Because patients' limited level of health literacy can have a negative impact on patient health outcomes, it is important to address this topic in the nursing curricula. The author discusses a comparative study that assessed baccalaureate nursing students' knowledge of health literacy before and after implementation of an asynchronous online educational module. With a significant difference between the pretest and posttest scores, the findings provide information that can inform curriculum planning in baccalaureate nursing programs. PMID:22914282
Lundeen, S P
Community health nursing can play an important role in conducting community needs assessments that provide critical data upon which programming, planning, and evaluation should be based. The community health services developed for any given community should be planned with the specific needs of the community residents in mind. A community needs survey is one method that should be periodically employed to ascertain the specific needs and concerns of community residents. Nursing conceptual models developed by CHNs are very appropriate to the assessment of all aspects of community life related to health and well-being. Comprehensive community needs surveys should include assessment of environmental, psychosocial, and physiological aspects of health as well as indicators of health-related behaviors in the population. The Omaha classification system adapted for this study provides a broad conceptual framework that facilitates the development of comprehensive programs of assessment. Public health services are in a state of crisis in many states. Traditional program offerings may no longer be the key to providing the types of services most needed by some communities. Analysis of data on problems related to personal and family well-being in one upper middle class suburban community indicate a need for health promotion and services focused on many of the psychosocial aspects of health. The stress experienced by younger community residents appears to be related to issues of parenting and balancing the dual roles required at work and home. Families of elders are also confronted by issues concerning the decreasing independence of these individuals and the need to find additional support services for them. Community health services must be designed that take these factors into account. Professional nurses can provide the leadership necessary to assess health needs and current public health practices in these communities and to recommend and implement programs appropriate to the needs of the present and the goals of the future. PMID:1484296
Nicolene de, Jager; Sonya, Beukes; Anna G.W., Nolte.
Full Text Available Occupational health nurses (OHNs) are qualified registered nurses with a postgraduate qualification in occupational health nursing. An important activity of OHNs is to identify and assess health risks in the workplace. Health risk assessments (HRAs) are conducted by OHNs to determine all the occupat [...] ional health stressors, for example noise, vibration and chemical substances. The authors conducted legal compliance occupational health audits and observed that 85% (n = 23) of OHNs in different settings conduct HRAs only to a limited extent. The following objective was formulated for the study: To explore and describe the extent to which OHNs conduct HRAs as it is a legal requirement for compliance; and the possible reasons for not adhering to the regulation and conduct them only to a limited extent. A quantitative, descriptive design was used in this study. A sampling frame was developed from a list of all the members of the South African Society of Occupational Health Nursing Practitioners (SASOHN) in Gauteng. From the target population of OHNs in Gauteng, a systematic cluster sampling method was used. A self-developed questionnaire was distributed by mail and e-mail, and authors sent respondents reminders. The authors ensured that validity, reliability and ethical standards were adhered to. The findings revealed that OHNs are mature, experienced, predominately female practitioners who operate on behalf of a disproportionately large number of workers. Four factors influencing these nurses in conducting an HRA to a limited extent were identified: competence, ignorance about the role of the OHN, workload and attitude.
Adib-Hajbaghery, Mohsen; Safa, Azade
Background: Health assessment skills are of the most important skills which nurses require. The more precise assessment, the better results would be obtained and the quality of patient care would be improved. However, in Iran, few studies have investigated nurses assessment skills. Objectives: This study was aimed to assessnurses' evaluation of the learned skills of health assessment and their use. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 nurses in Isfahan province hospitals. Data was collected by a questionnaire including demographic data and 120 health assessment skills. Nurses scored their frequency of using and proficiency in skills. Statistical analysis was conducted by ANOVA, Tukey test and independent sample T-tests. Results: The highest level of using and proficiency in skills was related to taking history. Nurses received 87.25% of score in this field. The lowest level of application was in assessment of the urogenital system so that nurses received 16.37% of score in this area. Also the lowest proficiency was in assessment of the nervous system and nurses received 34.58% of score in this area. Conclusions: The level of nurses' proficiency in the health assessment skills was not satisfactory. Modifying the curriculum and cooperating of nurse managers and nursing schools can help to improve the situation. PMID:25414875
Chambers, C; Rix, K J
In this study, assessments of prisoners by doctors and nurses were compared in a provincial magistrates' court mental health assessment and diversion scheme, and outcomes were compared with the outcomes of those for whom no assessments were available during a control period. Substance misuse was relatively common and psychosis uncommon in the prisoners referred. Assessment by doctors enabled magistrates to reduce remands in custody of persons suspected of suffering from mental disorder and to grant bail in more cases. Only a small proportion of prisoners were admitted to hospital and although doctors and nurses recommended out-patient treatment in many cases, the attendance rate was low. Doctors were more likely than nurses to identify prisoners with medical needs that needed to be brought to the attention of the prison health care service, and to recommend out-patient psychiatric treatment and identify relevant medicolegal issues. Prisoners assessed by nurses were less likely than those assessed by doctors to attend alcohol or drug treatment services if recommended to do so. Prisoners who were admitted to hospital after a remand in custody spent longer on remand if assessed by nurses compared with those assessed by doctors. PMID:10087842
Kayser-Jones, Jeanie; And Others
Presents data from the development and testing of an instrument created to evaluate the oral health of nursing home residents by nursing personnel. Examination of 100 residents by dentists and 3 categories of trained nurses established statistically significant interrater reliability, suggesting that nursing staff can be taught to evaluate the
Flo, Elisabeth; Pallesen, Sta?le; Magerøy, Nils; Moen, Bente E.; Grønli, Janne; Nordhus, Inger Hilde; Bjorvatn, Bjørn
Background: This study investigates the prevalence of symptoms of shift work disorder in a sample of nurses, and its association to individual, health and work variables.
Methodology/Principal Findings: We investigated three different shift work disorder assessment procedures all based on current diagnostic criteria and employing symptom based questions. Crude and adjusted logistic regression analyses were performed with symptoms of shift work disorder as the dependent vari...
Isabel CF da Cruz
Full Text Available The Virtual Health Library Nursing is as the broad of scientific and technical knowledge based in health-entered, organized, and stored in electronic format universally accessible on the WWW and compatible with international databases. The information sources are generated, updated, stored, and manipulated on the Internet by scholars in a decentralized manner using common methodologies for their integration into the Virtual Health Library- Nursing.
Cannuscio, Carolyn C.; Jones, Camara; Kawachi, Ichiro; Colditz, Graham A.; Berkman, Lisa; Rimm, Eric
0bjectives. This study examined the association between caregiving for disabled or ill family members, estimated to occur in more than 22 million US households, and change in mental health. Methods. We assessed 4-year change in mental health among 37 742 Nurses Health Study participants with the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36. Results. Women who provided 36 or more weekly hours of care to a disabled spouse were almost 6 times more likely than noncaregivers to experience depressive or anxious symptoms (multivariate odds ratio [OR] = 5.6; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.8, 8.3). Caring for a disabled or ill parent (? 36 weekly hours) was associated with a less dramatic elevation in depressive or anxious symptoms (multivariate OR = 2.0; 95% CI = 0.9, 4.3). Conclusions. In this population, caregiving was associated with increased risk of depressive or anxious symptoms. PMID:12144989
Willemse, Juliana J.; Kortenbout, Elma W.
The practice of community health nursing (CHN) may enhance the life experiences of families and communities, particularly amongst the poor and socially marginalised. CHN provides for a deeper understanding of the health status of families living within communities, for example, where and how they live, their cultural context and their ability to identify resources available to assist with their health care (Allender, Rector & Warner 2010:17).This qualitative phenomenological study reflects on...
Juliana J., Willemse; Elma W., Kortenbout.
Full Text Available The practice of community health nursing (CHN) may enhance the life experiences of families and communities, particularly amongst the poor and socially marginalised. CHN provides for a deeper understanding of the health status of families living within communities, for example, where and how they li [...] ve, their cultural context and their ability to identify resources available to assist with their health care (Allender, Rector & Warner 2010:17). This qualitative phenomenological study reflects on the self-reported lived experiences of undergraduate CHN students at the University of the Western Cape in the City of Cape Town, South Africa. These students conducted a family health assessment (FHA) learning task at the homes of families within communities. Purposive and convenience sampling was used by students who had conducted an FHA. Fourteen students agreed to participate in the study, of whom nine were interviewed, two withdrew and the remaining three were not interviewed since no new data were emerging during interviews, indicating that saturation had been reached. During in-depth interviews with seven female and two male students, data for the exploration of the lived experiences was gathered through the following question: 'How did you experience the FHA?' Field notes were taken and used to capture non-verbal communication of participants. The focus of the study was to explore the lived experiences of students and not those of the family on whom the FHA was completed. Data collected were categorised into themes, guided by the systematic data analysis process of Tesch (1990) cited in Cresswell (2003:192). Four themes emerged: challenges of family selection, challenges of safety, socio-cultural challenges and academic challenges experienced by the participants. This study will inform future research and curriculum planning for CHN education in a multifaceted context.
Juliana J. Willemse
Full Text Available The practice of community health nursing (CHN may enhance the life experiences of families and communities, particularly amongst the poor and socially marginalised. CHN provides for a deeper understanding of the health status of families living within communities, for example, where and how they live, their cultural context and their ability to identify resources available to assist with their health care (Allender, Rector & Warner 2010:17.This qualitative phenomenological study reflects on the self-reported lived experiences of undergraduate CHN students at the University of the Western Cape in the City of Cape Town, South Africa. These students conducted a family health assessment (FHA learning task at the homes of families within communities.Purposive and convenience sampling was used by students who had conducted an FHA. Fourteen students agreed to participate in the study, of whom nine were interviewed, two withdrew and the remaining three were not interviewed since no new data were emerging during interviews, indicating that saturation had been reached. During in-depth interviews with seven female and two male students, data for the exploration of the lived experiences was gathered through the following question: How did you experience the FHA? Field notes were taken and used to capture non-verbal communication of participants. The focus of the study was to explore the lived experiences of students and not those of the family on whom the FHA was completed.Data collected were categorised into themes, guided by the systematic data analysis process of Tesch (1990 cited in Cresswell (2003:192. Four themes emerged: challenges of family selection, challenges of safety, socio-cultural challenges and academic challenges experiencedby the participants. This study will inform future research and curriculum planning for CHN education in a multifaceted context.
Patt Elison-Bowers; Nancy Otterness; Mary Pritchard
The purpose of this study was to explore the connection nurses see between the environment and health concerns of their patients. The study surveyed registered nurses (RNs) in a western state to determine whether they evaluated themselves as knowledgeable about environmental health (EH) hazards and if they felt prepared by their nursing curriculum to share this information with their patients. The study replicates a survey of Wisconsin nurses concerning issues related to EH knowledge among RN...
Intute's Nursing, Midwifery, and Health professional pages is a free online resource that provides information skills for nurses, midwives, and health visitors, allowing them to make practical use of the Internet in their work. The site contains key Internet resources to support the study, teaching, and/or research for nurses, midwives, and health visitors. For those completely unfamiliar with the Web world, the site also contains a glossary to help demystify some Internet terminology.
Selim, Abeer A; Dawood, Eman
In the current study, the Objective Structured Video Examination (OSVE) was conducted to assess undergraduate nursing students' knowledge, observation, and clinical reasoning related to clinical psychiatric nursing competencies. The OSVE showed acceptable reliability and validity (Cronbach's ? = 0.714, r = 0.6, respectively). Students highly appraised the OSVE because it covered a wide area of knowledge and clinical skills; the examination instructions were clear, concrete, and easily understood; the sounds and pictures of the videos were clear; and the videos simulated real patients. The examination was fair, well-administered, well-structured, and well-sequenced. The OSVE reflected learned skills, it provided opportunities for learning, grades were clearly identified, and it eliminated personal bias. Overall, the OSVE provided a practical and useful experience. On the other hand, some students negatively perceived the OSVE as being stressful and requiring more time. PMID:25602587
Hofoss, Dag; Grimsmo, Anders; Hellesø, Ragnhild
Background Nurses providing home health care services are dependent on access to patient information and communicating with general practitioners (GPs) to deliver safe and effective health care to patients. Information and communication technology (ICT) systems are viewed as powerful tools for this purpose. In Norway, a standardized electronic messaging (e-messaging) system is currently being established in health care. Objective The aim of this study was to explore home health care nurses assessments of the utility of the e-messaging system for communicating with GPs and identify elements that influence the assessment of e-messaging as a useful communication tool. Methods The data were collected using a self-developed questionnaire based on variables identified by focus group interviews with home health care nurses (n=425) who used e-messaging and existing research. Data were analyzed using logistic regression analyses. Results Over two-thirds (425/632, 67.2%) of the home health care nurses returned the questionnaire. A high proportion (388/399, 97.2%) of the home health care nurses who returned the questionnaire found the e-messaging system to be a useful tool for communication with GPs. The odds of reporting that e-messaging was a useful tool were over five times higher (OR 5.1, CI 2.489-10.631, P<.001) if the nurses agreed or strongly agreed that e-messaging was easy to use. The odds of finding e-messaging easy to use were nearly seven times higher (OR 6.9, CI 1.713-27.899, P=.007) if the nurses did not consider the system functionality poor. If the nurses had received training in the use of e-messaging, the odds were over six times higher (OR 6.6, CI 2.515-17.437, P<.001) that they would consider e-messaging easy to use. The odds that a home health care nurse would experience e-messaging as easy to use increased as the full-time equivalent percentage of the nurses increased (OR 1.032, CI 1.001-1.064, P=.045). Conclusions This study has shown that technical (ease of use and system functionality), organizational (training), and individual (full-time equivalent percentage) elements had an impact on home health care nurses assessments of using e-messaging to communicate with GPs. By identifying these elements, it is easier to determine which interventions are the most important for the development and implementation of ICT systems in home health care services. PMID:25691234
Habibi-Koolaee, Mahdi; Safdari, Reza; Bouraghi, Hamid
Background: The importance of the electronic health records in health care well known to everybody, as well as, the role of nurses to provide clinical care; they have a valuable role in successful implementation of electronic systems. The aim of this paper is to assess the nurses readiness for EHR implementation. Methods and Materials: This was a descriptive cross sectional study, conducted in 2013. Using cluster sampling, 310 nurses selected from teaching hospitals at Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). A self-structured questionnaire was used for gathering data. Data management and analysis was performed using SPSS for windows by using descriptive statistics. Results: 85.9% of nurses, participated in the study. The Microsoft Word (58.8%) was the higher level of skill according to ICDL. The mean of computer skills, knowledge and attitude of nurses towards EHR was 43.4%, 51.2% and 65.2%, respectively. In overall, the mean of readiness of nurses was 57.2%. Establish proper communication among providers and prevent duplications was the most positive attitude and complexity of service delivery was the most negative attitude toward EHR. Conclusion: The most obvious finding to emerge from this study is that it should be considered in the education, training and participation of nurses, it should be ensured the level of knowledge and attitude toward EHR and finally, some related courses in Health Information Systems suggested including the curriculum of nursing.
Mitchell, E. A.; Ferguson, V.; Norwood, M.
A randomised controlled study of an educational programme for children with asthma and their families was carried out by community child health nurses. Three hundred and sixty eight children aged 2 to 14 years were enrolled in the study after admission to hospital for asthma. The intervention group was visited monthly by a nurse for six months. The subjects were assessed six months later by a postal, self administered questionnaire. European children in the intervention group were taking sign...
Hirdi, Henriett Éva; Hong, OiSaeng
This article is the first about occupational health nursing in Hungary. The authors describe the Hungarian health care and occupational health care systems, including nursing education and professional organizations for occupational health nurses. The Fundamental Law of Hungary guarantees the right of every employee to healthy and safe working conditions, daily and weekly rest times and annual paid leave, and physical and mental health. Hungary promotes the exercise of these rights by managing industrial safety and health care, providing access to healthy food, supporting sports and regular physical exercise, and ensuring environmental protection. According to the law, the responsibility for regulation of the occupational health service lies with the Ministry of Human Resources. Safety regulations are under the aegis of the Ministry of National Economy. [Workplace Health Saf 2014;62(10):421-430.]. PMID:25139783
Jose Arturo Ruiz-Larios
Full Text Available This study presents an assessment of the participation and training of nurses in public health areas in the Americas. Information was gathered through a literature review and interviews with key informants from Mexico, Colombia, and Paraguay. Results demonstrate that there is significant variation in definitions of public health nursing across the region and current systematized data about the workforce profile of public health nursing personnel is not available for many countries in the Americas. There are significant regional differences in the levels and types of training of nurses working in public health areas and an increasing number of nurses are pursuing training in public health at the masters and doctoral levels. Many nurses carry out some or all of the essential functions of public health, but are not considered to be public health nurses. Generally, auxiliary and technical nurses have a broader presence in public health areas than professional nurses. In the future, regional health systems reforms should support increased recruitment and training of public health nurses, as well as stronger roles in public health research and health care at the individual, community, and population levels.
Jose Arturo Ruiz-Larios; Kelly Cooper; Laura Magaña-Valladares; Gustavo Nigenda
This study presents an assessment of the participation and training of nurses in public health areas in the Americas. Information was gathered through a literature review and interviews with key informants from Mexico, Colombia, and Paraguay. Results demonstrate that there is significant variation in definitions of public health nursing across the region and current systematized data about the workforce profile of public health nursing personnel is not available for many countries in the Amer...
Full Text Available The great upsurge of knowledge and progress in occupational health medicine which occurred during both world wars was proof that good occupational health services mean greater productivity, with the result that today the scope of the occupational health nurse is unlimited.
Crihfield, Connie; Grace, Ted W.
Almost from the beginning of formal college health programs in the second half of the 19th century, college health nurses were there to care for students in college and university settings. By the end of the 20th century, the role of college health nurses had evolved with the nursing field in general, but with enough unique features for the
Duffy, Sonia A; McCullagh, Marjorie; Lee, Corinne
The objective of this study was to conduct an assessment of the need for advanced practice, master's-prepared public health nurses in Michigan. A cross-sectional design was used to conduct interviews with former students, community leaders, and faculty. Content was analyzed qualitatively for themes. Participants were enthusiastic about the practice environment, but funding was a major concern. Almost all participants thought jobs were available and that public health nursing was cost-effective, yet there was concern about the aging work force and the need for higher education. Other disciplines serving in public health roles and hospitals were identified as competition to the public health nurse. Epidemiology, prevention, community assessment/program planning, health policy/law/ethics, leadership, health services, informatics, research, and grant writing were noted as skills needed. The results of this study are favorable for the future of advanced practice public health nursing practice and education. PMID:25802903
Sarkar, Norma; Dallwig, Amber; Abbott, Patricia
Community Health Nursing (N456) is a required senior clinical course in the undergraduate nursing curriculum at the University of Michigan in which students learn to assess and address the health of populations and communities. In 2012, we began our efforts to internationalize the curriculum using a globally engaged nursing education framework. Our goal is for all students to have an intercultural learning experience understanding that all students are unable to travel internationally. Therefore, this intercultural learning was implemented through a range of experiences including actual immersion, virtual activities (videoconferencing) and interventions with local vulnerable populations. Grants were obtained to provide immersion experiences in Quito, Ecuador and New Delhi, India. Several technologies were initiated with partner nursing schools in Leogane, Haiti and New Delhi, India. Weekly videoconferencing utilizing BlueJeans software and exchange of knowledge through the Knowledge Gateway facilitated intercultural exchange of knowledge and culture. Local clinical groups work with a variety of vulnerable populations. A private blog was developed for all sections to share community assessment data from local and international communities. Qualitative evaluation data was collected for local and international students to begin to assess cultural competence and student learning. Analysis of data documented increased awareness of culture and identified the many positive benefits of interaction with a global partner. PMID:25980716
Full Text Available Abstract Background Aims of the present study are the following: 1. to describe the rationale and methodology of the Services and Health for Elderly in Long TERm care (SHELTER study, a project funded by the European Union, aimed at implementing the interRAI instrument for Long Term Care Facilities (interRAI LTCF as a tool to assess and gather uniform information about nursing home (NH residents across different health systems in European countries; 2. to present the results about the test-retest and inter-rater reliability of the interRAI LTCF instrument translated into the languages of participating countries; 3 to illustrate the characteristics of NH residents at study entry. Methods A 12 months prospective cohort study was conducted in 57 NH in 7 EU countries (Czech Republic, England, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands and 1 non EU country (Israel. Weighted kappa coefficients were used to evaluate the reliability of interRAI LTCF items. Results Mean age of 4156 residents entering the study was 83.4 ± 9.4 years, 73% were female. ADL disability and cognitive impairment was observed in 81.3% and 68.0% of residents, respectively. Clinical complexity of residents was confirmed by a high prevalence of behavioral symptoms (27.5% of residents, falls (18.6%, pressure ulcers (10.4%, pain (36.0% and urinary incontinence (73.5%. Overall, 197 of the 198 the items tested met or exceeded standard cut-offs for acceptable test-retest and inter-rater reliability after translation into the target languages. Conclusion The interRAI LTCF appears to be a reliable instrument. It enables the creation of databases that can be used to govern the provision of long-term care across different health systems in Europe, to answer relevant research and policy questions and to compare characteristics of NH residents across countries, languages and cultures.
Leipert, B D
It is a well-known fact that nursing and feminism have enjoyed an uneasy alliance. In recent years, however, nursing has begun to recognize the importance of feminism. Nevertheless, the literature still rarely addresses the relevance of feminism for public health nursing. In this article, I articulate the relevance of feminism for public health nursing knowledge and practice. First, I define and describe feminism and public health nursing and then I discuss the importance of feminism for public health nursing practice. The importance of feminism for the metaparadigm concepts of public health nursing is then reviewed. Finally, I examine several existing challenges relating to feminism and public health nursing research, education, and practice. The thesis of this article is that feminism is vitally important for the development of public health nursing and for public health care. PMID:11569301
Redknap, Robina; Twigg, Di; Rock, Daniel; Towell, Amanda
Historically, mental health services have faced challenges in their ability to attract and retain a competent nursing workforce in the context of an overall nursing shortage. The current economic downturn has provided some respite; however, this is likely to be a temporary reprieve, with significant nursing shortages predicted for the future. Mental health services need to develop strategies to become more competitive if they are to attract and retain skilled nurses and avoid future shortages. Research demonstrates that creating and maintaining a positive nursing practice environment is one such strategy and an important area to consider when addressing nurse retention. This paper examines the impact the nursing practice environment has on nurse retention within the general and mental health settings. Findings indicate, that while there is a wealth of evidence to support the importance of a positive practice environment on nurse retention in the broader health system, there is little evidence specific to mental health. Further research of the mental health practice environment is required. PMID:25758289
Full Text Available Objectives: To evaluate English, Afrikaans, and Xhosa mother-retained Road-to- Health Book (RTH book for children, and an electronic calculator. Design: Researchers D Harrison (DH and H Harker (HH informed clinic staff about the contents and significance of the RTH book. They requested nurses to use this book in conjunction with the Road-to-Health Card and to issue and explain its use to every visiting client. The use of an electronic calculator that plotted horizontal centile and Z-score charts was demonstrated and explained. To determine the relevance of the book and the electronic calculator, nurses involved in the study for 6 months were given three standardised descriptive questionnaires with yes, no and dont know responses. Clients were traced and interviewed by the researchers after 6 -1 2 months to obtain their views on the book. Setting: Clinics that provided children with healthcare in 24 locations in the Western Cape Province participated in the study. The children lived in informal settlements, in low-, middle- and high-income residential areas, and on farms in the Cape Town. Stellenbosch, and Paarl regions. Subjects: One hundred and fourteen nurses were enrolled in the study as well as 581 clients to whom the RTH book was issued. Outcome measures: The use of and comments on the RTH book by nurses and clients were based on analysis of the questionnaires. Results: The majority of nurses (81.6% and clients (96% found the RTH book useful. The horizontal and Z-score growth charts and electronic calculator were less acceptable because their use was time-consuming and less well understood. Conclusion: The RTH book with appropriate modifications should be issued to clients in place of the current Road-to-Health card and educational material.
Miller, Judith L.; Sienkiewicz, Josephine I.
This paper describes the formation, benefits, and implication to nursing practice of an automated nursing information system in a community health agency based on a service provided framework. The design of the service provided coding system is described. Benefits and future implications to the community health agency are discussed.
Absulem, Said; Hardin, Heather
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) estimates that every year 44,000 to 98,000 people die due to errors in hospitals, costing approximately $37.6 billion each year (2000). However, limited data are available detailing the extent of healthcare errors outside of hospitals. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess how home health nurses perceive and deal with errors. A convenience sample of home health agencies (N = 33) located in a Southeastern state participated in the study. Packets containing sealed surveys, a flier, and a description of the study were mailed to the nurses. Nurses were asked to complete a survey about their most significant care error and how they responded. Results from the study on home health nurses' perceptions (N = 203) indicate that the perceived care errors were medication (40%), laboratory (15.5%), wound care (6.5%), scheduling and wrong patient visits (6%), teaching-care errors (5%), and needle sticks (1%). Medication errors remain the most commonly occurring error in the home healthcare area. PMID:21675394
Beitz, Jolene; de Castro, A.B
The use of pesticides in agriculture, public places, and private homes and gardens is ubiquitous throughout the United States. Children are particularly vulnerable to pesticide exposure because of immature biological and developmental processes. Thus, it is important that primary health care providers identify clients at risk for pesticide exposure and poisoning and know how to respond effectively if clients experience exposure. However, many primary health care providers are not adequately t...
Full Text Available The health of individuals occurs within the context of their environment and the other individuals they interact with in the communities they live in, work in and visit. Promoting the health of the public requires multiple strategies aimed at improving the environment, the health knowledge of groups and individuals, maintaining adequate food and water, and reducing the spread of disease. Many disciplines are needed to meet these goals, but the largest segment of the professional health work force required to meet these needs is nursing. Historically, nursing leaders in public health such as Florence Nightingale and Lillian Wald made significant inroads related to serious health issues because they were nurses. Today across the globe, nurses provide the key components of public health interventions including well baby care, health education, screening and immunization clinics, disaster management and emergency preparedness. With the growing nursing shortage in acute care settings, the brain drain of nurses from certain areas of the world, the shrinking public dollars for preventive health care, the nursing workforce needed to continue to provide these essential health care services is threatened. It is essential to put the spot light on nursings role in public health with the hopes of attracting more public funds and more nurses to provide these essential services.
Twenty-three public health schools and 492 university schools of nursing were surveyed to gather specific information on educational programs related to nuclear war. Twenty public health schools and 240 nursing schools responded. Nuclear war-related content was most likely to appear in disaster nursing and in environmental health courses. Three schools of public health report that they currently offer elective courses on nuclear war. Innovative curricula included political action projects for nuclear war prevention
HARRISON, D; H Harker; Hde V Heese; MD Mann
Objectives: To evaluate English, Afrikaans, and Xhosa mother-retained Road-to- Health Book (RTH book) for children, and an electronic calculator. Design: Researchers D Harrison (DH) and H Harker (HH) informed clinic staff about the contents and significance of the RTH book. They requested nurses to use this book in conjunction with the Road-to-Health Card and to issue and explain its use to every visiting client. The use of an electronic calculator that plotted horizontal centile and Z-sco...
Thomas James Virgona
A gap exists in technology demands in the nursing field as well as appropriate educational strategies to assist students in developing skills to meet these demands. This study assesses graduate nursing students perceived skills regarding specific technology related to health care. The results of a brief researcher-developed survey indicated that students perceived that technology skills were not critical to entering the nursing field, however, they were critical for their present positi...
Barker, Janet H.
There is a need to develop a clear understanding of the knowledge used by mental health nurses in day to day practice. Knowledge relating to holistic/therapeutic activities form the basis of mental health nurse education, however various studies have consistently shown the majority of mental health nurses activity relates to administrative and routine tasks and containment. This disparity between the knowledge bases prescribed, those described and the inability of education reforms to resolve...
Donna Shelley; Judith Haber; Dolce, Maria C.
Millions of Americans have unmet oral healthcare needs and profound oral health disparities persist in vulnerable and underserved populations, especially poor children, older adults, and racial and ethnic minorities. Nurses can play a significant role in improving the quality of oral health including access to care with appropriate education and training. The purpose of this paper is to describe New York University College of Nursing's response to this challenge. The Oral Health Nursing Educa...
French, Kempa S
Limited patient literacy contributes to poorer health status, increased emergency room and hospital use, higher morbidity and mortality rates, and less use of preventive health services. All patients, however, need health information that is accurate, accessible, and actionable to make informed decisions about their health. A universal health literacy precautions approach is recommended to empower patients through shared decision-making interactions. Consistent use of evidence-based health literacy practices by front-line nurses offers the potential for transformations in nursing care through stronger patient-nurse interactions and health system partnerships. PMID:25680489
Julio César, Cadena Estrada; Sandra Sonalí, Olvera Arreola; María Teresa, Pérez López; Carmen L., Balseiro Almario; Reyna, Matus Miranda.
Full Text Available Introducción: La capacitación de enfermería es un proceso permanente para adquirir, mantener, renovar, reforzar, actualizar e incrementar los conocimientos, es necesario conocer la opinión del personal respecto a la capacitación impartida por sus instituciones. Objetivo: Evaluar la capacitación del [...] personal de enfermería de dos Institutos Nacionales de Salud. Material y métodos: Estudio observacional comparativo y transversal. La muestra fue aleatoria sistematizada (n=415 enfermeras del área operativa). Se midieron tres dimensiones: planeación, desarrollo y evaluación. Datos recolectados con instrumento ex profeso autoadministrado de 38 ítems sometido a prueba piloto y confiabilidad. Los datos se analizaron con frecuencias, porcentajes, medidas de tendencia central, pruebas T Student, ANOVA de una vía, correlación Pearson y Spearman tomando estadísticamente significativo p Abstract in english Introduction: Nursing training is a permanent process to acquire, maintain, renew, strengthen, update, and increment knowledge, and because of this, it is necessary to know the staff's opinion about the nursing training offered by their institutions. Objective: To assess the nursing staff training a [...] t two National Institutes of Health. Materials and methods: Observational, comparative and basic study. The sample was random and systematized (n = 415 nurses from the operative area). Three dimensions were measured: planning, development, and evaluation. Data were collected through a unique self-administered 38 items instrument which was used for a pilot test and further tested for its confidence level Data were analyzed through frequencies, percentages, central tendency measures, student T tests, one way ANOVA, and Pearson and Spearman correlations, having p
Bahreini, Masoud; Moattari, Marzieh; Ahmadi, Fazlolah; Kaveh, Mohammad Hosein; Hayatdavoudy, Parichehr; Mirzaei, Mostafa
BACKGROUND: Nurses play a crucial role in patient-care. Therefore, assessing nurses clinical competence is essential to achieve qualified and safe care. The aim of this study was to determine and compare the competence assessments made by head nurses and practicing nurses in a university hospital in Iran in 2009. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to make comparisons of both self-assessment of nurse competence as well as assessment made by their respective head nurses working in a university hospital setting in Iran. The instrument employed for data collection was Nurse Competence Scale (NCS), whose reliability and validity have been previously confirmed. The clinical competence of the nurses in 73 skills under 7 categories was determined based on a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) (0 to 100). They were also asked to indicate the extent to which their competence was actually used in clinical practice on a four-point scale of Likert. The data was analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics. RESULTS: Comparison of self-assessment (87.03 ± 10.03) and the assessment done by head nurses (80.15 ± 15.54) showed a significant difference but no precise differences were found between the assessment methods for the frequency of using these competencies. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicated no consensus between the nurses owns assessment and their head nurse assessment. Therefore, it is necessary to use a combination of nurses competence assessment methods in order to reach a more valid and precise conclusion. PMID:22224112
Mental health service provision has traditionally been dominated by biomedical models of illness and disorder, a problem-based orientation, and the assessment and management of risk. While psychotherapeutic approaches are numerous and have been widely utilized, psychotropic medications, either as monotherapy or in conjunction with psychological therapies, remain the mainstay for the 'treatment' of mental health problems. This is despite growing uncertainty over the effectiveness of psychotropic medications (particularly antidepressants), as well as their potential for enduring and debilitating side-effects. This discussion paper outlines the emerging field of positive health, which eschews a psychiatric disorder and illness focus, and is instead oriented towards the identification of strengths, abilities, hopes, and the individual's preferred future. The shift in positive health, from illness towards wellness, aims to build health literacy and the capacity of individuals to make decisions conducive to health, and thereby make more effective the use of health-care services. A positioning of mental health nursing practice within a positive health paradigm is promoted. By illustration, a number of solution-focused mental health assessment questions are tabled to contrast the current format for mental health assessment, which rather than being 'comprehensive', is predominantly concerned only with problem and risk identification, and the search for pathology in the individual. PMID:23020848
Full Text Available Aims: The purpose of this study was to clarify the thought processes of nurses in performing nursing assessment. Methods: The participants comprised 20 nurses working in a surgery ward. Patient information on a case, including presenting illness, vital signs, and other findings from admission until 09:00 on the day after surgery, was shown to the participants. After reading the case report, the nurses presented their assessments. Based on these assessments, nursing problems, patient strengths, and patient information were identified. Nursing problems and patient strengths were described by various words and sentences, and were classified according to similar content. Results: The number of nursing problems ranged from 1 to 8 and patient strengths from 0 to 6 for each nurse. The mean number of nursing problems was 4.7 ± 1.8, and the mean number of patient strengths was 2.2 ± 1.4. The main nursing problems were respiratory complications, postoperative wound pain, and anxiety, and the main patient strength was family cooperation. Patient information as evidence of respiratory complications included history of smoking, chest radiography results, postoperative vital signs, sputum color and properties. Patient information as evidence of postoperative wound pain included complaints of pain, epidural anesthesia, use of patient-controlled anesthesia and its effect. Patient information indicating family cooperation included family structure, preoperative visits by family, and presence of family while providing informed consent. Significant differences were seen in the number of nursing problems and patient strengths according to cognitive style. Conclusions: Postoperative complications were the nursing problems most commonly extracted by nurses. To clarify nursing problems and patient strengths, the nurses made assessments on the basis of information such as patient complaints, vital signs, and test results. However, extracted nursing problems and patient strengths were diverse, suggesting that nursing problems and patient strengths as determined by nurses differed between individual nurses.
Full Text Available Donna Sabella, Theresa Fay-Hillier College of Nursing and Health Professions, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA Abstract: The current mental health care system in the US continues to struggle with providing adequate care and services to all that require it due to limited resources, biases from both other professions and the public, and the complexities of treatment of many of those individuals or populations that suffer from mental illness. Mental health nurses, also referred to as psychiatric nurses, are impacted by those same biases, limited resources, and complexities in their role. This paper provides a brief history of mental health nursing and a discussion of the current challenges faced within the profession. It will also include how the public's perception of both those who have mental illness and those who treat it is based on the sensationalism of those who are violent, and misunderstanding of current treatments. It is imperative that mental health nurses continue to define and educate other health care professionals as well as the general public of the role of the mental health nurse and those who suffer from mental illness. Unfortunately, some of the same bias that was present in the 1930s remains today, but perhaps with perseverance and education it will not continue into the future. Keywords: mental health, psychiatric nursing, pre- licensure, post-licensure challenges, professional obstacles, public perception
There has been a paradigm shift in community health nursing. In 1992, visiting nursing stations were first introduced. In 1994, the Community Health Act came into force and in recent years public health care insurance has become a major issue. In this paradigm shift, one of the roles of nursing in the community is to train people to become more autonomous as consumers of health care services, and to design and implement a system that enhances community members' health and provides support when they are ill. In 1990 and 1996, the national nursing curriculum was revised to reflect changes in the age of the population. Community health nursing now faces the challenge of developing a new nursing model that is in tune with Japanese cultural values. Dr. Katsunuma (1996) proposed two alternative approaches to health care services: the public health approach and the clinical approach. In this paper, it is suggested that home care offers a third alternative, which integrates the clinical approach with the public health approach. This third approach provides a paradigm for community health nursing that integrates individual health care with community health care. New roles and specialties for public health nurses include care management, care planning, community health nursing administration, and supervision. Community-based nursing centers that cooperate with schools of nursing will provide a setting and a concept for community health nursing. PMID:9444239
Kendrick, T.; Millar, E.; Burns, T.; Ross, F.
Around 25% of people with schizophrenia have no specialist contact, but are looked after entirely in general practice. We aimed to determine the involvement of practice nurses in administering depot neuroleptics, and their needs for training in patient assessment. Methods included a postal survey of all practice nurses in one health authority, and interviews with practice nurses and expert nurse advisers, to explore attitudes and knowledge. Of 140 practices, 93 employed 194 practice nurses be...
Barger, S E; Crumpton, R B
The authors describe an approach to bridging the education-practice gap in nursing through a joint venture between a nursing center in a college of nursing and a public health department. The purposes of the cooperative efforts are defined and the services described. Administrative problems and solutions in such a venture are explored and evaluation methods explained. Finally, opportunities for expansion of the venture are considered. PMID:1866091
Nursing leaders are currently faced with opportunities to advance nursings role in the use of electronic health records (EHRs). Nurse leaders can advance the design of EHRs with nurse informaticists to improve health outcomes of individual and populations of patients.
Redman, R. W.
Competent performance by health care professionals is expected throughout society. However, defining what it is and teaching students how to perform competently faces many challenges. This article provides a brief overview of the contemporary focus on competency assessment in nursing education. The redesigned nursing curriculum at the University of Colorado is presented as an exemplar of a practice-oriented model that requires competent performance among students. Methods for implementing a c...
Laura, Figueroa-Martín; Gonzalo, Duarte-Clíments; Teodoro, González-Pérez; Trinidad, Rufino-Delgado.
Full Text Available Objetivo: Identificar las preguntas clave para valorar la salud bucodental del anciano, cuestionarios disponibles en nuestro medio, y diagnósticos de enfermería relacionados. Método: Revisión sistemática de la literatura con búsqueda en Biblioteca Virtual de Salud, Medline, Cochrane Library, Joanna [...] Briggs Institute, Cuiden, INHATA y BiblioPro. Análisis de contenido de valoraciones enfermeras específicas y cuestionarios disponibles en nuestro medio. Selección de diagnósticos de enfermería relacionados mediante método Delphi. Resultado: Se encuentran 1949 artículos, se seleccionan 10. En nuestro medio se utiliza la propuesta de valoración de Gordon y la contenida en la historia clínica informatizada en Atención Primaria de Canarias, Drago-AP. Entre los cuestionarios que exploran la salud bucodental el OHIP-SP (Oral ImpactProfile- Spanish) se muestra como el más completo en constructo. A juicio de expertos, hay 29 diagnósticos enfermeros que guardan relación con la salud bucodental de los ancianos, de los cuales, 15 muestran correspondencia con apartados valorados en el OHIP-SP tras la revisión de las características definitorias. Conclusiones: Identificamos 5 preguntas clave, exploración, cuestionarios y 29 diagnósticos relacionados, de los cuales 14 amplían el cuestionario. Con estas herramientas se puede diseñar un plan de actuación dirigido al logro de resultados de salud bucodental en el anciano, y así, realizar cuidados destinados a la mejora de este aspecto de salud con amplia repercusión sobre la calidad de vida y la salud general. Abstract in english Objective: To identify the key questions to assess the oral health of the elderly, the questionnaires available in our environment for this assessment, and related nursing diagnoses. Method: A systematic review of the literature with a search performed with Biblioteca Virtual de Salud, Medline, Coch [...] rane Library, Joanna Briggs Institute, Cuiden, INHATA and BiblioPro. Analysis of contents of Nursing specific assessments and questionnaires available in our environment. Nursing diagnoses related selected through Delphi method. Result: 1949 are finded, 10are selected. In our environment the proposal of the Marjory Gordon's assessment and the valuation of the clinical history used in primary care Canaries, Drago-AP are applied. Among the questionnaires to explore the oral health, OHIP- SP (Oral Impact Profile- Spanish) is showed as the most complete construct. According to experts, there are 29 nursing diagnoses relevant to the oral health of older people, of which 15 show correspondence with items of the questionnaire OHIP- SP after the revision of the defining characteristics. Conclusion: We identified 5 key questions, exploration, questionnaires and 29 diagnoses related, which 14 extend the questionnaire. With these tools it can be designed an action plan directed to the achievement of oral health results on the elderly, and, by that, take care due to improve in this healthy aspect with abroad repercussion about the quality of life and health in general.
Hannah, Kathryn J.; White, Peggy A.; Nagle, Lynn M.; Pringle, Dorothy M.
The Canadian Health Outcomes for Better Information and Care (C-HOBIC) project introduced systematic use of standardized clinical nursing terminology for patient assessments. Implemented so far in three Canadian provinces, C-HOBIC comprises an innovative model for large-scale capture of standardized nursing-sensitive clinical outcomes data within electronic health records (EHRs). To support this activity, nursing assessment and outcomes concepts were mapped to the International Classification...
Schröder, Christina; Bänsch, Alexander; Schröder, Harry
Aims of this representative study were to assess the relevant differences between the work and organisational characteristics as well as the subjective resources and health status of nurses occupied in hospice care, compared to nurses from palliative stations. Further, the assessment of the predictive correlations between the work situation of this nurses as a factor influencing their health and perceived strains was also a leading intention.Method: In a written survey conducted in Germany in...
Combs-Orme, T; Reis, J.; Ward, L D
The effectiveness of public health nursing in promoting maternal and child health through home visits is summarized from empirical studies published between 1960 and 1984. Eight reports identified through a comprehensive reference search were first classified according to the components of nursing service studied (assessment, teaching, counseling or support, referral, and clinical services). The results of each study were then analyzed for study population characteristics, the research design...
Full Text Available Background: Nursing is one of the stressful jobs that affect nurse's general health. The aim of this study was assessment relationship between Spiritual intelligence, Hardiness and General health among nurses in the hospital of Bushehr in 1388. Methods: Cross- sectional study designed and 125 nurses who have been working in different wards of the hospital enrolled in the study. Data was collected using Spiritual intelligence, Hardiness, General health and characteristics demographic questionnaires. Correlation, t-test, ANOVA, Tukey and regression analysis was applied using SPSS-16 soft ware. Results: The results showed there was significant relationship between spiritual intelligence and hardiness (P<0.005, spiritual intelligence and General health (P<0.005, hardiness and General health (P<0.001. Among the demographic characteristics including age, gender, working section, marital status, job experiences, and education only working section showed significantly correlated with patience (P<0.005. Conclusion: Improvement of spiritual intelligence and reinforcement of hardiness could help to increase the general health of nurses.
Cheraghi, Mohammad Ali; Ghiyasvandian, Shahrzad; Aarabi, Akram
Presence of nurses in policy making will result improvement of nursing practice, and increase qualification of patients care, but still few nurses are involved in policy debates and health reforms and their status in policy making for nursing is not clear. The aim of this study was to elucidate Iranian nurses status in policy making for nursing in health system. This is a qualitative study. Using purposive sampling 22 participants were interviewed to gain deep understanding from the phenome...
In the final decades of the twentieth century world went through a complex process in political, technological, economic, social and health areas. In the process often referred to as globalization, many health problems including global spread have seen and many have still being seen. This situation obliges nurses who are the largest groups of health care providers, to be aware of health problems that result from globalization and to explore solutions these health problems requires them t...
Wistoft, Karen; Nordentoft, Helle Merete
This article examines the impact of a value-reflected approach in health education by demonstrating the nature of professional competence development connected to this approach. It is based on findings from two three-year health educational development projects carried out by school health nurses and researchers at primary schools in Denmark from 2004-2009. We argue for the importance of reflecting on values in school health nursing in order to navigate between human values and values deriving from medicine. Our studies demonstrate that value clarification, peer observation and reflective spaces at work develop pedagogical competences in health education improving school childrens health.
Nursing homes are considered lagging behind in adopting health information technology (HIT). Many studies have highlighted the use of HIT as a means of improving health care quality. However, these studies overwhelmingly do not provide empirical information proving that HIT can actually achieve these improvements. The main research goal of this
Adolescent units provide anonymous and free consultations with different health professionals. At the Maison de Solenn in Paris, the initial nurse consultation enables particular attention to be paid to the adolescent in a special health centre. The nurse is responsible for assessing the situation and orienting the adolescents to meet their specific needs. PMID:22616466
Black, Kirsten J; Wenger, Mary Beth; O' Fallon, Molly
Fidelity monitoring is a core component for successful translation of evidence-based interventions, yet little guidance is available on developing tools to assess intervention fidelity that are valid and feasible for use in community settings. We partnered with nurses in the field to develop a fidelity monitoring instrument that would capture the essential elements of the nursing intervention that is the core of Nurse-Family Partnership, a prenatal and early childhood home visitation program. Using a grounded approach, we employed concept mapping to identify the salient behavioral characteristics associated with the program, and then, adapting Dreyfus' model of skill development, created a tool to assess nurse home visitors (NHVs) according to their stage of growth. In a pilot, the Nursing Practice Assessment (NPA) form was used to assess 188 NHVs. The average time to complete the tool was 1?hour, and skill development stage was concordant with years of NHV experience. According to surveys of supervisors and NHVs, the tool captured the essential elements of the program model. Articulating the essential elements of each skill development stage can provide a foundation for professional development for NHVs. In response to feedback, online training modules were developed prior to large-scale implementation in the field. The grounded methods used to develop the NPA enhanced its internal consistency and implementation feasibility and could be utilized by other public health nursing programs. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25778796
Evmorfia Koukia; Sofia Zyga
Background: Psychiatric Nurses and nurses assistants working in an inpatient unit experience a significant number of critical cases. A small number of studies have explored which patients problems nurses perceive as critical case or incident and particularly which interventions they choose. Aim: The aim of the research was 1. To identify the clinical problems that mental health nurses and assistant nurses characterize as critical 2. To report the main nursing interventions 3. To investiga...
Mph, Nelcy Marti?nez
INTRODUCTION: Health systems and services research by nursing personnel could inform decisionmaking and nursing care, providing evidence concerning quality of and patient satisfaction. Such studies are rather uncommon in Cuban research institutes, where clinical research predominates. OBJECTIVE: Assess the results of a strategy implemented between 2008 and 2011 to develop nursing capacity for health systems and services research in 14 national research institutes based in Havana. METHODS: The...
Doody, Owen; Mcinerney, Paula; Linnane, Lynda
Nursing students, Paula and Lynda, reflect on their first academic assessment of their 4-year intellectual disability nursing course. The reflection is conducted by the second and third authors of this article and is guided by Gibbs (1998) cycle, highlighting the positive and negative aspects of their workbook assignment during their first academic semester. Overall, the use of the workbook as an assessment method enabled the students to discover the importance of time management, at...
