WorldWideScience
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[Infective endocarditis].  

Science.gov (United States)

Colonization of native cardiac valves or polymer implants, e.g. valves, conduits, rings, electrode leads and polymer-associated endocarditis (PIE), by microorganisms, primarily gram-positive bacteria (infective endocarditis), constitutes a severe, prognostically unfavorable disease. Fever and in the majority of cases development of a valve regurgitant murmur are clinical landmark findings. The white blood cell count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are regularly elevated. With a normal CRP level, infective endocarditis is extremely unlikely. Irrespective of body temperature, at least three blood cultures (aerobic and anaerobic) should be taken and if initiation of antimicrobial therapy is urgent, 1 h apart before therapy is initiated. Identification of the pathogen to the species level and testing antimicrobial susceptibility to antibiotics by a quantitative hemodilution test, not with agar diffusion tests, are obligatory. A minimum inhibitory concentration should be administered for antibiotics and usual combinations of antibiotics with an expected synergistic potential. Streptococci, staphylococci and enterococci are the most frequent causative organisms. Immediate initiation of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is mandatory followed by transesophageal echocardiography if imaging quality is poor, involvement of intracardiac implants is possible or TTE is insufficient to establish the diagnosis. An insufficiently long antimicrobial therapy promotes recurrent infections, thus a 4-week treatment is standard, while in special cases (e.g. PIE) treatment for 6 weeks should be the rule. If typical complications of infective endocarditis, such as uncontrolled local infection, systemic thromboembolism, central nervous involvement, development of a severe valve incompetence or mitral kissing vegetation in primary aortic valve endocarditis occur, urgent surgical intervention should be considered. If cardiac implants are involved, early surgical removal followed by a 6-week antimicrobial treatment is the rule. Adequate and timely diagnosis and treatment are the key to improve the overall prognosis. PMID:25822422

Horstkotte, D; Piper, C

2015-04-01

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Shewanella putrefaciens infective endocarditis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Shewanella putrefaciens rarely causes infection in humans. In the last few decades a growing number of cases have been described. The following report outlines the case of a 40-year- old immunocompetent white man with S. putrefaciens infective endocarditis. This is the first known case of infective [...] endocarditis due to an apparently monomicrobial S. putrefaciens infection, and the second known case of S. putrefaciens-related infective endocarditis worldwide.

Jonathan, Constant; Ivan, Chernev; Eric, Gomez.

2014-12-01

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Shewanella putrefaciens infective endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Shewanella putrefaciens rarely causes infection in humans. In the last few decades a growing number of cases have been described. The following report outlines the case of a 40-year-old immunocompetent white man with S. putrefaciens infective endocarditis. This is the first known case of infective endocarditis due to an apparently monomicrobial S. putrefaciens infection, and the second known case of S. putrefaciens-related infective endocarditis worldwide. PMID:24994567

Constant, Jonathan; Chernev, Ivan; Gomez, Eric

2014-01-01

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Hemodynamic changes in infective endocarditis  

OpenAIRE

Hemodynamic disturbances in patients with infective endocarditis (IE) are complex and might be consequences of various pathogenic processes. Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a major contributor of hemodynamic derangements, but since IE is often a septic disease, reversible myocardial dysfunction as well as septic shock might sometimes dominate or represent additional contributing factors of disturbed hemodynamics. The major cause of CHF is malfunction of affected valves. It occurs with an in...

BRUNO BARSIC

2008-01-01

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Neurological complications of infective endocarditis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We reviewed the files of 80 successive patients with native and prosthetic valve endocarditis admitted to Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital. Neurolological complications (NC) occurred in 28 (35%) patients. The valves involved were mitral in 12 (43%), aortic in eight (29%), combined mitral and aortic lesions in six (21%) and others in two (7%). The common causative organisms were Streptococci in 12 (43%), Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermides, both occurring in four (14%). Compared to the 52 infective endocarditis patients with no neurological complications (NNC), the NC occurred more frequently in male patients, those with aortic valve lesion, those with atrial fibrillation, those with delayed therapy and those with causative organisms being Streptococci or Staphylococci. Eleven patients died (39%), 12 (43%) recovered with motor sequelae, six (21%) had seizure disorder and five (18%) had full recovery. The frequency of neurological complications and mortality is comparable to those reported in the literature: however, the frequency was higher in our patients. (author)

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Infective endocarditis at a hospital in Saudi Arabia: epidemiology, bacterial pathogens and outcome  

OpenAIRE

Background and Objective : Data on infective endocarditis prevalence, epidemiology and etiology from Saudi Arabia and the Gulf region are sparse. We undertook this study to describe the pattern and the causative agents of endocarditis at a hospital in Saudi Arabia. Methods : We conducted a retrospective analysis of all reported endocarditis cases at the Dhahran Health Center from January 1995 to December 2008. Results : Of the 83 cases of endocarditis, 54 (65%) were definite endoca...

Al-Tawfiq Jaffar; Sufi Ismail

2009-01-01

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Infective endocarditis: retrospective analysis at the Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza between 2002 and 2007  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: To describe the clinical, epidemiologic and microbiologic characteristics of patients with infective endocarditis (IE. Methods: We perform a retrospective and analytical study. We reviewed the medical records of patients diagnosed with probable or definitive IE according to the modified Duke criteria, hospitalized at the National Hospital A. Loayza between January 2003 and December 2007. We determined the prevalence of IE and the frecuency of diagnostic criteria, clinical, echocardiographic and microbiologic characteristcs, complications, treatment and letality rate of IE. Results: We included 33 cases of IE, of which 18 (54.50% had a definitive diagnosis. The incidence calculated over five years was 0.91 cases per 1 000 hospitalizations. Mean age was 40.1±13.58 years, and 75.5% were males. The average time between symptom onset and was 9.53 weeks. Sixteen (48.48% patients had a history of heart disease, rheumatic fever was the most frequent (37.50%. Heart murmur (93.97%, fever (75.75%, and constitutional symptoms (63.60% were the most common clinical presentation. The aortic valve was the most affected by vegetations (60.60%. In 40.7% of cases a positive blood culture was found, with Streptococo viridans as the most frequently isolated microorganism (54.50%. The lethality rate was 6%. Conclusions: The profile of IE in this study is similar to recents studies in other countries, especially in South America, where rheumatic fever and Streptococo viridans remain as the underlying cardiopathy and most common microorganism, although the new trends.

Carlos Canelo

2009-08-01

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Endocarditis infecciosa activa: 152 casos Active infective endocarditis: 152 cases  

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Full Text Available La endocarditis infecciosa es una enfermedad de baja incidencia que en las últimas décadas mostró modificaciones respecto de su presentación, posibilidad diagnóstica y tratamiento. A pesar de estos avances, la mortalidad hospitalaria sigue siendo muy elevada. Nuestro objetivo fue analizar las características de los pacientes con endocarditis infecciosa activa y su relación con la mortalidad hospitalaria a lo largo de 16 años. Se realizó un registro prospectivo entre 1994 y 2010 de pacientes ingresados con endocarditis. Se analizaron características clínicas, evolución y tratamiento y se registraron los eventos intrahospitalarios. Ingresaron 152 pacientes, 64.5% varones, edad 45 ± 16 años, las causas más frecuentes de cardiopatía de base fueron: congénita 32 (21% y reumática 20 (13.2%. Los motivos de internación fueron síndrome febril 116 (76.3% e insuficiencia cardíaca 61 (40.1%. Se identificó el agente infeccioso en 106 (69.7% de los casos, el más frecuente fue Streptococcus viridans. El ecocardiograma mostró vegetaciones en 123 (80.9% de los pacientes y 88 (57.8% presentaron complicaciones durante su internación, siendo la más frecuente la insuficiencia cardíaca. Se indicó tratamiento quirúrgico en 96 (63.1% de los casos, fundamentalmente por insuficiencia cardíaca en 66. La mortalidad hospitalaria global fue 46 (30.2%. El desarrollo de complicaciones en la internación, la indicación de cirugía y la presencia de insuficiencia cardíaca refractaria al tratamiento fueron predictores independientes de mortalidad hospitalaria, mientras que la presencia de vegetaciones resultó un predictor independiente de mejor supervivencia. La identificación temprana de estos predictores descriptos podría ayudar a mejorar los resultados.Active infective endocarditis (IE is a disease of low incidence that has showed changes in presentation, diagnosis and treatment options during the past decades. Despite these advances, mortality remains very high. Our goal was to analyze the characteristics of patients with active IE and their relationship with in-hospital mortality over 16 years. Between 1994 and 2010 we performed a prospective registry of 152 consecutive patients (64.5% male, age 45 ± 16 years admitted with IE. Clinical characteristics, treatment and inpatient outcomes were analyzed. The most common causes of underlying heart disease were: congenital (21% and rheumatic fever (13.2%. The reasons for hospitalization were fever (76.3% and heart failure (40.1%. The infectious agent was identified in 69.7% of cases, and the most frequent was Streptococcus viridans. The echocardiogram showed vegetations in 80.9% of patients and 57.8% of them presented complications (the most frequent was heart failure during hospitalization. Surgical treatment was indicated in 63.2% of cases, mainly due to heart failure. The overall hospital mortality was 30.2%. The presence of complications, requirement of surgical treatment and refractory heart failure were independent predictors of mortality whereas the single presence of vegetation showed better survival rate. The identification of these predictors could help to improve the outcomes in IE.

Lucía R. Kazelian

2012-04-01

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Endocarditis infecciosa activa: 152 casos / Active infective endocarditis: 152 cases  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La endocarditis infecciosa es una enfermedad de baja incidencia que en las últimas décadas mostró modificaciones respecto de su presentación, posibilidad diagnóstica y tratamiento. A pesar de estos avances, la mortalidad hospitalaria sigue siendo muy elevada. Nuestro objetivo fue analizar las caract [...] erísticas de los pacientes con endocarditis infecciosa activa y su relación con la mortalidad hospitalaria a lo largo de 16 años. Se realizó un registro prospectivo entre 1994 y 2010 de pacientes ingresados con endocarditis. Se analizaron características clínicas, evolución y tratamiento y se registraron los eventos intrahospitalarios. Ingresaron 152 pacientes, 64.5% varones, edad 45 ± 16 años, las causas más frecuentes de cardiopatía de base fueron: congénita 32 (21%) y reumática 20 (13.2%). Los motivos de internación fueron síndrome febril 116 (76.3%) e insuficiencia cardíaca 61 (40.1%). Se identificó el agente infeccioso en 106 (69.7%) de los casos, el más frecuente fue Streptococcus viridans. El ecocardiograma mostró vegetaciones en 123 (80.9%) de los pacientes y 88 (57.8%) presentaron complicaciones durante su internación, siendo la más frecuente la insuficiencia cardíaca. Se indicó tratamiento quirúrgico en 96 (63.1%) de los casos, fundamentalmente por insuficiencia cardíaca en 66. La mortalidad hospitalaria global fue 46 (30.2%). El desarrollo de complicaciones en la internación, la indicación de cirugía y la presencia de insuficiencia cardíaca refractaria al tratamiento fueron predictores independientes de mortalidad hospitalaria, mientras que la presencia de vegetaciones resultó un predictor independiente de mejor supervivencia. La identificación temprana de estos predictores descriptos podría ayudar a mejorar los resultados. Abstract in english Active infective endocarditis (IE) is a disease of low incidence that has showed changes in presentation, diagnosis and treatment options during the past decades. Despite these advances, mortality remains very high. Our goal was to analyze the characteristics of patients with active IE and their rel [...] ationship with in-hospital mortality over 16 years. Between 1994 and 2010 we performed a prospective registry of 152 consecutive patients (64.5% male, age 45 ± 16 years) admitted with IE. Clinical characteristics, treatment and inpatient outcomes were analyzed. The most common causes of underlying heart disease were: congenital (21%) and rheumatic fever (13.2%). The reasons for hospitalization were fever (76.3%) and heart failure (40.1%). The infectious agent was identified in 69.7% of cases, and the most frequent was Streptococcus viridans. The echocardiogram showed vegetations in 80.9% of patients and 57.8% of them presented complications (the most frequent was heart failure) during hospitalization. Surgical treatment was indicated in 63.2% of cases, mainly due to heart failure. The overall hospital mortality was 30.2%. The presence of complications, requirement of surgical treatment and refractory heart failure were independent predictors of mortality whereas the single presence of vegetation showed better survival rate. The identification of these predictors could help to improve the outcomes in IE.

Lucía R., Kazelian; Luis A., Vidal; Roberto, Neme; Juan A., Gagliardi.

2012-04-01

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Infective endocarditis, rheumatoid factor, and anticardiolipin antibodies.  

OpenAIRE

Serum samples from 22 patients with infective endocarditis were analysed for the presence of antibodies to cardiolipin, false positive Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test, and rheumatoid factor in order to determine the prevalence of anticardiolipin antibodies, their level, and to ascertain whether there was any correlation with the presence of rheumatoid factor. Although the latex test was positive in 10/22 (45%) patients, anticardiolipin antibodies, usually of a low level, were...

Asherson, R. A.; Tikly, M.; Staub, H.; Wilmshurst, P. T.; Coltart, D. J.; Khamashta, M.; Hughes, G. R.

1990-01-01

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Infective endocarditis: a consumptive disease among the elderly Infective endocarditis: a consumptive disease among the elderly  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The clinical presentation of infective endocarditis varies according to theetiologic agent and the host. In elderly individuals, infective endocarditis canbe difficult to diagnose and poses a challenge for the physician. The course ofsubacute infective endocarditis is indolent, and the onset of cardiac structurallesion is slow and gradual. In elderly patients, anemia and weight loss areoccasionally the only or the most striking symptoms. In such cases, the clinicalreasoning process leads to a hypothesis of wasting syndrome or neoplasticdisease, especially when there is no fever. We report the case of an elderlypatient who had mitral insufficiency due to degenerative valve disease andpresented with bacterial endocarditis due to Streptococcus mitis. The patientwas not treated, because the diagnosis was not established in a timely manner.It is of note that the patient presented with marked weight loss and no fever.The autopsy revealed impairment of the mitral valve and left atrium due toendocarditis, as well as lung involvement due to chronic inhalation of smokefrom biomass burning, such as that produced by wood-burning stoves.The clinical presentation of infective endocarditis varies according to theetiologic agent and the host. In elderly individuals, infective endocarditis canbe difficult to diagnose and poses a challenge for the physician. The course ofsubacute infective endocarditis is indolent, and the onset of cardiac structurallesion is slow and gradual. In elderly patients, anemia and weight loss areoccasionally the only or the most striking symptoms. In such cases, the clinicalreasoning process leads to a hypothesis of wasting syndrome or neoplasticdisease, especially when there is no fever. We report the case of an elderlypatient who had mitral insufficiency due to degenerative valve disease andpresented with bacterial endocarditis due to Streptococcus mitis. The patientwas not treated, because the diagnosis was not established in a timely manner.It is of note that the patient presented with marked weight loss and no fever.The autopsy revealed impairment of the mitral valve and left atrium due toendocarditis, as well as lung involvement due to chronic inhalation of smokefrom biomass burning, such as that produced by wood-burning stoves.

Vilma Takayasu

2011-12-01

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Infective endocarditis--rare cause of intracerebral haemorrhage.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cerebral haemorrhage occurs rarely in infective endocarditis. Here, we present a case of young female with severe intracerebral haemorrhage. Later, she found to be a case of infective endocarditis with mitral valve prolapse and on investigation blood culture grew S. aureus. PMID:25327044

Sharma, Deepti; Ramraj, Meena; Purohit, Vikas; Mittal, Lalchand

2014-04-01

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Infective endocarditis at a hospital in Saudi Arabia: epidemiology, bacterial pathogens and outcome  

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Full Text Available Background and Objective : Data on infective endocarditis prevalence, epidemiology and etiology from Saudi Arabia and the Gulf region are sparse. We undertook this study to describe the pattern and the causative agents of endocarditis at a hospital in Saudi Arabia. Methods : We conducted a retrospective analysis of all reported endocarditis cases at the Dhahran Health Center from January 1995 to December 2008. Results : Of the 83 cases of endocarditis, 54 (65% were definite endocarditis and the remaining 29 (35% were possible endocarditis based on the Duke criteria. Patients with definite endocarditis included 39 males and 15 females (ratio of 2.6:1 with a mean age (SD of 59.7 (18.2 years. Of the definite endocarditis cases, native valve endocarditis occurred in 44 (81.5% cases of and prosthetic valve endocarditis was observed in 10 (18.5%. The most commonly involved valves were mitral (n=24; 44.4% and aortic (n=20; 39.2%. The most common organisms were S aureus (n=23; 42.6%, Enterococcus faecalis (n=12; 22.2% and viridans streptococci (n=9; 16.7%. Surgical intervention was required in 17 (31.4% cases and the in-hospital mortality rate was 29.4% (n=15. Of all the patients, 3 (5.5% had embolic stroke as a complication. Conclusion : Native valve endocarditis is the predominant type of endocarditis. The patients were older adults and the most common organisms were S aureus, E faecalis and viridans streptococci.

Al-Tawfiq Jaffar

2009-01-01

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A severe infective endocarditis successfully treated with linezolid  

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Full Text Available Despite significant improvements in surgical and medical therapy, prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge and is often associated with a severe prognosis. We report a case of a 59-year-old woman, with  PVE and bacterial endocarditis (Streptococcus bovis successfully treated with linezolid. Linezolid is a bacteriostatic oxazolidinone antibiotic that has been proven to be effective for the treatment of patients with pneumonia, skin and soft tissue infections, and infections due to Gram-positive cocci. Linezolid is not yet recognised as a standard therapy for infective endocarditis, but its use becomes a necessity when infection is due to multidrug-resistant microorganisms.

Graziano Antonio Minafra

2010-03-01

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Infective endocarditis: diagnostic and therapeutic approach in emergency medicine  

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Full Text Available The infective endocarditis is an uncommon disease in the Emergency Department. Anyway, the emergency physician may be in front of the complications of this disease. A case of a patient with fever, laboratory signs of infection and an acute heart failure is described in this article. The final diagnosis was infective endocarditis with vegetations on the aortic valve and severe valvular regurgitation. The definition of infective endocarditis according to the major and minor criteria for the diagnosis is discussed. The echocardiography is central in the diagnosis and management of patients with infective endocarditis in the emergency setting, even if the clinical suspicion is very important. The main available therapeutic options in according to the Internation Guidelines are evaluated. The possible complications are also discussed. Several clinical and echocardiographic features identify patients at high risk for a complicated course or with a need for surgery.

Rita Previati

2007-02-01

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Infective endocarditis in chronic hemodialysis patients: Experience from Morocco  

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Full Text Available Since the 1960s, regular hemodialysis (HD was recognized as a risk factor for the development of infective endocarditis (IE, particularly at vascular access sites. The present report describes our experience at the Etat Major General Agadir, Morocco, of taking care of IE in patients on regular dialysis. A retrospective analysis was made of five cases of IE in patients receiving re-gular HD having arteriovenous fistula as vascular access. They were sent from four private centers and admitted in our formation between January 2004 and March 2009. Infective endocarditis was detected after 34.5 months following initiation of dialysis. The causative organisms included Sta-phylococcus and Enterococcus in two cases each and negative blood culture in one case. A recent history of infection (<3 months of the vascular access was found in three cases. Peripheric embolic phenomena were noted in two cases. A pre-existing heart disease was common and contributed to heart failure. Mortality was frequent due to valvular perforations and congestive heart failure, making the medical treatment alone unsatisfactory. Two patients survived and three of our patients received a prosthetic valve replacement, with a median survival after surgery of 10.3 months/person. The clinical diagnosis of infective endocarditis in regularly dialyzed patients remains difficult, with the presence of vascular calcification as a common risk factor. The vascular catheter infections are the cardinal gateway of pathogenic organisms, which are mainly Staphlococcus. The prognosis is bad and the mortality is significant, whereas medical and surgical treatments are often established in these patients who have many factors of comorbidity.

Montasser Dina

2011-01-01

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Takayasu Arteritis Initially Mimicking Infective Endocarditis  

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Full Text Available

Takayasu’s arteritis (TA is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects large vessels, predominantly the aorta and main branches, leading to vessel wall thickening, fibrosis and stenosis. Cardiac and vascular symptoms are also commonly present at disease onset. In TA with thoracic or abdominal involvement, although murmur can be present as a physical examination finding, the pulse difference may be absent. Here, we mention a case of TA who initially looked like infective endocarditis and had widespread thoracic murmur.

Busra Akin

2011-01-01

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Infective endocarditis caused by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae involving three native valves.  

Science.gov (United States)

Human infection with Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is extremely rare and occupationally related. This paper presents for the first time a case of a 47 year-old male with endocarditis involving three valves simultaneously. PMID:21850630

Tomaszuk-Kazberuk, Anna; Kami?ska, Marta; Sobkowicz, Bo?ena; Hirnle, Tomasz; Prokop, Jolanta; Lewczuk, Anna; Sawicki, Robert; Musia?, W?odzimierz

2011-01-01

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Candida infective endocarditis: an observational cohort study with a focus on therapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Candida infective endocarditis is a rare disease with a high mortality rate. Our understanding of this infection is derived from case series, case reports, and small prospective cohorts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and use of different antifungal treatment regimens for Candida infective endocarditis. This prospective cohort study was based on 70 cases of Candida infective endocarditis from the International Collaboration on Endocarditis (ICE)-Prospective Cohort Study and ICE-Plus databases collected between 2000 and 2010. The majority of infections were acquired nosocomially (67%). Congestive heart failure (24%), prosthetic heart valve (46%), and previous infective endocarditis (26%) were common comorbidities. Overall mortality was high, with 36% mortality in the hospital and 59% at 1 year. On univariate analysis, older age, heart failure at baseline, persistent candidemia, nosocomial acquisition, heart failure as a complication, and intracardiac abscess were associated with higher mortality. Mortality was not affected by use of surgical therapy or choice of antifungal agent. A subgroup analysis was performed on 33 patients for whom specific antifungal therapy information was available. In this subgroup, 11 patients received amphotericin B-based therapy and 14 received echinocandin-based therapy. Despite a higher percentage of older patients and nosocomial infection in the echinocandin group, mortality rates were similar between the two groups. In conclusion, Candida infective endocarditis is associated with a high mortality rate that was not impacted by choice of antifungal therapy or by adjunctive surgical intervention. Additionally, echinocandin therapy was as effective as amphotericin B-based therapy in the small subgroup analysis. PMID:25645855

Arnold, Christopher J; Johnson, Melissa; Bayer, Arnold S; Bradley, Suzanne; Giannitsioti, Efthymia; Miró, José M; Tornos, Pilar; Tattevin, Pierre; Strahilevitz, Jacob; Spelman, Denis; Athan, Eugene; Nacinovich, Francisco; Fortes, Claudio Q; Lamas, Cristiane; Barsic, Bruno; Fernández-Hidalgo, Nuria; Muñoz, Patricia; Chu, Vivian H

2015-04-01

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Sweet's syndrome in a patient with infective endocarditis: a rare clinical entity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sweet's syndrome, also known as acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, has been associated with malignancy, autoimmune disease and collagen vascular disease. The association of infective endocarditis and Sweet's syndrome is rare. The authors report a case of Sweet's syndrome in a patient with infective endocarditis. Infective endocarditis should be excluded in patients of rheumatic heart disease presenting with Sweet's syndrome. Alternatively, Sweet's syndrome should be considered as a differential diagnosis when a patient with infective endocarditis develops skin lesions. PMID:22605716

Nayak, Hemanta K; Vangipuram, Deepak Rajkumar; Kumar, Suresh; Kar, Premashish; Gupta, Ankit; Kapoor, Neha; Sonika, Ujjwal

2012-01-01

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Infective endocarditis presents as isolated splenomegaly  

OpenAIRE

Sub acute left-sided bacterial endocarditis is a serious condition that may be overlooked due to highly variable clinical manifestations. We present the case of a 45-year-old man who presented with complaints of fullness in his abdomen and splenomegaly that referred to the surgery clinic. He underwent diagnostic splenectomy. 3 month after splenectomy endocarditis was diagnosed. We recommend echocardiography in the work up of isolated splenomegaly.

Rohani, Atoosheh; Akbari, Vahid; Homayoon, Kianoosh

2011-01-01

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Endocarditis infecciosa por enterococo: descripción de 12 casos / Enterococcal infective endocarditis: description of 12 cases  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Con el objetivo de identificar a los pacientes diagnosticados en nuestro hospital de endocarditis infecciosa por enterococo se ha realizado un estudio retrospectivo durante un período de 12 años (1994-2005), analizando sus características clínicas y microbiológicas, así como el tratamiento y la evol [...] ución de la enfermedad. Se encontraron 12 casos de endocarditis por enterococo, lo que representó el 6% del total de endocarditis y el 7% de las bacteriemias por enterococo. Se trataba de 8 hombres y 4 mujeres, con edades comprendidas entre los 37 y los 94 años. El microorganismo causante fue E. faecalis en 10 casos y E. faecium en 2 casos. Dos de los E. faecalis eran resistentes a aminoglucósidos. La válvula afectada con mayor frecuencia fue la aórtica, con 9 casos, seguida de la mitral, con 2 y de la tricúspide, 1 caso. En 10 pacientes la endocarditis se instaló sobre una válvula nativa y sólo en 2 casos sobre válvula protésica. Únicamente 5 pacientes tenían antecedentes de enfermedad valvular cardiaca. El tratamiento antimicrobiano más utilizado fue la combinación de ampicilina y gentamicina, que se empleó en 8 pacientes. Cuatro casos fueron tratados con monoterapia; 2 de ellos con ampicilina y 2 con vancomicina. Siete pacientes se complicaron con insuficiencia cardíaca, cinco de los cuales precisaron tratamiento quirúrgico de sustitución valvular aórtica. Los 4 enfermos tratados con monoterapia presentaron complicaciones graves, que provocaron la muerte de 2 pacientes. Abstract in english We have performed a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with infective endocarditis due to Enterococcus in our hospital for a period of 12 years (1994-2005). We review clinical and microbiological aspects, therapy, and outcome. We found 12 cases that were 6 % of total endocarditis, and 7% of e [...] nterococcal bacteremia. Eight cases were male, and 4 were female, aged between 37 and 94 years. The causative organism of endocarditis was E. faecalis in 10 patients and E. faecium in 2. Two E. faecalis were resistant to aminoglycosides. Aortic valve was the most frequently affected with 9 cases, followed by mitral valve (2 cases), and tricuspid valve (1 case). In 10 cases endocarditis affected a native valve, and only in 2 cases a prosthetic valve. Only 5 patients had underlying valve disease. The most frequently used antimicrobial therapy was the combination of ampicillin plus gentamicin (8 patients). Four cases were treated with monotherapy, 2 with ampicillin, and 2 with vancomycin. Seven patients suffered heart failure, and five of them required surgical therapy with aortic valve replacement. All the patients treated with monotherapy had severe complications, that led to death in 2 of them.

P., Martínez Odriozola; J., Muñoz Sánchez; P., Arriola Martínez; E., Lizarralde Palacios; J. M., Santamaría Jáuregui; J., Zuazo Meabe; R., Cisterna Cáncer; F. M. de, La Villa.

2007-11-01

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Early infective endocarditis due to Staphylococcus aureus following dental procedures.  

Science.gov (United States)

Staphylococcus aureus is now the most common cause of infective endocarditis (IE) in many areas of the developed world. Patients with S. aureus IE exhibit different characteristics compared to patients with IE deriving from oth- er organisms [1]. IE in general is a complication of bacteremia following invasive procedures. PMID:25648038

Kasmi, Gentian; Refatllari, Etleva; Dumani, Selman; Refatllari, Ali

2014-01-01

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Surgical management for active infective endocarditis: a single hospital 10 years experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To examine the outcome of surgery for active infective endocarditis (IE) in a cohort of patients. One hundred sixty-four consecutive patients who underwent valve surgery for active IE (diagnosis according to Duke criteria) in Madani Heart Center, Tabriz, Iran from 1996 to 2006 were studied. The mean age of patients was 36.3+-16 years overall: 34.6+-17.5 years for native valve endocarditis and 38.6+-15.2 yrs for prosthetic valve endocarditis (p=0.169). Ninety one (55.5%) patients were men. The infected valve was native in 112 (68.7%) of patients and prosthetic in 52(31.3%). In 61 (37%) patients, no predisposing heart disease was found. The aortic valve was infected in 78 (47.6%), mitral valve in 69 (42.1%), and multiple valves in 17 (10.3%) of patients. Active culture positive endocarditis was present in 81 (49.4%) whereas 83 (50.6%) patients had culture-negative endocarditis. Staphylococcus aureus was the most common isolated microorganism. Ninety patients (54.8%) were in NYHA classes III and IV. Mechanical valves were implanted in 69 patients (42.1%) and bioprostheses in 95 (57.9%), including a homograft in 19 (11.5%). There were 16 (9%) operative deaths, but there was only 1 death in patients that underwent aortic homograft replacement. Reoperation was required in 18 (10.9%) of cases. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, Staphylococcus aureus infection (p=0.008), prosthetic valve endocarditis (p=0.01), paravalvular abscess (p=0.001) and left ventricular ejeabscess (p=0.001) and left ventricular ejection fraction less than 40% (p=0.04) were independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. Surgery for infective endocarditis continues to be challenging and associated with high operative mortality and morbidity. Prosthetic valve endocarditis, impaired ventricular function, paravalvular abscess and Staphylococcus aureus infection adversely affect in-hospital mortality. Also we found that aortic valve replacement with an aortic homograft can be performed with acceptable in hospital mortality and provides satisfactory results. (author)

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Cardiobacterium valvarum infective endocarditis and phenotypic/molecular characterization of 11 Cardiobacterium species strains  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Cardiobacterium valvarum is a newly recognized human pathogen related to infective endocarditis. Cardiobacterium species are, however, only rarely the aetiology of infective endocarditis. An infective endocarditis case is presented and, additionally, phenotypic and phylogenetic comparison of a further 10 collection strains, representing the two species within the genus, was performed. C. valvarum was isolated from the blood and DNA was present in valvular tissue (partial 16S rRNA gene analysis) from a 64-year-old man with infective endocarditis of the mitral valve, rupture of chordae and prolapse of pulmonary valves in addition to a fluttering excrescence. A mechanical mitral valve and neochordae were inserted successfully. Phenotypically, the two species within the genus Cardiobacterium resemble each other greatly. When using the Vitek 2 Neisseria–Haemophilus identification card, the reaction for phenylphosphonate was positive for all Cardiobacterium hominis strains, but negative for all C. valvarum strains,thereby separating the two species. The two species made up two separate clusters by phylogenetic examination using 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis.

Chen, Ming; Kemp, Michael

2011-01-01

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Infective endocarditis in the billowing mitral leaflet syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ten patients with the billowing mitral leaflet syndrome complicated by infective endocarditis are reported. Two patients had a non-ejection systolic click and 8 had both a non-ejection systolic click and a late systolic murmur. These auscultatory features were difficult to detect in 4 instances in that they were intermittent, soft, or brought out only with postural change. Seven patients were unaware of their cardiac lesions. A low grade pyrexia was present in all 10 patients. Four patients presented with clinical features caused by reversible neurological lesions. Blood cultures were positive in all patients, with Staphylococcus albus the infecting organism in 6. Antibiotic therapy was successful with significant mitral regurgitation supervening in only one instance. The importance of the billowing leaflet as a potential site of infective endocarditis is emphasized. It seems that antibiotic prophylaxis is indicated at times of increased risk of infection in subjects with a non-ejection systolic click or a late systolic murmur. PMID:1138736

Lachman, A S; Bramwell-Jones, D M; Lakier, J B; Pocock, W A; Barlow, J B

1975-03-01

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First case of infective endocarditis caused by Helicobacter cinaedi.  

Science.gov (United States)

BackgroundUp to 20% of all infective endocarditis are blood culture-negative and therefore a diagnostic challenge. Here we present the case of an infective endocarditis due to Helicobacter cinaedi finally diagnosed using different molecular methods. This highly fastidious gram-negative spiral rod is increasingly recognized as a human pathogen, above all in immunocompromised patients. So far H. cinaedi has been associated with bacteremia, cellulitis, arthritis and meningitis.Case presentationA 71-year-old man presented with fever and progressive dyspnea for weeks. He was immunocompromised by long-term steroid therapy. As one major and two minor Duke¿s criteria (vegetation, fever and aortic valve stenosis as predisposition) were present, an infective endocarditis was suspected and an empiric therapy with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and gentamicin was established. The persistent severe aortic regurgitation resulted in a valve replacement. Histological evaluation of the aortic valve showed a polypous-ulcerative endocarditis. Gram stain and culture remained negative. Broad-range bacterial PCR targeting the 16S rRNA gene on the biopsy of the aortic valve identified H. cinaedi as the causative agent. The antibiotic therapy was simplified accordingly to ceftriaxone and gentamicin with a recommended duration of 6 weeks. Ten days after valve replacement the patient was discharged. To complete our molecular finding, we sequenced nearly the complete 16S rRNA gene (accession number KF914917) resulting in 99.9% identity with H. cinaedi reference sequences. Based on this result, 2 species-specific PCR tests amplifying part of the ctd gene were established and applied to the valve specimen. The 2 PCRs confirmed H. cinaedi. In addition, we analyzed stool, urine and saliva from the patient using H. cinaedi PCR. The fecal and urine specimen showed a positive signal, saliva was PCR-negative.ConclusionWe identified H. cinaedi as causative agent of a culture-negative endocarditis in an immunocompromised patient using broad-range and specific PCR. In addition to 2 cases from Japan presented on international meetings in 2010 and 2013, our case report shows that H. cinaedi should be recognized as additional causative organism of infective endocarditis. The use of molecular diagnostic techniques proved to be a powerful complement for the detection of blood culture-negative infective endocarditis. PMID:25403102

Bartels, Hanni; Goldenberger, Daniel; Reuthebuch, Oliver; Vosbeck, Juerg; Weisser, Maja; Frei, Reno; Bättig, Veronika

2014-11-18

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Technetium-99m stannous pyrophosphate imaging of experimental infective endocarditis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Technetium-99m stannous pyrophosphate (/sup 99m/Tc-PYP) cardiac scintigraphy was performed in 15 rabbits with experimental Streptococcus sanguis aortic-valve infective endocarditis. The animals were imaged five to seven days after the administration of bacteria, and in each case abnormal accumulation of the tracer was visualized in the region of the aortic valve. Three types of cardiac scintigraphic patterns were demonstrated: focal, multifocal, and extensive, each correlating well with the anatomical extent of the lesion as defined by gross pathology. Tissue distribution studies demonstrated a 30 +- 5.3 (mean +- SEM) fold excess of radionuclide uptake in the infective endocarditis lesion compared with that of normal myocardium. Imaging of excised hearts from four animals showed an excellent correlation with in vivo imaging as well as gross pathology. Five animals with nonbacterial thrombotic aortic valve endocarditis demonstrated similar scintigraphic and tissue distribution results. In contrast, four normal animals failed to demonstrate abnormal /sup 99m/Tc-PYP cardiac scintigrams or tissue uptake. This study demonstrates that /sup 99m/Tc-PYP cardiac scintigraphy is a sensitive technique to detect experimental aortic valve endocarditis

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Endocardite infecciosa em adolescentes. Análise dos fatores de risco de mortalidade intra-hospitalar Infective endocarditis in adolescents. analysis of risk factors for in-hospital mortality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estudar os aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos, terapêuticos e evolutivos da endocardite infecciosa (EI em grupo de pacientes com idade entre 12 e 20 (média de 15,5 anos. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados, retrospectivamente, 33 pacientes consecutivos (14 do sexo masculino e 19 do feminino, admitidos com diagnóstico de EI. RESULTADOS: A mortalidade da EI foi de 42%. A cardiopatia reumática predominou como condição predisponente (63% dos casos, seguida das cardiopatias congênitas (24% e próteses cardíacas (12%. A maioria dos pacientes (78% encontrava-se na admissão em CF III e IV e apresentava mortalidade significativamente maior do que os que se encontravam na CF I e II (p=0,01. Complicações embólicas foram detectadas em 51% e determinaram maior mortalidade (p=0,05. O agente etiológico mais isolado foi o Staphylococcus aureus (em 42% das hemoculturas positivas, seguido do Staphylococcus viridans (em 21%. A análise multivariada mostrou que a contagem global de leucócitos acima de 10.000/mm ³, e a CF referidos na admissão (p=0,01 e p=0,04, e a ocorrência de embolias (p=0,03 eram preditores independentes de mortalidade intra-hospitalar. CONCLUSÃO: A cardiopatia reumática permanece, semelhante à população adulta, como principal fator predisponente da EI nos adolescentes, tendo como principal agente etiológico o S.aureus, semelhante à população pediátrica. A mortalidade é elevada e representam preditores de mortalidade intra-hospitalar a CF na admissão, a ocorrência da fenômenos embólicos e a leucocitose.PURPOSE: To study the epidemiological, clinical, therapeutic and evolutive aspects of endocarditis in a group of patients aging 12 to 20 years-old ( mean 15.5. METHODS: Thirty-three consecutive patients (14 males, 19 females admitted with infective endocarditis were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: Infective endocarditismortality was 42%. Rheumatic heart disease was the predominant underlying condition in 63% of patients. Congenital heart disease (24% and cardiac prosthesis (12% were the other affections involved. The majority of patients (78% were in functional class III and IV, with more deaths than the 22% who were in functional class I and II (p=0.01. Staphylococcus aureus was the most frequently isolated agent (42% of the positive blood cultures, followed by Staphylococcus viridans, 21%. Multivariate analysis identified total leukocyte count above 10,000/mm³ and functional class, both at admission (p=0.01 and p=0.004, respectively, and the occurrence of embolic complications (p=0.03 as independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSION: Rheumatic heart disease remains, as in adults, the main predisposing factor for infective endocarditis in adolescents, and S.aureus is, like in children, the leading agent. Mortality is high and functional class at hospital admission, embolic complications and leukocytosis are independent predictors of in-hospital mortality.

Nádia Barreto Tenório Aoun

1997-12-01

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Infective endocarditis caused by Salmonella enteritidis in a dialysis patient: a case report and literature review  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Infective endocarditis is significantly more common in haemodialysis patients as compared with the general population, the causative pathogen is generally Staphylococcus aureus; there have been no previously reported cases of infective endocarditis caused by a Salmonella species in haemodialysis patients. Case Presentation We report the case of a 68 year-old woman on haemodialysis who developed infective endocarditis as a result of Salmonella enteritidis. Although we treat...

Tamagaki Keiichi; Nishizaki Yuji; Taki Fumika; Furukawa Keiichi; Futatsuyama Miyuki; Tsugawa Yusuke; Kaneshiro Yuki; Komatsu Yasuhiro

2009-01-01

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Successful Treatment of Infective Endocarditis in Four Kidney Transplant Recipients  

OpenAIRE

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious complication in kidney transplantation, leading to graft loss and a high mortality rate. We report 4 successfully managed cases of IE in kidney transplant recipients. Blood culture revealed Enterococcus in 2 patients, group D Streptococcus in 1, and no bacteria in 1. All of the patients were diagnosed based on at least 2 major Duke criteria for diagnosis of IE. Although a mild increase in the serum creatinine level was observed in 3 out of 4 patients, ...

Fatemeh Pour-Reza-Gholi; Farhat Farrokhi; Behzad Einollahi; Eghlim Nemati

2009-01-01

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Contribution of Systematic Serological Testing in Diagnosis of Infective Endocarditis  

OpenAIRE

Despite progress with diagnostic criteria, the type and timing of laboratory tests used to diagnose infective endocarditis (IE) have not been standardized. This is especially true with serological testing. Patients with suspected IE were evaluated by a standard diagnostic protocol. This protocol mandated an evaluation of the patients according to the modified Duke criteria and used a battery of laboratory investigations, including three sets of blood cultures and systematic serological testin...

Raoult, D.; Casalta, J. P.; Richet, H.; Khan, M.; Bernit, E.; Rovery, C.; Branger, S.; Gouriet, F.; Imbert, G.; Bothello, E.; Collart, F.; Habib, G.

2005-01-01

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Sweet’s syndrome in a patient with infective endocarditis: a rare clinical entity  

Science.gov (United States)

Sweet’s syndrome, also known as acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, has been associated with malignancy, autoimmune disease and collagen vascular disease. The association of infective endocarditis and Sweet’s syndrome is rare. The authors report a case of Sweet’s syndrome in a patient with infective endocarditis. Infective endocarditis should be excluded in patients of rheumatic heart disease presenting with Sweet’s syndrome. Alternatively, Sweet’s syndrome should be considered as a differential diagnosis when a patient with infective endocarditis develops skin lesions. PMID:22605716

Nayak, Hemanta K; Vangipuram, Deepak Rajkumar; Kumar, Suresh; Kar, Premashish; Gupta, Ankit; Kapoor, Neha; Sonika, Ujjwal

2012-01-01

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Rothia mucilaginosa prosthetic device infections: a case of prosthetic valve endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rothia mucilaginosa is increasingly recognized as an emerging opportunistic pathogen associated with prosthetic device infections. Infective endocarditis is one of the most common clinical presentations. We report a case of R. mucilaginosa prosthetic valve endocarditis and review the literature of prosthetic device infections caused by this organism. PMID:23467598

Bruminhent, Jackrapong; Tokarczyk, Mindy J; Jungkind, Donald; DeSimone, Joseph A

2013-05-01

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Tratamiento quirúrgico de la endocarditis infecciosa / Surgical treatment of infective endocarditis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: describir las características epidemiológicas y los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico temprano de los pacientes con diagnóstico de endocarditis infecciosa intervenidos en el Departamento de Cirugía Cardiovascular de la Clínica Medellín, Colombia. Métodos: estudio observacional, descrip [...] tivo, retrospectivo, de todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de endocarditis infecciosa tratados mediante cirugía en la Clínica Medellín, entre enero de 2003 y enero de 2010. Resultados: se incluyeron en total 54 pacientes, 37 (68,5%) de ellos de género masculino. La mediana de la edad fue 57,5 años (9 - 76 años). El 77,7% tenía algún factor de riesgo para desarrollar endocarditis infecciosa; entre los más destacados insuficiencia renal crónica (IRC) en hemodiálisis (18,5%) y prótesis valvulares cardiacas (18,5%). El 66,7% de los hemocultivos fue positivo. Staphylococcus aureus fue el principal germen aislado en el 40,7% del total de pacientes. El 81,4% de las válvulas comprometidas eran nativas con predominio de la válvula mitral (44,5%) y el 7,5% presentaba compromiso de dos válvulas. En el 68,5% el motivo de consulta fue falla cardiaca y 35,3% presentaron fenómenos embólicos como manifestación inicial o asociada (cerebral 16,7%, pulmonar 13%, esplénica 5,6%). En el 83,3% de los casos se realizó cirugía temprana; 66% recibieron válvulas mecánicas. La mortalidad total a tres meses fue del 13% (muerte intraoperatoria 3,7%, mortalidad a 30 días, 9%). La mediana en el tiempo de estancia hospitalaria fue de 36 días (7 a 130 días). En este estudio se reporta una mortalidad total que se encuentra en el límite inferior de lo reportado en el mundo. Una de las razones atribuibles a este hallazgo es el manejo quirúrgico temprano que se protocoliza en el servicio. Abstract in english Objective: to describe the epidemiological characteristics and the results of early surgical treatment of patients diagnosed with infectious endocarditis who underwent surgery in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery in the Medellin Clinic, Colombia. Methods: observational, descriptive, retrospec [...] tive study of all the patients diagnosed with infective endocarditis treated by surgery in the Medellin Clinic between January 2003 and January 2010. Results: a total of 54 patients were included. 37 (68.5%) were male. Mean age was 57.5 years (9-76 years). 77.7% had a risk factor for developing infective endocarditis; among the most prominent risk factors were chronic renal failure (CRF), patients on hemodialysis (18.5%) and heart valve prostheses (18.5%). 66.7% of the blood cultures were positive. Staphylococcus aureus was the main germ isolated in 40.7% of patients. 81.4% of the involved valves were native, with mitral valve predominance (44.5%) and 7.5% had involvement of two valves. In 68.5% the reason for the consultation was heart failure and 35.3% had embolic phenomena as the initial manifestation or associated (16.7% cerebral, pulmonary 13%, spleen 5.6%). In 83.3 % of cases early surgery was performed: 66% received mechanical valves. The three-month total mortality was 13% (3.7% intraoperative death, mortality at 30 days 9%). The median length of hospital stay was 36 days (7-130 days). In this study the total mortality reported is at the lower limit of the reported in the world. One of the reasons attributed to this finding is the early surgical management that is the protocol in the service.

Alain, Eusse; Mauricio, Atehortúa; Luis, Vélez; Víctor, Bucheli; Carlos, Dallos; Gerardo, Flores; Ana M, Herrera; Sergio, Franco.

2014-02-01

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Infective Endocarditis in Children Hospitalized During 10 Years in Imam Reza Hospital- Mashhad  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Infective endocarditis is a rare, fatal ,with high morbidity in children, Since infective endocarditis in children was not assessed in our conditions so our study was attempted.   Material and Methods: This cross-sectional  study  include 19 patients less than 18 years old  with endocarditis   were hospitalized in the Department of Pediatric Cardiology( University of Mashhad Medical Sciences) between 1381 to1391.Clinical symptoms, risk factors, underlying  h...

Mottaghi Moghadam, H.; Horri, M.; Elmi, S.; Motevalli Haghi, N.; Erfani Sayyar, R.; Sh Rahmani; Sam Elmi

2014-01-01

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Infective Endocarditis: Identification of Catalase-Negative, Gram-Positive Cocci from Blood Cultures by Partial 16S rRNA Gene Analysis and by Vitek 2 Examination  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Streptococci, enterococci and Streptococcus-like bacteria are frequent etiologic agents of infective endocarditis and correct species identification can be a laboratory challenge. Viridans streptococci (VS) not seldomly cause contamination of blood cultures. Vitek 2 and partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene were applied in order to compare the results of both methods. STRAINS ORIGINATED FROM TWO GROUPS OF PATIENTS: 149 strains from patients with infective endocarditis and 181 strains assessed as blood culture contaminants. Of the 330 strains, based on partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing results, 251 (76%) were VS strains, 10 (3%) were pyogenic streptococcal strains, 54 (16%) were E. faecalis strains and 15 (5%) strains belonged to a group of miscellaneous catalase-negative, Gram-positive cocci. Among VS strains, respectively, 220 (87,6%) and 31 (12,3%) obtained agreeing and non-agreeing identifications with the two methods with respect to allocation to the same VS group. Non-agreeing species identification mostly occurred among strains in the contaminant group, while for endocarditis strains notably fewer disagreeing results were observed.Only 67 of 150 strains in the mitis group strains obtained identical species identifications by the two methods. Most VS strains belonging to the groups of salivarius, anginosus, and mutans obtained agreeing species identifications with the two methods, while this only was the case for 13 of the 21 bovis strains. Pyogenic strains (n=10), Enterococcus faecalis strains (n=54) and a miscellaneous group of catalase-negative, Gram-positive cocci (n=15) seemed well identified by both methods, except that disagreements in identifications in the miscellaneous group of strains occurred for 6 of 15 strains.

Abdul-Redha, Rawaa Jalil; Kemp, Michael

2010-01-01

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Insufficient Living : Experiences of Recovery After Infective Endocarditis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND:: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a traumatic health event, and recovery is often associated with massive physical deconditioning and reduced quality of life. Patients also report reduced cognitive functioning and are at risk of developing anxiety and depression as well as posttraumatic stress disorder. Although studies have found that survivors of IE have impaired physical functioning and mental health, little is known about patient experiences contributing to these findings. OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to describe patient experiences of recovery after IE. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:: Within a phenomenological-hermeneutical framework, a qualitative interview study was conducted that included 6 men and 5 women (aged 29-86 years). Patients were interviewed 3 to 6 months after discharge. Analysis consisted of 3 levels: naive reading, structured analysis, and critical interpretation and discussion. FINDINGS:: The overall concept that emerged was "Insufficient Living." Patients all experienced a life after illness, which was perceived as insufficient. The overall concept can be interpreted in terms of the following 3 themes. The first was "an altered life," where participants described a phase of adaptation to a new life situation, which some perceived as manageable and temporary, whereas others found extremely distressing and prolonged. "Shocking weakness" was experienced physically, cognitively, and emotionally, and although it subsided quickly for a few, most experienced a persisting weakness and felt frustrated about the prolonged recovery phase. In "the road to recovery," support from relatives and healthcare professionals, as well as one's own actions, was emphasized as important in facilitating recovery. CONCLUSIONS:: Recovery after IE is perceived as "Insufficient Living." Patients experience an altered life and shocking weakness, and on the road to recovery, support is needed. Research in follow-up care, supporting patients' ability to cope with potential physical and psycho-emotional consequences of IE, is encouraged as a result of these findings.

Rasmussen, Trine Bernholdt; Zwisler, Ann-Dorthe

2015-01-01

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Endocarditis infecciosa izquierda por Pseudomonas aeruginosa tratada médicamente Left-sided infective endocarditis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa treated medically  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La endocarditis infecciosa por Pseudomonas aeruginosa es una entidad poco frecuente, de difícil diagnóstico y alta mortalidad. Se presenta a continuación el caso de un hombre de 51 años, sin antecedentes de uso de drogas intravenosas ni enfermedad valvular, con antecedentes de colecistectomía en el mes anterior, quien se presentó a urgencias con un cuadro febril asociado a síntomas gastrointestinales, y, posteriormente mostró signos de embolismo a distancia, hemocultivos positivos para P. aeruginosa y desarrollo de múltiples complicaciones propias de la enfermedad.
La presentación clínica de la endocarditis infecciosa es inespecífica, lo cual genera diagnósticos tardíos que impiden la instauración de un tratamiento precoz y eficaz, como el reemplazo valvular, indicado en endocarditis por hongos o por gérmenes como P. aeruginosa. Este caso es fortuito por su resolución solamente con tratamiento médico combinado, con amikacina y meropenem, ya que tuvo varias complicaciones que contraindicaron el manejo quirúrgico.Infective endocarditis due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a rare clinical condition, difficult to diagnose and associated with high mortality. Herein we present a case of a 51 years old male without history of intravenous drug use or valvular disease, with past medical history of cholecystectomy in the previous month, who presented to the emergency department with fever, gastrointestinal symptoms, and subsequent signs of distant embolization, positive blood cultures for P. aeruginosa and development of multiple complications of the disease. The clinical presentation of infective endocarditis is nonspecific, leading to delayed diagnosis, and preventing early and effective treatment. Valvular replacement is indicated in fungal or P. aeruginosa endocarditis. This case is notable because of the resolution with amikacin combined with meropenem, in a patient with several complications that contraindicated surgery.

Alejandro Junca

2010-08-01

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Successful Treatment of Infective Endocarditis in Four Kidney Transplant Recipients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Infective endocarditis (IE is a serious complication in kidney transplantation, leading to graft loss and a high mortality rate. We report 4 successfully managed cases of IE in kidney transplant recipients. Blood culture revealed Enterococcus in 2 patients, group D Streptococcus in 1, and no bacteria in 1. All of the patients were diagnosed based on at least 2 major Duke criteria for diagnosis of IE. Although a mild increase in the serum creatinine level was observed in 3 out of 4 patients, no graft rejection occurred during the follow-up. Early diagnostic and therapeutic intervention, particularly intensive antibiotic therapy and surgical management can preserve the patient and the kidney allograft. Studies on previous recurrent infections and simultaneous diseases such as cytomegalovirus in these patients are warranted.

Fatemeh Pour-Reza-Gholi

2009-04-01

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Infective endocarditis in Turkey: aetiology, clinical features, and analysis of risk factors for mortality in 325 cases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Conclusions: In Turkey, IE occurs in relatively young patients and Brucella spp should always be taken into consideration as a cause of this infection. We should first consider streptococci as the causative agents of IE in young patients, those with CRHD or congenital heart valve disease, and cases of community-acquired IE. Staphylococci should be considered first in the case of pacemaker lead IE, when there are high levels of creatinine, and in cases of healthcare-associated IE. Enterococci could be the most probable causative agent of IE particularly in patients aged >50 years, those on dialysis, those with late prosthetic valve IE, and those with a perivalvular abscess. The early diagnosis and treatment of IE before complications develop is crucial because the mortality rate is high among cases with serious complications. The prevention of bacteraemia with the measures available among chronic haemodialysis patients should be a priority because of the higher mortality rate of subsequent IE among this group of patients.

Serap ?im?ek-Yavuz

2015-01-01

42

[Liver abscess and infective endocarditis cases caused by Ruminococcus productus].  

Science.gov (United States)

The genus Ruminococcus which are anaerobe Gram positive cocci, previously classified as Peptostreptococcus, may colonize the upper respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, vagina and skin of humans and animals. In this report a case of liver abscess and a case of infective endocarditis caused by Ruminoccocus productus, which is very rarely encountered in the clinical practice were presented. The first case was a 32 years old male who was admitted to the hospital in 2002, with the complaints of fever lasting for 20 days and pain while breathing. The abdominal ultrasonography revealed the presence of a liver abscess, and the drainage material from the abscess yielded Ruminococcus productus, identified in BACTEC 9200 (Becton Dickinson, Sparks, Md) anaerobe system. As the isolate was found to be sensitive to penicilin, the empirical gentamicin and ampicillin/sulbactam therapy was continued. The second case was a 25 years old male who was admitted to the hospital in 2005, with the signs of fever lasting for 3-4 months, chills, bone and joint pains. As multiple vegetations were detected in echocardiography, blood cultures were collected and empirical therapy with ceftriaxone and gentamicin was initiated with the preliminary diagnosis of infective endocarditis. Bacteria which were isolated from blood cultures by BACTEC 9200 system have been identified as R. productus. As this strain was also sensitive to penicillin, the empirical therapy was changed to penicilin and gentamicin. These two cases indicated that R. productus should be considered in complicated infections even if it is a rarely isolated species from the clinical samples. PMID:17205698

Sucu, Nurgün; Köksal, Iftihar; Yilmaz, Gürdal; Aydin, Kemalettin; Caylan, Rahmet; Aktoz Boz, Gönülden

2006-10-01

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Prevalence of infective endocarditis in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia: the value of screening with echocardiography  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Staphylococcus aureus infective endocarditis (IE) is a critical medical condition associated with a high morbidity and mortality. In the present study, we prospectively evaluated the importance of screening with echocardiography in an unselected S. aureus bacteraemia (SAB) population.

Rasmussen, Rasmus Vinther; HØst, Ulla

2011-01-01

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Infective Endocarditis Caused by Granulicatella elegans Originating in the Oral Cavity  

OpenAIRE

We studied the pheno- and genotypes of an oral Granulicatella elegans strain in comparison with those of a blood-derived isolate which caused infective endocarditis. The two isolates exhibited identical biochemical characteristics and had the same drug MICs. Their genotypes were indistinguishable, indicating that these were from the same clone. The transmission of G. elegans from the oral cavity thus should be noted as a possible cause of infective endocarditis.

Ohara-nemoto, Yuko; Kishi, Kayo; Satho, Mamoru; Tajika, Shihoko; Sasaki, Minoru; Namioka, Akiko; Kimura, Shigenobu

2005-01-01

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Endovascular intervention for acute stroke due to infective endocarditis: case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

The overall incidence of neurological complications due to infective endocarditis is as high as 40%, with embolic infarcts more common than hemorrhagic strokes. The standard of care for typical strokes does not apply to infective endocarditis because there is a substantial risk of hemorrhage with thrombolysis. In the last decade there have been multiple case reports of intravenous and intraarterial thrombolysis with successful outcomes for acute strokes with related infective endocarditis, but successful endovascular interventions for acute strokes associated with infective endocarditis are rarely reported. To the authors' knowledge, this report is the first case in the literature to use a mechanical retrieval device in successful vegetation retrieval in an infective endocarditis acute stroke. Although an interventional approach for treatment of acute stroke related to infective endocarditis is a promising option, it is controversial and a cautious clinical decision should be made on a case-by-case basis. The authors conclude that this approach can be tested in a case series with matched controls, because this condition is rare and a randomized clinical trial is not a realistic option. PMID:22296678

Dababneh, Haitham; Hedna, V Shushrutha; Ford, Jenna; Taimeh, Ziad; Peters, Keith; Mocco, J; Waters, Michael F

2012-02-01

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[Toll-like receptor 2 R753Q polymorphisms are associated with an increased risk of infective endocarditis].  

Science.gov (United States)

The ability to respond to the ligands of toll-like receptors (TLR) could be affected by single nucleotide polymorphisms in TLR codifying genes. The influence of the polymorphisms TLR2 (R753Q, R677W), TLR4 (D299G, T399I) and CD14 (C-159T) was consecutively studied in 65 patients with infective endocarditis. The control group (n=66) consisted of healthy volunteers. All the polymorphisms were genotyped by means of restriction analysis after their amplification. An association between endocarditis and variants of TLR2 R753Q (P <.001) was observed, but no association with other polymorphisms was found. The TLR2 R753Q co-dominant (odds ratio=13.33), recessive (odds ratio=9.12) and dominant (odds ratio=3.65) genotypes showed a positive association with the infective endocarditis phenotype. The polymorphism TLR2 R753Q was associated with a greater susceptibility towards the development of infective endocarditis. Further studies are required to validate these results and identify other genetic risk factors. PMID:21783307

Bustamante, Juan; Tamayo, Eduardo; Flórez, Santiago; Telleria, Juan J; Bustamante, Elena; López, Javier; San Román, J Alberto; Alvarez, F Javier

2011-11-01

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Infective endocarditis complicated by aortic graft infection and osteomyelitis: case report and review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Elie Zouein,1 Robert Wetz,1 Neville Mobarakai,1 Samer Hassan,1 Iris Tong21Department of Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, New York, NY USA; 2Department of Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USAAbstract: Primary aortic graft infection early after aortic graft insertion is well described in the literature. Here, we present a unique case of late aortic graft infection 5 years after insertion secondary to mitral valve endocarditis, resulting from cellulitis in a patient with severe venous varicosities. A 63-year-old male presented for severe low back pain, constipation, and low-grade fever. An abdominal computed tomography scan with oral and intravenous contrast showed a normal spine and urinary tract. Blood and urine cultures, done at the same time, grew Staphylococcus aureus. A transesophageal echocardiogram confirmed the diagnosis of endocarditis. Subsequently, a gallium scan showed increased uptake in the vertebral bodies, aortic graft, left patella, and left ankle. After 3 months of antibiotic therapy, the patient's low back pain resolved with normalization of his laboratory values. He remained free of infection at a 2-year follow-up. We reviewed the literature concerning the atypical presentation of infective endocarditis, with a focus on distant metastases at initial presentation, such as osteomyelitis and aortic graft infection, as well as the different treatment modalities. This report describes successful medical treatment with intravenous followed by oral antibiotics for an infected endovascular graft without any surgical intervention.Keywords: endocarditis, osteomyelitis, aortic graft infection, septic emboli, endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR

Zouein E

2012-07-01

48

[Surgical treatment of infective endocarditis of the right sections of the heart].  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors present results of surgical treatment of infective endocarditis of the right chambers of the heart in 22 patients subjected to 23 operations. Primary endocarditis was diagnosed in 14 patients, secondary endocarditis in 8 patients. Four patients died. In 12 patients the operations were performed during the active phase of the process. Positive bacterial hemoculture was detected in 11 patients. The operations were performed on the open heart. For correction of valve lesions artificial heart valves were used either with special antimicrobial cuffs ("Silzone") or cuffs impregnated with silver ions ("St. Inda Med.") or treated with a solution of Rifampicin during operation. PMID:12661239

Poliakov, V P; Shorokhov, S E; Bely?, V S; Goriachev, V V; Kaganov, I Iu; Lias, M N; Skuratova, M A; Korytchenko, V I; Suslina, E A; Khokhlunov, S M; Semagin, A P

2002-01-01

49

Endocarditis infecciosa por Streptococcus bovis asociada a instrumentación gastrointestinal / Infective endocarditis caused by Streptococcus bovis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La endocarditis por Streptococcus bovis representa el 10% de los casos de endocarditis bacteriana, siendo frecuente su asociación con enfermedades intestinales y hepáticas. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 36 años con antecedentes de fiebre reumática en la niñez, quien hace un año comenzó con sin [...] tomatología digestiva, para la cual fue sometida a estudios clínicos invasivos como endoscopia y colonoscopia, desarrollando posteriormente una endocarditis con aislamiento microbiológico de Streptococcus bovis. Se detalla la fisiopatología, clínica, diagnóstico y los aspectos terapéuticos de esta entidad. Además se discuten las posibles relaciones de las enfermedades intestinales, las instrumentaciones del tubo digestivo y las hepatopatías con la bacteriemia por Streptococcus bovis biotipo I. Esta asociación sugiere un posible mecanismo de adherencia biotipo-específica que aún no ha sido fehacientemente demostrado. Por último se resalta la conveniencia de someter a exploración digestiva y ecocardiografía a todo paciente con hemocultivos positivos a este tipo de germen. (MÉD.UIS. 2012;25(3):251-8). Abstract in english Endocarditis caused by Streptococcus bovis represents 10% of the cases of bacterial endocarditis and is frequently associated with intestinal and liver diseases. We present the case of a 36-year old female patient with a history of rheumatic fever in childhood. The gastrointestinal symptomatology be [...] gan one year before the bacterial endocarditis. Several invasive clinical investigations as endoscopy and colonoscopy, were performed and subsequently she developed endocarditis. Streptococcus bovis was isolated in microbiological studies. Pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment are detailed. The association between bacteremia from Streptococcus bovis biotype I and intestinal diseases, instrumentation of the digestive tract, and hepatopathy is reviewed. This association suggests a possible mechanism of bacteremia and endocarditis associated with biotype I but this has not been definitely confirmed. We have highlighted the importance of performing echocardiography in all patients with blood cultures positive for Streptococcus bovis who have had invasive studies of the gastrointestinal tract.(MÉD.UIS. 2012;25(3)251-8).

