WorldWideScience

Sample records for high-voltage power supplies

  1. Modular high voltage power supply for chemical analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stamps, James F. (Livermore, CA); Yee, Daniel D. (Dublin, CA)

    2008-07-15

    A high voltage power supply for use in a system such as a microfluidics system, uses a DC-DC converter in parallel with a voltage-controlled resistor. A feedback circuit provides a control signal for the DC-DC converter and voltage-controlled resistor so as to regulate the output voltage of the high voltage power supply, as well as, to sink or source current from the high voltage supply.

  2. Modular high voltage power supply for chemical analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stamps, James F. (Livermore, CA); Yee, Daniel D. (Dublin, CA)

    2010-05-04

    A high voltage power supply for use in a system such as a microfluidics system, uses a DC-DC converter in parallel with a voltage-controlled resistor. A feedback circuit provides a control signal for the DC-DC converter and voltage-controlled resistor so as to regulate the output voltage of the high voltage power supply, as well as, to sink or source current from the high voltage supply.

  3. High-voltage power supply based on piezoelectric transformer

    OpenAIRE

    Kryvoshei, Dmytro; Paerand, Yuriy

    2012-01-01

    High-voltage power supply based on piezoelectric transformer instead of traditional electromagnetic transformer is offered in the paper. The structure of the power supply is represented. The power supply operation principle is described, the diagrams that illustrate its operation are given.

  4. Design aspects for linear high voltage power supply using simulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simulation is a good assistant tool to reduce time of design phase. It helps the designer to check the effect of different parameters that affect the performance which could not be checked experimentally. In this paper, the design aspects of variable linear regulated high voltage power supply are discussed and analyzed using Micro-Cap IV simulation package. The most important parameters that affect the performance are studied. The floating regulated technique is used to control output voltage. Better choice of power MOSFET transistors with suitable breakdown voltage improves the reliability of the design. The simulation results show that D.C. open voltage gain and slew rate of error amplifier and power supply noise rejection have a great effect on the accuracy of regulated output voltage. Also, the speed response of error amplifier is affected by the selection of its feedback capacitor. Further potential applications of the presented regulated high voltage power supply in radiation monitoring systems are described

  5. DIII-D ICRF high voltage power supply regulator upgrade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For reliable operation and component protection, of the 2 MW 30--120 MHz ICRF Amplifier System on DIII-D, it is desirable for the amplifier to respond to high VSWR conditions as rapidly as possible. This requires a rapid change in power which also means a rapid change in the high voltage power supply current demands. An analysis of the power supply's regulator dynamics was needed to verify its expected operation during such conditions. Based on this information it was found that a new regulator with a larger dynamic range and some anticipation capability would be required. This paper will discuss the system requirements, the as-delivered regulator performance, and the improved performance after installation of the new regulator system. It will also be shown how this improvement has made the amplifier perform at higher power levels more reliably

  6. High-Voltage Power Supply System for Laser Isotope Separation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents several concepts for Laser High-Voltage Power Supply (HVPS) Systems for a Laser Isotope Separation facility. Selection of equipments and their arrangement into operational systems is based on proven designs and on application concepts now being developed. This report has identified a number of alternative system arrangements and has provided preliminary cost estimates for each. The report includes a recommendation for follow-on studies that will further define the optimum Laser HVPS Systems. Brief descriptions are given of Modulator/Regulator circuit trade-offs, system control interfaces, and their impact on costs

  7. Solid-state high voltage modulator and its application to rf source high voltage power supplies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A solid-state high voltage modulator is described in which series-connected insulated-gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs) are switched at a fixed frequency by a pulse width modulation (PWM) regulator, that adjusts the pulse width to control the voltage out of an inductor-capacitor filter network. General Atomics proposed the HV power supply (HVPS) topology of multiple IGBT modulators connected to a common HVdc source for the large number of 1 MW klystrons in the linear accelerator of the Accelerator Production of Tritium project. The switching of 24 IGBTs to obtain 20 kVdc at 20 A for short pulses was successfully demonstrated. This effort was incorporated into the design of a -70 kV, 80 A, IGBT modulator, and in a short-pulse test 12 IGBTs regulated -5 kV at 50 A under PWM control. These two tests confirm the practicality of solid-state IGBT modulators to regulate high voltage at reasonable currents. Tokamaks such as ITER require large rf heating and current drive systems with multiple rf sources. A HVPS topology is presented that readily adapts to the three rf heating systems on ITER. To take advantage of the known economy of scale for power conversion equipment, a single HVdc source feeds multiple rf sources. The large power conversion equipment, which is located outside, converts the incoming utility line voltage directly to the HVdc needed for the class of rf sources connected to it, to further reduce cost. The HVdc feeds a set of IGBT modulators, one for each rf source, to independently control the voltage applied to each source, maximizing operational flexibility. Only the modulators are indoors, close to the rf sources, minimizing the use of costly near-tokamak floor space.

  8. High Voltage Power Supply Design Guide for Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bever, Renate S.; Ruitberg, Arthur P.; Kellenbenz, Carl W.; Irish, Sandra M.

    2006-01-01

    This book is written for newcomers to the topic of high voltage (HV) in space and is intended to replace an earlier (1970s) out-of-print document. It discusses the designs, problems, and their solutions for HV, mostly direct current, electric power, or bias supplies that are needed for space scientific instruments and devices, including stepping supplies. Output voltages up to 30kV are considered, but only very low output currents, on the order of microamperes. The book gives a brief review of the basic physics of electrical insulation and breakdown problems, especially in gases. It recites details about embedment and coating of the supplies with polymeric resins. Suggestions on HV circuit parts follow. Corona or partial discharge testing on the HV parts and assemblies is discussed both under AC and DC impressed test voltages. Electric field analysis by computer on an HV device is included in considerable detail. Finally, there are many examples given of HV power supplies, complete with some of the circuit diagrams and color photographs of the layouts.

  9. High voltage power supply with modular series resonant inverters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dreifuerst, Gary R. (Livermore, CA); Merritt, Bernard T. (Livermore, CA)

    1995-01-01

    A relatively small and compact high voltage, high current power supply for a laser utilizes a plurality of modules containing series resonant half bridge inverters. A pair of reverse conducting thyristors are incorporated in each series resonant inverter module such that the series resonant inverter modules are sequentially activated in phases 360.degree./n apart, where n=number of modules for n>2. Selective activation of the modules allows precise output control reducing ripple and improving efficiency. Each series resonant half bridge inverter module includes a transformer which has a cooling manifold for actively circulating a coolant such as water, to cool the transformer core as well as selected circuit elements. Conductors connecting and forming various circuit components comprise hollow, electrically conductive tubes such as copper. Coolant circulates through the tubes to remove heat. The conductive tubes act as electrically conductive lines for connecting various components of the power supply. Where it is desired to make electrical isolation breaks, tubes comprised of insulating material such as nylon are used to provide insulation and continue the fluid circuit.

  10. Unique Power Dense, Configurable, Robust, High-Voltage Power Supplies Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Princeton Power will develop and deliver three small, lightweight 50 W high-voltage power supplies that have a configurable output voltage range from 500 to 50...

  11. Low power, high voltage power supply with fast rise/fall time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bearden, Douglas B. (Inventor)

    2007-01-01

    A low power, high voltage power supply system includes a high voltage power supply stage and a preregulator for programming the power supply stage so as to produce an output voltage which is a predetermined fraction of a desired voltage level. The power supply stage includes a high voltage, voltage doubler stage connected to receive the output voltage from the preregulator and for, when activated, providing amplification of the output voltage to the desired voltage level. A first feedback loop is connected between the output of the preregulator and an input of the preregulator while a second feedback loop is connected between the output of the power supply stage and the input of the preregulator.

  12. Design of Plasma Generator Driven by High-frequency High-voltage Power Supply

    OpenAIRE

    C. Yong-Nong; K. Chih-Ming

    2013-01-01

    In this research, a high-frequency high-voltage power supply designed for plasma generator is presented. The powersupply mainly consists of a series resonant converter with a high-frequency high-voltage boost transformer. Due to theindispensable high-voltage inheritance in the operation of plasma generator, the analysis of transformer needconsidering not only winding resistance, leakage inductance, magnetizing inductance, and core-loss resistance, butalso parasitic capacitance resulted from t...

  13. Design of full digital 50 kV electronic gun high voltage power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The design of full digital electronic gun high voltage power supply based on DSP was introduced in this paper. This power supply has innovations of full digital feedback circuit and PID closed-loop control mode. The application of high frequency resonant converter circuit reduces the size of the resonant element and transformer. The current-coupling distributed high voltage transformer and rectifier circuit were employed in this power supply. By this way, the power supply efficiency is improved and the number of distributed parameters is reduced, and the rectifier circuit could work under the oil-free environment. This power supply has been used in electronic grid-control high voltage system of the irradiation accelerator. (authors)

  14. A photomultiplier high voltage power supply incorporating a piezoelectric ceramic transformer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors describe a photomultiplier high voltage power supply in which the transformer, conventionally implemented with a magnetic core, is built with a non-magnetic piezoelectric ceramic. As this ceramic transformer leaks no flux and can suitably operate in the presence of a strong magnetic field, it is attractive for use in high energy physics experiments requiring high voltage generation under such fields. In addition, the ceramic transformer suffers low loss of power and demonstrates highly efficient energy conversion

  15. Piezoelectric transformer and modular connections for high power and high voltage power supplies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vazquez Carazo, Alfredo (Inventor)

    2006-01-01

    A modular design for combining piezoelectric transformers is provided for high voltage and high power conversion applications. The input portions of individual piezoelectric transformers are driven for a single power supply. This created the vibration and the conversion of electrical to electrical energy from the input to the output of the transformers. The output portions of the single piezoelectric transformers are combining in series and/or parallel to provide multiple outputs having different rating of voltage and current.

  16. Design of Plasma Generator Driven by High-frequency High-voltage Power Supply

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    C., Yong-Nong; K., Chih-Ming.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this research, a high-frequency high-voltage power supply designed for plasma generator is presented. The power supply mainly consists of a series resonant converter with a high-frequency high-voltage boost transformer. Due to the indispensable high-voltage inheritance in the operation of plasma [...] generator, the analysis of transformer need considering not only winding resistance, leakage inductance, magnetizing inductance, and core-loss resistance, but also parasitic capacitance resulted from the insulation wrappings on the high-voltage side. This research exhibits a simple approach to measuring equivalent circuit parameters of the high-frequency, high-voltage transformer with stray capacitance being introduced into the conventional modeling. The proposed modeling scheme provides not only a precise measurement procedure but also effective design information for series-load resonant converter. The plasma discharging plate is designed as part of the electric circuit in the series load-resonant converter and the circuit model of the plasma discharging plate is also conducted as well. Thus, the overall model of the high-voltage plasma generator is built and the designing procedures for appropriate selections of the corresponding resonant-circuit parameters can be established. Finally, a high-voltage plasma generator with 220V, 60Hz, and 1kW input, along with a 22 kHz and over 8kV output, is realized and implemented.

  17. A high voltage DC switching power supply of corona discharge for ozone tube

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: This paper presents a study of design and construction of a high voltage DC switching power supply for corona generating of ozone gas generating. This supply uses fly back converter at 3 k Vdc 30 khz and controls its operation using PWM techniques. I C TL494 is controlled of the switching. The testing of supply by putting high voltage to ozone gas tube at one-hour, the oxygen quantity 21 % of air, which ozone tube model enables ozone gas generating capacity of 95.2 mgO3/hr

  18. High-voltage power supply system for high-power electron guns

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the high-voltage power supply system of the electron beam evaporator steep current rises and drops in the case of short circuits are avoided. For this purpose a pulse protection filter is installed in the circuit leading to the cathode. It consists of a capacitor connected parallel to the junction cathode/anode, a choke, a free-running diode blocked in the direction to the cathode, and a discharge resistor. (DG)

  19. Design automation of switching mode high voltage power supply for nuclear instruments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents an automation procedure for the design of switching mode high voltage power supplies, using Pc programming facility. The procedure permits the selection of a ready made or designed ferrite transformer. This selection could be achieved according to the designer desire; as the program includes complete information about ready made ferrite transformer through complete database. The procedure is based on suggested template circuit. Micro-Cap IV simulation package is used to verify the desired high voltage power supply design. Simulation results agree quite well with suggested procedure's results. Design aspects and development needed to increase automation capabilities are also discussed

  20. Design of Plasma Generator Driven by High-frequency High-voltage Power Supply

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Yong-Nong

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In this research, a high-frequency high-voltage power supply designed for plasma generator is presented. The powersupply mainly consists of a series resonant converter with a high-frequency high-voltage boost transformer. Due to theindispensable high-voltage inheritance in the operation of plasma generator, the analysis of transformer needconsidering not only winding resistance, leakage inductance, magnetizing inductance, and core-loss resistance, butalso parasitic capacitance resulted from the insulation wrappings on the high-voltage side. This research exhibits asimple approach to measuring equivalent circuit parameters of the high-frequency, high-voltage transformer with straycapacitance being introduced into the conventional modeling. The proposed modeling scheme provides not only aprecise measurement procedure but also effective design information for series-load resonant converter. The plasmadischarging plate is designed as part of the electric circuit in the series load-resonant converter and the circuit modelof the plasma discharging plate is also conducted as well. Thus, the overall model of the high-voltage plasmagenerator is built and the designing procedures for appropriate selections of the corresponding resonant-circuitparameters can be established. Finally, a high-voltage plasma generator with 220V, 60Hz, and 1kW input, along witha 22 kHz and over 8kV output, is realized and implemented.

  1. Power supply design for the filament of the high-voltage electron accelerator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lige; Yang, Lei; Yang, Jun; Huang, Jiang; Liu, Kaifeng; Zuo, Chen

    2015-12-01

    The filament is a key component for the electron emission in the high-voltage electron accelerator. In order to guarantee the stability of the beam intensity and ensure the proper functioning for the power supply in the airtight steel barrel, an efficient filament power supply under accurate control is required. The paper, based on the dual-switch forward converter and synchronous rectification technology, puts forward a prototype of power supply design for the filament of the high-voltage accelerator. The simulation is conducted with MATLAB-Simulink on the main topology and the control method. Loss analysis and thermal analysis are evaluated using the FEA method. Tests show that in this prototype, the accuracy of current control is higher than 97.5%, and the efficiency of the power supply reaches 87.8% when the output current is 40 A.

  2. High-voltage power supply - 2.500 V - 4mA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A high-voltage power supply, in a NIM two-width module, was developed to be used in nuclear measurements systems. The design utilizes the principle of DC-DC conversion. A general description of the instrument and of its circuity is presented, as well as a report of the results obtained from the tests performed to establish its characteristics

  3. A new VME-based high voltage power supply for large photomultiplier systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neumaier, S. [European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland). Div. Particle Physics Experiments; Gutbrod, H.H. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Hubbeling, T. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Kolb, B.W. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Purschke, M.L. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Ippolitov, M. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol`zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii; Manko, V. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol`zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii; Mgebrishvili, G. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol`zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii; Nijanin, A. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol`zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii; Sibiryak, Y. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol`zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii; Tsvetkov, A. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol`zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii; Vinogradov, A. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol`zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii; Barlag, C. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Blume, C. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Bohne, E.M. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Bucher, D. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Claussen, A. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Peitzmann, T. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Schepers, G. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Schlagheck, H. [Muenster Univ. (Germany)

    1995-06-15

    We describe a new high voltage power supply, developed for the leadglass calorimeter of the WA98 experiment at CERN. The high voltage is produced for each of the 10 080 photomultiplier tubes of the detector individually, by the same number of active bases with on-board Greinacher voltage multipliers. The full VME-based HV controller system, which addresses each base via bus cables once per second, is miniaturized and fits into a single VME crate. The main advantages of this approach are the low heat dissipation, the considerably reduced amount of cabling and cost, as well as the high stability and low noise of the system. (orig.).

  4. A new VME-based high voltage power supply for large photomultiplier systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neumaier, S. [European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland). Div. Particle Physics Experiments; Gutbrod, H.H. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Hubbeling, T. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Kolb, B.W. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Purschke, M.L. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Ippolitov, M. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol`zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii; Manko, V. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol`zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii; Mgebrishvili, G. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol`zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii; Nijanin, A. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol`zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii; Sibiryak, Y. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol`zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii; Tsvetkov, A. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol`zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii; Vinogradov, A. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol`zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii; Barlag, C. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Blume, C. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Bohne, E.M. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Bucher, D. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Claussen, A. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Peitzmann, T. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Schepers, G. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Schlagheck, H. [Muenster Univ. (Germany)

    1995-01-01

    We describe a new high voltage power supply, developed for the leadglass calorimeter of the WA98 experiment at CERN. The high voltage is produced for each of the 10,080 photomultiplier tubes of the detector individually, by the same number of active bases with on-board Greinacher voltage multipliers. The full VME-based HV controller system, which addresses each base via bus cables once per second, is miniaturized and fits into a single VME crate. The main advantages of this approach are the low heat dissipation, the considerably reduced amount of cabling and cost, as well as the high stability and low noise of the system. (orig.)

  5. A new VME-based high voltage power supply for large photomultiplier systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe a new high voltage power supply, developed for the leadglass calorimeter of the WA98 experiment at CERN. The high voltage is produced for each of the 10 080 photomultiplier tubes of the detector individually, by the same number of active bases with on-board Greinacher voltage multipliers. The full VME-based HV controller system, which addresses each base via bus cables once per second, is miniaturized and fits into a single VME crate. The main advantages of this approach are the low heat dissipation, the considerably reduced amount of cabling and cost, as well as the high stability and low noise of the system. (orig.)

  6. Design of high voltage DC power supply based on LCC resonant converter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this paper is to design a small size, light weight high frequency high voltage (HFHV) power supply. It presents a comprehensive procedure for designing a high output voltage power supply based on series-parallel (LCC) resonant converter, aiming to realize the soft-switching. Through mathematical calculation based on an extensive of the first harmonic analysis, the paper derives the approach of determining the resonant parameters of the LCC converter. Then, a 35 kV power supply featuring a series-parallel resonant converter topology to compensate the distributed parameter is built to verify the correctness of the theory.

  7. High voltage pulse power supply of piezoelectric transformer based on adaptive frequency tracking control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Ze-rong; Bai, Chun-yu; Li, Hua-bo

    2010-07-01

    The damage capacity of weapon systems is enhanced when all-electronic safety and arming device (ESAD) is applied, so that ESAD has been favored by the military power. ESAD must ensure the normal work in the stipulation of -40 °C ~ +60°C temperature. When high voltage pulse power supply of piezoelectric transformer (PT) is used in ESAD the charging time has the large dispersion and affects the striking capability of weapon systems. In order to control the inconsistency charging time due to environment temperature change the adaptive frequency tracking control system for high-voltage pulse power supply of PT is designed. Theoretical calculation of current lag angle under zero voltage switching condition for resonant current is derived. Sampling circuit and control circuit are designed by applying the phase-locked loop (PLL) control technology. Experiment results have proved that this control can ensure the consistency of converter output under different environment.

  8. Design of power supply system in DC electrified transit railways - Influence of the high voltage network

    OpenAIRE

    Seimbille, Denis

    2014-01-01

    Urban rail systems such as subways and trams transport millions of people every day, oering a high level of service. Most of these systems are fed by direct current (DC). The design of the power supply network of DC electried transit railways is of great importance and requires the use of simulation models. The power supply network is composed of a high voltage network (fed with AC) linked to a traction network (fed with DC) by traction substations. Many simulation models ignore the high volt...

  9. Optimization of a high voltage power supply for a nitrogen laser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the present paper the optimization of a high voltage switching power supply for a compact TEA nitrogen laser is described. Taking as criterion the recovering of the charging voltage in a 95% of the maximal voltage, the relationships between the recovering rate coefficient, the recovering time and the maximal repetition frequency were obtained. Using an experimental set-up the power supply optimal values of turns in the primary transformer coil Np=35 and excitation pulse frequency fexc=25.5 kHz was determined

  10. Charging system of ECRH high-voltage power supply and its control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-voltage power supply (HVPS) of Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ECRH) for HT-7 and HT-7U is presently being constructed. The high voltage (100 kV) energy of HVPS is stored in the capacitor banks, and they can power one or two gyrotrons. All the operation of the charging system will be done by the control system, where the field signals are interfaced to programmable logic controller (PLC). The use of PLC not only simplifies the control system, but also enhances the reliability. The software written by using configuration software installed in the master computer allows for remote and multiple operator control, and the status and data information is also remotely available

  11. An approach for high voltage power supply system for HCAL of LHCb experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main aim of the calorimeter system of the LHCb (Large Hadron Collider Beauty) experiment dedicated to precision measurements of CP violation and rare phenomena is to provide identification of the electrons, hadrons and photons, for the level-0 trigger and offline analysis with measurements of position and energy. The system consists in a scintillator pad/preshower (SPD/PS) detector, an electromagnetic calorimeter (ECAL) and a hadron calorimeter (HCAL), all the sub-detectors having a similar technology with scintillating tiles as active material and being read out via wavelength-shifting fibers and with an identical readout electronics for ECAL and HCAL and similar electronics for the PS. During 1997-1999 a computer controlled High Voltage (HV) distribution scheme was developed by Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) group and used to supply the PMTs of half HCAL prototype during the beam tests (1998-2000). This scheme consisted of three parts: 1) a control box which includes low voltage power supply, the RS232 interface to a PC and three modules of high voltage power supply; 2) two types of multichannel HV distributors with an individual voltage setting; 3) a software package to control all settings and refresh them periodically. Based on the acquired experience, a new design for a High Voltage Power Supply (HVPS) which satisfies the LHCb requirements has been developed for PMTs of the hadron calorimeter. The demands of this system are simplicity and low cost. This HVPS with multiple outputs (HV for photocathode and D1 - D4 dynodes) is destined to supply, with the same high voltage, groups of PMTs sorted by similar characteristics as gain and sensitivity. Because of the high rates (? 40 MHz) supported by PMTs, booster voltage sources are necessary to supply current for the last 4 dynodes. The box has 5 HV power supplies for photocathodes and the last 4 dynodes, each HV power supply being followed by a 4 channel distributor (10 mA/channel). The box can independently supply 4 groups of 40 PMTs each. The voltage setting can be made manually, through keyboard and LCD display located on the front panel using a ?C board which also contains a CAN interpreter, SJA 1000, that makes the serial CAN-bus link remotely. The connection is bidirectional allowing both the setting of output voltages and the reading of the output voltage and current values. The power supply has good output features, shortcut protection and special voltages. The output voltages for a group are given. The box dimensions are: 480 x 128 x 525 mm. The voltages are transmitted trough HV coaxial cables with SHV connectors. The PMTs of FEU-115m10 type were used. In the following HV system will be adapted to be used to supply PMTs of Hamamatsu type R7899 20 which have been largely investigated by LHCb collaboration. HV Power Supply is going to be integrated in CAN network. This HVPS with parallel power groups of fast PMTs has the following advantages: a) outside PMTs supply (power dissipation is not inside HCAL modules); b) very good stability for all HV supplies (photocathode and dynodes); c) low ripple because of distributor supplementary stabilization with series transistors; d) great reserve of current (it allows high counting rates); f) being operated remotely it needs not to be radiation-proof; g) easy service. The system can be used in any experiments with many fast PMTs. (authors)

  12. OPC Server and BridgeView Application for High Voltage Power Supply Lecroy 1458

    CERN Document Server

    Swoboda, D; CERN. Geneva

    2000-01-01

    Abstract The aim of this project was to develop an OPC server to communicate over an RS232 serial line. This communication media is commonly used with commercial instruments. The development was made for a High Voltage power supply in the context of the Alice [1] experiment. In addition, the structured modular concept will allow changing the transmission media or power supply type with little effort. The high voltage power supply should be accessible remotely through a network. OPC[2] is an acronym for OLE[3] for Process Control. OPC is based on the DCOM [3] communication protocol, which allows communication with any computer running a Windows based OS. This standard is widely used in industry to access device data through Windows applications. The concept is based on the client-server architecture. The hardware and the software architecture are described. Subsequently details of the implemented programs are given with emphasis on the possibility to replace parts of the software in order to use differ...

  13. Characterization of a pulsed mode high voltage power supply for nuclear detectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses the characterization of a pulsed mode high voltage power supply (HVPS) using LT1073 chip. The pulsed modulated signal generated from this chip is amplified using a step-up ferrite core transformer of 1:20 turn ratio and then further multiplied and converted into DC high voltage output using a diode-capacitor arrangement. The circuit is powered by a 9V alkaline battery but regulated at 5V supply. It was found that the output for this setup is 520V, 87 ?A with 10% load regulation. This output is suitable to operate a pancake-type GM detector, typically model LND 7317 where the plateau is from 475V to 675V. It was also found that when a ?-source with intensity of 120 cps is used, the power consumption of the circuit is 5 V, 10.1 mA only. When the battery was left 'on' for 40 hours continuously, the battery's voltage has dropped to 6.9V, meaning that the 5V supply as well as 520V output is still maintained. It is noted that the minimum output voltage of 475V has reached when the regulated supply has reduced to 4.6V and consequently the 9V battery dropped to 6.5V, and this had happened after approximately 3 days of continuous operation. The power efficiency for this circuitry was found to be 89.5%. This result has far better in performance since the commercial portable equipment of this type has normally specified that not less than 8 hours continuous operation only. On the circuit design for this power supply, it was found that the enveloped frequency is 133 Hz with approximately 50% duty cycle. The modulated frequency during 'on' state was found to be 256 KHz in which the majority of power consumption is required.

  14. Low-noise high-voltage DC power supply for nanopositioning applications

    CERN Document Server

    Belussi, Cristian H; Fasano, Yanina

    2014-01-01

    Nanopositioning techniques currently applied to characterize physical properties of materials interesting for applications at the microscopic scale rely on high-voltage electronic control circuits that should have the lowest possible noise level. Here we introduce a simple, flexible, and custom-built power supply circuit that can provide +375\\,V with a noise level below 10\\,ppm. The flexibility of the circuit comes from its topology based on discrete MOSFET components that can be suitable replaced in order to change the polarity as well as the output voltage and current.

  15. Adaptive control strategy for ECRH negative high-voltage power supply based on CMAC neural network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to solve the problem that the negative high-voltage power supply in an electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) system can not satisfy the requirements because of the nonlinearity and sensitivity, the direct inverse model control strategy was proposed by using cerebellar model articulation controller(CMAC) for better control, and experiments were carried out to study the system performances with CMAC tracing dynamic signals. The results show that this strategy is strong in self-learning and self-adaptation and easy to be realized. (authors)

  16. Online high voltage power supply ripple estimation and feedforward in LEDA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator (LEDA) being constructed at Los Alamos National Laboratory will serve as the prototype for the low energy section of Acceleration Production of Tritium (APT) accelerator. This paper addresses the problem of LLRF control system for LEDA. They propose an estimator of the ripple and its time derivative and a control law which is based on PID control and adaptive feedforward of estimated ripple. The control law reduces the effect of the deterministic cathode ripple that is due to high voltage power supply and achieves tracking of desired set points

  17. High-Voltage Power Supply With Fast Rise and Fall Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bearden, Douglas B.; Acker, Richard M.; Kapuslka, Robert E.

    2007-01-01

    A special-purpose high-voltage power supply can be electronically switched on and off with fast rise and fall times, respectively. The output potential is programmable from 20 to 1,250 V. An output current of 50 A can be sustained at 1,250 V. The power supply was designed specifically for electronically shuttering a microchannel plate in an x-ray detector that must operate with exposure times as short as 1 ms. The basic design of the power supply is also adaptable to other applications in which there are requirements for rapid slewing of high voltages. The power-supply circuitry (see figure) includes a preregulator, which is used to program the output at 1/30 of the desired output potential. After the desired voltage has been set, the outputs of a pulse width modulator (PWM) are enabled and used to amplify the preregulator output potential by 30. The amplification is achieved by use of two voltage doublers with a transformer that has two primary and two secondary windings. A resistor is used to limit the current by controlling the drive voltage of two field-effect transistors (FETs) during turn-on of the PWM. A pulse transformer is used to turn on four FETs to short-circuit four output capacitors when the outputs of the PWM have been disabled. The most notable aspects of the performance of the power supply are a rise time of only 80 s and a fall time of only 60 s at a load current of 50 A or less. Another notable aspect is that the application of a 0-to-5-V square wave to a shutdown pin of the PWM causes the production of a 0-to-1,250-V square wave at the output terminals.

  18. 100 kV repetition-rate high-voltage pulsed power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To study the characteristics of gaseous discharge in spark gap, a high-voltage pulsed power supply has been designed, whose output voltage amplitude varies between 30?100 kV and repetition-rate varies from 1 Hz to 5 kHz. Adopting the principle of resonant charging, the power supply transfers energy from the primary source of 10 kV DC to the secondary energy storage capacitor that is charged at least to 18 kV. The hydrogen thyratron conducts under the action of optical trigger signal. Then the current flows through the pulse transformer, and voltage is raises from 18 kV to the peak of 100 kV. The output pulse is a negative voltage one with an pulse width of at least 200 ns. and fall time less than 90 ns. the device can continuously run for no less than 1 min without additional cooling system. (authors)

  19. Assessment of Electromagnetic Fields around High Voltage Power Supply in Hamadan Hospital Wards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nima Rostampour

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Background and Objectives: Biological effects of non-ionizing radiation on the body of living organisms have been studied by researchers in recent years. High Voltage medical equipments are one of the sources generating electromagnetic fields. The electromagnetic field intensity of the medical equipment installed at Hamadan hospitals and the potential hazards were investigated. The main purpose of this study was to determine the intensity of the electromagnetic field around high voltage power supplies in radiology ward of the Hamadan hospitals. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study and we investigated the electromagnetic fields intensity around high voltage power supplies at Hamadan hospital wards. All measurements were performed using a calibrated Tesla-meter (HI-3603. The measurements were conducted at a range of distances varying from 25 cm to 3 m around the supporting high voltage power supply. Results: We found that the maximum intensity of the magnetic and electric fields at a distance of less than 1 m around the high voltage power supply was 29.625±5.738 mGauss and 25.17±0.92 V/m respectively, which is less than the safe amounts recommended by the ICNIRP for occupational exposure (5000 mG and 10000 V/m and even for public exposure (1000 mG and and 5000 V/m. The minimum intensity of EM fields for a less than 3 m distance was found to be 0.1±0.005 mGauss, which relates to a CT-scanner system installed at Farshchian hospital. Among the whole equipments evaluated in the current survey, the most intense magnetic and electric field was found to be for imaging technician office, which was 3.050±0.004 mGauss and 128.88±0.05 V/m respectively; it is lower than the tolerances recommended by the ICNIRP. Conclusion: According to our results, it seems that the EM field occupational exposure for radiation workers working at Hamadan hospitals does not exceed the tolerances recommended by the ICNIRP. Therefore, we did not find any issue related to the over-irradiation of non-ionizing among the radiologists studied. It is recommended that different brands of generators to be used in order to conduct a detailed and comprehensive study to compare the intensity of the electrical and magnetic fields. st1":*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}

  20. The Design of Nanosecond Fast-switch Pulsed High Voltage Power Supply Based on Solid-state

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The high voltage pulsed power supply is applied in the experiment of the nuclear science widely. It main consist of DC high-voltage power supply (HVPS) and pulse modulator. The high-frequency series-resonant inverter technology and IGBT series technology are used to design the HVPS and the modulator, respectively. The main circuit, control circuit, high voltage transformer and solid-state switch are illuminated in the paper. The apparatus can operate at a maximum output voltage of 6 kilovolt, which can be modulated single pulse and also be modulated by series pulse. A prototype is fabricated and tested, experimental results show that the pulsed power supply is well-designed and rising edge time to meet the nsclass; it can achieve the requirement of rapid modulation. (authors)

  1. Development of a universal serial bus-powered mini-high-voltage power supply for microchip electrophoresis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Lei; Jiang, Xuening; Lu, Yao; Dai, Zhongpeng; Xie, Minhao; Qin, Jianhua; Lin, Bingcheng

    2007-04-01

    We describe a miniature high-voltage power supply (HVPS) with dimensions of 4.7 x 5.6 x 2.5 cm (W x L x H) powered by universal serial bus (USB) ports. Two strategies were adopted to ensure its efficient power usage. (i) Only two high-voltage converters (one positive and one negative) and two relays were used for power saving, while keeping the sample plug stable and well-defined and avoiding sample leakage for microchip electrophoresis. (ii) The components and their running modes were specially designed to decrease power waste according to the feature of different periods of the microchip electrophoresis process. Performance of this USB-based mini-HVPS was demonstrated using sodium fluorescein analyte with microchip electrophoresis/LIF detection. PMID:17377944

  2. Atmospheric pressure plasma jet with high-voltage power supply based on piezoelectric transformer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babij, Micha?; Kowalski, Zbigniew W; Nitsch, Karol; Silberring, Jerzy; Gotszalk, Teodor

    2014-05-01

    The dielectric barrier discharge plasma jet, an example of the nonthermal atmospheric pressure plasma jet (APPJ), generates low-temperature plasmas that are suitable for the atomization of volatile species and can also be served as an ionization source for ambient mass and ion mobility spectrometry. A new design of APPJ for mass spectrometry has been built in our group. In these plasma sources magnetic transformers (MTs) and inductors are typically used in power supplies but they present several drawbacks that are even more evident when dealing with high-voltage normally used in APPJs. To overcome these disadvantages, high frequency generators with the absence of MT are proposed in the literature. However, in the case of miniaturized APPJs these conventional power converters, built of ferromagnetic cores and inductors or by means of LC resonant tank circuits, are not so useful as piezoelectric transformer (PT) based power converters due to bulky components and small efficiency. We made and examined a novel atmospheric pressure plasma jet with PT supplier served as ionization source for ambient mass spectrometry, and especially mobile spectrometry where miniaturization, integration of components, and clean plasma are required. The objective of this paper is to describe the concept, design, and implementation of this miniaturized piezoelectric transformer-based atmospheric pressure plasma jet. PMID:24880391

  3. Atmospheric pressure plasma jet with high-voltage power supply based on piezoelectric transformer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The dielectric barrier discharge plasma jet, an example of the nonthermal atmospheric pressure plasma jet (APPJ), generates low-temperature plasmas that are suitable for the atomization of volatile species and can also be served as an ionization source for ambient mass and ion mobility spectrometry. A new design of APPJ for mass spectrometry has been built in our group. In these plasma sources magnetic transformers (MTs) and inductors are typically used in power supplies but they present several drawbacks that are even more evident when dealing with high-voltage normally used in APPJs. To overcome these disadvantages, high frequency generators with the absence of MT are proposed in the literature. However, in the case of miniaturized APPJs these conventional power converters, built of ferromagnetic cores and inductors or by means of LC resonant tank circuits, are not so useful as piezoelectric transformer (PT) based power converters due to bulky components and small efficiency. We made and examined a novel atmospheric pressure plasma jet with PT supplier served as ionization source for ambient mass spectrometry, and especially mobile spectrometry where miniaturization, integration of components, and clean plasma are required. The objective of this paper is to describe the concept, design, and implementation of this miniaturized piezoelectric transformer-based atmospheric pressure plasma jet

  4. Design of power oscillator for 500 keV/20 mA Cockroft-Walton high voltage supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A design of power oscillator for Cockroft-Walton high voltage supply was carried out. This high voltage supply would be used as the acceleration voltage supply of an electron beam machine designed to have 500 keV/20 mA capacity. The power oscillator design consisted of output specification, circuit diagram, power supply and oscillator main components determinations. The power oscillator output wave power, voltage and frequency designed according to voltage multiplier input requirements. The design results showed that the circuit was class-c tickler oscillator having an output specification of 12.1 kW, 15 kV and 40 kHz sinus wave. The main component was a ITK 15-2 triode tube. (author)

  5. Improvement for the TRIP rate of klystron high-voltage power supplies in J-PARC linac

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The number of faults of high voltage power supplies for 324MHz-klystron has been increased since summer maintenance in 2012. Investigating the causes of its faults, it was found that the primary one is anode discharge of klystrons. Electro-magnetic and radiation noises were arisen from anode discharge and they strongly influenced with the disoperation of NIM components such as trigger fanout modules generating trigger pulses both 150kV-semiconductor switch and sample hold modules. This report describes the causes of break down for HVDC power supplies and the noise measure of trigger fanout module. (author)

  6. 130 kV 130 A High voltage switching mode power supply for neutral beam plasma heating: design issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The company JEMA has designed and manufactured two High Voltage Switching Mode Power Supplies (HVSMPS), rated at 130 kV dc and 130 A, each of which will feed the accelerator grids of two Positive Ion Neutral Injector (PINI) loads, to be installed at the Joint European Torus (EFDA-JET facility located at Culham, UK). The solution designed by JEMA includes two matching transformers which adapt the 36 kV of the JET AC power distribution network to the required 670 V at the secondary side. Additionally, such transformers provide a 30 deg.phase shift which is required by a 30000 A 12 pulse thyristor rectifier. The obtained and stabilised 650 V feed 120 IGBT invertors, which operate at 2778 Hz with modulated square waveform. Each invertor feeds a High Insulation High Frequency Transformer. The 120 transformers corresponding to one power supply are arranged in three oil filled tanks and provide the main insulation from the low voltage to the high voltage side. The square waveform obtained at the secondary of each transformer is rectified by means of a diode bridge. The connection in series of the 120 diode bridges provides the required 130 kV d.c. at the output. In order to protect the load, a redundant solid state crowbar has been designed. Such short circuiting device is composed of 26 Light Triggered Thyristors (LTTs), connected in series. Electrical simulations have been carried out in order to ensure that the system complies with the requirements of high accuracy and adequate protection of the load. The critical design of the High Voltage-High Frequency Transformers has also required electrostatic simulations of the electric field distribution

  7. MAGY: An innovative high voltage-low current power supply for gyrotron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From the electrical point of view, the body and the anode of high power gyrotrons behave as capacitive loads. A highly dynamic power supply is, therefore, hard to achieve. The MAGY concept (Modulator for the Anode of a triode type GYrotron) embodies an innovative solution to manage the capacitive current ensuring a very low ripple on the output voltage. It consists of a series of independent, bi-directional and regulated DC sources. Compared to existing topologies, this solution requires a smaller number of power modules. It avoids internal high frequency modulation and simultaneously offers high resolution of the output voltage and a wide range of operating scenarios.

  8. A novel high-frequency multiphase crowbarless high-voltage dc power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A novel topology based on high frequency switching resonant immittance converters (RICs) is proposed in this paper. The principle of operation, design, simulation and experimental results on a - 20 kV, 1 A dc prototype power supply, that uses a three-phase RIC operating with 120° phase shift involving switching at 25 kHz and a dc-dc step down converter with energy recovery snubber in the front-end, is presented. (author)

  9. Multiloop Rapid-Rise/Rapid Fall High-Voltage Power Supply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bearden, Douglas

    2007-01-01

    A proposed multiloop power supply would generate a potential as high as 1.25 kV with rise and fall times voltages and high slew rates are needed. At the time of reporting the information for this article, there was no commercially available power supply capable of satisfying the stated combination of voltage, rise-time, and fall-time requirements. The power supply would include a preregulator that would be used to program a voltage 1/30 of the desired output voltage. By means of a circuit that would include a pulse-width modulator (PWM), two voltage doublers, and a transformer having two primary and two secondary windings, the preregulator output voltage would be amplified by a factor of 30. A resistor would limit the current by controlling a drive voltage applied to field-effect transistors (FETs) during turn-on of the PWM. Two feedback loops would be used to regulate the high output voltage. A pulse transformer would be used to turn on four FETs to short-circuit output capacitors when the outputs of the PWM were disabled. Application of a 0-to-5-V square to a PWM shut-down pin would cause a 20-to-1,250-V square wave to appear at the output.

  10. Switching mode high voltage DC regulated power supply for inflector of cyclotron along with on-line beam current measurement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the Inflector of K-130 cyclotron at V.E.C. Centre, Kolkata, a dc regulated power supply (15 kV, 10 ma, 0.1% regulation) with CV/CC mode of operation is designed and fabricated which is running round-the-clock for more then two years. Based on same technique, several other high voltage and high current type of dc regulated Switching- Mode-Power Supplies (SMPS), have been fabricated for VEC Centre and for other institutions also, such as SINP Calcutta, NPL New Delhi etc. This Power Supply uses Pulse-Width-Modulation (Pm) technique in which two similar square-wave pulses but opposite in phase are used for DC-to-Ac converter at very high frequency. By the process of switching, the power dissipation in the regulating elements is minimum which makes it highly efficient. The advantage of operating at higher switching frequency is to reduce the size of transformer and filter capacitors which makes it cheaper

  11. Electrical Power Supply to Offshore Oil Installations by High Voltage Direct Current Transmission

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Myhre, Joergen Chr.

    2001-07-01

    This study was initiated to investigate if it could be feasible to supply offshore oil installations in the North Sea with electrical power from land. A prestudy of alternative converter topologies indicated that the most promising solution would be to investigate a conventional system with reduced synchronous compensator rating. The study starts with a summary of the state of power supply to offshore installations today, and a short review of classical HVDC transmission. It goes on to analyse how a passive network without sources influences the inverter. The transmission, with its current controlled rectifier and large inductance, is simulated as a current source. Under these circumstances the analysis shows that the network frequency has to adapt in order to keep the active and reactive power balance until the controllers are able to react. The concept of firing angle for a thyristor is limited in a system with variable frequency, the actual control parameter is the firing delay time. Sensitivity analysis showed some astonishing consequences. The frequency rises both by an increase in the active and in the reactive load. The voltage falls by an increase in the active load, but rises by an increase in the inductive load. Two different control principles for the system of inverter, synchronous compensator and load are defined. The first takes the reference for the firing delay time from the fundamental voltage at the point of common coupling. The second takes the reference for the firing delay time from the simulated EMF of the synchronous compensator. Of these, the second is the more stable and should be chosen as the basis for a possible control system. Two simulation tools are applied. The first is a quasi-phasor model running on Matlab with Simulink. The other is a time domain model in KREAN. The time domain model is primarily used for the verification of the quasi-phasor model, and shows that quasi-phasors is still a valuable tool for making a quick analysis of the main features when the details of the transients are of less importance. The study indicates that power supply by HVDC transmission from land to offshore oil installations could be technically feasible, even without the large synchronous compensators normally required. It has been shown that in a network only supplied by an inverter, variations of active and reactive loads have significant influence on both voltage and frequency. Particularly it should be noted that the frequency shows a positive sensitivity to increases in load. This could make the system intrinsically unstable in the case of a frequency dependent load such as motors. It was not a part of the study to optimize controllers, but even with simple controllers it was possible to keep the frequency within limits given by norms and regulations, but the voltages were dynamically outside the limits, though not very far. These voltage overswings take place in the first few instances after a disturbance, so it takes unrealistically fast controllers to handle them. They are partly due to the model, where the land based rectifier and the DC reactors are simulated by a constant current source, but partly they have to be handled by overdimensioning of the system. The simulations indicate that it should be technically possible to supply an oil platform with electrical power from land by means of HVDC transmission with small synchronous compensators. Whether this is financially feasible has not been investigated. Neither has it been considered whether the necessary equipment can actually be installed on an oil platform. Recently both ABB and Siemens have presented solutions for HVDC transmission in the lower and medium power range based on voltage source converters based on IGBTs. Fully controllable voltage source HVDC converters have properties that may be better suited than conventional line commutated current source thyristor inverters, to supply weak or passive networks, such as offshore oil installations, with electrical power. But they also have some disadvantages, and a complete technical and fina

  12. Integrated high voltage power supply utilizing burst mode control and its performance impact on dielectric electro active polymer actuators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Thomas; RØdgaard, Martin SchØler

    Through resent years new high performing Dielectric Electro Active Polymers (DEAP) have emerged. To fully utilize the potential of DEAPs a driver with high voltage output is needed. In this paper a piezoelectric transformer based power supply for driving DEAP actuators is developed, utilizing a burst mode control technique. Controlling and driving a DEAP actuator between 250V to 2.5kV is demonstrated, where discrete like voltage change and voltage ripple is observed, which is introduced by the burst mode control. Measurements of the actuator strain-force reveal that the voltage ripples translates to small strain-force ripples. Nevertheless the driver demonstrates good capabilities of following an input reference signal, as well as having the size to fit inside a 110 mm x 32 mm cylindrical InLastor Push actuator, forming a “low voltage” DEAP actuator.

  13. Improved Model of New Six-Phase High Voltage Power Supply for Industrial Microwave Generators with A Single Magnetron By Phase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BOUBKAR BAHANI

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This original work treats the feasibility study of new type of high voltage power supply with a character six-phase for a magnetron 800 Watts-2450 MHz per phase for industrial microwave generators. The design of this new power supply uses a new sex identical single-phase high voltage transformer with magnetic leakage flux, coupled in star. Each single phase supply a cells which multiples the voltage, stabilizes the current and supplies in its turn a single magnetron. The ? equivalent model of the transformer is developed, taking into account the saturation phenomenon and the stabilization process of each magnetron current. This model is based on the determination of the analytical expressions of its non-linear inductances, that can be determined from the establishment of the B(H magnetization curve of the used material (SF19. This new power supply presents a multiple benefits in terms of reducing of weight, volume, electrical wiring and cost during of the implementation and maintenance of such a new device. The simulation results, upbraided by Matlab-SIMULINK code, are in good agreement with those found by experimental measurement for one magnetron, while respecting the conditions recommended by the manufacturer of magnetron: Ipeak<1.2 A, Imean? 300 mA.

  14. Low power, scalable multichannel high voltage controller

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stamps, James Frederick (Livermore, CA); Crocker, Robert Ward (Fremont, CA); Yee, Daniel Dadwa (Dublin, CA); Dils, David Wright (Fort Worth, TX)

    2008-03-25

    A low voltage control circuit is provided for individually controlling high voltage power provided over bus lines to a multitude of interconnected loads. An example of a load is a drive for capillary channels in a microfluidic system. Control is distributed from a central high voltage circuit, rather than using a number of large expensive central high voltage circuits to enable reducing circuit size and cost. Voltage is distributed to each individual load and controlled using a number of high voltage controller channel switches connected to high voltage bus lines. The channel switches each include complementary pull up and pull down photo isolator relays with photo isolator switching controlled from the central high voltage circuit to provide a desired bus line voltage. Switching of the photo isolator relays is further controlled in each channel switch using feedback from a resistor divider circuit to maintain the bus voltage swing within desired limits. Current sensing is provided using a switched resistive load in each channel switch, with switching of the resistive loads controlled from the central high voltage circuit.

  15. High-voltage-powered transistorized preamplifier

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the problems that is frequently met in the field of nuclear electronics is that of coupling the signal from a high-impedance pulse-type radiation detector to a low-impedance transmission line. Radiation detectors and their associated counting equipment are often separated by a considerable distance and some efficient means of transmitting the signal from the detector to the counting system must be provided. In practice, a low-impedance coaxial cable is used for the transmission line and a cathode-follower or emitter-follower circuit is used to achieve the required impedance match. This paper describes a unique emitter-follower circuit that has been utilized very successfully at the University of Washington. The emitter-follower circuit is unique in that power for the transistor circuit is derived from the high voltage that is supplied to the radiation detector. The two pnp alloy-junction transistors employed in the preamplifier yield.a voltage gain of unity over a dynamic range of from 1 mV to 5 V. Stabilization of the operating voltage for the emitter-follower circuit is provided by a small zener diode. The current drain of a typical remote-scintillation detector employing the circuit ranges from 0.35 to 0.65 mA when the high voltage is supplied to the scintillation detector is varied from 800 to 1 500 V. The unit will drive 500 ft of 52-? coaxial line with a 25% loss in pulse amplitude and has been used with remotely operated scintillation-type detectors and BF3-type neutron detectors with excellent results. (author)

  16. Performance of a Remote High Voltage Power Supply for the Phase II Upgrade of the ATLAS Tile Calorimeter

    CERN Document Server

    Vazeille, Francois; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    The experience gained in the working of the present High Voltage system of the Tile calorimeter of the ATLAS detector and the new HL-LHC constraints, in particular the increase of the radiation, lead to the proposal of moving the embedded regulation system to be a remote system in the counting room, by adding easily new functionalities. This system is using the same regulation scheme as the current one and distributes the individual High Voltage settings with multi-conductor cables. The tests show that it reaches the same performance in terms of regulation stability and noise, with a permanent access to the electronics.

