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Sample records for j-3 spokane wa

  1. 75 FR 24789 - Modification of Jet Route J-3; Spokane, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-06

    ...09-ANM-21] Modification of Jet Route J-3; Spokane, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation...SUMMARY: This action modifies Jet Route J-3 by terminating the route at the Spokane...of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to modify J-3 Spokane, WA. (75 FR 5703)....

  2. 75 FR 5703 - Proposed Modification of Jet Route J-3; Spokane, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-04

    ...09-ANM-21] Proposed Modification of Jet Route J-3; Spokane, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation...This action proposes to modify Jet Route J-3 by terminating the route at the Spokane...14 CFR) part 71 to remove the segment of J-3 that extends from the Spokane...

  3. 75 FR 58429 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-24

    ...Completion: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA AGENCY: National Park...possession of the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, aka Eastern Washington State Historical...made by the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture professional staff in consultation...

  4. 77 FR 25742 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    ...Completion: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA; Correction AGENCY: National...possession of The Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, formerly Eastern Washington State Historical...Made by the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture Officials of The Northwest Museum of...

  5. 75 FR 58424 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-24

    ...Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA AGENCY: National Park...possession of the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, aka Eastern Washington State Historical...Society (now Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture), University of Washington, and...

  6. 77 FR 25736 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    ...Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA; Correction AGENCY: National...possession of the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, formerly Eastern Washington State Historical...Determinations of the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture Officials of the Northwest Museum of...

  7. 75 FR 58424 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture... to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, aka Eastern Washington State Historical Society, Spokane, WA, that meet the definition of unassociated funerary...

  8. Neutron activation analysis of air-filters collected in Spokane, WA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    More than 2200 atmospheric particulate matter filters were collected from 1995 through 2002 in the Spokane, WA area for the Spokane Air-Filters Project. The samples were sent to the US EPA in Research Triangle Park, NC for energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis and then delivered to the Washington State University Nuclear Radiation Center for neutron activation analysis (NAA). There were 28 elements of interest for the NAA portion of the project; however, due to detector efficiencies, background effects, and composition loading on each filter, only 15 of the 28 elements analyzed for produced valid results above the detection limit due to Compton background noise and blank subtraction. The 15 detectable elements with their six year average with associated 95% confidence interval concentrations in ng/m3 are: As (0.384±0.88), K (50.0±194), La (0.051±0.0251), Na (61.9±421), Sm (0.00928±0.072), Au (0.00154±0.149), Br (1.06±1.5), Ce (0.164±0.969), Co (0.0399±0.122), Cr (0.479±3.31), Fe (110±227), Sb (0.474±1.64), Sc (0.0197±0.00548), Th (0.011±0.0603), and Zn (12.4±32.6). (author)

  9. 78 FR 2428 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-11

    ...affiliation with the cultural items should contact...intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession...WA, that meet the definition of unassociated funerary...that has control of the cultural items. The National...relationship of shared group identity that can be...

  10. WA18

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    Front view. The target plates are cut from marble (3x3 m slabs surrounded by magnetized iron) and allow the use of the calorimeter as a muon polarimeter. WA18 was CHARM, the experiment of the CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome(INFN)-Moskow(ITEP) Collaboration

  11. Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2002 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Willpinit, WA)

    2003-03-01

    The Spokane Tribal Hatchery (Galbraith Springs) project originated from the Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC) 1987 Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. The goal of this project is to aid in the restoration and enhancement of the Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake fisheries adversely affected by the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam. The objective is to produce kokanee salmon and rainbow trout for release into Lake Roosevelt for maintaining a viable fishery. The goal and objective of this project adheres to the NPPC Resident Fish Substitution Policy and specifically to the biological objectives addressed in the NPPC Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program to mitigate for hydropower related fish losses in the blocked area above Chief Joseph/Grand Coulee Dams.

  12. Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2005 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2006-03-01

    Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting harvestable fisheries for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). The Spokane Tribe, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Colville Confederated Tribes and Lake Roosevelt Development Association/Lake Roosevelt Volunteer Net Pen Project are cooperating in a comprehensive artificial production program to produce kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) for annual releases into the project area. The program consists of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. The Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake Fisheries Evaluation Program monitor and evaluates release strategies and production methods for the aforementioned projects. Between 1985 and 2005 the projects have collectively produced up to 800,000 rainbow trout and 4 million kokanee salmon for release into Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry for Banks Lake annually. In 2005, the annual release goal included 3.3 million kokanee fry, 475,000 kokanee yearlings and 500,000 rainbow trout yearlings. Fish produced by this project in 2005 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 3,446,438 kokanee fingerlings, 347,730 rainbow trout fingerlings and 525,721 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Meadow Creek and Lake Whatcom kokanee, diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2004 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to rainbow trout catch and harvest rates while the impact on the kokanee fishery was minimal. Success of the Lake Roosevelt kokanee artificial production program appears to be limited primarily owing to predation, precocity and high entrainment rates through Grand Coulee Dam. Recommendations for future hatchery/net pen operations include use of stocks compatible or native to the upper Columbia River, continue kokanee fry and post-smolt releases, 100% triploid hatchery stock rainbow trout used and adipose fin clip hatchery stock rainbow trout prior to release. The Spokane Tribal Hatchery is funded by the Bonneville Power Administration under directives by the Northwest Power Conservation Council Columbia River Basin Fish & Wildlife Program, Resident Fish Substitution Measures, 1987 to current (Subbasin Plan), as partial mitigation for anadromous and resident fish losses in the blocked areas above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams.

  13. InSAR Evidence for the Spokane Fault, an Active Shallow Thrust Fault Beneath the City of Spokane Washington, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wicks, C.; Weaver, C. S.; Bodin, P.; Sherrod, B. L.

    2012-12-01

    In 2001 a nearly five month long sequence of shallow, mostly small magnitude earthquakes occurred beneath Spokane, a city with a population of about 200,000, in the state of Washington. The Spokane area, an area of low background seismicity, is on the northeastern edge of the Columbia Basin, a physiographic province largely covered with Miocene flood basalts of the Columbia River Basalt Group. The earthquake sequence appears to have begun with an isolated magnitude 2 earthquake on May 24, 2001, but began in earnest with a magnitude 3.9 earthquake on June 25, 2001 and ended on November 23, 2001, with a total of 105 earthquakes recorded up to a magnitude 4. During most of the sequence, the earthquakes were not well located because seismic instrumentation was sparse. Despite poor-quality locations, the earthquake hypocenters were likely very shallow, because residents in small areas of Spokane reported feeling many of the earthquakes in the sequence and hearing explosion-like noises associated with some of the earthquakes. Using interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from the European Space Agency ERS2 and ENVISAT satellites and the Canadian Space Agency RADARSAT-1 satellite we are able to show that slip on a shallow previously unknown thrust fault, that we name the Spokane Fault, is the source of the earthquake sequence. The fault strikes northeast, dips ~30 degrees to the northwest, and the maximum slip was ~45 mm. The part of the Spokane Fault that slipped during the 2001 earthquake sequence underlies the north part of the city, and slip on the fault was concentrated between ~0.3 and 2 km depth. Projecting the buried fault plane to the surface gives a possible surface trace for the Spokane Fault; it strikes northeast from the city center into north Spokane. An accurate assessment of the hazard potential of the Spokane Fault requires additional studies to delineate the fault and map the subsurface geology.

  14. Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2004 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2005-03-01

    Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting a harvestable fishery for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). A collaborative multi-agency artificial production program for the Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake fisheries exists consisting of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and the Lake Roosevelt Kokanee and Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. These projects operate complementary of one another to target an annual release of 1 million yearling kokanee and 500,000 yearling rainbow trout for Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry/fingerlings for Banks Lake. Fish produced by this project in 2004 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 1,655,722 kokanee fingerlings, 537,783 rainbow trout fingerlings and 507,660 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Lake Whatcom kokanee, 50:50 diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2004 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to harvestable rainbow trout and kokanee salmon fisheries. An increase in kokanee harvest was primarily owing to new release strategies. Walleye predation, early maturity and entrainment through Grand Coulee Dam continues to have a negative impact on adult kokanee returns and limits the success of hatchery/net pen stocking on the number of harvestable fish. Recommendations for future hatchery/net pen operations include use of stocks compatible or native to the upper Columbia River, continue hatchery-rearing practices to reduce precocity rates of kokanee and continue new kokanee stocking strategies associated with increased kokanee harvest rates.

  15. 77 FR 24976 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-26

    ...Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino and Mixed Use Project, City of Airway Heights, Spokane County...Statement (DEIS) for the Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains casino and mixed use project, City of Airway Heights, Spokane...

  16. At WA18

    CERN Multimedia

    1978-01-01

    By July 1978 the CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome-Moskow Collaboration (CHARM) has set up the experiment WA18, behind WA1 (on the right), in the neutrino wide-band (WBB) and narrow-band (NBB) beams, at the West Area Neutrino Facility (WANF)and started data taking data.

  17. Surface-water/ground-water interaction of the Spokane River and the Spokane Valley/Rathdrum Prairie aquifer, Idaho and Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, Rodney R.; Bowers, Craig L.

    2003-01-01

    Historical mining in the Coeur d’Alene River Basin of northern Idaho has resulted in elevated concentrations of some trace metals (particularly cadmium, lead, and zinc) in water and sediment of Coeur d’Alene Lake and downstream in the Spokane River in Idaho and Washington. These elevated trace-metal concentrations in the Spokane River have raised concerns about potential contamination of ground water in the underlying Spokane Valley/Rathdrum Prairie aquifer, the primary source of drinking water for the city of Spokane and surrounding areas. A study conducted as part of the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Water-Quality Assessment Program examined the interaction of the river and aquifer using hydrologic and chemical data along a losing reach of the Spokane River. The river and ground water were extensively monitored over a range of hydrologic conditions at a streamflow-gaging station and 25 monitoring wells situated from 40 to 3,500 feet from the river. River stage, ground-water levels, water temperature, and specific conductance were measured hourly to biweekly. Water samples were collected on nearly a monthly basis between 1999 and 2001 from the Spokane River and were collected up to nine times between June 2000 and August 2001 from the monitoring wells.

  18. Solar-energy-system performance evaluation, General Electric Spokane operational test site, Spokane, Washington, October 1980 - March 1981

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welch, K. M.

    1981-09-01

    The General Electric-Spokane site is a YWCA building in Washington. The active solar energy system is designed to supply 45% of the heating load, 20% of the hot water load, and 60% of the pool heating load. It is equipped with 5,222 square feet of evacuated tube collectors, 6,700 gallons of water for heat storage, and an auxiliary natural gas-fired boiler. The solar fraction, solar savings ratio, conventional fuel savings, system performance factor, and solar savings ratio, conventional fuel savings, system performance factor, and solar system coefficient of performance is given, as well as performance data for the collector, storage, domestic hot water, space heating and pool heating subsystems, operating energy, energy savings, and weather conditions.

  19. At WA11

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    Starting with february 1977 the WA5 spectrometer of the Indiana-Saclay Collaboration originally designed to study hadron backward scattering on protons, and later modified by the Indiana-Imperial College (London)-Saclay-Southampton Collaboration, was used (experiment WA11) to search for high mass states produced with the J/psi. On the left, Tom Marshall moves in a beam hodoscope. On the right, at the entrance of the Goliath magnet, one sees the 1 m long hydrogen target. (Later the set-up was reshuffled, and the hydrogen target was replaced by a set of Be targets located upstream of the magnet.)

  20. At WA3

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    Installation of one half of the photon calorimeter as a part of the multiparticle spectrometer of the ACCMOR Collaboration (WA3). The calorimeter was 28 radiation lengths deep and consisted of two identical blocks of 40 scintillator planes with 2 cm wide elements, interleaved with layers of lead 4 mm thick. Robert Klanner stands on the right (see photo 7710073).

  1. Preparing for WA34

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    Following a proposal by a CERN-Florence-Genova Collaboration to study charmed particles photoproduced in emulsion plates tagged by the Omega apparatus triggers, WA34 was a test exposure to demonstrate the validity of the experimental method. Here (centre) Giordano Diambrini-Palazzi inside the Omega magnet. the validity of the experimental method.

  2. 78 FR 2428 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-11

    ... appropriate Indian tribe, has determined that the cultural items meet the definition of unassociated funerary... National Park Service Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture... cultural items may contact the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture. DATES: Representatives of any...

  3. 78 FR 7448 - Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ...Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino and Mixed Use Project, City of Airway...the Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino and Mixed Use Project, City of Airway...Interior; and (2) development of a casino-resort facility, parking...

  4. 77 FR 12873 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ...Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino and Mixed Use Project, City of Airway...the Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains casino and mixed use project, City of Airway...Interior; and (2) development of a casino-resort facility, parking...

  5. EPCGen2 Pseudorandom Number Generators: Analysis of J3Gen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Peinado

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the cryptographic security of J3Gen, a promising pseudo random number generator for low-cost passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID tags. Although J3Gen has been shown to fulfill the randomness criteria set by the EPCglobal Gen2 standard and is intended for security applications, we describe here two cryptanalytic attacks that question its security claims: (i a probabilistic attack based on solving linear equation systems; and (ii a deterministic attack based on the decimation of the output sequence. Numerical results, supported by simulations, show that for the specific recommended values of the configurable parameters, a low number of intercepted output bits are enough to break J3Gen. We then make some recommendations that address these issues.

  6. Ecological indicators of water quality in the Spokane River, Idaho and Washington, 1998 and 1999

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacCoy, Dorene E.; Maret, Terry R.

    2003-01-01

    A water-quality investigation of the Spokane River was completed during summer low-flow conditions in 1998 and 1999 as part of the USGS NAWQA Program, in cooperation with the WDOE. (Abbreviations used in this report are defined on the last page.) Samples for analyses of water chemistry; bed sediment; aquatic communities (fish, macroinvertebrates, and algae); contaminants in tissue (fish and macroinvertebrates); and associated measures of habitat were collected at six sites downstream from Coeur d’Alene Lake between river miles 63 and 100. These data provided baseline information to evaluate the water-quality status of the Spokane River and can be used to determine the ecological risk to aquatic organisms from contaminants.

  7. Observations of CO J = 3 ? 2 emission from molecular clouds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Extensive observations in the J = 3 ? 2 transition of carbon monoxide at 345 GHz (870 ?m) have been obtained using an indium anti-monide heterodyne spectral-line receiver with the United Kingdom 3.8-m Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) at Mauna Kea. Mapping observations of up to 1/2 deg2 areas are reported towards the sources NGC 1333, 2023, 2024 and 2068. These maps, obtained with a 55-arcsec beam, reveal a number of new molecular hotspots as well as confirming the previous detection of molecular cool-spots. High-quality spectra have been obtained towards the self-absorbed sources NGC 1333 IRS-1, NGC 2071, Mon R2, AFGL 961 and DR 21. These spectra are similar to those observed in lower CO transitions, but there is a tendency for the redshifted wing to be enhanced in the J = 3 ? 2 transition. Spectral observations are also reported for L 1551/HH-29. Analysis of the variation of gas kinetic temperature around several of the mapped sources shows close agreement with the expected grain kinetic temperature, assuming these sources to be irradiated by single central stars of a spectral class similar to that estimated from other methods. The present data support the previous model (from CO J = 1 ? 0 data) for NGC 2071 and show it to be a rotating cloud. (author)

  8. Hsaing Waing: Classical Ensemble of Myanmar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chalermkit Kengkeaw

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Hsaing Waing is a classical music ensemble and a prominent culturalidentity of Myanmar. The Hsaing Waing ensemble consists of many instruments such as the Pat Waing, Muang Hsaing, Hne, Chauk Lon Bat, Byaung, Wa, Wallet Kok, Yakin, Si, and Mong. The earliest historical record of the Hsaing Waing is in 1544 where the Pat Waing and possibly the Hsaing Waing, was in royal service at the court of King Tabinshwehti of the Taungoo dynasty and prospered under the Kaunbaun dynasty up to colonial rule. During colonization, Hsaing Waing’s popularity declined but other innovations were introduced such as modern recording mediums and broadcasts which transferred the popularity of Hsaing Waing to a broader public audience and brought innovation to religious music, ceremonial rituals, fusion of westernmusical instruments such as the piano, violin and mandolin. The wealth of knowledge and numbers of connoisseur during the Kaunbaun dynasty led to the transfer of knowledge to many apprentices which were responsible for the development and adaptation and continuation of Hsaing Waing during colonization, socialism and independence. The transfer of knowledge was carried out by previous generations through apprentices, family members, close relatives and inspired individuals. The factors for the successful inheritance of Hsaing Waing are management, education, musicians and opportunity.

  9. DE CHECKERS DELIVER. EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES BREAK FOR DE-TRAINED CHECKERS AND SALES PERSONNEL IN SPOKANE AREA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    JACOBS, LOWELL E.

    THE SPOKANE COMMUNITY COLLEGE PROVIDES TRAINING IN ITS DISTRIBUTIVE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT FOR RETAIL CHECKERS AND SALES PERSONNEL. THE GROCERY TRAINING IS AS LIFELIKE AS POSSIBLE IN BOTH PHYSICAL LAYOUT AND RANGE OF OPERATIONS. THE COURSE WAS DEVELOPED WITH THE HELP OF AN ADVISORY COMMITTEE INCLUDING MANAGEMENT, LABOR, AND LOCAL DISTRIBUTORS. IT…

  10. WA80 BGO calorimetry electronics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes instrumentation designed for BGO scintillator-based calorimetry of particles covering a very wide range of energies (from less than 50 MeV to 50 GeV). The instrumentation was designed to have a measurement accuracy of 0.1% over as much of the energy range as possible so the energy resolution of BGO would be the limiting factor. Two 1.5-cm2 photodiodes were used per 2.5 cm x 2.5 cm x 25 cm BGO crystal. Both a charge-sensitive preamplifier and a pulse processor were developed specifically for the needs of the WA80 experiment. The preamplifier was designed for high detector capacitance (100 to 700 pF), low integral and differential non-linearity and low power consumption (200 mW). The pulse processor is a time-invariant shaping amplifier with integral peak-detect-and-hold and automatic gain selection circuits. The amplifier use quasi-triangular shaping with 4 ?s peaking time, and the hold circuit is gated with a fast first level trigger. The system has more than 20 bits of effective resolution when used with an external 12-bit ADC. Results from beam tests at CERN are presented. 6 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab

  11. Radon and remedial action in Spokane River Valley residences: an interim report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fifty-six percent of 46 residences monitored in the Spokane River Valley in eastern Washington/northern Idaho have indoor radon concentrations above the National Council for Radiation Protection (NCRP) guidelines of 8 pCi/1. Indoor levels were over 20 pCi/1 in eight homes, and ranged up to 132 pCi/1 in one house. Radon concentrations declined by factors of 4 to 38 during summer months. Measurements of soil emanation rates, domestic water supply concentrations, and building material flux rates indicate that diffusion of radon does not significantly contribute to the high concentrations observed. Rather, radon entry is dominated by pressure-driven bulk soil gas transport, aggravated by the local subsurface soil composition and structure. A variety of radon control strategies are being evaluated in 14 of these homes. Sub-surface ventilation by depressurization and overpressurization, basement overpressurization, and crawlspace ventilation are capable of successfully reducing radon levels below 5 pCi/1 in these homes. House ventilation is appropriate in buildings with low-moderate concentrations, while sealing of cracks has been relatively ineffective

  12. FSXLIB-J3: MCNP continuous energy cross section library based on JENDL-3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The general purpose evaluated nuclear data file, JENDL-3, which was newly evaluated at Japan was released to apply the fusion reactor area and so on. The MCNP continuous energy cross section library, FSXLIB-J3, has been prepared from JENDL-3 for the fusion neutronics application. The FSXLIB-J3 library was produced by the nuclear data processing system, NJOY, and the library compiling and confirming code for the MCNP library, MACROS. The confidence of this library was established by the comparison and comfirmation between original JENDL-3 and the cross section data in library. This report describes the format of MCNP cross section library, the production procedure of FSXLIB-J3, the usage of the MACROS code and the confirmation of FSXLIB-J3. (author)

  13. Generation and verification of the multigroup constants library MGCL-J3 for nuclear criticality calculations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The new multigroup constants library called MGCL-J3 was generated from the latest Japanese evaluated nuclear data library JENDL-3. The library includes P3-scattering data and h-table to compensate for the effect of moderator mass on the resonance self-shielding factor (f-factor) due to the Bondarenko's method. Although MGCL-J3 has more information than MGCL-B-IV which was produced from American evaluated nuclear file ENDF/B-IV, it requires less memory space. MGCL-J3 can only be processed with the computer program MAIL3.0, which outputs a cross section set in a format adequate for subsequent neutron transport programs such as ANISN, KENO IV and so on. This report describes features of the MGCL-J3 library compared with the MGCL-B-IV, the method for generating the library and some results of criticality calculation by using the new library. (author)

  14. 78 FR 50099 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ...utilized the resources of this site in the pre- and post-contact period. Connections between the three groups included intermarriage between the Spokane and Kalispel people and the Spokane and Coeur d'Alene people as well as shared linguistic...

  15. Event simulation for the WA80 experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The HIJET and LUND event generators are compared. It is concluded that for detector construction and design of experimental setups, the differences between the two models are marginal. The coverage of the WA80 setup in pseudorapidity and energy is demonstrated. The performance of some of the WA80 detectors (zero-degree calorimeter, wall calorimeter, multiplicity array, and SAPHIR lead-glass detector) is evaluated based on calculations with the LUND or the HIJET codes combined with codes simulating the detector responses. 9 refs., 3 figs

  16. Results on charm physics from WA82

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experiment WA82 studies the hadroproduction of charmed mesons with a 340 GeV/c pion beam and a 370 GeV/c proton beam. The high and clean statistics of collected charms has been used to measure the differential cross section and its dependence on target nucleon number. The analysis of semileptonic decay D ? K* ev is presented. (orig.)

  17. IKAR, a ionization chamber for WA9

    CERN Multimedia

    1976-01-01

    This ionization chamber arrived at CERN from Leningrad for a high precision study of hadron elastic scattering by a CERN-Clermont-Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon-Uppsala Collaboration in the H3 beam (WA9). G.A. Korolev (third from right) looks at the drawings.

  18. 2012 USGS Lidar: Elwha River (WA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — TASK NAME: Elwha River, WA LiDAR LiDAR Data Acquisition and Processing Production Task USGS Contract No. G10PC00057 Task Order No. G11PD01088 Woolpert Order No....

  19. The revision of nuclear constant set for fast reactor, JFS-3-J3.2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiba, Gou; Hazama, Taira; Ishikawa, Makoto [Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Inst., Oarai, Ibaraki (Japan). Oarai Engineering Center

    2002-12-01

    The fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2 based on the evaluated nuclear data library JENDL-3.2 has been widely used in fast reactor analysis. However, it was recently found that there were errors in the process of making the group constant and they were revised. This set is called JFS-3-J3.2R. In this report, effects of the errors on nuclear characteristics were evaluated by a comparison with a new reactor group constant set, JFS-3-J3.2R. This report shows that the errors mainly affect removal cross section and distort neutron spectrum. As a result nuclear characteristics, such as sample Doppler reactivity and reaction rate in a blanket region, are significantly affected. However, it is also shown that other characteristics, such as criticality and sodium void reactivity, are not affected because the effects of errors are canceled out as a total integrated result. (author)

  20. Etos Kerja Pengikut Tarekat Qâdirîyah wa Naqshabandîyah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh. Saifullah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the dimensions of Sufism doctrines adhered by the followers of tarekat Qâdiriyya wa Naqshbandiyya at pesantren Suryalaya Area Coordinator East Java in Surabaya. The questions to be asked are to what extent are these followers consistent in practicing the teachings of Sufism and actively engaged in socio-religious activities, and how are spiritual, material, and social life of the members of tarekat Qâdiriyya wa Naqshbandiyya Suryalaya? The study found that the teachings of Sufism practiced by the members of TQN are actually appropriate or consistent with the teachings of Islam. Therefore, it is not true for anyone to understand that Sufism doctrines can weaken people’s work ethic and make them poor and backward. This is because Sufism is, basically, able to strengthen the work ethic and spirit. In other words, people who engage in certain tarekat would be regarded as having misunderstanding toward its doctrines when they become spiritless, lazy, and undisciplined.

  1. Recent results from CERN-WA98

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stankus, P.; WA98 Collaboration

    1997-02-01

    The CERN experiment WA98 is a general-survey, open-spectrometer experiment designed to examine 160 A GeV/c Pb+A collisions at the CERN-SPS. The experiment has a broad physics agenda, as suggested by its many different subsystems. A diagram of the experiment as it stood in 1995 is shown in the report. Detectors whose results are presented here are described briefly.

  2. Recent results from the WA98 experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent results of the WA98 experiment with Pb induced reactions at 158. A GeV are presented. The scaling properties of the transverse energy and the charged particle multiplicity at midrapidity with the number of participants is studied. Neutral pion spectra are compared to hydrodynamical parameterizations. The analysis of collective flow at target rapidity and at midrapidity is presented. The status of the study of direct photons and the search for isospin fluctuations is discussed

  3. Members of the WA9 team celebrate

    CERN Multimedia

    1976-01-01

    WA9 was an experiment set up by the Clermont Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon-Uppsala Collaboration to study with high precision elastic scattering in the Coulomb interference region. Here: A.A. Vorobyov, M. Querrou, A.P. Kashchuk, I.I. Tkach, J.P. Martin, T. Ekelöf, G.A. Korolev, (?), V.A. Schegelsky, A.S. Denisov, S. Kullander, M. Chemarin, P. Grafström, S. Maury, E. Hagberg

  4. Experiment WA1 (CDHS Neutrino Experiment)

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    Experiment WA1, also known under CDHS (CERN, Dortmund, Heidelberg, Saclay; spokesman Jack Steinberger), was the first neutrino experiment on the SPS, in its West Area. Magnetized iron (with a toroidal field) forms the core of the detector. On its outside we see drift chambers and photomultipliers (detecting the light from the plastic scintillators further in). Peter Schilly is wearing a white coat. See also CERN Annual Report 1976, p.57.

  5. Revision of J3Gen and Validity of the Attacks by Peinado et al.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Peinado

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This letter is the reply to: Remarks on Peinado et al.’s Analysis of J3Gen by J. Garcia-Alfaro, J. Herrera-Joancomartí and J. Melià-Seguí published in Sensors 2015, 15, 6217–6220. Peinado et al. cryptanalyzed the pseudorandom number generator proposed by Melià-Seguí et al., describing two possible attacks. Later, Garcia-Alfaro claimed that one of this attack did not hold in practice because the assumptions made by Peinado et al. were not correct. This letter reviews those remarks, showing that J3Gen is anyway flawed and that, without further information, the interpretation made by Peinado et al. seems to be correct.

  6. Revision of J3Gen Validity of the Attacks by Peinado et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peinado, Alberto; Munilla, Jorge; Fúster-Sabater, Amparo

    2015-01-01

    This letter is the reply to: Remarks on Peinado et al.’s Analysis of J3Gen by J. Garcia-Alfaro, J. Herrera-Joancomartí and J. Melià-Seguí published in Sensors 2015, 15, 6217–6220. Peinado et al. cryptanalyzed the pseudorandom number generator proposed by Melià-Seguí et al., describing two possible attacks. Later, Garcia-Alfaro claimed that one of this attack did not hold in practice because the assumptions made by Peinado et al. were not correct. This letter reviews those remarks, showing that J3Gen is anyway flawed and that, without further information, the interpretation made by Peinado et al. seems to be correct. PMID:26007740

  7. Results from CERN experiment WA80

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutbrod, H.H.; Plasil, F.; Albrecht, R.; Awes, T.C.; Baktash, C.; Beckmann, P.; Berger, F.; Bock, R.; Claesson, G.; Dragon, L.

    1988-01-01

    As in the case of most of the experiments discussed at this conference, the primary goal of WA80 is a search for evidence that a quark-gluon plasma (QGP) has been formed, or that some similar phase transition has taken place. A number of signatures for QGP formation have been suggested, and most experiments have been designed so as to obtain data that pertain to one or more of these signatures. In the case of WA80, the primary probe for the investigation of the QGP is the measurement of photons that may be emitted from the plasma phase. An understanding of the various QGP signatures, however, requires an understanding of the background created by reaction products that do not relate directly to QGP production and thus requires a thorough understanding of the reaction mechanism governing nucleus-nucleus collisions at these extreme energies. Consequently, another important goal of WA80 is to survey nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 and 200 GeV/nucleon and to compare the results to those obtained from proton-nucleus interactions. We have pursued this second goal by measuring forward and transverse energies, by studying the multiplicities of produced charged particles over a large range of pseudorapidity, by investigating transverse momentum spectra of neutral products, and by examining target fragmentation products. In this paper we review all of our results obtained with 60- and 200-GeV/nucleon /sup 16/O projectiles, with the exception of charged-particle multiplicity data, which are discussed in a separate presentation at this conference. We also present the first preliminary calorimeter results from /sup 32/S bombardments at 6.4 TeV. 22 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

  8. Results from CERN experiment WA80

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As in the case of most of the experiments discussed at this conference, the primary goal of WA80 is a search for evidence that a quark-gluon plasma (QGP) has been formed, or that some similar phase transition has taken place. A number of signatures for QGP formation have been suggested, and most experiments have been designed so as to obtain data that pertain to one or more of these signatures. In the case of WA80, the primary probe for the investigation of the QGP is the measurement of photons that may be emitted from the plasma phase. An understanding of the various QGP signatures, however, requires an understanding of the background created by reaction products that do not relate directly to QGP production and thus requires a thorough understanding of the reaction mechanism governing nucleus-nucleus collisions at these extreme energies. Consequently, another important goal of WA80 is to survey nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 and 200 GeV/nucleon and to compare the results to those obtained from proton-nucleus interactions. We have pursued this second goal by measuring forward and transverse energies, by studying the multiplicities of produced charged particles over a large range of pseudorapidity, by investigating transverse momentum spectra of neutral products, and by examining target fragmentation products. In this paper we review all of our results obtained with 60- and 200-GeV/nucleon /sup 16/O projectiles, with the exception of charged-particle multiplicity data, which are discussed in a separate presentation at this conference. We also present the first preliminary calorimeter results from /sup 32/S bombardments at 6.4 TeV. 22 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs

  9. Some remarks on Kithaka wa Mberia's poetry

    OpenAIRE

    Zúbková-Bertoncini, Elena

    2012-01-01

    Kithaka wa Mberia (b.1956) is one of the most innovative Kenyan poets. Until now he has published four collections of poems and three plays. His poems contain a strong political and social criticism, sometimes in the form of animal allegories. He condemns various acts of violence done to women, like rapes of schoolgirls or prostitution caused by poverty. Some compositions seem life-stories of real persons, others are overtly didactic and moralizing, but in all the theme of social justice is a...

  10. Results from the WA92 experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report on a search for beauty particles produced in ?--nucleon interactions at ?(s)?26 GeV at the CERN ?' spectrometer. Data were collected using the WA92 apparatus, which included a high-resolution imaging detector and a system for triggering on secondary vertices. The search for beauty decays using conventional analysis procedures is described and a new event-selection method, based on neural-network techniques, is presented. Results obtained with the new and the conventional methods are compared. (orig.)

  11. Impacts of future changes on groundwater recharge and flow in highly-connected river-aquifer systems: A case study of the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, T. T.; Baxter, H.; Barber, M. E.; Hossain, A.; Orr, C. H.; Adam, J. C.

    2013-12-01

    The Spokane, Washington-Coeur d'Alene, Idaho Corridor is well-known for its Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie (SVRP) Aquifer which is a sole source of drinking water for more than 500,000 people. The aquifer is highly connected to the Spokane River and responds very fast to natural and human perturbations, making it relatively vulnerable to climate and anthropogenic changes in future decades. Recent studies have indicated a decline in minimum daily flow in the Spokane River in the last 100 years, while projecting an increase in cool-season precipitation into the future. We investigated the potential impacts of these projected future climate-driven hydrologic changes on groundwater recharge and flow in the SVRP. A distributed, physically-based hydrological model, the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System (PRMS), was coupled with an existing Modular three-dimensional finite-difference ground-water model (MODFLOW) to have better estimates of recharge into the SVRP as well as the interaction of surface water and groundwater. The couple model was calibrated and validated at a daily time-step within the Model-Independent Parameter Estimation (PEST) framework using 16 years of both observed streamflow and observed well data (1990 - 2005). To assess future climate change impacts, statistically downscaled climate projections of temperature and precipitation between 2010 and 2050 from four general circulation models were used. The results from the coupled model provide insight on the interplay between snowmelt, streamflow, groundwater recharge and discharge in such a highly-connected system. Moreover, the relative sensitivities of groundwater recharge and flow with respect to changes in climate and land cover are also examined. These results can be used as good references for long term water resources management and planning in the region.

  12. Evaluation of water-quality characteristics of part of the Spokane Aquifer, Washington and Idaho, using a solute-transport digital model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaccaro, J.J.; Bolke, E.L.

    1983-01-01

    The principal dissolved constituents in water in the Spokane aquifer are calcium and bicarbonate. These constituents (as well as dissolved solids, hardness, and magnesium) each correlate well with specific conductance, whereas chloride, sodium, and nitrate each do not. Specific conductance ranges from 73 to 820 micromhos per centimeter throughout the study area. Short-term variations in water quality in the Spokane aquifer are generally greater than long-term variations. Vertical variations in concentration of chemical constituents occurred in four of 15 wells used to sample the upper 50 feet of the aquifer along several cross sections. Changes in water quality from one cross section to another could not be directly related to land-use activities. A digital model was developed and used to simulate solute transport of conservative ions in the Spokane aquifer. Specifically, the model was used to estimate the impact of the chloride ion from recharge through septic tanks and from irrigation on the water quality of the aquifer. Analysis shows that the estimated impact on the aquifer from these two source loadings was less than a 1-milligram-per-liter increase throughout approximately 80 percent of the aquifer, but increases averaging about 3 milligrams per liter occurred in some peripheral areas. Various water-quality-management schemes based on manmade or natural stresses can be tested with the model.

  13. The t-pebbling number of Jahangir graph J3,m

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    A., Lourdusamy; T., Mathivanan.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The t-pebbling number, f t(G), of a connected graph G, is the smallest positive integer such that from every placement of f t(G) pebbles, t pebbles can be moved to any specified target vertex by a sequence of pebbling moves, each move removes two pebbles of a vertex and placing one on an adjacent ve [...] rtex. In this paper, we determine the t-pebbling number for Jahangir graph J3,m and finally we give a conjecture for the t-pebbling number of the graph Jn,m.

  14. Gas and dust in NGC 7469: sub-mm imaging and CO J=3-2

    OpenAIRE

    Papadopoulos, Padeli P.; Allen, Michael L.

    2000-01-01

    We present sensitive sub-mm imaging of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 7469 at 850 $\\mu $m and 450 $\\mu $m with the Submillimetre Common User Bolometer Array (SCUBA) on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) and ^{12}CO J=3-2 line observations of its central starbursting region. The global dust spectrum, as constrained by the new set of sub-mm data and available 1.30 mm and IRAS 100 $\\mu $m, 60 $\\mu $m data reveals a dominant warm dust component with a temperature of $\\rm T_{\\rm ...

  15. 33 CFR 165.1306 - Lake Union, Seattle, WA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lake Union, Seattle, WA. 165.1306... Navigation Areas and Limited Access Areas Thirteenth Coast Guard District § 165.1306 Lake Union, Seattle, WA. (a) Location. The following area is a safety zone: All portions of the waters of Lake Union...

  16. SMA CO(J=3-2) interferometric observations of the central region of M51

    CERN Document Server

    Matsushita, S; Kuo, C Y; Hsieh, P Y; Trung, D V; Mao, R Q; Iono, D; Peck, A B; Wiedner, M C; Liu S Y; Ohashi, N; Lim, J

    2004-01-01

    We present the first interferometric CO(J=3-2) observations (beam size of 3.9"x1.6" or 160pc x 65pc) with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) toward the center of the Seyfert 2 galaxy M51. The image shows a strong concentration at the nucleus and weak emission from the spiral arm to the northwest. The integrated intensity of the central component in CO(J=3-2) is almost twice as high as that in CO(J=1-0), indicating that the molecular gas within an ~80 pc radius of the nucleus is warm (>~100 K) and dense (~10^4 cm^-3). Similar intensity ratios are seen in shocked regions in our Galaxy, suggesting that these gas properties may be related to AGN or starburst activity. The central component shows a linear velocity gradient (~1.4 km/s/pc) perpendicular to the radio continuum jet, similar to that seen in previous observations and interpreted as a circumnuclear molecular disk/torus around the Seyfert 2 nucleus. In addition, we identify a linear velocity gradient (~0.7 km/s/pc) along the jet. Judging from the energetics, t...

  17. Wide field CO J = 3->2 mapping of the Serpens Cloud Core

    CERN Document Server

    Dionatos, O; Codella, C; Giannini, T

    2010-01-01

    Context. Outflows provide indirect means to get an insight on diverse star formation associated phenomena. On scales of individual protostellar cores, outflows combined with intrinsic core properties can be used to study the mass accretion/ejection process of heavily embedded protostellar sources. Methods. An area comprising 460"x230" of the Serpens cloud core has been mapped in 12 CO J = 3\\to 2 with the HARP-B heterodyne array at the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope; J = 3\\to 2 observations are more sensitive tracers of hot outflow gas than lower J CO transitions; combined with the high sensitivity of the HARP-B receptors outflows are sharply outlined, enabling their association with individual protostellar cores. Results. Most of ~20 observed outflows are found to be associated with known protostellar sources in bipolar or unipolar configurations. All but two outflow/core pairs in our sample tend to have a projected orientation spanning roughly NW-SE. The overall momentum driven by outflows in Serpens lies bet...

  18. The exploration and the U'wa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document analyzes the different actions taken to harmonize the oil development without impacting the customs of the indigenous communities; like it is the case of the community U'wa in Colombia, where conflicts were generated in the relationship that the oil companies, that which led during some years to the suspension of the activity and the postponement of exploratory projects until the achievement of an understanding that has looked for to harmonize the rights clearly based in the Colombian constitution, according to which the state has right to the property of the underground and its exploitation in benefit of the whole nation, and the indigenous towns that are entitled to the protection of its cultural, social and economic integrity

  19. CO J = 3-2 observations of translucent and high-latitude molecular clouds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Dishoeck, Ewine F.; Phillips, T. G.; Black, John H.; Gredel, R.

    1991-01-01

    Measurements were carried out on the CO J = 3-2 emission line at 345 GHz from a number of translucent and high-latitude molecular clouds, as well as on the J = 2-1 and J = 1-0 lines of both the (C-12)O and (C-13)O. It is shown that the physical conditions in the high-latitude clouds are very similar to those in the translucent clouds. The densities derived from measured (C-12)O 1-0/3-2 ratios were often found to be higher than those based on the C2 excitation, while densities derived from measured 3-2/(C-13)O 1-0 ratios were similar to those based on C2.

  20. Raimo Pullat kohtus Lech Wa?esaga / Harda Roosna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roosna, Harda, 1956-

    2014-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli emeriitprofessor Raimo Pullat kohtus Poola ekspresidendi Lech Wa?esaga Gdanski tehnikakõrgkooli 110. aastapäeva pidustustel, kuhu ta oli kutsutud kui peatselt valmiva teose "Värav tulevikku. Ganzigi Tehnikakõrgkool Eesti haritlaskonna kujunemisloos 1904-1939" autor

  1. Isotopes (Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  2. Diet (Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  3. Preparation (in Hall 168)of the WA1 apparatus.

    CERN Multimedia

    1976-01-01

    The neutrino experiment WA1 at the SPS consists of 19 modules of magnetized iron in which layers of scintillators are inserted. Drift chambers placed between the modules will complete the detector. On the left, Peter Schilly

  4. Results from CERN experiment WA80

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The two primary goals of the WA80 collaboration are to survey nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 and 200 GeVnucleon and to compare the results to those obtained from proton-nucleus interactions and to search for evidence that a quark-gluon plasma has been formed or that some similar phase transition has taken place. One of the ways to pursue the first goal is by means of forward and transverse energy measurements. These relate to important quantities such as the degree of nuclear stopping, the magnitude of attained energy densities, and the level at which collective effects manifest themselves. These measurements and their interpretation were discussed during the oral presentation at this meeting for both 16O- and 32S-induced reactions. Since the 16O results are now published, we present here only the preliminary unpublished 32S transverse energy distributions. In addition, we show sample results obtained with the single-arm photon spectrometer, SAPHIR, and with the Plastic Ball. 8 refs., 3 figs

  5. Results on charm hadroproduction from CERN experiment WA82

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experiment WA82 has collected data from 1987 to 1989 with the ?' spectrometer at the CERN SPS. The aim of WA82 was a high statistics study of charm hadroproduction, using a silicon microstrip vertex detector and an impact parameter trigger. Latest results on the nuclear dependence of charm production and on the xF distributions of D+ and D- mesons are presented and discussed

  6. Wide field CO J = 3¿2 mapping of the Serpens Cloud Core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dionatos, Odyssefs; Nisini, Brunella

    2010-01-01

    Context. Outflows provide indirect means to get an insight on diverse star formation associated phenomena. On scales of individual protostellar cores, outflows combined with intrinsic core properties can be used to study the mass accretion/ejection process of heavily embedded protostellar sources. Aims. The main objective of the paper is to study the overall outflow distribution and association with the young population of the Serpens Core cluster. In addition, the paper addresses the correlation of the outflow momentum flux with the bolometric luminosity of their driving sources using this homogeneous dataset for a single star forming site. Methods. An area comprising 460''×230'' of the Serpens cloud core has been mapped in 12CO J = 3¿2 with the HARP-B heterodyne array at the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope; J = 3¿2 observations are more sensitive tracers of hot outflow gas than lower J CO transitions; combined with the high sensitivity of the HARP-B receptors outflows are sharply outlined, enabling their association with individual protostellar cores. Results. Most of ~20 observed outflows are found to be associated with known protostellar sources in bipolar or unipolar config- urations. All but two outflow/core pairs in our sample tend to have a projected orientation spanning roughly NW-SE. The overall momentum driven by outflows in Serpens lies between 3.2 and 5.1 × 10-1 M¿km s-1, the kinetic energy from 4.3 to 6.7 × 1043 erg and momentum flux is between 2.8 and 4.4 × 10-4 M¿ km s-1 yr-1. Bolometric luminosities of protostellar cores based on Spitzer photometry are found up to an order of magnitude lower than previous estimations derived with IRAS/ISO data. Conclusions. We confirm the validity of the existing correlations between the momentum flux and bolometric luminosity of Class I sources for the homogenous sample of Serpens, though we suggest that they should be revised by a shift to lower luminosities. All protostars classified as Class 0 sources stand well above the known Class I correlations, indicating a decline in momentum flux between the two classes.

  7. A CO J = 3-2 map of M51 with HARP-B: radial properties of the spiral structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlahakis, C.; van der Werf, P.; Israel, F. P.; Tilanus, R. P. J.

    2013-08-01

    We present the first complete CO J = 3-2 map of the nearby grand-design spiral galaxy M51 (NGC 5194), at a spatial resolution of ˜600 pc, obtained with the HARP-B instrument on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. The map covers the entire optical galaxy disc and out to the companion NGC 5195, with CO J = 3-2 emission detected over an area of ˜9 arcmin × 6 arcmin (˜21 × 14 kpc). We describe the CO J = 3-2 integrated intensity map and combine our results with maps of CO J = 2-1, CO J = 1-0 and other data from the literature to investigate the variation of the molecular gas, atomic gas and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) properties of M51 as a function of distance along the spiral structure on sub-kiloparsec scales. We find that for the CO J = 3-2 and CO J = 2-1 transitions, there is a clear difference between the variation of arm and interarm emission with galactocentric radius, with the interarm emission relatively constant with radius and the contrast between arm and interarm emission decreasing with radius. For the CO J = 1-0 line and H I emission, the variation with radius shows a similar trend for the arm and interarm regions, and the arm-interarm contrast appears relatively constant with radius. We investigate the variation of CO line ratios (J = 3-2/2-1, J = 2-1/1-0 and J = 3-2/1-0) as a function of distance along the spiral structure. Line ratios are consistent with the range of typical values for other nearby galaxies in the literature. The highest CO J = 3-2/J = 2-1 line ratios are found in the central ˜1 kiloparsec and in the spiral arms and the lowest line ratios in the interarm regions. We find no clear evidence of a trend with radius for the spiral arms, but for the interarm regions there appears to be a trend for all CO line ratios to increase with radius. We find a strong relationship between the ratio of CO J = 3-2 intensity to stellar-continuum-subtracted 8 ?m PAH surface brightness and the CO J = 3-2 intensity that appears to vary with radius.