Choochart Deeromram; Amorn Suwannimitr; Suwadee Jundeekrayom
Problem statement: In the literature, there is no consensus over what constitutes an appropriate model for mental health promotion among nursing students in Thailand. Approach: This quasi-experimental research was conducted to evaluate the effects of mental health promotion intervention. Several activities in this intervention were created for promoting sense of coherence which focused on the manipulation of both internal and external factors that effect mental health. Results: The results re...
Heermann, Judith A.; Warren, Judith J.
Challenged with the need to provide graduate education in nursing informatics across the state of Nebraska, an innovative curriculum was developed. This curriculum is integrated with other system-focused specialties (community health nursing and nursing administration) to form a Health Systems Nurse Specialist (HSNS) Program. The delivery of this curriculum was designed to be as independent of time and place as possible. Nurses especially in rural areas, have embraced this program as they can...
Full Text Available One of the most important organelles in the body is the mitochondria. It is crucial for generating energy and producing freeradicals. Mitochondrial health is essential to the prevention and treatment of diseases. However, cellular or molecularmechanisms such as mitochondrial dysfunction are not adequately addressed in the current essentials of the AmericanAssociation of Colleges of Nursing (AACN for all nursing programs. Thus, mitochondrial function content should beincorporated into all nursing curricula that are practice-based. In this article, we will review the anatomy and physiology ofthe mitochondria (i.e., coenzyme Q10, and the need to include mitochondrial health as a concept in nursing. We willpresent various diseases/conditions that are affected by mitochondrial dysfunction such as coronary artery disease,diabetes, and aging. In the future, with the expanding advances in the biological sciences, nurses need to learn more aboutcellular function particularly the mitochondria. Consequently, there should be a new emphasis on mitochondrial health bynurses in education and practice.
Fran H. Byrd
Full Text Available Background: From a multitude of recognized sources which include the PEW Commission, the Institute of Medicine, and the Citizen Advocacy Center as well as from healthcare consumers in general, there has been a persistent call for change in the processes used to demonstrate ongoing competency of health care professionals after initial licensure or certification in their specialty. In response to such long-standing demands for accountability, the Board of Directors of the National Certification Corporation (NCC, a nationally accredited, not-for-profit voluntary certification organization, approved development of a pilot project to address these concerns. The pilot projects major objective was to determine if NCC- certified nurses could appropriately self-assess their areas of strength and weakness related to the knowledge competencies for the active certification examination in their specialty. And further, to determine if the accuracy of their self-assessment of competency varied across subgroups for that specialty. Methods: Study participants were selected in three separate random samples from NCC-certified Womens Health Care Nurse Practitioners (WHNP. Common criteria used across all three sample groups included a certification maintenance cycle of 2009, stratification of the number of years of specialty experience based on NCC maintenance cycles and geographic distribution. The final sample sizes were 487, 485 and 476. Participants across all sample groups completed a survey instrument developed to obtain each individuals self-assessment of their knowledge competency in Gynecology, Obstetrics and Primary Care as subgroups covered in their core certification examination. Once the survey tool was completed, one of three forms of a 100 item test instrument was administered. Content in each of the forms was distributed as 50% gynecology, 30% obstetrics and 20% primary care. Sample One received a form in which all items represented entry into practice level; Sample Two was presented with items that reflected new information in the specialty field and Sample Three completed a form comprised of a combination of basic and new information. Results: The Pearson product moment correlation coefficients were calculated among the three separate self-assessed competency ratings and the four test scores (total, gynecology, obstetrics and primary care. Psychometric consideration of the results as a whole raised concerns about the substantive interpretation of correlation coefficient as an effect size and led to summary findings that did not support self-ratings as an accurate method of knowledge assessment in this population. A mechanism to directly examine knowledge competencies was recommended. In regard to the question of constituent accuracy of assessment across specialty subgroups, participants across all samples were found to be more accurate in self-assessing their weaknesses in gynecology and obstetrics than they were in primary care. Conclusions: Based on the overall findings of the pilot project, the NCC Board of Directors approved development of a Continuing Competency Initiative to transition certification maintenance from a constituent-assessed and selected continuing education process to a new format. As recommended by the study findings, the new Professional Development Maintenance Program is based on a third party administered evaluation tool to provide individualized direction for certification maintenance.
Nursing students represent one of the largest groups of students in higher education in Sweden. Their future occupation as registered nurses requires professional competencies including working on health promotion. However, nurses are frequently recognised as an occupational group with a high risk of impaired health due to stress in the working environment. Therefore, the higher educational institutions providing nursing education have an important role to play in the health...
Warren, Judith J.; Heermann, Judith A.
The Health Systems Nurse Specialist (HSNS) curriculum was developed in response to the changing needs in community health and administration graduate nursing education within Nebraska. These two specialties were integrated around a common focus of practicing within health care systems. One of the essential competencies of this specialty is the ability to identify, create, and use databases that support nursing practice. Therefore, nursing informatics was added as a core course.
Diers, Jane E.
The purpose of this research was to define professional communication in nursing and to develop a prototype to assess and appraise communication at a selected college. The research focused on verbal and nonverbal communication between the nurse and the client using a simulated environment. The first objective was to identify the major characteristics of professional communication in nursing. In this study, the characteristics of professional communication emerged from the constant comparison method of the results of research studies in the fields of healthcare and communication. These characteristics became the elements, representative properties, and descriptive dimensions to assess and appraise verbal and nonverbal communication at the college of study. The second objective was to develop a template to assess verbal and nonverbal communication at a selected college. Using a two-fold process, the researcher used the results from the first objective to begin template construction. First, specialists in the fields of communication and nursing established the content validity of the elements, representative properties, and descriptive dimensions. Second, the course educators determined the relevancy and importance of the elements, properties, and descriptive dimensions to the objectives of two courses at the college of study. The third objective was to develop a rubric to appraise nursing students' verbal and nonverbal communication in a videotaped communication review. An appraisal rubric was constructed from an extension of the template. This rubric was then tested by faculty at the selected college to appraise the communication of five students each in the junior and senior years of the nursing program.
Schofield, Ruth; Ganann, Rebecca; Brooks, Sandy; McGugan, Jennifer; Dalla Bona, Kim; Betker, Claire; Dilworth, Katie; Parton, Laurie; Reid-Haughian, Cheryl; Slepkov, Marlene; Watson, Cori
As health care is shifting from hospital to community, community health nurses (CHNs) are directly affected. This descriptive qualitative study sought to understand priority issues currently facing CHNs, explore development of a national vision for community health nursing, and develop recommendations to shape the future of the profession moving toward the year 2020. Focus groups and key informant interviews were conducted across Canada. Five key themes were identified: community health nursing in crisis now, a flawed health care system, responding to the public, vision for the future, and CHNs as solution makers. Key recommendations include developing a common definition and vision of community health nursing, collaborating on an aggressive plan to shift to a primary health care system, developing a comprehensive social marketing strategy, refocusing basic baccalaureate education, enhancing the capacity of community health researchers and knowledge in community health nursing, and establishing a community health nursing center of excellence. PMID:20660926
...manager. Research indicates nursing case management is a cost effective...practice to provide primary nursing care services. This project...phased approach, using the nursing process--assessment, planning...needed for the community based nurse case management model...
Lifestyle practices and the health promoting environment of hospital nurses This paper examined the lifestyle practices of hospital nurses and the impact of specific interventions in the hospital environment. The perception of nurse as health promoter and as carer of AIDS patients was also examined. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data at two different time periods. The sample represented 729 nurses (at pre- and post-time periods), both qualified and student nurses. Qualified nurses reported the highest stress levels while student nurses reported more negative lifestyle practices such as smoking, alcohol consumption and drug use. A greater number of current smokers (29%) consumed alcohol and used drugs than non-smokers. The impact of intervention strategies around compliance with smoking policy and work-site walk routes reduced exposure to passive smoking at work for qualified nurses and increased exercise participation for both groups of nurses. Workplace was identified as the main source of stress which included relationships at work and demands of the job. Hospital nurses experiencing high work stress were more likely to use professional support and personal coping (discuss problems with friends\\/family, have a good cry and eat more) than others. Nurses believed in the importance of health promotion as part of their work; however, qualified nurses felt more confident and gave more health related information than student nurses. Student nurses perceived a lower risk of contacting AIDS through work and a higher concern\\/worry in caring for AIDS patients than qualified nurses.
MPH, Nelcy Martínez.
Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Health systems and services research by nursing personnel could inform decisionmaking and nursing care, providing evidence concerning quality of and patient satisfaction. Such studies are rather uncommon in Cuban research institutes, where clinical research predominates. OBJECTIVE: Ass [...] ess the results of a strategy implemented between 2008 and 2011 to develop nursing capacity for health systems and services research in 14 national research institutes based in Havana. METHODS: The study comprised four stages: description of approaches to health systems and services research by nurses worldwide and in Cuba; analysis of current capacities for such research in Cuba; intervention design and implementation; and evaluation. Various techniques were used including: literature review, bibliometric analysis, questionnaire survey, consultation with experts, focus groups, and workshops for participant orientation and design and followup of research projects. Qualitative information reduction and quantitative information summary methods were used. Initially, 32 nursing managers participated; a further 105 nurses from the institutes were involved in research teams formed during intervention implementation. RESULTS: Of all published nursing research articles retrieved, 8.9% (185 of 2081) concerned health systems and services research, of which 26.5% (49 of 185) dealt with quality assessment. At baseline, 75% of Cuban nurses surveyed had poor knowledge of health systems and services research. Orientation, design and followup workshops for all institute teams developed individual and institutional capacity for health systems and services research. Post-intervention, 84.7% (27) of nurses reached good knowledge and 14.3% (5) fair; institutional research teams were formed and maintained in 9 institutes, and 13 projects designed and implemented (11 institutional, 2 addressing ministerial-level priorities) to research nursing issues at selected centers. CONCLUSIONS: A systematic strategy to build nursing capacity for health systems and services research can be effective in involving nurses in such research and in developing institutional support for it, fostering compliance with Cuban and international professional development priorities for nursing, as well as contributing to quality of patient services.
Willa Marlene Doswell; Betty Braxter; Annette DeVito Dabbs; Wendy Nilsen; Mary Lou Klem
Mobile health (mHealth) is a rapidly growing field providing the potential to enhance patient education, prevent disease, enhance diagnostics, improve treatment, lower health care costs and increase access to health care services, and advance evidence-based research. For the field of nursing the potential capabilities of mHealth are not only for patient care but for delivery of nursing education to our future practicing nurses, providing a means of communication between healthcare professio...
Research demonstrated nurses' education needs to be able to document nursing diagnoses, interventions and patient outcomes in the EHR. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of Guided Clinical Reasoning, a learning method to foster nurses' abilities in using standardized language. In a cluster randomized experimental study, nurses from 3 wards received Guided Clinical Reasoning (GCR), a learning method to foster nurses in stating nursing diagnoses, related interventions and outcomes. Three wards, receiving Classic Case Discussions, functioned as control group. The learning effect was measured by assessing the quality of 225 nursing documentations by applying 18 Likert-type items with a 0-4 scale of the measurement instrument "Quality of Nursing Diagnoses, Interventions and Outcomes" (Q-DIO). T-tests were applied to analyze pre-post intervention scores. GCR led to significantly higher quality of nursing diagnosis documentation; to etiology-specific nursing interventions and to enhanced nursing-sensitive patient outcomes. Before GCR, the pre-intervention mean in quality of nursing documentation was = 2.69 (post-intervention = 3.70; p<.0001). Similar results were found for nursing interventions and outcomes. In the control group, the quality remained unchanged. GCR supported nurses' abilities to state accurate nursing diagnoses, to select effective nursing interventions and to reach enhanced patient outcomes. Nursing diagnoses (NANDA-I) with related interventions and patient outcomes provide a knowledgebase for nurses to use standardized language in the EHR. PMID:19592861
Martin, Paul; Duffy, Tim; Johnston, Brian; Banks, Pauline; Harkess-Murphy, Eileen; Martin, Colin R
The European Family Health Nursing Project is a revitalized World Health Organization initiative led by the University of the West of Scotland. Partner countries include Armenia, Austria, Germany, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, and Spain. European Union Lifelong Learning funding was received in 2011 to facilitate a consistency of approach in the development of a definition of family health nursing, required core competencies and capabilities, and consequent education and training requirements. Global health challenges have informed the development of the project: increasingly aging populations, the increasing incidence in noncommunicable diseases that are currently the main cause of death, and the significant progress made in the way health systems have developed to meet the demands in relation to access and equality of health services. Governments and policy makers should develop a health workforce based on the principles of teamwork and interdisciplinarity while recognizing the core contribution of the "specialist generalist" role in the primary care setting. PMID:23288887
Capps, P A; Pinger, R R; Russell, K M; Wood, M L
A statewide assessment was conducted to determine the general knowledge and professional practices about Lyme disease (LD) of local health department nurses. The study sample included 226 nurses practicing in 80 health departments in Indiana. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire and analyzed using group independent t tests. Findings showed that nurses were most knowledgeable about personal protection against LD and least knowledgeable about symptoms, case definition, and reporting criteria. Nonbaccalaureate degreed nurses scored significantly higher on questions about LD than the baccalaureate or master's prepared nurses. Results point to the need for better dissemination of LD information among public health nurses, expanded LD education for the public, and further development of LD surveillance activities. PMID:10091472
Vahid Azizi; Mojgan Lotfi; Farzad Jalali
Introduction: much effort was conducted to support the use of electronic record systems in nursing process. Some of the most important reasons for its application are efficiency, security and the quality of the patients data registration. The purpose of this study is to present electronic registration software of patients, health assessment and to determine the attitude of nurses towards it. Methods: this is a R&D leading to construction of the patients health assessment software. In th...
National Academies Press, 2011
"The Future of Nursing" explores how nurses' roles, responsibilities, and education should change significantly to meet the increased demand for care that will be created by health care reform and to advance improvements in America's increasingly complex health system. At more than 3 million in number, nurses make up the single
Coenen, Amy; Kim, Tae Youn; Bartz, Claudia C; Jansen, Kay; Hardiker, Nicholas
The purpose of this study was to describe sets of nursing concepts including, for example, nursing diagnoses and interventions, which are knowledge-based and clinically relevant to support nursing practice. Health information systems using the International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP®) provide a platform for standardized nursing documentation for patients' health care, clinical decision support, and repositories for re-use of clinical data for quality evaluation, research, management decisions and policy development. Clinically relevant sets of ICNP concepts can facilitate implementation of health information systems for nursing. Descriptive analysis was used to examine the types of, and relationships among, existing nursing content sets. Findings included the need for various types of content sets, as represented in ICNP catalogues, for nursing documentation. Five types of ICNP Catalogues included Care Plans, Order Sets, Clinical Templates, Nursing Minimum Data Sets, and Terminology Subsets. PMID:22874359
Laffrey, S; Dickenson, D; Diem, E
Although many efforts have been made to articulate the nature of community health nursing practice, there continues to be a great deal of confusion about the roles and functions of community health nurses. This article reports a descriptive research study of the role identity and job satisfaction of 43 staff community health nurses practicing in home health care, generalized public health nursing, combined public health/home health care (PH/HHC), and specialized programmes. Although differences were found, the home health, generalized public health, and PH/HHC nurses shared a similar core identity. The major differences were seen for the nurses working in specialized programmes. No significant differences were found in job satisfaction among the four groups. PMID:9391351
Knecht, S. I.
The goal of this paper is to describe the establishment of a self-sustaining Student Learning Center (SLC) employing humanistic anatomical models to aid in the teaching of family planning and reproductive health clinical skills to nursing students in Nepal. In response to a local needs assessment a plan was developed to implement more thorough training of nursing students in family planning clinical skills. Nepalese nursing leaders worked together with a U.S. Non-Governmental Organization (NG...
Full Text Available Introduction: professional hazards create insecurity and frustration to nurses during their clinical work. Aim of this review is to present and analyze daily risks and aggravating factors during the clinical work of nurses. Method: a systematic evaluation of the International and Greek literature findings was undertaken, according to Rogers model of analysis. Results: the frame of analysis showed five categories of risks which include: Biological/contagious risks, Chemical factors, Environmental/mechanical risks, Physical dangers, Psychosocial risks. Discussion: biological dangers can be dealt with by using suitable equipment for trauma avoidance and careful execution of nursing tasks. Chemical risks, including exposure to chemotherapeutic medicines, can be prevented by using protective measures such as gloves, masks, goggles and special appliances for preparing medication. The mechanical strain of the musculaskeletical system should be limited by ergonomic equipment and education, while the physical factors such as noise requires depends also on the personal sensitivity of workers. Conclusions: many preventative measures are based simply on the modification and adoption of a new behaviour and do not demand financial resources or special equipment. The strong-will for protecting the health status of nursing staff and promoting the profession are the two main drives in improving nursing working like conditions and the administration of safe care.
Noel, Dianne L
Many health care and academic centers have adopted Watson's Theory of Human Caring as their guiding principle; the theory is also used in other disciplines, such as library science. Human caring theory offers occupational health nurses as structure that not only defines a focus for practice, but also provides a basis for moral and philosophical practice analyses. In particular, nurses may find this theory useful in confirming the definition of "caring" and reconsidering what nursing is all about. More importantly, consideration and application of this theory may lead to research on its applicability to the field of occupational health nursing. This article presents the science and philosophy of human caring, specifically Watson's Theory of Human Caring. Two case studies are presented that demonstrate how the theory could be used to evaluate occupational health nursing practice. To demonstrate its possible relevance as an occupational health nursing framework, an analysis of and comparison to existing occupational health nursing guidelines are detailed and discussed. PMID:20027992
Russell, Gail E; Fawcett, Jacqueline
A conceptual model of nursing and health policy was proposed by the authors in 2001. Revisions in the model have been made, and the model has been used to guide the evolution of a nursing doctoral program and doctoral dissertation research. The revised model provides a framework for analysis and evaluation of public, organizational, and professional policies influencing the quality, cost, and access to nursing and other health care services, as well as for nursing-discipline specific and health services research at any one of four interacting levels: Level 1--efficacy of nursing practice processes; Level 2--effectiveness of nursing practice processes and effectiveness and efficiency of health care delivery subsystems; Level 3--equity of access to effective and efficient nursing practice processes and efficient nursing practice delivery systems, and equity in distribution of costs and burdens of care delivery; Level 4--justice and the social changes and market interventions addressing equity. PMID:16443986
Montoya, Isaac D.; Kimball, Olive M.
Nurses comprise a significant portion of the work force in any health care organization. This work force is one having the maximum exposure to patients. Further, they work hand in hand with the various departments of the organization. Though an unintended consequence of nursing care, nurses form a potential marketing tool for any health care organization. In that marketing tool role, however, there are hindrances that nurses face. These may result in an unhappy work environment and potentiall...
In this thesis, the prevalence of Shift Work Disorder (SWD) in a sample of nurses, and the association between SWD and work characteristics, health outcome and personality (paper 1) have been investigated. Next, the psychometric properties of the Bergen Shift Work Sleep Questionnaire (BSWSQ) were evaluated (paper 2). The BSWSQ evaluates sleep and sleepiness problems in relation to day shifts, evening shifts, night shifts and rest-days. The validated BSWSQ was used to inve...
Objective Nursing directors in mental health services hold important leadership positions that include responsibility for the nursing workforce. The comprehensive or generalist approach to undergraduate nursing education consistently poses significant recruitment problems. Specialisation in mental health within Bachelor of Nursing programs has been suggested as a potential solution. This paper presents the views and opinions of mental health nursing directors regarding undergraduate specialisation. Methods A qualitative exploratory study was undertaken. Thirteen nursing directors from Queensland Mental Health Services participated in an in-depth telephone interview. The data were analysed thematically. Results Nursing directors were very supportive of specialisation in mental health at the undergraduate level. Thematic analysis revealed four main themes: perceived advantages of the specialist stream; knowledge and experience; increased recruitment; and commitment. Conclusions Nursing directors are important stakeholders in educational preparation for practice in mental health settings. The research participants described many potential benefits to undergraduate specialisation. Their voice provides an important contribution to this issue. What is known about the topic? The current model of nurse education in Australia aims to prepare graduates for practice in a broad range of healthcare settings with specialisation occurring at the postgraduate level. Mental health nursing is identified as one of the least popular career options for nursing graduates, and mental health services struggle to recruit sufficient graduates for their nursing workforce; this is attributed, at least in part, to the current model of education. What does this paper add? This paper gives voice to the perspectives of nursing directors from the mental health service delivery sector about the educational preparation for nursing practice in mental health. Nursing directors support the introduction of specialist preparation in mental health nursing at the undergraduate level. A more skilled and committed workforce is seen as contributing to addressing current recruitment problems. What are the implications for practitioners? The educational preparation for nursing graduates for mental health practice impacts significantly on nursing leaders, and their perspective is essential in addressing the debate. Mental health nursing directors need to be formally recognised as key stakeholders in the preparation of nursing graduates. PMID:25514568
Mahmoud Al Kalaldeh
Full Text Available Introduction: Nutritional assessment is a prerequisite for nutritional delivery. Patients in intensive care suffer from under-nutrition and nutritional failure due to poor assessment. Nursing ability to early detect nutritional failure is the key for minimizing imparities in practice and attaining nutritional goals. Aim of this article is to examine the ability of Jordanian ICU nurses to assess the nutritional status of critically ill patients, considering biophysical and biochemical measures.Methods: This cross sectional study recruited nurses from different health sectors in Jordan. ICU nurses from the governmental sector (two hospitals and private sectors (two hospitals were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. Nurses' knowledge and responsibility towards nutritional assessment were examined.Results: A total of 220 nurses from both sectors have completed the questionnaire. Nurses were consistent in regard to knowledge, responsibility, and documentation of nutritional assessment. Nurses in the governmental hospitals inappropriately perceived the application of aspiration reduction measures. However, they scored higher in applying physical examination and anthropometric assessment. Although both nurses claimed higher use of biochemical measurements, biophysical measurements were less frequently used. Older nurses with longer clinical experience exhibited better adherence to biophysical measurement than younger nurses.Conclusion: Nursing nutritional assessment is still suboptimal to attain nutritional goals. Assessment of body weight, history of nutrition intake, severity of illness, and function of gastrointestinal tract should be considered over measuring albumin and pre-albumin levels. A well-defined evidence-based protocol as well as a multidisciplinary nutritional team for nutritional assessment is the best to minimize episodes of under-nutrition.
Isaac D. Montoya
Full Text Available Nurses comprise a significant portion of the work force in any health care organization. This work force is one having the maximum exposure to patients. Further, they work hand in hand with the various departments of the organization. Though an unintended consequence of nursing care, nurses form a potential marketing tool for any health care organization. In that marketing tool role, however, there are hindrances that nurses face. These may result in an unhappy work environment and potentially impact the overall image of the organization. Added to this, nurses may not always be equipped with the knowledge and expertise they need to meet current demands of their position and thus not promote the best nursing role for marketing purposes. Interestingly, good nursing care goes hand-in-hand with good marketing efforts in spite of this being an unintended consequence. The promotion of a strong and highly capable nursing image is an important strategy in marketing of health care services. The evolution of professional organizations and accreditation agencies has resulted in setting specific standards of practice for nursing graduates. These standards help to ensure delivery of patient care of some predetermined quality. Indirectly this offers marketability to the organization by promotion of the nursing image. At the executive level, nurse leaders can play an important role in development of nursing strategy formulation and at the same time influence strategic marketing design. This paper provides an overview of the role nurses may play in certain aspects of marketing.
Full Text Available Objective: This descriptive study was planned to determine the behavior of a healthy lifestyle in nursing students who assume the role of nursing care services and education in their future lives. Material-Method: The research was conducted in Hitit University School of Health in November-December 2011. All of the 262 students who were studying in the Department of Nursing were included in the study. The survey was applied to 234 students whom can be accessed. A questionnaire included descriptive items and health perceptions of students with the 48-item scale consists of healthy lifestyle behaviors (HPLP was used as a tool for collecting the data. Results: The mean age of students who participated in this study was 20.40±1.96. The 72.6% of students were female and 27.4% were male, 67.1% of declared that their levels of economic status was moderate, 14.1% of currently smoked, and 70.1% of general health situation was good. It was seen that the average scale scores of HPLP was 121.57±19, 65. The total mean score is 2.53 ± 0:11 according to four scale of likert. The lowest mean score obtained from the subscales was exercise and the highest scores were interpersonal support and self-realization. Total scores of female students taken from the scale of healthy lifestyle behaviors were lower than the male students, but no significant difference was found between the groups. Exercise and stress management scores were higher in male students and the difference between the groups was statistically significant (p<0.05. Health responsibility subscale was highest in second year students. The average scores of self-realization and nutrition sub-groups were high in students whose perception of general health as "good". Conclusion: We determined that student scores taken from healthy lifestyle behaviors scale was moderate level. The issues about health protection and health promotion should be more take place in nursing school curricula. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2013; 12(3.000: 261-270
Rieder, Barbara A.
The role of public health nurses in the health care of infants and children prenatally exposed to drugs is discussed. Such nurses work in the family setting to promote health and prevent disease. Concepts of Kathryn Barnard have been used to develop policies and protocols for services to families with infants exposed to controlled substances. (GH)
Gürda? Topkaya, Sati; Kaya, Nurten
This descriptive and cross-sectional study was designed to address nurses' computer literacy and attitudes towards the use of computers in health care and to determine the correlation between these two variables. This study was conducted with the participation of 688 nurses who worked at two university-affiliated hospitals. These nurses were chosen using a stratified random sampling method. The data were collected using the Multicomponent Assessment of Computer Literacy and the Pretest for Attitudes Towards Computers in Healthcare Assessment Scale v. 2. The nurses, in general, had positive attitudes towards computers, and their computer literacy was good. Computer literacy in general had significant positive correlations with individual elements of computer competency and with attitudes towards computers. If the computer is to be an effective and beneficial part of the health-care system, it is necessary to help nurses improve their computer competency. PMID:24804813
Hurtado, David A; Nelson, Candace C; Hashimoto, Dean; Sorensen, Glorian
Meal breaks promote occupational health and safety; however, less is known about supervisors' support for nurses' meal breaks. In this study, the researchers tested whether the frequency of meal breaks was positively related to supervisors' support of nurses' meal breaks, and whether more frequent meal breaks were associated with less psychological distress. This study is based on a cross-sectional survey of 1,595 hospital nurses working on 85 units supervised by nursing directors. Specific meal-break support was measured at the nursing director level; frequency of meal breaks and psychological distress were measured at the individual nurse level. Multilevel adjusted models showed a positive association between supervisors' support for meal breaks and the frequency of nurses' meal breaks (? = .16, p < .001). Moreover, nurses who took meal breaks more frequently reported lower psychological distress (? = -.09, p < .05). Meal breaks might be daily opportunities to promote mental health and fatigue recovery and provide downtime. PMID:25994975
Full Text Available Aims of this representative study were to assess the relevant differences between the work and organisational characteristics as well as the subjective resources and health status of nurses occupied in hospice care, compared to nurses from palliative stations. Further, the assessment of the predictive correlations between the work situation of this nurses as a factor influencing their health and perceived strains was also a leading intention.Method: In a written survey conducted in Germany in 2001, 820 nursing staff of 113 palliative stations and stationary hospices were included. A qualified diagnostic procedure for the assessment of health promoting work was implemented. In order of obtaining a secure comparison, a sample of 320 nurses working in 12 homes for old people in Saxony was also considered.Results: The nurses referred generally to favourable working conditions, still they informed about deficiencies in the perceived participation, organizational benefits and experienced gratification. Hospice nurses experienced overall more favourable work conditions than palliative nurses or than the staff of homes for old people (regarding identification with the institution, organizational benefits, accurate gratification and little time pressure during work. Hospice personnel were psychologically and physically healthier than the staff of palliative stations. Important predictors for health stability that could be assessed by multiple regression analysis were: positively evaluated work contents, the identification with the institution, little time pressure and a positive working atmosphere.Conclusions: The assessed organisational framework is generally more favourable in the institutions of professional terminal care than in common hospitals and homes for old people. Therefore, the conditions in hospices could have a modelling function for the inner-institutional work organisation and for the anchorage of the intrinsic motivation of nurses in the health care system.
Bani, Ibrahim A.
This paper takes a public health approach to briefly examine: (i) the concept of community health care need assessment; (ii) the roles of academic institutions in health needs assessment; (iii) Jazan study to address the health care needs in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. The methods included an analysis of the literature, distillation of experience from the recently Jazan Health Need Assessment Survey, and WHO reports. The most important perceived health problems in Jazan region are shortage of...
The purpose of this research was to explore the mental health and well-being of Muslim nursing students in Thailand. Specifically, the study investigated the factors that impact anxiety and depression among Muslim nursing students. This cross-sectional research was conducted with a half sampling method of Muslim undergraduate students who were studying at a public nursing college in Thailand. From the 220 self-identified Muslim nursing students, 110 were sampled for this study, representing 1...
Galimany Masclans, Jordi; Garrido Aguilar, Eva; Girbau i García, M. Rosa; Lluch Canut, Ma. Teresa; Fabrellas i Padrès, Núria
This study was aimed to analyze and assess the use and perception of electronic health records (EHRs) by nurses. The study sample included 113 nurses from different shifts of primary health facilities in Catalonia, Spain, devoted to adult as well as pediatric outpatients using EHRs throughout the year 2010. A majority of the sample (87.5%) were women and 12.5% were men. The average age was 44.27 years and the average time working in primary healthcare was 47.15 months. A majority (80.4%) rece...
The steady evolution of domestic industries and the continued expansion of the workforce have outdated Taiwan's traditional model of occupational health nursing, which focuses on preventing work-related diseases and ensuring workplace safety. Professional-competency evaluations, now widely used within the medical and other professional communities to confirm that individuals have mastered relevant knowledge and skills, are a fixture in service quality management and related strategies. Occupational health nurses have a critical role in promoting and ensuring the quality of occupational-health related services. A multifaceted strategy is needed to update the domestic model of occupational health nursing. This strategy should include: 1) Set professional standards and create standard teaching materials for national occupational health nurses; 2) Enhance the professional efficacy of nurses in this field; 3) Survey the relevant role functions and education/training needs of occupational health nurses; 4) Develop relevant elective courses; and 5) Format courses/curricula for e-learning and for multimedia platforms. Furthermore, after implementation of this strategy, the model should be evaluated in terms of the knowledge and skills acquired by occupational health nurses. It is hoped that by reflecting local needs and experiences this new model will update the field of occupational health nursing to meet the needs of the current and future workplace in Taiwan and increase nursing knowledge and skills in order to foster and sustain healthy workplace environments. PMID:24899556
Willa Marlene Doswell
Full Text Available Mobile health (mHealth is a rapidly growing field providing the potential to enhance patient education, prevent disease, enhance diagnostics, improve treatment, lower health care costs and increase access to health care services, and advance evidence-based research. For the field of nursing the potential capabilities of mHealth are not only for patient care but for delivery of nursing education to our future practicing nurses, providing a means of communication between healthcare professionals located close and at greater geographic distances, and provides access to information and personal monitoring for geographically isolated clients. Although mHealth capabilities value appears significant for training, and practice, there remains a significant need for research and evaluation of the devices that now appearing in the health care marketplace. The National Institute of Nursing Researchs strategic plan includes supporting research to develop and test the flood of health apps to assist clients in the management of their health. The purposes of this paper are to: 1 discuss the importance of mHealth in nursing practice, education, and research, and 2 describe the mHealth initiatives underway at the University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing as exemplars to stimulate mHealth research and promote nursing role in providing health care to patients in this age of information technology.
Milosevic, Mladen; Jovanov, Emil; Frith, Karen H
This article presents a research methodology for analysis of stress effects and allostatic load of nurses during daily activities. Stress-related health issues are critical in healthcare workers, in particular nurses. Typical causes of stress include inadequate staffing of nurses for the number and acuity of patients, dealing with difficult patients and families, and lack of autonomy in care delivery decisions. This is all compounded by lack of recovery time while on shift, variable shifts with limited recovery time between days worked, and fatigue from dealing with difficult patients, families, and healthcare workers. Under unresolved stress, the heart rate and other vital parameters may fail to return to the baseline. This study examined the physiological responses of nurses during care on a high-fidelity patient simulation to develop a research methodology and identify physiological parameters suitable for real-time assessment of allostatic load during work. Our results demonstrated that heart rate and heart rate variability can be reliably measured using wearable sensors to assess allostatic load. During this study and our previous related work, we acquired valuable experience regarding selection and deployment of commercially available sensors, system integration, recruitment of subjects, and general research methodology. The research methodology developed and presented in this article can be applied to a number of other applications and experimental protocols. PMID:24113163
Ross, J D; Kettles, A M
This paper reports a pilot study exploring mental health nurse prescribers' perceptions of barriers to prescribing independently but also includes perceptions of barriers to supplementary prescribing. Current prescribing practice as experienced by mental health nurses suggests a need to identify and highlight these barriers. A mixed methodology explanatory sequential study was carried out over 3 months in Scotland in 2008 as part of a Master's degree. A questionnaire was completed by 33 mental health nurse prescribers. A focus group was conducted with 12 mental health nurse prescribers. Participants' views exposed a number of barriers to prescribing previously unidentified in a review of the relevant literature, and concurred with some previously documented barriers. Sixty per cent of mental health nurse prescribers in the study were not prescribing. Barriers identified in the study included concern about how prescribing impacts on the therapeutic relationship, role conflict, lack of support, inappropriateness of prescriber training, remuneration, qualifying to prescribing time, supervision, prescribing policies, clinical governance and nurse management. Nurse prescribing involves increased accountability and responsibility which is not currently recognized in job status or pay banding. Mental health nurse prescribing has the potential to enhance service provision, but until barriers to prescribing have been identified and addressed as part of the process of organizational change, nurse prescribing cannot achieve its maximum potential. PMID:22295995
Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Wistoft, Karen
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process and learning outcomes of peer collaboration in a Danish health developmental project in school health nursing. The paper explores how peer collaboration influences the school nurses collaborative learning and competence development. Design/methodology/approach The article is based on data from a three-year health educational development project at primary schools in Denmark. These data are a) Observations from 12 reflective workshops with school nurses b) Two questionnaire surveys c) 5 focus group interviews with 5 of the 6 subprojects after the project was over. In the workshops, the questionnaire surveys and the focus group interviews the school nurses were asked to reflect on the developmental process, their collaboration, own and mutual pedagogical competence development. Findings Systematic peer collaboration between school nurses qualify a) their learning and ability to reflect on practice b) their communication with colleagues and children c) the development of new and innovative approaches to school health nursing. The introduction of peer collaboration, however, takes time and energy and it can be challenge to introduce peer collaboration in a working culture in which school nurses traditionally work alone under a prominent work and time pressure. Research limitations/implications The study is explorative. Further research may explore the connection between collaborative learning among school nurses and the development of their competences in school health nursing. Practical implications The paper outlines how and why collaboration among school nurses should be introduced in a more systematic way in school health nursing. Originality/value The paper investigates the connection between informal educational activities for SNs and possible learning outcomes for practice. Specifically the paper looks into different ways SNs collaborate and the findings contribute to new understandings of how SNs practice can be organisedin order to stimulate the nurses participation and collaborative learning and increase the quality of school health nursing.
Hawkins, J W; Hayes, E R; Corliss, C P
In October 1902, Lina Lavanche Rogers began her work in the New York City schools as the first school nurse in the United States. The purpose of this research was to examine the evolution of school nursing as it exemplifies development of a public health nursing specialty. Historiographic methodology was used. Primary sources included materials written by pioneers in school nursing. Secondary sources included journals, books, newspapers, biographical materials, and unpublished materials from the archives of health care and educational institutions and agencies. Public health nurses in 1902 had a model for practice that was considerably more independent and interdependent than that characterizing the practice of hospital nurses. From its origins in public health nursing, the role of the school nurse shrunk in many school systems to that of dispenser of bandages and aspirins, only to return once more to an advanced practice model. HIV, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted diseases, addiction, and violence have returned and/or replaced the contagious diseases of 1902 and the early years of school nursing. New immigrants, poverty, homelessness, and lack of primary care offer challenges to school nurses to meet the needs of schoolchildren and their families in the 1900s. PMID:7870660
Porr, Caroline J
This Clinical Concepts article concerns the relational tools required by public health nurses to establish relationships with single mothers living on public assistance, mothers who are vulnerable and often stigmatized. The implications of stigmatization for relationship building are highlighted based on previous research investigating how public health nurses working in Canadian jurisdictions establish professional caring relationships with this cohort of mothers. Public health nurses employed interactional strategies including engaging in a positive manner and offering verbal commendations which served as effective relational tools to break through mothers' walls of defensiveness and to resume the dynamic process of relationship building. Building Relationship is a key practice standard for public health nurses and is instrumental to their work at both individual and community levels to improve social determinants of health. The author concludes with recommendations to facilitate building relationships during everyday public health nursing practice. PMID:24320117
Witt, Regina R.; Maria Cecília Puntel de Almeida; Vivian Elizabeth Araujo
An investigation on nurses´ primary health care practice was developed to identify and analyze nurses general and specific competencies at the Brazilian Health System. This quantitative-qualitative research adopted the Delphi Technique as a method of study. Two groups of participants were selected. Fifty-two nurses and fifty-seven specialists accepted to participate in the study. Questionnaires were developed for data collection, including a Likert scale. A 75 percentage was adopted as a ...
Welsh, I; Lyons, C M
This paper provides empirical evidence that challenges the view that methods of clinical assessment and decision making should not rely solely on logical positivist approaches. Whilst the National Health Service (NHS) Executive currently takes a hard positivist line on what constitutes evidence-based practice, data reveal that it is not always appropriate to disregard the tacit knowledge and intuition of experienced practitioners when making assessment decisions in mental health nursing practice. Data support the case for a holistic approach which may draw on intuition and tacit knowledge, as well as traditional approaches, to meet the requirements of clients with complex mental health problems. A model based on Schon's notion of reflection in and reflection on practice is proposed which demonstrates the value of intuition and tacit knowledge. This model allows the generation of insights which may ultimately be demonstrated to be acceptable and empirically testable. It is accepted that an element of risk taking is inevitable, but the inclusion of a formal analytical process into the model reduces the likelihood of inappropriate care interventions. The cognitive processes which experienced nurses use to make clinical decisions and their implications for practice will be explored. PMID:11882142
Cohen, S S; Milone-Nuzzo, P
Knowledge of health policy is an increasingly important aspect of nursing practice and education, especially as nurses strive to improve the rapidly changing health care delivery system. At the same time, many educators, researchers, foundations, and government officials are touting the benefits of service learning. In particular, service learning offers ways to enhance partnerships between academia and community agencies and to extend learning beyond the traditional classroom. We present a model for educating nurses as advanced practice nurses in health policy that links service learning with a framework for the political development of nurses. Under the rubric of service learning, the curriculum is based on the overlap among health policy, the role of the nurse as consultant, and community-based care. After discussing the importance of health policy for graduate nursing education and reviewing the essentials of service learning, we describe a three-semester graduate sequence in health policy service learning. The focus is on the clinical and classroom components of both individual and group practica and their relationship to stages of nursing's political development. The article concludes with evaluation considerations and the implications of our work for nursing theory, research, practice, and education. PMID:11225048
Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Wistoft, Karen
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process and learning outcomes of peer collaboration in a Danish health developmental project in school health nursing. The paper explores how peer collaboration influences the school nurses' collaborative learning and competence development. Design/methodology/approach: The article is based
Hein, Laura C; Scharer, Kathleen M
This paper discusses the progression of developments in psychiatric-mental health nursing from the 1960s to the present. The 1960s were a time of shortage of psychiatric APRNs, with legislation expanding the availability of mental health services. We find ourselves in a similar time with 7 million new health insurance enrollees, because of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The expansion of health insurance coverage comes at a time when some colleges of nursing are closing master's programs in psychiatric-mental health, in lieu of the DNP mandate from the American Association of Colleges of Nursing. Is history repeating itself? PMID:25634875
Full Text Available Robert ?lusarz,1 Monika Biercewicz,2 Ewa Barczykowska,3 Beata Haor,4 Mariola G?owacka5 1Neurological and Neurosurgical Nursing Department, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Bydgoszcz, 2Clinic of Geriatrics, 3Nursing Department, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, 4Faculty of Health Science, University of Humanities and Economics in Wloclawek, Wloclawek, 5Institute of Health Sciences, State School of Higher Professional Education in Plock, Plock, Poland Background: One of the elements influencing the assessment of nursing care quality is the assessment of the nurses functions that determine the nurses particular tasks. The aim of this work was to assess selected tasks involved in the nurses caring function, which influence nursing care quality on neurosurgical wards, on the basis of patients and nursing staffs opinions.Materials and methods: The research was carried out on neurosurgical wards in Poland on a group of 455 patients and 75 nurses. In order to assess nursing care quality, an authors original questionnaire (Questionnaire Patient Satisfaction was used.Results: Statistically significant differences concerned particular groups (both patients and nurses in the assessment of selected issues: providing information about performed activities and operations (P=0.000 and P=0.040, respecting personal dignity and assuring discretion during the operations (P=0.000 and P=0.001, speed of response to patients requests (P=0.000 and P=0.000, time availability of nurses for the patient (P=0.000 and P=0.000, providing information about further self-care at home (P=0.032, P=0.008, and nurses attitude (kindness, courtesy, tenderness, care to patients (patients assessment only P=0.000.Conclusion: Selected tasks in the field of the caring function of nurses were assessed differently by particular groups. There were no statistically significant differences in the assessment of particular tasks in the opinions of patients and nurses, which means that both examined groups similarly assessed tasks involved in the nurses caring function, which influence nursing care quality. Keywords: care quality, caring function, nurse, neurosurgery
Piper, Barbara F.; Borneman, Tami; Sun, Virginia Chih-yi; Koczywas, Marianna; Uman, Gwen; Ferrell, Betty; James, Raysenia L.
Despite the availability of the National Comprehensive Cancer Networks (NCCN) evidence-based practice guidelines for the assessment and management of Cancer-Related Fatigue (CRF), assessment of CRF still is not routinely performed at many institutions and oncology practice settings. Numerous patient-, provider-, and system-related barriers exist that hinder the translation of these guidelines into practice by oncology nurses and other health care providers. Oncology nurses can play vital r...
Sarikonda-Woitas, Candace; Robinson, Janet Hoey
Nurse administrators must become more involved in the policy debates concerning universal access to care and allocation of health care resources. In order to promote nursing's agenda in the policy debates, nurses must be familiar with the numerous ethical issues that impact macroallocation decisions. This article explores the ethical viewpoint of the nursing profession as it relates to allocation decisions and examines how the ethical principles of the nursing profession, along with the ethical theories of egalitarianism and utilitarianism, can be used throughout the policy process to guide the development of a plan for universal access to care. PMID:12154632
Public health nurses in Ireland are generalist practitioners with a wide range of roles that address the needs of clients in the community across their lifespan. Child protection is one of many of the roles of Irish public health nurses. However, with increasing caseloads, birth rates and aging populations, their child protection role is becoming more difficult to define and practise safely. This paper presents a key finding of a qualitative study that explored the views of a group of public health nurses (n = 10) regarding their role with pre-school children. A significant theme following analysis of the interviews were the nurses\\' expressed concerns on their role in child protection. There is a need to define the role practised by public health nurses in child protection and to achieve a standard for this nationally.
Rickard, Megan L.; Hendershot, Candace; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Price, James H.; Thompson, Amy
Background: From January through June 2009, 6.1 million children were uninsured in the United States. On average, students with health insurance are healthier and as a result are more likely to be academically successful. Some schools help students obtain health insurance with the help of school nurses. Methods: This study assessed public school
Mccurdy, Leyla Erk; Roberts, James; Rogers, Bonnie; Love, Rebecca; Etzel, Ruth; Paulson, Jerome; Witherspoon, Nsedu Obot; Dearry, Allen
Pediatric medical and nursing education currently lacks the environmental health content necessary to appropriately prepare pediatric health care professionals to prevent, recognize, manage, and treat environmental-exposurerelated disease. Leading health institutions have recognized the need for improvements in health professionals environmental health education. Parents are seeking answers about the impact of environmental toxicants on their children. Given the biologic, psychological,...
Pozzi, C L
1. Nurses are inherent investigators through the use of observation, data gathering, and documentation techniques. 2. Occupational health nurses may be involved in assisting with or evaluating workplace accidents, injuries, and deaths. These investigations may be the only critical information gathered. 3. Accurate and through investigations are critical for clients, physicians, insurance companies, medical investigators, law enforcement, legal proceedings, and the company. Utilizing improper techniques during accident investigations could potentially dismiss a litigation case or lead to hazardous situations. 4. The occupational health nurse can improve practices related to investigations by understanding and learning more about forensic nursing. PMID:9043220
Southern Nevada nurse employers are resistant to hiring new graduate nurses (NGNs) because of their difficulties in making the transition into the workplace. At the same time, employers consider nurse residencies cost-prohibitive. Therefore, an alternative strategy was developed to assist employers with increasing the effectiveness of existing NGN orientation programs. A needs assessment of NGNs, employers, and nursing educators was completed, and the results were used to develop a toolkit for employers. PMID:22449877
Background: The purpose of this study was to describe the influence of organizational variables on hospital staff nurses job performance as reported by staff nurses in two cities in Turkey. Hospital ownership status, employment status were examined for their effect on this influence.Methods: The reported influence of organizational variables on job performance was measured by a questionnaire developed for this study. Nurses were asked to evaluate the influence of 28 organizational variables ...
Maíra Muniz Assis, Selma Petra Chaves Sá, Acácia Vidon, Vilma Duarte Câmara, Giselle Evangelista, Marcelle Nolasco, Wilayne Atanázio dos Santos
Full Text Available Objective: to search in specific nursing literature productions that highlights the performing of waiting room with elderly people. Methodology the approach used was descriptive about the waiting room next to the elderly. For the development of this research was used as a source for the survey of scientific production, the Virtual Health Library (VHL. We selected three databases for the search of studies: LILACS BEDENF, SCIELO. The operationalization of the survey was used keywords, since the term waiting room is not understood as a descriptor. Thus, we used the following words: waiting room and Nursing, with booleadores and in free form. Results: the study allowed to point that the literature about this subject is short. Conclusion: productions are not focusing the witting room as an activity for the elderly one, although it may serve as a space for experience exchange, a stimulus for the exercise of citizenship and health promotion.
Full Text Available We evaluated the psychological distress using a scale of the K6, the 6-item scale of psychological distress on public health nurse in Kagawa prefecture, Japan. We send the questionnaire to all public health nurses (n = 419 in Kagawa prefecture. Then, a total of 256 public health nurses (1 man and 255 women, had completely answered the questionnaires, were analyzed in a cross-sectional investigation study. The association between psychological distress and considerable factors were evaluated by using the K6, with psychological distress defined as 13 or more points out of a total of 24 points. A total of 15 public health nurses (5.9% were defined as psychological distress. Clear relationships between the K6 score and age, experience duration as public health nurse were not noted. The K6 score in subjects with anxiety of preventing suicide was significantly higher than that without. In addition, the K6 score in subjects who feel their own mental status was excellent was also lower than that in subjects without that. In conclusion, some factors might be associated with psychological distress, as assessed by the K6, in public health nurse in Kagawa prefecture, Japan.