  17. Medium and high voltage power cables market in Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This note gives an overview of the European market for medium and high voltage power cables. In this text, emphasis is placed on suppliers and important European clients; there is also a brief review of the different techniques for cable laying and utilization in Europe. This not has mainly been drafted from informations supplied by EUROPACABLE

  18. 130 kV 130 A high voltage switching mode power supply for neutral beam injectors-Control issues and algorithms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The company JEMA has delivered to the Joint European Torus (JET facility in Culham) two high voltage switching mode power supplies (HVSMPS) each rated 130 kVdc and 130 A. One HVSMPS feeds the grids of two PINI loads. This paper describes the main control issues and the algorithms developed for the project. The most demanding requirements from the control point of view is an absolute accuracy of ±1300 V and the possibility of performing up to 255 re-applications of the high voltage during a 20 s pulse. Keeping the output voltage ripple to the specified tolerance has been a major achievement of the control system. Since the output stage is formed of several modules (120) connected in series, their stray capacitance to ground significantly influences the individual contribution of each single module to the global output voltage. Two complementary techniques have been used to balance the effects of the stray capacities. The fast re-applications requirement has a significant impact on the intermediate dc link. This section is composed of a capacity of 0.83 F, which feeds the 120 invertor modules. The dc link is fed by a 12 pulse SCR rectifier, whose matching transformers are connected to the 36 kV grid. Every re-application and every voltage shutdown supposes a quasi-instantaneous power step of 17 MW. Fast open loop algorithms have been implemented in order to keep the dc link voltage within acceptable margins. Moreover, the HVSMPS output characteristics have to be maintained during the rapid and important voltage fluctuations of the 36 kV mains (28-37 kV). The general control system is based on a Simatic S7 PLC, and a SCADA user interface. Up to 1000 signals are acquired. The control system has shown to be also a useful tool to allow for a rapid and accurate identification of faults and their origin

  19. High voltage surge protection system for gun power supplies of 3 MeV, 30 kW DC electron beam accelerator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 3 MeV, 30 kW dc industrial electron beam Accelerator is being developed at EBC, Kharghar, Navi Mumbai. The electron gun located at 3 MV terminal requires remotely controlled floating power supplies for filament and anode. As the control electronics operate at low voltages of the order of 15 V, they are vulnerable for conducted and radiated noise from high voltage column discharges. The sensitive electronic components should be protected from common mode and differential mode HV surges. To minimize the surge voltages to safe operating limits of electronic components used, various methods were incorporated and tested in simulated and actual conditions. This surge protection scheme has been installed at 3 MV dome and gun supplies were operated at 1.2 MeV level. They have been withstanding several HV sparks and discharges in the Accelerator with nitrogen gas at 6 kg/cm2. The techniques such as spark gaps, electrostatic screen, surge limiting inductors, cascaded filters, isolation amplifiers, single point grounding and electromagnetic shielding have been described in this paper. (author)

  20. Advanced High Voltage Power Device Concepts

    CERN Document Server

    Baliga, B Jayant

    2012-01-01

    Advanced High Voltage Power Device Concepts describes devices utilized in power transmission and distribution equipment, and for very high power motor control in electric trains and steel-mills. Since these devices must be capable of supporting more than 5000-volts in the blocking mode, this books covers operation of devices rated at 5,000-V, 10,000-V and 20,000-V. Advanced concepts (the MCT, the BRT, and the EST) that enable MOS-gated control of power thyristor structures are described and analyzed in detail. In addition, detailed analyses of the silicon IGBT, as well as the silicon carbide MOSFET and IGBT, are provided for comparison purposes. Throughout the book, analytical models are generated to give a better understanding of the physics of operation for all the structures. This book provides readers with: The first comprehensive treatment of high voltage (over 5000-volts) power devices suitable for the power distribution, traction, and motor-control markets;  Analytical formulations for all the device ...

  1. Combined resonant tank capacitance and pulse frequency modulation control for ZCS-SR inverter-fed high voltage DC power supply

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, S S; Iqbal, S; Kamarol, M, E-mail: shahidsidu@hotmail.com [School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang (Malaysia)

    2011-09-15

    Conventional pulse frequency modulated (PFM) zero current switching (ZCS) series resonant (SR) inverter fed high voltage dc power supplies have nearly zero switching loss. However, they have limitations of poor controllability at light loads and large output voltage ripple at low switching frequencies. To address these problems, this paper proposes a combined resonant tank capacitance and pulse frequency modulation based control approach. For the realization of the proposed control approach, the tank circuit of the resonant inverter is made up of several resonant capacitors that are switched into or out of the tank circuit by electromechanical switches. The output voltage of the converter is regulated by digitally modulating the resonant tank capacitance and narrowly varying the switching frequency. The proposed control scheme has several features, namely a wide range of controllability even at light loads, less output voltage ripple, and less current stress on the inverter's power switches at light loads. Therefore, the proposed control approach alleviates most of the problems associated with conventional PFM. Experimental results obtained from a scaled down laboratory prototype are presented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed system.

  2. Combined resonant tank capacitance and pulse frequency modulation control for ZCS-SR inverter-fed high voltage DC power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conventional pulse frequency modulated (PFM) zero current switching (ZCS) series resonant (SR) inverter fed high voltage dc power supplies have nearly zero switching loss. However, they have limitations of poor controllability at light loads and large output voltage ripple at low switching frequencies. To address these problems, this paper proposes a combined resonant tank capacitance and pulse frequency modulation based control approach. For the realization of the proposed control approach, the tank circuit of the resonant inverter is made up of several resonant capacitors that are switched into or out of the tank circuit by electromechanical switches. The output voltage of the converter is regulated by digitally modulating the resonant tank capacitance and narrowly varying the switching frequency. The proposed control scheme has several features, namely a wide range of controllability even at light loads, less output voltage ripple, and less current stress on the inverter's power switches at light loads. Therefore, the proposed control approach alleviates most of the problems associated with conventional PFM. Experimental results obtained from a scaled down laboratory prototype are presented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed system.

  3. Experiment and operation of a LHCD-35 kV/2.8 MW/1000 s high-voltage power supply on HT-7 tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A-35 kV/2.8 MW/1000s high-voltage power supply (HVPS) for HT-7 superconducting tokamak has been built successfully. The HVPS is scheduled to run on a 2.45 GHz/1 MW lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) system of HT-7 superconducting tokamak before the set-up of HT-7 superconducting tokamak in 2003. The HVPS has a series of advantages such as good steady and dynamic response, logical computer program controlling the HVPS without any fault, operational panel and experimental board for data acquisition, which both are grounded distinctively in a normative way to protect the main body of HVPS along with its attached equipment from dangers. Electric power cables and other control cables are disposed reasonably, to prevent signals from magnetic interference and ensure the precision of signal transfer. The author introduced the experiment and operation of a 35 kV/2.8 MW/1000 s HVPS for 2.45 GHz/1 MW LHCD system. The reliability and feasibility of the HVPS has been demonstrated in comparison with experimental results of original design and simulation data

  4. High Voltage Power Transmission for Wind Energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Young il

    The high wind speeds and wide available area at sea have recently increased the interests on offshore wind farms in the U.S.A. As offshore wind farms become larger and are placed further from the shore, the power transmission to the onshore grid becomes a key feature. Power transmission of the offshore wind farm, in which good wind conditions and a larger installation area than an onshore site are available, requires the use of submarine cable systems. Therefore, an underground power cable system requires unique design and installation challenges not found in the overhead power cable environment. This paper presents analysis about the benefit and drawbacks of three different transmission solutions: HVAC, LCC/VSC HVDC in the grid connecting offshore wind farms and also analyzed the electrical characteristics of underground cables. In particular, loss of HV (High Voltage) subsea power of the transmission cables was evaluated by the Brakelmann's theory, taking into account the distributions of current and temperature.

  5. Power high-voltage pulse transformer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In detail the design of a power high-voltage transformer is discussed. Basic formulae for calculation of electromagnetic and design parameters, and values of pulse-shape distortions in the transformer are presented. The transformer core is made of the Eh360 steel and has the most efficient square section. The core, together with gaskets and rings, is fastened to the tank cover, thus forming a removable part which is placed into an oil tank. The tank cover carries low- and high-voltage insulators coupled with the secondary winding. The tank and its cover form a single-loop winding; insulation between the windings is the transformer oil. All tank elements and its cover are made of aluminium alloys and have a thickness of 8-12 mm. Sector gaskets and rings are made of organic glass having a thickness of 10-12 mm. The proposed design of a pulse transformer provides minor distortions of pulses with a voltage of up to 1 MV at a power of up to 10 GW. The recommended range of pulse durations is from 1 to 10 ?s. The developed power transformer is used for experiments on the acceleration of charged particles

  6. Utilização de um monitor de vídeo como fonte de alta tensão para eletroforese capilar / Utilization of a conventional CRT monitor as a high voltage power supply for capillary electrophoresis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Alberto Fracassi da, Silva; Leonardo, Frasatto.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english This article describes the use of a conventional CRT monitor as a high voltage power supply for capillary electrophoresis. With this monitor, a 23-kV high voltage with a ripple of 1.32% was observed. The reproducibility of the applied high voltage was evaluated by measuring the standard deviations o [...] f peak area and migration time for five consecutive injections of a test mixture containing potassium, sodium, and lithium cations at 50 mmol L-1. The errors were about 2.5% and 0.6% for peak area and migration time, respectively. The maximum current tested was about 180 mA, which covers most capillary electrophoresis applications. This system has been successfully used for several months, maintaining the desired level of performance.

  7. Radio-frequency powered glow discharge device and method with high voltage interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duckworth, Douglas C. (Knoxville, TN); Marcus, R. Kenneth (Clemson, SC); Donohue, David L. (Vienna, AT); Lewis, Trousdale A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1994-01-01

    A high voltage accelerating potential, which is supplied by a high voltage direct current power supply, is applied to the electrically conducting interior wall of an RF powered glow discharge cell. The RF power supply desirably is electrically grounded, and the conductor carrying the RF power to the sample held by the probe is desirably shielded completely excepting only the conductor's terminal point of contact with the sample. The high voltage DC accelerating potential is not supplied to the sample. A high voltage capacitance is electrically connected in series between the sample on the one hand and the RF power supply and an impedance matching network on the other hand. The high voltage capacitance isolates the high DC voltage from the RF electronics, while the RF potential is passed across the high voltage capacitance to the plasma. An inductor protects at least the RF power supply, and desirably the impedance matching network as well, from a short that might occur across the high voltage capacitance. The discharge cell and the probe which holds the sample are configured and disposed to prevent the probe's components, which are maintained at ground potential, from bridging between the relatively low vacuum region in communication with the glow discharge maintained within the cell on the one hand, and the relatively high vacuum region surrounding the probe and cell on the other hand. The probe and cell also are configured and disposed to prevent the probe's components from electrically shorting the cell's components.

  8. Innovation of High Voltage Supply Adjustment Device on Diagnostic X-Ray Machine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Innovation of high voltage supply adjustment device on diagnostic x-ray machine has been carried out. The innovation is conducted by utilizing an electronic circuit as a high voltage adjustment device. Usually a diagnostic x-ray machine utilizes a transformer or an auto-transformer as a high voltage supply adjustment device. A high power diagnostic x-ray machine needs a high power transformer which has big physical dimension. Therefore a box control where the transformer is located has to have big physical dimension. Besides, the price of the transformer is expensive and hardly found in local markets. In this innovation, the transformer is replaced by an electronic circuit. The main component of the electronic circuit is Triac BTA-40. As adjustment device, the triac is controlled by a variable resistor which is coupled by a stepper motor. A step movement of stepper motor varies a value of resistor. The resistor value determines the triac gate voltage. Furthermore the triac will open according to the value of electrical current flowing to the gate. When the gate is open, electrical voltage and current will flow from cathode to anode of the triac. The value of these electrical voltage and current depend on gate open condition. Then this triac output voltage is feed to diagnostic x-ray machine high voltage supply. Therefore the high voltage value of diagnostic x-ray machine is adjusted by the output voltage of the electronic circuit. By using this electronic circuit, the physical dimension of diagnostic x-ray machine box control and the price of the equipment can be reduced. (author)

  9. Living and Working Safely Around High-Voltage Power Lines.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2001-06-01

    High-voltage transmission lines can be just as safe as the electrical wiring in the homes--or just as dangerous. The crucial factor is ourselves: they must learn to behave safely around them. This booklet is a basic safety guide for those who live and work around power lines. It deals primarily with nuisance shocks due to induced voltages, and with potential electric shock hazards from contact with high-voltage lines. References on possible long-term biological effects of transmission lines are shown. In preparing this booklet, the Bonneville Power Administration has drawn on more than 50 years of experience with high-voltage transmission. BPA operates one of the world`s largest networks of long-distance, high-voltage lines. This system has more than 400 substations and about 15,000 miles of transmission lines, almost 4,400 miles of which are operated at 500,000 volts.

  10. High voltage series resonant inverter ion engine screen supply. [SCR series resonant inverter for space applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biess, J. J.; Inouye, L. Y.; Shank, J. H.

    1974-01-01

    A high-voltage, high-power LC series resonant inverter using SCRs has been developed for an Ion Engine Power Processor. The inverter operates within 200-400Vdc with a maximum output power of 2.5kW. The inverter control logic, the screen supply electrical and mechanical characteristics, the efficiency and losses in power components, regulation on the dual feedback principle, the SCR waveforms and the component weight are analyzed. Efficiency of 90.5% and weight density of 4.1kg/kW are obtained.

  11. Bipolar high voltage pulse power generator.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lukeš, Petr; ?lupek, Martin; Babický, Václav; Šunka, Pavel

    Monterey, 2005, s. 44. [IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference/15th./. Portola Plaza Hotel, Monterey, CA, USA (US), 13.06.2005-17.06.2005] R&D Projects: GA AV ?R KSK2043105 Keywords : bipolar * pulse power generator * corona discharge Subject RIV: BL - Plasma and Gas Discharge Physics

  12. Bipolar high voltage pulse power generator.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lukeš, Petr; ?lupek, Martin; Babický, Václav; Šunka, Pavel

    Monterey : IEEE, 2007 - (Maenchen, J.; Schamiloglu, E.), s. 1061-1064 ISBN 0-7803-9190-X. [IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference/15th./. Portola Plaza Hotel, Monterey (US), 13.06.2005-17.06.2005] R&D Projects: GA AV ?R KSK2043105 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20430508 Keywords : bipolar * pulse power generator * corona discharge Subject RIV: BL - Plasma and Gas Discharge Physics

  13. 30 CFR 75.812-2 - High-voltage power centers and transformers; record of examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false High-voltage power centers and transformers; record of...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Underground High-Voltage Distribution § 75.812-2 High-voltage power centers and transformers; record...

  14. High voltage, magnetically switched pulsed power systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The principles of magnetic switching are briefly described. Then the results of experiments on the following substantive topics for magnetic switching are presented: material properties and how they relate to switch performance, risetime limitations, and core insulation. Magnetic switching is then evaluated from a system perspective. An idealized pulse power system with 200 kJ or stored energy and a 40 ns output pulse is examined. The multi-megavolt electrical insulation requirements impose limitations on the switches. The cost of the magnetically switched system exceeds the cost of the conventional superpower generator system by up to 75%. The potential for reliability, reproducibility, and repetitive pulse capability must be evaluated for each application to offset the increased cost

  15. Electric Power Generation and Storage Using a High Voltage Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Bolund, Björn

    2006-01-01

    Production and consumption of electricity have grown enormously during the last century. No mater what the primary source of energy is, almost all generation of electricity comes from conversion of a rotational movement in a generator. The aim of this thesis is to see how high voltage technology influence production and storage of electricity. Power flow in the generators used to convert mechanical movement to electric energy is analyzed using Poynting‘s vector. The impact of new generator te...

  16. Advances in high voltage power switching with GTOs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The control of high voltage at high power, particularly opening switches, has been difficult in the past. Using gate turnoff thyristors (GTOs) arranged in series enables large currents to be switched at high voltage. The authors report a high voltage opening switch has been successfully demonstrated. This switch uses GTOs in series and successfully operates at voltages higher than the rated voltage of the individual devices. It is believed that this is the first time this has been successfully demonstrated, in that GTOs have been operated in series before, but always in a manner as to not exceed the voltage capability of the individual devices. In short, the devices have not worked together, sharing the voltage, but one device has been operated using several backup devices. Of particular interest is how well the individual devices share the voltage applied to them. Equal voltage sharing between devices is absolutely essential, in order to not exceed the voltage rating of any of the devices in the series chain. This is accomplished at high (microsecond) switching speeds. Thus, the system is useful for high frequency applications as well as high power, making for a flexible circuit system element. This demonstration system is rated at 5 KV and uses 1 KV devices. A larger 24 KV system is under design and will use 4.5 KV devices. In order to design the 24 KV switch, the safe operating area of the large devices must be known thoroughly

  17. 30 CFR 75.812 - Movement of high-voltage power centers and portable transformers; permit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...Distribution § 75.812 Movement of high-voltage power centers and portable transformers... [Statutory Provisions] Power centers and portable...be kept of such examinations. High-voltage cables, other than trailing...

  18. Technological Aspects: High Voltage

    CERN Document Server

    Faircloth, D C

    2013-01-01

    This paper covers the theory and technological aspects of high-voltage design for ion sources. Electric field strengths are critical to understanding high-voltage breakdown. The equations governing electric fields and the techniques to solve them are discussed. The fundamental physics of high-voltage breakdown and electrical discharges are outlined. Different types of electrical discharges are catalogued and their behaviour in environments ranging from air to vacuum are detailed. The importance of surfaces is discussed. The principles of designing electrodes and insulators are introduced. The use of high-voltage platforms and their relation to system design are discussed. The use of commercially available high-voltage technology such as connectors, feedthroughs and cables are considered. Different power supply technologies and their procurement are briefly outlined. High-voltage safety, electric shocks and system design rules are covered.

  19. 75 FR 17529 - High-Voltage Continuous Mining Machine Standard for Underground Coal Mines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-06

    ...switch grounds the power conductors of the high-voltage trailing cable. MSHA understands...use of shielded, high-voltage cables that supply power to permissible...5) Shielded high-voltage cables supplying power to...

  20. 30 CFR 56.12071 - Movement or operation of equipment near high-voltage power lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...Movement or operation of equipment near high-voltage power lines. 56.12071 Section 56...Movement or operation of equipment near high-voltage power lines. When equipment must be moved or operated near energized high-voltage powerlines (other than trolley...

  1. Solid State High Voltage Supply for EB and X-Ray Generators.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Zoba?, Martin; Vl?ek, Ivan

    2009-01-01

    Ro?. 44, 5-6 (2009), s. 73-75. ISSN 0861-4717 R&D Projects: GA AV ?R KAN300100702 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20650511 Keywords : high voltage supply * electron beam generator * x-ray generator Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering

  2. Alarm radiation dosimeter with improved integrating pulse ionization chamber and high voltage supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An alarm dosimeter is described which features an improved integrating pulse ionization chamber of the type containing an hermetically sealed gas diode. Improved operation and miniaturization of the chamber are made possible by a ringing choke converter high voltage supply having a ripple-type output that insures discharge of the gas diode. (author)

  3. High voltage insulation of bushing for HTS power equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Woo-Jin; Choi, Jae-Hyeong; Kim, Sang-Hyun

    2012-12-01

    For the operation of high temperature superconducting (HTS) power equipments, it is necessary to develop insulating materials and high voltage (HV) insulation technology at cryogenic temperature of bushing. Liquid nitrogen (LN2) is an attractive dielectric liquid. Also, the polymer insulating materials are expected to be used as solid materials such as glass fiber reinforced plastic (GFRP), polytetra-fluoroethylene (PTFE, Teflon), Silicon (Si) rubber, aromatic polyamide (Nomex), EPDM/Silicon alloy compound (EPDM/Si). In this paper, the surface flashover characteristics of various insulating materials in LN2 are studied. These results are studied at both AC and impulse voltage under a non-uniform field. The use of GFRP and Teflon as insulation body for HTS bushing should be much desirable. Especially, GFRP is excellent material not only surface flashover characteristics but also mechanical characteristics at cryogenic temperature. The surface flashover is most serious problem for the shed design in LN2 and operation of superconducting equipments.

  4. Environmental impacts of high voltage power lines and stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environmental pollution due to high voltage power lines and stations (over 400 kV) shows up in several ways: high frequency (radio and TV range) radio waves; sound pollution (noises); various direct and indirect effects on living beings; aestethic pollution. The indirect effects of electromagnetic field may result in inducing high electric potential to earth insulated objects as cars, shelters and farming equipment, fencing, etc. which on human touch lead to discharge currents which only disappear by interrupting the contact. At high currents, due to muscle contraction, the man often cannot release the touched object, hence serious or even lethal accidents may happen. In depth analysis of such phenomena is possible by separating the electric and magnetic field effects. We shall concentrate on the electric field since the magnetic field effects are much less significant. 6 refs

  5. High-Voltage, Low-Power BNC Feedthrough Terminator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bearden, Douglas

    2012-01-01

    This innovation is a high-voltage, lowpower BNC (Bayonet Neill-Concelman) feedthrough that enables the user to terminate an instrumentation cable properly while connected to a high voltage, without the use of a voltage divider. This feedthrough is low power, which will not load the source, and will properly terminate the instrumentation cable to the instrumentation, even if the cable impedance is not constant. The Space Shuttle Program had a requirement to measure voltage transients on the orbiter bus through the Ground Lightning Measurement System (GLMS). This measurement has a bandwidth requirement of 1 MHz. The GLMS voltage measurement is connected to the orbiter through a DC panel. The DC panel is connected to the bus through a nonuniform cable that is approximately 75 ft (approximately equal to 23 m) long. A 15-ft (approximately equal to 5-m), 50-ohm triaxial cable is connected between the DC panel and the digitizer. Based on calculations and simulations, cable resonances and reflections due to mismatched impedances of the cable connecting the orbiter bus and the digitizer causes the output not to reflect accurately what is on the bus. A voltage divider at the DC panel, and terminating the 50-ohm cable properly, would eliminate this issue. Due to implementation issues, an alternative design was needed to terminate the cable properly without the use of a voltage divider. Analysis shows how the cable resonances and reflections due to the mismatched impedances of the cable connecting the orbiter bus and the digitizer causes the output not to reflect accurately what is on the bus. After simulating a dampening circuit located at the digitizer, simulations were performed to show how the cable resonances were dampened and the accuracy was improved significantly. Test cables built to verify simulations were accurate. Since the dampening circuit is low power, it can be packaged in a BNC feedthrough.

  6. High Power, High Voltage Electric Power System for Electric Propulsion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aintablian, Harry; Kirkham, Harold; Timmerman, Paul

    2006-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of the 30 KW, 600 V MRHE power subsystem. Descriptions of the power subsystem elements, the mode of power transfer, and power and mass estimates are presented. A direct-drive architecture for electric propulsion is considered which reduces mass and complexity. Solar arrays with concentrators are used for increased efficiency. Finally, the challenges due to the environment of a hypothetical lunar mission as well as due to the advanced technologies considered are outlined.

  7. An Integrated Chip High-Voltage Power Receiver for Wireless Biomedical Implants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijith Vijayakumaran Nair

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In near-field wireless-powered biomedical implants, the receiver voltage largely overrides the compliance of low-voltage power receiver systems. To limit the induced voltage, generally, low-voltage topologies utilize limiter circuits, voltage clippers or shunt regulators, which are power-inefficient methods. In order to overcome the voltage limitation and improve power efficiency, we propose an integrated chip high-voltage power receiver based on the step down approach. The topology accommodates voltages as high as 30 V and comprises a high-voltage semi-active rectifier, a voltage reference generator and a series regulator. Further, a battery management circuit that enables safe and reliable implant battery charging based on analog control is proposed and realized. The power receiver is fabricated in 0.35-?m high-voltage Bipolar-CMOS-DMOStechnology based on the LOCOS0.35-?m CMOS process. Measurement results indicate 83.5% power conversion efficiency for a rectifier at 2.1 mA load current. The low drop-out regulator based on the current buffer compensation and buffer impedance attenuation scheme operates with low quiescent current, reduces the power consumption and provides good stability. The topology also provides good power supply rejection, which is adequate for the design application. Measurement results indicate regulator output of 4 ± 0.03 V for input from 5 to 30 V and 10 ± 0.05 V output for input from 11 to 30 V with load current 0.01–100 mA. The charger circuit manages the charging of the Li-ion battery through all if the typical stages of the Li-ion battery charging profile.

  8. Fast Decoupled Power Flow for Power System with High Voltage Direct Current Transmission Line System

    OpenAIRE

    Prechanon Kumkratug

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement: High voltage direct current transmission line system has been widely applied for control power flow in power system. The power flow analysis was the one of powerful tools by which the power system equipped was analyzed both for planning and operation strategies. Approach: This study presented the method to analyze power flow of power system consisted of HVDC system. HVDC was modeled as the complex power injections. The presented complex power injected was incorporated into ...

  9. The system of high-voltage power PMT for experiments at the JINR Nuclotron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An 8-channel high-voltage power system based on the use of the module «Wenzel Elektronik N1130» is described. Specifications of control modules 8DAC-12 and 8ADC-14 designed for the high-voltage systems in CAMAC standard are presented. This system is designed to provide the power for the detectors used in physics experiments at the JINR Nuclotron.

  10. Improvement of Routine Test Process of High Voltage Power Capacitors

    OpenAIRE

    Vennerberg, Patrik

    2009-01-01

    The capacitor test process at ABB Capacitors in Ludvika must be improved to meet future demands for high voltage products. To find a solution to how to improve the test process, an investigation was performed to establish which parts of the process are used and how they operate. Several parts which can improves the process were identified. One of them was selected to be improved in correlation with the subject, mechanical engineering. Four concepts were generated and decision matrixes were us...

  11. Mathematical Study of very High Voltage Power Networks III: The Optimal AC Power Flow Problem

    OpenAIRE

    Bonnans, J. Frederic

    1997-01-01

    This paper shows how to apply the perturbation theory for nonlinear programming problems to the study of the optimal power flow problem. The latter is the problem of minimizing losses of active power over a very high voltage power networks. In this paper, the inverse of the reference voltage of the network is viewed as a small parameter. We call this scheme the very high voltage approximation. After some proper scaling, it is possible to formulate a limiting problem, that does not satisfy the...

  12. Spatial and temporal instabilities in high voltage power devices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milady, Saeed

    2010-01-29

    Dynamic avalanche can occur during the turn-off process of high voltage bipolar devices, e.g. IGBTs and p{sup +}n{sup -}n{sup +} power diodes, that may result in spatial instabilities of the homogeneous current density distribution across the device and the formation of current filaments. Filaments may cause the destruction of the device, mainly because of the high local temperatures. The first part of this work is dedicated to the current filament behavior. The positive feedback mechanisms caused by the transient current flow through the gate capacitance of an IGBT operating under short circuit conditions may result in oscillations and temporal instabilities of the IGBT current. The oscillations may cause electromagnetic interference (EMI). Furthermore, the positive feedback mechanism may accelerate the over-heating of the device and result in a thermal run-away. This is the subject of the second part of this work. In the first part of this work using the device simulation results of power diodes the underlying physical mechanisms of the filament dynamic is investigated. Simulation results of diode structures with evenly distributed doping inhomogeneities show that, the filament motion gets smoother as the distance between the inhomogeneities decreases. Hopping to faraway inhomogeneities turns into the hopping to neighboring ones and finally a smooth motion. In homogeneous structures the slow inhibitory effect of the electron-hole plasma extraction and the fast activation, due to hole current flowing along the filament, result in a smooth filament motion. An analytical model for the filament velocity under isothermal conditions is presented that can reproduce the simulation data satisfactorily. The influence of the boundary conditions on the filament behavior is discussed. The positive beveled edge termination prohibits a long stay of the filament at the edge reducing the risk of filament pinning. Self-heating effects may turn the initially electrically triggered avalanche filament into a thermally one. In contrast to the avalanche induced filaments, the thermally generated filaments are pinned because of the self-heating leading in the destruction of the device by thermal run-away. In the second part of this work the transient behavior of the IGBT under short-circuit operations is considered. A simple small-signal model shows that, even without considering stray inductances or the interaction of parallel devices, oscillations and unstable behavior of the IGBT current are possible. The criteria for oscillation and their dependence on parameters of the device and external circuit are derived. The apparent negative gate capacitance is the result of the current feedback through the Miller capacitance. For the proposed model instability occurs only if the input capacitance becomes negative. The stable operation range can be determined using the AC small-signal device simulation results (frequency-domain analysis under small-signal conditions). These results can be considered as design criteria to avoid instabilities.

  13. DYNAMICS OF HIGH-VOLTAGE PLASTIC-INSULATED POWER CABLE HEATING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.M. Zolotaryov

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Results of power cable capacity computations for the voltage of 220 kV are analyzed. The work deals with developing a current rating computation system for high-voltage cross-linked polyethylene power cables.

  14. ac/dc pulse power conversion from high voltage network to JET loads

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The overall ac/dc conversion equipment for the Joint European Torus (JET) experiment has a pulse power rating of about 1 GW, making it one of the largest dc installations in the world. Considering that the peak power of various loads do not coincide and assuming that one Flywheel-Motor-Generator will be used for the poloidal field load, the remaining power to be supplied from the mains is about 500 MW. A high voltage (e.g., 400 kV) interconnected network of large generating capacity and with an appropriate (500 MW) pulse load capability is available at several prospective JET sites. The maximum values allowed for reactive power, voltage drop and distortion are fixed by the local Electricity Authority and play major roles for the layout and design of the JET static power supply system. This paper deals with the design philosophy of the Toroidal Field power supply and the problems concerning the step down transformer, the filtering of harmonics and the interference between loads

  15. Wireless power transfer and fault diagnosis of high-voltage power line via robotic bird

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chunhua; Chau, K. T.; Zhang, Zhen; Qiu, Chun; Li, Wenlong; Ching, T. W.

    2015-05-01

    This paper presents a new idea of wireless power transfer (WPT) and fault diagnosis (FD) of high-voltage power line via robotic bird. The key is to present the conceptual robotic bird with WPT coupling coil for detecting and capturing the energy from the high-voltage power line. If the power line works in normal condition, the robotic bird is able to stand on the power line and extract energy from it. If fault occurs on the power line, the corresponding magnetic field distribution will become different from that in the normal situation. By analyzing the magnetic field distribution of the power line, the WPT to the robotic bird and the FD by the robotic bird are performed and verified.

  16. High Power, High Voltage FETs in Linear Applications: A User's Perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The specifications of the current crop of high-power, high-voltage field-effect transistors (FETs) can lure a designer into employing them in high-voltage DC equipment. Devices with extremely low on-resistance and very high power ratings are available from several manufacturers. However, our experience shows that high-voltage, linear operation of these devices at near-continuous duty can present difficult reliability challenges at stress levels well-below their published specifications. This paper chronicles the design evolution of a 600 volt, 8 ampere shunt regulator for use with megawatt-class radio transmitters, and presents a final design that has met its reliability criteria

  17. Review on partial discharge detection techniques related to high voltage power equipment using different sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaacob, M. M.; Alsaedi, M. A.; Rashed, J. R.; Dakhil, A. M.; Atyah, S. F.

    2014-12-01

    When operating an equipment or a power system at the high voltage, problems associated with partial discharge (PD) can be tracked down to electromagnetic emission, acoustic emission or chemical reactions such as the formation of ozone and nitrous oxide gases. The high voltage equipment and high voltage installation owners have come to terms with the need for conditions monitoring the process of PD in the equipments such as power transformers, gas insulated substations (GIS), and cable installations. This paper reviews the available PD detection methods (involving high voltage equipment) such as electrical detection, chemical detection, acoustic detection, and optical detection. Advantages and disadvantages of each method have been explored and compared. The review suggests that optical detection techniques provide many advantages in the consideration of accuracy and suitability for the applications when compared to other techniques.

  18. Offshore Power Transmission :Submarine high voltage transmission alternatives

    OpenAIRE

    Ulsund, Ragnar

    2009-01-01

    Offshore power transmission is becoming an increasingly important issue. To moderate climate change, world leaders have set environmental goals that will be very difficult to reach without renewable power production and the removal of production units with high emissions. Wind power and electrification have been the focus in this report. Plans for the expensive wind power are already moving offshore. This report has made an attempt at suggesting a guideline for well-suited transmissio...

  19. Fast Decoupled Power Flow for Power System with High Voltage Direct Current Transmission Line System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prechanon Kumkratug

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: High voltage direct current transmission line system has been widely applied for control power flow in power system. The power flow analysis was the one of powerful tools by which the power system equipped was analyzed both for planning and operation strategies. Approach: This study presented the method to analyze power flow of power system consisted of HVDC system. HVDC was modeled as the complex power injections. The presented complex power injected was incorporated into the existing power flow program based on fast decoupled method. The presented method was tested on the multimachine power system. Results: The transmission line loss of the system with and without HVDC was compared. Conclusion: From the simulation results, the HVDC can reduce transmission line loss of power system.

  20. High Voltage Power Converter for Large Wind Turbine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sztykiel, Michal

    2014-01-01

    The increasing penetration of the wind energy has resulted in newly planned installations of offshore wind turbines. In order to minimize installation, material and transportation costs of the offshore wind power plants, large multi-MW wind turbine systems are being preferably employed and developed, which allow high power generation of each single unit. Nevertheless, further increase in the power ratings of the newly emerging turbines becomes a major concern related to the operating voltage lev...

  1. Evaluation of high-voltage, high-power, solid-state remote power controllers for amps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callis, Charles P.

    1987-01-01

    The Electrical Power Branch at Marshall Space Flight Center has a Power System Development Facility where various power circuit breadboards are tested and evaluated. This project relates to the evaluation of a particular remote power controller (RPC) energizing high power loads. The Facility equipment permits the thorough testing and evaluation of high-voltage, high-power solid-state remote power controllers. The purpose is to evaluate a Type E, 30 Ampere, 200 V dc remote power controller. Three phases of the RPC evaluation are presented. The RPC is evaluated within a low-voltage, low-power circuit to check its operational capability. The RPC is then evaluated while performing switch/circuit breaker functions within a 200 V dc, 30 Ampere power circuit. The final effort of the project relates to the recommended procedures for installing these RPC's into the existing Autonomously Managed Power System (AMPS) breadboard/test facility at MSFC.

  2. 30 CFR 75.704 - Grounding frames of stationary high-voltage equipment receiving power from ungrounded delta systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Grounding frames of stationary high-voltage...-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Grounding § 75.704 Grounding frames of stationary high-voltage equipment receiving power from ungrounded delta systems. The frames of all stationary high-voltage equipment receiving...

  3. Mathematical study of very high voltage power networks I: The optimal DC power flow problem

    OpenAIRE

    Bonnans, J. Frederic

    1994-01-01

    The optimal power flow problem consists in setting the voltage and power delivered at the nodes of an electrical network, in order to minimize the loss of power over the lines. This paper is the first of a series dedicated to the mathematical study of this problem, based on an asymptotic analysis, in which the small parameter is the inverse of the reference voltage of the network. We call this scheme the very high voltage approximation. Here we deal with the case of direct current. We obtain ...

  4. Topics in high voltage pulsed power plasma devices and applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hao

    Pulsed power technology is one of the tools that is used by scientists and engineers nowadays to produce gas plasmas. The transient ultra high power is able to provide a huge pulse of energy which is sometimes greater than the ionization energy of the gas, and therefore separates the ions and electrons to form the plasma. Sometimes, the pulsed power components themselves are plasma devices. For example, the gas type switches can "turn on" the circuit by creating the plasma channel between the switch electrodes. Mini Back Lighted Thyratron, or as we call it, mini-BLT, is one of these gas type plasma switches. The development of the reduced size and weight "mini-BLT" is presented in this dissertation. Based on the operation characteristics testing of the mini-BLT, suggestions of optimizing the design of the switch are proposed. All the factors such as the geometry of the hollow electrodes and switch housing, the gas condition, the optical triggering source, etc. are necessary to consider when we design and operate the mini-BLT. By reducing the diameter of the cylindrical gas path between the electrodes in the BLT, a novel high density plasma source is developed, producing the plasma in the "squeezed" capillary. The pulsed power generator, of course, is inevitably used to provide the ionization energy for hydrogen gas sealed in the capillary. Plasma diagnostics are necessarily analyzed and presented in detail to properly complete and understand the capillary plasma. This high density plasma source (1019 cm-3) has the potential applications in the plasma wakefield accelerator. The resonant oscillation behavior of the particles in plasmas allows for dynamically generated accelerating electric fields that have orders of magnitude larger than those available in the conventional RF accelerators. Finally, the solid state switches are introduced as a comparison to the gas type switch. Pulsed power circuit topologies such as the Marx Bank, magnetic pulse compression and diode opening are used to accomplish the pulse generator design. Their applications for the transient plasma car engine combustion and bio-medical skin cancer cell treatments are also introduced.

  5. High Voltage Power Converter for Large Wind Turbine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sztykiel, Michal

    2014-01-01

    The increasing penetration of the wind energy has resulted in newly planned installations of offshore wind turbines. In order to minimize installation, material and transportation costs of the offshore wind power plants, large multi-MW wind turbine systems are being preferably employed and developed, which allow high power generation of each single unit. Nevertheless, further increase in the power ratings of the newly emerging turbines becomes a major concern related to the operating voltage level. In order to accommodate larger powers, presently employed low voltage (690 V) systems already require multi-parallel converter and filter modules, which increase the overall complexity. In this thesis, a concept for the medium voltage wind turbine is examined and evaluated, where voltage increase is dictated by the removal of the step-up transformer. As a result, an entire wind turbine electrical system operates at 20 kV level - identical as for the collector distribution network. Medium voltage operation allows the converter unit along with the filter to be installed on the base platform inside the tower. In this manner, more space in the nacelle can be flexibly accommodated by the mechanical parts. Due to limited voltage level of the generator insulation system (15 kV) along with the increasing grid integration requirements, special care has been made over the search for optimal full-scale power converter circuitry, which additionally has to compensate voltage differences between the generator-side and a grid-side. Three converter topologies with different conversion philosophies have been introduced (A, B and C), their performance examined and eventually compared with the conventional low voltage system. System A is a back-to-back MMC converter, which is commonly used in HVDC application. System B consists of the generator-side 2-level converter, DC/DC boost unit and a grid-side NPC-3L converter. System C is made of a seriesconnected full-bridge cells on the generator-side, and a grid-side NPC-5L converter. The performance of the proposed topologies is analyzed both under the normal and fault operation. In normal operation, medium and low voltage converter topologies are compared with regard to the efficiency and the required amount of silicon material in the semiconductor switches. In fault operation, maximum temporary ratings of the collector feeder components are compared also for different grounding schemes, which impact is the result of the removed step-up transformer. Finally, the ground fault detection scheme for feeder cable system is proposed - with the usage of current differential relay. Due to lack of the galvanic separation between the wind turbines and the feeder cable sections, careful investigation for the relay selective operation has been made, which distinguishes ground faults located at the wind turbine terminals from faults within the protected cables. The obtained results from the computer simulations in EMTDC/PSCAD software show, that the best performance has been achieved by the transformer-less turbine with a back-to-back modular multilevel converter (MMC) topology, which is single grounded only through its DC link common-mode point. It has also occurred that the results derived from losses and short circuit analyses have become advantageous over the equivalent conventional system consisting of low voltage wind turbines equipped with the step up transformer.

  6. Insulation co-ordination in high-voltage electric power systems

    CERN Document Server

    Diesendorf, W

    2015-01-01

    Insulation Co-ordination in High-Voltage Electric Power Systems deals with the methods of insulation needed in different circumstances. The book covers topics such as overvoltages and lightning surges; disruptive discharge and withstand voltages; self-restoring and non-self-restoring insulation; lightning overvoltages on transmission lines; and the attenuation and distortion of lightning surges. Also covered in the book are topics such as the switching surge designs of transmission lines, as well as the insulation coordination of high-voltage stations. The text is recommended for electrical en

  7. Transient Voltage Overshoots of High Voltage ESD Protections Based on Bipolar Transistors in Smart Power Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Delmas, Antoine; Gendron, Amaury; Bafleur, Marise; Nolhier, Nicolas; Gill, Chai

    2010-01-01

    Transient voltage overshoots of a high voltage (20 V) ESD clamp based on bipolar transistors in a smart power technology are studied using different TLP pulse conditions (rise time, voltage amplitude). The physical mechanisms involved during the ESD clamp turn-on are thoroughly analyzed by the mean of TCAD simulations, allowing the definition of a set of design guidelines for the overshoot reduction.

  8. Impulse Tests for a Composite Solid Insulator for High Voltage Superconducting Power Applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High voltage insulation in cryogenic environment is one of big issues for development of superconducting power application, such as superconducting fault current limiter, transformer, transmission cable, and so on. We had proposed a composite solid insulator composed of plastics and polymer insulation sheets for a use of high voltage superconducting power applications. It is well known that the G10 FRP keeps its mechanical strength at very low temperature and the PPLP is very good insulator adopted as insulations for superconducting transmission cables. The composition of these two materials will show very good electrical and mechanical properties adequate for the insulation components of superconducting power applications, such as bushing, insulation barrier, and even for a cryostat. Dielectric strengths of prepared samples were measured at the temperature of boiling point of liquid nitrogen at atmospheric pressure, which will be presented in this paper to show a usefulness of this technique.

  9. 30 CFR 77.703 - Grounding frames of stationary high-voltage equipment receiving power from ungrounded delta systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Grounding frames of stationary high-voltage equipment receiving power from ungrounded delta systems. 77.703 Section 77.703 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY... stationary high-voltage equipment receiving power from ungrounded delta systems. The frames of all...

  10. Increased deposition of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) under an AC high-voltage power line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Öberg, Tomas; Peltola, Pasi

    2009-12-01

    There is considerable public concern regarding the potential risks to health of electromagnetic fields in general and high-voltage power lines in particular. As epidemiological findings are not supported by a clearly defined mechanism of direct magnetic field interactions with the human body, potential indirect effects are of interest. It has been suggested that an increased exposure to chemical pollutants could occur near high-voltage power lines due to formation and deposition of charged aerosols. The current study reports empirical evidence that seems to support this hypothesis. The deposition of 18 congeners of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was studied by collecting samples of pine needles under a 400 kV AC power line and at reference sites in the vicinity. Compared to the reference sites, the average deposition of PCB congeners under the power line was almost double. This difference between the two groups of samples was statistically significant. While it is premature to draw any conclusions regarding the human exposure near high-voltage power lines, the issue deserves attention and further investigations.

  11. A high-voltage modulator for high-power RF source research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the design, construction, and operating results of a high-voltage modulator system capable of generating 700-kV, 2.5-?s pulses at 5 pps into a load of 900 ?. The modulator is used to energize a variety of high-power microwave devices requiring voltage stability and reproducibility. Voltage ripple is less than 0.2% during the 1.0-?s flat top, with a shot-to-shot voltage variation of less than 0.1%. The primary circuit consists of two seven-stage tunable Rayleigh- type pulse-forming networks (PFN's) connected in parallel with a total impedance of 2.25 ?, a total capacitance of 0.56 ?F, and a total inductance of 2.8 ?H. The PFN is charged by a highly stable 80-kV capacitor charging power supply (0.1% rms voltage ripple) at a rate of 10 kJ/s. The total energy stored (1.5 kJ) is released through an ITT F-187 thyratron into a 20:1 pulse transformer, which generates 700- kV, 2.5-1 ?s pulses. By changing the transformer, we have also obtained 250-kV, 1.7-kA pulses for driving low-impedance relativistic magnetron diodes. The flat-top voltage generated by the modulator is highly desirable for driving RF sources requiring high quality electron beams, such as free-electron lasers (FEL) and cyclotron auto-resonance masers (CARM). The modulator performance in our relativistic magnetron and CARM experiments is described

  12. A Study on Gas Insulation Characteristics for Design Optimization of High Voltage Power Apparatus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, I. S.; Kim, M. K.; Seo, K. S.; Moon, I. W.; Choi, C. K. [Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-12-01

    This study aim of obtaining the basic data for gas insulation in the high voltage apparatus and for investigating the breakdown characteristics in uniform field and non-uniform which the geometric construction in the practical power apparatus. In this study, the research results on the insulation technology published earlier are reviewed and the basic data for an optimum design of a high voltage apparatus are obtained thorough the experiment and computer simulation by using a uniform field. The main result are summarized as follows: (A) Investigation on the insulation technology in a large-capacity power apparatus. (B) Investigation on the breakdown characteristics in particle contaminated condition. (C) Investigation on the design in computer simulation. (D) Investigation on the simulation technology of breakdown characteristics. (E) Investigation on breakdown characteristics in the nonuniform field and experiment. (author). refs., figs., tabs.

  13. High voltage characteristics of the electrodynamic tether and the generation of power and propulsion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, P. R.

    1986-01-01

    The Tethered Satellite System (TSS) will deploy and retrieve a satellite from the Space Shuttle orbiter with a tether of up to 100 km in length attached between the satellite and the orbiter. The characteristics of the TSS which are related to high voltages, electrical currents, energy storage, power, and the generation of plasma waves are described. A number of specific features of the tether system of importance in assessing the operational characteristics of the electrodynamic TSS are identified.

  14. The DT-SJMOSFET : a new power MOSFET strucure for high-voltage applications

    OpenAIRE

    Theolier, Loic; Morancho, Frédéric; Isoird, Karine; Mahfoz-Kotb, Hicham; Tranduc, Henri

    2009-01-01

    New hybrid vehicles will probably use high voltage batteries (150 to 200 Volts). For these future automotive applications, the development of 600 Volts power MOSFET switches exhibiting low on-resistance is desired. The "Deep Trench SuperJunction" MOSFET (DT-SJMOSFET) is one of the new candidates. In this paper, a comparative theoretical study, using 2D simulations, shows that the DT-SJMOSFET should be a challenger to the conventional SJMOSFET in terms of "specific on-resistance / breakdown vo...

  15. Test Results from a Simulated High Voltage Lunar Power Transmission Line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birchenough, Arthur; Hervol, David

    2008-01-01

    The Alternator Test Unit (ATU) in the Lunar Power System Facility (LPSF) located at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) in Cleveland, OH was modified to simulate high voltage transmission capability. The testbed simulated a 1 km transmission cable length from the ATU to the LPSF using resistors and inductors installed between the distribution transformers. Power factor correction circuitry was used to compensate for the reactance of the distribution system to improve the overall power factor. This test demonstrated that a permanent magnet alternator can successfully provide high frequency AC power to a lunar facility located at a distance.

  16. Test Results From a Simulated High-Voltage Lunar Power Transmission Line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birchenough, Arthur; Hervol, David

    2008-01-01

    The Alternator Test Unit (ATU) in the Lunar Power System Facility (LPSF) located at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) in Cleveland, Ohio was modified to simulate high-voltage transmission capability. The testbed simulated a 1 km transmission cable length from the ATU to the LPSF using resistors and inductors installed between the distribution transformers. Power factor correction circuitry was used to compensate for the reactance of the distribution system to improve the overall power factor. This test demonstrated that a permanent magnet alternator can successfully provide high-frequency ac power to a lunar facility located at a distance.

  17. The investigation of an electric arc in the long cylindrical channel of the powerful high-voltage AC plasma torch

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The comparison of conductivity obtained in experiments with calculated values is made in this paper. Powerful stationary plasma torches with prolonged period of continuous work are popular for modern plasmachemical applications. The maximum electrode lifetime with the minimum erosion can be reached while working on rather low currents. Meanwhile it is required to provide voltage arc drop for the high power achievement. Electric field strength in the arc column of the high-voltage plasma torch, using air as a plasma-forming gas, does not exceed 15 V/cm. It is possible to obtain the high voltage drop in the long arc stabilized in the channel by the intensive gas flow under given conditions. Models of high voltage plasma torches with rod electrodes with power up to 50 kW have been developed and investigated. The plasma torch arcs are burning in cylindrical channels. Present investigations are directed at studying the possibility of developing long arc plasma torches with higher power. The advantage of AC power supplies usage is the possibility of the loss minimization due to the reactive power compensation. The theoretical maximum of voltage arc drop for power supplies with inductive current limitations is about 50 % of the no-load voltage for a single-phase circuit and about 30 % for the three-phase circuit. Burning of intensively blown arcs in the long cylindrical channel using the AC power supply with 10 kV no-load voltage is experimentally investigated in the work. Voltage drops close to the maximum possible had been reached in the examined arcs in single-phase and three-phase modes. Operating parameters for single-phase mode were: current ?30 A, voltage drop ?5 kV, air flow rate 35 g/s; for three-phase mode: current (40–85) A, voltage drop (2.5–3.2) kV, air flow rate (60–100) g/s. Arc length in the installations exceeded 2 m.

  18. Optical sensing in high voltage transmission lines using power over fiber and free space optics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosolem, João Batista; Bassan, Fabio Renato; Penze, Rivael Strobel; Leonardi, Ariovaldo Antonio; Fracarolli, João Paulo Vicentini; Floridia, Claudio

    2015-12-01

    In this work we propose the use of power over fiber (PoF) and free space optics (FSO) techniques to powering and receive signals from an electrical current sensor placed at high voltage potential using a pair of optical collimators. The technique evaluation was performed in a laboratorial prototype using 62.5/125 ?m multimode fiber to study the sensitivity of the optical alignment and the influence of the collimation process in the sensing system wavelengths: data communication (1310 nm) and powering (830 nm). The collimators were installed in a rigid electric insulator in order to maintain the stability of transmission.

  19. On-site Testing and PD Diagnosis of High Voltage Power Cables:

    OpenAIRE

    Gulski, E.; Cichecki, P.; Wester, F.; Smit, J.J.; Bodega, R.; Hermans, T.J.W.H.; Seitz, P.P.; Quak, B.; de Vries, F

    2008-01-01

    In addition to after-laying of new-installed high voltage (HV) power cables the use of on-site non-destructive on-site testing and diagnosis of service aged power cables is becoming an important issue to determine the actual condition of the cable systems and to determine the future performances. In this paper based on field experience an overview is presented on on-site testing and partial discharge diagnosis of HV power cables with regard to on-site testing methods: energizing, diagnostic a...

  20. Repetitive plasma opening switch for powerful high-voltage pulse generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results are presented of experimental studies of plasma opening switches that serve to sharpen the pulses of inductive microsecond high-voltage pulse generators. It is demonstrated that repetitive plasma opening switches can be used to create super-powerful generators operating in a quasi-continuous regime. An erosion switching mechanism and the problem of magnetic insulation in repetitive switches are considered. Achieving super-high peak power in plasma switches makes it possible to develop new types of high-power generators of electron beams and X radiation. Possible implementations and the efficiency of these generators are discussed

  1. High-frequency high-voltage high-power DC-to-DC converters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, T. G.; Owen, H. A.; Wilson, P. M.

    1982-01-01

    A simple analysis of the current and voltage waveshapes associated with the power transistor and the power diode in an example current-or-voltage step-up (buck-boost) converter is presented. The purpose of the analysis is to provide an overview of the problems and design trade-offs which must be addressed as high-power high-voltage converters are operated at switching frequencies in the range of 100 kHz and beyond. Although the analysis focuses on the current-or-voltage step-up converter as the vehicle for discussion, the basic principles presented are applicable to other converter topologies as well.

  2. The HL-2A tokamak power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The HL-2A tokamak power supply is presented. Three flywheel motor-generator (MG) sets with several converters and high voltage power supplies are used for the magnetic coils and the auxiliary heating. The peak power of the power supply system is 300 MVA and the released energy is 1200 MJ per shot. A new control system is implemented. Some experimental results are presented and discussed briefly. (authors)

  3. High Voltage Design Guide summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobbs, Bill; Tarvin, Christina; Dunbar, W. G.

