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1

75 FR 65516 - ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Affirmative Determination Regarding...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Employment and Training Administration [TA-W-72,971] ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Affirmative...Assistance (TAA) applicable to workers and former workers of ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, Washington (the subject...

2010-10-25

2

77 FR 25736 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA; Correction...Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, formerly Eastern Washington...Spokane, WA, that meet the definition of unassociated funerary objects...Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture Officials of the...

2012-05-01

3

75 FR 58424 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA AGENCY: National...Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, aka Eastern Washington State...Spokane, WA, that meet the definition of unassociated funerary objects...Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture), University of...

2010-09-24

4

76 FR 27668 - ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Negative Determination on Reconsideration  

Science.gov (United States)

...Administration [TA-W-72,971] ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley...workers and former workers of ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley...absolutely or relative to domestic production compared to a representative...workers and former workers of ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane...

2011-05-12

5

Testing the metals hypothesis in Spokane, Washington.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A >7-year, time-series, epidemiologic study is ongoing in Spokane, Washington, to examine the associations between ambient particulate constituents or sources and health outcomes such as emergency department (ED) visits for asthma or respiratory problems. One of the hypotheses being tested is that particulate toxic metals are associated with these health outcomes. Spokane is a desirable city in which to conduct this study because of its relatively high concentrations of particulate matter, lo...

Claiborn, Candis S.; Larson, Timothy; Sheppard, Lianne

2002-01-01

6

WA18  

CERN Multimedia

Front view. The target plates are cut from marble (3x3 m slabs surrounded by magnetized iron) and allow the use of the calorimeter as a muon polarimeter. WA18 was CHARM, the experiment of the CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome(INFN)-Moskow(ITEP) Collaboration

1977-01-01

7

Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2002 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Spokane Tribal Hatchery (Galbraith Springs) project originated from the Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC) 1987 Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. The goal of this project is to aid in the restoration and enhancement of the Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake fisheries adversely affected by the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam. The objective is to produce kokanee salmon and rainbow trout for release into Lake Roosevelt for maintaining a viable fishery. The goal and objective of this project adheres to the NPPC Resident Fish Substitution Policy and specifically to the biological objectives addressed in the NPPC Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program to mitigate for hydropower related fish losses in the blocked area above Chief Joseph/Grand Coulee Dams.

Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Willpinit, WA)

2003-03-01

8

Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2005 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting harvestable fisheries for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). The Spokane Tribe, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Colville Confederated Tribes and Lake Roosevelt Development Association/Lake Roosevelt Volunteer Net Pen Project are cooperating in a comprehensive artificial production program to produce kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) for annual releases into the project area. The program consists of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. The Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake Fisheries Evaluation Program monitor and evaluates release strategies and production methods for the aforementioned projects. Between 1985 and 2005 the projects have collectively produced up to 800,000 rainbow trout and 4 million kokanee salmon for release into Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry for Banks Lake annually. In 2005, the annual release goal included 3.3 million kokanee fry, 475,000 kokanee yearlings and 500,000 rainbow trout yearlings. Fish produced by this project in 2005 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 3,446,438 kokanee fingerlings, 347,730 rainbow trout fingerlings and 525,721 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Meadow Creek and Lake Whatcom kokanee, diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2004 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to rainbow trout catch and harvest rates while the impact on the kokanee fishery was minimal. Success of the Lake Roosevelt kokanee artificial production program appears to be limited primarily owing to predation, precocity and high entrainment rates through Grand Coulee Dam. Recommendations for future hatchery/net pen operations include use of stocks compatible or native to the upper Columbia River, continue kokanee fry and post-smolt releases, 100% triploid hatchery stock rainbow trout used and adipose fin clip hatchery stock rainbow trout prior to release. The Spokane Tribal Hatchery is funded by the Bonneville Power Administration under directives by the Northwest Power Conservation Council Columbia River Basin Fish & Wildlife Program, Resident Fish Substitution Measures, 1987 to current (Subbasin Plan), as partial mitigation for anadromous and resident fish losses in the blocked areas above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams.

Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2006-03-01

9

Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2003 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting a harvestable fishery for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). A collaborative multi-agency artificial production program for the Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake fisheries exists consisting of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and the Lake Roosevelt Kokanee and Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. These projects operate complementary of one another to target an annual release of 1 million yearling kokanee and 500,000 yearling rainbow trout for Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry/fingerlings for Banks Lake. Combined fish stocking by the hatcheries and net pen rearing projects in 2003 included: 899,168 kokanee yearlings released into Lake Roosevelt; 1,087,331 kokanee fry/fingerlings released into Banks Lake, 44,000 rainbow trout fingerlings and; 580,880 rainbow trout yearlings released into Lake Roosevelt. Stock composition of 2003 releases consisted of Lake Whatcom kokanee, 50:50 diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2003 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to harvestable rainbow trout and kokanee salmon fisheries. An increase in kokanee harvest was primarily owing to new release strategies. Walleye predation, early maturity and entrainment through Grand Coulee Dam continues to have a negative impact on adult kokanee returns and limits the success of hatchery/net pen stocking on the number of harvestable fish. Preliminary results of gonad necropsies indicate a reduced incidence of precocious kokanee produced at the Spokane Tribal Hatchery in 2003. This was a probable attribute of change in hatchery rearing practices employed on 2002 brood year kokanee produced in 2003, primarily thermal manipulation and feed protein source. Kokanee and rainbow trout fingerlings transferred to Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake net pen rearing operations in the fall of 2003 for subsequent release as yearlings in 2004 consisted of 645,234 rainbow trout and 627,037 kokanee salmon. A total of 590,000 Lake Whatcom kokanee fingerlings were carried over at the Spokane Tribal Hatchery for stocking as yearlings in 2004. Recommendations for future hatchery/net pen operations include use of stocks compatible or native to the upper Columbia River, continue hatchery-rearing practices to reduce precocity rates of kokanee and continue new kokanee stocking strategies associated with increased kokanee harvest rates.

Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2004-05-01

10

Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2004 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting a harvestable fishery for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). A collaborative multi-agency artificial production program for the Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake fisheries exists consisting of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and the Lake Roosevelt Kokanee and Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. These projects operate complementary of one another to target an annual release of 1 million yearling kokanee and 500,000 yearling rainbow trout for Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry/fingerlings for Banks Lake. Fish produced by this project in 2004 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 1,655,722 kokanee fingerlings, 537,783 rainbow trout fingerlings and 507,660 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Lake Whatcom kokanee, 50:50 diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2004 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to harvestable rainbow trout and kokanee salmon fisheries. An increase in kokanee harvest was primarily owing to new release strategies. Walleye predation, early maturity and entrainment through Grand Coulee Dam continues to have a negative impact on adult kokanee returns and limits the success of hatchery/net pen stocking on the number of harvestable fish. Recommendations for future hatchery/net pen operations include use of stocks compatible or native to the upper Columbia River, continue hatchery-rearing practices to reduce precocity rates of kokanee and continue new kokanee stocking strategies associated with increased kokanee harvest rates.

Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2005-03-01

11

75 FR 58429 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...identified. The 11 associated funerary objects are 1 basalt piece, 1 bone awl, 1 unworked and worked cache form, 1 scraper, 1 pestle, 1 blade fragment, 1 piece of wood, 3 projectile points and 1 knife. Human remains representing a minimum of nine...

2010-09-24

12

At WA3  

CERN Multimedia

View from downstream of the WA3 setup. The electronics barrack is on the right, facing WA2's barrack (left). On the very top of the photo, behind the access door, one can see part of the calorimeter of WA7.

1978-01-01

13

At WA18  

CERN Multimedia

The target calorimeter of the WA18 neutrino counter experiment as installed in the West Area of the SPS. On the background, right the CDHS set-up. Jim Allaby stands at centre, bottom. WA18 was set-up by the CERN- Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome(INFN)-Moscow(ITEP) Collaboration.

1977-01-01

14

At WA18  

CERN Multimedia

By July 1978 the CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome-Moskow Collaboration (CHARM) has set up the experiment WA18, behind WA1 (on the right), in the neutrino wide-band (WBB) and narrow-band (NBB) beams, at the West Area Neutrino Facility (WANF)and started data taking data.

1978-01-01

15

77 FR 12873 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino...  

Science.gov (United States)

...the Spokane Tribe of Indians, National Indian Gaming Commission...held a public scoping meeting for the project on September...Comments, Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Development...notice, during regular business hours, 8 a.m....

2012-03-02

16

The WA98 experiment  

CERN Multimedia

The WA98 experiment is one of the seven experiments (NA44, NA45, NA49, NA50, NA52, WA97/NA57 and WA98) involved in CERN's Heavy Ion programme which provided evidence for the existence of a new state of matter, the quark-gluon plasma. In this state, quarks, instead of being bound up into more complex particles such as protons and neutrons, are liberated and roam freely. Theory predicts that this state must have existed at about 10 microseconds after the Big Bang, before the formation of matter as we know it today.

1994-01-01

17

At WA11  

CERN Multimedia

Starting with february 1977 the WA5 spectrometer of the Indiana-Saclay Collaboration originally designed to study hadron backward scattering on protons, and later modified by the Indiana-Imperial College (London)-Saclay-Southampton Collaboration, was used (experiment WA11) to search for high mass states produced with the J/psi. On the left, Tom Marshall moves in a beam hodoscope. On the right, at the entrance of the Goliath magnet, one sees the 1 m long hydrogen target. (Later the set-up was reshuffled, and the hydrogen target was replaced by a set of Be targets located upstream of the magnet.)

1977-01-01

18

?- signal in WA85  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have extracted from the full WA85 1990 data set a sample of 14 ?-+anti ?- candidates. We describe the selection criteria, and give a measurement of the anti ?-/?- ratio at central rapidity and pT>1.6 GeV/c. (orig.)

19

At WA3  

CERN Multimedia

Installation of one half of the photon calorimeter as a part of the multiparticle spectrometer of the ACCMOR Collaboration (WA3). The calorimeter was 28 radiation lengths deep and consisted of two identical blocks of 40 scintillator planes with 2 cm wide elements, interleaved with layers of lead 4 mm thick. Robert Klanner stands on the right (see photo 7710073).

1977-01-01

20

At WA7  

CERN Multimedia

The CERN-Genoa-Annecy(LAPP)- Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen-Oslo-University College,London Collaboration set-up the experiment WA7 to study two-body reactions at large transverse momentum. Here, Michel Yvert, Alberto Santronico, Per Carlson

1977-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

Preparing for WA34  

CERN Multimedia

Following a proposal by a CERN-Florence-Genova Collaboration to study charmed particles photoproduced in emulsion plates tagged by the Omega apparatus triggers, WA34 was a test exposure to demonstrate the validity of the experimental method. Here (centre) Giordano Diambrini-Palazzi inside the Omega magnet. the validity of the experimental method.

1977-01-01

22

The WA98 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The WA98 collaboration has as an objective the study of the hadron and photon production in Pb + Pb collisions. In these interactions in which hot hadronic matter is produced in a large volume, one can investigate a phase transition to the quark-gluon plasma. In order to identify anomalous events or class of events, a particular attention is given to the reaction characterization. The space phase evolution of the reaction volume is studied by the Bose-Einstein correlations of the charged hadrons while the thermal evolution of the system is determined by the direct photons. The WA98 experimental setup is a highly segmented photon-multiplicity detector placed at 21.5 m away from the target. The photon multiplicity is measured by a PMD detector while the negative particle tracking is realized by six avalanche chamber readout by CCD cameras. A second tracking branch made of two avalanche chambers and two streamer tube planes is associated to a time-of-flight measurement system. The two tracking branches determine the two-particle correlations. A silicon-drift and a silicon-pad detectors are designed for measurements of charged particle multiplicity within the 2.0-3.8 rapidity interval. The collision centrality is determined by means of the transverse energy measured by a calorimeter located at the mean rapidity and the spectator energy evaluated by a 0o calorimeter. The DST production is under way at Lyon Computer Center as well as the preparation of final analysis

23

Exploration systems approach to the Spokane Mountain area uranium deposits, Northeastern Washington  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Within the gross context of economic exploration techniques developed through case studies of known mineralization, this report of research into the Spokane Mountain uranium deposit integrates the results of numerous field surveys and the application of proven scientific methods with the effects of all tasks weighed against those of similar activities and the costs of alternative methods. An exploration systems approach to the problem required a synthesis of information derived mainly from a small mining district in Stevens County, Washington. Data were obtained by utilizing sources of information available to the mineral industry and state-of-the-art uranim exploration techniques, including geological, geophysical, geochemical, and emanometric procedures. The Spokane Mountain mineralization exemplifies classical conditions of uranium deposits that form in the contact zone developed between metasediments and uraniferous intrusive rocks. Geological studies for this report include assessments of subsurface conditions; interpretations of detailed petrographic examinations that emphasize depositional environments, metamorphic effects, alteration, paragenesis, mineralogy, and origin; and overviews of regional stratigraphy, structure, metamorphism, plutonium, and metallogeny. Elements and minerals associated with uranium were detected along the contact zone, Midnite Trend, using geochemical techniques applied to both soils and stream surveys. The coincidence of molybdenum and uranium in the sediments and water of streams in the Spokane Mountain area indicates a nearby source of uranium. The abundance of multielements such as U, As, and F in the soils, checked at various densities and scales, are indicators of uranium mineralization; also, two targets with uranium potential apparently exist in areas peripheral to Spokane Mountain

24

Digital model simulation of the hydrologic flow system, with emphasis on ground water in Spokane Valley, Washington and Idaho  

Science.gov (United States)

A digital-computer model of the hydrologic flow system, with emphasis on ground water, was developed for the Spokane Valley, Washington and Idaho. The current rate of ground water pumping has little effect on water levels in the Spokane aquifer, although short-term water-level declines occur locally. The model was used to show the effects of increased ground-water pumping on aquifer heads and streamflow. Increasing the pumping rates, by a factor of 2 from the 1977 rates, lowered water levels in the Spokane aquifer less than 3 feet during a 1-year simulation. Doubling the ground-water pumping caused a decrease in discharge of the Spokane River, as measured at Spokane, of about 150 cubic feet per second during the summer months and about 50 cubic feet per second during the rest of the year. The leakage from the aquifer to the Little Spokane River was decreased by less than 10 cubic feet per second by doubling the ground-water pumping. (USGS)

Bolke, E.L. Vaccaro; Washington, J.J.

1980-01-01

25

Hsaing Waing: Classical Ensemble of Myanmar  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hsaing Waing is a classical music ensemble and a prominent culturalidentity of Myanmar. The Hsaing Waing ensemble consists of many instruments such as the Pat Waing, Muang Hsaing, Hne, Chauk Lon Bat, Byaung, Wa, Wallet Kok, Yakin, Si, and Mong. The earliest historical record of the Hsaing Waing is in 1544 where the Pat Waing and possibly the Hsaing Waing, was in royal service at the court of King Tabinshwehti of the Taungoo dynasty and prospered under the Kaunbaun dynasty up to colonial rule. During colonization, Hsaing Waing’s popularity declined but other innovations were introduced such as modern recording mediums and broadcasts which transferred the popularity of Hsaing Waing to a broader public audience and brought innovation to religious music, ceremonial rituals, fusion of westernmusical instruments such as the piano, violin and mandolin. The wealth of knowledge and numbers of connoisseur during the Kaunbaun dynasty led to the transfer of knowledge to many apprentices which were responsible for the development and adaptation and continuation of Hsaing Waing during colonization, socialism and independence. The transfer of knowledge was carried out by previous generations through apprentices, family members, close relatives and inspired individuals. The factors for the successful inheritance of Hsaing Waing are management, education, musicians and opportunity.

Chalermkit Kengkeaw

2013-09-01

26

Direct photons in WA98  

CERN Document Server

A measurement of direct photon production in /sup 208/Pb+/sup 208/Pb collisions at 158 A GeV has been carried out in the CERN WA98 experiment. The invariant yield of direct photons was extracted as a function of transverse momentum in the interval 0.51.5 GeV/c. the result constitutes the first observation of direct photons in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. (19 refs).

Aggarwal, M M; Ahammed, Z; Angelis, Aris L S; Antonenko, V G; Arefev, V; Astakhov, V A; Avdeichikov, V; Awes, T C; Baba, P V K S; Badyal, S K; Barlag, C; Bathe, S; Batyunya, B; Bernier, T; Bhalla, K B; Bhatia, V S; Blume, C; Bock, R; Bohne, E M; Böröcz, Z K; Bucher, D; Buijs, A; Büsching, H; Carlén, L; Chalyshev, V; Chattopadhyay, S; Cherbachev, R; Chujo, T; Claussen, A; Das, A C; Decowski, M P; Delagrange, H; Dzhordzhadze, V; Dönni, P; Dubovik, I; Dutt, S; Dutta-Majumdar, M R; El-Chenawi, K F; Eliseev, S; Enosawa, K; Foka, P Y; Fokin, S L; Ganti, M S; Garpman, S; Gavrishchuk, O P; Geurts, F J M; Ghosh, T K; Glasow, R; Gupta, S K; Guskov, B; Gustafsson, Hans Åke; Gutbrod, H H; Higuchi, R; Hrivnacova, I; Ippolitov, M S; Kalechofsky, H; Kamermans, R; Kampert, K H; Karadzhev, K; Karpio, K; Kato, S; Kees, S; Klein-Bösing, C; Knoche, S; Kolb, B W; Kosarev, I G; Kucheryaev, I; Krümpel, T; Kugler, A; Kulinich, P A; Kurata, M; Kurita, K; Kuzmin, N A; Langbein, I; Lee, Y Y; Löhner, H; Luquin, Lionel; Mahapatra, D P; Man'ko, V I; Martin, M; Martínez, G; Maksimov, A; Mgebrishvili, G; Miake, Y; Mir, M F; Mishra, G C; Miyamoto, Y; Mohanty, B; Morrison, D; Mukhopadhyay, D S; Naef, H; Nandi, B K; Nayak, S K; Nayak, T K; Neumaier, S; Nyanin, A; Nikitin, V A; Nikolaev, S; Nilsson, P O; Nishimura, S; Nomokonov, V P; Nystrand, J; Obenshain, F E; Oskarsson, A; Otterlund, I; Pachr, M; Pavlyuk, S; Peitzmann, Thomas; Petracek, V; Pinganaud, W; Plasil, F; Von Poblotzki, U; Purschke, M L; Rak, J; Raniwala, R; Raniwala, S; Ramamurthy, V S; Rao, N K; Retière, F; Reygers, K; Roland, G; Rosselet, L; Rufanov, I A; Roy, C; Rubio, J M; Sako, H; Sambyal, S S; Santo, R; Sato, S; Schlagheck, H; Schmidt, H R; Schutz, Y; Shabratova, G; Shah, T H; Sibiryak, Yu; Siemiarczuk, T; Silvermyr, D; Sinha, B C; Slavin, N V; Söderström, K; Solomey, Nickolas; Sood, G; Sørensen, S P; Stankus, P; Stefanek, G; Steinberg, P; Stenlund, E; Stüken, D; Sumbera, M; Svensson, S; Trivedi, M D; Tsvetkov, A A; Tykarski, L; Urbahn, J; Van den Pijll, E C; van Eijndhoven, N; van Nieuwenhuizen, G J; Vinogradov, A; Viyogi, Y P; Vodopyanov, A S; Vörös, S; Wyslouch, B; Yagi, K; Yokota, Y; Young, G R

2002-01-01

27

Counter support for WA35  

CERN Multimedia

This assembly was equipped with 78 counters, each consisting of a lucite cone, to produce Cerenkov light, and a CsI scintillator plate of 3 mm thickness glued on the face of the cone. The experiment WA35 was set-up in the s1 beam (West Hall) by the Darmstadt-Heidelberg-Virginia-Warsaw Collaboration to measure angular distributions and multiplicities of pions and recoil protons produced by hadrons interacting in nuclei. (See Annual Report 1976 p. 39)

1977-01-01

28

78 FR 7448 - Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Howerton, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Northwest Region...under Section 20 of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act...held a public scoping meeting for the project on September...Comments, Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Development...notice, during regular business hours, 8 a.m....

2013-02-01

29

EPCGen2 Pseudorandom Number Generators: Analysis of J3Gen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper analyzes the cryptographic security of J3Gen, a promising pseudo random number generator for low-cost passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID tags. Although J3Gen has been shown to fulfill the randomness criteria set by the EPCglobal Gen2 standard and is intended for security applications, we describe here two cryptanalytic attacks that question its security claims: (i a probabilistic attack based on solving linear equation systems; and (ii a deterministic attack based on the decimation of the output sequence. Numerical results, supported by simulations, show that for the specific recommended values of the configurable parameters, a low number of intercepted output bits are enough to break J3Gen. We then make some recommendations that address these issues.

Alberto Peinado

2014-04-01

30

WA80 BGO calorimetry electronics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes instrumentation designed for BGO scintillator-based calorimetry of particles covering a very wide range of energies (from less than 50 MeV to 50 GeV). The instrumentation was designed to have a measurement accuracy of 0.1% over as much of the energy range as possible so the energy resolution of BGO would be the limiting factor. Two 1.5-cm2 photodiodes were used per 2.5 cm x 2.5 cm x 25 cm BGO crystal. Both a charge-sensitive preamplifier and a pulse processor were developed specifically for the needs of the WA80 experiment. The preamplifier was designed for high detector capacitance (100 to 700 pF), low integral and differential non-linearity and low power consumption (200 mW). The pulse processor is a time-invariant shaping amplifier with integral peak-detect-and-hold and automatic gain selection circuits. The amplifier use quasi-triangular shaping with 4 ?s peaking time, and the hold circuit is gated with a fast first level trigger. The system has more than 20 bits of effective resolution when used with an external 12-bit ADC. Results from beam tests at CERN are presented. 6 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab

31

Radon and remedial action in Spokane River Valley residences: an interim report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fifty-six percent of 46 residences monitored in the Spokane River Valley in eastern Washington/northern Idaho have indoor radon concentrations above the National Council for Radiation Protection (NCRP) guidelines of 8 pCi/1. Indoor levels were over 20 pCi/1 in eight homes, and ranged up to 132 pCi/1 in one house. Radon concentrations declined by factors of 4 to 38 during summer months. Measurements of soil emanation rates, domestic water supply concentrations, and building material flux rates indicate that diffusion of radon does not significantly contribute to the high concentrations observed. Rather, radon entry is dominated by pressure-driven bulk soil gas transport, aggravated by the local subsurface soil composition and structure. A variety of radon control strategies are being evaluated in 14 of these homes. Sub-surface ventilation by depressurization and overpressurization, basement overpressurization, and crawlspace ventilation are capable of successfully reducing radon levels below 5 pCi/1 in these homes. House ventilation is appropriate in buildings with low-moderate concentrations, while sealing of cracks has been relatively ineffective

32

The J3 SCR model applied to resonant converter simulation  

Science.gov (United States)

The J3 SCR model is a continuous topology computer model for the SCR. Its circuit analog and parameter estimation procedure are uniformly applicable to popular computer-aided design and analysis programs such as SPICE2 and SCEPTRE. The circuit analog is based on the intrinsic three pn junction structure of the SCR. The parameter estimation procedure requires only manufacturer's specification sheet quantities as a data base.

Avant, R. L.; Lee, F. C. Y.

1985-01-01

33

The J3 SCR model applied to resonant converter simulation  

Science.gov (United States)

The J3 SCR model is a continuous topology computer model for the SCR. Its circuit analog and parameter estimation procedure are uniformly applicable to popular computer-aided design and analysis programs such as SPICE2 and SCEPTRE. The circuit analog is based on the intrinsic three pn junction structure of the SCR. The parameter estimation procedure requires only manufacturer's specification sheet quantities as a data base.

Avant, R. L.; Lee, F. C. Y.

1985-02-01

34

{Omega}{sup -} signal in WA85  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We have extracted from the full WA85 1990 data set a sample of 14 {Omega}{sup -}+anti {Omega}{sup -} candidates. We describe the selection criteria, and give a measurement of the anti {Omega}{sup -}/{Omega}{sup -} ratio at central rapidity and p{sub T}>1.6 GeV/c. (orig.)

Antinori, F. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Abatzis, S.; Andrighetto, A.; Barnes, R.P.; Bayes, A.C.; Benayoun, M.; Beusch, W.; Bravar, A.; Carney, J.N.; Cruz, B. de la; Di Bari, D.; Dufey, J.P.; Davies, J.P.; Elia, D.; Evans, D.; Fini, R.; French, B.R.; Ghidini, B.; Girone, M.; Helstrup, H.; Holme, A.K.; Jacholkowski, A.; Kahane, J.; Kinson, J.B.; Kirk, A.; Knudson, K.; Lassalle, J.C.; Lenti, V.; Leruste, P.; Manzari, V.; Navach, F.; Narjoux, J.L.; Penzo, A.; Quercigh, E.; Rossi, L.; Safarik, K.; Sene, M.; Sene, R.; Vassiliadis, G.; Villalobos Baillie, O.; Volte, A.; Vortruba, M.F. [Athens Univ., Nuclear Physics Dept. (Greece)]|[Dipt. di Fisica, Univ. Bari (Italy)]|[INFN, Bari (Italy)]|[Bergen Univ. (Norway)]|[Birmingham Univ. (United Kingdom)]|[CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)]|[College de France, 75 - Paris (France)]|[IN2P3, 75 - Paris (France)]|[CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)]|[INFN, Trieste (Italy); WA85 Collaboration

1994-01-03

35

IKAR, a ionization chamber for WA9  

CERN Multimedia

This ionization chamber arrived at CERN from Leningrad for a high precision study of hadron elastic scattering by a CERN-Clermont-Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon-Uppsala Collaboration in the H3 beam (WA9). G.A. Korolev (third from right) looks at the drawings.

1976-01-01

36

77 FR 54805 - Revocation of Jet Route J-528; WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591; telephone...extends between the Whatcom, WA, VORTAC...extending from Whatcom, WA, to Williams Lake, BC, Canada...proceeds to Williams Lake, BC, Canada...Route J-528 in Washington state. Due...

2012-09-06

37

Probing Circumnuclear Environments with the HCN(J = 3-2) and HCO+(J = 3-2) lines: Case of NGC 1097  

CERN Document Server

We present the first interferometric HCN(J = 3-2) and HCO+(J = 3-2) maps in the circumnuclear region of NGC 1097, obtained with the Submillimeter Array. The goal is to study the characteristics of the dense gas associated with the starburst ring/Seyfert nucleus. With these transitions, we suppress the diffuse low density emission in the nuclear region. We detect and resolve the individual compact giant molecular cloud associations (GMAs) in the 1.4 kpc circumnuclear starburst ring and within the 350 pc nuclear region. The nucleus is brighter than the ring in both lines, and contributes to ~20% and ~30% to the total detected HCO+(J = 3-2) and HCN(J = 3-2) flux, within the central 1.4 kpc. The intensity ratios of HCN(J = 3-2)/HCO+(J = 3-2) are roughly unity in the GMAs of the starburst ring. However, this ratio is up to ~2 in the nuclear region. From the HCN(J = 3-2)/HCN(J = 1-0) ratio of <0.2 in the nucleus, we infer that the nuclear HCN(J = 3-2) emission might be optically thin. The HCO+(J = 3-2) and HCN(J...

Hsieh, Pei-Ying; Kohno, Kotaro; Hwang, Chorng-Yuan; Matsushita, Satoki

2012-01-01

38

PROBING CIRCUMNUCLEAR ENVIRONMENTS WITH THE HCN(J = 3-2) AND HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2) LINES: CASE OF NGC 1097  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present the first interferometric HCN(J = 3-2) and HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2) maps in the circumnuclear region of NGC 1097, obtained with the Submillimeter Array. The goal is to study the characteristics of the dense gas associated with the starburst ring/Seyfert nucleus. With these transitions, we suppress the diffuse low density emission in the nuclear region. We detect and resolve the individual compact giant molecular cloud associations (GMAs) in the 1.4 kpc circumnuclear starburst ring and within the 350 pc nuclear region. The nucleus is brighter than the ring in both lines, and contributes {approx}20% and {approx}30% to the total detected HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2) and HCN(J = 3-2) flux, within the central 1.4 kpc. The intensity ratios of HCN(J = 3-2)/HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2) are roughly unity in the GMAs of the starburst ring. However, this ratio is up to {approx}2 in the nuclear region. From the HCN(J = 3-2)/HCN(J = 1-0) ratio of {<=}0.2 in the nucleus, we infer that the nuclear HCN(J = 3-2) emission might be optically thin. The HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2) and HCN(J = 3-2) show correlations with {sup 12}CO(J = 3-2) and the 24 {mu}m emission. The tight correlations of HCN(J = 3-2), HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2), and 24 {mu}m emission in the starburst ring suggest that the dense molecular gas and the dust are from the same origins of star-forming regions. On the other hand, the HCN(J = 3-2) emission of the nucleus is significantly enhanced, indicating mechanisms other than star formation, such as active galactic nucleus activities. A self-consistent check of the fractional abundance enhanced by X-ray ionization chemistry of the nucleus is possible with our observations.

Hsieh, Pei-Ying; Ho, Paul T. P.; Matsushita, Satoki [Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Kohno, Kotaro [Institute of Astronomy, University of Tokyo, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan); Hwang, Chorng-Yuan, E-mail: pyhsieh@asiaa.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, No. 300, Jhongda Road, Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 32001, Taiwan (China)

2012-03-10

39

AN EXAMINATION OF THE NUTRIENT AND HEAVY METALS BUDGET IN THE SPOKANE RIVER BETWEEN POST FALLS AND HANGMANS CREEK, IDAHO. 1979-1981  

Science.gov (United States)

High concentrations of heavy metals and the nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus are major water quality problems in the Spokane River, Idaho (17010305) and its tributaries. Heavy metals are in quantity sufficiently high to exceed the 24-hour average criterion given by the USEPA (1...

40

Experiment WA1 (CDHS Neutrino Experiment)  

CERN Multimedia

Experiment WA1, also known under CDHS (CERN, Dortmund, Heidelberg, Saclay; spokesman Jack Steinberger), was the first neutrino experiment on the SPS, in its West Area. Magnetized iron (with a toroidal field) forms the core of the detector. On its outside we see drift chambers and photomultipliers (detecting the light from the plastic scintillators further in). Peter Schilly is wearing a white coat. See also CERN Annual Report 1976, p.57.

1977-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Recent results from the WA98 experiment  

CERN Document Server

Recent results of the WA98 experiment with Pb induced reactions at 158.A GeV are presented. The scaling properties of the transverse energy and the charged particle multiplicity at midrapidity with the number of participants is studied. Neutral pion spectra are compared to hydrodynamical parameterizations. The analysis of collective flow at target rapidity and at midrapidity is presented. The status of the study of direct photons and the search for isospin fluctuations is discussed. (30 refs).

Peitzmann, Thomas; Agnihotri, A; Ahammed, Z; Angelis, Aris L S; Antonenko, V G; Arefev, V; Astakhov, V A; Avdeichikov, V; Awes, T C; Baba, P V K S; Badyal, S K; Baldin, A; Barabash, L; Barlag, C; Bathe, S; Batyunya, B; Bernier, T; Bhalla, K B; Bhatia, V S; Blume, C; Bohne, E M; Bucher, D; Buijs, A; Büsching, H; Carlén, L; Chalyshev, V; Chattopadhyay, S; Cherbachev, R; Chujo, T; Claussen, A; Das, A C; Decowski, M P; Delagrange, H; Dzhordzhadze, V; Dönni, P; Dubovik, I; Dutt, S K; Dutta-Majumdar, M R; El-Chenawi, K F; Eliseev, S; Enosawa, K; Foka, P Y; Fokin, S L; Frolov, V; Ganti, M S; Garpman, S I A; Gavrishchuk, O P; Geurts, F J M; Ghosh, T K; Glasow, R; Sen-Gupta, S K; Guskov, B; Gustafsson, Hans Åke; Gutbrod, H H; Higuchi, R; Hrivnacova, I; Ippolitov, M S; Kalechofsky, H; Kamermans, R; Kampert, K H; Karadzhev, K; Karpio, K; Kato, S; Kim, H; Kolb, B W; Kosarev, I G; Kucheryaev, I; Kugler, A; Kulinich, P A; Kurata, M; Kurita, K; Kuzmin, N A; Langbein, I; Lebedev, A; Lee, Y Y; Löhner, H; Luquin, Lionel; Mahapatra, D P; Man'ko, V I; Martin, M; Martínez, G; Maksimov, A; Mehdiyev, R; Mgebrishvili, G; Miake, Y; Mikhalev, D; Mir, M F; Mishra, G C; Miyamoto, Y; Mohanty, B; Morrison, D; Mukhopadhyay, D S; Myalkovskii, V; Naef, H; Nandi, B K; Nayak, S K; Nayak, T K; Neumaier, S; Nyanin, A; Nikitin, V A; Nikolaev, S; Nilsson, P O; Nishimura, S; Nomokonov, V P; Nystrand, J; Obenshain, F E; Oskarsson, A; Otterlund, I; Pachr, M; Parfenov, A; Pavlyuk, S; Petracek, V; Plasil, F; Pinganaud, W; Purschke, M L; Räven, B; Rak, J; Raniwala, R; Raniwala, S; Ramamurthy, V S; Rao, N K; Retière, F; Reygers, K; Roland, G; Rosselet, L; Rufanov, I A; Roy, C; Rubio, J M; Sako, H; Sambyal, S S; Santo, R; Sato, S; Schlagheck, H; Schmidt, H R; Schutz, Y; Shabratova, G; Shah, T H; Sibiryak, Yu; Siemiarczuk, T; Silvermyr, D; Sinha, B C; Slavin, N V; Söderström, K; Solomey, Nickolas; Sørensen, S P; Stankus, P; Stefanek, G; Steinberg, P; Stenlund, E; Sumbera, M; Svensson, T; Trivedi, M D; Tsvetkov, A A; Tykarski, L; Urbahn, J; Van den Pijll, E C; van Eijndhoven, N; van Nieuwenhuizen, G J; Vinogradov, A; Viyogi, Y P; Vodopyanov, A S; Vörös, S; Wyslouch, B; Yagi, K; Yokota, Y; Young, G R

1999-01-01

42

Recent results from the WA98 experiment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Recent results of the WA98 experiment with Pb induced reactions at 158. A GeV are presented. The scaling properties of the transverse energy and the charged particle multiplicity at midrapidity with the number of participants is studied. Neutral pion spectra are compared to hydrodynamical parameterizations. The analysis of collective flow at target rapidity and at midrapidity is presented. The status of the study of direct photons and the search for isospin fluctuations is discussed.

Peitzmann, T.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Agnihotri, A.; Ahammed, Z.; Angelis, A.L.S.; Antonenko, V.; Arefiev, V.; Astakhov, V.; Avdeitchikov, V.; Awes, T.C.; Baba, P.V.K.S.; Badyal, S.K.; Baldine, A.; Barabach, L.; Barlag, C.; Bathe, S.; Batiounia, B.; Bernier, T.; Bhalla, K.B.; Bhatia, V.S.; Blume, C.; Bohne, E.-M.; Bucher, D.; Buijs, A.; Buesching, H.; Carlen, L.; Chalyshev, V.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Cherbatchev, R.; Chujo, T.; Claussen, A.; Das, A.C.; Decowski, M.P.; Delagrange, H.; Djordjadze, V.; Donni, P.; Doubovik, I.; Dutt, S.; Dutta Majumdar, M.R.; El Chenawi, K.; Eliseev, S.; Enosawa, K.; Foka, P.; Fokin, S.; Frolov, V.; Ganti, M.S.; Garpman, S.; Gavrishchuk, O.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Ghosh, T.K.; Glasow, R.; Gupta, S.K.; Guskov, B.; Gustafsson, H.A.; Gutbrod, H.H.; Higuchi, R.; Hrivnacova, I.; Ippolitov, M.; Kalechofsky, H.; Kamermans, R.; Kampert, K.-H.; Karadjev, K.; Karpio, K.; Kato, S.; Kim, H.; Kolb, B.W.; Kosarev, I.; Koutcheryaev, I.; Kugler, A.; Kulinich, P.; Kurata, M.; Kurita, K.; Kuzmin, N.; Langbein, I.; Lebedev, A.; Lee, Y.Y.; Loehner, H.; Luquin, L.; Mahapatra, D.P.; Manko, V.; Martin, M.; Martinez, G.; Maximov, A.; Mehdiyev, R.; Mgebrichvili, G.; Miake, Y.; Mikhalev, D.; Mir, Md.F.; Mishra, G.C.; Miyamoto, Y.; Mohanty, B.; Morrison, D.; Mukhopadhyay, D.S.; Myalkovski, V.; Naef, H.; Nandi, B.K.; Nayak, S.K.; Nayak, T.K.; Neumaier, S.; Nianine, A.; Nikitine, V.; Nikolaev, S.; Nilsson, P.; Nishimura, S.; Nomokonov, P.; Nystrand, J.; Obenshain, F.E.; Oskarsson, A.; Otterlund, I.; Pachr, M.; Parfenov, A.; Pavliouk, S.; Petracek, V.; Plasil, F.; Pinganaud, W.; Purschke, M.L.; Raeven, B.; Rak, J.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ramamurthy, V.S.; Rao, N.K.; Retiere, F.; Reygers, K.; Roland, G.; Rosselet, L.; Roufanov, I.; Roy, C.; Rubio, J.M.; Sako, H.; Sambyal, S.S.; Santo, R.; Sato, S.; Schlagheck, H.; Schmidt, H.-R.; Schutz, Y.; Shabratova, G.; Shah, T.H.; Sibiriak, I.; Siemiarczuk, T.; Silvermyr, D.; Sinha, B.C.; Slavine, N.; Soederstroem, K. [and others

1999-12-27

43

Recent results from the WA98 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recent results of the WA98 experiment with Pb induced reactions at 158. A GeV are presented. The scaling properties of the transverse energy and the charged particle multiplicity at midrapidity with the number of participants is studied. Neutral pion spectra are compared to hydrodynamical parameterizations. The analysis of collective flow at target rapidity and at midrapidity is presented. The status of the study of direct photons and the search for isospin fluctuations is discussed

44

Members of the WA9 team celebrate  

CERN Multimedia

WA9 was an experiment set up by the Clermont Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon-Uppsala Collaboration to study with high precision elastic scattering in the Coulomb interference region. Here: A.A. Vorobyov, M. Querrou, A.P. Kashchuk, I.I. Tkach, J.P. Martin, T. Ekelöf, G.A. Korolev, (?), V.A. Schegelsky, A.S. Denisov, S. Kullander, M. Chemarin, P. Grafström, S. Maury, E. Hagberg

1976-01-01

45

Impacts of future changes on groundwater recharge and flow in highly-connected river-aquifer systems: A case study of the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer  

Science.gov (United States)

The Spokane, Washington-Coeur d'Alene, Idaho Corridor is well-known for its Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie (SVRP) Aquifer which is a sole source of drinking water for more than 500,000 people. The aquifer is highly connected to the Spokane River and responds very fast to natural and human perturbations, making it relatively vulnerable to climate and anthropogenic changes in future decades. Recent studies have indicated a decline in minimum daily flow in the Spokane River in the last 100 years, while projecting an increase in cool-season precipitation into the future. We investigated the potential impacts of these projected future climate-driven hydrologic changes on groundwater recharge and flow in the SVRP. A distributed, physically-based hydrological model, the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System (PRMS), was coupled with an existing Modular three-dimensional finite-difference ground-water model (MODFLOW) to have better estimates of recharge into the SVRP as well as the interaction of surface water and groundwater. The couple model was calibrated and validated at a daily time-step within the Model-Independent Parameter Estimation (PEST) framework using 16 years of both observed streamflow and observed well data (1990 - 2005). To assess future climate change impacts, statistically downscaled climate projections of temperature and precipitation between 2010 and 2050 from four general circulation models were used. The results from the coupled model provide insight on the interplay between snowmelt, streamflow, groundwater recharge and discharge in such a highly-connected system. Moreover, the relative sensitivities of groundwater recharge and flow with respect to changes in climate and land cover are also examined. These results can be used as good references for long term water resources management and planning in the region.

Nguyen, T. T.; Baxter, H.; Barber, M. E.; Hossain, A.; Orr, C. H.; Adam, J. C.

2013-12-01

46

33 CFR 165.1309 - Eagle Harbor, Bainbridge Island, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Eagle Harbor, Bainbridge Island, WA. 165...Thirteenth Coast Guard District § 165.1309 Eagle Harbor, Bainbridge Island, WA. (a...navigation area is established on that portion of Eagle Harbor bounded by a line beginning at: 47°36?56? N,...

2010-07-01

47

33 CFR 165.1308 - Columbia River, Vancouver, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 false Columbia River, Vancouver, WA. 165.1308 Section 165.1308...District § 165.1308 Columbia River, Vancouver, WA. (a) Location. The following...All waters of the Columbia River at Vancouver, Washington, bounded by a line commencing at the...

2010-07-01

48

The exploration and the U'wa  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The document analyzes the different actions taken to harmonize the oil development without impacting the customs of the indigenous communities; like it is the case of the community U'wa in Colombia, where conflicts were generated in the relationship that the oil companies, that which led during some years to the suspension of the activity and the postponement of exploratory projects until the achievement of an understanding that has looked for to harmonize the rights clearly based in the Colombian constitution, according to which the state has right to the property of the underground and its exploitation in benefit of the whole nation, and the indigenous towns that are entitled to the protection of its cultural, social and economic integrity

49

Probing Circumnuclear Environments with the HCN(J = 3-2) and HCO+(J = 3-2) lines: Case of NGC 1097  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We present the first interferometric HCN(J = 3-2) and HCO+(J = 3-2) maps in the circumnuclear region of NGC 1097, obtained with the Submillimeter Array. The goal is to study the characteristics of the dense gas associated with the starburst ring/Seyfert nucleus. With these transitions, we suppress the diffuse low density emission in the nuclear region. We detect and resolve the individual compact giant molecular cloud associations (GMAs) in the 1.4 kpc circumnuclear starburs...

Hsieh, Pei-ying; Ho, Paul T. P.; Kohno, Kotaro; Hwang, Chorng-yuan; Matsushita, Satoki

2012-01-01

50

Nutrient value protein of mutant J3 of agaricus blazei by irradiation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The studies of nutrient value protein of mutant J3 of Agaricus blazei were carried out. The results showed that mutant J3 had 9 kinds of essential amino acids, the compositions of essential amino acids is 46.0% of total amino acids. The amino acid score is 94.5, the essential amino acid index is 92.4, biological value is 89.0, the ratio coefficient of amino acids is 72.3, the nutrient value is 32.5. The chemical score is 74.18. These results proved that the protein of mutant J3 had high nutrient value

51

Rocket Propellant Inplace Flowmeter Calibration System, Propulsion Engine Test Cell (J-3).  

Science.gov (United States)

The inplace flowmeter calibration system of Propulsion Engine Test Cell (J-3) is described, emphasizing the current equipment, calibration techniques, and the calibration results obtained. The system is a gravimetric pressure-fed propellant system which p...

A. L. Berg

1968-01-01

52

FSXLIB-J3: MCNP continuous energy cross section library based on JENDL-3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The general purpose evaluated nuclear data file, JENDL-3, which was newly evaluated at Japan was released to apply the fusion reactor area and so on. The MCNP continuous energy cross section library, FSXLIB-J3, has been prepared from JENDL-3 for the fusion neutronics application. The FSXLIB-J3 library was produced by the nuclear data processing system, NJOY, and the library compiling and confirming code for the MCNP library, MACROS. The confidence of this library was established by the comparison and comfirmation between original JENDL-3 and the cross section data in library. This report describes the format of MCNP cross section library, the production procedure of FSXLIB-J3, the usage of the MACROS code and the confirmation of FSXLIB-J3. (author)

53

Preparation (in Hall 168)of the WA1 apparatus.  

CERN Multimedia

The neutrino experiment WA1 at the SPS consists of 19 modules of magnetized iron in which layers of scintillators are inserted. Drift chambers placed between the modules will complete the detector. On the left, Peter Schilly

1976-01-01

54

77 FR 14586 - Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement; Kittitas County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...WA AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA...prepared for a proposed design change to an interstate highway improvement project...Keechelus Lake proposes a design change that meets the purpose and need for the highway improvements...

2012-03-12

55

BENTHIC MACROFAUNA-HABITAT RELATIONSHIPS IN WILLAPA BAY, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Benthic macrofauna-habitat relationships were determined estuary-wide in Willapa Bay, WA for four intertidal habitats ((1) eelgrass, Zostera marina, (2) Atlantic cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora, (3) ghost shrimp, Neotrypaea californiensis, (4) mud shrimp, Upogebia pugettensis) i...

56

Antibacterial effects of enniatins J(1) and J(3) on pathogenic and lactic acid bacteria.  

