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1

75 FR 5703 - Proposed Modification of Jet Route J-3; Spokane, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...09-ANM-21] Proposed Modification of Jet Route J-3; Spokane, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation...This action proposes to modify Jet Route J-3 by terminating the route at the Spokane...14 CFR) part 71 to remove the segment of J-3 that extends from the Spokane...

2010-02-04

2

75 FR 65516 - ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Affirmative Determination Regarding...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Employment and Training Administration [TA-W-72,971] ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Affirmative...Assistance (TAA) applicable to workers and former workers of ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, Washington (the...

2010-10-25

3

76 FR 27668 - ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Negative Determination on Reconsideration  

Science.gov (United States)

...Training Administration [TA-W-72,971] ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley...Reconsideration for the workers and former workers of ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley...assistance for workers and former workers of ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane...

2011-05-12

4

Piper J-3 Cub  

Science.gov (United States)

Piper J-3 Cub: This Piper J-3 Cub was used to test a fixed-pitch propeller at the NACA's Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory. These tests took place in late September and early October 1939. The NACA installed test instrumentation including the sensors mounted on the boom above the cockpit. Mounted in this manner, the sensors were free of the accelerated airflow around the Cub.

1939-01-01

5

WA18  

CERN Multimedia

Front view. The target plates are cut from marble (3x3 m slabs surrounded by magnetized iron) and allow the use of the calorimeter as a muon polarimeter. WA18 was CHARM, the experiment of the CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome(INFN)-Moskow(ITEP) Collaboration

1977-01-01

6

Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2005 Annual Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting harvestable fisheries for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). The Spokane Tribe, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Colville Confederated Tribes and Lake Roosevelt Development Association/Lake Roosevelt Volunteer Net Pen Project are cooperating in a comprehensive artificial production program to produce kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) for annual releases into the project area. The program consists of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. The Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake Fisheries Evaluation Program monitor and evaluates release strategies and production methods for the aforementioned projects. Between 1985 and 2005 the projects have collectively produced up to 800,000 rainbow trout and 4 million kokanee salmon for release into Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry for Banks Lake annually. In 2005, the annual release goal included 3.3 million kokanee fry, 475,000 kokanee yearlings and 500,000 rainbow trout yearlings. Fish produced by this project in 2005 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 3,446,438 kokanee fingerlings, 347,730 rainbow trout fingerlings and 525,721 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Meadow Creek and Lake Whatcom kokanee, diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2004 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to rainbow trout catch and harvest rates while the impact on the kokanee fishery was minimal. Success of the Lake Roosevelt kokanee artificial production program appears to be limited primarily owing to predation, precocity and high entrainment rates through Grand Coulee Dam. Recommendations for future hatchery/net pen operations include use of stocks compatible or native to the upper Columbia River, continue kokanee fry and post-smolt releases, 100% triploid hatchery stock rainbow trout used and adipose fin clip hatchery stock rainbow trout prior to release. The Spokane Tribal Hatchery is funded by the Bonneville Power Administration under directives by the Northwest Power Conservation Council Columbia River Basin Fish & Wildlife Program, Resident Fish Substitution Measures, 1987 to current (Subbasin Plan), as partial mitigation for anadromous and resident fish losses in the blocked areas above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams.

Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2006-03-01

7

75 FR 58429 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...identified. The 11 associated funerary objects are 1 basalt piece, 1 bone awl, 1 unworked and worked cache form, 1 scraper, 1 pestle, 1 blade fragment, 1 piece of wood, 3 projectile points and 1 knife. Human remains representing a minimum of nine...

2010-09-24

8

Piper J-3L50 Cub  

Science.gov (United States)

Piper J-3L50 Cub: The Piper J-3 Cub was evaluated at Langley by the NACA in late 1939 to early 1940. The J-3 was used by many World War II pilots as the airplane in which they were first introduced to flight. Note that the extended NACA use of the Cub led to its markings in NACA colors of yellow and blue, with the Committee's shield on the rudder.

1942-01-01

9

National uranium resource evaluation, Spokane Quadrangle, Washington and Idaho  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Spokane Quadrangle has been evaluated to delineate areas and determine geologic environments that could contain uranium deposits of at least 100 tons U3O8 in rocks at an average grade of not less than 100 ppM. Three environments meet these requirements and are classified as favorable in terms of the National Uranium Resource Evaluation. The delineation of the favorable areas is based, in part, on evaluation of reported uranium occurrences, geochemical sampling, radiometric information obtained from ground traverses, and reconnaissance aerial radiometric data. An environment favorable for authigenic uranium deposits is in the Mt. Spokane area, a past producing uranium area where meta-autunite is found in fractures and shears. In the northwestern corner of the quadrangle, Cretaceous plutonic rocks are favorable for magmatic-hydrothermal uranium deposits because of the high background uranium content, alteration attributed to hydrothermal processes, and a uranium occurrence in the same rocks a few kilometers north. An environment favorable for polymetallic vein-type deposits is in the eastern part of the quadrangle in a broad zone of west-northwest-trending faults in metasedimentary rocks of the Precambrian Belt Supergroup. Structurally controlled uraninite occurrences, previously dated as late Precambrian, are reported in five mines in the Coeur d'Alene district, along the east-central margin of the quadrangle

1982-01-01

10

At WA3  

CERN Multimedia

Installation of one half of the photon calorimeter as a part of the multiparticle spectrometer of the ACCMOR Collaboration (WA3). The calorimeter was 28 radiation lengths deep and consisted of two identical blocks of 40 scintillator planes with 2 cm wide elements, interleaved with layers of lead 4 mm thick. Robert Klanner stands on the right (see photo 7710073).

1977-01-01

11

?- signal in WA85  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have extracted from the full WA85 1990 data set a sample of 14 ?-+anti ?- candidates. We describe the selection criteria, and give a measurement of the anti ?-/?- ratio at central rapidity and pT>1.6 GeV/c. (orig.)

1994-01-03

12

At WA7  

CERN Document Server

The CERN-Genoa-Annecy(LAPP)- Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen-Oslo-University College,London Collaboration set-up the experiment WA7 to study two-body reactions at large transverse momentum. Here, Michel Yvert, Alberto Santronico, Per Carlson

1977-01-01

13

77 FR 25736 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...are 7 wooden burial markers, 1 dentalia fragment, 27 glass beads, 9 perforated bear claws, 1 carved beaver tooth, 3...turquoise pendant, 1 dentalia, 2 abalone pendants, 3 glass beads, 2 arrow shaft smoothers, 1 chalcedony drill,...

2012-05-01

14

Exploration systems approach to the Spokane Mountain area uranium deposits, Northeastern Washington  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Within the gross context of economic exploration techniques developed through case studies of known mineralization, this report of research into the Spokane Mountain uranium deposit integrates the results of numerous field surveys and the application of proven scientific methods with the effects of all tasks weighed against those of similar activities and the costs of alternative methods. An exploration systems approach to the problem required a synthesis of information derived mainly from a small mining district in Stevens County, Washington. Data were obtained by utilizing sources of information available to the mineral industry and state-of-the-art uranim exploration techniques, including geological, geophysical, geochemical, and emanometric procedures. The Spokane Mountain mineralization exemplifies classical conditions of uranium deposits that form in the contact zone developed between metasediments and uraniferous intrusive rocks. Geological studies for this report include assessments of subsurface conditions; interpretations of detailed petrographic examinations that emphasize depositional environments, metamorphic effects, alteration, paragenesis, mineralogy, and origin; and overviews of regional stratigraphy, structure, metamorphism, plutonium, and metallogeny. Elements and minerals associated with uranium were detected along the contact zone, Midnite Trend, using geochemical techniques applied to both soils and stream surveys. The coincidence of molybdenum and uranium in the sediments and water of streams in the Spokane Mountain area indicates a nearby source of uranium. The abundance of multielements such as U, As, and F in the soils, checked at various densities and scales, are indicators of uranium mineralization; also, two targets with uranium potential apparently exist in areas peripheral to Spokane Mountain

1981-01-01

15

Hsaing Waing: Classical Ensemble of Myanmar  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hsaing Waing is a classical music ensemble and a prominent culturalidentity of Myanmar. The Hsaing Waing ensemble consists of many instruments such as the Pat Waing, Muang Hsaing, Hne, Chauk Lon Bat, Byaung, Wa, Wallet Kok, Yakin, Si, and Mong. The earliest historical record of the Hsaing Waing is in 1544 where the Pat Waing and possibly the Hsaing Waing, was in royal service at the court of King Tabinshwehti of the Taungoo dynasty and prospered under the Kaunbaun dynasty up to colonial rule. During colonization, Hsaing Waing’s popularity declined but other innovations were introduced such as modern recording mediums and broadcasts which transferred the popularity of Hsaing Waing to a broader public audience and brought innovation to religious music, ceremonial rituals, fusion of westernmusical instruments such as the piano, violin and mandolin. The wealth of knowledge and numbers of connoisseur during the Kaunbaun dynasty led to the transfer of knowledge to many apprentices which were responsible for the development and adaptation and continuation of Hsaing Waing during colonization, socialism and independence. The transfer of knowledge was carried out by previous generations through apprentices, family members, close relatives and inspired individuals. The factors for the successful inheritance of Hsaing Waing are management, education, musicians and opportunity.

Chalermkit Kengkeaw

2013-09-01

16

76 FR 23710 - Safety Zones: Bellingham Bay, Bellingham, WA and Lake Union, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Bellingham, WA and Lake Union, Seattle, WA AGENCY...Bellingham, WA, and Lake Union, Seattle, WA. This...Anthony P. LaBoy, USCG Sector Puget Sound Waterways...or contrary to the public interest.'' Under...aggregate, or by the private sector of...

2011-04-28

17

EPCGen2 pseudorandom number generators: analysis of J3Gen.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper analyzes the cryptographic security of J3Gen, a promising pseudo random number generator for low-cost passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags. Although J3Gen has been shown to fulfill the randomness criteria set by the EPCglobal Gen2 standard and is intended for security applications, we describe here two cryptanalytic attacks that question its security claims: (i) a probabilistic attack based on solving linear equation systems; and (ii) a deterministic attack based on the decimation of the output sequence. Numerical results, supported by simulations, show that for the specific recommended values of the configurable parameters, a low number of intercepted output bits are enough to break J3Gen. We then make some recommendations that address these issues. PMID:24721767

Peinado, Alberto; Munilla, Jorge; Fúster-Sabater, Amparo

2014-01-01

18

Counter support for WA35  

CERN Multimedia

This assembly was equipped with 78 counters, each consisting of a lucite cone, to produce Cerenkov light, and a CsI scintillator plate of 3 mm thickness glued on the face of the cone. The experiment WA35 was set-up in the s1 beam (West Hall) by the Darmstadt-Heidelberg-Virginia-Warsaw Collaboration to measure angular distributions and multiplicities of pions and recoil protons produced by hadrons interacting in nuclei. (See Annual Report 1976 p. 39)

1977-01-01

19

Direct photons in WA98  

CERN Multimedia

A measurement of direct photon production in /sup 208/Pb+/sup 208/Pb collisions at 158 A GeV has been carried out in the CERN WA98 experiment. The invariant yield of direct photons was extracted as a function of transverse momentum in the interval 0.51.5 GeV/c. the result constitutes the first observation of direct photons in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. (19 refs).

Aggarwal, M M; Ahammed, Z; Angelis, Aris L S; Antonenko, V G; Arefev, V; Astakhov, V A; Avdeichikov, V; Awes, T C; Baba, P V K S; Badyal, S K; Barlag, C; Bathe, S; Batyunya, B; Bernier, T; Bhalla, K B; Bhatia, V S; Blume, C; Bock, R; Bohne, E M; Böröcz, Z K; Bucher, D; Buijs, A; Büsching, H; Carlén, L; Chalyshev, V; Chattopadhyay, S; Cherbachev, R; Chujo, T; Claussen, A; Das, A C; Decowski, M P; Delagrange, H; Dzhordzhadze, V; Dönni, P; Dubovik, I; Dutt, S; Dutta-Majumdar, M R; El-Chenawi, K F; Eliseev, S; Enosawa, K; Foka, P Y; Fokin, S L; Ganti, M S; Garpman, S; Gavrishchuk, O P; Geurts, F J M; Ghosh, T K; Glasow, R; Gupta, S K; Guskov, B; Gustafsson, Hans Åke; Gutbrod, H H; Higuchi, R; Hrivnacova, I; Ippolitov, M S; Kalechofsky, H; Kamermans, R; Kampert, K H; Karadzhev, K; Karpio, K; Kato, S; Kees, S; Klein-Bösing, C; Knoche, S; Kolb, B W; Kosarev, I G; Kucheryaev, I; Krümpel, T; Kugler, A; Kulinich, P A; Kurata, M; Kurita, K; Kuzmin, N A; Langbein, I; Lee, Y Y; Löhner, H; Luquin, Lionel; Mahapatra, D P; Man'ko, V I; Martin, M; Martínez, G; Maksimov, A; Mgebrishvili, G; Miake, Y; Mir, M F; Mishra, G C; Miyamoto, Y; Mohanty, B; Morrison, D; Mukhopadhyay, D S; Naef, H; Nandi, B K; Nayak, S K; Nayak, T K; Neumaier, S; Nyanin, A; Nikitin, V A; Nikolaev, S; Nilsson, P O; Nishimura, S; Nomokonov, V P; Nystrand, J; Obenshain, F E; Oskarsson, A; Otterlund, I; Pachr, M; Pavlyuk, S; Peitzmann, Thomas; Petracek, V; Pinganaud, W; Plasil, F; Von Poblotzki, U; Purschke, M L; Rak, J; Raniwala, R; Raniwala, S; Ramamurthy, V S; Rao, N K; Retière, F; Reygers, K; Roland, G; Rosselet, L; Rufanov, I A; Roy, C; Rubio, J M; Sako, H; Sambyal, S S; Santo, R; Sato, S; Schlagheck, H; Schmidt, H R; Schutz, Y; Shabratova, G; Shah, T H; Sibiryak, Yu; Siemiarczuk, T; Silvermyr, D; Sinha, B C; Slavin, N V; Söderström, K; Solomey, Nickolas; Sood, G; Sørensen, S P; Stankus, P; Stefanek, G; Steinberg, P; Stenlund, E; Stüken, D; Sumbera, M; Svensson, S; Trivedi, M D; Tsvetkov, A A; Tykarski, L; Urbahn, J; Van den Pijll, E C; van Eijndhoven, N; van Nieuwenhuizen, G J; Vinogradov, A; Viyogi, Y P; Vodopyanov, A S; Vörös, S; Wyslouch, B; Yagi, K; Yokota, Y; Young, G R

2002-01-01

20

InSAR Evidence for an active shallow thrust fault beneath the city of Spokane Washington, USA  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2001, a nearly five month long sequence of shallow, mostly small magnitude earthquakes occurred beneath the city of Spokane, a city with a population of about 200,000, in the state of Washington. During most of the sequence, the earthquakes were not well located because seismic instrumentation was sparse. Despite poor-quality locations, the earthquake hypocenters were likely very shallow, because residents near the city center both heard and felt many of the earthquakes. The combination of poor earthquake locations and a lack of known surface faults with recent movement make assessing the seismic hazards related to the earthquake swarm difficult. However, the potential for destruction from a shallow moderate-sized earthquake is high, for example Christchurch New Zealand in 2011, so assessing the hazard potential of a seismic structure involved in the Spokane earthquake sequence is important. Using interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from the European Space Agency ERS2 and ENVISAT satellites and the Canadian Space Agency RADARSAT-1, satellite we are able to show that slip on a shallow previously unknown thrust fault, which we name the Spokane Fault, is the source of the earthquake sequence. The part of the Spokane Fault that slipped during the 2001 earthquake sequence underlies the north part of the city, and slip on the fault was concentrated between ~0.3 and 2 km depth. Projecting the buried fault plane to the surface gives a possible surface trace for the Spokane Fault that strikes northeast from the city center into north Spokane.

Wicks, Chuck; Weaver, Craig S.; Bodin, Paul; Sherrod, Brian

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

Hobo Orator Union: Class Composition and the Spokane Free Speech Fight of the Industrial Workers of the World  

Science.gov (United States)

From 1909 to 1910, the public performance of soap-box oratory began to effect dramatic changes in the composition of migrant workers throughout the Pacific Northwest. Municipal authorities in Spokane attempted to curb the formation of a union of hobo orators by outlawing public speech-making within the city fire limits. The ensuing confrontation…

May, Matthew S.

2011-01-01

22

COLONIZATION OF BENTHIC INVERTEBRATES ON ARTIFICIAL SUBSTRATES IN THE SNAKE, SPOKANE, CLARK FORK, AND BEAR RIVER DRAINAGES, 1977  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted as part of a continuing monitoring program by the EPA on the physical, chemical, and biological parameters of waterways of the United States. The principal objective was to assess benthic invertebrate communities in the Snake, Spokane, Clark Fork, and Be...

23

Evidence for ?c??? and measurement of J/??3?  

Science.gov (United States)

The decay of J/? to three photons is studied using ?(3686)??+?-J/? in a sample of 1.0641×108 ?(3686) events collected with the BESIII detector. Evidence of the direct decay of ?c to two photons, ?c???, is reported, and the product branching fraction is determined to be B(J/????c,?c???)=(4.5±1.2±0.6)×10-6, where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic. The branching fraction for J/??3? is measured to be (11.3±1.8±2.0)×10-6 with improved precision.

Ablikim, M.; Achasov, M. N.; Ambrose, D. J.; An, F. F.; An, Q.; An, Z. H.; Bai, J. Z.; Ban, Y.; Becker, J.; Bennett, J. V.; Bertani, M.; Bian, J. M.; Boger, E.; Bondarenko, O.; Boyko, I.; Briere, R. A.; Bytev, V.; Cai, X.; Cakir, O.; Calcaterra, A.; Cao, G. F.; Cetin, S. A.; Chang, J. F.; Chelkov, G.; Chen, G.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, M. L.; Chen, S. J.; Chen, X.; Chen, Y. B.; Cheng, H. P.; Chu, Y. P.; Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Dai, H. L.; Dai, J. P.; Dedovich, D.; Deng, Z. Y.; Denig, A.; Denysenko, I.; Destefanis, M.; Ding, W. M.; Ding, Y.; Dong, L. Y.; Dong, M. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Fava, L.; Feldbauer, F.; Feng, C. Q.; Ferroli, R. B.; Fu, C. D.; Gao, Y.; Geng, C.; Goetzen, K.; Gong, W. X.; Gradl, W.; Greco, M.; Gu, M. H.; Gu, Y. T.; Guan, Y. H.; Guo, A. Q.; Guo, L. B.; Guo, Y. P.; Han, Y. L.; Hao, X. Q.; Harris, F. A.; He, K. L.; He, M.; He, Z. Y.; Held, T.; Heng, Y. K.; Hou, Z. L.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, J. F.; Hu, T.; Huang, G. M.; Huang, G. S.; Huang, J. S.; Huang, X. T.; Huang, Y. P.; Hussain, T.; Ji, C. S.; Ji, Q.; Ji, Q. P.; Ji, X. B.; Ji, X. L.; Jiang, L. L.; Jiang, X. S.; Jiao, J. B.; Jiao, Z.; Jin, D. P.; Jin, S.; Jing, F. F.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Kuehn, W.; Lai, W.; Lange, J. S.; Li, C. H.; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D. M.; Li, F.; Li, G.; Li, H. B.; Li, J. C.; Li, K.; Li, Lei; Li, Q. J.; Li, S. L.; Li, W. D.; Li, W. G.; Li, X. L.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, X. R.; Li, Z. B.; Liang, H.; Liang, Y. F.; Liang, Y. T.; Liao, G. R.; Liao, X. T.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, C. L.; Liu, C. X.; Liu, F. H.; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H.; Liu, H. B.; Liu, H. H.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, H. W.; Liu, J. P.; Liu, K.; Liu, K. Y.; Liu, Kai; Liu, P. L.; Liu, Q.; Liu, S. B.; Liu, X.; Liu, X. H.; Liu, Y. B.; Liu, Z. A.; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H.; Lu, G. R.; Lu, H. J.; Lu, J. G.; Lu, Q. W.; Lu, X. R.; Lu, Y. P.; Luo, C. L.; Luo, M. X.; Luo, T.; Luo, X. L.; Lv, M.; Ma, C. L.; Ma, F. C.; Ma, H. L.; Ma, Q. M.; Ma, S.; Ma, T.; Ma, X. Y.; Maas, F. E.; Maggiora, M.; Malik, Q. A.; Mao, Y. J.; Mao, Z. P.; Messchendorp, J. G.; Min, J.; Min, T. J.; Mitchell, R. E.; Mo, X. H.; Morales, C. Morales; Motzko, C.; Muchnoi, N. Yu.; Muramatsu, H.; Nefedov, Y.; Nicholson, C.; Nikolaev, I. B.; Ning, Z.; Olsen, S. L.; Ouyang, Q.; Pacetti, S.; Park, J. W.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peng, H. P.; Peters, K.; Ping, J. L.; Ping, R. G.; Poling, R.; Prencipe, E.; Qi, M.; Qian, S.; Qiao, C. F.; Qin, L. Q.; Qin, X. S.; Qin, Y.; Qin, Z. H.; Qiu, J. F.; Rashid, K. H.; Rong, G.; Ruan, X. D.; Sarantsev, A.; Schaefer, B. D.; Schulze, J.; Shao, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shen, X. Y.; Sheng, H. Y.; Shepherd, M. R.; Song, X. Y.; Spataro, S.; Spruck, B.; Sun, D. H.; Sun, G. X.; Sun, J. F.; Sun, S. S.; Sun, Y. J.; Sun, Y. Z.; Sun, Z. J.; Sun, Z. T.; Tang, C. J.; Tang, X.; Tapan, I.; Thorndike, E. H.; Toth, D.; Ullrich, M.; Varner, G. S.; Wang, B. Q.; Wang, D.; Wang, K.; Wang, L. L.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P. L.; Wang, Q. J.; Wang, S. G.; Wang, X. F.; Wang, X. L.; Wang, Y. D.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. G.; Wang, Z. Y.; Wei, D. H.; Weidenkaff, P.; Wen, Q. G.; Wen, S. P.; Werner, M.; Wiedner, U.; Wu, L. H.; Wu, N.; Wu, S. X.; Wu, W.; Wu, Z.; Xia, L. G.; Xiao, Z. J.; Xie, Y. G.; Xiu, Q. L.; Xu, G. F.; Xu, G. M.; Xu, Q. J.; Xu, Q. N.; Xu, X. P.; Xu, Z. R.; Xue, F.; Xue, Z.; Yan, L.; Yan, W. B.; Yan, Y. H.; Yang, H. X.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y. X.; Ye, H.; Ye, M.; Ye, M. H.; Yu, B. X.; Yu, C. X.; Yu, J. S.; Yu, S. P.; Yuan, C. Z.; Yuan, Y.; Zafar, A. A.; Zallo, A.; Zeng, Y.; Zhang, B. X.; Zhang, B. Y.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, D. H.; Zhang, H. H.; Zhang, H. Y.; Zhang, J. Q.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, J. Y.; Zhang, J. Z.; Zhang, R.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, X. J.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhao, G.; Zhao, H. S.; Zhao, J. W.; Zhao, K. X.; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M. G.; Zhao, Q.; Zhao, S. J.; Zhao, T. C.; Zhao, X. H.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zhao, Z. G.; Zhemchugov, A.; Zheng, B.; Zheng, J. P.; Zheng, Y. H.; Zhong, B.; Zhong, B.; Zhong, J.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, X. K.; Zhou, X. R.; Zhu, C.; Zhu, K.; Zhu, K. J.; Zhu, S. H.; Zhu, X. L.; Zhu, X. W.; Zhu, Y. C.; Zhu, Y. M.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. A.; Zhuang, J.; Zou, B. S.; Zou, J. H.

2013-02-01

24

Observations of CO J = 3 ? 2 emission from molecular clouds  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Extensive observations in the J = 3 ? 2 transition of carbon monoxide at 345 GHz (870 ?m) have been obtained using an indium anti-monide heterodyne spectral-line receiver with the United Kingdom 3.8-m Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) at Mauna Kea. Mapping observations of up to 1/2 deg"2 areas are reported towards the sources NGC 1333, 2023, 2024 and 2068. These maps, obtained with a 55-arcsec beam, reveal a number of new molecular hotspots as well as confirming the previous detection of molecular cool-spots. High-quality spectra have been obtained towards the self-absorbed sources NGC 1333 IRS-1, NGC 2071, Mon R2, AFGL 961 and DR 21. These spectra are similar to those observed in lower CO transitions, but there is a tendency for the redshifted wing to be enhanced in the J = 3 ? 2 transition. Spectral observations are also reported for L 1551/HH-29. Analysis of the variation of gas kinetic temperature around several of the mapped sources shows close agreement with the expected grain kinetic temperature, assuming these sources to be irradiated by single central stars of a spectral class similar to that estimated from other methods. The present data support the previous model (from CO J = 1 ? 0 data) for NGC 2071 and show it to be a rotating cloud. (author)

1981-01-01

25

Observations of CO J = 3 ? 2 emission from molecular clouds  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Observational studies of interstellar Carbon Monoxide have enabled astronomers to gather a wealth of information on the structure, energetics and kinematics of galactic molecular clouds. In this paper new data obtained using the 3.8 m United Kingdom Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) with the QMC and UKIRT submillimeter heterodyne receivers are reported. These cryogenic heterodyne systems have system noise temperatures varying between 270 K at 220 GHz and 400 K at 370 GHz. Spectra and maps have been obtained towards many galactic star formation regions (NGC 1333 (IRS-1), NGC 2071, Mon R2 and AFGL 961). Some of the observed data in the J = 1 ? 0, J = 2 ? 1 and J = 3 ? 2 CO transitions, where the data from lower transitions are collected from the literature using telescopes with similar beam sizes, are compared. (Auth.)

1981-06-26

26

Detailed geochemical study, Mount Spokane 15-minute quadrangle, Washington and Idaho  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This abbreviated data report presents results of ground water and stream sediment reconnaissance in the Mount Spokane quadrangle in eastern Washington and northwestern Idaho. Stream sediment samples were taken at 225 sites. Surface water samples were taken at 166 of these sites. Ground water samples were collected at 116 sites. Neutron activation analysis results are given for uranium and 16 other elements in sediment samples, and for uranium and nine other elements in water samples. Mass spectrometry results are given for helium in ground water. Field measurements and observations are reported for each site. Analytical data and field measurements are presented in tables and maps. Data from sediment sites (on microfiche, in pocket) include (1) water chemistry measurements from sites where water was available (pH, conductivity, and alkalinity), and (2) elemental analyses for sediment samples (U, Th, Hf, Al, Ce, Dy, Eu, Fe, La, Lu, Mn, Na, Sc, Sm, Ti, V, and Yb). Sample site descriptors (stream characteristics, vegetation, etc.) are also tabulated. Areal distribution maps, histograms, and cumulative frequency plots for the above elements, log U/Th, log U/Hf, log U/(Th + Hf), and scintillometer readings at sediment sample sites are included on the microfiche. Data from ground water sites (also on microfiche in pocket) include (1) water chemistry measurements (pH, conductivity, and alkalinity), (2) physical measurements, where applicable (water temperature, well description, and scintillometer reading), and (3) elemental analyses (U, Al, Br, Cl, Dy, F, Mg, Mn, Na, and V). Helium analyses are given for ground water. Data from surface water sites (also on microfiche in pocket) include (1) water quality measurements (pH, conductivity, and alkalinity) and (2) elemental analyses

1982-01-01

27

Event simulation for the WA80 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The HIJET and LUND event generators are compared. It is concluded that for detector construction and design of experimental setups, the differences between the two models are marginal. The coverage of the WA80 setup in pseudorapidity and energy is demonstrated. The performance of some of the WA80 detectors (zero-degree calorimeter, wall calorimeter, multiplicity array, and SAPHIR lead-glass detector) is evaluated based on calculations with the LUND or the HIJET codes combined with codes simulating the detector responses. 9 refs., 3 figs

1986-04-13

28

Event simulation for the WA80 experiment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The HIJET and LUND event generators are compared. It is concluded that for detector construction and design of experimental setups, the differences between the two models are marginal. The coverage of the WA80 setup in pseudorapidity and energy is demonstrated. The performance of some of the WA80 detectors (zero-degree calorimeter, wall calorimeter, multiplicity array, and SAPHIR lead-glass detector) is evaluated based on calculations with the LUND or the HIJET codes combined with codes simulating the detector responses. 9 refs., 3 figs.

Sorensen, S.P.

1986-01-01

29

Reduction of matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression by culture filtrate of Paecilomyces farinosus J3  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-tumor effects of a culture filtrate of Paecilomyces farinosus J3. Various anti-tumor assays using B16 melanoma cells were carried out. Paecilomyces farinosus J3 significantly decreased the wound healing capability, invasiveness and angiogenic activity, which was confirmed by wound healing, human umbilical vein endothelial cell and invasion assays. Paecilomyces farinosus J3 strongly inhibited cell migration, tube formation and the angiog...

Lee, Hyun-jin; Park, Chul-hong; Son, Hyung-u; Heo, Jin-chul; Nam, Sung-hee; Lee, Kwang-gil; Yeo, Joo-hong; Yoon, Cheol-sik; Kim, Jong-myeung; Shin, Yong-kyu; Kim, Si-oh; Lee, Sang-han

2011-01-01

30

{Omega}{sup -} signal in WA85  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We have extracted from the full WA85 1990 data set a sample of 14 {Omega}{sup -}+anti {Omega}{sup -} candidates. We describe the selection criteria, and give a measurement of the anti {Omega}{sup -}/{Omega}{sup -} ratio at central rapidity and p{sub T}>1.6 GeV/c. (orig.)

Antinori, F. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Abatzis, S.; Andrighetto, A.; Barnes, R.P.; Bayes, A.C.; Benayoun, M.; Beusch, W.; Bravar, A.; Carney, J.N.; Cruz, B. de la; Di Bari, D.; Dufey, J.P.; Davies, J.P.; Elia, D.; Evans, D.; Fini, R.; French, B.R.; Ghidini, B.; Girone, M.; Helstrup, H.; Holme, A.K.; Jacholkowski, A.; Kahane, J.; Kinson, J.B.; Kirk, A.; Knudson, K.; Lassalle, J.C.; Lenti, V.; Leruste, P.; Manzari, V.; Navach, F.; Narjoux, J.L.; Penzo, A.; Quercigh, E.; Rossi, L.; Safarik, K.; Sene, M.; Sene, R.; Vassiliadis, G.; Villalobos Baillie, O.; Volte, A.; Vortruba, M.F. [Athens Univ., Nuclear Physics Dept. (Greece)]|[Dipt. di Fisica, Univ. Bari (Italy)]|[INFN, Bari (Italy)]|[Bergen Univ. (Norway)]|[Birmingham Univ. (United Kingdom)]|[CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)]|[College de France, 75 - Paris (France)]|[IN2P3, 75 - Paris (France)]|[CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)]|[INFN, Trieste (Italy); WA85 Collaboration

1994-01-03

31

IKAR, a ionization chamber for WA9  

CERN Multimedia

This ionization chamber arrived at CERN from Leningrad for a high precision study of hadron elastic scattering by a CERN-Clermont-Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon-Uppsala Collaboration in the H3 beam (WA9). G.A. Korolev (third from right) looks at the drawings.

1976-01-01

32

Electromagnetic calorimeter trigger for the WA91 and WA92 experiments  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The design of an electromagnetic calorimeter trigger in the WA91 and WA92 experiments at the CERN ?-spectrometer is presented. The electromagnetic calorimeter trigger system in the WA91 experiment has been developed on the basis of 16 CAMAC analog adders. It has been used to trigger on centrally produced meson states decaying into ?0- and ?-mesons. The trigger required one or more ?s with energy E > 2 GeV. Programmable fast electronic modules were designed to build the calorimeter trigger system in the WA92 experiment. It selected events with high transverse electromagnetic energy ET in order to study B-meson decays with ?0s and electrons in the final state. The trigger required two or more electromagnetic showers with ET > 0.5 GeV. This criterion resulted in a trigger rate of 3% of the interaction trigger while keeping 25% of the beauty particles. 8 refs., 8 figs

1995-01-01

33

77 FR 28767 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1625-AA09 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...drawbridge operating regulation for the Hood Canal floating drawbridge near Port Gamble...entitled Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA in the Federal Register...

2012-05-16

34

AN EXAMINATION OF THE NUTRIENT AND HEAVY METALS BUDGET IN THE SPOKANE RIVER BETWEEN POST FALLS AND HANGMANS CREEK, IDAHO. 1979-1981  

Science.gov (United States)

High concentrations of heavy metals and the nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus are major water quality problems in the Spokane River, Idaho (17010305) and its tributaries. Heavy metals are in quantity sufficiently high to exceed the 24-hour average criterion given by the USEPA (1...

35

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL WATER QUALITY OF THE SPOKANE RIVER OUTLET REACH OF LAKE COEUR D'ALENE, KOOTENAI COUNTY, IDAHO. 1990 AND 1991  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Idaho conducted a water quality study on the Spokane River outlet arm of Lake Coeur dAlene (17010305, 17010303) from June 1990 through September 1991. Objectives of the study were: to characterize baseline river water quality; to determine seasonal river water ...

36

Recent results from the WA98 experiment  

CERN Document Server

Recent results of the WA98 experiment with Pb induced reactions at 158.A GeV are presented. The scaling properties of the transverse energy and the charged particle multiplicity at midrapidity with the number of participants is studied. Neutral pion spectra are compared to hydrodynamical parameterizations. The analysis of collective flow at target rapidity and at midrapidity is presented. The status of the study of direct photons and the search for isospin fluctuations is discussed. (30 refs).

Peitzmann, Thomas; Agnihotri, A; Ahammed, Z; Angelis, Aris L S; Antonenko, V G; Arefev, V; Astakhov, V A; Avdeichikov, V; Awes, T C; Baba, P V K S; Badyal, S K; Baldin, A; Barabash, L; Barlag, C; Bathe, S; Batyunya, B; Bernier, T; Bhalla, K B; Bhatia, V S; Blume, C; Bohne, E M; Bucher, D; Buijs, A; Büsching, H; Carlén, L; Chalyshev, V; Chattopadhyay, S; Cherbachev, R; Chujo, T; Claussen, A; Das, A C; Decowski, M P; Delagrange, H; Dzhordzhadze, V; Dönni, P; Dubovik, I; Dutt, S K; Dutta-Majumdar, M R; El-Chenawi, K F; Eliseev, S; Enosawa, K; Foka, P Y; Fokin, S L; Frolov, V; Ganti, M S; Garpman, S I A; Gavrishchuk, O P; Geurts, F J M; Ghosh, T K; Glasow, R; Sen-Gupta, S K; Guskov, B; Gustafsson, Hans Åke; Gutbrod, H H; Higuchi, R; Hrivnacova, I; Ippolitov, M S; Kalechofsky, H; Kamermans, R; Kampert, K H; Karadzhev, K; Karpio, K; Kato, S; Kim, H; Kolb, B W; Kosarev, I G; Kucheryaev, I; Kugler, A; Kulinich, P A; Kurata, M; Kurita, K; Kuzmin, N A; Langbein, I; Lebedev, A; Lee, Y Y; Löhner, H; Luquin, Lionel; Mahapatra, D P; Man'ko, V I; Martin, M; Martínez, G; Maksimov, A; Mehdiyev, R; Mgebrishvili, G; Miake, Y; Mikhalev, D; Mir, M F; Mishra, G C; Miyamoto, Y; Mohanty, B; Morrison, D; Mukhopadhyay, D S; Myalkovskii, V; Naef, H; Nandi, B K; Nayak, S K; Nayak, T K; Neumaier, S; Nyanin, A; Nikitin, V A; Nikolaev, S; Nilsson, P O; Nishimura, S; Nomokonov, V P; Nystrand, J; Obenshain, F E; Oskarsson, A; Otterlund, I; Pachr, M; Parfenov, A; Pavlyuk, S; Petracek, V; Plasil, F; Pinganaud, W; Purschke, M L; Räven, B; Rak, J; Raniwala, R; Raniwala, S; Ramamurthy, V S; Rao, N K; Retière, F; Reygers, K; Roland, G; Rosselet, L; Rufanov, I A; Roy, C; Rubio, J M; Sako, H; Sambyal, S S; Santo, R; Sato, S; Schlagheck, H; Schmidt, H R; Schutz, Y; Shabratova, G; Shah, T H; Sibiryak, Yu; Siemiarczuk, T; Silvermyr, D; Sinha, B C; Slavin, N V; Söderström, K; Solomey, Nickolas; Sørensen, S P; Stankus, P; Stefanek, G; Steinberg, P; Stenlund, E; Sumbera, M; Svensson, T; Trivedi, M D; Tsvetkov, A A; Tykarski, L; Urbahn, J; Van den Pijll, E C; van Eijndhoven, N; van Nieuwenhuizen, G J; Vinogradov, A; Viyogi, Y P; Vodopyanov, A S; Vörös, S; Wyslouch, B; Yagi, K; Yokota, Y; Young, G R

1999-01-01

37

Experiment WA1 (CDHS Neutrino Experiment)  

CERN Multimedia

Experiment WA1, also known under CDHS (CERN, Dortmund, Heidelberg, Saclay; spokesman Jack Steinberger), was the first neutrino experiment on the SPS, in its West Area. Magnetized iron (with a toroidal field) forms the core of the detector. On its outside we see drift chambers and photomultipliers (detecting the light from the plastic scintillators further in). Peter Schilly is wearing a white coat. See also CERN Annual Report 1976, p.57.

1977-01-01

38

Results from the WA80 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results from the WA80 experiment on transverse energy production, proton and neutral pion distributions in 60 and 200 AxGeV heavy ion reactions are presented. Energy density estimates are given. The target dependence of the transverse energy produced in the target region is investigated. Proton distributions at target rapidity are compared with a model containing an intra-nuclear cascade. The differences between the ?0 pT spectra in central and peripheral collisions are shown. (orig.)

1990-08-01

39

Recent results from the WA98 experiment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Recent results of the WA98 experiment with Pb induced reactions at 158. A GeV are presented. The scaling properties of the transverse energy and the charged particle multiplicity at midrapidity with the number of participants is studied. Neutral pion spectra are compared to hydrodynamical parameterizations. The analysis of collective flow at target rapidity and at midrapidity is presented. The status of the study of direct photons and the search for isospin fluctuations is discussed.

Peitzmann, T.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Agnihotri, A.; Ahammed, Z.; Angelis, A.L.S.; Antonenko, V.; Arefiev, V.; Astakhov, V.; Avdeitchikov, V.; Awes, T.C.; Baba, P.V.K.S.; Badyal, S.K.; Baldine, A.; Barabach, L.; Barlag, C.; Bathe, S.; Batiounia, B.; Bernier, T.; Bhalla, K.B.; Bhatia, V.S.; Blume, C.; Bohne, E.-M.; Bucher, D.; Buijs, A.; Buesching, H.; Carlen, L.; Chalyshev, V.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Cherbatchev, R.; Chujo, T.; Claussen, A.; Das, A.C.; Decowski, M.P.; Delagrange, H.; Djordjadze, V.; Donni, P.; Doubovik, I.; Dutt, S.; Dutta Majumdar, M.R.; El Chenawi, K.; Eliseev, S.; Enosawa, K.; Foka, P.; Fokin, S.; Frolov, V.; Ganti, M.S.; Garpman, S.; Gavrishchuk, O.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Ghosh, T.K.; Glasow, R.; Gupta, S.K.; Guskov, B.; Gustafsson, H.A.; Gutbrod, H.H.; Higuchi, R.; Hrivnacova, I.; Ippolitov, M.; Kalechofsky, H.; Kamermans, R.; Kampert, K.-H.; Karadjev, K.; Karpio, K.; Kato, S.; Kim, H.; Kolb, B.W.; Kosarev, I.; Koutcheryaev, I.; Kugler, A.; Kulinich, P.; Kurata, M.; Kurita, K.; Kuzmin, N.; Langbein, I.; Lebedev, A.; Lee, Y.Y.; Loehner, H.; Luquin, L.; Mahapatra, D.P.; Manko, V.; Martin, M.; Martinez, G.; Maximov, A.; Mehdiyev, R.; Mgebrichvili, G.; Miake, Y.; Mikhalev, D.; Mir, Md.F.; Mishra, G.C.; Miyamoto, Y.; Mohanty, B.; Morrison, D.; Mukhopadhyay, D.S.; Myalkovski, V.; Naef, H.; Nandi, B.K.; Nayak, S.K.; Nayak, T.K.; Neumaier, S.; Nianine, A.; Nikitine, V.; Nikolaev, S.; Nilsson, P.; Nishimura, S.; Nomokonov, P.; Nystrand, J.; Obenshain, F.E.; Oskarsson, A.; Otterlund, I.; Pachr, M.; Parfenov, A.; Pavliouk, S.; Petracek, V.; Plasil, F.; Pinganaud, W.; Purschke, M.L.; Raeven, B.; Rak, J.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ramamurthy, V.S.; Rao, N.K.; Retiere, F.; Reygers, K.; Roland, G.; Rosselet, L.; Roufanov, I.; Roy, C.; Rubio, J.M.; Sako, H.; Sambyal, S.S.; Santo, R.; Sato, S.; Schlagheck, H.; Schmidt, H.-R.; Schutz, Y.; Shabratova, G.; Shah, T.H.; Sibiriak, I.; Siemiarczuk, T.; Silvermyr, D.; Sinha, B.C.; Slavine, N.; Soederstroem, K. [and others

1999-12-27

40

Recent results from CERN-WA98  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The CERN experiment WA98 is a general-survey, open-spectrometer experiment designed to examine 160 A GeV/c Pb+A collisions at the CERN-SPS. The experiment has a broad physics agenda, as suggested by its many different subsystems. A diagram of the experiment as it stood in 1995 is shown in the report. Detectors whose results are presented here are described briefly

1997-02-01

 
 
 
 
41

Recent results from the WA98 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recent results of the WA98 experiment with Pb induced reactions at 158. A GeV are presented. The scaling properties of the transverse energy and the charged particle multiplicity at midrapidity with the number of participants is studied. Neutral pion spectra are compared to hydrodynamical parameterizations. The analysis of collective flow at target rapidity and at midrapidity is presented. The status of the study of direct photons and the search for isospin fluctuations is discussed

1999-12-27

42

Nutrient value protein of mutant J3 of agaricus blazei by irradiation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The studies of nutrient value protein of mutant J3 of Agaricus blazei were carried out. The results showed that mutant J3 had 9 kinds of essential amino acids, the compositions of essential amino acids is 46.0% of total amino acids. The amino acid score is 94.5, the essential amino acid index is 92.4, biological value is 89.0, the ratio coefficient of amino acids is 72.3, the nutrient value is 32.5. The chemical score is 74.18. These results proved that the protein of mutant J3 had high nutrient value

2003-02-01

43

FSXLIB-J3: MCNP continuous energy cross section library based on JENDL-3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The general purpose evaluated nuclear data file, JENDL-3, which was newly evaluated at Japan was released to apply the fusion reactor area and so on. The MCNP continuous energy cross section library, FSXLIB-J3, has been prepared from JENDL-3 for the fusion neutronics application. The FSXLIB-J3 library was produced by the nuclear data processing system, NJOY, and the library compiling and confirming code for the MCNP library, MACROS. The confidence of this library was established by the comparison and comfirmation between original JENDL-3 and the cross section data in library. This report describes the format of MCNP cross section library, the production procedure of FSXLIB-J3, the usage of the MACROS code and the confirmation of FSXLIB-J3. (author)

1991-01-01

44

Generation and verification of the multigroup constants library MGCL-J3 for nuclear criticality calculations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The new multigroup constants library called MGCL-J3 was generated from the latest Japanese evaluated nuclear data library JENDL-3. The library includes P_3-scattering data and h-table to compensate for the effect of moderator mass on the resonance self-shielding factor (f-factor) due to the Bondarenko's method. Although MGCL-J3 has more information than MGCL-B-IV which was produced from American evaluated nuclear file ENDF/B-IV, it requires less memory space. MGCL-J3 can only be processed with the computer program MAIL3.0, which outputs a cross section set in a format adequate for subsequent neutron transport programs such as ANISN, KENO IV and so on. This report describes features of the MGCL-J3 library compared with the MGCL-B-IV, the method for generating the library and some results of criticality calculation by using the new library. (author)

1993-01-01

45

J3Gen: A PRNG for Low-Cost Passive RFID  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pseudorandom number generation (PRNG is the main security tool in low-cost passive radio-frequency identification (RFID technologies, such as EPC Gen2. We present a lightweight PRNG design for low-cost passive RFID tags, named J3Gen. J3Gen is based on a linear feedback shift register (LFSR configured with multiple feedback polynomials. The polynomials are alternated during the generation of sequences via a physical source of randomness. J3Gen successfully handles the inherent linearity of LFSR based PRNGs and satisfies the statistical requirements imposed by the EPC Gen2 standard. A hardware implementation of J3Gen is presented and evaluated with regard to different design parameters, defining the key-equivalence security and nonlinearity of the design. The results of a SPICE simulation confirm the power-consumption suitability of the proposal.

Jordi Herrera-Joancomartí

2013-03-01

46

78 FR 40960 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...3, all crossing the Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA. The deviation is...3, all crossing the Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA. The requested...

2013-07-09

47

78 FR 39591 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...3, all crossing the Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA. The deviation is...3, all crossing the Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA. The requested...

2013-07-02

48

Preparation (in Hall 168)of the WA1 apparatus.  

CERN Multimedia

The neutrino experiment WA1 at the SPS consists of 19 modules of magnetized iron in which layers of scintillators are inserted. Drift chambers placed between the modules will complete the detector. On the left, Peter Schilly

1976-01-01

49

BENTHIC MACROFAUNA-HABITAT RELATIONSHIPS IN WILLAPA BAY, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Benthic macrofauna-habitat relationships were determined estuary-wide in Willapa Bay, WA for four intertidal habitats ((1) eelgrass, Zostera marina, (2) Atlantic cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora, (3) ghost shrimp, Neotrypaea californiensis, (4) mud shrimp, Upogebia pugettensis) i...

50

Quantum phases of the planar antiferromagnetic J1-J2-J3 Heisenberg model  

Science.gov (United States)

We present results for a complementary analysis of the frustrated planar J1-J2-J3 spin-1/2 quantum antiferromagnet (AFM). Using dynamical functional renormalization group, high-order-coupled cluster calculations, and series expansion based on the flow equation method, we have calculated generalized momentum-resolved susceptibilities, the ground-state energy, the magnetic-order parameter, and the elementary excitation gap. From these, we determine a quantum phase diagram that shows a large window of a quantum paramagnetic (QP) phase situated among the Néel, spiral, and collinear states, which are present already in the classical J1-J2-J3 AFM. Our findings are consistent with substantial plaquette correlations in the QP phase. The extent of the QP region is found to be in satisfying agreement between the three different approaches we have employed.

Reuther, Johannes; Wölfle, Peter; Darradi, Rachid; Brenig, Wolfram; Arlego, Marcelo; Richter, Johannes

2011-02-01

51

Double-resonance study of predissociation of the j3?/sub g/ state of H2  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A photoionization-photodissociation double-resonance technique has been employed to excite transitions from selected rovibrational levels of the metastable c 3Pi/sub u/- state to the rapidly predissociated j 3?/sub g/ state of H2. The photodissociation resonances arise from the configuration interaction between the j 3?/sub g/ and i 3Pi/sub g/ states, and exhibit the asymmetry of Fano-Beutler profiles. These resonances have widths that decrease with increasing v' from 29 to 10 cm/sup -1/; calculated predissociation widths show the same vibrational trend but are consistently 30% smaller. Results have been obtained for the rovibrational energy spacings of high-v levels within each state, and are in good agreement with theory. Photon energies for the c-to-j state transitions are slightly larger than those predicted theoretically

1988-10-01

52

Spin transport and spin Hall effect in J = 3 / 2 semiconductor systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We study hole spin transport in semiconductor systems with total angular momentum J = 3/2. By deriving an expression for the polarisation vector we show that the in-plane polarisation vanishes whenever only heavy hole channels are open in the leads. We further derive a set of constraints on the spin transport through a symmetry analysis and study the hole spin Hall effect in the presence of randomly distributed scatterers

2007-03-01

53

Cardioprotection of Shenfu preparata on cardiac myocytes through cytochrome P450 2J3  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether Shenfu injection (SFI protects against cardiac myocyte injury induced by Fupian injection (FPI in vitro.METHODS: H9c2 cells were separately treated with FPI, Renshen injection (RSI and SFI. Cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH release, spontaneous beating rate of primative cardical cells, caspase-3/7 activity, cell apoptosis, and cytochrome P450 2J3 (CYP2J3 mRNA expression were analyzed.RESULTS: The viability of H9c2 cells treated with SFI (37 and 75 mg/mL was significantly higher than that of H9c2 cells treated with FPI (25 and 50 mg/mL (P<0.05, P<0.01, respectively. LDH activity of H9c2 cells treated with SFI (75 mg/mL was significantly decreased (P<0.01 compared with that of H9c2 cells treated with FPI (50 mg/mL. SFI (150 mg/mL significantly attenuated FPI (100 mg/mL-induced spontaneous beating rate decrease in primary myocardial cells after 4-hour treatment. Compared with FPI (12 and 25 mg/mL, SFI (18 and 37 mg/mL treatment could effectively reverse the change of caspase-3/7 activity (P<0.01 and P<0.01, respectively. Compared with FPI (6 and 25 mg/mL, apoptotic cells decreased signi?cantly (P<0.05, P<0.01, respectively when H9c2 cells were incubated with SFI (9 and 37 mg/mL. The expression of CYP2J3 mRNA was down-regulated by FPI, while RSI and SFI could up-regulate the expression of CYP2J3 (P<0.01, which suggested the potential mechanism of protection of RSI against cardiac myocyte damage induced by FPI treatment.CONCLUSION: These observations indicate that SFI has the potential to exert cardioprotective effects against FPI toxicity. The effect was possibly correlated with the activation of CYP2J3.

