente 90,0% se asume como perteneciente a grupos étnicos indígenas. Con respecto a la cultura, se detacan las prácticas de cura y auto-cuidado proporcionadas por los “benzederos”. La estructura de sanidad pertenece al polo de Sta. Isabel, con un hospital y una unidad básica de salud, siendo que el Distrito Especial Indígena de Salud fue ampliado para garantizar la cobertura al medio Rio Negro. Sin embargo, se señalan las dificultades generadas por las enormes distancias de desplazamiento.

  4. BASEMAP, Kitsap COUNTY, WA

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — FEMA Framework Basemap datasets comprise six of the seven FGDC themes of geospatial data that are used by most GIS applications (Note: the seventh framework theme,...

  5. TERRAIN, Pierce County, WA

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix N: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  6. At WA9

    1977-01-01

    The Clermont-Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon- Uppsala Collaboration set-up this experiment in the H3 beam of the West Hall for a high precision study of elastic scattering of negative pions on protons, in the Coulomb interference region, in the energy region between 30 and 140 GeV. Here, on the left, centre, the proton recoil spectrometer IKAR which consisted of a ionization chamber filled with hydrogen at 1000 kPa, the gas serving both as target and ionization medium. The experiment also included a forward MWPC spectrometer. On the right, Tord Ekelöf.

  7. Human rheumatoid factor crossidiotypes. II. Primary structure-dependent crossreactive idiotype, PSL2-CRI, present on Wa monoclonal rheumatoid factors is present on Bla and other IgM kappa monoclonal autoantibodies

    1987-01-01

    The amino acid sequence of the L-CDR2 (complementarity-determining region) of Bla mRF (monoclonal rheumatoid factor) is identical to that of the Wa mRFs. The PSL2-CRI (crossreactive idiotype), as determined by anti-PSL2, which has been shown to be present on all Wa mRFs, is also present on the Bla mRF and other monoclonal autoantibodies. PSL2-CRI is, therefore, not unique to Wa mRFs and may be present on most IgM kappa monoclonal autoantibodies. Whether PSL2-CRI is a crossidiotype (XId) that is selectively present on autoantibodies or represents an allotypic marker for a V kappa III gene is undetermined. PMID:3098895

  8. WaLA, a versatile model for the life cycle assessment of urban water systems: Formalism and framework for a modular approach.

    Loubet, Philippe; Roux, Philippe; Bellon-Maurel, Véronique

    2016-01-01

    The emphasis on the sustainable urban water management has increased over the last decades. In this context decision makers need tools to measure and improve the environmental performance of urban water systems (UWS) and their related scenarios. In this paper, we propose a versatile model, named WaLA (Water system Life cycle Assessment), which reduces the complexity of the UWS while ensuring a good representation of water issues and fulfilling life cycle assessment (LCA) requirements. Indeed, LCAs require building UWS models, which can be tedious if several scenarios are to be compared. The WaLA model is based on a framework that uses a "generic component" representing alternately water technology units and water users, with their associated water flows, and the associated impacts due to water deprivation, emissions, operation and infrastructure. UWS scenarios can be built by inter-operating and connecting the technologies and users components in a modular and integrated way. The model calculates life cycle impacts at a monthly temporal resolution for a set of services provided to users, as defined by the scenario. It also provides the ratio of impacts to amount of services provided and useful information for UWS diagnosis or comparison of different scenarios. The model is implemented in a Matlab/Simulink interface thanks to object-oriented programming. The applicability of the model is demonstrated using a virtual case study based on available life cycle inventory data. PMID:26474151

  9. Extending the Coyote emulator to dark energy models with standard $w_0$-$w_a$ parametrization of the equation of state

    Casarini, L; Tessarotto, E; Corasaniti, P -S

    2016-01-01

    We discuss an extension of the Coyote emulator to predict non-linear matter power spectra of dark energy (DE) models with a scale factor dependent equation of state of the form w = w_0 + ( 1 - a )w_a . The extension is based on the mapping rule between non-linear spectra of DE models with constant equation of state and those with time varying one originally introduced in ref. [25]. Using a series of N-body simulations we show that the spectral equivalence is accurate to sub-percent level across the same range of modes and redshift covered by the Coyote suite. Thus, the extended emulator provides a very efficient and accurate tool to predict non-linear power spectra for DE models with w_0 - w_a parametrization. According to the same criteria we have developed a numerical code that we have implemented in a dedicated module for the CAMB code, that can be used in combination with the Coyote Emulator in likelihood analyses of non-linear matter power spectrum measurements. All codes can be found at https://github.c...

  10. The conflicts and dialogues among techno-developmental, ecological, and indigenous paradigms in a globalized modernity: A case study of the U'wa people's resistance against oil development in Colombia

    Lee, Taehwa

    The literature regarding indigenous eco-politics often provides only a partial explanation about interactions among indigenous peoples, environmental NGOs, and players of resource extraction activities. The dissertation argues that previous studies often fossilize indigenous people in time and space by treating them and their worldviews as static. Against this background, the dissertation draws on paradigm analysis and demonstrates how this approach can help tease out the dynamism and complexity inherent to the interactions between paradigm actors, thus helping us reanalyze indigenous peoples and their paradigms as dynamic and evolving venues for creative possibilities. Extensive literature review and field observation are utilized to examine the case study of interactions among the U'wa, environmental NGOs, Occidental Petroleum, Ecopetrol, and the Colombian government. The case study reveals that oil development activities have heralded sharp conflicts among various paradigm actors. It shows how such conflicts and ensuing dialogues among paradigm actors have led to paradigm changes over time and across scales of organization. We find that the U'wa indigenous paradigm poses a legal, political, and cultural challenge to the techno-developmental paradigm of oil development. We find further that paradigm conflicts are both opportunities and challenges for the U'wa to engage with the modern legal system of Colombia. The case study also reveals that complementarities between paradigms are useful starting points for coalitions between the U'wa and environmental NGOs. The ability to cross scales of socio-political organization enabled by modern communication technologies has helped the U'wa and environmental NGOs to successfully challenge the dominant paradigm and its resource extraction activities. However, it also shows that additional political conditions are necessary for successful coalitions between two actors. The case study demonstrates that the U'wa's contemporary reality denies a static image. Therefore, the case study suggests that conventional understanding of the U'wa people and their indigenous paradigm should be re-evaluated. In conclusion, we find that interactions among different paradigm actors are multi-dimensional, dynamic, and complex in character. As economic and political circumstances change, so do practices of each paradigm holder, where the paradigms themselves become dynamic and malleable rather than remaining static. Thus, we need to constantly reanalyze and decode paradigms in order to capture the dynamism and fully grasp contemporary indigenous eco-politics.

  11. Partners in International Research and Education: Student Contributions to the Collaborative Investigation of Bezymianny, Shiveluch, and Karymsky Volcanoes, Kamchatka, Russia and Mount St. Helens, WA, USA.

    Shipman, J. S.; Kayzar, T. M.; Team, P.

    2008-12-01

    Undergraduate and graduate students as well as senior researchers from the U.S., Russia, and Japan are investigating volcanism as participants of the National Science Foundation initiative Partners in International Research and Education (PIRE). The goal of this study is to use the benefits of global comparisons to increase our understanding of explosive volcanism while at the same time developing international collaboration between scientists in the U.S., Russia, and Japan. International collaboration is established through field work in Kamchatka, Russia investigating the active systems of Bezymianny, Shiveluch, and Karymsky volcanoes with a specific focus on historic collapse-blast type eruptions. The Kamchatka volcanic arc provides unique access to multiple active volcanic systems that can be compared and contrasted to the well-studied behavior at Mount St. Helens, WA., USA. Conversely, Mount St. Helens also provides a field setting for Russian and Japanese students to be incorporated in U.S. research. Student participants employ their respective techniques in geochemistry, geophysics, petrology, and remote sensing to study the eruption response of Bezymianny and Shiveluch volcanoes, which have experienced edifice collapse. During the 2008 field season, the increased activity at Bezymianny volcano shortened a planned field expedition. In order to preserve the integrity of the program and provide a safer environment for researchers, alternative field studies began at Karymsky volcano. In July, an anonymously large eruption at Karymsky volcano permitted the collection of unique real-time data of the eruptive event. Here we present student research from three field seasons in the Kamchatka volcanic arc and associated workshops at Mount St. Helens, WA. Results include estimates of magma storage depth, gas emissions measurements, evidence for dynamic thermal regime changes in fresh volcanic deposits, and data constraining magma inputs and sources at each volcano. By contrasting and comparing these systems through integrated study we have the opportunity to isolate factors driving transitions between effusive and explosive activity to better predict the timing of such transitions.

  12. Nisin Z Production by Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris WA2-67 of Aquatic Origin as a Defense Mechanism to Protect Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) Against Lactococcus garvieae.

    Araújo, Carlos; Muñoz-Atienza, Estefanía; Pérez-Sánchez, Tania; Poeta, Patrícia; Igrejas, Gilberto; Hernández, Pablo E; Herranz, Carmen; Ruiz-Zarzuela, Imanol; Cintas, Luis M

    2015-12-01

    Probiotics represent an alternative to chemotherapy and vaccination to control fish diseases, including lactococcosis caused by Lactococcus garvieae. The aims of this study were (i) to determine the in vitro probiotic properties of three bacteriocinogenic Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris of aquatic origin, (ii) to evaluate in vivo the ability of L. cremoris WA2-67 to protect rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) against infection by L. garvieae, and (iii) to demonstrate the role of nisin Z (NisZ) production as an anti-infective mechanism. The three L. cremoris strains survived in freshwater at 18 °C for 7 days, withstood exposure to pH 3.0 and 10 % (v/v) rainbow trout bile, and showed different cell surface hydrophobicity (37.93-58.52 %). The wild-type NisZ-producer L. cremoris WA2-67 and its non-bacteriocinogenic mutant L. cremoris WA2-67 ∆nisZ were administered orally (10(6) CFU/g) to rainbow trout for 21 days and, subsequently, fish were challenged with L. garvieae CLG4 by the cohabitation method. The fish fed with the bacteriocinogenic strain L. cremoris WA2-67 reduced significantly (p infection with the invasive pathogen L. garvieae and the relevance of NisZ production as an anti-infective mechanism. This is the first report demonstrating the effective in vivo role of LAB bacteriocin (NisZ) production as a mechanism to protect fish against bacterial infection. Our results suggest that the wild-type NisZ-producer strain L. cremoris WA2-67 could be used in fish farming to prevent lactococcosis in rainbow trout. PMID:26307018

  13. 76 FR 5838 - Investigations Regarding Certifications of Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    2011-02-02

    ... Eaton Corporation (Company) Three Rivers, MI...... 01/18/11 01/14/11 75105 National Standard/Davis Niles, MI 01/18/11 01/14/11 Wire (Company). 75106 The Factory Company Spokane, WA 01/18/11 01/14/11 International Inc. (State/ One-Stop). 75107 Hewlett Packard, Global Fort Collins, CO...... 01/18/11...

  14. J3-crystallin of the jellyfish lens: similarity to saposins

    Piatigorsky, J.; Norman, B.; Dishaw, L. J.; Kos, L.; Horwitz, J.; Steinbach, P. J.; Kozmik, Zbyněk

    2001-01-01

    Roč. 98, č. 22 (2001), s. 12362-12367. ISSN 0027-8424 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LN00A079 Keywords : crystallin * jellyfish * lens Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 10.890, year: 2001

  15. Shh, Respect Freedom of Speech: The Reasons Why Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare Have Not Been Awarded the Nobel Prize

    Edona Llukacaj

    2015-12-01

    The terrorist attack on the satirical French magazine, Charlie Hebdo, at the beginning of this year, intensified the unremitting debate over the right to freedom of speech and expression, as well as its limitations. Nonetheless, it was almost unanimously agreed that the human right to express personal beliefs, regardless of the fact that they could be in deep disagreement with or even insulting towards the values of certain individuals, groups, or worldviews, should be defended and promoted by the whole human community. It goes without saying that the role of intellectuals and, especially, that of the academia, in promoting tolerance, diversity, and dialogue is essential. However, this does not seem to have been one of the criteria on which the Swedish Academy based its choices, over the past years, for the awarding of the Noble Prize in Literature. Focusing on the literary contributions of Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare, two repeated nominees for the Noble Prize, this paper will attempt to shed light on the reasons why these two heroes of free speech and representation have not been awarded the prestigious prize.

  16. Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J

    It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (Kd) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Qmax based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 deg. C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process.

  17. Characterization of the environmental fate of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kaurstaki (Btk) after pest eradication efforts in Seattle, WA and Fairfax county, VA

    Ticknor, Lawrence [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van Cuyk, Sheila M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Deshpande, Alina [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Omberg, Kristin M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    Understanding the fate of biological agents in the environment will be critical to recovery and restoration efforts after a biological attack. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is conducting experiments in the Seattle, WA and Fairfax County, VA areas to study agent fate in urban environments. As part of their gypsy moth suppression efforts, Washington State and Fairfax County have sprayed Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (Btk), a common organic pesticide for decades. Many of the spray zones have been in or near urban areas. LANL has collected surface and bulk samples from historical Seattle spray zones to characterize how long Btk persists at detectable levels in the environment, and how long it remains viable in different environmental matrices. This work will attempt to address three questions. First, how long does the agent remain viable at detectable levels? Second, what is the approximate magnitude and duration of resuspension? And third, does the agent transport into buildings? Data designed to address the first question will be presented. Preliminary results indicate Btk remains viable in the environment for at least two years.

  18. β-(1 → 3)-Glucanolytic yeasts from Brazilian grape microbiota: production and characterization of β-glucanolytic enzymes by Aureobasidium pullulans 1WA1 cultivated on fungal Mycelium.

    Bauermeister, Anelize; Amador, Ismael R; Pretti, Carla P; Giese, Ellen C; Oliveira, André L M

    2015-01-14

    A total of 95 yeast strains were isolated from the microbiota of different grapes collected at vineyards in southern Brazil. The yeasts were screened for β-(1 → 3)-glucanases using a newly developed zymogram method that relies upon the appearance of clearance zones around growing colonies cultured on agar–botryosphaeran medium and also by submerged fermentation on nutrient medium containing botryosphaeran, a (1 → 3),(1 → 6)-β-d-glucan. Among 14 β-(1 → 3)-glucanase-positive yeasts identified, four strains produced the highest β-glucanolytic activities and were evaluated for enzyme production on cellobiose, botryosphaeran, and mycelial biomass from Botryosphaeria rhodina (MAMB-05). Yeast strain 1WA1 produced the highest β-(1 → 3)-glucanase and β-glucosidase activities and was identified by molecular characterization as Aureobasidium pullulans. The physicochemical properties of the crude β-glucanolytic enzyme preparation were characterized, and the preparation was used to hydrolyze several β-d-glucans (laminarin, botryosphaeran, lasiodiplodan, pustulan, and curdlan). The production and physicochemical properties of the β-glucanolytic preparation enable its potential applications in wine enology and production of prebiotics through hydrolysis of β-d-glucans. PMID:25559084

  19. Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J.

    Shen, Shaobo; Pan, Tonglin; Liu, Xinqiang; Yuan, Lei; Wang, Jinchao; Zhang, Yongjian; Guo, Zhanchen

    2010-07-15

    It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (K(d)) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Q(max) based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 degrees C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process. PMID:20346581

  20. Rheumatoid factors isolated from patients with autoimmune disorders are derived from germline genes distinct from those encoding the Wa, Po, and Bla cross-reactive idiotypes.

    Victor, K D; Randen, I; Thompson, K; Forre, O; Natvig, J B; Fu, S M; Capra, J D

    1991-01-01

    To better understand the structural basis for rheumatoid factor activity, the nucleotide sequence of the light chain variable regions of nine human monospecific IgM rheumatoid factors were analyzed. Rheumatoid factors were isolated from three patients with rheumatoid arthritis, a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus, and a normal individual. The VL gene segments used by these rheumatoid factors are not as restricted as previous work on mixed cryoglobulin rheumatoid factors had suggested. Each of the different VK families is represented and there are two examples where a V lambda gene segment is used. Molecules with structures similar to those of the Wa and Po CRI, characteristic of mixed cryoglobulin rheumatoid factors, are not common among these rheumatoid factors isolated from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. While there are clear examples of rheumatoid factors that are direct copies of germline genes, most of the sequence data suggest that the processes of antigenic selection and somatic mutation contribute significantly to the generation of monospecific rheumatoid factors in patients with autoimmune disease. PMID:2022732

  1. 1999 BPA habitat projects completed within the Asotin Creek Watershed, WA; Ridge-Top to Ridge-Top Habitat Projects; 1999 BPA Completion Report - January 2000

    The Asotin Creek Model Watershed Program (ACMWP) is the primary entity coordinating habitat projects on both private and public lands within the Asotin Creek watershed. The Asotin Creek watershed covers approximately 325 square miles in the Blue Mountains of southeastern Washington in WRIA 35. According to WDFW's Priority WRIA's by At-Risk Stock Significance Map, it is the highest priority in southeastern WA. Snake River spring chinook salmon, summer steelhead and bull trout, which are listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), are present in the watershed. The ACMWP began coordinating habitat projects in 1995. Approximately two hundred seventy-six projects have been implemented through the ACMWP as of 1999. Twenty of these projects were funded in part through Bonneville Power Administration's 1999 Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. These projects used a variety of methods to enhance and protect watershed conditions. In-stream work for fish habitat included construction of hard structures (e.g. vortex rock weirs), meander reconstruction, placement of large woody debris (LWD) and whole trees and improvements to off-channel rearing habitat; thirty-eight were created with these structures. Three miles of stream benefited from riparian improvements such as vegetative plantings (17,000 trees and shrubs) and noxious weed control. Two sediment basin constructions, 67 acres of grass seeding, and seven hundred forty-five acres of minimum till were implemented to reduce sediment production and delivery to streams in the watershed

  2. ONGs, indios y petroléo: El caso U'wa a través de los mapas del territorio en disputa

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available ONGS, INDIENS ET PÉTROLE : LE DOSSIER U'WA À TRAVERS LES CARTES DE LA QUERELLE TERRITORIALE. Cet article explore les cartes du dossier U’wa. Cette confrontation est devenue célèbre suite à la menace de suicide d’un peuple indigène face à un projet pétrolier mené par deux grandes entreprises multinationales, OXY et SHELL, associées à l’État colombien. Le récit d’une “ tribu ” décidée à se suicider au nom de ce qu’elle considère sacré a attiré l’attention des médias du monde entier mais aussi de nombreuses organisations non gouvernementales (ONGs écologiques et des droits de l’homme. Ces dernières ont une participation active dans cette dispute qui se déroule dans le cadre du conflit armé colombien. L’objet de cet article est de mener une réflexion à propos des récits, des images et des représentations avec lesquelles les différents acteurs agissent dans la confrontation. À un certain moment de la controverse, toutes les parties ont préparé et même publié des cartes pour soutenir, souligner et illustrer leur argumentation. Elles montrent toutes le même ensemble de zones : celle de l’aire d’exploitation pétrolière et celles de la réserve indigène légalement reconnue et de l’aire réclamée comme territoire ancestral par les U’wa. Cependant chacun a choisi de montrer la relation entre ces surfaces de façon particulière et met en relief certains éléments. Ces cartes peuvent donc être considérées comme des textes culturels et conforment ainsi un corpus à explorer pour comprendre le conflit. Étant donné que la cartographie prétend être objective, les cartes sont apparemment éloignées des positions qui sont prises dans la discussion. Elles nous offrent, en conséquence, un point de vue privilégié pour entrevoir les hypothèses et les présuppositions de chacun des acteurs. Cet article nous permet une meilleure approcheà travers les cartes, du “ sous-texte ” des antagonistes, des notions, opinions et intentions que les acteurs n'expriment pas de façon explicite, c’est-à-dire de l’inconscient politique de chaque ligne d’argumentation. L’analyse critique de la cartographie nous montre comment, paradoxalement, l’“ agenda ” des ONGs écologiques ressemble à celle des agents du développement pétrolier en s’appuyant sur le même type de catégories et de notions. Il nous montre aussi les dispositifs à travers lesquels la cosmologie indigène est rendue statique et essentielle, devenant en même temps invisible et sans légitimité. El presente artículo hace un análisis del caso U'wa, una confrontación que debe su celebridad a la amenaza de suicidio de un pueblo indígena frente a un proyecto petrolero adelantado por dos grandes compañías (la OXY y la SHELL asociadas con el Estado colombiano. El relato de una “tribu” dispuesta a suicidarse a nombre de lo que ella considera sagrado ha llamado la atención no sólo de los medios en el mundo, sino de numerosas organizaciones no gubernamentales ambientalistas e indigenistas, las que han intervenido de manera activa en esta disputa que se desarrolla en medio del conflicto armado colombiano. El propósito de este artículo es el de adelantar una reflexión sobre el conjunto de relatos, imágenes y representaciones que han guiado las prácticas de los diferentes actores en la confrontación. Todas las partes han preparado e incluso publicado mapas en algún punto de la controversia con el fin de sustentar, resaltar e ilustrar su argumentación. Todos ellos muestran el mismo conjunto de zonas: las del área de explotación petrolera y los territorios indígenas tanto reconocidos por la ley como los reclamados por los indígenas. Cada uno muestra, sin embargo, estas zonas y la relación entre ellas de manera particular y pone en relieve ciertos elementos. Estos mapas se pueden considerar como verdaderos textos culturales y constituyen así un corpus para aproximarnos a la confrontación. Debido a la pretensión de objetividad con la que se expresa la cartografía, los mapas aparecen ajenos a las posiciones que cada uno de los actores ha tomado en la discusión, y nos ofrecen por ello una ventana privilegiada para entrever las hipótesis y los supuestos de los que parten los diferentes actores. Este trabajo nos aproxima, a través de los mapas, al “sub-texto” de los antagonistas, a las nociones, opiniones e intenciones que los actores no expresan explícitamente, es decir al “inconsciente político” detrás de cada línea de argumentación. A partir del análisis de la cartografía se concluye, por una parte, que la “agenda” que defiende el ambientalismo e incluso el indigenismo, tiene mucho más en común con la del desarrollo petrolero de lo que aparenta y por otra, que los mecanismos a través de los cuales se esencializa la cosmología indígena, logran deslegitimarla e invisibilizarla de maneras paradójicas. NGOS, INDIANS AND PETROLEUM: THE U'WA FILE THROUGH THE MAPS OF THE LAND IN DISPUTE. This paper examines the U'wa affair, a confrontation that became well know when a small indigenous group threatened to commit collective suicide in response to an oil exploitation project by two transnational companies (OXY and SHELL associated with the state in Colombia. The story of a “tribe” willing to commit suicide in the name of what they consider to be sacred not only attracted the attention of the media all over the world, but the activism of numerous NGO's devoted to the environment and human rights. These organizations have played a key part in this confrontation which took place in the midst of the Colombian armed conflict. This article reflects on the set of images and representations which has guided the experience and the practice of the actors in dispute. At some point, all parties involved have prepared and even published maps intended to illustrate and sustain their argumentation. These maps all show the same combination of zones: those of the oil exploitation area and the indigenous lands, both the ones recognized by the state and the ancestral territories they claim as theirs. Each map shows these areas and the relation between them, but emphasizing particular features in different ways. They may thus be considered as cultural texts and constitute a corpus of information to approach and understand the conflict. Since cartography represents its objects in an allegedly objective manner, maps appear to be neutral in relation to the positions asserted by every actor. As a consequence, they offer a privileged standpoint from which to identify the hypotheses and assumptions that underlie their actions and enunciations. The paper explores, trough maps, and the “sub-text” in the arguments put forth by each of the antagonists: the notions, opinions and intentions they are not express explicitly (i.e., the “political unconscious” of the argumentation. The critical analysis of the conflict’s cartography shows how much the agenda of the environmental and human rights NGO’s resembles that of the oil boosters, and the means through which the indigenous cosmology is construed as static and essentialist, and in this way, rendered invisible and illegitimate in paradoxical ways.