  8. An Extragalactic 12CO J=3-2 survey with the Heinrich-Hertz-Telescope

    CERN Document Server

    Mao, Rui-Qing; Henkel, Christian; Mauersberger, Rainer; Muders, Dirk; Dihn-V-Trung,

    2010-01-01

    We present results of a ^{12}CO J = 3-2 survey of 125 nearby galaxies obtained with the 10-m Heinrich-Hertz-Telescope, with the aim to characterize the properties of warm and dense molecular gas in a large variety of environments. With an angular resolution of 22'', ^{12}CO 3-2 emission was detected in 114 targets. Based on 61 galaxies observed with equal beam sizes the ^{12}CO 3-2/1-0 integrated line intensity ratio R_{31} is found to vary from 0.2 to 1.9, with an average value of 0.81. No correlations are found for R_{31} to Hubble type and far infrared luminosity. Possible indications for a correlation with inclination angle and the 60mum/100mum color temperature of the dust are not significant. Higher R_{31} ratios than in ``normal'' galaxies, hinting at enhanced molecular excitation, may be found in galaxies hosting active galactic nuclei. Even higher average values are determined for galaxies with bars or starbursts, the latter being identified by the ratio of infrared luminosity versus isophotal area, ...

  9. Gas and dust in NGC 7469 sub-mm imaging and CO J=3-2

    CERN Document Server

    Allen, P P; Allen, Padeli P.; Papadopoulos, Michael L.

    2000-01-01

    We present sensitive sub-mm imaging of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 7469 at 850$\\mu $m and 450 $\\mu $m with the Submillimetre Common User Bolometer Array(SCUBA) on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) and ^{12}CO J=3-2 lineobservations of its central starbursting region. The global dust spectrum, asconstrained by the new set of sub-mm data and available 1.30 mm and IRAS 100$\\mu $m, 60 $\\mu $m data reveals a dominant warm dust component with atemperature of $\\rm T_{\\rm d} \\sim 35$ K and a global molecular gas-to-dustratio $\\rm M(H_2)/M_{\\rm d}\\sim 600$. Such high values are typical forIR-bright spirals and in order to reconcile them with the significantly lowerratio of ~ 100 obtained for the Milky Way a cold dust reservoir, inconspicuousat FIR wavelengths, is usually postulated. We present evidence that, ratherthan unaccounted cold dust mass, this high ratio suggests an overestimate of$\\rm M(H_2)$ from its associated ^{12}CO J=1-0 line luminosity by a factor of ~5 when a Milky Way value for this conversion is ...

  10. Nuclear group constant set FUSION-J3 for fusion reactor nuclear calculations based on JENDL-3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on evaluated nuclear data file JENDL-3, published in April 1990, we produced a nuclear group constant set 'FUSION-J3' for fusion reactor nuclear calculation by ANISN code instead of GICX40 produced in 1977. The set FUSION-J3 is the coupled group constant set with neutron 125 and gamma-ray 40 group structure, and has the maximum order of 5 as Legendre expansion in scattering cross section. Forty nuclides included in FUSION-J3 can be used in fusion reactor nuclear calculations. Considering mobility in two-dimensional calculations and fixed group structure in induced activity calculation code system as the GICX40 structure, we composed also FUSION-40 group constant set with neutron 42 group and gamma-ray 21 group structure. The set FUSION-40 includes the same maximum order of the Legendre expansion and the same nuclides as FUSION-J3. From the results in experimental analysis and benchmark calculations, it became proved that JENDL-3 is at higher level of accuracy than ENDF/B-IV and -V. The set FUSION-J3 can be clear applicable to fusion reactor nuclear calculations. (author)

  11. CO(J=3-2) On-the-fly Mapping of the Nearby Spiral Galaxies NGC 628 and NGC 7793: Spatially-resolved CO(J=3-2) Star-formation Law

    CERN Document Server

    Muraoka, Kazuyuki; Yanagitani, Kazuki; Kaneko, Hiroyuki; Nakanishi, Kouichiro; Kuno, Nario; Sorai, Kazuo; Tosaki, Tomoka; Kohno, Kotaro

    2015-01-01

    We present the results of CO(J=3-2) on-the-fly mappings of two nearby non-barred spiral galaxies NGC 628 and NGC 7793 with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment at an effective angular resolution of 25". We successfully obtained global distributions of CO(J=3-2) emission over the entire disks at a sub-kpc resolution for both galaxies. We examined the spatially-resolved (sub-kpc) relationship between CO(J=3-2) luminosities (L'CO(3-2)) and infrared (IR) luminosities (LIR) for NGC 628, NGC 7793, and M 83, and compared it with global luminosities of JCMT Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey sample. We found a striking linear L'CO(3-2)-LIR correlation over the 4 orders of magnitude, and the correlation is consistent even with that for ultraluminous infrared galaxies and submillimeter selected galaxies. In addition, we examined the spatially-resolved relationship between CO(J=3-2) intensities (ICO(3-2)) and extinction-corrected star formation rates (SFRs) for NGC 628, NGC 7793, and M 83, and compared it with that f...

  12. CO(J = 3-2) on-the-fly mapping of the nearby spiral galaxies NGC 628 and NGC 7793: Spatially resolved CO(J = 3-2) star-formation law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muraoka, Kazuyuki; Takeda, Miho; Yanagitani, Kazuki; Kaneko, Hiroyuki; Nakanishi, Kouichiro; Kuno, Nario; Sorai, Kazuo; Tosaki, Tomoka; Kohno, Kotaro

    2016-01-01

    We present the results of CO(J = 3-2) on-the-fly mappings of two nearby non-barred spiral galaxies, NGC 628 and NGC 7793, with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment at an effective angular resolution of 25'. We successfully obtained global distributions of CO(J = 3-2) emission over the entire disks at a sub-kpc resolution for both galaxies. We examined the spatially resolved (sub-kpc) relationship between CO(J = 3-2) luminosities (L^' }_CO(3-2)) and infrared (IR) luminosities (LIR) for NGC 628, NGC 7793, and M 83, and compared it with global luminosities of a JCMT (James Clerk Maxwell Telescope) Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey sample. We found a striking linear L^' }_CO(3-2)-LIR correlation over the four orders of magnitude, and the correlation is consistent even with that for ultraluminous IR galaxies and submillimeter-selected galaxies. In addition, we examined the spatially resolved relationship between CO(J = 3-2) intensities (ICO(3-2)) and extinction-corrected star formation rates (SFRs) for NGC 628, NGC 7793, and M 83, and compared it with that for Giant Molecular Clouds in M 33 and 14 nearby galaxy centers. We found a linear ICO(3-2)-SFR correlation with ˜1 dex scatter. We conclude that the CO(J = 3-2) star-formation law (i.e., linear L^' }_CO(3-2)-LIR and ICO(3-2)-SFR correlations) is universally applicable to various types and spatial scales of galaxies; from spatially resolved nearby galaxy disks to distant IR-luminous galaxies, within ˜1 dex scatter.

  13. A CO J=3-2 map of M51 with HARP-B: Radial properties of the spiral structure

    CERN Document Server

    Vlahakis, C; Israel, F P; Tilanus, R P J

    2013-01-01

    We present the first complete CO J=3-2 map of the nearby grand-design spiral galaxy M51 (NGC 5194), at a spatial resolution of ~600 pc, obtained with the HARP-B instrument on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. The map covers the entire optical galaxy disk and out to the companion NGC 5195, with CO J=3-2 emission detected over an area of ~9'x6' (~21x14 kpc). We describe the CO J=3-2 integrated intensity map and combine our results with maps of CO J=2-1, CO J=1-0 and other data from the literature to investigate the variation of the molecular gas, atomic gas and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) properties of M51 as a function of distance along the spiral structure on sub-kpc scales. We find that for the CO J=3-2 and CO J=2-1 transitions there is a clear difference between the variation of arm and inter-arm emission with galactocentric radius, with the inter-arm emission relatively constant with radius and the contrast between arm and inter-arm emission decreasing with radius. For CO J=1-0 and HI the variat...

  14. 78 FR 17084 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Wilbur, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to establish controlled airspace at Wilbur, WA (77 FR 75597). Interested parties... ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 ] FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3..., 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR 1959-1963 Comp., p. 389. Sec. 71.1 0 2. The incorporation...

  15. 75 FR 57375 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Toledo, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-21

    ... controlled airspace at Toledo, WA (75 FR 33559). Interested parties were invited to participate in this... Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does not warrant preparation of a regulatory evaluation... continues to read as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E. O. 10854, 24 FR 9565,...

  16. 77 FR 66714 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Columbia River, Vancouver, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-07

    ... Waterway, at Tacoma, WA. This deviation is necessary to perform extensive maintenance and repair work on... ``Search''. They are also available for inspection or copying at the Docket Management Facility (M-30), U.S... issued a temporary deviation from the operating schedule that governs the Murray Morgan Bridge,...

  17. View of the WA10 set-up

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    The WA10 experiment by the Geneva-Lausanne Collaboration was set-up in the H5 beam (unseparated, up to 50 GeV/c) to study K+-p --> K0pi+-p and other reactions of similar topology, and the energy dependence of resonance production.

  18. 77 FR 54805 - Revocation of Jet Route J-528; WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... Department of Transportation (DOT) Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and... follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 RIN 2120-AA66 Revocation of Jet Route J-528; WA...

  19. 77 FR 54805 - Revocation of Jet Route J-528; WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ...RIN 2120-AA66 Revocation of Jet Route J-528; WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...SUMMARY: This action removes Jet Route J-528 because the route is too short to serve...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background Jet Route J-528 is currently depicted on United...

  20. 77 FR 12514 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ... FR 3316). Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public meeting. But you may submit a request... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 RIN 1625-AA09 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA AGENCY... drawbridge operating regulation for the Hood Canal floating drawbridge near Port Gamble. This...

  1. 77 FR 28767 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ... (77 FR 12514). We received 17 comments on the proposed ] rule. No public meeting was requested, and... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 RIN 1625-AA09 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA AGENCY... regulation for the Hood Canal floating drawbridge near Port Gamble. This modification will relieve heavy...

  2. Trigger for the WA92 fixed-target beauty experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the WA92 trigger system which has been designed to collect beauty decays from fixed-target hadronic interactions. It incorporates muon and high Pt triggers, and a novel pixel processor that searches for secondary vertices downstream of the target. (orig.)

  3. Stream-sediment geochemistry in mining-impacted streams : sediment mobilized by floods in the Coeur d'Alene-Spokane River system, Idaho and Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Box, Stephen E.; Bookstrom, Arthur A.; Ikramuddin, Mohammed

    2005-01-01

    Environmental problems associated with the dispersion of metal-enriched sediment into the Coeur d'Alene-Spokane River system downstream from the Coeur d'Alene Mining District in northern Idaho have been a cause of litigation since 1903, 18 years after the initiation of mining for lead, zinc, and silver. Although direct dumping of waste materials into the river by active mining operations stopped in 1968, metal-enriched sediment continues to be mobilized during times of high runoff and deposited on valley flood plains and in Coeur d'Alene Lake (Horowitz and others, 1993). To gauge the geographic and temporal variations in the metal contents of flood sediment and to provide constraints on the sources and processes responsible for those variations, we collected samples of suspended sediment and overbank deposits during and after four high-flow events in 1995, 1996, and 1997 in the Coeur d'Alene-Spokane River system with estimated recurrence intervals ranging from 2 to 100 years. Suspended sediment enriched in lead, zinc, silver, antimony, arsenic, cadmium, and copper was detected over a distance of more than 130 mi (the downstream extent of sampling) downstream of the mining district. Strong correlations of all these elements in suspended sediment with each other and with iron and manganese are apparent when samples are grouped by reach (tributaries to the South Fork of the Coeur d'Alene River, the South Fork of the Coeur d'Alene River, the main stem of the Coeur d'Alene River, and the Spokane River). Elemental correlations with iron and manganese, along with observations by scanning electron microscopy, indicate that most of the trace metals are associated with Fe and Mn oxyhydroxide compounds. Changes in elemental correlations by reach suggest that the sources of metal-enriched sediment change along the length of the drainage. Metal contents of suspended sediment generally increase through the mining district along the South Fork of the Coeur d'Alene River, decrease below the confluence of the North and South Forks, and then increase again downstream of the gradient flattening below Cataldo. Metal contents of suspended sediment in the Spokane River below Coeur d'Alene Lake were comparable to those of suspended sediment in the main stem of the Coeur d'Alene River above the lake during the 1997 spring runoff, but with somewhat higher Zn contents. Daily suspended-sediment loads were about 100 times larger in the 1996 flood (50-100-year recurrence interval) than in the smaller 1997 floods (2-5-year recurrence intervals). Significant differences in metal ratios and contents are also apparent between the two flood types. The predominant source of suspended sediment in the larger 1996 flood was previously deposited, metal-enriched flood-plain sediment, identified by its Zn/Pb ratio less than 1. Suspended sediment in the smaller 1997 floods had metal ratios distinct from those of the flood-plain deposits and was primarily derived from metal-enriched sediment stored within the stream channel, identified by a Zn/Pb ratio greater than 1. Sediment deposited during overbank flooding on the immediate streambank or natural levee of the river typically consists of sandy material with metal ratios and contents similar to those of the sandy streambed sediment in the adjacent river reach. Samples of overbank deposits in backlevee marshes collected after the 1996 flood have metal ratios similar to those of peak-flow suspended sediment in the same river reach, but generally lower metal contents.

  4. Development of the fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2R based on the JENDL-3.2

    CERN Document Server

    Chiba, G

    2002-01-01

    It is reported that the fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2 based on the newest evaluated nuclear data library JENDL3.2 has a serious error in the process of applying the weighting function. As the error affects greatly nuclear characteristics, and a corrected version of the reactor constant set, JFS-3-J3.2R, was developed, as well as lumped FP cross sections. The use of JFS-3-J3.2R improves the results of analyses especially on sample Doppler reactivity and reaction rate in the blanket region in comparison with those obtained using the JFS-3-J3.2.

  5. Beam current transformer (BCT) for experiment WA1/2

    CERN Multimedia

    1978-01-01

    In experiment WA1/2, a 400 GeV proton beam from the SPS was directed at a target, downstream of which a hadron line selected, in several narrow momentum bands, a beam of either pi+ and K+ or pi- and K-. These neutrino-parent particles, before entering a 292 m long decay tunnel, passed through a set of 2 BCTs of a design seen here. They measured the hadron intensity (10^10 to 10^11 particles/pulse) with a precision of the order of 1%. There were 2 of them, for enhanced precision and confidence. After the discovery of neutral currents in the Gargamelle-experiment, WA1/2 was the first follow-up, high-precision experiment (Z.Phys.C35, 443-452, 1987 and Z.Phys.C45, 361-379, 1990). See also 7706516X.

  6. WA80 multiplicity results at 200 A GeV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Multiplicity results are presented from the WA80 setup at CERN. Pseudorapidity, ?, and multiplicity distributions from 32S induced reactions in the interval -1.7 < ? < 4.0 are shown. The role of low energy protons in p+A interactions is investigated using the Plastic Ball detector covering -1.7 < ? < 1.0 and the Midrapidity Calorimeter (MIRAC) in the interval 2.4 < ? < 5.5. (orig.)

  7. Korean WA-DGNSS User Segment Software Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayed Chhattan Shah

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Korean WA-DGNSS is a large scale research project funded by Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs Korea. It aims to augment the Global Navigation Satellite System by broadcasting additional signals from geostationary satellites and providing differential correction messages and integrity data for the GNSS satellites. The project is being carried out by a consortium of universities and research institutes. The research team at Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute is involved in design and development of data processing softwares for wide area reference station and user segment. This paper focuses on user segment software design. Korean WA-DGNSS user segment software is designed to perform several functions such as calculation of pseudorange, ionosphere and troposphere delays, application of fast and slow correction messages, and data verification. It is based on a layered architecture that provides a model to develop flexible and reusable software and is divided into several independent, interchangeable and reusable components to reduce complexity and maintenance cost. The current version is designed to collect and process GPS and WA-DGNSS data however it is flexible to accommodate future GNSS systems such as GLONASS and Galileo.

  8. Investigation of MOZART experimental data and analysis of MOZART experiment using JFS-3-J3.2R group constant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Various critical experiments have been analyzed and evaluated in Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) to improve the accuracy of prediction for nuclear characteristics of fast breeder reactors. This report describes update of the analysis of Monju Zebra Assembly Reactor Test (MOZART) reflecting a recent development of JNC analysis scheme. The main results are as follows: (1) Compilation of spectrum measurements: Spectrum measurement data are newly compiled including energy structure and geometrical information. (2) Reevaluation of atomic number density data: Atomic number density data were reevaluated considering impurities that had been neglected in the past analysis and reflecting a JNC standard analysis scheme. The revision of the data successfully reduces core type dependence of C/E values for criticality from 0.4%dk to 0.1%dk. (3) Analyses using JFS-3-J3.2R group constant set: The base-calculation and correction factors were fully reevaluated suing JFS-3-J3.2R group constant set and the results were compared with those using JFS-3-J3.2. For criticality, C/E values become smaller by 0.1%dk, which tendency is consistent with that observed in the analysis of JUPITER experiment. Reduction of B-10 concentration dependence from 7% to 1% is observed in C/E values for control rod worth, and 10% improvement are for Na void reactivity. These improvements are attribute to the revision of the group constant set and analysis scheme. The correction factors are confirmed to be insensitive to the revision of group constant sets. (author)

  9. Shell midden people in northern Iberia: New data from the mesolithic rock shelter of J3 (Basque Country, Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    Iriarte-chiapusso, María-josé; Arrizabalaga, Álvaro; Etxeberria, Francisco; Herrasti, Lourdes; Álvarez Fernández, Esteban

    2010-01-01

    In the course of a sondage dug in the rock shelter of J3, in the Jaizkibel mountains (at the north-western tip of Guipúzcoa), the body of a adult man was located buried inside a shell midden. This shell midden had not been disturbed and presented internal stratigraphy features. In any case, the outer edge of the shell midden does show some interesting interdigitation with the adjacent habitational layers, with evidence of different stages of occupation. Within the shell midden itself, under t...

  10. CHIMPS: the $^{13}$CO/C$^{18}$O (J=3-2) Heterodyne Inner Milky Way Plane Survey

    CERN Document Server

    Rigby, A J; Plume, R; Eden, D J; Urquhart, J S; Thompson, M A; Mottram, J C; Brunt, C M; Butner, H M; Dempsey, J T; Gibson, S J; Hatchell, J; Jenness, T; Kuno, N; Longmore, S N; Morgan, L K; Polychroni, D; Thomas, H; White, G J; Zhu, M

    2015-01-01

    We present the $^{13}$CO/C$^{18}$O (J=3-2) Heterodyne Inner Milky Way Plane Survey (CHIMPS) which has been carried out using the Heterodyne Array Receiver Program on the 15 m James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii. The high-resolution spectral survey currently covers |b| < 0.5 deg and 28 < l < 46 deg, with an angular resolution of 15 arcsec in 0.5 km/s velocity channels. The spectra have a median rms of $\\sim$ 0.6 K at this resolution, and for optically thin gas at an excitation temperature of 10 K, this sensitivity corresponds to column densities of $N_{\\mathrm{H}_{2}} \\sim 3 \\times 10^{20}\\,$cm$^{-2}$ and $N_{\\mathrm{H}_{2}} \\sim 4 \\times 10^{21}\\,$cm$^{-2}$ for $^{13}$CO and C$^{18}$O, respectively. The molecular gas that CHIMPS traces is at higher column densities and is also more optically thin than in other publicly available CO surveys due to its rarer isotopologues, and thus more representative of the three-dimensional structure of the clouds. The critical density of the J=3-2 transit...

  11. Flexible Software Design for Korean WA-DGNSS Reference Station

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wan Sik Choi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we describe the software design results of WA-DGNSS reference station that will be constructed in Korea in the near future. Software design of the WRS (Wide area Reference Station is carried out by applying object oriented software methodology in order to provide flexibilities: easy of model change (namely ionospheric delay model etc and system addition (Galileo, GLONASS in addition to GPS etc. Software design results include the use case diagrams for the functions to be executed, the architecture diagram showing components and their relationships, the activity diagrams of behaviors and models among them, and class diagrams describing the attribute and operation.

  12. Detection of 13CO(J = 3--2) emission from the molecular clouds OMC-1 and NGC 2264

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have made the first measurements of the 330 GHz J = 3--2 lines of 13CO in the molecular clouds OMC-1 and NGC 2264. Simple velocity gradient calculations can give a consistent description of the intensities of these lines, together with the available CO (J = 2--1) isotopic lines and the equivalent J = 1--0 transitions. They indicate fractional 13CO abundances similar to those found in dark clouds, but low values of the molecular hydrogen density, n(H2)roughly-equal5 x 103 cm-3. The higher densities (approx.105 cm-3) indicated by other molecular observations of these clouds suggest either the presence of high density fragments within the clouds or that the simple analysis is not appropriate for the CO lines, and more complex models are required to explain all the observations

  13. Shell midden people in northern Iberia: New data from the mesolithic rock shelter of J3 (Basque Country, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María-José IRIARTE-CHIAPUSSO

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available In the course of a sondage dug in the rock shelter of J3, in the Jaizkibel mountains (at the north-western tip of Guipúzcoa, the body of a adult man was located buried inside a shell midden. This shell midden had not been disturbed and presented internal stratigraphy features. In any case, the outer edge of the shell midden does show some interesting interdigitation with the adjacent habitational layers, with evidence of different stages of occupation. Within the shell midden itself, under the individual buried there, it was possible to observe layers without any ceramics, whereas the layers covering said individual included ceramic fragments. This individual has been dated to 8300 BP and therefore corresponds to a Mesolithic context.

  14. CO J = 3 ? 2 and far infrared continuum observations of L1551, Orion KL and IRC +10216

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sources L1551, IRC +10216 and the Kleinmann-Low nebula possess microwave spectra indicative of mass-outflow at moderate to high velocities. In two of these cases the origin of outflow is probably to be located in newly formed or forming stars. For IRC +10216 however it seems clear that the progenitor of the outflowing envelope is a late-type variable star. Observations of these sources in the J = 3 ? 2 transitions of CO are reported, together with photometry at wavelengths 377, 811 and 1136 ?m. All results were acquired with the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope at Mauna Kea, Hawaii, with instrumental beam-sizes of 86 arcsecs for the photometry, and 60 arcsecs for the CO spectra. (Auth.)

  15. CHIMPS: the 13CO/C18O (J = 3 → 2) Heterodyne Inner Milky Way Plane Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigby, A. J.; Moore, T. J. T.; Plume, R.; Eden, D. J.; Urquhart, J. S.; Thompson, M. A.; Mottram, J. C.; Brunt, C. M.; Butner, H. M.; Dempsey, J. T.; Gibson, S. J.; Hatchell, J.; Jenness, T.; Kuno, N.; Longmore, S. N.; Morgan, L. K.; Polychroni, D.; Thomas, H.; White, G. J.; Zhu, M.

    2016-03-01

    We present the 13CO/C18O (J = 3 → 2) Heterodyne Inner Milky Way Plane Survey (CHIMPS) which has been carried out using the Heterodyne Array Receiver Program on the 15 m James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii. The high-resolution spectral survey currently covers |b| ≤ 0.5° and 28° ≲ l ≲ 46°, with an angular resolution of 15 arcsec in 0.5 km s-1 velocity channels. The spectra have a median rms of ˜0.6 K at this resolution, and for optically thin gas at an excitation temperature of 10 K, this sensitivity corresponds to column densities of NH2 ˜ 3 × 1020 cm-2 and NH2 ˜ 4 × 1021 cm-2 for 13CO and C18O, respectively. The molecular gas that CHIMPS traces is at higher column densities and is also more optically thin than in other publicly available CO surveys due to its rarer isotopologues, and thus more representative of the three-dimensional structure of the clouds. The critical density of the J = 3 → 2 transition of CO is ≳104 cm-3 at temperatures of ≤20 K, and so the higher density gas associated with star formation is well traced. These data complement other existing Galactic plane surveys, especially the JCMT Galactic Plane Survey which has similar spatial resolution and column density sensitivity, and the Herschel infrared Galactic Plane Survey. In this paper, we discuss the observations, data reduction and characteristics of the survey, presenting integrated-emission maps for the region covered. Position-velocity diagrams allow comparison with Galactic structure models of the Milky Way, and while we find good agreement with a particular four-arm model, there are some significant deviations.

  16. Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YDR261W-A, YDR261W-A [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available YDR261W-A - Retrotransposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol; translated as TYA or TYA-T ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ...

  17. (The 1990 run of the WA80 experiment)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Young, G.R.

    1990-09-18

    The traveler spent six weeks at CERN participating in the 1990 run of the WA80 experiment. The traveler concentrated on trigger electronics for the first two weeks and on operation of the experiment for much of the next four. New electronics designed at ORNL for reading out the new BGO spectrometer were tested with the BGO in beam. Improvements were made, in collaboration with the ORNL engineers who designed the electronics. Plans were made for constructing the electronics in large quantities. Conversations were had with other members of WA80 about the analysis of results from this year's run and our plans for the 1991/1992 runs proposed for CERN. Lengthy conversations were had about the draft of a first paper concerning limits on direct photon production. Finally, the traveler attended an all-day session of the dilepton working group chartered to consider dilepton and photon experiments using heavy-ion beams in CERN's to-be-proposed Large Hadron Collider (LHC). At this meeting the traveler presented recent results from the group working on such a proposal for RHIC and updated his earlier presentation of June 1990 in this working group.

  18. 75 FR 14463 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-25

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology... Anthropology, Seattle, WA. The human remains were removed from Huckleberry Island, Skagit County, WA. This... assessment of the human remains was made by the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology...

  19. Contemporary "Hoisan-wa" Language Maintenance in Northern California: Evidence from Fourteen Frog Story Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Genevieve

    2012-01-01

    This article explores uninvestigated issues in Cantonese and "Hoisan-wa" language maintenance from an ethnic Chinese diaspora point of view. Data come from a larger study looking at Frog Story narratives from 140 Cantonese-English bilingual children in California. Fourteen of these children were found to display uniquely "Hoisan-wa" phonology and…

  20. 75 FR 14467 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Pierce College District, Lakewood, WA, and Thomas Burke Memorial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-25

    ... Reservation, Washington that this notice has been published. Dated: March 3, 2010 Sherry Hutt, Manager... Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY: National Park... Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum), University of Washington, Seattle, WA....

  1. The James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Nearby Galaxies Legacy Survey - IX. 12CO J = 3?2 observations of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Boon-Kok; Leech, J.; Rigopoulou, D.; Warren, B. E.; Wilson, C. D.; Attewell, D.; Azimlu, M.; Bendo, G. J.; Butner, H. M.; Brinks, E.; Chanial, P.; Clements, D. L.; Heesen, V.; Israel, F.; Knapen, J. H.; Matthews, H. E.; Mortier, A. M. J.; Mühle, S.; Sánchez-Gallego, J. R.; Tilanus, R. P. J.; Usero, A.; van der Werf, P.; Zhu, M.

    2013-11-01

    We present 12CO J = 3?2 maps of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351 obtained with the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), both early targets of the JCMT Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey (NGLS). We combine the present observations with 12CO J = 1?0 data and find that the computed 12CO J = 3?2 to 12CO J = 1?0 line ratio (R31) agrees with values measured in other NGLS field galaxies. We compute the MH2 value and find that it is robust against the value of R31 used. Using H I data from The H I Nearby Galaxy Survey, we find a tight correlation between the surface density of H2 and star formation rate density for NGC 3351 when 12CO J = 3?2 data are used. Finally, we compare the 12CO J = 3?2 intensity with the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) 8 ?m surface brightness and find a good correlation in the high surface brightness regions. We extend this study to include all 25 Spitzer Infrared Nearby Galaxies Survey galaxies within the NGLS sample and find a tight correlation at large spatial scales. We suggest that both PAH 8 ?m and 12CO J = 3?2 are likely to originate in regions of active star formation.

  2. The James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Nearby Galaxies Legacy Survey IX: $^{12}$CO $J=3\\to2$ Observations of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351

    OpenAIRE

    Tan, B-K; Leech, J.; Rigopoulou, D.; Warren, BE; Wilson, CD; Attewell, D.; Azimlu, M.; Bendo, GJ; Butner, HM; Brinks, E.; Chanial, P.; Clements, DL; Heesen, V.; Israel, F.; Knapen, JH

    2013-01-01

    We present $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} maps of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351 obtained with the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), both early targets of the JCMT Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey (NGLS). We combine the present observations with $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} data and find that the computed $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} to $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} line ratio ($R_{31}$) agrees with values measured in other NGLS field galaxies. We compute ...

  3. WaVPeak: Picking NMR peaks through wavelet-based smoothing and volume-based filtering

    KAUST Repository

    Liu, Zhi

    2012-02-10

    Motivation: Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has been widely used as a powerful tool to determine the 3D structures of proteins in vivo. However, the post-spectra processing stage of NMR structure determination usually involves a tremendous amount of time and expert knowledge, which includes peak picking, chemical shift assignment and structure calculation steps. Detecting accurate peaks from the NMR spectra is a prerequisite for all following steps, and thus remains a key problem in automatic NMR structure determination. Results: We introduce WaVPeak, a fully automatic peak detection method. WaVPeak first smoothes the given NMR spectrum by wavelets. The peaks are then identified as the local maxima. The false positive peaks are filtered out efficiently by considering the volume of the peaks. WaVPeak has two major advantages over the state-of-the-art peak-picking methods. First, through wavelet-based smoothing, WaVPeak does not eliminate any data point in the spectra. Therefore, WaVPeak is able to detect weak peaks that are embedded in the noise level. NMR spectroscopists need the most help isolating these weak peaks. Second, WaVPeak estimates the volume of the peaks to filter the false positives. This is more reliable than intensity-based filters that are widely used in existing methods. We evaluate the performance of WaVPeak on the benchmark set proposed by PICKY (Alipanahi et al., 2009), one of the most accurate methods in the literature. The dataset comprises 32 2D and 3D spectra from eight different proteins. Experimental results demonstrate that WaVPeak achieves an average of 96%, 91%, 88%, 76% and 85% recall on 15N-HSQC, HNCO, HNCA, HNCACB and CBCA(CO)NH, respectively. When the same number of peaks are considered, WaVPeak significantly outperforms PICKY. The Author(s) 2012. Published by Oxford University Press.

  4. The Use of Wa’Dan in Islamic Contract FX Forward: Weighting between Maslahah and Mafsadah

    OpenAIRE

    Azlin Alisa Ahmad; Salmy Edawati Yaacob; Mat Noor Mat Zain

    2014-01-01

    Islamic foreign exchange forward contract widely use the principle of wa’d in order to fulfil the need of hedging. The contract is an alternative solution to conventional forward contract, whereby one party will promise to the other party to exchange currency at an agreed rate for a future date. The adaptation of wa’d (unilateral promise) or wa’dan (two unilateral promise) is seen as an exit mechanism or makharij to the impermissible conventional derivatives contract. Some opined that it is m...

  5. The James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Nearby Galaxies Legacy Survey IX: $^{12}$CO $J=3\\to2$ Observations of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351

    CERN Document Server

    Tan, Boon-Kok; Rigopoulou, D; Warren, B E; Wilson, C D; Attewell, D; Azimlu, M; Bendo, G J; Butner, H M; Brinks, E; Chanial, P; Clements, D L; Heesen, V; Israel, F; Knapen, J H; Matthews, H E; Mortier, A M J; Mühle,; Sánchez-Gallego, J R; Tilanus, R P J; Usero, A; van der Werf, P; Zhu, M

    2013-01-01

    We present $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} maps of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351 obtained with the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), both early targets of the JCMT Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey (NGLS). We combine the present observations with $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} data and find that the computed $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} to $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} line ratio ($R_{31}$) agrees with values measured in other NGLS field galaxies. We compute the M$_{\\rm{H_2}}$ value and find that it is robust against the value of $R_{31}$ used. Using \\textsc{Hi} data from the The \\textsc{Hi} Nearby Galaxy Survey (THINGS) survey, we find a tight correlation between surface density of H$_2$ and star formation rate density for NGC 3351 when $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} data are used. Finally, we compare the $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} intensity with the PAH 8 $\\mu$m surface brightness and find a good correlation in the high surface brightness regions. We extend this study to incl...

  6. Growth, movement and survival (Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  7. 78 FR 44594 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with...

  8. 78 FR 50099 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary...

  9. 78 FR 44593 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission has completed an inventory of human remains in consultation with...

  10. Experimental streams (Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  11. 76 FR 73664 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ...SUMMARY: The Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology...Director, Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology...possession of the Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology...County, WA, and an unknown location along the Lower Snake...

  12. 76 FR 9047 - Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-16

    ...WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Finding of No Significant...of our final comprehensive conservation plan (CCP) and finding...encompasses 5,218 acres of marshes, grasslands, and woodlands...and wildlife management, conservation, legal mandates, and...

  13. 76 FR 45600 - Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and Grant Counties, WA; Draft Comprehensive Conservation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-29

    ...WA; Draft Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Environmental Assessment...of our draft comprehensive conservation plan and environmental assessment...and wildlife management, conservation, legal mandates, and our...acres of emergent wetlands in Marsh Unit III would be...

  14. Fish abundance, composition, distribution (Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  15. 77 FR 22473 - Establishment of Area Navigation (RNAV) Routes; Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-16

    ...2120-AA66 Establishment of Area Navigation (RNAV) Routes; Seattle, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...SUMMARY: This action establishes nine new RNAV routes originating within Seattle Air Route Traffic Control Center's (ARTCC)...

  16. 76 FR 79137 - Proposed Establishment of Area Navigation (RNAV) Routes; Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-21

    ...Proposed Establishment of Area Navigation (RNAV) Routes; Seattle, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...This action proposes to establish nine new RNAV routes originating within Seattle Air Route Traffic Control Center's (ARTCC)...

  17. Monolithic electronics for the WA98 leadglass calorimeter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A set of electronics have been constructed, installed and operated for the 10,800 element leadglass photon calorimeter that is part of CERN experiment WA98 studying photon production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions of 160.A GeV208Pb with targets of Ni, Nb and Pb. Two custom monolithic CMOS circuits were developed for this project. One chip includes 8 channels each of integrator, dual gain amplifier, fast amplifier, and CFD, as well as calibration circuits for amplitude and timing, threshold DACs, and current-mode trigger sum and discriminator. The second includes 16 channels of analog memory, 8 channels of TAC, a 24-channel Wilkinson 10 bit ADC, and buffers. The system is implemented as 72 144-channel circuit boards. Custom interface boards were also developed. A set of 26 model TMS320C40 digital signal processors is used to collect, zero-suppress and format the output data. Experience with data-taking using the 208Pb beam will be reported

  18. Peculiarities occurrence and microstrip gas chambers studied through experiment WA97

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the studies on development of a Monte-Carlo type generator used for inclusive production of odd baryons and antibaryons through proton- proton and proton- nucleus collisions. Experiment WA97 consisted in designing simulation software for MSGCs (Micro-strips Gas Chambers) as well as the redefining of particle paths with the help of these chambers. This work made it possible to design the MSGC detector for experiment WA97. (TEC). 71 refs., 88 figs

  19. Annual trace-metal load estimates and flow-weighted concentrations of cadmium, lead, and zinc in the Spokane River basin, Idaho and Washington, 1999-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donato, Mary M.

    2006-01-01

    Streamflow and trace-metal concentration data collected at 10 locations in the Spokane River basin of northern Idaho and eastern Washington during 1999-2004 were used as input for the U.S. Geological Survey software, LOADEST, to estimate annual loads and mean flow-weighted concentrations of total and dissolved cadmium, lead, and zinc. Cadmium composed less than 1 percent of the total metal load at all stations; lead constituted from 6 to 42 percent of the total load at stations upstream from Coeur d'Alene Lake and from 2 to 4 percent at stations downstream of the lake. Zinc composed more than 90 percent of the total metal load at 6 of the 10 stations examined in this study. Trace-metal loads were lowest at the station on Pine Creek below Amy Gulch, where the mean annual total cadmium load for 1999-2004 was 39 kilograms per year (kg/yr), the mean estimated total lead load was about 1,700 kg/yr, and the mean annual total zinc load was 14,000 kg/yr. The trace-metal loads at stations on North Fork Coeur d'Alene River at Enaville, Ninemile Creek, and Canyon Creek also were relatively low. Trace-metal loads were highest at the station at Coeur d'Alene River near Harrison. The mean annual total cadmium load was 3,400 kg/yr, the mean total lead load was 240,000 kg/yr, and the mean total zinc load was 510,000 kg/yr for 1999-2004. Trace-metal loads at the station at South Fork Coeur d'Alene River near Pinehurst and the three stations on the Spokane River downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake also were relatively high. Differences in metal loads, particularly lead, between stations upstream and downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake likely are due to trapping and retention of metals in lakebed sediments. LOADEST software was used to estimate loads for water years 1999-2001 for many of the same sites discussed in this report. Overall, results from this study and those from a previous study are in good agreement. Observed differences between the two studies are attributable to streamflow differences in the two regression models, 1999-2001 and 1999-2004. Flow-weighted concentrations (FWCs) calculated from the estimated loads for 1999-2004 were examined to aid interpretation of metal load estimates, which were influenced by large spatial and temporal variations in streamflow. FWCs of total cadmium ranged from 0.04 micrograms per liter (?g/L) at Enaville to 14 ?g/L at Ninemile Creek. Total lead FWCs were lowest at Long Lake (1.3 ?g/L) and highest at Ninemile Creek (120 ?g/L). Elevated total lead FWCs at Harrison confirmed that the high total lead loads at this station were not simply due to higher streamflow. Conversely, relatively low total lead loads combined with high total lead FWCs at Ninemile and Canyon Creeks reflected low streamflow but high concentrations of total lead. Very low total lead FWCs (1.3 to 2.7 ?g/L) at the stations downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake are a result both of deposition of lead-laden sediments in the lake and dilution by additional streamflow. Total zinc FWCs also demonstrated the effect of streamflow on load calculations, and highlighted source areas for zinc in the basin. Total zinc FWCs at Canyon and Ninemile Creeks, 1,600 ?g/L and 2,200 ?g/L, respectively, were by far the highest in the basin but contributed among the lowest total zinc loads due to their relatively low streamflow. Total zinc FWCs ranged from 38 to 67 ?g/L at stations downstream of Coeur d'Alene Lake, but total zinc load estimates at these stations were relatively high because of high mean streamflow compared to other stations in the basin. Long-term regression models for 1991 to 2003 or 2004 were developed and annual trace-metal loads and FWCs were estimated for Pinehurst, Enaville, Harrison, and Post Falls to better understand the variability of metal loading with time. Long-term load estimates are similar to the results for 1999-2004 in terms of spatial distribution of metal loads throughout the basin. LOADEST results for 1991-2004 indicated that statistically significant downward temporal trends for dissolved and total cadmium, dissolved zinc,

  20. Dihydroaustrasulfone Alcohol (WA-25 Impedes Macrophage Foam Cell Formation by Regulating the Transforming Growth Factor-?1 Pathway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Chen Wang

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Atherosclerosis is considered an inflammatory disease. However, clinically used anti-atherosclerotic drugs, such as simvastatin, have many side effects. Recently, several unique marine compounds have been isolated that possess a variety of bioactivities. In a previous study, we found a synthetic precursor of the marine compound (austrasulfone, which is dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol (WA-25, has anti-atherosclerotic effects in vivo. However, the detailed mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, to clarify the mechanisms through which WA-25 exerts anti-atherosclerotic activity, we used RAW 264.7 macrophages as an in vitro model to evaluate the effects of WA-25. In lipopolysaccharide (LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells, WA-25 significantly inhibited expression of the pro-inflammatory proteins, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2. In contrast, simvastatin increased the COX-2 expression compared to WA-25. In addition, WA-25 impedes foam cell formation and up-regulated the lysosomal and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP signaling pathway. We also observed that transforming growth factor ?1 (TGF-?1 was up-regulated by WA-25 and simvastatin in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells, and the promising anti-atherosclerosis effects of WA-25 were disrupted by blockade of TGF-?1 signaling. Besides, WA-25 might act through increasing lipolysis than through alteration of lipid export. Taken together, these data demonstrate that WA-25 may have potential as an anti-atherosclerotic drug with anti-inflammatory effects.

  1. Coral-Derived Compound WA-25 Inhibits Angiogenesis by Attenuating the VEGF/VEGFR2 Signaling Pathway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shih-Wei Lin

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: WA-25 (dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol, a synthetic derivative of marine compound WE-2 suppresses atherosclerosis in rats by reducing neointima formation. Because angiogenesis plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the present study investigated the angiogenic function and mechanism of WA-25. Methods: The angiogenic effect of WA-25 was evaluated using a rat aortic ring assay and transgenic zebrafish models were established using transgenic Tg(fli-1:EGFPy1 and Tg(kdrl:mCherryci5-fli1a:negfpy7 zebrafish embryos. In addition, the effect of WA-25 on distinct angiogenic processes, including matrix metalloproteinase (MMP expression, endothelial cell proliferation and migration, as well as tube formation, was studied using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs. The effect of WA-25 on the endothelial vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF signaling pathway was elucidated using qRT-PCR, immunoblot analysis, immunofluorescence and flow cytometric analyses. Results: The application of WA-25 perturbed the development of intersegmental vessels in transgenic zebrafish. Moreover, WA-25 potently suppressed microvessel sprouting in organotypic rat aortic rings. Among cultured endothelial cells, WA-25 significantly and dose-dependently inhibited MMP-2/MMP-9 expression, proliferation, migration and tube formation in HUVECs. Mechanistic studies revealed that WA-25 significantly reduced the VEGF release by reducing VEGF expression at the mRNA and protein levels. In addition, WA-25 reduced surface VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2/Flk-1 expression by repressing the VEGFR2 mRNA level. Finally, an exogenous VEGF supply partially rescued the WA-25-induced angiogenesis blockage in vitro and in vivo. Conclusions: WA-25 is a potent angiogenesis inhibitor that acts through the down-regulation of VEGF and VEGFR2 in endothelial cells. General Significance: WA-25 may constitute a novel anti-angiogenic drug that acts by targeting endothelial VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling.