Yong Xiao

2013-09-01

54

AN EXTRAGALACTIC 12CO J = 3-2 SURVEY WITH THE HEINRICH HERTZ TELESCOPE  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present results of a 12CO J = 3-2 survey of 125 nearby galaxies obtained with the 10 m Heinrich Hertz Telescope, with the aim to characterize the properties of warm and dense molecular gas in a large variety of environments. With an angular resolution of 22'', 12CO 3-2 emission was detected in 114 targets. Based on 61 galaxies observed with equal beam sizes the 12CO 3-2/1-0 integrated line intensity ratio R31 is found to vary from 0.2 to 1.9, with an average value of 0.81. No correlations are found for R31 to Hubble-type and far-infrared luminosity. Possible indications for a correlation with inclination angle and the 60 ?m/100 ?m color temperature of the dust are not significant. Higher R31 ratios than in 'normal' galaxies, hinting at enhanced molecular excitation, may be found in galaxies hosting active galactic nuclei. Even higher average values are determined for galaxies with bars or starbursts, the latter being identified by the ratio of infrared luminosity versus isophotal area, log [(LFIR/Lsun)/(D 225/kpc2)] > 7.25. (U)LIRGs are found to have the highest averaged R31 value. This may be a consequence of particularly vigorous star formation activity, triggered by galaxy interaction and merger events. The nuclear CO luminosities are slightly sublinearly correlated with the global FIR luminosity in both the 12CO J = 3-2 and the 1-0 lines. The slope of the log-log plots rises with compactness of the respective galaxy sub-sample, indicating a higher average density and a larger fraction of thermalized gas in distant luminous galaxies. While linear or sublinear correlations for the 12CO J = 3-2 line can be explained, if the bulk of the observed J = 3-2 emission originates from the molecular gas with densities below the critical one, the case of the 12CO J = 1-0 line with its small critical density remains a puzzle.

2010-12-01

55

Gas and dust in NGC 7469: sub-mm imaging and CO J=3-2  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We present sensitive sub-mm imaging of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 7469 at 850 $\\mu $m and 450 $\\mu $m with the Submillimetre Common User Bolometer Array (SCUBA) on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) and ^{12}CO J=3-2 line observations of its central starbursting region. The global dust spectrum, as constrained by the new set of sub-mm data and available 1.30 mm and IRAS 100 $\\mu $m, 60 $\\mu $m data reveals a dominant warm dust component with a temperature of $\\rm T_{\\rm ...

Papadopoulos, Padeli P.; Allen, Michael L.

2000-01-01

56

CO J = 3 -> 2 observations of translucent and high-latitude molecular clouds  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Measurements were carried out on the CO J = 3-2 emission line at 345 GHz from a number of translucent and high-latitude molecular clouds, as well as on the J = 2-1 and J = 1-0 lines of both the (C-12)O and (C-13)O. It is shown that the physical conditions in the high-latitude clouds are very similar to those in the translucent clouds. The densities derived from measured (C-12)O 1-0/3-2 ratios were often found to be higher than those based on the C2 excitation, while densities derived from mea...

1991-01-01

57

The Application of Eulan WA New to Wool.  

Science.gov (United States)

Conditions for maximum efficiency of application to wool of the mothproofing compound, Eulan WA new, have been determined. These are that the cloth shall be neutral to slightly acidic, the application bath should have a pH between 4.0 and 7.0 at a tempera...

G. T. Egglestone G. Southwell

1977-01-01

58

77 FR 12514 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1625-AA09 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...drawbridge operating regulation for the Hood Canal floating drawbridge near Port Gamble...requested that the operating regulations of the Hood Canal Bridge be changed to provide...

2012-03-01

59

76 FR 26182 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1625-AA09 Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Hood Canal, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...regulation governing the operation of the Hood Canal floating drawbridge near Port Gamble...requested that the operating regulations of the Hood Canal Bridge be changed in order to...

2011-05-06

60

CO J = 3-2 observations of translucent and high-latitude molecular clouds  

Science.gov (United States)

Measurements were carried out on the CO J = 3-2 emission line at 345 GHz from a number of translucent and high-latitude molecular clouds, as well as on the J = 2-1 and J = 1-0 lines of both the (C-12)O and (C-13)O. It is shown that the physical conditions in the high-latitude clouds are very similar to those in the translucent clouds. The densities derived from measured (C-12)O 1-0/3-2 ratios were often found to be higher than those based on the C2 excitation, while densities derived from measured 3-2/(C-13)O 1-0 ratios were similar to those based on C2.

Van Dishoeck, Ewine F.; Phillips, T. G.; Black, John H.; Gredel, R.

1991-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

CO J = 3-2 observations of translucent and high-latitude molecular clouds  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Measurements were carried out on the CO J = 3-2 emission line at 345 GHz from a number of translucent and high-latitude molecular clouds, as well as on the J = 2-1 and J = 1-0 lines of both the (C-12)O and (C-13)O. It is shown that the physical conditions in the high-latitude clouds are very similar to those in the translucent clouds. The densities derived from measured (C-12)O 1-0/3-2 ratios were often found to be higher than those based on the C2 excitation, while densities derived from measured 3-2/(C-13)O 1-0 ratios were similar to those based on C2. 70 refs

1991-01-01

62

CO J = 3 ? 2 and J = 2 ? 1 observations of the Kleinmann-Low nebula  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An area of sky centred on the Kleinmann-Low nebula has been mapped in the J = 3 ? 2 and J = 2 ? 1 lines of CO. There appears evidence for asymmetry of the 'pedestal' emission to the west of the source centre, probably indicative of an irregular mass distribution. This is discussed in the context of two models of the high-velocity gas, namely high-velocity nonisotropic outflow, and rotation within a compact cloud. Although the present observations do not enable us to discriminate between these, the presence of optically thin CO emission in this source is shown to lead to severe structural constraints on any rotational model. The suggestion that such a model may also lead to an over-abundance of high-velocity stars is not verified by the present analyses. (author)

1982-01-01

63

75 FR 41774 - Proposed Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...surface airspace and modify existing Class E airspace at Deer Park Airport, Deer Park, WA, to accommodate aircraft using the...

2010-07-19

64

Spokane NTMS 10 x 20 quadrangle area, Washington-Idaho-Montana. Supplemental data report: National Uranium Resource Evaluation program, hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Supplemental analytical results for stram sediments, ground water, and surface water are presented. The samples were collected as part of the SRL-NURE reconnaissance in the National Topographic Map Series (NTMS) Spokane 10 x 20 quadrangle. Results are reported for 23 elements (Ag, As, Ba, Be, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, K, Li, Mg, Mo, Nb, Ni, P, Pb, Se, Sn, Sr, W, Y, Zn, and extractable U) in sediments and 31 elements (Ag, Al, As, B, Ba, Be, Ca, Ce, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Nb, Ni, P, Sc, Se, Si, Sr, Th, Ti, V, Y, Zn, and Zr) in waters. Field data and Neutron Activation Analyses for uranium and 16 other elements in sediments and for uranium and nine other elements in water have been open-filed in SRL document DPST-80-146-15

1980-01-01

65

77 FR 26699 - Safety Zone; Coast Guard Exercise, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Coast Guard Exercise, Hood Canal, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...Guard Ready for Operations exercise in Hood Canal, WA that will take place between...RFO) exercise in the northern part of Hood Canal, WA. During the exercise,...

2012-05-07

66

76 FR 70649 - Safety Zone; Department of Defense Exercise, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Zone; Department of Defense Exercise, Hood Canal, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...in a Department of Defense exercise in Hood Canal, WA that will take place on November...training exercise in the northern part of Hood Canal, WA. During the exercise,...

2011-11-15

67

75 FR 61609 - Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...and amend existing Class E airspace at Deer Park, WA, to accommodate aircraft using...Instrument Approach Procedures (SIAPs) at Deer Park, WA. This will improve the...

2010-10-06

68

Wide field CO J = 3¿2 mapping of the Serpens Cloud Core  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Context. Outflows provide indirect means to get an insight on diverse star formation associated phenomena. On scales of individual protostellar cores, outflows combined with intrinsic core properties can be used to study the mass accretion/ejection process of heavily embedded protostellar sources. Aims. The main objective of the paper is to study the overall outflow distribution and association with the young population of the Serpens Core cluster. In addition, the paper addresses the correlation of the outflow momentum flux with the bolometric luminosity of their driving sources using this homogeneous dataset for a single star forming site. Methods. An area comprising 460''�230'' of the Serpens cloud core has been mapped in 12CO J = 3¿2 with the HARP-B heterodyne array at the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope; J = 3¿2 observations are more sensitive tracers of hot outflow gas than lower J CO transitions; combined with the high sensitivity of the HARP-B receptors outflows are sharply outlined, enabling their association with individual protostellar cores. Results. Most of ~20 observed outflows are found to be associated with known protostellar sources in bipolar or unipolar config- urations. All but two outflow/core pairs in our sample tend to have a projected orientation spanning roughly NW-SE. The overall momentum driven by outflows in Serpens lies between 3.2 and 5.1 � 10-1 M¿km s-1, the kinetic energy from 4.3 to 6.7 � 1043 erg and momentum flux is between 2.8 and 4.4 � 10-4 M¿ km s-1 yr-1. Bolometric luminosities of protostellar cores based on Spitzer photometry are found up to an order of magnitude lower than previous estimations derived with IRAS/ISO data. Conclusions. We confirm the validity of the existing correlations between the momentum flux and bolometric luminosity of Class I sources for the homogenous sample of Serpens, though we suggest that they should be revised by a shift to lower luminosities. All protostars classified as Class 0 sources stand well above the known Class I correlations, indicating a decline in momentum flux between the two classes.

Dionatos, Odyssefs; Nisini, Brunella

2010-01-01

69

A CO J = 3-2 map of M51 with HARP-B: radial properties of the spiral structure  

Science.gov (United States)

We present the first complete CO J = 3-2 map of the nearby grand-design spiral galaxy M51 (NGC 5194), at a spatial resolution of ˜600 pc, obtained with the HARP-B instrument on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. The map covers the entire optical galaxy disc and out to the companion NGC 5195, with CO J = 3-2 emission detected over an area of ˜9 arcmin × 6 arcmin (˜21 × 14 kpc). We describe the CO J = 3-2 integrated intensity map and combine our results with maps of CO J = 2-1, CO J = 1-0 and other data from the literature to investigate the variation of the molecular gas, atomic gas and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) properties of M51 as a function of distance along the spiral structure on sub-kiloparsec scales. We find that for the CO J = 3-2 and CO J = 2-1 transitions, there is a clear difference between the variation of arm and interarm emission with galactocentric radius, with the interarm emission relatively constant with radius and the contrast between arm and interarm emission decreasing with radius. For the CO J = 1-0 line and H I emission, the variation with radius shows a similar trend for the arm and interarm regions, and the arm-interarm contrast appears relatively constant with radius. We investigate the variation of CO line ratios (J = 3-2/2-1, J = 2-1/1-0 and J = 3-2/1-0) as a function of distance along the spiral structure. Line ratios are consistent with the range of typical values for other nearby galaxies in the literature. The highest CO J = 3-2/J = 2-1 line ratios are found in the central ˜1 kiloparsec and in the spiral arms and the lowest line ratios in the interarm regions. We find no clear evidence of a trend with radius for the spiral arms, but for the interarm regions there appears to be a trend for all CO line ratios to increase with radius. We find a strong relationship between the ratio of CO J = 3-2 intensity to stellar-continuum-subtracted 8 ?m PAH surface brightness and the CO J = 3-2 intensity that appears to vary with radius.

Vlahakis, C.; van der Werf, P.; Israel, F. P.; Tilanus, R. P. J.

2013-08-01

70

Nuclear group constant set FUSION-J3 for fusion reactor nuclear calculations based on JENDL-3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Based on evaluated nuclear data file JENDL-3, published in April 1990, we produced a nuclear group constant set 'FUSION-J3' for fusion reactor nuclear calculation by ANISN code instead of GICX40 produced in 1977. The set FUSION-J3 is the coupled group constant set with neutron 125 and gamma-ray 40 group structure, and has the maximum order of 5 as Legendre expansion in scattering cross section. Forty nuclides included in FUSION-J3 can be used in fusion reactor nuclear calculations. Considering mobility in two-dimensional calculations and fixed group structure in induced activity calculation code system as the GICX40 structure, we composed also FUSION-40 group constant set with neutron 42 group and gamma-ray 21 group structure. The set FUSION-40 includes the same maximum order of the Legendre expansion and the same nuclides as FUSION-J3. From the results in experimental analysis and benchmark calculations, it became proved that JENDL-3 is at higher level of accuracy than ENDF/B-IV and -V. The set FUSION-J3 can be clear applicable to fusion reactor nuclear calculations. (author)

1991-01-01

71

Beam current transformer (BCT) for experiment WA1/2  

CERN Multimedia

In experiment WA1/2, a 400 GeV proton beam from the SPS was directed at a target, downstream of which a hadron line selected, in several narrow momentum bands, a beam of either pi+ and K+ or pi- and K-. These neutrino-parent particles, before entering a 292 m long decay tunnel, passed through a set of 2 BCTs of a design seen here. They measured the hadron intensity (10^10 to 10^11 particles/pulse) with a precision of the order of 1%. There were 2 of them, for enhanced precision and confidence. After the discovery of neutral currents in the Gargamelle-experiment, WA1/2 was the first follow-up, high-precision experiment (Z.Phys.C35, 443-452, 1987 and Z.Phys.C45, 361-379, 1990). See also 7706516X.

1978-01-01

72

Review of strange particle production from the WA85 Collaboration  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Strange and, especially, multistrange baryon and anti-baryon production is expected to be a useful probe in the search for Quark-Gluon Plasma formation. A review of WA85 results on strange and multistrange particle production in SW and pW interactions at 200 GeV/c per nucleons is presented. In particular, mT distributions and relative ratios are presented for ?-s, bar ?-s, ?s, bar ?s, and K0s. copyright 1995 American Institute of Physics

1995-07-20

73

Flexible Software Design for Korean WA-DGNSS Reference Station  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper, we describe the software design results of WA-DGNSS reference station that will be constructed in Korea in the near future. Software design of the WRS (Wide area Reference Station) is carried out by applying object oriented software methodology in order to provide flexibilities: easy of model change (namely ionospheric delay model etc) and system addition (Galileo, GLONASS in addition to GPS etc). Software design results include the use case diagrams for the functions to be exe...

Wan Sik Choi; Sayed Chhattan Shah; Joong Eup Kye; Woo Yong Han; Yun, H.; Changdon Kee

2013-01-01

74

Korean WA-DGNSS User Segment Software Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Korean WA-DGNSS is a large scale research project funded by Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs Korea. It aims to augment the Global Navigation Satellite System by broadcasting additional signals from geostationary satellites and providing differential correction messages and integrity data for the GNSS satellites. The project is being carried out by a consortium of universities and research institutes. The research team at Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute is involved in design and development of data processing softwares for wide area reference station and user segment. This paper focuses on user segment software design. Korean WA-DGNSS user segment software is designed to perform several functions such as calculation of pseudorange, ionosphere and troposphere delays, application of fast and slow correction messages, and data verification. It is based on a layered architecture that provides a model to develop flexible and reusable software and is divided into several independent, interchangeable and reusable components to reduce complexity and maintenance cost. The current version is designed to collect and process GPS and WA-DGNSS data however it is flexible to accommodate future GNSS systems such as GLONASS and Galileo.

Sayed Chhattan Shah

2013-03-01

75

Strong decays of ?cJ(2P) and ?cJ(3P)  

Science.gov (United States)

In the framework of the chiral quark model, the mass spectrum of ? cJ ( J = 0, 1, 2, n = 1, 2, 3) is studied with the Gaussian expansion method. Using the wave functions obtained in the study of mass spectrum, the open charm two-body strong decay widths of these states are calculated by using the 3 P 0 model. The results show that the masses of ? cJ (1 P) and ? c2(2 P) are consistent with the experimental data. But the strong decay width of ? c2(2 P) is three times that of the experimental value. The decay width of ? c1(2 P) is sensitive to its mass. In the quark-antiquark picture, the width is about 385 MeV. However, if the channel coupling effects shift its mass to 3872 MeV, its decay width will be around 1 MeV. The possibility of assigning the state X(3872) as ? c1(2 P) cannot be excluded. To assign X(3915) as ? c0(2 P) is disfavored, due to the unmatching of decay channel. For the ? cJ (3 P) states, no states have been assigned. The possible candidates of ? c0(3 P) are X(4160) and X(4140). Their masses are close to the theoretical ones. The experimental branching ratio of X(4160), is compatible with that of ? c0(3 P), 0.07. However the broad decay width of X(4160) cannot be explained by the open charm two-body decay. To assign X(4140) as ? c0(3 P) is also possible, due to the compatibility of the total decay width, the further measurement of decay modes of X(4140) are expected to justify the assignment.

Wang, Hui; Yang, Youchang; Ping, Jialun

2014-04-01

76

A CO J=3-2 map of M51 with HARP-B: Radial properties of the spiral structure  

CERN Document Server

We present the first complete CO J=3-2 map of the nearby grand-design spiral galaxy M51 (NGC 5194), at a spatial resolution of ~600 pc, obtained with the HARP-B instrument on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. The map covers the entire optical galaxy disk and out to the companion NGC 5195, with CO J=3-2 emission detected over an area of ~9'x6' (~21x14 kpc). We describe the CO J=3-2 integrated intensity map and combine our results with maps of CO J=2-1, CO J=1-0 and other data from the literature to investigate the variation of the molecular gas, atomic gas and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) properties of M51 as a function of distance along the spiral structure on sub-kpc scales. We find that for the CO J=3-2 and CO J=2-1 transitions there is a clear difference between the variation of arm and inter-arm emission with galactocentric radius, with the inter-arm emission relatively constant with radius and the contrast between arm and inter-arm emission decreasing with radius. For CO J=1-0 and HI the variat...

Vlahakis, C; Israel, F P; Tilanus, R P J

2013-01-01

77

Recent results from the WA80 experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results from the WA80 experiment on systematics of global observables, dET/d? and dNch/d?, as well as on spectra of identified particles are presented. Special attention is given to the target fragmentation region where two-pion correlations and proton distributions have been measured. Incorporation of strong rescattering phenomena into string models is found to provide a good description of most experimental data. Deviations to this are pointed out. The present status of the ?thermal/?0 ratio as a signal of the quark gluon plasma is discussed. (orig.)

1992-07-20

78

Novel Pathway of Salicylate Degradation by Streptomyces sp. Strain WA46  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A novel salicylate-degrading Streptomyces sp., strain WA46, was identified by UV fluorescence on solid minimal medium containing salicylate; trace amounts of gentisate were detected by high-pressure liquid chromatography when strain WA46 was grown with salicylate. PCR amplification of WA46 DNA with degenerate primers for gentisate 1,2-dioxygenase (GDO) genes produced an amplicon of the expected size. Sequential PCR with nested GDO primers was then used to identify a salicylate degradation gen...

Ishiyama, Daisuke; Vujaklija, Dusica; Davies, Julian

2004-01-01

79

A study of Ca 4p{sub 1/2,3/2}nd (J = 3) autoionizing states  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The spectral properties of Ca 4pnd (J = 3) autoionizing states have been studied by employing the combination of multichannel quantum defect theory (MQDT) with the K-matrix method. The cross section of 4p{sub 3/2}15d excited from 4s15d and energy levels of 4pnd (J = 3) are calculated by using a theoretical model with more complete channels, and the configuration interaction is analysed in detail between 4p{sub 1/2}nd, 4p{sub 3/2}nd{sub 3/2,5/2} and 4p{sub 1/2,3/2}ng of five Rydberg series.

Liang Liang [Physics Department, Xi' an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi' an 710055 (China); Wang, Y C [Institute of Modern Physics, School of Science, Xi' an Jiaotong University, Xi' an 710056 (China); Chao Zhou [Physics Department, Xi' an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi' an 710055 (China); Qiang, W C [Physics Department, Xi' an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi' an 710055 (China)

2007-02-15

80

'National Consciousness' in Ngugi Wa Thiango's “A Grain of Wheat”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The basic objective of this paper is to focus on the rise of nationalist writing is one way of furthering this revolution in African writers like Chinua Achebe, Ayi-Kwei- Armah, Frantz Fanon, Sylvia Plath, etc. Postcolonial literature is a branch of postmodern literature concerned with the political and cultural independence of peoples formerly subjugated in colonial empires. Indian literature in English which is accessible to us in the west stills its roots in colonial literature and the tensions between East and West. A European naturalism is often present a concern to posit Africa as an arena within which Western readers can identify realities, is inherent within much oh this writing. First part of this paper consists a brief note on nationalism and other aspects of post-colonial theory, key terms and philosophers. In the second part, I made an attempt to explain the concept of national consciousness in Ngugi Wa Thiango's “A Grain of Wheat”

Mr.Pankaj Ganpat Kolhe

2012-04-01

 
 
 
 
81

A preshower photon multiplicity detector for the WA98 experiment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A high granularity preshower detector has been fabricated and installed in the WA98 Experiment at the CERN SPS for measuring the spatial distribution of photons produced in the forward region in lead-ion-induced interactions. Photons are counted by detecting the preshower signal in plastic scintillator pads placed behind a 3 radiation length thick lead converter and applying a threshold on the scintillator signal to reject the minimum ionizing particles. Techniques to improve the imaging of the fibre and performance of the detector in the high multiplicity environment of lead-lead collisions are described. Using Monte-Carlo simulation methods and test beam data of {pi}{sup -} and e{sup -} at various energies the photon counting efficiency is estimated to be 68% for central and 73% for peripheral Pb+Pb collisions.

Aggarwal, M.M.; Bhatia, V.S. [University of Panjab, Chandigarh 160014 (India); Agnihotri, A. [University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302004 Rajasthan (India); Ahammed, Z.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Das, A.C.; Dutta Majumdar, M.R.; Ganti, M.S.; Ghosh, T.K.; Mukhopadhyay, D.S.; Nayak, T.K.; Sinha, B.C.; Trivedi, M.D.; Viyogi, Y.P. [Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF, Bidhan Nagar, Calcutta 700064 (India); Baba, P.V.K.S.; Badyal, S.K.; Kachroo, S.; Rao, N.K.; Sambyal, S.S. [University of Jammu, Jammu 180001 (India); Bhalla, K.B. [University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302004 Rajasthan (India); Gupta, S.K. [University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302004 Rajasthan (India); Gutbrod, H.H. [SUBATECH, Ecole de Mines, F-44070 Nantes (France); Kolb, B.W. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), D-64220 Darmstadt (Germany); Kumar, V. [University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302004 Rajasthan (India); Langbein, I. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), D-64220 Darmstadt (Germany); Mahapatra, D.P. [Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar 751005 (India); Mishra, G.C. [Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar 751005 (India); Nandi, B.K. [Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar 751005 (India); Nayak, S.K. [Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar 751005 (India); Purschke, M.L. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), D-64220 Darmstadt (Germany); Raniwala, S. [University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302004 Rajasthan (India); Ramamurthy, V.S. [Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar 751005 (India); Urbahn, J. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), D-64220 Darmstadt (Germany)

1999-03-21

82

A preshower photon multiplicity detector for the WA93 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A fine granularity preshower detector has been designed, fabricated and installed in the WA93 experiment for the first ever measurement of photon multiplicity in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. Photons are counted by detecting the preshower signal in plastic scintillator pads placed behind a lead converter and applying a threshold on the scintillator signal to reject the minimum ionizing particles. The photon detection efficiency estimated using Monte-Carlo and beam test results is found to be similar 65-75% depending on centrality. Simulation and performance results of the detector for counting of photons and rejection of hadrons in the large multiplicity environment of ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions are described. (orig.)

1996-03-21

83

77 FR 60960 - Safety Zone, Coast Guard Exercise Area, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Safety Zone, Coast Guard Exercise Area, Hood Canal, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...involved in Coast Guard training exercises in Hood Canal, WA. A safety zone is necessary...Coast Guard exercises of this type in the Hood Canal, on 28 October 2011, and on...

2012-10-05

84

75 FR 27638 - Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines, Hood Canal, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...area (RNA) covering a portion of the Hood Canal in the State of Washington that will...Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines, Hood Canal, WA'' in the Federal...

2010-05-18

85

33 CFR 165.1328 - Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy submarines, Hood Canal, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Navigation Area; U.S. Navy submarines, Hood Canal, WA. 165.1328 Section 165...Navigation Area; U.S. Navy submarines, Hood Canal, WA. (a) Location. The...navigation area (RNA): All waters of the Hood Canal in the State of Washington...

2010-07-01

86

77 FR 35850 - Safety Zone; F/V Deep Sea, Penn Cove, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1625-AA00 Safety Zone; F/V Deep Sea, Penn Cove, WA AGENCY...around the Fishing Vessel (F/V) Deep Sea, located in Penn Cove...T13-220 Safety Zone; F/V Deep Sea, Penn Cove, WA...Deep Sea located at approximately 48[deg]13'18'' N,...

2012-06-15

87

76 FR 30825 - Special Local Regulation; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Local Regulation; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA AGENCY: Coast...during the annual Olympia Harbor Days tug boat races. This action is necessary to restrict...Local Regulation; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA in the...

2011-05-27

88

75 FR 53195 - Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Pier 36, Elliot Bay, Seattle, WA. (b) Regulations: Under 33 CFR part 165, subpart D, no vessel may enter, transit, moor, or anchor within this security zone located at Pier 36, Elliot Bay, WA, except for vessels authorized by the Captain...

2010-08-31

89

78 FR 55214 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...Railway Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 0.1, at Seattle, WA...Railway Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 0.1 (Ballard-Salmon...

2013-09-10

90

78 FR 45056 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...Montlake Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 5.2, at Seattle, WA...Montlake Bridge crosses the Lake Washington Ship Canal at mile 5.2 and while in the...

2013-07-26

91

Comparison of the Babesia duncani (WA1) IgG Detection Rates among Clinical Sera Submitted to a Reference Laboratory for WA1 IgG Testing and Blood Donor Specimens from Diverse Geographic Areas of the United States ?  

Science.gov (United States)

All reported cases of WA1 babesiosis have occurred in the Pacific coast region of the United States, suggesting that WA1 is limited to this geographic area. However, we detected WA1 IgG in 27% of clinical sera sent to our laboratory for WA1 IgG testing from across the United States over a 2-year period, suggesting that exposure to WA1 or a closely related organism occurs outside Pacific coast states. We sought to determine if this high WA1 IgG detection rate among clinical specimens merely reflects WA1 seroprevalence outside the Pacific region. WA1 IgG, as well as Babesia microti IgG, was measured in 900 blood donor specimens from 9 states. Overall seroprevalence was 2.0% for WA1 and 0.4% for B. microti; regional seroprevalences ranged from 0 to 4% and 0 to 2%, respectively. Additional studies were performed to determine if WA1 IgG reactivity was attributable to polyclonal B-cell activation associated with acute Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection; 40 WA1 IgG-positive clinical sera and the 18 WA1 IgG-positive blood donor specimens were all negative for EBV capsid antigen (EBVCA) IgM (a marker of acute EBV infection), and 40 EBVCA IgM-positive sera were all negative for WA1 IgG. These findings indicate that the high WA1 IgG detection rate among clinical specimens does not simply reflect the national WA1 seroprevalence among blood donors or nonspecific reactivity due to acute EBV infection. Rather, the findings suggest that infection with WA1 or a related organism is more common than indicated by the literature and is not limited to Pacific coast states.

Prince, Harry E.; Lape-Nixon, Mary; Patel, Hemlata; Yeh, Cindy

2010-01-01

92

Investigation of MOZART experimental data and analysis of MOZART experiment using JFS-3-J3.2R group constant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Various critical experiments have been analyzed and evaluated in Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) to improve the accuracy of prediction for nuclear characteristics of fast breeder reactors. This report describes update of the analysis of Monju Zebra Assembly Reactor Test (MOZART) reflecting a recent development of JNC analysis scheme. The main results are as follows: (1) Compilation of spectrum measurements: Spectrum measurement data are newly compiled including energy structure and geometrical information. (2) Reevaluation of atomic number density data: Atomic number density data were reevaluated considering impurities that had been neglected in the past analysis and reflecting a JNC standard analysis scheme. The revision of the data successfully reduces core type dependence of C/E values for criticality from 0.4%dk to 0.1%dk. (3) Analyses using JFS-3-J3.2R group constant set: The base-calculation and correction factors were fully reevaluated suing JFS-3-J3.2R group constant set and the results were compared with those using JFS-3-J3.2. For criticality, C/E values become smaller by 0.1%dk, which tendency is consistent with that observed in the analysis of JUPITER experiment. Reduction of B-10 concentration dependence from 7% to 1% is observed in C/E values for control rod worth, and 10% improvement are for Na void reactivity. These improvements are attribute to the revision of the group constant set and analysis scheme. The correction factors are confirmed to be insensitive to the revision of group constant sets. (author)

2003-01-01

93

Cloning, expression in E. coli and immunological characterization of Par j 3.0201, a Parietaria pollen profilin variant.  

Science.gov (United States)

Parietaria judaica pollen is one of the main sources of allergens in the Mediterranean area. Its allergenic composition has been studied in detail showing the presence of two major allergens (Par j 1 and Par j 2) and two minor allergens belonging to the profilin and calcium binding protein families of allergens (Par j 3 and Par j 4, respectively). Clinical reports support the hypothesis of a limited cross-reactivity between profilin from Parietaria and unrelated sources. We screened a P. judaica cDNA library to identify novel forms of profilins with allergenic activity. This strategy allowed us to isolate a 767 bp cDNA containing the information for a 131 amino acids protein with homology to profilins from unrelated sources greater than that observed with the already published Parietaria profilins. This profilin was expressed in Escherichia coli as a recombinant protein and its immunological prevalence was studied in a population of Parietaria allergic patients from Southern Europe. Immunoblotting analysis showed that the Parietaria profilin was recognized by IgE from 6.5% of the allergic population. Finally, a selected population of profilin allergic patients was enrolled to demonstrate the cross-reactivity of this novel variant with other profilins from grass and date palm. In conclusion, molecular cloning and immunological studies have allowed the isolation, expression and immunological characterization of a novel cross-reactive profilin allergen from P. judaica pollen named Par j 3.0201. PMID:24172226

Bonura, A; Trapani, A; Gulino, L; Longo, V; Valenta, R; Asero, R; Colombo, P

2014-02-01

94

Pra Na Wa Ka: The Development of Training Course for Continuing Buddhism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: Buddhism is a religion that requires meditation, practice, intellectual precepts of the threefold-training such as morality, concentration and wisdom. The purpose of practicing Buddhism is the goal of deliverance through attaining knowledge and wisdom. The Pra Na Wa Ka are newly ordained monks and needed to study both of the scriptures and the practice for appreciating understanding in morality, concentration and wisdom. A training model and guidelines are needed to improve the quality and efficiency of Pra Na Wa Ka because currently most of the monks who are the teachers lacked knowledge and are not ready to act as the Pra Na Wa Ka teacher, because lack of the teaching media, lack of the proper knowledge of the teacher vocational, the lesson plan arrangement, the psychology of teaching, lack of technique variety of teaching methods. Most of the temple had no education administration of the Pra Na Wa Ka who ordained in short-term, within 3 days 7 days 15 days or to one month, lack of the short period course to study about Buddhism, the Pra Na Wa Ka cannot accurately recite the Pali words, the Pra Na Wa Ka who were ordained were not motivated and faithful in learning and low morality. Approach: This research intended to study the history of the education administration of the Pra Na Wa Ka (Newly ordained monk and to study about the problems and need of the Pra Na Wa Ka in knowledge about Buddhism and to develop the curriculum and the training package of the Pra Na Wa Ka in Buddhism. Results: The Pra Na Wa Ka traing course is a curriculum to study Buddhism through 3 training courses; (1 Basic Course: 3 days for initiation 7 days, (2 Intermediate course 7 days for initiation 15 days and (3 Long period course 15 days for initiation more than 30 days. The training courses were accompanied by a training kit to understand the main precepts of morality, concentration and wisdom. The curriculum was successful in providing Pra Na Wa Ka with knowledge and learning tools in order to understand the teachings from senior monks and Buddhist teachers. Conclusion: The effectiveness of the developed training course and success of the examination results of the Pra Na Wa Ka will ensure that Buddhism will continue to be propagated to society in its purest form and will benefit the community and society as a whole, bringing peace and prosperity.

Phra M.P. Romphothanthong

2012-01-01

95

Time-of-flight detector for WA98 CERN experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The time-of-flight detector (TOF ?) used in WA98 CERN experiment is described. The goal of the experiment is to study Pb-Pb collisions at 160xA GeV beam of SPS for investigation of highly excited compressed nuclear matter. The MSAC tracking system is backed by TOF wall in order to allow particle identification, i.e., ?, K, p separation in the momentum range 1.0 - 5.0 GeV/c. The TOF wall consists of 480 plastic scintillators. The size of each scintillator is 480x32x24 mm"3. The PMTs are fixed at both ends of scintillators. Full size of TOF wall is 4x2 m"2. The time resolution is ? = 120 ps. Both time and amplitude of signals of scintillators are measured. There are described the design of the TOF wall, the laser control system, the algorithm of the calibration and finding of time corrections. There are presented the examples of particle identification taken in experiments of Pb-Pb interactions in 1995, 1996

1997-01-01

96

Calendario reproductivo en mujeres indígenas u'wa (tunebo) de Boyacá, Colombia / Reproductive schedule (timing) of u'wa (tunebo) indian women of Boyacá, Colombia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio es presentar los resultados de un proyecto de investigación realizado en comunidades u'wa (tunebo), en Boyacá, Colombia. Específicamente se buscó caracterizar aspectos de la fecundidad de las mujeres u'wa en lo concerniente al calendario reproductivo (timing), cuáles son [...] las edades de la menarquía de entrada a la unión conyugal, de la primera gestación, del primer parto, así como los intervalos intergenésicos y la lactancia. La metodología incluyó el levantamiento de 115 historias reproductivas y de nacimientos, obtenidas a través de visitas en los domicilios en aldeas representativas de los pueblos indígenas u'wa, en 2003, 2004, 2005 y 2006; 50 días en campo en total. Los datos censales fueron dispuestos por el Hospital del municipio de Cubará que atiende a los u'wa. En cuanto a los resultados, las edades medias fueron, de la menarquía 13 años, de la entrada en la primera unión y del nacimiento del primer hijo, respectivamente, 16.4 e 18.1 años. Las mujeres u'wa presentan un intervalo intergenésico medio de 20.6 meses, la media de amamantación fue 24.3 meses, 78.1 por ciento de las mujeres amamantaron a los hijos de 12 a 35 meses, lo cual favorece la salud de los niños. El nivel de escolaridad es bajo en las mujeres, la mayoría no tiene estudio. Se caracterizó el calendario reproductivo y se comparó con resultados de otros estudios en pueblos indígenas. Los resultados se discuten a la luz de los determinantes próximos de la fecundidad y de la etnología u'wa. Abstract in english The purpose of this study is to present the result of a research project performed in u'wa (Tunebo) communities in Boyaca, Colombia. Specifically, we tried to characterize some fertility aspects of u'wa women relating to their reproductive schedule (timing), their menarche ages, their conjugal ages, [...] their first pregnancy ages, their first birth ages, as well as the interval between pregnancies and breastfeeding times. The methodology included the survey of 115 reproductive and birth histories obtained through domiciliary visits of small u'wa villages in 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006 (50 days of field work total). The census was provided by Cubara's Municipal Hospital, which attends U'wa people. In connection with the results, the measured ages were: menarche, 13 years old, first union or conjugal union and first child birth, 16.4 and 18.1 respectively. The average time between pregnancies was 20,6 months, and the average for breastfeeding was 24.3 months; 78.1 per cent of u'wa women breastfeeding from 12 to 35 months, which benefits children's health. The education level in women is low; most of them did not attend school. The reproductive schedule (timing) was characterized and compared to other studies of indian communities. The results are discussed in light of the fertility next determinants and U'wa ethnology indicators.

Arias-Valencia, María Mercedes.

97

75 FR 72781 - Buckhorn Exploration Project 2010, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...WA Joint Lead Agencies: Forest Service, Department of Agriculture...Interior; and Department of Ecology, Washington State. ACTION...Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, in cooperation with...and Washington Department of Ecology (WADOE), will prepare...

2010-11-26

98

77 FR 27085 - TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, WA; Notice of Negative Determination...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Administration [TA-W-80,454] TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, WA; Notice of Negative Determination...workers and former workers of TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, Washington (subject firm)....

2012-05-08

99

Observations of globules and dark clouds in the CO J = 3-2 and J = 2-1 lines  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In a search for embedded molecular outflows, nine globules and compact dark clouds, including the known outflow sources B335 and L723, were observed in the (C-12)O J = 2-1 and J = 3-2 lines, and a Monte Carlo radiative transfer code utilizing a combination of microturbulent and velocity gradient line broadening was used to model the flows. Both the known sources are found to be of relatively low density and modest energy. It is found that n(H2) = 3000/cu cm in B335 and 1000/cu cm in the L723 high-velocity gas. None of the other seven clouds show clear evidence of bipolar outflows. Models of the globules B68 and B361 suggest efficient carbon isotope fractionation, with the (C-12)O and (C-13)O abundance ratios being 14 and 25, respectively. 24 references

1987-01-01

100

CO J = 3 ? 2 and far infrared continuum observations of L1551, Orion KL and IRC +10216  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The sources L1551, IRC +10216 and the Kleinmann-Low nebula possess microwave spectra indicative of mass-outflow at moderate to high velocities. In two of these cases the origin of outflow is probably to be located in newly formed or forming stars. For IRC +10216 however it seems clear that the progenitor of the outflowing envelope is a late-type variable star. Observations of these sources in the J = 3 ? 2 transitions of CO are reported, together with photometry at wavelengths 377, 811 and 1136 ?m. All results were acquired with the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope at Mauna Kea, Hawaii, with instrumental beam-sizes of 86 arcsecs for the photometry, and 60 arcsecs for the CO spectra. (Auth.)

1981-06-26

 
 
 
 
101

Peculiarities occurrence and microstrip gas chambers studied through experiment WA97  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents the studies on development of a Monte-Carlo type generator used for inclusive production of odd baryons and antibaryons through proton- proton and proton- nucleus collisions. Experiment WA97 consisted in designing simulation software for MSGCs (Micro-strips Gas Chambers) as well as the redefining of particle paths with the help of these chambers. This work made it possible to design the MSGC detector for experiment WA97. (TEC). 71 refs., 88 figs

1995-01-01

102

Zero degree calorimeter for CERN WA-98 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Zero Degree Calorimeter (ZDC) used in WA-98 CERN experiment is described. The goal of the experiment is to study Pb-Pb interactions at the Pb beam energy of 157.7 · A GeV ? 32.8 TeV. ZDC is intended to measure the particle energy in the beam fragmentation region. ZDC consists of 35 identical modules arranging 7x5 matrix. The cross dimensions of the module are equal to 15x15 cm2. Each module contains 158 layers of Pb and scintillator tiles. The thickness of the Pb tile is 10 mm, that of the scintillator tile is 2.5 mm. The effective length of the module equals 9.4 ?int. The scintillator tiles are made of granulated polystyrene with p-terphenyl and POPOP as the dopants by moulding under high pressure method. The scintillator is also doped with special stabilizer to increase its radiation hardness. The Wave Length Shifters (WLS) are used for the light collection. The WLS are made of lucite with the surface painted with kumarin-7. The length of WLS is 2.3 m, its thickness is 3 mm. To compensate the light absorption the thickness of the painted layer is varying along the WLS. Using this method the equivalent light attenuation length is obtained equal to about 10 m. FEU-84-3 are used as the PMTs. They have individual remote controlled power supplies based on specially developed addressed DAC IC and Cocroft-Walton generator. ZDC is equipped with the LED and nitrogen laser monitoring systems and absolute amplitude calibration system based on 239Pu ?-source with the yttrium orthoaluminate crystal. Energy dependence of calorimeter resolution in the energy region 40 GeV through 32.8 TeV is described by the formula (47.6±1.1)%/?E[GeV]O+(1.94±0.20)%. The Measured value of the e/h ratio is equal to 1.02±0.01. 9 refs., 13 figs

1996-01-01

103

CO J = 3-2 Emission from the ``Water Fountain'' Sources IRAS 16342-3814 and IRAS 18286-0959  

Science.gov (United States)

We observed CO J = 3-2 emission from ``water-fountain'' sources, which exhibit high-velocity collimated stellar jets traced by H2O maser emission, with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (ASTE) 10 m telescope. We detected CO emission from two sources: IRAS 16342-3814 and IRAS 18286-0959. The IRAS 16342-3814 CO emission exhibits a spectrum that could be well fit to a Gaussian profile, rather than to a parabolic profile, with a velocity width (FWHM) of 158±6km s-1 and an intensity peak at VLSR = 50±2 km s-1. The mass-loss rate of the star is estimated to be ˜2.9 × 10-5Modot yr-1. Our morpho-kinematic models suggest that the CO emission is optically thin, and associated with a bipolar outflow rather than with a (cold and relatively small) torus. The IRAS 18286-0959 CO emission has a velocity width (FWHM) of 3.0±0.2 km s-1, smaller than typically seen in AGB envelopes. The narrow velocity width of the CO emission suggests that it originates from either an interstellar molecular cloud or a slowly-rotating circumstellar envelope that harbors the H2O maser source.

Imai, Hiroshi; He, Jin-Hua; Nakashima, Jun-Ichi Ukita, Nobuharu; Deguchi, Shuji; Koning, Nico

2009-12-01

104

The James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Nearby Galaxies Legacy Survey IX: $^{12}$CO $J=3\\to2$ Observations of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351  

CERN Document Server

We present $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} maps of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351 obtained with the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), both early targets of the JCMT Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey (NGLS). We combine the present observations with $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} data and find that the computed $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} to $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} line ratio ($R_{31}$) agrees with values measured in other NGLS field galaxies. We compute the M$_{\\rm{H_2}}$ value and find that it is robust against the value of $R_{31}$ used. Using \\textsc{Hi} data from the The \\textsc{Hi} Nearby Galaxy Survey (THINGS) survey, we find a tight correlation between surface density of H$_2$ and star formation rate density for NGC 3351 when $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} data are used. Finally, we compare the $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} intensity with the PAH 8 $\\mu$m surface brightness and find a good correlation in the high surface brightness regions. We extend this study to incl...

Tan, Boon-Kok; Rigopoulou, D; Warren, B E; Wilson, C D; Attewell, D; Azimlu, M; Bendo, G J; Butner, H M; Brinks, E; Chanial, P; Clements, D L; Heesen, V; Israel, F; Knapen, J H; Matthews, H E; Mortier, A M J; Mühle,; Sánchez-Gallego, J R; Tilanus, R P J; Usero, A; van der Werf, P; Zhu, M

2013-01-01

105

WA84 experiment: A beauty search with a scintillating-fibre microvertex detector  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper gives a review of the physics aims of the fixed-target experiment WA84, currently being conducted at CERN, and of the methods used. The operation and performance of the scintillating-fibre microvertex detector are described. (orig.)

1990-04-15

106

75 FR 1706 - Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines, Hood Canal, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...regulated navigation area (RNA) covering the Hood Canal in Washington that will be in effect...S. Navy submarine is operating in the Hood Canal and being escorted by the Coast...

2010-01-13

107

76 FR 50247 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service [FWS-R1-R-2011-N121...Environmental Impact Statement AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior...SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service...Ilwaco, WA 98624. Local Libraries: The Final CCP/EIS is...

2011-08-12

108

77 FR 16058 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA; Record of Decision for Final Environmental...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Environmental Impact Statement AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior...SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, announce...Director, Pacific Region, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, signed...Ilwaco, WA 98624. Local Libraries: See SUPPLEMENTARY...

2012-03-19

109

On the Usage of Sinhalese Differential Object Markers Object Marker /wa/ vs. Object Marker /ta/  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Previous studies (Aisen, 2003; Kanduboda, 2011 on Sinhalese language have suggested that direct objects (i.e., accusative marked nouns in active sentences can be marked by two distinctive case markers. In some sentences, accusative nouns can be denoted by the accusative case marker /wa/. In other sentences, the same nouns can again be denoted by the dative case marker /ta/. However, the verbs required by these accusatives were not investigated in the previous studies. Thus, the present study further conducted an investigation to observe whether these two types of case markings can occur with the same verbs. A free productivity task was conducted with 100 Sinhalese native speakers living in Sri Lanka. A comparison study was carried out using sentences with the verbs accompanying /wa/ accusatives and /ta/ accusatives. The results showed that, verbs accompanied by /wa/ case marker and verbs accompanied by /ta/ case marker are incongruent. Thus, this study concluded that Sinhalese active sentences consisting of transitive verbs are broadly divided into two patterns; those which take only /wa/ accusatives and those which take only /ta/ accusatives.

Kanduboda A, B. Prabath

2013-07-01

110

WA84 experiment: A beauty search with a scintillating-fibre microvertex detector  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper gives a review of the physics aims of the fixed-target experiment WA84, currently being conducted at CERN, and of the methods used. The operation and performance of the scintillating-fibre microvertex detector are described. (orig.).

Angelini, C.; Cardini, A.; Flaminio, V.; Lucchesi, D.; Roda, C. (Pisa Univ. (Italy) Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Pisa (Italy)); Beusch, W.; Fabre, J.P.; Gys, T.; Leutz, H.; Morrison, D.R.O.; Vicari, E. (European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland)); Crennell, D.J. (Rutherford Appleton Lab., Chilton (UK)); De Vincenzi, M.; Di Vita, G.; Frenkel, A.; Lamanna, E.; Martellotti, G.; Penso, G.; Petrera, S.; Sciubba, A. (Rome-1 Univ. (Italy) Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Rome (Italy)); Duane, A.; Harrison, K.; Websdale, D.M. (Imperial Coll. of Science and Technology, London (UK)); McEwen, J.G. (Southampton Univ. (UK)); WA84 Collaboration

1990-04-15

111

WA 92: A fixed target experiment to study beauty in hadronic interactions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The essential feature of the described experimental techniques is the use of two specially designed pieces of hardware: A high precision 'decay detector ' and a fast secondary vertex trigger processor. Experiment WA92 should be able to obtain a sufficient data sample to measure lifetimes of B[sup [+-

Adamovich, M.; Adinolfi, M.; Alexandrov, Y.; Angelini, C.; Antinori, F.; Bacci, C.; Barney, D.; Beusch, W.; Bruschini, C.; Cardarelli, R.; Cardini, A.; Casanova, V.; Ceradini, F.; Ciapetti, G.; Dameri, M.; Darbo, G.; Di Ciaccio, A.; Duane, A.; Dufey, J.P.; Fabre, J.P.; Flaminio, V.; Forino, A.; French, B.R.; Frenkel, A.; Gerasimov, S.; Gessaroli, R.; Harrison, K.; Hurst, R.; Jacholkowski, A.; Kharlamov, S.; Kirk, A.; Lacava, F.; Lassalle, J.C.; Malferrari, L.; Martellotti, G.; Martinengo, P.; Mazzanti, P.; McEwen, J.G.; Morrison, D.R.O.; Mechaeva, P.; Nisati, A.; Orestano, D.; Osculati, B.; Passaseo, M.; Penso, G.; Petrolo, E.; Pontecorvo, L.; Quareni, A.; Rhyzov, V.; Roda, C.; Rossi, L.; Salvo, C.; Santonico, R.; Schuler, G.; Tomasini, G.; Torelli, M.; Veneziao, S.; Verzocchi, M.; Viaggi, F.; Websdale, D.; Weymann, M.; Zanello, L.; Zaveryaev, M.

1992-06-01

112

77 FR 5747 - Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION...while those vessels are in the Sector Puget Sound Captain of the Port (COTP) Zone. A designated...authorized by the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound or Designated Representative....

2012-02-06

113

WASTE MINIZATION OPPORTUNITY ASSESSMENT: NAVAL UNDERSEA WARFARE ENGINEERING STATION - KEYPORT, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

This report describes the application of EPA's waste minimization assessment procedures to a torpedo maintenance facility at the Naval Undersea Warfare Engineering Station, Keyport, WA. he assessment focused on the Mark 48 shop and the Mark 46 shop. hese shops service the Mark 48...

114

WASTE MINIMIZATION OPPORTUNITY ASSESSMENT: NAVAL UNDERSEA WARFARE ENGINEERING STATION - KEYPORT, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

This report describes the application of EPA's waste minimization assessment procedures to a torpedo maintenance facility at the Naval Undersea Warfare Engineering Station, Keyport, WA. he assessment focused on the Mark 48 shop and the Mark 46 shop. hese shops service the Mark 48...