  3. La??’if, Paraenetica and Prophets: restudying Junta Manuscript Kit?b la??’if al-Anbiy’ wa-fhi Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’

    Ben-Ari, Shosh

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available While examining the genre of “The Stories of the Prophets” (Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’ as background to my dissertation about Abraham in Islamic literature, I received from Prof. J. Sadan a manuscript that he found in the British Library that is related to this genre. Later I found similar versions of the same composition, which led me to try to find how this compilation emerged. The composition is very close to the preaching literature (wa‘?, which deals mainly with moral education, but it also includes stories. I wondered if this is a literary genre, standing by itself, which started out as an aid, auxiliary material for understanding the oral tradition and religious studies, and then became an independent genre, closer to edifying literature, known as Paraenetica, or to the genre of Specula Regis (Mirrors of kings. I describe the manuscript in order to try to reach a conclusion: is this a different literary genre? Is it an educational genre or only a simplified version of stories for a child or a non-Arab ruler whose education was in Arabic language? Or did the writer perhaps want an original name for his compilation, and as the name Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’ was already in use he chose a different name, using a word which also intimates the collection’s small size?

    Trabajando sobre el género de “Historias de los Profetas” (Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’ en el proceso de elaboración de mi tesis sobre Abraham en la literatura islámica, el profesor J. Sadan me envió un manuscrito que había localizado en la British Library relacionado con este género. Posteriormente encontré versiones similares de la misma composición, lo que me animó a profundizar mi investigación sobre sus orígenes. La obra está próxima a la literatura de predicación (wa‘?, que se ocupa principalmente de la educación moral, pero también incluye historias. Me planteé la posibilidad de que éste formarse un género que hubiera surgido como una ayuda, un material auxiliar concebido para entender la tradición oral y los estudios religiosos para, posteriormente, convertirse en un género independiente, más cercano a la Parénesis o al Specula Regis (Espejos de príncipes. Describiré el manuscrito para intentar alcanzar una conclusión sobre ciertas cuestiones: ¿es éste un género literario diferente?, ¿se trata de un género educativo o solamente es una versión simplificada de historias para ilustrar a niños o principiantes de la lengua árabe?, ¿buscaría el autor un nombre original para su compilación, haciendo referencia al reducido tamaño de la colección y descartando el de Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’ por ser conocido?

  4. Radioactivity Assessment of Natural and Artificial Radionuclides in Soil Samples from Tha Phae, La-ngu and Thung Wa Districts in Satun Province, Thailand

    Full text: Specific activities of natural (238U, 226Ra, 232Th and 40K) and artificial anthropogenic (137Cs) radionuclides in 65 soil samples collected from Tha Phae, La-ngu and Thung Wa Districts in Satun province have been measured and analyzed. Experimental results were obtained by using a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector and gamma spectrometry analysis system. Experimental set-up and measurement were carried out at Nuclear and Material Physics Laboratory in Department of Physics Faculty of Science Thaksin University Songkhla Campus. The counting time for each sample was 10,800 seconds or 3 hours. It was found that the soil specific activities ranged from 0.00 to 11608.87 Bq/kg for 40K, 0.00 to 352.57 Bq/kg for 226Ra, 0.00 to 123.28 Bq/kg for 232Th and 0.00 to 16.28 Bq/kg for 137Cs with mean values of 3,248.96 ± 231.32 Bq/kg, 71.35 ± 5.97 Bq/kg, 53.59 ± 2.14 Bq/kg, and 0.68 ± 0.19 Bq/kg, respectively. Furthermore, the results were used to evaluate the absorbed dose rates in air (D), the radium equivalent (Raeq), the external hazard index (Hex) and the annual effective dose rate (AED) for this area. Moreover, the experimental results were compared to the previous data of the Office of Atoms for Peace (OAP). Thailand and global radioactivity measurements and evaluation, including the proposed recommended values the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD, 1979) and the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation

  5. Molecular and phenetic characterization of the bacterial assemblage of Hot Lake, WA, an environment with high concentrations of magnesium sulphate, and its relevance to Mars

    Kilmer, Brian R.; Eberl, Timothy C.; Cunderla, Brent; Chen, Fei; Clark, Benton C.; Schneegurt, Mark A.

    2014-01-01

    Hot Lake (Oroville, WA) is an athalassohaline epsomite lake that can have precipitating concentrations of MgSO4 salts, mainly epsomite. Little biotic study has been done on epsomite lakes and it was unclear whether microbes isolated from epsomite lakes and their margins would fall within recognized halotolerant genera, common soil genera or novel phyla. Our initial study cultivated and characterized epsotolerant bacteria from the lake and its margins. Approximately 100 aerobic heterotrophic microbial isolates were obtained by repetitive streak-plating in high-salt media including either 10% NaCl or 2 M MgSO4. The collected isolates were all bacteria, nearly evenly divided between Gram-positive and Gram-negative clades, the most abundant genera being Halomonas, Idiomarina, Marinobacter, Marinococcus, Nesterenkonia, Nocardiopsis and Planococcus. Bacillus, Corynebacterium, Exiguobacterium, Kocuria and Staphylococcus also were cultured. This initial study included culture-independent community analysis of direct DNA extracts of lake margin soil using PCR-based clone libraries and 16S rRNA gene phylogeny. Clones assigned to Gram-positive bacterial clades (70% of total clones) were dominated by sequences related to uncultured actinobacteria. There were abundant Deltaproteobacteria clones related to bacterial sulphur metabolisms and clones of Legionella and Coxiella. These epsomite lake microbial communities seem to be divided between bacteria primarily associated with hyperhaline environments rich in NaCl and salinotolerant relatives of common soil organisms. Archaea appear to be in low abundance and none were isolated, despite near-saturated salinities. Growth of microbes at very high concentrations of magnesium and other sulphates has relevance to planetary protection and life-detection missions to Mars, where scant liquid water may form as deliquescent brines and appear as eutectic liquids.

  6. Vegetation - Pine Creek WA and Fitzhugh Creek WA [ds484

    California Department of Resources — This fine-scale vegetation classification and map of the Pine Creek and Fitzhugh Creek Wildlife Areas, Modoc County, California was created following FGDC and...

  7. An unedited 1.1 kb mitochondrial orfB gene transcript in the Wild Abortive Cytoplasmic Male Sterility (WA-CMS system of Oryza sativa L. subsp. indica

    Maiti Mrinal K

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The application of hybrid rice technology has significantly increased global rice production during the last three decades. Approximately 90% of the commercially cultivated rice hybrids have been derived through three-line breeding involving the use of WA-CMS lines. It is believed that during the 21st century, hybrid rice technology will make significant contributions to ensure global food security. This study examined the poorly understood molecular basis of the WA-CMS system in rice. Results RFLPs were detected for atp6 and orfB genes in sterile and fertile rice lines, with one copy of each in the mt-genome. The RNA profile was identical in both lines for atp6, but an additional longer orfB transcript was identified in sterile lines. 5' RACE analysis of the long orfB transcript revealed it was 370 bp longer than the normal transcript, with no indication it was chimeric when compared to the genomic DNA sequence. cDNA clones of the longer orfB transcript in sterile lines were sequenced and the transcript was determined unedited. Sterile lines were crossed with the restorer and maintainer lines, and fertile and sterile F1 hybrids were respectively generated. Both hybrids contained two types of orfB transcripts. However, the long transcript underwent editing in the fertile F1 hybrids and remained unedited in the sterile lines. Additionally, the editing of the 1.1 kb orfB transcript co-segregated with fertility restoring alleles in a segregating population of F2 progeny; and the presence of unedited long orfB transcripts was detected in the sterile plants from the F2 segregating population. Conclusion This study helped to assign plausible operative factors responsible for male-sterility in the WA cytoplasm of rice. A new point of departure to dissect the mechanisms governing the CMS-WA system in rice has been identified, which can be applied to further harness the opportunities afforded by hybrid vigor in rice.

  8. Improving spatial concentration estimates for nitrogen oxides using a hybrid meteorological dispersion/land use regression model in Los Angeles, CA and Seattle, WA.

    Wilton, Darren; Szpiro, Adam; Gould, Timothy; Larson, Timothy

    2010-02-01

    Predictions from a simple line source dispersion model, Caline3, were included as a covariate in a land use regression (LUR) model for NO(X)/NO(2) in Los Angeles, CA and Seattle, WA. The Caline3 model prediction assumed a unit emission factor for all roadway segments (1.0g/vehicle-mile). The NO(X) and/or NO(2) measurements for LA and Seattle were obtained from a comprehensive measurement campaign that is part of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Air Pollution Study (MESA Air). The measurement campaigns in both cities were approximately 2weeks in duration employing approximately 145 measurement sites in Greater LA and 26 sites in Seattle. The best "standard" LUR model (obtained without the inclusion of the Caline3 predictions) in LA had R(2) values of 0.53 for NO(X) and 0.74 for NO(2). The leave-one-out cross-validated R(2) values for NO(X) and NO(2) were 0.45 and 0.71, respectively. The equivalent "standard" NO(2) model for Seattle had an R(2) of 0.72 and a leave-one-out cross-validated R(2) of 0.63. When the Caline3 variable was included in the LA hybrid model, the R(2) values were 0.71 and 0.79 for NO(X) and NO(2), respectively. The corresponding cross-validated R(2) values were 0.66 and 0.77, for NOX and NO2, respectively. In Seattle, the inclusion of the Caline3 variable resulted in a NO(2) model with an R(2) of 0.81 and a corresponding cross-validated R(2) of 0.67. In LA, hybrid model performance was not affected by excluding roadways with annual average daily traffic volumes (AADT)vehicles were modelled as separate terms, the estimated fleet average NO(X) emission factors were 8.9 (SE=0.7) and 0.16 (SE=0.12) grams NO(X)/vehicle mile for heavy-duty and lighter-duty vehicles, respectively. These values are consistent with fleet average emission factors computed for LA with EMFAC 2007. PMID:20006373

  9. Study of {Lambda}{sup +}{sub c} production and Pentaquark search in WA89 CERN experiment data; Etude de la production du {Lambda}{sup +}{sub c} et recherche du Pentaquark dans les donnees de l`experience WA89 du CERN

    Charignon, F.

    1995-01-01

    This thesis is dedicated to the study of the {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} charmed baryon and to the ``Pentaquark`` search, within the framework of the CERN WA89 experiment. This fixed target experiment is using a 330 GeV/c hyperon beam. Its aim is the production and the study of baryons carrying charm and strangeness as well as the search of multiquarks. The experimental setup is built around the CERN Omega spectrometer. Production and decay vertices of charmed particles are reconstructed by means of microstrip detectors. Multiwire proportional chambers reconstruct the trajectories in the Omega magnetic field and particle identification is provided by a Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector. An invariant mass signal has been obtained for the {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} in the proton-kaon-pion decay channel. Distorsion effects occurring in the event reconstruction have been taken into account in the estimation of the {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} lifetime and production cross-section. Finally, the exotic multiquark state ``Pentaquark`` was investigated in the channel proton-phi-pion but no signal was observed. (author). 86 refs., 56 figs.

  10. la_push_wa.grd

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NGDC builds and distributes high-resolution, coastal digital elevation models (DEMs) that integrate ocean bathymetry and land topography to support NOAA's mission...

  11. Hydrogeologic Case Studies (Seattle, WA)

    Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

  12. WA zircon undermines major theory

    Analysis of a tiny zircon crystal found in Western Australia suggests the Earth had oceans and continents just 50 million years after a giant impact was supposed to have melted the planet and formed the Moon. The 200-micron crystal comes from ancient rocks in the remote Jack Hills area. Radiometric dating puts its age at 4.404 billion years, more than 100 million years older than the next-oldest known fragment of the Earth. More surprisingly, the ratio of oxygen isotopes indicates the material that formed the zircon had reacted with liquid water - suggesting the Earth had oceans much earlier than anyone had expected. The conventional model is that the top 1000 kilometres of the Earth was molten rock at the time, says John Valley, a geologist at the University of Wisconsin in Madison. The Earth formed 4.55 billion years ago, but the impact of a Mars-sized body about 4.45 billion years ago was thought to have melted the planet again and splashed material into space which formed the Moon. The discovery presents 'real problems' for the lunar impact theory, according to Allan Treiman of the Lunar and Planetary Institute in Houston. On impact. 'an incredible amount of heat gets dumped into the Earth - all the heat of the impact, plus the heat of the object's core' he said. Cooling would take a long time. With only 50 million years between the supposed impact and the time the zircon formed, 'you're running out of time to create the Moon and have the Earth cool down enough to have oceans,' Treiman said. Although a magma ocean might lose heat quickly, cooling would slow once a solid crust covered the liquid. The ancient zircon suggests the Earth's surface was solid rock 4.4 billion years ago, and had even developed continents. Zircons normally form in granites or andesites and these rocks result from the melting of crustal rock and subsequent eruption on continents. The isotope concentration of 180 in the zircon indicates the rocks that melted had previously reacted with liquid water. This implies that surface temperatures were not above 100 deg C at the time. The original rock in which the zircon formed eroded away billions of years ago, but the hard grain survived and was incorporated in a sedimentary rock in the ancient heart of Australia

  13. WA7 - View from downstream

    1977-01-01

    With this set-up the Annecy (LAPP)-CERN-Copenhagen(Niels Bohr Institute)-Genova-Oslo-University College London Collaboration investigated large-angle elastic scattering of charged mesons and antiprotons on protons, first at 20 and 30 GeV/c, later at 50 GeV/c. The beam H1 (from top) passes two CEDAR counters (centre) before entering the one-metre long liquid hydrogen target, partly inside a magnet of 1.56 T, with a field volume of about 1.50x0.75x1.50 m3. In the foreground one sees on the left the hadron calorimeter of the 'slow' arm; on the right, are scintillation hodoscopes and behind them, a treshold Cerenkov counter of the 'fast' arm.

  14. Extended Simulations for the Link Stress and Elevation Control of a Tethered Aerial Robot : Technical Attachment to: “Nonlinear Observer-based Tracking Control of Link Stress and Elevation for a Tethered Aerial Robot using Inertial-only Measurements” presented at 2015 IEEE Intern. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Seattle WA, May 2015

    Tognon, Marco; Franchi, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    This document is a technical attachment to the paper: M. Tognon and A. Franchi, “Nonlinear observer-based tracking control of link stress and elevation for a tethered aerial robot using inertial-only measurements,” in 2015 IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, Seattle, WA, 2015; as an extension of the simulation’s section.

  15. Search of the signals related to the disoriented chiral condensate in the data of the Pb + Pb reaction at 158 A.GeV from the WA98 experiment

    We used the multiplicity detectors of the WA98 apparatus for the Disoriented Chiral Condensate search (DDC). We developed a method of event selection based on 2-D wavelet transformation for the search of π0 or π+- clusters. We use also this method for the localization and characterization of clusters in terms of position and internal structure. The wavelet transformation singles out the signal at every scale in coefficients of two types: those corresponding to a signal smoothing and the wavelet coefficients sensible to signal density variations in case of a 2 D point distribution. By summing over the squared values of the last ones at every scale one can build the strength spectrum which is flat for a uniform distribution and the coefficients of which are sensible to cluster size. This spectrum was used to select the most structured candidates. The authors intend to extend this study by correlating different analysis scales as well as photons and charged particle clusters

  16. How gender disparities drive imbalances in health care leadership

    Hoss MAK; Bobrowski P; McDonagh KJ; Paris NM

    2011-01-01

    Mary Ann Keogh Hoss1, Paula Bobrowski2, Kathryn J McDonagh3, Nancy M Paris41Health Services Administration, Eastern Washington University, College of Business and Public Administration, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Liberal Arts, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 3Executive Relations, Hospira Inc, Lake Forest, IL, USA; 4Georgia Center for Oncology Research and Education, Atlanta, GA, USAAbstract: Low female representation in US hospital chief executive officer positions has persisted for de...

  17. Staff exchange with Spokane Intercollegiate Research and Technology Institute (SIRTI), final project report

    Alexander, G.M.

    1994-12-01

    Staff exchanges, such as the one described in this report, are intended to facilitate communication and collaboration among scientists and engineers at Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories, in U.S. industry, and academia. Funding support for these exchanges is provided by the DOE, Office of Energy Research, Laboratory Technology Transfer Program. Funding levels for each exchange typically range from $20,000 to $40,000. The exchanges offer the opportunity for the laboratories to transfer technology and expertise to industry, gain a perspective on industry`s problems, and develop the basis for further cooperative efforts through Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAS) or other mechanisms.

  18. Results from CERN experiment WA80

    Recent photon-measurement results are presented. Accurate reconstructed and ?0 and ? results have been obtained down to signal/noise ratios of 0.002. The production of ? mesons was found to be consistent with MT scaling observed in hadron-hadron collisions. ''Direct,'' single-photon yields were extracted from high-statistics S+Au data obtained at 200 GeV/nucleon. A slight excess of photons over the number of photons that can be accounted for by hadronic decays was observed for central events. Two-proton correlations were obtained in the target fragmentation region in p+A, 16O+A and 32S+A reaction at 200 GeV/nucleon. Source radii extracted from the correlations were found to follow an A1/3 dependence. This indicates that entire target nuclei are involved in the collisions and that a simple target-spectator picture does not apply at these energies

  19. Coastal Analysis Submission for Pierce County, WA

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Coastal study data as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix D: Final Draft Guidelines for Coastal Flood Hazard Analysis and Mapping for the...

  20. Explanation of IAEA EBP WA1

    An outline of IAEA/ISSC/EBP activities was given and the relation of this WS to those activities was explained. Deep borehole seismic observation is one of the themes in Work Area 1, and the IAEA conveyed its expectation that this WS would lead to the creation of a supplemental document for seismic hazard evaluation to be included in IAEA guide SSG-9 (Seismic Hazards in Site Evaluation for Nuclear Installations). (author)

  1. Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) Project WA1002: PUDGET SOUND - WHIDBEY ISLAND, WA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) is to improve the coordination among federal, state and local government, non-governmental and private...

  2. Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) Project WA1406: OLYMPIA, WA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) is to improve the coordination among federal, state and local government, non-governmental and private...

  3. Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) Project WA1405: STRAIT OF JUAN DE FUCA, WA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) is to improve the coordination among federal, state and local government, non-governmental and private...

  4. 77 FR 12873 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino...

    2012-03-02

    ... determination by the Secretary of the Interior; and (2) development of a casino-resort facility, parking... project site. At full build-out, the proposed casino-resort facility would have approximately 98,442 square feet of gaming floor and a 300-room hotel. The following alternatives are considered in the...

  5. Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002-2003 Annual Report.

    Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2006-02-01

    In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

  6. Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2003-2004 Annual Report.

    Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2005-11-01

    In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

  7. Voisins ou ennemis à Arba Wa Nus ? La mise en scène du quotidien des migrants forcés égyptiens et réfugiés sud soudanais dans un quartier populaire du Caire

    Fabienne Le Houérou

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article tente, à partir de l’outil vidéo et d’une approche théorique interactive, d’explorer les rapports de voisinage entre deux populations de déplacés (Sud Soudanais et Égyptiens du sud dans une zone irrégulière de la mégapole cairote. Une observation des scènes de la vie quotidienne dans les espaces publics de Quatre et demi (Arba Wa Nus permet de poser l’hypothèse d’un territoire essentiellement marqué par la violence des rapports sociaux. Les agressions dont sont victimes les Sud Soudanais, en provenance du Bar El-Ghazal, sont elles le signe de l’émergence de nouveaux racismes liés à l’augmentation des flux de migrants forcés subsahariens ou alors les hostilités quotidiennes sont-elles le produit social suis-generis d’un espace marginal qui se singularise par l’indigence et le déracinement des populations qui y sont installées ?

  8. The effect of higher partial waves (J{>=}3) on the nuclear matter binding energy and saturation density

    Modarres, M., E-mail: mmodares@ut.ac.i [Physics Department, University of Tehran, North-Kargar Ave., 1439955961 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Pourmirjafari, T. [Physics Department, University of Tehran, North-Kargar Ave., 1439955961 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    The available phenomenological nucleon-nucleon (NN) potentials usually fit the experimental phase shifts up to a maximum partial wave (energy). In this work we intend to use the lowest order constrained variational (LOCV) method to calculate the binding energy and the saturation density of nuclear matter (NM) up to the different maximum partial waves (J{sub max}), and investigate their effects on the saturation properties of NM. The NN potentials such as the Reid86, the {Delta}-Reid68, the Reid93 and the Av{sub 18} interactions are used to calculate the saturation energy-density curve of NM with different J{sub max}. It is shown that the higher partial waves have sizable effect on the properties of NM, and it is not possible to ignore them simply. Finally, the contribution of various channel energies in terms of J{sub max} are presented and discussed, and once again concluded that the inclusion of channel dependence of correlation functions are more important than to parameterize them to reduce the amount of computational procedure or to take into account the many-body cluster terms.

  9. States of ρ D* anti D* with J = 3 within the fixed center approximation to the Faddeev equations

    We study the interaction of ρ, D* and anti D* with spins aligned using the fixed center approximation to the Faddeev equations. We select a cluster of D* anti D*, which is found to be bound in I = 0 and can be associated to the X(3915), and let the ρ meson orbit around the D* and anti D*. In this case we find an I = 1 state with mass around 4340 MeV and narrow width of about 50 MeV. We also investigate the case with a cluster of ρD* and let the anti D* orbit around the system of the two states. The ρD* cluster is also found to bind and leads to the D2* state. The addition of the extra anti D* produces further binding and we find, with admitted uncertainties, a state of I = 0 around 4000 MeV, and a less bound narrow state with I = 1 around 4200 MeV. (orig.)

  10. Eigenstates of complex linear combinations of J1, J2, J3 for any representation of SU(2)

    The states which minimalize the uncertainty relation ΔJ1 ΔJ2 >=1/2/3>/ are eigenstates of complex linear combinations of J1 and J2. This kind of states is shown to have a very simple geometrical interpretation in the constellation formalism. A detailed description is given in the present pap

  11. Karakteristik Psikometri Subtes Wortauswahl (WA) Pada Intelligenz Struktur Test (IST)

    Sirait, Dermika

    2016-01-01

    Psychology test consist of a group of item which have been designed in such a manner, in form of questions or statements about something that will be measured (Azwar, 2007). Therefore, the quality of a psychology test determined by it’s items constructor’s quality. A psychology test that good in psychometric is a basic condition to reach the purpose of its test instrument. That’s why that it is so important to analyzing the psychometric properties for each psychology test that be used. The a...

  12. 77 FR 37317 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington, Seattle, WA

    2012-06-21

    ... Seafair Rock and Roll Marathon. This deviation allows the bridge to remain in the closed position to allow... Bridge remain closed to vessel traffic to facilitate safe passage of participants of the Seafair Rock and Roll Marathon. The Rock and Roll Marathon is the largest distance running event in the...

  13. Best Practices Case Study: Quadrant Homes - Kentlake Highlands, Kent, WA

    none,

    2010-09-01

    Case study of Quadrant Homes, a Seattle area builder who, despite the recession, sold three homes a day in the first half of 2009, by letting buyers choose from 300 floor plans and 10,000 options, including an energy efficiency package designed with help from DOE’s Building America that cut energy use by 50% over a code-built home.

  14. Development of blue rose; Aoi bara wa sakuka

    Kondo, T. [Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan); Yoshida, K.

    1998-06-01

    Precise crystalline structures of pigments in petals have been elucidated by structural analysis of the blue pigment in Commelinaceae petals using X-ray analysis. It is found that the Mg ion is coordinated with the oxygen atom on the B-nucleus in the base nucleus of delphinidin (belonging to anthocyanidine, a pigment obtained by separating sugar from anthocyanin by hydrolysis) to develop a blue color, and that the complex is a stable supermolecule in which 6 pigment molecules are associated regularly with 6 flavone molecules. The similar mechanisms are responsible for development of blue color for flowers, and widely occurring in nature. Biosynthesis of anthocyanin, beginning with phenylalanine, undergoes virtually common processes; cyclization of the flavonoide skeleton, reduction to the anthocyanidine nucleus, hydroxylation of the B-nucleus in the base nucleus and glycoside formation at the 3-site. It will be possible to shift rose color to blue, if anthocyanin belonging to anthocyanidine could be bio-synthesized by introducing the gene of enzyme for 3`, 5`-hydroxylation on the base nucleus, which the rose lacks. 4 refs., 4 figs.

  15. Malamih al-Ashwat al-'Arabiyyah wa Makharijaha

    Amrah Muhammad Kasim

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This writing discusses on al-ashwat al-‘arabiyyah that is known with “phonetic” term. It talks and interprets makharij al-huruf or place for producing sounds and also processing production of sounds by parts of mouth in Arabic language. The problems of sounds and its systems in Arabic language have been conducted by the scholars of al-ashwat al-‘arabiyyah attractively, neatly, and detail and gotten ahead the phonetic western scholars. Part of their analysis results formulate the study about al-ashwat al-sakinah (al-Shamit is known with vocal and consonant sounds in research questions shawait – shawamit. Ibnu Jinni has formulated “harakat”(wowel in Arabic language and dimension of letter  mad and liyn on alif  letter - waw - ya’ (ا و ي, from these letters create  harakat fathah, dammah, and kasrah. Moreover, in this writing also exist the description of hija’i letters and its makhraj that are correct from parts of mouth and the unity of coordinative sounds that produce sounds in morphemes arrangement, in one word that produces meaning. The result of phonological study has divided al-ashwat to be kinds of sound like the pronounced sounds, produced sounds from mouth, and heard sound.

  16. 78 FR 46258 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation Lake Washington, Seattle, WA

    2013-07-31

    ... minimize road traffic congestion resulting from the closure of Interstate 90. The Evergreen Point Floating... help minimize traffic congestion during the event. DATES: This deviation is effective from 9:30 a.m. on... 90 will be closed to road traffic during this time, which would divert road traffic onto...

  17. Geological Structures in the WaIls of Vestan Craters

    Mittlefehldt, David; Nathues, A.; Beck, A. W.; Hoffmann, M.; Schaefer, M.; Williams, D. A.

    2014-01-01

    A compelling case can be made that Vesta is the parent asteroid for the howardite, eucrite and diogenite (HED) meteorites [1], although this interpretation has been questioned [2]. Generalized models for the structure of the crust of Vesta have been developed based on petrologic studies of basaltic eucrites, cumulate eucrites and diogenites. These models use inferred cooling rates for different types of HEDs and compositional variations within the clan to posit that the lower crust is dominantly diogenitic in character, cumulate eucrites occur deep in the upper crust, and basaltic eucrites dominate the higher levels of the upper crust [3-5]. These models lack fine-scale resolution and thus do not allow for detailed predictions of crustal structure. Geophysical models predict dike and sill intrusions ought to be present, but their widths may be quite small [6]. The northern hemisphere of Vesta is heavily cratered, and the southern hemisphere is dominated by two 400-500 km diameter basins that excavated deep into the crust [7-8]. Physical modeling of regolith formation on 300 km diameter asteroids predicts that debris layers would reach a few km in thickness, while on asteroids of Vesta's diameter regolith thicknesses would be less [9]. This agrees well with the estimated =1 km thickness of local debris excavated by a 45 km diameter vestan crater [10]. Large craters and basins may have punched through the regolith/megaregolith and exposed primary vestan crustal structures. We will use Dawn Framing Camera (FC) [11] images and color ratio maps from the High Altitude and Low Altitude Mapping Orbits (HAMO, 65 m/pixel; LAMO, 20 m/pixel) to evaluate structures exposed on the walls of craters: two examples are discussed here.

  18. Z zagadnie? leksyki gwarowej – polskie ludowe nazwy wa?ek

    Renata Kucharzyk

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Some problems of the dialectal vocabulary – the Polish folk names of dragonfliesThis paper deals with the Polish folk names of a dragonfly – an insect belonging to the order Odonata. Over 90 Polish dialectal names were gathered and analyzed here. The motivation of these names has been discussed in this paper. Moreover, the information about the geographical occurrence of these lexemes is given here.As it has been appeared, these names mainly refer metaphorically to some typical morphological or behavioral characteristic feature of the dragonfly, for example samolot, lalka, szklarz. Some lexemes reflect also the folk beliefs. For example, there are names in which an association between the dragonfly and the snake is expressed – gadzia g?owa, w?zi pastuch. Generally, the names of a dragonfly in Polish dialects are culturally determined.

  19. DCS Survey Submission for Unincorporated Pierce County, WA

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Survey data includes spatial datasets and data tables necessary to digitally represent data collected in the survey phase of the study. (Source: FEMA Guidelines and...

  20. 2013-2014 USGS Lidar: Olympic Peninsula (WA)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — TASK NAME: USGS Olympic Peninsula Washington LIDAR LiDAR Data Acquisition and Processing Production Task USGS Contract No. G10PC00057 Task Order No. G13PD00849...

  1. DOE ZERH Case Study: Dwell Development, Reclaimed Modern, Seattle, WA

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom home in the cold climate that got a HERS 30 without PV, with 2x8 24” on center walls with blown fiberglass and 4” polysio rigid foam; basement with 2” XPS interior, 4” under slab, 4” exterior of foundation wall; vented attic with R-100 blown cellulose; wo air-to-air heat pumps SEER 14.1; HSPF 9.6; heat pump water heater.

  2. 77 FR 28767 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA

    2012-05-16

    ... of traffic and congestion in the area around the bridge any further delay would not be in the best... hour road traffic on State Routes 3 and 104 by allowing the draw of the bridge to remain closed to... rush hour road traffic by reducing bridge openings, thereby reducing traffic queues and delays due...

  3. PAH bioconcentration in Mytilus sp from Sinclair Inlet, WA

    Frazier, J. [Perstorp Analytical Environmental, Wilsonville, OR (United States); Young, D.; Ozretich, R. [Environmental Protection Agency, Newport, OR (United States); Echols, S. [Northwestern Aquatic Sciences Inc., Newport, OR (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Approximately 20 polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) were measured by GC/MS in seawater and whole soft tissues of the intertidal mussel Mytilus sp. collected in July 1991 within and around Puget Sound`s Sinclair Inlet. Low variability was observed in the water concentrations collected over three days at control sites, yielding reliable values for the exposure levels experienced by this bioindicator mollusk. Mean water concentrations of acenaphthene, phenanthrene, and fluoranthene in the control region were 2.7 {+-} 0.8, 2.8 {+-} 0.8, and 3.1 {+-} 0.7 ng/liter, respectively. Levels measured near sites of vessel activity were higher but much more variable; this reduced the reliability of the tissue/water bioconcentration factors (BCF) obtained from these samples. An empirical model relating values of Log BCF and Log Kow for the control zone samples supports the utility of this estuarine bioindicator for monitoring general levels of PAH in nearshore surface waters.

  4. [Interview]: Alexandre Shvartsburg, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, USA

    Shvartsburg, Alexandre A.

    2012-12-01

    Q1. What are your main research activities in ion mobility mass spectrometry (past or present)? My early efforts focused on the structural characterization of atomic (carbon and semiconductor) clusters. After the production of bulk fullerenes, many hoped that other nanoclusters discovered in the gas phase could also coalesce into new materials. As these studies required accurate and robust mobility calculations for any ion geometry, I strived to build the needed theory and implement it in the Mobcal software widely employed today. Since 2004, I have been developing methods and novel applications of differential IMS (FAIMS) at PNNL. The principal achievement has been raising the resolving power by over tenfold (up to ~400 for multiply-charged peptides) using elevated fields, helium and hydrogen-rich buffers, and extended filtering times. This performance broadly allows previously unthinkable separations of very similar species, for example sequence inversions and post-translational modification localization isomers of peptides (including “middle-down” peptides such as histone tails), lipid regioisomers, and even isotopomers. Another major direction is investigating the dipole alignment of larger proteins, which creates an exceptionally strong FAIMS effect that is a potential tool for structural biology. Q2: What have been the most significant instrumentation or applications developments in the history of ion mobility - mass spectrometry? In 1995 when I started graduate research at Northwestern, only two groups worldwide worked with IMS/MS and “the literature” meant papers by Bowers (UCSB). Well-wishers counseled me to “learn something useful like HPLC, as IMS would never have real utility”. This booklet showcases the scale of change since. First, the practical IMS/ToF platforms for complex biological analyses demonstrated by Clemmer have turned IMS/MS from an esoteric physical chemistry technique into a powerful analytical tool. By commercializing the IMS/ToF technology in Synapt instruments, Waters has greatly increased its impact via expanded number and diversity of applications. Concurrently, Guevremont at Canadian NRC has perfected FAIMS coupled to MS, deployed it for real-world bio and environmental analyses, and widely distributed it in the Ionalytics Selectra system (subsequently installed on Thermo MS platforms). The latest breakthrough is ultra-FAIMS by Owlstone, where extreme fields allow numerous qualitatively new separations and operational modes that we just begin to explore. Q3: Where do you see ion mobility - mass spectrometry making the most impact in the next 5 years? Any predictions for where the field will go? Sciences dealing with perturbations in media (such as optics or acoustics) at some point shift from the linear to nonlinear paradigm, where propagation depends on the magnitude of perturbation or its driving force. While the linear part remains industrially important (e.g., eyewear and architectural glass for optics), frontline research moves to nonlinear phenomena. IMS is undergoing that transition now with the rise of FAIMS, which should continue as the fundamental understanding improves, new modalities and applications emerge, and more instrumentation is introduced by vendors. Modifying and augmenting FAIMS separations through vapor dopants that render ion mobilities less linear is becoming routine. I expect this area to advance, extending to more specific interactions and to complexation with solution additives. Another route to higher separation power is integrating FAIMS with conventional IMS; proliferation of both technologies would make such 2-D platforms common. Along with mass spectrometry and conventional IMS, FAIMS will address increasingly large macromolecules, including proteins and their complexes.

  5. 75 FR 34154 - Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA

    2010-06-16

    ... Register (71 FR 43787; August 2, 2006), announcing our intent to complete a CCP/EA and inviting public...) to prevent disturbance to a great blue heron nesting colony. A new 1.5-mile dike-top walking trail... shortened slightly to provide habitat for dusky Canada geese and cranes. A new 1.5-mile dike- top...

  6. 77 FR 14586 - Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement; Kittitas County, WA

    2012-03-12

    ... Kittitas County, Washington. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Liana Liu, Area Engineer, South Central... should be directed to both Liana Liu (FHWA) and Jason Smith (WSDOT) at the addresses or phone...

  7. Monolithic circuits for the WA98 lead glass calorimeter

    Wintenberg, A.L.; Awes, T.C.; Britton, C.L. Jr. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

    1994-12-31

    Two monolithic circuits developed for readout of a 10,000 element lead glass calorimeter are described. The first contains 8 channels with each channel comprising a charge integrating amplifier, two output amplifiers with gains of one and eight, a timing filter amplifier and a constant fraction discriminator. This IC also contains a maskable, triggerable calibration pulser and circuits needed to form 2 by 2 and 4 by 4 energy sums used to provide trigger signals. The second IC is a companion to the first and contains 16 analog memory channels with 16 cells each, eight time-to-amplitude converters and a 24-channel analog-to-digital converter. The use of the analog memories following the integration function eliminates the need for delay cables preceding it. Characterizations of prototypes are reported, and features included to ease integration if the ICs into a readout system are described.

  8. Al-Ma‘ahid al-Tur?th?yah wa Shuy?‘?yah wa al- ?uruq al-??f?yah

    Khoirul Anwar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper will reveal images Pesantren tradition, Kyai, and the congregation that has not been studied by scholars such as van den Berg, Hurgronje, and Clifford Geertz thus able to capture the real power of intellectual tradition and religious boarding schools. Kyai (charismatic religious teachers/scholars and pesantren (traditional Islamic boarding schools owned and run by kyai have become common subjects of research among scholars studying Islam in Indonesia.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v5i1.761

  9. Metatheatricalizing Communal Exploitation in Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ngugi wa Miriis’ I Will Marry When I want

    Akingbe, Niyi

    2014-01-01

    Metatheatre often refers to the capability of a stage text and performance to ostensibly establish a gamut of commentaries needed to repudiate a pervading social and political quagmire, tellingly obtainable in societies under siege. Metatheatre is a long established theatre tradition which has been sufficiently calibrated in William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream, put into a utilitarian proclivity in Anton Chekhov's The Seagull, and fully aestheticized in Jean Genet's The Balcony and...

  10. Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002 Annual Report.

    Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Department of Natural Resources, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Department of Natural Resources, Wellpinit, WA)

    2003-09-01

    In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial fish assemblages and native fish in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. In 1999, 2000, and 2001 the project began addressing some of the identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

  11. A thick homogeneous vegetated cover design proves cost - and schedule-effective for the reclamation of uranium mills sites near Spokane, Washington

    Blacklaw, J.; Robertson, G.; Stoffel, D.; Ahmad, J.; Fordham, E. [Washington State Dept. of Health, Olympia, WA (United States)] [and others

    1997-08-01

    The Washington State Department of Health (WDOH) has licensed two medium sized uranium mills with tailings impoundments covering 28 and 40 hectares (70 and 100 acres), respectively, The uranium mill licensees have submitted closure and reclamation plans to the state, and site-specific conditions have determined the closure design features, Conventional uranium mill cover designs usually incorporate an overall cap of one to three meters, which includes a low-permeability clay barrier layer. A technical evaluation of several uranium mill facilities that used this design was published in the fall of 1994 and reported that unexpected vegetation root damage had occurred in the low-permeability clay (or bentonite amended) barrier layers. The technical report suggested that the low-permeability design feature at some sites could be compromised within a very short time and the regulatory goal of 1,000 years performance might not be achieved. In October 1994, WDOH sponsored a technical forum meeting to consider design alternatives to address these reliability concerns. Representatives from the federal government, nuclear industry, licensees, engineering firms, and state regulatory agencies attended the workshop. Risk factors considered in the evaluation of the uranium mill reclamation plans include: (1) radon gas emanation through the cover (the air pathway), and (2) migration of hazardous and/or radioactive constituents (the groundwater pathway). Additional design considerations include site structural stability, longevity of 1,000 years, and no active (ongoing) maintenance. 9 refs.