Baldwin, Kathleen A; Lyons, Roberta L; Issel, L Michele
Public health nurses (PHNs) have declined as a proportion of both the nursing and the public health workforces in the past 2 decades. This decline comes as 30 states report public health nursing as the sector most affected in the overall public health shortage. Taken together, these data point to a need for renewed recruitment efforts. However, the current public images of nurses are primarily those of professionals employed in hospital settings. Therefore, this paper describes the development of a marketable image aimed at increasing the visibility and public awareness of PHNs and their work. Such a brand image was seen as a precursor to increasing applications for PHN positions. A multimethod qualitative sequential approach guided the branding endeavor. From the thoughts of public health nursing students, faculty, and practitioners came artists' renditions of four award-winning posters. These posters portray public health nursing-incorporating its image, location of practice, and levels of protection afforded the community. Since their initial unveiling, these posters have been distributed by request throughout the United States and Canada. The overwhelming response serves to underline the previous void of current professional images of public health nursing and the need for brand images to aid with recruitment. PMID:21198816
Delaney, Kathleen R.
Psychiatric nurses in the United States (US) stand at the edge of a changing mental health care landscape. Federal initiatives are moving into place; ones that aim to increase access to care, place a greater emphasis on prevention and wellness, and position recovery as the focus of mental health treatment. The Psychiatric Mental Health (PMH) specialty is at a pivotal moment of choice: it can organize around a future vision of PMH nursing or can silently acquiesce to a marginalized position....
Enfermagem na saúde da criança: estudo bibliográfico acerca da avaliação nutricional La enfermería en la salud del niño: estudio bibliográfico sobre la evaluación nutricional Nursing in child's health: bibliography study on assessment nutritional
Flávia Paula Magalhães Monteiro
Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a produção científica acerca da atuação do enfermeiro na saúde nutricional da criança. Estudo bibliográfico realizado entre abril e maio de 2008, nas bases de dados online, com descritores: avaliação nutricional, antropometria, crescimento, criança. Critérios de inclusão: saúde infantil na avaliação nutricional, enfermeiro/autor e artigos publicados entre 2000 e 2007. Encontraram-se 15 artigos nos seguintes anos: 2000 (1, 2001 (1, 2002 (2, 2003 (4, 2005 (1, 2006 (3 e 2007 (3. Periódicos inscritos nas áreas: enfermagem (1, nutrição (1, saúde pública (3 e médica (1. Tipo de estudo: epidemiológicos (1, descritivos (5, transversais (7, longitudinal (1, estudo de caso (1, revisão de literatura (1 e relato de experiência (1. Unidades temáticas: avaliação nutricional mediante acompanhamento do crescimento e desenvolvimento infantil; fatores determinantes da nutrição infantil e avaliação nutricional como cuidado de enfermagem. Ressalta-se que o enfermeiro tem buscado fundamentação teórica e prática para cuidar da criança com déficit nutricional.Analizar la producción científica que existe sobre el papel que desempeña el enfermero en la salud nutricional del niño. Estudio bibliográfico desarrollado entre abril y mayo/2008 usando bases de datos en línea, a través de los siguientes descriptores: evaluación nutricional, antropometría, crecimiento, niño. Se aplicaron los siguientes criterios de inclusión: salud infantil en la evaluación nutricional, enfermero/autor y artículos publicados entre 2000 y 2007. Se encontraron 15 artículos en los años: 2000 (1, 2001 (1, 2002 (2, 2003 (4, 2005 (1, 2006 (3 e 2007 (3. Periódicos inscriptos en las áreas: enfermería (1, nutrición (1, salud pública (3 y médica (1. Tipo de estudio: epidemiológicos (1, descriptivos (5, transversales (7, longitudinales (1, estudio de caso (1, revisión de literatura (1 y relato de experiencia (1. Unidades temáticas: evaluación nutricional mediante acompañamiento del crecimiento y desarrollo infantil; factores determinantes de la nutrición infantil y evaluación nutricional como cuidado de la enfermería. Descata el hecho que el enfermero ha buscado desarrollar una fundamentación teórico/práctica para cuidar del niño con déficit nutricional.To examine the scientific production about the role of nurses in the nutritional health of child. Bibliographic study, held between April and May 2008 in on line databases, with descriptors: nutritional assessment, anthropometry, growth, child. Criteria for inclusion: child health in nutrition assessment, nurse / author and articles published between 2000 and 2007. Meeting 15 articles in the years: 2000 (1, 2001 (1, 2002 (2, 2003 (4, 2005 (1, 2006 (3 e 2007 (3. Regular subscribers in the areas: nursing (1, nutrition (1, health (3 and medical (1. Type of study: epidemiological (1, descriptive (5, Cross (7, longitudinal (1, the case study (1, review of literature (1 and report of experience (1. Thematic units: nutritional assessment by the monitoring of growth and child development by nurses; determinants of children's nutrition and nutritional assessment and nursing care. It is emphasized that the nurse has sought theoretical and practical reasons to take care of children with nutritional deficiency.
Nurses are an important component of primary medical care, and patient education is a common and important role of most nurses. Patient education and positive role modeling by nurses have the potential to influence patients' life style choices and the serious diseases that may be affected by those choices. A greater understanding of the ways nurses think about their own health could help facilitate healthier choices for them and in their patients. The purpose of this inquiry was to examine the experiences, attitudes and beliefs of student nurses related to their personal health, and to investigate those experiences, attitudes and beliefs as they relate to their education, relationships, values and career choice. The purpose was achieved through phenomenological interviews with eleven senior nursing students, nine females and two males, encouraging them to provide in as much detail as possible their attitudes and values about their personal health. The interviews were tape recorded, transcribed verbatim, and phenomenologically analyzed. A thematic structure emerged such that the nursing students experiences were represented by the four interrelated themes of caring for myself/caring for others ; I control my health/my world controls my health; I have energy/I'm tired; and feeling good/looking good. The contextual grounds for the themes that emerged during the analysis were the Body and Time. This structure was presented in terms of its relationship to health education, other research and to current theory.
Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to describe the establishment of a self-sustaining Student Learning Center (SLC employing humanistic anatomical models to aid in the teaching of family planning and reproductive health clinical skills to nursing students in Nepal. In response to a local needs assessment a plan was developed to implement more thorough training of nursing students in family planning clinical skills. Nepalese nursing leaders worked together with a U.S. Non-Governmental Organization (NGO to implement this project. This paper details the need for the SLCs, the content and structure of the SLCs, and the process of establishing an SLC at Tribhuvan University, Maharjgunj Nursing Campus in Kathmandu, the largest of all nursing campuses in Nepal.
Kiguli Juliet; Kiguli-Malwadde Elsie; Katende Godfrey; Groves Sara; Mafigiri David; Paina Ligia; Baingana Rhona; Kiguli Sarah; Galukande Moses; Roy Mayega; Bollinger Robert; Pariyo George
Abstract Background Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) in Uganda is undergoing a major reform to become a more influential force in society. It is important that its medicine and nursing graduates are equipped to best address the priority health needs of the Ugandan population, as outlined in the governments Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP). The assessment identifies critical gaps in the core competencies of the MakCHS medicine and nursing and ways to overcome them ...
Mirella Veras; Kevin Pottie; Vivian Welch; Ron Labonte; Javier Eslava-Schmalbach; Borkhoff, Cornelia M.; Kristjansson, Elizabeth A.; Peter Tugwell
Objective: Health professionals are paying increased attention to issues of global health. However, there are no current competency assessment tools appropriate for evaluating their competency in global health. This study aims to assess the validity and reliability of a global health competency survey for different health disciplines. Methods: A total of 429 students participated in the Global Health Competency Survey, drawn from family medicine residency, nursing, physiotherapy and occupatio...
The purpose of this research was to explore the mental health and well-being of Muslim nursing students in Thailand. Specifically, the study investigated the factors that impact anxiety and depression among Muslim nursing students. This cross-sectional research was conducted with a half sampling method of Muslim undergraduate students who were studying at a public nursing college in Thailand. From the 220 self-identified Muslim nursing students, 110 were sampled for this study, representing 14% of the total nursing students at this college. Results indicated a moderate prevalence of anxiety and high prevalence of depression among Muslim nursing students. Stress (? = .42) was positively associated with anxiety, while self-esteem (? = -.42) was negatively associated with anxiety; together this model accounted for 46% of the variance in anxiety. Self-esteem (? = -.41) and social support (? = -.17) were negatively associated with depression, while stress (? = .37) was positively correlated with depression; together this model accounted for 57% of the variance in depression. Recommendations were given to help train Muslim nursing students to be competent nurses with good mental health and well-being who will succeed and contribute to the nursing profession. PMID:22792481
Nancy Guenther; Paul Glassman; Young Kee Markham; Leah FitzGerald; Joan Earle Hahn
Access to oral health care is essential for promoting and maintaining overall health and well-being, yet oral health disparities exist among vulnerable and underserved populations. While nurses make up the largest portion of the health care work force, educational preparation to address oral health needs of elders and persons with disabilities is limited across nursing curricula. This descriptive study reports on the interdisciplinary development, implementation, and testing of an oral health...
Jamileh Mohtashami; Mahvash Salsali; Mehrnoosh Pazargadi; Homan Manoochehri; Hamid Alavi Majd
Introduction: The essential problems in providing quality and safety services to patients, rapid changes in health care settings as well as information technology require educational revision. Competency-based curriculum focuses on set of skills that students should achieve. This study reviewed characteristics of competency-based curriculum in psychiatric nursing. Methods: A literature review about a competency-based curriculum in psychiatric mental health nursing was carried out by sear...
Anaebere, Ann Kiki; DeLilly, Carol Rose
Faith Community Nurses consider community cultural practices an essential component in understanding how to effectively support an individuals mental health during important life transitions. Additionally, as part of their practice, Faith Community Nurses seek to understand how religious beliefs and life transitions such as marriage, divorce, birth, death, and illness impact on spiritual and mental health care. The emotional tolls of family separations due to wars, unexpected life events, or...
Roberta Meneses Oliveira, Lucilane Maria Sales da Silva, Ilse Maria Tigre de Arruda Leitão
Full Text Available Objective: to examine knowledge and practices of nurses about pain assessment in the hospital context. Method: this is about a descriptive and analytical cut of an assistance-converging research held in a private hospital at Fortaleza-Ceará, in 2007, approved by the Ethics Committee of Research of Ceara State University (Protocol nº07336264-6. It was applied structured interview with 15 nurses about pain assessment in practice, being performed qualitative data analysis and presentation of results in thematic categories. Results: it was identified that pain is predominantly conceptualized as an unpleasant sensation for humans, because it indicates that something is not right in the body. Pain assessment happens mainly with the evaluation of verbal report of the patient, the pain features and the signs/symptoms associated with painful situacions. About the treatment, the drug is still the prevailing opinion of the nurses, being cited: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, opioids and simple analgesics. Regarding non-pharmacological measures, were cited: the application of cold or heat, promoting peaceful environment, clarification of the procedure and condition of the patient, among others. Conclusion: nurses had demonstrate articulated knowledge and practices about pain management, but was not routinely evaluate it systematically, showing urgently the need to incorporate educational programs about pain assessment in nursing courses and health services in general. Descriptors: pain; pain measurement; nursing; nurses; hospital care.
Kowitlawakul, Yanika; Chan, Sally Wai Chi; Pulcini, Joyce; Wang, Wenru
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the Health Information Technology Act (2009) in America had recommended that electronic health records (EHRs) should be fully adopted by 2014. This has urged educational institutions to prepare healthcare professionals to be competent in using electronic health records (EHRs) while they are in schools. To equip nursing students with competency in using EHRs, an electronic health record for nursing education (EHRNE) has been developed and integrated it into nursing curricula. The purposes of the study were to investigate the factors influencing nursing students' acceptance of the EHRs in nursing education using the extended Technology Acceptance Model with self-efficacy as a conceptual framework. The study is a descriptive study design using self-reported questionnaires with 212 student participants. The IBM SPSS and AMOS 22.0 were used to analyze the data. The results showed that attitude toward using the EHRNE was the most influential factor on students' acceptance. The preliminary findings suggested that to enhance the students' acceptance of the EHRNE, cultivation of a positive attitude toward using this EHR as well as increasing the perceived usefulness is very important. Also, the study's framework could be used in guiding learning health informatics and be applied to nursing students. PMID:24947068
D'Arruda, Kimberley A
1. A basic understanding of the judicial system will enable occupational health nurses to read court opinions and have a better understanding of whether or how they or their companies are affected by the decision. With this knowledge, occupational health nurses can help their organization avoid legal liability by ensuring that the company does not act contrary to the decisions of the controlling courts. 2. As they are often involved in the process of contracting for goods and services, occupational health nurses need to be aware of general contract terminology and negotiating techniques so they will be better able to protect their companies. In addition, occupational health nurses can also assist in the actual contract drafting process with knowledge of a few concepts, such as the description, caption, operative language of the agreement, and definitions, of a contract. 3. Occupational health nurses are often called upon to be expert witnesses and can play an integral part in the litigation process. Because of the importance of expert witnesses, occupational health nurses must have an understanding of how to effectively provide expert witness testimony. PMID:12033091
Miros?aw J. Jarosz; Anna W?oszczak-Szubzda
Florence Nightingale, while formulating her concept of nursing mentioned, among nurses tasks, the popularization of personal hygiene and hygiene of surroundings in workers environments, as well as teaching baby care to mothers. The performance of these tasks required cooperation with the families, and at that time, such a cooperation was postulated by William Rathbone (18191902). According to him, to the tasks of a nurse providing home care for a patient also belong assistance to the...
Silva, Kênia Lara; de Sena, Roseni Rosângela
This study has the objective of understanding the training of nurses for comprehensive health care. It used data from interviews with teachers, students and service nurses submitted to discourse analysis. There is an understanding of comprehensive care in the training of nurses from the perspective of establishing a healthcare model in which care is directed to the patient. There are reflections regarding the technologies and the form of organization of the work, expressed in a permanent tension: Clinical versus Collective Health as a challenge for comprehensive care. It was identified that building completeness in the formation implies assuming acting in health as an educative principle in a new form of learning-teaching in health, which breaks up with pre-formed, out-of-context knowledge. The conclusion is that comprehensive health care is taken as an object of reflection in the movement for change in the pedagogical practices, and that it is reflected in health attention. PMID:18450147
Jucelia Salgueiro Nascimento
Full Text Available Objective: To analyze the domiciliary visit performed by nurses in the Family Health Strategy as an activity to promote health. Methods: Exploratory/descriptive study with qualitative approach. The subjects were nine nurses of the Primary Health Units from Health Districts in Maceió-AL. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews in the months from April to August 2012 and were analyzed using content analysis and in light of the theoretical framework of Health Promotion. Results: The nurses recognize that the domiciliary visit can be a way to promote the health of individuals, families and community, but, in daily life, action maintains focus on disease, with curative actions of individual character, which do not take into account the social context where the user and his family are inserted. Conclusion: It is considered that the use of home visits by nurses in the family health strategy as a health promotion activity is still incipient because, although the nurses recognize the need for change in the model of care, in practice, it is observed that the focus of this action is directed to the biological model. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5020/18061230.2013.p513
McCarthy Carey F
Full Text Available Abstract Background More than thirty-five sub-Saharan African countries have severe health workforce shortages. Many also struggle with a mismatch between the knowledge and competencies of health professionals and the needs of the populations they serve. Addressing these workforce challenges requires collaboration among health and education stakeholders and reform of health worker regulations. Health professional regulatory bodies, such as nursing and midwifery councils, have the mandate to reform regulations yet often do not have the resources or expertise to do so. In 2011, the United States of America Centers for Disease Control and Prevention began a four-year initiative to increase the collaboration among national stakeholders and help strengthen the capacity of health professional regulatory bodies to reform national regulatory frameworks. The initiative is called the African Health Regulatory Collaborative for Nurses and Midwives. This article describes the African Health Regulatory Collaborative for Nurses and Midwives and discusses its importance in implementing and sustaining national, regional, and global workforce initiatives. Discussion The African Health Profession Regulatory Collaborative for Nurses and Midwives convenes leaders responsible for regulation from 14 countries in East, Central and Southern Africa. It provides a high profile, south-to-south collaboration to assist countries in implementing joint approaches to problems affecting the health workforce. Implemented in partnership with Emory University, the Commonwealth Secretariat, and the East, Central and Southern African College of Nursing, this initiative also supports four to five countries per year in implementing locally-designed regulation improvement projects. Over time, the African Health Regulatory Collaborative for Nurses and Midwives will help to increase the regulatory capacity of health professional organizations and ultimately improve regulation and professional standards in this region of Africa. The African Health Regulatory Collaborative for Nurses and Midwives will measure the progress of country projects and conduct an annual evaluation of the initiatives regional impact, thereby contributing to the global evidence base of health workforce interventions. Conclusion The African Health Regulatory Collaborative for Nurses and Midwives is designed to address priority needs in health workforce development and improve regulation of the health workforce. This model may assist others countries and regions facing similar workforce challenges.
Regina R Witt
Full Text Available An investigation on nurses´ primary health care practice was developed to identify and analyze nurses general and specific competencies at the Brazilian Health System. This quantitative-qualitative research adopted the Delphi Technique as a method of study. Two groups of participants were selected. Fifty-two nurses and fifty-seven specialists accepted to participate in the study. Questionnaires were developed for data collection, including a Likert scale. A 75 percentage was adopted as a consensus criterion for scores 4 or 5 of this scale. Results showed 17 general and 8 specific competencies for the nursing group and 19 general and 9 specific competencies for the specialist group. These competencies were classified into ten areas of domain. This paper presents and discusses health care competencies found in this investigation.
Toth, J C; Ritchey, K A
The BKAT is a valid and reliable test of basic knowledge in critical care nursing. Validity was established through a panel of nine experts in critical care nursing practice and education. Reliability was established at the alpha coefficient of 0.86 for the total test during the pilot study on a sample of 100 nurses working in CCUs . The BKAT , which is a 90-item test, has been used on both a supervised and an unsupervised basis. Findings from the pilot study included a statistically significant difference in basic knowledge between new graduates and nurses with 6 months to more than 5 years of experience in critical care nursing, and that the length of critical care experience is the best predictor of basic knowledge. No statistically significant differences were found in basic knowledge in the following groups of nurses: (1) ICU, SICU , and coronary care unit nurses, (2) those working in university or teaching hospitals, community hospitals, and government hospitals, and (3) nurses with an associate degree, diploma, or baccalaureate degree. The BKAT -2, a revision of the BKAT , indicates that the basic knowledge assessment tool can be updated as new technologies and new knowledge become part of the body of nursing knowledge related to safe practice in critical care nursing. PMID:6562112
Abrams, Sarah E
Elizabeth Gordon Fox was a distinguished member of the profession and an influential advocate for visiting nurse services at the time of her retirement. The dinner guests who came to honor her 20 years as director of the New Haven, Connecticut Visiting Nurse Association included luminaries in public health including Thomas Parran, Ira V. Hiscock, Ruth Hubbard, and Anna Fillmore. Dr. C.-E. A. Winslow, an eminent leader in public health, and Annie Warburton Goodrich, the retired dean of the Yale School of Nursing were also present. The occasion was marked by an address by Thomas Parran, former U. S. Surgeon General, who focused attention on nursing leadership in public health. Speeches by both Parran and Fox addressed the challenges faced at mid-century-challenges of public accountability, of a widespread nursing shortage, and of the need to distribute knowledge and services with both efficiency and compassion. Dr. Parran's talk and an excerpt from Fox's comments that evening were published in Public Health Nursing in December 1949. Selected passages from each of their speeches recall for contemporary readers the concerns of the era and the hopes of those who had dedicated their professional careers to improvement of the health of the public. PMID:19386064
Full Text Available Background and Aim: There are no occupational health data concerning the prevalence of mental disorders in Iranian hospital nurses. Such information may be a prerequisite for efficient occupational mental health interventions. The aim of this study was to determine mental health status among shift work hospital nurses.Materials and Methods: This paper reports the findings of a cross-sectional survey that was part of a larger quasi-experimental study. We selected and evaluated 1195 nurses in 12 general hospitals in Shiraz (capital of Fars Province, using the 28-item version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ. We used structured observations in accordance with an occupational health checklist to assess working environment during the work period.Results: Results indicated that 28.7% of nurses were in poor mental health. Mental disease was more common among females than males (p<0.05. Prevalence rates for anxiety and somatic symptoms were 42.2% and 35.5% respectively. The prevalence of depression was 11.9% and social dysfunction, 79.5%. There was a significant relationship between shift work and anxiety as well as sleep disorders (p< 0.05. Associations were also found between marital status and depression and between gender and social dysfunction (p< 0.001. Conclusion: Prevalence figures for mental disorders are similar to those from nationwide surveys but it seems that social dysfunction and anxiety disorders are more common in nurses compared to the general population aged 15 and over. More attention must be paid to the health of shift work nurses (especially female staff. This can take the form of shift work health education programs, occupational health counseling, and periodic examinations.
Phillips, Janice M.; Malone, Beverly
As nursing continues to advance health care in the 21st century, the current shift in demographics, coupled with the ongoing disparities in health care and health outcomes, will warrant our ongoing attention and action. As within all health professions, concerted efforts are needed to diversify the nation's health-care workforce. The nursing profession in particular will be challenged to recruit and retain a culturally diverse workforce that mirrors the nation's change in demographics. This i...
Poreddi, Vijayalakshmi; Ramachandra; Konduru, Reddemma; Math, Suresh Bada
Nursing education is a challenge in a developing country like India. This cross sectional study assessed the attitudes and perceptions of nursing professionals and their desired future practices. The study was conducted using a modified version of Beliefs, Attitudes and Perceived Practice questionnaire among 129 students who were undergoing undergraduate nursing programme at a selected college of nursing in Bangalore. Data was analysed and interpreted by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Forty-four (34.1%) of the subjects agreed that they were enrolled of their own interest; 43 (33.3%) of them reported that they enrolled in nursing out of their own interest and also to improve their financial situations. Only 4 (3.1%) stated that they have to protect the rights and dignity of the patients. 45 (34.9%) of the subjects indicated that the nurse-patient relationship should be both professional and a relation of sympathy. Upon graduation 69 (53.5%) of the subjects preferred to pursue the nursing career, 36 (27.9%) in academics, 12 (9.30%) wanted to change the profession. Nearly 63 (48.8%) of the subjects agreed that social prejudice has a great influence on nursing students in choosing nursing profession as their career. An urgent need is seen in the area of educating nursing students regarding patient's rights. There is also a need to improve the image of nurses in the society to attract more number of students into this noble profession. Counselling and introduction to nursing course should be introduced by all the universities, to develop positive attitudes towards nursing profession. PMID:23534180
In 2005 the Swedish government identified the need of common development of information and communication technology in health and social care. The purpose of this paper is to describe nurses' contribution to the establishment of a national cooperation concerning eHealth development in health and social care. The Swedish strategy of eHealth have six actions areas eServices for accessibility and empowerment, Usable and accessible information (for staff), Knowledge management, innovation and learning, Creating a common technical infrastructure, Creating a common information structure and Bringing laws and regulations into line with extended use of ICT. Nurses are involved in all action areas and emphasize the empowerment and safety of the patient and account of ethical values. Patients' possibility to take part of the information and adding information in their own patient health record, nurses' education and safe IT support in medication are areas that need further development. PMID:24199131
Hunt, Glenn E; Happell, Brenda; Chan, Sally W-C; Cleary, Michelle
The journal impact factor (JIF), and how best to rate the performance of a journal and the articles they contain, are areas of great debate. The aim of this paper was to assess various ranking methods of journal quality for mental health nursing journals, and to list the top 10 articles that have received the most number of citations to date. Seven mental health nursing journals were chosen for the analysis of citations they received in 2010, as well as their current impact factors from two sources, and other data for ranking purposes. There was very little difference in the top four mental health nursing journals and their overall rankings when combining various bibliometric indicators. That said, the International Journal of Mental Health Nursing is currently the highest ranked mental health nursing journal based on JIF, but publishes fewer articles per year compared to other journals. Overall, very few articles received 50 or more citations. This study shows that researchers need to consider more than one ranking method when deciding where to send or publish their research. PMID:22583749
Geiger-Brown, Jeanne; Lipscomb, Jane
Nurses' working conditions are inextricably linked to the quality of care that is provided to patients and patients' safety. These same working conditions are associated with health and safety outcomes for nurses and other health care providers. This chapter describes aspects of the nursing work environment that have been linked to hazards and adverse exposures for nurses, as well as the most common health and safety outcomes of nursing work. We include studies from 2000 to the present by nurse researchers, studies of nurses as subjects, and studies of workers under similar working conditions that could translate to nurses' work environment. We explore a number of work organization factors including shift work and extended work hours, safety climate and culture, teamwork, and communication. We also describe environmental hazards, including chemical hazards (e.g., waste anesthetics, hazardous drugs, cleaning compounds) and airborne and bloodborne pathogen exposure. Nurses' health and safety outcomes include physical (e.g., musculoskeletal disorders, gastrointestinal, slips, trips and falls, physical assault) and psychosocial outcomes (e.g., burnout, work-family conflict). Finally, we present recommendations for future research to further protect nurses and all health care workers from a range of hazardous working conditions. PMID:21639028
Barry, Tom; Cunningham, Harry
Viewgraphs and discussion of onboard system health assessment are presented. Success of the space station program will be measured by how well it addresses the basic requirements for (1) maintaining the orbiting Space Station Freedom fully operational for its projected life of thirty years, and (2) the cost-effective execution of the overall space station program. Onboard system health assessment must provide complete and thorough testing capabilities along with effective associated redundancy/fault management.
Imai, H.; Nakao, H.; Tsuchiya, M.; Kuroda, Y.; Katoh, T.
Aims: (1) To examine whether prevalence of burnout is higher among community psychiatric nurses working under recently introduced job specific work systems than among public health nurses (PHNs) engaged in other public health services. (2) To identify work environment factors potentially contributing to burnout.
In 2005 the Swedish government identified the need of common development of information and communication technology in health and social care. The purpose of this paper is to describe nurses contribution to the establishment of a national cooperation concerning eHealth development in health and social care. The Swedish strategy of eHealth have six actions areas eServices for accessibility and empowerment, Usable and accessible information (for staff), Knowledge management, innovation and ...
Black, M E; Ploeg, J; Van Berkel, C; Woodcox, V; Underwood, J E
From 1986 to 1988, the Nursing Division of the Hamilton-Wentworth Department of Public Health Services undertook an analysis of our present organizational structure, incorporating knowledge from current literature, community trends and staff perceptions. From this analysis, a division-wide reorganization was implemented from the current practice in which the Public Health Nurse (PHN) delivered nursing care across all ages and stages (generalist role) to one organized by target populations. These events were described in an earlier article. As part of the plan for reorganization, the nurse management team implemented an evaluation process which included five components: 1) an internal staff survey; 2) an external agency survey; 3) a program-specific activity analysis; 4) a program-specific measure of knowledge change and; 5) a longitudinal job satisfaction survey. This article describes this evaluation and presents implications for the future. PMID:1768988
Bentayeb, Malek; Norback, Dan; Bednarek, Micha; Bernard, Alfred; Cai, Guihong; Cerrai, Sonia; Eleftheriou, Konstantinos Kostas; Gratziou, Christina; Holst, Gitte Juel; Lavaud, François; Nasilowski, Jacek; Sestini, Piersante; Sarno, Giuseppe; Sigsgaard, Torben; Wieslander, Gunilla; Zielinski, Jan; Viegi, Giovanni; Annesi-Maesano, Isabella
Few data exist on respiratory effects of indoor air quality and comfort parameters in the elderly. In the context of the GERIE study, we investigated for the first time the relationships of these factors to respiratory morbidity among elderly people permanently living in nursing homes in seven European countries. 600 elderly people from 50 nursing homes underwent a medical examination and completed a standardised questionnaire. Air quality and comfort parameters were objectively assessed in situ in the nursing home. Mean concentrations of air pollutants did not exceed the existing standards. Forced expiratory volume in 1?s/forced vital capacity ratio was highly significantly related to elevated levels of particles with a 50% cut-off aerodynamic diameter of Pollutant effects were more pronounced in the case of poor ventilation. Even at low levels, indoor air quality affected respiratory health in elderly people permanently living in nursing homes, with frailty increasing with age. The effects were modulated by ventilation. PMID:25766977
Rocco, Gennaro; Stievano, Alessandro
Until the early Eighties, critical social theory as a philosophical orientation informing nursing science, theory development and practice did not exist. Interest on this topic began to arise only after the mid-Eighties. In fact, nursing scholars questioned the validity of empiricism as the historical foundation for nursing science and the limitations of interpretivism in strengthening nursing knowledge, and thus started to focus on the lack of epistemological perspectives in nursing, giving particular prominence to the peculiar social, political, historical and economic conditions involving those who needed nursing care. The theoretical reflection began to develop, like the empirical paradigm, the post-positivist paradigm and, later, the interpretative paradigm, expanded thanks to the early works by Martha Rogers and Rosemarie Rizzo Parse, were seen as unable to address issues related to power inequities, structural constraints and oppression suffered by vulnerable groups such as the homeless, mental health individuals, people affected by HIV+ and other infectious diseases, unemployed, etc.. Empiricism and interpretative paradigms did not manage to bridge the gap between theory and praxis, and a new theoretical and philosophical approach gradually gained ground. This paradigm, based on critical social theory, was developed by distinguished scholars and intellectuals, such as Max Horkheimer, Theodor Adorno, Herbert Marcuse of the Frankfurt School in the Thirties, and, in recent years, by Giddens, Bourdieu, Foucault, Habermas. On this social field the first works of Allen, Thompson, Stevens, Campbell and Bunting, Kendall, allowed to work out a new paradigmatic nursing approach that would have predicted the employment of the critical theory for particular nursing aspects, as a conceptual framework for nursing education, as a paradigm to carry out participatory action-research and for the development of the discipline. The purpose of this article was to describe this new paradigmatic nursing approach. In this way, we hope to give emphasis to the epistemological debate that should characterize a discipline that has undertaken by now, also in Italy, the characteristics of a scientific and a fully epistemological validity. PMID:17786173
Yepes I Baldo?, Montserrat; Romeo Delgado, Marina; Berger, Rita
Healthcare accreditation models generally include indicators related to healthcare employees' perceptions (e.g. satisfaction, career development, and health safety). During the accreditation process, organizations are asked to demonstrate the methods with which assessments are made. However, none of the models provide standardized systems for the assessment of employees. In this study, we analyzed the psychometric properties of an instrument for the assessment of nurses' perceptions as indica...
Peters, Michael A.; Drummond, John S.
This article introduces and explores the concept of political economy. In particular it focuses upon the political economy of health while also considering the implications for international nursing studies in the context of health care more generally. Political economy is not only about budgets, resources and policy. It is also about particular
Engberg, John; Castle, Nicholas G.; McCaffrey, Daniel
Purpose: It is widely believed that physical restraint use causes mental and physical health decline in nursing home residents. Yet few studies exist showing an association between restraint initiation and health decline. In this research, we examined whether physical restraint initiation is associated with subsequent lower physical or mental
Matthews, Lisa A.; Shine, Alisabeth L.; Currie, Leanne; Chan, Connie V; Kaufman, David R
Older adults are being asked to play a more active role in the management of their health, however low health literacy is pervasive in this population and is a major impediment to participation in healthcare activities. We sought to identify literacy-related challenges that older adults experience while managing their health. We interviewed 8 nurses who provided direct care to older adult populations. Thematic analysis was conducted exploring barriers, strategies and resources as they relate ...
Pisal, Hemlata; Sutar, Savita; Sastry, Jayagowri; Kapadia-Kundu, Nandita; Joshi, Aparna; Joshi, Mangala; Leslie, Jo; Scotti, Lisa; Bharucha, Kapila; Suryavanshi, Nishi; Phadke, Mrudula; Bollinger, Robert; Shankar, Anita V
Few health care facilities are adequately prepared to manage and care for HIV/AIDS patients in India. Nurses play a critical role in patient care but are often ill-equipped to deal with their own fears of occupational risk and handle the clinical aspects of HIV/AIDS care, leading to stigma and discrimination toward HIV-positive patients. The authors examine the impact of a 4-day HIV/AIDS health education program on knowledge and attitudes of nurses in a government hospital. This education program was developed using a training of trainers model and qualitative research. A total of 21 master trainers underwent 6 days of training and began training of 552 hospital nurses (in 2004-2005). Using a pretest-posttest design, the authors assessed changes in knowledge and attitudes of 371 trained nurses. Significant improvements were seen in nurses' HIV/AIDS knowledge in all areas including care, treatment, and issues of confidentiality and consent. Fear of interaction with people living with HIV/AIDS was reduced significantly. The short course was successful in increasing nurses' knowledge in all aspects. There is great potential to expand this stigma-reduction intervention to other public and private hospitals. PMID:17991597
Goto, Aya; Rudd, Rima E; Lai, Alden Y; Yoshida, Kazuki; Suzuki, Yuu; Halstead, Donald D; Yoshida-Komiya, Hiromi; REICH, Michael R.
Background: Local public health nurses (PHNs) have been recognized as the main health service providers in communities in Japan. The Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011 has, however, created a major challenge for them in responding to mothers concerns. This was in part due to difficulties in assessing, understanding and communicating health risks on low-dose radiation exposure. In order to guide the development of risk communication plans, this study sought to investigate mothers primary con...
Palliative Care Awareness among Indian Undergraduate Health Care Students: A Needs-Assessment Study to Determine Incorporation of Palliative Care Education in Undergraduate Medical, Nursing and Allied Health Education
Sadhu Sakshi; Salins Naveen; Kamath Asha
Purpose: Quality assurance data worldwide suggests that the current healthcare system is providing inadequate care for the dying. Current health care education focuses entirely on cure and care is almost compromised or nonexistent in end-of-life settings. The purpose of this study was to determine palliative care awareness among Indian undergraduate health care students and assess the need for incorporating palliative medicine education into undergraduate health education. Methods: A non-ra...
Arnold, Lauren; Drenkard, Karen; Ela, Sue; Goedken, Jolene; Hamilton, Connie; Harris, Carla; Holecek, Nancy; White, Maureen
The emergence of health systems as a dominant structure for organizing healthcare has stimulated the development of health system chief nursing executive (CNE) positions. These positions have large spans of control, requiring CNEs to balance a wide range of responsibilities, making them accountable for fiscal management, quality of care, compliance, and contributing to organizational growth. As such the CNE is required to use principles of distributive justice to guide priority setting and decision making. This review addresses important questions about CNE system integration strategies, strategic priorities, and organizational positioning as they attempt to fulfill their ethical responsibilities to patients and the nurses they serve. PMID:16449880
Full Text Available To assess the knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR among the nurses ( n= 302 of community-based health services in Hainan province of China, a survey was made by randomized stratified cluster sampling using self-designed questionnaires. The passing rate for qualification of the knowledge of CPR was found to be very low in Hainan province (23.18 %. A significant difference of regions and different educational level among the nurses were also noticed (P<0.01. It may be concluded from the study that nurses of community-based health services in Hainan province lack the basic knowledge of CPR, especially in rural region.
Evans, D T
The state of education and service provision relating to young people and sex, sexualities, and sexual health is currently a major national challenge. Nurses working in the compulsory education sector are at the direct interchange between clients and their obvious experiential and academic needs, and attitudes and systems that frequently seem to fail them. From concerned parents and members of the public, through the teaching and nursing professions, to the UK Government, the message is the same: something must be done to improve the current status quo. The problem lies in the different beliefs about what to do and how to do it. School nurses are in a prime position to improve sexual health education and services for young people. However, it is unreasonable to expect school nurses, who are frequently overburdened with task-oriented jobs, to be effective with an additional remit for sexual health education without adequate support, resources and effective professional training. This article explores the role of school nurses as it develops to encompass numerous aspects of sexual health care. In order to enhance and promote these changes in line with client needs the article examines the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT analysis) of this changing role. PMID:11868209
... Types of Toxicity Tests EPA Requires for Human Health Risk Assessments EPA evaluates studies conducted over different periods of ... the health of children, and the environment. Human Health Risk Assessment and the Law Federal law requires detailed evaluation ...
Rosted, Elizabeth Emilie; Poulsen, Ingrid
Background: Geriatric patients recently discharged from hospital are at risk of unplanned readmissions and admission to nursing home. When discharged directly from Emergency Department (ED) the risk increases, as time pressure often requires focus on the presenting problem, although 80% of geriatric patients have complex and often unresolved caring needs. Objective: To investigate a structured nursing interventions impact on geriatric patients unresolved problems and their use of help from the community health centre. Method: We conducted a prospective descriptive study of selected geriatric patients with nursing intervention at discharge and 1 and 6 months follow-up. Included were geriatric patients 70+ years discharged to their home October 2006-June 2008. Intervention: After detecting the geriatric patients planned to be discharged, the geriatric nurse in the ED did a brief standardised nursing assessment developed by McCusker et al. comprising a checklist of physical, mental, medical and social problems. Focus was on unresolved problems that required medical intervention, new/different home care services or comprehensive geriatric assessment. After assessment the nurse made relevant referrals to geriatric outpatient clinic, community health centre, primary physician or arrangements with next-of-kin. Findings: 150 geriatric patients participated, mean age 81.7 (70-99). At discharge they had in mean 2 164 (0-9) unresolved problems, after 1 month 0.8 (0-5), and after 6 months 0.5 (0-4). Before baseline ED visit 85 % of the patients received home care services, 1 and 6 months after discharge it was 96 %. Relevance to clinical practice: Structured nursing assessment and intervention in the ED could be a way of discovering geriatric patients unresolved problems and preventing further functional decline and readmission. To confirm the effect a randomized controlled trial including 270 patients is carried out as part of my PhD study at University of Southern Denmark. Data is collected from Copenhagen University Hospital Amager.
Rosted, Elizabeth Emilie; Poulsen, Ingrid
Background: Geriatric patients recently discharged from hospital are at risk of unplanned readmissions and admission to nursing home. When discharged directly from Emergency Department (ED) the risk increases, as time pressure often requires focus on the presenting problem, although 80 % of geriatric patients have complex and often unresolved caring needs. Objective: To examine the effect of a two-stage nursing assessment and intervention to address the patients uncompensated problems given just after discharge from ED and one and six months after. Method: We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial with follow-up at one and six months. Included were patients >70 at increased risk of readmission and functional decline (had an ISAR 1 score of 2-6 points) and discharged home in the period 16th of February 2009 to 31st of January 2011, N=271. Intervention: A nurse did a brief nursing assessment comprising a checklist of 10 physical, mental, medical and social items. The focus was on unresolved problems which require medical intervention, new or different home care services, or comprehensive geriatric assessment. Following this the nurses made relevant referrals to the geriatric outpatient clinic, community health centre, primary physician or arrangements with next-of-kin. Findings: Primary endpoints will be presented as unplanned readmission to ED; admission to nursing home; and death. Secondary endpoints will be presented as physical function; depressive symptoms; health related quality of life; and hours of help received from the community. Conclusion: The presentation at the conference will include results collected at one and six months follow-up, this will show if a two-stage intervention consisting of screening with the ISAR 1 tool followed by structured nursing assessment and intervention in the ED could be a way of discovering geriatric patients unresolved problems and preventing further functional decline and readmission.
Levin, Pamela F; Cary, Ann H; Kulbok, Pamela; Leffers, Jeanne; Molle, Mary; Polivka, Barbara J
The complexity of public health problems and advancement of science framing public health demand an expansion of traditional educational approaches and curriculum to prepare a futuristic advanced practice public health nursing (APPHN) workforce. This position paper sponsored by the Association of Community Health Nursing Educators challenges nurse educators to apply innovative strategies in preparing public health nursing (PHN) professionals and to expand curriculum paradigms to promote PHN's ecological approach to solving problems. To meet the challenges of ensuring public health in the 21st century, advanced practice public health nurses must have greater foundational knowledge in critical content areas discussed in this document. Competence in these areas will enable advanced practice public health nurses to address future health care challenges such as rapidly changing social structures, escalating knowledge explosion, globalization, and growth of new technologies. This education will prepare nurses to forge new knowledge and establish health care teams to create effective solutions. PMID:18294186
Rosted, Elizabeth Emilie; Wagner, Lis
Aim To describe and test a model for structured nursing assessment and intervention to older people discharged from Emergency Department (ED). Background Older people recently discharged from hospital are at high risk of readmission. This risk may increase when they are discharged straight home from an ED as time pressure requires staff to focus on the presenting problem although many have complex, unresolved, care needs. Method A prospective descriptive study was conducted. Older people aged 70 and over and at risk of adverse health and functional outcome were included. Intervention: At discharge, and at 1 and 6 month follow-up, a brief standardised nursing assessment (ISAR 2) developed by McCusker et al. was carried out. The focus was on unresolved problems that required medical or nursing intervention, new or different home care services or comprehensive geriatric assessment. After assessment the nurse made relevant referrals to the geriatric outpatient clinic, community health centre, general practitioner or made arrangements with next-of-kin. Results One hundred and fifty people participated, mean age was 81.7. At discharge they had a mean of 1.9 unresolved problems, after 1 month 0.8, and after 6 months 0.4. Older people receiving home care services increased from 79% at discharge to 89% at 1 month and 90% at 6 month follow-up. Conclusion ISAR 2 works well in a Danish ED setting and intercepts older peoples problems. It seems that unresolved problems decrease when a nurse assesses and intervenes at discharge from ED, and at follow-up. However a randomized controlled test should be carried out to confirm this. Relevance to clinical practice Nursing assessment and intervention should be implemented in the ED to reduce older peoples unrevealed problems.
Rosted, Elizabeth Emilie; Wagner, Lis
To describe and test a model for structured nursing assessment and intervention to older people discharged from emergency department (ED). Background. Older people recently discharged from hospital are at high risk of readmission. This risk may increase when they are discharged straight home from an ED as time pressure requires staff to focus on the presenting problem although many have complex, unresolved, care needs. Method. A prospective descriptive pilot study was conducted. Older people aged 70 and over and at risk of adverse health and functional outcome were included. Intervention: At discharge, and at 1 and 6 months follow-up, a brief standardised nursing assessment (ISAR 2) developed by McCusker et al. was carried out. The focus was on unresolved problems that required medical or nursing intervention, new or different home care services or comprehensive geriatric assessment. After assessment, the nurse made relevant referrals to the geriatric outpatient clinic, community health centre, general practitioner or made arrangements with next of kin. Results. One hundred and fifty people participated, mean age was 81.7. At discharge, they had a mean of 1.9 unresolved problems, after 1 month 0.8, and after 6 months 0.4. Older people receiving home care services increased from 79% at discharge to 89% at 1 month and 90% at 6 months follow-up. Conclusion. ISAR 2 works well in a Danish ED setting and intercepts older peoples' problems. It seems that unresolved problems decrease when a nurse assesses and intervenes at discharge from ED, and at follow-up. However, a randomised controlled test should be carried out to confirm this. Implications for practice. Nursing assessment and intervention should be implemented in the ED to reduce older peoples' unrevealed problems.
Implementation of the nursing process in a health area: models and assessment structures used / Implantación del proceso de enfermería en un área de salud: modelos y estructuras de valoración utilizados / Implementação do processo de enfermagem em uma área da saúde: modelos e estruturas de avaliação utilizados
Joseba Xabier, Huitzi-Egilegor; Maria Isabel, Elorza-Puyadena; Jose Maria, Urkia-Etxabe; Carmen, Asurabarrena-Iraola.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: analisar quais modelos de enfermagem e estruturas de avaliação de enfermagem têm sido utilizados na implementação do processo de enfermagem, nos centros públicos e privados da área de saúde de Gipuzkoa (País Basco). MÉTODO: foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo, baseado na análise do [...] s registros de enfermagem que utilizaram os 158 centros estudados. RESULTADOS: o modelo de Henderson, a estrutura bifocal de Carpenito, a estrutura de avaliação de Gordon e a estrutura Resident Asessment Instrument Home 2.0 foram os modelos e estruturas de avaliação de enfermagem utilizados na implementação do processo de enfermagem. Em alguns centros, o modelo ou estrutura de avaliação escolhido mudou ao longo do tempo. CONCLUSÃO: foi concluído que o modelo de Henderson foi o mais utilizado na implementação do processo de enfermagem. Além disso, foi observada a tendência de complementar ou substituir o modelo de Henderson com estruturas de avaliação de enfermagem. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: analizar qué modelos de enfermería y estructuras de valoración de enfermería se han utilizado a la hora de implantar el proceso de enfermería en los centros públicos y privados del área de salud de Gipuzkoa (País Vasco). MÉTODO: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo, basado en el análi [...] sis de los registros de enfermería que han utilizado los 158 centros estudiados. RESULTADOS: el modelo de Henderson, la estructura bifocal de Carpenito, la estructura de valoración de Gordon y la estructura Resident Assessment Instrument Nursing Home 2.0 han sido los modelos y estructuras de valoración de enfermería utilizados a la hora de implantar el proceso de enfermería. En algunos centros el modelo o estructura de valoración elegido ha ido variando con el paso del tiempo. CONCLUSIÓN: se concluye que el modelo de Henderson ha sido el más utilizado a la hora de implantar el proceso de enfermería. Asimismo, se observa la tendencia de complementar o sustituir el modelo de Henderson con estructuras de valoración de enfermería. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: to analyze what nursing models and nursing assessment structures have been used in the implementation of the nursing process at the public and private centers in the health area Gipuzkoa (Basque Country). METHOD: a retrospective study was undertaken, based on the analysis of the nur [...] sing records used at the 158 centers studied. RESULTS: the Henderson model, Carpenito's bifocal structure, Gordon's assessment structure and the Resident Assessment Instrument Nursing Home 2.0 have been used as nursing models and assessment structures to implement the nursing process. At some centers, the selected model or assessment structure has varied over time. CONCLUSION: Henderson's model has been the most used to implement the nursing process. Furthermore, the trend is observed to complement or replace Henderson's model by nursing assessment structures.
Sockolow, Paulina S.; Liao, Cindy; Chittams, Jesse L.; Bowles, Kathryn H
We conducted two mixed methods studies in community-based health care settings to examine EHR use among nurses documenting direct patient care and EHR impact on nurse satisfaction. Quantitative methods included documentation time-to-completion data and a clinician satisfaction survey. Qualitative methods included observations and follow-up interviews. Qualitative data was merged with the quantitative data by comparing findings along themes. Results indicated nurses increased the number and ti...