115

76 FR 1384 - Special Local Regulation; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Local Regulation; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA AGENCY: Coast...during the annual Olympia Harbor Days tug boat races. This action is necessary to restrict...this notice. Background and Purpose Tug boat races typically result in vessel and...

2011-01-10

116

The Utility of the Lambert Function W[a exp(a - bt)] in Chemical Kinetics  

Science.gov (United States)

The mathematical Lambert function W[a exp(a - bt)] is used to find integrated rate laws for several examples, including simple enzyme and Lindemann-Christiansen-Hinshelwood (LCH) unimolecular decay kinetics. The results derived here for the well-known LCH mechanism as well as for a dimer-monomer reaction mechanism appear to be novel. A nonlinear…

Williams, Brian Wesley

2010-01-01

117

Qi-Wa, a problem that has plagued Chinese scrolls for millenniums  

CERN Multimedia

Qi-Wa refers to the up curl on the lengths of handscrolls and hanging scrolls, which has troubled Chinese artisans and emperors for as long as the art of painting and calligraphy exists. This warp is unwelcomed not only for aesthetic reasons, but its potential damage to the fiber and ink. Although it is generally treated as a part of the cockling and curling due to climate, mounting procedures, and conservation conditions, we emphasize that the intrinsic curvature incurred from the storage is in fact the main cause of Qi-Wa. The Qi-Wa height is determined by experiments to obey scaling relations with the length, width, curvature, and thickness of the scroll, which are supported by Molecular Dynamics Simulation and theoretic derivations. This understanding helps us come up with plausible remedies to mitigate Qi-Wa. All proposals are tested on real mounted paper and in simulations. Due to the general nature of this warp, we believe the lessons learnt from studying ancient Chinese scrolls can be applied to moder...

Chou, Ming-Han; Wang, Yi-Ping; Hong, Sun-Hsin; Hong, Tzay-Ming

2013-01-01

118

Water Accounting Plus (WA+) - a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements  

Science.gov (United States)

Coping with water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links depletion to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper, we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+), which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use and landscape evapotranspiration on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. WA+ presents four sheets including (i) a resource base sheet, (ii) an evapotranspiration sheet, (iii) a productivity sheet, and (iv) a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarise the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g., climate change) and internal influences (e.g., infrastructure building) can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used to acquire a vast amount of required data but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

Karimi, P.; Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Molden, D.

2013-07-01

119

Water Accounting Plus (WA+ – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Coping with the issue of water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links hydrological flows to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+, which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. Analogous to financial accounting, WA+ presents four sheets including (i a resource base sheet, (ii a consumption sheet, (iii a productivity sheet, and (iv a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarize the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g. climate change and internal influences (e.g. infrastructure building can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used for 3 out of the 4 sheets, but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

D. Molden

2012-11-01

120

Isolation of pure compound R/J/3 from Pluchea indica (L.) Less. and its anti-amoebic activities against Entamoeba histolytica.  

Science.gov (United States)

The plant Pluchea indica is known for its anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, anti-pyretic, hypoglycemic, diuretic and anti-microbial activities besides many other pharmacological activities. We have isolated and purified seven compounds from the methanolic root extract of this plant by column chromatography. The compounds were identified by spectroscopic analyses. The anti-amoebic activities of the pure compound R/J/3 was investigated against the HM1 strain of Entamoeba histolytica. The compound, R/J/3 showed the most pronounced anti-proliferative activity at a dose of 50 microg/ml. It also showed a marked activity on cell lysis of trophozoites, 4h after administration. The cell lytic activity was compared with metronidazole (5 microg/ml) as positive control. PMID:17174538

Biswas, Ria; Dutta, P K; Achari, B; Bandyopadhyay, Durba; Mishra, Moumita; Pramanik, K C; Chatterjee, T K

2007-08-01

 
 
 
 
121

CYP2J3 Gene Delivery Reduces Insulin Resistance via Upregulation of eNOS in Fructose-treated Rats  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Accumulating evidence suggests that cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid into epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) which play important roles in various pathophysiological processes. Interestingly, CYP-derived eicosanoids are vasodilatory, at least in part through their ability to activate eNOS and subsequent NO release. This study investigated the roles of eNOS in CYP2J3 gene delivery reducing blood pressure and improving insulin resistance i...

Xu Xizhen; Tu Ling; Wang Luyun; Fang Xiaosai; Wang Dao Wen

2011-01-01

122

Human rheumatoid factor crossidiotypes. I. WA and BLA are heat-labile conformational antigens requiring both heavy and light chains  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Evidence was obtained that both the WA and BLA crossidiotype (XId) groups are conformational antigens requiring both L and H chains and that with heat denaturation the antigens that define the XIds and antigen-binding activity are lost in parallel. In contrast, the primary structure-dependent crossreactive idiotype (CRI), PSL2, which is only weakly detected on native Wa and Bla monoclonal rheumatoid factors (mRFs), became prominently detected on the heated Wa and Bla mRFs. Heat denaturation m...

1986-01-01

123

Study of charged particle production using Omega RICH in WA94 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present preliminary results about charged particle production in S-S collisions at 200GeV/c per nucleon, obtained by WA94 experiment at CERN-SPS. The particle identification has been provided by the Omega RICH; a silicon telescope and an array of multiwire proportional chambers (MWPC) have been used to track particles to the RICH detector. Details about particle tracking and identification procedure are also reported. (orig.)

1996-03-01

124

WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation: Analysis and applications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We introduce the concept of conformal spin gradation of the untwisted affine Lie superalgebra A-circumflex(n -1 modul n - 1)(1) to study the WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation. We show that the essential of A-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) may be read from the conformal spin gradation of the canonical vector basis of the SL(n modul n) vector representation space V2n and a spectral parameter ?. We give the generic formula of their conformal spin weights. Then, we set up the fundamentals of a manifestly N = 2 U(1) Lax formalism leading to a manifestly N = 2 WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformation. Its explicit form is obtained and is shown to have a similar structure as in the N = 0 case. Both N = 0 WA-circumflex(n - 1)(1) and N = 2 WA-circumflex(n - 1 modul n - 1)(1) Miura transformations involve (n - 1) N = 0 and N = 2 conserved currents with integer conformal spins. The leading cases are discussed. Using the U(1) charge of the N = 2 algebra, we develop also a new method of constructing N = 2 superfield realizations of the N = 2 higher spin supercurrents. Among other results, we find that in general there are three series of (n - 1) higher conformal spin N = 2 supercurrents. The usual N = 2 super W currents are the only hermitian ones. At the n = 3 level, we find a new Feigin Fuchs type extension of the conformal spin one N = 2 supercurrent. Such a feature, which has no analogue at the n = 2 level, is also present for n>3. Finally, we give the N = 2 superfield formulation of the N = 2 Boussinesq equation and its generalization involving complex N = 2 supercurrents. (author). 27 refs

1992-01-01

125

Wa-UM-eii : How a Choreographer Can Use Sonification to Communicate With Dancers During Rehearsals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A sonification is a nonverbal speech act and might sound like “wa-UM-eii”, or “wooosh!” The purpose of this study was to investigate a choreographer’s use of sonification in dance instructions, to see if there are different types of sonifications and if the use of these might differ with a change in context. Video material capturing the rehearsals of a noted dance company was analyzed using a cognitive ethnography-based approach. Nine different types of sonifications were identified...

Fagergren, Emma

2012-01-01

126

A cross-sectional observational study of helmet use among motorcyclists in Wa, Ghana.  

Science.gov (United States)

Motorcyclists' injuries and fatalities are a major public health concern in many developing countries including Ghana. This study therefore aimed to investigate the prevalence of helmet use among motorcyclists in Wa, Ghana. The method used involved a cross-sectional roadside observation at 12 randomly selected sites within and outside the CBD of Wa. A total of 14,467 motorcyclists made up of 11,360 riders and 3107 pillion riders were observed during the study period. Most observed riders (86.5%) and pillion riders (61.7%) were males. The overall prevalence of helmet use among the observed motorcyclists was 36.9% (95% CI: 36.1-37.7). Helmet use for riders was 45.8% (95% CI: 44.8-46.7) whilst that for pillion riders was 3.7% (95 CI: 3.0-4.4). Based on logistic regression analysis, higher helmet wearing rates were found to be significantly associated with female gender, weekdays, morning periods and at locations within the CBD. Riders at locations outside the CBD were about 7 times less likely to wear a helmet than riders within the CBD (48.9% compared to 42.3%; ?(2)(1)=49.526; pCBD to improve helmet use in Wa. PMID:24316503

Akaateba, Millicent Awialie; Amoh-Gyimah, Richard; Yakubu, Ibrahim

2014-03-01

127

77 FR 32895 - Modification of Class D and Class E Airspace and Revocation of Class E Airspace; Bellingham, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...CFR Part 71 [Docket No. FAA-2011-0363; Airspace Docket No. 11-ANM-8] Modification of Class D and Class E Airspace and Revocation of Class E Airspace; Bellingham, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION:...

2012-06-04

128

Isolation of a new DNA marker in linkage disequilibrium with cystic fibrosis, situated between J3.11 (D7S8) and IRP.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A cosmid library of recombinants containing nonmethylated CpG sites for rare-cutter restriction enzymes was used previously to isolate the gene IRP and four polymorphic DNA markers (pPT-3, pXV-2c, pCS.7, and pKM.19) which are close to and in linkage disequilibrium with the cystic fibrosis (CF) mutation. We have analyzed several new clones from the same library and have isolated a further cosmid, cNX.6d, which maps approximately 160 kb from CS.7, in the J3.11 direction. A DNA fragment (pMP6d-9...

1989-01-01

129

Extremely Strong ^{13}CO J=3-2 Line in the "Water Fountain" IRAS 16342-3814: Evidence for the Hot-Bottom Burning  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We observed four "water fountain" sources in the CO J=3-2 line emission with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (ASTE) 10 m telescope in 2010-2011. The water fountain sources are evolved stars that form high-velocity collimated jets traced by water maser emission. The CO line was detected only from IRAS 16342-3814. The present work confirmed that the ^{12}CO to ^{13}CO line intensity ratio is ~1.5 at the systemic velocity. We discuss the origins of the very low ^...

Imai, Hiroshi; Chong, Sze-ning; He, Jin-hua; Nakashima, Jun-ichi; Hsia, Chih-hao; Sakai, Takeshi; Deguchi, Shuji; Koning, Nico

2012-01-01

130

CO J=2-1 and CO J=3-2 observations toward the high-mass protostellar candidate IRAS 20188+3928  

CERN Multimedia

We have carried out 12CO J=2-1 and 12CO J=3-2 observations toward the high-mass protostellar candidate IRAS 20188+3928. Compared with previous observations, the 12CO J=2-1 and 12CO J=3-2 lines both have asymmetric profiles with an absorption dip. The velocity of the absorption dip is 1.0 km/s. The spectral shape may be caused by rotation. The velocity-integrated intensity map and position-velocity diagram of the 12CO J=2-1 line present an obvious bipolar component, further verifying that this region has an outflow motion. This region is also associated with an HII region, an IRAS source, and an H2O maser. The H2O maser has the velocity of 1.1 km/s. Compared with the components of the outflow, we find that the H2O maser is not associated with the outflow. Using the large velocity gradient model, we concluded that possible averaged gas densities of the blueshifted lobe and redshifted lobe are 1.0*10^{5}$ cm^{-3} and 2.0*10$^{4} cm^{-3}, while kinetic temperatures are 26.9 K and 52.9 K, respectively. Additionall...

Xu, Jin-Long

2012-01-01

131

A best estimate analysis of LOFT L3-6/L8-1 by RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thermal-hydraulic analysis of LOCE L3-6/L8-1, which is the one of loss-of-coolant experiments (LOCEs) in the loss-of-fluid test (LOFT) facility, was performed by using RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3. Main purpose of the analysis is to assess the capability of the RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code upon the analysis of a small break LOCA in a PWR. The code calculated the thermal-hydraulic behavior in the primary and secondary systems. Calculated results showed good agreement with measured data about break flow, pressure and temperature of the primary system and fluid densities in the intact loop, but the behavior of broken loop and steam generator secondary system were not calculated well. In the course of this analysis, some improvements were found to be necessary on the modeling of pump degradation and coast down, steam generator and stagnant fluid in the broken loop. (author)

1982-01-01

132

Isolation of a new DNA marker in linkage disequilibrium with cystic fibrosis, situated between J3.11 (D7S8) and IRP.  

Science.gov (United States)

A cosmid library of recombinants containing nonmethylated CpG sites for rare-cutter restriction enzymes was used previously to isolate the gene IRP and four polymorphic DNA markers (pPT-3, pXV-2c, pCS.7, and pKM.19) which are close to and in linkage disequilibrium with the cystic fibrosis (CF) mutation. We have analyzed several new clones from the same library and have isolated a further cosmid, cNX.6d, which maps approximately 160 kb from CS.7, in the J3.11 direction. A DNA fragment (pMP6d-9) (D7S399) derived from cosmid cNX.6d detects a frequent polymorphism with MspI. Strong linkage disequilibrium between CF and MP6d-9 is found in European populations. Recombinations in two families suggest that CF is between the MspI polymorphic site recognized by pMP6d-9 and the polymorphism recognized by pJ3.11. The new marker is the closest, to date, to CF and will be useful for prenatal diagnosis and carrier testing. PMID:2565082

Estivill, X; McLean, C; Nunes, V; Casals, T; Gallano, P; Scambler, P; Williamson, R

1989-05-01

133

The in vitro metabolism of Eulan WA New by liver homogenates from freshwater fish.  

Science.gov (United States)

The rate of formation of pentachloro-2-aminodiphenylether (5-PAD) from pentachloro-2-(chloromethylsulphonamido) diphenylether (6-PCSD) by goldfish liver homogenates was studied in a variety of buffers. The highest rate was observed when the homogenate was prepared and assayed in phosphate buffer containing dithiothreitol. The 5-PAD forming activity of liver homogenate preparations from a variety of freshwater fish (goldfish, carp, pike, rainbow trout, perch and eel) showed contrasting species differences. These results could be correlated with information available on the toxicity of the mothproofing agent Eulan WA New (which contains PCSDs) to these fish. PMID:2873942

Machon, A; North, M J; Price, N C; Wells, D E

1986-01-01

134

Self-quenching streamer-tube detectors in the WA80 experiment  

Science.gov (United States)

The copious production of charged particles in nuclues-nucleus collisions at SPS energies necessitated new technical solutions for charged-particle measurements. We describe the construction and performance of the streamer-tube detectors used in the experiment WA80 at CERN. Special attention is given to the developed electronic readout system with serial transmission of data from more than 40000 readout pads. About 100 events per beam spill were collected during data taking. For each event the full angular information is recorded for charged particles with polar angles: 2° < ? < 29°.

Albrecht, R.; Bock, R.; Claesson, G.; Gutbrod, H. H.; Hoffmann, J.; Kolb, B. W.; Kopf, U.; Loos, A.; Lund, I.; Marquardt, M.; Przybyla, A.; Schulze, R.; Siemiarczuk, T.; Eklund, A.; Garpman, S. I. A.; Kristiansson, P.; Berger, F.

1989-03-01

135

State of project and conceptual design work on the WA-350 reprocessing facility  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Within the integrated waste management concept, according to decisions made by government heads of the Federal Government and of the States, construction and operation of a 350-t-U-reprocessing plant is urgently necessary for the maintaining and for further development of the reprocessing technology. Provided that the construction of a WA 350 can be begun in the year 1984, this plant might make its contribution to meet the energy demand from 1993 on. The plant concept, the safety-technical design of the plant and the time table of its construction are explained. (orig./RB)

1981-01-01

136

Sequence analysis and characterization of stutter products at the tetranucleotide repeat locus vWA.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The PCR amplification of tetranucleotide short tandem repeat (STR) loci typically produces a minor product band 4 bp shorter than the corresponding main allele band; this is referred to as the stutter band. Sequence analysis of the main and stutter bands for two sample alleles of the STR locus vWA reveals that the stutter band lacks one repeat unit relative to the main allele. Sequencing results also indicate that the number and location of the different 4 bp repeat units vary between samples...

Walsh, P. S.; Fildes, N. J.; Reynolds, R.

1996-01-01

137

Assessment of encroachment of urban streams in Ghana: a case study of Wa Municipality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper assessed encroachment of streams due to physical development in Wa Urban Area of the Upper West Region of Ghana. The assessment was informed by the recognition that the roles played by streams in flood control are undermined by physical developments. This affects sustainable urban development and renders the urban area vulnerable to floods. The assessment was based on the 300m buffer zone standard set by the Ghana Water Resources Commission as a protective zone for such streams in the country. It is mandatory to offset all physical development from this zone but that is not the situation on the ground. For the purpose of this study each buffer zone was divided into sub-buffer zones of 100m in order to appreciate how far development has moved into the prohibited buffer zone. The streams and physical structures were mapped with a Trimble GPS receiver while land owners and tenants were purposively selected and interviewed. The buffer zone and sub-buffer zones were defined using GIS and overlaid with map of the physical structures. The categories of structures found in the buffer zones were residential (93.4 %, commercial (5.1%, public (1.3% and agriculture (0.2%. The results of the study indicates that more than 50 % of physical structures mapped are located in the inner buffer and the land acquisition process for development of these structures amongst others in Wa is mostly initiated by developers.

Raymond Aabeyir

2014-02-01

138

Land cover dynamics in Wa Municipality, Upper West Region of Ghana  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Land cover change is pervasive in urban areas and can destabilise the ecosystem with negative consequences. To manage land effectively and to protect its cover, there is the need for a reliable inventory. GIS and remote sensing technology has become a standard in producing land cover maps worldwide. Therefore, in this study GIS and remote sensing was used to map the land cover of Wa Municipality of the Upper West Region of Ghana. Two Landsat 5 images of 1986 and 2011 were used. The images were pre-processed, subset to the study area and classified using the maximum likelihood classification algorithm. The map accuracies for the classes of interest; built-up, bare land and vegetation were not less than 70%. The land cover maps generated indicated that built-up area has increased by 34% whiles total size of bare land has increased by 47% from 1986 to 2011.These increases have reduced the total area of vegetated land by 10%. Therefore, if the current rate of degradation is not controlled, biodiversity of Wa and its surrounding areas would be lost in the near future. Also the degradation can intensify floods and droughts and other effects of climate change. The current study has demonstrated the effectiveness of GIS and remote sensing in studying environmental changes taking place in semi-arid regions. The application of remote sensing technologies should be intensified especially in the developing world to continue to provide vital data needed to manage the environment in a sustainable manner.

M.S. Aduah

2012-06-01

139

Contribution to the experimental study of charmed hadrons produced with hyperon beams (WA89 experiment)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since 1989 the author has been involved in the CERN WA89 experiment that is dedicated to the production of charmed hadrons with hyperon beams. The features and the experimental setting of WA89 are presented in the first chapter. The second chapter is dedicated to the on-line and off-line identification of ?0 particles produced in charmed particles decay. The former is made through an adequate trigger and the latter is an event filter based on a fast identification criterion of a likely decay of ?0. The identification of ?0 has required the development of algorithms to test the validity of the track reconstruction in the decay area between the target and the spectrometer and to check the validity of the identification of the decay vertex of ?0. The last chapter is dedicated to data analysis. The identification of DS mesons in K+K-? final state is detailed. An accurate determination of the DS production cross-section is not yet possible because of the low statistics but it was possible to make a preliminary assessment that has given: ? = (1.5 ± 0.7) ?b/nucleon with xF > 0. (A.C.)

1996-01-01

140

Observation of a structure at 1.84GeV/c2 in the 3(?+?-) mass spectrum in J/???3(?+?-) decays  

Science.gov (United States)

With a sample of 225.3×106 J/? events taken with the BESIII detector, the decay J/???3(?+?-) is analyzed. A structure at 1.84GeV/c2 is observed in the 3(?+?-) invariant mass spectrum with a statistical significance of 7.6?. The mass and width are measured to be M=1842.2±4.2-2.6+7.1MeV/c2 and ?=83±14±11MeV. The product branching fraction is determined to be B(J/???X(1840))×B(X(1840)?3(?+?-))=(2.44±0.36-0.74+0.60)×10-5. No ?' signals are observed in the 3(?+?-) invariant mass spectrum, and the upper limit of the branching fraction for the decay ?'?3(?+?-) is set to be 3.1×10-5 at a 90% confidence level.

Ablikim, M.; Achasov, M. N.; Albayrak, O.; Ambrose, D. J.; An, F. F.; An, Q.; Bai, J. Z.; Baldini Ferroli, R.; Ban, Y.; Becker, J.; Bennett, J. V.; Bertani, M.; Bian, J. M.; Boger, E.; Bondarenko, O.; Boyko, I.; Briere, R. A.; Bytev, V.; Cai, H.; Cai, X.; Cakir, O.; Calcaterra, A.; Cao, G. F.; Cetin, S. A.; Chang, J. F.; Chelkov, G.; Chen, G.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, M. L.; Chen, S. J.; Chen, X.; Chen, X. R.; Chen, Y. B.; Cheng, H. P.; Chu, Y. P.; Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Dai, H. L.; Dai, J. P.; Dedovich, D.; Deng, Z. Y.; Denig, A.; Denysenko, I.; Destefanis, M.; Ding, W. M.; Ding, Y.; Dong, L. Y.; Dong, M. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Fava, L.; Feng, C. Q.; Friedel, P.; Fu, C. D.; Fu, J. L.; Fuks, O.; Gao, Y.; Geng, C.; Goetzen, K.; Gong, W. X.; Gradl, W.; Greco, M.; Gu, M. H.; Gu, Y. T.; Guan, Y. H.; Guo, A. Q.; Guo, L. B.; Guo, T.; Guo, Y. P.; Han, Y. L.; Harris, F. A.; He, K. L.; He, M.; He, Z. Y.; Held, T.; Heng, Y. K.; Hou, Z. L.; Hu, C.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, J. F.; Hu, T.; Huang, G. M.; Huang, G. S.; Huang, J. S.; Huang, L.; Huang, X. T.; Huang, Y.; Hussain, T.; Ji, C. S.; Ji, Q.; Ji, Q. P.; Ji, X. B.; Ji, X. L.; Jiang, L. L.; Jiang, X. S.; Jiao, J. B.; Jiao, Z.; Jin, D. P.; Jin, S.; Jing, F. F.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Kopf, B.; Kornicer, M.; Kuehn, W.; Lai, W.; Lange, J. S.; Lara, M.; Larin, P.; Leyhe, M.; Li, C. H.; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D. M.; Li, F.; Li, G.; Li, H. B.; Li, J. C.; Li, K.; Li, Lei; Li, Q. J.; Li, S. L.; Li, W. D.; Li, W. G.; Li, X. L.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, X. R.; Li, Z. B.; Liang, H.; Liang, Y. F.; Liang, Y. T.; Liao, G. R.; Liao, X. T.; Lin, D.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, C. L.; Liu, C. X.; Liu, F. H.; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H.; Liu, H. B.; Liu, H. H.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, H. W.; Liu, J. P.; Liu, K.; Liu, K. Y.; Liu, P. L.; Liu, Q.; Liu, S. B.; Liu, X.; Liu, Y. B.; Liu, Z. A.; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H.; Lou, X. C.; Lu, G. R.; Lu, H. J.; Lu, J. G.; Lu, Q. W.; Lu, X. R.; Lu, Y. P.; Luo, C. L.; Luo, M. X.; Luo, T.; Luo, X. L.; Lv, M.; Ma, C. L.; Ma, F. C.; Ma, H. L.; Ma, Q. M.; Ma, S.; Ma, T.; Ma, X. Y.; Maas, F. E.; Maggiora, M.; Malik, Q. A.; Mao, Y. J.; Mao, Z. P.; Messchendorp, J. G.; Min, J.; Min, T. J.; Mitchell, R. E.; Mo, X. H.; Moeini, H.; Morales Morales, C.; Moriya, K.; Muchnoi, N. Yu.; Muramatsu, H.; Nefedov, Y.; Nicholson, C.; Nikolaev, I. B.; Ning, Z.; Olsen, S. L.; Ouyang, Q.; Pacetti, S.; Park, J. W.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peng, H. P.; Peters, K.; Ping, J. L.; Ping, R. G.; Poling, R.; Prencipe, E.; Qi, M.; Qian, S.; Qiao, C. F.; Qin, L. Q.; Qin, X. S.; Qin, Y.; Qin, Z. H.; Qiu, J. F.; Rashid, K. H.; Rong, G.; Ruan, X. D.; Sarantsev, A.; Shao, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shen, X. Y.; Sheng, H. Y.; Shepherd, M. R.; Song, W. M.; Song, X. Y.; Spataro, S.; Spruck, B.; Sun, D. H.; Sun, G. X.; Sun, J. F.; Sun, S. S.; Sun, Y. J.; Sun, Y. Z.; Sun, Z. J.; Sun, Z. T.; Tang, C. J.; Tang, X.; Tapan, I.; Thorndike, E. H.; Toth, D.; Ullrich, M.; Uman, I.; Varner, G. S.; Wang, B.; Wang, B. Q.; Wang, D.; Wang, D. Y.; Wang, K.; Wang, L. L.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P. L.; Wang, Q. J.; Wang, S. G.; Wang, X. F.; Wang, X. L.; Wang, Y. D.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Y. Q.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. G.; Wang, Z. Y.; Wei, D. H.; Wei, J. B.; Weidenkaff, P.; Wen, Q. G.; Wen, S. P.; Werner, M.; Wiedner, U.; Wu, L. H.; Wu, N.; Wu, S. X.; Wu, W.; Wu, Z.; Xia, L. G.; Xia, Y. X.; Xiao, Z. J.; Xie, Y. G.; Xiu, Q. L.; Xu, G. F.; Xu, G. M.; Xu, Q. J.; Xu, Q. N.; Xu, X. P.; Xu, Z. R.; Xue, Z.; Yan, L.; Yan, W. B.; Yan, Y. H.; Yang, H. X.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y. X.; Ye, H.; Ye, M.; Ye, M. H.; Yu, B. X.; Yu, C. X.; Yu, H. W.; Yu, J. S.; Yu, S. P.; Yuan, C. Z.; Yuan, Y.; Zafar, A. A.; Zallo, A.; Zang, S. L.; Zeng, Y.; Zhang, B. X.; Zhang, B. Y.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, D. H.; Zhang, H. H.; Zhang, H. Y.; Zhang, J. Q.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, J. Y.; Zhang, J. Z.; Zhang, LiLi; Zhang, R.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, X. J.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhang, Zhenghao; Zhao, G.; Zhao, H. S.; Zhao, J. W.; Zhao, K. X.; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M. G.; Zhao, Q.; Zhao, S. J.; Zhao, T. C.; Zhao, X. H.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zhao, Z. G.; Zhemchugov, A.; Zheng, B.; Zheng, J. P.; Zheng, Y. H.; Zhong, B.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, X.; Zhou, X. K.; Zhou, X. R.; Zhu, C.; Zhu, K.; Zhu, K. J.; Zhu, S. H.; Zhu, X. L.; Zhu, Y. C.; Zhu, Y. M.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. A.; Zhuang, J.; Zou, B. S.; Zou, J. H.

2013-11-01

 
 
 
 
141

Wanjiru's search for self in Ngugi wa Thiong'o's "Minutes of glory"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper deals with Ngugi wa Thiong'o's portrayal of the protagonist in his short story "Minutes of Glory". Wanjiru finds herself trapped in an urban setting and is a victim of her situation and low self-esteem. The story is a poignant and touching study of this young woman who is battling with an identity problem and is seeking acceptance in a post-independence setting where women are exploited by men of the New Africa elite. She is regarded as "a wounded bird in flight: a forced landing now and then but nevertheless wobbling from place to place ..." The story affirms female self-realization rather than perpetual self-alienation, and that validates the persistence in attaining her desired goal.

O. G. Mordaunt

1992-01-01

142

WA92: a fixed target experiment to trigger on and identify beauty particle decays  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We describe the detectors and trigger system used in the CERN WA92 experiment. The experiment was designed to study the production and decay of beauty particles from 350 GeV/c ?- interactions in copper and tungsten targets. Charged particle tracking is performed using the omega spectrometer. Silicon microstrip detectors are used to provide precise tracking information in the region of the production and the decay of heavy-flavoured particles and to trigger on the resulting high impact parameter tracks. The precision of vertex reconstruction corresponds to ±3.7% of the mean B-decay proper lifetime. Lepton and high transverse momentum hadron signals are also used in the trigger, which accepts 29% of B-decays and rejects 98% of non-beauty interactions. (orig.)

1996-09-11

143

The mid-rapidity calorimeter for the relativistic heavy-ion experiment WA80 at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A sampling calorimeter designed for use at mid-rapidity in the relativistic heavy-ion experiment WA80 at CERN is described. Calibration and performance results are presented. Over the energy range of 2 to 50 GeV, the response of the mid-rapidity calorimeter was linear, and its energy resolution ?/E was found to be given by 0.014+0.11/?E and 0.034+0.34/?E for electromagnetic and hadronic showers, respectively. Signal ratios of 1.2 and 1.4 were obtained for the e/h ratio of the lead-scintillator electromagnetic section and the iron-scintillator hadronic section, respectively. The calorimeter provided an accurate transverse energy trigger. The response and resolution for high-energy heavy ions were slightly better than anticipated on the basis of the low-energy calibrations. (orig.)

1989-07-15

144

AFB, Wa. Revised Uniform Summary of Surface Weather Observations (RUSSWO). Parts a-f. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report is a six-part statistical summary of surface weather observations for McChord AFB, WA. It contains the following parts: (a) Weather Conditions; Atmospheric Phenomena; (b) Precipitation, Snowfall and Snow Depth (daily amounts and extreme values); (c) Surface winds; (d) Ceiling versus Visibility; Sky Cover; (e) Psychrometric Summaries (daily maximum and minimum temperatures, extreme maximum and minimum temperatures, psychrometric summary of wet-bulb temperature depression versus dry-bulb temperature, means and standard deviations of dry-bulb, wet-bulb and dew point temperatures and relative humidity); and (f) Pressure Summary (means, standard deviations, and observation counts of station pressure and sea-level pressure). Data in this report are presented in tabular form, in most cases in percentage frequency of occurrence or cumulative percentage frequency of occurrence tables.

1980-06-20

145

Measurements of Turbulence at Two Tidal Energy Sites in Puget Sound, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Field measurements of turbulence are pre- sented from two sites in Puget Sound, WA (USA) that are proposed for electrical power generation using tidal current turbines. Rapidly sampled data from multiple acoustic Doppler instruments are analyzed to obtain statistical mea- sures of fluctuations in both the magnitude and direction of the tidal currents. The resulting turbulence intensities (i.e., the turbulent velocity fluctuations normalized by the harmonic tidal currents) are typically 10% at the hub- heights (i.e., the relevant depth bin) of the proposed turbines. Length and time scales of the turbulence are also analyzed. Large-scale, anisotropic eddies dominate the energy spectra, which may be the result of proximity to headlands at each site. At small scales, an isotropic turbulent cascade is observed and used to estimate the dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy. Data quality and sampling parameters are discussed, with an emphasis on the removal of Doppler noise from turbulence statistics.

Thomson, Jim; Polagye, Brian; Durgesh, Vibhav; Richmond, Marshall C.

2012-06-05

146

Ground source heat pump retrofit at North Bonneville, WA City Hall  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1995, the City of North Bonneville, WA installed a 10-ton Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) to replace the electric resistance furnace in its 4,000 square, foot City Hall. North Bonneville is 30 miles east of Portland, Oregon, at river level in the Columbia River Gorge. Funded jointly by the Bonneville Power Administration, the State of Washington and the City, this project has successfully reduced the heating cost of City Hall by nearly one-half while dramatically increasing comfort. It has become a commercial model in the Pacific Northwest for assessing values of commercial GSHP retrofits. This interim report compares estimated savings with actual experience for the first operating year. Projected savings were $1,500; actual savings were $1,390 prior to adjustment for extreme weather. Adjusted savings for Heating Year 1996 were $1,490, a 47 percent decrease. Maintenance savings (not itemized) were in addition to this amount. Monitoring continues in 1997.

Hughey, M. [Skamania Co. PUD No. 1, Carson, WA (United States)

1997-12-31

147

WA92 a fixed target experiment to trigger on and identify beauty particle decays  

CERN Document Server

We describe the detectors and trigger system used in the CERN WA92 experiment. The experiment was designed to study the production and decay of beauty particles from 350 GeV/$c\\,$ $\\,\\pi^-$ interactions in copper and tungsten targets. Charged particle tracking is performed using the Omega spectrometer. Silicon microstrip detectors are used to provide precise tracking information in the region of the production and the decay of heavy-flavoured particles and to trigger on the resulting high impact parameter tracks. The precision of vertex reconstruction corresponds to $\\pm 3.7\\%$ of the mean B-decay proper lifetime. Lepton and high transverse momentum hadron signals are also used in the trigger, which accepts 29\\% of B-decays and rejects 98\\% of non-beauty interactions.

Adamovich, M I; Alexandrov, Yu A; Angelini, C; Antinori, Federico; Bacci, Cesare; Barber, G J; Barberis, D; Barney, D; Batten, J; Beusch, Werner; Bruschini, C; Cardarelli, R; Cardini, A; Casanova, V; Ceradini, F; Ciapetti, G; Dameri, M; Darbo, G; Di Ciaccio, Anna; Duane, A; Dufey, J P; Farthouat, Philippe; Flaminio, Vincenzo; Forino, A; French, Bernard R; Frenkel, A; Gemme, C; Gessaroli, R; Harrison, K; Hummadi, N; Hurst, R B; Kirk, A; Lacava, F; Lassalle, J C; Lazzeroni, C; Malferrari, L; Maljukov, S; Martellotti, G; Martinengo, P; Mazzanti, P; McEwen, J G; Minashvili, I A; Musico, P; Nechaeva, P Yu; Nisati, A; Orestano, D; Osculati, B; Passaseo, M; Penso, G; Petrolo, E; Pontecorvo, L; Quareni, A; Rotscheidt, Herbert; Ryzhov, V; Roda, C; Rossi, L; Rusakovitch, N A; Salvo, C; Santonico, R; Schuler, G A; Semenov, A A; Soloviev, A S; Torelli, M; Veneziano, Stefano; Vernocchi, F; Verzocchi, M; Websdale, David M; Weymann, M; Zanello, L; Zavertyaev, M V

1996-01-01

148

77 FR 42672 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR; and Waitsburg, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR; and Waitsburg, WA AGENCY: Federal...The allotment of Channel 287A at Saint Paul, Arkansas is not currently listed in the...Table of Allotments. Channel 287A at Saint Paul, Arkansas was allotted in MM Docket...

2012-07-20

149

Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, ...

Hurvitz Philip M; Moudon Anne V; Rehm Colin D; Streichert Laura C; Drewnowski Adam

2009-01-01

150

Corrosion Properties of Duplex Stainless Steels - STS329LD and STS329J3L - for the Seawater Systems in Nuclear Power Plant  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Lean duplex stainless steels have been developed in Korea for the purpose of being used in the seawater systems of industry. There are also many important seawater systems in nuclear power plants. These systems supply seawater to cooling water condenser tubes, heat exchanger tubes, related pipes and chlorine injection systems. The flow velocity of some part of seawater systems in nuclear power plants is high and damages of components from corrosion are severe. The considered lean duplex stainless steels are STS329LD (20.3Cr-2.2Ni-1.4Mo) and STS329J3L (22.4Cr-5.7Ni-3Mo) and PRENs of them are 29.4 and 37.3 respectively. Physical, mechanical and micro-structural properties of them are evaluated, and electrochemical corrosion resistance is measured quantitatively in NaCl solution. Critical Pitting Temperatures (CPT)s are measured on these alloys and pit depths are evaluated using laser microscope. Long period field tests on these alloys are now being performed, and some results are going to be presented in the following study.

Chang, Hyun Young; Park, Heung Bae [Korea Electric Power Corporation E and C, Yongin (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Sik [Andong National University, Andong (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Sang Kon [POSCO, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); Jang, Yoon Young [ANSCO, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2011-04-15

151

Corrosion Properties of Duplex Stainless Steels - STS329LD and STS329J3L - for the Seawater Systems in Nuclear Power Plant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Lean duplex stainless steels have been developed in Korea for the purpose of being used in the seawater systems of industry. There are also many important seawater systems in nuclear power plants. These systems supply seawater to cooling water condenser tubes, heat exchanger tubes, related pipes and chlorine injection systems. The flow velocity of some part of seawater systems in nuclear power plants is high and damages of components from corrosion are severe. The considered lean duplex stainless steels are STS329LD (20.3Cr-2.2Ni-1.4Mo) and STS329J3L (22.4Cr-5.7Ni-3Mo) and PRENs of them are 29.4 and 37.3 respectively. Physical, mechanical and micro-structural properties of them are evaluated, and electrochemical corrosion resistance is measured quantitatively in NaCl solution. Critical Pitting Temperatures (CPT)s are measured on these alloys and pit depths are evaluated using laser microscope. Long period field tests on these alloys are now being performed, and some results are going to be presented in the following study

2011-04-01

152

Grzybicza i bakteryjna flora wa?ów paznokciowych u pacjentów z wieloogniskowym zaka?eniem Candida spp.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wst?p: Grzyby z rodzaju Candida i dermatofity odgrywaj? znaczn? rol? w zaka?eniach wa?ów paznokciowych. Cel pracy: Okre?lenie grzybiczej i bakteryjnej flory, chorych na grzybicze zapalenie wa?ów paznokciowych oraz okre?lenie, czy zaka?enia grzybicze u tych pacjentów maj? charakter zaka?enia jednoogniskowego czy s? to zaka?enia wieloogniskowe. Materia? i metody: Badano 31 pacjentów (27 kobiet i 4 m??czyzn. Do bada? bakteriologicznych pobierano materia? z wa?ów paznokciowych, wymaz z jamy ustnej, wymaz z ucha zewn?trznego, mocz, ka? i wymaz z pochwy u kobiet. Hodowane drobnoustroje diagnozowano za pomoc? rutynowych procedur. Lipolityczne i proteolityczne w?a?ciwo?ci grzybów z rodzaju Candida okre?lano wg procedury opisanej przez Staiba i Wernera. W?a?ciwo?ci hydrolityczne Candida spp. by?y okre?lane za pomoc? zestawu API ZYM (bioMerieux. Wra?liwo?? hodowanych grzybów z rodzaju Candida na leki an-tygrzybicze okre?lano pos?uguj?c si? systemem komputerowym (ATB Fungus. Wyniki: Jednoogniskow? infekcj? wywo?an? przez grzyby z rodzaju Candida znaleziono tylko u 4 pacjentów (13,0%, 12 osób (38,7% mia?o 2 ogniska zaka?enia, 13 (41,9% - 3 ogniska zaka?enia, a 2 (6,4% - 4 ogniska zaka?enia spowodowane przez Candida spp. Ze wszystkich pobranych materia?ów najcz??ciej izolowano C. albicans. Ze wzgl?du na ujawniane w?a?ciwo?ci lipolityczne i proteolityczne w?ród szczepów C. albicans wyró?niono 4 wzory enzymatyczne. Porównanie w?a?ciwo?ci enzymatycznych szczepów C. albicans izolowanych z wa?ów paznokciowych i innych ognisk zaka?enia nie wykaza?o ?adnych istotnych ró?nic. W 7 przypadkach szczepy C. albicans izolowane z wa?ów paznokciowych i innych ognisk zaka?enia tego samego pacjenta mia?y identyczne w?a?ciwo?ci enzymatyczne i ten sam wzór lekowra?liwo?ci na leki antygrzybicze. U pozosta?ych pacjentów szczepy C. albicans izolowane z wa?ów paznokciowych i innych ognisk zaka?enia nie wykazywa?y takich podobie?stw. 5-fluorocytozyna, amfoterycyna B i nys-tatyna okaza?y si? najskuteczniejszymi lekami przeciw prawie wszystkim badanym szczepom z rodzaju Candida. Mikrokoki, enterokoki i gronkowce by?y najcz?stszymi bakteriami towarzysz?cymi zaka?eniom wa?ów paznokciowych wywo?anych przez C. albicans. Wnioski: Wi?kszo?? pacjentów choruj?cych na zaka?enie wa?ów paznokciowych wywo?anych przez C. albicans mia?a kilka ognisk zaka?enia i celowe jest poszukiwanie dodatkowych ognisk zaka?enia w ka?dym przypadku grzybiczego zaka?enia wa?ów paznokciowych.

El?bieta Krzemi?ska-Ja?kowiak

2003-12-01

153

Planktonic biomass and physico-chemical parameters in Wa di Haneefah Stream, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A quantitative and qualitative study of phytoplankton and zooplankton community and physico-chemical condition of water at two sites in Wa di Haneefah Stream was carried out on a monthly basis from November, 1993 to October, 1994. Water temperature fluctuated between (13.0 deg. - 40.0 deg.) with ph values (7.1 - 7.4). High concentrations (11.3) and 10.13 mgI-1) of dissolved oxygen in two sites were recorded in April. The contents of chloride, carbonate, bicarbonate and sulphate were max mum in March-May. Different phyto planktonic genera present at the two sites belong to the families, Caryophyllaceae, Cacophony, Decasodium and Bacillanophyceae. Bacillariphyceae was the dominating group throughout the study. These plank tons were more prominent in summer and less in winter months. Zoo planktonic genera consisted mainly of protozoa ns, Rotifers and Crustaceans. These zooplankton s were prominent forming a peak in July and trough in January. the distribution of the generic composition of phyto-and-zooplankton was correlated with some of the physico-chemical changes in the environment. (authors). 36 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs

1998-06-01

154

Study of ?+c production and Pentaquark search in WA89 CERN experiment data  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This thesis is dedicated to the study of the ?c+ charmed baryon and to the ''Pentaquark'' search, within the framework of the CERN WA89 experiment. This fixed target experiment is using a 330 GeV/c hyperon beam. Its aim is the production and the study of baryons carrying charm and strangeness as well as the search of multiquarks. The experimental setup is built around the CERN Omega spectrometer. Production and decay vertices of charmed particles are reconstructed by means of microstrip detectors. Multiwire proportional chambers reconstruct the trajectories in the Omega magnetic field and particle identification is provided by a Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector. An invariant mass signal has been obtained for the ?c+ in the proton-kaon-pion decay channel. Distorsion effects occurring in the event reconstruction have been taken into account in the estimation of the ?c+ lifetime and production cross-section. Finally, the exotic multiquark state ''Pentaquark'' was investigated in the channel proton-phi-pion but no signal was observed. (author). 86 refs., 56 figs

1995-01-01

155

Constraints on $w_0$ and $w_a$ of Dark Energy from High Redshift Gamma Ray Bursts  

CERN Document Server

We extend the Hubble diagram up to $z = 5.6$ using 63 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) via peak energy-peak luminosity relation (so called Yonetoku relation), and obtain constraints on cosmological parameters including dynamical dark energy parametrized by $P/\\rho\\equiv w(z) = w_0 + w_a \\cdot z/(1+z)$. It is found that the current GRB data are consistent with the concordance model, ($\\Omega_m = 0.28, \\Omega_{\\Lambda} = 0.72, w_0 = -1, w_a = 0$), within two sigma level. Although constraints from GRBs themselves are not so strong, they can improve the conventional constraints from SNeIa because GRBs have much higher redshifts. Further we estimate the constraints on the dark-energy parameters expected by future observations with GLAST (Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope) and \\swift by Monte-Carlo simulation. Constraints would improve substantially with another 150 GRBs.

Tsutsui, Ryo; Yonetoku, Daisuke; Murakami, Toshio; Tanabe, Sachiko; Kodama, Yoshiki; Takahashi, Keitaro

2008-01-01

156

Nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 to 200 GeV/nucleon: Results from the WA80 experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results from 16O- and 32S-induced reactions obtained by the WA80 collaboration at the CERN SPS are presented with reference to global event characteristics such as collision geometry, the degree of nuclear stopping, and the energy density attained. Transverse momentum spectra of neutral pions and of direct photons are also presented. At an accuracy within 15% limits, all observed photons are accounted for by known hadronic decays. 13 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab

1990-04-02

157

Nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 to 200 GeV/nucleon: Results from the WA80 experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results from 16O- and 32S-induced reactions obtained by the WA80 collaboration at the CERN SPS are presented with reference to global event characteristics such as collision geometry, the degree of nuclear stopping, and the energy density attained. Transverse momentum spectra of neutral pions and of direct photons are also presented. At an accuracy within 15% limits, all observed photons are accounted for by known hadronic decays. (orig.)

1990-12-03

158

Malaria treatment-seeking behaviour and related factors of Wa ethnic minority in Myanmar: a cross-sectional study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In Southeast Asia, data on malaria treatment-seeking behaviours and related affecting factors are rare. The population of the Wa ethnic in Myanmar has difficulty in accessing formal health care. To understand malaria treatment-seeking behaviour and household-affecting factors of the Wa people, a cross-sectional study carried out in Shan Special Region II, Myanmar. Methods The two methods, questionnaire-based household surveys to household heads and in-depth interviews to key informants, were carried out independently. The proportion of treatment-seeking patterns was calculated. Logistic regression was used to determine affecting factors of treatment-seeking. Qualitative data were analysed by using Text Analysis Markup System. Results Overall, 87.5% of the febrile population sought treatment, but only 32.0% did so within 24 hours. The proportion accessing the retail sector (79.6% was statistically significant higher (P Conclusion Malaria treatment-seeking behaviour is not appropriate, and affecting factors include health service systems, social and cultural factors in Wa State of Myanmar.

Xu Jian-Wei

2012-12-01

159

WaFER: a tool to derive the focal surface of millimeter wave telescopes and characterize their optical response  

Science.gov (United States)

In the framework of the Italian Space Agency (ASI) Technological Developments aimed at the measurement of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarization, a method to define and characterize focal surfaces of millimeter wave telescopes has been implemented in a software package named WaFER (Wave Front Error evaluatoR). The purpose of this tool is to rapidly optimize and characterize wide focal planes providing valuable information to study and optimize high performance telescope configurations. This method is based on the GRASP9 Multi-Reflector GTD for the computation of the weighted wave front error and the software output is the 3D focal surface as the region that minimizes this figure of merit, in terms of feed locations and orientations, for polarization measurements. In addition WaFER provides the main descriptive parameters of the main beams iteratively calculated with the GRASP9 Physical Optics, using the information derived for the evaluated focal surface. The method has been applied at several telescope configurations and WaFER could be used to define the focal surface of any reflector antenna system that can be studied with GRASP9. It can be used to characterize the main beam descriptive parameters also in terms of polarization properties and straylight. Finally, an estimate of the computational time is reported for each computational step (focal surface evaluation, main beam simulations, polarization alignment).

Sandri, M.; Villa, F.; Valenziano, L.

2012-09-01

160

Interacting coastal based ecosystem services: recreation and water quality in Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Coastal recreation and water quality are major contributors to human well-being in coastal regions. They can also interact, creating opportunities for ecosystem based management, ecological restoration, and water quality improvement that can positively affect people and the environment. Yet the effect of environmental quality on human behavior is often poorly quantified, but commonly assumed in coastal ecosystem service studies. To clarify this effect we investigate a water quality dataset for evidence that environmental condition partially explains variation in recreational visitation, our indicator of human behavior. In Puget Sound, WA, we investigate variation in visitation in both visitation rate and fixed effects (FE) models. The visitation rate model relates the differences in annual recreational visitation among parks to environmental conditions, park characteristics, travel cost, and recreational demand. In our FE model we control for all time-invariant unobserved variables and compare monthly variation at the park level to determine how water quality affects visitation during the summer season. The results of our first model illustrate how visitation relates to various amenities and costs. In the FE analysis, monthly visitation was negatively related to water quality while controlling for monthly visitation trends. This indicates people are responding to changes in water quality, and an improvement would yield an increase in the value of recreation. Together, these results could help in prioritizing water quality improvements, could assist the creation of new parks or the modification of existing recreational infrastructure, and provide quantitative estimates for the expected benefits from potential changes in recreational visitation and water quality improvements. Our results also provide an example of how recreational visitation can be quantified and used in ecosystem service assessments.

Kreitler, Jason; Papenfus, Michael; Byrd, Kristin; Labiosa, William

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Arrival time and magnitude of airborne fission products from the Fukushima, Japan, reactor incident as measured in Seattle, WA, USA  

CERN Multimedia

We report results of air monitoring started due to the recent natural catastrophe on March 11, 2011 in Japan and the severe ensuing damage to the Fukushima nuclear reactor complex. On March 17-18, 2011 we detected the first arrival of the airborne fission products 131-I, 132-I, 132-Te, 134-Cs, and 137-Cs in Seattle, WA, USA, by identifying their characteristic gamma rays using a germanium detector. The highest detected activity to date is <~32 mBq/m^3 of 131-I.

Leon, J Diaz; Knecht, A; Miller, M L; Robertson, R G H; Schubert, A G

2011-01-01

162

Contribution to the experimental study of charmed hadrons produced with hyperon beams (WA89 experiment); Contribution a l'etude experimentale des hadrons charmes produits avec un faisceau d'hyperons (experience WA89)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Since 1989 the author has been involved in the CERN WA89 experiment that is dedicated to the production of charmed hadrons with hyperon beams. The features and the experimental setting of WA89 are presented in the first chapter. The second chapter is dedicated to the on-line and off-line identification of {lambda}{sup 0} particles produced in charmed particles decay. The former is made through an adequate trigger and the latter is an event filter based on a fast identification criterion of a likely decay of {lambda}{sup 0}. The identification of {lambda}{sup 0} has required the development of algorithms to test the validity of the track reconstruction in the decay area between the target and the spectrometer and to check the validity of the identification of the decay vertex of {lambda}{sup 0}. The last chapter is dedicated to data analysis. The identification of D{sub S} mesons in K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi} final state is detailed. An accurate determination of the D{sub S} production cross-section is not yet possible because of the low statistics but it was possible to make a preliminary assessment that has given: {sigma} = (1.5 {+-} 0.7) {mu}b/nucleon with x{sub F} > 0. (A.C.)