Rafael, Pila Pérez; Victor Adolfo, Holguín Prieto; Ever, Cetina Lozada; Rafael, Pila Peláez; Leandro, Segura Pujal.

2012-12-01

50

Infective endocarditis due to Granulicatella adiacens: a case report and review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Infective endocarditis (IE) caused by nutritionally variant Streptococci (NVS) is associated with high bacteriologic and treatment failure and mortality rates compared to endocarditis caused by other Streptococci. With automated blood culture systems, the rates of NVS-associated IE accounts for 5%-6% cases. We report a case of IE caused by NVS in an elderly female patient with no risk factors. The patient was successfully treated with combination antimicrobial therapy. PMID:24727523

Padmaja, Kanne; Lakshmi, Vemu; Subramanian, Sreevdya; Neeraja, Mamidi; Krishna, Siva Rama; Satish, O Sai

2014-01-01

51

Role of adherence in pathogenesis of Enterococcus faecalis urinary tract infection and endocarditis.  

OpenAIRE

Enterococcus faecalis strains isolated from urinary tract infections (UTIs) and endocarditis were analyzed for their ability to adhere to urinary tract epithelial cells (ECs) and Girardi heart (GH) and human embryonic kidney (HEK) cell cultures. UTI isolates adhered to urinary tract ECs more efficiently than to the cultured cells, at the same time showing the least affinity for GH cells. In contrast, endocarditis isolates adhered to GH cell cultures more readily than to urinary tract ECs. Mor...

Guzma?n, C. A.; Pruzzo, C.; Li Pira, G.; Calegari, L.

1989-01-01

52

Infective endocarditis: incidence and mortality in the North East Thames Region.  

OpenAIRE

A survey of infective endocarditis in the North East Thames Regional Health Authority was carried out over a period of 30 months from 1982 to 1984. The incidence, clinical characteristics, and in-hospital mortality were studied. Important causes of endocarditis were dental treatment, the presence of dental disease, drug abuse, and cytoscopy. The omission or incorrect administration of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with valve disease was noted, but failure of correctly prescribed antibiot...

Skehan, J. D.; Murray, M.; Mills, P. G.

1988-01-01

53

Endocarditis infecciosa actinomicótica de la válvula mitral: Caso de autopsia y revisión de la literatura / Actinomycotic infective endocarditis of the mitral valve: Anatomoclinical case and review of literature  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available La infección actinomicótica del corazón es una enfermedad poco común, especialmente cuando el compromiso endocárdico valvular es primario. Sólo unos pocos casos han sido publicados. Comunicamos un caso de endocarditis primaria por Actinomyces sp de la válvula mitral, diagnosticada en la necropsia de [...] un hombre de 34 años con antecedentes de valvulopatía reumática crónica, que falleció con una endocarditis infecciosa Abstract in english Actinomycotic infections of the heart is an uncommon disease, especially if the infection affects the valvular endocardium as primary focus. Just a few cases have been reported previously. We report a case of primary endocarditis of the mitral valve caused by Actinomyces sp diagnosed at necropsy in [...] a 34 year-old man with history of chronic rheumatic disease presenting as a usual case of infective endocarditis

David, Oddó B; Fernanda, Ayala R.

2007-06-01

54

Infective endocarditis with Abiotrophia defectiva: the first Australian experience.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 40-year old Indigenous woman with a history of mitral valve replacement was admitted to the Royal Darwin Hospital, Northern Territory, for an elective cone biopsy of the cervix. During the admission, she had recurrent fever and joint pain of the left knee. Blood was cultured, and she was treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. Abiotrophia defectiva was identified from the culture, and a transoesophageal echocardiogram revealed endocarditis of the mitral valve prosthesis. A review of the English-language literature suggests that this is the first reported case of Abiotrophia endocarditis in Australia, and the third reported case of prosthetic-valve endocarditis caused by this species worldwide. PMID:18304019

Assche, Anthony F Van; Stephens, Dianne P

2008-03-01

55

Impact of Empirical-Therapy Selection on Outcomes of Intravenous Drug Users with Infective Endocarditis Caused by Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus?  

OpenAIRE

This study compares beta-lactam and vancomycin among intravenous drug users with infective endocarditis caused by methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus. Patients who received vancomycin had higher infection-related mortality, even if they were switched to beta-lactam once culture results became available; this relationship persisted after logistic regression analysis controlling for clinical characteristics.

Lodise, Thomas P.; Mckinnon, Peggy S.; Levine, Donald P.; Rybak, Michael J.

2007-01-01

56

Unusual course of infective endocarditis: acute renal failure progressing to chronic renal failure.  

Science.gov (United States)

Infective endocarditis is an infection of the endocardium that usually involves the valves and adjacent structures. The classical fever of unknown origin presentation represents a minority of infective endocarditis. The presented case was a 21-yearold young lady presenting with acute renal failure and fever to the emergency room. Cardiac auscultation revealed a soft S1 and 4/6 apical holosystolic murmur extended to axilla. Echocardiography showed mobile fresh vegetation under the mitral posterior leaflet. She was diagnosed as having infective endocarditis. Hemodialysis was started with antimicrobial therapy. However, because of the presence of severe mitral regurgitation with left ventricle dilatation and large mobile vegetation, mitral prosthetic mechanical valve replacement was performed. Although treated with antibiotics combined with surgery, renal functions were deteriorated and progressed to chronic renal failure. PMID:16623081

Sevinc, Alper; Davutoglu, Vedat; Barutcu, Irfan; Kocoglu, M. Esra

2006-01-01

57

 Tricuspid Endocarditis and Septic Pulmonary Embolism in an Intravenous Drug User with advanced HIV Infection  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available  Cardiac complications are becoming increasingly important in patients with HIV infection. Right-sided endocarditis are more common in intravenous drug users (IVDU with HIV infection. Some studies have pointed out that the clinical outcome of such patients depends on the affected valve referred to the responsible agent rather than the HIV serostatus. However, severe immunosupression and low CD4 count are associated with increased risk of death. This report presents a case of isolated tricuspid valve endocarditis with advanced HIV infection who was also an IVDU.

Gonul Sengoz

2011-09-01

58

Aortic Valve Replacement for Infective Endocarditis in a Renal Transplant Recipient  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Renal transplant recipients are more prone to developing infections. We report a 37-year old renal transplant recipient who developed infective endocarditis of the aortic valve, heart failure and renal allograft dysfunction. He underwent aortic valve replacement which was followed by improvement in cardiac as well as allograft function.

Masmoudi Sayda

2000-01-01

59

[Cerebellum abscess: first demonstration of undiagnosed infective endocarditis in an adult with corrected transposition arteries].  

Science.gov (United States)

Neurological complications occur in approximately 30% of all patients with infective endocarditis and represent a major factor associated with an increased mortality rate. Third of these complications is represented by cerebral embolism, followed by mycotic aneurysm, meningitis or meningoencephalitis. Brain abscesses are rare; their localization to the cerebellum is exceptional. A case of cerebellum abscess occurring in a 34-year-old patient with non-operated corrected transposition of the great arteries is reported. Occurrence of this abscess was the first demonstration of undiagnosed infective endocarditis. PMID:16271445

Oudghiri, N; Faroudy, M; Mosadik, A; Sbihi, S; Ababou, A; Lazreq, C; Sbihi, A

2006-01-01

60

Infective mitral valve endocarditis after transapical aortic valve implantation  

OpenAIRE

An 80-year old patient underwent a transapical aortic valve implantation. On the 28th postoperative day, the patient developed acute mitral valve endocarditis. Initially, the patient was unsuccessfully treated conservatively. After 71 days, the patient was operated on with mitral valve replacement. In this report, we discuss the potentially growing problem of complications related to transcatheter valve implantation.

Hirnle, Grzegorz; Holzhey, David; Borger, Michael; Mohr, Friedrich-wilhelm

2012-01-01

61

Genome-based approaches to develop epitope-driven subunit vaccines against pathogens of infective endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Infective endocarditis (IE) has emerged as a public health problem due to changes in the etiologic spectrum and due to involvement of resistant bacterial strains with increased virulence. Developing potent vaccine is an important strategy to tackle IE. Complete genome sequences of eight selected pathogens of IE paved the way to design common T-cell driven subunit vaccines. Comparative genomics and subtractive genomic analysis were applied to identify adinosine tri phosphate (ATP)-binding cassette (ABC) transporter ATP-binding protein from Streptococcus mitis (reference organism) as common vaccine target. Reverse vaccinology technique was implemented using computational tools such as ProPred, SYFPEITHI, and Immune epitope database. Twenty-one T-cell epitopes were predicted from ABC transporter ATP-binding protein. Multiple sequence alignment of ABC transporter ATP-binding protein from eight selected IE pathogens was performed to identify six conserved T-cell epitopes. The six selected T-cell epitopes were further evaluated at structure level for HLA-DRB binding through homology modeling and molecular docking analysis using Maestro v9.2. The proposed six T-cell epitopes showed better binding affinity with the selected HLA-DRB alleles. Subsequently, the docking complexes of T-cell epitope and HLA-DRBs were ranked based on XP Gscore. The T-cell epitope (208-LNYITPDVV-216)-HLA-DRB1(?)0101 (1T5?W) complex having the best XP Gscore (-13.25?kcal/mol) was assessed for conformational stability and interaction stability through molecular dynamic simulation for 10?ns using Desmond v3.2. The simulation results revealed that the HLA-DRB-epitope complex was stable throughout the simulation time. Thus, the epitope would be ideal candidate for T-cell driven subunit vaccine design against infective endocarditis. PMID:24404767

Priyadarshini, Vani; Pradhan, Dibyabhaba; Munikumar, Manne; Swargam, Sandeep; Umamaheswari, Amineni; Rajasekhar, D

2014-01-01

62

Un brote epidémico de endocarditis por Pseudomonas aeruginosa secundario a angiografía coronaria / An outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infective endocarditis subsequent to coronary angiography  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Describir un brote de endocarditis por Pseudomonas aeruginosa que afectó a tres pacientes tras habérseles efectuado una coronariografía en el Centro Médico de Cardiología y de Cirugía Cardiovascular (CMC-CCV) de un hospital privado. Métodos: Después de reconocer la aparición de un brote e [...] n un periodo de un mes, este hecho fue comunicado al Departamento de Salud de Antalya, iniciándose una exhaustiva investigación para precisar la más probable causa y/o fuente de las endocarditis nosocomiales. Se extrajo de los registros médicos los datos clínicos de los pacientes y se efectuaron entrevistas a los pacientes o sus familiares. Se extrajo 36 muestras medioambientales de vigilancia en busca de P. aeruginosa de diversos sitios dentro de la unidad de coronariografía. Un team que investigó el brote revisó los procedimientos en uso para la prevención de infecciones en el CMC-CCV. Se estudió la epidemiología de la P. aeruginosa mediante análisis de su fenotipos, incluyendo el perfil de susceptibilidad in vitro a antimicrobianos. Resultados: La auditoria comprobó el quiebre de diversas normas de control de infecciones. Sólo 1/36 de las muestras ambientales arrojó el cultivo de P. aeruginosa, a partir de una solución de medio radio-opaco dentro de una bomba inyectora empleada en las angiografías. Los aislados de P. aeruginosa desde la solución del medio radio-opaco tenían idéntico patrón de susceptibilidad antimicrobiana que las cepas recuperadas de los pacientes. Ambos tipos de muestras eran susceptibles a todos los antimicrobianos con actividad anti-pseudomonas. El brote pudo evitarse si se hubieran instaurado una serie de medidas de control de infecciones. Conclusiones: Este brote enfatiza la importancia de adherir a los estándares y prácticas de control de infecciones para la cateterización cardiaca, así como la necesidad de una estrecha colaboración entre el Comité de Control de Infecciones y el personal involucrado en el procedimiento de coronariografía. Abstract in english Objectives: To describe an endocarditis outbreak affecting three patients due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection post coronary angiography performed in the Cardiovascular Surgery and Cardiology Medical Center of a private hospital. Methods: After recognition of an infection cluster within a onemont [...] h period, the outbreak was reported to Antalya Department of Health and a broad investigation was initiated in order to determine the most probable cause and/or source of nosocomial pseudomonal endocarditis. Patient data were obtained by medical record review as well as interviews with patients or their next of kin. Thirty-six surveillance samples for P. aeruginosa were collected from various locations within the coronary angiography unit. The outbreak research team reviewed the private hospital's Cardiovascular Surgery and Cardiology Medical Center's infection control procedures. The epidemiology of P. aeruginosa was studied through analysis of phenotypic markers, including antimicrobial sensitivity profiles. Results: The infection control audit revealed multiple breaches of infection control procedures. Only 1/36 environmental samples yielded, which was isolated from a radio-opaque solution within an angiography injector pump. P. aeruginosa from the radio-opaque solution had an identical antimicrobial susceptibility pattern to the strain isolated from patients. Both samples were susceptible to all antipseudomonal agents. This outbreak could have been successfully controlled by instituting combined infection control measures. Conclusions: This outbreak emphasizes the important of adherence to infection control standards and practices for cardiac catheterization, as well as the need for closer collaboration between the Infection Control Committee and coronary angiography personnel.

Derya, Seyman; Dilara, Inan; Nevgun, Sepin Ozen; Dilara, Ogunc.

2014-06-01

63

Acute infective endocarditis caused by Delftia acidovorans, a rare pathogen complicating intravenous drug use.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gram-negative bacilli causing infective endocarditis (IE) is rare, even in intravenous drug users. This case report underscores several clinically important aspects of Delftia acidovorans IE: the organism's ability to cause rapid destruction of normal native valves and to cause embolic occlusion of large arteries and its resistance to all aminoglycosides. PMID:22933597

Mahmood, Saima; Taylor, Kent E; Overman, Timothy L; McCormick, Malkanthie I

2012-11-01

64

Percutaneous valvuloplasty for severe bioprosthetic tricuspid valve stenosis in the setting of infective endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bioprosthetic tricuspid valve stenosis as a sequela of infective endocarditis is extremely rare. We describe the case of a 29-year-old male patient with a history of intravenous drug use and two previous bioprosthetic tricuspid valve placements who presented with recurrent endocarditis and severe tricuspid stenosis. He was deemed extremely high risk for redo valve replacement surgery. Intracardiac ultrasound-guided balloon valvuloplasty was performed with good clinical outcome. We believe that interventional treatment of prosthetic valvular stenosis in the setting of endocarditis is a reasonable therapeutic choice when open surgical repair is associated with prohibitively high mortality. This can be performed either as destination therapy or as a bridge to valve replacement. The use of intracardiac ultrasound provided additive information to that obtained by transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:24399759

Reddy, Gautam; Ahmed, Mustafa; Alli, Oluseun

2015-04-01

65

Is there a role for Tc-99m HMPAO leucocyte scintigraphy in patients with infective endocarditis?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: Infective endocarditis is still an important disease in developing countries. Due to the difficult diagnosis, treatment is often delayed or inappropriate. A combination of clinical findings and echocardiography are used most often, but have a low sensitivity. As Tc-99m HMPAO labelled leucocyte scintigraphy is used routinely to evaluate patients with suspected infectious processes, it was postulated that this technique may also aid in the diagnosis of acute infective endocarditis in patients with rheumatic heart disease. Materials and Methods: Six patients who presented with clinical signs and symptoms of infective endocarditis, were referred for Tc-99m HMPAO labelled leucocyte scintigraphy. The white blood cells were labelled according to standard procedures. Whole body planar imaging, and single photon emission tomography of the chest area, with imaging at 30 minutes, 3 hours and 24 hours after the administration of the labelled leucocytes, were performed on all patients. Results: All the scintigrams were negative. No abnormal concentration of leucocytes could be detected in the region of the heart. This was in spite of clinical findings indicative of active infective endocarditis. Conclusion: Vegetations mainly consist of masses of clotted blood and blood cell debris, containing the causative organisms. Leucocytes do not play a major role in the pathologic process. Although only six patients were studied, it appears that Tc-99m HMPAO leucocyte scintigraphy is ot Tc-99m HMPAO leucocyte scintigraphy is of no value in the evaluation of patients with infective endocarditis. A study after the administration of radiolabelled antibiotics may be of greater value and should be considered in these patients

66

Cardiobacterium valvarum infective endocarditis and phenotypic/molecular characterization of 11 Cardiobacterium species strains  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Cardiobacterium valvarum is a newly recognized human pathogen related to infective endocarditis. Cardiobacterium species are, however, only rarely the aetiology of infective endocarditis. An infective endocarditis case is presented and, additionally, phenotypic and phylogenetic comparison of a further 10 collection strains, representing the two species within the genus, was performed. C. valvarum was isolated from the blood and DNA was present in valvular tissue (partial 16S rRNA gene analysis) from a 64-year-old man with infective endocarditis of the mitral valve, rupture of chordae and prolapse of pulmonary valves in addition to a fluttering excrescence. A mechanical mitral valve and neochordae were inserted successfully. Phenotypically, the two species within the genus Cardiobacterium resemble each other greatly. When using the Vitek 2 Neisseria-Haemophilus identification card, the reaction for phenylphosphonate was positive for all Cardiobacterium hominis strains, but negative for all C. valvarum strains,thereby separating the two species. The two species made up two separate clusters by phylogenetic examination using 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis.

Chen, Ming; Kemp, Michael

2011-01-01

67

Comparison of a Rabbit Model of Bacterial Endocarditis and an In Vitro Infection Model with Simulated Endocardial Vegetations  

OpenAIRE

Animal models are commonly used to determine the efficacy of various antimicrobial agents for treatment of bacterial endocarditis. Previously we have utilized an in vitro infection model, which incorporates simulated endocardial vegetations (SEVs) to evaluate the pharmacodynamics of various antibiotics. In the present study, we compared four experimental rabbit endocarditis protocols to an in vitro infection model in an effort to determine if these models are comparable. We have evaluated the...

Hershberger, Ellie; Coyle, Elizabeth A.; Kaatz, Glenn W.; Zervos, Marcus J.; Rybak, Michael J.

2000-01-01

68

A surgical case of mitral regurgitation due to active infective endocarditis with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 71-year-old woman with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), who had been treated with steroid and cyclosporine, was admitted in an emergency with fever and dyspnea. The diagnosis was mitral regurgitation due ton infective endocarditis. Although she received treatments for infection and cardiac failure, the cardiac failure could not be controlled. After high-dose ?-globulin therapy, an emergency operation was performed during the active phase of infective endocarditis. Rapid platelet transfusion was administered after weaning from extracorporeal circulation. She recovered and was discharged without postoperative bleeding and re-infection.The treatment course of elective cardiac surgery complicated with ITP has been established, but the course of emergency surgery has not been established because of the small number of cases reported. Since few patients have undergone emergency surgery for active infective endocarditis, we had difficulty in deciding the time of surgery and treatment for increasing the number of platelets before surgery, it was considered that the case provided us with useful suggestion for the future treatment for urgent surgery complicated with ITP. PMID:21881359

Sezai, Akira; Akiyama, Kenji; Fukushima, Seiji; Kashiwazaki, Satoshi; Shiono, Motomi; Horikoshi, Akira; Nakamura, Takashi; Hemmi, Akihiro

2011-01-01

69

Value of echocardiographic findings in predicting cardiovascular complications in infective endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Echocardiography allows the detection of vegetations and estimation of valvular dysfunction in patients with infective endocarditis. The value of echocardiographic findings in predicting cardiac and other vascular complications in infective endocarditis is not well understood. Identification of high-risk patients and early surgery may improve their prognosis. The authors reviewed echocardiographic findings and related them to the development of congestive heart failure, systemic embolism, and the need for surgery or the risk of death without surgery in patients with infective endocarditis. There were 125 episodes of endocarditis in 114 patients (84 episodes [67%] in men) with a mean age +/- standard deviation of 37 +/- 7 years. Vegetations were detected by echocardiography on at least 1 valve in 87 episodes (70%); on the mitral valve in 36 episodes (29%); on the aortic valve in 21 episodes (17%); and on the tricuspid valve in 45 episodes (36%). Severe aortic regurgitation was present in 9 episodes (7%) and severe mitral regurgitation in 4 instances (3%). In 12 of 21 episodes (57%) of vegetations on the aortic valve compared with 15 of 104 patients (14%) without vegetations on the aortic valve (p < 0.001), and in 8 of 9 instances (89%) of severe aortic regurgitation compared with 19 of 116 episodes (16%) without severe aortic regurgitation (p<0.00001), the patients developed congestive heart failure. In 18 of 55 episodes (33%) of vegetations on the aortic/mitral valve compared with 17 of 70 episodes (25%) without vegetations on the aortic valve/mitral valve (p = NS), the patients developed systemic embolism. In 13 of 21 episodes (62%) of vegetations on the aortic valve compared with 19 of 104 episodes (19%) without vegetations on the aortic valve (p < 0.001), and in 8 of 9 episodes (89%) of severe aortic regurgitation compared with 24 of 116 episodes (21%) without severe aortic regurgitation (p < 0.00001), the patients either had surgery or died without surgery. Echocardiographic findings do not reliably predict the risk of systemic embolism in patients with infective endocarditis. Vegetations on the aortic valve and severe aortic regurgitation detected by echocardiography predict a high risk of developing congestive heart failure, and for the combined outcome of requiring surgery, or dying without surgery in infective endocarditis. Early surgery may improve the outlook for survival of these patients. PMID:11775621

Mathew, J; Anand, A; Addai, T; Freels, S

2001-12-01

70

Isolated Pulmonary Valve Endocarditis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Infective endocarditis is one of the most severe complications of parenteral drug abuse. The outstanding clinical feature of infective endocarditis in intravenous drug abusers is the high incidence of right-sided valve infection, and the tricuspid valve is involved in 60% to 70% of the cases. We herein report a case of isolated pulmonic valve infective endocarditis with a native pulmonary valve.

Mohammad Ali Hatamizadeh

2009-06-01

71

Epidemiology and prevention of valvular heart diseases and infective endocarditis in Africa  

OpenAIRE

Valvular heart diseases in Africa affect mainly children and young adults and are a result of rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is a preventable disease, but in Africa the combination of a lack of resources, lack of infrastructure, political, social and economic instability, poverty, overcrowding, malnutrition and lack of political will contributes to the persistence of a high burden of rheumatic fever, rheumatic valvular heart diseases and infective endocarditis. Combating and eradicating rhe...

Nkomo, Vuyisile T.

2007-01-01

72

MRI visualization of Staphyloccocus aureus-induced infective endocarditis in mice  

OpenAIRE

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a severe and often fatal disease, lacking a fast and reliable diagnostic procedure. The purpose of this study was to establish a mouse model of Staphylococcus aureus-induced IE and to develop a MRI technology to characterize and diagnose IE. To establish the mouse model of hematogenous IE, aortic valve damage was induced by placing a permanent catheter into right carotid artery. 24 h after surgery, mice were injected intravenously with either iron particle-label...

Ring, J.; Hoerr, V.; Tuchscherr, L.; Kuhlmann, M. T.; Lo?ffler, B.; Faber, C.

2014-01-01

73

The Streptococcus sanguinis Competence Regulon Is Not Required for Infective Endocarditis Virulence in a Rabbit Model  

OpenAIRE

Streptococcus sanguinis is an important component of dental plaque and a leading cause of infective endocarditis. Genetic competence in S. sanguinis requires a quorum sensing system encoded by the early comCDE genes, as well as late genes controlled by the alternative sigma factor, ComX. Previous studies of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus mutans have identified functions for the >100-gene com regulon in addition to DNA uptake, including virulence. We investigated this possibility i...

Callahan, Jill E.; Munro, Cindy L.; Kitten, Todd

2011-01-01

74

[A case of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus infective endocarditis with colon adenoma].  

Science.gov (United States)

An 80-year-old Japanese man had a fall presented with a 3-week history of right lumbago exacerbated by body movement as well as a 1-week history of anomalous behavior and appetite loss. He visited our hospital complaining of difficulty in standing up. He had a history of mitral prolapse due to an unknown rupture of the chordae tendineae 3 years earlier, which resulted in moderate mitral valve regurgitation and atrial fibrillation. Upon visiting the hospital, he had petechial hemorrhage and jaundice of the conjunctiva, a systolic murmur (Levine II/VI) at the apex and 4th interspace of the left sternal border, and a positive right straight leg raising test result. Moderate bilirubinemia and disseminated intravascular coagulation which were considered to have been produced secondarily were observed. Infective endocarditis was suspected, and 3 sets of blood culture were extracted. The patient was admitted on the same day. Blood cultures were positive for Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus (6/6) on the following day. Transesophagela echocardiography was carried out on the same day, and vegetation with a diameter of 4mm was observed in the anterior mitral leaflet; the patient was subsequently diagnosed as having infective endocarditis. Colonic endoscopy was performed after hospitalization. Twelve colonic adenomata were found, and endoscopic mucosal resection was performed on one polyp. The bacterium found in the culture was classified as Streptococcus bovis type I, which causes infective endocarditis and bacteremia. Furthermore, this bacteria is a relatively rare causative organism of infective endocarditis. Tolerance to macrolide and tetracycline are reported in the literature. Moreover, the cell wall of this bacterium may have low pathogenicity as well as cause chronic inflammation in the large intestine mucous membrane, colonic polyps, and colorectal cancer. Several colonic adenomata and a partial shift to a malignant pathology were observed in this case. When this bacterium is detected, searching for a pathological change in the large intestine is believed to be indispensable. PMID:25199383

Nemoto, Takaaki; Kunishima, Hiroyuki; Hirose, Masanori; Yamasaki, Yukitaka; Torikai, Keito; Nishisako, Hisashi; Takagi, Taeko; Fujitani, Shigeki; Matsuda, Takahide

2014-07-01

75

A mycotic forearm pseudoaneurym as an unusual complication of infective endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: Mycotic pseudoaneurysms are an infrequent complication of infective endocarditis; most cases are secondary to arterial trauma. The commonest site involved are the intracranial arteries, followed by the abdominal aorta and then the peripheral vessels. Case presentation: We report a case of a 36-year-old man, admitted in our institution for a subarachnoid haemorrhage, who presented with fever of unknown origin during his stay in the neurocritical care unit and whom was diagnosed infective endocarditis due to Meticilin Sensible Staphylococcus Aureus. Almost two weeks after antibiotic therapy was instituted, he presented a large, growing, pulsatile mass of the left forearm. A giant pseudoaneurysm arising from the radial artery was detected with ultrasound and surgical intervention was carried out. A large laceration of the radial artery was detected and an interposition of a vein graft was performed. Discussion: Forearm mycotic pseudoaneurysms are rare. A high index of suspicion is needed and they should always be borne in mind in the differential diagnosis of an extremity pain, swelling or motor-sensorial deficit after infective endocarditis. PMID:25177745

Rodrigues, Gonçalo M; Amaral, Carlos Oliveira; Valentim, Hugo Dias; Quintas, Anita; Ferreira, Maria Emília; Castro, João Albuquerque; Capitão, Luís Mota

2013-01-01

76

Antibodies to a surface-exposed, N-terminal domain of aggregation substance are not protective in the rabbit model of Enterococcus faecalis infective endocarditis.  

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The aggregation substance (AS) surface protein from Enterococcus faecalis has been implicated as an important virulence factor for the development of infective endocarditis. To evaluate the role of antibodies specific for Asc10 (the AS protein from the conjugative plasmid pCF10) in protective immunity to infective endocarditis, an N-terminal region of Asc10 lacking the signal peptide and predicted to be surface exposed (amino acids 44 to 331; AS(44-331)) was cloned with a C-terminal histidine tag translational fusion and expressed from Escherichia coli. N-terminal amino acid sequencing of the purified protein revealed the correct sequence, and rabbit polyclonal antisera raised against AS(44-331) reacted specifically to Asc10 expressed from E. faecalis OG1SSp, but not to other proteins as judged by Western blot analysis. Using these antisera, flow cytometry analysis demonstrated that antibodies to AS(44-331) bound to a surface-exposed region of Asc10. Furthermore, antibodies specific for AS(44-331) were opsonic for E. faecalis expressing Asc10 in vitro but not for cells that did not express Asc10. New Zealand White rabbits immunized with AS(44-331) were challenged intravenously with E. faecalis cells constitutively expressing Asc10 in the rabbit model of experimental endocarditis. Highly immune animals did not show significant differences in clearance of organisms from the blood or spleen or in formation of vegetations on the aortic valve, in comparison with nonimmune animals. Although in vivo expression of Asc10 was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry, these experiments provide evidence that immunity to Asc10 does not play a role in protection from experimental infective endocarditis due to E. faecalis and may have important implications for the development of immunological approaches to combat enterococcal endocarditis. PMID:11292753

McCormick, J K; Hirt, H; Waters, C M; Tripp, T J; Dunny, G M; Schlievert, P M

2001-05-01

77

Endocarditis infecciosa en pacientes con daño hepático crónico: Serie de 4 casos clínicos / Infective endocarditis in patients with chronic hepatic failure: A four cases series  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La asociación entre daño hepático y endocarditis infecciosa es infrecuente. Para analizar los factores predisponentes de esta asociación, la etiología microbiana y evolución clínica, se efectuó un análisis retrospectivo de los egresos por endocarditis infecciosa en pacientes con cirrosis hepática de [...] sde 1995 a junio de 2008. Se identificaron cuatro casos, asociados a categoría Child A en tres y en todos había una cardiopatía predisponente. Las manifestaciones clínicas fueron clásicas excepto en un caso que se presentó como descompensación hepática. Sólo un caso se asoció a un agente típico, otros a un agente nosocomial y Corynebacterium diphtheriae. En un caso no se identificó la etiología. Uno de los pacientes requirió cirugía de reemplazo valvular. Tres pacientes se recuperaron (Child A) y el paciente en categoría Child C falleció. Aunque infrecuente, la asociación cirrosis y endocarditis ocurre en la práctica clínica, se puede asociar a agentes inhabituales y tener manifestaciones encubiertas. Abstract in english Infective endocarditis and liver cirrhosis is an infrequent association. A retrospective study was performed in order to characterize predisposing factors, microbial causes and evolution. Medical records between 1995 and 2008 (June) were searched. Four cases were identified. In three cases liver cir [...] rhosis was in stage Child A, and in all 4 there was a predisposing cardiac disease. Clinical manifestations were classical in 3 cases and in one presented as hepatic failure. Only in one case a typical agent was recovered. Other cases were associated to a nosocomial agent or Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and in one no agent was identified. One patient required valve replacement. Three patients recovered satisfactorily, all of them in Child A stage. One died of non-infectious causes (Child C). Infective endocarditis and liver cirrhosis is an infrequent association in clinical practice, it can be associated to unusual agents or clinical manifestations.

Dan, Oksenberg R; Anna, Castelli T; Alberto, Fica C.

2009-06-01

78

Splenic abscess as a potential initial manifestation of quiescent infective endocarditis in a patient with bronchopneumonia.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 78-year-old woman presented to the acute medical unit with a productive cough, dyspnoea and decreased appetite of 4?days duration. Initial assessment supported a diagnosis of right-sided community-acquired pneumonia and she was started on antibiotics. In view of the clinical finding of splenomegaly, she had an ultrasound and, subsequently, a CT of the abdomen, which revealed a large splenic abscess. Pending cultures from a sample obtained from percutaneous drainage of the abscess, she was started on intravenous meropenem. The initial echocardiogram did not suggest any evidence of endocarditis. The pus drained from the abscess on cultures was subsequently positive for Staphylococcus aureus. An MRI of the spine excluded discitis as a source of infection. Owing to a high index of clinical suspicion a repeat echocardiogram was undertaken after 1-week, which confirmed acute endocarditis. The patient was treated with intravenous antibiotics for 6?weeks with improvement in clinical, radiological and biochemical parameters. PMID:25564586

McOwat, Lindsay; Wong, Kah Fai; Varughese, George I; Nayak, Ananth U

2015-01-01

79

Infective endocarditis related to a coronary artery fistula with an unusual localization and ectatic coronary arteries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Coronary artery fistulas (CAF) are a rare cardiac anomaly that can be either congenital or acquired. CAFs have clinical significance because of complications such as dyspnea on exertion, congestive heart failure, and cardiac tamponade. The literature also contains case reports of CAF presenting as bacterial endocarditis. We describe a 31-year-old man who presented with native valve infective endocarditis related to an unusual form of a CAF between the circumflex coronary artery and left ventricle. He also had giant coronary arteries, which were imaged with computed tomography angiography and transesophageal echocardiography. The diameter of the circumflex coronary artery and left main coronary artery was measured as 19 mm. Surgical intervention for heart valves was performed because of vegetations resistant to continued antibiotic treatment. At the same time, the CAF was treated with surgery. PMID:25362867

Gerede, Demet Menekse; Acibuca, Aynur; Uzun, Caglar; Goksuluk, Huseyin; Ongun, Aydan; Kilickap, Mustafa; Erol, Cetin

2015-04-01

80

From cat scratch disease to endocarditis, the possible natural history of Bartonella henselae infection  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Most patients with infectious endocarditis (IE due to Bartonella henselae have a history of exposure to cats and pre-existing heart valve lesions. To date, none of the reported patients have had a history of typical cat scratch disease (CSD which is also a manifestation of infection with B. henselae. Case presentation Here we report the case of a patient who had CSD and six months later developed IE of the mitral valve caused by B. henselae. Conclusion Based on this unique case, we speculate that CSD represents the primary-infection of B. henselae and that IE follows in patients with heart valve lesions.

Raoult Didier

2007-04-01

81

Niveles de péptido natriurético tipo B y su asociación con la morbimortalidad en endocarditis infecciosa / Association Levels of brain natriuretic peptide with morbidity and mortality in infective endocarditis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available La endocarditis infecciosa (EI) es una infección con alta morbimortalidad. Identificar a los pacientes con mayor riesgo de presentar complicaciones proporciona la oportunidad de establecer una terapéutica agresiva. El péptido natriurético tipo B es un estudio rápido y disponible, y se ha relacionado [...] a los niveles elevados con una mala evolución en la EI. Objetivos: Determinar la asociación entre los niveles de péptido natriurético tipo B y la morbimortalidad en pacientes con EI. Material y métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes ?15 años, durante el periodo de julio de 2010 a julio de 2012. Se dividieron en distintos grupos con base en los niveles de péptido natriurético tipo B: grupo 1, péptido natriurético tipo B Abstract in english Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infection with high morbidity and mortality. Identify patients with increased risk for complications, provides the opportunity to establish an aggressive therapeutic. B-type natriuretic peptide is a quick, available and high levels has been linked with poor outcome [...] in IE. Objectives: To determine the association between B-type natriuretic peptide levels and morbidity and mortality in patients with infective endocarditis. Material and methods: We included patients ? 15 years, during the period July 2010 to July 2012. They were divided into groups based on the levels of B-type natriuretic peptide, group 1 B-type natriuretic peptide

Oddir, Jáuregui Ruiz; Eduardo, Galván García; Cyntia Zulema, Machain Leyva.

2013-12-01

82

Severe infective endocarditis with systemic embolism due to community associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST630  

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Full Text Available Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) are increasingly causing infective endocarditis over the past decade. Here we report a healthy man who developed a severe acute infective endocarditis with systemic embolism caused by CA- MRSA. The strain was recovered from r [...] epeated blood cultures and was characterized using molecular detection and genotyping. The S. aureus isolate was typed as ST630 SCCmecV with spa-type t4549, agrI/IV and was PVL-negative. This is the only case report, to our knowledge, of CA-MRSA infective endocarditis in China. This case highlights the emergence and geographical spread of life-threatening CA-MRSA infection within China.

Beiwen, Zheng; Saiping, Jiang; Zemin, Xu; Yonghong, Xiao; Lanjuan, Li.

2015-02-01

83

Is there a role for 99mTc-HMPAO leucocyte scintigraphy in infective endocarditis?  

Science.gov (United States)

Infective endocarditis is an important disease in developing countries. A combination of clinical findings, typical organisms cultured from blood, and specific echocardiographic features are used to establish the diagnosis. The diagnosis is often difficult because cultures are not always positive and transthoracic echocardiography lacks sensitivity and specificity, leading to delayed treatment or inappropriate therapy. As (99m)Tc-HMPAO-labeled leucocyte scintigraphy is used routinely to evaluate patients with suspected infectious processes, it was postulated that this technique might also aid in the diagnosis of infective endocarditis in patients with underlying chronic rheumatic heart disease or other valvular disease. Six patients were referred for (99m)Tc-HMPAO-labeled leucocyte scintigraphy. The white blood cells were labeled according to standard procedures. Whole-body planar imaging and single photon emission tomography of the chest area, with imaging at 30 minutes, 3 hours and 24 hours after the administration of the labeled leucocytes, were performed on all patients. All the scintigrams were negative. The reasons for the negative findings are not entirely clear, but probably reflect the pathological nature of vegetations, which consist mainly of masses of fibrin, clotted platelets and blood cell debris, containing the causative organisms. Leucocytes do not play a major role in the pathological process. Although only six patients were studied, it appears that (99m)Tc-HMPAO leucocyte scintigraphy is of little value in the evaluation of patients with infective endocarditis. A study after the administration of radiolabelled antibiotics may be of greater value and should be considered in these patients. PMID:14532962

Ellemann, Annare; Rubow, Sietske; Erlank, Petro; Reuter, Helmuth

2003-01-01

84

Primer reporte en Cuba de endocarditis infecciosa a consecuencia de brucelosis First report of infective endocarditis in Cuba as a result of brucellosis  

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Full Text Available Introducción: las manifestaciones clínicas por brucelosis han sido muy poco investigadas y no se profundiza en los síntomas y las posibles complicaciones que puede causar. Objetivo: reportar por primera vez en Cuba un caso de endocarditis infecciosa a consecuencia de brucelosis. Métodos: hombre blanco, de 57 años, campesino, remitido desde Vertientes, que ingresó en diciembre de 2009 en el Hospital Provincial "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" de Camagüey, con diagnóstico presuntivo de endocarditis infecciosa por Brucella e insuficiencia aórtica moderada, que refirió presentar fiebre, malestar general, decaimiento, dolores musculares, articulares, artritis, astenia marcada, anorexia, signos neurológicos, sudoración y fuerte dolor en el pecho. En anteriores ingresos fue tratado con antimicrobianos, indicándole entre los complementarios, serología lenta en busca de brucelosis, pero por no disponibilidad de reactivos no se realizaron estas pruebas hasta enero de 2010. Se precisaron como antecedentes epidemiológicos el contacto directo con ganado vacuno y porcino y la presencia de heridas y microtraumatismos en manos y pies, propios de su labor. Su finca colinda con otra donde hay ganado afectado de brucelosis. Resultados: los exámenes de laboratorio resultaron positivos con elevados títulos serológicos, y aunque no fue posible el aislamiento del agente etiológico mediante el cultivo, se confirmó serológicamente la enfermedad y la endocarditis infecciosa como complicación sobreañadida; esto llevó tratamiento con antimicrobianos y medicamentos para la afección cardíaca. Se diagnostican muy poco estas complicaciones a consecuencia de brucelosis en la literatura internacional, este es el primer reporte para Cuba. Conclusiones: la descripción de este caso, constituye una alerta en el diagnóstico de las endocarditis infecciosas quizá asociadas a antecedentes epidemiológicos de brucelosis.Introduction: the clinical manifestations of brucellosis have been poorly researched on and the symptoms and possible complications have not been deeply studied either. Objective: to report a case of infective endocarditis caused by brucellosis for the first time in Cuba. Methods: a Caucasian male farmer aged 57 years was referred from Vertientes municipality to be admitted at "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" provincial hospital in Camaguey province in December,2009. He had been presumptively diagnosed with infectious endocarditis caused by Brucella and with moderate aortic failure since he presented with fever, general malaise, fatigue, muscle and joint pains, arthritis, marked asthenia, anorexia, neurological signs, sweating and strong chest pain. In his previous hospitalization, he had been treated with antimicrobials after indication of supplementary tests such as slow serology for brucellosis; however, specific reagents were not available,so these tests were not performed until January 2010.The epidemiological history of this case included his direct contact with cows and pigs as well as wounds and minor traumas inflicted on his hands and feet resulting from his type of work. His farm is next to another farm where the cattle is also affected with brucellosis. Results: the lab tests were positive with high serological titres, and although it was not possible to isolate the etiologic agent through culturing, the disease and the infective endocarditis were serologically confirmed as additional complication; this required antimicrobial treatment and drugs for the heart disease. These complications from brucellosis are barely diagnosed in the international literature, and in Cuba, this is the first report of the disease. Conclusions: the description of this case is an alert to diagnosis of infective endocarditis that may be associated with epidemiological history of brucellosis.

Gloria Sofía García González

2012-04-01

85

Primer reporte en Cuba de endocarditis infecciosa a consecuencia de brucelosis / First report of infective endocarditis in Cuba as a result of brucellosis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Introducción: las manifestaciones clínicas por brucelosis han sido muy poco investigadas y no se profundiza en los síntomas y las posibles complicaciones que puede causar. Objetivo: reportar por primera vez en Cuba un caso de endocarditis infecciosa a consecuencia de brucelosis. Métodos: hombre blan [...] co, de 57 años, campesino, remitido desde Vertientes, que ingresó en diciembre de 2009 en el Hospital Provincial "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" de Camagüey, con diagnóstico presuntivo de endocarditis infecciosa por Brucella e insuficiencia aórtica moderada, que refirió presentar fiebre, malestar general, decaimiento, dolores musculares, articulares, artritis, astenia marcada, anorexia, signos neurológicos, sudoración y fuerte dolor en el pecho. En anteriores ingresos fue tratado con antimicrobianos, indicándole entre los complementarios, serología lenta en busca de brucelosis, pero por no disponibilidad de reactivos no se realizaron estas pruebas hasta enero de 2010. Se precisaron como antecedentes epidemiológicos el contacto directo con ganado vacuno y porcino y la presencia de heridas y microtraumatismos en manos y pies, propios de su labor. Su finca colinda con otra donde hay ganado afectado de brucelosis. Resultados: los exámenes de laboratorio resultaron positivos con elevados títulos serológicos, y aunque no fue posible el aislamiento del agente etiológico mediante el cultivo, se confirmó serológicamente la enfermedad y la endocarditis infecciosa como complicación sobreañadida; esto llevó tratamiento con antimicrobianos y medicamentos para la afección cardíaca. Se diagnostican muy poco estas complicaciones a consecuencia de brucelosis en la literatura internacional, este es el primer reporte para Cuba. Conclusiones: la descripción de este caso, constituye una alerta en el diagnóstico de las endocarditis infecciosas quizá asociadas a antecedentes epidemiológicos de brucelosis. Abstract in english Introduction: the clinical manifestations of brucellosis have been poorly researched on and the symptoms and possible complications have not been deeply studied either. Objective: to report a case of infective endocarditis caused by brucellosis for the first time in Cuba. Methods: a Caucasian male f [...] armer aged 57 years was referred from Vertientes municipality to be admitted at "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" provincial hospital in Camaguey province in December,2009. He had been presumptively diagnosed with infectious endocarditis caused by Brucella and with moderate aortic failure since he presented with fever, general malaise, fatigue, muscle and joint pains, arthritis, marked asthenia, anorexia, neurological signs, sweating and strong chest pain. In his previous hospitalization, he had been treated with antimicrobials after indication of supplementary tests such as slow serology for brucellosis; however, specific reagents were not available,so these tests were not performed until January 2010.The epidemiological history of this case included his direct contact with cows and pigs as well as wounds and minor traumas inflicted on his hands and feet resulting from his type of work. His farm is next to another farm where the cattle is also affected with brucellosis. Results: the lab tests were positive with high serological titres, and although it was not possible to isolate the etiologic agent through culturing, the disease and the infective endocarditis were serologically confirmed as additional complication; this required antimicrobial treatment and drugs for the heart disease. These complications from brucellosis are barely diagnosed in the international literature, and in Cuba, this is the first report of the disease. Conclusions: the description of this case is an alert to diagnosis of infective endocarditis that may be associated with epidemiological history of brucellosis.

Gloria Sofía, García González; Iraida María, Saborido Pérez; Lázaro, Ramírez Lana; Isabel, Ponce de León Ávila.

2012-04-01

86

Radioimmunoimaging of subacute infective endocarditis using a technetium-99m monoclonal granulocyte-specific antibody  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Immunoscintigraphy with a technetium-99m murine monoclonal IgG1 antibody directed against non-specific cross-reacting antigen (NCA-95) and carcinoembryonic antigen was performed with 20 patients with suspected subacute infective endocarditis (SIE) and 6 controls with suspected inflammatory/infectious disease elsewhere in the body. Immunoscintigraphy and echocardiography localised SIE in 11 of 15 patients in whom the disease could be confirmed. In 4 patients with validated SIE, the immunoscan was abnormal, and the echocardiogram was normal. In another 4 patients, the result was exactly the opposite. These findings suggest that the combination of immunoscintigraphy and echocardiography improves diagnostic efficacy in patients with suspected SIE. (orig.)

87

Mycotic left main coronary artery aneurysm following double-valve replacement for active infective endocarditis.  

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A 68-year-old man underwent double-valve replacement (DVR) for active infective endocarditis caused by Enterococcus faecalis. Postoperative coronary angiography (CAG) revealed a saccular aneurysm originating from the distal portion of LMCA with severe stenosis at the ostium of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery and left circumflex artery (LCx). Emergent surgical resection with concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting were performed.Mycotic coronary artery aneurysms have a great tendency to rupture, and this may result in cardiac tamponade and sudden death. Early recognition and prompt surgical intervention is mandatory to minimize those fatal complications. PMID:22673548

Matsuno, Yukihiro; Fukumoto, Yukiomi; Ishida, Narihiro; Shimabukuro, Katsuya; Takemura, Hirofumi

2013-01-01

88

Multiple Embolism in a Female Patient with Infective Endocarditis: Low Back Pain and Hematuria as the Initial Clinical Manifestations  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english A 59-year-old female patient with mitral valve prolapse and a previous history of lumbosacral spondyloarthrosis and lumbar disk hernia had an episode of infective endocarditis due to Streptococcus viridans, which evolved with peripheral embolism to the left kidney, spleen, and left iliac artery, and [...] intraventricular cerebral hemorrhage. Her clinical manifestations were low back pain and hematuria, which were initially attributed to an osteoarticular condition. Infective endocarditis is a severe polymorphic disease with multiple clinical manifestations and it should always be included in the differential diagnosis by clinicians.

Marcelo Luiz Campos, Vieira; Mônica Luisa Rappi, Schmidt; Marcos Valério Coimbra de, Resende; Luis Sérgio Afonso de, André Júnior.

2002-06-01

89

Multiple Embolism in a Female Patient with Infective Endocarditis: Low Back Pain and Hematuria as the Initial Clinical Manifestations  

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Full Text Available A 59-year-old female patient with mitral valve prolapse and a previous history of lumbosacral spondyloarthrosis and lumbar disk hernia had an episode of infective endocarditis due to Streptococcus viridans, which evolved with peripheral embolism to the left kidney, spleen, and left iliac artery, and intraventricular cerebral hemorrhage. Her clinical manifestations were low back pain and hematuria, which were initially attributed to an osteoarticular condition. Infective endocarditis is a severe polymorphic disease with multiple clinical manifestations and it should always be included in the differential diagnosis by clinicians.

Vieira Marcelo Luiz Campos

2002-01-01

90

Molecular Species Identification of Streptococcus-like genera associated with Infective Endocarditis based on sequence analysis of the 16S-23S ribosomal RNA Intergenic Spacer region  

OpenAIRE

Species identification of Gram-positive, catalase-negative, coccal shaped non-hemolytic streptococci is challenging with conventional phenotypic methods. Sequence analysis of the highly conserved 16S ribosomal Ribonucleic acid (rRNA) gene is insufficient for closely related species such as the non-hemolytic streptococci. Bacterial identification with sequence analysis of the 16S-23S Intergenic Spacer region (ITS1) has shown to be better target with the Strep16S_1471F and 6R-IGS primers. Gr...

Carkaci, Derya

2012-01-01

91

Successful treatment of Candida parapsilosis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection using medical and surgical management in an injecting drug user with mitral and aortic valve endocarditis: a case report  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Polymicrobial endocarditis is a well-recognized problem in intravenous drug users and it accounts for 1 to 3% of endocarditis cases overall and up to 9% in other series. The most common combinations of organisms include Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae followed by Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Candida parapsilosis endocarditis carries a mortality rate of 45%, and each infection with Candida or Pseudomonas endocarditis per se carries a very high mortality rate approaching 85% and 80%, respectively. The combination of P. aeruginosa and C. parapsilosis has never been encountered and there have been no earlier reports of the combination of C. parapsilosis and P. aeruginosa in adult intravenous drug users as a cause of endocarditis. Case presentation We present a 49-year-old man with bivalvular endocarditis with P. aeruginosa and C. parapsilosis. He had a prior bivalvular replacement in 2005 that became infected with the above microorganisms and he was treated with intravenous antibiotics. Because of ongoing intravenous drug use, a second valve replacement was denied. A few days later, the patient presented with septic shock secondary to P. aeruginosa and C. parapsilosis recurrent endocarditis. The infection was cured with a second bivalvular replacement and extended therapy with antibiotics and antifungals. Conclusion This is the first time a patient has presented with P. aeruginosa and C. parapsilosis endocarditis. Relapsing polymicrobial endocarditis can be cured with medical and surgical therapy.

Daas Hanady

2009-05-01

92

Complicaciones posoperatorias y mortalidad en pacientes operados por endocarditis infecciosa / Postoperative complications and mortality observed in patients operated on from infective endocarditis  

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Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: describir las causas de morbilidad y mortalidad perioperatorias en los pacientes afectos de endocarditis infecciosa activa y significar cómo pueden ser disminuidas. Métodos: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de las complicaciones posoperatorias y mortalidad en 139 pacientes operados por [...] presentar endocarditis infecciosa en un período de 16 años. Se efectuaron 147 operaciones a los 139 pacientes de las cuales 83 (57,1 %) fueron electivas y 64 (42,9 %) fueron de urgencia. El 24 % de los pacientes fueron remitidos de otros centros en los que habían sido sometidos a tratamiento médico no exitoso por más de 4 semanas. Resultados: las operaciones efectuadas fueron: Sustituciones valvulares aórticas,mitrales y tricuspídeas 75 (41,1 %), extracción de electrodos de marcapasos o desfibriladores automáticos implantables del ventrículo derecho 57 (41 %) , otras operaciones en número de 7 (4,9 %)y 8 reintervenciones. La complicación más frecuente fue la sepsis generalizada (10,07 % p Abstract in english Objective: To describe the causes of perioperative morbidity and mortality of patients suffering active infectious endocarditis and to explain how both aspects can be reduced. Methods: A retrospective study of postoperative complications and mortality observed in 139 patients operated on from infect [...] ious endocarditis in 16 years. One hundred forty seven surgeries were performed, of which 83 (57.1 %) were elective and 64 (42.9 %) were emergency surgeries. In this group, 24 % had been referred from other medical centers where they had been unsuccessfully treated for 4 weeks. Results: The performed surgeries comprised 15 aortic, mitral and tricuspid valve replacements, 57 (41 %) removals of pacemaker electrodes or of implanted automatic defibrillators in the right ventricle, seven other types of surgeries and 8 reoperations. The most frequent complication was generalized sepsis ((10.07 % p

Joaquín, Gómez Armando Gonga; Milvio B, Ramírez López; Horacio E, Pérez López; Fidel Manuel, Cáceres Loriga; José R, Llanes.

2013-03-01

93

Active infective endocarditis due to Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae: zoonosis caused by vancomycin-resistant gram-positive rod.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 42-year-old female who was a voluntary worker in a school for handicapped children was referred to us for surgery for active infective endocarditis. Trans-esophageal echocardiography showed 2 large mobile vegetations on the aortic valve and severe aortic regurgitation. Aortic valve replacement was performed to prevent septic embolism and deterioration of congestive heart failure. The empiric therapy with vancomycin, ampicillin, and gentamycin was initiated because a pathogen was not identified. But Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (gram-positive rod) was isolated on the 4th day after surgery. The target therapy with penicillin G and clindamycin was started and continued for 4 weeks after surgery. The inflammatory parameters improved steadily and the patient was discharged on the 36th day after surgery. Infective endocarditis due to gram-positive rods can be easily mistaken for streptococci or dismissed as a skin contamination. But, E. rhusiopathiae endocarditis should be considered in the differential diagnosis. PMID:22664947

Miura, Takashi; Hashizume, Koji; Ariyoshi, Tsuneo; Miwa, Takashi; Furumoto, Akitsugu; Izumida, Mai; Yanagihara, Katsunori; Eishi, Kiyoyuki

2013-02-01

94

Cases of active infective endocarditis in a university hospital during a 10-year period  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To determine the features of patients with active infective endocarditis, and to identify causative microorganisms in blood and/or valve cultures. Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at the Surgical Intensive Care Unit of Istanbul University Cardiology Institute, Istanbul, Turkey, and comprised 22 patients with clinical evidence of the affliction who underwent operation between January 2001 and December 2010. Modified Duke Criteria was used for the diagnosis of the condition. Frequencies and percentages were calculated. Results: The mean age of the patients was 46.68+-18 years, and 12 (54.5%) were male. Native valve endocarditis was present in 13 (59.1%) cases and prosthetic valve endocarditis was present in 9 (40.9%). Rheumatic heart disease was the commonest underlying heart disease (n=12; 54.5%). None of patient was intravenous drug abuser and positive for human immunodeficiency virus. Operative mortality was 18% (n=4). Vegetation and abscess formation were detected in 19 (86.3%) cases. Blood culture positivity was 50% (n=11). Staphylococci was the most common causative micro-organism (n=4; 36.3%), followed by Streptococci (n=3; 27.3%), and 1 (9.1%) each for Enterococci, Brucella species, Candida albicans and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. Positive cultures from vegetations and tissue retrieved at the operation was not detected. Conclusion: Active IE remains a severe disease affecting the young population in our study and rheumatic heart diseason in our study and rheumatic heart disease continues to be the most underlying heart disease. Culture negativity was found to be very high and prior antibiotic therapy may be the prime reason. (author)

95

Infective endocarditis caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a young woman after ear piercing: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Ear piercing is a common practice among Korean adolescents and young women and usually is performed by nonmedical personnel, sometimes under suboptimal hygienic conditions. Consequently, ear piercing has been associated with various infectious complications, including fatal infective endocarditis. We report a case of infective endocarditis that was caused by community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus after ear piercing and that was accompanied by a noticeable facial rash. Case presentation A 29-year-old Korean woman underwent ear piercing six days before hospitalization. On admission, she had fever, erythematous maculopapular rashes on her face, signs of generalized emboli, vegetation in her mitral valve, and methicillin-resistant S. aureus bacteremia. On the basis of the blood culture results, she was treated with vancomycin in combination with gentamicin. On day six of hospitalization, a rupture of the papillary muscle of her mitral valve developed, and emergency cardiac surgery replacing her mitral valve with a prosthetic valve was performed. After eight weeks of antibiotic therapy, she was treated successfully and discharged without significant sequelae. Conclusions Numerable cases of body piercing-related infective endocarditis have been reported, and since ear piercing is commonplace nowadays, the importance of risk recognition cannot be overemphasized. In our report, a patient developed infective endocarditis that was caused by methicillin-resistant S. aureus after ear piercing and that was accompanied by an interesting feature, namely facial rash.

Kim Mijeong

2011-08-01

96

Short-term and one-year outcome of infective endocarditis in adult patients treated in a Finnish teaching hospital during 1980–2004  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Previous studies on factors predicting the prognosis of infective endocarditis have given somewhat conflicting results. Our aim was to define the factors predicting the outcome of patients treated in a Finnish teaching hospital. Methods A total of 326 episodes of infective endocarditis in 303 patients treated during 1980–2004 were evaluated for short-term and 1-year outcome and complications. Results Infection of 2 native valves and the occurrence of neurological complic...

Engblom Erik; Savunen Timo; Hurme Saija; Helenius Hans; Heiro Maija; Nikoskelainen Jukka; Kotilainen Pirkko

2007-01-01

97

Endocardite infecciosa: 12 anos de tratamento cirúrgico Infective endocarditis: 12 years of surgical treatment  

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Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A endocardite é uma doença de tratamento difícil e que freqüentemente necessita da participação cirúrgica. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Entre janeiro de 1987 e janeiro de 1999, 159 pacientes foram operados em nosso Serviço, sendo 64,7% do sexo masculino. Este grupo apresentou idade média de 39,2 anos (2 a 78 anos, com peso médio de 57,1 kg. O acometimento valvar aórtico foi o mais freqüente (66 pacientes, sendo na valva nativa em 47 casos e em próteses em 19 (8 metálicas e 11 biológicas: a lesão mitral verificou-se em 53 pacientes, sendo mais comum em portadores de prótese (28 biológicas e 2 metálicas. O comprometimento das duas valvas esteve presente em 28 casos. Os demais pacientes eram portadores de defeitos congênitos ou de marcapasso definitivo. A operação foi indicada por refratariedade ao tratamento clínico, insuficiência cardíaca, quadro infeccioso levando a disfunção valvar ou de prótese, vazamento periprotético, ou ainda por arritmia. RESULTADOS: O estudo microbiológico evidenciou maior prevalência de infecção por Streptococcus viridans e Staphilococcus aureus. A operação realizada nos portadores de endocardite infecciosa em valva nativa propiciou a conservação da valva em 3 pacientes do grupo mitral e em 1 do grupo aórtico; nos demais pacientes empregaram-se próteses (a maioria metálica em aórticos e biológica em mitrais. As reoperações foram freqüentes, tendo pacientes com até quarta operação. A lesão congênita responsável pela maioria dos casos foi a comunicação interventricular (3 casos e 4 pacientes apresentavam a endocardite em eletrodo de marcapasso. A mortalidade global foi de 16,3%, com maior incidência em portadores de prótese mitral e aórtica submetidos a reoperação. A presença de abscesso como complicação da endocardite infecciosa verificou-se em 18,2% dos pacientes, utilizando-se pericárdio bovino na reconstrução da maioria, com mortalidade de 17,2%. CONCLUSÃO: Concluímos que o tratamento cirúrgico da endocardite infecciosa representa um desafio para o cirurgião, apesar de todo o progresso adicionado ao arsenal diagnóstico e terapêutico desta patologia.BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis is a disease of difficult and multidisciplinar treatment that frequently needs the surgical participation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 1987 and January 1999, 159 patients were operated on in our Service for infective endocarditis. Male group represented 64.7%. The mean age was 39.2 yr. (2 to 78 yr. and the mean weight 57.1 kg. The aortic valve was affected most frequently (66 patients, the native valve was affected in 47 cases and the prostheses in 19 (11 bioprostheses and 8 mechanic valves. The mitral valve was affected in 53 patients, most commonly in prostheses (28 bioprostheses and 2 mechanical. Aortic and mitral valves were together affected in 28 cases. The other patients had congenital defects or definitive pacemaker. Surgical treatment was indicated in cases of heart failure, refractory to medical treatment, valvar or prosthesis dysfunction secondary to infection, leak or arrhythmia. RESULTS: Cultures revealed that Streptococcus viridans and Staphilococcus aureus were the most prevalent microorganisms. Valve repair was possible in 3 patients of mitral group and one of aortic group. For the others, prostheses were used (mechanical for aortic valve and bioprostetic for mitral valve in the majority of the cases. Reoperation was frequent. Ventricular septal defect was the most common congenital pathology (3 cases and 4 patients presented infective endocarditis in pacemaker wire. The global mortality was 16.3%. Abscess as a complication was presented in 18.2% of the patients. We used bovine pericardium for reconstruction with a surgical mortality of 17.2%. CONCLUSION: We concluded that the treatment for infective endocarditis represents a surgical challenge, in spite of the progress added to the diagnostic and therapeutic armamentarium of this pathology.