  2. Coral-Derived Compound WA-25 Inhibits Angiogenesis by Attenuating the VEGF/VEGFR2 Signaling Pathway

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shih-Wei; Huang, Shih-Chung; Kuo, Hsiao-Mei; Chen, Chiu-Hua; Ma, Yi-Ling; Chu, Tian-Huei; Bee, Youn-Shen; Wang, E-Ming; Wu, Chang-Yi; Sung, Ping-Jyun; Wen, Zhi-Hong; Wu, Deng-Chyang; Sheu, Jyh-Horng; Tai, Ming-Hong

    2015-01-01

    Background: WA-25 (dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol, a synthetic derivative of marine compound WE-2) suppresses atherosclerosis in rats by reducing neointima formation. Because angiogenesis plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the present study investigated the angiogenic function and mechanism of WA-25. Methods: The angiogenic effect of WA-25 was evaluated using a rat aortic ring assay and transgenic zebrafish models were established using transgenic Tg(fli-1:EGFP)y1 and Tg(kdrl:mCherryci5-fli1a:negfpy7) zebrafish embryos. In addition, the effect of WA-25 on distinct angiogenic processes, including matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression, endothelial cell proliferation and migration, as well as tube formation, was studied using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The effect of WA-25 on the endothelial vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway was elucidated using qRT-PCR, immunoblot analysis, immunofluorescence and flow cytometric analyses. Results: The application of WA-25 perturbed the development of intersegmental vessels in transgenic zebrafish. Moreover, WA-25 potently suppressed microvessel sprouting in organotypic rat aortic rings. Among cultured endothelial cells, WA-25 significantly and dose-dependently inhibited MMP-2/MMP-9 expression, proliferation, migration and tube formation in HUVECs. Mechanistic studies revealed that WA-25 significantly reduced the VEGF release by reducing VEGF expression at the mRNA and protein levels. In addition, WA-25 reduced surface VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2/Flk-1) expression by repressing the VEGFR2 mRNA level. Finally, an exogenous VEGF supply partially rescued the WA-25-induced angiogenesis blockage in vitro and in vivo. Conclusions: WA-25 is a potent angiogenesis inhibitor that acts through the down-regulation of VEGF and VEGFR2 in endothelial cells. General Significance: WA-25 may constitute a novel anti-angiogenic drug that acts by targeting endothelial VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling. PMID:25668036

  3. Ophiopogonin D maintains Ca2+ homeostasis in rat cardiomyocytes in vitro by upregulating CYP2J3/EETs and suppressing ER stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Wen-ting; Zhou, Tao; Ma, Zeng-chun; Liang, Qian-de; Xiao, Cheng-rong; Tang, Xiang-lin; Tan, Hong-ling; Zhang, Bo-li; Wang, Yu-guang; Gao, Yue

    2016-01-01

    Aim: CYP2J3 in myocardium metabolizes arachidonic acid to 4 regioisomeric epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which have diverse biological activities in rat heart. In this study we examined whether CYP2J3 was involved in cardioprotective effects of ophiopogonin D (OPD), a steroidal glycoside isolated from Chinese herb Radix ophiopogonis. Methods: Rat cardiomyoblast cell line (H9c2 cells) was tested. Intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) were measured using Fluo-4/AM. The expression of calcium-regulating molecules and ER stress signaling molecules was measured with qRT-PCR and Western blot analyses. Cell apoptosis was quantified with Hoechst 33258 staining and TUNEL assay. The level of 14,15-DHET, a stable metabolite of 14,15-EET, was assessed with ELISA. Results: Angiotensin II (10−6 mol/L) significantly decreased the expression of calcium-regulating molecules (SERCA2a, PLB, RyR2 and FKBP12.6), and elevated [Ca2+]i in H9c2 cells. Furthermore, angiotensin II markedly increased the expression of ER stress signaling molecules (GRP78, CHOP, p-JNK and cleaved caspase-12) and ER stress-mediated apoptosis. OPD (100, 250 and 500 nmol/L) dose-dependently increased CYP2J3 expression and 14,15-DHET levels in normal H9c2 cells. Pretreatment of H9c2 cells with OPD suppressed angiotensin II-induced abnormalities in Ca2+ homeostasis, ER stress responses and apoptosis. Overexpression of CYP2J3 or addition of exogenous 14,15-EET also prevented angiotensin II-induced abnormalities in Ca2+ homeostasis, whereas transfection with CYP2J3 siRNA diminished the effects of OPD on Ca2+ homeostasis. Furthermore, the intracellular Ca2+ chelator BAPTA suppressed angiotensin II-induced ER stress responses and apoptosis in H9c2 cells. Conclusion: OPD is a novel CYP2J3 inducer that may offer a therapeutic benefit in treatment of cardiovascular diseases related to disturbance of Ca2+ homeostasis and ER stress. PMID:26838069

  4. Isolation of pure compound R/J/3 from Pluchea indica (L.) Less. and its anti-amoebic activities against Entamoeba histolytica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biswas, Ria; Dutta, P K; Achari, B; Bandyopadhyay, Durba; Mishra, Moumita; Pramanik, K C; Chatterjee, T K

    2007-08-01

    The plant Pluchea indica is known for its anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, anti-pyretic, hypoglycemic, diuretic and anti-microbial activities besides many other pharmacological activities. We have isolated and purified seven compounds from the methanolic root extract of this plant by column chromatography. The compounds were identified by spectroscopic analyses. The anti-amoebic activities of the pure compound R/J/3 was investigated against the HM1 strain of Entamoeba histolytica. The compound, R/J/3 showed the most pronounced anti-proliferative activity at a dose of 50 microg/ml. It also showed a marked activity on cell lysis of trophozoites, 4h after administration. The cell lytic activity was compared with metronidazole (5 microg/ml) as positive control. PMID:17174538

  5. Verification of LOCA/ECCS analysis codes ALARM-B2 and THYDE-B1 by comparison with RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For a verification study of ALARM-B2 code and THYDE-B1 code which are the component of the JAERI code system for evaluation of BWR ECCS performance, calculations for typical small and large break LOCA in BWR were done, and compared with those by RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code. This report describes the influences of differences between the analytical models incorporated in the individual code and the problems identified by this verification study. (author)

  6. Assessing Gravity Changes at Mt. Baker, WA, 1975-2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, K. S.; Crider, J. G.; Williams-Jones, G.

    2006-12-01

    Significant micro-gravity changes have been detected at Mt. Baker, WA, from 1975-2006. Dynamic micro- gravity measurements were initiated by Steve Malone, Univ. of Washington, in March, 1975 in response to increased fumarolic activity and continued through 1981. Malone's unpublished data show that during this time, gravity decreased by 820 ?gal at the Crag View station on the southeastern flank. On the south rim of the crater, gravity decreased by 440 ?gal from 1975-1977 and increased by 220 ?gal from 1977- 1980. For this project, the Crag View and South Rim stations were reoccupied in summer 2005, and six new stations were established to be a baseline for future gravity surveys. This reoccupation of the Crag View and South Rim stations revealed maximum gravity increases of 610 and 1810 ?gal, respectively, since the previous surveys by Malone. Subsequent measurements made in 2006 confirm these findings, and errors ranged from 10-450 ?gal. Large closure errors result from long-distance transport of the gravimeter on foot. Reoccupation of the six stations established in 2005 one year later reveals almost no change at 5 of the 6 stations. At Railroad Grade station on the southern flank, a decrease of 1190 ?gal was observed that may be caused in part by the presence of a new, small body of water (~15 m3) near the gravity station and/or differences in the amount of snow present near the station. Mt. Baker's remote location and large extent of glacial ice limit the number of possible stations and increase instrumental error, limiting our ability to model gravity change. Simple spherical and cylindrical models were used to model the gravity change at the crater from 1977-2006. To account for this entire gravity change, an elevation decrease of 4.9 m, a mass increase of 1010 -1013 kg, or a density increase of up to 2.0 g/cm3 is necessary. Results of sensitivity analyses also indicate that effects from changes in snow cover and ice fluctuations could increase the observed gravity signal by as much as 125%. The observed change between 2005 and 2006 at Railroad Grade station suggests that effects from groundwater fluctuations could be significant.

  7. A Structural Analysis of the Lewiston Basin, Clarkston, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alloway, M.; Watkinson, A.; Reidel, S. P.

    2010-12-01

    The Lewiston Structure is located in southeastern Washington / west-central Idaho and is a generally E-W trending asymmetric, non-cylindrical anticline in the Columbia River Basalt Group (CRBG) that transfers displacement into the Limekiln fault system to the southeast. A serial cross-section analysis and 3-D construction of this structure shows how the fold varies along its trend and sheds light on the deformational history of the Lewiston Basin. Construction of the fold’s 3-D form shows that the fold’s wavelength increases and amplitude decreases eastward along its trend. Balanced cross-sections show approximately 5% shortening across the structure which is consistent with the Yakima Fold Belt (YFB). Although the structure is similar to the YFB, it does not form part of a belt and its local nature has been suggested to mark the cratonic boundary of the Cretaceous. Discovery of an angular unconformity in the Grande Ronde Basalt - reverse polarity unit 1 (GRB-R1) proves that the NE trending section of the fold was deforming during emplacement of R1 and allows separation of the fold into two structural domains. Analysis of the two domains using the Gauss method for heterogeneous fault-slip data indicate NW-SE shortening during R1 time and N-S shortening for post CRBG emplacement. Furthermore, slip data for strain-inversion and specification of spatial-distribution patterns help identify the existence of a transpressional tectonic environment. The nature of faulting associated with the Lewiston Structure is a topic of some debate, namely the presence of a reverse fault on the southern limb of the fold conspicuously hidden by the Snake River. The reverse fault under debate outcrops to the east of the field area and is GRB-R2 (reverse polarity unit 2) thrust over Pliocene gravels. Better control on unit thicknesses and map contacts rule out the possibility of a reverse fault exposed on the surface of the southern limb of the fold in the field area. This major fault dies out or becomes blind before reaching the ID-WA border and the conspicuous change in attitude from the north side of the river to the south is accommodated by an abrupt fold hinge beneath the river. Three-dimensional representation of how the structure varies along its trend, not to scale. A-A' crosses the location where the Snake River changes direction from E-W to S-N. G-G' was modified from Garwood and Bush (2005) and is outside of the field area.

  8. Ngugi wa Thiong'o's politics of language: commitment and complicity = A politica linguistica de Ngugi wa Thiong'o: comprometimento e cumplicidade.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ângela Lamas Rodrigues

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ngugi wa Thiong'o's politics of language has been controversially received by his critics, who tend to either overemphasize his revolutionary trajectory as an African writer or devalue his efforts to produce an African language-based literature. Through a historical and cultural analysis, the present work offers an alternative view of Ngugi treatment of the language question as a problematic, yet necessary, attempt to interrogate and alter his cultural alignments with European colonialism.A politica linguistica do escritor queniano Ngugi wa Thiong'o's e recebida de forma controversa pelos criticos, que tendem a superenfatizar sua trajetoria revolucionaria como escritor ou a depreciar seus esforcos para produzir obras literarias em linguasafricanas. A partir de uma analise historica e cultural, este ensaio oferece uma visao alternativa do tratamento dado por Ngugi a questao linguistica como uma tentativa problematica, porem necessaria, de interrogar e alterar suas aliancas culturais com o colonialismo europeu.

  9. Overview of satellite data for long-term monitoring in the Wadden Sea, WaLTER

    OpenAIRE

    Davaasuren, N.; Stapel, J.; Dankers, N.M.J.A.

    2013-01-01

    One of the aims of the WaLTER project (Wadden Sea Long-Term Ecosystem Research) is to define an integrated monitoring plan for environmental and managerial issues that are relevant to the Wadden Sea area, in relation to issues such as sea-level rise, fisheries, recreation and industrial activities. The monitoring network should provide an effective basis for decision-making, and stimulate valid data interpretation. The participants of the WaLTER project include a number of institutes and orga...

  10. 33 CFR 165.1321 - Security Zone; Protection of Military Cargo, Captain of the Port Zone Puget Sound, WA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...Military Cargo, Captain of the Port Zone Puget Sound, WA. 165.1321 Section 165.1321...Military Cargo, Captain of the Port Zone Puget Sound, WA. (a) Notice of enforcement or...enforcement. The Captain of the Port Puget Sound will enforce the security zones...

  11. 77 FR 49857 - Early Scoping Notification for the Alternatives Analysis of the Tacoma Link Expansion in Tacoma, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-17

    ... . ADDRESSES: Erin Hunter, Sound Transit, 401 S. Jackson St., Seattle, WA 98104-2826, or by email to erin.hunter@soundtransit.org . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: John Witmer, FTA Community Planner, Jackson Federal Building, 915 Second Avenue, Suite 3142, Seattle, WA 98174; Phone: (206) 220-7964; email:...

  12. A candidate packaging signal of human rotavirus differentiating Wa-like and DS-1-like genomic constellations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Yoshiyuki

    2015-09-01

    Rotavirus A (RVA) possesses a genome of 11 segmented RNAs. In human RVA, two major genomic constellations are represented by prototype strains Wa and DS-1. Here packaging signals differentiating Wa-like and DS-1-like genomic constellations were searched for by analyzing genomic sequences of Wa-like and DS-1-like strains. One pair of 11 nucleotide sites in the coding regions of viral structural protein (VP) 2 and VP6 was found to be complementary specifically among Wa-like strains. These sites tended to be free from base-pairing in secondary structures of genomic segments, suggesting that they may serve as a packaging signal in Wa-like strains. PMID:26224654

  13. A best estimate analysis of LOFT L3-6/L8-1 by RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermal-hydraulic analysis of LOCE L3-6/L8-1, which is the one of loss-of-coolant experiments (LOCEs) in the loss-of-fluid test (LOFT) facility, was performed by using RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3. Main purpose of the analysis is to assess the capability of the RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code upon the analysis of a small break LOCA in a PWR. The code calculated the thermal-hydraulic behavior in the primary and secondary systems. Calculated results showed good agreement with measured data about break flow, pressure and temperature of the primary system and fluid densities in the intact loop, but the behavior of broken loop and steam generator secondary system were not calculated well. In the course of this analysis, some improvements were found to be necessary on the modeling of pump degradation and coast down, steam generator and stagnant fluid in the broken loop. (author)

  14. 77 FR 23507 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Museum of Anthropology... culturally affiliated with the human remains may contact the Museum of Anthropology at Washington...

  15. 78 FR 78379 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-26

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Museum of Anthropology... the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University. If no additional requestors come...

  16. 76 FR 28073 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University... the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA. The human remains and... made by the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University professional staff in...

  17. 75 FR 41883 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University Pullman, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University... and control of the Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA. The human remains... in this notice. A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Museum of...

  18. 77 FR 48535 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-14

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks... Parks and Recreation Commission and the Sacajawea State Park. The human remains were removed from...

  19. 78 FR 13887 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks... Parks and Recreation Commission. The human remains were removed from Deception Pass State Park,...

  20. 77 FR 27085 - TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, WA; Notice of Negative Determination...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-08

    ... Determination was published in the Federal Register on March 6, 2012 (77 FR 13355). Pursuant to 29 CFR 90.18(c... Employment and Training Administration TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, WA; Notice of... (TAA), applicable to workers and former workers of TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek...

  1. Qi-Wa, a problem that has plagued Chinese scrolls for millenniums

    CERN Document Server

    Chou, Ming-Han; Wang, Yi-Ping; Hong, Sun-Hsin; Hong, Tzay-Ming

    2013-01-01

    Qi-Wa refers to the up curl on the lengths of handscrolls and hanging scrolls, which has troubled Chinese artisans and emperors for as long as the art of painting and calligraphy exists. This warp is unwelcomed not only for aesthetic reasons, but its potential damage to the fiber and ink. Although it is generally treated as a part of the cockling and curling due to climate, mounting procedures, and conservation conditions, we emphasize that the intrinsic curvature incurred from the storage is in fact the main cause of Qi-Wa. The Qi-Wa height is determined by experiments to obey scaling relations with the length, width, curvature, and thickness of the scroll, which are supported by Molecular Dynamics Simulation and theoretic derivations. This understanding helps us come up with plausible remedies to mitigate Qi-Wa. All proposals are tested on real mounted paper and in simulations. Due to the general nature of this warp, we believe the lessons learnt from studying ancient Chinese scrolls can be applied to moder...

  2. 76 FR 73666 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA AGENCY... Reservation, Washington; Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington; Port Gamble Indian Community of the Port...

  3. 75 FR 45055 - Security Zone; 2010 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ...Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION...the vessels while underway in the Puget Sound Captain of the Port (COTP) Area of Responsibility...zones unless authorized by the COTP, Puget Sound or Designated Representative....

  4. 77 FR 5747 - Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ...Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION...while those vessels are in the Sector Puget Sound Captain of the Port (COTP) Zone. A designated...authorized by the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound or Designated Representative....

  5. 77 FR 40521 - Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-10

    ...Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION...while those vessels are in the Sector Puget Sound Captain of the Port (COTP) Zone. A designated...authorized by the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound or Designated Representative....

  6. 77 FR 37600 - Safety Zone; Arctic Drilling and Support Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-22

    ...Arctic Drilling and Support Vessels, Puget Sound, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION...those vessels are underway in the Puget Sound Captain of the Port Zone. The safety zone...Management Division, Coast Guard Sector Puget Sound; Coast Guard; telephone...

  7. 77 FR 66479 - Public Land Order No. 7805; Extension of Public Land Order No. 6952; WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-05

    ... (57 FR 53587 (1992)), as corrected by Public Land Order No. 6962 (58 FR 18163 ] (1993)), which... Bureau of Land Management Public Land Order No. 7805; Extension of Public Land Order No. 6952; WA AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This order extends the duration of...

  8. SUMMARY OF FERTILITY CHARACTERISTICS OF THE USDA GARLIC COLLECTION WHEN GROWN IN PULLMAN, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    The USDA garlic (Allium sativum and Allium longicuspis) collection is maintained at the ARS, Western Regional Plant Introduction Station (WRPIS) in Pullman, WA. This collection comprises 269 accessions of which 153 are hardneck (flower producing) types. The fertility characteristics of these ac...

  9. 78 FR 40819 - Washington Disaster # WA-00038 Declaration of Economic Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-08

    ... WA-00038 Declaration of Economic Injury AGENCY: U.S. Small...SUMMARY: This is a notice of an Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL...Incident: Interstate 5 Bridge Collapse. Incident Period: 05/23...declaration, applications for economic injury disaster loans...

  10. CONTROL: the run control program used on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The criteria are described which have been used in the design of CONTROL, a program in the WA62 VAX Native mode data acquisition system which serves the triple purpose of driving a status display, an operator's console and a message reporter. (U.K.)

  11. 78 FR 12234 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 110 RIN 1625-AA01 Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA Correction In rule document 2013-03121, appearing on pages 9811-9814 in the issue of Tuesday, February...

  12. 77 FR 21868 - Safety Zone; Marina Salvage, Bellingham Bay, Bellingham, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-12

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Marina Salvage, Bellingham Bay, Bellingham... safety zone in and around the Squalicum Harbor Marina, located in Bellingham, WA. This action is... by a marina fire, which produced sunken vessels, and requires emergency salvage operations. Under 5...

  13. The Utility of the Lambert Function W[a exp(a - bt)] in Chemical Kinetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Brian Wesley

    2010-01-01

    The mathematical Lambert function W[a exp(a - bt)] is used to find integrated rate laws for several examples, including simple enzyme and Lindemann-Christiansen-Hinshelwood (LCH) unimolecular decay kinetics. The results derived here for the well-known LCH mechanism as well as for a dimer-monomer reaction mechanism appear to be novel. A nonlinear…

  14. 77 FR 2992 - Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and Grant Counties, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-20

    ...WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Finding of No Significant...of our final comprehensive conservation plan (CCP) and a finding...and wildlife management, conservation, legal mandates, and our...that 175 acres of emergent marsh wetlands in Marsh Unit...

  15. 75 FR 41774 - Proposed Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-19

    ... Executive Order 12866; (2) is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR... continues to read as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3...; Deer Park, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed...

  16. 75 FR 61609 - Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... controlled airspace at Deer Park, WA (75 FR 41774). Interested parties were invited to participate in this...'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does not warrant... follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963...

  17. Draft Genome Sequence of Purine-Degrading Gottschalkia purinilyticum (Formerly Clostridium purinilyticum) WA1 (DSM 1384)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poehlein, Anja; Bengelsdorf, Frank R.; Schiel-Bengelsdorf, Bettina; Daniel, Rolf

    2015-01-01

    Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Gottschalkia purinilyticum (formerly Clostridium purinilyticum) WA1, an anaerobic bacterium specialized on degradation of purines (including adenine) and glycine, which uses the selenoprotein glycine reductase for substrate degradation. The genome consists of a single chromosome (3.40 Mb). PMID:26404607

  18. WA84 experiment: A beauty search with a scintillating-fibre microvertex detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper gives a review of the physics aims of the fixed-target experiment WA84, currently being conducted at CERN, and of the methods used. The operation and performance of the scintillating-fibre microvertex detector are described. (orig.)

  19. 78 FR 38829 - Special Local Regulations; Seattle Seafair Hydroplane Race, Lake Washington, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-28

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 Special Local Regulations; Seattle Seafair Hydroplane Race, Lake... Guard will enforce the Seattle Seafair Unlimited Hydroplane Race Special Local Regulation on Lake Washington, WA from 8 a.m. on August 2, 2013, through 11:59 p.m. on August 4, 2013, during hydroplane...

  20. The Use of Wa’Dan in Islamic Contract FX Forward: Weighting between Maslahah and Mafsadah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azlin Alisa Ahmad

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Islamic foreign exchange forward contract widely use the principle of wa’d in order to fulfil the need of hedging. The contract is an alternative solution to conventional forward contract, whereby one party will promise to the other party to exchange currency at an agreed rate for a future date. The adaptation of wa’d (unilateral promise or wa’dan (two unilateral promise is seen as an exit mechanism or makharij to the impermissible conventional derivatives contract. Some opined that it is merely mimicking conventional products and labelling them as 'Islamic' in form alone. As a subsequence, it gives the same effect as conventional derivative contract and would create some economic problems. Hence, the objective of this paper is to examine the Islamic foreign exchange forward contract based on wa’dan in shariah perspectives, whether it will attain maslahah or mafsadah to the people. This study took the form of a qualitative study using the approach of content analysis method as a research design. Documents analysed in this study are al-Quran and some related maxims of jurisprudence. This study found that Islamic foreign exchange forward contract give some maslahah to the parties involved, including investors, financial institutions, corporate sectors, and Islamic economy at large. This is due to the urgent need of the Islamic economy to the Islamic hedging to solve the problem of price volatility in the market. Nevertheless, the adaptation of wa’dan principle in the Islamic foreign exchange forward contract would also lead to mafsadah as it would threaten the economy if the contract is misused for merely speculation purposes.

  1. Water Accounting Plus (WA+) - a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karimi, P.; Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Molden, D.

    2013-07-01

    Coping with water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links depletion to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper, we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+), which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use and landscape evapotranspiration on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. WA+ presents four sheets including (i) a resource base sheet, (ii) an evapotranspiration sheet, (iii) a productivity sheet, and (iv) a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarise the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g., climate change) and internal influences (e.g., infrastructure building) can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used to acquire a vast amount of required data but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

  2. Water Accounting Plus (WA+ – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Molden

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Coping with the issue of water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links hydrological flows to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+, which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. Analogous to financial accounting, WA+ presents four sheets including (i a resource base sheet, (ii a consumption sheet, (iii a productivity sheet, and (iv a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarize the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g. climate change and internal influences (e.g. infrastructure building can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used for 3 out of the 4 sheets, but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

  3. Wa Wa We Wa! / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Briti koomik Sacha Baron Cohen ja tema loodud peategelasega film "Borat - kultuurialased õppetunnid Ameerikast abiks suursuguse Kasahstani riigi ülesehitamisel", režissöör Larry Charles : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2006. Lisaks "Seigad Coheni elust"

  4. 77 FR 56611 - Foreign-Trade Zone 216-Olympia, WA; Authorization of Production Activity; Callisons, Inc. (Mint...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... Federal Register inviting public comment (77 FR 28568, 5-15-2012). The FTZ Board has determined that no..., Inc. (Mint Products); Lacey and Chehalis, WA On May 10, 2012, the Port of Olympia, grantee of FTZ...

  5. 75 FR 5626 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA INT-DES...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-03

    ... of Reclamation (Reclamation) published a notice in the Federal Register on April 8, 2009 (74 FR 16007... County, WA INT-DES 10-03 AGENCY: Bureau of Reclamation, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Availability of...

  6. WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation: Analysis and applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We introduce the concept of conformal spin gradation of the untwisted affine Lie superalgebra A-circumflex(n -1 modul n - 1)(1) to study the WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation. We show that the essential of A-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) may be read from the conformal spin gradation of the canonical vector basis of the SL(n modul n) vector representation space V2n and a spectral parameter ?. We give the generic formula of their conformal spin weights. Then, we set up the fundamentals of a manifestly N = 2 U(1) Lax formalism leading to a manifestly N = 2 WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation. Its explicit form is obtained and is shown to have a similar structure as in the N = 0 case. Both N = 0 WA-circumflex(n - 1)(1) and N = 2 WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformations involve (n - 1) N = 0 and N = 2 conserved currents with integer conformal spins. The leading cases are discussed. Using the U(1) charge of the N = 2 algebra, we develop also a new method of constructing N = 2 superfield realizations of the N = 2 higher spin supercurrents. Among other results, we find that in general there are three series of (n - 1) higher conformal spin N = 2 supercurrents. The usual N = 2 super W currents are the only hermitian ones. At the n = 3 level, we find a new Feigin Fuchs type extension of the conformal spin one N = 2 supercurrent. Such a feature, which has no analogue at the n = 2 level, is also present for n>3. Finally, we give the N = 2 superfield formulation of the N = 2 Boussinesq equation and its generalization involving complex N = 2 supercurrents. (author). 27 refs

  7. Pra Na Wa Ka: The Development of Training Course for Continuing Buddhism

    OpenAIRE

    Phra M.P. Romphothanthong; Wisanee Siltragool; Anchalee Chantapo

    2012-01-01

    Problem statement: Buddhism is a religion that requires meditation, practice, intellectual precepts of the threefold-training such as morality, concentration and wisdom. The purpose of practicing Buddhism is the goal of deliverance through attaining knowledge and wisdom. The Pra Na Wa Ka are newly ordained monks and needed to study both of the scriptures and the practice for appreciating understanding in morality, concentration and wisdom. A training model and guidelines are needed to improve...

  8. Qi-Wa, a problem that has plagued Chinese scrolls for millenniums

    OpenAIRE

    Chou, Ming-Han; Shen, Wei-Chao; Wang, Yi-Ping; Hung, Sun-Hsin; Hong, Tzay-ming

    2013-01-01

    Qi-Wa refers to the up curl on the lengths of handscrolls and hanging scrolls, which has troubled Chinese artisans and emperors for as long as the art of painting and calligraphy exists. This warp is unwelcomed not only for aesthetic reasons, but its potential damage to the fiber and ink. Although it is generally treated as a part of the cockling and curling due to climate, mounting procedures, and conservation conditions, we emphasize that the intrinsic curvature incurred f...

  9. Elements of Orality in Ngugi Wa Thiong ’o ’s Wizard of the Crow

    OpenAIRE

    Osaaji, Mumia Geoffrey

    2011-01-01

    Many African writers have turned to oral literature for inspiration. In this paper, I examine Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s novel Wizard of the Crow and explain the stylistic (aesthetic) and didactic significance of its oral features. Some of the features of orality that I have identified include oral dialogue between characters, stylistic allusions and digressions, embedded oral narratives, proverbs, riddles, magic realism and the polyphony of narrative voices. Orality adds local flavour and realism t...

  10. Proposal for a Performance Dashboard for the Monitoringof Water and Sewage Service Companies (WaSCs)

    OpenAIRE

    Franceschini, Fiorenzo

    2012-01-01

    The water and sewage industry provides an essential service to the community, but it is characterized by natural monopoly tendencies of service suppliers. In this framework, it is very important to assist regulators with a small set of critical indicators (performance dashboard) for the evaluation and monitoring of the service provided by Water and Sewage Companies (WaSCs). The paper originates from the analysis of situation of Piemonte (Italy), where each regional and local body adopts a pro...

  11. Relativistic ab initio calculations of the P-odd interaction constant W_A in diatomic molecules

    CERN Document Server

    Borschevsky, A; Dzuba, V A; Beloy, K; Flambaum, V V; Schwerdtfeger, P

    2012-01-01

    We present ab initio calculations of the W_A parameter of the P-odd spin-rotational Hamiltonian for a variety of diatomic molecules, including group-2 and -12 halides. The results were obtained by the relativistic Dirac-Hartree-Fock approach and corrected for electron correlation. Strong enhancement of the W_A parameter is found for the group-12 diatomic halides, which will be helpful in future determination of the nuclear anapole moment from rotational hyperfine measurements.

  12. High resolution observations of HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 in the disk and outflow of Mrk231 -Detection of vibrationally excited HCN in the warped nucleus

    CERN Document Server

    Aalto, S; Muller, S; Winters, J M; Gonzalez-Alfonso, E; van der Werf, P; Henkel, C; Costagliola, F; Neri, R

    2014-01-01

    We obtained high resolution (0."25 to 0."90) observations of HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 of the ultraluminous QSO galaxy Mrk231 with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. We find luminous HCN and HCO+ 3-2 emission in the main disk and we detect compact (r350 pc) line wings are found for HCN 3-2 with velocities +-750 km/s. Line ratios indicate that the emission is emerging in dense gas n=1e4 - 5e5 cm-3 of elevated HCN abundance X(HCN)=1e-8 to 1e-6. High X(HCN) also allows for the emission to originate in gas of more moderate density. We tentatively detect nuclear emission from the reactive ion HOC+ with HCO+/HOC+=10-20. The HCN v2=1f line emission is consistent with the notion of a hot, dusty, warped inner disk of Mrk231 where the v2=1f line is excited by bright mid-IR 14 micron continuum. We estimate the vibrational temperature T_vib to 200-400 K. We propose that 50% of the main HCN emission may have its excitation affected by the radiation field through IR pumping of the vibrational ground state. The HCN emission ...

  13. 12CO(J=2->1) and CO(J=3->2) observations of Virgo Cluster spiral galaxies with the KOSMA telescope global properties

    CERN Document Server

    Hafok, H

    2003-01-01

    We present 12CO(J=2->1) and CO(J=3->2) observations of quiescent Virgo Cluster spiral galaxies with the KOSMA 3m submm telescope. The beam sizes of 80" at 345 GHz and 120" at 230 GHz are well suited for the investigation of global properties of Virgo Cluster galaxies. The observed sample was selected based on previous 12CO(J=1->0) detections by Stark et al. (1986), performed with the AT&T Bell Laboratory 7m telescope (beam size 100"). We were able to detect 18 spiral galaxies in 12CO(2->1) and 16 in 12CO(3->2). Beam matched observations of the lowest three 12CO transitions allow us to compare our results with previous high spatial resolution studies of (moderate) starburst galaxies and galactic core regions. We discuss the global excitation conditions of the ISM in these quiescent spiral galaxies. The resulting CO (3--2)/(1--0) integrated line ratios vary over a relatively narrow range of values from 0.35 to 0.14 (on a K km/s-scale) with increasing CO (2--1)/(1--0) ratio (from 0.5 to 1.1). The line ratios...

  14. Mechanism of Al-Wa’Ad (Promise: Teory and Application in Islamic Banking in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nor Adila bt. Mohd Noor

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Contract according to Syariah Law can be defined as being “an expression of the matching between a positive proposal made by one of the contractors and the acceptance of the other contractor in a way which has an impact on the subject of the contract” . There are standard requirements provides by the law in order to constitute a valid binding contract namely offer, acceptance, consideration, and intention to create legal relation. This requirement is more or less the same with the Islamic ‘aqad’ however it comes together with the package the prohibition of any element of uncertainty, interest, etc to make sure it complies with the syariah standard. Most of the conventional contract has ignored few aspects of the Islamic contract such as non-spot in the exchange of ribawi item, unjustified increase of premium, and conditional aqad which are totally prohibited. Therefore Islamic Banking in Malaysia has put strong effort to curb these problems and provides a way out by introducing many syariah compliance products and concepts and one of them is al- wa’ad which is the main concern on this article. As a result, by doing this research, it can help people to discover how far the concept of al-wa’ad had been applied in Islamic Banking in Malaysia by comparing its application among few banks including Islamic Bank as well as conventional banks with Islamic Banking window.
    Key words: Al-Wa’ad (promise; Islamic Banking; Teory and application; Islamic transaction

    Résumé: Contrat selon la syariah peut être définie comme étant «une expression de l'adéquation entre une proposition positive faite par l'un des contractants et l'acceptation de l'autre contractant d'une manière qui a une incidence sur l'objet du contrat». Il ya des exigences standard fournit par la loi afin de constituer un contrat valable à savoir offre, l'acceptation, la considération, et l'intention de créer des relations juridiques. Cette exigence est plus ou moins la même chose avec l'Organisation islamique pour «AQAD 'quoi qu'il arrive avec le paquet de l'interdiction de tout élément d'incertitude, intérêts, etc pour s'assurer qu'elle est conforme à la norme de la charia. La plupart du contrat conventionnel a ignoré quelques aspects du contrat islamique comme la non-lieu dans l'échange de point ribawi, l'augmentation injustifiée de la prime, et AQAD conditionnel, qui sont totalement interdites. Par conséquent, les banques islamiques en Malaisie a mis effort sérieux pour mettre fin à ces problèmes et fournit un moyen de sortir par l'introduction de nombreux produits de la charia et le respect des concepts et l'un d'eux est Al-Wa'ad qui est la principale préoccupation de cet article. En conséquence, en effectuant cette recherche, il peut aider les gens à découvrir dans quelle mesure la notion d'al-Wa'ad avait été appliquée dans les banques islamiques en Malaisie, en comparant son application entre quelques banques dont la Banque islamique ainsi que les banques classiques.
    Mots-Clés: AL-Wa'ad (promesse; baques islamiques, théorie et applications, transaction islamique

  15. Influences of the long term aging and creep deformation on precipitation behavior in SUS410J3. 2. Observations and analyses by transmition electron microscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The applicability of high chromium ferritic steels to structural materials of the next Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) is investigated in the feasibility study on commercialized FBR cycle systems, since both of thermal properties and high temperature strength of the steels are superior to those of conventional austenitic stainless steels. Microstructures of martensitic stainless steel SUS410J3 used in thermal power plants were examined by transmition electron microscopy to clarify the influences of long term aging and loading on precipitation behavior. The almost same material modified thorough heat treatment was also examined. As a result, the following conclusions were obtained: (1) Influence of heat treatment condition on precipitation behavior was insignificant as far as this study examined. (2) Laves phase was observed in a 12Cr steel tempered at 718degC and aged at 550degC for 160h. It was suggested that Laves phase might precipitate on early stage of aging. (3) Though two types of Laves phase were observed, the difference between them could not be found except the shape as far as this study examined. (4) Low precipitation density areas were observed in 550degC/4,500h creep ruptured specimen. Those were resulted from growth of subgrain with creep deformation. (5) All of Nb was precipitated as NbC which was stable during aging and/or creep as far as this study examined. (6) In ?-ferrite, only V-carbides were observed in the as-received 12Cr steel tempered at 770degC, and only needle type Laves phase precipitated after long term aging. (7) TEM-EDX analyses revealed that chemical compositions of M23C6 and Laves phase never changed during aging and/or creep deformation. It was supposed that solid solution W was precipitated as Laves phase during aging and/or creep deformation. (author)

  16. State of project and conceptual design work on the WA-350 reprocessing facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the integrated waste management concept, according to decisions made by government heads of the Federal Government and of the States, construction and operation of a 350-t-U-reprocessing plant is urgently necessary for the maintaining and for further development of the reprocessing technology. Provided that the construction of a WA 350 can be begun in the year 1984, this plant might make its contribution to meet the energy demand from 1993 on. The plant concept, the safety-technical design of the plant and the time table of its construction are explained. (orig./RB)

  17. Gigabit Access Passive Optical Network Using Wavelength Division Multiplexing—GigaWaM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iglesias Olmedo, Miguel; Suhr, Lau; Prince, Kamau; Rodes, Roberto; Mikkelsen, Christian Ingemann; Hviid, Erling; Neumeyr, Christian; Vollrath, Gunther; Goobar, Edgard; Ohlen, Peter; Tafur Monroy, Idelfonso

    2014-01-01

    This paper summarizes the research and technical achievements done under the EU project GigaWaM. The goal of this project was to develop a cost-effective solution that can meet the increasing bandwidth demands in access networks. The approach was to use a novel wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) architecture that can deliver symmetric 1 Gb/s to 64 users over 20 km standard single mode fiber using the L and C bands for down and upstream, respectively. During the co...

  18. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of the vWA domain of human anthrax toxin receptor 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The vWA domain of human anthrax toxin receptor 1 was overexpressed in E. coli, purified and crystallized. Diffraction data were collected to 1.8 Å resolution. The Gram-positive spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis causes anthrax by secreting anthrax toxin, which consists of protective antigen (PA), lethal factor and oedema factor. Binding of PA to receptors triggers the multi-step process of anthrax toxin entry into target cells. Two distinct cellular receptors, ANTXR1 (also known as tumour endothelial marker 8; TEM8) and ANTXR2 (also known as capillary morphogenesis protein 2; CMG2), for anthrax toxin have been identified. Although the crystal structure of the extracellular von Willebrand factor A (vWA) domain of CMG2 has been reported, the difference between the vWA domains of TEM8 and CMG2 remains unclear because there are no structural data for the TEM8 vWA domain. In this report, the TEM8 vWA domain was expressed, purified and crystallized. X-ray diffraction data were collected to 1.8 Å resolution from a single crystal, which belonged to space group P1 with unit-cell parameters a = 65.9, b = 66.1, c = 74.4 Å, ? = 63.7, ? = 88.2, ? = 59.9°

  19. Wa re o Bona e Hlotša, wa e Nametša Thaba! Bibele, Basadi ba MaAfrika ba Afrika-Borwa le HIV le AIDS

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Madipoane, Masenya.

    Full Text Available The question of the history of the reception of the Christian Bible in South Africa particularly by African- South Africans has not been a smooth ride. It was part of a bigger package that included among others, the importation of European patriarchy onto African soil, the land grabbing exercise whi [...] ch resulted in among others, the impoverishment of African peoples and, the emasculation of the African man. The latter in turn led to the intensification of patriarchy within the average African family. The preceding situation, was not helpful to the context and/or situation of African women who were already then, at the bottom of the patriarchal ladder, because, as can be expected, within the context of the Black church and theology then, little if any except for a handful of liberation theologians and members of some ecumenical bodies, was done to make the theology propagated then, relevant to pertinent issues which affected the lives of Black people. Given the historical marginalisation of women in the Bible and Theology, not only in South Africa, but also globally, it becomes obvious that even in our context, mainstream theology and biblical hermeneutics left issues pertaining to gender justice basically untouched. It is no wonder, as we will argue in this paper, that given that already vulnerable situation into which African women have been thrown into by the preceding factors as well as by how the Bible continues to be used in our HIV and AIDS contexts, their situation may be succinctly captured as that of a limping animal that has been made to climb the mountain! The Northern Sotho proverb or saying: Wa re o bona e hlotša, wa e nametša thaba (while limping, you let it climb the mountain) simply means that a certain situation is being aggravated (by an external factor). The present article will use the preceding proverb as a hermeneutical lens through which to analyse the reception of the Bible by African women in the HIV and AIDS context of South Africa.

  20. Wa re o Bona e Hlotša, wa e Nametša Thaba! Bibele, Basadi ba Maafrika ba Afrika-Borwa le HIV le AIDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madipoane Masenya(ngwan’a Mphahlele

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The question of the history of the reception of the Christian Bible in South Africa particularly by African- South Africans has not been a smooth ride. It was part of a bigger package that included among others, the importation of European patriarchy onto African soil, the land grabbing exercise which resulted in among others, the impoverishment of African peoples and, the emasculation of the African man. The latter in turn led to the intensification of patriarchy within the average African family. The preceding situation, was not helpful to the context and/or situation of African women who were already then, at the bottom of the patriarchal ladder, because, as can be expected, within the context of the Black church and theology then, little if any except for a handful of liberation theologians and members of some ecumenical bodies, was done to make the theology propagated then, relevant to pertinent issues which affected the lives of Black people.Given the historical marginalisation of women in the Bible and Theology, not only in South Africa, but also globally, it becomes obvious that even in our context, mainstream theology and biblical hermeneutics left issues pertaining to gender justice basically untouched. It is no wonder, as we will argue in this paper, that given that already vulnerable situation into which African women have been thrown into by the preceding factors as well as by how the Bible continues to be used in our HIV and AIDS contexts, their situation may be succinctly captured as that of a limping animal that has been made to climb the mountain! The Northern Sotho proverb or saying: Wa re o bona e hlotša, wa e nametša thaba (while limping, you let it climb the mountain simply means that a certain situation is being aggravated (by an external factor. The present article will use the preceding proverb as a hermeneutical lens through which to analyse the reception of the Bible by African women in the HIV and AIDS context of South Africa.

  1. Flow analysis with WaSiM-ETH – model parameter sensitivity at different scales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Cullmann

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available WaSiM-ETH (Gurtz et al., 2001, a widely used water balance simulation model, is tested for its suitability to serve for flow analysis in the context of rainfall runoff modelling and flood forecasting. In this paper, special focus is on the resolution of the process domain in space as well as in time. We try to couple model runs with different calculation time steps in order to reduce the effort arising from calculating the whole flow hydrograph at the hourly time step. We aim at modelling on the daily time step for water balance purposes, switching to the hourly time step whenever high-resolution information is necessary (flood forecasting. WaSiM-ETH is used at different grid resolutions, thus we try to become clear about being able to transfer the model in spatial resolution. We further use two different approaches for the overland flow time calculation within the sub-basins of the test watershed to gain insights about the process dynamics portrayed by the model. Our findings indicate that the model is very sensitive to time and space resolution and cannot be transferred across scales without recalibration.

  2. Results from CERN WA97/NA57 experiment on strange baryon production in Pb-Pb collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Fini, R A

    2003-01-01

    The CERN WA97 and NA57 experiments have been designed to study strange and multistrange particle production in Pb-Pb interactions at SPS energies. The strange baryon and antibaryon enhancements in Pb-Pb with respect to proton induced reactions, first observed by WA97 at 160 A GeV/c beam momentum, nicely fit with the expectations for the formation of a deconfined state of matter in relativistic heavy ion collisions. The results on the experimental program performed by its successor, NA57, to investigate the onset of deconfinement are presented. (5 refs).

  3. AFSC/NMML/CCEP: California Current Ecosystem Program and Cascadia Research Collective: Aerial and small boat line transect data in waters of OR/WA/BC from 1989, 1990, 1991, 1996, 1997, 2002, and 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Marine Mammal Laboratory (NMML) a division of NOAA's Alaska Fisheries Science Center (Seattle, WA) and Cascadia Research Collective (Olympia, WA)...

  4. 75 FR 5941 - Umatilla National Forest, Walla Walla Ranger District, Walla Walla, WA; Cobbler II Timber Sale...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-05

    ... where visual quality is a concern, mainly along Forest Road (FR) 62. Road Management--To accomplish... Forest Service Umatilla National Forest, Walla Walla Ranger District, Walla Walla, WA; Cobbler II Timber... approximately 34,000 acres in size. Proposed project activities consist of commercial timber harvest,...

  5. 77 FR 58533 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the W.A. Parish Post...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-21

    ...880-acre W.A. Parish Plant in rural Fort Bend County near the...A new natural gas fired cogeneration plant, estimated to be 80...crosses sparsely populated rural and agricultural lands...technology; Integration of a cogeneration plant into the project...

  6. JNES's Activities in the Extra-budgetary Programme of the International Seismic Safety Centre: WA1 Seismic Hazard

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Issues in design basis ground motion development, the study items of Work Area 1 of IAEA/ISSC/EBP, and JNES's contributions were explained. It was also noted that the discussions and resolutions of this WS would be summarized in a technical document as task 1.4 of WA1. (author)

  7. 75 FR 53735 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on East Lake Sammamish Master Plan Trail in King County, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ... Federal Highway Administration Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on East Lake Sammamish Master Plan Trail in King County, WA AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of... notice, FHWA is advising the public of final agency actions subject to 23 U.S.C. 139(l)(1). A...

  8. 77 FR 49857 - Early Scoping Notification for the Alternatives Analysis of the Tacoma Link Expansion in Tacoma, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-17

    ...the Alternatives Analysis of the Tacoma Link Expansion in Tacoma, WA AGENCY: Federal...alternatives for expanding the existing Tacoma Link light rail transit system in Tacoma, Pierce...development. Early scoping for the Tacoma Link Expansion project is in accordance...

  9. WA92: a fixed target experiment to trigger on and identify beauty particle decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe the detectors and trigger system used in the CERN WA92 experiment. The experiment was designed to study the production and decay of beauty particles from 350 GeV/c ?- interactions in copper and tungsten targets. Charged particle tracking is performed using the omega spectrometer. Silicon microstrip detectors are used to provide precise tracking information in the region of the production and the decay of heavy-flavoured particles and to trigger on the resulting high impact parameter tracks. The precision of vertex reconstruction corresponds to ±3.7% of the mean B-decay proper lifetime. Lepton and high transverse momentum hadron signals are also used in the trigger, which accepts 29% of B-decays and rejects 98% of non-beauty interactions. (orig.)

  10. Inactivation of Adenovirus Type 5, Rotavirus WA and Male Specific Coliphage (MS2 in Biosolids by Lime Stabilization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aaron B. Margolin

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The use of lime to reduce or eliminate pathogen content is a cost-effective treatment currently employed in many Class B biosolids production plants in the United States. A bench scale model of lime stabilization was designed to evaluate the survival of adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and the male specific bacteriophage, MS2, in various matrices. Each virus was initially evaluated independently in a reverse osmosis treated water matrix limed with an aqueous solution of calcium hydroxide for 24-hr at 22 ± 5°C. In all R/O water trials, adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa and MS2 were below detectable levels (<100.5 TCID50/mL and <1 PFU/mL respectively following 0.1-hr of liming. Adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and MS2, were inoculated into composted, raw and previously limed matrices, representative of sludge and biosolids, to achieve a final concentration of approximately 104 PFU or TCID50/mL. Each matrix was limed for 24-hr at 22 ± 5°C and 4 ± 2°C. In all trials virus was below detectable levels following a 24-hr incubation. The time required for viral inactivation varied depending on the temperature and sample matrix. This research demonstrates reduction of adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and male-specific bacteriophage, in water, sludge and biosolids matrices following addition of an 8% calcium hydroxide slurry to achieve a pH of 12 for 2-hr reduced to 11.5 for 22-hr by addition of 0.1 N HCl. In these trials, MS2 was a conservative indicator of the efficacy of lime stabilization of adenovirus Type 5 and rotavirus Wa and therefore is proposed as a useful indicator organism.