Berat, C

1996-10-15

163

Niedermatofity wyhodowane z paznokci i wa?ów paznokciowych stóp u ludzi w rejonie ?ódzkim w latach 1987-1996  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Maj?c na wzgl?dzie obserwowany wzrost cz?sto?ci zaka?e? grzybami dro?d?opodobnymi i ple?niowymi,analizowano gatunki grzybów wywo?uj?cych zaka?enia paznokci i wa?ów oko?opaznokciowych stóp u ludzi w regionie ?ódzkim.Oceniano równie? cz?sto?? wyst?powania wy?ej wymienionego schorzenia w zale?no?ci od cech socjomedycznych osób chorych. Badaniem obj?to 25737 osób z podejrzeniem zaka?enia grzybiczego skóry i jej przydatków, kierowanych dopracowni mikologicznych w ?odzi w latach 1987-1996. Pobieranie materia?u i diagnostyk? mikologiczn? przeprowadzano w oparciu o obowi?zuj?ce aktualnie metody laboratoryjne. Potwierdzone laboratoryjnie zaka?enie niedermatofitowe paznokcii wa?ów oko?opaznokciowych stóp rozpoznano u 1631 osób, co stanowi 6,33% osób obj?tych badaniem i ogó?em 23,63% osób z rozpoznanym zaka?eniem niedermatofitowym. Najcz?stszymi czynnikami etiologicznymi by?y: Aspergillus species (72,47%, Scopulariopsis brevicaulis (19,19% i Candida albicans (8,43%. Cz?sto?? wyst?powania omawianego zaka?eniazale?y od cech socjomedycznych chorych.

Franciszek Seneczko

1998-12-01

164

Complete protein sequences of the variable regions of the cloned heavy and light chains of a human anti-cytomegalovirus antibody reveal a striking similarity to human monoclonal rheumatoid factors of the Wa idiotypic family.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The complete amino acid and nucleotide sequences of the variable regions of the heavy and light polypeptide chains of a human neutralizing IgGl anti-cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibody reveal a striking homology to IgM rheumatoid factors (RFs) of the Wa idiotypic family. The anti-CMV antibody and Wa RFs have in common VKIIIb, JKl, and VHIa gene segments but use different DH and JH gene segments. The anti-CMV antibody does not have RF activity and does not express the Wa idiotype. The Wa RFs do not...

Newkirk, M. M.; Gram, H.; Heinrich, G. F.; Ostberg, L.; Capra, J. D.; Wasserman, R. L.

1988-01-01

165

The Tomato 14-3-3 protein TFT4 modulates H+ efflux, basipetal auxin transport, and the PKS5-J3 pathway in the root growth response to alkaline stress.  

Science.gov (United States)

Alkaline stress is a common environmental stress, in particular in salinized soils. Plant roots respond to a variety of soil stresses by regulating their growth, but the nature of the regulatory pathways engaged in the alkaline stress response (ASR) is not yet understood. Previous studies show that PIN-FORMED2, an auxin (indole-3-acetic acid [IAA]) efflux transporter, PKS5, a protein kinase, and DNAJ HOMOLOG3 (J3), a chaperone, play key roles in root H(+) secretion by regulating plasma membrane (PM) H(+)-ATPases directly or by targeting 14-3-3 proteins. Here, we investigated the expression of all 14-3-3 gene family members (TOMATO 14-3-3 PROTEIN1 [TFT1]-TFT12) in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) under ASR, showing the involvement of four of them, TFT1, TFT4, TFT6, and TFT7. When these genes were separately introduced into Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and overexpressed, only the growth of TFT4 overexpressors was significantly enhanced when compared with the wild type under stress. H(+) efflux and the activity of PM H(+)-ATPase were significantly enhanced in the root tips of TFT4 overexpressors. Microarray analysis and pharmacological examination of the overexpressor and mutant plants revealed that overexpression of TFT4 maintains primary root elongation by modulating PM H(+)-ATPase-mediated H(+) efflux and basipetal IAA transport in root tips under alkaline stress. TFT4 further plays important roles in the PKS5-J3 signaling pathway. Our study demonstrates that TFT4 acts as a regulator in the integration of H(+) efflux, basipetal IAA transport, and the PKS5-J3 pathway in the ASR of roots and coordinates root apex responses to alkaline stress for the maintenance of primary root elongation. PMID:24134886

Xu, Weifeng; Jia, Liguo; Shi, Weiming; Baluska, Frantisek; Kronzucker, Herbert J; Liang, Jiansheng; Zhang, Jianhua

2013-12-01

166

Prognosis of groundwater recharge by means of the simulation tool PCSiWaPro® under the conditions of climate change  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent studies showed that varying atmospheric conditions as a result of climate change have a significant impact on the magnitude and time variable development of groundwater recharge. Essentially there are two driving factors that influence groundwater recharge: the temporal distribution of precipitation, and the saturation processes resulting from capillary effects in the unsaturated soil zone. Water balance processes can accurately be modelled by using the Richards' equation for transient flow, together with the Van-Genuchten/Luckner approximation describing hysteresis relationships between water contents and pressure heads in the soil. Precipitation distributions, as boundary conditions for the unsaturated model, can be generated from climate data measurements using statistical analysis tools. These synthetic time series reflect both the real climate conditions in a given model area, as well as statistical variations of rainfall by implementing characteristics of a predefined probability distribution. Depending on the kind of distribution, the resulting time series can represent both annual rainfall variations as well as long-term climate changes. The Institute of Waste Management and Contaminated Site Treatment of the TU Dresden has developed two software programs that help estimate these two driving forces for groundwater recharge. WettGen is a weather generator using a Weibull distribution and Markov chain approximations to create synthetic climate time series. These are applied as an upper boundary condition for PCSiWaPro®, a numerical finite element simulation tool solving the Richards' equation for water balance and a convection dispersion equation for contaminant. The result of this coupled simulation is an outflow at the lower boundary of the PCSiWaPro® model, which can be interpreted as a recharge rate for the underlying aquifer. Considering that climate change scenarios for Germany predict longer dry periods and an increase of extreme precipitation events, simulations showed that groundwater recharge rates tend to decrease. This is due to the fact that during extreme events the maximum infiltration rate is reached much sooner than for rain periods with a lower intensity and a longer duration, leading to higher rates of surface runoff. Current advancements of the existing modelling components include a more accurate estimate of groundwater recharge, which will be achieved by taking into account the interactions between unsaturated soil zone processes and groundwater processes. To implement this, a coupling between PCSiWaPro® and a groundwater simulation software, PCGeofim® by IBGW Leipzig, is currently being worked on. This will not only enhance the accurate estimation of groundwater recharge, but it will also give new insights into which effects different time series of precipitation have on the transport of contaminations through the unsaturated soil zone, and into the groundwater.

Meyer, M.; Sallwey, J.; Hasan, I.; Graeber, P.-W.

2012-04-01

167

Probing the final and initial state in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions-results from the WA98 experiment  

CERN Document Server

Recent results of the WA98 experiment studying 158 A GeV /sup 208/Pb+ /sup 208/Pb collisions at the CERN SPS are presented. Transverse momentum spectra of neutral pions emitted near midrapidity are studied. They exhibit an invariance of the spectral shape and a simple scaling of the yield with the number of participating nucleons for centralities with greater than about 30 participating nucleons. It is shown that neutral pion spectra are not compatible with very low freeze-out temperatures. Directed flow of protons near target rapidity is observed in semi-central collisions, the magnitude being smaller than observed at AGS energies and than RQMD model predictions. Preliminary results on photon production indicate an excess of direct photons over the hadronic decay background. (15 refs).

Peitzmann, Thomas

1999-01-01

168

Online: a program to display histograms and control monitor processes on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

ONLINE is a program which can be launched from any terminal on the WA62 experiment's DEC VAX 11/780 computer when the Native mode data acquisition system is running. It is used to display histograms produced by the various experiment monitor processes running under the system and can establish links with such processes to allow the user to issue monitor commands and change internal monitor process parameters. This report describes the criteria used in the design of ONLINE and shows some of the features of the VAX/VMS Operating System which are used to access histograms produced by monitor processes, to establish communications links with monitor processes and to provide the user with an easy to learn system for the examination of online experimental data in a graphical form. Also given, is a brief account of the way monitor processes are structured and how this structure facilitates user-monitor dialogue. (author)

1981-01-01

169

Sub-millimeter Observations of Giant Molecular Clouds in the Large Magellanic Cloud: Temperature and Density as Determined from J=3-2 and J=1-0 transitions of CO  

CERN Document Server

We have carried out sub-mm 12CO(J=3-2) observations of 6 giant molecular clouds (GMCs) in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) with the ASTE 10m sub-mm telescope at a spatial resolution of 5 pc and very high sensitivity. We have identified 32 molecular clumps in the GMCs and revealed significant details of the warm and dense molecular gas with n(H2) $\\sim$ 10$^{3-5}$ cm$^{-3}$ and Tkin $\\sim$ 60 K. These data are combined with 12CO(J=1-0) and 13CO(J=1-0) results and compared with LVG calculations. We found that the ratio of 12CO(J=3-2) to 12CO(J=1-0) emission is sensitive to and is well correlated with the local Halpha flux. We interpret that differences of clump propeties represent an evolutionary sequence of GMCs in terms of density increase leading to star formation.Type I and II GMCs (starless GMCs and GMCs with HII regions only, respectively) are at the young phase of star formation where density does not yet become high enough to show active star formation and Type III GMCs (GMCs with HII regions and young ...

Minamidani, T; Mizuno, Y; Kawamura, A; Onishi, T; Hasegawa, T; Tatematsu, K; Ikeda, M; Moriguchi, Y; Yamaguchi, N; Ott, J; Wong, T; Müller, E; Pineda, J L; Hughes, A; Staveley-Smith, L; Klein, U; Mizuno, A; NikoliÄ?, S; Booth, R S; Heikkilä, A; Nyman, L -A; Lerner, M; Garay, G; Kim, S; Fujishita, M; Kawase, T; Rubio, M; Fukui, Y

2007-01-01

170

Arc-like distribution of high CO(J=3-2)/CO(J=1-0) ratio gas surrounding the central star cluster of the supergiant HII region NGC 604  

CERN Document Server

We report the discovery of a high CO(J=3-2)/CO(J=1-0) ratio gas with an arc-like distribution (``high-ratio gas arc'') surrounding the central star cluster of the supergiant HII region NGC 604 in the nearby spiral galaxy M 33, based on multi-J CO observations of a 5' $\\times$ 5' region of NGC 604 conducted using the ASTE 10-m and NRO 45-m telescopes. The discovered ``high-ratio gas arc'' extends to the south-east to north-west direction with a size of $\\sim$ 200 pc. The western part of the high-ratio gas arc closely coincides well with the shells of the HII regions traced by H$\\alpha$ and radio continuum peaks. The CO(J=3-2)/CO(J=1-0) ratio, R_{3-2/1-0}, ranges between 0.3 and 1.2 in the observed region, and the R_{3-2/1-0} values of the high-ratio gas arc are around or higher than unity, indicating very warm (T_kin > 60 K) and dense (n(H_2) > 10^{3-4} cm^{-3}) conditions of the high-ratio gas arc. We suggest that the dense gas formation and second-generation star formation occur in the surrounding gas compre...

Tosaki, T; Sawada, T; Kuno, N; Nakanishi, K; Kohno, K; Okumura, S K; Kawabe, R

2007-01-01

171

Nucleus-nucleus collisions at 60 to 200 GeV/nucleon: Photon measurement results from the WA80 experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Photon measurement results from "1"6O+"1"9"7Au reactions at 200 GeV/nucleon obtained by the WA80 collaboration at the CERN SPS are presented. Transverse momentum spectra of neutral pions and of direct photons are shown. At an accuracy within 15% limits, all observed photons are accounted for by known hadronic decays

1990-08-02

172

Human rheumatoid factor crossidiotypes. II. Primary structure-dependent crossreactive idiotype, PSL2-CRI, present on Wa monoclonal rheumatoid factors is present on Bla and other IgM kappa monoclonal autoantibodies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The amino acid sequence of the L-CDR2 (complementarity-determining region) of Bla mRF (monoclonal rheumatoid factor) is identical to that of the Wa mRFs. The PSL2-CRI (crossreactive idiotype), as determined by anti-PSL2, which has been shown to be present on all Wa mRFs, is also present on the Bla mRF and other monoclonal autoantibodies. PSL2-CRI is, therefore, not unique to Wa mRFs and may be present on most IgM kappa monoclonal autoantibodies. Whether PSL2-CRI is a crossidiotype (XId) that ...

1987-01-01

173

Arrival time and magnitude of airborne fission products from the Fukushima, Japan, reactor incident as measured in Seattle, WA, USA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report results of air monitoring started due to the recent natural catastrophe on 11 March 2011 in Japan and the severe ensuing damage to the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear reactor complex. On 17-18 March 2011, we registered the first arrival of the airborne fission products 131I, 132I, 132Te, 134Cs, and 137Cs in Seattle, WA, USA, by identifying their characteristic gamma rays using a germanium detector. We measured the evolution of the activities over a period of 23 days at the end of which the activities had mostly fallen below our detection limit. The highest detected activity from radionuclides attached to particulate matter amounted to 4.4 ± 1.3 mBq m-3 of 131I on 19-20 March. - Highlights: ? We measured the arrival of airborne fission products from the Fukushima reactor incident in Seattle, USA. ? We estimate a transport time of 5-6 days - faster than previously thought. ? From the composition of radionuclides several conclusions are drawn on the state of the reactor at the time of release. ? These data will provide a strong cornerstone in a global analysis of the transport of radionuclides from the reactor incident.

2011-11-01

174

Depth-related influences on biodegradation rates of phenanthrene in polluted marine sediments of Puget Sound, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A whole-core injection method was used to determine depth-related rates of microbial mineralization of 14C-phenanthrene added to both contaminated and clean marine sediments of Puget Sound, WA. For 26-day incubations under micro-aerobic conditions, conversions of 14C-phenanthrene to 14CO2 in heavily PAH-contaminated sediments from two sites in Eagle Harbor were much higher (up to 30%) than those in clean sediments from nearby Blakely Harbor (14C-phenanthrene degradation rates in the surface sediment horizons (0-3 cm) were more rapid (2-3 times) than in the deeper sediment horizons examined (>6 cm), especially in the most PAH polluted EH9 site. Differences in mineralization were associated with properties of the sediments as a function of sediment depth, including grain-size distribution, PAH concentration, total organic matter and total bacterial abundance. When strictly anaerobic incubations (in N2/H2/CO2 atmosphere) were used, the phenanthrene biodegradation rates at all sediment depths were two times slower than under micro-aerobic conditions, with methanogenesis observed after 24 days. The main rate-limiting factor for phenanthrene degradation under anaerobic conditions appeared to be the availability of suitable electron acceptors. Addition of calcium sulfate enhanced the first order rate coefficient (k 1 increased from 0.003 to 0.006 day-1), whereas addition of soluble nitrate, even at very low concentration (1 up to 0.11 day-1)

2006-11-01

175

Development and testing of a Cerenkov counter for hyperon on line tagging (WA89 experiment at CERN)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

HYPOLIT (HYPerons On LIne Tagging) is a new Counter for tagging hyperons on line, in the 250 GeV/c beam (rms 7%) of the second phase of the WA89 experiment at CERN. It is a fast RICH counter with low angular acceptance but a great resolution power. The counter is equipped with a 6 m focal length spherical mirror and a chromatic corrector. The size of the Cerenkov rings is reduced by means of set of two conical mirrors to match the active area of an image intensifier. Its output window is devided into 160 pixels read with 160 photomultipliers via fibre optics. The counter has been tested at CERN in 2, 4 and 8 GeV/c electron beam and in 220 GeV/c pion beam containing also 5.3% kaons and 0.7% antiprotons. A spatial resolution of 0.125 mm was achieved on the radius, which represents 1/5 of the pion-Kaon separation. The ring radius is determined electronically in less than 2.5 microseconds. A Monte-Carlo simulation was performed at 360 GeV/c. It is shown that the tagging is also possible at this energy, despite the ten times greater emittance of this beam, after some modifications on the chromatic corrector and the detection system. (orig.)

1994-01-01

176

MARINE BIOLOGICAL REPORT IN THE NUḪBAT AL-DAHR FĪ Ê¿AǦÃ?ʾIB AL-BARR WA-AL-BAḤR  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

I det arabiske geografiske værk NUḪBAT AL-DAHR FĪ Ê¿AǦâ??ʾIB AL-BARR WA-AL-BAḤR (færdigskrevet mellem 1324 og 1327) fra omtales seks dyr fra Adenbugten. Det dreje sig om savrokke, kuglefisk, pilrokke, pindsvinefisk og hvalhaj. Det sidste dyr har ikke kunnet bestemmes. Artiklen bringer en oversættelse af optegnelsen til engelsk samt bÃ¥de en filologisk som en biologisk kommentar.

Provencal, Philippe

2014-01-01

177

Wa-UM-eii : Hur en koreograf kan använda icke-verbala talakter för att kommunicera med dansare under repetitioner  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A sonification is a nonverbal speech act and might sound like “wa-UM-eii”, or “wooosh!” The purpose of this study was to investigate a choreographer’s use of sonification in dance instructions, to see if there are different types of sonifications and if the use of these might differ with a change in context. Video material capturing the rehearsals of a noted dance company was analyzed using a cognitive ethnography-based approach. Nine different types of sonifications were identified...

Fagergren, Emma

2012-01-01

178

Verification and Translation of "Risalat Latifa fi Bayan al-Iman Lughatan wa Shar'an inda Ahl al-Lisan" by Arslanzade  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The available manuscript is composed of verification and Turkish tranlation of "Risalat Latifa fi Bayan al-Iman Lughatan wa Shar'an inda Ahl al-Lisan" which is related to Kalam in periodical entitled "Ta’lifat al-Marhum Arslanzade", which does consist of Arslanzade Mustafa Efendi’s tractates, and registered in Manisa Province Public Library 45 Hk. No. 5837.

Hilmi Karaa?aç

2012-10-01

179

Identifying Pathfinder Elements for Gold in Multi-Element Soil Geochemical Data from the Wa-Lawra Belt, Northwest Ghana: A Multivariate Statistical Approach  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A multivariate statistical analysis was performed on multi-element soil geochemical data from the Koda Hill-Bulenga gold prospects in the Wa-Lawra gold belt, northwest Ghana. The objectives of the study were to define gold relationships with other trace elements to determine possible pathfinder elements for gold from the soil geochemical data. The study focused on seven elements, namely, Au, Fe, Pb, Mn, Ag, As and Cu. Factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were performed on the ana...

Prosper Mackenzie Nude; John Mahfouz Asigri; Sandow Mark Yidana; Emmanuel Arhin; Gordon Foli; Jacob Mawuko Kutu

2012-01-01

180

Project AProWa: a national view on managing trade-offs between agricultural production and conservation of aquatic ecosystems  

Science.gov (United States)

Swiss agriculture is legally committed to fulfill several, partially conflicting goals such as agricultural production on the one hand and the conservation of natural resources on the other hand. In the context of the research project AProWa ("Agricultural Production and Water"), the relationships between the production aspect and the conservation of aquatic ecosystems is analyzed with a holistic approach. Agricultural production and the protection of water resources have high potential for conflicts: Farmers use ground and surface water to irrigate their fields. On the other hand, drainage systems enable the production on otherwise unfavorably wet soils. These in turn often affect ground water recharge and divert precipitation directly into surface waters, which changes their hydrological regime. Typically, drainage systems also elevate the input of nutrients and pesticides into the water bodies. In general, applied fertilizers, plant protection products, veterinary drugs and phytohormones of cultivated plants are introduced into the ground and surface waters through different processes such as drift, leaching, runoff, preferential flow or erosion. They influence the nutrient cycles and ecological health of aquatic systems. The nutrient and pesticide loss processes themselves can be altered by tillage operations and other agricultural practices. Furthermore, the competition for space can lead to additional conflicts between agriculture and the protection of aquatic ecosystems. For example, channelized or otherwise morphologically changed rivers do not have a natural discharge pattern and are often not suitable for the local flora and fauna; but naturally meandering rivers need space that cannot be used for agriculture. In a highly industrialized and densely populated country like Switzerland, all these potential conflicts are of importance. Although it is typically seen as a water-rich country, local and seasonal overexploitation of rivers through water extraction for irrigation can already be documented. Due to drier summers induced by climate change, this phenomenon is expected to gain more importance in the future. Related to water quantity and quality it is crucial to think about the diverging interests between the supply of the population with national agricultural products and the preservation of the water bodies, their ecological value and their other ecosystem services (e.g. drinking water supply). The project AProWa attempts to elucidate trade-offs of national goals for water protection and agricultural production in Switzerland by involving stakeholders from agricultural administration (Federal Office for Agriculture, FOAG), agricultural research (Agroscope), water research (Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Eawag) and environmental protection (Federal Office for the Environment, FOEN). This is done by applying multi-criteria decision analysis facilitating consensus regarding goals and possible activities and alternatives to reach these goals. This is followed by an evaluation of main conflicts and prioritized research gaps. We present preliminary results from workshops and interdisciplinary discussion groups that encompass an objectives hierarchy reflecting agricultural production and water conservation goals. Furthermore, an inventory of agricultural practices and water protection measures is presented, enabling their evaluation for the provision of agricultural production while sustaining aquatic ecosystems.

Dietzel, Anne; Rahn, Eric; Stamm, Christian

2014-05-01

 
 
 
 
181

Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obtained from King County and from US Census data. Fast food restaurant addresses were obtained from Public Health-Seattle & King County and were geocoded. Fast food density was expressed per tract unit area and per capita. Arterial road density was a measure of vehicular and pedestrian access. Multivariate logistic regression models containing both socioeconomic status and road density were used in data analyses. Results Over one half (53.1% of King County census tracts had at least one fast food restaurant. Mean network distance from dwelling units to a fast food restaurant countywide was 1.40 km, and 1.07 km for census tracts containing at least one fast food restaurant. Fast food restaurant density was significantly associated in regression models with low median household income (p Conclusion No significant association was observed between census tract minority status and fast food density in King County. Although restaurant density was linked to low household incomes, that effect was attenuated by arterial road density. Fast food restaurants in King County are more likely to be located in lower income neighborhoods and higher traffic areas.

Streichert Laura C

2009-07-01

182

Depth-related influences on biodegradation rates of phenanthrene in polluted marine sediments of Puget Sound, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A whole-core injection method was used to determine depth-related rates of microbial mineralization of {sup 14}C-phenanthrene added to both contaminated and clean marine sediments of Puget Sound, WA. For 26-day incubations under micro-aerobic conditions, conversions of {sup 14}C-phenanthrene to {sup 14}CO{sub 2} in heavily PAH-contaminated sediments from two sites in Eagle Harbor were much higher (up to 30%) than those in clean sediments from nearby Blakely Harbor (<3%). The averaged {sup 14}C-phenanthrene degradation rates in the surface sediment horizons (0-3 cm) were more rapid (2-3 times) than in the deeper sediment horizons examined (>6 cm), especially in the most PAH polluted EH9 site. Differences in mineralization were associated with properties of the sediments as a function of sediment depth, including grain-size distribution, PAH concentration, total organic matter and total bacterial abundance. When strictly anaerobic incubations (in N{sub 2}/H{sub 2}/CO{sub 2} atmosphere) were used, the phenanthrene biodegradation rates at all sediment depths were two times slower than under micro-aerobic conditions, with methanogenesis observed after 24 days. The main rate-limiting factor for phenanthrene degradation under anaerobic conditions appeared to be the availability of suitable electron acceptors. Addition of calcium sulfate enhanced the first order rate coefficient (k {sub 1} increased from 0.003 to 0.006 day{sup -1}), whereas addition of soluble nitrate, even at very low concentration (<0.5 mM), inhibited mineralization. Long-term storage of heavily polluted Eagle Harbor sediment as intact cores under micro-aerobic conditions also appeared to enhance anaerobic biodegradation rates (k {sub 1} up to 0.11 day{sup -1})

Tang, Yinjie J. [Keasling Lab, Biophysics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Biophysics Division, 717 Potter Street, Bldlg 977 MC 3224, Berkeley, CA 94720-3224 (United States)]. E-mail yjtang@lbl.gov; Carpenter, Shelly D. [School of Oceanography, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Deming, Jody W. [School of Oceanography, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Krieger-Brockett, Barbara [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)

2006-11-15

183

The geographic distribution of obesity by census tract among 59?767 insured adults in King County, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective:To evaluate the geographic concentration of adult obesity prevalence by census tract (CT) in King County, WA, in relation to social and economic factors.Methods and design:Measured heights and weights from 59?767 adult men and women enrolled in the Group Health (GH) healthcare system were used to estimate obesity prevalence at the CT level. CT-level measures of socioeconomic status (SES) were median home values of owner-occupied housing units, percent of residents with a college degree and median household incomes, all drawn from the 2000 Census. Spatial regression models were used to assess the relation between CT-level obesity prevalence and socioeconomic variables.Results:Smoothed CT obesity prevalence, obtained using an Empirical Bayes tool, ranged from 16.2-43.7% (a 2.7-fold difference). The spatial pattern of obesity was non-random, showing a concentration in south and southeast King County. In spatial regression models, CT-level home values and college education were more strongly associated with obesity than household incomes. For each additional $100?000 in median home values, CT obesity prevalence was 2.3% lower. The three SES factors together explained 70% of the variance in CT obesity prevalence after accounting for population density, race/ethnicity, age and spatial dependence.Conclusions:To our knowledge, this is the first report to show major social disparities in adult obesity prevalence at the CT scale that is based, moreover, on measured heights and weights. Analyses of data at sufficiently fine geographic scale are needed to guide targeted local interventions to stem the obesity epidemic. PMID:24037278

Drewnowski, A; Rehm, C D; Arterburn, D

2014-06-01

184

Identifying sediment sources and quantifying rates of erosion along the North Fork Toutle River near Mount St. Helens, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Traditional methods for measuring surface erosion are labor intensive and subject to large uncertainty due to the spatial variability in topography and stochastic nature of sediment transport processes. High-resolution Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) measurements of surface topography have the potential to shorten the time involved in taking measurements as well as improve the accuracy of the surface change data. In this presentation we describe a pilot project that uses TLS to track erosion and deposition along the North Fork Toutle River (NFTR) near Mount St. Helens, WA. Since the May 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, the NFTR has been incising through the deposits of the massive debris avalanche generated at the start of the eruption. These deposits are still largely free of vegetation and present an ideal opportunity to examine erosional processes. In August, 2010, we performed initial surveys of two 0.5-km-long swaths of representative areas of the NFTR valley. Each of the two 250-300-meter diameter survey areas was scanned from multiple positions at cm-level spacing, and the resulting point cloud was georeferenced using co-located GPS. Measurements from this year's campaign will be used to develop a baseline digital elevation model (DEM) to track future changes in side-slope and valley-floor topography. Data from overlapping scans from this initial survey will be used to further evaluate the resolution of surface change measurements. In subsequent campaigns, the same areas will be mapped, and by differencing the scanned surfaces, we hope to identify prominent sediment sources and develop fine-scale quantitative estimates of localized erosion and deposition. In the long term we expect to use these surveys to test hypotheses regarding the relative contributions of sediment eroded from hillslopes versus sediment eroded from the valley floor.

Pitlick, J.; Meertens, C. M.; Major, J. J.; Normandeau, J.; Spicer, K.

2010-12-01

185

Microbial community changes during sustained Cr(VI) reduction at the 100H site in Hanford, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Hexavalent Chromium is a widespread contaminant found in soil, sediment, and groundwater. In order to stimulate microbially-mediated reduction of Cr(VI), a poly-lactate compound (HRC) was injected into the Chromium-contaminated aquifer at the Hanford (WA) 100H site in 2004. Cr(VI) concentrations rapidly declined to below the detection limit and remained so for more than three years after injection. Based on the results of the bacterial community composition using high-density DNA 16S rRNA gene microarrays, we observed the community to transition through denitrifying, ironreducing and sulfate-reducing populations. As a result, we specifically focused isolation efforts on three bacterial species that were significant components of the community. Positive enrichments in defined anaerobic media resulted in the isolation of an iron-reducing Geobacter metallireducens-like isolate, a sulfate-reducing Desulfovibrio vukgaris-like strain and a nitrate-reducing Pseudomonas stutzeri-like isolate among several others. All of these isolates were capable of reducing Cr(VI) anoxically and have been submitted for genome sequencing to JGI. To further characterize the microbial, and geochemical mechanisms associated with in situ Cr(VI) reduction at the site, additional HRC was injected in 2008. The goal was to restimulate the indigenous microbial community and to regenerate the reducing conditions necessary for continued Cr(VI) bio-immobilization in the groundwater. Analysis of the microbial populations post-injection revealed that they recovered to a similar density as after the first injection in 2004. In this study, we present the results from our investigation into microbially-mediated Cr(VI) reduction at Hanford, and a comparison of the microbial community development following two HRC injections four years apart.

Chakraborty, Romy; Brodie, Eoin L; Faybishenko, Boris; Piceno, Yvette M; Tom, Lauren; Choudhuri, Swati; Beller, Harry R; Liu, Jenny; Torok, Tamas; Joyner, Dominique C; Joachimiak, Marcin P; Zhou, Aifen; Van Nostrand, Joy D; Zhou, Joe; Long, Phil E; Newcomer, Darrell R; Andersen, Gary L; Hazen, Terry C.

2010-05-17

186

At WA9  

CERN Multimedia

The Clermont-Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon- Uppsala Collaboration set-up this experiment in the H3 beam of the West Hall for a high precision study of elastic scattering of negative pions on protons, in the Coulomb interference region, in the energy region between 30 and 140 GeV. Here, on the left, centre, the proton recoil spectrometer IKAR which consisted of a ionization chamber filled with hydrogen at 1000 kPa, the gas serving both as target and ionization medium. The experiment also included a forward MWPC spectrometer. On the right, Tord Ekelöf.

1977-01-01

187

Geochemical and geophysical examination of submarine groundwater discharge and associated nutrient loading estimates into Lynch Cove, Hood Canal, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

Geochemical tracer data (i.e., 222Rn and four naturally occurring Ra isotopes), electromagnetic (EM) seepage meter results, and high-resolution, stationary electrical resistivity images were used to examine the bi-directional (i.e., submarine groundwater discharge and recharge) exchange of a coastal aquifer with seawater. Our study site for these experiments was Lynch Cove, the terminus of Hood Canal, WA, where fjord-like conditions dramatically limit water column circulation that can lead to recurring summer-time hypoxic events. In such a system a precise nutrient budget may be particularly sensitive to groundwater-derived nutrient loading. Shore-perpendicular time-series subsurface resistivity profiles show clear, decimeter-scale tidal modulation of the coastal aquifer in response to large, regional hydraulic gradients, hydrologically transmissive glacial terrain, and large (4-5 m) tidal amplitudes. A 5-day 222Rn time-series shows a strong inverse covariance between 222Rn activities (0.5-29 dpm L(-1)) and water level fluctuations, and provides compelling evidence for tidally modulated exchange of groundwater across the sediment/water interface. Mean Rn-derived submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) rates of 85 +/- 84 cm d(-1) agree closely in the timing and magnitude with EM seepage meter results that showed discharge during low tide and recharge during high tide events. To evaluate the importance of fresh versus saline SGD, Rn-derived SGD rates (as a proxy of total SGD) were compared to excess 226Ra-derived SGD rates (as a proxy for the saline contribution of SGD). The calculated SGD rates, which include a significant (>80%) component of recycled seawater, are used to estimate associated nutrient (NH4+, Si, PO4(3-), NO3 + NO2, TDN) loads to Lynch Cove. The dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN = NH4 + NO2 + NO3) SGD loading estimate of 5.9 x 10(4) mol d(-1) is 1-2 orders of magnitude larger than similar estimates derived from atmospheric deposition and surface water runoff, respectively. PMID:17993143

Swarzenski, Peter W; Simonds, F William; Paulson, Anthony J; Kruse, Sarah; Reich, Chris

2007-10-15

188

Geochemical and geophysical examination of submarine groundwater discharge and associated nutrient loading estimates into lynch cove, Hood Canal, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Geochemical tracer data (i.e., 222Rn and four naturally occurring Ra isotopes), electromagnetic (EM) seepage meter results, and high-resolution, stationary electrical resistivity images were used to examine the bi-directional (i.e., submarine groundwater discharge and recharge) exchange of a coastal aquifer with seawater. Our study site for these experiments was Lynch Cove, the terminus of Hood Canal, WA, where fjord-like conditions dramatically limit water column circulation that can lead to recurring summer-time hypoxic events. In such a system a precise nutrient budget may be particularly sensitive to groundwater-derived nutrient loading. Shore-perpendicular time-series subsurface resistivity profiles show clear, decimeter-scale tidal modulation of the coastal aquifer in response to large, regional hydraulic gradients, hydrologically transmissive glacial terrain, and large (4-5 m) tidal amplitudes. A 5-day 222Rn time-series shows a strong inverse covariance between 222Rn activities (0.5-29 dpm L -1) and water level fluctuations, and provides compelling evidence for tidally modulated exchange of groundwater across the sediment/water interface. Mean Rn-derived submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) rates of 85 ?? 84 cm d-1 agree closely in the timing and magnitude with EM seepage meter results that showed discharge during low tide and recharge during high tide events. To evaluate the importance of fresh versus saline SGD, Rn-derived SGD rates (as a proxy of total SGD) were compared to excess 226Ra-derived SGD rates (as a proxy for the saline contribution of SGD). The calculated SGD rates, which include a significant (>80%) component of recycled seawater, are used to estimate associated nutrient (NH 4+, Si, PO43-, NO3 + NO2, TDN) loads to Lynch Cove. The dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN = NH4 + NO2 + NO3) SGD loading estimate of 5.9 ?? 104 mol d-1 is 1-2 orders of magnitude larger than similar estimates derived from atmospheric deposition and surface water runoff, respectively. ?? 2007 American Chemical Society.

Swarzenski, P. W.; Simonds, F. W.; Paulson, A. J.; Kruse, S.; Reich, C.

2007-01-01

189

Strange particle production p-Be, p-Pb, Pb-Pb at 158 A GeV/c (WA97 experiment)  

CERN Document Server

The CERN experiment WA97, which studies strange particle production at central rapidity in Pb-Pb, p-Pb, p-Be collisions at 158 A GeV/c, has already reported a pronounced enhancement of hyperon production. This is considered as a sensitive signature for a phase transition to a new state of matter-the quark gluon plasma (QGP). A comprehensive study, including the most recent results, of yields and transverse mass spectra of K/sub S//sup 0/, Lambda , Xi /sup -/, Omega /sup -/ (and antiparticles) and negative particles as a function of the number of nucleons participating in the collisions is presented. (11 refs).

Antinori, Federico; Beusch, Werner; Bloodworth, Ian J; Caliandro, R; Carrer, N; Di Bari, D; Di Liberto, S; Elia, D; Evans, D; Fanebust, K; Fini, R A; Ftácnik, J; Ghidini, B; Grella, G; Helstrup, H; Holme, A K; Huss, D; Jacholkowski, A; Jones, G T; Kinson, J B; Knudson, K; Králik, I; Lenti, V; Lietava, R; Loconsole, R A; Løvhøiden, G; Manzari, V; Mazzoni, M A; Meddi, F; Michalon, A; Michalon-Mentzer, M E; Morando, M; Norman, P I; Pastircák, B; Quercigh, Emanuele; Romano, G; Safarík, K; Sándor, L; Segato, G F; Staroba, P; Thompson, M; Thorsteinsen, T F; Torrieri, G D; Tveter, T S; Urbán, J; Villalobos Baillie, O; Virgili, T; Votruba, M F; Závada, P

2001-01-01

190

Transpiration, growth and latex production of a Hevea brasiliensis stand facing drought in Northeast Thailand : the use of the WaNuLCAS model as an exploratory tool  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In order to get the benefit of the growing world demand for natural rubber, Hevea brasiliensis is increasingly planted in drought-prone areas, such as in the southern part of northeast Thailand. Modelling can be a useful approach in identifying key points of improvement for rubber tree cultivation in such waterlimited areas. The first objective of this study was to test the possibility of using the Water Nutrients and Light Capture in Agroforestry Systems (WaNuLCAS) model as an exploratory to...

Boithias, Laurie; Do, Frederic; Isarangkool Na Ayutthaya, Supat; Junjittakarn, Junyia; Siltecho, S.; Hammecker, Claude

2012-01-01

191

March 17-19, 2004: The Early Detection Research Network Conference/Workshop on the Analysis of Proteomic Spectral Data Including SELDI/MALDI-TOF-MS Applications; Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Date/Location March 17-19, 2004 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA Hosted by: The University of Alabama at Birmingham Principal Investigator: William E. Grizzle, MD, PhD (Validation Laboratory of the EDRN) & The Fred Hutchinson Cancer

192

Air quality in the interior space of transport vehicles. Summary of the results of the Ninth WaBoLu Indoor Air Congress from 6 to 8 May 2002 at the German Federal Environmental Office; Luftqualitaet in Innenraeumen von Verkehrsmitteln. Zusammenfassung der Ergebnisse der 9. WaBoLu-Innenraumtage vom 6. bis 8. Mai 2002 im Umweltbundesamt  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Altogether the lectures given at the Ninth WaBoLu Indoor Air Congress showed that air pollution in the interior space of transport vehicles can contribute to human overall pollutant intake. A distinction must be made between pollutants and contaminants entering from outside while airing and pollutants emitted from materials inside the transport vehicle. An issue that deserves special consideration in this connection is disinfestation in airplanes. Further research is needed to be able to assess the hazard potential of such disinfestation measures for passengers and the airplane crew. A need for further investigation and in particular monitoring exists also for other transport vehicles if inconveniences and health hazards to vehicle occupants are to be avoided. This applies especially when long periods of time are spent inside a vehicle. [German] Insgesamt betrachtet haben die Vortraege bei den 9. WaBoLu-Innenraumtagen gezeigt, dass Luftbelastungen in Innenraeumen von Verkehrsmitteln zur Gesamtschadstoffaufnahme des Menschen beitragen koennen. Dabei ist zu unterscheiden zwischen von aussen beim Lueften eingetragenen Verunreinigungen und Schadstoffen, die aus Materialien im Innenraum der Verkehrsmittel emittiert werden. Eine besondere Situation stellt in diesem Zusammenhang die in Flugzeugen vorgenommene Entwesung dar. Hier ist weiterer Forschungsbedarf vonnoeten, um das genaue Gefaehrdungspotenzial fuer Passagiere und Bordpersonal bei der Durchfuehrung solcher Desinfektionen abzuschaetzen. Weiterer Untersuchungs- und vor allem Kontrollbedarf besteht auch bei den anderen Verkehrsmitteln, um Belaestigungen und gesundheitliche Gefaehrdungen der Fahrzeuginsassen, insbesondere bei laengeren Aufenthalten im Verkehrsmittel, zu vermeiden. (orig.)

Moriske, H.J. [Umweltbundesamt Berlin (Germany)

2002-09-01

193

75 FR 27776 - City of Seattle, Public Utility District No. 1 of Pend Orielle County; Notice of Technical...  

Science.gov (United States)

...held on Thursday, June 10, 2010, beginning at 9 a.m. (PST) at Quality Inn Oakwood, 7919 North Division, Spokane, WA...should meet at the Boundary powerhouse gate at 10:15 a.m. (PST). For those persons only interested in the Sullivan Creek...

2010-05-18

194

Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (Kd) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Qmax based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 deg. C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process.

2010-07-15

195

Molecular and phenetic characterization of the bacterial assemblage of Hot Lake, WA, an environment with high concentrations of magnesium sulphate, and its relevance to Mars  

Science.gov (United States)

Hot Lake (Oroville, WA) is an athalassohaline epsomite lake that can have precipitating concentrations of MgSO4 salts, mainly epsomite. Little biotic study has been done on epsomite lakes and it was unclear whether microbes isolated from epsomite lakes and their margins would fall within recognized halotolerant genera, common soil genera or novel phyla. Our initial study cultivated and characterized epsotolerant bacteria from the lake and its margins. Approximately 100 aerobic heterotrophic microbial isolates were obtained by repetitive streak-plating in high-salt media including either 10% NaCl or 2 M MgSO4. The collected isolates were all bacteria, nearly evenly divided between Gram-positive and Gram-negative clades, the most abundant genera being Halomonas, Idiomarina, Marinobacter, Marinococcus, Nesterenkonia, Nocardiopsis and Planococcus. Bacillus, Corynebacterium, Exiguobacterium, Kocuria and Staphylococcus also were cultured. This initial study included culture-independent community analysis of direct DNA extracts of lake margin soil using PCR-based clone libraries and 16S rRNA gene phylogeny. Clones assigned to Gram-positive bacterial clades (70% of total clones) were dominated by sequences related to uncultured actinobacteria. There were abundant Deltaproteobacteria clones related to bacterial sulphur metabolisms and clones of Legionella and Coxiella. These epsomite lake microbial communities seem to be divided between bacteria primarily associated with hyperhaline environments rich in NaCl and salinotolerant relatives of common soil organisms. Archaea appear to be in low abundance and none were isolated, despite near-saturated salinities. Growth of microbes at very high concentrations of magnesium and other sulphates has relevance to planetary protection and life-detection missions to Mars, where scant liquid water may form as deliquescent brines and appear as eutectic liquids.

Kilmer, Brian R.; Eberl, Timothy C.; Cunderla, Brent; Chen, Fei; Clark, Benton C.; Schneegurt, Mark A.

2014-01-01

196

Fibraty - dlaczego wa?ne? Statyny - dlaczego wa?niejsze?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Fibraty i statyny stanowi? obecnie podstawowe leki hipolipemizuj?ce w praktyce klinicznej. W ostatnim czasie wzrasta rola statyn, chocia? pojawiaj? si? równie? interesuj?ce doniesienia o roli fibratów w farmakoterapii kardiologicznej. Aktualnie - po publikacji wyników badania HPS {Heart Protection Study - statyny zyska?y kolejne dowody kliniczne na rzecz ich szerszego stosowania. Niniejsza debata ma celu skonfrontowanie tych dwóch grup leków pod k?tem ich dzia?ania farmakologicznego i dowodów pochodz?cych z kontrolowanych bada? ?wiadcz?cych o ich korzystnym wp?ywie. Dwaj uczestnicy debaty - reprezentuj?cy odpowiednio fibraty i statyny - poproszeni zostali o ustosunkowanie si? do trzech kwestii: podstaw epidemiologicznych stosowania tych grup leków, efektów dzia?ania statyn i fibratów w praktyce klinicznej oraz dowodów p?yn?cych z bada? klinicznych nad tymi lekami (evidence-based medicine. Ka?dy z uczestników dyskusji podsumowa? te? swoje stanowisko wzgl?dem obecnego statusu terapeutycznego grupy leków, któr? przedstawia?.

Jacek Lewandowski

2002-09-01

197

Boeing Aerospace Co., Seattle, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A two stage subharmonic injector has been installed and tested on the Boeing S band linac. The injector is designed as a prototype front end for a high voltage linac for free electron laser research. This accelerator will require long macropulse trains of widely spaced high current micropulses. Single micropulse output beams of 1-2 nC, 10 ps width, 1% full width energy spread and normalized emittance of epsilon/sub n/ = ???rphi = 0.01 cm-rad have been measured. The data are in good agreement with model predictions

1985-05-13

198

WA zircon undermines major theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Analysis of a tiny zircon crystal found in Western Australia suggests the Earth had oceans and continents just 50 million years after a giant impact was supposed to have melted the planet and formed the Moon. The 200-micron crystal comes from ancient rocks in the remote Jack Hills area. Radiometric dating puts its age at 4.404 billion years, more than 100 million years older than the next-oldest known fragment of the Earth. More surprisingly, the ratio of oxygen isotopes indicates the material that formed the zircon had reacted with liquid water - suggesting the Earth had oceans much earlier than anyone had expected. The conventional model is that the top 1000 kilometres of the Earth was molten rock at the time, says John Valley, a geologist at the University of Wisconsin in Madison. The Earth formed 4.55 billion years ago, but the impact of a Mars-sized body about 4.45 billion years ago was thought to have melted the planet again and splashed material into space which formed the Moon. The discovery presents 'real problems' for the lunar impact theory, according to Allan Treiman of the Lunar and Planetary Institute in Houston. On impact. 'an incredible amount of heat gets dumped into the Earth - all the heat of the impact, plus the heat of the object's core' he said. Cooling would take a long time. With only 50 million years between the supposed impact and the time the zircon formed, 'you're running out of time to create the Moon and have the Earth cool down enough to have oceans,' Treiman said. Although a magma ocean might lose heat quickly, cooling would slow once a solid crust covered the liquid. The ancient zircon suggests the Earth's surface was solid rock 4.4 billion years ago, and had even developed continents. Zircons normally form in granites or andesites and these rocks result from the melting of crustal rock and subsequent eruption on continents. The isotope concentration of 180 in the zircon indicates the rocks that melted had previously reacted with liquid water. This implies that surface temperatures were not above 100 deg C at the time. The original rock in which the zircon formed eroded away billions of years ago, but the hard grain survived and was incorporated in a sedimentary rock in the ancient heart of Australia

2001-01-01

199

Characterization of Sheet Fracture Patterns in Polygonal-Jointed Lavas at Kokostick Butte, OR, and Mazama Ridge, WA: Investigation and Interpretation of Their Formation and Significance  

Science.gov (United States)

Polygonal joints in lava flows ("columns") are commonly equant leading to a model of formation associated with cooling in an isotropic stress field. This model, however, does not explain rectangular columns, sheet-like fractures, fractures with crosscutting relationships, and fractures with orientations other than perpendicular to the cooling surface. These fracture patterns are often observed at glaciated volcanoes. The presence of preferential fracture orientations suggests an applied stress component likely due to environmental conditions such as the presence of glaciers or flow dynamics such as down-slope settling or flow margin inflation. During this study we investigated the formation and significance of these non-equant fracture patterns to propose a model for their formation. These `abnormal' fracture patterns have not been discussed in the literature and may be important to better understanding the cooling conditions of such lava flows. To test these possibilities we studied Kokostick Butte dacite flow, OR (near South Sister), and Mazama Ridge andesite flow at Mount Rainier, WA. Both of these flows have well developed sheet-like fractures and display evidence of ice-contact during eruption and emplacement. Sheet fractures are long and continuous fractures that have perpendicular connecting fractures forming rectangular columns. The sheet-like fractures are largely parallel to each other on the exposure surface and the connecting fractures vary locally from primary fractures (associated with cooling toward flow interior) to secondary fractures (associated with cooling by water infiltration). Detailed measurements of fracture orientations and spacing were collected at Kokostick Butte and Mazama Ridge to examine the relationship between the sheet fractures and flow geometry. Preliminary results support this relationship and suggest these patterns likely form due to shear associated with small amounts of flow advance by the rapidly cooling lava. Laboratory studies have been undertaken to complement the field observations and measurements. Starch- water experiments have been proven a useful analogue for lava column formation. Various experimental setups involving different mixture thicknesses and compression of the mixture were utilized to simulate the stresses acting during ponding of lava against glacial ice and to produce different fracture morphologies and patterns. Initial results show that compression of the starch slurry results in non-equant fracture patterns with some sheet-like fracturing present.

Lodge, R. W.; Lescinsky, D. T.

2006-12-01

200

Fracture patterns at lava-ice contacts on Kokostick Butte, OR, and Mazama Ridge, Mount Rainier, WA: Implications for flow emplacement and cooling histories  

Science.gov (United States)

Cooling lava commonly develop polygonal joints that form equant hexagonal columns. Such fractures are formed by thermal contraction resulting in an isotropic tensional stress regime. However, certain linear cooling fracture patterns observed at some lava-ice contacts do not appear to fit the model for formation of cooling fractures and columns because of their preferred orientations. These fracture types include sheet-like (ladder-like rectangular fracture pattern), intermediate (pseudo-aligned individual column-bounding fractures), and pseudopillow (straight to arcuate fractures with perpendicular secondary fractures caused by water infiltration) fractures that form the edges of multiple columns along a single linear fracture. Despite the relatively common occurrence of these types of fractures at lava-ice contacts, their significance and mode of formation have not been fully explored. This study investigates the stress regimes responsible for producing these unique fractures and their significance for interpreting cooling histories at lava-ice contacts. Data was collected at Kokostick Butte dacite flow at South Sister, OR, and Mazama Ridge andesite flow at Mount Rainier, WA. Both of these lava flows have been interpreted as being emplaced into contact with ice and linear fracture types have been observed on their ice-contacted margins. Two different mechanisms are proposed for the formation of linear fracture networks. One possible mechanism for the formation of linear fracture patterns is marginal bulging. Melting of confining ice walls will create voids into which flowing lava can deform resulting in margin-parallel tension causing margin-perpendicular fractures. If viewed from the ice-wall, these fractures would be steeply dipping, linear fractures. Another possible mechanism for the formation of linear fracture types is gravitational settling. Pure shear during compression and settling can result in a tensional environment with similar consequences as marginal inflation. In addition to this, horizontally propagating cooling fractures will be directly influenced by viscous strain caused by the settling of the flow. This would cause preferential opening of fractures horizontally, resulting in vertically oriented fractures. It is important to note that the proposed model for the formation of linear fractures is dependent on contact with and confinement by glacial ice. The influence of flow or movement on cooling fracture patterns has not been extensively discussed in previous modeling of cooling fractures. Rapid cooling of lava by the interaction with water and ice will increase the ability to the capture and preserve perturbations in the stress regime.