Antoninho Sanfins ARNONI

2000-12-01

98

Endocardite infecciosa: 12 anos de tratamento cirúrgico / Infective endocarditis: 12 years of surgical treatment  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A endocardite é uma doença de tratamento difícil e que freqüentemente necessita da participação cirúrgica. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Entre janeiro de 1987 e janeiro de 1999, 159 pacientes foram operados em nosso Serviço, sendo 64,7% do sexo masculino. Este grupo apresentou idade média de 39, [...] 2 anos (2 a 78 anos), com peso médio de 57,1 kg. O acometimento valvar aórtico foi o mais freqüente (66 pacientes), sendo na valva nativa em 47 casos e em próteses em 19 (8 metálicas e 11 biológicas): a lesão mitral verificou-se em 53 pacientes, sendo mais comum em portadores de prótese (28 biológicas e 2 metálicas). O comprometimento das duas valvas esteve presente em 28 casos. Os demais pacientes eram portadores de defeitos congênitos ou de marcapasso definitivo. A operação foi indicada por refratariedade ao tratamento clínico, insuficiência cardíaca, quadro infeccioso levando a disfunção valvar ou de prótese, vazamento periprotético, ou ainda por arritmia. RESULTADOS: O estudo microbiológico evidenciou maior prevalência de infecção por Streptococcus viridans e Staphilococcus aureus. A operação realizada nos portadores de endocardite infecciosa em valva nativa propiciou a conservação da valva em 3 pacientes do grupo mitral e em 1 do grupo aórtico; nos demais pacientes empregaram-se próteses (a maioria metálica em aórticos e biológica em mitrais). As reoperações foram freqüentes, tendo pacientes com até quarta operação. A lesão congênita responsável pela maioria dos casos foi a comunicação interventricular (3 casos) e 4 pacientes apresentavam a endocardite em eletrodo de marcapasso. A mortalidade global foi de 16,3%, com maior incidência em portadores de prótese mitral e aórtica submetidos a reoperação. A presença de abscesso como complicação da endocardite infecciosa verificou-se em 18,2% dos pacientes, utilizando-se pericárdio bovino na reconstrução da maioria, com mortalidade de 17,2%. CONCLUSÃO: Concluímos que o tratamento cirúrgico da endocardite infecciosa representa um desafio para o cirurgião, apesar de todo o progresso adicionado ao arsenal diagnóstico e terapêutico desta patologia. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis is a disease of difficult and multidisciplinar treatment that frequently needs the surgical participation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 1987 and January 1999, 159 patients were operated on in our Service for infective endocarditis. Male group represented 6 [...] 4.7%. The mean age was 39.2 yr. (2 to 78 yr.) and the mean weight 57.1 kg. The aortic valve was affected most frequently (66 patients), the native valve was affected in 47 cases and the prostheses in 19 (11 bioprostheses and 8 mechanic valves). The mitral valve was affected in 53 patients, most commonly in prostheses (28 bioprostheses and 2 mechanical). Aortic and mitral valves were together affected in 28 cases. The other patients had congenital defects or definitive pacemaker. Surgical treatment was indicated in cases of heart failure, refractory to medical treatment, valvar or prosthesis dysfunction secondary to infection, leak or arrhythmia. RESULTS: Cultures revealed that Streptococcus viridans and Staphilococcus aureus were the most prevalent microorganisms. Valve repair was possible in 3 patients of mitral group and one of aortic group. For the others, prostheses were used (mechanical for aortic valve and bioprostetic for mitral valve in the majority of the cases). Reoperation was frequent. Ventricular septal defect was the most common congenital pathology (3 cases) and 4 patients presented infective endocarditis in pacemaker wire. The global mortality was 16.3%. Abscess as a complication was presented in 18.2% of the patients. We used bovine pericardium for reconstruction with a surgical mortality of 17.2%. CONCLUSION: We concluded that the treatment for infective endocarditis represents a surgical challenge, in spite of the progress added to the diagnostic and therapeutic armamentarium of this pathology.

Antoninho Sanfins, ARNONI; Josué de, CASTRO NETO; Renato Tambellini, ARNONI; Antonio Flávio Sanches de, ALMEIDA; Camilo, ABDULMASSIH NETO; Jarbas J., DINKHUYSEN; Mario, ISSA; Paulo, CHACCUR; Paulo P., PAULISTA.

2000-12-01

99

Infective Endocarditis  

Science.gov (United States)

... defect that you were born with). You had rheumatic fever or rheumatic heart disease as a child, which ... you have a history of congenital heart disease, rheumatic fever, or valve disease. Doctors may also look for ...

100

Successful treatment of Candida parapsilosis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection using medical and surgical management in an injecting drug user with mitral and aortic valve endocarditis: a case report  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Introduction Polymicrobial endocarditis is a well-recognized problem in intravenous drug users and it accounts for 1 to 3% of endocarditis cases overall and up to 9% in other series. The most common combinations of organisms include Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae followed by Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Candida parapsilosis endocarditis carries a mortality rate of 45%, and each infection with Candida or Pseudomonas endocarditis per se carries ...

Daas Hanady; Abuhmaid Fadi; Zervos Marcus

2009-01-01

101

A new causative bacteria of infective endocarditis, Bergeyella cardium sp. nov.  

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The first cases of infective endocarditis due to a new species of Bergeyella, Bergeyella cardium sp. nov., are reported. Two strains, 13-07(T) (= JCM 30115(T) = NCCP 15908(T)) and 13-16, were independently isolated from 2 patients in different hospitals in Korea. Initially, the isolates were identified as Brevundimonas spp.; however, their 16S rRNA gene sequences shared a similarity of 94.9% with Bergeyella zoohelcum, implying that they are a new species belonging to of the genus Bergeyella. The organisms might be susceptible to many commonly used antibiotics, including penicillin. The first case was successfully treated with ceftriaxone, and the second, with piperacillin/tazobactam plus amikacin. PMID:25544000

Sohn, Kyung Mok; Huh, Kyungmin; Baek, Jin-Yang; Kim, Yeon-Sook; Kang, Cheol-In; Peck, Kyong Ran; Lee, Nam Yong; Song, Jae-Hoon; Ko, Kwan Soo; Chung, Doo Ryeon

2015-03-01

102

Infective endocarditis of the aortic valve in a Border collie dog with patent ductus arteriosus.  

Science.gov (United States)

Infective endocarditis (IE) in dogs with cardiac shunts has not been reported previously. However, we encountered a dog with concurrent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and IE. The dog was a 1-year-old, 13.9-kg female Border collie and presented with anorexia, weight loss, pyrexia (40.4°C) and lameness. A continuous murmur with maximal intensity over the left heart base (Levine 5/6) was detected on auscultation. Echocardiography revealed a PDA and severe aortic stenosis (AS) caused by aortic-valve vegetative lesions. Corynebacterium spp. and Bacillus subtilis were isolated from blood cultures. The dog responded to aggressive antibiotic therapy, and the PDA was subsequently surgically corrected. After a series of treatments, the dog showed long-term improvement in clinical status. PMID:25391395

Aoki, Takuma; Sunahara, Hiroshi; Sugimoto, Keisuke; Ito, Tetsuro; Kanai, Eiichi; Fujii, Yoko

2014-11-12

103

Endocardite infecciosa num recém-nascido pré-termo / Infective endocarditis in a preterm newborn  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Introdução: A endocardite infecciosa é uma situação rara mas grave no período neonatal. Caso clínico: Os autores descrevem o caso clínico de um recém-nascido, pré-termo de 31 semanas que ao 15º dia de vida apresentou quadro séptico pelo que iniciou antibioticoterapia. Nas hemoculturas efectuadas iso [...] lou-se Staphylococus aureus, sensível aos antibióticos prescritos e o cateter epicutâneo-cava introduzido no sexto dia de vida foi nesta altura substituído. Ao 25º dia detectou-se sopro sistólico grau II/VI, tendo o ecocardiograma mostrado imagem sugestiva de vegetação na válvula tricúspide (dimensões-8,5x4mm). Por suspeita de endocardite bacteriana, efectuou tratamento com vancomicina, gentamicina e rifampicina. As hemoculturas posteriores foram estéreis e não se verificou aumento do tamanho da vegetação. Em ambulatório manteve-se clinicamente bem e actualmente, com nove meses de idade corrigida apresenta vegetação de 3x3mm. Conclusão: A suspeita de endocardite bacteriana deve ser considerada nos recém-nascidos com sépsis hospitalar, internados numa Unidade de Cuidados Intensivos, com colocação de cateter venoso central, sobretudo se os agentes envolvidos são o Staphylococcus aureus ou fungos. A base do tratamento é um curso prolongado de antibioticoterapia com um regime bactericida apropriado. Contudo a mortalidade permanece elevada. Abstract in english Background: Infective endocarditis is a rare but serious illness in neonatal period. Case report: The authors describe the case of a preterm newborn, 31 weeks of gestation who presented at 15th day of life a condition consistent with neonatal sepsis and antibiotic therapy was administered. Staphyloc [...] ocus aureus, sensitive to antibiotics that were prescribed, were detected in blood cultures and the central venous line introduced at 6th day of life was replaced at this point. At 25th day an II/VI grade blowing systolic murmur was heard and the echocardiography showed a suggestive image of vegetation (size-8,5x4mm) in the tricuspid valve. Bacterial endocarditis was suspected and the newborn was treated with vancomycin, gentamicin and rifampicin. The subsequent blood cultures were negative and no increase on vegetation size was observed. In ambulatory, he remained clinically well and actually, with nine months of corrected age, the size of vegetation is 3x3mm. Conclusion: Suspicion of infective endocarditis must be considered in newborns with hospital sepsis in an intensive care setting, with an indwelling catheter, especially if the agents involved are Staphylococcus aureus or fungi. The cornerstone of treatment is a prolonged course of antibiotic treatment with an appropriate bactericidal regimen. However mortality remains high.

Cristiana, Ribeiro; Marta, Rios; Luísa, Lopes; Sílvia, Álvares; Elisa, Proença; Ana, Guedes.

104

Apuntes sobre la fisiopatología, etiología, diagnóstico, tratamiento y profilaxis de la endocarditis infecciosa / Notes on the physiopathology, etiology, diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of infective endocarditis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La endocarditis infecciosa es una afección de difícil diagnóstico en Cardiología, con características clínicas muy variadas y una epidemiología cambiante en los últimos años. En la presente revisión se tratan aspectos novedosos sobre su clasificación, etiología y fisiopatología; además, se presentan [...] las herramientas fundamentales para su diagnóstico, punto de partida para su tratamiento médico basado primordialmente en la terapia antimicrobiana, así como los criterios quirúrgicos y la conducta actual en la profilaxis antimicrobiana de esta compleja entidad. Abstract in english Infective endocarditis is a disease of difficult diagnosis in cardiology, with highly variable clinical characteristics and changing epidemiology in the last few years. The present review dealt with novel aspects on classification, etiology and physiopathology of the disease in addition to the prese [...] ntation of the fundamental tools for diagnosis, which is the starting point for the medical treatment basically supported on the antimicrobial therapy. It also set forth the surgical criteria and the present performance in the antimicrobial prophylaxis of this complex disease.

Hiram, Tápanes Daumy; Elsa, Fleitas Ruisanchez; Eliobert, Díaz Bertot; Andrés, Savío Benavides; Maylin, Peña Fernández.

2014-09-01

105

Endocarditis infecciosa de alto riesgo embolígeno durante el embarazo: ¿manejo conservador o quirúrgico? / High risk infective endocarditis embolism during pregnancy: Medical or surgical management?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 22 años de edad con embarazo de 14 semanas y endocarditis infecciosa de válvula mitral nativa con una vegetación de 15 mm con amplia movilidad, acompañada de insuficiencia valvular severa. Inicialmente, y pese al riesgo embolígeno, se dio tratamiento antibiótic [...] o durante 4 semanas. Por persistencia del tamaño de la vegetación se decide llevar a cirugía para reparación mitral y remoción de la lesión en la semana 18 de gestación, considerando que el balance entre el riesgo fetal y materno estaba a favor del procedimiento quirúrgico. Se usaron técnicas de protección fetal intraoperatoria y se colocó una prótesis biológica previo intento de reparación. La evolución postintervención fue satisfactoria, lográndose parto por cesárea a las 30 semanas. Abstract in english A 22-year-old pregnant woman was seen at 14 weeks of pregnancy for infective endocarditis with a vegetation of 15 mm and wide mobility, which affected the native mitral valve accompanied by severe valvular insufficiency. Antibiotic treatment was given for 4 weeks despite the embolism risk. Due to pe [...] rsistence of vegetation size and after considering the fetal and maternal risk, the surgical procedure was favored. We decided to perform valvuloplasty and removal of lesion at 18 weeks of pregnancy. Fetal protection techniques were used and a bioprosthesis was placed before attempting a repair. The postoperative follow-up was satisfactory, achieving a successful birth by cesarean section at 30 weeks.

Luis Eduardo, Echeverría; Antonio, Figueredo; Juan Carlos, Gómez; Leonardo Alberto, Salazar; Jaime Alberto, Rodriguez; Camilo Ernesto, Pizarro; Carlos Eduardo, Riaño; Addy, Perroni; Alba Lucía, Cuadros; María Cristina, Villamizar; Edwin Uriel, Suárez.

2013-09-01

106

Corynebacterium propinquum as the first cause of infective endocarditis in childhood.  

Science.gov (United States)

We here present a 7-year-old girl with ventricular septum defect and ventriculoatrial communication, who developed infective endocarditis (IE) due to Corynebacterium propinquum in the tricuspid valve. The patient was admitted because of an 8-day history of fever. Transthoracic echocardiogram showed non-pedunculated vegetation on the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve. Gram-positive coryneform bacteria grew from three consecutive sets of blood cultures taken on admission. C. propinquum was confirmed by 3 microbiological approaches; (i) biochemical testing using API Coryne panels, (ii) a sequence-based method using the 16S rRNA gene and partial rpoB sequencing, and (iii) matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. The isolates were susceptible to a wide variety of ?-lactams and vancomycin. The patient was successfully treated with antimicrobial agents without surgical intervention. There have only been available of clinical details of two adult cases of invasive C. propinquum infections; one of which was presented as IE, and the other was pleuritis in a patient with lung cancer. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to describe C. propinquum as a cause of IE as well as that of invasive infections in a pediatric population. Multiple methods that reliably differentiated related species helped us to establish this rare organism. Our report expanded the clinical spectrum of C. propinquum infections. PMID:24486166

Kawasaki, Yu; Matsubara, Kousaku; Ishihara, Haruko; Nigami, Hiroyuki; Iwata, Aya; Kawaguchi, Koji; Fukaya, Takashi; Kawamura, Yoshiaki; Kikuchi, Ken

2014-05-01

107

First reported case of infective endocarditis caused by community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus not associated with healthcare contact in Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english We report here the first case of endocarditis due to CA-MRSA not associated with healthcare contact in Brazil in Brazil. A previously healthy patient presented with history of endocarditis following a traumatic wound infection. Patient had multiple positive blood cultures within 72 h of admission an [...] d met modified Duke's criterion for infective endocarditis. The isolate was typed as Staphylococcal cassette chromosome (SCC) mec type IV and was positive for presence of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL). Increased incidence of CA-MRSA endocarditis is a challenge for the internist to choose the best empirical therapy. Several authors have suggested an empirical therapy with both a beta-lactam and an anti-MRSA agent for serious S. aureus infections. Our patient was treated with Vancomycin and made complete recovery in 3 months.

Claudio Querido, Fortes; Claudia Adelino, Espanha; Flavio Pedreira, Bustorff; Bruno Cordeiro, Zappa; Adriana Lucia Pires, Ferreira; Regina Barbosa, Moreira; Nelson Gonçalves, Pereira; Vance G., Fowler Jr.; Hitesh, Deshmukh.

2008-12-01

108

First reported case of infective endocarditis caused by community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus not associated with healthcare contact in Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We report here the first case of endocarditis due to CA-MRSA not associated with healthcare contact in Brazil in Brazil. A previously healthy patient presented with history of endocarditis following a traumatic wound infection. Patient had multiple positive blood cultures within 72 h of admission and met modified Duke's criterion for infective endocarditis. The isolate was typed as Staphylococcal cassette chromosome (SCC mec type IV and was positive for presence of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL. Increased incidence of CA-MRSA endocarditis is a challenge for the internist to choose the best empirical therapy. Several authors have suggested an empirical therapy with both a beta-lactam and an anti-MRSA agent for serious S. aureus infections. Our patient was treated with Vancomycin and made complete recovery in 3 months.

Claudio Querido Fortes

2008-12-01

109

Two-Component System Response Regulators Involved in Virulence of Streptococcus pneumoniae TIGR4 in Infective Endocarditis  

OpenAIRE

Streptococci resident in the oral cavity have been linked to infective endocarditis (IE). While other viridans streptococci are commonly studied in relation to IE, less research has been focused on Streptococcus pneumoniae. We established for the first time an animal model of S. pneumoniae IE, and examined the virulence of the TIGR4 strain in this model. We hypothesized that two-component systems (TCS) may mediate S. pneumoniae TIGR4 strain virulence in IE and examined TCS response regulator ...

Trihn, My; Ge, Xiuchun; Dobson, Alleson; Kitten, Todd; Munro, Cindy L.; Xu, Ping

2013-01-01

110

The Clinical Impacts of Apparent Embolic Event and the Predictors of In-Hospital Mortality in Patients with Infective Endocarditis  

OpenAIRE

Embolic event is a common and important complication of infective endocarditis (IE). The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical impacts of embolic event in patients with IE and the predictors of in-hospital mortality. Data was collected in Pusan National University Hospital and Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital between January 2009 and December 2010. One hundred ten patients were included. Embolic events occur in 39 of 110 patients (35.5%). Brain (n = 18, 38.5%) was ...

Lee, Su Jin; Jeon, Doosoo; Cho, Woo Hyun; Kim, Yun Seong

2014-01-01

111

Outcome of Patients with Infective Endocarditis who were Treated with Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy  

Science.gov (United States)

Infective endocarditis is a potentially life threatening condition. It is associated with high mortality and morbidity resulting mostly due to cardiorespiratory failure. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a modality of treatment used to support hypoxic respiratory failure especially in patients who are already on mechanical ventilation. Continuous renal replacement therapy is added mainly for maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance. Here we report a case series of patients diagnosed with infective endocarditis who were treated with combined extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and continuous renal replacement therapy. Three patients in the age group 20-60 years were admitted with clinical features suggestive of infective endocarditis. During the course of hospital stay they developed cardiorespiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support for refractory hypoxia. It was complicated by heart failure, renal failure and fluid overload which required initiation of continuous renal replacement therapy. All the three patients succumbed in spite of the aggressive treatment. In addition to the role played by each complication, delayed start of continuous renal replacement therapy might have also contributed to the high mortality. Early initiation of continuous renal replacement therapy for management of fluid overload needs to be considered in the management of these critically ill patients. PMID:25568769

John, Santhosh G.; William, Preethi; Murugapandian, Sangeetha; Thajudeen, Bijin

2014-01-01

112

Successful recovery of infective endocarditis-induced rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis by steroid therapy combined with antibiotics: a case report  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The mortality rate among patients with infective endocarditis, especially associated with the presence of complications or coexisting conditions such as renal failure and the use of combined medical and surgical therapy remains still high. Prolonged parenteral administration of a bactericidal antimicrobial agent or combination of agents is usually recommended, however, the optimal therapy for infective endocarditis associated with renal injury is not adequately defined. Case presentation Patient was a 24-years old man who presented to our hospital with fever, fatigue, and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. He had a history of ventricular septum defect (VSD. A renal biopsy specimen revealed crescentic glomerulonephritis and echocardiogram revealed VSD with vegetation on the tricuspid valve. Specimens of blood demonstrated Propionibacterium Acnes. The intensive antibiotic therapy with penicillin G was started without clinical improvement of renal function or resolution of fever over the next 7 days. After the short-term treatment of low dose of corticosteroid combined with continuous antibiotics, high fever and renal insufficiency were dramatically improved. Conclusion Although renal function in our case worsened despite therapy with antibiotics, a short-term and low dose of corticosteroid therapy with antibiotics was able to recover renal function and the patient finally underwent tricuspid valve-plasty and VSD closure. We suggest that the patients with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis associated with infective endocarditis might be treated with a short-term and low dose of corticosteroid successfully.

Kikkawa Ryuichi

2004-12-01

113

Surgical treatment for infective endocarditis and hospital mortality in a Brazilian single-center / Tratamento cirúrgico para endocardite infecciosa e mortalidade hospitalar em centro único brasileiro  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliamos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia valvar em vigência de endocardite infecciosa na tentativa de identificar preditores independentes de mortalidade intrahospitalar em 30 dias. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 837 pacientes consecutivamente submetidos à cirurgia valvar, no período de janeiro [...] de 2003 a maio de 2010, em um hospital terciário de São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brasil. O Grupo de Estudo compreendeu indivíduos submetidos à intervenção em vigência de endocardite infecciosa e foi comparado ao Grupo Controle, considerando complicações clínicas perioperatórias e óbito por todas as causas em 30 dias. RESULTADOS: Em nossa casuística, 64 (8%) pacientes foram submetidos à cirurgia valvar em vigência de endocardite infecciosa, sendo 37,5% deles com indicação de intervenção cirúrgica em múltiplas valvas. O Grupo de Estudo apresentou maior permanência em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (16%), necessidade de diálise (9%) e maior mortalidade em 30 dias (17%) comparado ao Grupo Controle (7%, P=0,020; 2%, P=0,002 e 9%, P=0,038; respectivamente). A análise de regressão de Cox confirmou idade (P=0,007), lesão renal aguda (P=0,004), diálise (P=0,026), reoperação (P=0,026), reintervenção por sangramento (P=0,013), reintubação orotraqueal (P Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: We evaluated patients underwent cardiac valve surgery in the presence of infective endocarditis in an attempt to identify independent predictors of 30-day mortality. METHODS: We evaluated 837 consecutive patients underwent cardiac valve surgery from January 2003 to May 2010 in a tertiary [...] hospital in São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo (SP), Brazil. The study group comprised patients who underwent intervention in the presence of infective endocarditis and was compared to the control group (without infective endocarditis), evaluating perioperative clinical outcomes and 30-day all cause mortality. RESULTS: In our series, 64 patients (8%) underwent cardiac valve surgery in the presence of infective endocarditis, and 37.5% of them had surgical intervention in multiple valves. The study group had prolonged ICU length of stay (16%), greater need for dialysis (9%) and higher 30-day mortality (17%) compared to the control group (7%, P=0.020; 2%, P=0.002 and 9%, P=0.038; respectively). In a Cox regression analysis, age (P = 0.007), acute kidney injury (P = 0.004), dialysis (P = 0.026), redo surgery (P = 0.026), re-exploration for bleeding (P = 0.013), tracheal reintubation (P

Maurício Nassau, Machado; Marcelo Arruda, Nakazone; Jamil Ali, Murad-Júnior; Lilia Nigro, Maia.

2013-03-01

114

Once versus twice daily gentamicin dosing for infective endocarditis : a randomized clinical trial  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objectives: The aim of this randomized study was to investigate the effects of once versus twice daily gentamicin dosing on renal function and measures of infectious disease in a population with infective endocarditis (IE). Methods: Seventy-one IE patients needing gentamicin treatment according to guidelines were randomized to either once (n = 37) or twice daily (n = 34) doses of gentamicin. Kidney function (glomerular filtration rate, GFR) was measured with an isotope method ( 51 Cr-EDTA) at the beginning of treatment and at discharge. Treatment efficacy was assessed by C-reactive protein (CRP) time to half-life, mean CRP and leukocytes. Results: Baseline GFR was similar in the two groups. Both groups displayed a significant fall in GFR from admission to discharge. The mean decrease in GFR was as follows: with once daily gentamicin, 17.0% (95% confidence interval 7.5– 26.5), and with twice daily gentamicin, 20.4% (95% confidence interval 12.0–28.8). However, there was no significant difference in the GFR decrease between the once and twice daily regimens (p = 0.573). No difference in infection parameters was demonstrated between the two dosing regimens. Conclusions: A twice daily gentamicin dosing regimen is neither less nephrotoxic nor more efficient than a once daily regimen in the treatment of IE patients. When indicated, gentamicin may therefore also be administered as a singledose regimen in the treatment of IE patients.

Buchholtz, Kristine; Larsen, Carsten Toftager

2011-01-01

115

PCR-Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry for Direct Detection of Pathogens and Antimicrobial Resistance from Heart Valves in Patients with Infective Endocarditis  

OpenAIRE

Microbiological diagnosis is pivotal to the appropriate management and treatment of infective endocarditis. We evaluated PCR-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (PCR/ESI-MS) for bacterial and candidal detection using 83 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded heart valves from subjects with endocarditis who had positive valve and/or blood cultures, 63 of whom had positive valvular Gram stains. PCR/ESI-MS yielded 55% positivity with concordant microbiology at the genus/species or organism group...

Brinkman, Cassandra L.; Vergidis, Paschalis; Uhl, James R.; Pritt, Bobbi S.; Cockerill, Franklin R.; Steckelberg, James M.; Baddour, Larry M.; Maleszewski, Joseph J.; Edwards, William D.; Sampath, Rangarajan; Patel, Robin

2013-01-01

116

Yersinia enterocolitica endocarditis on a prosthetic valve.  

OpenAIRE

Yersinia entercolitica endocarditis has rarely been described before. This is the first report of prosthetic valve Yersinia enterocolitis endocarditis, complicated by infected brain embolization. The patient, however, completely recovered after 6 weeks of combined therapy with ceftriaxone and gentamicin.

Pras, E.; Arber, N.; Pinkhas, J.; Sidi, Y.

1992-01-01

117

Infective endocarditis (IE first diagnosed at autopsy: analysis of 31 cases in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil Endocardite infecciosa (EI com diagnóstico feito apenas à necrópsia: análise de 31 casos ocorridos entre 1992 e 1997, em Ribeirão Preto, Brasil  

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Full Text Available Thirty one infective endocarditis (IE fatal cases whose diagnosis was first obtained at autopsy were studied. The clinical data of these patients (Group 1 showed significant differences compared to other 141 IE cases (Group 2. The average age of 53 years in Group 1 patients was 18 years higher than that of Group 2. The Group 1 patients had a low frequency of IE predisposing heart disease. Both patient groups presented fever (about 87%, but a significant low frequency of cardiac murmur (25.8% was observed in Group 1 patients and echocardiography tests were performed in only 16.1%, suggesting that IE diagnosis was not suspected. Likewise, although most Group 1 patients appeared with severe acute illness, they did not present the classic IE clinical presentation. Blood cultures were performed in only 64.5% of the Group 1 patients. However, bacteria were isolated in 70% of these blood cultures and Staphylococcus aureus was isolated in 71.4%. The bacteria attacked mitral and aortic valves. Complications such as embolizations and cardiac failure occurred in almost half of the cases and they also presented with infections of the lungs, urinary tract, and central nervous system. Medical procedures were performed in practically all fatal cases whose diagnosis was first obtained at autopsy. Sepsis occurred in about half of the patients and it was followed by shock in more than 25%. This form of IE must be suspected in mature and in old febrile hospitalized patients having infection predisposing diseases, embolization, and suffering medical procedures.Trinta e um casos fatais de EI, que tiveram este diagnóstico apenas à necrópsia, foram analisados. Os dados clínicos destes pacientes (Grupo 1 mostrou diferenças significantes quando comparados aos de outros 141 casos de EI (Grupo 2. A idade média de 53 anos nos pacientes do Grupo 1 foi 18 anos mais alta que nos do Grupo 2. Os pacientes do Grupo 1 tiveram uma baixa freqüência de cardiopatias predisponentes à EI. Ambos os grupos de pacientes apresentaram febre (aproximadamente 87%, mas uma significante baixa freqüência de sopro cardíaco (25,8% foi observado no Grupo 1, provavelmente, em conseqüência disto, o ecocardiograma foi efetuado em apenas 16,1% dos casos, não sendo, portanto, suspeitada EI. Os pacientes do Grupo 1, embora tivessem grave enfermidade aguda, não apresentaram apresentação clínica compatível com EI clássica. Hemoculturas foram feitas em apenas 64,5% dos pacientes do Grupo 1, porém, isolou-se bactérias em 70% e dentre os isolados, predominou o Staphylococcus aureus (71,4%. Foram predominantemente acometidas as válvulas mitral e aórtica. Complicações como embolização e insuficiência cardíaca ocorreram em quase metade dos casos e eles também apresentaram infecções pulmonares, urinárias e do sistema nervoso central. Praticamente todos os casos fatais de EI, que tiveram este diagnóstico apenas à necrópsia, foram submetidos a procedimentos médicos. Sepse aconteceu em aproximadamente metade dos pacientes e mostrou-se acompanhada de choque em mais de 25%. Esta forma de EI deve ser suspeitada em pacientes de idade madura ou idosos, hospitalizados, com doenças que predispõem a infecções, com embolização e que sofreram procedimentos médicos.

Luiz Tadeu M. FIGUEIREDO

2001-08-01

118

Infective endocarditis (IE) first diagnosed at autopsy: analysis of 31 cases in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil / Endocardite infecciosa (EI) com diagnóstico feito apenas à necrópsia: análise de 31 casos ocorridos entre 1992 e 1997, em Ribeirão Preto, Brasil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Trinta e um casos fatais de EI, que tiveram este diagnóstico apenas à necrópsia, foram analisados. Os dados clínicos destes pacientes (Grupo 1) mostrou diferenças significantes quando comparados aos de outros 141 casos de EI (Grupo 2). A idade média de 53 anos nos pacientes do Grupo 1 foi 18 anos ma [...] is alta que nos do Grupo 2. Os pacientes do Grupo 1 tiveram uma baixa freqüência de cardiopatias predisponentes à EI. Ambos os grupos de pacientes apresentaram febre (aproximadamente 87%), mas uma significante baixa freqüência de sopro cardíaco (25,8%) foi observado no Grupo 1, provavelmente, em conseqüência disto, o ecocardiograma foi efetuado em apenas 16,1% dos casos, não sendo, portanto, suspeitada EI. Os pacientes do Grupo 1, embora tivessem grave enfermidade aguda, não apresentaram apresentação clínica compatível com EI clássica. Hemoculturas foram feitas em apenas 64,5% dos pacientes do Grupo 1, porém, isolou-se bactérias em 70% e dentre os isolados, predominou o Staphylococcus aureus (71,4%). Foram predominantemente acometidas as válvulas mitral e aórtica. Complicações como embolização e insuficiência cardíaca ocorreram em quase metade dos casos e eles também apresentaram infecções pulmonares, urinárias e do sistema nervoso central. Praticamente todos os casos fatais de EI, que tiveram este diagnóstico apenas à necrópsia, foram submetidos a procedimentos médicos. Sepse aconteceu em aproximadamente metade dos pacientes e mostrou-se acompanhada de choque em mais de 25%. Esta forma de EI deve ser suspeitada em pacientes de idade madura ou idosos, hospitalizados, com doenças que predispõem a infecções, com embolização e que sofreram procedimentos médicos. Abstract in english Thirty one infective endocarditis (IE) fatal cases whose diagnosis was first obtained at autopsy were studied. The clinical data of these patients (Group 1) showed significant differences compared to other 141 IE cases (Group 2). The average age of 53 years in Group 1 patients was 18 years higher th [...] an that of Group 2. The Group 1 patients had a low frequency of IE predisposing heart disease. Both patient groups presented fever (about 87%), but a significant low frequency of cardiac murmur (25.8%) was observed in Group 1 patients and echocardiography tests were performed in only 16.1%, suggesting that IE diagnosis was not suspected. Likewise, although most Group 1 patients appeared with severe acute illness, they did not present the classic IE clinical presentation. Blood cultures were performed in only 64.5% of the Group 1 patients. However, bacteria were isolated in 70% of these blood cultures and Staphylococcus aureus was isolated in 71.4%. The bacteria attacked mitral and aortic valves. Complications such as embolizations and cardiac failure occurred in almost half of the cases and they also presented with infections of the lungs, urinary tract, and central nervous system. Medical procedures were performed in practically all fatal cases whose diagnosis was first obtained at autopsy. Sepsis occurred in about half of the patients and it was followed by shock in more than 25%. This form of IE must be suspected in mature and in old febrile hospitalized patients having infection predisposing diseases, embolization, and suffering medical procedures.

Luiz Tadeu M., FIGUEIREDO; Everaldo, RUIZ-JUNIOR; Tarciso, SCHIRMBECK.

2001-08-01

119

Endocarditis infecciosa por Listeria monocytogenes: revisión de la literatura a partir de un caso clínico / Infective endocarditis caused by Listeria monocytogenes: review of the literature and a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La endocarditis infecciosa por Listeria monocytogenes es una enfermedad extremadamente infrecuente, pero usualmente agresiva. Se ha observado en los últimos años un aumento en la edad de presentación y una predilección por pacientes con enfermedad valvular, especialmente válvula protésica. El tratam [...] iento de elección es ampicilina combinada con un aminoglucósido para obtener sinergismo. Aun con un tratamiento adecuado, la mortalidad es elevada y mayor que en otros tipos de endocarditis bacteriana. Con una terapia óptima, incluyendo la resolución quirúrgica, la mortalidad ha disminuido significativamente en los últimos años. Se presenta una revisión de la literatura científica a partir de un caso clínico de un paciente con un síndrome febril en el que se diagnosticó una endocarditis por L. monocytogenesque fue tratada en forma médica con un resultado exitoso. Abstract in english Infective endocarditis caused by Listeria monocytogenesis an extremely rare but usually aggressive disease. We have seen in recent years an increase in age of onset of this disease and a predilection for patients with valvular disease, especially prosthetic valve. The treatment of choice is ampicill [...] in, which is combined with gentamicin for synergy. It is known that even with treatment the mortality is very high and higher than in other types of bacterial endocarditis. With optimal therapy, that is medical-surgical, mortality has declined significantly in recent years. We presents a review of the literature and a clinical case of a patient with a febrile syndrome diagnosed as a infective endocarditis caused by L. monocytogenestreated medically with successful outcome to date.

Arnaldo, Marín; Nicole, Lustig; Ricardo, Cruz; Samuel, Córdova.

2013-08-01

120

Usefulness of thrombocytopenia at admission as a prognostic marker in native valve left-sided infective endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

In-hospital mortality of patients with infective endocarditis (IE) remains exceedingly high. Quick recognition of parameters accurately identifying high-risk patients is of paramount importance. The objective of this study was to analyze the incidence and severity of thrombocytopenia at presentation and its prognostic impact in patients with native valve left-sided IE. We studied a cohort of 533 consecutive episodes of native valve left-sided IE prospectively recruited. We distinguished 2 groups: group I (n = 175), episodes who had thrombocytopenia at admission, and group II (n = 358) gathered all the episodes who did not. Thrombocytopenia at admission was defined as a platelet count of <150,000/?l. No differences were found in the need for surgery, but in-hospital mortality was significantly higher in patients with thrombocytopenia (p <0.001). Mortality rate was associated with the degree of thrombocytopenia (p <0.001). In the multivariable analysis, thrombocytopenia at admission was an independent predictor of higher mortality (p = 0.002). A synergistic interaction between thrombocytopenia and Staphylococcus aureus on mortality risk was also observed (p = 0.04). In conclusion, thrombocytopenia at admission is an early risk marker of increased mortality in patients with native valve left-sided IE. Mortality rates increased with increasing severity of thrombocytopenia. Thrombocytopenia at admission should be used as an early marker for risk stratification in patients with native valve IE to identify those at risk of complicated in-hospital evolution and increased mortality. PMID:25708863

Ferrera, Carlos; Vilacosta, Isidre; Fernández, Cristina; López, Javier; Sarriá, Cristina; Olmos, Carmen; Vivas, David; Sáez, Carmen; Sánchez-Enrique, Cristina; Ortiz, Carlos; San Román, José Alberto

2015-04-01

121

The importance of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging in valve surgery for active infective endocarditis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Valve surgery for active infective endocarditis (IE) can cause fatal brain hemorrhage. Our current study aimed to evaluate the incidence of septic cerebral lesions in active IE patients by performing preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including T2*-weighted sequences and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) before urgent valve surgery, and to investigate whether such preoperative evaluation affects postoperative outcomes. Eighteen patients were referred to our department for native valve IE during 2006-2010. Urgent surgery was indicated in cases of hemodynamic failure resulting from valve destruction, refractory sepsis, and mobile vegetations measuring >10 mm. For these patients, we performed preoperative MRI and MRA. Males comprised 67% of the subjects, with average age 53±15 years. No clinical evidence of acute stroke was noted. Of the 18 patients, urgent surgery was indicated in 15; of these, 10 (67%) showed a brain lesion related to IE: 6 patients had acute or subacute brain infarctions, 2 patients had brain infarction with brain abscess, and 2 patients had hemorrhagic brain infarction and so did not undergo urgent surgery. Thus, 13 patients underwent urgent valve surgery. Among the 5 patients who did not undergo urgent surgery, 4 patients later underwent valve surgery for healed IE. No hospital deaths or neurological complications occurred. MRI of patients with active IE revealed a high incidence of cerebral lesions caused by IE. The use ofcerebral lesions caused by IE. The use of MRI to detect septic embolism and intracerebral hemorrhage may provide important information for better surgical outcomes. (author)

122

Balloon aortic valvuloplasty in pregnancy with severe aortic stenosis and infective endocarditis  

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Full Text Available Twenty seven year old lady, previously diagnosed to have aortic stenosis, presented to the obstetric outpatient department at 19 weeks of gestation with fever and breathlessness, NYHA class 4, for one week. Two D Echo revealed left ventricular hypertrophy, a severely stenosed, calcified bicuspid aortic valve, with vegetations on aortic and mitral valves and severe mitral regurgitation. Blood cultures grew nutrionally variant streptococci and she was treated with crystalline penicillin and gentamicin. She stabilised clinically by 21 weeks, by which time, the risk of termination of pregnancy was comparable to continuing the pregnancy. She underwent balloon aortic valvuloplasty. Post balloon aortic valvuloplasty, she was stable. At 34+2 weeks, she underwent emergency LSCS, the indication being intrauterine growth restriction with fetal compromise and breech presentation. She delivered a baby girl, 1.6 kg, Apgar 9 & 10. Our case report highlights the fact that a timely, balloon aortic valvuloplasty can be life saving for patients with pregnancy complicated by severe aortic stenosis and infective endocarditis. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2012; 1(1.000: 69-71

Vinotha

2012-12-01

123

Infective endocarditis complicated by splenic rupture and fatal intra-abdominal haemorrhage  

OpenAIRE

This case report describes a rare presentation of Streptococcus mitis endocarditis of the aortic and mitral valves, complicated by spontaneous splenic rupture due to splenic infarction, which led to massive intra-abdominal bleeding and ultimately death.

Khan, Muhammad Fayaz; Ghani, Saqib

2009-01-01

124

The clinical impacts of apparent embolic event and the predictors of in-hospital mortality in patients with infective endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Embolic event is a common and important complication of infective endocarditis (IE). The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical impacts of embolic event in patients with IE and the predictors of in-hospital mortality. Data was collected in Pusan National University Hospital and Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital between January 2009 and December 2010. One hundred ten patients were included. Embolic events occur in 39 of 110 patients (35.5%). Brain (n = 18, 38.5%) was the main site of embolic infarction. Patients with embolism showed higher in-hospital mortality (46.2% vs. 8.5%, respectively, P = 0.03), more frequent ICU admission (53.8% vs. 35.2%, respectively, P = 0.045) and more accompanying other cardiac complication (43.6% vs. 21.1%, respectively, P = 0.017). The in-hospital mortality rate was 18.2%. On the logistic regression analysis of the predictors for in-hospital mortality, age (RR, 1.079; 95% CI, 1.036-1.123, P = 0.001), embolic event (RR, 3.510; 95% CI, 1.271-9.69, P = 0.015) and staphylococcal infection (RR, 5.098; 95% CI, 1.308-18.508, P = 0.023) were independently associated with in-hospital mortality. Embolic events in IE are associated with poor in-hospital outcome; and these data about embolic events and the predictors of in-hospital mortality may improve the management of this disease in hospitals. PMID:25469064

Lee, Su Jin; Jeon, Doosoo; Cho, Woo Hyun; Kim, Yun Seong

2014-12-01

125

Aortic root replacement with a mechanical valve and prosthetic conduit for the complicated degeneration of the ascending aorta resulting from infective endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 28-year-old man with infective endocarditis of the aortic valve underwent a course of antibiotic therapy, but developed severe aortic root deformity requiring aortic root replacement with a mechanical composite valve conduit. Of note, this patient had undergone a previous aortic valve operation for bicuspid valve stenosis, and indurations and fragility of the aortic root caused by the preceding operation may have contributed to subsequent aortic root deformity during the course of infective endocarditis of the aortic valve. Over the 7-year follow-up period, the patient showed no signs of recurrent infection or new cardiac events. For younger patients with endocarditis, the use of a mechanical valve and prosthetic conduit with sufficient surgical debridement and appropriate antibiotic therapy appears to be a safe and effective treatment strategy. PMID:17954997

Inaba, Hirotaka; Kaneko, Tatsuo; Ezure, Masahiko; Sato, Yasushi; Hasegawa, Yutaka; Shibasaki, Ikuko

2007-10-01

126

Endocarditis Due to Rare and Fastidious Bacteria  

OpenAIRE

The etiologic diagnosis of infective endocarditis is easily made in the presence of continuous bacteremia with gram-positive cocci. However, the blood culture may contain a bacterium rarely associated with endocarditis, such as Lactobacillus spp., Klebsiella spp., or nontoxigenic Corynebacterium, Salmonella, Gemella, Campylobacter, Aeromonas, Yersinia, Nocardia, Pasteurella, Listeria, or Erysipelothrix spp., that requires further investigation to establish the relationship with endocarditis, ...

Brouqui, P.; Raoult, D.

2001-01-01

127

Impact of harmonic imaging on transthoracic echocardiographic identification of infective endocarditis and its complications  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: To evaluate the comparative diagnostic value of harmonic imaging (HI) in the assessment of patients with suspected infective endocarditis (IE). Setting: Tertiary referral centre. Design: 139 consecutive patients were evaluated with three imaging modalities: transthoracic echocardiography with fundamental imaging (FI); HI; and transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE). Image quality was assessed for each modality by semiquantitative scoring (0, poor, to 3, excellent). Presence, dimension, and characteristics of vegetations were assessed separately for each imaging modality, as well as presence of abscesses. Results: 35 patients had definite IE. TOE was positive in 33 patients, HI in 28, and FI in 12 (p < 0.001 for FI v HI and v TOE). Mean image quality was 1.4 (0.7) for FI, 2.1 (0.6) for HI (p < 0.01 v FI), and 2.6 (0.4) for TOE (p < 0.001 v HI). The association between FI and TOE findings was ? ?=? 0.35 (?2 ?=? 17.57, p ?=? 0.0014) and between HI and TOE it was ? ?=? 0.95 (?2 ?=? 125.72, p < 0.0001; p < 0.0001 v FI). The global echo score of vegetations was 7.1 (3.3) with FI, 8.5 (3.4) with HI, and 11.3 (3.9) with TOE (p < 0.001 v HI). Compared with TOE, FI identified only one of seven abscesses (sensitivity 14%) and HI identified two of seven abscesses (sensitivity 28%). Conclusions: HI provides an accurate assessment of suspected IE. TOE achieves superior definition of IE related abnormalities. PMID:15710712

Chirillo, F; Pedrocco, A; De Leo, A; Bruni, A; Totis, O; Meneghetti, P; Stritoni, P

2005-01-01

128

Prevalence of infective endocarditis in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia : the value of screening with echocardiography  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Aims Staphylococcus aureus infective endocarditis (IE) is a critical medical condition associated with a high morbidity and mortality. In the present study, we prospectively evaluated the importance of screening with echocardiography in an unselected S. aureus bacteraemia (SAB) population. Methods and results From 1 January 2009 to 31 August 2010, a total of 244 patients with SAB at six Danish hospitals underwent screening echocardiography. The inclusion rate was 73% of all eligible patients (n= 336), and 53 of the 244 included patients (22%; 95% CI: 17–27%) were diagnosed with definite IE. In patients with native heart valves the prevalence was 19% (95% CI: 14–25%) compared with 38% (95% CI: 20–55%) in patients with prosthetic heart valves and/or cardiac rhythm management devices (P= 0.02). No difference was found between Main Regional Hospitals and Tertiary Cardiac Hospitals, 20 vs. 23%, respectively (NS). The prevalence of IE in high-risk patients with one or more predisposing condition or clinical evidence of IE were significantly higher compared with low-risk patients with no additional risk factors (38 vs. 5%; P < 0.001). IE was associated with a higher 6 months mortality, 14(26%) vs. 28(15%) in SAB patients without IE, respectively (P < 0.05). Conclusion SAB patients carry a high risk for development of IE, which is associated with a worse prognosis compared with uncomplicated SAB. The presenting symptoms and clinical findings associated with IE are often non-specific and echocardiography should always be considered as part of the initial evaluation of SAB patients.

Rasmussen, Rasmus V; HØst, Ulla

2011-01-01

129

Calcific embolization with infective endocarditis involving the posterior mitral leaflet in a patient with underlying hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of infective endocarditis (IE) involving the posterior mitral leaflet (PML) with calcific embolization in a patient with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). Amongst HOCM patients with IE, the anterior mitral leaflet and basal septal myocardium are almost always involved due to the endocardial damage caused by recurrent outflow obstruction and valvular regurgitation. The management of our patient was complicated by moderate mitral stenosis, repeated calcific embolic strokes, dynamic left ventricular outflow track obstruction, and respiratory failure due to flash pulmonary edema. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of PML involvement in HOCM presenting in this manner. PMID:25030330

Lather, Navneet; Niziolek, Kyle; Toth, Peter; Harris, David M

2015-02-01

130

From cat scratch disease to endocarditis, the possible natural history of Bartonella henselae infection  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Most patients with infectious endocarditis (IE) due to Bartonella henselae have a history of exposure to cats and pre-existing heart valve lesions. To date, none of the reported patients have had a history of typical cat scratch disease (CSD) which is also a manifestation of infection with B. henselae. Case presentation Here we report the case of a patient who had CSD and six months later developed IE of the mitral valve caused by B. henselae. Conclusion Based on this uniq...

Raoult Didier; Collart Frédéric; Habib Gilbert; Lepidi Hubert; Gouriet Frédérique

2007-01-01

131

Brucella endocarditis.  

OpenAIRE

Brucella endocarditis is an underdiagnosed, fatal complication of human brucellosis. Four successfully treated cases of Brucella endocarditis are reported. The development of a new valvar lesion and bulky vegetations seen on echocardiography helped to identify Brucella endocarditis occurring during systemic brucellosis. The aortic valve was affected in all four patients, and in one the mitral valve was also affected. Medical treatment did not cure the patients and all needed valve replacement...

Jeroudi, M. O.; Halim, M. A.; Harder, E. J.; Al-siba I, M. B.; Ziady, G.; Mercer, E. N.

1987-01-01

132

Small Colony variants of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from a patient with infective endocarditis: a case report and review of the literature  

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Full Text Available Staphylococcus aureus produces a particular morphological variant called small colony variant(SCV which is responsible for persistent subclinical infections in predisposed individuals and is usually resistant to aminoglycosides and cell wall active antibiotics. Infections by SCV of S. aureus is an upcoming problem due to difficulty in laboratory diagnosis and resistance to antimicrobial chemotherapy. We here report a case of infective endocarditis caused by SCV of Staphylococcus aureus in a pediatric patient.

Sayan Bhattacharyya

2012-06-01

133

Bacteremia and Infective Endocarditis Caused by a Non-Daptomycin-Susceptible, Vancomycin-Intermediate, and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Strain in Taiwan?  

OpenAIRE

We describe the development of nonsusceptibility to daptomycin and vancomycin during treatment for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia associated with infective endocarditis and probable septic thrombophlebitis in a uremic patient. MRSA bacteremia persisted during glycopeptide and subsequent daptomycin treatment but cleared after 5 days' treatment with linezolid and fusidic acid.

Huang, Yu-tsung; Hsiao, Cheng-hsiang; Liao, Chun-hsing; Lee, Chung-wei; Hsueh, Po-ren

2008-01-01

134

Fulminant endocarditis and disseminated infection caused by carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in a renal-pancreas transplant recipient.  

Science.gov (United States)

Acinetobacter baumannii is an important cause of healthcare-associated infections, and is particularly problematic among patients who undergo organ transplantation. We describe a case of fulminant sepsis caused by carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii harboring the blaOXA-23 carbapenemase gene and belonging to international clone II. This isolate led to the death of a patient 6 days after simultaneous kidney-pancreas transplantation. Autopsy findings revealed acute mitral valve endocarditis, myocarditis, splenic and renal emboli, peritonitis, and pneumonia. This case highlights the severe nature of certain A. baumannii infections and the vulnerability of transplanted patients to the increasingly intractable "high-risk" clones of multidrug-resistant organisms. PMID:25661804

Patel, G; Perez, F; Hujer, A M; Rudin, S D; Augustine, J J; Jacobs, G H; Jacobs, M R; Bonomo, R A

2015-04-01

135

Morbimortalidad de la endocarditis infecciosa asociada a dispositivos electrónicos implantables permanentes / Morbimortality of infective endocarditis associated with permanent cardiovascular implantable electronic devices  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available La endocarditis infecciosa (EI) asociada a dispositivos electrónicos implantables permanentes (DEIP) es una complicación de baja frecuencia pero alta mortalidad sin el tratamiento adecuado. El avance sobre el conocimiento de esta patología y el desarrollo de estrategias terapéuticas como el diagnóst [...] ico precoz, manejo de antibióticos, técnicas de extracción, entre otras, han mejorado el pronóstico de estos pacientes. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron evaluar la morbimortalidad intrahospitalaria y alejada y analizar algunos factores que justifican las diferencias con los datos de la mortalidad publicada. Se estudiaron en forma retrospectiva pacientes entre marzo/2002 y marzo/2011 con diagnóstico de EI asociada a DEIP. Se analizaron características basales, diagnósticas, terapéuticas, evolución intrahospitalaria y alejada. Se incluyeron 26 casos atendidos en nuestro hospital, 23 de los cuales fueron remitidos desde otros centros para su diagnóstico y tratamiento. La edad promedio fue de 67,5 años. Todos los pacientes recibieron antibióticos durante seis semanas y se les retiró el sistema en forma completa; en el 95% de los pacientes por vía percutánea y en 2 pacientes se requirió estereotomía mediana, atriotomía y colocación de marcapasos epicardíaco. La mortalidad fue del 4% y en el seguimiento fue nula. La morbilidad intrahospitalaria fue del 31%. En el seguimiento alejado no hubo reinfecciones u otra complicación. Como conclusión la EI es un cuadro grave que presenta una morbilidad elevada con estadías hospitalarias prolongadas, pero la mortalidad es baja. La explicación podría estar en las técnicas percutáneas, experiencia, extracción completa, el tiempo del reimplante del nuevo dispositivo y el tratamiento precoz, entre otros factores. Abstract in english Infective endocarditis (IE) associated with permanent cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) is a complication of low frequency, but high mortality without adequate treatment. Progress on the knowledge of this disease and the development of therapeutic strategies such as early diagnos [...] is, antibiotic management and better extraction techniques, among others, have improved the prognosis of these patients. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the in-hospital and out-of-hospital morbidity, and analyze some factors that explain the differences among the published mortality data. Patients diagnosed with IE associated with CIEDs were studied, retrospectively, between March/2002 and March/2011. We analyzed baseline, diagnostic and therapeutic characteristics, and in-hospital and out-of-hospital courses of the disease. We included 26 cases treated in our hospital, 23 of whom were referred from other centers for diagnosis and treatment. The average age of the patients was 67.5 years. All patients received antibiotics for six weeks and underwent complete removal of the device system, in 95% of patients by percutaneous extraction and 2 patients required a median sternotomy, atriotomy and epicardial pacemaker placement. Mortality was 4% and the follow up mortality was zero. The in-hospital morbidity was 31%. In the follow-ups there were no reinfections or other complications. In conclusion, IE is a serious condition that has a high morbidity with prolonged hospital stays, but with a low mortality. The explanation may lie in the use percutaneous extraction techniques, experience, complete extraction of the device system, the time of reimplantation of the new device and early treatment, among other factors.

Gabriel, Pérez-Baztarrica; Flavio, Salvaggio; Norberto, Blanco; Héctor, Mazzetti; Ricardo, Levin; Alejandro, Botbol; Rafael, Porcile.

2013-12-01

136

Surgical treatment for infective endocarditis and hospital mortality in a Brazilian single-center Tratamento cirúrgico para endocardite infecciosa e mortalidade hospitalar em centro único brasileiro  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: We evaluated patients underwent cardiac valve surgery in the presence of infective endocarditis in an attempt to identify independent predictors of 30-day mortality. METHODS: We evaluated 837 consecutive patients underwent cardiac valve surgery from January 2003 to May 2010 in a tertiary hospital in São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo (SP, Brazil. The study group comprised patients who underwent intervention in the presence of infective endocarditis and was compared to the control group (without infective endocarditis, evaluating perioperative clinical outcomes and 30-day all cause mortality. RESULTS: In our series, 64 patients (8% underwent cardiac valve surgery in the presence of infective endocarditis, and 37.5% of them had surgical intervention in multiple valves. The study group had prolonged ICU length of stay (16%, greater need for dialysis (9% and higher 30-day mortality (17% compared to the control group (7%, P=0.020; 2%, P=0.002 and 9%, P=0.038; respectively. In a Cox regression analysis, age (P = 0.007, acute kidney injury (P = 0.004, dialysis (P = 0.026, redo surgery (P = 0.026, re-exploration for bleeding (P = 0.013, tracheal reintubation (P OBJETIVO: Avaliamos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia valvar em vigência de endocardite infecciosa na tentativa de identificar preditores independentes de mortalidade intrahospitalar em 30 dias. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 837 pacientes consecutivamente submetidos à cirurgia valvar, no período de janeiro de 2003 a maio de 2010, em um hospital terciário de São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brasil. O Grupo de Estudo compreendeu indivíduos submetidos à intervenção em vigência de endocardite infecciosa e foi comparado ao Grupo Controle, considerando complicações clínicas perioperatórias e óbito por todas as causas em 30 dias. RESULTADOS: Em nossa casuística, 64 (8% pacientes foram submetidos à cirurgia valvar em vigência de endocardite infecciosa, sendo 37,5% deles com indicação de intervenção cirúrgica em múltiplas valvas. O Grupo de Estudo apresentou maior permanência em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (16%, necessidade de diálise (9% e maior mortalidade em 30 dias (17% comparado ao Grupo Controle (7%, P=0,020; 2%, P=0,002 e 9%, P=0,038; respectivamente. A análise de regressão de Cox confirmou idade (P=0,007, lesão renal aguda (P=0,004, diálise (P=0,026, reoperação (P=0,026, reintervenção por sangramento (P=0,013, reintubação orotraqueal (P<0,001 e lesão neurológica tipo I (P<0,001 como preditores independentes para óbito. Embora a manifestação de endocardite infecciosa influencie na mortalidade na análise univariada, a regressão de Cox não confirmou tal variável como preditor independente de óbito em nossa casuística. CONCLUSÃO: Idade e complicações perioperatórias destacam-se como preditores de mortalidade hospitalar em população brasileira. Cirurgia valvar em vigência de infecção ativa não se confirma como preditor independente de óbito nesta casuística.

Maurício Nassau Machado

2013-03-01

137

Aneurisma infectado de artéria braquial após endocardite infecciosa de valva mitral Infected aneurysm of brachial artery after mitral valve infective endocarditis  

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Full Text Available Apresentamos um caso de aneurisma infectado de artéria braquial em paciente com endocardite infecciosa por Streptococcus bovis. Homem de 49 anos de idade se apresentou com febre, dispnéia e sopro regurgitativo em foco mitral com irradiação para axila. O ecocardiograma demonstrou vegetação em valva mitral nativa. Após troca valvar mitral com implante de prótese biológica, observou-se massa pulsátil de cinco centímetros de diâmetro em fossa antecubital direita. Foi feito o diagnóstico de aneurisma infectado de artéria braquial, e o tratamento cirúrgico foi realizado com sucesso. O objetivo desse relato de caso é apresentar uma complicação pouco comum após endocardite infecciosa.We present a case of brachial artery infected aneurysm in a patient with infective endocarditis caused by Streptococcus bovis. A 49-year-old man presented with fever dyspnea and a pansystolic murmur with irradiation to axilla. The echocardiogram revealed vegetation in native mitral valve. After mitral valve replacement with bioprosthesis, it was observed pulsatile mass of five centimeters in diameter at antecubital fossa of right upper limb. It was made the diagnosis of infected aneurysm of the brachial artery, and the surgery was performed successfully. The aim of this case report is to show a rare complication after infective endocarditis.

Heraldo Guedis Lobo Filho

2011-03-01

138

Gemella morbillorum Endocarditis  

Science.gov (United States)

Infective endocarditis caused by Gemella morbillorum is a rare disease. In this report 67-year-old male patient with G. morbillorum endocarditis was presented. The patient was hospitalized as he had a fever of unknown origin and in the two of the three sets of blood cultures taken at the first day of hospitalization G. morbillorum was identified. The transthoracic echogram revealed 14 × 10?mm vegetation on the aortic noncoronary cuspis. After 4 weeks of antibiotic therapy, the case was referred to the clinic of cardiovascular surgery for valve surgery. PMID:25544914

Ural, Serap; Gul Yurtsever, Sureyya; Ormen, Bahar; Turker, Nesrin; Kaptan, Figen; El, Sibel; Akyildiz, Zehra Ilke; Coskun, Nejat Ali

2014-01-01

139

Complicaciones posoperatorias y mortalidad en pacientes operados por endocarditis infecciosa Postoperative complications and mortality observed in patients operated on from infective endocarditis  

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Full Text Available Objetivo: describir las causas de morbilidad y mortalidad perioperatorias en los pacientes afectos de endocarditis infecciosa activa y significar cómo pueden ser disminuidas. Métodos: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de las complicaciones posoperatorias y mortalidad en 139 pacientes operados por presentar endocarditis infecciosa en un período de 16 años. Se efectuaron 147 operaciones a los 139 pacientes de las cuales 83 (57,1 % fueron electivas y 64 (42,9 % fueron de urgencia. El 24 % de los pacientes fueron remitidos de otros centros en los que habían sido sometidos a tratamiento médico no exitoso por más de 4 semanas. Resultados: las operaciones efectuadas fueron: Sustituciones valvulares aórticas,mitrales y tricuspídeas 75 (41,1 %, extracción de electrodos de marcapasos o desfibriladores automáticos implantables del ventrículo derecho 57 (41 % , otras operaciones en número de 7 (4,9 %y 8 reintervenciones. La complicación más frecuente fue la sepsis generalizada (10,07 % pObjective: To describe the causes of perioperative morbidity and mortality of patients suffering active infectious endocarditis and to explain how both aspects can be reduced. Methods: A retrospective study of postoperative complications and mortality observed in 139 patients operated on from infectious endocarditis in 16 years. One hundred forty seven surgeries were performed, of which 83 (57.1 % were elective and 64 (42.9 % were emergency surgeries. In this group, 24 % had been referred from other medical centers where they had been unsuccessfully treated for 4 weeks. Results: The performed surgeries comprised 15 aortic, mitral and tricuspid valve replacements, 57 (41 % removals of pacemaker electrodes or of implanted automatic defibrillators in the right ventricle, seven other types of surgeries and 8 reoperations. The most frequent complication was generalized sepsis ((10.07 % p< 0.01, followed by the low heart output and postoperative bleeding. The main causes of death were congestive heart failure in 13 patients (9.3 %, p< 0. 02 and generalized sepsis in 5 patients (3.6 %. The mortality rates presented in this study (16.4 % were associated to several factors such as functional class, since 12.2 % of patients were classified into the functional class III-IV of the New York Heart Association. The mortality rate was higher in those patients who had been unsuccessfully treated for over 4 years (n= 13, 56.5 %. Low mortality is noticeable (2.1 % in patients with infectious endocarditis as a result of pacemaker electrodes or cables, or of implanted automatic defibrillators. Conclusions: Early diagnosis, implementation of an intensive antibiotic treatment, early performance of surgery together with rigorous homeostasis results in a stagger reduction of mortality and morbidity in infectious endocarditis surgeries.