    A summary is presented of the work completed on the High Voltage Design Guide developed for the US Air Force Materials Lab. The design guide presents information on fields, materials and processes, component selection, packaging, manufacturing and testing. Formulas and empirical equations are shown for typical high-voltage electrode configurations found in electrical equipment. A designer using these empirical formulas and the field plotting methods shown can locate maximum field stresses within electrical insulation systems. Then the proper dielectrics can be selected for the development of high-quality, long-life power supplies.

  4. Modular high-voltage bias generator powered by dual-looped self-adaptive wireless power transmission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Kai; Huang, An-Feng; Li, Xiao-Ping; Guo, Shi-Zhong; Zhang, Han-Lu

    2015-04-01

    We proposed a modular high-voltage (HV) bias generator powered by a novel transmitter-sharing inductive coupled wireless power transmission technology, aimed to extend the generator's flexibility and configurability. To solve the problems caused through an uncertain number of modules, a dual-looped self-adaptive control method is proposed that is capable of tracking resonance frequency while maintaining a relatively stable induction voltage for each HV module. The method combines a phase-locked loop and a current feedback loop, which ensures an accurate resonance state and a relatively constant boost ratio for each module, simplifying the architecture of the boost stage and improving the total efficiency. The prototype was built and tested. The input voltage drop of each module is less than 14% if the module number varies from 3 to 10; resonance tracking is completed within 60 ms. The efficiency of the coupling structure reaches up to 95%, whereas the total efficiency approaches 73% for a rated output. Furthermore, this technology can be used in various multi-load wireless power supply applications.

  5. Modular high-voltage bias generator powered by dual-looped self-adaptive wireless power transmission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Kai; Huang, An-Feng; Li, Xiao-Ping; Guo, Shi-Zhong; Zhang, Han-Lu

    2015-04-01

    We proposed a modular high-voltage (HV) bias generator powered by a novel transmitter-sharing inductive coupled wireless power transmission technology, aimed to extend the generator's flexibility and configurability. To solve the problems caused through an uncertain number of modules, a dual-looped self-adaptive control method is proposed that is capable of tracking resonance frequency while maintaining a relatively stable induction voltage for each HV module. The method combines a phase-locked loop and a current feedback loop, which ensures an accurate resonance state and a relatively constant boost ratio for each module, simplifying the architecture of the boost stage and improving the total efficiency. The prototype was built and tested. The input voltage drop of each module is less than 14% if the module number varies from 3 to 10; resonance tracking is completed within 60 ms. The efficiency of the coupling structure reaches up to 95%, whereas the total efficiency approaches 73% for a rated output. Furthermore, this technology can be used in various multi-load wireless power supply applications. PMID:25933880

  6. Audio-frequency noise emissions from high-voltage overhead power lines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article discusses the noise-emissions caused by high-voltage overhead power lines that can occur under certain atmospheric conditions. These emissions, caused by electric discharges around the conductors, can achieve disturbing values, depending on the conditions prevailing at the time in question. The causes of the discharges are examined and the ionisation processes involved are looked at. The parameters influencing the discharges are discussed and measures that can be taken to reduce such audio-frequency emissions are looked at. The authors note that a reduction of peripheral field strengths can reduce emissions and that hydrophilic coatings can lead to faster reduction of such effects after rainfall

  7. Modeling of Eddy Current losses of the high voltage winding of power transformers for transient studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the most suitable models for studying the electromagnetic transient behavior of the high voltage winding of the power transformers is the detailed model. This model consists of inductive and capacitive effects as well as the Eddy Current and dielectric losses in the form of lumped parameters. The losses have significant effects on the damping of transient over voltages. In this paper, the Eddy Current losses are expressed by a matrix which its elements satisfy the proximity effects and skin effects precisely. The matrix is calculated at low frequency by the finite element method and then generalized to the high frequencies. Simulations are presented for illustration and validation

  8. High voltage engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Rizk, Farouk AM

    2014-01-01

    Inspired by a new revival of worldwide interest in extra-high-voltage (EHV) and ultra-high-voltage (UHV) transmission, High Voltage Engineering merges the latest research with the extensive experience of the best in the field to deliver a comprehensive treatment of electrical insulation systems for the next generation of utility engineers and electric power professionals. The book offers extensive coverage of the physical basis of high-voltage engineering, from insulation stress and strength to lightning attachment and protection and beyond. Presenting information critical to the design, selec

  9. High voltage power lines in Italy: Quantitation of exposure and health risk evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Italy, as in most developed countries, a lively debate has been raised in the last years on possible long-term health effects of exposure to power frequency magnetic fields. Though the exposure is quite ubiquitous, due to the large presence of electric sources in any domestic, work, and urban environment, most of the concern regards fields generated by overhead high-voltage lines. Several epidemiological studies have in fact indicated an increase of cancer, in particular childhood leukaemia, within the population residing near power lines. The quantitative evaluation of the health risk associated with power lines is obviously of crucial importance, in particular for decision makers, in view of the future development of the electric network. Reliable data on the dimension of the health impact of power lines may in fact help in finding some consensus between the Authorities and the general public, and hopefully to overcome the present controversies

  10. High voltage fast switches for nuclear applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    SILVA process consists in a selective ionization of the 235 uranium isotope, using laser beams generated by dye lasers pumped by copper vapour laser (C.V.L.). SILVA involves power electronic for 3 power supplies: - copper vapour laser power supply, - extraction power supply to generate the electric field in the vapour, and - electron beam power supply for vapour generation. This article reviews the main switches that are proposed on the market or are on development and that could be used in SILVA power supplies. The SILVA technical requirements are: high power, high voltage and very short pulses (200 ns width). (A.C.)

  11. High voltage fast switches for nuclear applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chatroux, D.; Lausenaz, Y.; Villard, J.F. [CEA Centre de Pierrelatte, Dept. des Technologies de l' Enrichissement (DTE), 26 (France); Lafore, D. [CEGEMA-ESIM, 13 - Marseille (France)

    1999-07-01

    SILVA process consists in a selective ionization of the 235 uranium isotope, using laser beams generated by dye lasers pumped by copper vapour laser (C.V.L.). SILVA involves power electronic for 3 power supplies: - copper vapour laser power supply, - extraction power supply to generate the electric field in the vapour, and - electron beam power supply for vapour generation. This article reviews the main switches that are proposed on the market or are on development and that could be used in SILVA power supplies. The SILVA technical requirements are: high power, high voltage and very short pulses (200 ns width). (A.C.)

  12. Recent advances of high voltage AlGaN/GaN power HFETs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uemoto, Yasuhiro; Ueda, Tetsuzo; Tanaka, Tsuyoshi; Ueda, Daisuke

    2009-02-01

    We review our recent advances of GaN-based high voltage power transistors. These are promising owing to low on-state resistance and high breakdown voltage taking advantages of superior material properties. However, there still remain a couple of technical issues to be solved for the GaN devices to replace the existing Si-based power devices. The most critical issue is to achieve normally-off operation which is strongly desired for the safety operation, however, it has been very difficult because of the built-in polarization electric field. Our new device called GIT (Gate Injection Transistor) utilizing conductivity modulation successfully achieves the normally-off operation keeping low on-state resistance. The fabricated GIT on a Si substrate exhibits threshold voltage of +1.0V. The obtained on-state resistance and off-state breakdown voltage were 2.6m?•cm2 and 800V, respectively. Remaining technical issue is to further increase the breakdown voltage. So far, the reported highest off-state breakdown voltage of AlGaN/GaN HFETs has been 1900V. Overcoming these issues by a novel device structure, we have demonstrated the world highest breakdown voltages of 10400V using thick poly-crystalline AlN as a passivation film and Via-holes through sapphire which enable very efficient layout of the lateral HFET array avoiding any undesired breakdown of passivation films. Since conventional wet or dry etching cannot be used for chemically stable sapphire, high power pulsed laser is used to form the via-holes. The presented GaN power devices demonstrate that GaN is advantageous for high voltage power switching applications replacing currently used Si-based power MOSFETs and IGBTs.

  13. Interconnected High-Voltage Pulsed-Power Converters System Design for H? Ion Sources

    CERN Document Server

    Aguglia, D

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the design and experimental validations of a system of three new high-voltage (HV) pulsedpower converters for the H? sources. The system requires three pulsed voltages (50, 40, and 25 kV to ground) at 2-Hz repetition rate, for 700 ?s of usable flat-top. The solution presents ripplefree output voltages and minimal stored energy to protect the ion source from the consequences of arc events. Experimental results on the final full-scale prototype are presented. In case of short-circuit events, the maximal energy delivered to the source is in the Joule range. HV flat-top stability of 1% is experimentally achieved with a simple Proportional-Integral- Derivative regulation and preliminary tuned H? source (e.g., radio frequency control, gas injection, and so forth). The system is running since more than a year with no power converter failures and damage to the source.

  14. Power water high-voltage shaping line with hydraulic shock damping

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To avoid a hydraulic impact on a dielectric material during power high-voltage pulse shaping a double shaping line (DSL) is developed for the ''KALMAR-1'' accelerator at electron energy of 1 MeV, beam current of 0.4 MA and a pulse duration of 100 ns. To prevent the design destruction due to a hydraulic impact the DSL structure filled with distilled water as a dielectric material provides for an impulse backwash of the intermediary cylinder of the line when a discharger operates. The hydraulic impact damping system has proved its efficiency. The DSL withstood more than 1000 operatings without failure with 20 kJ per pulse energy release into distilled water

  15. Spectral response of atmospheric electric field measurements near AC high voltage power lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, H. G.; Matthews, J. C.; Wright, M. D.; Shallcross, D. E.

    2015-10-01

    To understand the influence of corona ion emission on the atmospheric electrical field, measurements were made near to two AC high voltage power lines. A JCI 131 field-mill recorded the atmospheric electric field over one year. Meteorological measurements were also taken. The data series is divided in four zones (dependent on wind direction): whole zones, Z0; zone 1, Z1; zone 2, Z2; zone 3, Z3. Z3 is the least affected by corona ion emission and for that reason it is used as a reference against Z1 and Z2, which are strongly influenced by this phenomena. Analysis was undertaken for all weather days and dry days only. The Lomb-Scargle strategy developed for unevenly spaced time-series is used to calculate the spectral response of the aforementioned zones. Only frequencies above 1 minute are considered.

  16. Ultra high voltage MOS controlled 4H-SiC power switching devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryu, S.; Capell, C.; Van Brunt, E.; Jonas, C.; O'Loughlin, M.; Clayton, J.; Lam, K.; Pala, V.; Hull, B.; Lemma, Y.; Lichtenwalner, D.; Zhang, Q. J.; Richmond, J.; Butler, P.; Grider, D.; Casady, J.; Allen, S.; Palmour, J.; Hinojosa, M.; Tipton, C. W.; Scozzie, C.

    2015-08-01

    Ultra high voltage (UHV, >15 kV) 4H-silicon carbide (SiC) power devices have the potential to significantly improve the system performance, reliability, and cost of energy conversion systems by providing reduced part count, simplified circuit topology, and reduced switching losses. In this paper, we compare the two MOS based UHV 4H-SiC power switching devices; 15 kV 4H-SiC MOSFETs and 15 kV 4H-SiC n-IGBTs. The 15 kV 4H-SiC MOSFET shows a specific on-resistance of 204 m? cm2 at 25 °C, which increased to 570 m? cm2 at 150 °C. The 15 kV 4H-SiC MOSFET provides low, temperature-independent, switching losses which makes the device more attractive for applications that require higher switching frequencies. The 15 kV 4H-SiC n-IGBT shows a significantly lower forward voltage drop (VF), along with reasonable switching performance, which make it a very attractive device for high voltage applications with lower switching frequency requirements. An electrothermal analysis showed that the 15 kV 4H-SiC n-IGBT outperforms the 15 kV 4H-SiC MOSFET for applications with switching frequencies of less than 5 kHz. It was also shown that the use of a carrier storage layer (CSL) can significantly improve the conduction performance of the 15 kV 4H-SiC n-IGBTs.

  17. Assessment of research directions for high-voltage direct-current power systems. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Long, W F

    1982-09-01

    High voltage direct current (HVDC) power transmission continues to be an emerging technology nearly thirty years after its introduction into modern power systems. To date its use has been restricted to either specialized applications having identifiable economic advantages (e.g., breakeven distance) or, rarely, applications where decoupling is needed. Only recently have the operational advantages (e.g., power modulation) of HVDC been realized on operating systems. A research project whose objective was to identify hardware developments and, where appropriate, system applications which can exemplify cost and operational advantages of integrated ac/dc power systems is discussed. The three principal tasks undertaken were: assessment of equipment developments; quantification of operational advantages; and interaction with system planners. Interest in HVDC power transmission has increased markedly over the past several years, and many new systems are now being investigated. The dissemination of information about HVDC, including specifically the symposium undertaken for Task 3, is a critical factor in fostering an understanding of this important adjunct to ac power transmission.

  18. Marine High Voltage Power Conditioning and Transmission System with Integrated Storage DE-EE0003640 Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frank Hoffmann, PhD; Aspinall, Rik

    2012-12-10

    Design, Development, and test of the three-port power converter for marine hydrokinetic power transmission. Converter provides ports for AC/DC conversion of hydrokinetic power, battery storage, and a low voltage to high voltage DC port for HVDC transmission to shore. The report covers the design, development, implementation, and testing of a prototype built by PPS.

  19. A vacuum tolerant high voltage system with a low noise and low power Cockcroft–Walton photomultiplier base

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We developed a high voltage system for the electromagnetic calorimeter of the KOTO detector. The system is designed around a low noise, low power Cockcroft–Walton (CW) photomultiplier tube base with a high gain preamplifier. The low power makes it suitable for operations in vacuum. The low noise and high gain allow detecting signals in the 1 MeV range. We achieved a final noise level below 180?Vrms for a preamplifier gain of more than 40. A vacuum tolerant control system for the CW bases power distribution was also designed. This system is able to control and monitor the high voltage of each individual base

  20. High voltage pulsing system for wire spark chambers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High voltage pulsing system for wire spark chamber has been constructed for the high energy physics experiment at INS 1.3 GeV electron synchrotron. This system consists of a high voltage power supply, a Thyratron pulse generator and a Krytron trigger circuit. In this paper, characteristic features, circuit diagrams and test results of this system are described. (author)

  1. IGBT based solid state high voltage pulse power modulator for RF linacs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solid-state pulsed power modulators offer the promise of higher efficiency, longer life and compactness. This paper describes an IGBT based solid-state high voltage pulse power modulator developed for industrial RF linacs. The pulse modulator is required to generate a voltage pulse of about 10 ?s width, amplitude in the range 50kV to 100kV at a repetition rate in the range of 100-400 Hz and peak pulse current in the range 2-5 A, keeping rise time less than 1 ?s. Sharp rise time pulse ensures low divergence beam. One of the challenges in pulse power modulator is to reduce the rise time. This leads to choosing appropriate magnetic cores and novel techniques for winding so as to minimize inductance and capacitance of pulse transformer. A brief discussion of circuit topologies and solid-state devices is followed by the presentation of results of two prototype modulators one using locally available Mn-Zn ferrite core and other using kcp-30 metglass core of Russian origin. (author)

  2. X-rays and microwave RF power from high voltage laboratory sparks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montanyà, Joan; Fabró, Ferran; March, Víctor; van der Velde, Oscar; Solà, Glòria; Romero, David; Argemí, Oriol

    2015-12-01

    Lightning flashes involve high energy processes that still are not well understood. In the laboratory, high voltage pulses are used to produce long sparks in open air allowing the production of energetic radiation. In this paper X-rays emitted by long sparks in air are simultaneously measured with the RF power radiation at 2.4 GHz. The experiment showed that the measured RF power systematically peaks at the time of the X-rays generation (in the microsecond time scale). All of the triggered sparks present peaks of RF radiation before the breakdown of the gap. The RF peaks are related to the applied voltage to the gap. RF peaks are also detected in discharges without breakdown. Cases where X-rays are detected presented higher RF power. The results indicate that at some stage of the discharge, before the breakdown, electrons are very fast accelerated letting in some cases to produce X-rays. Microwave radiation and X-rays may come from the same process.

  3. Investigation of Electrical Potential and Electromagnetic Field for Overhead High Voltage Power Lines in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mokhtar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The exposure of human body to electric field and magnetic field could cause biological effects, including changes in functions of cells and tissues and subtle changes in hormone levels, which may or may not be harmful. The aim of this study was to analyze and compute the amount of electrical potential, electric field and magnetic flux density at a certain point and distance from the overhead high voltage power lines of 132 and 275 kV in Malaysia. An analytical calculus method is proposed in order to accomplish this study. The models of the power lines were constructed using the actual physical dimensions of the towers. The results show that the exposure levels of the electromagnetic fields to the public is low if they stay more than 30 m away from the power lines. For the live-line worker, the exposure to the high electric and magnetic field could endanger their body if they stay too close to the conductor. The evaluations of the electrical potential, electric field strength and magnetic flux density are done using the Matlab environment. Matlab’s Graphical User Interface (GUI techniques are developed as an easy and user-friendly tool to be used.

  4. Design and development of high voltage high power operational ampli?er using thick ?lm technology

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Krishna Mohan Nutheti; Vinod S Chippalakatti; Shashikala Prakash

    2008-10-01

    Applications of power operational ampli?ers (opamps) are increasing day by day in the industry as they are used in audio ampli?ers, Piezo transducer systems and the electron de?ection systems. Power operational ampli?ers have all the features of a general purpose opamp except the additional power handling capability. The power handling feature can be achieved using an external circuitry around a regular opamp. Normally power opamps can deliver current more than 50 mA and can operate on the supply voltage more than ±25 V. This paper gives the details of one of the power opamps developed to drive the Piezo Actuators for Active Vibration Control (AVC) of aircraft/aerospace structures. The designed power opamp will work on ±200 V supply voltage and can deliver 200 mA current.

  5. Modern Risk Assessment for Nuclear Power Plants High-Voltage Substations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes a first Romanian attempt to set up the methodology for risk assessment and control within high-voltage substations, developed for the Nuclear power plant in Cernavoda (Romania). Considering the present risk assessment methods the MENER Project will develop a new methodology, in line with the European Community legislation and with the specific regional needs. In order to correctly shape the necessary resources required by a risk analysis a large size enterprise (a nuclear power plant) is selected and the following five indicators will be estimated: the economic profit, environmental risk, indirect (future) risk, technology improvement and physic and psychological risk. The results are expected to considerably facilitate risk assessment, by: evaluating project acceptability; evaluating equipment compliance to regulatory criteria; estimating excluding clearances; easing the design of emergency programmes; identifying the equipment use restrictions; identifying the risk sources; selecting the maintenance and risk reduction methods; testing the procedures leading to future regulatory norms; suitability of the risk management system modification. The immediate result of employing modern risk assessment methods could be the decrease by one third of the expenses required by environment protection, staff health and labor safety and quality management. (author)

  6. The High Voltage Line Becomes a Power Distributor: A Successful Test in Congo Brazzaville

    OpenAIRE

    A. Omboua

    2006-01-01

    The high line voltage passes over the head but we don’t have electricity to have our mill functioned, we continue to live without the power! In many developing countries, we have a lot of high lines voltage which cross many regions to supply electricity to the main towns or connect to networks the distanced electric stations.These booked lines for supplying electricity to big towns cross a lot of villages whose people broadly poor hope to be supplied with electricity without a suitable soluti...

  7. Magnetic fields and cancer in children residing near Swedish high-voltage power lines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feychting, M.; Ahlbom, A. (Karolinska Institute, Stockholm (Sweden))

    1993-10-01

    A case-control study was conducted to test the hypothesis that exposure to magnetic fields of the type generated by high-voltage power lines increases cancer incidence in children. The study base consisted of everyone under age 16 years who had lived on a property located within 300 meters of any of the 220 and 400 kV power lines in Sweden during the period 1960-1985. Subjects were followed from their entry into the study base through 1985. A total of 142 cancer cases were identified through a record linkage to the Swedish Cancer Registry. There were 39 leukemia and 33 central nervous system tumor cases. A total of 558 controls were selected at random from the study base. Exposure was assessed by spot measurements and by calculations of the magnetic fields generated by the power lines, taking distance, line configuration, and load into account. Information about historical loads on the power lines was used to calculate the magnetic fields for the year closest in time to diagnosis. When historical calculations were used as exposure assessment for childhood leukemia with cutoff points at 0.1 and 0.2 microtesla (microT), the estimated relative risk increased over the two exposure levels and was estimated at 2.7 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.0-6.3) for 0.2 microT and over; p for trend = 0.02. When the upper cutoff point was shifted to 0.3 microT, the relative risk was 3.8 (95% CI 1.4-9.3); p for trend = 0.005. These results persisted when adjustment for potential confounding factors was made. For central nervous system tumor, lymphoma, and all childhood cancers combined, there was no support for an association.

  8. Game Changing Usage of High-Voltage Power Transmission Systems as Extremely Large Antennas for Space Physical and Geophysical Remote Imaging Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Geomagnetic storms drive geomagnetically induced currents (GIC) in high-voltage power transmission systems worldwide. GIC distribution in the transmission system is...

  9. Depressão em trabalhadores de linhas elétricas de alta tensão Depression in high voltage power line workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suerda Fortaleza de Souza

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar a associação entre desequilíbrio esforços-recompensas no trabalho e sintomas depressivos em trabalhadores de linhas elétricas de alta tensão. MÉTODOS: Estudo de corte transversal realizado em 158 trabalhadores de uma empresa de energia elétrica no Nordeste do Brasil. As dimensões do modelo esforço-recompensa (ERI constituíram as variáveis independentes principais e a variável resposta foi depressão, medida pela escala Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D. Os dados foram analisados com técnicas de regressão logística múltipla. RESULTADOS: Trabalhadores no grupo de baixa recompensa apresentaram prevalência de depressão 6,2 vezes maior em relação àqueles no grupo de alta recompensa. A prevalência de depressão foi 3,3 vezes maior entre os trabalhadores em condição de desequilíbrio esforço-recompensa do que entre aqueles em situação de equilíbrio. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de depressão estava fortemente associada às dimensões de esforços e recompensas presentes no trabalho dos eletricitários.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between effort-reward imbalance and depressive symptoms among workers in high voltage power lines. METHODS: A cross-sectional study among 158 workers from an electric power company in Northeast Brazil. The main independent variables were the Effort-Reward Imbalance Model (ERI dimensions and the main dependent variable was the prevalence of depression, as measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D scale. Data were analyzed by multiple logistic regression techniques. RESULTS: The group of low reward workers presented a depression prevalence rate 6.2 times greater than those in the high reward group. The depression prevalence rate was 3.3 greater in workers in the situation of imbalanced effort-reward than in those in effort-reward equilibrium. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of depression was strongly associated with psychosocial factors present in the work of electricity workers.

  10. Depressão em trabalhadores de linhas elétricas de alta tensão / Depression in high voltage power line workers

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Suerda Fortaleza de, Souza; Fernando Martins, Carvalho; Tânia Maria de, Araújo; Sergio, Koifman; Lauro Antonio, Porto.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar a associação entre desequilíbrio esforços-recompensas no trabalho e sintomas depressivos em trabalhadores de linhas elétricas de alta tensão. MÉTODOS: Estudo de corte transversal realizado em 158 trabalhadores de uma empresa de energia elétrica no Nordeste do Brasil. As dimensõe [...] s do modelo esforço-recompensa (ERI) constituíram as variáveis independentes principais e a variável resposta foi depressão, medida pela escala Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D). Os dados foram analisados com técnicas de regressão logística múltipla. RESULTADOS: Trabalhadores no grupo de baixa recompensa apresentaram prevalência de depressão 6,2 vezes maior em relação àqueles no grupo de alta recompensa. A prevalência de depressão foi 3,3 vezes maior entre os trabalhadores em condição de desequilíbrio esforço-recompensa do que entre aqueles em situação de equilíbrio. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de depressão estava fortemente associada às dimensões de esforços e recompensas presentes no trabalho dos eletricitários. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between effort-reward imbalance and depressive symptoms among workers in high voltage power lines. METHODS: A cross-sectional study among 158 workers from an electric power company in Northeast Brazil. The main independent variables were the Effort-Reward Im [...] balance Model (ERI) dimensions and the main dependent variable was the prevalence of depression, as measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. Data were analyzed by multiple logistic regression techniques. RESULTS: The group of low reward workers presented a depression prevalence rate 6.2 times greater than those in the high reward group. The depression prevalence rate was 3.3 greater in workers in the situation of imbalanced effort-reward than in those in effort-reward equilibrium. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of depression was strongly associated with psychosocial factors present in the work of electricity workers.

  11. Design and development of power supplies at VECC for accelerators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several power supplies have been designed and developed in-house incorporating various topologies to match the load requirements. Most of the power supplies have been being utilised in K-130 and K-500 cyclotrons operation successfully from last several years. Amongst other types, Switching Mode PS (SMPS), Phase Controlled Rectifier (PCR), Linear mode power supply are mostly in use, irrespective of their own merits and demerits. Switching mode power supply (SMPS) is most common topology for various applications ranging from high current to high voltage applications. Due to low stored energy and faster response, the SMPS incorporating Pulse Switch Modulation (PSM) configuration is most suitable for high voltage DC power supply at larger power compared to its counterparts, makes possible to operate the power system without crowbar. For an IOT cathode power supply, a 200kW at - 40kV High voltage power supply is under development incorporating SMPS and PSM technique. Earlier, High Voltage power supply was made by using Tetrode Tube in linear mode for RF amplifier for K-130 Cyclotron. Later, in K-500 Cyclotron, a High Voltage power supply was developed incorporating PCR topology rated at 20kV, 20 Amp for Anodes for 3 nos. of RF amplifiers. These HV power supply is equipped with ultra-fast acting Crowbar Protection System developed in VECC which is for the protection of costly RF Tubes against the internal arc. Design and development of SMPS based Bipolar Power Supply with 4-Quadrant operation rated at ± 27 V, ± 300 Amp with current stability around 100 ppm for Super-conducting Magnets along with quench protection and energy dumping scheme. (author)

  12. Evaluation of high energy neutron-induced single event burnout in high voltage power devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Single event effects on semiconductor devices, such as hard error and soft error, caused by terrestrial neutron are one of the urgent issues at ground level. This paper present evaluation results of high energy neutron-induced single event burnout in high voltage devices. (author)

  13. The High Voltage Line Becomes a Power Distributor: A Successful Test in Congo Brazzaville

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Omboua

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The high line voltage passes over the head but we don’t have electricity to have our mill functioned, we continue to live without the power! In many developing countries, we have a lot of high lines voltage which cross many regions to supply electricity to the main towns or connect to networks the distanced electric stations.These booked lines for supplying electricity to big towns cross a lot of villages whose people broadly poor hope to be supplied with electricity without a suitable solution. However it seems very deplorable that the power conducted by these lines doesn’t profit to surrounding population. Unfortunately, for these villages, the use of classical stations is too expensive to the power distributors because of high cost of investment and production for these potential scattered consumers with the feeble demand of electricity.This paper presents the original solution, settled in 2002 in one of the village located in Congo Brazzaville, and continues to function correctly. It is a new power transformer with one phase called PLX which is connected on one phase of the high line voltage 220kV and which produces extraordinary the low voltage 230 V directly useful by the rural population. This conceived sample for the rural electrification has been dimensioned for the power of 50kVA. A cheap and resistant advice! It requires a large popularization and mainly in sub saharian Africa that has got many opportunities. Outside the role of conduction of the power, the high line voltage distributes it

  14. Proposal for the award of a contract without competitive tendering for the supply of coaxial high-voltage cable for the LHC beam dumping system

    CERN Document Server

    2002-01-01

    This document concerns the award of a contract without competitive tendering for the supply of two types of coaxial high-voltage cable for the LHC beam dumping system. Following a market survey carried out among 14 firms in four Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2969/SL/LHC) was sent on 10 July 2001 to one firm. By the closing date, CERN had received one tender. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with DRAKA MULTIMEDIA CABLE (DE), the only bidder, for the supply of 14 km of coaxial high-voltage cable for the LHC beam dumping system for a total amount of 530 488 euros (779 900 Swiss francs), not subject to revision. The rate of exchange which has been used is that stipulated in the tender. The firm has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: DE - 100%.

  15. High-voltage electron accelerators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ways for improving technical and economic factors of high-voltage electron accelerators intended for radiation technology are discussed. It is shown that basic components effecting radiation energy costs are the following: depreciation, costs of routine repair, energy expenses and attendant payments. Outlined is an improvement program for the Aurora and the Electron type accelerators of up to 100 kW power having high-voltage generator connected with emitters by 750 kV high-voltage cable

  16. Design of high-voltage, high-power, solid state remote power controllers for aerospace applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturman, J. C.

    1985-01-01

    Two general types of remote power controllers (RPC's), which combine the functions of a circuit breaker and a switch, were developed for use in dc aerospace systems. Power-switching devices used in the designs are the gate-turnoff thyristor (GTO) and MOSFET. The RPC's can switch dc voltages to 1200 V and currents to 1000 A. Seven different units were constructed and subjected to laboratory and thermal vacuum testing. Two of these were dual units that switch both positive and negative voltages simultaneously. The RPC's using MOSFET's have slow turnon and turnoff times which limit surge currents and voltage spiking from high di/dt. The GTO's have much faster transition times. All RPC's have programmable overload tripout proportional to I sq T and microsecond tripout for large overloads.

  17. High-voltage, high-power, solid-state remote power controllers for aerospace applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturman, J. C.

    1985-01-01

    Two general types of remote power controller (RPC) that combine the functions of a circuit breaker and a switch were developed for use in direct-current (dc) aerospace systems. Power-switching devices used in these designs are the relatively new gate-turnoff thyristor (GTO) and poweer metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFET). The various RPC's can switch dc voltages to 1200 V and currents to 100 A. Seven different units were constructed and subjected to comprehensive laboratory and thermal vacuum testing. Two of these were dual units that switch both positive and negative voltages simultaneously. The RPC's using MOSFET's have slow turnon and turnoff times to limit voltage spiking from high di/dt. The GTO's have much faster transition times. All RPC's have programmable overload tripout and microsecond tripout for large overloads. The basic circuits developed can be used to build switchgear limited only by the ratings of the switching device used.

  18. Development of polymer insulators for electrical and high-voltage power lines with the application of radiation-chemical technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the field of power engineering the problem of replacing traditional high-voltage porcelain and glass insulators by polymer insulators is being investigated. Polymers are desired which are relatively cheap and easy to process by molding. A copolymer of ethylene and vinyl acetate (EVA) filled aluminium hydroxide satisfys the requirements. In order to increase the heat stability of EVA, radiation-chemical technology was used in the present work. A pilot plant with a cobalt 60 radionuclide source was used as the source of ionizing radiation. The process of cross-linking EVA is described

  19. 30 CFR 75.802 - Protection of high-voltage circuits extending underground.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...for the frames of all high-voltage equipment supplied power from that circuit...may permit ungrounded high-voltage circuits to...phase-to-phase and the cables used in such circuits...shields around each power conductor, and...

  20. Design and power management of an offshore medium voltage DC microgrid realized through high voltage power electronics technologies and control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grainger, Brandon Michael

    The growth in the electric power industry's portfolio of Direct Current (DC) based generation and loads have captured the attention of many leading research institutions. Opportunities for using DC based systems have been explored in electric ship design and have been a proven, reliable solution for transmitting bulk power onshore and offshore. To integrate many of the renewable resources into our existing AC grid, a number of power conversions through power electronics are required to condition the equipment for direct connection. Within the power conversion stages, there is always a requirement to convert to or from DC. The AC microgrid is a conceptual solution proposed for integrating various types of renewable generation resources. The fundamental microgrid requirements include the capability of operating in islanding mode and/or grid connected modes. The technical challenges associated with microgrids include (1) operation modes and transitions that comply with IEEE1547 without extensive custom engineering and (2) control architecture and communication. The Medium Voltage DC (MVDC) architecture, explored by the University of Pittsburgh, can be visualized as a special type of DC microgrid. This dissertation is multi-faceted, focused on many design aspects of an offshore DC microgrid. The focal points of the discussion are focused on optimized high power, high frequency magnetic material performance in electric machines, transformers, and DC/DC power converters---all components found within offshore, power system architectures. A new controller design based upon model reference control is proposed and shown to stabilize the electric motor drives (modeled as constant power loads), which serve as the largest power consuming entities in the microgrid. The design and simulation of a state-of-the-art multilevel converter for High Voltage DC (HVDC) is discussed and a component sensitivity analysis on fault current peaks is explored. A power management routine is proposed and evaluated as the DC microgrid is disturbed through various mode transitions. Finally, two communication protocols are described for the microgrid---one to minimize communication overhead inside the microgrid and another to provide robust and scalable intra-grid communication. The work presented is supported by Asea Brown Boveri (ABB) Corporate Research Center within the Active Grid Infrastructure program, the Advanced Research Project Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) through the Solar ADEPT program, and Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (MELCO).

  1. An optically coupled power stimulus isolation unit with high voltage and fast rise time output

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    R.O., Brasil; J.H., Leal-Cardoso.

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Recent technological developments have created new devices that could improve and simplify the construction of stimulus isolators. HEXFET transistors can switch large currents and hundreds of volts in nanoseconds. The newer opto-isolators can give a pulse rise time of a few nanoseconds, with output [...] compatible with MOSFET devices, in which delays are reduced to nanoseconds. Integrated DC/DC converters are now available. Using these new resources we developed a new electrical stimulus isolator circuit with selectable constant-current and constant-voltage modes, which are precise and easy to construct. The circuit works like a regulated power supply in both modes with output switched to zero or to free mode through an opto-isolator device. The isolator analyses showed good practical performance. The output to ground resistance was 1011 ohms and capacitance 35 picofarads. The rise time and fall time were identical (5 µs) and constant. The selectable voltage or current output mode made it very convenient to use. The current mode, with higher output resistance values in low current ranges, permits intracellular stimulation even with tip resistances close to 100 megaohms. The high compliance of 200 V guarantees the value of the current stimulus. The very low output resistance in the voltage mode made the device highly suitable for extracellular stimulation with low impedance electrodes. Most importantly, these characteristics were achieved with a circuit that was easy to build and modify and assembled with components available in Brazil.

  2. High Voltage Seismic Generator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogacz, Adrian; Pala, Damian; Knafel, Marcin

    2015-04-01

    This contribution describes the preliminary result of annual cooperation of three student research groups from AGH UST in Krakow, Poland. The aim of this cooperation was to develop and construct a high voltage seismic wave generator. Constructed device uses a high-energy electrical discharge to generate seismic wave in ground. This type of device can be applied in several different methods of seismic measurement, but because of its limited power it is mainly dedicated for engineering geophysics. The source operates on a basic physical principles. The energy is stored in capacitor bank, which is charged by two stage low to high voltage converter. Stored energy is then released in very short time through high voltage thyristor in spark gap. The whole appliance is powered from li-ion battery and controlled by ATmega microcontroller. It is possible to construct larger and more powerful device. In this contribution the structure of device with technical specifications is resented. As a part of the investigation the prototype was built and series of experiments conducted. System parameter was measured, on this basis specification of elements for the final device were chosen. First stage of the project was successful. It was possible to efficiently generate seismic waves with constructed device. Then the field test was conducted. Spark gap wasplaced in shallowborehole(0.5 m) filled with salt water. Geophones were placed on the ground in straight line. The comparison of signal registered with hammer source and sparker source was made. The results of the test measurements are presented and discussed. Analysis of the collected data shows that characteristic of generated seismic signal is very promising, thus confirms possibility of practical application of the new high voltage generator. The biggest advantage of presented device after signal characteristics is its size which is 0.5 x 0.25 x 0.2 m and weight approximately 7 kg. This features with small li-ion battery makes constructed device very mobile. The project is still developing.

  3. Power supply arrangement for computerised tomographic apparatus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a rotating tomographic scanner it is possible to transfer the X-ray tube supply via slip rings. It is difficult to transfer high voltage for the tube by slip rings, yet if the mains supply is transferred the transformers required to give 70KV are excessively heavy for the gantry. It is proposed to transfer the power at 300V, high frequency and then to convert to 70KV on the gantry. The equipment then mounted on the gantry is evenly distributed there-around so that no further counterweight is required. A closed circuit oil cooling system is also provided on the gantry. (author)

  4. Measurements and high voltage tests on power transformers on-site. Mobile measurement and testing technology; Hochspannungspruefungen an Leistungstransformatoren vor Ort. Mobile Mess- und Prueftechnik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Werle, Peter; Steiger, Matthias; Szczechowski, Janusz [ABB, Halle (Germany); Krueger, Michael; Kraetge, Alexander; Koch, Maik; Rethmeier, Kay [Omicron Electronics GmbH, Klaus (Austria)

    2009-02-16

    In order to gather knowledge about the reliability of power transformers it is necessary to analyse their condition. Beyond laboratory tests on the transformer's insulation liquid electrical analytic methods are used. Some of them do not need much effort to be done on-site, others need high voltages, which can be applied by using transportable high-voltage sources. If repairs are made on-site, the quality of the repair has to be proven by the common standard measurements and high-voltage tests. (orig.)

  5. High Voltage Generation for Physics Lab

    OpenAIRE

    Baddi, Raju

    2012-01-01

    A power efficient way to generate low power high voltage is given. The article describes various aspects of functioning and derives quantitative relations between different parameters and high voltage generated. Use of voltage multiplier (Cockcroft-Walton multiplier) network can provide further boost in the high voltage(~1000V).

  6. Analysis of transistor and snubber turn-off dynamics in high-frequency high-voltage high-power converters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, P. M.; Wilson, T. G.; Owen, H. A., Jr.

    1982-01-01

    Dc to dc converters which operate reliably and efficiently at switching frequencies high enough to effect substantial reductions in the size and weight of converter energy storage elements are studied. A two winding current or voltage stepup (buck boost) dc-to-dc converter power stage submodule designed to operate in the 2.5-kW range, with an input voltage range of 110 to 180 V dc, and an output voltage of 250 V dc is emphasized. In order to assess the limitations of present day component and circuit technologies, a design goal switching frequency of 10 kHz was maintained. The converter design requirements represent a unique combination of high frequency, high voltage, and high power operation. The turn off dynamics of the primary circuit power switching transistor and its associated turn off snubber circuitry are investigated.

  7. Power supply monitoring system for high-voltage supply to an ionisation chamber

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ionization chamber is used for control of particle accelerators and consequently loaded with high dose-rates during radiation pulses. The measuring equipment consists of a transmitter- and receiver-system with opto-coupler, hallgenerators, field plates or isolating transformer and controls a relais which allows to block the direct current components. (DG)

  8. Proposal for the award of a blanket order contract for the supply and installation of high-voltage metal-clad compartmented switchgear

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    This document concerns the award of a blanket order contract for the supply and installation of high-voltage metal-clad compartmented switchgear. Following a market survey (MS-2761/ST) carried out among 59 firms in fifteen Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2827/ST) was sent on 23 January 2001 to 14 firms in ten Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received eight tenders from eight firms in seven Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a blanket order contract with SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC (IT), the lowest bidder, for the supply and installation of high-voltage metal-clad compartmented switchgear for a total amount of 4 300 000 euros (6 611 000 Swiss francs), not subject to revision until 31 July 2003. The rate of exchange which has been used is that stipulated in the tender. The firm has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: IT - 70%; FR - 30%.

  9. Development of klystron pulse power supply for XFEL/SPring-8

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    XFEL project at SPring-8 requires a pulse power supply which equips highly stable high voltage, and a compact size body. To meet the request, we have developed the compact oil-filled power supply in which the high voltage components are stored in the insulation oil. The shell of the tank is composed of thick steel plates, which enhances the stiffness of the body (monocoque structure). The steel plate shields the EMI noise emission generated by the high power pulse current. The power supply is designed for easy maintenance, and equips the maintenance-free cooling system. Since Nov. 2007, the power supply has worked well. (author)

  10. Design of a system of high voltage pulsed power converters for CERN’s Linac4 H$^{?}$ ion source

    CERN Document Server

    Aguglia, D

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the complete design and experimental validations of the full scale prototype of a system of three new high voltage pulsed power converters for the CERN Linac4 H$^{?}$ source. The system requires three pulsed voltages (50kV, 40kV and 25kV to ground) at 2Hz repetition rate, for a 700µs of usable flat-top. The solution presents switching frequency ripplefree voltages and a minimal stored energy to protect the ions source from arc events consequences. The main design aspects are presented. Experimental results on the final full-scale prototype are presented and show excellent behaviour in nominal and short circuit operations.

  11. 30 CFR 75.804 - Underground high-voltage cables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...High-Voltage Distribution § 75.804 Underground high-voltage cables. (a) Underground high-voltage cables used in resistance grounded systems shall be equipped with metallic shields around each power conductor with one or more ground...

  12. AGS Fast spin resonance jump, magnets and power supplies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glenn,J.W.; Huang, H.; Liaw, C. J.; Marneris, I.; Meng, W.; Mi, J. L.; Rosas, P.; Sandberg, J.; Tuozzolo, J.; Zhang, A.

    2009-05-04

    In order to cross more rapidly the 82 weak spin resonances caused by the horizontal tune and the partial snakes, we plan to jump the horizontal tune 82 times during the acceleration of polarized protons. The current in the magnets creating this tune jump will rise in 100 {micro}s, hold flat for about 4 ms and fan to zero in 100 {micro}s. Laminated beam transport quadrupole magnets have been recycled by installing new two turn coils and longitudinal laminated pole tip shims that reduce inductance and power supply current. The power supply uses a high voltage capacitor discharge to raise the magnet current, which is then switched to a low voltage supply, and then the current is switched back to the high voltage capacitor to zero the current. The current in each of the magnet pulses must match the order of magnitude change in proton momentum during the acceleration cycle. The magnet, power supply and operational experience are described.

  13. A high-efficiency and light-weight TWT power supply for ETS-VI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Katsuhiko; Ohtsu, Satoshi; Yamashita, Takashi

    The paper describes a high-efficiency lightweight traveling-wave tube (TWT) power supply with a switching frequency of 200 kHz, developed for the Engineering Test Satellite VI. Special attention is given to the new techniques and devices that were developed to realize this power supply. These include a new high-voltage diode, a MOSFET, a newly developed high-voltage transformer, and high-efficiency circuits. A diagram of the TWT power supply circuit configuration is presented along with the results of TWT power supply efficiency.

  14. Optimized control strategy for crowbarless solid state modular power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solid state modular power supply with series connected IGBT based power modules have been employed as high voltage bias power supply of klystron amplifier. Auxiliary compensation of full wave inverter bridge with ZVS/ZCS operations of all IGBTs over entire operating range is incorporated. An optimized control strategy has been adopted for this power supply needing no output filter, making this scheme crowbarless and is presented in this paper. DSP based fully digital control with same duty cycle for all power modules, have been incorporated for regulating this power supply along with adequate protection features. Input to this power supply is taken directly from 11 kV line and the input system is intentionally made 24 pulsed to reduce the input harmonics, improve the input power factor significantly, there by requiring no line filters. Various steps have been taken to increase the efficiency of major subsystems, so as to improve the overall efficiency of this power supply significantly. (author)

  15. Powerful electrostatic FEL: Regime of operation, recovery of the spent electron beam and high voltage generator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boscolo, I. [Univ. and INFN, Milan (Italy); Gong, J. [Southwest Jiaotong Univ., Chengdu (China)

    1995-02-01

    FEL, driven by a Cockcroft-Walton electrostatic accelerator with the recovery of the spent electron beam, is proposed as powerful radiation source for plasma heating. The low gain and high gain regimes are compared in view of the recovery problem and the high gain regime is shown to be much more favourable. A new design of the onion Cockcroft-Walton is presented.

  16. Prospects for the development of high-voltage electron accelerators for power industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An analysis is made of a modern accelerator electron beam 1 kwh cost. It is shown that a low level of capital expenditures and the fact of being highly economic is true for accelerators on the basis of one-phase transformers with the closed magnetic circuit powered from the industrial 50 Hz network with voltages 6 or 35 kV and with feeding the accelerating tube directly without intermediate gates. The economic efficiency of an accelerator complex consisting of 7 electron accelerators on the basis of one-phase accelerator has been discussed. The cost of 1 kwh for the electron beam is 0.9 copecks

  17. The Power Behind the Controversy: Understanding Local Policy Elites' Perceptions on the Benefits and Risks Associated with High Voltage Power Line Installation in the State of Arkansas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moyer, Rachael M.

    Following a proposal for the installation of high voltage power lines in northwest Arkansas, a controversial policy debate emerged. Proponents of the transmission line argue that such an installation is inevitable and necessary to efficiently and reliably support the identified electric load in the region. Opponents claim that the lines will degrade the natural environment and hamper the tourism-based local economy in affected regions, notably in Ozark Mountain areas. This study seeks to understand how local policy elites perceive the benefits and risks associated with proposed transmission lines, which is a critical step in comprehending the formation and changes of related government policies. First, based upon the dual process theory of judgment, this study systematically investigates the triadic relationships between (a) more profound personal value predispositions, (b) affects and feelings, and (c) perceived benefits and risks related to the proposed installation of high voltage power lines among local policy elites in the state of Arkansas. Next, this study focuses more specifically on the role of value predispositions, specific emotional dimensions of affect heuristics, and perceptions pertaining to high voltage power line risks and benefits. Using original data collected from a statewide Internet survey of 420 local leaders and key policymakers about their opinions on the related issues, other factors claimed by previous literature, including trust, knowledge level, and demographic characteristics are considered. Analytical results suggest that grid-group cultural predispositions, as deeply held core values within local policy elites' individual belief systems, both directly and indirectly -- through affective feelings -- shape perceived utility associated with the installation of high voltage power lines. Recognizing that risk perceptions factor into policy decisions, some practical considerations for better designing policy addressing controversial issues of this nature.

  18. A look-up-table digital predistortion technique for high-voltage power amplifiers in ultrasonic applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Zheng; Gui, Ping

    2012-07-01

    In this paper, we present a digital predistortion technique to improve the linearity and power efficiency of a high-voltage class-AB power amplifier (PA) for ultrasound transmitters. The system is composed of a digital-to-analog converter (DAC), an analog-to-digital converter (ADC), and a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) in which the digital predistortion (DPD) algorithm is implemented. The DPD algorithm updates the error, which is the difference between the ideal signal and the attenuated distorted output signal, in the look-up table (LUT) memory during each cycle of a sinusoidal signal using the least-mean-square (LMS) algorithm. On the next signal cycle, the error data are used to equalize the signal with negative harmonic components to cancel the amplifier's nonlinear response. The algorithm also includes a linear interpolation method applied to the windowed sinusoidal signals for the B-mode and Doppler modes. The measurement test bench uses an arbitrary function generator as the DAC to generate the input signal, an oscilloscope as the ADC to capture the output waveform, and software to implement the DPD algorithm. The measurement results show that the proposed system is able to reduce the second-order harmonic distortion (HD2) by 20 dB and the third-order harmonic distortion (HD3) by 14.5 dB, while at the same time improving the power efficiency by 18%. PMID:22828849

  19. Radioisotope Power Supply Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Between 1998 and 2003, Hi-Z Technology developed and built a 40 mW radioisotope power supply (RPS) that used a 1 watt radioisotope heater unit (RHU) as the energy...

  20. Mobile Uninterruptible Power Supply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mears, Robert L.

    1990-01-01

    Proposed mobile unit provides 20 kVA of uninterruptible power. Used with mobile secondary power-distribution centers to provide power to test equipment with minimal cabling, hazards, and obstacles. Wheeled close to test equipment and system being tested so only short cable connections needed. Quickly moved and set up in new location. Uninterruptible power supply intended for tests which data lost or equipment damaged during even transient power failure.

  1. Background information on policy for aboveground high-voltage power transmission lines; Achtergronden beleid bovengrondse hoogspanningslijnen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelfkens, G.; Pruppers, M. [Laboratorium voor Stralingsonderzoek, Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM, Bilthoven (Netherlands)

    2006-07-01

    Since October 2005 the Dutch government recommends provinces, municipalities and grid managers to prevent the installation of power lines with magnetic fields stronger than 0.4 microtesla. In this article it is highlighted why such policy was implemented, what the contents are and which analyses have been carried out of which the results form the basis of that policy. [Dutch] Sinds oktober 2005 adviseert de rijksoverheid aan provincies, gemeenten en netbeheerders om bij nieuwe activiteiten te voorkomen dat er woningen, scholen, creches en kinderdagverblijven komen te liggen binnen een zone waar het magnetische veld sterker is dan 0,4 microtesla. Dit artikel licht toe waarom het beleid is gemaakt, hoe het beleid er precies uitziet en welke analyses RIVM ter onderbouwing van het beleid heeft uitgevoerd.

  2. Switching time control on power high voltage bipolar transistors for high definition VDT by electron irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Transistors used as switches in horizontal deflection circuits for high definition TV and Video Display Terminals were subjected to electron irradiation using a 12 MeV linear accelerator. The use of electron irradiation has made possible a fine control of the charge carrier lifetime thus improving the switching time and greatly reducing the power losses at turn-on and turn-off. Devices able to work at horizontal deflection frequency from 32 kHz up to 64 kHz, 1.2-1.5 kV and to handle current between 2 and 10A have been obtained. The effects of the thermal processes, that the irradiated devices undergo during assembly and packaging operations, have been investigated. (author)

  3. The effect of high voltage power lines on radon concentrations in air using solid state nuclear track detector CR-39 in Baghdad city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work involves the study of the effect of high Voltage power lines 400kV on radon concentration and its decay products using products using nuclear track detectors CR-39 in Baghdad city for one month inside and outside Bob Al-Sham station 400kV as well as in a number of the houses which are very close to the high voltage power during autumn. The concentrations of radon were determined through the comparison with the standard samples, and through the concluded results, we find that the value of weighted average of radon concentration inside the building which are under the effect of high voltage 400kV was (91.77 ± 0.12Bq/m3), As for the buildings which are far from the high voltage lines at distance 600m, it was equal to (23.27±0.773Bq/m3) and outside the buildings (13.63±0.99 Bq/m3). The results of the study show the increase of radon concentration in the ares which are close to high voltage power lines clear effect of high voltage power lines upon the concentration of radon, and this influence increases with increase of the force of electromagnetic field as well as the near distance with these lines. The increase of concentration was due to the fact that the walls of the buildings are considered to be the main source for generating radon inside the building as well as the building history and their height upon the level of earth surface. (Author)

  4. Technological Aspects: High Voltage

    OpenAIRE

    Faircloth, D. C.