Science.gov (United States)

Enniatins (ENs) are N-methylated cyclohexadepsipeptides, secondary metabolites produced by various species of the genus Fusarium. They are known to act as antifungal, antiyeast and antibacterial and to possess antiinsecticidal and phytotoxic properties. In this study we evaluated for the first time the antibiotic effect of pure fractions of EN J(1) and J(3) on several pathogenic strains and lactic acid bacteria. The ENs J(1) and J(3) were purified from the fermentation extract of Fusarium solani growth on solid medium of wheat kamut, using the technique of the low pressure liquid chromatography (LPLC) followed by a semipreparative liquid chromatography (LC). The purity and the structure of the isolated compound were confirmed by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry study-linear ion trap (ESI-MS-LIT). The use of both chromatographic techniques have permitted to produce and purify 47mg of the En J(1) and 50mg of the EN J(3) with a mean purity of 98% completely characterized with the technique of the ESI-MS-LIT. Microbial bioassay analyses were carried out by incubation in MRSA and TSA for acid lactic and pathogenic bacteria, respectively during 24h at 37°C. None of the tested strains were inhibited by a 1ng dose of EN J(1) and J(3). These compounds were only not effective against Listeria monocytogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella enteric. This study highlight ENs J(1) and J(3) could be potentially effective antibacterial agents against several pathogenic and lactic acid bacteria. PMID:21742008

Sebastià, Natividad; Meca, Giuseppe; Soriano, José Miguel; Mañes, Jordi

2011-10-01

57

5 CFR Appendix B to Part 581 - List of Agents Designated To Facilitate the Service of Legal Process on Federal Employees  

Science.gov (United States)

...American Lake, Tacoma, WA 98493, (206) 582-8440, ext. 6054 Human Resources Management Officer, Spokane Medical Center, 4815 North Assembly Street, Spokane, WA 99205-6197, (509) 327-0242 West Virginia Human Resources Management...

2010-01-01

58

5 CFR Appendix A to Part 581 - List of Agents Designated To Accept Legal Process  

Science.gov (United States)

...Center, 1160 S. Columbia Way, Seattle, WA 98198, (206) 764-2226 Fiscal Officer, Spokane Medical Center—North, 4815 Assembly Street, Spokane, WA 99205, (509) 327-0283, ext. 286 Vancouver Medical Center, Send to: Fiscal...

2010-01-01

59

76 FR 65945 - Modification of Class B Airspace; Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...large turbine-powered aircraft operating to and from...potential for midair collision in the Seattle, WA...better segregate IFR aircraft arriving/departing...International Airport and VFR aircraft operating in the vicinity...potential for a midair collision in the Seattle...

2011-10-25

60

View of the WA10 set-up  

CERN Multimedia

The WA10 experiment by the Geneva-Lausanne Collaboration was set-up in the H5 beam (unseparated, up to 50 GeV/c) to study K+-p --> K0pi+-p and other reactions of similar topology, and the energy dependence of resonance production.

1977-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

75 FR 14463 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA. The human remains...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology and Burke Museum staff in...

2010-03-25

62

33 CFR 80.1365 - Columbia River Entrance, OR/WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Columbia River Entrance, OR/WA. 80...Thirteenth District § 80.1365 Columbia River Entrance, OR/WA. A...from the seaward extremity of the Columbia River North Jetty (above...

2010-07-01

63

75 FR 20322 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kelso, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kelso, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...Southwest Washington Regional Airport, Kelso, WA, to accommodate aircraft using the...will also change the airport name from Kelso-Longview Airport. DATES: Comments...

2010-04-19

64

33 CFR 165.1319 - Safety Zone Regulations, Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 false Safety Zone Regulations, Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA. 165.1319 Section 165.1319...165.1319 Safety Zone Regulations, Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA. (a) Enforcement...

2010-07-01

65

Spokane NTMS 10 x 20 quadrangle area, Washington-Idaho-Montana. Supplemental data report: National Uranium Resource Evaluation program, hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Supplemental analytical results for stram sediments, ground water, and surface water are presented. The samples were collected as part of the SRL-NURE reconnaissance in the National Topographic Map Series (NTMS) Spokane 10 x 20 quadrangle. Results are reported for 23 elements (Ag, As, Ba, Be, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, K, Li, Mg, Mo, Nb, Ni, P, Pb, Se, Sn, Sr, W, Y, Zn, and extractable U) in sediments and 31 elements (Ag, Al, As, B, Ba, Be, Ca, Ce, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Nb, Ni, P, Sc, Se, Si, Sr, Th, Ti, V, Y, Zn, and Zr) in waters. Field data and Neutron Activation Analyses for uranium and 16 other elements in sediments and for uranium and nine other elements in water have been open-filed in SRL document DPST-80-146-15

66

CO (J = 3 ? 2) observations of the starburst galaxy NGC 1808 with ASTE  

Science.gov (United States)

We present the first map of 12CO (J = 3 ? 2) and the first detection of 13CO (J = 3 ? 2) in the nearby starburst galaxy with a superwind, NGC 1808. The molecular gas is concentrated in the inner 2 kpc region of the galaxy with extended structure along the galactic bar and along the minor galactic axis. The minor-axis structure can be explained as molecular gas entrained in a galactic wind observed as a dust outflow at optical wavelengths. We have carried out a radiative transfer analysis of the excitation conditions of molecular gas in the starburst region (radius 550 pc) by using the ratios of J = 1 ? 0, J = 2 ? 1, and J = 3 ? 2 emission lines of 12CO and 13CO, and the large velocity gradient approximation. The beam-averaged density and kinetic temperature of molecular gas can be fitted at n H2 ? 103.5 cm-3 and Tk ? 35 K, indicating the presence of warm molecular gas, close to the estimated dust temperature of Td ? 34-37 K. The abundance ratio of the CO isotopologues is found to be [12CO]/[13CO] ? 34. The calculations show that, for the derived physical parameters, J = 2 ? 1 and J = 3 ? 2 transitions of 12CO are optically thick, 12CO J = 1 ? 0 is moderately optically thick, and all transitions of 13CO are optically thin. We have estimated an average CO-H2 conversion factor of XCO ? 0.8 × 1020 cm-2 (K km s-1)-1 in the central 550 pc by using a simple theoretical model assuming homogeneous, gravitationally bound gas clouds with turbulent velocities. In the same region the molecular gas mass is 3.0 × 108 M? available to fuel the nuclear starburst.

Salak, Dragan; Nakai, Naomasa; Kitamoto, Shoko

2014-10-01

67

CO (J = 3 ? 2) observations of the starburst galaxy NGC 1808 with ASTE  

Science.gov (United States)

We present the first map of 12CO (J = 3 ? 2) and the first detection of 13CO (J = 3 ? 2) in the nearby starburst galaxy with a superwind, NGC 1808. The molecular gas is concentrated in the inner 2 kpc region of the galaxy with extended structure along the galactic bar and along the minor galactic axis. The minor-axis structure can be explained as molecular gas entrained in a galactic wind observed as a dust outflow at optical wavelengths. We have carried out a radiative transfer analysis of the excitation conditions of molecular gas in the starburst region (radius 550 pc) by using the ratios of J = 1 ? 0, J = 2 ? 1, and J = 3 ? 2 emission lines of 12CO and 13CO, and the large velocity gradient approximation. The beam-averaged density and kinetic temperature of molecular gas can be fitted at n H2 ? 103.5 cm-3 and Tk ? 35 K, indicating the presence of warm molecular gas, close to the estimated dust temperature of Td ? 34-37 K. The abundance ratio of the CO isotopologues is found to be [12CO]/[13CO] ? 34. The calculations show that, for the derived physical parameters, J = 2 ? 1 and J = 3 ? 2 transitions of 12CO are optically thick, 12CO J = 1 ? 0 is moderately optically thick, and all transitions of 13CO are optically thin. We have estimated an average CO-H2 conversion factor of XCO ? 0.8 × 1020 cm-2 (K km s-1)-1 in the central 550 pc by using a simple theoretical model assuming homogeneous, gravitationally bound gas clouds with turbulent velocities. In the same region the molecular gas mass is 3.0 × 108 M? available to fuel the nuclear starburst.

Salak, Dragan; Nakai, Naomasa; Kitamoto, Shoko

2014-09-01

68

Beam current transformer (BCT) for experiment WA1/2  

CERN Multimedia

In experiment WA1/2, a 400 GeV proton beam from the SPS was directed at a target, downstream of which a hadron line selected, in several narrow momentum bands, a beam of either pi+ and K+ or pi- and K-. These neutrino-parent particles, before entering a 292 m long decay tunnel, passed through a set of 2 BCTs of a design seen here. They measured the hadron intensity (10^10 to 10^11 particles/pulse) with a precision of the order of 1%. There were 2 of them, for enhanced precision and confidence. After the discovery of neutral currents in the Gargamelle-experiment, WA1/2 was the first follow-up, high-precision experiment (Z.Phys.C35, 443-452, 1987 and Z.Phys.C45, 361-379, 1990). See also 7706516X.

1978-01-01

69

Review of strange particle production from the WA85 Collaboration  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Strange and, especially, multistrange baryon and anti-baryon production is expected to be a useful probe in the search for Quark-Gluon Plasma formation. A review of WA85 results on strange and multistrange particle production in SW and pW interactions at 200 GeV/c per nucleons is presented. In particular, mT distributions and relative ratios are presented for ?-s, bar ?-s, ?s, bar ?s, and K0s. copyright 1995 American Institute of Physics

70

The photon calorimeter for experiment WA3 at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We describe the design characteristics and the calibration of the photondetector used in the WA3 experiment. Its main features are: sensitive area of 3 m x 1.5 m, energy resolution for photons sigma(E)/E approximately 0.015 + 0.14/?E(GEV)E(GeV) and two-dimensional readout with spatial resolution sigma = 2.5 mm. (orig.)

71

Korean WA-DGNSS User Segment Software Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Korean WA-DGNSS is a large scale research project funded by Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs Korea. It aims to augment the Global Navigation Satellite System by broadcasting additional signals from geostationary satellites and providing differential correction messages and integrity data for the GNSS satellites. The project is being carried out by a consortium of universities and research institutes. The research team at Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute is involved in design and development of data processing softwares for wide area reference station and user segment. This paper focuses on user segment software design. Korean WA-DGNSS user segment software is designed to perform several functions such as calculation of pseudorange, ionosphere and troposphere delays, application of fast and slow correction messages, and data verification. It is based on a layered architecture that provides a model to develop flexible and reusable software and is divided into several independent, interchangeable and reusable components to reduce complexity and maintenance cost. The current version is designed to collect and process GPS and WA-DGNSS data however it is flexible to accommodate future GNSS systems such as GLONASS and Galileo.

Sayed Chhattan Shah

2013-03-01

72

TIME MONITORING OBSERVATIONS OF SiO J = 2 - 1 AND J = 3 - 2 LINES TOWARD ORION KL  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have carried out time monitoring observations of the 28SiO v = 0, 1, 2, J = 2 - 1, 28SiO v = 0, 1, 2, J = 3 - 2, and 29SiO v = 0, J = 3 - 2 transitions in Orion KL with the 14 m radio telescope at Taeduk Radio Astronomy Observatory. The pair of J = 2 - 1 and J = 3 - 2 transitions was simultaneously observed from 1999 January to 2001 March. Each transition shows different characteristics. Both the v = 1, J = 2 - 1, and J = 3 - 2 masers show a relatively stable double-peaked profile and little variation in intensity. The 28SiO v = 2, J = 3 - 2 maser presents the most active intensity variations including a disappearance on 2000 February 17 and 2001 February 16. The v = 2, J = 3 - 2 maser may trace the closest region to the central young stellar object and results in the strongest variations of intensity and line profile. The v = 2, J = 2 - 1 maser was not detected in the monitoring. The 28SiO v = 0, J = 3 - 2 lines showed a large variation of peak intensity compared with 28SiO v = 0, J = 2 - 1 that might be due to partial masing. The different observational results of 28SiO v = 0, 1, J = 2 - 1, 28SiO v = 0, 1, 2, J = 3 - 2, and 29SiO v = 0, J = 3 - 2 transitions might reflect that individual transitions trace different portions of gas.

73

D0 Silicon Upgrade: CTF Front End Crate J2/J3 Backplane Specification  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

GENERAL PHYSICAL LAYOUT: (1) The backplane is comprised of 2 identical sections, the upper half designated J1, and the lower half designated j3; (2) For each section, there are a total of 16 slots, designated 1 through 16, from left to right; (3) Odd numbered slots are left handed (Connectors to the left of the card), these slots utilize inverse DIN connectors; (4) Even numbered slots are right handed (Connectors to the right of the card), these slots utilize standard DIN connectors; (5) There are 2 60 pin daisy-chain headers associated with each section, 3M part number 3597-6003; (6) The headers associated with the J2 (upper) section are designated J2CHAINR and J2CHAINL; (7) The headers associated with the J3 (lower) section are designated J3CHAINL and J3CHAINR; and (8) Mechanical layout presented in drawing number 3823.113-MD-330045. TRIGGER SIGNALS: (1) There are 21 trigger signal which originate from a given slot and are routed to the slot immediately to the left and 21 trigger signals which originate from a given slot and are routed to the slot immediately to the right; (2) There are 21 trigger signals which originate from the slot immediately to the left of a given slot and 21 trigger signals which originate from the slot immediately to the right a given slot; (3) The signal are designated TRIGjk-n, when j is the source slot, k is the destination slot, and n is the signal number; (4) These signals shall be implemented as 100 ohm microstip above ground plane; and 100 ohm microstip above ground plane; and (5) No terminations. DC POWER: (1) Each slot is supplied with DC power on the connector pins designated as VCC and GND; (2) VCC and GND originates at rear of the backplane via press-in power terminals, their locations are shown in drawing number 3823.113-MD-330045; (3) Power shall be bypassed at 2 locations with a 10uF tantalum capacitor in parallel with a .01uF 100V ceramic capacitor; and (4) The total ampacity supplied by each DIN connector is 3.6 amps.

74

Spin polarization of Auger electrons from the decay of a J=3/2 vacancy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Intrinsic parameters describing the spin polarization and the angular distribution of Auger electrons emitted from atoms are considered. Recently it was found (Schmidtke B, Khalil T, Drescher M, Mueller N, Kabachnik N M and Heinzmann U 2000 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 33 5225) that not all of them are independent. We suggest an algorithm for finding explicit relations between the intrinsic parameters for any particular Auger transition. As an example, the Auger decay of a vacancy with the initial angular momentum J=3/2 is considered. All independent equations relating the intrinsic parameters are found for this case. (author)

75

Spin polarization of Auger electrons from the decay of a J = 3/2 vacancy  

Science.gov (United States)

Intrinsic parameters describing the spin polarization and the angular distribution of Auger electrons emitted from atoms are considered. Recently it was found (Schmidtke B, Khalil T, Drescher M, Müller N, Kabachnik N M and Heinzmann U 2000 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 33 5225) that not all of them are independent. We suggest an algorithm for finding explicit relations between the intrinsic parameters for any particular Auger transition. As an example, the Auger decay of a vacancy with the initial angular momentum J = 3/2 is considered. All independent equations relating the intrinsic parameters are found for this case.

Kabachnik, N. M.; Sazhina, I. P.

2002-08-01

76

Flexible Software Design for Korean WA-DGNSS Reference Station  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, we describe the software design results of WA-DGNSS reference station that will be constructed in Korea in the near future. Software design of the WRS (Wide area Reference Station is carried out by applying object oriented software methodology in order to provide flexibilities: easy of model change (namely ionospheric delay model etc and system addition (Galileo, GLONASS in addition to GPS etc. Software design results include the use case diagrams for the functions to be executed, the architecture diagram showing components and their relationships, the activity diagrams of behaviors and models among them, and class diagrams describing the attribute and operation.

Wan Sik Choi

2013-03-01

77

Review of strange particle production from the WA85 Collaboration  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Strange and, especially, multistrange baryon and anti-baryon production is expected to be a useful probe in the search for Quark-Gluon Plasma formation. A review of WA85 results on strange and multistrange particle production in SW and pW interactions at 200 GeV/c per nucleons is presented. In particular, {ital m}{sub {ital T}} distributions and relative ratios are presented for {Xi}{sup {minus}}s, {bar {Xi}}{sup {minus}}s, {Lambda}s, {bar {Lambda}}s, and {ital K}{sup 0}s. {copyright} 1995 {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Abatzis, S. [Athens University, Athens (Greece); Andrighetto, A.; Antinori, F.; Barnes, R.P.; Bayes, A.C.; Benayoun, M.; Beusch, W.; Carney, J.N.; de la Cruz, B.; Di Bari, D.; Dufey, J.P.; Davies, J.P.; Elia, D.; Evans, D.; Fini, R.; French, B.R.; Ghidini, B.; Helstrup, H.; Holme, A.K.; Jacholkowski, A.; Kahane, J.; Kinson, J.B.; Kirk, A.; Knudson, K.; Lassale, J.C.; Lenti, V.; Leruste, P.; Manzari, V.; Navach, F.; Narjoux, J.L.; Quercigh, E.; Rossi, L.; Safarrik, K.; Sene, M.; Sene, R.; Storas, T.; Vassiliadis, G.; Villalobos Baillie, O.; Volte, A.; Votruba, M.F.; D. Evans for the WA85 Collaboration

1995-07-20

78

Infectivity and antigenicity reduction rates of human rotavirus strain Wa in fresh waters.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The rates of inactivation of human rotavirus type 2 (strain Wa) (HRV-Wa) and poliovirus type 1 (strain CHAT) were compared in polluted waters (creek water and secondary effluent before chlorination) and nonpolluted waters (lake water, groundwater, and chlorinated tap water). Viral infectivity titers were determined by plaque assays, while HRV-Wa antigenicity also was monitored by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Both viruses persisted longest in lake water and shortest in tap water. The ...

Pancorbo, O. C.; Evanshen, B. G.; Campbell, W. F.; Lambert, S.; Curtis, S. K.; Woolley, T. W.

1987-01-01

79

CO J = 3 ? 2 and J = 2 ? 1 observations of the Kleinmann-Low nebula  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An area of sky centred on the Kleinmann-Low nebula has been mapped in the J = 3 ? 2 and J = 2 ? 1 lines of CO. There appears evidence for asymmetry of the 'pedestal' emission to the west of the source centre, probably indicative of an irregular mass distribution. This is discussed in the context of two models of the high-velocity gas, namely high-velocity nonisotropic outflow, and rotation within a compact cloud. Although the present observations do not enable us to discriminate between these, the presence of optically thin CO emission in this source is shown to lead to severe structural constraints on any rotational model. The suggestion that such a model may also lead to an over-abundance of high-velocity stars is not verified by the present analyses. (author)

80

(The 1990 run of the WA80 experiment)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The traveler spent six weeks at CERN participating in the 1990 run of the WA80 experiment. The traveler concentrated on trigger electronics for the first two weeks and on operation of the experiment for much of the next four. New electronics designed at ORNL for reading out the new BGO spectrometer were tested with the BGO in beam. Improvements were made, in collaboration with the ORNL engineers who designed the electronics. Plans were made for constructing the electronics in large quantities. Conversations were had with other members of WA80 about the analysis of results from this year's run and our plans for the 1991/1992 runs proposed for CERN. Lengthy conversations were had about the draft of a first paper concerning limits on direct photon production. Finally, the traveler attended an all-day session of the dilepton working group chartered to consider dilepton and photon experiments using heavy-ion beams in CERN's to-be-proposed Large Hadron Collider (LHC). At this meeting the traveler presented recent results from the group working on such a proposal for RHIC and updated his earlier presentation of June 1990 in this working group.

Young, G.R.

1990-09-18

 
 
 
 
81

Gigafida and slWaC: topic comparison  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the article, the following two issues are analyzed: (a incorporation of texts from the Internet into existing reference corpora and comparison with the existence of web corpora, and (b the latest two corpora of Slovenian language texts: the Gigafida corpus consisting mainly of printed texts and to a lesser extent also web texts, and the slWaC corpus which is entirely compiled from web texts. First, similarities and differences between the two corpora are identified using the topic modelling method, and then the same method is applied to the individual taxonomic categories of the Gigafida corpus. The first part of the analysis showed that the work of reference corpus compilers is currently still incoherent with regard to the incorporation of Internet texts into corpora which should reveal the overall picture of a certain language. In case compilers decide to incorporate web texts, the range of included genres is generally broad. The second part of the analysis showed a significant thematic variation between the Gigafida and slWaC corpora, and pointed out the most typical themes covered by each of the six Gigafida corpus parts.

Nataša Logar Berginc

2013-05-01

82

Nuclear group constant set FUSION-J3 for fusion reactor nuclear calculations based on JENDL-3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Based on evaluated nuclear data file JENDL-3, published in April 1990, we produced a nuclear group constant set 'FUSION-J3' for fusion reactor nuclear calculation by ANISN code instead of GICX40 produced in 1977. The set FUSION-J3 is the coupled group constant set with neutron 125 and gamma-ray 40 group structure, and has the maximum order of 5 as Legendre expansion in scattering cross section. Forty nuclides included in FUSION-J3 can be used in fusion reactor nuclear calculations. Considering mobility in two-dimensional calculations and fixed group structure in induced activity calculation code system as the GICX40 structure, we composed also FUSION-40 group constant set with neutron 42 group and gamma-ray 21 group structure. The set FUSION-40 includes the same maximum order of the Legendre expansion and the same nuclides as FUSION-J3. From the results in experimental analysis and benchmark calculations, it became proved that JENDL-3 is at higher level of accuracy than ENDF/B-IV and -V. The set FUSION-J3 can be clear applicable to fusion reactor nuclear calculations. (author)

83

77 FR 26699 - Safety Zone; Coast Guard Exercise, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Coast Guard Exercise, Hood Canal, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...in a Coast Guard Ready for Operations exercise in Hood Canal, WA that will take place...safety of the maritime public during the exercise and will do so by prohibiting any...

2012-05-07

84

77 FR 60960 - Safety Zone, Coast Guard Exercise Area, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1625-AA00 Safety Zone, Coast Guard Exercise Area, Hood Canal, WA AGENCY: Coast...vessels involved in Coast Guard training exercises in Hood Canal, WA. A safety zone is...safety of the maritime public during these exercises, which involve fast moving surface...

2012-10-05

85

76 FR 70649 - Safety Zone; Department of Defense Exercise, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Department of Defense Exercise, Hood Canal, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...vessels involved in a Department of Defense exercise in Hood Canal, WA that will take place...safety of the maritime public during the exercise. The zone will do so by...

2011-11-15

86

78 FR 21063 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Snohomish River and Steamboat Slough, Everett, and Marysville, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Regulations; Snohomish River and Steamboat Slough, Everett, and Marysville, WA AGENCY...and the SR 529 Bridges across Steamboat Slough, mile 1.1, near Marysville, WA...across the Snohomish River and Steamboat Slough remain closed to vessel traffic to...

2013-04-09

87

77 FR 22217 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Snohomish River and Steamboat Slough, Everett and Marysville, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Regulation; Snohomish River and Steamboat Slough, Everett and Marysville, WA AGENCY...and the SR 529 Bridge across Steamboat Slough, mile 1.1, near Marysville, WA...and the SR 529 Bridge across Steamboat Slough remain closed to vessel traffic to...

2012-04-13

88

Contemporary "Hoisan-wa" Language Maintenance in Northern California: Evidence from Fourteen Frog Story Narratives  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores uninvestigated issues in Cantonese and "Hoisan-wa" language maintenance from an ethnic Chinese diaspora point of view. Data come from a larger study looking at Frog Story narratives from 140 Cantonese-English bilingual children in California. Fourteen of these children were found to display uniquely "Hoisan-wa" phonology and…

Leung, Genevieve

2012-01-01

89

STATE/EPA WATER QUALITY-LIMITED WATERBODIES (CWA SECT 303(D)) FOR WA, ID, OR  

Science.gov (United States)

Major Attributes: Causes of impairment, & extent of waterbodies listed Water Quality Limited/TMDL designations (303(d)). Easily incorporated into maps at the region, county, & basin level. Scale: 1:100,000, via the digital stream reach files. Extent: WA, ID, OR. Source: WA...

90

33 CFR 165.1303 - Puget Sound and adjacent waters, WA-regulated navigation area.  

Science.gov (United States)

... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Puget Sound and adjacent waters, WA-regulated navigation area. 165.1303 Section...Thirteenth Coast Guard District § 165.1303 Puget Sound and adjacent waters, WA—regulated navigation area. (a)...

2010-07-01

91

Wide field CO J = 3¿2 mapping of the Serpens Cloud Core  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Context. Outflows provide indirect means to get an insight on diverse star formation associated phenomena. On scales of individual protostellar cores, outflows combined with intrinsic core properties can be used to study the mass accretion/ejection process of heavily embedded protostellar sources. Aims. The main objective of the paper is to study the overall outflow distribution and association with the young population of the Serpens Core cluster. In addition, the paper addresses the correlation of the outflow momentum flux with the bolometric luminosity of their driving sources using this homogeneous dataset for a single star forming site. Methods. An area comprising 460''×230'' of the Serpens cloud core has been mapped in 12CO J = 3¿2 with the HARP-B heterodyne array at the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope; J = 3¿2 observations are more sensitive tracers of hot outflow gas than lower J CO transitions; combined with the high sensitivity of the HARP-B receptors outflows are sharply outlined, enabling their association with individual protostellar cores. Results. Most of ~20 observed outflows are found to be associated with known protostellar sources in bipolar or unipolar config- urations. All but two outflow/core pairs in our sample tend to have a projected orientation spanning roughly NW-SE. The overall momentum driven by outflows in Serpens lies between 3.2 and 5.1 × 10-1 M¿km s-1, the kinetic energy from 4.3 to 6.7 × 1043 erg and momentum flux is between 2.8 and 4.4 × 10-4 M¿ km s-1 yr-1. Bolometric luminosities of protostellar cores based on Spitzer photometry are found up to an order of magnitude lower than previous estimations derived with IRAS/ISO data. Conclusions. We confirm the validity of the existing correlations between the momentum flux and bolometric luminosity of Class I sources for the homogenous sample of Serpens, though we suggest that they should be revised by a shift to lower luminosities. All protostars classified as Class 0 sources stand well above the known Class I correlations, indicating a decline in momentum flux between the two classes.

Dionatos, Odyssefs; Nisini, Brunella

2010-01-01

92

A Preshower Photon Multiplicity Detector for the WA98 Experiment  

CERN Document Server

A high granularity preshower detector has been fabricated and installed in the WA98 Experiment at the CERN SPS for measuring the spatial distribution of photons produced in the forward region in lead ion induced interactions. Photons are counted by detecting the preshower signal in plastic scintillator pads placed behind a 3 radiation length thick lead converter and applying a threshold on the scintillator signal to reject the minimum ionizing particles. Techniques to improve the imaging of the fibre and performance of the detector in the high multiplicity environment of lead-lead collisions are described. Using Monte-Carlo simulation methods and test beam data of pi- and e- at various energies the photon counting efficiency is estimated to be 68% for central and 73% for peripheral Pb+Pb collisions.

Aggarwal, M M; Ahammed, Z; Baba, P V K S; Badyal, S K; Bhalla, K B; Bhatia, V S; Chattopadhyay, S; Das, A C; Dutta-Majumdar, M R; Ganti, M S; Ghosh, T K; Sen-Gupta, S K; Gutbrod, H H; Kachru, S; Kolb, B W; Kumar, V; Langbein, I; Mahapatra, D P; Mishra, G C; Mukhopadhyay, D S; Nandi, B K; Nayak, S K; Nayak, T K; Purschke, M L; Raniwala, S; Ramamurthy, V S; Rao, N K; Sambyal, S S; Sinha, B C; Trivedi, M D; Urbán, J; Viyogi, Y P

1999-01-01

93

An Extragalactic 12CO J=3-2 survey with the Heinrich-Hertz-Telescope  

CERN Document Server

We present results of a ^{12}CO J = 3-2 survey of 125 nearby galaxies obtained with the 10-m Heinrich-Hertz-Telescope, with the aim to characterize the properties of warm and dense molecular gas in a large variety of environments. With an angular resolution of 22'', ^{12}CO 3-2 emission was detected in 114 targets. Based on 61 galaxies observed with equal beam sizes the ^{12}CO 3-2/1-0 integrated line intensity ratio R_{31} is found to vary from 0.2 to 1.9, with an average value of 0.81. No correlations are found for R_{31} to Hubble type and far infrared luminosity. Possible indications for a correlation with inclination angle and the 60mum/100mum color temperature of the dust are not significant. Higher R_{31} ratios than in ``normal'' galaxies, hinting at enhanced molecular excitation, may be found in galaxies hosting active galactic nuclei. Even higher average values are determined for galaxies with bars or starbursts, the latter being identified by the ratio of infrared luminosity versus isophotal area, ...

Mao, Rui-Qing; Henkel, Christian; Mauersberger, Rainer; Muders, Dirk; Dihn-V-Trung,

2010-01-01

94

Development of creep strain equations for ka-SUS410J3 (Grade 122)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Evaluation of the failure under creep deformation is essential in design and life management of high-temperature components constituting power generation plants. Deformation model as well as life evaluation rule plays an important role in such a evaluation and their accuracy needs to be qualified. In order to estimate variation of stress distribution with time due to creep deformation, creep strain equations are required to be used and their accuracy is important for the reliability of the assessment of creep damage. Creep strain equations for ka-SUS410J3 (ASME Grade 122) steel which is widely used in ultra-super critical thermal power plants were developed in this study. Expressions for the primary and the tertiary creep deformations were developed as well as those for the secondary creep deformation with special attentions to the difference between short-term and long-term behavior as well as dependency of the starting point of the tertiary creep phase on temperature and rupture time. (author)

95

Gas and dust in NGC 7469 sub-mm imaging and CO J=3-2  

CERN Document Server

We present sensitive sub-mm imaging of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 7469 at 850$\\mu $m and 450 $\\mu $m with the Submillimetre Common User Bolometer Array(SCUBA) on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) and ^{12}CO J=3-2 lineobservations of its central starbursting region. The global dust spectrum, asconstrained by the new set of sub-mm data and available 1.30 mm and IRAS 100$\\mu $m, 60 $\\mu $m data reveals a dominant warm dust component with atemperature of $\\rm T_{\\rm d} \\sim 35$ K and a global molecular gas-to-dustratio $\\rm M(H_2)/M_{\\rm d}\\sim 600$. Such high values are typical forIR-bright spirals and in order to reconcile them with the significantly lowerratio of ~ 100 obtained for the Milky Way a cold dust reservoir, inconspicuousat FIR wavelengths, is usually postulated. We present evidence that, ratherthan unaccounted cold dust mass, this high ratio suggests an overestimate of$\\rm M(H_2)$ from its associated ^{12}CO J=1-0 line luminosity by a factor of ~5 when a Milky Way value for this conversion is ...

Allen, P P; Allen, Padeli P.; Papadopoulos, Michael L.

2000-01-01

96

CYP2J3 Gene Delivery Reduces Insulin Resistance via Upregulation of eNOS in Fructose-treated Rats  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Accumulating evidence suggests that cytochrome P450 (CYP epoxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid into epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs which play important roles in various pathophysiological processes. Interestingly, CYP-derived eicosanoids are vasodilatory, at least in part through their ability to activate eNOS and subsequent NO release. This study investigated the roles of eNOS in CYP2J3 gene delivery reducing blood pressure and improving insulin resistance in fructose-treated rats. CYP2J3 overexpression in vivo increased EET generation, reduced blood pressure and reversed insulin resistance as determined by insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR. Furthermore, administration of eNOS inhibitor L-NMMA significantly and partially abolished the beneficial effects of CYP2J3 gene delivery on hypertension and insulin resistance induced by fructose intake, and possible mechanism is associated with increased ET-1, ETA-receptor mRNA expression and reduced sensitivity of insulin to peripheral tissues and organs characterized by reduced activity of IRS-1/PI3K/AKT and AMPK signalling pathways. These data provide direct evidence that CYP2J3-derived EETs may alleviate insulin resistance at least in part through upregulated eNOS expression.

Xu Xizhen

2011-12-01

97

Strong decays of ?cJ(2P) and ?cJ(3P)  

Science.gov (United States)

In the framework of the chiral quark model, the mass spectrum of ? cJ ( J = 0, 1, 2, n = 1, 2, 3) is studied with the Gaussian expansion method. Using the wave functions obtained in the study of mass spectrum, the open charm two-body strong decay widths of these states are calculated by using the 3 P 0 model. The results show that the masses of ? cJ (1 P) and ? c2(2 P) are consistent with the experimental data. But the strong decay width of ? c2(2 P) is three times that of the experimental value. The decay width of ? c1(2 P) is sensitive to its mass. In the quark-antiquark picture, the width is about 385 MeV. However, if the channel coupling effects shift its mass to 3872 MeV, its decay width will be around 1 MeV. The possibility of assigning the state X(3872) as ? c1(2 P) cannot be excluded. To assign X(3915) as ? c0(2 P) is disfavored, due to the unmatching of decay channel. For the ? cJ (3 P) states, no states have been assigned. The possible candidates of ? c0(3 P) are X(4160) and X(4140). Their masses are close to the theoretical ones. The experimental branching ratio of X(4160), is compatible with that of ? c0(3 P), 0.07. However the broad decay width of X(4160) cannot be explained by the open charm two-body decay. To assign X(4140) as ? c0(3 P) is also possible, due to the compatibility of the total decay width, the further measurement of decay modes of X(4140) are expected to justify the assignment.

Wang, Hui; Yang, Youchang; Ping, Jialun

2014-04-01

98

Strong decays of ?{sub cJ}(2P) and ?{sub cJ}(3P)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the framework of the chiral quark model, the mass spectrum of ?{sub cJ}(J = 0, 1, 2, n = 1, 2, 3) is studied with the Gaussian expansion method. Using the wave functions obtained in the study of mass spectrum, the open charm two-body strong decay widths of these states are calculated by using the {sup 3}P{sub 0} model. The results show that the masses of ?{sub cJ}(1P) and ?{sub c2}(2P) are consistent with the experimental data. But the strong decay width of ?{sub c2}(2P) is three times that of the experimental value. The decay width of ?{sub c1}(2P) is sensitive to its mass. In the quark-antiquark picture, the width is about 385 MeV. However, if the channel coupling effects shift its mass to 3872 MeV, its decay width will be around 1 MeV. The possibility of assigning the state X(3872) as ?{sub c1}(2P) cannot be excluded. To assign X(3915) as ?{sub c0}(2P) is disfavored, due to the unmatching of decay channel. For the ?{sub cJ}(3P) states, no states have been assigned. The possible candidates of ?{sub c0}(3P) are X(4160) and X(4140). Their masses are close to the theoretical ones. The experimental branching ratio of X(4160), ? (X(4160) ? D anti D)/? (X(4160) ? D* anti D*) < 0.09 is compatible with that of ?{sub c0}(3P), 0.07. However the broad decay width of X(4160) cannot be explained by the open charm two-body decay. To assign X(4140) as ?{sub c0}(3P) is also possible, due to the compatibility of the total decay width, the further measurement of decay modes of X(4140) are expected to justify the assignment. (orig.)

Wang, Hui; Ping, Jialun [Nanjing Normal University and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Numerical Simulation of Large Scale Complex Systems, Department of Physics, Nanjing (China); Yang, Youchang [Zunyi Normal College, Department of Physics, Zunyi (China)

2014-04-15

99

WaVPeak: Picking NMR peaks through wavelet-based smoothing and volume-based filtering  

Motivation: Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has been widely used as a powerful tool to determine the 3D structures of proteins in vivo. However, the post-spectra processing stage of NMR structure determination usually involves a tremendous amount of time and expert knowledge, which includes peak picking, chemical shift assignment and structure calculation steps. Detecting accurate peaks from the NMR spectra is a prerequisite for all following steps, and thus remains a key problem in automatic NMR structure determination. Results: We introduce WaVPeak, a fully automatic peak detection method. WaVPeak first smoothes the given NMR spectrum by wavelets. The peaks are then identified as the local maxima. The false positive peaks are filtered out efficiently by considering the volume of the peaks. WaVPeak has two major advantages over the state-of-the-art peak-picking methods. First, through wavelet-based smoothing, WaVPeak does not eliminate any data point in the spectra. Therefore, WaVPeak is able to detect weak peaks that are embedded in the noise level. NMR spectroscopists need the most help isolating these weak peaks. Second, WaVPeak estimates the volume of the peaks to filter the false positives. This is more reliable than intensity-based filters that are widely used in existing methods. We evaluate the performance of WaVPeak on the benchmark set proposed by PICKY (Alipanahi et al., 2009), one of the most accurate methods in the literature. The dataset comprises 32 2D and 3D spectra from eight different proteins. Experimental results demonstrate that WaVPeak achieves an average of 96%, 91%, 88%, 76% and 85% recall on 15N-HSQC, HNCO, HNCA, HNCACB and CBCA(CO)NH, respectively. When the same number of peaks are considered, WaVPeak significantly outperforms PICKY. The Author(s) 2012. Published by Oxford University Press.

Liu, Zhi

2012-02-10

100

$J$ functions for the process ud$\\to$WA  

CERN Document Server

In this paper we present a description of the universal approach for analytic calculations for a certain class of $J$ functions for six topologies of the boxes for process $ud\\rightarrow WA$. These functions $J$ arise at the reduction of infrared divergent box diagrams. The standard Passarino--Veltman reduction of four-point box diagram with an internal photon line connecting two external lines on the mass shell leads to infrared-divergent and mass-singular $D_0$ functions. In the system SANC a systematic procedure is adopted to separate both types of singularities into the simplest objects, namely $C_0$ functions. % The infrared divergences of $C_0$'s can be regularized then by any method: %photon mass, dimensionally or by the width of an unstable particle. The functions $J$, in turn, are represented as certain linear combinations of the standard $D_0$ and $C_0$ functions. The former are free of both types of singularities and are expressed as explicit and compact linear combinations of dilogarithm functions...

Bardin, D; Uglov, E; von Schlippe, W

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

75 FR 81641 - Odessa Subarea Special Study; Adams, Franklin, Grant, and Lincoln Counties, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Reclamation [INT-DES 10-54] Odessa Subarea Special Study; Adams, Franklin, Grant, and Lincoln Counties, WA AGENCY: Bureau of Reclamation, Interior. ACTION: Notice for extension of the public comment period for...

2010-12-28

102

78 FR 25471 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-05-01

103

78 FR 19297 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

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...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-03-29

104

78 FR 5201 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-01-24

105

78 FR 5200 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-01-24

106

78 FR 5198 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

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...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-01-24

107

78 FR 11673 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

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...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-02-19

108

78 FR 19298 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2013-03-29

109

77 FR 51563 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human...University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

2012-08-24

110

76 FR 48177 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Maurice Major, Cultural Resource Specialist, Washington State Department of Natural Resources, P.O. Box 47000, 1111...State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA, and in the possession of the University of...

2011-08-08

111

77 FR 27085 - TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, WA; Notice of Negative Determination...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Administration [TA-W-80,454] TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, WA; Notice of Negative Determination...workers and former workers of TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, Washington (subject firm)....

2012-05-08

112

78 FR 78379 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA AGENCY: National Park...of Anthropology at Washington State University has completed an inventory of human...of Anthropology at Washington State University. If no additional requestors come...

2013-12-26

113

77 FR 38236 - Special Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival, Carr Inlet, Cutts Island, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...to establish a Special Local Regulation (SLR) around Cutts Island located in Carr Inlet, WA. This SLR is necessary to ensure the safety of the maritime...participants, a Special Local Regulation (SLR) is necessary to ensure safety of the...

2012-06-27

114

Testing Buda-Lund hydro model on particle correlations and spectra in NA44, WA93 and WA98 heavy ion experiments  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Analytic and numerical approximation to a hydrodynamical model describing longitudinally expanding, cylindrically symmetric, finite systems are fitted to preliminary NA44 data measured in 200 AGeV central S + Pb reactions. The model describes the measured spectra and HBT radii of pions, kaons and protons, simultaneously. Fits to preliminary WA93 200 AGeV S + Au and WA98 158 AGeV Pb + Pb data dominated by pions indicate similar model parameters. The absolute normalization of the measured particle spectra together with the experimental determination of both the statistical and the systematic errors were needed to obtain successful fits. (author)

115

Peculiarities occurrence and microstrip gas chambers studied through experiment WA97  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents the studies on development of a Monte-Carlo type generator used for inclusive production of odd baryons and antibaryons through proton- proton and proton- nucleus collisions. Experiment WA97 consisted in designing simulation software for MSGCs (Micro-strips Gas Chambers) as well as the redefining of particle paths with the help of these chambers. This work made it possible to design the MSGC detector for experiment WA97. (TEC). 71 refs., 88 figs

116

FSXLIB-J3R2 : A continuous energy cross section library for MCNP based on JENDL-3.2  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The continuous energy cross section library for the Monte Carlo transport code MCNP, FSXLIB-J3R2, has been generated from the latest version of Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library Version 3 Revision 2 (JENDL-3.2) released in June, 1994. The nuclear data processing system, NJOY, and the compilation and verification code for MCNP libraries, MACROS, have been employed to produce the library after necessary modifications. Validity of the generated library has been confirmed by comparing it with JENDL-3.2. The FSXLIB-J3R2 library contains all the 340 nuclides stored in JENDL-3.2, and it is expected that the library will widely contribute to the field of nuclear energy. (author).

Kosako, Kazuaki [Sumitomo Atomic Energy Industries Ltd., Osaka (Japan); Maekawa, Fujio; Oyama, Yukio; Uno, Yoshitomo; Maekawa, Hiroshi

1994-12-01

117

Spin-dependent generalized collective model in relation to the j=3/2 interacting boson fermion model  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The linearized collective Schroedinger equation for nuclear quadrupole vibrations describes nuclei with spin 3/2 in the ground state. Another model, which has been developed for nuclei with spin 3/2, is the j=3/2 interacting boson fermion model. We use a special property of the Clifford algebra, which appears in the linearized collective Schroedinger equation, to establish a connection between both models. We also compare the predictions of both approaches for various spin-3/2 nuclei

118

Comparison of interacting boson-fermion model with spin-dependent generalized collective model for the j=3/2  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Collective Schrodinger equations are applied to describe low-energy spectra of even-even nuclei [1]. Spectra for even-odd nuclei are calculated by coupling the single particle degrees of freedom to the collective degree of freedom of the core nucleus, which is of even-even type. The collective spin has a value of 3/2. This leads to the assumption that the linearized equation may be applied to describe nuclei with spin 3/2 in the ground state. Good description of the low energy spectra and electromagnetic transition probabilities can be obtained only with introduction of spin-dependent potentials, which apart from coordinates and momenta also depend on the matrices of the Clifford algebra arising in the linearization,. The interacting boson-fermion models (IBFM) [2] represent another approach to describe spectra of even-odd nuclei. For even-odd nuclei with spin 3/2 in the ground state one uses so-called j=3/2 - IBFM, which is also denoted as the UB(6)xUF(4) IBFM. In this paper we establish the relation between the matrices of the Clifford algebra, which arise in the linearization procedure, and the fermion operators of the j=3/2 IBFM. This allows us to establish a connection between the j=3/2 IBFM and spin dependent generalized collective model (SGCM). The results of the SGCM for Ir and Au nuclei are presented and compared with the results of the j=3/2 IBFM with a dynamical spin symmetry [3] present. In this respect we could apply the linearized collective Schrodinger equation and IBFM with arbitrary spin to all other even-odd nuclei. (author)

119

Magnetic moment of the J? = 3+ 79 ns isometric state in 84Y  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Two new low-lying isomeric states have been identified in 84Y by investigating isomeric states in the odd-odd nuclei of the A?80 region at the U-120 Cyclotron in Bucharest. The isomeric states with half-lives of 79 and 292 ns were placed at excitation energies of 112.4 and 271.6 keV, respectively, and 3+ and 6+ spin-parities were tentatively assigned based on pulsed-beam ?-ray spectroscopy measurements. In this contribution the g-factor measurement for the 79 ns isomer in 84Y is reported. The Time Differential Perturbed Angular Distribution (TDPAD) method has been applied. The 84Y nuclei were populated in the 84Sr(p,n) reaction with a 13.5 MeV proton pulsed beam. The 84SrCO3 target has been placed in an external magnetic field. Two independent measurements have been performed at external magnetic field values of 32.0 and 22.2 kG. The experimental modulation spectra corresponding to the 112.4 keV ?-ray de-exciting the 79 ns isomeric state are presented together with the least-square fit. From the measurement performed with detectors at the angles 0 angle and 90 angle, a positive angular distribution coefficient A2 has been found for the 112.4 keV transition. An attenuation of the oscillation amplitude in the TDPAD spectra has been observed due to the fact that the Larmor period was not very large compared with the overall time resolution. This effect was stronger in tolution. This effect was stronger in the measurement performed at higher magnetic field. On the basis of the angular distribution coefficient derived from the experimental anisotropy corrected for the attenuation effect, an E2 multipolarity has been assigned to the 112.4 keV isomeric transition populating the 1+ ground state of 84Y. The spin-parity J?=3+ has been therefore established for the isomeric state. By averaging the results of the two measurements, a value of gexp = +0.578(7) has been determined for the g-factor, corresponding to a magnetic moment ?exp = +1.734(21)n.m. This is the first g-factor measured in the neutron-deficient 84Y nucleus. Recent studies of low-lying states in 82Y and 84Y have revealed the presence of low-spin positive-parity states, which could arise from the coupling of various available proton and neutron orbitals. The experimental g-factor of the 3+ isomeric state in 84Y is compared with the g-factor calculated for possible configurations. A very good agreement between the experimental g-factor and the value calculated for the ?g9/2 x?g9/2 configuration is noted. This is a strong reason for assigning this structure to the isomeric state. In the heavier odd-odd 86,88Y isotopes with N=47 and 49, respectively, the lowest-lying member of the ?g9/2x?g9/2 configuration is known to be a 8+ long-lived isomeric state. These isotopes are characterized by almost spherical shapes, due to the vicinity of the N=50 shell closure. The coupling of the proton and neutron g9/2 orbitals at a low-spin, evidenced by the present results, points to an increased deformation at low excitation energies in the neutron-deficient 84Y. (authors)

120

Magnetic phase diagram of the spin-1 two-dimensional J1–J3 Heisenberg model on a triangular lattice  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The spin-1 Heisenberg model on a triangular lattice with the ferromagnetic nearest, J1=?(1?p)J, J>0, and antiferromagnetic third-nearest-neighbor, J3=pJ, exchange interactions is studied for 0?p?1. Mori's projection operator technique is used. At p?0.2 the ground state is transformed from the ferromagnet into a disordered state, which is changed to an antiferromagnetic long-range ordered state with the incommensurate ordering vector Q=Q??(1.16,0) at p?0.31. With increasing p the ordering vector moves along the line Q??Qc to the commensurate point Qc=((2?)/3 ,0), which is reached at p=1. The final state can be conceived as four interpenetrating sublattices with the 120° spin structure on each of them. We apply the results to NiGa2S4. -- Highlights: ? The S=1J1–J3 Heisenberg model on a triangular lattice is studied. ? The ferromagnetic nearest and AF third-nearest-neighbor couplings are considered. ? With increasing J3/|J1| the system undergoes three phase transitions. ? The model is able to describe the incommensurate short-range order in NiGa2S4.

