WorldWideScience
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75 FR 5703 - Proposed Modification of Jet Route J-3; Spokane, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...action is necessary for the safety and management of instrument flight rules (IFR) operations...submitted in triplicate to the Docket Management Facility (see ADDRESSES section for...meet or connect to any corresponding airway within Canadian airspace....

2010-02-04

2

75 FR 24789 - Modification of Jet Route J-3; Spokane, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Canadian border. This action is necessary for the safety and management of instrument flight rules (IFR) operations within the National...international border and does not meet or connect to any corresponding airway within Canadian airspace. Additionally, the segment...

2010-05-06

3

Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2003 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting a harvestable fishery for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). A collaborative multi-agency artificial production program for the Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake fisheries exists consisting of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and the Lake Roosevelt Kokanee and Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. These projects operate complementary of one another to target an annual release of 1 million yearling kokanee and 500,000 yearling rainbow trout for Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry/fingerlings for Banks Lake. Combined fish stocking by the hatcheries and net pen rearing projects in 2003 included: 899,168 kokanee yearlings released into Lake Roosevelt; 1,087,331 kokanee fry/fingerlings released into Banks Lake, 44,000 rainbow trout fingerlings and; 580,880 rainbow trout yearlings released into Lake Roosevelt. Stock composition of 2003 releases consisted of Lake Whatcom kokanee, 50:50 diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2003 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to harvestable rainbow trout and kokanee salmon fisheries. An increase in kokanee harvest was primarily owing to new release strategies. Walleye predation, early maturity and entrainment through Grand Coulee Dam continues to have a negative impact on adult kokanee returns and limits the success of hatchery/net pen stocking on the number of harvestable fish. Preliminary results of gonad necropsies indicate a reduced incidence of precocious kokanee produced at the Spokane Tribal Hatchery in 2003. This was a probable attribute of change in hatchery rearing practices employed on 2002 brood year kokanee produced in 2003, primarily thermal manipulation and feed protein source. Kokanee and rainbow trout fingerlings transferred to Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake net pen rearing operations in the fall of 2003 for subsequent release as yearlings in 2004 consisted of 645,234 rainbow trout and 627,037 kokanee salmon. A total of 590,000 Lake Whatcom kokanee fingerlings were carried over at the Spokane Tribal Hatchery for stocking as yearlings in 2004. Recommendations for future hatchery/net pen operations include use of stocks compatible or native to the upper Columbia River, continue hatchery-rearing practices to reduce precocity rates of kokanee and continue new kokanee stocking strategies associated with increased kokanee harvest rates.

Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2004-05-01

4

Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2005 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting harvestable fisheries for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). The Spokane Tribe, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Colville Confederated Tribes and Lake Roosevelt Development Association/Lake Roosevelt Volunteer Net Pen Project are cooperating in a comprehensive artificial production program to produce kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) for annual releases into the project area. The program consists of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. The Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake Fisheries Evaluation Program monitor and evaluates release strategies and production methods for the aforementioned projects. Between 1985 and 2005 the projects have collectively produced up to 800,000 rainbow trout and 4 million kokanee salmon for release into Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry for Banks Lake annually. In 2005, the annual release goal included 3.3 million kokanee fry, 475,000 kokanee yearlings and 500,000 rainbow trout yearlings. Fish produced by this project in 2005 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 3,446,438 kokanee fingerlings, 347,730 rainbow trout fingerlings and 525,721 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Meadow Creek and Lake Whatcom kokanee, diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2004 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to rainbow trout catch and harvest rates while the impact on the kokanee fishery was minimal. Success of the Lake Roosevelt kokanee artificial production program appears to be limited primarily owing to predation, precocity and high entrainment rates through Grand Coulee Dam. Recommendations for future hatchery/net pen operations include use of stocks compatible or native to the upper Columbia River, continue kokanee fry and post-smolt releases, 100% triploid hatchery stock rainbow trout used and adipose fin clip hatchery stock rainbow trout prior to release. The Spokane Tribal Hatchery is funded by the Bonneville Power Administration under directives by the Northwest Power Conservation Council Columbia River Basin Fish & Wildlife Program, Resident Fish Substitution Measures, 1987 to current (Subbasin Plan), as partial mitigation for anadromous and resident fish losses in the blocked areas above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams.

Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2006-03-01

5

Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2004 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting a harvestable fishery for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). A collaborative multi-agency artificial production program for the Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake fisheries exists consisting of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and the Lake Roosevelt Kokanee and Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. These projects operate complementary of one another to target an annual release of 1 million yearling kokanee and 500,000 yearling rainbow trout for Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry/fingerlings for Banks Lake. Fish produced by this project in 2004 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 1,655,722 kokanee fingerlings, 537,783 rainbow trout fingerlings and 507,660 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Lake Whatcom kokanee, 50:50 diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2004 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to harvestable rainbow trout and kokanee salmon fisheries. An increase in kokanee harvest was primarily owing to new release strategies. Walleye predation, early maturity and entrainment through Grand Coulee Dam continues to have a negative impact on adult kokanee returns and limits the success of hatchery/net pen stocking on the number of harvestable fish. Recommendations for future hatchery/net pen operations include use of stocks compatible or native to the upper Columbia River, continue hatchery-rearing practices to reduce precocity rates of kokanee and continue new kokanee stocking strategies associated with increased kokanee harvest rates.

Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2005-03-01

6

78 FR 7448 - Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino and Mixed Use Project...Indian Affairs (BIA) as lead agency, with the Spokane Tribe of Indians (Tribe), National Indian Gaming Commission (NIGC),...

2013-02-01

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77 FR 24976 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino and Mixed Use Project, City of...Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) for the Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains casino and mixed use project, City...

2012-04-26

8

77 FR 12873 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino and Mixed...Environmental Protection Agency for the Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains casino and mixed...comment period. Background The Spokane Tribe of Indians (Tribe) has requested...

2012-03-02

9

At WA18  

CERN Multimedia

By July 1978 the CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome-Moskow Collaboration (CHARM) has set up the experiment WA18, behind WA1 (on the right), in the neutrino wide-band (WBB) and narrow-band (NBB) beams, at the West Area Neutrino Facility (WANF)and started data taking data.

1978-01-01

10

Top view of WA3  

CERN Multimedia

The WA3 experiment by the Amsterdam-CERN-Cracow-Munich-Oxford-Rutherford (ACCMORE)Collaboration aimed to study exclusive pion and kaon interactions with protons. WA7 is seen on the backgound (top). The hut on the right is WA3, the hut on the left is WA2.

1977-01-01

11

At WA11  

CERN Multimedia

Starting with february 1977 the WA5 spectrometer of the Indiana-Saclay Collaboration originally designed to study hadron backward scattering on protons, and later modified by the Indiana-Imperial College (London)-Saclay-Southampton Collaboration, was used (experiment WA11) to search for high mass states produced with the J/psi. On the left, Tom Marshall moves in a beam hodoscope. On the right, at the entrance of the Goliath magnet, one sees the 1 m long hydrogen target. (Later the set-up was reshuffled, and the hydrogen target was replaced by a set of Be targets located upstream of the magnet.)

1977-01-01

12

At WA3  

CERN Multimedia

Installation of one half of the photon calorimeter as a part of the multiparticle spectrometer of the ACCMOR Collaboration (WA3). The calorimeter was 28 radiation lengths deep and consisted of two identical blocks of 40 scintillator planes with 2 cm wide elements, interleaved with layers of lead 4 mm thick. Robert Klanner stands on the right (see photo 7710073).

1977-01-01

13

Preparing for WA34  

CERN Multimedia

Following a proposal by a CERN-Florence-Genova Collaboration to study charmed particles photoproduced in emulsion plates tagged by the Omega apparatus triggers, WA34 was a test exposure to demonstrate the validity of the experimental method. Here (centre) Giordano Diambrini-Palazzi inside the Omega magnet. the validity of the experimental method.

1977-01-01

14

78 FR 2428 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...definition of unassociated funerary objects under 25 U.S.C. 3001...Cultural Items The funerary objects described below were excavated...Roosevelt) whose waters would soon cover the area. This undertaking...land from which the funerary objects were removed were...

2013-01-11

15

Shock waves in condensed matter; Proceedings of the fourth topical conference, Spokane, WA, July 22-25, 1985  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In these proceedings concerned with shock waves, topics on the equation of state, optical studies, mechanical properties, dynamic fracture and fragmentation, experimental developments, geophysical materials and applications, hydrodynamics, material synthesis, and energetic materials are discussed. Papers are presented on the theory of the high-temperature shocked metallic state, shock-induced radiation from minerals, a micromechanical model of porous-brittle solids, and strain rate dependence in steady plastic shock waves. Consideration is given to an application of geometric statistics to dynamic fragmentation, shock temperature measurements in ammonia, the shock loading and release behavior of X-cut quartz, and the calculation of the dimensions of the steady Mach wave. Additional papers are on chemical synthesis under high-pressure shock loading and rate-determining steps for ingnition of shocked nitromethane. Special attention is given to computer simulation of nonequilibrium processes

16

Exploration systems approach to the Spokane Mountain area uranium deposits, Northeastern Washington  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Within the gross context of economic exploration techniques developed through case studies of known mineralization, this report of research into the Spokane Mountain uranium deposit integrates the results of numerous field surveys and the application of proven scientific methods with the effects of all tasks weighed against those of similar activities and the costs of alternative methods. An exploration systems approach to the problem required a synthesis of information derived mainly from a small mining district in Stevens County, Washington. Data were obtained by utilizing sources of information available to the mineral industry and state-of-the-art uranim exploration techniques, including geological, geophysical, geochemical, and emanometric procedures. The Spokane Mountain mineralization exemplifies classical conditions of uranium deposits that form in the contact zone developed between metasediments and uraniferous intrusive rocks. Geological studies for this report include assessments of subsurface conditions; interpretations of detailed petrographic examinations that emphasize depositional environments, metamorphic effects, alteration, paragenesis, mineralogy, and origin; and overviews of regional stratigraphy, structure, metamorphism, plutonium, and metallogeny. Elements and minerals associated with uranium were detected along the contact zone, Midnite Trend, using geochemical techniques applied to both soils and stream surveys. The coincidence of molybdenum am surveys. The coincidence of molybdenum and uranium in the sediments and water of streams in the Spokane Mountain area indicates a nearby source of uranium. The abundance of multielements such as U, As, and F in the soils, checked at various densities and scales, are indicators of uranium mineralization; also, two targets with uranium potential apparently exist in areas peripheral to Spokane Mountain

17

InSAR Evidence for an active shallow thrust fault beneath the city of Spokane Washington, USA  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2001, a nearly five month long sequence of shallow, mostly small magnitude earthquakes occurred beneath the city of Spokane, a city with a population of about 200,000, in the state of Washington. During most of the sequence, the earthquakes were not well located because seismic instrumentation was sparse. Despite poor-quality locations, the earthquake hypocenters were likely very shallow, because residents near the city center both heard and felt many of the earthquakes. The combination of poor earthquake locations and a lack of known surface faults with recent movement make assessing the seismic hazards related to the earthquake swarm difficult. However, the potential for destruction from a shallow moderate-sized earthquake is high, for example Christchurch New Zealand in 2011, so assessing the hazard potential of a seismic structure involved in the Spokane earthquake sequence is important. Using interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from the European Space Agency ERS2 and ENVISAT satellites and the Canadian Space Agency RADARSAT-1, satellite we are able to show that slip on a shallow previously unknown thrust fault, which we name the Spokane Fault, is the source of the earthquake sequence. The part of the Spokane Fault that slipped during the 2001 earthquake sequence underlies the north part of the city, and slip on the fault was concentrated between ~0.3 and 2 km depth. Projecting the buried fault plane to the surface gives a possible surface trace for the Spokane Fault that strikes northeast from the city center into north Spokane.

Wicks, Charles W.; Weaver, Craig S.; Bodin, Paul; Sherrod, Brian

2013-01-01

18

Hsaing Waing: Classical Ensemble of Myanmar  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hsaing Waing is a classical music ensemble and a prominent culturalidentity of Myanmar. The Hsaing Waing ensemble consists of many instruments such as the Pat Waing, Muang Hsaing, Hne, Chauk Lon Bat, Byaung, Wa, Wallet Kok, Yakin, Si, and Mong. The earliest historical record of the Hsaing Waing is in 1544 where the Pat Waing and possibly the Hsaing Waing, was in royal service at the court of King Tabinshwehti of the Taungoo dynasty and prospered under the Kaunbaun dynasty up to colonial rule. During colonization, Hsaing Waing’s popularity declined but other innovations were introduced such as modern recording mediums and broadcasts which transferred the popularity of Hsaing Waing to a broader public audience and brought innovation to religious music, ceremonial rituals, fusion of westernmusical instruments such as the piano, violin and mandolin. The wealth of knowledge and numbers of connoisseur during the Kaunbaun dynasty led to the transfer of knowledge to many apprentices which were responsible for the development and adaptation and continuation of Hsaing Waing during colonization, socialism and independence. The transfer of knowledge was carried out by previous generations through apprentices, family members, close relatives and inspired individuals. The factors for the successful inheritance of Hsaing Waing are management, education, musicians and opportunity.

Chalermkit Kengkeaw

2013-09-01

19

Potential Hydroelectric Power Upriver Dam: City of Spokane Department of Utilities Water Division  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The technical, economic, environmental and institutional feasibility of increasing the power generation capacity of the City of Spokane's Upriver Dam Complex by installing additional generating facilities and/or modifying existing facilities were studied. It is proposed that the existing powerhouse be uprated from 3.9 to 4.5 MW and that a new powerhouse be constructed with two 4.5 MW turbines to provide an annual additional energy production of 62.3 million kWh. No adverse environmental or safety effects are foreseen, the socio-institutional impacts will be beneficial, there is a market for the power produced, and the benefit/cost ratio is advantageous. (LCL)

1979-02-01

20

Radon and remedial action in Spokane River Valley residences: an interim report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fifty-six percent of 46 residences monitored in the Spokane River Valley in eastern Washington/northern Idaho have indoor radon concentrations above the National Council for Radiation Protection (NCRP) guidelines of 8 pCi/1. Indoor levels were over 20 pCi/1 in eight homes, and ranged up to 132 pCi/1 in one house. Radon concentrations declined by factors of 4 to 38 during summer months. Measurements of soil emanation rates, domestic water supply concentrations, and building material flux rates indicate that diffusion of radon does not significantly contribute to the high concentrations observed. Rather, radon entry is dominated by pressure-driven bulk soil gas transport, aggravated by the local subsurface soil composition and structure. A variety of radon control strategies are being evaluated in 14 of these homes. Sub-surface ventilation by depressurization and overpressurization, basement overpressurization, and crawlspace ventilation are capable of successfully reducing radon levels below 5 pCi/1 in these homes. House ventilation is appropriate in buildings with low-moderate concentrations, while sealing of cracks has been relatively ineffective

21

Detailed geochemical study, Mount Spokane 15-minute quadrangle, Washington and Idaho  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This abbreviated data report presents results of ground water and stream sediment reconnaissance in the Mount Spokane quadrangle in eastern Washington and northwestern Idaho. Stream sediment samples were taken at 225 sites. Surface water samples were taken at 166 of these sites. Ground water samples were collected at 116 sites. Neutron activation analysis results are given for uranium and 16 other elements in sediment samples, and for uranium and nine other elements in water samples. Mass spectrometry results are given for helium in ground water. Field measurements and observations are reported for each site. Analytical data and field measurements are presented in tables and maps. Data from sediment sites (on microfiche, in pocket) include (1) water chemistry measurements from sites where water was available (pH, conductivity, and alkalinity), and (2) elemental analyses for sediment samples (U, Th, Hf, Al, Ce, Dy, Eu, Fe, La, Lu, Mn, Na, Sc, Sm, Ti, V, and Yb). Sample site descriptors (stream characteristics, vegetation, etc.) are also tabulated. Areal distribution maps, histograms, and cumulative frequency plots for the above elements, log U/Th, log U/Hf, log U/(Th + Hf), and scintillometer readings at sediment sample sites are included on the microfiche. Data from ground water sites (also on microfiche in pocket) include (1) water chemistry measurements (pH, conductivity, and alkalinity), (2) physical measurements, where applicable (water temperature, well descriptilicable (water temperature, well description, and scintillometer reading), and (3) elemental analyses (U, Al, Br, Cl, Dy, F, Mg, Mn, Na, and V). Helium analyses are given for ground water. Data from surface water sites (also on microfiche in pocket) include (1) water quality measurements (pH, conductivity, and alkalinity) and (2) elemental analyses

22

Event simulation for the WA80 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The HIJET and LUND event generators are compared. It is concluded that for detector construction and design of experimental setups, the differences between the two models are marginal. The coverage of the WA80 setup in pseudorapidity and energy is demonstrated. The performance of some of the WA80 detectors (zero-degree calorimeter, wall calorimeter, multiplicity array, and SAPHIR lead-glass detector) is evaluated based on calculations with the LUND or the HIJET codes combined with codes simulating the detector responses. (orig.)

23

Event simulation for the WA80 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The HIJET and LUND event generators are compared. It is concluded that for detector construction and design of experimental setups, the differences between the two models are marginal. The coverage of the WA80 setup in pseudorapidity and energy is demonstrated. The performance of some of the WA80 detectors (zero-degree calorimeter, wall calorimeter, multiplicity array, and SAPHIR lead-glass detector) is evaluated based on calculations with the LUND or the HIJET codes combined with codes simulating the detector responses. 9 refs., 3 figs

24

Proceedings of Learning for Survival: A Symposium on Environmental Education and Water Quality for the Future (Spokane, Washington, October 25-27, 1974).  

Science.gov (United States)

This book contains a record of papers and edited transcripts presented at a program sponsored by the Institute for Environmental Studies. The program was part of an International Exposition on the Environment, EXPO 74 held in Spokane, Washington. The program incorporated three areas of interest: designing and finding methods for improving…

Widditsch, Ann, Ed.

25

Concentrations and loads of cadmium, lead, zinc, and nutrients measured during the 1999 water year within the Spokane River basin, Idaho and Washington  

Science.gov (United States)

The Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study conducted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency within the Spokane River Basin of northern Idaho and eastern Washington included extensive data-collection activities to determine the nature and extent of trace-element contaminationwithin the basin. The U.S. Geological Survey designed and operated a streamflow and water quality

Woods, P.F.

2001-01-01

26

IKAR, a ionization chamber for WA9  

CERN Multimedia

This ionization chamber arrived at CERN from Leningrad for a high precision study of hadron elastic scattering by a CERN-Clermont-Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon-Uppsala Collaboration in the H3 beam (WA9). G.A. Korolev (third from right) looks at the drawings.

1976-01-01

27

WaRG: Warehousing RDF Graphs  

OpenAIRE

We propose to demonstrate WaRG, a system for performing warehouse-style analytics on RDF graphs. To our knowledge, our framework is the first to keep the warehousing process purely in the RDF format and take advantage of the heterogeneity and semantics inherent to this model.

Colazzo, Dario; Ghosh, Tushar; Goasdoue?, Franc?ois; Manolescu, Ioana; Roatis, Alexandra

2013-01-01

28

Electromagnetic calorimeter trigger for the WA91 and WA92 experiments  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The design of an electromagnetic calorimeter trigger in the WA91 and WA92 experiments at the CERN ?-spectrometer is presented. The electromagnetic calorimeter trigger system in the WA91 experiment has been developed on the basis of 16 CAMAC analog adders. It has been used to trigger on centrally produced meson states decaying into ?0- and ?-mesons. The trigger required one or more ?s with energy E > 2 GeV. Programmable fast electronic modules were designed to build the calorimeter trigger system in the WA92 experiment. It selected events with high transverse electromagnetic energy ET in order to study B-meson decays with ?0s and electrons in the final state. The trigger required two or more electromagnetic showers with ET > 0.5 GeV. This criterion resulted in a trigger rate of 3% of the interaction trigger while keeping 25% of the beauty particles. 8 refs., 8 figs

29

Members of the WA9 team celebrate  

CERN Multimedia

WA9 was an experiment set up by the Clermont Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon-Uppsala Collaboration to study with high precision elastic scattering in the Coulomb interference region. Here: A.A. Vorobyov, M. Querrou, A.P. Kashchuk, I.I. Tkach, J.P. Martin, T. Ekelöf, G.A. Korolev, (?), V.A. Schegelsky, A.S. Denisov, S. Kullander, M. Chemarin, P. Grafström, S. Maury, E. Hagberg

1976-01-01

30

Impacts of future changes on groundwater recharge and flow in highly-connected river-aquifer systems: A case study of the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer  

Science.gov (United States)

The Spokane, Washington-Coeur d'Alene, Idaho Corridor is well-known for its Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie (SVRP) Aquifer which is a sole source of drinking water for more than 500,000 people. The aquifer is highly connected to the Spokane River and responds very fast to natural and human perturbations, making it relatively vulnerable to climate and anthropogenic changes in future decades. Recent studies have indicated a decline in minimum daily flow in the Spokane River in the last 100 years, while projecting an increase in cool-season precipitation into the future. We investigated the potential impacts of these projected future climate-driven hydrologic changes on groundwater recharge and flow in the SVRP. A distributed, physically-based hydrological model, the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System (PRMS), was coupled with an existing Modular three-dimensional finite-difference ground-water model (MODFLOW) to have better estimates of recharge into the SVRP as well as the interaction of surface water and groundwater. The couple model was calibrated and validated at a daily time-step within the Model-Independent Parameter Estimation (PEST) framework using 16 years of both observed streamflow and observed well data (1990 - 2005). To assess future climate change impacts, statistically downscaled climate projections of temperature and precipitation between 2010 and 2050 from four general circulation models were used. The results from the coupled model provide insight on the interplay between snowmelt, streamflow, groundwater recharge and discharge in such a highly-connected system. Moreover, the relative sensitivities of groundwater recharge and flow with respect to changes in climate and land cover are also examined. These results can be used as good references for long term water resources management and planning in the region.

Nguyen, T. T.; Baxter, H.; Barber, M. E.; Hossain, A.; Orr, C. H.; Adam, J. C.

2013-12-01

31

Results from CERN experiment WA80  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As in the case of most of the experiments discussed at this conference, the primary goal of WA80 is a search for evidence that a quark-gluon plasma (QGP) has been formed, or that some similar phase transition has taken place. A number of signatures for QGP formation have been suggested, and most experiments have been designed so as to obtain data that pertain to one or more of these signatures. In the case of WA80, the primary probe for the investigation of the QGP is the measurement of photons that may be emitted from the plasma phase. An understanding of the various QGP signatures, however, requires an understanding of the background created by reaction products that do not relate directly to QGP production and thus requires a thorough understanding of the reaction mechanism governing nucleus-nucleus collisions at these extreme energies. Consequently, another important goal of WA80 is to survey nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 and 200 GeV/nucleon and to compare the results to those obtained from proton-nucleus interactions. We have pursued this second goal by measuring forward and transverse energies, by studying the multiplicities of produced charged particles over a large range of pseudorapidity, by investigating transverse momentum spectra of neutral products, and by examining target fragmentation products. In this paper we review all of our results obtained with 60- and 200-GeV/nucleon /sup 16/O projectiles, with the exception of charged-particle multiplicity data, which are discussed in a separate presentation at this conference. We also present the first preliminary calorimeter results from /sup 32/S bombardments at 6.4 TeV. 22 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs

32

75 FR 33556 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Port Angeles, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Port Angeles, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...Fairchild International Airport, Port Angeles, WA. The Ediz Hook Nondirectional Radio...Fairchild International Airport, Port Angeles, WA. This action is necessary...

2010-06-14

33

BENTHIC MACROFAUNA-HABITAT RELATIONSHIPS IN WILLAPA BAY, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Benthic macrofauna-habitat relationships were determined estuary-wide in Willapa Bay, WA for four intertidal habitats ((1) eelgrass, Zostera marina, (2) Atlantic cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora, (3) ghost shrimp, Neotrypaea californiensis, (4) mud shrimp, Upogebia pugettensis) i...

34

77 FR 14586 - Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement; Kittitas County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...WA AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA...prepared for a proposed design change to an interstate highway improvement project...Keechelus Lake proposes a design change that meets the purpose and need for the highway improvements...

2012-03-12

35

Effects of dietary supplementation of probiotic Shewanella colwelliana WA64, Shewanella olleyana WA65 on the innate immunity and disease resistance of abalone, Haliotis discus hannai Ino.  

Science.gov (United States)

The effects of dietary administration of two probiotics, Shewanella colwelliana WA64 and Shewanella olleyana WA65, on the innate immunity of abalone (Haliotis discus hannai Ino), and survival of juvenile abalone challenged with Vibrio harveyi have been studied. Two groups of abalone were fed with three different diets: one control, and two diets supplemented with 10(9) cell g(-1) of probiotic WA64 (WA64 diet) and WA65 (WA65 diet) for up to four weeks. Results showed that abalone fed diets containing S. colwelliana WA64 and S. olleyana WA65 had led to an enhanced cellular and humoral immune response, notably higher haemocytes, respiratory burst activity, serum lysozyme activity and total protein levels were recorded after one week of probiotic administration. On the other hand, mortality after the challenges with V. harveyi in the group fed with control diet ranged from 77 to 80%, while mortality rates observed in the groups fed with diets supplemented with WA64 and WA65 ranged from 27 to 50% and 30-43%, respectively. The results demonstrated potential for S. colwelliana WA64 and S. olleyana WA65 to improve innate immunity and disease resistance in H. discus hannai. PMID:23602848

Jiang, Hai-Feng; Liu, Xiao-Lin; Chang, Ya-Qing; Liu, Ming-Tai; Wang, Gao-Xue

2013-07-01

36

Spawning New Ideas: A Cycle of Discovery. Conference Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the Association for Experiential Education (24th, Spokane, WA, September 26-29, 1996).  

Science.gov (United States)

This conference proceedings includes 66 papers, workshop descriptions, and abstracts concerned with experiential education; outdoor education; adventure-based education, counseling, and therapy; and outdoor leadership. Topics include various aspects of program design and administration; experiential educational practices and group facilitation…

Baker, Babs, Ed.

37

The J3 SCR model applied to resonant converter simulation  

Science.gov (United States)

The J3 SCR model is a continuous topology computer model for the SCR. Its circuit analog and parameter estimation procedure are uniformly applicable to popular computer-aided design and analysis programs such as SPICE2 and SCEPTRE. The circuit analog is based on the intrinsic three pn junction structure of the SCR. The parameter estimation procedure requires only manufacturer's specification sheet quantities as a data base.

Avant, R. L.; Lee, F. C. Y.

1985-01-01

38

Spokane NTMS 10 x 20 quadrangle area, Washington-Idaho-Montana. Supplemental data report: National Uranium Resource Evaluation program, hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Supplemental analytical results for stram sediments, ground water, and surface water are presented. The samples were collected as part of the SRL-NURE reconnaissance in the National Topographic Map Series (NTMS) Spokane 10 x 20 quadrangle. Results are reported for 23 elements (Ag, As, Ba, Be, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, K, Li, Mg, Mo, Nb, Ni, P, Pb, Se, Sn, Sr, W, Y, Zn, and extractable U) in sediments and 31 elements (Ag, Al, As, B, Ba, Be, Ca, Ce, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Nb, Ni, P, Sc, Se, Si, Sr, Th, Ti, V, Y, Zn, and Zr) in waters. Field data and Neutron Activation Analyses for uranium and 16 other elements in sediments and for uranium and nine other elements in water have been open-filed in SRL document DPST-80-146-15

39

75 FR 41774 - Proposed Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...surface airspace and modify existing Class E airspace at Deer Park Airport, Deer Park, WA, to accommodate aircraft using the...

2010-07-19

40

33 CFR 100.1307 - Special Local Regulations, Strait Thunder Performance, Port Angeles, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Regulations, Strait Thunder Performance, Port Angeles, WA. 100.1307 Section 100.1307...Regulations, Strait Thunder Performance, Port Angeles, WA. (a) Regulated Areas. (1...the following points located near Port Angeles, Washington: Point 1:...

2010-07-01

41

75 FR 14467 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Pierce College District, Lakewood, WA, and Thomas Burke Memorial...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Inventory Completion: Pierce College District, Lakewood, WA, and Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington...District, Lakewood, WA, and in the physical custody of the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum),...

2010-03-25

42

75 FR 61609 - Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...and amend existing Class E airspace at Deer Park, WA, to accommodate aircraft using...Instrument Approach Procedures (SIAPs) at Deer Park, WA. This will improve the...

2010-10-06

43

75 FR 51173 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Port Angeles, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Amendment of Class E Airspace; Port Angeles, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...amend existing Class E airspace at Port Angeles, WA. The Ediz Hook Nondirectional Radio...rulemaking to amend controlled airspace at Port Angeles, WA (75 FR 33556). Interested...

2010-08-19

44

Beam current transformer (BCT) for experiment WA1/2  

CERN Multimedia

In experiment WA1/2, a 400 GeV proton beam from the SPS was directed at a target, downstream of which a hadron line selected, in several narrow momentum bands, a beam of either pi+ and K+ or pi- and K-. These neutrino-parent particles, before entering a 292 m long decay tunnel, passed through a set of 2 BCTs of a design seen here. They measured the hadron intensity (10^10 to 10^11 particles/pulse) with a precision of the order of 1%. There were 2 of them, for enhanced precision and confidence. After the discovery of neutral currents in the Gargamelle-experiment, WA1/2 was the first follow-up, high-precision experiment (Z.Phys.C35, 443-452, 1987 and Z.Phys.C45, 361-379, 1990). See also 7706516X.

1978-01-01

45

Knock-on electrons in WA98 silicon drift detector  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Silicon Drift Detector is used to estimate production of knock-on electrons created by passage of 158 GeV /u fully stripped Pb ion through thick lead target. Analysed data were collected in 1995 during Pb+Pb run in WA98 heavy ion experiment at CERN SPS. Information from WA98 Cherenkov beam counter makes it possible to classify events according to number of additional Pb ions which have during detector's read-out time passed through the target without nuclear interaction. Events with one and none pile-up ion are used for statistical separation of knock-on electrons from all detected charged particles. Resulting inclusive spectra of knock-on electrons are compared with GRANT simulations and good agreement is found. (author)

46

Slum Upgrading: The Muungano Wa Wanavijiji (MWW) Vision  

OpenAIRE

This article explores the concept of slum upgrading as understood by Muungano wa Wanavijiji (MWW), a federation of slum dwellers in Nairobi (hereafter referred to as Muungano). It discusses different issues related to slum upgrading projects in Nairobi in two ways: through a description of what slum upgrading means to Muungano and through an interview with Ezekiel Rema, Chairman of Muungano and one of the eighteen founding members of this federation in 1996, who shares the various aspects of ...

Rema, Ezekiel

2011-01-01

47

Korean WA-DGNSS User Segment Software Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Korean WA-DGNSS is a large scale research project funded by Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs Korea. It aims to augment the Global Navigation Satellite System by broadcasting additional signals from geostationary satellites and providing differential correction messages and integrity data for the GNSS satellites. The project is being carried out by a consortium of universities and research institutes. The research team at Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute is involved in design and development of data processing softwares for wide area reference station and user segment. This paper focuses on user segment software design. Korean WA-DGNSS user segment software is designed to perform several functions such as calculation of pseudorange, ionosphere and troposphere delays, application of fast and slow correction messages, and data verification. It is based on a layered architecture that provides a model to develop flexible and reusable software and is divided into several independent, interchangeable and reusable components to reduce complexity and maintenance cost. The current version is designed to collect and process GPS and WA-DGNSS data however it is flexible to accommodate future GNSS systems such as GLONASS and Galileo.

Sayed Chhattan Shah

2013-03-01

48

Infectivity and antigenicity reduction rates of human rotavirus strain Wa in fresh waters.  

OpenAIRE

The rates of inactivation of human rotavirus type 2 (strain Wa) (HRV-Wa) and poliovirus type 1 (strain CHAT) were compared in polluted waters (creek water and secondary effluent before chlorination) and nonpolluted waters (lake water, groundwater, and chlorinated tap water). Viral infectivity titers were determined by plaque assays, while HRV-Wa antigenicity also was monitored by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Both viruses persisted longest in lake water and shortest in tap water. The ...

Pancorbo, O. C.; Evanshen, B. G.; Campbell, W. F.; Lambert, S.; Curtis, S. K.; Woolley, T. W.

1987-01-01

49

W.A. SAXS facility at Curtin university  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: This talk will describe some of the research that has been conducted during the past 12 months at the W.A SAXS Facility at Curtin University. This research includes SAXS studies of mesoporous materials, iron oxyhdroxide in mammalian tissue, calcium oxalates, ferritin and apoferritin samples, exfoliated layered double hydroxides, non-exfoliated gibbsite, kaolins, iron oxide powders, magnesium powders, inorganic polymers, various concentrations of magnetite with different polymer coatings in fluids and cross linked polymer systems. This talk will concentrate on the results of SAXS from iron oxyhydroxide particles in rat livers and spleens, and the details of modelling the particle size distributions

50

Recent results from the WA80 experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results from the WA80 experiment on systematics of global observables, dET/d? and dNch/d?, as well as on spectra of identified particles are presented. Special attention is given to the target fragmentation region where two-pion correlations and proton distributions have been measured. Incorporation of strong rescattering phenomena into string models is found to provide a good description of most experimental data. Deviations to this are pointed out. The present status of the ?thermal/?0 ratio as a signal of the quark gluon plasma is discussed

51

Gigafida and slWaC: topic comparison  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the article, the following two issues are analyzed: (a incorporation of texts from the Internet into existing reference corpora and comparison with the existence of web corpora, and (b the latest two corpora of Slovenian language texts: the Gigafida corpus consisting mainly of printed texts and to a lesser extent also web texts, and the slWaC corpus which is entirely compiled from web texts. First, similarities and differences between the two corpora are identified using the topic modelling method, and then the same method is applied to the individual taxonomic categories of the Gigafida corpus. The first part of the analysis showed that the work of reference corpus compilers is currently still incoherent with regard to the incorporation of Internet texts into corpora which should reveal the overall picture of a certain language. In case compilers decide to incorporate web texts, the range of included genres is generally broad. The second part of the analysis showed a significant thematic variation between the Gigafida and slWaC corpora, and pointed out the most typical themes covered by each of the six Gigafida corpus parts.

Nataša Logar Berginc

2013-05-01

52

77 FR 61782 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Chinook, Pacific County, WA. Fort Columbia was built...the eastern leg of Baker Bay, east of Chinook Point...north, in the Shoalwater Bay region (now named Willapa Bay). Based on this history...Box 42650, Olympia, WA 98504-2650,...

2012-10-11

53

77 FR 69576 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Thea Foss Waterway Previously Known as City Waterway, Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Regulation; Thea Foss Waterway Previously Known as City Waterway, Tacoma, WA AGENCY...governs the Murray Morgan Bridge, also known as the South 11th Street Bridge, across Thea Foss Waterway, mile 0.6, previously known as City Waterway, at Tacoma, WA....

2012-11-20

54

77 FR 69562 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Thea Foss Waterway Previously Known as City Waterway, Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Regulation; Thea Foss Waterway Previously Known as City Waterway, Tacoma, WA AGENCY...governs the Murray Morgan Bridge, also known as the South 11th Street Bridge, across...Foss Waterway, mile 0.6, previously known as City Waterway, at Tacoma, WA....

2012-11-20

55

STATE/EPA WATER QUALITY-LIMITED WATERBODIES (CWA SECT 303(D)) FOR WA, ID, OR  

Science.gov (United States)

Major Attributes: Causes of impairment, & extent of waterbodies listed Water Quality Limited/TMDL designations (303(d)). Easily incorporated into maps at the region, county, & basin level. Scale: 1:100,000, via the digital stream reach files. Extent: WA, ID, OR. Source: WA...

56

Contemporary "Hoisan-wa" Language Maintenance in Northern California: Evidence from Fourteen Frog Story Narratives  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores uninvestigated issues in Cantonese and "Hoisan-wa" language maintenance from an ethnic Chinese diaspora point of view. Data come from a larger study looking at Frog Story narratives from 140 Cantonese-English bilingual children in California. Fourteen of these children were found to display uniquely "Hoisan-wa" phonology and…

Leung, Genevieve

2012-01-01

57

75 FR 60352 - Proposed Modification of the Seattle, WA, Class B Airspace Area; Public Meetings  

Science.gov (United States)

...concerning a proposal to revise the Class B airspace area at Seattle, WA...the planned modification to the Class B airspace at Seattle, WA. Each...Only comments concerning the plan to modify the Class B airspace area at Seattle...

2010-09-30

58

Nutrient value protein of mutant J3 of agaricus blazei by irradiation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The studies of nutrient value protein of mutant J3 of Agaricus blazei were carried out. The results showed that mutant J3 had 9 kinds of essential amino acids, the compositions of essential amino acids is 46.0% of total amino acids. The amino acid score is 94.5, the essential amino acid index is 92.4, biological value is 89.0, the ratio coefficient of amino acids is 72.3, the nutrient value is 32.5. The chemical score is 74.18. These results proved that the protein of mutant J3 had high nutrient value

59

Generation and verification of the multigroup constants library MGCL-J3 for nuclear criticality calculations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The new multigroup constants library called MGCL-J3 was generated from the latest Japanese evaluated nuclear data library JENDL-3. The library includes P3-scattering data and h-table to compensate for the effect of moderator mass on the resonance self-shielding factor (f-factor) due to the Bondarenko's method. Although MGCL-J3 has more information than MGCL-B-IV which was produced from American evaluated nuclear file ENDF/B-IV, it requires less memory space. MGCL-J3 can only be processed with the computer program MAIL3.0, which outputs a cross section set in a format adequate for subsequent neutron transport programs such as ANISN, KENO IV and so on. This report describes features of the MGCL-J3 library compared with the MGCL-B-IV, the method for generating the library and some results of criticality calculation by using the new library. (author)

60

J3Gen: a PRNG for low-cost passive RFID.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pseudorandom number generation (PRNG) is the main security tool in low-cost passive radio-frequency identification (RFID) technologies, such as EPC Gen2. We present a lightweight PRNG design for low-cost passive RFID tags, named J3Gen. J3Gen is based on a linear feedback shift register (LFSR) configured with multiple feedback polynomials. The polynomials are alternated during the generation of sequences via a physical source of randomness. J3Gen successfully handles the inherent linearity of LFSR based PRNGs and satisfies the statistical requirements imposed by the EPC Gen2 standard. A hardware implementation of J3Gen is presented and evaluated with regard to different design parameters, defining the key-equivalence security and nonlinearity of the design. The results of a SPICE simulation confirm the power-consumption suitability of the proposal. PMID:23519344

Melià-Seguí, Joan; Garcia-Alfaro, Joaquin; Herrera-Joancomartí, Jordi

2013-01-01

61

Annual trace-metal load estimates and flow-weighted concentrations of cadmium, lead, and zinc in the Spokane River basin, Idaho and Washington, 1999-2004  

Science.gov (United States)

Streamflow and trace-metal concentration data collected at 10 locations in the Spokane River basin of northern Idaho and eastern Washington during 1999-2004 were used as input for the U.S. Geological Survey software, LOADEST, to estimate annual loads and mean flow-weighted concentrations of total and dissolved cadmium, lead, and zinc. Cadmium composed less than 1 percent of the total metal load at all stations; lead constituted from 6 to 42 percent of the total load at stations upstream from Coeur d'Alene Lake and from 2 to 4 percent at stations downstream of the lake. Zinc composed more than 90 percent of the total metal load at 6 of the 10 stations examined in this study. Trace-metal loads were lowest at the station on Pine Creek below Amy Gulch, where the mean annual total cadmium load for 1999-2004 was 39 kilograms per year (kg/yr), the mean estimated total lead load was about 1,700 kg/yr, and the mean annual total zinc load was 14,000 kg/yr. The trace-metal loads at stations on North Fork Coeur d'Alene River at Enaville, Ninemile Creek, and Canyon Creek also were relatively low. Trace-metal loads were highest at the station at Coeur d'Alene River near Harrison. The mean annual total cadmium load was 3,400 kg/yr, the mean total lead load was 240,000 kg/yr, and the mean total zinc load was 510,000 kg/yr for 1999-2004. Trace-metal loads at the station at South Fork Coeur d'Alene River near Pinehurst and the three stations on the Spokane River downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake also were relatively high. Differences in metal loads, particularly lead, between stations upstream and downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake likely are due to trapping and retention of metals in lakebed sediments. LOADEST software was used to estimate loads for water years 1999-2001 for many of the same sites discussed in this report. Overall, results from this study and those from a previous study are in good agreement. Observed differences between the two studies are attributable to streamflow differences in the two regression models, 1999-2001 and 1999-2004. Flow-weighted concentrations (FWCs) calculated from the estimated loads for 1999-2004 were examined to aid interpretation of metal load estimates, which were influenced by large spatial and temporal variations in streamflow. FWCs of total cadmium ranged from 0.04 micrograms per liter (?g/L) at Enaville to 14 ?g/L at Ninemile Creek. Total lead FWCs were lowest at Long Lake (1.3 ?g/L) and highest at Ninemile Creek (120 ?g/L). Elevated total lead FWCs at Harrison confirmed that the high total lead loads at this station were not simply due to higher streamflow. Conversely, relatively low total lead loads combined with high total lead FWCs at Ninemile and Canyon Creeks reflected low streamflow but high concentrations of total lead. Very low total lead FWCs (1.3 to 2.7 ?g/L) at the stations downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake are a result both of deposition of lead-laden sediments in the lake and dilution by additional streamflow. Total zinc FWCs also demonstrated the effect of streamflow on load calculations, and highlighted source areas for zinc in the basin. Total zinc FWCs at Canyon and Ninemile Creeks, 1,600 ?g/L and 2,200 ?g/L, respectively, were by far the highest in the basin but contributed among the lowest total zinc loads due to their relatively low streamflow. Total zinc FWCs ranged from 38 to 67 ?g/L at stations downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake, but total zinc load estimates at these stations were relatively high because of high mean streamflow compared to other stations in the basin. Long-term regression models for 1991 to 2003 or 2004 were developed and annual trace-metal loads and FWCs were estimated for Pinehurst, Enaville, Harrison, and Post Falls to better understand the variability of metal loading with time. Long-term load estimates are similar to the results for 1999-2004 in terms of spatial distribution of metal loads throughout the basin. LOADEST results for 1991-2004 indicated that statistically significant downward temporal trends for dissolved and total cadmium, dissolved zinc,

Donato, Mary M.

2006-01-01

62

ASTE CO J = 3-2 SURVEY OF THE GALACTIC CENTER  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present high-resolution CO J = 3-2 maps of the Galactic center region, taken with the ASTE 10 m telescope. We have collected approximately 30,000 spectra with a 34'' grid spacing. The mapping area is roughly –1.08 05 and –0.08 09, which includes the central molecular zone and Bania's Clump 2, covering almost the full extent of the molecular gas concentration in the Galactic center. These CO J = 3-2 images show a behavior similar to the CO J = 1-0 images with the same resolution. Molecular gas in the Galactic center shows a higher J = 3-2/J = 1-0 intensity ratio (?0.7) than the gas in the spiral arms in the Galactic disk (?0.4). The CO J = 3-2/CO J = 1-0 luminosity ratio is 0.71. We see several regions with very high J = 3-2/J = 1-0 intensity ratios exceeding 1.5, including the Sgr A, l = +1.03, l = –0.04, and l = –1.02 regions. A number of small spots of high ratio gas are also found. Many of them have large velocity widths, indicating that they are spots of hot molecular gas shocked by unidentified supernovae and/or winds from massive stars.

63

78 FR 19298 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...most likely near the Snake River, WA. This notice is published...Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation; Confederated...Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Indian Reservation, Wyoming...Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation; Hoh Indian...

2013-03-29

64

A secondary-vertex trigger for a beauty search: results from the WA92 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this report we describe the trigger used in the WA92 fixed-target experiment at the CERN Omega spectrometer and give results on its performance during the 1992 and 1993 data-taking periods. ((orig.))

65

78 FR 78379 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA AGENCY: National Park...of Anthropology at Washington State University has completed an inventory of human...of Anthropology at Washington State University. If no additional requestors come...

2013-12-26

66

75 FR 81641 - Odessa Subarea Special Study; Adams, Franklin, Grant, and Lincoln Counties, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Reclamation [INT-DES 10-54] Odessa Subarea Special Study; Adams, Franklin, Grant, and Lincoln Counties, WA AGENCY: Bureau of Reclamation, Interior. ACTION: Notice for extension...

2010-12-28

67

76 FR 61378 - Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...1265-0000-10137-S3] Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA...assessment (EA) for Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge or NWR) in Clallam...Project Leader, Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, 715 Holgerson Road,...

2011-10-04

68

Concept and status of the WA-350 reprocessing plant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The concept of a nuclear back end fuel cycle center, which provided for the physical combination on the site of the repository of all facilities necessary for the required waste management steps, has given way, as a result of the decision of the heads of the Federal and State Governments, to the integrated waste management concept, a closed system for the interim storage of spent fuel, its reprocessing, fuel recycling, and the treatment and final storage of the wastes. Compared with the back end fuel cycle center, the present concept implies a reduction in the capacity of the reprocessing plant from 1400 te/a to a throughput of only 350 te/a. Permits have been applied for with respect to this WA-350 plant for one site each in Bavaria and Lower Saxony. The decision about a first partial construction permit is expected to be made in early 1985; first hot commissioning is planned for 1992. Major modifications over the earlier concept are the dry fuel element storage system of the present design, vitrification by the PAMELA process, and precipitation of the uranium-plutonium mixed oxide by the AUPuC process. Another modification, which is just as important, is the change in maintenance strategy, which will now adopt a remote handling modular concept in the high and medium level process sections. (orig.)

69

Monolithic electronics for the WA98 leadglass calorimeter  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A set of electronics have been constructed, installed and operated for the 10,800 element leadglass photon calorimeter that is part of CERN experiment WA98 studying photon production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions of 160.A GeV208Pb with targets of Ni, Nb and Pb. Two custom monolithic CMOS circuits were developed for this project. One chip includes 8 channels each of integrator, dual gain amplifier, fast amplifier, and CFD, as well as calibration circuits for amplitude and timing, threshold DACs, and current-mode trigger sum and discriminator. The second includes 16 channels of analog memory, 8 channels of TAC, a 24-channel Wilkinson 10 bit ADC, and buffers. The system is implemented as 72 144-channel circuit boards. Custom interface boards were also developed. A set of 26 model TMS320C40 digital signal processors is used to collect, zero-suppress and format the output data. Experience with data-taking using the 208Pb beam will be reported

70

Peculiarities occurrence and microstrip gas chambers studied through experiment WA97  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents the studies on development of a Monte-Carlo type generator used for inclusive production of odd baryons and antibaryons through proton- proton and proton- nucleus collisions. Experiment WA97 consisted in designing simulation software for MSGCs (Micro-strips Gas Chambers) as well as the redefining of particle paths with the help of these chambers. This work made it possible to design the MSGC detector for experiment WA97. (TEC). 71 refs., 88 figs

71

North Cascades, WA: The Collapse of a Continental Magmatic Arc  

Science.gov (United States)

The North Cascades metamorphic core represents an exhumed Cretaceous to Paleogene continental magmatic arc at the southern terminus of the Coast Plutonic Complex. The core is predominantly accreted oceanic and arc terranes variably metamorphosed at amphibolite to granulite facies and intruded by 96 to 45 Ma arc-related plutons. The region underwent Late Cretaceous contraction and crustal thickening, dextral transpression from 73 to 55 Ma, and finally transtension after 55 Ma. Geochronology, thermochronology, and detailed structural mapping reveal the Skagit Gneiss core of the North Cascades resembles a metamorphic core complex. Rapid rates of exhumation, abundant indicators of ductile lower crustal movement, bounding faults with oblique-normal slip histories, and roughly coeval adjacent basins are comparable to classic core complexes. The domal structure of the Skagit Gneiss, as well as its migmatite core and the high-grade meta- sediments it includes, also highlight its similarity to gneiss domes. East of the North Cascades, a belt of core complexes and gneiss domes including the Shuswap Complex, Southern BC, and the Okanogan-Kettle Complex, eastern WA, has received extensive study, but until now the Cascades themselves have not been considered as such. New U-Pb zircon dates from orthogneiss sheets and the youngest deformed arc plutons suggest protracted residence and ductile strain in the middle crust until ca 50 Ma, followed by rapid tectonic denudation and the subsidence of two proximal, in part contemporaneous continental basins. In order to accurately characterize the Skagit Gneiss complex, three E-W transects were chosen to represent the full spectrum of lithologies and chronologies. We are characterizing the nature and timing of strain and juxtaposition with higher structural levels in each. Precise dates of abundant air fall tuffs in the basins will constrain the time of basin initiation and subsidence rates, as well as calibrate the rich fossil record of continental flora and fauna. Collectively, these data will be integrated to develop and test tectonic models of arc magmatism and extensional collapse.

McLean, N. M.; Bowring, S. A.; Miller, R.; Whitney, D.; Gordon, S.