    2014-01-01

    This paper covers the theory and technological aspects of high-voltage design for ion sources. Electric field strengths are critical to understanding high-voltage breakdown. The equations governing electric fields and the techniques to solve them are discussed. The fundamental physics of high-voltage breakdown and electrical discharges are outlined. Different types of electrical discharges are catalogued and their behaviour in environments ranging from air to vacuum are deta...

  5. Switch mode power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book concentrates on switch mode power supply. It has four parts, which are introduction of switch mode power supply with DC-DC converter such as Buck converter boost converter, Buck-boost converter and PWM control circuit, explanation for SMPS with DC-DC converter modeling and power mode control, resonance converter like resonance switch, converter, multi resonance converter and series resonance and parallel resonance converters, basic test of SMPS with PWM control circuit, Buck converter, Boost converter, flyback converter, forward converter and IC for control circuit.

  6. Verification of the windings axial clamping forces for high voltage power transformers by using passively mode-locked fiber lasers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ?chiopu, Ionuţ Romeo; ?gulinescu, Andrei, Dr; Iord?nescu, Raluca; Marinescu, Andrei

    2015-02-01

    The current paper describes an optoelectronic method for direct monitoring of the axial clamping forces both in static and in dynamic duty. As advantages of this method we can state that it can be applied both to new and refurbished transformers without performing constructive changes or affecting in any way the transformer safety in operation. For monitoring the axial clamping forces for high-voltage (HV) power transformers, we use an optical fiber that we integrate into the laser cavity of a passively mode-locked fiber laser (PMFL). To each axial clamp corresponds a solitonic optical spectrum that is changed at the periodical passing of the fundamental soliton pulse through the sensitive fiber inside the transformer. Moreover, as a specific characteristic, the laser stability is unique for each set of axial clamping forces. Other important advantages of using an optical fiber as compared to the classical approach in which electronic sensors are used consist in the good reliability and insulator properties of the optical fiber, avoiding any risk of fire or damage of the transformer.

  7. Best use of high-voltage, high-powered electron beams: a new approach to contract irradiation services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Japan's first high-voltage, high-powered electron beam processing center is scheduled to come on-line during the first half of 1999. The center explores both challenges and opportunities of how best to use the 200 kW 10 MeV unit and its 5 MeV X-ray line. In particular, Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd. (NFI) has expanded the traditional model of a contract irradiation facility to include a much broader scope of services such as door-to-door transport, storage, and direct distribution to its customer's end-users. The new business scope not only finds new value-added components in a competitive marketplace, but serves to provide a viable mechanism to take advantage of the processing logistics of high throughput irradiation units. As such, the center features a high-capacity warehousing system, monitored by a newly developed PCMS (plant control management system), which has been comprehensively integrated into the irradiation unit's handling system, and will require only minimal human resources for its high rate of material handling. The identification and development of initial markets for this first unit will be discussed, concluding with how this same operational philosophy can help break open new irradiation segments in medical devices, consumer goods, animal feed, and food markets and NFI's other efforts in these same areas. (author)

  8. Best use of high-voltage, high-powered electron beams: a new approach to contract irradiation services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, T.

    2000-03-01

    Japan's first high-voltage, high-powered electron beam processing center is scheduled to come on-line during the first half of 1999. The center explores both challenges and opportunities of how best to use the 200 kW 10 MeV unit and its 5 MeV X-ray line. In particular, Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd. (NFI) has expanded the traditional model of a contract irradiation facility to include a much broader scope of services such as door-to-door transport, storage, and direct distribution to its customer's end-users. The new business scope not only finds new value-added components in a competitive marketplace, but serves to provide a viable mechanism to take advantage of the processing logistics of high throughput irradiation units. As such, the center features a high-capacity warehousing system, monitored by a newly developed PCMS (plant control management system), which has been comprehensively integrated into the irradiation unit's handling system, and will require only minimal human resources for its high rate of material handling. The identification and development of initial markets for this first unit will be discussed, concluding with how this same operational philosophy can help break open new irradiation segments in medical devices, consumer goods, animal feed, and food markets and NFI's other efforts in these same areas.

  9. 30 CFR 75.825 - Power centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...center supplying high voltage power to the continuous... (b) Trailing cable disconnecting device...this section, the power center must be...circuit that supplies power to a high-voltage continuous...disconnecting switch or a cable coupler....

  10. Engineering Design of the ITER AC/DC Power Supplies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To design high power pulse power supplies, especially in huge power supplies have not designed till now, it is necessary to analyze a system's characteristics and relations with another systems as well as to know high voltage, high current control technologies. Contents of this project are; - Study for the engineering designs changed recently by ITER Organization(IO) and writing specifications for the power supplies to reduce project risk. - Detailed analysis of the AC/DC Converters and writing subtask reports on the Task Agreement. - Study for thyristor numbers, DCR's specifications for Korea-China sharing meetings. - Study for the grounding systems of the ITER power supply system. The results may used as one of reference for practical designs of the high power coil power supplies and also may used in various field such as electroplating, plasma arc furnaces, electric furnaces

  11. High voltage designing of 300.000 Volt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some methods of designing a.c and d.c high voltage supplies are discussed. A high voltage supply for the Gama Research Centre accelerator is designed using transistor pulse generators. High voltage transformers being made using radio transistor ferrits as a core are also discussed. (author)

  12. Nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) low cost generator design using power MOSFET and Cockcroft-Walton multiplier circuit as high voltage DC source

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sulaeman, M. Y.; Widita, R. [Department of Physics, Nuclear Physics and Biophysics Research Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung (Indonesia)

    2014-09-30

    Purpose: Non-ionizing radiation therapy for cancer using pulsed electric field with high intensity field has become an interesting field new research topic. A new method using nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) offers a novel means to treat cancer. Not like the conventional electroporation, nsPEFs able to create nanopores in all membranes of the cell, including membrane in cell organelles, like mitochondria and nucleus. NsPEFs will promote cell death in several cell types, including cancer cell by apoptosis mechanism. NsPEFs will use pulse with intensity of electric field higher than conventional electroporation, between 20–100 kV/cm and with shorter duration of pulse than conventional electroporation. NsPEFs requires a generator to produce high voltage pulse and to achieve high intensity electric field with proper pulse width. However, manufacturing cost for creating generator that generates a high voltage with short duration for nsPEFs purposes is highly expensive. Hence, the aim of this research is to obtain the low cost generator design that is able to produce a high voltage pulse with nanosecond width and will be used for nsPEFs purposes. Method: Cockcroft-Walton multiplier circuit will boost the input of 220 volt AC into high voltage DC around 1500 volt and it will be combined by a series of power MOSFET as a fast switch to obtain a high voltage with nanosecond pulse width. The motivation using Cockcroft-Walton multiplier is to acquire a low-cost high voltage DC generator; it will use capacitors and diodes arranged like a step. Power MOSFET connected in series is used as voltage divider to share the high voltage in order not to damage them. Results: This design is expected to acquire a low-cost generator that can achieve the high voltage pulse in amount of ?1.5 kV with falltime 3 ns and risetime 15 ns into a 50? load that will be used for nsPEFs purposes. Further detailed on the circuit design will be explained at presentation.

  13. Nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) low cost generator design using power MOSFET and Cockcroft-Walton multiplier circuit as high voltage DC source

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Non-ionizing radiation therapy for cancer using pulsed electric field with high intensity field has become an interesting field new research topic. A new method using nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) offers a novel means to treat cancer. Not like the conventional electroporation, nsPEFs able to create nanopores in all membranes of the cell, including membrane in cell organelles, like mitochondria and nucleus. NsPEFs will promote cell death in several cell types, including cancer cell by apoptosis mechanism. NsPEFs will use pulse with intensity of electric field higher than conventional electroporation, between 20–100 kV/cm and with shorter duration of pulse than conventional electroporation. NsPEFs requires a generator to produce high voltage pulse and to achieve high intensity electric field with proper pulse width. However, manufacturing cost for creating generator that generates a high voltage with short duration for nsPEFs purposes is highly expensive. Hence, the aim of this research is to obtain the low cost generator design that is able to produce a high voltage pulse with nanosecond width and will be used for nsPEFs purposes. Method: Cockcroft-Walton multiplier circuit will boost the input of 220 volt AC into high voltage DC around 1500 volt and it will be combined by a series of power MOSFET as a fast switch to obtain a high voltage with nanosecond pulse width. The motivation using Cockcroft-Walton multiplier is to acquire a low-cost high voltage DC generator; it will use capacitors and diodes arranged like a step. Power MOSFET connected in series is used as voltage divider to share the high voltage in order not to damage them. Results: This design is expected to acquire a low-cost generator that can achieve the high voltage pulse in amount of ?1.5 kV with falltime 3 ns and risetime 15 ns into a 50? load that will be used for nsPEFs purposes. Further detailed on the circuit design will be explained at presentation

  14. APS power supply controls

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this document is to provide comprehensive coverage of the APS power supply control design. This includes application software, embedded controller software, networks, and hardware. The basic components will be introduced first, followed by the requirements driving the overall design. Subsequent sections will address each component of the design one by one. Latter sections will address specific applications

  15. High-voltage engineering and testing

    CERN Document Server

    Ryan, Hugh M

    2013-01-01

    This 3rd edition of High Voltage Engineering Testing describes strategic developments in the field and reflects on how they can best be managed. All the key components of high voltage and distribution systems are covered including electric power networks, UHV and HV. Distribution systems including HVDC and power electronic systems are also considered.

  16. High voltage test techniques

    CERN Document Server

    Kind, Dieter

    2001-01-01

    The second edition of High Voltage Test Techniques has been completely revised. The present revision takes into account the latest international developments in High Voltage and Measurement technology, making it an essential reference for engineers in the testing field.High Voltage Technology belongs to the traditional area of Electrical Engineering. However, this is not to say that the area has stood still. New insulating materials, computing methods and voltage levels repeatedly pose new problems or open up methods of solution; electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) or components and systems al

  17. PROBLEMS OF ECONOMIC CRITERIA APPLICATION TO CALCULATION AND DESIGN OF HIGH-VOLTAGE PLASTIC-INSULATED POWER CABLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.V. Golik

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Results of cable transmitting capacity calculation for voltage of up to 220 kV are analyzed. The work is devoted to creation of a current rating calculation technique for high-voltage cross-linked polyethylene cables.

  18. Living near overhead high voltage transmission power lines as a risk factor for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohrabi, Mohammad-Reza; Tarjoman, Termeh; Abadi, Alireza; Yavari, Parvin

    2010-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate association of living near high voltage power lines with occurrence of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Through a case-control study 300 children aged 1-18 years with confirmed ALL were selected from all referral teaching centers for cancer. They interviewed for history of living near overhead high voltage power lines during at least past two years and compared with 300 controls which were individually matched for sex and approximate age. Logistic regression, chi square and paired t-tests were used for analysis when appropriate. The case group were living significantly closer to power lines (P<0.001). More than half of the cases were exposed to two or three types of power lines (P<0.02). Using logistic regression, odds ratio of 2.61 (95%CI: 1.73 to 3.94) calculated for less than 600 meters far from the nearest lines against more than 600 meters. This ratio estimated as 9.93 (95%CI: 3.47 to 28.5) for 123 KV, 10.78 (95%CI: 3.75 to 31) for 230 KV and 2.98 (95%CI: 0.93 to 9.54) for 400 KV lines. Odds of ALL decreased 0.61 for every 600 meters from the nearest power line. This study emphasizes that living close to high voltage power lines is a risk for ALL. PMID:20843128

  19. Dual voltage power supply with 48 volt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Froeschl, Joachim; Proebstle, Hartmut; Sirch, Ottmar [BMW Group, Muenchen (Germany)

    2012-11-01

    Automotive electrics/electronics have just reached a period of tremendous change. High voltage systems for Hybrid, Plug-In Hybrid or Battery Electric Vehicles with high power electric motors, high energy accumulators and electric climate compressors will be introduced in order to achieve the challenging targets for CO{sub 2} emissions and energy efficiency and to anticipate the mobility of the future. Additionally, innovations and the continuous increase of functionality for comfort, safety, driver assistance and infotainment systems require more and more electrical power of the vehicle power supply at all. On the one hand side electrified vehicles will certainly achieve a significant market share, on the other hand side they will increase the pressure to conventional vehicles with combustion engines for fuel consumption and CO{sub 2} emissions. These vehicles will be enabled to keep their competitiveness by new functions and the optimization of their electric systems. A dual voltage power supply with 48 Volt and 12 Volt will be one of the key technologies to realize these requirements. The power capability of the existing 12 Volt power supply has reached its limits. Further potentials can only be admitted by the introduction of 48 Volt. For this reason the car manufacturers Audi, BMW, Daimler, Porsche and Volkswagen started very early on this item and developed a common specification of the new voltage range. Now, it is necessary to identify the probable systems at this voltage range and to start the developments. (orig.)

  20. High-power test of a prototype of power supplies for UHF klystrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Modurating-anode type UHF klystrons will be used as rf power sources for an RFQ linac and drift-tube-linacs (DTL) in the JHP. We designed and constructed a prototype of the power supplies which provide high-voltage pulse power to the klystrons. A high-power test of the prototype was carried out using a UHF klystron (THOMSON TH2134) as a load. In this report, the test results are described. (author)

  1. High-voltage distributors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mcchesney, J. F., Jr.

    1974-01-01

    Two distributors reduce high-voltage breakdowns and corona discharges. Both distributors are constructed to prevent air traps and facilitate servicing without soldering. Occurrence of coronas is also minimized due to smooth surfaces of device.

  2. Rechargeable power supply:

    OpenAIRE

    Den Uijl, S.; Bouman, C.; Smit, W.

    2006-01-01

    The invention relates to a rechargeable power supply suitable to be used in a battery-operated device comprising at least one supercapacitor and at least a first and a second DC-DC converter connected in series, wherein the supercapacitor is connectable to an entry of the first DC-DC converter and the device is connectable to an exit of the second DC-DC converter.

  3. Establishment of high ground power supply center at Onagawa Nuclear Power Station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A large earthquake occurred on March 11, 2011 and tsunami was generated following it. The East Japan suffered serious damage by the earthquake and tsunami. This is called the Great East Japan Earthquake. Onagawa Nuclear Power Station (NPS) is located closest to the epicenter of Great East Japan Earthquake. We experienced intense shake by the earthquake and some flooding from the tsunami, however, we have succeeded safely cold shutdown of the reactors. In this paper, we introduce the reinforcement of power supply to increase reliability and power supply center with high voltage electric power supply trucks which is original treatment at Onagawa NPS. (author)

  4. Power- Supply Network Modeling

    OpenAIRE

    Levant, Jean-Luc; Ramdani, Mohamed; Perdriau, Richard

    2002-01-01

    This work deals with the extraction of ICEM parameters and its validation on the power supply network of a 8-bit microcontroller. The objective of the ICEM model [1] (Integrated Circuit Electromagnetic Model) for Components is to propose electrical modeling for conducted and radiation emission prediction [2]. The ICEM model is based on two sub-models. The first one models the power network of the I.C. and the second one models the I.C. activity as a current generator. The ICEM model can be us...

  5. High voltage boost DC-Dc converter suitable for variable voltage sources and high power photovoltaic application

    OpenAIRE

    Mwaniki, Fredrick Mukundi

    2013-01-01

    Important considerations of a photovoltaic (PV) source are achieving a high voltage and drawing currents with very little ripple component from it. Furthermore, the output from such a source is variable depending on irradiation and temperature. In this research, literature review of prior methods employed to boost the output voltage of a PV source is examined and their limitations identified. This research then proposes a multi-phase tapped-coupled inductor boost DC-DC converter that can achi...

  6. Increased risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by prenatal and postnatal exposure to high voltage power lines: a case control study in Isfahan, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabrizi, Maral Mazloomi; Bidgoli, Sepideh Arbabi

    2015-01-01

    Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is one of the most common hematologic malignancies, accounting for one fourth of all childhood cancer cases. Exposure to environmental factors around the time of conception or pregnancy can increase the risk of ALL in the offspring.This study aimed to evaluted the role of prenatal and postnatal exposure to high voltage power lines on the incidence of childhood ALL.This cross-sectional case control study was carried out on 22 cases and 100 controls who were born and lived in low socioeconomic families in Isfahan and hospitalized for therapeutic purposes in different hospitals from 2013-2014.With regard to the underlying risk factors, familial history and parental factors were noted but in this age, socioeonomic and zonal matched case control study, prenatal and childhood exposure to high voltage power lines was considered as the most important environmental risk factors of ALL (p=0.006, OR=3.651, CI 95%, 1.692-7.878). As the population was of low socioeconomic background, use of mobiles, computers and microwave was negligible. Moreover prenatal and postnatal exposure to indoor electrically charged objects was not determined to be a significant environmental factor. Thus, pre and post natal exposure to high voltage power lines and living in pollutant regions as well as familial influence could be described as risk factors of ALL for the first time in a low socioeconomic status Iranian population. PMID:25824762

  7. Bipolar Pulsed-DC Power Supply for Magnetron Sputtering and Thin Films Synthesis

    OpenAIRE

    Vittaya Amornkitbamrung; Tosawat Seetawan; Ian Thomas; Weerasak Somkhunthot; Thanusit Burinprakhon

    2007-01-01

    A pulsed-dc power supply has been designed and constructed for use in a magnetron sputtering system and forthin film synthesis. The power supply consists of three major parts: (1) two high voltage direct current (dc) power suppliesutilizing a phase control circuit for power delivery, (2) pulse generator and two power switching circuits, and (3) feedbackcircuits for current and voltage controls, displays, and safety measures. For a high level of safety operation, opticalconnections were employ...

  8. Electrical Structure of Future Off-shore Wind Power Plant with a High Voltage Direct Current Power Transmission

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharma, Ranjan

    2012-01-01

    The increasing demand of electric power and the growing consciousness towards the changing climate has led to a rapid development of renewable energy in the recent years. Among all, wind energy has been the fastest growing energy source in the last decade. But the growing size of wind power plants, better wind conditions at off-shore and the general demand to put them out of sight have all contributed to the installation of large wind power plants in off-shore condition. However, moving wind power plants far out in the off-shore comes with many associated problems. One of the main challenges is the transmission of power over long distance. Historically, the power transmission from off-shore wind power plants has been done via HVAC submarine cables. This provides a simple solution, but AC cables cannot be arbitrarily long. It is shown in the report that major issues with HVAC cable transmission system are related to surplus reactive power and added losses. On the other hand, HVDC transmission system can be arbitrarily long and for long distance power transmission requirement it provides much better efficiency compared to a corresponding HVAC system. HVDC may provide a viable solution for high power transmission over long distances, but some issues related to fulfilling different grid code requirements still need further clarification. A transmission system should foremost provide a stable power transmission and participate in network stabilizing by providing efficient support for AC voltage control and frequency response requirements. These objectives are discussed and verification with simulation results is included in the report. A concept of negative sequence voltage compensation during small voltage unbalances and asymmetrical faults at the grid are also discussed. Secondly, a large WPP is not allowed to trip off during temporary grid side faults, commonly described as low voltage fault-ride-through requirement. There are four different fault-ride-through options discussed in the report. The first option includes controlling of collector network frequency. This provides a very good opportunity to use simple fixed speed wind turbines in the wind power plant. Induction generators attached to a large rotating mass show good response to frequency rise by allowing the rotor to speed up while reducing the active power output. However, it is observed that the post fault recovery process is very difficult to control and as such a high current capacity of the WPP side VSC might be required. Detailed simulation results are included in the report. The other option is to use a DC chopper, the results of which are also presented in detail in the report. It is observed that a DC chopper can provide a simple solution but the efforts required to remove the total heat during power dissipation is enormous. Alternatively, a telecommunication signal may be used, but the reliability and speed of such a system is in doubt. Finally, a controlled AC voltage drop at the collector network is derived and discussed in detail. It is illustrated in the report that such an option is advantageous in the sense that a fault at the grid side and at the wind power plant side can be dealt in the same way. More importantly, a similar wind turbine type can be used regardless of HVAC or HVDC connection strategy. A good co-ordination between the full-scale wind turbine and wind power plant side voltage sourced converter is also verified in the laboratory model based on real time digital simulation of wind turbine connected to an external voltage source converter via a power amplifier . The overall results show that the power transmission from long distance off-shore wind power plant is viable via HVDC system and at the same time the strict gird code requirements can also be fulfilled by selecting proper control methods.

  9. Electrical Structure of Future Off-shore Wind Power Plant with a High Voltage Direct Current Power Transmission

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharma, Ranjan

    2012-01-01

    The increasing demand of electric power and the growing consciousness towards the changing climate has led to a rapid development of renewable energy in the recent years. Among all, wind energy has been the fastest growing energy source in the last decade. But the growing size of wind power plants, better wind conditions at off-shore and the general demand to put them out of sight have all contributed to the installation of large wind power plants in off-shore condition. However, moving wind pow...

  10. Resonance power supplies for large accelerator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The resonance power supply has been proposed as an efficient power supply for a future 6 GB, keon producing accelerator. This report presents a detailed analysis of the circuit operation. Based on these analyses each component is designed, one line diagram is developed, component requirements are determined and a detailed cost estimate is prepared. The major components of the system are: the magnet power supply, high voltage by-pass thyristor switch, with l0kA repetitive interruption capability, capacitor banks, capacitor bank thyristor switch, and an energy make up device. The most important components are the bypass thyristor switch and the energy injection device. The bypass thyristor switch is designed to turn on and interrupt to 10 kA dc current with a recovery voltage of 20kV and repetition frequency of 3 Hz. The switch consists of a large array of series and parallel connected thyristors and gate turn off (GTO) devices. The make up energy device is designed to replace the circuit energy losses. A capacitor bank is charged with constant current and discharged during the acceleration period. One of the advantages of the developed circuit is that it can be supplied directly from the local power network. In order to prove the validity of the assumptions, a scaled down model circuit was thoroughly tested. These tests proved that the engineering design of critical components is correct and this resonant power supply can be properly controlled by an inventer/rectifier connected in series with the magnet and by the make up energy device. This finding reduces the system cost

  11. High energy X-ray emission driven by high voltage circuit system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The x-rays are produced by high voltage discharge applied inside plasma source interaction chamber; the control circuit system of high voltage is composed of a power supply and a LC-inverter. The goal of the project is based on the production of x-rays by a plasma to increase the efficiency of a classic x-ray tube with hot filament. Preliminary results of high energy x-rays emission, the layout and simulation with p-spice of the high voltage system are presented.

  12. Characterisation of the VELO High Voltage System

    OpenAIRE

    Rakotomiaramanana, B; Parkes, C.(School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom); Eklund, L.

    2008-01-01

    The high voltage system supplies the bias voltage to the 88 silicon sensors which comprise the LHCb Vertex Locator (VELO). This note describes the results of the tests which have been performed on the hardware of the high voltage system of the VELO. Each individual test detailed in this note corresponds to a specific requirement of the system. These requirements arise primarily from ensuring the safety of the silicon sensors and the quality of the data taken from the VELO mo...

  13. Design and development of power supplies for high power IOT based RF amplifier

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Design, development, circuit topology, function of system components and key system specifications of different power supplies for biasing electrodes of Thales Inductive Output Tube (IOT) based high power RF amplifier are presented in this paper. A high voltage power supply (-30 kV, 3.2A dc) with fast (?microsecond) crowbar protection circuit is designed, developed and commissioned at VECC for testing the complete setup. Other power supplies for biasing grid electrode (300V, 0.5A dc) and Ion Pump (3 kV, 0.1mA dc) of IOT are also designed, developed and tested with actual load. A HV Deck (60kV Isolation) is specially designed in house to place these power supplies which are floating at 30 kV. All these power supplies are powered by an Isolation Transformer (5 kVA, 60 kV isolation) designed and developed in VECC. (author)

  14. Development of an Open Source Power Flow Software for High Voltage Direct Current Grids and Hybrid AC/DC Systems: MatACDC

    OpenAIRE

    Beerten, Jef; Belmans, Ronnie

    2015-01-01

    This study presents the creation of a new simulation tool,MATACDC. It is the first open source program for power flow analysis of high voltage direct current (HVDC) grids and hybrid AC/DC systems and uses state-of-the-art developments in the field of HVDC grids research. MATACDC is based on MATLAB and has been fully integrated with the AC system power flow routines from MATPOWER. The software includes all the models needed to study the steady-state interaction of AC and DC systems for a wide ...

  15. Compact, Lightweight, High Voltage Propellant Isolators Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — TA&T, Inc. proposes an enabling fabrication process for high voltage isolators required in high power solar electric and nuclear electric propulsion (SEP and...

  16. Instrumentation architecture for ITER diagnostic neutral beam power supply system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Neutral Beam (NB) Injection system is used for heating or diagnostics of the plasma in a Tokamak. The Diagnostics Neutral Beam (DNB) system for ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) based on acceleration of negative ions; injects a neutral (H0) beam at 100 KeV with specified modulation into the plasma for charge exchange recombination spectroscopy. DNB Power Supply (DNBPS) system consists of various high voltage power supplies, high current power supplies and RF Generators. The system operates in a given operating sequence; very high electromagnetic transients are intrinsically generated during frequent short circuit at the accelerator grid (breakdowns) and sudden loss of load (Beam off). Instrumentation is to be provided to operate the DNBPS system remotely with required control and protection in synchronisation with ITER operation as directed by CODAC (COntrol Data Access and Communication); the central control system for ITER. Instrumentation functionality includes 1. Operation and control of DNBPS subsystems and associated auxiliaries 2. Protection of DNB components and power supplies using interlock system, 3. To ensure safe operation of high voltage hazardous systems 4. Acquisition of injector performance parameters and 5. To facilitate test and maintenance of individual subsystem. This paper discusses about proposed DNBPS instrumentation architecture. The design generally follows the protocols from the ITER- Plant Control Design Handbook (PCDH). (author)

  17. RICH High Voltages & PDF Analysis @ LHCb

    CERN Multimedia

    Fanchini, E

    2009-01-01

    In the LHCb experiment an important issue is the identification of the hadrons of the final states of the B mesons decays. Two RICH subdetectors are devoted to this task, and the Hybrid Photon Detectors (HPDs) are the photodetectors used to detect Cherenkov light. In this poster there is a description of how the very high voltage (-18 KV) supply stability used to power the HPDs is monitored. It is also presented the basics of a study which can be done with the first collision data: the analysis of the dimuons from the Drell-Yan process. This process is well known and the acceptance of the LHCb detector in terms of pseudorapidity will be very useful to improve the knowledge of the proton structure functions or, alternatively, try to estimate the luminosity from it.

  18. Analysis of a novel autonomous marine hybrid power generation/energy storage system with a high-voltage direct current link

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, L.; Lee, D. J.; Lee, W. J.; Chen, Zhe

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents both time-domain and frequency-domain simulated results of a novel marine hybrid renewable-energy power generation/energy storage system (PG/ESS) feeding isolated loads through an high-voltage direct current (HVDC) link. The studied marine PG subsystems comprise both offshore wind turbines andWells turbines to respectively capture wind energy and wave energy from marine wind and oceanwave. In addition to wind-turbine generators(WTGs) andwave-energy turbine generators (WETGs) ...

  19. High voltage engineering fundamentals

    CERN Document Server

    Kuffel, E; Hammond, P

    1984-01-01

    Provides a comprehensive treatment of high voltage engineering fundamentals at the introductory and intermediate levels. It covers: techniques used for generation and measurement of high direct, alternating and surge voltages for general application in industrial testing and selected special examples found in basic research; analytical and numerical calculation of electrostatic fields in simple practical insulation system; basic ionisation and decay processes in gases and breakdown mechanisms of gaseous, liquid and solid dielectrics; partial discharges and modern discharge detectors; and over

  20. High voltage pulse conditioning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springfield, Ray M. (Sante Fe, NM); Wheat, Jr., Robert M. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1990-01-01

    Apparatus for conditioning high voltage pulses from particle accelerators in order to shorten the rise times of the pulses. Flashover switches in the cathode stalk of the transmission line hold off conduction for a determinable period of time, reflecting the early portion of the pulses. Diodes upstream of the switches divert energy into the magnetic and electrostatic storage of the capacitance and inductance inherent to the transmission line until the switches close.

  1. High-voltage picoamperemeter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Current measurements in the nano- and picoampere region on high voltage are an important tool to understand charge transfer processes in micropattern gas detectors like the Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM). They are currently used to e.g. optimize the field configuration in a multi-GEM stack to be used in the ALICE TPC after the upgrade of the experiment during the 2nd long shutdown of the LHC. Devices which allow measurements down to 1pA at high voltage up to 6 kV have been developed at TU Muenchen. They are based on analog current measurements via the voltage drop over a switchable shunt. A microcontroller collects 128 digital ADC values and calculates their mean and standard deviation. This information is sent with a wireless transmitting unit to a computer and stored in a root file. A nearly unlimited number of devices can be operated simultaneously and read out by a single receiver. The results can also be displayed on a LCD directly at the device. Battery operation and the wireless readout are important to protect the user from any contact to high voltage. The principle of the device is explained, and systematic studies of their properties are shown.

  2. Design and Development of High Voltage Direct Current (DC) Sources for the Solar Array Module Plasma Interaction Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bibyk, Irene K.; Wald, Lawrence W.

    1995-01-01

    Two programmable, high voltage DC power supplies were developed as part of the flight electronics for the Solar Array Module Plasma Interaction Experiment (SAMPIE). SAMPIE's primary objectives were to study and characterize the high voltage arcing and parasitic current losses of various solar cells and metal samples within the space plasma of low earth orbit (LEO). High voltage arcing can cause large discontinuous changes in spacecraft potential which lead to damage of the power system materials and significant Electromagnetic Interference (EMI). Parasitic currents cause a change in floating potential which lead to reduced power efficiency. These primary SAMPIE objectives were accomplished by applying artificial biases across test samples over a voltage range from -600 VDC to +300 VDC. This paper chronicles the design, final development, and test of the two programmable high voltage sources for SAMPIE. The technical challenges to the design for these power supplies included vacuum, space plasma effects, thermal protection, Shuttle vibrations and accelerations.

  3. Practical switching power supply design

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, Martin C

    1990-01-01

    Take the ""black magic"" out of switching power supplies with Practical Switching Power Supply Design! This is a comprehensive ""hands-on"" guide to the theory behind, and design of, PWM and resonant switching supplies. You'll find information on switching supply operation and selecting an appropriate topology for your application. There's extensive coverage of buck, boost, flyback, push-pull, half bridge, and full bridge regulator circuits. Special attention is given to semiconductors used in switching supplies. RFI/EMI reduction, grounding, testing, and safety standards are also deta

  4. Design and Construction of a Test Bench to Characterize Efficiency and Reliability of High Voltage Battery Energy Storage Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Blank, Tobias; Thomas, Stephan; Roggendorf, Christoph; Pollok, Thomas; Trintis, Ionut; Sauer, Dirk Uwe

    2010-01-01

    Stationary battery energy storage systems are widely used for uninterruptible power supply systems. Furthermore, they are able to provide grid services. This yields in rising installed power and capacity. One possibility uses high voltage batteries. This results in an improvement of the overall system efficiency. High voltage batteries may be advantageous for future medium voltage DC-grids as well. In all cases, high availability and reliability is indispensable. Investigations on the operati...

  5. Design and Construction of a Test Bench to Characterize Efficiency and Reliability of High Voltage Battery Energy Storage Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blank, Tobias; Thomas, Stephan; Roggendorf, Christoph; Pollok, Thomas; Trintis, Ionut; Sauer, Dirk Uwe

    2010-01-01

    Stationary battery energy storage systems are widely used for uninterruptible power supply systems. Furthermore, they are able to provide grid services. This yields in rising installed power and capacity. One possibility uses high voltage batteries. This results in an improvement of the overall system efficiency. High voltage batteries may be advantageous for future medium voltage DC-grids as well. In all cases, high availability and reliability is indispensable. Investigations on the operating ...

  6. A high-power high-voltage multi-pulse twin-output driver for radiation generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the second phase of a research programme aimed at producing twin series of high-voltage pulses from the single discharge of a capacitor into multiple arrays of exploding metallic wires. Details of the design and construction of a generator that is able to produce either three 200 kV pulses, two 250 kV pulses or a single 500 kV pulse, on resistive loads between 50 and 100 ? at each output, are given. In addition to describing the design of the exploding wire arrays, the paper also details other ancillary equipment that is needed for the generator. This includes the two compact air-cored transformers that provide the twin series of output pulses at the required voltage. The experimental performance of the generator is shown to be close to that predicted by numerical modelling. Results are presented with the resistive loads replaced by x-ray heads, and ways by which the system can be further developed to drive microwave sources are discussed. (author)

  7. Space Charge Behavior in Paper Insulation Induced by Copper Sulfide in High-Voltage Direct Current Power Transformers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruijin Liao

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The main insulation system in high-voltage direct current (HVDC transformer consists of oil-paper insulation. The formation of space charge in insulation paper is crucial for the dielectric strength. Unfortunately, space charge behavior changes because of the corrosive sulfur substance in oil. This paper presents the space charge behavior in insulation paper induced by copper sulfide generated by corrosive sulfur in insulation oil. Thermal aging tests of paper-wrapped copper strip called the pigtail model were conducted at 130 °C in laboratory. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM was used to observe the surface of copper and paper. Pulse electroacoustic (PEA and thermally stimulated current (TSC methods were used to obtain the space charge behavior in paper. Results showed that both maximum and total amount of space charge increased for the insulation paper contaminated by semi-conductor chemical substance copper sulfide. The space charge decay rate of contaminated paper was significantly enhanced after the polarization voltage was removed. The TSC results revealed that copper sulfide increased the trap density and lowered the shallow trap energy levels. These results contributed to charge transportation by de-trapping and trapping processes. This improved charge transportation could be the main reason for the decreased breakdown voltage of paper insulation material.

  8. Design & Fabrication of a High-Voltage Photovoltaic Cell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Felder, Jennifer; /North Carolina State U. /SLAC

    2012-09-05

    Silicon photovoltaic (PV) cells are alternative energy sources that are important in sustainable power generation. Currently, applications of PV cells are limited by the low output voltage and somewhat low efficiency of such devices. In light of this fact, this project investigates the possibility of fabricating high-voltage PV cells on float-zone silicon wafers having output voltages ranging from 50 V to 2000 V. Three designs with different geometries of diffusion layers were simulated and compared in terms of metal coverage, recombination, built-in potential, and conduction current density. One design was then chosen and optimized to be implemented in the final device design. The results of the simulation serve as a feasibility test for the design concept and provide supportive evidence of the effectiveness of silicon PV cells as high-voltage power supplies.

  9. Development of an IGBT converter for a magnet power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 100-kW-class current-type PWM (pulse width modulation) converter based IGBTs (insulated-gate bipolar transistors) was developed, and the feasibility of its application to a large magnet power supply for nuclear fusion device was investigated. Although the target of the rated performance of 200 V-500 A was achieved, the following problems arose: transient high voltages of a LC filter, distortion of an AC source current for low output voltage operation, and decrease in power factor owing to large current operation. (author)

  10. An insulated core transformer power supply for ion implantation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of a new low cost ion implantation facility, an insulated core transformer direct current power supply has been designed for the rating 0 to 200 kilovolts and 10 milliamperes. The ripple voltage is less than 0.2 percent. In addition, three phase power of up to 3.5 KVA is provided at high voltage terminal. The supply is about 25 cm. in diameter and about 100 cm. high. All the components for the system are manufactured locally and are readily available. Details of the design and procedures for the optimisation of the design are described. The application of the power supply in the ion implantation facility is also given. (author)

  11. 30 CFR 77.804 - High-voltage trailing cables; minimum design requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...High-Voltage Distribution § 77.804 High-voltage trailing cables; minimum design requirements. (a) High-voltage trailing cables used in resistance grounded systems...with metallic shields around each power conductor with one or more...

  12. Nuclear reactor power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The redundant signals from the sensor assemblies measuring the process parameters of a nuclear reactor power supply are transmitted each in its turn to a protection system which operates to actuate the protection apparatus for signals indicating off-process conditions. Each sensor assembly includes a number of like sensors measuring the same parameters. The sets of process signals derived from the sensor assemblies are each in its turn transmitted from the protection system to the control system which impresses control signals on the reactor or its components to counteract the tendency for conditions to drift off-normal status requiring operation of the protection system. A parameter signal selector is interposed between the protection system and the control system. This selector prevents a parameter signal of a set of signals, which differs from the other parameters signals of the set by more than twice the allowable variation of the sensors which produce the set, from passing to the control system. The selectors include a pair of signal selection units, one unit sending selected process signals to primary control channels and the other sending selected process signals to back-up control channels. Test signals are periodically impressed by a test unit on a selected pair of a selected unit and control channels. When test signals are so impressed the selected control channel is disabled from transmitting control signals to the reactor and/or its associated components. This arrangement eliminates the possibility that a single component failure which may be spurious will cause an inadvertent trip of the reactor during test

  13. Design of auto-control high-voltage control system of pulsed neutron generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is difficult to produce multiple anode controlling time sequences under different logging mode for the high-voltage control system of the conventional pulsed neutron generator. It is also difficult realize sequential control among anode high-voltage, filament power supply and target voltage to make neutron yield stable. To these problems, an auto-control high-voltage system of neutron pulsed generator was designed. It not only can achieve anode high-voltage double blast time sequences, which can measure multiple neutron blast time sequences such as ?, activated spectrum, etc. under inelastic scattering mode, but also can realize neutron generator real-time measurement of multi-state parameters and auto-control such as target voltage pulse width modulation (PWM), filament current, anode current, etc., there by it can produce stable neutron yield and realize stable and accurate measurement of the pulsed neutron full spectral loging tool. (authors)

  14. Multiple resonant railgun power supply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honig, Emanuel M. (Los Alamos, NM); Nunnally, William C. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1988-01-01

    A multiple repetitive resonant railgun power supply provides energy for repetitively propelling projectiles from a pair of parallel rails. A plurality of serially connected paired parallel rails are powered by similar power supplies. Each supply comprises an energy storage capacitor, a storage inductor to form a resonant circuit with the energy storage capacitor and a magnetic switch to transfer energy between the resonant circuit and the pair of parallel rails for the propelling of projectiles. The multiple serial operation permits relatively small energy components to deliver overall relatively large amounts of energy to the projectiles being propelled.

  15. High voltage isolation transformer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clatterbuck, C. H.; Ruitberg, A. P. (inventors)

    1985-01-01

    A high voltage isolation transformer is provided with primary and secondary coils separated by discrete electrostatic shields from the surfaces of insulating spools on which the coils are wound. The electrostatic shields are formed by coatings of a compound with a low electrical conductivity which completely encase the coils and adhere to the surfaces of the insulating spools adjacent to the coils. Coatings of the compound also line axial bores of the spools, thereby forming electrostatic shields separating the spools from legs of a ferromagnetic core extending through the bores. The transformer is able to isolate a high constant potential applied to one of its coils, without the occurrence of sparking or corona, by coupling the coatings, lining the axial bores to the ferromagnetic core and by coupling one terminal of each coil to the respective coating encasing the coil.

  16. A parallel hybrid modular multilevel converter for high voltage DC applications

    OpenAIRE

    Amankwah, Emmanuel K.

    2013-01-01

    Reliability and efficiency of power transmission has been at the forefront of research for some time and is currently being given critical consideration due to the increased dependence on electrical energy. With the increased demand for electricity, engineers are considering different methods of supply arrangement to improve the security of electricity supply. High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) transmission is a technology that avails itself for distance power transmission, interconnection of...

  17. Boeing's High Voltage Solar Tile Test Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Brian J.; Harden, David E.; Ferguson, Dale C.; Snyder, David B.

    2002-01-01

    Real concerns of spacecraft charging and experience with solar array augmented electrostatic discharge arcs on spacecraft have minimized the use of high voltages on large solar arrays despite numerous vehicle system mass and efficiency advantages. Boeing's solar tile (patent pending) allows high voltage to be generated at the array without the mass and efficiency losses of electronic conversion. Direct drive electric propulsion and higher power payloads (lower spacecraft weight) will benefit from this design. As future power demand grows, spacecraft designers must use higher voltage to minimize transmission loss and power cable mass for very large area arrays. This paper will describe the design and discuss the successful test of Boeing's 500-Volt Solar Tile in NASA Glenn's Tenney chamber in the Space Plasma Interaction Facility. The work was sponsored by NASA's Space Solar Power Exploratory Research and Technology (SERT) Program and will result in updated high voltage solar array design guidelines being published.

  18. Repetitive resonant railgun power supply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honig, Emanuel M. (Los Alamos, NM); Nunnally, William C. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1988-01-01

    A repetitive resonant railgun power supply provides energy for repetitively propelling projectiles from a pair of parallel rails. The supply comprises an energy storage capacitor, a storage inductor to form a resonant circuit with the energy storage capacitor and a magnetic switch to transfer energy between the resonant circuit and the pair of parallel rails for the propelling of projectiles.

  19. Design and test of power supply system for ATLAS muon spectrometer

    CERN Document Server

    Beretta, M; Vandelli, Wainer R; Mikenberg, G; Richter, R

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, the problem of the Low Voltage (LV) and High Voltage (HV) power supply distribution of the MDT (Monitored Drift Tubes) detector is addressed. Due to the high number of channels (1168 for low voltage and twice for high voltage) involved and to the dimension of the apparatus, these power supply systems are very complicated. Both system are made of three different parts: a power generator, a system controller and an active distributor. The first two parts will be localized in the cavern close to the experimental area, so they are subjected to standard environmental conditions. The third part (the active distributor) will be placed in the experimental area on the platforms just outside the detector, where the environmental conditions are more severe, due to the presence of magnetic field (about 800 Gauss) and radiations. In the following we present the design specifications and tests for the power supply systems. (3 refs).

  20. Residential Distance to High-voltage Power Lines and Risk of Neurodegenerative Diseases : a Danish Population-based Case-Control Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frei, Patrizia; Poulsen, Aslak Harbo

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between residential distance to high-voltage power lines and neurodegenerative diseases, especially Alzheimer's disease. A Swiss study previously found increased risk of Alzheimer's disease for people living within 50 m of a power line. A register-based case-control study including all patients diagnosed with neurodegenerative diseases during the years 1994-2010 was conducted among the entire adult population of Denmark. Using conditional logistic regression models, hazard ratios for ever living close to a power line in the time period 5-20 years before diagnosis were computed. The risks for developing dementia, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and motor neuron disease were not increased in persons living within close vicinity of a power line. The risk of Alzheimer's disease was not increased for ever living within 50 m of a power line (hazard ratio = 1.04, 95% confidence interval: 0.69, 1.56). No dose-response according to number of years of living within 50 m of a power line was observed, but there were weak indications of an increased risk for persons diagnosed by the age of 75 years. Overall, there was little support for an association between neurodegenerative disease and living close to power lines.

  1. Design considerations of high frequency high voltage ferrite core transformers for 750 kV high voltage generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The High voltage generator of 750 keV Industrial Electrons accelerator developed at CAT Indore is a symmetrical series cascaded generator. Choice of a high frequency source for such type of generators becomes essential when high current applications are in demand. Apart from reduction in size and rating of components, a high frequency application has added advantage of low stored energy, less ripple, better regulation and faster response. A high voltage transformer is an important link between the cascaded generator and the high frequency source and it plays a significant role on overall size, cost, performance and efficiency of the system. Accordingly, greater attention is required to be given in design of such transformer. This paper delineates the design considerations pertinent to such types of transformers used in this kind of power supplies

  2. An IGBT-based High Voltage, Variable Pulse Width Nanosecond Pulser for Plasma Creation Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziemba, Timothy; Miller, Kenneth; Prager, James; Carscadden, John

    2013-10-01

    Eagle Harbor Technologies (EHT) has developed a modular solid state power supply based on IGBT technology, which can support a wide array of applications. The EHT Integrated Power Module (IPM) incorporates fast gate drive technology, high voltage isolation (~30 kV), fiber optic control, and optional crowbar diodes into a single unit. The EHT IPM can be configured to produce variable pulsed width (20 to 1000 ns), high voltage (>20 kV) high repetition frequency (2 MHz) nanosecond pulser. Nanosecond pulser applications include plasma creation for drag reduction, medical applications, water decontamination, fuel mixing and control of flue gas emissions.

  3. High-Voltage, Asymmetric-Waveform Generator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beegle, Luther W.; Duong, Tuan A.; Duong, Vu A.; Kanik, Isik

    2008-01-01

    The shapes of waveforms generated by commercially available analytical separation devices, such as some types of mass spectrometers and differential mobility spectrometers are, in general, inadequate and result in resolution degradation in output spectra. A waveform generator was designed that would be able to circumvent these shortcomings. It is capable of generating an asymmetric waveform, having a peak amplitude as large as 2 kV and frequency of several megahertz, which can be applied to a capacitive load. In the original intended application, the capacitive load would consist of the drift plates in a differential-mobility spectrometer. The main advantage to be gained by developing the proposed generator is that the shape of the waveform is made nearly optimum for various analytical devices requiring asymmetric-waveform such as differential-mobility spectrometers. In addition, this waveform generator could easily be adjusted to modify the waveform in accordance with changed operational requirements for differential-mobility spectrometers. The capacitive nature of the load is an important consideration in the design of the proposed waveform generator. For example, the design provision for shaping the output waveform is based partly on the principle that (1) the potential (V) on a capacitor is given by V=q/C, where C is the capacitance and q is the charge stored in the capacitor; and, hence (2) the rate of increase or decrease of the potential is similarly proportional to the charging or discharging current. The proposed waveform generator would comprise four functional blocks: a sine-wave generator, a buffer, a voltage shifter, and a high-voltage switch (see Figure 1). The sine-wave generator would include a pair of operational amplifiers in a feedback configuration, the parameters of which would be chosen to obtain a sinusoidal timing signal of the desired frequency. The buffer would introduce a slight delay (approximately equal to 20 ns) but would otherwise leave the fundamental timing signal unchanged. The buffered timing signal would be fed as input to the level shifter. The output of the level shifter would serve as a timing and control signal for the high-voltage switch, causing the switch to alternately be (1) opened, allowing the capacitive load to be charged from a high-voltage DC power supply; then (2) closed to discharge the capacitive load to ground. Hence, the output waveform would closely approximate a series of exponential charging and discharging curves (see Figure 2).

  4. Power generator with high-voltage charging of a shaping line by means of electrical explosion wires

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new scheme of creating high-power and heavy-current nanosecond generator is suggested. It includes a low-voltage (U 2.5 ?s) powered inductive accumulator, interrupter on the basis of electrical explosion wires, fast shaping lines, transmitting line with vacuum diode at the end. This circuit enables to design and to put into operation the sub-terawatt generator with ? 100 kG initial energy content, which supported the main assumptions and ideas. 6 refs., 5 figs

  5. Electrical safety for high voltage arrays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, N. A.

    1983-01-01

    A number of key electrical safety requirements for the high voltage arrays of central station photovoltaic power systems are explored. The suitability of representative industrial DC power switchgear for control and fault protection was evaluated. Included were AC/DC circuit breakers, electromechanical contactors and relays, load interruptors, cold disconnect devices, sectionalizing switches, and high voltage DC fuses. As appropriate, steady state and transient characteristics were analyzed. Failure modes impacting upon operation and maintenance safety were also identified, as were the voltage withstand and current interruption levels.

  6. Evaluation and measurement of magnetic field exposure at a typical high-voltage substation and its power lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozen, S

    2008-01-01

    This study presents a survey of magnetic field measurements including those resulting from 380/154 kV power substations, which play a vital role in human body biological studies. The survey was carried out in the main power substation of Antalya, Turkey, located at the suburban region of the city, under actual loads. The paper also presents the actual magnetic field strength measured near the 380/154 kV substation and power transmission lines (380 and 154 kV) connecting to the substation. Since most part of these lines pass through a residential area, they have been included in the study, and the actual magnetic field variation around them has been investigated by comparative analysis of measured data. For the occupants working at substations, occupational exposure has been analysed with actual magnetic fields at operating locations. Induced internal electric fields and current densities in the occupants' body due to exposure to external magnetic fields produced by a conventional 380/154 kV power substation have been investigated. PMID:17595208

  7. Evaluation and measurement of magnetic field exposure at a typical high-voltage substation and its power lines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study presents a survey of magnetic field measurements including those resulting from 380/154 kV power substations, which play a vital role in human body biological studies. The survey was carried out in the main power substation of Antalya (Turkey)), located at the suburban region of the city, under actual loads. The paper also presents the actual magnetic field strength measured near the 380/154 kV substation and power transmission lines (380 and 154 kV) connecting to the substation. Since most part of these lines pass through a residential area, they have been included in the study, and the actual magnetic field variation around them has been investigated by comparative analysis of measured data. For the occupants working at substations, occupational exposure has been analysed with actual magnetic fields at operating locations. Induced internal electric fields and current densities in the occupants' body due to exposure to external magnetic fields produced by a conventional 380/154 kV power substation have been investigated. (authors)

  8. Magnetically switched power supply system for lasers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacala, Thomas J. (inventor)

    1987-01-01

    A laser power supply system is described in which separate pulses are utilized to avalanche ionize the gas within the laser and then produce a sustained discharge to cause the gas to emit light energy. A pulsed voltage source is used to charge a storage device such as a distributed capacitance. A transmission line or other suitable electrical conductor connects the storage device to the laser. A saturable inductor switch is coupled in the transmission line for containing the energy within the storage device until the voltage level across the storage device reaches a predetermined level, which level is less than that required to avalanche ionize the gas. An avalanche ionization pulse generating circuit is coupled to the laser for generating a high voltage pulse of sufficient amplitude to avalanche ionize the laser gas. Once the laser gas is avalanche ionized, the energy within the storage device is discharged through the saturable inductor switch into the laser to provide the sustained discharge. The avalanche ionization generating circuit may include a separate voltage source which is connected across the laser or may be in the form of a voltage multiplier circuit connected between the storage device and the laser.