Joaquín Gómez Armando Gonga

2013-03-01

140

Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis presenting as acute scrotal pain.  

OpenAIRE

A previously healthy 17 year old boy had Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis presenting as acute scrotal pain. There was no trauma or evidence of scrotal or epididymal infection. The pain subsided after therapy for endocarditis was started.

Watanakunakorn, C.

1987-01-01

141

A case of culture-negative endocarditis due to Streptococcus tigurinus.  

Science.gov (United States)

Culture-negative endocarditis remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge despite recent medical advances. Streptococcus tigurinus, a novel member of the Streptococcus mitis group, was first identified in Zurich. S. tigurinus possesses virulence determinants and causes invasive infections. We report a case of culture-negative endocarditis with serious complications due to S. tigurinus, which was identified by 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequence analysis of excised valve tissue specimens. This technique is useful for identification of the causative microorganism in patients with culture-negative endocarditis and may facilitate early diagnosis and appropriate antimicrobial treatment. PMID:25240269

Kanamori, Hajime; Kakuta, Risako; Yano, Hisakazu; Suzuki, Tomoyuki; Gu, Yoshiaki; Oe, Chihiro; Inomata, Shinya; Aoyagi, Tetsuji; Hatta, Masumitsu; Endo, Shiro; Tokuda, Koichi; Weber, David J; Nakamura, Yasuhiro; Saiki, Yoshikatsu; Kaku, Mitsuo

2015-02-01

142

Endocardite infecciosa por Haemophilus aphrophilus: relato de caso / Infective endocarditis due to Haemophilus aphrophilus: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever o caso de uma criança com endocardite infecciosa causada por Haemophilus aphrophilus. DESCRIÇÃO: Menino com febre e calafrios há 20 dias. À internação, apresentava-se febril, descorado e sem sinais de instabilidade hemodinâmica; à ausculta cardíaca, tinha sopro holosistólico em f [...] oco mitral. Os exames laboratoriais identificaram anemia (hemoglobina = 9,14 g/dL), leucócitos totais de 11.920 mm³, plaquetas de 250.000 mm³, velocidade de sedimentação das hemácias e proteína C reativa elevadas. O ecocardiograma revelou imagem em válvula mitral, sugestiva de vegetação. Com a hipótese de endocardite, foi iniciada antibioticoterapia com penicilina cristalina (200.000 UI/kg/dia) associada à gentamicina (4 mg/kg/dia). No terceiro dia de tratamento, foi identificado Haemophilus aphrophilus em hemoculturas, sendo então trocado o esquema antibiótico para ceftriaxona (100 mg/kg/dia). No 20º dia de internação, encontrava-se pálido, mas sem febre e sem outras queixas. Os exames mostravam hemoglobina = 7,0 g/dL, leucócitos = 2.190 mm³, plaquetas = 98.000 mm³, razão normatizada internacional = 1,95 e R = 1,89. Foi feita hipótese de reação adversa ao ceftriaxona, que foi substituído por ciprofloxacina, 20 mg/kg/dia, até completar 6 semanas de tratamento. Após 72 horas da troca, houve normalização dos exames. Durante seguimento ambulatorial, apresentou insuficiência mitral grave, sendo submetido a troca de válvula por prótese metálica 9 meses após quadro agudo. Há 3 anos encontra-se bem, em acompanhamento ambulatorial. COMENTÁRIOS: É rara a identificação de agentes do grupo HACEK (Haemophilus ssp, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Cardiobacterium hominis, Eikenella corrodens e Kingella kingae) em crianças com endocardite infecciosa. O caso apresentado, sem fatores de risco relacionados a esses agentes, reafirma a necessidade de tentar sempre identificar o agente etiológico das endocardites para adequação do tratamento. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To report the case of a child with infective endocarditis caused by Haemophilus aphrophilus. DESCRIPTION: Boy with 20 days of fever and chills. On admission, he was febrile, pale and with no signs of hemodynamic instability; on cardiac auscultation, a mitral-related holosystolic murmur wa [...] s observed. Laboratory examination identified anemia (hemoglobin = 9.14 g/dL), total leukocytes of 11,920 mm³, platelets of 250,000 mm³, elevated sedimentation velocity of red cells and elevated C-reactive protein. The echocardiogram revealed image on mitral valve, resembling vegetation. Considering endocarditis, antibiotic therapy was started with crystalline penicillin (200,000 UI/kg/day) in association with gentamicin (4 mg/kg/day). On the third day of treatment, Haemophilus aphrophilus was identified in the blood cultures and the antibiotic scheme was replaced with ceftriaxone (100 mg/kg/day). On the 20th day of evolution, the patient was pale but with no fever or other complaints. Examinations showed hemoglobin = 7.0 g/dL, leukocytes = 2,190 mm³, platelets = 98,000 mm³, international normalized ratio = 1.95 and R = 1.89. Considering the hypothesis of adverse reaction to ceftriaxone, a 6-week replacement treatment with ciprofloxacin (20 mg/kg/day) was started. Examination results normalized after 72 hours of the replacement therapy. During ambulatory follow-up, patient presented with severe mitral regurgitation, undergoing a valve replacement with a metallic prosthetic valve 9 months after acute event. Patient has done well throughout the 3-year ambulatory follow-up. COMMENTS: Identification of agents of the HACEK group (Haemophilus ssp, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans,Cardiobacterium hominis, Eikenella corrodens and Kingella kingae) in children with infective endocarditis is rare. This case report, with no HACEK agent-related risk factors, reinforces the need for identification of the etiological agent of endocarditis to ensure adequate treatment.

Ricardo M., Pereira; Fabio, Bucaretchi; Antonia T., Tresoldi.

2008-04-01

143

The role of FDG-PET/CT imaging in early detection of extra-cardiac complications of infective endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The exact incidence of extra-cardiac complications (ECC) in patients with infective endocarditis (IE) is unknown but presumed to be high. These patients, although mostly asymptomatic, may require a more aggressive therapeutic approach. (18)fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) is used for the diagnosis of infections, but its role in the early diagnosis of IE complications is still unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the role of FDG-PET/CT in the early diagnosis of ECC in IE and its implications for medical management. We prospectively studied 40 consecutive patients with a confirmed diagnosis of IE (according to the modified Duke criteria) who underwent a whole body FDG-PET/CT study within 14 days from diagnosis. The FDG-PET/CT demonstrated ECC in 17 (42.5%) patients, while 8 (38.1%) of them were asymptomatic. The most frequent embolic sites were musculoskeletal and splenic. Owing to the FDG-PET/CT findings, treatment planning was modified in 14 (35%) patients. This included antibiotic treatment prolongation (27.5%), referral to surgical procedures (15%) and, most substantially, prevention of unnecessary device extraction (17.7%). According to our experiences, FDG-PET/CT imaging was useful in the detection of embolic and metastatic infections in IE. This clinical information had a significant diagnostic and therapeutic impact in managing IE disease. PMID:25636930

Orvin, K; Goldberg, E; Bernstine, H; Groshar, D; Sagie, A; Kornowski, R; Bishara, J

2015-01-01

144

Synergistic Activity of Ceftobiprole and Vancomycin in a Rat Model of Infective Endocarditis Caused by Methicillin-Resistant and Glycopeptide-Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus  

OpenAIRE

The therapeutic activity of ceftobiprole medocaril, the prodrug of ceftobiprole, was compared to that of vancomycin, daptomycin, and the combination of a subtherapeutic dose of ceftobiprole and vancomycin in a rat model of infective endocarditis due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (ATCC 43300) or glycopeptide-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (GISA) (NRS4 and HIP 5836) strains. The minimum bactericidal concentrations of ceftobiprole, vancomycin, and daptomycin at bacter...

Fernandez, Jeffrey; Abbanat, Darren; Shang, Wenchi; He, Wenping; Amsler, Karen; Hastings, James; Queenan, Anne Marie; Melton, John L.; Barron, Alfred M.; Flamm, Robert K.; Lynch, A. Simon

2012-01-01

145

Synergistic activity of ceftobiprole and vancomycin in a rat model of infective endocarditis caused by methicillin-resistant and glycopeptide-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus.  

Science.gov (United States)

The therapeutic activity of ceftobiprole medocaril, the prodrug of ceftobiprole, was compared to that of vancomycin, daptomycin, and the combination of a subtherapeutic dose of ceftobiprole and vancomycin in a rat model of infective endocarditis due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (ATCC 43300) or glycopeptide-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (GISA) (NRS4 and HIP 5836) strains. The minimum bactericidal concentrations of ceftobiprole, vancomycin, and daptomycin at bacterial cell densities similar to those encountered in the cardiac vegetation in the rat endocarditis model were 2, >64, and 8 ?g/ml, respectively, for MRSA ATCC 43300 and 4, >64, and 8 ?g/ml, respectively, for the GISA strain. Ceftobiprole medocaril administered in doses of 100 mg/kg of body weight given intravenously (i.v.) twice a day (BID) every 8 h (q8h) (equivalent to a human therapeutic dose of ceftobiprole [500 mg given three times a day [TID]) was the most effective monotherapy, eradicating nearly 5 log(10) CFU/g MRSA or 6 log(10) CFU/g GISA organisms from the cardiac vegetation and had the highest incidence of sterile vegetation compared to the other monotherapies in the endocarditis model. In in vitro time-kill studies, synergistic effects were observed with ceftobiprole and vancomycin on MRSA and GISA strains, and in vivo synergy was noted with combinations of subtherapeutic doses of these agents for the same strains. Additionally, sterile vegetations were achieved in 33 and 60%, respectively, of the animals infected with MRSA ATCC 43300 or GISA NRS4 receiving ceftobiprole-vancomycin combination therapy. In summary, ceftobiprole was efficacious both as monotherapy and in combination with vancomycin in treating MRSA and GISA infections in a rat infective endocarditis model and warrants further evaluation. PMID:22232278

Fernandez, Jeffrey; Abbanat, Darren; Shang, Wenchi; He, Wenping; Amsler, Karen; Hastings, James; Queenan, Anne Marie; Melton, John L; Barron, Alfred M; Flamm, Robert K; Lynch, A Simon

2012-03-01

146

Índice de risco de mortalidade por endocardite infecciosa: um modelo logístico multivariado / Risk index for death by infective endocarditis: a multivariate logistic model  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Os objetivos do presente trabalho foram identificar variáveis preditivas de mortalidade hospitalar em endocardite infecciosa e criar fórmula matemática para cálculo do risco de óbito e um escore de risco, comparando os dois métodos com a curva ROC. MÉTODO: Foram estudados, retrospectivamen [...] te, 186 casos consecutivos de endocardite infecciosa (EI) confirmados, divididos em dois grupos: alta (137) e óbito hospitalar (49). A partir das razões das chances obtidas em análise multivariada, foram criados: uma fórmula para cálculo do risco de óbito e um escore de risco. RESULTADOS: Fatores preditivos de maior mortalidade (análise multivariada) e o escore de risco com seus respectivos pesos foram: idade > 40 anos (RC = 4.16-95%I.C. [1.63,10.80] - 4 pontos), insuficiência cardíaca classe IV ou choque cardiovascular (RC = 4.93 - 95%I.C. [1.86,13.05] - 5 pontos), sepsis não-controlada (RC =5.97 - 95%I.C. [1.95,18.35] - 6 pontos), distúrbio de condução (RC = 5.07-95%I.C. [1.67,15.35] - 5 pontos), arritmia (RC = 8.17 - 95%I.C. [2.60,25.71] - 8 pontos), valva com grande destruição ou abscesso ou prótese (RC = 4.77-95%I.C. [1.44,15.76] - 5 pontos), e vegetação grande e móvel (RC = 4.36-95%I.C. [1.55,12.90] - 4 pontos). Pacientes com escore entre 0 e 10 tiveram 5,26% de MT e maior que 20: 78,9%. CONCLUSÕES: Quanto maior o escore, maior é a mortalidade, complemente-se, ainda, que a estimativa de mortalidade obtida por cálculo ou pelo escore é semelhante. É possível utilizar software para facilitar a aplicação do escore e calcular risco de mortalidade por endocardite infecciosa. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at identifying predictive variables for in-hospital mortality, calculating the probability of death and creating a risk index for death by infective endocarditis by comparing two methods using a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve. METHODS: A retrospective study [...] was conducted of 186 consecutive cases of confirmed infective endocarditis divided into two groups: discharged (137) and in-hospital death (49). Based on the odds ratios obtained by multivariate analysis, the probability of death was calculated and a mortality risk index created. RESULTS: Factors predictive of higher mortality (multivariate analysis) and the risk index, with their repective weights were: age > 40 years (OR = 4.16; 95%CI [1.63-10.80] - 4 points), class IV heart failure or cardiovascular shock (OR = 4.93; 95%CI [1.86-13.05] - 5 points), uncontrolled sepsis (OR = 5.97; 95%CI [1.95-18.35] - 6 points), conduction disorder (OR = 5.07; 95%CI [1.67-15.35] - 5 points), arrhythmia (OR = 8.17; 95%CI [2.60-25.71] - 8 points), valve with extensive damage or abscess or prosthesis (OR = 4.77; 95%CI [1.44-15.76] - 5 points) and large and mobile vegetation (OR = 4.36; 95%CI [1.55-12.90] - 4 points). Patients with scores between 0 and 10 had a mortality of 5.26% and scores over 20 of 78.9%. CONCLUSIONS: The higher the score, the higher the mortality rate. The mortality risk index may be used to estimate mortality in Infective Endocarditis.

Mário Augusto Cray da, Costa; Darley Rugery, Wollmann Jr; Antonio Carlos Ligoski, Campos; Cláudio Leinig Pereira da, Cunha; Roberto Gomes de, Carvalho; Dalton Francisco de, Andrade; Danton Richilin Rocha, Loures.

2007-06-01

147

Índice de risco de mortalidade por endocardite infecciosa: um modelo logístico multivariado Risk index for death by infective endocarditis: a multivariate logistic model  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Os objetivos do presente trabalho foram identificar variáveis preditivas de mortalidade hospitalar em endocardite infecciosa e criar fórmula matemática para cálculo do risco de óbito e um escore de risco, comparando os dois métodos com a curva ROC. MÉTODO: Foram estudados, retrospectivamente, 186 casos consecutivos de endocardite infecciosa (EI confirmados, divididos em dois grupos: alta (137 e óbito hospitalar (49. A partir das razões das chances obtidas em análise multivariada, foram criados: uma fórmula para cálculo do risco de óbito e um escore de risco. RESULTADOS: Fatores preditivos de maior mortalidade (análise multivariada e o escore de risco com seus respectivos pesos foram: idade > 40 anos (RC = 4.16-95%I.C. [1.63,10.80] - 4 pontos, insuficiência cardíaca classe IV ou choque cardiovascular (RC = 4.93 - 95%I.C. [1.86,13.05] - 5 pontos, sepsis não-controlada (RC =5.97 - 95%I.C. [1.95,18.35] - 6 pontos, distúrbio de condução (RC = 5.07-95%I.C. [1.67,15.35] - 5 pontos, arritmia (RC = 8.17 - 95%I.C. [2.60,25.71] - 8 pontos, valva com grande destruição ou abscesso ou prótese (RC = 4.77-95%I.C. [1.44,15.76] - 5 pontos, e vegetação grande e móvel (RC = 4.36-95%I.C. [1.55,12.90] - 4 pontos. Pacientes com escore entre 0 e 10 tiveram 5,26% de MT e maior que 20: 78,9%. CONCLUSÕES: Quanto maior o escore, maior é a mortalidade, complemente-se, ainda, que a estimativa de mortalidade obtida por cálculo ou pelo escore é semelhante. É possível utilizar software para facilitar a aplicação do escore e calcular risco de mortalidade por endocardite infecciosa.OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at identifying predictive variables for in-hospital mortality, calculating the probability of death and creating a risk index for death by infective endocarditis by comparing two methods using a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC curve. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of 186 consecutive cases of confirmed infective endocarditis divided into two groups: discharged (137 and in-hospital death (49. Based on the odds ratios obtained by multivariate analysis, the probability of death was calculated and a mortality risk index created. RESULTS: Factors predictive of higher mortality (multivariate analysis and the risk index, with their repective weights were: age > 40 years (OR = 4.16; 95%CI [1.63-10.80] - 4 points, class IV heart failure or cardiovascular shock (OR = 4.93; 95%CI [1.86-13.05] - 5 points, uncontrolled sepsis (OR = 5.97; 95%CI [1.95-18.35] - 6 points, conduction disorder (OR = 5.07; 95%CI [1.67-15.35] - 5 points, arrhythmia (OR = 8.17; 95%CI [2.60-25.71] - 8 points, valve with extensive damage or abscess or prosthesis (OR = 4.77; 95%CI [1.44-15.76] - 5 points and large and mobile vegetation (OR = 4.36; 95%CI [1.55-12.90] - 4 points. Patients with scores between 0 and 10 had a mortality of 5.26% and scores over 20 of 78.9%. CONCLUSIONS: The higher the score, the higher the mortality rate. The mortality risk index may be used to estimate mortality in Infective Endocarditis.

Mário Augusto Cray da Costa

2007-06-01

148

Endocarditis infecciosa: características clínicas, complicaciones y mortalidad en 506 pacientes y factores pronósticos de sobrevida a 10 años (1998-2008. Estudio cooperativo nacional en endocarditis infecciosa en Chile (ECNEI-2 Clinical characteristics, complications and mortality in 506 patients with infective endocarditis and determinants of survival rate at 10 years  

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Full Text Available Background: Rates ofmorbidity and mortality in Infective Endocarditis (IE remain high and prognosis in this disease is still difficult and uncertain. Aim: To study IE in Chile in its active phase during inpatient hospital stay and long term survival rates. Material and Methods: Observational prospective national cohort study of 506 consecutive patients included between June 1,1998 and July 31, 2008, from 37 Chilean hospitals (secondary and tertiary centers nationwide. Results: The main findings were the presence of Rheumatic valve disease in 22.1 % of patients, a history of intravenous drug abuse (IVDA only in 0.7%, the presence of Staphylo-coccus aureus in 29.2% of blood cultures, negative blood cultures in 33.2%, heart failure in 51.7% and native valve involvement in 86% ofpatients. Echocardiographic diagnosis was achieved in 94% of patients. Hospital mortality was 26.1% and its prognostics factors were persisting infection (Odds ratio (OR 6.43, Confidence Interval (CI 1.45-28.33%, failure of medical treatment and no surgical intervention (OR 48.8; CI 6.67-349.9. Five and 10 years survival rates were 75.6 and 48.6%, respectively. The significant prognostic factors for long term mortality, determined by multivariate analysis were the presence of diabetes, Staphylococcus aureus infection, sepsis, heart failure, renal failure and lack of surgical treatment during the IE episode. Conclusions: The microbiologic diagnosis of IE must be urgently improved in Chile. Mortality rates are still high (26.1% partly because of a high incidence of negative blood cultures and the need for more surgical valve interventions during in-hospital period. Long term prognostic factors for mortality should be identified early to improve outcome.

Miguel Oyonarte

2012-12-01

149

Endocarditis infecciosa: características clínicas, complicaciones y mortalidad en 506 pacientes y factores pronósticos de sobrevida a 10 años (1998-2008). Estudio cooperativo nacional en endocarditis infecciosa en Chile (ECNEI-2) / Clinical characteristics, complications and mortality in 506 patients with infective endocarditis and determinants of survival rate at 10 years  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: Rates ofmorbidity and mortality in Infective Endocarditis (IE) remain high and prognosis in this disease is still difficult and uncertain. Aim: To study IE in Chile in its active phase during inpatient hospital stay and long term survival rates. Material and Methods: Observational prospe [...] ctive national cohort study of 506 consecutive patients included between June 1,1998 and July 31, 2008, from 37 Chilean hospitals (secondary and tertiary centers) nationwide. Results: The main findings were the presence of Rheumatic valve disease in 22.1 % of patients, a history of intravenous drug abuse (IVDA) only in 0.7%, the presence of Staphylo-coccus aureus in 29.2% of blood cultures, negative blood cultures in 33.2%, heart failure in 51.7% and native valve involvement in 86% ofpatients. Echocardiographic diagnosis was achieved in 94% of patients. Hospital mortality was 26.1% and its prognostics factors were persisting infection (Odds ratio (OR) 6.43, Confidence Interval (CI) 1.45-28.33%), failure of medical treatment and no surgical intervention (OR 48.8; CI 6.67-349.9). Five and 10 years survival rates were 75.6 and 48.6%, respectively. The significant prognostic factors for long term mortality, determined by multivariate analysis were the presence of diabetes, Staphylococcus aureus infection, sepsis, heart failure, renal failure and lack of surgical treatment during the IE episode. Conclusions: The microbiologic diagnosis of IE must be urgently improved in Chile. Mortality rates are still high (26.1%) partly because of a high incidence of negative blood cultures and the need for more surgical valve interventions during in-hospital period. Long term prognostic factors for mortality should be identified early to improve outcome.

Miguel, Oyonarte; Rodrigo, Montagna; Sandra, Braun; Pamela, Rojo; José L, Jara; Mauricio, Cereceda; Marcelo, Morales; Carolina, Nazal; Faustino, Alonso.

1517-15-01

150

Bivalvular Bartonella henselae Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis?  

OpenAIRE

Prosthetic valve endocarditis is an uncommon manifestation of infection with Bartonella species. Herein, we report a case of Bartonella henselae endocarditis involving prosthetic mitral and aortic valves. The patient had a favorable outcome with combined medical and surgical therapy. Concomitant crescentic glomerulonephritis led to an initial mistaken diagnosis of Wegener's granulomatosis.

Vikram, Holenarasipur R.; Bacani, A. Kirstin; Devaleria, Patrick A.; Cunningham, Scott A.; Cockerill, Franklin R.

2007-01-01

151

Unusual case of Aeromonas hydrophila endocarditis.  

OpenAIRE

We describe a case of Aeromonas hydrophila endocarditis in a 66-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndrome and non-A, non-B hepatitis, The infection resolved with antibiotic therapy, but the patient succumbed to complications of his underlying illness. This is the second case of Aeromonas endocarditis reported in the world literature.

Ong, K. R.; Sordillo, E.; Frankel, E.

1991-01-01

152

Infective endocarditis: long-term reversibility of kidney function impairment. A 1-y post-discharge follow-up study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The aim of this study was to quantify the long-term reversibility of kidney function decrease occurring during hospitalization and treatment for infective endocarditis (IE). A prospective observational cohort study was performed at a tertiary university hospital in Copenhagen from October 2002 through May 2008; 223 consecutive IE patients were included. Forty patients died in hospital and 38 within 1 y of discharge. Of the 145 patients called in for the 1-y follow-up, 111 accepted. Kidney function was assessed by estimated endogenous creatinine clearance (EECC). Statistical correlation between EECC at admission, discharge and follow-up, as well as correlations between gentamicin and EECC changes, were analyzed. In the 111 follow-up patients, the bacteriological aetiologies were: Streptococcus species (47.7%), Enterococcus (16.2%) and Staphylococcus aureus (11.7%). The mean EECC decrease from admission to discharge was 8.4% (95% confidence interval 1.6-15.2; p 22%. In conclusion, kidney function impairment occurring during hospitalization for IE is potentially reversible within the first y post-discharge.

Buchholtz, Kristine; Larsen, Carsten T

2010-01-01

153

C-reactive protein, Rheumatoid factor and circulatory immune complex as markers for monitoring treatment of infective endocarditis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of serum C-reactive protein (CRP), rheumatoid factor (RF) and circulatory immune complex (CIC) determinations in monitoring the outcome of infective endocarditis (IE). Methodology: In this prospective analytic descriptive study CRP, RF and CIC were measured on admission and 4 weeks after initiation of standard antibiotic regimen in 30 hospitalized patients with IE in an educational hospital between 2006 and 2007 in Ahvaz a city south west Iran . Duke criteria were used for diagnosis of IE. CRP and RF were examined using quantitative neflometry (Binding site kit, UK) and CIC was detected by semi quantitative immune diffusion (Baharafshan SIRD kit, Iran). Data were evaluated using statistical analyses in SPSS (version 12, USA) software for windows. Results: The fall in serum C-reactive protein or RF was significant (P=0.05). Only two of the 30 patients, who had elevated CRP, RF and CIC week four failed to response and one needed cardiac surgery. Conclusions: The C-reactive protein proved to be a good tool for monitoring the treatment of IE. Also RF proved useful in the assessment of patients with IE, but the value of CIC was negligible. (author)

154

Polymicrobial endocarditis in intravenous heroin and fentanyl abuse.  

Science.gov (United States)

Infective endocarditis is a life threatening condition with a high mortality rate. Intravenous Drug Abusers (IVDA) are more likely to acquire endocarditis. Most of the cases of infective endocarditis are caused by a single pathogen; cases of polymicrobial endocarditis are rare and they are associated with a reported mortality rate of more than 30%. Only 21 cases of N. sicca endocarditis have been described in the literature since 1918, and only 15 reported cases of endocarditis which involved Actinomyces species have been reported since 1939. We are reporting a case of a 49-year-old male with intravenous heroin and fentanyl abuse, who presented with infective endocarditis caused by Neisseria sicca/subflava(N. sicca), Actinomyces, Streptococcus mitis, and Haemophilus parainfluenzae, complicated by septic emboli to the lungs and skin, ARDS , splenic infarct and immunocomplex mediated proliferative glomerulonephritis. PMID:24551699

Mehrzad, Raman; Sublette, Marcus; Barza, Michael

2013-12-01

155

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae endocarditis and presumed osteomyelitis  

OpenAIRE

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is known to cause infections in humans following exposure to decaying organic matter or animals colonized with the organism, such as swine and fish. Invasive infections with this organism are unusual and are manifested primarily as infective endocarditis. The present report is believed to be the first to report a case of E rhusiopathiae endocarditis and presumptive osteomyelitis. E rhusiopathiae appears to have intrinsic resistance to vancomycin. Because vancomyci...

Romney, Marc; Cheung, Stephen; Montessori, Valentina

2001-01-01

156

[Antibiotic prevention of bacterial endocarditis].  

Science.gov (United States)

Infective endocarditis is a serious disease and should be, if possible, prevented. Two risk groups are classified in relation to the patient's underlying cardiac lesions. At high risk are patients with prosthetic valves or with a previous infective endocarditis. Patients with congenital and acquired heart disease, mitral valve prolapse with regurgitation and hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy are at moderate risk. Patients of these two groups should receive antibiotic prophylaxis before dental or surgical procedures that cause bacteremia. For patients at moderate risk a single dose of an orally administered antibiotic should be given one hour before the procedure (e.g. amoxicillin 3 g for procedures of the oropharyngeal, gastrointestinal or genitourinary tract, where the causitive agents of endocarditis are Viridans streptococci or enterococci). Multiple doses are recommended for patients at high risk. The combination of amoxicillin and gentamicin (vancomycin and gentamicin in penicillin-allergic patients) offers the widest margin of safety in high-risk patients. PMID:1858064

Flückiger, U; Malinverni, R; Francioli, P

1991-04-01

157

Incidence and Outcome of Documented Fungal Endocarditis  

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Background: Fungal endocarditis, the most severe form of infective endocarditis, is characterized by excessive mortality and morbidity. Objectives: The present study aimed to analyze the characteristics of fungal endocarditis to improve the management of these patients. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, vegetations on the mitral or tricuspid valves and embolic material surgically removed from the patients with suspected infective endocarditis between December 2009 and November 2011 were examined for fungal infection by direct smear and culture, and the susceptibility patterns of the isolated species were determined. Then, blood samples were cultured on BACTEC media and real-time PCR was done with blood and tissue samples. Results: Of the 31 patients with suspected infective endocarditis who did not respond to antibacterial therapy, 11 had confirmed fungal endocarditis. The most frequent predisposing risk factors were previous surgery and drug abuse. The organisms isolated were Aspergillus spp. and Candida albicans. Resistance to amphotericin B and itraconazole was observed in Aspergillus species, and to fluconazole in Candida albicans. Positive PCR results were obtained in blood and tissue samples. Conclusions: Fungal endocarditis should be considered in the patients not responsive to antimicrobials. Moreover, management of these patients can be improved with molecular diagnostic methods and by determining the susceptibility patterns of the etiologic agents. PMID:25614858

Badiee, Parisa; Amirghofran, Ahmad Ali; Ghazi Nour, Mohammad; Shafa, Masih; Nemati, Mohammad Hassan

2014-01-01

158

Self-administered outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (S-OPAT) for infective endocarditis: A safe and effective model.  

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The safety and efficacy of treatment of infectious endocarditis (IE) was evaluated within a program of hospital-in-home (HIH) based on self-administered outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (S-OPAT). IE episodes (n=48 in 45 patients; 71% middle-aged males) were recruited into the HIH program between 1998 and 2012. Following treatment stabilization at the hospital they returned home for HIH in which a physician and/or a nurse supervised the S-OPAT. Safety and efficacy were evaluated as mortality, re-occurrence, and unexpected re-admission to hospital. Of the episodes of IE, 83.3% had comorbidities with a mean score of 2.3 on the Charlson index and 1.5 on the Profund index; 60.4% had pre-existing valve disease (58.6% having had surgical intervention); 8.3% of patients had suffered a previous IE episode; 62.5% of all episodes affected a native valve; 45.8% being mitral; 70.8% of infection derived from the community. In 75% of the episodes there was micro-organism growth, of which 83.3% were Gram positive. Overall duration of antibiotic treatment was 4.8weeks; 60.4% of this time corresponding to HIH. Re-admission occurred in 12.5% of episodes of which 33.3% returned to HIH to complete the S-OPAT. No deaths occurred during HIH. One year after discharge, 2 patients had recurrence and 5 patients died, in 2 of whom previous IE as cause-of-death could not be excluded. In conclusion, the S-OPAT schedule of hospital-in-home is safe and efficacious in selected patients with IE. PMID:25596808

Pajarón, Marcos; Fernández-Miera, Manuel F; Allende, Iciar; Arnaiz, Ana M; Gutiérrez-Cuadra, Manuel; Cobo-Belaustegui, Manuel; Armiñanzas, Carlos; de Berrazueta, Jose R; Fariñas, Maria C; Sanroma, Pedro

2015-03-01

159

Long-term outcome of infective endocarditis: A study on patients surviving over one year after the initial episode treated in a Finnish teaching hospital during 25 years  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Only a few previous studies have focused on the long-term prognosis of the patients with infective endocarditis (IE). Our purpose was to delineate factors potentially associated with the long-term outcome of IE, recurrences of IE and requirement for late valve surgery. Methods A total of 326 episodes of IE in 303 patients were treated during 1980–2004 in the Turku University Hospital. We evaluated the long-term outcome and requirement for late valve surgery for 243 of th...

Engblom Erik; Metsärinne Kaj; Savunen Timo; Hurme Saija; Helenius Hans; Heiro Maija; Nikoskelainen Jukka; Kotilainen Pirkko

2008-01-01

160

Abiotrophia defectiva endocarditis presenting with hemiplegia  

OpenAIRE

Abiotrophia defectiva was previously known as a member of the nutritionally variant streptococcus (NVS). This microorganism is a member of the normal flora of mouth, urogenital and intestinal tracts. It causes various infections such as bacteriemia, brain abscess, septic arthritis and rarely infective endocarditis. Only < 1% of all cases of endocarditis are caused by A. defectiva.A 23 year old previously healthy female was admitted to emergency department for left hemiplegia. On physical exam...

Yasemin Akkoyunlu; Meryem Iraz; Gulsen Kocaman; Bahadir Ceylan; Cemalettin Aydin; Turan Aslan

2013-01-01

161

Heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate susceptibility in a community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus epidemic clone, in a case of Infective Endocarditis in Argentina  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Community-Associated Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA has traditionally been related to skin and soft tissue infections in healthy young patients. However, it has now emerged as responsible for severe infections worldwide, for which vancomycin is one of the mainstays of treatment. Infective endocarditis (IE due to CA-MRSA with heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate susceptibility-(h-VISA has been recently reported, associated to an epidemic USA 300 CA-MRSA clone. Case Presentation We describe the occurrence of h-VISA phenotype in a case of IE caused by a strain belonging to an epidemic CA-MRSA clone, distinct from USA300, for the first time in Argentina. The isolate h-VISA (SaB2 was recovered from a patient with persistent bacteraemia after a 7-day therapy with vancomycin, which evolved to fatal case of IE complicated with brain abscesses. The initial isolate-(SaB1 was fully vancomycin susceptible (VSSA. Although MRSA SaB2 was vancomycin susceptible (?2 ?g/ml by MIC (agar and broth dilution, E-test and VITEK 2, a slight increase of MIC values between SaB1 and SaB2 isolates was detected by the four MIC methods, particularly for teicoplanin. Moreover, Sab2 was classified as h-VISA by three different screening methods [MHA5T-screening agar, Macromethod-E-test-(MET and by GRD E-test] and confirmed by population analysis profile-(PAP. In addition, a significant increase in cell-wall thickness was revealed for SaB2 by electron microscopy. Molecular typing showed that both strains, SaB1 and SaB2, belonged to ST5 lineage, carried SCCmecIV, lacked Panton-Valentine leukocidin-(PVL genes and had indistinguishable PFGE patterns (subtype I2, thereby confirming their isogenic nature. In addition, they were clonally related to the epidemic CA-MRSA clone (pulsotype I detected in our country. Conclusions This report demonstrates the ability of this epidemic CA-MRSA clone, disseminated in some regions of Argentina, to produce severe and rapidly fatal infections such as IE, in addition to its ability to acquire low-level vancomycin resistance; for these reasons, it constitutes a new challenge for the Healthcare System of this country.

Vindel Ana

2011-04-01

162

Candidatus Bartonella mayotimonensis and Endocarditis  

OpenAIRE

We describe a new Bartonella species for which we propose the name Candidatus Bartonella mayotimonensis. It was isolated from native aortic valve tissue of a person with infective endocarditis. The new species was identified by using PCR amplification and sequencing of 5 genes (16S rRNA gene, ftsZ, rpoB, gltA, and internal transcribed spacer region).

Lin, Eleanor Y.; Tsigrelis, Constantine; Baddour, Larry M.; Lepidi, Hubert; Rolain, Jean-marc; Patel, Robin; Raoult, Didier

2010-01-01

163

Native valve infective endocarditis due to Achromobacter xylosoxidans in an apparently immunocompetent individual  

OpenAIRE

A 79-year-old woman presented with fever, lethargy and weight loss. Clinically, the patient was confused, frail and had a systolic murmur. Her temperature was 38 °C and she remained persistently febrile. Initial investigations revealed neutrophilia with an elevated C reactive protein level. Multiple peripheral blood cultures grew Achromobacter xylosoxidans, a Gram-negative rod, which is a very rare cause of infection in patients who are immunocompetent. Subsequent transoesophageal echocardio...

Storey, Anna; Wilson, Anne; Mcwilliams, Eric

2010-01-01

164

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae endocarditis and presumed osteomyelitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is known to cause infections in humans following exposure to decaying organic matter or animals colonized with the organism, such as swine and fish. Invasive infections with this organism are unusual and are manifested primarily as infective endocarditis. The present report is believed to be the first to report a case of E rhusiopathiae endocarditis and presumptive osteomyelitis. E rhusiopathiae appears to have intrinsic resistance to vancomycin. Because vancomycin is often used empirically for the treatment of endocarditis, rapid differentiation of E rhusiopathiae from other Gram-positive organisms is critical. In patients with endocarditis caused by a Gram-positive bacillus and epidemiological risk factors for E rhusiopathiae exposure, empirical treatment with vancomycin should be reconsidered. PMID:18159347

Romney, M; Cheung, S; Montessori, V

2001-07-01

165

Challenge in the management of infective endocarditis with multiple valvular involvement / Desafio no manejo clínico da endocardite infecciosa com acometimento multivalvar  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Paciente do sexo masculino, 41 anos, portador de cardiopatia congênita apresentando-se com endocardite infecciosa (EI) e vegetações nas valvas pulmonar, aórtica e mitral. Três trocas valvares foram realizadas, mas o paciente evoluiu com recidiva da infecção, desenvolvendo abscesso na região da fibro [...] sa intervalvar mitro-aórtica progredindo para sépsis e óbito. Nesse relato, discutimos brevemente as indicações para a cirurgia na EI, destacando sua indicação no tratamento da infecção não controlada. Abstract in english We describe the case of a 41-year-old man with congenital heart disease and infective endocarditis (IE), who presented multiple vegetations attached to the pulmonary, mitral, and aortic valves. Three valve replacements were performed, but the patient developed an abscess at the mitral-aortic interva [...] lvular fibrosa and died due to sepsis. We briefly discuss the indications for surgery in IE, emphasizing its role in the treatment of uncontrolled infection.

Izabella Rodrigues de, Araújo; Maria do Carmo Pereira, Nunes; Claudio Leo, Gelape; Vinicius Tostes, Carvalho; Benone Evaristo Rezende Araújo, Lacerda; Gustavo Brandão de, Oliveira; Luiza Caldeira, Brant; Teresa Cristina Abreu, Ferrari.

2012-04-01

166

Meningite e endocardite infecciosa causada por Rhodotorula mucilaginosa em paciente imunocompetente / Meningitis and infective endocarditis caused by Rhodotorula mucilaginosa in an immunocompetent patient  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Os autores relatam o caso de um homem imunocompetente admitido com comprometimento agudo do sistema nervoso, crise hipertensiva e insuficiência renal, vindo a receber diagnóstico de meningite e endocardite infecciosa por Rhodotorula mucilaginosa. Até onde sabemos, esta é a primeira descrição de infe [...] cção simultânea das meninges e do endotélio causada por Rhodotorula em um paciente sem comprometimento imunológico. Abstract in english The authors report the case of an immunocompetent man who presented with acute impairment of the neurological system, hypertensive crisis and renal failure. The patient was eventually diagnosed with Rhodotorula mucilaginosa meningitis and infective endocarditis. To the best of our knowledge, this is [...] the first description of simultaneous infection of the meninges and endothelium caused by Rhodotorula in a non-immunocompromised patient.

Sergio Henrique, Loss; Ana Carolina Peçanha, Antonio; Cíntia, Roehrig; Priscylla Souza, Castro; Juçara Gasparetto, Maccari.

2011-12-01

167

Challenge in the management of infective endocarditis with multiple valvular involvement Desafio no manejo clínico da endocardite infecciosa com acometimento multivalvar  

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Full Text Available We describe the case of a 41-year-old man with congenital heart disease and infective endocarditis (IE, who presented multiple vegetations attached to the pulmonary, mitral, and aortic valves. Three valve replacements were performed, but the patient developed an abscess at the mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa and died due to sepsis. We briefly discuss the indications for surgery in IE, emphasizing its role in the treatment of uncontrolled infection.Paciente do sexo masculino, 41 anos, portador de cardiopatia congênita apresentando-se com endocardite infecciosa (EI e vegetações nas valvas pulmonar, aórtica e mitral. Três trocas valvares foram realizadas, mas o paciente evoluiu com recidiva da infecção, desenvolvendo abscesso na região da fibrosa intervalvar mitro-aórtica progredindo para sépsis e óbito. Nesse relato, discutimos brevemente as indicações para a cirurgia na EI, destacando sua indicação no tratamento da infecção não controlada.

Izabella Rodrigues de Araújo

2012-04-01

168

Short-term and one-year outcome of infective endocarditis in adult patients treated in a Finnish teaching hospital during 1980–2004  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies on factors predicting the prognosis of infective endocarditis have given somewhat conflicting results. Our aim was to define the factors predicting the outcome of patients treated in a Finnish teaching hospital. Methods A total of 326 episodes of infective endocarditis in 303 patients treated during 1980–2004 were evaluated for short-term and 1-year outcome and complications. Results Infection of 2 native valves and the occurrence of neurological complications, peripheral emboli, or heart failure significantly predicted both in-hospital and 1-year mortality, while age ?65 years or the presence of a major criterion or vegetation on echocardiography predicted death within 1 year. A significant trend was observed between the level of serum C-reactive protein (CRP on admission and both the short-term and 1-year outcome. In the patients who had CRP values ?100 mg/l on admission, the hazard ratio for in-hospital death was 2.9-fold and the hazard ratio for 1-year death was 3.9-fold as compared to those with lower CRP values. Male sex and age Streptococcus pneumoniae as the causative agent or infection of 2 native valves predicted a need for surgery within 1 year from admission. Conclusion Some of the factors (e.g. heart failure, neurological complications, peripheral emboli predicting a poor prognosis and/or need for surgery were the same observed in previous studies. A new finding was that high CRP values (?100 mg/l on admission significantly predicted both short-term and 1-year mortality.

Engblom Erik

2007-07-01

169

Short-term and one-year outcome of infective endocarditis in adult patients treated in a Finnish teaching hospital during 1980–2004  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Previous studies on factors predicting the prognosis of infective endocarditis have given somewhat conflicting results. Our aim was to define the factors predicting the outcome of patients treated in a Finnish teaching hospital. Methods A total of 326 episodes of infective endocarditis in 303 patients treated during 1980–2004 were evaluated for short-term and 1-year outcome and complications. Results Infection of 2 native valves and the occurrence of neurological complications, peripheral emboli, or heart failure significantly predicted both in-hospital and 1-year mortality, while age ?65 years or the presence of a major criterion or vegetation on echocardiography predicted death within 1 year. A significant trend was observed between the level of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) on admission and both the short-term and 1-year outcome. In the patients who had CRP values ?100 mg/l on admission, the hazard ratio for in-hospital death was 2.9-fold and the hazard ratio for 1-year death was 3.9-fold as compared to those with lower CRP values. Male sex and age < 64 years significantly predicted a need for both in-hospital and 1-year surgery, as did the development of heart failure or the presence of a major criterion or vegetation on echocardiography. Peripheral emboli were associated with a need for in-hospital surgery, while Streptococcus pneumoniae as the causative agent or infection of 2 native valves predicted a need for surgery within 1 year from admission. Conclusion Some of the factors (e.g. heart failure, neurological complications, peripheral emboli) predicting a poor prognosis and/or need for surgery were the same observed in previous studies. A new finding was that high CRP values (?100 mg/l) on admission significantly predicted both short-term and 1-year mortality. PMID:17640339

Heiro, Maija; Helenius, Hans; Hurme, Saija; Savunen, Timo; Engblom, Erik; Nikoskelainen, Jukka; Kotilainen, Pirkko

2007-01-01

170

Mycotic aneurysm of the tibioperoneal trunk: a first manifestation of an infected endocarditis Aneurisma micótico de tronco tíbio-fibular: a primeira manifestação de uma endocardite infecciosa  

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Full Text Available Infrapopliteal mycotic aneurysm resulting from endocarditis is rare, with only a few reported cases. We describe the case of a 28-year-old male patient who was suffering with pain and edema in the right leg. The ultrasound revealed an aneurysm of the right tibioperoneal trunk and a deep vein thrombosis (DVT. The patient was admitted and developed acute congestive heart failure, being diagnosed with possible endocarditis. A pseudo-aneurysm was revealed by arteriography. Aggressive antibiotic treatment was initiated, and open surgery confirmed a mycotic pseudo-aneurysm of the tibioperoneal trunk. To our knowledge, this is the 8th case reported of an infected aneurysm in this particular location.Aneurisma micótico infra-poplíteo resultante de endocardite infecciosa é raro, com apenas alguns casos relatados. Descrevemos o caso de um paciente de 28 anos do sexo masculino que apresentou dor e edema na perna direita. A ultrassonografia demonstrou um aneurisma do tronco tíbio-fibular e trombose venosa profunda do membro inferior direito. O paciente foi internado e desenvolveu falência cardíaca aguda, sendo diagnosticado de endocardite bacteriana. Um pseudo-aneurisma foi evidenciado na arteriografia. Antibioticoterapia agressiva foi iniciada e cirurgia aberta confirmou um pseudo-aneurisma micótico do tronco tibio-fibular. Para o nosso conhecimento, este é o oitavo caso relatado de aneurisma infectado localizado especificamente nesta região.

Sergio Quilici Belczak

2012-06-01

171

Mycotic aneurysm of the tibioperoneal trunk: a first manifestation of an infected endocarditis / Aneurisma micótico de tronco tíbio-fibular: a primeira manifestação de uma endocardite infecciosa  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Aneurisma micótico infra-poplíteo resultante de endocardite infecciosa é raro, com apenas alguns casos relatados. Descrevemos o caso de um paciente de 28 anos do sexo masculino que apresentou dor e edema na perna direita. A ultrassonografia demonstrou um aneurisma do tronco tíbio-fibular e trombose [...] venosa profunda do membro inferior direito. O paciente foi internado e desenvolveu falência cardíaca aguda, sendo diagnosticado de endocardite bacteriana. Um pseudo-aneurisma foi evidenciado na arteriografia. Antibioticoterapia agressiva foi iniciada e cirurgia aberta confirmou um pseudo-aneurisma micótico do tronco tibio-fibular. Para o nosso conhecimento, este é o oitavo caso relatado de aneurisma infectado localizado especificamente nesta região. Abstract in english Infrapopliteal mycotic aneurysm resulting from endocarditis is rare, with only a few reported cases. We describe the case of a 28-year-old male patient who was suffering with pain and edema in the right leg. The ultrasound revealed an aneurysm of the right tibioperoneal trunk and a deep vein thrombo [...] sis (DVT). The patient was admitted and developed acute congestive heart failure, being diagnosed with possible endocarditis. A pseudo-aneurysm was revealed by arteriography. Aggressive antibiotic treatment was initiated, and open surgery confirmed a mycotic pseudo-aneurysm of the tibioperoneal trunk. To our knowledge, this is the 8th case reported of an infected aneurysm in this particular location.

Sergio Quilici, Belczak; Igor Rafael, Sincos; Marcelo Passos, Teivelis; Carlos Alberto Sian de, Oliveira; Hélio, Fragoso; Ricardo, Aun.

2012-06-01

172

Prosthetic valve sewing-ring sealing with antibiotic and fibrin glue in infective endocarditis. A prospective clinical study.  

Science.gov (United States)

To analyze the benefits of prosthetic valve sewing ring sealing with antibiotic and fibrin glue in endocarditis, a prospective study was undertaken in 16 consecutive patients. Valvular lesions concerned aortic valve in seven patients, mitral valve in three and both in six. Preoperative antibiotic treatment was started 15+/-15 days before surgery. Peroperative findings showed six isolated valvular lesions and ten perivalvular extensions. Before the prostheses were sutured to the annulus, the Dacron sewing rings were covered with antibiotic and fibrin glue. The antibiotic was chosen according to the micro-organism identified preoperatively. We didn't have any peroperative mortality or paravalvular leakage (PVL). One patient died suddenly on postoperative day (POD) nine (non-contributive autopsy). Another patient was reoperated on POD 31 for PVL. Peroperative local bacteriological examinations were sterile. Mean follow-up was of 9.3+/-6.8 months and was completed in all cases. Actuarial survival rate was 94+/-6% and freedom from reoperation was 92+/-7%. Antibiotic treatment was stopped after 59+/-64 days for 10 patients. None of them had recurrence of endocarditis or PVL. Prosthetic valve sewing ring sealing with adapted antibiotic and fibrin glue can constitute a good weapon in the armamentarium of surgical treatment of active endocarditis. PMID:17669758

Farhat, Fadi; Durand, Marion; Delahaye, François; Jegaden, Olivier

2007-02-01

173

[Mitral valve endocarditis after Turkish "Festival of Sacrifice"].  

Science.gov (United States)

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is the causative agent of swine erysipelas. Systemic infections caused by E. rhusiopathiae are rare, but often (90%) associated with endocarditis. In about 60% of cases endocarditis develops on normal heart valves, and despite appropriate antibiotic therapy about one-third of the patients requires valve replacement. We report the case of a housewife, who developed a mitral valve endocarditis due to E. rhusiopathiae after preparing meat for the Turkish "Festival of Sacrifice". PMID:21152883

Blaich, A; Fasel, D; Kaech, C; Frei, R

2011-09-01

174

Acute myocardial infarction in infectious endocarditis. Report of one case  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The acute myocardial infarction is a rare complication in the course of an acute endocarditis. It takes place in the first weeks infection. Although is not associated with any particular microorganism it has been associated with virulent microorganism and is common in aortic valve endocarditis insufficiency. This report is a case of a patient who suffered a myocardial infarction during a acute endocarditis of native valve

175

Listeria monocytogenes endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

A fatal case of endocarditis due to Listeria monocytogenes is reported. Case reports of endocarditis due to this organism are rare but indicate a higher mortality than with many other causes of bacterial endocarditis. The size of the problem may be underestimated because the organism has a "diphtheroid' appearance and may be incorrectly dismissed as a contaminant. PMID:3991406

Sheinman, B D; Evans, T; Sage, R

1985-01-01

176

Endocarditis bacteriana: reporte de caso / Bacterial endocarditis: case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available La endocarditis bacteriana es una inflamación del endocardio donde hay colonización bacteriana que genera vegetaciones en alguna válvula del corazón, las cuales alteran la función cardiaca generando regurgitaciones y alteraciones hemodinámicas. Además, puede producir cuadros propios de la infección [...] como tromboembolismo séptico y alteraciones inflamatorias como complejos inmunes. En el presente estudio se describe el caso de un canino hembra de 2.5 años, que presentó fiebre, decaimiento, anorexia y un soplomarcado(IV/VI) en elladoizquierdodeltórax.Losexámenesdelaboratorioevidenciaron leucocitosis con desviación a la izquierda e insuficiencia renal aguda. Además, la ecocardiografía mostró un crecimiento a nivel de la válvula aórtica que alteraba el flujo sanguíneo produciendo un jet regurgitante diastólico. Se concluye que la lesión era compatible con una endocarditis bacteriana Abstract in english Bacterial endocarditis is an inflammation of the endocardium, where a bacterial colonization produces vegetation in the cardiac valve, which can alter its normal function causing regurgitations and hemodynamic alterations. Also, this infection can cause septic thromboembolism or inflammatory alterat [...] ions like immune complexes. The present study describes the case of a female canine of 2.5 years of age that presented fever, depression, anorexia and a severe murmur (IV/VI) on the left side of the thorax. Laboratory exams revealed leukocytosis with left shift and renal failure. Besides, the echocardiography showed vegetation at the aortic valve that altered the hemodynamics producing a diastolic regurgitation jet. It was concluded that the lesion was compatible with bacterial endocarditis

Roberto, Dávila F; Miguel, Marroquín A.

2014-04-01

177

[Pseudoinfectious endocarditis].  

Science.gov (United States)

Nonbacterial thrombotic (noninfectious, pseudoinfectious--PIE) endocarditis is characterized by precipitation of thrombus, not containing bacteria, on the valve cusps. Mitral and aortal valves are affected most frequently. Vegetations, as a rule, do not exceed 6-7 mm and have a high inclination to embolism. Hypercoagulation plays a leading role in PIE pathogenesis. The most frequent acquired causes of sterile vegetation forming are malignant tumors and rheumatic diseases (especially systemic lupus erythematosus--SLE and antiphospholipid syndrome--APS). Valve pathology is most frequent lesion of heart in APS patients. It is supposed, that antibodies to phospholipids (aPL) have a special importance in valve lesion pathogenesis at APS, besides, changes in valve apparatus at SLE are associated exactly with aPL. Main problems of PIE patients are recurrent thromboembolism, development of valve dysfunction with clinical signs of heart failure (4-6% cases), difficulties in differential diagnostics: PIE is hard to diagnose if basic disease is accompanied by fever (diffuse diseases of connective tissue etc.). Transesophageal echocardiography is a leading method in PIE diagnostics. The main therapeutic option in PIE treatment is anticoagulant therapy: nonfractional or subcutaneous heparin in presence of systemic or pulmonary embolism, in patients with disseminated malignant tumors--complete doses of nonfractional heparin. PMID:18720705

Demin, A A; Chapaeva, N N; Trifonova, M A

2008-01-01

178

Rare manifestations of Streptococcus pneumoniae infection; the first case report in Thailand and literature review of pneumococcal endophthalmitis and endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of endogenous endophthalmitis and endocarditis caused by a rare causative organism: Streptococcus pneumoniae. A 69-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus and pre-existing mitral regurgitation presented with acute fever and severe left eye pain. Ophthalmologic examination revealed bilateral endophthalmitis. Blood and vitreous fluid culture grew penicillin-susceptible S. pneumoniae. Transesophageal echocardiogram documented a 5-mm oscillating mass at right coronary cusp of aortic valve. After 4 weeks of combined ceftriaxone and levofloxacin therapy, the patient improved and was later discharged with blindness in her left eye. PMID:25764648

Thaisiam, Peerapat; Rattanaumpawan, Pinyo

2014-12-01

179

Partial oral treatment of endocarditis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Guidelines for the treatment of left-sided infective endocarditis (IE) recommend 4 to 6 weeks of intravenous antibiotics. Conversion from intravenous to oral antibiotics in clinically stabilized patients could reduce the side effects associated with intravenous treatment and shorten the length of hospital stay. Evidence supporting partial oral therapy as an alternative to the routinely recommended continued parenteral therapy is scarce, although observational data suggest that this strategy may be safe and effective.

Iversen, Kasper; HØst, Nis Baun

2013-01-01

180

Perfil clínico-epidemiológico de pacientes con endocarditis infecciosa, período 2003-2010 en el hospital de Temuco, Chile / Profile of patients with infective endocarditis admitted to a Chilean regional hospital  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: Mortality due to infective endocarditis (IE) in Chile is close to 30%. Aim: To report the experience with patients admitted with the diagnosis of IE in a regional tertiary hospital. Material and Methods: Retrospective study of 107 patients aged 50 ± 16years (75% males) discharged with a [...] definitive diagnosis of IE according to modified DUKE criteria, between years 2003 and 2010. Demographic variables, severity scores, clinical characteristics, bacteriology and hospital evolution were recorded. Results: Fifty nine percent of patients had concomitant cardiovascular problems. APACHE II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores on admission were 8.4 ± 4.7 and 2.7 ± 2.8 respectively. Native valves were affected in 91% of cases (aortic and mitral valves in 62% and 50% of cases respectively). Prosthetic valves were affected in 9.3% of cases. Rheumatic heart disease was the predominant primary lesion in 10% of patients. Antibiotics were used in 45.1% before blood cultures were performed. In 68% of patients blood cultures were positive. S. viridans (30.8%), S.aureus (18.6%) and coagulase negative Streptocicci (5.6%) were the identified microorganisms. Intensive care unit admission was required in 48% of patients. Renal, heart and neurological deterioration was observed in 53, 34 and 14% of patients, respectively. Twenty percent of patients developed systemic embolism and 37% required heart surgery. Mean hospital stay was 28.3 ± 19.1 days and 27% of patients died. Conclusions: In this series of patients, IE has a high mortality. Most patients studied were admitted in bad conditions.

Benjamín, Stockins; Víctor, Neira; Alejandro, Paredes; Carlos, Castillo; Andrés, Troncoso.

1304-13-01

181

Percutaneous pulmonary valve endocarditis: incidence, prevention and management.  

Science.gov (United States)

The epidemiology of infective endocarditis is changing rapidly due to the emergence of resistant microorganisms, the indiscriminate use of antibiotics, and an increase in the implantation of cardiovascular devices including percutaneous valves. Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation has achieved standard of care for the management of certain patients with right ventricular outflow tract dysfunction. With its expanding use, several cases of early and delayed infective endocarditis with higher morbidity and mortality rates have been reported. This review summarizes the trends in percutaneous pulmonary valve infective endocarditis, postulates proposed mechanisms, and elaborates on the prevention and management of this unique and potentially fatal complication. PMID:25445753

Patel, Mehul; Malekzadeh-Milani, Sophie; Ladouceur, Magalie; Iserin, Laurence; Boudjemline, Younes

2014-11-01

182

A study of infectious endocarditis in Ribeirão Preto, SP - Brazil. Analysis of cases occurring between 1992 and 1997  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiology, diagnosis, clinical aspects causes and evolution of infectious endocarditis. METHODS: The patients analyzed were treated at the University Hospital of the Faculdade de Medicina of Ribeirão Preto-USP and had a diagnosis of infectious endocarditis defined by Duk [...] e's criteria, which classifies infectious endocarditis as native, prosthetic valve or that occurring in intravenous drug users. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty episodes of infectious endocarditis in 168 patients were observed. Echocardiograms in 132 (73.3%) provided a diagnosis of infectious endocarditis in 111 (84%) patients; mitral valves were affected in 55 (30.5%), tricuspid valves in 30 (16.6%) and the aortic valve in 28 (15.5%) patients. Hemocultures were performed in 148 (93.8%) episodes of IE. The most commonly isolated infectious organisms were Staphylococcus aureus in 46 (27.2%) patients and Streptococcus viridans in 27 (15.9%). Complications occurred in 116 (64.4%) patients and 73 (40.5%) of the patients died. CONCLUSION: The general profile of the observed infectious endocarditis was similar to that reported in studies performed in other countries and included users of intravenous drugs. The high degree of mortality observed is not compatible with progress in diagnosis and treatment of infectious endocarditis and is probably due to the absence of diagnostic suspicion. The high frequency of fatal cases of septicemia (45.1% of deaths) in the patients studied indicates that unnoticed cases of infectious endocarditis had only been diagnosed at necropsy.

Everaldo, Ruiz Jr; Tarciso, Schirmbeck; Luiz Tadeu Moraes, Figueiredo.

2000-03-01

183

Embolic retinopathy due to Corynebacterium minutissimum endocarditis.  

OpenAIRE

Infective embolic retinopathy as a sequela of bacterial endocarditis is described in a 31-year-old woman with mitral valve prolapse. The infective organism, Corynebacterium minutissimum, has not been previously found to cause ocular or multisystem diseases. It is a common mucocutaneous inhabitant which causes erythrasma. In our case report both ocular involvement and septicaemia were present. The infection was confirmed by positive serial blood cultures. Mitral valve prolapse was confirmed by...

Herschorn, B. J.; Brucker, A. J.

1985-01-01

184

Conhecimento dos pais sobre profilaxia de endocardite infecciosa em crianças portadoras de cardiopatias congênitas / Parents' knowledge of infective endocarditis in children with congenital heart disease  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: As diretrizes para profilaxia de endocardite infecciosa mudaram, mas muitas cardiopatias congênitas seguem sendo consideradas de alto risco para o desenvolvimento da doença. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o conhecimento dos pais ou responsáveis pelas crianças e adolescentes portadores de cardiopatias [...] atendidos em um serviço de referência no estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, sobre endocardite infecciosa e sua profilaxia. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 90 pacientes portadores de cardiopatias congênitas em acompanhamento ambulatorial regular. O conhecimento dos pais foi avaliado com o uso de questionário específico e os demais dados foram obtidos por meio da revisão de prontuários. RESULTADOS: A mediana da idade dos pacientes foi de 5,6 anos (3 meses - 14 anos e 7 meses), sendo 57,7% do sexo masculino. A mediana de tempo de acompanhamento no serviço foi de 3,49 anos (1,20-7,38 anos). Os anos de estudo formal dos pais apresentaram média de 7,67 ± 3,25 anos. De acordo com o escore previamente estabelecido, o conhecimento dos pais entrevistados foi considerado satisfatório em 37,7% dos casos, regular, em 33,3% e insatisfatório, em 28,8%. Houve correlação significativa entre o índice de conhecimento dos pais e tempo de acompanhamento das crianças no serviço (r=0,584; P Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: The guidelines to prophylaxis of infectious endocarditis changed, but many congenital heart diseases continue to be considered as high risk for the development of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge of parents or guardians of children and adolescents with congenital heart [...] disease seen at a referral center in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil on infective endocarditis and its prevention. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 90 patients with congenital heart defects in regular outpatient treatment. The parents' knowledge was assessed using a specific questionnaire and other data were obtained through medical records. RESULTS: The median age of patients was 5.6 years (3 months -14 years), being 57,7% males. The median follow-up time in service was 3.49 years (1.20-7.38). The years of formal schooling of the parents had a mean of 7.67 ± 3.25 years. According to the score previously established, the knowledge of the interviewed parents was considered satisfactory in 37.7%, regular in 33.3% and unsatisfying in 28,8%. There was significant correlation between the index of parents' knowledge and monitoring of children at service (r=0.584; P=0.796). There was no correlation between parents' education and knowledge of them (r=0.028; P=0.796). CONCLUSION: The parents' knowledge about endocarditis and its prevention was inadequate, requiring greater attention to the orientations passed in consultations

Fabiana, Haag; Sílvia, Casonato; Fernanda, Varela; Cora, Firpo.