2006-12-01

72

WaViNed operational. Industrial cases Huntsman and De Pijp in the Netherlands; WaViNed operationeel; Industriele cases Huntsman en De Pijp  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Heat is by far the largest final energy carrier in the Netherlands. The working group 'Warmte' of the Platform Keten Efficiency has developed an approach based on which the use of primary energy in the Netherlands is substantially reduced by taking heat as a starting point, the WaViNed approach. This project was carried out to show that the WaViNed approach has an added value compared to existing approaches. Two cases are executed: one at Huntsman, a large chemical company, and one at a cluster of three companies. The results show that by applying the WaViNed approach much more energy efficiency projects can be found compared to the existing approach. Moreover, the overview over energy efficiency projects obtained from the WaViNed approach, makes it possible to arrange projects in such a way that lock-in situations can be avoided. [Dutch] Analyses van het energiegebruik in Nederland laten zien dat warmte verreweg de grootste energiedrager in het energiesysteem 'Nederland' is. Om de Nederlandse energiehuishouding te verduurzamen is een oplossing voor het warmtegebruik noodzakelijk. De werkgroep 'Warmte' van het transitie platform Ketenefficiency heeft een visie ontwikkeld op verduurzaming van de Nederlandse energiehuishouding die uitgaat van warmte, de 'WarmteVisie Nederland' of kortweg de WaViNed. De WaViNed richt zich op het verhogen van de energie-efficientie van Nederland door (a) te starten bij de functie, de energiedienst, die een energiedrager vervult. Vanwege het grote aandeel in de Nederlandse energiehuishouding is warmte leidend in de analyse; (b) een integrale benadering; en (c) verbeteropties te rangschikken naar hun bijdrage per geinvesteerde Euro ongeacht de aard van de verbeteroptie of degene die de investering doet. De redenering vanuit de functie via de conversie technologieen naar primaire energiedragers, dus tegen de energiestromen in, is concreet gemaakt aan de hand van een 8 stappenplan. Aan de hand van het stappenplan kan een willekeurig energiesysteem volgens de WaViNed filosofie worden geanalyseerd. Om te toetsen welke meerwaarde de WaViNed in de praktijk biedt is de WaViNed getoetst in een tweetal cases: 'De Pijp' en 'Huntsman'. De case De Pijp betreft een drietal bedrijven: Total Lubricants Plant, het Hoogheemraadschap Hollands Noorderkwartier met een rioolwater zuivering en slibdrooginstallatie en De Bazaar op het industrie gebied De Pijp in het IJmond gebied. De case Huntsman betreft een groot chemisch bedrijf in de Botlek. Door aan de hand van het stappen plan systematisch tegen de energiestromen in te redeneren worden meer energie efficiency projecten gevonden dan in eerdere energiestudies. Bovendien wordt de samenhang tussen verschillende energie efficiency projecten goed zichtbaar waardoor projecten kunnen worden gerangschikt zodanig dat 'lock in' wordt vermeden. Onder lock in wordt verstaan dat investeringen en gerealiseerde besparingen uit eerdere projecten teniet worden gedaan door latere projecten waardoor die projecten onaantrekkelijk worden en de energie efficiency verbetering stagneert. In totaal wordt 252 TJ/a aan primaire energie besparing gevonden waarvoor 9,8 miljoen euro aan investeringen nodig is. Indien dezelfde energiebesparing zou moeten worden gerealiseerd met de resultaten uit eerdere energie efficiency studies aangevuld met de goedkoopste duurzame opwekking, wind op land, is 18,1 miljoen euro aan investeringen nodig. Met de WaViNed wordt zodoende 8,3 miljoen euro op de investeringen bespaard.

Wemmers, A.K.; Sijpheer, N.C. [ECN Efficiency and Infrastructure, Petten (Netherlands); Varwijk, J. [Proces Design Centre PDC, Breda (Netherlands)

2011-02-15

73

Zero degree calorimeter for CERN WA-98 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Zero Degree Calorimeter (ZDC) used in WA-98 CERN experiment is described. The goal of the experiment is to study Pb-Pb interactions at the Pb beam energy of 157.7 · A GeV ? 32.8 TeV. ZDC is intended to measure the particle energy in the beam fragmentation region. ZDC consists of 35 identical modules arranging 7x5 matrix. The cross dimensions of the module are equal to 15x15 cm2. Each module contains 158 layers of Pb and scintillator tiles. The thickness of the Pb tile is 10 mm, that of the scintillator tile is 2.5 mm. The effective length of the module equals 9.4 ?int. The scintillator tiles are made of granulated polystyrene with p-terphenyl and POPOP as the dopants by moulding under high pressure method. The scintillator is also doped with special stabilizer to increase its radiation hardness. The Wave Length Shifters (WLS) are used for the light collection. The WLS are made of lucite with the surface painted with kumarin-7. The length of WLS is 2.3 m, its thickness is 3 mm. To compensate the light absorption the thickness of the painted layer is varying along the WLS. Using this method the equivalent light attenuation length is obtained equal to about 10 m. FEU-84-3 are used as the PMTs. They have individual remote controlled power supplies based on specially developed addressed DAC IC and Cocroft-Walton generator. ZDC is equipped with the LED and nitrogen laser monitoring systems and absolute amplitude calibration system based on 239Pu ?-source with the yttrium orthoaluminate crystal. Energy dependence of calorimeter resolution in the energy region 40 GeV through 32.8 TeV is described by the formula (47.6±1.1)%/?E[GeV]O+(1.94±0.20)%. The Measured value of the e/h ratio is equal to 1.02±0.01. 9 refs., 13 figs

74

On the effect of the degeneracy between w_0 and w_a  

CERN Document Server

We analytically derived two models which reduce to the familiar Chevallier-Polarski-Linder parametrization with w_a proportional to 1+w_0. The two models have only one free parameter w_0, which helps us eliminate the degeneracy among w_a, w_0 and \\Omega_{m0}, and makes the models automatically consistent with the \\Lambda CDM model. With these degeneracy relations, we test their effects on the constraints of cosmological parameters. We find that: (1) The degeneracy between w_0 and w_a for the two models is consistent with that found for the original Chevallier-Polarski-Linder model; (2) The degeneracies have little effect on \\Omega_{m0}; (3) The 1\\sigma error of \\Omega_{k0} was reduced about 25% with the degeneracy relations; (4) The 1\\sigma error of w_0 was reduced about one half with the degeneracy relations.

Gong, Yungui

2014-01-01

75

75 FR 53735 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on East Lake Sammamish Master Plan Trail in King County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Washington and ending at Bear Creek Trail in Redmond, Washington...State of Washington: East Lake Sammamish Trail along the east side of Lake Sammamish from Gilman...Issaquah, WA to Bear Creek Trail in Redmond, WA...S.C. 128]. 2. Land: Section 4(f) of...

2010-09-01

76

Ground-state phases of the frustrated spin-1/2 $J_{1}$--$J_{2}$--$J_{3}$ Heisenberg ferromagnet ($J_{1}<0$) on the honeycomb lattice with $J_{3}=J_{2}>0$  

OpenAIRE

We study the ground-state (gs) properties of the frustrated spin-1/2 $J_{1}$--$J_{2}$--$J_{3}$ Heisenberg model on a honeycomb lattice with ferromagnetic (FM) nearest-neighbor ($J_{1}=-1$) exchange and frustrating antiferromagnetic (AFM) next-nearest-neighbor ($J_{2}>0$) and next-next-nearest-neighbor ($J_{3}>0$) exchanges, for the case $J_{3}=J_{2}$. We use the coupled cluster method in high orders of approximation, complemented by the exact diagonalization of a lattice wit...

Li, P. H. Y.; Bishop, R. F.; Farnell, D. J. J.; Richter, J.; Campbell, C. E.

2011-01-01

77

AN EXTRAGALACTIC 12CO J = 3-2 SURVEY WITH THE HEINRICH HERTZ TELESCOPE  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present results of a 12CO J = 3-2 survey of 125 nearby galaxies obtained with the 10 m Heinrich Hertz Telescope, with the aim to characterize the properties of warm and dense molecular gas in a large variety of environments. With an angular resolution of 22'', 12CO 3-2 emission was detected in 114 targets. Based on 61 galaxies observed with equal beam sizes the 12CO 3-2/1-0 integrated line intensity ratio R31 is found to vary from 0.2 to 1.9, with an average value of 0.81. No correlations are found for R31 to Hubble-type and far-infrared luminosity. Possible indications for a correlation with inclination angle and the 60 ?m/100 ?m color temperature of the dust are not significant. Higher R31 ratios than in 'normal' galaxies, hinting at enhanced molecular excitation, may be found in galaxies hosting active galactic nuclei. Even higher average values are determined for galaxies with bars or starbursts, the latter being identified by the ratio of infrared luminosity versus isophotal area, log [(LFIR/Lsun)/(D 225/kpc2)] > 7.25. (U)LIRGs are found to have the highest averaged R31 value. This may be a consequence of particularly vigorous star formation activity, triggered by galaxy interaction and merger events. The nuclear CO luminosities are slightly sublinearly correlated with the global FIR luminosity in both the 12CO J = 3-osity in both the 12CO J = 3-2 and the 1-0 lines. The slope of the log-log plots rises with compactness of the respective galaxy sub-sample, indicating a higher average density and a larger fraction of thermalized gas in distant luminous galaxies. While linear or sublinear correlations for the 12CO J = 3-2 line can be explained, if the bulk of the observed J = 3-2 emission originates from the molecular gas with densities below the critical one, the case of the 12CO J = 1-0 line with its small critical density remains a puzzle.

78

Cardioprotection of Shenfu preparata on cardiac myocytes through cytochrome P450 2J3  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether Shenfu injection (SFI protects against cardiac myocyte injury induced by Fupian injection (FPI in vitro.METHODS: H9c2 cells were separately treated with FPI, Renshen injection (RSI and SFI. Cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH release, spontaneous beating rate of primative cardical cells, caspase-3/7 activity, cell apoptosis, and cytochrome P450 2J3 (CYP2J3 mRNA expression were analyzed.RESULTS: The viability of H9c2 cells treated with SFI (37 and 75 mg/mL was significantly higher than that of H9c2 cells treated with FPI (25 and 50 mg/mL (P<0.05, P<0.01, respectively. LDH activity of H9c2 cells treated with SFI (75 mg/mL was significantly decreased (P<0.01 compared with that of H9c2 cells treated with FPI (50 mg/mL. SFI (150 mg/mL significantly attenuated FPI (100 mg/mL-induced spontaneous beating rate decrease in primary myocardial cells after 4-hour treatment. Compared with FPI (12 and 25 mg/mL, SFI (18 and 37 mg/mL treatment could effectively reverse the change of caspase-3/7 activity (P<0.01 and P<0.01, respectively. Compared with FPI (6 and 25 mg/mL, apoptotic cells decreased signi?cantly (P<0.05, P<0.01, respectively when H9c2 cells were incubated with SFI (9 and 37 mg/mL. The expression of CYP2J3 mRNA was down-regulated by FPI, while RSI and SFI could up-regulate the expression of CYP2J3 (P<0.01, which suggested the potential mechanism of protection of RSI against cardiac myocyte damage induced by FPI treatment.CONCLUSION: These observations indicate that SFI has the potential to exert cardioprotective effects against FPI toxicity. The effect was possibly correlated with the activation of CYP2J3.

Yong Xiao

2013-09-01

79

46 CFR 7.140 - Cape Blanco, OR to Cape Flattery, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cape Blanco, OR to Cape Flattery, WA. 7.140 Section 7.140 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...PUBLIC BOUNDARY LINES Pacific Coast § 7.140 Cape Blanco, OR to Cape...

2010-10-01

80

77 FR 21866 - Safety Zone; Sunken Vessel, Puget Sound, Everett, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Sunken Vessel, Puget Sound, Everett, WA AGENCY...zone around the Vigor Marine Dry Dock, located in...are also available for inspection or copying at the Docket...Coast Guard Sector Puget Sound; Coast Guard; telephone...zone around the Vigor Marine Dry Dock in...

2012-04-12

81

77 FR 3111 - Safety Zone; Export Grain Terminal (EGT), Columbia River, Longview, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Consequently, it is impracticable for grain-shipment vessel arrival schedules to...exists for making this rule effective less than 30 days after publication in the...days after publication may mean that grain-shipment vessels will have arrived...the navigable channel and the Export Grain Terminal in Longview, WA. No person...governmental jurisdictions with......

2012-01-23

82

75 FR 35514 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Yakima County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Union Pacific Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Yakima County, WA Union...under 49 CFR 1152 Subpart F-Exempt Abandonments to abandon a 0.8-mile line of railroad...be premature for UP to consummate the abandonment while the trackage rights remain...

2010-06-22

83

CONTROL: the run control program used on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The criteria are described which have been used in the design of CONTROL, a program in the WA62 VAX Native mode data acquisition system which serves the triple purpose of driving a status display, an operator's console and a message reporter. (U.K.)

84

The Utility of the Lambert Function W[a exp(a - bt)] in Chemical Kinetics  

Science.gov (United States)

The mathematical Lambert function W[a exp(a - bt)] is used to find integrated rate laws for several examples, including simple enzyme and Lindemann-Christiansen-Hinshelwood (LCH) unimolecular decay kinetics. The results derived here for the well-known LCH mechanism as well as for a dimer-monomer reaction mechanism appear to be novel. A nonlinear…

Williams, Brian Wesley

2010-01-01

85

78 FR 9811 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...anchorages within the greater Puget Sound area. These areas are described...transit this portion of Puget Sound, the Strait of Juan de Fuca...The Coast Guard respects the First Amendment rights of protesters...Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA. (a)...

2013-02-12

86

76 FR 28073 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...of three individuals were removed from sites 45GR111 and 45GR121, Grant County, WA. The burials were excavated from three cairn marked talus burials in the Lower Grand Coulee/Sun Lakes region. The work was done in conjunction with an archeological...

2011-05-13

87

WASTE MINIMIZATION OPPORTUNITY ASSESSMENT: NAVAL UNDERSEA WARFARE ENGINEERING STATION - KEYPORT, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

This report describes the application of EPA's waste minimization assessment procedures to a torpedo maintenance facility at the Naval Undersea Warfare Engineering Station, Keyport, WA. he assessment focused on the Mark 48 shop and the Mark 46 shop. hese shops service the Mark 48...

88

WASTE MINIZATION OPPORTUNITY ASSESSMENT: NAVAL UNDERSEA WARFARE ENGINEERING STATION - KEYPORT, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

This report describes the application of EPA's waste minimization assessment procedures to a torpedo maintenance facility at the Naval Undersea Warfare Engineering Station, Keyport, WA. he assessment focused on the Mark 48 shop and the Mark 46 shop. hese shops service the Mark 48...

89

76 FR 1384 - Special Local Regulation; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Background and Purpose Tug boat races typically result in vessel...Harbor Days is an annual tug boat race in Budd Inlet, WA involving different classes of tug boat races. Each class of vessel...event sponsor and event sponsor patrol craft located at the...

2011-01-10

90

76 FR 30825 - Special Local Regulation; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Harbor Days tug boat races. Tug boat races typically result in vessel...Harbor Days is an annual tug boat race in Budd Inlet, WA involving different classes of tug boat races. Each class of vessel...event sponsor and event sponsor patrol craft located at the...

2011-05-27

91

75 FR 53572 - Safety Zone; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...during Olympia Harbor Days tug boat races. This safety zone is...during Olympia Harbor Days tug boat races. DATES: This rule is...Zone; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA...on VHF Ch 06, the on-scene patrol craft on VHF Ch 13 or Ch...

2010-09-01

92

Water Accounting Plus (WA+ – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Coping with water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links depletion to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper, we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+, which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use and landscape evapotranspiration on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. WA+ presents four sheets including (i a resource base sheet, (ii an evapotranspiration sheet, (iii a productivity sheet, and (iv a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarise the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g., climate change and internal influences (e.g., infrastructure building can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used to acquire a vast amount of required data but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

P. Karimi

2013-07-01

93

The Use of Wa’Dan in Islamic Contract FX Forward: Weighting between Maslahah and Mafsadah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Islamic foreign exchange forward contract widely use the principle of wa’d in order to fulfil the need of hedging. The contract is an alternative solution to conventional forward contract, whereby one party will promise to the other party to exchange currency at an agreed rate for a future date. The adaptation of wa’d (unilateral promise or wa’dan (two unilateral promise is seen as an exit mechanism or makharij to the impermissible conventional derivatives contract. Some opined that it is merely mimicking conventional products and labelling them as 'Islamic' in form alone. As a subsequence, it gives the same effect as conventional derivative contract and would create some economic problems. Hence, the objective of this paper is to examine the Islamic foreign exchange forward contract based on wa’dan in shariah perspectives, whether it will attain maslahah or mafsadah to the people. This study took the form of a qualitative study using the approach of content analysis method as a research design. Documents analysed in this study are al-Quran and some related maxims of jurisprudence. This study found that Islamic foreign exchange forward contract give some maslahah to the parties involved, including investors, financial institutions, corporate sectors, and Islamic economy at large. This is due to the urgent need of the Islamic economy to the Islamic hedging to solve the problem of price volatility in the market. Nevertheless, the adaptation of wa’dan principle in the Islamic foreign exchange forward contract would also lead to mafsadah as it would threaten the economy if the contract is misused for merely speculation purposes.

Azlin Alisa Ahmad

2014-10-01

94

Protein nutrient value of Agaricus bazei murrill mutant J3 induced by 60Co ?-irradiation in different generations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Protein nutritional values of Agaricus bazei Murrill mutant J3 and original strain J1 were compared by non-biological evaluation methods. The results showed that five protein indexes in the fruitbodies of M1 and M6 generations of Agaricus bazei Murrill mutant J3 were higher than that of original strain J1; four protein indexes in M4 and M5 generations were higher than that of original strain J1; and six protein indexes in M2 and M3 generations were higher than that of original strain J1. It was concluded that the protein nutritional values of Agaricus bazei Murrill mutant J3 was better than that of original strain J1. Except the ratio scores of amino acids had little change in the different generations, the other indexes in strain J3 Agaricus bazei Murrill showed that the heredity efficiencies of the proteins was rather stable. (authors)

95

D0 Silicon Upgrade: CTF Front End Crate J2/J3 Backplane Specification  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

GENERAL PHYSICAL LAYOUT: (1) The backplane is comprised of 2 identical sections, the upper half designated J1, and the lower half designated j3; (2) For each section, there are a total of 16 slots, designated 1 through 16, from left to right; (3) Odd numbered slots are left handed (Connectors to the left of the card), these slots utilize inverse DIN connectors; (4) Even numbered slots are right handed (Connectors to the right of the card), these slots utilize standard DIN connectors; (5) There are 2 60 pin daisy-chain headers associated with each section, 3M part number 3597-6003; (6) The headers associated with the J2 (upper) section are designated J2CHAINR and J2CHAINL; (7) The headers associated with the J3 (lower) section are designated J3CHAINL and J3CHAINR; and (8) Mechanical layout presented in drawing number 3823.113-MD-330045. TRIGGER SIGNALS: (1) There are 21 trigger signal which originate from a given slot and are routed to the slot immediately to the left and 21 trigger signals which originate from a given slot and are routed to the slot immediately to the right; (2) There are 21 trigger signals which originate from the slot immediately to the left of a given slot and 21 trigger signals which originate from the slot immediately to the right a given slot; (3) The signal are designated TRIGjk-n, when j is the source slot, k is the destination slot, and n is the signal number; (4) These signals shall be implemented as 100 ohm microstip above ground plane; and 100 ohm microstip above ground plane; and (5) No terminations. DC POWER: (1) Each slot is supplied with DC power on the connector pins designated as VCC and GND; (2) VCC and GND originates at rear of the backplane via press-in power terminals, their locations are shown in drawing number 3823.113-MD-330045; (3) Power shall be bypassed at 2 locations with a 10uF tantalum capacitor in parallel with a .01uF 100V ceramic capacitor; and (4) The total ampacity supplied by each DIN connector is 3.6 amps.

96

Wide field CO J = 3->2 mapping of the Serpens Cloud Core  

CERN Document Server

Context. Outflows provide indirect means to get an insight on diverse star formation associated phenomena. On scales of individual protostellar cores, outflows combined with intrinsic core properties can be used to study the mass accretion/ejection process of heavily embedded protostellar sources. Methods. An area comprising 460"x230" of the Serpens cloud core has been mapped in 12 CO J = 3\\to 2 with the HARP-B heterodyne array at the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope; J = 3\\to 2 observations are more sensitive tracers of hot outflow gas than lower J CO transitions; combined with the high sensitivity of the HARP-B receptors outflows are sharply outlined, enabling their association with individual protostellar cores. Results. Most of ~20 observed outflows are found to be associated with known protostellar sources in bipolar or unipolar configurations. All but two outflow/core pairs in our sample tend to have a projected orientation spanning roughly NW-SE. The overall momentum driven by outflows in Serpens lies bet...

Dionatos, O; Codella, C; Giannini, T

2010-01-01

97

Peculiarities occurrence and microstrip gas chambers studied through experiment WA97; La production d`etrangete et les chambres gazeuses a micropistes dans le cadre de l`experience WA97  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents the studies on development of a Monte-Carlo type generator used for inclusive production of odd baryons and antibaryons through proton- proton and proton- nucleus collisions. Experiment WA97 consisted in designing simulation software for MSGCs (Micro-strips Gas Chambers) as well as the redefining of particle paths with the help of these chambers. This work made it possible to design the MSGC detector for experiment WA97. (TEC). 71 refs., 88 figs.

Kachelhoffer, T.

1995-04-01

98

Wa Wa We Wa! / Siim Nestor  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Briti koomik Sacha Baron Cohen ja tema loodud peategelasega film "Borat - kultuurialased õppetunnid Ameerikast abiks suursuguse Kasahstani riigi ülesehitamisel", režissöör Larry Charles : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2006. Lisaks "Seigad Coheni elust"

Nestor, Siim, 1974-

2006-01-01

99

WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation: Analysis and applications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We introduce the concept of conformal spin gradation of the untwisted affine Lie superalgebra A-circumflex(n -1 modul n - 1)(1) to study the WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation. We show that the essential of A-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) may be read from the conformal spin gradation of the canonical vector basis of the SL(n modul n) vector representation space V2n and a spectral parameter ?. We give the generic formula of their conformal spin weights. Then, we set up the fundamentals of a manifestly N = 2 U(1) Lax formalism leading to a manifestly N = 2 WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation. Its explicit form is obtained and is shown to have a similar structure as in the N = 0 case. Both N = 0 WA-circumflex(n - 1)(1) and N = 2 WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformations involve (n - 1) N = 0 and N = 2 conserved currents with integer conformal spins. The leading cases are discussed. Using the U(1) charge of the N = 2 algebra, we develop also a new method of constructing N = 2 superfield realizations of the N = 2 higher spin supercurrents. Among other results, we find that in general there are three series of (n - 1) higher conformal spin N = 2 supercurrents. The usual N = 2 super W currents are the only hermitian ones. At the n = 3 level, we find a new Feigin Fuchs type extension of the conformal spin one N = 2 supercurrent. Such a feature, which has no analogue at the n = 2 level, is also present for n>3. Finally, we give the N = 2 superfield formulation of the N = 2 Boussinesq equation and its generalization involving complex N = 2 supercurrents. (author). 27 refs

100

First results from the 1994 lead beam run of WA97  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

WA97 is designed to study strange and multi-strange baryon and anti-baryon production in 160 A GeV/c Pb-Pb collisions at the SPS with a telescope of silicon microdetectors. Four planes of silicon pixel detectors were successfully employed during the 1994 Pb run. A total of 60M central Pb-Pb events were collected. We describe the experimental setup and report on some preliminary results from the off-line analysis. (orig.)

101

Relativistic ab initio calculations of the P-odd interaction constant W_A in diatomic molecules  

CERN Document Server

We present ab initio calculations of the W_A parameter of the P-odd spin-rotational Hamiltonian for a variety of diatomic molecules, including group-2 and -12 halides. The results were obtained by the relativistic Dirac-Hartree-Fock approach and corrected for electron correlation. Strong enhancement of the W_A parameter is found for the group-12 diatomic halides, which will be helpful in future determination of the nuclear anapole moment from rotational hyperfine measurements.

Borschevsky, A; Dzuba, V A; Beloy, K; Flambaum, V V; Schwerdtfeger, P

2012-01-01

102

Malaria treatment-seeking behaviour and related factors of Wa ethnic minority in Myanmar: a cross-sectional study  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background In Southeast Asia, data on malaria treatment-seeking behaviours and related affecting factors are rare. The population of the Wa ethnic in Myanmar has difficulty in accessing formal health care. To understand malaria treatment-seeking behaviour and household-affecting factors of the Wa people, a cross-sectional study carried out in Shan Special Region II, Myanmar. Methods The two methods, questionnaire-based household surveys to household heads and in-depth interviews to k...

Xu Jian-Wei; Xu Qi-Zhang; Liu Hui; Zeng Yi-Rou

2012-01-01

103

WA1ms: A ?2.61 Ga muscovite standard for 40Ar/39Ar dating  

Science.gov (United States)

The 40Ar/39Ar dating technique requires the use of neutron fluence monitors (standards) to allow calculation of the age of a sample. Precise calibration of these standards is crucial to obtaining accurate ages and decreasing the uncertainties associated with 40Ar/39Ar dates. Few fully intercalibrated 40Ar/39Ar standards with a sufficient total fusion grain-to-grain reproducibility are currently in use in the argon community. For Precambrian samples, only Hb3gr hornblende (?1.08 Ga) yields sufficient grain-to-grain reproducibility and has an appropriate age for acceptable argon isotopic ratio measurements. Here, we present chemical and intercalibration results for a new ?2.61 Ga standard. WA1ms is a muscovite extracted from an Archaean shear zone in the Lake Johnston greenstone belt, Western Australia. In situ trace element analysis by ELA-ICPMS revealed consistent K contents, subtle zonation and intra-grain and grain-to-grain heterogeneities in Rb, Sr, Ti, and Fe but a lack of mineral inclusions.WA1ms has been investigated over 3 irradiations ranging from 25 to 40 h, in two reactors, with several disc positions and three grains sizes and has been calibrated against FCs and GA1550, and Hb3gr. Overall, we carried out 48 total fusion and 4 step-heating experiments of WA1ms crystals. Flat age spectra and average F-value (40Ar?/39ArK) relative standard deviations ranging from of 0.43% to 0.60% (P = 0.15-0.83) for 47/48 analyses demonstrate the reproducibility of WA1ms and its suitability as a reliable 40Ar/39Ar standard. We calculated R[WA1ms/FCs] = 205.59 ± 0.25, R[WA1ms/GA1550] = 57.25 ± 0.06 and R[WA1ms/Hb3gr] = 3.9713 ± 0.014 (all with P > 0.14) allowing direct comparison between WA1ms and any standards in used in the community, provided that they have been calibrated against any of the three standards used in the calibration and regardless of the age adopted for each of these standards. The recently revised decay constant values and standard ages proposed by Renne et al. (2011) yield a weighted mean age of 2614.2 ± 1.5 Ma (±0.055%; P = 0.8; 1?) for WA1ms against the three standards. When calibrated solely against FCs in order to minimize correlated errors between FCs vs. GA1550 and Hb3gr, we calculate a preferred age of 2613.0 ± 2.4 Ma (±0.09%) which is recommended when using this standard. Additionally, this corresponds to a 40Ar?/40K value of (0.3375 ± 0.0057) × 10-1 for WA1ms, which is independent of the value of the decay constant used for calculation and allows recalculation of the age of WA1ms for any preferred set of decay constants and standard ages. Using the constants proposed by Steiger and Jäger (1977) directly calculated from the three R-values, yields an age of 2598.2 ± 3.5 Ma corresponding to an identical, although less precise 40Ar?/40K value of (0.3375 ± 0.0086) × 10-1. Benefits of this standard include: (1) an increased relative precision per crystal analyzed relative to other standards for Proterozoic and Archaean samples, (2) no post-irradiation waiting time due to the absence of Ca (no need to wait for 37ArCa decay), and (3) loading of standard grains that are optically different from the unknown (e.g., pyroxene or hornblende) to avoid standard-unknown mixing. WA1ms is freely available to the 40Ar/39Ar community.

Jourdan, Fred; Frew, Adam; Joly, Aurore; Mayers, Celia; Evans, Noreen J.

2014-09-01

104

Spiral correlations in frustrated one-dimensional spin-1/2 Heisenberg J1-J2-J3 ferromagnets.  

Science.gov (United States)

We use the coupled cluster method for infinite chains complemented by exact diagonalization of finite periodic chains to discuss the influence of a third-neighbor exchange J(3) on the ground state of the spin-½ Heisenberg chain with ferromagnetic nearest-neighbor interaction J(1) and frustrating antiferromagnetic next-nearest-neighbor interaction J(2). A third-neighbor exchange J(3) might be relevant to describe the magnetic properties of the quasi-one-dimensional edge-shared cuprates, such as LiVCuO(4) or LiCu(2)O(2). In particular, we calculate the critical point J(2)(c) as a function of J(3), where the ferromagnetic ground state gives way for a ground state with incommensurate spiral correlations. For antiferromagnetic J(3) the ferro-spiral transition is always continuous and the critical values J(2)(c) of the classical and the quantum model coincide. On the other hand, for ferromagnetic J3 is < or approximately equal to -(0.01...0.02)|J1|. the critical value J(2)(c) of the quantum model is smaller than that of the classical model. Moreover, the transition becomes discontinuous, i.e. the model exhibits a quantum tricritical point. We also calculate the height of the jump of the spiral pitch angle at the discontinuous ferro-spiral transition. PMID:21403358

Zinke, R; Richter, J; Drechsler, S-L

2010-11-10

105

Nuclear group constant set FUSION-J3 for fusion reactor nuclear calculations based on JENDL-3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Based on evaluated nuclear data file JENDL-3, published in April 1990, we produced a nuclear group constant set 'FUSION-J3' for fusion reactor nuclear calculation by ANISN code instead of GICX40 produced in 1977. The set FUSION-J3 is the coupled group constant set with neutron 125 and gamma-ray 40 group structure, and has the maximum order of 5 as Legendre expansion in scattering cross section. Forty nuclides included in FUSION-J3 can be used in fusion reactor nuclear calculations. Considering mobility in two-dimensional calculations and fixed group structure in induced activity calculation code system as the GICX40 structure, we composed also FUSION-40 group constant set with neutron 42 group and gamma-ray 21 group structure. The set FUSION-40 includes the same maximum order of the Legendre expansion and the same nuclides as FUSION-J3. From the results in experimental analysis and benchmark calculations, it became proved that JENDL-3 is at higher level of accuracy than ENDF/B-IV and -V. The set FUSION-J3 can be clear applicable to fusion reactor nuclear calculations. (author)

106

Mechanism of Al-Wa’Ad (Promise: Teory and Application in Islamic Banking in Malaysia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Contract according to Syariah Law can be defined as being “an expression of the matching between a positive proposal made by one of the contractors and the acceptance of the other contractor in a way which has an impact on the subject of the contract” . There are standard requirements provides by the law in order to constitute a valid binding contract namely offer, acceptance, consideration, and intention to create legal relation. This requirement is more or less the same with the Islamic ‘aqad’ however it comes together with the package the prohibition of any element of uncertainty, interest, etc to make sure it complies with the syariah standard. Most of the conventional contract has ignored few aspects of the Islamic contract such as non-spot in the exchange of ribawi item, unjustified increase of premium, and conditional aqad which are totally prohibited. Therefore Islamic Banking in Malaysia has put strong effort to curb these problems and provides a way out by introducing many syariah compliance products and concepts and one of them is al- wa’ad which is the main concern on this article. As a result, by doing this research, it can help people to discover how far the concept of al-wa’ad had been applied in Islamic Banking in Malaysia by comparing its application among few banks including Islamic Bank as well as conventional banks with Islamic Banking window.
Key words: Al-Wa’ad (promise; Islamic Banking; Teory and application; Islamic transaction

Résumé: Contrat selon la syariah peut être définie comme étant «une expression de l'adéquation entre une proposition positive faite par l'un des contractants et l'acceptation de l'autre contractant d'une manière qui a une incidence sur l'objet du contrat». Il ya des exigences standard fournit par la loi afin de constituer un contrat valable à savoir offre, l'acceptation, la considération, et l'intention de créer des relations juridiques. Cette exigence est plus ou moins la même chose avec l'Organisation islamique pour «AQAD 'quoi qu'il arrive avec le paquet de l'interdiction de tout élément d'incertitude, intérêts, etc pour s'assurer qu'elle est conforme à la norme de la charia. La plupart du contrat conventionnel a ignoré quelques aspects du contrat islamique comme la non-lieu dans l'échange de point ribawi, l'augmentation injustifiée de la prime, et AQAD conditionnel, qui sont totalement interdites. Par conséquent, les banques islamiques en Malaisie a mis effort sérieux pour mettre fin à ces problèmes et fournit un moyen de sortir par l'introduction de nombreux produits de la charia et le respect des concepts et l'un d'eux est Al-Wa'ad qui est la principale préoccupation de cet article. En conséquence, en effectuant cette recherche, il peut aider les gens à découvrir dans quelle mesure la notion d'al-Wa'ad avait été appliquée dans les banques islamiques en Malaisie, en comparant son application entre quelques banques dont la Banque islamique ainsi que les banques classiques.
Mots-Clés: AL-Wa'ad (promesse; baques islamiques, théorie et applications, transaction islamique

Nor Adila bt. Mohd Noor

2010-03-01

107

Development of the fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2R based on the JENDL-3.2  

CERN Document Server

It is reported that the fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2 based on the newest evaluated nuclear data library JENDL3.2 has a serious error in the process of applying the weighting function. As the error affects greatly nuclear characteristics, and a corrected version of the reactor constant set, JFS-3-J3.2R, was developed, as well as lumped FP cross sections. The use of JFS-3-J3.2R improves the results of analyses especially on sample Doppler reactivity and reaction rate in the blanket region in comparison with those obtained using the JFS-3-J3.2.

Chiba, G

2002-01-01

108

Wide field CO J = 3¿2 mapping of the Serpens Cloud Core  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Context. Outflows provide indirect means to get an insight on diverse star formation associated phenomena. On scales of individual protostellar cores, outflows combined with intrinsic core properties can be used to study the mass accretion/ejection process of heavily embedded protostellar sources. Aims. The main objective of the paper is to study the overall outflow distribution and association with the young population of the Serpens Core cluster. In addition, the paper addresses the correlation of the outflow momentum flux with the bolometric luminosity of their driving sources using this homogeneous dataset for a single star forming site. Methods. An area comprising 460''×230'' of the Serpens cloud core has been mapped in 12CO J = 3¿2 with the HARP-B heterodyne array at the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope; J = 3¿2 observations are more sensitive tracers of hot outflow gas than lower J CO transitions; combined with the high sensitivity of the HARP-B receptors outflows are sharply outlined, enabling their association with individual protostellar cores. Results. Most of ~20 observed outflows are found to be associated with known protostellar sources in bipolar or unipolar config- urations. All but two outflow/core pairs in our sample tend to have a projected orientation spanning roughly NW-SE. The overall momentum driven by outflows in Serpens lies between 3.2 and 5.1 × 10-1 M¿km s-1, the kinetic energy from 4.3 to 6.7 × 1043 erg and momentum flux is between 2.8 and 4.4 × 10-4 M¿ km s-1 yr-1. Bolometric luminosities of protostellar cores based on Spitzer photometry are found up to an order of magnitude lower than previous estimations derived with IRAS/ISO data. Conclusions. We confirm the validity of the existing correlations between the momentum flux and bolometric luminosity of Class I sources for the homogenous sample of Serpens, though we suggest that they should be revised by a shift to lower luminosities. All protostars classified as Class 0 sources stand well above the known Class I correlations, indicating a decline in momentum flux between the two classes.

Dionatos, Odyssefs; Nisini, Brunella

2010-01-01

109

State of project and conceptual design work on the WA-350 reprocessing facility  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Within the integrated waste management concept, according to decisions made by government heads of the Federal Government and of the States, construction and operation of a 350-t-U-reprocessing plant is urgently necessary for the maintaining and for further development of the reprocessing technology. Provided that the construction of a WA 350 can be begun in the year 1984, this plant might make its contribution to meet the energy demand from 1993 on. The plant concept, the safety-technical design of the plant and the time table of its construction are explained. (orig./RB)

110

The data access infrastructure of the Wadden Sea Long Term Ecosystem Research (WaLTER) project  

Science.gov (United States)

The Wadden Sea, North of The Netherlands, Germany and Danmark, is one of the most important tidal areas in the world. In 2009, the Wadden Sea was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage list. The area is noted for its ecological diversity and value, being a stopover for large numbers of migrating birds. The Wadden Sea is also used intensively for economic activities by inhabitants of the surrounding coasts and islands, as well as by the many tourists visiting the area every year. A whole series of monitoring programmes is carried out by a range of governmental bodies and institutes to study the natural processes occuring in the Wadden Sea ecosystems as well as the influence of human activities on those ecosystems. Yet, the monitoring programmes are scattered and it is difficult to get an overview of those monitoring activities or to get access to the data resulting from those monitoring programmes. The Wadden Sea Long Term Ecosystem Research (WaLTER) project aims to: 1. To provide a base set of consistent, standardized, long-term data on changes in the Wadden Sea ecological and socio-economic system in order to model and understand interrelationships with human use, climate variation and possible other drivers. 2. To provide a research infrastructure, open access to commonly shared databases, educational facilities and one or more field sites in which experimental, innovative and process-driven research can be carried out. This presentation will introduce the WaLTER-project and explain the rationale for this project. The presentation will focus on the data access infrastructure which will be used for WaLTER. This infrastructure is part of the existing and operational infrastructure of the National Oceanographic Data Committee (NODC) in the Netherlands. The NODC forms the Dutch node in the European SeaDataNet consortium, which has built an European, distributed data access infrastructure. WaLTER, NODC and SeaDataNet all use the same technology, developed within the SeaDataNet-project, resulting in a high level of standardization across Europe. Benefits and pitfalls of using this infrastructure will be addressed.

De Bruin, T.

2011-12-01

111

The in vitro metabolism of Eulan WA New by liver homogenates from freshwater fish.  

Science.gov (United States)

The rate of formation of pentachloro-2-aminodiphenylether (5-PAD) from pentachloro-2-(chloromethylsulphonamido) diphenylether (6-PCSD) by goldfish liver homogenates was studied in a variety of buffers. The highest rate was observed when the homogenate was prepared and assayed in phosphate buffer containing dithiothreitol. The 5-PAD forming activity of liver homogenate preparations from a variety of freshwater fish (goldfish, carp, pike, rainbow trout, perch and eel) showed contrasting species differences. These results could be correlated with information available on the toxicity of the mothproofing agent Eulan WA New (which contains PCSDs) to these fish. PMID:2873942

Machon, A; North, M J; Price, N C; Wells, D E

1986-01-01

112

Land cover dynamics in Wa Municipality, Upper West Region of Ghana  

OpenAIRE

Land cover change is pervasive in urban areas and can destabilise the ecosystem with negative consequences. To manage land effectively and to protect its cover, there is the need for a reliable inventory. GIS and remote sensing technology has become a standard in producing land cover maps worldwide. Therefore, in this study GIS and remote sensing was used to map the land cover of Wa Municipality of the Upper West Region of Ghana. Two Landsat 5 images of 1986 and 2011 were used. The images wer...

Aduah, M. S.; Aabeyir, R.

2012-01-01

113

Wa-LiD: A new LiDAR simulator for waters  

OpenAIRE

A simulator (Wa-LiD) was developed to simulate the reflection of LiDAR waveforms from water across visible wavelengths. The specific features of the simulator include (i) a geometrical representation of the water surface properties, (ii) the use of laws of radiative transfer in water adjusted for wavelength and the water’s physical properties, and (iii) modelling of detection noise and signal level due to solar radiation. A set of simulated waveforms was compared with observed LiDAR wav...

Abdallah, H.; Baghdadi, N.; Bailly, J. S.; Pastol, Y.; Fabre, F.

2012-01-01

114

Observation of Cd 4d95s25p J=3 autoionizing levels in (e,2e) energy spectra  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cadmium (e,2e) energy spectra have been measured for kinematics corresponding to a momentum transfer of 1 a.u. Two previously unknown cadmium autoinizing levels have been observed. Their energies are in excellent agreement with existing ab initio structure calculations of the 4d95s25p J=3 levels. One level is easily seen at an ejected-electron direction along the momentum-transfer axis, but is absent for a direction 39 degree away from this axis. The opposite is true for the other level; it is absent in the former, but present in the latter case. This behavior is in agreement with a calculation that takes into account that the J=3 levels can autoionize into both singlet and triplet 5sEf continua. The intensity of the new levels, relative to the well-known 4d95s25p J=1 levels, agrees well with a plane-wave Born approximation calculation for the J=3 levels. The third 4d95s25p J=3 level is calculated to lie within the broad 4d95s25p 1P1 level and cannot be seen in the present experiments. copyright 1998 The American Physical Society

115

CYP2J3 Gene Delivery Reduces Insulin Resistance via Upregulation of eNOS in Fructose-treated Rats  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Accumulating evidence suggests that cytochrome P450 (CYP epoxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid into epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs which play important roles in various pathophysiological processes. Interestingly, CYP-derived eicosanoids are vasodilatory, at least in part through their ability to activate eNOS and subsequent NO release. This study investigated the roles of eNOS in CYP2J3 gene delivery reducing blood pressure and improving insulin resistance in fructose-treated rats. CYP2J3 overexpression in vivo increased EET generation, reduced blood pressure and reversed insulin resistance as determined by insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR. Furthermore, administration of eNOS inhibitor L-NMMA significantly and partially abolished the beneficial effects of CYP2J3 gene delivery on hypertension and insulin resistance induced by fructose intake, and possible mechanism is associated with increased ET-1, ETA-receptor mRNA expression and reduced sensitivity of insulin to peripheral tissues and organs characterized by reduced activity of IRS-1/PI3K/AKT and AMPK signalling pathways. These data provide direct evidence that CYP2J3-derived EETs may alleviate insulin resistance at least in part through upregulated eNOS expression.

Xu Xizhen

2011-12-01

116

A CO J=3-2 map of M51 with HARP-B: Radial properties of the spiral structure  

CERN Document Server

We present the first complete CO J=3-2 map of the nearby grand-design spiral galaxy M51 (NGC 5194), at a spatial resolution of ~600 pc, obtained with the HARP-B instrument on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. The map covers the entire optical galaxy disk and out to the companion NGC 5195, with CO J=3-2 emission detected over an area of ~9'x6' (~21x14 kpc). We describe the CO J=3-2 integrated intensity map and combine our results with maps of CO J=2-1, CO J=1-0 and other data from the literature to investigate the variation of the molecular gas, atomic gas and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) properties of M51 as a function of distance along the spiral structure on sub-kpc scales. We find that for the CO J=3-2 and CO J=2-1 transitions there is a clear difference between the variation of arm and inter-arm emission with galactocentric radius, with the inter-arm emission relatively constant with radius and the contrast between arm and inter-arm emission decreasing with radius. For CO J=1-0 and HI the variat...

Vlahakis, C; Israel, F P; Tilanus, R P J

2013-01-01

117

An Extragalactic 12CO J=3-2 survey with the Heinrich-Hertz-Telescope  

CERN Document Server

We present results of a ^{12}CO J = 3-2 survey of 125 nearby galaxies obtained with the 10-m Heinrich-Hertz-Telescope, with the aim to characterize the properties of warm and dense molecular gas in a large variety of environments. With an angular resolution of 22'', ^{12}CO 3-2 emission was detected in 114 targets. Based on 61 galaxies observed with equal beam sizes the ^{12}CO 3-2/1-0 integrated line intensity ratio R_{31} is found to vary from 0.2 to 1.9, with an average value of 0.81. No correlations are found for R_{31} to Hubble type and far infrared luminosity. Possible indications for a correlation with inclination angle and the 60mum/100mum color temperature of the dust are not significant. Higher R_{31} ratios than in ``normal'' galaxies, hinting at enhanced molecular excitation, may be found in galaxies hosting active galactic nuclei. Even higher average values are determined for galaxies with bars or starbursts, the latter being identified by the ratio of infrared luminosity versus isophotal area, ...

Mao, Rui-Qing; Henkel, Christian; Mauersberger, Rainer; Muders, Dirk; Dihn-V-Trung,

2010-01-01

118

Gas and dust in NGC 7469 sub-mm imaging and CO J=3-2  

CERN Document Server

We present sensitive sub-mm imaging of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 7469 at 850$\\mu $m and 450 $\\mu $m with the Submillimetre Common User Bolometer Array(SCUBA) on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) and ^{12}CO J=3-2 lineobservations of its central starbursting region. The global dust spectrum, asconstrained by the new set of sub-mm data and available 1.30 mm and IRAS 100$\\mu $m, 60 $\\mu $m data reveals a dominant warm dust component with atemperature of $\\rm T_{\\rm d} \\sim 35$ K and a global molecular gas-to-dustratio $\\rm M(H_2)/M_{\\rm d}\\sim 600$. Such high values are typical forIR-bright spirals and in order to reconcile them with the significantly lowerratio of ~ 100 obtained for the Milky Way a cold dust reservoir, inconspicuousat FIR wavelengths, is usually postulated. We present evidence that, ratherthan unaccounted cold dust mass, this high ratio suggests an overestimate of$\\rm M(H_2)$ from its associated ^{12}CO J=1-0 line luminosity by a factor of ~5 when a Milky Way value for this conversion is ...

Allen, P P; Allen, Padeli P.; Papadopoulos, Michael L.

2000-01-01

119

76 FR 52003 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Section 811 Supportive Housing for Persons With...  

Science.gov (United States)

...10 Kansas Wichita, KS Mental Health Association of...Number of units: 23 North Carolina Lincolnton...PA Family Services of Western PA Capital Advance...South Carolina Cayce, SC Mental Health America of South...Spokane, WA Spokane Mental Health Coordinating...

2011-08-19

120

Flow analysis with WaSiM-ETH – model parameter sensitivity at different scales  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available WaSiM-ETH (Gurtz et al., 2001, a widely used water balance simulation model, is tested for its suitability to serve for flow analysis in the context of rainfall runoff modelling and flood forecasting. In this paper, special focus is on the resolution of the process domain in space as well as in time. We try to couple model runs with different calculation time steps in order to reduce the effort arising from calculating the whole flow hydrograph at the hourly time step. We aim at modelling on the daily time step for water balance purposes, switching to the hourly time step whenever high-resolution information is necessary (flood forecasting. WaSiM-ETH is used at different grid resolutions, thus we try to become clear about being able to transfer the model in spatial resolution. We further use two different approaches for the overland flow time calculation within the sub-basins of the test watershed to gain insights about the process dynamics portrayed by the model. Our findings indicate that the model is very sensitive to time and space resolution and cannot be transferred across scales without recalibration.

J. Cullmann

2006-01-01

121

Land cover dynamics in Wa Municipality, Upper West Region of Ghana  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Land cover change is pervasive in urban areas and can destabilise the ecosystem with negative consequences. To manage land effectively and to protect its cover, there is the need for a reliable inventory. GIS and remote sensing technology has become a standard in producing land cover maps worldwide. Therefore, in this study GIS and remote sensing was used to map the land cover of Wa Municipality of the Upper West Region of Ghana. Two Landsat 5 images of 1986 and 2011 were used. The images were pre-processed, subset to the study area and classified using the maximum likelihood classification algorithm. The map accuracies for the classes of interest; built-up, bare land and vegetation were not less than 70%. The land cover maps generated indicated that built-up area has increased by 34% whiles total size of bare land has increased by 47% from 1986 to 2011.These increases have reduced the total area of vegetated land by 10%. Therefore, if the current rate of degradation is not controlled, biodiversity of Wa and its surrounding areas would be lost in the near future. Also the degradation can intensify floods and droughts and other effects of climate change. The current study has demonstrated the effectiveness of GIS and remote sensing in studying environmental changes taking place in semi-arid regions. The application of remote sensing technologies should be intensified especially in the developing world to continue to provide vital data needed to manage the environment in a sustainable manner.

M.S. Aduah

2012-06-01

122

Assessment of encroachment of urban streams in Ghana: a case study of Wa Municipality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper assessed encroachment of streams due to physical development in Wa Urban Area of the Upper West Region of Ghana. The assessment was informed by the recognition that the roles played by streams in flood control are undermined by physical developments. This affects sustainable urban development and renders the urban area vulnerable to floods. The assessment was based on the 300m buffer zone standard set by the Ghana Water Resources Commission as a protective zone for such streams in the country. It is mandatory to offset all physical development from this zone but that is not the situation on the ground. For the purpose of this study each buffer zone was divided into sub-buffer zones of 100m in order to appreciate how far development has moved into the prohibited buffer zone. The streams and physical structures were mapped with a Trimble GPS receiver while land owners and tenants were purposively selected and interviewed. The buffer zone and sub-buffer zones were defined using GIS and overlaid with map of the physical structures. The categories of structures found in the buffer zones were residential (93.4 %, commercial (5.1%, public (1.3% and agriculture (0.2%. The results of the study indicates that more than 50 % of physical structures mapped are located in the inner buffer and the land acquisition process for development of these structures amongst others in Wa is mostly initiated by developers.

Raymond Aabeyir

2014-02-01

123

Strong decays of ?{sub cJ}(2P) and ?{sub cJ}(3P)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the framework of the chiral quark model, the mass spectrum of ?{sub cJ}(J = 0, 1, 2, n = 1, 2, 3) is studied with the Gaussian expansion method. Using the wave functions obtained in the study of mass spectrum, the open charm two-body strong decay widths of these states are calculated by using the {sup 3}P{sub 0} model. The results show that the masses of ?{sub cJ}(1P) and ?{sub c2}(2P) are consistent with the experimental data. But the strong decay width of ?{sub c2}(2P) is three times that of the experimental value. The decay width of ?{sub c1}(2P) is sensitive to its mass. In the quark-antiquark picture, the width is about 385 MeV. However, if the channel coupling effects shift its mass to 3872 MeV, its decay width will be around 1 MeV. The possibility of assigning the state X(3872) as ?{sub c1}(2P) cannot be excluded. To assign X(3915) as ?{sub c0}(2P) is disfavored, due to the unmatching of decay channel. For the ?{sub cJ}(3P) states, no states have been assigned. The possible candidates of ?{sub c0}(3P) are X(4160) and X(4140). Their masses are close to the theoretical ones. The experimental branching ratio of X(4160), ? (X(4160) ? D anti D)/? (X(4160) ? D* anti D*) < 0.09 is compatible with that of ?{sub c0}(3P), 0.07. However the broad decay width of X(4160) cannot be explained by the open charm two-body decay. To assign X(4140) as ?{sub c0}(3P) is also possible, due to the compatibility of the total decay width, the further measurement of decay modes of X(4140) are expected to justify the assignment. (orig.)