  11. Water Accounting Plus (WA+ – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Karimi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Coping with water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links depletion to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper, we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+, which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use and landscape evapotranspiration on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. WA+ presents four sheets including (i a resource base sheet, (ii an evapotranspiration sheet, (iii a productivity sheet, and (iv a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarise the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g., climate change and internal influences (e.g., infrastructure building can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used to acquire a vast amount of required data but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

  12. Reaction of atom on the deexcitation of nuclear isomeric state E = 3.5 ± 1 eV J=3/2+ in 229Th. Some characteristics of isomer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One studied a group of phenomena associated with deexcitation of E = 3.5 ± 1 eV, J = 3/2+ unique isomeric level in 229Th nucleus. Studies were conducted both in terms of the Dirac-Fock method and on the basis of the Dirac-Fock multiconfiguration method. One introduced definition of discrete conversion factors differing from the previously accepted one

  13. Spokane Community College Library Serials Operation Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waesche, Betty; Cargill, Katie

    Listed are general policies for handling periodicals and specific policies for their acquisition, renewal, and processing, as well as procedures for checking in and claiming periodicals and handling duplicate copies. Flowcharts accompany procedural statements for claiming and checking-in periodicals and for dealing with duplicates. Specific duties…

  14. Summary of surface-water-quality data collected for the Northern Rockies Intermontane Basins National Water-Quality Assessment Program in the Clark Fork-Pend Oreille and Spokane River basins, Montana, Idaho, and Washington, water years 1999-2001

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckwith, Michael A.

    2003-01-01

    Water-quality samples were collected at 10 sites in the Clark Fork-Pend Oreille and Spokane River Basins in water years 1999 – 2001 as part of the Northern Rockies Intermontane Basins (NROK) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. Sampling sites were located in varied environments ranging from small streams and rivers in forested, mountainous headwater areas to large rivers draining diverse landscapes. Two sampling sites were located immediately downstream from the large lakes; five sites were located downstream from large-scale historical mining and oreprocessing areas, which are now the two largest “Superfund” (environmental remediation) sites in the Nation. Samples were collected during a wide range of streamflow conditions, more frequently during increasing and high streamflow and less frequently during receding and base-flow conditions. Sample analyses emphasized major ions, nutrients, and selected trace elements. Streamflow during the study ranged from more than 130 percent of the long-term average in 1999 at some sites to 40 percent of the long-term average in 2001. River and stream water in the study area exhibited small values for specific conductance, hardness, alkalinity, and dissolved solids. Dissolved oxygen concentrations in almost all samples were near saturation. Median total nitrogen and total phosphorus concentrations in samples from most sites were smaller than median concentrations reported for many national programs and other NAWQA Program study areas. The only exceptions were two sites downstream from large wastewater-treatment facilities, where median concentrations of total nitrogen exceeded the national median. Maximum concentrations of total phosphorus in samples from six sites exceeded the 0.1 milligram per liter threshold recommended for limiting nuisance aquatic growth. Concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead, mercury, and zinc were largest in samples from sites downstream from historical mining and ore-processing areas in the upper Clark Fork in Montana and the South Fork Coeur d’Alene River in Idaho. Concentrations of dissolved lead in all 32 samples from the South Fork Coeur d’Alene River exceeded the Idaho chronic criterion for the protection of aquatic life at the median hardness level measured during the study. Concentrations of dissolved zinc in all samples collected at this site exceeded both the chronic and acute criteria at all hardness levels measured. When all data from all NROK sites were combined, median concentrations of dissolved arsenic, dissolved and total recoverable copper, total recoverable lead, and total recoverable zinc in the NROK study area appeared to be similar to or slightly smaller than median concentrations at sites in other NAWQA Program study areas in the Western United States affected by historical mining activities. Although the NROK median total recoverable lead concentration was the smallest among the three Western study areas compared, concentrations in several NROK samples were an order of magnitude larger than the maximum concentrations measured in the Upper Colorado River and Great Salt Lake Basins. Dissolved cadmium, dissolved lead, and total recoverable zinc concentrations at NROK sites were more variable than in the other study areas; concentrations ranged over almost three orders of magnitude between minimum and maximum values; the range of dissolved zinc concentrations in the NROK study area exceeded three orders of magnitude.

  15. 76 FR 22863 - Designation for the Lewiston, ID Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-25

    ... hours (7 CFR 1.27(c)). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In the January 4, 2011, Federal Register (76 FR 317..., Othello, Pasco, Quincy, Spokane, and Yakima, WA. Section 7(f)(1) of the USGSA authorizes...

  16. MODERNISM AS A FAILED UTOPIA: A POSTCOLONIAL CRITIQUE OF WOLE SOYINKA’S DEATH AND THE KING’S HORSEMAN AND NGUGI WA THIONG’O AND NGUGI WA MIRII’S, I WILL MARRY WHEN I WANT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etop Akwang

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Ever since becoming a hegemonic cultural project erected on the foundations of self-acclaimed Western cultural legitimizations or superiority, modernism has been fiercely criticized for failing in its civilizing mission in Africa and in the introduction of corruption. African literature, especially its modern dramatic expressions, internalizes many examples and instances of the failure of the modernist project, with the ascendancy of poverty and/or deprivation, and the cultural and spatial domination of Africa and Africans. Of the lot, Wole Soyinka’s Death and the King’s Horseman and Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ngugi wa Mirii’s I Will Marry When I Want have been selected as thesis plays that provide explications on the status of modernism as a failed utopia. Our study relies on in-depth textual analysis pinioned on the cultural theory of Postcolonialism.

  17. Luise Millerin und Ne'mat - die weiblichen Hauptfiguren von "Kabale und Liebe" und "Afwah wa Araneb" im Vergleich

    OpenAIRE

    Rascha Muhammad ‘OrabiRasch ‘Abdel ‘Aziz Muhammad ‘Orabi

    2013-01-01

    Dieser Beitrag  verfolgt  das Ziel, die weibliche Hauptfigur im deutschen Drama "Kabale und Liebe" und im arabischen Drama "Afwah wa Araneb" zu charakterisieren und miteinander zu vergleichen. Dabei werden die inneren sowie die zwischenmenschlichen Konflikte dieser beiden Frauen aufgezeigt und verglichen. Es macht sich bemerkbar, wie ähnlich die Schicksale der beiden weiblichen Hauptfiguren sind, die nach den Wertvorstellungen des Vaters oder des Familienoberhauptes leben müssen. Sie können a...

  18. Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA

    OpenAIRE

    Streichert Laura C; Rehm Colin D; Moudon Anne V; Hurvitz Philip M; Drewnowski Adam

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obta...

  19. Gigabit Access Passive Optical Network Using Wavelength Division Multiplexing—GigaWaM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iglesias Olmedo, Miguel; Suhr, Lau

    2014-01-01

    This paper summarizes the research and technical achievements done under the EU project GigaWaM. The goal of this project was to develop a cost-effective solution that can meet the increasing bandwidth demands in access networks. The approach was to use a novel wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) architecture that can deliver symmetric 1 Gb/s to 64 users over 20 km standard single mode fiber using the L and C bands for down and upstream, respectively. During the course of the project, a number of key enabling technologies were developed including tunable transceivers, athermal 50 GHz spaced arrayed waveguide grating multiplexer devices, novel hybridization technologies for integration of passive and active electro-optic devices, and system-level algorithms that ensure the quality of service. The outcome of the project proved a reliable, cost-effective, flexible, and upgradable WDM-PON solution, achieving per-user datarates of 2.5 and 10 Gb/s for up and downstream, respectively. The proposed solution is not only suitable for access networks, but also for metro aggregation and mobile backhaul.

  20. Mystical Experience from Religious Community of Qadiriyah wa Naqsyabandiyah Dawe Kudus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atika Ulfia Adlina

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The research aimed to know: 1. Ahwal (mystical experience experienced by followers of Tarekat Qadiriyah wa Naqsyabandiyah in Piji, Dawe, Kudus; 2. The correlation between suluk and their kinds of ahwal; and 3. The different intensity of ahwal for the followers in each stage of the tarekat. This was a field reserch which used purpo- sive sampling tehnique. The data were then analysed qualitatively and phenomeno- logically. The findings of the research showed that there were some factors motivated people to join the Tarekat: the intention to be close to God, preparing themselves for death, charismatic figure, etc. Secondly, the classification of the mystical experi- ences was adjusted with the lataif dzikir stages, they were la?îfah al-qalb, la?îfah ar- rûh, la?îfah as-sirr, la?îfah khafiy, la?îfah akhfa, la?îfah an-nafsi dan la?îfah al-qâlib. There were same ahwal experienced by the followers in some stages. Therefore, it was concluded that there was a relationship between suluk and ahwal experienced by the followers of the tarekat in Piji Dawe Kudus.

  1. Planktonic biomass and physico-chemical parameters in Wa di Haneefah Stream, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A quantitative and qualitative study of phytoplankton and zooplankton community and physico-chemical condition of water at two sites in Wa di Haneefah Stream was carried out on a monthly basis from November, 1993 to October, 1994. Water temperature fluctuated between (13.0 deg. - 40.0 deg.) with ph values (7.1 - 7.4). High concentrations (11.3) and 10.13 mgI-1) of dissolved oxygen in two sites were recorded in April. The contents of chloride, carbonate, bicarbonate and sulphate were max mum in March-May. Different phyto planktonic genera present at the two sites belong to the families, Caryophyllaceae, Cacophony, Decasodium and Bacillanophyceae. Bacillariphyceae was the dominating group throughout the study. These plank tons were more prominent in summer and less in winter months. Zoo planktonic genera consisted mainly of protozoa ns, Rotifers and Crustaceans. These zooplankton s were prominent forming a peak in July and trough in January. the distribution of the generic composition of phyto-and-zooplankton was correlated with some of the physico-chemical changes in the environment. (authors). 36 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs

  2. ComForWaRD: Complex Fourier-Wavelet Regularized Deconvolution in Computerized Tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, M. Venu Gopala; Vathsal, S.

    2008-09-01

    The inversion of the Radon transform in the presence of noise is numerically unstable in tomographic image reconstruction and is said to be ill conditioned. We propose an efficient hybrid Co-mplex Fourier-Wavelet Regularization (ComForWaRD) model that comprises blurring operator inver-sion followed by noise suppression via scalar shrinkage in both Fourier and Wavelet domains. The Fou-rier shrinkage exploits the structure of the noise inherent in deconvolution, while the Wavelet shrinkage exploits the piecewise smooth structure of real world signals and images. Moreover the Complex Disc-rete Wavelet Transform (CWT) has an additional properties of nearly shift in-variant and good directi-onal selective. The CWT is particularly suitable for representation of images and other multi-dimensi-onal signals. The proposed hybrid regularization yields state of the art mean squared error (MSE) per-formance in practice. Further for certain problems the hybrid algorithm guarantees an optimal rate of MSE decay with increasing resolution. All the algorithms are implemented in Matlab.

  3. Characteristics of a lead glass electromagnetic calorimeter in the WA91 experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Characteristics of an electromagnetic calorimeter with a surface area of 2.5x2.7 m2 in the WA91 experiment have been studied. The shower hodoscope detector consists of an array of 18x19 Cherenkov lead glass counters, each with 18.5 radiation lengths in depth. An active presampler with scintillator hodoscopes allowed measurements of the shower position. The prototype of the calorimeter containing 3x3 counters has been used for test measurements in a 1-50 GeV electron beam. The spatial resolution of ?=4 mm was obtained. The energy resolution as a function of the incident energy is (?/E)=(1.4±0.1)%+(5.8±0.1)%/?E. Energy losses in the gap between calorimeter cells as well as the dependence of mean amplitude on the distance from the beam impact position for the presampler and scintillator counters have been studied. The measurements were carried out on the X5 beam at the CERN SPS. (author). 6 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab

  4. Study of ?+c production and Pentaquark search in WA89 CERN experiment data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis is dedicated to the study of the ?c+ charmed baryon and to the ''Pentaquark'' search, within the framework of the CERN WA89 experiment. This fixed target experiment is using a 330 GeV/c hyperon beam. Its aim is the production and the study of baryons carrying charm and strangeness as well as the search of multiquarks. The experimental setup is built around the CERN Omega spectrometer. Production and decay vertices of charmed particles are reconstructed by means of microstrip detectors. Multiwire proportional chambers reconstruct the trajectories in the Omega magnetic field and particle identification is provided by a Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector. An invariant mass signal has been obtained for the ?c+ in the proton-kaon-pion decay channel. Distorsion effects occurring in the event reconstruction have been taken into account in the estimation of the ?c+ lifetime and production cross-section. Finally, the exotic multiquark state ''Pentaquark'' was investigated in the channel proton-phi-pion but no signal was observed. (author). 86 refs., 56 figs

  5. Língua, poder e identidade em Ngugi wa thiongo e Kanavillil Rajagopalan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dernival Venâncio Ramos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos anos, os teóricos denominados póscoloniais, como Edward Said (1995, Homi Bhabha (2001 e Stuart Hall (2003, para citar os mais conhecidos, têm se preocupado em problematizar os binarismos que geralmente vem à tona, quando o tema de discussões são as relações entre colonizadores e colonizados. A Língua é um objeto apropriadoa essa tentativa de superar estes binarismos, pois tem sido vista como um dos instrumentos de dominação colonial. Linguistas e antropólogos consideram a língua um instrumento que revela a identidade de um povo e promove a integração cultural, no presente e no passado. Neste trabalho, nos pautamos pelos argumentos de dois intelectuais póscoloniais que tratam dessa temática, o queniano Ngugi WaThiongo e o indiano Kanavillil Rajagopalan, tentando ler seus argumentos como projetos identitários. O primeiro um projeto de identidade étnico e nacional; o segundo, um projeto pós-nacional e cosmopolita. Pensamos que seus textos e posicionamentos são fundamentais para entendermos as relações entre língua, poder e cultura na segunda metade do século XX. O cenário é o contexto das relações entre as potências europeias, os povos colonizados e aqueles em processo de descolonização.

  6. Performance evaluation of /PIN+OA and APD receivers in multi-wavelength CDMA and WaCDMA networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, Anand; Kar, Subrat; Jain, Virander K.

    2001-05-01

    In this paper, the performance of multi-wavelength optical orthogonal code division multiple access (MWOCDMA) communication network and hybrid wavelength code division multiple access (WaCDMA) network are investigated. In both the networks, transmitted signal is coupled into a dispersion shifted fiber (DSF) which in turn is coupled to either a PIN+OA or an APD receiver. The expression for probability of error for the above receiver configurations in MWOCDMA and WaCDMA networks are derived taking into consideration various sources of receiver noise, multiple user interference and four wave mixing (FWM) effects. It is observed that for a given number of users, MWOCDMA networks with PIN+OA receiver and WaCDMA networks with APD receiver are preferred to achieve a required performance. Further, the former give improved performance as compared to the latter with the level of improvement depending upon the number of users for which the network is to be designed. This is valid for all values of link loss. However, at higher values of link loss, FWM effect becomes dominant since the transmitted power is high and it leads to a smaller range of input transmitted power levels for a given number of users and performance requirement.

  7. Modeling the System Response to Gravitational Collapse During Spine Extrusion at Mount St. Helens, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, A.; Rempel, A.

    2008-12-01

    The extrusion of solid dacite spines was the dominant feature of the most recent eruption of Mount St. Helens, WA between late 2004 and early 2008. Iverson et al. (2006) established a one-dimensional numerical model to represent the mechanical behavior of the spine, which extends at most 1 km downward to the depth of crystallization. Relying on the laboratory friction experiments of Moore et al. (in press), the model assumes rate-weakening behavior of the fault gouge, which is responsible for episodic slip events of several mm separated by stick periods of about 100 s. This model provides a plausible source mechanism for the repetitive, so-called "Drumbeat" earthquakes that were a key characteristic of eruptive activity. Gravitational collapse of the spines represents a significant mass loss to the plug. Elementary extensions to the Iverson et al. model predict that the spine system responds abruptly to simulated gravitational collapse. In such events, the sub-surface plug extrudes at tens of m/s, a condition that has not been observed. Furthermore, because of the well-documented relationship between gouge rheology and temperature, the higher temperatures near the depth of crystallization likely cause deeper segments of the fault to slide in a stable, creeping fashion. Harrington and Brodsky (2007) interpreted the hybrid earthquakes at Mount St. Helens as shallow brittle-failure events. An absence of deeper earthquakes would be further evidence that the bounding faults are creeping at depth. We incorporate a temperature-dependence to the gouge frictional behavior to examine whether rate strengthening at the plug base can provide stability in the event of gravitational spine collapse.

  8. Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a : Astronomy of the Hawaiian Navigators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, Stephanie; Slater, Timothy F.; Baybayan, Kalepa C.

    2016-01-01

    This poster provides an introduction to the astronomy of the Hawaiian wayfinders, Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a. Rooted in a legacy of navigation across the Polynesian triangle, wayfinding astronomy has been part of a suite of skills that allows navigators to deliberately hop between the small islands of the Pacific, for thousands of years. Forty years ago, in one manifestation of the Hawaiian Renaissance, our teachers demonstrated that ancient Hawaiians were capable of traversing the wide Pacific to settle and trade on islands separated by thousands of miles. Today those same mentors train a new generation of navigators, making Hawaiian voyaging a living, evolving, sustainable endeavor. This poster presents two components of astronomical knowledge that all crewmen, but particularly those in training to become navigators, learn early in their training. Na Ohana Hoku, the Hawaiian Star Families constitute the basic units of the Hawaiian sky. In contrast to the Western system of 88 constellations, Na Ohana Hoku divides the sky into four sections that each run from the northern to the southern poles. This configuration reduces cognitive load, allowing the navigator to preserve working memory for other complex tasks. In addition, these configurations of stars support the navigator in finding and generatively using hundreds of individual, and navigationally important pairs of stars. The Hawaiian Star Compass divides the celestial sphere into a directional system that uses 32 rather than 8 cardinal points. Within the tropics, the rising and setting of celestial objects are consistent within the Hawaiian Star Compass, providing for extremely reliable direction finding. Together, Na Ohana Hoku and the Hawaiian Star Compass provide the tropical navigator with astronomical assistance that is not available to, and would have been unknown to Western navigators trained at higher latitudes.

  9. Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a : Astronomy of the Modern Hawaiian Wayfinders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ha`o, Celeste; Dye, Ahia G.; Slater, Stephanie J.; Slater, Timothy F.; Baybayan, Kalepa

    2015-08-01

    This paper provides an introduction to Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a, the astronomy of the Hawaiian wayfinders. Rooted in a legacy of navigation across the Polynesian triangle, wayfinding astronomy has been part of a suite of skills that allows navigators to deliberately hop between the small islands of the Pacific, for thousands of years. Forty years ago, in one manifestation of the Hawaiian Renaissance, our teachers demonstrated that ancient Hawaiians were capable of traversing the wide Pacific to settle and trade on islands separated by thousands of miles. Today those same mentors train a new generation of navigators, making Hawaiian voyaging a living, evolving, sustainable endeavor. This paper presents two components of astronomical knowledge that all crewmen, but particularly those in training to become navigators, learn early in their training. Na Ohana Hoku, the Hawaiian Star Families constitute the basic units of the Hawaiian sky. In contrast to the Western system of 88 constellations, Na Ohana Hoku divides the sky into four sections that each run from the northern to the southern poles. This configuration reduces cognitive load, allowing the navigator to preserve working memory for other complex tasks. In addition, these configurations of stars support the navigator in finding and generatively using hundreds of individual, and navigationally important pairs of stars. The Hawaiian Star Compass divides the celestial sphere into a directional system that uses 32 rather than 8 cardinal points. Within the tropics, the rising and setting of celestial objects are consistent within the Hawaiian Star Compass, providing for extremely reliable direction finding. Together, Na Ohana Hoku and the Hawaiian Star Compass provide the tropical navigator with astronomical assistance that is not available to, and would have been unknown to Western navigators trained at higher latitudes.

  10. Interacting coastal based ecosystem services: recreation and water quality in Puget Sound, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreitler, Jason; Papenfus, Michael; Byrd, Kristin; Labiosa, William

    2013-01-01

    Coastal recreation and water quality are major contributors to human well-being in coastal regions. They can also interact, creating opportunities for ecosystem based management, ecological restoration, and water quality improvement that can positively affect people and the environment. Yet the effect of environmental quality on human behavior is often poorly quantified, but commonly assumed in coastal ecosystem service studies. To clarify this effect we investigate a water quality dataset for evidence that environmental condition partially explains variation in recreational visitation, our indicator of human behavior. In Puget Sound, WA, we investigate variation in visitation in both visitation rate and fixed effects (FE) models. The visitation rate model relates the differences in annual recreational visitation among parks to environmental conditions, park characteristics, travel cost, and recreational demand. In our FE model we control for all time-invariant unobserved variables and compare monthly variation at the park level to determine how water quality affects visitation during the summer season. The results of our first model illustrate how visitation relates to various amenities and costs. In the FE analysis, monthly visitation was negatively related to water quality while controlling for monthly visitation trends. This indicates people are responding to changes in water quality, and an improvement would yield an increase in the value of recreation. Together, these results could help in prioritizing water quality improvements, could assist the creation of new parks or the modification of existing recreational infrastructure, and provide quantitative estimates for the expected benefits from potential changes in recreational visitation and water quality improvements. Our results also provide an example of how recreational visitation can be quantified and used in ecosystem service assessments.

  11. Arrival time and magnitude of airborne fission products from the Fukushima, Japan, reactor incident as measured in Seattle, WA, USA

    CERN Document Server

    Leon, J Diaz; Knecht, A; Miller, M L; Robertson, R G H; Schubert, A G

    2011-01-01

    We report results of air monitoring started due to the recent natural catastrophe on March 11, 2011 in Japan and the severe ensuing damage to the Fukushima nuclear reactor complex. On March 17-18, 2011 we detected the first arrival of the airborne fission products 131-I, 132-I, 132-Te, 134-Cs, and 137-Cs in Seattle, WA, USA, by identifying their characteristic gamma rays using a germanium detector. The highest detected activity to date is <~32 mBq/m^3 of 131-I.

  12. Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YDR261W-A, YDR261W-B [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available YDR261W-A - Retrotransposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol ; translated as TYA or TYA-T ... YB pol yprotein; Gag is a nucleocapsid protein that is the ... ey (3) YDR261W-B - Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol ... genes; transcribed/translated as one unit; pol ypro ... trotransposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol ; translated as TYA or TYA-TYB pol yprotein; Gag is ... - Prey description Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol ... genes; transcribed/translated as one unit; pol ypro ...

  13. Class Struggle, Elitism and Social Collectivism in Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s Devil on the Cross : A Marxist Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Abis, Paolo

    2011-01-01

    Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s Devil on the Cross represents both an insightful interpretation and a scathing critique of Kenyan politics and society during the period of neo-colonialism. The present thesis aims to explore, with the help of Marxist ideology and criticism, the relevance of the issues of class struggle, elitism and social collectivism in the novel. At the same time, this study will attempt to define Devil on the Cross as a "national allegory" depicting situations that are common to almost...

  14. High resolution observations of HCN and HCO+J = 3-2 in the disk and outflow of Mrk 231. Detection of vibrationally excited HCN in the warped nucleus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aalto, S.; Garcia-Burillo, S.; Muller, S.; Winters, J. M.; Gonzalez-Alfonso, E.; van der Werf, P.; Henkel, C.; Costagliola, F.; Neri, R.

    2015-02-01

    Aims: Our goal is to study molecular gas properties in nuclei and large scale outflows/winds from active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and starburst galaxies. Methods: We obtained high resolution (0.?25 to 0.?90) observations of HCN and HCO+J = 3 ? 2 of the ultraluminous QSO galaxy Mrk 231 with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer (PdBI). Results: We find luminous HCN and HCO+J = 3 ? 2 emission in the main disk and we detect compact (r ? 0''&dotbelow;1 (90 pc)) vibrationally excited HCN J = 3 ? 2?2 = 1f emission centred on the nucleus. The velocity field of the vibrationally excited HCN is strongly inclined (position angle PA = 155°) compared to the east-west rotation of the main disk. The nuclear (r ? 0.?1) molecular mass is estimated to 8 × 108 M? with an average N(H2) of 1.2 × 1024 cm-2. Prominent, spatially extended (?350 pc) line wings are found for HCN J = 3 ? 2 with velocities up to ± 750 km s-1. Line ratios indicate that the emission is emerging in dense gas n = 104-5 × 105 cm-3 of elevated HCN abundance X(HCN) = 10-8-10-6. The highest X(HCN) also allows for the emission to originate in gas of more moderate density. We tentatively detect nuclear emission from the reactive ion HOC+ with HCO+/HOC+ = 10-20. Conclusions: The HCN ?2 = 1f line emission is consistent with the notion of a hot, dusty, warped inner disk of Mrk 231 where the ?2 = 1f line is excited by bright mid-IR 14 ?m continuum. We estimate the vibrational temperature Tvib to 200-400 K. Based on relative source sizes we propose that 50% of the main HCN emission may have its excitation affected by the radiation field through IR pumping of the vibrational ground state. The HCN emission in the line wings, however, is more extended and thus likely not strongly affected by IR pumping. Our results reveal that dense clouds survive (and/or are formed) in the AGN outflow on scales of at least several hundred pc before evaporating or collapsing. The elevated HCN abundance in the outflow is consistent with warm chemistry possibly related to shocks and/or X-ray irradiated gas. An upper limit to the mass and momentum flux is 4 × 108 M? and 12LAGN/c, respectively, and we discuss possible driving mechanisms for the dense outflow. Based on observations carried out with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. IRAM is supported by INSU/CNRS (France), MPG (Germany) and IGN (Spain).The reduced data cubes are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/574/A85

  15. Polarization effects in the ionization cross section for collisions of Ne/(2p)/sup 5/(3p);J = 3/ with Ar: A sensitive probe for ''locking'' phenomena

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At a collision energy E = 0.1 eV we see a large polarization effect Q/sub ion//sup *//sup M//sup >//sup j/* = 0,1$/Q/sub ion//sup M//sup >//sup j/* = 3$ = 2.5, decreasing to 1.4 for E?1 eV. A two-state basis is used for the autoionization width of the ? and ? orientations of the (2p)/sup -1/ core hole, resulting in a preference for the ? = 0,1 molecular states as seen at 0.1 eV. The energy dependence is due to the decrease of ''locking'' of J to the internuclear axis with increasing angular velocity phi, leading to the semiclassical criterion ?/sub prec/ = 4phi for the transition from a space-fixed to a body-fixed description of J

  16. Contribution to the experimental study of charmed hadrons produced with hyperon beams (WA89 experiment); Contribution a l'etude experimentale des hadrons charmes produits avec un faisceau d'hyperons (experience WA89)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berat, C

    1996-10-15

    Since 1989 the author has been involved in the CERN WA89 experiment that is dedicated to the production of charmed hadrons with hyperon beams. The features and the experimental setting of WA89 are presented in the first chapter. The second chapter is dedicated to the on-line and off-line identification of {lambda}{sup 0} particles produced in charmed particles decay. The former is made through an adequate trigger and the latter is an event filter based on a fast identification criterion of a likely decay of {lambda}{sup 0}. The identification of {lambda}{sup 0} has required the development of algorithms to test the validity of the track reconstruction in the decay area between the target and the spectrometer and to check the validity of the identification of the decay vertex of {lambda}{sup 0}. The last chapter is dedicated to data analysis. The identification of D{sub S} mesons in K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi} final state is detailed. An accurate determination of the D{sub S} production cross-section is not yet possible because of the low statistics but it was possible to make a preliminary assessment that has given: {sigma} = (1.5 {+-} 0.7) {mu}b/nucleon with x{sub F} > 0. (A.C.)

  17. Divergence of Temperature and Wind Signals in Tree Rings at Port Angeles, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, W. L.

    2007-12-01

    At Port Angeles, WA some divergence of tree response to temperature may be explained by previously reported response of trees to wind. Near a weather station there two intermixed populations of low elevation Douglas-fir were found, of which roughly half showed positive response of annual ring width eccentricity to integrated, instrumentally measured hourly wind velocity over the same time interval and in the same direction. The other half responded negatively to the same wind along the same measurement transect azimuth. A similar result was obtained for wind when using ring width data from the downwind sides of the trees, where much of the wind signal was retained by modulation of early wood growth. This is similar to the Wilmking et al. description of divergent temperature response of transect mean ring width in high elevation trees on the Alaska Brooks Range; where a third showed positive, a third showed negative and a third had insignificant correlation with temperature. Eccentricity in Port Angeles northeast-southwest and southeast-northwest transects shows significant divergence of both wind and wind-associated temperature response from 1997 to 2001. Alternating power and lag of wind and temperature correlations with eccentricity at certain azimuths suggests that wind and temperature may operate interdependently in affecting eccentric growth. Response power and sign were highly dependent on the tree, transect azimuth and lag. Trees responded with wind azimuth resolution close to 10°, suggesting that accuracy and precision of sampling azimuth are important. Response power on most transects in most trees was usually higher at zero response lag. Eccentricity response to temperature and wind was usually of opposite sign. Northeast and southeast transect mean width showed weak, temperature-driven divergence at one-year lag. Analysis is underway back to 1982. At Port Angeles warmer winds from the Strait of Juan de Fuca flowed from the northern sector. No clear time trends were noted. At Port Angeles warmer winds from the Strait of Juan de Fuca flowed from the northern sector. No clear time trends were noted. Cool season temperature was significantly and positively driven by north sector wind. Nearer the ocean at Quillayute Airport positive trends were seen in April-September. In cool season there, temperature was positively driven by frontal wind from the south-southwest with high significance. This suggests that site information on direction, temperature and seasonality of wind may be important in inferring proxy temperature trends from ring width measurements. The cause of 'divergent' wind-driven growth eccentricity is currently under experimental investigation. The signal may be in response to changes in static loading resulting from crown anisotropy; with some due to dynamic physiological modification in the stem. Divergence of the signal may relate to structural anisotropy affecting torsion in the stem so that two adjacent trees sway and twist in different directions in response to constant wind direction and velocity. Complex airflow within a stand may result from repositioning of vortices, so that stem oscillation directions in adjacent trees vary divergently with change in wind direction and velocity.

  18. One year's experience of the WA medical cyclotron and radiopharmaceutical production facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The WA PET Centre Medical Cyclotron, a facility novel in Western Australia, produced its first bolus of FDG for patient injection for PET scanning in August 2003. This paper describes the methodology and practices employed during the past 12 months for ensuring that reliable routine provision of FDG is maintained, in parallel with facilitating the development and production of achievable new radiopharmaceuticals. An FDG production team of six staff and, a maintenance and development team of 4 staff were created from the 3.4 staff specifically recruited for this service and from incumbent staff. Teams were also set up to carry out development projects related to the service. Training procedures were created under the department's ISO9001:2000 accreditation system for the certification of production and maintenance staff. Practices and documentation systems were put in place in anticipation of a pending cGMP audit. Several unplanned major changes to equipment and infrastructure were necessary post commissioning. These changes included purchase of a different FDG synthesis module from that originally supplied, and modifications to engineering services, including changes to air conditioning, changes to supply of vacuum and upgrading of drainage in the laboratory area. A device for the measurement of end of bombardment yield was built, so that the efficiencies of the various synthesis modules could be accurately determined. Strict radiation protection procedures were put in place. All staff were provided with luxels and finger TLDs for monthly reporting of their radiation levels, as well as electronic monitors for real-time monitoring. From August 2003 to June 2004 (11 months) 2229 FDG patient doses were produced and dispensed by this facility. An average of 8.0 patient doses per available working day were dispensed during the 2003 period, rising to 11.1 patient doses per day in 2004. Several 11NH3 doses were also delivered. The cyclotron was unavailable for 9 days owing to scheduled maintenance, and a total of 35 (1.6%) patients were cancelled owing to unscheduled maintenance on 7 days. The following major initiatives are now in place for the further development of this facility: 1. Development of a solid targetry facility for the production of 123I, 124I, 64Cu, and other isotopes. Two prototype external beam lines have been developed and trialled. Experiments designed to measure the beam profile at the end of the external beam line are underway. 2. A synthesis module for the production of 18FMISO and 18FLT is being developed in-house in collaboration with the cyclotron manufacturer. 3. A module for the synthesis of 18F-Choline has been installed. 4. A prototype synthesis module is under development which will allow experimentation in the production of novel radiopharmaceuticals based on isotopes produced from liquid targetry. Normalised over 12 months, production staff received on average 3.28 mSv whole body effective dose, with the worst case being 8.46 mSv. Finger doses were 35.6 mSv on average, 70.6 mSv worst case. (Note that production staff also dispense patient doses into individual syringes). Similarly, maintenance staff received 1.41 mSv (avg), 2.56 mSv (max) whole body effective dose, and 33.0 mSv (avg), 124.3 mSv (max) finger dose. A facility for the production and development of short-lived PET radiopharmaceuticals has been created with a capacity that is expected to satisfy Western Australian demands for the next ten years. This facility reliably and routinely produces FDG, and incorporates a well supported and vigorous radiopharmaceutical development function. Copyright (2004) Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine

  19. Hydrological modelling of an artificial headwater catchment using the model system WaSiM-ETH

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hölzel, H.; Diekkrüger, B.

    2009-04-01

    The hydrological headwater catchment Chicken Creek (6.5 ha) was constructed in a lignite open-cast mine by Cottbus (Germany) to study initial processes of ecosystem development. The catchment has been intensively monitored for more than three years. Thereby, it is well suited to test and develop hydrological models. The construction of a clay layer in the basement simplifies the balancing of the water cycle since lateral inflows and vertical outflows can be neglected. For modelling purposes all basic input data were given, but neither discharge nor soil moisture measurements were provided. Hence, no high model quality can be feigned by fitting simulated results on observed output data. To compare the ability of different models and modellers to describe the hydrological behaviour of that catchment, a model competition was declared, on which several international scientists take part, all specialised in hydrological modelling. The contest is conducted in different levels, whereupon the knowledge of modellers concerning the investigated catchment will be increased stepwise. All modellers use the same database and results will be evaluated by an independent observer group. Thereby, the comparability between different model applications is guaranteed. We applied the process-based distributed Water balance Simulation Model (WaSiM-ETH) by Schulla & Jasper (2007) to simulate the first three years since the catchment construction was finished (Sep. 2005 - Aug. 2008). For the first modelling exercise important initial conditions (e.g. soil moisture) were unknown. Due to the lack of field experiences, effects of a constructed lake were disregarded. Therefore, the results of the first level were far away from being perfect, e.g. discharge was simulated from the beginning which was not observed because in reality soil water and lake storages were filled up first. The biggest differences occurred between simulated and observed surface runoff. In reality, surface runoff is the dominant runoff part responsible for approximately 70 % of the total runoff, but only half a percent was simulated. Hence, runoff dynamic and runoff peaks were underestimated. The simulated result is physically vindicated through the given data, because the sandy soils (sand content of 70 - 90 %) leads to high infiltration rates. During a first survey a compact and sealed layer was identified as the reason for high surface runoff, which could not be derived from the given date. For the second step of the modelling exercise the lake and the improved knowledge about the initial conditions were considered. Now, the simulated discharge shows the same delay as observed. Furthermore, effects of the sealed layer could be considered by a differentiated representation of soil conditions. Thereby, the simulated surface runoff increased up to 60 % of total runoff, which leads to an enforced runoff dynamic with higher peaks. Now, it is up to the observer group to evaluate whether or not the simulated results of the second modelling level has improved.

  20. Prognosis of groundwater recharge by means of the simulation tool PCSiWaPro® under the conditions of climate change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, M.; Sallwey, J.; Hasan, I.; Graeber, P.-W.

    2012-04-01

    Recent studies showed that varying atmospheric conditions as a result of climate change have a significant impact on the magnitude and time variable development of groundwater recharge. Essentially there are two driving factors that influence groundwater recharge: the temporal distribution of precipitation, and the saturation processes resulting from capillary effects in the unsaturated soil zone. Water balance processes can accurately be modelled by using the Richards' equation for transient flow, together with the Van-Genuchten/Luckner approximation describing hysteresis relationships between water contents and pressure heads in the soil. Precipitation distributions, as boundary conditions for the unsaturated model, can be generated from climate data measurements using statistical analysis tools. These synthetic time series reflect both the real climate conditions in a given model area, as well as statistical variations of rainfall by implementing characteristics of a predefined probability distribution. Depending on the kind of distribution, the resulting time series can represent both annual rainfall variations as well as long-term climate changes. The Institute of Waste Management and Contaminated Site Treatment of the TU Dresden has developed two software programs that help estimate these two driving forces for groundwater recharge. WettGen is a weather generator using a Weibull distribution and Markov chain approximations to create synthetic climate time series. These are applied as an upper boundary condition for PCSiWaPro®, a numerical finite element simulation tool solving the Richards' equation for water balance and a convection dispersion equation for contaminant. The result of this coupled simulation is an outflow at the lower boundary of the PCSiWaPro® model, which can be interpreted as a recharge rate for the underlying aquifer. Considering that climate change scenarios for Germany predict longer dry periods and an increase of extreme precipitation events, simulations showed that groundwater recharge rates tend to decrease. This is due to the fact that during extreme events the maximum infiltration rate is reached much sooner than for rain periods with a lower intensity and a longer duration, leading to higher rates of surface runoff. Current advancements of the existing modelling components include a more accurate estimate of groundwater recharge, which will be achieved by taking into account the interactions between unsaturated soil zone processes and groundwater processes. To implement this, a coupling between PCSiWaPro® and a groundwater simulation software, PCGeofim® by IBGW Leipzig, is currently being worked on. This will not only enhance the accurate estimation of groundwater recharge, but it will also give new insights into which effects different time series of precipitation have on the transport of contaminations through the unsaturated soil zone, and into the groundwater.

  1. Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water by Coagulation/Filtration, U.S. EPA Demonstration Project at the City of Okanogan, WA - Final Performance Evaluation Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    This report documents the activities performed during and the results obtained from the arsenic removal treatment technology demonstration project at the City of Okanogan, WA facility. The objectives of the project were to evaluate: (1) the effectiveness of Filtronics’ FH-13 Ele...

  2. Online: a program to display histograms and control monitor processes on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ONLINE is a program which can be launched from any terminal on the WA62 experiment's DEC VAX 11/780 computer when the Native mode data acquisition system is running. It is used to display histograms produced by the various experiment monitor processes running under the system and can establish links with such processes to allow the user to issue monitor commands and change internal monitor process parameters. This report describes the criteria used in the design of ONLINE and shows some of the features of the VAX/VMS Operating System which are used to access histograms produced by monitor processes, to establish communications links with monitor processes and to provide the user with an easy to learn system for the examination of online experimental data in a graphical form. Also given, is a brief account of the way monitor processes are structured and how this structure facilitates user-monitor dialogue. (author)

  3. Luise Millerin und Ne'mat - die weiblichen Hauptfiguren von "Kabale und Liebe" und "Afwah wa Araneb" im Vergleich

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rascha Muhammad ‘OrabiRasch ‘Abdel ‘Aziz Muhammad ‘Orabi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Dieser Beitrag  verfolgt  das Ziel, die weibliche Hauptfigur im deutschen Drama "Kabale und Liebe" und im arabischen Drama "Afwah wa Araneb" zu charakterisieren und miteinander zu vergleichen. Dabei werden die inneren sowie die zwischenmenschlichen Konflikte dieser beiden Frauen aufgezeigt und verglichen. Es macht sich bemerkbar, wie ähnlich die Schicksale der beiden weiblichen Hauptfiguren sind, die nach den Wertvorstellungen des Vaters oder des Familienoberhauptes leben müssen. Sie können als Musterbeispiele für die damalige Männerherrschaft angesehen werden. Männerherrschaft und Ungleichwertigkeit der Geschlechter - ein Thema, das unser modernes Leben noch immer beschäftigt. Darüber hinaus möchte ich beweisen, dass sich ein vollständiges Bild nur dann ergibt, wenn bei der Betrachtung alle Komponenten, politische, soziologische, psychologische sowie theologische, als Einheit berücksichtigt werden, wobei Luise und Ne'mat jeweils im Blickpunkt stehen sollen. Die gesellschaftliche Funktion des Dramas besteht in der Änderung der Gesellschaft durch Literatur und Drama. Die Untersuchung geht davon aus, dass beide Dramen als literarische Unterstützung der Emanzipation der bürgerlichen oder bäuerlichen Frau betrachtet werden sollen. Beide Dramen passen in jede Zeit. Unseren Jugendlichen sind die damaligen Probleme heute nicht fremd. Zu Zeiten Luises und Ne'mats hofft die junge Generation auf das Ende des Absolutismus, die Auflösung der Standesunterschiede und die Verwirklichung der sozialen Gerechtigkeit. Im arabischen Frühling spielen die Jugendlichen in Ägypten die Hauptrolle bei dem Sturz des diktatorischen Regimes von Husni Mubarak. Sie fordern auch Freiheit, Würde und soziale Gerechtigkeit. Diese Generationenkonflikte gibt es schon immer und wird es immer geben. Sie sind eine wesentliche Voraussetzung für Veränderung und Entwicklung. Schlagwörter: Interkulturalität, Komparatistik, "Kabale und Liebe", "Afwah wa Araneb", Vergleichende Charakterisierung von Luise und Ne'mat.

  4. j399sf.m77t and j399sf.h77t: MGD77T data and header files for single-beam bathymetry data for field activity J-3-99-SF in Grizzly Bay, San Francisco Bay from 11/08/1999 to 11/18/1999

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Single-beam bathymetry data along with DGPS navigation data was collected as part of the U.S. Geological Survey cruise J-3-99-SF. The cruise was conducted in...

  5. PUBATHG - ArcInfo GRID format of the 2001 multibeam echo-sounder data collected in the Puyallup River delta, Puget Sound (Tacoma), Washington from Field Activity: R-1-01-WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — ArcInfo GRID format bathymetry data generated from the 2001 multibeam sonar survey the major deltas of southern Puget Sound (Tacoma), WA., including Nisqually,...

  6. DUBATHG - ArcInfo GRID format of the 2001 multibeam echo-sounder data collected in the Duwamish River Delta, Puget Sound (Seattle), Washington from Field Activity: R-1-01-WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — ArcInfo GRID format bathymetry data generated from the 2001 multibeam sonar survey the major deltas of southern Puget Sound, WA., including Nisqually, Puyallup, and...

  7. Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a--- Na `Ohana Hoku `Eha (The Astronomy of the Hawaiian Navigators--- The Four Star Families)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, Stephanie; Slater, Timothy F.; Baybayan, Kalepa C.

    2016-01-01

    This paper documents the complete modern Hawaiian navigational full-sky. Over eight years of field notes, observations, and interviews with cultural leaders, historians, and ho`okele wa`a (navigators) were used to construct and validate Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a, the Astronomy of the Hawaiian Navigators. In contrast to the various historical sky maps designed by different practitioners and local groups in pre-colonial times, this sky-map depicts the four whole-sky constellations used by present day wayfinders. Designed by a loosely bound group of cultural leaders and navigators as a tool to use in modern non-instrumental navigation, Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a is a pragmatic fusion of ancient Hawaiian tradition, traditions of greater Polynesia, and modern-day Indigenous cultural forces. Like a very small number of cultures who use the sky for non-instrumental navigation, the ho`okele wa`a conceive of each season's visible sky as a whole image, using a single constellation that stretches from the northern to the southern horizon as a tool that facilitates direction finding in skies that are often very cloudy, and that chunks the sky into sections that decrease the cognitive load placed on the navigator. Moving through the seasons, beginning in Winter, Na `Ohana Hoku `Eha (The Four Star Families) are Kekaomakali`I (The Bailer), Kaiwikuamo`o (The Backbone), Manaiakalani (The Fishhook), and Kalupekawelo (The Kite). The whole-sky character of each of the four "star families," combines with that star family's mo`olelo (purposeful story) to further facilitate navigation, employing the emotional component of moral and familial associations to enhance memorization and to provide wayfinders with encouragement on their long journeys.