  9. Gyrotron and power supply development for upgrading the electron cyclotron heating system on DIII-D

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tooker, Joseph F., E-mail: tooker@fusion.gat.com [General Atomics, PO Box 85608, San Diego, CA 92186-5608 (United States); Huynh, Paul [General Atomics, PO Box 85608, San Diego, CA 92186-5608 (United States); Felch, Kevin; Blank, Monica; Borchardt, Philipp; Cauffman, Steve [Communications and Power Industries, 811 Hanson Way, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: ? Vendor completed design of 1.5 MW, 117.5 GHz gyrotron for DIII-D. ? Fabrication of gyrotron by vendor underway. ? Finalizing design of solid-state high voltage modulator for cathode power supply. ? Fabrication of solid-state high voltage modulator has begun. ? Finalizing design of high voltage linear amplifier for gyrotron body power supply. -- Abstract: An upgrade of the electron cyclotron heating system on DIII-D to almost 15 MW is being planned which will expand it from a system with six 1 MW 110 GHz gyrotrons to one with ten gyrotrons. A depressed collector 1.2 MW 110 GHz gyrotron is being commissioned as the seventh gyrotron. A new 117.5 GHz 1.5 MW depressed collector gyrotron has been designed, and the first article will be the eighth gyrotron. Two more are planned, increasing the system to ten total gyrotrons, and the existing 1 MW gyrotrons will subsequently be replaced with 1.5 MW gyrotrons. Communications and Power Industries completed the design of the 117.5 GHz gyrotron, and are now fabricating the first article. The design was optimized for a nominal 1.5 MW at a beam voltage of 105 kV, collector potential depression of 30 kV, and beam current of 50 A, but can achieve 1.8 MW at 60 A. The design of the collector permits modulation above 100 Hz by either the body or the cathode power supply, or both, while modulation below 100 Hz must use only the cathode power supply. General Atomics is developing solid-state power supplies for this upgrade: a solid-state modulator for the cathode power supply and a linear high voltage amplifier for the body power supply. The solid-state modulator has series-connected insulated-gate bipolar transistors that are switched at a fixed frequency by a pulse-width modulation regulator to control the output voltage. The design of the linear high voltage amplifier has series-connected transistors to control the output voltage, which was successfully demonstrated in a proof-of-principle test at 2 kV. The designs of complete power supplies are progressing. The design features of the 117.5 GHz 1.5 MW gyrotron and the solid-state cathode and body power supplies will be described and the current status and plans are presented.

  10. A Novel Controller Based 48-Pulse STATCOM for Reactive Power Compensation and Voltage Stabilization in High Voltage Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Padmaja, S.M; G. Tulasiram Das, Dr.

    2011-01-01

    These paper presents the dynamic operation of a novel control scheme for Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) based on a new full model comprising a 48-pulse Gate Turn-Off (GTO) thyristor voltage source converter for combined reactive power compensation and voltage stabilization of the electric grid network. The novel controller for the STATCOM presented in this paper is based on a decoupled strategy using the direct and quadrature components of the STATCOM current. The complete digital s...

  11. A beam-scanning power supply for E-beam irradiator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For electron accelerator of the high frequency high voltage type, a beam-scanning power supply with a peak voltage of 190 V and peak current of 16 A has been developed at Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics. It has a pulse width modulation (PWM) and a Buck circuit, with the H-bridge inverter driver of IRS2453D and IR2110. Output voltage of the power supply can be adjusted continuously, and over-current protection can be realized. In this paper, we report power supply design and test results. (authors)

  12. Restructuring power supply in Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to recent calculations of the Umweltbundesamt (Federal Environmental Office), all German nuclear power plants can be decommissioned from 2017. This will result neither in supply shortages nor in higher electricity rates, and Germany's climate protection goals will not be in danger either. There will be no need to import nuclear power from other countries. (orig.)

  13. FFT Analysis of a Series Loaded Resonant Converter-Based Power Supply for Pulsed Power Applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An impulse power supply has been designed, simulated, and tested in order to feed the primary of a high-frequency transformer. Pulse power system has been widely used for plasma applications. The operational principle of the pulse power system is that the energy from the input source is stored in the capacitor bank device through a dc-dc converter. Then, when a discharging signal is given, the stored energy is released to the load. The new family of ZCS converters is suitable for high-power applications using insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs). The power converter can achieve zero switching with the aid of high-frequency transformer. The device is capable of charging a 0.1?F capacitor up to 5 kV which accounts for a charging power of 5 kJ/s. The novel control algorithm is achieved which eminently considers the nonlinear control characteristics of impulse power supply. The required charging voltage, together with the constraint on the charging time, translates into a required maximum power of 10 kW reduced in this initial version to 5 kW. The difficulty to reliably control such a power at the high-voltage side practically forbids any approach featuring a more or less stabilized DC high-voltage to be generated from a conventional 50 Hz transformer through rectification.

  14. Application of the Building Site Ordinance to high-voltage plants and power plants; Die Anwendung der Baustellenverordnung auf Hochspannungs- und Kraftwerksanlagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffmann, R. [RWE Net AG, Dortmund (Germany); Groener, H. [RWE Power AG, Regenerative Stromerzeugung, Essen (Germany)

    2001-07-01

    Accidents on construction sites are far more common than in other industries. The Construction Site Ordinance (BaustellV) of 10 June 1998 attempts to prevent accidents by early warning, planned safety and health protection and coordination of the requirements for industrial safety and health on construction sites. Industrial safety regulations and regulations governing protective and preventive measures are taken into account. The authors describe how the Construction Site Ordinance is put into practice by RWE Net AG and RWE Power AG in high-voltage plant and power plant construction sites. [German] Die Unfallhaeufigkeit auf Baustellen liegt weit ueber dem Durchschnitt der gewerblichen Wirtschaft. Hier setzt die Baustellenverordnung (BaustellV) vom 10.06.1998 an, die vor allem mit den Instrumenten Vorankuendigung, Sicherheits- und Gesundheitsschutzplan und Koordinierung die Voraussetzungen fuer die Verbesserung fuer Sicherheit und Gesundheit der Beschaeftigten auf Baustellen schafft. Die Baustellenverordnung ist im Zusammenhang mit den Bestimmungen des Arbeitsschutzes anzuwenden. Sie laesst den am Bau Beteiligten einen grossen Gestaltungsspielraum fuer Arbeitsschutzmassnahmen, fordert ihnen aber auch hierdurch ein Mehr an Verantwortung ab. Die Verfasser beschreiben, wie die Baustellenverordnung zurzeit bei RWE Net AG und RWE Power AG auf Baustellen in Hochspannungs- und Kraftwerksanlagen umgesetzt wird. (orig.)

  15. A Robust Modular IGBT Power Supply for Configurable Series/Parallel Operation at High Power and Frequency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziemba, Timothy; Miller, K. E.; Prager, J. R.; Carscadden, J. G.

    2011-10-01

    Eagle Harbor Technologies (EHT) is developing a modular, solid-state power supply for pulsed high power (> 10 MW) RF applications supported by a DOE SBIR Phase II. The prototype modules utilize a low-cost IGBT based system that can be assembled in multiple ways for a wide range of applications. Each module is capable of switching 2 kA at 1 kV up to megahertz frequencies with rise times of ~40 ns. Experimental testing of the modules demonstrated both parallel (high current) and series (high voltage) configurations. The modules are designed for precise switching control, which reduces jitter (IGBT based power supplies for similar high current pulsed applications and twenty times less for the pulsed high voltage and high power tube based RF applications. This work is supported under a DOE SBIR Grant.

  16. Re-creation of aerosol charge state found near HV power lines using a high voltage corona charger

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, J. C.; Wright, M. D.; Biddiscombe, M. F.; Underwood, R.; Usmani, O. S.; Shallcross, D. E.; Henshaw, D. L.

    2015-10-01

    Corona ionisation from AC HV power lines (HVPL) can release ions into the environment, which have the potential to electrically charge pollutant aerosol in the atmosphere. It has been hypothesised that these charged particles have an enhanced probability of being deposited in human airways upon inhalation due to electrostatic attraction by image charge within the lung, with implications for human health. Carbonaceous aerosol particles from a Technegas generator were artificially charge-enhanced using a corona charger. Once generated, particles were passed through the charger, which was either on or off, and stored in a 15 litre conducting bag for ?20 minutes to observe size and charge distribution changes over time. Charge states were estimated using two Sequential Mobility Particle Sizers measuring the size and mobility distributions. Charge-neutral particles were measured 7 times and positive particles 9 times, the average charge-neutral value of x was 1.00 (sd = 0.06) while the average positive value was 4.60 (0.72). The system will be used to generate positive or charge neutral particles for delivery to human volunteers in an inhalation study to assess the impact of charge on ultrafine (size < 100 nm) particle deposition.

  17. Power supplies in Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The contribution takes a look at the current situation of the internal energy market, for which the EC-Commission demands more competition due to the differing price policies of the individual EC-countries and their effects on industrial policy, in addition due to the free merchandise traffic which is necessary for electricity as well and due to international investments. A first step toward perfecting the internal market for electricity consists in the two directives which the Council of Ministers passed regarding the transit of electricity and the transparency of prices, the first phase of which has been initiated. During the second phase there are plans for permitting liberalization for a limited number of new competitors while orienting oneself to the existing structures. This phase consists in carrying out the following three main tasks: First of all the rights for the production of energy and the construction of power lines should be extended. Second of all, in vertically consolidated enterprises, the concept of decartelization, i.e. the separation of management and accounting must be introduced in the production area and in the transference and distribution sectors. The third tasks consists in giving third parties access to the power-distribution network to a limited degree. The main points of criticism on the part of the power suppliers are the following: - Long-term investments can no longer be made to a sufficient extent. - The individual consumer is placed at a disadvantage due to the competitive system. - The third-party-access system entails an unnecessary amount of bureaucratization. In closing, the contribution takes a brief look at energy taxes and CO2 stabilization as well as negotiations on the energy charter. (orig./HSCH)

  18. Integrated Three-Voltage-Booster DC-DC Converter to Achieve High Voltage Gain with Leakage-Energy Recycling for PV or Fuel-Cell Power Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-Lung Shen

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an integrated three-voltage-booster DC-DC (direct current to direct current converter is proposed to achieve high voltage gain for renewable-energy generation systems. The proposed converter integrates three voltage-boosters into one power stage, which is composed of an active switch, a coupled-inductor, five diodes, and five capacitors. As compared with conventional high step-up converters, it has a lower component count. In addition, the features of leakage-energy recycling and switching loss reduction can be accomplished for conversion efficiency improvement. While the active switch is turned off, the converter can inherently clamp the voltage across power switch and suppress voltage spikes. Moreover, the reverse-recovery currents of all diodes can be alleviated by leakage inductance. A 200 W prototype operating at 100 kHz switching frequency with 36 V input and 400 V output is implemented to verify the theoretical analysis and to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed high step-up DC-DC converter.

  19. Analysis of a novel autonomous marine hybrid power generation/energy storage system with a high-voltage direct current link

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, L.; Lee, D. J.

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents both time-domain and frequency-domain simulated results of a novel marine hybrid renewable-energy power generation/energy storage system (PG/ESS) feeding isolated loads through an high-voltage direct current (HVDC) link. The studied marine PG subsystems comprise both offshore wind turbines andWells turbines to respectively capture wind energy and wave energy from marine wind and oceanwave. In addition to wind-turbine generators(WTGs) andwave-energy turbine generators (WETGs) employed in the studied system, diesel-engine generators (DEGs) and an aqua electrolyzer (AE) absorbing a part of generated energy from WTGs and WETGs to generate available hydrogen for fuel cells (FCs) are also included in the PG subsystems. The ES subsystems consist of a flywheel energy storage system(FESS) and a compressed air energy storage (CAES) system to balance the required energy in the hybrid PG/ESS. It can be concluded from the simulation results that the proposed hybrid marine PG/ESS feeding isolated loads can stably operate to achieve system power-frequency balance condition. Udgivelsesdato: DEC 1

  20. Design of filter circuit in high voltage unit of particle detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To meet high stability, low ripple requirements of High Voltage Unit in Particle radiation detectors, to design a hybrid LC and RC filter circuit to reduce power supply ripple. Through the theoretical analysis, PSpice simulation and test, the results are verified. According to this design, a High Voltage Unit was made in a high-energy particle detector on a Satellite, output voltage ripple coefficient is small, met the design purposes. Test proved that this circuit design, simple, efficient, can provide a reference for this kind of circuit design. (authors)

  1. 3.6MW Power Supply System of the 170GHz ECH&CD System in KSTAR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Eun-yong; Ahn, Il-kun; Seo, Tae-won; Lee, Seung-kyo; Bae, Young-soon; Joung, Jin-Hyun; Joung, Mi

    2012-09-01

    A 3.6 MW (-66 kV/55 A) Gyrotron power supply system was developed for the 170 GHz ECH&CD gyrotron system in KSTAR. This power supply system consists of Cathode Power Supply(CPS), Anode Power Supply(APS) and Body Power Supply(BPS). The CPS is using the Pulse Step Modulation by the 32set of IGBT choppers. The respons time of Chopper is very fast. So the cathode voltaget is able to be controlled rapidly. The APS is a sort of voltage devider using zener and switch component. It was achieved 3kHz modulation operation. The BPS is combined the commercial power supply and special high voltage switches. It is very simple topology but 5kHz modulation was accomplished easily. Theses power supply system were installed and commissioned successfully in 2011. This paper presents the topology of the each power supply and test result for 170 GHz gyrotron in KSTAR.

  2. Circuit design and simulation of a HV-supply controlling the power of 140 GHz 1 MW gyrotrons for ECRH on W7-X

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For plasma heating by ECR in the Stellarator W7-X under construction, 140 GHz gyrotrons with 1 MW cw output power are under development. These tubes have a voltage depressed collector for electron energy recovery. Each gyrotron is fed by two high-voltage sources: a high-power supply for driving the electron beam and a precision low-power supply for beam acceleration. In addition, a protection system with a thyratron crowbar for fast power removal in case of gyrotron arcing is installed. The low-power high-voltage source for beam acceleration is realized by a high-voltage servo-amplifier driving the depression voltage such that the influence of the voltage noise of the main high-power supply on the acceleration voltage is suppressed by feed-back control of the amplifier. Design and simulation of the servo-amplifier by PSpice is presented

  3. Specialized device of power supplies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunchenko Y. A.

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The specialized device of power supplies, capable to change parameters of output voltage depending on conditions of environment and parameters of the fed equipment is offered. Examples of its application for feed of the electroluminescent indicator are resulted.

  4. Diseño de una Fuente de Alto Voltaje / A High Voltage Source Design

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Enrique, Eirez Izquierdo; Fabriciano, Rodríguez González; Sonnia, Pavoni Oliver.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este documento presenta las experiencias en el diseño de una fuente de alto voltaje, basada en multiplicadores de media onda. La fuente garantizará un voltaje de salida en el orden de 10² V y una corriente en el orden de 10-3 A. Se muestran y analizan resultados experimentales encaminados a su aplic [...] ación en la alimentación de un generador de pulsos de alto voltaje. Abstract in english This paper shows a high voltage power supply design experiences realized by half wave multipliers. The source supplies an output voltage in order of 10² V and current of the order 10-3 A. Experimental results of the power supply applied to a high voltage pulses generator are shown and analyzed. [...

  5. High voltage distributions in RPCs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High voltage distributions on the inner surfaces of RPCs electrodes were calculated by using a two-dimensional resistor network model. The calculated result shows that the surface resistivity of the electrodes should be high, compared to their volume resistivity, to get a uniform high voltage over the surface. Our model predicts that the rate capabilities of RPCs should be inversely proportional to the thickness of the electrodes if the ratio of surface-to-volume resistivity is low. (orig.)

  6. Vehicle power supply cable with optical jacket monitoring and arcing interference detection; Bordnetzkabel mit optischer Mantelueberwachung und Stoerlichtbogendetektion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Viehmann, Matthias [Fachhochschule Nordhausen (Germany). Lehrstuhl fuer Industrieelektronik; Kloss, Christina [Fachhochschule Nordhausen (Germany). Forschungsschwerpunkte Polymere/Elastomere und Lichtwellenleiter; Lustermann, Birgit [Fachhochschule Nordhausen (Germany). Forschungsschwerpunkte Lichtwellenleiter und Simulation optischer Systeme

    2012-10-15

    In vehicles with electrical drive, vehicle power supplies are used with high-voltage level, as well as with several voltage levels. In order to minimise any hazards through arcing faults associated with this, constructive and material-technical measures are necessary. Nordhausen Technical College presents a patented, opticalelectrical combination conductor - the main constituent of an innovative vehicle power supply cable with optical jacket monitoring and arcing interference detection. (orig.)

  7. Novel piezoelectric transducers for high voltage measurements

    OpenAIRE

    Vázquez Carazo, Alfredo

    2000-01-01

    A prerequisite for safe and stable operation of an electric power system is the accurate and reliable measurement of the system parameters, in particular, current and voltage. Conventionally, this has been achieved on High Voltage (H.V.) systems by expensive, bulky iron-core transformers and also by capacitor transformers. Both of them are increasingly coming under review (chapter 1) in modern power system due to their cost, safety implications for personnel and surrounding plant if failure o...

  8. Abort kicker power supply systems at Fermilab

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over the past several years, Fermilab has been operating with a single turn proton abort system in both the superconducting Tevatron and the conventional Main Ring. The abort kicker power supply for this system discharges a lumped capacitance into the inductive magnet load, causing the beam to enter the abort channel. The characteristics of this current waveform are defined by the requirements of the machine operation. The standard fixed target running mode calls for 12 booster batches of beam which leaves a rotating gap in the beams of approx.1.8 ?s. The current waveform is required to rise to 90% of I/sub max/ in this time to avoid beam loss from partially deflected beam. Aperture limitations in both the accelerator and the abort channel demand that the current in the magnets stays above this 90% I/sub max/ for the 21 ?s needed to ensure all the beam has left the machine. The 25 mm displacement needed to cleanly enter the abort channel at 1 TeV corresponds to a maximum current in each of the 4 modules of approx.20 kA. Similar constraints are needed for the Main Ring and Tevatron antiproton abort systems. A unique feature of this design is the high voltage, high current diode assembly used to clip the recharge of the capacitor bank. This allows the current to decay slowly with the L/R time constant of the magnet and diode series combination. Special attention is given to the diode characteristics needed for this passive switching element. Operational experience and proposed upgrades are given for the two operational systems. 2 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab

  9. High Voltage TAL Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, David T.; Jankovsky, Robert S.; Rawlin, Vincent K.; Manzella, David H.

    2001-01-01

    The performance of a two-stage, anode layer Hall thruster was evaluated. Experiments were conducted in single and two-stage configurations. In single-stage configuration, the thruster was operated with discharge voltages ranging from 300 to 1700 V. Discharge specific impulses ranged from 1630 to 4140 sec. Thruster investigations were conducted with input power ranging from 1 to 8.7 kW, corresponding to power throttling of nearly 9: 1. An extensive two-stage performance map was generated. Data taken with total voltage (sum of discharge and accelerating voltage) constant revealed a decrease in thruster efficiency as the discharge voltage was increased. Anode specific impulse values were comparable in the single and two-stage configurations showing no strong advantage for two-stage operation.

  10. PC-based control of a high-voltage injector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The stability of high voltage injectors is one of the major problems in any accelerator system. Most of the troubles encountered in the normal operation of an accelerator are connected with the ion source and associated high voltage platforms, regardless of the source or high voltage generator type. The quality of the ion beam injected in the accelerator strongly depends on the power supplies used in the injector and on the ability to control the non-electrical parameters (gas-flow, temperature, etc.). A wide used method in controlling is based on optical links between high-voltage platform and computer, the adjustments being more or less automated. Although the method mentioned above can be still useful in injector control, a different approach is presented in this work, i.e., the computer itself is placed inside the high-voltage terminal. Only one optical link is still necessary to connect this computer with an user-friendly host at ground potential. Requirements: - varying and monitoring the filament current; - gas flow control in the ion source; - reading the vacuum values; - current and voltage control for the anodic, magnet, extraction, suppression and lens' sources. Even in the high voltage terminal there are compartments with different voltages regardless the floating ground. In our injector the extraction voltage is applied on the top of the ion source including the filament and the anodic voltage. The extraction voltage is of maximum 30 kV. In this situation a second optical link is required to transfer the control for the anodic and magnet source power supply assuming the dedicated computer on the floating ground. One PC is placed inside the high voltage terminal and one PC outside the injector. The optical link (more precisely two optical wires) connects the serial ports. The inside computer is equipped with two multipurpose ADC/DAC and digital I/O card. They permit to read or output DC levels ranging between 0 to 10 volts or TTL signals. The filament current control was realized by a stepping motor that rotates a variable resistor through an insulating stick. Two hundred motor steps per complete rotation assumes a very good resolution in driving the filament current between 0 Amps and maximum 40 Amps. The gas flow control is realized by a stepping motor that drives a needle valve. The flow gas can be varied in very small steps. The vacuum read-out is performed by two gauges, Penning and Pirani, providing a 0 to 10 V analog signal. The DC voltages are input to two ADC channels. The current and voltage source control is performed by ADC and DAC channels that drive/read the source output. The outside computer presents an user friendly interface by a Visual Basic program. It permits to vary all the mentioned quantities and reports periodically (at every two seconds) the output values. The user drives the program only with the mouse, having complete control all over the electric hardware inside the injector. A fast reset function is also provided in case of severe malfunction. (author)

  11. High robustness PNP-based structure for the ESD protection of high voltage I/Os in an advanced smart power technology

    OpenAIRE

    Renaud, Philippe; Gendron, Amaury; Bafleur, Marise; Nolhier, Nicolas

    2007-01-01

    A new device dedicated to the ESD protection of high voltage I/Os is presented. In addition to the use of specific design guidelines, the concept consists in coupling an open-base lateral PNP with a vertical avalanche diode within the same structure to obtain a non-snapback behavior together with very good RON capabilities (~1?). The protection of high voltage I/Os with a narrow ESD design window ranging from 80V to 100V can be implemented in a reduced surface of 151*140 ?m2, which represents...

  12. Dielectric barrier discharge driven by high voltage nanosecond pulse generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dielectric-barrier discharge is very perspective for new type of UV radiation source and a plasma-chemical reactor investigations. The power supply to this discharge in the form of nanosecond voltage pulses seems to be perspective for generation of a spatially uniform plasma with high average input power. Here the results of experiments on characteristics of dielectric-barrier discharge operated by high voltage nanosecond generator are presented. The experiments on barrier-discharge have been fulfilled with air, nitrogen, and helium gases. In our experiments on silent discharge operated by high voltage nanosecond pulses in large discharge tube (V = 2000 cm3) the input specific power up to 300 mW/cm3 has been achieved. The discharge is uniform within a wide pressure range and the gas volume is not contaminated with erosion products of discharge tube material. The obtained results allow us to consider dielectric-barrier discharge in this configuration to be very promising for further investigations with various gas mixtures. (authors)

  13. An accurate continuous calibration system for high voltage current transformer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A continuous calibration system for high voltage current transformers is presented in this paper. The sensor of this system is based on a kind of electronic instrument current transformer, which is a clamp-shape air core coil. This system uses an optical fiber transmission system for its signal transmission and power supply. Finally the digital integrator and fourth-order convolution window algorithm as error calculation methods are realized by the virtual instrument with a personal computer. It is found that this system can calibrate a high voltage current transformer while energized, which means avoiding a long calibrating period in the power system and the loss of power metering expense. At the same time, it has a wide dynamic range and frequency band, and it can achieve a high accuracy measurement in a complex electromagnetic field environment. The experimental results and the on-site operation results presented in the last part of the paper, prove that it can reach the 0.05 accuracy class and is easy to operate on site.

  14. Compact Digital High Voltage Charger

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Ge

    2005-01-01

    The operation of classical resonant circuit developed for the pulse energizing is investigated. The HV pulse or generator is very compact by a soft switching circuit made up of IGBT working at over 30 kHZ. The frequencies of macro pulses and?pulses can be arbitrarily tuned below resonant frequency to digitalize the HV pulse power. The?pulses can also be connected by filter circuit to get the HVDC power. The circuit topology is given and its novel control logic is analyzed by flowchart. The circuit is part of a system consisting of a AC or DC LV power supply, a pulse transformer, the pulse generator implemented by LV capacitor and leakage inductance of the transformer, a HV DC or pulse power supply and the charged HV capacitor of the modulators.

  15. Reactive power supply by distributed generators

    OpenAIRE

    Braun, M.

    2008-01-01

    Distributed reactive power supply is necessary in distribution networks for an optimized network operation. This paper presents first the reactive power supply capabilities of generators connected to the distribution network (distributed generators). In a second step an approach is proposed of determining the energy losses resulting from reactive power supply by distributed generators. The costs for compensating these losses represent the operational costs of reactive power supply. These cost...

  16. Fault Analysis of ITER Coil Power Supply System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ITER magnet coils are all designed using superconductors with high current carrying capability. The Toroidal Field (TF) coils operate in a steadystate mode with a current of 68 kA and discharge the stored energy in case of quench with using 9 interleaved Fast Discharge Units (FDUs). The Central Solenoid (CS) coils and Poloidal Field (PF) coils operate in a pulse mode with currents of up to 45 kA and require fast variation of currents inducing more than 10 kV during normal operation on the coil terminals using Switching Network (SN) systems (CSs, PF1 and 6) and Booster and VS converters (PF2 to 5), which are series connected to Main converters. SN and FDU systems comprise high current DC circuit breakers and resistors for generating high voltage (SN) and to dissipate magnetic energy (FDUs). High transient voltages can arise due to the switching operation of SN and FD and the characteristics of resistors and stray components of DC distribution systems. Also, faults in power supply control such as shorts or grounding faults can produce higher voltages between terminals and between terminal and ground. Therefore, the design of the coil insulation, coil terminal regions, feeders, feed throughs, pipe breaks and instrumentation must take account of these high voltages during normal and abnormal conditions. Voltage insulation level can be defined and it is necessary to test the coils at higher voltages, to be sure of reliable performance during the lifetime of operation. This paper describes the fault analysis of the TF, CS and PF coil power supply systems, taking account of the stray parameter of the power supply and switching systems and inductively coupled superconducting coil models. Resistor grounding systems are included in the simulation model and all fault conditions such as converter hardware and software faults, switching system hardware and software faults, DC short circuits and single grounding faults are simulated. The occurrence of two successive faults is considered for the TF coil power supply and CS/PF coil power supply systems taking account of a single fault. The analysis results are discussed for transient and steady-state during normal and abnormal operations

  17. Power-supply regulation by microprocessor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheehan, J.; Langenbach, H.

    1983-01-01

    Many small-magnet power supplies are regulated by using a microprocessor system to generate control voltages to continuously servoregulate each power supply. The power supplies are of very simple design since all regulation and feedback hardware are parts of the microprocessor system. Most of the supplies are bipolar transistor followers, powered by a common unregulated dc power supply and are used to power trim steering magnets on the three NSLS synchrotron rings. Twelve-bit accuracy is obtained using commercially available microprocessor pc cards.

  18. Power supply control protocol used at GANIL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document intends to establish specifications for power supply control so that, if complied with by power supply manufacturers, power supplies from any manufacturer can be linked at once to the Ganil Control system. The only points to take care of are reduced to physical link and filling of the data base

  19. A high voltage test stand for electron gun qualification for LINACs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An electron gun lest stand has been developed at RRCAT. The test stand consists of a high voltage pulsed power supply, electron gun filament supply, grid supply, UHV system and electron gun current measurement system. Several electron guns developed indigenously were evaluated on this test stand. The shielding is provided for the electron gun set up. Electron gun tests can be tested upto 55 kV with pulse width of 15 microsecs and pulse repetition rates up to 200 Hz. The technical details of the subsystems are furnished and results of performance of the test stand have been reported in this paper. (author)

  20. High voltage capacitor design and the determination of solid dielectric voltage breakdown

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The value of the external field intensity serves as an electrical insulating material and is a physical characteristic of the substance. Capacitor discharge in the dielectric medium are experimentally investigated. The high voltage power supply and other instrument needed are briefly discussed. Capacitors with working voltage of 30.000 volt and the plastic being used for dielectrics in the capacitors are also discussed. (author)

  1. A new bipolar Qtrim power supply system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mi, C. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Collider-Accelerator Dept.; Bruno, D. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Collider-Accelerator Dept.; Drozd, J. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Collider-Accelerator Dept.; Nolan, T. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Collider-Accelerator Dept.; Orsatti, F. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Collider-Accelerator Dept.; Heppener, G. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Collider-Accelerator Dept.; Di Lieto, A. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Collider-Accelerator Dept.; Schultheiss, C. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Collider-Accelerator Dept.; Samms, T. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Collider-Accelerator Dept.; Zapasek, R. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Collider-Accelerator Dept.; Sandberg, J. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Collider-Accelerator Dept.

    2015-05-03

    This year marks the 15th run of RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider) operations. The reliability of superconducting magnet power supplies is one of the essential factors in the entire accelerator complex. Besides maintaining existing power supplies and their associated equipment, newly designed systems are also required based on the physicist’s latest requirements. A bipolar power supply was required for this year’s main quadruple trim power supply. This paper will explain the design, prototype, testing, installation and operation of this recently installed power supply system.

  2. Engineering Design of the ITER AC/DC Power Supply System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To design high power pulse power supplies, especially in huge power supplies have not designed till now, it is necessary to analyze a system's characteristics and relations with another systems as well as to know high voltage, high current control technologies. Contents of this project are; - Analysis of the changed designs of the AC/DC converters. - Setup of the PSIM model for the calculation of the junction temperature of the converter thyristors. - Finalize the converter's simulation modules and estimate the parallel number of an arm for each converter. - Fix the protection sequence and make a simulation. - Stability check of the power distribution system against the reactive power effect. - Design of small size hardware AC/DC converter. The results of these studies may used as one of references for practical designs of the power supplies and also used for developing Tokamak type fusion reactors in the future

  3. 30 CFR 18.54 - High-voltage continuous mining machines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...double-phase-to-ground fault. (f) High-voltage trailing cable(s). High-voltage trailing cable(s) must conform to the ampacity and...semi-conductive tape shielding over each insulated power conductor; (2) A grounded...

  4. 30 CFR 18.53 - High-voltage longwall mining systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...Control circuits for the high-voltage motor starters...shearer and trailing cables. (i) Longwall motor and shearer cables with nominal voltages...metallic shield around each power conductor. (j) High-voltage motor...

  5. Performance and modelling of 70kVdc power supply with solid-state crowbar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yellamraju, Sham Sunder Srinivas, E-mail: ysssrinivas@gmail.com [Institute for Plasma Research, BHAT, Gandhinagar 382428 (India); Kulkarni, Sanjay V. [Institute for Plasma Research, BHAT, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

    2013-10-15

    The experimental activities of tokamak research involve development of high power RF and microwave sources for fusion related heating and current drive applications. High power RF and microwave tubes like Klystron, Gyrotron and Tetrode are in general operated with high voltage DC power supplies. These HVDC power supplies of the order of 70 kVdc, must be equipped with necessary arc fault protection in addition to general over current and over voltage protection. The arc fault protection must act within few microseconds to prevent permanent damage to the RF tube, window, etc. When an arc fault is detected, output voltage of the DC power supply is short circuited using a crowbar device (generally Ignitron, Thyratron, thyristor, rail-gap, etc.) that operates in few microseconds. This diverts the fault current from the load to crowbar device, thereby protecting the load. This is necessary as conventional protection in the power supply input takes ?100 ms to switch-off. The crowbar device must be able to take the fault current till the circuit breaker placed at power supply input is switched off. The arc fault protection is tested for its effectiveness by “wire-burn” test. Full power short circuit of ?1.5 MW DC power supply puts enormous stress on the power supply, utility and the crowbar, therefore frequent wire-burn testing is to be avoided. This report presents simulation of wire-burn test using PSIM software. Optimization of the component values without conducting actual wire-burn test could be achieved.

  6. Performance and modelling of 70kVdc power supply with solid-state crowbar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The experimental activities of tokamak research involve development of high power RF and microwave sources for fusion related heating and current drive applications. High power RF and microwave tubes like Klystron, Gyrotron and Tetrode are in general operated with high voltage DC power supplies. These HVDC power supplies of the order of 70 kVdc, must be equipped with necessary arc fault protection in addition to general over current and over voltage protection. The arc fault protection must act within few microseconds to prevent permanent damage to the RF tube, window, etc. When an arc fault is detected, output voltage of the DC power supply is short circuited using a crowbar device (generally Ignitron, Thyratron, thyristor, rail-gap, etc.) that operates in few microseconds. This diverts the fault current from the load to crowbar device, thereby protecting the load. This is necessary as conventional protection in the power supply input takes ?100 ms to switch-off. The crowbar device must be able to take the fault current till the circuit breaker placed at power supply input is switched off. The arc fault protection is tested for its effectiveness by “wire-burn” test. Full power short circuit of ?1.5 MW DC power supply puts enormous stress on the power supply, utility and the crowbar, therefore frequent wire-burn testing is to be avoided. This report presents simulation of wire-burn test using PSIM software. Optimization of the component values without conducting actual wire-burn test could be achieved

  7. A NEW CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF THE SNS FULL TURN FAST EXTRACTION KICKER POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The new conceptual design of full turn fast extraction kicker power supply system of the Spallation Neutron Source main ring will be presented in this paper. In this design, the extraction kicker power modulators will be located outside of the tunnel, as requested by the SNS Project. Its purpose is to minimize the components inside of the synchrotron tunnel. The high voltage modulator will use Blumlein pulser and hollow-anode thyratron structure, a parallel termination resistor and two transmission cables. Main advantages include: flexible system configuration for unipolar single drive or push-pull double drive of the kicker magnets, lower charging voltage, lower beam impedance, lower number of high voltage cables, and large design margin for implementation and future upgrade

  8. High-Voltage Terminal Test of Test Stand for 1-MV Electrostatic Accelerator

    CERN Document Server

    Park, Sae-Hoon

    2015-01-01

    The Korea Multipurpose Accelerator Complex (KOMAC) has been developing a 300-kV test stand for a 1-MV electrostatic accelerator ion source. The ion source and accelerating tube will be installed in a high-pressure vessel. The ion source in the high-pressure vessel is required to have a high reliability. The test stand has been proposed and developed to confirm the stable operating conditions of the ion source. The ion source will be tested at the test stand to verify the long-time operating conditions. The test stand comprises a 300-kV high-voltage terminal, a battery for the ion-source power, a 60-Hz inverter, 200-MHz RF power, a 5-kV extraction power supply, a 300-kV accelerating tube, and a vacuum system. The results of the 300-kV high-voltage terminal tests are presented in this paper.

  9. On-chip high-voltage generator design design methodology for charge pumps

    CERN Document Server

    Tanzawa, Toru

    2016-01-01

    This book provides various design techniques for switched-capacitor on-chip high-voltage generators, including charge pump circuits, regulators, level shifters, references, and oscillators.  Readers will see these techniques applied to system design in order to address the challenge of how the on-chip high-voltage generator is designed for Flash memories, LCD drivers, and other semiconductor devices to optimize the entire circuit area and power efficiency with a low voltage supply, while minimizing the cost.  This new edition includes a variety of useful updates, including coverage of power efficiency and comprehensive optimization methodologies for DC-DC voltage multipliers, modeling of extremely low voltage Dickson charge pumps, and modeling and optimum design of AC-DC switched-capacitor multipliers for energy harvesting and power transfer for RFID.

  10. High-voltage pulse generator with varying duration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-voltage pulse generator, allowing one to regulate the duration of the output pulse within 0-3 ?s range is described. The generator comprises two thyratrons, a forming line, a decoupling transformer and a synchronization unit. The main advantage of the generator consists in the return of the forming line residual energy to the power supply source which provides for a high generator efficiency. It is experimentally ascertained, that during 15 ?s duration pulse formation the generator efficiency is no worse than 50%. The change of output pulse amplitude in the course of changing the duration within the whole range does not exceed 10%. The generator forms pulses with the amplitude of up to 5 kV and recurrence frequency of up to 200 Hz. The generator is used in the electron accelerator control circuit

  11. Advances in high voltage engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Haddad, A

    2005-01-01

    This book addresses the very latest research and development issues in high voltage technology and is intended as a reference source for researchers and students in the field, specifically covering developments throughout the past decade. This unique blend of expert authors and comprehensive subject coverage means that this book is ideally suited as a reference source for engineers and academics in the field for years to come.

  12. Bulk water distribution power supply failures

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    D T, Nel; J, Haarhoff.

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper considers the probability of power supply failures at bulk water distribution pump stations. Electrical power supply is important within the bulk water distribution environment, particularly when pumping is required. Reliability of power supply is commonly expressed by means of indices, s [...] uch as amongst others, the SAIDI and SAIFI indices as defined by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IEEE). These indices are used to calculate the probability of failure associated with power supply. Data was obtained from a number of sources and used to benchmark the reliability of South African power supply against that of other countries. The reliability of power supply from seven South African Water Board (Rand Water) pump stations is also analysed. Limited data seems to be available that allows one to quantify the reliability of pump systems, taking into account the reliability of the various system components.

  13. Generation of subnanosecond high-voltage pulses at the peak power to 300 MW and repetition rate of 2 kHz

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of tests on the hybrid subnanosecond modulator with the output resistance of 50 ?, based on the completely solid body high-voltage nanosecond charge source with an inductive energy accumulator and semiconductor current breaker and pulse intensifier with gaseous dischargers are presented. The intensifying and cutting dischargers filled with hydrogen under the 100 at. pressure, provided for the stable pulses formation with the amplitude up to 140 kV of the approximately 500 ps on the reiteration frequency up to 2 kHz

  14. Transient phenomena analysis of a DC-1 MV power supply for the ITER NBI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A power supply for the ITER Neutral Beam Injector (NBI) is a DC ultra-high voltage (UHV) power supply to accelerate negative ion beams of 40 A up to an energy of 1 MeV. Japan Atomic Energy Agency as the Japan Domestic Agency for ITER contributes procurement of dc -1 MV main components such as step-up -1 MV transformers rectifiers, a high voltage deck 2, a -1 MV insulating transformer, a transmission line, a surge reduction system and equipments for site test. Design of the surge suppression in the NBI power supply is one of the key issues to obtain the stable injector performance. This report describes the design study using EMTDC code on the surge suppression by optimizing the core snubber and additional elements in the -1 MV power supply. The results show that the input energy from the stray capacitance to the accelerator at the breakdown can be reduced to about 25 J that is smaller than design criteria for ITER. (author)

  15. Solar power supply. Fundamentals, projecting, applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a general introduction, the following subjects are discussed: 1. Solar cells; 2. Solar power supply systems; 3. Components of autonomous solar power systems; 4. Projecting and dimensioning of autonomous solar power supply systems; 5. Grid-connected systems; 6. Installation, assembly, maintenance; 7. Cost and economic aspects; 8. Practical applications. (HW)

  16. Development of 70kV, 22A DC power supply for High Power RF and microwave tubes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Our institute (IPR) is involved in the development of High Power RF and Microwave sources for various fusion related heating and current drive applications. All the high power RF and microwave tubes e.g. Klystron, Gyrotron tetrode etc need a high voltage DC power supply to deliver the required high power with necessary protections. To cater to the initial testing and commissioning requirements, the development of 70kV, 22A power supply is initiated. The supply ratings are chosen to meet general tube requirements i.e. Klystron, Gyrotron and Tetrode used in RF group. The supply would be a part of test facility, rather than a regular supply for use in an experiment. Hence some ripple and regulation requirements are relaxed to optimize the cost. However all protections including crowbar protection are accommodated. This supply when ready enables continuous full power testing of TH 2103D Klystrons, GLGD-82.6/0.2 Gyrotron and short time (3Sec-ON, 120Sec-OFF) full power testing of 1.5MW Tetrode. This paper presents analysis of requirements of various tubes, power supply rating optimization, topology selection, protection requirements and other facilities required. Remote monitoring through DAC and remote control requirement from various locations, are highlighted. Present status of development is mentioned.

  17. Development of power supply for 'JT-60'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The power source for the tokamak type critical plasma test system (JT-60) was designed, and the characteristic feature was investigated. The power source is that for plasma generation with a DC thyristor breaker. The thyristors used are CF05V (2000V, 500A) and CA02 (4000V, 800A). The test of the thyristor breaker was performed. A result showed that the break was successful at the breaking current of 6.17 kA and the recovery voltage of 12.3 kV. Various circuits for current transformer power source were proposed and studied. Two circuits, which are a parallel type and a multiple repetition type, were accepted. Choice of the best one should be made according to the practical condition. Tests with the mini-models of the circuits were performed. High voltage was generated at every break of the breaker with both circuits. (Kato, T.)

  18. Simplified design of switching power supplies

    CERN Document Server

    Lenk, John

    1995-01-01

    * Describes the operation of each circuit in detail * Examines a wide selection of external components that modify the IC package characteristics * Provides hands-on, essential information for designing a switching power supply Simplified Design of Switching Power Supplies is an all-inclusive, one-stop guide to switching power-supply design. Step-by-step instructions and diagrams render this book essential for the student and the experimenter, as well as the design professional. Simplified Design of Switching Power Supplies concentrates on the use of IC regulators. All popular forms of swit

  19. Design of 500 kV/20 mA power supply for the electron beam machine accelerating voltage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 500 kV/20 mA high voltage power supply for the electron beam machine accelerating voltage has been designed. The HV power supply is a Cocroft-Walton type and it's main components are voltage multiplier is designed using 20 stage of 0.22 ?F/50 kV capacitor and IN 4007 diodes. The power oscillator is designed using ITK 15-2 triode and the power supply for the oscillator is designed using 3-phase transformer. The design shows that the voltage multiplier has input voltage of 12.814 kV, power last of 503 want and input power of 12.6 kW. The power which must be supplied by power oscillator is 17.2 kW. (author)

  20. Environmental impact of high voltage substations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first Romanian methodology for simultaneous environmental and human risk evaluation in case of HV installations within substations pertaining to nuclear power stations, based on EU regulation is now applicable in Cernavoda substation. High voltage substations are zones where the environmental impact is focused on electromagnetic field that's causes particular effects in living tissues (human being included). That is the reason why is necessary to identify the potential risk sources, the asses including the way to correct them and to dissimulate the results to the staff and the operational personal.(author)

  1. Nuclear reactor power supply system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The redundant signals from the sensor assemblies measuring the process parameters of a nuclear reactor power supply are transmitted each in its turn to a protection system which operates to actuate the protection apparatus for signals indicating off-process conditions. Each sensor assembly includes a number of like sensors measuring the same parameters. The sets of process signals derived from the sensor assemblies are each in its turn transmitted from the protection system to the control system which impresses control signals on the reactor or its components to counteract the tendency for conditions to drift off-normal status requiring operation of the protection system. A parameter signal selector prevents a parameter signal which differs from the other parameter signals of the set by more than twice the allowable variation from passing to the control system. Test signals are periodically impressed by a test unit on a selected pair of a selection unit and control channels. This arrangement eliminates the possibility that a single component failure which may be spurious will cause an inadvertent trip of the reactor during test. (author)

  2. Upgrading the TFTR Transrex Power Supplies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to provide improved and expanded experimental capabilities, the existing Transrex power supplies at PPPL are to be upgraded and modernized. Each of the 39 power supplies consists of two six pulse silicon controlled rectifier sections forming a twelve pulse power supply. The first modification is to split each supply into two independent six pulse supplies by replacing the existing obsolete twelve pulse firing generator with two commercially available six pulse firing generators. The second change replaces the existing control link with a faster system, with greater capacity, which will allow for independent control of all 78 power supply sections. The third change replaces the existing Computer Automated Measurement and Control (CAMAC) based fault detector with an Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) compatible unit, eliminating the obsolete CAMAC modules. Finally the remaining relay logic and interfaces to the 'Hardwired Control System' will be replaces with a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)

  3. High-voltage pulse generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The design and parameters of a high-voltage pulse generator are presented. The generator is based on a pulse transformer with the total discharge of a storage capacitor the primary circuit of which utilizes the line with a non-linear element - a ferrite core that simultaneously serves as the transformer core. The voltage pulse height at a 1 Ohm load makes up 400 kV. the pulse duration is 200 ns, its edge duration is 20 ns, the pulse repetition rate is 50 Hz. The generator dimensions are 500x900 mm, weight is 80 kg

  4. High Voltage TAL Erosion Characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, David T.

    2003-01-01

    Extended operation of a D-80 anode layer thruster at high voltage was investigated. The thruster was operated for 1200 hours at 700 Volts and 4 Amperes. Laser profilometry was employed to quantify the erosion of the thruster's graphite guard rings and electrodes at 0, 300, 600, 900, and 1200 hours. Thruster performance and electrical characteristics were monitored over the duration of the investigation. The guard rings exhibited asymmetric erosion that was greatest in the region of the cathode. Erosion of the guard rings exposed the magnet poles between 600 to 900 hours of operation.

  5. Simplified design of switching power supplies

    CERN Document Server

    Lenk, John

    1996-01-01

    Simplified Design of Switching Power Supplies is an all-inclusive, one-stop guide to switching power-supply design. Step-by-step instructions and diagrams render this book essential for the student and the experimenter, as well as the design professional.Simplified Design of Switching Power Supplies concentrates on the use of IC regulators. All popular forms of switching supplies, including DC-DC converters, inverters, buck, boost, buck-boost, pulse frequency modulation, pulse width modulation, current-mode control and pulse skipping, are described in detail. The design examples may

  6. Optimal design of switching power supply

    CERN Document Server

    Sha, Zhanyou; Wang, Yanpeng; Ma, Hongtao

    2015-01-01

    A contemporary evaluation of switching power design methods with real world applications Written by a leading author renowned in his field Focuses on switching power supply design, manufacture and debugging Switching power supplies have relevance for contemporary applications including mobile phone chargers, laptops and PCs Based on the authors' successful ""Switching Power Optimized Design 2nd Edition"" (in Chinese) Highly illustrated with design examples of real world applications

  7. Quality of Power Supply in European View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zdenek Hradilek

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with comparisons of situation in quality of power supply regulation in some of European countries, which are interested in CEER (Council of European Energy Regulators. Especially we focused our analysis on reliability indices, relationship between supplier and consumer and electric power supply aftereffects. There are discussed differences in each countries and comparison with situation in Czech Republic.

  8. Contribution to high voltage matrix switches reliability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nowadays, power electronic equipment requirements are important, concerning performances, quality and reliability. On the other hand, costs have to be reduced in order to satisfy the market rules. To provide cheap, reliability and performances, many standard components with mass production are developed. But the construction of specific products must be considered following these two different points: in one band you can produce specific components, with delay, over-cost problems and eventuality quality and reliability problems, in the other and you can use standard components in a adapted topologies. The CEA of Pierrelatte has adopted this last technique of power electronic conception for the development of these high voltage pulsed power converters. The technique consists in using standard components and to associate them in series and in parallel. The matrix constitutes high voltage macro-switch where electrical parameters are distributed between the synchronized components. This study deals with the reliability of these structures. It brings up the high reliability aspect of MOSFETs matrix associations. Thanks to several homemade test facilities, we obtained lots of data concerning the components we use. The understanding of defects propagation mechanisms in matrix structures has allowed us to put forwards the necessity of robust drive system, adapted clamping voltage protection, and careful geometrical construction. All these reliability considerations in matrix associations have notably allowed the construction of a new matrix structure regrouping all solutions insuring reliability. Reliable and robust, this product has already reaches the industrial stage. (author)

  9. Conductor warming in high-voltage grids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This illustrated article examines the heating-up of high-voltage power lines under load. As an example, the 105 km long Lukmanier power line that crosses the Alps in Switzerland is looked at. Varying loading caused by power transfers between Germany in the north and Italy in the south are discussed. Increasing instances of load variations resulting from the liberalisation of the electricity market in Switzerland are examined. The results of a pilot study carried out by Atel Netz AG and Etrans AG (today: Swissgrid AG) are presented and discussed. Various systems for the real-time measurement and analysis of various factors such as loading and temperature of the power lines are introduced and discussed. The geographical situation and the location of switch yards is looked at and the different climatic conditions encountered along the route over the Alps are discussed. Temporary and permanent measurement equipment installed for various electrical and meteorological data is described. The results obtained are discussed

  10. LHCb Calorimeters High Voltage System

    CERN Document Server

    Gilitsky, Y; Konoplyannikov, Anatoli; Lefrançois, J; Perret, P; Schopper, Andreas; Soldatov, M; Yakimchuk, V

    2007-01-01

    The calorimeter system in LHCb aims to identify electrons, photons and hadrons. All calorimeters are equipped with Hamamatsu photo tubes as devices for light to signal conversion. Eight thousand R7899-20 tubes are used for electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters and two hundred 64 channels multi-anode R7600-00-M64 for Scintillator-Pad/Preshower detectors. The calorimeter high voltage (HV) system is based on a Cockroft Walton (CW) voltage converter and a control board connected to the Experiment Control System (ECS) by serial bus. The base of each photomultiplier tube (PMT) is built with a high voltage converter and constructed on an individual printed circuit board, using compact surface mount components. The base is attached directly to the PMT. There are no HV cables in the system. A Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) is used on the control board as an interface between the ECS and the 200 control channels. The FPGA includes also additional functionalities allowing automated monitoring and ramp up of th...

  11. Development of three channel linear bipolar high voltage amplifier (±2 KV) for electrostatic steerer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electrostatic steerers and scanners are planned for low energy ion beam facilities at IUAC to steer and scan the ion beam on target. The power supplies for electrostatic steerers are high voltage bipolar DC amplifiers and for scanners are bipolar AC amplifiers. To fulfil the requirements a common unit has been designed and assembled for AC and DC applications. It can be used with electrostatic devices in scanning, steering and sweeping of low energy ion beams at high frequencies to attain uniform implantation. The unit consist of three independent limited bandwidth high voltage, linear bipolar amplifiers (for X-axis, Y-axis and Y1-dog leg plates). The unit has been provided with both local and remote control. (author)

  12. Study on the construction and its operating characteristics of Marx high voltage pulse generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study is to investigate the operating characteristics of a Marx high voltage pulse generator, which is designed and fabricated for the purpose of constructing a linear theta-pinch plasma generating facility. The Marx generator consists of a 2 kJ capacitor bank of maximum output voltage of 200kV, a set of main spark switch, a triggring system, and high voltage charging power supply. The experimental results show that the operating characteristics of the generator can be controlled through varying nitrogen pressure as a filling gas. The output pulse of the generator is achieved close to the estimated voltage with the rise time of 3*m seconds. The stability of the generator is also very satisfactory within operating range of main spark switch. (Author)

  13. High voltage DC semiconductor switch

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The high voltage DC switch of GTO's (bipolar element turn-off thyristor) and of MOS FET's (unipolar element field-effect transistor), both slave-driven in series connection, have been studied in basic characteristics. In the GTO switch, the 7.5 kV switch module and the 30 kV, 6 A switch as series connection of the four modules were constructed in trial. In the MOS FET switch, the 5 kV switch module and the 30 kV, 2 A switch as series connection of the six modules were constructed in trial. The MOS FET switch is faster by one order of magnitude in current turn-off speed than the GTO switch. The MOS FET switch is suitable for small current, fast switching and the GTO switch for large current, slow switching. (Mori, K.)