  12. Association between Depressive Symptoms and Metabolic Syndrome in Police Officers: Results from Two Cross-Sectional Studies

    Policing is one of the most dangerous and stressful occupations and such stress can have deleterious effects on health. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome (Met Syn) in male and female police officers from two study populations, Buffalo, NY and Spokane, WA. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale. Met Syn was defined using the 2005 AHA/NHBLI guidelines. Analysis of covariance was used to describe differences in number of Met Syn components across depressive symptom categories. The number of Met Syn components increased significantly across categories of CES-D for Spokane men only (p-trend = 0.003). For each 5-unit increase in CES-D score, odds increased by 47.6% for having hypertriglyceridemia, by 51.8% for having hypertension, and by 56.7% for having glucose intolerance. Exploring this association is important since both are predictors of future chronic health problems and the results could be helpful in developing future gender-specific prevention and intervention efforts among police officers

  13. Hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the midnite mine, northeastern Washington. Report of investigations/1994

    The Midnite Mine is an inactive, hardrock uranium mine on the Spokane Indian Reservation, Stevens County, WA. Oxidation of sulfide-containing minerals, primarily pyrite, in the ore body produces large quantities of acidic water. An interception system installed by the mining company limits the discharge of contaminated water from the mine. The Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Bureau of Land Management have been actively involved in planning remediation of the disturbed areas. To assist in remediation, the U.S. Bureau of Mines initiated research to determine water quality and define groundwater flow characteristics. Bureau personnel designed a monitoring network, supervised installation of sampling wells, and collected and analyzed water samples. This Report of Investigations describes interpretation of data collected between December 1989 to April 1992

  14. The impacts of balanced and exhaust mechanical ventilation on indoor radon

    Models for estimating radon entry rates, indoor radon concentrations, and ventilation rates in houses with a basement or a vented crawl-space and ventilated by natural infiltration, mechanical exhaust ventilation, or balanced mechanical ventilation are described. Simulations are performed for a range of soil and housing characteristics using hourly weather data for the heating season in Spokane, WA. For a house with a basement, we show that any ventilation technique should be acceptable when the soil permeability is less than approximately 10-12m2. However, exhaust ventilation leads to substantially higher indoor radon concentrations than infiltration or balanced ventilation with the same average air exchange rate when the soil permeability is 10-10m2 or greater. For houses with a crawl-space, indoor radon concentrations are lowest with balanced ventilation, intermediate with exhaust ventilation, and highest with infiltration

  15. How gender disparities drive imbalances in health care leadership

    Hoss MAK

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Mary Ann Keogh Hoss1, Paula Bobrowski2, Kathryn J McDonagh3, Nancy M Paris41Health Services Administration, Eastern Washington University, College of Business and Public Administration, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Liberal Arts, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 3Executive Relations, Hospira Inc, Lake Forest, IL, USA; 4Georgia Center for Oncology Research and Education, Atlanta, GA, USAAbstract: Low female representation in US hospital chief executive officer positions has persisted for decades. This article addresses gender disparity in professional development, the rationale for gender differences, and practical strategies to address this imbalance. The health care workforce consists of 75% women, but according to two recent surveys, ie, a state survey and a survey of the top 100 US hospitals, women hold only about 12% of chief executive officer positions in US hospitals. Significant and dedicated efforts by both individuals and organizations are necessary to rectify this imbalance.Keywords: gender, imbalance, leadership, United States, hospitals

  16. Unveiling the physical properties and kinematics of molecular gas in the Antennae Galaxies (NGC 4038/9) through high resolution CO (J = 3-2) observations

    Ueda, Junko; Petitpas, Glen; Yun, Min S; Ho, Paul T P; Kawabe, Ryohei; Mao, Rui-Qing; Martin, Sergio; Matsushita, Satoki; Peck, Alison B; Tamura, Yoichi; Wang, Junzhi; Wang, Zhong; Wilson, Christine D; Zhang, Qizhou

    2011-01-01

    We present a ~ 1" (100 pc) resolution 12CO (3-2) map of the nearby intermediate stage interacting galaxy pair NGC 4038/9 (the Antennae galaxies) obtained with the Submillimeter Array. We find that half the CO (3-2) emission originates in the overlap region where most of the tidally induced star formation had been previously found in shorter wavelength images, with the rest being centered on each of the nuclei. The gross distribution is consistent with lower resolution single dish images, but we show for the first time the detailed distribution of the warm and dense molecular gas across this galaxy pair at resolutions comparable to the size of a typical giant molecular complex. While we find that 58% (33/57) of the spatially resolved Giant Molecular Associations (GMAs; a few x 100 pc) are located in the overlap region, only \\leqq 30% spatially coincides with the optically detected star clusters, suggesting that the bulk of the CO (3-2) emission traces the regions with very recent or near future star formation ...

  17. UNVEILING THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND KINEMATICS OF MOLECULAR GAS IN THE ANTENNAE GALAXIES (NGC 4038/9) THROUGH HIGH-RESOLUTION CO (J = 3-2) OBSERVATIONS

    Ueda, Junko; Iono, Daisuke; Kawabe, Ryohei; Tamura, Yoichi [Nobeyama Radio Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 462-2 Minamimaki, Minamisaku, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan); Petitpas, Glen; Ho, Paul T. P.; Peck, Alison B.; Wang Zhong; Zhang Qizhou [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Yun, Min S. [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Mao Ruiqing [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 210008 Nanjing (China); Martin, Sergio [European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19 (Chile); Matsushita, Satoki [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Wang Junzhi [Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University, 22 Road, Nanjing 210093 (China); Wilson, Christine D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4M1 (Canada)

    2012-01-20

    We present a {approx}1'' (100 pc) resolution {sup 12}CO (3-2) map of the nearby intermediate-stage interacting galaxy pair NGC 4038/9 (the Antennae galaxies) obtained with the Submillimeter Array. We find that half the CO (3-2) emission originates in the overlap region where most of the tidally induced star formation had been previously found in shorter wavelength images, with the rest being centered on each of the nuclei. The gross distribution is consistent with lower resolution single-dish images, but we show for the first time the detailed distribution of the warm and dense molecular gas across this galaxy pair at resolutions comparable to the size of a typical giant molecular complex. While we find that 58% (33/57) of the spatially resolved Giant Molecular Associations (a few Multiplication-Sign 100 pc) are located in the overlap region, only {<=}30% spatially coincides with the optically detected star clusters, suggesting that the bulk of the CO (3-2) emission traces the regions with very recent or near future star formation activity. The spatial distribution of the CO (3-2)/CO (1-0) integrated brightness temperature ratios mainly ranges between 0.3 and 0.6, which suggests that on average the CO (3-2) line in the Antennae is not completely thermalized and similar to the average values of nearby spirals. A higher ratio is seen in both nuclei and the southern complexes in the overlap region. A higher radiation field associated with intense star formation can account for the nucleus of NGC 4038 and the overlap region, but the nuclear region of NGC 4039 shows relatively little star formation or active galactic nucleus activity and cannot be easily explained. We show kinematical evidence that the high line ratio in NGC 4039 is possibly caused by gas inflow into the counter-rotating central disk.

  18. States of ρ D{sup *} anti D{sup *} with J = 3 within the fixed center approximation to the Faddeev equations

    Bayar, M. [Kocaeli University, Department of Physics, Izmit (Turkey); Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain); Ren, Xiu-Lei [Beihang University, School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering and International Research Center for Nuclei and Particles in the Cosmos, Beijing (China); Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain); Oset, E. [Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain)

    2015-05-15

    We study the interaction of ρ, D* and anti D* with spins aligned using the fixed center approximation to the Faddeev equations. We select a cluster of D{sup *} anti D{sup *}, which is found to be bound in I = 0 and can be associated to the X(3915), and let the ρ meson orbit around the D* and anti D*. In this case we find an I = 1 state with mass around 4340 MeV and narrow width of about 50 MeV. We also investigate the case with a cluster of ρD* and let the anti D* orbit around the system of the two states. The ρD* cluster is also found to bind and leads to the D{sub 2}{sup *} state. The addition of the extra anti D* produces further binding and we find, with admitted uncertainties, a state of I = 0 around 4000 MeV, and a less bound narrow state with I = 1 around 4200 MeV. (orig.)

  19. Wa re o Bona e Hlotša, wa e Nametša Thaba! Bibele, Basadi ba Maafrika ba Afrika-Borwa le HIV le AIDS

    Madipoane Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele)

    2010-01-01

    The question of the history of the reception of the Christian Bible in South Africa particularly by African- South Africans has not been a smooth ride. It was part of a bigger package that included among others, the importation of European patriarchy onto African soil, the land grabbing exercise which resulted in among others, the impoverishment of African peoples and, the emasculation of the African man. The latter in turn led to the intensification of patriarchy within the average African f...

  20. An automated sleep-state classification algorithm for quantifying sleep timing and sleep-dependent dynamics of electroencephalographic and cerebral metabolic parameters

    Rempe MJ

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Michael J Rempe,1,2 William C Clegern,2 Jonathan P Wisor2 1Mathematics and Computer Science, Whitworth University, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Medical Sciences and Sleep and Performance Research Center, Washington State University, Spokane, WA, USAIntroduction: Rodent sleep research uses electroencephalography (EEG and electromyography (EMG to determine the sleep state of an animal at any given time. EEG and EMG signals, typically sampled at >100 Hz, are segmented arbitrarily into epochs of equal duration (usually 2–10 seconds, and each epoch is scored as wake, slow-wave sleep (SWS, or rapid-eye-movement sleep (REMS, on the basis of visual inspection. Automated state scoring can minimize the burden associated with state and thereby facilitate the use of shorter epoch durations.Methods: We developed a semiautomated state-scoring procedure that uses a combination of principal component analysis and naïve Bayes classification, with the EEG and EMG as inputs. We validated this algorithm against human-scored sleep-state scoring of data from C57BL/6J and BALB/CJ mice. We then applied a general homeostatic model to characterize the state-dependent dynamics of sleep slow-wave activity and cerebral glycolytic flux, measured as lactate concentration.Results: More than 89% of epochs scored as wake or SWS by the human were scored as the same state by the machine, whether scoring in 2-second or 10-second epochs. The majority of epochs scored as REMS by the human were also scored as REMS by the machine. However, of epochs scored as REMS by the human, more than 10% were scored as SWS by the machine and 18 (10-second epochs to 28% (2-second epochs were scored as wake. These biases were not strain-specific, as strain differences in sleep-state timing relative to the light/dark cycle, EEG power spectral profiles, and the homeostatic dynamics of both slow waves and lactate were detected equally effectively with the automated method or the manual scoring method. Error associated with mathematical modeling of temporal dynamics of both EEG slow-wave activity and cerebral lactate either did not differ significantly when state scoring was done with automated versus visual scoring, or was reduced with automated state scoring relative to manual classification.Conclusions: Machine scoring is as effective as human scoring in detecting experimental effects in rodent sleep studies. Automated scoring is an efficient alternative to visual inspection in studies of strain differences in sleep and the temporal dynamics of sleep-related physiological parameters.Keywords: EEG, automated scoring, principal component analysis, Bayes classification

  1. 77 FR 27021 - Foreign-Trade Zone 129-Bellingham, WA; Application for Reorganization Under Alternative Site...

    2012-05-08

    ... Board on September 4, 1986 (Board Order 335, 51 FR 32238, 09/10/1986) and expanded on November 16, 1992 (Board Order 608, 57 FR 56902, 12/01/1992). The current zone project includes the following sites: Site 1... September 4, 1986 (51 FR 32238, 09/10/1986) and expanded on January 11, 1993 (Board Order 627, 58 FR...

  2. Pacific Northwest Environmental Executive Directors: Science SessionSeattle, WA Presentation

    Science is one of many important factors that inform natural resource policy decisions. I will discuss past and current experiences on integrating science into environmental governance and stewardship, how some approaches have been more effective than others, how forecasted budg...

  3. Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YCL020W, YDR261W-A [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database

    Full Text Available YCL020W - Retrotransposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol; translated as TYA or TYA-TYB ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ...

  4. GIS Based Mapping and Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste Collection System in Wa, Ghana

    Hamidu Abdulai; Rafaat Hussein; Eddie Bevilacqua; Mark Storrings

    2015-01-01

    Collection of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is important in every waste management program. Communal container collection systems appear most prevalent in many developing countries. However, this collection system is associated with problems such as overflow of waste containers, ground dumping at collection sites, and open/indiscriminate dumping at unauthorized places. The spatial distribution of these activities present potential contamination challenges to water resources. S...

  5. 75 FR 8563 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA

    2010-02-25

    ... public dockets in the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Public Meeting We do... access to emergency response craft in the event of an emergency. The Captain of the Port, Puget Sound may... means to provide the widest publicity among the affected segments of the public. This will...

  6. H12419: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Admiralty Inlet, WA, 2012-05-24

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  7. Time and Space in W.A. Mozart's Ave Verum Corpus (1791)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    A discussion and interpretation of Mozart's famous motet contextualised through historical considerations of music, theology and aesthetics inspired by K.E. Løgstrup's notion of the fictive space of a melody....

  8. 77 FR 57019 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    2012-09-17

    ...: BNSF Railway has requested that the draw of the BNSF Railway Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship... period is from 7 a.m. November 7, 2012 through 5 p.m. November 18, 2012. This deviation allows the draw... Engineering Hiram M. Chittenden lock immediately upstream or inland of the bridge on the Lake Washington...

  9. 75 FR 57167 - Safety Zone; CLS Fall Championship Hydroplane Race, Lake Sammamish, WA

    2010-09-20

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; CLS Fall Championship Hydroplane Race, Lake... (CLS) Fall Championship Hydroplane Race. This action is necessary to ensure public safety from the intrinsic dangers associated with high- speed races while ensuring unencumbered access for rescue...

  10. Decontamination and decommissioning assessment for the Waste Incineration Facility (Building 232-Z) Hanford Site, [Hanford], WA

    Building 232-Z is an element of the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. From 1961 until 1972, plutonium-bearing combustible materials were incinerated in the building. Between 1972 and 1983, following shutdown of the incinerator, the facility was used for waste segregation activities. The facility was placed in retired inactive status in 1984 and classified as a Limited Control Facility pursuant to DOE Order 5480.5, Safety of Nuclear Facilities, and 6430.1A, General Design Criteria. The current plutonium inventory within the building is estimated to be approximately 848 grams, the majority of which is retained within the process hood ventilation system. As a contaminated retired facility, Building 232-Z is included in the DOE Surplus Facility Management Program. The objective of this Decontamination and Decommissioning (D ampersand D) assessment is to remove Building 232-Z, thereby elmininating the radiological and environmental hazards associated with the plutonium inventory within the structure. The steps to accomplish the plan objectives are: (1) identifying the locations of the most significant amounts of plutonium, (2) removing residual plutonium, (3) removing and decontaminating remaining building equipment, (4) dismantling the remaining structure, and (5) closing out the project

  11. Muhammad Quraish Shihab wa Ārā’uhu al-Fiqhiyyah

    Fathurrahman Jamil

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The Qur'an is believed by Muslims as the most important source of Islamic teachings. Legal matters (ahkam,which are part of (or earn the most important aspect of Islam, must also be one of the concerns of the Qur'an. But does it mean that a mufassir (exegete, since he also has the deal with the legal verses, is automatically a legal expert? In order to answer that question, the writer of this article justifiably did two of the following steps. First, he chose a mufassir as d case study; second, be decided to put forward a set of legal issues and to see that the chosen mufassir had to say about them. The mufassir that he chose is Quraish Shihab, one of Indonesian scholars who was a director of IAIN Jakarta. As for the legal problems, the writer chose to discuss the follouring: qat'iy-zhanniy (absolute-relative [meaning of the Qur'anic verses], naskh-mansukh (the abrogating-abrogated verses, and the role of the prophetic tradition vis-a-vis the Qur'an.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v6i2.734 

  12. View of the WA3 set-up from upstream the beam entering the hydrogen target.

    1977-01-01

    The Amsterdam-CERN-Cracow-Munich-Oxford-Rutherford (ACCMOR)Collaboration set-up this experiment in the H1 beam of West Hall to study a variety of exclusive hadron reactions over a wide kinematic range up to 100 GeV/c incident momentum.

  13. 75 FR 27638 - Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines, Hood Canal, WA

    2010-05-18

    ... the Federal Register (75 FR 1706). We received one comment on the proposed rule that was actually meant for a related interim rule published on the same date at (75 FR 1709). That comment is addressed... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA11 Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines,...

  14. 75 FR 1706 - Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines, Hood Canal, WA

    2010-01-13

    ..., 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA11 Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines, Hood... be in effect whenever any U.S. Navy submarine is operating in the Hood Canal and being escorted...

  15. 2004 Puget Sound Lidar Consortium (PSLC) Topographic Bare-Earth Lidar: Pierce County, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Terrapoint surveyed and created this data for the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium under contract. The project area covers approximately 814 square miles of western...

  16. 76 FR 9051 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA and...

    2011-02-16

    ... Completion published in the Federal Register (75 FR 14463, March 25, 2010). Since the time of publication, an... March 18, 2011. Repatriation of the human remains to the Samish Indian Tribe, Washington, may proceed... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural...

  17. Scope of fillet weld strength. Suminiku yosetsubu no kyodo wa donoyonishite kimaruka

    Hashimoto, K.; Tanuma, Y. (Hokkaido Inst. of Technology, Hokkaido (Japan))

    1992-06-05

    Fillet welding is the method to make a seam depositting weld metal on the corner of a base metal without any egde preparation such as grooving. It is widely used because of the merit that no preparation is required. On the other hand it is not applied to the major structural joints because of its insufficient reliability due to many factors of the seams being still uncertain. These factors are considered to affect fillet weld joint strengths and are generally devided into 3 groups depending on their causes: First, the direction and kind of stresses, joint types, shapes and sizes of seams, all ascribed to designing; second, mechanical properties and weldability of base and weld metals ascribed to material; third, the amount of fusion penetration, pass numbers, temperature transitions at roots, toes and both ends of welded seams ascribed to welding work. The effect of each factor on weld strength is explained in this paper togetherwith its countermeasure. 13 refs., 7 tabs.

  18. 75 FR 23804 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA

    2010-05-04

    ... the donation (post-World War II), this individual is reasonably believed to have been collected by military personnel. The museum's inventory book identifies the human remains as being part of the...

  19. 76 FR 41286 - Conboy Lake and Toppenish National Wildlife Refuges, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...

    2011-07-13

    ... and Toppenish NWRs CCP'' in the subject line of the message. Fax: Attn: Dan Haas, Planning Team Leader... role in the management of mallards, northern pintails, and tundra swans during migration periods, and... unmanaged wetlands fills an important role in the management of mallards, northern pintails, and...

  20. NOAA Office for Coastal Management Coastal Inundation Digital Elevation Model: Seattle (WA) WFO - Grays Harbor County

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This digital elevation model (DEM) is a part of a series of DEMs produced for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Office for Coastal Management's...

  1. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Clifton View Homes — Kaltenbach Residence, Clinton, WA

    none,

    2014-09-01

    This home on Whidbey Island won a Custom Builder award in the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards. The DOE Zero Energy Ready Home scores HERS 37 without PV or HERS -13 with 10 kW PV, enough to power the home and an electric car.

  2. DOE ZERH Case Study: TC Legend Homes, Bellingham Power House, Bellingham, WA

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom home in the marine climate that got HERS 34 without PV or HERS -12 with PV, with 6” SIP walls and 10” SIP roof; R-28 ICF around slab, R-20 rigid foam under slab; radiant floor heat and passive design; air-to-water heat pump COP 4.4; HRV; earth tube ventilation; triple-pane windows, 100% LED.

  3. 77 FR 16852 - Notice of Reclassification of Five Regional Offices to Investigative Field Offices: Seattle, WA...

    2012-03-22

    ... organization of the Department (such as the establishment of new or combination of existing organization units... headquarters organization will not be affected by this realignment. Like all HUD/OIG Office of Investigation... metropolitan areas. With regard to the offices that will be closed, these offices have been downsizing to...

  4. IEEE 1988 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Seattle, WA, Aug. 2-4, 1988, Record

    Various papers on electromagnetic compatibility are presented. Some of the optics considered include: field-to-wire coupling 1 to 18 GHz, SHF/EHF field-to-wire coupling model, numerical method for the analysis of coupling to thin wire structures, spread-spectrum system with an adaptive array for combating interference, technique to select the optimum modulation indices for suppression of undesired signals for simultaneous range and data operations, development of a MHz RF leak detector technique for aircraft harness surveillance, and performance of standard aperture shielding techniques at microwave frequncies. Also discussed are: spectrum efficiency of spread-spectrum systems, control of power supply ripple produced sidebands in microwave transistor amplifiers, an intership SATCOM versus radar electromagnetic interference prediction model, considerations in the design of a broadband E-field sensing system, unique bonding methods for spacecraft, and review of EMC practice for launch vehicle systems.

  5. 75 FR 60352 - Proposed Modification of the Seattle, WA, Class B Airspace Area; Public Meetings

    2010-09-30

    ... CONTACT: To obtain details including a graphic depiction regarding this proposal, please contact Everett... to deliver comments or make a presentation, although a time limit may be imposed. Only comments... to attend and participate. (c) Any person wishing to make a presentation to the FAA panel will...

  6. 75 FR 43563 - Pendleton Woolen Mills, Inc., Washougal, WA; Notice of Negative Determination Regarding...

    2010-07-26

    ... was signed on April 1, 2010, and published in the Federal Register on May 5, 2010 (75 FR 24751... determination of facts not previously considered or (2) a misinterpretation of facts or of the law justifying... investigative findings, I conclude that there has been no error or misinterpretation of the law or of the...

  7. Hundimiento de las aguas al sur de Cuba Downwelling wa ters in the south of Cuba

    Benigno Hernández

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizan 23 estaciones oceanográficas a bordo del Buque de Investigaciones Científicas BIC "Ulises" en marzo de 1994 y abril de 1996 en el polígono de estudio situado en los 21°00'-21°30'N y 81°50'-83°00'W al sureste de la Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, con el objetivo de estudiar algunas de las relaciones hidrofísicas que controlan la dinámica de las larvas de langosta espinosa Panulirus argus en la interfase del talud con el océano. Se analizan el viento, transporte Ekman, turbulencia, profundidad de inicio de la termoclina, temperatura superficial del mar y estabilidad vertical en el hundimiento de las aguas cercanas al talud en los dos cruceros de primavera. El índice de transporte (IT mostró un movimiento neto hacia la costa, provocando un hundimiento en la zona cercana al talud. El hundimiento produce un efecto de mezcla o falso afloramiento llamado "efecto cascada" que mantiene los nutrientes resuspendidos por un período que varía según la intensidad del viento y las corrientes imperantes en la zona. Este efecto, al parecer, es responsable de la retención larvaria en esta regiónTake account 23 oceanographic stations on Oceanographic Research Vessel BIC "Ulises" in March 1994 and April 1996 in the study polygon located in the 21°00'-21°30'N and 81°50'-83°00'W in southwest of Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, with the main objective to study hydrophysical relationships that control the dynamics of the Panulirus argus spiny lobster larvae in the boundary shelf. Importance of the wind, Ekman transport, turbulence, depth of the top of the thermocline, sea surface temperature, vertical stability in the convergence or downwelling nearshore waters in this important area of spawns, was demonstrated. Transport Index (IT showed a net movement toward the coast causing nearshore downwelling. The downwelling produces a mixture effect or false upwelling called also "cascade effect" that maintains nutrients suspended for one period that varies according to the wind intensity and the prevailing currents in the area. This effect apparently, is responsible for the larvae retention in this region

  8. DCS Terrain Submission for City of Woodland PAL, Cowlitz County WA

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix M: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  9. Results on charm and beauty production from the CERN WA92 experiment

    Results concerning the production of charm and beauty hadrons in ?-interactions in thin metal targets at ?s=26 GeV are presented. In order to select events containing heavy quarks, the combined information of the CERN ?' spectrometer and of a high-resolution silicon detector that allowed direct observation of the decay vertices of short-lived hadrons have been used. In the 20% of our data sample analysed so far there are 81 events where the decay vertices of two charmed hadrons are detected. Results are compared with QCD predictions. The same data sample is used to search for the production of beauty particles. Preliminary indications are that the number of events found is compatible with published measurements of the beauty cross-section. (author). 14 refs., 4 figs

  10. NOAA Office for Coastal Management Coastal Inundation Digital Elevation Model: Portland WFO (WA)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This digital elevation model (DEM) is a part of a series of DEMs produced for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Office for Coastal Management's...