Lodge, Robert W. D.; Lescinsky, David T.

2009-09-01

 
 
 
 
201

Search of the signals related to the disoriented chiral condensate in the data of the Pb + Pb reaction at 158 A.GeV from the WA98 experiment; Researche de signaux lies au condense chiral desoriente dans les donnes 158 AGeV Pb + Pb de l`experience WA98  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We used the multiplicity detectors of the WA98 apparatus for the Disoriented Chiral Condensate search (DDC). We developed a method of event selection based on 2-D wavelet transformation for the search of {pi}{sup 0} or {pi}{sup +-} clusters. We use also this method for the localization and characterization of clusters in terms of position and internal structure. The wavelet transformation singles out the signal at every scale in coefficients of two types: those corresponding to a signal smoothing and the wavelet coefficients sensible to signal density variations in case of a 2 D point distribution. By summing over the squared values of the last ones at every scale one can build the strength spectrum which is flat for a uniform distribution and the coefficients of which are sensible to cluster size. This spectrum was used to select the most structured candidates. The authors intend to extend this study by correlating different analysis scales as well as photons and charged particle clusters

Bernier, T.; Gutbrod, H.H.; Jouault, B.; Nayak, S.; Luquin, L.; Pinganaud, W.; Sebille, F.; Roy, C.; Retiere, F. [Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et des Technologies Associees - SUBATECH, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 44 - Nantes (France); WA98 Collaboration

1997-10-01

202

Study of {Lambda}{sup +}{sub c} production and Pentaquark search in WA89 CERN experiment data; Etude de la production du {Lambda}{sup +}{sub c} et recherche du Pentaquark dans les donnees de l`experience WA89 du CERN  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This thesis is dedicated to the study of the {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} charmed baryon and to the ``Pentaquark`` search, within the framework of the CERN WA89 experiment. This fixed target experiment is using a 330 GeV/c hyperon beam. Its aim is the production and the study of baryons carrying charm and strangeness as well as the search of multiquarks. The experimental setup is built around the CERN Omega spectrometer. Production and decay vertices of charmed particles are reconstructed by means of microstrip detectors. Multiwire proportional chambers reconstruct the trajectories in the Omega magnetic field and particle identification is provided by a Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector. An invariant mass signal has been obtained for the {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} in the proton-kaon-pion decay channel. Distorsion effects occurring in the event reconstruction have been taken into account in the estimation of the {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} lifetime and production cross-section. Finally, the exotic multiquark state ``Pentaquark`` was investigated in the channel proton-phi-pion but no signal was observed. (author). 86 refs., 56 figs.

Charignon, F.

1995-01-01

203

An unedited 1.1 kb mitochondrial orfB gene transcript in the Wild Abortive Cytoplasmic Male Sterility (WA-CMS system of Oryza sativa L. subsp. indica  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The application of hybrid rice technology has significantly increased global rice production during the last three decades. Approximately 90% of the commercially cultivated rice hybrids have been derived through three-line breeding involving the use of WA-CMS lines. It is believed that during the 21st century, hybrid rice technology will make significant contributions to ensure global food security. This study examined the poorly understood molecular basis of the WA-CMS system in rice. Results RFLPs were detected for atp6 and orfB genes in sterile and fertile rice lines, with one copy of each in the mt-genome. The RNA profile was identical in both lines for atp6, but an additional longer orfB transcript was identified in sterile lines. 5' RACE analysis of the long orfB transcript revealed it was 370 bp longer than the normal transcript, with no indication it was chimeric when compared to the genomic DNA sequence. cDNA clones of the longer orfB transcript in sterile lines were sequenced and the transcript was determined unedited. Sterile lines were crossed with the restorer and maintainer lines, and fertile and sterile F1 hybrids were respectively generated. Both hybrids contained two types of orfB transcripts. However, the long transcript underwent editing in the fertile F1 hybrids and remained unedited in the sterile lines. Additionally, the editing of the 1.1 kb orfB transcript co-segregated with fertility restoring alleles in a segregating population of F2 progeny; and the presence of unedited long orfB transcripts was detected in the sterile plants from the F2 segregating population. Conclusion This study helped to assign plausible operative factors responsible for male-sterility in the WA cytoplasm of rice. A new point of departure to dissect the mechanisms governing the CMS-WA system in rice has been identified, which can be applied to further harness the opportunities afforded by hybrid vigor in rice.

Maiti Mrinal K

2010-03-01

204

Search of the signals related to the disoriented chiral condensate in the data of the Pb + Pb reaction at 158 A.GeV from the WA98 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We used the multiplicity detectors of the WA98 apparatus for the Disoriented Chiral Condensate search (DDC). We developed a method of event selection based on 2-D wavelet transformation for the search of ?0 or ?+- clusters. We use also this method for the localization and characterization of clusters in terms of position and internal structure. The wavelet transformation singles out the signal at every scale in coefficients of two types: those corresponding to a signal smoothing and the wavelet coefficients sensible to signal density variations in case of a 2 D point distribution. By summing over the squared values of the last ones at every scale one can build the strength spectrum which is flat for a uniform distribution and the coefficients of which are sensible to cluster size. This spectrum was used to select the most structured candidates. The authors intend to extend this study by correlating different analysis scales as well as photons and charged particle clusters

1997-10-01

205

The in vitro metabolism by homogenates of goldfish (Carassius auratus) liver of pentachloro-2-(chloromethyl sulphonamido) diphenyl ether, the major component and active ingredient of the mothproofing agent Eulan WA New.  

Science.gov (United States)

After dosing goldfish (Carassius auratus) for 2 hr with pentachloro-2-(chloromethyl sulphonamido) diphenyl ether, 6-PCSD, (the major component of the active ingredients of the mothproofing agent Eulan WA New) in the surrounding water, high concentrations of the corresponding amine pentachloro-2-aminodiphenyl ether, 5-PAD, were found in the liver. This suggests that the liver is a primary site of 5-PAD formation in vivo. Homogenates of goldfish liver showed a 5-PAD forming activity when incubated with 6-PCSD; this activity was destroyed by boiling the homogenate or by treatment with trypsin. The activity was greater at pH 7.4 than at pH 3, 5 or 9. There was no detectable corresponding activity in homogenates of goldfish spleen or digestive tissue or in the digestive tract contents. PMID:6146475

Machon, A; North, M J; Price, N C; Wells, D E

1984-01-01

206

KOOTENAI, CLARK FORK, PEND OREILLE, AND SPOKANE RIVER BASINS, WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT, 1976  

Science.gov (United States)

This report contains a water quality assessment approach which will assist EPA planners, land agencies, and state and local agencies in identifying probably nonpoint sources and determining their effects upon the fishable-swimmable aspect of the Kootenai, Clark Fork-Pend Oreille,...

207

Staff exchange with Spokane Intercollegiate Research and Technology Institute (SIRTI), final project report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Staff exchanges, such as the one described in this report, are intended to facilitate communication and collaboration among scientists and engineers at Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories, in U.S. industry, and academia. Funding support for these exchanges is provided by the DOE, Office of Energy Research, Laboratory Technology Transfer Program. Funding levels for each exchange typically range from $20,000 to $40,000. The exchanges offer the opportunity for the laboratories to transfer technology and expertise to industry, gain a perspective on industry`s problems, and develop the basis for further cooperative efforts through Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAS) or other mechanisms.

Alexander, G.M.

1994-12-01

208

Results from CERN experiment WA80  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recent photon-measurement results are presented. Accurate reconstructed and ?"0 and ? results have been obtained down to signal/noise ratios of 0.002. The production of ? mesons was found to be consistent with MT scaling observed in hadron-hadron collisions. ''Direct,'' single-photon yields were extracted from high-statistics S+Au data obtained at 200 GeV/nucleon. A slight excess of photons over the number of photons that can be accounted for by hadronic decays was observed for central events. Two-proton correlations were obtained in the target fragmentation region in p+A, "1"6O+A and "3"2S+A reaction at 200 GeV/nucleon. Source radii extracted from the correlations were found to follow an A"1"/"3 dependence. This indicates that entire target nuclei are involved in the collisions and that a simple target-spectator picture does not apply at these energies

1994-01-15

209

LAND OWNERSHIP IN WA, OR, AND ID  

Science.gov (United States)

Data came from the GAP programs and were captured from 1:100,000 scale maps. Projection: R10 Albers Scale: 1:100,000. Major Attributes: Ownership codes, code signifying the National Forest or BLM district, site or area name given by the managing agency. Sources: Idaho Dept...

210

Results from CERN experiment WA80  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

eption of charged-particle multiplicity data, which are discussed in a separate presentation at this conference. We also present the first preliminary calorimeter results from /sup 32/S bombardments at 6.4 TeV. 22 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs

1988-02-08

211

Ngwaga wa Mopedi: seka sa ngwaga wa merafe ye mengwe ya Bibele  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Pedi year: A comparison with the year of the other biblical nations The investigation grounds arguments on facts that there is correlation between Sepedi and Hebrew calendars particularly in relation to similarity as well as difference between the two nations’ beliefs which are related to the number (twelve months of the months of the year. This means that Sepedi and Hebrew believe that the year comprised twelve months. Adding to this, the four Hebrew’s early names of the months of the year, namely Abib, Ziv, Ethanim and Bul, of uncertain meaning, differ from the contemporary Hebrew calendar months. This featuristic phenomenon appears also in the Sepedi naming of the months of the year where a month is named after two or more names, such as Dibokwane (February, Hlakola (March, Mopitlo (May, Phupu (June and Ngwatobošego (June as well as Mosegamanye (July. The arrangement of the months of the year brings forth certain similarity to the two calendars of these two languages. However, there is difference between the two calendars in relation to the number of the days of the week.

Mawatle J. Mojalefa

2011-03-01

212

Cogeneration as in today. ; Its environmental compatibility. Ima cogeneration wa. ; Kankyosei wa ima  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper summarizes the current status of technologies to reduce levels of NOx emission from prime movers used in cogeneration systems. Gas turbines use most widely combustion control by jetting water or steam to meet the NOx emission regulation of 70 ppm as regulated in the Air Pollution Prevention Act (the Act). Practicable post-treatment uses selective contact reduction process using NH3 water or urea. Diesel engines use most widely an NOx reducing control by means of lagging fuel injection timings to conform to the Act calling for an emission of up to 950 ppm. Post-treatment uses practically the NH3 denitrification process. For gas engines, improving combustions by lagging ignition timings and controlling operating air to fuel ratio can comply with the 2000-ppm requirement of the Act. Tertiary catalysts can also purify exhaust gases. The paper touches also on research and development of NOx discharge reducing technologies that take into account emission regulations more stringent than the Act. 8 refs., 13 figs.

Natsume, Y. (Yanma Diesel Engine Co. Ltd., Osaka (Japan))

1992-10-01

213

The solutions for j3 system from shell model and generator coordinate method  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The solutions for the problem of 3 particles moving in a single-j shell are given from the shell model and the generator coordinate method (GCM) respectively. After taking all possible contractions of fermions as well as bosons, GCM can produce the same exact solution as the shell model. So it is quite reasonable to expect that GCM is an effective theory in treating coupling between boson and fermion degrees of freedom in nuclei microscopically. (author)

1984-01-01

214

77 FR 12873 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Spokane Tribe of Indians West Plains Casino...  

Science.gov (United States)

...casino-resort facility, parking structure, site retail, commercial building, tribal cultural center, and police/ fire station within the project site. At full build-out, the proposed casino-resort facility would have approximately...

2012-03-02

215

Incremental Risks of Transporting NARM to the LLW Disposal Facility at Hanford  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study models the incremental radiological risk of transporting NARM to the Hanford commercial LLW facility, both for incident-free transportation and for possible transportation accidents, compared with the radiological risk of transporting LLW to that facility. Transportation routes are modeled using HIGHWAY 3.1 and risks are modeled using RADTRAN 4. Both annual population doses and risks, and annual average individual doses and risks are reported. Three routes to the Hanford site were modeled from Albany, OR, from Coeur d'Alene, ID (called the Spokane route), and from Seattle, WA. Conservative estimates are used in the RADTRAN inputs, and RADTRAN itself is conservative.

Weiner, R.F.

1999-02-23

216

Incremental Risks of Transporting NARM to the LLW Disposal Facility at Hanford  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study models the incremental radiological risk of transporting NARM to the Hanford commercial LLW facility, both for incident-free transportation and for possible transportation accidents, compared with the radiological risk of transporting LLW to that facility. Transportation routes are modeled using HIGHWAY 3.1 and risks are modeled using RADTRAN 4. Both annual population doses and risks, and annual average individual doses and risks are reported. Three routes to the Hanford site were modeled from Albany, OR, from Coeur d'Alene, ID (called the Spokane route), and from Seattle, WA. Conservative estimates are used in the RADTRAN inputs, and RADTRAN itself is conservative

1999-03-04

217

76 FR 65945 - Modification of Class B Airspace; Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...each Class B design is individually tailored to meet local requirements including, but not limited to, terrain, traffic volume, IFR procedures serving the primary airport, existing traffic flows through the area, etc. One commenter...

2011-10-25

218

Preparing for neutrinos at the SPS (exp WA1)  

CERN Multimedia

The experimental set-up consists of 19 modules of magnetized iron in which layers of scintillators are inserted. Drift chambers placed between the modules will complete this huge neutrino detector (CERN-Dortmund- Heidelberg-Saclay Collaboration)

1975-01-01

219

SEDIMENT DATA - ST. PAUL WATERWAY - TACOMA, WA - 1996 MONITORING DATA  

Science.gov (United States)

Benthic Infauna Monitoring Data Files are Excel-format spreadsheet files which contain data presented in the St. Paul Waterway Area Remedial Action and Habitat Restoration Project, 1996 Monitoring Report. The files can be viewed directly or readily downlo aded and read into most ...

220

RCRA FACILITIES IN WA, OR, ID, AND AK  

Science.gov (United States)

This data is available region-wide. Mostly includes TSD sites. Locations for most of the sites are the lat/longs that are in the mainframe database of questionable accuracy. Easily incorporated into maps at the region to site level. Available in SITE MAPPER application. Scale...

 
 
 
 
221

Geological Structures in the WaIls of Vestan Craters  

Science.gov (United States)

A compelling case can be made that Vesta is the parent asteroid for the howardite, eucrite and diogenite (HED) meteorites [1], although this interpretation has been questioned [2]. Generalized models for the structure of the crust of Vesta have been developed based on petrologic studies of basaltic eucrites, cumulate eucrites and diogenites. These models use inferred cooling rates for different types of HEDs and compositional variations within the clan to posit that the lower crust is dominantly diogenitic in character, cumulate eucrites occur deep in the upper crust, and basaltic eucrites dominate the higher levels of the upper crust [3-5]. These models lack fine-scale resolution and thus do not allow for detailed predictions of crustal structure. Geophysical models predict dike and sill intrusions ought to be present, but their widths may be quite small [6]. The northern hemisphere of Vesta is heavily cratered, and the southern hemisphere is dominated by two 400-500 km diameter basins that excavated deep into the crust [7-8]. Physical modeling of regolith formation on 300 km diameter asteroids predicts that debris layers would reach a few km in thickness, while on asteroids of Vesta's diameter regolith thicknesses would be less [9]. This agrees well with the estimated =1 km thickness of local debris excavated by a 45 km diameter vestan crater [10]. Large craters and basins may have punched through the regolith/megaregolith and exposed primary vestan crustal structures. We will use Dawn Framing Camera (FC) [11] images and color ratio maps from the High Altitude and Low Altitude Mapping Orbits (HAMO, 65 m/pixel; LAMO, 20 m/pixel) to evaluate structures exposed on the walls of craters: two examples are discussed here.

Mittlefehldt, David; Nathues, A.; Beck, A. W.; Hoffmann, M.; Schaefer, M.; Williams, D. A.

2014-01-01

222

Why do we need earthing; Secchi wa naze hitsuyoka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Various equipment is electrically connected with the ground by grounding electrodes. Since the electrodes have grounding resistance, various failures are generated due to elevation of potential; purpose of grounding is to eliminate the failures. On the protective grounding, shock-hazard prevention of grounding is explained based on the conceptual diagram of grounding accidents. For shock-hazard prevention, elevation of potential is controlled. Reduction of grounding resistance of grounding electrodes are explained on cases of the alternating current and electric-shock current. Functional grounding, especially grounding for standard potential, is used for securing stable operation of electronic equipment; artificial grounding electrodes are installed in the building space for securing a standard potential. Methods for securing standard potential planes are explained on the example of ZSRG (zero signal reference grid) using a conceptual diagram. For construction of the grounding system in the building environment mainly using the functional grounding, introduction of a system concept based on an equipotential bonding is required. Movement of coordination in the international standard of grounding is explained. 17 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Takahashi, T. [Tokyo Univ. (Japan)

1998-09-01

223

Technical aspects of the reprocessing plant WA-350  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With its annual weight rate of 350 t the plant represents only a tenfold extension of the Karlsruhe WAK considering the annual weight rate. This extension of the weight rate e.g. entails an extension of the weight rate of pipings of only 1:3. (orig.)

1982-01-01

224

Hiperhomocysteinemia - wa?ny czynnik ryzyka choroby niedokrwiennej serca  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hiperhomocysteinemi? traktuje si? obecnie jako niezale?ny czynnik rY7-^^ choroby niedokrwiennej serca. Mechanizm pro mia?d?ycowego dzia?ania homocysteiny to zarówno bezpo?rednie uszkadzanie ?ródb?onka naczyniowego przez grup? sulfhydrylow?, jak i u?atwianie syntezy nadtlenku wodoru w komórkach ?ródb?onka i produkcja wolnych rodników przyspieszaj?ce procesy mia?d?ycowe. Inne mechanizmy to hamowanie syntezy prostacykliny, zwi?kszona agregacja i adhezja p?ytek do ?cian uszkodzonych naczy? i aktywacja licznych czynników krzepni?cia. St??enie homocysteiny w surowicy zale?y od aktywno?ci wielu enzymów. Kluczow? rol? odgrywaj? dwa z nich: |3-syntaza cystationinowa (CBS oraz reduktaza metylenotetrahydrofolia-nowa (MTHFR. CBS jest jednym z enzymów na szlaku przemiany metioniny w cystein?, natomiast MTHFR katalizuje konwersj? 5,10-metylotetrahydrofolianu do 5-metylotetrahydrofolianu, który jest g?ównym donorem reszt metylowych w reakcji remetylacji homocysteiny do metioniny. Kofaktorami dla tych enzymów s? witaminy B6 i B12 oraz kwas foliowy. Mutacja genu reduktazy 5,10-metyltetrahydrofolianu (substytucja C—>1 w pozycji 677 powoduje zamian? alaniny na walin? i zmniejsza aktywno?? reduktazy 5,10-metyltetra-hydrofolianu, co wi??e si? ze wzrostem st??enia homocysteiny w osoczu oraz zwi?kszonym ryzykiem choroby wie?cowej i zawa?u mi??nia sercowego. Wyst?puj? 3 ró?ne genotypy: homozygoty TT i CC i heterozy-goty CT. Wyst?powanie allela T jest zwi?zane z wyst?powaniem hiperhomocysteinemii. Wwielu badaniach wykazano zwi?zek polimorfizmu C677T z chorob? niedokrwienn? serca a genotyp TT uznano za czynnik ryzyka choroby niedokrwiennej serca. Wyst?pienie defektu w genach cz?sto nie jest czynnikiem wystarczaj?cym do wyzwolenia hiperhomocysteinemii. Wzrost poziomu homocysteiny mo?e by? spowodowany: niew?a?ciw? diet? (niedostateczna poda?: kwasu foliowego i(lub witamin B6 i B12, farmakoterapia (stosowanie antagonistów kwasu foliowego np. metotreksatu, antagonistów witaminy B6 lub B12, fenytoiny, antykoncepcja lub leczenie hormonalne zaburzenia endokrynologiczne, niewydolno?? nerek, palenie tytoniu, nadu?ywanie alkoholu. Wyst?powanie umiarkowanej hiperhomocysteinemii w ogólnej populacji zosta?o oszacowane na 5-10%. Wykazano zwi?zek wysokich st??e? homocysteiny z angiograficznie potwierdzon? chorob? wie?cow? i zawa?em serca. Podwy?szony poziom homocysteiny u pacjentów z chorob? niedokrwienn? serca potwierdzon? w koronarografii uwa?any jest za niezale?ny czynnik zagro?enia zgonem sercowym.

Krzysztof Chi?y?ski

2002-06-01

225

Kardiomiopatia tachyarytmiczna wa?ny i niedoceniany problem kliniczny  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available W dobie wzrastaj?cej chorobowo?ci z powodu niewydolno?ci serca znaczenia nabiera poszukiwanie potencjalnie odwracalnych przyczyn, doprowadzaj?cych do dysfunkcji mi??nia sercowego. Kardiomiopatia tachyarytmiczna (tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy – TIC, wed?ug aktualnie obowi?zuj?cej klasyfikacji jest postaci? kardiomiopatii rozstrzeniowej, niezwi?zan? z wyst?powaniem rodzinnym. Patomechanizm prowadz?cy do rozwini?cia objawów niewydolno?ci serca w TIC, znany od stu lat, zwi?zany jest z szybk? czynno?ci? hemodynamiczn? komór, której pod?o?em najcz??ciej jest arytmia. Rozpoznanie kardiomiopatii tachyarytmicznej mo?na postawi? jedynie retrospektywnie, kiedy po wyleczeniu arytmii czynno?? komór ulega poprawie lub normalizacji. D?u?szy czas trwania arytmii i wi?kszy stopie? uszkodzenia serca zmniejszaj? szans? na powrót prawid?owej czynno?ci hemodynamicznej mimo uzyskania kontroli rytmu. Bior?c pod uwag? cz?sto?? wyst?powania tachyarytmii w populacji pacjentów z NS nale?y oczekiwa?, ?e u istotnego odsetka pacjentów TIC mo?e przynajmniej wspó?odpowiada? za upo?ledzenie czynno?ci komór serca. Pojawiaj?ce si? wspó?cze?nie prace prowadzone na nielicznych i niejednorodnych grupach pacjentów sugeruj? niedocenianie zwi?zku mi?dzy zaburzeniami rytmu serca a pogorszeniem funkcji serca jako pompy. Tym samym cz?sto?? rozpoznawania TIC wydaje si? znacznie zani?ona. W dobie, kiedy post?p w zakresie elektrokardiologii stwarza mo?liwo?ci skutecznego leczenia zaburze? rytmu, warto cz??ciej poszukiwa? tej potencjalnie odwracalnej postaci kardiomiopatii w populacji chorych z NS.

Micha? Zio?kowski

2012-09-01

226

[Interview]: Alexandre Shvartsburg, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, USA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Q1. What are your main research activities in ion mobility mass spectrometry (past or present)? My early efforts focused on the structural characterization of atomic (carbon and semiconductor) clusters. After the production of bulk fullerenes, many hoped that other nanoclusters discovered in the gas phase could also coalesce into new materials. As these studies required accurate and robust mobility calculations for any ion geometry, I strived to build the needed theory and implement it in the Mobcal software widely employed today. Since 2004, I have been developing methods and novel applications of differential IMS (FAIMS) at PNNL. The principal achievement has been raising the resolving power by over tenfold (up to ~400 for multiply-charged peptides) using elevated fields, helium and hydrogen-rich buffers, and extended filtering times. This performance broadly allows previously unthinkable separations of very similar species, for example sequence inversions and post-translational modification localization isomers of peptides (including “middle-down” peptides such as histone tails), lipid regioisomers, and even isotopomers. Another major direction is investigating the dipole alignment of larger proteins, which creates an exceptionally strong FAIMS effect that is a potential tool for structural biology. Q2: What have been the most significant instrumentation or applications developments in the history of ion mobility - mass spectrometry? In 1995 when I started graduate research at Northwestern, only two groups worldwide worked with IMS/MS and “the literature” meant papers by Bowers (UCSB). Well-wishers counseled me to “learn something useful like HPLC, as IMS would never have real utility”. This booklet showcases the scale of change since. First, the practical IMS/ToF platforms for complex biological analyses demonstrated by Clemmer have turned IMS/MS from an esoteric physical chemistry technique into a powerful analytical tool. By commercializing the IMS/ToF technology in Synapt instruments, Waters has greatly increased its impact via expanded number and diversity of applications. Concurrently, Guevremont at Canadian NRC has perfected FAIMS coupled to MS, deployed it for real-world bio and environmental analyses, and widely distributed it in the Ionalytics Selectra system (subsequently installed on Thermo MS platforms). The latest breakthrough is ultra-FAIMS by Owlstone, where extreme fields allow numerous qualitatively new separations and operational modes that we just begin to explore. Q3: Where do you see ion mobility - mass spectrometry making the most impact in the next 5 years? Any predictions for where the field will go? Sciences dealing with perturbations in media (such as optics or acoustics) at some point shift from the linear to nonlinear paradigm, where propagation depends on the magnitude of perturbation or its driving force. While the linear part remains industrially important (e.g., eyewear and architectural glass for optics), frontline research moves to nonlinear phenomena. IMS is undergoing that transition now with the rise of FAIMS, which should continue as the fundamental understanding improves, new modalities and applications emerge, and more instrumentation is introduced by vendors. Modifying and augmenting FAIMS separations through vapor dopants that render ion mobilities less linear is becoming routine. I expect this area to advance, extending to more specific interactions and to complexation with solution additives. Another route to higher separation power is integrating FAIMS with conventional IMS; proliferation of both technologies would make such 2-D platforms common. Along with mass spectrometry and conventional IMS, FAIMS will address increasingly large macromolecules, including proteins and their complexes.

Shvartsburg, Alexandre A.

2012-12-01

227

Issaquah Highlands Zero Energy Affordable Housing (WA) - YWCA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The YWCA Family Village at Issaquah, Net Zero Energy Approach Project provides a compelling model for how the nation can seriously respond to the critical need for affordable housing while advancing environmental standards and reducing economic inequities. Affordable housing developments for vulnerable members of the community and in today's workforce cannot overlook issues, such as climate impact, energy security and water conservation. This project's advanced building design was based on the goal of creating a 100 year building that could achieve net zero energy usage if funding had been available to support the final pieces of energy generation. The team worked closely with community stakeholders to ensure the baseline components of high quality and efficient building envelopes along with efficient systems were in place to set the stage for future incorporation of energy generating systems such as solar panels. As built, these 146 homes, large child care center and community services areas are proving the value of investing upfront for the benefit of future generations by reducing ongoing utility and maintenance costs with an eye toward environmental stewardship and community/resident education. The DOE award helped fund two critical energy conservation features for the YWCA Family Village at Issaquah campus: 1) super-insulated roof assembly with a continuous air barrier and 2) domestic hot water preheat system. The roof system at the YWCA Family Village at Issaquah project was built to include 6" of Polyiso rigid insulation (R-38) on top of the roof sheathing to provide a super-insulated roof in line with the other green features of the project. Placing the rigid insulation on top of the roof sheathing allows the building to have a continuous layer of insulation and provides a continuous air barrier. The domestic hot water preheat system includes flat panel arrays on roofs of the buildings that heat the water using solar power, which reduces the amount of heating needed from the gas-fired boilers. The flat-plate panels on the roof of the building heats the water using solar power. A heat exchanger transfers heat from water warmed by the panels to potable water for the units. The warmed potable water mixes with the tap water supply to create hot water for the buildings. This boost of water warmed by the solar panels reduces the heating costs for eh project by reducing the need to heat the water via gas-fired boilers. Both of these energy upgrades were chosen because they significantly improve the energy efficiency for the life of the building and are reducing monthly utility costs for both the residents and the owners. Since the owner is a not-for-profit dedicated to long-term ownership and serving households with very-low and low-incomes, the costs savings will ultimately benefit current and future residents as the dollars saved will either be realized directly by the resident or be invested in the project. Technically, the design of these systems is easily understood and the principles could be applied to other projects. The incremental costs depend largely on the existing market rate of the components-none of which are considered "cutting edge" so a market does currently exist.

Tom, Vincent; DeRobbio, Wendy; Hall, Linda

2012-04-30

228

75 FR 34154 - Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...imperiled listed species. Hunting would continue on the...species such as Columbian white-tailed deer and western...would be closed to goose hunting. The existing access...would be closed early to hunting (January 15) to prevent disturbance to a great blue heron nesting...

2010-06-16

229

A thick homogeneous vegetated cover design proves cost - and schedule-effective for the reclamation of uranium mills sites near Spokane, Washington  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Washington State Department of Health (WDOH) has licensed two medium sized uranium mills with tailings impoundments covering 28 and 40 hectares (70 and 100 acres), respectively, The uranium mill licensees have submitted closure and reclamation plans to the state, and site-specific conditions have determined the closure design features, Conventional uranium mill cover designs usually incorporate an overall cap of one to three meters, which includes a low-permeability clay barrier layer. A technical evaluation of several uranium mill facilities that used this design was published in the fall of 1994 and reported that unexpected vegetation root damage had occurred in the low-permeability clay (or bentonite amended) barrier layers. The technical report suggested that the low-permeability design feature at some sites could be compromised within a very short time and the regulatory goal of 1,000 years performance might not be achieved. In October 1994, WDOH sponsored a technical forum meeting to consider design alternatives to address these reliability concerns. Representatives from the federal government, nuclear industry, licensees, engineering firms, and state regulatory agencies attended the workshop. Risk factors considered in the evaluation of the uranium mill reclamation plans include: (1) radon gas emanation through the cover (the air pathway), and (2) migration of hazardous and/or radioactive constituents (the groundwater pathway). Additional design considerations include site structural stability, longevity of 1,000 years, and no active (ongoing) maintenance. 9 refs.

Blacklaw, J.; Robertson, G.; Stoffel, D.; Ahmad, J.; Fordham, E. [Washington State Dept. of Health, Olympia, WA (United States)] [and others

1997-08-01

230

A thick homogeneous vegetated cover design proves cost - and schedule-effective for the reclamation of uranium mills sites near Spokane, Washington  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Washington State Department of Health (WDOH) has licensed two medium sized uranium mills with tailings impoundments covering 28 and 40 hectares (70 and 100 acres), respectively, The uranium mill licensees have submitted closure and reclamation plans to the state, and site-specific conditions have determined the closure design features, Conventional uranium mill cover designs usually incorporate an overall cap of one to three meters, which includes a low-permeability clay barrier layer. A technical evaluation of several uranium mill facilities that used this design was published in the fall of 1994 and reported that unexpected vegetation root damage had occurred in the low-permeability clay (or bentonite amended) barrier layers. The technical report suggested that the low-permeability design feature at some sites could be compromised within a very short time and the regulatory goal of 1,000 years performance might not be achieved. In October 1994, WDOH sponsored a technical forum meeting to consider design alternatives to address these reliability concerns. Representatives from the federal government, nuclear industry, licensees, engineering firms, and state regulatory agencies attended the workshop. Risk factors considered in the evaluation of the uranium mill reclamation plans include: (1) radon gas emanation through the cover (the air pathway), and (2) migration of hazardous and/or radioactive constituents (the groundwater pathway). Additional design considerations include site structural stability, longevity of 1,000 years, and no active (ongoing) maintenance. 9 refs

1997-08-01

231

10 years of the WaBoLu room hygiene conference. Current problems of room hygiene; 10 Jahre WaBoLu- Innenraumtage. Aktuelle Fragen der Innenraumhygiene  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The following subjects were discussed at the conference: Fungus growth in buildings; Ventilation problems and mechanical ventilation systems; Energy-saving building constructions and their effects on room air quality; New aspects of VOC and TVOC establishment; Current findings on pyrethroids and phthalates in household dust. [German] Folgende Themen standen im Mittelpunkt der Veranstaltung: - Schimmelpilzwachstum in Gebaeuden, - Lueftungsfragen, mechanische Lueftungseinrichtungen, - Energie sparende Bauweise und moegliche Folgen fuer die Innenraumluftqualitaet, - neue Gesichtspunkte bei der Richtwertableitung fuer VOC und TVOC, - aktuelle Untersuchungsergebnisse zu Pyrethroiden und Weichmachern (Phthalaten) im Hausstaub. (orig.)

Moriske, H.-J. [Umweltbundesamt, Berlin (Germany)

2003-10-01

232

Demonstration project EuWaK. Natural gas and hydrogen from sewage treatment plants; Demonstrationsprojekt EuWaK. Erdgas und Wasserstoff aus Klaeranlagen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In light of the climate problem and shortage of resources hydrogen is an important component of a future sustainable mobility. The setting of the course for introducing hydrogen has to be made today in order to acquire experiences with this technology. Bio methane has an important function as a trailblazer of the hydrogen technology. Sewage treatment plants are well suitable for use as a location for bio methane filling stations and hydrogen filling stations. Thus, sewage treatment plants may develop from a purely waste management company to a production facility for high-value sources of energy. Within a pilot project, a large-scale plant for the production of ultra clean hydrogen and bio methane from sewage sludge and further biomasses are constructed at the sewage treatment plant Bottrop (Federal Republic of Germany). This large-scale plant uses hydrogen energetically in a gas motor as well as bio methane in a bio-natural gas filling station.

Schulte, Patrick; Jagemann, Peter; Teichgraeber, Burkhard [Emschergenossenschaft/Lippeverband, Essen (Germany)

2011-07-01

233

78 FR 50092 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission...  

Science.gov (United States)

...or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice may proceed. DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian...Reservation; and the Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation may proceed. The Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission is...

2013-08-16

234

78 FR 77710 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions  

Science.gov (United States)

...W. Sprague Ave., Spokane, 13001062 Hill--Hilscher House, 1638 S. Cedar St., Spokane, 13001063 Wyoming Johnson County Beaver Creek Ranch, 2333 Beaver Creek, Buffalo, 13001064 Park County Clay Butte Lookout, Approx. \\1/2\\...

2013-12-24

235

Unveiling the physical properties and kinematics of molecular gas in the Antennae Galaxies (NGC 4038/9) through high resolution CO (J = 3-2) observations  

CERN Document Server

We present a ~ 1" (100 pc) resolution 12CO (3-2) map of the nearby intermediate stage interacting galaxy pair NGC 4038/9 (the Antennae galaxies) obtained with the Submillimeter Array. We find that half the CO (3-2) emission originates in the overlap region where most of the tidally induced star formation had been previously found in shorter wavelength images, with the rest being centered on each of the nuclei. The gross distribution is consistent with lower resolution single dish images, but we show for the first time the detailed distribution of the warm and dense molecular gas across this galaxy pair at resolutions comparable to the size of a typical giant molecular complex. While we find that 58% (33/57) of the spatially resolved Giant Molecular Associations (GMAs; a few x 100 pc) are located in the overlap region, only \\leqq 30% spatially coincides with the optically detected star clusters, suggesting that the bulk of the CO (3-2) emission traces the regions with very recent or near future star formation ...

Ueda, Junko; Petitpas, Glen; Yun, Min S; Ho, Paul T P; Kawabe, Ryohei; Mao, Rui-Qing; Martin, Sergio; Matsushita, Satoki; Peck, Alison B; Tamura, Yoichi; Wang, Junzhi; Wang, Zhong; Wilson, Christine D; Zhang, Qizhou

2011-01-01

236

Nearly simultaneous observations of vibrationally excited J = 1 - 0, J = 2 - 1, J = 3 - 2, and J = 4 - 3 SiO masers  

Science.gov (United States)

A series of observations of the rotational transitions in a selection of late-type stars and Orion was carried out to clarify the processes of SiO maser phenomenon in order to model the physical mechanisms. The observations were made at frequencies of 86, 129, 172, 43, and 230 GHz and yielded velocity errors in the spectra of less than 0.3 km/sec. Correlated properties of the SiO masers were sought and peak flux and velocity transition data are presented for VY CMa, R Leo, W Hya, VX Sgr, Chi Cyg, R Cas, and Orion. Transitions, intensity ratios in the vibrational ladders, intensity ratios within a rotational state, maser chains within vibrational states with similar spectra, and the linear polarization of J = 1 - 0 and J = 2 - 1 masers are indicated to be necessarily included in any successful model of the SiO masers.

Schwartz, P. R.; Zuckerman, B.; Bologna, J. M.

1982-05-01

237

Preferential Expansion of V?9-J?P/V?2-J?3 ?? T Cells in Nasal T-Cell Lymphoma and Chronic Active Epstein-Barr Virus Infection  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We recently established an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive ?? T-cell line from a nasal T/natural killer (NK)-cell lymphoma (Nagata H, Konno A, Kimura N, Zhang Y, Kimura M, Demachi A, Sekine T, Yamamoto K, Shimizu N: Characterization of novel natural killer (NK)-cell and ?? T-cell lines established from primary lesions of nasal T/NK-cell lymphomas associated with the Epstein-Barr virus. Blood 2001, 97:708–713). Subsequently, we established two novel EBV-positive ?? T-cell lines from ...

Oyoshi, Michiko K.; Nagata, Hiroshi; Kimura, Nobuhiro; Zhang, Yu; Demachi, Ayako; Hara, Toshiro; Kanegane, Hirokazu; Matsuo, Yoshinobu; Yamaguchi, Tomohiro; Morio, Tomohiro; Hirano, Atsuyoshi; Shimizu, Norio; Yamamoto, Kohtaro

2003-01-01

238

HEALTHY STOCKS OF NW SALMON FOR CA, ID, OR, AND WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Geographic distribution of eight species/races of Pacific salmon and steelhead (spring/summer chinook, fall chinook, sockeye salmon, chum salmon, coho salmon, pink salmon, summer steelhead and winter steelhead. The data are based upon the Oregon Trout report Healthy Native Stock...

239

WILDERNESS SOCIETY'S SALMON STATUS DATA FOR CA, ID, OR, AND WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The fish status layers show the historic distribution of freshwater habitat and current status of ten different species of anadromous fish: spring/summer chinook, fall chinook, winter chinook, sockeye salmon, chum salmon, coho salmon, pink salmon, sea-run cutthroat, summer steel...

240

Production of V{sup 0} pairs in the hyperon experiment WA89  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present a comprehensive study of the inclusive production of V{sup 0}V{sup 0} pairs (V{sup 0}={lambda}, anti {lambda} or K{sub S}) by {sigma}{sup -} and {pi}{sup -} of 340 GeV/c momentum and neutrons of 260 GeV/c mean momentum in copper and carbon targets. In particular, the dependence of the x{sub F} spectra on the combination of beam-particle and produced V{sup 0}V{sup 0} pair is investigated and compared to predictions obtained from PYTHIA and QSGM calculations. The data and these predictions differ in many details, the agreement can at best be termed as qualitative. A signal from decays of the tensor meson f'{sub 2}(1525) was observed in the K{sub S}K{sub S} mass distribution and inclusive production cross sections were measured. No signal was found from the double-strange H-dibaryon decaying to {lambda}{lambda}. (orig.)

Adamovich, M.I.; Alexandrov, Yu.A.; Baranov, S.P.; Zavertyaev, M.V. [Moscow Lebedev Physics Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Barberis, D.; Hurst, R.B.; Rossi, L. [Dipartimento di Fisica and I.N.F.N, Sezione di Genova, Genova (Italy); Beck, M.; Brueckner, W.; Buescher, C.; Dersch, U.; Dropmann, F.; Godbersen, M.; Haller, T.; Heidrich, M.; Hubbard, E.; Neeb, H.; Povh, B.; Ren, Z.; Trombini, A.; Vorwalter, K.; Werding, R.; Wittmann, E. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany); Berat, C.; Buenerd, M.; Charignon, F.; Chauvin, J.; Fournier, A.; Martin, P.; Vesin, E. [Universite de Grenoble, Institut des Sciences Nucleaires, Grenoble Cedex (France); Beusch, W.; Grafstroem, P. [CERN, Geneve 23 (Switzerland); Boss, M.; Busch, C.; Keller, N. [Universitaet Heidelberg, Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg (Germany); Brons, S. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[TRIUMF, Vancouver, B.C. (Canada); Chudakov, E.A. [Universitaet Heidelberg, Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Thomas Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA (United States); Engelfried, J. [Universitaet Heidelberg, Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Instituto de Fisica, S.L.P. (Mexico); Faller, F. [Universitaet Heidelberg, Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Fraunhofer Institut fuer Solar Energiesysteme, Freiburg (Germany); Gerassimov, S.G.; Konorov, I. [Moscow Lebedev Physics Inst., Moscow (Russian Federation)]|[Max-Planck-Inst. fuer Kernphysik Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Technische Univ. Muenchen, Physik Dept. E18, Garching (Germany); Koenigsmann, K. [Max-Planck-Inst. fuer Kernphysik Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Univ. Freiburg, Fakultaet fuer Physik, Freiburg (Germany); Kovalenko, S.; Thilmann, O.; Waelder, G. [Univ. Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Dept. de Fisica y Centro de Estudios Subatomicos, Valparaiso (Chile); Martens, K. [and others

2007-12-15

 
 
 
 
241

First evidence of directed flow at CERN-SPS energy from WA98 experiment.  

Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

. Calcutta : Narosa Publishing House, 1998 - (Sinha, B.; Srivastava, D.; Viyogi, Y.), s. 549-553 ISBN 81-7319-167-0.[International Conference on Physics and Astrophysics of Quark Gluon Plasma. Jaipur (IN), 17.03.1997-21.03.1997]Kód oboru RIV: BG - Jaderná, atomová a mol. fyzika, urychlova?e

H?ivná?ová, Ivana; Aggarwal, M. M.; Agnihotri, A.; Antonenko, V.; Kurata, M.; Kugler, Andrej; Petrá?ek, Vojt?ch; Rak, Jan; Eliseev, Sergej; Šumbera, Michal; Svensson, T.; Trivedi, M. D.; Tsvetkov, A.; Eijndhoven, N. V.; Vinogradov, A.; Vodopianov, A.; Wyslouch, B.; Yokota, Y.; Young, G. R.

242

Isotopic Studies of Contaminant Transport at the Hanford Site,WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Processes of fluid flow and chemical transport through thevadose zone can be characterized through the isotopic systematics ofnatural soils, minerals, pore fluids and groundwater. In thiscontribution, we first review our research using measured isotopicvariations, due both to natural and site related processes, of theelements H, O, N, Sr and U, to study the interconnection between vadosezone and groundwater contamination at the Hanford Site in south-centralWashington. We follow this brief review with a presentation of new datapertaining to vadose zone and groundwater contamination in the WMAT-TX-TY vicinity. Uranium (U) isotopic data for the C3832 core (WMA TX)indicates the involvement of processed natural U fuel, and links theobserved U contamination to the nearby single shelled tank TX-104. Thedata also precludes contamination from an early 1970 s TX-107 leak. Inthe case of the C4104 core (WMA T), the U isotopic data indicates amixture of processed natural and enriched U fuels consistent with themajor leak from T-106 in 1973. Uranium and Strontium isotopic data forthe cores also provides direct evidence for chemical interaction betweenhigh-pH waste fluid and sediment. Isotopic data for groundwater nitratecontamination in the vicinity of WMA-T strongly suggests high-level tankwaste (most likely from T-106) as the source of very high 99Tcconcentrations recently observed at the NE corner of WMAT.

Christensen, J.N.; Conrad, M.E.; DePaolo, D.J.; Dresel, P.E.

2006-11-01

243

ARJUNAWIW?HA : The marriage of Arjuna of Mpu Kan?wa  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Arjunawiw?ha is one of the best known of the Old Javanese classics. This volume presents a new text, based on Balinese manuscripts, with a complete translation, building on the work done by earlier writers. An introduction provides ample background information, as well as an original interpretation of the significance of the text, within its historical and cultural setting. This poem was written by Mpu Kanwa in around A.D. 1030 under King Airlangga, who ruled in East Java. It is Mpu K...

Robson, Stuart

2008-01-01

244

Community Environmental Response Facilitation Act (CERFA) report, Youngs Lake Housing Area, Renton, WA. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report presents the results of the Community Environmental Response Facilitation Act (CERFA) investigation conducted by Environmental Resources Management (ERM) at the Youngs Lake Housing Area, a U.S. Government property selected for closure by the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission. Under CERFA, Federal agencies are required to identify expenditiously real property that can be immediately reused and redeveloped. Satisfying this objective requires the identification of real property where no hazardous substances or petroleum products, regulated by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), were stored for one year or more, known to have been released, or disposed. The Youngs Lake Housing Area is a 9.42-acre site located in Renton, Washington. Youngs Lake is a military housing complex containing 28 single family housing units. It was constructed in the late 1950s to support a nearby Nike Missile site. A fuel oil storage tank is located at each of the units.

Laurenson, B.; Schultheisz, D.; Ward, L.

1994-04-01

245

Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YCL019W, YDR261W-A  

Full Text Available YCL019W - Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol genes; transcribed/translated as one unit; polypro psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R psid protein that is the structural constituent of virus -like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag R

246

Recent results on Pb-Pb collisions from WA98 experiment at CERN  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this report we present very preliminary first results from the collision of 158 GeV/nucleon Pb+Pb. Data on transverse energy production, charged particle and photon multiplicities, mT spectra of pions, two particle correlation functions, and neutral mesons are presented and discussed. (orig.)

1995-12-18

247

77 FR 2992 - Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and Grant Counties, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation...  

Science.gov (United States)

...FWS-R1-R-2009-N231; 1265-0000-10137-S3] Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and...for the environmental assessment for Columbia National Wildlife Refuge (NWR/refuge...the document(s) at www.fws.gov/columbia/management.html. Email:...

2012-01-20

248

76 FR 45600 - Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and Grant Counties, WA; Draft Comprehensive Conservation...  

Science.gov (United States)

...FWS-R1-R-2011-N088; 1265-0000-10137-S3] Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and...assessment (Draft CCP/EA) for the Columbia National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge) for...Web site: http://www.fws.gov/columbia/. You may submit comments on the...

2011-07-29

249

Problemy selekcji i wa?enia zmiennych w zagadnieniu klasyfikacji, s. 106-118  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Choice of variables is the one of the most important steps in a cluster analysis. Variables used in applied clustering should be selected and weighted carefully. In cluster analysis we should include only those variables that are believed to help discriminate the data. In article:

2005-01-01

250

Production of V0 pairs in the hyperon experiment WA89  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present a comprehensive study of the inclusive production of V0V0 pairs (V0=?, anti ? or KS) by ?- and ?- of 340 GeV/c momentum and neutrons of 260 GeV/c mean momentum in copper and carbon targets. In particular, the dependence of the xF spectra on the combination of beam-particle and produced V0V0 pair is investigated and compared to predictions obtained from PYTHIA and QSGM calculations. The data and these predictions differ in many details, the agreement can at best be termed as qualitative. A signal from decays of the tensor meson f'2(1525) was observed in the KSKS mass distribution and inclusive production cross sections were measured. No signal was found from the double-strange H-dibaryon decaying to ??. (orig.)

2007-12-01

251

78 FR 11673 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon; Cowlitz Indian Tribe; Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe; Kalispel Indian...Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, Oregon); Cowlitz Indian Tribe; Hoh Indian Tribe (previously listed as...

2013-02-19

252

78 FR 22286 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Washington, Department of Anthropology, and the Burke Museum professional...Washington, Department of Anthropology. There is no provenience...Completion), as well as forensic, non-Native American remains...Washington, Department of Anthropology, requested that the...

2013-04-15

253

69 FR 42115 - Security Zone Regulations; Elliot Bay and Lake Washington, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...temporary security zones around Pier 70 and Amgen located on Elliott Bay and the National...122[deg]22.5[min] W, near the Amgen facility, which is located between Pier...until 2 a.m. on July 18, 2004. (2) Amgen Security Zone: All waters of Elliott...

2004-07-14

254

75 FR 8563 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...aerial spectator events associated with...Week Maritime Festival. Entry into...Mail: Docket Management Facility (M-30...and related management systems practices...Homeland Security Management Directive 023-01...aerial spectator events associated with...Week Maritime Festival. We seek...

2010-02-25

255

76 FR 30014 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Maritime Festival, Pier 66...this annual event. Entry into...the Docket Management Facility...Waterways Management Division...Maritime Festival, Pier 66...craft in the event of an emergency...Security Management Directive...of ships events. An environmental...Maritime Festival, Pier...

2011-05-24

256

75 FR 71638 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliot Bay, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Maritime Festival, Pier 66...craft in the event of an emergency...Docket Management Facility...the Docket Management Facility...Maritime Festival, Pier 66...craft in the event of an emergency...Security Management Directive...of ships events. We seek...Maritime Festival, Pier...

2010-11-24

257

75 FR 41883 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University Pullman, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...points, 2 scrapers, 1 bone scraper handle, 1 lot of mussel shells, 1 lot of red ochre, 2 bone awls, 1 lot of charcoal, 1 pestle, 2 lots of cedar wood fragments, 3 lots of shell beads, 1 stone bead necklace, 2 bifaces, 5 lots of bag residue, 4...