  14. Time-varying system identification of high voltage switches of a power substation with slide-window least-squares parameter estimations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is aimed at identifying the time-varying parameters and ultimate behavior of high voltage switch structures based on a series of full-scale shake table tests with harmonic excitations. Each structure involves a mechanical device for switch-on and switch-off, a friction-based switch, and three porcelain pillars. To identify the structural properties over time, a novel slide-window least-squares estimation method is developed. Each time-varying parameter is firstly approximately expressed by a simple polynomial or exponential function with time in a short slide-window. The time-invariant coefficients of the polynomial or exponential function are then estimated using a least-squares method. Finally, the time-varying parameters can be simply calculated from the estimated polynomial or exponential function. The proposed method is validated by simulated one- and two-story buildings with three kinds of time-varying parameters (stiffness varying abruptly, gradually, and periodically) under earthquake excitations. The application of the proposed method to the tested switch structures demonstrated that the time-varying fundamental frequency of the structures decreased from 7.5 to 6.5 Hz near resonance, which is consistent with the shake table test observations under an excitation of 1.27 and 2.54 mm in stroke. During the shake table tests, all switch structures failed at the bottom of the mechanical device under cyclic loading. (paper)

  15. Power Regulatory Framework & Opportunities for Self Supply

    OpenAIRE

    Finger, Matthias; Trevino, Luis

    2008-01-01

    The intention of a single energy market in Europe is to have a sustainable, competitive, and secure supply of energy. However, the current rise in the cost of electricity supply is affecting the competitiveness of large industrial users. This has led large electricity consumers to look for new ways to supply themselves with electricity. An important alternative to reduce power cost and avoid using electricity from the grid is self generation from a renewable energy source. The proposed paper ...

  16. Nuclear power: energy security and supply assurances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Expectations are high for nuclear power. This paper first summarizes recent global and regional projections for the medium-term, including the 2007 updates of IAEA projections plus International Energy Agency and World Energy Technology Outlook projections to 2030 and 2050. One driving force for nuclear power is concern about energy supply security. Two potential obstacles are concerns about increased nuclear weapon proliferation risks, and concerns by some countries about potential politically motivated nuclear fuel supply interruptions. Concerning supply security, the paper reviews different definitions, strategies and costs. Supply security is not free; nor does nuclear power categorically increase energy supply security in all situations. Concerning proliferation and nuclear fuel cut-off risks, the IAEA and others are exploring possible 'assurance of supply' mechanisms with 2 motivations. First, the possibility of a political fuel supply interruption is a non-market disincentive discouraging investment in nuclear power. Fuel supply assurance mechanisms could reduce this disincentive. Second, the risk of interruption creates an incentive for a country to insure against that risk by developing a national enrichment capability. Assurance mechanisms could reduce this incentive, thereby reducing the possible spread of new national enrichment capabilities and any associated weapon proliferation risks. (orig.)

  17. Design of a 300-Watt Isolated Power Supply with Minimized Circuit Input-to-Output Parasitic Capacitance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen-Duy, Khiem; Petersen, Lars Press

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the design of a 300-Watt isolated power supply for MOS gate driver circuit in medium and high voltage applications. The key feature of the developed power supply is having a very low circuit input-to-output parasitic capacitance, thus maximizing its noise immunity. This makes it suitable for modular stacking applications. The converter is a voltage-controlled current source, utilizing a transformer that has an extremely low inter-winding parasitic capacitance. The experiments show that an overall circuit input-to-output parasitic capacitance of 10 pF can be achieved. Design analysis and experimental results are provided to prove the feasibility of the converter.

  18. Design of ITER NBI power supply system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Power supply system for the ITER neutral beam injector (NBI) whose total injection power is 1 MeV, 50 MW from three modules, has been designed. The power supply system consists of a source power supply for negative ion production/extraction and a DC 1 MV, 45 A power supply for negative ion acceleration. An inverter controlled multi-transformer/rectifier system has been adopted to the acceleration power supply. An inverter frequency of 150 Hz was selected to satisfy required specifications which are rise time of <100 ms, voltage ripple of <10% peak to peak and cut off speed of <200?s. It was confirmed that the rise time, the ripple and the cut off speed is about 50 ms, 7% and <200?s respectively by computation. It was also confirmed that a surge current and an energy input to the ion source at the breakdown can be suppressed lower than 3 kA and 10 J, which are considered to be lower than allowable values. A 1 MV transmission line has been designed from a view point of electric field on the inner conductors and grounded conductor. The results from the design study indicate that all the required specification to the power supply system can be satisfied and that R and D on the transmission line is one of the most important subjects. (author)

  19. Control units for APS power supplies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Advanced Photon Source (APS) accelerator facility is made up of five major subsystems in addition to the linac: the positron accumulator ring (PAR), low energy transport (LET), booster synchrotron (SYNCH), high energy transport (HET), the storage ring (SR). Each subsystem has multiple magnet power supply combinations, some requiring multiple of operation. These magnet and power supply combinations computer controlled and monitored. The power supply control unit (PSCU) is the first layer of hardware and software above the power supply itself and is described in this paper. The description includes the basic philosophy for each of operation and how it influences the topology and of implementing control. The design of the analog reference blocks (ARBs) influenced the design of other custom functions well as the feedback controls for vibration and other dynamic corrections. The command set supported by the PSCU is discussed

  20. Analysis of three-phase power-supply systems using computer-aided design programs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A major concern of every designer of large, three-phase power-supply systems is the protection of system components from overvoltage transients. At present, three computer-aided circuit design programs are available in the Magnetic Fusion Energy (MFE) National Computer Center that can be used to analyze three-phase power systems: MINI SCEPTRE, SPICE I, and SPICE II. These programs have been used at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL) to analyze the operation of a 200-kV dc, 20-A acceleration power supply for the High Voltage Test Stand. Various overvoltage conditions are simulated and the effectiveness of system protective devices is observed. The simulated overvoltage conditions include such things as circuit breaker openings, pulsed loading, and commutation voltage surges in the rectifiers. These examples are used to illustrate the use of the computer-aided, circuit-design programs discussed in this paper

  1. High Input Voltage Discharge Supply for High Power Hall Thrusters Using Silicon Carbide Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinero, Luis R.; Scheidegger, Robert J.; Aulsio, Michael V.; Birchenough, Arthur G.

    2014-01-01

    A power processing unit for a 15 kW Hall thruster is under development at NASA Glenn Research Center. The unit produces up to 400 VDC with two parallel 7.5 kW discharge modules that operate from a 300 VDC nominal input voltage. Silicon carbide MOSFETs and diodes were used in this design because they were the best choice to handle the high voltage stress while delivering high efficiency and low specific mass. Efficiencies in excess of 97 percent were demonstrated during integration testing with the NASA-300M 20 kW Hall thruster. Electromagnet, cathode keeper, and heater supplies were also developed and will be integrated with the discharge supply into a vacuum-rated brassboard power processing unit with full flight functionality. This design could be evolved into a flight unit for future missions that requires high power electric propulsion.

  2. Power and supply chain integration

    OpenAIRE

    Petkova, Boyana Nikolaeva,

    2013-01-01

    Hedendaagse economieën zijn gebaseerd op de sequentiële verdeling van taken tussen bedrijven. Bij een dergelijke verdeling van taken voegt elk bedrijf waarde toe aan een halffabricaat en verkoopt het door aan een volgend bedrijf totdat een product ontstaat dat gereed is voor de eindconsument. De literatuur noemt zulke netwerken van bedrijven waarde ketens (i.e. ?supply chains‘). Academici benadrukken vaak dat bedrijven die onderdeel uitmaken van een waardeketen moeten integreren om de midd...

  3. Analytical Switching Cycle Modeling of Bidirectional High Voltage Flyback Converter for Capacitive Load Considering Core Loss Effect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Huang, Lina; Zhang, Zhe; Andersen, Michael A. E.

    2015-01-01

    With the advancement of material science, various smart materials with intrinsic capacitive property are emerging. The high voltage (HV) power electronics converters with bidirectional energy flow functionality for supplying the capacitive load are highly demanded. A switching cycle based analytical model of HV bidirectional converter driving capacitive load is beneficial in thoroughly understanding the operational behavior, investigating the energy efficiency and optimizing the design. In this ...

  4. 49 CFR 236.551 - Power supply voltage; requirement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Power supply voltage; requirement. 236.551 Section 236.551...Instructions; Locomotives § 236.551 Power supply voltage; requirement. The voltage of power supply shall be maintained within...

  5. Power supply strategy in Lithuania

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power plant produces about 80% of electricity in Lithuania. However, national energy strategy as a result of comprehensive assessment of technical, economic and political factors foresees closure of its first unit by 2005. Future fate of the second unit will be defined later in 2004 . Electricity demand requirements will be covered by other modernised power plants burning fossil fuel. This may create some environmental problems, especially if unit 2 would be closed. Earlier closure of the nuclear power plant is a great economical burden not only for the power sector but also to the whole national economy. This requires substantial technical and financial support from EU and other developed countries. (author)

  6. The application of auto-gated power supply in ICCD camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Zhe; Zhang, Jian; Fan, Xue-wu; Xiang, Shi-ming

    2013-08-01

    Intensified CCD (ICCD) imagers have been widely used in low light level imaging system. While the ICCD has smaller dynamic range in ubiquity, and its output image is prone to saturation in high light level. In this paper, the auto-gated power supply method is put forward to implementing automatic brightness control (ABC). Consequently, the ICCD camera imaging dynamic range is improved. Firstly, the principle of the auto-gated power supply is described briefly, and the design scheme is carried out in detail. The pulse power control mode is adopted to the photocathode instead of the traditional high voltage DC power supply, and the analog adjustment mode is adopted to the micro channel plate (MCP). Secondly, an imaging experiment for ICCD camera was made to validate the auto-gated power supply design, and the experiment results are presented. The results indicated that the design is valid, and the auto-gated power supply method helps to improve the image quality of the ICCD camera. Finally, the key problems in the design are analyzed and summarized in detail.

  7. Innovative use of power integrated modules for DC power supplies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørndrup Nielsen, Rasmus; Elkiær, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    In this article several innovative ways of utilizing Power Integrated Modules (PIM) as switching device in a DC power supply are presented. PIM have advantages in compactness of design, cost and fast prototype due to easier PCB layout. A PIM converter topology is chosen and designed resulting in an experimental setup. Results from the setup are presented showing the feasibility of using a PIM module as almost all power semiconductors in a DC power supply.

  8. Control and protection system for an electron injector installed in a high-voltage terminal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The basic principles of operation of the control and protection system for an electron accelerator gun are described. The electron gun parameters are independently controlled by using four special secondary windings of the high-voltage transformer providing the accelerating voltage. Four groups of thyristor ac regulators employing phase control are connected so as to provide independent adjustment of each parameter of the gun. The power controller of modular construction has a single-phase supply from the 50 Hz 220 V mains. (orig.)

  9. Feasibility of high-voltage systems for a very long drift in liquid argon TPCs

    OpenAIRE

    Horikawa, S.(Zurich University, Switzerland); Badertscher, A.; Kaufmann, L; Laffranchi, M; Marchionni, A.; M. Messina; Natterer, G; RUBBIA, A

    2010-01-01

    Designs of high-voltage (HV) systems for creating a drift electric field in liquid argon TPCs are reviewed. In ongoing experiments systems capable of approx. 100 kV are realised for a drift field of 0.5-1 kV/cm over a length of up to 1.5 m. Two of them having different approaches are presented: (1) the ICARUS-T600 detector having a system consisting of an external power supply, HV feedthroughs and resistive voltage degraders and (2) the ArDM-1t detector having a cryogenic Gr...

  10. Present status of klystron power supply systems for J-PARC linac 2012. Recovery from earthquake disaster, HVDCPS breakdown and energy upgrade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After the Great East Japan Earthquake, the klystron power supply systems for the J-PARC 181MeV linac had recovered in last October, and restarted the all-day operations in last November. In this March, the high-voltage DC power supply no.1 (HVDCPS no.1) broke down. The cause was the breakdown of the condensers, which were the parts of the stacks of the diode circuitries. For the linac energy upgrade to 400MeV, the new power supply systems were tested. (author)

  11. A new type to quadrupole power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The maximum outputs of this new type of quadrupole power supply are 220 A and 530 A respectively at a repetition rate of 12.5 pulses per second with a current variation no greater than ± 0.1% during the beam time. The load current can be automatically adjusted by using power transistors which are in series with the magnet loads

  12. 1000-kVA arc power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Because of ever-increasing power demands for the development of the Oak Ridge duoPIGatron ion source, a continuous-duty arc power supply was constructed for the Medium Energy Test Facility (METF) to furnish power for the plasma generator of experimental ion sources. The power supply utilizes 12-pulse rectification with half-wave switching in a delta and wye full-wave bridge that may be connected in series or parallel. It will deliver 340 V dc, 2500 A to an ion source when series connected and 170 V dc, 5000 A when paralleled connected. Silicon-controlled rectifiers (SCR) in each rectifier bridge can be switched for pulses as short as 10 ms through continuous duty. The filter section that reduces the ripple in the output consists of an inductor-to-capacitor (L-C) filter to smooth the 720-Hz pulses. The power transformer serves as an isolation transformer allowing the secondary to be elevated to the accelerating potential of the ion source. The dc output level is controlled with a 1000-kVA auto transformer connected to the primary of the power transformer. All elevated voltages and currents are monitored at ground potential with an optical telemetry system. This paper describes the power supply in detail, including block diagrams, component specifications, and waveforms when supplying power to an ion source

  13. Electron cyclotron pulse gyroklstron power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The system herein described represents utilization of technology developed at Universal Voltronics Corporation in accordance with General Atomic specifications to provide power for a gyrotron developed by Varian Inc. The current designs are derived from experience gained in design of similar systems and the requirements imposed by Varian to supply needs of gyrotron. The technical approach was carefully selected to insure high reliability, high performance, low maintenance time, and best cost trade-off. The gyrotron power supply system is designed to furnish all power, cooling, protection, and mechanical mounting for a pulse gyroklystron

  14. Basic technology of synchrotron power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The thyristor power supply for a synchrotron magnet system is described. An analysis of the magnet strings, power electronics and control system is carried out with a bird's-eye view, however the fundamental description is appeared. It assumes a student and an engineer in fields concepts, which can be the electronics designing in related fields, and a background in Laplas transforms. It presents an example of power supply, which is developed for the synchrotron- cooler ring TARN II at Institute for Nuclear Study, Univ. of Tokyo. (author)

  15. A combined compensation method for the output voltage of an insulated core transformer power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An insulated core transformer (ICT) power supply is an ideal high-voltage generator for irradiation accelerators with energy lower than 3 MeV. However, there is a significant problem that the structure of the segmented cores leads to an increase in the leakage flux and voltage differences between rectifier disks. A high level of consistency in the output of the disks helps to achieve a compact structure by improving the utilization of both the rectifier components and the insulation distances, and consequently increase the output voltage of the power supply. The output voltages of the disks which are far away from the primary coils need to be improved to reduce their inhomogeneity. In this study, by investigating and comparing the existing compensation methods, a new combined compensation method is proposed, which increases the turns on the secondary coils and employs parallel capacitors to improve the consistency of the disks, while covering the entire operating range of the power supply. This method turns out to be both feasible and effective during the development of an ICT power supply. The non-uniformity of the output voltages of the disks is less than 3.5% from no-load to full-load, and the power supply reaches an output specification of 350 kV/60 mA

  16. DA?NE magnet power supply system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The e+-e-, 1020 MeV at center of mass, Particle Accelerator Complex DA?NE, consists of a linear accelerator (Linac), a damping ring (D.A.), nearly 180 m of transfer lines (T.L.) and two storage rings (S.R.), that intersect each other in two points (I.P.), for ? particle production. The D.A., T.L. and S.R. magnets are powered by means of 462 power supplies, rating from 100 W to 1 MW. The very different output currents, from 10 A to 2300 A, and output voltages, from 8 V to 1300 V, imposed many different technical solution realized by the world industry. This paper describes the Power Supply System giving also a description of the different typologies, their characteristics and control systems. The paper reports also the power supply performances and gives information on their installation and first year operation period

  17. Bipolar high-repetition-rate high-voltage nanosecond pulser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pulser designed is mainly used for producing corona plasma in waste water treatment system. Also its application in study of dielectric electrical properties will be discussed. The pulser consists of a variable dc power source for high-voltage supply, two graded capacitors for energy storage, and the rotating spark gap switch. The key part is the multielectrode rotating spark gap switch (MER-SGS), which can ensure wider range modulation of pulse repetition rate, longer pulse width, shorter pulse rise time, remarkable electrical field distortion, and greatly favors recovery of the gap insulation strength, insulation design, the life of the switch, etc. The voltage of the output pulses switched by the MER-SGS is in the order of 3-50 kV with pulse rise time of less than 10 ns and pulse repetition rate of 1-3 kHz. An energy of 1.25-125 J per pulse and an average power of up to 10-50 kW are attainable. The highest pulse repetition rate is determined by the driver motor revolution and the electrode number of MER-SGS. Even higher voltage and energy can be switched by adjusting the gas pressure or employing N2 as the insulation gas or enlarging the size of MER-SGS to guarantee enough insulation level

  18. Report about the contribution of new technologies to the burial of high and very-high voltage power lines; Rapport sur l'apport de nouvelles technologies dans l'enfouissement des lignes electriques a haute et tres haute tension

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kert, Ch. [Assemblee Nationale, 75 - Paris (France)

    2001-12-01

    Today, high voltage overhead power lines are badly perceived by the population in particular in urban areas and in areas with remarkable landscapes, for their visual impact on the environment and for their possible effect on human health. With the increase of the domestic and foreign power demand, the high voltage grid will develop in the future and the partial burial of power lines can be the first steps towards a solution to these problems. This report makes a worldwide status of the state-of-the-art of power line burial technologies, all voltages considered, and then focusses on the very-high voltage challenge which encounters the most important technological and economical constraints. The technical feasibility has been proven but the lowering of costs needs the development of a real European market of power lines burial. (J.S.)

  19. 3.6MW Power Supply System of the 170GHz ECH&CD System in KSTAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joung Jin-Hyun

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A 3.6 MW (-66 kV/55 A Gyrotron power supply system was developed for the 170 GHz ECH&CD gyrotron system in KSTAR. This power supply system consists of Cathode Power Supply(CPS, Anode Power Supply(APS and Body Power Supply(BPS. The CPS is using the Pulse Step Modulation by the 32set of IGBT choppers. The respons time of Chopper is very fast. So the cathode voltaget is able to be controlled rapidly. The APS is a sort of voltage devider using zener and switch component. It was achieved 3kHz modulation operation. The BPS is combined the commercial power supply and special high voltage switches. It is very simple topology but 5kHz modulation was accomplished easily. Theses power supply system were installed and commissioned successfully in 2011. This paper presents the topology of the each power supply and test result for 170 GHz gyrotron in KSTAR.

  20. A coding and high voltage driving module

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A coding and high-voltage pulse driving module used in free-space quantum communication is described. This module generate random control signal to drive High-Voltage Pulse generator to control receiver’s polarization, receive detector signal and encode them by signal channel. (authors)

  1. Obtaining of bilateral high voltage epitaxial p—i—n Si structures by LPE method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vakiv N. M.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Silicon p—i—n-structures are usually obtained using conventional diffusion method or liquid phase epitaxy (LPE. In both cases, the formation of p- and n-layers occurs in two stages. This technological approach is quite complex. Moreover, when forming bilateral high-voltage epitaxial layers, their parameters significantly deteriorate as a result of prolonged heat treatment of active high-resistivity layer. Besides, when using diffusion method, it is impossible to provide good reproducibility of the process. In this paper a technique of growing bilateral high-voltage silicon p—i—n-structures by LPE in a single process is proposed. The authors have obtained the optimum compounds of silicon-undersaturated molten solutions for highly doped (5•1018 cm–3 contact layers: 0.4—0.8 at. % aluminum in gallium melt for growing p-Si-layers and 0.03—0.15 at. % ytterbium in tin melt for n-Si-layers. Parameters of such structures provide for manufacturing of high-voltage diodes on their basis. Such diodes can be used in navigational equipment, communication systems for household and special purposes, on-board power supply systems, radar systems, medical equipment, etc.

  2. High voltage switch triggered by a laser-photocathode subsystem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ping; Lundquist, Martin L.; Yu, David U. L.

    2013-01-08

    A spark gap switch for controlling the output of a high voltage pulse from a high voltage source, for example, a capacitor bank or a pulse forming network, to an external load such as a high gradient electron gun, laser, pulsed power accelerator or wide band radar. The combination of a UV laser and a high vacuum quartz cell, in which a photocathode and an anode are installed, is utilized as triggering devices to switch the spark gap from a non-conducting state to a conducting state with low delay and low jitter.

  3. Testing a High Tc superconducting high voltage generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Based on a R, L, C resonant circuit and using a high Tc superconducting (HTS) inductor, very high voltages and currents can be produced. Theoretically, an infinite high voltage can be achieved by continually reversing a dc power source in such a resonant circuit. An electronic switch has been built with a thyristor-bridge to enable the necessary switching to be carried out. A (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3010+x HTS wire has been used to make the superconducting inductor. The generator is a high voltage source suitable for a high impedance load, and therefore can be used for partial discharge testing and insulation resistance testing. It could also be used as a testing method for the HTS itself with respect to the critical current and AC loss measurements

  4. Distributed Power Supply Control and Monitoring System

    CERN Document Server

    Nogiec, J M

    2001-01-01

    An extensible power supply control and monitoring system has been developed at Fermilab's Technical Division as a result of requirements to control and monior power supplies of various types from within many different applications. This system, deployed as a network service, provides uniform programming and user interfaces for various types of power supplies, ranging from 20A to 30kA. It allows for a concurrent multi-user access, with at most one application granted controlling capabilities at a time. Users can control and monitor the state of a power supply as well as monitor generated current by: a) sending separate requests to the service via provided C/C+ and Java APIs, b) uploading current control programs written in a specialized ramp profile description language to be interpreted by the system, c) scripting using a provided set of programs, and d) using supplied GUIs. In addition, special programs are available to monitor and log all control requests being sent to the service and to provide traces of c...

  5. Advances in high voltage insulation and arc interruption in SF6 and vacuum

    CERN Document Server

    Maller, V N

    1982-01-01

    Advances in High Voltage Insulation and Arc Interruption in SF6 and Vacuum deals with high voltage breakdown and arc extinction in sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) and high vacuum, with special emphasis on the application of these insulating media in high voltage power apparatus and devices. The design and developmental aspects of various high voltage power apparatus using SF6 and high vacuum are highlighted. This book is comprised of eight chapters and opens with a discussion on electrical discharges in SF6 and high vacuum, along with the properties and handling of SF6 gas. The following chapters fo

  6. Cleaning High-Voltage Equipment With Corncob Grit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caveness, C.

    1986-01-01

    High electrical resistance of particles makes power shutdown unnecessary. New, inexpensive method of cleaning high-voltage electrical equipment uses plentiful agricultural product - corncob grit. Method removes dirt and debris from transformers, circuit breakers, and similar equipment. Suitable for utilities, large utility customers, and electrical-maintenance services.

  7. Very low power, high voltage base for a Photo Multiplier Tube for the KM3NeT deep sea neutrino telescope

    CERN Document Server

    Timmer, P; Peek, H; 10.1088/1748-0221/5/12/C12049

    2010-01-01

    The described system is developed in the framework of a deep-sea submerged Very Large Volume neutrino Telescope where photons are detected by a large number of Photo Multiplier Tubes. These PMTs are placed in optical modules (OM). A basic Cockcroft-Walton (CW) voltage multiplier circuit design is used to generate multiple voltages to drive the dynodes of the photomultiplier tube. To achieve a long lifetime and a high reliability the dissipation in the OM must be kept to the minimum. The design is also constrained by size restrictions, load current, voltage range, and the maximum allowable ripple in the output voltage. A surface mount PMT-base PCB prototype is designed and successfully tested. The system draws less than 1.5 mA of supply current at a voltage of 3.3 V with outputs up to -1400 Vdc cathode voltage, a factor 10 less than the commercially available state of the art

  8. Very low power, high voltage base for a Photo Multiplier Tube for the KM3NeT deep sea neutrino telescope

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The described system is developed in the framework of a deep-sea submerged Very Large Volume neutrino Telescope where photons are detected by a large number of Photo Multiplier Tubes. These PMTs are placed in optical modules (OM). A basic Cockcroft-Walton (CW) voltage multiplier circuit design is used to generate multiple voltages to drive the dynodes of the photomultiplier tube. To achieve a long lifetime and a high reliability the dissipation in the OM must be kept to the minimum. The design is also constrained by size restrictions, load current, voltage range, and the maximum allowable ripple in the output voltage. A surface mount PMT-base PCB prototype is designed and successfully tested. The system draws less than 1.5 mA of supply current at a voltage of 3.3 V with outputs up to -1400 Vdc cathode voltage, a factor 10 less than the commercially available state of the art.

  9. Distance to High-Voltage Power Lines and Risk of Childhood Leukemia – an Analysis of Confounding by and Interaction with Other Potential Risk Factors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Camilla; Bräuner, Elvira V

    2014-01-01

    We investigated whether there is an interaction between distance from residence at birth to nearest power line and domestic radon and traffic-related air pollution, respectively, in relation to childhood leukemia risk. Further, we investigated whether adjusting for potential confounders alters the association between distance to nearest power line and childhood leukemia. We included 1024 cases aged <15, diagnosed with leukemia during 1968-1991, from the Danish Cancer Registry and 2048 controls randomly selected from the Danish childhood population and individually matched by gender and year of birth. We used geographical information systems to determine the distance between residence at birth and the nearest 132-400 kV overhead power line. Concentrations of domestic radon and traffic-related air pollution (NOx at the front door) were estimated using validated models. We found a statistically significant interaction between distance to nearest power line and domestic radon regarding risk of childhood leukemia (p?=?0.01) when using the median radon level as cut-off point but not when using the 75th percentile (p?=?0.90). We found no evidence of an interaction between distance to nearest power line and traffic-related air pollution (p?=?0.73). We found almost no change in the estimated association between distance to power line and risk of childhood leukemia when adjusting for socioeconomic status of the municipality, urbanization, maternal age, birth order, domestic radon and traffic-related air pollution. The statistically significant interaction between distance to nearest power line and domestic radon was based on few exposed cases and controls and sensitive to the choice of exposure categorization and might, therefore, be due to chance.

  10. Distance to high-voltage power lines and risk of childhood leukemia : An analysis of confounding by and interaction with other potential risk factors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Camilla; Bräuner, Elvira

    2014-01-01

    We investigated whether there is an interaction between distance from residence at birth to nearest power line and domestic radon and traffic-related air pollution, respectively, in relation to childhood leukemia risk. Further, we investigated whether adjusting for potential confounders alters the association between distance to nearest power line and childhood leukemia. We included 1024 cases aged <15, diagnosed with leukemia during 1968-1991, from the Danish Cancer Registry and 2048 controls randomly selected from the Danish childhood population and individually matched by gender and year of birth. We used geographical information systems to determine the distance between residence at birth and the nearest 132-400 kV overhead power line. Concentrations of domestic radon and traffic-related air pollution (NOx at the front door) were estimated using validated models. We found a statistically significant interaction between distance to nearest power line and domestic radon regarding risk of childhood leukemia (p = 0.01) when using the median radon level as cut-off point but not when using the 75th percentile (p = 0.90). We found no evidence of an interaction between distance to nearest power line and traffic-related air pollution (p = 0.73). We found almost no change in the estimated association between distance to power line and risk of childhood leukemia when adjusting for socioeconomic status of the municipality, urbanization, maternal age, birth order, domestic radon and traffic-related air pollution. The statistically significant interaction between distance to nearest power line and domestic radon was based on few exposed cases and controls and sensitive to the choice of exposure categorization and might, therefore, be due to chance

  11. Wireless Power Transmission for Power Supply: State of Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mazanek

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The wireless power supply is motivated by simple and comfortable use of many small electric appliances with low power input. This paper reviews the concepts which are suitable for wireless power transmission with respect to power supply of such appliances in small areas. The categorization of the concepts is made. The efficiency of the concepts is discussed on general base. The reference levels for exposure to electric and magnetic fields are mentioned, and maximal power delivered to an appliance by fulfillment of these levels is considered.

  12. Exploring the potential for new power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation examined the possibility of independent power producers (IPPs) developing renewable energy sources such as run-of-river, biomass, small hydro and wind power in the province of British Columbia. The markets for these energy sources were reviewed along with the market restrictions, competition, and energy policies. The IPP potential in BC has been estimated at 7000 MWs, with the highest potential being with wind power. According to Helimax, a Montreal-based wind engineering firm, North Vancouver Island alone has more than 1500 MWs of wind potential. California represents a potential market for this energy source. California has instituted a renewable portfolio standard of over 15 per cent. The trend to buy green is also reflected in the decision by many utilities along the west coast to look for green energy sources to address the high costs and environmental risks associated with natural gas and other fossil fuels. Wind companies are also willing to write long term contracts, well past the limits of natural gas contracts. More utilities are seeking long range stable contracts to hedge rising fuel costs. A winning element of this dynamic is that wind power can stabilize long term electrical prices while gas destabilizes them due to different fuel risks. The long term outlook for renewables is good because they are a tool of choice for addressing global climate change. However, the aging transmission infrastructure poses a restriction to market access. Sea Breeze Pacific Regional Transmission System Inc. has presented some solutions to address this problem. Two power transmission projects are currently under study. These include a 1050 MW transmission capacity project for the Strait of Juan de Fuca; and the Greater West Coast projects which will increase power transfer capacity to and from Vancouver Island via a submarine high voltage DC system that would enable stranded provincial energy resources to be exported to high value markets, bypassing existing congested interfaces with minimal losses. Policy issues affecting the development of renewable energy sources were discussed along with the need for utilities to embrace the integration of independent power producers.figs

  13. High Voltage Direct Current transmission

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Jingqiang

    2009-01-01

    This thesis is focused on the application and development of HVDC transmission technology based on thyristor without turn-off capability. Compared with other macroelectronics in the power field, thyristor without turn-off capability has successful operation experience to ensure reliability and high power ratings to transfer bulk energy. This thesis covers converter station design and equipments, reactive power compensation and voltage stability, AC/DC filters design, control strategy and ...

  14. High-Voltage CMOS Controller for Microfluidics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khorasani, M; Behnam, M; van den Berg, L; Backhouse, C J; Elliott, D G

    2009-04-01

    A high-voltage microfluidic controller designed using DALSA semiconductor's 0.8-mum low-voltage/high-voltage complementary metal-oxide semiconductor/double diffused metal-oxide semiconductor process is presented. The chip's four high-voltage output drivers can switch 300 V, and the dc-dc boost converter can generate up to 68 V using external passive components. This integrated circuit represents an advancement in microfluidic technology when used in conjunction with a charge coupling device (CCD)-based optical system and a glass microfluidic channel, enabling a portable and cost-efficient platform for genetic analysis. PMID:23853200

  15. Protection of the MFTF accel power supplies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The MFTF experiment's Sustaining Neutral Beam Power Supply System (SNBPSS) includes twenty-four 95 kV, 80 A accel dc power supplies (ADCPS). Each power supply includes a relatively high-impedance (20 percent) rectifier transformer and a step voltage regulator with a 50-100 percent voltage range. With this combination, the fault current for some postulated faults may be lower than the supply's full load current at maximum voltage. A design has been developed which uses protective relays and current-limiting fuses coordinated to detect phase and ground faults, DC faults, incorrect voltage conditions, rectifier faults, power factor correction capacitor faults, and overloads. This unusual solution ensures fast tripping on potentially destructive high-current faults and long-time delays at lower currents to allow 30 second pulse operation. The ADCPS meets the LLL specification that all major assemblies be self-protecting, that is, able to sustain external faults without damage to minimize damage due to internal faults

  16. Pulsed power supply for Nova Upgrade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes work carried out at the Center for Electromechanics at The University of Texas at Austin (CEM-UT). A baseline design of the Nova Upgrade has been completed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The Nova Upgrade is an 18 beamline Nd: glass laser design utilizing fully relayed 4x4 30 cm aperture segmented optical components. The laser thus consists of 288 independent beamlets nominally producing 1.5 to 2.0 MJ of 0.35 ?m light in a 3 to 5 ns pulse. The laser design is extremely flexible and will allow a wide range of pulses to irradiate ICF targets. This facility will demonstrate ignition/gain and the scientific feasibility of ICF for energy and defense applications. The pulsed power requirements for the Nova Upgrade are given. CEM-UT was contracted to study and develop a design for a homopolar generator/inductor (HPG/inductor) opening switch system which would satisfy the pulsed power supply requirements of the Nova Upgrade. The Nd:glass laser amplifiers used in the Nova Upgrade will be powered by light from xenon flashlamps. The pulsed power supply for the Nova Upgrade powers the xenon flashlamps. This design and study was for a power supply to drive flashlamps

  17. Streamer model for high voltage water switches

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An electrical switch model for high voltage water switches has been developed which predicts streamer-switching effects that correlate well with water-switch data from Casino over the past four years and with switch data from recent Aurora/AMP experiments. Preclosure rounding and postclosure resistive damping of pulseforming line voltage waveforms are explained in terms of spatially-extensive, capacitive-coupling of the conducting streamers as they propagate across the gap and in terms of time-dependent streamer resistance and inductance. The arc resistance of the Casino water switch and of a gas switch under test on Casino was determined by computer fit to be 0.5 +- 0.1 ohms and 0.3 +- 0.06 ohms respectively, during the time of peak current in the power pulse. Energy lost in the water switch during the first pulse is 18% of that stored in the pulseforming line while similar energy lost in the gas switch is 11%. The model is described, computer transient analyses are compared with observed water and gas switch data and the results - switch resistance, inductance and energy loss during the primary power pulse - are presented

  18. Measurement ot the switching over-voltages at the disconnection of the high voltage shunt reactors in the Romanian power system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stroica, Paul Constantin; Merfu, Ion; Stroica, Mihail; Merfu, Marius; Cojocaru, Florian; Stefan, Dinu; Cojocaru, Mihai

    2010-09-15

    The paper presents the measurements of the switching over-voltages made in the Romanian Power System, at the 400/220/110 kV Urechesti substation at the disconnection of a 400 kV, 100 MVAr shunt reactor type DFAL, Siemens, Germany, in 3 consecutive versions. The first one is for shunt reactor controlled by live-tank oil circuit breaker, the second one is for shunt reactor controlled by SF6 circuit breaker, and the third one is for shunt reactor controlled by SF6 circuit breaker and synchronize device.

  19. Reliability of dc power supplies in nuclear power plant application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In June 1977 the reliability of dc power supplies at nuclear power facilities was questioned. It was postulated that a sudden gross failure of the redundant dc power supplies might occur during normal plant operation, and that this could lead to insufficient shutdown cooling of the reactor core. It was further suggested that this potential for insufficient cooling is great enough to warrant consideration of prompt remedies. The work described herein was part of the NRC staff's efforts aimed towards putting the performance of dc power supplies in proper perspective and was mainly directed towards the particular concern raised at that time. While the staff did not attempt to perform a systematic study of overall dc power supply reliability including all possible failure modes for such supplies, the work summarized herein describes how a probabilistic approach was used to supplement our more usual deterministic approach to reactor safety. Our evaluation concluded that the likelihood of dc power supply failures leading to insufficient shutdown cooling of the reactor core is sufficiently small as to not require any immediate action

  20. Harmonic analysis of EAST large power fast control power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The multiple structure of three-level inverter is presented to satisfy the requirement of large current and quick control for the fast control power supply in the EAST tokamak, which applies carrier phase-shift PWM technology to realize multi-inverters parallel. The design scheme is analyzed, and the output harmonic characteristic of parallel inverters is studied, the analytic expression of harmonic of the output voltage is obtained by means of dual Fourier transformation. The simulation and experimental results confirm that the power supply system has a perfect performance on harmonic feature, can supply large current and has ability of fast response. (authors)

  1. Design and performance of a 2-megawatt high voltage dc test load

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A high-power water-cooled resistive load which simulates the electrical load characteristics of a high-power klystron, capable of a 2 MW dissipation at 95 kV DC, is designed and installed. The load utilizes wirewound resistor elements suspended inside G-11 insulated tubing contained within a single-wall 316 stainless steel pressure vessel with flanged elliptical heads. The vessel supplies a continuous flow of deionized water. Baffles fabricated from G-10 sheets support the tubing and promote water turbulence to maximize heat removal. A companion oil tank houses resistive filament and mod-anode power supply test loads, plus an electrical interlock system which provides protection from inadequate water flow, excessive oil temperature, and arcing in either the pressure vessel or oil tank. A secondary safety system consists of both hydrostatic and steam pressure relief valves on the pressure vessel. Power supply tests indicate the load simulates the electrical load characteristics of a high-power klystron to a degree sufficient to accurately performance-test the rf high voltage power supplies used at the Advanced Photon Source

  2. High voltage and electrical insulation engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Arora, Ravindra

    2011-01-01

    "The book is written for students as well as for teachers and researchers in the field of High Voltage and Insulation Engineering. It is based on the advance level courses conducted at TU Dresden, Germany and Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India. The book has a novel approach describing the fundamental concept of field dependent behavior of dielectrics subjected to high voltage. There is no other book in the field of high voltage engineering following this new approach in describing the behavior of dielectrics. The contents begin with the description of fundamental terminology in the subject of high voltage engineering. It is followed by the classification of electric fields and the techniques of field estimation. Performance of gaseous, liquid and solid dielectrics under different field conditions is described in the subsequent chapters. Separate chapters on vacuum as insulation and the lightning phenomenon are included"--

  3. Magnet power supply as a network object

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Magnet power supplies with embedded microprocessor controls are being installed in the beam-lines of the linear accelerator and proton storage ring at LAMPF. Using an RS422 link they communicate with the accelerator control system through a terminal server connected to the site-wide DECnet backbone. Each supply is, for all intents and purposes, a network object. The controller has a command set of over seventy-five three-character ASCII control and read-back instructions. Strategies for choosing the appropriate control protocol and the process of integrating these devices into a large accelerator control system will be presented. 7 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab

  4. Design of neutral beam injection power supplies for ITER

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Design study on a power supply system for the ITER neutral beam injector(NBI) has been performed. Circuits of converter/inverter system and other components of the acceleration power supply whose capacity is 1 MV, 45 A have been designed in detail. Performance of the negative ion production power supplies such as an arc and an extraction power supplies was investigated using the EMTDC code. It was confirmed that ripples of 0.34%p-p for the extraction power supply and 1.7%p-p for the arc power supply are small enough. It was also confirmed that an energy input to a negative ion generator from the arc power supply at an arcing can be suppressed smaller than 8 J. The extraction power supply was designed to suppress the energy input lower than 13 J at the breakdown in the extractor. These performances satisfy the required specification of the power supply system. (author)

  5. High voltage stability performance of a gamma ray detection device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full-text:An industrial grade digital radiation survey meter device is currently being developed at Malaysian Nuclear Agency. This device used a cylindrical type Geiger Mueller (GM) which acts as a detector. GM detector operates at relatively high direct current voltages depend on the type of GM tube. This thin/thick walled cylindrical type of GM tube operates at 450-650 volts range. Proper value and stability performance of high voltage are important parameters to ensure that this device give a reliable radiation dose measurement. This paper will present an assessment of the stability and performance of the high voltage supply for radiation detector. The assessment is performed using System Identification tools box in MATLAB and mathematical statistics. (author)

  6. High voltage switches having one or more floating conductor layers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Werne, Roger W.; Sampayan, Stephen; Harris, John Richardson

    2015-11-24

    This patent document discloses high voltage switches that include one or more electrically floating conductor layers that are isolated from one another in the dielectric medium between the top and bottom switch electrodes. The presence of the one or more electrically floating conductor layers between the top and bottom switch electrodes allow the dielectric medium between the top and bottom switch electrodes to exhibit a higher breakdown voltage than the breakdown voltage when the one or more electrically floating conductor layers are not present between the top and bottom switch electrodes. This increased breakdown voltage in the presence of one or more electrically floating conductor layers in a dielectric medium enables the switch to supply a higher voltage for various high voltage circuits and electric systems.

  7. Supply disruption cost for power network planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A description is given of the method of approach to calculate the total annual socio-economic cost of power supply disruption and non-supplied energy, included the utilities' cost for planning. The total socio-economic supply disruption cost is the sum of the customers' disruption cost and the utilities' cost for failure and disruption. The mean weighted disruption cost for Norway for one hour disruption is NOK 19 per kWh. The customers' annual disruption cost is calculated with basis in the specific disruption cost referred to heavy load (January) and dimensioning maximum loads. The loads are reduced by factors taking into account the time variations of the failure frequency, duration, the loads and the disruption cost. 6 refs

  8. Off-line inverter magnet power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A high current, intermediate power, off-line inverter power supply was developed for use with high inductance magnet loads. Two banks of paralleled switching transistors directly invert the rectified line at 5-10 kHz into the power transformer primary. Paralleled center-tapped secondaries are full-wave rectified directly into the inductive load. The primary switches are pulse-width modulated to provide the full range of output current. Regulation is 1:104 with long-term stability about 2:104. The control circuitry is highly noise immune. Protection for the semiconductors is provided by an over-current sensor which terminates the drive signal to the switches quickly enough to protect against all faults, including output short-circuits. The magnet is protected against over-voltage by the inherent free-wheeling operation of the secondary diodes. Electrical efficiency is greater than 80 percent over the entire current range, and the supply is extremely small and lightweight. A triple unit, consisting of three water cooled 2.5 kVA supplies, measures 5 x 7 x 17 inches and weighs 30 lb. Other units have been built with power to 4.5 kVA at 150 amperes. (auth)

  9. Optimal high-voltage energization of corona-electrostatic separators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iuga, A.; Neamtu, V.; Suarasan, I.; Morar, R. [Technical Univ. of Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Dascalescu, L. [CNRS, Grenoble (France). Lab. d`Electrostatique et de Materiaux Dielectriques

    1998-03-01

    The selection of the high-voltage supply can play an important role in the optimization of electrostatic separation processes. This paper aims to evaluate the influence of the main high-voltage parameters (waveform, polarity, level) on the efficiency of electrostatic separation, in the case of insulation-metal granular mixtures. A roll-type laboratory high-tension separator was employed for the experimental study, and the tests were carried out with samples of granular materials taken from the technological flowsheet of a recycling plant for electric wire scraps. The oscillograms of the voltage and of the current across the separator proved to be of great use for studying the transition from corona to spark discharges. The experiments, performed under various operating conditions (roll speed, roll radius, high-voltage level, interelectrode distance), show the existence of a strong interdependence between these parameters, the frequency of spark discharges, and the efficiency of the separation process. The reported results suggest that monitoring the frequency of spark discharges, and the efficiency of the separation process. The reported results suggest that monitoring the frequency of the spark discharges could be of use for controlling the optimum operating voltage for a given electrostatic separation application. Although the full-wave rectifier allows for lower operating voltages than the half-wave rectifier, its general effectiveness in electrostatic separation processes is superior. Good insulation-metal electrostatic separation can be achieved at either positive or negative polarity of the high-voltage supply, but negative electrode energization is recommended for most industrial applications. The methodology proposed in this paper might be successfully employed for establishing the optimal operating conditions of electrode energization for other applications, such as electrostatic precipitation, plasma chemical purification of gases, or charge neutralization.

  10. MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE HIGH-VOLTAGE BATTERY IDENTIFICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Serikov

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The mathematical model of hybrid electric vehicle NiMH high-voltage battery is obtained. This model allows to explore the interaction of vehicle tractive electric drive and high-voltage battery at the electric motive power motion and in the process of recuperation of braking kinetic energy.

  11. Exporting Australia's remote area power supply industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Australian renewable energy industry has two faces: Remote Area Power Supply systems (RAPS), where the trade-off is between the traditional diesel generator and diesel hybrid or the stand alone renewable energy system. The competency of the Australian RAPS industry is recognised internationally. Grid connected renewable energy technologies, where industry activity is expanding rapidly, but where Australian competencies carry relatively little weight internationally (other than for research and development of related components such as big performance, crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells). Individual industry development strategies are required in each instance. The focus of this paper is on strategies that enhance the export potential of the Australian RAPS industry. Involvement of the electricity supply utilities is promoted as a means of quickly instituting a substantial industry presence. The term RAPS can be confusing. It is used to describe any supply system serving a remote user, be they a single property owner with a simple, stand alone DC photovoltaic supply, or several communities with complex, inter-connected, diesel/hybrid power stations, sometimes termed a 'remote-grid'. Utility interest tends to emerge as market fragmentation decreases, system complexity increases and economies of scale become evident. A review of the domestic situation is a necessary adjunct to development of export strategies for Australian RAPS products. The two are inexorably linked, as is reflected in the format of this paper. (author)

  12. Power supplies for plasma torches (Paper No. CP 4)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Owing to the negative slope of the arc characteristics, the plasma torch requires a current regulated D.C. power supply for stable operation. The arc voltage depends upon the type of plasma gas and the type of operation. Transductor controlled or SCR regulated power supplies can be operated as constant current sources. This paper describes the selection criteria for power supplies for plasma torches for various applications, advantages of SCR regulated power supplies and the performance of the power supplies in operating condition. The details of 1 MW plasma torch power supply for uranium cutting are also given. (author)

  13. Conceptual design of a high-voltage compact bushing for application to future N-NBI systems of fusion reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ? Electron Field Emission occurs between large electrodes under vacuum (100 mA of e? at 450 kV). ? An Helium filling pressure of 30 mPa suppresses electron emission up to 950 kV. ? Electron suppression results from a field induced adsorption process which increases the metal work function. ? This process increases the atom binding energy in the nearby of the micro-tips. ? A new 1 MV Bushing concept based on this process is proposed. - Abstract: The energy of future neutral beam injector (NBI) heating systems of fusion power plants ranges from 1 to 2 MeV. They are based on powerful (several tens of MW) hydrogen negative ion electrostatic accelerators where electrodes are polarized by DC high-voltage. The beam line under vacuum is supplied by HV power supplies via a transmission line pressured under SF6 and a high voltage feedthrough called bushing. The paper presents results obtained over experimental campaigns dedicated to high voltage vacuum insulation for future NBI systems (ITER). It addresses the problematic of the electron field emission and the high voltage breakdown limit under vacuum between large electrode surfaces. The paper highlights the dependence of the electron emission (dark current) with the voltage and the background tank pressure: at low pressure (?1E?3 Pa in hydrogen), an important dark current of I ? 100 mA has been measured at 500 kV, while at higher pressure (?0.3 Pa in helium), the dark current has been nearly suppressed (less than 3 mA of dark current at 970 kV). The paper shows that a field induced gas adsorption process could occur on the emitting surfaces (cathode), and this process tends to lower the electron field emission current by increasing the work function of the electrode surface. The Fowler–Nordheim law applied to the measured dark current indicates about 70% of work function increase at 0.3 Pa in helium. Finally, a new high-voltage bushing concept relevant to the future NBI systems is presented; it is based on these experimental findings in high voltage vacuum insulation; the main feature of the new bushing concept is to take benefit of the field induced adsorption effect, i.e., the suppression of the dark current with helium gas, in the inner part of the bushing where the electric field intensity is highest.

  14. Power Supplies for High Energy Particle Accelerators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dey, Pranab Kumar

    2015-05-01

    The on-going research and the development projects with Large Hadron Collider at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland has generated enormous enthusiasm and interest amongst all to know about the ultimate findings on `God's Particle'. This paper has made an attempt to unfold the power supply requirements and the methodology adopted to provide the stringent demand of such high energy particle accelerators during the initial stages of the search for the ultimate particles. An attempt has also been made to highlight the present status on the requirement of power supplies in some high energy accelerators with a view that, precautionary measures can be drawn during design and development from earlier experience which will be of help for the proposed third generation synchrotron to be installed in India at a huge cost.

  15. Supercapacitor Implementation on an Uninterruptible Power Supply

    OpenAIRE

    Sjöberg, Anders

    2014-01-01

    The capacity of supercapacitors has risen to levels which makes it feasible to use them as energy reserves in applications that are dominated by battery-type energy reserves to improve cycling charge and discharge lifetime. This thesis explores the possibility to use supercapacitors as the main backup energy reserve for uninterruptible power supplies. Different types of UPS topologies and characteristics are reviewed followed by an overview of the supercapacitor. The modifications needed ...

  16. Control of Distributed Uninterruptible Power Supply Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Guerrero, Josep M.; Hang, Lijun; Uceda Antolín, Javier

    2008-01-01

    In the last years, the use of distributed uninterruptible power supply (UPS) systems has been growing into the market, becoming an alternative to large conventional UPS systems. In addition, with the increasing interest in renewable energy integration and distributed generation, distributed UPS systems can be a suitable solution for storage energy in micro grids. This paper depicts the most important control schemes for the parallel operation of UPS systems. Active load-sharing techniques and...

  17. Cost unit accounting for power supply companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cost unit accounting was introduced to the power supply company Energie-Versorgung Schwaben AG (EVS) in the Seventies. The initial method of peak load proportioning was later modified to the so-called VDEW method and further improved in consecutive steps through specific measurements. Here EVS focussed particularly on collecting data in the separate-contract sector. The authors describe the procedure adopted and results obtained. (orig.)