  8. 77 FR 73732 - In the Matter of Amendment of the Designation of al-Qa'ida in Iraq, aka Jam'at al Tawhid wa'al...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-11

    ... Matter of Amendment of the Designation of al-Qa'ida in Iraq, aka Jam'at al Tawhid wa'al-Jihad, aka The... al-Rafidayn, aka The Organization of al-Jihad's Base of Operations in Iraq, aka al-Qaida of Jihad in Iraq, aka al-Qaida in Iraq, aka al-Qaida in Mesopotamia, aka al-Qaida in the Land of the Two...

  9. 77 FR 73732 - In the Matter of the Amendment of the Designation of al-Qa'ida in Iraq, aka Jam'at al Tawhid wa...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-11

    ... Matter of the Amendment of the Designation of al-Qa'ida in Iraq, aka Jam'at al Tawhid wa'al-Jihad, aka... fi Bilad al-Rafidayn, aka The Organization of al-Jihad's Base of Operations in Iraq, aka al-Qaida of Jihad in Iraq, aka al-Qaida in Iraq, aka al-Qaida in Mesopotamia, aka al-Qaida in the Land of the...

  10. MARINE BIOLOGICAL REPORT IN THE NU?BAT AL-DAHR F? ?A?Â?IB AL-BARR WA-AL-BA?R

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Provencal, Philippe

    2014-01-01

    I det arabiske geografiske værk NU?BAT AL-DAHR F? ?A???IB AL-BARR WA-AL-BA?R (færdigskrevet mellem 1324 og 1327) fra omtales seks dyr fra Adenbugten. Det dreje sig om savrokke, kuglefisk, pilrokke, pindsvinefisk og hvalhaj. Det sidste dyr har ikke kunnet bestemmes. Artiklen bringer en oversættelse af optegnelsen til engelsk samt både en filologisk som en biologisk kommentar.

  11. Development and testing of a Cerenkov counter for hyperon on line tagging (WA89 experiment at CERN)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    HYPOLIT (HYPerons On LIne Tagging) is a new Counter for tagging hyperons on line, in the 250 GeV/c beam (rms 7%) of the second phase of the WA89 experiment at CERN. It is a fast RICH counter with low angular acceptance but a great resolution power. The counter is equipped with a 6 m focal length spherical mirror and a chromatic corrector. The size of the Cerenkov rings is reduced by means of set of two conical mirrors to match the active area of an image intensifier. Its output window is devided into 160 pixels read with 160 photomultipliers via fibre optics. The counter has been tested at CERN in 2, 4 and 8 GeV/c electron beam and in 220 GeV/c pion beam containing also 5.3% kaons and 0.7% antiprotons. A spatial resolution of 0.125 mm was achieved on the radius, which represents 1/5 of the pion-Kaon separation. The ring radius is determined electronically in less than 2.5 microseconds. A Monte-Carlo simulation was performed at 360 GeV/c. It is shown that the tagging is also possible at this energy, despite the ten times greater emittance of this beam, after some modifications on the chromatic corrector and the detection system. (orig.)

  12. Aqidah al-Tauhid Baina al-Tasawwuf al-Sunni wa al-Tasawwuf al-Falsafi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amal Fathullah Zarkasyi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The philosophers and theologians for a long time, have been conducting a series of intense discourse on many issues from the perspective of tasawuf. Of course, in this regard, they use a theoretical basis and practical rationale. This article, describes the discourse above in the two different conversations perspective, between tasawuf Sunni and tasawuf falsafi. Tasawuf sunni group are represented by Al-Ghazali and al-Qushayri, confronted by Ibn Arabi and Ibn Sab’in from tasawuf falsafi group. Through a descriptive exploratory study, the researcher asserts that Al-Ghazali divides tauhid into four, tauhid of hypocrites, Muslims majority, muqarrabin, and siddiqin, all are based on ahl sunnah wa alJama’ah faith. While Al- ushayri, divides it into three; tauhid al-haq li al-haq, tauhid al-haq li al-khalq, and tauhid al-khalq li al-haq, all are based on empirical aspects of Irfani. In his study, the author concludes that tasawuf Sunni, focuses mainly on the issue of al-fana and wihdah al-syuhud in order to reach a peak of makrifah. Meanwhile, taswuf falsafi declares the existence of monoexistence, that is, human beings and God is one, similar to (wihdah al-wujud. Man is united with God expressed usually in the form syatahat. The implication is no taklif for humans.

  13. Depth-related influences on biodegradation rates of phenanthrene in polluted marine sediments of Puget Sound, WA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A whole-core injection method was used to determine depth-related rates of microbial mineralization of 14C-phenanthrene added to both contaminated and clean marine sediments of Puget Sound, WA. For 26-day incubations under micro-aerobic conditions, conversions of 14C-phenanthrene to 14CO2 in heavily PAH-contaminated sediments from two sites in Eagle Harbor were much higher (up to 30%) than those in clean sediments from nearby Blakely Harbor (14C-phenanthrene degradation rates in the surface sediment horizons (0-3 cm) were more rapid (2-3 times) than in the deeper sediment horizons examined (>6 cm), especially in the most PAH polluted EH9 site. Differences in mineralization were associated with properties of the sediments as a function of sediment depth, including grain-size distribution, PAH concentration, total organic matter and total bacterial abundance. When strictly anaerobic incubations (in N2/H2/CO2 atmosphere) were used, the phenanthrene biodegradation rates at all sediment depths were two times slower than under micro-aerobic conditions, with methanogenesis observed after 24 days. The main rate-limiting factor for phenanthrene degradation under anaerobic conditions appeared to be the availability of suitable electron acceptors. Addition of calcium sulfate enhanced the first order rate coefficient (k 1 increased from 0.003 to 0.006 day-1), whereas addition of soluble nitrate, even at very low concentration (1 up to 0.11 day-1)

  14. Cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of the VP8* carbohydrate-binding protein of the human rotavirus strain Wa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kraschnefski, Mark J.; Scott, Stacy A. [Institute for Glycomics, Griffith University (Gold Coast Campus), PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre, Queensland 9726 (Australia); Holloway, Gavan; Coulson, Barbara S.; Itzstein, Mark von [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Blanchard, Helen, E-mail: h.blanchard@griffith.edu.au [Institute for Glycomics, Griffith University (Gold Coast Campus), PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre, Queensland 9726 (Australia)

    2005-11-01

    The carbohydrate-binding component (VP8*{sub 64–223}) of the human Wa rotavirus spike protein has been overexpressed in E. coli, purified and crystallized in two different crystal forms. X-ray diffraction data have been collected that have enabled determination of the Wa VP8*{sub 64–223} structure by molecular replacement. Rotaviruses exhibit host-specificity and the first crystallographic information on a rotavirus strain that infects humans is reported here. Recognition and attachment to host cells, leading to invasion and infection, is critically linked to the function of the outer capsid spike protein of the rotavirus particle. In some strains the VP8* component of the spike protein is implicated in recognition and binding of sialic-acid-containing cell-surface carbohydrates, thereby enabling infection by the virus. The cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and initial X-ray diffraction analysis of the VP8* core from human Wa rotavirus is reported. Two crystal forms (trigonal P3{sub 2}21 and monoclinic P2{sub 1}) have been obtained and X-ray diffraction data have been collected, enabling determination of the VP8*{sub 64–223} structure by molecular replacement.

  15. Cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of the VP8* carbohydrate-binding protein of the human rotavirus strain Wa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The carbohydrate-binding component (VP8*64–223) of the human Wa rotavirus spike protein has been overexpressed in E. coli, purified and crystallized in two different crystal forms. X-ray diffraction data have been collected that have enabled determination of the Wa VP8*64–223 structure by molecular replacement. Rotaviruses exhibit host-specificity and the first crystallographic information on a rotavirus strain that infects humans is reported here. Recognition and attachment to host cells, leading to invasion and infection, is critically linked to the function of the outer capsid spike protein of the rotavirus particle. In some strains the VP8* component of the spike protein is implicated in recognition and binding of sialic-acid-containing cell-surface carbohydrates, thereby enabling infection by the virus. The cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and initial X-ray diffraction analysis of the VP8* core from human Wa rotavirus is reported. Two crystal forms (trigonal P3221 and monoclinic P21) have been obtained and X-ray diffraction data have been collected, enabling determination of the VP8*64–223 structure by molecular replacement

  16. Hyperon production in p-BE interactions at 158 GeV/c per nucleon at the WA97 CERN experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Norman, P I

    1999-01-01

    Strange particle production is one of the most useful probes of matter under extreme conditions of temperature and density. Due to the differences between quark masses in a Quark Gluon Plasma and hadron masses in a hadron gas scenario, there is a significant difference in the equilibration times for strange quark production under these two mechanisms. This difference in equilibration times will manifest itself in a much greater yield of strange particles from a QGP with respect to a hadron gas. It is believed that collisions of heavy ions at high energy may provide sufficient conditions for a QGP to be formed. The aim of the WA97 experiment is, therefore, to investigate relativistic heavy ion collisions at the CERN OMEGA Spectrometer, following on from the work of the WA85 and WA94 collaborations. Using a lead ion beam from the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron and a lead target, data were taken in both 1995 and 1996. As a control, in the autumn of 1995, data were also taken using a proton beam incident on a lead...

  17. Project AProWa: a national view on managing trade-offs between agricultural production and conservation of aquatic ecosystems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietzel, Anne; Rahn, Eric; Stamm, Christian

    2014-05-01

    Swiss agriculture is legally committed to fulfill several, partially conflicting goals such as agricultural production on the one hand and the conservation of natural resources on the other hand. In the context of the research project AProWa ("Agricultural Production and Water"), the relationships between the production aspect and the conservation of aquatic ecosystems is analyzed with a holistic approach. Agricultural production and the protection of water resources have high potential for conflicts: Farmers use ground and surface water to irrigate their fields. On the other hand, drainage systems enable the production on otherwise unfavorably wet soils. These in turn often affect ground water recharge and divert precipitation directly into surface waters, which changes their hydrological regime. Typically, drainage systems also elevate the input of nutrients and pesticides into the water bodies. In general, applied fertilizers, plant protection products, veterinary drugs and phytohormones of cultivated plants are introduced into the ground and surface waters through different processes such as drift, leaching, runoff, preferential flow or erosion. They influence the nutrient cycles and ecological health of aquatic systems. The nutrient and pesticide loss processes themselves can be altered by tillage operations and other agricultural practices. Furthermore, the competition for space can lead to additional conflicts between agriculture and the protection of aquatic ecosystems. For example, channelized or otherwise morphologically changed rivers do not have a natural discharge pattern and are often not suitable for the local flora and fauna; but naturally meandering rivers need space that cannot be used for agriculture. In a highly industrialized and densely populated country like Switzerland, all these potential conflicts are of importance. Although it is typically seen as a water-rich country, local and seasonal overexploitation of rivers through water extraction for irrigation can already be documented. Due to drier summers induced by climate change, this phenomenon is expected to gain more importance in the future. Related to water quantity and quality it is crucial to think about the diverging interests between the supply of the population with national agricultural products and the preservation of the water bodies, their ecological value and their other ecosystem services (e.g. drinking water supply). The project AProWa attempts to elucidate trade-offs of national goals for water protection and agricultural production in Switzerland by involving stakeholders from agricultural administration (Federal Office for Agriculture, FOAG), agricultural research (Agroscope), water research (Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Eawag) and environmental protection (Federal Office for the Environment, FOEN). This is done by applying multi-criteria decision analysis facilitating consensus regarding goals and possible activities and alternatives to reach these goals. This is followed by an evaluation of main conflicts and prioritized research gaps. We present preliminary results from workshops and interdisciplinary discussion groups that encompass an objectives hierarchy reflecting agricultural production and water conservation goals. Furthermore, an inventory of agricultural practices and water protection measures is presented, enabling their evaluation for the provision of agricultural production while sustaining aquatic ecosystems.

  18. Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Streichert Laura C

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obtained from King County and from US Census data. Fast food restaurant addresses were obtained from Public Health-Seattle & King County and were geocoded. Fast food density was expressed per tract unit area and per capita. Arterial road density was a measure of vehicular and pedestrian access. Multivariate logistic regression models containing both socioeconomic status and road density were used in data analyses. Results Over one half (53.1% of King County census tracts had at least one fast food restaurant. Mean network distance from dwelling units to a fast food restaurant countywide was 1.40 km, and 1.07 km for census tracts containing at least one fast food restaurant. Fast food restaurant density was significantly associated in regression models with low median household income (p Conclusion No significant association was observed between census tract minority status and fast food density in King County. Although restaurant density was linked to low household incomes, that effect was attenuated by arterial road density. Fast food restaurants in King County are more likely to be located in lower income neighborhoods and higher traffic areas.

  19. Sunlight-induced inactivation of human Wa and porcine OSU rotaviruses in the presence of exogenous photosensitizers

    KAUST Repository

    Romero-Maraccini, Ofelia C.

    2013-10-01

    Human rotavirus Wa and porcine rotavirus OSU solutions were irradiated with simulated solar UV and visible light in the presence of different photosensitizers dissolved in buffered solutions. For human rotavirus, the exogenous effects were greater than the endogenous effects under irradiation with full spectrum and UVA and visible light at 25 C. For porcine rotavirus, the exogenous effects with UVA and visible light irradiation were only observed at high temperatures, >40 C. The results from dark experiments conducted at different temperatures suggest that porcine rotavirus has higher thermostability than human rotavirus. Concentrations of 3′-MAP excited triplet states of 1.8 fM and above resulted in significant human rotavirus inactivation. The measured excited triplet state concentrations of ≤0.45 fM produced by UVA and visible light irradiation of natural dissolved organic matter solutions were likely not directly responsible for rotavirus inactivation. Instead, the linear correlation for human rotavirus inactivation rate constant (kobs) with the phenol degradation rate constant (kexp) found in both 1 mM NaHCO3 and 1 mM phosphate-buffered solutions suggested that OH radical was a major reactive species for the exogenous inactivation of rotaviruses. Linear correlations between rotavirus kobs and specific UV254 nm absorbance of two river-dissolved organic matter and two effluent organic matter isolates indicated that organic matter aromaticity may help predict formation of radicals responsible for rotavirus inactivation. The results from this study also suggested that the differences in rotavirus strains should be considered when predicting solar inactivation of rotavirus in sunlit surface waters. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

  20. Exploring Land use and Land cover change in the mining areas of Wa East District, Ghana using Satellite Imagery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basommi, Prosper Laari; Guan, Qingfeng; Cheng, Dandan

    2015-11-01

    Satellite imagery has been widely used to monitor the extent of environmental change in both mine and post mine areas. This study uses Remote sensing and Geographical Information System techniques for the assessment of land use/land cover dynamics of mine related areas in Wa East District of Ghana. Landsat satellite imageries of three different time periods, i.e., 1991, 2000 and 2014 were used to quantify the land use/cover changes in the area. Supervised Classification using Maximum Likelihood Technique in ERDAS was utilized. The images were categorized into five different classes: Open Savannah, Closed Savannah, Bare Areas, Settlement and Water. Image differencing method of change detection was used to investigate the changes. Normalized Differential Vegetative Index valueswere used to correlate the state of healthy vegetation. The image differencing showed a positive correlation to the changes in the Land use and Land cover classes. NDVI values reduced from 0.48 to 0.11. The land use change matrix also showed conversion of savannah areas into bare ground and settlement. Open and close savannah reduced from 50.80% to 36.5% and 27.80% to 22.67% respectively whiles bare land and settlement increased. Overall accuracy of classified 2014 image and kappa statistics was 83.20% and 0.761 respectively. The study revealed the declining nature of the vegetation and the significance of using satellite imagery. A higher resolution satellite Imagery is however needed to satisfactorily delineate mine areas from other bare areas in such Savannah zones.

  1. Life cycle assessment of forecasting scenarios for urban water management: A first implementation of the WaLA model on Paris suburban area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loubet, Philippe; Roux, Philippe; Guérin-Schneider, Laetitia; Bellon-Maurel, Véronique

    2016-03-01

    A framework and an associated modeling tool to perform life cycle assessment (LCA) of urban water system, namely the WaLA model, has been recently developed. In this paper, the WaLA model is applied to a real case study: the urban water system of the Paris suburban area, in France. It aims to verify the capacity of the model to provide environmental insights to stakeholder's issues related to future trends influencing the system (e.g., evolution of water demand, increasing water scarcity) or policy responses (e.g., choices of water resources and technologies). This is achieved by evaluating a baseline scenario for 2012 and several forecasting scenarios for 2022 and 2050. The scenarios are designed through the modeling tool WaLA, which is implemented in Simulink/Matlab: it combines components representing the different technologies, users and resources of the UWS. The life cycle inventories of the technologies and users components include water quantity and quality changes, specific operation (electricity, chemicals) and infrastructures data (construction materials). The methods selected for the LCIA are midpoint ILCD, midpoint water deprivation impacts at the sub-river basin scale, and endpoint Impact 2002+. The results of the baseline scenario show that wastewater treatment plants have the highest impacts compared to drinking water production and distribution, as traditionally encountered in LCA of UWS. The results of the forecasting scenarios show important changes in water deprivation impacts due to water management choices or effects of climate change. They also enable to identify tradeoffs with other impact categories and to compare several scenarios. It suggests the capacity of the model to deliver information for decision making about future policies. PMID:26724447

  2. Meeting report: GSC M5 roundtable at the 13th International Society for Microbial Ecology meeting in Seattle, WA, USA August 22-27, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Jack A.; Meyer, Folker; Knight, Rob; Field, Dawn; Kyrpides, Nikos; Yilmaz, Pelin; Wooley, John

    2010-01-01

    This report summarizes the proceedings of the Metagenomics, Metadata, Metaanalysis, Models and Metainfrastructure (M5) Roundtable at the 13th International Society for Microbial Ecology Meeting in Seattle, WA, USA August 22-27, 2010. The Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) hosted this meeting as a community engagement exercise to describe the GSC to the microbial ecology community during this important international meeting. The roundtable included five talks given by members of the GSC, and was followed by audience participation in the form of a roundtable discussion. This report summarizes this event. Further information on the GSC and its range of activities can be found at http://www.gensc.org. PMID:21304725

  3. At WA9

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    The Clermont-Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon- Uppsala Collaboration set-up this experiment in the H3 beam of the West Hall for a high precision study of elastic scattering of negative pions on protons, in the Coulomb interference region, in the energy region between 30 and 140 GeV. Here, on the left, centre, the proton recoil spectrometer IKAR which consisted of a ionization chamber filled with hydrogen at 1000 kPa, the gas serving both as target and ionization medium. The experiment also included a forward MWPC spectrometer. On the right, Tord Ekelöf.

  4. TERRAIN, Pierce County, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix N: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  5. BASEMAP, Kitsap COUNTY, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — FEMA Framework Basemap datasets comprise six of the seven FGDC themes of geospatial data that are used by most GIS applications (Note: the seventh framework theme,...

  6. Nisin Z Production by Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris WA2-67 of Aquatic Origin as a Defense Mechanism to Protect Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) Against Lactococcus garvieae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araújo, Carlos; Muñoz-Atienza, Estefanía; Pérez-Sánchez, Tania; Poeta, Patrícia; Igrejas, Gilberto; Hernández, Pablo E; Herranz, Carmen; Ruiz-Zarzuela, Imanol; Cintas, Luis M

    2015-12-01

    Probiotics represent an alternative to chemotherapy and vaccination to control fish diseases, including lactococcosis caused by Lactococcus garvieae. The aims of this study were (i) to determine the in vitro probiotic properties of three bacteriocinogenic Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris of aquatic origin, (ii) to evaluate in vivo the ability of L. cremoris WA2-67 to protect rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) against infection by L. garvieae, and (iii) to demonstrate the role of nisin Z (NisZ) production as an anti-infective mechanism. The three L. cremoris strains survived in freshwater at 18 °C for 7 days, withstood exposure to pH 3.0 and 10 % (v/v) rainbow trout bile, and showed different cell surface hydrophobicity (37.93-58.52 %). The wild-type NisZ-producer L. cremoris WA2-67 and its non-bacteriocinogenic mutant L. cremoris WA2-67 ?nisZ were administered orally (10(6) CFU/g) to rainbow trout for 21 days and, subsequently, fish were challenged with L. garvieae CLG4 by the cohabitation method. The fish fed with the bacteriocinogenic strain L. cremoris WA2-67 reduced significantly (p?bacteriocin (NisZ) production as a mechanism to protect fish against bacterial infection. Our results suggest that the wild-type NisZ-producer strain L. cremoris WA2-67 could be used in fish farming to prevent lactococcosis in rainbow trout. PMID:26307018

  7. Extending the Coyote emulator to dark energy models with standard $w_0$-$w_a$ parametrization of the equation of state

    CERN Document Server

    Casarini, L; Tessarotto, E; Corasaniti, P -S

    2016-01-01

    We discuss an extension of the Coyote emulator to predict non-linear matter power spectra of dark energy (DE) models with a scale factor dependent equation of state of the form w = w_0 + ( 1 - a )w_a . The extension is based on the mapping rule between non-linear spectra of DE models with constant equation of state and those with time varying one originally introduced in ref. [25]. Using a series of N-body simulations we show that the spectral equivalence is accurate to sub-percent level across the same range of modes and redshift covered by the Coyote suite. Thus, the extended emulator provides a very efficient and accurate tool to predict non-linear power spectra for DE models with w_0 - w_a parametrization. According to the same criteria we have developed a numerical code that we have implemented in a dedicated module for the CAMB code, that can be used in combination with the Coyote Emulator in likelihood analyses of non-linear matter power spectrum measurements. All codes can be found at https://github.c...

  8. WaLA, a versatile model for the life cycle assessment of urban water systems: Formalism and framework for a modular approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loubet, Philippe; Roux, Philippe; Bellon-Maurel, Véronique

    2016-01-01

    The emphasis on the sustainable urban water management has increased over the last decades. In this context decision makers need tools to measure and improve the environmental performance of urban water systems (UWS) and their related scenarios. In this paper, we propose a versatile model, named WaLA (Water system Life cycle Assessment), which reduces the complexity of the UWS while ensuring a good representation of water issues and fulfilling life cycle assessment (LCA) requirements. Indeed, LCAs require building UWS models, which can be tedious if several scenarios are to be compared. The WaLA model is based on a framework that uses a "generic component" representing alternately water technology units and water users, with their associated water flows, and the associated impacts due to water deprivation, emissions, operation and infrastructure. UWS scenarios can be built by inter-operating and connecting the technologies and users components in a modular and integrated way. The model calculates life cycle impacts at a monthly temporal resolution for a set of services provided to users, as defined by the scenario. It also provides the ratio of impacts to amount of services provided and useful information for UWS diagnosis or comparison of different scenarios. The model is implemented in a Matlab/Simulink interface thanks to object-oriented programming. The applicability of the model is demonstrated using a virtual case study based on available life cycle inventory data. PMID:26474151

  9. Partners in International Research and Education: Student Contributions to the Collaborative Investigation of Bezymianny, Shiveluch, and Karymsky Volcanoes, Kamchatka, Russia and Mount St. Helens, WA, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shipman, J. S.; Kayzar, T. M.; Team, P.

    2008-12-01

    Undergraduate and graduate students as well as senior researchers from the U.S., Russia, and Japan are investigating volcanism as participants of the National Science Foundation initiative Partners in International Research and Education (PIRE). The goal of this study is to use the benefits of global comparisons to increase our understanding of explosive volcanism while at the same time developing international collaboration between scientists in the U.S., Russia, and Japan. International collaboration is established through field work in Kamchatka, Russia investigating the active systems of Bezymianny, Shiveluch, and Karymsky volcanoes with a specific focus on historic collapse-blast type eruptions. The Kamchatka volcanic arc provides unique access to multiple active volcanic systems that can be compared and contrasted to the well-studied behavior at Mount St. Helens, WA., USA. Conversely, Mount St. Helens also provides a field setting for Russian and Japanese students to be incorporated in U.S. research. Student participants employ their respective techniques in geochemistry, geophysics, petrology, and remote sensing to study the eruption response of Bezymianny and Shiveluch volcanoes, which have experienced edifice collapse. During the 2008 field season, the increased activity at Bezymianny volcano shortened a planned field expedition. In order to preserve the integrity of the program and provide a safer environment for researchers, alternative field studies began at Karymsky volcano. In July, an anonymously large eruption at Karymsky volcano permitted the collection of unique real-time data of the eruptive event. Here we present student research from three field seasons in the Kamchatka volcanic arc and associated workshops at Mount St. Helens, WA. Results include estimates of magma storage depth, gas emissions measurements, evidence for dynamic thermal regime changes in fresh volcanic deposits, and data constraining magma inputs and sources at each volcano. By contrasting and comparing these systems through integrated study we have the opportunity to isolate factors driving transitions between effusive and explosive activity to better predict the timing of such transitions.

  10. 76 FR 5838 - Investigations Regarding Certifications of Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-02

    ... Eaton Corporation (Company) Three Rivers, MI...... 01/18/11 01/14/11 75105 National Standard/Davis Niles, MI 01/18/11 01/14/11 Wire (Company). 75106 The Factory Company Spokane, WA 01/18/11 01/14/11 International Inc. (State/ One-Stop). 75107 Hewlett Packard, Global Fort Collins, CO...... 01/18/11...

  11. Decay J?-->3? and a Search for the ?c

    Science.gov (United States)

    Partridge, R.; Peck, C.; Porter, F.; Kollman, W.; Richardson, M.; Strauch, K.; Wacker, K.; Aschman, D.; Burnett, T.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Coyne, D.; Sadrozinski, H.; Bloom, E.; Bulos, F.; Chestnut, R.; Gaiser, J.; Godfrey, G.; Kiesling, C.; Oreglia, M.; Hofstadter, R.; Kirkbride, I.; Kolanoski, H.; Liberman, A.; O'Reilly, J.; Tompkins, J.

    1980-03-01

    The decay J? into 3? final states has been studied. No evidence is found for the existence of the X(2.83) or any heavy narrow state (e.g., the ?c) decaying into two photons. Upper limits are given on the branching ratio J?-->?c, ?c-->2? for ?c masses in the 2.7-3.0-GeV region. In addition, the branching ratios J?-->??, ??' are measured. It is found that the ?' branching ratio is higher than previously reported.

  12. Refrigeration and Cryogenics Specialist. J3ABR54530

    Science.gov (United States)

    Air Force Training Command, Sheppard AFB, TX.

    This document package contains an Air Force course used to train refrigeration and cryogenics specialists. The course is organized in six blocks designed for group instruction. The blocks cover the following topics: electrical principles; fundamentals of tubing and piping; metering devices, motor controls, domestic and commercial refrigeration;…

  13. Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (Kd) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Qmax based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 deg. C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process.

  14. Characterization of the environmental fate of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kaurstaki (Btk) after pest eradication efforts in Seattle, WA and Fairfax county, VA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ticknor, Lawrence [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van Cuyk, Sheila M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Deshpande, Alina [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Omberg, Kristin M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    Understanding the fate of biological agents in the environment will be critical to recovery and restoration efforts after a biological attack. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is conducting experiments in the Seattle, WA and Fairfax County, VA areas to study agent fate in urban environments. As part of their gypsy moth suppression efforts, Washington State and Fairfax County have sprayed Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (Btk), a common organic pesticide for decades. Many of the spray zones have been in or near urban areas. LANL has collected surface and bulk samples from historical Seattle spray zones to characterize how long Btk persists at detectable levels in the environment, and how long it remains viable in different environmental matrices. This work will attempt to address three questions. First, how long does the agent remain viable at detectable levels? Second, what is the approximate magnitude and duration of resuspension? And third, does the agent transport into buildings? Data designed to address the first question will be presented. Preliminary results indicate Btk remains viable in the environment for at least two years.

  15. Shh, Respect Freedom of Speech: The Reasons Why Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare Have Not Been Awarded the Nobel Prize

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edona Llukacaj

    2015-12-01

    The terrorist attack on the satirical French magazine, Charlie Hebdo, at the beginning of this year, intensified the unremitting debate over the right to freedom of speech and expression, as well as its limitations. Nonetheless, it was almost unanimously agreed that the human right to express personal beliefs, regardless of the fact that they could be in deep disagreement with or even insulting towards the values of certain individuals, groups, or worldviews, should be defended and promoted by the whole human community. It goes without saying that the role of intellectuals and, especially, that of the academia, in promoting tolerance, diversity, and dialogue is essential. However, this does not seem to have been one of the criteria on which the Swedish Academy based its choices, over the past years, for the awarding of the Noble Prize in Literature. Focusing on the literary contributions of Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare, two repeated nominees for the Noble Prize, this paper will attempt to shed light on the reasons why these two heroes of free speech and representation have not been awarded the prestigious prize.

  16. Changes in fish communities following recolonization of the Cedar river, Wa, USA by Pacific salmon after 103 years of local extirpation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiffney, P.M.; Pess, G.R.; Anderson, J.H.; Faulds, P.; Burton, K.; Riley, S.C.

    2009-01-01

    Migration barriers are a major reason for species loss and population decline of freshwater organisms. Significant efforts have been made to remove or provide passage around these barriers; however, our understanding of the ecological effects of these efforts is minimal. Installation of a fish passage facility at the Landsburg Dam, WA, USA provided migratory fish access to habitat from which they had been excluded for over 100 years. Relying on voluntary recruitment, we examined the effectiveness of this facility in restoring coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch) salmon populations above the diversion, and whether reintroduction of native anadromous species affected the distribution and abundance of resident trout (O. mykiss and O. clarki). Before the ladder, late summer total salmonid (trout only) density increased with distance from the dam. This pattern was reversed after the ladder was opened, as total salmonid density (salmon {thorn} trout) approximately doubled in the three reaches closest to the dam. These changes were primarily due to the addition of coho, but small trout density also increased in lower reaches and decreased in upper reaches. A nearby source population, dispersal by adults and juveniles, low density of resident trout and high quality habitat above the barrier likely promoted rapid colonization of targeted species. Our results suggest that barrier removal creates an opportunity for migratory species to re-establish populations leading to range expansion and potentially to increased population size. ?? 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  17. 1999 BPA habitat projects completed within the Asotin Creek Watershed, WA; Ridge-Top to Ridge-Top Habitat Projects; 1999 BPA Completion Report - January 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Asotin Creek Model Watershed Program (ACMWP) is the primary entity coordinating habitat projects on both private and public lands within the Asotin Creek watershed. The Asotin Creek watershed covers approximately 325 square miles in the Blue Mountains of southeastern Washington in WRIA 35. According to WDFW's Priority WRIA's by At-Risk Stock Significance Map, it is the highest priority in southeastern WA. Snake River spring chinook salmon, summer steelhead and bull trout, which are listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), are present in the watershed. The ACMWP began coordinating habitat projects in 1995. Approximately two hundred seventy-six projects have been implemented through the ACMWP as of 1999. Twenty of these projects were funded in part through Bonneville Power Administration's 1999 Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. These projects used a variety of methods to enhance and protect watershed conditions. In-stream work for fish habitat included construction of hard structures (e.g. vortex rock weirs), meander reconstruction, placement of large woody debris (LWD) and whole trees and improvements to off-channel rearing habitat; thirty-eight were created with these structures. Three miles of stream benefited from riparian improvements such as vegetative plantings (17,000 trees and shrubs) and noxious weed control. Two sediment basin constructions, 67 acres of grass seeding, and seven hundred forty-five acres of minimum till were implemented to reduce sediment production and delivery to streams in the watershed

  18. ONGs, indios y petroléo: El caso U'wa a través de los mapas del territorio en disputa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available ONGS, INDIENS ET PÉTROLE : LE DOSSIER U'WA À TRAVERS LES CARTES DE LA QUERELLE TERRITORIALE. Cet article explore les cartes du dossier U’wa. Cette confrontation est devenue célèbre suite à la menace de suicide d’un peuple indigène face à un projet pétrolier mené par deux grandes entreprises multinationales, OXY et SHELL, associées à l’État colombien. Le récit d’une “ tribu ” décidée à se suicider au nom de ce qu’elle considère sacré a attiré l’attention des médias du monde entier mais aussi de nombreuses organisations non gouvernementales (ONGs écologiques et des droits de l’homme. Ces dernières ont une participation active dans cette dispute qui se déroule dans le cadre du conflit armé colombien. L’objet de cet article est de mener une réflexion à propos des récits, des images et des représentations avec lesquelles les différents acteurs agissent dans la confrontation. À un certain moment de la controverse, toutes les parties ont préparé et même publié des cartes pour soutenir, souligner et illustrer leur argumentation. Elles montrent toutes le même ensemble de zones : celle de l’aire d’exploitation pétrolière et celles de la réserve indigène légalement reconnue et de l’aire réclamée comme territoire ancestral par les U’wa. Cependant chacun a choisi de montrer la relation entre ces surfaces de façon particulière et met en relief certains éléments. Ces cartes peuvent donc être considérées comme des textes culturels et conforment ainsi un corpus à explorer pour comprendre le conflit. Étant donné que la cartographie prétend être objective, les cartes sont apparemment éloignées des positions qui sont prises dans la discussion. Elles nous offrent, en conséquence, un point de vue privilégié pour entrevoir les hypothèses et les présuppositions de chacun des acteurs. Cet article nous permet une meilleure approcheà travers les cartes, du “ sous-texte ” des antagonistes, des notions, opinions et intentions que les acteurs n'expriment pas de façon explicite, c’est-à-dire de l’inconscient politique de chaque ligne d’argumentation. L’analyse critique de la cartographie nous montre comment, paradoxalement, l’“ agenda ” des ONGs écologiques ressemble à celle des agents du développement pétrolier en s’appuyant sur le même type de catégories et de notions. Il nous montre aussi les dispositifs à travers lesquels la cosmologie indigène est rendue statique et essentielle, devenant en même temps invisible et sans légitimité. El presente artículo hace un análisis del caso U'wa, una confrontación que debe su celebridad a la amenaza de suicidio de un pueblo indígena frente a un proyecto petrolero adelantado por dos grandes compañías (la OXY y la SHELL asociadas con el Estado colombiano. El relato de una “tribu” dispuesta a suicidarse a nombre de lo que ella considera sagrado ha llamado la atención no sólo de los medios en el mundo, sino de numerosas organizaciones no gubernamentales ambientalistas e indigenistas, las que han intervenido de manera activa en esta disputa que se desarrolla en medio del conflicto armado colombiano. El propósito de este artículo es el de adelantar una reflexión sobre el conjunto de relatos, imágenes y representaciones que han guiado las prácticas de los diferentes actores en la confrontación. Todas las partes han preparado e incluso publicado mapas en algún punto de la controversia con el fin de sustentar, resaltar e ilustrar su argumentación. Todos ellos muestran el mismo conjunto de zonas: las del área de explotación petrolera y los territorios indígenas tanto reconocidos por la ley como los reclamados por los indígenas. Cada uno muestra, sin embargo, estas zonas y la relación entre ellas de manera particular y pone en relieve ciertos elementos. Estos mapas se pueden considerar como verdaderos textos culturales y constituyen así un corpus para aproximarnos a la confrontación. Debido a la pretensión de objetividad con la que se expresa la cartografía, los mapas aparecen ajenos a las posiciones que cada uno de los actores ha tomado en la discusión, y nos ofrecen por ello una ventana privilegiada para entrever las hipótesis y los supuestos de los que parten los diferentes actores. Este trabajo nos aproxima, a través de los mapas, al “sub-texto” de los antagonistas, a las nociones, opiniones e intenciones que los actores no expresan explícitamente, es decir al “inconsciente político” detrás de cada línea de argumentación. A partir del análisis de la cartografía se concluye, por una parte, que la “agenda” que defiende el ambientalismo e incluso el indigenismo, tiene mucho más en común con la del desarrollo petrolero de lo que aparenta y por otra, que los mecanismos a través de los cuales se esencializa la cosmología indígena, logran deslegitimarla e invisibilizarla de maneras paradójicas. NGOS, INDIANS AND PETROLEUM: THE U'WA FILE THROUGH THE MAPS OF THE LAND IN DISPUTE. This paper examines the U'wa affair, a confrontation that became well know when a small indigenous group threatened to commit collective suicide in response to an oil exploitation project by two transnational companies (OXY and SHELL associated with the state in Colombia. The story of a “tribe” willing to commit suicide in the name of what they consider to be sacred not only attracted the attention of the media all over the world, but the activism of numerous NGO's devoted to the environment and human rights. These organizations have played a key part in this confrontation which took place in the midst of the Colombian armed conflict. This article reflects on the set of images and representations which has guided the experience and the practice of the actors in dispute. At some point, all parties involved have prepared and even published maps intended to illustrate and sustain their argumentation. These maps all show the same combination of zones: those of the oil exploitation area and the indigenous lands, both the ones recognized by the state and the ancestral territories they claim as theirs. Each map shows these areas and the relation between them, but emphasizing particular features in different ways. They may thus be considered as cultural texts and constitute a corpus of information to approach and understand the conflict. Since cartography represents its objects in an allegedly objective manner, maps appear to be neutral in relation to the positions asserted by every actor. As a consequence, they offer a privileged standpoint from which to identify the hypotheses and assumptions that underlie their actions and enunciations. The paper explores, trough maps, and the “sub-text” in the arguments put forth by each of the antagonists: the notions, opinions and intentions they are not express explicitly (i.e., the “political unconscious” of the argumentation. The critical analysis of the conflict’s cartography shows how much the agenda of the environmental and human rights NGO’s resembles that of the oil boosters, and the means through which the indigenous cosmology is construed as static and essentialist, and in this way, rendered invisible and illegitimate in paradoxical ways.

  19. La??’if, Paraenetica and Prophets: restudying Junta Manuscript Kit?b la??’if al-Anbiy’ wa-fhi Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben-Ari, Shosh

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available While examining the genre of “The Stories of the Prophets” (Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’ as background to my dissertation about Abraham in Islamic literature, I received from Prof. J. Sadan a manuscript that he found in the British Library that is related to this genre. Later I found similar versions of the same composition, which led me to try to find how this compilation emerged. The composition is very close to the preaching literature (wa‘?, which deals mainly with moral education, but it also includes stories. I wondered if this is a literary genre, standing by itself, which started out as an aid, auxiliary material for understanding the oral tradition and religious studies, and then became an independent genre, closer to edifying literature, known as Paraenetica, or to the genre of Specula Regis (Mirrors of kings. I describe the manuscript in order to try to reach a conclusion: is this a different literary genre? Is it an educational genre or only a simplified version of stories for a child or a non-Arab ruler whose education was in Arabic language? Or did the writer perhaps want an original name for his compilation, and as the name Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’ was already in use he chose a different name, using a word which also intimates the collection’s small size?

    Trabajando sobre el género de “Historias de los Profetas” (Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’ en el proceso de elaboración de mi tesis sobre Abraham en la literatura islámica, el profesor J. Sadan me envió un manuscrito que había localizado en la British Library relacionado con este género. Posteriormente encontré versiones similares de la misma composición, lo que me animó a profundizar mi investigación sobre sus orígenes. La obra está próxima a la literatura de predicación (wa‘?, que se ocupa principalmente de la educación moral, pero también incluye historias. Me planteé la posibilidad de que éste formarse un género que hubiera surgido como una ayuda, un material auxiliar concebido para entender la tradición oral y los estudios religiosos para, posteriormente, convertirse en un género independiente, más cercano a la Parénesis o al Specula Regis (Espejos de príncipes. Describiré el manuscrito para intentar alcanzar una conclusión sobre ciertas cuestiones: ¿es éste un género literario diferente?, ¿se trata de un género educativo o solamente es una versión simplificada de historias para ilustrar a niños o principiantes de la lengua árabe?, ¿buscaría el autor un nombre original para su compilación, haciendo referencia al reducido tamaño de la colección y descartando el de Qi?a? al-Anbiy?’ por ser conocido?

  20. Vegetation - Pine Creek WA and Fitzhugh Creek WA [ds484

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This fine-scale vegetation classification and map of the Pine Creek and Fitzhugh Creek Wildlife Areas, Modoc County, California was created following FGDC and...

  1. 2002 NOAA Lidar: Willapa Bay, WA Mudflat (WA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NOAA contracted with Spencer B. Gross, Inc. (SBG) to obtain airborne Lidar of Willapa Bay, Washington during low tide conditions. The Lidar data was processed to...

  2. An unedited 1.1 kb mitochondrial orfB gene transcript in the Wild Abortive Cytoplasmic Male Sterility (WA-CMS system of Oryza sativa L. subsp. indica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maiti Mrinal K

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The application of hybrid rice technology has significantly increased global rice production during the last three decades. Approximately 90% of the commercially cultivated rice hybrids have been derived through three-line breeding involving the use of WA-CMS lines. It is believed that during the 21st century, hybrid rice technology will make significant contributions to ensure global food security. This study examined the poorly understood molecular basis of the WA-CMS system in rice. Results RFLPs were detected for atp6 and orfB genes in sterile and fertile rice lines, with one copy of each in the mt-genome. The RNA profile was identical in both lines for atp6, but an additional longer orfB transcript was identified in sterile lines. 5' RACE analysis of the long orfB transcript revealed it was 370 bp longer than the normal transcript, with no indication it was chimeric when compared to the genomic DNA sequence. cDNA clones of the longer orfB transcript in sterile lines were sequenced and the transcript was determined unedited. Sterile lines were crossed with the restorer and maintainer lines, and fertile and sterile F1 hybrids were respectively generated. Both hybrids contained two types of orfB transcripts. However, the long transcript underwent editing in the fertile F1 hybrids and remained unedited in the sterile lines. Additionally, the editing of the 1.1 kb orfB transcript co-segregated with fertility restoring alleles in a segregating population of F2 progeny; and the presence of unedited long orfB transcripts was detected in the sterile plants from the F2 segregating population. Conclusion This study helped to assign plausible operative factors responsible for male-sterility in the WA cytoplasm of rice. A new point of departure to dissect the mechanisms governing the CMS-WA system in rice has been identified, which can be applied to further harness the opportunities afforded by hybrid vigor in rice.

  3. Improving spatial concentration estimates for nitrogen oxides using a hybrid meteorological dispersion/land use regression model in Los Angeles, CA and Seattle, WA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilton, Darren; Szpiro, Adam; Gould, Timothy; Larson, Timothy

    2010-02-01

    Predictions from a simple line source dispersion model, Caline3, were included as a covariate in a land use regression (LUR) model for NO(X)/NO(2) in Los Angeles, CA and Seattle, WA. The Caline3 model prediction assumed a unit emission factor for all roadway segments (1.0g/vehicle-mile). The NO(X) and/or NO(2) measurements for LA and Seattle were obtained from a comprehensive measurement campaign that is part of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Air Pollution Study (MESA Air). The measurement campaigns in both cities were approximately 2weeks in duration employing approximately 145 measurement sites in Greater LA and 26 sites in Seattle. The best "standard" LUR model (obtained without the inclusion of the Caline3 predictions) in LA had R(2) values of 0.53 for NO(X) and 0.74 for NO(2). The leave-one-out cross-validated R(2) values for NO(X) and NO(2) were 0.45 and 0.71, respectively. The equivalent "standard" NO(2) model for Seattle had an R(2) of 0.72 and a leave-one-out cross-validated R(2) of 0.63. When the Caline3 variable was included in the LA hybrid model, the R(2) values were 0.71 and 0.79 for NO(X) and NO(2), respectively. The corresponding cross-validated R(2) values were 0.66 and 0.77, for NOX and NO2, respectively. In Seattle, the inclusion of the Caline3 variable resulted in a NO(2) model with an R(2) of 0.81 and a corresponding cross-validated R(2) of 0.67. In LA, hybrid model performance was not affected by excluding roadways with annual average daily traffic volumes (AADT)vehicles were modelled as separate terms, the estimated fleet average NO(X) emission factors were 8.9 (SE=0.7) and 0.16 (SE=0.12) grams NO(X)/vehicle mile for heavy-duty and lighter-duty vehicles, respectively. These values are consistent with fleet average emission factors computed for LA with EMFAC 2007. PMID:20006373

  4. WA7 - View from downstream

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    With this set-up the Annecy (LAPP)-CERN-Copenhagen(Niels Bohr Institute)-Genova-Oslo-University College London Collaboration investigated large-angle elastic scattering of charged mesons and antiprotons on protons, first at 20 and 30 GeV/c, later at 50 GeV/c. The beam H1 (from top) passes two CEDAR counters (centre) before entering the one-metre long liquid hydrogen target, partly inside a magnet of 1.56 T, with a field volume of about 1.50x0.75x1.50 m3. In the foreground one sees on the left the hadron calorimeter of the 'slow' arm; on the right, are scintillation hodoscopes and behind them, a treshold Cerenkov counter of the 'fast' arm.