Wang, Hui; Ping, Jialun [Nanjing Normal University and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Numerical Simulation of Large Scale Complex Systems, Department of Physics, Nanjing (China); Yang, Youchang [Zunyi Normal College, Department of Physics, Zunyi (China)

2014-04-15

124

Strong decays of ?cJ(2P) and ?cJ(3P)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the framework of the chiral quark model, the mass spectrum of ?cJ(J = 0, 1, 2, n = 1, 2, 3) is studied with the Gaussian expansion method. Using the wave functions obtained in the study of mass spectrum, the open charm two-body strong decay widths of these states are calculated by using the 3P0 model. The results show that the masses of ?cJ(1P) and ?c2(2P) are consistent with the experimental data. But the strong decay width of ?c2(2P) is three times that of the experimental value. The decay width of ?c1(2P) is sensitive to its mass. In the quark-antiquark picture, the width is about 385 MeV. However, if the channel coupling effects shift its mass to 3872 MeV, its decay width will be around 1 MeV. The possibility of assigning the state X(3872) as ?c1(2P) cannot be excluded. To assign X(3915) as ?c0(2P) is disfavored, due to the unmatching of decay channel. For the ?cJ(3P) states, no states have been assigned. The possible candidates of ?c0(3P) are X(4160) and X(4140). Their masses are close to the theoretical ones. The experimental branching ratio of X(4160), ? (X(4160) ? D anti D)/? (X(4160) ? D* anti D*) c0(3P), 0.07. However the broad decay width of X(4160) cannot be explained by the open charm two-body decay. To assign X(4140) as ?c0(3P) is also possible, due to the compatibility of the total decay width, the further measurement of decay modes of X(4140) are expected to justify the assignment. (orig.)

125

IgE reactivity to a Cry j 3, an allergen of Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) pollen in dogs with canine atopic dermatitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigated IgE reactivity to a new Cryptomeria japonica pollen allergen (Cry j 3) in dogs with atopic dermatitis by using a fluorometric ELISA. Serum samples from 15 dogs that showed IgE sensitivity to crude C. japonica pollen allergen by ELISA were tested for specific IgE to each allergen, individually. All 15 dogs had anti-Cry j 1 IgE, 6 (40%) had anti-Cry j 2 IgE, and 11 (73%) had anti-Cry j 3 IgE. Further, we found that these anti-Cry j 3 IgE reacted to Cry j 3 with immunoblotting analysis. These findings indicate that Cry j 3 may be a major allergen in dogs. PMID:22749702

Kubota, Shota; Miyaji, Kazuki; Shimo, Yusaku; Shimakura, Hidekatsu; Takase, Yukari; Okamoto, Noriaki; Kiuchi, Akio; Fujimura, Masato; Fujimura, Takashi; DeBoer, Douglas J; Tsukui, Toshihiro; Sakaguchi, Masahiro

2012-09-15

126

FSXLIB-J3R2 : A continuous energy cross section library for MCNP based on JENDL-3.2  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The continuous energy cross section library for the Monte Carlo transport code MCNP, FSXLIB-J3R2, has been generated from the latest version of Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library Version 3 Revision 2 (JENDL-3.2) released in June, 1994. The nuclear data processing system, NJOY, and the compilation and verification code for MCNP libraries, MACROS, have been employed to produce the library after necessary modifications. Validity of the generated library has been confirmed by comparing it with JENDL-3.2. The FSXLIB-J3R2 library contains all the 340 nuclides stored in JENDL-3.2, and it is expected that the library will widely contribute to the field of nuclear energy. (author)

127

Magnetic phase diagram of the spin-1 two-dimensional J1–J3 Heisenberg model on a triangular lattice  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The spin-1 Heisenberg model on a triangular lattice with the ferromagnetic nearest, J1=?(1?p)J, J>0, and antiferromagnetic third-nearest-neighbor, J3=pJ, exchange interactions is studied for 0?p?1. Mori's projection operator technique is used. At p?0.2 the ground state is transformed from the ferromagnet into a disordered state, which is changed to an antiferromagnetic long-range ordered state with the incommensurate ordering vector Q=Q??(1.16,0) at p?0.31. With increasing p the ordering vector moves along the line Q??Qc to the commensurate point Qc=((2?)/3 ,0), which is reached at p=1. The final state can be conceived as four interpenetrating sublattices with the 120° spin structure on each of them. We apply the results to NiGa2S4. -- Highlights: ? The S=1J1–J3 Heisenberg model on a triangular lattice is studied. ? The ferromagnetic nearest and AF third-nearest-neighbor couplings are considered. ? With increasing J3/|J1| the system undergoes three phase transitions. ? The model is able to describe the incommensurate short-range order in NiGa2S4.

128

The ASTE Galactic Center CO J=3-2 Survey: Probing Shocked Molecular Gas in the CMZ  

CERN Document Server

Large-scale CO surveys have revealed that the central molecular zone (CMZ) of our Galaxy is characterized by a number of expanding shells/arcs, and by a peculiar population of compact clouds with large velocity widths -- high-velocity compact clouds (HVCCs). We have performed a large-scale CO J=3-2 survey of the CMZ from 2005 to 2008 with the Atacama Submillimeter-wave Telescope Experiment (ASTE). The data cover almost the full extent of the CMZ and the Clump 2 with a 34 arcsec grid spacing. The CO J=3-2 data were compared with the CO J=1--0 data taken with the Nobeyama Radio Observatory 45 m telescope. Molecular gas in the CMZ exhibits higher J=3-2/J=1-0 intensity ratios [R(3-2/1-0)=0.7] than that in the Galactic disk [R(3-2/1-0)=0.4]. We extracted highly excited, optically thin gas by the criterion, R(3-2/1-0)>=1.5. Clumps of high R(3-2/1-0) gas were found in the Sgr A and Sgr C regions, near SNR G 0.9+0.1, and three regions with energetic HVCCs; CO 1.27+0.01, CO -0.41-0.23, and CO -1.21-0.12. We also found...

Oka, Tomoharu; Matsumura, Shinji; Nagai, Makoto; Kamegai, Kazuhisa; Tanaka, Kunihiko; Hasegawa, Tetsuo

2010-01-01

129

77 FR 42672 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR; and Waitsburg, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR; and Waitsburg, WA AGENCY: Federal...The allotment of Channel 287A at Saint Paul, Arkansas is not currently listed in the...Table of Allotments. Channel 287A at Saint Paul, Arkansas was allotted in MM Docket...

2012-07-20

130

JNES's Activities in the Extra-budgetary Programme of the International Seismic Safety Centre: WA1 Seismic Hazard  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Issues in design basis ground motion development, the study items of Work Area 1 of IAEA/ISSC/EBP, and JNES's contributions were explained. It was also noted that the discussions and resolutions of this WS would be summarized in a technical document as task 1.4 of WA1. (author)

131

Experience with a 30 cm2 silicon pixel plane in CERN experiment WA97  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A multi-chip, large area hybrid silicon pixel detector has been integrated in a particle physics experiment for the first time. The plane had 72K 75 ?mx500 ?m sensor elements, covering a total area of about 30 cm2. It was constructed and characterized in a collaboration between heavy-ion experiment WA97 and R and D project RD19. Several such planes will be incorporated in a hyperon telescope, in order to improve tracking in the high multiplicity environment of central lead-lead collisions at the SPS. Results on the characterization of this detector in a proton beam at the Omega spectrometer at CERN are presented and discussed. (orig.)

132

The zero-degree calorimeter for the relativistic heavy-ion experiment WA80 at CERN  

Science.gov (United States)

Calibration and performance results are presented for a sampling calorimeter designed for use as a beam calorimeter at zero degrees in the relativistic heavy-ion experiment WA80 at CERN. This uranium-scintillator zero-degree calorimeter (ZDC) was found to have a linear response to heavy ions over the range 60-6400 GeV and an in-beam hadronic resolution ranging from {?}/{E} = {0.013 + 0.33}/{?E} at low intensities to {?}/{E} = {0.02 + 0.67}/{?E} at higher intensities. The {e}/{h} ratio of the electromagnetic section was measured to be 1.12 at 135 GeV. The ZDC operated reliably with incident beams of 3.2 TeV oxygen and 6.4 TeV sulfur at intensities of over 10 6 nuclei per spill. It provided a trigger both for minimum bias events and for violent central collisions.

Young, G. R.; Awes, T. C.; Baktash, C.; Cumby, R. P.; Ferguson, R. L.; Gabriel, T. A.; Gustafsson, H. A.; Gutbrod, H. H.; Johnson, J. W.; Lee, I. Y.; Obenshain, F. E.; Plasil, F.; Sorensen, S. P.

1989-07-01

133

The zero-degree calorimeter for the relativistic heavy-ion experiment WA80 at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Calibration and performance results are presented for a sampling calorimeter designed for use as a beam calorimeter at zero degrees in the relativistic heavy-ion experiment WA80 at CERN. This uranium-scintillator zero-degree calorimeter (ZDC) was found to have a linear response to heavy ions over the range 60-6400 GeV and an in-beam hadronic resolution ranging from ?/E = 0.013+0.33/?E at low intensities to ?/E = 0.02+0.67/?E at higher intensities. The e/h ratio of the electromagnetic section was measured to be 1.12 at 135 GeV. The ZDC operated reliably with incident beams of 3.2 TeV oxygen and 6.4 TeV sulfur at intensities of over 106 nuclei per spill. It provided a trigger both for minimum bias events and for violent central collisions. (orig.)

134

Wanjiru's search for self in Ngugi wa Thiong'o's "Minutes of glory"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper deals with Ngugi wa Thiong'o's portrayal of the protagonist in his short story "Minutes of Glory". Wanjiru finds herself trapped in an urban setting and is a victim of her situation and low self-esteem. The story is a poignant and touching study of this young woman who is battling with an identity problem and is seeking acceptance in a post-independence setting where women are exploited by men of the New Africa elite. She is regarded as "a wounded bird in flight: a forced landing now and then but nevertheless wobbling from place to place ..." The story affirms female self-realization rather than perpetual self-alienation, and that validates the persistence in attaining her desired goal.

O. G. Mordaunt

1992-01-01

135

Classification of dark energy models in the (w0,wa) plane  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We classify dark energy models in a plane of observables that correspond to the common parameterization of a non-constant equation of state, w(a)=w0+wa(1-a), where a is the scale factor of the universe. The models fall into four classes and only two of these classes have a region of overlap in the observable plane. We perform a joint analysis of all Type Ia supernova (SNIa) data compiled by the High-Z SN Search Team (HZT) and the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS) and find that no class of models is excluded by current SNIa data. However, an analysis of large scale structure, Ly? forest and bias constraints from SDSS, the Gold SNIa data and WMAP data indicates that non-phantom barotropic models with a positive sound speed are excluded at the 95% C.L

136

Measurements of Turbulence at Two Tidal Energy Sites in Puget Sound, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Field measurements of turbulence are pre- sented from two sites in Puget Sound, WA (USA) that are proposed for electrical power generation using tidal current turbines. Rapidly sampled data from multiple acoustic Doppler instruments are analyzed to obtain statistical mea- sures of fluctuations in both the magnitude and direction of the tidal currents. The resulting turbulence intensities (i.e., the turbulent velocity fluctuations normalized by the harmonic tidal currents) are typically 10% at the hub- heights (i.e., the relevant depth bin) of the proposed turbines. Length and time scales of the turbulence are also analyzed. Large-scale, anisotropic eddies dominate the energy spectra, which may be the result of proximity to headlands at each site. At small scales, an isotropic turbulent cascade is observed and used to estimate the dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy. Data quality and sampling parameters are discussed, with an emphasis on the removal of Doppler noise from turbulence statistics.

Thomson, Jim; Polagye, Brian; Durgesh, Vibhav; Richmond, Marshall C.

2012-06-05

137

Ibn Rushd on God’s decree and Determination (al-qa??’, wa-l-qadar  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article is based on Ibn Rushd’s chapter on God’s qa??’ wa-qadar, which adresses the question of predestination, as illustrative of a rationalistic approach that introduces philosophical views into an age-old religious debate. My aim is to present Ibn Rushd’s argument, which has unmistakable Aristotelian overtones; therefore, the harmonization of religion and philosophy implicit in his argument is one of the points I would like to explore in this paper. In the same way, I am interested in discussing whether Ibn Rushd’s proposed solution constitutes a middle way between two opposite positions and solves the perennial problem of determinism. The paper also discusses the issue whether he supports predestination, i.e., the view that events are predetermined by God before they happen.

Este artículo se basa en el capítulo de Ibn Rušd sobre los atributos qa??’ wa-qadar de All?h, que se ocupa del concepto "predestinación", como ejemplo de una aproximación racionalista que introduce conceptos filosóficos en un viejo debate religioso. Es mi propósito presentar el argumento de Ibn Rušhd que contiene inequívocas alusiones aristotélicas; por tanto, la armonización de la religión y la filosofía implícita en sus argumentos es uno de los puntos que trataré de explorar en este trabajo. Igualmente, estoy interesada en la cuestión de si las soluciones propuestas por Ibn Rušhd suponen un término medio entre dos posiciones enfrentadas y resuelven el eterno problema del determinismo. Este trabajo discute también si Ibn Rušhd defiende la predestinación, es decir, la cuestión de si los sucesos están predeterminados por Dios antes de que tengan lugar.

Belo, Catarina

2006-12-01

138

Assessment of the iodine status of the Wa national boarding school students in Southwest China.  

Science.gov (United States)

Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) has been recognized as a major public health problem worldwide and has serious detrimental effects on the growth and development of the children. Therefore, monitoring the iodine status of the school-aged children is of great importance. We randomly recruited 159 boarding school students (aged from 6 to 14) from 10 primary schools in Lincang County, Yunnan Province. The dietary iodine level of the students was measured by the new mixed meal method and chemical analysis. Fifty-seven daily water samples and 32 salt samples were collected from the same surveyed area to determine the iodine content using the sulfate cerium catalytic spectrophotometric method and the hyposulphite quantitative titration method, respectively. The iodine level of each water sample was ranged from 0.611 to 1.473 ?g/L. The median and the mean value of the iodine content in water were 0.972 and 0.979?±?0.189 ?g/L. The average iodine intake of each age group was higher that the recommended nutrient intakes (RNI) but lower than the tolerable upper intake level (UL). The median and the mean value of the iodine content in salt were 25.53 and 25.62?±?1.70 mg/kg. Taken together, the present study investigated the iodine intake status of Wa school-aged children through examination of their dietary iodine intake, the environment, and the salt iodine status. Results showed that the status of the iodine uptake of the Wa children were higher than the RNI, but lower than the UL. PMID:25035191

Yin, Jian-Zhong; Feng, Yue-Mei; Wu, Shao-Xiong; Zhang, Xue-Hui; Wang, Song-Mei; Wang, Qi; Li, Yuan; Qi, De-Li

2014-09-01

139

Adaptive WaTER Laboratory for K-12 Outreach on Sustainable Water Use  

Science.gov (United States)

Over one billion people worldwide do not have access to a safe, reliable source of drinking water. Of these, up to five million will die each year of waterborne diseases due to unclean water sources and poor sanitation and hygiene1. As part of a capstone senior design project, an educational device was created to teach students in developed and developing nations about the environmental impacts of water contamination and to promote sustainable water utilization. To accomplish this goal an interactive, educational, cost-effective water purification system, known as the Adaptive Water Treatment for Education and Research Laboratory (Adaptive WaTER Lab), was developed. The design includes six different purification methods contained in individual housings that can be connected and reordered to create multiple purification solutions. The purification methods selected for this project include: sediment filtration, carbon filtration, chemical disinfection, reverse osmosis, forward osmosis, and ultraviolet light disinfection. Accompanying educational materials include lessons on contaminants, background information on the methods, seven laboratory experiments and study questions. The Lab has been demonstrated to over 300 students at several Houston-area schools (3rd -12th grade), thus disseminating knowledge on sustainable water use while receiving valuable feedback to improve the design. In addition to interactive demonstrations by students from Rice University, the system has been independently used by high school students in Houston for an Earth Day presentation. The use of the Adaptive WaTER Lab for an independent project, supervised by the authors and carried out by an underrepresented minority high school student, will be discussed. The student determined the effectiveness of the various purification techniques for removing contaminants ranging from dirt and sediment to chlorine and bacteria. Also, the student compared the various techniques based on the rates of production of clean water, operation costs, energy efficiencies and sustainability.

Boyle, Paul

140

Inactivation of Adenovirus Type 5, Rotavirus WA and Male Specific Coliphage (MS2 in Biosolids by Lime Stabilization  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The use of lime to reduce or eliminate pathogen content is a cost-effective treatment currently employed in many Class B biosolids production plants in the United States. A bench scale model of lime stabilization was designed to evaluate the survival of adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and the male specific bacteriophage, MS2, in various matrices. Each virus was initially evaluated independently in a reverse osmosis treated water matrix limed with an aqueous solution of calcium hydroxide for 24-hr at 22 ± 5°C. In all R/O water trials, adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa and MS2 were below detectable levels (<100.5 TCID50/mL and <1 PFU/mL respectively following 0.1-hr of liming. Adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and MS2, were inoculated into composted, raw and previously limed matrices, representative of sludge and biosolids, to achieve a final concentration of approximately 104 PFU or TCID50/mL. Each matrix was limed for 24-hr at 22 ± 5°C and 4 ± 2°C. In all trials virus was below detectable levels following a 24-hr incubation. The time required for viral inactivation varied depending on the temperature and sample matrix. This research demonstrates reduction of adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and male-specific bacteriophage, in water, sludge and biosolids matrices following addition of an 8% calcium hydroxide slurry to achieve a pH of 12 for 2-hr reduced to 11.5 for 22-hr by addition of 0.1 N HCl. In these trials, MS2 was a conservative indicator of the efficacy of lime stabilization of adenovirus Type 5 and rotavirus Wa and therefore is proposed as a useful indicator organism.

Aaron B. Margolin

2007-03-01

141

Calibration of agriculture WA gamma cell using TLD and GAF chromic film  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: A project at the WA department of agriculture (Agriculture WA) involved irradiating male fruit fly pupae with a Co-60 gamma cell. The aim was to render the fruit fly infertile for the purposes of population control. Since the dose needed to be large enough to sterilise the pupae but not so great as to deliver a lethal dose, accurate knowledge of the dose rate was extremely important. The Medical Physics Department at Royal Perth Hospital was asked to calibrate the unit. Thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) was used for the initial dose measurement. LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-700. Harshaw) rods were loaded into plastic tubes and placed at varying depths inside the jig used to hold the pupae during irradiation. The jig was exposed for 15 s, in which time it was expected the rods would receive about 3 to 5 Gy. Calibration rods were exposed to doses ranging from 3 to 7 Gy. The doses measured were slightly higher than expected so another measurement was performed, this time using GAF chromic film. Two strips of film were placed inside the jig, which was irradiated for 1 minute. The response of the TLD calibration rods appeared linear, a line fitted to the data had an R2 value of 0.997. The dose rate measured with TLD varied from 29.3 Gy/min at the inside edge of the jig to 21.3 Gy/min at the centre, with a mean dose rate of 24.9 Gy/min. The GAF chromic film results were 27.5 Gy/min at the edge, 22.8 Gy/min at the centre, and a mean dose of 22.2 Gy/min. The higher Td a mean dose of 22.2 Gy/min. The higher TLD readings may be explained by the fact that the nominal exposure time did not include the period of lowering the jig into the gamma cell, which means that the actual exposure time was slightly longer than the nominal. Since the TLDs were exposed for 15 s and the film for 1 minute, this would introduce a greater error for the TLDs. Both dosimetry methods were successfully applied in the situation described, and the two sets of results were in good agreement. The TLD material demonstrated a linear response at doses from 3 to 7 Gy. Copyright (2001) Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine

142

Performance of 0.5 x 106 sensitive elements pixel telescope in the WA97 heavy ion experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A silicon pixel telescope, consisting of seven planes for a total of about 0.5 M sensor elements with size of 75 ?m x 500 ?m, was successfully employed in the WA97 experiment at CERN. We describe here the overall performance of the detector: we also report some early results from Pb-Pb and p-Pb runs, showing the powerful capability to measure particle momenta and the effective mass of hyperons with a good resolution. (orig.)

143

Inactivation of Adenovirus Type 5, Rotavirus WA and Male Specific Coliphage (MS2) in Biosolids by Lime Stabilization  

OpenAIRE

The use of lime to reduce or eliminate pathogen content is a cost-effective treatment currently employed in many Class B biosolids production plants in the United States. A bench scale model of lime stabilization was designed to evaluate the survival of adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and the male specific bacteriophage, MS2, in various matrices. Each virus was initially evaluated independently in a reverse osmosis treated water matrix limed with an aqueous solution of calcium hydroxide for ...

Margolin, Aaron B.; Warden, Paul S.; Hansen, Jacqueline J.

2007-01-01

144

Gigabit Access Passive Optical Network Using Wavelength Division Multiplexing—GigaWaM  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper summarizes the research and technical achievements done under the EU project GigaWaM. The goal of this project was to develop a cost-effective solution that can meet the increasing bandwidth demands in access networks. The approach was to use a novel wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) architecture that can deliver symmetric 1 Gb/s to 64 users over 20 km standard single mode fiber using the L and C bands for down and upstream, respectively. During the course of the project, a number of key enabling technologies were developed including tunable transceivers, athermal 50 GHz spaced arrayed waveguide grating multiplexer devices, novel hybridization technologies for integration of passive and active electro-optic devices, and system-level algorithms that ensure the quality of service. The outcome of the project proved a reliable, cost-effective, flexible, and upgradable WDM-PON solution, achieving per-user datarates of 2.5 and 10 Gb/s for up and downstream, respectively. The proposed solution is not only suitable for access networks, but also for metro aggregation and mobile backhaul.

Iglesias Olmedo, Miguel; Suhr, Lau

2014-01-01

145

Língua, poder e identidade em Ngugi wa thiongo e Kanavillil Rajagopalan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nos últimos anos, os teóricos denominados póscoloniais, como Edward Said (1995, Homi Bhabha (2001 e Stuart Hall (2003, para citar os mais conhecidos, têm se preocupado em problematizar os binarismos que geralmente vem à tona, quando o tema de discussões são as relações entre colonizadores e colonizados. A Língua é um objeto apropriadoa essa tentativa de superar estes binarismos, pois tem sido vista como um dos instrumentos de dominação colonial. Linguistas e antropólogos consideram a língua um instrumento que revela a identidade de um povo e promove a integração cultural, no presente e no passado. Neste trabalho, nos pautamos pelos argumentos de dois intelectuais póscoloniais que tratam dessa temática, o queniano Ngugi WaThiongo e o indiano Kanavillil Rajagopalan, tentando ler seus argumentos como projetos identitários. O primeiro um projeto de identidade étnico e nacional; o segundo, um projeto pós-nacional e cosmopolita. Pensamos que seus textos e posicionamentos são fundamentais para entendermos as relações entre língua, poder e cultura na segunda metade do século XX. O cenário é o contexto das relações entre as potências europeias, os povos colonizados e aqueles em processo de descolonização.

Dernival Venâncio Ramos

2012-06-01

146

Planktonic biomass and physico-chemical parameters in Wa di Haneefah Stream, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A quantitative and qualitative study of phytoplankton and zooplankton community and physico-chemical condition of water at two sites in Wa di Haneefah Stream was carried out on a monthly basis from November, 1993 to October, 1994. Water temperature fluctuated between (13.0 deg. - 40.0 deg.) with ph values (7.1 - 7.4). High concentrations (11.3) and 10.13 mgI-1) of dissolved oxygen in two sites were recorded in April. The contents of chloride, carbonate, bicarbonate and sulphate were max mum in March-May. Different phyto planktonic genera present at the two sites belong to the families, Caryophyllaceae, Cacophony, Decasodium and Bacillanophyceae. Bacillariphyceae was the dominating group throughout the study. These plank tons were more prominent in summer and less in winter months. Zoo planktonic genera consisted mainly of protozoa ns, Rotifers and Crustaceans. These zooplankton s were prominent forming a peak in July and trough in January. the distribution of the generic composition of phyto-and-zooplankton was correlated with some of the physico-chemical changes in the environment. (authors). 36 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs

147

Results from WA80 on transverse energy production, fluctuations in multiparticle production, and ?/?0 ratios  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented concerning transverse energy production from the WA80 run of 1987 using beams of E/A = 200 GeV 32S produced by the CERN SPS. Comparisons are made to the earlier results obtained with E/A = 60 and 200 GeV 16O. The results of an analysis of fluctuations in the charged-particle pseudorapidity densities for the 16O data are presented next. These analyses were carried out following a method suggested by Bialas and Peschanski. This reveals fluctuations down to pseudorapidity scales of ?/eta/ = 0.1. Finally, a preliminary value is presented for the excess of observed photons over known sources in reactions of E/A = 200 GeV 16O + Au. These measurements span the pseudorapidity interval 1.5 < /eta/ < 2.1 and transverse momentum range p/sub T/ = 0.4--2.4 GeV/c. This excess is observed for central O + Au collisions but not for peripheral O + Au collisions. 16 refs., 7 figs

148

Malaria treatment-seeking behaviour and related factors of Wa ethnic minority in Myanmar: a cross-sectional study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In Southeast Asia, data on malaria treatment-seeking behaviours and related affecting factors are rare. The population of the Wa ethnic in Myanmar has difficulty in accessing formal health care. To understand malaria treatment-seeking behaviour and household-affecting factors of the Wa people, a cross-sectional study carried out in Shan Special Region II, Myanmar. Methods The two methods, questionnaire-based household surveys to household heads and in-depth interviews to key informants, were carried out independently. The proportion of treatment-seeking patterns was calculated. Logistic regression was used to determine affecting factors of treatment-seeking. Qualitative data were analysed by using Text Analysis Markup System. Results Overall, 87.5% of the febrile population sought treatment, but only 32.0% did so within 24 hours. The proportion accessing the retail sector (79.6% was statistically significant higher (P Conclusion Malaria treatment-seeking behaviour is not appropriate, and affecting factors include health service systems, social and cultural factors in Wa State of Myanmar.

Xu Jian-Wei

2012-12-01

149

WaFER: a tool to derive the focal surface of millimeter wave telescopes and characterize their optical response  

Science.gov (United States)

In the framework of the Italian Space Agency (ASI) Technological Developments aimed at the measurement of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarization, a method to define and characterize focal surfaces of millimeter wave telescopes has been implemented in a software package named WaFER (Wave Front Error evaluatoR). The purpose of this tool is to rapidly optimize and characterize wide focal planes providing valuable information to study and optimize high performance telescope configurations. This method is based on the GRASP9 Multi-Reflector GTD for the computation of the weighted wave front error and the software output is the 3D focal surface as the region that minimizes this figure of merit, in terms of feed locations and orientations, for polarization measurements. In addition WaFER provides the main descriptive parameters of the main beams iteratively calculated with the GRASP9 Physical Optics, using the information derived for the evaluated focal surface. The method has been applied at several telescope configurations and WaFER could be used to define the focal surface of any reflector antenna system that can be studied with GRASP9. It can be used to characterize the main beam descriptive parameters also in terms of polarization properties and straylight. Finally, an estimate of the computational time is reported for each computational step (focal surface evaluation, main beam simulations, polarization alignment).

Sandri, M.; Villa, F.; Valenziano, L.

2012-09-01

150

Cloning, expression in E. coli and immunological characterization of Par j 3.0201, a Parietaria pollen profilin variant.  

Science.gov (United States)

Parietaria judaica pollen is one of the main sources of allergens in the Mediterranean area. Its allergenic composition has been studied in detail showing the presence of two major allergens (Par j 1 and Par j 2) and two minor allergens belonging to the profilin and calcium binding protein families of allergens (Par j 3 and Par j 4, respectively). Clinical reports support the hypothesis of a limited cross-reactivity between profilin from Parietaria and unrelated sources. We screened a P. judaica cDNA library to identify novel forms of profilins with allergenic activity. This strategy allowed us to isolate a 767 bp cDNA containing the information for a 131 amino acids protein with homology to profilins from unrelated sources greater than that observed with the already published Parietaria profilins. This profilin was expressed in Escherichia coli as a recombinant protein and its immunological prevalence was studied in a population of Parietaria allergic patients from Southern Europe. Immunoblotting analysis showed that the Parietaria profilin was recognized by IgE from 6.5% of the allergic population. Finally, a selected population of profilin allergic patients was enrolled to demonstrate the cross-reactivity of this novel variant with other profilins from grass and date palm. In conclusion, molecular cloning and immunological studies have allowed the isolation, expression and immunological characterization of a novel cross-reactive profilin allergen from P. judaica pollen named Par j 3.0201. PMID:24172226

Bonura, A; Trapani, A; Gulino, L; Longo, V; Valenta, R; Asero, R; Colombo, P

2014-02-01

151

Interacting coastal based ecosystem services: recreation and water quality in Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Coastal recreation and water quality are major contributors to human well-being in coastal regions. They can also interact, creating opportunities for ecosystem based management, ecological restoration, and water quality improvement that can positively affect people and the environment. Yet the effect of environmental quality on human behavior is often poorly quantified, but commonly assumed in coastal ecosystem service studies. To clarify this effect we investigate a water quality dataset for evidence that environmental condition partially explains variation in recreational visitation, our indicator of human behavior. In Puget Sound, WA, we investigate variation in visitation in both visitation rate and fixed effects (FE) models. The visitation rate model relates the differences in annual recreational visitation among parks to environmental conditions, park characteristics, travel cost, and recreational demand. In our FE model we control for all time-invariant unobserved variables and compare monthly variation at the park level to determine how water quality affects visitation during the summer season. The results of our first model illustrate how visitation relates to various amenities and costs. In the FE analysis, monthly visitation was negatively related to water quality while controlling for monthly visitation trends. This indicates people are responding to changes in water quality, and an improvement would yield an increase in the value of recreation. Together, these results could help in prioritizing water quality improvements, could assist the creation of new parks or the modification of existing recreational infrastructure, and provide quantitative estimates for the expected benefits from potential changes in recreational visitation and water quality improvements. Our results also provide an example of how recreational visitation can be quantified and used in ecosystem service assessments.

Kreitler, Jason; Papenfus, Michael; Byrd, Kristin; Labiosa, William

2013-01-01

152

Observations of globules and dark clouds in the CO J = 3-2 and J = 2-1 lines  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In a search for embedded molecular outflows, nine globules and compact dark clouds, including the known outflow sources B335 and L723, were observed in the (C-12)O J = 2-1 and J = 3-2 lines, and a Monte Carlo radiative transfer code utilizing a combination of microturbulent and velocity gradient line broadening was used to model the flows. Both the known sources are found to be of relatively low density and modest energy. It is found that n(H2) = 3000/cu cm in B335 and 1000/cu cm in the L723 high-velocity gas. None of the other seven clouds show clear evidence of bipolar outflows. Models of the globules B68 and B361 suggest efficient carbon isotope fractionation, with the (C-12)O and (C-13)O abundance ratios being 14 and 25, respectively. 24 references

153

Detection of 13CO(J = 3--2) emission from the molecular clouds OMC-1 and NGC 2264  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have made the first measurements of the 330 GHz J = 3--2 lines of 13CO in the molecular clouds OMC-1 and NGC 2264. Simple velocity gradient calculations can give a consistent description of the intensities of these lines, together with the available CO (J = 2--1) isotopic lines and the equivalent J = 1--0 transitions. They indicate fractional 13CO abundances similar to those found in dark clouds, but low values of the molecular hydrogen density, n(H2)roughly-equal5 x 103 cm-3. The higher densities (approx.105 cm-3) indicated by other molecular observations of these clouds suggest either the presence of high density fragments within the clouds or that the simple analysis is not appropriate for the CO lines, and more complex models are required to explain all the observations

154

Decommissioning samples from the Ft. Lewis, WA, solvent refined coal pilot plant: chemical analysis and biological testing  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report presents the results from chemical analyses and limited biological assays of three sets of samples from the Ft. Lewis, WA solvent refined coal (SRC) pilot plant. The samples were collected during the process of decommissioning this facility. Chemical composition was determined for chemical class fractions of the samples by using high-resolution gas chromatography (GC), high-resolution GC/mass spectrometry (MS) and high-resolution MS. Biological activity was measuring using both the histidine reversion microbial mutagenicity assay with Salmonella typhimurium, TA98 and an initiation/promotion mouse-skin tumorigenicity assay. 19 refs., 7 figs., 27 tabs.

Weimer, W.C.; Wright, C.W.

1985-10-01

155

Spectroscopic constants of spherical top molecules. q2 J2 and q 2 J3 terms for interacting states 1000, 0010 and 0100, 0001 of ab4 molecules  

OpenAIRE

The effective Hamiltonians in terms of irreducible tensor operators for interacting states 0100, 0001 and 1000, 0010 of tetrahedral molecules AB 4 are considered. The formulas for spectroscopic parameters t? S,S(?,?)?s?s', coefficients of tensor operators of the type q2 J2 and q 2 J3, are derived.

Perevalov, V. I.; Tyuterev, Vladimir G.; Zhilinskii, B. I.

1982-01-01

156

The James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Nearby Galaxies Legacy Survey IX: $^{12}$CO $J=3\\to2$ Observations of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351  

CERN Document Server

We present $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} maps of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351 obtained with the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), both early targets of the JCMT Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey (NGLS). We combine the present observations with $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} data and find that the computed $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} to $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} line ratio ($R_{31}$) agrees with values measured in other NGLS field galaxies. We compute the M$_{\\rm{H_2}}$ value and find that it is robust against the value of $R_{31}$ used. Using \\textsc{Hi} data from the The \\textsc{Hi} Nearby Galaxy Survey (THINGS) survey, we find a tight correlation between surface density of H$_2$ and star formation rate density for NGC 3351 when $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} data are used. Finally, we compare the $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} intensity with the PAH 8 $\\mu$m surface brightness and find a good correlation in the high surface brightness regions. We extend this study to incl...

Tan, Boon-Kok; Rigopoulou, D; Warren, B E; Wilson, C D; Attewell, D; Azimlu, M; Bendo, G J; Butner, H M; Brinks, E; Chanial, P; Clements, D L; Heesen, V; Israel, F; Knapen, J H; Matthews, H E; Mortier, A M J; Mühle,; Sánchez-Gallego, J R; Tilanus, R P J; Usero, A; van der Werf, P; Zhu, M

2013-01-01

157

CO J=3-2 Emission from the "Water Fountain" Sources IRAS 16342-3814 and IRAS 18286-0959  

CERN Document Server

We observed CO J=3-2 emission from the "water fountain" sources, which exhibit high-velocity collimated stellar jets traced by water maser emission, with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (ASTE) 10 m telescope. We detected the CO emission from two sources, IRAS 16342-3814 and IRAS 18286-0959. The IRAS 16342-3814 CO emission exhibits a spectrum that is well fit to a Gaussian profile, rather than to a parabolic profile, with a velocity width (FWHM) of 158+/-6 km/s and an intensity peak at VLSR = 50+/-2 km/s. The mass loss rate of the star is estimated to be ~2.9x10^-5 M_sun/yr. Our morpho-kinematic models suggest that the CO emission is optically thin and associated with a bipolar outflow rather than with a (cold and relatively small) torus. The IRAS 18286-0959 CO emission has a velocity width (FWHM) of 3.0+/-0.2 km/s, smaller than typically seen in AGB envelopes. The narrow velocity width of the CO emission suggests that it originates from either an interstellar molecular cloud or a slowly-rotatin...

Imai, Hiroshi; Nakashima, Jun-ichi; Ukita, Nobuharu; Deguchi, Shuji; Koning, Nico

2009-01-01

158

Exploring Variability in Acidic Saline Playa Lakes in WA with HyMAP Hyperspectral Data  

Science.gov (United States)

Acid saline lakes in Western Australia have been recognized as useful chemical terrestrial analogs for aqueous mineral formation on Mars [e.g., 1]. In these lake systems, large pH and salinity differences are observed both laterally and vertically over scales of a few tens of meters[2, 3]. The variability in these lakes have been offered as an alternate formation mechanism for some of the phyllosilicates and sulfates on Mars, suggesting that these different mineral types may be separated by chemical gradients rather than by temporal boundaries[4]. To assess the ability to detect this variability remotely and to determine the extent of the surface variability, which may not be easily accessible in the field, spectral mapping for two of the acidic saline playa lakes was performed. HyMAP airborne data were acquired in December, 2008, of Lake Gilmore and Lake Chandler in WA. The HyMAP sensors have 126 bands that cover the wavelength range between 0.45 and 2.5 µm. Hyvista Corporation provided atmospherically corrected surface reflectance data at approximately 3m spatial resolution. Using the methodology described by [5] the HyMAP data were analyzed using ENVI to identify spectrally pure endmembers that can be used to distinguish mineralogy in the scene. Relevant (e.g. not roads, water or vegetation) spectral endmembers derived for each scene were identified visually using spectra from the ASTER spectral library[6]. The processing techniques were applied to all flight lines and ultimately a classification map mosaic was produced for selection of relevant and intriguing field sampling sites. The classification maps will be validated using field spectroscopy and visual inspection of representative samples collected from the field sites in October 2009, and laboratory spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction will be performed for further validation. The classification maps confirm variability in mineralogy across the lakes, validating geochemical modeling. There are also some unexpected intriguing results. For example, dune forms reveal interbedded sulfates and clays. These deposits may be indicative of the ephemeral nature of the lakes and are of particular interest to studies of similar martian deposits such as those in Gale Crater[7] and Columbus Crater[8]. The acid saline lakes in Australia therefore may provide an even more compelling analog to aqueous deposition on Mars. 1. K. C. Benison, D. A. LaClair, Astrobiology 3, 609 (November 1, 2003). 2. G. M. Marion et al., Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 73, 3493 (June 1, 2009). 3. B. B. Bowen, K. C. Benison, Applied Geochemistry 24, 268 (2009). 4. A. Baldridge et al., Geophysical Research Letters (Accepted Manuscript, In Press). 5. J. W. Boardman, F. A. Kruse, paper presented at the Proceedings, Tenth Thematic Conference, Geologic Remote Sensing, San Antonio, TX, May 9-12, 1994. 6. A. M. Baldridge, S. J. Hook, C. I. Grove, G. Rivera, Remote Sensing of Environment 113, 711 (2009). 7. R. E. Milliken et al., paper presented at the Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts, March 1, 2009. 8. J. J. Wray et al., paper presented at the Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts, March 1, 2009.

Baldridge, A. M.; Hook, S. J.; Souza Filho, C. R.; Thomson, B. J.; Bridges, N. T.; Crowley, J. K.

2009-12-01

159

Prognosis of groundwater recharge by means of the simulation tool PCSiWaPro® under the conditions of climate change  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent studies showed that varying atmospheric conditions as a result of climate change have a significant impact on the magnitude and time variable development of groundwater recharge. Essentially there are two driving factors that influence groundwater recharge: the temporal distribution of precipitation, and the saturation processes resulting from capillary effects in the unsaturated soil zone. Water balance processes can accurately be modelled by using the Richards' equation for transient flow, together with the Van-Genuchten/Luckner approximation describing hysteresis relationships between water contents and pressure heads in the soil. Precipitation distributions, as boundary conditions for the unsaturated model, can be generated from climate data measurements using statistical analysis tools. These synthetic time series reflect both the real climate conditions in a given model area, as well as statistical variations of rainfall by implementing characteristics of a predefined probability distribution. Depending on the kind of distribution, the resulting time series can represent both annual rainfall variations as well as long-term climate changes. The Institute of Waste Management and Contaminated Site Treatment of the TU Dresden has developed two software programs that help estimate these two driving forces for groundwater recharge. WettGen is a weather generator using a Weibull distribution and Markov chain approximations to create synthetic climate time series. These are applied as an upper boundary condition for PCSiWaPro®, a numerical finite element simulation tool solving the Richards' equation for water balance and a convection dispersion equation for contaminant. The result of this coupled simulation is an outflow at the lower boundary of the PCSiWaPro® model, which can be interpreted as a recharge rate for the underlying aquifer. Considering that climate change scenarios for Germany predict longer dry periods and an increase of extreme precipitation events, simulations showed that groundwater recharge rates tend to decrease. This is due to the fact that during extreme events the maximum infiltration rate is reached much sooner than for rain periods with a lower intensity and a longer duration, leading to higher rates of surface runoff. Current advancements of the existing modelling components include a more accurate estimate of groundwater recharge, which will be achieved by taking into account the interactions between unsaturated soil zone processes and groundwater processes. To implement this, a coupling between PCSiWaPro® and a groundwater simulation software, PCGeofim® by IBGW Leipzig, is currently being worked on. This will not only enhance the accurate estimation of groundwater recharge, but it will also give new insights into which effects different time series of precipitation have on the transport of contaminations through the unsaturated soil zone, and into the groundwater.

Meyer, M.; Sallwey, J.; Hasan, I.; Graeber, P.-W.

2012-04-01

160

Online: a program to display histograms and control monitor processes on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

ONLINE is a program which can be launched from any terminal on the WA62 experiment's DEC VAX 11/780 computer when the Native mode data acquisition system is running. It is used to display histograms produced by the various experiment monitor processes running under the system and can establish links with such processes to allow the user to issue monitor commands and change internal monitor process parameters. This report describes the criteria used in the design of ONLINE and shows some of the features of the VAX/VMS Operating System which are used to access histograms produced by monitor processes, to establish communications links with monitor processes and to provide the user with an easy to learn system for the examination of online experimental data in a graphical form. Also given, is a brief account of the way monitor processes are structured and how this structure facilitates user-monitor dialogue. (author)

161

Luise Millerin und Ne'mat - die weiblichen Hauptfiguren von "Kabale und Liebe" und "Afwah wa Araneb" im Vergleich  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Dieser Beitrag  verfolgt  das Ziel, die weibliche Hauptfigur im deutschen Drama "Kabale und Liebe" und im arabischen Drama "Afwah wa Araneb" zu charakterisieren und miteinander zu vergleichen. Dabei werden die inneren sowie die zwischenmenschlichen Konflikte dieser beiden Frauen aufgezeigt und verglichen. Es macht sich bemerkbar, wie ähnlich die Schicksale der beiden weiblichen Hauptfiguren sind, die nach den Wertvorstellungen des Vaters oder des Familienoberhauptes leben müssen. Sie können als Musterbeispiele für die damalige Männerherrschaft angesehen werden. Männerherrschaft und Ungleichwertigkeit der Geschlechter - ein Thema, das unser modernes Leben noch immer beschäftigt. Darüber hinaus möchte ich beweisen, dass sich ein vollständiges Bild nur dann ergibt, wenn bei der Betrachtung alle Komponenten, politische, soziologische, psychologische sowie theologische, als Einheit berücksichtigt werden, wobei Luise und Ne'mat jeweils im Blickpunkt stehen sollen. Die gesellschaftliche Funktion des Dramas besteht in der Änderung der Gesellschaft durch Literatur und Drama. Die Untersuchung geht davon aus, dass beide Dramen als literarische Unterstützung der Emanzipation der bürgerlichen oder bäuerlichen Frau betrachtet werden sollen. Beide Dramen passen in jede Zeit. Unseren Jugendlichen sind die damaligen Probleme heute nicht fremd. Zu Zeiten Luises und Ne'mats hofft die junge Generation auf das Ende des Absolutismus, die Auflösung der Standesunterschiede und die Verwirklichung der sozialen Gerechtigkeit. Im arabischen Frühling spielen die Jugendlichen in Ägypten die Hauptrolle bei dem Sturz des diktatorischen Regimes von Husni Mubarak. Sie fordern auch Freiheit, Würde und soziale Gerechtigkeit. Diese Generationenkonflikte gibt es schon immer und wird es immer geben. Sie sind eine wesentliche Voraussetzung für Veränderung und Entwicklung. Schlagwörter: Interkulturalität, Komparatistik, "Kabale und Liebe", "Afwah wa Araneb", Vergleichende Charakterisierung von Luise und Ne'mat.

Rascha Muhammad ‘OrabiRasch ‘Abdel ‘Aziz Muhammad ‘Orabi

2013-10-01

162

Polarization effects in the ionization cross section of Ar, Kr, and Xe by laser-excited Ne**[(2p)5(3p);J=3,M] atoms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In a crossed-beam experiment the total ionization cross section for the title systems has been investigated in the range 0.1?E (eV) **[(3p);J=3] state is produced by saturated optical pumping of the Ne*[(3s);J=2]?Ne**[(3p);J=3] two-level system with a polarized laser beam, resulting in a well-determined distribution of the magnetic substates |J,M right-angle with respect to the relative velocity g. By measuring the ion yield in the scattering center at five different orientations of the laser polarization (linear and circular) with respect to g, the data can be analyzed in terms of pure-state total ionization cross sections 3Q|M| corresponding to a single asymptotic state |J,M right-angle

163

Verification of LOCA/ECCS analysis codes ALARM-B2 and THYDE-B1 by comparison with RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For a verification study of ALARM-B2 code and THYDE-B1 code which are the component of the JAERI code system for evaluation of BWR ECCS performance, calculations for typical small and large break LOCA in BWR were done, and compared with those by RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code. This report describes the influences of differences between the analytical models incorporated in the individual code and the problems identified by this verification study. (author)

164

Human rheumatoid factor crossidiotypes. II. Primary structure-dependent crossreactive idiotype, PSL2-CRI, present on Wa monoclonal rheumatoid factors is present on Bla and other IgM kappa monoclonal autoantibodies  

OpenAIRE

The amino acid sequence of the L-CDR2 (complementarity-determining region) of Bla mRF (monoclonal rheumatoid factor) is identical to that of the Wa mRFs. The PSL2-CRI (crossreactive idiotype), as determined by anti-PSL2, which has been shown to be present on all Wa mRFs, is also present on the Bla mRF and other monoclonal autoantibodies. PSL2-CRI is, therefore, not unique to Wa mRFs and may be present on most IgM kappa monoclonal autoantibodies. Whether PSL2-CRI is a crossidiotype (XId) that ...

1987-01-01

165

MARINE BIOLOGICAL REPORT IN THE NU?BAT AL-DAHR F? ?A?Â?IB AL-BARR WA-AL-BA?R  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

I det arabiske geografiske værk NU?BAT AL-DAHR F? ?A???IB AL-BARR WA-AL-BA?R (færdigskrevet mellem 1324 og 1327) fra omtales seks dyr fra Adenbugten. Det dreje sig om savrokke, kuglefisk, pilrokke, pindsvinefisk og hvalhaj. Det sidste dyr har ikke kunnet bestemmes. Artiklen bringer en oversættelse af optegnelsen til engelsk samt både en filologisk som en biologisk kommentar.

Provencal, Philippe

2014-01-01

166

Molecular and Phenetic Characterization of the Bacterial Assemblage of Hot Lake, WA, an Environment with High Concentrations of Magnesium Sulfate, and Its Relevance to Mars  

OpenAIRE

Hot Lake (Oroville, WA) is an athalassohaline epsomite lake that can have precipitating concentrations of MgSO4 salts, mainly epsomite. Little biotic study has been done on epsomite lakes and it was unclear whether microbes isolated from epsomite lakes and their margins would fall within recognized halotolerant genera, common soil genera, or novel phyla. Our initial study cultivated and characterized epsotolerant bacteria from the lake and its margins. Approximately 100 aerobic heterotrophic ...

Kilmer, Brian R.; Eberl, Timothy C.; Cunderla, Brent; Chen, Fei; Clark, Benton C.; Schneegurt, Mark A.

2014-01-01

167

Verification and Translation of "Risalat Latifa fi Bayan al-Iman Lughatan wa Shar'an inda Ahl al-Lisan" by Arslanzade  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The available manuscript is composed of verification and Turkish tranlation of "Risalat Latifa fi Bayan al-Iman Lughatan wa Shar'an inda Ahl al-Lisan" which is related to Kalam in periodical entitled "Ta’lifat al-Marhum Arslanzade", which does consist of Arslanzade Mustafa Efendi’s tractates, and registered in Manisa Province Public Library 45 Hk. No. 5837.

Hilmi Karaa?aç

2012-10-01

168

WaFIRS, a Waveguide Far-IR Spectrometer: Enabling Space-Borne Spectroscopy of High-z Galaxies in the Far-IR and Submm  

Science.gov (United States)

The discovery of galaxies beyond z approximately equal to 1 which emit the bulk of their luminosity at long wavelengths has demonstrated the need for high sensitivity, broadband spectroscopy in the far-IR/submm/mm bands. Because many of these sources are not detectable in the optical, long wavelength spectroscopy is key to measuring their redshifts and ISM conditions. The continuum source list will increase in the next decade with new ground-based instruments (SCUBA2, Bolocam, MAMBO) and the surveys of HSO and SIRTF. Yet the planned spectroscopic capabilities lag behind, primarily due to the difficulty in scaling existing IR spectrograph designs to longer wavelengths. To overcome these limitations, we are developing WaFIRS, a novel concept for long-wavelength spectroscopy which utilizes a parallel-plate waveguide and a curved diffraction grating. WaFIRS provides the large (approximately 60%) instantaneous bandwidth and high throughput of a conventional grating system, but offers a dramatic reduction in volume and mass. WaFIRS requires no space overheads for extra optical elements beyond the diffraction grating itself, and is two-dimensional because the propagation is confined between two parallel plates. Thus several modules could be stacked to multiplex either spatially or in different frequency bands. The size and mass savings provide opportunities for spectroscopy from space-borne observatories which would be impractical with conventional spectrographs. With background-limited detectors and a cooled 3.5 telescope, the line sensitivity would be better than that of ALMA, with instantaneous broad-band coverage. We have built and tested a WaFIRS prototype for 1-1.6 mm, and are currently constructing Z-Spec, a 100 mK model to be used as a ground-based lambda/DELTAlambda approximately equal to 350 submillimeter galaxy redshift machine.