  18. International experiences with power supply crises

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many so-called deregulated power markets experience a hardened energy and power balance and some have had supply crises. This report discusses the crises, their impacts and their causes as well as the measures taken by the authorities to solve the crises. It also considers the similarities or dissimilarities with respect to the situation in Norway the winter 2002/2003. Like Norway, many of the countries have a considerable share of hydroelectric power. It is found, however, that the dependence on water of its own is not the reason for the crises, but that the inflow conditions give the market greater challenges. Furthermore, the Norwegian market has greater flexibility in the consumption, greater import capacity, better price security possibilities and less problems with market power than most of the countries here considered. Various factors influence a country's power consumption and production capacity. Economic growth and the availability of inexpensive power contribute to accelerate the consumption, while predictable external conditions and sufficient expected investment earnings are necessary to achieve an increase of the capacity - both through new investments and attendance to existing capacity. In a smooth power market there must be a certain correspondence between consumption and installed capacity, and the capacity must be such that it can cover the continuous demand for power and at the same time be flexible enough to deliver power at peak loads. This is also true of the transmission capacity. In addition, some extra capacity must be available for unexpected events. The basic problem is, in any power market, that the consumption may rise fast, while the investments in new capacity typically occurs in leaps, with long and costly construction phases. Many countries have lately experienced a hardening of the balance between consumption and capacity and so have been vulnerable to unexpected increases in consumption or resource failure. This was also the case with the Norwegian/Nordic market the winter 2002/2003, when the autumn rain failed to come and the winter came early and was unusually cold. The subject of this report is deregulated power markets outside of the Nordic countries, where the supply security is a serious problem or has been such. The report aims to: (1) Give an account of the course of events, the causes, the impacts and the measures taken to handle the crises, and (2) Analyze similarities and dissimilarities with respect to the situation in Norway. Information about the causes of supply crises and their impacts in other countries may help to create a better basis for the Norwegian authorities to make decisions about measures to secure a robust power market in Norway.

  19. Efficiency Optimization by Considering the High Voltage Flyback Transformer Parasitics using an Automatic Winding Layout Technique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thummala, Prasanth; Schneider, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an efficiency optimization approach for a high voltage bidirectional flyback dc-dc converter.The main goal is to optimize the converter for driving a capacitive actuator, which must be charged and discharged from 0 V to2.5 kV dc and vice versa,supplied from a24 Vdc supply.The energy efficiency is optimized using a proposed new automatic winding layout (AWL) technique and a comprehensive loss model.The AWL technique generates a large number of transformer winding layouts.The transformer parasitics such as dc resistance, leakage inductance and self-capacitance are calculated for each winding layout.An optimization technique is formulated to minimize the sum of energy losses during charge and discharge operations.The efficiency and energy loss distribution results from the optimization routine provide a deep insight into the high voltage transformer designand its impact on the total converter efficiency.The proposed efficiency optimization approach is experimentally verified on a25 W (averagecharging power) with100 W (peakpower) flyback dc-dc prototype.

  20. Pulse electric power compensation for accelerator power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some synchrotron accelerators are excited by pulse operation. Especially, power supply for the large-scale accelerator magnets, such as J-PARC, draws a large amount of power from the utility network. Such large pulse power will give un-allowed disturbances to the connected ac power system. Energy storage system, such as a SMES system, will be required for compensating the pulse electric power and reducing the disturbances. A SMES system is also expected to protect the instantaneous voltage drop and the load levelling so far. Load levelling is essential to reduce the running cost of medical use accelerators. Present status of R and D for SMES and other energy storage systems is presented. An application example for an accelerator power supply is also discussed. (author)

  1. Thermal power in the Swedish energy supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A survey is presented of the part played by thermal power plants including nuclear plants in the Swedish electric power supply system. The Swedish and Norwegian situations are compared. The background for the present structure is outlined and the optimisation of electricity production is briefly discussed. The Nordic grid is presented and the strategy and charges discussed. The prognosis for the development in Sweden is presented with a brief discussion of the influence of industrial development. Finally the responsibility of the politicians for the continued development is discussed. (JIW)

  2. The commercial development of water repellent coatings for high voltage transmission lines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hunter, S. R. [ORNL; Daniel, A. [Southwire Company

    2013-10-31

    The purpose of the Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between UT-Battelle, LLC and Southwire Company was to jointly develop a low cost, commercially viable, water-repellant anti-icing coating system for high voltage transmission lines. Icing of power lines and other structures caused by freezing rain events occurs annually in the United States, and leads to severe and prolonged power outages. These outages cause untold economic and personal distress for many American families and businesses. Researchers at the Department of Energy?s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee have previously developed a set of superhydrophobic coatings with remarkable anti-icing properties that could potentially be sprayed or painted onto high-tension power lines and pylons. These coatings drastically reduce ice accumulation on these structures during freezing rain events. The project involved obtaining technical input, supplies and test high voltage cables from Southwire, along with the joint development of anti-icing coating techniques, which would result in a commercial license agreement between Southwire and ORNL, and potentially other companies requiring water repellent anti-icing coatings.

  3. The commercial development of water repellent coatings for high voltage transmission lines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hunter, Scott Robert [ORNL

    2013-10-01

    The purpose of the Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between UT-Battelle, LLC and Southwire Company was to jointly develop a low cost, commercially viable, water-repellant anti-icing coating system for high voltage transmission lines. Icing of power lines and other structures caused by freezing rain events occurs annually in the United States, and leads to severe and prolonged power outages. These outages cause untold economic and personal distress for many American families and businesses. Researchers at the Department of Energy s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee have previously developed a set of superhydrophobic coatings with remarkable anti-icing properties that could potentially be sprayed or painted onto high-tension power lines and pylons. These coatings drastically reduce ice accumulation on these structures during freezing rain events. The project involved obtaining technical input, supplies and test high voltage cables from Southwire, along with the joint development of anti-icing coating techniques, which would result in a commercial license agreement between Southwire and ORNL, and potentially other companies requiring water repellent anti-icing coatings.

  4. Risk allocation in independent power supply contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Congress has made significant progress in recent months toward amending the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA). The purposes of such amendment are to broaden power supply options for electric utilities and expand competition in whole-sale power generation markets. PUHCA reform is an integral part of President Bush's National Energy Strategy and has been included in legislation pending in both Houses of Congress. Congress will, hopefully, approve energy legislation that includes PUHCA reform before it adjourns this year. PUHCA reform has, however, stimulated heated debate within the power industry itself as well as among various consumer interest groups. One important issue in the public debate concerns risk allocation. If PUHCA is reformed, will risk be allocated efficiently and equitably between independent power producers and electric utility buyers? This article addresses that important question

  5. Innovative Digitally Controlled Particle Accelerator Magnet Power Supply

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rasmus Ørndrup; Bidoggia, Benoit

    2013-01-01

    Particle accelerator magnet power supplies needs to be extremely precise. A new and innovative power supply for particle accelerator magnets is proposed. The topologies for the input and the output converter are shown and the control architecture is described.

  6. Integrated reconfigurable high-voltage transmitting circuit for CMUTs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Llimos Muntal, Pere; Larsen, Dennis Øland

    2015-01-01

    In this paper a high-voltage transmitting circuit aimed for capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs) used in scanners for medical applications is designed and implemented in a 0.35 ?m high-voltage CMOS process. The transmitting circuit is reconfigurable externally making it able to drive a wide variety of CMUTs. The transmitting circuit can generate several pulse shapes with voltages up to 100 V, maximum pulse range of 50 V, frequencies up to 5 MHz and different driving slew rates. Measurements are performed on the circuit in order to assess its functionality and power consumption performance. The design occupies an on-chip area of 0.938 mm2 and the power consumption of a 128-element transmitting circuit array that would be used in an portable ultrasound scanner is found to be a maximum of 181 mW.

  7. Development of high-power switching power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report the development of high power switching power supply to charge a PFN for klystron modulator which is used as RF source of the KEK electron/positron injector linac. This power supply has a maximum output voltage of 43 kV and the charging power of 30 kJ/s. It consists of two high frequency inverters, a high frequency transformer, and a diode bridge circuit, and series resonance circuits to charges the PFN. The output voltage stability is less than 0.2%p-p for 5% deviation of AC 420 V 3-phase input. Also interlock system for abnormal charging such as miss fire of thyratron. The continuous running test at a rated output power is performed at KEK. (author)

  8. New Simulation Method of New HV Power Supply for Industrial Microwave Generators with N=2 Magnetrons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. El Ghazal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This original work treats a new simulation method of a new type of high voltage power supply for microwave generators with N magnetrons (treated case: N=2 magnetrons, used as a source of energy in the industrial applications. This new power supply is composed of a single-phase HV transformer with magnetic leakage flow, supplying two parallel cells, which multiplies the voltage and stabilizes the current. The doubler supplies one magnetron. The transformer is presented by its p equivalent circuit. Each inductance of the model is characterized by its relation "flow-current". In this paper, we present a new approach validation of the p model of the special transformer using Matlab-Simulink code. The theoretical results compared with the experimental measurements, is in good agreement with them. The use of this tool Matlab-Simulink, has allowed us to confirm the possibility of the operation of this new system without interaction between magnetrons, with a view to a possible optimization which lead to reduce the weight, the volume and the cost of implementation while ensuring the process of regulating the current in each magnetron.

  9. Installation and Testing of SNS Magnet Power Supplies

    CERN Document Server

    Rust, Kenneth R; Cutler, Roy I; Dewan, Shashi; Holmes, Robert; Lambiase, Robert; Sandberg, Jon; Weaver, Joey T; Wong, Sam; Zeng, Jiaqi

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes the types and quantities of magnet power supplies required for the SNS Linear Accelerator, High-Energy Beam Transport (HEBT), Ring and the Ring-Target Beam Transport (RTBT). There are over 600 magnets and more than 550 magnet power supplies. These magnet power supplies range in size from the bipolar-corrector supplies rated at 35 volts, 20 amps to the main-ring dipole supply that is rated at 440 volts, 6000 amps. The Linac power supplies have a ripple/stability specification of 1000 parts per million while the ring supplies have a specification of 100 parts per million. There are also pulsed power supplies for beam injection and beam extraction. The paper will show acceptance test results from the manufacturers as well as test results performed by the SNS magnet power supply group.

  10. Large power supply facilities for fusion research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors had opportunities to manufacture and to operate two power supply facilities, that is, 125MVA computer controlled AC generator with a fly wheel for JIPP-T-2 stellerator in Institute of Plasma Physics, Nagoya University and 3MW trial superconductive homopolar DC generator to the Japan Society for Promotion of Machine Industry. The 125MVA fly-wheel generator can feed both 60MW (6kV x 10kA) DC power for toroidal coils and 20MW (0.5kV x 40kA) DC power for helical coils. The characteristic features are possibility of Bung-Bung control based on Pontrjagin's maximum principle, constant current control or constant voltage control for load coils, and cpu control for routine operation. The 3MW (150V-20000A) homopolar generator is the largest in the world as superconductive one, however, this capacity is not enough for nuclear fusion research. The problems of power supply facilities for large Tokamak devices are discussed

  11. Pollution Maintenance Techniques in Coastal High Voltage Installations

    OpenAIRE

    Pyrgioti, E.; I. Vitellas; Thalassinakis, E.; D. Pylarinos; K. Siderakis

    2011-01-01

    Pollution of outdoor high voltage insulators is a common problem for utilities, with a considerable impact to power system reliability. In an effort to prevent possible flashovers due to pollution, many methods have been applied, aiming to improve the insulation performance, either by suppressing the formation of surface conductivity or by increasing the possible insulation level. In the case of substations, the selection of the appropriate technique is complex due to certain issues correlate...

  12. Compact repetitive high voltage nanosecond pulse generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of nanosecond discharge plasma in many fields depends greatly on a compact repetitive high voltage nanosecond pulse generator. In this paper, a compact high voltage nanosecond pulse generator is presented, which is constructed with all-solid-state components. The pulse generator consists of DC module, insulated-gate bipolar transistors and its drivers, saturable pulse transformer and magnetic switch and so on. Simulation analysis and experimental investigation show that, the pulse generator can output pulsed voltage of 40 kV with duration about 100 ns and rise-time of 50 ns. Its highest repetitive frequency can be up to 5 kHz. (authors)

  13. High-voltage test and measuring techniques

    CERN Document Server

    Hauschild, Wolfgang

    2014-01-01

    It is the intent of this book to combine high-voltage (HV) engineering with HV testing technique and HV measuring technique. Based on long-term experience gained by the authors as lecturer and researcher as well as member in international organizations, such as IEC and CIGRE, the book will reflect the state of the art as well as the future trends in testing and diagnostics of HV equipment to ensure a reliable generation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy. The book is intended not only for experts but also for students in electrical engineering and high-voltage engineering.

  14. JINR DLNP Phasotron intellectual power supply and control system, realized on the basis of one high power supply source at different currents in electromagnetic lenses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The intellectual power supply and control system is presented for the group of the electromagnetic lenses in the Phasotron beam transport channel supplied from one power supply source. The intellectual power supply and control system is proposed to provide minimization of the power consumption at redistribution of the lenses currents between the main power supply and additional local regulation power supply sources

  15. Evolution of Very High Frequency Power Supplies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knott, Arnold; Andersen, Toke Meyer

    2013-01-01

    The ongoing demand for smaller and lighter power supplies is driving the motivation to increase the switching frequencies of power converters. Drastic increases however come along with new challenges, namely the increase of switching losses in all components. The application of power circuits used in radio frequency transmission equipment helps to overcome those. However those circuits were not designed to meet the same requirements as power converters. This paper summarizes the contributions in recent years in application of very high frequency (VHF) technologies in power electronics, shows results of the recent advances and describes the remaining challenges. The presented results include a self-oscillating gate-drive, air core inductor optimizations, an offline LED driver with a power density of 8.9 W/cm3 and a 120 MHz, 9 W DC powered LED driver with 89 % efficiency as well as a bidirectional VHF converter. The challenges to be solved before VHF converters can be used effectively in industrial products are within those three categories: components, circuit architectures and reliability testing.

  16. Young people's view of power generation and power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Asked about what they think are the most urgent political problems, the young people ranked unemployment and environmental pollution higher (80 pic) than the problems of energy generation and supply, which are in the third place together with peaceful policy and terrorism (55% priority for each). Young people's problem awareness in the energy sector rather concentrates on nuclear power generation and its hazards than on aspects of future energy supplies. In fact, currently only 38% of the young people expect any electricity supply shortages in the FRG, as compared to 47% in 1982. But as in 1982, seven per cent of the young people today assume that power consumption in the FRG will continue to rise. (orig.)

  17. New overhead lines are required for the land - and Europe. The new regulation of the TEN-E regulations and their consequences for the Germann planning law and licensing law for high-voltage power lines under special consideration of the regulations of the public relations; Neue Leitungen braucht das Land - und Europa. Die Neuregelung der TEN-E-Leitlinien und deren Konsequenzen fuer das deutsche Planungs- und Genehmigungsrecht fuer Hoechstspannungsleitungen unter besonderer Beruecksichtigung der Vorschriften ueber die Oeffentlichkeitsbeteiligung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schadtle, Kai [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer Rechtswissenschaft

    2013-05-15

    The German energy policy turnaround requires an optimization of the energy infrastructure. The energy policy objectives of the European Union with respect to competitiveness, security of supply and sustainability require a rapid expansion and transformation of the European energy infrastructure. Under this aspect, the author of the contribution under consideration reports on the revision of the TEN-E guidelines and their consequences for the German planning law and licensing law for high-voltage power lines with special consideration of the rules of the public relations. The national legal framework for the development of the German transmission system and the design of the new TEN-E guidelines for the trans-European network development are presented.

  18. High-voltage cable lead-in for pulse techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Problems of projection of high-voltage cable lead-ins used in particular in electroionization lasers with separately standing pulsed supply source are considered in the paper. It is shown that uniform voltage division along lead-in surface can be provided by means of electrolyte filling gaps between cable termination and bushing insulator. Results of voltage distribution calculation along lead-in surface depending on electrolyte column resistance and voltage pulse duration are given. It is noted that use of cable lead-ins with ohmic voltage divider decreases overvoltage level appearing during impedance mismatch of pulse voltage generator and discharge gap resistance

  19. Impact of Geomagnetically Induced Currents Secondary Event on the High-Voltage Synchronous Motors

    OpenAIRE

    Vera V. Vakhnina; Aleksey A. Kuvshinov

    2013-01-01

    It is justified that during geomagnetic storms the high voltage synchronous engines are being impacted by high current harmonics of even sequences powered by power transformer due to geo-induced high voltage currents flowed through the windings. Equivalent circuits of step down substation and HV synchronous motors are made for making it possible to consider a saturation of power transformer magnetic system and higher current harmonics availability in stator windings. Analytic expressions for ...

  20. Simple power supply for power load controlled isoelectric focusing.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Duša, Filip; Šlais, Karel

    2014-01-01

    Ro?. 35, ?. 8 (2014), s. 1114-1117. ISSN 0173-0835 R&D Projects: GA MV VG20102015023 Institutional support: RVO:68081715 Keywords : isoelectric focusing * power supply * voltage multiplier Subject RIV: CB - Analytical Chemistry, Separation Impact factor: 3.028, year: 2014 http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0231022

  1. Improving Electrical Efficiency of Edm Power Supply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toma, Emanoil; Simion, Carmen Mihaela

    2014-11-01

    This paper briefly presents the principal types of Pulse Generators for Electrical Discharge Machining and ways to improve electrical efficiency. A resonant converter with series-parallel LCC circuit, for EDM applications, was analyzed by PSpice simulation. The performances of EDM Power Supply were improved by adding an energy recovering - voltage limiter circuit. The shape of current pulse was changed by adding a supplementary MOSFET Switch in parallel with the gap. Two or more converters can be parallelized, in this way output current can be changed. A bloc-schema was conceived for EDM experimental set up

  2. Westinghouse programs in pulsed homopolar power supplies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litz, D. C.; Mullan, E.

    1984-11-01

    This document details Westinghouse's ongoing study of homopolar machines since 1929 with the major effort occurring in the early 1970's to the present. The effort has enabled Westinghouse to develop expertise in the technology required for the design, fabrication and testing of such machines. This includes electrical design, electromagnetic analysis, current collection, mechanical design, advanced cooling, stress analysis, transient rotor performance, bearing analysis and seal technology. Westinghouse is using this capability to explore the use of homopolar machines as pulsed power supplies for future systems in both military and commercial applications.

  3. Precision power supply system of the LEPTA group magnetic elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An individual power supply source is usually used for each group of the identical magnetic elements in the accelerators of charged particles. We discuss the power supply and control system on the basis of additional current shunts applied for simultaneous supply of several groups of magnets in the positron storage ring LEPTA. Data on the use of the shunt of the linear and key converter are provided. The option of the device of a power supply system with transformation of the recuperated energy in the storage battery and supply from it of the precision power supply sources of the correcting magnets of LEPTA is considered. The channel of individual digital transformation of power supply system elements is given which allows one to build together with a reverse precision converter effective intellectual balanced power supply systems

  4. Clipper circuit of pulse modulator used for klystron-5045 power supply

    CERN Document Server

    Akimov, A V

    2001-01-01

    While the operation of modulator to the pulsed transformer of klystron-5045, current through the primary winding of the pulse transformer (PT) continues to flow even upon the end of the klystron voltage operating pulse. This is determined by an energy stored in magnetizing inductance. The prolongation of magnetizing current passing process simultaneously with the premature choking of thyratron can cause high voltage of inverse polarity at the klystron, which cause the destruction of the cathode. We have considered the possibility of shortening time of magnetizing current passage for the charge of reasonable choice of clipper circuit parameters. The behavior of clipper circuit was studied in modulators used for the VEPP-5 (BINP, Russia) preinjector klystron power supply. The optimum operation run of the circuit was selected and its design features are described.

  5. An Inexpensive Source of High Voltage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saraiva, Carlos

    2012-01-01

    As a physics teacher I like recycling old apparatus and using them for demonstrations in my classes. In physics laboratories in schools, sources of high voltage include induction coils or electronic systems that can be bought from companies that sell lab equipment. But these sources can be very expensive. In this article, I will explain how you…

  6. SNS AC Power Distribution and Reliability of AC Power Supply

    CERN Document Server

    Holik, Paul S

    2005-01-01

    The SNS Project has 45MW of installed power. A design description under the Construction Design and Maintenance (CDM) with regard to regulations (OSHA, NFPA, NEC), reliability issues and maintenance of the AC power distribution system are herewith presented. The SNS Project has 45MW of installed power. The Accelerator Systems are Front End (FE)and LINAC KLYSTRON Building (LK), Central Helium Liquefier (CHL), High Energy Beam Transport (HEBT), Accumulator Ring and Ring to Target Beam Transport (RTBT) Support Buildings have 30MW installed power. FELK has 16MW installed, majority of which is klystron and magnet power supply system. CHL, supporting the super conducting portion of the accelerator has 7MW installed power and the RING Systems (HEBT, RING and RTBT) have also 7MW installed power.*

  7. Integrated Reconfigurable High-Voltage Transmitting Circuit for CMUTs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Llimos Muntal, Pere; Larsen, Dennis Øland

    2014-01-01

    In this paper a full high-voltage transmitting cir- cuit aimed for capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs) used in ultrasound medical applications is designed and implemented in a 0.35 ?m high-voltage CMOS process. The CMUT is single-ended driven. The design is taped-out and measurements are performed on the integrated circuit. The transmitting circuit is reconfigurable externally making it able to drive a wide variety of CMUTs. The transmitting circuit can generate several pulse shapes, pulse voltages up to 100 V, maximum pulse range of 50 V and frequencies up to 5 MHz. The area occupied by the design is 0.938 mm 2 and the maximum power consumption is 187.7 mW.

  8. Integrated Differential High-Voltage Pulser Output Stage for CMUTs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Llimos Muntal, Pere

    2015-01-01

    In this paper an integrated differential high-voltage transmitting circuit for capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs) used in portable ultrasound scanners is designed and implemented in a 0.35 µm high-voltage process. Measurements are performed on the integrated circuit in order to assess its performance. The circuit generates pulses at differential voltage levels of 60 V, 80 V and 100 V, a frequency up to 5 MHz and a measured driving strength of 1.75 V/ns with the CMUT connected. The total on-chip area occupied by the transmitting circuit is 0.18 mm2 and the power consumption at the scanner operation conditions is 0.754 mW without the transducer load and 0.936 mW with it.

  9. Electric Power Supply Chain Management Addressing Climate Change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Xiao-Hui; Cong, Ronggang

    2012-01-01

    Supply chain management played a critical role in the electric power industrial chain optimization. The purpose of this paper was to review a sample of the literature relating to supply chain management and its possible applications in electricity power system, especially in the context of climate change. The study compared the difference between electric power supply chain management and traditional supply chain management. Furthermore, some possible research topics are addressed. The aim of th...

  10. DC power supplies power management and surge protection for power electronic systems

    CERN Document Server

    Kularatna, Nihal

    2011-01-01

    Modern electronic systems, particularly portable consumer electronic systems and processor based systems, are power hungry, compact, and feature packed. This book presents the most essential summaries of the theory behind DC-DC converter topologies of both linear and switching types. The text discusses power supply characteristics and design specifications based on new developments in power management techniques and modern semiconductors entering into the portable electronics market. The author also addresses off-the-line power supplies, digital control of power supply, power supply protection

  11. Optimal Design of DC to DC Boost Converter with Closed Loop Control PID Mechanism for High Voltage Photovoltaic Application

    OpenAIRE

    R. Arulmurugan; N. Suthanthira Vanitha

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes a new dc to dc boost converter using closed loop control proportional Integral and Derivative mechanism for photovoltaic (PV) standalone high voltage applications. The boost converter is composed of MOSFETs which are driven by closed loop PWM control. Many advantages including high efficiency, minimum number of switch, high voltage and power, low cost. This converter is attractive for high voltage and high power applications. The analysis and design considerations of the c...

  12. Optimal Design of DC to DC Boost Converter with Closed Loop Control PID Mechanism for High Voltage Photovoltaic Application

    OpenAIRE

    R. Arulmurugan; N. Suthanthira Vanitha

    2013-01-01

    This paper proposes a new dc to dc boost converter using closed loop control proportional Integral and Derivative mechanism for photovoltaic (PV) standalone high voltage applications. The boost converter is composed of MOSFETs which are driven by closed loop PWM control. Many advantages including high efficiency, minimum number of switch, high voltage and power, low cost. This converter is attractive for high voltage and high power applications. The analysis and design considerations of the c...

  13. Parallel connection of high-power DC/DC power supply based on IGBT device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parallel connection technique of DC/DC power supplies is adopted, and DC high-power supply is designed based on IGBT device, which can be used as the plasma displacement fast control power supply for EAST device. Based on the simulation and experiment, satisfactory dynamic and static performance of the DC/DC power supply was obtained. (authors)

  14. Photovoltaic Power Supply for an Airliner Wireless Sensor Network

    OpenAIRE

    Durand-Estèbe, Paul; Boitier, Vincent; Bafleur, Marise; Dilhac, Jean-Marie; Berhouet, S.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an autonomous, battery-free power supply which captures, manages and stores energy using photovoltaic cells and supercapacitors to supply pressure sensors belt on top of an airliner's wing.

  15. A Comparison of High-Voltage Switches

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, K.W.; Scott, G.L.

    1999-02-01

    This report summarizes our work on high-voltage switches during the past few years. With joint funding from the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Department of Defense (DOD), we tested a wide variety of switches to a common standard. This approach permitted meaningful comparisons between disparate switches. Most switches were purchased from commercial sources, though some were experimental devices. For the purposes of this report, we divided the switches into three generic types (gas, vacuum, and semiconductor) and selected data that best illustrates important strengths and weaknesses of each switch type. Test techniques that indicate the state of health of the switches are emphasized. For example, a good indicator of residual gas in a vacuum switch is the systematic variation of the switching delay in response to changes in temperature and/or operating conditions. We believe that the presentation of this kind of information will help engineers to select and to test switches for their particular applications. Our work was limited to switches capable of driving slappers. Also known as exploding-foil initiators, slappers are detonators that initiate a secondary explosive by direct impact with a small piece of matter moving at the detonation velocity (several thousands of meters per second). A slapper is desirable for enhanced safety (no primary explosive), but it also places extra demands on the capacitor-discharge circuit to deliver a fast-rising current pulse (greater than 10 A/ns) of several thousand amperes. The required energy is substantially less than one joule; but this energy is delivered in less than one microsecond, taking the peak power into the megawatt regime. In our study, the switches operated in the 1 kV to 3 kV range and were physically small, roughly 1 cm{sup 3} or less. Although a fuze functions only once in actual use, multiple-shot capability is important for production testing and for research work. For this reason, we restricted this report to multiple-shot switches. Furthermore, our work included only switches with submicrosecond timing precision, thereby excluding mechanical switches.

  16. MST's Programmable Power Supplies: Results and Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holly, D. J.; Chapman, B. E.; McCollam, K. J.; Morin, J. C.; Thomas, M. A.

    2011-10-01

    Programmable power supplies for the toroidal field (BT PPS, recently commissioned) and poloidal field (BP PPS, now being designed) will maximize MST's inductive capabilities. The BT PPS gives unprecedented control of MST's toroidal field, and has already produced several key results. For example, it has provided routine reduction of the dominant magnetic fluctuations via inductive current profile control, and it has allowed the first production of tokamak plasmas in MST. These results have been somewhat limited, however, by the present passive control of the poloidal field. The planned BP PPS will augment tremendously MST's inductive control flexibility, and it will maximize MST's plasma current and pulse length. This supply will use IGBT H-bridge modules similar to those in the BT PPS. Groups of three 900-V modules in series will be combined to drive about + / - 80 kA at + / - 2.5 kV into the existing poloidal field transformer, connected at 10:1. The series-triplet topology allows control using seven-level Pulse Width modulation, which provides reduced ripple, noise, and IGBT switching losses. Work supported by U. S. D. O. E.

  17. High-voltage-compatible, fully depleted CCDs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holland, Stephen E.; Bebek, Chris J.; Dawson, Kyle S.; Emes, JohnE.; Fabricius, Max H.; Fairfield, Jessaym A.; Groom, Don E.; Karcher, A.; Kolbe, William F.; Palaio, Nick P.; Roe, Natalie A.; Wang, Guobin

    2006-05-15

    We describe charge-coupled device (CCD) developmentactivities at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL).Back-illuminated CCDs fabricated on 200-300 mu m thick, fully depleted,high-resistivity silicon substrates are produced in partnership with acommercial CCD foundry.The CCDs are fully depleted by the application ofa substrate bias voltage. Spatial resolution considerations requireoperation of thick, fully depleted CCDs at high substrate bias voltages.We have developed CCDs that are compatible with substrate bias voltagesof at least 200V. This improves spatial resolution for a given thickness,and allows for full depletion of thicker CCDs than previously considered.We have demonstrated full depletion of 650-675 mu m thick CCDs, withpotential applications in direct x-ray detection. In this work we discussthe issues related to high-voltage operation of fully depleted CCDs, aswell as experimental results on high-voltage-compatible CCDs.

  18. High voltage capacitors for low background experiments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Shaughnessy, C. [Max-Planck Institut fuer Physik, Munich (Germany); University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Andreotti, E.; Hult, M. [Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Geel (Belgium); Budjas, D.; Schoenert, S. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Physik Department and Excellence Cluster Universe, Garching (Germany); Caldwell, A.; Majorovits, B. [Max-Planck Institut fuer Physik, Munich (Germany); Gangapshev, A. [Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Max-Planck Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Gusev, K. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Physik Department and Excellence Cluster Universe, Garching (Germany); Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Lubashevskiy, A.; Smolnikov, A. [Max-Planck Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany)

    2013-05-15

    Low background experiments place stringent constraints on amount of radioactive impurities in the materials used for their assembly. Often these are in conflict with the constraints placed on the materials by their roles in the experiment. This is especially true for certain electronic components. A high value, high voltage capacitor for use in low background experiments has been developed from specially selected radiopure materials. Electroformed copper foils are separated by polyethylene napthalate (PEN) foils and supported within a PTFE teflon spiral coil tube. The electrical performance as well as radiopurity are scrutinized here. With some minor modifications to tune the performance for the application, this capacitor can be well suited for a variety of applications in low background experiments. Here the use of the capacitor for high voltage (HV) decoupling in the operation of high purity germanium (HPGe) detectors is demonstrated. (orig.)

  19. Feasibility of high-voltage systems for a very long drift in liquid argon TPCs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horikawa, S; Badertscher, A; Kaufmann, L; Laffranchi, M; Marchionni, A; Natterer, G; Rubbia, A; Messina, M, E-mail: Sosuke.Horikawa@cern.ch [ETH Zurich, Institute for Particle Physics, CH-8093 Zuerich (Switzerland)

    2011-07-25

    Designs of high-voltage (HV) systems for creating a drift electric field in liquid argon TPCs are reviewed. In ongoing experiments systems capable of {approx}100 kV are realised for a drift field of 0.5-1 kV/cm over a length of up to 1.5 m. Two of them having different approaches are presented: the ICARUS-T600 detector having a system consisting of an external power supply, HV feedthroughs and resistive voltage degraders and the ArDM-1t detector having a cryogenic Greinacher HV multiplier inside the liquid argon volume. For a giant scale liquid argon TPC, a system providing 2 MV may be required to attain a drift length of {approx} 20 m. Feasibility of such a system is evaluated by extrapolating the existing designs.

  20. Feasibility of high-voltage systems for a very long drift in liquid argon TPCs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horikawa, S.; Badertscher, A.; Kaufmann, L.; Laffranchi, M.; Marchionni, A.; Messina, M.; Natterer, G.; Rubbia, A.

    2011-07-01

    Designs of high-voltage (HV) systems for creating a drift electric field in liquid argon TPCs are reviewed. In ongoing experiments systems capable of ~100 kV are realised for a drift field of 0.5-1 kV/cm over a length of up to 1.5 m. Two of them having different approaches are presented: the ICARUS-T600 detector having a system consisting of an external power supply, HV feedthroughs and resistive voltage degraders and the ArDM-1t detector having a cryogenic Greinacher HV multiplier inside the liquid argon volume. For a giant scale liquid argon TPC, a system providing 2 MV may be required to attain a drift length of ~ 20 m. Feasibility of such a system is evaluated by extrapolating the existing designs.

  1. Feasibility of high-voltage systems for a very long drift in liquid argon TPCs

    CERN Document Server

    Horikawa, S; Kaufmann, L; Laffranchi, M; Marchionni, A; Messina, M; Natterer, G; Rubbia, A

    2010-01-01

    Designs of high-voltage (HV) systems for creating a drift electric field in liquid argon TPCs are reviewed. In ongoing experiments systems capable of approx. 100 kV are realised for a drift field of 0.5-1 kV/cm over a length of up to 1.5 m. Two of them having different approaches are presented: (1) the ICARUS-T600 detector having a system consisting of an external power supply, HV feedthroughs and resistive voltage degraders and (2) the ArDM-1t detector having a cryogenic Greinacher HV multiplier inside the liquid argon volume. For a giant scale liquid argon TPC, a system providing 2 MV may be required to attain a drift length of approx. 20 m. Feasibility of such a system is evaluated by extrapolating the existing designs.

  2. Feasibility of high-voltage systems for a very long drift in liquid argon TPCs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Designs of high-voltage (HV) systems for creating a drift electric field in liquid argon TPCs are reviewed. In ongoing experiments systems capable of ?100 kV are realised for a drift field of 0.5-1 kV/cm over a length of up to 1.5 m. Two of them having different approaches are presented: the ICARUS-T600 detector having a system consisting of an external power supply, HV feedthroughs and resistive voltage degraders and the ArDM-1t detector having a cryogenic Greinacher HV multiplier inside the liquid argon volume. For a giant scale liquid argon TPC, a system providing 2 MV may be required to attain a drift length of ? 20 m. Feasibility of such a system is evaluated by extrapolating the existing designs.

  3. Modeling of long High Voltage AC Underground

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudmundsdottir, Unnur Stella; Bak, Claus Leth; Wiechowski, W. T.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the work and findings of a PhD project focused on accurate high frequency modelling of long High Voltage AC Underground cables. The project is cooperation between Aalborg University and Energinet.dk. The objective of the project is to investigate the accuracy of most up to date cable models, perform highly accurate field measurements for validating the model and identifying possible disadvantages of the cable model. Furthermore the project suggests and implements improvements...

  4. LIMIT SOLUTIONS OF EQUATIONS OF A DC HIGH-VOLTAGE CASCADE GENERATOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. O. Brzhezitsky

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In the paper the issue of calculating the high voltage cascade mode oscillator with a nonlinear load using the analytical method under different conditions of selection values of its components is presented. The peculiarity of the method of the study is that during multivariate calculations output parameters load generator remain unchanged. For high-voltage cascade direct current power found conditions under which can be significantly reduced high capacity capacitors cascade generator. The calculations show that acceptable for practical applications of high-voltage characteristics of cascade generators can be achieved with substantial reduction of the volume of their constituents, and thus substantial decline in their value.

  5. Electric Power Supply Chain Management Addressing Climate Change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Xiao-Hui; Cong, Ronggang

    2012-01-01

    Supply chain management played a critical role in the electric power industrial chain optimization. The purpose of this paper was to review a sample of the literature relating to supply chain management and its possible applications in electricity power system, especially in the context of climate change. The study compared the difference between electric power supply chain management and traditional supply chain management. Furthermore, some possible research topics are addressed. The aim of this paper was to promote the application of supply chain management in the China electricity sector optimizations and brought a change in the related government policy options.

  6. Power supply of remote and almost inaccessible settlements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surzhikova, O. A.

    2015-04-01

    Problems of power supply of remote and almost inaccessible settlements are analyzed. Variants of their connection to transmission lines and the use of diesel electric power stations are considered. It is suggested to revise the policy of power supply for consumers of this category based on the experience in implementation of nontraditional energy production technologies, namely, based on natural renewable resources.

  7. SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF EXTERNAL POWER SUPPLY OF RAILWAYS TRACTION SUBSTATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.V. Domansky

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A system analysis of external power supply circuits of railways traction substations over the period of 1993 through 2011 and power supply circuits projects up to 2016 in the market economy environment and under standard requirements of the power industry of Ukraine is conducted

  8. Principles for the establishment and rationalization of high voltage systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Danish Ministry of the Environment appointed a working group to clarify some principles on which the choice between overhead and underground electric cables could be based. It is a growing wish in the country that overhead cables should be avoided in urban areas and also a strong desire to preserve the countryside from them. Thus protected areas must not be used for this purpose. A specific assessment must be made whenever a major line is to be established where electricity supply, reliability, economy, aesthetic and environmental interests, and possible alternative solutions are taken into consideration. The document presents the group's report on the reconstruction of old and the construction of new high voltage networks dealing with the aspects of protecting the natural landscape and the technical opportunities for laying the cables underground at various voltage levels in addition to cost estimates. Emphasis is on high voltage systems of 50 kW and above. Currently it is 6-20 times more expensive to use underground 400 kW alternating cable connections and 4-6 times more to use underground 150/132 AC connections. Costs vary in accordance with different voltage levels, dependent on local conditions. The undergrounding of existing 60/50 kW overhead lines is much more expensive than continuous maintenance. It is agreed that electricity utilities and regional authorities should cooperate on management and long-term planning and in structuring a detailed prioritization of the changes of the existing high-voltage network and future extension. Principles for the basis of this prioritization are given in detail. (AB)

  9. Vulnerability Assessment of Electric Power Supply under Extreme Weather Conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Barben, Raphaël

    2010-01-01

    This thesis analyses and models the vulnerability of the electricity power supply under extreme weather conditions. The system under study is the electric supply system that includes major power plants to main load centers. Extreme weather conditions can cause common mode contingencies (CMCs) of overhead power lines, which endanger the security of electricity supply. Planning and operation of transmission systems are subject to N-1 criterion, which re...

  10. Sea water magnesium fuel cell power supply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahn, Robert; Mainert, Jan; Glaw, Fabian; Lang, K.-D.

    2015-08-01

    An environmentally friendly magnesium fuel cell system using seawater electrolyte and atmospheric oxygen was tested under practical considerations for use as maritime power supply. The hydrogen rate and therefore the power density of the system were increased by a factor of two by using hydrogen evolution cathodes with a gas separation membrane instead of submerged cathodes without gas separation. Commercial magnesium AZ31 rolled sheet anodes can be dissolved in seawater for hydrogen production, down to a thickness below 100 ?m thickness, resulting in hydrogen generation efficiency of the anode of over 80%. A practical specific energy/energy density of the alloy of more than 1200 Wh/kg/3000 Wh/l was achieved when coupled to a fuel cell with atmospheric air breathing cathode. The performance of several AZ31 alloy anodes was tested as well as the influence of temperature, electrolyte concentration and anode - cathode separation. The excess hydrogen produced by the magnesium hydrogen evolving cell, due to the negative difference effect, is proportional to the cell current in case of the AZ31 alloys, which simplifies system control considerably. Stable long-term operation of the system was demonstrated at low pressures which can be maintained in an open-seawater-submerged hydrogen generator.

  11. Power supply controlled for plasma torch generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The high density of energy furnished by thermal plasma is profited in a wide range of applications, such as those related with welding fusion, spray coating and at the present in waste destruction. The waste destruction by plasma is a very attractive process because the remaining products are formed by inert glassy grains and non-toxic gases. The main characteristics of thermal plasmas are presented in this work. Techniques based on power electronics are utilized to achieve a good performance in thermal plasma generation. This work shown the design and construction of three phase control system for electric supply of thermal plasma torch, with 250 kw of capacity, as a part of the project named 'Destruction of hazard wastes by thermal plasma' actually working in the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (ININ). The characteristics of thermal plasma and its generation are treated in the first chapter. The A C controllers by thyristors applied in three phase arrays are described in the chapter II, talking into account the power transformer, rectifiers bank and aliasing coil. The chapter III is dedicated in the design of the trigger module which controls the plasma current by varying the trigger angle of the SCR's; the protection and isolating unit are also presented in this chapter. The results and conclusions are discussed in chapter IV. (Author)

  12. Digitally Controlled High Availability Power Supply

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MacNair, David; /SLAC

    2009-05-07

    This paper will report on the test results of a prototype 1320 watt power module for a high availability power supply. The module will allow parallel operation for N+1 redundancy with hot swap capability. The two quadrant output of each module allows pairs of modules to provide a 4 quadrant (bipolar) operation. Each module employs a novel 4 FET buck regulator arranged in a bridge configuration. Each side of the bridge alternately conducts through a small saturable ferrite that limits the reverse current in the FET body diode during turn off. This allows hard switching of the FETs with low switching losses. The module is designed with over-rated components to provide high reliability and better then 97% efficiency at full load. The modules use a Microchip DSP for control, monitoring, and fault detection. The switching FETS are driven by PWM modules in the DSP at 60 KHz. A Dual CAN bus interface provides for low cost redundant control paths. The DSP will also provide current sharing between modules, synchronized switching, and soft start up for hot swapping. The input and output of each module have low resistance FETs to allow hot swapping and isolation of faulted units.

  13. A compact, high-voltage pulsed charging system based on an air-core pulse transformer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Tianyang; Chen, Dongqun; Liu, Jinliang; Liu, Chebo; Yin, Yi

    2015-09-01

    Charging systems of pulsed power generators on mobile platforms are expected to be compact and provide high pulsed power, high voltage output, and high repetition rate. In this paper, a high-voltage pulsed charging system with the aforementioned characteristics is introduced, which can be applied to charge a high-voltage load capacitor. The operating principle of the system and the technical details of the components in the system are described in this paper. The experimental results show that a 600 nF load capacitor can be charged to 60 kV at 10 Hz by the high-voltage pulsed charging system for a burst of 0.5 s. The weight and volume of the system are 60 kg and 600 × 500 × 380 mm3, respectively.

  14. A compact, high-voltage pulsed charging system based on an air-core pulse transformer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Tianyang; Chen, Dongqun; Liu, Jinliang; Liu, Chebo; Yin, Yi

    2015-09-01

    Charging systems of pulsed power generators on mobile platforms are expected to be compact and provide high pulsed power, high voltage output, and high repetition rate. In this paper, a high-voltage pulsed charging system with the aforementioned characteristics is introduced, which can be applied to charge a high-voltage load capacitor. The operating principle of the system and the technical details of the components in the system are described in this paper. The experimental results show that a 600 nF load capacitor can be charged to 60 kV at 10 Hz by the high-voltage pulsed charging system for a burst of 0.5 s. The weight and volume of the system are 60 kg and 600 × 500 × 380 mm(3), respectively. PMID:26429466

  15. Stabilized x-ray generator power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence analysis are very much adopted in laboratories to determine the type and structure of the constituent compounds in solid materials, chemical composition of materials, stress developed on metals etc. These experiments need X-ray beam of fixed intensity and wave length. This can only be achieved by X-ray generator having highly stabilized tube voltage and tube current. This paper describes how X-ray tube high voltage and electron beam current are stabilized. This paper also highlights generation of X-rays, diffractometry and X-ray fluorescence analysis and their wide applications. Principle of operation for stabilizing the X-ray tube voltage and current, different protection circuits adopted, special features of the mains H.V. transformer and H.T. tank are described in this report. (author)

  16. Conducted noise analysis and protection of 45 kJ/s, ±50 kV capacitor charging power supply when interfaced with repetitive Marx based pulse power system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naresh, P.; Patel, Ankur; Sharma, Archana

    2015-09-01

    Pulse power systems with highly dynamic loads like klystron, backward wave oscillator (BWO), and magnetron generate highly dynamic noise. This noise leads to frequent failure of controlled switches in the inverter stage of charging power supply. Designing a reliable and compatible power supply for pulse power applications is always a tricky job when charging rate is in multiples of 10 kJ/s. A ±50 kV and 45 kJ/s capacitor charging power supply based on 4th order LCLC resonant topology has been developed for a 10 Hz repetitive Marx based system. Conditions for load independent constant current and zero current switching (ZCS) are derived mathematically. Noise generated at load end due to dynamic load is tackled effectively and reduction in magnitude noise voltage is achieved by providing shielding between primary and secondary of high voltage high frequency transformer and with LCLC low pass filter. Shielding scales down the ratio between coupling capacitance (Cc) and the collector-emitter capacitance of insulated gate bi-polar transistor switch, which in turn reduces the common mode noise voltage magnitude. The proposed 4th order LCLC resonant network acts as a low pass filter for differential mode noise in the reverse direction (from load to source). Power supply has been tested repeatedly with 5 Hz repetition rate with repetitive Marx based system connected with BWO load working fine without failure of single switch in the inverter stage.

  17. Conducted noise analysis and protection of 45 kJ/s, ±50 kV capacitor charging power supply when interfaced with repetitive Marx based pulse power system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naresh, P; Patel, Ankur; Sharma, Archana

    2015-09-01

    Pulse power systems with highly dynamic loads like klystron, backward wave oscillator (BWO), and magnetron generate highly dynamic noise. This noise leads to frequent failure of controlled switches in the inverter stage of charging power supply. Designing a reliable and compatible power supply for pulse power applications is always a tricky job when charging rate is in multiples of 10 kJ/s. A ±50 kV and 45 kJ/s capacitor charging power supply based on 4th order LCLC resonant topology has been developed for a 10 Hz repetitive Marx based system. Conditions for load independent constant current and zero current switching (ZCS) are derived mathematically. Noise generated at load end due to dynamic load is tackled effectively and reduction in magnitude noise voltage is achieved by providing shielding between primary and secondary of high voltage high frequency transformer and with LCLC low pass filter. Shielding scales down the ratio between coupling capacitance (Cc) and the collector-emitter capacitance of insulated gate bi-polar transistor switch, which in turn reduces the common mode noise voltage magnitude. The proposed 4th order LCLC resonant network acts as a low pass filter for differential mode noise in the reverse direction (from load to source). Power supply has been tested repeatedly with 5 Hz repetition rate with repetitive Marx based system connected with BWO load working fine without failure of single switch in the inverter stage. PMID:26429461

  18. New true bipolar power supplies for booster horizontal steering coils

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Particle accelerators use horizontal and vertical steering of the beam to make minor changes in its path to keep it in the centre of the beam chamber. This paper describes the new true bipolar power supplies required to feed controlled current through horizontal steering coils put on the dipole magnets of the Indian booster synchrotron at RRCAT Indore. The new power supplies were required because the existing power supplies were not able to fulfil the requirements due to their topological limitations. After the new power supplies were put into operation, Booster beam current went up to 6 mA from 3 mA. (author)

  19. Employment within the power supply industry and the power supply related activities 2010; Sysselsatte i kraftnaeringen og kraftrelatert virksomhet 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thoen, Haavard

    2011-07-01

    The report's main objective is to investigate employment within the power supply industry and the power supply related activities. The report will describe the composition of employees in regard to sex, age and education. The power supply industry is defined in Statistics Norway's Standard Industrial Classification, as 'Production and distribution of electricity'. The group of companies related to power supply related activities employ similar persons in regard to education and occupation, typical to companies in the power supply industry. In the report, these two groups make up the power supply sector. In 2010 there were 18215 employees in the power supply sector. This constitutes an increase of nearly 12 per cent since 2004 and 1,7 per cent since 2008. The sex distribution of about 80 per cent men and 20 per cent women has been fairly stable since 2004. Compared to the private sector in general the power supply sector has a low share of women among its employees. In 2009 the level of education in the power supply sector was higher than for the private sector in general. Since 2004, the share of persons with higher education has increased from 27 to 33 per cent. Employees in the power supply sector are on an average older than the employees in the private sector. The employees have matured since 2004, but in the last few years, there have also been signs of fresh recruitment. The power supply industry had a net influx of 347 new employees, or 2 percent, in the period between 2009 and 2010. There were 1522 new employees and 1175 employees lost in the sector due to attrition, which gives a turnover rate of 20 percent. If we look at the supply of new employees who were also employed in 2009, 19 percent of female employees worked in temporary staff recruitment agencies. This indicates that temporary work was an entry gate to the power supply industry for many women. Among men, the building- and construction sector was the most common background for new employees in the power supply industry. Among people who quit their job in the power supply industry between 2009 and 2010, 49 percent did not work in 2010. Among those who were employed in 2010, public administration was the biggest receiver of former employees in the power supply industry, both in total and among men. Among women, education was the biggest receiver of former employees in the power supply industry.(Author)

  20. On-line Monitoring System based on Vibration Signal of High Voltage Circuit Breaker

    OpenAIRE

    Chao Fu; Jing Hao

    2014-01-01

    High voltage circuit breaker is one of the most important switch apparatus in electrical power system. It play a role in the switch control, which can be used to switch the operating mode during normal operation (the equipment run or quit). In order to ensure the normal operation of the grid, it can be removed quickly when a malfunction on the device or circuit. Real-time online monitoring of high voltage circuit breaker can understand the running status, master the operation characteristics ...

  1. Plasma characteristics of argon glow discharge produced by AC power supply operating at low frequencies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kongpiboolkid, Watcharapon; Mongkolnavin, Rattachat [Department of Physics, Facuty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok (Thailand); Plasma Technology and Nuclear Fusion Research Unit, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok (Thailand)

    2015-04-24

    Non-thermal properties of Argon glow discharge operating with various operating pressures were measured and presented in this work. The Argon plasma is produced by a parallel conducting electrodes coupling with a high voltage AC power supply. The power supply can generate high AC voltage at various frequencies. The frequencies for the operation are in the range of a few kHz. The system is capable of generating electric field between the two metal electrodes discharge system. The characteristics of plasma produced were measured by optical emission spectroscopy (OES) technique where electron temperature (T{sub e}) and electron number density (n{sub e}) can be determined by line intensity ratio method. The value of electron number density was then determined from the Saha-Eggert equation. Our results show that the electron number density of the discharge obtained is of the order of 10{sup ?17} ? 10{sup ?18} m{sup ?3} where the electron temperature is between 1.00?2.00 eV for various operating frequencies used which are in good agreement with similar results published earlier.