2011-09-01

185

Achados clínico-laboratoriais de uma série de casos com endocardite infecciosa / Clinical and laboratory findings in a series of cases of infective endocarditis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Descrever os achados clínico-laboratoriais da endocardite infecciosa (EI) em 28 crianças, em Vitória/ES. MÉTODO: Estudo retrospectivo dos prontuários de 28 crianças, com idade abaixo de 18 anos e diagnóstico de endocardite infecciosa, internadas no serviço de infectologia do Hospital Infan [...] til Nossa Senhora da Glória, em Vitória - Espírito Santo, no período de janeiro de 1993 a dezembro de 2001. Os critérios para diagnóstico de endocardite infecciosa foram os do Duke Endocarditis Service (Duke University, Durham, North Carolina - USA): critérios maiores (hemoculturas e ecocardiograma positivos) e critérios menores (febre, doença cardíaca prévia, sopro cardíaco recente, fenômenos vasculares e imunológicos). Através de protocolo específico, preenchido pelos médicos-residentes e acadêmicos do serviço de infectologia, e revisados pelos médicos da equipe, foram anotadas as idades, sexo, achados clínicos e laboratoriais, e os resultados da ecocardiografia transtorácica das 28 crianças que preenchiam os critérios clínicos e laboratoriais. Em todos os casos, as hemoculturas foram realizadas com coleta do sangue (três amostras), sob condições assépticas e com inoculação em meios aeróbicos e anaeróbicos, incubados a uma temperatura de 37ºC e testados com sistema automatizado Vitec System® (Biolab). RESULTADOS: Das 28 crianças, 16 eram do sexo masculino, com idade entre 3 e 180 meses (média 70,6±59,2 m), e a maioria (68%) era procedente da região metropolitana de Vitória. Metade apresentava cardiopatia prévia. Os achados clínicos mais freqüentes que levaram à suspeita de EI foram: febre prolongada (100%), sopro cardíaco (67,9%), dispnéia (57,1%), hepatomegalia (57,1%), fenômenos vasculares (32,2%), esplenomegalia (28,6%) e nódulos de Osler (7,1%). Foram colhidas hemoculturas dos 28 casos, sendo 16 (57,1%) positivas. O S. aureus adquirido na comunidade foi o germe mais freqüentemente isolado (9/16-56,6%). Houve persistência da febre, apesar do tratamento, duração da febre de 2,5 a 30 dias, mediana de 18,0 dias. O valor médio de leucócitos à internação foi de 11.657±7.085mm³. O ecocardiograma transtorácico, realizado em todos os pacientes, evidenciou vegetações, principalmente nas válvulas tricúspide (25,0%), mitral (25,0%) e na borda de CIV (28,6%). Treze (46,4%) crianças apresentaram sepse concomitante, e três (10,7%) infecção hospitalar. Houve um óbito (3,6%). CONCLUSÕES: A endocardite infecciosa em nosso meio é freqüente em crianças abaixo de dois anos de idade e com uma cardiopatia congênita. O S. aureus de origem comunitária foi o microorganismo isolado mais freqüentemente, e em crianças sem lesão cardíaca prévia. Endocardite infecciosa aguda, endocardite bacteriana, Staphylococcus aureus, ecocardiografia transtorácica. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical and laboratory data of infective endocarditis (IE) in 28 children from Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 28 children aged 18 years and under admitted to the Infectious Diseases Unit of Nossa Senhora da Glória Childre [...] n's Hospital with a diagnosis of IE from January 1993 to December 2001. The diagnosis of IE was based on the criteria established by the Duke Endocarditis Service (Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA): positive blood cultures and echocardiogram (primary criteria); and fever, history of heart disease, recent heart murmur, and vascular and immunological phenomena (secondary criteria). A specific protocol was filled out by interns and medical students and revised by physicians from the hospital medical team to obtain the following data: age, sex, clinical and laboratory findings, and results of transthoracic echocardiography. In all cases, three blood samples were collected under aseptic conditions and inoculated in aerobic and anaerobic environments. The samples were then incubated at 37º C and test

Carla A.Z., Pereira; Scheila C.G.P., Rocio; Maria-Fátima R., Ceolin; Ana-Paula N.B., Lima; Felippe, Borlot; Roberto S.T., Pereira; Sandra F., Moreira-Silva.

2003-10-01

186

Achados clínico-laboratoriais de uma série de casos com endocardite infecciosa Clinical and laboratory findings in a series of cases of infective endocarditis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever os achados clínico-laboratoriais da endocardite infecciosa (EI em 28 crianças, em Vitória/ES. MÉTODO: Estudo retrospectivo dos prontuários de 28 crianças, com idade abaixo de 18 anos e diagnóstico de endocardite infecciosa, internadas no serviço de infectologia do Hospital Infantil Nossa Senhora da Glória, em Vitória - Espírito Santo, no período de janeiro de 1993 a dezembro de 2001. Os critérios para diagnóstico de endocardite infecciosa foram os do Duke Endocarditis Service (Duke University, Durham, North Carolina - USA: critérios maiores (hemoculturas e ecocardiograma positivos e critérios menores (febre, doença cardíaca prévia, sopro cardíaco recente, fenômenos vasculares e imunológicos. Através de protocolo específico, preenchido pelos médicos-residentes e acadêmicos do serviço de infectologia, e revisados pelos médicos da equipe, foram anotadas as idades, sexo, achados clínicos e laboratoriais, e os resultados da ecocardiografia transtorácica das 28 crianças que preenchiam os critérios clínicos e laboratoriais. Em todos os casos, as hemoculturas foram realizadas com coleta do sangue (três amostras, sob condições assépticas e com inoculação em meios aeróbicos e anaeróbicos, incubados a uma temperatura de 37ºC e testados com sistema automatizado Vitec System® (Biolab. RESULTADOS: Das 28 crianças, 16 eram do sexo masculino, com idade entre 3 e 180 meses (média 70,6±59,2 m, e a maioria (68% era procedente da região metropolitana de Vitória. Metade apresentava cardiopatia prévia. Os achados clínicos mais freqüentes que levaram à suspeita de EI foram: febre prolongada (100%, sopro cardíaco (67,9%, dispnéia (57,1%, hepatomegalia (57,1%, fenômenos vasculares (32,2%, esplenomegalia (28,6% e nódulos de Osler (7,1%. Foram colhidas hemoculturas dos 28 casos, sendo 16 (57,1% positivas. O S. aureus adquirido na comunidade foi o germe mais freqüentemente isolado (9/16-56,6%. Houve persistência da febre, apesar do tratamento, duração da febre de 2,5 a 30 dias, mediana de 18,0 dias. O valor médio de leucócitos à internação foi de 11.657±7.085mm³. O ecocardiograma transtorácico, realizado em todos os pacientes, evidenciou vegetações, principalmente nas válvulas tricúspide (25,0%, mitral (25,0% e na borda de CIV (28,6%. Treze (46,4% crianças apresentaram sepse concomitante, e três (10,7% infecção hospitalar. Houve um óbito (3,6%. CONCLUSÕES: A endocardite infecciosa em nosso meio é freqüente em crianças abaixo de dois anos de idade e com uma cardiopatia congênita. O S. aureus de origem comunitária foi o microorganismo isolado mais freqüentemente, e em crianças sem lesão cardíaca prévia. Endocardite infecciosa aguda, endocardite bacteriana, Staphylococcus aureus, ecocardiografia transtorácica.OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical and laboratory data of infective endocarditis (IE in 28 children from Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 28 children aged 18 years and under admitted to the Infectious Diseases Unit of Nossa Senhora da Glória Children's Hospital with a diagnosis of IE from January 1993 to December 2001. The diagnosis of IE was based on the criteria established by the Duke Endocarditis Service (Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA: positive blood cultures and echocardiogram (primary criteria; and fever, history of heart disease, recent heart murmur, and vascular and immunological phenomena (secondary criteria. A specific protocol was filled out by interns and medical students and revised by physicians from the hospital medical team to obtain the following data: age, sex, clinical and laboratory findings, and results of transthoracic echocardiography. In all cases, three blood samples were collected under aseptic conditions and inoculated in aerobic and anaerobic environments. The samples were then incubated at 37º C and tested with the VITEC SYSTEM® automatized system (BIOLAB. RESULTS: Among 28 patients, 16 were boys. Age w

Carla A.Z. Pereira

2003-10-01

187

The first reported case of Bartonella endocarditis in Thailand  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Bartonella species have been shown to cause acute, undifferentiated fever in Thailand. A study to identify causes of endocarditis that were blood culture-negative using routine methods led to the first reported case in Thailand of Bartonella endocarditis A 57 year-old male with underlying rheumatic heart disease presented with severe congestive heart failure and suspected infective endocarditis. The patient underwent aortic and mitral valve replacement. Routine hospital blood cultures were negative but B. henselae was identified by serology, PCR, immunohistochemistry and specific culture techniques.

George Watt

2011-03-01

188

Neisseria meningitidis endocarditis: a case report and review of the literature.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Neisseria meningitidis is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children and young adults, with an overall mortality rate of up to 25%, but it is a rare cause of infective endocarditis. We present herein a case of N. meningitidis meningitis complicated with infective endocarditis.

Ali, Mohammed

2012-02-01

189

Clinical impact of 18F-FDG-PET/CT in the extra cardiac work-up of patients with infective endocarditis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical importance of (18)F-FDG-PET/CT used in the extra cardiac work-up of patients with infective endocarditis (IE). BACKGROUND: IE is a serious condition with a significant mortality. Besides the degree of valvular involvement, the prognosis relies crucially on the presence of systemic infectious embolism. METHODS: Seventy-two patients (71% males and mean age 63 ± 17 years) with IE were evaluated with (18)F-FDG-PET/CT in addition to standard work-up including patient history, physical examination, conventional imaging modalities, and weekly interdisciplinary conferences. When previous unknown lesions detected by (18)F-FDG-PET/CT were confirmed by succeeding examinations, they were considered true positive new findings and were further assessed for their clinical importance. Number needed to investigate was calculated as the number of patients who needed to undergo (18)F-FDG-PET/CT to find at least one clinical important true positive new finding, not identified by standard work-up prior to (18)F-FDG-PET/CT. RESULTS: (18)F-FDG-PET/CT detected 114 lesions and 64 were true positive, of which 25 were new findings and detected in 17 patients. In 11 patients, the lesions were considered to have a clinical importance; osteomyelitis (n = 7), iliopsoas abscess (n = 1), gastrointestinal lesions (n = 2), and vascular prosthetic graft (n = 1). Number needed to investigate was 7 (11 of 72 patients). CONCLUSIONS: (18)F-FDG-PET/CT detected lesions of clinical importance in one of seven IE patients and may be a substantial imaging technique for tracing peripheral infectious embolism due to IE. Thus, (18)F-FDG-PET/CT may help to guide adequate therapy and thereby improve the prognosis of patients with IE.

Asmar, Ali; Ozcan, Cengiz

2014-01-01

190

Long-term outcome of infective endocarditis: A study on patients surviving over one year after the initial episode treated in a Finnish teaching hospital during 25 years  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Only a few previous studies have focused on the long-term prognosis of the patients with infective endocarditis (IE. Our purpose was to delineate factors potentially associated with the long-term outcome of IE, recurrences of IE and requirement for late valve surgery. Methods A total of 326 episodes of IE in 303 patients were treated during 1980–2004 in the Turku University Hospital. We evaluated the long-term outcome and requirement for late valve surgery for 243 of these episodes in 226 patients who survived longer than 1 year after the initial admission. Factors associated with recurrences were analysed both for the 1-year survivors and for all 303 patients. Results The mean (SD follow-up time for the 1-year survivors was 11.5 (7.3 years (range 25 days to 25.5 years. The overall survival was 95%, 82%, 66%, 51% and 45% at 2, 5, 10, 15 and 20 years. In age and sex adjusted multivariate analyses, significant predictors for long-term overall mortality were heart failure within 3 months of admission (HR 1.97, 95% CI 1.27 to 3.06; p = 0.003 and collagen disease (HR 2.54, 95% CI 1.25 to 5.19; p = 0.010 or alcohol abuse (HR 2.39, 95% CI 1.30 to 4.40; p = 0.005 as underlying conditions, while early surgery was significantly associated with lower overall mortality rates (HR 0.31, 95% CI 0.17 to 0.58; p Conclusion Heart failure during the index episode of IE was the complication, which significantly predicted a poor long-term outcome. Patients who underwent surgery during the initial hospitalisation for IE faired significantly better than those who did not.

Engblom Erik

2008-04-01

191

Molecular imaging in Libman-Sacks endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a 54-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), fever, pericardial effusion and a mitral valve vegetation. (18)F-Fluorodesoxyglucose positron emission tomography CT ((18)F-FDG-PET-CT) showed very high accumulation of the isotope at the mitral valve. The patient underwent cardiothoracic surgery and pathologic examinations showed characteristic morphology of Libman-Sacks vegetations. All microbiological examinations including blood cultures, microscopy, culture and 16s PCR of the valve were negative and the diagnosis of Libman-Sacks endocarditis was convincing. It is difficult to distinguish Libman-Sacks endocarditis from culture-negative infective endocarditis (IE). Molecular imaging techniques are being used increasingly in cases of suspected IE but no studies have previously reported the use in patients with Libman-Sacks endocarditis. In the present case, (18)F-FDG-PET-CT clearly demonstrated the increased glucose uptake caused by infiltrating white blood cells in the ongoing inflammatory process at the mitral valve. In conclusion, (18)F-FDG-PET-CT cannot be used to distinguish between IE and non-infective Libman-Sacks vegetations. PMID:25622944

Dahl, Anders; Schaadt, Bente K; Santoni-Rugiu, Eric; Bruun, Niels E

2015-04-01

192

Is the MIC useful in deciding to treat endocarditis surgically?  

OpenAIRE

The infecting pathogen and its susceptibility to antibiotics is used to suggest prognosis in endocarditis. A case study was performed in a tertiary referral cardiology centre to assess the contribution of the measurement of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) to the decision to treat endocarditis surgically. The records were examined of 125 patients admitted between 1981 and 1999 in whom the minimum inhibitory concentration for the pathogen had been measured. The measures of outcome were m...

Walton, Bi; Wallace, Sm; Kukreja, N.; Kharbanda, R.; Varey-tyburczy, E.; Wilson, Ap; Swanton, Rh

2004-01-01

193

Lactococcus garvieae Endocarditis on a Prosthetic Biological Aortic Valve.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lactococcus garvieae (LG) endocarditis is a rare disease in humans. There are only about 16 reported cases in the world. We report a 76-year-old male patient with LG endocarditis. In depth interview with the patient revealed that 2 weeks prior to admission, he had eaten sushi containing raw fish. Unlike many of the other infections reported, which were on a native mitral valve, our patient's vegetation was on a prosthetic aortic valve. PMID:25295408

Tsur, A; Slutzki, T; Flusser, D

2014-10-01

194

Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis: two cases and a review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

Cardiobacterium hominis, a member of the HACEK group (Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Haemophilus aphrophilus, and Haemophilus paraphrophilus, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, C. hominis, Eikenella corrodens, and Kingella species), is a rare cause of endocarditis. There are 61 reported cases of C. hominis infective endocarditis in the English-language literature, 15 of which involved prosthetic valve endocarditis. There is one reported case of C. hominis after upper endoscopy and none report...

Malani, A. N.; Aronoff, D. M.; Bradley, S. F.; Kauffman, C. A.

2006-01-01

195

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia prosthetic valve endocarditis: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an environmental bacterium increasingly involved in nosocomial infections and resistant to most antibiotics. It is important to recognize and efficiently treat infections with this bacterium as soon as possible. Case presentation We present a case of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia prosthetic valve endocarditis secondary to an indwelling catheter infection. The patient was cured without surgery. We review other cases of S. maltophilia endocarditis from the literature and describe the peculiarities of this case. Conclusion S. maltophilia endocarditis is a rare disease that is often hospital-acquired and related to an indwelling catheter infection. The high lethality is likely related to the intrinsic resistance of nosocomial bloodstream infections to commonly prescribed antibiotics.

Bayle Sophie

2008-05-01

196

Prevención de la Endocarditis Bacteriana :: Revisión de la Literatura  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available La endocarditis infecciosa es una infección del revestimiento de las cavidades del corazón y de las válvulas cardíacas, causadas por bacterias, hongos virus u otros microorganismos. La endocarditis bacteriana se refiere específicamente a la infección por agentes bacterianos. La mayoría de las person [...] as que desarrollan la endocarditis han padecido una enfermedad cardíaca previa. El origen de la infección podría ser una bacteremia transitoria, la cual es común durante diagnósticos y procedimientos quirúrgicos; ya sean dentales, urológicos, del tracto respiratorio o gastrointestinal. La endocarditis es una enfermedad que amenaza a la vida a pesar de ser poco frecuente, por lo que la prevención es lo más importante. La Asociación Americana del Corazón, realizó algunos cambios en las pautas a seguir para la prevención de esta enfermedad, como son: una reducción de la antibioticoterapia para la protección del paciente, tanto bajando la dosis de ataque como eliminando la dosis posterior al tratamiento. De igual forma se limitaron los tratamientos que ameritan la profilaxis antibiótica. Estas nuevas recomendaciones definen mejor a los pacientes en riesgo y los procedimientos dentales que requieren protección con antibióticos. Abstract in english Infective endocarditis is an infection of the lining of the heart and heart valves. Caused by bacterias, fungus, viruses or other micro-organisms. Bacterial endocarditis is refered especially to infection for bacterial agents. The most people that developes endocarditis has sufered a prior cardiac d [...] isease. Cardiac source may be a transient bacteremia, common during diagnosis and surgical procedures, such dental, genitourinary, upper respiratory tract or gastrointestinal. Endocarditis is a life-threatening disease, although it is relatively uncommon so prevention is the most important. The American Heart Association, made some changes in guidelines for prevention of this disease: an antibioticoterapy decrease for pacients’cover, as much as lowering attack dosis and eliminating the follow doses to treatment. This new recommendations define better pacients at risk and dental procedures that require antibiotic cover.

Patricia R, Guzmán H; Sonia M, Corte F; Mónica P., Delgado O..

2000-09-01

197

Medical dental prophylaxis of endocarditis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Antibiotics have long been the main reason for the increase in man's longevity. Since their discovery, man has tried to reduce the level of infection by treating with antibiotics. At the same time, prophylactic use has been suggested, although this is controversial. Their routine use is not recommen [...] ded, and empirical treatments at non-therapeutic doses, and indiscriminately, should be avoided, because they may become dangerous and harmful, causing among other things, the prevalence of resistant microorganisms and the eventual potentiation of an increase in morbid states. Infectious endocarditis is a systemic pathology that can start with a bacteremia, which comes either from dental procedures or/and chronic processes that already existed. Its etiopathogeny consists of a combination of bacteremia and two other factors: Cardiac injury, which can be congenital or/and acquired, and a debilitated immunological system (patients who have transplanted organs, or those who have auto-immune diseases, such as pemphigus vulgaris, systemic lupus erythematosus). The main goal is to prevent or to fight against the transient bacteremia, reducing its intensity and duration, and also to kill the bacteria in at-risk patients. In this way, infectious endocarditis can be prevented; the dental surgeon plays an important role in the prevention of this condition, which joins medical and dental aspects. This can be done by antibiotic prophylaxis. The dentist needs to be acquainted with the medical protocols of the heart health societies.

Regina C., Basilio; Francisco E., Loducca; Paulo C., Haddad.

2004-10-01

198

Endocarditis caused by resistant enterococcus: an overview.  

Science.gov (United States)

Enteroccocal infective endocarditis is a major challenge to clinicians. There are an increasing number of reports of nosocomial acquisition and multidrug-resistant strains complicating management. The therapy of choice for enterococcal endocarditis remains ampicillin and gentamicin; however, high levels of aminoglycoside resistance, vancomycin-resistance, and toxicity of gentamicin with prolonged therapy have necessitated the use of other options in some patients. When the combination of cell wall drug and aminoglycoside cannot be used, the optimal regimen is not well established, due to limited information from clinical trials. There is thus an urgent need to better understand pathogenesis, resistance mechanisms, and optimal management strategies. Clinicians need to explore both antimicrobial and nonantimicrobial strategies for management, including evaluation of those at risk, early diagnosis, appropriate combination, and infection prevention. PMID:23749322

Reyes, Katherine; Zervos, Marcus

2013-08-01

199

Acute meningitis as an initial manifestation of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is a gram-positive bacillus which is found worldwide. Although bloodstream infections caused by E. rhusiopathiae are not common, there is a strong association between bacteremia and the development of infective endocarditis. The risk of human infection with Erysipelothrix is closely related to the opportunity for exposure to the organisms. We report a case of community-acquired meningitis as an initial manifestation of E. rhusiopathiae endocarditis in a 56-year-old woman, who had no history of exposure to animals. PMID:21409531

Joo, Eun-Jeong; Kang, Cheol-In; Kim, Wook Sung; Lee, Nam Yong; Chung, Doo Ryeon; Peck, Kyong Ran; Song, Jae-Hoon

2011-10-01

200

Endocarditis of the native aortic valve caused by Lactobacillus jensenii.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lactobacilli are Gram-positive anaerobic rods or coccobacilli, commonly found as commensals in human mucosa. Rarely, they can cause serious infections such as infective endocarditis (IE), and the most frequently implicated species causing serious infections are L. casei and L. rhamnosus. IE caused by Lactobacillus jensenii is very rare, with only six reported cases so far, to the best of our knowledge. We present a case of native aortic valve endocarditis caused by L. jensenii, complicated by root abscess and complete heart block, and requiring emergent surgical intervention. PMID:25750218

Patnaik, Soumya; Davila, Carlos Daniel; Chennupati, Anupama; Rubin, Alexander

2015-01-01

201

The challenge of staphylococcal pacemaker endocarditis in a patient with transposition of the great arteries endocarditis in congenital heart disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of septicaemia and infective endocarditis. The overall incidence of staphylococcal bacteraemia is increasing, contributing to 16% of all hospital-acquired bacteraemias. The use of cardiac pacemakers has revolutionized the management of rhythm disturbances, yet this has also resulted in a group of patients at risk of pacemaker lead endocarditis and seeding in the range of 1% to 7%. We describe a 26-year-old man with transposition of the great arteries who had a pacemaker implanted and presented with S. aureus septicaemia 2 years postpacemaker implantation and went on to develop pacemaker lead endocarditis. This report illustrates the risk of endocarditis in the population with congenital heart disease and an intracardiac device

202

Long-term outcome of infective endocarditis: A study on patients surviving over one year after the initial episode treated in a Finnish teaching hospital during 25 years  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Only a few previous studies have focused on the long-term prognosis of the patients with infective endocarditis (IE). Our purpose was to delineate factors potentially associated with the long-term outcome of IE, recurrences of IE and requirement for late valve surgery. Methods A total of 326 episodes of IE in 303 patients were treated during 1980–2004 in the Turku University Hospital. We evaluated the long-term outcome and requirement for late valve surgery for 243 of these episodes in 226 patients who survived longer than 1 year after the initial admission. Factors associated with recurrences were analysed both for the 1-year survivors and for all 303 patients. Results The mean (SD) follow-up time for the 1-year survivors was 11.5 (7.3) years (range 25 days to 25.5 years). The overall survival was 95%, 82%, 66%, 51% and 45% at 2, 5, 10, 15 and 20 years. In age and sex adjusted multivariate analyses, significant predictors for long-term overall mortality were heart failure within 3 months of admission (HR 1.97, 95% CI 1.27 to 3.06; p = 0.003) and collagen disease (HR 2.54, 95% CI 1.25 to 5.19; p = 0.010) or alcohol abuse (HR 2.39, 95% CI 1.30 to 4.40; p = 0.005) as underlying conditions, while early surgery was significantly associated with lower overall mortality rates (HR 0.31, 95% CI 0.17 to 0.58; p < 0.001). Heart failure was also significantly associated with the long-term cardiac mortality (p = 0.032). Of all 303 patients, 20 had more than 1 disease episode. Chronic dialysis (p = 0.002), intravenous drug use (p = 0.002) and diabetes (p = 0.015) were significant risk factors for recurrent episodes of IE, but when analysed separately for the 1-year survivors, only chronic dialysis remained significant (p = 0.017). Recurrences and late valve surgery did not confer a poor prognosis. Conclusion Heart failure during the index episode of IE was the complication, which significantly predicted a poor long-term outcome. Patients who underwent surgery during the initial hospitalisation for IE faired significantly better than those who did not. PMID:18419812

Heiro, Maija; Helenius, Hans; Hurme, Saija; Savunen, Timo; Metsärinne, Kaj; Engblom, Erik; Nikoskelainen, Jukka; Kotilainen, Pirkko

2008-01-01

203

Role of {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT in the diagnosis of infective endocarditis in patients with an implanted cardiac device: a prospective study  

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Infective endocarditis (IE) is widely underdiagnosed or diagnosed after a major delay. The diagnosis is currently based on the modified DUKE criteria, where the only validated imaging technique is echocardiography, and remains challenging especially in patients with an implantable cardiac device. The aim of this study was to assess the incremental diagnostic role of {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT in patients with an implanted cardiac device and suspected IE. We prospectively analysed 27 consecutive patients with an implantable device evaluated for suspected device-related IE between January 2011 and June 2013. The diagnostic probability of IE was defined at presentation according to the modified DUKE criteria. PET/CT was performed as soon as possible following the clinical suspicion of IE. Patients then underwent medical or surgical treatment based on the overall clinical evaluation. During follow-up, we considered: lead cultures in patients who underwent extraction, direct inspection and lead cultures in those who underwent surgery, and a clinical/instrumental reevaluation after at least 6 months in patients who received antimicrobial treatment or had an alternative diagnosis and were not treated for IE. After the follow-up period, the diagnosis was systematically reviewed by the multidisciplinary team using the modified DUKE criteria and considering the new findings. Among the ten patients with a positive PET/CT scan, seven received a final diagnosis of ''definite IE'', one of ''possible IE'' and two of ''IE rejected''. Among the 17 patients with a negative PET/CT scan, four were false-negative and received a final diagnosis of definite IE. These patients underwent PET/CT after having started antibiotic therapy (?48 h) or had a technically suboptimal examination. In patients with a cardiac device, PET/CT increases the diagnostic accuracy of the modified Duke criteria for IE, particularly in the subset of patients with possible IE in whom it may help the clinician manage a challenging situation. (orig.)

Graziosi, Maddalena; Lorenzini, Massimiliano; Diemberger, Igor; Pasquale, Ferdinando; Ziacchi, Matteo; Biffi, Mauro; Martignani, Cristian; Boriani, Giuseppe; Rapezzi, Claudio [Alma Mater-University of Bologna, and S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Cardiology Unit, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, Bologna (Italy); Nanni, Cristina; Bonfiglioli, Rachele; Fanti, Stefano [Alma Mater-University of Bologna, and S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Nuclear Medicine Unit, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, Bologna (Italy); Bartoletti, Michele; Tumietto, Fabio; Viale, Pier Luigi [Alma Mater-University of Bologna, and S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Infectious Diseases Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Bologna (Italy)

2014-08-15

204

Association of Bartonella spp bacteremia with Chagas cardiomyopathy, endocarditis and arrythmias in patients from South America  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Infection with Bartonella spp may cause cardiac arrhythmias, myocarditis and endocarditis in humans. The aim of the present study was to evaluate a possible association between Bartonella spp bacteremia and endocarditis, arrhythmia and Chagas cardiomyopathy in patients from Brazil and Argentina. We [...] screened for the presence of bacterial 16S rRNA in human blood by PCR using oligonucleotides to amplify a 185-bp bacterial DNA fragment. Blood samples were taken from four groups of subjects in Brazil and Argentina: i) control patients without clinical disease, ii) patients with negative blood-culture endocarditis, iii) patients with arrhythmias, and iv) patients with chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy. PCR products were analyzed on 1.5% agarose gel to visualize the 185-bp fragment and then sequenced to confirm the identity of DNA. Sixty of 148 patients (40.5%) with cardiac disease and 1 of 56 subjects (1.8%) from the control group presented positive PCR amplification for Bartonella spp, suggesting a positive association of the bacteria with these diseases. Separate analysis of the four groups showed that the risk of a Brazilian patient with endocarditis being infected with Bartonella was 22 times higher than in the controls. In arrhythmic patients, the prevalence of infection was 45 times higher when compared to the same controls and 40 times higher for patients with Chagas cardiomyopathy. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report of the association between Bartonella spp bacteremia and Chagas disease. The present data may be useful for epidemiological and prevention studies in Brazil and Argentina.

F.G., Corrêa; C.L.S., Pontes; R.M.M., Verzola; J.C.P., Mateos; P.E.N.F., Velho; A.G., Schijman; H.S., Selistre-de-Araujo.

2012-07-01

205

Native valve endocarditis caused by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae in an immunocompetent individual.  

Science.gov (United States)

Infective endocarditis is a very rare clinical form caused by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. It is rarely seen in immunocompetent individuals. Even after surgery it may entail mortality rates as high as 30-40?%. This report describes a case of native valve endocarditis caused by E. rhusiopathiae and cured with crystallized penicillin G and surgery. PMID:24072768

Kaya, Selçuk; Gençalio?lu, Eda; Yildirim, Seval Sönmez; Altun, Gökalp; Yilmaz, Gürdal; Köksal, Iftihar

2013-12-01

206

Mitral valve endocarditis during brucellosis relapse  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Endocarditis is the most common cardiovascular manifestation of brucellosis with high mortality rate. Brucella is less accesable to antibiotic (but not for all and relapse can occur after a various period of clinical latency. Case report. A 55-year-old farmer was diagnozed with acute systemic Brucella infection in May 2008 and treated with antibiotic therapy in regional hospital for two months and for three months after discharge. He began to feel myalgia, arthralgia, malaise, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhoea and lost weight eight months after initial symptoms occured. Because symptoms progressed he was admitted to our hospital in February 2009. Based on a combination of epidemiological, clinical data (on admission he was catchetic, adynamic, dyspneic, hypotensive 80/50 mmHg, fever up to 39.50C, positive serological Wright test for brucellosis (1 : 5,120, and echocardiographic examination findings, the diagnosis of very severe relapse of brucellosis with mitral valve endocarditis, complicated with perforation of anterior mitral leaflet, severe mitral regurgitation and pulmonary hypertension was established. He was treated with a combined triple antibiotic therapy (vancomycin, ciprofloxacin and gentamicin, and swiched to regimen with doxycycline, gentamicin and imipenem, replacing gentamicin by rifampicin for 4 weeks and for the next 2 weeks was receiving trimetoprime/sulfamethoxazole and rifampicin. The patients' condition was improved and he was operated. The diagnosis of infective endocarditis was confirmed intraoperatively. Mitral valve replacement was performed, and combined triple antibiotic treatment (amikacin + ciprofloxacin + cefazolin, for 2 weeks and cephazolin + doxycycline + rifampicin, for 2 weeks was continued, following with two antibiotics (doxycycline + rifampicin for 5 months. The patient completely recovered without any signs of infection 30 months postoperatively. Conclusion. A combined antibiotic therapy and surgery reduce complications and mortality associated with Brucella endocarditis and improve quality of patients' life.

Obrenovi?-Kir?anski Biljana

2012-01-01

207

The Role of Endocarditis, Myocarditis and Pericarditis in Qualitative and Quantitative Data Analysis  

OpenAIRE

The current study is the first scientometric analysis of research activity and output in the field of inflammatory disorders of the heart (endo-, myo- and pericarditis). Scientometric methods are used to compare scientific performance on national and on international scale to identify single areas of research interest. Interest and research productivity in inflammatory diseases of the heart have increased since 1990. The majority of publications about inflammatory heart disorders were publish...

Groneberg, David A.; David Quarcoo; Stefanie Mache; Norman Schöffel; Karin Vitzthum

2009-01-01

208

Comparison of species identification of endocarditis associated viridans streptococci using rnpB genotyping and 2 MALDI-TOF systems.  

Science.gov (United States)

Streptococcus spp. are important causes of infective endocarditis but challenging in species identification. This study compared identification based on sequence determination of the rnpB gene with 2 systems of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry, MALDI Biotyper (Bruker) and VITEK MS IVD (bioMérieux). Blood culture isolates of viridans streptococci from 63 patients with infective endocarditis were tested. The 3 methods showed full agreement for all 36 isolates identified in the Anginosus, Bovis, and Mutans groups or identified as Streptococcus cristatus, Streptococcus gordonii, or Streptococcus sanguinis. None of the methods could reliably identify the 23 isolates to the species level when designated as Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus oralis, or Streptococcus tigurinus. In 7 isolates classified to the Mitis group, the rnpB sequences deviated strikingly from all reference sequences, and additional analysis of sodA and groEL genes indicated the occurrence of yet unidentified Streptococcus spp. PMID:25616316

Isaksson, Jenny; Rasmussen, Magnus; Nilson, Bo; Stadler, Liselott Svensson; Kurland, Siri; Olaison, Lars; Ek, Elisabeth; Herrmann, Björn

2015-04-01

209

Infectious endocarditis caused by Escherichia coli  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Although Escherichia coli is among the most common causes of Gram-negative bacteraemia, infectious endocarditis (IE) due to this pathogen is rare. A 67-y-old male without a previous medical history presented with a new mitral regurgitation murmur and persisting E. coli bacteraemia in spite of broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics. Transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography revealed a severe mitral endocarditis. E. coli DNA was identified from the mitral valve and the vegetation, and no other pathogen was found. The case was further complicated by spondylodiscitis and bilateral endophthalmitis. Extra-intestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) are able to colonize tissue outside the gastrointestinal tract and contain a variety of virulence factors that may enable the pathogens to invade and induce infections in the cardiac endothelia. In these cases echocardiography as the imaging technology is of paramount importance for the correct diagnosis and treatment.

Lauridsen, Trine Kiilerich; Arpi, Magnus

2011-01-01

210

Brucella Endocarditis in Prosthetic Valves  

OpenAIRE

Human brucellosis is a multiple organ disease that presents with fever and is most often transmitted via contaminated, unpasteurized goat milk and cheese. In chronic cases, focal complications (eg, spondylitis, neurobrucellosis and endocarditis) are frequently seen. Although the disease may be severely debilitating, the mortality rate is low. Fatal cases are often due to endocarditis. Because Brucella endocarditis is a rare complication (2% to 5%), therapeutic considerations are based on sing...

Mehanic, Snjezana; Mulabdic, Velida; Baljic, Rusmir; Hadzovic-cengic, Meliha; Pinjo, Fikret; Hadziosmanovic, Vesna; Topalovic, Jasna

2012-01-01

211

The Role of Endocarditis, Myocarditis and Pericarditis in Qualitative and Quantitative Data Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The current study is the first scientometric analysis of research activity and output in the field of inflammatory disorders of the heart (endo-, myo- and pericarditis. Scientometric methods are used to compare scientific performance on national and on international scale to identify single areas of research interest. Interest and research productivity in inflammatory diseases of the heart have increased since 1990. The majority of publications about inflammatory heart disorders were published in Western Europe and North America. The United States of America had a leading position in terms of research productivity and quality; half of the most productive authors in this study came from American institutions. The analysis of international cooperation revealed research activity in countries that are less established in the field of inflammatory heart disorder research, such as Brazil, Saudi Arabia and Tunisia. These results indicate that future research of heart inflammation may no longer be influenced predominantly by a small number of countries. Furthermore, this study revealed weaknesses in currently established scientometric parameters (i.e., h-index, impact factor that limit their suitability as measures of research quality. In this respect, self-citations should be generally excluded from calculations of h-index and impact factor.

David A. Groneberg

2009-11-01

212

Abiotrophia defectiva endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

A previously healthy 27-year-old Jamaican man presented to the University Hospital of the West Indies with recurrent joint pain, remitting and relapsing fever, and shortness of breath. He was subsequently found to have Abiotrophia defectiva endocarditis. This was the first time this organism had been isolated at our institution. Despite culture directed antibiotics, his clinical course was quite severe with mitral regurgitation and congestive cardiac failure requiring mitral valve replacement. He recovered well postoperatively and is currently being followed at our outpatient cardiology clinic. This report highlights the severe presentation and often poor outcome associated with A. defectiva endocarditis and stresses that the outcome may be improved by early and appropriate surgical intervention. PMID:25519863

Pinkney, Jodian Amor; Nagassar, Rajeev Peeyush; Roye-Green, Karen Judith; Ferguson, Trevor

2014-01-01

213

Evaluación de 61 episodios de endocarditis infecciosa en pacientes adictos a drogas intravenosas e infección por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana tipo-1 / Evaluation of 61 episodes of infective endocarditis in intravenous drug abusers and human immunodeficiency tipe-1 virus infection  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Se evaluaron las características clínicas y de laboratorio de 61 episodios de endocarditis infecciosa (EI) en adictos a drogas intravenosas (ADIV) infectados por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana tipo-1 (HIV-1). Cuarenta y nueve hombres y 6 mujeres con edades comprendidas entre 15 y 55 años. L [...] a totalidad de los pacientes estudiados presentó 61 episodios de EI, los que tuvieron fiebre y soplo cardíaco. Cuarenta y tres (70,4%) presentaron hepatomegalia y 29 (47,5%) esplenomegalia. Treinta y ocho (62,3%) tuvieron tos, que en 9 (14,7%) resultó hemoptoica. En 25 casos (41%) se observó disnea y en 5 (8,2%) ingurgitación yugular. El fondo de ojo mostró alteraciones en 3 pacientes (4,9%). La confirmación bacteriológica se obtuvo en 41 episodios (67,2%). Se identificaron por hemocultivos: Staphylococcus aureus en 30 casos (73,1%), Streptococcus viridans en 8 (19,5%), Staphylococcus epidermidis en 1 (2,4%), Staphylococcus hominis en 1 (2,4%) y Streptococcuspneumoniae en 1 (2,4%). Se comprobó compromiso de la válvula tricúspide en 51 episodios (83,6%), aórtica en 6 (9,8%), mitral en 3 (4,9%) y pulmonar en 1 (1,6%). En 3 pacientes la afectación fue bivalvular: en 2 (3,2%) de la tricúspide y pulmonar y en 1 (1,6%) de la tricúspide y mitral. En 19 episodios (31,1%) se detectó derrame pericárdico. En la etapa aguda de la enfermedad fallecieron 6 (10,9%) pacientes. Abstract in english We conducted a retrospective evaluation to determine the clinical and microbiological characteristics of 61 episodes of infective endocarditis (IE) in intravenous drug abusers (IDA), HIV seropositive patients. Forty-nine males and 6 females between 15 and 42 years of age were included in the study. [...] All the included patients presented 61 episodes of IE. Fever and cardiac murmur were present in all episodes; 43 (70,4%) had hepatomegaly; 29 (47,5%) had splenomegaly. Thirty-eight (62,3%) presented cough (9 with hemoptysis); 25 (41%) had dyspnea, and 5 (8,2%) had jugular ingurgitation. Fundoscopy showed alterations in 3 patients (4,9%). Bacteriological confirmation was obtained in 41 episodes (67,2%); blood cultures revealed Staphylococcus aureus in 30 cases (73,1%), Streptococcus viridans in 8 (19,5%) patients, Staphylococcus epidermidis in 1 (2,4%), Staphylococcus hominis in 1 (2,4%) and Streptococcuspneumoniae in one case (2,4%). The tricuspid valve was involved in 51 episodes (83,6%), the aorta in 6 (9,8%), the mitral valve in 3 (4,9%) and the pulmonary valve in one (1,6%). There was evidence of right bivalvular involvement in 2 patients (3,2%) and tricuspid and mitral involvement in another (1,6%). Pericardial effusion was detected in 19 episodes (31,1%). Six patients (10,9%) died during the acute episode of IE.

M.E., Corti; O.J., Palmieri; M.F., Villafañe; N., Trione.

2004-06-01

214

Osteomyelitis and possible endocarditis secondary to Lactococcus garvieae: a first case report  

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Although osteomyelitis is commonly caused by staphylococcal infection, the first case of a lumbar osteomyelitis secondary to Lactococcus garvieae is reported. The case was complicated by possible endocarditis of an aortic valve prosthesis.???Keywords: Lactococcus garvieae; osteomyelitis

James, P.; Hardman, S.; Patterson, D.

2000-01-01

215

Endocarditis infecciosa en la Unidad de Medicina Intensiva Infectious endocarditis in the intensive care unit  

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Full Text Available Objetivo: Conocer las características, evolución y pronóstico de los pacientes con endocarditis infecciosa que requieren tratamiento en la Unidad de Medicina Intensiva. Diseño: Estudio observacional de cohortes prospectivo en pacientes ingresados por endocarditis infecciosa. Ámbito: Hospital Universitario Nuestra Señora de Candelaria, centro con 824 camas y población asignada de 493.145 personas. Pacientes: Todos los pacientes diagnosticados de endocarditis siguiendo los criterios de Duke entre el 1 de enero de 2005 y el 31 de julio de 2011. Variables de interés: Variables demográficas, clínicas, scores de gravedad, hallazgos microbiológicos y ecocardiográficos, mortalidad intrahospitalaria y complicaciones. Resultados: De 102 pacientes diagnosticados de endocarditis, 38 (37% ingresaron en Medicina Intensiva. Comparándolos con los que no lo hicieron, sufrieron con más frecuencia afectación mitral (OR= 7,13; IC del 95%, 2,12-24; p= 0,002 y embolia cerebral (OR= 3,89; IC del 95%, 1,06-14,3; p= 0,041. La mortalidad fue mayor (42,1 vs 18,8%, p= 0,011, así como la proporción de cirugías urgentes (45,8 vs 5,9%, pObjective: To study the characteristics, evolution and prognosis of patients with infectious endocarditis requiring treatment in the Intensive Care Unit. Design: A prospective, observational cohort study of patients admitted due to infectious endocarditis. Setting: Nuestra Señora de Candelaria University Hospital, a third - level center with a recruitment population of 493,145. Patients: All patients consecutively diagnosed with infectious endocarditis in our center according to the Duke criteria, between 1 January 2005 and 31 July 2011. Study variables: Demographic data, clinical severity scores, microbiological and echocardiographic data, hospital mortality and complications. Results: Out of 102 patients diagnosed with endocarditis, 38 (37% were admitted to Intensive Care. Compared with those patients not admitted to the ICU, these subjects suffered more frequent mitral valve alterations (OR= 7.13; 95%CI: 2.12-24; p= 0.002 and cerebral embolism (OR= 3.89; 95%CI: 1.06-14.3; p= 0.041. In turn, mortality was greater (42.1% vs 18.8%, p= 0.011, as was the proportion of emergency surgeries (45.8% vs 5.9%, p<0.001. The identified mortality predictors were Staphylococcus aureus infection (OR= 3.49; 95%CI 1.02-11.93; p=0.046, heart failure (OR=4.18; 95%CI: 1.17-14.94; p=0.028, cerebral embolism (OR= 8.45; 95%CI: 1.89-37.74; p=0.005 and the SAPS II upon admission (OR=1.09; 95%CI: 1.04-1.15; p<0.001. Conclusions: A large proportion of patients with endocarditis require admission to the Intensive Care Unit, presenting a much poorer prognosis. Staphylococcus aureus infection, heart failure, cerebral embolism and SAPS II scores are independent predictors of hospital mortality.

S. Miranda-Montero

2012-10-01

216

Endocarditis infecciosa: una revisión bibliográfica necesaria / Infectious endocarditis: a necessary literature survey  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Se revisaron diversas fuentes bibliográficas sobre endocarditis infecciosa, especialmente las que trataban aspectos clinicoepidemiológicos, diagnósticos y terapéuticos, a fin de confeccionar un trabajo que constituya un material para el estudio y la actualización de este tema; no obstante, se consid [...] eró la necesidad de continuar dicha investigación sobre otras determinadas características de esta infección para ampliar los conocimientos al respecto. Abstract in english Diverse literature sources on infectious endocarditis were reviewed, especially those that dealt with clinical epidemiological, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects, in order to make an investigation that constitutes a material for the study and the update of this topic; nevertheless, it was considere [...] d the necessity to continue this investigation on other certain characteristics of this infection to widen the knowledge in this respect.

Frank Josué, Perdomo García; Oscar, Martínez Muñiz; Jorge Carlos, Machín Rodríguez; Fredy E, Torralbas Reverón; Sissi, Díaz Ramírez.

2010-02-09

217

Endocarditis by Kocuria rosea in an immunocompetent child  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Kocuria rosea belongs to genus Kocuria (Micrococcaceae family, suborder Micrococcineae, order Actinomycetales) that includes about 11 species of bacteria. Usually, Kocuria sp are commensal organisms that colonize oropharynx, skin and mucous membrane; Kocuria sp infections have been described in the [...] last decade commonly affecting immunocompromised patients, using intravenous catheter or peritoneal dialysis. These patients had mainly bacteremia/recurrent sepsis. We hereby describe the case of a 10-year-old girl, immunocompetent, who had endocarditis/sepsis by K. rosea which was identi?ed in ?ve different blood cultures by Vitek2 ID-GPC card (BioMérieux, France). Negative HIV serology, blood count within normal range of leukocytes/neutrophils and lymphocytes, normal fractions of the complement, normal level of immunoglobulins for the age; lymphocyte immunophenotyping was also within the expected values. Thymus image was normal at chest MRI. No catheters were required. Identi?cation of K. rosea was essential to this case, allowing the differentiation of coagulase-negative staphylococci and use of an effective antibiotic treatment. Careful labo- ratory analysis of Gram-positive blood-born infections may reveal more cases of Kocuria sp infections in immunocompetent patients, which may collaborate for a better understanding, prevention and early treatment of these infections in pediatrics.

Jorge Salomão, Moreira; Adriana Gut Lopes, Riccetto; Marcos Tadeu Nolasco da, Silva; Maria Marluce dos Santos, Vilela.

2015-02-01

218

Endocarditis by Kocuria rosea in an immunocompetent child.  

Science.gov (United States)

Kocuria rosea belongs to genus Kocuria (Micrococcaceae family, suborder Micrococcineae, order Actinomycetales) that includes about 11 species of bacteria. Usually, Kocuria sp are commensal organisms that colonize oropharynx, skin and mucous membrane; Kocuria sp infections have been described in the last decade commonly affecting immunocompromised patients, using intravenous catheter or peritoneal dialysis. These patients had mainly bacteremia/recurrent sepsis. We hereby describe the case of a 10-year-old girl, immunocompetent, who had endocarditis/sepsis by K. rosea which was identified in five different blood cultures by Vitek 2 ID-GPC card (BioMérieux, France). Negative HIV serology, blood count within normal range of leukocytes/neutrophils and lymphocytes, normal fractions of the complement, normal level of immunoglobulins for the age; lymphocyte immunophenotyping was also within the expected values. Thymus image was normal at chest MRI. No catheters were required. Identification of K. rosea was essential to this case, allowing the differentiation of coagulase-negative staphylococci and use of an effective antibiotic treatment. Careful laboratory analysis of Gram-positive blood-born infections may reveal more cases of Kocuria sp infections in immunocompetent patients, which may collaborate for a better understanding, prevention and early treatment of these infections in pediatrics. PMID:25523077

Moreira, Jorge Salomão; Riccetto, Adriana Gut Lopes; da Silva, Marcos Tadeu Nolasco; Vilela, Maria Marluce Dos Santos

2015-01-01

219

Serological and pathogenic characterization of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae isolates from two human cases of endocarditis in Japan.  

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We characterized the serological and pathogenic properties of two Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae isolates from human cases of infective endocarditis in Japan. One isolate was recovered from a fisherman, and was identified as serovar 3, which is known to be prevalent among fish isolates. This strain exhibited high virulence in mice but was avirulent in swine. Another was untypable, and avirulent in both mice and swine. Our results suggest that various serological and athogenical types of E. rhusiopathiae can induce human endocarditis. This is the first report to characterize the pathogenicity of E. rhusiopathiae isolates from human endocarditis. PMID:22143815

Harada, Kazuki; Amano, Kennichiro; Akimoto, Shinnich; Yamamoto, Kinya; Yamamoto, Yoshihiro; Yanagihara, Katsunori; Kohno, Shigeru; Kishida, Naoki; Takahashi, Toshio

2011-10-01

220

Successful Medical Treatment of Prosthetic Mitral Valve Endocarditis Caused by Brucella abortus.  

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Although Brucella endocarditis is a rare complication of human brucellosis, it is the main cause of the mortality in this disease. Traditionally, the therapeutic approach to endocarditis caused by Brucella species requires a combination of antimicrobial therapy and valve replacement surgery. In the literature, only a few cases of mitral prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Brucella species have been successfully treated without reoperation. We present a case of a 42-year-old man with a prosthetic mitral valve infected by Brucella abortus who was cured solely by medical treatment. PMID:25469149

Lee, Seung-Ah; Kim, Kyung-Hee; Shin, Hyo-Sun; Lee, Hee-Sun; Choi, Hong-Mi; Kim, Hyung-Kwan

2014-11-01

221

Rothia aeria endocarditis in a patient with a bicuspid aortic valve: case report.  

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Rothia aeria is an uncommon pathogen mainly associated with endocarditis in case reports. In previous reports, endocarditis by R. aeria was complicated by central nervous system embolization. In the case we report herein, endocarditis by R. aeria was diagnosed after acute self-limited diarrhea. In addition to the common translocation of R. aeria from the oral cavity, we hypothesize the possibility of intestinal translocation. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry and genetic sequencing are important tools that can contribute to early and more accurate etiologic diagnosis of severe infections caused by Gram-positive rods. PMID:24905425

Nicodemo, Antonio Carlos; Gonçalves, Luiz Guilherme; Odongo, Fatuma Catherine Atieno; Martino, Marines Dalla Valle; Sampaio, Jorge Luiz Mello

2014-01-01

222

Rothia aeria endocarditis in a patient with a bicuspid aortic valve: case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Rothia aeria is an uncommon pathogen mainly associated with endocarditis in case reports. In previous reports, endocarditis by R. aeria was complicated by central nervous system embolization. In the case we report herein, endocarditis by R. aeria was diagnosed after acute self-limited diarrhea. In a [...] ddition to the common translocation of R. aeria from the oral cavity, we hypothesize the possibility of intestinal translocation. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry and genetic sequencing are important tools that can contribute to early and more accurate etiologic diagnosis of severe infections caused by Gram-positive rods.

Antonio Carlos, Nicodemo; Luiz Guilherme, Gonçalves; Fatuma Catherine Atieno, Odongo; Marines Dalla Valle, Martino; Jorge Luiz Mello, Sampaio.

2014-09-01

223

Recalcitrant prosthetic valve endocarditis requiring repeated reconstruction: running out of options.  

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In this report we describe a previously healthy 36-year-old man who presented with septic shock secondary to bacterial endocarditis with multiple cerebral, mesenteric, and peripheral embolic phenomena. He underwent emergent porcine prosthetic valve replacement with aortic annular reconstruction. Subsequently, he developed recalcitrant Candida parapsilosis endocarditis requiring treatment with multiple antifungal agents and 4 repeated complex reconstructions of the aortic root and fibrous trigones over 3 years, before the infection was successfully controlled. This case underscores the significant morbidity associated with fungal endocarditis and importance of an early combined medical and surgical approach. PMID:25475479

Pepe, Daniel L; Anantha, Ram V; Currie, Maria E; McCormick, John K; Mele, Tina; Chu, Michael W A

2014-12-01

224

Mycobacterium abscessus: Causing fatal endocarditis after cardiac catheterization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mycobacterium abscessus is an unusual cause of infection in immunocompetent patients. The intrinsic and acquired resistance of this organism to multiple antibiotics is a major issue in planning treatment regimens. We report a case of M. abscessus endocarditis of the native aortic valve in an immunocompetent patient following coronary angiography with a fatal outcome. The case highlights an unfortunate intervention - related nosocomial infection and the difficulties in chemotherapeutic options for this organism, particularly in the presence of renal failure. PMID:25766351

Mahajan, S; Mishra, V; Sorabjee, J

2015-01-01

225

Detection of bacterial endocarditis with technetium-99m-labeled antistaphylococcal antibody.  

Science.gov (United States)

The reliable diagnosis of bacterial endocarditis is an important but difficult clinical problem. The potential ability of technetium-99m-labeled antistaphylococcal antibody to detect infective endocarditis was investigated in a rabbit model. Radiolabeling of the purified antibody was effected by a mild electrolytic procedure, with full retention of immunologic activity. Infective endocarditis was induced in rabbits by placing a catheter through the carotid artery into the left ventricle, followed by i.v. injection of Staphylococcus aureus. The labeled antistaphylococcal antibody was subsequently injected, and its clearance and distribution were studied in the infected rabbits and in normal controls. The ratio of radioactivity on the aortic valve to that in the surrounding heart tissue or blood pool was significantly higher for the infected animals (> 10:1) than for the normals, and should permit visualization of the infection site. This radiolabeled antibody technique may provide a feasible approach to detection of infective endocardial lesions. PMID:7400835

Huang, J T; Raiszadeh, M; Sakimura, I; Montgomerie, J Z; Harwig, J F

1980-08-01

226

Characteristics of Streptococcus bovis endocarditis and its differences with Streptococcus viridans endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) caused by S. bovis and compare them to those caused by streptococci of the viridans group (SVG). A prospective study was undertaken considering 55 consecutive cases of IE due to S. bovis and 41 to SVG over 18 years. The study was divided into two periods (1988-1996 and 1997-2005). S. bovis caused 24% of the IE in our centre and constituted the main aetiology for this disease, showing an increase of 358% during the second period studied. Biotype I was responsible for 94.5% of cases and there was a high degree of association with colon tumours (53%). Over the period of the study, 107 patients admitted to our hospital had bacteraemia caused by S. bovis and 310 patients had bacteraemia caused by SVG. In the first group, 55 (51%) were endocarditis cases, but only 41 (13%) of the patients with SVG bacteraemia had endocarditis (p < 0.0001). The distinguishing features of endocarditis caused by S. bovis in comparison with those caused by SGV were: a greater increase in cases during the 2nd period studied (from 12 to 43 vs. from 19 to 22, p < 0.01), a higher percentage of males (93% vs. 71%, p < 0.004), patients significantly older (median age 66 vs. 58.5, p < 0.004), less predisposing cardiopathy (42% vs. 76%, p < 0.0009), more bivalvular involvement (42% vs. 22%, p < 0.04), more spondylitis (9% vs. 0%, p < 0.04), a higher association with colonic tumours (53% vs. 5%, p < 0.0001), and a higher percentage of antibiotic resistance: erythromycin 66% vs. 19%, p < 0.0001; clindamycin 67% vs. 11%, p < 0.0001; cotrimoxazole 77% vs. 30.5%, p < 0.0001, respectively. IE due to S. bovis is an emergent disease in our environment, presenting different characteristics to those produced by SVG. PMID:18183440

Corredoira, J; Alonso, M P; Coira, A; Casariego, E; Arias, C; Alonso, D; Pita, J; Rodriguez, A; López, M J; Varela, J

2008-04-01

227

Aortic Root Pseudoaneurysm Following Surgery for Aortic Valve Endocarditis  

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Full Text Available Prosthetic aortic valve replacement for aortic valve endocarditis remains a primarypractice of most cardiac surgeons. Usually it cures endocarditis and restores cardiac function.However, in advanced aortic valve endocarditis with complex annular destruction,complications following prosthetic aortic valve replacement do occur and present a formidablechallenge for reoperation.Herein, we describe a case of an adult man who was operated on initially for advancedaortic valve endocarditis with a large periannular abscess cavity and who developed congestiveheart failure 3 months later. Furthermore, he was diagnosed with a giant pseudoaneurysmaround the aortic root without evidence of recurrent infection or aortic prostheticincompetence. During his reoperation, a cryopreserved aortic homograft as a root replacementthat included reimplantation of bilateral coronary artery buttons was used to exteriorizethis pseudoaneurysm and reconstruct a left ventricular outflow tract. The postoperativecourse was unremarkable, and the patient, during a follow-up of 2 years, remained in NewYork Heart Association functional class I.Aortic root pseudoaneurysm following prosthetic aortic valve replacement for infectiveendocarditis is rare in clinical practice and can cause rapid hemodynamic deteriorationwhich requires imminent reoperation. Homograft aortic root replacement has proven to be aversatile treatment option of this complex disease.

Kuei-Ton Tsai

2002-02-01

228

Diagnosis of endocarditis caused by Mycobacterium abscessus  

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Full Text Available We report a fatal case of native valve endocarditis due to Mycobacterium abscessus in a hemodialysis patient. The diagnosis was based on culture isolation of acid-fast bacilli from peripheral blood and a permanent catheter tip, and their identification as M abscessus by a reverse hybridization-based assay and direct DNA sequencing of the 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer region. Rapid diagnosis and combination therapy are essential to minimize mortality due to this pathogen. Although combination therapy was started with clarithromycin and tigecycline, the patient refused to take clarithromycin due to severe abdominal pain. The patient became afebrile after therapy with tigecycline alone although bacteremia persisted. He was discharged against medical advice and readmitted three months later for persistent fever. His blood cultures again yielded M abscessus and a transesophageal echocardiogram showed two mobile vegetations. The patient was noncompliant with therapy and died due to cardiac arrest and multiorgan failure. This report shows that M abscessus should also be considered in the differential diagnosis of infective endocarditis in hemodialysis patients.

Al-Benwan Khalifa

2010-01-01

229

Dexamethasone as Adjuvant Therapy to Moxifloxacin Attenuates Valve Destruction in Experimental Aortic Valve Endocarditis Due to Staphylococcus aureus?  

OpenAIRE

Although the beneficial effects of dexamethasone have frequently been investigated in various serious-infection settings, insufficient data on valve histology and cardiac function for infective endocarditis are available. The efficacy of moxifloxacin for the treatment of experimental aortic valve endocarditis due to methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus and the long-term effects of dexamethasone were evaluated in the current study. Sixty-eight rabbits were randomly assigned to four gr...

Skiadas, Ioannis; Pefanis, Angelos; Papalois, Apostolos; Kyroudi, Aspasia; Triantafyllidi, Helen; Tsaganos, Thomas; Giamarellou, Helen

2007-01-01

230

Tratamento ambulatorial da endocardite bacteriana estreptocócica Tratamiento clínico de la endocarditis bacteriana estreptocócica Ambulatory treatment of streptococcal bacterial endocarditis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A endocardite bacteriana é uma grave doença infecciosa cujo tratamento é tradicionalmente feito com o paciente internado. recebendo medicação intravenosa. A possibilidade de tratamento domiciliar ou ambulatorial. em casos estritamente selecionados. é atraente tanto do ponto de vista social quanto do econômico. Apresentamos o relato de 6 pacientes com diagnóstico de endocardite bacteriana por Streptococcus. tratados parcial ou integralmente em regime ambulatorial. Todos evoluíram sem complicações e com resolução completa do quadro infeccioso.La endocarditis bacteriana es una severa enfermedad infecciosa cuyo tratamiento se hace tradicionalmente con el paciente internado, recibiendo medicación intravenosa. La posibilidad de tratamiento domiciliar o clínico, en casos estrictamente seleccionados, es atractivo desde el punto de vista social como del económico. Presentamos el caso clínico de 6 pacientes con diagnóstico de endocarditis bacteriana por streptococcus, tratados parcial o integralmente en régimen ambulatorio. Todos evolucionaron sin complicaciones y con resolución completa del cuadro infeccioso.Bacterial endocarditis is a severe infectious disease. of which treatment is traditionally carried out in hospitalized patients through intravenous medication. The possibility of at-home or ambulatory treatment. for stringently selected cases. is attractive from the social as well as from the economic point of view. We report 6 patients with a diagnosis of bacterial endocarditis caused by Streptococcus. treated partially or completely on an outpatient basis. All of them evolved without complications and presented complete resolution of the infection.