  5. HYDRAULICS, CLALLAM COUNTY, WA, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Recent developments in digital terrain and geospatial database management technology make it possible to protect this investment for existing and future projects to...

  6. Boeing Aerospace Co., Seattle, WA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A two stage subharmonic injector has been installed and tested on the Boeing S band linac. The injector is designed as a prototype front end for a high voltage linac for free electron laser research. This accelerator will require long macropulse trains of widely spaced high current micropulses. Single micropulse output beams of 1-2 nC, 10 ps width, 1% full width energy spread and normalized emittance of epsilon/sub n/ = ???rphi = 0.01 cm-rad have been measured. The data are in good agreement with model predictions

  7. la_push_wa.grd

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NGDC builds and distributes high-resolution, coastal digital elevation models (DEMs) that integrate ocean bathymetry and land topography to support NOAA's mission...

  8. Hydrogeologic Case Studies (Seattle, WA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

  9. Study of {Lambda}{sup +}{sub c} production and Pentaquark search in WA89 CERN experiment data; Etude de la production du {Lambda}{sup +}{sub c} et recherche du Pentaquark dans les donnees de l`experience WA89 du CERN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Charignon, F.

    1995-01-01

    This thesis is dedicated to the study of the {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} charmed baryon and to the ``Pentaquark`` search, within the framework of the CERN WA89 experiment. This fixed target experiment is using a 330 GeV/c hyperon beam. Its aim is the production and the study of baryons carrying charm and strangeness as well as the search of multiquarks. The experimental setup is built around the CERN Omega spectrometer. Production and decay vertices of charmed particles are reconstructed by means of microstrip detectors. Multiwire proportional chambers reconstruct the trajectories in the Omega magnetic field and particle identification is provided by a Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector. An invariant mass signal has been obtained for the {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} in the proton-kaon-pion decay channel. Distorsion effects occurring in the event reconstruction have been taken into account in the estimation of the {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} lifetime and production cross-section. Finally, the exotic multiquark state ``Pentaquark`` was investigated in the channel proton-phi-pion but no signal was observed. (author). 86 refs., 56 figs.

  10. Search of the signals related to the disoriented chiral condensate in the data of the Pb + Pb reaction at 158 A.GeV from the WA98 experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We used the multiplicity detectors of the WA98 apparatus for the Disoriented Chiral Condensate search (DDC). We developed a method of event selection based on 2-D wavelet transformation for the search of ?0 or ?+- clusters. We use also this method for the localization and characterization of clusters in terms of position and internal structure. The wavelet transformation singles out the signal at every scale in coefficients of two types: those corresponding to a signal smoothing and the wavelet coefficients sensible to signal density variations in case of a 2 D point distribution. By summing over the squared values of the last ones at every scale one can build the strength spectrum which is flat for a uniform distribution and the coefficients of which are sensible to cluster size. This spectrum was used to select the most structured candidates. The authors intend to extend this study by correlating different analysis scales as well as photons and charged particle clusters

  11. Healing leadership: the serving leader's impact on patient outcomes in a clinical environment

    OpenAIRE

    Andenoro A; Nagel C

    2012-01-01

    Chris Nagel1, Anthony C Andenoro21Medical Operations – Continuous Improvement, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; 2Department of Organizational Leadership, Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA, USAAbstract: The future of health care is a topic that has significant importance to patients and caregivers alike for generations to come. As the health care industry becomes more complex, leadership and the examination of how to most effectively apply it to meet efficiency standards and optimize t...

  12. 77 FR 70480 - Investigations Regarding Certifications of Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-26

    .../12 10/24/12 82110 Hewlett-Packard Company Wayland, MA 10/25/12 10/23/12 (State/One-Stop). 82111.../ Spokane, WA 10/31/12 10/29/12 One-Stop). 82119 Hewlett-Packard Company Corvallis, OR......... 10/31/12 10... Jose, CA 10/22/12 10/18/12 One-Stop). 82101 BT Americas (Company)...... EL Segundo, CA...........

  13. Libby Amphibole Contamination in Tree Bark Surrounding Historical Vermiculite Processing Facilities

    OpenAIRE

    Elashheb, Mohamed I.; Spear, Terry M.; Hart, Julie F.; James S. Webber; Ward, Tony J.

    2011-01-01

    Over a 70-year period, a mine near Libby, MT supplied nearly 80% of the world’s vermiculite. Raw vermiculite, which was contaminated with naturally occurring amphibole in veins throughout the deposit, was shipped to processing sites throughout the United States for exfoliation. In this pilot study, tree bark samples were collected near processing facilities in Spokane, WA, Santa Ana, CA, Newark, CA, and Phoenix, AZ in an effort to determine if areas surrounding these facilities are today cont...

  14. How gender disparities drive imbalances in health care leadership

    OpenAIRE

    Hoss MAK; Bobrowski P; McDonagh KJ; Paris NM

    2011-01-01

    Mary Ann Keogh Hoss1, Paula Bobrowski2, Kathryn J McDonagh3, Nancy M Paris41Health Services Administration, Eastern Washington University, College of Business and Public Administration, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Liberal Arts, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 3Executive Relations, Hospira Inc, Lake Forest, IL, USA; 4Georgia Center for Oncology Research and Education, Atlanta, GA, USAAbstract: Low female representation in US hospital chief executive officer positions has persisted for de...

  15. Staff exchange with Spokane Intercollegiate Research and Technology Institute (SIRTI), final project report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alexander, G.M.

    1994-12-01

    Staff exchanges, such as the one described in this report, are intended to facilitate communication and collaboration among scientists and engineers at Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories, in U.S. industry, and academia. Funding support for these exchanges is provided by the DOE, Office of Energy Research, Laboratory Technology Transfer Program. Funding levels for each exchange typically range from $20,000 to $40,000. The exchanges offer the opportunity for the laboratories to transfer technology and expertise to industry, gain a perspective on industry`s problems, and develop the basis for further cooperative efforts through Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAS) or other mechanisms.

  16. LAND OWNERSHIP IN WA, OR, AND ID

    Science.gov (United States)

    Data came from the GAP programs and were captured from 1:100,000 scale maps. Projection: R10 Albers Scale: 1:100,000. Major Attributes: Ownership codes, code signifying the National Forest or BLM district, site or area name given by the managing agency. Sources: Idaho Dept...

  17. Explanation of IAEA EBP WA1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An outline of IAEA/ISSC/EBP activities was given and the relation of this WS to those activities was explained. Deep borehole seismic observation is one of the themes in Work Area 1, and the IAEA conveyed its expectation that this WS would lead to the creation of a supplemental document for seismic hazard evaluation to be included in IAEA guide SSG-9 (Seismic Hazards in Site Evaluation for Nuclear Installations). (author)

  18. DCS Hydraulics Submission for Whatcom County, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Recent developments in digital terrain and geospatial database management technology make it possible to protect this investment for existing and future projects to...

  19. Results from CERN experiment WA80

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent photon-measurement results are presented. Accurate reconstructed and ?0 and ? results have been obtained down to signal/noise ratios of 0.002. The production of ? mesons was found to be consistent with MT scaling observed in hadron-hadron collisions. ''Direct,'' single-photon yields were extracted from high-statistics S+Au data obtained at 200 GeV/nucleon. A slight excess of photons over the number of photons that can be accounted for by hadronic decays was observed for central events. Two-proton correlations were obtained in the target fragmentation region in p+A, 16O+A and 32S+A reaction at 200 GeV/nucleon. Source radii extracted from the correlations were found to follow an A1/3 dependence. This indicates that entire target nuclei are involved in the collisions and that a simple target-spectator picture does not apply at these energies

  20. DCS Hydrology Submission for Pierce County WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Hydrology data include spatial datasets and data tables necessary for documenting the hydrologic procedures for estimating flood discharges for a flood insurance...

  1. Wide field CO J = 3¿2 mapping of the Serpens Cloud Core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dionatos, Odyssefs; Nisini, Brunella; Codella, Claudio; Giannini, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    Context. Outflows provide indirect means to get an insight on diverse star formation associated phenomena. On scales of individual protostellar cores, outflows combined with intrinsic core properties can be used to study the mass accretion/ejection process of heavily embedded protostellar sources. Aims. The main objective of the paper is to study the overall outflow distribution and association with the young population of the Serpens Core cluster. In addition, the paper addresses the correlatio...

  2. Incremental Risks of Transporting NARM to the LLW Disposal Facility at Hanford

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study models the incremental radiological risk of transporting NARM to the Hanford commercial LLW facility, both for incident-free transportation and for possible transportation accidents, compared with the radiological risk of transporting LLW to that facility. Transportation routes are modeled using HIGHWAY 3.1 and risks are modeled using RADTRAN 4. Both annual population doses and risks, and annual average individual doses and risks are reported. Three routes to the Hanford site were modeled from Albany, OR, from Coeur d'Alene, ID (called the Spokane route), and from Seattle, WA. Conservative estimates are used in the RADTRAN inputs, and RADTRAN itself is conservative

  3. 77 FR 12873 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... determination by the Secretary of the Interior; and (2) development of a casino-resort facility, parking... project site. At full build-out, the proposed casino-resort facility would have approximately 98,442 square feet of gaming floor and a 300-room hotel. The following alternatives are considered in the...

  4. Neighborhood Planning through Community Service-Learning: The Empowerment of East Sprague Neighborhood Residents in Spokane, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winchell, Dick G.

    2006-01-01

    This essay explores Eastern Washington University's East Central Neighborhood Partnership Center project, which utilized coordinated community service-learning classes and internships to create a neighborhood revitalization plan in partnership with a neighborhood council and community-based organizations. The author explores the ways in which the…

  5. Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002-2003 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2006-02-01

    In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

  6. Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2003-2004 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2005-11-01

    In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

  7. The effect of higher partial waves (J{>=}3) on the nuclear matter binding energy and saturation density

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Modarres, M., E-mail: mmodares@ut.ac.i [Physics Department, University of Tehran, North-Kargar Ave., 1439955961 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Pourmirjafari, T. [Physics Department, University of Tehran, North-Kargar Ave., 1439955961 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    The available phenomenological nucleon-nucleon (NN) potentials usually fit the experimental phase shifts up to a maximum partial wave (energy). In this work we intend to use the lowest order constrained variational (LOCV) method to calculate the binding energy and the saturation density of nuclear matter (NM) up to the different maximum partial waves (J{sub max}), and investigate their effects on the saturation properties of NM. The NN potentials such as the Reid86, the {Delta}-Reid68, the Reid93 and the Av{sub 18} interactions are used to calculate the saturation energy-density curve of NM with different J{sub max}. It is shown that the higher partial waves have sizable effect on the properties of NM, and it is not possible to ignore them simply. Finally, the contribution of various channel energies in terms of J{sub max} are presented and discussed, and once again concluded that the inclusion of channel dependence of correlation functions are more important than to parameterize them to reduce the amount of computational procedure or to take into account the many-body cluster terms.

  8. States of $\\rho B^* \\bar{B}^*$ with $J=3$ within the Fixed Center Approximation to Faddeev equations

    CERN Document Server

    Bayar, M; Sun, Zhi-Feng; Oset, E

    2015-01-01

    In this work we study the $\\rho B^*\\bar{B}^*$ three-body system solving the Faddeev equations in the fixed center approximation. We assume the $B^*\\bar{B}^*$ system forming a cluster, and in terms of the two-body $\\rho B^*$ unitarized scattering amplitudes in the local Hidden Gauge approach we find a new $I(J^{PC})=1(3^{--})$ state. The mass of the new state corresponds to a two particle invariant mass of the $\\rho B^\\ast$ system close to the resonant energy of the $B^\\ast_2(5747)$, indicating that the role of this $J=2$ resonance is important in the dynamical generation of the new state.

  9. Eigenstates of complex linear combinations of J1, J2, J3 for any representation of SU(2)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The states which minimalize the uncertainty relation ?J1 ?J2 >=1/2/3>/ are eigenstates of complex linear combinations of J1 and J2. This kind of states is shown to have a very simple geometrical interpretation in the constellation formalism. A detailed description is given in the present pap

  10. DOE ZERH Case Study: Dwell Development, Reclaimed Modern, Seattle, WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom home in the cold climate that got a HERS 30 without PV, with 2x8 24” on center walls with blown fiberglass and 4” polysio rigid foam; basement with 2” XPS interior, 4” under slab, 4” exterior of foundation wall; vented attic with R-100 blown cellulose; wo air-to-air heat pumps SEER 14.1; HSPF 9.6; heat pump water heater.

  11. 77 FR 14586 - Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement; Kittitas County, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    ... Kittitas County, Washington. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Liana Liu, Area Engineer, South Central... should be directed to both Liana Liu (FHWA) and Jason Smith (WSDOT) at the addresses or phone...

  12. DCS Survey Submission for Unincorporated Pierce County, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Survey data includes spatial datasets and data tables necessary to digitally represent data collected in the survey phase of the study. (Source: FEMA Guidelines and...

  13. Development of blue rose; Aoi bara wa sakuka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kondo, T. [Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan); Yoshida, K.

    1998-06-01

    Precise crystalline structures of pigments in petals have been elucidated by structural analysis of the blue pigment in Commelinaceae petals using X-ray analysis. It is found that the Mg ion is coordinated with the oxygen atom on the B-nucleus in the base nucleus of delphinidin (belonging to anthocyanidine, a pigment obtained by separating sugar from anthocyanin by hydrolysis) to develop a blue color, and that the complex is a stable supermolecule in which 6 pigment molecules are associated regularly with 6 flavone molecules. The similar mechanisms are responsible for development of blue color for flowers, and widely occurring in nature. Biosynthesis of anthocyanin, beginning with phenylalanine, undergoes virtually common processes; cyclization of the flavonoide skeleton, reduction to the anthocyanidine nucleus, hydroxylation of the B-nucleus in the base nucleus and glycoside formation at the 3-site. It will be possible to shift rose color to blue, if anthocyanin belonging to anthocyanidine could be bio-synthesized by introducing the gene of enzyme for 3`, 5`-hydroxylation on the base nucleus, which the rose lacks. 4 refs., 4 figs.

  14. 76 FR 3922 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-21

    ...to 33 acres would include establishment of the early-blue violet; this host plant would serve the future reintroduction...would include the successful establishment of the early-blue violet; this host plant would serve the future...

  15. [Interview]: Alexandre Shvartsburg, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, USA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shvartsburg, Alexandre A.

    2012-12-01

    Q1. What are your main research activities in ion mobility mass spectrometry (past or present)? My early efforts focused on the structural characterization of atomic (carbon and semiconductor) clusters. After the production of bulk fullerenes, many hoped that other nanoclusters discovered in the gas phase could also coalesce into new materials. As these studies required accurate and robust mobility calculations for any ion geometry, I strived to build the needed theory and implement it in the Mobcal software widely employed today. Since 2004, I have been developing methods and novel applications of differential IMS (FAIMS) at PNNL. The principal achievement has been raising the resolving power by over tenfold (up to ~400 for multiply-charged peptides) using elevated fields, helium and hydrogen-rich buffers, and extended filtering times. This performance broadly allows previously unthinkable separations of very similar species, for example sequence inversions and post-translational modification localization isomers of peptides (including “middle-down” peptides such as histone tails), lipid regioisomers, and even isotopomers. Another major direction is investigating the dipole alignment of larger proteins, which creates an exceptionally strong FAIMS effect that is a potential tool for structural biology. Q2: What have been the most significant instrumentation or applications developments in the history of ion mobility - mass spectrometry? In 1995 when I started graduate research at Northwestern, only two groups worldwide worked with IMS/MS and “the literature” meant papers by Bowers (UCSB). Well-wishers counseled me to “learn something useful like HPLC, as IMS would never have real utility”. This booklet showcases the scale of change since. First, the practical IMS/ToF platforms for complex biological analyses demonstrated by Clemmer have turned IMS/MS from an esoteric physical chemistry technique into a powerful analytical tool. By commercializing the IMS/ToF technology in Synapt instruments, Waters has greatly increased its impact via expanded number and diversity of applications. Concurrently, Guevremont at Canadian NRC has perfected FAIMS coupled to MS, deployed it for real-world bio and environmental analyses, and widely distributed it in the Ionalytics Selectra system (subsequently installed on Thermo MS platforms). The latest breakthrough is ultra-FAIMS by Owlstone, where extreme fields allow numerous qualitatively new separations and operational modes that we just begin to explore. Q3: Where do you see ion mobility - mass spectrometry making the most impact in the next 5 years? Any predictions for where the field will go? Sciences dealing with perturbations in media (such as optics or acoustics) at some point shift from the linear to nonlinear paradigm, where propagation depends on the magnitude of perturbation or its driving force. While the linear part remains industrially important (e.g., eyewear and architectural glass for optics), frontline research moves to nonlinear phenomena. IMS is undergoing that transition now with the rise of FAIMS, which should continue as the fundamental understanding improves, new modalities and applications emerge, and more instrumentation is introduced by vendors. Modifying and augmenting FAIMS separations through vapor dopants that render ion mobilities less linear is becoming routine. I expect this area to advance, extending to more specific interactions and to complexation with solution additives. Another route to higher separation power is integrating FAIMS with conventional IMS; proliferation of both technologies would make such 2-D platforms common. Along with mass spectrometry and conventional IMS, FAIMS will address increasingly large macromolecules, including proteins and their complexes.

  16. Best Practices Case Study: Quadrant Homes - Kentlake Highlands, Kent, WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2010-09-01

    Case study of Quadrant Homes, a Seattle area builder who, despite the recession, sold three homes a day in the first half of 2009, by letting buyers choose from 300 floor plans and 10,000 options, including an energy efficiency package designed with help from DOE’s Building America that cut energy use by 50% over a code-built home.

  17. Z zagadnie? leksyki gwarowej – polskie ludowe nazwy wa?ek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Kucharzyk

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Some problems of the dialectal vocabulary – the Polish folk names of dragonfliesThis paper deals with the Polish folk names of a dragonfly – an insect belonging to the order Odonata. Over 90 Polish dialectal names were gathered and analyzed here. The motivation of these names has been discussed in this paper. Moreover, the information about the geographical occurrence of these lexemes is given here.As it has been appeared, these names mainly refer metaphorically to some typical morphological or behavioral characteristic feature of the dragonfly, for example samolot, lalka, szklarz. Some lexemes reflect also the folk beliefs. For example, there are names in which an association between the dragonfly and the snake is expressed – gadzia g?owa, w?zi pastuch. Generally, the names of a dragonfly in Polish dialects are culturally determined.

  18. 78 FR 16713 - Board Meeting; April 16, 2013; Richland, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-18

    ...associated with disposal of wastes from the Hanford site. Also...Amendments to the Nuclear Waste Policy Act (NWPA) to conduct...DOE-owned facilities or the management or disposal of low-level radioactive waste. The Board's...

  19. 76 FR 26182 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Hood Canal, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    ..., 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). ] Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... of the Hood Canal floating drawbridge near Port Gamble, Washington to test an operational change...

  20. 77 FR 28767 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ...openings, thereby reducing traffic queues and delays due...due to the volume of traffic and congestion in the area around the...provide some relief to road traffic on State Routes 3 and...assessment of potential costs and benefits under...

  1. Clausenolide-1-methyl ether from Clausena heptaphylla W&A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rokeya BEGUM

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El limonoíde clausenolido-1-metil eter (1 fue aislado de corteza de Clausena heptaphylla. La estructura del compuesto fue determinada por metodos espectroscópicos, incluyendo 2D RMN, espectrometría de masas (EM y comparación de los datos espectroscópicos y constantes físicas con los publicados en la literatura. Este es el primer informe del aislamiento de clausenolido-1-metil eter (1 de Clausena heptaphylla.

  2. Local determination of WA parameters from qS waves.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pšen?ík, Ivan; Zheng, Xuyao

    Prague : Charles University, 2002, s. 19-34 R&D Projects: GA ?R GA205/00/1350 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z3012916 Keywords : local inversion * qS waves * slowness vector * polarization vector * weak anisotropy Subject RIV: DC - Siesmology, Volcanology, Earth Structure

  3. Preparing for neutrinos at the SPS (exp WA1)

    CERN Multimedia

    1975-01-01

    The experimental set-up consists of 19 modules of magnetized iron in which layers of scintillators are inserted. Drift chambers placed between the modules will complete this huge neutrino detector (CERN-Dortmund- Heidelberg-Saclay Collaboration)

  4. Net Anthropogenic Nitrogen Inputs in the Seattle, WA Metropolitan Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, E. K.; Alberti, M.

    2014-12-01

    Nitrogen loading has been identified as a potential stressor to marine ecosystems of the Puget Sound in the Pacific Northwest, and the Washington State Department of Ecology has estimated that anthropogenic sources of dissolved inorganic nitrogen to the Sound are 2.7 times higher than natural loads (Mohamedali et al. 2011). The Seattle urban area, situated in the southeast of the Sound, has the largest population in the northwestern US. Heavily urbanized along the coast, the 4 counties comprising the region (Snohomish, King, Pierce, and Kitsap) also include forests and agriculture. Urban and agricultural areas tend to have substantial anthropogenic N loading due to fertilizer application, presence of N-fixing vegetation, N atmospheric deposition, and human and other animal waste. To determine the relative contribution of urban vs. rural agricultural activities to N loads from the Seattle region to the Puget Sound, we used the Net Anthropogenic Nitrogen Inputs (NANI) calculator developed by Hong et al. (2011) for the watersheds of this region. The NANI calculator uses nationally available datasets to calculate NANI as the sum of oxidized N deposition, fertilizer application, agricultural N fixation, net food and feed inputs, and net animal and human N consumption. We found that NANI ranged from approximately 100 to 1500 kg m-2 y-1, with some of the highest rates in watersheds with high impervious surface or agricultural areas with N-fixing crops or large fertilizer additions. Many of the agricultural watersheds have intervening low-NANI watershed between themselves and the coast, thus it is likely that agricultural NANI is attenuated before entering the Puget Sound. The urban areas in the region do not have these attenuating watersheds, and so are likely to be the main contributor to the observed total aquatic N yield. This information is helpful for developing policies to reduce N loading to the Sound.

  5. 2013-2014 USGS Lidar: Olympic Peninsula (WA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — TASK NAME: USGS Olympic Peninsula Washington LIDAR LiDAR Data Acquisition and Processing Production Task USGS Contract No. G10PC00057 Task Order No. G13PD00849...

  6. Geological Structures in the WaIls of Vestan Craters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittlefehldt, David; Nathues, A.; Beck, A. W.; Hoffmann, M.; Schaefer, M.; Williams, D. A.

    2014-01-01

    A compelling case can be made that Vesta is the parent asteroid for the howardite, eucrite and diogenite (HED) meteorites [1], although this interpretation has been questioned [2]. Generalized models for the structure of the crust of Vesta have been developed based on petrologic studies of basaltic eucrites, cumulate eucrites and diogenites. These models use inferred cooling rates for different types of HEDs and compositional variations within the clan to posit that the lower crust is dominantly diogenitic in character, cumulate eucrites occur deep in the upper crust, and basaltic eucrites dominate the higher levels of the upper crust [3-5]. These models lack fine-scale resolution and thus do not allow for detailed predictions of crustal structure. Geophysical models predict dike and sill intrusions ought to be present, but their widths may be quite small [6]. The northern hemisphere of Vesta is heavily cratered, and the southern hemisphere is dominated by two 400-500 km diameter basins that excavated deep into the crust [7-8]. Physical modeling of regolith formation on 300 km diameter asteroids predicts that debris layers would reach a few km in thickness, while on asteroids of Vesta's diameter regolith thicknesses would be less [9]. This agrees well with the estimated =1 km thickness of local debris excavated by a 45 km diameter vestan crater [10]. Large craters and basins may have punched through the regolith/megaregolith and exposed primary vestan crustal structures. We will use Dawn Framing Camera (FC) [11] images and color ratio maps from the High Altitude and Low Altitude Mapping Orbits (HAMO, 65 m/pixel; LAMO, 20 m/pixel) to evaluate structures exposed on the walls of craters: two examples are discussed here.

  7. Al-Ma‘ahid al-Tur?th?yah wa Shuy?‘?yah wa al- ?uruq al-??f?yah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khoirul Anwar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper will reveal images Pesantren tradition, Kyai, and the congregation that has not been studied by scholars such as van den Berg, Hurgronje, and Clifford Geertz thus able to capture the real power of intellectual tradition and religious boarding schools. Kyai (charismatic religious teachers/scholars and pesantren (traditional Islamic boarding schools owned and run by kyai have become common subjects of research among scholars studying Islam in Indonesia.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v5i1.761

  8. Metatheatricalizing Communal Exploitation in Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ngugi wa Miriis’ I Will Marry When I want

    OpenAIRE

    Akingbe, Niyi

    2014-01-01

    Metatheatre often refers to the capability of a stage text and performance to ostensibly establish a gamut of commentaries needed to repudiate a pervading social and political quagmire, tellingly obtainable in societies under siege. Metatheatre is a long established theatre tradition which has been sufficiently calibrated in William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream, put into a utilitarian proclivity in Anton Chekhov's The Seagull, and fully aestheticized in Jean Genet's The Balcony and...

  9. Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Department of Natural Resources, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Department of Natural Resources, Wellpinit, WA)

    2003-09-01

    In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial fish assemblages and native fish in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. In 1999, 2000, and 2001 the project began addressing some of the identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

  10. Association between Depressive Symptoms and Metabolic Syndrome in Police Officers: Results from Two Cross-Sectional Studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Policing is one of the most dangerous and stressful occupations and such stress can have deleterious effects on health. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome (Met Syn) in male and female police officers from two study populations, Buffalo, NY and Spokane, WA. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale. Met Syn was defined using the 2005 AHA/NHBLI guidelines. Analysis of covariance was used to describe differences in number of Met Syn components across depressive symptom categories. The number of Met Syn components increased significantly across categories of CES-D for Spokane men only (p-trend = 0.003). For each 5-unit increase in CES-D score, odds increased by 47.6% for having hypertriglyceridemia, by 51.8% for having hypertension, and by 56.7% for having glucose intolerance. Exploring this association is important since both are predictors of future chronic health problems and the results could be helpful in developing future gender-specific prevention and intervention efforts among police officers

  11. A thick homogeneous vegetated cover design proves cost - and schedule-effective for the reclamation of uranium mills sites near Spokane, Washington

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blacklaw, J.; Robertson, G.; Stoffel, D.; Ahmad, J.; Fordham, E. [Washington State Dept. of Health, Olympia, WA (United States)] [and others

    1997-08-01

    The Washington State Department of Health (WDOH) has licensed two medium sized uranium mills with tailings impoundments covering 28 and 40 hectares (70 and 100 acres), respectively, The uranium mill licensees have submitted closure and reclamation plans to the state, and site-specific conditions have determined the closure design features, Conventional uranium mill cover designs usually incorporate an overall cap of one to three meters, which includes a low-permeability clay barrier layer. A technical evaluation of several uranium mill facilities that used this design was published in the fall of 1994 and reported that unexpected vegetation root damage had occurred in the low-permeability clay (or bentonite amended) barrier layers. The technical report suggested that the low-permeability design feature at some sites could be compromised within a very short time and the regulatory goal of 1,000 years performance might not be achieved. In October 1994, WDOH sponsored a technical forum meeting to consider design alternatives to address these reliability concerns. Representatives from the federal government, nuclear industry, licensees, engineering firms, and state regulatory agencies attended the workshop. Risk factors considered in the evaluation of the uranium mill reclamation plans include: (1) radon gas emanation through the cover (the air pathway), and (2) migration of hazardous and/or radioactive constituents (the groundwater pathway). Additional design considerations include site structural stability, longevity of 1,000 years, and no active (ongoing) maintenance. 9 refs.

  12. Hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the midnite mine, northeastern Washington. Report of investigations/1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Midnite Mine is an inactive, hardrock uranium mine on the Spokane Indian Reservation, Stevens County, WA. Oxidation of sulfide-containing minerals, primarily pyrite, in the ore body produces large quantities of acidic water. An interception system installed by the mining company limits the discharge of contaminated water from the mine. The Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Bureau of Land Management have been actively involved in planning remediation of the disturbed areas. To assist in remediation, the U.S. Bureau of Mines initiated research to determine water quality and define groundwater flow characteristics. Bureau personnel designed a monitoring network, supervised installation of sampling wells, and collected and analyzed water samples. This Report of Investigations describes interpretation of data collected between December 1989 to April 1992

  13. The impacts of balanced and exhaust mechanical ventilation on indoor radon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Models for estimating radon entry rates, indoor radon concentrations, and ventilation rates in houses with a basement or a vented crawl-space and ventilated by natural infiltration, mechanical exhaust ventilation, or balanced mechanical ventilation are described. Simulations are performed for a range of soil and housing characteristics using hourly weather data for the heating season in Spokane, WA. For a house with a basement, we show that any ventilation technique should be acceptable when the soil permeability is less than approximately 10-12m2. However, exhaust ventilation leads to substantially higher indoor radon concentrations than infiltration or balanced ventilation with the same average air exchange rate when the soil permeability is 10-10m2 or greater. For houses with a crawl-space, indoor radon concentrations are lowest with balanced ventilation, intermediate with exhaust ventilation, and highest with infiltration

  14. How gender disparities drive imbalances in health care leadership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoss MAK

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Mary Ann Keogh Hoss1, Paula Bobrowski2, Kathryn J McDonagh3, Nancy M Paris41Health Services Administration, Eastern Washington University, College of Business and Public Administration, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Liberal Arts, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 3Executive Relations, Hospira Inc, Lake Forest, IL, USA; 4Georgia Center for Oncology Research and Education, Atlanta, GA, USAAbstract: Low female representation in US hospital chief executive officer positions has persisted for decades. This article addresses gender disparity in professional development, the rationale for gender differences, and practical strategies to address this imbalance. The health care workforce consists of 75% women, but according to two recent surveys, ie, a state survey and a survey of the top 100 US hospitals, women hold only about 12% of chief executive officer positions in US hospitals. Significant and dedicated efforts by both individuals and organizations are necessary to rectify this imbalance.Keywords: gender, imbalance, leadership, United States, hospitals

  15. Unveiling the physical properties and kinematics of molecular gas in the Antennae Galaxies (NGC 4038/9) through high resolution CO (J = 3-2) observations

    CERN Document Server

    Ueda, Junko; Petitpas, Glen; Yun, Min S; Ho, Paul T P; Kawabe, Ryohei; Mao, Rui-Qing; Martin, Sergio; Matsushita, Satoki; Peck, Alison B; Tamura, Yoichi; Wang, Junzhi; Wang, Zhong; Wilson, Christine D; Zhang, Qizhou

    2011-01-01

    We present a ~ 1" (100 pc) resolution 12CO (3-2) map of the nearby intermediate stage interacting galaxy pair NGC 4038/9 (the Antennae galaxies) obtained with the Submillimeter Array. We find that half the CO (3-2) emission originates in the overlap region where most of the tidally induced star formation had been previously found in shorter wavelength images, with the rest being centered on each of the nuclei. The gross distribution is consistent with lower resolution single dish images, but we show for the first time the detailed distribution of the warm and dense molecular gas across this galaxy pair at resolutions comparable to the size of a typical giant molecular complex. While we find that 58% (33/57) of the spatially resolved Giant Molecular Associations (GMAs; a few x 100 pc) are located in the overlap region, only \\leqq 30% spatially coincides with the optically detected star clusters, suggesting that the bulk of the CO (3-2) emission traces the regions with very recent or near future star formation ...

  16. UNVEILING THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND KINEMATICS OF MOLECULAR GAS IN THE ANTENNAE GALAXIES (NGC 4038/9) THROUGH HIGH-RESOLUTION CO (J = 3-2) OBSERVATIONS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ueda, Junko; Iono, Daisuke; Kawabe, Ryohei; Tamura, Yoichi [Nobeyama Radio Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 462-2 Minamimaki, Minamisaku, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan); Petitpas, Glen; Ho, Paul T. P.; Peck, Alison B.; Wang Zhong; Zhang Qizhou [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Yun, Min S. [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Mao Ruiqing [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 210008 Nanjing (China); Martin, Sergio [European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19 (Chile); Matsushita, Satoki [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Wang Junzhi [Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University, 22 Road, Nanjing 210093 (China); Wilson, Christine D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4M1 (Canada)

    2012-01-20

    We present a {approx}1'' (100 pc) resolution {sup 12}CO (3-2) map of the nearby intermediate-stage interacting galaxy pair NGC 4038/9 (the Antennae galaxies) obtained with the Submillimeter Array. We find that half the CO (3-2) emission originates in the overlap region where most of the tidally induced star formation had been previously found in shorter wavelength images, with the rest being centered on each of the nuclei. The gross distribution is consistent with lower resolution single-dish images, but we show for the first time the detailed distribution of the warm and dense molecular gas across this galaxy pair at resolutions comparable to the size of a typical giant molecular complex. While we find that 58% (33/57) of the spatially resolved Giant Molecular Associations (a few Multiplication-Sign 100 pc) are located in the overlap region, only {<=}30% spatially coincides with the optically detected star clusters, suggesting that the bulk of the CO (3-2) emission traces the regions with very recent or near future star formation activity. The spatial distribution of the CO (3-2)/CO (1-0) integrated brightness temperature ratios mainly ranges between 0.3 and 0.6, which suggests that on average the CO (3-2) line in the Antennae is not completely thermalized and similar to the average values of nearby spirals. A higher ratio is seen in both nuclei and the southern complexes in the overlap region. A higher radiation field associated with intense star formation can account for the nucleus of NGC 4038 and the overlap region, but the nuclear region of NGC 4039 shows relatively little star formation or active galactic nucleus activity and cannot be easily explained. We show kinematical evidence that the high line ratio in NGC 4039 is possibly caused by gas inflow into the counter-rotating central disk.

  17. Laser optogalvanic observations and MQDT analysis of mp{sup 5}nd J = 3 autoionizing resonances in Ar, Kr and Xe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baig, M A [Atomic and Molecular Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad (Pakistan); Hanif, M [College of E and ME, National University of Sciences and Technology, Peshawar Road, Rawalpindi 46000 (Pakistan); Aslam, M [Atomic and Molecular Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad (Pakistan); Bhatti, S A [NILOP, PO Box Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan)

    2006-10-28

    We report new measurements of the spectra of argon, krypton and xenon in the autoionization region using a two-step resonant laser excitation and optogalvanic detection technique. By selecting (m)p{sup 5}(m + 1)p'[3/2]{sub 2} as an intermediate state (m = 4, 5 and 6 for Ar, Kr and Xe, respectively), we have been able to single out the (m)p{sup 5}nd[5/2]{sub 3} autoionizing resonances in their spectra. The MQDT parameters have been derived from the analysis of the series perturbations among the (m)p{sup 5}nd[5/2]{sub 3} (m)p{sup 5}nd[7/2]{sub 3} and (m)p{sup 5}nd'[5/2]{sub 3} series in the discrete region using the phase shifted formulation of the three-channel quantum defect theory and from the line profile analysis of the autoionizing resonances above the first ionization threshold. The predicted reduced widths for the autoionizing resonances based on the series perturbation analysis show good agreement with those of the experimentally observed profiles. Accurate values of the resonance energies, quantum defects and reduced widths are reported.

  18. States of ? D{sup *} anti D{sup *} with J = 3 within the fixed center approximation to the Faddeev equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bayar, M. [Kocaeli University, Department of Physics, Izmit (Turkey); Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain); Ren, Xiu-Lei [Beihang University, School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering and International Research Center for Nuclei and Particles in the Cosmos, Beijing (China); Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain); Oset, E. [Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain)

    2015-05-15

    We study the interaction of ?, D* and anti D* with spins aligned using the fixed center approximation to the Faddeev equations. We select a cluster of D{sup *} anti D{sup *}, which is found to be bound in I = 0 and can be associated to the X(3915), and let the ? meson orbit around the D* and anti D*. In this case we find an I = 1 state with mass around 4340 MeV and narrow width of about 50 MeV. We also investigate the case with a cluster of ?D* and let the anti D* orbit around the system of the two states. The ?D* cluster is also found to bind and leads to the D{sub 2}{sup *} state. The addition of the extra anti D* produces further binding and we find, with admitted uncertainties, a state of I = 0 around 4000 MeV, and a less bound narrow state with I = 1 around 4200 MeV. (orig.)

  19. 76 FR 5292 - Alternatives to Use of Credit Ratings in Regulations Governing the Federal National Mortgage...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-31

    ...2495 Service located at 405 West Second Street in Dixon, Illinois, as the ``President Ronald W. Reagan Post Office...Spokane International Airport in Spokane, Washington, as the ``Ray Daves Airport Traffic Control Tower''....

  20. Wa re o Bona e Hlotša, wa e Nametša Thaba! Bibele, Basadi ba Maafrika ba Afrika-Borwa le HIV le AIDS

    OpenAIRE

    Madipoane Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele)

    2010-01-01

    The question of the history of the reception of the Christian Bible in South Africa particularly by African- South Africans has not been a smooth ride. It was part of a bigger package that included among others, the importation of European patriarchy onto African soil, the land grabbing exercise which resulted in among others, the impoverishment of African peoples and, the emasculation of the African man. The latter in turn led to the intensification of patriarchy within the average African f...

  1. 75 FR 60352 - Proposed Modification of the Seattle, WA, Class B Airspace Area; Public Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-30

    ... CONTACT: To obtain details including a graphic depiction regarding this proposal, please contact Everett... to deliver comments or make a presentation, although a time limit may be imposed. Only comments... to attend and participate. (c) Any person wishing to make a presentation to the FAA panel will...

  2. DCS Terrain Submission for City of Washougal PAL, Clark County WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix M: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  3. WAED-HP-103, Health Physics Manual, Revision XII, March 1981. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The project scope of work included the complete decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) of the Westinghouse ARD Fuel Laboratories at the Cheswick Site in the shortest possible time. This has been accomplished in the following four phases: (1) preparation of documents and necessary paperwork; packaging and shipping of all special nuclear materials in an acceptable form to a reprocessing agency; (2) decontamination of all facilities, glove boxes and equipment; loading of generated waste into bins, barrels and strong wooden boxes; (3) shipping of all bins, barrels and boxes containing waste to the designated burial site; removal of all utility services from the laboratories; (4) final survey of remaining facilities and certification for nonrestricted use; preparation of final report. This attachment describes the responsibilities, standards, practices and procedures for radiaton protection and safety in the facilities of the Westinghouse Electric Corporation at Cheswick, Pennsylvania. In addition to the application of these standards and procedures, there is continual surveillance of the operations, equipment, and personnel to detect and correct any conditions which might create a health or accident hazard

  4. IEEE 1988 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Seattle, WA, Aug. 2-4, 1988, Record

    Science.gov (United States)

    Various papers on electromagnetic compatibility are presented. Some of the optics considered include: field-to-wire coupling 1 to 18 GHz, SHF/EHF field-to-wire coupling model, numerical method for the analysis of coupling to thin wire structures, spread-spectrum system with an adaptive array for combating interference, technique to select the optimum modulation indices for suppression of undesired signals for simultaneous range and data operations, development of a MHz RF leak detector technique for aircraft harness surveillance, and performance of standard aperture shielding techniques at microwave frequncies. Also discussed are: spectrum efficiency of spread-spectrum systems, control of power supply ripple produced sidebands in microwave transistor amplifiers, an intership SATCOM versus radar electromagnetic interference prediction model, considerations in the design of a broadband E-field sensing system, unique bonding methods for spacecraft, and review of EMC practice for launch vehicle systems.

  5. DCS Terrain Submission for White River-Pierce County, WA PMR

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix M: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  6. Moving a module of the calorimeter for the WA18 experiment

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    The first of thirteen modules of a marble plate calorimeter en route for the installation in the SPS neutrino beam for an investigation of neutral currents. The experiment was set-up by the CHARM Collaboration (CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome-Moscow)

  7. 77 FR 57019 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-17

    ...: BNSF Railway has requested that the draw of the BNSF Railway Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship... period is from 7 a.m. November 7, 2012 through 5 p.m. November 18, 2012. This deviation allows the draw... Engineering Hiram M. Chittenden lock immediately upstream or inland of the bridge on the Lake Washington...

  8. 2006 Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) Topographic LiDAR: Lewis County, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Watershed Sciences, Inc. collected Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data of Western Lewis County for the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium. This data set covers...

  9. Dense Medium Plasma Water Purification Reactor (DMP WaPR) Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Dense Medium Plasma Water Purification Reactor offers significant improvements over existing water purification technologies used in Advanced Life Support...

  10. 77 FR 60081 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ... INFORMATION: Table of Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed... public dockets in the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). 4. Public Meeting We..., Cap Sante Tug and Barge General Anchorage, and Hat Island Tug and Barge General Anchorage....

  11. 78 FR 9811 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-12

    ... renames 33 CFR 110.230. Table of Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) on October 2, 2012, in the Federal Register (77 FR 60081). The Coast Guard... area with a radius of 600 yards, having its center at 48 31'09'' N, 122 34'55'' W. (11) Cap Sante...

  12. 77 FR 16852 - Notice of Reclassification of Five Regional Offices to Investigative Field Offices: Seattle, WA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    ...while improving the overall management structure; 3. Redeploy resources to prevent and...telephone 202-708-0390 (this is not a toll free number). A telecommunication device...Federal Relay Services). (This is a toll free number). SUPPLEMENTARY...

  13. DIRASAH AL-USLUB WA AL-USLUBIYAH FI NAQD AL-ARABY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habibullah Ali Ibrahim Ali

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we addressed method and style in Arabic criticism. By the efforts of Arab critics of old and new issue, the subjects of study were as follows: First, the stylistic origins. It means a stylistic in linguistic and rhetoric and literary criticism and other related; Second, analysis of stylistic levels where we focus on stylistic study premises for literary texts; Third, a study of the method in the old Arab criticism, in this part of the study, we noted some efforts by Arab critics about stylistic and their relevance studies in this stylistic aspect; Fourth, the stylistic of contemporary Arab criticism. This aspect of the survey stood at some critics of contemporary Arab studies in Stylistics, as stated what distinguishes each study than other studies. It is included as an appendix in whale most important results achieved in this study.

  14. 78 FR 19297 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  15. 78 FR 25471 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  16. 78 FR 22286 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-15

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. If no additional...

  17. 78 FR 5200 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  18. 78 FR 5198 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to...

  19. 78 FR 11673 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in..., Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the...

  20. 78 FR 19298 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated...

  1. 77 FR 51563 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains...

  2. 78 FR 5201 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated...

  3. 77 FR 37600 - Safety Zone; Arctic Drilling and Support Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-22

    ... Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A. Regulatory History and Information The... Finland within the past six months, the Coast Guard finds it necessary to establish this temporary safety zone in order to allow for safe and lawful on-water protests without endangering the lives or safety...

  4. 77 FR 69576 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Thea Foss Waterway Previously Known as City Waterway, Tacoma, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-20

    ...during morning and afternoon rush hours. This proposed rule will...during the morning and afternoon rush hour and it will add an additional...during the morning and afternoon rush hours. The third proposed amendment...numerous statutes and executive orders related to rulemaking....

  5. 77 FR 27021 - Foreign-Trade Zone 129-Bellingham, WA; Application for Reorganization Under Alternative Site...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-08

    ... Board on September 4, 1986 (Board Order 335, 51 FR 32238, 09/10/1986) and expanded on November 16, 1992 (Board Order 608, 57 FR 56902, 12/01/1992). The current zone project includes the following sites: Site 1... September 4, 1986 (51 FR 32238, 09/10/1986) and expanded on January 11, 1993 (Board Order 627, 58 FR...

  6. Interacting Coastal Based Ecosystem Services: Recreation and Water Quality in Puget Sound, WA

    OpenAIRE

    Kreitler, Jason; Papenfus, Michael; Byrd, Kristin; Labiosa, William

    2013-01-01

    Coastal recreation and water quality are major contributors to human well-being in coastal regions. They can also interact, creating opportunities for ecosystem based management, ecological restoration, and water quality improvement that can positively affect people and the environment. Yet the effect of environmental quality on human behavior is often poorly quantified, but commonly assumed in coastal ecosystem service studies. To clarify this effect we investigate a water quality dataset fo...

  7. 77 FR 61782 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-11

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission... Recreation Commission, at Fort Columbia State Park. No known individuals were identified. No associated... them to the Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, at Fort Columbia State Park. No...