 
 
 
 
121

WaViNed operational. Industrial cases Huntsman and De Pijp in the Netherlands; WaViNed operationeel; Industriele cases Huntsman en De Pijp  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Heat is by far the largest final energy carrier in the Netherlands. The working group 'Warmte' of the Platform Keten Efficiency has developed an approach based on which the use of primary energy in the Netherlands is substantially reduced by taking heat as a starting point, the WaViNed approach. This project was carried out to show that the WaViNed approach has an added value compared to existing approaches. Two cases are executed: one at Huntsman, a large chemical company, and one at a cluster of three companies. The results show that by applying the WaViNed approach much more energy efficiency projects can be found compared to the existing approach. Moreover, the overview over energy efficiency projects obtained from the WaViNed approach, makes it possible to arrange projects in such a way that lock-in situations can be avoided. [Dutch] Analyses van het energiegebruik in Nederland laten zien dat warmte verreweg de grootste energiedrager in het energiesysteem 'Nederland' is. Om de Nederlandse energiehuishouding te verduurzamen is een oplossing voor het warmtegebruik noodzakelijk. De werkgroep 'Warmte' van het transitie platform Ketenefficiency heeft een visie ontwikkeld op verduurzaming van de Nederlandse energiehuishouding die uitgaat van warmte, de 'WarmteVisie Nederland' of kortweg de WaViNed. De WaViNed richt zich op het verhogen van de energie-efficientie van Nederland door (a) te starten bij de functie, de energiedienst, die een energiedrager vervult. Vanwege het grote aandeel in de Nederlandse energiehuishouding is warmte leidend in de analyse; (b) een integrale benadering; en (c) verbeteropties te rangschikken naar hun bijdrage per geinvesteerde Euro ongeacht de aard van de verbeteroptie of degene die de investering doet. De redenering vanuit de functie via de conversie technologieen naar primaire energiedragers, dus tegen de energiestromen in, is concreet gemaakt aan de hand van een 8 stappenplan. Aan de hand van het stappenplan kan een willekeurig energiesysteem volgens de WaViNed filosofie worden geanalyseerd. Om te toetsen welke meerwaarde de WaViNed in de praktijk biedt is de WaViNed getoetst in een tweetal cases: 'De Pijp' en 'Huntsman'. De case De Pijp betreft een drietal bedrijven: Total Lubricants Plant, het Hoogheemraadschap Hollands Noorderkwartier met een rioolwater zuivering en slibdrooginstallatie en De Bazaar op het industrie gebied De Pijp in het IJmond gebied. De case Huntsman betreft een groot chemisch bedrijf in de Botlek. Door aan de hand van het stappen plan systematisch tegen de energiestromen in te redeneren worden meer energie efficiency projecten gevonden dan in eerdere energiestudies. Bovendien wordt de samenhang tussen verschillende energie efficiency projecten goed zichtbaar waardoor projecten kunnen worden gerangschikt zodanig dat 'lock in' wordt vermeden. Onder lock in wordt verstaan dat investeringen en gerealiseerde besparingen uit eerdere projecten teniet worden gedaan door latere projecten waardoor die projecten onaantrekkelijk worden en de energie efficiency verbetering stagneert. In totaal wordt 252 TJ/a aan primaire energie besparing gevonden waarvoor 9,8 miljoen euro aan investeringen nodig is. Indien dezelfde energiebesparing zou moeten worden gerealiseerd met de resultaten uit eerdere energie efficiency studies aangevuld met de goedkoopste duurzame opwekking, wind op land, is 18,1 miljoen euro aan investeringen nodig. Met de WaViNed wordt zodoende 8,3 miljoen euro op de investeringen bespaard.

Wemmers, A.K.; Sijpheer, N.C. [ECN Efficiency and Infrastructure, Petten (Netherlands); Varwijk, J. [Proces Design Centre PDC, Breda (Netherlands)

2011-02-15

122

78 FR 63496 - Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance  

Science.gov (United States)

...Healthcare System Seattle, WA............. August 8, 2012. Solutions HSS, Centricity Enterprise Business Unit, TCS Americas, Kelly Services. 83,020.............. Critical-Logic, Inc.......... Spokane...

2013-10-24

123

Sr 5pnd J = 3 autoionizing series and interference of excitation due to bound-state perturbation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Using the isolated-core-excitation method we have measured the energies and widths of the three Sr J = 3 autoionizing 5pnd Rydberg series for n = 11--36. We have fitted our data to a six-channel multichannel quantum-defect theory model reproducing the observed energies, widths, and interactive excitation spectra for the three series. In addition, the effect of the bound 4d6s 1D2 and 4d6s 3D2 perturbers, which mix the bound 5snd 1D2 and 3D2 states, on the excitation spectra has been observed and accounted for

124

On the effect of the degeneracy between w_0 and w_a  

CERN Document Server

We analytically derived two models which reduce to the familiar Chevallier-Polarski-Linder parametrization with w_a proportional to 1+w_0. The two models have only one free parameter w_0, which helps us eliminate the degeneracy among w_a, w_0 and \\Omega_{m0}, and makes the models automatically consistent with the \\Lambda CDM model. With these degeneracy relations, we test their effects on the constraints of cosmological parameters. We find that: (1) The degeneracy between w_0 and w_a for the two models is consistent with that found for the original Chevallier-Polarski-Linder model; (2) The degeneracies have little effect on \\Omega_{m0}; (3) The 1\\sigma error of \\Omega_{k0} was reduced about 25% with the degeneracy relations; (4) The 1\\sigma error of w_0 was reduced about one half with the degeneracy relations.

Gong, Yungui

2014-01-01

125

Implementation of PWR steady state self-initialization feature into RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A PWR steady state self-initialization feature has been implemented into the RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code which is an improved version of RELAP4/MOD6 and can analyze not only large break but also small break LOCA in LWRs. This feature is originated from RELAP4/MOD7 which is the most updated released version of RELAP4 from INEL. Several FORTRAN subroutines in MOD7 related to this feature were transplanted into MOD6/U4/J3 with some improvements, which were the modification of method to take a balance of heat transfer between primary and secondary side at SG-U tubes, and to make it possible to nodalize secondary side of SG as multi-node. Advantages realized by implementation of this option are saving of time in initializaing a new model and an assurance of steady state and self consistency of input data in a small break LOCA analysis of a PWR. (author)

126

WA 92: A fixed target experiment to study beauty in hadronic interactions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The essential feature of the described experimental techniques is the use of two specially designed pieces of hardware: A high precision 'decay detector ' and a fast secondary vertex trigger processor. Experiment WA92 should be able to obtain a sufficient data sample to measure lifetimes of B± and B0, and the B hadroproduction cross section. (orig.)

127

CONTROL: the run control program used on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The criteria are described which have been used in the design of CONTROL, a program in the WA62 VAX Native mode data acquisition system which serves the triple purpose of driving a status display, an operator's console and a message reporter. (U.K.)

128

WASTE MINIZATION OPPORTUNITY ASSESSMENT: NAVAL UNDERSEA WARFARE ENGINEERING STATION - KEYPORT, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

This report describes the application of EPA's waste minimization assessment procedures to a torpedo maintenance facility at the Naval Undersea Warfare Engineering Station, Keyport, WA. he assessment focused on the Mark 48 shop and the Mark 46 shop. hese shops service the Mark 48...

129

WASTE MINIMIZATION OPPORTUNITY ASSESSMENT: NAVAL UNDERSEA WARFARE ENGINEERING STATION - KEYPORT, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

This report describes the application of EPA's waste minimization assessment procedures to a torpedo maintenance facility at the Naval Undersea Warfare Engineering Station, Keyport, WA. he assessment focused on the Mark 48 shop and the Mark 46 shop. hese shops service the Mark 48...

130

Qi-Wa, a problem that has plagued Chinese scrolls for millenniums  

CERN Document Server

Qi-Wa refers to the up curl on the lengths of handscrolls and hanging scrolls, which has troubled Chinese artisans and emperors for as long as the art of painting and calligraphy exists. This warp is unwelcomed not only for aesthetic reasons, but its potential damage to the fiber and ink. Although it is generally treated as a part of the cockling and curling due to climate, mounting procedures, and conservation conditions, we emphasize that the intrinsic curvature incurred from the storage is in fact the main cause of Qi-Wa. The Qi-Wa height is determined by experiments to obey scaling relations with the length, width, curvature, and thickness of the scroll, which are supported by Molecular Dynamics Simulation and theoretic derivations. This understanding helps us come up with plausible remedies to mitigate Qi-Wa. All proposals are tested on real mounted paper and in simulations. Due to the general nature of this warp, we believe the lessons learnt from studying ancient Chinese scrolls can be applied to moder...

Chou, Ming-Han; Wang, Yi-Ping; Hong, Sun-Hsin; Hong, Tzay-Ming

2013-01-01

131

Association of vWA and TPOX Polymorphisms with Venous Thrombosis in Mexican Mestizos  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a multifactorial disorder and, worldwide, the most important cause of morbidity and mortality. Genetic factors play a critical role in its aetiology. Microsatellites are the most important source of human genetic variation having more phenotypic effect than many single nucleotide polymorphisms. Hence, we evaluate a possible relationship between VTE and the genetic variants in von Willebrand factor, human alpha fibrinogen, and human thyroid peroxidase microsatellites to identify possible diagnostic markers. Methods. Genotypes were obtained from 177 patients with VTE and 531 nonrelated individuals using validated genotyping methods. The allelic frequencies were compared; Bayesian methods were used to correct population stratification to avoid spurious associations. Results. The vWA-18, TPOX-9, and TPOX-12 alleles were significantly associated with VTE. Moreover, subjects bearing the combination vWA-18/TPOX-12 loci exhibited doubled risk for VTE (95% CI = 1.02–3.64), whereas the combination vWA-18/TPOX-9 showed an OR = 10 (95% CI = 4.93–21.49). Conclusions. The vWA and TPOX microsatellites are good candidate biomarkers in venous thromboembolism diseases and could help to elucidate their origins. Additionally, these polymorphisms could become useful markers for genetic studies of VTE in the Mexican population; however, further studies should be done owing that this data only show preliminary evidence.

Meraz-Rios, Marco Antonio; Majluf-Cruz, Abraham; Santana, Carla; Noris, Gino; Camacho-Mejorado, Rafael; Acosta-Saavedra, Leonor C.; Calderon-Aranda, Emma S.; Hernandez-Juarez, Jesus; Magana, Jonathan J.; Gomez, Rocio

2014-01-01

132

Individual Differences in L2 Acquisition of Japanese Particles "WA" and "GA"  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the L2 acquisition studies of Japanese particles "WA" and "GA" were investigated by many researchers (Sakamoto, 2000), they completely ignored learners' individual differences. Indeed, learners' individualities are important factors for the L2 learning (Lightbrown & Spada, 1999). Thus, this research explored whether learners' individual…

Mori, Sachiho

2008-01-01

133

75 FR 60352 - Proposed Modification of the Seattle, WA, Class B Airspace Area; Public Meetings  

Science.gov (United States)

...December 14, 2010, will be held at the Highline Performing Arts Center, 401 South 152nd Street, Burien, WA 98148. (3) The meeting on Thursday, December 16, 2010, will be held at The Theater at Auburn Mountainview, 28900 124 Avenue South East,...

2010-09-30

134

75 FR 33692 - Safety Zone; Tacoma Freedom Fair Air Show, Commencement Bay, Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Tacoma Freedom Fair Air Show, Commencement Bay, Tacoma, WA AGENCY...Washington during the Tacoma Freedom Fair Air Show. The safety zone is necessary to help...safety of the maritime public during the air show on July 4, 2010 and will do so by...

2010-06-15

135

Detection of 13CO J=3-2 Emission from the Molecular Clouds OMG-1 and NGC2264  

Science.gov (United States)

We have made the first measurements of the 330 GHz J =3-2 lines of 13CO in the molecular clouds OMC-l and NGC 2264. Simple velocity gradient calculations can give a consistent description of the intensities of these lines, together with the available CO (J =2-1) isotopic lines and the equivalent J = 1-0 transitions. They indicate fractional 13CO abundances similar to those found in dark clouds, but low values of the molecular hydrogen density, n(H2) 5 × 103 cm-3. The higher densities (˜105 cm-3) indicated by other molecular observations of these clouds suggest either the presence of high density fragments within the clouds or that the simple analysis is not appropriate for the CO lines, and more complex models are required to explain all the observations.

Huggins, P. J.; Phillips, T. G.; Blair, G. N.; Solomon, P. M.

1981-03-01

136

Detection of 13CO(J = 3--2) emission from the molecular clouds OMC-1 and NGC 2264  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have made the first measurements of the 330 GHz J = 3--2 lines of 13CO in the molecular clouds OMC-1 and NGC 2264. Simple velocity gradient calculations can give a consistent description of the intensities of these lines, together with the available CO (J = 2--1) isotopic lines and the equivalent J = 1--0 transitions. They indicate fractional 13CO abundances similar to those found in dark clouds, but low values of the molecular hydrogen density, n(H2)roughly-equal5 x 103 cm-3. The higher densities (approx.105 cm-3) indicated by other molecular observations of these clouds suggest either the presence of high density fragments within the clouds or that the simple analysis is not appropriate for the CO lines, and more complex models are required to explain all the observations

137

Shell midden people in northern Iberia: New data from the mesolithic rock shelter of J3 (Basque Country, Spain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the course of a sondage dug in the rock shelter of J3, in the Jaizkibel mountains (at the north-western tip of Guipúzcoa, the body of a adult man was located buried inside a shell midden. This shell midden had not been disturbed and presented internal stratigraphy features. In any case, the outer edge of the shell midden does show some interesting interdigitation with the adjacent habitational layers, with evidence of different stages of occupation. Within the shell midden itself, under the individual buried there, it was possible to observe layers without any ceramics, whereas the layers covering said individual included ceramic fragments. This individual has been dated to 8300 BP and therefore corresponds to a Mesolithic context.

María-José IRIARTE-CHIAPUSSO

2010-07-01

138

Observations of globules and dark clouds in the CO J = 3-2 and J = 2-1 lines  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In a search for embedded molecular outflows, nine globules and compact dark clouds, including the known outflow sources B335 and L723, were observed in the (C-12)O J = 2-1 and J = 3-2 lines, and a Monte Carlo radiative transfer code utilizing a combination of microturbulent and velocity gradient line broadening was used to model the flows. Both the known sources are found to be of relatively low density and modest energy. It is found that n(H2) = 3000/cu cm in B335 and 1000/cu cm in the L723 high-velocity gas. None of the other seven clouds show clear evidence of bipolar outflows. Models of the globules B68 and B361 suggest efficient carbon isotope fractionation, with the (C-12)O and (C-13)O abundance ratios being 14 and 25, respectively. 24 references

139

75 FR 81560 - Buckhorn Exploration Project 2010, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, Washington  

Science.gov (United States)

...Kelly Courtright, BLM Mining Engineer, 1103 N. Fancher Road, Spokane, WA 99212, phone (509) 536- 1218, or Fred Greef, SEPA Coordinator, Washington State Department of Natural Resources, P.O. Box 7015, Olympia, WA 98504-7015, phone...

2010-12-28

140

40 CFR 61.04 - Address.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Spokane, WA 9920, http://www.scapca.org/. (vii) Southwest Clean Air Agency (SWCAA), 1308 NE 134th St., Vancouver, WA 98685-2747, http://www.swcleanair.org/.(viii) Yakima Regional Clean Air Agency (YRCAA),...

2010-07-01

 
 
 
 
141

40 CFR 60.4 - Address.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Spokane, WA 99201, http://www.scapca.org/(vii) Southwest Clean Air Agency (SWCAA), 1308 NE. 134th St., Vancouver, WA 98685-2747, http://www.swcleanair.org/(viii) Yakima Regional Clean Air Authority (YRCAA), 6...

2010-07-01

142

8 CFR 100.4 - Field offices.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Spokane, WA, Felts Field Spokane, WA...Maverick, TX, Maverick County Airport San Antonio...Springs, VT, Franklin County Regional Airport...Camp Springs, MD, Andrews Air Force Base ...MT, Havre-Hill County Airport Helena...TX, Ellington Field Houston,...

2010-01-01

143

Testing Buda-Lund hydro model on particle correlations and spectra in NA44, WA93 and WA98 heavy ion experiments  

CERN Document Server

Analytic and numerical approximations to a hydrodynamical model describing longitudinally expanding, cylindrically symmetric, finite systems are fitted to preliminary NA44 data measured in 200 AGeV central $S + Pb$ reactions. The model describes the measured spectra and HBT radii of pions, kaons and protons, simultaneously. The source is characterized by a central freeze-out temperature of T_0 = 154 +/- 8 +/- 11 MeV, a "surface" temperature of T_r = 107 +/- 28 +/- 18 MeV and by a well-developed transverse flow, = 0.53 +/- 0.17 +/- 0.11. The transverse geometrical radius and the mean freeze-out time are found to be R_G = 5.4 +/- 0.9 +/- 0.7 fm and tau_0 = 5.1 +/- 0.3 +/- 0.3 fm/c, respectively. Fits to preliminary WA93 200 AGeV S + Au and WA98 158 AGeV Pb + Pb data dominated by pions indicate similar model parameters. The absolute normalization of the measured particle spectra together with the experimental determination of both the statistical and the systematic errors were needed to obtain successful fits.

Ster, A; Lörstad, B

1999-01-01

144

A new class of weight and WA systems of the Kravchenko-Kaiser functions  

Science.gov (United States)

A new class of weight and WA-systems of the Kravchenko-Kaiser functions which showed its efficiency in various physical applications is proposed and substantiated. This publication consists of three parts. In the first the Kravchenko-Kaiser weight functions are constructed on basis of the theory of atomic functions (AFs) and the Kaiser windows for the first time. In the second part new constructions of analytic WA-systems of the Kravchenko-Kaiser functions are costructed. In the third part their applications to problems of weight averaging of the difference frequency signals are considered. The numerical experiment and the physical analysis of the results for concrete physical models confirmed their efficiency. This class of functions can find wide physical applications in problems of digital signal processing, restoration of images, radar, radiometry, radio astronomy, remote sensing, etc.

Kravchenko, V. F.; Pustovoit, V. I.; Churikov, D. V.

2014-05-01

145

CO J=3-2 Emission from the "Water Fountain" Sources IRAS 16342-3814 and IRAS 18286-0959  

CERN Document Server

We observed CO J=3-2 emission from the "water fountain" sources, which exhibit high-velocity collimated stellar jets traced by water maser emission, with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (ASTE) 10 m telescope. We detected the CO emission from two sources, IRAS 16342-3814 and IRAS 18286-0959. The IRAS 16342-3814 CO emission exhibits a spectrum that is well fit to a Gaussian profile, rather than to a parabolic profile, with a velocity width (FWHM) of 158+/-6 km/s and an intensity peak at VLSR = 50+/-2 km/s. The mass loss rate of the star is estimated to be ~2.9x10^-5 M_sun/yr. Our morpho-kinematic models suggest that the CO emission is optically thin and associated with a bipolar outflow rather than with a (cold and relatively small) torus. The IRAS 18286-0959 CO emission has a velocity width (FWHM) of 3.0+/-0.2 km/s, smaller than typically seen in AGB envelopes. The narrow velocity width of the CO emission suggests that it originates from either an interstellar molecular cloud or a slowly-rotatin...

Imai, Hiroshi; Nakashima, Jun-ichi; Ukita, Nobuharu; Deguchi, Shuji; Koning, Nico

2009-01-01

146

Study of charged particle production using Omega RICH in WA94 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present preliminary results about charged particle production in S-S collisions at 200GeV/c per nucleon, obtained by WA94 experiment at CERN-SPS. The particle identification has been provided by the Omega RICH; a silicon telescope and an array of multiwire proportional chambers (MWPC) have been used to track particles to the RICH detector. Details about particle tracking and identification procedure are also reported. (orig.)

147

Study of charged particle production using Omega RICH in WA94 experiment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present preliminary results about charged particle production in S-S collisions at 200GeV/c per nucleon, obtained by WA94 experiment at CERN-SPS. The particle identification has been provided by the Omega RICH; a silicon telescope and an array of multiwire proportional chambers (MWPC) have been used to track particles to the RICH detector. Details about particle tracking and identification procedure are also reported. (orig.).

Abatzis, S. [Athens Univ. (Greece). Nuclear Physics Lab.; Andersen, E.; Andrighetto, A.; Antinori, F.; Barnes, R.P.; Bayes, A.C.; Benayoun, M.; Beusch, W.; Bohm, J.; Carney, J.N.; Carrer, N.; De la Cruz, B.; Davies, J.P.; Di Bari, D.; Elia, D.; Evans, D.; Fanebust, K.; Fini, R.; French, B.R.; Ghidini, B.; Helstrup, H.; Holme, A.K.; Jacholkowski, A.; Kahane, J.; Katchanov, V.A.; Kinson, J.B.; Kirk, A.; Knudson, K.; Kralik, I.; Ladron de Guevara, P.; Lassalle, J.C.; Lenti, V.; Leruste, P.; Lietava, R.; Loconsole, R.A.; Loevhoeiden, G.; Manzari, V.; Morando, M.; Navach, F.; Narjoux, J.L.; Pellegrini, F.; Quercigh, E.; Ricci, R.; Sandor, L.; Safarik, K.; Segato, G.; Singovsky, A.V.; Sene, M.; Sene, R.; Thorsteinsen, T.F.; Urban, J.; Vassiliadis, G.; Villalobos Baillie, O.; Venables, M.; Volte, A.; Votruba, M.F.; Zavada, P. [Athens University, Nuclear Physics Department, GR-15771 Athens (Greece)]|[Dipartimento di Fisica dell`Universita and Sezione INFN, Bari (Italy)]|[Universitetet i Bergen, N-5007 Bergen (Norway)]|[University of, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom)]|[CERN, CH-1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland)]|[College de France, IN2P3, F-75231 Paris (France)]|[Institute of Experimental Physics, Kosice (Slovakia)]|[Laboratorio Nazionale di Legnaro, Legnaro (Italy)]|[CIEMAT, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)]|[Dipartimento di Fisica dell`Universita and Sezione INFN, Padua (Italy)]|[IHEP, Protvino (Russian Federation); The WA94 Collaboration

1996-03-01

148

75 FR 5626 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA INT-DES...  

Science.gov (United States)

...OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Reclamation Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA INT-DES...Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) on the Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction...

2010-02-03

149

Observation of Cd 4d{sup 9}5s{sup 2}5p J=3 autoionizing levels in (e,2e) energy spectra  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Cadmium (e,2e) energy spectra have been measured for kinematics corresponding to a momentum transfer of 1 a.u. Two previously unknown cadmium autoinizing levels have been observed. Their energies are in excellent agreement with existing {ital ab initio} structure calculations of the 4d{sup 9}5s{sup 2}5p J=3 levels. One level is easily seen at an ejected-electron direction along the momentum-transfer axis, but is absent for a direction 39{degree} away from this axis. The opposite is true for the other level; it is absent in the former, but present in the latter case. This behavior is in agreement with a calculation that takes into account that the J=3 levels can autoionize into both singlet and triplet 5sEf continua. The intensity of the new levels, relative to the well-known 4d{sup 9}5s{sup 2}5p J=1 levels, agrees well with a plane-wave Born approximation calculation for the J=3 levels. The third 4d{sup 9}5s{sup 2}5p J=3 level is calculated to lie within the broad 4d{sup 9}5s{sup 2}5p {sup 1}P{sub 1} level and cannot be seen in the present experiments. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Martin, N.L.S.; Bauman, R.P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States)] Wilson, M. [Physics Department, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX (United Kingdom)

1998-06-01

150

DENSE CLUMPS IN GIANT MOLECULAR CLOUDS IN THE LARGE MAGELLANIC CLOUD: DENSITY AND TEMPERATURE DERIVED FROM 13CO(J = 3-2) OBSERVATIONS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to precisely determine the temperature and density of molecular gas in the Large Magellanic Cloud, we made observations of the optically thin 13CO(J = 3-2) transition using the ASTE 10 m telescope toward nine peaks where 12CO(J = 3-2) clumps were previously detected with the same telescope. The molecular clumps include those in giant molecular cloud (GMC) Types I (with no signs of massive star formation), II (with H II regions only), and III (with H II regions and young star clusters). We detected 13CO(J = 3-2) emission toward all the peaks and found that their intensities are 3-12 times lower than those of 12CO(J = 3-2). We determined the intensity ratios of 12CO(J = 3-2) to 13CO(J = 3-2), R 12/133-2, and 13CO(J = 3-2) to 13CO(J = 1-0), R 133-2/1-0, at 45'' resolution. These ratios were used in radiative transfer calculations in order to estimate the temperature and density of the clumps. The clumps have a kinetic temperature range of Tkin = 15-200 K and a molecular hydrogen gas density range of n(H2) = 8 x 102-7 x 103 cm-3. We confirmed that the higher density clumps have higher kinetic temperature and that the lower density clumps have lower kinetic temperature to better accuracy than in previous work. The kinetic temperature and density increase generally from a Type I GMensity increase generally from a Type I GMC to a Type III GMC. We interpret that this difference reflects an evolutionary trend of star formation in molecular clumps. The R 133-2/1-0 and kinetic temperature of the clumps are well correlated with the H? flux, suggesting that the heating of molecular gas with density n(H2) = 103-104 cm-3 can be explained by stellar far-ultravoilet photons.

151

State of project and conceptual design work on the WA-350 reprocessing facility  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Within the integrated waste management concept, according to decisions made by government heads of the Federal Government and of the States, construction and operation of a 350-t-U-reprocessing plant is urgently necessary for the maintaining and for further development of the reprocessing technology. Provided that the construction of a WA 350 can be begun in the year 1984, this plant might make its contribution to meet the energy demand from 1993 on. The plant concept, the safety-technical design of the plant and the time table of its construction are explained. (orig./RB)

152

In-vitro ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF Zanthoxylum tetraspermum W.A. STEM BARK  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Zanthoxylum tetraspermum W.A. (Rutaceae is a medicinal plant traditionally used by the tribals.The present investigation deals with antioxidant activity of stem bark extract and was evaluated in a series of In-vitro assays involving free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS.The hydroethanolic plant extract exhibited itsscavenging effect in concentration dependent manner on superoxide anion radicals, hydroxyl radicals, hydrogen peroxide and DPPH radical scavenging activity. The results clearly indicate that the stem bark extract of Z.tetraspermum can be a potential source of natural antioxidant.

K. NARAYANASAMY

2012-01-01

153

Isolation of pure compound R/J/3 from Pluchea indica (L.) Less. and its anti-amoebic activities against Entamoeba histolytica.  

Science.gov (United States)

The plant Pluchea indica is known for its anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, anti-pyretic, hypoglycemic, diuretic and anti-microbial activities besides many other pharmacological activities. We have isolated and purified seven compounds from the methanolic root extract of this plant by column chromatography. The compounds were identified by spectroscopic analyses. The anti-amoebic activities of the pure compound R/J/3 was investigated against the HM1 strain of Entamoeba histolytica. The compound, R/J/3 showed the most pronounced anti-proliferative activity at a dose of 50 microg/ml. It also showed a marked activity on cell lysis of trophozoites, 4h after administration. The cell lytic activity was compared with metronidazole (5 microg/ml) as positive control. PMID:17174538

Biswas, Ria; Dutta, P K; Achari, B; Bandyopadhyay, Durba; Mishra, Moumita; Pramanik, K C; Chatterjee, T K

2007-08-01

154

Verification of LOCA/ECCS analysis codes ALARM-B2 and THYDE-B1 by comparison with RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For a verification study of ALARM-B2 code and THYDE-B1 code which are the component of the JAERI code system for evaluation of BWR ECCS performance, calculations for typical small and large break LOCA in BWR were done, and compared with those by RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code. This report describes the influences of differences between the analytical models incorporated in the individual code and the problems identified by this verification study. (author)

155

CYP2J3 Gene Delivery Reduces Insulin Resistance via Upregulation of eNOS in Fructose-treated Rats  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Accumulating evidence suggests that cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid into epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) which play important roles in various pathophysiological processes. Interestingly, CYP-derived eicosanoids are vasodilatory, at least in part through their ability to activate eNOS and subsequent NO release. This study investigated the roles of eNOS in CYP2J3 gene delivery reducing blood pressure and improving insulin resistance i...

Xu Xizhen; Tu Ling; Wang Luyun; Fang Xiaosai; Wang Dao Wen

2011-01-01

156

Contribution to the experimental study of charmed hadrons produced with hyperon beams (WA89 experiment)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since 1989 the author has been involved in the CERN WA89 experiment that is dedicated to the production of charmed hadrons with hyperon beams. The features and the experimental setting of WA89 are presented in the first chapter. The second chapter is dedicated to the on-line and off-line identification of ?0 particles produced in charmed particles decay. The former is made through an adequate trigger and the latter is an event filter based on a fast identification criterion of a likely decay of ?0. The identification of ?0 has required the development of algorithms to test the validity of the track reconstruction in the decay area between the target and the spectrometer and to check the validity of the identification of the decay vertex of ?0. The last chapter is dedicated to data analysis. The identification of DS mesons in K+K-? final state is detailed. An accurate determination of the DS production cross-section is not yet possible because of the low statistics but it was possible to make a preliminary assessment that has given: ? = (1.5 ± 0.7) ?b/nucleon with xF > 0. (A.C.)

157

[Molecular mapping of the fertility restorer gene Rf-4 for WA cytoplasmic male sterility in rice].  

Science.gov (United States)

The cytoplasmic male sterility for wild-abortive (CMS-WA) has been wildly used for hybrid rice breeding in China. The fertility restoration of CMS-WA is controlled mainly by two independent and dominant nuclear fertility restoring genes, Rf-3 and Rf-4. To map the Rf-4 gene with molecular markers, rice YAC clones of RGP, Japan were used to create new molecular marker. YAC contigs located between RFLP markers R1877 and G2155 on chromosome 10 were confirmed by hybridization with 12 RFLP probes. Six YAC clones, Y4630, Y2670, Y4892, Y2111, Y3821 and Y5528 were identified. Chromosome DNAs of the YAC clones were prepared and separated by CHEF. A total of 119 probes were created by sub-cloning of the YAC DNAs. RFLPs were screened between Zhenshan 97A and its near-isogenic lines with Rf-4Rf-4 genotype. Two probes, Y3-8 from Y4892 and Y1-10 from Y4630, were found to be polymorphic. Using F2 populations from crosses between Zhenshan 97A and its near-isogenic lines ZSR11, Y3-8 and Y1-10 were mapped to Rf-4 locus with genetic distances of 0.9 cM and 3.2 cM, respectively. PMID:12645264

Zhang, Qun-Yu; Liu, Yao-Guang; Zhang, Gui-Quan; Mei, Man-Tong

2002-01-01

158

[Intestinal parasites in inhabitants of Wroc?aw and Wa?brzych].  

Science.gov (United States)

In the period 1990-1997 several thousand patients from Wroc?aw and Wa?brzych hospitals as well as inhabitants of Wroc?aw city were examined for intestinal parasites. The presence of parasites was noted in 12.3% of 2173 patients from the District Hospital of Infectious Diseases in Wroc?aw, 3.2% of 599 from Wa?brzych Hospital and 39.3% (mostly Enterobius vermicularis) of 746 ambulatory examined persons in the Private Analytical Laboratory in Wroc?aw. Among the intestinal protozoa the most frequent was Giardia intestinalis (from 5.7 to 18.1%) and Entamoeba coli (0.5-0.6%); the remaining amoebas (E. histolytica, E. hartmanni, E. polecki and Endolimax nana) as well as Chilomonas mesnili was present only in single cases. Enterobiosis was observed in nearly half of the total number of examined children (1808); the most rarely found helminths were Opisorchis felineus (! Adult patient), Strongyloides stercoralis (2) and Trichuris trichiura (8); Taenia saginata was found in 56 patients, which constituted 1.6% of the total number of examined cases and Ascaris lumbricoides in 40 (1.2%). PMID:16883717

Lonc, E; Okulewicz, A; Kopczy?ska-Ma?lej, J; Zaródzka, Z

1999-01-01

159

EuWaK. Generation, storage and usage of biomethane and hydrogen at wastewater treatment plants. A pilot project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The water sector can participate in developing and operating a future energy system. Wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) are suitable for the generation of renewable energy. A renewable energy source at WWTP is digester gas or biogas. Synergetic effects at WWTP allow implementing the EuWaK concept combined to a WWTP into an innovative energy system. The EuWaK project is a pilot project in order to develop and test the processing of digester gas into biomethane and hydrogen at a WWTP and test the full infrastructure (Pipelines, fuelling stations and CHP) for the use of these gases. The EuWaK concept could be a component of an innovative energy system, as the on-going research reveals.

Reinders, Michael; Lange, Maja; Gredigk-Hoffmann, Sylvia [RWTH Aachen Univ. (Germany). Research Inst. for Water and Waste Management; Schmelz, Karl-Georg; Schulte, Patrick [Emschergenossenschaft, Essen/Dortmnund (Germany); Woeffen, Bernhard [Tuttahs und Meyer Ingenieurgesellschaft fuer Wasser-, Abwasser und Energiewirtschaft mbH, Bochum (Germany); Illing, Frank [Ingenieurbuero Redlich und Partner GmbH, Schlangenbad (Germany)

2012-07-01

160

Classification of dark energy models in the (w_0,w_a) plane  

CERN Document Server

We classify dark energy models in a plane of observables that correspond to the common parameterization of a non-constant equation of state, w(a)=w_0 + w_a(1-a), where $a$ is the scale factor of the universe. The models fall into four classes and only two of these classes have a region of overlap in the observable plane. We perform a joint analysis of all Type Ia supernova (SNIa) data compiled by the High-Z SN Search Team (HZT) and the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS) and find that no class of models is excluded by current SNIa data. However, an analysis of large scale structure, Ly$\\alpha$ forest and bias constraints from SDSS, the Gold SNIa data and WMAP data indicates that non-phantom barotropic models with a a positive sound speed are excluded at the 95% C.L.

Barger, V; Marfatia, D

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Wanjiru's search for self in Ngugi wa Thiong'o's "Minutes of glory"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper deals with Ngugi wa Thiong'o's portrayal of the protagonist in his short story "Minutes of Glory". Wanjiru finds herself trapped in an urban setting and is a victim of her situation and low self-esteem. The story is a poignant and touching study of this young woman who is battling with an identity problem and is seeking acceptance in a post-independence setting where women are exploited by men of the New Africa elite. She is regarded as "a wounded bird in flight: a forced landing now and then but nevertheless wobbling from place to place ..." The story affirms female self-realization rather than perpetual self-alienation, and that validates the persistence in attaining her desired goal.

O. G. Mordaunt

1992-01-01

162

Adaptive WaTER Laboratory for K-12 Outreach on Sustainable Water Use  

Science.gov (United States)

Over one billion people worldwide do not have access to a safe, reliable source of drinking water. Of these, up to five million will die each year of waterborne diseases due to unclean water sources and poor sanitation and hygiene1. As part of a capstone senior design project, an educational device was created to teach students in developed and developing nations about the environmental impacts of water contamination and to promote sustainable water utilization. To accomplish this goal an interactive, educational, cost-effective water purification system, known as the Adaptive Water Treatment for Education and Research Laboratory (Adaptive WaTER Lab), was developed. The design includes six different purification methods contained in individual housings that can be connected and reordered to create multiple purification solutions. The purification methods selected for this project include: sediment filtration, carbon filtration, chemical disinfection, reverse osmosis, forward osmosis, and ultraviolet light disinfection. Accompanying educational materials include lessons on contaminants, background information on the methods, seven laboratory experiments and study questions. The Lab has been demonstrated to over 300 students at several Houston-area schools (3rd -12th grade), thus disseminating knowledge on sustainable water use while receiving valuable feedback to improve the design. In addition to interactive demonstrations by students from Rice University, the system has been independently used by high school students in Houston for an Earth Day presentation. The use of the Adaptive WaTER Lab for an independent project, supervised by the authors and carried out by an underrepresented minority high school student, will be discussed. The student determined the effectiveness of the various purification techniques for removing contaminants ranging from dirt and sediment to chlorine and bacteria. Also, the student compared the various techniques based on the rates of production of clean water, operation costs, energy efficiencies and sustainability.

Boyle, Paul; Houchens, Brent

2009-09-28

163

78 FR 50443 - Notice of Temporary Closure to Target Shooting on Public Lands in Yakima County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Notice of Temporary Closure to Target Shooting on Public Lands in Yakima County, WA...hereby given that a closure to target shooting is in effect on public lands administered...temporary closure is in response to target shooting on public lands that poses...

2013-08-19

164

JNES's Activities in the Extra-budgetary Programme of the International Seismic Safety Centre: WA1 Seismic Hazard  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Issues in design basis ground motion development, the study items of Work Area 1 of IAEA/ISSC/EBP, and JNES's contributions were explained. It was also noted that the discussions and resolutions of this WS would be summarized in a technical document as task 1.4 of WA1. (author)

165

Therapeutic potential of capillary morphogenesis gene 2 extracellular vWA domain in tumour?related angiogenesis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Capillary morphogenesis gene 2 (CMG2) is a receptor of anthrax toxin and plays an important role in angiogenesis. It has been shown to be involved in the cell adhesion and motility of various cell types, including epithelia and endothelia. The present study aimed to examine the therapeutic potential of targeting CMG2 to prevent tumour?related new vasculature. The full-length coding sequence of the human CMG2 gene and different fragments of the CMG2 vWA domain were amplified and constructed into a mammalian expression plasmid vector. The effect of CMG2 and its vWA domain on endothelial cells and angiogenesis was assessed using relevant in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo models. The overexpression of CMG2 enhanced the adhesion of endothelial cells to extracellular matrix, but was negatively associated with cell migration. Overexpression of CMG2 and the vWA domain fragments inhibited the tubule formation and migration of endothelial cells. Small peptides based on the amino acid sequence of the CMG2 vWA domain fragments potently inhibited in vitro tubule formation and ex vivo angiogenesis. One of the polypeptides, LG20, showed an inhibitory effect on in vivo tumour growth of cancer cells which were co-inoculated with the vascular endothelial cells. CMG2 is a potential target for treating tumour?related angiogenesis. The polypeptides based on the CMG2 vWA domain can potently inhibit in vitro and ex vivo angiogenesis, which may contribute to the inhibitory effect on in vivo tumour growth. Further investigations are required to shed light on the machinery and may provide a novel therapeutic approach for inhibition of angiogenesis in cancer management. PMID:24993339

Ye, Lin; Sun, Ping-Hui; Sanders, Andrew J; Martin, Tracey A; Lane, Jane; Mason, Malcolm D; Jiang, Wen G

2014-10-01

166

The JCMT Nearby Galaxies Legacy Survey V: The CO(J=3-2) Distribution and Molecular Outflow in NGC~4631  

CERN Document Server

We have made the first map of CO(J=3-2) emission covering the disk of the edge-on galaxy, NGC~4631, which is known for its spectacular gaseous halo. The strongest emission, which we model with a Gaussian ring,occurs within a radius of 5 kpc. Weaker disk emission is detected out to radii of 12 kpc, the most extensive molecular component yet seen in this galaxy. From comparisons with infrared data, we find that CO(J=3-2) emission more closely follows the hot dust component, rather than the cold dust,consistent with it being a good tracer of star formation. The first maps of $R_{3-2/1-0}$, H$_2$ mass surface density and SFE have been made for the inner 2.4 kpc radius region. Only 20\\% of the SF occurs in this region and excitation conditions are typical of galaxy disks, rather than of central starbursts. The SFE suggests long gas consumption timescales ($>$ $10^9$ yr). The velocity field is dominated by a steeply rising rotation curve in the region of the central molecular ring followed by a flatter curve in the...

Irwin, Judith A; Wiegert, T; Bendo, G J; Warren, B E; Wang, Q D; Israel, F P; Serjeant, S; Knapen, J H; Brinks, E; Tilanus, R P J; van der Werf, P; Muehle, S

2010-01-01

167

A best estimate analysis of LOFT L3-6/L8-1 by RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thermal-hydraulic analysis of LOCE L3-6/L8-1, which is the one of loss-of-coolant experiments (LOCEs) in the loss-of-fluid test (LOFT) facility, was performed by using RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3. Main purpose of the analysis is to assess the capability of the RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code upon the analysis of a small break LOCA in a PWR. The code calculated the thermal-hydraulic behavior in the primary and secondary systems. Calculated results showed good agreement with measured data about break flow, pressure and temperature of the primary system and fluid densities in the intact loop, but the behavior of broken loop and steam generator secondary system were not calculated well. In the course of this analysis, some improvements were found to be necessary on the modeling of pump degradation and coast down, steam generator and stagnant fluid in the broken loop. (author)

168

High Excitation Molecular Gas in the Galactic Center Loops; 12CO(J =2-1 and J =3-2) Observations  

CERN Document Server

We have carried out 12CO(J =2-1) and 12CO(J =3-2) observations at spatial resolutions of 1.0-3.8 pc toward the entirety of loops 1 and 2 and part of loop 3 in the Galactic center with NANTEN2 and ASTE. These new results revealed detailed distributions of the molecular gas and the line intensity ratio of the two transitions, R3-2/2-1. In the three loops, R3-2/2-1 is in a range from 0.1 to 2.5 with a peak at ~ 0.7 while that in the disk molecular gas is in a range from 0.1 to 1.2 with a peak at 0.4. This supports that the loops are more highly excited than the disk molecular gas. An LVG analysis of three transitions, 12CO J =3-2 and 2-1 and 13CO J =2-1, toward six positions in loops 1 and 2 shows density and temperature are in a range 102.2 - 104.7 cm-3 and 15-100 K or higher, respectively. Three regions extended by 50-100 pc in the loops tend to have higher excitation conditions as characterized by R3-2/2-1 greater than 1.2. The highest ratio of 2.5 is found in the most developed foot points between loops 1 an...

Kudo, Natsuko; Machida, Mami; Davis, Timothy A; Tsutsumi, Kazuki; Fujishita, Motusuji; Moribe, Nayuta; Yamamoto, Hiroaki; Okuda, Takeshi; Kawamura, Akiko; Mizuno, Norikazu; Onishi, Toshikazu; Maezawa, Hiroyuki; Mizuno, Akira; Tanaka, Kunihiko; Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki; Ezawa, Hajime; Takahashi, Kunio; Nozawa, Satoshi; Matsumoto, Ryoji; Fukui, Yasuo

2010-01-01

169

Grzybicza i bakteryjna flora wa?ów paznokciowych u pacjentów z wieloogniskowym zaka?eniem Candida spp.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wst?p: Grzyby z rodzaju Candida i dermatofity odgrywaj? znaczn? rol? w zaka?eniach wa?ów paznokciowych. Cel pracy: Okre?lenie grzybiczej i bakteryjnej flory, chorych na grzybicze zapalenie wa?ów paznokciowych oraz okre?lenie, czy zaka?enia grzybicze u tych pacjentów maj? charakter zaka?enia jednoogniskowego czy s? to zaka?enia wieloogniskowe. Materia? i metody: Badano 31 pacjentów (27 kobiet i 4 m??czyzn. Do bada? bakteriologicznych pobierano materia? z wa?ów paznokciowych, wymaz z jamy ustnej, wymaz z ucha zewn?trznego, mocz, ka? i wymaz z pochwy u kobiet. Hodowane drobnoustroje diagnozowano za pomoc? rutynowych procedur. Lipolityczne i proteolityczne w?a?ciwo?ci grzybów z rodzaju Candida okre?lano wg procedury opisanej przez Staiba i Wernera. W?a?ciwo?ci hydrolityczne Candida spp. by?y okre?lane za pomoc? zestawu API ZYM (bioMerieux. Wra?liwo?? hodowanych grzybów z rodzaju Candida na leki an-tygrzybicze okre?lano pos?uguj?c si? systemem komputerowym (ATB Fungus. Wyniki: Jednoogniskow? infekcj? wywo?an? przez grzyby z rodzaju Candida znaleziono tylko u 4 pacjentów (13,0%, 12 osób (38,7% mia?o 2 ogniska zaka?enia, 13 (41,9% - 3 ogniska zaka?enia, a 2 (6,4% - 4 ogniska zaka?enia spowodowane przez Candida spp. Ze wszystkich pobranych materia?ów najcz??ciej izolowano C. albicans. Ze wzgl?du na ujawniane w?a?ciwo?ci lipolityczne i proteolityczne w?ród szczepów C. albicans wyró?niono 4 wzory enzymatyczne. Porównanie w?a?ciwo?ci enzymatycznych szczepów C. albicans izolowanych z wa?ów paznokciowych i innych ognisk zaka?enia nie wykaza?o ?adnych istotnych ró?nic. W 7 przypadkach szczepy C. albicans izolowane z wa?ów paznokciowych i innych ognisk zaka?enia tego samego pacjenta mia?y identyczne w?a?ciwo?ci enzymatyczne i ten sam wzór lekowra?liwo?ci na leki antygrzybicze. U pozosta?ych pacjentów szczepy C. albicans izolowane z wa?ów paznokciowych i innych ognisk zaka?enia nie wykazywa?y takich podobie?stw. 5-fluorocytozyna, amfoterycyna B i nys-tatyna okaza?y si? najskuteczniejszymi lekami przeciw prawie wszystkim badanym szczepom z rodzaju Candida. Mikrokoki, enterokoki i gronkowce by?y najcz?stszymi bakteriami towarzysz?cymi zaka?eniom wa?ów paznokciowych wywo?anych przez C. albicans. Wnioski: Wi?kszo?? pacjentów choruj?cych na zaka?enie wa?ów paznokciowych wywo?anych przez C. albicans mia?a kilka ognisk zaka?enia i celowe jest poszukiwanie dodatkowych ognisk zaka?enia w ka?dym przypadku grzybiczego zaka?enia wa?ów paznokciowych.