2010-07-19

258

76 FR 28076 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...points, 2 scrapers, 1 bone scraper handle, 1 lot of mussel shells, 1 lot of red ochre, 2 bone awls, 1 lot of charcoal, 1 pestle, 2 lots of cedar wood fragments, 3 lots of shell beads, 1 stone bead necklace, 2 bifaces, 5 lots of bag residue, 4...

2011-05-13

259

Stable isotope analysis of dissolved carbon species of Hot Lake, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

Hot Lake is a hypersaline, meromictic lake in north-central Washington. The lake is epsomitic, with seasonably-variable salinity (.2 to 2 M magnesium sulfate) and produces carbonates and salt precipitates. The maximum depth of the lake is around 2.5 m, and below a thermocline there is intense solar heat retention in the monolimnion, often exceeding 50°C. Despite these extreme and variable conditions, a microbial mat of up to 1.5 cm thick thrives annually in Hot Lake. The mat is widespread throughout the lake at water depths (during our experiments) ranging from 60cm-140cm. It is comprised of a variety of cyanobacteria along with other autotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria. These populations are visibly stratified with four consistent laminae displaying differences in bacterial pigmentation. Many of the layers contain carbonate species, but the full relationship between the mat and the carbonate crystallization is not known. We are studying the microbial interactions and carbon cycling of the mat communities, using stable isotope analysis of the mat and the lake water, both in situ and ex situ. We are exploring the incorporation and movement of carbon in the mat, spatially and temporally, to understand the fixation mechanisms and metabolic processes at play in this environment. This was done primarily using stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry. The focus of this work is on the study and measurement of dissolved organic and inorganic carbon using a GasBench and IRMS setup, following methods adapted from Lang et al. (2012). To account for the unique chemistry of Hot Lake, trials on the effects of oxidation conditions and salinity were done on lab-synthesized samples to compare to Hot Lake results. The majority of lake water analyses were done in conjunction with a stable isotope probing (SIP) experiment, completed during two 24-hour periods at Hot Lake in June and July of 2013. The SIP experiments included ex situ incubations (in separate glass containers on the shore of the lake immediately after removal from the lake) under various conditions (with labeled and unlabeled substrate, in the presence and absence of daylight, with and without undermat sediment) performed as both constant labeling and pulse-chase experiments. We incubated mat sections in lake water (from equivalent depth to the collected mat) spiked either with 13C-labeled or natural abundance organic (acetate or glucose) or inorganic (bicarbonate) substrates. For those conditions in which inorganic carbon was added, we measured the DOC of the water in each condition to measure conversion from DIC to DOC and vice versa for consumption/conversion of DOC to DIC. By comparing the GasBench DIC/DOC results of these various conditions over the course of the experiments, we assessed carbon flow into and out of the mat around a daily cycle. The assessments were made using the ?13C values and data of the lake water samples from the IRMS in conjunction with bulk mat isotope values. Our data show significant interactions between DIC and DOC pools and allow us to estimate the daily balance between carbon fixation and remineralization mediated by the microbial mat.

Courtney, S.; Moran, J.; Cory, A. B.; Lindemann, S. R.; Fredrickson, J.

2013-12-01

260

77 FR 22217 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Snohomish River and Steamboat Slough, Everett and Marysville, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...CFR Part 117 [Docket No. USCG-2012-0281] Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Snohomish...docket are part of docket USCG-2012-0281 and are available online by going to http...regulations.gov, inserting USCG-2012-0281 in the ``Keyword'' box and then...

2012-04-13

 
 
 
 
261

75 FR 8346 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Settlement; Anderson-Calhoun Mine and Mill Site, Leadpoint, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...C. 9606 or 9607(a), for recovery of past costs and for the performance...mining and milling of lead-zinc ore, and the milling of barite...copper, lead, selenium and zinc at concentrations that exceed...reservation of certain rights, for recovery past response costs and...

2010-02-24

262

Results on charm and beauty production from the CERN WA92 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results concerning the production of charm and beauty hadrons in ?-interactions in thin metal targets at ?s=26 GeV are presented. In order to select events containing heavy quarks, the combined information of the CERN ?' spectrometer and of a high-resolution silicon detector that allowed direct observation of the decay vertices of short-lived hadrons have been used. In the 20% of our data sample analysed so far there are 81 events where the decay vertices of two charmed hadrons are detected. Results are compared with QCD predictions. The same data sample is used to search for the production of beauty particles. Preliminary indications are that the number of events found is compatible with published measurements of the beauty cross-section. (author). 14 refs., 4 figs

1994-01-01

263

Results on charm and beauty production from the CERN WA92 experiment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Results concerning the production of charm and beauty hadrons in {pi}{sup -}interactions in thin metal targets at {radical}s=26 GeV are presented. In order to select events containing heavy quarks, the combined information of the CERN {Omega}{sup `} spectrometer and of a high-resolution silicon detector that allowed direct observation of the decay vertices of short-lived hadrons have been used. In the 20% of our data sample analysed so far there are 81 events where the decay vertices of two charmed hadrons are detected. Results are compared with QCD predictions. The same data sample is used to search for the production of beauty particles. Preliminary indications are that the number of events found is compatible with published measurements of the beauty cross-section. (author). 14 refs., 4 figs.

Cardini, A. [Pisa Univ. (Italy); Beatrice Collaboration

1994-12-31

264

Nucleus-nucleus collisions at relativistic energies: The CERN WA80 experiment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

QCD lattice calculations predict that, at sufficiently high energy densities, hadronic matter undergoes a transition to a new phase of matter, the quark-gluon plasma, in which quarks and gluons are deconfined over a relatively large volume. It has been suggested that collisions between heavy nuclei at ultrarelativistic energies may produce the energy densities, estimated to be greater than 2 to 3 GeV/fm3, necessary for this phase transition to occur. An important goal of the first experiments with ultrarelativistic heavy-ion beams at the SPS accelerator at CERN is to investigate the extent to which this suggestion is correct. The primary experimental quantity used for estimating the energy density is the transverse energy, E/sub T/. We present here energies measured at zero degrees, together with transverse energy measurements. Estimates of attained energy densities and preliminary transverse momentum distributions of neutral products are also presented. 24 refs., 7 figs

1987-06-15

265

78 FR 68088 - Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Environmental Assessment AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior...SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service...consistent with sound principles of fish and wildlife management, conservation...Refuge and at the following libraries. [ssquf] North Olympic...

2013-11-13

266

75 FR 45055 - Security Zone; 2010 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...from 8 a.m. until 11:59 p.m. on August 4, 2010 unless canceled sooner by the COTP. Dated: July 22, 2010. S.W. Bornemann, Captain, U. S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port, Puget Sound. [FR Doc. 2010-18945 Filed 7-30-10; 8:45...

2010-08-02

267

75 FR 33692 - Safety Zone; Tacoma Freedom Fair Air Show, Commencement Bay, Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...until 4:30 p.m. on July 4, 2010 unless canceled sooner by the Captain of the Port. Dated: June 1, 2010. S.W. Bornemann, Captain, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port, Puget Sound. [FR Doc. 2010-14293 Filed 6-14-10; 8:45...

2010-06-15

268

78 FR 25693 - Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest; Snohomish County, WA; Green Mountain Lookout Removal  

Science.gov (United States)

...Conservation Corps as part of a fire detection system in the...until 1984 when aerial fire detection became more prevalent; the fire staffing was gradually...include three elements in support of the project's Purpose...heavy and medium lift helicopters to ferry both...

2013-05-02

269

Numerical Simulation of Admiralty Inlet, WA, with Tidal Hydrokinetic Turbine Siting Application  

Science.gov (United States)

Tidal hydrokinetic energy has been recognized as a potential source of sustainable, renewable energy. In order to properly site turbines for commercial-scale development, the complex flow conditions in a potential deployment region must be understood. Viable locations for turbines are limited by many factors, including underwater space that is above the bottom boundary layer, below shipping traffic, within areas of strong currents, and yet avoids additional fatiguing stresses. The primary area of interest in the Puget Sound for commercial tidal energy development is Admiralty Inlet, which includes potentially disruptive flow features such as vortices and strong turbulence. This dissertation seeks to increase the body of knowledge of these features both from an oceanographic perspective and as they pertain to turbine site characterization. The primary means of studying Admiralty Inlet in this document is through numerical simulation of the region using the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). The model output is found to compare well with field data, capturing eddy fields, turbulence properties, relative tidal phases, and illuminating many flow features. Horizontal velocities in the simulation are, on average, approximately 75% the size of those found in the data. This speed deficiency is inherited from the forcing model in which the Admiralty Inlet simulation is nested. The model output also shows that the flow field of this fjord-like estuary is largely affected by a headland on the northeast side of the Inlet. Vortices generated by this headland, Admiralty Head, are found to vary considerably depending on the tidal cycle. The eddies can persist beyond the half-cycle of generation to significantly affect the horizontal speed and other flow field properties in the subsequent half-cycle. Detailed analysis of the vertical vorticity governing equation shows that advection, tilting, stretching, and boundary generation are the most significant processes dictating the behavior of the vorticity. Turbulence modeling in the simulation is carried out via a k-epsilon turbulence closure scheme. Comparisons of model output with high resolution field data show the model to perform reasonably well: predicted Reynolds stress and turbulent dissipation rate values are usually within a factor of two of the field data. The turbulent kinetic energy from the simulation compares well with field data that is restricted to the frequency range of classical turbulence. The energy density spectrum of the data is found to follow Kolmogorov's theory beyond the inertial subrange. Using this fact and Taylor's frozen field approximation, an inferred calculation for the turbulent kinetic energy is derived that spans the full frequency range of the data set. The output from the inferred calculation compares well with the full turbulent kinetic energy from the field data. Maps of metrics for tidal turbine siting are generated that address many considerations for turbine placement, and can be adjusted for the model's speed deficiency with a simple multiplication factor. Among the possible best locations for turbine deployment are north of Point Wilson on the west side of Admiralty Inlet and near the center of the channel between Point Wilson and Admiralty Head. These locations have a strong tidal resource available along with highly bi-directional tidal currents and low turbulence levels.

Thyng, Kristen M.

270

Nanoscale Zirconium-(oxyhydr)oxide in Contaminated Sediments From Hanford, WA - A New Host for Uranium  

Science.gov (United States)

Zirconium-, uranium-, and copper-bearing wastes have leached from former disposal ponds into vadose zone sediments in the 300 Area at the Department of Energy's Hanford Site. Zirconium is enriched in the shallow portion of the vadose zone, and we have discovered an amorphous Zr-(oxyhydr)oxide that contains 16% of the total uranium budget (84.24 ppm) in one of the shallow samples. We have characterized the oxide using electron microprobe analysis (EMPA), a focused ion beam (FIB) instrument, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It occurs in fine-grained coatings found on lithic and mineral fragments in these sediments. The oxide is intimately intergrown with the phyllosilicates and other minerals of the coatings, and in places can be seen coating individual, nano-sized phyllosilicate mineral grains. Electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) shows that the Zr-(oxyhydr)oxide has a P:Zr atomic ratio around 0.2, suggesting it is either intergrown with minor amounts of a Zr-phosphate or has adsorbed a significant amount of phosphate. This material has adsorbed or incorporated a substantial amount of uranium. Thus, understanding its nature is critical to predicting the long-term fate of U in the Hanford vadose zone. While the low-temperature uptake of U by Zr-(oxhydr)oxides and phosphates has been studied for several decades in laboratory settings, to our knowledge ours is the first report of such uptake in the field.

Stubbs, J. E.; Elbert, D. C.; Veblen, L. A.; Zachara, J. M.; Davis, J. A.; Veblen, D. R.

2008-12-01

271

NPDES FACILITY AND DISCHARGE PIPES FOR WA, OR, ID, AND AK  

Science.gov (United States)

This data is available region-wide. Mostly includes major and about 15% of the minor discharge facilities. Locations for most of the majors were developed by a HQ contractor from facility supplied information with generally good accuracy but may fail at site level scale detail....

272

A petrologic study of the Teanaway Basalt: Eocene slab window volcanism in central WA  

Science.gov (United States)

The Teanaway Basalt (TB) includes subaerial basalt to andesite flows, mafic to felsic tuffs, and rhyolite domes in the Central Cascades of Washington State. These volcanics overlie the extensive ~47 Ma Teanaway Dike Swarm (TDS) that cuts the underlying Swauk Formation. This study focuses on the tectonic setting of eruption and geochemical variations relating to geography and stratigraphy within the TB. The western-most area of the TB, Easton Ridge (ER), is compared with the eastern-most area of the TB, Liberty Ridge (LR) - 40 km to the east of ER. The bimodal TB consists predominantly of basaltic andesite and andesite (45.3-63.1 wt% SiO2) with subordinate rhyolite (75.9-79.4 wt% SiO2). The mafic rocks classify as primarily medium-K tholeiites (0.1-3.0 wt% K2O), but a few samples classify as alkaline. Enrichment in LILE and depletion in HFSE on spidergrams are indicative of an arc setting. However, compared with the modern Cascade Arc, the TB is distinctly higher in Fe2O3T (8.8-17.1 wt%) and TiO2 (1.1-2.7 wt%), and distinctly lower in Al2O3 (11.2-14.6) and K2O, with a similar range of Mg #s (0.15-0.48). Most tectonic discrimination plots characterize the TB as MORB, but some indicate an arc or within-plate setting. Preliminary Pb isotopic data (206Pb/204Pb = 19.13-19.19, 207Pb/204Pb = 15.62-15.64, and 208Pb/204Pb = 38.78-38.90) indicate the TB and TDS are more enriched than Cascade Arc rocks in 206Pb/204Pb and 208Pb/204Pb. Overall, these geochemical data are consistent with a model in which asthenospheric mantle ascending through a slab window interacts with mantle wedge that has previously acquired arc chemical traits. The existence of a slab window in this region during the mid-Eocene is compatible with plate reconstructions and evidence of extension that have been attributed to subduction of the Resurrection-Kula ridge (Haeussler et al., 2003). Harker plots show lavas at LR are generally more enriched than those at ER in Fe2O3T (11.9-17.1 wt% vs 8.8-15.7 wt%) MnO (0.16-0.28 wt% vs 0.11-0.24 wt%), and TiO2 (1.2-2.4 wt% vs 0.8-2.7 wt%), and have a narrower range of CaO (1.5-9.4 wt%) and Na2O (1.5-3.3 wt%) concentrations. Both LR and ER samples display modest LREE enrichment (La/Yb = 2.1-3.7) and similar incompatible element ratios, suggesting similar sources. ER samples show a broader range of REE contents but extend to lower levels, and have smaller negative Eu anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.55-0.96). Pearce element ratio plots suggest much of the variation reflects different degrees of plag+cpx fractionation. Alkaline lavas are restricted to ER and the central area of the TB. Differences in concentration at similar Mg# (most notably in Fe2O3T, TiO2, MnO, and Na2O) suggest multiple parent magmas, probably from similar mantle sources. With increasing stratigraphic height in the ~1.6 km thick LR section, there are general decreases in SiO2 (60 to 54 wt%), and general increases in CaO (4 to 8 wt%), MnO (0.1-0.15 wt%), and P2O5 (0.2-0.65 wt%). Mg# displays several cycles of decrease followed by increase, each extending over 400-1000m. These trends are suggestive of an evolving system that experienced multiple replenishment events.

Roepke, E.; Tepper, J. H.; Ivener, D.

2013-12-01

273

Biogas from renewable resources through dry anaerobic digestion; Biogas aus NaWaRos durch Trockenfermentation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The functionality, performance and operational safety of anaerobic digestion using the dry-wet simultaneous technique of Loock Consultants were investigated at the biogas pilot plant in Pirow (State Brandenburg). In addition to determining process parameters and the input and output balance of the digester, chemical characterisation of the substrates and their biogas production potential were determined in the laboratory. The results reveal that a substrate mixture of 60% maize silage, 13% poultry manure and 27% digested material on a mass basis deliver a methane yield of 90 m{sup 3}t{sup -1} fresh matter, if conducted as a three-week batch process. A specific methane yield performance of 0.34 m{sup 3}kg{sup -1} VS is attained, as with dry anaerobic digestion of maize silage, with the standard wet process. (orig.)

Heiermann, M. [ATB, Potsdam (Germany). Abt. Technikbewertung und Stoffkreislaeufe; Linke, B. [ATB, Potsdam (Germany). Abt. Bioverfahrenstechnik; Kessler, U. [Agrargenossenschaft Pirow e.G. (Germany). Biogasanlage; Loock, R. [Ingenieurbuero Loock Consultants, Hamburg (Germany)

2007-07-01

274

An analytic expression for P/L for WA long rods into armor steel  

Science.gov (United States)

Analytical expressions for normalized penetration of tungsten alloy long rods into semi-infinite armor steel as a function of impact velocity have been analyzed. Adjustable parameters were determined by least-squares regression to experimental data for impact velocities from ~0.4 km/s to ~4.5 km/s. Further work has been performed to generalize the procedure to account for target hardness and projectile aspect ratio.

Anderson, C. E.; Walker, J. D.

1996-05-01

275

Mechanism of Al-Wa’Ad (Promise): Teory and Application in Islamic Banking in Malaysia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Contract according to Syariah Law can be defined as being “an expression of the matching between a positive proposal made by one of the contractors and the acceptance of the other contractor in a way which has an impact on the subject of the contract” . There are standard requirements provides by the law in order to constitute a valid binding contract namely offer, acceptance, consideration, and intention to create legal relation. This requirement is more or less the same with the...

Nor Adila bt. Mohd Noor; Aripin, Mohd Ashraf B.

2010-01-01

276

Options To Cleanup Site-wide Vadose Zone Contamination At The Hanford Site, WA, State  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site in south central Washington State lies along the Columbia River and is one of DOE's largest legacy waste management sites. Enormous radionuclide and chemical inventories exist below-ground. These include Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) storage facilities where hazardous and radioactive contaminants were discharged and leaked to the soil surface and to the deep vadose zone and groundwater. The vadose zone is also contaminated from facilities regulated by the RCRA and Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) Act. Hanford now contains as much as 28,300 cubic meters of soil contaminated with radionuclides from liquid wastes released near processing facilities. The Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order, Tri-Party Agreement (TPA) has set the completion of the cleanup of these sites by 2024. There are numerous technical and regulatory challenges to cleanup of the vadose zone at the Hanford site. This paper attempts to identify the categories of deep vadose zone problem and identifies a few possible regulatory options to clean up the site under the mix of state and federal regulatory authorities. There are four major categories of vadose contamination areas at the Hanford Site. The first is laterally extensive with intermediate depth (ground surface to about 45 meters depth) mostly related to high volume effluent discharge into cribs, ponds and ditches of designated CERCLA facilities. The second is dominated by laterally less extensive mostly related to leaks from RCRA tank farms. The later contamination is often commingled at depth with wastes from adjacent CERCLA facilities. The third category is from the high volume CERCLA facilities extending from the surface to more than 60 meters below ground. Contamination from the later category crosses the entire thickness of the vadose zone and reached groundwater. The fourth category is the lower volume waste sites. There are multiple management options to clean up the above four categories of vadose zones sites. The following are some of the options considered for detailed evaluation: - Maintain separate decision processes for each RCRA and CERCLA units/waste sites with a more accommodating schedule. - Create new vadose zone operable units with limited geographical boundaries regardless of site category/origin and make an integrated decision. - Expand the existing CERCLA groundwater operable units to include the deep vadose zone - Use a combination of the above. Each option has pros and cons and regulatory limitations. Detailed evaluation of these options is required to support a cost effective expedited cleanup. (authors)

2008-02-24

277

76 FR 41286 - Conboy Lake and Toppenish National Wildlife Refuges, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...threatened species * * * or (B) plants'' (16 U.S.C. 1534, Endangered Species Act of 1973). The refuge also fills an...threatened species * * * or (B) plants'' (16 U.S.C. 1534; Endangered Species Act of 1973). Located in arid...

2011-07-13

278

Study of charm hadrons produced with a hyperon beam at CERN (the experiment WA89)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The study of charmed hadrons has been pursued using data recorded in 1993.. Charge asymmetries of the charmed particles produced in a ?"- beam have been observed and preliminary cross sections measured. (authors)

1997-01-01

279

76 FR 60587 - Environmental Impact Statement; North Corridor Transit Project, Seattle (WA) Metropolitan Area...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Northgate Transit Center in north Seattle and end at the...I-5), the major north-south route through...between Puget Sound to the west and Lake Washington to...Transit System and the North Corridor Sound Move...service, including the Central Link light rail...

2011-09-29

280

78 FR 37969 - Safety Zone; South Park Bridge Construction, Lower Duwamish Waterway, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1625-AA00 Safety Zone; South Park Bridge Construction, Lower Duwamish Waterway...and workers involved in the bridge construction. The safety zone will prohibit...hazards associated with the bridge construction. Under 5 U.S.C....

2013-06-25

 
 
 
 
281

75 FR 32855 - Safety Zone; Pierce County, WA, Department of Emergency Management, Regional Water Exercise  

Science.gov (United States)

...Emergency Management, Regional Water Exercise AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION...is sponsoring a Regional Water Rescue Exercise in the waters of East Passage near Browns...from passing within 900 yards of the exercise area, and restricting deep draft...

2010-06-10

282

Modification of Visual Approach Slope Indicator Baffles at Pearson Field Airpark, Vancouver, WA.  

Science.gov (United States)

This technical note describes a research effort that was accomplished to correct a safety deficiency with a Visual Approach Slope Indicator (VASI) system at the Pearson Field Airpark in Vancouver, Washington. During a recent inspection flight, the VASI sy...

J. W. Patterson

2007-01-01

283

GigaWaMâ??Next-Generation WDM-PON Enabling Gigabit Per-User Data Bandwidth  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The â??Gigabit access passive optical network using wavelength division multiplexingâ? project aims to implement 64-Gb/s data transmission over 20-km single-mode fiber. Per-user symmetric data rates of 1-Gb/s will be achieved using wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) architecture with a 1:64 user split per PON segment. Enabling technologies being developed within the scope of the project include tunable transceivers and athermal 50-GHz array waveguide grating multiplexer devices. The future-proof WDM architecture will enable convergence triple-play (telephony, TV, and broadband internet) service over existing optical infrastructure, and also facilitate cost-effective dense wavelength division multiplexing for metro aggregation and mobile backhaul networks.

Prince, Kamau; Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood

2012-01-01

284

76 FR 9047 - Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Science.gov (United States)

...offset the loss of these hunting opportunities, 250 acres...be opened to waterfowl hunting. The northern portion...would be closed early to hunting (January 15) to prevent disturbance to a great blue heron nesting colony...species such as Columbian white-tailed deer and...

2011-02-16

285

For the establishment of engineering profession; Ore wa gijutsusha dato, hokoritakaku katareru hi wo mezashite  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

There is a country in which professionals are respected, and occupy important posts with a high sense of responsibility across the society. An engineer has his education started, he gains experience and earns a professional qualification of Japan which is internationally accepted, he gains further experience and makes efforts to acquire American and European qualifications such as PE and CEng or international engineers' qualifications such as APEC Engineer and International Engineer. Continuing professional development (CPD) should be institutionalized, and a system should be constructed which will help such a young engineer receive CPD without quitting his job and keep his knowledge and ability from becoming antiquated. This can be a desired goal for a nation who wants to enhance its industrial competitiveness by fully extracting engineers' capabilities as well as for an individual engineer who wants to live a worthwhile life. A new system for the qualification of engineers should begin with the establishment of the consultant engineer qualification as a professional engineers' standard qualification. Both Government and civil sectors should make their utmost efforts to build a system for making full use of this qualification. (NEDO)

Ohashi, H. [Kogakuin University, Tokyo (Japan)

2000-03-20

286

Luba folklore and women's ethno-gendered discourse of wifehoodin “Cintu Wa Bujitu”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper investigates Lubà-kasààyi folklore, particularly a folk song, in order to reveal an ethno-gendered construction of wifehood. It aims to show girls’ socialization into a sexist and patriarchal discourse and how such a practice ideologically initiates them into their future subservient role of caterers for the husbands’ alimentation needs. Moreover, folklore seems to perpetuate traditions, and so the gender inequality inscribed within them, a situation that is particularly apparent in villages.

Mulamba, Nshindi-Germain

2013-12-01

287

77 FR 3111 - Safety Zone; Export Grain Terminal (EGT), Columbia River, Longview, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...maritime traffic in the area around EGT's piers and wharves on the Columbia River and that vessels bound for EGT are able to moor there safely. This safety zone applies equally to all waterway users and is intended to allow maximal use of the waterway...

2012-01-23

288

75 FR 53572 - Safety Zone; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Regulations. In accordance with the general regulations in 33 CFR Part 165, Subpart C, no person or vessel may enter, transit, moor, or anchor within this safety zone unless authorized by the Captain of the Port or Designated Representative. (d)...

2010-09-01

289

75 FR 2077 - Safety Zone; Todd Pacific Shipyards Vessel Launch, West Duwamish Waterway, Seattle, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...b) Regulations. In accordance with the general regulations in 33 CFR Part 165, Subpart C, no vessel may enter, transit, moor, or anchor within this safety zone, except for vessels authorized by the Captain of the Port or her Designated...

2010-01-14

290

77 FR 38236 - Special Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival, Carr Inlet, Cutts Island, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...1625-AA08 Special Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival, Carr Inlet, Cutts Island...the maritime public during the Underwater Music Festival and would do so by establishing...notice. Basis and Purpose The Underwater Music Festival is an event which includes...

2012-06-27

291

Can tropical natural forest be regenerated. Nettai shizenrin no saisei wa kanoka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Grappling with the problems of tropical forest decrease is currently being done in the various forms at the levels of the United Nations, States and enterprises. At a level of the United Nations, in the Earth Summit held in 1992, the 'Biodiversity Treaty' and 'Forest Principle Statement' were adopted and the treaty will come soon into force. At a level of States, the advanced countries such as Europe, America, Japan and so forth are grappling with the research and study with a large scale in the tropical forest regions. In addition, inside Japan, the Ministry of Construction has studied a future direction of utilization and rationalization for the formwork made by plywood in the Earth Environmental Special Subject Branch Meeting, Planning Sectional Meeting, Construction Technological Development Conference taken place in 1991, and moreover has concretely executing a curtailment of the tropical wood consumption in the actual construction work. At a level of the enterprises, almost all enterprises taking part in the construction business are grappling with a consumption curtailment irrespective of the civil engineering or architecture. The earth environmental problems are greatly induced by failing in a human consideration on the ecosystem conservation. It is required for making the most of know-how on the ecosystem conservation activity, which has been cultivated domestically so far, in order to preserve the tropical forest ecosystem. 3 figs., 1 tab.

Miyamoto, T. (Shimizu Corp., Tokyo (Japan))

1994-04-15

292

77 FR 37600 - Safety Zone; Arctic Drilling and Support Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Sector Puget Sound Captain of the Port (COTP) Zone from now until August...together comprise the 3rd largest container ship port in the United States. In addition...must contend with numerous large container ships and ferries transiting...

2012-06-22

293

77 FR 16852 - Notice of Reclassification of Five Regional Offices to Investigative Field Offices: Seattle, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...space from another agency. The planned lease of office space and tenant...thereafter. D. Impact on Local Economies The planned reclassification of five regional...to have any impact on the local economies of Seattle, Washington;...

2012-03-22

294

Dental decay rates among children of migrant workers in Yakima, WA.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The literature documents a significant decline in the prevalence of dental caries among children. Unfortunately, dental decay rates of children of migrant workers remain high. This study collected data from 885 migrant children in central Washington. This community is in the west coast migrant stream. The area is served by a health center funded through the community and migrant health center program. There is an active dental program provided through the health center. The children were foun...

Koday, M.; Rosenstein, D. I.; Lopez, G. M.

1990-01-01

295

Supplemental groundwater remediation technologies to protect the Columbia River at Hanford, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nine projects have been recently selected by the US Department of Energy (EM-22) to address groundwater contaminant migration at the Hanford Site. This paper summarizes the background and objectives of these projects. Five of the selected projects are targeted at hexavalent chromium contamination in Hanford 100 Area groundwater. These projects represent an integrated approach towards identifying the source of hexavalent chromium contamination in the Hanford 100-D Area and treating the groundwater contamination. Currently, there is no effective method to stop strontium-90 associated with the riparian zone sediments from leaching into the river. Phyto-remediation may be a possible way to treat this contamination. Its use at the 100-N Area will be investigated. Another technology currently being tested for strontium-90 contamination at the 100-N Area involves injection (through wells) of a calcium-citrate-phosphate solution, which will precipitate apatite, a natural calcium phosphate mineral. Apatite will adsorb the strontium-90, and then incorporate it as part of the apatite structure, isolating the strontium-90 contamination from entering the river. This EM-22 funded apatite project will develop a strategy for infiltrating the apatite solution from ground surface or a shallow trench to provide treatment over the upper portion of the contaminated zone, which is unsaturated during low river stage. Uranium in groundwater at the Hanford 300 Area is another environmental concern. Preliminary laboratory tests indicate that it may be possible to inject water-soluble phosphate compounds into the uranium contamination to stabilize it. One of the projects will perform laboratory tests using long-chain polyphosphate materials. Then, a field test will be conducted to determine if it is possible to treat groundwater in the unconfined aquifer at the Hanford 300 Area using polyphosphate materials. The rates of abiotic hydrolysis of are key parameters needed to predict the movement of carbon tetrachloride and one of its reductive degradation products, chloroform, from the Hanford 200 West Area towards the Columbia River. Current values for these rates have high uncertainty associated with them because they are extrapolated from determinations made at high temperatures (>70 deg. C) to ambient groundwater temperatures (?19 deg. C) and have ignored possible contributions from sorptive interactions with sediments. One of the EM-22 projects will improve this situation by measuring the hydrolysis rates at temperatures down to 20 deg. C and in contact with various sediment solids. (authors)

2007-03-01

296

76 FR 20707 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...FEIS on the proposed Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project. The Washington State Department of Ecology is a joint lead with Reclamation in the preparation of the FEIS, in coordination with the Washington Department of Fish...

2011-04-13

297

1988 Annual Summer Computer Simulation Conference, 20th, Seattle, WA, July 25-28, 1988, Proceedings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The conference presents papers on simulation methods; computer systems; credibility and validation; simulation verification of computer performance; radar and communications systems simulation; physical, chemical, and engineering sciences; and parallel processing and concurrent simulation. Consideration is also given to biomedical simulation, energy and environmental sciences, training and research simulators, intelligent simulation environments, and simulation of discrete systems. Other topics include space and transportation systems, missile and aircraft systems simulation, and SDI.

Barnett, C.C.; Holmes, W.M.

1988-01-01

298

Bia?ko C-reaktywne – wa?ny marker ryzyka kr??eniowego: nowe fakty  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available W trakcie ostatnich lat jest obserwowany wyra?ny post?p w dziedzinie diagnostyki kardiologicznej oraz stratyfikacji ryzyka kr??eniowego. Sta?o si? to mo?liwe dzi?ki zastosowaniu nowoczesnych metod biochemicznych i immunologicznych. Szczególn? rol? przypisuje si? ostatnio markerom procesu zapalnego, a w?ród nich – ?atwo dost?pnemu oznaczeniu bia?ka C-reaktywnego. Poni?sza praca stanowi przegl?d najnowszych doniesie? na ten temat.

Katarzyna Ko?odziej

2004-06-01

299

Interacting Coastal Based Ecosystem Services: Recreation and Water Quality in Puget Sound, WA  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Coastal recreation and water quality are major contributors to human well-being in coastal regions. They can also interact, creating opportunities for ecosystem based management, ecological restoration, and water quality improvement that can positively affect people and the environment. Yet the effect of environmental quality on human behavior is often poorly quantified, but commonly assumed in coastal ecosystem service studies. To clarify this effect we investigate a water quality dataset fo...

Kreitler, Jason; Papenfus, Michael; Byrd, Kristin; Labiosa, William

2013-01-01

300

Future trend of science and technology. Kagaku gijutsu wa doko made susumu ka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The fifth survey of a large scale technology forecast which is conducted by the Science and Technology Agency (Japan) is now started. This paper gives a prospect on the megatrend of technical innovation according to the 4th. Survey conducted in 1987. Threefold viewpoints of the analysis are as follows: Type of the technical innovation (Breakthrough type and technology melting pot type). New technology and new product development (adding higher value, human friendly type). Leading technology qualitative innovation of information/electronic technology; pursuit of highly intelligent technology. (Biological technology qualitative innovation of bio-technology: pursuit of simulated organism function). The technical forecast is conducted on 17 field sectors. Examples of design-synthesis and fabrication'' technology are a technology of control based on clarification at atomic and molecular levels'', and another is design and synthesis technology of substances by means of a computer science:.'' 2 tabs.

Kondo, S. (Inst. for Future Techynology, Tokyo (Japan))

1991-01-05

 
 
 
 
301

Healing leadership: the serving leader's impact on patient outcomes in a clinical environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Chris Nagel1, Anthony C Andenoro21Medical Operations – Continuous Improvement, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; 2Department of Organizational Leadership, Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA, USAAbstract: The future of health care is a topic that has significant importance to patients and caregivers alike for generations to come. As the health care industry becomes more complex, leadership and the examination of how to most effectively apply it to meet efficiency standards and optimize the patient experience will become paramount. Through this paper the authors provide the foundation for meeting this need through an innovative and socially adept framework that identifies the critical character attributes of a serving leader and the powerful impact that serving leaders can have on patient outcomes in the health care setting. This framework is grounded in a leadership theoretical foundation and contextually examined through qualitative methods. As the business of health care becomes more complex and more competitive, finding ways to improve processes and create healing environments conducive to improved patient outcomes will differentiate average health care and excellent health care in the future. This paper provides the impetus for successfully addressing these needs through the development of serving leaders, and three specific characteristics: emotional care, presence, and awareness.Keywords: servant leadership, health care, patient outcomes

Andenoro A

2012-05-01

302

Libby Amphibole Contamination in Tree Bark Surrounding Historical Vermiculite Processing Facilities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over a 70-year period, a mine near Libby, MT supplied nearly 80% of the world’s vermiculite. Raw vermiculite, which was contaminated with naturally occurring amphibole in veins throughout the deposit, was shipped to processing sites throughout the United States for exfoliation. In this pilot study, tree bark samples were collected near processing facilities in Spokane, WA, Santa Ana, CA, Newark, CA, and Phoenix, AZ in an effort to determine if areas surrounding these facilities are today contaminated with Libby amphibole asbestos (AA. From areas surrounding each of the four historical processing sites, Libby AA was detected in a subset of the bark samples. At the Santa Ana, Newark and Phoenix facilities, actinolite-tremolite and other high Fe Ca-bearing amphibole were also measured from the bark samples. In addition, chrysotile was frequently measured in samples collected from each of the sites. From the results of this pilot study, it is evident that tree bark can serve as reservoirs of asbestos, and indicators of past and current contamination. These data also suggest that areas outside of these historical processing facilities may today have some level of existing contamination resulting from the operation of these facilities.

Mohamed I. Elashheb

2011-10-01

303

i Engaging as an innovative approach to engage patients in their own fall prevention care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Huey-Ming Tzeng,1 Chang-Yi Yin21College of Nursing, Washington State University, Spokane, WA, USA; 2Department of History, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, TaiwanAbstract: Decreasing patient fall injuries during hospitalization continues to be a ­challenge at the bedside. Empowering patients to become active participants in their own fall ­prevention care could be a solution. In a previous study, elderly patients recently discharged from a United States hospital expressed a need for nurses to give and repeat directives about fall prevention; when the nurse left a brochure on the topic, but did not provide any (or limited verbal explanations about the content or the importance of the information, the patient felt that the information was insufficient. To address patients’ needs, we developed “i ­Engaging”, a Web-based software application for use at the bedside. i Engaging is an innovative approach that is used to engage patients in their own fall prevention care during hospital stays. The application was designed based on the assumption that patients are the best and most critical sources of information about their health status. i Engaging has not yet been tested in clinical trials.Keywords: patient, safety, hospital, nursing care, fall, consumer involvement

Tzeng HM

2014-05-01

304

Temporal Optimization of Radiotherapy Treatment Fractions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Absorbed dose calculations for 1 MeV, monodirectional photon beams targeted at an idealized neck cancer have been performed using the MCNP computer code. The dose-depth profiles for the individual beams were then used to calculate the cell-killing effects of representative treatment designs using the lethal and potentially lethal (LPL) radiobiological model. Our calculations, which are based on LPL parameter values for colon adenocarcinoma cells, suggest that increasing the time required to deliver each dose fraction from less than a minute up to 1 or 2 hours can decrease the overall cell-killing effects of some treatments by factors as high as 2 to 20. Moreover, dose protraction effects alter the iso-effect treatment dose by factors on the order of 5 to 10%. That is, a 75 Gy treatment produces about the same tumor control probability (TCP) as a 70 Gy treatment if the dose fractions are delivered in 1 to 2 hours instead of a few minutes. American Nuclear Society (ANS) Topical Meeting on Radiation Protection for our National Priorities, Medicine, the Environment, and the Legacy (RPS 2000), Spokane, WA, September 17-21, 2000

2000-09-17

305

«Wa-wa?aln? ‘al? barakat All?h il? ?g?l?z»: à propos de la localisation d’?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, le ?i?n du Mahd? Ibn T?mart  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

L’article se propose d’infirmer la proposition émise par Allen Fromherz dans l’une des dernières livraisons d’Al-Qan?ara d’identifier ?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, lieu de naissance d’Ibn T?mart et premier foyer de la révolution almohade, avec la localité d’?gl? dans la vallée du Sous. Conjuguant étude de la documentation écrite, rappel historiographique des rares études savantes à avoir été consacrées à ce site méconnu, et premiers éléments d’u...

Stae?vel, Jean-pierre; Fili, Abdallah

2006-01-01

306

Study of charm hadrons produced with a hyperon beam at CERN (the experiment WA89); Etude des hadrons charmes produits avec un faisceau d`hyperons au CERN (experience WA89)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The study of charmed hadrons has been pursued using data recorded in 1993.. Charge asymmetries of the charmed particles produced in a {Sigma}{sup -} beam have been observed and preliminary cross sections measured. (authors) 6 refs.

Berat, C.; Buenerd, M.; Chauvin, J.; Fournier, A.; Martin, Ph.; Rey-Campagnolle, M. [Inst. des Sciences Nucleaires, Grenoble-1 Univ., 38 (France)

1997-12-31

307

«Wa-wa?aln? ‘al? barakat All?h il? ?g?l?z»: à propos de la localisation d’?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, le ?i?n du Mahd? Ibn T?mart  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available L’article se propose d’infirmer la proposition émise par Allen Fromherz dans l’une des dernières livraisons d’Al-Qan?ara d’identifier ?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, lieu de naissance d’Ibn T?mart et premier foyer de la révolution almohade, avec la localité d’?gl? dans la vallée du Sous. Conjuguant étude de la documentation écrite, rappel historiographique des rares études savantes à avoir été consacrées à ce site méconnu, et premiers éléments d’une enquête de géographie historique et d’archéologie en cours, la présente contribution voudrait montrer : 1.º que la théorie de Fromherz est sous-tendue par des erreurs d’appréciation des matériaux historiques utilisés ; 2.º que le village natal d’Ibn T?mart se situe non dans la vallée du Sous, mais dans l’Anti-Atlas central, comme l’avaient déjà bien montré en leur temps Huici Miranda et D. Jacques-Meunié ; 3.º que le site d’?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, dont on avance ici une localisation précise, comprend notamment un lieu fortifié de hauteur qui a servi, lors des premiers affrontements contre les Almoravides, de refuge à Ibn T?mart et aux membres de sa tribu. Une brève description archéologique des vestiges est enfin donnée de ce site jusqu’à ce jour inédit.

El artículo se propone rebatir la propuesta que planteó Allen Fromherz en uno de los últimos números de Al-Qan?ara, al identificar ?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, lugar de nacimiento de Ibn T?mart y primer foco de la revolución almohade, con la localidad de ?gl?, ubicada en el valle del Sous. Al juntar el estudio de la documentación escrita, la evocación historiográfica de los pocos estudios eruditos dedicados a este yacimiento desconocido, con los primeros elementos de una encuesta de geografía histórica y arqueológica en curso, la presente contribución pretende demostrar : 1.º que la teoría de Fromherz adolece de errores de apreciación de los materiales históricos empleados ; 2.º que el pueblo natal de Ibn T?mart no se ubica en el valle del Sous, sino en el Anti-Atlas central, tal como ya demostraron Huici Miranda y D. Jacques- Meunié ; 3.º que el yacimiento de ?g?l?z-Des-Har?a, del cual se avanza aquí una ubicación precisa, encierra entre otros elementos un lugar fortificado de altura que sirvió de refugio a Ibn T?mart y los miembros de su tribu durante los primeros enfrentamientos contra los Almorávides. Finalmente, se da una breve descripción arqueológica de los vestigios de este yacimiento inédito hasta ahora.

Van Staëvel, Jean-Pierre

2006-06-01

308

W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Project Phase 1 Definition  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

For a secure and sustainable energy future, the United States (U.S.) must reduce its dependence on imported oil and reduce its emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs). To meet these strategic challenges, the U.S. wiU have to create fundamentally new technologies with performance levels far beyond what is now possible. Developing advanced post-combustion clean coal technologies for capturing CO{sub 2} from existing coal-fired power plants can play a major role in the country's transition to a sustainable energy future, especially when coupled with CO{sub 2}-enhanced oil recovery (CO{sub 2}-EOR). Pursuant to these goals, NRG Energy, Inc. (NRG) submitted an application and entered into a cost-shared collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Round 3 of the Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) to advance low-emission coal technologies. The objective of the NRG W A Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Demonstration Project is to establish the technical feasibility and economic viability of post-combustion CO{sub 2} capture using flue gas from an existing pulverized coal-fired boiler integrated with geologic sequestration via an enhanced oil recovery (EOR) process. To achieve these objectives, the project will be executed in three phases. Each phase represents a distinct aspect of the project execution. The project phases are: • Phase I. Project Definition/Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) • Phase ll. Detailed Engineering, Procurement & Construction • Phase III. Demonstration and Monitoring The purpose of Phase I is to develop the project in sufficient detail to facilitate the decision-making process in progressing to the next stage of project delivery. Phase n. This report provides a complete summary of the FEED study effort, including pertinent project background information, the scope of facilities covered, decisions, challenges, and considerations made regarding configuration and performance of the facility, along with the conceptual design and estimate results. The findings of this report should be considered conceptual in nature and are conditioned on the statements contained herein. The cost of preparing this report (including the FEED study described herein) was funded in part by a $167-million grant provided by the U.S. DOE.

Armpriester, Anthony; Smith, Roger; Scheriffius, Jeff; Smyth, Rebecca; Istre, Michael

2014-02-01

309

Weighted averaging partial least squares regression (WA-PLS): an improved method for reconstructing environmental variables from species assemblages  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Weighted averaging regression and calibration form a simple, yet powerful method for reconstructing environmental variables from species assemblages. Based on the concepts of niche-space partitioning and ecological optima of species (indicator values), it performs well with noisy, species-rich data that cover a long ecological gradient (>3 SD units). Partial least squares regression is a linear method for multivariate calibration that is popular in chemometrics as a robust alternative to prin...

Braak, C. J. F.; Juggins, S.

1993-01-01

310

77 FR 32943 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Driving in the Columbia River, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...blows per foot, or a similar model. Sound attenuation devices...under dry conditions. Sound Propagation For background, sound is a...applied a practical spreading loss model to calculate sound propagation, which assumes that...

2012-06-04

311

Badania nad enolaz? - wa?nym alergenem grzybów ple?niowych. Preparacja i charakterystyka enolazy z Alternaria alternata  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wprowadzenie: Enzym szlaku glikolitycznego enolaza, uznawany jest za g?ówny alergen grzybów i ple?ni. Uzyskanie wysokooczyszczonych preparatów enolazy z ró?nych gatunków grzybów pozwoli w przysz?o?ci na zwi?kszenie specyficzno?ci i czu?o?ci w diagnostyce alergologicznej. Cel pracy: Celem niniejszej pracy by?o opracowanie metody preparacji enolazy z Alternaria alternata oraz zbadanie podstawowych w?a?ciwo?ci biochemicznych oczyszczonego enzymu. Materia? i metody: Szczep Alternaria alternata izolowany ze ?rodowiska hodowano na po?ywce Sabourauda z 4% glukoz?. Komórki grzybów rozbijano mechanicznie w m?ynku Brauna. Ekstrakt uzyskany ze zdezintegrowanych komórek frakcjonowano (NH42S04, a nast?pnie rozdzielano chromatograficznie na kolumnach, wype?nionych z?o?ami DEAE-Sephadex A-50 i CM-Sephadex C-50. Wyniki: Przeprowadzono badania nad wp?ywem czasu trwania hodowli Alternaria alternata na poziom aktywno?ci enolazowej w ekstrakcie komórkowym. Wykazano, ?e dla celów preparatywnych najefektywniejsza jest hodowla 28-dniowa. Opracowano metod? oczyszczania enolazy z Alternaria alternata, pozwalaj?c? na uzyskiwanie wysokooczyszczonego bia?ka. Okre?lono w?a?ciwo?ci molekularne i kinetyczne oczyszczonego enzymu. Wyznaczono mas? cz?steczkow? podjednostki enolazy Mw=47 kDa i optimum pH=6,8. Wykazano wysok? termostabilno?? enzymu, pozwalaj?c? na zachowanie 50% aktywno?ci po jednogodzinnej inkubacji w 50°C. Zbadano sta?e kinetyczne Km i Vmax dla reakcji 2-PGA—>PEP (1^=0,36 mM; Vmax=4 mmol min"1 pmol"1. Wnioski: Opracowana metoda izolacji i oczyszczania enolazy z Alternaria alternata pozwala na uzyskiwanie wysokooczyszczonego bia?ka. W?a?ciwo?ci biochemiczne oczyszczonego enzymu wskazuj? na jego znaczne molekularne podobie?stwo do enolazy z Saccharomyces cerevisiae i Candida albicans, co mo?e stanowi? przyczyn? wyst?powania krzy?owych reakcji mi?dzy tymi gatunkami grzybów.

Irena Kustrzeba-Wójcicka

2001-12-01

312

Smoking, it is slow suicide - aiming for smoking cessation; Kitsuen sore wa kanmannaru jisatsu. Kin'en wo mezashite  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Toxic substances content rate in the particle phase and the gas phase of paper roll tobacco and included substances in mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke were shown. Delay of information disclosure in developing countries including Japan was introduced along with explanation of the smoking situation in Japan and each country in world in the man and woman independence. As health hazard by smoking, symptom by nicotin, carbon dioxide and included other substances was described separately and smoking cessation countermeasure was introduced. (NEDO)

Azuma, Keiko [sophia University, Tokyo (Japan)

1999-02-01

313

75 FR 16502 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...unassociated funerary objects are a stone pestle (Whit-O-0135) and a stone mortar...stone scraper (WHIT-BR-0076); 1 pestle (WHIT-BR-0089); and 13 stone implements...0094). At an unknown date, a stone pestle (Whit-O-0137) was collected at...

2010-04-01

314

77 FR 13622 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Washington. The unassociated funerary objects are: 25 stone implements; 3 pestle fragments; 2 pounding stones; 1 grooved weight; 1 grooved stone; 1 mortar; 2 pestles; 1 bone awl; and 1 lot of metal beads. The stone implements were...

2012-03-07

315

Dissolution rates and vadose zone drainage from strontium isotope measurements of groundwater in the Pasco Basin, WA unconfined aquifer  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Strontium isotope compositions measured in groundwater samples from 273 wells in the Pasco Basin unconfined aquifer below the Hanford Site show large and systematic variations that provide constraints on groundwater recharge, weathering rates of the aquifer host rocks, communication between unconfined and deeper confined aquifers, and vadose zone-groundwater interaction. This article describes the evaluation of strontium geochemistry of a major aquifer.

Singleton, Michael J.; Maher, Katharine; DePaolo, Donald J.; Conrad, Mark E.; Dresel, P. EVAN

2006-04-30

316

Determining flow, recharge, and vadose zonedrainage in anunconfined aquifer from groundwater strontium isotope measurements, PascoBasin, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Strontium isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sr) measured in groundwater samples from 273 wells in the Pasco Basin unconfined aquifer below the Hanford Site show large and systematic variations that provide constraints on groundwater recharge, weathering rates of the aquifer host rocks, communication between unconfined and deeper confined aquifers, and vadose zone-groundwater interaction. The impact of millions of cubic meters of wastewater discharged to the vadose zone (103-105 times higher than ambient drainage) shows up strikingly on maps of groundwater 87Sr/86Sr. Extensive access through the many groundwater monitoring wells at the site allows for an unprecedented opportunity to evaluate the strontium geochemistry of a major aquifer, hosted primarily in unconsolidated sediments, and relate it to both long term properties and recent disturbances. Groundwater 87Sr/86Sr increases systematically from 0.707 to 0.712 from west to east across the Hanford Site, in the general direction of groundwater flow, as a result of addition of Sr from the weathering of aquifer sediments and from diffuse drainage through the vadose zone. The lower 87Sr/86Sr groundwater reflects recharge waters that have acquired Sr from Columbia River Basalts. Based on a steady-state model of Sr reactive transport and drainage, there is an average natural drainage flux of 0-1.4 mm/yr near the western margin of the Hanford Site, and ambient drainage may be up to 30 mm/yr in the center of the site assuming an average bulk rock weathering rate of 10-7.5 g/g/yr.

mjsingleton@lbl.gov

2004-06-29

317

Health assessment for Naval Undersea Warfare Station, Keyport, Washington, Region 10. CERCLIS No. WA1170023419. Preliminary report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Naval Undersea Warfare Station Site (NUW) has been proposed for inclusion on the National Priorities List. Preliminary on-site sampling results from the Keyport Landfill have identified chromium, lead, cadmium, mercury, and phthalates. Shellfish sampled from the intertidal flats identified various phthalates. Preliminary soil and sediment sampling results from the Van Meter Road area identified arsenic (16 ppm), cadmium (2 ppm), chromium (69 ppm), lead(36 ppm), and mercury (100 ppb). Preliminary sediment-sampling results from Liberty Bay identified lead (8 to 160 ppm), mercury (40 to 190 ppb), cadmium (130 to 970 ppb), and chromium (21 to 43 ppm). In addition, heavy metals were identified in shellfish. The site is considered to be of potential public health concern because of the risk to human health caused by the possibility of exposure to hazardous substances.