Bradford, C. M.; Bock, J. J.; Dragovan, M.; Earle, L.; Glenn, J.; Naylor, B.; Nguyen, H.; Zmuidzinas, J.

2004-01-01

169

Development and testing of a Cerenkov counter for hyperon on line tagging (WA89 experiment at CERN)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

HYPOLIT (HYPerons On LIne Tagging) is a new Counter for tagging hyperons on line, in the 250 GeV/c beam (rms 7%) of the second phase of the WA89 experiment at CERN. It is a fast RICH counter with low angular acceptance but a great resolution power. The counter is equipped with a 6 m focal length spherical mirror and a chromatic corrector. The size of the Cerenkov rings is reduced by means of set of two conical mirrors to match the active area of an image intensifier. Its output window is devided into 160 pixels read with 160 photomultipliers via fibre optics. The counter has been tested at CERN in 2, 4 and 8 GeV/c electron beam and in 220 GeV/c pion beam containing also 5.3% kaons and 0.7% antiprotons. A spatial resolution of 0.125 mm was achieved on the radius, which represents 1/5 of the pion-Kaon separation. The ring radius is determined electronically in less than 2.5 microseconds. A Monte-Carlo simulation was performed at 360 GeV/c. It is shown that the tagging is also possible at this energy, despite the ten times greater emittance of this beam, after some modifications on the chromatic corrector and the detection system. (orig.)

170

ONGs, indios y petroléo: El caso U'wa a través de los mapas del territorio en disputa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ONGS, INDIENS ET PÉTROLE : LE DOSSIER U'WA À TRAVERS LES CARTES DE LA QUERELLE TERRITORIALE. Cet article explore les cartes du dossier U?wa. Cette confrontation est devenue célèbre suite à la menace de suicide d?un peuple indigène face à un projet pétrolier mené par deux grandes entreprises multinationales, OXY et SHELL, associées à l?État colombien. Le récit d?une ? tribu ? décidée à se suicider au nom de ce qu?elle considère sacré a attiré l?attention des médias du monde entier mais aussi de nombreuses organisations non gouvernementales (ONGs écologiques et des droits de l?homme. Ces dernières ont une participation active dans cette dispute qui se déroule dans le cadre du conflit armé colombien. L?objet de cet article est de mener une réflexion à propos des récits, des images et des représentations avec lesquelles les différents acteurs agissent dans la confrontation. À un certain moment de la controverse, toutes les parties ont préparé et même publié des cartes pour soutenir, souligner et illustrer leur argumentation. Elles montrent toutes le même ensemble de zones : celle de l?aire d?exploitation pétrolière et celles de la réserve indigène légalement reconnue et de l?aire réclamée comme territoire ancestral par les U?wa. Cependant chacun a choisi de montrer la relation entre ces surfaces de façon particulière et met en relief certains éléments. Ces cartes peuvent donc être considérées comme des textes culturels et conforment ainsi un corpus à explorer pour comprendre le conflit. Étant donné que la cartographie prétend être objective, les cartes sont apparemment éloignées des positions qui sont prises dans la discussion. Elles nous offrent, en conséquence, un point de vue privilégié pour entrevoir les hypothèses et les présuppositions de chacun des acteurs. Cet article nous permet une meilleure approcheà travers les cartes, du ? sous-texte ? des antagonistes, des notions, opinions et intentions que les acteurs n'expriment pas de façon explicite, c?est-à-dire de l?inconscient politique de chaque ligne d?argumentation. L?analyse critique de la cartographie nous montre comment, paradoxalement, l?? agenda ? des ONGs écologiques ressemble à celle des agents du développement pétrolier en s?appuyant sur le même type de catégories et de notions. Il nous montre aussi les dispositifs à travers lesquels la cosmologie indigène est rendue statique et essentielle, devenant en même temps invisible et sans légitimité. El presente artículo hace un análisis del caso U'wa, una confrontación que debe su celebridad a la amenaza de suicidio de un pueblo indígena frente a un proyecto petrolero adelantado por dos grandes compañías (la OXY y la SHELL asociadas con el Estado colombiano. El relato de una ?tribu? dispuesta a suicidarse a nombre de lo que ella considera sagrado ha llamado la atención no sólo de los medios en el mundo, sino de numerosas organizaciones no gubernamentales ambientalistas e indigenistas, las que han intervenido de manera activa en esta disputa que se desarrolla en medio del conflicto armado colombiano. El propósito de este artículo es el de adelantar una reflexión sobre el conjunto de relatos, imágenes y representaciones que han guiado las prácticas de los diferentes actores en la confrontación. Todas las partes han preparado e incluso publicado mapas en algún punto de la controversia con el fin de sustentar, resaltar e ilustrar su argumentación. Todos ellos muestran el mismo conjunto de zonas: las del área de explotación petrolera y los territorios indígenas tanto reconocidos por la ley como los reclamados por los indígenas. Cada uno muestra, sin embargo, estas zonas y la relación entre ellas de manera particular y pone en relieve ciertos elementos. Estos mapas se pueden considerar como verdaderos textos culturales y constituyen así un corpus para aproximarnos a la confrontación. Debido a la pretensión de objetividad con la que se expresa la cartografía, los mapas aparecen

2003-01-01

171

Seasonal variations in erodibility and sediment transport potential in a mesotidal channel-flat complex, Willapa Bay, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Measurements of erodibility, porosity and sediment size were made three times over the course of a year at sites within a muddy, mesotidal flat-channel complex in southern Willapa Bay, WA, to examine spatial and seasonal variations in sediment properties and transport potential. Average critical shear stress profiles, the metric we used for erodibility, were quantified using a power-law fit to cumulative eroded mass vs. shear stress for the flats and channel. Laboratory erosion measurements of deposits made from slurries of flat and channel sediment were used to quantify erodibility over consolidation time scales ranging from 6 to 96h. Erodibility of the tidal flats was consistently low, with spatial variability comparable to seasonal variability despite seasonal changes in biological activity. In contrast, channel-bed erodibility underwent large seasonal variations, with mobile sediment present in the channel thalweg during winter that was absent in the spring and summer, when channel-bed erodibility was low and comparable to that of the tidal flats. Sediment on the northern (left) channel flank was mobile in summer and winter, whereas sediment on the southern flank was not. Seasonal changes in channel-bed erodibility are sufficient to produce order-of-magnitude changes in suspended sediment concentrations during peak tidal flows. Porosity just below the sediment surface was the best predictor of erodibility in our study area.

Wiberg, Patricia L.; Law, Brent A.; Wheatcroft, Robert A.; Milligan, Timothy G.; Hill, Paul S.

2013-06-01

172

Depth-related influences on biodegradation rates of phenanthrene in polluted marine sediments of Puget Sound, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A whole-core injection method was used to determine depth-related rates of microbial mineralization of 14C-phenanthrene added to both contaminated and clean marine sediments of Puget Sound, WA. For 26-day incubations under micro-aerobic conditions, conversions of 14C-phenanthrene to 14CO2 in heavily PAH-contaminated sediments from two sites in Eagle Harbor were much higher (up to 30%) than those in clean sediments from nearby Blakely Harbor (14C-phenanthrene degradation rates in the surface sediment horizons (0-3 cm) were more rapid (2-3 times) than in the deeper sediment horizons examined (>6 cm), especially in the most PAH polluted EH9 site. Differences in mineralization were associated with properties of the sediments as a function of sediment depth, including grain-size distribution, PAH concentration, total organic matter and total bacterial abundance. When strictly anaerobic incubations (in N2/H2/CO2 atmosphere) were used, the phenanthrene biodegradation rates at all sediment depths were two times slower than under micro-aerobic conditions, with methanogenesis observed after 24 days. The main rate-limiting factor for phenanthrene degradation under anaerobic conditions appeared to be the availability of suitable electron acceptors. Addition of calcium sulfate enhanced the first order rate coefficient (k 1 increased from 0.003 to 0.006 day-1-1), whereas addition of soluble nitrate, even at very low concentration (1 up to 0.11 day-1)

173

Hyperon production in p-BE interactions at 158 GeV/c per nucleon at the WA97 CERN experiment  

CERN Document Server

Strange particle production is one of the most useful probes of matter under extreme conditions of temperature and density. Due to the differences between quark masses in a Quark Gluon Plasma and hadron masses in a hadron gas scenario, there is a significant difference in the equilibration times for strange quark production under these two mechanisms. This difference in equilibration times will manifest itself in a much greater yield of strange particles from a QGP with respect to a hadron gas. It is believed that collisions of heavy ions at high energy may provide sufficient conditions for a QGP to be formed. The aim of the WA97 experiment is, therefore, to investigate relativistic heavy ion collisions at the CERN OMEGA Spectrometer, following on from the work of the WA85 and WA94 collaborations. Using a lead ion beam from the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron and a lead target, data were taken in both 1995 and 1996. As a control, in the autumn of 1995, data were also taken using a proton beam incident on a lead...

Norman, P I

1999-01-01

174

A Search for CO(J=3-2) Emission from the Host Galaxy of GRB 980425 with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment  

OpenAIRE

We report on a deep search for CO(J=3-2) line emission from the host galaxy of GRB 980425 with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (ASTE). We observed five points of the galaxy covering the entire region. After combining all of the spectra, we obtained a global spectrum with the rms noise level of 3.3 mK in T_mb scale at a velocity resolution of 10 km s^-1. No significant emission was detected, though we find a marginal emission feature in the velocity range corre...

Hatsukade, Bunyo; Kohno, Kotaro; Endo, Akira; Tosaki, Tomoka; Ohta, Kouji; Sakamoto, Seiichi; Kawai, Nobuyuki; Cortes, Juan R.; Nakanishi, Kouichiro; Okuda, Takeshi; Muraoka, Kazuyuki; Sakai, Takeshi; Vreeswijk, Paul M.; Ezawa, Hajime; Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki

2007-01-01

175

A best estimate analysis of LOFT L3-6/L8-1 by RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thermal-hydraulic analysis of LOCE L3-6/L8-1, which is the one of loss-of-coolant experiments (LOCEs) in the loss-of-fluid test (LOFT) facility, was performed by using RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3. Main purpose of the analysis is to assess the capability of the RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code upon the analysis of a small break LOCA in a PWR. The code calculated the thermal-hydraulic behavior in the primary and secondary systems. Calculated results showed good agreement with measured data about break flow, pressure and temperature of the primary system and fluid densities in the intact loop, but the behavior of broken loop and steam generator secondary system were not calculated well. In the course of this analysis, some improvements were found to be necessary on the modeling of pump degradation and coast down, steam generator and stagnant fluid in the broken loop. (author)

176

High Excitation Molecular Gas in the Galactic Center Loops; 12CO(J =2-1 and J =3-2) Observations  

CERN Document Server

We have carried out 12CO(J =2-1) and 12CO(J =3-2) observations at spatial resolutions of 1.0-3.8 pc toward the entirety of loops 1 and 2 and part of loop 3 in the Galactic center with NANTEN2 and ASTE. These new results revealed detailed distributions of the molecular gas and the line intensity ratio of the two transitions, R3-2/2-1. In the three loops, R3-2/2-1 is in a range from 0.1 to 2.5 with a peak at ~ 0.7 while that in the disk molecular gas is in a range from 0.1 to 1.2 with a peak at 0.4. This supports that the loops are more highly excited than the disk molecular gas. An LVG analysis of three transitions, 12CO J =3-2 and 2-1 and 13CO J =2-1, toward six positions in loops 1 and 2 shows density and temperature are in a range 102.2 - 104.7 cm-3 and 15-100 K or higher, respectively. Three regions extended by 50-100 pc in the loops tend to have higher excitation conditions as characterized by R3-2/2-1 greater than 1.2. The highest ratio of 2.5 is found in the most developed foot points between loops 1 an...

Kudo, Natsuko; Machida, Mami; Davis, Timothy A; Tsutsumi, Kazuki; Fujishita, Motusuji; Moribe, Nayuta; Yamamoto, Hiroaki; Okuda, Takeshi; Kawamura, Akiko; Mizuno, Norikazu; Onishi, Toshikazu; Maezawa, Hiroyuki; Mizuno, Akira; Tanaka, Kunihiko; Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki; Ezawa, Hajime; Takahashi, Kunio; Nozawa, Satoshi; Matsumoto, Ryoji; Fukui, Yasuo

2010-01-01

177

Project AProWa: a national view on managing trade-offs between agricultural production and conservation of aquatic ecosystems  

Science.gov (United States)

Swiss agriculture is legally committed to fulfill several, partially conflicting goals such as agricultural production on the one hand and the conservation of natural resources on the other hand. In the context of the research project AProWa ("Agricultural Production and Water"), the relationships between the production aspect and the conservation of aquatic ecosystems is analyzed with a holistic approach. Agricultural production and the protection of water resources have high potential for conflicts: Farmers use ground and surface water to irrigate their fields. On the other hand, drainage systems enable the production on otherwise unfavorably wet soils. These in turn often affect ground water recharge and divert precipitation directly into surface waters, which changes their hydrological regime. Typically, drainage systems also elevate the input of nutrients and pesticides into the water bodies. In general, applied fertilizers, plant protection products, veterinary drugs and phytohormones of cultivated plants are introduced into the ground and surface waters through different processes such as drift, leaching, runoff, preferential flow or erosion. They influence the nutrient cycles and ecological health of aquatic systems. The nutrient and pesticide loss processes themselves can be altered by tillage operations and other agricultural practices. Furthermore, the competition for space can lead to additional conflicts between agriculture and the protection of aquatic ecosystems. For example, channelized or otherwise morphologically changed rivers do not have a natural discharge pattern and are often not suitable for the local flora and fauna; but naturally meandering rivers need space that cannot be used for agriculture. In a highly industrialized and densely populated country like Switzerland, all these potential conflicts are of importance. Although it is typically seen as a water-rich country, local and seasonal overexploitation of rivers through water extraction for irrigation can already be documented. Due to drier summers induced by climate change, this phenomenon is expected to gain more importance in the future. Related to water quantity and quality it is crucial to think about the diverging interests between the supply of the population with national agricultural products and the preservation of the water bodies, their ecological value and their other ecosystem services (e.g. drinking water supply). The project AProWa attempts to elucidate trade-offs of national goals for water protection and agricultural production in Switzerland by involving stakeholders from agricultural administration (Federal Office for Agriculture, FOAG), agricultural research (Agroscope), water research (Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Eawag) and environmental protection (Federal Office for the Environment, FOEN). This is done by applying multi-criteria decision analysis facilitating consensus regarding goals and possible activities and alternatives to reach these goals. This is followed by an evaluation of main conflicts and prioritized research gaps. We present preliminary results from workshops and interdisciplinary discussion groups that encompass an objectives hierarchy reflecting agricultural production and water conservation goals. Furthermore, an inventory of agricultural practices and water protection measures is presented, enabling their evaluation for the provision of agricultural production while sustaining aquatic ecosystems.

Dietzel, Anne; Rahn, Eric; Stamm, Christian

2014-05-01

178

Mapping soil erosion susceptibility using remote sensing and GIS: a case of the Upper Nam Wa Watershed, Nan Province, Thailand  

Science.gov (United States)

Land degradation is still a very common problem in the mountains of Asia because of inappropriate land use practice in steep topography. Many studies have been carried out to map shifting cultivation and areas susceptible to soil erosion. Mostly, estimated soil loss is taken as the basis to classify the level of soil loss susceptibility of area. Factors that influence soil erosion are: rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, slope length and steepness, crop management and conservation practices. Thus the reliability of estimated soil loss is based on how accurately the different factors were estimated or prepared. As each and every small pixel of our earth surface is different from one area to another, the manner in which the study area was discretized into smaller homogenous sizes and how the most accurate and efficient technique were adopted to estimate the soil loss are very important. The purpose of this study is to produce erosion susceptibility maps for an area that has suffered because of shifting cultivation located in the mountainous regions of Northern Thailand. For this purpose, an integrated approach using RS and GIS-based methods is proposed. Data from the Upper Nam Wa Watershed, a mountainous area of the Northern Thailand were used. An Earth Resources Data Analysis System (ERDAS) imagine image processor has been used for the digital analysis of satellite data and topographical analysis of the contour data for deriving the land use/land cover and the topographical data of the watershed, respectively. ARCInfo and ARCView have been used for carrying out geographical data analysis. The watershed was discretized into hydrologically, topographically, and geographically homogeneous grid cells to capture the watershed heterogeneity. The soil erosion in each cell was calculated using the universal soil loss equation (USLE) by carefully determining its various parameters and classifying the watershed into different levels of soil erosion severity. Results show that during the time of this study most of the areas under shifting cultivation fell in the highest severity class of susceptibility.

Krishna Bahadur, K. C.

2009-04-01

179

Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obtained from King County and from US Census data. Fast food restaurant addresses were obtained from Public Health-Seattle & King County and were geocoded. Fast food density was expressed per tract unit area and per capita. Arterial road density was a measure of vehicular and pedestrian access. Multivariate logistic regression models containing both socioeconomic status and road density were used in data analyses. Results Over one half (53.1% of King County census tracts had at least one fast food restaurant. Mean network distance from dwelling units to a fast food restaurant countywide was 1.40 km, and 1.07 km for census tracts containing at least one fast food restaurant. Fast food restaurant density was significantly associated in regression models with low median household income (p Conclusion No significant association was observed between census tract minority status and fast food density in King County. Although restaurant density was linked to low household incomes, that effect was attenuated by arterial road density. Fast food restaurants in King County are more likely to be located in lower income neighborhoods and higher traffic areas.

Streichert Laura C

2009-07-01

180

Microbial community changes during sustained Cr(VI) reduction at the 100H site in Hanford, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Hexavalent Chromium is a widespread contaminant found in soil, sediment, and groundwater. In order to stimulate microbially-mediated reduction of Cr(VI), a poly-lactate compound (HRC) was injected into the chromium-contaminated aquifer at the Hanford (WA) 100H site in 2004. Cr(VI) concentrations rapidly declined to below the detection limit and remained so for more than 3 yrs after injection. Based on the results of the bacterial community composition using high-density DNA 16S rRNA gene microarrays, we observed the community to transition through denitrifying, iron-reducing and sulfate-reducing populations. As a result, we specifically focused isolation efforts on three bacterial species that were significant components of the community. Positive enrichments in defined anaerobic media resulted in the isolation of an iron-reducing Geobacter metallireducens-like isolate, a sulfate-reducing Desulfovibrio vulgaris-like strain and a nitrate-reducing Pseudomonas stutzeri-like isolate among several others. All of these isolates were capable of reducing Cr(VI) anoxically and have been submitted for genome sequencing. To further characterize the microbial metabolic and geochemical mechanisms associated with in situ Cr(VI) reduction, additional HRC was injected in 2008. The goal was to restimulate the indigenous microbial community and to recreate the reducing conditions necessary for continued Cr(VI) bio-immobilization in the groundwater. Analysis of the microbial populations post-injection revealed that they recovered to a similar concentration as after the first injection in 2004. In this study, we present the results from our investigation into microbially-mediated Cr(VI) reduction at Hanford, and a comparison of the microbial community development following two HRC injections 4 years apart.

Chakraborty, R.; Brodie, E. L.; Joyner, D. C.; Torok, T.; Fortney, J. L.; Borglin, S. E.; Long, P. E.; Newcomer, D. R.; Choudhury, S.; Beller, H. R.; Piceno, Y. M.; Tom, L.; Andersen, G. L.; Faybishenko, B.; Hazen, T. C.

2009-12-01

181

High Excitation Molecular Gas in the Galactic Center Loops; 12CO(J =2-1 and J =3-2) Observations  

OpenAIRE

We have carried out 12CO(J =2-1) and 12CO(J =3-2) observations at spatial resolutions of 1.0-3.8 pc toward the entirety of loops 1 and 2 and part of loop 3 in the Galactic center with NANTEN2 and ASTE. These new results revealed detailed distributions of the molecular gas and the line intensity ratio of the two transitions, R3-2/2-1. In the three loops, R3-2/2-1 is in a range from 0.1 to 2.5 with a peak at ~ 0.7 while that in the disk molecular gas is in a range from 0.1 to ...

Kudo, Natsuko; Torii, Kazufumi; Machida, Mami; Davis, Timothy A.; Tsutsumi, Kazuki; Fujishita, Motusuji; Moribe, Nayuta; Yamamoto, Hiroaki; Okuda, Takeshi; Kawamura, Akiko; Mizuno, Norikazu; Onishi, Toshikazu; Maezawa, Hiroyuki; Mizuno, Akira; Tanaka, Kunihiko

2010-01-01

182

Extremely Strong ^{13}CO J=3-2 Line in the "Water Fountain" IRAS 16342-3814: Evidence for the Hot-Bottom Burning  

CERN Document Server

We observed four "water fountain" sources in the CO J=3-2 line emission with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (ASTE) 10 m telescope in 2010-2011. The water fountain sources are evolved stars that form high-velocity collimated jets traced by water maser emission. The CO line was detected only from IRAS 16342-3814. The present work confirmed that the ^{12}CO to ^{13}CO line intensity ratio is ~1.5 at the systemic velocity. We discuss the origins of the very low ^{12}CO to ^{13}CO intensity ratio, as possible evidence for the "hot-bottom burning" in an oxygen-rich star, and the CO intensity variation in IRAS 16342-3814.

Imai, Hiroshi; He, Jin-Hua; Nakashima, Jun-ichi; Hsia, Chih-Hao; Sakai, Takeshi; Deguchi, Shuji; Koning, Nico

2012-01-01

183

Nautical Radar Measurements in Europe: Applications of WaMoS II as a Sensor for Sea State, Current and Bathymetry  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents the remote sensing techniques of measuring sea states, currents and bathymetry by using an X-band nautical radar. It briefly describes the fundamental methods to infer sea state information (e.g. ocean wave and current parameters) from nautical radar imagery. In addition, this work describes in detail the performance of the Wave Monitoring System WaMoS II (a commercial system for real-time monitoring of wave fields based on nautical radar technology). Two examples of nauti...

Hessner, Katrin; Nieto-borge, Jose Carlos; Bell, Paul

2008-01-01

184

Transpiration, growth and latex production of a Hevea brasiliensis stand facing drought in Northeast Thailand : the use of the WaNuLCAS model as an exploratory tool  

OpenAIRE

In order to get the benefit of the growing world demand for natural rubber, Hevea brasiliensis is increasingly planted in drought-prone areas, such as in the southern part of northeast Thailand. Modelling can be a useful approach in identifying key points of improvement for rubber tree cultivation in such waterlimited areas. The first objective of this study was to test the possibility of using the Water Nutrients and Light Capture in Agroforestry Systems (WaNuLCAS) model as an exploratory to...

Boithias, Laurie; Do, Frederic; Isarangkool Na Ayutthaya, Supat; Junjittakarn, Junyia; Siltecho, S.; Hammecker, Claude

2012-01-01

185

Geochemical and geophysical examination of submarine groundwater discharge and associated nutrient loading estimates into Lynch Cove, Hood Canal, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

Geochemical tracer data (i.e., 222Rn and four naturally occurring Ra isotopes), electromagnetic (EM) seepage meter results, and high-resolution, stationary electrical resistivity images were used to examine the bi-directional (i.e., submarine groundwater discharge and recharge) exchange of a coastal aquifer with seawater. Our study site for these experiments was Lynch Cove, the terminus of Hood Canal, WA, where fjord-like conditions dramatically limit water column circulation that can lead to recurring summer-time hypoxic events. In such a system a precise nutrient budget may be particularly sensitive to groundwater-derived nutrient loading. Shore-perpendicular time-series subsurface resistivity profiles show clear, decimeter-scale tidal modulation of the coastal aquifer in response to large, regional hydraulic gradients, hydrologically transmissive glacial terrain, and large (4-5 m) tidal amplitudes. A 5-day 222Rn time-series shows a strong inverse covariance between 222Rn activities (0.5-29 dpm L(-1)) and water level fluctuations, and provides compelling evidence for tidally modulated exchange of groundwater across the sediment/water interface. Mean Rn-derived submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) rates of 85 +/- 84 cm d(-1) agree closely in the timing and magnitude with EM seepage meter results that showed discharge during low tide and recharge during high tide events. To evaluate the importance of fresh versus saline SGD, Rn-derived SGD rates (as a proxy of total SGD) were compared to excess 226Ra-derived SGD rates (as a proxy for the saline contribution of SGD). The calculated SGD rates, which include a significant (>80%) component of recycled seawater, are used to estimate associated nutrient (NH4+, Si, PO4(3-), NO3 + NO2, TDN) loads to Lynch Cove. The dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN = NH4 + NO2 + NO3) SGD loading estimate of 5.9 x 10(4) mol d(-1) is 1-2 orders of magnitude larger than similar estimates derived from atmospheric deposition and surface water runoff, respectively. PMID:17993143

Swarzenski, Peter W; Simonds, F William; Paulson, Anthony J; Kruse, Sarah; Reich, Chris

2007-10-15

186

Formulation and Characterization of LX-17-2 from new FK 800 binder and WA, ATK, and BAE TATBs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Currently LLNL has no Kel-F 800 or wet-aminated TATB reserves for formulation. Although both materials are soon to be commercially available, their synthesis processes have changed and the explosive must be re-evaluated. In 2000 3M phased out the uses of perfluorooctanoyl (C8) derivatives due to environmental persistence and bioaccumulation issues. A C8 derivative was used as an emulsifier for making Kel F-800. In 2001 Kel F-800 was scheduled to be discontinued and the last Kel F-800 run was made in early 2002. LANL ordered 2M$ worth of Kel-F 800 for reserves and Pantex purchased several hundred pounds to satisfy mock needs. After four years, 3M has decided to introduce a Kel-F 800-like polymer based on a new emulsifier using the same chlorotrifluoroethylene and vinylidene fluoride monomers and emulsion polymerization process. They have produced 3 batches and claim the 'new' FK-800 is indistinguishable from the 'old' Kel-F 800 in any of their testing parameters. In June-July 2006 3M scaled up a batch of about 800 pounds and have test quantities available. We have samples of the new FK-800 for evaluation. Neither wet nor dry-aminated TATB has been synthesized in the US in any significant quantity since about 1985 and significant quantities of LX-17-1 has not been formulated since about 1990. Over the last few years as part of a DOD MANTECH, ATK Thiokol and BAE Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HAAP) have produced moderate quantities of TATB ({approx}5 kg batches) with plans to scale up for DOD applications. Thiokol TATB is polycrystalline with an average particle size of about 40 m (similar to WA TATB) but HAAP TATB is only 5-6 {micro}m (similar to ultrafine). We have obtained small quantities of these materials for evaluation. The project (1) compares new FK-800 with old Kel-F 800 and FK-800 lots currently available at LLNL, (2) compares and characterizes new TATB with old TATB, (3) formulates new FK-800 with wet-aminated TATB and new TATBs in according to HAAP slurry coating procedure into LX-17-2, and (4) evaluates the mechanical and detonation performance characteristics of this insensitive high explosive (IHE). Priorities are to prove that these new materials can be formulated, pressed to density and machined; and that they contain no impurities which might cause compatibility issues. Since 3M, LANL, Pantex and AWE are currently evaluating the new FK-800, we plan to share data rather than repeating their work. Our effort is described.

DePiero, S C; Hoffman, D M

2007-08-03

187

At WA9  

CERN Multimedia

The Clermont-Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon- Uppsala Collaboration set-up this experiment in the H3 beam of the West Hall for a high precision study of elastic scattering of negative pions on protons, in the Coulomb interference region, in the energy region between 30 and 140 GeV. Here, on the left, centre, the proton recoil spectrometer IKAR which consisted of a ionization chamber filled with hydrogen at 1000 kPa, the gas serving both as target and ionization medium. The experiment also included a forward MWPC spectrometer. On the right, Tord Ekelöf.

1977-01-01

188

ADSORPTION TECHNOLOGIES - EVERETT, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The presentation provides an overview of adsorptive media technology for the removal of arsenic from drinking water. The presentation is divided into four topics: Technology, Application, Design and Operation. Each topic is discussed in general and a number of photographs from th...

189

Ground penetrating radar: 2-D and 3-D subsurface imaging of a coastal barrier spit, Long Beach, WA, USA  

Science.gov (United States)

The ability to effectively interpret and reconstruct geomorphic environments has been significantly aided by the subsurface imaging capabilities of ground penetrating radar (GPR). The GPR method, which is based on the propagation and reflection of pulsed high frequency electromagnetic energy, provides high resolution (cm to m scale) and shallow subsurface (0-60 m), near continuous profiles of many coarser-grained deposits (sediments of low electrical conductivity). This paper presents 2-D and 3-D GPR results from an experiment on a regressive modern barrier spit at Willapa Bay, WA, USA. The medium-grained sand spit is 38 km long, up to 2-3.5 km wide, and is influenced by a 3.7-m tidal range (spring) as well as high energy longshore transport and high wave energy depositional processes. The spit has a freshwater aquifer recharged by rainfall. The GPR acquisition system used for the test was a portable, digital pulseEKKO™ system with antennae frequency ranging from 25 to 200 MHz and transmitter voltages ranging from 400 to 1000 V. Step sizes and antennae separation varied depending on the test requirements. In addition, 100-MHz antennae were used for conducting antennae orientation tests and collecting a detailed grid of data (50×50 m sampled every meter). The 2-D digital profiles were processed and plotted using pulseEKKO™ software. The 3-D datasets, after initial processing, were entered into a LANDMARK™ workstation that allowed for unique 3-D perspectives of the subsurface. To provide depth, near-surface velocity measurements were calculated from common midpoint (CMP) surveys. Results from the present study demonstrate higher resolution from the 200-MHz antennae for the top 5-6 m, whereas the 25- and 50-MHz antennae show deeper penetration to >10 m. For the study site, 100-MHz antennae provided acceptable resolution, continuity of reflections, and penetration. The dip profiles show a shingle-like accretionary depositional pattern, whereas strike profiles show a horizontal and subhorizontal, nearly continuous reflection pattern. Results from the GPR experiment reveal upper shoreface reflections with dip towards the ocean at about 1-2°. The loss of signal from below a depth of 6-8 m indicates a lithofacies change because of the storm wave base. The parallel broadside and perpendicular broadside antennae orientation tests show detailed stratigraphy, continuity, and depth of penetration. The cross-polarization test exhibits reduced continuity of reflections and less depth of penetration, but dipping reflections are apparent. The grid pattern data provided a detailed view of 3-D geometry of individual reflections. High quality data were obtained, processed, and directly exported into a LANDMARK™ workstation for interpretation. The resulting interpretations of the upper shoreface beds from the test cube (50×50 m; total 2600 traces) are shown as vertical sections (slices), horizontal sections (time slices), contour maps, 3-D representations of individual beds, and an isopach map. The 3-D depositional framework allows a more detailed interpretation than widely spaced 2-D profiles.

Jol, Harry M.; Lawton, Don C.; Smith, Derald G.

2003-07-01

190

A Search for CO(J=3-2) Emission from the Host Galaxy of GRB 980425 with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment  

CERN Document Server

We report on a deep search for CO(J=3-2) line emission from the host galaxy of GRB 980425 with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (ASTE). We observed five points of the galaxy covering the entire region. After combining all of the spectra, we obtained a global spectrum with the rms noise level of 3.3 mK in T_mb scale at a velocity resolution of 10 km s^-1. No significant emission was detected, though we find a marginal emission feature in the velocity range corresponding to the redshift of the galaxy. We derive 3 sigma upper limits on the global properties: the velocity-integrated CO(3-2) intensity of I_CO(3-2) < 0.26 K km s^-1 by adopting a velocity width of 67 km s^-1; the H_2 column density of N(H_2) < 3 x 10^20 cm^-2; the molecular gas mass of M(H_2) < 3 x 10^8 M_sun, by assuming a CO line luminosity to H_2 molecular gas mass conversion factor of X_CO = 5.0 x 10^20 cm^-2 (K km s^-1)^-1; and the star formation rate of SFR < 0.1 M_sun yr^-1, based on the Schmidt law. The SFR is consi...

Hatsukade, Bunyo; Endo, Akira; Tosaki, Tomoka; Ohta, Kouji; Sakamoto, Seiichi; Kawai, Nobuyuki; Cortes, Juan R; Nakanishi, Kouichiro; Okuda, Takeshi; Muraoka, Kazuyuki; Sakai, Takeshi; Vreeswijk, Paul M; Ezawa, Hajime; Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki; Kamegai, Kazuhisa; Kawabe, Ryohei

2007-01-01

191

High resolution observations of HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 in the disk and outflow of Mrk231 -Detection of vibrationally excited HCN in the warped nucleus  

CERN Document Server

We obtained high resolution (0."25 to 0."90) observations of HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 of the ultraluminous QSO galaxy Mrk231 with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. We find luminous HCN and HCO+ 3-2 emission in the main disk and we detect compact (r350 pc) line wings are found for HCN 3-2 with velocities +-750 km/s. Line ratios indicate that the emission is emerging in dense gas n=1e4 - 5e5 cm-3 of elevated HCN abundance X(HCN)=1e-8 to 1e-6. High X(HCN) also allows for the emission to originate in gas of more moderate density. We tentatively detect nuclear emission from the reactive ion HOC+ with HCO+/HOC+=10-20. The HCN v2=1f line emission is consistent with the notion of a hot, dusty, warped inner disk of Mrk231 where the v2=1f line is excited by bright mid-IR 14 micron continuum. We estimate the vibrational temperature T_vib to 200-400 K. We propose that 50% of the main HCN emission may have its excitation affected by the radiation field through IR pumping of the vibrational ground state. The HCN emission ...

Aalto, S; Muller, S; Winters, J M; Gonzalez-Alfonso, E; van der Werf, P; Henkel, C; Costagliola, F; Neri, R

2014-01-01

192

Corrosion Properties of Duplex Stainless Steels - STS329LD and STS329J3L - for the Seawater Systems in Nuclear Power Plant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Lean duplex stainless steels have been developed in Korea for the purpose of being used in the seawater systems of industry. There are also many important seawater systems in nuclear power plants. These systems supply seawater to cooling water condenser tubes, heat exchanger tubes, related pipes and chlorine injection systems. The flow velocity of some part of seawater systems in nuclear power plants is high and damages of components from corrosion are severe. The considered lean duplex stainless steels are STS329LD (20.3Cr-2.2Ni-1.4Mo) and STS329J3L (22.4Cr-5.7Ni-3Mo) and PRENs of them are 29.4 and 37.3 respectively. Physical, mechanical and micro-structural properties of them are evaluated, and electrochemical corrosion resistance is measured quantitatively in NaCl solution. Critical Pitting Temperatures (CPT)s are measured on these alloys and pit depths are evaluated using laser microscope. Long period field tests on these alloys are now being performed, and some results are going to be presented in the following study

193

The Importance of Oral Tradition in Ngugi WA Thiongo’s Writings:A Critical Analysis of the River between and Petals of Blood  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study is to examine the stylistic and thematic functions of forms of the oral tradition in Ngugi Wa Thiongo’s writings through a critical analysis of The River Between and Petals of Blood. This has become necessary because to some readers and critics, the use of elements of the oral tradition in any literary work by an African writer leads invariably to the achievement of one objective_ giving an African colour or identity to the literary piece. The contribution of forms of the oral tradition such as myths, legends, songs, proverbs and rituals to the themes, philosophies, style and the writer’s commitment to a particular cause are often overlooked.

Confidence Gbolo Sanka

2014-01-01

194

The conflicts and dialogues among techno-developmental, ecological, and indigenous paradigms in a globalized modernity: A case study of the U'wa people's resistance against oil development in Colombia  

Science.gov (United States)

The literature regarding indigenous eco-politics often provides only a partial explanation about interactions among indigenous peoples, environmental NGOs, and players of resource extraction activities. The dissertation argues that previous studies often fossilize indigenous people in time and space by treating them and their worldviews as static. Against this background, the dissertation draws on paradigm analysis and demonstrates how this approach can help tease out the dynamism and complexity inherent to the interactions between paradigm actors, thus helping us reanalyze indigenous peoples and their paradigms as dynamic and evolving venues for creative possibilities. Extensive literature review and field observation are utilized to examine the case study of interactions among the U'wa, environmental NGOs, Occidental Petroleum, Ecopetrol, and the Colombian government. The case study reveals that oil development activities have heralded sharp conflicts among various paradigm actors. It shows how such conflicts and ensuing dialogues among paradigm actors have led to paradigm changes over time and across scales of organization. We find that the U'wa indigenous paradigm poses a legal, political, and cultural challenge to the techno-developmental paradigm of oil development. We find further that paradigm conflicts are both opportunities and challenges for the U'wa to engage with the modern legal system of Colombia. The case study also reveals that complementarities between paradigms are useful starting points for coalitions between the U'wa and environmental NGOs. The ability to cross scales of socio-political organization enabled by modern communication technologies has helped the U'wa and environmental NGOs to successfully challenge the dominant paradigm and its resource extraction activities. However, it also shows that additional political conditions are necessary for successful coalitions between two actors. The case study demonstrates that the U'wa's contemporary reality denies a static image. Therefore, the case study suggests that conventional understanding of the U'wa people and their indigenous paradigm should be re-evaluated. In conclusion, we find that interactions among different paradigm actors are multi-dimensional, dynamic, and complex in character. As economic and political circumstances change, so do practices of each paradigm holder, where the paradigms themselves become dynamic and malleable rather than remaining static. Thus, we need to constantly reanalyze and decode paradigms in order to capture the dynamism and fully grasp contemporary indigenous eco-politics.

Lee, Taehwa

195

Changes in fish communities following recolonization of the Cedar river, Wa, USA by Pacific salmon after 103 years of local extirpation  

Science.gov (United States)

Migration barriers are a major reason for species loss and population decline of freshwater organisms. Significant efforts have been made to remove or provide passage around these barriers; however, our understanding of the ecological effects of these efforts is minimal. Installation of a fish passage facility at the Landsburg Dam, WA, USA provided migratory fish access to habitat from which they had been excluded for over 100 years. Relying on voluntary recruitment, we examined the effectiveness of this facility in restoring coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch) salmon populations above the diversion, and whether reintroduction of native anadromous species affected the distribution and abundance of resident trout (O. mykiss and O. clarki). Before the ladder, late summer total salmonid (trout only) density increased with distance from the dam. This pattern was reversed after the ladder was opened, as total salmonid density (salmon {thorn} trout) approximately doubled in the three reaches closest to the dam. These changes were primarily due to the addition of coho, but small trout density also increased in lower reaches and decreased in upper reaches. A nearby source population, dispersal by adults and juveniles, low density of resident trout and high quality habitat above the barrier likely promoted rapid colonization of targeted species. Our results suggest that barrier removal creates an opportunity for migratory species to re-establish populations leading to range expansion and potentially to increased population size. ?? 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Kiffney, P.M.; Pess, G.R.; Anderson, J.H.; Faulds, P.; Burton, K.; Riley, S.C.

2009-01-01

196

Characterization of the environmental fate of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kaurstaki (Btk) after pest eradication efforts in Seattle, WA and Fairfax county, VA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Understanding the fate of biological agents in the environment will be critical to recovery and restoration efforts after a biological attack. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is conducting experiments in the Seattle, WA and Fairfax County, VA areas to study agent fate in urban environments. As part of their gypsy moth suppression efforts, Washington State and Fairfax County have sprayed Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (Btk), a common organic pesticide for decades. Many of the spray zones have been in or near urban areas. LANL has collected surface and bulk samples from historical Seattle spray zones to characterize how long Btk persists at detectable levels in the environment, and how long it remains viable in different environmental matrices. This work will attempt to address three questions. First, how long does the agent remain viable at detectable levels? Second, what is the approximate magnitude and duration of resuspension? And third, does the agent transport into buildings? Data designed to address the first question will be presented. Preliminary results indicate Btk remains viable in the environment for at least two years.

Ticknor, Lawrence [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van Cuyk, Sheila M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Deshpande, Alina [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Omberg, Kristin M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01

197

Identifying Pathfinder Elements for Gold in Multi-Element Soil Geochemical Data from the Wa-Lawra Belt, Northwest Ghana: A Multivariate Statistical Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A multivariate statistical analysis was performed on multi-element soil geochemical data from the Koda Hill-Bulenga gold prospects in the Wa-Lawra gold belt, northwest Ghana. The objectives of the study were to define gold relationships with other trace elements to determine possible pathfinder elements for gold from the soil geochemical data. The study focused on seven elements, namely, Au, Fe, Pb, Mn, Ag, As and Cu. Factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were performed on the analyzed samples. Factor analysis explained 79.093% of the total variance of the data through three factors. This had the gold factor being factor 3, having associations of copper, iron, lead and manganese and accounting for 20.903% of the total variance. From hierarchical clustering, gold was also observed to be clustering with lead, copper, arsenic and silver. There was further indication that, gold concentrations were lower than that of its associations. It can be inferred from the results that, the occurrence of gold and its associated elements can be linked to both primary dispersion from underlying rocks and secondary processes such as lateritization. This data shows that Fe and Mn strongly associated with gold, and alongside Pb, Ag, As and Cu, these elements can be used as pathfinders for gold in the area, with ferruginous zones as targets.

John Mahfouz Asigri

2012-02-01

198

1999 BPA habitat projects completed within the Asotin Creek Watershed, WA; Ridge-Top to Ridge-Top Habitat Projects; 1999 BPA Completion Report - January 2000  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Asotin Creek Model Watershed Program (ACMWP) is the primary entity coordinating habitat projects on both private and public lands within the Asotin Creek watershed. The Asotin Creek watershed covers approximately 325 square miles in the Blue Mountains of southeastern Washington in WRIA 35. According to WDFW's Priority WRIA's by At-Risk Stock Significance Map, it is the highest priority in southeastern WA. Snake River spring chinook salmon, summer steelhead and bull trout, which are listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), are present in the watershed. The ACMWP began coordinating habitat projects in 1995. Approximately two hundred seventy-six projects have been implemented through the ACMWP as of 1999. Twenty of these projects were funded in part through Bonneville Power Administration's 1999 Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. These projects used a variety of methods to enhance and protect watershed conditions. In-stream work for fish habitat included construction of hard structures (e.g. vortex rock weirs), meander reconstruction, placement of large woody debris (LWD) and whole trees and improvements to off-channel rearing habitat; thirty-eight were created with these structures. Three miles of stream benefited from riparian improvements such as vegetative plantings (17,000 trees and shrubs) and noxious weed control. Two sediment basin constructions, 67 acres of grass seeding, and seven hundred forty-five acres of minimum till were implemented to redes of minimum till were implemented to reduce sediment production and delivery to streams in the watershed

199

Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (Kd) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Qmax based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 deg. C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process.

200

Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J.  

Science.gov (United States)

It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (K(d)) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Q(max) based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 degrees C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process. PMID:20346581

Shen, Shaobo; Pan, Tonglin; Liu, Xinqiang; Yuan, Lei; Wang, Jinchao; Zhang, Yongjian; Guo, Zhanchen

2010-07-15

201

The Tomato 14-3-3 protein TFT4 modulates H+ efflux, basipetal auxin transport, and the PKS5-J3 pathway in the root growth response to alkaline stress.  

Science.gov (United States)

Alkaline stress is a common environmental stress, in particular in salinized soils. Plant roots respond to a variety of soil stresses by regulating their growth, but the nature of the regulatory pathways engaged in the alkaline stress response (ASR) is not yet understood. Previous studies show that PIN-FORMED2, an auxin (indole-3-acetic acid [IAA]) efflux transporter, PKS5, a protein kinase, and DNAJ HOMOLOG3 (J3), a chaperone, play key roles in root H(+) secretion by regulating plasma membrane (PM) H(+)-ATPases directly or by targeting 14-3-3 proteins. Here, we investigated the expression of all 14-3-3 gene family members (TOMATO 14-3-3 PROTEIN1 [TFT1]-TFT12) in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) under ASR, showing the involvement of four of them, TFT1, TFT4, TFT6, and TFT7. When these genes were separately introduced into Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and overexpressed, only the growth of TFT4 overexpressors was significantly enhanced when compared with the wild type under stress. H(+) efflux and the activity of PM H(+)-ATPase were significantly enhanced in the root tips of TFT4 overexpressors. Microarray analysis and pharmacological examination of the overexpressor and mutant plants revealed that overexpression of TFT4 maintains primary root elongation by modulating PM H(+)-ATPase-mediated H(+) efflux and basipetal IAA transport in root tips under alkaline stress. TFT4 further plays important roles in the PKS5-J3 signaling pathway. Our study demonstrates that TFT4 acts as a regulator in the integration of H(+) efflux, basipetal IAA transport, and the PKS5-J3 pathway in the ASR of roots and coordinates root apex responses to alkaline stress for the maintenance of primary root elongation. PMID:24134886

Xu, Weifeng; Jia, Liguo; Shi, Weiming; Baluska, Frantisek; Kronzucker, Herbert J; Liang, Jiansheng; Zhang, Jianhua

2013-12-01

202

Warm and Dense Molecular Gas in the N159 Region: 12CO J=4-3 and 13CO J=3-2 Observations with NANTEN2 and ASTE  

OpenAIRE

New 12CO J=4-3 and 13CO J=3-2 observations of the N159 region in the Large Magellanic Cloud have been made. The 12CO J=4-3 distribution is separated into three clumps. These new measurements toward the three clumps are used in coupled calculations of molecular rotational excitation and line radiation transfer, along with other transitions of the 12CO as well as the isotope transitions of 13CO. The temperatures and densities are determined to be ~70-80K and ~3x10^3 cm-3 in N1...

Mizuno, Yoji; Kawamura, Akiko; Onishi, Toshikazu; Minamidani, Tetsuhiro; Muller, Erik; Yamamoto, Hiroaki; Hayakawa, Takahiro; Mizuno, Norikazu; Mizuno, Akira; Stutzki, Jurgen; Pineda, Jorge L.; Klein, Uli; Bertoldi, Frank; Koo, Bon-chul; Rubio, Monica

2009-01-01

203

Radioactivity Assessment of Natural and Artificial Radionuclides in Soil Samples from Tha Phae, La-ngu and Thung Wa Districts in Satun Province, Thailand  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Specific activities of natural (238U, 226Ra, 232Th and 40K) and artificial anthropogenic (137Cs) radionuclides in 65 soil samples collected from Tha Phae, La-ngu and Thung Wa Districts in Satun province have been measured and analyzed. Experimental results were obtained by using a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector and gamma spectrometry analysis system. Experimental set-up and measurement were carried out at Nuclear and Material Physics Laboratory in Department of Physics Faculty of Science Thaksin University Songkhla Campus. The counting time for each sample was 10,800 seconds or 3 hours. It was found that the soil specific activities ranged from 0.00 to 11608.87 Bq/kg for 40K, 0.00 to 352.57 Bq/kg for 226Ra, 0.00 to 123.28 Bq/kg for 232Th and 0.00 to 16.28 Bq/kg for 137Cs with mean values of 3,248.96 ± 231.32 Bq/kg, 71.35 ± 5.97 Bq/kg, 53.59 ± 2.14 Bq/kg, and 0.68 ± 0.19 Bq/kg, respectively. Furthermore, the results were used to evaluate the absorbed dose rates in air (D), the radium equivalent (Raeq), the external hazard index (Hex) and the annual effective dose rate (AED) for this area. Moreover, the experimental results were compared to the previous data of the Office of Atoms for Peace (OAP). Thailand and global radioactivity measurements and evaluation, including the proposed recommended values the Organization for Economicd values the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD, 1979) and the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation

204

Molecular and Phenetic Characterization of the Bacterial Assemblage of Hot Lake, WA, an Environment with High Concentrations of Magnesium Sulfate, and Its Relevance to Mars.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hot Lake (Oroville, WA) is an athalassohaline epsomite lake that can have precipitating concentrations of MgSO4 salts, mainly epsomite. Little biotic study has been done on epsomite lakes and it was unclear whether microbes isolated from epsomite lakes and their margins would fall within recognized halotolerant genera, common soil genera, or novel phyla. Our initial study cultivated and characterized epsotolerant bacteria from the lake and its margins. Approximately 100 aerobic heterotrophic microbial isolates were obtained by repetitive streak-plating in high-salt media including either 10% NaCl or 2 M MgSO4. The collected isolates were all bacteria, nearly evenly divided between Gram-positive and Gram-negative clades, the most abundant genera being Halomonas, Idiomarina, Marinobacter, Marinococcus, Nesterenkonia, Nocardiopsis, and Planococcus. Bacillus, Corynebacterium, Exiguobacterium, Kocuria, and Staphylococcus also were cultured. This initial study included culture-independent community analysis of direct DNA extracts of lake margin soil using PCR-based clone libraries and 16S rRNA gene phylogeny. Clones assigned Gram-positive bacterial clades (70% of total clones) were dominated by sequences related to uncultured actinobacteria. There were abundant Deltaproteobacteria clones related to bacterial sulfur metabolisms and clones of Legionella and Coxiella. These epsomite lake microbial communities seem to be divided between bacteria primarily associated with hyperhaline environments rich in NaCl and salinotolerant relatives of common soil organisms. Archaea appear to be in low abundance and none were isolated, despite near-saturated salinities. Growth of microbes at very high concentrations of magnesium and other sulfates has relevance to planetary protection and life-detection missions to Mars, where scant liquid water may form as deliquescent brines and appear as eutectic liquids. PMID:24748851

Kilmer, Brian R; Eberl, Timothy C; Cunderla, Brent; Chen, Fei; Clark, Benton C; Schneegurt, Mark A

2014-01-01

205

Molecular and phenetic characterization of the bacterial assemblage of Hot Lake, WA, an environment with high concentrations of magnesium sulphate, and its relevance to Mars  

Science.gov (United States)

Hot Lake (Oroville, WA) is an athalassohaline epsomite lake that can have precipitating concentrations of MgSO4 salts, mainly epsomite. Little biotic study has been done on epsomite lakes and it was unclear whether microbes isolated from epsomite lakes and their margins would fall within recognized halotolerant genera, common soil genera or novel phyla. Our initial study cultivated and characterized epsotolerant bacteria from the lake and its margins. Approximately 100 aerobic heterotrophic microbial isolates were obtained by repetitive streak-plating in high-salt media including either 10% NaCl or 2 M MgSO4. The collected isolates were all bacteria, nearly evenly divided between Gram-positive and Gram-negative clades, the most abundant genera being Halomonas, Idiomarina, Marinobacter, Marinococcus, Nesterenkonia, Nocardiopsis and Planococcus. Bacillus, Corynebacterium, Exiguobacterium, Kocuria and Staphylococcus also were cultured. This initial study included culture-independent community analysis of direct DNA extracts of lake margin soil using PCR-based clone libraries and 16S rRNA gene phylogeny. Clones assigned to Gram-positive bacterial clades (70% of total clones) were dominated by sequences related to uncultured actinobacteria. There were abundant Deltaproteobacteria clones related to bacterial sulphur metabolisms and clones of Legionella and Coxiella. These epsomite lake microbial communities seem to be divided between bacteria primarily associated with hyperhaline environments rich in NaCl and salinotolerant relatives of common soil organisms. Archaea appear to be in low abundance and none were isolated, despite near-saturated salinities. Growth of microbes at very high concentrations of magnesium and other sulphates has relevance to planetary protection and life-detection missions to Mars, where scant liquid water may form as deliquescent brines and appear as eutectic liquids.