El?bieta Krzemi?ska-Ja?kowiak

2003-12-01

170

Planktonic biomass and physico-chemical parameters in Wa di Haneefah Stream, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A quantitative and qualitative study of phytoplankton and zooplankton community and physico-chemical condition of water at two sites in Wa di Haneefah Stream was carried out on a monthly basis from November, 1993 to October, 1994. Water temperature fluctuated between (13.0 deg. - 40.0 deg.) with ph values (7.1 - 7.4). High concentrations (11.3) and 10.13 mgI-1) of dissolved oxygen in two sites were recorded in April. The contents of chloride, carbonate, bicarbonate and sulphate were max mum in March-May. Different phyto planktonic genera present at the two sites belong to the families, Caryophyllaceae, Cacophony, Decasodium and Bacillanophyceae. Bacillariphyceae was the dominating group throughout the study. These plank tons were more prominent in summer and less in winter months. Zoo planktonic genera consisted mainly of protozoa ns, Rotifers and Crustaceans. These zooplankton s were prominent forming a peak in July and trough in January. the distribution of the generic composition of phyto-and-zooplankton was correlated with some of the physico-chemical changes in the environment. (authors). 36 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs

171

Investigation of parameter uncertainty and identifiability of the hydrological model WaSiM-ETH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The identification of optimum model parameters may be influenced by temporal or event-specific changes of optimum parameter ranges and the length and information content of calibration data. These effects were studied for the hydrological model WaSiM-ETH in a 170 km2 catchment. Based on a Monte-Carlo simulation including seven model parameters, we investigated temporal and state dependent changes of parameter identifiability using the DYNIA algorithm. The effect of data length was studied using a modified DYNIA approach based on a growing window algorithm. The DYNIA analysis revealed temporal changes of identifiability for the snow melt runoff parameter cmelt, which is only identifiable during winter runoff, and for the drainage density parameter drd. The drd parameter was closely related to observed discharge (or catchment moisture, when re-ordering the time series by discharge. Such dependencies probably result from processes not included in model equations. The growing window analysis shows that more than one year of data did not result in improved identification of model parameters cmelt and drd. Using the re-ordered data series, good identifiability of cmelt was bound to high discharges, while identifiability of drd changed with the addition of further values in descending or ascending order. The methodology revealed structural problems with regard to the parameter drd, which are not yet completely understood and require further investigation.

G. Wriedt

2006-01-01

172

Gigabit Access Passive Optical Network Using Wavelength Division Multiplexing—GigaWaM  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper summarizes the research and technical achievements done under the EU project GigaWaM. The goal of this project was to develop a cost-effective solution that can meet the increasing bandwidth demands in access networks. The approach was to use a novel wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) architecture that can deliver symmetric 1 Gb/s to 64 users over 20 km standard single mode fiber using the L and C bands for down and upstream, respectively. During the course of the project, a number of key enabling technologies were developed including tunable transceivers, athermal 50 GHz spaced arrayed waveguide grating multiplexer devices, novel hybridization technologies for integration of passive and active electro-optic devices, and system-level algorithms that ensure the quality of service. The outcome of the project proved a reliable, cost-effective, flexible, and upgradable WDM-PON solution, achieving per-user datarates of 2.5 and 10 Gb/s for up and downstream, respectively. The proposed solution is not only suitable for access networks, but also for metro aggregation and mobile backhaul.

Iglesias Olmedo, Miguel; Suhr, Lau

2014-01-01

173

Study of ?+c production and Pentaquark search in WA89 CERN experiment data  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This thesis is dedicated to the study of the ?c+ charmed baryon and to the ''Pentaquark'' search, within the framework of the CERN WA89 experiment. This fixed target experiment is using a 330 GeV/c hyperon beam. Its aim is the production and the study of baryons carrying charm and strangeness as well as the search of multiquarks. The experimental setup is built around the CERN Omega spectrometer. Production and decay vertices of charmed particles are reconstructed by means of microstrip detectors. Multiwire proportional chambers reconstruct the trajectories in the Omega magnetic field and particle identification is provided by a Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector. An invariant mass signal has been obtained for the ?c+ in the proton-kaon-pion decay channel. Distorsion effects occurring in the event reconstruction have been taken into account in the estimation of the ?c+ lifetime and production cross-section. Finally, the exotic multiquark state ''Pentaquark'' was investigated in the channel proton-phi-pion but no signal was observed. (author). 86 refs., 56 figs

174

40 CFR Appendix B to Part 300 - National Priorities List  

Science.gov (United States)

...CAR Mid-South Wood ProductsMenaC ...Five Points PCE PlumeWoods Cross/BountifulWA...Electric Co. (Spokane Shop)Spokane WAGreenacres...Brite Plating Chrome & Zinc Shops DePereWICity...OnalaskaC WIPenta Wood ProductsDaniels...

2010-07-01

175

The reconstructed final state of Pb + Pb 158 AGeV reactions from spectra and correlation data of NA49, NA44 and WA98  

CERN Document Server

The final state of Pb + Pb reactions at CERN SPS has been reconstructed with the Buda-Lund hydro model, by performing a simultaneous fit to NA49, NA44 and WA98 data on particle correlations and spectra.

Ster, A; Lörstad, B; Ster, Andras; Csorgo, Tamas; Lorstad, Bengt

1999-01-01

176

Interacting coastal based ecosystem services: recreation and water quality in Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Coastal recreation and water quality are major contributors to human well-being in coastal regions. They can also interact, creating opportunities for ecosystem based management, ecological restoration, and water quality improvement that can positively affect people and the environment. Yet the effect of environmental quality on human behavior is often poorly quantified, but commonly assumed in coastal ecosystem service studies. To clarify this effect we investigate a water quality dataset for evidence that environmental condition partially explains variation in recreational visitation, our indicator of human behavior. In Puget Sound, WA, we investigate variation in visitation in both visitation rate and fixed effects (FE) models. The visitation rate model relates the differences in annual recreational visitation among parks to environmental conditions, park characteristics, travel cost, and recreational demand. In our FE model we control for all time-invariant unobserved variables and compare monthly variation at the park level to determine how water quality affects visitation during the summer season. The results of our first model illustrate how visitation relates to various amenities and costs. In the FE analysis, monthly visitation was negatively related to water quality while controlling for monthly visitation trends. This indicates people are responding to changes in water quality, and an improvement would yield an increase in the value of recreation. Together, these results could help in prioritizing water quality improvements, could assist the creation of new parks or the modification of existing recreational infrastructure, and provide quantitative estimates for the expected benefits from potential changes in recreational visitation and water quality improvements. Our results also provide an example of how recreational visitation can be quantified and used in ecosystem service assessments.

Kreitler, Jason; Papenfus, Michael; Byrd, Kristin; Labiosa, William

2013-01-01

177

Material properties of high Cr-Mo steel (5). Mechanical properties of SUS410J3 welded joint and base metal aged for 12,000h  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The high chromium (Cr) ferritic steels have both excellent thermal properties and high temperature strength. Therefore, the applicability of high Cr ferritic steels for structural material of the future advanced Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) is investigated. In this study, creep tests and metallurgical observations are preformed in order to investigate the mechanical properties on SUS410J3 welded joint at operation temperature in FBR. Furthermore, tensile, impact tests and metallurgical observations after thermal aging at 600degC for 12,000 hours are preformed in order to clarify the influence of thermal aging on mechanical properties and microstructure stability of SUS410J3 base metal. As a result, following conclusions are obtained; Creep rupture properties of welded joints up to about 3,000 hours were obtained at 550degC and 600dgC. In this study, the creep rupture strength was increased in order of welded joint, base metal (SR treatment), base metal and weld metal. Creep ductility remarkably decreased at 600degC for about 2,000 hours. It supposed that Type IV damage take place because the failure occurred at fine grain HAZ near the base metal. Creep tests are under going to evaluate long term mechanical properties. Impact tests and high temperature tensile tests of the base metal aged at 600degC for 12,000h were performed. Microstructure stability after aging were also studied using a scanning electron microscope. The aging condition is corresponding to exposure at 550degC for 350,000h based on L.M.P. The decreasing of the impact properties with aging were saturated in 6,000 hours at 873 K. The upper shelf energy (USE) of base metal aged at 600degC for 12,000h was about 0.6-0.7 times of unaged. Ultimate tensile strength and 0.2% proof stress were slightly decreased with aging. It was supposed that reasons were caused by deposits, such as M23C6 and so on. (author)

178

Corrosion Properties of Duplex Stainless Steels - STS329LD and STS329J3L - for the Seawater Systems in Nuclear Power Plant  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Lean duplex stainless steels have been developed in Korea for the purpose of being used in the seawater systems of industry. There are also many important seawater systems in nuclear power plants. These systems supply seawater to cooling water condenser tubes, heat exchanger tubes, related pipes and chlorine injection systems. The flow velocity of some part of seawater systems in nuclear power plants is high and damages of components from corrosion are severe. The considered lean duplex stainless steels are STS329LD (20.3Cr-2.2Ni-1.4Mo) and STS329J3L (22.4Cr-5.7Ni-3Mo) and PRENs of them are 29.4 and 37.3 respectively. Physical, mechanical and micro-structural properties of them are evaluated, and electrochemical corrosion resistance is measured quantitatively in NaCl solution. Critical Pitting Temperatures (CPT)s are measured on these alloys and pit depths are evaluated using laser microscope. Long period field tests on these alloys are now being performed, and some results are going to be presented in the following study.

Chang, Hyun Young; Park, Heung Bae [Korea Electric Power Corporation E and C, Yongin (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Sik [Andong National University, Andong (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Sang Kon [POSCO, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); Jang, Yoon Young [ANSCO, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2011-04-15

179

Corrosion Properties of Duplex Stainless Steels - STS329LD and STS329J3L - for the Seawater Systems in Nuclear Power Plant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Lean duplex stainless steels have been developed in Korea for the purpose of being used in the seawater systems of industry. There are also many important seawater systems in nuclear power plants. These systems supply seawater to cooling water condenser tubes, heat exchanger tubes, related pipes and chlorine injection systems. The flow velocity of some part of seawater systems in nuclear power plants is high and damages of components from corrosion are severe. The considered lean duplex stainless steels are STS329LD (20.3Cr-2.2Ni-1.4Mo) and STS329J3L (22.4Cr-5.7Ni-3Mo) and PRENs of them are 29.4 and 37.3 respectively. Physical, mechanical and micro-structural properties of them are evaluated, and electrochemical corrosion resistance is measured quantitatively in NaCl solution. Critical Pitting Temperatures (CPT)s are measured on these alloys and pit depths are evaluated using laser microscope. Long period field tests on these alloys are now being performed, and some results are going to be presented in the following study

180

High resolution observations of HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 in the disk and outflow of Mrk231 -Detection of vibrationally excited HCN in the warped nucleus  

CERN Document Server

We obtained high resolution (0."25 to 0."90) observations of HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 of the ultraluminous QSO galaxy Mrk231 with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. We find luminous HCN and HCO+ 3-2 emission in the main disk and we detect compact (r350 pc) line wings are found for HCN 3-2 with velocities +-750 km/s. Line ratios indicate that the emission is emerging in dense gas n=1e4 - 5e5 cm-3 of elevated HCN abundance X(HCN)=1e-8 to 1e-6. High X(HCN) also allows for the emission to originate in gas of more moderate density. We tentatively detect nuclear emission from the reactive ion HOC+ with HCO+/HOC+=10-20. The HCN v2=1f line emission is consistent with the notion of a hot, dusty, warped inner disk of Mrk231 where the v2=1f line is excited by bright mid-IR 14 micron continuum. We estimate the vibrational temperature T_vib to 200-400 K. We propose that 50% of the main HCN emission may have its excitation affected by the radiation field through IR pumping of the vibrational ground state. The HCN emission ...

Aalto, S; Muller, S; Winters, J M; Gonzalez-Alfonso, E; van der Werf, P; Henkel, C; Costagliola, F; Neri, R

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

12CO(J=2->1) and CO(J=3->2) observations of Virgo Cluster spiral galaxies with the KOSMA telescope global properties  

CERN Document Server

We present 12CO(J=2->1) and CO(J=3->2) observations of quiescent Virgo Cluster spiral galaxies with the KOSMA 3m submm telescope. The beam sizes of 80" at 345 GHz and 120" at 230 GHz are well suited for the investigation of global properties of Virgo Cluster galaxies. The observed sample was selected based on previous 12CO(J=1->0) detections by Stark et al. (1986), performed with the AT&T Bell Laboratory 7m telescope (beam size 100"). We were able to detect 18 spiral galaxies in 12CO(2->1) and 16 in 12CO(3->2). Beam matched observations of the lowest three 12CO transitions allow us to compare our results with previous high spatial resolution studies of (moderate) starburst galaxies and galactic core regions. We discuss the global excitation conditions of the ISM in these quiescent spiral galaxies. The resulting CO (3--2)/(1--0) integrated line ratios vary over a relatively narrow range of values from 0.35 to 0.14 (on a K km/s-scale) with increasing CO (2--1)/(1--0) ratio (from 0.5 to 1.1). The line ratios...

Hafok, H

2003-01-01

182

Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YDR261W-A, YDR261W-B [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database  

Full Text Available YDR261W-A - Retrotransposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol; translated ... as TYA or TYA-T ... otransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol genes; transcribed/translated ... as one unit; polyprotein is processed to make a nu ... ansposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol; translated ... as TYA or TYA-TYB polyprotein; Gag is a nucleocaps ... otransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol genes; transcribed/translated ... as one unit; polyprotein is processed to make a nu ...

183

Affirming Verb Lexemes in A Practical Ndebele Dictionary and in Isichazamazwi SesiNdebele: The Case of -wa Verbs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract: Both A Practical Ndebele Dictionary (1971 by Pelling and Isichazamazwi SesiNdebele (2001 by Hadebe et al. lemmatize a number of -wa-ending verbs. Each one of the verbs is easily recognizable as a canonical or base form from which different word forms can be derived. Indeed they should all be seen as legitimate headwords that have been carefully selected for entry until a keener observation as presented in this article, questions the validity of the inclusion. It would be understood from both compilers that all the verbs entered are by virtue of their being legitimate verb bases. Since the verbs ending with -wa are canonical forms, they should be inflected with -iw-/-w-, the passive extension morpheme, and by any other extension morphemes. When -iw-/ -w- cannot inflect directly, the usual initial inflection to causative or applicative and then to passive should then apply. When -iw-/-w- cannot apply, it is likely that the headword in question is in fact a passive form already derived from another base form. The article argues that these words cannot claim to be legitimate headwords. The article further observes that other verb endings treated can be simi-larly tested and treated accordingly. Possibly headword selection will then be more consistent and charac-terized by a more considered and reasoned approach.

Jerry Zondo

2011-10-01

184

Eukaryotic signature proteins of Prosthecobacter dejongeii and Gemmata sp. Wa-1 as revealed by in silico analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The genomes of representatives of three bacterial phyla have been compared with the list of 347 eukaryotic signature proteins (ESPs) derived by Hartman and Fedorov [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99 (2002) 1420]. The species included Prosthecobacter dejongeii of the Verrucomicrobia phylum, Gemmata sp. Wa-1 of the Planctomycetes phylum and Caulobacter crescentus of the Proteobacteria. The protist Trypanosoma brucei was used as a eukaryotic control. P. dejongeii had unique ERGO blast matches to alpha-, beta-, and gamma-tubulin, to Set2, a transcriptional factor associated with eukaryotic DNA, and to LAMMER protein kinase for a total of 10 high-scoring ESP matches altogether. Gemmata sp. Wa-1 shared four of its 17 high-scoring ESP matches with P. dejongeii, and that information coupled with other genomic data provides strong support that these two phyla are related to one another. If the ESP list is an accurate listing of unique eukaryotic proteins, then the low number of high-scoring matches between the proteins of these two bacteria with the list raises doubts about these phyla being direct ancestors of the Eucarya. However, this does not rule out the possibility that ancestral members of either the Verrucomicrobia or Planctomycetes may have played an important role in the evolution of a proto-eukaryotic organism. PMID:15667994

Staley, James T; Bouzek, Heather; Jenkins, Cheryl

2005-02-01

185

Influences of the long term aging and creep deformation on precipitation behavior in SUS410J3. 2. Observations and analyses by transmition electron microscopy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The applicability of high chromium ferritic steels to structural materials of the next Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) is investigated in the feasibility study on commercialized FBR cycle systems, since both of thermal properties and high temperature strength of the steels are superior to those of conventional austenitic stainless steels. Microstructures of martensitic stainless steel SUS410J3 used in thermal power plants were examined by transmition electron microscopy to clarify the influences of long term aging and loading on precipitation behavior. The almost same material modified thorough heat treatment was also examined. As a result, the following conclusions were obtained: (1) Influence of heat treatment condition on precipitation behavior was insignificant as far as this study examined. (2) Laves phase was observed in a 12Cr steel tempered at 718degC and aged at 550degC for 160h. It was suggested that Laves phase might precipitate on early stage of aging. (3) Though two types of Laves phase were observed, the difference between them could not be found except the shape as far as this study examined. (4) Low precipitation density areas were observed in 550degC/4,500h creep ruptured specimen. Those were resulted from growth of subgrain with creep deformation. (5) All of Nb was precipitated as NbC which was stable during aging and/or creep as far as this study examined. (6) In ?-ferrite, only V-carbides were observed in the as-received 12Cr steel tempered at 770degC, and only needle type Laves phase precipitated after long term aging. (7) TEM-EDX analyses revealed that chemical compositions of M23C6 and Laves phase never changed during aging and/or creep deformation. It was supposed that solid solution W was precipitated as Laves phase during aging and/or creep deformation. (author)

186

Exploring Variability in Acidic Saline Playa Lakes in WA with HyMAP Hyperspectral Data  

Science.gov (United States)

Acid saline lakes in Western Australia have been recognized as useful chemical terrestrial analogs for aqueous mineral formation on Mars [e.g., 1]. In these lake systems, large pH and salinity differences are observed both laterally and vertically over scales of a few tens of meters[2, 3]. The variability in these lakes have been offered as an alternate formation mechanism for some of the phyllosilicates and sulfates on Mars, suggesting that these different mineral types may be separated by chemical gradients rather than by temporal boundaries[4]. To assess the ability to detect this variability remotely and to determine the extent of the surface variability, which may not be easily accessible in the field, spectral mapping for two of the acidic saline playa lakes was performed. HyMAP airborne data were acquired in December, 2008, of Lake Gilmore and Lake Chandler in WA. The HyMAP sensors have 126 bands that cover the wavelength range between 0.45 and 2.5 µm. Hyvista Corporation provided atmospherically corrected surface reflectance data at approximately 3m spatial resolution. Using the methodology described by [5] the HyMAP data were analyzed using ENVI to identify spectrally pure endmembers that can be used to distinguish mineralogy in the scene. Relevant (e.g. not roads, water or vegetation) spectral endmembers derived for each scene were identified visually using spectra from the ASTER spectral library[6]. The processing techniques were applied to all flight lines and ultimately a classification map mosaic was produced for selection of relevant and intriguing field sampling sites. The classification maps will be validated using field spectroscopy and visual inspection of representative samples collected from the field sites in October 2009, and laboratory spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction will be performed for further validation. The classification maps confirm variability in mineralogy across the lakes, validating geochemical modeling. There are also some unexpected intriguing results. For example, dune forms reveal interbedded sulfates and clays. These deposits may be indicative of the ephemeral nature of the lakes and are of particular interest to studies of similar martian deposits such as those in Gale Crater[7] and Columbus Crater[8]. The acid saline lakes in Australia therefore may provide an even more compelling analog to aqueous deposition on Mars. 1. K. C. Benison, D. A. LaClair, Astrobiology 3, 609 (November 1, 2003). 2. G. M. Marion et al., Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 73, 3493 (June 1, 2009). 3. B. B. Bowen, K. C. Benison, Applied Geochemistry 24, 268 (2009). 4. A. Baldridge et al., Geophysical Research Letters (Accepted Manuscript, In Press). 5. J. W. Boardman, F. A. Kruse, paper presented at the Proceedings, Tenth Thematic Conference, Geologic Remote Sensing, San Antonio, TX, May 9-12, 1994. 6. A. M. Baldridge, S. J. Hook, C. I. Grove, G. Rivera, Remote Sensing of Environment 113, 711 (2009). 7. R. E. Milliken et al., paper presented at the Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts, March 1, 2009. 8. J. J. Wray et al., paper presented at the Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts, March 1, 2009.

Baldridge, A. M.; Hook, S. J.; Souza Filho, C. R.; Thomson, B. J.; Bridges, N. T.; Crowley, J. K.

2009-12-01

187

Ab initio calculation of the P-odd interaction constant WA in YbF: a relativistic configuration-interaction approach  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present the result for the P-odd electron–nucleus interaction constant WA of the YbF molecule in the ground (2?1/2) state, computed by using a fully relativistic restricted active space configuration-interaction method, which yields the result WA = 543 Hz, in reasonable agreement with previous calculations. This result will be useful for experimentalists proposing new experiments in the search for nuclear-spin-dependent parity-nonconserving effects in the YbF molecule. (paper)

188

Prognosis of groundwater recharge by means of the simulation tool PCSiWaPro® under the conditions of climate change  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent studies showed that varying atmospheric conditions as a result of climate change have a significant impact on the magnitude and time variable development of groundwater recharge. Essentially there are two driving factors that influence groundwater recharge: the temporal distribution of precipitation, and the saturation processes resulting from capillary effects in the unsaturated soil zone. Water balance processes can accurately be modelled by using the Richards' equation for transient flow, together with the Van-Genuchten/Luckner approximation describing hysteresis relationships between water contents and pressure heads in the soil. Precipitation distributions, as boundary conditions for the unsaturated model, can be generated from climate data measurements using statistical analysis tools. These synthetic time series reflect both the real climate conditions in a given model area, as well as statistical variations of rainfall by implementing characteristics of a predefined probability distribution. Depending on the kind of distribution, the resulting time series can represent both annual rainfall variations as well as long-term climate changes. The Institute of Waste Management and Contaminated Site Treatment of the TU Dresden has developed two software programs that help estimate these two driving forces for groundwater recharge. WettGen is a weather generator using a Weibull distribution and Markov chain approximations to create synthetic climate time series. These are applied as an upper boundary condition for PCSiWaPro®, a numerical finite element simulation tool solving the Richards' equation for water balance and a convection dispersion equation for contaminant. The result of this coupled simulation is an outflow at the lower boundary of the PCSiWaPro® model, which can be interpreted as a recharge rate for the underlying aquifer. Considering that climate change scenarios for Germany predict longer dry periods and an increase of extreme precipitation events, simulations showed that groundwater recharge rates tend to decrease. This is due to the fact that during extreme events the maximum infiltration rate is reached much sooner than for rain periods with a lower intensity and a longer duration, leading to higher rates of surface runoff. Current advancements of the existing modelling components include a more accurate estimate of groundwater recharge, which will be achieved by taking into account the interactions between unsaturated soil zone processes and groundwater processes. To implement this, a coupling between PCSiWaPro® and a groundwater simulation software, PCGeofim® by IBGW Leipzig, is currently being worked on. This will not only enhance the accurate estimation of groundwater recharge, but it will also give new insights into which effects different time series of precipitation have on the transport of contaminations through the unsaturated soil zone, and into the groundwater.

Meyer, M.; Sallwey, J.; Hasan, I.; Graeber, P.-W.

2012-04-01

189

Polarization effects in the ionization cross section of Ar, Kr, and Xe by laser-excited Ne**[(2p)5(3p);J=3,M] atoms  

Science.gov (United States)

In a crossed-beam experiment the total ionization cross section for the title systems has been investigated in the range 0.1Ne**[(3p)J=3] two-level system with a polarized laser beam, resulting in a well-determined distribution of the magnetic substrates \\|J,M> with respect to the relative velocity g. By measuring the ion yield in the scattering center at five different orientations of the laser polarization (linear and circular) with respect to g, the data can be analyzed in terms of pure-state total ionization cross sections Q3\\|M\\| corresponding to a single asymptotic state \\|J,M>. The observed polarization effect at E=0.1 eV is Q3\\|M\\|=0,1/Q3\\|M\\|=3=2.5, which is in good agreement with the data of Bussert, T. Bregel, R. J. Allan, M. W. Ruf, and H. Hotop [Z. Phys. A 320, 105 (1985)] in the thermal energy range as obtained by analyzing the Penning electrons. This polarization effect decreases to a value of 1.4 for E>2 eV. The results are discussed in terms of semiclassical scattering calculations with an optical potential as input, using a model-potential approach for calculating both the real and the imaginary parts. For the autoionization width this results in a two-state ??' and ??' basis for the ?' and ?' orientations of the (2p)-1 hole, calculated in a one-electron orbital overlap approximation. The preference for the ?=0,1 states at E=0.1 eV indicates the correct relative scaling of these two ionization widths, leading to ??'=79??' at R=4.5a0. The observed energy dependence is due to the decrease of ``locking'' of the total angular momentum J to the internuclear axis R with increasing angular velocity ??, leading to the dynamical criterion ?prec=4?? for the transition of a space-fixed to a body-fixed description of J. The semiclassical precession frequency ?prec of J around R is related to the average ? splitting of the real part of the optical potential by ?prec=/?. With these assumptions we observe a good agreement between the experimental results and the semiclassical calculations. Finally, we discuss the validity of a semiclassical locking picture, with emphasis on the difference between locking of the angular momentum versus locking of the electron orbitals involved.

Driessen, J. P. J.; van de Weijer, F. J. M.; Zonneveld, M. J.; Somers, L. M. T.; Janssens, M. F. M.; Beijerinck, H. C. W.; Verhaar, B. J.

1990-10-01

190

Online: a program to display histograms and control monitor processes on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

ONLINE is a program which can be launched from any terminal on the WA62 experiment's DEC VAX 11/780 computer when the Native mode data acquisition system is running. It is used to display histograms produced by the various experiment monitor processes running under the system and can establish links with such processes to allow the user to issue monitor commands and change internal monitor process parameters. This report describes the criteria used in the design of ONLINE and shows some of the features of the VAX/VMS Operating System which are used to access histograms produced by monitor processes, to establish communications links with monitor processes and to provide the user with an easy to learn system for the examination of online experimental data in a graphical form. Also given, is a brief account of the way monitor processes are structured and how this structure facilitates user-monitor dialogue. (author)

191

Data Management in Scholarly Journals and Possible Roles for Libraries – Some Insights from EDaWaX  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we summarize the findings of an empirical study conducted by the EDaWaX-Project. 141 economics journals were examined regarding the quality and extent of data availability policies that should support replications of published empirical results in economics. This paper suggests criteria for such policies that aim to facilitate replications. These criteria were also used for analysing the data availability policies we found in our sample and to identify best practices for  data policies of scholarly journals in economics. In addition, we also evaluated the journals’ data archives and checked the percentage of articles associated with research data. To conclude, an appraisal as to how scientific libraries might support the linkage of publications to underlying research data in cooperation with researchers, editors, publishers and data centres is presented.

Sven Vlaeminck

2013-06-01

192

Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water by Coagulation/Filtration, U.S. EPA Demonstration Project at the City of Okanogan, WA - Final Performance Evaluation Report  

Science.gov (United States)

This report documents the activities performed during and the results obtained from the arsenic removal treatment technology demonstration project at the City of Okanogan, WA facility. The objectives of the project were to evaluate: (1) the effectiveness of Filtronics? FH-13 Ele...

193

Large-Scale Mapping Observations of the C i (3P1-3P0) and CO (J = 3-2) Lines toward the Orion A Molecular Cloud.  

Science.gov (United States)

Large-scale mapping observations of the 3P1-3P0 fine-structure transition of atomic carbon (C i, 492 GHz) and the J=3-2 transition of CO (346 GHz) toward the Orion A molecular cloud have been carried out with the Mount Fuji submillimeter-wave telescope. The observations cover 9 deg2 and include the Orion Nebula M42 and the L1641 dark cloud complex. The C i emission extends over almost the entire region of the Orion A cloud and is surprisingly similar to that of 13CO (J=1-0). The CO (J=3-2) emission shows a more featureless and extended distribution than C i. The C i/CO (J=3-2) integrated intensity ratio shows a spatial gradient running from the north (0.10) to the south (1.2) of the Orion A cloud, which we interpret as a consequence of the temperature gradient. On the other hand, the C i/13CO (J=1-0) intensity ratio shows no systematic gradient. We have found a good correlation between the C i and 13CO (J=1-0) intensities over the Orion A cloud. This result is discussed on the basis of photodissociation region models. PMID:10566999

Ikeda; Maezawa; Ito; Saito; Sekimoto; Yamamoto; Tatematsu; Arikawa; Aso; Noguchi; Shi; Miyazawa; Saito; Ozeki; Fujiwara; Ohishi; Inatani

1999-12-10

194

5 CFR Appendix A to Part 581 - List of Agents Designated To Accept Legal Process  

Science.gov (United States)

...Pinchot—Forest Supervisor, 6926 E. 4th Plain Blvd., Vancouver, WA 98668-8944, (206) 750-5000 Mt. Baker—Snoqualmie...Street, Spokane, WA 99205, (509) 327-0283, ext. 286 Vancouver Medical Center, Send to: Fiscal Officer, VA Medical...

2010-01-01

195

Modeling the impact of watershed management policies on marine ecosystem services with application to Hood Canal, WA, USA  

Science.gov (United States)

Humans obtain numerous benefits from marine ecosystems, including fish to eat; mitigation of storm damage; nutrient and water cycling and primary production; and cultural, aesthetic and recreational values. However, managing these benefits, or ecosystem services, in the marine world relies on an integrated approach that accounts for both marine and watershed activities. Here we present the results of a set of simple, physically-based, and spatially-explicit models that quantify the effects of terrestrial activities on marine ecosystem services. Specifically, we model the circulation and water quality of Hood Canal, WA, USA, a fjord system in Puget Sound where multiple human uses of the nearshore ecosystem (e.g., shellfish aquaculture, recreational Dungeness crab and shellfish harvest) can be compromised when water quality is poor (e.g., hypoxia, excessive non-point source pollution). Linked to the estuarine water quality model is a terrestrial hydrology model that simulates streamflow and nutrient loading, so land cover and climate changes in watersheds can be reflected in the marine environment. In addition, a shellfish aquaculture model is linked to the water quality model to test the sensitivity of the ecosystem service and its value to both terrestrial and marine activities. The modeling framework is general and will be publicly available, allowing easy comparisons of watershed impacts on marine ecosystem services across multiple scales and regions.

Sutherland, D. A.; Kim, C.; Marsik, M.; Spiridonov, G.; Toft, J.; Ruckelshaus, M.; Guerry, A.; Plummer, M.

2011-12-01

196

The Waves Michelson Interferometer (WaMI): A Doppler imager for the dynamics of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere  

Science.gov (United States)

A field-widened Michelson interferometer, the Waves Michelson interferometer (WaMI) has been designed for satellite observations of wind, temperature and constituents from the upper stratosphere to the thermosphere (40 - 180 km). This instrument is a refinement of the WIND Imaging Interferometer (WINDII) and incorporates a segmented mirror and simultaneous multiemission observations. The primary emissions to be observed include lines in the O2 (1 ?delta) band at 1.27 microns, a hydroxyl line at 1.315 microns and the oxygen green line. Winds are derived from fringe phase variations which can be related to Doppler shifts associated with winds in the emitting region and temperature through rotational temperature measurements and Doppler broadening. In addition, through a careful choice of emission lines in the O2 (1 ?delta) band, differential absorption effects can be used to derive density. The segmented mirror ensures that aliasing of atmospheric waves into the inteferograms does not occur and analyses of constituents are undertaken with the same parcel of air. Based on the conceptual design, a breadboard model of this instrument has been constructed. This paper will review the instrument design and capabilities and describe the breadboard model and associated results.

Ward, William E.; Power, Aaron; Langille, Jeffery; Gault, William A.; Miller, Ian; Scott, Alan

197

Depth-related influences on biodegradation rates of phenanthrene in polluted marine sediments of Puget Sound, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A whole-core injection method was used to determine depth-related rates of microbial mineralization of 14C-phenanthrene added to both contaminated and clean marine sediments of Puget Sound, WA. For 26-day incubations under micro-aerobic conditions, conversions of 14C-phenanthrene to 14CO2 in heavily PAH-contaminated sediments from two sites in Eagle Harbor were much higher (up to 30%) than those in clean sediments from nearby Blakely Harbor (14C-phenanthrene degradation rates in the surface sediment horizons (0-3 cm) were more rapid (2-3 times) than in the deeper sediment horizons examined (>6 cm), especially in the most PAH polluted EH9 site. Differences in mineralization were associated with properties of the sediments as a function of sediment depth, including grain-size distribution, PAH concentration, total organic matter and total bacterial abundance. When strictly anaerobic incubations (in N2/H2/CO2 atmosphere) were used, the phenanthrene biodegradation rates at all sediment depths were two times slower than under micro-aerobic conditions, with methanogenesis observed after 24 days. The main rate-limiting factor for phenanthrene degradation under anaerobic conditions appeared to be the availability of suitable electron acceptors. Addition of calcium sulfate enhanced the first order rate coefficient (k 1 increased from 0.003 to 0.006 day-1-1), whereas addition of soluble nitrate, even at very low concentration (1 up to 0.11 day-1)

198

Arrival time and magnitude of airborne fission products from the Fukushima, Japan, reactor incident as measured in Seattle, WA, USA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report results of air monitoring started due to the recent natural catastrophe on 11 March 2011 in Japan and the severe ensuing damage to the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear reactor complex. On 17-18 March 2011, we registered the first arrival of the airborne fission products {sup 131}I, {sup 132}I, {sup 132}Te, {sup 134}Cs, and {sup 137}Cs in Seattle, WA, USA, by identifying their characteristic gamma rays using a germanium detector. We measured the evolution of the activities over a period of 23 days at the end of which the activities had mostly fallen below our detection limit. The highest detected activity from radionuclides attached to particulate matter amounted to 4.4 {+-} 1.3 mBq m{sup -3} of {sup 131}I on 19-20 March. - Highlights: > We measured the arrival of airborne fission products from the Fukushima reactor incident in Seattle, USA. > We estimate a transport time of 5-6 days - faster than previously thought. > From the composition of radionuclides several conclusions are drawn on the state of the reactor at the time of release. > These data will provide a strong cornerstone in a global analysis of the transport of radionuclides from the reactor incident.

Diaz Leon, J. [Department of Physics and Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Jaffe, D.A. [Department of Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences, University of Washington, Bothell, WA 98011 (United States); Kaspar, J. [Department of Physics and Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Knecht, A., E-mail: knechta@uw.edu [Department of Physics and Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Miller, M.L.; Robertson, R.G.H.; Schubert, A.G. [Department of Physics and Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)

2011-11-15

199

ONGs, indios y petroléo: El caso U'wa a través de los mapas del territorio en disputa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ONGS, INDIENS ET PÉTROLE : LE DOSSIER U'WA À TRAVERS LES CARTES DE LA QUERELLE TERRITORIALE. Cet article explore les cartes du dossier U?wa. Cette confrontation est devenue célèbre suite à la menace de suicide d?un peuple indigène face à un projet pétrolier mené par deux grandes entreprises multinationales, OXY et SHELL, associées à l?État colombien. Le récit d?une ? tribu ? décidée à se suicider au nom de ce qu?elle considère sacré a attiré l?attention des médias du monde entier mais aussi de nombreuses organisations non gouvernementales (ONGs écologiques et des droits de l?homme. Ces dernières ont une participation active dans cette dispute qui se déroule dans le cadre du conflit armé colombien. L?objet de cet article est de mener une réflexion à propos des récits, des images et des représentations avec lesquelles les différents acteurs agissent dans la confrontation. À un certain moment de la controverse, toutes les parties ont préparé et même publié des cartes pour soutenir, souligner et illustrer leur argumentation. Elles montrent toutes le même ensemble de zones : celle de l?aire d?exploitation pétrolière et celles de la réserve indigène légalement reconnue et de l?aire réclamée comme territoire ancestral par les U?wa. Cependant chacun a choisi de montrer la relation entre ces surfaces de façon particulière et met en relief certains éléments. Ces cartes peuvent donc être considérées comme des textes culturels et conforment ainsi un corpus à explorer pour comprendre le conflit. Étant donné que la cartographie prétend être objective, les cartes sont apparemment éloignées des positions qui sont prises dans la discussion. Elles nous offrent, en conséquence, un point de vue privilégié pour entrevoir les hypothèses et les présuppositions de chacun des acteurs. Cet article nous permet une meilleure approcheà travers les cartes, du ? sous-texte ? des antagonistes, des notions, opinions et intentions que les acteurs n'expriment pas de façon explicite, c?est-à-dire de l?inconscient politique de chaque ligne d?argumentation. L?analyse critique de la cartographie nous montre comment, paradoxalement, l?? agenda ? des ONGs écologiques ressemble à celle des agents du développement pétrolier en s?appuyant sur le même type de catégories et de notions. Il nous montre aussi les dispositifs à travers lesquels la cosmologie indigène est rendue statique et essentielle, devenant en même temps invisible et sans légitimité. El presente artículo hace un análisis del caso U'wa, una confrontación que debe su celebridad a la amenaza de suicidio de un pueblo indígena frente a un proyecto petrolero adelantado por dos grandes compañías (la OXY y la SHELL asociadas con el Estado colombiano. El relato de una ?tribu? dispuesta a suicidarse a nombre de lo que ella considera sagrado ha llamado la atención no sólo de los medios en el mundo, sino de numerosas organizaciones no gubernamentales ambientalistas e indigenistas, las que han intervenido de manera activa en esta disputa que se desarrolla en medio del conflicto armado colombiano. El propósito de este artículo es el de adelantar una reflexión sobre el conjunto de relatos, imágenes y representaciones que han guiado las prácticas de los diferentes actores en la confrontación. Todas las partes han preparado e incluso publicado mapas en algún punto de la controversia con el fin de sustentar, resaltar e ilustrar su argumentación. Todos ellos muestran el mismo conjunto de zonas: las del área de explotación petrolera y los territorios indígenas tanto reconocidos por la ley como los reclamados por los indígenas. Cada uno muestra, sin embargo, estas zonas y la relación entre ellas de manera particular y pone en relieve ciertos elementos. Estos mapas se pueden considerar como verdaderos textos culturales y constituyen así un corpus para aproximarnos a la confrontación. Debido a la pretensión de objetividad con la que se expresa la cartografía, los mapas aparecen

2003-01-01

200

Verification and Translation of "Risalat Latifa fi Bayan al-Iman Lughatan wa Shar'an inda Ahl al-Lisan" by Arslanzade  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The available manuscript is composed of verification and Turkish tranlation of "Risalat Latifa fi Bayan al-Iman Lughatan wa Shar'an inda Ahl al-Lisan" which is related to Kalam in periodical entitled "Ta’lifat al-Marhum Arslanzade", which does consist of Arslanzade Mustafa Efendi’s tractates, and registered in Manisa Province Public Library 45 Hk. No. 5837.

Hilmi Karaa?aç

2012-10-01

 
 
 
 
201

The Tomato 14-3-3 protein TFT4 modulates H+ efflux, basipetal auxin transport, and the PKS5-J3 pathway in the root growth response to alkaline stress.  

Science.gov (United States)

Alkaline stress is a common environmental stress, in particular in salinized soils. Plant roots respond to a variety of soil stresses by regulating their growth, but the nature of the regulatory pathways engaged in the alkaline stress response (ASR) is not yet understood. Previous studies show that PIN-FORMED2, an auxin (indole-3-acetic acid [IAA]) efflux transporter, PKS5, a protein kinase, and DNAJ HOMOLOG3 (J3), a chaperone, play key roles in root H(+) secretion by regulating plasma membrane (PM) H(+)-ATPases directly or by targeting 14-3-3 proteins. Here, we investigated the expression of all 14-3-3 gene family members (TOMATO 14-3-3 PROTEIN1 [TFT1]-TFT12) in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) under ASR, showing the involvement of four of them, TFT1, TFT4, TFT6, and TFT7. When these genes were separately introduced into Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and overexpressed, only the growth of TFT4 overexpressors was significantly enhanced when compared with the wild type under stress. H(+) efflux and the activity of PM H(+)-ATPase were significantly enhanced in the root tips of TFT4 overexpressors. Microarray analysis and pharmacological examination of the overexpressor and mutant plants revealed that overexpression of TFT4 maintains primary root elongation by modulating PM H(+)-ATPase-mediated H(+) efflux and basipetal IAA transport in root tips under alkaline stress. TFT4 further plays important roles in the PKS5-J3 signaling pathway. Our study demonstrates that TFT4 acts as a regulator in the integration of H(+) efflux, basipetal IAA transport, and the PKS5-J3 pathway in the ASR of roots and coordinates root apex responses to alkaline stress for the maintenance of primary root elongation. PMID:24134886

Xu, Weifeng; Jia, Liguo; Shi, Weiming; Baluska, Frantisek; Kronzucker, Herbert J; Liang, Jiansheng; Zhang, Jianhua

2013-12-01

202

Hyperon production in p-BE interactions at 158 GeV/c per nucleon at the WA97 CERN experiment  

CERN Document Server

Strange particle production is one of the most useful probes of matter under extreme conditions of temperature and density. Due to the differences between quark masses in a Quark Gluon Plasma and hadron masses in a hadron gas scenario, there is a significant difference in the equilibration times for strange quark production under these two mechanisms. This difference in equilibration times will manifest itself in a much greater yield of strange particles from a QGP with respect to a hadron gas. It is believed that collisions of heavy ions at high energy may provide sufficient conditions for a QGP to be formed. The aim of the WA97 experiment is, therefore, to investigate relativistic heavy ion collisions at the CERN OMEGA Spectrometer, following on from the work of the WA85 and WA94 collaborations. Using a lead ion beam from the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron and a lead target, data were taken in both 1995 and 1996. As a control, in the autumn of 1995, data were also taken using a proton beam incident on a lead...

Norman, P I

1999-01-01

203

A mapping study of L1174 with 13CO J=2-1 and 12CO J=3-2: star formation triggered by a Herbig Ae/Be star  

CERN Document Server

We have carried out a comprehensive study of the molecular conditions and star-forming activities in dark cloud L1174 with multi-wavelength data. Mapping observations of L1174 in $^{13}$CO $J=2-1$ and $^{12}$CO $J=3-2$ were performed using the KOSMA 3-meter telescope. Six molecular cores with masses ranging from 5 to 31 $M_\\odot$ and sizes ranging from 0.17 to 0.39 pc are resolved. Large area ahead of a Herbig Be star, HD 200775, is in expanding and core 1 is with collapse signature. Large line widths of $^{13}$CO $J=2-1$ indicate the ubiquity of turbulent motions in this region. Spectra of $^{12}$CO $J=3-2$ prevalently show conspicuously asymmetric double-peaked profiles. In a large area, red-skewed profiles are detected and suggestive of a scenario of global expansion. There is a large cavity around the Herbig Be star HD 200775, the brightest star in L1174. The gas around the cavity has been severely compressed by the stellar winds from HD 200775. Feedbacks from HD 200775 may have helped form the molecular ...