1988-09-01

318

GigaWaM project overview : high Density WDM-PON based on tunable lasers and VCSEL Arrays  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In the poster we present novel hybridized central office and optical network unit technologies for a 64 user WDM-PON, providing 1.25 Gbps bidirectional access over 20 km. Preliminary experimental transmission results are presented, including the possibility of upgrade up to 10 Gbps.

Rodes Lopez, Roberto; Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood

319

Novel bioconversion system from CO{sub 2} to useful chemicals; Kankyo baiotekunoroji-baiotekunoroji wa chikyu wo sukuuka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Japan is the existence in which the second is enormous in the industrial production activity in the developed country. However, energy consumption quantity of the daily life has left the industrializing country element. Though the life level cannot be dropped, emission reductions are necessary. Therefore, the complexity has been held on the CO{sub 2} countermeasure for Japan developed country. However, it can be called a good chance that it states the high technology goal and should tackle reformative technology development. It becomes a main theme that the hand also contains the result of wanting, while the environment is considered for the society in the twenty-first century. Completed and energy-saving car and household electric appliance, Such as the house of the high thermal insulation that can use 100 years, there is enough the research and development target. (NEDO)

Yukawa, H. [Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth, Kyoto (Japan)

1999-08-05

320

Chapman Conference on the Hydrologic Aspects of Global Climate Change, Lake Chelan, WA, June 12-14, 1990, Selected Papers  

Science.gov (United States)

The present conference on the hydrological aspects of global climate change discusses land-surface schemes for future climate models, modeling of the land-surface boundary in climate models as a composite of independent vegetation, a land-surface hydrology parameterizaton with subgrid variability for general circulation models, and conceptual aspects of a statistical-dynamical approach to represent landscape subgrid-scale heterogeneities in atmospheric models. Attention is given to the impact of global warming on river runoff, the influence of atmospheric moisture transport on the fresh water balance of the Atlantic drainage basin, a comparison of observations and model simulations of tropospheric water vapor, and the use of weather types to disaggregate the prediction of general circulation models. Topics addressed include the potential response of an Arctic watershed during a period of global warming and the sensitivity of groundwater recharge estimates to climate variability and change.

Lettenmaier, Dennis P. (editor); Rind, D. (editor)

1992-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

75 FR 5626 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA INT-DES...  

Science.gov (United States)

...language interpretation requests should be made to John Evans at 509-575-5848, extension 238. Si necesita interprete para Espanol, por favor llame John Evans a 509-575-5848, extencion 238. Public Disclosure Statement Before including your...

2010-02-03

322

75 FR 34927 - Safety Zone; Parade of Ships, Seattle SeaFair Fleet Week, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...until 8 p.m. on August 4, 2010, unless canceled sooner by the Captain of the Port. Dated: June 5, 2010. S.W. Bornemann, Captain, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port, Puget Sound. [FR Doc. 2010-14849 Filed 6-18-10; 8:45...

2010-06-21

323

IJCNN - International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, Seattle, WA, July 8-12, 1991, Proceedings. Vols. 1 2  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The present conference discusses such topics as the self-organization of nonnumeric data sets, higher-order data compression with neural networks, approaches to connectionist pattern synthesis, a time-varying recurrent neural system for convex programming, a fuzzy associative memory for conceptual design, sensor failure detection and recovery via neural networks, genetic optimization of self-organizing feature maps, a maximum neural network for the max-cut problem, a neural-network LSI chip with on-chip learning, an optoelectronic adaptive resonance unit, an adaptive fuzzy system for transform image coding, a neural model of image velocity encoding, and incremental learning with rule-based neural networks. Also discussed are the induction of neural networks for parallel binary operations, hybrid learning in expert networks, self-organizing modular neural networks, connectionist category formation, period-doublings to chaos in a simple neural network, the optimal adaptive classifier design criterion, fuzzy neuron models, associative memory networks, adaptive transfer functions, spatiotemporal correlation in the cerebellum, prejuditial searches and the pole balancer, linear quadratic regulation via neural networks, the global optimization of a neural network, neural network analysis of DNA sequences, map learning using an associative-memory neural network, a pairing strategy in an associative memory classifier, neural networks for music composition, and a neural network for motion computation.

1991-01-01

324

76 FR 28505 - Okanogan Public Utility District No. 1 of Okanogan County, WA; Notice of Availability of Draft...  

Science.gov (United States)

...15\\ The River 2D model, methods, and results...constant bulk density of sand equal to 100 pounds per...results of the River 2D model are consistent with the...sediment deposition (sand and silt) would increase...because the River 2D model did not...

2011-05-17

325

75 FR 17402 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application...  

Science.gov (United States)

...pursuant to section 4(f) of the Federal Power Act (FPA), proposing to study the feasibility of the Admiralty Inlet Tidal Energy Project to be located in Admiralty Inlet in the northwestern portion of Puget Sound, between the Olympic...

2010-04-06

326

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 10): Tulalip Landfill Superfund Site, Marysville, WA. (Interim remedial action), March 1, 1996  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The decision document presents the selected interim remedial action for the tulalip Landfill near Marysville, Washington. Major elements of the selected remedy include: capping the landfill in accordance with the Washington State Minimum Functional Standards (MFS) for landfill closure; installing a landfill gas collection system. If necessary, a gas treatment system will also be installed; monitoring the leachate mound within the landfill, the perimeter leachate seeps, and landfill gas to ensure the selected remedy is adequately containing the landfill wastes; restrictions to protect the landfill cap; and providing for operation and maintenance (O&M) to ensure the integrity of the cap system.

NONE

1996-05-01

327

Gas present situation and prospect. Present condition of Gas Companies; Gas genjo to tenbo. Wagasha wa ima  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper introduces the topics of three city gas companies. (1) At Tokyo Gas, the number of newly installed customers in a supply area is predicted in each year, and the business plan between fiscal 1997 and 2001 and the plant and equipment investment plan in fiscal 1997 were published. Tokyo Gas positively makes efforts to strengthen the system. The plant and equipment investment amount in fiscal 1996 was compressed from the beginning by 11,800,000,000 yen and totaled to 152,600,000,000 yen. The plant and equipment investment amount in fiscal 1997 was prescribed as 159,600,000,000 yen because of a decrease in manufacturing facilities and an increase of supply facilities and attendant business facilities. (2) At Osaka Gas, gas of 4,500,000 tons a year is supplied to Dai-Nihon Camplin, that is out of the its own supply area, from October for sales according to the relaxation of regulations. In Toho Gas, CD-ROM `Secret of Natural Gas` was distributed to primary schools in the Aichi Prefecture as one of the next-generation education on an environmental problem. 3 figs.

NONE

1997-07-01

328

Electric power, present situation, and prospect. Present condition of Electric Companies; Denryoku genjo to tenbo. Wagasha wa ima  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper introduces the topics of nine electric power companies. In Tokyo Electric Company, the settlement of accounts and the total sales power value in 1996 slightly exceeded those in 1995. Hokkaido Electric company developed a roof snow sensor and introduced a mobile generating vehicle of large capacity. Tohoku Electric Company introduced the lease system of an ice regenerative heat pump unit. Chubu Electric Company established a new energy hall in the site of a Hamaoka Nuclear Energy building. In Kansai Electric Company, the research and planning funds in 1997 showed an increase of 10% over last year (31,400,000,000 yen), and the fabrication of uranium fuel was ordered from a WH company in America. Hokuriku Electric Company initiated a power transmission of 500,000 volts in an Echizen substation and Kaga trunk line. Chugoku Electric company positively expanded the spreading activities of an ice regenerative air-conditioning system that mainly functions as power load standardization. In Shikoku Electric Company, the desired number of periodical inspection days is 50. In Kyushu Electric Company, the present situation of geothermal power generation is reported. 10 figs., 1 tab.

NONE

1997-07-01

329

Petroleum, present situation, and prospect. Present condition of Oil Companies; Sekiyu genjo to tenbo. Wagasha wa ima  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper introduces the topics of six oil companies. Idemitu Kosan developed the first ultra-lightweight and very thin-type wall display technology of organic EL (electroluminescence) in the world. Nihon Petroleum put comfortable electric floor heating system `Yukaina` (for Japanese-style room) on sale from May. Japan Energy is the first private enterprise in the country that imported an aviation fuel supply vehicle made in America. Cosmo Petroleum received the Chemical Industries Association prize by the development of residual oil hydro-cracking technology and practical use of a process. At Mobile Petroleum, senior vice-president I.F. Scorble took office as the chairman and president. At Mitsubishi Petroleum, the toluene disproportionation unit at a Mizushima oil refinery was completed to change the organism considerably. 7 figs.

NONE

1997-07-01

330

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 10): FMC Pesticide Formulation Facility, Yakima, WA. (First remedial action), September 1990  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The FMC Yakima Pit site is a former pesticide formulation facility in central Yakima County, Washington. The site consists of a 58,000 square foot fenced area on the northeastern portion of a 10-acre property. Pesticide dusts and liquids were manufactured onsite from 1951 to 1986, and between 1952 and 1969 wastes containing pesticides were disposed of in an onsite pit. Beginning in the 1970s, liquid products were formulated onsite, a process that used solvents, emulsifiers and stabilizers. The Record of Decision addresses the contamination that remains in the formulation areas and some contaminated soil in the former disposal pit, including 900 cubic yards of pesticide- and metal-contaminated soil and portions of buildings and other concrete structures that contain high levels of pesticide contamination. The primary contaminants of concern affecting the soil and debris are organics including pesticides and metals including chromium.

1990-09-14

331

Canada continues use prohibition of gene recombination cattle somatotropin; Kanada wa idenshikumikaegyu seicho horumon no shiyo kinshi wo keizoku  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Canada continued use prohibition of gene recombination cattle somatotropin (BST) which stimulated milk increased production of this company in spite of request of Monsanto Co.. The cow that BST was administered is based on the report of veterinary surgeon that causes reproductive function and lowering in the life, dysbasia and increase in the mastitis on this. From the research report that BST causes thyroid gland cyst of the male rat in U.S.A., consumer organization and environment group petition FDA for the elimination of BST from the U.S.A. market. In the meantime, Monsanto Co. in the report which Canada adopted, chemical structure is different, and it reports that it uses BST of other company in which dosing method and dosing frequency differ and disregards the report of Cornell university in which the life of the cow administered more and more does not lower BST. (translated by NEDO)

NONE

1999-04-05

332

New results from WA85 on multistrange hyperon production in 200 A GeV/c S-W interactions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The authors present results on transverse mass spectra for K{sup 0}, {Lambda}, anti {Lambda}, and h{sup -} and hyperon ratios obtained for the reaction of 200 A GeV {sup 32}S with a tungsten target. (HSI)

Evans, D. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Abatzis, S.; Andrighetto, A.; Antinori, F.; Barnes, R.P.; Bayes, A.C.; Benayoun, M.; Beusch, W.; Bravar, A.; Carney, J.N.; Crux, B. de la; Di Bari, D.; Dufey, J.P.; Davies, J.P.; Elia, D.; Fini, R.; French, B.R.; Girone, M.; Ghidini, B.; Helstrup, H.; Holme, A.K.; Jacholkowski, A.; Kahane, J.; Kinson, J.B.; Kirk, A.; Knudson, K.; Lassalle, J.C.; Lenti, V.; Leruste, P.; Manzari, V.; Navach, F.; Narjoux, J.L.; Penzo, A.; Quercigh, E.; Rossi, L.; Safarik, K.; Sene, M.; Sene, R.; Vassiliadis, G.; Villalobos Baillie, O.; Volte, A.; Votruba, M.F. [Athens Univ. (Greece)]|[Bari Univ. (Italy)]|[INFN, Bari (Italy)]|[Bergen Univ. (Norway)]|[Birmingham Univ. (United Kingdom)]|[CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)]|[College de France, Paris (France)]|[IN2P3, Paris (France)]|[CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)]|[INFN, Trieste (Italy); WA85 Collaboration

1994-01-03

333

77 FR 49857 - Early Scoping Notification for the Alternatives Analysis of the Tacoma Link Expansion in Tacoma, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Tacoma's South Downtown Subarea Plan, the MLK Subarea Plan and the other Growth and Employment...to Stadium District; west to north end of MLK district and south to S. 19th St. South Downtown to MLK--Extends from Union Station west to...

2012-08-17

334

75 FR 5941 - Umatilla National Forest, Walla Walla Ranger District, Walla Walla, WA; Cobbler II Timber Sale...  

Science.gov (United States)

...the 3-9 inch diameter at breast height (DBH) range which would be used as a woody biomass...for woody biomass products (3-9 inch DBH) and a high density of understory trees...encroachment. Trees less than or equal to 6 inches DBH would be cut by hand followed by a...

2010-02-05

335

76 FR 68783 - Notice of Realty Action: Direct (Non-Competitive) Sale of Reversionary Interest in Benton County, WA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Richland, Washington, under the authority of Section 203 of the Federal...State and local planning and zoning ordinances. The reversionary...canals constructed by the authority of the United States pursuant...we will be able to do so. Authority: 2711.1-2(a)....

2011-11-07

336

Petrology and Eruptive Styles of Central WA Teanaway Basalt: Uplift and Bimodal Volcanism in Subsiding Eocene Basin  

Science.gov (United States)

The 47 Ma Teanaway Basalt (TB) is a bimodal unit that erupted in Central Washington during the poorly-understood Challis Event. The TB consists of over 2500 meters of subaerial mafic flows, hyaloclastite, rhyolite domes, and tuff. In order to better understand the origin and tectonic setting of the TB, we have studied three localities that encompass the geographic extent of the unit: Easton Ridge (ER), Teanaway River Middle Fork (MF), and Liberty Ridge (LR). The TB lies stratigraphically between two thick arkosic sedimentary units (Swauk and Roslyn Formations) that are thought to have accumulated in a rapidly subsiding basin (Tabor et al., 1990). The gently-dipping, 380 meter thick, MF section is comprised of subaerial flows interbedded with hyaloclastite layers; no pillows were observed. These observations suggest that the TB erupted in shallow water and that the rate of subsidence was approximately equal to the rate of construction. In addition, the absence of arkosic interbeds within the MF section suggests that the sediment supply to the basin was interrupted during TB eruptions and/or that the basin was a highland during this period. Based on tectonic reconstructions (Heller et al., 1987), which place the Kula-Farallon Ridge in this area during the Eocene, we suggest that uplift during TB magmatism is a result of ridge subduction. Furthermore, the evidence of extensional dikes at a convergent margin can be accounted for by the subduction of a spreading ridge. Mafic TB lavas are moderately evolved (45.2 - 63.1 wt. % SiO2, Mg # = 0.13-0.48). These rocks are aphanitic to very fine-grained with sparse phenocrysts of plagioclase. These flows are commonly either massive or display spectacular columnar jointing and range in thickness from less than two feet to almost 150 feet (Clayton, 1973). They show extensive compositional overlap with dikes in the underlying Swauk Formation although the dikes tend to be slightly more primitive. These data support interpretation of the dikes as feeders for the overlying flows. Rhyolites within the TB have 73.0 - 79.4 wt. % SiO2, Mg# = 0.27 - 0.01, and 3.2-5.1 wt. % K2O. Relative to the associated basalts these rocks display larger negative Eu anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.36 to 0.70), steeper La/Sm, and lower HREE. MELTS modeling suggests that TB rhyolites can be derived from a TB basaltic andesite parent via at least 60% fractional crystallization that is dominated by plagioclase, pyroxene, and spinel formation. These modeled rhyolites compositionally match TB rhyolites (excluding CaO content) best when starting with 3.0 wt. % H2O and forming at 10kb.

Ivener, D.; Tepper, J. H.

2013-12-01

337

How far characterization can grasp catalyst as it really is; Kyarakutarizeshon wa dokomade shokubai no shin no sugata wo toraeruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Characterization is considered as compounding several methods to get a synthetical analysis on catalysts, and reflecting it in the catalysts design. On the other hand, since the progress of many surface analyzing methods, the discussions up to the molecule/atom level of the surface of solid catalysts become possible. For an example, the arrangement of atoms can be observed directly with scanning tunnel microscope and atomic force microscope together with high resolving power transmission electron microscope and scanning transmission electron microscope. Consequently, for an instance, in order to collect the crystal properties and other micro-data by the diffraction of X-ray and to analyze the micro-environment such as combination of the molecules, atomic distance, electronic state and so on with the latest surface analyzing methods and NMR, it is important to carry out the examination by using the analysing methods separately and, meanwhile, as complement to each other. In this paper, the necessity of the approach based on characterization for constituting new generation catalysts with the high functions is described. 17 refs., 3 figs.

Nakata, S. [Chiyoda Chemical Engineering and Construction Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

1993-10-05

338

75 FR 11533 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Technical Meeting To Discuss...  

Science.gov (United States)

...completely submerged gravity foundations; (2) two 250-meter service cables connected at a subsea junction box or spliced to a 0.5-kilometer subsea transmission cable, connecting to a cable termination vault about 50 meters from...

2010-03-11

339

77 FR 61781 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Repatriate in the Federal Register (77 FR 13622-13622, March 7, 2012). The two objects were not included due to a cataloguing error. In the Federal Register (77 FR 13622-13622, March 7, 2012), paragraph six, sentence two is corrected by...

2012-10-11

340

Initial Site-wide Groundwater remediation Strategy of the Hanford Site, WA: Its Application, Lessons Learned and Future Path forward  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 1989, the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) formed an agreement to clean up the Hanford Site, located in the state of Washington. By 1995, the three parties developed an initial comprehensive site wide groundwater remediation strategy with a vision to address contaminated plumes of hazardous and radioactive waste. The Hanford Site has more than 170 square miles of contaminated groundwater. Almost half exceeds the state and federal drinking water standards. The plumes are often commingled. The remediation is challenged by limited technologies, poor understanding of conceptual models, and subsurface contaminant behavior. This paper briefly describes the basic principles of the initial strategy, its application, the results of the decade-long operation, and the future path forward. The initial strategy was based on a qualitative assessment to reduce immediate risk to human health and the environment; to support commonly held values of stakeholders, including tribal nations and the public; and to deploy available remediation technologies. Two different approaches were used for two distinct geographic, the river shore reactor areas and the central plateau few miles away. The strategy was to cleanup the major groundwater plumes in the reactor areas next to the Columbia River where chromium, strontium-90, and uranium already entering the river and to contain the plumes of chlorinated solvents and radionuclides in the central plateau. The strategy acknowledges the lack of cost-effective technologies to address the contaminants, and asked DOE to develop, test, and deploy cost-effective alternative technologies wherever applicable. After more than a decade, the results are mixed. While the pump and treat provided a meaningful approach to address certain contaminants, it was too small in scale. Efforts to scale up these operations enhance characterization, and to deployment innovative technologies are progressing; albeit slowly due to budget constraints. A number of innovative technologies were identified to address source control and groundwater remediation across the Hanford Site. In the 10 years since the initial strategy was developed, additional severe groundwater and vadose zone contaminations were discovered under the waste storage tanks on the central plateau and river corridor areas. These problems required changes to the strategy. Changes include complete integration of vadose zone and groundwater characterization and remediation activities and immediate needs for technologies to address the deep vadose zone source areas, as well as thick aquifer contamination - especially for chlorinated solvents and technetium-99. The successes of the initial strategy show that even a strategy based on incomplete information can make progress on difficult issues. The regulatory agencies identified these issues early and provided the needed direction to DOE to move forward with the overall mission of clean up. The cleanup of the Hanford site is a big challenge, not only for DOE, but also for the regulators, to ensure the tri-party agencies achieve the desired goals. (authors)

2007-03-01

 
 
 
 
341

77 FR 58533 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the W.A. Parish Post...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Post-Combustion Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture...A. Parish Plant in Fort Bend...amine-based CO 2 absorption technology to...A. Parish Plant in Thompsons...amine-based CO 2 absorption technology...cogeneration plant into the...

2012-09-21

342

Dissolution rates and vadose zone drainage from strontium isotope measurements of groundwater in the Pasco Basin, WA unconfined aquifer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Strontium isotope compositions measured in groundwater samples from 273 wells in the Pasco Basin unconfined aquifer below the Hanford Site show large and systematic variations that provide constraints on groundwater recharge, weathering rates of the aquifer host rocks, communication between unconfined and deeper confined aquifers, and vadose zone-groundwater interaction. This article describes the evaluation of strontium geochemistry of a major aquifer

2006-04-30

343

75 FR 76951 - Foreign-Trade Zone 86-Tacoma, WA Application for Reorganization Under Alternative Site Framework  

Science.gov (United States)

...regulations of the Board (15 CFR part 400). It was formally filed on...Frederickson; Site 4 (232 acres)--Fife Business Park, 5003 Pacific Highway East, Fife; Site 5 (170 acres)--Lakewood...Avenue East and 20th Street East, Fife; and, Site 14 (89...

2010-12-10

344

Superfund Record of Decision Amendment (EPA Region 10): Hanford Site - 200 Area (USDOE), Benton County, WA., September 25, 1997.  

Science.gov (United States)

This ROD Amendment is based on the Administrative Record for the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility. The ERDF ROD specifies that expansion of the facility would be authorized as-needed through the ROD amendment process. Based on estimated remedia...

1998-01-01

345

Superfund Record of Decision amendment (EPA Region 10): Hanford Site -- 200 Area (USDOE), Benton County, WA, September 25, 1997  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This ROD Amendment is based on the Administrative Record for the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility. The ERDF ROD specifies that expansion of the facility would be authorized as-needed through the ROD amendment process. Based on estimated remediation waste volumes presented in the ERDF ROD, additional disposal cells were anticipated. This Amendment authorizes two additional ERDF cells to be constructed and operated for disposal of Hanford Site remediation waste. The Phase II construction shall be located entirely within the 4.1 square kilometer (1.6 square miles) area selected for ERDF, as defined in the ERDF ROD

1998-01-01

346

77 FR 28568 - Foreign-Trade Zone 216-Olympia, WA; Notification of Proposed Production Activity; Callisons, Inc...  

Science.gov (United States)

...entry procedures that apply to essential oils of peppermint (mentha piperita...cyclenic ketones without oxygen, essential oils of peppermint (mentha piperita), essential oils of mint and essential oils...

2012-05-15

347

Study to Explore Opportunities in Rural and Small Community Areas for the Preparation of Collegiate Nursing Students in Expanded Roles.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study of health care needs in the rural areas and small towns within a 100-mile radius of Spokane, Wash., is documented. The study sought to determine whether the seven eastern Washington counties around Spokane would be appropriate settings for prepari...

G. L. Deloughery E. M. Miggins

1973-01-01

348

In situ biomonitoring of juvenile Chinook salmon (Onchorhynchus tshawytscha) using biomarkers of chemical exposures and effects in a partially remediated urbanized waterway of the Puget Sound, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In situ biomonitoring has been used to assess the effects of pollution on aquatic species in heavily polluted waterways. In the current study, we used in situ biomonitoring in conjunction with molecular biomarker analysis to determine the effects of pollutant exposure in salmon caged in the Duwamish waterway, a Pacific Northwest Superfund site that has been subject to remediation. The Duwamish waterway is an important migratory route for Pacific salmon and has received historic inputs of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Juvenile pre-smolt Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) caged for 8 days in the three contaminated sites in close proximity within the Duwamish were analyzed for steady state hepatic mRNA expression of 7 exposure biomarker genes encompassing several gene families and known to be responsive to pollutants, including cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) and CYP2K1, glutathione S-transferase {pi} class (GST-{pi}), microsomal GST (mGST), glutamylcysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC), UDP-glucuronyltransferase family 1 (UDPGT), and type 2 deiodinase (type 2 DI, or D2). Quantitation of gene expression was accomplished by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in assays developed specifically for Chinook salmon genes. Gill PAH-DNA adducts were assessed as a chemical effects biomarker using {sup 32}P-postlabeling. The biomarkers in the field-caged fish were analyzed with respect to caged animals maintained at the hatchery receiving flow-through water. Chemical analysis of sediment samples from three field sampling sites revealed relatively high concentrations of total PAHs in one site (site B2, 6711 ng/g dry weight) and somewhat lower concentrations of PAHs in two adjacent sites (sites B3 and B4, 1482 and 1987 ng/g, respectively). In contrast, waterborne PAHs at all of the sampling sites were relatively low (<1 ng/L). Sediment PCBs at the sites ranged from a low of 421 ng/g at site B3 to 1160 ng/g at site B4, and there were no detectable waterborne PCBs at any of the sites (detection limit=10 ng/L). There were no significant differences (p<0.05) in biomarker gene expression in the Duwamish-caged fish relative to controls, although there was a pattern of gene expression suppression at site B3, the most heavily PAH-enriched site. The lack of a marked perturbation of mRNA biomarkers was consistent with relatively low levels of gill PAH-DNA adduct levels that did not differ among caged reference and field fish, and which were also consistent with relatively low waterborne concentrations of chemicals. The results of our study suggest a low bioavailability of sediment pollutants in caged juvenile Chinook potentially reflecting low waterborne exposures occurring at contaminated sites within the Duwamish waterway that have undergone partial remediation.

Browne, Eva [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, 4225 Roosevelt Way Northeast, Suite 100, Seattle, WA 98105-6099 (United States); Kelley, Matthew; Zhou, Guo-Dong; He, Ling Yu; McDonald, Thomas; Wang, Shirley [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843-1266 (United States); Duncan, Bruce [US Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98101 (United States); Meador, James [Ecotoxicology Division, National Marine Fisheries Service, Seattle, WA 98105 (United States); Donnelly, Kirby [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843-1266 (United States); Gallagher, Evan, E-mail: evang3@u.washington.edu [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, 4225 Roosevelt Way Northeast, Suite 100, Seattle, WA 98105-6099 (United States)

2010-10-15

349

In situ biomonitoring of juvenile Chinook salmon (Onchorhynchus tshawytscha) using biomarkers of chemical exposures and effects in a partially remediated urbanized waterway of the Puget Sound, WA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In situ biomonitoring has been used to assess the effects of pollution on aquatic species in heavily polluted waterways. In the current study, we used in situ biomonitoring in conjunction with molecular biomarker analysis to determine the effects of pollutant exposure in salmon caged in the Duwamish waterway, a Pacific Northwest Superfund site that has been subject to remediation. The Duwamish waterway is an important migratory route for Pacific salmon and has received historic inputs of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Juvenile pre-smolt Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) caged for 8 days in the three contaminated sites in close proximity within the Duwamish were analyzed for steady state hepatic mRNA expression of 7 exposure biomarker genes encompassing several gene families and known to be responsive to pollutants, including cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) and CYP2K1, glutathione S-transferase ? class (GST-?), microsomal GST (mGST), glutamylcysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC), UDP-glucuronyltransferase family 1 (UDPGT), and type 2 deiodinase (type 2 DI, or D2). Quantitation of gene expression was accomplished by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in assays developed specifically for Chinook salmon genes. Gill PAH-DNA adducts were assessed as a chemical effects biomarker using 32P-postlabeling. The biomarkers in the field-caged fish were analyzed with respect to caged animals maintained at the hatchery receiving flow-through water. Chemical analysis of sediment samples from three field sampling sites revealed relatively high concentrations of total PAHs in one site (site B2, 6711 ng/g dry weight) and somewhat lower concentrations of PAHs in two adjacent sites (sites B3 and B4, 1482 and 1987 ng/g, respectively). In contrast, waterborne PAHs at all of the sampling sites were relatively low (<1 ng/L). Sediment PCBs at the sites ranged from a low of 421 ng/g at site B3 to 1160 ng/g at site B4, and there were no detectable waterborne PCBs at any of the sites (detection limit=10 ng/L). There were no significant differences (p<0.05) in biomarker gene expression in the Duwamish-caged fish relative to controls, although there was a pattern of gene expression suppression at site B3, the most heavily PAH-enriched site. The lack of a marked perturbation of mRNA biomarkers was consistent with relatively low levels of gill PAH-DNA adduct levels that did not differ among caged reference and field fish, and which were also consistent with relatively low waterborne concentrations of chemicals. The results of our study suggest a low bioavailability of sediment pollutants in caged juvenile Chinook potentially reflecting low waterborne exposures occurring at contaminated sites within the Duwamish waterway that have undergone partial remediation.

2010-10-01

350

Cool stars, stellar systems, and the sun; Proceedings of the 6th Cambridge Workshop, Seattle, WA, Sept. 18-21, 1989  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The present conference on cool stars, stellar systems, and the sun encompasses stellar chromospheres and coronae, binary stars, the stellar evolution of contracting stars and red giants, stellar evolution abundances of the elements, mass loss and envelopes, and stellar pulsation. Specific issues addressed include theories regarding the acoustic and magnetic heating of stellar chromospheres and coronae, stellar granulation, wave heating in magnetic flux tubes, observations of the solar Ca-II lines, longitudinal-transverse magnetic tube waves in the solar atmosphere, radio emission from rapidly rotating cool giant stars, and spot temperatures and area coverages on active dwarf stars. Also addressed are the optical and UV spectra of RS-CVn stars, emission lines from T-Tauri stars, the spectroscopy of HR1614 group stars, red giants in external galaxies, the rotation of evolved stars, the transition from red giant to planetary nebula, and radiative transfer in the dynamic atmospheres of variable stars.

Wallerstein, G.; (Washington, University, Seattle)

1990-01-01

351

Annual Report: 2011-2012 Storm Season Sampling, Non-Dry Dock Stormwater Monitoring for Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Annual PSNS non-dry dock storm water monitoring results for 2011-2012 storm season. Included are a brief description of the sampling procedures, storm event information, laboratory methods and data collection, a results and discussion section, and the conclusions and recommendations.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Rupert, Brian; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhart, Christine

2013-07-03

352

Hanford facility dangerous waste Part A, Form 3 and Part B permit application documentation, Central Waste Complex (WA7890008967)(TSD: TS-2-4)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. The scope of the Unit-Specific Portion is limited to Part B permit application documentation submitted for individual, operating, treatment, storage, and/or disposal units, such as the Central Waste Complex (this document, DOE/RL-91-17). Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needed by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology alpha-numeric section identifiers from the permit application guidance documentation (Ecology 1996) follow, in brackets, the chapter headings and subheadings. A checklist indicating where information is contained in the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation, in relation to the Washington State Department of Ecology guidance, is located in the Contents section. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in the General Information Portion). Wherever appropriate, the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation makes cross-reference to the General Information Portion, rather than duplicating text. Information provided in this Central Waste Complex permit application documentation is current as of May 1998.

Saueressig, D.G.

1998-05-20

353

Waste-fueled power generation. High total efficiency (nearly 30%) of Takahama power plant in Gunma prefecture; Haikibutsu hatsuden. Gunma Takahama hatsudensho no sogo koritsu wa 30%  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper outlines waste-fueled power generation (WPG). Most of the present WPG plants are as low as 10-15% in efficiency because of low steam temperature below 300{degree}C to avoid high-temperature corrosion. Tobu waste incineration plant of Saitama prefecture achieved an efficiency as high as 21% through corrosion preventive measures of SUS310 system superheater tubes in 1995. Super WPG of 20% in efficiency adopts a combined gas turbine system or reheating system using isolated additional superheater. That of Takahama power plant in Gunma prefecture achieved a high total efficiency of 30%. RDF(refuse-derived fuel) firing power generation uses solid fuel RDF prepared by segregating, crushing and forming wastes. RDF with high calorific value can easily obtain high-temperature steam and high efficiency, and is also easy in handling, transport and storage. RDF is expected for centralized use of a small amount of waste. The USA and European countries put wastes under an obligation to collect as reusable energy. Purchase of waste-firing power is also put under an obligation in many countries. WPG reaches 2,500,000kW in the USA. 2 figs., 4 tabs.?

NONE

1996-09-01

354

Health assessment for McChord Air Force Base, Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, Region 10. CERCLIS No. WA8570024200. Preliminary report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The McChord Air Force Base site is on the National Priorities List. A washrack operation used organic solvents to clean airplanes and airplane parts. The environmental contamination on-site consists of benzene (9 ppb), methylene chloride (3011 ppb), toluene (670 ppb), trans-1,2-dichloroethylene (3 ppb), chloroform (7 ppb), trichloroethylene (47 ppb), 4-methyl-2-pentanone (49 ppb), aldrin (65 ppb), DDT (8 ppb), anthracene (178 ppb), naphthalene (192 ppb), 2-methylnaphthalene (1,7799 ppb), arsenic (632 ppb), chromium (1,096 ppb), copper (251 ppb), lead (19,057 ppb), nickel (233 ppb), selenium (171 ppb), and zinc (299 ppb) in ground water; cadmium (329 ppb), chromium (81 ppb), copper (404 ppb), lead (2,078 ppb), chloroform (4 ppb), 1,1,1-trichloroethane (16 ppb) trichloroethylene (5 ppb), and trans-1,2-dichloroethylene (12 ppb) in stormwater drains leading to surface water bodies; and trichloroethylene (5 ppb) and chloroform (9 ppb) in drinking water wells for the Base. The site is considered to be of potential health concern because of the risk to human health caused by the possibility of exposure to hazardous substances via ground water, surface water, soil, and sediment/leachate.

1989-01-19

355

Physical and chemical mutagenesis of early mutant of indica restorers in ''WA'' (wild abortion) hybrid rice system and genetic analysis of mutants in heterosis utilization  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The four indica restorers in the wild abortion hybrid rice system were treated with physical and chemical mutagens, and the mutation frequency in the M2 generation and the correlation between the heading date of the mutants and other characters were investigated

1991-12-01

356

Annual Report: 2010-2011 Storm Season Sampling For NON-DRY DOCK STORMWATER MONITORING FOR PUGET SOUND NAVAL SHIPYARD, BREMERTON, WA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This interim report summarizes the stormwater monitoring conducted for non-dry dock outfalls in both the confined industrial area and the residential areas of Naval Base Kitsap within the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (referred to as the Shipyard). This includes the collection, analyses, and descriptive statistics for stormwater sampling conducted from November 2010 through April 2011. Seven stormwater basins within the Shipyard were sampled during at least three storm events to characterize non-dry dock stormwater discharges at selected stormwater drains located within the facility. This serves as the Phase I component of the project and Phase II is planned for the 2011-2012 storm season. These data will assist the Navy, USEPA, Ecology and other stakeholders in understanding the nature and condition of stormwater discharges from the Shipyard and inform the permitting process for new outfall discharges. The data from Phase I was compiled with current stormwater data available from the Shipyard, Sinclair/Dyes Inlet watershed, and Puget Sound in order to support technical investigations for the Draft NPDES permit. The permit would require storm event sampling at selected stormwater drains located within the Shipyard. However, the data must be considered on multiple scales to truly understand potential impairments to beneficial uses within Sinclair and Dyes Inlets.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhardt, Christine; Hsu, Larry

2012-09-01

357

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 10): Hanford 300 Area (USDOE), 300-FF-1 and 300-FF-5 operable units, Benton County, WA, July 17, 1996  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The decision document presents the selected final remedial and interim remedial actions for portions of the USDOE Hanford 300 Area, Hanford Site, Benton County, Washington. The ROD addresses actual or threatened releases from the wastes sites in the 300-FF-1 Operable Unit and the groundwater in the 300-FF-5 Operable Unit. The third operable unit (300-FF-2) consists of the remaining waste sites in the 300 Area NPL site and any associated groundwater that is not part of 300-FF-5.

NONE

1996-08-01

358

Superfund record of decision explanation of significant difference for the record of decision (EPA Region 10): Commencement Bay nearshore/tideflats, Tacoma, WA, July 2, 1996  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

EPA issued the Record of Decision (ROD) for the final remediation of the Site in March 1995 (PB95-964604). EPA determined that cleanup actions were necessary because current conditions on the Site posed unacceptable risks over the long-term to future residents, potential workers, and visitors and to the ground water discharging to Commencement Bay.

NONE

1996-09-01

359

Superfund explanation of significant difference for the record of decision (EPA Region 10): Western Processing Company, Inc., Kent, WA, December 11, 1995  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Upon review of the Petition and EPA`s analysis of the Consent Decree and the applicable statutes, EPA has determined that the modifications to the remedy should be processed as an Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD). EPA has also determined that implementation of the alternative remedy does not require setting or waiving any additional performance standards at this time.

NONE

1996-12-01

360

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 10): Naval Air Station Whidbey Island - Ault Field, operable unit 5, areas 1, 52, and 31, Oak Harbor, WA, July 10, 1996  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The decision document presents the final remedial action for Operable Unit (OU) 5, one of four operable units at the Naval Air Station (NAS) Whidbey Island, Ault Field, Superfund site near Oak Harbor, Washington. The decision is based on the Administrative Record for OU 5.

NONE

1996-08-01

 
 
 
 
361

Heat transfer in space systems; Proceedings of the Symposium, AIAA/ASME Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference, Seattle, WA, June 18-20, 1990  

Science.gov (United States)

Theoretical and experimental studies of heat-tranfer in a space environment are discussed in reviews and reports. Topics addressed include a small-scale two-phase thermosiphon to cool high-power electronics, a low-pressure-drop heat exchanger with integral heat pipe, an analysis of the thermal performance of heat-pipe radiators, measurements of temperature and concentration fields in a rectangular heat pipe, and a simplified aerothermal heating method for axisymmetric blunt bodies. Consideration is given to entropy production in a shock wave, bubble-slug transition in a two-phase liquid-gas flow under microgravity, plasma arc welding under normal and zero gravity, the Microgravity Thaw Experiment, the flow of a thin film on stationary and rotating disks, an advanced ceramic fabric body-mounted radiator for Space Station Freedom phase 0 design, and lunar radiators with specular reflectors.

Chan, S. H.; Anderson, E. E.; Simoneau, R. J.; Chan, C. K.; Pepper, D. W.

362

MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO STUDY MIGMATITES: ORIGIN AND TECTONIC HISTORY OF THE NASON RIDGE MIGMATITIC GNEISS, WENATCHEE BLOCK, CASCADES CRYSTALLINE CORE, WA, USA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss of the Cascades Core is a migmatitic unit comprising concordant pelitic schist and gneiss, amphibolite, and tonalite gneiss, and cross cutting tonalite, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite. There are several generations of 'igneous' lithologies (leucosomes = tonalite, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite some of which are concordant; others clearly crosscut the strongly deformed host rocks. The host rocks are interpreted to be Chiwaukum Schist with metasedimentary (pelitic schist and some gneiss and metavolcanic(amphibolites origins. Metamorphic fabric in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss is characterized by preferred orientation of platy minerals (continuous schistosity, compositional layering, mineral lineations (elongate grains and grain aggregates, and non-coaxial deformational features (asymmetric augen, grain offsets,rotated porphyroblasts, etc.. Compositional layering is characterized by quartz-plagioclase lenses and patches (mm to cm scale and by large variations in biotite content. This composite fabric is faulted and folded by mesoscopic structures. The most strongly foliated leucosomes (gneissic tonalites are generally concordant with the regional trend of foliation, while weakly foliated leucosomes (tonalites and pegmatite veins crosscut host rock and tonalite gneisses. Thin melanosome layers (biotiteand amphibole schist are developed locally around quartz - plagioclase lenses and patches. Metamorphism in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss and the nearby Chiwaukum Schist likely peaked after intrusion of the Mt. Stuart Batholith ca. 91-94 Ma. Peak temperatures and pressures for the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss in the Wenatchee Ridge and Pacific Crest areas were 650 - 720 °C and 6 - 9 kbar with a pressure increase of £ 2.0 kbar during metamorphism. Thermodynamic modeling indicates that hydrous partial melting would begin at ca. 660 °C and is relatively pressure independent. Field and petrographic observations, mineral chemistry and thermobarometry, and bulk rock chemistry and thermodynamic modeling of phase equilibria (pseudosections applied to the Nason Ridge 235Migmatitic Gneiss indicate that at least some of the leucosome bodies were derived by local partial melting. The clearly intrusive character and the sharp contacts between some tonalite leucosome bodies and host rock support an externally derived origin for these tonalite melts. However, some of these bodies may have originated from partial melting of the host Chiwaukum Schist and traveled a short distance before crystallization, or have been modified by deformation so as to obscure textural evidence for local derivation. Results are compatible with derivation of leucosome rocks in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss from two non-exclusive processes: partial melting of the host rock and intrusion of externally derived tonalite melts.

Stowell Harold H.

2008-12-01

363

Cogeneration as in today. ; Its current status and future images as seen from legislative aspects. Ima cogeneration wa. ; Hoseimen kara mita genkyo to miraizo  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes the following matters on cogeneration. From the viewpoint of spreading and promoting the use of cogeneration, legislations for electric power business are deregulated one after another as to legal regulations on cogeneration (including publication of guidelines for system linking technique requirements). These circumstances have led to forming environments for easier cogeneration installation, which resulted in noticeable increase in capacities of cogeneration facilities. However, the contents of the system for utility companies to purchase surplus power from cogeneration (inaugurated in April 1992) are not instituted to create practical effects of spreading and promoting the use of cogeneration. The paper further presents an indication of the necessity to promulgate legislations intended to promote introduction of cogeneration as described in reports issued by governmental committees, and requirements presented from gas business operators to deregulate the current regulations on cogeneration (expansion of the scope of specific supply business, and review of the system linking technique requirements). 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Nishiide, N. (Tokyo Gas Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

1992-10-01

364

Thermal power conversion technology: now and the future. ; Time is ripe for explosion. Netsuden henkan gijutsu no genjo to shorai. ; Ima, netsuden wa isshoku sokuhatsu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The thermal power conversion technology is a technology which directly converts the thermal energy to the electric energy. This paper introduces two types of thermal power technologies, i.e., thermoelectric conversion (TEC) and alkali metal thermoelectric conversion (AMTEC). The TEC is characterized by using the solid semiconductor element. The power generation is based on the Zeebeck effect. The engineering research commenced in 1950's. The TEC power generation system is now practically used in the space industry, military use and remote areas. Its advantages are no maintenance, high reliability, long life, quietness, compactness in size, and light weight. However, the power generation cost is still so high that its application is limited to the special fields where the cost is not so important. The AMTEC s a sort of the heat-recovering battery in which the Na[sup +]ion conductive solid electrolyte such as [beta][double prime] alumina. As the expected efficiency is so high as about 35 %, and the power density is as high as 1 W [center dot]cm[sup [minus]2], it draws much attention in these days. 13 figs., 1 tab.

Ota, T.; Tanaka, K. (Electrotechnical Lab., Tsukuba (Japan))

1992-09-05

365

Heat transfer in space systems; Proceedings of the Symposium, AIAA/ASME Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference, Seattle, WA, June 18-20, 1990  

Science.gov (United States)

Theoretical and experimental studies of heat-tranfer in a space environment are discussed in reviews and reports. Topics addressed include a small-scale two-phase thermosiphon to cool high-power electronics, a low-pressure-drop heat exchanger with integral heat pipe, an analysis of the thermal performance of heat-pipe radiators, measurements of temperature and concentration fields in a rectangular heat pipe, and a simplified aerothermal heating method for axisymmetric blunt bodies. Consideration is given to entropy production in a shock wave, bubble-slug transition in a two-phase liquid-gas flow under microgravity, plasma arc welding under normal and zero gravity, the Microgravity Thaw Experiment, the flow of a thin film on stationary and rotating disks, an advanced ceramic fabric body-mounted radiator for Space Station Freedom phase 0 design, and lunar radiators with specular reflectors.

Chan, S. H. (editor); Anderson, E. E. (editor); Simoneau, R. J. (editor); Chan, C. K. (editor); Pepper, D. W. (editor)

1990-01-01

366

Campaign for popularization of the hand-made small size windmills; Tezukuri kogata fusha no fukyu keimo (kaze wa hatashite energy ka)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Ready-made small windmills and hand-made ones now gaining popularity are introduced. Approximately 202 applications of small windmills are known in Japan, those for household purposes involving pumping, lighting, and armature radio, and those in the public sector involving emergency power supply, battery charging, light beacons, power for isolated relay stations and mountain villas, aeration, sewage purification, heating, and monument illumination. Rotor configurations include the propeller/up, Savonius, straight Darrieus, and sail wings. The author introduces two of his own windmills, one a combination of sail wings and straight Darrieus rotors and the other a propeller type 1650mm-diameter three-blade windmill. The former has a sail-wing rotor whose starting torque is large enough to drive a Darrieus rotor, which cannot self-start when under load even in the presence of wind, until its circumstantial speed reaches a value approximately three times higher than the wind speed. The latter has two generators of which the self-excited type is usually connected while an exciting current is supplied to the separately-excited type when the wind is strong. 4 refs., 9 figs., 4 tabs.

Matsumoto, F. [Yamaha Corp., Shizuoka (Japan)

1997-05-31

367

Nickel hydrogen (NiH) batteries roll the production back in 1997; 97 nen wa nikkeru suiso (NiH) denchi ga makikaeshi  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The production of lithium ion batteries was only one winner in the field of small secondary batteries in 1996, and grow up to be 4 times of the volume in last year, on the other hand, production of NiCd batteries and NiH batteries decreased compared with last year. But circumstances changed in 1997, and the needs of NiCd batteries increased suddenly for portable telephones overseas, and the sum of production from April to July grew 80% in the volume and 20% in the amount of money comparing the same term of last year. Matsushita battery industry Co., Ltd., the top producer of batteries, starts to sell NiH batteries named Super 350 of which the volume energy density is 350 WHr per 1 liter of the top class in the trade, and the said company takes aim to replace by starting to sell batteries named HHR 45 A of which the capacity is 4500 m WHr, and of which the size is the same as a lithium ion battery. They said proudly that NiH batteries had a great merit of price being half that of lithium batteries if it would be on the upgrade of the performance. (translated by NEDO)

NONE

1999-06-01

368

Statistical Distribution of Leucocratic Melts in the Swakane Terrane, North Cascades Crystalline Core, WA: Implications for Melt Transport and Collection in Deep Crust  

Science.gov (United States)

It has been proposed that melt collection and transport in the crust is controlled by low stress pathways influenced by anisotropy, including foliation or bedding, and/or by active deformation represented by local or regional folding, shearing, and boudinage. We examine this idea in the Swakane quartz biotite gneiss (SBG), Cascades core, Washington. The SBG is the deepest exposed section in this Cretaceous to Paleogene magmatic arc. Published pressures of 10-12 kbar in the SBG, indicate that > 40 km of exhumation have occurred since peak metamorphism (Valley et al., 2000). The SBG displays a strong, pervasive foliation, both regional and local folding, and pervasive shearing. A conjugate set of ~68 Ma leucocratic intrusions in the SBG are composed of quartz + plagioclase + muscovite + garnet + biotite. They have large length to width aspect ratios, in many cases are less than 15 cm thick, and because of their composition and shapes are interpreted to be locally derived and locally transported melts of the SBG. During melt transport and collection, the entire unit was undergoing exhumation by SW-NE contraction, and arc-oblique, top-to-the-north shear. Preliminary observations indicate that prior to deformation most of the veins in the Columbia River area formed a conjugate set with the dominant set of veins parallel to foliation. However, numerous examples exist where veins maintain a consistent orientation independent of all structures. The acute intersection of these veins indicates that ? 1 is sub-horizontal, and approximately SW-NE, and ? 3 is vertical. Outcrops in Tamarack Creek, which represent a slightly shallower part of the SBG, show a similar pattern of conjugate veins, but here neither set of veins is parallel to foliation. This stress field is consistent with the regional stress field for SW-NE contraction in the NCCC. In both locations, veins injected at an angle to foliation are more deformed suggesting that deformation was still active as intrusion continued. We suggest that the orientation of leucocratic veins in the Swakane was a result of the regional stress field, and relatively independent of all host rock structures.

Boysun, M. A.; Paterson, S. R.

2001-12-01

369

Human race evolving into the space human race. Can human race overcome three walls; Jinrui wa uchujin e shinka wo hazimeta. Koerareruka mittsu no kabe  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Human stepped the space for the first time in the year 1961. `Space human race` is a human tribe which can freely live in the space having no air and water with the help of science and technology. Human race already possesses the seed of science and technology necessary for overcoming the first `wall of science and technology` that should be overcome by human race in order to evolve into space human race. However, environmental destruction of sea, air, forest and so forth has been already started in a global scale. Whether the human race can overcome the second wall `freeze the civilization` that is necessary to overcome in order to evolve into space human race. There is no age without war since the start of human civilization. Whether it is possible to overcome the most difficult barrier, the third wall `not to involve in war`. Human race can not settle in space and can not become space human race by constructing space colony if they continue to fight each other even though they may have high level of science and technology. 6 figs.