Kilmer, Brian R.; Eberl, Timothy C.; Cunderla, Brent; Chen, Fei; Clark, Benton C.; Schneegurt, Mark A.

2014-01-01

206

A mapping study of L1174 with 13CO J=2-1 and 12CO J=3-2: star formation triggered by a Herbig Ae/Be star  

CERN Document Server

We have carried out a comprehensive study of the molecular conditions and star-forming activities in dark cloud L1174 with multi-wavelength data. Mapping observations of L1174 in $^{13}$CO $J=2-1$ and $^{12}$CO $J=3-2$ were performed using the KOSMA 3-meter telescope. Six molecular cores with masses ranging from 5 to 31 $M_\\odot$ and sizes ranging from 0.17 to 0.39 pc are resolved. Large area ahead of a Herbig Be star, HD 200775, is in expanding and core 1 is with collapse signature. Large line widths of $^{13}$CO $J=2-1$ indicate the ubiquity of turbulent motions in this region. Spectra of $^{12}$CO $J=3-2$ prevalently show conspicuously asymmetric double-peaked profiles. In a large area, red-skewed profiles are detected and suggestive of a scenario of global expansion. There is a large cavity around the Herbig Be star HD 200775, the brightest star in L1174. The gas around the cavity has been severely compressed by the stellar winds from HD 200775. Feedbacks from HD 200775 may have helped form the molecular ...

Yuan, Jing-Hua; Li, Jin Zeng; Yu, Wentao; Miller, Martin

2012-01-01

207

Sub-millimeter Observations of Giant Molecular Clouds in the Large Magellanic Cloud: Temperature and Density as Determined from J=3-2 and J=1-0 transitions of CO  

CERN Document Server

We have carried out sub-mm 12CO(J=3-2) observations of 6 giant molecular clouds (GMCs) in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) with the ASTE 10m sub-mm telescope at a spatial resolution of 5 pc and very high sensitivity. We have identified 32 molecular clumps in the GMCs and revealed significant details of the warm and dense molecular gas with n(H2) $\\sim$ 10$^{3-5}$ cm$^{-3}$ and Tkin $\\sim$ 60 K. These data are combined with 12CO(J=1-0) and 13CO(J=1-0) results and compared with LVG calculations. We found that the ratio of 12CO(J=3-2) to 12CO(J=1-0) emission is sensitive to and is well correlated with the local Halpha flux. We interpret that differences of clump propeties represent an evolutionary sequence of GMCs in terms of density increase leading to star formation.Type I and II GMCs (starless GMCs and GMCs with HII regions only, respectively) are at the young phase of star formation where density does not yet become high enough to show active star formation and Type III GMCs (GMCs with HII regions and young ...

Minamidani, T; Mizuno, Y; Kawamura, A; Onishi, T; Hasegawa, T; Tatematsu, K; Ikeda, M; Moriguchi, Y; Yamaguchi, N; Ott, J; Wong, T; Müller, E; Pineda, J L; Hughes, A; Staveley-Smith, L; Klein, U; Mizuno, A; NikoliÄ?, S; Booth, R S; Heikkilä, A; Nyman, L -A; Lerner, M; Garay, G; Kim, S; Fujishita, M; Kawase, T; Rubio, M; Fukui, Y

2007-01-01

208

Utata wa kutumia lugha kama Kibainishi cha utambulisho wa mzungumzaji  

OpenAIRE

This paper discusses the problems caused by the linguistic features used by speakers as the basis of determining their social identity. The concept of identity is broad and closely related with socio-cultural and eco-spheres environment of the speakers. The speaker’s identity is determined by employing both social and linguistic features in the overall analysis. The linguistic features include the whole range of language use, from phonetic features to lexical units, syntactic structures and...

Msanjila, Yohana P.

2012-01-01

209

Long-term controls of soil organic carbon with depth and time: a case study from the Cowlitz River Chronosequence, WA USA  

Science.gov (United States)

Over timescales of soil development (millennia), the capacity of soils to stabilize soil organic carbon (SOC) is linked to soil development through changes in soil mineralogy and other soil properties. In this study, an extensive dataset of soil profile chemistry and mineralogy is compiled from the Cowlitz River Chronosequence (CRC), WA USA. The CRC soils range in age from 0.25 to 1200 kyr, spanning a developmental gradient encompassing clear changes in soil mineralogy, chemistry, and surface area. Comparison of these and other metrics of soil development with SOC properties reveal several relationships that may be diagnostic of the long-term coupling of soil development and C cycling. Specifically, SOC content was significantly correlated with sodium pyrophosphate extractable metals emphasizing the relevance of organo-metal complexes in volcanic soils. The depth distributions of organo-metals and other secondary weathering products, including the kaolin and short-range order (SRO) minerals, support the so-called “binary composition” of volcanic soils. The formation of organo-metal complexes limits the accumulation of secondary minerals in shallow soils, whereas in deep soils with lower SOC content, secondary minerals accumulate. In the CRC soils, secondary minerals formed in deep soils (below 50 cm) including smectite, allophane, Fe-oxides and dominated by the kaolin mineral halloysite. The abundance of halloysite was significantly correlated with bulk soil surface area and 14C content (a proxy for the mean age of SOC), implying enhanced stability of C in deep soils. Allophane, an SRO mineral commonly associated with SOC storage, was not correlated with SOC content or 14C values in CRC soils. We propose conceptual framework to describe these observations based on a general understanding of pedogenesis in volcanic soils, where SOC cycling is coupled with soil development through the formation of and fate of organo-metal or other mobile weathering products. This framework highlights interactions between SOC and soil development, which may be applicable to other soils where organic inputs interact with the products of chemical weathering.

Lawrence, Corey R.; Harden, Jennifer W.; Xu, Xiaomei; Schulz, Marjorie S.; Trumbore, Susan E.

2015-01-01

210

Characterization of Sheet Fracture Patterns in Polygonal-Jointed Lavas at Kokostick Butte, OR, and Mazama Ridge, WA: Investigation and Interpretation of Their Formation and Significance  

Science.gov (United States)

Polygonal joints in lava flows ("columns") are commonly equant leading to a model of formation associated with cooling in an isotropic stress field. This model, however, does not explain rectangular columns, sheet-like fractures, fractures with crosscutting relationships, and fractures with orientations other than perpendicular to the cooling surface. These fracture patterns are often observed at glaciated volcanoes. The presence of preferential fracture orientations suggests an applied stress component likely due to environmental conditions such as the presence of glaciers or flow dynamics such as down-slope settling or flow margin inflation. During this study we investigated the formation and significance of these non-equant fracture patterns to propose a model for their formation. These `abnormal' fracture patterns have not been discussed in the literature and may be important to better understanding the cooling conditions of such lava flows. To test these possibilities we studied Kokostick Butte dacite flow, OR (near South Sister), and Mazama Ridge andesite flow at Mount Rainier, WA. Both of these flows have well developed sheet-like fractures and display evidence of ice-contact during eruption and emplacement. Sheet fractures are long and continuous fractures that have perpendicular connecting fractures forming rectangular columns. The sheet-like fractures are largely parallel to each other on the exposure surface and the connecting fractures vary locally from primary fractures (associated with cooling toward flow interior) to secondary fractures (associated with cooling by water infiltration). Detailed measurements of fracture orientations and spacing were collected at Kokostick Butte and Mazama Ridge to examine the relationship between the sheet fractures and flow geometry. Preliminary results support this relationship and suggest these patterns likely form due to shear associated with small amounts of flow advance by the rapidly cooling lava. Laboratory studies have been undertaken to complement the field observations and measurements. Starch- water experiments have been proven a useful analogue for lava column formation. Various experimental setups involving different mixture thicknesses and compression of the mixture were utilized to simulate the stresses acting during ponding of lava against glacial ice and to produce different fracture morphologies and patterns. Initial results show that compression of the starch slurry results in non-equant fracture patterns with some sheet-like fracturing present.

Lodge, R. W.; Lescinsky, D. T.

2006-12-01

211

UV - OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Brewer 147 is located in Olympic NP, measuring ultraviolet solar radiation. Irradiance and column ozone are derived from this data. Ultraviolet solar radiation is measured with a Brewer Mark IV, single-monochrometer, spectrophotometer manufactured by SCI-TEC Instruments, Inc. of ...

212

Status of WA104/ICARUS  

CERN Document Server

The present status of the overhauling operations of the ICARUS T600 detector is reported. The T600 detectors are presently hosted at CERN, in building 185. All cryogenics and purification equipment has also been transported to CERN. The foreseen overhauling operation are proceeding according to the schedule with the expected completion in 2016. The T600 will be then transported to FNAL to start data taking with the Booster and NUMI neutrino beams.

WA104/ICARUS, Collaboration

2015-01-01

213

WA7 - View from downstream  

CERN Multimedia

With this set-up the Annecy (LAPP)-CERN-Copenhagen(Niels Bohr Institute)-Genova-Oslo-University College London Collaboration investigated large-angle elastic scattering of charged mesons and antiprotons on protons, first at 20 and 30 GeV/c, later at 50 GeV/c. The beam H1 (from top) passes two CEDAR counters (centre) before entering the one-metre long liquid hydrogen target, partly inside a magnet of 1.56 T, with a field volume of about 1.50x0.75x1.50 m3. In the foreground one sees on the left the hadron calorimeter of the 'slow' arm; on the right, are scintillation hodoscopes and behind them, a treshold Cerenkov counter of the 'fast' arm.

1977-01-01

214

Hydrogeologic Case Studies (Seattle, WA)  

Science.gov (United States)

Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

215

Boeing Aerospace Co., Seattle, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A two stage subharmonic injector has been installed and tested on the Boeing S band linac. The injector is designed as a prototype front end for a high voltage linac for free electron laser research. This accelerator will require long macropulse trains of widely spaced high current micropulses. Single micropulse output beams of 1-2 nC, 10 ps width, 1% full width energy spread and normalized emittance of epsilon/sub n/ = ???rphi = 0.01 cm-rad have been measured. The data are in good agreement with model predictions

216

Polarization effects in the ionization cross section for collisions of Ne/(2p)/sup 5/(3p);J = 3/ with Ar: A sensitive probe for ''locking'' phenomena  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At a collision energy E = 0.1 eV we see a large polarization effect Q/sub ion//sup *//sup M//sup >//sup j/* = 0,1$/Q/sub ion//sup M//sup >//sup j/* = 3$ = 2.5, decreasing to 1.4 for E?1 eV. A two-state basis is used for the autoionization width of the ? and ? orientations of the (2p)/sup -1/ core hole, resulting in a preference for the ? = 0,1 molecular states as seen at 0.1 eV. The energy dependence is due to the decrease of ''locking'' of J to the internuclear axis with increasing angular velocity phi, leading to the semiclassical criterion ?/sub prec/ = 4phi for the transition from a space-fixed to a body-fixed description of J

217

RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3: a JAERI improved version of RELAP4/MOD6 for transient thermal-hydraulic analysis of LWR including effects of BWR core spray  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code is the latest version of RELAP4/MOD6/Update4 improved in JAERI. The major improvements and modifications included in this version have been carried out aiming at small break LOCA analysis and BWR-LOCA analysis after core spray initiation. For example, a CCFL calculation model and a spray heat transfer model have been added for BWR-LOCA analysis. Using these models, through calculation from the beginning of blowdown to the end of reflood in BWR-LOCA was made practicable. Furthermore, the analyses of operational transients of LWR were facilitated greatly by an addition of a trip reset function. In this report, the description of the improvements and modifications included in this version, the input data description, and the results of two sample problems are contained. (author)

218

How gender disparities drive imbalances in health care leadership  

OpenAIRE

Mary Ann Keogh Hoss1, Paula Bobrowski2, Kathryn J McDonagh3, Nancy M Paris41Health Services Administration, Eastern Washington University, College of Business and Public Administration, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Liberal Arts, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 3Executive Relations, Hospira Inc, Lake Forest, IL, USA; 4Georgia Center for Oncology Research and Education, Atlanta, GA, USAAbstract: Low female representation in US hospital chief executive officer positions has persisted for de...

Mak, Hoss; Bobrowski P; Kj, Mcdonagh; Nm, Paris

2011-01-01

219

Healing leadership: the serving leader's impact on patient outcomes in a clinical environment  

OpenAIRE

Chris Nagel1, Anthony C Andenoro21Medical Operations – Continuous Improvement, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; 2Department of Organizational Leadership, Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA, USAAbstract: The future of health care is a topic that has significant importance to patients and caregivers alike for generations to come. As the health care industry becomes more complex, leadership and the examination of how to most effectively apply it to meet efficiency standards and optimize t...

Andenoro A; Nagel C

2012-01-01

220

Association between Depressive Symptoms and Metabolic Syndrome in Police Officers: Results from Two Cross-Sectional Studies  

OpenAIRE

Policing is one of the most dangerous and stressful occupations and such stress can have deleterious effects on health. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) in male and female police officers from two study populations, Buffalo, NY and Spokane, WA. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale. MetSyn was defined using the 2005 AHA/NHBLI guidelines. Analysis ...

Hartley, Tara A.; Knox, Sarah S.; Desta Fekedulegn; Celestina Barbosa-Leiker; Violanti, John M.; Andrew, Michael E.; Burchfiel, Cecil M.

2012-01-01

221

The in vitro metabolism by homogenates of goldfish (Carassius auratus) liver of pentachloro-2-(chloromethyl sulphonamido) diphenyl ether, the major component and active ingredient of the mothproofing agent Eulan WA New.  

Science.gov (United States)

After dosing goldfish (Carassius auratus) for 2 hr with pentachloro-2-(chloromethyl sulphonamido) diphenyl ether, 6-PCSD, (the major component of the active ingredients of the mothproofing agent Eulan WA New) in the surrounding water, high concentrations of the corresponding amine pentachloro-2-aminodiphenyl ether, 5-PAD, were found in the liver. This suggests that the liver is a primary site of 5-PAD formation in vivo. Homogenates of goldfish liver showed a 5-PAD forming activity when incubated with 6-PCSD; this activity was destroyed by boiling the homogenate or by treatment with trypsin. The activity was greater at pH 7.4 than at pH 3, 5 or 9. There was no detectable corresponding activity in homogenates of goldfish spleen or digestive tissue or in the digestive tract contents. PMID:6146475

Machon, A; North, M J; Price, N C; Wells, D E

1984-01-01

222

Indépendances, trahison et rédemption : Judas dans le roman postcolonial. Figures du traître dans Les Phalènes de Tchicaya U Tam’si et A Grain of Wheat de Ngugi wa Thiong’o  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La figure de Judas est multiple au cœur même de la Bible. Entre Matthieu et Marc, les évangélistes et l’auteur des Actes des Apôtres , se construit une image complexe, voire contradictoire, que les dogmes successifs, qu’ils viennent de Rome ou d’ailleurs, n’ont pas su aplanir. Tchicaya U Tam’si dans Les Phalènes , et Ngugi wa Thiong’o dans A Grain of Wheat , jouent sur cette ambivalence pour mieux faire ressortir les problématiques qui émergent au moment où des États africains, le Congo-Brazzaville et le Kenya, sont sur le point d’accéder à l’indépendance. En confrontant les deux romans, nous avons voulu mettre en lumière le caractère inquiétant mais nécessaire de Judas, qui, par sa trahison, permet la renaissance.Even in the Bible, Judas is represented in disparate ways. The evangelists, especially Mathew and Marc, as well as the author of the Acts of the Apostles, all contribute to the elaboration of a complex character. This ambiguity, sometimes leading to contradiction, remains intact, resolved neither by the Roman Catholic Church, nor by any other christian confession. Tchicaya U Tam’si’s Les Phalènes andNgugi wa Thiong’o’s A Grain of Wheat both play on this ambivalence in order to highlight the emerging problematics related to the independance, of Congo Brazzaville and Kenya. The aim of this article is to illustrate the significance of Judas in these novels as a disturbing yet essential character whose treason leads to the Second Coming.

Pierre Leroux

2011-02-01

223

Warm and Dense Molecular Gas in the N159 Region: 12CO J=4-3 and 13CO J=3-2 Observations with NANTEN2 and ASTE  

CERN Document Server

New 12CO J=4-3 and 13CO J=3-2 observations of the N159 region in the Large Magellanic Cloud have been made. The 12CO J=4-3 distribution is separated into three clumps. These new measurements toward the three clumps are used in coupled calculations of molecular rotational excitation and line radiation transfer, along with other transitions of the 12CO as well as the isotope transitions of 13CO. The temperatures and densities are determined to be ~70-80K and ~3x10^3 cm-3 in N159W and N159E and ~30K and ~1.6x10^3 cm-3 in N159S. These results are compared with the star formation activity. The N159E clump is associated with embedded cluster(s) as observed at 24 micron and the derived high temperature is explained as due to the heating by these sources. The N159E clump is likely responsible for a dark lane in a large HII region by the dust extinction. The N159W clump is associated with embedded clusters mainly toward the eastern edge of the clump only. These clusters show offsets of 20"-40" from the 12CO J=4-3 peak...

Mizuno, Yoji; Onishi, Toshikazu; Minamidani, Tetsuhiro; Muller, Erik; Yamamoto, Hiroaki; Hayakawa, Takahiro; Mizuno, Norikazu; Mizuno, Akira; Stutzki, Jurgen; Pineda, Jorge L; Klein, Uli; Bertoldi, Frank; Koo, Bon-Chul; Rubio, Monica; Burton, Michael; Benz, Arnold; Ezawa, Hajime; Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki; Kohno, Kotaro; Hasegawa, Tetsuo; Tatematsu, Ken'ichi; Ikeda, Masafumi; Ott, Jurgen; Wong, Tony; Hughes, Annie; Meixner, Margaret; Indebetouw, Remy; Gordon, Karl D; Whitney, Barbara; Bernard, Jean-Philippe; Fukui, Yasuo

2009-01-01

224

Staff exchange with Spokane Intercollegiate Research and Technology Institute (SIRTI), final project report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Staff exchanges, such as the one described in this report, are intended to facilitate communication and collaboration among scientists and engineers at Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories, in U.S. industry, and academia. Funding support for these exchanges is provided by the DOE, Office of Energy Research, Laboratory Technology Transfer Program. Funding levels for each exchange typically range from $20,000 to $40,000. The exchanges offer the opportunity for the laboratories to transfer technology and expertise to industry, gain a perspective on industry`s problems, and develop the basis for further cooperative efforts through Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAS) or other mechanisms.

Alexander, G.M.

1994-12-01

225

Genetic data on nine STRs (CSF1PO, TPOX, THO1, F13AO1, FESFPS, vWA, D16S539, D7S820 and D13S317) and two VNTRs (D1S80 and D17S5) in Rosario population, Santa Fe Argentine.  

Science.gov (United States)

Allele frequencies for nine short tandem repeats (STRs) loci (CSF1PO, TPOX, THO1, F13AO1, FES/FPS, vWA, D16S539, D7S820 and D13S317) and two variable number tandem repeats (VNTRs) were obtained from a sample of 270 unrelated individuals born in the Rosario city, Santa Fe province of Argentina. PMID:15062960

Tenaglia, Mariano; Scollo, Adriana; Tripaldi, Regina; Grappiolo, Irene; Perichón, Armando M

2004-05-10

226

76 FR 18290 - Washington Disaster #WA-00032  

Science.gov (United States)

...announced locations. The following areas have been determined to be adversely affected by the disaster: Primary Counties: King, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lewis, Skagit, Skamania, Wahkiakum. The Interest Rates...

2011-04-01

227

GROUNDWATER DATA BOOMSNUB SITE - VANCOUVER, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

These data sets were assembled from data extracted from the EPA Laboratory data systems. It is the final product of an effort by the Data Management and Hydrogeology staff of the Office of Environmental Assessment, EPA Region 10, with critical support provided by Superfund ESAT c...

228

Explanation of IAEA EBP WA1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An outline of IAEA/ISSC/EBP activities was given and the relation of this WS to those activities was explained. Deep borehole seismic observation is one of the themes in Work Area 1, and the IAEA conveyed its expectation that this WS would lead to the creation of a supplemental document for seismic hazard evaluation to be included in IAEA guide SSG-9 (Seismic Hazards in Site Evaluation for Nuclear Installations). (author)

229

Incremental Risks of Transporting NARM to the LLW Disposal Facility at Hanford  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study models the incremental radiological risk of transporting NARM to the Hanford commercial LLW facility, both for incident-free transportation and for possible transportation accidents, compared with the radiological risk of transporting LLW to that facility. Transportation routes are modeled using HIGHWAY 3.1 and risks are modeled using RADTRAN 4. Both annual population doses and risks, and annual average individual doses and risks are reported. Three routes to the Hanford site were modeled from Albany, OR, from Coeur d'Alene, ID (called the Spokane route), and from Seattle, WA. Conservative estimates are used in the RADTRAN inputs, and RADTRAN itself is conservative

230

Criminal Victimization And Perceptions Of Community Safety In 12 Cities, 1998  

Science.gov (United States)

This report, recently released by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, provides city-level survey data on crime victimization in twelve US cities: Chicago, IL; Kansas City, MO; Knoxville, TN; Los Angeles, CA; Madison, WI; New York, NY; San Diego, CA; Savannah, GA; Spokane, WA; Springfield, MA; Tucson, AZ; and Washington, DC. The report presents data on community policing, the rates at which residents are victimized by crime, citizens' perceptions of crimes and their attitudes toward their community and local law enforcement agencies. The report is available in .pdf or ASCII format. Users may also download a compressed file (.zip) containing all the survey data spreadsheets (.wk1).

231

Updated Brazilian STR allele frequency data using over 100,000 individuals: an analysis of CSF1PO, D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D8S1179, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D21S11, FGA, Penta D, Penta E, TH01, TPOX and vWA loci.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Brazilian population is one of the most heterogeneous populations of the world, formed mainly by an admixture of European, African and Native American populations. Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world (8,511,960 km(2)), being divided into five geographical regions. This study provides population genetic data of up to 137,161 unrelated individuals representing the entire Brazilian territory. Allelic frequencies and other population data analysis are reported for the 15 autosomal STR loci included in the PowerPlex®16 kit (Promega Corporation, Madison, WI, USA). In order to guarantee that individuals were not related, we have considered only F1 data from couples undergoing paternity testing. The number of individuals genotyped for each locus was: CSF1PO (113,526); D3S1358 (135,133); D5S818 (135,181); D7S820 (137,136); D8S1179 (134,211); D13S317 (137,161); D16S539 (136,942); D18S51 (136,739); D21S11 (130,014); FGA (135,839); Penta D (110,333); Penta E (128,055); TH01 (112,695); TPOX (123,102); vWA (127,415). Allele sizes ranged from 1 to 48.2. Statistic parameters (PD, PIC and Ho; considering values ?0.75) suggest that markers D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D21S11, D7S820, D8S1179, Penta D, Penta E, TH01, FGA and vWA were more informative for genetic identification purposes in the Brazilian population. PMID:21813349

Aguiar, Vitor Rezende da Costa; Wolfgramm, Eldamária de Vargas; Malta, Frederico Scott Varella; Bosque, Adriana Gonçalves; Mafia, Amanda de Castro; Almeida, Vanessa Cristina de Oliveira; Caxito, Fabiola de Andrade; Pardini, Victor Cavalcanti; Ferreira, Alessandro Clayton Souza; Louro, Iúri Drumond

2012-07-01

232

Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2006-02-01

233

Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2003-2004 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2005-11-01

234

Refrigeration and Cryogenics Specialist. J3ABR54530  

Science.gov (United States)

This document package contains an Air Force course used to train refrigeration and cryogenics specialists. The course is organized in six blocks designed for group instruction. The blocks cover the following topics: electrical principles; fundamentals of tubing and piping; metering devices, motor controls, domestic and commercial refrigeration;…

Air Force Training Command, Sheppard AFB, TX.

235

Al-Isl?m wa al-q?n?n wa al-dawlah: Dir?sah f? fikri Ki Bagus Hadikusumo wa dawrihi  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses the intellectual and political biography of Ki Bagus Hadikusumo, a prominent Muslim leader in Indonesia. He was born in Yogyakarta where he grew up  in a Muslim priyayi family of Kauman in the city. This study explains that the Sufi tradition of Pesantren Wonokromo in Yogyakarta deeply influenced his religious thoughts. Later, he was noted as one of the first students of K.H. Ahmad Dahlan, the founder of Muhammadiyah. It is clear that he was under a strong intellectual, ideological and religious influence of Dahlan. He published works on Islamic theology, Fiqh, Sufism, and also on Islam and state. During the Japanese occupation, he  became the Chairman of Muhammadiyah organization . Ki Bagus was also known as a prominent leader of political parties, i.e. PII, MIAI, Masyumi and then a prominent member of BPUPKI, an important element of Indonesian independence in 1945. Representing a nationalist-Islamist wing, he greatly contributed to the politics of early modern Indonesia by (1 preparing  the Indonesian constitution, and (2 providing solid arguments for Muslims to accept Pancasila as the nation’s state ideology.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v21i1.881

Sudarnoto Abdul Hakim

2014-07-01

236

Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial fish assemblages and native fish in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. In 1999, 2000, and 2001 the project began addressing some of the identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Department of Natural Resources, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Department of Natural Resources, Wellpinit, WA)

2003-09-01

237

76 FR 65945 - Modification of Class B Airspace; Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...into Seattle-Tacoma International Airport as well as...to Seattle-Tacoma International Airport comes from...These corrections include adding ``lat...long.'' before all geographic [[Page 65946...of Seattle-Tacoma International Airport is...

2011-10-25

238

76 FR 31853 - Safety Zone; Commencement Bay, Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...aircraft, to include rescue simulations performed by low-flying...short in duration, and maritime traffic will be able to safely...outside of this safety zone. Maritime traffic may also request permission...duration, minimal in size, and maritime traffic will be allowed...

2011-06-02

239

78 FR 16713 - Board Meeting; April 16, 2013; Richland, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...geologic repository. The last presentation of the day will be on DOE's Strategy for the Management and Disposal of Used Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste. At the end of the day, an opportunity for public comment will be...

2013-03-18

240

Monolithic circuits for the WA98 lead glass calorimeter  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Two monolithic circuits developed for readout of a 10,000 element lead glass calorimeter are described. The first contains 8 channels with each channel comprising a charge integrating amplifier, two output amplifiers with gains of one and eight, a timing filter amplifier and a constant fraction discriminator. This IC also contains a maskable, triggerable calibration pulser and circuits needed to form 2 by 2 and 4 by 4 energy sums used to provide trigger signals. The second IC is a companion to the first and contains 16 analog memory channels with 16 cells each, eight time-to-amplitude converters and a 24-channel analog-to-digital converter. The use of the analog memories following the integration function eliminates the need for delay cables preceding it. Characterizations of prototypes are reported, and features included to ease integration if the ICs into a readout system are described.

Wintenberg, A.L.; Awes, T.C.; Britton, C.L. Jr. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

1994-12-31

241

75 FR 34154 - Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County...Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge (refuge), for...grown. The total wildlife sanctuary area...south end of the refuge. A new access...entrance road north of the...

2010-06-16

242

76 FR 3922 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...of our draft comprehensive conservation plan and draft environmental...migratory birds, and for conservation purposes. The refuge encompasses...of tidelands, temperate rainforest, ocean beaches, sand dunes...and wildlife management and conservation, legal mandates, and...

2011-01-21

243

Hiperhomocysteinemia - wa?ny czynnik ryzyka choroby niedokrwiennej serca  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hiperhomocysteinemi? traktuje si? obecnie jako niezale?ny czynnik rY7-^^ choroby niedokrwiennej serca. Mechanizm pro mia?d?ycowego dzia?ania homocysteiny to zarówno bezpo?rednie uszkadzanie ?ródb?onka naczyniowego przez grup? sulfhydrylow?, jak i u?atwianie syntezy nadtlenku wodoru w komórkach ?ródb?onka i produkcja wolnych rodników przyspieszaj?ce procesy mia?d?ycowe. Inne mechanizmy to hamowanie syntezy prostacykliny, zwi?kszona agregacja i adhezja p?ytek do ?cian uszkodzonych naczy? i aktywacja licznych czynników krzepni?cia. St??enie homocysteiny w surowicy zale?y od aktywno?ci wielu enzymów. Kluczow? rol? odgrywaj? dwa z nich: |3-syntaza cystationinowa (CBS oraz reduktaza metylenotetrahydrofolia-nowa (MTHFR. CBS jest jednym z enzymów na szlaku przemiany metioniny w cystein?, natomiast MTHFR katalizuje konwersj? 5,10-metylotetrahydrofolianu do 5-metylotetrahydrofolianu, który jest g?ównym donorem reszt metylowych w reakcji remetylacji homocysteiny do metioniny. Kofaktorami dla tych enzymów s? witaminy B6 i B12 oraz kwas foliowy. Mutacja genu reduktazy 5,10-metyltetrahydrofolianu (substytucja C—>1 w pozycji 677 powoduje zamian? alaniny na walin? i zmniejsza aktywno?? reduktazy 5,10-metyltetra-hydrofolianu, co wi??e si? ze wzrostem st??enia homocysteiny w osoczu oraz zwi?kszonym ryzykiem choroby wie?cowej i zawa?u mi??nia sercowego. Wyst?puj? 3 ró?ne genotypy: homozygoty TT i CC i heterozy-goty CT. Wyst?powanie allela T jest zwi?zane z wyst?powaniem hiperhomocysteinemii. Wwielu badaniach wykazano zwi?zek polimorfizmu C677T z chorob? niedokrwienn? serca a genotyp TT uznano za czynnik ryzyka choroby niedokrwiennej serca. Wyst?pienie defektu w genach cz?sto nie jest czynnikiem wystarczaj?cym do wyzwolenia hiperhomocysteinemii. Wzrost poziomu homocysteiny mo?e by? spowodowany: niew?a?ciw? diet? (niedostateczna poda?: kwasu foliowego i(lub witamin B6 i B12, farmakoterapia (stosowanie antagonistów kwasu foliowego np. metotreksatu, antagonistów witaminy B6 lub B12, fenytoiny, antykoncepcja lub leczenie hormonalne zaburzenia endokrynologiczne, niewydolno?? nerek, palenie tytoniu, nadu?ywanie alkoholu. Wyst?powanie umiarkowanej hiperhomocysteinemii w ogólnej populacji zosta?o oszacowane na 5-10%. Wykazano zwi?zek wysokich st??e? homocysteiny z angiograficznie potwierdzon? chorob? wie?cow? i zawa?em serca. Podwy?szony poziom homocysteiny u pacjentów z chorob? niedokrwienn? serca potwierdzon? w koronarografii uwa?any jest za niezale?ny czynnik zagro?enia zgonem sercowym.

Krzysztof Chi?y?ski

2002-06-01

244

Development of blue rose; Aoi bara wa sakuka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Precise crystalline structures of pigments in petals have been elucidated by structural analysis of the blue pigment in Commelinaceae petals using X-ray analysis. It is found that the Mg ion is coordinated with the oxygen atom on the B-nucleus in the base nucleus of delphinidin (belonging to anthocyanidine, a pigment obtained by separating sugar from anthocyanin by hydrolysis) to develop a blue color, and that the complex is a stable supermolecule in which 6 pigment molecules are associated regularly with 6 flavone molecules. The similar mechanisms are responsible for development of blue color for flowers, and widely occurring in nature. Biosynthesis of anthocyanin, beginning with phenylalanine, undergoes virtually common processes; cyclization of the flavonoide skeleton, reduction to the anthocyanidine nucleus, hydroxylation of the B-nucleus in the base nucleus and glycoside formation at the 3-site. It will be possible to shift rose color to blue, if anthocyanin belonging to anthocyanidine could be bio-synthesized by introducing the gene of enzyme for 3`, 5`-hydroxylation on the base nucleus, which the rose lacks. 4 refs., 4 figs.

Kondo, T. [Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan); Yoshida, K.

1998-06-01

245

Badania sily termoelektrycznej ?eliwnych wa?ków rozrz?du  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available W pracy pr7cdstawiono ynilii badah 2eEiwnych walkbw rozrzqdu silnika spalinowcgo z krzywkami utwardzonymi rnctoda odlewniczq.Na przckrqiu poprxcznym knywcb occniono rnikros~rukturq, trvardoSt, oraz zvaltoSC sil y clcktrorermiczncj

W. Or?owicz

2008-03-01

246

SULFUR DIOXIDE SOURCES IN WA, OR, AND ID  

Science.gov (United States)

This map shows industrial plants which emit 100 tons/year or more of sulfur dioxide (SO2) in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. The SO2 sources are plotted on a background map of cities and county boundaries. Data Sources: SO2 Sites: U.S. EPA AIRS System, County Outlines: USGS, Nat...

247

SULFUR DIOXIDE SOURCES IN CLASS I WILDERNESS AREAS, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

This map shows industrial plants which emit sulfur dioxide (SO2) in the state of Washington. Different plot symbols are used for sources which emit less than 100 tons/year, between 100 and 1000 tons/year, and over 1000 tons/year of SO2. The SO2 sources are plotted on a background...

248

78 FR 15293 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Columbia River, Vancouver, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Santa Fe (BNSF) Railway Bridge across...to accommodate maintenance to replace movable...position during maintenance activities. DATES...During these maintenance periods the swing span of the BNSF Railway Bridge...

2013-03-11

249

78 FR 76750 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Chambers Creek, Steilacoom, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...BNSF) Chambers Creek Railway Bridge across Chambers...allow BNSF to perform maintenance and upgrade items to...performing lift bridge maintenance and upgrades for the BNSF Chambers Creek Railway Bridge across Chambers...for BNSF to perform maintenance and upgrade items...

2013-12-19

250

77 FR 24146 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Columbia River, Vancouver, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) Railway Bridge across the Columbia...necessary to accommodate maintenance of the train signaling...the duration of the maintenance activity. DATES...traffic to facilitate maintenance of the train signaling...swing span of the BNSF Railway Bridge across the...

2012-04-23

251

SEDIMENT DATA - ST. PAUL WATERWAY - TACOMA, WA - 1996 MONITORING DATA  

Science.gov (United States)

Benthic Infauna Monitoring Data Files are Excel-format spreadsheet files which contain data presented in the St. Paul Waterway Area Remedial Action and Habitat Restoration Project, 1996 Monitoring Report. The files can be viewed directly or readily downlo aded and read into most ...

252

[Interview]: Alexandre Shvartsburg, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, USA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Q1. What are your main research activities in ion mobility mass spectrometry (past or present)? My early efforts focused on the structural characterization of atomic (carbon and semiconductor) clusters. After the production of bulk fullerenes, many hoped that other nanoclusters discovered in the gas phase could also coalesce into new materials. As these studies required accurate and robust mobility calculations for any ion geometry, I strived to build the needed theory and implement it in the Mobcal software widely employed today. Since 2004, I have been developing methods and novel applications of differential IMS (FAIMS) at PNNL. The principal achievement has been raising the resolving power by over tenfold (up to ~400 for multiply-charged peptides) using elevated fields, helium and hydrogen-rich buffers, and extended filtering times. This performance broadly allows previously unthinkable separations of very similar species, for example sequence inversions and post-translational modification localization isomers of peptides (including “middle-down” peptides such as histone tails), lipid regioisomers, and even isotopomers. Another major direction is investigating the dipole alignment of larger proteins, which creates an exceptionally strong FAIMS effect that is a potential tool for structural biology. Q2: What have been the most significant instrumentation or applications developments in the history of ion mobility - mass spectrometry? In 1995 when I started graduate research at Northwestern, only two groups worldwide worked with IMS/MS and “the literature” meant papers by Bowers (UCSB). Well-wishers counseled me to “learn something useful like HPLC, as IMS would never have real utility”. This booklet showcases the scale of change since. First, the practical IMS/ToF platforms for complex biological analyses demonstrated by Clemmer have turned IMS/MS from an esoteric physical chemistry technique into a powerful analytical tool. By commercializing the IMS/ToF technology in Synapt instruments, Waters has greatly increased its impact via expanded number and diversity of applications. Concurrently, Guevremont at Canadian NRC has perfected FAIMS coupled to MS, deployed it for real-world bio and environmental analyses, and widely distributed it in the Ionalytics Selectra system (subsequently installed on Thermo MS platforms). The latest breakthrough is ultra-FAIMS by Owlstone, where extreme fields allow numerous qualitatively new separations and operational modes that we just begin to explore. Q3: Where do you see ion mobility - mass spectrometry making the most impact in the next 5 years? Any predictions for where the field will go? Sciences dealing with perturbations in media (such as optics or acoustics) at some point shift from the linear to nonlinear paradigm, where propagation depends on the magnitude of perturbation or its driving force. While the linear part remains industrially important (e.g., eyewear and architectural glass for optics), frontline research moves to nonlinear phenomena. IMS is undergoing that transition now with the rise of FAIMS, which should continue as the fundamental understanding improves, new modalities and applications emerge, and more instrumentation is introduced by vendors. Modifying and augmenting FAIMS separations through vapor dopants that render ion mobilities less linear is becoming routine. I expect this area to advance, extending to more specific interactions and to complexation with solution additives. Another route to higher separation power is integrating FAIMS with conventional IMS; proliferation of both technologies would make such 2-D platforms common. Along with mass spectrometry and conventional IMS, FAIMS will address increasingly large macromolecules, including proteins and their complexes.

Shvartsburg, Alexandre A.

2012-12-01

253

77 FR 54805 - Revocation of Jet Route J-528; WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...part 71 by removing Jet Route J-528 in Washington...automation system. Another Jet Route, J-534, that...result in any adverse impact to the NAS. Because this...in 14 CFR 71.1. The jet route listed in this document...1E, ``Environmental Impacts: Policies and...

2012-09-06

254

Association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome in police officers: results from two cross-sectional studies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Policing is one of the most dangerous and stressful occupations and such stress can have deleterious effects on health. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) in male and female police officers from two study populations, Buffalo, NY and Spokane, WA. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale. MetSyn was defined using the 2005 AHA/NHBLI guidelines. Analysis of covariance was used to describe differences in number of MetSyn components across depressive symptom categories. The number of MetSyn components increased significantly across categories of CES-D for Spokane men only (p-trend = 0.003). For each 5-unit increase in CES-D score, odds increased by 47.6% for having hypertriglyceridemia, by 51.8% for having hypertension, and by 56.7% for having glucose intolerance. Exploring this association is important since both are predictors of future chronic health problems and the results could be helpful in developing future gender-specific prevention and intervention efforts among police officers. PMID:22315628

Hartley, Tara A; Knox, Sarah S; Fekedulegn, Desta; Barbosa-Leiker, Celestina; Violanti, John M; Andrew, Michael E; Burchfiel, Cecil M

2012-01-01

255

Al-Ma‘ahid al-Tur?th?yah wa Shuy?‘?yah wa al- ?uruq al-??f?yah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper will reveal images Pesantren tradition, Kyai, and the congregation that has not been studied by scholars such as van den Berg, Hurgronje, and Clifford Geertz thus able to capture the real power of intellectual tradition and religious boarding schools. Kyai (charismatic religious teachers/scholars and pesantren (traditional Islamic boarding schools owned and run by kyai have become common subjects of research among scholars studying Islam in Indonesia.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v5i1.761

Khoirul Anwar

2014-03-01

256

How gender disparities drive imbalances in health care leadership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mary Ann Keogh Hoss1, Paula Bobrowski2, Kathryn J McDonagh3, Nancy M Paris41Health Services Administration, Eastern Washington University, College of Business and Public Administration, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Liberal Arts, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 3Executive Relations, Hospira Inc, Lake Forest, IL, USA; 4Georgia Center for Oncology Research and Education, Atlanta, GA, USAAbstract: Low female representation in US hospital chief executive officer positions has persisted for decades. This article addresses gender disparity in professional development, the rationale for gender differences, and practical strategies to address this imbalance. The health care workforce consists of 75% women, but according to two recent surveys, ie, a state survey and a survey of the top 100 US hospitals, women hold only about 12% of chief executive officer positions in US hospitals. Significant and dedicated efforts by both individuals and organizations are necessary to rectify this imbalance.Keywords: gender, imbalance, leadership, United States, hospitals

Hoss MAK

2011-11-01

257

The impacts of balanced and exhaust mechanical ventilation on indoor radon  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Models for estimating radon entry rates, indoor radon concentrations, and ventilation rates in houses with a basement or a vented crawl-space and ventilated by natural infiltration, mechanical exhaust ventilation, or balanced mechanical ventilation are described. Simulations are performed for a range of soil and housing characteristics using hourly weather data for the heating season in Spokane, WA. For a house with a basement, we show that any ventilation technique should be acceptable when the soil permeability is less than approximately 10-12m2. However, exhaust ventilation leads to substantially higher indoor radon concentrations than infiltration or balanced ventilation with the same average air exchange rate when the soil permeability is 10-10m2 or greater. For houses with a crawl-space, indoor radon concentrations are lowest with balanced ventilation, intermediate with exhaust ventilation, and highest with infiltration

258

Hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the midnite mine, northeastern Washington. Report of investigations/1994  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Midnite Mine is an inactive, hardrock uranium mine on the Spokane Indian Reservation, Stevens County, WA. Oxidation of sulfide-containing minerals, primarily pyrite, in the ore body produces large quantities of acidic water. An interception system installed by the mining company limits the discharge of contaminated water from the mine. The Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Bureau of Land Management have been actively involved in planning remediation of the disturbed areas. To assist in remediation, the U.S. Bureau of Mines initiated research to determine water quality and define groundwater flow characteristics. Bureau personnel designed a monitoring network, supervised installation of sampling wells, and collected and analyzed water samples. This Report of Investigations describes interpretation of data collected between December 1989 to April 1992

259

Zonolite attic insulation exposure studies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Several studies were designed and conducted to evaluate amphibole asbestos exposures in homes containing Zonolite (expanded vermiculite) attic insulation (ZAI). A range of tasks selected for evaluation included cleaning, working around, moving, and removal of ZAI in attics and living spaces. The fieldwork for these studies was conducted at two homes in Spokane, WA and one home in Silver Spring, MD. Personal and area air samples were collected and analyzed as part of the exposure studies. Surface dust samples and bulk samples were also collected and analyzed. The results demonstrated that airborne concentrations of amphibole asbestos were not elevated if the material is undisturbed. The results also demonstrated that cleaning, remodeling, and other activities did produce significant concentrations of airborne amphibole asbestos when the ZAI was disturbed. PMID:20662420

Ewing, William M; Hays, Steve M; Hatfield, Richard; Longo, William E; Millette, James R

2010-01-01

260

A thick homogeneous vegetated cover design proves cost - and schedule-effective for the reclamation of uranium mills sites near Spokane, Washington  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Washington State Department of Health (WDOH) has licensed two medium sized uranium mills with tailings impoundments covering 28 and 40 hectares (70 and 100 acres), respectively, The uranium mill licensees have submitted closure and reclamation plans to the state, and site-specific conditions have determined the closure design features, Conventional uranium mill cover designs usually incorporate an overall cap of one to three meters, which includes a low-permeability clay barrier layer. A technical evaluation of several uranium mill facilities that used this design was published in the fall of 1994 and reported that unexpected vegetation root damage had occurred in the low-permeability clay (or bentonite amended) barrier layers. The technical report suggested that the low-permeability design feature at some sites could be compromised within a very short time and the regulatory goal of 1,000 years performance might not be achieved. In October 1994, WDOH sponsored a technical forum meeting to consider design alternatives to address these reliability concerns. Representatives from the federal government, nuclear industry, licensees, engineering firms, and state regulatory agencies attended the workshop. Risk factors considered in the evaluation of the uranium mill reclamation plans include: (1) radon gas emanation through the cover (the air pathway), and (2) migration of hazardous and/or radioactive constituents (the groundwater pathway). Additional design considerations include site structural stability, longevity of 1,000 years, and no active (ongoing) maintenance. 9 refs.

Blacklaw, J.; Robertson, G.; Stoffel, D.; Ahmad, J.; Fordham, E. [Washington State Dept. of Health, Olympia, WA (United States)] [and others

1997-08-01

261

Decay J/? ? 3? and a search for the eta/sub c/  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The decay J/psi into 3? final states has been studied. No evidence is found for the existence of the X(2.83) or any heavy narrow state (e.g., the eta/sub c/) decaying into two photons. Upper limits are given on the branching ratio J/psi ? eta/sub c/,eta/sub c/ ? 2? for eta/sub c/ masses in the 2.7--3.0-GeV region. In addition, the branching ratios J/psi ? ?eta,?eta' are measured. It is found that the eta' branching ratio is higher than previously reported

262

10 years of the WaBoLu room hygiene conference. Current problems of room hygiene; 10 Jahre WaBoLu- Innenraumtage. Aktuelle Fragen der Innenraumhygiene  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The following subjects were discussed at the conference: Fungus growth in buildings; Ventilation problems and mechanical ventilation systems; Energy-saving building constructions and their effects on room air quality; New aspects of VOC and TVOC establishment; Current findings on pyrethroids and phthalates in household dust. [German] Folgende Themen standen im Mittelpunkt der Veranstaltung: - Schimmelpilzwachstum in Gebaeuden, - Lueftungsfragen, mechanische Lueftungseinrichtungen, - Energie sparende Bauweise und moegliche Folgen fuer die Innenraumluftqualitaet, - neue Gesichtspunkte bei der Richtwertableitung fuer VOC und TVOC, - aktuelle Untersuchungsergebnisse zu Pyrethroiden und Weichmachern (Phthalaten) im Hausstaub. (orig.)

Moriske, H.-J. [Umweltbundesamt, Berlin (Germany)

2003-10-01

263

Future of prestressed concrete (PC) buildings; PC kenchiku ni ashita wa aruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Various problems on PC buildings are discussed. The cognition on the use of concrete is different between Japan and European countries. In Europe, concrete as material is an alternative to brick and stone, and not ready mixed-concrete but precast concrete is usually used today. Even warehouses and hangars for aircraft are constructed with concrete. However, in Japan, since skillful carpenters can easily fabricate molds in fields, ready mixed-concrete is usually used like plastering material. The application of precast concrete (PCa) and PC to building construction is thus fundamentally different between Japan and Europe. PC is expensive in Japan because PC is usually used in the civil engineering field. The durability of PCs is also not yet established by building construction industry. Although various problems on PC exist in this industry, the effectively selective use of limited resources on the earth such as iron and concrete as structural materials by solving various problems is important for building construction

NONE

1997-07-31

264

Dental decay rates among children of migrant workers in Yakima, WA.  

OpenAIRE

The literature documents a significant decline in the prevalence of dental caries among children. Unfortunately, dental decay rates of children of migrant workers remain high. This study collected data from 885 migrant children in central Washington. This community is in the west coast migrant stream. The area is served by a health center funded through the community and migrant health center program. There is an active dental program provided through the health center. The children were foun...

Koday, M.; Rosenstein, D. I.; Lopez, G. M.

1990-01-01

265

78 FR 21401 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Central Washington University, Ellensburg, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation; and the...perpendicular to the river bank. This test trench...the mouth of the Yakima River to Saddle Mountain...to the mouth of Snake River. The village where their...Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation; and...

2013-04-10

266

76 FR 73664 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...location along the Lower Snake River. This notice is published as...the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, Washington; Nez...period along the Lower Snake River. The remains, however, do...sites along the Lower Snake River as archeologists at WSU...

2011-11-29

267

Hundimiento de las aguas al sur de Cuba / Downwelling wa ters in the south of Cuba  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realizan 23 estaciones oceanográficas a bordo del Buque de Investigaciones Científicas BIC "Ulises" en marzo de 1994 y abril de 1996 en el polígono de estudio situado en los 21°00'-21°30'N y 81°50'-83°00'W al sureste de la Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, con el objetivo de estudiar algunas de las rela [...] ciones hidrofísicas que controlan la dinámica de las larvas de langosta espinosa Panulirus argus en la interfase del talud con el océano. Se analizan el viento, transporte Ekman, turbulencia, profundidad de inicio de la termoclina, temperatura superficial del mar y estabilidad vertical en el hundimiento de las aguas cercanas al talud en los dos cruceros de primavera. El índice de transporte (IT) mostró un movimiento neto hacia la costa, provocando un hundimiento en la zona cercana al talud. El hundimiento produce un efecto de mezcla o falso afloramiento llamado "efecto cascada" que mantiene los nutrientes resuspendidos por un período que varía según la intensidad del viento y las corrientes imperantes en la zona. Este efecto, al parecer, es responsable de la retención larvaria en esta región Abstract in english Take account 23 oceanographic stations on Oceanographic Research Vessel BIC "Ulises" in March 1994 and April 1996 in the study polygon located in the 21°00'-21°30'N and 81°50'-83°00'W in southwest of Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, with the main objective to study hydrophysical relationships that control [...] the dynamics of the Panulirus argus spiny lobster larvae in the boundary shelf. Importance of the wind, Ekman transport, turbulence, depth of the top of the thermocline, sea surface temperature, vertical stability in the convergence or downwelling nearshore waters in this important area of spawns, was demonstrated. Transport Index (IT) showed a net movement toward the coast causing nearshore downwelling. The downwelling produces a mixture effect or false upwelling called also "cascade effect" that maintains nutrients suspended for one period that varies according to the wind intensity and the prevailing currents in the area. This effect apparently, is responsible for the larvae retention in this region

Benigno, Hernández; Roberto, Piñeiro.