  11. 75 FR 72781 - Buckhorn Exploration Project 2010, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA

    2010-11-26

    ... phase. The initial drill hole spacing would range from 400 to 500 feet between drill holes. If initial.... Continued favorable drill results would require drill hole spacing from 50 to 100 feet apart. The drill..., Geology & Earth Resources Division Manager is the SEPA responsible official for EIS...

  12. 78 FR 21401 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Central Washington University, Ellensburg, WA

    2013-04-10

    ... Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human... identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a..., preferring to die where their bones might rest in the sand hills beside their ancestors. James Mooney...

  13. 78 FR 50094 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Maxey Museum, Walla Walla, WA

    2013-08-16

    ... Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human... tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of... that have been ground with stone tools or from eating foods that have been gritted with sand....

  14. Sensitivity Analysis of Parameters Affecting Protection of Water Resources at Hanford WA

    The scope of this analysis was to assess the sensitivity of contaminant fluxes from the vadose zone to the water table, to several parameters, some of which can be controlled by operational considerations

  15. DIRASAH AL-USLUB WA AL-USLUBIYAH FI NAQD AL-ARABY

    Habibullah Ali Ibrahim Ali

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we addressed method and style in Arabic criticism. By the efforts of Arab critics of old and new issue, the subjects of study were as follows: First, the stylistic origins. It means a stylistic in linguistic and rhetoric and literary criticism and other related; Second, analysis of stylistic levels where we focus on stylistic study premises for literary texts; Third, a study of the method in the old Arab criticism, in this part of the study, we noted some efforts by Arab critics about stylistic and their relevance studies in this stylistic aspect; Fourth, the stylistic of contemporary Arab criticism. This aspect of the survey stood at some critics of contemporary Arab studies in Stylistics, as stated what distinguishes each study than other studies. It is included as an appendix in whale most important results achieved in this study.

  16. GigaWaM—Next-Generation WDM-PON Enabling Gigabit Per-User Data Bandwidth

    Prince, Kamau; Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood; Rodes Lopez, Roberto; Hviid, Erling; Mikkelsen, Christian Ingemann; Neumeyr, Christian; Ortsiefer, Markus; Rönneberg, Enno; Rosskopf, Jürgen; Öhlén, Peter; de Betou, Einar In; Stoltz, Björn; Goobar, Edgard; Olsson, Jörgen; Fletcher, Richard; Abbott, Chris; Rask, Michael; Plappert, Nora; Vollrath, Gunther; Tafur Monroy, Idelfonso

    2012-01-01

    The “Gigabit access passive optical network using wavelength division multiplexing” project aims to implement 64-Gb/s data transmission over 20-km single-mode fiber. Per-user symmetric data rates of 1-Gb/s will be achieved using wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) a...

  17. 78 FR 5200 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  18. 78 FR 19297 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-03-29

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  19. 78 FR 25471 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-05-01

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  20. 78 FR 11673 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-02-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in..., Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the...

  1. 77 FR 51563 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2012-08-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains...

  2. 78 FR 5198 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to...

  3. 78 FR 22286 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-04-15

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. If no additional...

  4. 78 FR 5201 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated...

  5. 78 FR 19298 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-03-29

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated...

  6. WAED-HP-103, Health Physics Manual, Revision XII, March 1981. Final report

    The project scope of work included the complete decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) of the Westinghouse ARD Fuel Laboratories at the Cheswick Site in the shortest possible time. This has been accomplished in the following four phases: (1) preparation of documents and necessary paperwork; packaging and shipping of all special nuclear materials in an acceptable form to a reprocessing agency; (2) decontamination of all facilities, glove boxes and equipment; loading of generated waste into bins, barrels and strong wooden boxes; (3) shipping of all bins, barrels and boxes containing waste to the designated burial site; removal of all utility services from the laboratories; (4) final survey of remaining facilities and certification for nonrestricted use; preparation of final report. This attachment describes the responsibilities, standards, practices and procedures for radiaton protection and safety in the facilities of the Westinghouse Electric Corporation at Cheswick, Pennsylvania. In addition to the application of these standards and procedures, there is continual surveillance of the operations, equipment, and personnel to detect and correct any conditions which might create a health or accident hazard

  7. Jihad, Da'wa and Hijra: Islamic Missionary Movements in Europe

    Gugler, Thomas K.

    2009-01-01

    Revised version of a lecture held at the conference "Islamic Fundamentalism and Sufism: Continuities and Confrontations through Modernity and Globalization" at the University of Haifa from July 1-4, 2007. The new Islamic presence in Europe, which is the consequence of massive and voluntary settlement of millions of Muslims in Western societies, owes its visibility partly to the Muslim missionary movements from South, which have proven specific strengths in shaping the Islamic-religious fields...

  8. Moving a module of the calorimeter for the WA18 experiment

    1977-01-01

    The first of thirteen modules of a marble plate calorimeter en route for the installation in the SPS neutrino beam for an investigation of neutral currents. The experiment was set-up by the CHARM Collaboration (CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome-Moscow)

  9. 77 FR 38236 - Special Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival, Carr Inlet, Cutts Island, WA

    2012-06-27

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 RIN 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival... Music Festival and would do so by establishing speed and towing restrictions, limiting the number of... the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Public Meeting We do not now plan...

  10. 77 FR 27085 - TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, WA; Notice of Negative Determination...

    2012-05-08

    ... Negative Determination Regarding Application for Reconsideration By application dated March 6, 2012, a... Department of Labor's negative determination regarding eligibility to apply for Trade Adjustment Assistance... Determination was published in the Federal Register on March 6, 2012 (77 FR 13355). Pursuant to 29 CFR...

  11. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: TC Legend Homes — Cedarwood, Bellingham, WA

    none,

    2014-09-01

    This house was the Grand Winner in the Affordable Builder category of the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards, and has 6-inch SIP walls, a 10-inch structural insulated panel roof, and insulating concrete forms foundation walls with R-20 high-density rigid EPS foam under the slab.A single ductless heat pump heats and cools the home, which also gets passive solar heating from south-facing triple-pane windows that heat a concrete slab floor plus a connected greenhouse.

  12. 76 FR 60587 - Environmental Impact Statement; North Corridor Transit Project, Seattle (WA) Metropolitan Area...

    2011-09-29

    ... State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA). This Notice of Intent initiates scoping for the EIS, invites...) Report and SEPA Addendum(available at http://www.soundtransit.org/NCTP ) responds to Federal regulations... serves as an addendum under the Washington State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) to Sound...

  13. Dense Medium Plasma Water Purification Reactor (DMP WaPR) Project

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Dense Medium Plasma Water Purification Reactor offers significant improvements over existing water purification technologies used in Advanced Life Support...

  14. Mechanism of Al-Wa’Ad (Promise): Teory and Application in Islamic Banking in Malaysia

    Nor Adila bt. Mohd Noor; Mohd Ashraf b. Aripin

    2010-01-01

    Contract according to Syariah Law can be defined as being “an expression of the matching between a positive proposal made by one of the contractors and the acceptance of the other contractor in a way which has an impact on the subject of the contract” . There are standard requirements provides by the law in order to constitute a valid binding contract namely offer, acceptance, consideration, and intention to create legal relation. This requirement is more or less the same ...

  15. port_townsend_wa_1-3_arc-second_mhw.new.grd

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NGDC builds and distributes high-resolution, coastal digital elevation models (DEMs) that integrate ocean bathymetry and land topography to support NOAA's mission...

  16. Active Faulting Along the Saddle Mountain fault zone, Southeast Olympic Mountains,WA

    Barnett, E. A.; Sherrod, B. L.; Kelsey, H. M.; Czajkowski, J. L.; Walsh, T. J.; Contreras, T. A.; Davis-Staunton, K.; Schermer, E. R.; Carson, R. J.

    2009-12-01

    Excavations across two strands of the Saddle Mountain fault zone show that a minimum of two Holocene earthquakes deformed glacial and post-glacial deposits and underlying bedrock along the southeast flank of the Olympic Mountains. Strands of the fault zone are clearly visible on LiDAR topography as multiple, prominent, northeast-trending scarps that extend at least 6-7 km between Hood Canal and Lake Cushman. We excavated two trenches to determine style and ages of faulting, one along Saddle Mountain East fault (SMEF) on Saddle Mountain, and the other along a newly-identified, sub-parallel fault strand located about 1km to the SE of SMEF on Dow Mountain. A trench excavated across the NW-facing SMEF scarp exposed Eocene Crescent basalt unconformably overlain by late Quaternary glacial deposits, a Holocene buried soil, and a Holocene colluvial wedge. A steeply dipping, NE-trending fault cuts and vertically separates by 3m the basalt and overlying glacial deposits and soil. The colluvium deposited over the soil also appears to be cut and deformed by the fault, suggesting a younger event. Although the main component of faulting that generated the scarp appears to be of NW-verging reverse sense, structural evidence from striations on the fault surface point to lateral motion in the final event. Rake measurements of striations etched on the clay-lined fault surface consistently plunge gently SW, implying left-lateral motion. Owing to a lack of evidence for strike-slip in the geomorphology, and given the height of the scarp and the shallow plunge of the striations, we infer that two earthquakes produced the observations: earlier reverse or oblique faulting generated the bedrock vertical separation and scarp relief, and subsequent oblique motion in a smaller event cut the colluvium and left the striations on the fault surface. Stratigraphy of the Dow Mountain fault strand also records evidence for at least two earthquakes, possibly as many as four. The trench across the SE-facing scarp exposes a steeply NW-dipping fault with 3m vertical offset of Crescent basalt and the overlying late Quaternary glacial deposits, similar to the SMEF trench. A thick colluvium package rests on the glacial deposits and contains as many as three colluvial wedges, separated by thin soils. The entire colluvium-soil package is cut by the fault, suggesting 4 events. However, internal stratigraphy of the package is somewhat ambiguous. Two of the colluvial wedges instead might be a single deposit due to uncertainty in interpreting the intervening soil, so the actual number of earthquakes might be fewer. Like the SMEF trench, striations on the fault plane suggest left-lateral strike-slip in the last event. Yet, also like the SMEF trench, reverse motion on the fault likely was the dominant contributor to vertical offset and scarp formation.

  17. 77 FR 37600 - Safety Zone; Arctic Drilling and Support Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    2012-06-22

    ... Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A. Regulatory History and Information The... February 26, 2012, actress Lucy Lawless and six Greenpeace activists illegally boarded the drilling vessel NOBLE DISCOVERER in New Zealand. On March 16 2012, Greenpeace activists boarded the Finnish...

  18. Interacting Coastal Based Ecosystem Services: Recreation and Water Quality in Puget Sound, WA

    Kreitler, Jason; Papenfus, Michael; Byrd, Kristin; Labiosa, William

    2013-01-01

    Coastal recreation and water quality are major contributors to human well-being in coastal regions. They can also interact, creating opportunities for ecosystem based management, ecological restoration, and water quality improvement that can positively affect people and the environment. Yet the effect of environmental quality on human behavior is often poorly quantified, but commonly assumed in coastal ecosystem service studies. To clarify this effect we investigate a water quality dataset fo...

  19. 77 FR 61782 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    2012-10-11

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission... Recreation Commission, at Fort Columbia State Park. No known individuals were identified. No associated... them to the Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, at Fort Columbia State Park. No...

  20. DCS Terrain Submission for City of Kelso PAL, Cowlitz County WA

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix M: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  1. 77 FR 3111 - Safety Zone; Export Grain Terminal (EGT), Columbia River, Longview, WA

    2012-01-23

    ... published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477), or you may visit http://DocketsInfo.dot.gov . Background and... to submit post-promulgation comments and related material regarding this rule through March 1, 2012... enforcement of this safety zone to be made by all appropriate means to effect the widest publicity among...

  2. Isotopic Studies of Contaminant Transport at the Hanford Site,WA

    Christensen, J.N.; Conrad, M.E.; DePaolo, D.J.; Dresel, P.E.

    2006-11-01

    Processes of fluid flow and chemical transport through thevadose zone can be characterized through the isotopic systematics ofnatural soils, minerals, pore fluids and groundwater. In thiscontribution, we first review our research using measured isotopicvariations, due both to natural and site related processes, of theelements H, O, N, Sr and U, to study the interconnection between vadosezone and groundwater contamination at the Hanford Site in south-centralWashington. We follow this brief review with a presentation of new datapertaining to vadose zone and groundwater contamination in the WMAT-TX-TY vicinity. Uranium (U) isotopic data for the C3832 core (WMA TX)indicates the involvement of processed natural U fuel, and links theobserved U contamination to the nearby single shelled tank TX-104. Thedata also precludes contamination from an early 1970 s TX-107 leak. Inthe case of the C4104 core (WMA T), the U isotopic data indicates amixture of processed natural and enriched U fuels consistent with themajor leak from T-106 in 1973. Uranium and Strontium isotopic data forthe cores also provides direct evidence for chemical interaction betweenhigh-pH waste fluid and sediment. Isotopic data for groundwater nitratecontamination in the vicinity of WMA-T strongly suggests high-level tankwaste (most likely from T-106) as the source of very high 99Tcconcentrations recently observed at the NE corner of WMAT.

  3. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES USING MONITORING AND SAMPLING DATA (OF 2001 WA)

    This project collected and analyzed storm water samples from BMPs. Analyses will include suspended solids (SS), nutrients, turbidity temperature and dissolved oxygen. Sample collection was targeted to the type of BMP. The use of real time monitoring devices were used in tandem wi...

  4. Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YCL019W, YDR261W-A [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database

    Full Text Available YCL019W - Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol genes ; transcribed/translated as one unit; polypro ... se (PR), and integrase (IN); similar to retroviral genes ... Rows with this bait as bait (2) Rows with this bai ... it description Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol genes ; transcribed/translated as one unit; polyprotein i ... se (PR), and integrase (IN); similar to retroviral genes ... Rows with this bait as bait Rows with this bait as ...

  5. 76 FR 20707 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA

    2011-04-13

    ... Register on February 3, 2010 (75 FR 562622) with a public comment period ending on March 22, 2010... Bureau of Reclamation Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas... Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) for the Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish...

  6. Ichnological evidence of jökulhlaup deposit recolonization from the Touchet Beds, Mabton, WA, USA

    MacEachern, James A.; Roberts, Michael C.

    2013-01-01

    The late Wisconsinan Touchet Beds section at Mabton, Washington reveals at least seven stacked jökulhlaup deposits, five showing evidence of post-flood recolonization by vertebrates. Tracemakers are attributed to voles or pocket mice (1-3 cm diameter burrows) and pocket gophers or ground squirrels (3-6 cm diameter burrows). The Mount St. Helens S tephra deposited between flood beds contains the invertebrate-generated burrows Naktodemasis and Macanopsis. Estimates of times between floods are based on natal dispersal distances of the likely vertebrate tracemakers (30-50 m median distances; 127-525 m maximum distances) from upland areas containing surviving populations to the Mabton area, a distance of about 7.9 km. Tetrapods would have required at least two to three decades to recolonize these flood beds, based on maximum dispersal distances. Invertebrate recolonization was limited by secondary succession and estimated at only a few years to a decade. These ichnological data support multiple floods from failure of the ice dam at glacial Lake Missoula, separated by hiatal surfaces on the order of decades in duration. Ichnological recolonization times are consistent with published estimates of refill times for glacial Lake Missoula, and complement the other field evidence that points to repeated, autogenically induced flood discharge.

  7. 76 FR 9047 - Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...

    2011-02-16

    ... this process through a notice of intent in the Federal Register (71 FR 43787; August 2, 2006). We... the Federal Register (75 FR 34154; June 16, 2010). The Refuge is located in Washington along the... (January 15) to prevent disturbance to a great blue heron nesting colony. A new 1.5-mile dike-top...

  8. 75 FR 81467 - Safety Zone; Potential Unexploded Ordnance, Pier 91, Seattle, WA

    2010-12-28

    ... submerged munitions at Piers 90 and 91. Therefore, authorized survey operations and contracted divers will... Executive Order 13045, Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks. This rule is not an economically significant rule and does not create an environmental risk to health or risk...

  9. 76 FR 30014 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA

    2011-05-24

    ... following this annual event. Entry into, transit through, mooring, or anchoring within these zones is... safety during the annual parade of ships and aerial demonstration for Fleet Week. This safety zone is...: This rule is effective June 23, 2011. This rule is enforced annually during the parade of ships...

  10. Improvement of the track reconstruction and topology recognition in the photoproduction experiment WA69

    In the framework of the diploma thesis different studies on the program TRIDENT were performed which had the following content. 1) Study of the hitherto treatment of the multiple scattering and introduction of a better estimation of the multiple-scattering errors during the track fit and at the beginning of the vertex fit. 2) Furthermore the possibility was studied to design a software trigger for the preselection of the raw data. 3) As final topic the data processing of the product version of the TRIDENT program at the Bonn University computing center RHRZ has been prepared. For this the read-in routines of the TRIDENT were changed and the program so implemented in a software environment that an effective working can be guaranteed also without access to magnetic tapes and by this the operation conditions of the RHRZ are fulfilled. (orig./HSI)

  11. Luba folklore and women's ethno-gendered discourse of wifehoodin “Cintu Wa Bujitu”

    Mulamba, Nshindi-Germain

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates Lubà-kasààyi folklore, particularly a folk song, in order to reveal an ethno-gendered construction of wifehood. It aims to show girls’ socialization into a sexist and patriarchal discourse and how such a practice ideologically initiates them into their future subservient role of caterers for the husbands’ alimentation needs. Moreover, folklore seems to perpetuate traditions, and so the gender inequality inscribed within them, a situation that is particularly apparent i...

  12. Little anxiety about third oil shock. Dai 3 ji shock no kenen wa chiisai

    Tsuji, N. (The Nihon Keizai Shinbun Inc., Tokyo (Japan))

    1990-10-01

    Several comments were explained pertaining to the future prospect in discussions of worldwide petroleum problems. First, because possibility of occurrence is judged to be small of the third oil shock, war or large change in currency within ten years from now on, it is judged to be appropriate to estimate the economic growth rate to be about 2.5%. From the judgment that the regulated measures against the carbon dioxide for the global environment will finally start to substantially proceed in the late 1990 {prime} s, the oil demand is estimated to be about 2% in increasing ratio. The demand of crude oil in the free world is estimated to be 60 million barrels in 2000, of which the OPEC portion is done to be 30 million barrels with an estimated substantial price of $25 per barrel. What must not be disregarded of the OPEC in future development is a tendency to abolish the present cartel of OPEC at the end of 1990 at the latest. If such an abolition, if made, its influence is to be taken notice of. Japanese petroleum diplomacy must widely proceed over the policy to attach importance only to the purely petroleum-related sectors and Saudi Arabia.

  13. DCS Terrain Submission for White River-Pierce County, WA PMR

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix M: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  14. Numerical Simulation of Admiralty Inlet, WA, with Tidal Hydrokinetic Turbine Siting Application

    Thyng, Kristen M.