Sirio Hassem Sobrinho

2010-04-01

231

Beta-hemolytic streptococcus group a endocarditis: a rare clinical presentation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case report of an elderly gentleman is reported herein, who presented with one week history of fever, drowsiness and left lower limb weakness. Examination revealed left lower limb weakness with power of grade 3/5. His workup showed evidence of infection and multiple cerebral infarcts on the right side. Blood culture grew Streptococcus pyogens. Echocardiogram showed two vegetations on the aortic valve. Fever was the main presenting feature in this case but it was the presentation of patient with multiple cerebral infarcts that lead to the diagnosis of infective endocarditis. The organism causing Infective Endocarditis (IE) in this patient was a rare one. (author)

232

Endocarditis infecciosa: Análisis de 5 años (1997-2001 en el Hospital "Hermanos Ameijeiras"  

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Full Text Available Se revisaron 50 historias clínicas de pacientes con endocarditis infecciosa atendidos entre los años 1997 y 2001 para conocer sus características clínicas en un centro terciario y analizar los factores que influyen en la mortalidad. Se recogieron datos generales, válvula afectada, cardiopatía de base, gérmenes causales, complicaciones, antibióticos empleados, hallazgos ecocardiográficos y evolución final, cada variable se relacionó con la mortalidad. Se halló que la edad promedio fue de 51,5 años, predominó la valvulopatía degenerativa (24 %; el germen más aislado fue el Estafilococo coagulasa negativa (22 % y se hallaron vegetaciones en el 52 %. Las variables que se relacionaron con la mortalidad fueron: toma del sistema nervioso central (p = 0,01, infarto pulmonar (p = 0,001, endocarditis de válvula nativa aguda (p = 0,001 y endocarditis de válvula protésica precoz (p = 0,003. Se concluyó que la endocarditis infecciosa es una enfermedad fatal si no se sigue una atención agresiva de los casos agudos o precoces.50 medical histories from patients with infective endocarditis that recieved medical attention between 1997 and 2001 were reviewed to know their clinical characteristics in an institute and to analyze those factors influencing mortality. General data, affected valve, base heart disease, causal germs, complications, antibiotics used, echocardiographic findings and final evolution were collected. Each variable was related to mortality. It was found that the average age was 51.5 years old. There was a predominance of the degenerative valvulopathy (24 %. The negative Staphilococcus coagulase was the most isolated germ (22 % and vegetations were observed in 52 %. The variables connected with mortality were: taking of the central nervous system (p=0.01, lung infarction (p=0.001, endocarditis of acute native valve (p=0.001 and endocarditis of early prosthetic valve (p=0.003. It was concluded that infective endocarditis may be a fatal disease if the acute or early cases do not receive an aggressive attention .

José Eugenio Negrín Expósito

2003-10-01

233

[Bacterial endocarditis after treatment by a natural healer].  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe a case of endocarditis caused by Propionibacterium acnes after a series of 'vitamin' injections and semipermanent acupuncture needle maneuvers by a natural healer. The patient had prosthetic heart valves. We found that the most probable source of infection was the treatment by the natural healer and therefore wish to warn against invasive treatment of such high-risk patients by laymen. If such treatment is insisted upon in spite of such warnings, antibiotic prophylaxis should be considered. PMID:1948866

Scheel, O; Sundsfjord, A; Lunde, P

1991-09-20

234

Pacemaker endocarditis caused by Propionibacterium acnes in an adult patient with Ebstein's anomaly: a report of a rare case.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a rare case of a Brazilian adult woman with Ebstein's Anomaly who presented with pacemaker endocarditis caused by Propionibacterium acnes. Ebstein's Anomaly is a rare congenital malformation of the heart. Infective endocarditis is defined as an infection of heart valves, of the mural endocardium, of a septal defect, or of a cardiac electronic implantable device. Propionibacterium acnes is a skin commensal bacterium, that is usually considered as a contaminant, but can, on rare occasions, cause serious infections including endocarditis of prosthetic valves, native valves and cardiac electronic implantable devices. Diagnosis was made after nearly two years of investigation by identification of the organism by the MALDI-TOF technique and transoesophageal echocardiogram. The patient was successfully treated with daptomycin and device removal. She remains free of endocarditis after 32 months of follow-up. PMID:25047281

Santo, Karla R E; Franceschi, Vinicius; Campos, André C B; Monteiro, Thaíssa S; Barbosa, Giovanna I F; Dantas, Angela; Lamas, Cristiane C

2014-10-01

235

Healthcare-Associated Infective Endocarditis: a Case Series in a Referral Hospital from 2006 to 2011 / Endocardite Infecciosa Associada aos Cuidados de Saúde: Série de Casos em Hospital de Referência entre 2006 e 2011  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Fundamento: A endocardite infecciosa associada aos cuidados de saúde (EI-ACS) é uma complicação grave associada aos cuidados médico-hospitalares, com uma incidência crescente na população. Objetivo: Avaliar a EI-ACS com relação à sua epidemiologia, etiologia, fatores de risco de aquisição, compli [...] cações, tratamento cirúrgico e quadro clínico. Métodos: Este estudo de caráter observacional e prospectivo avaliou uma série de casos reportados entre 2006 e 2011 em um hospital público no Rio de Janeiro. Resultados: Cinquenta e três pacientes com EI-ACS de um total de 151 casos de endocardite infecciosa (EI) foram incluídos no estudo, dos quais 26 (49%) eram do sexo masculino (idade média de 47 ± 18,7 anos), e 27 (51%) eram sexo feminino (idade média de 42 ± 20,1 anos). Quadros clínicos agudos de EI ocorreram em 37 casos (70%) e quadros subagudos em 16 casos (30%). A válvula mitral foi afetada em 19 casos (36%), e a valva aórtica em 12 casos (36%). As válvulas cardíacas protéticas foram afetadas em 23 casos (43%), e as válvulas cardíacas nativas em 30 casos (57%). O acesso venoso profundo foi usado em 43 pacientes (81%). Hemoculturas negativas foram observadas em amostras de 11 pacientes (21%). Nas hemoculturas positivas, Enterococcus faecalis foi identificado em 10 casos (19%), Staphylococcus aureus em 9 casos (17%) e Candida sp. em 7 casos (13%). Febre ocorreu em 49 pacientes (92%), esplenomegalia em 12 pacientes (23%), novo sopro de regurgitação valvar em 31 pacientes (58%) e proteína C reativa elevada em 44 pacientes (83%). O ecocardiograma apresentou critérios principais em 46 casos (87%). Trinta e quatro pacientes (64%) foram submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca. A mortalidade ocorreu em 17 casos (32%). Conclusão: EI-ACS afeta pacientes mais jovens no Brasil. As válvulas cardíacas protéticas e nativas foram afetadas em proporção semelhante. A cirurgia não cardíaca foi um fator predisponente pouco frequente, ao passo que o acesso intravenoso foi um fator predisponente comum. Infecções por S. aureus foram significativamente mais frequentes em casos de EI-ACS envolvendo a válvula cardíaca nativa. A mortalidade por EI-ACS é elevada. Abstract in english Background: Healthcare-associated infective endocarditis (HCA-IE), a severe complication of medical care, shows a growing incidence in literature. Objective: To evaluate epidemiology, etiology, risk factors for acquisition, complications, surgical treatment, and outcome of HCA-IE. Methods: Obse [...] rvational prospective case series study (2006-2011) in a public hospital in Rio de Janeiro. Results: Fifty-three patients with HCA-IE from a total of 151 cases of infective endocarditis (IE) were included. There were 26 (49%) males (mean age of 47 ± 18.7 years), 27 (51%) females (mean age of 42 ± 20.1 years). IE was acute in 37 (70%) cases and subacute in 16 (30%) cases. The mitral valve was affected in 19 (36%) patients and the aortic valve in 12 (36%); prosthetic valves were affected in 23 (43%) patients and native valves in 30 (57%). Deep intravenous access was used in 43 (81%) cases. Negative blood cultures were observed in 11 (21%) patients, Enterococcus faecalis in 10 (19%), Staphylococcus aureus in 9 (17%), and Candida sp. in 7 (13%). Fever was present in 49 (92%) patients, splenomegaly in 12 (23%), new regurgitation murmur in 31 (58%), and elevated C-reactive protein in 44/53 (83%). Echocardiograms showed major criteria in 46 (87%) patients, and 34 (64%) patients were submitted to cardiac surgery. Overall mortality was 17/53 (32%). Conclusion: In Brazil HCA-IE affected young subjects. Patients with prosthetic and native valves were affected in a similar proportion, and non-cardiac surgery was an infrequent predisposing factor, whereas intravenous access was a common one. S. aureus was significantly frequent in native valve HCA-IE, and overall mortality was high.

Oslan, Francischetto; Luciana Almenara Pereira da, Silva; Katia Marie Simões e, Senna; Marcia Regina, Vasques; Giovanna Ferraiuoli, Barbosa; Clara, Weksler; Rosana Grandelle, Ramos; Wilma Felix, Golebiovski; Cristiane da Cruz, Lamas.

2014-10-01

236

Tropheryma whipplei tricuspid endocarditis: a case report and review of the literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The main clinical manifestations of Whipple's disease are weight loss, arthropathy, diarrhea and abdominal pain. Cardiac involvement is frequently described. However, endocarditis is rare and is not usually the initial presentation of the disease. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a patient with Tropheryma whipplei tricuspid endocarditis without any other valve involved and not presenting signs of arthralgia and abdominal involvement. Case presentation We report a case of a 50-year-old Caucasian man with tricuspid endocarditis caused by Tropheryma whipplei, showing signs of severe shock and an absence of other more classic clinical signs of Whipple's disease, such as arthralgia, abdominal pain and diarrhea. Tropheryma whipplei was documented by polymerase chain reaction of the blood and pleural fluid. The infection was treated with a combined treatment of doxycycline, hydroxychloroquine and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim for one year. Conclusion Tropheryma whipplei infectious endocarditis should always be considered when facing a blood-culture negative endocarditis particularly in right-sided valves. Although not standardized yet, treatment of Tropheryma whipplei endocarditis should probably include a bactericidal antibiotic (such as doxycycline and should be given over a prolonged period of time (a minimum of one year.

Greub Gilbert

2010-08-01

237

First report of Bartonella quintana endocarditis in Japan.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bartonella (Rochalimaea) species are increasingly recognized as a cause of endocarditis, but the total number of cases remains low. Especially, Bartonella quintana endocarditis is very rare and there have been no reports in Japan. A 66-year-old man was hospitalized because of dyspnea and fever. An echocardiogram showed severe mitral valve regurgitation, mild aortic valve regurgitation, and echogenic masses on the mitral and aortic valve. Six sets of blood cultures were negative. Replacement of the mitral- and aortic-valve with a mechanical valve was performed. However, due to symptomatic para-valvular leakage a re-mitral valve replacement was later performed. Unfortunately, the patient died 1 month after the operation owing to multiple organ failure. Four weeks after the second operation, blood culture yielded a Gram-negative bacillus. DNA was extracted from the colony and subjected to polymerase chain reaction amplification. Nucleotide sequence analysis (1,500 nucleotide positions) and a BLAST search of the EMBL/GENBANK database revealed 99.9% homology with the Bartonella quintana 16S rRNA gene. This is the first report of Bartonella quintana endocarditis in Japan, and should be considered with the view of culture negative endocarditis. PMID:18503234

Yoda, Masataka; Hata, Mitsumasa; Sezai, Akira; Unosawa, Satoshi; Furukawa, Nobuyuki; Minami, Kazutomo

2008-06-01

238

Histologic and bacteriologic findings in valvular endocarditis of slaughter-age pigs  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Endocarditis lesions from 117 slaughter pigs were examined pathologically and etiologically in addition to 90 control hearts with cardiac valves. Lesions were located on the valves; however, the lesions had extended to the walls in 21 cases (18%). Lesions predominated on the mitral valve (59%). A total of 28 cases, from which no growth was obtained or a contamination flora was grown, were screened by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for bacteria (general bacterial probe) and probes specific for Streptococcus suis and Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, respectively. Using FISH, an additional 10 cases of endocarditis due to S. suis and E. rhusiopathiae were disclosed. Within lesions, streptococci predominated (53%) followed by E. rhusiopathiae (30%). Distinct features of both the lesions and the shape and localization of bacterial colonies were related to streptococci and E. rhusiopathiae. The propensity for streptococci to be localized on more than 1 valve in single hearts may be because S. suis-infected pigs tend to have been infected for a longer period compared with E. rhusiopathiae. Mineralization of endocarditis lesions was significantly associated with infection by streptococci, and was seen in 71% of the cases, whereas it was present in only 28% of lesions caused by E. rhusiopathiae. In addition, areas with mineralization were significantly correlated to the presence of a granulomatous reaction. Granulomatous endocarditis is likely a result of a foreign body reaction due to dystrophic mineralization. Local proliferation of valvular endothelial cells, found in 9 hearts in the current study, may increase the risk of developing thrombosing endocarditis in pigs.

Jensen, Henrik E.; Gyllensten, Johanna

2010-01-01

239

Valve replacement in endocarditis: setting limits in noncompliant intravenous drug abusers.  

Science.gov (United States)

An intravenous (IV) drug abuser underwent repeated valve replacements because of recurrent infective endocarditis. Is it ethically permissible to withhold valve surgery in a recalcitrant, noncompliant IV drug abuser? We believe so, and in our analysis, discuss the principles of futility, rationing, personal responsibility, and justice. Because of her continued drug abuse, the patient is responsible and accountable for the medical consequences. The consequences are that physicians will not be able to provide her with beneficial treatments without disproportionate harm, and that society will no longer be able to provide resources for her treatment without unfairly jeopardizing the availability of resources for other members of society. Although valve surgery does not constitute futile treatment, maximizing and egalitarian principles of societal justice support the withholding of such an expensive intervention. The patient should be jointly evaluated by the physician, social worker, and psychiatrist. The medical team will emphasize patient compliance and willingness to undergo drug rehabilitation, and will offer the first valve replacement. The recidivist abuser with demonstrable non-compliance who sustains a second episode of endocarditis need not be offered another valve. To avoid bedside rationing, we recommend the formulation of such a policy by nations and professional bodies. PMID:16895269

Yeo, Khung-Keong; Chang, Willis J K W; Lau, Jeffrey M; Tan, Siang-Yong

2006-06-01

240

A Pediatric Case of Cardiobacterium Hominis Endocarditis  

OpenAIRE

Gram negative endocarditis is relatively rare in pediatrics but when they occur they are most frequently caused by one of the HACEK (Haemophilus species, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, C. hominis, Eikenella corrodens and Kingella kingae) group of microorganisms. Within the HACEK group of microorganisms there have been approximately 100 cases of Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis reported in the literature, but only 2 previous cases of endocarditis and one case of pericarditis have be...

Priyanka Suresh; Alexander Blackwood, R.

2013-01-01

241

Kodamaea ohmeri tricuspid valve endocarditis with right ventricular inflow obstruction in a neonate with structurally normal heart  

OpenAIRE

The yeast Kodamaea (Pichia) ohmeri is a rare human pathogen with infrequent report of neonatal infection. Native valve endocarditis by Kodamaea ohmeri is extremely rare. The current case report describes a case of fatal nosocomial native valve endocarditis without any structural heart defects in a 40dayold baby. The patient was referred to our institute after having ICU stay of 18 days in another hospital for necrotizing enterocolitis and was found to have obstructive tricuspid valve mass and...

Sundaram, Ponnusamy S.; Bijulal, Sasidharan; Tharakan, Jaganmohan A.; Antony, Molly

2011-01-01

242

Identification of Streptococcus sanguinis Genes Required for Biofilm Formation and Examination of Their Role in Endocarditis Virulence?  

OpenAIRE

Streptococcus sanguinis is one of the pioneers in the bacterial colonization of teeth and is one of the most abundant species in the oral biofilm called dental plaque. S. sanguinis is also the most common viridans group streptococcal species implicated in infective endocarditis. To investigate the association of biofilm and endocarditis, we established a biofilm assay and examined biofilm formation with a signature-tagged mutagenesis library of S. sanguinis. Four genes that have not previousl...

Ge, Xiuchun; Kitten, Todd; Chen, Zhenming; Lee, Sehmi P.; Munro, Cindy L.; Xu, Ping

2008-01-01

243

Reemplazo de válvula mitral consecutivo a endocarditis micótica / Mitral valve replacement due to mycotic endocarditis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Se presenta el caso clínico de un niño de 15 meses de edad, el cual experimentó varias infecciones en la etapa neonatal (entre ellas por Candida albicans) y otras complicaciones; sin embargo, no pudo recibir el esquema terapéutico completo contra la candidiasis sistémica por habérsele diagnosticado [...] un daño funcional hepático. Posteriormente, al detectársele una endocarditis micótica, se le reemplazó la válvula mitral. En su último ingreso padecía, además, broncoespasmo asociado a neumonía bacteriana, anemia carencial, deshidratación isotónica moderada, acidosis metabólica e inmunodeficiencia mixta, causantes de una insuficiencia multiorgánica que le produjo la muerte al día siguiente de su admisión hospitalaria. Abstract in english A case report of a child aged 15 months who underwent several infections (i.e. due to Candida albicans) and other complications during the neonatal stage is presented. However, he could not receive the complete treatment against systemic candidiasis because of an impairment of liver function. Subseq [...] uently, mitral valve was replaced when detecting mycotic endocarditis. In addition, while being hospitalized for the last time, he underwent bronchial spasm associated with bacterial pneumonia, deficiency anemia, mild isotonic dehydration, non-respiratory acidosis, and mixed immunodeficiency which caused multiple organ failure and death the day after his hospital admission.

Yalili, Pouymiró Brooks; Iarmila, Pouymiró Brooks; Pedro Omar, Pouymiró Pubillones.

1008-10-01

244

Afasia post acv de acm unilateral por embolia infecciosa en endocarditis bacteriana / Aphasia post unilateral cerebral media stroke associated to infectious embolism in acute bacterial endocarditis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Se reporta el caso de un paciente con endocarditis infecciosa que sufre un accidente cerebro vascular (ACV) isquémico a nivel parieto-occipital e ínsula posterior izquierda, con manifestaciones afásicas de rasgos mixtos, donde prima la fluidez y los problemas de repetición, agresividad, agrafia y di [...] ficultades de lectura. Es un caso llamativo por la singularidad de los hallazgos y la mejoría funcional posterior al evento. Son escasos reportes en la literatura que muestren una complicación afásica por una endocarditis infecciosa con vegetaciones aórticas por Streptococo mitis versus S. oralis. El origen de la endocarditis infecciosa fue atribuido a procedimiento de endodoncia, y justificado en hallazgos de RMN, punción lumbar y ECO-TE. En la actualidad, el paciente posee un lenguaje funcional, con ciertas dificultades a nivel del lenguaje expresivo y de la comprensión. Abstract in english We present a clinical report of a patient with infective endocarditis who suffered an ischemic stroke at the parietal occipital and posterior insula, with aphasic demonstrations including mixed features, primordially exhibiting fluency and repetition problems, aggression, dysgraphia, and reading dif [...] ficulties. It is a striking case because of the uniqueness of the findings and the functional improvement after the event. There are few previous reports describing an association between these bacteria and this injury and the patient's improvement. The cause of the endocarditis was attributed to an endodontic procedure because other paraclinical tests made during medical care showed no other apparent cause. Currently the patient only has difficulty with expressive language and understanding certain commands.

Germán, Cantillo Mackenzie; Andersson L, Rozo A.; Juan Camilo, Suárez-Escudero.

2014-04-01

245

Community-associated Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia and Endocarditis among HIV Patients: A cohort study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background HIV patients are at increased risk of development of infections and infection-associated poor health outcomes. We aimed to 1 assess the prevalence of USA300 community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA among HIV-infected patients with S. aureus bloodstream infections and. 2 determine risk factors for infective endocarditis and in-hospital mortality among patients in this population. Methods All adult HIV-infected patients with documented S. aureus bacteremia admitted to the University of Maryland Medical Center between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2005 were included. CA-MRSA was defined as a USA300 MRSA isolate with the MBQBLO spa-type motif and positive for both the arginine catabolic mobile element and Panton-Valentin Leukocidin. Risk factors for S. aureus-associated infective endocarditis and mortality were determined using logistic regression to calculate odds ratios (OR and 95% confidence intervals (CI. Potential risk factors included demographic variables, comorbid illnesses, and intravenous drug use. Results Among 131 episodes of S. aureus bacteremia, 85 (66% were MRSA of which 47 (54% were CA-MRSA. Sixty-three patients (48% developed endocarditis and 10 patients (8% died in the hospital on the index admission Patients with CA-MRSA were significantly more likely to develop endocarditis (OR = 2.73, 95% CI = 1.30, 5.71. No other variables including comorbid conditions, current receipt of antiretroviral therapy, pre-culture severity of illness, or CD4 count were significantly associated with endocarditis and none were associated with in-hospital mortality. Conclusions CA-MRSA was significantly associated with an increased incidence of endocarditis in this cohort of HIV patients with MRSA bacteremia. In populations such as these, in which the prevalence of intravenous drug use and probability of endocarditis are both high, efforts must be made for early detection, which may improve treatment outcomes.

Stine Oscar C

2011-10-01

246

Antibiotic prophylaxis for endocarditis: time to reconsider.  

Science.gov (United States)

Some cardiac conditions require antibiotic prophylaxis for some types of dental treatment to reduce the risk of infective endocarditis (IE). All medical and dental practitioners are familiar with this practice but tend to use different regimens in apparently similar circumstances. Generally, the trend has been to prescribe antibiotics if in doubt. This review explores the evidence for antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent IE: does it work and is it safe? The changing nature of IE, the role of bacteraemia of oral origin and the safety of antibiotics are also reviewed. Most developed countries have national guidelines and their points of similarity and difference are discussed. One can only agree with the authority who describes antibiotic guidelines for endocarditis as being 'like the Dead Sea Scrolls, they are fragmentary, imperfect, capable of various interpretations and (mainly) missing!' Clinical case-controlled studies show that the more widely antibiotics are used, the greater the risk of adverse reactions exceeding the risk of IE. However, the consensus is that antibiotic prophylaxis is mandatory for a small number of high-risk cardiac and high-risk dental procedures. There are a large number of low-risk cardiac and dental procedures in which the risk of adverse reactions to the antibiotics exceeds the risk of IE, where prophylaxis should not be provided. There is an intermediate group of cardiac and dental procedures for which careful individual evaluation should be made to determine whether IE or antibiotics pose the greater risk. These categories are presented. All medical and dental practitioners need to reconsider their approach in light of these current findings. PMID:16416720

Singh, J; Straznicky, I; Avent, M; Goss, A N

2005-12-01

247

Surgical management of late prosthetic valve endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Among 32 patients with late prosthetic valve endocarditis selected from two cooperative retrospective studies, ten had valve replacement: six men and four women, mean age being 48 years, ranging from 23 to 65 years old. An emergency reoperation was undertaken for refractory heart failure in seven out of ten cases, with an average delay of 6.6 days after the beginning of antibiotic therapy. In the other three cases, the operation was carried out at the end of 40 days of antibiotic therapy, once for recurrent endocarditis and twice for severe aortic insufficiency. The most common causative micro organism was the staphylococcus (7 out of 10 cases). The infected prosthetic valves were, in 8 out of the 10 cases, in the aortic position. The outcome was poor as the mortality rate was 60% (6 out of the 7 patients operated on in an emergency). Death was attributed to heart failure with conduction disturbances and severe aortic regurgitation (2 cases), cerebral emboli (2 cases), septicopyemia (2 cases). Four patients of the ten, after a mean follow up of 10 months, are cured without prosthetic valve dysfunction. The extreme gravity of prognosis seems related to the microorganism (staphylococcus), to the delay between the beginning of antibiotic therapy and the onset of the fever, and finally to the extension of destructive lesions under the prosthetic valve implantation base; the reimplantation of the prosthesis on frail and abscessed tissue implies a substantial risk of disinsertion. The indications for systematic early reoperation in cases of severe acute heart failure are discussed. PMID:6884373

Vacheron, A; Bastin, R; Heulin, A; Frottier, J; Baubion, N; Bernard, C; Delage, F; Donne, C; Wertheimer, J

1983-04-01

248

Austrian syndrome in the context of a fulminant pneumococcal native valve endocarditis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available This is the case of a young male suffering from Austrian syndrome, which is the triad of endocarditis, meningitis, and pneumonia due to invasive S. pneumoniae infection. He reported recurrent fever for six months without any antibiotic treatment, which may have determined the further course of the s [...] yndrome. Echocardiography revealed massive native valve endocarditis, and the patient was considered for ultima-ratio cardiac surgery. Intraoperative aspect presented extensive affection of the aortic root with full destruction of aortic valve, mitral valve, and aortomitral continuity. The myocardium showed a phlegmonlike infiltration. Microbiologic testing of intraoperatively collected specimens identified penicillin-sensitive Streptococcus pneumoniae. S. pneumoniae is a very uncommon cause for infective infiltrative endocarditis and is associated with severe clinical courses. Austrian syndrome is even more rare, with only a few reported cases worldwide. In those patients, only early diagnosis, immediate antibiotic treatment, and emergent cardiac surgery can save lives.

Manuel, Wilbring; Sems-Malte, Tugtekin; Klaus, Matschke; Utz, Kappert.

2012-10-01

249

Acute disseminated histoplasmosis and endocarditis  

OpenAIRE

Acute disseminated histoplasmosis is a frequent condition in HIV carriers. Thirty-five cases of endocarditis caused by Histoplasma capsulatum have been reported in international literature, and all these descriptions correspond to a context of subacute disseminated histoplasmosis. This paper presents the case of a HIV-positive patient with fever, dyspnea, weight loss, vomiting and polyadenopathies to whom histoplasmosis was diagnosed following blood-cultures and isolation of the agent respons...

Scapellato, Pablo G.; Desse, Javier; Negroni, Ricardo

1998-01-01

250

Artritis séptica como manifestación inicial de endocarditis bacteriana por Staphylococcus aureus / Septic arthritis as an initial manifestation of bacterial endocarditis caused by Staphylococcus aureus  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Comunicamos un caso de endocarditis bacteriana por Staphylococcus aureus, sobre válvula mitral nativa, en un varón de 80 años, que debutó con una monoartritis séptica, de la articulación glenohumeral, sin manifestaciones cardiológicas iniciales. La respuesta clínica inicial tras drenaje articular y [...] tratamiento antibiótico fue apropiada, pero la aparición de insuficiencia cardiaca recomendó el recambio quirúrgico de la válvula mitral. El paciente falleció súbitamente, el día previo a la intervención. En la literatura médica (Index Medicus, Medline, Embase, Excerpta Medica hasta 08/2005) están descritos 26 casos, de endocarditis bacteriana con afectación articular inicial, ninguno de ellos séptica, y solamente uno en la articulación glenohumeral. Queremos incidir en la necesidad de investigar la existencia de endocarditis bacteriana en toda artritis séptica, sin factores de riesgo evidentes, dadas las implicaciones pronosticas y terapéuticas. Abstract in english We describe a case of Staphylococcus aureus mitral valve endocarditis, in a 80-year-old man who presented with abrupt onset of septic arthritis of the glenohumeral joint, whithout cardiac sintomatology. Fever and articular infection recovery after articular drainage and antimicrobial therapy, but wo [...] rsening caused by heart failure made valve replacement surgery urgent.He died sudendly before surgery could be done, Until august 2005, in medical literature (Index Medicus, Medline, Embase, Excerpta Medica), we have found 26 cases of bacterial endocarditis with articular infection, as initial manifestation, but none whith septic arthritis and only one in the glenohumeral joint. This report highligths that unexplained arthritis should alert us to the possibility of bacterial endocarditis because their influence on the clinical management and pronostic implications.

A., Martínez Oviedo; P., Gracia Sánchez; E., Pueo; J. M., Chopo.

2006-04-01

251

Preprocedure prophylaxis against endocarditis among United States pediatric cardiologists.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to determine current practices regarding prophylaxis against infective endocarditis among pediatric cardiologists in the United States 5 years after publication of the most recent American Heart Association (AHA) recommendations. A descriptive, analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2012 to November 2012 in the format of an anonymous self-administered e-mailed questionnaire among pediatric cardiologists across the United States. The questionnaire inquired about demographic information of cardiologists and their current practices of prescribing preprocedure antibiotic prophylaxis against endocarditis to patients with specific preexisting cardiac conditions. Descriptive analyses were done in percentages. Frequency and exploratory statistical analyses were done by the Chi-square method. Of the 980 cardiologists invited, 221 (23 %) responded to the survey. The findings showed that pediatric cardiologists generally follow the AHA guidelines. The most common cardiac conditions in which antibiotics were administered despite AHA guidelines not requiring prophylaxis were rheumatic heart disease with aortic insufficiency, transposition of the great vessels after the Mustard procedure, bicuspid aortic valve with severe aortic stenosis, cardiac transplantation without valvar disease, and bicuspid aortic valve with severe aortic insufficiency. More experienced pediatric cardiologists were significantly more likely to administer prophylaxis to certain patients than their less experienced peers. Many pediatric cardiologists in the United States continue to administer preprocedure antibiotic prophylaxis against endocarditis even when not recommended to do so per the 2007 AHA guidelines. With certain lesions, highly experienced pediatric cardiologists are more likely to administer prophylaxis than their less experienced counterparts. PMID:24821297

Patel, Jasminkumar; Kupferman, Fernanda; Rapaport, Susana; Kern, Jeffrey H

2014-10-01

252

Brucella endocarditis on double valvular prosthesis.  

OpenAIRE

The case is reported of a 48-year-old man suffering from Brucella endocarditis on a double prosthesis. The successful medical and surgical treatment is described. So far as the authors know, this is the first report of Brucella endocarditis from a heart valve prosthesis.

Lezaun, R.; Teruel, J.; Mai?tre, M. J.; Artaza, M.

1980-01-01

253

Septicemia and Aortic Valve Endocarditis due to Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae in a Homeless Man.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of bacterial endocarditis due to Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae in a homeless man with no animal exposure. His course was complicated by an allergic reaction to ampicillin, urinary bladder infection, respiratory failure, and acute kidney injury. He recovered completely after aortic valve replacement and a 6-week course of intravenous ceftriaxone. PMID:23662222

Campbell, Dean; Cowan, Mark

2013-01-01

254

Septicemia and Aortic Valve Endocarditis due to Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae in a Homeless Man  

OpenAIRE

We report a case of bacterial endocarditis due to Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae in a homeless man with no animal exposure. His course was complicated by an allergic reaction to ampicillin, urinary bladder infection, respiratory failure, and acute kidney injury. He recovered completely after aortic valve replacement and a 6-week course of intravenous ceftriaxone.

Dean Campbell; Mark Cowan

2013-01-01

255

Propionibacterium acnes endocarditis on an annuloplasty ring in an adolescent boy  

OpenAIRE

Propionibacterium acnes, a constituent of the human cutaneous flora, infected both the native mitral valve and a Carpentier mitral annuloplasty ring in an adolescent patient. In the case of culture negative endocarditis, the incubation period of blood cultures should be prolonged to identify this pathogen.

Vanagt, W. Y.; Daenen, W. J.; Delhaas, T.

2004-01-01

256

Native Valve Endocarditis due to Ralstonia pickettii: A Case Report and Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

Ralstonia pickettii is a rare pathogen and even more rare in healthy individuals. Here we report a case of R. pickettii bacteremia leading to aortic valve abscess and complete heart block. To our knowledge this is the first case report of Ralstonia species causing infective endocarditis with perivalvular abscess. PMID:25648998

Orme, Joseph; Rivera-Bonilla, Tomas; Loli, Akil; Blattman, Negin N.

2015-01-01

257

Pacemaker Lead Endocarditis Due to Multidrug-Resistant Corynebacterium striatum Detected with Sonication of the Device ?  

OpenAIRE

Corynebacterium striatum is a commensal of human skin and has been recently recognized as an emerging pathogen. A case of nosocomial pacemaker lead endocarditis due to a multidrug-resistant C. striatum strain is described, highlighting the role of sonication as a diagnostic tool in cardiac device infections.

Oliva, Alessandra; Belvisi, Valeria; Iannetta, Marco; Andreoni, Carolina; Mascellino, Maria T.; Lichtner, Miriam; Vullo, Vincenzo; Mastroianni, Claudio M.

2010-01-01

258

FimA, a major virulence factor associated with Streptococcus parasanguis endocarditis.  

OpenAIRE

Adherence of microorganisms to damaged heart tissue is a crucial event in the pathogenesis of infective endocarditis. In the present study, we investigated the role of the FimA protein as a potential virulence factor associated with Streptococcus parasanguis endocarditis. FimA is a 36-kDa surface protein that is a recognized adhesin in the oral cavity where it mediates adherence to the salivary pellicle. An insertion mutant and a deletion mutant of S. parasanguis were employed in the rat mode...

Burnette-curley, D.; Wells, V.; Viscount, H.; Munro, C. L.; Fenno, J. C.; Fives-taylor, P.; Macrina, F. L.

1995-01-01

259

Immunization with FimA protects against Streptococcus parasanguis endocarditis in rats.  

OpenAIRE

FimA, a surface-associated protein of Streptococcus parasanguis, is associated with initial colonization of damaged heart tissue in an endocarditis model (D. Burnette-Curley, V. Wells, H. Viscount, C. Munro, J. Fenno, P. Fives-Taylor, and F. Macrina, Infect. Immun. 63:4669-4674, 1995). We have evaluated the efficacy of recombinant FimA as a vaccine in the rat model of endocarditis and investigated in vitro the mechanism for the protective role of immunization. FimA-immunized and nonimmunized ...

Viscount, H. B.; Munro, C. L.; Burnette-curley, D.; Peterson, D. L.; Macrina, F. L.

1997-01-01

260

Multi-embolic ST-elevation myocardial infarction secondary to aortic valve endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present the case of a 42 year-old woman admitted to hospital with ST-elevation myocardial infarction involving two separate coronary territories. Angiography revealed multi-embolic occlusions of her left anterior descending (LAD) and first obtuse marginal (OM1) coronary arteries. Transoesophageal echocardiogram (TOE) showed a lesion attached to the left cusp of the aortic valve and she was treated for infective endocarditis. We discuss the management issues raised from this unique patient, including reperfusion strategies in endocarditis-associated myocardial infarction. PMID:25150649

Rischin, Adam P; Carrillo, Philip; Layland, Jamie

2015-01-01

261

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae-induced aortic valve endocarditis: case report and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is a pathogen of zoonosis often associated with occupational exposure. Although Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae infection has high mortality, the heart valves in humans are rarely involved. The clinical data of a case of a 65-year-old male with Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae-induced aortic valve endocarditis was summarized retrospectively and analyzed with a literature review. Based on a literature review and our experience, cases of E. rhusiopathiae-induced aortic valve endocarditis are extremely rare and surgical treatment for this condition is useful and recommended. PMID:25785050

Hua, Ping; Liu, Jialiang; Tao, Jun; Liu, Jianyang; Yang, Yanqi; Yang, Songran

2015-01-01

262

Brucellosis with p-ANCA-associated renal failure, leukocytoclastic vasculitis and endocarditis: Case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The relationship between brucellosis and p-antinuclear cytoplasmic antibody (p-ANCA-associated vasculitis (pAAV is a rare condition. Herein, we report a 52-year-old man who was diagnosed as rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN and endocarditis due to brucellosis. He was treated with antimicrobial agents, steroids, plasmapheresis, renal replacement therapy and aortic valve replacement. According to our best of knowledge, no similar case has been reportedpreviously in the literature in regard to p-ANCA anti-lactoferrin antibodies associated-glomerulonephritis with brucellosis and endocarditis. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2011;1(1:31-34.

Murat Turgay, Esin Ertu?rul, Orhan Küçük?ahin, Ali ?ahin

2011-06-01

263

Endocarditis bacteriana por Kocuria kristinae en paciente inmunocompetente: Reporte de un caso / Bacterial endocarditis by Kocuria kristinae in an inmunocompetent patient: Case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las infecciones por microorganismos del género Kocuria spp. han sido descritas con mayor frecuencia en pacientes con enfermedades crónicas y estados de inmunosupresión. Comúnmente, no se ha reportado su aislamiento como causa de endocarditis en pacientes jóvenes e inmunocompetentes. Se deben diferen [...] ciar de las infecciones producidas por Staphylococcus spp. ya que su evolución clínica puede ser similar y sólo el aislamiento y tipifi cación en cultivos permite hacer el diagnóstico etiológico defi nitivo y dirigir la terapia antibiótica adecuada. Se describe el caso de un paciente joven e inmunocompetente que cursó con endocarditis bacteriana, aislándose Kocuria kristinae en hemocultivos. Abstract in english Infections by microorganisms of the genus Kocuria spp. have been reported more frequently in patients with chronic diseases and immunosuppression. Its isolation has not been reported as cause of endocarditis in young and immunocompetent patients. It should be differentiated from infections caused by [...] Staphylococcus spp. given that their clinical course may be similar and that only the isolation and typification in cultures allows definitive etiologic diagnosis and direct appropriate antibiotic therapy. We describe the case of an immunocompetent young patient who presented bacterial endocarditis and in whose blood cultures kristinae Kocuria was isolated.

Alirio R, Bastidas; Carlos A, Vélez; Carol V, Gutiérrez M; Nancy J, Bahamón.

2013-09-01

264

Aneurisma micótico abdominal e embolia cerebral associados à endocardite infecciosa em paciente com doença valvar reumática crônica Abdominal mycotic aneurysm and cerebral embolic event associated with infective endocarditis in a patient with chronic rheumatic valvar disease  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Relatamos o caso de uma menina com doença valvar crônica devido à febre reumática que apresentou endocardite infecciosa e duas complicações: acidente vascular cerebral devido à embolia e aneurisma micótico da artéria mesentérica superior.We report the case of a girl with chronic rheumatic valvar heart disease who developed infeccious endocarditis and two complications, ischemic stroke due to cerebral embolic event and mycotic aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery.

Bernadete Lourdes Liphaus

2007-01-01

265

Aneurisma micótico abdominal e embolia cerebral associados à endocardite infecciosa em paciente com doença valvar reumática crônica Abdominal mycotic aneurysm and cerebral embolic event associated with infective endocarditis in a patient with chronic rheumatic valvar disease  

OpenAIRE

Relatamos o caso de uma menina com doença valvar crônica devido à febre reumática que apresentou endocardite infecciosa e duas complicações: acidente vascular cerebral devido à embolia e aneurisma micótico da artéria mesentérica superior.We report the case of a girl with chronic rheumatic valvar heart disease who developed infeccious endocarditis and two complications, ischemic stroke due to cerebral embolic event and mycotic aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery.

Bernadete de Lourdes Liphaus; Cláudia Goldenstein-Schainberg; Letícia Monteiro Kitamura; Clóvis Artur Almeida Silva

2007-01-01

266

Ulcerative dermatitis and valvular endocarditis associated with Staphylococcus aureus in a hyacinth macaw (Anadorhynchus hyacinthinus).  

Science.gov (United States)

An 18-yr-old male hyacinth macaw (Anadorhynchus hyacinthinus) was found dead in his aviary with no preexisting signs. The bird had a chronic history of feather damaging behavior, with severe ulcerative dermatitis. Pathologic findings revealed a vegetative valvular endocarditis, myocarditis, septicemia, chronic severe glomerulonephritis, and thyroid dysplasia. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from the valve, the liver, and the skin. Repeated trauma and low-rate bacteriemia may have contributed to the development of endocarditis. Translocation of S. aureus skin infection in the bloodstream may lead to subacute endocarditis in humans and such mechanism is suspected in this case. This case suggests that endocarditis associated with S. aureus septicemia is a potential complication of feather damaging behavior. This case also reports a systemic complication of ulcerative dermatitis secondary to feather damaging behavior. Endocarditis has been poorly reported in psittacine species, and such medical complication of feather damaging behavior has never been reported to our knowledge. Furthermore, S. aureus is a bacteria of public health concern and should be integrated into the differential when pet parrots with dermatitis are in proximity to owners. PMID:25055625

Huynh, Minh; Carnaccini, Silvia; Driggers, Todd; Shivaprasad, H L

2014-06-01

267

Tricuspid endocarditis in hyper-IgE syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hyper-IgE syndrome is a congenitally acquired primary immune deficiency condition. We report a case of possible hyper-IgE syndrome who presented with multiple cold skin abscesses and chest infection due to Staphylococcus aureus and hyper-IgE findings. Patient also had tricuspid valve acute bacterial endocarditis with purulent pericarditis which is very rare. This case is presented to highlight that early diagnosis and treatment in such cases decreases the mortality and morbidity in phagocytic disorders.

Gupta S

2010-01-01

268

Recognizing Infective Endocarditis in the Emergency Department  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A 52-year-old Caucasian male presented to the emergency department complaining of nontraumatic painful swelling and redness of the distal left fourth finger for 2 days, associated with malaise and subjective fever. The patient denied medical history, drugs, tobacco, or alcohol use. [West J Emerg Med. 2012;13(1:92–93.

Costandinos Tsagaratos

2012-04-01

269

Prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by scedosporium apiospermum  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Scedosporium apiospermum , the asexual state of Pseudallescheria boydii , is increasingly recognized as an opportunistic pathogen. We report a case of prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by this organism that developed in a patient following cardiac surgery.

Verghese S

2005-01-01

270

Efficacy of ticarcillin-clavulanic acid for treatment of experimental Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis in rats.  

OpenAIRE

The efficacy of ticarcillin-clavulanic acid was compared with the efficacies of standard antistaphylococcal agents (flucloxacillin, oxacillin, nafcillin, and vancomycin) and ticarcillin in an experimental model of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis. Therapy was either initiated soon (8 h) after infection, when numbers of bacteria in aortic valve vegetations were relatively low (approximately 6 to 8 log10 CFU/g), or delayed until 24 h after infection, when the vegetations usually contained gre...

Catherall, E. J.; Gillon, V.; Hurn, S.; Irwin, R.; Mizen, L.

1992-01-01

271

A first report of Rothia aeria endocarditis complicated by cerebral hemorrhage.  

Science.gov (United States)

We herein report the first case of infective endocarditis attributable to Rothia aeria, which had a fatal outcome after cerebral hemorrhagic infarction and was not susceptible to vancomycin. If Gram-positive bacillary or filamentous bacteria that form white, coarse, dry colonies are detected, keeping the possibility of Rothia species in mind is advisable because members of this species can cause severe infections. PMID:23207128

Tarumoto, Norihito; Sujino, Keisuke; Yamaguchi, Toshiyuki; Umeyama, Takashi; Ohno, Hideaki; Miyazaki, Yoshitsugu; Maesaki, Shigefumi

2012-01-01

272

Estudos sobre thrombose cardiaca e endocardite parietal de origem não valvular / On thrombosis of heart and on mural endocarditis of non-valvular origin  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english 1.-Since the parietal endocarditis represents a chapter generally neglected, owing to the relative lack of cases, and somewhat confused because there various terms have been applied to a very same morbid condition, it justifies the work which previously we tried to accomplish, of nosographic classif [...] ication. Taking into account the functional disturbances and the anatomical changes, all cases of parietal endocarditis referred to in the litterature were distributed by the following groups: A-Group-Valvulo-parietal endocarditis. 1st . type-Valvulo-parietal endocarditis per continuum. 2nd. type-Metastatic valvulo-parietal endocarditis. 3rd. type-Valvulo-parietal endocarditis of the mitral stenosis. B-Group-Genuine parietal endocarditis. a) with primary lesions in the myocardium. b) with primary lesions in the endocardium. 4th type-Fibrous chronic parietal endocarditis (B A Ü M L E R), « endocarditis parietalis simplex». 5th type-Septic acute parietal endocarditis (LESCHKE), «endocarditis parietalis septica». 6th type-Subacute parietal endocarditis (MAGARINOS TORRES), «endocarditis muralis lenta». 2.-Studying a group of 14 cases of fibrous endomyocarditis with formation of thrombi, and carrying together pathological and bacteriological examinations it has been found that some of such cases represent an infectious parietal endocarditis, sometimes post-puerperal, of subacute or slow course, the endocardic vegetations being contamined by pathogenic microörganisms of which the most frequent is the Diplococcus pneumoniae, in most cases of attenuated virulence. Along with the infectious parietal endocarditis, there occur arterial and venous thromboses (abdominal aorta, common illiac and femural arteries and external jugular veins). The case 5,120 is a typical one of this condition which we name subacute parietal endocarditis (endocarditis parietalis s. muralis lenta). 3.-The endocarditis muralis lenta encloses an affection reputed to be of rare occurrence, the «myocardite subaigüe primitive», of which JOSSERAND and GALLAVARDIN published in 1901 the first cases, and ROQUE and LEVY, another, in 1914. The «myocardite subaigüe primitive» was, wrongly, in our opinion, included by WALZER in the syndrome of myocardia of LAUBRY and WALZER, considering that, in the refered cases of JOSSERAND and GALLAVARDIN and in that of ROQUE and LEVY, there are described rather considerable inflammatory changes in the myocardium and endocardium. The designation «myocardia» was however especially created by LAUBRY and WALZER for the cases of heart failure in which the most careful aetiologic inquiries and the most minucious clinical examination were unable to explain, and in which, yet, the post-mortem examination did not reveal any anatomical change at all, it being forcible to admit, then, a primary functional change of the cardiac muscle fibre. This special cardiac condition is thoroughly exemplified in the observation that WALZER reproduces on pages 1 to 7 of his book. 4.-The clinical picture of the subacute parietal endocarditis is that of heart failure with oedemas, effusion in the serous cavities and passive chronic congestion of the lungs, liver, kideys and spleen associated, to that of an infectious disease of subacute course. The fever is rather transient oscillating around 99.5 F., being intersected with apyretic periods of irregular duration; it is not dependent on any evident extracardiac septic infection. In other cases the fever is slight, particularly in the final stage of the disease, when the heart failure is well established. The rule is to observe then, hypothermy. The cardiac-vascular signs consist of enlargement of the cardiac dullness, smoothing of the cardiac sounds, absence of organic murmurs and accentuated and persistent tachycardia up to a certain point independent of fever. The galloprhythm is present, in most cases. The signs of the pulmonary infarct are rather expressed by the aspect of the sputum,

C. Magarinos, Torres.

273

Estudos sobre thrombose cardiaca e endocardite parietal de origem não valvular On thrombosis of heart and on mural endocarditis of non-valvular origin  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available 1.-Since the parietal endocarditis represents a chapter generally neglected, owing to the relative lack of cases, and somewhat confused because there various terms have been applied to a very same morbid condition, it justifies the work which previously we tried to accomplish, of nosographic classification. Taking into account the functional disturbances and the anatomical changes, all cases of parietal endocarditis referred to in the litterature were distributed by the following groups: A-Group-Valvulo-parietal endocarditis. 1st . type-Valvulo-parietal endocarditis per continuum. 2nd. type-Metastatic valvulo-parietal endocarditis. 3rd. type-Valvulo-parietal endocarditis of the mitral stenosis. B-Group-Genuine parietal endocarditis. a with primary lesions in the myocardium. b with primary lesions in the endocardium. 4th type-Fibrous chronic parietal endocarditis (B A Ü M L E R, « endocarditis parietalis simplex». 5th type-Septic acute parietal endocarditis (LESCHKE, «endocarditis parietalis septica». 6th type-Subacute parietal endocarditis (MAGARINOS TORRES, «endocarditis muralis lenta». 2.-Studying a group of 14 cases of fibrous endomyocarditis with formation of thrombi, and carrying together pathological and bacteriological examinations it has been found that some of such cases represent an infectious parietal endocarditis, sometimes post-puerperal, of subacute or slow course, the endocardic vegetations being contamined by pathogenic microörganisms of which the most frequent is the Diplococcus pneumoniae, in most cases of attenuated virulence. Along with the infectious parietal endocarditis, there occur arterial and venous thromboses (abdominal aorta, common illiac and femural arteries and external jugular veins. The case 5,120 is a typical one of this condition which we name subacute parietal endocarditis (endocarditis parietalis s. muralis lenta. 3.-The endocarditis muralis lenta encloses an affection reputed to be of rare occurrence, the «myocardite subaigüe primitive», of which JOSSERAND and GALLAVARDIN published in 1901 the first cases, and ROQUE and LEVY, another, in 1914. The «myocardite subaigüe primitive» was, wrongly, in our opinion, included by WALZER in the syndrome of myocardia of LAUBRY and WALZER, considering that, in the refered cases of JOSSERAND and GALLAVARDIN and in that of ROQUE and LEVY, there are described rather considerable inflammatory changes in the myocardium and endocardium. The designation «myocardia» was however especially created by LAUBRY and WALZER for the cases of heart failure in which the most careful aetiologic inquiries and the most minucious clinical examination were unable to explain, and in which, yet, the post-mortem examination did not reveal any anatomical change at all, it being forcible to admit, then, a primary functional change of the cardiac muscle fibre. This special cardiac condition is thoroughly exemplified in the observation that WALZER reproduces on pages 1 to 7 of his book. 4.-The clinical picture of the subacute parietal endocarditis is that of heart failure with oedemas, effusion in the serous cavities and passive chronic congestion of the lungs, liver, kideys and spleen associated, to that of an infectious disease of subacute course. The fever is rather transient oscillating around 99.5 F., being intersected with apyretic periods of irregular duration; it is not dependent on any evident extracardiac septic infection. In other cases the fever is slight, particularly in the final stage of the disease, when the heart failure is well established. The rule is to observe then, hypothermy. The cardiac-vascular signs consist of enlargement of the cardiac dullness, smoothing of the cardiac sounds, absence of organic murmurs and accentuated and persistent tachycardia up to a certain point independent of fever. The galloprhythm is present, in most cases. The signs of the pulmonary infarct are rather expressed by the aspect of the sputum, which is foamy and blood-streaked than by the classic signs. Cerebral embolism was a terminal accid

C. Magarinos Torres

1928-01-01

274

Bacterial endocarditis, mitral regurgitation, and intra-atrial thrombosis following mitral valve replacement  

Science.gov (United States)

Bacterial endocarditis with positive blood culture occurred on six occasions in a series of 140 mitral valve replacements. In three of these, extensive detachment of the prosthesis with severe mitral incompetence resulted. Re-operation was undertaken in two of these cases. Intra-atrial thrombosis occurred twice. In three other cases, in which intra-atrial thrombosis occurred, infection was strongly suspected to have been the responsible factor. Mitral regurgitation presented no difficulty in diagnosis, as all patients had severe congestive cardiac failure and typical physical signs. Confirmation was established by cinéangiography. Intra-atrial thrombosis presented difficulty in diagnosis. A persistently positive blood culture, continued pyrexia, and a history of sepsis were the most consistent and significant findings in the cases reported. The antibiotic regime described by Amoury and his colleagues has been used for the past year. There has not been a single case of bacterial endocarditis, intra-atrial thrombosis, or wound infection in 120 consecutive valve replacements on this regime. Because of the high mortality associated with intra-atrial thrombosis, and the close association between endocarditis and thrombosis, the presence of endocarditis with or without regurgitation might well be a compelling reason for re-operation. The mortality from these complications could, we believe, be reduced by the use of a more extensive antibiotic cover and a more vigorous attitude to surgical intervention. We have not had to consider re-operation since adopting the policy outlined, as these complications have not occurred. Images PMID:5637494

Windsor, Harry M.; Fagan, Paul; Shanahan, Mark X.

1968-01-01

275

Histologic and bacteriologic findings in valvular endocarditis of slaughter-age pigs.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endocarditis lesions from 117 slaughter pigs were examined pathologically and etiologically in addition to 90 control hearts with cardiac valves. Lesions were located on the valves; however, the lesions had extended to the walls in 21 cases (18%). Lesions predominated on the mitral valve (59%). A total of 28 cases, from which no growth was obtained or a contamination flora was grown, were screened by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for bacteria (general bacterial probe) and probes specific for Streptococcus suis and Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, respectively. Using FISH, an additional 10 cases of endocarditis due to S. suis and E. rhusiopathiae were disclosed. Within lesions, streptococci predominated (53%) followed by E. rhusiopathiae (30%). Distinct features of both the lesions and the shape and localization of bacterial colonies were related to streptococci and E. rhusiopathiae. The propensity for streptococci to be localized on more than 1 valve in single hearts may be because S. suis-infected pigs tend to have been infected for a longer period compared with E. rhusiopathiae. Mineralization of endocarditis lesions was significantly associated with infection by streptococci, and was seen in 71% of the cases, whereas it was present in only 28% of lesions caused by E. rhusiopathiae. In addition, areas with mineralization were significantly correlated to the presence of a granulomatous reaction. Granulomatous endocarditis is likely a result of a foreign body reaction due to dystrophic mineralization. Local proliferation of valvular endothelial cells, found in 9 hearts in the current study, may increase the risk of developing thrombosing endocarditis in pigs. PMID:21088176

Jensen, Henrik E; Gyllensten, Johanna; Hofman, Carolina; Leifsson, Páll S; Agerholm, Jørgen S; Boye, Mette; Aalbæk, Bent

2010-11-01

276

Kodamaea ohmeri tricuspid valve endocarditis with right ventricular inflow obstruction in a neonate with structurally normal heart  

OpenAIRE

The yeast Kodamaea (Pichia) ohmeri is a rare human pathogen with infrequent report of neonatal infection. Native valve endocarditis by Kodamaea ohmeri is extremely rare. The current case report describes a case of fatal nosocomial native valve endocarditis without any structural heart defects in a 40dayold baby. The patient was referred to our institute after having ICU stay of 18 days in another hospital for necrotizing enterocolitis and was found to have obstructive tricuspid valve mass and...

Sundaram Ponnusamy; Bijulal Sasidharan; Tharakan Jaganmohan; Antony Molly

2011-01-01

277

Endocarditis-associated Brain Lesions in Slaughter Pigs  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Left-sided valvular endocarditis (LSVE) is a common finding in slaughter pigs. The lesion is often associated with renal thromboembolism, but information on embolization to other organs is sparse. This study focuses on the presence and type of endocarditis-associated brain lesions (EABLs). The brains of 20 slaughter pigs with spontaneously arising LSVE and 11 controls were examined by sectioning half of a formalin-fixed brain into 4mm slices for histological examination. The aetiology of the endocarditis was determined by bacteriological and, in some cases, by fluorescence in-situ hybridization examinations. These examinations identified 11 cases of Streptococcus suis, six cases of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, one Streptococcus spp. and two cases that remained aetiologically undetermined. One of the S. suis cases had a dual infection with S. suis in the aortic valve lesions and Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis in the atrioventricular valve lesions. Renal infarcts were present in eight cases. Focal encephalitis was found in 12 cases, with the number of lesions ranging from one to 11. Most pigs had less than four microscopical lesions. Acute lesions were characterized by focal microabscesses without observable bacteria. Chronic lesions were characterized by astrocytosis and focal accumulation of mononuclear leucocytes. An infarct was observed in one animal. Perivascular inflammation was seen in 14 cases, mostly as two or three lesions, while focal leptomeningitis was found in eight cases. EABLs are therefore common in slaughter pigs with LSVE. The number of lesions per animal is small, which may explain the limited attention paid to this sequela of LSVE. EABLs have rarely been reported in domestic animals and mostly in patients with neurological signs. The frequent occurrence of EABLs in slaughter pigs suggests that this pathology should be investigated in other animal species with LSVE.

Karstrup, C.C.; Jensen, H.E.

2011-01-01

278

Endocarditis-associated brain lesions in slaughter pigs.  

Science.gov (United States)

Left-sided valvular endocarditis (LSVE) is a common finding in slaughter pigs. The lesion is often associated with renal thromboembolism, but information on embolization to other organs is sparse. This study focuses on the presence and type of endocarditis-associated brain lesions (EABLs). The brains of 20 slaughter pigs with spontaneously arising LSVE and 11 controls were examined by sectioning half of a formalin-fixed brain into 4mm slices for histological examination. The aetiology of the endocarditis was determined by bacteriological and, in some cases, by fluorescence in-situ hybridization examinations. These examinations identified 11 cases of Streptococcus suis, six cases of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, one Streptococcus spp. and two cases that remained aetiologically undetermined. One of the S. suis cases had a dual infection with S. suis in the aortic valve lesions and Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis in the atrioventricular valve lesions. Renal infarcts were present in eight cases. Focal encephalitis was found in 12 cases, with the number of lesions ranging from one to 11. Most pigs had less than four microscopical lesions. Acute lesions were characterized by focal microabscesses without observable bacteria. Chronic lesions were characterized by astrocytosis and focal accumulation of mononuclear leucocytes. An infarct was observed in one animal. Perivascular inflammation was seen in 14 cases, mostly as two or three lesions, while focal leptomeningitis was found in eight cases. EABLs are therefore common in slaughter pigs with LSVE. The number of lesions per animal is small, which may explain the limited attention paid to this sequela of LSVE. EABLs have rarely been reported in domestic animals and mostly in patients with neurological signs. The frequent occurrence of EABLs in slaughter pigs suggests that this pathology should be investigated in other animal species with LSVE. PMID:21168147

Karstrup, C C; Jensen, H E; Aalbæk, B; Leifsson, P S; Boye, M; Agerholm, J S

2011-05-01

279

Endocarditis por Bartonella henselae: Presentación de un caso y revisión de la literatura / Bartonella henselae endocarditis: Report of a case and review of the literature  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Bartonella spp son bacilos Gran negativos aerobios, difíciles de aislar con los medios empleados habitualmente en los laboratorios, considerados patógenos humanos emergentes. Desde 1993, tres especies del género Bartonella (B. quintana, B. henselae y B. elizabethae) se han descrito como agentes caus [...] ales de endocarditis bacteriana. En el presente trabajo se describe el caso de una paciente de 43 años, con valvulopatía previa de posible origen reumático y dueña de gatos, que sufrió una endocarditis infecciosa por B. henselae sobre válvula aórtica. La paciente presentó un título de IgG frente a B. henselae de 1/4096 y de 1/256 frente a B. quintana detectándose IgM frente a ambas bacterias a título débil (1/64 y 1/32 respectivamente). La paciente fue tratada con antibióticos durante 12 semanas y sometida a recambio válvular ante la grave lesión existente en la válvula aórtica. En tejido endocárdico procedente de la válvula escindida se detectó DNA de B. henselae (reacción en cadena de la polimerasa). La evolución clínica fue buena. El diagnóstico de infección por Bartonella spp debe ser considerado en todos los pacientes con endocarditis infecciosa y hemocultivo negativo, y en particular B. henselae en pacientes con valvulopatía previa y contacto habitual con gatos Abstract in english Bartonella spp are small Gram-negative rods, aerobic and highly fastidious. They are difficult to culture, in the routine bacterial cultures. They are considered as emergent human pathogens. Since 1993, three species of Bartonella (B. quintana, B. henselae, and B. elizabethae) have been described as [...] causative agents of infectious endocarditis. In this paper we describe the case of a 43 year-old woman with a previous valvular heart disease, probably of rheumatic origin, owner of cats, that suffered an infectious endocarditis by Bartonella henselae in the aortic valve. This patient presented IgG titers against B. henselae of 1/4096 and against B. quintana of 1/256. She also had low IgM titers against B. henselae and B. quintana: 1/64 and 1/32, respectively. The patient received antibiotics for 12 weeks and suffered a valvular replacement due to the severe lesion on the aortic valve. On the endocardic tissue of the removed valve DNA of B. henselae was detected (polymerase chain reaction-based assay). Clinical evolution of the patient was good. Diagnosis of Bartonella spp infection must be considered in every patient with infectious endocarditis and negative blood cultures, and particularly B. henselae in patients with previous válvular heart disease and regular contact with cats

G., Cilla Eguiluz; M., Montes Ros; D., López García; B., Iraola Sierra; V., Aramburu Soraluce.

2001-05-01

280

Bacteroides fragilis endocarditis: a case report and review of literature  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Endocarditis due to Bacteroides fragilis is a rare disorder. This article describes a case of Bacteroides fragilis endocarditis associated with portal and superior mesenteric venous thrombosis in a patient without preexisting valvular heart disease and review the cases of endocarditis due to this an [...] aerobic bacterium in medical literature since 1980.

Cristhieni, Rodrigues; Rinaldo Focaccia, Siciliano; Rogerio, Zeigler; Tania Mara Varejão, Strabelli.

2012-02-01

281

Bartonella, a common cause of endocarditis: a report on 106 cases and review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bartonella spp. are fastidious bacteria that cause blood culture-negative endocarditis and have been increasingly reported. In this study, we included all patients retrospectively and prospectively diagnosed with Bartonella endocarditis in our French reference center between 2005 and 2013. Our diagnosis was based on the modified Duke criteria and microbiological findings, including serological and PCR results. To review the published literature, we searched all human Bartonella endocarditis cases published in the PubMed database between January 2005 and October 2013. We report here a large series of 106 cases, which include 59 cases that had not previously been reported or mentioned. Indirect immunofluorescence assays, Western blotting, and real-time PCR from total blood, serum, and valve tissue exhibited sensitivities of 58%, 100%, 33%, 36%, and 91%, respectively. The number of cases reported in the literature between 2005 and 2013 increased to reach a cumulative number of 196 cases. The number of cases reported in the literature by other centers is increasing more rapidly than that reported by our French reference center (P immunofluorescence assay, or a positive Western blot assay be considered major Duke criteria for Bartonella endocarditis. There is no real increase in the incidence of these infections but rather a better understanding and interest in the disease resulting from the improvement of diagnostic tools. PMID:25540398

Edouard, Sophie; Nabet, Cecile; Lepidi, Hubert; Fournier, Pierre-Edouard; Raoult, Didier

2015-03-01

282

The use of technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime labelled granulocytes with single-photon emission tomography imaging in the detection and follow-up of recurrence of infective endocarditis complicating transvenous endocardial pacemaker  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this case report we present a patient with a recurrence of subacute bacterial infectious endocarditis (IE) complicating a transvenous endocardial pacemaker. Technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (99mTc-HMPAO) labelled granulocytes were used for diagnosis and follow-up under medical treatment only, since surgical removal of the pacemaker lead was ruled out because of the general condition of the patient. Single-photon emission tomography (SPET) imaging displayed the active lesion previously suspected on echography. At the end of antibiotic therapy, SPET indicated a favourable disease outcome whereas echocardiographic abnormalities remained nearly unchanged. The medical treatment had eradicated the IE, and the patient did well for more than 1 year thereafter. (orig.)