268

Numerical Simulation of Admiralty Inlet, WA, with Tidal Hydrokinetic Turbine Siting Application  

Science.gov (United States)

Tidal hydrokinetic energy has been recognized as a potential source of sustainable, renewable energy. In order to properly site turbines for commercial-scale development, the complex flow conditions in a potential deployment region must be understood. Viable locations for turbines are limited by many factors, including underwater space that is above the bottom boundary layer, below shipping traffic, within areas of strong currents, and yet avoids additional fatiguing stresses. The primary area of interest in the Puget Sound for commercial tidal energy development is Admiralty Inlet, which includes potentially disruptive flow features such as vortices and strong turbulence. This dissertation seeks to increase the body of knowledge of these features both from an oceanographic perspective and as they pertain to turbine site characterization. The primary means of studying Admiralty Inlet in this document is through numerical simulation of the region using the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). The model output is found to compare well with field data, capturing eddy fields, turbulence properties, relative tidal phases, and illuminating many flow features. Horizontal velocities in the simulation are, on average, approximately 75% the size of those found in the data. This speed deficiency is inherited from the forcing model in which the Admiralty Inlet simulation is nested. The model output also shows that the flow field of this fjord-like estuary is largely affected by a headland on the northeast side of the Inlet. Vortices generated by this headland, Admiralty Head, are found to vary considerably depending on the tidal cycle. The eddies can persist beyond the half-cycle of generation to significantly affect the horizontal speed and other flow field properties in the subsequent half-cycle. Detailed analysis of the vertical vorticity governing equation shows that advection, tilting, stretching, and boundary generation are the most significant processes dictating the behavior of the vorticity. Turbulence modeling in the simulation is carried out via a k-epsilon turbulence closure scheme. Comparisons of model output with high resolution field data show the model to perform reasonably well: predicted Reynolds stress and turbulent dissipation rate values are usually within a factor of two of the field data. The turbulent kinetic energy from the simulation compares well with field data that is restricted to the frequency range of classical turbulence. The energy density spectrum of the data is found to follow Kolmogorov's theory beyond the inertial subrange. Using this fact and Taylor's frozen field approximation, an inferred calculation for the turbulent kinetic energy is derived that spans the full frequency range of the data set. The output from the inferred calculation compares well with the full turbulent kinetic energy from the field data. Maps of metrics for tidal turbine siting are generated that address many considerations for turbine placement, and can be adjusted for the model's speed deficiency with a simple multiplication factor. Among the possible best locations for turbine deployment are north of Point Wilson on the west side of Admiralty Inlet and near the center of the channel between Point Wilson and Admiralty Head. These locations have a strong tidal resource available along with highly bi-directional tidal currents and low turbulence levels.

Thyng, Kristen M.

269

76 FR 9047 - Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...CCP. Background The National Wildlife Refuge System...as amended by the National Wildlife Refuge System...toward the mission of the National Wildlife Refuge System...wet meadow acreage. Wetlands would be managed to...western pond turtle, and inventory and monitoring...

2011-02-16

270

76 FR 30014 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott...following this annual event. Entry into, transit...Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott...response craft in the event of an emergency and...annual parade of ships events. An environmental...Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66,...

2011-05-24

271

75 FR 8563 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...and aerial spectator events associated with the annual Fleet Week Maritime Festival. Entry into, transit...also be notified of Festival events by local newspapers...Fleet Week Maritime Festival events and provide the...

2010-02-25

272

75 FR 71638 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliot Bay, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliot...response craft in the event of an emergency during...Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliot...response craft in the event of an emergency during...annual parade of ships events. We seek any comments...Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66,...

2010-11-24

273

77 FR 26699 - Safety Zone; Coast Guard Exercise, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...munitions will be used during the exercise. This safety zone is being...vessels participating in the exercise by preventing collisions between...Guard Ready for Operations exercise. Members of the maritime public...assessment of potential costs and benefits under section...

2012-05-07

274

76 FR 70649 - Safety Zone; Department of Defense Exercise, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...to Foulweather Bluff. This exercise will include fast moving surface...vessels participating in the exercise by preventing collisions between...vessel involved in the DOD exercise while such vessel is transiting...assessment of potential costs and benefits under section...

2011-11-15

275

Syed Abdul Malik: Hayatuhu wa A’amaluhu Syed Abdul Malik: His Life and Works  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Syed Abdul Malik (1919-2000 was an uncrowned emperor of Assamese literature. He started his literary career in the early forties and enriched Assamese literature with short stories, novels, poetry and other writings spanning over five decades. In terms of statistics of fictional work, Syed Abdul Malik was unrivalled. No other writer has contributed so extensively towards the growth of Assamese literature as he did. Malik’s contribution to Assamese literature, particularly in the sphere of novel and short story, is indeed noteworthy. He is a distinguished writer among the fiction writes of the pre as well as post world war period who have successfully depicted the problems of man and the society.

Mahbubur Rahman

2013-10-01

276

Modeling Shoreline Erosion and Channel Migration in a Highly Dynamic Bay Entrance: Willapa Bay, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Shoreline erosion rates of up to 50 m/yr are well documented for the northern shoreline of Willapa Bay, a large estuary on the Washington coast. Despite this knowledge, there is not a good understanding of the large-scale morphodynamics of the bay entrance. Historical shoreline change calculated from T-sheets dating back to 1871 and aerial photographs from 1942 to 2002 show a decreasing trend in erosion rates. Historical bathymetric maps document migration of the 25-m deep main channel that parallels the shoreline erosion history during that same time period. To better understand the processes responsible for these decreasing channel migration and shoreline erosion rates and to help predict future erosion we developed a process-based morphological model of the bay and adjacent coast. A process-based numerical model of flow, waves, sediment transport, and bed-level updating (Delft3D) is used to understand and predict the morphological response of the estuary entrance to tidal and storm forcing. In order to conduct long-term morphological simulations (up to 5 yrs long), we employed a number of input reduction techniques, including calculating a representative tide, discretizing the wave climate into 19 classes, and employing a variable morphological factor to scale-up from a processes-based time scale to the morphological response. Model validation with field data occurs at two time scales. Model results are compared with measurements of water levels, currents, waves, and suspended-sediment concentration collected over 3 months from November 2002 to January 2003. In addition, net erosion and sedimentation from multi-year hindcasts are compared with measured bathymetric changes. Numerical simulations suggest a net export of sediment through the deep channel and a net import across the shallow entrance shoal. Wave breaking over the shoal induces a net circulation that drives this residual sediment transport. Residual transport patterns are also strongly controlled by the initial bathymetry. During the 1940s northeasterly net sediment transport across the entrance shoal forces the northward migration of the main channel and a high rate of shoreline erosion. By the 1990s the ebb delta is elongated to the north and the net sediment transport is more northwesterly, reducing the transport of sediment into the main channel and easing the northward migration of the channel.

Gelfenbaum, G.; Lesser, G.; Kaminsky, G.; Landerman, L.

2004-12-01

277

77 FR 62473 - Safety Zone, Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...flying high speed aircraft, and...INFORMATION CONTACT: If you have...that we can contact you if we have...Comment'' on the line associated with...flying high speed aircraft. C...flying high speed aircraft. This...northern boundary line of the existing...compliance, please contact the person...

2012-10-15

278

76 FR 48177 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...associated funerary object may contact the Washington State Department of Natural Resources. Repatriation...associated funerary object should contact the Washington State Department of Natural Resources at the address below by September 7,...

2011-08-08

279

76 FR 35363 - Proposed Amendment to Class B Airspace; Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...New Jersey Avenue, SE., West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140...over Magnolia due to increased noise and air pollution. These comments also disagreed...changes would increase aircraft noise disturbance to nesting...

2011-06-17

280

75 FR 2077 - Safety Zone; Todd Pacific Shipyards Vessel Launch, West Duwamish Waterway, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...traffic during a vessel launch operation at the Todd Pacific Shipyards Facility. The area that Todd Pacific Shipyards Facility will use encompasses...affected area during the launch period. Discussion...assessment of potential costs and benefits...

2010-01-14

281

T.E. KLEINDIENST, E.W. CORSE, F.T. BLANCHARD, W.A. LONNEMAN  

Science.gov (United States)

Carbonyl compounds are important constituents in urban and global atmospheres. n urban atmospheres these compounds frequently serve to initiate photochemical smog and certainly sustain the chain reactions leading to ozone formation. easurement of carbonyl compounds under atmosphe...

282

77 FR 16852 - Notice of Reclassification of Five Regional Offices to Investigative Field Offices: Seattle, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...services provided to areas served by such offices...Tampa, Florida; and Detroit, Michigan regional offices...Tampa, Florida; or Detroit, Michigan, nor will...staff to these large metropolitan areas. With regard to...

2012-03-22

283

77 FR 71011 - Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...management, conservation, legal mandates...suppression techniques would continue...Pest Management techniques as funding allows. The water delivery system...forest management techniques would be employed...for optimum water levels and...

2012-11-28

284

76 FR 38011 - Safety Zone; Hylebos Bridge Restoration, Hylebos Waterway, Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...falling debris resulting from concrete removal performed as part of...Transportation, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New...involves removal of deteriorated concrete from the Hylebos Bridge and...can remove up to 16 inches of concrete in a single pass...

2011-06-29

285

Search for the pentaquark candidate $\\Theta^+$(1540) in the hyperon beam experiment WA89  

CERN Document Server

We report on a high-statistics search for the \\t1540 resonance in $\\Sigma^-$-nucleus collisions at 340 \\gevc1 . No evidence for this resonance was found in our data sample which contains 13 millions $K^0_s \\to \\pi^+\\pi^- $ decays above background. For the decay channel $\\Theta^+ \\to K^0_s p$ and the kinematic range $x_F>$ 0.05 we find the production cross section to be $BR(\\Theta^+ \\to K^0_s p)\\cdot \\sigma_0 <$ 1.8 $\\mu$b per nucleon at 99% CL.

Adamovich, M I; Baranov, S P; Barberis, D; Beck, M; Bérat, C; Beusch, W; Boss, M; Brons, S; Brückner, W; Buénerd, M; Busch, C; Büscher, C; Charignon, F; Chauvin, J; Chudakov, E A; Dersch, U; Dropmann, F; Engelfried, J; Faller, F; Fournier, A; Gerassimov, S G; Godbersen, M; Grafström, P; Haller, T; Heidrich, M; Hubbard, E; Hurst, R B; Königsmann, K C; Konorov, I; Keller, N; Martens, K; Martin, P; Masciocchi, S; Michaels, R; Müller, U; Neeb, H; Newbold, D; Newsom, C; Paul, S; Pochodzalla, J; Potashnikova, I; Povh, B; Ransome, R; Ren, Z; Epherre-Rey-Campagnolle, Marcelle; Rosner, G; Rossi, L; Rudolph, H; Scheel, C; Schmitt, L; Siebert,H W; Simon, A; Smith, V J; Thilmann, O; Trombini, A; Vesin, E; Volkemer, B; Vorwalter, K; Walcher, T; Wälder, G; Werding, R; Wittmann, E; Zavertyaev, M V

2005-01-01

286

76 FR 41286 - Conboy Lake and Toppenish National Wildlife Refuges, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...protection of fish and wildlife resources'' (Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956; 16 U...conserve (A) fish or wildlife which are listed as endangered...approximately 40 miles north of the Oregon border, most of the refuge's 2,000 acres...

2011-07-13

287

77 FR 16058 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA; Record of Decision for Final Environmental...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Refuge final comprehensive conservation plan (CCP) and record of...migratory birds, and for conservation purposes. It encompasses...of tidelands, temperate rainforest, ocean beaches, sand dunes...and wildlife management, conservation, legal mandates, and...

2012-03-19

288

76 FR 50247 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...of the final comprehensive conservation plan and environmental impact...migratory birds, and for conservation purposes. The Refuge encompasses...of tidelands, temperate rainforest, ocean beaches, sand dunes...and wildlife management, conservation, legal mandates, and...

2011-08-12

289

78 FR 25693 - Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest; Snohomish County, WA; Green Mountain Lookout Removal  

Science.gov (United States)

...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Green Mountain Lookout is located...Wilderness to include the point of Green Mountain on which the lookout...restoration efforts have been on-going for several decades, with major...disassembled and removed from Green Mountain in order to make...

2013-05-02

290

HEALTHY STOCKS OF NW SALMON FOR CA, ID, OR, AND WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Geographic distribution of eight species/races of Pacific salmon and steelhead (spring/summer chinook, fall chinook, sockeye salmon, chum salmon, coho salmon, pink salmon, summer steelhead and winter steelhead. The data are based upon the Oregon Trout report Healthy Native Stock...

291

WILDERNESS SOCIETY'S SALMON STATUS DATA FOR CA, ID, OR, AND WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The fish status layers show the historic distribution of freshwater habitat and current status of ten different species of anadromous fish: spring/summer chinook, fall chinook, winter chinook, sockeye salmon, chum salmon, coho salmon, pink salmon, sea-run cutthroat, summer steel...

292

76 FR 45600 - Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and Grant Counties, WA; Draft Comprehensive Conservation...  

Science.gov (United States)

...ADA). The Refuge conducts a hunting lottery for a few waterfowl blinds, and other...the ADA-compliant blinds), and the lottery would be eliminated. Morgan Lake Road...seasons. The waterfowl blinds and hunting lottery would be retained. Horseback riding...

2011-07-29

293

78 FR 12598 - Safety Zone; Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...low flying high speed aircraft, and...safety of the maritime public and participants...safety of the maritime public and participants...any potential accidents caused by these...to protect the maritime public and participants...time and vessel traffic will be able...while it is in effect. The rule...

2013-02-25

294

78 FR 10064 - Safety Zone; Vigor Industrial Roll-Out, West Duwamish Waterway, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part...Safety Zone; Vigor Industrial Roll-Out, West Duwamish...recordkeeping requirements, Security measures, Waterways...Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170...Safety Zone; Vigor Industrial Vessel...

2013-02-13

295

76 FR 20707 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Reclamation, Columbia-Cascades Area Office, attention: Candace McKinley, Environmental Program Manager, 1917 Marsh Road, Yakima, Washington 98901. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Candace McKinley, Environmental Program Manager, Telephone...

2011-04-13

296

77 FR 60081 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...to the point of origin. Orchard Point General Anchorage. This rule would rename Orchard Point General Anchorage...area to avoid the regulated navigation area protecting the Pacific...vessels to be anchored in a safe area away from...

2012-10-02

297

International Instrumentation Symposium, 32nd, Seattle, WA, May 5-8, 1986, Proceedings  

Science.gov (United States)

The conference presents papers on blast, shock, and vibration instrumentation; wind tunnel instrumentation and controls; electrooptic and fiber optic instrumentation; special test facilities; reentry vehicle testing; and nondestructive test and acoustic test instrumentation. Other topic include real time systems, flight test and avionics instrumentation, data aquisition and analysis systems, thermal measurements, and advances in measurement technology. Particular attention is given to an automated fringe counting laser interferometer for low frequency vibration measurements, dynamic pressure measurements in pneumatic lines, optically interfaced sensor system for aerospace applications, the picobalance for single microparticle measurements, ellipsometric film thickness, nanometer wear measurement by ultrathin surface layer activation, a rugged electronic scanner designed for turbine test, failure mechanism characterization of platinum alloy, and the thick film strain gage.

298

Life Skills Manual = Les Practiques d'une Vie Saine = Mwongozo wa Stadi za Maisha.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Peace Corps Information Collection and Exchange makes available its information resources to other organizations. This document, made available in English, French, and Swahili, is one such resource. The focus of this document is a comprehensive behavior change approach that concentrates on the development of skills needed for life, such as…

Callahan, Kathleen

299

77 FR 2992 - Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and Grant Counties, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Lake Road will be closed to overnight travel. Facilities with increased accessibility will be developed to promote compatible hunting and fishing. Waterfowl and big game hunting opportunities will be expanded by opening new areas;...

2012-01-20

300

78 FR 11673 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Indian Tribe; and the Wanapum Band of Priest Rapids, a non-Federally recognized...Reservation of Oregon; and the Wanapum Band of Priest Rapids, a non-Federally recognized...Reservation of Oregon; and the Wanapum Band of Priest Rapids, a non-Federally...

2013-02-19

301

77 FR 44470 - Safety Zone; Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...authorizes an agency to issue a rule without...Angels Air Show Performance. B. Basis and...Federalism A rule has implications for federalism...otherwise have taking implications under Executive...not have tribal implications under Executive...Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle,...

2012-07-30

302

Isotopic Studies of Contaminant Transport at the Hanford Site,WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Processes of fluid flow and chemical transport through thevadose zone can be characterized through the isotopic systematics ofnatural soils, minerals, pore fluids and groundwater. In thiscontribution, we first review our research using measured isotopicvariations, due both to natural and site related processes, of theelements H, O, N, Sr and U, to study the interconnection between vadosezone and groundwater contamination at the Hanford Site in south-centralWashington. We follow this brief review with a presentation of new datapertaining to vadose zone and groundwater contamination in the WMAT-TX-TY vicinity. Uranium (U) isotopic data for the C3832 core (WMA TX)indicates the involvement of processed natural U fuel, and links theobserved U contamination to the nearby single shelled tank TX-104. Thedata also precludes contamination from an early 1970 s TX-107 leak. Inthe case of the C4104 core (WMA T), the U isotopic data indicates amixture of processed natural and enriched U fuels consistent with themajor leak from T-106 in 1973. Uranium and Strontium isotopic data forthe cores also provides direct evidence for chemical interaction betweenhigh-pH waste fluid and sediment. Isotopic data for groundwater nitratecontamination in the vicinity of WMA-T strongly suggests high-level tankwaste (most likely from T-106) as the source of very high 99Tcconcentrations recently observed at the NE corner of WMAT.

Christensen, J.N.; Conrad, M.E.; DePaolo, D.J.; Dresel, P.E.

2006-11-01

303

SEDIMENT DATA - COMMENCEMENT BAY HYLEBOS WATERWAY - TACOMA, WA - PRE-REMEDIAL DESIGN PROGRAM  

Science.gov (United States)

Event 1A/1B Data Files URL address: http://www.epa.gov/r10earth/datalib/superfund/hybos1ab.htm. Sediment Chemistry Data (Database Format): HYBOS1AB.EXE is a self-extracting file which expands to the single-value per record .DBF format database file HYBOS1AB.DBF. This file contai...

304

Discrete dynamical systems with $W(A^{(1)}_{m-1} \\times A^{(1)}_{n-1})$ symmetry  

CERN Document Server

We give a birational realization of affine Weyl group of type $A^{(1)}_{m-1} \\times A^{(1)}_{n-1}$. We apply this representation to construct some discrete integrable systems and discrete Painlev\\'e equations. Our construction has a combinatorial counterpart through the ultra-discretization procedure.

Kajiwara, K; Yamada, Y; Kajiwara, Kenji; Noumi, Masatoshi; Yamada, Yasuhiko

2001-01-01

305

Hundimiento de las aguas al sur de Cuba Downwelling wa ters in the south of Cuba  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se realizan 23 estaciones oceanográficas a bordo del Buque de Investigaciones Científicas BIC "Ulises" en marzo de 1994 y abril de 1996 en el polígono de estudio situado en los 21°00'-21°30'N y 81°50'-83°00'W al sureste de la Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, con el objetivo de estudiar algunas de las relaciones hidrofísicas que controlan la dinámica de las larvas de langosta espinosa Panulirus argus en la interfase del talud con el océano. Se analizan el viento, transporte Ekman, turbulencia, profundidad de inicio de la termoclina, temperatura superficial del mar y estabilidad vertical en el hundimiento de las aguas cercanas al talud en los dos cruceros de primavera. El índice de transporte (IT mostró un movimiento neto hacia la costa, provocando un hundimiento en la zona cercana al talud. El hundimiento produce un efecto de mezcla o falso afloramiento llamado "efecto cascada" que mantiene los nutrientes resuspendidos por un período que varía según la intensidad del viento y las corrientes imperantes en la zona. Este efecto, al parecer, es responsable de la retención larvaria en esta regiónTake account 23 oceanographic stations on Oceanographic Research Vessel BIC "Ulises" in March 1994 and April 1996 in the study polygon located in the 21°00'-21°30'N and 81°50'-83°00'W in southwest of Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, with the main objective to study hydrophysical relationships that control the dynamics of the Panulirus argus spiny lobster larvae in the boundary shelf. Importance of the wind, Ekman transport, turbulence, depth of the top of the thermocline, sea surface temperature, vertical stability in the convergence or downwelling nearshore waters in this important area of spawns, was demonstrated. Transport Index (IT showed a net movement toward the coast causing nearshore downwelling. The downwelling produces a mixture effect or false upwelling called also "cascade effect" that maintains nutrients suspended for one period that varies according to the wind intensity and the prevailing currents in the area. This effect apparently, is responsible for the larvae retention in this region

Benigno Hernández

2003-01-01

306

75 FR 72781 - Buckhorn Exploration Project 2010, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Agencies: Bureau of Land Management, Department of the Interior...Interior, Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Washington State...pollution potentially affecting tourism, recreational activities...water well. Bureau of Land Management: A final Mining and...

2010-11-26

307

Production of V0 pairs in the hyperon experiment WA89  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present a comprehensive study of the inclusive production of V0V0 pairs (V0=?, anti ? or KS) by ?- and ?- of 340 GeV/c momentum and neutrons of 260 GeV/c mean momentum in copper and carbon targets. In particular, the dependence of the xF spectra on the combination of beam-particle and produced V0V0 pair is investigated and compared to predictions obtained from PYTHIA and QSGM calculations. The data and these predictions differ in many details, the agreement can at best be termed as qualitative. A signal from decays of the tensor meson f'2(1525) was observed in the KSKS mass distribution and inclusive production cross sections were measured. No signal was found from the double-strange H-dibaryon decaying to ??. (orig.)

308

Decontamination and decommissioning assessment for the Waste Incineration Facility (Building 232-Z) Hanford Site, [Hanford], WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Building 232-Z is an element of the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. From 1961 until 1972, plutonium-bearing combustible materials were incinerated in the building. Between 1972 and 1983, following shutdown of the incinerator, the facility was used for waste segregation activities. The facility was placed in retired inactive status in 1984 and classified as a Limited Control Facility pursuant to DOE Order 5480.5, Safety of Nuclear Facilities, and 6430.1A, General Design Criteria. The current plutonium inventory within the building is estimated to be approximately 848 grams, the majority of which is retained within the process hood ventilation system. As a contaminated retired facility, Building 232-Z is included in the DOE Surplus Facility Management Program. The objective of this Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) assessment is to remove Building 232-Z, thereby elmininating the radiological and environmental hazards associated with the plutonium inventory within the structure. The steps to accomplish the plan objectives are: (1) identifying the locations of the most significant amounts of plutonium, (2) removing residual plutonium, (3) removing and decontaminating remaining building equipment, (4) dismantling the remaining structure, and (5) closing out the project.

Dean, L.N. [Advanced Sciences, Inc., (United States)

1994-02-01

309

78 FR 55214 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) Railway Bridge across the Lake...to facilitate heavy maintenance on the bridge. This...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: BNSF Railway has requested that the draw of the BNSF Railway Bridge across the Lake...to facilitate heavy maintenance on the bridge....

2013-09-10

310

77 FR 57019 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway Bridge across the Lake...to facilitate heavy maintenance on the bridge including...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: BNSF Railway has requested that the draw of the BNSF Railway Bridge across the Lake...to facilitate heavy maintenance on the bridge....

2012-09-17

311

76 FR 69131 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway Bridge across the Lake...position during the maintenance period. DATES: This...Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) Railway has requested to not...to facilitate heavy maintenance on the bridge. The...draw span of the BNSF Railway Bridge across the...

2011-11-08

312

Syed Abdul Malik: Hayatuhu wa A’amaluhu Syed Abdul Malik: His Life and Works  

OpenAIRE

Syed Abdul Malik (1919-2000) was an uncrowned emperor of Assamese literature. He started his literary career in the early forties and enriched Assamese literature with short stories, novels, poetry and other writings spanning over five decades. In terms of statistics of fictional work, Syed Abdul Malik was unrivalled. No other writer has contributed so extensively towards the growth of Assamese literature as he did. Malik’s contribution to Assamese literature, particularly in the sphere of ...

Mahbubur Rahman

2013-01-01

313

78 FR 41689 - Safety Zone; Skagit River Bridge, Skagit River, Mount Vernon, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...the hazards created by the collapse of the bridge, including potential...and assessment of the bridge collapse, it was determined that the...operations, which may include cranes and vessels utilizing dive...relating to the Skagit Bridge collapse and ensure the safety of...

2013-07-11

314

Recent results on Pb-Pb collisions from WA98 experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this report we present very preliminary first results from the collision of 158 GeV/nucleon Pb+Pb. Data on transverse energy production, charged particle and photon multiplicities, mT spectra of pions, two particle correlation functions, and neutral mesons are presented and discussed. (orig.)

315

Nucleus-nucleus collisions at relativistic energies: The CERN WA80 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

QCD lattice calculations predict that, at sufficiently high energy densities, hadronic matter undergoes a transition to a new phase of matter, the quark-gluon plasma, in which quarks and gluons are deconfined over a relatively large volume. It has been suggested that collisions between heavy nuclei at ultrarelativistic energies may produce the energy densities, estimated to be greater than 2 to 3 GeV/fm3, necessary for this phase transition to occur. An important goal of the first experiments with ultrarelativistic heavy-ion beams at the SPS accelerator at CERN is to investigate the extent to which this suggestion is correct. The primary experimental quantity used for estimating the energy density is the transverse energy, E/sub T/. We present here energies measured at zero degrees, together with transverse energy measurements. Estimates of attained energy densities and preliminary transverse momentum distributions of neutral products are also presented. 24 refs., 7 figs

316

78 FR 22286 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Washington, Department of Anthropology, and the Burke Museum professional...Washington, Department of Anthropology. There is no provenience...Completion), as well as forensic, non-Native American remains...Washington, Department of Anthropology, requested that the...

2013-04-15

317

77 FR 51563 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...2200-1100-665] Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology...SUMMARY: The University of Washington, Department of Anthropology...Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of...

2012-08-24

318

77 FR 23507 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...at Washington State University. The human remains...Anthropology at Washington State University professional staff...dental remains. The western border of Stevens County...Anthropology at Washington State University Officials of the...

2012-04-19

319

GigaWaM—Next-Generation WDM-PON Enabling Gigabit Per-User Data Bandwidth  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The “Gigabit access passive optical network using wavelength division multiplexing” project aims to implement 64-Gb/s data transmission over 20-km single-mode fiber. Per-user symmetric data rates of 1-Gb/s will be achieved using wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) architecture with a 1:64 user split per PON segment. Enabling technologies being developed within the scope of the project include tunable transceivers and athermal 50-GHz array waveguide grating multiplexer devices. The future-proof WDM architecture will enable convergence triple-play (telephony, TV, and broadband internet) service over existing optical infrastructure, and also facilitate cost-effective dense wavelength division multiplexing for metro aggregation and mobile backhaul networks.

Prince, Kamau; Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood

2012-01-01

320

Supplemental Groundwater Remediation Technologies to Protect the Columbia River at Hanford, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nine projects have been recently selected by the US Department of Energy (EM-22) to address groundwater contaminant migration at the Hanford Site. This paper summarizes the background and objectives of these projects. Five of the selected projects are targeted at hexavalent chromium contamination in Hanford 100 Area groundwater. These projects represent an integrated approach towards identifying the source of hexavalent chromium contamination in the Hanford 100-D Area and treating the groundwater contamination. Currently, there is no effective method to stop strontium-90 associated with the riparian zone sediments from leaching into the river. Phytoremediation may be a possible way to treat this contamination. Its use at the 100-N Area will be investigated. Another technology currently being tested for strontium-90 contamination at the 100-N Area involves injection (through wells) of a calcium-citrate-phosphate solution, which will precipitate apatite, a natural calcium-phosphate mineral. Apatite will adsorb the strontium-90, and then incorporate it as part of the apatite structure, isolating the strontium-90 contamination from entering the river. This EM-22 funded apatite project will develop a strategy for infiltrating the apatite solution from ground surface or a shallow trench to provide treatment over the upper portion of the contaminated zone, which is unsaturated during low river stage.

321

75 FR 1706 - Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...RIN 1625-AA11 Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines...is establishing a regulated navigation area (RNA) covering the...please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope...establishment of a regulated navigation area. An environmental...

2010-01-13

322

76 FR 79137 - Proposed Establishment of Area Navigation (RNAV) Routes; Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Proposed Establishment of Area Navigation (RNAV) Routes; Seattle...and would enhance en route navigation within the National Airspace...submit with those comments a self-addressed, stamped postcard...action would enhance en route navigation for users, and expand...

2011-12-21

323

77 FR 37600 - Safety Zone; Arctic Drilling and Support Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...are currently in Puget Sound. Immediate action is...Coast Guard respects the First Amendment rights of protesters...around the Sector Puget Sound Captain of the Port...from the COTP, Puget Sound, or Designated Representative...Coast Guard respects the First Amendment rights of...

2012-06-22

324

77 FR 40521 - Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...space, those conducting first amendment activities may...availability of these areas for first amendment activities is...while in the Sector Puget Sound COTP zone. However...from the COTP, Puget Sound or a Designated Representative...Coast Guard respects the First Amendment rights of...

2012-07-10

325

76 FR 47996 - Security Zone; 2011 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA; Correction  

Science.gov (United States)

...Coast Guard Sector Puget Sound, Waterways Management...column, correct the first sentence of the SUMMARY...of Rule,'' in the first column on page 40618, correct the first sentence to read as...Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone encompassed...

2011-08-08

326

View of the WA3 set-up from upstream the beam entering the hydrogen target.  

CERN Multimedia

The Amsterdam-CERN-Cracow-Munich-Oxford-Rutherford (ACCMOR)Collaboration set-up this experiment in the H1 beam of West Hall to study a variety of exclusive hadron reactions over a wide kinematic range up to 100 GeV/c incident momentum.

1977-01-01

327

Options To Cleanup Site-wide Vadose Zone Contamination At The Hanford Site, WA, State  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site in south central Washington State lies along the Columbia River and is one of DOE's largest legacy waste management sites. Enormous radionuclide and chemical inventories exist below-ground. These include Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) storage facilities where hazardous and radioactive contaminants were discharged and leaked to the soil surface and to the deep vadose zone and groundwater. The vadose zone is also contaminated from facilities regulated by the RCRA and Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) Act. Hanford now contains as much as 28,300 cubic meters of soil contaminated with radionuclides from liquid wastes released near processing facilities. The Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order, Tri-Party Agreement (TPA) has set the completion of the cleanup of these sites by 2024. There are numerous technical and regulatory challenges to cleanup of the vadose zone at the Hanford site. This paper attempts to identify the categories of deep vadose zone problem and identifies a few possible regulatory options to clean up the site under the mix of state and federal regulatory authorities. There are four major categories of vadose contamination areas at the Hanford Site. The first is laterally extensive with intermediate depth (ground surface to about 45 meters depth) mostly related to high volume effluent discharge into cribs, ponds and ditches of designat into cribs, ponds and ditches of designated CERCLA facilities. The second is dominated by laterally less extensive mostly related to leaks from RCRA tank farms. The later contamination is often commingled at depth with wastes from adjacent CERCLA facilities. The third category is from the high volume CERCLA facilities extending from the surface to more than 60 meters below ground. Contamination from the later category crosses the entire thickness of the vadose zone and reached groundwater. The fourth category is the lower volume waste sites. There are multiple management options to clean up the above four categories of vadose zones sites. The following are some of the options considered for detailed evaluation: - Maintain separate decision processes for each RCRA and CERCLA units/waste sites with a more accommodating schedule. - Create new vadose zone operable units with limited geographical boundaries regardless of site category/origin and make an integrated decision. - Expand the existing CERCLA groundwater operable units to include the deep vadose zone - Use a combination of the above. Each option has pros and cons and regulatory limitations. Detailed evaluation of these options is required to support a cost effective expedited cleanup. (authors)

328

T?rikh al-Ma’had al-Tur?th? wa Thaqaf?tuhu  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Within the Indonesian context, the history of pesantren cannot be alienated from that of Walisongo (The Nine Saint, who were said to be responsible for the spread of Islam in Java in the 16th-17th centuries. Maulana Malik Ibrahim (died 1419, the "spiritual father" of the Walisongo, is usually considered by the santri comntunity in Java to be "the teacher of the teachers" of the pesantren tradition. Some of the well-known pesantrens in Java, claim that they received their inspiration from the dakwah (ie.Islamic propagation of Maulana Malik lbrahim. Moreover, oral histories indicate that old and influential pesantrens outside of Java -such as Nahdlatul Watan, established in 1934 in East Lombok NTB and now home for about 10,000 santris scattered throughout its branches- also had Inspiration from the Walisongo teaching. This, in turn, has made Maulana Malik lbrahirn as the father of the Walisongo even more well-know.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v7i1.718

Abdurrahman Mas'ud

2014-03-01

329

76 FR 60587 - Environmental Impact Statement; North Corridor Transit Project, Seattle (WA) Metropolitan Area...  

Science.gov (United States)

...mobility, access, and capacity needs. Bus rapid transit...calling for improved capacity, reliability, ridership...Transportation Systems Management (TSM) alternatives...order to provide the capacity, reliability and travel...address the growing demand for high capacity...

2011-09-29

330

76 FR 73666 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, Oregon; Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon; Coquille Tribe of Oregon; Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians of Oregon; Cowlitz Indian Tribe, Washington; Hoh Indian Tribe of...

2011-11-29

331

77 FR 60960 - Safety Zone, Coast Guard Exercise Area, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...which involve fast moving surface vessels, smoke machines, pyrotechnics, and other elements which could create safety concerns for...include fast moving surface vessels, smoke machines, and pyrotechnics. Blank ammunition, flares and LA51 warning munitions...

2012-10-05

332

Mechanism of Al-Wa’Ad (Promise): Teory and Application in Islamic Banking in Malaysia  

OpenAIRE

Contract according to Syariah Law can be defined as being “an expression of the matching between a positive proposal made by one of the contractors and the acceptance of the other contractor in a way which has an impact on the subject of the contract” . There are standard requirements provides by the law in order to constitute a valid binding contract namely offer, acceptance, consideration, and intention to create legal relation. This requirement is more or less the same ...

Nor Adila bt. Mohd Noor; Aripin, Mohd Ashraf B.

2010-01-01

333

75 FR 63445 - Foreign-Trade Zone 86-Tacoma, WA; Site Renumbering Notice  

Science.gov (United States)

...185 acres)--Boeing Frederickson parcel, 18001 Canyon Road East, Frederickson; Site 12 (160 acres)--J.R. & F. Randles parcel, 19209 Canyon Road East, Frederickson; Site 13 (33 acres)--Rainier Corporate Park East, 70th Avenue...

2010-10-15

334

77 FR 50419 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Navigation (RNAV) Global Positioning System (GPS) standard instrument approach...the Docket Management System (see ADDRESSES section...Rulemaking Distribution System, which describes the...using the RNAV (GPS) standard instrument...

2012-08-21

335

77 FR 75597 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Wilbur, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Navigation (RNAV) Global Positioning System (GPS) standard instrument approach...the Docket Management System (see ADDRESSES section...Rulemaking Distribution System, which describes the...the new RNAV (GPS) standard instrument...

2012-12-21

336

Pacific Northwest Environmental Executive Directors: Science SessionSeattle, WA Presentation  

Science.gov (United States)

Science is one of many important factors that inform natural resource policy decisions. I will discuss past and current experiences on integrating science into environmental governance and stewardship, how some approaches have been more effective than others, how forecasted budg...

337

Completion of the 16 station Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) network on Mt. St. Helens, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO), part of the larger NSF-funded EarthScope project, is completing year 3 of the installation phase of 852 continuously operating GPS stations in the Western United States. Some of these GPS stations are focused specifically on centers of volcanic activity. Mt. St. Helens is one of these volcanic areas of interest in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) region. The PNW region will complete the installation of a 16 station GPS network on Mt. St. Helens during September 2006. This work also includes the co-location and installation of tiltmeters at four of the existing GPS sites. Network upgrades will be completed to handle the increase in data flow from the new GPS stations as well as the data from the tiltmeters and strainmeters. New GPS site installations include six helicopter accessible sites, and three drive to sites on the south flank of the mountain. Higher elevation sites will be outfitted with an eight battery, three solar panel power array to keep the stations operational during winter months. The remaining sites use a four battery, three solar panel array that has proved sufficient at other GPS locations over the past 2 winters. All stations will communicate via one of 2 radio networks set up on the mountain. The northern radio network transmits data for ten stations through a microwave connection at the Johnston Ridge observatory that also provides communications for PBO strainmeter, tiltmeter and CVO equipment. The remaining 10 stations on the south side of the mountain, are relayed through a hub at Washington State University's Vancouver Campus that is also providing data services for CVO. Results from analysis of data from both PBO and USGS GPS stations on the mountain, show a radially inward and downward motion, with the maximum vertical offsets high on the mountain and the maximum horizontal offsets located at distances of 5-10km from the crater. Displacements are small over the 2004-present eruption with a maximum of 3cm of inward movement. Modeling of the data by Lisowski et al. (AGU 2006) only accounts for a volume loss that is one third of the amount of material erupted. GPS stations installed high on the mountain were subjected to severe winter weather and heavy rime ice accumulations over the last year. This ice build-up caused distortion of the GPS antenna phase center, and blocked sun access to the solar panels at several sites. Due to the large battery storage capacity, very few power failures occurred at these stations. However, the build up of ice on the GPS antennas caused cm-level pseudo-displacements that mask the ground movements associated with the eruption.

Austin, K.; Hafner, K.; Fengler, K.; Doelger, S.

2006-12-01

338

78 FR 38829 - Special Local Regulations; Seattle Seafair Hydroplane Race, Lake Washington, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Patrol Commander''). The Patrol Commander is empowered to control...regulation is in effect. The Patrol Commander may be assisted by...prohibited while hydroplane boats are on the racecourse. At other...Only vessels authorized by the Patrol Commander, other law...

2013-06-28

339

Libby Amphibole Contamination in Tree Bark Surrounding Historical Vermiculite Processing Facilities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over a 70-year period, a mine near Libby, MT supplied nearly 80% of the world’s vermiculite. Raw vermiculite, which was contaminated with naturally occurring amphibole in veins throughout the deposit, was shipped to processing sites throughout the United States for exfoliation. In this pilot study, tree bark samples were collected near processing facilities in Spokane, WA, Santa Ana, CA, Newark, CA, and Phoenix, AZ in an effort to determine if areas surrounding these facilities are today contaminated with Libby amphibole asbestos (AA. From areas surrounding each of the four historical processing sites, Libby AA was detected in a subset of the bark samples. At the Santa Ana, Newark and Phoenix facilities, actinolite-tremolite and other high Fe Ca-bearing amphibole were also measured from the bark samples. In addition, chrysotile was frequently measured in samples collected from each of the sites. From the results of this pilot study, it is evident that tree bark can serve as reservoirs of asbestos, and indicators of past and current contamination. These data also suggest that areas outside of these historical processing facilities may today have some level of existing contamination resulting from the operation of these facilities.

Mohamed I. Elashheb

2011-10-01

340

Exact diagonalization study of the spin-1 two-dimensional J1-J3 Heisenberg model on a triangular lattice  

Science.gov (United States)

The spin-1 Heisenberg model on a triangular lattice with the ferromagnetic nearest-neighbor and antiferromagnetic third-nearest-neighbor exchange interactions, J1 = - (1 - p) J and J2 = pJ, J > 0 (0 ? p ? 1), is studied with the use of the SPINPACK code. This model is applicable for the description of the magnetic properties of NiGa2S4. The ground, low-lying excited state energies and spin-spin correlation functions have been found for lattices with N = 16 and N = 20 sites with the periodic boundary conditions. These results are in qualitative agreement with earlier authors' results obtained with Mori's projection operator technique.

Rubin, P.; Sherman, A.

2014-11-01

341

?12-prostaglandin J3, an omega-3 fatty acid-derived metabolite, selectively ablates leukemia stem cells in mice.  

Science.gov (United States)

Targeting cancer stem cells is of paramount importance in successfully preventing cancer relapse. Recently, in silico screening of public gene-expression datasets identified cyclooxygenase-derived cyclopentenone prostaglandins (CyPGs) as likely agents to target malignant stem cells. We show here that ?(12)-PGJ(3), a novel and naturally produced CyPG from the dietary fish-oil ?-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5) alleviates the development of leukemia in 2 well-studied murine models of leukemia. IP administration of ?(12)-PGJ(3) to mice infected with Friend erythroleukemia virus or those expressing the chronic myelogenous leukemia oncoprotein BCR-ABL in the hematopoietic stem cell pool completely restored normal hematologic parameters, splenic histology, and enhanced survival. More importantly, ?(12)-PGJ(3) selectively targeted leukemia stem cells (LSCs) for apoptosis in the spleen and BM. This treatment completely eradicated LSCs in vivo, as demonstrated by the inability of donor cells from treated mice to cause leukemia in secondary transplantations. Given the potency of ?-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid-derived CyPGs and the well-known refractoriness of LSCs to currently used clinical agents, ?(12)-PGJ(3) may represent a new chemotherapeutic for leukemia that targets LSCs. PMID:21967980

Hegde, Shailaja; Kaushal, Naveen; Ravindra, Kodihalli C; Chiaro, Christopher; Hafer, Kelsey T; Gandhi, Ujjawal H; Thompson, Jerry T; van den Heuvel, John P; Kennett, Mary J; Hankey, Pamela; Paulson, Robert F; Prabhu, K Sandeep

2011-12-22

342

?12-prostaglandin J3, an omega-3 fatty acid–derived metabolite, selectively ablates leukemia stem cells in mice  

OpenAIRE

Targeting cancer stem cells is of paramount importance in successfully preventing cancer relapse. Recently, in silico screening of public gene-expression datasets identified cyclooxygenase-derived cyclopentenone prostaglandins (CyPGs) as likely agents to target malignant stem cells. We show here that ?12-PGJ3, a novel and naturally produced CyPG from the dietary fish-oil ?-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5) alleviates the development of leukemia in 2 well-studied...

Hegde, Shailaja; Kaushal, Naveen; Ravindra, Kodihalli C.; Chiaro, Christopher; Hafer, Kelsey T.; Gandhi, Ujjawal H.; Thompson, Jerry T.; Den Heuvel, John P.; Kennett, Mary J.; Hankey, Pamela; Paulson, Robert F.; Prabhu, K. Sandeep

2011-01-01

343

?12-prostaglandin J3, an omega-3 fatty acid–derived metabolite, selectively ablates leukemia stem cells in mice  

Science.gov (United States)

Targeting cancer stem cells is of paramount importance in successfully preventing cancer relapse. Recently, in silico screening of public gene-expression datasets identified cyclooxygenase-derived cyclopentenone prostaglandins (CyPGs) as likely agents to target malignant stem cells. We show here that ?12-PGJ3, a novel and naturally produced CyPG from the dietary fish-oil ?-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5) alleviates the development of leukemia in 2 well-studied murine models of leukemia. IP administration of ?12-PGJ3 to mice infected with Friend erythroleukemia virus or those expressing the chronic myelogenous leukemia oncoprotein BCR-ABL in the hematopoietic stem cell pool completely restored normal hematologic parameters, splenic histology, and enhanced survival. More importantly, ?12-PGJ3 selectively targeted leukemia stem cells (LSCs) for apoptosis in the spleen and BM. This treatment completely eradicated LSCs in vivo, as demonstrated by the inability of donor cells from treated mice to cause leukemia in secondary transplantations. Given the potency of ?-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid–derived CyPGs and the well-known refractoriness of LSCs to currently used clinical agents, ?12-PGJ3 may represent a new chemotherapeutic for leukemia that targets LSCs. PMID:21967980

Hegde, Shailaja; Kaushal, Naveen; Ravindra, Kodihalli C.; Chiaro, Christopher; Hafer, Kelsey T.; Gandhi, Ujjawal H.; Thompson, Jerry T.; van den Heuvel, John P.; Kennett, Mary J.; Hankey, Pamela

2011-01-01

344

Eigenstates of complex linear combinations of J1, J2, J3 for any representation of SU(2)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The states which minimalize the uncertainty relation ?J1 ?J2 >=1/2/3>/ are eigenstates of complex linear combinations of J1 and J2. This kind of states is shown to have a very simple geometrical interpretation in the constellation formalism. A detailed description is given in the present pap

345

Constructive diagonalization of an element X of the Jordan algebra J(3,O^3) by the exceptional group F_4  

CERN Document Server

We know that any element $X$ of the exceptional Jordan algebra $\\gJ$ is transformed to a diagonal form by the compact exceptional Lie group $F_4$. However, its proof is used the method which is reduced a contradiction. In this paper, we give a direct and constructive proof.

Miyasaka, Takashi

2010-01-01

346

MODERNISM AS A FAILED UTOPIA: A POSTCOLONIAL CRITIQUE OF WOLE SOYINKA’S DEATH AND THE KING’S HORSEMAN AND NGUGI WA THIONG’O AND NGUGI WA MIRII’S, I WILL MARRY WHEN I WANT  

OpenAIRE

Ever since becoming a hegemonic cultural project erected on the foundations of self-acclaimed Western cultural legitimizations or superiority, modernism has been fiercely criticized for failing in its civilizing mission in Africa and in the introduction of corruption. African literature, especially its modern dramatic expressions, internalizes many examples and instances of the failure of the modernist project, with the ascendancy of poverty and/or deprivation, and the cultural and spatial d...

Etop Akwang

2012-01-01

347

Taq?lid Tuallif Kutub al-Tafs?r al-Malay?w?yah wa al-J?w?yah wa al-Sund?w?yah: Mu?awalah li Rasm Khar??ah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article examines the tradition of translating and interpreting the Qur'an in Javanese, Malay, and Sundanese, with a focus on manuscripts since the beginning of the 20th century. The author of this article has sought to show the dynamics of the translations and interpretations of the Qur'an in these three languages since the 17th century, while further explaining the characteristics of these works in the respective periods.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v12i3.585

Ervan Nurtawab

2005-12-01

348

77 FR 28568 - Foreign-Trade Zone 216-Olympia, WA; Notification of Proposed Production Activity; Callisons, Inc...  

Science.gov (United States)

...procedures that apply to essential oils of peppermint (mentha piperita), other essential mint oils, odoriferous mixtures...ketones without oxygen, essential oils of peppermint (mentha piperita), essential oils of mint and essential oils of...

2012-05-15

349

75 FR 1049 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Intent To File License...  

Science.gov (United States)

...for Waivers of Integrated Licensing Process...waivers of the integrated licensing process...the pre-filing materials listed in paragraph...conditioning and control building; (4) a 140-meter-long...from the control building to the grid; and...all pre-filing materials are available...

2010-01-08

350

78 FR 30901 - Record of Decision and Wetland/Floodplain Statement of Findings for the W.A. Parish Post...  

Science.gov (United States)

...form of elimination of sulfur dioxide and other emissions...To control fugitive dust, NRG must stabilize open...during construction for dust suppression, vehicle wash down...truck traffic, fugitive dust emissions, and...

2013-05-23

351

75 FR 30807 - Public Utility District No. 2 of Grant County, WA; Notice of Application for Amendment of License...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Hydroelectric Project. f. Location: The project is located on the mid-Columbia River, in portions of Grant, Yakima, Kittitas, Douglas, Benton, and Chelan Counties Washington, and occupies approximately 3,052 acres of Federal lands managed...

2010-06-02

352

75 FR 59688 - Foreign-Trade Zone 203-Moses Lake, WA; Application for Reorganization and Expansion Under...  

Science.gov (United States)

...grantee's proposed service area under the ASF would include all of Benton, Chelan, Columbia, Douglas, Franklin, Grant, Kittitas, Lincoln and Walla Walla Counties, as well as portions of Okanogan and Yakima Counties, Washington, as described in...

2010-09-28

353

77 FR 58533 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the W.A. Parish Post...  

Science.gov (United States)

...support the construction and operation...NRG would design and construct...miles in a new pipeline to be constructed...Program to support construction and operation...for project design and development...equipment, construction, CO 2 capture...underground pipeline to the...

2012-09-21

354

Seasonal Variations in Sediment Transport Potential in a Tidal Channel-Flat Complex in Willapa Bay, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Field measurements of sediment size, porosity and erodibility were collected 3 times over the course of a year within a flat-channel complex in Willapa Bay to examine seasonal and spatial variations in sediment properties and transport potential. Grain size measurements of the sediment surface and eroded sediment and measurements of sediment strength were carried out in conjunction with erosion tests made using a 10.5-cm diameter Gust erosion chamber; porosity was measured for a subset of the samples. Laboratory erosion measurements of deposits made from slurries of flat and channel sediment were used to quantify consolidation time scales ranging from 6 hrs to 4 days. Results support a conceptual model in which sediment on the flats always has relatively low mobility while sediment on the channel flanks is always relatively mobile. In contrast, sediment properties at the channel bed undergo large seasonal variations, with mobile sediment accumulating in the channel thalweg during winter which is subsequently evacuated by summer, leaving a coarse, low mobility lag deposit at the bed surface. Comparison of measured erodibility with tidal and wave forcing indicates that suspended sediment concentrations in the channel could be 10 times greater in winter than summer during peak tidal currents, whereas waves, which play a secondary role to tidal currents in this mesotidal setting, are mostly important on the flats.