    Tidal hydrokinetic energy has been recognized as a potential source of sustainable, renewable energy. In order to properly site turbines for commercial-scale development, the complex flow conditions in a potential deployment region must be understood. Viable locations for turbines are limited by many factors, including underwater space that is above the bottom boundary layer, below shipping traffic, within areas of strong currents, and yet avoids additional fatiguing stresses. The primary area of interest in the Puget Sound for commercial tidal energy development is Admiralty Inlet, which includes potentially disruptive flow features such as vortices and strong turbulence. This dissertation seeks to increase the body of knowledge of these features both from an oceanographic perspective and as they pertain to turbine site characterization. The primary means of studying Admiralty Inlet in this document is through numerical simulation of the region using the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). The model output is found to compare well with field data, capturing eddy fields, turbulence properties, relative tidal phases, and illuminating many flow features. Horizontal velocities in the simulation are, on average, approximately 75% the size of those found in the data. This speed deficiency is inherited from the forcing model in which the Admiralty Inlet simulation is nested. The model output also shows that the flow field of this fjord-like estuary is largely affected by a headland on the northeast side of the Inlet. Vortices generated by this headland, Admiralty Head, are found to vary considerably depending on the tidal cycle. The eddies can persist beyond the half-cycle of generation to significantly affect the horizontal speed and other flow field properties in the subsequent half-cycle. Detailed analysis of the vertical vorticity governing equation shows that advection, tilting, stretching, and boundary generation are the most significant processes dictating the behavior of the vorticity. Turbulence modeling in the simulation is carried out via a k-epsilon turbulence closure scheme. Comparisons of model output with high resolution field data show the model to perform reasonably well: predicted Reynolds stress and turbulent dissipation rate values are usually within a factor of two of the field data. The turbulent kinetic energy from the simulation compares well with field data that is restricted to the frequency range of classical turbulence. The energy density spectrum of the data is found to follow Kolmogorov's theory beyond the inertial subrange. Using this fact and Taylor's frozen field approximation, an inferred calculation for the turbulent kinetic energy is derived that spans the full frequency range of the data set. The output from the inferred calculation compares well with the full turbulent kinetic energy from the field data. Maps of metrics for tidal turbine siting are generated that address many considerations for turbine placement, and can be adjusted for the model's speed deficiency with a simple multiplication factor. Among the possible best locations for turbine deployment are north of Point Wilson on the west side of Admiralty Inlet and near the center of the channel between Point Wilson and Admiralty Head. These locations have a strong tidal resource available along with highly bi-directional tidal currents and low turbulence levels.

  15. Geomorphic Response to Significant Sediment Loading Along Tahoma Creek on Mount Rainier, WA

    Anderson, S.; Kennard, P.; Pitlick, J.

    2012-12-01

    Increased sediment loading in streams draining the flanks of Mt. Rainier has caused significant damage to National Park Service infrastructure and has prompted concern in downstream communities. The processes driving sedimentation and the controls on downstream response are explored in the 37 km2 Tahoma Creek basin, using repeat LiDAR surveys supplemented with additional topographic datasets. DEM differencing between 2003 and 2008 LiDAR datasets shows that over 2.2 million cubic meters of material was evacuated from the upper reaches of the basin, predominately in the form of debris flows. These debris flows were sourced in recently exposed lateral moraines, bulking through the broad collapse of unstable hillslopes. 40% of this material was deposited in the historic debris fan 4-6 km downstream of the terminus, while 55% completely exited the system at the downstream point of the surveys. Distinct zones of aggradation and incision of up to one meter are present along the lower channel and appear to be controlled by valley constrictions and inflections. However, the lower channel has shown remarkable long-term stability in the face of significant sediment loads. Alder ages suggest fluvial high stands in the late 70's and early 90's, immediately following periods of significant debris flow activity, yet the river quickly returned to pre-disturbance elevations. On longer time scales, the presence of old-growth forest on adjacent floodplain/terrace surfaces indicates broad stability on both vertical and horizontal planes. More than a passive indicator, these forested surfaces play a significant role in maintaining channel stability through increased overbank roughness and the formation of bank-armoring log jams. Sediment transport mechanics along this lower reach are explored using the TomSED sediment transport model, driven by data from an extensive sediment sampling and stream gaging effort. In its current state, the model is able to replicate the stability of the channel but significantly under predicts total loads when compared to the LiDAR differencing.

  16. Action-projection in Japanese conversation: topic particles wa, mo, and tte for triggering categorization activities

    Tanaka, Hiroko

    2015-01-01

    Conversation analytic work has revealed how anticipatory completions and preemptive actions can offer invaluable glimpses into the cognitive, contextual, grammatical, and temporal bases of projectability in turn-taking, by virtue of their potential not only as a display of participants' online prediction of roughly what it might take to complete a turn-in-progress but also to plan the next move. While the predicate-final word order and the incremental transformability of turns in Japanese gen...

  17. Nucleus-nucleus collisions at relativistic energies: The CERN WA80 experiment

    QCD lattice calculations predict that, at sufficiently high energy densities, hadronic matter undergoes a transition to a new phase of matter, the quark-gluon plasma, in which quarks and gluons are deconfined over a relatively large volume. It has been suggested that collisions between heavy nuclei at ultrarelativistic energies may produce the energy densities, estimated to be greater than 2 to 3 GeV/fm3, necessary for this phase transition to occur. An important goal of the first experiments with ultrarelativistic heavy-ion beams at the SPS accelerator at CERN is to investigate the extent to which this suggestion is correct. The primary experimental quantity used for estimating the energy density is the transverse energy, E/sub T/. We present here energies measured at zero degrees, together with transverse energy measurements. Estimates of attained energy densities and preliminary transverse momentum distributions of neutral products are also presented. 24 refs., 7 figs

  18. 78 FR 37969 - Safety Zone; South Park Bridge Construction, Lower Duwamish Waterway, Seattle, WA

    2013-06-25

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; South Park Bridge Construction, Lower... Bridge in Seattle, Washington for the re-construction of the bridge. The safety zone is necessary to ensure the safety of the maritime public and workers involved in the bridge construction. The safety...

  19. 77 FR 66479 - Public Land Order No. 7805; Extension of Public Land Order No. 6952; WA

    2012-11-05

    ... forest research activities of the Peony, Pole Pick, and Frank Burge Seed Orchards, Washington, which... Peony, Pole Pick, and Frank Burge Seed Orchards in the Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest. The... (57 FR 53587 (1992)), as corrected by Public Land Order No. 6962 (58 FR 18163 ] (1993)),...

  20. Capping widespread creosote contamination in Eagle Harbor, WA: Problems, process, and prognosis

    Hale, E.; Duncan, P.B. [Environmental Protection Agency, Seattle, WA (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Eagle Harbor`s marine sediments are contaminated with creosote from a former wood-treatment facility and with mercury from a former shipyard. Under the Superfund remedial investigation process, areas requiring remediation were defined based on comparison to state of Washington sediment management standards for sediment chemistry and biological effects (bioassays for oyster larvae, amphipod). From a variety of cleanup alternatives, capping was selected for a heavily contaminated subtidal area as the most cost-effective way to provide clean benthic habitat, isolate the contamination, and prevent further contaminant migration. Sandy material for the cap was dredged the Snohomish River as part of a routine federal navigation project and, over a six-month period, was placed in Eagle Harbor using two methods. Within ferry navigation lanes, a split hull barge was opened slowly while under tow. In areas with softer bottom sediments, cap material was hosed off a flat-top barge. GPS and real-time mapping of tracklines allowed for even coverage. Monitoring during and after the construction included analysis of suspended sediments (sediment traps on cap periphery), measurements of cap thickness (bathymetry, subbottom profiling, sediment vertical profile photography, settlement plates), and diver observations of nearby eelgrass beds. Final measurements show that the 21.4 hectare cap ranges from 30 to 270 cm thick, but is at least 60 cm thick in more than 60% of the area. Although PAHs were measured in the sediment traps during capping, significant levels have not been found since. Videos indicate the rapid return of epibiota, and the eelgrass surveys indicated no capping impacts on shoot density. Periodic monitoring of the cap is planned, as well as capping of remaining contaminated subtidal areas.

  1. 77 FR 60081 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA

    2012-10-02

    ... INFORMATION: Table of Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed... public dockets in the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). 4. Public Meeting We..., Cap Sante Tug and Barge General Anchorage, and Hat Island Tug and Barge General Anchorage....

  2. 78 FR 9811 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA

    2013-02-12

    ... renames 33 CFR 110.230. Table of Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) on October 2, 2012, in the Federal Register (77 FR 60081). The Coast Guard... area with a radius of 600 yards, having its center at 48 31'09'' N, 122 34'55'' W. (11) Cap Sante...

  3. 2015 Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) LiDAR: WA DNR Lands (P2)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In June 2014, WSI, a Quantum Spatial Inc. (QSI) company, was contracted by the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) to collect Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR)...

  4. 2015 Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) LiDAR: WA DNR Lands (P1)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In June 2014, WSI, a Quantum Spatial Inc. (QSI) company, was contracted by the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) to collect Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR)...

  5. 75 FR 32855 - Safety Zone; Pierce County, WA, Department of Emergency Management, Regional Water Exercise

    2010-06-10

    ... Management, Regional Water Exercise AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The... Regional Water Rescue Exercise. Under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), the Coast Guard finds that good cause exists for... Regional Water Rescue Exercise, and enhancing public and maritime safety. Basis and Purpose The...

  6. Healing leadership: the serving leader's impact on patient outcomes in a clinical environment

    Andenoro A

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Chris Nagel1, Anthony C Andenoro21Medical Operations – Continuous Improvement, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; 2Department of Organizational Leadership, Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA, USAAbstract: The future of health care is a topic that has significant importance to patients and caregivers alike for generations to come. As the health care industry becomes more complex, leadership and the examination of how to most effectively apply it to meet efficiency standards and optimize the patient experience will become paramount. Through this paper the authors provide the foundation for meeting this need through an innovative and socially adept framework that identifies the critical character attributes of a serving leader and the powerful impact that serving leaders can have on patient outcomes in the health care setting. This framework is grounded in a leadership theoretical foundation and contextually examined through qualitative methods. As the business of health care becomes more complex and more competitive, finding ways to improve processes and create healing environments conducive to improved patient outcomes will differentiate average health care and excellent health care in the future. This paper provides the impetus for successfully addressing these needs through the development of serving leaders, and three specific characteristics: emotional care, presence, and awareness.Keywords: servant leadership, health care, patient outcomes

  7. Values program allows employees to set performance standards.

    Holland, M

    1985-01-01

    Through a pilot program in values enrichment at Sacred Heart Medical Center, Spokane, WA, employees learned to evaluate their own and others' work behaviors. They identified the values that they believed would promote the medical center's best interests, and they suggested actions that could help or hinder the attainment of five key values: compassion, care of the poor, respect for the dignity of every person, high-quality care of the whole person, and teamwork in care giving. Each of the medical center's 32 departments as well as its management system committee prepared evaluation tools to measure employee performance. These tools, based on employee suggestions, are essential to the institution's ongoing attention to its values. Employee screening procedures, including an application form, to discern potential employees' readiness to further the institution's stated values also were developed. Other program accomplishments included the formation of an ethics committee, recruitment of a staff ethicist, and production of a videotape for use in employee orientation and in-service sessions. PMID:10269777

  8. Vacuum Ultraviolet Laser Photoion and Pulsed Field Ionization-Photoion Study of Rydberg Series of Chlorine Atoms Prepared in the 2PJ (J = 3/2 and 1/2) Fine-structure States

    Yang, Lei; Gao, Hong; Zhou, Jingang; Ng, C. Y.

    2015-09-01

    We have measured the high-resolution vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) photoion (VUV-PI) and VUV pulsed-field ionization-photoion (VUV-PFI-PI) spectra of chlorine atoms (Cl) in the VUV energy range 103,580-105,600 cm-1 (12.842-13.093 eV) using a tunable VUV laser as the photoexcitation and photoionization source. Here, Cl atoms are prepared in the Cl(2P3/2) and Cl(2P1/2) fine-structure states by 193.3 nm laser photodissociation of chlorobenzene. The employment of VUV-PFI-PI detection has allowed the identification of Rydberg transitions that are not observed in VUV-PI measurements. More than 180 new Rydberg transition lines with principal quantum number up to n = 61 have been identified and assigned to members of nine Rydberg series originating from the neutral Cl(2P3/2) and Cl(2P1/2) fine-structure states. Two of these Rydberg series are found to converge to the Cl+(3P2), four to the Cl+(3P1), and three to the Cl+(3P0) ionization limits. Based on the convergence limits determined by least-squares fits of the observed Rydberg transitions to the modified Ritz formula, we have obtained a more precise ionization energy (IE) for the formation of the ionic Cl+(3P2) from the ground Cl(2P3/2) state to be 104,591.01 ± 0.13 cm-1. This is consistent with previous IE measurements, but has a smaller uncertainty. The analysis of the quantum defects obtained for the Rydberg transitions reveals that many high-n Rydberg transitions are perturbed.

  9. Multibeam collection for TN266: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2011-06-28 to 2011-07-27, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  10. Multibeam collection for TN269: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2011-09-09 to 2011-10-04, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  11. Multibeam collection for HLY03DF: Multibeam data collected aboard Healy from 2003-01-31 to 2003-04-01, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  12. Multibeam collection for B00281: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1991-06-30 to 1991-07-10, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  13. Multibeam collection for TN300: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2013-09-03 to 2013-09-19, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  14. Multibeam collection for B00156: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1988-07-27 to 1988-08-05, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  15. Multibeam collection for B00099: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1987-04-17 to 1987-04-23, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  16. Multibeam collection for B00236: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1990-08-03 to 1990-08-09, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  17. Multibeam collection for MV1310: Multibeam data collected aboard Melville from 2013-08-04 to 2013-08-23, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  18. Multibeam collection for B00031: Multibeam data collected aboard Davidson from 1985-09-25 to 1985-10-25, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  19. Multibeam collection for B00050: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1986-05-06 to 1986-05-08, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  20. Multibeam collection for TN183: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2005-09-02 to 2005-10-04, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  1. Multibeam collection for B00015: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1985-04-22 to 1985-10-19, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  2. Multibeam collection for TN242: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2009-11-02 to 2009-11-06, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  3. Multibeam collection for B00016: Multibeam data collected aboard Davidson from 1985-05-15 to 1985-05-24, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  4. Multibeam collection for B00093: Multibeam data collected aboard Discoverer from 1986-11-20 to 1986-11-22, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  5. Multibeam collection for B00210: Multibeam data collected aboard Discoverer from 1990-02-11 to 1990-03-16, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  6. Multibeam collection for B00078: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1986-10-04 to 1986-10-22, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  7. Multibeam collection for B00110: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1987-06-01 to 1987-06-21, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  8. Multibeam collection for B00144: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1988-06-08 to 1988-06-15, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  9. Multibeam collection for TN080: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 1998-07-14 to 1998-07-15, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  10. Multibeam collection for B00041: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1985-11-21 to 1985-11-22, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  11. Multibeam collection for TUIM14MV: Multibeam data collected aboard Melville from 2005-09-02 to 2005-09-22, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  12. Multibeam collection for TN296: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2013-04-22 to 2013-04-26, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  13. Multibeam collection for HLY14TF: Multibeam data collected aboard Healy from 2014-09-14 to 2014-09-18, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  14. Multibeam collection for B00113: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1987-06-23 to 1987-06-26, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  15. Multibeam collection for TN256: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2010-10-23 to 2010-11-03, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  16. Multibeam collection for TN144: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2002-04-22 to 2002-04-26, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  17. Al-‘Alāqah bayn al-Dīn wa al-Dawlah bi Indūnīsiyā: Tan Malaka wa Ārā’uhu al-Siyāsīyah

    Khairil Azhar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The present article is about the relation between religion and state as it is discussed by a prominent figure whose contributions to Indonesian politic are out of question. He is Tan Malaka, who has been considered as a radical Marxist activist. Through his works, including Madilog: Materialisme, Dialektika, Logika; Islam dalam Tinjauan Madilog Dari Penjara ke Penjara; Naar De Republiek Indonesie; Tan Malaka shows his deep appreciation to Marxism. That is why, in these works, be pays a great attention to liberation movement and freedom for people both from colonial domination and from feudalism rooted in Indonesian culture.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v7i2.711

  18. Multibeam collection for AT11L32: Multibeam data collected aboard Atlantis from 2005-09-08 to 2005-09-19, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  19. Multibeam collection for TN299: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2013-06-30 to 2013-08-23, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  20. 78 FR 30901 - Record of Decision and Wetland/Floodplain Statement of Findings for the W.A. Parish Post...

    2013-05-23

    ... process by publishing a Notice of Intent (NOI) to prepare an EIS in the Federal Register (FR) on November 14, 2011, under Docket ID No. FR Doc. 2011-29333; (76 FR 70429). DOE conducted a scoping process that... availability (NOA) for the draft EIS on September 21, 2012. DOE's NOA (77 FR 58533) also announced its...

  1. Integrated Status and Effectiveness Monitoring Program Population Estimates for Juvenile Salmonids in Nason Creek, WA ; 2008 Annual Report.

    Collins, Matthew; Murdoch, Keely [Yakama Nation Fisheries Resource Management

    2009-07-20

    This report summarizes juvenile coho, spring Chinook, and steelhead salmon migration data collected at a 1.5m diameter cone rotary fish trap on Nason Creek during 2008; providing abundance and freshwater productivity estimates. We used species enumeration at the trap and efficiency trials to describe emigration timing and to estimate the number of emigrants. Trapping began on March 2, 2008 and was suspended on December 11, 2008 when snow and ice accumulation prevented operation. During 2008, 0 brood year (BY) 2006 coho, 1 BY2007 coho, 906 BY2006 spring Chinook, 323 BY2007 fry Chinook, 2,077 BY2007 subyearling Chinook, 169 steelhead smolts, 414 steelhead fry and 2,390 steelhead parr were trapped. Mark-recapture trap efficiency trials were performed over a range of stream discharge stages. A total of 2,639 spring Chinook, 2,154 steelhead and 12 bull trout were implanted with Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags. Most PIT tagged fish were used for trap efficiency trials. We were unable to identify a statistically significant relationship between stream discharge and trap efficiency, thus, pooled efficiency estimates specific to species and trap size/position were used to estimate the number of fish emigrating past the trap. We estimate that 5,259 ({+-} 359; 95% CI) BY2006 Chinook, 16,816 ({+-} 731; 95% CI) BY2007 Chinook, and 47,868 ({+-} 3,780; 95% CI) steelhead parr and smolts emigrated from Nason Creek in 2008.

  2. Chapman Conference on the Hydrologic Aspects of Global Climate Change, Lake Chelan, WA, June 12-14, 1990, Selected Papers

    Lettenmaier, Dennis P. (Editor); Rind, D. (Editor)

    1992-01-01

    The present conference on the hydrological aspects of global climate change discusses land-surface schemes for future climate models, modeling of the land-surface boundary in climate models as a composite of independent vegetation, a land-surface hydrology parameterizaton with subgrid variability for general circulation models, and conceptual aspects of a statistical-dynamical approach to represent landscape subgrid-scale heterogeneities in atmospheric models. Attention is given to the impact of global warming on river runoff, the influence of atmospheric moisture transport on the fresh water balance of the Atlantic drainage basin, a comparison of observations and model simulations of tropospheric water vapor, and the use of weather types to disaggregate the prediction of general circulation models. Topics addressed include the potential response of an Arctic watershed during a period of global warming and the sensitivity of groundwater recharge estimates to climate variability and change.

  3. Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wałbrzych (SW Poland). II. Dependence on the substrate and seasonality

    Wanda Stojanowska; Eugeniusz Panek

    2014-01-01

    Results confirm domination of the occurrence of slime moulds on decaying wood of Fagus (33 taxa), as well as on Tilia (31). The list of species found on wood of Acer pseudoplatanus was extended up to 18. In such a specific microhabitat as litter 33 taxa were found, and among them abundant occurrence of Diachea leucopodia and Diderma testaceum was conspicuous. Dependence of the occurrence of myxomycetes on climatic conditions is manifeted by various periods of "fructification" of particular sp...

  4. Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wałbrzych (SW Poland. Part I. List of taxa and quantitative analysis

    Wanda Stojanowska

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A total number of 103 Myxomycetes taxa is known of the "Przełomy pod Księżem" nature reserve. In 2002, 89 taxa were recorded in the reserve. The following families prevail: Physaraceae - 24.4 %, Arcyriaceae, Didymiaceae and Stemonitidaceae - 15.8 % each, Trichiaceae - 12.2 %. Dominant genera are: Physarum - 14 species, Arcyria - 9, Trichia - 8, Cribraria and Diderma - 7 each. Three species were recorded for the first time in Poland: Arcyria minuta, Cribraria persooni and Symphytocarpus flaccidus. The occurrence of Didymium serpula and Lepidoderma tigrinum in Lower Silesia was confirmed after 100 years.

  5. Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wałbrzych (SW Poland. II. Dependence on the substrate and seasonality

    Wanda Stojanowska

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Results confirm domination of the occurrence of slime moulds on decaying wood of Fagus (33 taxa, as well as on Tilia (31. The list of species found on wood of Acer pseudoplatanus was extended up to 18. In such a specific microhabitat as litter 33 taxa were found, and among them abundant occurrence of Diachea leucopodia and Diderma testaceum was conspicuous. Dependence of the occurrence of myxomycetes on climatic conditions is manifeted by various periods of "fructification" of particular species. August and September were the most favourable months (49 taxa each while July was the worst one (30 taxa. Slime moulds inhabiting litter had their maximum from June to August.

  6. Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wałbrzych (SW Poland). Part I. List of taxa and quantitative analysis

    Wanda Stojanowska; Eugeniusz Panek

    2014-01-01

    A total number of 103 Myxomycetes taxa is known of the "Przełomy pod Księżem" nature reserve. In 2002, 89 taxa were recorded in the reserve. The following families prevail: Physaraceae - 24.4 %, Arcyriaceae, Didymiaceae and Stemonitidaceae - 15.8 % each, Trichiaceae - 12.2 %. Dominant genera are: Physarum - 14 species, Arcyria - 9, Trichia - 8, Cribraria and Diderma - 7 each. Three species were recorded for the first time in Poland: Arcyria minuta, Cribraria persooni and Symphytocarpus flacci...