Kikuyama, N. [The Human Race Evolving into the Space Human Race, Tokyo (Japan)

1998-05-20

370

Superfund Explanation of Significant Difference for the Record of Decision (EPA Region 10): Hanford (100, 200, 300 and 1100 Areas) (USDOE), Benton County, WA., July 30, 1996.  

Science.gov (United States)

The ROD for the ERDF provides for disposal of remediation waste from CERCLA past-practice units. Because of the similarity of contaminants and waste types, it has become apparent that ERDF disposal is an option that should be available in evaluating clean...

1996-01-01

371

Harmonogram zu?ycia dziennego energii elektrycznej, urz?dzenia elektryczne i ich kategoryzacja ze wzgl?du na wa?no??  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Today, the development of power generation from renewable sources is an effort to maximize the share of total energy consumption. Big source of energy in solar and wind power plants are mostly connected to the distribution network and supply the energy only if it produces (solar power station produced during the day and wind power station produced when is a wind acceptable). For this reason, the energy from these sources are not available for all day and must be taken from other power station...

2011-01-01

372

75 FR 34765 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions  

Science.gov (United States)

...Park and Calvary Cemetery, SE Corner from intersection of Gateway Dr and N Columbia Rd, Grand Forks, 10000424 WASHINGTON Cowlitz County Berwind--Purcell House, 808 Lone Oak Rd, Longview, 10000416 Spokane County Dodd House, 603 S Arthur St,...

2010-06-18

373

A view of the West Hall from the target region  

CERN Document Server

Beams are being lay out. Starting from the left one sees the S1 and E1A/H1A beam lines pointing to Omega magnet, the H1B beam towards WA3 and WA7 experiments, the hyperon beam Y1, the H3 beam (WA9, WA6, Wa5), the S3 beam to BEBC.

1976-01-01

374

78 FR 37498 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes  

Science.gov (United States)

...Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA. For information...Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA 98057-3356...Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA...

2013-06-21

375

50 CFR 226.212 - Critical habitat for 13 Evolutionarily Significant Units (ESUs) of salmon and steelhead...  

Science.gov (United States)

...and Multnomah.(ii) WA âClark, Cowlitz, Klickitat, Lewis, Pacific, Skamania...and Yamhill.(ii) WA âClark, Cowlitz, Pacific, and Wahkiakum. (4) Upper...ii) WA âBenton, Chelan, Clark, Cowlitz, Douglas, Franklin, Grant,...

2010-10-01

376

78 FR 66681 - Draft 2013 Marine Mammal Stock Assessment Reports  

Science.gov (United States)

...Cuvier's beaked whale, CA/OR/WA, and mesoplodont beaked whales, CA/OR/WA. Strategic stocks included: Monk seal, killer whale (Eastern North Pacific Southern Resident), Mesoplodont beaked whales (CA/OR/WA), Cuvier's...

2013-11-06

377

Traditional and Mobile Public Health Alert Communications with Health Care Providers  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective To systematically compare mobile (SMS) and traditional (email, FAX) communication strategies to identify which modality is most effective for communication of health alerts and advisories between public health agencies and health care providers in order to improve emergency preparedness and response. Introduction The effectiveness of emergency preparedness and response systems depends, in part, on the effectiveness of communication between agencies and individuals involved in emergency response, including health care providers who play a significant role in planning, event detection, response and communication with the public. Although much attention has been paid to the importance of communicating clinical data from health care providers to public health agencies for purposes of early event detection and situational awareness (e.g., BioSense) and to the need for alerting health care providers of public health events (e.g., Health Alert Networks), no studies to date have systematically identified the most effective methods of communication between public health agencies and community health care providers for purposes of public health emergency preparedness and response. The REACH (Rapid Emergency Alert Communication in Health) study is a 4-year randomized controlled trial to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of mobile (SMS) and traditional (email, FAX) communication strategies for sending public health messages to health care providers—physicians, pharmacists, nurse practitioners, physician’s assistants and veterinarians. Methods Providers were recruited from three sites (King County, WA; Spokane County, WA; and across the state of Montana; N=845) and randomized to receive time-sensitive public health messages via email, Fax, short message service (SMS) or to a control group that did not receive messages. For one year, alerts based on real events of public health interest were sent quarterly with follow-up telephone interviews conducted 5–10 days after the delivery date. Interviews consisted of approximately six questions that elicited information about message receipt, recall of its content and perceived credibility and trustworthiness of the message and source. In addition, provider access to online alert information and delivery success or failure was collected. Results Frequency of receipt, timeliness, content awareness, perceived credibility and perceived trustworthiness were measured and compared across communication delivery systems. On average 84.0% of participants were contacted in each follow-up survey following all alerts and across all three sites. Primary data analysis was designed to measure differences between the three communication groups using intent-to-treat methods. A set of secondary analyses examined the outcomes excluding providers who could not have received messages (due to incorrect contact information, known technical failures, or because providers could not receive messages by the assigned delivery message—for example, a provider without a Fax number randomized to the Fax group). We will discuss preliminary results of intent-to-treat analyses regarding rate of recall of study alert message content between traditional and mobile communications and perceived trustworthiness and credibility of message and message source by providers. In addition, we will report on frequency of accessing online alert information between traditional and mobile delivery groups. Conclusions There is currently no evidence-based research to guide or improve the practice of public health communication between public health agencies and health care providers before, during and after a public health emergency. Improving this communication via the use of effective media can enhance disease surveillance, which will aid in early detection and enhance case finding and situational awareness for public health emergencies. By systematically evaluating the relative effectiveness of mobile and traditional message delivery systems for emergency preparedness and response communications, th

Revere, Debra; Painter, Ian; Baseman, Janet

2013-01-01

378

Integrated nutrient removal design for very low phosphorus levels.  

Science.gov (United States)

The State of Washington has found that the Spokane River is DO impaired, and is requiring dischargers to reduce phosphorus inputs to the river. Spokane County elected to build a new water recovery facility with a target effluent total phosphorus level of 50 microg/L on a seasonal average basis. Spokane County elected to use a private company to design/build and operate their facility. The very low nutrient requirements, and lack of historical operating information, necessitated an integrated approach to the nutrient removal design while considering the risks and benefits of the various treatment options. The process selection evaluated membrane bioreactors and tertiary membranes for the primary liquids process in combination with chemical and/or biological phosphorus removal. The final process selection included chemically enhanced primary treatment, membrane bioreactor with metal salts, and dewatering liquor treatment with an innovative post aerobic digestion step. PMID:19901479

Johnson, Bruce R; Daigger, Glen T

2009-01-01

379

Wildlife Mitigation and Restoration for Grand Coulee Dam: Blue Creek Project, Phase 1.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report is a recommendation from the Spokane Tribe to the Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC) for partial mitigation for the extensive wildlife and wildlife habitat losses on the Spokane Indian Reservation caused by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam. NPPC`s interim wildlife goal over the next 7 years for the Columbia hydropower system, is to protect, mitigate and enhance approximately 35% basin wide of the lost habitat units. Grand Coulee Dam had the greatest habitat losses of any Dams of the Wildlife Rule.

Merker, Christopher

1993-04-01

380

Japan, a volcanic country (geothermal energy is an unlimited energy). ; Tohoku Electric Power tackling with geothermal development. Kazankoku Nippon chinetsu wa mugen no energy. ; Tohoku denryoku no chinetsu kaihatsu eno torikumi  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes Kakkonda Geothermal Power Station built in Shizukuishi Town, Iwate Prefecture. The power station is operating the facilities at 90% of operation factor since its inauguration in 1978. The power generation is characterized by the geothermal resources of hot water type and the adoption of a closed system to return high-temperature hot water as a measure to handle silica scales. Because of being installed in the National Park, a well base system of indoor condenser and slanted well drilling were adopted to preserve the natural sceneries, and the facilities were installed on a land developed in three steps to reduce area of installation. Selection was made on materials that can withstand corrosion from salt and hydrogen sulfide in the geothermal fluids. Being installed in a remote mountainous area, the facility operation is under remote monitoring and control. Four more power plants including the Kakkonda unit No. 2 are under development, which are scheduled to inaugurate operation in several years. The plants will output a power of 172,000 kW in total when all the four plants are completed. Among them, the Yanaizu Nishiyama area has been decided to be developed for an output of 65,000 kW from its verified spouting amount (640 tons per hour) and assessed geothermal resources. 1 fig., 1 tab.

Morikuni, M. (Tohoku Electric Power Co. Inc., Sendai (Japan))

1992-11-01

 
 
 
 
381

Role of electric charges in ion beam process. Difference between cation and anion; Ion beam process ni okeru denka no yakuwari. Sei ion to fu ion wa do chigauka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The effects of electric charges in the C-ion assisted thin film formation process are examined through theoretical calculation. That is, the C{sup +} causes the growth of diamond single crystals on graphite while the C{sup -} causes the formation of an amorphous carbon thin film. For the calculation, a non-empirical molecular orbital method (Gaussian 94 at UHF/3-21G and MP2/6-31G levels) is used. Since the incidence is not higher than 1eV, the effect of momentum is neglected, and a graphite surface (0001) model is employed which consists of six-membered rings each surrounded by 6 hexagonal rings. The results obtained are outlined below. A covalent bond is produced upon the incidence of the C{sup +} into the surface; van der Waals interaction occurs upon the incidence of the C{sup 0}; and no stable bond is formed upon the incidence of the C{sup -}. The results do not contradict the outcome of experiments. The same is true, though qualitatively, for any site on the surface. When the C{sup +} is adsorbed by the surface, the electric charges are not dissipated but localized, and this stabilizes the covalent bond. When the C{sup +} is at infinity, the {pi} electrons are delocalized and conductive, when the HOMO-LUMO (highest occupied molecular orbital-lowest unfilled molecular orbital) gap is near zero. When the C{sup +} is nearer, the {pi} electrons become localized and non-conductive, and the gap is larger. 6 refs., 13 figs.

Kinouchi, M. [Osaka National Research Institute, Osaka (Japan); Takeuchi, T. [Nara Women`s Univ., Nara (Japan). Faculty of Science

1998-03-25

382

The discovery of an engraving near Mapungubwe that could have been used as an abacus Die ontdekking van ’n voorwerp naby Mapungubwe wat moontlik as 'n abakus gebruik wa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A rock engraving discovered near a Khami settlement near Mapungubwe may contribute to our knowledge about the mathematics of a people well known for their trade relations with people from the Middle East. The feature is described and an interpretation of its possible uses as an abacus and as a map is forwarded.’n Rotsgravure wat naby ’n Khami-nedersetting naby Mapungubwe ontdek is, mag moontlik vir ons ’n aanduiding gee van die wiskundige vermoëns van die Khami-kultuur, wat bekend was vir hulle handelsbetrekkinge met mense van die Midde-Ooste. Die voorwerp word beskryf en ’n interpretasie van die moontlike gebruike daarvan as ’n abakus en ’n kaart word gegee.

J. F. Durand

2004-09-01

383

Secretive production of long-chain fatty acids, triacylglycerols and n-alkane-2-ones by fermentation processes; Hakkoho ni yoru ekitai nenryo no seisan wa kanoka (shishitsu no bunpi seisan)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Secretive production of lipids, which are useful source for engine-driving fuel, by microbial process using carbohydrate biomasses as substrate has been investigated in our laboratory. This review consists of four parts concerning breedings and selection of lipid-secretive microorganisms : (1) breedings of long-chain fatty acid-secretive strains from Candida lipolytica L-1 by a step-wise mutagenesis process, (2) selection of a triacylglycerol (TG)-secretive and accumulative yeast strain Trichosporon sp. SH45Y, (3) breedings of mutants, SH45Y-derivatieves, having potent ability to produce TG secretively from glucose, a typical biomass charbohydrate, and (4) selection of microorganisms which produce liquid-n-alkane in culture medium by utilizing long-chain fatty acids and TG; a strain of Penicillium decumbens can produce liquid alkalis with a yield of approximately 60 % in weight from palm kernel oil, a commercial TG. 10 refs., 7 figs., 7 tabs.

Fukui, S. [University of Fukuyama, Hiroshima (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

1995-10-20

384

'Japanese economy today based on white paper '99' DVD software; 'Nippon keizai wa ima' keizai hakusho no zenbo wo DVD ka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An 'economic white paper '99' was recorded using DVD software. The white paper producers in the Economic Planning Agency as well as Director Taichi Sakaiya interpreted Japanese economy themselves using video. Charts of more than 100 in which the present situation of Japanese economy was analyzed from every angle were collected in the DVD software. The interactive function of DVD enabled you to come and go between about 100-minute video comments and charts and you to understand the deep meaning shown in the charts easily. The present situation of Japanese economy can be easily and deeply understood than a book. Moreover, the whole text data and chart data in the white paper were recorded as a special appendix for a personal computer that mounts a DVD-ROM drive. This enabled the text or chart in the white paper to be easily quoted in planning or proposal. (translated by NEDO)

NONE

2000-03-01

385

Strategic Planning for Open Learning. A Study of Capital Investment and Planning Strategies for Alternative Educational Delivery at Tea Tree Gully College of TAFE (SA) and Joondalup Campus (WA).  

Science.gov (United States)

The planning and development phases of Tea Tree Gully College in South Australia and stage 1 of the design and construction of Joondalup Campus of North Metropolitan College in Western Australia were examined in two detailed case studies. Both are colleges of Technical and Further Education (TAFE). Strategic planning processes emerged as the most…

Goode, T. W.

386

What is the attractive method to utilize energy more effectively. ; Development of a high-efficiency wastes power generation technology. Chumokusareru energy no yuko katsuyoho wa nani ka. ; Kokoritsu haikibutsu hatsuden gijutsu kaihatsu ni tsuite  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper summarizes the progress in the 'high-efficiency wastes power generation technology development' project that started in 1991. The project intends to achieve a steam temperature of 500[degree]C and a generation efficiency of 30%. Matters that have been discussed are as follows: Development of a stoker fired furnace and a fluid bed furnace as combustion furnaces is being tried. For the stoker firing furnace, program analysis is used to discuss optimization of furnace constructions and combustion (discussions on reduction of corrosion, damage-free furnace constructions, and combustion); optimization of primary and secondary air ratios by using a small combustion device; and assuring reliability in evaporation tubes. (Verification tests using carbon steels.) For the fluid bed furnace, development is being carried out on an internal circulation fluid bed furnace (super-heater is disposed in the circulation bed to raise steam temperature), and tests are being given on an external circulation fluid bed furnace. (A super-heater is also installed in a part with mild corrosion environment to raise the temperature.) In order to develop a corrosion resistant super-heater, materials were selected, corrosion environments were investigated, ashes deposited on a super-heater in an actual furnace were analyzed, and ash deposition test assuming depositions at a steam temperature of 500[degree]C and ash analysis were performed. 9 figs., 2 tabs.

Hara, K. (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan))

1994-02-01

387

Evolution from information highway to information infrastructure all over in U. S. A. ; What is goal in NII plan. Hoho highway kara zenbei joho kiban eno tenkai. ; NII koso wa nani wo mezasunoka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes the following matters on the National Information Infrastructure (NII) initiative advocated by the U.S. government. A computer network has been structured for a variety of studies using the ARPA net publicized by the Defense Department as the beginning. Expansion in the Internet has been accelerated availing as a chance the debut of the National Science Foundation (NSF) net in the latter half of the 1980's. With the 'High-performance Computer Bill' submitted to Congress by Senator Goa and others as an origin, the High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) plan (an overall research and development plan for information processing technologies) has been inaugurated in 1991 as a project to provide a technological foundation for the NII. The core of the information utilizing policy of Clinton Administration has transferred from the 'information highway' advocated by Vice-president Goa to the NII. The 'NII-Action Agenda', a specific action plan for the information utilizing policy announced by the governmental organization in 1993 states clearly that the civil sector should play the leading role. 2 tabs.

1994-04-12

388

Survey of the travel of private cars.; Effects of more than private car owned by a family on the car travel distance; Jikayo joyosha no soko jittai chosa.; Joyosha no fukusu hoyu wa soko kyori ni eikyo wo ataeruka  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Of all energy consumption in the transportation sector, that of automobiles is largest, 90%, and that of private cars, especially, reaches 44%. A questionnaire survey is made mainly private purpose to in the Kanto area on private case used for private purpose to clarify their actual travel state, particularly, in the households owning more than one car. In the family owning more than two cars, travel distance per car is longer compared with the family owning one. This is because the travel is mostly for leisure by children of the family. The car travel distance of the family planning to purchase more cars is longer than that of the family not planning. In the family owning more than two cars, leisure time for outgoing is expected to increase in which the car is used. Nationwide demand for private car use gasoline will show a steady annual increase of about 3%. For consideration of energy consumption, it is important to think of travel distance and fuel consumption, and for the first time an analysis is made possible here of the relation between the number of the cars owned by a family and the travel distance which has not been made clear in the surveys so far made. 42 figs., 118 tabs.

NONE

1992-10-20

389

Web Content Management Systems in Higher Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the Web site development practices of Gonzaga University, Spokane, Washington, and the content management systems that allow owners of information to control content while the university controls the look of the Web site. More than 150 content managers assume control of some portion of the Web site. (SLD)

Powel, Wayne; Gill, Chris

2003-01-01

390

Indians of the Northwest.  

Science.gov (United States)

Brief descriptions of the historical and cultural background of the Bannock, Cayuse, Coeur d'Alene, Kutenia, Kalispel, Palouse, Umatilla, Walla Walla, Yakima, Spokane, Klamath, Sanpoil, Nespelem, Colville, Quinault, Quileute, Makahs, Klallam, Lummi, Cowlit, Puyallup, Nisqually, and Nez Perce Indian tribes of the Northwestern United States are…

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.

391

REGION 10 (EXCEPT ALASKA) GROUNDWATER ACTIVITIES MAP  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a map of Washington, Oregon and Idaho, with inset blow ups of the Puget Sound area, Portland, and Spokane. The map shows RCRA treatment, storage, disposal, and incineration sites, CERCLA sites, TRI sites, NPDES majors, and Sole Source Aquifers Streams and county boundarie...

392

Coeur d'Alene Tribe Fisheries Program : Implementation of Fisheries Enhancement Opportunities on the Coeur dAlene Reservation : 2007 Annual Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Historically, the Coeur d'Alene Indian Tribe depended on runs of anadromous salmon and steelhead along the Spokane River and Hangman Creek, as well as resident and adfluvial forms of trout and char in Coeur d'Alene Lake, for survival. Dams constructed in ...

A. Vitale J. A. Firehammer S. A. Hallock

2009-01-01

393

Implementation of Fisheries Enhancement Opportunities on the Coeur d'Alene Reservation (2006 Annual Report).  

Science.gov (United States)

Historically, the Coeur d'Alene Indian Tribe depended on runs of anadromous salmon and steelhead along the Spokane River and Hangman Creek, as well as resident and adfluvial forms of trout and char in Coeur d'Alene Lake, for survival. Dams constructed in ...

A. J. Vitale D. W. Chess J. A. Firehammer R. L. Peters S. A. Hallock

2008-01-01

394

Competency Based Curriculum. Revised Delivery Systems for Culinary Arts Program. Project Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Developed through a grant that enabled faculty members to work together to define goals and set objectives, this curriculum guide contains course objectives for the culinary arts program at Spokane Community College in Washington. Objectives are provided for the following courses: culinary techniques and skill development (two levels),…

Spokane Community Coll., WA.

395

Colleges Wade into Survival Training for Campus Shootings  

Science.gov (United States)

This month a company in Spokane, Washington, plans to release "Shots Fired on Campus," an instructional DVD with strategies for preventing and surviving a gun rampage. About 50 colleges have ordered the video, and its creators expect to sell several hundred more this fall. Since the massacre at Virginia Tech last year, colleges everywhere have…

Hoover, Eric

2008-01-01

396

Vocational Problems and Interventions in Business and Industry: A Taxonomic Review of Recent Studies.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reviews and classifies adult career problems and interventions reported in the vocational literature from 1979 to 1984. Campbell and Cellini's (1981) taxonomy of adult career problems was used to classify reports of vocational problems. The categories presented by Holland, Magoon, and Spokane (1981) were employed to classify…

Donnelly, James P., Jr.; And Others

397

Blue Creek Winter Range: Wildlife Mitigation Project. Final environmental assessment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) proposes to fund that portion of the Washington Wildlife Agreement pertaining to the Blue Creek Winter Range Wildlife Mitigation Project (Project) in a cooperative effort with the Spokane Tribe, Upper Columbia United Tribes, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). If fully implemented, the proposed action would allow the sponsors to protect and enhance 2,631 habitat units of big game winter range and riparian shrub habitat on 2,185 hectares (5,400 acres) of Spokane Tribal trust lands, and to conduct long term wildlife management activities within the Spokane Indian Reservation project area. This Final Environmental Assessment (EA) examines the potential environmental effects of securing land and conducting wildlife habitat enhancement and long term management activities within the boundaries of the Spokane Indian Reservation. Four proposed activities (habitat protection, habitat enhancement, operation and maintenance, and monitoring and evaluation) are analyzed. The proposed action is intended to meet the need for mitigation of wildlife and wildlife habitat adversely affected by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam and its reservoir

1994-01-01

398

Field Tests of Cable Bolts Using Instrumented King Wires.  

Science.gov (United States)

Instrumented cable bolts developed at the Spokane Research Laboratory of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health were used in conjunction with existing ground control to monitor rock mass loads at various field sites (T.G. Soda Ash, Getc...

L. A. Martin R. Pakalnis R. P. Curtin

2005-01-01

399

78 FR 38608 - Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes  

Science.gov (United States)

...Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington. For...Seattle Aircraft Certification Office, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA 98057-3356...Seattle Aircraft Certification Office, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA...

2013-06-27

400

77 FR 70160 - Environmental Impacts Statements; Notice of Availability  

Science.gov (United States)

...Contact: Gary Stern 707-575-6060. EIS No. 20120367, Draft EIS, BPA, WA, I-5 Corridor Reinforcement Project, Cowlitz and Clark Counties, WA, Comment Period Ends: 03/01/ 2013, Contact: Nancy Wittpenn 503-230-3297. EIS No....

2012-11-23

 
 
 
 
401

76 FR 50732 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License  

Science.gov (United States)

...KRBN, Facility ID 170993, BPH-20110627ABP, From BURNEY, CA, To MANTON, CA; SOUTH SOUND BROADCASTING, LLC, Station KOMO-FM, Facility ID 51167, BMPH-20110630AGT, From OAKVILLE, WA, To BELFAIR, WA; SUNNYLANDS BROADCASTING LLC,...

2011-08-16

402

77 FR 75494 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision  

Science.gov (United States)

...Joshua D. Kelly (NC), Shelby M. Kuehler (KS), Lawrence D. Malecha (MN), Glenn C. Medeiros (NC), Jay C. Naccarato (WA), Paul B. Overman (WA), Reginald I. Powell (IL), Jerry M. Puckett (OH), and Emin Toric (GA) from...

2012-12-20

403

40 CFR 61.04 - Address.  

Science.gov (United States)

...(ii) Benton Clean Air Authority (BCAA), 650 George Washington Way, Richland, WA 99352-4289, http://www.bcaa.net/. (iii) Northwest Air Pollution...ORODEQ 5 LRAPA 6WA Ecology 7BCAA 8 NWCAA 9ORCAA 10 PSCAA...

2009-07-01

404

Withaferin A Causes FOXO3a- and Bim-Dependent Apoptosis and Inhibits Growth of Human Breast Cancer Cells In Vivo  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Withaferin A (WA) is derived from the medicinal plant Withania somnifera which has been safely used for centuries in Indian Ayurvedic medicine for treatment of different ailments. We now demonstrate, for the first time, that WA exhibits significant activity against human breast cancer cells in culture and in vivo. The WA treatment decreased viability of MCF-7 (estrogen-responsive) and MDA-MB-231 (estrogen-independent) human breast cancer cells in a concentration-dependent manner. The WA-media...

2008-01-01

405

POT for Beversham  

…CEH Flow derived by WA using crest tapping 101 14/01/1977 00:00 -8888.880 3.85 Protcd. CEH Flow derived by WA using crest tapping 43 02/02/1978 00:00 -8888.880 4.83 Protcd. CEH Flow derived by WA using crest tapping 13 29/12/1978 00:00 -8888.880 6.60 Protcd. CEH Flow derived by WA using crest tapping…

406

Multiplicity and charge distributions and correlations in leptoproduction  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents some results on the multiplicity and charge distributions and correlations for hadrons produced in lepton scattering. The data come from the neutrino experiments WA21, WA25 and WA59, using BEBC, and from the EMC experiment NA9, at the CERN SPS

1988-06-21

407

Application of wavelet analysis to the spectrum of ?' states and ratio Re+e-  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We demonstrate the advantages of the wavelet analysis (WA) for resolving the structures in experimental data on e+e- annihilation into hadron states with quantum numbers of ? meson. The WA yields a useful set of starting conditions for analysis of ?' states with multiresonance unitary Breit-Wigner method. We also apply the WA for the ratio Re+e-. (orig.)

2002-11-01

408

A Wavelet Neural Network Hybrid Model for Monthly Ammonia Forecasting in River Water  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Forecasting water quality is always an effective approach for water environmental management. This study presents a combined Wavelet transform (WA and Artificial Neural Network (ANN model for monthly ammonia nitrogen series prediction in river water. The WA decomposed original time series into different subseries, in which the most significant one was chosen as the training data instead of the original series. Compared to the traditional ANN, the WA-ANN models were found more accurate and reliable. The results of the study indicate that WA could remove the noise of the original datasets and the WA-ANN could help environment decision-maker manage water quality more effective.

Yi Wang

2013-06-01

409

Feasibility of energy recovery for district heating and cooling from the METRO Renton effluent transfer system: Phase one report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Municipality of Metropolitan Seattle (Metro) is constructing an effluent transfer system (ETS) from its Renton treatment plant through Seattle's largest industrial area to Duwamish Head. Preliminary evaluation indicates that heat pumps could produce between 500 and 800 million Btu per hour if all of the Renton plant's current flows were utilized. The market for district heating and coolign near the ETS route was divided into five study areas for purposes of Phase 1 work as follows: Sea-Tac International Airport; Tukwila/Renton; Metro South Base and Vicinity; Pacific Highway/Spokane Street; and Spokane Street/Kingdome. In each of these areas heating and cooling demands were inventoried, and preliminary concepts for district heating and cooling service were prepared and subjected to economic assessment. Initial results are presented.

1985-08-01

410

Pharmacology, efficacy and safety of liraglutide in the management of type 2 diabetes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Joshua J Neumiller1, Travis E Sonnett2, Lindy D Wood1, Stephen M Setter1, R Keith Campbell21Department of Pharmacotherapy, College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, Spokane, Washington; 2Department of Pharmacotherapy, College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USAAbstract: Liraglutide is a glucagon-like peptide-1 analog with pharmacokinetic properties suitable for once-daily administration approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of pa...

Neumiller, Joshua J.; Sonnett, Travis E.; Wood, Lindy D.; et al

2010-01-01

411

Blue Creek Winter Range: Wildlife Mitigation Project  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This preliminary Environmental Assessment examines the potential environmental effects of securing land and conducting wildlife habitat enhancement and long term management activities within the boundaries of the Spokane Indian Reservation. Four proposed activities are analyzed: Habitat protection; Habitat enhancement; Operation and maintenance; and Monitoring and evaluation. The proposed action is intended to meet the need for mitigation of wildlife and wildlife habitat adversely affected by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam and its reservoir

1994-01-01

412

Suite of experiments in beam H3  

CERN Document Server

The H3 beam runs from bottom to top, in the middle of the photo. On its left preparation is going on for WA10 in beam H5, on its right, behind the concrete wall, the S3 beam runs to BEBC. The H3 beam first meets the IKAR target of the experiment WA9 (right, bottom corner) then crosses the polarized hydrogen target of experiment WA6 sitting inside the large green magnet (centre, also visible the yellow support of the recoil chamber telescope). Finally the beam reaches WA11 and the Goliath magnet (under the white passerelle). The WA9 (left) and the WA5/11 (right) huts stand on top of the photo, the WA6 stands at the right, centre. The three experiments were running in alternance.

1977-01-01

413

Can the chemistry save the crisis of the mankind in the twenty-first century? To the gentle chemistry in environment from the ozone layer depletion; Kagaku wa 21 seiki no jinrui no kiki wo sukueruka? Ozonso kahai kara kankyo ni yasashii kagaku e  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The representative result as the global environmental problems caused by chemical substance is the ozone layer depletion of the stratosphere by chlorofluorocarbon (CFC). The regulation of the CFC began in 1989 based on 'Vienna Convention for the Ozone layer protection' (1985) and 'Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer' (1987). Production and consumption of CFC, tetrachloromethane, methylchloroform and halon have already been aborted, and the regulation of HCFC and bromomethane were also began to turn to the abolition. The increase of atmosphere average concentration such as CFC and methylchloroform has already blunted in such the international regulation. The chloride concentration of stratosphere from substance of the ozone layer depletion would reach a peak soon, and was prospected to be reduced after then. It is expected to drop to previous level before the South Pole ozone hole appeared after the middle in the twenty-first century. Finally, the future prospect of the gentle chemistry in the environment is described. (NEDO)

Tominaga, T. [The Univ. of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan)

2000-01-01

414

Resources problems and their countermeasures. ; Problems of resources and wastes / construction by-product recycling that began actions / what is to be done now to leave beautiful environment to the next generation. Shigen mondai to taisaku. ; Shigen mondai to haikibutsu mondai / ugokihajimeta kensetsu fukusanbutsu recycle / jisedai ni utsukushii shizen kankyo wo nokosutame ima watashitachi ga shinakereba naranai koto wa  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Discussions have been given on trends and countermeasures for resources problems from a viewpoint of wastes problems. Recycling is carried out in Japan for industrial wastes and general wastes in their own ways. However, the issue is the year-by-year increase in the quantity of products used. A conception of life cycle assessment has become used recently in environmental assessment of a certain product that its environmental load should be calculated on each of the processes of resources collection, transportation, manufacturing, sales, consumption, recycling, and disposition. The result shall then be totaled to assess the product. Experiences in the construction industry and the wastes disposition industry call for structuring a system of long-distance wastes transportation that utilizes railways and ocean vessels. Societies promoting a regeneration plant project have plans to improve model regeneration plants for construction wastes with joint efforts of construction companies. To leave beautiful environments to the next generation, it is necessary to have an awareness that rivers and roads flowing and going through a region are the properties of the people who live in the region. Environment can be preserved when everybody participates in the environment improving movement. 11 figs., 3 tabs.

Takatsuki, H. (Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan)); Utsunomiya, T. (Mitsui Construction Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)); Tokimatsu, H. (Kumamoto Prefectural Government Office, Kumamoto (Japan))

1994-04-15

415

7 CFR 1755.900 - RUS specification for filled fiber optic cables.  

Science.gov (United States)

...the raw material supplier. (i) Low density, high molecular weight polyethylene...Category 4 or 5, Grade J3. (ii) Low density, high molecular weight ethylene copolymer...or 5, Grade J3. (iii) Linear low density, high molecular weight...

2009-01-01

416

Human Rotavirus Detection by Agglutination of Antibody-Coated Erythrocytes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We sensitized sheep erythrocytes (SRBC) with antibodies against human rotavirus strain Wa (SRBC-antiWa) and antibodies against calf rotavirus strain NCDV (SRBC-antiNCDV). These were readily agglutinated in the presence of homologous antigens, i.e., human rotavirus and calf rotavirus. By the hemagglutination of SRBC-antiWa and SRBC-antiNCDV (reverse passive hemagglutination [RPHA]), titration of rotavirus in extracts from feces of children suffering from diarrhea (61 specimens) was carried out...

Sanekata, Takeshi; Okada, Hidechika

1983-01-01

417

Withaferin A Inhibits the Proteasome Activity in Mesothelioma In Vitro and In Vivo  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The medicinal plant Withania somnifera has been used for over centuries in Indian Ayurvedic Medicine to treat a wide spectrum of disorders. Withaferin A (WA), a bioactive compound that is isolated from this plant, has anti-inflammatory, immuno-modulatory, anti-angiogenic, and anti-cancer properties. Here we investigated malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) suppressive effects of WA and the molecular mechanisms involved. WA inhibited growth of the murine as well as patient-derived MPM cells in...

2012-01-01

418

Withaferin A-Induced Apoptosis in Human Breast Cancer Cells Is Mediated by Reactive Oxygen Species  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Withaferin A (WA), a promising anticancer constituent of Ayurvedic medicinal plant Withania somnifera, inhibits growth of MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 human breast cancer cells in culture and MDA-MB-231 xenografts in vivo in association with apoptosis induction, but the mechanism of cell death is not fully understood. We now demonstrate, for the first time, that WA-induced apoptosis is mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) production due to inhibition of mitochondrial respiration. WA treatment ca...

2011-01-01

419

Withaferin A Suppresses Estrogen Receptor-? Expression in Human Breast Cancer Cells  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We have shown previously that withaferin A (WA), a promising anticancer constituent of Ayurvedic medicine plant Withania somnifera, inhibits growth of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells in culture and MDA-MB-231 xenografts in vivo by causing apoptosis. However, the mechanism of WA-induced apoptosis is not fully understood. The present study was designed to systematically determine the role of tumor suppressor p53 and estrogen receptor-? (ER-?) in proapoptotic response to WA usin...

2011-01-01

420

Mammary cancer chemoprevention by withaferin a is accompanied by in vivo suppression of self-renewal of cancer stem cells.  

Science.gov (United States)

Current dogma favors elimination of therapy-resistant cancer stem cells for chemoprevention of breast cancer. We showed recently that mammary cancer development in a transgenic mouse model (mouse mammary tumor virus-neu; MMTV-neu) was inhibited significantly upon treatment with withaferin A (WA), a steroidal lactone derived from a medicinal plant. Herein, we demonstrate that the mammary cancer prevention by WA is accompanied by in vivo suppression of breast cancer stem cells (bCSC). In vitro mammosphere formation was dose-dependently inhibited by WA treatment in MCF-7 and SUM159 human breast cancer cells. Other markers of bCSC, including aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) activity and CD44(high)/CD24(low)/epithelial-specific antigen-positive (ESA+) fraction, were also decreased significantly in the presence of plasma achievable doses of WA. However, WA exposure resulted in cell line-specific changes in Oct4, SOX-2, and Nanog mRNA expression. WA administration to MMTV-neu mice (0.1 mg/mouse, 3 times/week for 28 weeks) resulted in inhibition of mammosphere number and ALDH1 activity in vivo. Mechanistic studies revealed that although urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor overexpression conferred partial protection against bCSC inhibition by WA, Notch4 was largely dispensable for this response. WA treatment also resulted in sustained (MCF-7) or transient (SUM159) downregulation of Bmi-1 (B-cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus insertion region-1) protein. Ectopic expression of Bmi-1 conferred partial but significant protection against ALDH1 activity inhibition by WA. Interestingly, WA treatment caused induction of Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) and its knockdown augmented bCSC inhibition by WA. In conclusion, this study shows in vivo effectiveness of WA against bCSC. Cancer Prev Res; 7(7); 738-47. ©2014 AACR. PMID:24824039

Kim, Su-Hyeong; Singh, Shivendra V

2014-07-01

 
 
 
 
421

Withaferin A Induces Proteasome Inhibition, Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress, the Heat Shock Response and Acquisition of Thermotolerance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the present study, withaferin A (WA), a steroidal lactone with anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties, inhibited proteasome activity and induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and cytoplasmic HSP accumulation in Xenopus laevis A6 kidney epithelial cells. Proteasomal inhibition by WA was indicated by an accumulation of ubiquitinated protein and a decrease in chymotrypsin-like activity. Additionally, immunoblot analysis revealed that treatment of cells with WA induced the accumulation of HS...

2012-01-01

422

Unified dark energy thermodynamics: varying w and the -1-crossing  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We investigate, in a unified and general way, the thermodynamic properties of dark energy with an arbitrary, varying equation-of-state parameter w(a). We find that all quantities are well defined and regular for every w(a), including at the -1-crossing, with the temperature being negative in the phantom regime (w(a)-1). The density and entropy are always positive while the chemical potential can be arbitrary. At the -1-crossing...

Saridakis, Emmanuel N.; Gonzalez-diaz, Pedro F.; Siguenza, Carmen L.

2009-01-01

423

Foot care education and self management behaviors in diverse veterans with diabetes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Jonathan M Olson1, Molly T Hogan2, Leonard M Pogach3, Mangala Rajan3, Gregory J Raugi4, Gayle E Reiber51University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA; 2Department of Internal Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA; 3Department of Veterans Affairs, New Jersey Healthcare System, Center for Healthcare Knowledge Management, East Orange, NJ, USA; 4Division of Dermatology, VA Puget Sound Healthcare System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA,...

Olson, Jonathan M.; Hogan, Molly T.; Pogach, Leonard M.; Mangala Rajan; Raugi, Gregory J.; Reiber, Gayle E.

2009-01-01

424

Wheel loader round up  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Operator comfort and serviceability remain important features of front-end loaders or wheel loaders. The article reports on features of the latest large loaders from three companies: Caterpillar (the 992G and 994F), Komatsu (the WA800-3, WA900-3 and WA1200-3), and Le Tourneau (the L-950, L-1350, L-1850 and L-2350). 1 tab., 4 photos.

Fiscor, S.

2007-02-15

425

AMAX for Beversham  

…Flow derived by WA using crest tapping 24 1977-78 02/02/1978 00:00 -8888.880 4.83 Protcd. CEH Flow derived by WA using crest tapping 1 1978-79 02/02/1979 00:00 -8888.880 11.90 Protcd. CEH Flow estimation. Data OK. 41 1979-80 06/02/1980 00:00 -8888.880 2.27 Protcd. CEH Flow derived by WA using crest tapping…

426

AcEST: BP911924  

Full Text Available YMU001_000010_G10 575 Adiantum capillus-veneris mRNA. clone: YMU001_000010_G10. BP911924 CL2891C GYDPSYELWAQSVSMSTAELLSMVREGEIARHKMVRCHLRLVVSVARAYENLG MDVADLI 243 G++PS E WA +V ++ +L + +G+ A+ KM+ +LRLVV 70 DPSYELWAQSVSMSTAELLSMVREGEIARHKMVRCHLRLVVSVARAYENLG MDVADLILE 249 DP WA++V + + G A+ KMV+ +LRLVVS+A+ Y N 73 PSYELWAQSVSMSTAELLSMVREGEIARHKMVRCHLRLVVSVARAYENLG MDVADLILEG 252 PS WA +V E + G A+ KMV+ +LRLVVS+A+ Y uery: 88 WAQSVSMSTAELLSMVREGEIARHKMVRCHLRLVVSVARAYENLG MDVADLILEGSKGLL 267 WA+ M+ EL M +G ++ M++ +LRLVVSVA

427

AcEST?Adiantum capillus-veneris EST)?DNA????????????: BP911924  

Full Text Available YMU001_000010_G10 YMU01 Adiantum capillus-veneris mRNA. clone: YMU001_000010_G10. BP911924 proth GYDPSYELWAQSVSMSTAELLSMVREGEIARHKMVRCHLRLVVSVARAYENLG MDVADLI 243 G++PS E WA +V ++ +L + +G+ A+ KM+ +LRLVV 70 DPSYELWAQSVSMSTAELLSMVREGEIARHKMVRCHLRLVVSVARAYENLG MDVADLILE 249 DP WA++V + + G A+ KMV+ +LRLVVS+A+ Y N 73 PSYELWAQSVSMSTAELLSMVREGEIARHKMVRCHLRLVVSVARAYENLG MDVADLILEG 252 PS WA +V E + G A+ KMV+ +LRLVVS+A+ Y uery: 88 WAQSVSMSTAELLSMVREGEIARHKMVRCHLRLVVSVARAYENLG MDVADLILEGSKGLL 267 WA+ M+ EL M +G ++ M++ +LRLVVSVA

428

Uudised : Detsembri tähed ja debüüdid. Uued muusikafilmid / Mare Põldmäe  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Kontsertidest detsembris ? Flying Pickets, B. Hendricks, P. Rozario, Vanemuise Sümfoonikud. Uutest eesti muusikafilmidest "Te Deum" (A. Pärt), "Cyrano de Bergerac" (E. Tamberg) ja "Requiem" (W.A. Mozart)

Põldmäe, Mare, 1955-2002

1999-01-01

429

Withaferin A induces apoptosis and inhibits adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Withaferin A (WA), a highly oxygenated steroidal lactone that is found in the medicinal plant Withania somnifera (also called ashwagandha) has been reported to have anti-tumor, anti-angiogenesis, and pro-apoptotic activity. We investigated the effects of WA on viability, apoptosis and adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Pre- and post-confluent preadipocytes and mature adipocytes were treated with WA (1-25 microM) up to 24 hrs. Viability and apoptosis were measured by CellTiter-Blue Cell Viability Assay and single strand DNA ELISA Assay, respectively. WA decreased viability and induced apoptosis in all stages of cells. Induction of apoptosis by WA in mature adipocytes was mediated by increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation and altered Bax and Bcl2 protein expression. The effect of WA on adipogenesis was examined by AdipoRed Assay after treating with WA (0.1-1 microM) during the differentiation period. WA decreased lipid accumulation in a dose-dependent manner and decreased the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha and adipocyte fatty acid binding protein. The effects on apoptosis and lipid accumulation were also confirmed with Hoechst staining and Oil Red O staining, respectively. These results show that WA acts on adipocytes to reduce cell viability and adipogenesis and also induce apoptosis. PMID:19346589

Park, Hea Jin; Rayalam, Srujana; Della-Fera, Mary Anne; Ambati, Suresh; Yang, Jeong-Yeh; Baile, Clifton A

2008-01-01

430

75 FR 45161 - Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance  

Science.gov (United States)

...Agilent Technologies, Inc., Liberty Lake, WA...... June 2, 2009. Leased Workers from Volt Workforce Solutions, ABM Janitorial Services, etc. 74,229..................... DP/DHL, DHL Information Allentown,...

2010-08-02

431

Western Australia poised for upstream growth  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Western Australia's (WA's) rapidly expanding oil and gas industry is the state's fastest-growing economic sector. The most recent statistics available show that WA's oil and gas output totaled $3.7 billion. Petroleum output represents WA's second-largest export-earner. The state is Australia's top oil-producing region and should account for more than half the nation's liquids output by 2000. New records for oil, gas and condensate production were set in 1996. Approximately 75% of the country's natural gas reserves are in WA. This article examines operator's activities, plus some ancillary firms and endeavors

1997-04-01

432

77 FR 12568 - Fishing Capacity Reduction Program for the Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery  

Science.gov (United States)

...KLAWOCK............. AK 99925 191.......... MANNING EDWARD NJ... 57795 11170 RIDGERIM TRAIL PORT ORCHARD...ERTZBERGER ROCKY L.. 56309 404 BARR RD......... GRAYS RIVER......... WA 98621 204.......... TODD...

2012-03-01

433

Rhizobium rhizoryzae sp. nov., isolated from rice roots.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two strains (J3-AN59(T) and J3-N84) of Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped bacteria were isolated from the roots of fresh rice plants. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity results showed that the similarity between strains J3-AN59(T) and J3-N84 was 100?%. Both strains were phylogenetically related to members of the genus Rhizobium, and they were most closely related to Rhizobium tarimense ACCC 06128(T) (97.43?%). Similarities in the sequences of housekeeping genes between strains J3-AN59(T) and J3-N84 and those of recognized species of the genus Rhizobium were less than 90?%. The polar lipid profiles of both strains were predominantly composed of phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine and an unknown aminophospholipid. The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18?:?1?7c and/or C18?:?1?6c) and C16?:?0. The DNA G+C contents of J3-AN59(T) and J3-N84 were 55.7 and 57.1 mol%, respectively. The DNA-DNA relatedness value between J3-AN59(T) and J3-N84 was 89?%, and strain J3-AN59(T) showed 9?% DNA-DNA relatedness to R. tarimense ACCC 06128(T), the most closely related strain. Based on this evidence, we found that J3-AN59(T) and J3-N84 represent a novel species in the genus Rhizobium and we propose the name Rhizobium rhizoryzae sp. nov. The type strain is J3-AN59(T) (?=?ACCC 05916(T)?=?KCTC 23652(T)). PMID:24449787

Zhang, Xiao-Xia; Tang, Xue; Sheirdil, Rizwan Ali; Sun, Lei; Ma, Xiao-Tong

2014-04-01

434

Mesoscale modeling of wintertime particulate matter episodes in eastern Washington, USA  

Science.gov (United States)

The Spokane, Washington area is classified as a non-attainment area for the 24-h PM 10 standard due to a history of high particulate matter concentrations. A Eulerian regional air quality model (CALMET/CALGRID) has been used to characterize the emission, transport and dispersion of PM 10 and PM 2.5 in Spokane. Observations from a residential site (Rockwood, RW) and an industrial site (Crown Zellerbach, CZ), spanning July 1994-August 1996 were used to evaluate the current emission inventory. Two major tasks were devised to conduct the objectives of this investigation. First, a simple and efficient urban dispersion model (WYNDValley) was used to simulate important episodes characterized by the highest PM 10 and PM 2.5 concentrations. The selected episodes included four days with wet conditions for which no roads would have been emitting and seven days with dry conditions for which roads would emit. In the second step, a single road-emitting event was selected from the previous predicted results for further analysis using the Eulerian regional air quality model to examine the emission inventory. The urban and regional models predicted the observed concentration distributions reasonably well for the source emissions inventoried in Spokane. The mass concentrations of PM 10 were well predicted for the roads emitting case examined by both models indicating that the emission inventory based primarily upon area sources including roads is reasonably well characterized, at least at the RW site. The area sources around CZ are less well characterized, so that the PM 10 concentrations are underpredicted at CZ. The models appear unable to reach an equilibrium mass balance status at the beginning of the simulation, and the urban model seems unable to properly resolve the nocturnal boundary layer.

Villasenor, Rafael; Claiborn, Candis; Lamb, Brian; O'Neill, Susan

435

Columbia River System Operation Review : Final Environmental Impact Statement, Main Report Exhibits.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Volume is a part of the Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Columbia River System. This volume contains technical exhibits of cultural resources and commentary on the (System Operation Review) SOR process. The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation comment is the majority of the material in the volume, in the Consultation Plan, Identification of trust resources; Criteria for the selection of a System Operating Strategy; comment on rights protection and implementation of Federal Trust responsibility; analysis of the draft EIS. Comment by other Native American Tribes and groups is also included: Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation; Kootenai Tribe of Idaho; Spokane Tribe of Indians; Coeur d` Alene tribe.

Columbia River System Operation Review (U.S.)

1995-11-01

436

Columbia River system operation review: Final environmental impact statement. Main report exhibits  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This Volume is a part of the Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Columbia River System. This volume contains technical exhibits of cultural resources and commentary on the (System Operation Review) SOR process. The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation comment is the majority of the material in the volume, in the Consultation Plan, Identification of trust resources; Criteria for the selection of a System Operating Strategy; comment on rights protection and implementation of Federal Trust responsibility; analysis of the draft EIS. Comment by other Native American Tribes and groups is also included: Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation; Kootenai Tribe of Idaho; Spokane Tribe of Indians; Coeur d' Alene tribe

1995-01-01

437

ITT Continental Baking tests electric vans  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

ITT Continental Baking Co., operator of one of the largest truck fleets in the U.S., is studying battery power as an alternative fuel for the future. The company currently has a total of 10 lead battery-powered vans delivering bread and cake products in Sacramento, California, and Spokane, Washington. Through a cost-sharing program with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the company will operate the vehicles through at least June 30, 1985, gathering data on their performance. The joint program began in 1981.

1983-02-01

438

Northwest Arid Lands : an introduction to the Columbia Basin shrub-steppe  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This book explores the rich variety of life in shrub-steppe lands of the Columbia River Basin. It describes, for a non-technical audience, the flora, fauna, and geology of the lower Columbia Basin in and around the Tri-Cities, Washington. Features include color photos and maps of shrub-steppe plants and animals; lists and illustration of common plants, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, fish, and species of conservation concern; tips on places to see wildflowers and wildlife; geological travel logs from the Tri-Cities to Seattle and Spokane; and a comprehensive bibliography and definition of ecological terms.

O' Connor, Georganne P.(BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Wieda, Karen J.(BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

2001-04-15

439

A brief history of graduate medical education in Washington, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Internships and hospital-based medical education preceded by more than 40 years the beginnings of a medical school in Washington State. Just after the turn of the 20th century, a few internships were begun by hospitals in Seattle and Spokane to help with the care of their sicker patients in the tradition of Eastern teaching hospitals. In the 1920s and 1930s, the number of hospitals with internship programs grew steadily as part of a nationwide effort at hospital standardization. Experiences i...

1989-01-01

440

Status Review of Wildlife Mitigation, Columbia Basin Hydroelectric Projects, Washington Facilities (Intrastate) Final Report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report was prepared for BPA in fulfillment of section 1004 (b)(1) of the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act of 1980, to review the status of past, present, and proposed future wildlife planning and mitigation program at existing hydroelectric projects in the Columbia River Basin. The project evaluations will form the basis for determining any needed remedial measures or additional project analysis. Projects addressed are: Merwin Dam; Swift Project; Yale Project; Cowlitz River; Boundary Dam; Box Canyon Dam; Lake Chelan; Condit Project; Enloe Project; Spokane River; Tumwater and Dryden Dam; Yakima; and Naches Project.

Howerton, Jack

1984-11-01