Yuan, Jing-Hua; Li, Jin Zeng; Yu, Wentao; Miller, Martin

2012-01-01

204

Project AProWa: a national view on managing trade-offs between agricultural production and conservation of aquatic ecosystems  

Science.gov (United States)

Swiss agriculture is legally committed to fulfill several, partially conflicting goals such as agricultural production on the one hand and the conservation of natural resources on the other hand. In the context of the research project AProWa ("Agricultural Production and Water"), the relationships between the production aspect and the conservation of aquatic ecosystems is analyzed with a holistic approach. Agricultural production and the protection of water resources have high potential for conflicts: Farmers use ground and surface water to irrigate their fields. On the other hand, drainage systems enable the production on otherwise unfavorably wet soils. These in turn often affect ground water recharge and divert precipitation directly into surface waters, which changes their hydrological regime. Typically, drainage systems also elevate the input of nutrients and pesticides into the water bodies. In general, applied fertilizers, plant protection products, veterinary drugs and phytohormones of cultivated plants are introduced into the ground and surface waters through different processes such as drift, leaching, runoff, preferential flow or erosion. They influence the nutrient cycles and ecological health of aquatic systems. The nutrient and pesticide loss processes themselves can be altered by tillage operations and other agricultural practices. Furthermore, the competition for space can lead to additional conflicts between agriculture and the protection of aquatic ecosystems. For example, channelized or otherwise morphologically changed rivers do not have a natural discharge pattern and are often not suitable for the local flora and fauna; but naturally meandering rivers need space that cannot be used for agriculture. In a highly industrialized and densely populated country like Switzerland, all these potential conflicts are of importance. Although it is typically seen as a water-rich country, local and seasonal overexploitation of rivers through water extraction for irrigation can already be documented. Due to drier summers induced by climate change, this phenomenon is expected to gain more importance in the future. Related to water quantity and quality it is crucial to think about the diverging interests between the supply of the population with national agricultural products and the preservation of the water bodies, their ecological value and their other ecosystem services (e.g. drinking water supply). The project AProWa attempts to elucidate trade-offs of national goals for water protection and agricultural production in Switzerland by involving stakeholders from agricultural administration (Federal Office for Agriculture, FOAG), agricultural research (Agroscope), water research (Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Eawag) and environmental protection (Federal Office for the Environment, FOEN). This is done by applying multi-criteria decision analysis facilitating consensus regarding goals and possible activities and alternatives to reach these goals. This is followed by an evaluation of main conflicts and prioritized research gaps. We present preliminary results from workshops and interdisciplinary discussion groups that encompass an objectives hierarchy reflecting agricultural production and water conservation goals. Furthermore, an inventory of agricultural practices and water protection measures is presented, enabling their evaluation for the provision of agricultural production while sustaining aquatic ecosystems.

Dietzel, Anne; Rahn, Eric; Stamm, Christian

2014-05-01

205

Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obtained from King County and from US Census data. Fast food restaurant addresses were obtained from Public Health-Seattle & King County and were geocoded. Fast food density was expressed per tract unit area and per capita. Arterial road density was a measure of vehicular and pedestrian access. Multivariate logistic regression models containing both socioeconomic status and road density were used in data analyses. Results Over one half (53.1%) of King County census tracts had at least one fast food restaurant. Mean network distance from dwelling units to a fast food restaurant countywide was 1.40 km, and 1.07 km for census tracts containing at least one fast food restaurant. Fast food restaurant density was significantly associated in regression models with low median household income (p < 0.001) and high arterial road density (p < 0.001) but not with percent of residents who were nonwhite. Conclusion No significant association was observed between census tract minority status and fast food density in King County. Although restaurant density was linked to low household incomes, that effect was attenuated by arterial road density. Fast food restaurants in King County are more likely to be located in lower income neighborhoods and higher traffic areas. PMID:19630979

Hurvitz, Philip M; Moudon, Anne V; Rehm, Colin D; Streichert, Laura C; Drewnowski, Adam

2009-01-01

206

New Wide-Angle Seismic Reflection Data Across the Central Iberia Peninsula: The ALCUDIA-WA transect  

Science.gov (United States)

Within the Iberia Peninsula the crust of the Central Iberian Zone (CIZ) differs from that of the Southern Iberian Massif. They are limited by a suture zone. Both terranes have been the target of extensive active source seismic reflection experiments (normal incidence and wide-angle). Existing knowledge indicates that the southern most part of the CIZ is characterized by a crust with a relatively high mafic composition. The IBERSEIS seismic reflection transect suggested that the CIZ crust was affected by abundant intrusions due to the activity of a Carboniferous mantle plume. The current knowledge in surface geology maps also suggests that the basic magmatism continues further towards the north. This indicates that the mantle plume may have affected an area up to the Tajo depression. The target of the ALCUDIA-WA project is to provide velocity constraints on the CIZ crust. Therefore a spatially dense high resolution wide-angle data set was acquired in early May, 2012. The experiment consisted in a main SW-NE line of receivers and a supplementary transect that sampled the crust beneath the Central Iberian System. Five shots were distributed along the main, approximately, 300 km long line. The acoustic energy generated by shots was recorded by over 900 TEXANS (single component, digital recording stations) from the IRIS-PASSCAL Instrument Center. Each shot consisted in 1 TM of explosives fired in a single 55-65 m deep borehole. This designed generated enough energy to be able to identify Pn and even mantel reflections up to 300 m offset. Approximately, 100 stations were deployed across the Central Iberian System in an effort to map the Topography of the crust-mantle boundary beneath this mountain range. The preliminary analysis of the shot gathers reveal high amplitude reflective events within the upper crust and strong PmP phases.

Carbonell, R.; Ehsan, S.; Ayarza, P.; Martí, D.; Martínez-Poyatos, D.; Schimmel, M.; Ruiz, M.; Gil, A.; Simancas, F.; Azor, A.

2012-12-01

207

Microbial community changes during sustained Cr(VI) reduction at the 100H site in Hanford, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Hexavalent Chromium is a widespread contaminant found in soil, sediment, and groundwater. In order to stimulate microbially-mediated reduction of Cr(VI), a poly-lactate compound (HRC) was injected into the Chromium-contaminated aquifer at the Hanford (WA) 100H site in 2004. Cr(VI) concentrations rapidly declined to below the detection limit and remained so for more than three years after injection. Based on the results of the bacterial community composition using high-density DNA 16S rRNA gene microarrays, we observed the community to transition through denitrifying, ironreducing and sulfate-reducing populations. As a result, we specifically focused isolation efforts on three bacterial species that were significant components of the community. Positive enrichments in defined anaerobic media resulted in the isolation of an iron-reducing Geobacter metallireducens-like isolate, a sulfate-reducing Desulfovibrio vukgaris-like strain and a nitrate-reducing Pseudomonas stutzeri-like isolate among several others. All of these isolates were capable of reducing Cr(VI) anoxically and have been submitted for genome sequencing to JGI. To further characterize the microbial, and geochemical mechanisms associated with in situ Cr(VI) reduction at the site, additional HRC was injected in 2008. The goal was to restimulate the indigenous microbial community and to regenerate the reducing conditions necessary for continued Cr(VI) bio-immobilization in the groundwater. Analysis of the microbial populations post-injection revealed that they recovered to a similar density as after the first injection in 2004. In this study, we present the results from our investigation into microbially-mediated Cr(VI) reduction at Hanford, and a comparison of the microbial community development following two HRC injections four years apart.

Chakraborty, Romy; Brodie, Eoin L; Faybishenko, Boris; Piceno, Yvette M; Tom, Lauren; Choudhuri, Swati; Beller, Harry R; Liu, Jenny; Torok, Tamas; Joyner, Dominique C; Joachimiak, Marcin P; Zhou, Aifen; Van Nostrand, Joy D; Zhou, Joe; Long, Phil E; Newcomer, Darrell R; Andersen, Gary L; Hazen, Terry C.

2010-05-17

208

Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obtained from King County and from US Census data. Fast food restaurant addresses were obtained from Public Health-Seattle & King County and were geocoded. Fast food density was expressed per tract unit area and per capita. Arterial road density was a measure of vehicular and pedestrian access. Multivariate logistic regression models containing both socioeconomic status and road density were used in data analyses. Results Over one half (53.1% of King County census tracts had at least one fast food restaurant. Mean network distance from dwelling units to a fast food restaurant countywide was 1.40 km, and 1.07 km for census tracts containing at least one fast food restaurant. Fast food restaurant density was significantly associated in regression models with low median household income (p Conclusion No significant association was observed between census tract minority status and fast food density in King County. Although restaurant density was linked to low household incomes, that effect was attenuated by arterial road density. Fast food restaurants in King County are more likely to be located in lower income neighborhoods and higher traffic areas.

Streichert Laura C

2009-07-01

209

ADSORPTION TECHNOLOGIES - EVERETT, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The presentation provides an overview of adsorptive media technology for the removal of arsenic from drinking water. The presentation is divided into four topics: Technology, Application, Design and Operation. Each topic is discussed in general and a number of photographs from th...

210

At WA9  

CERN Multimedia

The Clermont-Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon- Uppsala Collaboration set-up this experiment in the H3 beam of the West Hall for a high precision study of elastic scattering of negative pions on protons, in the Coulomb interference region, in the energy region between 30 and 140 GeV. Here, on the left, centre, the proton recoil spectrometer IKAR which consisted of a ionization chamber filled with hydrogen at 1000 kPa, the gas serving both as target and ionization medium. The experiment also included a forward MWPC spectrometer. On the right, Tord Ekelöf.

1977-01-01

211

Formulation and Characterization of LX-17-2 from new FK 800 binder and WA, ATK, and BAE TATBs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Currently LLNL has no Kel-F 800 or wet-aminated TATB reserves for formulation. Although both materials are soon to be commercially available, their synthesis processes have changed and the explosive must be re-evaluated. In 2000 3M phased out the uses of perfluorooctanoyl (C8) derivatives due to environmental persistence and bioaccumulation issues. A C8 derivative was used as an emulsifier for making Kel F-800. In 2001 Kel F-800 was scheduled to be discontinued and the last Kel F-800 run was made in early 2002. LANL ordered 2M$ worth of Kel-F 800 for reserves and Pantex purchased several hundred pounds to satisfy mock needs. After four years, 3M has decided to introduce a Kel-F 800-like polymer based on a new emulsifier using the same chlorotrifluoroethylene and vinylidene fluoride monomers and emulsion polymerization process. They have produced 3 batches and claim the 'new' FK-800 is indistinguishable from the 'old' Kel-F 800 in any of their testing parameters. In June-July 2006 3M scaled up a batch of about 800 pounds and have test quantities available. We have samples of the new FK-800 for evaluation. Neither wet nor dry-aminated TATB has been synthesized in the US in any significant quantity since about 1985 and significant quantities of LX-17-1 has not been formulated since about 1990. Over the last few years as part of a DOD MANTECH, ATK Thiokol and BAE Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HAAP) have produced moderate quantities of TATB ({approx}5 kg batches) with plans to scale up for DOD applications. Thiokol TATB is polycrystalline with an average particle size of about 40 m (similar to WA TATB) but HAAP TATB is only 5-6 {micro}m (similar to ultrafine). We have obtained small quantities of these materials for evaluation. The project (1) compares new FK-800 with old Kel-F 800 and FK-800 lots currently available at LLNL, (2) compares and characterizes new TATB with old TATB, (3) formulates new FK-800 with wet-aminated TATB and new TATBs in according to HAAP slurry coating procedure into LX-17-2, and (4) evaluates the mechanical and detonation performance characteristics of this insensitive high explosive (IHE). Priorities are to prove that these new materials can be formulated, pressed to density and machined; and that they contain no impurities which might cause compatibility issues. Since 3M, LANL, Pantex and AWE are currently evaluating the new FK-800, we plan to share data rather than repeating their work. Our effort is described.

DePiero, S C; Hoffman, D M

2007-08-03

212

RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3: a JAERI improved version of RELAP4/MOD6 for transient thermal-hydraulic analysis of LWR including effects of BWR core spray  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code is the latest version of RELAP4/MOD6/Update4 improved in JAERI. The major improvements and modifications included in this version have been carried out aiming at small break LOCA analysis and BWR-LOCA analysis after core spray initiation. For example, a CCFL calculation model and a spray heat transfer model have been added for BWR-LOCA analysis. Using these models, through calculation from the beginning of blowdown to the end of reflood in BWR-LOCA was made practicable. Furthermore, the analyses of operational transients of LWR were facilitated greatly by an addition of a trip reset function. In this report, the description of the improvements and modifications included in this version, the input data description, and the results of two sample problems are contained. (author)

213

TESTING THE METALS HYPOTHESIS IN SPOKANE, WASHINGTON. (R827355)  

Science.gov (United States)

The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

214

Mafh?m Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jam?’ah ‘Inda Jam’?yah Nah?ah al-‘Ulam?’  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available this article deals with one of the basic pillars of traditionalist Islam in Indoneisa, ahlussunah waljama'ah (Ar. ahl al-sunnah wa al-jama'ah, meaning people of the sunnah and the [orthodox] community. it was first advocated in Indonesia by the leading 'ulama of the pesantrens, and then appeared as a key religious principle for Nahdlatul Ulama (NU, an institution of 'ulama in Indonesia established in 1926.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v12i1.648

Mohammad Tolchah Hasan

2005-04-01

215

Selective adsorption of Pt ions from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion exchange resin Diaion WA21J.  

Science.gov (United States)

Thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Pt ions complexes from the chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. It was found that only Si, Pt, Rh and Pd from the solution were selectively adsorbed on the resin Diaion WA21J more strongly. The adsorption equilibrium time for Pt ions was about 20 h. The isothermal adsorption of Pt ions was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and DKR models. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Q(max) and X(m) of Pt ions on the resin based on Langmuir and DKR model were 4.85, 5.36 and 5.69 mg/g as well as 5.01, 5.63 and 5.98 mg/g for temperatures 18°C, 28°C and 40°C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy E(ad) based on DKR model were -11.79, -11.04 and -11.04 kJ/mol for the temperatures 18°C, 28°C and 40°C, respectively. Ion exchange was the mechanism involved in the adsorption process. The adsorption of Pt ions on the resin underwent pseudo-first-order kinetic process, and the apparent adsorption activation energy E(a,1) was 12.6 kJ/mol. The intraparticle diffusion of Pt ions was a main rate-controlling step in most of time of adsorption process. PMID:21930283

Shen, Shaobo; Guishen, Liang; Pan, Tonglin; He, JunZhang; Guo, Zhanchen

2011-12-15

216

NOx emissions retrofit at Reliant Energy, W.A. Parish Generating Station, Unit 7: Achieving 0.15 lb/MBtu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The current Clean Air Act (CAA), Title 1 regulations require States to develop implementation plans (SIPs) which address NO{sub x} emissions as part of the ozone non-attainment requirements. The EPA has recommended NO{sub x} limits of 0.15 lb/MBtu for utility boilers. In this paper, Reliant Energy and ABB C-E Services, Inc. will discuss a project where 0.15 lb NO{sub x}/MBtu can be achieved with the TFS 2000{trademark} R firing system and highly reactive Powder River Basin (PRB) fuels. Reliant Energy will retrofit their W.A. Parish Unit 7 with this system in the first quarter of 1999. This is part of Reliant Energy's drive to lower NO{sub x} emissions and meet future air quality requirements at the W.Q. Parish station.

Gessner, T.M.; Hoh, R.H.; Ray, B.; Dorazio, T.; Jennings, P.; Sikorski, K.

1999-07-01

217

March 17-19, 2004: The Early Detection Research Network Conference/Workshop on the Analysis of Proteomic Spectral Data Including SELDI/MALDI-TOF-MS Applications; Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Date/Location March 17-19, 2004 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA Hosted by: The University of Alabama at Birmingham Principal Investigator: William E. Grizzle, MD, PhD (Validation Laboratory of the EDRN) & The Fred Hutchinson Cancer

218

76 FR 34970 - Avista Corporation; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and Soliciting Comments...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Idaho. g. Filed Pursuant to: Federal Power Act, 16 U.S.C. 791(a)-825(r). h. Applicant Contact: Mr. John Hamill, Avista Corporation, P.O. Box 3727, Spokane, WA 99220-3727, (509) 495-4611, or Ms. Michele Drake, Avista...

2011-06-15

219

47 CFR 90.35 - Industrial/Business Pool.  

Science.gov (United States)

...86°19?06.5?Spokane, WA:Grant County Int'l (MWH)47°12?27...Authorizations for multiple frequencies for geophysical operations will be granted on...4) of this section. However, each geophysical exploration party may use a...

2010-10-01

220

Identifying Pathfinder Elements for Gold in Multi-Element Soil Geochemical Data from the Wa-Lawra Belt, Northwest Ghana: A Multivariate Statistical Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A multivariate statistical analysis was performed on multi-element soil geochemical data from the Koda Hill-Bulenga gold prospects in the Wa-Lawra gold belt, northwest Ghana. The objectives of the study were to define gold relationships with other trace elements to determine possible pathfinder elements for gold from the soil geochemical data. The study focused on seven elements, namely, Au, Fe, Pb, Mn, Ag, As and Cu. Factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were performed on the analyzed samples. Factor analysis explained 79.093% of the total variance of the data through three factors. This had the gold factor being factor 3, having associations of copper, iron, lead and manganese and accounting for 20.903% of the total variance. From hierarchical clustering, gold was also observed to be clustering with lead, copper, arsenic and silver. There was further indication that, gold concentrations were lower than that of its associations. It can be inferred from the results that, the occurrence of gold and its associated elements can be linked to both primary dispersion from underlying rocks and secondary processes such as lateritization. This data shows that Fe and Mn strongly associated with gold, and alongside Pb, Ag, As and Cu, these elements can be used as pathfinders for gold in the area, with ferruginous zones as targets.

John Mahfouz Asigri

2012-02-01

 
 
 
 
221

Characterization of the environmental fate of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kaurstaki (Btk) after pest eradication efforts in Seattle, WA and Fairfax county, VA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Understanding the fate of biological agents in the environment will be critical to recovery and restoration efforts after a biological attack. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is conducting experiments in the Seattle, WA and Fairfax County, VA areas to study agent fate in urban environments. As part of their gypsy moth suppression efforts, Washington State and Fairfax County have sprayed Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (Btk), a common organic pesticide for decades. Many of the spray zones have been in or near urban areas. LANL has collected surface and bulk samples from historical Seattle spray zones to characterize how long Btk persists at detectable levels in the environment, and how long it remains viable in different environmental matrices. This work will attempt to address three questions. First, how long does the agent remain viable at detectable levels? Second, what is the approximate magnitude and duration of resuspension? And third, does the agent transport into buildings? Data designed to address the first question will be presented. Preliminary results indicate Btk remains viable in the environment for at least two years.

Ticknor, Lawrence [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van Cuyk, Sheila M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Deshpande, Alina [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Omberg, Kristin M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01

222

Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (Kd) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Qmax based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 deg. C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process.

223

The use of 2D and 3D WA-BPM models to analyze total-internal-reflection-based integrated optical switches  

Science.gov (United States)

The well known beam propagation method (BPM) has become one of the most useful, robust and effective numerical simulation tools for the investigation of guided-wave optics, for example integrated optical waveguides and fiber optic devices. In this paper we examine the use of the 2D and 3D wide angle-beam propagation method (WA-BPM) combined with the well known perfectly matched layer (PML) boundary conditions as a tool to analyze TIR based optical switches, in particular the relationship between light propagation and the geometrical parameters of a TIR based optical switch. To analyze the influence of the length and the width of the region in which the refractive index can be externally controlled, the 3D structure of a 2x2 TIR optical switch is firstly considered in 2D using the effective index method (EIM). Then the influence of the etching depth and the tilt angle of the reflection facet on the switch performance are investigated with a 3D model.

Wang, Pengfei; Brambilla, Gilberto; Semenova, Yuliya; Wu, Qiang; Zheng, Jie; Farrell, Gerald

2011-08-01

224

Mapping of the Rf-3 nuclear fertility-restoring gene for WA cytoplasmic male sterility in rice using RAPD and RFLP markers.  

Science.gov (United States)

The cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) of wild-abortive (WA) cytoplasm has been widely used for breeding hybrid rice. Two restorer genes for the CMS have been found by traditional genetic analysis. To tag the restorer genes we used a set of near-isogenic lines (NILs) of Zhenshan 97 carrying different genotypes for fertility restoration from IR24, to perform RAPD analysis. From the survey of 720 random primers, six RAPD markers were identified to be associated with Rf-3. Three of these OPK05-800, OPU10-1100 and OPW01-350, were mapped on chromosome 1. Two F(2) populations from the crosses between Zhenshan 97 A and a near-isogenic restorer line ZSR21 and between Zhenshan 97 A and IR24 were used for mapping Rf-3. The three RAPD markers and three RFLP markers, RG532, RG140 and RG458, were found to be closely linked to Rf-3 in the two F(2) populations. The same location of Rf-3 was also found in a BC(1) population from the cross of IR58025 A//IR36/IR58025 B. At the RG532 locus, different alleles were found between two CMS lines, Zhenshan 97 A and IR58025 A, and between two restorer lines, IR24 and IR36. The use of these molecular markers closely linked to Rf-3 in facilitating the development of hybrid rice is discussed. PMID:19352741

Zhang, G; Lu, Y; Bharaj, T S; Virmani, S S; Huang, N

1997-01-01

225

La??’if, Paraenetica and Prophets: restudying Junta Manuscript Kit?b la??’if al-Anbiy’ wa-fhi Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available While examining the genre of “The Stories of the Prophets” (Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’ as background to my dissertation about Abraham in Islamic literature, I received from Prof. J. Sadan a manuscript that he found in the British Library that is related to this genre. Later I found similar versions of the same composition, which led me to try to find how this compilation emerged. The composition is very close to the preaching literature (wa‘?, which deals mainly with moral education, but it also includes stories. I wondered if this is a literary genre, standing by itself, which started out as an aid, auxiliary material for understanding the oral tradition and religious studies, and then became an independent genre, closer to edifying literature, known as Paraenetica, or to the genre of Specula Regis (Mirrors of kings. I describe the manuscript in order to try to reach a conclusion: is this a different literary genre? Is it an educational genre or only a simplified version of stories for a child or a non-Arab ruler whose education was in Arabic language? Or did the writer perhaps want an original name for his compilation, and as the name Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’ was already in use he chose a different name, using a word which also intimates the collection’s small size?

Trabajando sobre el género de “Historias de los Profetas” (Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’ en el proceso de elaboración de mi tesis sobre Abraham en la literatura islámica, el profesor J. Sadan me envió un manuscrito que había localizado en la British Library relacionado con este género. Posteriormente encontré versiones similares de la misma composición, lo que me animó a profundizar mi investigación sobre sus orígenes. La obra está próxima a la literatura de predicación (wa‘?, que se ocupa principalmente de la educación moral, pero también incluye historias. Me planteé la posibilidad de que éste formarse un género que hubiera surgido como una ayuda, un material auxiliar concebido para entender la tradición oral y los estudios religiosos para, posteriormente, convertirse en un género independiente, más cercano a la Parénesis o al Specula Regis (Espejos de príncipes. Describiré el manuscrito para intentar alcanzar una conclusión sobre ciertas cuestiones: ¿es éste un género literario diferente?, ¿se trata de un género educativo o solamente es una versión simplificada de historias para ilustrar a niños o principiantes de la lengua árabe?, ¿buscaría el autor un nombre original para su compilación, haciendo referencia al reducido tamaño de la colección y descartando el de Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’ por ser conocido?

Ben-Ari, Shosh

2008-06-01

226

Molecular and Phenetic Characterization of the Bacterial Assemblage of Hot Lake, WA, an Environment with High Concentrations of Magnesium Sulfate, and Its Relevance to Mars  

Science.gov (United States)

Hot Lake (Oroville, WA) is an athalassohaline epsomite lake that can have precipitating concentrations of MgSO4 salts, mainly epsomite. Little biotic study has been done on epsomite lakes and it was unclear whether microbes isolated from epsomite lakes and their margins would fall within recognized halotolerant genera, common soil genera, or novel phyla. Our initial study cultivated and characterized epsotolerant bacteria from the lake and its margins. Approximately 100 aerobic heterotrophic microbial isolates were obtained by repetitive streak-plating in high-salt media including either 10% NaCl or 2 M MgSO4. The collected isolates were all bacteria, nearly evenly divided between Gram-positive and Gram-negative clades, the most abundant genera being Halomonas, Idiomarina, Marinobacter, Marinococcus, Nesterenkonia, Nocardiopsis, and Planococcus. Bacillus, Corynebacterium, Exiguobacterium, Kocuria, and Staphylococcus also were cultured. This initial study included culture-independent community analysis of direct DNA extracts of lake margin soil using PCR-based clone libraries and 16S rRNA gene phylogeny. Clones assigned Gram-positive bacterial clades (70% of total clones) were dominated by sequences related to uncultured actinobacteria. There were abundant Deltaproteobacteria clones related to bacterial sulfur metabolisms and clones of Legionella and Coxiella. These epsomite lake microbial communities seem to be divided between bacteria primarily associated with hyperhaline environments rich in NaCl and salinotolerant relatives of common soil organisms. Archaea appear to be in low abundance and none were isolated, despite near-saturated salinities. Growth of microbes at very high concentrations of magnesium and other sulfates has relevance to planetary protection and life-detection missions to Mars, where scant liquid water may form as deliquescent brines and appear as eutectic liquids. PMID:24748851

Kilmer, Brian R.; Eberl, Timothy C.; Cunderla, Brent; Chen, Fei; Clark, Benton C.; Schneegurt, Mark A.

2014-01-01

227

Fibraty - dlaczego wa?ne? Statyny - dlaczego wa?niejsze?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Fibraty i statyny stanowi? obecnie podstawowe leki hipolipemizuj?ce w praktyce klinicznej. W ostatnim czasie wzrasta rola statyn, chocia? pojawiaj? si? równie? interesuj?ce doniesienia o roli fibratów w farmakoterapii kardiologicznej. Aktualnie - po publikacji wyników badania HPS {Heart Protection Study - statyny zyska?y kolejne dowody kliniczne na rzecz ich szerszego stosowania. Niniejsza debata ma celu skonfrontowanie tych dwóch grup leków pod k?tem ich dzia?ania farmakologicznego i dowodów pochodz?cych z kontrolowanych bada? ?wiadcz?cych o ich korzystnym wp?ywie. Dwaj uczestnicy debaty - reprezentuj?cy odpowiednio fibraty i statyny - poproszeni zostali o ustosunkowanie si? do trzech kwestii: podstaw epidemiologicznych stosowania tych grup leków, efektów dzia?ania statyn i fibratów w praktyce klinicznej oraz dowodów p?yn?cych z bada? klinicznych nad tymi lekami (evidence-based medicine. Ka?dy z uczestników dyskusji podsumowa? te? swoje stanowisko wzgl?dem obecnego statusu terapeutycznego grupy leków, któr? przedstawia?.

Jacek Lewandowski

2002-09-01

228

WA7 - View from downstream  

CERN Multimedia

With this set-up the Annecy (LAPP)-CERN-Copenhagen(Niels Bohr Institute)-Genova-Oslo-University College London Collaboration investigated large-angle elastic scattering of charged mesons and antiprotons on protons, first at 20 and 30 GeV/c, later at 50 GeV/c. The beam H1 (from top) passes two CEDAR counters (centre) before entering the one-metre long liquid hydrogen target, partly inside a magnet of 1.56 T, with a field volume of about 1.50x0.75x1.50 m3. In the foreground one sees on the left the hadron calorimeter of the 'slow' arm; on the right, are scintillation hodoscopes and behind them, a treshold Cerenkov counter of the 'fast' arm.

1977-01-01

229

Hydrogeologic Case Studies (Seattle, WA)  

Science.gov (United States)

Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

230

UV - OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Brewer 147 is located in Olympic NP, measuring ultraviolet solar radiation. Irradiance and column ozone are derived from this data. Ultraviolet solar radiation is measured with a Brewer Mark IV, single-monochrometer, spectrophotometer manufactured by SCI-TEC Instruments, Inc. of ...

231

Boeing Aerospace Co., Seattle, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A two stage subharmonic injector has been installed and tested on the Boeing S band linac. The injector is designed as a prototype front end for a high voltage linac for free electron laser research. This accelerator will require long macropulse trains of widely spaced high current micropulses. Single micropulse output beams of 1-2 nC, 10 ps width, 1% full width energy spread and normalized emittance of epsilon/sub n/ = ???rphi = 0.01 cm-rad have been measured. The data are in good agreement with model predictions

232

WA zircon undermines major theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Analysis of a tiny zircon crystal found in Western Australia suggests the Earth had oceans and continents just 50 million years after a giant impact was supposed to have melted the planet and formed the Moon. The 200-micron crystal comes from ancient rocks in the remote Jack Hills area. Radiometric dating puts its age at 4.404 billion years, more than 100 million years older than the next-oldest known fragment of the Earth. More surprisingly, the ratio of oxygen isotopes indicates the material that formed the zircon had reacted with liquid water - suggesting the Earth had oceans much earlier than anyone had expected. The conventional model is that the top 1000 kilometres of the Earth was molten rock at the time, says John Valley, a geologist at the University of Wisconsin in Madison. The Earth formed 4.55 billion years ago, but the impact of a Mars-sized body about 4.45 billion years ago was thought to have melted the planet again and splashed material into space which formed the Moon. The discovery presents 'real problems' for the lunar impact theory, according to Allan Treiman of the Lunar and Planetary Institute in Houston. On impact. 'an incredible amount of heat gets dumped into the Earth - all the heat of the impact, plus the heat of the object's core' he said. Cooling would take a long time. With only 50 million years between the supposed impact and the time the zircon formed, 'you're running out of time to create the Moon and have the Earth cool down enough to have oceans,' Treiman said. Although a magma ocean might lose heat quickly, cooling would slow once a solid crust covered the liquid. The ancient zircon suggests the Earth's surface was solid rock 4.4 billion years ago, and had even developed continents. Zircons normally form in granites or andesites and these rocks result from the melting of crustal rock and subsequent eruption on continents. The isotope concentration of 180 in the zircon indicates the rocks that melted had previously reacted with liquid water. This implies that surface temperatures were not above 100 deg C at the time. The original rock in which the zircon formed eroded away billions of years ago, but the hard grain survived and was incorporated in a sedimentary rock in the ancient heart of Australia

233

Study of {Lambda}{sup +}{sub c} production and Pentaquark search in WA89 CERN experiment data; Etude de la production du {Lambda}{sup +}{sub c} et recherche du Pentaquark dans les donnees de l`experience WA89 du CERN  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This thesis is dedicated to the study of the {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} charmed baryon and to the ``Pentaquark`` search, within the framework of the CERN WA89 experiment. This fixed target experiment is using a 330 GeV/c hyperon beam. Its aim is the production and the study of baryons carrying charm and strangeness as well as the search of multiquarks. The experimental setup is built around the CERN Omega spectrometer. Production and decay vertices of charmed particles are reconstructed by means of microstrip detectors. Multiwire proportional chambers reconstruct the trajectories in the Omega magnetic field and particle identification is provided by a Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector. An invariant mass signal has been obtained for the {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} in the proton-kaon-pion decay channel. Distorsion effects occurring in the event reconstruction have been taken into account in the estimation of the {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} lifetime and production cross-section. Finally, the exotic multiquark state ``Pentaquark`` was investigated in the channel proton-phi-pion but no signal was observed. (author). 86 refs., 56 figs.

Charignon, F.

1995-01-01

234

An unedited 1.1 kb mitochondrial orfB gene transcript in the Wild Abortive Cytoplasmic Male Sterility (WA-CMS system of Oryza sativa L. subsp. indica  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The application of hybrid rice technology has significantly increased global rice production during the last three decades. Approximately 90% of the commercially cultivated rice hybrids have been derived through three-line breeding involving the use of WA-CMS lines. It is believed that during the 21st century, hybrid rice technology will make significant contributions to ensure global food security. This study examined the poorly understood molecular basis of the WA-CMS system in rice. Results RFLPs were detected for atp6 and orfB genes in sterile and fertile rice lines, with one copy of each in the mt-genome. The RNA profile was identical in both lines for atp6, but an additional longer orfB transcript was identified in sterile lines. 5' RACE analysis of the long orfB transcript revealed it was 370 bp longer than the normal transcript, with no indication it was chimeric when compared to the genomic DNA sequence. cDNA clones of the longer orfB transcript in sterile lines were sequenced and the transcript was determined unedited. Sterile lines were crossed with the restorer and maintainer lines, and fertile and sterile F1 hybrids were respectively generated. Both hybrids contained two types of orfB transcripts. However, the long transcript underwent editing in the fertile F1 hybrids and remained unedited in the sterile lines. Additionally, the editing of the 1.1 kb orfB transcript co-segregated with fertility restoring alleles in a segregating population of F2 progeny; and the presence of unedited long orfB transcripts was detected in the sterile plants from the F2 segregating population. Conclusion This study helped to assign plausible operative factors responsible for male-sterility in the WA cytoplasm of rice. A new point of departure to dissect the mechanisms governing the CMS-WA system in rice has been identified, which can be applied to further harness the opportunities afforded by hybrid vigor in rice.

Maiti Mrinal K

2010-03-01

235

Rating adab: al-Taw??d?on the merits of poetry and prose. The 25th night of the Kit?b al-imt?' wa-l-mu'?nasa, translation and commentary  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ab? ?ayy?n al-Taw??d? (d. 414/1023 actively contributed to the rich and diverse debate that took place in all fields of adab in the middle Abbasid period. In the 25th night of this Kit?b al-imt?‘ wal-l-mu’ ?nasa, al-Taw??d? talks about the respective virtues of poetry and prose. This highly entertaining debate, where jest and earnest (jidd wa-hazl are skillfully interwoven, also stands under the influence of Aristotelian ideas that were applied to literary theory. The article offers a commented translation with references to other contemporary sources.

Ab? ?ayy?n al-Taw??d? (m. 414/1023 contribuyó activamente al rico y variado debate que se produjo en todos los ámbitos del adab hacia mediados del periodo 'abb?sí. En la noche 25 de su Kit?b al-imt?‘ wal-l-mu’ ?nasa, al-Taw??d? habla acerca de los méritos respectivos de la poesía y de la prosa. Este entretenido debate, en el que lo humorístico y lo serio (?idd wa-hazl están estrechamente entrelazados, también muestra la influencia de las ideas aristotélicas que fueron aplicadas a la teoría literaria. Este artículo ofrece una traducción comentadas con referencias a otras fuentes contemporáneas.

Hachmeier, Klaus

2004-12-01

236

Search of the signals related to the disoriented chiral condensate in the data of the Pb + Pb reaction at 158 A.GeV from the WA98 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We used the multiplicity detectors of the WA98 apparatus for the Disoriented Chiral Condensate search (DDC). We developed a method of event selection based on 2-D wavelet transformation for the search of ?0 or ?+- clusters. We use also this method for the localization and characterization of clusters in terms of position and internal structure. The wavelet transformation singles out the signal at every scale in coefficients of two types: those corresponding to a signal smoothing and the wavelet coefficients sensible to signal density variations in case of a 2 D point distribution. By summing over the squared values of the last ones at every scale one can build the strength spectrum which is flat for a uniform distribution and the coefficients of which are sensible to cluster size. This spectrum was used to select the most structured candidates. The authors intend to extend this study by correlating different analysis scales as well as photons and charged particle clusters

237

[The "Chapter on health preservation" in the Kit?b al-tays?r f? l-mud?w?t wa-l-tadb?r by Avenzoar (1095-1162)].  

Science.gov (United States)

The Kit?b al-tays?r f? l-mud?w?t wa-l-tadb?r (The Method of Preparing Medicines and Diet) was written in Arabic by Avenzoar (1095-1162). It has yet to be translated into any Western modern language, and we wish to take on this task. We begin by offering an annotated Spanish translation (with commentary) of its preliminary "Chapter on the preservation of health". The Al-mohad caliph 'Abd al-Mu'min, for whom Avenzoar served as court physician, requested the book for his personal use. The work begins with this chapter, which contains measures for preventing and curing certain diseases. This section is followed by the main body of the book. It consists of a complete list of diseases working from head to toe and including their description, symptoms and treatment. The translated chapter is an atypical and concise treatise on the subject. It is presented in a quasi-aphoristic style that appears to have been used by Avenzoar to rapidly deal with the prevention area, in order to concentrate his efforts on what is surely one of the finest and most extensive mediaeval nosographies. We make this claim because our author does not exclusively use for this purpose the so-called "non-naturals"--the usual focus of health preservation measures of the time. Rather, he makes wide use of simple medicines with preventative ends--an unusual practice. Moreover, he indiscriminately intersperses prevention elements with others that are intended to cure. In order to better understand the meaning of this text, we previously refer to the foundations of health preservation practices in the mediaeval world, to the reasons why Avenzoar wrote the Kit?b al-tays?r f? l-mud?w?t wa-l-tadb?r, and to the characteristics of its translated chapter. We also examine the medical sources and contents of this chapter. PMID:20695171

Peña, Carmen; Girón, Fernando

2010-01-01

238

Refrigeration and Cryogenics Specialist. J3ABR54530  

Science.gov (United States)

This document package contains an Air Force course used to train refrigeration and cryogenics specialists. The course is organized in six blocks designed for group instruction. The blocks cover the following topics: electrical principles; fundamentals of tubing and piping; metering devices, motor controls, domestic and commercial refrigeration;…

Air Force Training Command, Sheppard AFB, TX.

239

New results from WA102 experiment  

CERN Document Server

A study of central meson production as a function of the azimuthal angle phi between the two outgoing protons show that the phi distributions are different for the different J sup P sup C of the central system and that the observed distributions are consistent with the DPE mediated by two vector Pomerons. In addition, the distributions of the difference in transverse momentum (dP sub T) of exchange particles are significantly different for the undisputed qqbar states and the glueball candidates. The S-wave spectrum of the centrally produced KKbar, and pi pi systems show evidence on f sub 0 (980), f sub 0 (1370), f sub 0 (1500) and f sub J (1710) states production. The spin of f sub J (1710) is unambiguously identified as J=0.

Singovsky, A V

2000-01-01

240

49 CFR 372.217 - Seattle, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Washington Highway 3 to the boundary of Olympic View Industrial Park/Bremerton-Kitsap County Airport, thence westerly...and northerly along the boundary of Olympic View Industrial Park/ Bremerton-Kitsap County Airport to its...

2010-10-01

 
 
 
 
241

Explanation of IAEA EBP WA1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An outline of IAEA/ISSC/EBP activities was given and the relation of this WS to those activities was explained. Deep borehole seismic observation is one of the themes in Work Area 1, and the IAEA conveyed its expectation that this WS would lead to the creation of a supplemental document for seismic hazard evaluation to be included in IAEA guide SSG-9 (Seismic Hazards in Site Evaluation for Nuclear Installations). (author)

242

GROUNDWATER DATA BOOMSNUB SITE - VANCOUVER, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

These data sets were assembled from data extracted from the EPA Laboratory data systems. It is the final product of an effort by the Data Management and Hydrogeology staff of the Office of Environmental Assessment, EPA Region 10, with critical support provided by Superfund ESAT c...

243

LAND OWNERSHIP IN WA, OR, AND ID  

Science.gov (United States)

Data came from the GAP programs and were captured from 1:100,000 scale maps. Projection: R10 Albers Scale: 1:100,000. Major Attributes: Ownership codes, code signifying the National Forest or BLM district, site or area name given by the managing agency. Sources: Idaho Dept...

244

76 FR 44976 - Washington Disaster # WA-00031  

Science.gov (United States)

...for the State of Washington dated 07/19/2011. Incident: White Swan Fire. Incident Period: 02/12/2011 through 02...Domestic Assistance Numbers 59002 and 59008) July 19, 2011. Karen G. Mills, Administrator. [FR Doc. 2011-18896 Filed...

2011-07-27

245

Ngwaga wa Mopedi: seka sa ngwaga wa merafe ye mengwe ya Bibele  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Pedi year: A comparison with the year of the other biblical nations The investigation grounds arguments on facts that there is correlation between Sepedi and Hebrew calendars particularly in relation to similarity as well as difference between the two nations’ beliefs which are related to the number (twelve months of the months of the year. This means that Sepedi and Hebrew believe that the year comprised twelve months. Adding to this, the four Hebrew’s early names of the months of the year, namely Abib, Ziv, Ethanim and Bul, of uncertain meaning, differ from the contemporary Hebrew calendar months. This featuristic phenomenon appears also in the Sepedi naming of the months of the year where a month is named after two or more names, such as Dibokwane (February, Hlakola (March, Mopitlo (May, Phupu (June and Ngwatobošego (June as well as Mosegamanye (July. The arrangement of the months of the year brings forth certain similarity to the two calendars of these two languages. However, there is difference between the two calendars in relation to the number of the days of the week.

Mawatle J. Mojalefa

2011-03-01

246

Voisins ou ennemis à Arba Wa Nus ? La mise en scène du quotidien des migrants forcés égyptiens et réfugiés sud soudanais dans un quartier populaire du Caire Neighbors or Enemies? The presentation of self in everyday life by Egyptians and forced Sudanese migrants in an informal makeshift Cairo neighborhood  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cet article tente, à partir de l’outil vidéo et d’une approche théorique interactive, d’explorer les rapports de voisinage entre deux populations de déplacés (Sud Soudanais et Égyptiens du sud dans une zone irrégulière de la mégapole cairote. Une observation des scènes de la vie quotidienne dans les espaces publics de Quatre et demi (Arba Wa Nus permet de poser l’hypothèse d’un territoire essentiellement marqué par la violence des rapports sociaux. Les agressions dont sont victimes les Sud Soudanais, en provenance du Bar El-Ghazal, sont elles le signe de l’émergence de nouveaux racismes liés à l’augmentation des flux de migrants forcés subsahariens ou alors les hostilités quotidiennes sont-elles le produit social suis-generis d’un espace marginal qui se singularise par l’indigence et le déracinement des populations qui y sont installées ?Based on video filming used as a research tool and influenced by the sociology of interactions, this article seeks to explore the relations between two displaced populations in Cairo (South Sudanese and Egyptians from Upper Egypt in an outlying zone of the megalopolis. Observing the presentation of self in everyday interactions in public places in the Arba Wa Nus quarter, prompts us to propose the hypothesis of a territory essentially “marked” by social violence. Can we say that the aggressions of which the South Sudanese are victims are the sign of the emergence of a “new racism”, related to the influx of forced migrants from Africa to Egypt? Are everyday hostilities a sui-generis social product of a marginal space which could be characterized by poverty and by the uprooting of the populations living there? Those are the two questions we attempt to answer here.

Fabienne Le Houérou

2012-03-01

247

20 CFR Appendix A to Subpart F of... - U.S. Seaports  

Science.gov (United States)

...WA Portage, WA Port Angeles, WA Port Gamble, WA Port Townsend, WA Raymond, WA Seattle, WA Tacoma, WA Vancouver, WA Willapa Harbor, WA Winslow, WA Great Lakes Range Duluth, MN Silver Bay, MN Green Bay, WI...

2010-04-01

248

Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2003-2004 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2005-11-01

249

Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2006-02-01

250

The solutions for j3 system from shell model and generator coordinate method  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The solutions for the problem of 3 particles moving in a single-j shell are given from the shell model and the generator coordinate method (GCM) respectively. After taking all possible contractions of fermions as well as bosons, GCM can produce the same exact solution as the shell model. So it is quite reasonable to expect that GCM is an effective theory in treating coupling between boson and fermion degrees of freedom in nuclei microscopically. (author)

251

78 FR 77710 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions  

Science.gov (United States)

...13001059 Washington Pierce County Point Defiance Streetcar Station, 5801 Trolley Ln., Tacoma, 13001060 Spokane County Finch, John A., School, N. 3717 Milton St., Spokane, 13001061 Germond Block, 830 W. Sprague Ave., Spokane, 13001062...

2013-12-24

252

40 CFR 52.2470 - Identification of plan.  

Science.gov (United States)

...January 22, 1993; “Spokane County Carbon Monoxide Non-attainment Area 1990...for Washington State, Spokane County Carbon Monoxide Nonattainment Area, Supplement...for Washington State, Spokane County Carbon Monoxide Nonattainment Area,...

2010-07-01

253

78 FR 76750 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Chambers Creek, Steilacoom, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...to this vertical lift bridge including replacement of a link pin bearing in the lift system, replacing lower racks for the counterweight...able to open for emergencies and there is no immediate alternate route for vessels to pass. The Coast Guard will also inform the...

2013-12-19

254

Preparing for neutrinos at the SPS (exp WA1)  

CERN Multimedia

The experimental set-up consists of 19 modules of magnetized iron in which layers of scintillators are inserted. Drift chambers placed between the modules will complete this huge neutrino detector (CERN-Dortmund- Heidelberg-Saclay Collaboration)

1975-01-01

255

75 FR 34154 - Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Columbian white-tailed deer and western pond turtle, and inventory and monitoring efforts...River `S' Unit, 250 acres of Bachelor Island would be opened to waterfowl hunting...to prevent disturbance to a great blue heron nesting colony. A new 1.5-mile...

2010-06-16

256

RCRA FACILITIES IN WA, OR, ID, AND AK  

Science.gov (United States)

This data is available region-wide. Mostly includes TSD sites. Locations for most of the sites are the lat/longs that are in the mainframe database of questionable accuracy. Easily incorporated into maps at the region to site level. Available in SITE MAPPER application. Scale...

257

77 FR 33307 - Columbia Unlimited Hydroplane Races; Kennewick, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...USCG-2011-0595] RIN 1625-AA08 Columbia Unlimited Hydroplane Races; Kennewick...the Special Local Regulation for the Columbia Unlimited Hydroplane Races from Tuesday...in the Annual Kennewick, Washington, Columbia Unlimited Hydroplane Races (Water...

2012-06-06

258

76 FR 42549 - Columbia Unlimited Hydroplane Races; Kennewick, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...165 [Docket No. USCG-2011-0595] Columbia Unlimited Hydroplane Races; Kennewick...the Special Local Regulation for the Columbia Unlimited Hydroplane Races. This regulation...restricts navigation and anchorage on the Columbia River for six days at the end of...

2011-07-19

259

Development of blue rose; Aoi bara wa sakuka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Precise crystalline structures of pigments in petals have been elucidated by structural analysis of the blue pigment in Commelinaceae petals using X-ray analysis. It is found that the Mg ion is coordinated with the oxygen atom on the B-nucleus in the base nucleus of delphinidin (belonging to anthocyanidine, a pigment obtained by separating sugar from anthocyanin by hydrolysis) to develop a blue color, and that the complex is a stable supermolecule in which 6 pigment molecules are associated regularly with 6 flavone molecules. The similar mechanisms are responsible for development of blue color for flowers, and widely occurring in nature. Biosynthesis of anthocyanin, beginning with phenylalanine, undergoes virtually common processes; cyclization of the flavonoide skeleton, reduction to the anthocyanidine nucleus, hydroxylation of the B-nucleus in the base nucleus and glycoside formation at the 3-site. It will be possible to shift rose color to blue, if anthocyanin belonging to anthocyanidine could be bio-synthesized by introducing the gene of enzyme for 3`, 5`-hydroxylation on the base nucleus, which the rose lacks. 4 refs., 4 figs.