Andreja Kvas; Janko Seljak; Janez Stare
Background: The efficiency of the health care system is significantly dependent on the appropriate leadership and guidance of employees. One of the most frequently used new approaches in human resources management is the study of competencies and competency models. The aim of this research is to develop a competency model for leaders in nursing, and to compare it with the leadership competency model for state administration.Methods: A survey was conducted among 141 nurse leaders in Slovenia. ...
Marketing strategies are employed to ensure the success of new products, services or programs. Both profit and non-profit organizations have used social marketing strategies to inform, to motivate interest, and to engage the involvement of the consumer. A client-dependent health care system did not find it necessary to market services, but a health care system that encourages clients to choose the most appropriate health promotion service available must market services. Nurses are in the business of promoting the health of clients. Therefore, it is essential that nurses become familiar with, and involved in, the development of marketing plans and strategies. The connection between the four variables of the marketing mix (product, promotion, place, and price) and promoting the health of clients is described. A case example recapitulating the marketing strategies employed to raise public awareness of a self-help group for family caregivers is related, the marketing response is evaluated, and future recommendations are proposed. PMID:7888407
Full Text Available An important component of nursing programmes in South Africa has been teaching of the principles of ethical practice and relevant ethical codes. A number of factors have contributed to the need to include human rights as an integral component of nursing curricula in South Africa. These include the Bill of Rights in the Constitution of South Africa and the implications thereof for health care delivery, the primary health care approach in the delivery of health care in South Africa, the development and acceptance o f Patients Rights Charters, and the recognition of the role that health professionals played - whether through lack of knowledge and awareness or direct involvement - in the human rights violations in the health sector exposed during the hearings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
Omayyah S. Nassar
Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine health-promoting behaviours of university nursing students in Jordan. This descriptive cross-sectional study used convenient sampling technique to recruit 167 undergraduate nursing students in Jordan. Data were collected by using an Arabic version of Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II. The study results revealed that the mean item score for total Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II was (127.24 ± 21.03. The students obtained highest scores in spiritual growth (25.04 ± 4.70 and lowest in physical activity subscales (16.27 ± 5.21. Significant difference was found between Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II subscales (stress management, health responsibility, and interpersonal relations and students age and gender.
It's always great to learn about an interesting new resource for teaching college students about environmental health, and this one is quite handy. Created as part of the Science Education Resource Center at Carleton College, the Environmental Health Risk Assessment site helps instructors and students "locate and use some of the numerous health-related tools and databases that can be found on the web." Here visitors can look over the Tutorial, which is designed to give interested parties a step-by-step example of how to perform an environmental health risk inventory. Also, the site includes an activity that can be used in the classroom, along with a list of vetted mapping tools available across the Web. The site is rounded out by four external links to related resources, including one that looks at the relationship between geology and human health.
Happell, Brenda; McAllister, Margaret
There is an ongoing global shortage of mental health nurses. Within Australia, the principal strategy of offering a postgraduate education programme with various incentives to encourage nurses back to study has not been successful. This has led to the consideration of radical alternatives, including the return to pre-registration specialisation in mental health. The successful introduction of this strategy would require the full support of industry partners. To date, the voice of industry has not been heard in relation to this issue. The aim of this paper is to present the views of an Australian sample of mental health nursing directors regarding the resources and other factors required, should undergraduate specialist programmes in mental health be developed, to ensure they are relevant and likely to be successful. A qualitative exploratory research project was undertaken to explore the perspectives and opinions of industry partners. In-depth interviews were conducted with nursing directors (n = 12) in Queensland Australia. Five main themes were identified: relationships with universities; clinical placement preparation and support; workplace culture; facilitators and preceptors; and practical student learning. Genuine collaboration between the two organisations was considered crucial for delivering a quality programme and providing the required support for students. Transformative leadership could inform this collaboration by promoting acknowledgement of and respect for differences. PMID:25353302
Abdi masooleh F
Full Text Available Background: Burnout is one of the most important factors in reduced productivity in organizations and involves physical and mental signs, especially in the human service professions. The role of nurses in the healthcare system is vital and motivation to ensure health security is extremely important. We carried out this research to examine the relationship between burnout and mental health in the nursing staff of educational hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted among 200 nurses selected via probable multistage sampling. We used three instruments in this study: 1 demographic questionnaire 2 General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28 and 3 Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI.Results: On the whole, using the MBI subscale, we found low levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and high levels of reduced sense of personal accomplishment, both in frequency and intensity. The prevalence of symptomatic samples in the GHQ-28 was 43%, and two variables, burnout and poor mental health, were related (p<0.001. Burnout was to be related to gender, age and years of work. The correlation between poor mental health and years of work as well as hours of work in a week were significant. Conclusions: Our results suggest that there is a strong correlation between poor mental health and burnout. Furthermore, the prevalence of symptomatic samples detected in our study using the GHQ-28 was much higher than that reported in studies of the general population. The high prevalence of symptomatic samples and high prevalence of burnout in the dimension of self accomplishment, especially in younger nurses, combined with the strong correlation between poor mental health and burnout all show that care should be taken to improve the stressful conditions that nurses face.
Fumi?, Nera; Marinovi?, Marin; Brajan, Dolores
Health care and today's medical and technical achievements and approved standards of treatment provide comprehensive quality, safety and traceability of medical procedures respecting the principles of health protection. Continuous education improves the quality of nursing health care and increases the effectiveness of patient care, consequently maintaining and enhancing patient safety. Patient health problems impose the need of appropriate, planned and timely nursing care and treatment. In providing quality nursing care, attention is focused on the patient and his/her needs in order to maintain and increase their safety, satisfaction, independence and recovery or peaceful death, so the health and nursing practices must be systematized, planned and based on knowledge and experience. Health and nursing care of patients at risk of developing acute and chronic wounds or already suffering from some form of this imply preventive measures that are provided through patient education, motivation, monitoring, early recognition of risk factors and causes, and reducing or removing them through the prescribed necessary medical treatment which is safe depending on the patient health status. Except for preventive measures, nursing care of patients who already suffer from some form of acute or chronic wounds is focused on the care and treatment of damaged tissue by providing appropriate and timely diagnosis, timely and proper evaluation of the wound and patient general status, knowledge and understanding of the wide range of local, oral and parenteral therapy and treatment, aiming to increase patient safety by preventing progression of the patient general condition and local wound status and reducing the possibility of developing infection or other complications of the underlying disease. In the overall patient management, through nursing process, medical interventions are implemented and aimed to maintain and optimize health status, prevent complications of existing diseases and conditions, provide appropriate wound treatment, increase satisfaction, reduce pain, increase mobility, reduce and eliminate aggravating factors, and achieve a satisfactory functional and aesthetic outcome. Many scientific researches and knowledge about the pathophysiological processes of wound formation and healing are currently available. Modern achievements can accelerate independence, reduce pain and encourage faster wound healing, thus it is important to continuously develop awareness, knowledge and experience, along with the treatment to achieve, maintain and enhance the quality of health care and patient safety. PMID:25326985
Érica Toledo de Mendonça
Full Text Available The study has as object in nursing knowledge built during the Brazilian Sanitary Reform Movement, printed in the Annals of the Brazilian Nursing for the period 1977-1980. Objective: To analyze the content relating to this national health policy in the annals of the Brazilian Congress of Nursing in force from 1977 to 1980. This is a social-historical study, exploratory analysis that used the documentary as a research technique. We analyzed the Annals of the Brazilian Nursing the period 1977-1980, and categorization of selected themes in the corpus. The nurses, as actors engaged in national health system, they made a scientific output that showed signs of incorporation of political and social reality, building a knowledge in public health in line with the ideals sanitarians.
Ageing increases the risks of dementia and there are an estimated 667,000 people in England living with dementia. Less than half have a formal diagnosis. Community nurses are now being asked to screen older people for dementia under the Commissioning for Quality and Innovation framework. This article provides a brief explanation of common screening tools and explains the community nurse's role in identifying people who may have undiagnosed dementia. PMID:24471228
Luciana Valadão Alves Kebian, Sonia Acioli
Full Text Available Objective: to recover the different health care practices performed throughout the history of public health nursing in Brazil, since the 20th century. Methodology: the research was conducted through literature review, in February 2010, the databases Scielo and Database of Nursing. Moreover, it was researched in the Library of the Faculty of Nursing, University of Rio de Janeiro. For the screening of the studies used the analysis of titles and abstracts. Results: it was observed that nursing care was founded care practices on religion and charity; and evolved from 20th century repressive health practices and strictly curative and individualizing biomedicine techniques to humanized and comprehensive practices, as proposed by the new nursing theories, and collective practices, as recommended by principles and guidelines of the Unique Health System. Conclusion: the individualizing and curative care practices used throughout nursing history still permeate nurses work. Although today a number of care practices are focused on collectivity, comprehensive care and health promotion, the hospital-centric approach remains strong, hence promoting stratified and palliative health care.
For nurses interested in keeping up to date with developments in geriatric treatment, this set of resources created by expert practitioners will be quite a find. The entire site was developed as part of the Nurse Competence in Aging initiative created by the American Nurses Association. Here, visitors can read over twenty-five two-page assessment tools that include such helpful titles as â??Assessing Nutrition in Older Adultsâ?, â??Predicting Pressure Ulcer Riskâ?, and â??Immunizations for the Older Adultâ?. Written in clear and direct language, these resources will also be of assistance for nursing educators and those who are responsible for professional development workshops. It is also worth mentioning that these short tools are designed as screening tools, and are not for diagnosis.
Soble, Irene Carol
This study designed and tested a computerized nursing assessment based on the concept of self-care in nursing (Orem, 1980). Previous research by Horn and Swain (1978) served as the guide in the development of a paper-based assessment tool. The paper-based assessment was then transformed into a computer-assisted assessment. A control assessment, structured paper-based and computer-assisted assessment were evaluated for time, quantity and quality of nursing diagnoses, and acceptance by nurses. ...
Taylor, I; Robertson, A
Although there is a general dearth of nursing literature on health issues specific to gay (homosexual) men, the literature reviewed shows that gay men have particular concerns related to anti-homosexual feelings anticipated and experienced from health professionals. The effects of homophobia in wider society may cause high levels of emotional distress in some gay men, which is associated with a higher incidence of substance misuse, parasuicide, bipolar psychiatric disorders and depression. Gay men also have specific needs with regard to general medical problems, including hepatitis, HIV infection and some other sexually transmitted diseases. Gay men may also present to health services for a wide range of general medical, surgical and mental health problems. Some specific health needs are discussed: general health, sexual health and bereavement counselling. These issues may affect individuals differently through various stages in the lifespan, and nurses should be cognizant of them during their assessment of client needs. Minimum counselling skills, together with appropriate training about gay issues, are required if nurses are to deal effectively with clients' needs. PMID:7963065
Frazier, William D.
A study was conducted to identify staffing patterns for nursing personnel in the health care institutions of Oklahoma in order to predict future needs for nursing education and training. Structured interviews with administrators and directors of nursing from eighteen hospitals and eighteen nursing homes were used to elicit demographic data
Mapanga, K. G.
This article describes nursing in Zimbabwe within the context of primary health care, delineating various levels of delivery of nursing practice, educational preparation levels and implications for practice. This picture is intended to capture the quality of nursing care that is congruent to clients expectations of the ever-changing Zimbabwean society. Nursing programs at various levels include health assessment, nursing process and nursing research. Clinical specialization including funct...
Beck, Anne Marie
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between underweight status and weight loss events on the need for health care assistance among a sample of Danish nursing home residents over 12-months. Design: Longitudinal, repeated measures design with three data collection points at baseline (2004) and six and 12 months post baseline. Setting: 11 Danish nursing home facilities. Participants: 441 Danish nursing home residents over the age of 65. Measurements: Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI-NH) data were abstracted for each participant at each of three data collection points. RAI-NH data related to facility staff ratings of residents physical functioning (Activities of Daily Living, ADL) status and their need for health care staff assistance related to ADLs were collected at each time point in addition to the resident weight status and experience of weight loss according to three criterion (i.e., > 1%, >5% or >10% of baseline body weight at 6 or 12 months) and Body Mass Index (BMI) values. Results: Low BMI (< 18.5) and weight loss were both significantly associated with the need for staff assistance with ADLs during a 12-month timeframe. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that elderly nursing home residents with a low BMI or weight loss may add to the substantial and costly burden of nursing home care due to the associated need for higher levels of ADL assistance.
Borycki, Elizabeth M.; Frisch, Noreen; Kushniruk, Andre W.; McIntyre, Marjorie; Hutchinson, David
In Canada there are few nurses who have advanced practice competencies in nursing informatics. This is a significant issue for regional health authorities, governments and electronic health record vendors in Canada who are implementing electronic health records. Few Schools of Nursing provide formalized opportunities for nurses to develop informatics competencies. Many of these opportunities take the form of post-baccalaureate certificate programs or individual undergraduate or graduate level...
Wu, Chia-Yi; Lin, Yi-Yin; Yeh, Mei Chang; Huang, Lian-Hua; Chen, Shaw-Ji; Liao, Shih-Cheng; Lee, Ming-Been
The evidence of suicide prevention training for nurses is scarce. Strategies to enhance general nurses' ability in suicide risk assessment are critical to develop effective training programs in general medical settings. This study was aimed to examine the effectiveness of an interactive discussion group in a suicide prevention training program for general nurses. In this randomized study with two groups of pre-post study design, the sample was recruited from the Medical, Surgical, and Emergency/Intensive Care Sectors of a 2000-bed general hospital via stratified randomization. Among the 111 nurses, 57 participants randomly assigned to the control group received a two-hour baseline suicide gatekeeper lecture, and 54 participants assigning to the experimental group received an additional five-hour group discussion about suicide risk assessment skills. Using a case vignette, the nurses discussed and assessed suicide risk factors specified in a 10-item Chinese SAD PERSONS Scale during a group discussion intervention. The findings revealed that the nurses achieved significant and consistent improvements of risk identification and assessment after the intervention without influencing their mental health status for assessing suicide risks. The result suggested an effective approach of interactive group discussion for facilitating critical thinking and learning suicide risk assessment skills among general nurses. PMID:24768204
Backes, Vânia Marli Schubert; do Prado, Marta Lenise; Lino, Mônica Motta; Ferraz, Fabiane; Canever, Bruna Pedroso; Gomes, Diana Coelho; Martini, Jussara Gue
The study aimed to describe the panorama of Education in Nursing and Health from abstracts of theses and dissertations published by nurses in Brazil between the years 2001 to 2009. This is a bibliometric, descriptive and quantitative study. Data were collected in the "Catalogue of Theses and Dissertations" from CEPEn/ABEn. After reading the abstracts and systematization of the material, analysis was performed using descriptive statistics. It was reviewed 4.101 studies, 523 of them on the theme of education. From these, 67% were dissertations and 33% of them were theses, predominantly produced in the southeast of Brazil. One conclude that the representation of the theme in the national context is significant and contributes to the advancement of knowledge in the field of Nursing, even though there are regional differences in the production process of this area of knowledge. PMID:23743846
Dimoliatis Ioannis DK; Alamanos Yannis; Pappas Noula A
Abstract Background Previous studies on self-rated health among nurses have indicated an association of low job satisfaction and stress in relation to poor self-rated health. The relationship between self rated health and the specific work characteristics and health related behaviours of nurses to our knowledge have not been adequately studied. Objective To investigate the health profile of nurses working in hospitals in North West Greece and to examine the associations between self rated hea...
Emam, Sanaa Abdel-aziz; Nabawy, Zeinab Mohamed; Mohamed, Azzaa Hassan; Sbeira, Walaa Hashem
Work climate is indicative of how well the organization is realizing its full potential. An accurate assessment of work climate can identify the unnecessary obstacles to nurses interfering with their best performance. The present study aims to assess nurses' work climate at Alexandria Main University Hospital. The study sample included all nurses (N=400) who were working in inpatient medical and surgical units at the Alexandria Main University Hospital who were available at the time of data collection. A structured questionnaire was developed to assess nurses' perceptions regarding the dimensions of work climate. Data was collected by individual interview using the structured questionnaire. Results indicated that the highest percentages of nurses in medical and surgical units perceived that their work climate is characterized by good way of performance management, feeling of responsibility, warmth and supportive relationships, quality of communication, morale, organizational clarity and feeling of identity and belongness to the hospital. Nurses perceived that they are lacking work climate conducive to conflict resolution, participation in decision making, opportunity for training and development, fair rewards and recognition, calculated risks, sufficient resources, effective leadership and teamwork. There were no significant difference between nurses perceptions in medical and surgical units regarding all dimensions of work climate. The highest percentage of nurses in all units were satisfied only with the feeling of responsibility, way of performance management, and quality of communication. Conflict and identity were perceived as the most important areas that need improvement in the hospital. Based on the results recommendations were given to enhance work climate through designing compensation and recognition systems, and negotiate their requirements and accomplishment based on established standards and outcomes measures. Also, encouragement of and planning for participative decision making, teamwork, in-service training program and open communication are recommended to be present in the work units. PMID:16922154
Joan Kub; Christine Savage
The health of individuals occurs within the context of their environment and the other individuals they interact with in the communities they live in, work in and visit. Promoting the health of the public requires multiple strategies aimed at improving the environment, the health knowledge of groups and individuals, maintaining adequate food and water, and reducing the spread of disease. Many disciplines are needed to meet these goals, but the largest segment of the professional health work f...
Top, Mehmet; Yilmaz, Ali; Karabulut, Erdem; Otieno, Ochieng George; Saylam, Melahat; Bak?r, Sevgi; Top, Sümbül
Using of EMR in health services and organizations is steadily increasing for quality improvement, cost effectiveness and performance development. However, no validated national and international instruments (scale, questionnaire, index, and inventory) have assessed the effectiveness, satisfaction, health care savings, patient safety and cost minimization of electronic medical and health systems from the viewpoint and perceptions of nurses in Turkish health services. The perceptions of health care professionals especially physicians and nurses can contribute important information that may predict their acceptance of EMR and desired mode of use for EMR, evaluation performance of EMR thus guiding EMR implementation in hospitals. This article is a report of validation of the instrument to measure nurses' views on the use, quality and user satisfaction with EMR in Turkish health system. Items in the questionnaire were designed and obtained following O.G. Otieno, H. Toyama, M. Asonuma, M. Kanai-Pak, K. Naitoh's questionnaire about Use, Quality and User Satisfaction with EMR systems. Reliability and validity were examined and investigated in terms of responses from 487 nurses from one education hospital in Ankara, Turkey. This study was planned and conducted at a university hospital. The validation process was based on construct validity in this study. The response rate was 74.92 %. Cronbach's alphas of three factors (use, quality and satisfaction of EMR) ranged from 0.78 to 0.94. Goodness-of-fit indices from the confirmatory factor analysis showed a reasonable model fit. Results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that ?(2) statistic indicated significant result (p?validation of the instrument could yield positive results in health systems in the different countries. Also further validation and reliability studies could be planned on physicians and other health professionals. PMID:25957164
Furlan, Marcela Martins; Ribeiro, Cléa Regina de Oliveira
The focus of Mental Health Care in Brazil has been on community psychiatric care services that replace the asylum model. However, individuals with mental disorders continue to shift between community services and psychiatric hospitals, besides becoming a target of the disciplinarization and violence that question the quality of the nursing care being delivered. The objective of this study is to understand the ontology of nursing care in psychiatric hospitalization. Participants were four individuals with mental disorders who attended a center for psychosocial care, who agreed to talk about their psychiatric hospitalization experience by means of a semi-directed interview. The subjects remembered about their psychiatric hospitalization and assigned meanings to it. Heidegger's Existential Analysis was used, and thus generated the Meaning Unit: Being-in-the-world cared with impersonality; which allowed to unveil the phenomenon through Dasein's structure, and thus made it possible to outline the ontological care in nursing in psychiatric hospitals. PMID:21655789
Volkman, Julie E.; Hillemeier, Marianne M.
This study examined school nurses' communication with community physicians and its relationship to school nurse satisfaction with school health services. A stratified random sample of school nurses in Pennsylvania (N = 615) were surveyed about communication effectiveness with community physicians, satisfaction with school health services for
The overall aim of this thesis was to describe and explore the health status and health care needs of persons with stroke in relation to care planning following acute hospital care, as well as health status in persons living in nursing homes (NHs), focusing on those with stroke, their nursing care needs and nursing care. The RAI, a multidimentional instrument, was used to assess the health status of the persons. Patients (n= 114) from two acute stroke wards were assessed...
N. Raees Dana
Full Text Available Introduction: Anecdotes abound about obesity and obese person being ridiculed and society attitudes about obese persons are clearly negative and many of health care workers, also believes these myths. This study was performed to determine the attitudes of nursing students of Semnan University of medical sciences about obesity myths. Materials and Methods: This research was a descriptive-analytic study and was performed on 115 of the nursing students of the Semnan University of Medical Sciences in May 2006. Data was collected with researcher-made questionnaire, which it was composed of demographic data and 25 common myths about obesity. The myths were selected from the internet using key word "Obesity myths". We used 5-point Likert scale for the assessment of nursing student's attitude. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS program using chi-square and spearman correlation test. Results: The result of study showed that nursing students have anti-fat bias towards obese individuals and some of their attitudes need corrections, however, 59/1% of the students have positive attitudes about obesity myths (disagreement with obesity myths. Conclusion: Nurses are at first line of confrontation with clients and patients. Beliefs and attitudes of nurses can contribute to providing care of obese individuals. More education about obesity concept is necessary.
Full Text Available Introduction: much effort was conducted to support the use of electronic record systems in nursing process. Some of the most important reasons for its application are efficiency, security and the quality of the patients data registration. The purpose of this study is to present electronic registration software of patients, health assessment and to determine the attitude of nurses towards it. Methods: this is a R&D leading to construction of the patients health assessment software. In the beginning, Gordon Model and the daily charts of the patients were prepared to paper. During the next 8 months these charts were converted into the software programs. The databases were implemented using the SQL server and C#Net programming language. Results: the software used in this study included 4 parts; the first one contained information of Gordon health assessment model in 11 items, the second contained charts of the study, the third part consisted of Lund-Browder table and dummy data table for 4 age groups, and the fourth one was image infor-mation storage part for burn wounds pictures. Conclusion: despite barriers, electronic systems could lead to confidential information, increase the quality of nursing records, and also reduce the amount of expenses.
Susan G. Williams
Full Text Available Nursing faculty continue to find themselves challenged to meet student needs by the increasing student enrollment numbers and increasing faculty workloads without simultaneously increasing resources. The responsibility to meet student needs rests on the nursing faculty. It is therefore increasingly important that nursing faculty implement teaching modalities to meet student and patient needs. This article demonstrates facultys use of service-learning as an effective, innovative teaching modality to meet increasing student, patient, and community needs without additional resources. The authors seek to differentiate between service learning and contracted clinical experiences in order to enable nurse educators to use service learning as a teaching modality. The authors describe the process of using service learning with nursing process in this course. Nursing assessment is built into the project as a windshield survey. A literature review was conducted seeking to understand other uses of service learning in education and validate the authors experiences. This three-credit hour lecture and one credit hour clinical course has yielded unique and interesting service learning projects that positively impact their communities. The students work with cohorts of all races, ethnicities and cultures throughout the lifespan. Service-learning opportunities assist in the availability and accessibility of health care to safety net facilities and vulnerable populations who may not otherwise receive health care screening or treatment. Faculty in nursing and other health disciplines will likely appreciate the innovation, creativity, and autonomy afforded this modality of outreach.
Community health practice in various forms has been recorded for over 5 000 years (Anderson, 1969). The ancient Egyptians developed a community system for water supply and sewage disposal. The Hebrews focused on the promotion of health through the Mosaic code which regulated personal hygiene, food, sanitation, maternal health, and more. The Greeks (500-100 BC) emphasised values of personal hygiene and exercise. The Romans (100 BC - 500 AD), on the other hand, were concerned with the State rat...
Full Text Available Yuqun Zhang,1,2 Yueqiu Zhao,3 Shengqin Mao,1 Guohong Li,4 Yonggui Yuan1 1Department of Psychosomatics and Psychiatry, Affiliated Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, Peoples Republic of China; 2Nursing Faculty of Southeast University, Nanjing, Peoples Republic of China; 3Nanjing Health School, Nanjing, Peoples Republic of China; 4Nursing Department, Affiliated Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, Peoples Republic of China Objective: To explore health anxiety in a sample of nursing students to determine the relationships between health anxiety and life satisfaction, personality, and alexithymia.Methods: Two thousand and eighty-six nursing students in junior college, which were divided into five groups, were evaluated by questionnaires, including the Life Satisfaction Scales Applicable to College Students, the Chinese version of the Short Health Anxiety Inventory, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20, and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. Results: The mean age, whether the individual was an only child, residence (urban or rural, and were significantly different between the groups. The self-assessment scores were also significantly different between the groups. The Short Health Anxiety Inventory total score and the factor of fearing the likelihood of becoming ill were significantly negatively correlated with the Life Satisfaction Scales Applicable to College Students total score and its two factors, but were significantly positively correlated with psychoticism, neuroticism, and TAS-20 total scores and its scores of the three TAS-20 factors. The negative consequence scale of Short Health Anxiety Inventory was not significantly correlated with externally oriented thinking, but was significantly negatively correlated with extraversion. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicted that objective satisfaction, subjective satisfaction, neuroticism, and the three factors of TAS-20 were predictors of health anxiety.Conclusion: Health anxiety was correlated with life satisfaction, personality, and alexithymia in junior college nursing students. Subjective and objective satisfaction, neuroticism, and the identification and expression of emotions may be predictors of health anxiety in nursing students. Keywords: life satisfaction, personality, alexithymia
Turnbull, J; Beese, J
Community mental health nurses working within the criminal justice system undertake an important function with regard to the strategic intent that wherever possible, mentally disordered persons should receive care and treatment from health and social services. Their precise role, and the particular function of court diversion/assessment schemes, is still being defined. This takes place within a broader context of reorientation of mental health nursing within the move to community care and exposure to the complexity of multidisciplinary working. Examining the experience of mental health nurses in court diversion schemes reveals the intensity of the experience of working in an inter-professional setting without the benefit of preparation or training, and without the frame of reference of a structured health environment. Adaptation of the language of mental health nursing was necessary to effect mutual understanding with other professional groups, and there was a recognition that the competences needed to operate in this environment had not previously been identified as part of their skills base. The result was to bring into question their professional practice and identity as mental health nurses. The handling of patient information in the context of an inter-professional setting remains an issue requiring clarification. PMID:11933400
Full Text Available Background: The efficiency of the health care system is significantly dependent on the appropriate leadership and guidance of employees. One of the most frequently used new approaches in human resources management is the study of competencies and competency models. The aim of this research is to develop a competency model for leaders in nursing, and to compare it with the leadership competency model for state administration.Methods: A survey was conducted among 141 nurse leaders in Slovenia. The respondents were asked to complete questionnaire with 95 leadership behaviours that form the leadership competency model for leaders in nursing. The data were analysed by ANOVA and Tukey's honestly significant differences test.Results: The levels of competencies set for themselves by leaders at the third leadership level in nursing (leaders of small units and teams are significantly lower than those set by all other leaders, both in nursing and in state administration. Statistically significant differences were apparent in the majority of areas.Conclusion: Within the context of the comparison of competency models, the greatest need for training can be observed at the third level of leadership in nursing. A comparison of models formulated in this way enables the exchange of good practices among leaders from various professional groups and easier identification of the training needs of individual groups of leaders in public administration. The proposed concept is designed to significantly simplify and unify the building of competency-based leadership models in public sector.
KVAS, Andreja; SELJAK, Janko; STARE, Janez
Abstract Background The efficiency of the health care system is significantly dependent on the appropriate leadership and guidance of employees. One of the most frequently used new approaches in human resources management is the study of competencies and competency models. The aim of this research is to develop a competency model for leaders in nursing, and to compare it with the leadership competency model for state administration. Methods A survey was conducted among 141 nurse leaders in Slovenia. The respondents were asked to complete questionnaire with 95 leadership behaviours that form the leadership competency model for leaders in nursing. The data were analysed by ANOVA and Tukeys honestly significant differences test. Results The levels of competencies set for themselves by leaders at the third leadership level in nursing (leaders of small units and teams) are significantly lower than those set by all other leaders, both in nursing and in state administration. Statistically significant differences were apparent in the majority of areas. Conclusion Within the context of the comparison of competency models, the greatest need for training can be observed at the third level of leadership in nursing. A comparison of models formulated in this way enables the exchange of good practices among leaders from various professional groups and easier identification of the training needs of individual groups of leaders in public administration. The proposed concept is designed to significantly simplify and unify the building of competency-based leadership models in public sector.
Full Text Available Community health practice in various forms has been recorded for over 5 000 years (Anderson, 1969. The ancient Egyptians developed a community system for water supply and sewage disposal. The Hebrews focused on the promotion of health through the Mosaic code which regulated personal hygiene, food, sanitation, maternal health, and more. The Greeks (500-100 BC emphasised values of personal hygiene and exercise. The Romans (100 BC - 500 AD, on the other hand, were concerned with the State rather that the individual and set public health measures in relation to building regulations, water supply and community sanitation.
Jacobowitz, Kurt; Strodtman, Linda; Lomas, Timothy; Truax, Terry
The use of computers in facilitating nursing practice has been greatly underutilized. A microcomputer system has been developed to assist the nurse in the capture, storage and retrieval of nursing assessment data for the patient with diabetes mellitus. Presently feedback on practice involves a time-consuming and expensive chart-auditing process. By using a computerized assessment, the nurse can efficiently be given feedback on performance and the quality of nursing data can be monitored and r...
Psychiatric and mental health nursing practice continues to be strongly influenced by tradition, unsystematic trial and error, and authority. Yet the need for quality care that is based on the best and most current empirical research is well documented. Achieving evidence-based practice in the psychiatric nursing specialty will require that qualified nurse researchers conduct research relevant for practice and appropriately disseminate that research to those who can best use it, practicing nu...
Cassidy, Irene; Butler, Mary Pat; Quillinan, Bernie; Egan, Geraldine; Mc Namara, Mary C; Tuohy, Dympna; Bradshaw, Carmel; Fahy, Anne; Connor, Maureen O'; Tierney, Catherine
The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical competence assessment in BSc nursing registration education programmes. This research was undertaken in two phases and incorporated both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. In the first phase, two focus groups were conducted with preceptors working in general, mental health and intellectual disability nursing (n=16). In the second phase, a survey was undertaken with preceptors (n=837) in these disciplines. This paper reports on the focus group findings of preceptors' views and experiences of assessing undergraduate nursing degree students using a competency based approach. A semi-structured interview guide was used to focus the discussions. Three higher order categories that emerged included: attitudes to competencies, being a preceptor and competencies in practice. Competing demands in the clinical environment impacted on preceptors' experiences of the assessment process. Difficulties such as the wording of competency documentation and incorporation of skills into the assessment were articulated. The importance of a regional and national review of competency assessment systems to find a common language for student assessment as well as promoting greater student skill development within competency frameworks is recommended. These findings; highlight the importance of making assessments more workable within the current environment and aim to inform future development of competence assessment. PMID:22640780
Full Text Available The prevalence of dementia is predicted to increase significantly as the population ages and with no foreseeable cure options the burden of dementia will continue to grow. Early diagnosis provides many benefits, including timely access to appropriate support services and provision of tailored therapeutic interventions for people with dementia and their carers. Memory clinics are a key response to the need for specialist assessment and diagnosis of dementia. Multidisciplinary team memory clinics are considered the gold standard; however, such resource intensive clinics are likely unsustainable. The nurse-led memory clinic format may provide a primary care focused, diagnostic service for dementia that does not have the cost implications of multidisciplinary memory clinics but there is limited research using nurse practitioners. This study is exploring the potential of a nurse-led memory clinic as a primary health care approach to health promotion (brain health awareness, disease prevention (risk factor reduction and early intervention (diagnosis and management of dementia. A realistic evaluation of a nurse practitioner-led memory clinic is described. Realistic evaluation is concerned not only with the outcomes of an intervention but also with the context and mechanisms of the intervention. We are using a mixed methods case study design to describe and evaluate the impact of the nurse practitioner-led memory clinic. The nurse practitioner in this study is an advanced practice aged care nurse who focuses on mental health, and dementia diagnosis, management and risk factor reduction. This study seeks to inform the development of an expanded scope role for nurse practitioners in assessment and referrals for dementia diagnosis. The heterogeneity of clients attending the nurse-led memory clinic will allow us to evaluate what works in the memory clinic, for whom, and under what circumstances, in what respects, and to what extent.
Achor Justin U
Full Text Available Abstract Background There is increasing public and professional awareness of autism spectrum disorders with early recognition, diagnosis and interventions that are known to improve prognosis. Poor knowledge about childhood autism among paediatric and psychiatric nurses who are members of multidisciplinary teams that care for such children may be a major barrier to early interventions that could improve quality of life and prognosis in childhood autism. Factors that influence knowledge about childhood autism among these nurses are not known. This study assessed knowledge about childhood autism among paediatric and psychiatric nurses in Ebonyi state, Nigeria and determined the factors that could be influencing such knowledge. Methods Forty specialist paediatric and forty psychiatric nurses, making a total sample of eighty, were randomly selected from all the health care facilities in Ebonyi state, Nigeria. A socio-demographic questionnaire and knowledge about childhood autism among health workers (KCAHW questionnaire were administered to them and the study was a point survey. Results The total mean score on the KCAHW questionnaire among the nurses that participated in the study was 12.56 ± 3.23 out of a total of 19 possible. The mean score for the paediatric nurses was 11.78 ± 3.64 while psychiatric nurses had mean score of 13.35 ± 2.58. The mean scores in Domain 1 were 6.17 ± 1.75 for the paediatric nurses and 6.52 ± 1.43 for the psychiatric nurses. The mean scores in Domain 2 were 0.65 ± 0.48 for the paediatric nurses and 0.80 ± 0.41 for the psychiatric nurses. Domain 3 showed mean scores of 1.97 ± 1.25 for the paediatric nurses while psychiatric nurses scored 2.62 ± 1.23. Domain 4 yielded the mean scores of 2.97 ± 1.54 and 3.42 ± 0.98 for the paediatric and psychiatric nurses respectively. There was significant relationship between the total mean score on the KCAHW questionnaire for the two groups and the area of specialisation of the nurses (t = -2.23, df = 78, p = 0.03 and there was also significant relationship between previous involvement in managing children with childhood autism as a specialist paediatric or psychiatric nurse and the total mean score on the KCAHW questionnaire (t = 6.90, df = 78, p = 0.00. Conclusion The scores reflect deficits in knowledge about childhood autism among the study cohorts. Paediatric and psychiatric nurses as members of multidisciplinary teams that care for children with childhood autism are expected to provide holistic care and adequate counselling to the families of these children. Unfortunately in this environment, they are not fully equipped with enough knowledge about childhood autism. Education on childhood autism is therefore needed and can be provided through continuing medical education and emphasizing childhood autism in their training curriculum. This will enhance early identification and diagnosis of childhood autism with early interventions that are known to improve prognosis.
...invitational summit that focuses on Nursing Workforce Diversity (NWD...our ability to diversify the nursing workforce. The goal of the summit...Hansen, MHSA, RN, NE-BC, Nurse Consultant, Nursing Practice and Workforce...
Stacey, Gemma; Stickley, Theodore
This theoretical review discusses the complexities of understanding and applying the concept of recovery for pre-registration mental health nursing. It is suggested that reframing recovering as a threshold concept in mental health nurse education will illuminate the issues and challenges that students and educators appear to encounter. This is attributed to the transformative nature of learning in this area which requires the student to reassess beliefs and prejudices and enter into an uncertain territory where knowledge and values are questioned. Educational approaches are proposed which aim to facilitate the depth of learning required to engage with the concept of recovery at this level whilst responding sensitively to the students' potential reluctance, discomfort and in some cases resistance. Teaching recovery in mental health nursing therefore challenges educators to use any and every approach that stimulates emotional and transformational learning. As such, recovery in mental health is a threshold concept, that once learned, may transform not only the learner in the classroom but their practice in the future. PMID:22341997
To summarize the whole experience, I will simply say that the problem of finding a clinical placement in mental health was successfully resolved. Drawing on past experience, fitting together the goals of our nursing program with an unmet health care need in the community, developing a plan, negotiating for an opportunity to implement the plan and evaluating the effectiveness of that plan have all taken place. The outcome was positive for all involved. Nursing students in our program will continue to have an experience in Adult Foster Care Homes because we all grew from the experience. As a result of this experience I can say that a clinical placement in Adult Foster Care Homes provides not only service to the community, but also a valuable learning experience for baccalaureate nursing students. My students left their experience with an increased awareness of the multiple health needs of the chronically mentally ill. And more importantly, they left the experience with increased skills toward meeting the health care needs of that population. This awareness and skill will be invaluable as they continue to work with clients in all community and institutional settings. PMID:6262289
This study focused on the nurses experiences with multicultural clients in sexual and reproductive health care in Kokkola. The purpose of the study was to describe nurses experiences when facing multicultural clients in sexual and reproductive health care. The goal of the study was to gain information for the development of the nursing practice and education in the field of multicultural nursing. The research was conducted by combining both qualitative and quantitative research met...
Full Text Available Background: Nurses are responsible and accountable for their nursing practice and there is a need to be culturally and linguistically competent in all of their encounters. To be culturally competent community nurses should have the appropriate transcultural education. It is therefore important to assess the level of cultural competence of the community nurses, within their everyday practice.Aim: The aim of the article was the cultural adaptation of the cultural competence assessment tool based on Papadopoulos,Tilki and Taylor Model in a sample of Cypriot community nurses.Methodology: To explore the psychometric properties of the Cultural Competence Assessment Tool that has been distributed in a sample of 28 community nurses. Also, a pre and post-measurement has been applied as to assess the test-retest reliability of the tool.Results: The analysis has shown that the Cultural Competence Assessment Tool has good psychometric properties and it iseasy to understand by the community healthcare professionals. Results showed that 60.7% disagreed that there is the samelevel of cultural competency with other European countries and 89.3% reported that assessment of their cultural competence is needed. Using the special analysis software for this tool, the pilot study showed that Cypriot community nurses have some degree of cultural awareness.Conclusion: Culturally competent care is both a legal and a moral requirement for health and social care professionals.Valuing diversity in health and social care enhances the delivery and effectiveness of care for all people, whether they are members of a minority or a majority cultural group. Using an appropriate tool for assessing cultural competence is very important and useful for health professionals to be culturally competence.
Alice Yuen Loke; Olivia Wai Man Fung
The purpose of this study was to explore Hong Kong nurses perceptions of competencies required for disaster nursing. Focus group interviews and written inquiry were adopted to solicit nurses perceived required competencies for disaster care. A total of 15 nurses were interviewed and 30 nurses completed the written inquiry on their perceived competencies related to disaster nursing. The International Council for Nurses (ICN) framework of disaster nursing competencies, consisting of four the...
Mostafa Hosseini; Mohammad Hadi Rahimi; Hossein Kakooei
Research has shown that shift work, in particular night work, can have negative effects on the health, safety and well-being of workers. Our study assessed, in a hospital setting, the effects of bright light (BL) on general health and psychological problems during night shift work. In an experimental design, 15 female nurses at a general hospital that located in Tehran were exposed to moderate bright light (2000 lx) during night work. The evaluation of general health status, job stress, and b...
42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01...false Payments for Medicare+Choice nursing and allied health education...413.87 Section 413.87 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE...87 Payments for Medicare+Choice nursing and allied health...
Full Text Available In 2011 advanced competences in nursing were defined and pilot tested in the Basque Healthcare System, in order to meet the needs of chronic patients. It is assumed that nursing professionals, in a functional sense, can fulfil a liaison role both within the health system and with external stakeholders. Integration between levels of care, the mobilisation of resources and case management are fundamental factors in achieving this objective. Background: In 2010, an overall strategy for tackling the challenge of chronicity was launched in the Basque Country. Its main objective was to drive the Basque Health Service (Osakidetza towards improving care for patients with chronic illnesses (Department of Health and Consumer Affairs, Basque Government and Osakidetza, 2010. Under this strategy, there was a commitment to develop and implement advanced competencies in nursing, with the objective of introducing nursing roles to better meet the needs of chronic patients. Methods: To achieve this objective, a one-group pre-test and post-test pre-experimental design was adopted for this study. We used the SATISFAD questionnaire to assess the satisfaction of patients and caregivers, and the SF-12 and Barthel Index to measure quality of life and level of independence respectively. Results: The experience of introducing the new nursing competencies has been rated as very positive by the participating patients and those around them (their caregivers and families as it is perceived to have resulted in care that is more personalised, better planned and focused on the patient than traditional healthcare. Nevertheless, the process was not found to have significantly improved patient perception of quality of life and level of independence.Conclusions: The implementation of advanced competencies in the Basque Country has shown that case management leads to improvements in social and health care for patients, and their caregivers and families, compared to traditional care.
Full Text Available Current developments towards a German electronic Health Card raise the question whether the card is capable of improving care also for persons with special nursing needs including short-term as well as long-term care patients. The aging of the population - also in Germany - is coupled with an increase in the number of long-term care patients. They are patients who need medical as well as nursing care and who often need care provided by changing care settings (ambulatory care/home care vs. hospital during the course of their illness. Nursing Science has been recognizing the importance of an uninterrupted way of providing patient care (continuity of care as a central issue and has been developing concepts and instruments for case management and discharge management. Both approaches provide mechanisms proven under real life conditions for transferring patients safely from one to another setting. Although nursing telematics covers a wide range of topics, from semantic interoperability to telecare solutions, its primary applications, namely case management and discharge management, are only poorly supported by information and communication technology. It is therefore not surprising, that the electronic Health Card in Germany was planned without making any reference to case management and discharge management. Current concepts for the applications of the card simply ignore the scenario of transferring patients with special nursing needs between care settings. Though adjustments of the legal foundations of the electronic Health Card had been made recently, nurses will still not be able to exchange nursing summaries electronically by means of the card because nurses working in nursing homes and for ambulatory nursing services have no access rights for the data on the card. The full exploitation of the card and its potential for innovation does not only depend, however, on granting access rights to all nurses but also on issuing electronic Health Professional Cards (eHPC to nurses similar to the ones of physicians and pharmacists. As the eHPC is a basic prerequisite for using the electronic Health Card its implementation for nurses is required within a short time frame. In conclusion, only when the electronic health card and its applications are available to professional nursing care the growing number of patients with special nursing needs will benefit from its introduction.
Mitchell, Gail J; Cross, Nadine; Wilson, Michelle; Biernacki, Shauna; Wong, Winnie; Adib, Behnam; Rush, Danica
Health care professionals are increasingly aware that persons are complex and live in relation with other complex human communities and broader systems. Complex beings and systems are living and evolving in nonlinear ways through a process of mutual influence. Traditional standardized approaches in chronic disease management do not address these non-linear linkages and the meaning and changes that impact day-to-day life and caring for self and family. The RN health coach role described in this paper addresses the complexities and ambiguities for persons living with chronic illness in order to provide person-centered care and support that are unique and responsive to the context of persons' lives. Informed by complexity thinking and relational inquiry, the RN health coach is an emergent innovation of creative action with community and groups that support persons as they shape their health and patterns of living. PMID:24102025
Boughattas, Aïcha Brahem; Bouraoui, Sana; Debbabi, Faten; El Ghazel, Hatem; Saad, Ali; Mrizak, Néjib
The aim of this study is to assess the genotoxic effect of occupational exposure to antineoplastic drugs on oncology nurses in order to propose a strategy for adequate safety. The study included 20 oncology nurses from the Farhat Hached university hospital-Sousse (Tunisia) exposed to antineoplastic drugs compared to 20 controls. The two groups were paired according to sex, age, and smoking habits. The genotoxic risk assessment was carried out by the micronucleus test and chromosomal abnormalities. The search for the clinical effects of cytostatic drugs was based on a questionnaire. Determination of the level of the exposure to cytostatic was performed by calculation of the index of the exposure to these drugs. The median age of nurses was 36 years. A female prevalence (80%) was noted. The exposed period to cytostatic was 6.1 years. The middle index of cytostatic contact calculated for the whole of the nurses, was of 1.5. However this index becomes higher (>3) in nurses working at day care. A significant increase in frequencies rates for both micronucleus (9.40 vs 4.35) and chromosome abnormalities (1.85% vs 0.30%) were noted in exposed group more than controls. In conclusion, application of genotoxic tests may be useful to detect cytogenetic damage related to occupational exposure to a potentially cancerogenic environment. Results of the present biomonitoring study emphasize the need for developing safety programs. PMID:20870576
Rogers, Bonnie; Kono, Keiko; Marziale, Maria Helena Palucci; Peurala, Marjatta; Radford, Jennifer; Staun, Julie
Access to occupational health services for primary prevention and control of work-related injuries and illnesses by the global workforce is limited (World Health Organization [WHO], 2013). From the WHO survey of 121 (61%) participating countries, only one-third of the responding countries provided occupational health services to more than 30% of their workers (2013). How services are provided in these countries is dependent on legal requirements and regulations, population, workforce characteristics, and culture, as well as an understanding of the impact of workplace hazards and worker health needs. Around the world, many occupational health services are provided by occupational health nurses independently or in collaboration with other disciplines' professionals. These services may be health protection, health promotion, or both, and are designed to reduce health risks, support productivity, improve workers' quality of life, and be cost-effective. Rantanen (2004) stated that basic occupational health services must increase rather than decline, especially as work becomes more complex; workforces become more dynamic and mobile, creating new models of work-places; and jobs become more precarious and temporary. To better understand occupational health services provided by occupational health nurses globally and how decisions are made to provide these services, this study examined the scope of services provided by a sample of participating occupational health nurses from various countries. PMID:25000546
Happell, Brenda; Welch, Tony; Moxham, Lorna; Byrne, Louise
Mental health nursing is not regarded favourably by most Bachelor of Nursing (BN) students as a desirable career option. However, little is known about what attracts those students who do become interested. The primary aim of the current study was to explore BN students' reasons for choosing to undertake the major in mental health nursing and the degree to which completing the subject: "Recovery for mental health nursing practice", confirmed that interest or otherwise. A secondary aim was to examine their perceptions about the attitudes of others to their expressed interest in mental health nursing. A qualitative exploratory study was undertaken with undergraduate nursing students (BN) (n = 12) enrolled in a major stream in mental health nursing. In-depth individual interviews were conducted primarily by telephone. Data were analysed using Colaizzi's steps to explicate the main themes. Two main themes emerged: Swimming against the tide - that's not real nursing, captures participants' experience of the negative attitudes of others to their interest in mental health nursing; and, creating and confirming an interest in mental health nursing, where participants discuss how their interest emerged and how it had been enhanced after completing the subject: Recovery for Mental Health Nursing Practice. Mental health nursing continues to be a stigmatised and undervalued profession both within nursing and the general public. Despite this, participants of this research were attracted to the specialty, and their interest was generally strengthened after completing the Recovery subject. Further research is required to examine the impact of being taught by an academic with lived experience on interest in mental health nursing as a career. PMID:23915692
Ranse, Jamie; Hutton, Alison; Wilson, Rhonda; Usher, Kim
Disasters occur internationally and are nondiscriminatory. The loss resulting from the destruction associated with disasters leads to the development of various levels of psychological trauma in survivors. Health teams provide assistance to survivors before, during and after disasters, and mental health nurses make an important contribution to these teams. However, the leadership role of mental health nurses in disaster situations has not been extensively explored in the literature. This article discusses aspects of mental health nursing leadership in preparation for, response to and recovery from disasters. In particular, recommendations are made to enhance the leadership of mental health nurses in the context of disasters. PMID:26091078
José Luís Guedes dos Santos, Rosângela Marion da Silva, Adelina Giacomelli Prochnow, Carmem Lúcia Colomé Beck, Maria de Lourdes Rodrigues Pedroso, Joséte Luzia Leite
Full Text Available Objectives: to reflect on nurse leadership in a health and nursing work organizational context, as well as to provide material for nurses and nursing students that aim to study and/or improve the exercise of leadership. Methods: a theoretical essay based on a bibliographical narrative review of books, papers, and dissertations; from which three axes of analysis and reflection have been built: searching for a leadership concept, potential development for the exercise of leadership and nurse leadership in the past, present, and future. Results: leadership is an important competence for the nurse in managing the work process and coordinating the activities involving health and nurse care. Thus, the exercise of leadership requires nurses to develop entrepreneurial postures based on the setting of teams, negotiation, power relations share, and exploring human motivation at work. Conclusion: the nurse must be sure of his/her leadership role and try to develop coherently and with a critical view on the reality before different contexts, valuing the multidimensionality of the human being that provides and receives care.