283

Nuclear Medicine in Diagnosis of Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis: An Update  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the past decades cardiovascular disease management has been substantially improved by the increasing introduction of medical devices as prosthetic valves. The yearly rate of infective endocarditis (IE) in patient with a prosthetic valve is approximately 3 cases per 1,000 patients. The fatality rate of prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) remains stable over the years, in part due to the aging of the population. The diagnostic value of echocardiography in diagnosis is operator-dependent and its sensitivity can decrease in presence of intracardiac devices and valvular prosthesis. The modified Duke criteria are considered the gold standard for diagnosing IE; their sensibility is 80%, but in clinical practice their diagnostic accuracy in PVE is lower, resulting inconclusively in nearly 30% of cases. In the last years, these new imaging modalities have gained an increasing attention because they make it possible to diagnose an IE earlier than the structural alterations occurring. Several studies have been conducted in order to assess the diagnostic accuracy of various nuclear medicine techniques in diagnosis of PVE. We performed a review of the literature to assess the available evidence on the role of nuclear medicine techniques in the diagnosis of PVE. PMID:25695043

Musso, Maria; Petrosillo, Nicola

2015-01-01

284

/ Endocarditis por Bordetella holmesii en un paciente asplénico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 52 años portadora de estenosis aórtica crítica, esplenectomizada, hipotiroidea, que tenía como antecedente linfoma de Hodgkin diagnosticado en 2004. En abril de 2011 ingresó al Servicio de Cardiología por insuficiencia cardíaca global y registros febriles, con [...] respuesta tórpida al tratamiento diurético-vasodilatador. El ecocardiograma transesofágico mostró imágenes ecodensas en válvulas aórtica, pulmonar y mitral compatibles con vegetaciones, por lo que el cuadro se interpretó como probable endocarditis infecciosa. En dos muestras de hemocultivos desarrolló un cocobacilo gram negativo que fue identificado como Bordetella holmesii. Se realizó tratamiento con ceftriaxona 1 g cada 12 h durante 28 días, y se observó una evolución favorable. Abstract in english The case of a 52-year-old female patient with a history of critical aortic stenosis, hypothyroidism and splenectomy as treatment for her Hodgkin's lymphoma is herein presented. In April 2011, the patient was admitted to the cardiology service due to global heart failure, fever and poor response to d [...] iuretic and vasodilator therapy. A transesophageal echocardiogram showed images compatible with vegetations in the aortic, pulmonary, and mitral valves. A diagnosis of infective endocarditis was made. Growth of gram-negative coccobacilli was observed in two blood culture sets. The microorganism was finally identified as Bordetella holmesii.The patient was treated with ceftriaxone 1 g every 12 hours for 28 days with favorable outcome.

Rolando N, Soloaga; Natalia A, Carrion; Marisa, Almuzara; Claudia, Barberis; Juan C, Pidone; Liliana I, Guelfand; Carlos, Vay.

2013-06-01

285

[Sepsis and endocarditis: two rare complications following pacemaker implantation. Description of a case and review of the literature].  

Science.gov (United States)

A case of Staphylococcus aureus tricuspid valve endocarditis in a patient with permanent transvenous VVI pacemaker and recurrent febrile episodes is described. Medical treatment was not effective, and only with surgical removal of the lead was the infection successfully treated. PMID:1426794

Vecchi, M R; Media, R; Lazzaroni, A; Azzollini, M; Turazza, F; Mantovani, G; Pappalettera, M

1992-05-01

286

Kodamaea ohmeri tricuspid valve endocarditis with right ventricular inflow obstruction in a neonate with structurally normal heart.  

Science.gov (United States)

The yeast Kodamaea (Pichia) ohmeri is a rare human pathogen with infrequent report of neonatal infection. Native valve endocarditis by Kodamaea ohmeri is extremely rare. The current case report describes a case of fatal nosocomial native valve endocarditis without any structural heart defects in a 40dayold baby. The patient was referred to our institute after having ICU stay of 18 days in another hospital for necrotizing enterocolitis and was found to have obstructive tricuspid valve mass and fungemia with Kodamaea ohmeri. In spite of the treatment, patient developed sepsis with disseminated intravascular coagulation and could not be revived. PMID:21677814

Sundaram, Ponnusamy S; Bijulal, Sasidharan; Tharakan, Jaganmohan A; Antony, Molly

2011-01-01

287

Kodamaea ohmeri tricuspid valve endocarditis with right ventricular inflow obstruction in a neonate with structurally normal heart  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The yeast Kodamaea (Pichia ohmeri is a rare human pathogen with infrequent report of neonatal infection. Native valve endocarditis by Kodamaea ohmeri is extremely rare. The current case report describes a case of fatal nosocomial native valve endocarditis without any structural heart defects in a 40dayold baby. The patient was referred to our institute after having ICU stay of 18 days in another hospital for necrotizing enterocolitis and was found to have obstructive tricuspid valve mass and fungemia with Kodamaea ohmeri. In spite of the treatment, patient developed sepsis with disseminated intravascular coagulation and could not be revived.

Sundaram Ponnusamy

2011-01-01

288

Complicaciones neurológicas como manifestación inicial de endocarditis infecciosa / Neurological manifestations as presentation of infectious endocarditis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las complicaciones neurológicas de la endocarditis infecciosa (EI) son en ocasiones la primera manifestación clínica de la enfermedad y están asociadas con un importante incremento en su mortalidad. La principal forma de presentación es el ictus embólico, pero se han descrito otras muchas que abarca [...] n desde la hemorragia cerebral hasta la excepcionalmente descrita meningitis aséptica acelular. Presentamos 3 casos ilustrativos de este amplio espectro clínico. El diagnóstico de ictus isquémico cerebral en el primer paciente y de hemorragia intraparenquimatosa en el segundo precedió en varios días a la documentación de la EI. En el tercer caso un cuadro de meningitis aguda acelular fue la inusual forma de debut de EI. Debido a que muy raramente la EI es la causa subyacente a un infarto o a una hemorragia cerebral, es fundamental tener un alto grado de alerta para reconocer precozmente estas complicaciones y así establecer el diagnóstico de EI, iniciando rápidamente el tratamiento antibiótico y planteando el recambio valvular y el momento adecuado del mismo, para disminuir el riesgo de deterioro neurológico y evitar el desarrollo de nuevas complicaciones que empeoren el pronóstico. Abstract in english Neurologic complications of infective endocarditis (IE) are frequent. In many cases, they are the initial feature and considerably impair the prognosis of the disease. The most common neurologic manifestation is embolic stroke, but other many neurologic events have been described, ranged from cerebr [...] al hemorrhage due to rupture of mycotic aneurysm to the exceptional aseptic meningitis with acellular cerebrospinal fluid. We describe 3 cases that represent this wide spectrum of presentation. Ischemic stroke in the first patient and cerebral hemorrhage in the second were respectively documented several days before the diagnosis of IE. In the third case, acellular meningitis was the unusual clinical debut of aortic IE. Cerebral infarct or hemorrhage are exceptionally caused by an underlying IE, so a high level of suspicious is needed to recognize these complications. The best management to improve the prognosis has to be based on a rapid diagnosis and onset of antibiotic treatment, considering valve replacement in the adequate timing.

J. F., Varona.

2007-09-01

289

A case of brucellosis complicated by endocarditis and disseminated intravascular coagulation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Brucellosis, being eradicated among domestic animals in some countries, is still prevalent in some others where it poses a potential threat to the consumers of milk and cheese and those working with animals and meat. The patient presented below had contracted a severe and long-standing Brucella abortus infection by ingesting raw camel milk. She had signs of endocarditis and disseminated intravascular coagulation, but recovered when treated with tetracyclin and streptomycin. PMID:3976429

Almér, L O

1985-01-01

290

Hemorrhagic Transformation of Ischemic Stroke: Severe Complications of Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis  

OpenAIRE

Ischemic stroke is a common complication of infective endocarditis (IE), occurring in 20-40% of left side IE cases. In these subsets, anticoagulation therapy may provoke hemorrhagic transformation (HT) of ischemic stroke, and complications of this magnitude deteriorate the clinical course for IE patients. However, in cases of IE complicated with a mechanical prosthetic valve, the physician can be concerned over the maintenance of anticoagulation due to the risk of thrombotic complication. Acc...

Kim, Jin-sun; Yang, Woo-in; Shim, Chi Young; Ha, Jong-won; Chung, Namsik; Chang, Hyuk-jae

2011-01-01

291

Contribution of Lipoproteins and Lipoprotein Processing to Endocarditis Virulence in Streptococcus sanguinis? §  

OpenAIRE

Streptococcus sanguinis is an important cause of infective endocarditis. Previous studies have identified lipoproteins as virulence determinants in other streptococcal species. Using a bioinformatic approach, we identified 52 putative lipoprotein genes in S. sanguinis strain SK36 as well as genes encoding the lipoprotein-processing enzymes prolipoprotein diacylglyceryl transferase (lgt) and signal peptidase II (lspA). We employed a directed signature-tagged mutagenesis approach to systematica...

Das, Sankar; Kanamoto, Taisei; Ge, Xiuchun; Xu, Ping; Unoki, Takeshi; Munro, Cindy L.; Kitten, Todd

2009-01-01

292

Prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Pasteurella in a penicillin allergic patient: challenges in diagnosis and treatment  

OpenAIRE

Pasteurella multocida is a rare cause of infective endocarditis with only a few cases described. This report involves a 38-year-old penicillin-allergic patient in an immunocompromised state with several co-morbidities. Two molecular microbiological techniques, 16S rRNA sequencing and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry were used to confirm the species identification as P. multocida. Previous reports in the literature are also reviewed.

Hala Kandil; Giovanni Satta; Rebecca Louise Gorton

2012-01-01

293

Mid-term results of mitral valve repair for complicated active bacterial endocarditis in high-risk patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mitral valve repair in endocarditis achieves a competent valve and prevents septic embolization and acute left ventricular failure, in which operative mortality could be increased. Early and mid-term results were examined to establish whether emergency mitral valve repair offers an advantage in complicated active endocarditis. Ten patients with complicated active native valve endocarditis underwent mitral valve repair. The mean age was 45.8 +/- 18.5 years; two patients were female (20%). All patients had severe mitral regurgitation, which combined in one patient with mitral valve stenosis. New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class was IV in all patients. The macroscopically infected tissue with vegetation in all patients was excised. Multiple techniques were required to achieve valve competence. There was one (10%) hospital death in a patient with persistent congestive heart failure, and a reoperation in another (10%) after 2 years. Mean follow-up was 32.1 +/- 12.7 months (range 1-45 months) and was complete. There were no late deaths, recurrent endocarditis, or thromboembolic events. Seven patients (77.7%) were in NYHA functional class I, and two (22.2%) were in class II. Mitral valve repair in complicated active bacterial endocarditis limited to leaflet tissues has a low operative mortality and valve-related morbidity, with promising mid-term survival in high-risk patients. PMID:15278391

Cebi, Niyazi; Bozkurt, Engin

2004-07-01

294

A view on Bartonella quintana endocarditis--confirming the molecular diagnosis by specific fluorescence in situ hybridization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Culture-negative endocarditis is a frequent problem in cardiology, especially if caused by fastidious organisms. Among these, the diagnostic tools for the detection of Bartonella quintana are still unsatisfactory. In a culture-negative case of suspected endocarditis undergoing aortic valve replacement, polymerase chain reaction amplification and sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene indicated B. quintana infection. To develop a new diagnostic tool, independent from culture and amplification techniques, we designed and optimized an oligonucleotide fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probe specific for B. quintana and suitable for FISH. FISH succeeded in simultaneous visualization and identification of vital microorganisms directly within the aortic valve tissue and in fast and univocal diagnosis of B. quintana endocarditis. PMID:17889492

Gescher, Dorothee Maria; Mallmann, Christian; Kovacevic, Dragoljub; Schmiedel, Dinah; Borges, Adrian C; Schweickert, Birgitta; Göbel, Ulf B; Moter, Annette

2008-01-01

295

Endocarditis por Trichoderma longibrachiatum en paciente con nutrición parenteral domiciliaria / Endocarditis caused by Trichoderma longibrachiatum and parenteral nutrition  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available La modalidad domiciliaria de la nutrición parenteral (NPD) mejora la calidad de vida de los pacientes, pero tiene complicaciones como infecciones asociadas a catéter (IAC) y complicaciones mecánicas. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con NPD por intestino corto que desarrolla una endocarditis sobre [...] catéter con matices especiales: asentar sobre un catéter abandonado en aurícula derecha y tratarse de una infección con participación de un microorganismo no descrito hasta el momento en esta patología, Trichoderma longibrachiatum. El catéter se extrajo mediante cirugía convencional. En la pieza quirúrgica se aislaron Staphylococcus epidermidis, Ochrobactrum anthropi y Trichoderma longibrachiatum. Combinando el tratamiento antibiótico y la eliminación del foco infeccioso se consiguió la recuperación completa. Ochrobactrum anthropi y Trichoderma longibrachiatum son microorganismos poco habituales, pero que cada vez adquieren mayor relevancia. Aunque no existe acuerdo en el manejo de los catéteres intravasculares "abandonados", es recomendable el seguimiento y eliminarlos en caso de complicación. Abstract in english Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) improves the quality of life of the patients although it has complications. Catheter-related infections and mechanical complications are the most frequent ones. We report the case of endocarditis over catheter in a man suffering from short bowel and receiving HPN. The [...] special features of the case are firstly the catheter was a remaining fragment on the right atrial and secondly the infection was caused by Trichoderma longibrachiatum, an isolated fact regarding this pathology so far. Conventional surgery was applied to take the catheter out. Staphylococcus epidermidis, Ochrobactrum anthropi and Trichoderma longibrachiatum were isolated from the surgical specimen. The extraction of the infected catheter along with antibiotic therapy led to the complete recovery of the subject. Ochrobactrum anthropi and Trichoderma longibrachiatum are unusual microorganisms but they are acquiring more relevance. Although there is no agreement about intravascular retained catheter management, the most recommended approach consists on monitoring them and removing the device in case of complications.

Laura I., Rodríguez Peralta; M.ª Reyes, Mañas Vera; Manuel J., García Delgado; Antonio J., Pérez De la Cruz.

2013-06-01

296

Aspergillus Flavus Endocarditis of the Native Mitral Valve in a Bone Marrow Transplant Patient  

Science.gov (United States)

Patient: Male, 36 Final Diagnosis: Aspergillus flavus endocarditis Symptoms: Malaise • fatigue and dyspnea Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Mitral vale replacemnet Specialty: Cardiology Objective: Rare disease Background: Infective endocarditis due to Aspergillus species is an uncommon infection with a high mortality rate. It mostly occurs after the implantation of prosthetic heart valves. Parenteral nutrition, immunosuppression, broad-spectrum antibiotic regimens, and illegal intravenous drug use are the risk factors for developing infection. Case Report: We report a case of Aspergillus flavus native mitral valve endocarditis in a patient who had allogeneic stem cell transplantation in the past due to myelodysplastic syndrome. Conclusions: Although it is rare and there is limited experience available with the diagnosis and treatment, early recognition and therapeutic intervention with systemic antifungal therapy and aggressive surgical intervention are critical to prevent further complications that may eventually lead to death. In addition, better novel diagnostic tools are needed to facilitate more accurate identification of patients with invasive Aspergillus and to permit earlier initiation of antifungal treatment. PMID:25603977

Demir, Tolga; Ergenoglu, Mehmet Umit; Ekinci, Abdurrahman; Tanrikulu, Nursen; Sahin, Mazlum; Demirsoy, Ergun

2015-01-01

297

Endocarditis por Coxiella burnetii: fiebre Q / Coxiella burnetii endocarditis: Q fever  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La fiebre Q es una zoonosis causada por Coxiella burnetii; más frecuente en Europa pero reportada en otros continentes, puede cursar en forma aguda o crónica. La endocarditis es una forma de presentación crónica con curso insidioso y se asocia frecuentemente a fenómenos embólicos, representa 1% de t [...] odos los casos de endocarditis en el mundo. El diagnóstico se realiza por la sospecha clínica, cultivos negativos para patógenos convencionales y la confirmación serológica. Este artículo describe el caso clínico de un paciente con endocarditis causada por Coxiella burnetii y se revisa la literatura. (Acta Med Colomb 2012: 37: 31-33). Abstract in english Q fever is a zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii. Q fever may present as subacute or chronic endocarditis, has a high incidence of embolic phenomena and is often fatal, representing 1% of all cases of endocarditis worldwide. Q fever most commonly presents an insidious course. The diagnosis is made [...] by clinical suspicion after serial blood cultures for conventional pathogens are negative and by serological confirmation. This article describes the clinical case of a patient with endocarditis caused Coxiella burnetii and updated review of the literature. (Acta Med Colomb 2012: 37: 31-33).

Carlos Alberto, Betancur; Ana G, Múnera.

2012-01-01

298

Probabilidad diagnóstica de endocarditis infecciosa antes de la realización del ecocardiograma.: Sobreutilización del ecocardiograma transesofágico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Ury | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish RESUMEN El ecocardiograma es una herramienta ampliamente utilizada y de elevado valor para el diagnóstico de endocarditis infecciosa (EI). En nuestro centro hospitalario se indica en forma rutinaria el ecocardiograma transesofágico (ETE) para valorar este diagnóstico y sólo en caso de contraindicaci [...] ón se limita la valoración al ecocardiograma transtorácico (ETT). Objetivo: individualizar criterios clínicos y microbiológicos que permitan identificar una población en la que el ETE aporte información diagnóstica útil, racionalizando su uso. Material y método: registro prospectivo de 116 pacientes referidos para diagnóstico de EI por medio de ETE por el médico tratante. Se comparó el resultado ecocardiográfico con el diagnóstico de cierre de la historia clínica y con el que resultó de la aplicación en los criterios de Duke. Se realizó análisis univariado y multivariado para detectar condiciones clínicas asociadas con el diagnóstico de EI. Resultados: se comprobaron 23 casos de EI como diagnóstico de cierre de la historia clínica, de los cuales 14 fueron EI definida (EID), ocho posibles (EIP) en ausencia de hemocultivos (HC) positivos y uno rechazada, que fue excluida del resto del análisis. El ETE fue positivo en 20 casos (17,2%), que coincidieron con 20 de los casos positivos por cierre de la historia (90,9%). Los dos casos no diagnosticados por ETE fueron diagnosticados por ETT, por lo que el ecocardiograma en conjunto fue positivo en 100% de las EID y de las EI por cierre de la historia. El análisis multivariado mostró que la presencia de cardiopatía predisponente pre ETE, dos o más HC positivos y la ausencia de un foco no endovascular, implica una probabilidad de 88% de EID, en tanto que la ausencia de estos tres elementos implica una probabilidad de 0% de EID o 7,8% de EIP. Conclusiones: existe una sobreindicación de ETE para el diagnóstico de EI. La ausencia dos o más HC positivos, la existencia de cardiopatía predisponente y la ausencia de un foco infeccioso no endovascular podrían implicar la no realización de ETE. Si se hubiera limitado la realización de ETE a los pacientes que cumplieran con estos criterios se hubieran realizado 68 (58,6%) estudios menos inicialmente. Abstract in english SUMMARY Transesophage echocardiogram (ETE) is an efficient tool for infective endocarditis (EI). Objective: to individualize clinical criteria to identify populations in which ETE is efficient to diagnosis. Methods: a prospective study of 116 patients suspected of EI who underwent ETE. Echocardiogra [...] phic results were compared to those obtained by clinical history analysis and Duke criteria. Uni and multivaried analysis were used to determine clinical conditions associated with EI. Results: 23 cases of EI were found as conclusion of clinical history analysis, among them 14 were definitive (EID). ETE was positive in 22 cases (18.96%) included in the 23 cases above-mentioned; ETE was positive for suspected infective endocarditis (EIP) in 8 cases, without positive blood cultures (HC). Multivariate analysis showed that presence of cardiopathy prior to ETE, 2 or more positive HC and lack of non-endovascular focus implies an 88% probability of EID. Lack of these criteria indicates 0% probability of EID and 7.8% probability of EIP. Conclusions: there is an overindicated use of ETE for EI. Lack of 2 or more positive HC, predispositional cardiopathy and lack of infectious non-endovascular focus might imply no use of ETE. If ETE would have been limitated to these criteria, 67.9 (58.5%) could have been saved.

GUSTAVO, VIGNOLO; RAúL, CENTURIóN; ANíBAL, MANFREDI; ALEJANDRO, FERREIRO; RUBEN, CANO; MARCELA, VALENTINI; ROSANA, SCARPELLI; CARLOS, CODINA; VIRGINIA, MICHELIS; CARLOS, ROMERO.

2004-04-01

299

Scintigraphic detection of acute experimental endocarditis with the technetium-99m labelled glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist DMP444  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Bacterial endocarditis is an important clinical problem that may result in persistent bacteraemia and irreversible cardiac damage. Since endocarditis is characterized by aggregation of activated platelets, fibrin and bacteria, we studied DMP444, a technetium-99m labelled high-affinity antagonist of the GP IIb/IIIa receptor that is expressed on activated platelets. In seven Beagle dogs (11-15 kg), the left ventricle was catheterized via the right carotid artery. One hour later, 5 x 107 colony forming units of Staphylococcus aureus were injected intracardially. Half an hour later, the catheter was removed. Two extra dogs underwent a complete sham procedure. One day after the intervention, five infected and the two non-infected dogs were injected with 37 MBq/kg 99mTc-DMP444 and two infected dogs with 37 MBq/kg 99mTc-IgG (used as a non-specific control agent) and imaged up to 4 h after injection. Samples were obtained for tissue counting, microbiology and histology. From 1 to 2 h post injection onward, there was clear focal accumulation of DMP444 in the aortic valve region when endocarditis was present, and this accumulation increased with time. The non-infected and the 99mTc-IgG injected dogs showed only persisting blood pool activity without any focal abnormality. At 4 h post injection, the in vivo valve-to-blood pool ratios were 1.87±0.18 in endocarditis, 1.01±0.05 in non-infected controls and 1.09±0.02 in 99mTctrols and 1.09±0.02 in 99mTc-IgG injected dogs (P99mTc-labelled GP IIb/IIIa antagonist DMP444 allows a final diagnosis of experimental bacterial endocarditis within 4 h owing to high, specific and fast in vivo uptake. (orig.)

300

Trombosis de vena cava inferior y endocarditis en un paciente prematuro: Caso clínico / Inferior vena cava thrombosis and endocarditis in a premature patient: Case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La trombosis de la vena cava inferior corresponde a un porcentaje importante de las trombosis venosas en la etapa neonatal, generalmente asociado a factores de riesgo como el uso de catéter venoso central. La incidencia de endocarditis bacteriana en recién nacidos prematuros es baja. Objetivos: Cara [...] cterizar el caso de un neonato pretérmino en que se asociaron ambas patologías y detallar el espectro cambiante de esta enfermedad en la población neonatal y sus posibilidades terapéuticas. Caso clínico: Recién nacido prematuro de 31 + 5 semanas de gestación, que presentó bacteriemia por Enterococo faecalis, evolucionó con trombosis progresiva de la vena cava inferior y aurícula derecha secundaria al uso de catéter venoso umbilical, con posterior diagnóstico de endocarditis. Se manejó con anticoagulación con heparina de bajo peso molecular en forma subcutánea, dada evolución favorable, se decidió continuar manejo médico con terapia anticoagulante por 4-6 semanas, y al alta manejo con aspirina. Conclusiones: El neonato pretérmino con endocarditis infecciosa y trombo intracardiaco presentan un dilema interesante de manejo, por lo cual se debe individualizar el tratamiento según la evolución clínica y el perfil de seguridad de los agentes trombolíticos y/o anticoagulantes. La disponibilidad y las ventajas de la heparina de bajo peso molecular ha dado lugar a su uso como una alternativa de tratamiento en neonatos y niños con trombosis venosa profunda. Abstract in english Thrombosis of the inferior vena cava represents a significant percentage of all venous thrombosis that take place during the neonatal period, generally associated with risk factors such as the use of central venous catheter. The incidence of bacterial endocarditis in preterm infants is low. Objectiv [...] es: To characterize the case of a preterm neonate with both conditions and to detail the disease changing spectrum in the neonatal population and its therapeutic possibilities. Case report: Premature newborn, 31 + 5 weeks of gestation who presented Enterococcus faecalis bacteremia, developed progressive thrombosis of the inferior vena cava and right atrium secondary to the use of umbilical venous catheter, with subsequent diagnosis of endocarditis. He was treated with anticoagulation with subcutaneous low molecular weight heparin. Given a favorable evolution, it was decided to continue the anticoagulation therapy for 4-6 weeks, and at the time of discharge, aspirin treatment was given. Conclusions: The preterm infant with infective endocarditis and intracardiac thrombus presents an interesting management dilemma. Treatment should be individualized according to the clinical evolution and safety profile of thrombolytic and/or anticoagulant agents. Availability and advantages of low molecular weight heparin have led to its use as an alternative treatment in neonates and infants with deep venous thrombosis.

Andrea, Parra Buitrago; Natalia Andrea, Valencia Zuluaga; Andrés Felipe, Uribe Murillo.

2014-12-01

301

Pediococcus acidilactici endocarditis successfully treated with daptomycin.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report describes the first case of persistent bacteremia with endocarditis caused by Pediococcus acidilactici in a 32-year-old male with a history of short gut syndrome following a small bowel transplant. The results showed the utility of sequencing the intergenic spacer region for species identification and successful treatment using daptomycin. PMID:22205795

Iwen, Peter C; Mindru, Cezarina; Kalil, Andre C; Florescu, Diana F

2012-03-01

302

Diagnosis, management and outcome of Candida endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Limited data exist on Candida endocarditis (CE) outcome in the era of new antifungals. As early diagnosis of CE remains difficult, non-culture-based tools need to be evaluated. Through the French prospective MYCENDO study (2005-2007), the overall characteristics and risk factors for death from CE were analysed. The contribution of antigen detection (mannan/anti-mannan antibodies and (1,3)-?-d-glucans) and molecular tools was evaluated. Among 30 CE cases, 19 were caused by non-albicans species. Sixteen patients (53%) had a predisposing cardiac disease, which was a valvular prosthesis in ten (33%). Nine patients (30%) were intravenous drug users; none of them had right-sided CE. Among the 21 patients who were not intravenous drug users, 18 (86%) had healthcare-associated CE. Initial therapy consisted of a combination of antifungals in 12 of 30 patients (40%). Thirteen patients (43%) underwent valve replacement. The median follow-up was 1 year after discharge from hospital (range, 5 months to 4 years) and hospital mortality was 37%. On univariate analysis, patients aged ?60 years had a higher mortality risk (OR 11, 95% CI 1.2-103.9; p 0.024), whereas intravenous drug use was associated with a lower risk of death (OR 0.12, 95% CI 0.02-0.7; p 0.03). Among 18 patients screened for both serum mannan/anti-mannan antibodies and (1,3)-?-d-glucans, all had a positive result with at least one of either test at CE diagnosis. Real-time PCR was performed on blood (SeptiFast) in 12 of 18, and this confirmed the blood culture results. In conclusion, CE prognosis remains poor, with a better outcome among younger patients and intravenous drug users. Detection of serum antigens and molecular tools may contribute to earlier CE diagnosis. PMID:22329526

Lefort, A; Chartier, L; Sendid, B; Wolff, M; Mainardi, J-L; Podglajen, I; Desnos-Ollivier, M; Fontanet, A; Bretagne, S; Lortholary, O

2012-04-01

303

Intervenciones de enfermería especializada en la prevención de endocarditis infecciosa en niños con cardiopatía congénita / Specialized nursing interventions in the prevention of infectious endocarditis in children with congenital cardiopathies  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este artículo se encuentra la revisión bibliográfica respecto de medidas preventivas para coadyuvar en la disminución de riesgo de endocarditis infecciosa en niños con cardiopatía congénita. Actualmente la prevalencia de las malformaciones cardiacas reportada a nivel mundial va de 2.1 a 12.3 por [...] 1000 recién nacidos vivos; en México con base en la tasa de natalidad, se calcula que alrededor de 10 mil a 12 mil niños nacen con algún tipo de malformación cardiaca, las cuales colocan al niño en riesgo de contraer endocarditis infecciosa. Derivado de lo anterior las intervenciones de enfermería especializada - como parte del equipo interdisciplinario - deben estar dirigidas a la prevención para evitar complicaciones que pueden llegar a tener consecuencias y secuelas graves en la salud de la persona que presenta alguna alteración en la estructura cardiaca. Se realizó la búsqueda en diferentes fuentes de datos electrónicas como Pubmed, MEDLINE y Cochrane, así como en las distintas revistas de formato electrónico tanto nacionales como internacionales; las palabras clave introducidas fueron cardiopatías congénitas, endocarditis infecciosa, intervenciones de enfermería, prevención (infective endocarditis, children, congenital heart disease, nurse, y prophylaxis). Abstract in english This article is a bibliographic review on some preventive measures to assist in reducing risk of infective endocarditis in children with congenital heart disease, the prevalence of cardiac anomalies is reported worldwide from 2.1 to 12.3 per 1000 live newborns; Mexico based on the birth rate, it is [...] estimated that around 10 to 12 thousand children with some cardiac malformation, they canpredispose the child to have infective endocarditis, it is the reason why nursing interventions, must be aimed at the prevention and avoid the expected complications that may serious consequences on the health of the person submitting any alteration in the cardiac structure. Were searched in various electronic data bases such as PubMed, Med line and Cochrane. The electronic journals both national and international; key words were introduced infective endocarditis, children, congenital heart disease, nurse, and prophylaxis.

Sandra Lizbeth, Garcés-Guerrero; Nancy Guadalupe, Rojas-Lule; Magdalena, Sierra Pacheco.

2012-06-01

304

First Case of Bartonella quintana Endocarditis in Korea  

OpenAIRE

Since microbial gene sequencing was utilized for etiologic diagnosis of culture-negative endocarditis, cases of Bartonella endocarditis have been reported in various countries. Herein we report the first case of Bartonella quintana endocarditis, which was confirmed for the first time in Korea by 16S rRNA gene sequencing from the excised valve. A 75-yr-old woman was hospitalized due to dyspnea. Echocardiography demonstrated large oscillating vegetation at the aortic valve. Blood culture was ne...

Lim, Min Hee; Chung, Doo Ryeon; Kim, Wook-sung; Park, Kyung Sun; Ki, Chang-seok; Lee, Nam Yong; Kim, Sang Min

2012-01-01

305

Multimodality imaging of multivalvular endocarditis after transcatheter aortic valve replacement.  

Science.gov (United States)

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has emerged as an alternative to surgery for severe aortic stenosis in non-operable and high surgical risk patients. While endocarditis following TAVR is rare, the significant co-morbidities commonly found in this patient population can complicate evaluation and management. A case of TAVR endocarditis initially diagnosed by cardiac computed tomography angiography and confirmed with transesophageal echocardiogram is presented. In addition to demonstrating the appearance of vegetations and perivalvular involvement in endocarditis complicating TAVR, this case illustrates the utility of cardiac CT techniques in imaging suspected TAVR endocarditis. PMID:25740417

Lane, Alison B; Cahill, Michael S; Letizia, Andrew G; Hartzell, Joshua D; Villines, Todd C

2015-01-01

306

Endocardite por Streptococcus gallolyticus em portadora de lúpus eritematoso sistêmico: avaliação pelo ecocardiograma tridimensional / Streptococcus gallolyticus infective endocarditis in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus: a three-dimensional echocardiography evaluation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Mulher de 42 anos foi encaminhada ao hospital com história de febre e queda do estado geral há 30 dias. À admissão, apresentava taquicardia e sopro sistólico na região apical. Os exames de laboratório mostraram leucocitose com 13.100/mL, hemoglobina 8,4g/dL e anticorpos positivos para lúpus eritemat [...] oso sistêmico (anti-Ro/SSA, anti-La/SSB, anticardiolipina e anticorpo antinuclear); hemocultura foi positiva para Streptococcus gallolyticus. Foi realizado um ecocardiograma transesofágico tridimensional, que mostrou múltiplas vegetações na valva mitral, com perfuração do folheto e refluxo importante, além de grande vegetação aórtica com perfuração valvar e refluxo importante adicionalmente. Pequena vegetação foi identificada na valva tricúspide, com um refluxo significativo. O emprego da ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional proporcionou o diagnóstico de complicações decorrentes de endocardite infecciosa. Abstract in english A 42 year-old woman was referred to our hospital with a history of fever and poor general status for the last 30 days. She presented tachycardia and a systolic apical murmur. Laboratory tests revealed leukocytosis of 13,100/mL, hemoglobin of 8.4g/dL and positive systemic lupus erythematosus antibodi [...] es (anti-Ro/SSA, anti-La/SSB, anticardiolipin, and antinuclear antibodies); blood culture was positive for Streptococcus gallolyticus. Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography was performed and revealed multiple mitral valve vegetations, with leaflet perforation and important mitral regurgitation, as well as large aortic vegetation, with cusp perforation and severe regurgitation. Additionally, a small vegetation was observed on the tricuspid valve, which presented moderate regurgitation. Threedimensional transesophageal echocardiography provides appropriate visualization of complications resulting from infectious endocarditis.

Rudyney Eduardo Uchôa de, Azevedo; Ana Clara Tude, Rodrigues; Lucas Arraes de, França; Maria Luciana Zacarias Hannouche da, Trindade; Marcelo Luiz Campos, Vieira; Claudio Henrique, Fischer; Samira Saady, Morhy.

2013-09-01

307

Endocarditis infecciosa, experiencia de diez años en un centro de referencia nacional Infectious endocarditis, 10 years of experience in a national reference center  

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Full Text Available Objetivo: estudiar las características clínicas, epidemiológicas y microbiológicas, así como el tratamiento médico quirúrgico de los pacientes ingresados con el diagnóstico de endocarditis infecciosa, con el propósito de profundizar en su estudio y contribuir a un mejor tratamiento a estos pacientes. Métodos: se estudiaron 24 pacientes procedentes de todo el país, egresados con el diagnóstico de endocarditis infecciosa. Los datos fueron recogidos de las historias clínicas procedentes del archivo del Hospital "William Soler", y de la base de datos del servicio de cirugía del cardiocentro. Se determinó la frecuencia de las diferentes manifestaciones de la endocarditis infecciosa según: grupos etarios, factores de riesgo, y los datos clínicos, de laboratorio y microbiológicos más frecuentes. Además, se determinó la toma valvular predominante, la etiología y su respuesta a los antibióticos. Resultados: el grupo de edad más afectado fue entre 5 y 18 años; la cardiopatía previa fue el factor de riesgo predominante; los síntomas y signos más frecuentes fueron la fiebre, la anorexia y la pérdida de peso. La insuficiencia cardiaca y el embolismo pulmonar fueron complicaciones frecuentes. La mayoría de los pacientes tuvo una eritrosedimentación acelerada, y la cuarta parte de los casos presentaron hemocultivos negativos. Las válvulas aórtica y mitral resultaron las más afectadas, y el curso clínico que predominó fue el subagudo. En casi la mitad de los pacientes la infección tuvo un origen nosocomial. Los antimicrobianos más utilizados fueron la amikacina, la vancomicina y la ceftriaxona. Conclusiones: la endocarditis infecciosa es poco frecuente en nuestra institución, ocurre más a menudo en relación con las cardiopatías congénitas. Los hechos clínicos más constantes fueron la fiebre y el antecedente de cardiopatía previa.Objective: to study the clinical, epidemiological and microbiological characteristics as well as the surgical medical treatment of patients admitted diagnosed with infectious endocarditis to deepen in its study and to contribute to a better treatment for these patients. Methods: twenty four patients from whole country, discharged with the diagnosis of infectious endocarditis. Data were collect from the medical records of the "William Soler" Children Hospital files and from the database of surgery service of heart center. The frequency of different manifestations of infectious endocarditis was determined according to: age groups, risk factors and the more frequent clinical, laboratory and microbiologic data. Also, the predominant valvular take, the etiology and the response to antibiotics were determined. Results: the more involved age group was between 5 and 18 years; the previous heart disease was the more predominant factor; the more frequent symptoms and signs were: fever, anorexia and weight loss. The heart failure and the pulmonary embolism were frequent complications. Most of patients had an accelerated erythrosedimentation and the fourth of cases had negative blood cultures. The aortic and mitral valves were the more involved and the predominant clinical course was the subacute. In almost the half of patients the infection had a nosocomial origin. The more used antimicrobial agents were amikacin, vancomycin and ceftriaxone. Conclusions: the infectious endocarditis is uncommon in our institution occurs more often in relation to congenital heart diseases. The more constant clinical facts were fever and a history of previous heart disease.

Elsa Fleitas Ruisánchez

2011-12-01

308

Prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Candida lusitaniae, an uncommon pathogen: a case report  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Candida lusitaniae was originally described as a human pathogen in 1979 and typically affects immunocompromised patients. Case presentation We describe a case of prosthetic valve endocarditis with Candida lusitaniae in an immunocompetent 62-year-old woman following aortic valve replacement. In vitro testing demonstrated that our isolate was sensitive to amphotericin B, caspofungin and fluconazole. Conclusion The infection was lethal despite aggressive medical and surgical management and sterilization of blood cultures. The outcome of our case illustrates the need to recognize Candida lusitaniae fungemia as a life-threatening infection in a patient with a prosthetic aortic valve.

Michel Ross G

2009-05-01

309

[Subacute infectious endocarditis of unusual etiology: peculiarities of diagnostics and treatment].  

Science.gov (United States)

Infectious endocarditis (IE) is an inflammatory disease of cardiac valves and endocardium of different origin. Subacute IE is a specific form of sepsis associated with the presence of the site of infection in the heart responsible for recurrent septicemia, embolism, and progressive changes in the immune system leading to nephritis, vasculitis, synovitis, and polyserositis. This form develops in response to a low-virulent pathogen (e.g.fungi) or as a result of inefficient antibacterial therapy. A patient is described presenting with fibrous body, aortic and mitral valve infection by the alga Prototheca wickerhamii associated with primary (myeloperoxidase) immunodeficiency. Recent data on diagnostics and treatment of subacute IE are presented. PMID:21932571

Vakhliaev, A V; Katkov, A I; Katkova, V O; Nesterov, A P; Novikova, N A; Ovchinnikov, R S; Sedov, V P; Syrkin, A L

2011-01-01

310

Endocarditis infecciosa en la Unidad de Medicina Intensiva / Infectious endocarditis in the intensive care unit  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Conocer las características, evolución y pronóstico de los pacientes con endocarditis infecciosa que requieren tratamiento en la Unidad de Medicina Intensiva. Diseño: Estudio observacional de cohortes prospectivo en pacientes ingresados por endocarditis infecciosa. Ámbito: Hospital Univers [...] itario Nuestra Señora de Candelaria, centro con 824 camas y población asignada de 493.145 personas. Pacientes: Todos los pacientes diagnosticados de endocarditis siguiendo los criterios de Duke entre el 1 de enero de 2005 y el 31 de julio de 2011. Variables de interés: Variables demográficas, clínicas, scores de gravedad, hallazgos microbiológicos y ecocardiográficos, mortalidad intrahospitalaria y complicaciones. Resultados: De 102 pacientes diagnosticados de endocarditis, 38 (37%) ingresaron en Medicina Intensiva. Comparándolos con los que no lo hicieron, sufrieron con más frecuencia afectación mitral (OR= 7,13; IC del 95%, 2,12-24; p= 0,002) y embolia cerebral (OR= 3,89; IC del 95%, 1,06-14,3; p= 0,041). La mortalidad fue mayor (42,1 vs 18,8%, p= 0,011), así como la proporción de cirugías urgentes (45,8 vs 5,9%, p Abstract in english Objective: To study the characteristics, evolution and prognosis of patients with infectious endocarditis requiring treatment in the Intensive Care Unit. Design: A prospective, observational cohort study of patients admitted due to infectious endocarditis. Setting: Nuestra Señora de Candelaria Unive [...] rsity Hospital, a third - level center with a recruitment population of 493,145. Patients: All patients consecutively diagnosed with infectious endocarditis in our center according to the Duke criteria, between 1 January 2005 and 31 July 2011. Study variables: Demographic data, clinical severity scores, microbiological and echocardiographic data, hospital mortality and complications. Results: Out of 102 patients diagnosed with endocarditis, 38 (37%) were admitted to Intensive Care. Compared with those patients not admitted to the ICU, these subjects suffered more frequent mitral valve alterations (OR= 7.13; 95%CI: 2.12-24; p= 0.002) and cerebral embolism (OR= 3.89; 95%CI: 1.06-14.3; p= 0.041). In turn, mortality was greater (42.1% vs 18.8%, p= 0.011), as was the proportion of emergency surgeries (45.8% vs 5.9%, p

S., Miranda-Montero; M., Rodríguez-Esteban; L., Álvarez-Acosta; S., Lubillo-Montenegro; H., Pérez-Hernández; R., Llorens-León.

2012-10-01

311

Bacterial endocarditis due to eikenella corrodens: A case report  

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Full Text Available Of all the causes of bacterial endocarditis, HACEK group consisting of Haemophilus, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Cardiobacterium hominis, Eikenella corrodens, and Kingella Kingae are rare causative agents. We report a case of bacterial endocarditis by E. corrodens, which is one of the members of the HACEK group.

Mahapatra A

2003-01-01

312

Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia: evaluation of the role of transoesophageal echocardiography in identifying clinically unsuspected endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) is an important cause of community and nosocomial sepsis, with a significant mortality rate. Infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious complication, occurring in up to 25 % of cases. Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) significantly improves the sensitivity of diagnosis. We compared the sensitivity and specificity of clinical evaluation alone in diagnosing IE. We evaluated all adult patients with SAB at our centre from 1998 to 2006 in order to determine what proportion of clinically unsuspected cases were diagnosed with IE on TOE. IE was defined according to modified Duke criteria. The median age of the patients was 68 years, 77 % were male and the majority of cases did not have a known pre-existing condition. Twenty-one percent were methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Intravascular device was the most common cause of bacteraemia. TOE was performed in 144 (100 %) of the cases. IE was suspected clinically in 15 % of cases, and the overall prevalence of possible or definite IE on TOE-inclusive Duke criteria was 29 % (n?=?41). Following TOE, 22 (15 %) cases were reclassified as either possible or definite endocarditis. TOE detected a vegetation in 37 (90 %) of the 41 cases of IE. Nineteen (46 %) were not suspected clinically by Duke criteria. Sensitivity improved in the presence of pre-existing valve lesion or community acquisition. The overall in-hospital mortality was 10 %. There is a high incidence of endocarditis in SAB and a large percentage of cases are not evident on clinical grounds. TOE evaluation is indicated for all medically suitable adult patients with SAB in order to improve the detection of endocarditis. PMID:23417650

Incani, A; Hair, C; Purnell, P; O'Brien, D P; Cheng, A C; Appelbe, A; Athan, E

2013-08-01

313

Primary actinomycotic endocarditis: a case report and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Primary actinomycotic endocarditis is extremely rare. The author reported a case who suffered from endocarditis due to Actinomyces georgiae which the portal of entry for the organism could not be determined The author also reviewed the literature which described similar conditions. In addition, to the author's knowledge, there have been no reported cases of actinomyces georgiae endocarditis. Thus, this is the first report in the world. Clinical features of this rare condition are indistinguishable from other bacterial endocarditis. Actinomyces spp. is usually susceptible to a wide range of antibiotics, and endocarditis caused by this genus needs a prolonged course of antimicrobial treatment. However the optimal duration of therapy is still unknown. Prognosis is good with early detection and proper management. PMID:18697396

Jitmuang, Anupop

2008-06-01

314

Endocarditis de válvula protésica por Salmonella no tifoidea / Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis due to Non-Typhoid Salmonella  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Existen varios factores predisponentes para el desarrollo de endocarditis infecciosa; entre ellos se destacan el antecedente de haber padecido endocarditis infecciosa y el recambio valvular con válvula protésica. La endocarditis infecciosa de válvula protésica producida por Salmonella es una entidad [...] de muy baja incidencia. En esta presentación se describe el caso de una paciente con antecedente de doble recambio valvular, mitral y aórtico, que ingresó con un cuadro de sepsis grave. Se llegó al diagnóstico etiológico de endocarditis infecciosa por Salmonella enteritidis a través de hemocultivos. La paciente tuvo una evolución fulminante y falleció antes de las 24 horas. Abstract in english There are several predisposing factors for the development of infectious endocarditis, among them, the history of infectious endocarditis and prosthetic valve replacement. Infectious endocarditis in prosthetic valve caused by Salmonella is an unusual entity. We report the case of a female patient wi [...] th a history of double-valve mitral and aortic replacement, who was admitted due to severe sepsis. The etiological diagnosis of infectious endocarditis by Salmonella enteritidis was reached through blood cultures. The clinical course was fulminant and she died within the first 24 hours.

Marta E., Cardús; Romina E., Trossero; Jorge, Curotto Grasiosi; Antonio, Abdala; María J., Torres.

2013-02-01

315

Lactobacillus Endocarditis with Prosthetic Material: A Case Report on Non-Surgical Management with Corresponding Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

Lactobacilli are rod shaped gram positive bacteria that naturally colonize the human gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts and occasionally cause disease in humans. Lactobacillus infections are found in patients who are immunocompromized or have severe comorbidities. We report Lactobacillus endocarditis in a 17-year-old adolescent girl with cardiac prosthetic material following surgical correction for complex cyanotic congenital heart disease. Accurate identification of the organism can b...

Mena Botros; Deepa Mukundan

2014-01-01

316

Aortic root re-replacement with cryopreserved aortic homograft in a patient with active composite valve-graft endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe a repeat aortic root replacement using a cryopreserved aortic homograft in a patient with active composite valve-graft endocarditis and an aortic root abscess. At the second surgery, infected prosthetic material was removed and surrounding tissue was radically debrided. The cryopreserved aortic homograft was positioned using the full root technique with a concomitant coronary bypass graft. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient continues to thrive 2 years after the repeat operation. PMID:18677092

Shimizu, Hideyuki; Takahashi, Tatsuo; Yamazaki, Masataka; Hasegawa, Naoki; Shin, Hankei; Yozu, Ryohei

2008-06-01

317

Beneficial Influence of Platelets on Antibiotic Efficacy in an In Vitro Model of Staphylococcus aureus-Induced Endocarditis  

OpenAIRE

Platelets contribute to antimicrobial host defense against infective endocarditis (IE) by releasing platelet microbicidal proteins (PMPs). We investigated the influence of thrombin-stimulated human platelets on the evolution of simulated IE in the presence and absence of vancomycin or nafcillin. Staphylococcus aureus strains differing in intrinsic susceptibility to PMPs or antibiotics were studied: ISP479C (thrombin-induced PMP-1 [tPMP-1] susceptible; nafcillin and vancomycin susceptible), IS...

Mercier, Renee-claude; Dietz, Robert M.; Mazzola, Jory L.; Bayer, Arnold S.; Yeaman, Michael R.

2004-01-01

318

Misidentification of toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae as a Corynebacterium species with low virulence in a child with endocarditis.  

OpenAIRE

A 6-year-old boy presented to a university hospital in Malaysia with infective endocarditis complicating cyanotic congenital heart disease. Blood cultures showed a gram-positive, aerobic, coryneform-like bacillus identified by the hospital laboratory as Corynebacterium xerosis, but a reference laboratory identified the organism as a toxigenic strain of Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The two laboratories concurred on all biochemical test results except for sucrose fermentation.

Pennie, R. A.; Malik, A. S.; Wilcox, L.

1996-01-01

319

Tratamento clínico de endocardite em prótese valvar complicada por abscesso para-protético Successful medical management of prosthetic-valve endocarditis complicated by perivalvular abscess  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O presente artigo relata o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, 44 anos, com endocardite em prótese aórtica complicada por abscesso para-protético. Evoluiu com melhora do processo infeccioso apenas com o tratamento clínico. História prévia de doença reumática, submetido a três cirurgias cardíacas para troca valvar por disfunção de prótese e endocardite prévia. Neste relato de caso, discutiremos as características principais do abscesso para-protético como complicação de endocarditeWe present a case of a 44-year-old man with prosthetic aortic endocarditis complicated by a perivalvular abscess. He evolved with improvement of the infectious process only under clinical treatment. The patient presented a prior history of rheumatic fever and had previously been undergone three valve replacements due to prosthesis dysfunction and previous endocarditis. In this case report we discuss the main features of perivalvular abscess complicating infective endocarditis

Maria do Carmo Pereira Nunes

2009-09-01

320

Tratamento clínico de endocardite em prótese valvar complicada por abscesso para-protético / Successful medical management of prosthetic-valve endocarditis complicated by perivalvular abscess  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O presente artigo relata o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, 44 anos, com endocardite em prótese aórtica complicada por abscesso para-protético. Evoluiu com melhora do processo infeccioso apenas com o tratamento clínico. História prévia de doença reumática, submetido a três cirurgias cardíacas [...] para troca valvar por disfunção de prótese e endocardite prévia. Neste relato de caso, discutiremos as características principais do abscesso para-protético como complicação de endocardite Abstract in english We present a case of a 44-year-old man with prosthetic aortic endocarditis complicated by a perivalvular abscess. He evolved with improvement of the infectious process only under clinical treatment. The patient presented a prior history of rheumatic fever and had previously been undergone three valv [...] e replacements due to prosthesis dysfunction and previous endocarditis. In this case report we discuss the main features of perivalvular abscess complicating infective endocarditis

Maria do Carmo Pereira, Nunes; Claudio Leo, Gelape; Felipe Batista Lima, Barbosa; Luciano Ribeiro, Leduc; Christiano Gonçalves de, Araújo; Lucas Fabel, Chalup; Marcela Ferreira, Nicoliello; Teresa Cristina Abreu, Ferrari.

2009-09-01

321

Endocardite infecciosa: uma suspeita sempre presente / Infectious endocarditis: an ever-present suspicion  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Introdução: O diagnóstico de endocardite infecciosa requer um elevado grau de suspeição para ser estabelecido atempadamente. O médico de família, conhecendo os fatores de risco de cada doente, está numa posição privilegiada para a suspeita clínica de endocardite, podendo desempenhar um papel fulcral [...] no diagnóstico desta patologia. Descrição do Caso: Manuel, utente de 59 anos acompanhado na nossa consulta desde 2007, tem como antecedentes pessoais 3 episódios prévios de endocardite infecciosa, dois dos quais associados a prótese valvular colocada na sequência do primeiro episódio. Foi acompanhado na nossa consulta por um quadro de síndrome febril indeterminado, associado a parâmetros inflamatórios elevados, com dois ecocardiogramas negativos realizados a nível hospitalar. Por se tratar de um utente de risco elevado para recorrência de endocardite infecciosa, a médica de família nunca abandonou esta hipótese diagnóstica. Perante o quadro, pediu hemoculturas em ambulatório, que foram positivas para Enterococos faecalis. O doente foi novamente enviado ao hospital, desta vez realizando um ecocardiograma que revelou vegetação, tendo-se estabelecido o diagnóstico definitivo de endocardite infecciosa 20 dias após o início do quadro clínico. Foi internado e cumpriu antibioterapia. Contudo, no início do segundo mês de internamento, teve um episódio de AVC hemorrágico, tendo como consequências hemiparesia direita e disartria a longo prazo. Comentário: Apesar de se tratar de uma doença rara, a endocardite infecciosa associada a próteses valvulares está associada a elevada morbimortalidade. A forma de apresentação é variável, estando o médico dependente de um elevado grau de suspeição para conseguir estabelecer o diagnóstico atempadamente, minimizando as sequelas a longo prazo. Os critérios de Duke facilitam o estabelecimento adequado do diagnóstico; no entanto a sensibilidade destes critérios diminui em doentes com próteses valvulares. Trata-se de um quadro subagudo de endocardite, necessitando de 20 dias para se estabelecer o diagnóstico final, após o resultado de hemoculturas positivas. Foi a persistência da suspeita diagnóstica que permitiu o diagnóstico atempado. Abstract in english Introduction: An elevated level of suspicion is required to make a timely diagnosis of infective endocarditis. The family physician with knowledge of the risk factors of each patient is in a privileged position to diagnose this disease. Case Description: A 59 year-old male patient with a history of [...] 3 previous episodes of infective endocarditis has been treated in our practice since 2007. Two episodes were associated with a prosthetic valve (a consequence of the first episode). He was seen recently for an episode of fever of unknown origin associated with high serum levels of markers of inflammation. Two echocardiograms performed in hospital were non-diagnostic. The family physician retained a suspicion of infective endocarditis in this high-risk patient. Ambulatory blood cultures were positive for Enterococcus faecalis. The patient was again sent to the hospital and the echocardiogram now revealed a cardiac vegetation, confirming the diagnosis of infective endocarditis, 20 days after the initial onset of symptoms. At the beginning of the second month of his stay at the hospital, the patient suffered a hemorrhagic stroke, leaving him with dysarthria and a right hemiparesis. Discussion: Although infective endocarditis is a rare disease, it has high morbidity and mortality when associated with prosthetic heart valves. The presentation of the disease is variable, so the physician needs a high level of suspicion to make a prompt diagnosis and prevent long-term consequences. The Duke criteria may help with diagnosis. However, the sensitivity of the criteria is reduced in patients with prosthetic valves. This is a sub-acute case of endocarditis, in which the diagnosis was made with positive blood cultures after 20 days of symptoms. Persistent suspicion of endocardit

Ana Santos, Ferreira.

2013-01-01

322

Penicillin Therapy of Experimental Endocarditis Induced by Tolerant Streptococcus sanguis and Nontolerant Streptococcus mitis  

OpenAIRE

The response of tolerant Streptococcus sanguis and nontolerant Streptococcus mitis infections to penicillin therapy was compared in the rabbit model of endocarditis. The minimal inhibitory and bactericidal concentrations of penicillin were 0.1 and 0.1 ?g/ml, respectively, for S. mitis and 0.05 and 6.2 ?g/ml, respectively, for S. sanguis. Time-kill studies done in vitro with penicillin concentrations of 2 and 20 ?g/ml demonstrated minimal killing of the tolerant strain, with a 3 log differe...

Lowy, Franklin D.; Neuhaus, Ellen G.; Chang, Daniel S.; Steigbigel, Neal H.

1983-01-01

323

[Infectious endocarditis complicated with preoperative infectious intracranial aneurysm;report of a case].  

Science.gov (United States)

A 44-year-old man was admitted with the diagnosis of active infective endocarditis( IE) due to Streptococcus mitis, complicated with infectious intracranial aneurysm. Preoperative echocardiography showed mobile vegetation on the mitral leaflet, size of which was 20 mm. The magnetic resonance imaging( MRI) demonstrated that the size of aneurysm was increasing, and infectious intracranial aneurysm was treated surgically. Twenty one days after the operation, the mitral valve plasty was performed. He was discharged on foot without any neurological findings. The duration between the brain surgery and the cardiac surgery was thought to be important to prevent the new neurological complication. PMID:25743362

Ezure, Masahiko; Kaneko, Tatsuo; Hasegawa, Yutaka; Kimura, Chieri; Okada, Shuichi; Okonogi, Shuichi; Takihara, Hitomi; Naito, Noritsugu

2015-02-01

324

Endocarditis due to Burkholderia cepacia and an intracardiac foreign body in a renal transplant patient.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors describe the case of a renal transplant patient who developed late infective endocarditis associated with an intracardiac fragment of a catheter inserted 16 years before. Clinical presentation was anemia of undetermined cause and weight loss. Three blood cultures were positive for Burkholderia cepacia. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed a foreign body in the right atrium and right ventricle, confirmed by computed tomography. The patient underwent intravenous antibiotic therapy, followed by cardiac surgery to remove the foreign body. There were no postoperative complications, with improvement of anemia and stabilization of renal function. PMID:24525360

Falcão Pedrosa Costa, André; Castelo Branco Cavalcanti, Frederico; Modesto dos Santos, Vitorino

2014-02-01

325

Tricuspid valve endocarditis associated with intravenous nyoape use: A report of 3 cases  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english We report three cases of tricuspid valve infective endocarditis associated with intravenous nyoape use. Nyoape is a variable drug combination of an antiretroviral (efavirenz or ritonavir), heroin, metamphetamines and cannabis. Its use is becoming increasingly common among poor communities in South A [...] frica. All our patients were young HIV-positive men from disadvantaged backgrounds. They all presented with tricuspid regurgitation and septic pulmonary emboli. They were treated with prolonged intravenous antibiotic courses, and one required referral for surgery.

R, Meel; F, Peters; M R, Essop.

2014-12-01

326

Aortic root replacement using a homograft for recurrent valve endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Prosthetic valve endocarditis is a relatively rare condition associated with high mortality. Endocarditis affecting 2 successive mechanical valves at the aortic position has not, to the best of our knowledge, been described. We reported such a patient whose condition was further complicated by mitral regurgitation, pulmonary hypertension, worsening heart failure, and cardiac conduction abnormalities. Considering the failure of 2 previous mechanical valves, we conducted a homograft replacement of the aortic root with coronary reattachment. Mitral regurgitation was treated by annuloplasty. The patient's early postoperative course was uneventful and he was doing well 16 months after surgery. We discuss the overall treatment strategy for recurrent prosthetic valve endocarditis and potential homograft advantages. PMID:12382410

Bashar, Abul Hasan Muhammad; Kazui, Teruhisa; Washiyama, Naoki; Yamashita, Katsushi; Terada, Hitoshi; Ohkura, Kazuhiro

2002-09-01

327

Invasive Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae infection in northeast Thailand.  

OpenAIRE

Three cases of invasive Erysipelothrix rhusipathiae infection, which is considered rare, presented to a hospital in Ubon Ratchathani, northeast Thailand during 2006. Patients presented with variable clinical manifestations including diffused cutaneous lesions, bacteremia and endocarditis. Erysipelothrix infection may be an emerging infection in immunocompromized individuals in Thailand.

Mahavanakul, W.; Limmathurotsakul, D.; Teerawattanasuk, N.; Peacock, Sj

2007-01-01

328

Infected total knee arthroplasty treatment outcome analysis  

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Full Text Available Background/Aim. Infected total knee arthroplasty (TKA is a topic of great importance, because its diagnosing and treatment requires a lot of resources, and often has an unsatisfactory outcome. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcome of the treatment of infection developed following TKA. Methods. This retrospective study of infected TKAs was performed in the period from 1998 to 2008 in the Orthopedics & Traumatology Clinic of the Military Medical Academy (MMA in Belgrade. A total of 654 primary and revised TKAs were performed in the said period. We registered and surgically treated 28 infected TKAs (primary TKAs: MMA - 22, other institutions - 6. The incidence of TKA infection in the MMA was 3.36%. The most common pathogens were: Staphylococcus aureus - 14 (50% cases, and Staph. epidermidis - 3 (10.7% cases. Other isolated pathogens were: Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella pneum., Klebsiella spp., Streptoccocus viridans, Seratia spp, Micrococcus luteus and Peptostreptococcus spp. In one case we had mixed anaerobic flora, and in 3 cases cultures were negative. We analyzed diagnostic challenges, risk factors (such as age and previous viscosupplementation and treatment outcomes in our series of infected TKAs. Results. In our series 2 infections healed after iv antibiotics and debridement, 1 patient responded to open debridement with component retention, 4 patients responded fully to one-stage reimplantation, 10 cases responded fully to two-stage reimplantation, 11 patients ended with arthrodesis and we had 1 patient with above knee amputation. Conclusion. Two-stage reimplantation remains gold standard for treatment of infected TKA, and we recommend it as treatment of choice for eradication of infection. The antibiotic loaded spacer prothesis concept in most cases allows infection eradication, good function and high patient satisfaction.