Kondo, T. [Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan); Yoshida, K.

1998-06-01

260

New results from WA102 experiment [Central meson production  

CERN Document Server

A study of central meson production as a function of the azimuthal angle phi between the two outgoing protons show that the phi distributions are different for the different J/sup PC/ of the central system and that the observed distributions are consistent with the DPE mediated by two vector pomerons. In addition, the distributions of the difference in transverse momentum (dP/sub T/) of exchange particles are significantly different for the undisputed qq states and the glueball candidates. The S-wave spectrum of the centrally produced KK, and pi pi systems show evidence on f/sub 0 /(980), f/sub 0/(1370), f/sub 0/(1500) and f/sub J/(1710) state production. The spin of f/sub J/(1710) is unambiguously identified as J=0. (18 refs).

Singovsky, A V

2000-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

76 FR 3922 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...forest, and habitat for spawning wild salmon, hundreds of thousands of migrating...this host plant would serve the future reintroduction of the endangered Oregon silverspot...this host plant would serve the future reintroduction of the endangered Oregon...

2011-01-21

262

Issaquah Highlands Zero Energy Affordable Housing (WA) - YWCA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The YWCA Family Village at Issaquah, Net Zero Energy Approach Project provides a compelling model for how the nation can seriously respond to the critical need for affordable housing while advancing environmental standards and reducing economic inequities. Affordable housing developments for vulnerable members of the community and in today's workforce cannot overlook issues, such as climate impact, energy security and water conservation. This project's advanced building design was based on the goal of creating a 100 year building that could achieve net zero energy usage if funding had been available to support the final pieces of energy generation. The team worked closely with community stakeholders to ensure the baseline components of high quality and efficient building envelopes along with efficient systems were in place to set the stage for future incorporation of energy generating systems such as solar panels. As built, these 146 homes, large child care center and community services areas are proving the value of investing upfront for the benefit of future generations by reducing ongoing utility and maintenance costs with an eye toward environmental stewardship and community/resident education. The DOE award helped fund two critical energy conservation features for the YWCA Family Village at Issaquah campus: 1) super-insulated roof assembly with a continuous air barrier and 2) domestic hot water preheat system. The roof system at the YWCA Family Village at Issaquah project was built to include 6" of Polyiso rigid insulation (R-38) on top of the roof sheathing to provide a super-insulated roof in line with the other green features of the project. Placing the rigid insulation on top of the roof sheathing allows the building to have a continuous layer of insulation and provides a continuous air barrier. The domestic hot water preheat system includes flat panel arrays on roofs of the buildings that heat the water using solar power, which reduces the amount of heating needed from the gas-fired boilers. The flat-plate panels on the roof of the building heats the water using solar power. A heat exchanger transfers heat from water warmed by the panels to potable water for the units. The warmed potable water mixes with the tap water supply to create hot water for the buildings. This boost of water warmed by the solar panels reduces the heating costs for eh project by reducing the need to heat the water via gas-fired boilers. Both of these energy upgrades were chosen because they significantly improve the energy efficiency for the life of the building and are reducing monthly utility costs for both the residents and the owners. Since the owner is a not-for-profit dedicated to long-term ownership and serving households with very-low and low-incomes, the costs savings will ultimately benefit current and future residents as the dollars saved will either be realized directly by the resident or be invested in the project. Technically, the design of these systems is easily understood and the principles could be applied to other projects. The incremental costs depend largely on the existing market rate of the components-none of which are considered "cutting edge" so a market does currently exist.

Tom, Vincent; DeRobbio, Wendy; Hall, Linda

2012-04-30

263

WA DEPARTMENT OF FISH & WILDLIFE PRIORITY HABITATS AND SPECIES  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a database that is being developed from a wildlife inventory program in progress at WDF&W. It consists of polygons or points that describe the limiting habitats of priority species, and priority habitats. The database currently covers state & private forest lands, and u...

264

Muhammad Quraish Shihab wa ?r?’uhu al-Fiqhiyyah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Qur'an is believed by Muslims as the most important source of Islamic teachings. Legal matters (ahkam,which are part of (or earn the most important aspect of Islam, must also be one of the concerns of the Qur'an. But does it mean that a mufassir (exegete, since he also has the deal with the legal verses, is automatically a legal expert? In order to answer that question, the writer of this article justifiably did two of the following steps. First, he chose a mufassir as d case study; second, be decided to put forward a set of legal issues and to see that the chosen mufassir had to say about them. The mufassir that he chose is Quraish Shihab, one of Indonesian scholars who was a director of IAIN Jakarta. As for the legal problems, the writer chose to discuss the follouring: qat'iy-zhanniy (absolute-relative [meaning of the Qur'anic verses], naskh-mansukh (the abrogating-abrogated verses, and the role of the prophetic tradition vis-a-vis the Qur'an.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v6i2.734 

Fathurrahman Jamil

2014-03-01

265

SEDIMENT DATA - ST. PAUL WATERWAY - TACOMA, WA - 1996 MONITORING DATA  

Science.gov (United States)

Benthic Infauna Monitoring Data Files are Excel-format spreadsheet files which contain data presented in the St. Paul Waterway Area Remedial Action and Habitat Restoration Project, 1996 Monitoring Report. The files can be viewed directly or readily downlo aded and read into most ...

266

Geological Structures in the WaIls of Vestan Craters  

Science.gov (United States)

A compelling case can be made that Vesta is the parent asteroid for the howardite, eucrite and diogenite (HED) meteorites [1], although this interpretation has been questioned [2]. Generalized models for the structure of the crust of Vesta have been developed based on petrologic studies of basaltic eucrites, cumulate eucrites and diogenites. These models use inferred cooling rates for different types of HEDs and compositional variations within the clan to posit that the lower crust is dominantly diogenitic in character, cumulate eucrites occur deep in the upper crust, and basaltic eucrites dominate the higher levels of the upper crust [3-5]. These models lack fine-scale resolution and thus do not allow for detailed predictions of crustal structure. Geophysical models predict dike and sill intrusions ought to be present, but their widths may be quite small [6]. The northern hemisphere of Vesta is heavily cratered, and the southern hemisphere is dominated by two 400-500 km diameter basins that excavated deep into the crust [7-8]. Physical modeling of regolith formation on 300 km diameter asteroids predicts that debris layers would reach a few km in thickness, while on asteroids of Vesta's diameter regolith thicknesses would be less [9]. This agrees well with the estimated =1 km thickness of local debris excavated by a 45 km diameter vestan crater [10]. Large craters and basins may have punched through the regolith/megaregolith and exposed primary vestan crustal structures. We will use Dawn Framing Camera (FC) [11] images and color ratio maps from the High Altitude and Low Altitude Mapping Orbits (HAMO, 65 m/pixel; LAMO, 20 m/pixel) to evaluate structures exposed on the walls of craters: two examples are discussed here.

Mittlefehldt, David; Nathues, A.; Beck, A. W.; Hoffmann, M.; Schaefer, M.; Williams, D. A.

2014-01-01

267

SULFUR DIOXIDE SOURCES IN CLASS I WILDERNESS AREAS, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

This map shows industrial plants which emit sulfur dioxide (SO2) in the state of Washington. Different plot symbols are used for sources which emit less than 100 tons/year, between 100 and 1000 tons/year, and over 1000 tons/year of SO2. The SO2 sources are plotted on a background...

268

SULFUR DIOXIDE SOURCES IN WA, OR, AND ID  

Science.gov (United States)

This map shows industrial plants which emit 100 tons/year or more of sulfur dioxide (SO2) in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. The SO2 sources are plotted on a background map of cities and county boundaries. Data Sources: SO2 Sites: U.S. EPA AIRS System, County Outlines: USGS, Nat...

269

Limits on beauty meson production from the WA11 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

?- N interactions at 190 GeV/c have been observed in a large acceptance spectrometer triggered by J/PSI ? ?+?-. From a sample of 380000 PSI with associated hadrons, we give limits on cross sections times branching ratios ? (?- N ? B antiB) . Br(B ? PSIX)

270

76 FR 22033 - National Maritime Week Tugboat Races, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...USCG-2011-0258] National Maritime Week Tugboat Races, Seattle...Regulation for the annual National Maritime Week Tugboat Races in Elliott...Regulation for the annual National Maritime Week Tugboat Races, Seattle...found in the April 27, 1996 issue of the Federal Register...

2011-04-20

271

75 FR 24400 - National Maritime Week Tugboat Races, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...USCG-2010-0188] National Maritime Week Tugboat Races, Seattle...Regulation for the annual National Maritime Week Tugboat Races in Elliott...Regulation for the annual National Maritime Week Tugboat Races, Seattle...found in the April 17, 1996 issue of the Federal Register...

2010-05-05

272

77 FR 23120 - National Maritime Week Tugboat Races, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...USCG-2011-0258] National Maritime Week Tugboat Races, Seattle...Regulation for the annual National Maritime Week Tugboat Races in Elliott...Regulation for the annual National Maritime Week Tugboat Races, Seattle...found in the April 27, 1996 issue of the Federal Register...

2012-04-18

273

A thick homogeneous vegetated cover design proves cost - and schedule-effective for the reclamation of uranium mills sites near Spokane, Washington  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Washington State Department of Health (WDOH) has licensed two medium sized uranium mills with tailings impoundments covering 28 and 40 hectares (70 and 100 acres), respectively, The uranium mill licensees have submitted closure and reclamation plans to the state, and site-specific conditions have determined the closure design features, Conventional uranium mill cover designs usually incorporate an overall cap of one to three meters, which includes a low-permeability clay barrier layer. A technical evaluation of several uranium mill facilities that used this design was published in the fall of 1994 and reported that unexpected vegetation root damage had occurred in the low-permeability clay (or bentonite amended) barrier layers. The technical report suggested that the low-permeability design feature at some sites could be compromised within a very short time and the regulatory goal of 1,000 years performance might not be achieved. In October 1994, WDOH sponsored a technical forum meeting to consider design alternatives to address these reliability concerns. Representatives from the federal government, nuclear industry, licensees, engineering firms, and state regulatory agencies attended the workshop. Risk factors considered in the evaluation of the uranium mill reclamation plans include: (1) radon gas emanation through the cover (the air pathway), and (2) migration of hazardous and/or radioactive constituents (the groundwater pathway). Additional design consideratier pathway). Additional design considerations include site structural stability, longevity of 1,000 years, and no active (ongoing) maintenance. 9 refs

274

A thick homogeneous vegetated cover design proves cost - and schedule-effective for the reclamation of uranium mills sites near Spokane, Washington  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Washington State Department of Health (WDOH) has licensed two medium sized uranium mills with tailings impoundments covering 28 and 40 hectares (70 and 100 acres), respectively, The uranium mill licensees have submitted closure and reclamation plans to the state, and site-specific conditions have determined the closure design features, Conventional uranium mill cover designs usually incorporate an overall cap of one to three meters, which includes a low-permeability clay barrier layer. A technical evaluation of several uranium mill facilities that used this design was published in the fall of 1994 and reported that unexpected vegetation root damage had occurred in the low-permeability clay (or bentonite amended) barrier layers. The technical report suggested that the low-permeability design feature at some sites could be compromised within a very short time and the regulatory goal of 1,000 years performance might not be achieved. In October 1994, WDOH sponsored a technical forum meeting to consider design alternatives to address these reliability concerns. Representatives from the federal government, nuclear industry, licensees, engineering firms, and state regulatory agencies attended the workshop. Risk factors considered in the evaluation of the uranium mill reclamation plans include: (1) radon gas emanation through the cover (the air pathway), and (2) migration of hazardous and/or radioactive constituents (the groundwater pathway). Additional design considerations include site structural stability, longevity of 1,000 years, and no active (ongoing) maintenance. 9 refs.

Blacklaw, J.; Robertson, G.; Stoffel, D.; Ahmad, J.; Fordham, E. [Washington State Dept. of Health, Olympia, WA (United States)] [and others

1997-08-01

275

Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial fish assemblages and native fish in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. In 1999, 2000, and 2001 the project began addressing some of the identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Department of Natural Resources, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Department of Natural Resources, Wellpinit, WA)

2003-09-01

276

Association between Depressive Symptoms and Metabolic Syndrome in Police Officers: Results from Two Cross-Sectional Studies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Policing is one of the most dangerous and stressful occupations and such stress can have deleterious effects on health. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome (Met Syn) in male and female police officers from two study populations, Buffalo, NY and Spokane, WA. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale. Met Syn was defined using the 2005 AHA/NHBLI guidelines. Analysis of covariance was used to describe differences in number of Met Syn components across depressive symptom categories. The number of Met Syn components increased significantly across categories of CES-D for Spokane men only (p-trend = 0.003). For each 5-unit increase in CES-D score, odds increased by 47.6% for having hypertriglyceridemia, by 51.8% for having hypertension, and by 56.7% for having glucose intolerance. Exploring this association is important since both are predictors of future chronic health problems and the results could be helpful in developing future gender-specific prevention and intervention efforts among police officers

277

Zonolite attic insulation exposure studies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Several studies were designed and conducted to evaluate amphibole asbestos exposures in homes containing Zonolite (expanded vermiculite) attic insulation (ZAI). A range of tasks selected for evaluation included cleaning, working around, moving, and removal of ZAI in attics and living spaces. The fieldwork for these studies was conducted at two homes in Spokane, WA and one home in Silver Spring, MD. Personal and area air samples were collected and analyzed as part of the exposure studies. Surface dust samples and bulk samples were also collected and analyzed. The results demonstrated that airborne concentrations of amphibole asbestos were not elevated if the material is undisturbed. The results also demonstrated that cleaning, remodeling, and other activities did produce significant concentrations of airborne amphibole asbestos when the ZAI was disturbed. PMID:20662420

Ewing, William M; Hays, Steve M; Hatfield, Richard; Longo, William E; Millette, James R

2010-01-01

278

Hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the midnite mine, northeastern Washington. Report of investigations/1994  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Midnite Mine is an inactive, hardrock uranium mine on the Spokane Indian Reservation, Stevens County, WA. Oxidation of sulfide-containing minerals, primarily pyrite, in the ore body produces large quantities of acidic water. An interception system installed by the mining company limits the discharge of contaminated water from the mine. The Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Bureau of Land Management have been actively involved in planning remediation of the disturbed areas. To assist in remediation, the U.S. Bureau of Mines initiated research to determine water quality and define groundwater flow characteristics. Bureau personnel designed a monitoring network, supervised installation of sampling wells, and collected and analyzed water samples. This Report of Investigations describes interpretation of data collected between December 1989 to April 1992

279

The impacts of balanced and exhaust mechanical ventilation on indoor radon  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Models for estimating radon entry rates, indoor radon concentrations, and ventilation rates in houses with a basement or a vented crawl-space and ventilated by natural infiltration, mechanical exhaust ventilation, or balanced mechanical ventilation are described. Simulations are performed for a range of soil and housing characteristics using hourly weather data for the heating season in Spokane, WA. For a house with a basement, we show that any ventilation technique should be acceptable when the soil permeability is less than approximately 10-12m2. However, exhaust ventilation leads to substantially higher indoor radon concentrations than infiltration or balanced ventilation with the same average air exchange rate when the soil permeability is 10-10m2 or greater. For houses with a crawl-space, indoor radon concentrations are lowest with balanced ventilation, intermediate with exhaust ventilation, and highest with infiltration

280

Advances in the treatment of Raynaud’s phenomenon  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Terri L LevienDrug Information Pharmacist and Clinical Associate Professor, College of Pharmacy, Washington State University Spokane, WA, USAAbstract: Raynaud’s phenomenon is a common condition characterized by vasospasm of the digital arteries and resulting cyanosis and redness. It often does not require pharmacologic management, but in some cases symptoms are severe and pharmacologic management is necessary. Calcium channel blockers are often used first-line, but in some patients are ineffective. Patients with severe symptoms or intolerance to available therapies have prompted exploration of alternative therapies, including endothelin antagonists, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors, antioxidants, newer vasodilators, statins, and botulinum toxin. These newer therapies provide the focus for this review.Keywords: Raynaud, iloprost, bosentan, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors

Terri L Levien

2010-03-01

 
 
 
 
281

Mass and magnetic moments of the heavy flavored baryons with J=3/2 in light cone QCD sum rules  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Inspired by the results of recent experimental discoveries for charm and bottom baryons, the masses and magnetic moments of the heavy baryons with JP=3/2+ containing a single heavy quark are studied within light cone QCD sum rules method. Our results on the masses of heavy baryons are in good agreement with predictions of other approaches, as well as with the existing experimental values. Our predictions on the masses of the states, which are not yet discovered in the experiments, can be tested in the future experiments. A comparison of our results on the magnetic moments of these baryons and the hyper central model predictions is presented

282

8 CFR 100.4 - Field offices.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Winslow, WA) Sumas, WA Tacoma, WA (the port of Tacoma includes, among others, the port facilities at Dupont, WA) Vancouver, WA Yakima, WA Class B Nighthawk, WA District No. 13—San Francisco, California Class A San...

2010-01-01

283

Al-??jj ‘Umar Sa‘?d Shukr? Am?n?t?: ?ay?tu wa Kif?huh wa Afk?ruh  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available HOS Tjokroaminoto, to this day, tends to be considered as a Sarekat Islam (Islam Union important figure only, whereas he was one of the actors who contributed to the formation of Indonesian modern history.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v4i4.768

Agus Salim Daulay

2014-03-01

284

40 CFR Appendix B to Part 300 - National Priorities List  

Science.gov (United States)

... AberdeenNCGeneral Electric Co/Shepherd Farm East Flat...Tri-Cities Barrel Co., IncPort Crane NYVestal Water Supply...Vancouver WAGeneral Electric Co. (Spokane Shop)Spokane...Area) JolietILSangamo Electric/Crab Orchard NWR...

2010-07-01

285

40 CFR Appendix to Subpart M of... - Alphabetical Listing of Tribes and Corresponding Sections  

Science.gov (United States)

...10761 to 49.10790 Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation, Washington §§ 49.10821 to 49.10850 Squaxin Island Tribe of the Squaxin Island Reservation, Washington §§ 49.10851 to 49.10880 Stillaguamish Tribe of...

2010-07-01

286

40 CFR 49.10830 - Federally-promulgated regulations and Federal implementation plans.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Plan for the Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation, Washington § 49.10830 Federally-promulgated...the implementation plan for the Spokane Reservation: (a) Section 49.123General provisions... (k) Section 49.139Rule for non-Title V operating...

2010-07-01

287

78 FR 40819 - Washington Disaster # WA-00038 Declaration of Economic Injury  

Science.gov (United States)

...Submit completed loan applications to: U.S. Small Business Administration, Processing and Disbursement Center, 14925 Kingsport Road, Fort Worth, TX 76155. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: A. Escobar, Office of Disaster Assistance, U.S....

2013-07-08

288

A proportional chamber recoil detector for the elastic polarization experiment WA6 at the SPS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A set of proportional wire chambers is used in an elastic scattering experiment to measure direction and momentum of recoil particles using the magnetic field of a polarized target assembly. This recoil spectrometer has been operated satisfactorily at high rates and it has been implemented in a fast decision system to improve the trigger selection. Construction criteria and performances of this detector are discussed. (Auth.)

289

75 FR 32855 - Safety Zone; Pierce County, WA, Department of Emergency Management, Regional Water Exercise  

Science.gov (United States)

...Emergency Management, Regional Water Exercise AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION...is sponsoring a Regional Water Rescue Exercise in the waters of East Passage near Browns...from passing within 900 yards of the exercise area, and restricting deep draft...

2010-06-10

290

Helium surveys of the Manyingee and Bennett Well uranium deposits, W.A  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A survey of the He content of overburden gas and groundwater, which may be a pathfinder for U, was conducted in the area of the Manyingee and Bennett Well U deposits, two deeply buried roll front type deposits. At both deposits, mineralization occurs in a lower confined aquifer. He in overburden gas, sampled at 6m depth, does not distinguish mineralized from unmineralized areas. High groundwater He concentrations downdrainage of the Manyingee deposits may originate from U and Th in the granitoid basement or be a remnant of a dispersion halo in the lower aquifer that has been diluted around the deposits by the influx of 'fresh' groundwater following leakage of the lower aquifer groundwater up the drill holes

291

T?rikh al-Ma’had al-Tur?th? wa Thaqaf?tuhu  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Within the Indonesian context, the history of pesantren cannot be alienated from that of Walisongo (The Nine Saint, who were said to be responsible for the spread of Islam in Java in the 16th-17th centuries. Maulana Malik Ibrahim (died 1419, the "spiritual father" of the Walisongo, is usually considered by the santri comntunity in Java to be "the teacher of the teachers" of the pesantren tradition. Some of the well-known pesantrens in Java, claim that they received their inspiration from the dakwah (ie.Islamic propagation of Maulana Malik lbrahim. Moreover, oral histories indicate that old and influential pesantrens outside of Java -such as Nahdlatul Watan, established in 1934 in East Lombok NTB and now home for about 10,000 santris scattered throughout its branches- also had Inspiration from the Walisongo teaching. This, in turn, has made Maulana Malik lbrahirn as the father of the Walisongo even more well-know.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v7i1.718

Abdurrahman Mas'ud

2014-03-01

292

77 FR 33307 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...maintenance of the King County Metro Trolley system. The scheduled...the closed position. King County Metro Transit will be replacing the electrical...electrical switches for the Metro Trolley system. King County will have electrical...

2012-06-06

293

Preliminary Corrected Peak Ground Acceleration and Velocity Values for February 28, 2001, Nisqually, WA Earthquake  

Science.gov (United States)

The US Geological Survey offers data on peak ground acceleration and velocity. Collected during the recent Seattle earthquake, the data describe ground movements in multiple locations near the earthquake area.

2001-01-01

294

78 FR 50094 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Maxey Museum, Walla Walla, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...American, as well as the cultural affiliation of those...tooth wear from eating foods that have been ground...tools or from eating foods that have been gritted...strengthened existing cultural affiliation between the...relationship of shared group identity that can be...

2013-08-16

295

77 FR 23507 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...SUMMARY: The Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University has...human remains may contact the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University....

2012-04-19

296

76 FR 28073 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...possession and control of the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...human remains was made by the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University...

2011-05-13

297

76 FR 9047 - Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...S' and Bachelor Island units to provide...mallards, great blue herons, and red-tailed...and western pond turtle, and inventory and...acres of Bachelor Island would be opened to...disturbance to a great blue heron nesting colony...and western pond turtle, and inventory...

2011-02-16

298

Stable isotope analysis of dissolved carbon species of Hot Lake, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Hot Lake is a hypersaline, meromictic lake in north-central Washington. The lake is epsomitic, with seasonably-variable salinity (.2 to 2 M magnesium sulfate) and produces carbonates and salt precipitates. The maximum depth of the lake is around 2.5 m, and below a thermocline there is intense solar heat retention in the monolimnion, often exceeding 50°C. Despite these extreme and variable conditions, a microbial mat of up to 1.5 cm thick thrives annually in Hot Lake. The mat is widespread throughout the lake at water depths (during our experiments) ranging from 60cm-140cm. It is comprised of a variety of cyanobacteria along with other autotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria. These populations are visibly stratified with four consistent laminae displaying differences in bacterial pigmentation. Many of the layers contain carbonate species, but the full relationship between the mat and the carbonate crystallization is not known. We are studying the microbial interactions and carbon cycling of the mat communities, using stable isotope analysis of the mat and the lake water, both in situ and ex situ. We are exploring the incorporation and movement of carbon in the mat, spatially and temporally, to understand the fixation mechanisms and metabolic processes at play in this environment. This was done primarily using stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry. The focus of this work is on the study and measurement of dissolved organic and inorganic carbon using a GasBench and IRMS setup, following methods adapted from Lang et al. (2012). To account for the unique chemistry of Hot Lake, trials on the effects of oxidation conditions and salinity were done on lab-synthesized samples to compare to Hot Lake results. The majority of lake water analyses were done in conjunction with a stable isotope probing (SIP) experiment, completed during two 24-hour periods at Hot Lake in June and July of 2013. The SIP experiments included ex situ incubations (in separate glass containers on the shore of the lake immediately after removal from the lake) under various conditions (with labeled and unlabeled substrate, in the presence and absence of daylight, with and without undermat sediment) performed as both constant labeling and pulse-chase experiments. We incubated mat sections in lake water (from equivalent depth to the collected mat) spiked either with 13C-labeled or natural abundance organic (acetate or glucose) or inorganic (bicarbonate) substrates. For those conditions in which inorganic carbon was added, we measured the DOC of the water in each condition to measure conversion from DIC to DOC and vice versa for consumption/conversion of DOC to DIC. By comparing the GasBench DIC/DOC results of these various conditions over the course of the experiments, we assessed carbon flow into and out of the mat around a daily cycle. The assessments were made using the ?13C values and data of the lake water samples from the IRMS in conjunction with bulk mat isotope values. Our data show significant interactions between DIC and DOC pools and allow us to estimate the daily balance between carbon fixation and remineralization mediated by the microbial mat.

Courtney, S.; Moran, J.; Cory, A. B.; Lindemann, S. R.; Fredrickson, J.

2013-12-01

299

75 FR 41883 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...points, 2 scrapers, 1 bone scraper handle, 1 lot of mussel shells, 1 lot of red ochre, 2 bone awls, 1 lot of charcoal, 1 pestle, 2 lots of cedar wood fragments, 3 lots of shell beads, 1 stone bead necklace, 2 bifaces, 5 lots of bag residue, 4...

2010-07-19

300

76 FR 28076 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...points, 2 scrapers, 1 bone scraper handle, 1 lot of mussel shells, 1 lot of red ochre, 2 bone awls, 1 lot of charcoal, 1 pestle, 2 lots of cedar wood fragments, 3 lots of shell beads, 1 stone bead necklace, 2 bifaces, 5 lots of bag residue, 4...

2011-05-13

 
 
 
 
301

Results of the WA4 photoproduction experiment at the CERN SPS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The results of an experiment using a 20-70 GeV tagged photon beam in the CERN Omega spectrometer are presented. Evidence is given for associated C anti-D production and observation of F+- production. The study of exclusive channels contributes to the spectroscopy of vector mesons

302

What are business models for system LSIs in future?; System LSI no business model wa donaruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

With the advancement of the semiconductor microprocessing technology, it has become possible that the number of transistors capable of being integrated in one chip will increase from tens of millions to hundreds of millions, and that system LSIs in each of which the whole system is integrated will become a main product among semiconductor products. It is expected that the applications in the system LSI age are not only computing, communication, electric appliances and machine-incorporated products, which are conventional applications, but also various kinds of applications including electronic money and social basic systems. There are many technical problems to be solved for attaining such system LSIs. In this paper, a semiconductor business model in the system LSI age and system LSI architecture are studied. First, the change in system forming mode and LSI configuring method are described, and then the multipurpose usability, exclusive usability, standardizability and performance-improvability of multipurpose system LSI architecture. 5 refs., 2 figs.

Murakami, K. [Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan)

1998-08-20

303

76 FR 1384 - Special Local Regulation; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...information that may lead to the discovery of a significant environmental...the width of the navigation channel south of a line connecting...northernmost end of the navigation channel at a line connecting the following...entrance of the navigation channel at a line connecting the...

2011-01-10

304

Mechanism of Al-Wa’Ad (Promise): Teory and Application in Islamic Banking in Malaysia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Contract according to Syariah Law can be defined as being “an expression of the matching between a positive proposal made by one of the contractors and the acceptance of the other contractor in a way which has an impact on the subject of the contract” . There are standard requirements provides by the law in order to constitute a valid binding contract namely offer, acceptance, consideration, and intention to create legal relation. This requirement is more or less the same ...

Nor Adila bt. Mohd Noor; Aripin, Mohd Ashraf B.

2010-01-01

305

Syed Abdul Malik: Hayatuhu wa A’amaluhu Syed Abdul Malik: His Life and Works  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Syed Abdul Malik (1919-2000 was an uncrowned emperor of Assamese literature. He started his literary career in the early forties and enriched Assamese literature with short stories, novels, poetry and other writings spanning over five decades. In terms of statistics of fictional work, Syed Abdul Malik was unrivalled. No other writer has contributed so extensively towards the growth of Assamese literature as he did. Malik’s contribution to Assamese literature, particularly in the sphere of novel and short story, is indeed noteworthy. He is a distinguished writer among the fiction writes of the pre as well as post world war period who have successfully depicted the problems of man and the society.

Mahbubur Rahman

2013-10-01

306

76 FR 73666 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Service [2253-665] Notice of Inventory Completion: Paul H. Karshner...Memorial Museum has completed an inventory of human remains in consultation...of the completion of an inventory of human remains in the possession...Federally recognized Indian groups: The Aleut...

2011-11-29

307

77 FR 2992 - Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and Grant Counties, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation...  

Science.gov (United States)

...FWS-R1-R-2009-N231; 1265-0000-10137-S3] Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and...for the environmental assessment for Columbia National Wildlife Refuge (NWR/refuge...the document(s) at www.fws.gov/columbia/management.html. Email:...

2012-01-20

308

Numerical Simulation of Admiralty Inlet, WA, with Tidal Hydrokinetic Turbine Siting Application  

Science.gov (United States)

Tidal hydrokinetic energy has been recognized as a potential source of sustainable, renewable energy. In order to properly site turbines for commercial-scale development, the complex flow conditions in a potential deployment region must be understood. Viable locations for turbines are limited by many factors, including underwater space that is above the bottom boundary layer, below shipping traffic, within areas of strong currents, and yet avoids additional fatiguing stresses. The primary area of interest in the Puget Sound for commercial tidal energy development is Admiralty Inlet, which includes potentially disruptive flow features such as vortices and strong turbulence. This dissertation seeks to increase the body of knowledge of these features both from an oceanographic perspective and as they pertain to turbine site characterization. The primary means of studying Admiralty Inlet in this document is through numerical simulation of the region using the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). The model output is found to compare well with field data, capturing eddy fields, turbulence properties, relative tidal phases, and illuminating many flow features. Horizontal velocities in the simulation are, on average, approximately 75% the size of those found in the data. This speed deficiency is inherited from the forcing model in which the Admiralty Inlet simulation is nested. The model output also shows that the flow field of this fjord-like estuary is largely affected by a headland on the northeast side of the Inlet. Vortices generated by this headland, Admiralty Head, are found to vary considerably depending on the tidal cycle. The eddies can persist beyond the half-cycle of generation to significantly affect the horizontal speed and other flow field properties in the subsequent half-cycle. Detailed analysis of the vertical vorticity governing equation shows that advection, tilting, stretching, and boundary generation are the most significant processes dictating the behavior of the vorticity. Turbulence modeling in the simulation is carried out via a k-epsilon turbulence closure scheme. Comparisons of model output with high resolution field data show the model to perform reasonably well: predicted Reynolds stress and turbulent dissipation rate values are usually within a factor of two of the field data. The turbulent kinetic energy from the simulation compares well with field data that is restricted to the frequency range of classical turbulence. The energy density spectrum of the data is found to follow Kolmogorov's theory beyond the inertial subrange. Using this fact and Taylor's frozen field approximation, an inferred calculation for the turbulent kinetic energy is derived that spans the full frequency range of the data set. The output from the inferred calculation compares well with the full turbulent kinetic energy from the field data. Maps of metrics for tidal turbine siting are generated that address many considerations for turbine placement, and can be adjusted for the model's speed deficiency with a simple multiplication factor. Among the possible best locations for turbine deployment are north of Point Wilson on the west side of Admiralty Inlet and near the center of the channel between Point Wilson and Admiralty Head. These locations have a strong tidal resource available along with highly bi-directional tidal currents and low turbulence levels.

Thyng, Kristen M.

309

View of the WA3 set-up from upstream the beam entering the hydrogen target.  

CERN Multimedia

The Amsterdam-CERN-Cracow-Munich-Oxford-Rutherford (ACCMOR)Collaboration set-up this experiment in the H1 beam of West Hall to study a variety of exclusive hadron reactions over a wide kinematic range up to 100 GeV/c incident momentum.

1977-01-01

310

Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YCL019W, YDR261W-A [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database  

Full Text Available YCL019W - Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol genes; transcribed/translated ... as one unit; polypro ... ansposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol; translated ... as TYA or TYA-TYB polyprotein; Gag is a nucleocaps ... otransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol genes; transcribed/translated ... as one unit; polyprotein is processed to make a nu ... ansposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol; translated ... as TYA or TYA-TYB polyprotein; Gag is a nucleocaps ...

311

Decontamination and decommissioning assessment for the Waste Incineration Facility (Building 232-Z) Hanford Site, [Hanford], WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Building 232-Z is an element of the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. From 1961 until 1972, plutonium-bearing combustible materials were incinerated in the building. Between 1972 and 1983, following shutdown of the incinerator, the facility was used for waste segregation activities. The facility was placed in retired inactive status in 1984 and classified as a Limited Control Facility pursuant to DOE Order 5480.5, Safety of Nuclear Facilities, and 6430.1A, General Design Criteria. The current plutonium inventory within the building is estimated to be approximately 848 grams, the majority of which is retained within the process hood ventilation system. As a contaminated retired facility, Building 232-Z is included in the DOE Surplus Facility Management Program. The objective of this Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) assessment is to remove Building 232-Z, thereby elmininating the radiological and environmental hazards associated with the plutonium inventory within the structure. The steps to accomplish the plan objectives are: (1) identifying the locations of the most significant amounts of plutonium, (2) removing residual plutonium, (3) removing and decontaminating remaining building equipment, (4) dismantling the remaining structure, and (5) closing out the project.

Dean, L.N. [Advanced Sciences, Inc., (United States)

1994-02-01

312

76 FR 73664 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Director, Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology...possession of the Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology...member of the Anthropology faculty at WSU in 1958, discuss the...Made by the Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology...

2011-11-29

313

Luba folklore and women's ethno-gendered discourse of wifehoodin “Cintu Wa Bujitu”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper investigates Lubà-kasààyi folklore, particularly a folk song, in order to reveal an ethno-gendered construction of wifehood. It aims to show girls’ socialization into a sexist and patriarchal discourse and how such a practice ideologically initiates them into their future subservient role of caterers for the husbands’ alimentation needs. Moreover, folklore seems to perpetuate traditions, and so the gender inequality inscribed within them, a situation that is particularly apparent in villages.

Mulamba, Nshindi-Germain

2013-12-01

314

76 FR 30014 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Port has identified a potential navigation safety problem between spectator craft and...165 Harbors, Marine safety, Navigation (water), Reporting and recordkeeping...follows: PART 165--REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS...

2011-05-24

315

Chemical industry environment reports generation; Kagaku gyokai wa kankyo repoto seisaku ni maemukini  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Environment report, which incorporated the message from the enterprise the resolution of the vague barrel anxiety for worldwide expanding chemical substance, is not easy, and it should become an effective tool the chemical industry coexists with the society. The substantiality of the content of the environment report is hurried up so that environment and safety countermeasure of the chemical industry of Japan may enhance level. (NEDO)

NONE

1999-10-01

316

Hundimiento de las aguas al sur de Cuba / Downwelling wa ters in the south of Cuba  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realizan 23 estaciones oceanográficas a bordo del Buque de Investigaciones Científicas BIC "Ulises" en marzo de 1994 y abril de 1996 en el polígono de estudio situado en los 21°00'-21°30'N y 81°50'-83°00'W al sureste de la Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, con el objetivo de estudiar algunas de las rela [...] ciones hidrofísicas que controlan la dinámica de las larvas de langosta espinosa Panulirus argus en la interfase del talud con el océano. Se analizan el viento, transporte Ekman, turbulencia, profundidad de inicio de la termoclina, temperatura superficial del mar y estabilidad vertical en el hundimiento de las aguas cercanas al talud en los dos cruceros de primavera. El índice de transporte (IT) mostró un movimiento neto hacia la costa, provocando un hundimiento en la zona cercana al talud. El hundimiento produce un efecto de mezcla o falso afloramiento llamado "efecto cascada" que mantiene los nutrientes resuspendidos por un período que varía según la intensidad del viento y las corrientes imperantes en la zona. Este efecto, al parecer, es responsable de la retención larvaria en esta región Abstract in english Take account 23 oceanographic stations on Oceanographic Research Vessel BIC "Ulises" in March 1994 and April 1996 in the study polygon located in the 21°00'-21°30'N and 81°50'-83°00'W in southwest of Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, with the main objective to study hydrophysical relationships that control [...] the dynamics of the Panulirus argus spiny lobster larvae in the boundary shelf. Importance of the wind, Ekman transport, turbulence, depth of the top of the thermocline, sea surface temperature, vertical stability in the convergence or downwelling nearshore waters in this important area of spawns, was demonstrated. Transport Index (IT) showed a net movement toward the coast causing nearshore downwelling. The downwelling produces a mixture effect or false upwelling called also "cascade effect" that maintains nutrients suspended for one period that varies according to the wind intensity and the prevailing currents in the area. This effect apparently, is responsible for the larvae retention in this region

Benigno, Hernández; Roberto, Piñeiro.

317

Improvement of the track reconstruction and topology recognition in the photoproduction experiment WA69  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the framework of the diploma thesis different studies on the program TRIDENT were performed which had the following content. 1) Study of the hitherto treatment of the multiple scattering and introduction of a better estimation of the multiple-scattering errors during the track fit and at the beginning of the vertex fit. 2) Furthermore the possibility was studied to design a software trigger for the preselection of the raw data. 3) As final topic the data processing of the product version of the TRIDENT program at the Bonn University computing center RHRZ has been prepared. For this the read-in routines of the TRIDENT were changed and the program so implemented in a software environment that an effective working can be guaranteed also without access to magnetic tapes and by this the operation conditions of the RHRZ are fulfilled. (orig./HSI)

318

Hundimiento de las aguas al sur de Cuba Downwelling wa ters in the south of Cuba  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se realizan 23 estaciones oceanográficas a bordo del Buque de Investigaciones Científicas BIC "Ulises" en marzo de 1994 y abril de 1996 en el polígono de estudio situado en los 21°00'-21°30'N y 81°50'-83°00'W al sureste de la Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, con el objetivo de estudiar algunas de las relaciones hidrofísicas que controlan la dinámica de las larvas de langosta espinosa Panulirus argus en la interfase del talud con el océano. Se analizan el viento, transporte Ekman, turbulencia, profundidad de inicio de la termoclina, temperatura superficial del mar y estabilidad vertical en el hundimiento de las aguas cercanas al talud en los dos cruceros de primavera. El índice de transporte (IT mostró un movimiento neto hacia la costa, provocando un hundimiento en la zona cercana al talud. El hundimiento produce un efecto de mezcla o falso afloramiento llamado "efecto cascada" que mantiene los nutrientes resuspendidos por un período que varía según la intensidad del viento y las corrientes imperantes en la zona. Este efecto, al parecer, es responsable de la retención larvaria en esta regiónTake account 23 oceanographic stations on Oceanographic Research Vessel BIC "Ulises" in March 1994 and April 1996 in the study polygon located in the 21°00'-21°30'N and 81°50'-83°00'W in southwest of Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, with the main objective to study hydrophysical relationships that control the dynamics of the Panulirus argus spiny lobster larvae in the boundary shelf. Importance of the wind, Ekman transport, turbulence, depth of the top of the thermocline, sea surface temperature, vertical stability in the convergence or downwelling nearshore waters in this important area of spawns, was demonstrated. Transport Index (IT showed a net movement toward the coast causing nearshore downwelling. The downwelling produces a mixture effect or false upwelling called also "cascade effect" that maintains nutrients suspended for one period that varies according to the wind intensity and the prevailing currents in the area. This effect apparently, is responsible for the larvae retention in this region

Benigno Hernández

2003-01-01

319

76 FR 50247 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...forest, and habitat for spawning wild salmon, hundreds of thousands of migrating...host plant that would serve the future reintroduction of the endangered Oregon silverspot...plant on 33 acres, to serve the future reintroduction of the endangered Oregon...

2011-08-12

320

Initial Coastal Morphologic Response to Dam Removal on the Elwha River, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The removal of two dams on the Elwha River is increasing sediment delivery to the nearby coastal ocean. Sediment from the river is discharged into a dynamic coastal environment characterized by strong tidal currents, moderate wave energy, and complex coastal morphology that includes a broad, shallow, coarse-grained submarine delta. We are investigating the initial morphologic response of the submarine delta to increased sediment delivery following the recent removal of the Elwha Dam using a combination of field measurements of morphological change in combination with numerical modeling. Repeat beach topographic and nearshore bathymetric surveys performed before and after the removal of the dam show large areas of accumulation adjacent to the river mouth and to the east in depths between -9 m and 0 m, MLLW. The thickest accumulation (~4 m) was observed directly seaward of the river channel where the steep delta foreshore prograded roughly 40 m over 8 months. The primary sediment deposit covered a total area of 88,000 m2 , with an average thickness of roughly 1 m. The observed morphologic change is compared against model predictions of sediment dispersal and accumulation from a process-based hydrodynamic and sediment transport model, Delft3D. The model is forced with tidal boundary conditions, swell from the Pacific Ocean, and sediment discharge from the Elwha River and simulates the movement of both sand and silt-sized particles. Model simulations are used to evaluate the relative importance of waves, currents, and river flow on the transport of sand and fine-grained sediment on the delta. Initial results suggest that different grain-size classes delivered by the river are preferentially deposited in different areas of the delta and that the model is capable of reproducing the initial patterns of sediment deposition.

Gelfenbaum, G. R.; Stevens, A. W.; Miller, I. M.; Warrick, J. A.

2012-12-01

 
 
 
 
321

Moving a module of the calorimeter for the WA18 experiment  

CERN Document Server

The first of thirteen modules of a marble plate calorimeter en route for the installation in the SPS neutrino beam for an investigation of neutral currents. The experiment was set-up by the CHARM Collaboration (CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome-Moscow)

1977-01-01

322

77 FR 61782 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...served as one of many burial grounds in the area for the Indians. Early explorers Captain Robert Gray (1792), Captain George Vancouver (1792), and Captains Meriwether Lewis and James Clark (1805) documented the lower- river Chinookan...

2012-10-11

323

Decontamination and decommissioning assessment for the Waste Incineration Facility (Building 232-Z) Hanford Site, [Hanford], WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Building 232-Z is an element of the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. From 1961 until 1972, plutonium-bearing combustible materials were incinerated in the building. Between 1972 and 1983, following shutdown of the incinerator, the facility was used for waste segregation activities. The facility was placed in retired inactive status in 1984 and classified as a Limited Control Facility pursuant to DOE Order 5480.5, Safety of Nuclear Facilities, and 6430.1A, General Design Criteria. The current plutonium inventory within the building is estimated to be approximately 848 grams, the majority of which is retained within the process hood ventilation system. As a contaminated retired facility, Building 232-Z is included in the DOE Surplus Facility Management Program. The objective of this Decontamination and Decommissioning (D ampersand D) assessment is to remove Building 232-Z, thereby elmininating the radiological and environmental hazards associated with the plutonium inventory within the structure. The steps to accomplish the plan objectives are: (1) identifying the locations of the most significant amounts of plutonium, (2) removing residual plutonium, (3) removing and decontaminating remaining building equipment, (4) dismantling the remaining structure, and (5) closing out the project

324

78 FR 44593 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...evidence suggests Native American groups, specifically the Lummi people, occupied Sucia Island prior to European contact (Amos 1978; McDonald 1990; Stern 1934, Stolpe 1972, Suttles 1951, 1954, 1990). The Lummi Tribal Historic Preservation...

2013-07-24

325

77 FR 50419 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...airtraffic/air_traffic/publications...Administration, Air Traffic Organization...mailing list for future NPRMs should contact...Rulemaking Distribution System, which describes...will only affect air traffic procedures and air navigation, it is...

2012-08-21

326

76 FR 79137 - Proposed Establishment of Area Navigation (RNAV) Routes; Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...enhance en route navigation within the National Airspace System (NAS). DATES...airtraffic/air_traffic/publications...mailing list for future NPRMs should contact...Rulemaking Distribution System, which describes...enhance en route navigation for users, and...will only affect air traffic...

2011-12-21

327

75 FR 53195 - Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...States Coast Guard Sector Puget Sound Joint Harbor Operations Center at 206-217-6001. Dated: August 18, 2010. S.W. Bornemann, Captain, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port, Puget Sound. [FR Doc. 2010-21615 Filed 8-30-10; 8:45...

2010-08-31

328

75 FR 53572 - Safety Zone; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Puget Sound Joint Harbor Operations Center (JHOC) via telephone at 206-217-6002. Dated: August 17, 2010. S.W. Bornemann, Captain, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port, Puget Sound. [FR Doc. 2010-21779 Filed 8-31-10; 8:45...

2010-09-01

329

WaND Briefing Note 28 Revised Options for UK Domestic Water Reduction - A Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Demand pressure on UK water supplies is expected to increase in the next 20 years driven by increasing population, new housing development and reducing household size. Regionally and at town level migration will also affect demand particularly in the South-East which is forecast to have a larger than average growth in population and house building. The water demand moderating trends that are considered to have the greatest effect on UK consumption, in approximate order, are: 1. Meter...

Sim, P.; Mcdonald, A.; Parsons, J.; Rees, P.