Smolowitz, Janice; Speakman, Elizabeth; Wojnar, Danuta; Whelan, Ellen-Marie; Ulrich, Suzan; Hayes, Carolyn; Wood, Laura
There is widespread interest in the redesign of primary health care practice models to increase access to quality health care. Registered nurses (RNs) are well positioned to assume direct care and leadership roles based on their understanding of patient, family, and system priorities. This project identified 16 exemplar primary health care practices that used RNs to the full extent of their scope of practice in team-based care. Interviews were conducted with practice representatives. RN activities were performed within three general contexts: episodic and preventive care, chronic disease management, and practice operations. RNs performed nine general functions in these contexts including telephone triage, assessment and documentation of health status, chronic illness case management, hospital transition management, delegated care for episodic illness, health coaching, medication reconciliation, staff supervision, and quality improvement leadership. These functions improved quality and efficiency and decreased cost. Implications for policy, practice, and RN education are considered. PMID:25261382
The paper demonstrates a participatory, real-life experimentation-based design approach comprising design as well as organizational implementation of large IT systems. Evaluations within a series of sustained iterative cycles are supported by ethnographically inspired observations to identify and analyze changes to work practices that emerge from using the IT system. The approach might empower users by identifying and turning selected emergent changes into planned interventions and opportunity-based change in the following iteration. A large-scale experiment was conducted where an advanced prototype of an Electronic Health Record (EHR) system was configured in collaboration with clinicians and subsequently exposed to real-life use at an acute neurological stroke unit. The system replaced all paper records. The clinicians used the system 24 hours a day throughout one week. The observations focused on the nurses use of a large shared EHR display during highly collaborative situations. An ethnographic analysis of emergent changes to the nurses work reveals (a) a change from oral presentation to collective reading of patient records, (b) initiation of collective investigations of patient records, and (c) that nurses observations became a prominent part of the shared agenda during interdisciplinary team conferences (attended by all clinicians). The presentation will present video excerpts and audio transcripts from the observations and demonstrate (1) the empowerment experienced by the nurses during the experiment, and (2) the implications with regard to design
Buus, Niels; Cassedy, Paul
In this article, we report findings from a study aimed at developing the content and implementation of a manual for a research-based intervention on clinical supervision of mental health nursing staff. The intervention was designed to strengthen already existing supervision practices through educational preparation for supervision and systematic reflection on supervision. The intervention consists of three sessions and was implemented on two groups of mental health hospital staff. We present an outline of the manual and explain how the trial sessions made us adjust the preliminary manual. The effects of implementing the manual will subsequently be analysed in an independent randomised controlled trial.
Full Text Available Background: Nurses are vulnerable to various sleep disorders because of the nature of their job. If nurses do not experience a good general health, they will not be able to do their job (patient care well. Materials and Method: We conducted a descriptive-comparative study in 180 nurses that were selected with the stratified sampling method who have been working in different work shift hours in teaching hospitals. We used PSQI and GHQ-28 questionnaire for collecting data.Results: The study results showed a statistically significant difference in sleep quality and general health of nurses based on two questionnaires (p=0.01; p=0.05 respectively. Conclusion: According to our findings we suggest fixed working shifts versus rotating one for nurses to reduce the side effects
Full Text Available Background/Objectives: The use of psychosocial interventions has been shown to improve the functioning of individuals with serious mental disorders such as schizophrenia. Such skills have been taught to mental health nurses in community settings for many years and have been well evaluated but there is a paucity of evidence for their use on acute inpatient wards. This study evaluates two teaching modules convened for qualified mental health nurses who are working in acute adult inpatient wards in several mental health units. The purpose of the modules is to teach trainees psychosocial interventions to equip them to care for patients with severe mental illness. The studys objectives are to evaluate the effectiveness of the teaching on the modules and also to evaluate the trainees success in transferring the interventions which they learned into clinical practice. Methods: A quasi experimental design was adopted to ascertain whether or not trainees perceptions of their practice had changed post module and to investigate whether trainees patients reported differences in their nursing care after training. A questionnaire was administered to each trainee (experimental group before and after the modules to elicit their opinion of their ability in caring for patients with severe mental health problems. Their responses pre module were then compared to their responses post module. The effectiveness of the modules was further evaluated by comparing the experimental groups post module responses to those of a group matched for length of service and experience who had not undertaken the modules (reference group. To measure the trainees transfer of psychosocial interventions into practice, a questionnaire was administered to the patients for whom they acted as named nurse throughout their stay on the ward. Their responses were compared to patients for whom the reference group acted as named nurse. The scales were tested for reliability using the Cronbach alpha test and statistical significant was assessed using both paired t-test and Wilcoxons. Results: The study found that the modules were effective in teaching trainees psychosocial interventions, but that they found implementation difficult. Conclusions: The modules were effective in giving trainees more confidence in caring for patients on acute wards. However, ways need to be found to empower trainees to transfer the skills which they have learned in the modules into clinical practice.
Hsiao, Chiu-Yueh; Lu, Huei-Lan; Tsai, Yun-Fang
This study aimed to investigate the factors influencing mental health nurses' attitudes towards people with mental illness. A descriptive correlation design was used. A sample of 180 Taiwanese mental health nurses was recruited from mental health-care settings. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's product-moment correlation, Student's t-test, one-way anova, and a hierarchical multiple regression analysis. Negative attitudes were found among mental health nurses, especially with respect to individuals with substance abuse compared with those with schizophrenia and major depression. Mental health nurses who were older, had more clinical experiences in mental health care, and demonstrated greater empathy expressed more positive attitudes towards people with mental illness. Mental health nurses working at acute psychiatric units demonstrated more negative attitudes towards mental illness compared with those working in psychiatric rehabilitation units and outpatient clinics or community psychiatric rehabilitation centres. Particularly, length of mental health nursing practice and empathy significantly accounted for mental health nurses' attitudes towards mental illness. Understanding nurses' attitudes and their correlates towards people with mental illness is critical to deliver effective mental health nursing care. PMID:25963120
Littman, P S; Ritterbusch, J
The Milwaukee Target Cities (MTC) project was the only site within 19 federally funded Target Cities programs to feature a public health nursing model as its sole means of providing comprehensive health-related services to indigent substance abuse clients. We first describe MTC's implementation process, focusing on the public health nursing component, and then present a program evaluation section with selected findings from the ongoing qualitative evaluation. Initially, misunderstandings about the nurses' community-based, family-centered strategy of assuring access to health care through cross-system service linkage dogged the nurses' efforts to explain their roles and mission to federal funders, project management, coworkers, and treatment providers. In the end, after federal funding ended, public health nursing left an enduring legacy of partnerships in the county substance abuse treatment system: education about public health nursing, networking, referral processes, and resources to meet the complex health-related needs of indigent substance abusers. Despite the project's many changes, the nurses (a) became specialists in substance abuse, gaining expertise and recognition in a new community, particularly with isolated subpopulations; (b) assured substance abuse clients and their families access to health-related resources through core public health nursing skills; and (c) educated project staff, administrators, providers, and clients about public health nursing. PMID:9342920
Mosca, Nancy W; Sweeney, Patricia M; Hazy, John M; Brenner, Paul
Meeting the complex needs of a school system and all its members in the event of a bioterrorism (BT) disaster demands a competent workforce. School nurses are in position to be key contributors to planning for and responding to potential BT and disaster events. As part of a state preparedness leadership institute, the BT and disaster preparedness needs of school nurses in a three-county area were assessed and the nurses' preferred method to meet those needs was determined. Using competencies derived from publications by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Association of School Nurses, a survey was created and mailed to school nurses (N = 125) in public and private k-12 schools. Eighty surveys were returned (64% response rate). Responses were analyzed according to BT and emergency preparedness competencies and skills required for the phases of emergency management: mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. Low confidence in preparedness capabilities across almost all categories was reported. High training need was identified across almost all competencies, with 63 percent to 70 percent requesting additional education related to emergency response, infectious disease, hazardous materials, and diagnostic criteria. Although two-thirds report having Internet access in their school office, traditional classroom instruction was overwhelmingly preferred (74%) for training. PMID:16205541
Colquhoun Samantha; Ogaoga Divi; Tamou Mathias; Nasi Titus; Subhi Rami; Duke Trevor
Abstract Objectives To understand the roles of nurses with advanced training in paediatrics in the Solomon Islands, and the importance of these roles to child health. To understand how adequately equipped child health nurses feel for these roles, to identify the training needs, difficulties and future opportunities. Design Semi-structured interviews. Settings Tertiary hospital, district hospitals and health clinics in the Solomon Islands. Participants Twenty-one paediatric nurses were intervi...
Williams B; Brown T; Boyle M; McKenna L; Palermo C; Etherington J
Brett Williams,1 Ted Brown,2 Malcolm Boyle,1 Lisa McKenna,3 Claire Palermo,4 Jamie Etherington1 1Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, 2Department of Occupational Therapy, 3School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash UniversityPeninsula Campus, Frankston, 4Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash UniversityBerwick Campus, Berwick, Vic, Australia Purpos...
Problems with continence are common in older people, therefore quality continence assessment advice and follow up are essential in providing a high standard of care. Many older people can be helped to regain some measure of control over their continence. Continence assessment can often focus on containment rather than cure. This is a sad state of affairs which adversely affects patients' well being. This article explains how continence assessment enables the nurse to assess and treat continence issues and improve quality of life. PMID:18771185
Crabtree, M. Katherine; Stanley, Joan; Werner, Kathryn E.; Schmid, Emily
This document presents the nurse practitioner primary care competencies that a national panel of representatives of nine national organizations of the five primary care nurse practitioner specialties--adult, family, gerontological, pediatric, and women's health--identified as necessary for entry-level primary care nurse practitioners. Section 1
Colditz, Graham A.; Kaphingst, Kimberly A.; Hankinson, Susan E.; Rosner, Bernard
Background Family history of cancer remains underused in general clinical practice. We assess age at diagnosis and the role of family history in risk of breast cancer. Methods Prospective follow-up of Nurses Health Study participants from 1980 to 2006. Updated assessment of family history in mother and sister including age at diagnosis. We used youngest age at diagnosis for family member when classifying risk. We confirmed 4327 incident invasive breast cancers confirmed. Breast cancer incidence models fitted to women with and without family history to assess variation in the risk for established risk factors. Results Compared to women with no family history those whose mother was diagnosed before age 50 had an adjusted relative risk of 1.69 (95% CI 1.39, 2.05) and those with mother diagnosed at 50 or older had a relative risk of 1.37 (1.22, 1.53). Sister history was associated with increased relative risk; 1.66 (1.38, 1.99) for those with sister history before age 50 and 1.52 (1.29, 1.77) for those with sister diagnosed at age 50 or older. Women with either mother or sister diagnosed before age 50 had a relative risk of 1.70 (1.48, 1.95) significantly higher than those with diagnosis at age 50 or older (RR=1.30; (1.27, 1.54), p=0.016). The magnitude of risk associated with established reproductive and lifestyle risk factors did not differ significantly between women with and those without family history with the exception of risk after bilateral oophorectomy in which setting women with family history had greater reduction in risk of subsequent breast cancer. Conclusion Women with a family member diagnosed with breast cancer before age 50 had increased risk of breast cancer compared to women with family members diagnosed at older ages. Consistent findings for risk factors regardless of family history adds to robust evidence for risk identification and risk stratification in clinical settings where prevention strategies will apply equally to women with and without family history. PMID:22350789
Colditz, Graham A; Kaphingst, Kimberly A; Hankinson, Susan E; Rosner, Bernard
Family history of cancer remains underused in general clinical practice. We assess age at diagnosis and the role of family history in risk of breast cancer. Prospective follow-up of nurses' health study participants from 1980 to 2006. Updated assessment of family history in mother and sister including age at diagnosis. We used youngest age at diagnosis for family member when classifying risk. We confirmed 4327 incident invasive breast cancers confirmed. Breast cancer incidence models fitted to women with and without family history to assess variation in the risk for established risk factors. Compared to women with no family history those whose mother was diagnosed before age 50 had an adjusted relative risk of 1.69 (95% CI 1.39-2.05) and those with mother diagnosed at 50 or older had a relative risk of 1.37 (1.22-1.53). Sister history was associated with increased relative risk; 1.66 (1.38-1.99) for those with sister history before age 50 and 1.52 (1.29-1.77) for those with sister diagnosed at age 50 or older. Women with either mother or sister diagnosed before age 50 had a relative risk of 1.70 (1.48-1.95) significantly higher than those with diagnosis at age 50 or older (RR = 1.30; (1.27-1.54), P = 0.016). The magnitude of risk associated with established reproductive and lifestyle risk factors did not differ significantly between women with and those without family history with the exception of risk after bilateral oophorectomy in which setting women with family history had greater reduction in risk of subsequent breast cancer. Women with a family member diagnosed with breast cancer before age 50 had increased risk of breast cancer compared to women with family members diagnosed at older ages. Consistent findings for risk factors regardless of family history adds to robust evidence for risk identification and risk stratification in clinical settings where prevention strategies will apply equally to women with and without family history. PMID:22350789
Dowd, S B; Giger, J N; Davidhizar, R
Nursing science is increasingly gaining recognition. Witness the growing use by other disciplines of nursing's models and ideas. One example is the adoption of the Giger and Davidhizar Model of Transcultural Assessment by non-nursing disciplines to understand and address the needs of a pluralistic multicultural society. Below the authors describe a model to understand culturally diverse clients and show how health professions are using it to provide culturally competent care. PMID:9728301
Duplaga, Mariusz; Andrychiewicz, Anna; Da?da, Jacek
The acceptance of e-health solutions by users representing the main professional groups in the healthcare system is of key importance for the successful development of this field. The attitude of nurses to information technology may influence the process of shaping an e-health environment. This survey was conducted to assess the use of information technologies and opinions about e-health among nurses employed in hospital centers located in an urban area in Poland. The questionnaire included items on the use of computers and the Internet, perception of the importance of e-health systems, and opinions about the roles and benefits of e-health for healthcare stakeholders. The questionnaire was distributed to 215 nurses participating in extension courses. The analysis was performed on 153 questionnaires accepted after quality control. The respondents were convinced about the importance of information technology in the delivery of healthcare services and specifically of e-health systems; however, there was a significant group that expressed skepticism about the need for the development of e-health services in Poland at the moment. The respondents indicated the Ministry of Health, the National Health Fund, and public health specialists as the stakeholders who should have the most important role in initiating e-health development. PMID:23478729
Lucilane Maria Sales da Silva
Full Text Available Objective: to contribute to the discussion about the practice of dyalisis, trying to know the working process in the field. Methods: this is a theoretical study, a bibliographic research of database articles of the SciELO was made, books and thesis that helped the working process of nursin in nefrogy and its tendencies in the last 10 years. Results: in a preliminar analysis, we observed that the acting of nursing in nefrogy has widely been discussed and modified after the Caruaru city tragedy, when the Health Ministry established the Technical Rules to the dialisys services. Conclusion: otherwise, reflecting the impact of these changes, aiming to care, value and emancipate each other, it is required an urgent mobilization of the nurses, along with the class groups. Aiming to acomplish the necessary changes in the legislation, based on the permanent care and in the meeting of the chronic kidney patient and his citizenship.
Full Text Available Background: Statistics have shown that veteran men and women are at greater risk for suicide than the general population. In order to decrease the incidence of suicide in veterans, nurse practitioners (NPs and other health care professionals must not only become more aware of the risk factors for veteran suicides but also develop strong psychiatric interviewing skills. Purpose: To discuss the risk factors associated with veteran suicide, the assessment tools to ensure a comprehensive suicide assessment and the application of these tools by an NP or other health care professional to a case study. Methods: Review of published literature on the topic. Conclusion: This paper will provide valuable information for NPs and other health care professionals when assessing for suicide risk in veterans.
JUAN, REYES LUNA; PATRICIA, JARA CONCHA; JOSE M, MERINO ESCOBAR.
Full Text Available Estudio cuasiexperimental que describe la adherencia de enfermeras hospitalarias a utilizar un modelo teórico como base de la valoración de enfermería, medida por la actitud y conducta hacia: valoración de enfermería, planificación del cuidado, conocimiento de modelos teóricos e importancia a realiz [...] ar la valoración de enfermería en base aun modelo teórico. Una vez que el grupo experimental se capacitó en relación a modelos y teorías de enfemería y participó activamente en la elaboración de un instrumento de valoración, la adherencia se midió a través de las escalas de Actitud y de Conducta en Salud de Miller, adaptadas por los autores, y por la evidencia escrita en los registros. Para el análisis de los datos se usó la diferencia en diferencia mediante t de Student. Los resultados muestran que la adherencia medida por la actitud fue aceptada con una asociación estadística significativa; en cambio la adherencia medida por la conducta, no mostró diferencias significativas, resultados que fueron respaldados por la evidencia en los registros de enfermería de sólo un 11% de adherencia. Se concluye que los profesionales de enfermería, en términos de conductas adherentes, no evidenciaron cambios significativos antes y después del tratamiento experimental, pero se obtuvieron resultados positivos en términos cognitivos, ya que manifestó una actitud adherente a trabajar con un modelo teórico lo que es muy positivo para la profesión y es, por tanto, la motivación necesaria para lograr los cambios en el nuevo marco de la gestión del cuidado en enfermería Abstract in english This quasi-experimental research study describes the adherence of hospital nurses toward using a nursing model as a guideline for nursing assessment. Adherence was measured according to nurses' attitude and behavior toward nursing assessment, nursing care plan, nurses' knowledge of nursing models, a [...] nd the significance of performing their nursing assessment based on a theoretical model. Once the experimental group received training about nursing theories and models and actively participated in constructing an assessment tool, adherence was measured according to the Miller's Health Attitude Scale and Miller's Behaviour Scale both revised and adapted by the authors. Evidence of adherence was also sought in nursing notes from patients'charts. For data analysis the t test difference in difference was used. Results showed that adherence measured by attitude was statistically significant. On the other hand, no significant differences were observed when adherence was measured according to the behaviour scale. These findings were supported by nurses' notes where little adherence was found. We conclude that in terms of adherence behaviour, nurses did not show significant changes after the initial training. Significant findings were found in terms of nurses' attitude toward working with a nursing model as they showed a tendency to adhere to a model in the attitude scale. The latter is very significant for the nursing profession and it motivates us to continue to enact the current nursing reform focused on nursing care management
JUAN REYES LUNA
Full Text Available Estudio cuasiexperimental que describe la adherencia de enfermeras hospitalarias a utilizar un modelo teórico como base de la valoración de enfermería, medida por la actitud y conducta hacia: valoración de enfermería, planificación del cuidado, conocimiento de modelos teóricos e importancia a realizar la valoración de enfermería en base aun modelo teórico. Una vez que el grupo experimental se capacitó en relación a modelos y teorías de enfemería y participó activamente en la elaboración de un instrumento de valoración, la adherencia se midió a través de las escalas de Actitud y de Conducta en Salud de Miller, adaptadas por los autores, y por la evidencia escrita en los registros. Para el análisis de los datos se usó la diferencia en diferencia mediante t de Student. Los resultados muestran que la adherencia medida por la actitud fue aceptada con una asociación estadística significativa; en cambio la adherencia medida por la conducta, no mostró diferencias significativas, resultados que fueron respaldados por la evidencia en los registros de enfermería de sólo un 11% de adherencia. Se concluye que los profesionales de enfermería, en términos de conductas adherentes, no evidenciaron cambios significativos antes y después del tratamiento experimental, pero se obtuvieron resultados positivos en términos cognitivos, ya que manifestó una actitud adherente a trabajar con un modelo teórico lo que es muy positivo para la profesión y es, por tanto, la motivación necesaria para lograr los cambios en el nuevo marco de la gestión del cuidado en enfermeríaThis quasi-experimental research study describes the adherence of hospital nurses toward using a nursing model as a guideline for nursing assessment. Adherence was measured according to nurses' attitude and behavior toward nursing assessment, nursing care plan, nurses' knowledge of nursing models, and the significance of performing their nursing assessment based on a theoretical model. Once the experimental group received training about nursing theories and models and actively participated in constructing an assessment tool, adherence was measured according to the Miller's Health Attitude Scale and Miller's Behaviour Scale both revised and adapted by the authors. Evidence of adherence was also sought in nursing notes from patients'charts. For data analysis the t test difference in difference was used. Results showed that adherence measured by attitude was statistically significant. On the other hand, no significant differences were observed when adherence was measured according to the behaviour scale. These findings were supported by nurses' notes where little adherence was found. We conclude that in terms of adherence behaviour, nurses did not show significant changes after the initial training. Significant findings were found in terms of nurses' attitude toward working with a nursing model as they showed a tendency to adhere to a model in the attitude scale. The latter is very significant for the nursing profession and it motivates us to continue to enact the current nursing reform focused on nursing care management
Avaliação de competências de médicos e enfermeiros das Equipes de Saúde da Família da Região Norte do Brasil / Assessment of competence of physicians and nurses of the Family Health Team in the Northern Region of Brazil
Hesio, Cordeiro; Valéria Ferreira, Romano; Elaine Franco dos, Santos; Amílcar, Ferrari; Eliane, Fernandes; Telma Ruth, Pereira; Ana Tereza da Silva, Pereira.
Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, realizado com base na análise de questionários aplicados a médicos e enfermeiros dos Estados do Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará e Amapá, no ano de 2006. A pesquisa é parte integrante do Projeto de Expansão do Programa de Saúde da Família (PROESF), subsidiado pela Fundaç [...] ão Cesgranrio. Foram respondidos 346 questionários, sendo 160 por médicos e 186 por enfermeiros. Dentre os resultados encontrados, está o fato de que médicos e enfermeiros que trabalham na Saúde da Família da Região Norte estabelecem um perfil profissional de competência onde há necessidades específicas de educação permanente. Conclui-se, portanto, que a mera adesão à Estratégia de Saúde da Família não garante por si só a dinâmica e o sucesso das ações voltadas à reorganização da rede, à melhoria da gestão e aperfeiçoamento da gerência do SUS. Além disso, a capacitação profissional é precária frente à demanda de formação exigida. Abstract in english In 2006, a quantitative study was accomplished, based on the analysis of questionnaires, applied to both physicians and nurses in the States of Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará and Amapá. The research is part of the Family Health Expansion Project (PROESF), subsided by the Health Ministry and conducted by [...] the Cesgranrio Foundation. Competences were analyzed and grouped according to the parameters of WONCA Europe (European Society of Family Medicine), and supported by the World Health Organization (WHO, WONCA, 2002). A total of 346 questionnaires were answered - 160 by physicians and 186 by male/female nurses. The questionnaire comprised the same questions to physicians and nurses and, after computing data, the results in both groups were quite similar, what made us infer that there is a nucleus of shared competences. As a result, it is clear that both physicians and nurses working with Family Health in this region establish a personal competence profile that shows specific needs in continuing education. As a conclusion, the mere compliance with Family Health strategies does not assure the dynamics and success of actions related to network re-organization and improvement of SUS management. Furthermore, professional capacity is poor, as compared to the exigencies of the required formation.
Ricard, Nicole; Page, Claire; Laflamme, France
New professional legislation and reorganization of mental health services have had a significant influence on mental health nursing practice. Many nurses have demonstrated clinical leadership and have been able to adapt their services to the needs of the population specially in the primary health care setting. However, many believe that the role of nurses is not sufficiently known and optimally utilized in mental health services. In this article we take a critical look at the mental health nursing practice in Quebec and at the essential requirements for its development. This review aims to: 1) describe current trends in the changing roles and the modernization of mental health nursing practice in Quebec, 2) provide an overview of the development of advanced nursing practice and its impact on the quality of mental health services; 3) clarify the concept of advanced nursing practice and position its development in Quebec and 4) propose various strategies for optimizing the role of nurses and their complementarity with other professionals providing mental health services. This review presents innovative practices developed by nurses in the context of the restructuring of mental health services. For example, new nursing roles have been developed to improve the collaboration with general practitioners groups in primary care settings and facilitate the evaluation and monitoring of patient presenting medical and psychological problems. Another interesting innovation was set up by nurses in developing a new service to allow timely access to integrated care for patients with substance abuse and mental health problems. The various testimonies reported in this article illustrate the potential contribution of these nursing innovations in improving the mental health services in Quebec. Also, in few countries, the reform of mental health services has been a good time to recognize this potential. Thus, some countries have repositioned the role of mental health nurses and supported the development of new models of advanced practice in mental health. These developments have been particularly significant in the United States and Australia. In United States, during the 1990s, at least four models of advanced practice in mental health nursing have been developed leading to wide variations in the roles, education, job titles, scope of practice and legal authorizations. Consequently, a consensus model of uniform standards of practice, accreditation and education has been proposed. This LACE model (Licensure, Accreditation, Certification, Education) will be in effect in 2015. Australia has adopted a more systematic approach, unified and progressive to facilitate the development of advanced mental health nursing practice. Australia who, through their many publications, retains more attention since a clear definition of the role of the nurse practitioner in mental health and a legal framework has been adopted at the national level. The Australian experience and the finding from studies suggest that mental health nurse practitioners and nurses who are specialized in mental health have the potential to make a significant contribution to enhancing access to and quality of mental health care through flexible an innovative approaches. So there are more and more evidence and indications that Quebec should invest in enhancing the skills of mental health nurses through the development of advanced nursing practice and integration of this new model in primary care. In addition, researches, funded by the Canadian Services Research Foundation (CHSRF, 2010), shows that the contribution of advanced nursing practice has never been stronger and there is a broad consensus to its value for the Canadian health care system (Dicenso.et Lukosius-Briant, 2010). The implementation of advanced practice nursing role in mental health is part of best practices required to improve care and mental health services and should be taken into account in future Action Plan 2014-2020. PMID:25120119
Shariff, N.; Potgieter, E.
This paper reports part of a bigger study whose aim was to develop an empowerment model that could be used to enhance nurse leaders' participation in health policy development. A Delphi survey was applied which included the following criteria: expert panelists, iterative rounds, statistical analysis, and consensus building. The expert panelists were purposively selected and included national nurse leaders in leadership positions at the nursing professional associations, nursing regulatory bod...
Ss, Vilakazi; Mm, Chabeli; Sd, Roos
The purpose of this article is to explore and describe guidelines for integration of the primary health care approach into a Community Nursing Science Curriculum in a Nursing College in Gauteng. A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual research design was utilized. The focus group interviews were conducted with community nurses and nurse educators as respondents. Data were analysed by a qualitative descriptive method of analysis as described in Creswell (1994:155). Respondents i...
Selma Aparecida Lagrosa Garcia
Full Text Available Objective: To investigate, with a qualitative approach, the role of Obstetric Nurses at the primary level of care given to womens health as a vital component of the multidisciplinary team, which today is fundamental for providing care, prevention as well as health education and promotion, especially in programs whose activities are geared towards primary care of pregnant, parturient, and puerpera women. Methods: Brazilian laws and the determinations of Nursing Councils in reference to the activities of the obstetric nurse were researched, including the nurses responsibilities and limits. The bibliographic search was conducted in health-related journals, lay publications, and the Internet. Results: The conflicts between professional physicians and nurses were discussed. Conclusions: It was concluded that the activities of the nurse, conducting low-risk prenatal clinical visits in the basic healthcare network, has legal and ethical support and provides true benefit to the clients.
This study assessed the impact of caring for AIDS sufferers on the mental health of nurses. This assessment was measured against the level of burnout, stress and depression among 174 nurses caring for people living with HIV and AIDS in Limpopo Province, South Africa. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The questionnaire incorporated the AIDS Impact Scale (AIS), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the participants demographic and profess...
Al-Rawajfah, Omar M; Aloush, Sami; Hewitt, Jeanne Beauchamp
Datasets of gigabyte size are common in medical sciences. There is increasing consensus that significant untapped knowledge lies hidden in these large datasets. This review article aims to discuss Electronic Health-Related Datasets (EHRDs) in terms of types, features, advantages, limitations, and possible use in nursing and health-related research. Major scientific databases, MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, and Scopus, were searched for studies or review articles regarding using EHRDs in research. A total number of 442 articles were located. After application of study inclusion criteria, 113 articles were included in the final review. EHRDs were categorized into Electronic Administrative Health-Related Datasets and Electronic Clinical Health-Related Datasets. Subcategories of each major category were identified. EHRDs are invaluable assets for nursing the health-related research. Advanced research skills such as using analytical softwares, advanced statistical procedures, dealing with missing data and missing variables will maximize the efficient utilization of EHRDs in research. PMID:25421544
Mónica, Burgos Moreno; Tatiana, Paravic Klijn.
Full Text Available Este artículo pretende presentar a enfermería desde el concepto de profesión, con el propósito de argumentar si cumple con los criterios para ser considerada en propiedad como tal. Para ello es necesario considerar la evolución histórica del concepto profesión en enfermería, asociado a los cuidados [...] de salud y la instrucción formal impartida a partir de Florence Nightingale. El análisis de enfermería como profesión es realizado según las características señaladas por Ellis y Hartley, las que consideran aspectos tales como; conocimientos, metodología, nivel educacional, autonomía, ética, contribución social y compensación. Se puede concluir que enfermería es una profesión joven, y que existen fundamentados elementos para argumentar, que se dispone de las herramientas necesarias para seguir desarrollándose. Abstract in english This article aims to introduce the concept of nursing as a profession in order to argue whether it meets the criteria to be considered as such. It is therefore necessary to take into account the historical evolution of the professional concept in nursing, which is associated with health care and the [...] formal instruction that has been taught since the time of Florence Nightingale. Nursing as a profession is analyzed according to the characteristics identified by Ellis and Hartley, including issues such as: knowledge, methodology, education level, autonomy, ethics, social contribution, and compensation. It can be concluded that nursing is a young profession and there are grounds to argue that there are tools available to further develop this occupation.
Verhaeghe, N; De Maeseneer, J; Maes, L; Van Heeringen, C; Annemans, L
The aim of this review was to examine the perceptions of patients with mental disorders and mental health nurses of health promotion targeting physical activity and eating habits in mental health care. An electronic search strategy was conducted. Furthermore, references were searched by hand-searching the reference lists of the retrieved articles from the electronic databases. The literature on perceptions of health promotion and lifestyle interventions in mental health care principally consist of qualitative studies using interviews and focus groups. Positive perceptions of both mental health nurses and patients towards health promotion targeting physical activity and eating habits in mental health care were identified. Contrary, several barriers for integrating healthy lifestyles into the daily life of patients were described. Patients usually want to learn more about healthy lifestyles, but see the ability to change their physical health as beyond their control. In this sense, support from mental health nurses is considered as important. Despite the awareness of the importance of health promotion in mental health care, it appears that visions and attitudes towards the potential of health promotion are in need of change. PMID:21749554
Full Text Available This study was designed to study knowledge, attitudes and views about health promotion among nurse clinicians in rural South Africa. The sample included 90 nurse clinicians (73 primary health care nurses and 17 midwives in the age range of 24 to 59 years (M age 38.4 yr., SD=9.3 in the Northern Province. Results indicate that nurses (66.6% had an inadequate knowledge score on health promotion in this sample. Higher knowledge scores on health promotion were not associated with age and years of experience. However, male nurses had significantly higher knowledge scores on health promotion than female nurses. The majority strongly supported the centrality of their role in health promotion acknowledging the time constraints involved. Better knowledge on health promotion was associated with more positive views on health promotion. More nurses had a satisfactory positive attitude towards health promotion (63.3% than knowledge about health promotion (33.3%. Finally, the study found that compliance with health promotion was seen as a problem but health counselling was nevertheless seen as cost effective.
Powell, Kimberly R; Mabry, Jennifer Lynn; Mixer, Sandra J
Emotional intelligence (EI) is necessary for the development of interpersonal and professional competence in nurses. We argue that the concept of emotional intelligence has particular relevance for mental health nursing leadership. In this critique, we examine the recent empirical evidence (2010-2014) related to emotional intelligence, in general, and nursing, specifically. Correlations between emotional intelligence and better overall health, increased work satisfaction, higher spiritual well-being, and decreased risk of job burnout are noted. We offer suggestions for mental health nurse leaders in developing successful project management teams and improving retention of current leaders. We also provide suggestions for future research. PMID:26091240
Baradell, J G
Survey research was conducted to examine clinical outcomes and satisfaction of patients of psychiatric mental health clinical nurse specialists (CNSs). Patients who had terminated from outpatient psychotherapy with 6 CNSs in 1993 were mailed a questionnaire (N = 223). Follow-ups by mail yielded a response rate of 45% (n = 100). The questionnaires included the Profile of Mood States-Short Form ([POMS-SF]; McNair, Lorr, & Droppleman, 1992). Quality of Life Function ([QOL]; Lehman, 1991), and Patient Satisfaction Scale (Baradell, 1994). Paired difference t-tests were used to evaluate clinical outcomes. Percentages were used to report satisfaction, and Pearson correlations were used to examine the relationship between clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction. The mean age for respondents was 37 years; 82% were female. Diagnoses included depression (46%), adjustment disorders (34%), anxiety (10%), and other (10%). Patients reported significant improvement in all clinical symptoms: anxiety, depression, anger, confusion, fatigue and vigor. Patients reported significant improvement in all domains of QOL: family, social, and job. Patients reported a very high level of satisfaction with the care provided. The more clinical improvement the patients reported, the more satisfied they were with the care provided. If nurses are to be included in a reformed health care delivery system in the future, additional research is essential. PMID:7487165
Hanan A. Al-Ahmadi
OBJECTIVES To examine the magnitude and determinants of job satisfaction in nurses working in Ministry of Health hospitals Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS A modified version of the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire is used to survey 500 nurses in 9 Ministry of Health hospitals in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Three hundred and sixty six nurses from different nationalities responded to the questionnaire (response rate 73%). Data analysis consisted of descriptive sta...
Hansen, Linda M.; Fossum, Mariann; Söderhamn, Olle; Fruhling, Ann
Although nursing personnel have used personal digital assistants (PDAs) to support home health care services for the past ten years, little is known about their experiences. This study was conducted to examine experiences of nursing personnel using a specialized home health care computer software application called Gerica. In addition, this research analyzed how well this application aligned with the workflow of the nursing personnel in their daily care of patients. The evaluation methods inc...
This thesis describes an Action Research (AR) project aimed at the implementation of Evidence Based Practice in a mental health nursing setting in the Netherlands. The main research question addressed in this thesis is: In what way is Action Research with an empowering appropriate to implement Evidence Based Practice in a mental health nursing setting in the Netherlands and what is the effect of this implementation on the care experienced by the client, the nursing interventions and the c...
The study explored and analyzed the actual patient-related documentation performed by a sample of community health nurses working in voluntary home health agencies. The outcome of the study was a system flow chart of that documentation and included: common components of the documentation, where in the existing systems they are recorded, when they are recorded by the nurse and why they are used by the nurses and administrative personnel in the agencies. The flow chart is suitable for use as a ...
Williams, Shanita D.; Hansen, Kristen; Smithey, Marian; Burnley, Josepha; Koplitz, Michelle; Koyama, Kirk; Young, Janice; Bakos, Alexis
It is widely accepted that diversifying the nation's health-care workforce is a necessary strategy to increase access to quality health care for all populations, reduce health disparities, and achieve health equity. In this article, we present a conceptual model that utilizes the social determinants of health framework to link nursing workforce diversity and care quality and access to two critical population health indicatorshealth disparities and health equity. Our proposed model suggests...
Serranheira, Florentino; Smith, Derek
Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) represent a major occupational health concern when considering the relationships between work and disease but associations between MSD and hospital work, especially in the nursing profession, aren't yet full understanded.QMSDuestions that still need to be answered include: Are nurses' work-related musculoskeletal symptoms and injuries dependent on the wards, the hospital organization and even the national occupational health policies that they originated from? Is their MSD related with workplaces demands, equipment, and nurse-patient ratios? Do these factors highlight different nursing occupational exposure to MSD hazards? What are the individual and psychosocial contributes to nurses WRMSDs in different nursing contexts? As such, a new approach which integrates more realistic working conditions, real hospital equipment, workplace features, and individual information would likely be a better way forwards in the addressing the current MSD epidemic among hospital nurses, worldwide...... PMID:25134634
...Health National Institute of Nursing Research; Notice of Closed Meetings...Committee: National Institute of Nursing Research Special Emphasis Panel Assessing...Committee: National Institute of Nursing Research Special Emphasis Panel...
Bertram, Charles L.; And Others
This report describes a project that developed and field tested a model for projecting state-wide manpower needs in the allied health and nursing occupations in West Virginia and presents projections made for sixteen allied health and nursing occupations in the Charleston area. The content of the report is presented in three sections. The first
Kosgeroglu, Nedime; Acat, M Bahaddin; Ayranci, Unal; Ozabaci, Nilufer; Erkal, Sibel
The aim was to determine differences between the dimensions of motivational learning and sociodemographic characteristics of nursing, midwifery and health care students. For the purpose of collecting data on learning-oriented motivations, occupational learning motivation scale (OLMS) was used. The OLMS was designed to assess the constructs of extrinsic, intrinsic and negative factors for learning, cognitive and lifelong learning goals. The mean levels of the items "willingness to help people", "fear of making mistakes" and "willingness to work with those likely to motivate them" were all determined to be high. Significant differences were revealed for the sex of the students (p<0.05). PMID:18768371
Assessment of the learning process through the Maternal and Child Nursing Specialists health care practice Valoración de la formación docente desde los problemas asistenciales en el especialista de Enfermería Materno Infantil.
María José Aguilar Cordero
Full Text Available The curriculum of the Maternal and Child Nursing Specialty is aimed to prepare professionals with theoretical and practical training that enables them to assume the responsibility of the health care of mothers and children as well as to contribute to the training of nurses at different levels. This study has been conducted in the province of Cienfuegos in order to determine the regularities that have been taking place in the learning process through the health care practice and to enable, if it is necessary, a change in the professional performance. As final considerations we have the inadequacies in the learning process as to the integration of health care problems in the formation of graduates of this specialty, according to the new missions of the Medical University and the health services in the area of maternal and child care.El programa de formación académica de la especialidad Enfermería Materno Infantil tiene el propósito de formar un profesional con una preparación teórico-práctica que lo capacite para la atención de salud a la población materno-infantil y contribuir a la formación de los profesionales de enfermería en distintos niveles de salud. El presente trabajo se ha realizado en la provincia de Cienfuegos con el objetivo de determinar las regularidades que han estado presentes en la formación docente desde los problemas asistenciales en el especialista de Enfermería Materno Infantil y posibilitar un cambio, en caso de que sea necesario, en el modo de actuación profesional. Como consideraciones finales se plantean las insuficiencias en la formación docente para integrar los problemas asistenciales en el egresado de esta especialidad, de acuerdo con las nuevas misiones de la Universidad Médica y los servicios de salud en el área de atención materno-infantil.
Valoración de la formación docente desde los problemas asistenciales en el especialista de Enfermería Materno Infantil: antídoto universal para la aterosclerosis / Assessment of the learning process through the Maternal and Child Nursing Specialists health care practice
Norma, Mur Villar; Miriam, Iglesias León; María, Aguilar Cordero.
Full Text Available El programa de formación académica de la especialidad Enfermería Materno Infantil tiene el propósito de formar un profesional con una preparación teórico-práctica que lo capacite para la atención de salud a la población materno-infantil y contribuir a la formación de los profesionales de enfermería [...] en distintos niveles de salud. El presente trabajo se ha realizado en la provincia de Cienfuegos con el objetivo de determinar las regularidades que han estado presentes en la formación docente desde los problemas asistenciales en el especialista de Enfermería Materno Infantil y posibilitar un cambio, en caso de que sea necesario, en el modo de actuación profesional. Como consideraciones finales se plantean las insuficiencias en la formación docente para integrar los problemas asistenciales en el egresado de esta especialidad, de acuerdo con las nuevas misiones de la Universidad Médica y los servicios de salud en el área de atención materno-infantil. Abstract in english The curriculum of the Maternal and Child Nursing Specialty is aimed to prepare professionals with theoretical and practical training that enables them to assume the responsibility of the health care of mothers and children as well as to contribute to the training of nurses at different levels. This [...] study has been conducted in the province of Cienfuegos in order to determine the regularities that have been taking place in the learning process through the health care practice and to enable, if it is necessary, a change in the professional performance. As final considerations we have the inadequacies in the learning process as to the integration of health care problems in the formation of graduates of this specialty, according to the new missions of the Medical University and the health services in the area of maternal and child care.
The process of what information is captured in documenting patient care assessment and how it is summarised, communicated and interpreted by nurses across different healthcare services is the main focus of this thesis. Currently in Ireland, systems within the domain of healthcare are undergoing transformation. Existing practices where health information is collected at one local health organisation level and often duplicated across differing services will not support the strategic goals of th...
Yearous, Sharon Kay Guthrie
The independent, complex role of a school nurse requires accurate documentation of assessments, interventions, and outcomes. Consistent documentation by all school nurses is crucial to study the impact of nursing interventions on children's health and success in school. While standardized nursing languages are available, the actual use of
McKenna, Brian; Thom, Katey; O'Brien, Anthony; Crene, Sally; Simpson, Alexander
The Mental Health (Compulsory Assessment and Treatment) Act (1992) introduced a number of statutory roles that are undertaken by mental health nurses. One of these roles is that of Duly Authorized Officer (DAO). The DAO is responsible for the procedural requirements necessary to facilitate compulsory assessment. Under Section 9(2)(d), the DAO is required to ensure that the purpose of the assessment and the requirements of the notice of assessment are explained to the person in the presence of a member of their family, a caregiver, or other person concerned with the welfare of the person. Three recent High Court decisions under the Habeas Corpus Act 2001 have challenged existing DAO practices in arranging the presence of a third party. This paper presents research, which focuses on unravelling some of the complexities associated with meeting this procedural requirement. It illustrates these complexities through a discussion of the results of an audit of files and three focus groups with mental health nurses who practise as DAO. The paper concludes that national guidelines for practice need to be developed for DAO to assist mental health nurses in meeting this statutory requirement. PMID:19594643
Daly, Jeanette M; Bay, Camden P; Levy, Barcey T; Carnahan, Ryan M
An estimated 50% of nursing home residents have a dementia diagnosis. The purpose of this research was to conduct a needs assessment of directors of nursing (DON) in Iowa nursing homes in relation to caring for patients with Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia. DON responses were linked to Online Survey Certification and Reporting/Certification and Survey Provider Enhanced Reporting (OSCAR/CASPER) data to examine how facility characteristics may be associated with use of and confidence in non-drug management strategies. From 431 questionnaires mailed to DONs, 160 (37%) were returned. Regression analysis showed that those who were more confident in managing challenging behavior were more likely to have satisfaction with current training on managing challenging behaviors and had a psychiatrist available to visit the facility. Facilities with a larger proportion of patients with challenging behaviors being treated with non-drug approaches instead of antipsychotics had DONs who were more likely to be confident in non-drug management strategies and have knowledge about the FDA antipsychotic medications risks. PMID:25676166
Carpenter, Linda J; Garcia, Alexandra A
There is little debate about the importance of preparing nursing graduates to provide culturally sensitive care to an increasingly diverse society. However, it is difficult for nurse educators to fit learning experiences that help students develop cultural competence into already full programs and create mechanisms to evaluate the results. This article describes a study to assess the impact of a study abroad program on developing cultural competence, including cultural awareness, sensitivity, knowledge, and skills. Results from the Cultural Awareness Survey, reflective journals, and interviews illustrate how the study abroad experience influenced the development of components of cultural competence and might influence clinical practice. Results suggest effective teaching strategies to assist students in becoming culturally competent are experiential in nature and include role modeling, reflective activities, and group discussion. PMID:22616405
Full Text Available Aim To investigate the possibility of assessing clinical skill competenceof nursing students by using the Objective StructuredClinical Examination (OSCE.Methods The search for empirical articles on the assessmentof clinical skill competence of nursing students was based onthe SCOPUS electronic database. Search strategy included theutilization of two or three key words based on the MeSH index(OSCE, nursing students and clinical competence. Theanalysis was restricted to papers in the English language duringthe last ten years. Bibliography of selected papers was used tosearch for additional empirical studies as well.Results A review of the literature showed that since 1975,when the first objective structured clinical examination was introduced,there has been a growing interest in the assessmentutilization of clinical skill competence of nursing students.This method of assessment included direct evaluation of clinicalskills in the classroom or hospital room. Application ofobjective structured examination required a good organization,prepared checklists, as well as a number of examiners, time andmoney. By analyzing the efficiency of this method some authorshave pointed out that the use of this method could lead toconsidering health care as a simple set of tasks to be performed,while others have emphasized that by a customized implementationof this method other clinical skill competence of nursingstudents can be also evaluated. Students opinion about thismethod of assessment is different.Conclusion The widespread use of OSCE for the assessmentof clinical skill competence also imposes a number of questionsfor those involved in its planning, implementation and assessment.