Wiberg, P. L.; Law, B.; Wheatcroft, R. A.; Milligan, T.; Hill, P. S.

2010-12-01

355

Weighted averaging partial least squares regression (WA-PLS): an improved method for reconstructing environmental variables from species assemblages  

OpenAIRE

Weighted averaging regression and calibration form a simple, yet powerful method for reconstructing environmental variables from species assemblages. Based on the concepts of niche-space partitioning and ecological optima of species (indicator values), it performs well with noisy, species-rich data that cover a long ecological gradient (>3 SD units). Partial least squares regression is a linear method for multivariate calibration that is popular in chemometrics as a robust alternative to prin...

Braak, C. J. F.; Juggins, S.

1993-01-01

356

Ijtih?d al-‘Ulam?’ al-Ind?n?s?y?n wa Ta?w? al-Fiqh  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ijtihad as thinking or reasoning to solve problems that can not be found in the detailed explanation of the Qur'an and Sunnah, is an open and universal concept. But in practice ijtihad can not be separated from the situation where and when he was done. Therefore it is very conditional execution diligence, and sometimes very local.In the Indonesian context, ijtihad done them by the Fatwa Commission, the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI, the issues can not be separated from the context of the Indonesian-ness. Then the extent of ijtihad MUI contribute to the development of Islamic law in both the substance and methodology?Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v1i2.858

Helmy Karim

2014-03-01

357

75 FR 5626 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA INT-DES...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Columbia Cascades Area Office, Attention: Candace McKinley, Environmental Protection Specialist...FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Contact Candace McKinley, Environmental Protection Specialist...hearing impaired should be submitted to Ms. Candace McKinley at 509-575-5848,...

2010-02-03

358

75 FR 20988 - City of Tacoma, WA; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and Soliciting Comments...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Applicant: City of Tacoma, Washington. e. Name of Project...Thurston, and Lewis Counties, Washington, partly on lands of the Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest...South 35th Street, Tacoma, Washington 98409, telephone...

2010-04-22

359

75 FR 26220 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Availability of Draft...  

Science.gov (United States)

...underlies a total of 10.9 acres of federal lands in the Mount Baker- Snoqualmie National Forest administered by the U...Energy Regulatory Commission, 888 First Street, NE., Washington, DC 20426. Please affix Project No. 2157 to all...

2010-05-11

360

Determining flow, recharge, and vadose zonedrainage in anunconfined aquifer from groundwater strontium isotope measurements, PascoBasin, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Strontium isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sr) measured in groundwater samples from 273 wells in the Pasco Basin unconfined aquifer below the Hanford Site show large and systematic variations that provide constraints on groundwater recharge, weathering rates of the aquifer host rocks, communication between unconfined and deeper confined aquifers, and vadose zone-groundwater interaction. The impact of millions of cubic meters of wastewater discharged to the vadose zone (103-105 times higher than ambient drainage) shows up strikingly on maps of groundwater 87Sr/86Sr. Extensive access through the many groundwater monitoring wells at the site allows for an unprecedented opportunity to evaluate the strontium geochemistry of a major aquifer, hosted primarily in unconsolidated sediments, and relate it to both long term properties and recent disturbances. Groundwater 87Sr/86Sr increases systematically from 0.707 to 0.712 from west to east across the Hanford Site, in the general direction of groundwater flow, as a result of addition of Sr from the weathering of aquifer sediments and from diffuse drainage through the vadose zone. The lower 87Sr/86Sr groundwater reflects recharge waters that have acquired Sr from Columbia River Basalts. Based on a steady-state model of Sr reactive transport and drainage, there is an average natural drainage flux of 0-1.4 mm/yr near the western margin of the Hanford Site, and ambient drainage may be up to 30 mm/yr in the center of the site assuming an average bulk rock weathering rate of 10-7.5 g/g/yr.

mjsingleton@lbl.gov

2004-06-29

361

75 FR 5941 - Umatilla National Forest, Walla Walla Ranger District, Walla Walla, WA; Cobbler II Timber Sale...  

Science.gov (United States)

...conditions for species composition, structural...diversity, stocking densities, and fuel loads...conditions for species composition, structural...diversity, stocking densities, and fuel loads...Late seral tree species have...

2010-02-05

362

THE COST OF POSITIONAL NEGOTIATIONS VERSUS COLLABORATIVE OR RELATIONAL NEGOTIATIONS FOR NEGOTIATING COMPLIANCE MILESTONES AT HANFORD WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Hanford site is subject to the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (HFFACO), an order on consent signed by the DOE, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA) and the Washington Department of Ecology (WDOE). Under the HFFCCO, negotiations for transition milestones begin within six months after the issuance of a shutdown order. In the case of the PFP, the Nuclear Materials disposition and stabilization activities, a DOE responsibility, were necessary as precursor activities to Transition. This situation precipitated a crisis in the negotiations between the agencies, and formal negotiations initiated in 1997 ended in failure. The negotiations reached impasse on several key regulatory and operational issues. The 1997 negotiation was characterized by a strongly positional style. DOE and the regulatory personnel took hard lines early in the negotiations and were unable to move to resolution of key issues after a year and a half. This resulted in unhappy stakeholders, poor publicity, and work delays as well as wounded relationships between DOE and the regulatory community. The PFP is a former plutonium metal production facility. The operating mission of the PFP ended with a DOE Headquarters shutdown letter in October of 1996. Generally, the receipt of a shutdown letter initiates the start of Transition (as the first step of Decommissioning) of a facility. In the 2000-2001 PFP negotiations, a completely different approach was suggested and eventualferent approach was suggested and eventually initiated: Collaborative or Relational Negotiations. The relational negotiation style resulted in agreement between the agencies on all key issues within 6 months of initiation. All parties were very pleased with the results and all parties were relieved that protracted negotiations sessions were not needed with the new style of working together collaboratively to serve each other's interests without compromising each party's needs. The characteristics of collaborative negotiations included building trust, emphasizing equality of team members, problem solving by the entire team, relying on individual communications, and self-management skills. A specific example of positional negotiations is given with the resultant increase in cost, duration of negotiations, and lingering questions regarding trust among the parties

363

76 FR 28505 - Okanogan Public Utility District No. 1 of Okanogan County, WA; Notice of Availability of Draft...  

Science.gov (United States)

...values, including physical and visual access...compatible with this environment. The intent of this...moving through the environment and interacting with...include sounds of the physical environment such as wind,...

2011-05-17

364

75 FR 29334 - Public Utility District No. 2 of Grant County, WA; Notice of Application for Amendment of License...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Grant County, Washington. e. Name of Project: Priest Rapids Hydroelectric Project. f. Location...Creek Corridor (Burkett Lake Recreation Area), Priest Rapids Park (Desert Aire), Priest Rapids Dam Picnic Area, Crescent Bar...

2010-05-25

365

Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wa?brzych (SW Poland). II. Dependence on the substrate and seasonality  

OpenAIRE

Results confirm domination of the occurrence of slime moulds on decaying wood of Fagus (33 taxa), as well as on Tilia (31). The list of species found on wood of Acer pseudoplatanus was extended up to 18. In such a specific microhabitat as litter 33 taxa were found, and among them abundant occurrence of Diachea leucopodia and Diderma testaceum was conspicuous. Dependence of the occurrence of myxomycetes on climatic conditions is manifeted by various periods of "fructification" of particular sp...

Wanda Stojanowska; Eugeniusz Panek

2004-01-01

366

$V^{0}, \\Xi$ and $\\Omega^{-}$ inclusive production cross sections measured in hyperon experiment WA89 at CERN  

CERN Document Server

We report on a measurement of the inclusive cross sections of Lambda , Lambda , K/sub S//sup 0/, Xi /sup +/and Omega /sup -/ production by Sigma /sup -/ and pi /sup -/ f 345 GeV/c momentum and by neutrons of 260 GeV/c mean momentum in copper and carbon. The differential cross sections as function of p/sub t//sup 2/ show a distinct non-gaussian behavior above 1.2 (GeV/c)/sup 2/. A comparison of the x/sub F/- dependence of Lambda , Lambda and K/sup 0/ production with calculations using PYTHIA and the QCSM model is discussed. (43 refs).

Adamovich, M I; Baranov, S P; Barberis, D; Beck, M; Bérat, C; Beusch, Werner; Boss, M; Brons, S; Brückner, W; Buénerd, M; Busch, C; Büscher, C; Charignon, F; Chauvin, J; Chudakov, E A; Dersch, U; Dropmann, F; Engelfried, J; Faller, F; Fournier, A; Gerassimov, S G; Godbersen, M; Grafström, P; Haller, T; Heidrich, M; Hurst, R B; Königsmann, K C; Konorov, I; Keller, N; Martens, K; Martin, P; Masciocchi, S; Michaels, R; Müller, U; Neeb, H; Newbold, D; Newsom, C; Paul, S; Pochodzalla, J; Potashnikova, I K; Povh, B; Ransome, R; Ren, Z; Epherre-Rey-Campagnolle, Marcelle; Rosner, G; Rossi, L; Rudolph, H; Scheel, C; Schmitt, L; Siebert, H W; Smith, A; Smith, V; Thilmann, O; Trombini, A; Vesin, E; Volkemer, B; Vorwalter, K; Walcher, T; Wälder, G; Weding, R; Wittmann, E; Zavertyaev, M V

2003-01-01

367

77 FR 40636 - Northwest Hardwoods, Inc., Including On-Site Leased Workers of Manpower, Tacoma, WA; Notice of...  

Science.gov (United States)

...and Training Administration [TA-W-81,314] Northwest Hardwoods, Inc., Including On-Site Leased Workers of Manpower...TAA) applicable to workers and former workers of Northwest Hardwoods, Inc., Tacoma, Washington (subject firm). The...

2012-07-10

368

77 FR 49857 - Early Scoping Notification for the Alternatives Analysis of the Tacoma Link Expansion in Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...federal agencies to initiate NEPA early in their planning processes. See 40 CFR 1501.2 through 8. It allows the...Growth and Employment centers. Several current City planning processes are designed to encourage transit-oriented,...

2012-08-17

369

78 FR 50443 - Notice of Temporary Closure to Target Shooting on Public Lands in Yakima County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Persons who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service...constant noise from gunfire has negatively affected their quality of life. There is also a concern that given the topography...

2013-08-19

370

W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Project Phase 1 Definition  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

For a secure and sustainable energy future, the United States (U.S.) must reduce its dependence on imported oil and reduce its emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs). To meet these strategic challenges, the U.S. wiU have to create fundamentally new technologies with performance levels far beyond what is now possible. Developing advanced post-combustion clean coal technologies for capturing CO{sub 2} from existing coal-fired power plants can play a major role in the country's transition to a sustainable energy future, especially when coupled with CO{sub 2}-enhanced oil recovery (CO{sub 2}-EOR). Pursuant to these goals, NRG Energy, Inc. (NRG) submitted an application and entered into a cost-shared collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Round 3 of the Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) to advance low-emission coal technologies. The objective of the NRG W A Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Demonstration Project is to establish the technical feasibility and economic viability of post-combustion CO{sub 2} capture using flue gas from an existing pulverized coal-fired boiler integrated with geologic sequestration via an enhanced oil recovery (EOR) process. To achieve these objectives, the project will be executed in three phases. Each phase represents a distinct aspect of the project execution. The project phases are: • Phase I. Project Definition/Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) • Phase ll. Detailed Engineering, Procurement & Construction • Phase III. Demonstration and Monitoring The purpose of Phase I is to develop the project in sufficient detail to facilitate the decision-making process in progressing to the next stage of project delivery. Phase n. This report provides a complete summary of the FEED study effort, including pertinent project background information, the scope of facilities covered, decisions, challenges, and considerations made regarding configuration and performance of the facility, along with the conceptual design and estimate results. The findings of this report should be considered conceptual in nature and are conditioned on the statements contained herein. The cost of preparing this report (including the FEED study described herein) was funded in part by a $167-million grant provided by the U.S. DOE.

Armpriester, Anthony; Smith, Roger; Scheriffius, Jeff; Smyth, Rebecca; Istre, Michael

2014-02-01

371

Integrated Status and Effectiveness Monitoring Program Population Estimates for Juvenile Salmonids in Nason Creek, WA ; 2008 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes juvenile coho, spring Chinook, and steelhead salmon migration data collected at a 1.5m diameter cone rotary fish trap on Nason Creek during 2008; providing abundance and freshwater productivity estimates. We used species enumeration at the trap and efficiency trials to describe emigration timing and to estimate the number of emigrants. Trapping began on March 2, 2008 and was suspended on December 11, 2008 when snow and ice accumulation prevented operation. During 2008, 0 brood year (BY) 2006 coho, 1 BY2007 coho, 906 BY2006 spring Chinook, 323 BY2007 fry Chinook, 2,077 BY2007 subyearling Chinook, 169 steelhead smolts, 414 steelhead fry and 2,390 steelhead parr were trapped. Mark-recapture trap efficiency trials were performed over a range of stream discharge stages. A total of 2,639 spring Chinook, 2,154 steelhead and 12 bull trout were implanted with Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags. Most PIT tagged fish were used for trap efficiency trials. We were unable to identify a statistically significant relationship between stream discharge and trap efficiency, thus, pooled efficiency estimates specific to species and trap size/position were used to estimate the number of fish emigrating past the trap. We estimate that 5,259 ({+-} 359; 95% CI) BY2006 Chinook, 16,816 ({+-} 731; 95% CI) BY2007 Chinook, and 47,868 ({+-} 3,780; 95% CI) steelhead parr and smolts emigrated from Nason Creek in 2008.

Collins, Matthew; Murdoch, Keely [Yakama Nation Fisheries Resource Management

2009-07-20

372

76 FR 68783 - Notice of Realty Action: Direct (Non-Competitive) Sale of Reversionary Interest in Benton County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...120(h) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. Section 9620(h)); 5. No representation, warranty, or covenant of any kind, express or implied, is given or made by the United...

2011-11-07

373

Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wa?brzych (SW Poland. Part I. List of taxa and quantitative analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A total number of 103 Myxomycetes taxa is known of the "Prze?omy pod Ksi??em" nature reserve. In 2002, 89 taxa were recorded in the reserve. The following families prevail: Physaraceae - 24.4 %, Arcyriaceae, Didymiaceae and Stemonitidaceae - 15.8 % each, Trichiaceae - 12.2 %. Dominant genera are: Physarum - 14 species, Arcyria - 9, Trichia - 8, Cribraria and Diderma - 7 each. Three species were recorded for the first time in Poland: Arcyria minuta, Cribraria persooni and Symphytocarpus flaccidus. The occurrence of Didymium serpula and Lepidoderma tigrinum in Lower Silesia was confirmed after 100 years.

Wanda Stojanowska

2004-06-01

374

64 FR 3714 - Yakima River Basin Water Enhancement Project, Yakima, WA, INT-FES 99-3  

Science.gov (United States)

...provisions of Phase 2 of the Yakima River Basin Water Enhancement Project (Enhancement Project). The purpose of the Enhancement Project is to meet the competing water needs of the Yakima River basin, including the protection, mitigation,...

1999-01-25

375

63 FR 19944 - Yakima River Basin Water Enhancement Project, Yakima, WA, INT-DES 98-17  

Science.gov (United States)

...provisions of Phase 2 of the Yakima River Basin Water Enhancement Project (Enhancement Project). The purpose of the Enhancement Project is to meet the competing needs of the Yakima River basin through improved water conservation and...

1998-04-22

376

Tracking sources of unsaturated zone and groundwater nitrate contamination using nitrogen and oxygen stable isotopes at the Hanford Site, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The nitrogen and oxygen isotopic compositions of nitrate in pore water extracts from unsaturated zone core samples and groundwater samples indicate at least four potential sources of nitrate plumes in groundwaters at the USDOE Hanford Site in south-central Washington

377

Is your bone healthy? For the prevention of osteoporosis; Anata no hone wa kenko desuka? Kotsusosho yobo no tameni  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The disease state of osteoporosis, prevention and examination mothods in daily life were explained. Structures, components, and density of bones, and their differences by ages, sexes were described as the disease state. As symptom and prevention, many are pain in the back caused by spine deformation and fracture in the femur caused by tumbling down. Meals and motion and knowledges of nutrient are important as the prevention method. There are various test methodsand all those are precise. It was described that meals, favorite foods, motion, sun bathing, improvement of the constitution, etc. are important. (NEDO)

Ueda, Shin' ichiro

1999-03-01

378

75 FR 17402 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application...  

Science.gov (United States)

...pursuant to section 4(f) of the Federal Power Act (FPA), proposing to study the feasibility of the Admiralty Inlet Tidal Energy Project to be located in Admiralty Inlet in the northwestern portion of Puget Sound, between the Olympic...

2010-04-06

379

Al-Ma‘had al-Tur?th? wa Taqwim al-Jam?‘ah: Tajribah Ma‘had Hidayatullah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses some of the characteristic peculiarities of the pesantren as in Pesantren Hidayatullah, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, which does not make Arabic reviewing activities as part of the daily staple of his students.During the last three decades, pesantren in Indonesia have shown  a variety of institutional developments. The identification of pesantren as Islamic learning institutions-especially in term of their specific role in preserving intellectual tradition and reproducing 'ilama' may no longer be sufficient to explaint that development. Such a trend can be seen in the establishment of a significant number of Islamic learning institution in the country with different visions and characteristics of learning. One of the leading institutions representing this new form of pesantren is Pesantren Hidayatullah, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v5i2.756

Sirojudin Abbas

2014-03-01

380

75 FR 76951 - Foreign-Trade Zone 86-Tacoma, WA Application for Reorganization Under Alternative Site Framework  

Science.gov (United States)

...185 acres)--Boeing Frederickson parcel, 18001 Canyon Road East, Frederickson; Site 12 (160 acres)--J.R. & F. Randles parcel, 19209 Canyon Road East, Frederickson; Site 13 (33 acres)--Rainier Corporate Park East, 70th Avenue East...

2010-12-10

381

Health assessment for Naval Undersea Warfare Station, Keyport, Washington, Region 10. CERCLIS No. WA1170023419. Preliminary report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Naval Undersea Warfare Station Site (NUW) has been proposed for inclusion on the National Priorities List. Preliminary on-site sampling results from the Keyport Landfill have identified chromium, lead, cadmium, mercury, and phthalates. Shellfish sampled from the intertidal flats identified various phthalates. Preliminary soil and sediment sampling results from the Van Meter Road area identified arsenic (16 ppm), cadmium (2 ppm), chromium (69 ppm), lead(36 ppm), and mercury (100 ppb). Preliminary sediment-sampling results from Liberty Bay identified lead (8 to 160 ppm), mercury (40 to 190 ppb), cadmium (130 to 970 ppb), and chromium (21 to 43 ppm). In addition, heavy metals were identified in shellfish. The site is considered to be of potential public health concern because of the risk to human health caused by the possibility of exposure to hazardous substances.

1988-09-01

382

77 FR 13622 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Maxey Museum, in consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes, has determined that the cultural items meet the definition of unassociated funerary objects and repatriation to the Indian tribes stated below may occur if no additional claimants come forward. Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these cultural items may contact Maxey...

2012-03-07

383

Dosing considerations with transdermal formulations of fentanyl and buprenorphine for the treatment of cancer pain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tracy L Skaer College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, Spokane, WA, USA Abstract: Opioids continue to be first-line pharmacotherapy for patients suffering from cancer pain. Unfortunately, subtherapeutic dosage prescribing of pain medications remains common, and many cancer patients continue to suffer and experience diminished quality of life. A large variety of therapeutic options are available for cancer pain patients. Analgesic pharmacotherapy is based on the patient's self-report of pain intensity and should be tailored to meet the requirements of each individual. Most, if not all, cancer pain patients will ultimately require modifications in their opioid pharmacotherapy. When changes in a patient's medication regimen are needed, adequate pain control is best maintained through appropriate dosage conversion, scheduling immediate release medication for withdrawal prevention, and providing as needed dosing for breakthrough pain. Transdermal opioids are noninvasive, cause less constipation and sedation when compared to oral opioids, and may improve patient compliance. A relative potency of 100:1 is recommended when converting the patient from oral morphine to transdermal fentanyl. Based on the limited data available, there is significant interpatient variability with transdermal buprenorphine and equipotency recommendations from oral morphine of 75:1–110:1 have been suggested. Cancer patients may require larger transdermal buprenorphine doses to control their pain and may respond better to a more aggressive 75–100:1 potency ratio. This review outlines the prescribing of transdermal fentanyl and transdermal buprenorphine including how to safely and effectively convert to and use them for those with cancer pain. Keywords: opioids, analgesic pharmacotherapy, immediate release medication, pain treatment modification, breakthrough pain, opioid withdrawal, equipotency ratio

Skaer TL

2014-08-01

384

Hydrologic analysis for selection and placement of conservation practices at the watershed scale  

Science.gov (United States)

When a water body is exceeding water quality standards and a Total Maximum Daily Load has been established, conservation practices in the watershed are able to reduce point and non-point source pollution. Hydrological analysis is needed to place conservation practices in the most hydrologically sensitive areas. The selection and placement of conservation practices, however, is challenging in ungauged watersheds with little or no data for the hydrological analysis. The objective of this research is to perform a hydrological analysis for mitigation of erosion and total phosphorus in a mixed land use watershed, and to select and place the conservation practices in the most sensitive areas. The study area is the Hangman Creek watershed in Idaho and Washington State, upstream of Long Lake (WA) reservoir, east of Spokane, WA. While the pollutant of concern is total phosphorus (TP), reductions in TP were translated to total suspended solids or reductions in nonpoint source erosion and sediment delivery to streams. Hydrological characterization was done with a simple web-based tool, which runs the Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) model for representative land types in the watersheds, where a land type is defined as a unique combination of soil type, slope configuration, land use and management, and climate. The web-based tool used site-specific spatial and temporal data on land use, soil physical parameters, slope, and climate derived from readily available data sources and provided information on potential pollutant pathways (i.e. erosion, runoff, lateral flow, and percolation). Multiple land types representative in the watershed were ordered from most effective to least effective, and displayed spatially using GIS. The methodology for the Hangman Creek watershed was validated in the nearby Paradise Creek watershed that has long-term stream discharge and monitoring as well as land use data. Output from the web-based tool shows the potential reductions for different tillage practices, buffer strips, streamside management, and conversion to the conservation reserve program in the watershed. The output also includes the relationship between land area where conservation practices are placed and the potential reduction in pollution, showing the diminished returns on investment as less sensitive areas are being treated. This application of a simple web-based tool and the use of a physically-based erosion model (i.e. WEPP) illustrates that quantitative, spatial and temporal analysis of changes in pollutant loading and site-specific recommendations of conservation practices can be made in ungauged watersheds.

Wilson, C.; Brooks, E. S.; Boll, J.

2012-12-01

385

ROLE OF SOLVENT ACCESSIBLE SURFACE AREA (ASA+ AND BALABEN 3D INDEX (J3D IN BINDING AFFINITY OF TIBO DERIVATIVES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In present QSAR study of TIBO derivatives, aim of the author is to analysis some different 3D parameter in order to get best QSAR model, which enhance the binding affinity of TIBO derivatives. Solvent accessible surface area (3D of all atoms with positive partial charge (strictly greater than 0 and Balaben 3D index plays vital role in this concern. This study focuses on some important and different 3D parameter in place of other conventional 3D parameter. The greater value of multiple R (= 0.9421 and lower value of Standard error (Se= 0.4981 shows that the find mathematical model is best fit and give the structural requirements of TIBO derivatives in particular sets of compounds to enhance the binding affinity of the drug.

Lokendra Kumar Ojha

2011-12-01

386

ROLE OF SOLVENT ACCESSIBLE SURFACE AREA (ASA+) AND BALABEN 3D INDEX (J3D) IN BINDING AFFINITY OF TIBO DERIVATIVES  

OpenAIRE

In present QSAR study of TIBO derivatives, aim of the author is to analysis some different 3D parameter in order to get best QSAR model, which enhance the binding affinity of TIBO derivatives. Solvent accessible surface area (3D) of all atoms with positive partial charge (strictly greater than 0) and Balaben 3D index plays vital role in this concern. This study focuses on some important and different 3D parameter in place of other conventional 3D parameter. The greater value of multiple R (= ...

Lokendra Kumar Ojha

2011-01-01

387

UNVEILING THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND KINEMATICS OF MOLECULAR GAS IN THE ANTENNAE GALAXIES (NGC 4038/9) THROUGH HIGH-RESOLUTION CO (J = 3-2) OBSERVATIONS  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present a {approx}1'' (100 pc) resolution {sup 12}CO (3-2) map of the nearby intermediate-stage interacting galaxy pair NGC 4038/9 (the Antennae galaxies) obtained with the Submillimeter Array. We find that half the CO (3-2) emission originates in the overlap region where most of the tidally induced star formation had been previously found in shorter wavelength images, with the rest being centered on each of the nuclei. The gross distribution is consistent with lower resolution single-dish images, but we show for the first time the detailed distribution of the warm and dense molecular gas across this galaxy pair at resolutions comparable to the size of a typical giant molecular complex. While we find that 58% (33/57) of the spatially resolved Giant Molecular Associations (a few Multiplication-Sign 100 pc) are located in the overlap region, only {<=}30% spatially coincides with the optically detected star clusters, suggesting that the bulk of the CO (3-2) emission traces the regions with very recent or near future star formation activity. The spatial distribution of the CO (3-2)/CO (1-0) integrated brightness temperature ratios mainly ranges between 0.3 and 0.6, which suggests that on average the CO (3-2) line in the Antennae is not completely thermalized and similar to the average values of nearby spirals. A higher ratio is seen in both nuclei and the southern complexes in the overlap region. A higher radiation field associated with intense star formation can account for the nucleus of NGC 4038 and the overlap region, but the nuclear region of NGC 4039 shows relatively little star formation or active galactic nucleus activity and cannot be easily explained. We show kinematical evidence that the high line ratio in NGC 4039 is possibly caused by gas inflow into the counter-rotating central disk.

Ueda, Junko; Iono, Daisuke; Kawabe, Ryohei; Tamura, Yoichi [Nobeyama Radio Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 462-2 Minamimaki, Minamisaku, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan); Petitpas, Glen; Ho, Paul T. P.; Peck, Alison B.; Wang Zhong; Zhang Qizhou [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Yun, Min S. [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Mao Ruiqing [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 210008 Nanjing (China); Martin, Sergio [European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19 (Chile); Matsushita, Satoki [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Wang Junzhi [Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University, 22 Road, Nanjing 210093 (China); Wilson, Christine D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4M1 (Canada)

2012-01-20

388

UNVEILING THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND KINEMATICS OF MOLECULAR GAS IN THE ANTENNAE GALAXIES (NGC 4038/9) THROUGH HIGH-RESOLUTION CO (J = 3-2) OBSERVATIONS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present a ?1'' (100 pc) resolution 12CO (3-2) map of the nearby intermediate-stage interacting galaxy pair NGC 4038/9 (the Antennae galaxies) obtained with the Submillimeter Array. We find that half the CO (3-2) emission originates in the overlap region where most of the tidally induced star formation had been previously found in shorter wavelength images, with the rest being centered on each of the nuclei. The gross distribution is consistent with lower resolution single-dish images, but we show for the first time the detailed distribution of the warm and dense molecular gas across this galaxy pair at resolutions comparable to the size of a typical giant molecular complex. While we find that 58% (33/57) of the spatially resolved Giant Molecular Associations (a few × 100 pc) are located in the overlap region, only ?30% spatially coincides with the optically detected star clusters, suggesting that the bulk of the CO (3-2) emission traces the regions with very recent or near future star formation activity. The spatial distribution of the CO (3-2)/CO (1-0) integrated brightness temperature ratios mainly ranges between 0.3 and 0.6, which suggests that on average the CO (3-2) line in the Antennae is not completely thermalized and similar to the average values of nearby spirals. A higher ratio is seen in both nuclei and the southern complexes in the overlap region. A higher radiation field associated with intense star formation can account for the nucleusformation can account for the nucleus of NGC 4038 and the overlap region, but the nuclear region of NGC 4039 shows relatively little star formation or active galactic nucleus activity and cannot be easily explained. We show kinematical evidence that the high line ratio in NGC 4039 is possibly caused by gas inflow into the counter-rotating central disk.

389

78 FR 77710 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions  

Science.gov (United States)

...13001035 Kansas Allen County City Square Park Bandstand...600 Rd., Baldwin City, 13001037 University of Kansas East Historic...37th St., Kansas City, 13001046 Kentucky Boyle...Spokane, 13001063 Wyoming Johnson County Beaver Creek...

2013-12-24

390

NUEXCO reports on uranium operations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Uranium prospecting has been commonplace in northeastern Washington since the early 1950's. Discovery of the Midnight deposit on the Spokane Indian Reservation in early 1954 stimulated prospecting throughout the entire eastern part of the state. The three important deposits in the Spokane Mountain area are the Midnight deposit, the Togo formation, and the Sherwood deposit. The Spokane Mountain uranium deposit was discovered by geological, geophysical and geochemical methods. Uranium activities in the Mt. Spokane area have had little economic impact on the district, but the nature of the uranium occurrence is important to future exploration. The only uranium mineral present is meta-autunite. Unoxidized minerals have not been noted in the area

391

7 CFR 923.14 - District.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Douglas, Grant, Lincoln, Spokane, Pend Oreille, Stevens, and Ferry. (b) District 2 shall include the counties of Kittitas, Yakima, Klickitat, Benton, Adams, Franklin, Walla Walla, Whitman, Columbia, Garfield and Asotin. [22 FR...

2010-01-01

392

7 CFR 946.103 - Reestablishment of districts.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Grant, Adams, Ferry, Stevens, Pend Oreille, Spokane, Whitman, and Lincoln. (b) District No. 2—the counties of Kittitas, Yakima, Klickitat, Benton, Franklin, Walla Walla, Columbia, Garfield, and Asotin. (c) District No....

2010-01-01

393

9 CFR 93.503 - Ports designated for the importation of swine.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Mexico. (d) Special ports. Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas, and Christiansted, St. Croix, in the United States Virgin...Rico; Memphis, Tennessee (no live animals); Galveston and Houston, Texas; and Seattle, Spokane, and Tacoma,...

2010-01-01

394

40 CFR Appendix B to Part 300 - National Priorities List  

Science.gov (United States)

...Brick Township Landfill Brick TownshipNJBridgeport Rental & Oil Services BridgeportNJBrook Industrial Park Bound...SpokaneC WAOeser Co.Bellingham WAPacific Car & Foundry CoRenton CWAPacific Sound Resources...

2010-07-01

395

Lake Roosevelt White Sturgeon Recovery Project : Annual Progress Report, January 2003 – March 2004.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes catch data collected from white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus in Lake Roosevelt during limited setlining and gill netting activities in the fall of 2003, and documents progress toward development of a U.S. white sturgeon conservation aquaculture program for Lake Roosevelt. From 27-30 October, 42 overnight small mesh gill net sets were made between Marcus and Northport, WA for a total catch of 15 juvenile white sturgeon (275-488 mm FL). All sturgeon captured were of Canadian hatchery origin. These fish had been previously released as sub-yearlings into the Canadian portion (Keenleyside Reach) of the Transboundary Reach of the Columbia River during 2002 and 2003. Most sturgeon (n=14) were caught in the most upstream area sampled (Northport) in low velocity eddy areas. Five fish exhibited pectoral fin deformities (curled or stunted). Growth rates were less than for juvenile sturgeon captured in the Keenleyside Reach but condition factor was similar. Condition factor was also similar to that observed in juvenile sturgeon (ages 1-8) captured in the unimpounded Columbia River below Bonneville Dam between 1987-92. From 10-14 November, 28 overnight setline sets were made in the Roosevelt Reach between the confluence of the Spokane River and Marcus Island for a total catch of 17 white sturgeon (94-213 cm FL). Catch was greatest in the most upstream areas sampled, a distribution similar to that observed during a WDFW setline survey in Lake Roosevelt in 1998. The mean W{sub r} index of 110% for fish captured this year was higher than the mean W{sub r} of 91% for fish captured in 1998. Excellent fish condition hindered surgical examination of gonads as lipid deposits made the ventral body wall very thick and difficult to penetrate with available otoscope specula. Acoustic tags (Vemco model V16 coded pingers, 69 kHz, 48-month life expectancy) were internally applied to 15 fish for subsequent telemetry investigations of seasonal and reproductively motivated movements. In August 2003, three Vemco VR2 fixed station acoustic receivers, supplied by the UCWSRI Transboundary Telemetry Project, were deployed in the vicinities of Kettle Falls Bridge, Marcus Island, and Northport, WA. Data downloaded from these receivers through December 2003 confirmed the findings of a previous telemetry study that the Marcus area is an important overwintering habitat for white sturgeon. On 18 February 2004, juvenile white sturgeon (n=2,000) were transported from Kootenay Sturgeon Hatchery in British Columbia to WDFW Columbia Basin Hatchery (CBH) in Moses Lake, WA. Fish were reared at CBH to approximately 30 g and individually outfitted with PIT tags and scute marked. On 11 May 2004, fish were released into Lake Roosevelt in the vicinities of Kettle Falls Bridge, North Gorge, and Northport.

Howell, Matthew D.; McLellan, Jason G. [Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

2009-07-15

396

77 FR 11493 - Taking of Threatened or Endangered Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations...  

Science.gov (United States)

...including CA set gill net, CA/OR/WA salmon troll, WA/OR/CA groundfish, bottomfish...including CA set gill net, CA/OR/WA salmon troll, WA/OR/ CA groundfish, bottomfish...III None documented. CA/OR/WA salmon troll........... III None...

2012-02-27

397

Al-Madh?hib al-??f?yah f? Falimb?nj f? al-Qarnayn al-Th?min ‘Ashr wa al-T?si’ ‘Ashr  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article attempts to trace the Islamic intellectual tradition of Palembang praying particular attention to the scholarly form that was shaped and molded by the Ulama. In addition, this article attempts to identify the characteristics of the Palembang Ulama, and draw comparisons between this group and the Ulama of the earlier Sufi period in Aceh. Of the several Ulama of Palembang who are the focus of this article, the most important are Shihab al-Din bin 'Abd Allah Muammad, Kemas Fakbr al-Din, Muhammad Muhyi al-Din, and of course, the most prominent, 'Abd al-Samad al-Falimbaani.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v8i2.690

Ahmad Syahid

2014-03-01

398

Physical and chemical mutagenesis of early mutant of indica restorers in ''WA'' (wild abortion) hybrid rice system and genetic analysis of mutants in heterosis utilization  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The four indica restorers in the wild abortion hybrid rice system were treated with physical and chemical mutagens, and the mutation frequency in the M2 generation and the correlation between the heading date of the mutants and other characters were investigated

399

MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO STUDY MIGMATITES: ORIGIN AND TECTONIC HISTORY OF THE NASON RIDGE MIGMATITIC GNEISS, WENATCHEE BLOCK, CASCADES CRYSTALLINE CORE, WA, USA  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available La unidad "Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss" del "Cascades Core" (NW de los Estados Unidos) es una unidad migmatítica que comprende esquisto y gneis pelítico, anfibolita, gneis tonalítico y tonalita concordantes y tonalita, granitoide cuarzoso y pegmatita discordantes. Hay varias generaciones de litolo [...] gías ígneas (leucosomas = tonalita, granitoide cuarzoso, y pegmatita) algunos de las cuales son concordantes; otras claramente cortan la roca caja que está fuertemente deformada. La roca caja se interpreta ser la unidad "Chiwaukum Schist" que es una unidad metasedimentaria (esquisto pelítico y algunos gneises) y metavolcánica (anfibolitas). La fábrica metamórfica en el Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss está caracterizada por la orientación preferencial de minerales micáceos (esquistosidad continua), bandeamiento composicional, lineación mineral (granos y agregados elongados), y rasgos de deformación no-coaxial (augen asimétrico, granos cortados y desplazados, porfiroblastos rotados, etc.). El bandeamiento composicional está caracterizado por lentes y parches (a escala milimétrica y centimétrica) de cuarzo y plagioclasa y por variaciones grandes en contenido de biotita. Esta fabrica compuesta esta fallada y plegada por estructuras mesoscópicas. Los leucosomas con foliación más pronunciada (tonalitas gnéisicas) son generalmente concordantes con la tendencia regional de la foliación, mientras que los leucosomas débilmente foliados (tonalitas) y las venas de pegmatita cortan la roca caja y el gneis tonalítico. Capas delgadas de melanosoma (esquisto de biotita y de anfíbol) se desarrollan localmente alrededor de los lentes y parches de cuarzo y plagioclasa. El pico del metamorfismo en el Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss y en el Chiwaukum Schist probablemente ocurrió después de la intrusión del batolito "Mt. Stuart" (ca. 91-94 Ma.). Las temperaturas y las presiones del pico del metamorfismo en las regiones de "Wenatchee Ridge" y del "Pacific Crest" fueron 650-720 °C y 6-9 kbar con un aumento de presión de ? 2.0 kbar durante el metamorfismo. El modelamiento termodinámico indica que la fusión parcial acuosa comenzaría aproximadamente a 660 °C y que esta temperatura es relativamente independiente de la presión. Observaciones de campo y petrográficas, química mineral y estimaciones termobarométricas, y la química de roca total y modelos termodinámicos de equilibrios de fases (pseudosecciones) aplicados al Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss indican que por lo menos algunos de los cuerpos de leucosoma fueron derivados por fusión parcial local. El carácter claramente intrusivo y los contactos abruptos entre algunos cuerpos de tonalita y la roca caja apoyan un origen externo para estos fundidos de tonalita. Sin embargo, algunos de estos cuerpos pudieron haberse originado por fusión parcial del Chiwaukum Schist y haber viajado una distancia corta antes de la cristalización, o pueden haber sido modificados por deformación y así oscurecer la evidencia textural que indicaría derivación local. Los resultados mostrados aquí son compatibles con derivación de leucosomas en el Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss a partir de dos procesos no exclusivos: fusión parcial de la roca caja e intrusión de fundidos tonaliticos derivados externamente. Abstract in english The Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss of the Cascades Core is a migmatitic unit comprising concordant pelitic schist and gneiss, amphibolite, and tonalite gneiss, and cross cutting tonalite, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite. There are several generations of 'igneous' lithologies (leucosomes = tonali [...] te, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite) some of which are concordant; others clearly crosscut the strongly deformed host rocks. The host rocks are interpreted to be Chiwaukum Schist with metasedimentary (pelitic schist and some gneiss) and metavolcanic (amphibolites) origins. Metamorphic fabric in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss is characterized by preferred orientation of platy minerals (continuous schistosity), composition

Carlos A., Zuluaga C.; Harold H., Stowell.

2008-12-01

400

MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO STUDY MIGMATITES: ORIGIN AND TECTONIC HISTORY OF THE NASON RIDGE MIGMATITIC GNEISS, WENATCHEE BLOCK, CASCADES CRYSTALLINE CORE, WA, USA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss of the Cascades Core is a migmatitic unit comprising concordant pelitic schist and gneiss, amphibolite, and tonalite gneiss, and cross cutting tonalite, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite. There are several generations of 'igneous' lithologies (leucosomes = tonalite, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite some of which are concordant; others clearly crosscut the strongly deformed host rocks. The host rocks are interpreted to be Chiwaukum Schist with metasedimentary (pelitic schist and some gneiss and metavolcanic(amphibolites origins. Metamorphic fabric in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss is characterized by preferred orientation of platy minerals (continuous schistosity, compositional layering, mineral lineations (elongate grains and grain aggregates, and non-coaxial deformational features (asymmetric augen, grain offsets,rotated porphyroblasts, etc.. Compositional layering is characterized by quartz-plagioclase lenses and patches (mm to cm scale and by large variations in biotite content. This composite fabric is faulted and folded by mesoscopic structures. The most strongly foliated leucosomes (gneissic tonalites are generally concordant with the regional trend of foliation, while weakly foliated leucosomes (tonalites and pegmatite veins crosscut host rock and tonalite gneisses. Thin melanosome layers (biotiteand amphibole schist are developed locally around quartz - plagioclase lenses and patches. Metamorphism in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss and the nearby Chiwaukum Schist likely peaked after intrusion of the Mt. Stuart Batholith ca. 91-94 Ma. Peak temperatures and pressures for the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss in the Wenatchee Ridge and Pacific Crest areas were 650 - 720 °C and 6 - 9 kbar with a pressure increase of £ 2.0 kbar during metamorphism. Thermodynamic modeling indicates that hydrous partial melting would begin at ca. 660 °C and is relatively pressure independent. Field and petrographic observations, mineral chemistry and thermobarometry, and bulk rock chemistry and thermodynamic modeling of phase equilibria (pseudosections applied to the Nason Ridge 235Migmatitic Gneiss indicate that at least some of the leucosome bodies were derived by local partial melting. The clearly intrusive character and the sharp contacts between some tonalite leucosome bodies and host rock support an externally derived origin for these tonalite melts. However, some of these bodies may have originated from partial melting of the host Chiwaukum Schist and traveled a short distance before crystallization, or have been modified by deformation so as to obscure textural evidence for local derivation. Results are compatible with derivation of leucosome rocks in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss from two non-exclusive processes: partial melting of the host rock and intrusion of externally derived tonalite melts.

Stowell Harold H.

2008-12-01

401

Application of a modified denitrifying bacteria method foranalyzing groundwater and vadose zone pore water nitrate at the HanfordSite, WA, USA.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Hanford Site in southern Washington contains a largeproportion of the 250,000 metric tons of nitrate estimated to reside atDOE sites across the USA. Nitrate concentrations>600 mg/L have beenreported for Hanford groundwaters, where nitrate commonly accompanieselevated levels of radionuclide contamination. Much of the Hanfordnitrate is stored in the vadose zone, where complicated hydrology andpoorly understood chemical and biochemical processes lead to uncertainfate and transport. Analysis of the nitrogen and oxygen isotopiccomposition of nitrate provides a promising method to identify sourcesand investigate biochemical degradation of nitrate in the subsurface atHanford. A preliminary investigation of NO3- fate and transport at theHanford Site focuses on pore water nitrate, extracted by 1:1 sediment toDI water rinses of vadose zone sediments, in a vertical profile through aradionuclide plume at the TX-TY tank farm, and compares these resultswith transects across major nitrate plumes in the Hanford unconfinedaquifer.Until recently, methods for analyzing d15N and d18O of NO3- inwaters were unwieldy for routine analyses of dilute groundwaters and porewater extracts from vadose zone sediments; however, Sigman, et al., 2001(Anal. Chem) and Casciotti, et al., 2002 (Anal. Chem), developed a methodusing denitrifying bacteria with a truncated enzymatic pathway togenerate N2O for analyzing both isotopes simultaneously from NO3- indilute samples. Our modifications to this method decrease both culturepreparation and sample processing times. Culturing time has been reducedto 2-3 days by increasing the initial inoculation volume to 2mL in 100mL.We grow cultures on a bench top and mix by inversion twice daily, insteadof growing on a constant shaking unit. These changes have not been shownto affect the cell yield nor the N2O levels in blanks. Secondly, cellpreparation for NO3- reduction has been modified to decrease sampleprocessing time. Intense centrifugation was found to be unnecessary andloose pellet formation at a lower g is more than adequate. We found nodetectable background level of N2O in the cultures, and have reduced thesample venting time. Lastly, we have found that samples can be injected,cells lysed, and N2O run in the same day with negligible affects to N2Oyield and d15N/d18O values.

Woods, KatharineN.; Singleton, Michael J.; Conrad, Mark

2003-11-18

402

Expansion of colloid and surface chemistry to an interdisciplinary field. Biosimulation by liposome; Koroido kaimen kagaku wa gakusai ryoiki ni hirogaru. Liposome wo mochiite saibo kino ni semaru  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents the usefulness of an approach using liposome as cell surface model system (biosimulation by liposome) for clarifying the cell control function of glycolipid. The author and others systematically studied the influence of the aggregation state of ganglioside glycochains on a liposome surface on adhesion and stimulus to cells. Study was also made on the interaction between DPPC liposome including ganglioside and immunocyte, in particular, T cell including an acceptor for glycochains. The interaction was evaluated by laser fluorescence microscope, and an increase in Ca concentration in cells was detected and evaluated by fluorescence probe. An activating rate was also evaluated by counting the number of stimulated cells among nearly 200 cells. As the study result on a degree of adsorption of liposome as fluorescence marker to cells, active systems were strongly adsorbed on cell surfaces, suggesting that signals are transmitted in cells after coupling of active systems with acceptors on cell surfaces. 10 refs., 5 figs.

Akiyoshi, K. [Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan)

1998-07-01

403

Aoyama Gakuin University team winning the second prize in junior class in a solar car race; Aogaku team wa junior nii (solar car race ni sankashite)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper introduces how the Aoyama Gakuin University team competed in the World Solar Car Rally race held at Ogata Village in Akita Prefecture, Japan, in the summer of 1994. The race was formed with solar cars mounting a solar panel with the maximum area of 8 m{sup 2} and batteries with a total output of 3 kWh to compete how many rounds the cars can run around a course of 31 km during three days (25 hours in total). The solar car used by the University team had consumed power of about 600 W at a speed of 40 km/h, with the solar panel generating power of 800 Wp. The first day morning was sunny making possible to set the average speed to 45 km/h (power generation of 500 W or more), but the weather worsened in the afternoon compelling the car to change the speed to 30 km/h (power generation of 200 W). The power generated on the second day, which was cloudy all day, stayed at 250 W at the maximum, hence the speed was kept at 30 km/h to suppress the power consumption. On the sunny third day, the team drove the car worrying about the remaining battery capacity, and succeeded the drive of 23 rounds in total, winning the second prize among 30 cars participated in the junior class race.

Hayashi, Y. [Aoyama Gakuin University, Tokyo (Japan)

1994-09-20

404

Size-Segregated Aerosol Composition and Mass Loading of Atmospheric Particles as Part of the Pacific Northwest 2001 (PNW2001) Air Quality Study in Puget Sound, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Size and composition are key factors in determining the impact aerosols have on global climate change and human health. The DELTA group at UC Davis has developed sampling techniques that allow continuous collection of aerosols separated into 8 different size fractions with 1-hour time resolution. Total aerosol mass determination: Scanning Transmission Ion Microscopy (STIM) with a 3 MeV proton beam can produce profiles of aerosol mass with an error limit of less than 10%. The aerosol collection strip is scanned with a proton beam of 50 micrometer spatial resolution while recording the proton mean energy loss as a function of position (Bench et al., 1992). A differential beta attenuation mass monitor (beta-gauge) is also used for mass determination. The beta-gauge consists of a 63Ni source and a surface barrier detector. This technique allows quantitative mass measurement by recording attenuation of beta particles through the sample and substrate (Chueinta and Hopke, 2001). Mineral mass and elemental composition: Synchrotron X-ray Fluorescence (s-XRF) is performed at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at LBNL. The s-XRF technique is quantitative for elements Na through U. The ALS synchrotron provides an extraordinarily intense white beam of X-rays (4-20 KeV) that are 100% polarized. These properties provide us with a very high count rate and a reduced background, giving us exceptional sensitivity. Also, the beam can be focused to a spot on the order of 200 micons yielding time resolution on our sample strips of approximately 1 hour (Cahill et al., 1992). Organic mass determination: Proton Elastic Scattering Analysis (PESA) is performed at the Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry at the LLNL. PESA determines the concentration of particulate hydrogen, which is a surrogate for organic aerosol composition (Nejedly et al., 1997). Organic compound determination: Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (LDI-TOFMS) is used to characterize polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their derivatives in aerosols, as well as sulfates and nitrates. We use a low laser power in order to minimize fragmentation, and a wavelength which is resonant for PAH photo-ionization (Bezabeh et al., 1999). Characterization of individual particles: Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with a state-of-the-art field emission gun (FEG) is used to provide imaging with a resolution capability better than 2 nm (magnifications greater than 600 kX). Single particle analysis by SEM provides elemental composition, heterogeneity information, shape, size, and morphology of individual particles.

Disselkamp, R S; Barrie, L; Shutthanandan, S; Cliff, S S; Cahill, T A; Bench, G

2002-10-07

405

Zaburzenia funkcji nerek oraz gospodarki wodno-elektrolitowej jako wa?ne czynniki rokownicze u pacjentów z epizodem dekompensacji przewlek?ej niewydolno?ci serca  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wprowadzenie: Pacjenci z niewydolno?ci? serca (NS, ze wzgl?du na cz?ste epizody dekompensacji, wymagaj? zwrócenia szczególnej uwagi na dyskretne objawy zwiastuj?ce zaostrzenie procesu chorobowego. Dysfunkcja nerek oraz niedokrwisto?? nierzadko towarzysz? niewydolno?ci serca. W tej grupie istotne wydaje si? monitorowanie prostych parametrów morfologii krwi oraz wybranych bada? biochemicznych, których pogarszaj?ce si? warto?ci mog? zwiastowa? epizod dekompensacji NS. Cel pracy: Prospektywna analiza prognostyczna w grupie chorych z NS pod k?tem wp?ywu niewydolno?ci nerek oraz zaburze? elektrolitowych na rokowanie. Materia? i metodyka: Do badania w??czono kolejnych 101 chorych z rozpoznan? wcze?niej NS, hospitalizowanych w szpitalu rejonowym w oddziale internistyczno-kardiologicznym, z epizodem dekompensacji do co najmniej III klasy NYHA. W badanej grupie (?redni wiek 67±10 lat by?o 56 m??czyzn. Frakcja wyrzutowa lewej komory (left ventricularejection fraction - LVEF - 36±7%, ?rednia warto?? filtracji k??bkowej (glomerular filtration rat? - GFR - 71±30 ml/min, warto?ci hematokrytu 39±5%. Pierwotnym punktem ko?cowym by?a ?miertelno?? ca?kowita. Wyniki: W trakcie obserwacji trwaj?cej ?rednio 232±120 dni, zmar?o 30 pacjentów, w tym 4 podczas pierwszej hospitalizacji. ?miertelno?? 6--miesi?czna wynosi?a 25%. W 1-czynnikowej analizie Coxa o z?ym rokowaniu ?wiadczy?y: obni?one warto?ci GFR przy przyj?ciu 60 ml/min oraz hiponatremia 135 mmol/l, przy wypisie hipokaliemia 3,5 mmol/l. W trakcie badania kontrolnego o z?ym rokowaniu ?wiadczy?y obni?one warto?ci hematokrytu 40% u m??czyzn oraz 37% u kobiet oraz hiponatremia 135 mmol/l. W modelu wieloczynnikowym Coxa parametrem z?ej prognozy pozosta?y nadal: obni?one warto?ci przes?czania k??bkowego (GFR 60 ml/min; RR: 2,40; 95%CI: 1,10-5,21, hiponatremia (Na 135 mmol/l; RR: 2,79; 95%CI: 1,13-6,92 przy przyj?ciu oraz hipokaliemia (K 3,5 mmol/l; RR: 5,11; 95%CI: 1,99-13,1 przy wypisie ze szpitala (p0,05 dla wszystkich. Wnioski: Pacjenci z objawami zaostrzonej niewydolno?ci serca, z towarzysz?c? pogarszaj?c? si? funkcj? nerek, z zaburzeniami elektrolitowymi oraz niedokrwisto?ci? maj? szczególnie z?e rokowanie. W ci?gu niespe?na pó? roku, pomimo stosowania optymalnego leczenia, umiera 1/4 tych chorych. Proste parametry biochemiczne pozostaj? nadal bardzo przydatne w monitorowaniu chorych z NS.