  7. Phylogenetic analysis of Bangiadulcis atropurpurea (A. Roth W.A. Nelson and Bangia fuscopurpurea (Dillwyn Lyngbye (Bangiales, Rhodophyta in Taiwan

    Chou Jui-Yu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Samples of the freshwater red algae, Bangiadulcis atropurpurea, collected from the mountain waterfalls and its close species, Bangia fuscopurpurea, collected from coasts, were phylogenetically analyzed. The sequences of the rbcL gene and RuBisCO spacer region of the freshwater Bangiadulcis atropurpurea species were identical or similar to those of B. atropurpurea from Japan, North America and Europe. This result indicated that the freshwater Bangiadulcis species from Taiwan shared a common ancestor with the three above-mentioned populations and formed a distinct clade from the marine Bangia species in the phylogenetic trees. It is suggested that all the previous records on marine Bangia species should be revised and the name B. fuscopurpurea be used for the marine species in Taiwan. In this study, the freshwater alga B. atropurpurea presents a new record in the algal flora of Taiwan. This finding is important for the protection of the biodiversity of red algal flora, and provides useful information on the ecological conservation of the species in Taiwan.

  8. DOE ZERH Case Study: Clifton View Homes, Marine Drive and Port Hadlcok, Coupeville and Port Hadlock WA

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of two DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom homes in the marine climate that got HERS 39 and 38 without PV or HERS 2-12 and -9 with PV, with 6.5” SIP walls and 10.25” SIP roof; 11.75 ICF around slab, R-20 rigid foam under slab; radiant floor heat and passive design; air-to-water heatpump, fresh air intake with fan, triple-pane windows, 100% LED.

  9. 76 FR 68510 - Grays Harbor Paper, LLC, Including on-site Workers From Barrier West, Inc., Hoquiam, WA; Amended...

    2011-11-04

    ... sheet paper. The notice was published in the Federal Register on September 14, 2011 (76 FR 56816). At... Employment and Training Administration Grays Harbor Paper, LLC, Including on-site Workers From Barrier West... Assistance and Alternative Trade Adjustment Assistance In accordance with Section 223 of the Trade Act...

  10. W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Project Phase 1 Definition

    Armpriester, Anthony; Smith, Roger; Scheriffius, Jeff; Smyth, Rebecca; Istre, Michael

    2014-02-01

    For a secure and sustainable energy future, the United States (U.S.) must reduce its dependence on imported oil and reduce its emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs). To meet these strategic challenges, the U.S. wiU have to create fundamentally new technologies with performance levels far beyond what is now possible. Developing advanced post-combustion clean coal technologies for capturing CO{sub 2} from existing coal-fired power plants can play a major role in the country's transition to a sustainable energy future, especially when coupled with CO{sub 2}-enhanced oil recovery (CO{sub 2}-EOR). Pursuant to these goals, NRG Energy, Inc. (NRG) submitted an application and entered into a cost-shared collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Round 3 of the Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) to advance low-emission coal technologies. The objective of the NRG W A Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Demonstration Project is to establish the technical feasibility and economic viability of post-combustion CO{sub 2} capture using flue gas from an existing pulverized coal-fired boiler integrated with geologic sequestration via an enhanced oil recovery (EOR) process. To achieve these objectives, the project will be executed in three phases. Each phase represents a distinct aspect of the project execution. The project phases are: • Phase I. Project Definition/Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) • Phase ll. Detailed Engineering, Procurement & Construction • Phase III. Demonstration and Monitoring The purpose of Phase I is to develop the project in sufficient detail to facilitate the decision-making process in progressing to the next stage of project delivery. Phase n. This report provides a complete summary of the FEED study effort, including pertinent project background information, the scope of facilities covered, decisions, challenges, and considerations made regarding configuration and performance of the facility, along with the conceptual design and estimate results. The findings of this report should be considered conceptual in nature and are conditioned on the statements contained herein. The cost of preparing this report (including the FEED study described herein) was funded in part by a $167-million grant provided by the U.S. DOE.

  11. Social Engineering Through Shari’a: Islamic Law and State-Directed Da’wa in Contemporary Aceh

    R. Michael Feener

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This study of the contemporary Islamic legal system in Aceh, Indonesia argues for new attention to be paid to the ways in which contemporary Muslim agendas for the implementation of Islamic law can be read as projects for futureoriented social transformation—rather than as a series of reactive measures to perceived ‘crises of modernity’ and/or the political machinations of rival elites in contesting control of state power. In doing so it highlights the ways in which the ideals of, and institutional formations developed by, proponents of Islamic law are configured in relation to a broad range of non-Muslim modernist projects, including European and American theories of the sociology of law. rough examinations of these influences on discussions of Islamic law in Aceh, this essay demonstrates the degrees to which contemporary Shar?’a implementation is inextricably linked to broader configurations of law, moral authority, and state power in the modern global order.

  12. 77 FR 61781 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA...

    2012-10-11

    ... Federal Register (77 FR 13622-13622, March 7, 2012). The two objects were not included due to a cataloguing error. In the Federal Register (77 FR 13622-13622, March 7, 2012), paragraph six, sentence two is... of metal beads. In the Federal Register (77 FR 13622-13622, March 7, 2012), paragraph 11,...

  13. WA - Impacts of non-point source pollution on the health of salmonids in urban and urbanizing watersheds

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — By the Services conducting this offrefuge EC investigation and jointly publishing the results in the two aforementioned manuscripts see notes section of ProCite...

  14. Canada continues use prohibition of gene recombination cattle somatotropin; Kanada wa idenshikumikaegyu seicho horumon no shiyo kinshi wo keizoku

    NONE

    1999-04-05

    Canada continued use prohibition of gene recombination cattle somatotropin (BST) which stimulated milk increased production of this company in spite of request of Monsanto Co.. The cow that BST was administered is based on the report of veterinary surgeon that causes reproductive function and lowering in the life, dysbasia and increase in the mastitis on this. From the research report that BST causes thyroid gland cyst of the male rat in U.S.A., consumer organization and environment group petition FDA for the elimination of BST from the U.S.A. market. In the meantime, Monsanto Co. in the report which Canada adopted, chemical structure is different, and it reports that it uses BST of other company in which dosing method and dosing frequency differ and disregards the report of Cornell university in which the life of the cow administered more and more does not lower BST. (translated by NEDO)

  15. 77 FR 25157 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing...

    2012-04-27

    ..., Soliciting Comments, Recommendations, Terms and Conditions, and Fishway Prescriptions, and Waiving the Timing..., terms and conditions, and fishway prescriptions: 30 days from the issuance of this notice; reply..., recommendations, terms and conditions, and fishway prescriptions may be filed electronically via the Internet....

  16. Water Accounting Plus (WA+) – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    D. Molden; Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Karimi, P.

    2012-01-01

    Coping with the issue of water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common fr...

  17. Water Accounting Plus (WA+) – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements :

    Karimi, P.; Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; D. Molden

    2013-01-01

    Coping with water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that li...

  18. Initial Site-wide Groundwater remediation Strategy of the Hanford Site, WA: Its Application, Lessons Learned and Future Path forward

    In 1989, the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) formed an agreement to clean up the Hanford Site, located in the state of Washington. By 1995, the three parties developed an initial comprehensive site wide groundwater remediation strategy with a vision to address contaminated plumes of hazardous and radioactive waste. The Hanford Site has more than 170 square miles of contaminated groundwater. Almost half exceeds the state and federal drinking water standards. The plumes are often commingled. The remediation is challenged by limited technologies, poor understanding of conceptual models, and subsurface contaminant behavior. This paper briefly describes the basic principles of the initial strategy, its application, the results of the decade-long operation, and the future path forward. The initial strategy was based on a qualitative assessment to reduce immediate risk to human health and the environment; to support commonly held values of stakeholders, including tribal nations and the public; and to deploy available remediation technologies. Two different approaches were used for two distinct geographic, the river shore reactor areas and the central plateau few miles away. The strategy was to cleanup the major groundwater plumes in the reactor areas next to the Columbia River where chromium, strontium-90, and uranium already entering the river and to contain the plumes of chlorinated solvents and radionuclides in the central plateau. The strategy acknowledges the lack of cost-effective technologies to address the contaminants, and asked DOE to develop, test, and deploy cost-effective alternative technologies wherever applicable. After more than a decade, the results are mixed. While the pump and treat provided a meaningful approach to address certain contaminants, it was too small in scale. Efforts to scale up these operations enhance characterization, and to deployment innovative technologies are progressing; albeit slowly due to budget constraints. A number of innovative technologies were identified to address source control and groundwater remediation across the Hanford Site. In the 10 years since the initial strategy was developed, additional severe groundwater and vadose zone contaminations were discovered under the waste storage tanks on the central plateau and river corridor areas. These problems required changes to the strategy. Changes include complete integration of vadose zone and groundwater characterization and remediation activities and immediate needs for technologies to address the deep vadose zone source areas, as well as thick aquifer contamination - especially for chlorinated solvents and technetium-99. The successes of the initial strategy show that even a strategy based on incomplete information can make progress on difficult issues. The regulatory agencies identified these issues early and provided the needed direction to DOE to move forward with the overall mission of clean up. The cleanup of the Hanford site is a big challenge, not only for DOE, but also for the regulators, to ensure the tri-party agencies achieve the desired goals. (authors)

  19. Al-Ma‘had al-Tur?th? wa Taqwim al-Jam?‘ah: Tajribah Ma‘had Hidayatullah

    Sirojudin Abbas

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses some of the characteristic peculiarities of the pesantren as in Pesantren Hidayatullah, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, which does not make Arabic reviewing activities as part of the daily staple of his students.During the last three decades, pesantren in Indonesia have shown  a variety of institutional developments. The identification of pesantren as Islamic learning institutions-especially in term of their specific role in preserving intellectual tradition and reproducing 'ilama' may no longer be sufficient to explaint that development. Such a trend can be seen in the establishment of a significant number of Islamic learning institution in the country with different visions and characteristics of learning. One of the leading institutions representing this new form of pesantren is Pesantren Hidayatullah, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v5i2.756

  20. THE COST OF POSITIONAL NEGOTIATIONS VERSUS COLLABORATIVE OR RELATIONAL NEGOTIATIONS FOR NEGOTIATING COMPLIANCE MILESTONES AT HANFORD WA

    The Hanford site is subject to the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (HFFACO), an order on consent signed by the DOE, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA) and the Washington Department of Ecology (WDOE). Under the HFFCCO, negotiations for transition milestones begin within six months after the issuance of a shutdown order. In the case of the PFP, the Nuclear Materials disposition and stabilization activities, a DOE responsibility, were necessary as precursor activities to Transition. This situation precipitated a crisis in the negotiations between the agencies, and formal negotiations initiated in 1997 ended in failure. The negotiations reached impasse on several key regulatory and operational issues. The 1997 negotiation was characterized by a strongly positional style. DOE and the regulatory personnel took hard lines early in the negotiations and were unable to move to resolution of key issues after a year and a half. This resulted in unhappy stakeholders, poor publicity, and work delays as well as wounded relationships between DOE and the regulatory community. The PFP is a former plutonium metal production facility. The operating mission of the PFP ended with a DOE Headquarters shutdown letter in October of 1996. Generally, the receipt of a shutdown letter initiates the start of Transition (as the first step of Decommissioning) of a facility. In the 2000-2001 PFP negotiations, a completely different approach was suggested and eventually initiated: Collaborative or Relational Negotiations. The relational negotiation style resulted in agreement between the agencies on all key issues within 6 months of initiation. All parties were very pleased with the results and all parties were relieved that protracted negotiations sessions were not needed with the new style of working together collaboratively to serve each other's interests without compromising each party's needs. The characteristics of collaborative negotiations included building trust, emphasizing equality of team members, problem solving by the entire team, relying on individual communications, and self-management skills. A specific example of positional negotiations is given with the resultant increase in cost, duration of negotiations, and lingering questions regarding trust among the parties

  1. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Analyse der Impaktstrukturen Strangways (N.T.) und Shoemaker (W.A,), Australien

    Zumsprekel, H. (Heiko)

    2003-01-01

    Die komplexen Impaktstrukturen Strangways und Shoemaker (Australien) wurden mithilfe von Fernerkundung und Geländearbeiten untersucht. Der Aufbau einer GIS-Datenbank zielte auf den Vergleich der Impaktsignaturen in komplementären Daten. In der Strangways-Struktur (ca. 646 Ma) treten shatter cones und PDFs im granitoiden Basement auf. Reste von Impaktbrekzien, z.T. mit Schmelzanteil, sind auf wenige Aufschlüsse im Kern beschränkt. In der Shoemaker-Struktur (1630 Ma ?)sind keine Impaktite...

  2. Determining flow, recharge, and vadose zone drainage in an unconfined aquifer from groundwater strontium isotope measurements, Pasco Basin, WA

    Strontium isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sr) measured in groundwater samples from 273 wells in the Pasco Basin unconfined aquifer below the Hanford Site show large and systematic variations that provide constraints on groundwater recharge, weathering rates of the aquifer host rocks, communication between unconfined and deeper confined aquifers, and vadose zone-groundwater interaction. The impact of millions of cubic meters of wastewater discharged to the vadose zone (103-105 times higher than ambient drainage) shows up strikingly on maps of groundwater 87Sr/86Sr. Extensive access through the many groundwater monitoring wells at the site allows for an unprecedented opportunity to evaluate the strontium geochemistry of a major aquifer, hosted primarily in unconsolidated sediments, and relate it to both long term properties and recent disturbances. Groundwater 87Sr/86Sr increases systematically from 0.707 to 0.712 from west to east across the Hanford Site, in the general direction of groundwater flow, as a result of addition of Sr from the weathering of aquifer sediments and from diffuse drainage through the vadose zone. The lower 87Sr/86Sr groundwater reflects recharge waters that have acquired Sr from Columbia River Basalts. Based on a steady-state model of Sr reactive transport and drainage, there is an average natural drainage flux of 0-1.4 mm/yr near the western margin of the Hanford Site, and ambient drainage may be up to 30 mm/yr in the center of the site assuming an average bulk rock weathering rate of 10-7.5 g/g/yr

  3. Evaluating nonindigenous species management in a Bayesian networks derived relative risk framework for Padilla Bay, WA, USA.

    Herring, Carlie E; Stinson, Jonah; Landis, Wayne G

    2015-10-01

    Many coastal regions are encountering issues with the spread of nonindigenous species (NIS). In this study, we conducted a regional risk assessment using a Bayesian network relative risk model (BN-RRM) to analyze multiple vectors of NIS introductions to Padilla Bay, Washington, a National Estuarine Research Reserve. We had 3 objectives in this study. The 1st objective was to determine whether the BN-RRM could be used to calculate risk from NIS introductions for Padilla Bay. Our 2nd objective was to determine which regions and endpoints were at greatest risk from NIS introductions. Our 3rd objective was to incorporate a management option into the model and predict endpoint risk if it were to be implemented. Eradication can occur at different stages of NIS invasions, such as the elimination of these species before being introduced to the habitat or removal of the species after settlement. We incorporated the ballast water treatment management scenario into the model, observed the risk to the endpoints, and compared this risk with the initial risk estimates. The model results indicated that the southern portion of the bay was at greatest risk because of NIS. Changes in community composition, Dungeness crab, and eelgrass were the endpoints most at risk from NIS introductions. The currents node, which controls the exposure of NIS to the bay from the surrounding marine environment, was the parameter that had the greatest influence on risk. The ballast water management scenario displayed an approximate 1% reduction in risk in this Padilla Bay case study. The models we developed provide an adaptable template for decision makers interested in managing NIS in other coastal regions and large bodies of water. PMID:25845995

  4. Field Measurement Test Plan to Determine Effects of Hydrokinetic Turbine Deployment on Canal Test Site in Yakima, WA, USA

    Gunawan, Budi; Neary, Vincent S.; Roberts, Jesse; Dallman, Ann; Grovue, Shane; Mortensen, Josh; Heiner, Bryan

    2014-01-01

    The primary goal of the Department of Energy’s Water Power Program is to efficiently develop and utilize the country’s marine hydrokinetic (MHK) and conventional hydropower (CH) resources. The program has recently identified the need to better understand the potential for hydrokinetic energy development within existing canal systems that may already have integrated CH plants. Hydrokinetic (HK) turbine operation can alter water surface elevations and modify the flow in a canal. Significant wat...

  5. 75 FR 59688 - Foreign-Trade Zone 203-Moses Lake, WA; Application for Reorganization and Expansion Under...

    2010-09-28

    ... Automotive Carbon Fibers, LLC, 8781 Randolph Road NE, Moses Lake. Because the ASF only pertains to... FR 1170, 1/12/09; correction 74 FR 3987, 1/22/09). The ASF is an option for grantees for the... 203 was approved by the Board on October 18, 1994 (Board Order 702, 59 FR 54433, 10/31/94)....

  6. Determining flow, recharge, and vadose zonedrainage in anunconfined aquifer from groundwater strontium isotope measurements, PascoBasin, WA

    mjsingleton@lbl.gov

    2004-06-29

    Strontium isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sr) measured in groundwater samples from 273 wells in the Pasco Basin unconfined aquifer below the Hanford Site show large and systematic variations that provide constraints on groundwater recharge, weathering rates of the aquifer host rocks, communication between unconfined and deeper confined aquifers, and vadose zone-groundwater interaction. The impact of millions of cubic meters of wastewater discharged to the vadose zone (103-105 times higher than ambient drainage) shows up strikingly on maps of groundwater 87Sr/86Sr. Extensive access through the many groundwater monitoring wells at the site allows for an unprecedented opportunity to evaluate the strontium geochemistry of a major aquifer, hosted primarily in unconsolidated sediments, and relate it to both long term properties and recent disturbances. Groundwater 87Sr/86Sr increases systematically from 0.707 to 0.712 from west to east across the Hanford Site, in the general direction of groundwater flow, as a result of addition of Sr from the weathering of aquifer sediments and from diffuse drainage through the vadose zone. The lower 87Sr/86Sr groundwater reflects recharge waters that have acquired Sr from Columbia River Basalts. Based on a steady-state model of Sr reactive transport and drainage, there is an average natural drainage flux of 0-1.4 mm/yr near the western margin of the Hanford Site, and ambient drainage may be up to 30 mm/yr in the center of the site assuming an average bulk rock weathering rate of 10-7.5 g/g/yr.

  7. Transfer of microcystin from freshwater lakes to Puget Sound, WA and toxin accumulation in marine mussels (Mytilus trossulus).

    Preece, E P; Moore, Barry C; Hardy, F Joan

    2015-12-01

    Many eutrophic inland freshwater lakes in the Puget Sound Washington region produce toxic cyanobacteria blooms annually. While such blooms in lakes tend to be viewed as a localized phenomenon, there is significant potential for downstream export of toxins to freshwater streams, and marine and brackish water environments. However, monitoring for cyanotoxins typically associated with freshwaters, such as the hepatotoxin, microcystin (MC) in marine receiving waters is rare. In 2013 we studied four eutrophic Puget Sound area lakes to assess both toxin transport to marine waters and its potential accumulation in marine shellfish, specifically mussels. Shellfish beds are extensive throughout Puget Sound, and recreational harvest occurs downstream of our study lakes, so a study goal was to also assess if shellfish consumption poses a human health risk for MC exposure. We confirm, for the first time, freshwater to marine transfer of MCs in Puget Sound with subsequent bioaccumulation of MC by mussels. ELISA analysis estimated maximum MC concentrations in source lakes of 2700 μg/L, up to 0.34 μg/L in marine waters and 6.5 μg/kg in mussels. Confirmatory analyses by LC-MS/MS on water and mussel samples identified MC-LA as the major toxin. Although we found relatively low MC levels in mussels, our study implies that potential concern for human food safety is justified and warrants further investigation. PMID:26218554

  8. Public private partnership (PPP) in heritage conservation: the case study of Casa de Cha Long Wa, Macao

    CHEN Zhaoyu; 陈昭宇.

    2013-01-01

    Public private partnership (PPP) is a favorable cooperation mode in delivery of public infrastructure and service projects. This concept is warmly discussed in economic perspective on providing a wide range of general public services. The private sector which involved in the public services work, it helps release public sector’s finance pressure on funds and reduce the risks on conducting the works. When this PPP concept applied into conservation works, government and private sector util...

  9. 77 FR 74634 - Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA Bannon, Aeneas, Revis, and Tunk Grazing...

    2012-12-17

    ... availability. The document contained incorrect dates. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Christina Bauman, 509-486-5112. Correction In the Federal Register of November 27, 2012, in FR Doc. 2012- 28420, on...

  10. 77 FR 70137 - Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA; Bannon, Aeneas, Revis, and Tunk Grazing...

    2012-11-23

    ... analysis to Christina Bauman, Project Lead, Tonasket District, 1 West Winesap, Tonasket, Washington 98855...: Christina Bauman, Project Leader, Tonasket District, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, 1 West...

  11. 77 FR 32943 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Driving in the Columbia River, WA

    2012-06-04

    ... captive animals were not reinforced with food for remaining in the noise fields, whereas free-ranging... notice in the Federal Register on August 19, 2011 (76 FR 51947), requesting comments from the public on... activity may be found in NMFS' proposed IHA document in the Federal Register (76 FR 51947, August 19,...

  12. Lipophilic Toxins in WA - Clear and present danger: monitoring and management of lipophilic shellfish toxins in Washington State

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Lipophilic shellfish toxins comprise an extensive suite of compounds including those associated with the human syndromes known as diarrhetic shellfish poisoning...