Luleci, Emel; Hey, William; Subasi, Feryal
As a result of improved public health and medical advances, not only has life expectancy among older people increased, but the importance of quality of life in terms of health in later life has also increased. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between socio-demographic factors, health-related behaviors, residents' satisfaction, and functional disability levels among elderly people living in nursing homes in Turkey using the World Health Organization's Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF). Data regarding socio-demographic characteristics, chronic health problems, health-related behaviors (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, etc.) were collected from the study group (N=107) by a structured questionnaire during face-to-face interviews. Dependencies in activities of daily living (ADL) of the study group were also assessed using Katz's ADL index. The mean WHOQOL-BREF scores were significantly higher in participants who had independence in performing ADL (bathing, dressing, toileting, transfer, continence, feeding) (p<0.0001, p<0.0001, p<0.0001, p<0.001, p<0.0001, and p<0.001, respectively). It was found that WHOQOL-BREF scores were positively associated with having physical exercise habits and residents' satisfaction with nursing homes; being dependent in dressing were significant predictors of in the study (R(2): 0.38, p<0.003, p<0.0001, and p<0.0001, respectively). Residents' satisfaction from living nursing homes and participation in physical exercise were significant predictors of WHOQOL-BREF scores for those that participated in this study. PMID:17433462
Curry, M D
With growing diversity in the nursing profession and in society, nursing educators face the challenge of selecting textbooks that promote cultural competence. A content analysis of photographs in nine health assessment textbooks was conducted in order to determine: 1) how accurately nurses and patients are presented in terms of race and gender; 2) how race and gender representations have changed over the last decade; and 3) how gender representations vary across different types of chapters within the texts. Although some recently published textbooks included a substantial proportion of photos of minority nurses, males and racial minorities were generally under-represented as nurses. Women and most ethnic minorities were consistently under-represented as patients. Female patients were also under-represented in cardiovascular and respiratory chapters and over-represented in chapters on reproduction. Nursing educators should screen visual images in textbooks for evidence of race and gender bias and inform publishers of the need for non-biased teaching materials. PMID:11902018
Kleinman Leah; Frank Lori; Ciesla Gabrielle; Rupnow Marcia; Brodaty Henry
Abstract Background Multiple instruments exist to measure dementia behaviors, but the nursing staff perspective on those behaviors and their level of burden has not been well measured. The goal of this study was to examine the psychometric performance of the Modified Nursing Care Assessment Scale (M-NCAS), a 28-item nurse rating of burden associated with care for institutionalized individuals with dementia. Nurses rate items in terms of extent to which the behavior or characteristic is presen...
Happell, Brenda; McAllister, Margaret
Preparation of nursing students for practice in mental health settings in Australia has been criticized since comprehensive education replaced preregistration specialist education. Current and projected workforce shortages have given rise to considering the reintroduction of specialization at preregistration level as a potential solution. Support of heads of schools of nursing would be essential for such an initiative to be considered. A qualitative exploratory study was undertaken involving in-depth telephone interviews with heads of schools of nursing in Queensland. Participants generally favoured the concept of specialization in mental health nursing at undergraduate level. Data analysis revealed the following themes: meeting workforce needs, improving quality of care, employability of graduates, an attractive option for students, and what would have to go. Participants identified many benefits to mental health service delivery and consumer outcomes. How the initiative could be developed within an already overcrowded curriculum was identified as the major barrier. This level of support is encouraging if necessary changes to the educational preparation for mental health nursing practice are to be considered. PMID:25109595
Merritt, Michael K; Procter, Nicholas
This paper examines the mental health consultation-liaison nursing (MHCLN) role and links this to the interpersonal relations theory of nurse theorist Hildegard Peplau. The paper argues that, as mental health nursing care around the world is increasingly focused upon meaningful therapeutic engagement, the role of the MHCLN is important in helping to reduce distressing symptoms, reduce the stigma for seeking help for mental health problems and enhancing mental health literacy among generalist nurses. The paper presents a small case exemplar to demonstrate interpersonal relations theory as an engagement process, providing patients with methodologies which allow them to work through the internal dissonance that exists in relation to their adjustment to changes in life roles precipitated by physical illness. This dissonance can be seen in the emergence of anxiety, depression and abnormal/psychogenic illness behaviours. This paper concludes arguing for considerable effort being given to the nurse-patient relationship that allows for the patient having freedom to use strategies that may help resolve the dissonance that exists. PMID:20509800
Ratanasiripong, Paul; Kaewboonchoo, Orawan; Ratanasiripong, Nop; Hanklang, Suda; Chumchai, Pornlert
Globally, graduate students have been found to have high prevalence of mental health problems. With increasing severity of mental health problems on university campuses and limited resources for mental health treatment, alternative interventions are needed. This study investigated the use of biofeedback training to help reduce symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression. A sample of 60 graduate students in public health nursing was randomly assigned to either the biofeedback intervention or the control group. Results indicated that biofeedback intervention was effective in significantly reducing the levels of stress, anxiety, and depression over the 4-week period, while the control group had increases in symptoms of anxiety and depression over the same timeframe. As future leaders in the public health nursing arena, the more psychologically healthy the graduate students in public health nursing are, the better the public health nursing professionals they will be as they go forth to serve the community after graduation. PMID:25954515
Young, Staci; Acord, Lea; Schuler, Sue; Hansen, Judith M
Despite increasing needs resulting from emerging societal and health care issues, the number of trained community/public health (C/PH) nurses in the United States is facing a precipitous decline. Numerous factors contribute to this shortage including an aging workforce, a poorly funded public health system, inconsistencies in C/PH nursing educational approaches and opportunities, and a shortage of sites for clinical training. Determined to address the C/PH nursing shortage in their region, a consortium of public health professionals, university deans and faculty, and state nursing leaders in southeastern Wisconsin came together to address these issues from three perspectives: (a) curricular analysis and redesign, (b) expansion of clinical placement opportunities, and (c) paid community/public health nursing internships for seniors in baccalaureate nursing programs. This article outlines briefly the activities undertaken related to curricular review and clinical placements, and then describes in detail the approach, challenges and results of the senior internship program. Together, these programs produced long-lasting results including an unprecedented level of collaboration between academic institutions and public health nursing professionals, the expansion of both traditional and nontraditional clinical sites in the region, and a transformative learning experience for seventeen senior nursing students from five participating universities. PMID:24517169
Isma Gabriella E
Full Text Available Abstract Background Registered Sick Childrens Nurses and District Nurses employed at Child Health Care centres are in a position to help prevent childhood overweight and obesity. Prevention of this challenging public health threat could be improved through having a better understanding of how this group of nurses perceives childhood obesity. The aim of this study was to elucidate the conceptions of childhood overweight, including obesity, among nurses working in Child Health Care. Method A qualitative study using a phenomenographic approach, based on open-ended interviews with 18 Child Health Care nurses (CHC-nurses strategically selected from 17 Child Health Care Centres in the southern part of Sweden. Results Four categories of description emerged from the data: Perception of childhood overweight changes, Overweight in younger children a neglected concern, Overweight a delicate issue and Importance of family lifestyle. The participating CHC-nurses conceived overweight in children, primarily obesity in children to be an extensive and serious problem which affects children, families and the surrounding society. Overweight in children was further perceived as a consequence of their parents lifestyle and their awareness of the problem, which was considered by the CHC-nurses as a sensitive and a provoking issue. It was also perceived that overweight in children is not taken seriously during the pre-school period and that concerns regarding overweight in younger children were mainly about the appearance and not the health of the child. The CHC-nurses perceived that the proportion of overweight children has increased, which Swedish society and the CHC-nurses have adapted to. This adaptation makes it difficult for CHC-nurses to define those children who are overweight. Conclusion CHC-nurses provide a comprehensive and complex picture of childhood overweight, which includes several difficulties dealing with this issue. Attention to CHC-nurses conceptions of overweight in children is important since it can affect the parent-nurse relationship and thereby the nurses, as well as the parents efforts to influence the childrens weight. It is suggested that CHC- nurses should work with person centered counseling and empowerment concerning parent to child relations in cases involving overweight.
The report summarizes and evaluates information relevant to a preliminary interim assessment of adverse health effects associated with specific chemicals or compounds. The Office of Emergency and Remedial Response (Superfund) uses these documents in preparing cost-benefit analyse...
Full Text Available The primary goal of the study was to assess the efficacy of mindfulness-based meditation therapy on the psychological well-being and sense of coherence of nurses with respect to coping with stress. The participants were 28 nurses working in a ward for elderly patients, with 15 included in the intervention group and 13 in the control group. Nurses in the intervention group received two sessions of mindfulness-based meditation therapy, including breathing, yoga movement and meditation. Each nurse was taught the program in the first session, then exercised at home with a CD, and subsequently met with an interviewer in a second session after two weeks. Nurses in the control group did not receive any interventions. The participants completed the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ, including subdomains of physical symptoms, anxiety and sleep disturbance, interference with social activities, and depression; and the Sense of Coherence (SOC questionnaire, which includes three subdomains of comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness pre- and post-intervention. The GHQ scores of the intervention group showed a significantly greater decrease than those of the control group. The SOC scores of the intervention group showed a significantly greater increase after the intervention compared to those in the control group, with the highest score for the meaningfulness subdomain. These results indicate that mindfulness-based meditation therapy is effective for improving the psycho-logical well-being and sense of coherence of nurses, which helps them to cope with stress.
Adriana Gonçalves de Barros, Adriana Maria Pereira da Silva, Luiz Carlos Gomes Costa Júnior, Viviane Euzébia Pereira Santos, Caroline Araújo Fonseca
Full Text Available Objective: to analyze how the team describes the Nursing Management of Solid Waste in Health. Methodology: consisted of an exploratory, descriptive, from quantitative approach. The study was conducted with 20 members of Nursing group, 10 nurses and 10 technicians Nursing hospitalization units of a public hospital in Petrolina / PE. The data was collected through a questionnaire with open and closed in november 2009 and data analysis took place with the help of EPI INFO 3.5.1 (august/2008. Results: most health professionals have a distorted view of what is the waste of health services and how to classify them. Conclusion: after data analysis, it is necessary to conduct training with a view to raising awareness among professionals about the proper handling of solid waste, and thus prevent accidents and improve the quality of life of the team and its clients. Descriptors: waste of health services; nursing team; solid residues
Beatriz de Carvalho Cavalheiro, Silvana Sidney Costa dos Santos
Full Text Available Objective: to verify the scientific production on elder women, gender and sexuality in journals of Nursing, Public Health and Gerontology. Methods: a systematic review of literature, in journals of Nursing, Public Health and Gerontology in Brazil, in the years 2003 to 2007. Results: the 362 articles were pre-selected (111 in nursing, 95 in Public Health and 156 in Gerontology, of these, seven focus on elderly women, gender and sexuality. It was possible to understand that sexuality and gender issues of elder women remain invisible, and few significant. From the seven articles three categories were abstracted: feminization of aging, social of womens aging and asexualized elderly. Conclusion: the nurses and the groups of studies and research on gender began to dawn, showing interest in the issues. Requires that the educational projects of graduate programs in health, especially in nursing, bringing more thoughts on gender and sexuality of older women.
Hercelinskyj, Gylo; Cruickshank, Mary; Brown, Peter; Phillips, Brian
In the context of a growing population of people experiencing mental illness worldwide, mental health nurses are a crucial workforce. Their recruitment and retention, however, is in decline. Drawing on qualitative data obtained from interviews with mental health nurses (MHN) in Victoria, Australia, the paper employs a range of concepts from role theory to explore professional identity within mental health nursing. The data highlight three key issues in relation to the future recruitment and retention of MHN: (i) the ambiguity of the MHN role; (ii) the weak definition and lack of understanding of the scope of the MHN role by nursing students; and (iii) a lack of communication about MHN as a profession to a wider audience. These findings indicate three avenues through which recruitment and retention in mental health nursing could be improved: (i) public communication; (ii) training and educating of the next generation of MHN; and (iii) more accurately defining the role of the MHN. PMID:23279301
The difference between health and social care is almost impossible to define, not least because 'health' is socially defined; and people with 'social' needs inevitably have some medical or health related problem. The two are intricately, perhaps irretrievably, intertwined. In spite of this, there has been a requirement to arrive at definitions of health and social care, which has been driven by NHS reforms embodied in the NHS and Community Care Act (Department of Health 1990). The national picture for the provision of health and social care is an inconsistent one, with some authorities jointly commissioning services, others jointly assessing clients for services, and the remainder where collaboration between the two services is either embryonic, or simply not happening. The health and social services have experienced immense upheaval in recent years, which is likely to continue for the foreseeable future. Against this backdrop, the following paper presents an important consequence of the community care reforms, which is the re-definition of certain aspects of district nursing work as 'social care', focusing particularly on the elusive 'social bath'. The data presented in this paper comprise part of a larger, ethnographic study of district nursing work in which 37 district nursing sisters were interviewed in depth, following 13 days of participant observation of 130 home visits. Illustrative extracts from the data are presented and interpreted, and the likely professional implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:11560595
The author reviewed cultural competence models and cultural competence assessment instruments developed and published by nurse researchers since 1982. Both models and instruments were examined in terms of their components, theoretical backgrounds, empirical validation, and psychometric evaluation. Most models were not empirically tested; only a few models developed model-based instruments. About half of the instruments were tested with varying levels of psychometric properties. Other related issues were discussed, including the definition of cultural competence and its significance in model and instrument development, limitations of existing models and instruments, impact of cultural competence on health disparities, and further work in cultural competence research and practice. PMID:24817206
TMM, Maja; MJ, Motshudi.
Full Text Available Protection of health care workers including students from being infected when caring for high risk patients is a major cause for concern to all promoting occupational health. Safety of every employee is mandatory. Furthermore, universal guidelines for precautions must be used by all interacting with [...] high risk patients and clients to protect themselves and prevent the spread of infection. The aim of this paper was to ascertain the availability of universal guidelines for precautions against the spread of infection in clinical settings and determine the precautions used by OHN students during their clinical placements. To realise these objectives, a quantitative and descriptive design was followed. A purposive sampling method was used to select 45 Occupational health nursing students who participated in the study. Data was collected with the use of a structured questionnaire and the results revealed that: most units where OHN students were placed for clinical experience had guidelines for universal precautions although these were not always accessible to them; regarding compliance to universal precautions, OHN students were reportedly aware of the hazards of failure to comply although in some emergencies and where personal protective material was not available, they had to provide care without using protective equipments. Recommendations made include that employers and staff at all occupational settings must ensure that updated guidelines for universal precautions are available and accessible to every body interacting with high risk patients; health care providers and students must be fully informed about and should always adhere to universal precautions.
Full Text Available Protection of health care workers including students from being infected when caring for high risk patients is a major cause for concern to all promoting occupational health. Safety of every employee is mandatory. Furthermore, universal guidelines for precautions must be used by all interacting with high risk patients and clients to protect themselves and prevent the spread of infection. The aim of this paper was to ascertain the availability of universal guidelines for precautions against the spread of infection in clinical settings and determine the precautions used by OHN students during their clinical placements. To realise these objectives, a quantitative and descriptive design was followed. A purposive sampling method was used to select 45 Occupational health nursing students who participated in the study.Data was collected with the use of a structured questionnaire and the results revealed that: most units where OHN students were placed for clinical experience had guidelines for universal precautions although these were not always accessible to them; regarding compliance to universal precautions, OHN students were reportedly aware of the hazards of failure to comply although in some emergencies and where personal protective material was not available, they had to provide care without using protective equipments. Recommendations made include that employers and staff at all occupational settings must ensure that updated guidelines for universal precautions are available and accessible to every body interacting with high risk patients; health care providers and students must be fully informed about and should always adhere to universal precautions.
The document represents a brief, quantitatively oriented scientific summary of health effects data. It was developed by the Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office to assist the Office of Emergency and Remedial Response in establishing chemical-specific health-related goals ...
Full Text Available Abstract Objectives To understand the roles of nurses with advanced training in paediatrics in the Solomon Islands, and the importance of these roles to child health. To understand how adequately equipped child health nurses feel for these roles, to identify the training needs, difficulties and future opportunities. Design Semi-structured interviews. Settings Tertiary hospital, district hospitals and health clinics in the Solomon Islands. Participants Twenty-one paediatric nurses were interviewed out of a total of 27 in the country. Results All nurses were currently employed in teaching, clinical or management areas. At least one or two nurses were working in each of 7 of the 9 provinces; in the two smaller provinces there were none. Many nurses were sole practitioners in remote locations without back-up from doctors or other experienced nurses; all had additional administrative or public health duties. Different types of courses were identified: a residential diploma through the University of Papua New Guinea or New Zealand and a diploma by correspondence through the University of Sydney. Conclusions Child health nurses in the Solomon Islands fulfill vital clinical, public health, teaching and administrative roles. Currently they are too few in number, and this is a limiting factor for improving the quality of child health services in that country. Current methods of training require overseas travel, or are expensive, or lack relevance, or remove nurses from their work-places and families for prolonged periods of time. A local post-basic child health nursing course is urgently needed, and models exist to achieve this.
Determinación de las características del docente asistencial que forma al especialista de Enfermería Materno Infantil: Una propuesta de indicadores / Assessment of the characteristics of the medical care teachers who train the Maternal and Child Health Nursing specialists
Norma, Mur Villar; Miriam, Iglesias León; Manuel, Cortés Cortés; María, Aguilar Cordero.
Full Text Available Fundamento: Los rasgos que deben poseer los docentes asistenciales que forman al especialista en Enfermería Materno Infantil son esenciales para trasmitir y formar modos de actuación en la docencia. Objetivo: Determinar las características del docente asistencial que forma al especialista de Enferme [...] ría Materno Infantil. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio exploratorio que abarca los años 2007-2008 en el Hospital General Universitario ?Gustavo Aldereguía Lima? de Cienfuegos, se aplicó la teoría de la decisión, para la selección de los criterios que fueron tomados en el modelo multicriterial, mediante la aplicación de una variante del método Delphi. El universo estuvo constituido por los coordinadores y metodólogos que atienden la especialidad Enfermería Materno infantil a nivel nacional, para la obtención de la muestra se realizó un muestreo no probabilístico (muestreo de expertos). Resultados: Se precisan 23 criterios que son superiores al punto de corte PC4 correspondiente a la categoría de mucho que vincula el modelo del profesional con las exigencias sociales para conocer, relacionar y aplicar el contenido de la enfermería utilizando los recursos materiales que relacionan lo concreto con lo abstracto para promover la continuidad asistencial del cuidado y la utilización de las potencialidades de la asistencia en la formación del especialista donde quedó demostrado el comportamiento del profesional. Conclusiones: Se evidencia a través de los criterios identificados que la asistencia es el sustento de la formación docente que necesita el profesional para organizar los procesos docentes a partir de los problemas asistenciales que le permita cumplir con el encargo social de formador en salud. Abstract in english Backgrounds: The features of the Mother and Child Health Nursing specialist?s teaching care training are paramount to form appropriate teaching behaviors. Aim: To determine the features of the medical care teacher who trains the Mother and Child Health Nursing specialist. Methods: An exploratory res [...] earch was carried out during the years 2008-2009 in the ?Gustavo Aldereguía Lima? General University Hospital of Cienfuegos, Decision Theory was applied to select the criteria taken into account in the Multicriterial model, by means of a variation of the Delphi Method. The universe was made up by the coordinators and methodologists who run the Mother and Child Health Nursing specialty on a national level, and a non-probabilistic sampling was conducted to obtain the Sample (Experts Sampling). Results: 23 criteria exceeding the PC4 cutoff point corresponding to the ?much? category are needed, which links the professional model to the social demands to know, relate and apply the contents of nursing using the material resources that connect the concrete to the abstract to promote the continuity of medical care and the use of the potential of assistance in the training the specialists in which the professional?s behavior was demonstrated. Conclusions: By means of the stated criteria, it is evidenced that medical care is the basis for the kind of teaching training our professional needs to organize the teaching process, starting from medical care issues. That training allows them to accomplish their social task as health trainers.
Almalki Mohammed J
Full Text Available Abstract Background Quality of work life (QWL is defined as the extent to which an employee is satisfied with personal and working needs through participating in the workplace while achieving the goals of the organization. QWL has been found to influence the commitment and productivity of employees in health care organizations, as well as in other industries. However, reliable information on the QWL of primary health care (PHC nurses is limited. The purpose of this study was to assess the QWL among PHC nurses in the Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. Methods A descriptive research design, namely a cross-sectional survey, was used in this study. Data were collected using Brooks survey of quality of nursing work life and demographic questions. A convenience sample was recruited from 134 PHC centres in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. The Jazan region is located in the southern part of Saudi Arabia. A response rate of 91% (n?=?532/585 was achieved (effective response rate?=?87%, n?=?508. Data analysis consisted of descriptive statistics, t-test and one way-analysis of variance. Total scores and subscores for QWL items and item summary statistics were computed and reported using SPSS version 17 for Windows. Results Findings suggested that the respondents were dissatisfied with their work life. The major influencing factors were unsuitable working hours, lack of facilities for nurses, inability to balance work with family needs, inadequacy of vacations time for nurses and their families, poor staffing, management and supervision practices, lack of professional development opportunities, and an inappropriate working environment in terms of the level of security, patient care supplies and equipment, and recreation facilities (break-area. Other essential factors include the communitys view of nursing and an inadequate salary. More positively, the majority of nurses were satisfied with their co-workers, satisfied to be nurses and had a sense of belonging in their workplaces. Significant differences were found according to gender, age, marital status, dependent children, dependent adults, nationality, nursing tenure, organizational tenure, positional tenure, and payment per month. No significant differences were found according to education level of PHC nurses and location of PHC. Conclusions These findings can be used by PHC managers and policy makers for developing and appropriately implementing successful plans to improve the QWL. This will help to enhance the home and work environments, improve individual and organization performance and increase the commitment of nurses.
Piscotty, Ronald J; Kalisch, Beatrice
The purpose of the study was to explore relationships between nurses' perceptions of the impact of health information technology on their clinical practice in the acute care setting, their use of electronic nursing care reminders, and episodes of missed nursing care. The study aims were accomplished with a descriptive design using adjusted correlations. A convenience sample (N = 165) of medical and/or surgical, intensive care, and intermediate care RNs working on acute care hospital units participated in the study. Nurses from 19 eligible nursing units were invited to participate. Adjusted relationships using hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated significant negative relationships between missed nursing care and nursing care reminders and perceptions of health information technology. The adjusted correlations support the hypotheses that there is a relationship between nursing care reminder usage and missed nursing care and a relationship between health information technology and missed nursing care. The relationships are negative, indicating that nurses who rate higher levels of reminder usage and health information technology have decreased reports of missed nursing care. The study found a significant relationship between nursing care reminders usage and decreased amounts of missed nursing care. The findings can be used in a variety of improvement endeavors, such as encouraging nurses to utilize nursing care reminders, aid information system designers when designing nursing care reminders, and assist healthcare organizations in assessing the impact of technology on nursing practice. PMID:25119428
Lanzoni, Gabriela Marcellino de Melo; Meirelles, Betina Hörner Schlindwein
This study aimed to understand the nurses' contributions in the network of relationships and interactions of community health workers (CHW) in a city located in the south of the country. The Grounded Theory was used and twenty individuals were interviewed, among health professionals and users of the health center, divided into three sample groups. The nurse is recognized as a key element in the network of relationships and interactions of the CHW with the community, being viewed as a leader. Although showing signs of an authoritarian leadership, the nurse promotes dialogue and acts as a facilitator of teamwork in health promotion. It was concluded that the nurses of the Family Health Strategy have a significant role in the health team, providing clinical support to organize the care, and management, to foster good relations, direct the activities and conduct the flow of information. PMID:24008710
Weiss, Marjorie D
Occupational health nurses have the skills and knowledge to provide a holistic perspective in advancing their company's triple bottom line, healthy people, healthy planet, and healthy profits. The HS3 model provides a road map for integrating health, safety, sustainability, and stewardship, all of which directly impact every company's triple bottom line. Occupational health nurses can use the HS3 model to promote healthy lifestyles, reduce risk and injuries, protect the natural environment, and improve resource alignment. Occupational health nurses have a unique opportunity to demonstrate the value they bring to their employers using synergistic HS3 planning that cost-effectively links work injury management, health promotion, environmental protection, safety training and surveillance, and regulatory compliance. Implementing the HS3 model requires occupational health nurses to be innovators who can change the conversation. PMID:19639861
Karageorgi, Stalo; Hankinson, Susan E.; Kraft, Peter; Vivo, Immaculata
Endometrial cancer is a disease primarily driven by cumulative exposure to estrogen unopposed by progesterone. Reproductive factors associated with changes in endogenous hormone levels and use of exogenous hormones such as postmenopausal hormones (PMH) influence the risk of disease. The authors used the Nurses Health Study (NHS), comprised of 121,700 nurses, to assess the above associations. Over 28 years of follow-up, 778 adenocarcinoma cases were diagnosed and 1,850,078 person-years were...
Strong, Kristy L; Folse, Victoria N
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients experience barriers to health care that include fear of discrimination, as well as insensitivity and lack of knowledge about LGBT-specific health needs among providers. This study examined the effectiveness of an educational intervention designed to improve knowledge and attitudes of baccalaureate nursing students regarding LGBT patient care. Education focused on key terminology, health disparities, medical needs of transgender patients, and culturally sensitive communication skills for competent LGBT patient care. Knowledge level and attitudes were evaluated before and after the intervention using a survey based on a modified Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men Scale and two assessment tools developed for this study. A statistically significant increase in positive attitudes and knowledge level was found immediately after the intervention. Findings from this study support the inclusion of education related to LGBT patient health care in undergraduate nursing curricula to promote cultural competence and sensitivity. PMID:25535762
Lee, S T; Shieh, W L; Chiou, C J
This research was motivated by the need for a specific role definition for Registered Professional Nurses in public health stations that will enable them to fulfil their full potential. An adapted Delphi technique was used to reveal areas of consensus among the views of experts from the practicing nursing profession, government and academia regarding the specific roles and functions of registered professional nurses, and to rank such roles and functions in order of importance. Three questionnaires were sent to 150 experts from the above sectors, of whom 99 completed all three questionnaires: 36 (36.36%) from nursing practice, 34 (34.34%) from government and 29 (29.29%) from academia. Respondents believed that the role of the Registered Professional Nurse should be extended from the traditional "case-oriented" role to a "community health-oriented" role, and that the depth and scope of care should be enhanced. Priority roles identified in the area of "service" were those of "community care provider" and "family health manager", and in the area of "administration", that of "health and hygiene planner"; the most important personal qualities required were identified as "abundant knowledge, skills and practical experience in public health and nursing". It is believed that this study is conducive to establishing a consistent view of the role and functions of the Registered Professional Nurse between the above sectors, and can also serve as a useful guide for curriculum design for Registered Professional Nurses' pre-vocational and in-service training. PMID:17953071
Two surveys of private nursing homes, designated geriatric wards, and a sample of social service part III homes were carried out in the Brighton Health District using questionnaires supplemented (in the second survey) by some interviews. The dependency of old people in the private nursing homes was more like that of long stay hospital patients rather than that of residents in social services homes. In the private nursing homes, however, a smaller proportion of patients were in the medium to h...
Full Text Available Background: South Africans infant and child mortality rates remain high and at the current rate of decline will not meet the Millennium Development Goals of a two thirds decrease by 2015. At the latest available count, there were fewer than 1500 qualified paediatric nurses on the National South African Nursing Council register, with only about 100 nurses graduating with this qualification from South African nursing schools annually. It is not clear, however, if current paediatric nurse training programmes adequately equip nurses to make a real impact on reducing the under-5 mortality rate. In their 2011 interim report, the Ministerial Committee on Morbidity and Mortality in Children under 5 years recommended strengthening paediatric nurses training as a strategy to reduce the under-5 mortality rate. Method: In response to the Committee on Morbidity and Mortality in Children recommendation, a colloquium was convened as a national forum for schools of nursing, departments of health, health care facilities, clinicians and regulatory bodies to advance childrens nursing in South Africa. Objectives: The goals of the colloquium were to thoroughly investigate the situation in South Africas paediatric nurse training, plot ways to strengthen and expand postgraduate paediatric programmes to meet priority child health needs, and to build relationships between the various schools and stakeholders. Results: Outcomes included the clarification and strengthening of a stakeholder grid in nurse training, recognition of the need for more active teaching and learning strategies in curricula linked to national child health priorities, as well as the need to develop and support clinical nursing practice in facilities.
Full Text Available BACKGROUND: South African's infant and child mortality rates remain high and at the current rate of decline will not meet the Millennium Development Goals of a two thirds decrease by 2015. At the latest available count, there were fewer than 1500 qualified paediatric nurses on the National South Afr [...] ican Nursing Council register, with only about 100 nurses graduating with this qualification from South African nursing schools annually. It is not clear, however, if current paediatric nurse training programmes adequately equip nurses to make a real impact on reducing the under-5 mortality rate. In their 2011 interim report, the Ministerial Committee on Morbidity and Mortality in Children under 5 years recommended strengthening paediatric nurses' training as a strategy to reduce the under-5 mortality rate. METHOD: In response to the Committee on Morbidity and Mortality in Children recommendation, a colloquium was convened as a national forum for schools of nursing, departments of health, health care facilities, clinicians and regulatory bodies to advance children's nursing in South Africa. OBJECTIVES: The goals of the colloquium were to thoroughly investigate the situation in South Africa's paediatric nurse training, plot ways to strengthen and expand postgraduate paediatric programmes to meet priority child health needs, and to build relationships between the various schools and stakeholders. RESULTS: Outcomes included the clarification and strengthening of a 'stakeholder grid' in nurse training, recognition of the need for more active teaching and learning strategies in curricula linked to national child health priorities, as well as the need to develop and support clinical nursing practice in facilities.
Rajkovic?, Uros?; Dinevski, Dejan; S?us?ters?ic?, Olga; Prijatelj, Vesna; Rajkovic?, Vladislav
Nurses are required to make many important decisions, for instance on determining the level of the nursing problem, setting nursing diagnoses and interventions. The model presented in this paper is a tool for better and easier decision making is such situations. Multi-attribute modeling of patients basic living activities is used for evaluation and explanation of their health status. It offers also visualization and quantification of the data which facilitate decision making in the framewo...
Baumann, Andrea; Hunsberger, Mabel; Crea-arsenio, Mary
Historically, economic changes have negatively affected the nursing workforce in Ontario. The trend towards part-time and casual employment emerged from healthcare restructuring in the 1990s. The severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003 alerted the Ontario government to the issue of part-time and casual nursing. In 2007, the Nursing Graduate Guarantee (NGG), a health human resources employment policy, was developed as a financial incentive for employers to hire and mentor new...
Ghadakpoor, S.; Mansoori, P.; Keshavarzi, S.; Rezaie, S.; Sharif, F.
Background: Emotion and how people manage it is an important part of personality that would immensely affect their health. Investigations showed that emotional intelligence is significantly related to and can predict psychological health.Objective: To determine the effect of teaching emotional intelligence to intensive care unit nurses on their general health.Methods: This randomized clinical trial (registered as IRCT201208022812N9) was conducted on 52 of 200 in intensive care unit nurses aff...
Sexual health is an essential and often neglected component of primary care. Nurse practitioners are ideal members of the healthcare team to be providing sexual health information, diagnoses, and treatments. Unfortunately, this is an area that has been lacking in the education of all healthcare providers. This paper describes a program that incorporates sexual health into the curriculum for nurse practitioner students through collaboration between the university school ...
Megan Aston; Sheri Price; Josephine Etowa; Adele Vukic; Linda Young; Christine Hart; Emily MacLeod; Patricia Randel
Early home visits provided by public health nurses (PHNs) around the world have been proven to positively impact physical, social, emotional and mental health outcomes of mothers and babies. Most of the research has focused on home visiting programs delivered by public health nurses and lay home visitors to support at risk or targeted mothers. Little research has been conducted to examine universal home visiting programs for mothers who are perceived to be lower-risk. The purpose of this rese...
Maphorisa, M. K.; Poggenpoel, M.; Myburgh, C. P. H.
Since the inception of the decentralisation and integration of psychiatric mental health care services into the general health care delivery system in Botswana, there has never been a study to investigate what community mental health nurses are experiencing due to the policy. Many of these nurses have been leaving the scantily staffed mental health care services in increasing numbers to join other sectors of health or elsewhere since the beginning of the implementation of the policy. During ...
Jørgensen, T; Hvenegaard, A; Kristensen, F B
The Danish healthcare services are mainly provided by public sector institutions. The system is highly decentralized. The state has little direct influence on the provision of healthcare services. State influence is exercised through legislation and budget allocations. The main task of the state is to initiate, coordinate, and advise. Counties, which run the hospitals, also decide on the placement of services. The hospital sector is controlled within the framework of legislation and global budgets. General practitioners occupy a central position in the Danish healthcare sector, acting as gatekeepers to the rest of the system. The system works well, and its structure has resulted in steady costs of health care for a long period. There is no regulatory mechanism in the Danish health services requiring use of health technology assessment (HTA) as a basis for policy decisions, planning, or administrative procedures. However, since the late 1970s a number of comprehensive assessments of health technology have formed the basis for national health policy decisions. In 1997, after years of public criticism of the quality of hospital care and health technologies, and on the basis of a previously developed national HTA strategy, a national institute for HTA (DIHTA) was established. There seems to be a growing awareness of evidence-based healthcare among health professionals and a general acceptance of health economic analyses as a basis for health policy decision making. This progress is coupled with growing regional HTA activity in the health services. HTA seems to have a bright future in Denmark. PMID:10932413
This article responds to the call by Heinrich (1992) to harness the power of metaphor to reenergize nursing classrooms. An overview of the power of metaphor is provided, as well as a description of a learning activity that prompted students to think metaphorically about a nursing experience. Students reflected on the image of nurse as tour guide and discovered theory being lived out in practice, new ways of understanding the role of the nurse, appreciation for the individual approach in nursing, and a new confidence in sharing and creating. PMID:7558790
Oakes, Mary; Frisch, Noreen; Potter, Pamela; Borycki, Elizabeth
Literature suggests that nurses at all levels remain unprepared to make use of full use of technologies required for current practice. Specifically, nurses lack sufficient background to engage with information systems, electronic records, and unit-level and aggregated data that could support understanding of the contributions of nursing services to care and the development of best practice guidelines. Given that nursing leadership is needed in this area, the authors conducted a review of graduate nursing curricula preparing nurses to take on leadership, management and executive roles. Findings revealed that only 12 out of 36 graduate nursing programs on the west coast of the US and Canada required any content in informatics, and five more offered elective opportunities. Implications for education and practice are discussed. PMID:25676991
There is much research into the relationship between workload pressures and nurses' stress levels, and into how working long hours affects health. This study, however, concerns the association between core self-evaluation, an assessment of personality traits that predispose to job satisfaction, for example, and burnout among nurses in China. PMID:25659793
Seri, S F
There is a fine distinction between being an independent contractor and being an employee. The advantages of being self-employed as a community health nurse are many. Self-employment suits new parents, graduate students, people in transition, with more than one profession, and who don't want a fixed schedule. However, this type of nursing is not for everyone. A broker such as CHN can help nurses become successfully self-employed. At a time when hospitals are downsizing and home care is becoming more in demand, brokers such as CHN provide a framework in which busy, experienced, community health nurses can work when and where they want. Good clinical and communication skills and a wish to be autonomous are necessities. A willingness to travel to different agencies and a reliable car are also important. A love for variety, flexibility, and independence make self-employment as a home health nurse a clinician's dream. PMID:9335699
Danielson, E; Krogerus-Therman, I; Sivertsen, B; Sourtzi, P
The aim of this paper is to describe the development of a new education programme in public health for nurses in the European Union (EU). The project, 'Development of a Continuous Professional Education Programme for Nurses in Public Health', is described together with its background and aim, which is to contribute to the development of new competencies of nurses in nursing and public health. For the development of these competencies, the framework for the programme's guidelines is organized around core modules common for all EU countries and elective modules, based on national health needs and policies proposed by each country. An example of the implementation of the programme from Sweden, where the programme has already been offered, is also presented. In addition to the educational programme itself, the opportunities for networking for nurses and teachers from different countries resulting from this effort are discussed. Finally, the evolving nature of public health in nursing is presented in relation to the roles that nurses/midwives already perform in various countries and situations, in order to point out the potential of this programme's contribution to the promotion of health of all European citizens. PMID:15725274
Shariff, N.; Potgieter, E.
This paper reports part of a bigger study whose aim was to develop an empowerment model that could be used to enhance nurse leaders' participation in health policy development. A Delphi survey was applied which included the following criteria: expert panelists, iterative rounds, statistical analysis, and consensus building. The expert panelists were purposively selected and included national nurse leaders in leadership positions at the nursing professional associations, nursing regulatory bodies, ministries of health, and universities in East Africa. The study was conducted in three iterative rounds. The results reported here were gathered as part of the first round of the study and that examined the extent of nurse leaders' participation in health policy development. Seventy-eight (78) expert panelists were invited to participate in the study, and the response rate was 47%. Data collection was done with the use of a self-report questionnaire. Data analysis was done by use of SPSS and descriptive statistics were examined. The findings indicated that nurse leaders participate in health policy development though participation is limited and not consistent across all the stages of health policy development. The recommendations from the findings are that health policy development process needs to be pluralistic and inclusive of all nurse leaders practicing in positions related to policy development and the process must be open to their ideas and suggestions. PMID:23091715
Laetitia C. Rispel
Full Text Available Background: Globally, insufficient information exists on the costs of nursing agencies, which are temporary employment service providers that supply nurses to health establishments and/or private individuals. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the utilisation and direct costs of nursing agencies in the South African public health sector. Design: A survey of all nine provincial health departments was conducted to determine utilisation and management of nursing agencies. The costs of nursing agencies were assumed to be equivalent to expenditure. Provincial health expenditure was obtained for five financial years (2005/62009/10 from the national Basic Accounting System database, and analysed using Microsoft Excel. Each of the 166,466 expenditure line items was coded. The total personnel and nursing agency expenditure was calculated for each financial year and for each province. Nursing agency expenditure as a percentage of the total personnel expenditure was then calculated. The nursing agency expenditure for South Africa is the total of all provincial expenditure. The 2009/10 annual government salary scales for different categories of nurses were used to calculate the number of permanent nurses who could have been employed in lieu of agency expenditure. All expenditure is expressed in South African rands (R; US$1 ? R7, 2010 prices. Results: Only five provinces reported utilisation of nursing agencies, but all provinces showed agency expenditure. In the 2009/10 financial year, R1.49 billion (US$212.64 million was spent on nursing agencies in the public health sector. In the same year, agency expenditure ranged from a low of R36.45 million (US$5.20 million in Mpumalanga Province (mixed urban-rural to a high of R356.43 million (US$50.92 million in the Eastern Cape Province (mixed urban-rural. Agency expenditure as a percentage of personnel expenditure ranged from 0.96% in KwaZulu-Natal Province (mixed urban-rural to 11.96% in the Northern Cape Province (rural. In that financial year, a total of 5369 registered nurses could have been employed in lieu of nursing agency expenditure. Conclusions: The study findings should inform workforce planning in South Africa. There is a need for uniform policies and improved management of commercial nursing agencies in the public health sector.
Boddey, Kerrie; de Berg, Kevin
Nursing students have typically found the study of chemistry to be one of their major challenges in a nursing course. This mixed method study was designed to explore how prior experiences in chemistry might impact chemistry achievement during a health science unit. Nursing students (N = 101) studying chemistry as part of a health science unit were
Full Text Available Since the inception of the decentralisation and integration of psychiatric mental health care services into the general health care delivery system in Botswana, there has never been a study to investigate what community mental health nurses are experiencing due to the policy. Many of these nurses have been leaving the scantily staffed mental health care services in increasing numbers to join other sectors of health or elsewhere since the beginning of the implementation of the policy. During the research study, phenomenological in-depth interviews were conducted with three groups of 12 community mental health nurses altogether. An open central question was posed to each group followed by probing questions to explore and describe these nurses experience of the decentralisation and integration of psychiatric-mental health care services. After the data was analysed, related literature was incorporated and guidelines for advanced psychiatric nurses were formulated and described to assist these nurses to cope with the decentralisation and integration of psychiatric-mental health care services. The guidelines were set up for the management of the community mental health nurses who are experiencing obstacles in the quest for mental health which also interfere with their capabilities as mental health care providers.
Full Text Available The fact that nursing is a difficult profession which lacks of social recognition results in being abandoned by many nurses and not being selected by young people. ?im: The aim of the present study was to investigate the perceptions of nurses, other health care professionals and students about the nursing profession and to determine the factors that influence their attitude towards it. Material and Method: 949 students of nursing and medical schools and health care professionals participated in the study. The data was gathered by the means of two structured questionnaires, the composition of which was based on the nursing database. The data's statistical analysis was fulfilled by the SPSS 12. Results: ?he 89,2% of the sample believes that nursing practice requires knowledge, skills, and critical thinking. The 82,4% also believes that the quality of care provided depends on the quality of the nurses' education and lifelong learning is nurses' duty (94,4%. Moreover, the 82,6% of the participants thinks that the nurses do not lose their interest in the patient's care as much as they become more educated. Factors such as religion and frequency of sick leave do not influence the attitude towards the profession, but the reality shock, the lack of nursing staff and the experience of negative bias adversely influence the attitude towards it. Conclusions: The confrontation of factors that influence negatively the image of the profession combined with a better and continuing education for nurses will lead to increase the social status of the nursing profession.
Craft, Judy; Ainscough, Louise
Devising authentic assessments for subjects with large enrolments is a challenge. This study describes an electronic role-play assessment for approximately 600 first-year nursing students to learn and apply pathophysiology (bioscience) concepts to nursing practice. Students used Microsoft Office PowerPoint[R] to prepare electronic role-plays both
Håkans, Vivéca Busck
Formulating a nursing diagnosis on the basis of a patients situation and health is a task that places great demands on a nurses skills in many areas. The nurses in the study were in contact with nursing diagnoses in their daily work, mainly in standard care plans. All were in favor of using care plans and nursing diagnoses. Awareness of the signs and related factors that exist in the electronic health record (EHR) was low.
Full Text Available Late in 2011, the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF deployed a Role One enhanced health facility in support of Exercise Precision Support. The Role One health facility was deployed to the Shoalwater Bay military training area and tasked with providing 24 hour care during the pre-deployment exercise for Australian forces headed to operations overseas. The Precision Support exercise integrates with air operations, large scale logistic movements and austere base establishment elements, to aid in the preparation, training and sustainment of service personnel for operational roles, both in a conflict environment as well as humanitarian aid roles. The Role One provided this medical support with 2 Emergency Nurse Practitioners (ENPs, Registered Nurses (RNs, Medical Assistants (MAs and Radiographers. The ENPs took on the role of the senior clinicians during this exercise, competently managing all of the health complaints that presented during the exercise period. This article will discuss and review the role of the Nurse Practitioner (NP within a Role One, deployed Defence health facility, build on international evidence whilst supporting the utilisation of NPs in the RAAF Health Service and subsequently more widely in the greater Australian Defence Force (ADF. This article will provide some practical evidence enabling health commanders to recognise, deploy and fully utilise NPs, in order to support current and future ADF operations.
Abstract Background Health professionals working in primary care and public health have opportunities to address body weight status issues with their patients through face-to-face contact. The objectives of this all-Ireland project are: 1. to assess the attitudes, current practices\\/behaviours and knowledge of key health professional groups on body weight status; 2. to assess the health professional groups\\' ability to identify body weight status in both adults and children. The health professional groups are: (a) community related public health nurses; (b) school public health nurses; (c) GPs and practice nurses (primary care); and (d) occupational health nurses (workplace) from both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Methods\\/Design This all-Ireland multi-disciplinary project follows a mixed methods approach using both quantitative and qualitative methodologies, and consists of four components: 1. Literature review - to explore the role of health professionals in managing obesity through spontaneous intervention in a variety of health promotion settings. 2. Telephone interviews and focus groups - to gain an in-depth insight into the views of health professionals in assessing body weight status. 3. Survey (primarily online but also paper-based) - to determine the attitudes, current practices\\/behaviours and knowledge of health professionals in assessing body weight status. 4. Online evaluation study - an online interactive programme will be developed to assess health professionals\\' ability to identify the body weight status of adults and children. Discussion This project will assess and report the attitudes, current practices\\/behaviours and knowledge of key health professional groups within Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland on body weight status, and their ability to identify body weight status in both adults and children. The results of this project will generate recommendations for clinical practice in managing obesity, which may inform policy guidelines.
Full Text Available Abstract Background Health professionals working in primary care and public health have opportunities to address body weight status issues with their patients through face-to-face contact. The objectives of this all-Ireland project are: 1. to assess the attitudes, current practices/behaviours and knowledge of key health professional groups on body weight status; 2. to assess the health professional groups' ability to identify body weight status in both adults and children. The health professional groups are: (a community related public health nurses; (b school public health nurses; (c GPs and practice nurses (primary care; and (d occupational health nurses (workplace from both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Methods/Design This all-Ireland multi-disciplinary project follows a mixed methods approach using both quantitative and qualitative methodologies, and consists of four components: 1. Literature review - to explore the role of health professionals in managing obesity through spontaneous intervention in a variety of health promotion settings. 2. Telephone interviews and focus groups - to gain an in-depth insight into the views of health professionals in assessing body weight status. 3. Survey (primarily online but also paper-based - to determine the attitudes, current practices/behaviours and knowledge of health professionals in assessing body weight status. 4. Online evaluation study - an online interactive programme will be developed to assess health professionals' ability to identify the body weight status of adults and children. Discussion This project will assess and report the attitudes, current practices/behaviours and knowledge of key health professional groups within Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland on body weight status, and their ability to identify body weight status in both adults and children. The results of this project will generate recommendations for clinical practice in managing obesity, which may inform policy guidelines.
A questionnaire-based descriptive pilot study was conducted among all nurses routinely working with MRI in the Northern part of Sweden to provide an indication of the self-reported prevalence of health complaints related to working with MRI systems. Fifty-nine nurses (88% response rate), with on average 8 (±6) years experience with MRI scanning procedures, returned the questionnaire. In total, 9 nurses (15%) reported regularly experiencing at least one of the health complaints (1-5% for specific health complaints) attributed to arise or be aggravated by their presence in the MRI scanning room. Stratification of the results indicated that reporting of adverse symptoms was not related to the level of occupational workload/stress. However, reporting of health complaints was related to the strength of the magnet(s) the nurses worked with, with 57% of symptoms reported by those nurses working with the strongest systems (both 1.5 and 3 T scanners in this population). Although this descriptive study did not include a control population and was based on self-reporting of health complaints, these data indicate that the prevalence of reported health complaints is not related to perceived work load or occupational stress, but does confirm data from other occupational sectors and indicates that the prevalence of adverse health complaints increases with the strength of the MRI system for nurses as well.