  2. Plasma characteristics of argon glow discharge produced by AC power supply operating at low frequencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Non-thermal properties of Argon glow discharge operating with various operating pressures were measured and presented in this work. The Argon plasma is produced by a parallel conducting electrodes coupling with a high voltage AC power supply. The power supply can generate high AC voltage at various frequencies. The frequencies for the operation are in the range of a few kHz. The system is capable of generating electric field between the two metal electrodes discharge system. The characteristics of plasma produced were measured by optical emission spectroscopy (OES) technique where electron temperature (Te) and electron number density (ne) can be determined by line intensity ratio method. The value of electron number density was then determined from the Saha-Eggert equation. Our results show that the electron number density of the discharge obtained is of the order of 10?17 ? 10?18 m?3 where the electron temperature is between 1.00?2.00 eV for various operating frequencies used which are in good agreement with similar results published earlier

  3. Triple resonance high voltage pulse transformer circuit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author reports on a triple-resonance circuit devised for improving the efficiency of producing high voltage pulses by the MEDEA II accelerator. This circuit modifies the well-known dual-resonance circuit by introducing an intermediate capacitor between the pulse transformer and the load capacitor. Complete transfer of energy (except for dissipation) is achieved when the normal mode frequencies of the coupled circuit are in the ratios of certain whole numbers. In the simplest case, the normal-mode frequencies are in the ratios 1:2:3. In this case, the ratio of the peak transformer voltage to the peak output voltage is reduced to 0.36

  4. VEGETABLE OILS FOR HIGH VOLTAGE INSULATION BY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezechukwu O. A

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the findings of the study of the possibility of using some vegetable oils as high voltage insulation materials. Samples of palm oil (elaeis  guineensis, palm kernel oil (elaeis  guineensis, coconut oil (cocos nucifera, groundnut oil(Arachis hypogea and local pear oil(dacryodes  edulis were obtained from Ekwulobia town, processed and tested. The results obtained showed exciting performance for palm oil, palm kernel oil and groundnut oil. Investigation on the dielectric strength of local pear oil (dacryodes eduli is inconclusive because the sample collected was not sufficient for the tests.

  5. Maintenance Optimization of High Voltage Substation Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Gala

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The real system from practice is selected for optimization purpose in this paper. We describe the real scheme of a high voltage (HV substation in different work states. Model scheme of the HV substation 22 kV is demonstrated within the paper. The scheme serves as input model scheme for the maintenance optimization. The input reliability and cost parameters of all components are given: the preventive and corrective maintenance costs, the actual maintenance period (being optimized, the failure rate and mean time to repair - MTTR.

  6. Loss Reduction on Adoption of High Voltage LT Less Distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiwari, Deepika; Adhikari, Nikhileshwar Prasad; Gupta, Amit; Bajpai, Santosh Kumar

    2015-03-01

    In India there is a need to improve the quality of the electricity distribution process which has increased varying from year to year. In distribution networks, the limiting factor to load carrying capacity is generally the voltage reduction. High voltage distribution system (HVDS) is one of the steps to reduce line losses in electrical distribution network. It helps to reduce the length of low tension (LT) lines and makes the power available close to the users. The high voltage power distribution system reduces the probability of power theft by hooking HVDS suggests an increase in installation of small capacity single-phase transformers in the network which again save considerable energy. This paper is compared to existing conventional low tension distribution network with HVDS. The paper gives a clear picture of reduction in distribution losses with adoption of HVDS system. Losses Reduction of 11 kV Feeder in Nuniya (India) with adoption of HVDS have been worked out/ quantified and benefits thereby in generating capacity have discussed.

  7. Power supply provisions for instrumentation and control equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Instrumentation and Control systems - one may consider these installations as the nerve system and the brain of a nuclear power plant. According to their supreme importance, power supply for these systems has to be of the highest standard to be found in the plant. In short, I and C power supply systems in nuclear power plants are designed to assure a safe and noninterruptive power supply to I and C equipment under all design basis conditions. The concept as presented here is applied in the KWU 1300 MW PWR plants that are currently being planned or under construction. (orig./RW)

  8. Economics of PV power supply for Libyan remote areas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electrical power supplies of remote and isolated areas has been and is still an issue for electric power companies worldwide. Usually there are three ways of supplying these remote areas mainly, the general grid, the Diesel generators, and photovoltaic power supply. The use of one of these systems instead of the other depend, on the availability, reliability, and cost. There are some isolated areas, which can t be supplied from the general grid as they are far away from it and economically not visible, so the electric power is needed of such isolated areas will be supplied either by Diesel generators or photovoltaics. The use of diesel generator demands a constant fuel supply, and maintenance staff, which also may not be available in small villages. Therefore the PV generators in such cases are considered an ideal solution of supplying these areas. In Libya, a national program has been started to supply small villages and other loads in remote and isolated areas, with electricity using PV power supply. This paper presents an economical comparison between the two different alternatives of electric supply systems to be used in remote areas: Diesel generators and PV systems. (Author)

  9. Transforming PC Power Supplies into Smart Car Battery Conditioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez-Ascariz, J. M.; Boquete-Vazquez, L.

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a laboratory project consisting of a PC power supply modification into an intelligent car-battery conditioner with both wireless and wired networking capabilities. Adding a microcontroller to an average PC power supply transforms it into a flexible, intelligent device that can be configured and that is suitable to keep car…

  10. Dipole power supply for National Synchrotron Light Source Booster upgrade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The booster at the NSLS is being upgraded from .75 to 2 pulses per second. To accomplish this, new power supplies for the dipole, quadrupole, and sextupole magnets have been designed and are being constructed. This paper will outline the design of the dipole power supply and control system, and will present results obtained thus far

  11. Application of MATLAB in testing digital power supply controllers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on introducing MATLAB SISOTOOL in MATLAB control box and the magnet power supply system in detail, this paper presented the application of MATLAB SISOTOOL in Testing Digital Power Supply controllers. This control tool should be popularized because of its characteristics of convenience and easy-to-use. (authors)

  12. Grid Connected Power Supplies for Particle Accelerator Magnets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rasmus Ørndrup

    2015-01-01

    Power supplies play a large role in particle accelerators, for creating, accelerating, steering and shaping the beam. This thesis covers the power supplies for steering and shaping the beam, namely the magnet power supplies. These power supplies have a special set of requirements regarding output current stability and accuracy, typically allowed drift over 8 hours is down to 10 parts per million of the maximum output current. Several topologies are discussed and compared for different power ranges. Hereafter a topology is proposed. A converter based on this topology is constructed using a single power module on the grid side of the transformer, consisting of a boost rectifier and a dual half-bridge isolated DC/DC converter. It is shown that it is possible to create a power supply using a single module and that this approach can lead to improved layout and smaller converter size. A high efficiency converter based on Silicon Carbide switching devices is also presented exhibiting above 96 % efficiency for the entire power range. Finally reliability issues are considered as the reliability of a particle accelerator supply is of utmost importance. Particle accelerators requires large up time and many power supplies, magnets etc. must function in parallel for the particle accelerator to operate. A method for increasing the reliability of the proposed converter is shown. This is done by creating a lifetime model for the power module converter together with a mission profile.

  13. Improved modeling of new three-phase high voltage transformer with magnetic shunts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chraygane M.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This original paper deals with a new approach for the study of behavior in nonlinear regime of a new three-phase high voltage power supply for magnetrons, used for the microwave generators in industrial applications. The design of this system is composed of a new three-phase leakage flux transformer supplying by phase a cell, composed of a capacitor and a diode, which multiplies the voltage and stabilizes the current. Each cell. in turn, supplies a single magnetron. An equivalent model of this transformer is developed taking into account the saturation phenomenon and the stabilization process of each magnetron. Each inductance of the model is characterized by a non linear relation between flux and current. This model was tested by EMTP software near the nominal state. The theoretical results were compared to experimental measurements with a good agreement. Relative to the current device, the new systemprovides gains of size, volume, cost of implementation and maintenance which make it more economical.

  14. TRACKING TESTS FOR THE SNS FAST INJECTION BUMP POWER SUPPLY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    ENG,W.CUTLER,R.DEWAN,S.ET AL.

    2004-07-05

    The tracking requirement of the SNS Fast Injection Bump power supplies is described. In addition to the usual tracking between the load current and the input reference of a power supply, these power supplies must also track between pairs of units under slightly different loads. This paper describes the use of a current-null test to measure tracking performances. For the actual tests, a single dummy magnet load was used to measure the tracking between the first two production units at the manufacturer's facility. Using the Yokogawa WE7000 waveform. PC-based measurement instrument, input and output waveforms are digitized and stored in data files. A program written for this application is then used to extract data from these files to construct, analyze the waveforms and characterize the power supply performance. Results of the measurements of two SNS Fast Injection Bump power supplies will be presented in this paper.

  15. Employment within the power supply industry and the power supply related activities; Sysselsatte i kraftnaeringen og kraftrelatert virksomhet 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thoen, Haavard

    2012-07-01

    The report's main objective is to investigate employment within the power supply industry and the power supply related activities. The report will describe the composition of employees in regard to sex, age and education. The power supply industry is defined in Statistics Norway's Standard Industrial Classification, as 'Production and distribution of electricity'. The group of companies related to power supply related activities employ similar persons in regard to education and occupation, typical to companies in the power supply industry. These two groups make up the power supply sector in this report. In 2011 there were 18 450 employees in the power supply sector. This constitutes an increase of nearly 13.5 per cent since 2004 and 1.1 per cent since 2010. The sex distribution of about 80 per cent men and 20 per cent women has been fairly stable since 2004. The power supply sector has a low share of women among its employees compared to the private sector in general. In 2011 the level of education in the power supply sector was higher than for the private sector in general. Since 2004, the share of persons with higher education has increased from 27 to 33 per cent. Employees in the power supply sector are on average older than employees in the private sector. The employees have matured since 2004, but in the last few years, there have also been signs of fresh recruitment. The power supply industry had a net influx of 380 new employees, in the period between 2009 and 2011. There were 1678 new employees and 1298 employees lost in the sector due to attrition. If we look at the supply of new employees who were also employed in 2010, 14.2 percent of female employees worked in temporary staff recruitment agencies. Temporary work seems to be an important entry gate to the power supply industry for women. Among men, the building- and construction sector was the most common background for new employees in the power supply industry. Among people who quit their job in the power supply industry between 2010 and 2011, 46 percent did not work in 2011.(Author)

  16. Pollution Maintenance Techniques in Coastal High Voltage Installations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Pyrgioti

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Pollution of outdoor high voltage insulators is a common problem for utilities, with a considerable impact to power system reliability. In an effort to prevent possible flashovers due to pollution, many methods have been applied, aiming to improve the insulation performance, either by suppressing the formation of surface conductivity or by increasing the possible insulation level. In the case of substations, the selection of the appropriate technique is complex due to certain issues correlated to the nature of the installation. In this paper, several techniques usually implemented by utilities, are investigated based on the experienced gained in the case of Crete, a Greek island in southern Europe, where due to the coastal development of the power system, the majority of high voltage installations are exposed to intense marine pollution. The technique of coating insulators with Room Temperature Vulcanized Silicone Rubber (RTV SIR has proved rather efficient and therefore is presented extendedly. Correlation of the material behaviour with environmental conditions is discussed and results from long term monitoring, including environmental parameters and leakage current measurements, in a 150 kV Substation are presented. It is shown that RTV SIR coatings have remarkably suppressed surface activity and that porcelain insulators exhibit different activity period when coated.

  17. Market Report : The high-voltage transmission market in Poland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to meet the accession requirements for membership to the European Union, Poland is currently restructuring its energy sector, and the initiative to privatise the electric power industry to full competition by 2005 is on course. This report describes the opportunities for foreign investors and suppliers of electrical equipment and services, particularly at this time when power demand is growing, the power grid infrastructure is ageing and obsolete components must be replaced. The total installed capacity in Poland is about 33,000 megawatts. This includes all installations of power plants and combined heat and power plants. An investment of $23 billion is anticipated by 2010 in order to modernize the electricity power industry and to meet the growing energy demand. Polski Siece Elektroenergetyczne, S.A. (PSE) is the state-owned company which controls Poland's high-voltage transmission grid. It operates a 220 kilovolt and 40 kV grid and holds the monopoly on acquiring and transmitting electricity in the country. Poland maintains grid interconnections with several other European countries and is looking to expand its network. Opportunities for Canadian suppliers lie in the areas of high-voltage power transmission equipment and services. Other opportunities lie in commercial prospects in sales of equipment and services. The report includes a section on international competition, and the Canadian position for both private- and public-sector companies. A section on market logistics describes distribution channels, market-entry considerations, import regulations, and export credit risks. A list of key contacts and support services is included with this report. refs., tabs

  18. Market Report : The high-voltage transmission market in Poland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-06-01

    In order to meet the accession requirements for membership to the European Union, Poland is currently restructuring its energy sector, and the initiative to privatise the electric power industry to full competition by 2005 is on course. This report describes the opportunities for foreign investors and suppliers of electrical equipment and services, particularly at this time when power demand is growing, the power grid infrastructure is ageing and obsolete components must be replaced. The total installed capacity in Poland is about 33,000 megawatts. This includes all installations of power plants and combined heat and power plants. An investment of $23 billion is anticipated by 2010 in order to modernize the electricity power industry and to meet the growing energy demand. Polski Siece Elektroenergetyczne, S.A. (PSE) is the state-owned company which controls Poland's high-voltage transmission grid. It operates a 220 kilovolt and 40 kV grid and holds the monopoly on acquiring and transmitting electricity in the country. Poland maintains grid interconnections with several other European countries and is looking to expand its network. Opportunities for Canadian suppliers lie in the areas of high-voltage power transmission equipment and services. Other opportunities lie in commercial prospects in sales of equipment and services. The report includes a section on international competition, and the Canadian position for both private- and public-sector companies. A section on market logistics describes distribution channels, market-entry considerations, import regulations, and export credit risks. A list of key contacts and support services is included with this report. refs., tabs.

  19. Design status and procurement activities of the High Voltage Deck 1 and Bushing for the ITER Neutral Beam Injector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boldrin, Marco, E-mail: marco.boldrin@igi.cnr.it [Consorzio RFX, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padova (Italy); De Lorenzi, Antonio [Consorzio RFX, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padova (Italy); Decamps, Hans [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); Grando, Luca [Consorzio RFX, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padova (Italy); Simon, Muriel [Fusion For Energy, c/ Josep Pla 2, 08019 Barcelona (Spain); Toigo, Vanni [Consorzio RFX, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padova (Italy)

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: ? ITER Neutral Beam Injector includes several non-standard components. ? The design status of the ?1 MV{sub dc} HVD1 and Bushing is described. ? The paper reports also on the integrated layout of the two components. ? Preliminary electrostatic and thermal analyses are presented. ? Procurement activities are outlined. -- Abstract: The ITER Neutral Beam Injector (NBI) power supply system includes several non-standard components, whose ratings go beyond the present industrial practice. Two of these items, to be procured by Fusion for Energy, are: 1.A ?1 MV{sub dc} air-insulated Faraday cage, called High Voltage Deck 1 (HVD1), hosting the Ion Source and Extractor Power Supplies (ISEPS) and the associated diagnostics. 2.A ?1 MV{sub dc} feedthrough, called HVD1-TL Bushing, aimed at connecting the HVD1 to the gas (SF{sub 6}) insulated Transmission Line (TL), containing inside its High Voltage (HV) conductor all ISEPS power and control cables coming from the HVD1 to be connected to the NBI Ion Source services. The paper deals with the status of the design of the HVD1 and HVD1-TL Bushing, focusing on insulation, mechanical and thermal issues as well as on their integration with the other components of the power supply system. In particular, the insulation issue of the integrated system has been addressed by means of an electrostatic Finite Element (FE) analysis whilst a FE thermal simulation has been carried out to assess the impact of the dissipation of the proposed design of the inner conductors (ISEPS conductors) not actively cooled. Finally, the paper describes the status of procurement strategy and execution.

  20. Design status and procurement activities of the High Voltage Deck 1 and Bushing for the ITER Neutral Beam Injector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ? ITER Neutral Beam Injector includes several non-standard components. ? The design status of the ?1 MVdc HVD1 and Bushing is described. ? The paper reports also on the integrated layout of the two components. ? Preliminary electrostatic and thermal analyses are presented. ? Procurement activities are outlined. -- Abstract: The ITER Neutral Beam Injector (NBI) power supply system includes several non-standard components, whose ratings go beyond the present industrial practice. Two of these items, to be procured by Fusion for Energy, are: 1.A ?1 MVdc air-insulated Faraday cage, called High Voltage Deck 1 (HVD1), hosting the Ion Source and Extractor Power Supplies (ISEPS) and the associated diagnostics. 2.A ?1 MVdc feedthrough, called HVD1-TL Bushing, aimed at connecting the HVD1 to the gas (SF6) insulated Transmission Line (TL), containing inside its High Voltage (HV) conductor all ISEPS power and control cables coming from the HVD1 to be connected to the NBI Ion Source services. The paper deals with the status of the design of the HVD1 and HVD1-TL Bushing, focusing on insulation, mechanical and thermal issues as well as on their integration with the other components of the power supply system. In particular, the insulation issue of the integrated system has been addressed by means of an electrostatic Finite Element (FE) analysis whilst a FE thermal simulation has been carried out to assess the impact of the dissipation of the proposed design of the inner conductors (ISEPS conductors) not actively cooled. Finally, the paper describes the status of procurement strategy and execution

  1. Analysis of GIS data to investigate natural resource impacts of high-voltage overhead lines in the examples in Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thinh, Nguyen Xuan; Sander, Leon; Kopec, Jakob; Muehlnickel, Kai [Technische Univ. Dortmund (Germany). Dept. of Spatial Information Management and Modelling

    2013-07-01

    In this paper we describe shortly Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia as study areas and the legal framework, both in the context of natural resource impacts of high-voltage overhead lines. We then conduct the buffer analysis of a GIS dataset in order to investigate natural resource impacts of existing high-voltage overhead lines in the two mentioned study areas. The paper is based upon the first results of the interdisciplinary research and development project ''Power Network Planning'' funded as part of the 6th Energy research program ''Research for an environmentally friendly, reliable and affordable energy supply'' by the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi). (orig.)

  2. Power supplies for plasma column control in the COMPASS tokamak

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Havlicek, J. [Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR, v.v.i., Association EURATOM / IPP.CR, Za Slovankou 3, 182 00 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Department of Surface and Plasma Science, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, V Holešovi?kách 2, 180 00 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Hauptmann, R. [?KD Elektrotechnika, Kolbenova 936/5e, 190 00 Praha 9 (Czech Republic); Peroutka, O.; Tadros, M. [Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR, v.v.i., Association EURATOM / IPP.CR, Za Slovankou 3, 182 00 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Hron, M., E-mail: hron@ipp.cas.cz [Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR, v.v.i., Association EURATOM / IPP.CR, Za Slovankou 3, 182 00 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Janky, F.; Vondracek, P. [Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR, v.v.i., Association EURATOM / IPP.CR, Za Slovankou 3, 182 00 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Department of Surface and Plasma Science, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, V Holešovi?kách 2, 180 00 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Cahyna, P. [Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR, v.v.i., Association EURATOM / IPP.CR, Za Slovankou 3, 182 00 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Mikulín, O. [Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR, v.v.i., Association EURATOM / IPP.CR, Za Slovankou 3, 182 00 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Department of Physical Electronics, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, V Holešovi?kách 2, 180 00 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Šesták, D.; Junek, P.; Pánek, R. [Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR, v.v.i., Association EURATOM / IPP.CR, Za Slovankou 3, 182 00 Praha 8 (Czech Republic)

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: ? Design of power supplies for fast control of plasma position in COMPASS tokamak. ? Design of power supply for experiments with ELM control by vertical plasma movement. ? Common regulator for power supplies for vertical plasma position and for ELMs control. ? Current status of construction, commissioning, and operation of these power supplies. -- Abstract: The main magnetic fields in COMPASS – i.e. The Toroidal, Magnetising, Equilibrium, and Shaping Fields – are created by a set of four corresponding thyristor power supplies controlled in a 0.5 ms loop. The plasma position has to be controlled both radially and vertically by two additional magnetic fields provided by two fast amplifiers (FAs) based on MOSFET technology, each supplying ±100 V and up to ±5 kA. Currently, an ongoing project aims at ELM triggering by fast changes of the vertical position of the plasma column, also referred to as vertical kicks. For this purpose, a new Vertical Kicks Power Supply (VKPS) capable of quick change of vertical plasma position is being constructed. This power supply should operate at up to 1.2 kV with switching frequency up to 5 kHz. It is designed as a H-bridge but based on IGBT transistors which can be operated at higher voltages than MOSFETs. In this paper, we focus on the FAs and VKPS engineering design and required output parameters. Both the power supplies are based on modern components with highest available ratings in their categories. Unique design of the power supplies takes advantage of the short duration of the COMPASS discharge by overloading the transistors above their maximal steady-state rating. The FA is regularly operating, so that in addition to describing its design, we also describe the achieved performance parameters. Finally, the common controller unit, communication, and error handling is described.

  3. Efficient power supply using Power over Ethernet; Effiziente Stromversorgung mittels Power over Ethernet (PoE)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huser, A.

    2005-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) takes a look at methods of supplying small equipment such as Internet telephones, web cams, hubs, hard discs, audio equipment, point-of-sale terminals, game consoles etc. with power via their Ethernet connections. A short comparison is presented between Power over Ethernet (PoE) and other methods of supplying power along with data, including Universal Serial Bus (USB), FireWire and Powerline systems. The advantages of PoE over the use of separate power supply units are discussed and recommendations are made to the manufacturers and users of small peripheral equipment regarding the dimensioning and loading of such power supply systems.

  4. Impulse Three Phase Power Supply Used for a Gliding Plasma Discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salazar-Torres, J. A.; Pacheco-Sotelo, J.; Valdivia-Barrientos, R.; Pacheco-Pacheco, M.; Ramos-Flores, F.; Soria-Arguello, G.; Ibañez-Olvera, M.

    2015-03-01

    Power sources used for generating plasma have different configurations depending on the particular application; the aim here comprises the maximum energy transfer to the plasma discharge reaching. This work shows the performance and versatility of a simple impulse phase power source, applied to gliding arc plasma discharge. It is capable of changing the operating frequency from 5 kHz up to 150 kHz and the duty cycle from 1% to 33% in all three phases, each one connected to three divergent tungsten electrodes. This allows a soft start plasma ignition until the full load is reached. This converter uses a sequential logic circuits composed by flip-flops, gates drivers, IGBT's and high voltage ferrite transformers. These features facilitate the maximum energy transfer to the plasma without using more complex electronic structures. The effect of frequency, duty cycle, voltage and current wave form signals is here described. This power supply has the adaptability to work whit different type of gas such as Argon, Helium, Air and Nitrogen. A Matlab Simulink simulation validates the experimental results. The main features and advantages of this configuration are also defined.

  5. Presentation of fast high voltage switches

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the framework of the SILVA (isotopic separation by laser) project, the French CEA has developed an innovative technology concerning fast high voltage and high current switches. This technology involves semi-conductors and proposes modular sets made up of 350 MOSFET transistors able to switch 5500 V, 1000 A in 20 nanoseconds. The reliability level is high: the average life-time being over 20000 hours. This reliability is based on the redundancy brought by the series connection of the components. In a set of N series-connected components, if the number of components is greater than the just necessary number required to hold the voltage, the failure of one component does not spread to others. The device goes on acting and it appears that a certain number of failed components can be tolerated. (A.C.)

  6. Plasma response to transient high voltage pulses

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S Kar; S Mukherjee

    2013-07-01

    This review reports on plasma response to transient high voltage pulses in a low pressure unmagnetized plasma. Mainly, the experiments are reviewed, when a disc electrode (metallic and dielectric) is biased pulsed negative or positive. The main aim is to review the electron loss in plasmas and particle balance during the negative pulse electrode biasing, when the applied pulse width is less than the ion plasma period. Though the applied pulse width is less than the ion plasma period, ion rarefaction waves are excited. The solitary electron holes are reviewed for positive pulsed bias to the electrode. Also the excitation of waves (solitary electron and ion holes) is reviewed for a metallic electrode covered by a dielectric material. The wave excitation during and after the pulse withdrawal, excitation and propagation characteristics of various electrostatic plasma waves are reviewed here.

  7. Maximizing electrical power supply using FACTS devices

    OpenAIRE

    Lehmann, Karsten; Bent, Russell; Pan, Feng

    2015-01-01

    Modern society critically depends on the services electric power provides. Power systems rely on a network of power lines and transformers to deliver power from sources of power (generators) to the consumers (loads). However, when power lines fail (for example, through lightning or natural disasters) or when the system is heavily used, the network is often unable to fulfill all of the demand for power. While systems are vulnerable to these failures, increasingly, sophisticat...

  8. Understanding and Improving High Voltage Vacuum Insulators for Microsecond Pulses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Javedani, J B; Goerz, D A; Houck, T L; Lauer, E J; Speer, R D; Tully, L K; Vogtlin, G E; White, A D

    2007-03-05

    High voltage insulation is one of the main areas of pulsed power research and development, and dielectric breakdown is usually the limiting factor in attaining the highest possible performance in pulsed power devices. For many applications the delivery of pulsed power into a vacuum region is the most critical aspect of operation. The surface of an insulator exposed to vacuum can fail electrically at an applied field more than an order or magnitude below the bulk dielectric strength of the insulator. This mode of breakdown, called surface flashover, imposes serious limitations on the power flow into a vacuum region. This is especially troublesome for applications where high voltage conditioning of the insulator and electrodes is not practical and for applications where relatively long pulses, on the order of several microseconds, are required. The goal of this project is to establish a sound fundamental understanding of the mechanisms that lead to surface flashover, and then evaluate the most promising techniques to improve vacuum insulators and enable high voltage operation at stress levels near the intrinsic bulk breakdown limits of the material. The approach we proposed and followed was to develop this understanding through a combination of theoretical and computation methods coupled with experiments to validate and quantify expected behaviors. In this report we summarize our modeling and simulation efforts, theoretical studies, and experimental investigations. The computational work began by exploring the limits of commercially available codes and demonstrating methods to examine field enhancements and defect mechanisms at microscopic levels. Plasma simulations with particle codes used in conjunction with circuit models of the experimental apparatus enabled comparisons with experimental measurements. The large scale plasma (LSP) particle-in-cell (PIC) code was run on multiprocessor platforms and used to simulate expanding plasma conditions in vacuum gap regions. Algorithms were incorporated into LSP to handle secondary electron emission from dielectric materials to enable detailed simulations of flashover phenomenon. Theoretical studies were focused on explaining a possible mechanism for anode initiated surface flashover that involves an electron avalanche process starting near the anode, not a mechanism involving bulk dielectric breakdown. Experiments were performed in Engineering's Pulsed Power Lab using an available 100-kV, 10-{micro}s pulse generator and vacuum chamber. The initial experiments were done with polyethylene insulator material in the shape of a truncated cone cut at +45{sup o} angle between flat electrodes with a gap of 1.0 cm. The insulator was sized so there were no flashovers or breakdowns under nominal operating conditions. Insulator flashover or gap closure was induced by introducing a plasma source, a tuft of velvet, in proximity to the insulator or electrode.

  9. High-voltage discharge in supersonic jet of plumbum vapor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amirov, R. Kh; Antonov, N. N.; Liziakin, G. D.; Polistchook, V. P.; Samoylov, I. S.; Usmanov, R. A.; Yartsev, I. M.

    2015-11-01

    During study of vacuum discharge in plumbum evaporating from molybdenum crucible in identical geometry of discharge gap and the same crucible temperature existence of two different discharge forms were observed. These two forms are vacuum arc with current above 10 A and voltage about 15 V and high-voltage discharge with current about 10 mA and voltage of 340 V. Plumbum was placed in heat-isolated crucible (cathode). Electron-beam heater was situated under the crucible. At the temperature of 1.25 kK that corresponds to plumbum saturated vapor pressure about 0.1 kPa voltage from power source (380 V, 200 A) was applied to anode and high-voltage discharge initiated with characteristics mentioned above. After a few seconds this discharge could turn into arc or could exist hundreds of seconds until total plumbum evaporation. Glow of discharge could take the form of a cone, harness or plasma bunch that hanged at the appreciable distance from the electrodes. The estimations of plasma parameters are presented.

  10. Tokamak Physics Experiment (TPX) power supply design and development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Tokamak Physics Experiment (TPX) is an advanced tokamak project aimed at the production of quasi-steady state plasmas with advanced shape, heating, and particle control. TPX is to be built at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) using many of the facilities from the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR). TPX will be the first tokamak to utilize superconducting (SC) magnets in both the toroidal field (TF) and poloidal field (PF) systems. This new feature requires a departure from the traditional tokamak power supply schemes. This paper describes the plan for the adaptation of the PPPL/FTR power system facilities to supply TPX. Five major areas are addressed, namely the AC power system, the TF, PF and Fast Plasma Position Control (FPPC) power supplies, and quench protection for the TF and PF systems. Special emphasis is placed on the development of new power supply and protection schemes

  11. Scalable single point power extraction for compact mobile and stand-alone solar harvesting power sources based on fully printed organic photovoltaic modules and efficient high voltage DC/DC conversion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garcia Valverde, Rafael; Villarejo, José A.

    2015-01-01

    Patterns for fully printed polymer solar cells are presented that inherently enable scaling of the power output with single point electrical energy connection is presented. Connection is made to only one end of the printed foil that can be rolled out for light energy harvesting. The power level is simply increased/decreased by increasing/decreasing the length of the foil with a corresponding increase/decrease in operating voltage. The current flow runs in both directions along the printed foil thus alleviating the need for post process addition of complex busbar topologies. The power conversion takes place in a HVDC–DC converter that is tailored specifically for operation with polymer solar cells by regulation on the input side. The system charges a lithium-polymer battery thus enabling storage of 82 Wh for a printed OPV foil measuring 0.305 m×9 m having a nominal power output of at least 15 W (AM1.5G, 1000 W m?2). As a demonstration we present a scalable fully integrated and compact power unit for mobile applications comprising solar energy harvesting OPV modules, power conversion and storage. Applications possible include electrical charging of mobile devices, illumination using LED lamps and low mechanical power applications such as pumping water.

  12. Development of power supply and programmer for superconducting solenoid magnet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A current and voltage regulated (0-100A / 0-10V) switch mode power supply and its programmer have been designed and developed, to power the super conducting solenoid magnets used as a transverse focusing devices inside the superconducting LINAC module, and other offline superconducting magnet setups. The power supply and programmer are two independent units. The power supply is controlled by the programmer when it is used to power the superconducting magnet, but with other loads it can be used without the programmer. The programmer is designed as a special feed back loop element, which compensates the effect of large inductance and zero resistance of super conducting magnet to ensure oscillation free smooth operation. The programmer has special features like quench protection, magnet current ramp rate control and maximum limit settings of magnet current and voltage. The power supply alone (without programmer) can be used for other laboratory applications requiring regulated variable DC voltage and current source. These power supplies can be used in master-slave mode to get several kW of power. This set-up (supply and programmer) have both manual and computer control features. (author)

  13. Trim Power Supplies for the Duke Booster and Storage Ring

    CERN Document Server

    Popov, Victor; Mikhailov, Stepan; Oakeley, Owen; Wallace, Patrick W; Wu, Y K

    2005-01-01

    The on-going Duke storage ring upgrades and the development of a new booster synchrotron injection require more than 100 units of high performance unipolar and bipolar trim power supplies in the current range of -15A to +15A. However, most of the trim power supplies on the market do not deliver two critical performance features simultaneously: a high current stability and a low current noise.An in-house trim power supply development program is then put in force to design, fabricate, and test low cost linear power supplies with current stability about 100 ppm and current ripples less than 100 ppm in a broad band. A set of unipolar power supplies (0-12A) have been designed, fabricated and successfully tested. Since August, 2004 they have been used in storage ring operation with excellent performance. The prototype of bipolar power supplies (± 15 A) has been designed and tested as well. The main design principles and their performance results of both unipolar and bipolar supplies will be presented in th...

  14. Digital simulation of the MFTF power supply system using EMTP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The power supply system for MFTF will consist of twenty-four sets of accel, arc, and filament power supplies. The system will be fed from a common source and split into sets of two for the accel supplies and sets of four for the arc and filament supplies. This paper describes the simulation of this system and the EMTP code that was used. Interactions between power supplies during turn on that are due to common system impedances are studied, and a description of Transient Analysis of Control Systems (TACS) control is presented. The system harmonic content found by EMTP is discussed. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of an accel crowbar simulation

  15. The preliminary scheme of power supply for radial field coils in Hl-2a tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Various schemes of power supply for Radial field coils are presented, and their characteristic are analyzed. The result is that both thyristor and power transistor are appropriate to power supply for radial field coils. There are two ways of power supply with thyristor, they are half-wave power supply and full-wave power supply. There are four ways of power supply with transistor, the first one is switching power supply, the second one is transistor regulator power supply, the third one is carrier waves power supply, and the forth one is transistor converter power supply. Having analyzed the requirement of power supply for radial field coil, and compared the performances, reaction speed and feasibility of involved devices of the above schemes, it is concluded that thyristor is suitable to the power supply in low parameter plasma discharge, but for the high parameter plasma discharge, the power transistor is appropriate

  16. Scalable single point power extraction for compact mobile and stand-alone solar harvesting power sources based on fully printed organic photovoltaic modules and efficient high voltage DC/DC conversion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garcia Valverde, Rafael; Villarejo, José A.; Hösel, Markus; Madsen, Morten Vesterager; Søndergaard, Roar R.; Jørgensen, Mikkel; Krebs, Frederik C

    2015-01-01

    Patterns for fully printed polymer solar cells are presented that inherently enable scaling of the power output with single point electrical energy connection is presented. Connection is made to only one end of the printed foil that can be rolled out for light energy harvesting. The power level is simply increased/decreased by increasing/decreasing the length of the foil with a corresponding increase/decrease in operating voltage. The current flow runs in both directions along the printed foil t...

  17. Effect of high voltage stress on the DC performance of the Al2O3/AlN GaN metal-insulator-semiconductor high-electron mobility transistor for power applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Ting-En; Lin, Yueh-Chin; Liao, Jen-Ting; Lan, Wei-Cheng; Chin, Ping-Chieh; Chang, Edward Yi

    2015-10-01

    We demonstrate an Al2O3/AlN/AlGaN/GaN metal-insulator-semiconductor high-electron mobility transistor (MIS-HEMT) device with stable electrical properties under high-voltage stress, by using an Al2O3/AlN stack layer as the gate dielectric layer. Excellent quality AlN/Al2O3 GaN interface was obtained by using plasma-enhanced ALD (PE-ALD), resulting in a very low interface trap density (Dit) of ˜1.8 × 1011 eV-1 cm-2, obtained by using the conductance method. The device exhibits a small threshold voltage hysteresis of ˜200 mV and a lower gate-source leakage current. No obvious changes in the drain-source current and ON-resistance were observed for the device that was subject to the drain-source voltage stress of 100 V for 15 h.

  18. Power supply requirements for a tokamak fusion reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The power supply requirements for a 7-M major radius commercial tokamak reactor have been examined, using a system approach combining models of the reactor and poloidal coil set, plasma burn cycle and MHD calculations, and power supply characteristics and cost data. A conventional system using an MGF set and solid-state rectifier/inverter power supplies was studied in addition to systems using a homopolar generator, superconducting energy storage inductor, and dump resistors. The requirements and cost of the power supplies depend on several factors but most critically on the ohmic heating ramp time used for startup. Long ramp times (approx. > 8 s) seems to be feasible, from the standpoint of resistive volt-second losses, and would appear to make conventional systems quite competitive with nonconventional ones, which require further research and development

  19. Power supply for coil of poloidal field in a tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The invention refers to power supply systems of poloidal field winding in tokamaks. The purpose of the invention is the extension of functional capabilities of the circuit by means of use of thyristor and diode keys mounted between convertor sections

  20. High stability, high current DC-power supplies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Improvements of the power supplies and the control system of the AVF cyclotron which is used as an injector to the ring cyclotron and of the transport system to the ring cyclotron were done in order to get more high quality and more stable beam. The power supply of the main coil of the AVF cyclotron was exchanged to new one. The old DCCTs (zero-flux current transformers) used for the power supplies of the trim coils of the AVF cyclotron were changed to new DCCTs to get more stability. The potentiometers used for the reference voltages in the other power supplies of the AVF cyclotron and the transport system were changed to the temperature controlled DAC method for numerical-value settings. This paper presents the results of the improvements. (author)

  1. Ramping scheme for magnet power supplies of SRS INDUS-2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beam energy ramping in Synchrotron Radiation (SRS) requires synchronous increase in power supply currents attached to various magnets. This paper describes the control system scheme to perform ramping in INDUS-2. (author)

  2. Design considerations for high current regulated DC power supplies with reference to 600 kW variable DC power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High current regulated dc power supplies find increasing applications in industry and research. The power rating of these supplies vary from few killowatts to megawatts. The general requirements of these supplies for various applications and the techniques used to achieve the desired performance are presented. The design and selection of various circuit blocks namely the rectifier transformer, multiphase rectifier arrangement, SCR paralleling and current sensing techniques, are discussed in detail for a 600 killowatt current controlled supply developed in the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay, and used for the thermal studies of reactor components. The power supply incorporates paralleled phase controlled thyristors with a closed loop feedback circuitary to achieve a current stability of 0.1% and smooth output variation from 10 to 100%. (auth.)

  3. Research and design of nuclear industry welding power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to characteristic of nuclear industry and the requirement of welding, a program of novel inverted welding power supply has been designed. Adopting IGBT as inverted switch component, the switch on and switch off are controlled by the PWM. The width of pulses is controlled by using the current output errors in pallered with the peak current of the switch elements. The experiment indicated such power supply remains stable, which attains the need of design. (authors)

  4. Electromagnetic shielding of high-voltage cables

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electromagnetic shielding of high-voltage (HV) cables has been studied both by numerical computations and by experiments performed in real-life practical situations. Two shield topologies have been considered, i.e. open- versus closed-shield configurations. The open-shield configuration consists of placing horizontally plates on the ground. The closed-shield configuration consists of a formed cable conduct base in which the HV cable is placed, and on which a cover is mounted. HV cables (150 kV) were studied in both experimental trials. With respect to the considered materials in the experiments, the ferromagnetic hot-rolled low-carbon material Magnetil[reg] is used (ferromagnetic material), and its behaviour is compared to the shielding based on aluminium (conductive non-magnetic material). Briefly, the following average shielding factors (SF) are obtained with open-shield configurations: SF around 2 when using Magnetil[reg], SF around 4 when using aluminium. In closed-shielding configurations, a much more performant shielding behaviour is experimentally obtained, namely SF around 20 when using Magnetil[reg], while SF around 8 when using aluminium. The optimum shielding behaviour is thus obtained by a ferromagnetic closed shield

  5. High-voltage microwave-triggered switches

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ridge, N.A.; Maitland, A. [Univ. of St. Andrews, Fife (United Kingdom); Hirst, P.F. [Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, London (United Kingdom); Parkes, D.M. [DRA, Malvern (United Kingdom). RF Techniques Section

    1996-12-01

    The operation of three types of experimental high voltage microwave-triggered switches developed by the University of St. Andrews and DRA Malvern is described. The POLOTRON and the microwave-triggered three-gap-switch (MTGS) are closing switches and the microwave-triggered tacitron, (MITTON) is a closing ad opening switch. The switches are robust hydrogen thyratron type devices, with an annular geometry, where closure is achieved using microwave fields to ionize the low pressure gas within the switch. In the case of the MITTON, the switch is opened by the application of a negative bias voltage to a large area metal grid. The POLOTRON is designed for fast switching applications. Its annular geometry results in an inherent low inductance and anode fall-times of less than 3 ns have been measured for a cold-cathode POLOTRON at charging voltages up to 30 kV. The MTGS, also a cold cathode switch, was developed for use in the DUOTRON transient generator (a voltage doubler). Output voltages of up to 16 kV have been measured at repetition rates of 90 Hz. The MITTON has closing characteristics similar to the POLOTRON and anode voltage fall-times of less than 10 ns have been measured at voltages up to 16 kV. Opening times of 0.5 {micro}s have been achieved with an anode voltage of 10 kV and current of 10 A.

  6. 2KJ/S 1KV, 25HZ PRR capacitor charging power supply with twin phase shifted primary windings to achieve high charge transfer rate and stability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The capacitor charging power supply (CCPS) was developed to charge bank of 150uF energy storage capacitor (15uf , 10 nos in parallel) upto 1kV in 35 ms exhibiting a peak charging power of 2 kJ/s at a repetition rate of 25 pps. A CCPS observes a large change in load variations at the output. Initially the capacitor will act as a short circuit so the topology must be such that it should withstand short circuit condition repetitively. The High Voltage capacitor charging power supply consist of two identical full bridge resonant converters feeding to two primary windings of a transformer with rectified secondary connected to capacitor load. Topology selection is based on the fact that the series resonant converter with switching frequency fs, below 50% of the resonant frequency fr (fs ? 0.5 fr) act as a current source. (author)

  7. RHIC GAMMA TRANSITION JUMP POWER SUPPLY PROTOTYPE TEST

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the principle and test results of the prototype RHIC Gamma Transition Jump Power Supply. The jump power supply principle is introduced and illustrated along with diagrams in this paper. The prototype is built with Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBT) as current direction switch components. Optically coupled IGBT drivers are used for the jump control switch. The jump time among the power supplies is synchronized from 40 to 60 milliseconds to meet the RHIC beam transition-crossing requirement. The short jump time is needed to avoid particle loss and to preserve the initial bunch area during the transition, thus successfully transferring the ion beams from the acceleration RF system to storage system. There are a total of twenty four jump power supplies that will be used. They synchronously switch the direction of the magnets current while the beam is being accelerated through the transition to reach the top storage energy. Each power supply will energize a group of super conducting magnets, which consists of four magnets that are connected in series. At the end, test results are listed, accompanied with the dummy load current waveform and prototype power supply picture

  8. RHIC GAMMA TRANSITION JUMP POWER SUPPLY PROTOTYPE TEST.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MI,J.; GANETIS,G.; LOUIE,W.; BRUNO,D.; ZAPASEK,R.; SANDBERG,J.; ZHANG,W.

    2001-06-18

    This paper describes the principle and test results of the prototype RHIC Gamma Transition Jump Power Supply. The jump power supply principle is introduced and illustrated along with diagrams in this paper. The prototype is built with Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBT) as current direction switch components. Optically coupled IGBT drivers are used for the jump control switch. The jump time among the power supplies is synchronized from 40 to 60 milliseconds to meet the RHIC beam transition-crossing requirement. The short jump time is needed to avoid particle loss and to preserve the initial bunch area during the transition, thus successfully transferring the ion beams from the acceleration RF system to storage system. There are a total of twenty four jump power supplies that will be used. They synchronously switch the direction of the magnets current while the beam is being accelerated through the transition to reach the top storage energy. Each power supply will energize a group of super conducting magnets, which consists of four magnets that are connected in series. At the end, test results are listed, accompanied with the dummy load current waveform and prototype power supply picture.

  9. Market Design and Supply Security in Imperfect Power Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwenen, Sebastian

    2014-01-01

    Supply security in imperfect power markets is modelled under different market designs. In a uniform price auction for electricity with two firms, strategic behaviour may leave firms offering too few capacities and unable to supply all realized demand. Market design that relies oncapacity markets increases available generation capacities for sufficiently high capacity prices and consequently decreases energy prices. However, equilibrium capacity prices are non-competitive. Capacity markets can increase security of supply, but cannot mitigate market power, which is exercised in the capacity market instead of the energy market.

  10. Design of high power rectification power supply based on digital control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For typical high power rectification power supply, a design based on digital control is introduced. The feasibility and superiority of the digital control scheme were verified through the design and experimental results of the filament power supply for high current ion source of NBI. The application of digital control scheme, making the filament power supply design is more intelligent and simple, as related applications provide a reference. (authors)

  11. Requirements Specication for Ampliers and Power Supplies in Active Loudspeakers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schneider, Henrik; Jensen, Lasse Crone

    2014-01-01

    This work aims to provide designers with a method to develop a requirements specication for power supplies and ampliers in active loudspeakers. The motivation is to avoid over-sizing and unnecessary cost. A realistic estimation of the power supplied during playback of audio in a given loudspeaker is obtained by considering a wide range of audio source material, loudness normalization of the source material, crossover ltering, driver characteristics as well as a perceived maximum loudness/volume level. The results from analysing a sub-woofer and a woofer reveals the peak power, peak voltage, peak current and apparent power - thus providing a solid foundation for a requirement specication.

  12. Power sales contract/energy supply agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The factors involved in negotiating power purchase/sales arrangements in Ontario's newly deregulated electricity market are described, and the ways in which they will evolve in the future are predicted. Indications are that the trends that will govern the changes in the electric power industry will be the same as those that existed in the natural gas industry. For this reason, a comparative evaluation of purchase and sale agreements in the two industries was provided. Traditional power purchase arrangements, including requests for proposals, the seller's response, the memorandum of understanding, and the principal terms of a traditional bilateral power purchase agreement were examined. The author predicted that over time, and probably fairly fast in power pool jurisdictions, the traditional power purchase agreement will give way to the concept of energy as a pure commodity and to a standard form of agreement. 1 appendix

  13. Design of high voltage unit in particle detector in space

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A kind of High Voltage Unit (HVU) is designed by using SG1525, which is used to provide the bias voltage to the solid detectors in particle measurement in space. The parameters of the transformer are obtained base on experiments and the best working point of HVU is calculated by the theoretical analysis and numerical simulation, such as the best pulse-width, working frequency and the primary loops of the transformer. In the design of HVU of this paper, the specifications are: output voltage -90V, pulse-space rate 6.2%, 0-18 ?A load regulation 0.55%, voltage regulation 0.13%, ripple coefficient less than 5, and power dissipation 426 mW. The theoretical analysis and numerical simulation are agreed to the experiments, so that this method can be a useful reference for such HVU design. (authors)

  14. Alice ion source and its high voltage platform

    CERN Document Server

    Cavenago, M

    2000-01-01

    The electron cyclotron resonance ion source Alice is a small 14.4 GHz ion source intended to be a general purpose ion source for the ALPI ion linac. To increase the speed of emitted ions to more than 0.009 c it was installed on a high voltage platform. Noteworthy details of the platform complex such as the 400 kV insulation transformer with the power line connecting it to the platform and the acceleration tube are reviewed. The whole complex can operate up to 350 kV and up to 36 mu A of extracted current, the current dispersed is small and upgrading to 400 kV looks possible. Details of the beam current, ion source optimization, source emittance and beam transport are discussed and show good agreement between experiments and calculated beam sizes. (13 refs).

  15. X-ray emission of high voltage vacuum devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a result of this study, during the operation of commercial vacuum switching tubes with nominal voltages no X-radiation is produced in contrast to high voltage high vacuum devices in the field of power technology, where X-ray production is possible. Thus for vacuum switching devices for medium voltages there are no problems with respect to radiation protection. Although the X-ray intensity shows an exponential voltage dependency the development of vacuum switch chambers up to 140 kV is feasible as the X-rays produced can be mastered by a suitable design. The relation between the X-ray intensity and the design characteristics of such devices are considered, taking into account the geometry, material and surface properties of the electrodes. (DG)

  16. Application of transient pulses on power supply cables by using commercial of the shelf components

    OpenAIRE

    Hagmann, J; L.-O. Fichte; Dickmann, S.; M. Schaarschmidt; S. Potthast

    2010-01-01

    This paper deals with the development of ultra wide band pulse devices using merchantable hardware. The major goal is to create wide band transients and pulses with simple electronic equipment and to achieve high voltages and low pulse rise times. The propagation of these signals on common power lines are examined to analyse and forecast the effects on attached devices.

  17. Electrical system architecture having high voltage bus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoff, Brian Douglas (East Peoria, IL); Akasam, Sivaprasad (Peoria, IL)

    2011-03-22

    An electrical system architecture is disclosed. The architecture has a power source configured to generate a first power, and a first bus configured to receive the first power from the power source. The architecture also has a converter configured to receive the first power from the first bus and convert the first power to a second power, wherein a voltage of the second power is greater than a voltage of the first power, and a second bus configured to receive the second power from the converter. The architecture further has a power storage device configured to receive the second power from the second bus and deliver the second power to the second bus, a propulsion motor configured to receive the second power from the second bus, and an accessory motor configured to receive the second power from the second bus.

  18. A Photovoltaic Uninterruptible Power Supply System Synchronised to the Grid

    OpenAIRE

    J. Devishree; P. Anbalagan

    2006-01-01

    This study presents a pragmatic implementation of photovoltaic Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) using battery storage. The system incorporates a 100 W photovoltaic array, a 100 VA power conditioning unit which can operate both in charging and inverting modes and a 25-Ah battery bank. The system can provide uninterruptible power, load voltage stabilization in conditions of voltage or frequency fluctuations beyond tolerable level. The conditioner is desired to give maximum power tracking and ...

  19. Design of a 300-Watt Isolated Power Supply for Ultra-Fast Tracking Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen-Duy, Khiem; Ouyang, Ziwei

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the design of a medium-powerrating isolated power supply for ultra-fast tracking converters and MOS-gate driver circuits in medium and high voltage applications. The key feature of the design is its very low circuit input-to-output parasitic capacitance, which maximizes its noise immunity from noise due to fast changes in voltage. The converter is a voltage-controlled current source, utilizing a transformer with extremely low inter-winding parasitic capacitance, which is achieved by separating the windings by a significant distance. Experimental measurements show that an overall circuit input-to-output parasitic capacitance of 10 pF in a 300 W prototype can be achieved. The circuit input-to-output capacitance per watt is therefore 30 times lower than that of existing approaches. A mathematical model of the inter-winding capacitance of the proposed transformer, circuit analysis, and experimental results are provided to prove the feasibility of the converter.

  20. POWER SUPPLY UNIT FOR COMMERCIAL GREENHOUSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sit M.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the work is to develop the energy efficient schemes for energy supply of the industrial greenhouse designed for year-round production of plants that requires year-round maintenance of strongly prescribed temperature and humidity inside. We have been elaborated the complex "gas driven heat pump “water-air” – electric generator" (for use during the heating season as well as the "gas driven heat pump “water-air” – electric generator – desiccant – evaporative chiller" (for use during the off-season. Proposed structures have a high energetic and economic efficiency as compared with conventional schemes (boiler - chiller. The proposed complex ensures year-round maximum COP of heat pump and maximum performance of gas engine.