2007-01-01

330

77 FR 37600 - Safety Zone; Arctic Drilling and Support Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...NORDICA, FENNICA, TOISA DAUNTLESS, TOR VIKING II, HARVEY EXPLORER, HARVEY SPIRIT...NORDICA, FENNICA, TOISA DAUNTLESS, TOR VIKING II, HARVEY EXPLORER, HARVEY SPIRIT...NORDICA, FENNICA, TOISA DAUNTLESS, TOR VIKING II, HARVEY EXPLORER, HARVEY...

2012-06-22

331

77 FR 44475 - Security Zones; Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...participating vessels are: the HMCS NANAIMO (NCSM 702), the HMCS EDMONTON (NCSM 703), the HMCS ORIOLE, and the USCGC STRATTON (WMSL...waters within 500 yards of the HMCS NANAIMO (NCSM 702), HMCS EDMONTON (NCSM 703), HMCS ORIOLE, and the USCGC STRATTON...

2012-07-30

332

Life Skills Manual = Les Practiques d'une Vie Saine = Mwongozo wa Stadi za Maisha.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Peace Corps Information Collection and Exchange makes available its information resources to other organizations. This document, made available in English, French, and Swahili, is one such resource. The focus of this document is a comprehensive behavior change approach that concentrates on the development of skills needed for life, such as…

Callahan, Kathleen

333

GigaWaM—Next-Generation WDM-PON Enabling Gigabit Per-User Data Bandwidth  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The “Gigabit access passive optical network using wavelength division multiplexing” project aims to implement 64-Gb/s data transmission over 20-km single-mode fiber. Per-user symmetric data rates of 1-Gb/s will be achieved using wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) architecture with a 1:64 user split per PON segment. Enabling technologies being developed within the scope of the project include tunable transceivers and athermal 50-GHz array waveguide grating multiplexer devices. The future-proof WDM architecture will enable convergence triple-play (telephony, TV, and broadband internet) service over existing optical infrastructure, and also facilitate cost-effective dense wavelength division multiplexing for metro aggregation and mobile backhaul networks.

Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood; Rodes Lopez, Roberto

2012-01-01

334

Bia?ko C-reaktywne – wa?ny marker ryzyka kr??eniowego: nowe fakty  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available W trakcie ostatnich lat jest obserwowany wyra?ny post?p w dziedzinie diagnostyki kardiologicznej oraz stratyfikacji ryzyka kr??eniowego. Sta?o si? to mo?liwe dzi?ki zastosowaniu nowoczesnych metod biochemicznych i immunologicznych. Szczególn? rol? przypisuje si? ostatnio markerom procesu zapalnego, a w?ród nich – ?atwo dost?pnemu oznaczeniu bia?ka C-reaktywnego. Poni?sza praca stanowi przegl?d najnowszych doniesie? na ten temat.

Katarzyna Ko?odziej

2004-06-01

335

Supplemental groundwater remediation technologies to protect the Columbia River at Hanford, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nine projects have been recently selected by the US Department of Energy (EM-22) to address groundwater contaminant migration at the Hanford Site. This paper summarizes the background and objectives of these projects. Five of the selected projects are targeted at hexavalent chromium contamination in Hanford 100 Area groundwater. These projects represent an integrated approach towards identifying the source of hexavalent chromium contamination in the Hanford 100-D Area and treating the groundwater contamination. Currently, there is no effective method to stop strontium-90 associated with the riparian zone sediments from leaching into the river. Phyto-remediation may be a possible way to treat this contamination. Its use at the 100-N Area will be investigated. Another technology currently being tested for strontium-90 contamination at the 100-N Area involves injection (through wells) of a calcium-citrate-phosphate solution, which will precipitate apatite, a natural calcium phosphate mineral. Apatite will adsorb the strontium-90, and then incorporate it as part of the apatite structure, isolating the strontium-90 contamination from entering the river. This EM-22 funded apatite project will develop a strategy for infiltrating the apatite solution from ground surface or a shallow trench to provide treatment over the upper portion of the contaminated zone, which is unsaturated during low river stage. Uranium in groundwater at the Hanford 300 Area is another environmental concern. Preliminary laboratory tests indicate that it may be possible to inject water-soluble phosphate compounds into the uranium contamination to stabilize it. One of the projects will perform laboratory tests using long-chain polyphosphate materials. Then, a field test will be conducted to determine if it is possible to treat groundwater in the unconfined aquifer at the Hanford 300 Area using polyphosphate materials. The rates of abiotic hydrolysis of are key parameters needed to predict the movement of carbon tetrachloride and one of its reductive degradation products, chloroform, from the Hanford 200 West Area towards the Columbia River. Current values for these rates have high uncertainty associated with them because they are extrapolated from determinations made at high temperatures (>70 deg. C) to ambient groundwater temperatures (?19 deg. C) and have ignored possible contributions from sorptive interactions with sediments. One of the EM-22 projects will improve this situation by measuring the hydrolysis rates at temperatures down to 20 deg. C and in contact with various sediment solids. (authors)

336

Bird Activity Analysis Using Avian Radar Information in Naval Air Station airport, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The number of bird strikes on aircraft has increased sharply over recent years and airport bird hazard management has gained increasing attention in wildlife management and control. Evaluation of bird activity near airport is very critical to analyze the hazard of bird strikes. Traditional methods for bird activity analysis using visual counting provide a direct approach to bird hazard assessment. However this approach is limited to daylight and good visual conditions. Radar has been proven to be a useful and effective tool for bird detection and movement analysis. Radar eliminates observation bias and supports consistent data collection for bird activity analysis and hazard management. In this study bird activity data from the Naval Air Station Whidbey Island was collected by Accipiter Avian Radar System. Radar data was pre-processed by filtering out non-bird noises, including traffic vehicle, aircraft, insects, wind, rainfall, ocean waves and so on. Filtered data is then statistically analyzed using MATLAB programs. The results indicated bird movement dynamics in target areas near the airport, which includes (1) the daily activity varied at dawn and dusk; (2) bird activity varied by target area due to the habitat difference; and (3) both temporal and spatial movement patterns varied by bird species. This bird activity analysis supports bird hazard evaluation and related analysis and modeling to provide very useful information in airport bird hazard management planning.

Wang, J.; Herricks, E.

2010-12-01

337

78 FR 68088 - Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...documents, see ``Public Availability of Documents'' under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Lorenz Sollmann, Deputy Project Leader, phone (360) 457-8451. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Introduction With this notice,...

2013-11-13

338

75 FR 23212 - Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...or other malicious acts of a similar nature. Entry into or movement within this security...mail or hand delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no larger than 8\\1/2\\ by...or other malicious acts of a similar nature. The security zone would encompass...

2010-05-03

339

Al-tarbiyyah wa'l-ta'lim fi'am 1970 (Education in 1970).  

Science.gov (United States)

This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) of a description of the UAR Ministry of Education's efforts during 1970 to implement national education policy. All children of compulsory age were admitted to elementary school. This required the construction of new facilities in rural areas to combat absenteeism and…

Hafez Ghanem, Mo'hammad

340

Isotopic Studies of Contaminant Transport at the Hanford Site,WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Processes of fluid flow and chemical transport through thevadose zone can be characterized through the isotopic systematics ofnatural soils, minerals, pore fluids and groundwater. In thiscontribution, we first review our research using measured isotopicvariations, due both to natural and site related processes, of theelements H, O, N, Sr and U, to study the interconnection between vadosezone and groundwater contamination at the Hanford Site in south-centralWashington. We follow this brief review with a presentation of new datapertaining to vadose zone and groundwater contamination in the WMAT-TX-TY vicinity. Uranium (U) isotopic data for the C3832 core (WMA TX)indicates the involvement of processed natural U fuel, and links theobserved U contamination to the nearby single shelled tank TX-104. Thedata also precludes contamination from an early 1970 s TX-107 leak. Inthe case of the C4104 core (WMA T), the U isotopic data indicates amixture of processed natural and enriched U fuels consistent with themajor leak from T-106 in 1973. Uranium and Strontium isotopic data forthe cores also provides direct evidence for chemical interaction betweenhigh-pH waste fluid and sediment. Isotopic data for groundwater nitratecontamination in the vicinity of WMA-T strongly suggests high-level tankwaste (most likely from T-106) as the source of very high 99Tcconcentrations recently observed at the NE corner of WMAT.

Christensen, J.N.; Conrad, M.E.; DePaolo, D.J.; Dresel, P.E.

2006-11-01

 
 
 
 
341

SEDIMENT DATA - COMMENCEMENT BAY HYLEBOS WATERWAY - TACOMA, WA - PRE-REMEDIAL DESIGN PROGRAM  

Science.gov (United States)

Event 1A/1B Data Files URL address: http://www.epa.gov/r10earth/datalib/superfund/hybos1ab.htm. Sediment Chemistry Data (Database Format): HYBOS1AB.EXE is a self-extracting file which expands to the single-value per record .DBF format database file HYBOS1AB.DBF. This file contai...

342

75 FR 72781 - Buckhorn Exploration Project 2010, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...that could affect vegetation, tourism, recreation activities, viewpoints...noise, which could impact tourism, recreation activities, aesthetic...Noise could carry for long distances and potentially impact adjacent...pollution potentially affecting tourism, recreational...

2010-11-26

343

Field Measurements to Characterize Turbulent Inflow for Marine Hydrokinetic Devices - Marrowstone Island, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Field measurements are essential for developing an improved understanding of turbulent inflow conditions that affect the design and operation of marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) devices. The Marrowstone Island site in Puget Sound, Washington State is a potential location for installing MHK devices, as it experiences strong tides and associated currents. Here, field measurements from Nodule Point on the eastern side of Marrowstone Island are used to characterize the turbulence in terms of velocity variance as a function of length and time scales. The field measurements were performed using Acoustic Doppler Velocimetry (ADV) and Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) instruments. Both were deployed on a bottom-mounted tripod at the site by the Applied Physics Lab at the University of Washington (APL-UW). The ADV acquired single point, temporally resolved velocity data from 17-21 Feb 2011, at a height of 4.6 m above the seabed at a sampling frequency of 32 Hz. The ADCP measured the velocity profile over the water column from a height of 2.6 m above the seabed up to the sea-surface in 36 bins, with each bin of 0.5 m size. The ADCP acquired data from 11-27 Feb 2011 at a sampling frequency of 2 Hz. Analysis of the ADV measurements shows distinct dynamic regions by scale: anisotropic eddies at large scales, an isotropic turbulent cascade (-5/3 slope in frequency spectra) at mesoscales, and contamination by Doppler noise at small scales. While Doppler noise is an order of magnitude greater for the ADCP measurements, the turbulence bulk statistics are consistent between the two instruments. There are significant variations in turbulence statistics with stage of the tidal currents (i.e., from slack to non-slack tidal conditions), however an average turbulent intensity of 10% is a robust, canonical value for this site. The ADCP velocity profiles are useful in quantifying the variability in velocity along the water column, and the ensemble averaged velocity profiles may be described by a power law, commonly used to characterize boundary layers.

Richmond, M. C.; Thomson, J. M.; Durgesh, V.; Polagye, B. L.

2011-12-01

344

77 FR 71011 - Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...recreational beach uses), environmental education, and environmental interpretation...habitat management and enhancement that the Service...flora and fauna. Environmental factors that are...Public Library--Port Angeles...

2012-11-28

345

77 FR 60081 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...section below for instructions on submitting...using points of latitude and longitude, which, with...to points of latitude and longitude, but does not...line between latitude 48[deg]05'50'' N, longitude...

2012-10-02

346

Wilp Wa'ums: colonial encounter, decolonization and medical care among the Nisga'a.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Nisga'a Nation of Northwestern British Columbia have been pioneers in the area of obtaining administrative control over health services. This would seem to mark the end of medical colonialism for this First Nation. But the author argues that health program devolution, in this case, was part of a longer tradition of incorporating aspects of non-Native medicine in a way that supported Nisga'a social structure. Nevertheless, the author argues that health program devolution is part of the process of decolonization since it has supported the traditional social structure, enhanced community self-esteem and provided an opportunity for the locus of control to shift from the medical profession and the federal government to Nisga'a people. This paper sets the development of Nisga'a-centered health care in a historical context that sees the Nisga'a exerting a resistive will in the context of medical colonialism in twentieth century British Columbia. PMID:15110424

Kelm, Mary-Ellen

2004-07-01

347

75 FR 22724 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Chambers Creek, Steilacoom, WA, Schedule Change  

Science.gov (United States)

...the owner of the Chambers Creek Bridge, would only have been...marina upstream of the Chambers Creek Bridge. The primary point of...significant factor at Chambers Creek. Many lower tides stop boat...fireboats in the event of a marina fire. Authority This action is...

2010-04-30

348

77 FR 16852 - Notice of Reclassification of Five Regional Offices to Investigative Field Offices: Seattle, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...requests involving critical program issues; 2. Improve management control...onslaught of mortgage fraud issues and foreclosure issues associated with the collapse...reorganization. (b) Severance or unemployment compensation costs...

2012-03-22

349

75 FR 57167 - Safety Zone; CLS Fall Championship Hydroplane Race, Lake Sammamish, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...spectators and other waterway users...speed hydroplane races. Hydroplane races...a significant effect or economic impact...Statement of Energy Effects under Executive...a significant effect on the human environment...Championship Hydroplane Race, Lake Sammamish...be assisted by other federal,...

2010-09-20

350

78 FR 22286 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...to the University of Washington at the address in this...Museum, University of Washington, Box 353010, Seattle...Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act...of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology...Reservation; Squaxin Island Tribe of the...

2013-04-15

351

76 FR 9051 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Native American human remains and the...affiliated with the human remains should contact...Major, Cultural Resource Specialist, Washington State Department of Natural Resources; PO Box 47000...Repatriation of the human remains to the...

2011-02-16

352

77 FR 16058 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA; Record of Decision for Final Environmental...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Pacific Region, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service...with sound principles of fish and wildlife management...wildlife, habitat, biodiversity, and visitor services...the sound principles of fish and wildlife science...including maintaining freshwater wetlands on the...

2012-03-19

353

75 FR 8563 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...with the annual Fleet Week Maritime Festival. Entry into, transit...in the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73...with the annual Fleet Week Maritime Festival. This safety zone...Each year the Fleet Week Maritime Festival occurs in the...

2010-02-25

354

77 FR 5747 - Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...proposing to establish security zones around designated...vessels are in the Sector Puget Sound Captain...Proposed Rule The security zones that would...Week while in the Sector Puget Sound COTP...following areas are security zones: all navigable...vessel is in the Sector Puget Sound...

2012-02-06

355

77 FR 40521 - Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...is establishing security zones around designated...vessels are in the Sector Puget Sound Captain...Week while in the Sector Puget Sound COTP...400 yards of the security zone, as long as...following areas are security zones: all navigable...vessel is in the Sector Puget Sound...

2012-07-10

356

75 FR 45055 - Security Zone; 2010 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...foreign military vessels to Seattle. The event draws large crowds and a number of vessels that are under inherent security risks...craft on VHF 13 or Ch 16. Requests must include the reason why movement within the security zones is necessary. Vessel operators...

2010-08-02

357

WAED-HP-103, Health Physics Manual, Revision XII, March 1981. Final report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The project scope of work included the complete decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) of the Westinghouse ARD Fuel Laboratories at the Cheswick Site in the shortest possible time. This has been accomplished in the following four phases: (1) preparation of documents and necessary paperwork; packaging and shipping of all special nuclear materials in an acceptable form to a reprocessing agency; (2) decontamination of all facilities, glove boxes and equipment; loading of generated waste into bins, barrels and strong wooden boxes; (3) shipping of all bins, barrels and boxes containing waste to the designated burial site; removal of all utility services from the laboratories; (4) final survey of remaining facilities and certification for nonrestricted use; preparation of final report. This attachment describes the responsibilities, standards, practices and procedures for radiaton protection and safety in the facilities of the Westinghouse Electric Corporation at Cheswick, Pennsylvania. In addition to the application of these standards and procedures, there is continual surveillance of the operations, equipment, and personnel to detect and correct any conditions which might create a health or accident hazard

358

78 FR 25693 - Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest; Snohomish County, WA; Green Mountain Lookout Removal  

Science.gov (United States)

...and restore the mountain top. This element...Wilderness for the removal of Green Mountain...restoration of mountain top would include demolishing...foundation and removal of all materials...relocation of Green Mountain Lookout to...

2013-05-02

359

76 FR 17471 - Air Tour Management Plan Environmental Assessment for Mount Rainier National Park, WA; Public...  

Science.gov (United States)

... 12: Conservation Planning, Environmental Impact Analysis, and Decision-making, and NPS Management Policies...on the NPS on the NPS Planning, Environment and Public...management_plan/ NPS Planning, Environment and...

2011-03-29

360

19 CFR 24.24 - Harbor maintenance fee.  

Science.gov (United States)

...OR 2909—Kalama, WA 2905—Longview, WA 2908—Vancouver, WA Includes all points on the Columbia River downstream...OR 2909—Kalama, WA 2905—Longview, WA 2908—Vancouver, WA Includes all points on the Columbia River...

2010-04-01

 
 
 
 
361

Pioneer 11 observations of trapped particle absorption by the Jovian ring and the satellites 1979, J1, J2, and J3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Pioneer 10 and 11, during their encounters with Jupiter in 1973 and 1974, penetrated to L values of 2.8 and 1.7, respectively. During these encounters, at several L values, decreases in the intensity of energetic trapped particles were observed, some of which could be explained as due to absorption by the known moons Io and Amalthea; however, some decreases inside L = 4 could not be explained. The recent Voyager 1 and 2 optical discoveries of several new moons and a ring in this region has led us to reexamine our particle data, and we summarize results in this report. We report observations in three channels: protons 0.5--8.7 MeV; electrons >3.4 MeV; and medium-Z nuclei, probably oxygen and sulfur >70 MeV/nucleon. We find that with the additional moons and the ring, all observed intensity features in the stably trapped radiation are accounted for by satellite and ring absorption

362

Radon measurements in 130 schools  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

During the winter of 1989, Rn screening measurements were made in 130 schools distributed across the United States. The primary purpose of the paper is to identify schools suitable for a year-long follow-up study, the results of which will be used to update EPA's guidance for Rn testing in schools. The 130 schools were selected nonrandomly using school characteristics and accessibility in areas where there were known or suspected Rn problems in homes. Levels found in this screening study may indicate the potential for Rn problems in US schools. Over half of the 130 schools tested had at least one radon measurement ?4 pCi/L, and nearly 20% of the 3028 rooms measured ?4 pCi/L. The number of rooms ?4 pCi/L is often three rooms or less. However, schools with more than five rooms ?4 pCi/L are common in some areas. The data include schools that could be typical of much of the US school population as well as schools which exhibit extreme radon problems, such as those tested in Nashville, TN and Spokane, WA

363

Coping with pro- and anti-abortion activists.  

Science.gov (United States)

Anti-abortion organizations have extended their protest activities from free-standing abortion clinics to hospitals. In 1988-89, a number of US hospitals faced not only peaceful picketing, but also bomb treats, entrance blocking, and forced entry. This report describes strategies developed by security directors at North Shore Hospital (Manhasset, NY), Highland Hospital (Rochester, NY), Franklin General Hospital (Franklin Square, NY), Sutter Davis Hospital (Davis, CA), and Deaconess Medical Center (Spokane, WA) to contain the treat posed to hospital operations by these protesters. Among the measures recommended are: seriously assess each threat; maintain continuous contact with the local police and their intelligence personnel; obtain as much information as possible on the anti-abortion organizations and their future plans; give a show of strong security presence before any trouble begins; set up barriers to prevent demonstrators from entering the hospital grounds; maintain a neutral stance on the abortion issue; try to keep the mass media away from the protests, and appoint a designated spokesperson to speak to the press when it becomes necessary; and communicate frequently with the hospital's legal counsel. In the period ahead, as each state works to define its own abortion legislation, hospitals that perform abortions should anticipate accelerated protest demonstrations from both pro-and anti-abortion forces. PMID:10292794

1989-03-01

364

Libby Amphibole Contamination in Tree Bark Surrounding Historical Vermiculite Processing Facilities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over a 70-year period, a mine near Libby, MT supplied nearly 80% of the world’s vermiculite. Raw vermiculite, which was contaminated with naturally occurring amphibole in veins throughout the deposit, was shipped to processing sites throughout the United States for exfoliation. In this pilot study, tree bark samples were collected near processing facilities in Spokane, WA, Santa Ana, CA, Newark, CA, and Phoenix, AZ in an effort to determine if areas surrounding these facilities are today contaminated with Libby amphibole asbestos (AA. From areas surrounding each of the four historical processing sites, Libby AA was detected in a subset of the bark samples. At the Santa Ana, Newark and Phoenix facilities, actinolite-tremolite and other high Fe Ca-bearing amphibole were also measured from the bark samples. In addition, chrysotile was frequently measured in samples collected from each of the sites. From the results of this pilot study, it is evident that tree bark can serve as reservoirs of asbestos, and indicators of past and current contamination. These data also suggest that areas outside of these historical processing facilities may today have some level of existing contamination resulting from the operation of these facilities.

Mohamed I. Elashheb

2011-10-01

365

Healing leadership: the serving leader's impact on patient outcomes in a clinical environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Chris Nagel1, Anthony C Andenoro21Medical Operations – Continuous Improvement, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; 2Department of Organizational Leadership, Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA, USAAbstract: The future of health care is a topic that has significant importance to patients and caregivers alike for generations to come. As the health care industry becomes more complex, leadership and the examination of how to most effectively apply it to meet efficiency standards and optimize the patient experience will become paramount. Through this paper the authors provide the foundation for meeting this need through an innovative and socially adept framework that identifies the critical character attributes of a serving leader and the powerful impact that serving leaders can have on patient outcomes in the health care setting. This framework is grounded in a leadership theoretical foundation and contextually examined through qualitative methods. As the business of health care becomes more complex and more competitive, finding ways to improve processes and create healing environments conducive to improved patient outcomes will differentiate average health care and excellent health care in the future. This paper provides the impetus for successfully addressing these needs through the development of serving leaders, and three specific characteristics: emotional care, presence, and awareness.Keywords: servant leadership, health care, patient outcomes

Andenoro A

2012-05-01

366

Nah?at al-‘Ulam?’ bay al-B?tin?yah al-J?w?yah wa al-Ta?awwuf al-Isl?m?: ‘Ar?un wa Mun?qash?t  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Three kebatinan "holy books", Darmogandul, Gatoloco, and Wirid Hidayat Jati, are the point of focus in the analysis of doctrinal sources. The tendency of these three texts to ridicule santri(students at Islamic boarding schools or pesantren strengthens the impression that the Dutch colonial government used kebatinan to attack Islam. At the very least, this "cultural war" was closely linked to these texts.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v11i2.604

Muhammad Nursamad

2004-08-01

367

MODERNISM AS A FAILED UTOPIA: A POSTCOLONIAL CRITIQUE OF WOLE SOYINKA’S DEATH AND THE KING’S HORSEMAN AND NGUGI WA THIONG’O AND NGUGI WA MIRII’S, I WILL MARRY WHEN I WANT  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Ever since becoming a hegemonic cultural project erected on the foundations of self-acclaimed Western cultural legitimizations or superiority, modernism has been fiercely criticized for failing in its civilizing mission in Africa and in the introduction of corruption. African literature, especially its modern dramatic expressions, internalizes many examples and instances of the failure of the modernist project, with the ascendancy of poverty and/or deprivation, and the cultural and spatial d...

Etop Akwang

2012-01-01

368

«Wa-wa?aln? ‘al? barakat All?h il? ?g?l?z»: à propos de la localisation d’?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, le ?i?n du Mahd? Ibn T?mart  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available L’article se propose d’infirmer la proposition émise par Allen Fromherz dans l’une des dernières livraisons d’Al-Qan?ara d’identifier ?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, lieu de naissance d’Ibn T?mart et premier foyer de la révolution almohade, avec la localité d’?gl? dans la vallée du Sous. Conjuguant étude de la documentation écrite, rappel historiographique des rares études savantes à avoir été consacrées à ce site méconnu, et premiers éléments d’une enquête de géographie historique et d’archéologie en cours, la présente contribution voudrait montrer : 1.º que la théorie de Fromherz est sous-tendue par des erreurs d’appréciation des matériaux historiques utilisés ; 2.º que le village natal d’Ibn T?mart se situe non dans la vallée du Sous, mais dans l’Anti-Atlas central, comme l’avaient déjà bien montré en leur temps Huici Miranda et D. Jacques-Meunié ; 3.º que le site d’?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, dont on avance ici une localisation précise, comprend notamment un lieu fortifié de hauteur qui a servi, lors des premiers affrontements contre les Almoravides, de refuge à Ibn T?mart et aux membres de sa tribu. Une brève description archéologique des vestiges est enfin donnée de ce site jusqu’à ce jour inédit.

El artículo se propone rebatir la propuesta que planteó Allen Fromherz en uno de los últimos números de Al-Qan?ara, al identificar ?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, lugar de nacimiento de Ibn T?mart y primer foco de la revolución almohade, con la localidad de ?gl?, ubicada en el valle del Sous. Al juntar el estudio de la documentación escrita, la evocación historiográfica de los pocos estudios eruditos dedicados a este yacimiento desconocido, con los primeros elementos de una encuesta de geografía histórica y arqueológica en curso, la presente contribución pretende demostrar : 1.º que la teoría de Fromherz adolece de errores de apreciación de los materiales históricos empleados ; 2.º que el pueblo natal de Ibn T?mart no se ubica en el valle del Sous, sino en el Anti-Atlas central, tal como ya demostraron Huici Miranda y D. Jacques- Meunié ; 3.º que el yacimiento de ?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, del cual se avanza aquí una ubicación precisa, encierra entre otros elementos un lugar fortificado de altura que sirvió de refugio a Ibn T?mart y los miembros de su tribu durante los primeros enfrentamientos contra los Almorávides. Finalmente, se da una breve descripción arqueológica de los vestigios de este yacimiento inédito hasta ahora.

Van Staëvel, Jean-Pierre

2006-06-01

369

76 FR 28505 - Okanogan Public Utility District No. 1 of Okanogan County, WA; Notice of Availability of Draft...  

Science.gov (United States)

...a\\ Days coinciding with holidays or recreational events, including Fourth of July (4 days), Northwest Miner's Rally (3 days), Labor Day/Blues Festival (3 days), and first weekend of deer hunting season (2 days). Although...

2011-05-17

370

77 FR 49857 - Early Scoping Notification for the Alternatives Analysis of the Tacoma Link Expansion in Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Downtown Central--Extends north from Theater District to Stadium District; west to north end of MLK district and south...Station west to S. 19th St., north through MLK district to Division...38th St., west to Tacoma Mall. Eastside--Extends...

2012-08-17

371

Canada continues use prohibition of gene recombination cattle somatotropin; Kanada wa idenshikumikaegyu seicho horumon no shiyo kinshi wo keizoku  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Canada continued use prohibition of gene recombination cattle somatotropin (BST) which stimulated milk increased production of this company in spite of request of Monsanto Co.. The cow that BST was administered is based on the report of veterinary surgeon that causes reproductive function and lowering in the life, dysbasia and increase in the mastitis on this. From the research report that BST causes thyroid gland cyst of the male rat in U.S.A., consumer organization and environment group petition FDA for the elimination of BST from the U.S.A. market. In the meantime, Monsanto Co. in the report which Canada adopted, chemical structure is different, and it reports that it uses BST of other company in which dosing method and dosing frequency differ and disregards the report of Cornell university in which the life of the cow administered more and more does not lower BST. (translated by NEDO)

NONE

1999-04-05

372

Differential presence of anthropogenic compounds dissolved in the marine waters of Puget Sound, WA and Barkley Sound, BC.  

Science.gov (United States)

Organic compounds were evaluated in March 2010 at 22 stations in Barkley Sound, Vancouver Island Canada and at 66 locations in Puget Sound. Of 37 compounds, 15 were xenobiotics, 8 were determined to have an anthropogenic imprint over natural sources, and 13 were presumed to be of natural or mixed origin. The three most frequently detected compounds were salicyclic acid, vanillin and thymol. The three most abundant compounds were diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), ethyl vanillin and benzaldehyde (?600 n g L(-1) on average). Concentrations of xenobiotics were 10-100 times higher in Puget Sound relative to Barkley Sound. Three compound couplets are used to illustrate the influence of human activity on marine waters; vanillin and ethyl vanillin, salicylic acid and acetylsalicylic acid, and cinnamaldehyde and cinnamic acid. Ratios indicate that anthropogenic activities are the predominant source of these chemicals in Puget Sound. PMID:21920564

Keil, Richard; Salemme, Keri; Forrest, Brittany; Neibauer, Jaqui; Logsdon, Miles

2011-11-01

373

New results from WA85 on multistrange hyperon production in 200 A GeV/c S-W interactions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The authors present results on transverse mass spectra for K{sup 0}, {Lambda}, anti {Lambda}, and h{sup -} and hyperon ratios obtained for the reaction of 200 A GeV {sup 32}S with a tungsten target. (HSI)

Evans, D. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Abatzis, S.; Andrighetto, A.; Antinori, F.; Barnes, R.P.; Bayes, A.C.; Benayoun, M.; Beusch, W.; Bravar, A.; Carney, J.N.; Crux, B. de la; Di Bari, D.; Dufey, J.P.; Davies, J.P.; Elia, D.; Fini, R.; French, B.R.; Girone, M.; Ghidini, B.; Helstrup, H.; Holme, A.K.; Jacholkowski, A.; Kahane, J.; Kinson, J.B.; Kirk, A.; Knudson, K.; Lassalle, J.C.; Lenti, V.; Leruste, P.; Manzari, V.; Navach, F.; Narjoux, J.L.; Penzo, A.; Quercigh, E.; Rossi, L.; Safarik, K.; Sene, M.; Sene, R.; Vassiliadis, G.; Villalobos Baillie, O.; Volte, A.; Votruba, M.F. [Athens Univ. (Greece)]|[Bari Univ. (Italy)]|[INFN, Bari (Italy)]|[Bergen Univ. (Norway)]|[Birmingham Univ. (United Kingdom)]|[CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)]|[College de France, Paris (France)]|[IN2P3, Paris (France)]|[CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)]|[INFN, Trieste (Italy); WA85 Collaboration

1994-01-03

374

Rise Time and Formant Transition Duration in the Discrimination of Speech Sounds: The Ba-Wa Distinction in Developmental Dyslexia  

Science.gov (United States)

Across languages, children with developmental dyslexia have a specific difficulty with the neural representation of the sound structure (phonological structure) of speech. One likely cause of their difficulties with phonology is a perceptual difficulty in auditory temporal processing (Tallal, 1980). Tallal (1980) proposed that basic auditory…

Goswami, Usha; Fosker, Tim; Huss, Martina; Mead, Natasha; Szucs, Denes

2011-01-01

375

W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Project Phase 1 Definition  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

For a secure and sustainable energy future, the United States (U.S.) must reduce its dependence on imported oil and reduce its emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs). To meet these strategic challenges, the U.S. wiU have to create fundamentally new technologies with performance levels far beyond what is now possible. Developing advanced post-combustion clean coal technologies for capturing CO{sub 2} from existing coal-fired power plants can play a major role in the country's transition to a sustainable energy future, especially when coupled with CO{sub 2}-enhanced oil recovery (CO{sub 2}-EOR). Pursuant to these goals, NRG Energy, Inc. (NRG) submitted an application and entered into a cost-shared collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Round 3 of the Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) to advance low-emission coal technologies. The objective of the NRG W A Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Demonstration Project is to establish the technical feasibility and economic viability of post-combustion CO{sub 2} capture using flue gas from an existing pulverized coal-fired boiler integrated with geologic sequestration via an enhanced oil recovery (EOR) process. To achieve these objectives, the project will be executed in three phases. Each phase represents a distinct aspect of the project execution. The project phases are: • Phase I. Project Definition/Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) • Phase ll. Detailed Engineering, Procurement & Construction • Phase III. Demonstration and Monitoring The purpose of Phase I is to develop the project in sufficient detail to facilitate the decision-making process in progressing to the next stage of project delivery. Phase n. This report provides a complete summary of the FEED study effort, including pertinent project background information, the scope of facilities covered, decisions, challenges, and considerations made regarding configuration and performance of the facility, along with the conceptual design and estimate results. The findings of this report should be considered conceptual in nature and are conditioned on the statements contained herein. The cost of preparing this report (including the FEED study described herein) was funded in part by a $167-million grant provided by the U.S. DOE.

Armpriester, Anthony; Smith, Roger; Scheriffius, Jeff; Smyth, Rebecca; Istre, Michael

2014-02-01

376

Integrated Status and Effectiveness Monitoring Program Population Estimates for Juvenile Salmonids in Nason Creek, WA ; 2008 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes juvenile coho, spring Chinook, and steelhead salmon migration data collected at a 1.5m diameter cone rotary fish trap on Nason Creek during 2008; providing abundance and freshwater productivity estimates. We used species enumeration at the trap and efficiency trials to describe emigration timing and to estimate the number of emigrants. Trapping began on March 2, 2008 and was suspended on December 11, 2008 when snow and ice accumulation prevented operation. During 2008, 0 brood year (BY) 2006 coho, 1 BY2007 coho, 906 BY2006 spring Chinook, 323 BY2007 fry Chinook, 2,077 BY2007 subyearling Chinook, 169 steelhead smolts, 414 steelhead fry and 2,390 steelhead parr were trapped. Mark-recapture trap efficiency trials were performed over a range of stream discharge stages. A total of 2,639 spring Chinook, 2,154 steelhead and 12 bull trout were implanted with Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags. Most PIT tagged fish were used for trap efficiency trials. We were unable to identify a statistically significant relationship between stream discharge and trap efficiency, thus, pooled efficiency estimates specific to species and trap size/position were used to estimate the number of fish emigrating past the trap. We estimate that 5,259 ({+-} 359; 95% CI) BY2006 Chinook, 16,816 ({+-} 731; 95% CI) BY2007 Chinook, and 47,868 ({+-} 3,780; 95% CI) steelhead parr and smolts emigrated from Nason Creek in 2008.

Collins, Matthew; Murdoch, Keely [Yakama Nation Fisheries Resource Management

2009-07-20

377

75 FR 5941 - Umatilla National Forest, Walla Walla Ranger District, Walla Walla, WA; Cobbler II Timber Sale...  

Science.gov (United States)

...provide sawlogs and wood fiber products for utilization...become dominant after long periods without disturbance and...submitted. The comment period begins on the date of...the close of the comment period and should clearly...

2010-02-05

378

77 FR 70137 - Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA; Bannon, Aeneas, Revis, and Tunk Grazing...  

Science.gov (United States)

...assessment area covers about 36,803...Forest System lands within T. 35...consistent with land management plans...Okanogan Forest Land and Resource Management...management options if changes to the Proposed...designed for early detection of resource...

2012-11-23

379

77 FR 13622 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Washington. The unassociated funerary objects are: 25 stone implements; 3 pestle fragments; 2 pounding stones; 1 grooved weight; 1 grooved stone; 1 mortar; 2 pestles; 1 bone awl; and 1 lot of metal beads. The stone implements were...

2012-03-07

380

77 FR 61781 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...following sentence: The unassociated funerary objects are: 25 stone implements; 3 pestle fragments; 1 pounding stones; 1 grooved stone; 1 mortar; 2 pestles; 1 bone awl; and 1 lot of metal beads. In the Federal Register (77 FR...

2012-10-11

 
 
 
 
381

75 FR 16502 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...unassociated funerary objects are a stone pestle (Whit-O-0135) and a stone mortar...stone scraper (WHIT-BR-0076); 1 pestle (WHIT-BR-0089); and 13 stone implements...0094). At an unknown date, a stone pestle (Whit-O-0137) was collected at...

2010-04-01

382

Health assessment for Naval Undersea Warfare Station, Keyport, Washington, Region 10. CERCLIS No. WA1170023419. Preliminary report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Naval Undersea Warfare Station Site (NUW) has been proposed for inclusion on the National Priorities List. Preliminary on-site sampling results from the Keyport Landfill have identified chromium, lead, cadmium, mercury, and phthalates. Shellfish sampled from the intertidal flats identified various phthalates. Preliminary soil and sediment sampling results from the Van Meter Road area identified arsenic (16 ppm), cadmium (2 ppm), chromium (69 ppm), lead(36 ppm), and mercury (100 ppb). Preliminary sediment-sampling results from Liberty Bay identified lead (8 to 160 ppm), mercury (40 to 190 ppb), cadmium (130 to 970 ppb), and chromium (21 to 43 ppm). In addition, heavy metals were identified in shellfish. The site is considered to be of potential public health concern because of the risk to human health caused by the possibility of exposure to hazardous substances.

1988-09-01

383

Proceedings of the International Congress on Home Help Services (Paris, France, September 1962). WA Publication No. 10.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report in English translation is intended to acquaint agencies and individuals in this country with the homemaker services of other nations. The home helper is an international phenomenon and her role is developing, and the free exchange of workers signals a growing harmony in the concepts of training, and mutual recognition of qualifications…

National Council for Homemaker-Home Health Aide Services, New York, NY.

384

Badania nad enolaz? - wa?nym alergenem grzybów ple?niowych. Preparacja i charakterystyka enolazy z Alternaria alternata  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wprowadzenie: Enzym szlaku glikolitycznego enolaza, uznawany jest za g?ówny alergen grzybów i ple?ni. Uzyskanie wysokooczyszczonych preparatów enolazy z ró?nych gatunków grzybów pozwoli w przysz?o?ci na zwi?kszenie specyficzno?ci i czu?o?ci w diagnostyce alergologicznej. Cel pracy: Celem niniejszej pracy by?o opracowanie metody preparacji enolazy z Alternaria alternata oraz zbadanie podstawowych w?a?ciwo?ci biochemicznych oczyszczonego enzymu. Materia? i metody: Szczep Alternaria alternata izolowany ze ?rodowiska hodowano na po?ywce Sabourauda z 4% glukoz?. Komórki grzybów rozbijano mechanicznie w m?ynku Brauna. Ekstrakt uzyskany ze zdezintegrowanych komórek frakcjonowano (NH42S04, a nast?pnie rozdzielano chromatograficznie na kolumnach, wype?nionych z?o?ami DEAE-Sephadex A-50 i CM-Sephadex C-50. Wyniki: Przeprowadzono badania nad wp?ywem czasu trwania hodowli Alternaria alternata na poziom aktywno?ci enolazowej w ekstrakcie komórkowym. Wykazano, ?e dla celów preparatywnych najefektywniejsza jest hodowla 28-dniowa. Opracowano metod? oczyszczania enolazy z Alternaria alternata, pozwalaj?c? na uzyskiwanie wysokooczyszczonego bia?ka. Okre?lono w?a?ciwo?ci molekularne i kinetyczne oczyszczonego enzymu. Wyznaczono mas? cz?steczkow? podjednostki enolazy Mw=47 kDa i optimum pH=6,8. Wykazano wysok? termostabilno?? enzymu, pozwalaj?c? na zachowanie 50% aktywno?ci po jednogodzinnej inkubacji w 50°C. Zbadano sta?e kinetyczne Km i Vmax dla reakcji 2-PGA—>PEP (1^=0,36 mM; Vmax=4 mmol min"1 pmol"1. Wnioski: Opracowana metoda izolacji i oczyszczania enolazy z Alternaria alternata pozwala na uzyskiwanie wysokooczyszczonego bia?ka. W?a?ciwo?ci biochemiczne oczyszczonego enzymu wskazuj? na jego znaczne molekularne podobie?stwo do enolazy z Saccharomyces cerevisiae i Candida albicans, co mo?e stanowi? przyczyn? wyst?powania krzy?owych reakcji mi?dzy tymi gatunkami grzybów.

Irena Kustrzeba-Wójcicka

2001-12-01

385

77 FR 28568 - Foreign-Trade Zone 216-Olympia, WA; Notification of Proposed Production Activity; Callisons, Inc...  

Science.gov (United States)

...entry procedures that apply to essential oils of peppermint (mentha piperita...cyclenic ketones without oxygen, essential oils of peppermint (mentha piperita), essential oils of mint and essential oils...

2012-05-15

386

Experiments in dam removal, sediment pulses and channel evolution on the Clark Fork River, MT and White Salmon River, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Two recent dam removals on tributaries to the Columbia River in the northwestern United States present contrasting examples of how dam removal methods, reservoir contents, and geomorphic settings influence system responses. The 2008 removal of Milltown Dam, from the Clark Fork River (CFR), Montana, and the 2011 removal of Condit Dam from the White Salmon River (WSR), Washington (Table 1), represent two of the largest dam removals to date. The Milltown Dam removal was notable because the dam stored millions of cubic meters of contaminated mine tailings, a portion of which were excavated as part of Superfund remediation but a portion of which flowed downstream after the removal. On the CFR, post-breach high flows in 2008 produced reservoir erosion and downstream deposition in bed interstices, along bars, and on the floodplain, but above-average (3-15 year recurrence interval) floods since then have remobilized this material and have, to a large extent, erased signs of downstream sedimentation. The Condit Dam removal entailed dynamiting of a 4m by 5.5m hole at the base of the dam, which produced rapid and dramatic draining of fine reservoir sediments within hours of the blast. Downstream of Condit Dam, the initial hyperconcentrated flows and sediment pulse draped the WSR with fine sediment, filled pools, and, in an unconfined reach influenced by the Columbia River's backwater, caused meters of aggradation and new bar formation. In the confined, bedrock-dominated reach downstream of the Condit site, pool-riffle structure has started to reemerge as of summer 2012 and the finest bed materials have been evacuated from the main channel, although sediment storage in pools and eddies persists. Whereas post-breach geomorphic responses on the CFR have been largely driven by hydrology, the post-breach evolution of the WSR has been predominantly influenced by antecedent geomorphic conditions (slope, confinement, and Columbia River backwater). On both the CFR and WSR, the pace of post-breach reservoir erosion and of geomorphic recovery from the disturbances produced by dam removal has been rapid, far exceeding pre-breach predictions.Table 1: Comparison of Milltown and Condit Dam removals

Wilcox, A. C.

2012-12-01

387

Al-Sul??nah f? Cirebon: Dir?sah T?r?kh?yah wa Thaq?f?yah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses the Sultanate of Cirebon from two perspectives. First, from its historical standpoints, including its rise, development and fall. Second, from its cultural point of views covering such aspects as architecture, literature, and performing arts, which have become local traditions until nowadays. Geographically, Cirebon is located in Northern part of law coast. Its strategic location, with a number of river mouths, plays an important role for the development of Cirebon to become a harbor city for regional and international sailing and trading nativities. The position of Cirebon as a harbor city has begun since Hindu and Buddhist Kingdom of Sundanese Pajajaran, as can be seen from local archives, such as babad and carita, as well as foreign historical records.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v16i2.485

Uka Tjandrasasmita

2009-08-01

388

Surprisingly little distal ground deformation associated with the 2004-2005 eruption of Mount St. Helens, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The 2004-2005 eruption of Mount St. Helens, Washington, began with a small earthquake swarm on September 23, 2004. Activity peaked on September 24, gradually declined throughout the day, then increased dramatically before culminating in a series of phreatic explosions on October 1-5. By October 11, seismicity had dropped to 2-3 small (0.5-1.5 magnitude) earthquakes per minute with larger events (2-3 magnitude) occurring at a rate of several per day. This decrease coincided with the onset of lava dome extrusion, which has continued without pause through early February 2005. Deformation of the volcano and its surroundings has been monitored primarily by a combination of GPS and InSAR. Only one dual-frequency and one single-frequency GPS unit were running at the onset of activity. On September 26, 2004, several campaign GPS stations on and around the volcano were reoccupied, and by mid-October a network of 10 continuous dual-frequency stations had been established (installed by both the USGS and UNAVCO Inc.- Plate Boundary Observatory). Measurements from locations outside the crater show surprisingly little deformation. A site 8 km north of the volcano abruptly moved 1 cm towards the crater between about September 23 and October 5, suggesting volume loss at depth, and has moved an additional 1 cm through early February. Unfortunately, these data cannot be corroborated since no other stations were operating at this distance during the period of most rapid displacement. A second dual-frequency site high on the SE flank of the volcano moved 4 cm SE between mid-November 2004 and January 2005, likely due to impingement of the new lava dome against the SE crater wall. A systematic deformation pattern is not readily apparent from analysis of GPS data from other sites. Similarly, InSAR results have shown no significant surface displacements before or during the eruption. Inside the crater, surface motion is monitored by a network of single-frequency GPS receivers that have been placed by helicopter onto both the 1980-1986 and 2004-2005 lava domes. Results suggest that the 1980-1986 dome has been moving north, away from the site of the current eruption, at rates of 0.5-1 cm/day. GPS units on the active dome have recorded displacement rates as high as 10 m/day. Together with time-lapse photography, these measurements demonstrate that the velocity of lava extrusion remained nearly constant between November 2004 and February 2005. Results from the mid- and far-field GPS stations do not agree with classic models of volcano deformation that predict pre-eruption inflation and co-eruption deflation; thus, monitoring of surface displacements has largely failed to indicate the course of the eruption. This suggests a need to reexamine models of volcano deformation so that future monitoring efforts at Mount St. Helens and other volcanoes are more effective at mapping subsurface magma migration.

Poland, M.; Lisowski, M.; Dzurisin, D.; Lahusen, R.; Lu, Z.; Hafner, K.

2005-05-01

389

75 FR 1049 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Intent To File License...  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission...Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project. f. Location...Secretary, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission...Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project) and...

2010-01-08

390

75 FR 17402 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application...  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Project No. 12690-004...proposing to study the feasibility of the Admiralty Inlet Tidal Energy Project to be located in Admiralty Inlet in the...