  8. GIS Based Mapping and Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste Collection System in Wa, Ghana

    OpenAIRE

    Hamidu Abdulai; Rafaat Hussein; Eddie Bevilacqua; Mark Storrings

    2015-01-01

    Collection of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is important in every waste management program. Communal container collection systems appear most prevalent in many developing countries. However, this collection system is associated with problems such as overflow of waste containers, ground dumping at collection sites, and open/indiscriminate dumping at unauthorized places. The spatial distribution of these activities present potential contamination challenges to water resources. S...

  9. Decontamination and decommissioning assessment for the Waste Incineration Facility (Building 232-Z) Hanford Site, [Hanford], WA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Building 232-Z is an element of the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. From 1961 until 1972, plutonium-bearing combustible materials were incinerated in the building. Between 1972 and 1983, following shutdown of the incinerator, the facility was used for waste segregation activities. The facility was placed in retired inactive status in 1984 and classified as a Limited Control Facility pursuant to DOE Order 5480.5, Safety of Nuclear Facilities, and 6430.1A, General Design Criteria. The current plutonium inventory within the building is estimated to be approximately 848 grams, the majority of which is retained within the process hood ventilation system. As a contaminated retired facility, Building 232-Z is included in the DOE Surplus Facility Management Program. The objective of this Decontamination and Decommissioning (D ampersand D) assessment is to remove Building 232-Z, thereby elmininating the radiological and environmental hazards associated with the plutonium inventory within the structure. The steps to accomplish the plan objectives are: (1) identifying the locations of the most significant amounts of plutonium, (2) removing residual plutonium, (3) removing and decontaminating remaining building equipment, (4) dismantling the remaining structure, and (5) closing out the project

  10. 76 FR 60587 - Environmental Impact Statement; North Corridor Transit Project, Seattle (WA) Metropolitan Area...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ...which limits transportation options. This dense urban area comprises...and the other urban centers in...multimodal transportation system; 3...any committed transportation improvements...system and network...

  11. Residential property values are associated with obesity among women in King County, WA, USA

    OpenAIRE

    Colin D. Rehm; Moudon, Anne V.; Hurvitz, Philip M.; Drewnowski, Adam

    2012-01-01

    Studies of social determinants of weight and health in the US have typically relied on self-reported education and incomes as the two primary measures of socioeconomic status (SES). The assessed value of one’s home, an important component of wealth, may be a better measure of the underlying SES construct and a better predictor of obesity. The Seattle Obesity Study (SOS), conducted in 2008-9, was a cross-sectional random digit dial telephone survey of 2001 adults in King County, Washington Sta...

  12. 76 FR 17471 - Air Tour Management Plan Environmental Assessment for Mount Rainier National Park, WA; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    ...Public Comment System at: http://parkplanning.nps.gov/MORA_ATMP or sent to the mailing addresses listed in the ``FOR...Public Comment Web site, http://parkplanning.nps.gov/MORA_ATMP. Longmire Museum, Mount Rainier National Park...

  13. 75 FR 72781 - Buckhorn Exploration Project 2010, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-26

    ... (509) 536-1218, or Fred Greef, SEPA Coordinator, Washington State Department of Natural Resources, P.O... state agency (under SEPA). Responsible Officials The Forest Supervisor for the Okanogan-Wenatchee..., Geology & Earth Resources Division Manager is the SEPA responsible official for EIS...

  14. 76 FR 60587 - Environmental Impact Statement; North Corridor Transit Project, Seattle (WA) Metropolitan Area...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA). This Notice of Intent initiates scoping for the EIS, invites...) Report and SEPA Addendum(available at http://www.soundtransit.org/NCTP ) responds to Federal regulations... serves as an addendum under the Washington State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) to Sound...

  15. 78 FR 50094 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Maxey Museum, Walla Walla, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ...Warm Springs, and Nez Perce reservations. These actions resulted in the splintering of family groups and the subsequent intermarriage of individual families from these reservations which further strengthened existing cultural affiliation between the...

  16. Time and Space in W.A. Mozart's Ave Verum Corpus (1791)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    A discussion and interpretation of Mozart's famous motet contextualised through historical considerations of music, theology and aesthetics inspired by K.E. Løgstrup's notion of the fictive space of a melody.......A discussion and interpretation of Mozart's famous motet contextualised through historical considerations of music, theology and aesthetics inspired by K.E. Løgstrup's notion of the fictive space of a melody....

  17. GigaWaM—Next-Generation WDM-PON Enabling Gigabit Per-User Data Bandwidth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prince, Kamau; Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood; Rodes Lopez, Roberto; Hviid, Erling; Mikkelsen, Christian Ingemann; Neumeyr, Christian; Ortsiefer, Markus; Rönneberg, Enno; Rosskopf, Jürgen; Öhlén, Peter; de Betou, Einar In; Stoltz, Björn; Goobar, Edgard; Olsson, Jörgen; Fletcher, Richard; Abbott, Chris; Rask, Michael; Plappert, Nora; Vollrath, Gunther; Tafur Monroy, Idelfonso

    2012-01-01

    -PON) architecture with a 1:64 user split per PON segment. Enabling technologies being developed within the scope of the project include tunable transceivers and athermal 50-GHz array waveguide grating multiplexer devices. The future-proof WDM architecture will enable convergence triple-play (telephony, TV, and...

  18. Geomorphic Response to Significant Sediment Loading Along Tahoma Creek on Mount Rainier, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, S.; Kennard, P.; Pitlick, J.

    2012-12-01

    Increased sediment loading in streams draining the flanks of Mt. Rainier has caused significant damage to National Park Service infrastructure and has prompted concern in downstream communities. The processes driving sedimentation and the controls on downstream response are explored in the 37 km2 Tahoma Creek basin, using repeat LiDAR surveys supplemented with additional topographic datasets. DEM differencing between 2003 and 2008 LiDAR datasets shows that over 2.2 million cubic meters of material was evacuated from the upper reaches of the basin, predominately in the form of debris flows. These debris flows were sourced in recently exposed lateral moraines, bulking through the broad collapse of unstable hillslopes. 40% of this material was deposited in the historic debris fan 4-6 km downstream of the terminus, while 55% completely exited the system at the downstream point of the surveys. Distinct zones of aggradation and incision of up to one meter are present along the lower channel and appear to be controlled by valley constrictions and inflections. However, the lower channel has shown remarkable long-term stability in the face of significant sediment loads. Alder ages suggest fluvial high stands in the late 70's and early 90's, immediately following periods of significant debris flow activity, yet the river quickly returned to pre-disturbance elevations. On longer time scales, the presence of old-growth forest on adjacent floodplain/terrace surfaces indicates broad stability on both vertical and horizontal planes. More than a passive indicator, these forested surfaces play a significant role in maintaining channel stability through increased overbank roughness and the formation of bank-armoring log jams. Sediment transport mechanics along this lower reach are explored using the TomSED sediment transport model, driven by data from an extensive sediment sampling and stream gaging effort. In its current state, the model is able to replicate the stability of the channel but significantly under predicts total loads when compared to the LiDAR differencing.

  19. 78 FR 38829 - Special Local Regulations; Seattle Seafair Hydroplane Race, Lake Washington, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-28

    ...periods this regulation is in effect. The Patrol Commander may be...hours this regulation is in effect. Vessels in the vicinity of Zone I shall maneuver and anchor as directed by Coast Guard Officers...in which the regulation is in effect, the following rules...

  20. Isotopic Studies of Contaminant Transport at the Hanford Site,WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christensen, J.N.; Conrad, M.E.; DePaolo, D.J.; Dresel, P.E.

    2006-11-01

    Processes of fluid flow and chemical transport through thevadose zone can be characterized through the isotopic systematics ofnatural soils, minerals, pore fluids and groundwater. In thiscontribution, we first review our research using measured isotopicvariations, due both to natural and site related processes, of theelements H, O, N, Sr and U, to study the interconnection between vadosezone and groundwater contamination at the Hanford Site in south-centralWashington. We follow this brief review with a presentation of new datapertaining to vadose zone and groundwater contamination in the WMAT-TX-TY vicinity. Uranium (U) isotopic data for the C3832 core (WMA TX)indicates the involvement of processed natural U fuel, and links theobserved U contamination to the nearby single shelled tank TX-104. Thedata also precludes contamination from an early 1970 s TX-107 leak. Inthe case of the C4104 core (WMA T), the U isotopic data indicates amixture of processed natural and enriched U fuels consistent with themajor leak from T-106 in 1973. Uranium and Strontium isotopic data forthe cores also provides direct evidence for chemical interaction betweenhigh-pH waste fluid and sediment. Isotopic data for groundwater nitratecontamination in the vicinity of WMA-T strongly suggests high-level tankwaste (most likely from T-106) as the source of very high 99Tcconcentrations recently observed at the NE corner of WMAT.

  1. 77 FR 71011 - Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-28

    ...and habitat management; wildlife-dependent public use; non-wildlife-dependent public use...continue to be cultivated for oil spill response and to address water...conducted for habitats or wildlife. Research would...

  2. Recent results on Pb-Pb collisions from WA98 experiment at CERN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this report we present very preliminary first results from the collision of 158 GeV/nucleon Pb+Pb. Data on transverse energy production, charged particle and photon multiplicities, mT spectra of pions, two particle correlation functions, and neutral mesons are presented and discussed. (orig.)

  3. 78 FR 41689 - Safety Zone; Skagit River Bridge, Skagit River, Mount Vernon, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-11

    ...an emergency bridge collapse. Delayed promulgation...hazards created by the collapse of the bridge, including...3), for the same reasons previously mentioned...assessment of the bridge collapse, it was determined...not have a significant economic impact on a...

  4. DOE ZERH Case Study: TC Legend Homes, Bellingham Power House, Bellingham, WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom home in the marine climate that got HERS 34 without PV or HERS -12 with PV, with 6” SIP walls and 10” SIP roof; R-28 ICF around slab, R-20 rigid foam under slab; radiant floor heat and passive design; air-to-water heat pump COP 4.4; HRV; earth tube ventilation; triple-pane windows, 100% LED.

  5. Wilayat al-Faqih Baina al-Fiqhiyyah wa al-Kalamiyyah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Khalid Muslih

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The early fourteenth century of Hijra is a new transitional phase for the historical development of Syiah Imamiyah. This can be traced by their success in establishing an Islamic state using 12 Imam Ideology which is based on “Welayat al-Faqih” system. This system is the antithesis of the theory of al-ghaibah al- kubra, which until now has been running more than 1000 years and has forbidden Shiite followers to perform various social, political and religious activities until reappearance of Imam Mahdi. As a result, many teachings of the religion cannot be applied. If this condition  continues, the Islamic teachings will be destructed in the future, so that the bearer of this idea see the necessity for the fuqaha ‘(scholars’ of Shiite who have reached the degree of “Mujtahid” to take over the role of Imam Mahdi in establishing and leading the Islamic State, thus, a guardian Jurist in a country which is built up under the system of welayat faqih, holds a supreme power, who covers the whole territory granted to the Prophet and the Imams. In spite of  saying that welayat fakih included in the category of Islamic jurisprudence, the Shiite Jurists argue that it has a dimensions of kalam, as it also discusses the problem of  “af ’âlullâh”. Eventually, the form of  the State born cannot be avoided from the format of  “Theocracy”. historical development of Syiah Imamiyah. This can be traced by their success  in establishing an Islamic state using 12 Imam Ideology which is based on  "Welayat al-Faqih" system. This system is the antithesis of the theory of  al- ghaibah al-kubra, which until now has been running more than 1000 years and  has forbidden Shiite followers to perform various social, political and religious  activities until reappearance of Imam Mahdi. As a result, many teachings of  the religion  cannot be applied. If this condition  continues, the Islamic teachings will be destructed in the future, so that the bearer of this idea see the necessity for the fuqaha '(scholars' of Shiite who have reached the degree of "Mujtahid" to take over the role of Imam Mahdi in establishing and leading the Islamic State, thus, a guardian Jurist in a country which is built up under the system of  welayat faqih, holds a supreme power, who covers the whole territory granted to the Prophet and the Imams. In spite of saying that welayat fakih included in the category of Islamic jurisprudence, the Shiite Jurists argue that it has a dimensions of kalam, as it also discusses the problem of "af'âlullâh". Eventually, the form of the State born cannot be avoided from the format of "Theocracy".  

  6. Capping widespread creosote contamination in Eagle Harbor, WA: Problems, process, and prognosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hale, E.; Duncan, P.B. [Environmental Protection Agency, Seattle, WA (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Eagle Harbor`s marine sediments are contaminated with creosote from a former wood-treatment facility and with mercury from a former shipyard. Under the Superfund remedial investigation process, areas requiring remediation were defined based on comparison to state of Washington sediment management standards for sediment chemistry and biological effects (bioassays for oyster larvae, amphipod). From a variety of cleanup alternatives, capping was selected for a heavily contaminated subtidal area as the most cost-effective way to provide clean benthic habitat, isolate the contamination, and prevent further contaminant migration. Sandy material for the cap was dredged the Snohomish River as part of a routine federal navigation project and, over a six-month period, was placed in Eagle Harbor using two methods. Within ferry navigation lanes, a split hull barge was opened slowly while under tow. In areas with softer bottom sediments, cap material was hosed off a flat-top barge. GPS and real-time mapping of tracklines allowed for even coverage. Monitoring during and after the construction included analysis of suspended sediments (sediment traps on cap periphery), measurements of cap thickness (bathymetry, subbottom profiling, sediment vertical profile photography, settlement plates), and diver observations of nearby eelgrass beds. Final measurements show that the 21.4 hectare cap ranges from 30 to 270 cm thick, but is at least 60 cm thick in more than 60% of the area. Although PAHs were measured in the sediment traps during capping, significant levels have not been found since. Videos indicate the rapid return of epibiota, and the eelgrass surveys indicated no capping impacts on shoot density. Periodic monitoring of the cap is planned, as well as capping of remaining contaminated subtidal areas.

  7. 76 FR 47996 - Security Zone; 2011 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-08

    ...On July 11, 2011 the Coast Guard published a temporary final rule in the Federal Register (76 FR 40617), establishing temporary security zones around visiting foreign and domestic military vessels that are participating the 2011 Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week. This document corrects the list of visiting military vessels for which the rule will establish security...

  8. 77 FR 5747 - Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ..., 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public... participating vessel means a military vessel participating in the Seattle Seafair Fleet Week that has been... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week...

  9. port_townsend_wa_1-3_arc-second_mhw.new.grd

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NGDC builds and distributes high-resolution, coastal digital elevation models (DEMs) that integrate ocean bathymetry and land topography to support NOAA's mission...

  10. 76 FR 72839 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; City Waterway Also Known as Thea Foss Waterway, Tacoma, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-28

    ...Drawbridge Operation Regulation; City Waterway Also Known as Thea...Murray Morgan'') Bridge across City Waterway also known as the Thea...roadway surface and the underlying steel stringer substructure as part...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The City of Tacoma has requested to...

  11. Mechanism of Al-Wa’Ad (Promise): Teory and Application in Islamic Banking in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Nor Adila bt. Mohd Noor; Mohd Ashraf b. Aripin

    2010-01-01

    Contract according to Syariah Law can be defined as being “an expression of the matching between a positive proposal made by one of the contractors and the acceptance of the other contractor in a way which has an impact on the subject of the contract” . There are standard requirements provides by the law in order to constitute a valid binding contract namely offer, acceptance, consideration, and intention to create legal relation. This requirement is more or less the same ...

  12. Hundimiento de las aguas al sur de Cuba / Downwelling wa ters in the south of Cuba

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Benigno, Hernández; Roberto, Piñeiro.

    Full Text Available Se realizan 23 estaciones oceanográficas a bordo del Buque de Investigaciones Científicas BIC "Ulises" en marzo de 1994 y abril de 1996 en el polígono de estudio situado en los 21°00'-21°30'N y 81°50'-83°00'W al sureste de la Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, con el objetivo de estudiar algunas de las rela [...] ciones hidrofísicas que controlan la dinámica de las larvas de langosta espinosa Panulirus argus en la interfase del talud con el océano. Se analizan el viento, transporte Ekman, turbulencia, profundidad de inicio de la termoclina, temperatura superficial del mar y estabilidad vertical en el hundimiento de las aguas cercanas al talud en los dos cruceros de primavera. El índice de transporte (IT) mostró un movimiento neto hacia la costa, provocando un hundimiento en la zona cercana al talud. El hundimiento produce un efecto de mezcla o falso afloramiento llamado "efecto cascada" que mantiene los nutrientes resuspendidos por un período que varía según la intensidad del viento y las corrientes imperantes en la zona. Este efecto, al parecer, es responsable de la retención larvaria en esta región Abstract in english Take account 23 oceanographic stations on Oceanographic Research Vessel BIC "Ulises" in March 1994 and April 1996 in the study polygon located in the 21°00'-21°30'N and 81°50'-83°00'W in southwest of Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, with the main objective to study hydrophysical relationships that control [...] the dynamics of the Panulirus argus spiny lobster larvae in the boundary shelf. Importance of the wind, Ekman transport, turbulence, depth of the top of the thermocline, sea surface temperature, vertical stability in the convergence or downwelling nearshore waters in this important area of spawns, was demonstrated. Transport Index (IT) showed a net movement toward the coast causing nearshore downwelling. The downwelling produces a mixture effect or false upwelling called also "cascade effect" that maintains nutrients suspended for one period that varies according to the wind intensity and the prevailing currents in the area. This effect apparently, is responsible for the larvae retention in this region

  13. 76 FR 35363 - Proposed Amendment to Class B Airspace; Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-17

    ...International Airport (SEA). This...of Airspace Services, Federal Aviation...those comments a self-addressed...the Western Service Center, Federal...and ``airport radar service...all Commercial Service Airports with...

  14. TIGER/Line Shapefile, 2013, county, Clallam County, WA, Current Address Ranges Relationship File

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  15. Active Faulting Along the Saddle Mountain fault zone, Southeast Olympic Mountains,WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, E. A.; Sherrod, B. L.; Kelsey, H. M.; Czajkowski, J. L.; Walsh, T. J.; Contreras, T. A.; Davis-Staunton, K.; Schermer, E. R.; Carson, R. J.

    2009-12-01

    Excavations across two strands of the Saddle Mountain fault zone show that a minimum of two Holocene earthquakes deformed glacial and post-glacial deposits and underlying bedrock along the southeast flank of the Olympic Mountains. Strands of the fault zone are clearly visible on LiDAR topography as multiple, prominent, northeast-trending scarps that extend at least 6-7 km between Hood Canal and Lake Cushman. We excavated two trenches to determine style and ages of faulting, one along Saddle Mountain East fault (SMEF) on Saddle Mountain, and the other along a newly-identified, sub-parallel fault strand located about 1km to the SE of SMEF on Dow Mountain. A trench excavated across the NW-facing SMEF scarp exposed Eocene Crescent basalt unconformably overlain by late Quaternary glacial deposits, a Holocene buried soil, and a Holocene colluvial wedge. A steeply dipping, NE-trending fault cuts and vertically separates by 3m the basalt and overlying glacial deposits and soil. The colluvium deposited over the soil also appears to be cut and deformed by the fault, suggesting a younger event. Although the main component of faulting that generated the scarp appears to be of NW-verging reverse sense, structural evidence from striations on the fault surface point to lateral motion in the final event. Rake measurements of striations etched on the clay-lined fault surface consistently plunge gently SW, implying left-lateral motion. Owing to a lack of evidence for strike-slip in the geomorphology, and given the height of the scarp and the shallow plunge of the striations, we infer that two earthquakes produced the observations: earlier reverse or oblique faulting generated the bedrock vertical separation and scarp relief, and subsequent oblique motion in a smaller event cut the colluvium and left the striations on the fault surface. Stratigraphy of the Dow Mountain fault strand also records evidence for at least two earthquakes, possibly as many as four. The trench across the SE-facing scarp exposes a steeply NW-dipping fault with 3m vertical offset of Crescent basalt and the overlying late Quaternary glacial deposits, similar to the SMEF trench. A thick colluvium package rests on the glacial deposits and contains as many as three colluvial wedges, separated by thin soils. The entire colluvium-soil package is cut by the fault, suggesting 4 events. However, internal stratigraphy of the package is somewhat ambiguous. Two of the colluvial wedges instead might be a single deposit due to uncertainty in interpreting the intervening soil, so the actual number of earthquakes might be fewer. Like the SMEF trench, striations on the fault plane suggest left-lateral strike-slip in the last event. Yet, also like the SMEF trench, reverse motion on the fault likely was the dominant contributor to vertical offset and scarp formation.

  16. Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YCL020W, YDR261W-A [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available YCL020W - Retrotransposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol; translated as TYA or TYA-TYB ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ... psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R ...

  17. Hundimiento de las aguas al sur de Cuba Downwelling wa ters in the south of Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benigno Hernández

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizan 23 estaciones oceanográficas a bordo del Buque de Investigaciones Científicas BIC "Ulises" en marzo de 1994 y abril de 1996 en el polígono de estudio situado en los 21°00'-21°30'N y 81°50'-83°00'W al sureste de la Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, con el objetivo de estudiar algunas de las relaciones hidrofísicas que controlan la dinámica de las larvas de langosta espinosa Panulirus argus en la interfase del talud con el océano. Se analizan el viento, transporte Ekman, turbulencia, profundidad de inicio de la termoclina, temperatura superficial del mar y estabilidad vertical en el hundimiento de las aguas cercanas al talud en los dos cruceros de primavera. El índice de transporte (IT mostró un movimiento neto hacia la costa, provocando un hundimiento en la zona cercana al talud. El hundimiento produce un efecto de mezcla o falso afloramiento llamado "efecto cascada" que mantiene los nutrientes resuspendidos por un período que varía según la intensidad del viento y las corrientes imperantes en la zona. Este efecto, al parecer, es responsable de la retención larvaria en esta regiónTake account 23 oceanographic stations on Oceanographic Research Vessel BIC "Ulises" in March 1994 and April 1996 in the study polygon located in the 21°00'-21°30'N and 81°50'-83°00'W in southwest of Isla de la Juventud, Cuba, with the main objective to study hydrophysical relationships that control the dynamics of the Panulirus argus spiny lobster larvae in the boundary shelf. Importance of the wind, Ekman transport, turbulence, depth of the top of the thermocline, sea surface temperature, vertical stability in the convergence or downwelling nearshore waters in this important area of spawns, was demonstrated. Transport Index (IT showed a net movement toward the coast causing nearshore downwelling. The downwelling produces a mixture effect or false upwelling called also "cascade effect" that maintains nutrients suspended for one period that varies according to the wind intensity and the prevailing currents in the area. This effect apparently, is responsible for the larvae retention in this region

  18. 77 FR 60081 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ...latitude and longitude, which, with the advent of Global Positioning System (GPS), is much more practical and accurate for the...to change at all as a result of this rulemaking. Anchorage logs show that only two vessels have used the anchorage in the...

  19. 76 FR 20707 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ... Bureau of Reclamation Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas... Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) for the Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction... FEIS on the proposed Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and......

  20. Bird Activity Analysis Using Avian Radar Information in Naval Air Station airport, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, J.; Herricks, E.

    2010-12-01

    The number of bird strikes on aircraft has increased sharply over recent years and airport bird hazard management has gained increasing attention in wildlife management and control. Evaluation of bird activity near airport is very critical to analyze the hazard of bird strikes. Traditional methods for bird activity analysis using visual counting provide a direct approach to bird hazard assessment. However this approach is limited to daylight and good visual conditions. Radar has been proven to be a useful and effective tool for bird detection and movement analysis. Radar eliminates observation bias and supports consistent data collection for bird activity analysis and hazard management. In this study bird activity data from the Naval Air Station Whidbey Island was collected by Accipiter Avian Radar System. Radar data was pre-processed by filtering out non-bird noises, including traffic vehicle, aircraft, insects, wind, rainfall, ocean waves and so on. Filtered data is then statistically analyzed using MATLAB programs. The results indicated bird movement dynamics in target areas near the airport, which includes (1) the daily activity varied at dawn and dusk; (2) bird activity varied by target area due to the habitat difference; and (3) both temporal and spatial movement patterns varied by bird species. This bird activity analysis supports bird hazard evaluation and related analysis and modeling to provide very useful information in airport bird hazard management planning.

  1. 77 FR 13626 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ...Remains In the early to middle 20th century, human remains representing...River in the first half of the 20th century, as well as receiving donated...funerary objects from inadvertent discoveries in the area. Through...

  2. 77 FR 51563 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-24

    ...under the control of the University of Washington, Department...removed from an unknown location in South Carolina...remains was made by the University of Washington, Department...removed from an unknown location in South Carolina...his appointment at the University of Washington in...

  3. 78 FR 19298 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ...Lape, Burke Museum, University of Washington, Box...under the control of the University of Washington, Department...removed from an unknown location, most likely near the...removed from an unknown location along the Snake River...Determinations made by the University of Washington,...

  4. 78 FR 22286 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-15

    ...Peter Lape, Burke Museum, University of Washington, Box 353010...remains under the control of the University of Washington, Department...were removed from an unknown location, possibly from Washington...human remains was made by the University of Washington,...

  5. 78 FR 11673 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ...Peter Lape, Burke Museum, University of Washington, Box 353010...objects under the control of the University of Washington, Department...were removed from an unknown location, most likely in the state...made by the Burke Museum and University of Washington...

  6. 78 FR 5200 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ...Lape, Burke Museum, University of Washington, Box...the possession of the University of Washington, Department...were removed from a location near the Skagit River...were removed from a location near the north fork...Determinations Made by the University of Washington,...

  7. Sediment Transport Modeling Along the Gravel-Sand Transition Zone of the Snohomish River, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeVries, P.; Huang, C.; Aldrich, R.

    2014-12-01

    Long term sediment trapping efficiency was modeled for 1000-2000 ft long analysis segments of the tidally influenced, diked Snohomish River, upstream, along, and downstream of the ~3.5 mile long gravel-sand transition zone. A depth-averaged 2-dimensional hydrodynamic model was calibrated to a recent flood with a ~25 year recurrence interval, and the output used to extract parameters used to estimate shear stress over a range of high flows. Shear stress was estimated using (i) a roughness relation and (ii) the uniform flow approximation. Riverbed grain size distributions were estimated using pebble counts upstream, and Ponar grab samples within and downstream of the transition zone. Four different gravel and sand transport equations (Engelund-Hansen, Ackers-White, Wilcock-Crowe, and Yang) were applied to estimate transport rates at each flow level analyzed. The resulting rates were integrated over a 50 year period to compute total load entering and exiting each analysis segment to evaluate long term trends in bed elevation profiles. Results were sensitive to the choice of shear stress and bedload transport estimator with most method-dependent variation in trends apparent for segments within the transition zone.

  8. Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YCL019W, YDR261W-A [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available YCL019W - Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol ... genes; transcribed/translated as one unit; pol ypro ... trotransposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol ; translated as TYA or TYA-TYB pol yprotein; Gag is ... - Bait description Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol ... genes; transcribed/translated as one unit; pol ypro ... trotransposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol ; translated as TYA or TYA-TYB pol yprotein; Gag is ...

  9. H12219: NOS Hydrographic Survey , OCNMS, WA, 2010-06-22

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  10. NOAA Office for Coastal Management Coastal Inundation Digital Elevation Model: Seattle (WA) WFO - Grays Harbor County

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This digital elevation model (DEM) is a part of a series of DEMs produced for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Office for Coastal Management's...

  11. 77 FR 23507 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-19

    ...of Anthropology at Washington State University. The human remains were removed from...of Anthropology at Washington State University professional staff in consultation...by former WSU Anthropology graduate students Kent Harkins and Christopher Brown...of Anthropology at Washington State University Officials of the Museum of...

  12. GigaWaM—Next-Generation WDM-PON Enabling Gigabit Per-User Data Bandwidth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prince, Kamau; Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood

    2012-01-01

    The “Gigabit access passive optical network using wavelength division multiplexing” project aims to implement 64-Gb/s data transmission over 20-km single-mode fiber. Per-user symmetric data rates of 1-Gb/s will be achieved using wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) architecture with a 1:64 user split per PON segment. Enabling technologies being developed within the scope of the project include tunable transceivers and athermal 50-GHz array waveguide grating multiplexer devices. The future-proof WDM architecture will enable convergence triple-play (telephony, TV, and broadband internet) service over existing optical infrastructure, and also facilitate cost-effective dense wavelength division multiplexing for metro aggregation and mobile backhaul networks.

  13. GigaWaM—Next-Generation WDM-PON Enabling Gigabit Per-User Data Bandwidth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prince, Kamau; Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood; Rodes Lopez, Roberto; Hviid, Erling; Mikkelsen, Christian Ingemann; Neumeyr, Christian; Ortsiefer, Markus; Rönneberg, Enno; Rosskopf, Jürgen; Öhlén, Peter; de Betou, Einar In; Stoltz, Björn; Goobar, Edgard; Olsson, Jörgen; Fletcher, Richard; Abbott, Chris; Rask, Michael; Plappert, Nora; Vollrath, Gunther; Tafur Monroy, Idelfonso

    2012-01-01

    The “Gigabit access passive optical network using wavelength division multiplexing” project aims to implement 64-Gb/s data transmission over 20-km single-mode fiber. Per-user symmetric data rates of 1-Gb/s will be achieved using wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) architecture with a 1:64 user split per PON segment. Enabling technologies being developed within the scope of the project include tunable transceivers and athermal 50-GHz array waveguide grating multiple...

  14. 76 FR 61378 - Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ...and wildlife management, conservation, legal mandates, and our...wildlife, plant, and habitat conservation, while providing for wildlife-dependent...mudflats, coastal lagoon, salt marsh, natural and constructed...compatible with the refuge's conservation purposes? How can we...

  15. 76 FR 50247 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ...of the final comprehensive conservation plan and environmental impact...migratory birds, and for conservation purposes. The Refuge encompasses...and wildlife management, conservation, legal mandates, and our...intertidal flats, and salt marsh habitat by 621 acres....

  16. Equilibrium electrode potentials of tungsten in WA2WO4-WO3 melts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The e.m.f. of the cell W(1-x)Na2WO4+xWO3; 0.80Na2WO4+0.20WO3, O2,3 Pt was measured in the range of x=0.01-0.50 m.p. at the temperatures 1100-1373 K. It is shown that equilibrium electrode potentials of tungsten are determined by activity of ditungstate ions in the melt and are described satisfactorily by the Nernst equation. A new mechanism of electrochemical stage is suggested. Temperature dependence of standard electrode potential of tungsten, correlation equations relating ditungstate ion activity coefficients and their concentration, and certain thermodynamic characteristics of formation of molten sodium ditungstate and its diluted solutions were obtained

  17. DCS Terrain Submission for City of Kelso PAL, Cowlitz County WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix M: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  18. Sensitivity Analysis of Parameters Affecting Protection of Water Resources at Hanford WA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scope of this analysis was to assess the sensitivity of contaminant fluxes from the vadose zone to the water table, to several parameters, some of which can be controlled by operational considerations

  19. Jihad, Da'wa and Hijra: Islamic Missionary Movements in Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Gugler, Thomas K.

    2009-01-01

    Revised version of a lecture held at the conference "Islamic Fundamentalism and Sufism: Continuities and Confrontations through Modernity and Globalization" at the University of Haifa from July 1-4, 2007. The new Islamic presence in Europe, which is the consequence of massive and voluntary settlement of millions of Muslims in Western societies, owes its visibility partly to the Muslim missionary movements from South, which have proven specific strengths in shaping the Islamic-religious fields...

  20. 77 FR 66479 - Public Land Order No. 7805; Extension of Public Land Order No. 6952; WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-05

    ...and Frank Burge Seed Orchards, Washington...Bureau of Land Management, Oregon/Washington...and Frank Burge Seed Orchards in the...Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, 43...and Frank Burge Seed Orchards, is hereby...Secretary--Policy, Management and Budget....

  1. 77 FR 38236 - Special Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival, Carr Inlet, Cutts Island, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ...Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks. This...create an environmental risk to health or risk to safety that might...Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival, Carr Inlet, Cutts...annually during the Underwater Music Festival which typically...

  2. Little anxiety about third oil shock. Dai 3 ji shock no kenen wa chiisai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsuji, N. (The Nihon Keizai Shinbun Inc., Tokyo (Japan))

    1990-10-01

    Several comments were explained pertaining to the future prospect in discussions of worldwide petroleum problems. First, because possibility of occurrence is judged to be small of the third oil shock, war or large change in currency within ten years from now on, it is judged to be appropriate to estimate the economic growth rate to be about 2.5%. From the judgment that the regulated measures against the carbon dioxide for the global environment will finally start to substantially proceed in the late 1990 {prime} s, the oil demand is estimated to be about 2% in increasing ratio. The demand of crude oil in the free world is estimated to be 60 million barrels in 2000, of which the OPEC portion is done to be 30 million barrels with an estimated substantial price of $25 per barrel. What must not be disregarded of the OPEC in future development is a tendency to abolish the present cartel of OPEC at the end of 1990 at the latest. If such an abolition, if made, its influence is to be taken notice of. Japanese petroleum diplomacy must widely proceed over the policy to attach importance only to the purely petroleum-related sectors and Saudi Arabia.

  3. 78 FR 37969 - Safety Zone; South Park Bridge Construction, Lower Duwamish Waterway, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-25

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; South Park Bridge Construction, Lower... Bridge in Seattle, Washington for the re-construction of the bridge. The safety zone is necessary to ensure the safety of the maritime public and workers involved in the bridge construction. The safety...

  4. Nucleus-nucleus collisions at relativistic energies: The CERN WA80 experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    QCD lattice calculations predict that, at sufficiently high energy densities, hadronic matter undergoes a transition to a new phase of matter, the quark-gluon plasma, in which quarks and gluons are deconfined over a relatively large volume. It has been suggested that collisions between heavy nuclei at ultrarelativistic energies may produce the energy densities, estimated to be greater than 2 to 3 GeV/fm3, necessary for this phase transition to occur. An important goal of the first experiments with ultrarelativistic heavy-ion beams at the SPS accelerator at CERN is to investigate the extent to which this suggestion is correct. The primary experimental quantity used for estimating the energy density is the transverse energy, E/sub T/. We present here energies measured at zero degrees, together with transverse energy measurements. Estimates of attained energy densities and preliminary transverse momentum distributions of neutral products are also presented. 24 refs., 7 figs

  5. Scope of fillet weld strength. Suminiku yosetsubu no kyodo wa donoyonishite kimaruka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hashimoto, K.; Tanuma, Y. (Hokkaido Inst. of Technology, Hokkaido (Japan))

    1992-06-05

    Fillet welding is the method to make a seam depositting weld metal on the corner of a base metal without any egde preparation such as grooving. It is widely used because of the merit that no preparation is required. On the other hand it is not applied to the major structural joints because of its insufficient reliability due to many factors of the seams being still uncertain. These factors are considered to affect fillet weld joint strengths and are generally devided into 3 groups depending on their causes: First, the direction and kind of stresses, joint types, shapes and sizes of seams, all ascribed to designing; second, mechanical properties and weldability of base and weld metals ascribed to material; third, the amount of fusion penetration, pass numbers, temperature transitions at roots, toes and both ends of welded seams ascribed to welding work. The effect of each factor on weld strength is explained in this paper togetherwith its countermeasure. 13 refs., 7 tabs.

  6. 2004 Puget Sound Lidar Consortium (PSLC) Topographic Bare-Earth Lidar: Pierce County, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Terrapoint surveyed and created this data for the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium under contract. The project area covers approximately 814 square miles of western...

  7. 76 FR 9051 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-16

    ... Completion published in the Federal Register (75 FR 14463, March 25, 2010). Since the time of publication, an... March 18, 2011. Repatriation of the human remains to the Samish Indian Tribe, Washington, may proceed... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural...

  8. Al-Lughah al-Arabiyah wa Dauruha fi Tatwiri al-Mafhum al-Hadari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dihyatun Masqon

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available It goes without saying that Islam is not only a religion, it is also a creator and living spirit of major world civilization including Malay, with a long history stretching over fifteen centuries based mainly on wahyu as the source of all activities in various dimensions, emotional, spiritual as well as intellectual. This fact is the very reason why human being, as the most perfect creation, become the important topic of the Qur’an to act properly for the sake of reaching and endless happiness in both here and hereafter by keenly observing and understanding the milestones of this civilization through ages. Keeping in view the above reality, an organized steps should be made to enhance the process of learning and teaching of Arabic language of the future, because it is the way to rediscover the values which keep human creativities moving towards right direction for the better future of humanity. Allama Muhammad Iqbal said: “The secret of life and the essence of it is movement. I exist so long as I move, when I cease to move I shall cease to be”.

  9. Decontamination and decommissioning assessment for the Waste Incineration Facility (Building 232-Z) Hanford Site, [Hanford], WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dean, L.N. [Advanced Sciences, Inc., (United States)

    1994-02-01

    Building 232-Z is an element of the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. From 1961 until 1972, plutonium-bearing combustible materials were incinerated in the building. Between 1972 and 1983, following shutdown of the incinerator, the facility was used for waste segregation activities. The facility was placed in retired inactive status in 1984 and classified as a Limited Control Facility pursuant to DOE Order 5480.5, Safety of Nuclear Facilities, and 6430.1A, General Design Criteria. The current plutonium inventory within the building is estimated to be approximately 848 grams, the majority of which is retained within the process hood ventilation system. As a contaminated retired facility, Building 232-Z is included in the DOE Surplus Facility Management Program. The objective of this Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) assessment is to remove Building 232-Z, thereby elmininating the radiological and environmental hazards associated with the plutonium inventory within the structure. The steps to accomplish the plan objectives are: (1) identifying the locations of the most significant amounts of plutonium, (2) removing residual plutonium, (3) removing and decontaminating remaining building equipment, (4) dismantling the remaining structure, and (5) closing out the project.

  10. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Clifton View Homes — Kaltenbach Residence, Clinton, WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2014-09-01

    This home on Whidbey Island won a Custom Builder award in the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards. The DOE Zero Energy Ready Home scores HERS 37 without PV or HERS -13 with 10 kW PV, enough to power the home and an electric car.

  11. 76 FR 73664 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... projectile point, 3 lots of bag residue, 2 lots of plant remains, 3 lots of wood fragments, 1 lot of metal... time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is...

  12. 76 FR 28076 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... FR 41883- 41884, July 19, 2010). After repatriation and reburial, a re-evaluation of inventory... shells, 1 lot of red ochre, 2 bone awls, 1 lot of charcoal, 1 pestle, 2 lots of cedar wood fragments,...

  13. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: TC Legend Homes — Cedarwood, Bellingham, WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2014-09-01

    This house was the Grand Winner in the Affordable Builder category of the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards, and has 6-inch SIP walls, a 10-inch structural insulated panel roof, and insulating concrete forms foundation walls with R-20 high-density rigid EPS foam under the slab.A single ductless heat pump heats and cools the home, which also gets passive solar heating from south-facing triple-pane windows that heat a concrete slab floor plus a connected greenhouse.

  14. 75 FR 72781 - Buckhorn Exploration Project 2010, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-26

    ...that could affect vegetation, tourism, recreation activities, viewpoints...noise, which could impact tourism, recreation activities, aesthetic...Reservation and may impact cultural resources of concern to Tribal...pollution potentially affecting tourism, recreational...

  15. Numerical Simulation of Admiralty Inlet, WA, with Tidal Hydrokinetic Turbine Siting Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thyng, Kristen M.

    Tidal hydrokinetic energy has been recognized as a potential source of sustainable, renewable energy. In order to properly site turbines for commercial-scale development, the complex flow conditions in a potential deployment region must be understood. Viable locations for turbines are limited by many factors, including underwater space that is above the bottom boundary layer, below shipping traffic, within areas of strong currents, and yet avoids additional fatiguing stresses. The primary area of interest in the Puget Sound for commercial tidal energy development is Admiralty Inlet, which includes potentially disruptive flow features such as vortices and strong turbulence. This dissertation seeks to increase the body of knowledge of these features both from an oceanographic perspective and as they pertain to turbine site characterization. The primary means of studying Admiralty Inlet in this document is through numerical simulation of the region using the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). The model output is found to compare well with field data, capturing eddy fields, turbulence properties, relative tidal phases, and illuminating many flow features. Horizontal velocities in the simulation are, on average, approximately 75% the size of those found in the data. This speed deficiency is inherited from the forcing model in which the Admiralty Inlet simulation is nested. The model output also shows that the flow field of this fjord-like estuary is largely affected by a headland on the northeast side of the Inlet. Vortices generated by this headland, Admiralty Head, are found to vary considerably depending on the tidal cycle. The eddies can persist beyond the half-cycle of generation to significantly affect the horizontal speed and other flow field properties in the subsequent half-cycle. Detailed analysis of the vertical vorticity governing equation shows that advection, tilting, stretching, and boundary generation are the most significant processes dictating the behavior of the vorticity. Turbulence modeling in the simulation is carried out via a k-epsilon turbulence closure scheme. Comparisons of model output with high resolution field data show the model to perform reasonably well: predicted Reynolds stress and turbulent dissipation rate values are usually within a factor of two of the field data. The turbulent kinetic energy from the simulation compares well with field data that is restricted to the frequency range of classical turbulence. The energy density spectrum of the data is found to follow Kolmogorov's theory beyond the inertial subrange. Using this fact and Taylor's frozen field approximation, an inferred calculation for the turbulent kinetic energy is derived that spans the full frequency range of the data set. The output from the inferred calculation compares well with the full turbulent kinetic energy from the field data. Maps of metrics for tidal turbine siting are generated that address many considerations for turbine placement, and can be adjusted for the model's speed deficiency with a simple multiplication factor. Among the possible best locations for turbine deployment are north of Point Wilson on the west side of Admiralty Inlet and near the center of the channel between Point Wilson and Admiralty Head. These locations have a strong tidal resource available along with highly bi-directional tidal currents and low turbulence levels.

  16. 77 FR 38236 - Special Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival, Carr Inlet, Cutts Island, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ... the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Public Meeting We do not now plan to... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 RIN 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival... Music Festival and would do so by establishing speed and towing restrictions, limiting the number...

  17. 46 CFR 7.140 - Cape Blanco, OR to Cape Flattery, WA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...W. (Columbia River Entrance Lighted Whistle Buoy “2”); thence to latitude 46°14...Harbor Light to Grays Harbor Entrance Lighted Whistle Buoy “2”); thence to latitude 46...W. (Grays Harbor Entrance Lighted Whistle Buoy “3”); thence to Grays...

  18. DCS Hydrology Submission for City of Longview PAL, Cowlitz County WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Hydrology data include spatial datasets and data tables necessary for documenting the hydrologic procedures for estimating flood discharges for a flood insurance...

  19. 75 FR 57167 - Safety Zone; CLS Fall Championship Hydroplane Race, Lake Sammamish, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-20

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; CLS Fall Championship Hydroplane Race, Lake... (CLS) Fall Championship Hydroplane Race. This action is necessary to ensure public safety from the intrinsic dangers associated with high- speed races while ensuring unencumbered access for rescue...

  20. 76 FR 20707 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ...Reclamation [INT-FES 11-02] Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction...Impact Statement (FEIS) for the Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction...prepared an FEIS on the proposed Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish...

  1. Results on charm and beauty production from the CERN WA92 experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results concerning the production of charm and beauty hadrons in ?-interactions in thin metal targets at ?s=26 GeV are presented. In order to select events containing heavy quarks, the combined information of the CERN ?' spectrometer and of a high-resolution silicon detector that allowed direct observation of the decay vertices of short-lived hadrons have been used. In the 20% of our data sample analysed so far there are 81 events where the decay vertices of two charmed hadrons are detected. Results are compared with QCD predictions. The same data sample is used to search for the production of beauty particles. Preliminary indications are that the number of events found is compatible with published measurements of the beauty cross-section. (author). 14 refs., 4 figs

  2. Healing leadership: the serving leader's impact on patient outcomes in a clinical environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andenoro A

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Chris Nagel1, Anthony C Andenoro21Medical Operations – Continuous Improvement, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; 2Department of Organizational Leadership, Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA, USAAbstract: The future of health care is a topic that has significant importance to patients and caregivers alike for generations to come. As the health care industry becomes more complex, leadership and the examination of how to most effectively apply it to meet efficiency standards and optimize the patient experience will become paramount. Through this paper the authors provide the foundation for meeting this need through an innovative and socially adept framework that identifies the critical character attributes of a serving leader and the powerful impact that serving leaders can have on patient outcomes in the health care setting. This framework is grounded in a leadership theoretical foundation and contextually examined through qualitative methods. As the business of health care becomes more complex and more competitive, finding ways to improve processes and create healing environments conducive to improved patient outcomes will differentiate average health care and excellent health care in the future. This paper provides the impetus for successfully addressing these needs through the development of serving leaders, and three specific characteristics: emotional care, presence, and awareness.Keywords: servant leadership, health care, patient outcomes

  3. Values program allows employees to set performance standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, M

    1985-01-01

    Through a pilot program in values enrichment at Sacred Heart Medical Center, Spokane, WA, employees learned to evaluate their own and others' work behaviors. They identified the values that they believed would promote the medical center's best interests, and they suggested actions that could help or hinder the attainment of five key values: compassion, care of the poor, respect for the dignity of every person, high-quality care of the whole person, and teamwork in care giving. Each of the medical center's 32 departments as well as its management system committee prepared evaluation tools to measure employee performance. These tools, based on employee suggestions, are essential to the institution's ongoing attention to its values. Employee screening procedures, including an application form, to discern potential employees' readiness to further the institution's stated values also were developed. Other program accomplishments included the formation of an ethics committee, recruitment of a staff ethicist, and production of a videotape for use in employee orientation and in-service sessions. PMID:10269777

  4. Vacuum Ultraviolet Laser Photoion and Pulsed Field Ionization-Photoion Study of Rydberg Series of Chlorine Atoms Prepared in the 2PJ (J = 3/2 and 1/2) Fine-structure States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Lei; Gao, Hong; Zhou, Jingang; Ng, C. Y.