  13. 77 FR 28568 - Foreign-Trade Zone 216-Olympia, WA; Notification of Proposed Production Activity; Callisons, Inc...

    2012-05-15

    ... essential oils of peppermint (mentha piperita), other essential mint oils, odoriferous mixtures for use by..., cyclenic ethers and derivatives, cyclenic ketones without oxygen, essential oils of peppermint (mentha piperita), essential oils of mint and essential oils of eucalyptus (duty rate ranges from duty-free to...

  14. AL-ADAB AL-ISLAMI BAINA AL-QIYAM AL-KHULUQIYAH WA AL-JAWANIB AL-FANNIYAH

    Elwaleed Abdulraouf Elminshawi

    2015-01-01

    Art is the formal study of moral standard and correct. The term ethics and morality are often used interchangeably indeed. They usually can mean the something, and in casual conversation. There isn't a problem with switching between one and other when discussing morality it is important to distinguish between morals and values. Both are aspects of human conduct and human interaction, but they are very different types of conduct. The objective of the article is to discuss an Islamic writer cou...

  15. 77 FR 13622 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA

    2012-03-07

    ... consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes, has determined that the cultural items meet the definition of... intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of Maxey ] Museum that meet the definition of... National Park Service Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College,...

  16. 75 FR 11533 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Technical Meeting To Discuss...

    2010-03-11

    ... completely submerged gravity foundations; (2) two 250-meter service cables connected at a subsea junction box or spliced to a 0.5-kilometer subsea transmission cable, connecting to a cable termination...

  17. 76 FR 41237 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice Concluding Pre-Filing Process and...

    2011-07-13

    ... foundations; (2) two 250-meter service cables connected at a subsea junction box or spliced to a 0.5-kilometer subsea transmission cable, connecting to a cable termination vault about 50 meters from shore; (3) two...

  18. 75 FR 29334 - Public Utility District No. 2 of Grant County, WA; Notice of Application for Amendment of License...

    2010-05-25

    .... Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Army... Recreation Area), Priest Rapids Park (Desert Aire), Priest Rapids Dam Picnic Area, Crescent Bar...

  19. Standardizing the commissioning phase of RTG cranes to improve product safety and quality : 16WA RTG Commissioning procedure

    Olufuwa, Isaac

    2014-01-01

    Konecranes is one of the leading organizations in the lifting business whose origin dates back to the 1900s. Today the organization has grown and is able to serve different in-dustries with high quality technical products and services to reach and exceed customer demands. To be able to sustain product efficiency and effectiveness, Konecranes has to ensure that products continue to show a steady improvement in quality and safety. In alignment with the company’s strategy, this thesis is int...

  20. Superfund Record of Decision amendment (EPA Region 10): Hanford Site -- 200 Area (USDOE), Benton County, WA, September 25, 1997

    This ROD Amendment is based on the Administrative Record for the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility. The ERDF ROD specifies that expansion of the facility would be authorized as-needed through the ROD amendment process. Based on estimated remediation waste volumes presented in the ERDF ROD, additional disposal cells were anticipated. This Amendment authorizes two additional ERDF cells to be constructed and operated for disposal of Hanford Site remediation waste. The Phase II construction shall be located entirely within the 4.1 square kilometer (1.6 square miles) area selected for ERDF, as defined in the ERDF ROD

  1. Pluralism and ethnic conflict in Tanzania's arid lands: the case of the Maasai and the WaArusha.

    Ole Kuney, R O

    1994-01-01

    In Tanzania, the Maasai and Waarusha tribes are experiencing conflict because differences in their modes of productions and economic strategies undermine the peaceful coexistence that they have enjoyed since the 18th century. The Maasai are pastoralists, while the Waarusha are agricultural subsistence farmers who are encroaching on the best pasture lands. A sketch of the history of the two groups shows that the Maasai reached the peak of their land holding in 1880 before the arrival of European colonists who seized land and restricted the Maasai to a semi-arid reserve but allowed the Maasai to remain an autonomous and powerful group. The Waarusha began encroaching on Maasai land after independence due to land and population pressure. While closely tied, each group looks down on the other, and Maasai ascendancy has given way to Waarusha challenges. After independence, the tribal and ethnic rule that was protected by the colonial system was disrupted to allow for increased internal migration and new patterns of settlement. The rights of land ownership were transferred from tribes to the State, allowing privileged groups to benefit. The Waarusha began to engage in illegal land-grabbing and to encroach on the Maasai preserve using legal and illegal means. The Maasai view land as collective property and have had difficulty retaining title of traditional lands in the face of population pressure. This loss of grazing land has forced the Maasai into a mixed economy that depends upon agricultural production as well as livestock production. In the meantime, the Waarusha have deliberately sought political office to gain power to secure their holdings. Immediate action is needed to produce 1) a policy on spontaneous settlement, 2) an immediate adjustment of legal procedures for land acquisition, 3) a land tenure policy that equally emphasizes agricultural and livestock production, and 4) controls on undue expansion of subsistence agriculture into semi-arid rangelands. PMID:12293129

  2. 75 FR 16502 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA

    2010-04-01

    ... of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National... National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum Whitman College... intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Northwest Museum (also known as Maxey...

  3. 76 FR 28505 - Okanogan Public Utility District No. 1 of Okanogan County, WA; Notice of Availability of Draft...

    2011-05-17

    ... Commission strongly encourages electronic filing, documents may also be paper-filed. To paper-file, mail an..., primitive campsites, and a vault toilet on the east bank upstream of Enloe dam; Maintaining existing...

  4. Al-Islām wa al-Malāyū wa al-Siyādah fī al-Muḥīṭ: Sulṭanat Brunei wa al-Isti‘mār Eropa fī Borneo

    Dadi Darmadi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The politics and trade in Southeast Asia since the 7th century had seen the early rise of Brunei as an important port in Borneo. When the Malacca fell to the Portuguese in 1511, Islam spread to northern Borneo.  Brunei grew as a new, powerful Islamic sultanate; European traders stopped by its port as they bought spices in the Moluccas. Friendships and conflicts of interest between the two powers were exacerbated by the issue of Christianization and Islamization. In the 16th century the conflicts forced Brunei to defend and expand its territory from North Borneo to the Philippines. This article discusses the Sultanate of Brunei‘s early growth in the 15th and 16th Centuries particularly related to the political context of religion and trade in Southeast Asian waters.  The article presents reasons why their initial encounters with Europeans, especially the Portuguese and Spaniards, were important not only for Brunei’s dynamic history, but also for the establishment of its Islamic and Malay identities in later periods.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v22i1.1390

  5. Singing All the Way to the Union

    Feinberg, Joe Grim

    2010-01-01

    In early 1909, just over a hundred years ago, the Spokane, Washington, branch of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) got a reputation as a "singing union." Later that year, the same Spokane branch of the IWW embarked on a massive free speech fight. IWW agitators would arrive on street corners, call on the crowds not to pay for work, and…

  6. Dosing considerations with transdermal formulations of fentanyl and buprenorphine for the treatment of cancer pain

    Skaer TL

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Tracy L Skaer College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, Spokane, WA, USA Abstract: Opioids continue to be first-line pharmacotherapy for patients suffering from cancer pain. Unfortunately, subtherapeutic dosage prescribing of pain medications remains common, and many cancer patients continue to suffer and experience diminished quality of life. A large variety of therapeutic options are available for cancer pain patients. Analgesic pharmacotherapy is based on the patient's self-report of pain intensity and should be tailored to meet the requirements of each individual. Most, if not all, cancer pain patients will ultimately require modifications in their opioid pharmacotherapy. When changes in a patient's medication regimen are needed, adequate pain control is best maintained through appropriate dosage conversion, scheduling immediate release medication for withdrawal prevention, and providing as needed dosing for breakthrough pain. Transdermal opioids are noninvasive, cause less constipation and sedation when compared to oral opioids, and may improve patient compliance. A relative potency of 100:1 is recommended when converting the patient from oral morphine to transdermal fentanyl. Based on the limited data available, there is significant interpatient variability with transdermal buprenorphine and equipotency recommendations from oral morphine of 75:1–110:1 have been suggested. Cancer patients may require larger transdermal buprenorphine doses to control their pain and may respond better to a more aggressive 75–100:1 potency ratio. This review outlines the prescribing of transdermal fentanyl and transdermal buprenorphine including how to safely and effectively convert to and use them for those with cancer pain. Keywords: opioids, analgesic pharmacotherapy, immediate release medication, pain treatment modification, breakthrough pain, opioid withdrawal, equipotency ratio

  7. A view of the West Hall from the target region

    1976-01-01

    Beams are being lay out. Starting from the left one sees the S1 and E1A/H1A beam lines pointing to Omega magnet, the H1B beam towards WA3 and WA7 experiments, the hyperon beam Y1, the H3 beam (WA9, WA6, Wa5), the S3 beam to BEBC.

  8. 75 FR 30831 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies

    2010-06-02

    ... of New York, New York; to acquire voting shares of Sterling Financial Corporation, and thereby indirectly acquire voting shares of Sterling Savings Bank, both of Spokane, Washington, and Golf Savings...

  9. NUEXCO reports on uranium operations

    Uranium prospecting has been commonplace in northeastern Washington since the early 1950's. Discovery of the Midnight deposit on the Spokane Indian Reservation in early 1954 stimulated prospecting throughout the entire eastern part of the state. The three important deposits in the Spokane Mountain area are the Midnight deposit, the Togo formation, and the Sherwood deposit. The Spokane Mountain uranium deposit was discovered by geological, geophysical and geochemical methods. Uranium activities in the Mt. Spokane area have had little economic impact on the district, but the nature of the uranium occurrence is important to future exploration. The only uranium mineral present is meta-autunite. Unoxidized minerals have not been noted in the area

  10. Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) Report : Grand Coulee Dam Mitigation, 1996-1999 Technical Report.

    Kieffer, B.; Singer, Kelly; Abrahamson, Twa-le

    1999-07-01

    The purpose of this Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) study was to determine baseline habitat units and to estimate future habitat units for Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) mitigation projects on the Spokane Indian Reservation. The mitigation between BPA and the Spokane Tribe of Indians (STOI) is for wildlife habitat losses on account of the construction of Grand Coulee Dam. Analysis of the HEP survey data will assist in mitigation crediting and appropriate management of the mitigation lands.

  11. Infiltration of meteoric fluids in an extensional detachment shear zone (Kettle dome, WA, USA): How quartz dynamic recrystallization relates to fluid-rock interaction

    Quilichini, Antoine; Siebenaller, Luc; Nachlas, William O.; Teyssier, Christian; Vennemann, Torsten W.; Heizler, Matthew T.; Mulch, Andreas

    2015-02-01

    We document the interplay between meteoric fluid flow and deformation processes in quartzite-dominated lithologies within a ductile shear zone in the footwall of a Cordilleran extensional fault (Kettle detachment system, Washington, USA). Across 150 m of shear zone section, hydrogen isotope ratios (?D) from synkinematic muscovite fish are constant (?D ? -130‰) and consistent with a meteoric fluid source. Quartz-muscovite oxygen isotope thermometry indicates equilibrium fractionation temperatures of ?365 ± 30 °C in the lower part of the section, where grain-scale quartz deformation was dominated by grain boundary migration recrystallization. In the upper part of the section, muscovite shows increasing intragrain compositional zoning, and quartz microstructures reflect bulging recrystallization, solution-precipitation, and microcracking that developed during progressive cooling and exhumation. The preserved microstructural characteristics and hydrogen isotope fingerprints of meteoric fluids developed over a short time interval as indicated by consistent mica 40Ar/39Ar ages ranging between 51 and 50 Ma over the entire section. Pervasive fluid flow became increasingly channelized during detachment activity, leading to microstructural heterogeneity and large shifts in quartz ?18O values on a meter scale. Ductile deformation ended when brittle motion on the detachment fault rapidly exhumed the mylonitic footwall.

  12. Annual Report: 2011-2012 Storm Season Sampling, Non-Dry Dock Stormwater Monitoring for Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, WA

    Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Rupert, Brian; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhart, Christine

    2013-07-03

    Annual PSNS non-dry dock storm water monitoring results for 2011-2012 storm season. Included are a brief description of the sampling procedures, storm event information, laboratory methods and data collection, a results and discussion section, and the conclusions and recommendations.

  13. WA - Investigation of contaminants in feeds and fish at FWS Pacific Region National Fish Hatcheries and the ramifications to human and ecological health

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Returning adult salmon and steelhead were sampled at three National Fish Hatcheries NFHs; Warm Springs NFH spring Chinook, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Quilcene NFH...

  14. Aoyama Gakuin University team winning the second prize in junior class in a solar car race; Aogaku team wa junior nii (solar car race ni sankashite)

    Hayashi, Y. [Aoyama Gakuin University, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-09-20

    This paper introduces how the Aoyama Gakuin University team competed in the World Solar Car Rally race held at Ogata Village in Akita Prefecture, Japan, in the summer of 1994. The race was formed with solar cars mounting a solar panel with the maximum area of 8 m{sup 2} and batteries with a total output of 3 kWh to compete how many rounds the cars can run around a course of 31 km during three days (25 hours in total). The solar car used by the University team had consumed power of about 600 W at a speed of 40 km/h, with the solar panel generating power of 800 Wp. The first day morning was sunny making possible to set the average speed to 45 km/h (power generation of 500 W or more), but the weather worsened in the afternoon compelling the car to change the speed to 30 km/h (power generation of 200 W). The power generated on the second day, which was cloudy all day, stayed at 250 W at the maximum, hence the speed was kept at 30 km/h to suppress the power consumption. On the sunny third day, the team drove the car worrying about the remaining battery capacity, and succeeded the drive of 23 rounds in total, winning the second prize among 30 cars participated in the junior class race.

  15. In situ biomonitoring of juvenile Chinook salmon (Onchorhynchus tshawytscha) using biomarkers of chemical exposures and effects in a partially remediated urbanized waterway of the Puget Sound, WA

    Browne, Eva [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, 4225 Roosevelt Way Northeast, Suite 100, Seattle, WA 98105-6099 (United States); Kelley, Matthew; Zhou, Guo-Dong; He, Ling Yu; McDonald, Thomas; Wang, Shirley [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843-1266 (United States); Duncan, Bruce [US Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98101 (United States); Meador, James [Ecotoxicology Division, National Marine Fisheries Service, Seattle, WA 98105 (United States); Donnelly, Kirby [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843-1266 (United States); Gallagher, Evan, E-mail: evang3@u.washington.edu [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, 4225 Roosevelt Way Northeast, Suite 100, Seattle, WA 98105-6099 (United States)

    2010-10-15

    In situ biomonitoring has been used to assess the effects of pollution on aquatic species in heavily polluted waterways. In the current study, we used in situ biomonitoring in conjunction with molecular biomarker analysis to determine the effects of pollutant exposure in salmon caged in the Duwamish waterway, a Pacific Northwest Superfund site that has been subject to remediation. The Duwamish waterway is an important migratory route for Pacific salmon and has received historic inputs of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Juvenile pre-smolt Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) caged for 8 days in the three contaminated sites in close proximity within the Duwamish were analyzed for steady state hepatic mRNA expression of 7 exposure biomarker genes encompassing several gene families and known to be responsive to pollutants, including cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) and CYP2K1, glutathione S-transferase {pi} class (GST-{pi}), microsomal GST (mGST), glutamylcysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC), UDP-glucuronyltransferase family 1 (UDPGT), and type 2 deiodinase (type 2 DI, or D2). Quantitation of gene expression was accomplished by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in assays developed specifically for Chinook salmon genes. Gill PAH-DNA adducts were assessed as a chemical effects biomarker using {sup 32}P-postlabeling. The biomarkers in the field-caged fish were analyzed with respect to caged animals maintained at the hatchery receiving flow-through water. Chemical analysis of sediment samples from three field sampling sites revealed relatively high concentrations of total PAHs in one site (site B2, 6711 ng/g dry weight) and somewhat lower concentrations of PAHs in two adjacent sites (sites B3 and B4, 1482 and 1987 ng/g, respectively). In contrast, waterborne PAHs at all of the sampling sites were relatively low (<1 ng/L). Sediment PCBs at the sites ranged from a low of 421 ng/g at site B3 to 1160 ng/g at site B4, and there were no detectable waterborne PCBs at any of the sites (detection limit=10 ng/L). There were no significant differences (p<0.05) in biomarker gene expression in the Duwamish-caged fish relative to controls, although there was a pattern of gene expression suppression at site B3, the most heavily PAH-enriched site. The lack of a marked perturbation of mRNA biomarkers was consistent with relatively low levels of gill PAH-DNA adduct levels that did not differ among caged reference and field fish, and which were also consistent with relatively low waterborne concentrations of chemicals. The results of our study suggest a low bioavailability of sediment pollutants in caged juvenile Chinook potentially reflecting low waterborne exposures occurring at contaminated sites within the Duwamish waterway that have undergone partial remediation.

  16. Campaign for popularization of the hand-made small size windmills; Tezukuri kogata fusha no fukyu keimo (kaze wa hatashite energy ka)

    Matsumoto, F. [Yamaha Corp., Shizuoka (Japan)

    1997-05-31

    Ready-made small windmills and hand-made ones now gaining popularity are introduced. Approximately 202 applications of small windmills are known in Japan, those for household purposes involving pumping, lighting, and armature radio, and those in the public sector involving emergency power supply, battery charging, light beacons, power for isolated relay stations and mountain villas, aeration, sewage purification, heating, and monument illumination. Rotor configurations include the propeller/up, Savonius, straight Darrieus, and sail wings. The author introduces two of his own windmills, one a combination of sail wings and straight Darrieus rotors and the other a propeller type 1650mm-diameter three-blade windmill. The former has a sail-wing rotor whose starting torque is large enough to drive a Darrieus rotor, which cannot self-start when under load even in the presence of wind, until its circumstantial speed reaches a value approximately three times higher than the wind speed. The latter has two generators of which the self-excited type is usually connected while an exciting current is supplied to the separately-excited type when the wind is strong. 4 refs., 9 figs., 4 tabs.

  17. Hyperspectral surface materials map of quadrangle 3466, La`l wa Sar Jangal (507) and Bamyan (508) quadrangles, Afghanistan, showing carbonates, phyllosilicates, sulfates, altered minerals, and other materials

    Kokaly, Raymond F.; King, Trude V.V.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Livo, Keith E.; Giles, Stuart A.; Johnson, Michaela R.

    2013-01-01

    This map shows the spatial distribution of selected carbonates, phyllosilicates, sulfates, altered minerals, and other materials derived from analysis of airborne HyMap™ imaging spectrometer (hyperspectral) data of Afghanistan collected in late 2007. The map is one in a series of U.S. Geological Survey/Afghanistan Geological Survey quadrangle maps covering Afghanistan. Flown at an altitude of 50,000 feet (15,240 meters (m)), the HyMap™ imaging spectrometer measured reflected sunlight in 128 channels, covering wavelengths between 0.4 and 2.5 ?m. The data were georeferenced, atmospherically corrected and converted to apparent surface reflectance, empirically adjusted using ground-based reflectance measurements, and combined into a mosaic with 23-m pixel spacing. Variations in water vapor and dust content of the atmosphere, in solar angle, and in surface elevation complicated correction; therefore, some classification differences may be present between adjacent flight lines. The reflectance spectrum of each pixel of HyMap™ imaging spectrometer data was compared to the reference materials in a spectral library of minerals, vegetation, water, and other materials. Minerals occurring abundantly at the surface and those having unique spectral features were easily detected and discriminated, while minerals having slightly different compositions but similar spectral features were less easily discriminated; thus, some map classes consist of several minerals having similar spectra, such as “Epidote or chlorite.” A designation of “Not classified” was assigned to the pixel when there was no match with reference spectra.

  18. TA'LIM AL-LUGHAH 'ABR AL-TSAQAFAT WA TATHBIQUHU FI TA'LIM AL-LUGHAH AL-'ARABIYAH FI INDONESIA

    Nasaruddin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the close relationship that exists between language and culture which reflected in that language is a pot of culture and culture is a frame of language usage. It follows from this relationship that language learning is the linguistic and cultural process, or what so-called teaching language across cultures. This cultural teaching of language is based on three theories first of which is “Contrastive Analysis”, “Learning The Language Is A Cultural Learning”, and “Cultural Awareness In Foreign Language Teaching And Learning”. Based on these three theories this article tries to put down a cultural pattern for the teaching of Arabic for Indonesian learners which has cultural goals and content. It aims at overcoming linguistic and cultural problems suffered by the Indonesians when learning the Arabic, especially their difficulty in understanding Arabic elements that are different from what in their language, and their difficulty in using Arabic in certain situations properly.

  19. Physical and chemical mutagenesis of early mutant of indica restorers in ''WA'' (wild abortion) hybrid rice system and genetic analysis of mutants in heterosis utilization

    The four indica restorers in the wild abortion hybrid rice system were treated with physical and chemical mutagens, and the mutation frequency in the M2 generation and the correlation between the heading date of the mutants and other characters were investigated

  20. Studies on the separation between higher-twist and minimum-twist in the photoproduction experiment WA69 at the CERN-OMEGA spectrometer

    A Lund type Monte Carlo program (LUCIFER) is used to describe in perturbative QCD the pointlike component of the photon interacting on a hydrogen target. Kinematical and topological variables are developed to enhance higher twist events on the lowest order minimum twist background. The emphasis is laid on π±, K± higher twist mesons. (orig.)