Radoi?i? Dragan

2012-01-01

329

An Early Diagnosis of Endocarditis Facilitated by the Electronic Stethoscope  

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Full Text Available The practice of cardiac auscultation is a critical tool used by physicians to detect alterations in the cardiovascular system. A case of both left and right sided endocarditis initially detected by electronic auscultation in a woman with a history of injection drug use is described. The electronic stethoscope, with the ability to amplify heart sounds, established the presence of both a systolic and diastolic murmur when standard auscultation failed to detect the diastolic component. Urgent standard echocardiography confirmed concurrent tricuspid and aortic valves endocarditis, and the patient was referred for surgical evaluation urgently. The present case demonstrates the value of the electronic stethoscope to amplify murmurs in the early detection of endocarditis. The case presented also serves as a useful reminder that right-sided endocarditis can have important leftsided complications.

Walid Barake

2014-05-01

330

Septic embolic encephalitis after Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis of a prosthetic valve in a 57-year-old woman: a case report  

OpenAIRE

For prosthetic heart valves the risk of infection is much higher than for native heart valves. During the course of infective endocarditis 20-40% of all patients suffer from cerebrovascular complications such as ischaemic stroke or intracerebral haemorrhage. We present the case of a 57-year-old woman who had undergone surgery to mechanically replace an aortic heart valve 11 months ago and suffered from repeated ischaemic strokes with secondary haemorrhage. The initial antibiotic regimen was i...

To?nges, Lars; Pilgram-pastor, Sara M.; Puls, Miriam; Schmidt, Holger

2009-01-01

331

Endocarditis-associated Brain Lesions in Slaughter Pigs  

OpenAIRE

Left-sided valvular endocarditis (LSVE) is a common finding in slaughter pigs. The lesion is often associated with renal thromboembolism, but information on embolization to other organs is sparse. This study focuses on the presence and type of endocarditis-associated brain lesions (EABLs). The brains of 20 slaughter pigs with spontaneously arising LSVE and 11 controls were examined by sectioning half of a formalin-fixed brain into 4mm slices for histological examination. The aetiology of the ...

Karstrup, C. C.; Jensen, H. E.; Aalbæk, B.; Leifsson, P. S.; Boye, Mette; Agerholm, J. S.

2011-01-01

332

Imbalance of circulating lymphoid cells in Q fever endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Q fever endocarditis is characterized by a defective cell-mediated immune response, which may be associated with the dysregulation of circulating subsets of immune cells. In this study, we found that naïve CD8(+) T lymphocytes and CD56dim natural killer cells were decreased patients whereas central memory CD8(+) T lymphocytes were increased. It is likely that these different subsets of immune cells play a role in the immunosuppression accompanying Q fever endocarditis. PMID:25722485

Ka, Mignane B; Gondois-Rey, Françoise; Ghigo, Eric; Raoult, Didier; Olive, Daniel; Mege, Jean-Louis

2015-03-01

333

An analysis of 113 intracranial infections  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The location, source of infection, and CT characteristics of 90 intracerebral abscesses and 23 subdural empyemas are reported with special regard to capsule enhancement and surrounding cerebral edema. (orig.)

334

Quantitative Image Analysis of HIV-1 Infection in Lymphoid Tissue  

Science.gov (United States)

Tracking human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) infection at the cellular level in tissue reservoirs provides opportunities to better understand the pathogenesis of infection and to rationally design and monitor therapy A quantitative technique was developed to determine viral burden in two important cellular compartments in lymphoid tissues. Image analysis and in situ hybridization were combined to show that in the presymptomatic stages of infection there is a large, relatively stable pool of virions on the surfaces of follicular dendritic cells and a smaller pool of productively infected cells Despite evidence of constraints on HIV-1 replication in the infected cell population in lymphoid tissues, estimates of the numbers of these cells and the virus they could produce are consistent with the quantities of virus that have been detected in the bloodstream. The cellular sources of virus production and storage in lymphoid tissues can now be studied with this approach over the course of infection and treatment.

Haase, Ashley T.; Henry, Keith; Zupancic, Mary; Sedgewick, Gerald; Faust, Russell A.; Melroe, Holly; Cavert, Winston; Gebhard, Kristin; Staskus, Katherine; Zhang, Zhi-Qiang; Dailey, Peter J.; Balfour, Henry H., Jr.; Erice, Alejo; Perelson, Alan S.

1996-11-01

335

Endocarditis bacteriana en el cable de resincronizador: Descripción de un caso clínico y revisión de la literatura / Bacterial endocarditis in a resynchronization wire: Case report and review of the literature / Endocardite bacteriana no cabo-eletrodo do ressincronizador: Descrição de um caso clínico e revisão da literatura  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available A endocardite relacionada com a infecção do cabo-eletrodo do ressincronizador cardíaco é uma complicação rara associada aos marcapassos endocavitários. A incidência da endocardite que aparece após o implante de um marcapasso endocavitário permanente oscila entre 0,13% e 7,9%. A história natural da i [...] nfecção em alguns casos é sombria, com uma alta porcentagem de mortalidade, entre um 30-35%, segundo diferentes estudos. A seguir apresenta-se o caso de uma paciente com endocardite no cabo-eletrodo de um ressincronizador implantável em que não foi necessária a extração do mesmo. Abstract in spanish La endocarditis, relacionada con la infección del cable del resincronizador cardíaco, es una complicación rara asociada a los marcapasos endocavitarios. La incidencia de endocarditis que aparece tras el implante de un marcapasos endocavitario permanente oscila entre el 0,13% y el 7,9%. La historia n [...] atural de la infección en algunos casos es sombría, con un porcentaje de mortalidad alto, entre un 30-35%, según diferentes estudios. A continuación se presenta el caso de una paciente con endocarditis en el cable de un resincronizador implantable en la que no fue necesaria la extracción del mismo. Abstract in english Endocarditis related to infection of the endocavitary wire is a rare complication associated with pacemakers endocavitaries. The incidence of endocarditis that appears after the implantation of a permanent endocardial pacemaker ranges between 0.13% and 7.9%. The natural history of infection in some [...] cases is grim, with a high mortality rate, between 30-35%, according to various studies. We present a patient with endocarditis associated to a resynchronization wire in which it was not necessary its removal.

Eduardo, Contreras Zuniga; Sandra Ximena, Zuluaga Martínez.

2009-06-01

336

Vertebral osteomyelitis and native valve endocarditis due to Staphylococcus simulans: a case report  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Staphylococcus simulans is a common animal pathogen that occasionally can colonize human skin. Unlike other coagulase-negative staphylococci, S. simulans tends to cause more severe infections that resemble those caused by S. aureus. We present a case of vertebral osteomyelitis and endocarditis due to S. simulans. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of vertebral osteomyelitis associated with native valve endocarditis rather than orthopedic surgery. Case presentation A 46-year-old male butcher was admitted to the hospital with a 4-week history of high fever with profound sweating. He reported weakness in his legs and low back pain that compromised his walking ability. Blood cultures yielded Gram-positive cocci on Gram stain. These cocci were identified to the species level as S. simulans, a coagulase-negative staphylococcus. The patient was treated with antibiotics, which were discontinued after 6 months. Conclusion This case illustrates the importance of identifying coagulase-negative staphylococci to the species level. Accurate identification of S. simulans would further help investigations defining its pathogenic role in human infections.

Vallianou Natalia

2008-05-01

337

Clinical analysis of deep neck space infections  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Deep neck space infections, which affect soft tissues and fascial compartments of the head and neck, can lead to lethal complications unless treated carefully and quickly, even with the advanced antibiotics available. We reviewed our seventeen patients with deep neck abscesses, analyzed their location by reviewing CT images, and discussed the treatment. Deep neck space infections were classified according to the degree of diffusion of infection diagnosed by CT images. Neck space infection in two cases was localized to the upper neck space above the hyoid bone (Stage I). Neck space infection in 12 cases extended to the lower neck space (Stage II), and further extended to the mediastinum in one case (Stage III). The two cases of Stage I and the four cases of Stage II were managed with incision and drainage through a submental approach. The seven cases of Stage II were managed with incision and drainage parallel to the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, the ''Dean'' approach. The one case of Stage III received treatment through transcervicotomy and anterior mediastinal drainage through a subxiphodal incision. The parapharyngeal space played an important role in that the inflammatory change can spread to the neck space inferiorly. The anterior cervical space in the infrahyoid neck was important for mediastinal extension of parapharyngeal abscesses. It is important to diagnose deep neck space infections promptly and treat them adequately, and contrast-enhan treat them adequately, and contrast-enhanced CT is useful and indispensable for diagnosis. The point is which kind of drainage has to be performed. If the surgical method of drainage is chosen according to the level of involvement in the neck space and mediastinum, excellent results may be obtained in terms of survival and morbidity. (author)

338

Brucella Endocarditis with Splenic Abscess: A Report of the First Case Diagnosed in Korea  

OpenAIRE

Human brucellosis has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations, which includes endocarditis, a focal complication that is uncommon yet responsible for the majority of associated deaths. The most successful treatment outcomes of Brucella endocarditis have been reported with usage of both antimicrobial agents and surgery. However, there are few reports on the treatment of Brucella endocarditis using antibiotics only. We report the first case in Korea of Brucella endocarditis with aortic valv...

Park, Sang Hyun; Choi, Young Sill; Choi, Yu Jeong; Cho, Soung Hoon; Yoon, Hee Jung

2009-01-01

339

Multiple functional domains of Enterococcus faecalis aggregation substance Asc10 contribute to endocarditis virulence.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aggregation substance proteins encoded by sex pheromone plasmids increase the virulence of Enterococcus faecalis in experimental pathogenesis models, including infectious endocarditis models. These large surface proteins may contain multiple functional domains involved in various interactions with other bacterial cells and with the mammalian host. Aggregation substance Asc10, encoded by plasmid pCF10, is induced during growth in the mammalian bloodstream, and pCF10 carriage gives E. faecalis a significant selective advantage in this environment. We employed a rabbit model to investigate the role of various functional domains of Asc10 in endocarditis. The data suggested that the bacterial load of the infected tissue was the best indicator of virulence. Isogenic strains carrying either no plasmid, wild-type pCF10, a pCF10 derivative with an in-frame deletion of the prgB gene encoding Asc10, or pCF10 derivatives expressing other alleles of prgB were examined in this model. Previously identified aggregation domains contributed to the virulence associated with the wild-type protein, and a strain expressing an Asc10 derivative in which glycine residues in two RGD motifs were changed to alanine residues showed the greatest reduction in virulence. Remarkably, this strain and the strain carrying the pCF10 derivative with the in-frame deletion of prgB were both significantly less virulent than an isogenic plasmid-free strain. The data demonstrate that multiple functional domains are important in Asc10-mediated interactions with the host during the course of experimental endocarditis and that in the absence of a functional prgB gene, pCF10 carriage is actually disadvantageous in vivo. PMID:18955479

Chuang, Olivia N; Schlievert, Patrick M; Wells, Carol L; Manias, Dawn A; Tripp, Timothy J; Dunny, Gary M

2009-01-01

340

Frequency of Isolation of Staphylococcus lugdunensis among Staphylococcal Isolates Causing Endocarditis: a 20-Year Experience  

OpenAIRE

Eighty-nine staphylococcal isolates recovered from patients with bacterial endocarditis at the Mayo Clinic from 1980 to 1999 were studied to determine the prevalence of Staphylococcus lugdunensis among clinical isolates of staphylococci causing endocarditis. Four isolates, all from patients with native mitral valve endocarditis, were identified as S. lugdunensis.

Patel, Robin; Piper, Kerryl E.; Rouse, Mark S.; Uhl, James R.; Cockerill, Franklin R.; Steckelberg, James M.

2000-01-01

341

Native Valve Endocarditis due to Enterococcus hirae Presenting as a Neurological Deficit  

OpenAIRE

Enterococcus hirae is a rare isolate in clinical specimens. We describe a case of native aortic valve endocarditis in a 56-year-old man. This is the third reported case of endocarditis due to this organism, the first without recurrence of endocarditis and the first presenting as a neurological deficit.

Renato Anghinah; Rafael Gustavo Sato Watanabe; Mateus Mistieri Simabukuro; Carla Guariglia; Amp Xe Cio Figueira Pinto, L.; Gon Amp Xe Alves, Daniella Costa Menezes E.

2013-01-01

342

Native Valve Endocarditis due to Enterococcus hirae Presenting as a Neurological Deficit.  

Science.gov (United States)

Enterococcus hirae is a rare isolate in clinical specimens. We describe a case of native aortic valve endocarditis in a 56-year-old man. This is the third reported case of endocarditis due to this organism, the first without recurrence of endocarditis and the first presenting as a neurological deficit. PMID:24109529

Anghinah, Renato; Watanabe, Rafael Gustavo Sato; Simabukuro, Mateus Mistieri; Guariglia, Carla; Pinto, Lécio Figueira; Gonçalves, Daniella Costa de Menezes E

2013-01-01

343

Infectious endocarditis caused by Nocardia sp.: histological morphology as a guide for the specific diagnosis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nocardia is a rare opportunistic agent, which may affect immunocompromised individuals causing lung infections and exceptionally infective endocarditis (IE. There are few reports of IE caused by Nocardia sp., usually involving biological prostheses but rarely in natural valves. Its accurate microbiological identification may be hampered by the similarity with Rhodococcus equi and Corynebacterium spp. Here we report a case of native mitral valve IE caused by this agent in which the clinical absence of response to vancomycin and the suggestion of Nocardia sp. by histology pointed to the misdiagnosis of Corynebacterium spp. in blood cultures. The histological morphology can advise on the need for expansion of cultivation time and use of extra microbiological procedures that lead to the differential diagnosis with Corynebacterium spp. and other agents, which is essential to establish timely specific treatment, especially in immunocompromised patients.

Jussara Bianchi Castelli

2011-08-01

344

Infectious endocarditis caused by Nocardia sp.: histological morphology as a guide for the specific diagnosis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Nocardia is a rare opportunistic agent, which may affect immunocompromised individuals causing lung infections and exceptionally infective endocarditis (IE). There are few reports of IE caused by Nocardia sp., usually involving biological prostheses but rarely in natural valves. Its accurate microbi [...] ological identification may be hampered by the similarity with Rhodococcus equi and Corynebacterium spp. Here we report a case of native mitral valve IE caused by this agent in which the clinical absence of response to vancomycin and the suggestion of Nocardia sp. by histology pointed to the misdiagnosis of Corynebacterium spp. in blood cultures. The histological morphology can advise on the need for expansion of cultivation time and use of extra microbiological procedures that lead to the differential diagnosis with Corynebacterium spp. and other agents, which is essential to establish timely specific treatment, especially in immunocompromised patients.

Jussara Bianchi, Castelli; Rinaldo Focaccia, Siciliano; Edson, Abdala; Vera Demarchi, Aiello.

2011-08-01

345

Infectious endocarditis caused by Nocardia sp.: histological morphology as a guide for the specific diagnosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nocardia is a rare opportunistic agent, which may affect immunocompromised individuals causing lung infections and exceptionally infective endocarditis (IE). There are few reports of IE caused by Nocardia sp., usually involving biological prostheses but rarely in natural valves. Its accurate microbiological identification may be hampered by the similarity with Rhodococcus equi and Corynebacterium spp. Here we report a case of native mitral valve IE caused by this agent in which the clinical absence of response to vancomycin and the suggestion of Nocardia sp. by histology pointed to the misdiagnosis of Corynebacterium spp. in blood cultures. The histological morphology can advise on the need for expansion of cultivation time and use of extra microbiological procedures that lead to the differential diagnosis with Corynebacterium spp. and other agents, which is essential to establish timely specific treatment, especially in immunocompromised patients. PMID:21861012

Castelli, Jussara Bianchi; Siciliano, Rinaldo Focaccia; Abdala, Edson; Aiello, Vera Demarchi

2011-01-01

346

Identification of clinically relevant viridans group streptococci by phenotypic and genotypic analysis  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Two phenotypic and three molecular methods were assessed for their ability to identify viridans group streptococci (VGS) to the species level. A panel of 23 clinical isolates, comprising strains isolated from infective endocarditis, blood cultures, pleural and peritoneal fluid, and 19 type/reference strains were analyzed. Identification was performed using two conventional phenotypic methods: API® rapid ID 32 Strep and the VITEK® 2 system, and genotypic analysis of the n...

Teles, C.; Smith, A.; Ramage, G.; Lang, S.

2010-01-01

347

Infections  

Science.gov (United States)

... it a Medical Emergency? Listeria Infections Lyme Disease MRSA Mad Cow Disease Measles Meningitis Middle Ear Infections ... Shock Syndrome Toxic Synovitis Tuberculosis Urinary Tract Infections Vaginal Yeast Infections Warts West Nile Virus What Is " ...

348

Pulmonary infections after kidney transplantation: analysis of CT findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To review the CT findings in patients with pulmonary infection after kidney transplantation and to determine the characteristic features in different infections. Methods: The medical records were reviewed in 446 patients with pulmonary infection after kidney transplantation and 121 patients who had pulmonary thin-section CT were included in this study. The pattern and distribution of the pulmonary abnormalities were interpreted independently by two thoracic radiologists. Statistical analysis was performed using the ?2 test and the Fisher's exact test. Results: (1) Time course: 65 (14.6%) patients initially had pulmonary infection in the first 30 days, 147 (32.9%) between 1 and 3 months, 91 (20.4%) between 3 and 6 months, 23 (5.2%) between 6 and 12 months, 120 (26.9%)after 12 months of transplantation. In the first month after procedure, bacterial infection (4/5,80.0%) was the most common infection, bacterial (34/41,82.9%), mixed (19/41,46.3%) and vires infections (11/41,26.8%) were seen commonly 1 to 6 months following transplant, the incidence of fungal (14/38, 36.8%) and mycobacterial (5/38,13.2%) infections was increased after 12 months of transplantation. (2)Pathogens: Bacterial (34,28%) and mixed infections (34,28%) were the most common, followed by fungus infection (9, 7%), TB(7,6%)and cytomegalovims (5,4%). (3)CT findings: Ground-glass attenuations (69,57.0%) was the most common findings of pneumonia, followed by reticular or linear opaciia, followed by reticular or linear opacities (68,56.2%), nodules (66,54.5%), pleural thickening (41,33.9%), consolidations (31,25.6%), tree-in-bud patterns (24, 19.8%), pleural effusion (22,18.2%), and bronchovascular bundle thickening (16,13.2%). Ground-glass attenuation was commonly seen in cytomegalovims pneumonia (4,80.0%), and nodule was commonly observed in bacterial infection (23,67.6%), tree-in-bud pattern was the most common finding in pulmonary tuberculosis(4, P=0.049). There were no statistically significant differences in the prevalence of other CT patterns (P>0.05). Conclusions: The peak incidence of pulmonary infection is in the 3 month after renal transplantation and bacterial infection is the most common. The CT diagnosis of infection can be made by combining the time course of infection, clinical laboratory data and lesion distribution. (authors)

349

Transcriptome analysis of resistant soybean roots infected by Meloidogyne javanica  

OpenAIRE

Soybean is an important crop for Brazilian agribusiness. However, many factors can limit its production, especially root-knot nematode infection. Studies on the mechanisms employed by the resistant soybean genotypes to prevent infection by these nematodes are of great interest for breeders. For these reasons, the aim of this work is to characterize the transcriptome of soybean line PI 595099-Meloidogyne javanica interaction through expression analysis. Two cDNA libraries were obtained using a...

Maria Eugênia Lisei de Sá; Marcus José Conceição Lopes; Magnólia de Araújo Campos; Luciano Vilela Paiva; Regina Maria Amorim dos Santos; Magda Aparecida Beneventi; Alexandre Augusto Pereira Firmino; Maria Fátima Grossi de Sá

2012-01-01

350

Timing for pacing after acquired conduction disease in the setting of endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 53-year-old gentleman with a history of a mechanical aortic valve presented to the emergency department complaining of a sudden right-sided abdominal pain. He was found to have atrioventricular dissociation on his initial electrocardiogram and his blood cultures grew Streptococcus viridans. The suspicion for endocarditis with periaortic abscess was high so a transthoracic echocardiogram was performed and showed a mass in the left ventricular outflow tract. For better visualization, a transesophageal echocardiogram was recommended and revealed a bileaflet mechanical aortic valve with perivalvular abscess and valvular vegetation as well as severe eccentric paravalvular aortic regurgitation. After sterilization, the patient underwent a successful surgery. Postoperatively, he remained in complete heart block and a permanent pacemaker placement was performed after complete sterilization. He tolerated the procedure well and was discharged home in a stable condition. Perivalvular abscess is one of the most common cardiac complications of infective endocarditis and is associated with an increased risk of mortality. It is imperative to have appropriate treatment guidelines established. However, because of the relative nature of the disease process and the acuity at which intervention needs to be done, a true assessment of the duration of antibiotic therapy prior to surgical intervention, timing of pacemaker placement, and the type of pacemaker is controversial. PMID:25628898

Brancheau, Daniel; Degheim, George; Machado, Christian

2015-01-01

351

Two cases of aspergillus endocarditis in non neutropenic children on chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Fungal endocarditis (FE is a rare complication in immunocompromised patients which is difficult to diagnose and has been characterized by excessive mortality (> 50% and morbidity, regardless of treatment. The lack of clinical trials due to the small number of cases contributes further to a poor outcome. In our two cases of aspergilllus endocarditis we reviewed the clinical features, echocardiographic findings, microbiologic data, treatment, and outcome of these 2 cases and provide a current characterization of the syndrome. In this paper we have demonstrated the diversity of presentation of a critical fungal infection in immunocompromised but non neutropenic paediatric patients. The prompt diagnosis and initiation of treatment is crucial for a favourable outcome along with the use of double antifungal treatment with liposomal amphotericin and voriconazole initially which could be later switched to oral voriconazole with a good tissue penetration. Histological samples as well as radiological evidence and echocardiograms should be reviewed by experienced clinicians in order to aid diagnosis and promptly initiate treatment for these patients in order to achieve a favourable outcome

Mark Velangi

2011-01-01

352

Response of swine spleen to Streptococcus suis infection revealed by transcription analysis  

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Full Text Available Astract Background Streptococcus suis serotype 2 (SS2, a major swine pathogen and an emerging zoonotic agent, has greatly challenged global public health. Systematical information about host immune response to the infection is important for understanding the molecular mechanism of diseases. Results 104 and 129 unique genes were significantly up-regulated and down-regulated in the spleens of pigs infected with SS2 (WT. The up-regulated genes were principally related to immune response, such as genes involved in inflammatory response; acute-phase/immune response; cell adhesion and response to stress. The down-regulated genes were mainly involved in transcription, transport, material and energy metabolism which were representative of the reduced vital activity of SS2-influenced cells. Only a few genes showed significantly differential expression when comparing avirulent isogenic strain (?HP0197 with mock-infected samples. Conclusions Our findings indicated that highly pathogenic SS2 could persistently induce cytokines mainly by Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2 pathway, and the phagocytosis-resistant bacteria could induce high level of cytokines and secrete toxins to destroy deep tissues, and cause meningitis, septicaemia, pneumonia, endocarditis, and arthritis.

Wang Ya

2010-10-01

353

Endocarditis por Brucella abortus: Reporte del primer caso en C.R / Brucella abortus Endocarditis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Paciente masculino de 36 años de edad, proveniente de la zona rural de Costa Rica, con un cuadro clínico de 8 meses de evolución de fiebre, mialgias, artralgias, pérdida de peso y lumbalgia; referido por la detección de un soplo de insuficiencia aórtica. El ecocardiograma reveló endocarditis de la v [...] álvula aórtica, y se obtuvieron 4 hemocultivos positivos por Brucella abortus biotipo 3, con serologías negativas por brucelosis. Se inició tratamiento con antibióticos y luego se le realizó un reemplazo valvular aórtico; 4 meses después ingresó con dolor torácico que se atribuyó a una oclusión de la arteria descendente anterior, demostrada angiográficamente, por posible embolismo. En la actualidad cursa clínicamente estable con manejo médico para su cardiopatía, sin recaída infecciosa. Abstract in english The case of a 36-year-old patient from a rural area is presented. He came with an 8 month history of fever, myalgias, arthralgias, weight loss and lower back pain; who also had an aortic insufficiency murmur detected. The diagnosis of aortic valve endocarditis was made by echocardiography, and had 4 [...] positive blood cultures for Brucella abortus biotype 3, and negative serologic test for brucellosis. He was started on antibiotics and later on underwent aortic valve replacement, with a late coronary cardioembolism as a complication.

Manuel Antonio, Villalobos-Zúñiga; Edith, Barrantes-Valverde; Patricia, Monge-Ortega.

2011-09-01

354

Endocarditis por Brucella abortus: Reporte del primer caso en C.R Brucella abortus Endocarditis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Paciente masculino de 36 años de edad, proveniente de la zona rural de Costa Rica, con un cuadro clínico de 8 meses de evolución de fiebre, mialgias, artralgias, pérdida de peso y lumbalgia; referido por la detección de un soplo de insuficiencia aórtica. El ecocardiograma reveló endocarditis de la válvula aórtica, y se obtuvieron 4 hemocultivos positivos por Brucella abortus biotipo 3, con serologías negativas por brucelosis. Se inició tratamiento con antibióticos y luego se le realizó un reemplazo valvular aórtico; 4 meses después ingresó con dolor torácico que se atribuyó a una oclusión de la arteria descendente anterior, demostrada angiográficamente, por posible embolismo. En la actualidad cursa clínicamente estable con manejo médico para su cardiopatía, sin recaída infecciosa.The case of a 36-year-old patient from a rural area is presented. He came with an 8 month history of fever, myalgias, arthralgias, weight loss and lower back pain; who also had an aortic insufficiency murmur detected. The diagnosis of aortic valve endocarditis was made by echocardiography, and had 4 positive blood cultures for Brucella abortus biotype 3, and negative serologic test for brucellosis. He was started on antibiotics and later on underwent aortic valve replacement, with a late coronary cardioembolism as a complication.

Manuel Antonio Villalobos-Zúñiga

2011-09-01

355

Infected breast milk associated with late-onset and recurrent group B streptococcal infection in neonatal twins: a genetic analysis  

OpenAIRE

Asymptomatic excretion of group B streptococcus (GBS) in breast milk may be an underrecognized cause of neonatal and recurrent infection. We report the case of late-onset and recurrent infection in newborn twins resulting from ingestion of maternal breast milk infected with GBS. Genetic analysis of isolates is equally presented.

Gagneur, Arnaud; He?ry-arnaud, Genevie?ve; Croly-labourdette, Se?verine; Gremmo-feger, Gise?le; Vallet, Sophie; Sizun, Jacques; Quentin, Roland; Tande?, Didier

2009-01-01

356

Pilot Study of Ampicillin-Ceftriaxone Combination for Treatment of Orthopedic Infections Due to Enterococcus faecalis?  

OpenAIRE

Serious Enterococcus faecalis infections usually require combination therapy to achieve a bactericidal effect. In orthopedic infections, the prognosis of enterococcal etiology is considered poor, and the use of aminoglycosides is questioned. The ampicillin-ceftriaxone combination has recently been accepted as alternative therapy for enterococcal endocarditis. After one of our patients with endocarditis and vertebral osteomyelitis was cured with ampicillin-ceftriaxone, we started a pilot study...

Euba, G.; Lora-tamayo, J.; Murillo, O.; Pedrero, S.; Cabo, J.; Verdaguer, R.; Ariza, J.

2009-01-01

357

Streptococcus pyogenes aortic aneurysm infection: forgotten but not gone  

OpenAIRE

Historically, Streptococcus pyogenes was a common cause of endocarditis and infected aortic aneurysm. Today, endovascular infections due to this organism have become exceedingly rare. We report the first case of aortic aneurysm infection due to S. pyogenes treated with initial endoluminal repair, review previous reports and discuss current treatment options.

Korman, Tony M.; Timothy Buckenham; Ming Yii; Gardiner, Bradley J.; Joy Wong

2013-01-01

358

Endocarditis Caused by Culture-Negative Organisms Visible by Brown and Brenn Staining: Utility of PCR and DNA Sequencing for Diagnosis  

OpenAIRE

Two cases of culture-negative endocarditis with cocci seen in valve vegetations are presented. The organisms were identified by molecular analysis using broad-range PCR primers complementary to the 16S rRNA gene, sequencing, and database search using BLAST software. The results and utility of this method are discussed.

Wilck, Marissa B.; Wu, Yanyun; Howe, John G.; Crouch, Jill Y.; Edberg, Stephen C.

2001-01-01

359

Fungal Pulmonary Valve Endocarditis Masquerading as a Pulmonary Embolism  

Science.gov (United States)

Septic pulmonary emboli (SPE) can be a difficult clinical entity to distinguish from thromboembolic pulmonary embolism (TPE) in a patient with history of IV drug abuse (IVDA). We present a case of a patient who presented with failure to thrive and presumed diagnosis of recurrent PE that ultimately was discovered to have fungal pulmonary valve endocarditis resulting in a right ventricular outflow obstruction. This required replacement of the pulmonary valve and repair of the right ventricular outflow tract. This case highlights difficulty in differentiating pulmonary valve endocarditis with septic emboli from chronic PE in a patient with a complex medical history. PMID:25785222

Ricci, Kevin B.; Lee, Peter H. U.; Essandoh, Michael

2015-01-01

360

Infective Endocarditis and Phlebotomies May Have Killed Mozart  

OpenAIRE

Thirty-five year-old Amadeus Mozart died in Vienna after an acute illness that lasted only 15 days but no consensus has been reached on the cause of his death. From many letters written by his farther it is almost certain that he experienced at least three episodes of acute rheumatic fever attack in his childhood, and a relapse of rheumatic fever was suggested to have killed Mozart, although death from acute rheumatic fever is very rare in adults. His last illness was characterized by high fe...

Lee, Simon Jong-koo

2010-01-01

361

Salmonella typhi infection: a rare cause of endocarditis.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 21 years old male with a history of mitral valve repair for mitral regurgitation is discussed. He was presented with a history of fever and loose motions for one month and shortness of breath for 03 days. Chest radiograph and ECG was within normal limits. Total leukocyte count was elevated and antibodies to salmonella typhi were positive. Blood culture revealed Salmonella typhi growth. Echocardiography revealed small echogenic masses on mitral valve. He responded to treatment with ceftriaxone given for 4 weeks. This is a rare case where Somonella typhi was isolated from blood of a patient with echocardiographic evidence of documented mitral valve disease and endcarditis. PMID:21914415

Khan, Javaid Arif; Ali, Basharat; Masood, Tariq; Ahmed, Faisal; Sial, Jawaid A; Balooch, Zafer Haleem

2011-09-01

362

Acute pericarditis as presenting symptom of staphylococcal endocarditis: Mitral valve involvement with fistulous tract from LV to LA and subsequent pseudoaneurysm development  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Acute pericarditis is an unusual presentation of bacterial endocarditis [1]. It is most commonly associated with staphylococcal aureus infection and more likely to occur in young males in association with the risk factors of alcohol or substance abuse or diabetes. Tamponade is a common presenting feature and the aortic valve is the most commonly involved valve. This condition carries a very high mortality whether treated with antibiotics alone or in combination with surgery.

Eric McWilliams

2013-01-01

363

Acute pericarditis as presenting symptom of staphylococcal endocarditis: Mitral valve involvement with fistulous tract from LV to LA and subsequent pseudoaneurysm development  

OpenAIRE

Acute pericarditis is an unusual presentation of bacterial endocarditis [1]. It is most commonly associated with staphylococcal aureus infection and more likely to occur in young males in association with the risk factors of alcohol or substance abuse or diabetes. Tamponade is a common presenting feature and the aortic valve is the most commonly involved valve. This condition carries a very high mortality whether treated with antibiotics alone or in combination with surgery.

Eric McWilliams; Smriti Saraf; Katarzyna Dickinson

2013-01-01

364

Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis associated with cancer of unknown origin complicated with thrombus in the left auricular appendage: case report  

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Full Text Available Abstract A 63-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a complaint of right lateroabdominal pain. He was diagnosed with metastatic colon cancer, and then developed multiple brain embolic infarctions 7 days after admission. Transesophageal echocardiography showed that mobile, echo-dense masses were attached to the anterior and posterior mitral valve leaflet. Furthermore, there was a thrombus in the left auricular appendage despite sinus rhythm. These findings led to a diagnosis of suspected infectious endocarditis with subsequent multiple brain infarctions. The patient's general condition worsened and he died 13 days after admission. An autopsy was performed, and, while poorly differentiated cancer was observed in multiple organs, no primary tumor could be identified. Histological analysis showed that the masses of the mitral valve consisted mainly of fibrin without bacteria or oncocytes. This patient was therefore diagnosed with nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis associated with cancer of unknown origin complicated with thrombus in the left auricular appendage.

Morinaga Yukiko

2011-02-01

365

Bacterial infection and Alzheimer's disease: a meta-analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The possibility of an infectious etiology for Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been repeatedly postulated over the past three decades. We provide the first meta-analysis to address the relationship between bacterial infection and AD. Studies examining the association between AD and spirochetal bacteria or Chlamydophila pneumoniae (Cpn) were identified through a systematic search of the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and Google Scholar. Data combined from 25 relevant, primarily case-control studies demonstrated a statistically significant association between AD and detectable evidence of infection of either bacterial group. We found over a ten-fold increased occurrence of AD when there is detectable evidence of spirochetal infection (OR: 10.61; 95% CI: 3.38-33.29) and over a four-fold increased occurrence of AD in a conservative risk estimate (OR: 4.45; 95% CI: 2.33-8.52). We found over a five-fold increased occurrence of AD with Cpn infection (OR: 5.66; 95% CI: 1.83-17.51). This study shows a strongly positive association between bacterial infection and AD. Further detailed investigation of the role of bacterial infection is warranted. PMID:25182736

Maheshwari, Priya; Eslick, Guy D

2015-01-01

366

Phylogenomic and MALDI-TOF MS Analysis of Streptococcus sinensis HKU4T Reveals a Distinct Phylogenetic Clade in the Genus Streptococcus  

OpenAIRE

Streptococcus sinensis is a recently discovered human pathogen isolated from blood cultures of patients with infective endocarditis. Its phylogenetic position, as well as those of its closely related species, remains inconclusive when single genes were used for phylogenetic analysis. For example, S. sinensis branched out from members of the anginosus, mitis, and sanguinis groups in the 16S ribosomal RNA gene phylogenetic tree, but it was clustered with members of the anginosus and sanguinis g...

Teng, Jade L. L.; Huang, Yi; Tse, Herman; Chen, Jonathan H. K.; Tang, Ying; Lau, Susanna K. P.; Woo, Patrick C. Y.

2014-01-01

367

In Vivo Synergism of Ceftobiprole and Vancomycin against Experimental Endocarditis Due to Vancomycin-Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus?  

OpenAIRE

The efficacy of ceftobiprole combined with vancomycin was tested against two vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) strains, PC3 and Mu50, in rats with experimental endocarditis. Animals with infected aortic vegetations were treated for 3 days with doses simulating the kinetics after intravenous administration in humans of (i) the standard dose of ceftobiprole of 500 mg every 12 h (b.i.d.) (SD-ceftobiprole), (ii) a low dose of ceftobiprole of 250 mg b.i.d. (LD-ceftobiprole), (ii...

Entenza, J. M.; Veloso, T. R.; Vouillamoz, J.; Giddey, M.; Majcherczyk, P.; Moreillon, P.

2011-01-01

368

Endocarditis fatal con localización mitral producida por Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae / Fatal mitral valve endocarditis by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Se describe un caso fatal de endocarditis en válvula mitral por Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, en un paciente varón de 45 años con antecedentes de etilismo crónico y sin contacto previo con animales. Presentaba un síndrome febril prolongado con poliartralgias, pérdida de peso y dolor en región lumbar [...] y miembros inferiores. Los hemocultivos (2/2) fueron positivos a las 48 hs. de incubación y en el examen directo se observaron bacilos gram-positivos pleomórficos. En el subcultivo en agar sangre ovina al 5% desarrollaron colonias puntiformes con alfa hemólisis, catalasa y oxidasa negativas, PYR y LAP positivas y con producción de H2S en medio TSI. La cepa aislada fue identificada como E. rhusiopathiae de acuerdo a la metodología convencional y confirmada con API Coryne. El cuadro se asumió como una probable endocarditis demostrada mediante un ecocardiograma transtorácico. Se comenzó el tratamiento endovenoso con ampicilina y gentamicina. El paciente evolucionó favorablemente y se tornó afebril, sin embargo falleció a los 19 días de internación por edema agudo de pulmón. La prueba de sensibilidad por E-test demostró resistencia a vancomicina y gentamicina y sensibilidad a penicilina y cefotaxima. Es importante valorar los aislamientos de bacilos gram-positivos pleomórficos, catalasa y oxidasa negativos y realizar la prueba de producción de SH2 en el medio TSI. La resistencia a vancomicina ayuda a la identificación y permite establecer una correcta terapia antimicrobiana. Si bien se considera que las infecciones por E. rhusiopathiae son de carácter ocupacional, el contacto con cerdos u otros animales puede no ser evidente. Abstract in english A fatal case of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae mitral valve endocarditis is described in a 45 years old male, with a history of chronic alcohol abuse and without animals contact. He presented intermittent fever, polyarthralgia, weight loss, and low back pain. In blood cultures (2 bottles), gram-positi [...] ve pleomorphic rods grew after 48 hours of incubation. The subculture on blood agar media showed a small, alpha-hemolytic colony, catalase and oxidase negative, PYR and LAP positive and the production of H2S in triple sugar iron agar, was demonstrated. The isolate was initially identified as E. rhusiopathiae, and confirmed by API Coryne (BioMérieux). On the basis of these findings and a transthoracic echocardiogram, an endocarditis was confirmed. Intravenous ampicillin and gentamicin treatment was initiated. The patient became afever, nevertheless he died on day 19 after admission as a consequence of acute pulmonary edema. Susceptibility testing by E-test showed that the microorganism was resistant to vancomycin and gentamicin, and susceptible to penicillin and cefotaxime. We emphasize the importance to consider the isolates of gram-positive pleomorphic rods, catalase and oxidase negative, and the addition of H2S production test in TSI medium. Vancomycin-resistance helps in the identification, and to establish the correct antimicrobial therapy. Although E. rhusiopathiae is usually reported as an occupational pathogen, the contact with pigs and other farm animals may be underestimated.

G.V., Vallespi; D.A., Pipet; S.A., Mattoni; H.A., Lopardo.

2005-06-01

369

Endocarditis fatal con localización mitral producida por Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Fatal mitral valve endocarditis by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se describe un caso fatal de endocarditis en válvula mitral por Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, en un paciente varón de 45 años con antecedentes de etilismo crónico y sin contacto previo con animales. Presentaba un síndrome febril prolongado con poliartralgias, pérdida de peso y dolor en región lumbar y miembros inferiores. Los hemocultivos (2/2 fueron positivos a las 48 hs. de incubación y en el examen directo se observaron bacilos gram-positivos pleomórficos. En el subcultivo en agar sangre ovina al 5% desarrollaron colonias puntiformes con alfa hemólisis, catalasa y oxidasa negativas, PYR y LAP positivas y con producción de H2S en medio TSI. La cepa aislada fue identificada como E. rhusiopathiae de acuerdo a la metodología convencional y confirmada con API Coryne. El cuadro se asumió como una probable endocarditis demostrada mediante un ecocardiograma transtorácico. Se comenzó el tratamiento endovenoso con ampicilina y gentamicina. El paciente evolucionó favorablemente y se tornó afebril, sin embargo falleció a los 19 días de internación por edema agudo de pulmón. La prueba de sensibilidad por E-test demostró resistencia a vancomicina y gentamicina y sensibilidad a penicilina y cefotaxima. Es importante valorar los aislamientos de bacilos gram-positivos pleomórficos, catalasa y oxidasa negativos y realizar la prueba de producción de SH2 en el medio TSI. La resistencia a vancomicina ayuda a la identificación y permite establecer una correcta terapia antimicrobiana. Si bien se considera que las infecciones por E. rhusiopathiae son de carácter ocupacional, el contacto con cerdos u otros animales puede no ser evidente.A fatal case of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae mitral valve endocarditis is described in a 45 years old male, with a history of chronic alcohol abuse and without animals contact. He presented intermittent fever, polyarthralgia, weight loss, and low back pain. In blood cultures (2 bottles, gram-positive pleomorphic rods grew after 48 hours of incubation. The subculture on blood agar media showed a small, alpha-hemolytic colony, catalase and oxidase negative, PYR and LAP positive and the production of H2S in triple sugar iron agar, was demonstrated. The isolate was initially identified as E. rhusiopathiae, and confirmed by API Coryne (BioMérieux. On the basis of these findings and a transthoracic echocardiogram, an endocarditis was confirmed. Intravenous ampicillin and gentamicin treatment was initiated. The patient became afever, nevertheless he died on day 19 after admission as a consequence of acute pulmonary edema. Susceptibility testing by E-test showed that the microorganism was resistant to vancomycin and gentamicin, and susceptible to penicillin and cefotaxime. We emphasize the importance to consider the isolates of gram-positive pleomorphic rods, catalase and oxidase negative, and the addition of H2S production test in TSI medium. Vancomycin-resistance helps in the identification, and to establish the correct antimicrobial therapy. Although E. rhusiopathiae is usually reported as an occupational pathogen, the contact with pigs and other farm animals may be underestimated.

G.V. Vallespi

2005-06-01

370

Gallium67 scintigraphy in fibrinous pericarditis associated with bacterial endocarditis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An 80-year-old man presented with pyrexia, progressive cardiac failure and inflammation. A diagnosis of pericarditisd associated with bacterial endocarditis was suggested from Gallium 67 scintigraphy and confirmed at autpsy. This case of fibrinous pericarditis without effusion could not be diagnosed by echography or routine cardiopulmonary scintigraphy. (orig.)

371

Evolución y letalidad por endocarditis infecciosa en pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo / Infectious endocarditis evolution and lethality in patients attended at Dos de Mayo National Hospital  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Evaluar la evolución y letalidad de los pacientes portadores de endocarditis infecciosa, así como la presencia de complicaciones y la influencia de estas sobre la mortalidad. Diseño: Estudio longitudinal no concurrente. Lugar: Servicio de cardiología del Hospital 2 de Mayo, hospital univer [...] sitario. Pacientes: Pacientes con diagnóstico de endocarditis infecciosa. Intervenciones: Se revisó las historias clínicas de los pacientes con diagnóstico de endocarditis infecciosa atendidos entre junio de 1999 y junio de 2005. Se evaluó los criterios clínicos, de laboratorio y ecocardiográficos (criterios de Duke) empleados en el diagnóstico. Para el análisis estadístico, se realizó el análisis descriptivo y comparativo con el empleo de las pruebas de Fisher y t de Student y la comparación de las curvas de Kaplan Meier, para evaluar la supervivencia a través de la prueba de rango logarítmico. Principales medidas de resultados: Evaluación de supervivencia: Complicaciones y mortalidad en pacientes en endocarditis infecciosa. Resultados: Se estudió 75 pacientes, la edad promedio fue 42,1±20,4 años, 66,7% del sexo masculino. El 93,3% tenía cardiopatía de base. La presentación clínica incluyó insuficiencia cardiaca congestiva (73,3%), encefalopatía (17,3%) y fenómenos embólicos (50,6%). Se evaluó la evolución de los parámetros de laboratorio, evidenciándose deterioro de la función renal. El ecocardiograma evidenció presencia de vegetaciones en 97,3% y complicaciones, como rotura valvar (8%), abscesos valvares (4%). Durante la evolución, se sometió a cirugía a 14,7%. La letalidad general fue 14,7%, la cual estuvo influenciada por el número de complicaciones, en particular las complicaciones sépticas y renales, que impactaron de igual manera en la probabilidad de supervivencia de estos pacientes. Conclusiones: Se registró una letalidad general de 14,7%. La probabilidad de supervivencia se vio afectada significativamente por el número de complicaciones presentes, entre ellas significativamente las complicaciones sépticas y renales. Abstract in english Objective: To evaluate infectious endocarditis evolution and lethality as well as complications and their influence on mortality. Design: Non-concurrent longitudinal study. Setting: Dos de Mayo Hospital Cardiology service, a teaching hospital. Patients: Patients with infectious endocarditis. Interve [...] ntions: Clinical charts, laboratory and echocardiographic (Dukes criteria) studies of patients with infectious endocarditis attended between June 1999 and June 2005 were reviewed. Fisher and Sudent t tests were used for statistical analysis and Kaplan Meier curves comparison and logarithmic range test to evaluate survival. Main outcome measures: Infectious endocarditis complications and mortality. Results: Seventy-five patients were studied, mean age 42,1±20,4 years, 66,7% males; 93,3% presented cardiopathy. Clinical presentation included heart failure (73,3%), encephalopathy (17,3%), and embolic phenomena (50,6%). Laboratory evolution showed worsening renal function. Echocardiography demonstrated presence of vegetations in 97,3% and complications like valve breakage (8%), valve abscesses (4%); 14,7% of patients had surgery. Mortality was 14,7%, caused by renal and septic complications affecting patients' survival. Conclusions: Mortality in this group was 14,7%. Survival was affected by the number of complications, mainly renal and septic complications.

Evelyn, Sánchez; César, Gutiérrez.

2006-06-01

372

The Effect of Clostridium difficile Infection on Cardiac Surgery Outcomes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Background: Clostridium difficile (CD) is a common cause of healthcare-associated infectious colitis that complicates about 1% of all hospital stays in the U.S. The impact of CD on outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and valvular surgery (VS) is not well known. Methods: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2002-2009) was queried to identify CABG and VS patients utilizing International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) diagnosis codes. Rates of CD, post-operative endocarditis and mediastinitis, hospital mortality rate, and resource utilization were evaluated. Results: We identified 421,294 and 90,923 patients of age 40 yrs and older who underwent CABG and VS, respectively. The CD infection was more likely to develop in patients undergoing VS than in those having CABG (odds ratio [OR] 1.8; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.64-1.92) and was more likely after urgent or emergency admission than after elective admission (OR 1.8; 95% CI 1.68-1.94). There was a greater likelihood of mediastinitis in patients with CD after CABG than in non-complicated cases without CD, both by univariable (OR 6.0; 95% CI 3.07-11.62) and multivariable analysis with adjustment for patient age, gender, race, type of admission, and co-morbidities (OR 3.1; 95% CI 1.49-6.51). The infection thus was most likely a result of the antibiotics used to treat mediastinitis, as the patients treated for mediastinitis were most likely to develop CD. There was a significant association in patients with CD and endocarditis who underwent VS but not in patients who did not have CD. The CD infection in these patients thus was most likely a result of the antibiotics used to treat endocarditis. Endocarditis and CD developed 3.2 times (95% CI 2.65-3.97) as often as in patients without CD, a finding that was confirmed by multivariable analysis (OR 2.2; 95% CI 1.70-2.84). At the same time, in patients having VS, there was no significant association of CD and mediastinitis. Clostridium difficile infection affected the hospital mortality rate significantly after both CABG (OR 2.0; 95% CI 1.65-2.35) and VS (OR 1.9; 95% CI 1.51-2.39). Development of CD increased median hospital length of stay and cost dramatically after both CABG (from 7 d to 19 d and from $33,105 to $65,535, respectively; p<0.0001 for both) and VS (from 8 d to 24 d and from $41,876 to $95,699, respectively; p<0.0001 for both). Conclusions: The development of CD worsened significantly the outcomes of adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery. There was a greater risk of CD in patients with either mediastinitis or endocarditis. The infection was associated with a higher hospital mortality rate, longer hospital stays, and greater cost after both CABG and VS. PMID:25402213

Lemaire, Anthony; Dombrovskiy, Viktor; Batsides, George; Scholz, Peter; Solina, Al; Brownstone, Nicholas; Spotnitz, Alan; Lee, Leonard Y

2014-11-17

373

Successful Medical Treatment of Prosthetic Mitral Valve Endocarditis Caused by Brucella abortus  

OpenAIRE

Although Brucella endocarditis is a rare complication of human brucellosis, it is the main cause of the mortality in this disease. Traditionally, the therapeutic approach to endocarditis caused by Brucella species requires a combination of antimicrobial therapy and valve replacement surgery. In the literature, only a few cases of mitral prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Brucella species have been successfully treated without reoperation. We present a case of a 42-year-old man with a pro...

Lee, Seung-ah; Kim, Kyung-hee; Shin, Hyo-sun; Lee, Hee-sun; Choi, Hong-mi; Kim, Hyung-kwan

2014-01-01

374

Penicillin-sensitive Moraxella prosthetic endocarditis. Near disaster caused by failure to treat with penicillin.  

OpenAIRE

A patient with late prosthetic endocarditis resulting from Moraxella non-liquefaciens is reported. Correct laboratory indentification is of therapeutic importance as Moraxella is often highly sensitive to penicillin. Because of suspected penicillin sensitivity, antibiotics other than penicillin were used, but failed to control the endocarditis. Prompt response occurred when penicillin was given. Penicillin remains by far the most effective antibiotic for the treatment of endocarditis, particu...

Chen, W.; Lee, P. K.; Chau, P. Y.

1982-01-01

375

Purulent Meningitis as an Unusual Presentation of Staphylococcus aureus Endocarditis: A Case Report and Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

On presentation of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis, unusual manifestations may represent the main clinical features of the disease. Isolated bacterial meningitis as the first manifestation of endocarditis is considered to be an unusual neurological complication. Here, we describe a case S. aureus endocarditis presenting as isolated meningitis and mimicking meningococcal septicaemia. Because of the high mortality rate of the disease, the prompt recognition of this infectious syndrome is of ...

Vincenzo Vullo; Amp Ettorre, Gabriella D.; Giancarlo Ceccarelli

2011-01-01

376

In vivo synergism of ceftobiprole and vancomycin against experimental endocarditis due to vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus.  

Science.gov (United States)

The efficacy of ceftobiprole combined with vancomycin was tested against two vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) strains, PC3 and Mu50, in rats with experimental endocarditis. Animals with infected aortic vegetations were treated for 3 days with doses simulating the kinetics after intravenous administration in humans of (i) the standard dose of ceftobiprole of 500 mg every 12 h (b.i.d.) (SD-ceftobiprole), (ii) a low dose of ceftobiprole of 250 mg b.i.d. (LD-ceftobiprole), (iii) a very low dose of ceftobiprole of 125 mg b.i.d. (VLD-ceftobiprole), (iv) SD-vancomycin of 1 g b.i.d., or (v) LD- or VLD-ceftobiprole combined with SD-vancomycin. Low dosages of ceftobiprole were purposely used to highlight positive drug interactions. Treatment with SD-ceftobiprole sterilized 12 of 14 (86%) and 10 of 13 (77%) vegetations infected with PC3 and Mu50, respectively (P ceftobiprole sterilized 10 of 11 (91%) vegetations infected with PC3 (P 0.05 versus controls). VLD-ceftobiprole and SD-vancomycin alone were ineffective against both strains (?8% sterile vegetations). In contrast, the combination of VLD-ceftobiprole and SD-vancomycin sterilized 7 of 9 (78%) and 6 of 14 (43%) vegetations infected with PC3 and Mu50, respectively, and the combination of LD-ceftobiprole and SD-vancomycin sterilized 5 of 6 (83%) vegetations infected with Mu50 (P ceftobiprole monotherapy simulating standard therapeutic doses was active against VISA experimental endocarditis. Moreover, subtherapeutic LD- and VLD-ceftobiprole synergized with ineffective vancomycin to restore efficacy. Hence, combining ceftobiprole with vancomycin broadens the therapeutic margin of these two compounds against VISA infections. PMID:21730114

Entenza, J M; Veloso, T R; Vouillamoz, J; Giddey, M; Majcherczyk, P; Moreillon, P

2011-09-01

377

Bacteriocins as tools in analysis of nosocomial Klebsiella pneumoniae infections.  

OpenAIRE

Epidemiological analysis of isolates from nosocomial infections caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae was improved by the use of bacteriocins in addition to capsular serotyping. Screening for bacteriocins produced by 77 reference strains for capsular serotyping identified 39 strains, and 8 of these strains were selected as a typing set. Using this set, we found that 241 to 259 (91%) nonepidemic clinical isolates of K. pneumoniae were inhibited by one or more of the eight producers. Of the most freq...

Bauernfeind, A.; Petermu?ller, C.; Schneider, R.

1981-01-01

378

Successful treatment of Candida parapsilosis mural endocarditis with combined caspofungin and voriconazole  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Fungal mural endocarditis is a rare entity in which the antemortem diagnosis is seldom made. Seven cases of mural endocarditis caused by Candida spp. have been collected from literature and six of these patients died after treatment with amphotericin B. Case presentation We report a case of mural endocarditis diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiogram and positive blood cultures to Candida parapsilosis. Because blood cultures continued to yield C. parapsilosis despite caspofungin monotherapy, treatment with voriconazole was added. Conclusion This is the first description of successful treatment of C. parapsilosis mural endocarditis with caspofungin and voriconazole.

de Juan-Romero Miguel

2006-04-01

379

Pulmonary valve endocarditis associated to a septal interventricular defect and infundibular and pulmonary valve Stenosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ventricular septal defects generate 10% of all adult congenital cardiopathies. 4% to 8% of patients to whom the defect has not been corrected are in risk of developing endocarditis. Pulmonary valve endocarditis is a rare event (1.5% to 2% of all endocarditis cases) and its mean etiology is intravenous drug abuse. The most frequently isolated microorganism in these cases is staphylococcus aurous. We report a case of pulmonary valve endocarditis associated with ventricular septal defect and valvular and infundibular pulmonary stenosis caused by streptococcus sp. in a patient without past medical history of drug abuse, alcoholism or previous invasive procedures

380

Streptococcus bovis group and biliary tract infections: an analysis of 51 cases.  

Science.gov (United States)

Streptococcus bovis is a well-known cause of endocarditis, but its role in other infections has not been well described. We analysed prospectively all patients with biliary tract infections caused by S. bovis group during the period 1988-2011. We selected those cases associated with cholangitis and cholecystitis, defined according to Tokyo guidelines. Identification of the strains was performed using the API 20 Strep and the GP card of the Vitek 2 system, and was confirmed by molecular methods. Our series included 51 cases (30 cholangitis and 21 cholecystitis). The associated microorganisms were: Streptococcus infantarius (biotype II/1) 29 cases (57%), Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus (biotype II/2) 20 cases (39%) and Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus (biotype I) two cases (4%). The only difference found between S. infantarius and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus was a greater association of the first with malignant strictures of the bile ducts: 48% (14/29) versus 5% (1/20), p <0.001. Thirty-seven of the cases also had bacteraemia, causing 20% (37/185) of all S. bovis bacteraemia, with differences between S. gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus (2/112; 2%) and the other two microorganisms: S. infantarius and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus (35/73; 48%; p <0.001). The vast majority of biliary tract infections due to S. bovis group are caused by S. infantarius and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus (S. bovis biotype II), and nearly half of the bacteraemia due to these two species has a biliary source (43% of the S. infantarius and 56% of S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus). PMID:24033711

Corredoira, J; Alonso, M P; García-Garrote, F; García-Pais, M J; Coira, A; Rabuñal, R; Gonzalez-Ramirez, A; Pita, J; Matesanz, M; Velasco, D; López-Álvarez, M J; Varela, J

2014-05-01

381

In Vivo Effect of Flucloxacillin in Experimental Endocarditis Caused by mecC-positive Staphylococcus aureus Showing Temperature-Dependent Susceptibility In Vitro.  

Science.gov (United States)

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carrying the mecC gene (mecC-MRSA) exhibited at 37°C MICs of oxacillin close to those of methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA). We investigated whether at this temperature, mecC-MRSA strains respond to flucloxacillin treatment like MSSA strains, using a rat model of endocarditis. Flucloxacillin (human-like kinetics of 2 g intravenously every 6 h) cured 80 to 100% of aortic vegetations infected with five different mecC-MRSA strains. These results suggest that mecC-MRSA infections may successfully respond to treatment with ?-lactams. PMID:25605361

Mancini, Stefano; Laurent, Frédéric; Veloso, Tiago R; Giddey, Marlyse; Vouillamoz, Jacques; Vandenesch, François; Moreillon, Philippe; Entenza, José M

2015-04-01

382

Dysgonic fermenter 2 infection resulting in chronic glomerulonephritis  

OpenAIRE

Dysgonic fermenter 2 (DF-2) is a fastidious gram-negative pathogen that is capable of causing multiorgan disease in humans. In the case reported here infection resulted in subacute bacterial endocarditis, brain abscess and chronic type 1 membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, a form of renal disease not previously reported in DF-2 infections. The literature is reviewed, and difficulties in diagnosis and treatment are discussed.

Archer, Stephen L.

1985-01-01

383

An investigation on the level of dental senior students knowledge about endocarditis prophylaxis incases with cardiac disease receiving dental treatment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Dental practices such as oral, periodontal and endodontic surgeries cause damages to"nthe intraoral tissues, so having knowledge of the dental procedures that necessiciate endocarditis prophylaxis"nis of high importance."nPurpose: The aim of the present study was to determine the knowledge level of dental senior students in"nTehran dental faculties about endocarditis,"nMaterials and Methods: In this cross- sectional descriptive- analytic study, 253 senior students of four"ndentistry faculties in Tehran took part as follows: Tehran University: 71 students (M:42, F:29, Shahid"nBeheshti University: 74 students (M:40, F:34, Shahed University: 35 students (M:35, F:38, Azad University:"n73 students (M:35, F:38. The questionnaire used in this research consisted of three parts as follows: part one:"ninformation on cardiac diseases, part two: dental procedures requiring endocarditis prophylaxis, part three:"nantibiotic diet in endocarditis prophylaxis. Sex and place of education of the students were also studied in"ndetail. For statistical analysis, Chi-square test was used."nResults: On the basis of the sex, the correct answers of the female respondents of different universities were"nranked as: Azad University: 72.5%, Tehran University: 71.1%, Shahid Beheshti: 57%, ShahedUniversity:"n55.7%. In the same way, the male respondents were reported as: Tehran Universitys: 71.6%, Azad University:"n66.2%, Shahed University: 57.3%, Shahid Behesti University: 52.1%, On the basis of the place of education,"nthe following results were reported: Tehran University students managed to answer 71.3% , Azad University,"nShahed University and Shahid Beheshti University students could answer 69.5%, 56.5% and 54.6%,"nrespectively. All these differences were statistically significant, indicating that first ranked students have more"ninformation than the students of other schools."nConclusion: It is recommended to develop more practical training programme in dental schools on cardiac"ndiseases, dental procedures requiring endocarditis prophylaxis and antibiotic diets.

Fakhraee AH

2004-02-01

384

Global analysis of viral infection in an archaeal model system  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The origin and evolutionary relationship of viruses is poorly understood. This makes archaeal virus-host of particular interest because the hosts generally root near the base of phylogenetic trees, while some of the viruses have clear structural similarities to those that infect prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Despite the advantageous position for use in evolutionary studies, little is known about archaeal viruses or how they interact with their hosts, compared to viruses of bacteria and eukaryotes. In addition, many archaeal viruses have been isolated from extreme environments and present a unique opportunity for elucidating factors that are important for existence at the extremes.. In this article we focus on virus-host interactions using a proteomics approach to study Sulfolobus Turreted Icosahedral Virus (STIV infection of Sulfolobus solfataricus P2. Using cultures grown from the ATCC cell stock, a single cycle of STIV infection was sampled 6 times over a 72 hr period. More than 700 proteins were identified throughout the course of the experiments. Seventy one host proteins were found to change by nearly two-fold (p<0.05 with 40 becoming more abundant and 31 less abundant. The modulated proteins represent 30 different cell pathways and 14 COG groups. 2D gel analysis showed that changes in post translational modifications were a common feature of the affected proteins. The results from these studies showed that the prokaryotic antiviral adaptive immune system CRISPR associated proteins (CAS proteins were regulated in response to the virus infection. It was found that regulated proteins come from mRNAs with a shorter than average half-life. In addition, activity-based protein profiling (ABPP profiling on 2D gels showed caspase, hydrolase and tyrosine phosphatase enzyme activity labeling at the protein isoform level. Together, this data provides a more detailed global view of archaeal cellular responses to viral infection, demonstrates the power of qua

JosephSteffens

2012-12-01

385

Root cause analysis to support infection control in healthcare premises.  

Science.gov (United States)

Infection control teams (ICTs) seek to prevent healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs). They undertake surveillance and prevention, promote safety and quality of care, and evaluate and manage risk. Root cause analysis (RCA) can support this work but is not widely used by ICTs. This paper describes how ICTs can use RCA to enhance their day-to-day work. Many different tools and methods exist for RCA. Its primary aim is to identify the factors that have led to HCAI, but RCA can also be used for near-misses. A team effort and multidisciplinary work are usually required. Published accounts and personal experience in the field indicate that an ICT that correctly uses RCA implements more effective prevention measures, improves practice and collaborative workin