    2015-09-01

    We have measured the high-resolution vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) photoion (VUV-PI) and VUV pulsed-field ionization-photoion (VUV-PFI-PI) spectra of chlorine atoms (Cl) in the VUV energy range 103,580-105,600 cm-1 (12.842-13.093 eV) using a tunable VUV laser as the photoexcitation and photoionization source. Here, Cl atoms are prepared in the Cl(2P3/2) and Cl(2P1/2) fine-structure states by 193.3 nm laser photodissociation of chlorobenzene. The employment of VUV-PFI-PI detection has allowed the identification of Rydberg transitions that are not observed in VUV-PI measurements. More than 180 new Rydberg transition lines with principal quantum number up to n = 61 have been identified and assigned to members of nine Rydberg series originating from the neutral Cl(2P3/2) and Cl(2P1/2) fine-structure states. Two of these Rydberg series are found to converge to the Cl+(3P2), four to the Cl+(3P1), and three to the Cl+(3P0) ionization limits. Based on the convergence limits determined by least-squares fits of the observed Rydberg transitions to the modified Ritz formula, we have obtained a more precise ionization energy (IE) for the formation of the ionic Cl+(3P2) from the ground Cl(2P3/2) state to be 104,591.01 ± 0.13 cm-1. This is consistent with previous IE measurements, but has a smaller uncertainty. The analysis of the quantum defects obtained for the Rydberg transitions reveals that many high-n Rydberg transitions are perturbed.

  5. 78 FR 73881 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ...., Knoxville, 13000983 ] VIRGINIA Bath County Barton Lodge, 373 French's Hill Dr., Hot Springs, 13000984... Central Elementary School, 401 S. 8th St., Tacoma, 13000998 Spokane County Garland Theater,...

  6. Multibeam collection for B00031: Multibeam data collected aboard Davidson from 1985-09-25 to 1985-10-25, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  7. Multibeam collection for TN244: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2009-12-05 to 2009-12-08, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  8. Multibeam collection for HLY14TF: Multibeam data collected aboard Healy from 2014-09-14 to 2014-09-18, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  9. Multibeam collection for TN290B: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2013-01-16 to 2013-01-20, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  10. Multibeam collection for B00013: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1985-04-06 to 1985-04-11, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  11. Multibeam collection for TN265: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2011-05-28 to 2011-06-24, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  12. Multibeam collection for B00015: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1985-04-22 to 1985-10-19, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  13. Multibeam collection for TN242: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2009-11-02 to 2009-11-06, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  14. Multibeam collection for B00016: Multibeam data collected aboard Davidson from 1985-05-15 to 1985-05-24, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  15. Multibeam collection for B00093: Multibeam data collected aboard Discoverer from 1986-11-20 to 1986-11-22, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  16. Multibeam collection for B00210: Multibeam data collected aboard Discoverer from 1990-02-11 to 1990-03-16, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  17. Multibeam collection for B00113: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1987-06-23 to 1987-06-26, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  18. Multibeam collection for B00078: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1986-10-04 to 1986-10-22, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  19. Multibeam collection for B00110: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1987-06-01 to 1987-06-21, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  20. Multibeam collection for B00144: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1988-06-08 to 1988-06-15, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  1. 200 years of natural gas engineering in Germany. Since Prof. W.A. Lampadius 1812 in Freiberg in Saxony; 200 Jahre Gastechnik in Deutschland. Seit Prof. W.A. Lampadius 1812 in Freiberg in Sachsen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kretschmar, Hans-Juergen [Technische Univ. Bergakademie Freiberg e.V., Freiberg in Sachsen (Germany)

    2012-10-15

    The author of the contribution under consideration reports on 200 years of gas engineering in Germany. The early days of the gas engineering is in the year 1812. The author reports on the market launch, the gas supply in Germany as well as the energetic and economic association.

  2. Multibeam collection for HLY03DF: Multibeam data collected aboard Healy from 2003-01-31 to 2003-04-01, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  3. «Wa-wa?aln? ‘al? barakat All?h il? ?g?l?z»: à propos de la localisation d’?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, le ?i?n du Mahd? Ibn T?mart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Van Staëvel, Jean-Pierre

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available L’article se propose d’infirmer la proposition émise par Allen Fromherz dans l’une des dernières livraisons d’Al-Qan?ara d’identifier ?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, lieu de naissance d’Ibn T?mart et premier foyer de la révolution almohade, avec la localité d’?gl? dans la vallée du Sous. Conjuguant étude de la documentation écrite, rappel historiographique des rares études savantes à avoir été consacrées à ce site méconnu, et premiers éléments d’une enquête de géographie historique et d’archéologie en cours, la présente contribution voudrait montrer : 1.º que la théorie de Fromherz est sous-tendue par des erreurs d’appréciation des matériaux historiques utilisés ; 2.º que le village natal d’Ibn T?mart se situe non dans la vallée du Sous, mais dans l’Anti-Atlas central, comme l’avaient déjà bien montré en leur temps Huici Miranda et D. Jacques-Meunié ; 3.º que le site d’?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, dont on avance ici une localisation précise, comprend notamment un lieu fortifié de hauteur qui a servi, lors des premiers affrontements contre les Almoravides, de refuge à Ibn T?mart et aux membres de sa tribu. Une brève description archéologique des vestiges est enfin donnée de ce site jusqu’à ce jour inédit.

    El artículo se propone rebatir la propuesta que planteó Allen Fromherz en uno de los últimos números de Al-Qan?ara, al identificar ?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, lugar de nacimiento de Ibn T?mart y primer foco de la revolución almohade, con la localidad de ?gl?, ubicada en el valle del Sous. Al juntar el estudio de la documentación escrita, la evocación historiográfica de los pocos estudios eruditos dedicados a este yacimiento desconocido, con los primeros elementos de una encuesta de geografía histórica y arqueológica en curso, la presente contribución pretende demostrar : 1.º que la teoría de Fromherz adolece de errores de apreciación de los materiales históricos empleados ; 2.º que el pueblo natal de Ibn T?mart no se ubica en el valle del Sous, sino en el Anti-Atlas central, tal como ya demostraron Huici Miranda y D. Jacques- Meunié ; 3.º que el yacimiento de ?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, del cual se avanza aquí una ubicación precisa, encierra entre otros elementos un lugar fortificado de altura que sirvió de refugio a Ibn T?mart y los miembros de su tribu durante los primeros enfrentamientos contra los Almorávides. Finalmente, se da una breve descripción arqueológica de los vestigios de este yacimiento inédito hasta ahora.

  4. Multibeam collection for TN080: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 1998-07-14 to 1998-07-15, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  5. Taq?lid Tuallif Kutub al-Tafs?r al-Malay?w?yah wa al-J?w?yah wa al-Sund?w?yah: Mu?awalah li Rasm Khar??ah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ervan Nurtawab

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the tradition of translating and interpreting the Qur'an in Javanese, Malay, and Sundanese, with a focus on manuscripts since the beginning of the 20th century. The author of this article has sought to show the dynamics of the translations and interpretations of the Qur'an in these three languages since the 17th century, while further explaining the characteristics of these works in the respective periods.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v12i3.585

  6. Multibeam collection for TN299: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2013-06-30 to 2013-08-23, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  7. Multibeam collection for MV1310: Multibeam data collected aboard Melville from 2013-08-04 to 2013-08-23, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  8. Multibeam collection for TN266: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2011-06-28 to 2011-07-27, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  9. Multibeam collection for TN269: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2011-09-09 to 2011-10-04, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  10. MODERNISM AS A FAILED UTOPIA: A POSTCOLONIAL CRITIQUE OF WOLE SOYINKA’S DEATH AND THE KING’S HORSEMAN AND NGUGI WA THIONG’O AND NGUGI WA MIRII’S, I WILL MARRY WHEN I WANT

    OpenAIRE

    Etop Akwang

    2012-01-01

    Ever since becoming a hegemonic cultural project erected on the foundations of self-acclaimed Western cultural legitimizations or superiority, modernism has been fiercely criticized for failing in its civilizing mission in Africa and in the introduction of corruption. African literature, especially its modern dramatic expressions, internalizes many examples and instances of the failure of the modernist project, with the ascendancy of poverty and/or deprivation, and the cultural and spatial d...

  11. Multibeam collection for TN183: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2005-09-02 to 2005-10-04, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  12. Multibeam collection for TN144: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2002-04-22 to 2002-04-26, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  13. Historical progress in the fabrication process for a Nb3Al conductor; Nb3Al senzaika process wa donoyoni hattenshitekitaka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inoue, K. [National Research Institute for Metal, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1998-09-25

    For more accurate understanding of the present Nb3Al conductor technology, this paper explains its developmental history. Since Nb3Al with nearly stoichiometric composition shows Tc over 19K and Hc2 over 30T more than those of Nb3Sn, its conductor has been studied from the early stage of studies as a promising next generation practical superconducting material. However, its practical use was difficult because Nb3Al is stable only around 2000degC, other non-stoichiometric compounds are stable at other temperatures, and fabrication of Nb3Al conductors is difficult due to its considerably slow diffusion velocity. The authors could make Nb3Al multifilamentary conductors with nearly stoichiometric composition and fine-grained crystals by RHQT (rapid heat, quench and transformation). This Nb3Al conductor showed 2-5 times larger Jc than conventional superconducting ones, and Tc of 17.6K and Hc2 of nearly 26T equivalent to those of (Nb,Ti)3Sn conductor. Since this Nb3Al superconductor also shows superior mechanical properties, this is promising as an alternative to Nb3Sn superconductor. 15 refs., 18 figs.

  14. Superfund Record of Decision amendment (EPA Region 10): Hanford Site -- 200 Area (USDOE), Benton County, WA, September 25, 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This ROD Amendment is based on the Administrative Record for the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility. The ERDF ROD specifies that expansion of the facility would be authorized as-needed through the ROD amendment process. Based on estimated remediation waste volumes presented in the ERDF ROD, additional disposal cells were anticipated. This Amendment authorizes two additional ERDF cells to be constructed and operated for disposal of Hanford Site remediation waste. The Phase II construction shall be located entirely within the 4.1 square kilometer (1.6 square miles) area selected for ERDF, as defined in the ERDF ROD

  15. Public private partnership (PPP) in heritage conservation: the case study of Casa de Cha Long Wa, Macao

    OpenAIRE

    CHEN Zhaoyu; 陈昭宇.

    2013-01-01

    Public private partnership (PPP) is a favorable cooperation mode in delivery of public infrastructure and service projects. This concept is warmly discussed in economic perspective on providing a wide range of general public services. The private sector which involved in the public services work, it helps release public sector’s finance pressure on funds and reduce the risks on conducting the works. When this PPP concept applied into conservation works, government and private sector util...

  16. Al-Ma‘had al-Tur?th? wa Taqwim al-Jam?‘ah: Tajribah Ma‘had Hidayatullah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirojudin Abbas

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses some of the characteristic peculiarities of the pesantren as in Pesantren Hidayatullah, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, which does not make Arabic reviewing activities as part of the daily staple of his students.During the last three decades, pesantren in Indonesia have shown  a variety of institutional developments. The identification of pesantren as Islamic learning institutions-especially in term of their specific role in preserving intellectual tradition and reproducing 'ilama' may no longer be sufficient to explaint that development. Such a trend can be seen in the establishment of a significant number of Islamic learning institution in the country with different visions and characteristics of learning. One of the leading institutions representing this new form of pesantren is Pesantren Hidayatullah, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v5i2.756

  17. Phylogenetic analysis of Bangiadulcis atropurpurea (A. Roth W.A. Nelson and Bangia fuscopurpurea (Dillwyn Lyngbye (Bangiales, Rhodophyta in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chou Jui-Yu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Samples of the freshwater red algae, Bangiadulcis atropurpurea, collected from the mountain waterfalls and its close species, Bangia fuscopurpurea, collected from coasts, were phylogenetically analyzed. The sequences of the rbcL gene and RuBisCO spacer region of the freshwater Bangiadulcis atropurpurea species were identical or similar to those of B. atropurpurea from Japan, North America and Europe. This result indicated that the freshwater Bangiadulcis species from Taiwan shared a common ancestor with the three above-mentioned populations and formed a distinct clade from the marine Bangia species in the phylogenetic trees. It is suggested that all the previous records on marine Bangia species should be revised and the name B. fuscopurpurea be used for the marine species in Taiwan. In this study, the freshwater alga B. atropurpurea presents a new record in the algal flora of Taiwan. This finding is important for the protection of the biodiversity of red algal flora, and provides useful information on the ecological conservation of the species in Taiwan.

  18. Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wałbrzych (SW Poland). II. Dependence on the substrate and seasonality

    OpenAIRE

    Wanda Stojanowska; Eugeniusz Panek

    2014-01-01

    Results confirm domination of the occurrence of slime moulds on decaying wood of Fagus (33 taxa), as well as on Tilia (31). The list of species found on wood of Acer pseudoplatanus was extended up to 18. In such a specific microhabitat as litter 33 taxa were found, and among them abundant occurrence of Diachea leucopodia and Diderma testaceum was conspicuous. Dependence of the occurrence of myxomycetes on climatic conditions is manifeted by various periods of "fructification" of particular sp...

  19. Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wałbrzych (SW Poland. Part I. List of taxa and quantitative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanda Stojanowska

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A total number of 103 Myxomycetes taxa is known of the "Przełomy pod Księżem" nature reserve. In 2002, 89 taxa were recorded in the reserve. The following families prevail: Physaraceae - 24.4 %, Arcyriaceae, Didymiaceae and Stemonitidaceae - 15.8 % each, Trichiaceae - 12.2 %. Dominant genera are: Physarum - 14 species, Arcyria - 9, Trichia - 8, Cribraria and Diderma - 7 each. Three species were recorded for the first time in Poland: Arcyria minuta, Cribraria persooni and Symphytocarpus flaccidus. The occurrence of Didymium serpula and Lepidoderma tigrinum in Lower Silesia was confirmed after 100 years.

  20. Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wałbrzych (SW Poland. II. Dependence on the substrate and seasonality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanda Stojanowska

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Results confirm domination of the occurrence of slime moulds on decaying wood of Fagus (33 taxa, as well as on Tilia (31. The list of species found on wood of Acer pseudoplatanus was extended up to 18. In such a specific microhabitat as litter 33 taxa were found, and among them abundant occurrence of Diachea leucopodia and Diderma testaceum was conspicuous. Dependence of the occurrence of myxomycetes on climatic conditions is manifeted by various periods of "fructification" of particular species. August and September were the most favourable months (49 taxa each while July was the worst one (30 taxa. Slime moulds inhabiting litter had their maximum from June to August.

  1. Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wałbrzych (SW Poland). Part I. List of taxa and quantitative analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Wanda Stojanowska; Eugeniusz Panek

    2014-01-01

    A total number of 103 Myxomycetes taxa is known of the "Przełomy pod Księżem" nature reserve. In 2002, 89 taxa were recorded in the reserve. The following families prevail: Physaraceae - 24.4 %, Arcyriaceae, Didymiaceae and Stemonitidaceae - 15.8 % each, Trichiaceae - 12.2 %. Dominant genera are: Physarum - 14 species, Arcyria - 9, Trichia - 8, Cribraria and Diderma - 7 each. Three species were recorded for the first time in Poland: Arcyria minuta, Cribraria persooni and Symphytocarpus flacci...

  2. WA47?Tweets, hashtags and palliative care: a workshop for social media newbies looking to join the digital revolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noonan, Kerrie

    2015-04-01

    : A recent article in the BMJ highlighted the role of social media has in changing the way we talk about and respond to death and dying. There are so many social media channels do you know which ones are best for communicating about your work? for networking with peers? participating in journal clubs? disseminating research with the international community? What about your local community- how do you increase engagement online to promote your work and events? How can you use social media to source and access interesting content and information about the public health approach? This workshop is designed as a beginner level and new user workshop and is suitable for anyone wanting to be more active in social media. It is designed specifically to focus on social media in relation to the end of life, palliative care and death care online communities. Bring your social media device - your phone, ipad or computer and we will do the following: login and practice communicating with other users develop and implement basic social media goals apply strategies to increase your engagement and effectiveness on social media learn simple ways to measure your reach. Workshop participants will have an opportunity to build confidence and be more effective communicators in social media. You then get to practice your newly learned skills for the remainder of the PHPC Conference. PMID:25960469

  3. Can materials engineers survive in electronics industries; Kokusaika kachu no Nippon no electronics kigyo de zairyoya wa ikinokoreru daroka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murakami, M. [Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan)

    1995-01-01

    The term of `internationalization` indicates that the Japanese are still `closed`. The Japanese should have a conception that the earth is borderless. In this paper, the standpoint of material engineers in an electronics enterprise was freely described with the experiment based on a 16-year study in IBM (America) in the center. High performance, low price, and reliability must be obtained to put a new device on various markets. A speedy study and product uniformity are also required in this case. The Japanese are proficient in manufacturing uniform products. Whether the problem of reliability is related to the essence of materials (science) or mere technology must be ascertained as soon as possible. Moreover, it is necessary for material engineers to develop materials in consideration of the harmony between the material`s essence and technology. The talents who create a new processing science and cultivate the road to `survival` irrespective of hardware and software are required in Japan. 2 figs.

  4. 77 FR 32943 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Driving in the Columbia River, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ...ship loading system and marine berthing...sound is a mechanical disturbance consisting of minute vibrations that travel...driving noise analysis for 48-in...the auditory system; however...in the noise analysis for...

  5. Integrated Status and Effectiveness Monitoring Program Population Estimates for Juvenile Salmonids in Nason Creek, WA ; 2008 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collins, Matthew; Murdoch, Keely [Yakama Nation Fisheries Resource Management

    2009-07-20

    This report summarizes juvenile coho, spring Chinook, and steelhead salmon migration data collected at a 1.5m diameter cone rotary fish trap on Nason Creek during 2008; providing abundance and freshwater productivity estimates. We used species enumeration at the trap and efficiency trials to describe emigration timing and to estimate the number of emigrants. Trapping began on March 2, 2008 and was suspended on December 11, 2008 when snow and ice accumulation prevented operation. During 2008, 0 brood year (BY) 2006 coho, 1 BY2007 coho, 906 BY2006 spring Chinook, 323 BY2007 fry Chinook, 2,077 BY2007 subyearling Chinook, 169 steelhead smolts, 414 steelhead fry and 2,390 steelhead parr were trapped. Mark-recapture trap efficiency trials were performed over a range of stream discharge stages. A total of 2,639 spring Chinook, 2,154 steelhead and 12 bull trout were implanted with Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags. Most PIT tagged fish were used for trap efficiency trials. We were unable to identify a statistically significant relationship between stream discharge and trap efficiency, thus, pooled efficiency estimates specific to species and trap size/position were used to estimate the number of fish emigrating past the trap. We estimate that 5,259 ({+-} 359; 95% CI) BY2006 Chinook, 16,816 ({+-} 731; 95% CI) BY2007 Chinook, and 47,868 ({+-} 3,780; 95% CI) steelhead parr and smolts emigrated from Nason Creek in 2008.

  6. Hasbi Ash-Shiddieqy wa Tajd?d al-Fiqh f? Ind?n?s?y?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Andi Sarjan

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Hasbi Ash-Shiddieqy (1904-1975 was a jurist reformer. The assertion may be begging the question: how can a renewal of thought suggests Jurist. Jurisprudence Is not it synonymous with stagnation? The reaction was understandable given the jurisprudence has long been described as Islamic thought static, dogmatic, rigid, and lacking an appreciation of social change. In this paper will be assessed on the role and influence of Hasbi Ash-Shiddieqy particularly among students of Islamic studies because most of his work in the form of text books which became a popular reference them as areas of fiqh, hadith, and 'ulum al-Qur'anCopyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v3i3.802

  7. 77 FR 58533 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the W.A. Parish Post...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-21

    ..., coupled with use of the captured CO 2 for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and ultimate sequestration. NRG... constructed by NRG. The CO 2 would be used for EOR and ultimately sequestered at the existing West Ranch oil... Ranch oil field in Jackson County, Texas, where it would be used for EOR and ultimately sequestered...

  8. DOE ZERH Case Study: Clifton View Homes, Marine Drive and Port Hadlcok, Coupeville and Port Hadlock WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of two DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom homes in the marine climate that got HERS 39 and 38 without PV or HERS 2-12 and -9 with PV, with 6.5” SIP walls and 10.25” SIP roof; 11.75 ICF around slab, R-20 rigid foam under slab; radiant floor heat and passive design; air-to-water heatpump, fresh air intake with fan, triple-pane windows, 100% LED.

  9. 77 FR 61781 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-11

    ... Federal Register (77 FR 13622-13622, March 7, 2012). The two objects were not included due to a cataloguing error. In the Federal Register (77 FR 13622-13622, March 7, 2012), paragraph six, sentence two is... of metal beads. In the Federal Register (77 FR 13622-13622, March 7, 2012), paragraph 11,...

  10. Transfer of microcystin from freshwater lakes to Puget Sound, WA and toxin accumulation in marine mussels (Mytilus trossulus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preece, E P; Moore, Barry C; Hardy, F Joan

    2015-12-01

    Many eutrophic inland freshwater lakes in the Puget Sound Washington region produce toxic cyanobacteria blooms annually. While such blooms in lakes tend to be viewed as a localized phenomenon, there is significant potential for downstream export of toxins to freshwater streams, and marine and brackish water environments. However, monitoring for cyanotoxins typically associated with freshwaters, such as the hepatotoxin, microcystin (MC) in marine receiving waters is rare. In 2013 we studied four eutrophic Puget Sound area lakes to assess both toxin transport to marine waters and its potential accumulation in marine shellfish, specifically mussels. Shellfish beds are extensive throughout Puget Sound, and recreational harvest occurs downstream of our study lakes, so a study goal was to also assess if shellfish consumption poses a human health risk for MC exposure. We confirm, for the first time, freshwater to marine transfer of MCs in Puget Sound with subsequent bioaccumulation of MC by mussels. ELISA analysis estimated maximum MC concentrations in source lakes of 2700?g/L, up to 0.34?g/L in marine waters and 6.5?g/kg in mussels. Confirmatory analyses by LC-MS/MS on water and mussel samples identified MC-LA as the major toxin. Although we found relatively low MC levels in mussels, our study implies that potential concern for human food safety is justified and warrants further investigation. PMID:26218554

  11. 78 FR 30901 - Record of Decision and Wetland/Floodplain Statement of Findings for the W.A. Parish Post...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    ... to less than five minutes. Greenhouse Gasses Construction of the CO 2 capture facility, CO 2 pipeline... with construction and operation of the proposed Parish PCCS Project, as submitted by NRG. DOE's... Document Manager, U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, 3610 Collins Ferry...

  12. WA - Impacts of non-point source pollution on the health of salmonids in urban and urbanizing watersheds

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — By the Services conducting this offrefuge EC investigation and jointly publishing the results in the two aforementioned manuscripts see notes section of ProCite...

  13. Mohammad Iqbal, al-?a?arah al-Gharb?yah wa Qa?ay? al-Tajd?d

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salahuddin Al-Nadwi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Mohammad Iqbal regarded as one of the most important thinkers of India during the turn of the century. He was born in 1873 in Siyalkote, India. Iqbal came from prominent families and religious. Her father is an educated and progressive figure for the size of the community in his day. Rather than send their children to traditional schools, he would prefer a new school Iqbal entered the English language. Towards Iqbal graduated from high school, his father encouraged him to get into a state university in Lahore, where Iqbal completed Bachelor level (BA in 1897. He specializes in the field of literary Arabic, Persian, and Islamic Studies under the guidance of Shaykh Meer Hassan, a famous intellectual in India.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v2i1.845

  14. Chapman Conference on the Hydrologic Aspects of Global Climate Change, Lake Chelan, WA, June 12-14, 1990, Selected Papers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lettenmaier, Dennis P. (Editor); Rind, D. (Editor)

    1992-01-01

    The present conference on the hydrological aspects of global climate change discusses land-surface schemes for future climate models, modeling of the land-surface boundary in climate models as a composite of independent vegetation, a land-surface hydrology parameterizaton with subgrid variability for general circulation models, and conceptual aspects of a statistical-dynamical approach to represent landscape subgrid-scale heterogeneities in atmospheric models. Attention is given to the impact of global warming on river runoff, the influence of atmospheric moisture transport on the fresh water balance of the Atlantic drainage basin, a comparison of observations and model simulations of tropospheric water vapor, and the use of weather types to disaggregate the prediction of general circulation models. Topics addressed include the potential response of an Arctic watershed during a period of global warming and the sensitivity of groundwater recharge estimates to climate variability and change.

  15. Ijtih?d al-‘Ulam?’ al-Ind?n?s?y?n wa Ta?w? al-Fiqh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helmy Karim

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Ijtihad as thinking or reasoning to solve problems that can not be found in the detailed explanation of the Qur'an and Sunnah, is an open and universal concept. But in practice ijtihad can not be separated from the situation where and when he was done. Therefore it is very conditional execution diligence, and sometimes very local.In the Indonesian context, ijtihad done them by the Fatwa Commission, the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI, the issues can not be separated from the context of the Indonesian-ness. Then the extent of ijtihad MUI contribute to the development of Islamic law in both the substance and methodology?Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v1i2.858

  16. 77 FR 28568 - Foreign-Trade Zone 216-Olympia, WA; Notification of Proposed Production Activity; Callisons, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-15

    ...mentha piperita), other essential mint oils, odoriferous mixtures for use by the food and drink industries and non- alcohol perfume bases (duty rate ranges from duty-free to 4.2%) for the foreign status inputs noted below. Customs duties also...

  17. 75 FR 11533 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Technical Meeting To Discuss...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-11

    ... completely submerged gravity foundations; (2) two 250-meter service cables connected at a subsea junction box or spliced to a 0.5-kilometer subsea transmission cable, connecting to a cable termination...

  18. 76 FR 41237 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice Concluding Pre-Filing Process and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-13

    ... foundations; (2) two 250-meter service cables connected at a subsea junction box or spliced to a 0.5-kilometer subsea transmission cable, connecting to a cable termination vault about 50 meters from shore; (3) two...

  19. Smoking, it is slow suicide - aiming for smoking cessation; Kitsuen sore wa kanmannaru jisatsu. Kin'en wo mezashite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azuma, Keiko [sophia University, Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-02-01

    Toxic substances content rate in the particle phase and the gas phase of paper roll tobacco and included substances in mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke were shown. Delay of information disclosure in developing countries including Japan was introduced along with explanation of the smoking situation in Japan and each country in world in the man and woman independence. As health hazard by smoking, symptom by nicotin, carbon dioxide and included other substances was described separately and smoking cessation countermeasure was introduced. (NEDO)

  20. Initial Site-wide Groundwater remediation Strategy of the Hanford Site, WA: Its Application, Lessons Learned and Future Path forward

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1989, the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) formed an agreement to clean up the Hanford Site, located in the state of Washington. By 1995, the three parties developed an initial comprehensive site wide groundwater remediation strategy with a vision to address contaminated plumes of hazardous and radioactive waste. The Hanford Site has more than 170 square miles of contaminated groundwater. Almost half exceeds the state and federal drinking water standards. The plumes are often commingled. The remediation is challenged by limited technologies, poor understanding of conceptual models, and subsurface contaminant behavior. This paper briefly describes the basic principles of the initial strategy, its application, the results of the decade-long operation, and the future path forward. The initial strategy was based on a qualitative assessment to reduce immediate risk to human health and the environment; to support commonly held values of stakeholders, including tribal nations and the public; and to deploy available remediation technologies. Two different approaches were used for two distinct geographic, the river shore reactor areas and the central plateau few miles away. The strategy was to cleanup the major groundwater plumes in the reactor areas next to the Columbia River where chromium, strontium-90, and uranium already entering the river and to contain the plumes of chlorinated solvents and radionuclides in the central plateau. The strategy acknowledges the lack of cost-effective technologies to address the contaminants, and asked DOE to develop, test, and deploy cost-effective alternative technologies wherever applicable. After more than a decade, the results are mixed. While the pump and treat provided a meaningful approach to address certain contaminants, it was too small in scale. Efforts to scale up these operations enhance characterization, and to deployment innovative technologies are progressing; albeit slowly due to budget constraints. A number of innovative technologies were identified to address source control and groundwater remediation across the Hanford Site. In the 10 years since the initial strategy was developed, additional severe groundwater and vadose zone contaminations were discovered under the waste storage tanks on the central plateau and river corridor areas. These problems required changes to the strategy. Changes include complete integration of vadose zone and groundwater characterization and remediation activities and immediate needs for technologies to address the deep vadose zone source areas, as well as thick aquifer contamination - especially for chlorinated solvents and technetium-99. The successes of the initial strategy show that even a strategy based on incomplete information can make progress on difficult issues. The regulatory agencies identified these issues early and provided the needed direction to DOE to move forward with the overall mission of clean up. The cleanup of the Hanford site is a big challenge, not only for DOE, but also for the regulators, to ensure the tri-party agencies achieve the desired goals. (authors)

  1. 75 FR 59688 - Foreign-Trade Zone 203-Moses Lake, WA; Application for Reorganization and Expansion Under...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-28

    ... Automotive Carbon Fibers, LLC, 8781 Randolph Road NE, Moses Lake. Because the ASF only pertains to... FR 1170, 1/12/09; correction 74 FR 3987, 1/22/09). The ASF is an option for grantees for the... 203 was approved by the Board on October 18, 1994 (Board Order 702, 59 FR 54433, 10/31/94)....

  2. Evaluating nonindigenous species management in a Bayesian networks derived relative risk framework for Padilla Bay, WA, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herring, Carlie E; Stinson, Jonah; Landis, Wayne G

    2015-10-01

    Many coastal regions are encountering issues with the spread of nonindigenous species (NIS). In this study, we conducted a regional risk assessment using a Bayesian network relative risk model (BN-RRM) to analyze multiple vectors of NIS introductions to Padilla Bay, Washington, a National Estuarine Research Reserve. We had 3 objectives in this study. The 1st objective was to determine whether the BN-RRM could be used to calculate risk from NIS introductions for Padilla Bay. Our 2nd objective was to determine which regions and endpoints were at greatest risk from NIS introductions. Our 3rd objective was to incorporate a management option into the model and predict endpoint risk if it were to be implemented. Eradication can occur at different stages of NIS invasions, such as the elimination of these species before being introduced to the habitat or removal of the species after settlement. We incorporated the ballast water treatment management scenario into the model, observed the risk to the endpoints, and compared this risk with the initial risk estimates. The model results indicated that the southern portion of the bay was at greatest risk because of NIS. Changes in community composition, Dungeness crab, and eelgrass were the endpoints most at risk from NIS introductions. The currents node, which controls the exposure of NIS to the bay from the surrounding marine environment, was the parameter that had the greatest influence on risk. The ballast water management scenario displayed an approximate 1% reduction in risk in this Padilla Bay case study. The models we developed provide an adaptable template for decision makers interested in managing NIS in other coastal regions and large bodies of water. PMID:25845995

  3. 77 FR 70137 - Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA; Bannon, Aeneas, Revis, and Tunk Grazing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-23

    ..., lack of diverse riparian vegetation, high stream sedimentation, and soil compaction, displacement or... management to move toward desired conditions for soils, vegetation and riparian resources. Livestock grazing... Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to disclose the environmental effects of issuing Term Grazing Permits...

  4. 76 FR 28505 - Okanogan Public Utility District No. 1 of Okanogan County, WA; Notice of Availability of Draft...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-17

    ...when warm temperatures melt the extensive...select for fish that prefer faster moving, cooler water...elevation would likely make the...flow was attributed to ice effects. The mean annual...preparing plan). Plant fast-growing native...

  5. 77 FR 13622 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ...Museum that meet the definition of unassociated funerary...the Native American cultural items. The National...reservation of their own. Cultural affiliation is further...3)(B), the 37 cultural items described above...relationship of shared group identity that can be...

  6. 76 FR 28505 - Okanogan Public Utility District No. 1 of Okanogan County, WA; Notice of Availability of Draft...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-17

    ... measures, would not constitute a major federal action that would significantly affect the quality of the... north Figure 17. KOP 7, view from interpretive panel 2, looking north List of Tables Table 1. Major... historic Enloe powerhouse, re-evaluating the Oroville-Tonasket Irrigation Canal for National...

  7. W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Project Phase 1 Definition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Armpriester, Anthony; Smith, Roger; Scheriffius, Jeff; Smyth, Rebecca; Istre, Michael

    2014-02-01

    For a secure and sustainable energy future, the United States (U.S.) must reduce its dependence on imported oil and reduce its emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs). To meet these strategic challenges, the U.S. wiU have to create fundamentally new technologies with performance levels far beyond what is now possible. Developing advanced post-combustion clean coal technologies for capturing CO{sub 2} from existing coal-fired power plants can play a major role in the country's transition to a sustainable energy future, especially when coupled with CO{sub 2}-enhanced oil recovery (CO{sub 2}-EOR). Pursuant to these goals, NRG Energy, Inc. (NRG) submitted an application and entered into a cost-shared collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Round 3 of the Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) to advance low-emission coal technologies. The objective of the NRG W A Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Demonstration Project is to establish the technical feasibility and economic viability of post-combustion CO{sub 2} capture using flue gas from an existing pulverized coal-fired boiler integrated with geologic sequestration via an enhanced oil recovery (EOR) process. To achieve these objectives, the project will be executed in three phases. Each phase represents a distinct aspect of the project execution. The project phases are: • Phase I. Project Definition/Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) • Phase ll. Detailed Engineering, Procurement & Construction • Phase III. Demonstration and Monitoring The purpose of Phase I is to develop the project in sufficient detail to facilitate the decision-making process in progressing to the next stage of project delivery. Phase n. This report provides a complete summary of the FEED study effort, including pertinent project background information, the scope of facilities covered, decisions, challenges, and considerations made regarding configuration and performance of the facility, along with the conceptual design and estimate results. The findings of this report should be considered conceptual in nature and are conditioned on the statements contained herein. The cost of preparing this report (including the FEED study described herein) was funded in part by a $167-million grant provided by the U.S. DOE.

  8. Social Engineering Through Shari’a: Islamic Law and State-Directed Da’wa in Contemporary Aceh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Michael Feener

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This study of the contemporary Islamic legal system in Aceh, Indonesia argues for new attention to be paid to the ways in which contemporary Muslim agendas for the implementation of Islamic law can be read as projects for futureoriented social transformation—rather than as a series of reactive measures to perceived ‘crises of modernity’ and/or the political machinations of rival elites in contesting control of state power. In doing so it highlights the ways in which the ideals of, and institutional formations developed by, proponents of Islamic law are configured in relation to a broad range of non-Muslim modernist projects, including European and American theories of the sociology of law. rough examinations of these influences on discussions of Islamic law in Aceh, this essay demonstrates the degrees to which contemporary Shar?’a implementation is inextricably linked to broader configurations of law, moral authority, and state power in the modern global order.

  9. 75 FR 16502 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... are unassociated funerary objects. The two unassociated funerary objects are a stone pestle (Whit-O... (WHIT-BR-0076); 1 pestle (WHIT-BR-0089); and 13 stone implements (WHIT-BR-0040, WHIT-A-0035, WHIT-BR-0042, 0044, 0045, 0066- 0071, 0093, 0094). At an unknown date, a stone pestle (Whit-O-0137)...

  10. Canada continues use prohibition of gene recombination cattle somatotropin; Kanada wa idenshikumikaegyu seicho horumon no shiyo kinshi wo keizoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-04-05

    Canada continued use prohibition of gene recombination cattle somatotropin (BST) which stimulated milk increased production of this company in spite of request of Monsanto Co.. The cow that BST was administered is based on the report of veterinary surgeon that causes reproductive function and lowering in the life, dysbasia and increase in the mastitis on this. From the research report that BST causes thyroid gland cyst of the male rat in U.S.A., consumer organization and environment group petition FDA for the elimination of BST from the U.S.A. market. In the meantime, Monsanto Co. in the report which Canada adopted, chemical structure is different, and it reports that it uses BST of other company in which dosing method and dosing frequency differ and disregards the report of Cornell university in which the life of the cow administered more and more does not lower BST. (translated by NEDO)

  11. Field Measurement Test Plan to Determine Effects of Hydrokinetic Turbine Deployment on Canal Test Site in Yakima, WA, USA

    OpenAIRE

    Gunawan, Budi; Neary, Vincent S.; Roberts, Jesse; Dallman, Ann; Grovue, Shane; Mortensen, Josh; Heiner, Bryan

    2014-01-01

    The primary goal of the Department of Energy’s Water Power Program is to efficiently develop and utilize the country’s marine hydrokinetic (MHK) and conventional hydropower (CH) resources. The program has recently identified the need to better understand the potential for hydrokinetic energy development within existing canal systems that may already have integrated CH plants. Hydrokinetic (HK) turbine operation can alter water surface elevations and modify the flow in a canal. Significant wat...

  12. 75 FR 29334 - Public Utility District No. 2 of Grant County, WA; Notice of Application for Amendment of License...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-25

    .... Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Army... Recreation Area), Priest Rapids Park (Desert Aire), Priest Rapids Dam Picnic Area, Crescent Bar...

  13. Determining flow, recharge, and vadose zone drainage in an unconfined aquifer from groundwater strontium isotope measurements, Pasco Basin, WA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Strontium isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sr) measured in groundwater samples from 273 wells in the Pasco Basin unconfined aquifer below the Hanford Site show large and systematic variations that provide constraints on groundwater recharge, weathering rates of the aquifer host rocks, communication between unconfined and deeper confined aquifers, and vadose zone-groundwater interaction. The impact of millions of cubic meters of wastewater discharged to the vadose zone (103-105 times higher than ambient drainage) shows up strikingly on maps of groundwater 87Sr/86Sr. Extensive access through the many groundwater monitoring wells at the site allows for an unprecedented opportunity to evaluate the strontium geochemistry of a major aquifer, hosted primarily in unconsolidated sediments, and relate it to both long term properties and recent disturbances. Groundwater 87Sr/86Sr increases systematically from 0.707 to 0.712 from west to east across the Hanford Site, in the general direction of groundwater flow, as a result of addition of Sr from the weathering of aquifer sediments and from diffuse drainage through the vadose zone. The lower 87Sr/86Sr groundwater reflects recharge waters that have acquired Sr from Columbia River Basalts. Based on a steady-state model of Sr reactive transport and drainage, there is an average natural drainage flux of 0-1.4 mm/yr near the western margin of the Hanford Site, and ambient drainage may be up to 30 mm/yr in the center of the site assuming an average bulk rock weathering rate of 10-7.5 g/g/yr

  14. 77 FR 70137 - Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA; Bannon, Aeneas, Revis, and Tunk Grazing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-23

    ...Aeneas, Revis, and Tunk Grazing Allotments Environmental Impact Statement AGENCY...or portions of four existing grazing allotments: Bannon, Aeneas, Revis, and Tunk...fs.fed.us with ``BART Grazing Allotment Management Plan'' in the subject...

  15. 77 FR 13622 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes, has determined that the cultural items meet the definition of... intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of Maxey ] Museum that meet the definition of... National Park Service Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College,...

  16. 78 FR 30901 - Record of Decision and Wetland/Floodplain Statement of Findings for the W.A. Parish Post...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    ...Impacts and Mitigation Measures In making its decision, DOE considered the environmental...below the threshold of human perception. Increased truck traffic during...below the threshold of human perception, resulting in...

  17. Pluralism and ethnic conflict in Tanzania's arid lands: the case of the Maasai and the WaArusha.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ole Kuney, R O

    1994-01-01

    In Tanzania, the Maasai and Waarusha tribes are experiencing conflict because differences in their modes of productions and economic strategies undermine the peaceful coexistence that they have enjoyed since the 18th century. The Maasai are pastoralists, while the Waarusha are agricultural subsistence farmers who are encroaching on the best pasture lands. A sketch of the history of the two groups shows that the Maasai reached the peak of their land holding in 1880 before the arrival of European colonists who seized land and restricted the Maasai to a semi-arid reserve but allowed the Maasai to remain an autonomous and powerful group. The Waarusha began encroaching on Maasai land after independence due to land and population pressure. While closely tied, each group looks down on the other, and Maasai ascendancy has given way to Waarusha challenges. After independence, the tribal and ethnic rule that was protected by the colonial system was disrupted to allow for increased internal migration and new patterns of settlement. The rights of land ownership were transferred from tribes to the State, allowing privileged groups to benefit. The Waarusha began to engage in illegal land-grabbing and to encroach on the Maasai preserve using legal and illegal means. The Maasai view land as collective property and have had difficulty retaining title of traditional lands in the face of population pressure. This loss of grazing land has forced the Maasai into a mixed economy that depends upon agricultural production as well as livestock production. In the meantime, the Waarusha have deliberately sought political office to gain power to secure their holdings. Immediate action is needed to produce 1) a policy on spontaneous settlement, 2) an immediate adjustment of legal procedures for land acquisition, 3) a land tenure policy that equally emphasizes agricultural and livestock production, and 4) controls on undue expansion of subsistence agriculture into semi-arid rangelands. PMID:12293129

  18. 75 FR 5626 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA INT-DES...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-03

    ...INTERIOR Bureau of Reclamation Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction...Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) on the Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction...upstream adult fish passage facilities at the dam, as well as analyses associated with...

  19. Singing All the Way to the Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinberg, Joe Grim

    2010-01-01

    In early 1909, just over a hundred years ago, the Spokane, Washington, branch of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) got a reputation as a "singing union." Later that year, the same Spokane branch of the IWW embarked on a massive free speech fight. IWW agitators would arrive on street corners, call on the crowds not to pay for work, and…

  20. Dosing considerations with transdermal formulations of fentanyl and buprenorphine for the treatment of cancer pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skaer TL

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Tracy L Skaer College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, Spokane, WA, USA Abstract: Opioids continue to be first-line pharmacotherapy for patients suffering from cancer pain. Unfortunately, subtherapeutic dosage prescribing of pain medications remains common, and many cancer patients continue to suffer and experience diminished quality of life. A large variety of therapeutic options are available for cancer pain patients. Analgesic pharmacotherapy is based on the patient's self-report of pain intensity and should be tailored to meet the requirements of each individual. Most, if not all, cancer pain patients will ultimately require modifications in their opioid pharmacotherapy. When changes in a patient's medication regimen are needed, adequate pain control is best maintained through appropriate dosage conversion, scheduling immediate release medication for withdrawal prevention, and providing as needed dosing for breakthrough pain. Transdermal opioids are noninvasive, cause less constipation and sedation when compared to oral opioids, and may improve patient compliance. A relative potency of 100:1 is recommended when converting the patient from oral morphine to transdermal fentanyl. Based on the limited data available, there is significant interpatient variability with transdermal buprenorphine and equipotency recommendations from oral morphine of 75:1–110:1 have been suggested. Cancer patients may require larger transdermal buprenorphine doses to control their pain and may respond better to a more aggressive 75–100:1 potency ratio. This review outlines the prescribing of transdermal fentanyl and transdermal buprenorphine including how to safely and effectively convert to and use them for those with cancer pain. Keywords: opioids, analgesic pharmacotherapy, immediate release medication, pain treatment modification, breakthrough pain, opioid withdrawal, equipotency ratio