2010-04-06

391

Relationship Between Pacific Decadal Oscillation and Paleo-Tracers of Hypoxia in Sediment Cores from Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Coastal eutrophication is often linked to increasing anthropogenic nutrient loading. While this cause-effect relationship holds true for many coastal regions, the Pacific Northwest also receives nutrient-rich waters from coastal upwelling. Sediment cores were collected in Puget Sound's Main Basin and the sub-basin of Hood Canal to reconstruct the historical record of hypoxia for circa 300 years. Paleo-tracers used to reconstruct the record included stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen, biomarkers for terrestrial organic matter, and redox-sensitive metals (Mo, Re, U, Cd) that are enriched in sediment during periods of low/no oxygen. Reconstructions suggest evidence of hypoxia existing in Hood Canal prior to significant western-settlement (1900s). Therefore, the development of hypoxic bottom waters may be linked to natural processes. The relationship between Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and this historical record of hypoxia were evaluated. Sediment core profiles indicate a century-scale oscillation in hypoxia with periods of persistent hypoxia recorded circa 1700s, 1800s, and 1900s and more oxygenated conditions recorded around the middle of each century. The key features of this record include core segments highly enriched with redox-sensitive metals, encompassing ~20 cm, circa 1700s and little/no enrichment around the 1950s. These key features correspond with periods of intensive positive and negative PDO indices, respectively. The PDO results from a shift from west to east of the Aleutian Low with Pacific Northwest weather oscillating between relatively warm- dry and cool-wet conditions, respectively. These reconstructions suggest that atmospheric/oceanic conditions during positive PDO cycles may be linked to restricted ventilation and increased propensity for the occurrence of hypoxia in Hood Canal.

Brandenberger, J. M.; Crecelius, E. A.; Louchouarn, P.

2008-12-01

392

75 FR 34927 - Safety Zone; Parade of Ships, Seattle SeaFair Fleet Week, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...until 8 p.m. on August 4, 2010, unless canceled sooner by the Captain of the Port. Dated: June 5, 2010. S.W. Bornemann, Captain, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port, Puget Sound. [FR Doc. 2010-14849 Filed 6-18-10; 8:45...

2010-06-21

393

77 FR 42672 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR; and Waitsburg, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...CFR Part 73 [MB Docket No. 12-115; DA 12-1084] Radio Broadcasting Services; Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls...vacant allotment. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission....

2012-07-20

394

Experimental study of the interactions of nuclear waste with potential waste package components from Hanford site, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Basalt Waste Isolation Project has begun a program to investigate the interactions of actual spent fuel with groundwater, both alone and in the presence of site-specific waste package components, in evaluating the Columbia River basalt of the Pasco Basin, Washington, as a possible high-level nuclear waste repository site. The experiments are run in Dickson autoclaves for up to six months; fluid is extracted at intervals during each run to analyze concentrations of species in solution. This allows the authors to monitor the dissolution of the components and their interactions, which commonly result in the formation of secondary minerals. It is anticipated that these secondary minerals will incorporate radionuclides, thus restricting their mobility and limiting their release from the waste package. Some radionuclides show markedly lower concentrations in basalt-bearing runs. For example, Cs consistently attains a concentration of 8.9x10-2 mg/1 with basalt while remaining steady at 5.7x10-1 in spent fuel-only runs. Sr concentrations reach 7.8x10-4 mg/1 without basalt, remaining an order of magnitude lower with basalt present. Actinides also show lower concentrations with basalt. U concentrations drops to 0.002 mg/1 after 2000 hours with basalt present. Pu reaches a maximum of 1.9x10-5 with basalt, 5.8x10-5 without basalt. These concentrations all lie well below the limits required to meet federal release criteria

395

77 FR 32943 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Driving in the Columbia River, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...least two protected species observers...Mammals in the Area of the Specified...Bonneville Dam. Information...Bonneville Dam is also avoided...purpose of this area is to prevent...Procedures If a protected species observer...Bonneville Dam since 2002...in shallow coastal waters of...The action area (waters...

2012-06-04

396

THE COST OF POSITIONAL NEGOTIATIONS VERSUS COLLABORATIVE OR RELATIONAL NEGOTIATIONS FOR NEGOTIATING COMPLIANCE MILESTONES AT HANFORD WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

ferent approach was suggested and eventually initiated: Collaborative or Relational Negotiations. The relational negotiation style resulted in agreement between the agencies on all key issues within 6 months of initiation. All parties were very pleased with the results and all parties were relieved that protracted negotiations sessions were not needed with the new style of working together collaboratively to serve each other's interests without compromising each party's needs. The characteristics of collaborative negotiations included building trust, emphasizing equality of team members, problem solving by the entire team, relying on individual communications, and self-management skills. A specific example of positional negotiations is given with the resultant increase in cost, duration of negotiations, and lingering questions regarding trust among the parties

397

Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wa?brzych (SW Poland. II. Dependence on the substrate and seasonality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Results confirm domination of the occurrence of slime moulds on decaying wood of Fagus (33 taxa, as well as on Tilia (31. The list of species found on wood of Acer pseudoplatanus was extended up to 18. In such a specific microhabitat as litter 33 taxa were found, and among them abundant occurrence of Diachea leucopodia and Diderma testaceum was conspicuous. Dependence of the occurrence of myxomycetes on climatic conditions is manifeted by various periods of "fructification" of particular species. August and September were the most favourable months (49 taxa each while July was the worst one (30 taxa. Slime moulds inhabiting litter had their maximum from June to August.

Wanda Stojanowska

2004-12-01

398

77 FR 72337 - Notice of Availability of the Injury Assessment Plan for the Hanford Site, Richland, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Trustee Council Chair/Washington State Department of Ecology, Nuclear Waste Program, P.O. Box 47600, Olympia, Washington 98504-7600...Seattle, Washington 98195; Washington State University, Tri-Cities Consolidated Information Center, Room 101-L,...

2012-12-05

399

Chapman Conference on the Hydrologic Aspects of Global Climate Change, Lake Chelan, WA, June 12-14, 1990, Selected Papers  

Science.gov (United States)

The present conference on the hydrological aspects of global climate change discusses land-surface schemes for future climate models, modeling of the land-surface boundary in climate models as a composite of independent vegetation, a land-surface hydrology parameterizaton with subgrid variability for general circulation models, and conceptual aspects of a statistical-dynamical approach to represent landscape subgrid-scale heterogeneities in atmospheric models. Attention is given to the impact of global warming on river runoff, the influence of atmospheric moisture transport on the fresh water balance of the Atlantic drainage basin, a comparison of observations and model simulations of tropospheric water vapor, and the use of weather types to disaggregate the prediction of general circulation models. Topics addressed include the potential response of an Arctic watershed during a period of global warming and the sensitivity of groundwater recharge estimates to climate variability and change.

Lettenmaier, Dennis P. (editor); Rind, D. (editor)

1992-01-01

400

75 FR 41922 - Central Washington Railroad Company-Discontinuance of Trackage Rights Exemption-in Yakima County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Company--Discontinuance of Trackage Rights Exemption--in Yakima County...Discontinuances of Service to discontinue trackage rights over 2.25 miles of rail lines...1\\ CWRR acquired the trackage rights in Central Washington...

2010-07-19

 
 
 
 
401

Paleomagnetism, Paleointensity, and Rock Magnetism of the 9.5 ka volcanics of Sulfur Creek, Mt. Baker, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

We report results obtained from an initial study of the paleomagnetism and rock-magnetism of basaltic to basaltic-andesite flows- the volcanics of Sulfur Creek associated with the Mt. Baker composite volcano, in NW Washington State. The age of these rocks are constrained by the ages of 8800 14C yrs BP tephra deposits that underlie the lava flows, and 8500 14C years BP from lahar deposits that overlie the flows (see Tucker and Scott, 2009). For this study, 21 oriented samples were collected from 3 sites located along a 100 m wide road-cut exposure of the basalts. Thermal and a.f. demagnetization were successful- yielding well-defined magnetization vectors. The characteristic remanence was removed between 140 and 500 C in the majority of the samples. Most of the samples have normal polarity, and yield a combined mean direction from the 3 sites with Dec = 12, Incl = 51, k = 116, ?95 = 11. One sample has an upward-directed characteristic magnetization (D = 178 and Incl = -45) that is essentially antipodal to the directions found in the other samples. Given the age of these rocks, we concluded that a recording of a geomagnetic excursion was not likely. An investigation of the rock-magnetism, mainly of the Curie temperatures, found that the Tc of these rocks is ~540 C, with some samples also having a drop in Ms between 200 and 300 C. To test more definitively for the possibility of self-reversed TRM, we conducted laboratory TRM acquisition experiments on samples from each site- all, including a specimen from the sample with reversed directions, acquired a laboratory TRM that was parallel to the applied field in the oven- ruling out self-reversed TRM. Examination of the NRM intensities found that the sample with reversed direction was markedly more magnetic than the other samples- we thus attribute the anomalous direction to lightning-produced magnetization. Because these samples have well-behaved magnetic properties, we conducted an initial set of paleointensity experiments using the modified Thellier-Thellier method. The samples were heated in an oven with an Ar atmosphere, using steps from 140 to 450 C for the demagnetization and pTRM steps. The results from 9/10 samples yielded well-defined linear relationships between the NRM demagnetization and pTRM gain, over the range from 140 to 400 C. Using 6 to 7 temperature steps, best-fit lines were used to estimate the paleointensity of the geomagnetic field, obtaining a paleofield of 35.1 +/- 6 ?T. We conclude that the apparently reversed polarity direction found in one portion of the lava flow we sampled may suggest a note of caution in the use of NRMs (especially measured in the field using a portable magnetometer) to map and correlate among different volcanic flows, or in investigations that use small numbers of samples to define magnetic polarity. Finally, the basaltic flows of Mt. Baker have well-behaved magnetizations- this suggests that these and other similar Holocene volcanics in the Cascades Arc may be attractive targets of full-vector investigations of the geomagnetic field in this region.

Housen, B. A.; Burmester, R. F.; Deboer, C. J.; Hart, A.; Mcguire, Z. J.; Novak, B.; Zyczynski, J.

2011-12-01

402

Smoking, it is slow suicide - aiming for smoking cessation; Kitsuen sore wa kanmannaru jisatsu. Kin'en wo mezashite  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Toxic substances content rate in the particle phase and the gas phase of paper roll tobacco and included substances in mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke were shown. Delay of information disclosure in developing countries including Japan was introduced along with explanation of the smoking situation in Japan and each country in world in the man and woman independence. As health hazard by smoking, symptom by nicotin, carbon dioxide and included other substances was described separately and smoking cessation countermeasure was introduced. (NEDO)

Azuma, Keiko [sophia University, Tokyo (Japan)

1999-02-01

403

Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wa?brzych (SW Poland. Part I. List of taxa and quantitative analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A total number of 103 Myxomycetes taxa is known of the "Prze?omy pod Ksi??em" nature reserve. In 2002, 89 taxa were recorded in the reserve. The following families prevail: Physaraceae - 24.4 %, Arcyriaceae, Didymiaceae and Stemonitidaceae - 15.8 % each, Trichiaceae - 12.2 %. Dominant genera are: Physarum - 14 species, Arcyria - 9, Trichia - 8, Cribraria and Diderma - 7 each. Three species were recorded for the first time in Poland: Arcyria minuta, Cribraria persooni and Symphytocarpus flaccidus. The occurrence of Didymium serpula and Lepidoderma tigrinum in Lower Silesia was confirmed after 100 years.

Wanda Stojanowska

2004-06-01

404

78 FR 30901 - Record of Decision and Wetland/Floodplain Statement of Findings for the W.A. Parish Post...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Mitigation Measures In making its decision, DOE considered the environmental...NRG would be required to purchase and retire 1.3 tons...below the threshold of human perception. Increased truck traffic...below the threshold of human perception, resulting in...

2013-05-23

405

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 10): Old Navy Dump Manchester Laboratory (USEPA/NOAA), Manchester, WA, September 30, 1997  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This decision document presents the selected remedial action for the Old Navy Dump/Manchester Annex Superfund Site (Site) in Manchester, Washington. The selected remedy is the only response action planned for the Site.

NONE

1998-01-01

406

Singing All the Way to the Union  

Science.gov (United States)

In early 1909, just over a hundred years ago, the Spokane, Washington, branch of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) got a reputation as a "singing union." Later that year, the same Spokane branch of the IWW embarked on a massive free speech fight. IWW agitators would arrive on street corners, call on the crowds not to pay for work, and…

Feinberg, Joe Grim

2010-01-01

407

A combinatorial interpretation for the identity Sum_{k=0}^{n} binom{n}{k} Sum_{j=0}^{k} binom{k}{j}^{3}= Sum_{k=0}^{n} binom{n}{k}^{2}binom{2k}{k}  

CERN Document Server

The title identity appeared as Problem 75-4, proposed by P. Barrucand, in Siam Review in 1975. The published solution equated constant terms in a suitable polynomial identity. Here we give a combinatorial interpretation in terms of card deals.

Callan, David

2007-01-01

408

Dosing considerations with transdermal formulations of fentanyl and buprenorphine for the treatment of cancer pain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tracy L Skaer College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, Spokane, WA, USA Abstract: Opioids continue to be first-line pharmacotherapy for patients suffering from cancer pain. Unfortunately, subtherapeutic dosage prescribing of pain medications remains common, and many cancer patients continue to suffer and experience diminished quality of life. A large variety of therapeutic options are available for cancer pain patients. Analgesic pharmacotherapy is based on the patient's self-report of pain intensity and should be tailored to meet the requirements of each individual. Most, if not all, cancer pain patients will ultimately require modifications in their opioid pharmacotherapy. When changes in a patient's medication regimen are needed, adequate pain control is best maintained through appropriate dosage conversion, scheduling immediate release medication for withdrawal prevention, and providing as needed dosing for breakthrough pain. Transdermal opioids are noninvasive, cause less constipation and sedation when compared to oral opioids, and may improve patient compliance. A relative potency of 100:1 is recommended when converting the patient from oral morphine to transdermal fentanyl. Based on the limited data available, there is significant interpatient variability with transdermal buprenorphine and equipotency recommendations from oral morphine of 75:1–110:1 have been suggested. Cancer patients may require larger transdermal buprenorphine doses to control their pain and may respond better to a more aggressive 75–100:1 potency ratio. This review outlines the prescribing of transdermal fentanyl and transdermal buprenorphine including how to safely and effectively convert to and use them for those with cancer pain. Keywords: opioids, analgesic pharmacotherapy, immediate release medication, pain treatment modification, breakthrough pain, opioid withdrawal, equipotency ratio

Skaer TL

2014-08-01

409

Annual Report: 2011-2012 Storm Season Sampling, Non-Dry Dock Stormwater Monitoring for Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Annual PSNS non-dry dock storm water monitoring results for 2011-2012 storm season. Included are a brief description of the sampling procedures, storm event information, laboratory methods and data collection, a results and discussion section, and the conclusions and recommendations.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Rupert, Brian; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhart, Christine

2013-07-03

410

Al-Isl?m al-Mu’tadil wa Thaq?fat Bangka Belitung: Al-Man??rat al-Antr?b?l?j?yah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article explains moderate Islam in Bangka-Belitung culture from anthropological perspective. This article defines moderate Islam as in line with moderateness, compromises with a spirit to reject all forms of violence. Moderate Islam is the true character of Islam, because moderate Islam believes that Islam brings peace. Due to the limited studies in the form of anthropology, politics, economics, and history on Bangka-Belitung community, this article relies on limited sources. Thus, this article is based on personal observation and experience as an insider. Although it cannot escape from many shortcomings, insider observation has become one of the strategies to enrich this study and to understand the nuances of the holistic nature of this study.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v17i3.458

Zulkifli Zulkifli

2010-12-01

411

Studies on the reaction ?p ? ?+?-p at the experiment WA69 in the energy range from 60 to 170 GeV  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the present thesis the reaction ?p ? ?+?-p was studied. The ?(770) was analyzed by means of events in which the detectors and the reconstruction programs have detected the recoil proton. The cross section of the ? production process was determined. The values for the cross section ? (p ? ?(770)p) lie typically at (5.3(+1.6-0.5) ?b. The extrapolation of the differential cross section d?/dt to t=0 yields at a slope parameter b of (6.9±1) GeV2 a value of 65±20) ?b/GeV2 a value of (65±20) ?b/GeV2 and a cross section of ?(?p ? ?(770)p) (9.3±3) ?b. The decay angular conservation. The spin-density matrix elements ?1,-1 and Re(?1,0) are in the mass range of the ? in the framework of the measuring accuracy equal to zero, the ?0,0 lies with a value of 0.09±0.02 a little above. The reaction ? p ? ?p studied with the same data on the decay into 2 kaons was measured with a cross section ?(? p ? ?(? K+K-)p) of (107(+35-12) nb. In the mass range of the ?(1600) both in the data with reconstructed proton and in the data where only the 2 pions were to be detected a significant signal is to see. (orig./HSI)

412

Preliminary results from the WA85 experiment on ? and anti ? production in 200 A GeV/c sulphur-tungsten interactions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The experiment was performed in the CERN Omega Spectrometer using a 200 A GeV/c beam of 32S ions. The set-up was designed to select high pT tracks in the central rapidity region. In addition, the overall multiplicity in the pseudorapidity range 2.2???3.4 was sampled using silicon microstrips. 107 triggers were recorded. (orig./HSI)

413

Assessment of groundwater resources at the delta of wa di sudr, west central sinal, egypt, using conventional and non-conventional techniques  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fifteen wells at the delta of wadi sudre tapping quaternary and oligocene aquifers were used for this coordinated research project between the nuclear center at inshas and the international atomic energy agency (IAEA) at vienna. crop management on salt-affected soils (Such as acacia and atriplex) has been attempted at this area. The groundwater related to the quaternary aquifer shows salinities. that range between 3313 to 8997 ppm with Ph in the range of 7.2 to 7.7 Depths to water table were fluctuated between 5 and 16 m from ground surface with aquifer saturated thickness of 10 m. Salinization due to over drafting and consequently the deterioration of groundwater quality were detected. Groundwater vulnerability resulting from heavy pumping in summer times has confined crop management to that of tolerant and semi-tolerant ones such as cereals, fodder crops and acacia. Salt free or slightly salt-affected soils are encountered in the main stream stream of wadi sudr and its lower reaches

414

Tun Sri Lanang f? Mas?r al-T?r?kh wa ‘Al?qatuhu bi Intish?r al-Isl?m f? Aceh  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses the role of Tun Sri Lanang in designing the socio-political and religious life and in introducing both the structural and cultural changes in the Aceh Darussalam Kingdom. This article focuses on the period of Sultan Iskandar Muda until Ratu Safiatuddin. In addition to his popularity as adviser of Sultan Iskandar Muda, Tun Sri Lanang was also well-known as a pioneer in spreading Islam in east Aceh especially in Samalanga. Although he had no strong knowledge on Islam, Tun Sri Lanang had a strong interest in the existence of Islam in Aceh. The fact that Aceh in his time was noted as a centre of Islamic civilization in Southeast Asia could not be separated from the role of hulubalang and other kingdom officials who had strong interests in disseminating Islam and developing knowledge.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v19i1.371 

M. Dien Madjid

2012-04-01

415

Al-Rad?k?l?yah al-Isl?m?yah: Afk?ruh? wa ?arak?tuh? f? Ind?n?s?y? al-Ma’??ir  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article endeavors to explain the notion of radicalism in the context of Islamic movements in Indonesia. Of late, radicalism has become a subject of debate among religious groups, especially radical religious movements such as the FPI (Front Pembela Islam, Islamic Defenders' Front and the Laskar Jihad (Holy War Fighters. One of the issues debated is whether the term 'radical' is appropriate and indeed reflects their characteristics. Or, what is the right term to use for these groups. An Islamic movement, as one variant of social movements, is a collective first by an Islamic group to use Islamic teaching's norms and values as the foundation of economic, social, cultural and political life. In this context, Islam is not merely understood as a doctrine that regulates relations between man and God, but also as the basis of political life and as the foundation of the state.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v16i1.492

Tasman .

2009-04-01

416

Impact of afforestation on long term 137Cs and 90Sr recycling from a wa burial in the Chernobyl Red Forest  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

the transfer of 90Sr and 137Cs to 15 years-old Scots pine trees (Pinus sylvestris L.) growing at the Chernobyl Pilot, Site, directly on the trench no.22 and outside the trench. The radio-nuclide flux and migration were studied and annual fluxes for 137Cs and 90Sr determined (author)(tk)

417

In situ biomonitoring of juvenile Chinook salmon (Onchorhynchus tshawytscha) using biomarkers of chemical exposures and effects in a partially remediated urbanized waterway of the Puget Sound, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In situ biomonitoring has been used to assess the effects of pollution on aquatic species in heavily polluted waterways. In the current study, we used in situ biomonitoring in conjunction with molecular biomarker analysis to determine the effects of pollutant exposure in salmon caged in the Duwamish waterway, a Pacific Northwest Superfund site that has been subject to remediation. The Duwamish waterway is an important migratory route for Pacific salmon and has received historic inputs of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Juvenile pre-smolt Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) caged for 8 days in the three contaminated sites in close proximity within the Duwamish were analyzed for steady state hepatic mRNA expression of 7 exposure biomarker genes encompassing several gene families and known to be responsive to pollutants, including cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) and CYP2K1, glutathione S-transferase ? class (GST-?), microsomal GST (mGST), glutamylcysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC), UDP-glucuronyltransferase family 1 (UDPGT), and type 2 deiodinase (type 2 DI, or D2). Quantitation of gene expression was accomplished by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in assays developed specifically for Chinook salmon genes. Gill PAH-DNA adducts were assessed as a chemical effects biomarker using 32P-postlabeling. The biomarkers in the field-caged fish were analyzed with respect to cagedfish were analyzed with respect to caged animals maintained at the hatchery receiving flow-through water. Chemical analysis of sediment samples from three field sampling sites revealed relatively high concentrations of total PAHs in one site (site B2, 6711 ng/g dry weight) and somewhat lower concentrations of PAHs in two adjacent sites (sites B3 and B4, 1482 and 1987 ng/g, respectively). In contrast, waterborne PAHs at all of the sampling sites were relatively low (<1 ng/L). Sediment PCBs at the sites ranged from a low of 421 ng/g at site B3 to 1160 ng/g at site B4, and there were no detectable waterborne PCBs at any of the sites (detection limit=10 ng/L). There were no significant differences (p<0.05) in biomarker gene expression in the Duwamish-caged fish relative to controls, although there was a pattern of gene expression suppression at site B3, the most heavily PAH-enriched site. The lack of a marked perturbation of mRNA biomarkers was consistent with relatively low levels of gill PAH-DNA adduct levels that did not differ among caged reference and field fish, and which were also consistent with relatively low waterborne concentrations of chemicals. The results of our study suggest a low bioavailability of sediment pollutants in caged juvenile Chinook potentially reflecting low waterborne exposures occurring at contaminated sites within the Duwamish waterway that have undergone partial remediation.

418

Beauty and Perfection in “Ma?ãrik Anwãr el-Kul?b wa Mafãtih Asrãr el Guy?b” by Ibn al-Dabbagh ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????: ??? ???????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????????. ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ???????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????. ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? (????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ????????. ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????: (?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ?????? ???????, ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ??????. ??? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ?????.

Amany Alaakel

2008-01-01

419

CHARACTERIZATION OF PARTICULATE MATTER AND CO-POLLUTANTS EXPOSURES FOR COMPROMISED AND HEALTHY ELDERLY ADULTS IN SEATTLE, WA, 1999-2001  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents results from a 2-year comprehensive exposure assessment study that examined the PM exposures and health effects in individuals with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Forty-six COPD, 21 CV, and 42 heal...

420

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 10): USNavy Naval Undersea Warfare Engineering Station, Operable Unit 1, Keyport, WA, September 28, 1998  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The NUWC Keyport site consists of two operable units. Operable Unit 1 (OU 1) addresses Area 1 (the former base landfill) while Operable Unit 2 (OU 2) addresses the remaining Areas (Areas 2, 3, 5, 8 and 9). The chemicals of concern are chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The major components of the selected remedy are as follows: Treat CAH hot spots in the landfill by phytoremediation (using poplar trees); Remove PCB-contaminated sediments; Upgrade the tide gate; Upgrade and maintain the landfill cover; Conduct long-term monitoring; Take contingent actions for off-base domestic wells, if necessary; and implement institutional controls.

NONE

1999-03-01

 
 
 
 
421

Al-Ma’had al-Tur?th? wa Tajd?d al-Ni??m al-Ta’l?m? bi Ind?n?siy?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article explores some aspects of pesantren education with respect to the plan to consolidate the administration of both Islamic and secular education system. This is an important matter since there are certain basic weaknesses in the national educational system that call for attention, including problems of students' empowerment and the content of education. Since pesantren has a relatively good record in training and education, it can contribute its experience in the development of national education as whole. Previous studies show that the system of pesantren education has two strengths. First, the presence of a strong interest in learning among the santi (students of pesantren or, in educational terms, a high level of mastery learning. The second aspect in which pesantren is strong is in the participation of community. The establishment of pesantrens all over Indonesia basically reflected the demand as well as the need of communities themselves, and because of that the participation of communities in running individual institutions is quite high.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v7i1.719

Fuad Fachruddin

2014-03-01

422

Physical and chemical mutagenesis of early mutant of indica restorers in ''WA'' (wild abortion) hybrid rice system and genetic analysis of mutants in heterosis utilization  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The four indica restorers in the wild abortion hybrid rice system were treated with physical and chemical mutagens, and the mutation frequency in the M2 generation and the correlation between the heading date of the mutants and other characters were investigated

423

Public health assessment for Bonneville Power Administration Ross Complex (USDOE), Vancouver, Clark County, Washington, Region 10. Cerclis No. WA1891406349. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Ross Complex in Vancouver, Washington, is an active power distribution facility that coordinates the distribution of hydroelectic power to areas throughout the Pacific Northwest. During the course of past operations, various heavy metals, as well as organic and inorganic compounds, were used and improperly disposed of into trenches and storm drains. Contamination of soils, water, and air resulted. Contamination detected at the city's groundwater well station, southwest of the complex, was attributed to a source other than the Ross Complex. A number of private wells in the site vicinity are being used as sources of water; however, they are not expected to be affected by contamination from the Ross complex because of the direction of groundwater flow. Therefore, ATSDR believes that the site poses no apparent public health hazard.

1994-09-28

424

Comments on ``The Einstein-Hilbert Lagrangian Density in a 2-dimensional Spacetime is an Exact Differential'' by R. da Rocha and W.A. Rodrigues, Jr  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We argue that the recent result of da Rocha and Rodrigues that in two dimensional spacetime the Lagrangian of tetrad gravity is an exact differential [1], despite the claim of the authors, neither proves the Jackiw conjecture [2], nor contradicts to the conclusion of [3]. This demonstrates that the tetrad formulation is different from the metric formulation of the Einstein-Hilbert action.

Kiriushcheva, N.; Kuzmin, S. V.

2006-01-01

425

[Cloning and expression analysis of drought-tolerant and wa-ter-saving related gene PmMYB in broomcorn millet].  

Science.gov (United States)

Exploring novel genes and gene combinations are of primary importance in plant drought-tolerance and water-saving research. Based on the EST sequence of MYB gene obtained in the research on molecular basis of drought-tolerance and water-saving in broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.), a 1 739 bp genomic sequence of MYB gene, designated PmMYB, was amplified using primers based on this EST sequence and that of rice MYB18. Sequence analysis indicated that PmMYB consisted of 2 introns, 121 bp (347-467 bp) and 93 bp (599-691 bp) in length respectively, and 3 extrons. The full-length cDNA sequence of PmMYB is 1 525 bp, which includes 212 bp 3' untranslated region, 41 bp 5' untranslated region, and 1 272 bp coding region which encodes 424 amino acids with a serine-rich region. PmMYB is a typical R2, R3-MYB transcription factor with its 2 typical DNA-binding domains (amino acid sites of 13-63 and 66-114). The multiple alignment of R2, R3 amino acid repeat regions of MYB genes among broomcorn millet, rice, corn, loblolly pine, Arabidopsis, capsicum, upland cotton, barley and aubergine indicates that R2, R3 repeat regions are very conserved. The phylogenetic analysis based on amino acid sequence shows that MYB genes are highly divergent with similarity ranging from 32% to 84%. PmMYB has the highest similarity (84%) with MYB18 gene of rice, whereas 46% and 41% with barley and corn, respectively. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR confirmed that PmMYB was upregulated by water stress and re-watering in broomcorn millet. Cloning this gene may provide a good foundation to improve the drought-tolerance and water-saving in broomcorn millet as well as in other plants. PMID:18332009

Hu, Yin-Gang; Lin, Fan-Yun; Wang, Shi-Qiang; He, Bei-Ru

2008-03-01

426

Recent progress in 'bioelectronics' research. Part 4. ; Recent trends in biosensor research and development. Baioerekutoronikusu eno michi (shorai wa saibogu mo). 4. ; Baiosensa gijutsu saizensen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Biosensors are structured basing on a variety of principles. The latest trend of the research and development of biosensors is introduced to explain how the five senses such as taste sense and olfactory sense are detected. A biosensor is structured by combining biological element with a transducer which converts the result measured by the said element into electrical signal. Enzyme is most widely used at present. The enzyme recognizes a chemical substance very closely, and has a feature of promoting its reaction only. Chemical substances, therefore, can be distinguished if this enzyme is used. The principle of the biosensor is explained quoting the enzyme sensor as an example. Immune reaction and microbe reaction can be monitored by the similar principle to the above-mentioned principle. Sensors for measuring substances which are the bases of taste have been developed. Studies on smell sensors are also actively carried on, and the quartz oscillator is used mainly. 4 refs., 4 figs.

Karube, I. (The Univ. of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology)

1994-02-20

427

Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Science.gov (United States)

Skip to Main Content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Print Page E-mail Page Search: Please wait while this form is being loaded.... Home Browse by Resource Type Browse by Area of Research Research Networks Funding Information About

428

Annual Conference on Nuclear and Space Radiation Effects, 18th, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, July 21-24, 1981, Proceedings  

Science.gov (United States)

Single event upset phenomena are discussed, taking into account cosmic ray induced errors in IIL microprocessors and logic devices, single event upsets in NMOS microprocessors, a prediction model for bipolar RAMs in a high energy ion/proton environment, the search for neutron-induced hard errors in VLSI structures, soft errors due to protons in the radiation belt, and the use of an ion microbeam to study single event upsets in microcircuits. Basic mechanisms in materials and devices are examined, giving attention to gamma induced noise in CCD's, the annealing of MOS capacitors, an analysis of photobleaching techniques for the radiation hardening of fiber optic data links, a hardened field insulator, the simulation of radiation damage in solids, and the manufacturing of radiation resistant optical fibers. Energy deposition and dosimetry is considered along with SGEMP/IEMP, radiation effects in devices, space radiation effects and spacecraft charging, EMP/SREMP, and aspects of fabrication, testing, and hardness assurance.

Tasca, D. M.

1981-01-01

429

Human race evolving into the space human race. Can human race overcome three walls; Jinrui wa uchujin e shinka wo hazimeta. Koerareruka mittsu no kabe  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Human stepped the space for the first time in the year 1961. `Space human race` is a human tribe which can freely live in the space having no air and water with the help of science and technology. Human race already possesses the seed of science and technology necessary for overcoming the first `wall of science and technology` that should be overcome by human race in order to evolve into space human race. However, environmental destruction of sea, air, forest and so forth has been already started in a global scale. Whether the human race can overcome the second wall `freeze the civilization` that is necessary to overcome in order to evolve into space human race. There is no age without war since the start of human civilization. Whether it is possible to overcome the most difficult barrier, the third wall `not to involve in war`. Human race can not settle in space and can not become space human race by constructing space colony if they continue to fight each other even though they may have high level of science and technology. 6 figs.

Kikuyama, N. [The Human Race Evolving into the Space Human Race, Tokyo (Japan)

1998-05-20

430

Campaign for popularization of the hand-made small size windmills; Tezukuri kogata fusha no fukyu keimo (kaze wa hatashite energy ka)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Ready-made small windmills and hand-made ones now gaining popularity are introduced. Approximately 202 applications of small windmills are known in Japan, those for household purposes involving pumping, lighting, and armature radio, and those in the public sector involving emergency power supply, battery charging, light beacons, power for isolated relay stations and mountain villas, aeration, sewage purification, heating, and monument illumination. Rotor configurations include the propeller/up, Savonius, straight Darrieus, and sail wings. The author introduces two of his own windmills, one a combination of sail wings and straight Darrieus rotors and the other a propeller type 1650mm-diameter three-blade windmill. The former has a sail-wing rotor whose starting torque is large enough to drive a Darrieus rotor, which cannot self-start when under load even in the presence of wind, until its circumstantial speed reaches a value approximately three times higher than the wind speed. The latter has two generators of which the self-excited type is usually connected while an exciting current is supplied to the separately-excited type when the wind is strong. 4 refs., 9 figs., 4 tabs.

Matsumoto, F. [Yamaha Corp., Shizuoka (Japan)

1997-05-31

431

Drivers for change: Western Australia Patient Blood Management Program (WA PBMP), World Health Assembly (WHA) and Advisory Committee on Blood Safety and Availability (ACBSA).  

Science.gov (United States)

Patient blood management is now high on national and international health-system agendas. Serious supply challenges as a result of changing population dynamics, escalating cost of blood, ongoing safety challenges and questions about transfusion efficacy and outcomes are necessitating change in transfusion practice. Numerous initiatives are underway to bring about change, including the institution of comprehensive patient blood management programmes. In 2008, the Western Australia Department of Health initiated a 5-year project to implement a comprehensive health-system-wide Patient Blood Management Program with the aim of improving patient outcomes while reducing costs. Clinically, the Program was structured on the three pillars of patient blood management, namely (1) optimising the patient's own red cell mass, (2) minimising blood loss and (3) harnessing and optimising the patient-specific anaemia reserve. It employs multiple strategies to bring about a cultural change from a blood-product focus to a patient focus. This Program was undertaken in a State that already had one of the lowest red blood cell issuance rates per 1000 population in the developed world (30.47 red blood cell units per 1000 population). The Program identified reasons and drivers for practice change. From financial years 2008-09 to 2011-12, issuance has progressively decreased in Western Australia to 27.54 units per 1000. During the same years, despite increasing activity, total issuance of red blood cells to the entire State decreased from 70,103 units to 65,742. Nationally and internationally, other initiatives are underway to bring about change and implement patient blood management. The World Health Assembly in May 2010 adopted resolution WHA63.12 endorsing patient blood management and its three-pillar application. The United States Advisory Committee on Blood Safety and Availability met in 2011 to consider the implications of this resolution and its implementation. PMID:23590915

Farmer, Shannon L; Towler, Simon C; Leahy, Michael F; Hofmann, Axel

2013-03-01

432

Annual Report: 2010-2011 Storm Season Sampling For NON-DRY DOCK STORMWATER MONITORING FOR PUGET SOUND NAVAL SHIPYARD, BREMERTON, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This interim report summarizes the stormwater monitoring conducted for non-dry dock outfalls in both the confined industrial area and the residential areas of Naval Base Kitsap within the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (referred to as the Shipyard). This includes the collection, analyses, and descriptive statistics for stormwater sampling conducted from November 2010 through April 2011. Seven stormwater basins within the Shipyard were sampled during at least three storm events to characterize non-dry dock stormwater discharges at selected stormwater drains located within the facility. This serves as the Phase I component of the project and Phase II is planned for the 2011-2012 storm season. These data will assist the Navy, USEPA, Ecology and other stakeholders in understanding the nature and condition of stormwater discharges from the Shipyard and inform the permitting process for new outfall discharges. The data from Phase I was compiled with current stormwater data available from the Shipyard, Sinclair/Dyes Inlet watershed, and Puget Sound in order to support technical investigations for the Draft NPDES permit. The permit would require storm event sampling at selected stormwater drains located within the Shipyard. However, the data must be considered on multiple scales to truly understand potential impairments to beneficial uses within Sinclair and Dyes Inlets.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhardt, Christine; Hsu, Larry

2012-09-01

433

Global environment, economic growth and energies. ; Burden of environmental tax is not that heavy. Chikyu kankyo to keizai seicho to energy. ; Kankyozei no futan wa sorehodo omokunai  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes the following matters related to global environment, economic growth and energies. The debut of global environmental problems on the Japanese mass communications scene after 1988 is represented by the four reasons including the changes in political situations as a result of termination of the cold war, and the changes in economic policy targets from 'efficiency' to 'fairness'. Global environmental problems may be divided into five areas by causes. The global warming problem among them is serious because it is in a relationship neither too close to nor too remote from the present civilized society. As a measure to this problem, European countries have been working positively on introduction of an environmental tax, while the U.S. Bush administration has been extremely negative to its introduction. Attitudes of the Japanese Government toward the environmental tax are ambiguous, and the steel and petroleum industries are opposing to its introduction, but burden of the environmental tax would not be that heavy. In addition, the paper indicates that population increase is a difficult question affecting greatly the global environment.

Sawa, T. (Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan))

1993-01-05

434

Al-?arakah al-Fikr?yah wa al-Tur?th ‘Inda al-Shaykh Ihsan Jampes Kediri: Mul??a?ah Tamh?d?yah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper tries to present an early discussion on tradition and intellectual movement of Kyai Ihsan Jampes, which has not been intellectually discussed. From various legitimate sources, there are 12 religious work written by Kyai Ihsan Jampes, both in printed forms and manuscript. It worth noted, different from general works of ulama in the Malay-Indonesia world, Kyai Ihsan Jampes had never learned Islam from Middle East ulama. He had only visited Mecca and Medina, which are the center of Islamic knowledge, once. And it was purely for pilgrimage purposes. However, this did not prevent him to be a productive writer.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v11i3.598

Ahmad Barizi

2004-12-01

435

Al-Shaykh A?mad al-Rif?‘? wa Siy?q?yat al-Shar?‘ah al-Islam?yah: Dir?sah ‘alá Kitab Takhyirah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Kitab Takhyirah is a tarjumah book comprises of Kiai Ahmad Rifa'i Kalisalak's thoughts on Islam from its various aspects, such as 'aqidah, shari'ah, and akhlaq. The book consists about ideas that can be considered provocative in the context of Islamic thinking in the nineteenth century especially in Java and generally in Nusantara. Through Takhyirah, Kiai Ahmad Rifa'i has disseminated his notions on the unification of the various doctrinal aspects of Islam. He is different from the general ulama who tend to separate one aspect of Islam with other aspects. For example, Kiai Ahmad Rifa'i argued that Islamic syariah includes usul (akidah aspect, fiqh (Islamic law aspect, and tasawuf (akhlak and spiritual aspect.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v19i1.372 

M. Adib Misbachul Islam

2012-04-01

436

In Search of an Islamic Leader: Malay Perceptions of Ibn Sa’?d Triumph and the Domination of the Wa???b?s in Saudi Arabia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since becoming Muslim, the Malays have highly revered Hijaz and its 'ulama', and have seen them as a source of religious and political authority when the need for an authoritative decision arises. Even though historically Hijaz was exceptionally meaningful to the Malays, even for elucidating political questions, in Malaya there was no indication that the people were concerned with doctrinal or political developments with regard to the rise of Ibn Sa'ud's family and the early domination of the Wahhabis in the region, until the outbreak of the rivalry between Sharif Husayn and 'Abd al-Aziz Ibn Sa'ud after Worid War I.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v11i2.602

Mohammad Redzuan Othman

2004-08-01

437

In situ biomonitoring of juvenile Chinook salmon (Onchorhynchus tshawytscha) using biomarkers of chemical exposures and effects in a partially remediated urbanized waterway of the Puget Sound, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In situ biomonitoring has been used to assess the effects of pollution on aquatic species in heavily polluted waterways. In the current study, we used in situ biomonitoring in conjunction with molecular biomarker analysis to determine the effects of pollutant exposure in salmon caged in the Duwamish waterway, a Pacific Northwest Superfund site that has been subject to remediation. The Duwamish waterway is an important migratory route for Pacific salmon and has received historic inputs of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Juvenile pre-smolt Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) caged for 8 days in the three contaminated sites in close proximity within the Duwamish were analyzed for steady state hepatic mRNA expression of 7 exposure biomarker genes encompassing several gene families and known to be responsive to pollutants, including cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) and CYP2K1, glutathione S-transferase {pi} class (GST-{pi}), microsomal GST (mGST), glutamylcysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC), UDP-glucuronyltransferase family 1 (UDPGT), and type 2 deiodinase (type 2 DI, or D2). Quantitation of gene expression was accomplished by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in assays developed specifically for Chinook salmon genes. Gill PAH-DNA adducts were assessed as a chemical effects biomarker using {sup 32}P-postlabeling. The biomarkers in the field-caged fish were analyzed with respect to caged animals maintained at the hatchery receiving flow-through water. Chemical analysis of sediment samples from three field sampling sites revealed relatively high concentrations of total PAHs in one site (site B2, 6711 ng/g dry weight) and somewhat lower concentrations of PAHs in two adjacent sites (sites B3 and B4, 1482 and 1987 ng/g, respectively). In contrast, waterborne PAHs at all of the sampling sites were relatively low (<1 ng/L). Sediment PCBs at the sites ranged from a low of 421 ng/g at site B3 to 1160 ng/g at site B4, and there were no detectable waterborne PCBs at any of the sites (detection limit=10 ng/L). There were no significant differences (p<0.05) in biomarker gene expression in the Duwamish-caged fish relative to controls, although there was a pattern of gene expression suppression at site B3, the most heavily PAH-enriched site. The lack of a marked perturbation of mRNA biomarkers was consistent with relatively low levels of gill PAH-DNA adduct levels that did not differ among caged reference and field fish, and which were also consistent with relatively low waterborne concentrations of chemicals. The results of our study suggest a low bioavailability of sediment pollutants in caged juvenile Chinook potentially reflecting low waterborne exposures occurring at contaminated sites within the Duwamish waterway that have undergone partial remediation.

Browne, Eva [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, 4225 Roosevelt Way Northeast, Suite 100, Seattle, WA 98105-6099 (United States); Kelley, Matthew; Zhou, Guo-Dong; He, Ling Yu; McDonald, Thomas; Wang, Shirley [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843-1266 (United States); Duncan, Bruce [US Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98101 (United States); Meador, James [Ecotoxicology Division, National Marine Fisheries Service, Seattle, WA 98105 (United States); Donnelly, Kirby [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843-1266 (United States); Gallagher, Evan, E-mail: evang3@u.washington.edu [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, 4225 Roosevelt Way Northeast, Suite 100, Seattle, WA 98105-6099 (United States)

2010-10-15

438

77 FR 67403 - Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance  

Science.gov (United States)

...Commission as a member of a domestic industry in an investigation resulting...Logan Industries.......... Spokane...Working On-Site at Logan Industries. 81,861...Maryland Pig Services L.P. Sparrows...

2012-11-09

439

36 CFR Appendix B to Part 72 - List of Eligible Jurisdictions  

Science.gov (United States)

...California Spartanburg, South Carolina Spokane, Washington...Waterbury, Connecticut West Haven, Connecticut West New York...Winston-Salem, North Carolina Winter Haven, Florida Woonsocket, Rhode...New Jersey Charleston Co., South Carolina Cook Co.,...

2010-07-01

440

36 CFR Appendix B to Part 72 - List of Eligible Jurisdictions  

Science.gov (United States)

...Carolina Spokane, Washington Springfield, Massachusetts...New York Tacoma, Washington Tampa, Florida ...Indiana Texarkana, Arkansas Texarkana, Texas...Michigan Yakima, Washington Yauco, Puerto Rico... Youngstown, Ohio Counties Eligible for the...

2010-07-01

 
 
 
 
441

76 FR 43653 - Notice of Petitions by Firms for Determination of Eligibility To Apply for Trade Adjustment...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Building 14, PO parts using mainly cold-rolled steel, Box 15288, Spokane stainless steel and...Herbalix Restoratives, LLC.... PO Box 65346, Port 07/13/2011 The firm...uses recycled polypropylene, PO Box 1690, Sumner, PET, and...

2011-07-21

442

47 CFR 90.903 - Competitive bidding mechanisms.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Honolulu, Los Angeles-San Diego, Phoenix, Portland, Salt Lake City, San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, Seattle (including...Spokane-Billings; and, American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands. [67 FR 45377, July 9,...

2010-10-01

443

40 CFR 49.10831-49.10850 - [Reserved  

Science.gov (United States)

40 Protection of Environment ...10831-49.10850 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS...Spokane Reservation, Washington §§ 49.10831-49...Plan for the Squaxin Island Tribe of the...

2010-07-01

444

40 CFR Appendix B to Part 300 - National Priorities List  

Science.gov (United States)

...ChehalisCWA Boomsnub/AircoVancouverS WACentralia Municipal Landfill...C WAFrontier Hard Chrome, IncVancouver WAGeneral Electric Co. (Spokane...Landfill (Kent Hghlnds) KentCWA Vancouver Water Station #1...

2010-07-01

445

A view of the West Hall from the target region  

CERN Multimedia

Beams are being lay out. Starting from the left one sees the S1 and E1A/H1A beam lines pointing to Omega magnet, the H1B beam towards WA3 and WA7 experiments, the hyperon beam Y1, the H3 beam (WA9, WA6, Wa5), the S3 beam to BEBC.

1976-01-01

446

Lake Roosevelt White Sturgeon Recovery Project : Annual Progress Report, January 2003 – March 2004.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes catch data collected from white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus in Lake Roosevelt during limited setlining and gill netting activities in the fall of 2003, and documents progress toward development of a U.S. white sturgeon cons