Bakhshi, Savita; Sun, Fei; Murrells, Trevor; While, Alison
Many registered nurses (RNs) are not achieving the recommended daily levels of physical activity. This study collected data from 623 RNs about their personal health behaviours and their professional, physical activity-related health-promotion practices. The findings showed that 75% of the sample reported engaging in personal physical activity, 25% were at risk of hazardous drinking or active alcohol use disorders, 17% were past smokers and 11% were current smokers, 47% reported having a normal body weight-size, and 73% desired to be a normal body weight-size. Nearly half of the sample reported that they were promoting physical activity within their clinical practice. Personal physical activity behaviour, perceived health status, length of clinical practice, clinical specialty, and actual body weight-size were significantly related to the RNs' professional, physical activity-related practices. This study highlights a need for training on physical activity-related counselling, including awareness of the latest recommendations and strategies to promote physical activity. Health-care employers should also consider addressing nurses' barriers to the promotion of physical activity within their clinical practice so that all health-care contacts are able to maximise opportunities to promote active ageing. PMID:26043015
This paper uses social conflict theory to reconsider the relationship of American nursing theory and individualised mental health care in the UK. It is argued that nursing theory has developed within a context of 'American dream' individualism, and that this ideology may be problematic for some UK mental health nurses and service users whose values and beliefs are those of different socio-political traditions. The paper explores the historical background of Anglo-American nursing theory, and then uses conflict theory to generate challenging propositions about the culture bias and political instrumentality of individualised care in mental health settings. In so doing, it critiques the 'scientific' and 'liberal' preconceptions of individualised care which have dominated mental health care policy for over a decade. PMID:14670391
Foster, Kim; McAllister, Margaret; O'Brien, Louise
An exploration of the 'self' is generally considered a fundamental and necessary place from which to commence practice as a mental health nurse. Self-awareness and attention to one's own feelings, thoughts, and experiences can contribute to the therapeutic use of self in effective provision of mental health nursing care. This purposeful use of self, inherent in the role of the mental health nurse, may also be seen as synchronous to the role of the qualitative researcher who seeks to uncover the meaning of others' experiences. Autoethnography is a qualitative research method that connects the researcher's personal self to the broader cultural context. Evocative writing, where the writer shares personal stories on their experiences, is used to extend understanding of a particular social issue. This paper will argue how this emerging method in social science research is of particular relevance to mental health nursing research and practice. PMID:16499790
Nadja Cristiane Lappann Botti, Vanessa Carvalho de Araújo
Full Text Available Objective: to analyze the understanding of nurses on care in the area of Mental Health and identify the association between bioethics and care in mental health. Methodology: qualitative research in the Psychosocial Care Center (CAPS III, located in the countryside of Minas Gerais state. Data were collected through interviews with four nurses from the CAPS III. The results were analyzed through the technique of the Discourse of the Collective Subject. The research project was approved of the Research Ethics Committee of the Catholic University of Minas Gerais (CAAE 0047.0.213.000-08. Results: the nurses role in mental health as it is hybrid and that requires different skills. Conclusion: there is the paradigm shift from the practice of nurses in mental health to still find itself in duality models of care to the sufferers of mental disorders.
Ellerbe, Suellyn; Regen, Debra
The current health care environment has heightened the importance of achieving positive patient outcomes and excellent customer satisfaction. To remain competitive, health care organizations must adapt quickly to changing regulatory requirements, quality improvement initiatives, and customer expectations. To ensure nursing practice at the Saint Clare's Health System in Northwest New Jersey is at the forefront of leading change, the nursing staff has embraced the Institute of Medicine report The Future of Nursing: Leading Change. The empowered nursing team has applied Benner's Novice to Expert model and McCauley's Careful Nursing Theory as the foundation for nursing practice. The ability to apply evidence-based nursing research and cultivate professional development at the bedside has resulted in retention of expert nurses at the bedside. Engaging the nursing team has resulted in increased patient satisfaction and improved clinical outcomes. Advanced practice nurses play an important role to mentor the nursing staff and promote an interdisciplinary, collaborative relationship between all health care disciplines and community support programs. Nurses are recognized for their accomplishments and encouraged to obtain specialty certification, advanced degrees, and earn state and national recognition through professional organizations. The professional nurses at the Saint Clare's Health System are prepared to work in whatever environment the new normal creates. PMID:22677961
Almalki Mohammed J; FitzGerald Gerry; Clark Michele
Abstract Background Quality of work life (QWL) has been found to influence the commitment of health professionals, including nurses. However, reliable information on QWL and turnover intention of primary health care (PHC) nurses is limited. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between QWL and turnover intention of PHC nurses in Saudi Arabia. Methods A cross-sectional survey was used in this study. Data were collected using Brooks survey of Quality of Nursing Work Life, the...
Morris, J A; Smith, P S
According to DiBenedetto, "Occupational health nurses enhance and maximize the health, safety, and productivity of the domestic and global work force" (1999b). This project clearly defined the multiple roles and activities provided by an occupational and environmental health nurse and assistant, supported by a part time contract occupational health nurse. A well defined estimate of the personnel costs for each of these roles is helpful both in demonstrating current value and in future strategic planning for this department. The model highlighted both successes and a business cost savings opportunity for integrated disability management. The AAOHN's Success Tools (1998) were invaluable in launching the development of this cost effectiveness model. The three methods were selected from several tools of varying complexities offered. Collecting available data to develop these metrics required internal consultation with finance, human resources, and risk management, as well as communication with external health, safety, and environmental providers in the community. Benchmarks, surveys, and performance indicators can be found readily in the literature and online. The primary motivation for occupational and environmental health nurses to develop cost effectiveness analyses is to demonstrate the value and worth of their programs and services. However, it can be equally important to identify which services are not cost effective so knowledge and skills may be used in ways that continue to provide value to employers (AAOHN, 1996). As evidence based health care challenges the occupational health community to demonstrate business rationale and financial return on investment, occupational and environmental health nurses must meet that challenge if they are to define their preferred future (DiBenedetto, 2000). PMID:11806494
...Required Assessment Tool for State Nursing Homes Receiving Per Diem Payments...diem to State homes providing nursing home care to eligible veterans...tool for State homes providing nursing home care, The Centers for...previous entry of a Registered Nurse in the medical record...
Full Text Available Background & Aim: The present study aimed to investigate the spiritual health among nursing and midwifery students at Kerman University of Medical Sciences in 2012 . Methods & Materials: This was a cross-sectional study in which all 222 nursing and midwifery students studying at Kerman University of Medical Sciences were recruited to study. Data were gathered using t he Palutzian & Ellison questionnaire of spiritual well-being. The obtained data were then analyzed in the SPSS-20 using parametric statistical tests such as independent t-test and Anova . Results: Results showed that spiritual well-being of nursing and midwifery students was in the good range. Except gender, no statistically significant relationships were observed between the mean of spiritual well-being and parameters such as age, marital status, academic year, and field of study . Conclusion: According to the findings , spiritual health among nursing and midwifery students was moderate. It is necessary to promote spirituality among nursing and midwifery students .
Hasselhorn, H M; Tackenberg, P
In many industrialised countries the number of workers with low health is expected to increase in the nursing profession. This will have implications for occupational health work in health care. The European NEXT-Study (www. next-study. net, funded by EU) investigates working conditions of nurses in ten European countries and provides the opportunity to evaluate the role of health with respect to age and the consideration of leaving nursing.
Doody, Catriona M.; Markey, Kathleen; Doody, Owen
The number of people with intellectual disability living into old age continues to increase. As one ages, generally, functional ability decreases and health issues increase, with recognising and responding to the health needs of the person with intellectual disability of great importance and the responsibility of the intellectual disability nurse. The nurse must review and adjust the way they deliver care to ageing people with intellectual disability, not only in terms of respo...
Selma Aparecida Lagrosa Garcia; Sidney Antonio Lagrosa Garcia; Umberto Gazi Lippi
Objective: To investigate, with a qualitative approach, the role of Obstetric Nurses at the primary level of care given to womens health as a vital component of the multidisciplinary team, which today is fundamental for providing care, prevention as well as health education and promotion, especially in programs whose activities are geared towards primary care of pregnant, parturient, and puerpera women. Methods: Brazilian laws and the determinations of Nursing Councils in reference to the ...
Claudia Aarestrup; Claudia Mara de Melo Tavares
This study it analyzes the ways of performance of the nurse in the different fields of the management of the health system, identifying intervening factors in the management process; aspects related to its formation that favor or harm the practical one of the management, as also, the necessary preceding experiences to the performance of the paper of manager in the present time. A exploratory research of field with nurses of 11 pertaining cities to the Regional Management of Health of Manhumir...
Full Text Available Our work addresses issues of inefficiency and ineffectiveness in the training of nurses in computer literacy by developing an adaptive questionnaire system. This system works to identify the most effective training modules by evaluating applicants for pre-training and post-training. Our system, Systems Knowledge Assessment Tool (SKAT, aims to increase training proficiency, decrease training time and reduce costs associated with training by identifying areas of training required, and those which are not required for training, targeted to each individual. Based on the projects requirements, a number of HTML documents were designed to be used as templates in the implementation stage. During this stage, the milestone principle was used, in which a series of coding and testing was performed to generate an error-free product.The decision-making process and it is components, as well as knowing the priority of each attribute in the application is responsible for determining the required training for each applicant. Thus, the decision-making process is an essential aspect of system design and greatly affects the training results of the applicant. The SKAT system has been evaluated to ensure that the system meets the projects requirements. The evaluation stage was an important part of the project and required a number of nurses with different roles to evaluate the system. Based on their feedback, changes were made.
Willison, Kevin Donald
Nursing has long embraced a holistic approach to health care. Providing such an approach is also a goal embodied within many complementary therapy (CT) practices, such as Swedish massage therapy (SMT). Primary health care (PHC) reform initiatives as well often support a holistic approach to patient/client management. Presently, amongst the practices of nursing, a potential synergy between CTs and PHC domains has not as yet been adequately explored within the humanities and social/scientific literature. The purpose of this review is to address the potential of such a collaboration, as made feasible by incorporating an integrative medicine approach to enhance comprehensiveness of care, and in turn, holistic nursing. PMID:17105695
Bernal, Henrietta; And Others
To combat extreme health conditions in Armenia, nurses and physicians were given pretraining in community health at home and additional training in the United States on change strategies and community-based practice. Unforeseen barriers to change hindered progress, but participants were committed to preventive community health care. (SK)
Mafuba, Kay; Gates, Bob
International studies have shown poor uptake of public health initiatives by people with learning disabilities. In addition, studies have shown that people with learning disabilities experience poor access to public health services. The contribution of community learning disability nurses in meeting the public health needs of people with learning
Public Health Service (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
A summary of proceedings of the Forum on Arthritis Research and Education in Nursing and Allied Health is presented. The keynote address, "The Burden of Arthritis," by Dorothy P. Rice, provides data collected by the National Center for Health Statistics on the prevalence of arthritis, the burden it imposes, and the volume, type, and cost of health
Carlsson, P; Jonsson, E; Werkö, L; Banta, D
Sweden has a welfare system that is based on the fundamental principle that all citizens are entitled to good health and medical care, regardless of where they live or what their economic circumstances are. Health and medical care are considered to be public sector responsibilities. However, there is growing interest in establishing more private alternatives to public care. An important characteristic of the Swedish healthcare system is its decentralization, with a major role for county councils. County councils are now merging into larger administrative units (region). The whole Swedish system is in the process of reform, mainly because of perceptions that it was too rigid and had insufficient patient orientation. An important factor in the reforms is that power in the system will be even more decentralized and will have greater public input. This change is seen as calling for increased central follow-up and evaluation of matters such as social, ethical, and economic aspects. Although the state has decentralized control, it still attempts to control the general direction of the system through regulation, subsidy, recommendations, and guidelines. An important actor in the system is the Swedish Council on Technology Assessment in Health Care (SBU). SBU began in 1987 with assessments of health technologies, but its success has recently led policy makers to extend its coverage to dental care. Health technology assessment is increasingly visible to policy makers, who find it useful in decision making. PMID:10932424
Grzeskowiak, Malgorzata; Bartkowska-sniatkowska, Alicja; Rosada-kurasinska, Jowita; Kielbasiewicz-drozdowska, Iwona; Janicki, Piotr K.
Abstract. Paediatric intensive care units (PICU) play a special role in the therapy of critically ill children. The physicians (anaesthesiologists) and nurses are at a particular risk of job-related stress because continuous work stress can lead to psychological and physical disturbances. The aim of the study was to assess the stress level among the anaesthesiologists and nurses in the PICU. The anaesthesiologists and nurses (104), recruited from five university hospital centres in Poland,...
Atsuko Taguchi; Satoko Nagata; Takashi Naruse; Yuki Kuwahara; Takuhiro Yamaguchi; Murashima Sachiyo
Objective: To develop a Home Visiting Nursing Service Need Assessment Form (HVNS-NAF) to standardize the decision about the need for home visiting nursing service.Methods: The sample consisted of older adults who had received coordinated services by care managers. We defined the need for home visiting nursing service by elderly individuals as the decision of the need by a care manager so that the elderly can continue to live independently. Explanatory variables included demographic factors, m...
Italy has a national health service (SSN) dating to 1978. Italy's system of government is characterized by a rather high degree of decentralization of power, and the health system is likewise decentralized. Most of the responsibilities for health care have been ceded to the regions. The state retains only limited coordinating and supervisory powers. The state has a financial responsibility for the national health service, but state contributions are limited and expenditures in excess of this made by the region must be financed from other sources. Health reforms of 1992-93 aimed at making the regions more sensitive to the need to control aggregate expenditure and to monitor measures to promote efficiency, quality, and citizen-patient satisfaction. The diffusion of individual health technologies has been relatively uncontrolled in many regions in Italy, although tight central constraints on capital spending have contained diffusion of new technology. Regulation of placement of services is a planning function and is the responsibility of both the Ministry of Health and the regions. Health technology assessment (HTA) activities have been expanding since the early 1990s, but these activities tend to be untargeted, uncoordinated, and without priorities. Nonetheless, the principal actors in the SSN at national, regional, and local levels are becoming more sensitive to the need to apply criteria of clinical and cost-effectiveness and to be more rigorous in deciding what services to guarantee. There are reasons to be guardedly optimistic about the future of HTA in Italy. PMID:10932419
Swan, J. H.; Benjamin, A. E.
Rapid increases in the size and costs of the home health market, unknown impacts of Medicare's DRG hospital reimbursement on the posthospital market, and general lack of knowledge about factors that explain interstate variation in home health utilization all suggest the importance of developing and testing models of Medicare home health use. This article proposes and tests a model of state home health utilization as a function of the nursing home market. This model proposes that home health u...
Siphiwe D., Mnisi; Mmapheko D., Peu; Salomé M., Meyer.
Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to identify the role of community nurses in the prevention of tuberculosis (TB) and to identify problems experienced by them when fulfilling this role in the Tshwane Health District of Gauteng. A non-experimental, descriptive, quantitative research design method was [...] used to collect data from community nurses. The sample included 59 registered nurses who voluntarily agreed to participate in the study. A questionnaire was used to collect data and quantitative data analysis methods were employed. Various opinions and ideas on the role of community nurses in the prevention of TB and the problems experienced were identified. Based on the results of this research, measures to protect community nurses from contracting TB whilst on duty should be a priority. Government should support TB programmes by providing money to non-governmental organisations and direct observed treatment short course (DOTS) supporters to make follow-up visits to patients possible, thus reducing the number of defaulters. Stringent measures should be taken at all border points to ensure that foreigners are screened for TB, multidrug-resistant TB and extensively drug-resistant TB. This study was limited to community nurses in the Tshwane Health District of Gauteng who were registered with the South African Nursing Council (SANC) and therefore this study could not be generalised to registered nurses in the hospital setting or even to clinics in the rest of South Africa.
Baumann, Steven L; Wright, Stephen G; Settecase-Wu, Corinne
The conceptual ideas of Martha E. Rogers, as taught by her in the early 1980s, are here revisited as a celebration of 100 years since her birth and as a way to look at global or universe health nursing in the digital age. Rogers' correlates of unitary development are used as a matrix to consider contemporary issues in nursing and health. An example of how her vision has helped create and sustain a healing place for nurses and others called The Sacred Space Foundation in the United Kingdom is also briefly discussed. The authors hold that her unitary and optimistic vision remains relevant as a guide to nursing, and interdisciplinary research and innovation for global health in a rapidly changing world. PMID:25248777
Batt, A; Le Duff, F; Trouve, F; Bideau, C; Brunet, N; Chermeux, H; Drean, M P; Guyot, M C; Le Bras, L; Le Parc, B; Le Peru, I; Lefebvre, A; Lesellier, F; Perrot, M F; Sansoucy, M A; Trepos, M F
This study presents a pedagogical work carried out with a group of 13 school nurses of the Academy of Rennes, as part of a course in survey methodology. A descriptive survey aiming to achieve a better understanding of experienced health status of nurses, and of its repercussions on the execution of their missions, was implemented during the course, as a result of the demand and the expertise of the participants. Overall, nurses report to be in good health. However, one can not underestimate the existence of a group at risk (5% of the sample) that often suffers somatic troubles accompanied by sleep disorders and anxiety, as these risks concern primarily permanent staff nurses working in boarding establishments, with half of them falling into this category. A demand for regular monitoring of their health was clearly expressed through the study. This may be the object of a subsequent study by an academic team. PMID:10798175
Full Text Available This study assessed the impact of caring for AIDS sufferers on the mental health of nurses. This assessment was measured against the level of burnout, stress and depression among 174 nurses caring for people living with HIV and AIDS in Limpopo Province, South Africa. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The questionnaire incorporated the AIDS Impact Scale (AIS, Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI and the participants demographic and professional profiles. Participants were conveniently selected from five selected hospitals in Limpopo Province. The study participants valuation using the AIS showed that nurses tended to develop strong bonds and relationships with the patients; felt frustrated by their inability to help the terminally ill AIDS sufferers and were subsequently affected by the death of their patients. Personal accomplishments of the nurses remained high and the levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization levels were low. The BDI showed that over 3 out of 4 nurses were experiencing between mild mood disturbance and extreme depression. Higher average scores were noted for items of the depression scale like sadness, dissatisfaction, fatigue and low level of energy. The findings highlight the need to develop psychological support programmes for nurses caring for AIDS patients and promote the provision of social incentives and recognition of the role of nurses in AIDS care.
M, Davhana-Maselesele; JO, Igumbor.
Full Text Available This study assessed the impact of caring for AIDS sufferers on the mental health of nurses. This assessment was measured against the level of burnout, stress and depression among 174 nurses caring for people living with HIV and AIDS in Limpopo Province, South Africa. A structured questionnaire was u [...] sed for data collection. The questionnaire incorporated the AIDS Impact Scale (AIS), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the participants' demographic and professional profiles. Participants were conveniently selected from five selected hospitals in Limpopo Province. The study participants' valuation using the AIS showed that nurses tended to develop strong bonds and relationships with the patients; felt frustrated by their inability to help the terminally ill AIDS sufferers and were subsequently affected by the death of their patients. Personal accomplishments of the nurses remained high and the levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization levels were low. The BDI showed that over 3 out of 4 nurses were experiencing between mild mood disturbance and extreme depression. Higher average scores were noted for items of the depression scale like sadness, dissatisfaction, fatigue and low level of energy. The findings highlight the need to develop psychological support programmes for nurses caring for AIDS patients and promote the provision of social incentives and recognition of the role of nurses in AIDS care.
Fischer, A; Muller, M
The process of transformation in the South African Military Health Services, has influenced the nursing service managers' level of motivation and the following research question is applicable: what are the perceptions of the nursing service managers within the South African Military Health Services on their level of motivation? The purpose with this study was to explore and describe the perceptions of nursing service managers on their level of motivation within these health services. A qualitative research design was utilized and four focus group interviews were conducted with 33 nursing service managers country wide. The transcribed interviews were exposed to a content analysis. The results confirm that the level of motivation amongst these nursing service managers is low. The demotivators relate mainly to the following: inadequate acknowledgement, job insecurity in relation to the future, problems with the process of integration, transformation and rationalization, problems with management, many labour related issues, poor/inadequate communication, inadequate support, increased work load, poor physical environment, negative publicity and poor self motivation. Although there were a few motivators identified, they were of less importance. These results were interpreted within Herzberg's motivation theory to identify the hygiene/maintenance factors and to assess whether the important motivators were in place. During any process of change, and/or when the level of motivation amongst employees is low, it is important to adequately manage the environment (hygiene/maintenance factors within the Herzberg theory). But it is even more important to ensure that the motivators are in place or to intensify them. It is therefore recommended that a motivation strategy, based on the Herzberg theory as well as the Hackman-Oldham job enrichment model, be developed, implemented and evaluated. PMID:11949294
AÇÕES DE PROMOÇÃO DA SAÚDE REALIZADAS POR ENFERMEIROS NA AVALIAÇÃO DO CRESCIMENTO E DESENVOLVIMENTO INFANTIL / NURSING HEALTH PROMOTION ACTIONS IN THE ASSESSMENT OF CHILD GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT / ACCIONES DE PROMOCIÓN DE LA SALUD REALIZADAS POR LAS ENFERMERAS EN LA EVALUACIÓN DE CRECIMIENTO Y DESARROLLO INFANTIL
FLÁVIA PAULA, MAGALHÃES MONTEIRO; THELMA LEITE, DE ARAUJO; LORENA, BARBOSA XIMENES; NEIVA FRANCENELY, CUNHA VIEIRA.
Full Text Available Objetivou-se identificar as ações de promoção da saúde pelo enfermeiro na avaliação do crescimento e do desenvolvimento infantil e analisá-las quanto às competências essenciais da promoção da saúde preconizadas pela Public Health Agency of Canada. Realizou-se uma Revisão integrativa em cinco bases d [...] e dados, utilizando uma combinação dos termos: crescimento e desenvolvimento, criança, promoção da saúde e enfermagem. Procedeu-se a análise de 10 artigos na íntegra. Os estudos apontam que as ações de enfermagem são bem diversificadas e relacionam-se às medidas de investigação, avaliação e/ou intervenções, porém enfatizam apenas os aspectos nutricionais nesse processo, em detrimento às diferentes dimensões que contemplam o desenvolvimento infantil. Entre as sete competências identificadas, houve predomínio da avaliação e análise. Ademais, a competência diversidade e inclusão social foram identificadas em apenas dois estudos. Por fim, os enfermeiros vêem aplicando suas habilidades/competências na promoção da saúde, no entanto integram-nas sem utilizar um referencial teórico que norteie suas ações de crescimento e desenvolvimento infantil. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este trabajo fue identificar las acciones para promoción de la salud por enfermeras en la evaluación del crecimiento y desarrollo del niño y analizar las competencias básicas de promoción de la salud recomendadas por la Agencia de Salud Pública de Canadá. Se llevó a cabo una revisión [...] integradora en cinco bases de datos, utilizando una combinación de términos: crecimiento y desarrollo, niño, promoción de la salud y enfermería. Se procedió al análisis de los 10 artículos. Los autores señalaron que las Acciones de enfermería se encuentran diversificadas, y se refieren a las medidas de investigación, evaluación y/o intervenciones, sin embargo insisten en los aspectos nutricionales de este proceso, en lugar de las diferentes dimensiones que incluyen el desarrollo del niño. Entre las siete competencias identificadas, hubo predominio de la evaluación y análisis. Además, las competencias diversidad e inclusión social se identificaron en sólo dos estudios. Por último, las enfermeras ven aplicados sus conocimientos/competencias en promoción de la salud, sin utilizar un referencial teórico que oriente sus acciones en el crecimiento y desarrollo infantil. Abstract in english Aimed to identify the actions of health promotion by nurses in the assessment of child growth and development and to analyze them as core competencies of health promotion recommended by the Public Health Agency of Canada. Carried out a integrative review of five databases, using a combination of the [...] terms: growth and development, child health promotion and nursing. Proceeded to the analysis of articles 10 in its entirety. The authors pointed out that nursing actions are well diversified and relate to measures of research, assessment and /or interventions, however they only emphasize on the nutritional aspects in this process, rather than the different dimensions that include child development. Among the seven competencies identified, evaluation and analysis were predominant. Moreover, the competence diversity and inclusion were identified in only two studies. Finally, the nurses see that their skills/competencies are being applied in health promotion, incorporating them without using a theoretical framework that guides their actions in child growth and development.
van Dijk Frank JH
Full Text Available Abstract Background Employees in health care service are at high risk for developing mental health complaints. The effects of mental health complaints on work can have serious consequences for the quality of care provided by these workers. To help health service workers remain healthy and productive, preventive actions are necessary. A Workers' Health Surveillance (WHS mental module may be an effective strategy to monitor and promote good (mental health and work performance. The objective of this paper is to describe the design of a three arm cluster randomized controlled trial on the effectiveness of a WHS mental module for nurses and allied health professionals. Two strategies for this WHS mental module will be compared along with data from a control group. Additionally, the cost effectiveness of the approaches will be evaluated from a societal perspective. Methods The study is designed as a cluster randomized controlled trial consisting of three arms (two intervention groups, 1 control group with randomization at ward level. The study population consists of 86 departments in one Dutch academic medical center with a total of 1731 nurses and allied health professionals. At baseline, after three months and after six months of follow-up, outcomes will be assessed by online questionnaires. In both intervention arms, participants will complete a screening to detect problems in mental health and work functioning and receive feedback on their screening results. In cases of impairments in mental health or work functioning in the first intervention arm, a consultation with an occupational physician will be offered. The second intervention arm offers a choice of self-help e-mental health interventions, which will be tailored based on each individual's mental health state and work functioning. The primary outcomes will be help-seeking behavior and work functioning. Secondary outcomes will be mental health and wellbeing. Furthermore, cost-effectiveness in both intervention arms will be assessed, and a process evaluation will be performed. Discussion When it is proven effective compared to a control group, a WHS mental module for nurses and allied health professionals could be implemented and used on a regular basis by occupational health services in hospitals to improve employees' mental health and work functioning. Trial Registration NTR2786
L F Small
Full Text Available T he researcher, being a nursing lecturer, questioned the method of selection of learning opportunities for student nurses in two training hospitals in the Northern part of Namibia.
The study therefore focused on the following objective: To identify the factors that influence the selection of learning opportunities for primary health care in hospital units. A qualitative research design utilising focus group discussions were used. The population consisted of conveniently selected lecturers, student nurses and registered nurses. The same initial question was asked in each focus group to initiate the discussions. The data were analysed according to Tesch's method.
The results indicated that there is positive commitment from the lecturers and registered nurses to be involved in selecting appropriate learning opportunities. The student nurses also demonstrated a willingness to learn and to be exposed to learning opportunities in primary health care. There were however certain constraints that emerged as themes, namely:
Managerial constraints Educational constraints
Under the theme "managerial constraints" categories such as workload, nursing staff shortages and communication problems were identified. Under the theme "educational constraints" categories such as a lack of guidance, and the correlation of theory and practice emerged.
Recommendations based on this research report include improvement of in-service education on managerial and educational aspects to facilitate the primary health care approach in hospitals.
Stolt, Minna; Suhonen, Riitta; Puukka, Pauli; Viitanen, Matti; Voutilainen, Päivi; Leino-Kilpi, Helena
This study described the basic foot care activities performed by nurses and factors associated with these in the home care of older people. Data were collected from nurses (n=322) working in nine public home care agencies in Finland using the Nurses' Foot Care Activities Questionnaire (NFAQ). Data were analyzed statistically using descriptive statistics and multivariate liner models. Although some of the basic foot care activities of nurses reported using were outdated, the majority of foot care activities were consistent with recommendations in foot care literature. Longer working experience, referring patients with foot problems to a podiatrist and physiotherapist, and patient education in wart and nail care were associated with a high score for adequate foot care activities. Continuing education should focus on updating basic foot care activities and increasing the use of evidence-based foot care methods. Also, geriatric nursing research should focus in intervention research to improve the use of evidence-based basic foot care activities. PMID:24018200
Gilcéria Tochika, Shimoda; Ilva Marico Mizumoto, Aragaki; Clóvis Arlindo de, Sousa; Isilia Aparecida, Silva.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Relacionar as necessidades de saúde e a qualidade de vida de nutrizes. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 219 nutrizes selecionadas por amostra consecutiva de conveniência. O instrumento de pesquisa utilizado foi o WHOQOL-bref. RESULTADOS: O não atendimento das necessidades de saúde das nutri [...] zes esteve associado às menores médias de qualidade de vida, com diferença estatística significativa: no domínio Físico, para mulheres com necessidade de sono e repouso, apoio familiar e tempo para si; no domínio Relações Sociais, para mulheres com necessidade de apoio familiar; no domínio Meio Ambiente, para aquelas com necessidade de acesso aos serviços de saúde, ambiente adequado para amamentar e apoio profissional; no domínio Psicológico para nutrizes com necessidade de ter boa saúde mental. CONCLUSÃO: As nutrizes com necessidades de saúde não supridas apresentaram média de qualidade de vida inferior. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Establish a relationship between nursing mothers' health needs and their quality of life. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 219 nursing mothers selected by consecutive convenience sampling. The assessment instrument WHOQOL-bref was used in this study. RESULTS: A significant statistical [...] difference was found between the non-satisfaction of the nursing mothers' health needs and a lower mean quality of life score as follows: in the physical domain, for women who needed sleep and rest, family support and time for themselves; in the social relationships domain, for women who needed family support; in the environment domain, for those who needed access to health services, an appropriate environment to breastfeed and professional support; in the psychological domain, for mothers who needed good mental health. CONCLUSION: Nursing mothers with unsatisfied health needs presented a lower mean quality of life score.
Rokkas, Philippa; Cornell, Victoria; Steenkamp, Malinda
To date, Australia has not had to respond to a nationwide catastrophic event. However, over the past decade, heat waves, bushfires, cyclones, and floods have significantly challenged Australia's disaster preparedness and the surge capacity of local and regional health systems. Given that disaster events are predicted to increase in impact and frequency, the health workforce needs to be prepared for and able to respond effectively to a disaster. To be effective, nurses must be clear regarding their role in a disaster and be able to articulate the value and relevance of this role to communities and the professionals they work with. Since almost all disasters will exert some impact on public health, it is expedient to prepare the public health nursing workforce within Australia. This paper highlights issues currently facing disaster nursing and focuses on the challenges for Australian public health nurses responding to and preparing for disasters within Australia. The paper specifically addresses public health nurses' awareness regarding their roles in disaster preparation and response, given their unique skills and central position in public health. PMID:24635900
Tveiten, Sidsel; Severinsson, Elisabeth
The aim of the present study was to examine the meaning and experiences of client supervision from the perspective of Norwegian public health nurses. The World Health Organization (WHO) states that new intervention strategies to improve public health are necessary. Supervision represents such a strategy. Three focus groups were interviewed twice. The data were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. The findings revealed three themes: (i) the meaning of the umbrella term client supervision; informing, teaching, giving advice and ensuring the quality of supervision; (ii) factors influencing supervision; the public health nurses' available time and competence and the clients' ability to be supervised; and (iii) events and content representing the complexity of conducting supervision. In conclusion, the width of the concept, the influencing factors and the complexity claim that public health nurses have competence to supervise. PMID:15507048
Rosted, Elizabeth Emilie
Geriatric patients recently discharged from hospital are at risk of unplanned readmissions and admission to nursing home. The risk increases when they are discharged directly from Emergency Department (ED). Time pressure there often requires focus on the presenting problem, although 80 % of geriatric patients have complex and often unresolved caring needs. To ensure seamless transition from the ED to the patients home, assessment and intervention carried out by an aged care nursing specialist is suggested as a model for assessing unresolved caring needs. Thus, the aim of this thesis was to examine the use and effect of a two-stage model for structured nursing assessment and problem solving intervention, ISAR II, carried out immediately following discharge from ED and again after 30 days and 180 days in order to assess older peoples unresolved problems. This thesis comprises two separate studies. Study A presents a prospective and descriptive pilot study covering 30 days and 180 days follow-ups in which the ISAR II model for structured nursing assessment and problem solving intervention was tested; 154 older persons, 70 years and over participated, their mean age was 82 (SD 7.0) and 113 (73%) were female. Study B presents a randomised controlled study where it was investigated whether the ISAR II model is effective in preventing acute hospital readmissions, permanent admission to nursing home or mortality; 271 older persons 70 years and over were included. Their mean age was 82 (SD 6.6), 180 (66%) were female and 128 (32%) refused to participate. To identify the older persons who were in greatest need of assistance a screening instrument was used, ISAR I. ISAR I comprise six questions and when scoring 2 or more the older person was considered at increased risk of readmission to hospital or functional decline and thus offered to participate in our study. Intervention: After detecting the older people at risk who were planned to be discharged, the research nurse assessed physical, emotional, and cognitive functional status and did a brief standardised nursing assessment and intervention, ISAR II, developed by McCusker et al.. ISAR II comprises a checklist of physical, mental, medical and social problems. Focus was on unresolved problems that required medical intervention, new/different community assistant services, or comprehensive geriatric assessment. After assessment the nurse made relevant referrals to geriatric outpatient clinic, community health centre, primary physician, or arrangements with next-of-kin. The assessments and ISAR II were repeated at follow-up home visits 30 days and 180 days after discharge. In Study A, it was found that the rate of readmission to hospital was 22% after 30 days and 32% after 180 days. A decrease in participants unresolved problems was found from 2 at baseline to 0.5 at 180 days follow-up and an increase of 13% in participants receiving community service assistance from baseline to 30 days follow-up. The ISAR II model worked well in the ED and thus it should be investigated further in a randomised controlled study. In Study B no effect was found on acute readmission to hospital, permanent admission to nursing home, or death. Though, a tendency toward earlier readmission to hospital was found in the intervention group. Effect was found in emotional wellbeing as participants in the intervention group were less likely to be at risk of depression after 180 days measured by GDS5 (P=0.05). Also a significant difference was found in participants tiredness scores. While fewer reported they felt not tiered, more reported they felt tiered in four to six items in the control group (p<0.0001). Participants in both groups maintained their level of physical function. In the intervention group participants unresolved problems diminished from 2 to 0.6 at 180 days follow-up though no significant differences in assistance provided either by the community nurse or by home help was found. A subgroup analyses of participants with an ISAR I score of 2 showed that the intervention group had li
Mª Dolores Poyatos Ruiz
Full Text Available The social needs and requests change constantly, so that health care is evolving to a more focused on the users, in order to meet users´ needs and expectations of those who are going to get our assistance. Aim: We have developed a research to evaluate the quality of the assistance received by the patientst in their first encounter in the hospital external consulting rooms of traumathology at Santa Bárbara Hospital, letting us know about the patient´s satisfaction after the consulting has finished. Material and method: A transverse descriptive study on the traumathology consulting room of Santa Bárbara Hospital in Puertollano was developed for two months. The research is formed by the patients who attend this consulting room for their first time. A self made multiple choice questionnaire, which was designe by experts, and patients were asked to answer it once their first consulting at traumathology service had finished. Results: 95.6% of the patients considered as good or very good the nursing kindness (confidence/reliabitity when seeing them; 93.5% of them considered as good or very good the information given to them and 90.6% of them considered as good or very good the medical explanations they got. We also noticed a significant statistical difference among nursing kindness (confidence/reliabitity, enough consultation time and explanations received, with regard to the variant high resolution. Conclusions: The study reveals that more than 90% of the interviewed people considered as good or very good the clinical assistance and service given. The research has allowed us to know the areas that we can work on and improve.
McDaid, T M; Smyth, S
Metabolic abnormalities such as diabetes, obesity and dyslipidaemia are found in much higher rates in people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia when compared with the general population. This review discusses the most prevalent metabolic abnormalities associated with schizophrenia, their frequency and implications for mental health nurses (MHN). This review illuminates the need for MHN to acquire added awareness, knowledge and practical strategies in managing people at high risk of developing metabolic abnormalities associated with MetS. By doing this, it contributes to the literature by highlighting practical strategies for MHN in assessment and ongoing monitoring of metabolic abnormalities in clinical practice. This review highlights the need for MHN to be vigilant in monitoring a person's physical state on commencement and throughout treatment with antipsychotics. There is a need for an early detection monitoring system for people who are potentially at risk of developing metabolic abnormalities. The literature review aimed to investigate metabolic abnormalities associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in people diagnosed with schizophrenia; they are almost twice as likely to have metabolic risk factors and die approximately 20 years younger than the general population. MetS has become an issue of growing concern in mental health nursing. A comprehensive literature review was conducted utilizing various databases to address the reviews aim. Databases such as CINAHL Plus with full text (via EBSCO), MEDLINE(R) (OVID), PsycINFO and the COCHRANE library were accessed. The main metabolic abnormalities that emerged were: diabetes, obesity and dyslipidaemia. Antipsychotic medication also plays a vital role in a person's susceptibility to the development of MetS. It is critical that MHN has access to training and education in managing people at high risk of developing metabolic abnormalities associated with MetS. This review contributes to the literature by highlighting practical strategies for MHN in assessment and ongoing monitoring of metabolic abnormalities in clinical practice. PMID:25524393
People across the globe use social media to connect with one another, stay in touch with friends and family, and exchange information. Health care has embraced social media, and nursing organizations such as the American Nurses Association (ANA) and NASN have a presence in the social media landscape. The students in our schools today are digital natives who grew up with and are at home in the world of technology. With so many options in the digital world, the question is how can school nurses harness this technology to connect with their students and families? More importantly, how can school nurses use social media in a professional and responsible manner and help to enhance the profession of school nursing overall? This article will outline the planning and implementation of an ongoing social media campaign on wellness and healthy behaviors by one Texas suburban school district. PMID:25816429
Full Text Available Nursing is a profession providing services directly to people through interpersonal relationships. Using emotional intelligence and communication skills, nurses, while taking care, could detect more accurately the needs of patients and create a positive impact on patients by providing effective care. Emotional intelligence and communication skills should get involved and developed in the nursing education process. The purpose of this study is to evaluate nursing students levels of emotional intelligence and communication skills and to determine the relationship between them. The data were obtained from 195 students studying in Harran University Nursing Department of School of Health through Personal Information Form, Emotional Intelligence Evaluation Scale and Communication Skills Evaluation Scale. To analyze the data t-test, variance analysis and Pearsons correlation analysis were used. As a result, a significant positive relationship was found between students emotional intelligence and communication skills.
Mary Smith; Nazilla Khanlou
A society that values mental health and helps people live enjoyable and meaningful lives is a clear aspiration echoed throughout our Canadian health care system. The Mental Health Commission of Canada has put forth a framework for a mental health strategy with goals that reflect the virtue of optimal mental health for all Canadians (Mental Health Commission Canada, 2009). Canadian nurses, the largest group of health care workers, have a vital role in achieving these goals. In Canada, two-thir...
Campbell, Suzanne Hetzel; Crabtree, Robbin D.; Kelly, Patrick
The powerful and complex mandates arising from reports such as "The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health" and "Health Professionals for a New Century: Transforming Education to Strengthen Health Systems in an Interdependent World" challenge colleges and universities to reconsider how they deliver nursing
...false Reporting of results of health assessments and health effects studies...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES...11 Reporting of results of health assessments and health effects...
...2010-10-01 false Conduct of health assessments and health effects studies...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES...PROCEDURES § 90.8 Conduct of health assessments and health effects...
Stanton, Robert; Happell, Brenda; Reaburn, Peter
Nurses working in mental health are well positioned to prescribe exercise to people with mental illness. However, little is known regarding their exercise-prescription practices. We examined the self-reported physical activity and exercise-prescription practices of nurses working in inpatient mental health facilities. Thirty-four nurses completed the Exercise in Mental Illness Questionnaire - Health Practitioner Version. Non-parametric bivariate statistics revealed no relationship between nurses' self-reported physical activity participation and the frequency of exercise prescription for people with mental illness. Exercise-prescription parameters used by nurses are consistent with those recommended for both the general population and for people with mental illness. A substantial number of barriers to effective exercise prescription, including lack of training, systemic issues (such as prioritization and lack of time), and lack of consumer motivation, impact on the prescription of exercise for people with mental illness. Addressing the barriers to exercise prescription could improve the proportion of nurses who routinely prescribe exercise. Collaboration with exercise professionals, such as accredited exercise physiologists or physiotherapists, might improve knowledge of evidence-based exercise-prescription practices for people with mental illness, thereby improving both physical and mental health outcomes for this vulnerable population. PMID:25639383
Frijters, D; Achterberg, W; Hirdes, J P; Fries, B E; Morris, J N; Steel, K
The paper explores the meaning of Resident Assessment Instruments. It gives a summary of existing RAI instruments and derived applications. It argues how all of these form the basis for an integrated health information system for "chain care" (home care, home for the elderly care, nursing home care, mental health care and acute care). The primary application of RAI systems is the assessment of client care needs, followed by an analysis of the required and administered care with the objective to make an optimal individual care plan. On the basis of RAI, however, applications have been derived for reimbursement systems, quality improvement programs, accreditation, benchmarking, best practice comparison and care eligibility systems. These applications have become possible by the development on the basis of the Minimum Data Set of RAI of outcome measures (item scores, scales and indices), case-mix classifications and quality indicators. To illustrate the possibilities of outcome measures of RAI we present a table and a figure with data of six Dutch nursing homes which shows how social engagement is related to ADL and cognition. We argue that RAI/MDS assessment instruments comprise an integrated health information system because they have consistent terminology, common core items, and a common conceptual basis in a clinical approach that emphasizes the identification of functional problems. PMID:11293844
Nurse practitioners' (NPs) knowledge, experience, and intention to use health literacy strategies in practice were investigated using the Theory of Planned Behavior as the theoretical framework. NPs who work in outpatient settings were recruited at a national NP conference. Participants were administered 3 self-report instruments: Health Literacy Knowledge and Experience Survey, Parts I and II; and the Health Literacy Strategies Behavioral Intention Questionnaire. Overall knowledge of health ...
This paper considers the processes through which historical narratives are shaped. Interest in this area emerged from the author's struggle to understand contemporary mental health nursing in Ireland, and to situate this profession within its historical context and trajectory. It is argued that both the historical narrative and contemporary image of Irish mental health nursing are heavily influenced by the methodologies adopted by historians working in this area. The 'progressive historical approach', which remains the predominant methodological tradition adopted in nursing history, is firstly considered in this paper. The limitations of this approach are explored and an 'interpretive historical approach' is suggested as methodological counterpoint to the progressive tradition. 'Critical perspectives' are also considered and contextualized with reference to interpretive schools of thought. It is proposed that a fusion of the interpretive and critical approaches can offer a sound theoretical basis for the development of contemporary histories of nursing that transcends progressive narratives of altruistic caring interventions. PMID:21896107
Full Text Available Nursing faces yet another divergence between demand and supply that is evidenced in insufficient nurse staffing with significant implications for patient safety. Many believe this shortage of registered nurses is entrenched in long-standing problems related to the value and image of nursing and the limited role nursing has had in identifying priorities within health care delivery systems. Nursing's Agenda for the Future is a plan resulting from the experience and wisdom of a broad representation of general nursing and nursing specialty organizations. Efforts to realize the priorities and objectives have evolved over the past two years in order to make larger strides, or quantum leaps, toward reaching the objectives contained within the plan. This article reviews the activities leading up to the development of this plan, presents the key areas of concern addressed in this plan, describes what has been accomplished since the publication of this plan in 2002, and outlines the work that lies ahead to bring to fruition the objectives the plan established.
Zehra Göçmen Baykara
Full Text Available In an ethics course, one of the important ways for students to separate ethical values and problems from other problem clusters and to learn how to evaluate ethical values and decision-making is to use the method of case analysis The study was performed descriptively in order to determine the effect of the use of case analysis method under the scope of a nursing ethics course in terms of students assessment skills regarding ethical problems. The study was conducted descriptively in order to determine the effect of the use of the case analysis method on students assessment skills of ethical problems in teaching an ethics course in nursing. 58 students taking the ethics course in the undergraduate program at the Nursing Department at Gazi University in the Health Sciences Faculty during the 2009-2010 academic years constituted the sample for the study. Research data were obtained by using a data collection form. This form included a total of ten questions, two of which were related to each of four cases, and two of which were related to the students participation in a scientific program regarding ethics and their academic averages. A data collection form was used three times in the nursing ethics course. Numbers, percentages, and a Cochran Test were also used in the assessment of data. In the first case, it was determined that the students awareness of the nature of common violations of ethical principles had increased over time but that the differences were not statistically significant. In the second case, students awareness of the ethical values involved and the sources that they referred to in making ethical decisions were examined and it was determined that the difference was statistically significant. In the third and the fourth cases, it was found that the students awareness of the presence of characteristic ethical dilemmas had increased gradually in each phase but that the difference was not statistically significant. In line with these results, it is suggested here that the case analysis method may be used effectively for students taking an ethics course and that this study could be repeated using a large sampling group in order to determine whether students have enough understanding of common ethical problems.
Marios Vasiliou; Christiana Kouta; Vasilios Raftopoulos
Background: Nurses are responsible and accountable for their nursing practice and there is a need to be culturally and linguistically competent in all of their encounters. To be culturally competent community nurses should have the appropriate transcultural education. It is therefore important to assess the level of cultural competence of the community nurses, within their everyday practice.Aim: The aim of the article was the cultural adaptation of the cultural competence assessment tool base...
Wasylko, Yolanda; Stickley, Theodore
Describes how psychodrama, forum theatre, and other forms of drama can facilitate active learning, develop empathy and reflective skills, and foster emotional intelligence in nursing education. Contains 21 references. (SK)
Wilson, Paul; Furnivall, J.; Barbour, R.; Connelly, G.; Bryce, G.; Phin, L.; Stallard, A.
Aim. This paper is a report of a study to describe the workload of health visitors and school nurses in relation to children and young people with psychological, emotional or behavioural problems, and to identify perceived challenges, obstacles and sources of satisfaction associated with this aspect of their work. Background. There is little published information on the work performed by non-specialist community nurses with children and young people who have psychological, emotional and b...
Collins, Sarah A.; Fred, Matthew; Wilcox, Lauren; Vawdrey, David K
Adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) has the potential to assist with clinical reasoning and streamline workflow; however, the data entry and review capabilities of most systems are suboptimal which may lead to workarounds. As an instance of a workaround, we examined nurses use of optional free-text comments in EHR flowsheets to support clinical needs for data interpretation. This mixed-method study included: 1) Content analysis of comments, 2) Interviews with nurses. We performed ...