Grzegorz Kapczy?ski

2007-12-01

406

Annual Report: 2010-2011 Storm Season Sampling For NON-DRY DOCK STORMWATER MONITORING FOR PUGET SOUND NAVAL SHIPYARD, BREMERTON, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This interim report summarizes the stormwater monitoring conducted for non-dry dock outfalls in both the confined industrial area and the residential areas of Naval Base Kitsap within the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (referred to as the Shipyard). This includes the collection, analyses, and descriptive statistics for stormwater sampling conducted from November 2010 through April 2011. Seven stormwater basins within the Shipyard were sampled during at least three storm events to characterize non-dry dock stormwater discharges at selected stormwater drains located within the facility. This serves as the Phase I component of the project and Phase II is planned for the 2011-2012 storm season. These data will assist the Navy, USEPA, Ecology and other stakeholders in understanding the nature and condition of stormwater discharges from the Shipyard and inform the permitting process for new outfall discharges. The data from Phase I was compiled with current stormwater data available from the Shipyard, Sinclair/Dyes Inlet watershed, and Puget Sound in order to support technical investigations for the Draft NPDES permit. The permit would require storm event sampling at selected stormwater drains located within the Shipyard. However, the data must be considered on multiple scales to truly understand potential impairments to beneficial uses within Sinclair and Dyes Inlets.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhardt, Christine; Hsu, Larry

2012-09-01

407

77 FR 73732 - In the Matter of Amendment of the Designation of al-Qa'ida in Iraq, aka Jam'at al Tawhid wa'al...  

Science.gov (United States)

...The al-Zarqawi Network, aka al-Tawhid, aka Tanzim Qa`idat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn, aka The Organization of al-Jihad's...of Operations in the Land of the Two Rivers, aka Tanzeem qa'idat al Jihad/Bildad al Raafidaini, as a Foreign Terrorist...

2012-12-11

408

77 FR 73732 - In the Matter of the Amendment of the Designation of al-Qa'ida in Iraq, aka Jam'at al Tawhid wa...  

Science.gov (United States)

...The al-Zarqawi Network, aka al-Tawhid, aka Tanzim Qa`idat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn, aka The Organization of al-Jihad's...of Operations in the Land of the Two Rivers, aka Tanzeem qa'idat al Jihad/Bildad al Raafidaini, as a Specially Designated...

2012-12-11

409

Hanford facility dangerous waste Part A, Form 3, and Part B permit application documentation for the Central Waste Complex (WA7890008967) (TSD: TS-2-4)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. The scope of the Unit-Specific Portion is limited to Part B permit application documentation submitted for individual, operating, treatment, storage, and/or disposal units, such as the Central Waste Complex (this document, DOE/RL-91-17). Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needed by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology alpha-numeric section identifiers from the permit application guidance documentation (Ecology 1996) follow, in brackets, the chapter headings and subheadings. A checklist indicating where information is contained in the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation, in relation to the Washington State Department of Ecology guidance, is located in the Contents section. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in the General Information Portion). Wherever appropriate, the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation makes cross-reference to the General Information Portion, rather than duplicating text. Information provided in this Central Waste Complex permit application documentation is current as of May 1998

410

Molao wa thireletso ya leago ka mo go ditshaba tšeo di hlabologago ta borwa bja Afrika / Code on social security in the Southern African development community  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: Zz Abstract in english The Code on Social Security in the Southern African Development Community (Code) was approved by the Integrated Committee of Ministers in June 2007 in Windhoek Namibia. This contribution critically examines how the Code attempts to develop sound social security systems in the Southern African Develo [...] pment Community (SADC) region. It pays special attention to the approach adopted by the Code in its quest to address pertinent issues such as the right to social security, social protection framework, and social risks as well as vulnerable groups and categories of persons protected. It concludes by observing that the ratification record of SADC member states of the officially current conventions in the field of social security is unsatisfactory. Accordingly, member states must be encouraged to ratify these important instruments. Secondly, preventative and (re)integrative measurers are a part and parcel of a social security system. Thus, the call by the Code for the introduction of these measures is to be welcomed. Furthermore, social security coordination is an integral part of regional integration and the free movement of labour and persons. To this end, the provisions in the Code aimed at these matters are timely. Finally, the Code is not legally binding. Nonetheless, its adoption is commendable for it is a right step towards the improvement of social security systems in the SADC region which are largely undeveloped and, in some instances, underdeveloped.

Letlhokwa George, Mpedi.

411

Hyperspectral surface materials map of quadrangle 3466, La`l wa Sar Jangal (507) and Bamyan (508) quadrangles, Afghanistan, showing carbonates, phyllosilicates, sulfates, altered minerals, and other materials  

Science.gov (United States)

This map shows the spatial distribution of selected carbonates, phyllosilicates, sulfates, altered minerals, and other materials derived from analysis of airborne HyMap™ imaging spectrometer (hyperspectral) data of Afghanistan collected in late 2007. The map is one in a series of U.S. Geological Survey/Afghanistan Geological Survey quadrangle maps covering Afghanistan. Flown at an altitude of 50,000 feet (15,240 meters (m)), the HyMap™ imaging spectrometer measured reflected sunlight in 128 channels, covering wavelengths between 0.4 and 2.5 ?m. The data were georeferenced, atmospherically corrected and converted to apparent surface reflectance, empirically adjusted using ground-based reflectance measurements, and combined into a mosaic with 23-m pixel spacing. Variations in water vapor and dust content of the atmosphere, in solar angle, and in surface elevation complicated correction; therefore, some classification differences may be present between adjacent flight lines. The reflectance spectrum of each pixel of HyMap™ imaging spectrometer data was compared to the reference materials in a spectral library of minerals, vegetation, water, and other materials. Minerals occurring abundantly at the surface and those having unique spectral features were easily detected and discriminated, while minerals having slightly different compositions but similar spectral features were less easily discriminated; thus, some map classes consist of several minerals having similar spectra, such as “Epidote or chlorite.” A designation of “Not classified” was assigned to the pixel when there was no match with reference spectra.

Kokaly, Raymond F.; King, Trude V.V.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Livo, Keith E.; Giles, Stuart A.; Johnson, Michaela R.

2013-01-01

412

Campaign for popularization of the hand-made small size windmills; Tezukuri kogata fusha no fukyu keimo (kaze wa hatashite energy ka)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Ready-made small windmills and hand-made ones now gaining popularity are introduced. Approximately 202 applications of small windmills are known in Japan, those for household purposes involving pumping, lighting, and armature radio, and those in the public sector involving emergency power supply, battery charging, light beacons, power for isolated relay stations and mountain villas, aeration, sewage purification, heating, and monument illumination. Rotor configurations include the propeller/up, Savonius, straight Darrieus, and sail wings. The author introduces two of his own windmills, one a combination of sail wings and straight Darrieus rotors and the other a propeller type 1650mm-diameter three-blade windmill. The former has a sail-wing rotor whose starting torque is large enough to drive a Darrieus rotor, which cannot self-start when under load even in the presence of wind, until its circumstantial speed reaches a value approximately three times higher than the wind speed. The latter has two generators of which the self-excited type is usually connected while an exciting current is supplied to the separately-excited type when the wind is strong. 4 refs., 9 figs., 4 tabs.

Matsumoto, F. [Yamaha Corp., Shizuoka (Japan)

1997-05-31

413

Amino acid sequence of the variable regions of light chains from two idiotypically cross-reactive human IgM anti-gamma-globulins of the Wa group.  

Science.gov (United States)

The amino acids sequences of the variable regions of the light chains derived from two idiotypically related human monoclonal rheumatoid factors are reported. The sequences were obtained through automated Edman degradations of the intact light chains, peptides generated from tryptic digests of citraconylated light chains, and peptides obtained from chymotryptic digestions of light chains. Comparison of the sequences suggests that the idiotypic determinant(s) many reside in the framework portions of the two chains or their J segments. PMID:6794615

Andrews, D W; Capra, J D

1981-09-29

414

Amino acid sequence of the variable regions of heavy chains from two idiotypically cross-reactive human IgM anti-gamma-globulins of the Wa group.  

Science.gov (United States)

The amino acid sequences of the variable regions of the heavy chains derived from two idiotypically related human monoclonal rheumatoid factors are reported. The sequences were obtained through automated Edman degradations of the intact, pyroglutamate aminopeptidase cleaved heavy chains and peptides produced from digestion of the pentameric IgM with CNBr. The peptides generated from the CNBr reaction were further digested by trypsin and the Staphylococcus aureus V8 protease. Comparisons of these sequences and those of the light chains from these molecules [Andrews, D. W., & Capra, J. D. (1981) Biochemistry (preceding paper in this issue)] suggest that the idiotypic determinant(s) in this system may reside in the framework portions of these molecules or in their J segments. PMID:7028111

Andrews, D W; Capra, J D

1981-09-29

415

Amokrân al Husnî 'Abd ul-Hâfiz, Mudhakkirât min masirat il-nidâl wa l-gihâd, Charikat Dâr al-umma, Alger, 1997, 198 p.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Les mémoires de 'Abd ul-Hâfiz Amokrân ne sont peut-être pas une tranche de grande littérature mais ils présentent un intérêt certain pour l'historien. Leur publication est pourtant passée beaucoup plus inaperçue que celle, fort médiatisée, des mémoires de Ali Kafi qui ont occasionné le remue-ménage que l'on sait. Or, en histoire, les premiers rôles ne sont pas forcément ce qu'il y a de plus intéressant. Amokrân, tout second rôle qu'il fut, livre au public un texte passionnant. L'auteur provie...

Gilbert Meynier

2005-01-01

416

1998 BPA habitat projects completed within the Asotin Creek Watershed, WA; Ridge-Top to Ridge-Top Habitat Projects; 1998 BPA Completion Report - November 1999  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Asotin Creek Model Watershed Program (ACMWP) is the primary entity coordinating habitat projects on both private and public lands within the Asotin Creek watershed. The Asotin Creek watershed covers approximately 325 square miles in the Blue Mountains of southeastern Washington. Snake River spring chinook salmon, summer steelhead and bull trout, which are listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), are present in the watershed. The ACMWP began coordinating habitat projects in 1995. Approximately two hundred forty-six projects have been implemented through the ACMWP as of 1998. Fifty-nine of these projects were funded in part through Bonneville Power Administration's 1998 Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. These projects used a variety of methods to enhance and protect watershed conditions. In-stream work for fish habitat included construction of hard structures (e.g. vortex rock weirs), meander reconstruction, placement of large woody debris (LWD) and whole trees and improvements to off-channel rearing habitat; one hundred thirty-nine pools were created with these structures. Three miles of stream benefited from riparian improvements such as fencing, vegetative plantings, and noxious weed control. Two alternative water developments were completed, providing off-stream-watering sources for livestock. 20,500 ft of upland terrace construction, seven sediment basin construction, one hundred eighty-seven acres of grass seeding, eight hundred fifty acres of dis seeding, eight hundred fifty acres of direct seeding and eighteen sediment basin cleanouts were implemented to reduce sediment production and delivery to streams in the watershed

417

Annual Report: 2011-2012 Storm Season Sampling, Non-Dry Dock Stormwater Monitoring for Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Annual PSNS non-dry dock storm water monitoring results for 2011-2012 storm season. Included are a brief description of the sampling procedures, storm event information, laboratory methods and data collection, a results and discussion section, and the conclusions and recommendations.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Rupert, Brian; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhart, Christine

2013-07-03

418

Hanford facility dangerous waste Part A, Form 3 and Part B permit application documentation, Central Waste Complex (WA7890008967)(TSD: TS-2-4)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. The scope of the Unit-Specific Portion is limited to Part B permit application documentation submitted for individual, operating, treatment, storage, and/or disposal units, such as the Central Waste Complex (this document, DOE/RL-91-17). Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needed by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology alpha-numeric section identifiers from the permit application guidance documentation (Ecology 1996) follow, in brackets, the chapter headings and subheadings. A checklist indicating where information is contained in the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation, in relation to the Washington State Department of Ecology guidance, is located in the Contents section. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in the General Information Portion). Wherever appropriate, the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation makes cross-reference to the General Information Portion, rather than duplicating text. Information provided in this Central Waste Complex permit application documentation is current as of May 1998.

Saueressig, D.G.

1998-05-20

419

Al-Rad?k?l?yah al-Isl?m?yah: Afk?ruh? wa ?arak?tuh? f? Ind?n?s?y? al-Ma’??ir  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article endeavors to explain the notion of radicalism in the context of Islamic movements in Indonesia. Of late, radicalism has become a subject of debate among religious groups, especially radical religious movements such as the FPI (Front Pembela Islam, Islamic Defenders' Front and the Laskar Jihad (Holy War Fighters. One of the issues debated is whether the term 'radical' is appropriate and indeed reflects their characteristics. Or, what is the right term to use for these groups. An Islamic movement, as one variant of social movements, is a collective first by an Islamic group to use Islamic teaching's norms and values as the foundation of economic, social, cultural and political life. In this context, Islam is not merely understood as a doctrine that regulates relations between man and God, but also as the basis of political life and as the foundation of the state.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v16i1.492

Tasman .

2009-04-01

420

Assessment of groundwater resources at the delta of wa di sudr, west central sinal, egypt, using conventional and non-conventional techniques  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fifteen wells at the delta of wadi sudre tapping quaternary and oligocene aquifers were used for this coordinated research project between the nuclear center at inshas and the international atomic energy agency (IAEA) at vienna. crop management on salt-affected soils (Such as acacia and atriplex) has been attempted at this area. The groundwater related to the quaternary aquifer shows salinities. that range between 3313 to 8997 ppm with Ph in the range of 7.2 to 7.7 Depths to water table were fluctuated between 5 and 16 m from ground surface with aquifer saturated thickness of 10 m. Salinization due to over drafting and consequently the deterioration of groundwater quality were detected. Groundwater vulnerability resulting from heavy pumping in summer times has confined crop management to that of tolerant and semi-tolerant ones such as cereals, fodder crops and acacia. Salt free or slightly salt-affected soils are encountered in the main stream stream of wadi sudr and its lower reaches

421

In situ biomonitoring of juvenile Chinook salmon (Onchorhynchus tshawytscha) using biomarkers of chemical exposures and effects in a partially remediated urbanized waterway of the Puget Sound, WA  

OpenAIRE

In situ biomonitoring has been used to assess the effects of pollution on aquatic species in heavily polluted waterways. In the current study, we used in situ biomonitoring in conjunction with molecular biomarker analysis to determine the effects of pollutant exposure in salmon caged in the Duwamish waterway, a Pacific Northwest Superfund site that has been subject to remediation. The Duwamish waterway is an important migratory route for Pacific salmon and has received historic inputs of poly...

Browne, Eva; Kelley, Matthew; Zhou, Guo-dong; He, Ling Yu; Mcdonald, Thomas; Wang, Shirley; Duncan, Bruce; Meador, James; Donnelly, Kirby; Gallagher, Evan

2010-01-01

422

Studies on the separation between higher-twist and minimum-twist in the photoproduction experiment WA69 at the CERN-OMEGA spectrometer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A Lund type Monte Carlo program (LUCIFER) is used to describe in perturbative QCD the pointlike component of the photon interacting on a hydrogen target. Kinematical and topological variables are developed to enhance higher twist events on the lowest order minimum twist background. The emphasis is laid on ?±, K± higher twist mesons. (orig.)

423

Studies on the reaction ?p ? ?+?-p at the experiment WA69 in the energy range from 60 to 170 GeV  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the present thesis the reaction ?p ? ?+?-p was studied. The ?(770) was analyzed by means of events in which the detectors and the reconstruction programs have detected the recoil proton. The cross section of the ? production process was determined. The values for the cross section ? (p ? ?(770)p) lie typically at (5.3(+1.6-0.5) ?b. The extrapolation of the differential cross section d?/dt to t=0 yields at a slope parameter b of (6.9±1) GeV2 a value of 65±20) ?b/GeV2 a value of (65±20) ?b/GeV2 and a cross section of ?(?p ? ?(770)p) (9.3±3) ?b. The decay angular conservation. The spin-density matrix elements ?1,-1 and Re(?1,0) are in the mass range of the ? in the framework of the measuring accuracy equal to zero, the ?0,0 lies with a value of 0.09±0.02 a little above. The reaction ? p ? ?p studied with the same data on the decay into 2 kaons was measured with a cross section ?(? p ? ?(? K+K-)p) of (107(+35-12) nb. In the mass range of the ?(1600) both in the data with reconstructed proton and in the data where only the 2 pions were to be detected a significant signal is to see. (orig./HSI)

424

Al-Shaykh A?mad al-Rif?‘? wa Siy?q?yat al-Shar?‘ah al-Islam?yah: Dir?sah ‘alá Kitab Takhyirah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Kitab Takhyirah is a tarjumah book comprises of Kiai Ahmad Rifa'i Kalisalak's thoughts on Islam from its various aspects, such as 'aqidah, shari'ah, and akhlaq. The book consists about ideas that can be considered provocative in the context of Islamic thinking in the nineteenth century especially in Java and generally in Nusantara. Through Takhyirah, Kiai Ahmad Rifa'i has disseminated his notions on the unification of the various doctrinal aspects of Islam. He is different from the general ulama who tend to separate one aspect of Islam with other aspects. For example, Kiai Ahmad Rifa'i argued that Islamic syariah includes usul (akidah aspect, fiqh (Islamic law aspect, and tasawuf (akhlak and spiritual aspect.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v19i1.372 

M. Adib Misbachul Islam

2012-04-01

425

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 10): USNavy Naval Undersea Warfare Engineering Station, Operable Unit 1, Keyport, WA, September 28, 1998  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The NUWC Keyport site consists of two operable units. Operable Unit 1 (OU 1) addresses Area 1 (the former base landfill) while Operable Unit 2 (OU 2) addresses the remaining Areas (Areas 2, 3, 5, 8 and 9). The chemicals of concern are chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The major components of the selected remedy are as follows: Treat CAH hot spots in the landfill by phytoremediation (using poplar trees); Remove PCB-contaminated sediments; Upgrade the tide gate; Upgrade and maintain the landfill cover; Conduct long-term monitoring; Take contingent actions for off-base domestic wells, if necessary; and implement institutional controls.

NONE

1999-03-01

426

75 FR 54235 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Science.gov (United States)

...726, 727, 734 Naval Undersea Warfare Keyport Co: Kitsap WA 98345 Landholding Agency...Bldgs. 901, 911 Naval Undersea Warfare Keyport Co: Kitsap WA 98345 Landholding Agency...Bldgs. 925, 938 Naval Undersea Warfare Keyport Co: Kitsap WA 98345 Landholding...

2010-09-03

427

78 FR 59964 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, and Central Washington University, Ellensburg, WA AGENCY: National...Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington (Burke Museum),...

2013-09-30

428

78 FR 59963 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, and Central Washington University, Ellensburg, WA AGENCY: National...Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington (Burke Museum),...

2013-09-30

429

Alignment effects of |J=3 right-angle states prepared by three-photon excitation: Sixfold symmetry in collisional energy transfer, Ca(4s4f,1F3)+He?Ca(4p2,1S0)+He  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Rank-6 symmetry in energy transfer collisions is observed. A Ca(4s4f,1F3) state is prepared by three-photon excitation. The angular wave function of the Ca(1F3) state depends on the angles of the three laser polarizations with respect to each other. The alignment effect for energy transfer, Ca(4s4f,1F3)+He?Ca(4p2,1S0)+He, is determined for two different initial angular wave functions. Each alignment curve can be analyzed in terms of the same set of relative cross sections for the individual Ca(1F3) magnetic sublevels, providing an independent verification of the data

430

Wildlife Mitigation and Restoration for Grand Coulee Dam: Blue Creek Project, Phase 1.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report is a recommendation from the Spokane Tribe to the Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC) for partial mitigation for the extensive wildlife and wildlife habitat losses on the Spokane Indian Reservation caused by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam. NPPC`s interim wildlife goal over the next 7 years for the Columbia hydropower system, is to protect, mitigate and enhance approximately 35% basin wide of the lost habitat units. Grand Coulee Dam had the greatest habitat losses of any Dams of the Wildlife Rule.

Merker, Christopher

1993-04-01

431

Heart to Heart Art: Empowering Homeless Children and Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes Heart to Heart Art, an after-school program developed for homeless children and youth at the YWCA in Spokane, Washington. Pre-service teacher candidates from a local university create meaningful activities that engage homeless students in visual art, music, drama, cooking, and community service. Heart to Heart Art was…

Shepard, Jerri; Booth, Deborah

2009-01-01

432

76 FR 34101 - In the Matter of Certain Integrated Circuits, Chipsets, and Products Containing Same Including...  

Science.gov (United States)

...LLC, Best Buy.Com, LLC, Best Buy Stores, L.P., all of Richfield, Minnesota (collectively ``Best Buy''); B&H Foto & Electronics Corp. of New York, New York; Huppin's Hi-Fi Photo & Video, Inc. of Spokane, Washington; Buy.com...

2011-06-10

433

47 CFR 27.6 - Service areas.  

Science.gov (United States)

... 94, 96, 98. 5 (Central) 31 (Houston) ...154, 158-159. 6 (West) 41 (Spokane-Billings...off the U.S. Gulf coast outward into the Gulf...off the U.S. Gulf coast outward into the Gulf...100-109. EAG005 Central/Mountain 87,...

2010-10-01

434

Blue Creek Winter Range: Wildlife Mitigation Project. Final environmental assessment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) proposes to fund that portion of the Washington Wildlife Agreement pertaining to the Blue Creek Winter Range Wildlife Mitigation Project (Project) in a cooperative effort with the Spokane Tribe, Upper Columbia United Tribes, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). If fully implemented, the proposed action would allow the sponsors to protect and enhance 2,631 habitat units of big game winter range and riparian shrub habitat on 2,185 hectares (5,400 acres) of Spokane Tribal trust lands, and to conduct long term wildlife management activities within the Spokane Indian Reservation project area. This Final Environmental Assessment (EA) examines the potential environmental effects of securing land and conducting wildlife habitat enhancement and long term management activities within the boundaries of the Spokane Indian Reservation. Four proposed activities (habitat protection, habitat enhancement, operation and maintenance, and monitoring and evaluation) are analyzed. The proposed action is intended to meet the need for mitigation of wildlife and wildlife habitat adversely affected by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam and its reservoir

435

Group 13, 1990 ASCAN Ochoa during wilderness survival training in Washington  

Science.gov (United States)

Group 13, 1990 Astronaut Candidate (ASCAN) Ellen Ochoa piles branches and twigs under a tarp (tent) to create bedding during wilderness survival training at Fairchild Air Force Base in Spokane, Washington. Ochoa, along with 22 other ASCANs, participated in the training from 08-26-90 through 08-20-90.

1990-01-01

436

Partnership Paves the Way to College Success: High School and College Math Teachers Collaborate to Improve Instruction  

Science.gov (United States)

Formed in 2007, the Riverpoint Partnership for Math and Science is a group of Spokane K-12 and college administrators who came together to use their combined resources and knowledge to focus on improving student learning. With a grant from the U.S. Department of Education, the group launched the Riverpoint Advanced Mathematics Partnership project…

Frost, Janet Hart; Coomes, Jacqueline; Lindeblad, Kristine

2012-01-01

437

REGION 10 (EXCEPT ALASKA) GROUNDWATER ACTIVITIES MAP  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a map of Washington, Oregon and Idaho, with inset blow ups of the Puget Sound area, Portland, and Spokane. The map shows RCRA treatment, storage, disposal, and incineration sites, CERCLA sites, TRI sites, NPDES majors, and Sole Source Aquifers Streams and county boundarie...

438

Blue Creek Winter Range : Wildlife Mitigation Project : Final Environmental Assessment.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) proposes to fund that portion of the Washington Wildlife Agreement pertaining to the Blue Creek Winter Range Wildlife Mitigation Project (Project) in a cooperative effort with the Spokane Tribe, Upper Columbia United Tribes, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). If fully implemented, the proposed action would allow the sponsors to protect and enhance 2,631 habitat units of big game winter range and riparian shrub habitat on 2,185 hectares (5,400 acres) of Spokane Tribal trust lands, and to conduct long term wildlife management activities within the Spokane Indian Reservation project area. This Final Environmental Assessment (EA) examines the potential environmental effects of securing land and conducting wildlife habitat enhancement and long term management activities within the boundaries of the Spokane Indian Reservation. Four proposed activities (habitat protection, habitat enhancement, operation and maintenance, and monitoring and evaluation) are analyzed. The proposed action is intended to meet the need for mitigation of wildlife and wildlife habitat adversely affected by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam and its reservoir.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration; United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs; Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation, Washington

1994-11-01

439

The Relationship of Coping Resources to Occupational Stress and Strain.  

Science.gov (United States)

Conducted a field study using the Osipow and Spokane (1983) scales to test the relationship of coping resources as moderators to stress-strain relationships. Found role overload to be the most significant source of strain but that coping resources contributed to moderating this and other stress-strain relationships. (Author/KS)

Osipow, Samuel H.; Davis, Anne S.

1988-01-01

440

Stress, Strain, and Burnout among Career Development Professionals.  

Science.gov (United States)

Surveyed 146 career development specialists to examine stress, strain, and burnout, using the Burnout Experience Questionnaire and measures developed by Osipow and Spokane (1981). While 75 percent of respondents had experienced burnout in the past, most reported currently low levels of stress and strain. (JAC)

Forney, Dea; Wiggers, T. Thorne

1984-01-01

441

ASCANs Harris, Helms, and McArthur during survival training at Fairchild AFB  

Science.gov (United States)

1990 Group 13 Astronaut Candidates (ASCANs) (left to right) Bernard J. Harris, Jr, Susan J. Helms, and William S. McArthur, Jr open dehydrated food packages during wilderness survival training at Fairchild Air Force Base (AFB) in Spokane, Washington. The training was conducted in the mountain forests of Washington from 08-26-90 through 08-30-90.

1990-01-01

442

33 CFR 207.750 - Puget Sound Area, Wash.  

Science.gov (United States)

...will be allowed to be applied to the exterior of vessel hulls, houses, machinery, or other equipment while the vessels are in the...signal lights mounted on the north and south sides of the west tower of the City Light power crossing at West Spokane Street....

2010-07-01

443

Concentrations and loads of cadmium, zinc, and lead in the main stem Coeur d'Alene River, Idaho—March, June, September, and October 1999  

Science.gov (United States)

The Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study conducted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency within the Spokane River Basin of northern Idaho and eastern Washington included extensive data-collection activities in numerous studies to determine the nature and extent of trace-element contamination within the basin. The objective of this particular study was to improve our understanding

Woods, P.F.

2001-01-01

444

Power demand with lowest growth since yen appreciation recession. ; Power facility plan For fiscal 1993. Denryoku juyo wa endaka fukyo irai no hikui nobi. ; 1993 nendo denryoku shisetsu keikaku ni tsuite  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Power facility plan for fiscal 1993 has been worked on with 15 electric power operators and public corporations participating to achieve assurance on stable power supply. This paper describes estimation on power demand, power source development plans and power demand and supply balance, and diversifying power structures. The total power demand for the fiscal 1992 was 799.9 billion kWh with as low growth as 1.3% over that in the previous year. However, on a medium to long term basis, an increase can be anticipated reflecting the growth in the economic societies. The power source development plans need to correspond to the increase in the maximum power demand, and power companies have made development plans for 35 units with a total output of 7.29 million kW for the fiscal 1993, and 43 units with 23.69 million kW for the fiscal 1994. The power supply mix in 2002 assumes petroleum substituting power sources comprising mainly nuclear power, coal burning and LNG burning plants. The Plan intends to promote nuclear power generation as a representative of non-fossil fuel power generation particularly from a viewpoint of dealing with global environmental problems. 6 tabs.

1993-05-05

445

Would natural gas utilization continue expanding. ; Assurance of supply to respond to demand increase and Japan's choice. Tennen gas riyo wa kakudai wo tsuzukeruka. ; Juyo zodai ni taiosuru kyokyu no kakuho to Nippon no sentaku  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper summarizes future prospects on natural gas. The world's natural gas consumption during the fiscal year 1991 amounted to 2 trillion 100 billion m[sup 3],acounting for 23% of the primary energy consumption. Japan has consumed 52.7 billion m[sup 3] (ranked sixth in the world) in the same year. Consumption in Japan, Korea, Taiwan, North America and Europe was 1 trillion 100 billion m[sup 3], 20% being depended on out-of-the-area sources. In 2010, difference between the demand (1 trillion 500 billion to 1 trillion 600 billion m[sup 3]) and in-the-area production would expand, causing a shortage of 10 billion to 50 billion m[sup 3]. As new supply sources, 18 projects are in progress in 11 countries, each with problems, however. A consideration on the situation according to confirmed reserve amount reveals that the demand-supply gap in 2010 may not be filled up. Europe is under a strict situation requiring countermeasures. In the Far East areas, no gap is estimated to occur. LNG price will rise as a result of double hull vessel regulations and increase in distance from supply sources. In order to deal with the LNG demand increase, Japan would have to depend upon supply from the former Soviet Union and Middle East areas. 7 figs., 4 tabs.

1993-06-06

446

Two enzymes which catalyze the amidation of peptide C-terminals are synthesized by a single mRNA. Peptide C mattan amid ka hanno wo shokubaisuru futatsu no koso wa ippon no mRNA yori goseisareru  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Recent findings by the authors are reviewed on the amidation that forms amid structure essential to physiological activities in C-terminals of peptide hormones such as oxytocin,VIP,PP. It is noted that the amidation had been considered to be catalyzed by peptidylglycine{alpha} -amidating monooxyganase ( PAM ) and that the authors investigated the PAM function by expression of PAM cDNA isolated from rat pituitary and its deletion mutant into COS-7 cells, reaching to the important findings of a singl PMA mRNA encoding two enzymes, namely one at 5 {prime} side, peptidylglicine {alpha} hydroxylase which catalyses the conversion of C-termianl glycine on peptide to the hydroxylated form ( the first step of amidation ),and another at 3{prime} side, {alpha}- hydroxylglycine amidating dealkylase which catalyzes the conversion of hydroxylated glycine to the amidated form ( the second step of amidation). 19 refs., 4 figs.

Kato, I.; Yonekura, H.; Okamoto, H. (Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan))

1991-10-25

447

Disinfection By-Products and Human Health. Edited by Steve E. Hrudey and Jeffrey W.A. Charrois, IWA Publishing, 2012; 304 pages. Price: US$ 178.20/£ 99.00 ISBN 978–1–843–39519–5  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The following paragraphs are reproduced from the website of the publisher [1].Disinfection By-Products and Human Health is based on contributions from speakers who participated in May 2011 workshops on Disinfection By-Products (DBPs and Human Health at Ozwater 11 in Adelaide, Australia or at an AWA sponsored workshop at the Curtin Water Quality Research Centre, Perth, Australia.The contributions are prepared to facilitate communication with practitioners, rather than researchers, making use of overview illustrations rather than dense text or data tables. Each chapter concludes with up to 5 key findings that are take-home messages for practitioners. [...

Shu-Kun Lin

2012-05-01

448

Al-Naz‘ah al-Kh?rij?yah f? Afk?ri wa ?arak?ti al-Shaykh Ahmad Rif?‘i bi K?l? S?l?k  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Rifa'i is a 'scholar who spent over 20 years old to study in the Middle East, particularly in Mecca and Cairo. Upon returning from the Middle East, Rifa'i settled in Kaliwungi, Kendal, Central Java. There he devote attention to teaching religious sciences as well write the book. He also actively engage students and the general public to raise awareness of the socio-religious people in order to erode the moral crisis is the result of the work of the Dutch colonial behavior. To that end, Ahmad Rifa'i critique of the colonial government and also the traditional feudal aristocracy became agents.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v2i2.837

Muhlisin Sa'ad

2014-03-01

449

Evaluation of importance of strategic factors in a rural commune with a utilization of fuzzy analytic hierarchic process Ocena wa?no?ci czynników strategicznych w gminie wiejskiej z wykorzystaniem rozmytego analitycznego procesu hierarchicznego  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper is a trial of an application of fuzzy analytical hierarchy process to evaluation of importance of strategic factors in a rural commune. The proposed method consists in build-ing hierarchical scheme. It consists of: general goal, which is ensure the assurance of sus-tainable development in administrate district, basic goals and within each goal, a “package” of activities can be distinguished. On respective levels, elements are pairwise compared by experts. Next priorities of each element are estimated. The proposed procedure was em-ployed to evaluation of importance of strategic goals and activities of the rural commune of Tarnowo Podgórne in the Wielkopolska province.

Aleksandra ?uczak

2012-12-01

450

Genetic information is the best of all medicines in coming century. DNA medicines of coming age; Idon joho wa 21 seiki no hyakuyaku no cho. DNA no iyaku toshiteni riyo  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It was clarified that the genetic information of all the life on earth has the same mechanism. Then, genetic information gives the basis for all vital phenomena, and the cell is filled with the flow of the peculiar genetic information from a gene to protein. The disease is a part of turbulence in this flow, and the medicine plays roles to affect this flow and restore the turbulence. The history of the development of the medicine has been moved to the direction in search of the material to directly affect the function of the gene which is a source of this flow. This ultimately is the gene therapy in which this genetic information itself is made to be the medicine. It is expected to dramatically reform the process of the medicine development and have merits on the medical economy besides it has the possibility of curing many intractable diseases. The genetic information gives a large added value in the genome project. In this paper, the mechanism of the medicine development and the possibility of gene therapy using genetic information are described. (NEDO)

Hasegawa, M.

2000-01-01

451

Recent progress in 'bioelectronics' research. Part 5. ; Bioelectronic devices (molecular electronic device based on biological function). Baioerekutoronikusu eno michi (shorai wa saibogu mo). 5. ; Baio soshi (seibutsu ni manabu bunshi erekutoronikusu soshi)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Living things have a function which can be called as a cleverly designed quantum wave molecular electronic device. Artificial restructuring of this powerful quantum function of the living thing may be the way for the realization of 'bioelectronic devices.' A biological device model based on the electronic transfer mechanism of protein is introduced. To verify if the mechanism of the basic motion of this biological device model can be realized artificially, a study is made to find whether the electron movement in the artificial molecular organization having flavin and porphyrin as the electron transferring group is high speed processing which follows a similar quantum tunnel type electron movement mechanism to the biological mechanism. Dynamic mechanism of the elementary process of photo-electron movement in MHJ (molecular heterojunction) device is analyzed to elucidate the mechanism of creating high photoelectronic conversion properties of the MHJ device. It is concluded that the generation of photocurrent occurs at the molecular film heterojunction in the MHJ device. 19 refs., 9 figs.

Isoda, S. (Mitsubishi Electric Corp., Amagasaki, Hyogo (Japan). Central Research Lab.)

1994-02-20

452

?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? 75 ?76 ?? ???? ????? Tafasir al-mufassirin al-qudama' li-l-ayatayn 75 wa 76 min surat al-Nahl (Ancient Interpretations of Surat an-Nahl 75 & 76)  

OpenAIRE

This article in Arabic surveys interpretations of the parabolic imagery in Qur'an 16:75-76 found in the classical commentators al-Tabari (d. 923), al-Razi (d. 1209), al-Qurtubi (d. 1272), al-Baydawi (d. 1282 or 1291), Ibn Kathir (d. 1373) and al-Jalalayn--Jalal al-Din al-Mahalli (d. 1459) and Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti (d. 1505). The full bibliographical reference in Arabic is: ????? ???. "?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? 75 ?76 ?? ???? ?????....

Hoover, Jon

2007-01-01

453

Al-Jinr?l S?dirm?n wa Ar?’uhu f? al-Dif?’ ‘an al-Dawlah al-Jumh?r?yah al-Ind?n?s?yah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article provides biography of the great General Soedirman (born 24 January 1916, one of the key figures in the fight for Indonesia's independence. one of the more interesting aspects of this article is how it looks at Soedirman's youth and education in Muhammadiyah circles. It was Muhammadiyah - or Hizbul Wathan, a scouting organization underneath the umbrella of Muhammadiyah, to be precise - that provided the young Soedirman with critical experience and lessons that were aimed at giving Muhammadiyah youth physical and mental training. Furthermore, particularly in the period of the fight for Independence, this training prepared them for becoming deeply involved in the fight for Indonesia's independence.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v14i1.563

Faruq Nasution

2007-04-01

454

Al-Ma‘had al-Tur?th? wa al-Ta’h?l al- Mihan?:Tajribah N?r al-Jad?d al-Tawaqu‘i al-Mustaqbal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper will discuss the characteristics of pesantren education in relation to vocational education, background and objectives by taking the case of boarding Nurul Jadid, Karanganyar, Paiton, Probolinggo, East Java.Unlike what Abdurrahman Wahid once argues, since the 1970's, the pesantren, traditional Islamic boarding schools, have not been construed as unique and closed institution, but have become cultural institution actively responding to social changes. Recently pesantren have had no choice but to open their doors to the Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v5i2.755

Murodi Murodi

2014-03-01

455

Jadwal A‘m?l al-A?z?b al-Isl?m?yah f? Indonesia al-Mu‘??irah: Bayn al-Shar?‘ah wa al-D?m?qrat?yah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses the responses of the proponents of political Islam toward the downfall of New Order regime and in creating political power at grassroots level. This trend has been marked by the demand to include those ‘seven words’ of the Jakarta Chapter of 1945 into the constitution. This aspiration has been represented by three major Islamic parties: United Development Party (PPP; the Crescent Star Party (PBB; and the Justice Party (PK. However, this political Islam aspiration has also been expressed by Muslim–based parties, namely the Nation’s Awakening Party (PKB and the National Mandate Party (PAN. These two parties represent Indonesia’s largest Muslim organisations, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU and Muhammadiyah respectively. PKB and PAN do not have agendas to implement Islamic shar?‘ah. The two parties consider that, theoretically, a relation between Islam and politics exists but not in the formal sense of a governmental system.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.351 

Tasman Tasman

2013-04-01

456

Programmatic agreement among the USDOE/RL Operations Office, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, and the WA State Historic Preservation Office for the maintenance, deactivation, alteration and demolition of the built environment on the Hanford Site, Washington  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This Programmatic Agreement (PA) addresses the built environment (i.e., buildings and structures) constructed during the Manhattan Project and Cold War Era periods of Hanford's operational history. As such it encompasses the years 1943 through 1990. The identification, evaluation, and treatment of buildings and historic archeological remains on the Hanford Site predating 1943 will be accomplished through Sections 800.4 through 800.6 of the Council's regulations. This PA will be in effect from the date of signature until September 30, 2000. Completion of the Sitewide Treatment Plan established under this PA satisfies all Section 106 requirements for identification, evaluation, and treatment necessary for all undertakings, up to and including demolition which may affect Manhattan Project and Cold War Era properties. This PA may be extended if the Sitewide Treatment Plan has not been completed by the end of FY 2000. Identification, evaluation, and treatment of properties constructed on the Hanford Site after 1990 will be handled pursuant to the regulations in effect at the time such properties are eligible for review

457

Strategic Planning for Open Learning. A Study of Capital Investment and Planning Strategies for Alternative Educational Delivery at Tea Tree Gully College of TAFE (SA) and Joondalup Campus (WA).  

Science.gov (United States)

The planning and development phases of Tea Tree Gully College in South Australia and stage 1 of the design and construction of Joondalup Campus of North Metropolitan College in Western Australia were examined in two detailed case studies. Both are colleges of Technical and Further Education (TAFE). Strategic planning processes emerged as the most…

Goode, T. W.

458

JUDGE project: a continental scientific drilling into plate subduction zone. 2. Societal relevance of the JUDGE project; Plate shizumikomitai eno kussaku keikaku JUDGE. 2. JUDGE keikaku wa naze hitsuyoka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Need of JUDGE (Japanese Ultra-deep Drilling and Geoscientific Experiments) Project is discussed. This project plans to drill a 10km-deep pit through the subduction zone in the southern part of the Kanto region to learn about the depth in the ground. Information to be obtained from this project will involve global climate change, sea level fluctuation, development of sedimentary basins, origin and migration of hydrocarbons, and the presence/absence of microbes. The force and mechanism causing plate subduction which is a basic problem in science and the plate subduction rate will be made clear. What are important from the viewpoint of protecting people`s lives and safety will be elucidated, such as the prediction of very severe earthquakes to hit urban areas. As for the exploration of natural resources, information about deep-seated natural gas, underground water reservoirs, water flows in deep-level ore deposits and metalliferous deposits will collected, and the feasibility of isolation underground of harmful wastes will be determined. It is likely that the project will spin out some effects on new industrial fields such as high-temperature electronics. While a drilling effort in the sea attaches importance to academic achievement, one into the dry land, like the JUDGE Project, respects the returning of the fruit to the society. 11 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Urabe, T.; Kiguchi, T.; Miyazaki, T.; Kuramoto, S. [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan); Morita, N. [Waseda University, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Science and Engineering

1997-04-28

459

Programmatic agreement among the USDOE/RL Operations Office, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, and the WA State Historic Preservation Office for the maintenance, deactivation, alteration and demolition of the built environment on the Hanford Site, Washington  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Programmatic Agreement (PA) addresses the built environment (i.e., buildings and structures) constructed during the Manhattan Project and Cold War Era periods of Hanford`s operational history. As such it encompasses the years 1943 through 1990. The identification, evaluation, and treatment of buildings and historic archeological remains on the Hanford Site predating 1943 will be accomplished through Sections 800.4 through 800.6 of the Council`s regulations. This PA will be in effect from the date of signature until September 30, 2000. Completion of the Sitewide Treatment Plan established under this PA satisfies all Section 106 requirements for identification, evaluation, and treatment necessary for all undertakings, up to and including demolition which may affect Manhattan Project and Cold War Era properties. This PA may be extended if the Sitewide Treatment Plan has not been completed by the end of FY 2000. Identification, evaluation, and treatment of properties constructed on the Hanford Site after 1990 will be handled pursuant to the regulations in effect at the time such properties are eligible for review.

Lloyd, D.W.

1997-08-01

460

78 FR 14837 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Health Product...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Rand Ekman (individual member), Chicago, IL; Dennis Wilson (individual member), Valley Forge, PA; Aman Desouza...WA; Sophia Cavalli (individual member), Portland, OR; Margaret Montgomery (individual member), Seattle, WA; Peter...

2013-03-07

461

75 FR 14462 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Central Washington University, Department of Anthropology...  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Anthropology, Ellensburg, WA, and Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum...Anthropology, Ellensburg, WA, and the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum...primarily occupied this area (Ruby and Brown 1986:72). As per the terms of...

2010-03-25

462

78 FR 727 - Environmental Impacts Statements; Notice of Availability  

Science.gov (United States)

...EIS No. 20120404, Draft EIS, BLM, WA, Vantage to Pomona Heights 230 kV Transmission Line Project, Grant, Brenton, Kittitas, and Yakima Counties, WA, Comment Period Ends: 02/19/2013, Contact: William Schurger 509-665-2100. EIS...

2013-01-04

463

75 FR 52736 - Environmental Impacts Statements; Notice of Availability  

Science.gov (United States)

...USA, WA, Fort Lewis Army Growth and Force Structures Realignment, Implementation, Fort Lewis and Yakima Training Center, Kittitas, Pierce, Thurston and Yakima Counties, WA, Wait Period Ends: 09/27/2010, Contact: Lisa Booher...

2010-08-27

464

77 FR 60986 - Environmental Impacts Statements; Notice of Availability  

Science.gov (United States)

...307-775-6115. EIS No. 20120311, Draft Supplement, FHWA, WA, I-90 Snoqualmie Pass East, Avalanche Structures, Kittitas County, WA, Comment Period Ends: 11/19/2012, Contact: Liana Liu 360-753-9553. EIS No. 20120312, Final...

2012-10-05

465

An Overview of NASA's Program of Future M&S VV&A Outreach and Training Activities  

Science.gov (United States)

NASA's Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) is implementing a management approach for modeling and simulation (M&S) that will provide decision-makers information on the model s fidelity, credibility, and quality. The Integrated Modeling & Simulation Verification, Validation and Accreditation (IM&S W&A) process will allow the decision-maker to understand the risks involved in using a model s results for mission-critical decisions. The W&A Technical Working Group (W&A TWG) has been identified to communicate this process throughout the agency. As the W&A experts, the W&A NVG will be the central resource for support of W&A policy, procedures, training and templates for documentation. This presentation will discuss the W&A Technical Working Group s outreach approach aimed at educating M&S program managers, developers, users and proponents on the W&A process, beginning at MSFC with the CLV program.

Caine, Lisa; Hale, Joseph P.

2006-01-01

466

77 FR 75434 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License  

Science.gov (United States)

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of...BPH-20121114AGF, From ABERDEEN, WA, To HOQUIAM, WA; TRUTH BROADCASTING CORPORATION, Station KTIA-FM, Facility ID 6417,...

2012-12-20

467

77 FR 1015 - Standard Instrument Approach Procedures, and Takeoff Minimums and Obstacle Departure Procedures...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Subjects in 14 CFR Part 97 Air traffic control, Airports, Incorporation by reference...Port Angeles, WA, Port Angeles CGAS, COPTER NDB 242, Amdt 1 Port Angeles, WA, Port Angeles CGAS, COPTER RNAV (GPS) RWY 26, Orig Port...

2012-01-09

468

77 FR 37659 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions  

Science.gov (United States)

...Location: Firewatch/Tank Void/Lead Handler Support Services, Puget Sound Naval Ship Yards at Bremerton, Bangor and Keyport, 1400 Farragut Avenue, Bremerton, WA. NPA: Skookum Educational Programs, Bremerton, WA. Contracting Activity:...

2012-06-22

469

77 FR 49783 - Procurement List; Additions  

Science.gov (United States)

...Location: Firewatch/Tank Void/Lead Handler Support Services, Puget Sound Naval Ship Yards at Bremerton, Bangor and Keyport, 1400 Farragut Avenue, Bremerton, WA NPA: Skookum Educational Programs, Bremerton, WA Contracting Activity: Dept...

2012-08-17

470

Application of wavelet analysis to the spectrum of ?' states and ratio Re+e-  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We demonstrate the advantages of the wavelet analysis (WA) for resolving the structures in experimental data on e+e- annihilation into hadron states with quantum numbers of ? meson. The WA yields a useful set of starting conditions for analysis of ?' states with multiresonance unitary Breit-Wigner method. We also apply the WA for the ratio Re+e-. (orig.)

471

50 CFR 660.312 - Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) requirements.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Seattle, WA 98115-6349, phone: (206) 526-6133...Seattle, WA 98115-6349, phone: (206)526-6133...mobile transceiver unit or change in service provider before...Seattle, WA 98115-6349, phone: (206)526-6133...replacement, including change of communications...

2010-10-01

472

76 FR 33155 - Safety Zones; Multiple Firework Displays in Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility  

Science.gov (United States)

...Gardner near Everett, WA; Tenold-Jordan Wedding on July 23, 2011 in Shilshole Bay, Seattle...deg] 13.391' W. 4. Tenold-Jordan Wedding, Shilshole Bay, Seattle, WA: All waters...on July 5, 2011. 4. Tenold-Jordan Wedding, Shilshole Bay, Seattle, WA: 5...

2011-06-08

473

Suite of experiments in beam H3  

CERN Multimedia

The H3 beam runs from bottom to top, in the middle of the photo. On its left preparation is going on for WA10 in beam H5, on its right, behind the concrete wall, the S3 beam runs to BEBC. The H3 beam first meets the IKAR target of the experiment WA9 (right, bottom corner) then crosses the polarized hydrogen target of experiment WA6 sitting inside the large green magnet (centre, also visible the yellow support of the recoil chamber telescope). Finally the beam reaches WA11 and the Goliath magnet (under the white passerelle). The WA9 (left) and the WA5/11 (right) huts stand on top of the photo, the WA6 stands at the right, centre. The three experiments were running in alternance.

1977-01-01

474

Blue Creek Winter Range: Wildlife Mitigation Project  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This preliminary Environmental Assessment examines the potential environmental effects of securing land and conducting wildlife habitat enhancement and long term management activities within the boundaries of the Spokane Indian Reservation. Four proposed activities are analyzed: Habitat protection; Habitat enhancement; Operation and maintenance; and Monitoring and evaluation. The proposed action is intended to meet the need for mitigation of wildlife and wildlife habitat adversely affected by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam and its reservoir