Don OMahony; Graham Wright; Parimalarani Yogeswaran; Frederick Govere
Background: Nurses in primary healthcare record data for the monitoring and evaluation of diseases and services. Information and communications technology (ICT) can improve quality in healthcare by providing quality medical records. However, worldwide, the majority of health ICT projects have failed. Individual user acceptance is a crucial factor in successful ICT implementation.Objectives: The aim of this study is to explore nurses knowledge, attitudes and perceptions regarding ICT s...
Communication of care is essential in the multidisciplinary health care system and the patient record is an important tool for communication. The electronic patient record was introduced to facilitate the documentation of care, as well as the communication and evaluation of care. District nurses met the patient independently of other caregivers at the surgery or in the patients home. Documentation by district nurses is assumed to contribute to the view of the patient so that safe care can be...
Ivory, Catherine H
Health care technology can generate massive amounts of data. However, when data are generated from disparate, uncoordinated systems, using them to make decisions related to staffing can be a challenge. In this article, I describe the importance of data standardization, system interoperability, standard terminologies that support nursing practice, and nursing informatics expertise as tools for improving the usefulness of electronic systems for informing staffing decisions. PMID:25652033
Westwood, Jo; Mullan, Barbara
The current government in the United Kingdom has made a commitment to reducing the high rates of teenage conceptions and sexually transmitted infections by implementing various sexual health strategies. It emphasises an increased public health role for school nurses by identifying that they have access to the school-age population and the
Zirkel, Perry A.; Granthom, Margarita Fernan; Lovato, Leanna
News reports illustrate controversies between parents and schools in response to student health problems. Today's school nurse is in a pivotal position for the avoidance and resolution of disputes not only by increasing awareness of student health conditions but also by having a working knowledge of legal developments under Section 504 and its
Alexandropoulou, Marianthi; Sourtzi, Panayota; Kalokerinou, Athena
Published research concerning health promotion in Greek schools is limited. The aim of the study was to evaluate special education school nurses' involvement in health promotion activities, examine their attitudes toward it, and to explore the factors influencing their practices. A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 2005 by mailed
Davis, Terry C.; Fredrickson, Doren D.; Kennen, Estela M.; Humiston, Sharon G.; Arnold, Connie L.; Quinlin, Mackey S.; Bocchini, Joseph A., Jr.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether an in-service for public health nurses (PHNs) and accompanying educational materials could improve vaccine risk/benefit communication. The content and timing of vaccine communication were recorded during 246 pre-and 217 post-intervention visits in two public health immunization clinics.
Discussed are attempts made by staff at the Community Mental Health Center of the New Jersey School of Medicine to develop an ongoing working relationship with pediatric neonatologists, house staff, and nursing staff in order to promote their attunement to mental health needs and obtain access to their expertise. After a description of the center
Full text: In general, the main justification for the provision of health services is to improve the health of individuals and populations. Some experts focus on other goals for the health care systems, such as promoting health care innovation and increasing employment. Information on the efficacy of a diagnostic or therapeutic procedure has become more widely available during the last 25 years, both through increased research and increased availability of data based on, e.g. the Cochrane Collaboration and the Health Technology Assessment Database (INAHTA). At the same time, the most relevant information is often in proprietary hands, that is, in private organizations such as the manufacturing industry or in organizations that collect health information. The American Food and Drug Administration routinely assesses efficacy of devices and makes this information openly accessible. Unfortunately, the European Union focuses on trade issues, including innovation, and does not have a strong focus on public health. Competition for health care resources is a major concern even in segments of the population living in the richest countries. The problem of limited resources is, of course, much more pronounced in poor countries, in particular in the poorest countries. Although cost effectiveness of health care is very important conceptually, data are often not available. Cost effectiveness is often developed within the context of national needs and is very difficult to transfer t needs and is very difficult to transfer to other jurisdictions. In addition, data on cost effectiveness are often not available to compare different options in health care. There is thus enormous scope for such studies in the future. Broader issues, such as health care organization and morals and ethics are also important. For example, is it ethical to promote advanced technology in poor countries that cannot provide even basic health care services? Is it ethical for researchers to overlook the basic needs of poor countries when working on new technological systems? The problems for developing countries include the relative lack of information, but also other issues, for example: 1) Equipment is often purchased by donors, which often requires the purchase of the national product of the donning country in the case of bilateral aid. This makes it difficult to develop effective international equipment policies. 2) Industry plays a key role in promoting equipment and furnishing information. International industry is relatively good at furnishing technical information and purchasers can make contracts that also require reasonable support to ensure continued operation of the equipment. However, industry does not often furnish information that helps to determine if the equipment is actually useful in the particular context of limited resources or poor countries. 3) Developing countries rarely have a policy structure that encourages comparisons between different options. Frequently, policy-makers in developing countries point out that they feel they must accept what is offered or be left with little or nothing. 4) R and D focuses on the market in industrialized countries, paying little attention to the specific needs of poorer countries, which may result in a general lack of appropriate technology. In the 1970s, the WHO defined a basic radiology system for developing countries, which was marketed by companies such as General Electric and Siemens. Although this effort failed due to various reasons, in general, such attempts by industry to design products for developing countries are rare. So what is to be done? From the standpoint of those working in industrialized countries, the key point is probably to develop and help develop better information on equipment and its efficacy in providing health benefits. From the standpoint of those working in developing countries, there is an urgent need to develop policy structures. A key point is that developing countries must be prepared to say 'no, thank you,' in order to have ownership of their health care systems. Essential
de Pinho Helen
Full Text Available Abstract Background There is broad policy consensus that a shortage of doctors and nurses is a key constraint to increasing utilization of essential health services important for achieving the health Millennium Development Goals. However there is limited research on the quantitative links between health workers and service coverage rates. We examined the relationship between doctor and nurse concentrations and utilization rates of five essential health services in developing countries. Methods We performed cross-national analyses of low- and middle-income countries by means of ordinary least squares regression with coverage rates of antenatal care, attended delivery, caesarean section, measles immunization, tuberculosis case diagnosis and care for acute respiratory infection as outcomes. Doctor, nurse and aggregate health worker (sum of doctors and nurses concentrations were the main explanatory variables. Results Nurses were associated with utilization of skilled birth attendants (P = 0.02 and doctors were associated with measles immunization rates (P = 0.01 in separate adjusted analyses. Aggregate health workers were associated with the utilization of skilled birth attendants (P Conclusion A range of health system and population-level factors aside from health workers influences coverage of health services in developing countries. However, it is also plausible that health workers who are neither doctors nor nurses, such as clinical officers and community health workers, may be providing a substantial proportion of health services. The human resources for health research agenda should be expanded beyond doctors and nurses.
González-Torrente Susana; Pericas-Beltrán Jordi; Bennasar-Veny Miguel; Adrover-Barceló Rosa; Morales-Asencio José M; De Pedro-Gómez Joan
Abstract Background The study of the factors that encourage evidence-based clinical practice, such as structure, environment and professional skills, has contributed to an improvement in quality of care. Nevertheless, most of this research has been carried out in a hospital context, neglecting the area of primary health care. The main aim of this work was to assess the factors that influence an evidence-based clinical practice among nursing professionals in Primary Health Care. Methods A mult...
Piper, S M; Brown, P A
This article explores the relationship between psychology and health education and illustrates how ostensibly 'neutral' models and theories of psychology can be used by conflicting health education philosophies and ideologies. We contend both that health education is an intrinsic element of nursing (which, for the purpose of this article, also includes health visiting and midwifery) and that psychology legitimately underpins practice. Our concern in this article is in the potential application of models and theories of health-related behaviour such as the health belief model (Rosenstock et al 1988), the theory of reasoned action (Fishbein & Ajzen 1985) and the stages of change model (Prochaska & DiClemente 1982) to the health education elements of nursing practice without an awareness and scrutiny of their particular ideological standpoint, and contrasting relationships to power, and thus an understanding of the potential ambiguity regarding their role and function. PMID:10188468
Full Text Available Introduction: This study identifies and analyzes the levels of relations between decision-making competency, self-determination, and health lifestyle in nursing students. Methods: This study was designed as a descriptive research to identify the relations of nursing students decision-making competency, self-determination, and health lifestyle. The subjects were 187 nursing students. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and were analyzed by the IBM SPSS Statistics 19 program. Results: Decision-making competency of nursing students was 3.38 ± 0.41 points, and self-determination was 3.07 ± 0.38 points. Stress and physical exercise were the general and health-related lifestyle factors that contributed to the differences in decision-making competency. There were no differences in self-determination according to these factors. Conclusion: The results of the study showed that the levels of decision-making competency and self-determination in nursing students were moderate. Further studies are recommended for the development of these core abilities in nursing students.
Marilyn S. Brady
Full Text Available Healthy work environments in the nursing academic setting are essential for the recruitment and retention of faculty; they also serve to promote excellence in nursing education. Although the early efforts addressing healthy work environments focused on the clinical practice setting, more recent efforts have also considered the work environment in academic settings. The National League for Nursing has focused on work environments in academia and has published the Healthful Work Environment Tool Kit© that can be used by applicants for faculty positions, current faculty members, and nurse administrators to assess an academic work environment. The tool kit addresses the following nine work-related areas: salaries, benefits, workload, collegial environment, role preparation and professional development, scholarship, institutional support, marketing and recognition, and leadership. These areas are used to frame the discussion of how nursing faculty and administrators can work together to assess and enhance the health of nursing academic workplaces.
Voyer, Philippe; Martin, Lori Schindel
Providing high-quality mental health nursing care should be an important and continuous preoccupation in the gerontological nursing field. As the proportion of elderly people in our society is growing, the emphasis on high-quality care will receive increasing attention from administrators, politicians, organized groups, researchers and clinical nurses. Recent findings illustrate unequivocally the important contribution of nurses to achieving the goal of high-quality geriatric care. However, the quality of care for the elderly with psychological difficulties has not been addressed. The objective of this article is to illustrate that while nurses can accomplish much to improve the well-being and mental health of the elderly, their skills are often underutilized. Psychotropic drugs are often the first-line interventions used by health-care professionals to treat mental health concerns of elderly persons. Alternative therapies that could be implemented and evaluated, such as psychological counselling, supportive counselling, education and life review, are infrequently used. Nevertheless, current scientific data suggest that it would be very advantageous if nurses were to play a dominant role in the care of elderly people who are depressed or experiencing sleep pattern disturbances. The same can be said about elderly chronic users of benzodiazepines, as well as those with cognitive impairment. Evidence for the use of psychotropic medications as a viable treatment option for the elderly both in the community and in the long-term care setting who are experiencing mental health challenges is examined. Alternative non-pharmacological approaches that nurses can use to augment care are also briefly discussed. PMID:14685955
Bentayeb, M; Norback, D
ABSTRACT Few data exist on respiratory effects of indoor air quality and comfort parameters in the elderly. In the context of the GERIE study, we investigated for the first time the relationships of these factors to respiratory morbidity among elderly people permanently living in nursing homes in seven European countries. 600 elderly people from 50 nursing homes underwent a medical examination and completed a standardised questionnaire. Air quality and comfort parameters were objectively assessed in situ in the nursing home. Mean concentrations of air pollutants did not exceed the existing standards. Forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity ratio was highly significantly related to elevated levels of particles with a 50% cut-off aerodynamic diameter of <0.1 ?m (PM0.1) (adjusted OR 8.16, 95% CI 2.2429.3) and nitrogen dioxide (aOR 3.74, 95% CI 1.0613.1). Excess risks for usual breathlessness and cough were found with elevated PM10 (aOR 1.53 (95% CI 1.152.07) and aOR 1.73 (95% CI 1.1710.3), respectively) and nitrogen dioxide (aOR 1.58 (95% CI 1.152.20) and aOR 1.56 (95% CI 1.032.41), respectively). Excess risks for wheeze in the past year were found with PM0.1 (aOR 2.82, 95% CI 1.15 7.02) and for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and exhaled carbon monoxide with formaldehyde (aOR 3.49 (95% CI 1.1710.3) and aOR 1.25 (95% CI 1.021.55), respectively). Breathlessness and cough were associated with higher carbon dioxide. Relative humidity was inversely related to wheeze in the past year and usual cough. Elderly subjects aged ?80 years were at higher risk. Pollutant effects were more pronounced in the case of poor ventilation. Even at low levels, indoor air quality affected respiratory health in elderly people permanently living in nursing homes, with frailty increasing with age. The effects were modulated by ventilation.
E Mohamadkhani Shali
Full Text Available Introduction: Health anxiety is one of the most common anxiety disorders among medical students which can affect their activities in professional and educational fields. Therefore, the main objective of the present research is to study the effects of cognitive therapy training in groups on health anxiety among nursing students. Materials and Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study conducted on 30 nursing students with health anxiety score more than average. The students were randomly divided into two groups of experimental and control. After the short form health anxiety questionnaire was filled in by participants, cognitive therapy was taught to the experimental group in twelve ninety- minute sessions. Then both experimental and control groups filled in the health anxiety questionnaire again. Data were analyzed using co-variance test (Ancova. Results: The findings of this research showed that cognitive therapy training in groups in the significance level of P?0.05 reduced the rate of health anxiety among nursing students (P?0.017. Conclusion: The cognitive therapy training in groups has an important role in reducing health anxiety rate among nursing students. So the results of this research can be used in designing interventions such as deployment of educational programs for medical students.
Full Text Available Brett Williams,1 Ted Brown,2 Malcolm Boyle,1 Lisa McKenna,3 Claire Palermo,4 Jamie Etherington1 1Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, 2Department of Occupational Therapy, 3School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash UniversityPeninsula Campus, Frankston, 4Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash UniversityBerwick Campus, Berwick, Vic, Australia Purpose: This research examines the extent and nature of empathy among emergency health (paramedic, nursing, and midwifery students at one Australian university and investigates the longitudinal changes in empathy levels across the course of study. Methods: First-, second-, and third-year students at Monash University completed the Jefferson Scale of EmpathyHealth Professional (JSE-HP in 2008, 2009, and 2010, and the resulting mean empathy scores were analyzed by course, year of course, year of study, age, and sex. Results: Midwifery students were found to have higher empathy levels than nursing and emergency health students. Second- and third-year students scored higher than their counterparts in the first year. Empathy levels dipped in 2009 and rose in 2010. Students aged 2630 years and 3135 years recorded higher scores than their younger colleagues, and female students were found to be more empathic than their male counterparts. Conclusion: The finding that empathy levels are relatively stable over the term of study contributes to the understanding of how empathy evolves over the course of study and offers insights into the importance of incorporating and promoting empathy in health care curricula. Keywords: empathy, nursing, paramedics, midwifery, undergraduates
Sendall, Marguerite C.; Lidstone, John; Fleming, MaryLou; Domocol, Michelle
Background: The term "green health promotion" is given to health promotion underpinned by the principles of ecological health and sustainability. Green health promotion is supported philosophically by global health promotion documents such as the 1986 Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion and the ecological public health movement. Green
Junnola, Tarja; Eriksson, Elina; Salanterä, Sanna; Lauri, Sirkka
1. The paper addresses two questions: Firstly, what kind of information do nurses acquire from cancer patients for purposes of judging their patients' problems and preparing a care plan? Secondly, how systematically do nurses proceed in the decision-making process from the formulation of initial assumptions about the patient's situation to the final definition of problems? 2. The instrument used for data collection was a computer-simulated case description compiled by a team of four nursing researchers and one medical researcher. The case description was based on a real patient history. 3. The sample consisted of 107 Registered Nurses on four oncology, two internal medicine and five surgical wards of two central university hospitals in Finland. Data were collected in autumn 1998 and spring 1999 using a laptop computer and a tape recorder. 4. The four most important problems identified by nurses at baseline were pain (85%), pain medication (59%), family situation (66%) and spread of cancer (49%). Presented with a list of 23 options, they obtained additional information on average on 13 areas. Almost one-third collected information from 16 to 22 areas. On average nurses identified 12 of the 28 nursing problems specified. A statistically significant association was observed between information acquisition and problem definition in seven different variables. These had to do with pain, general condition and prognosis. 5. Nurses adequately prioritized their patients' problems and systematically collected data on those problems. On the other hand they also identified a number of problems that were not relevant to the situation. PMID:11903718
Full Text Available Health Impact Assessment (HIA was disseminated by World Health Organization (WHO European Region in Gothenburg consensus paper in 1999. In this consensus, HIA is defined as a combination of procedures, methods and tools by which a policy, program or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of population and the distribution of those effects within the population. HIA was accepted as a goal for 4th phase of healthy city projects between 2003- 2008. HIA is a new process for our country and especially municipal boroughs, local authorities interest with it. There is no legal base for HIA in our country. EIA practices conducted since 1993 showed us that, environmental and public health was postponed. Functional and decisive implementation of HAI depends on legal basis and national acceptance. If legal basis is supplied, society must take care about it, work for strict application and have to put a crimp in going back. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2010; 9(6.000: 689-694
Advancing our understanding of nursing work and work role effectiveness: is the Irish nursing minimum data set for mental health psychometrically robust and can it be used to inform nursing sensitive patient outcomes?
The aim of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the Irish Nursing Minimum Data Set for mental health to determine its usability in the clinical setting. A secondary aim of this study was to explore the ability of the tool to capture nursing sensitive outcomes of care, conceptualised and defined according to change in the patients condition mediated by nursing interventions. The research methodology was guided by a measurement error concept map. The validity of the...
Nordby-Hörnell Elisabeth; Forsberg Christina; Falkenberg Torkel; Andersson Susanne K; Airosa Fanny; Öhlén Gunnar; Sundberg Tobias
Abstract Background This study explores nursing personnel's experiences and perceptions of receiving tactile massage and hypnosis during a personnel health promotion project. Nursing in a short term emergency ward environment can be emotionally and physically exhausting due to the stressful work environment and the high dependency patient care. A health promotion project integrating tactile massage and hypnosis with conventional physical activities was therefore introduced for nursing personn...
Johnson, Joyce E; Smith, Amy L; Mastro, Kari A
The advent of health care reform means new pressures on American hospitals, which will be forced to do more with less. In the next decade, increased use of "Lean" principles and practices in hospitals can create real value by reducing waste and improving productivity, costs, quality, and the timely delivery of patient care services. In 2010, the Institute of Medicine recommended that nurses lead collaborative quality improvement efforts and assume a major role in redesigning health care in the United States. In this article, we provide an overview of the use of Lean techniques in health care and 2 case studies of successful, nurse-directed Lean initiatives at the Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital. The article concludes with some lessons we have learned and implications for nursing education in the future that must include the concepts, tools, and skills required for adapting Lean to the patient care environment. PMID:22677964
Kanda, Mikiko; Ota, Erika; Fukuda, Hiromi; Miyauchi, Shinji; Gilmour, Stuart; Kono, Yuko; Nakagama, Erika; Murashima, Sachiyo; Shibuya, Kenji
Introduction To realise universal health coverage in an ageing society, adequate provision of appropriately trained human resources is essential. The nurse practitioner (NP) is an autonomous and independent, advanced practice nurse capable of providing treatment and care that can be substituted for some aspects of a medical doctor's (MD's) role, especially in a community setting. Previous systematic reviews found higher levels of patient satisfaction with services provided by NPs than those provided by MDs. As non-communicable diseases become a major health burden requiring long-term healthcare in community settings, this systematic review aims to assess the equivalence of NP services to standard care provided by MDs, and to determine whether their practice is an effective alternative to that of MDs in community settings. Methods and analysis Relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cluster RCTs will be searched in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and the British Nursing Index. We will assess patient and health system utilisation outcomes of interventions comparing treatment and care provided by NPs in community settings with that provided by MDs. Two authors will independently screen studies for inclusion, consulting with a third author where necessary to resolve discrepancies. The risk of bias of included studies will be assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias tool, and quality of evidence using the GRADE approach. Meta-analysis of included studies will be conducted using fixed-effect or random-effects models depending on the degree of between-study heterogeneity. Results will be presented using risk ratios with 95% CI for dichotomous outcomes and standardised mean differences with 95% CI for continuous outcomes. Ethics and dissemination This systematic review and meta-analysis protocol does not require ethical approval. We will disseminate the findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis via publications in peer-reviewed journals. Trial registration number PROSPEROCRD42014009627. PMID:26105030
Full Text Available Mental health care has moved from hospital settings to community mental health settings, and there is a need to explore the perceptions of patient safety among registered nurses working in this field. Patient safety is to include everyone and to be the goal in all aspects of health care. The aim of the study was to explore registered nurses perceptions of patient safety in community mental health settings for people with serious mental illness. The study was qualitative and descriptive in nature and interviews were carried out during spring 2012, with seven registered nurses working in community mental health settings for people with serious mental illness in five municipalities in the middle of Sweden. The sampling was purposive and data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The findings showed that the registered nurses understood patient safety as providing support to people with serious mental illness in regaining and maintaining health through good treatment and respecting self-determination and avoiding coercion. The terms of daily living in small community mental health settings within the a large community health care organization, communication, sufficient knowledge of psychiatric disabilities among people in the residents network, and national laws and regulations, all had implications for patient safety. The registered nurses perceived patient safety as involving a wide range of issues that in other areas of care are more often discussed in terms of quality of care. Determining the boundaries of patient safety in community mental health settings for people with serious mental illness can be a first step in establishing workable routines that ensure safe patient care.
... Procedures for requesting health assessments. 90.3 Section 90.3...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES... Procedures for requesting health assessments. (a) ATSDR will...
Dowding, Dawn W; Turley, Marianne; Garrido, Terhilda
Purpose: To explore how nurses use an integrated Electronic Health Record (EHR) in practice. Methods: A multi-site case study across two hospitals in Kaiser Permanente Northern California. Non-participant observation was used to explore nurses' use of the EHR, while semi-structured interviews with nurses and managers explored their perceptions of the EHR and how it affected their practice. Data were analyzed thematically using codes derived deductively from the literature and inductively from the data. Results: Key themes arising from the analysis suggest that the EHR changed various elements of the way nurses practiced. Introducing the EHR was thought to have improved communication, ease of access to information and the safety of medication administration processes. At an organizational level, there was variability in how the EHR was used to support care documentation and initiatives to improve the quality of care provided by nurses. Conclusion: The EHR was perceived to improve efficiency, safety and communication by the majority of nurses who were interviewed. However, it is likely that a number of other factors such as individual nurse's characteristics and organizational culture influence how an EHR can be used effectively to improve outcomes for patients. PMID:25122056
Fastré, Greet M. J.; van der Klink, Marcel R.; Amsing-Smit, Pauline; van Merriënboer, Jeroen J.
This study examined the effects of type of assessment criteria (performance-based vs. competency-based), the relevance of assessment criteria (relevant criteria vs. all criteria), and their interaction on secondary vocational education students' performance and assessment skills. Students on three programmes in the domain of nursing and care
Marx, Eva; Hudson, Nancy; Deal, Tami B.; Pateman, Beth; Middleton, Kathleen
Background: The Council of Chief State School Officers' State Collaborative on Assessment and Student Standards Health Education Assessment Project (SCASS-HEAP) allows states to pool financial and human resources to develop effective ready-to-use health education assessment resources through a collaborative process. The purpose of this article is
Weinberg, D. M.
The records of health care institutions can be of great value to library patrons. Yet, librarians rarely provide these unique resources because records must be collected, arranged, and described before they can be useful to patrons. The University of Pennsylvania's Center for the Study of the History of Nursing conducted a survey of health care agencies in the mid-Atlantic region to locate records created by area health care institutions. The goals of this project were to develop a database o...
Sanah M.L. Mataboge; Elsie S.J. van Rensburg; Kgalabi J. Ngako
Psychiatric nurse practitioners (PNPs) working with mental health care users presenting with acute symptoms work in a complex environment. This environment is characterised by mental health care users who may present with a history of violence, sexual assault and substance misuse.The objectives of this study were twofold: firstly, to explore and describe the experiences of PNPs working with mental health care users (MHCUs) presenting with acute symptoms; and secondly, to make recommendations ...
Ana Cristina Viana Campos, Daniela Carla Medeiros-Silva, Flávia Fonseca de Toledo, Patrícia Maria Pereira de Araújo Zarzar, Júlio César Batista Santana, Eduardo Augusto dos Santos Moreira-Silva
Full Text Available Objectives: to investigate the knowledge, the attitudes and practices of the nurses students' in the specialization in Family Health, of the Institute of Continuous Education in PUC Sete Lagoas city, Belo Horizonte, Brasil. Methods: transversal, descriptive, study developed with 17 nurses, students of the Family Health Specialization, with volunteered to participate in the study. It was conducted toward the application of modified questionnaire with the thematic dental avulsion. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistical methods. Results: most of the nurses (71% never heard before the term dental avulsion. Five nurses (29% would not know which providences is necessary in case of dental avulsion, six (35% would store the tooth and conduct the person to the dentist, three (18% just direct the person to the dentist, one nurse (6% would conduct the person to do the restoration, the other (6% would store the tooth in milk and would give the tooth to the rescuer, and only one (6% of them would make the replantation immediately. Conclusions: we can affirm that the analyzed nurses present inadequately knowledge when they were questioned about different aspects of urgency procedures in cases of dental avulsion.
The metaphor of host and guest has value for exploring the practice and role identity of nurses on inpatient mental health units. Two complementary texts, one from the ancient Zen record of Lin-chi, and the other from the contemporary hermeneutic philosopher Richard Kearney, are used to elaborate meanings of host and guest that can be applied to the situation of mental health nurses. In a doctoral study with a hermeneutic design, I addressed the topic of nurse-patient relationship using an interpretive framework that included sources from Buddhist thought. The positions of host and guest emerged from interviews with nurses as one interpretive theme to open up new understanding of the topic. The two texts, originally distant in era and culture, both employ the host and guest metaphor. They are applied to extracts from interviews to open up discussions of hierarchy, status, patients' perspectives, otherness and resistances as features of nurses' complex experience. These provide insights into understanding practice and suggest implications for how institutional environments shape practice. An intercultural reading of texts can provide a source of new understanding of nurse-patient relationships. PMID:24602194
Lima, Marcos Souza; Shigueoka, David Carlos; Salvador, Maria Elisabete; da Silva Canteras, Lígia Mara; Carmagnani, Maria Isabel Sampaio; Ajzen, Sérgio Aron
The aims of this descriptive study were to determine the academic profile of nurses in a university hospital, assess their level of knowledge about magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and verify whether this knowledge was acquired during their undergraduate or graduate education. Ninety randomly selected nurses working in inpatient wards and outpatient units of a university hospital participated in the study. Data were collected through a questionnaire completed by the participants between August and October 2009. Most nurses were females who have received specialized education. The participants had a limited knowledge about MRI, which was restricted to the procedures to prepare patients for MRI examination and MRI contraindications. Most of the nurses acquired information about MRI during the professional practice. The majority of nurses showed interest to know more about the MRI examination, especially regarding the exam environment, conditions and contraindications, in order to prevent accidents. PMID:23181959
Helen Cardoso de Magalhães, Lívia Ferreira de Abreu, Wasley de Souza Novaes, Maristela de Moura Mendonça, Eduardo Augusto dos Santos Moreira-Silva, Daniela Carla Medeiros-Silva
Full Text Available Objectives: to present a broad review of the known nursing roles and correspondent medical assistance practices with emphasis on collective health. Methods: literature review which includes 1741 articles along with their most prominent references, carefully chosen from specialized scientific magazines over the last decades. After, analysis and synthesis of these materials, 13 articles was selected and, a retroactive search of the references of consulted articles was done to extend the research sources. Results: the nurses notable difficulty in both prioritizing their actions and elaborating solutions to complex chores undermine any possibility of tackling simple duties successfully. Conclusion: notwithstanding, in order to lay bare some old paradigms (biomedical, hegemonic and to give nurses a better consciousness comprehension of their real importance in society, we ought to find new tools that will allow them not only reach autonomy as qualified professionals but also act motivated individuals.
Silva, Maria Josefina; de Sousa, Eliane Miranda; Freitas, Cibelly Lima
This study aimed to analyze the Political and Pedagogical Projects (PPP) of three nursing courses older Ceará, showing how the National Curriculum Guidelines for Nursing are expressed in them, and the changes occurring in nursing as a profession in Brazil. This is a documentary research, in which he noted the influence of the National Curriculum Guidelines for Nursing in training professionals to work in Primary Care. From the study it was concluded that the PPP analysis are concerned with the training focused on the but two of the universities concerned have a curriculum more focused on the principles of primary care and only one of them brings the proposal of the whole curriculum, an aspect that contributes to discussions in education when considering the professional training for Single Health System. PMID:21755216
Tetteh, Hassan A
Kaizen is a proven management technique that has a practical application for health care in the context of health care reform and the 2010 Institute of Medicine landmark report on the future of nursing. Compounded productivity is the unique benefit of kaizen, and its principles are change, efficiency, performance of key essential steps, and the elimination of waste through small and continuous process improvements. The kaizen model offers specific instruction for perioperative nurses to achieve process improvement in a five-step framework that includes teamwork, personal discipline, improved morale, quality circles, and suggestions for improvement. PMID:22201574
Naidoo Joanne R; Uys Leana R
Abstract Background South Africa is currently focusing strongly on human resource development. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the quality of nursing service and care in three health districts in the KwaZulu Natal Province. To identify deficiencies which could be addressed by education and training, it might be useful to measure the quality of care given by nurses. Methods From March to August 2002 a survey was done in six hospitals and six clinics in three health distri...
...to the Required Assessment Tool for State Nursing Homes Receiving Per Diem Payments From VA...that receive per diem from VA for providing nursing home care to veterans. It requires State nursing homes receiving per diem from VA to use...
This 5-year project has been used for consumers to identify the best health care plans and services for their needs. The goals of the Consumer Assessment of Health Plans (CAHPS?) are to (1) develop and test questionnaires that assess health plans and services, (2) produce easily ...
Cuff, Patricia A.
"Assessing Health Professional Education" is the summary of a workshop hosted by the Institute of Medicine's Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education to explore assessment of health professional education. At the event, Forum members shared personal experiences and learned from patients, students, educators, and
Taichman, Darren B.; Mcgoon, Michael D.; Harhay, Michael O.; Archer-chicko, Chris; Sager, Jeffrey S.; Murugappan, Meena; Chakinali, Murali M.; Palevsky, Harold I.; Gallop, Robert
OBJECTIVE: To assess interrater reliability of the New York Heart Association/World Health Organization functional classification as applied by clinicians (defined as both physicians and nurses in this article) to patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).
Full Text Available Abstract Background A number of recent developments in medical and nursing education have highlighted the importance of communication and consultation skills (CCS. Although such skills are taught in all medical and nursing undergraduate curriculums, there is no comprehensive screening or assessment programme of CCS using professionally trained Standardized Patients Educators (SPE's in Ireland. This study was designed to test the content, process and acceptability of a screening programme in CCS with Irish medical and nursing students using trained SPE's and a previously validated global rating scale for CCS. Methods Eight tutors from the Schools of Nursing and Medicine at University College Cork were trained in the use of a validated communication skills and attitudes holistic assessment tool. A total of forty six medical students (Year 2 of 5 and sixty four nursing students (Year 2/3 of 4 were selected to under go individual CCS assessment by the tutors via an SPE led scenario. Immediate formative feedback was provided by the SPE's for the students. Students who did not pass the assessment were referred for remediation CCS learning. Results Almost three quarters of medical students (33/46; 72% and 81% of nursing students (56/64 passed the CCS assessment in both communication and attitudes categories. All nursing students had English as their first language. Nine of thirteen medical students referred for enhanced learning in CCS did not have English as their first language. Conclusions A significant proportion of both medical and nursing students required referral for enhanced training in CCS. Medical students requiring enhanced training were more likely not to have English as a first language.
Ryan, C Anthony
Abstract Background A number of recent developments in medical and nursing education have highlighted the importance of communication and consultation skills (CCS). Although such skills are taught in all medical and nursing undergraduate curriculums, there is no comprehensive screening or assessment programme of CCS using professionally trained Standardized Patients Educators (SPE\\'s) in Ireland. This study was designed to test the content, process and acceptability of a screening programme in CCS with Irish medical and nursing students using trained SPE\\'s and a previously validated global rating scale for CCS. Methods Eight tutors from the Schools of Nursing and Medicine at University College Cork were trained in the use of a validated communication skills and attitudes holistic assessment tool. A total of forty six medical students (Year 2 of 5) and sixty four nursing students (Year 2\\/3 of 4) were selected to under go individual CCS assessment by the tutors via an SPE led scenario. Immediate formative feedback was provided by the SPE\\'s for the students. Students who did not pass the assessment were referred for remediation CCS learning. Results Almost three quarters of medical students (33\\/46; 72%) and 81% of nursing students (56\\/64) passed the CCS assessment in both communication and attitudes categories. All nursing students had English as their first language. Nine of thirteen medical students referred for enhanced learning in CCS did not have English as their first language. Conclusions A significant proportion of both medical and nursing students required referral for enhanced training in CCS. Medical students requiring enhanced training were more likely not to have English as a first language.
Abdul Ghani Kanesan Abdullah
Full Text Available AbstractThe purpose of this research is to study the impact of the critical thinking component in the health education curriculum of nurses for patients with different health needs. Data for this research was gathered from mixed approaches, quantitative and qualitative approaches. For the quantitative approach 84 student nurses were selected randomly to represent the experiment and control groups in a private medical college in Northern part of Pennisular Malaysia. The 2 groups of students had been exposed to health education and clinical training in the wards as determined by the nursing curriculum. Following that, a treatment in the form of a critical thinking module which consisted of critical thinking related activities, was only given to the experiment group. Following the quantitative session, the qualitative approach was used. In this session, 5 student nurses were selected randomly and they were interviewed for 2 times, the first session was after the treatment was given and the second session was after clinical training with the patients. Besides these interviews, the patients concerned were also interviewed Findings from t-test and ANCOVA showed significant difference in the achievement between the experiment and control groups. In other words, these findings showed that there was a significant impact of the critical thinking component in the health education curriculum of nurses. Qualitative data findings showed that the respondents demonstrated thinking skills during their clinical training. Their patients too voiced individual views and perceptions. The students also felt that their thinking had improved after their induction to the critical thinking module. Key words: Critical Thinking. Curriculum. Nurses. Health Education. Patients. Decision-making
Giger, J N; Davidhizar, R E; Turner, G
Even in this age of information, some African Americans equate good health with luck or success. An illness or disease, viewed as undesirable, may be equated with bad luck, chance, fate, poverty, domestic turmoil, or unemployment, and in such case, Black Americans will consult a physician only after attempts with home remedies have failed. It is important for the nurse when working with Black patients, remember that when this patient enters the traditional bio-medical health care delivery system, it is best to assume that all known and available cultural home remedies have been tried. According to Bloch (1976), some Black Americans believe that the nurse should recognize cultural medical practices and the western medical remedies based on these beliefs. It is essential that the nurse determine whether these home remedies will interact or interfere with orthodox medical approaches. If home remedies are found to be efficacious or neutral. they may be kept at the patient's bedside. However, if they are found to be harmful, the nurse should assist the patient in developing an understanding about the remedies' dangers. With an emphasis on education, the patient can be navigated toward modern medical preventive techniques and cures, and the nurse may observe and judge the variety and efficacy of age-old culturally entrenched health care practices. Future studies may just substantiate the science behind the folklore. PMID:1554896
de Carlo, Keri
This project applied ethnographic content analysis to examine 19 American films made during the period 1942-2005. The purpose of this examination is to consider how the medium of American film portrays psychiatric mental health nursing and its world within the hospital. It critiques the way film frames mental health nursing and the profession's interactions with other disciplines, such as psychiatry, that might reveal a disposition that is peculiar to this group. It concludes that Hollywood film genre continues to perpetuate the notion that mental health nursing occupies an aberrant, secret, and dangerous world and that its role remains one of custodial companionship. If Chiari, Pinel, and Tuke, the founders of moral therapy during the Age of Reason observed these films, they could be forgiven if they wondered whether psychiatric mental nursing remained trapped in the Middle Ages While some of the films reviewed may be considered vacuous nonsense, its discourses reflect how society views people with serious mental illness and those who nurse them. This critique is a challenge for the profession to educate society regarding the profession's true work, reclaiming its commitment to affirming the dignity and human rights of those with mental illness by instigating political strategies that will destabilize the subversive and dividing practices that film merely manipulates. PMID:17845553
Gustafson, D. H.; Sainfort, F. C.; Konigsveld, R.; Zimmerman, D. R.
There have been few detailed evaluations of measures of quality of care in nursing homes. This is unfortunate because it has meant that much research on factors affecting nursing home quality has used measures of questionable reliability and validity. Moreover, some measures currently in use have been developed using methodologies not based on solid conceptual grounds, offering little reason to expect them to have much internal or external validity. In this article we suggest characteristics ...
Vatankhah, Soudabe; Khalesi, Nader; Ebadifardazar, Farbod; Ferdousi, Masoud; Naji, Homayon; Farahabadi, Seyed Mohammad Ehsaan
Background: Most countries use educated nurses called nurse practitioners (NPs) besides the family physicians for diagnosis, treatment, and specifically health education of the family. The main goal of this study was to redefine the role of NPs for better use of their capabilities in the so-called family physician reform in Iran. Materials and Methods: This is a qualitative and comparative study carried out in three stages (triangulation method) in 2011. In the first stage, we conducted a literature review to design a conceptual framework. The second stage was a comparative study on four countries. In this study, we focused on the role of NPs, which in turn helped to redefine this role in the health sector reform of Iran. In the third stage, two expert panels were involved and the suggested roles were confirmed. Results: In the United States, NPs are licensed by the state in which they practice and have a national board certification. In Canada, nurses involved in clinics should participate in specific training course of diagnosis and management of health care after registration. In Austria, nurses in Nursing homes and maternity do some of the medical procedures under the supervision of the physicians. In the United Kingdom, NPs increasingly substitute for GPs in the care of minor illness and routine management of chronic diseases. Conclusions: There is still debate in nursing and medical circles about what the focus of the NP roles should be. In Iran, whereas a noticeable reform toward family physician is ongoing, redefining the nurses role is essential. They can perform more active roles in associating with GPs in the clinics of family physicians, both in urban and rural areas, even with higher degrees of autonomy. PMID:24403938
Lauslahti, K; Roine, R; Semberg, V; Kekomäki, M; Konttinen, M; Karp, P
Finland has a long tradition of supporting social programs that promote equality and the welfare state. The healthcare system is financed mainly by taxation. Everyone is insured against illness. Each of Finland's five provinces is run by a provincial government that monitors the provision of social welfare and health care. However, the municipalities actually provide the services and regulate medical equipment and regionalization of services. During the early 1990s, gross domestic product (GDP) fell dramatically, and healthcare expenditure rose to 9.4% of GDP. Due to the economy's rapid recovery, the share of healthcare expenditure has again decreased and now matches the average level of OECD countries of approximately 7.7%. The former Finnish method of central planning and norm setting has guaranteed a fairly uniform development of necessary services throughout the country and free or low-cost access. Tight central planning did not, however, create incentives to contain costs. Therefore, in the beginning of the 1990s, decision-making power was largely decentralized to the municipalities, and the principles of state subsidies were reformed. In 1995, the Finnish Office for Health Care Technology Assessment (FinOHTA) was set up as a new unit of the National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health (STAKES). FinOHTA is intended to function as a national central body for advancing HTA-related work in Finland, with the ultimate goal of promoting the effectiveness and efficiency of Finnish health care. At present, the importance of HTA is widely recognized in Finland, especially in the face of rising healthcare costs. PMID:10932414
Full Text Available This study examined the physical assessment ability of Mongolian nurses and midwives engaged in maternal care and the factors that could influence this ability. We found that nurses and midwives from prefectural hospitals had higher scores than those from national and district (soum hospitals. The latter group could not perform more than half of the 28 tested procedures on their own, even though most had over 10 years experience. Therefore, to decrease the Mongolian maternal mortality ratio, we argue that in-service training for nurses and midwives in both the capital city and peripheral areas is needed.
Burgoyne Louise; Shanks Andrew; Gaffney Robert; Walshe Nuala; Anthony, Ryan C.; Wiskin Connie M
Abstract Background A number of recent developments in medical and nursing education have highlighted the importance of communication and consultation skills (CCS). Although such skills are taught in all medical and nursing undergraduate curriculums, there is no comprehensive screening or assessment programme of CCS using professionally trained Standardized Patients Educators (SPE's) in Ireland. This study was designed to test the content, process and acceptability of a screening programme in...
AIM: This paper reports on the implementation of a competency assessment tool for registered general agency nurses working in an acute paediatric setting, using a change management framework. BACKGROUND: The increased number of registered general agency nurses working in an acute children\\'s hospital alerted concerns around their competency in working with children. These concerns were initially raised via informal complaints about \\'near misses\\
Paolo Merlani; Marco Previsdomini; Andreas Perren; Ilaria Perren
Background. Reliable ICU severity scores have been achieved by various healthcare workers but nothing is known regarding the accuracy in real life of severity scores registered by untrained nurses. Methods. In this retrospective multicentre audit, three reviewers independently reassessed 120 SAPS II scores. Correlation and agreement of the sum-scores/variables among reviewers and between nurses and the reviewers' gold standard were assessed globally and for tertiles. Bland and Altman (gold st...
Modupe O. Oyetunde
Full Text Available Objective: To explore the perception of patients and other health care professionals about the attitude and behavior of nurses working at the University College Hospital Ibadan Oyo State. Background: Observation has shown that despite the efforts nurses put into carrying out their duties, the acknowledgement of a job well done from co-professionals and patients still leaves much to be desired. Could this be due to impressions formed about nurses? Hence, this study attempts to explore the perception of patients and other health care professionals about nurses. Methods: Two hundred (200 consented respondents were randomly selected for this study. This consists of 165 patients and 35 doctors representing other health care professionals. Data were collected through a pretested questionnaire. Analysis was done by using SPSS version 16.0. Result: Results showed that 68% of patients and 58% of doctors perceived that nurses were competent. About 75% of patients and 54% of doctors agreed that the nurses had adequate skills. Patients (70% and doctors (49% agreed that the nurses had a positive attitude towards work. About 74% of patients and 59% of doctors agreed to the fact that the nurses maintained a professional demeanor. Findings also showed that patients rated the nurses higher than the doctors did. A significant difference was found between the perception of patients and doctors about the communication skills of nurses (t = 2.423; df = 198; p = 0.016. Conclusion: The study shows relative satisfaction with the quality of nurses work, perceptions of people about their attitudes and behaviors. Nurses could improve on how they relate with other health care providers to achieve positive patient care outcomes.
Environmental and occupational health effects associated with exposures to various chemicals are a subject of increasing concern. One recently developed methodology for assessing the health impacts of various chemical compounds involves the classification of similar chemicals into risk-assessment categories (RACs). This report reviews documented human health effects for a broad range of pollutants, classified by RACs. It complements other studies that have estimated human health effects by RAC based on analysis and extrapolation of data from animal research
Kramer, C.F.; Rybicka, K.; Knutson, A.; Morris, S.C.
Environmental and occupational health effects associated with exposures to various chemicals are a subject of increasing concern. One recently developed methodology for assessing the health impacts of various chemical compounds involves the classification of similar chemicals into risk-assessment categories (RACs). This report reviews documented human health effects for a broad range of pollutants, classified by RACs. It complements other studies that have estimated human health effects by RAC based on analysis and extrapolation of data from animal research.
Full Text Available Introduction: It is necessary to understand that psychological reactions after a natural disaster are as complex as disaster itself. Following a catastrophic earthquake like Bams, such reactions can be seen in nursing team members as well. Materials and Methods: This study is a descriptive cross sectional analytic research, conducted with cooperation of Japanese Nursing Association to identify somatic and psychological problems of nursing team members of Bam. A total of 92 members of nursing team affiliated to healthcare centers of Bam were studied. Data collection tools were 2 questionnaires; first for evaluating demographic characteristics and general health and second- questionnaire of Goldberg and Williams- for evaluation of four domains of psychosomatic problems, anxiety and insomnia, psychosocial functioning and severe depression. Each domain contained seven questions, each scored from 0 to 3 based on Likert score. Complete score of general health was 0-84. Scores were classified in four groups: 0-20 as optimal, 21-4 as approximately optimal, 41-6 as approximately suboptimal and 61 and higher as suboptimal. Results: One year after the earthquake, evaluation of general health of nursing team members showed 30.3% of subjects had optimal psychosomatic status, 34.8% had moderate problems of anxiety and insomnia, 40.2% had approximately optimal psychosocial functioning and 44.2% of subjects were not severely depressed. Overall, 38.4% of nursing team members had approximately optimal general health. Conclusion: This study showed that following a catastrophic earthquake, most of the victims suffer from several psychological and somatic reactions. In addition to on time rescue procedures, other important allaying factors are cultural and religious values and believing in God.
Full Text Available Abstract Background The study of the factors that encourage evidence-based clinical practice, such as structure, environment and professional skills, has contributed to an improvement in quality of care. Nevertheless, most of this research has been carried out in a hospital context, neglecting the area of primary health care. The main aim of this work was to assess the factors that influence an evidence-based clinical practice among nursing professionals in Primary Health Care. Methods A multicentre cross-sectional study was designed, taking the 619 Primary Care staff nurses at the Balearic Islands Primary Health Care Service, as the study population. The methodology applied consisted on a self-administered survey using the instruments Evidence-Based Practice Questionnaire (EBPQ and Nursing Work Index (NWI. Results Three hundred and seventy seven surveys were received (60.9% response rate. Self-assessment of skills and knowledge, obtained 66.6% of the maximum score. The Knowledge/Skills factor obtained the best scores among the staff with shorter professional experience. There was a significant difference in the Attitude factor (p?=?0.008 in favour of nurses with management functions, as opposed to clinical nurses. Multivariate analysis showed a significant positive relationship between NWI and level of evidence-based practice (p? Conclusions Institutions ought to undertake serious reflection on the lack of skills of senior nurses about Evidence-Based Clinical Practice, even when they have more professional experience. Leadership emerge as a key role in the transferral of knowledge into clinical practice.
Chan Bibiana C
Full Text Available Abstract Background This paper examines the opportunity and need for lifestyle interventions for patients attending generalist community nursing services in Australia. This will help determine the scope for risk factor management within community health care by generalist community nurses (GCNs. Methods This was a quasi-experimental study conducted in four generalist community nursing services in NSW, Australia. Prior to service contacts, clients were offered a computer-assisted telephone interview to collect baseline data on socio-demographics, health conditions, smoking status, physical activity levels, alcohol consumption, height and weight, fruit and vegetable intake and 'readiness-to-change' for lifestyle risk factors. Results 804 clients participated (a response rate of 34.1%. Participants had higher rates of obesity (40.5% vs 32.1% and higher prevalence of multiple risk factors (40.4% vs 29.5% than in the general population. Few with a SNAPW (Smoking-Nutrition-Alcohol-Physical-Activity-Weight risk factor had received advice or referral in the previous 3 months. The proportion of clients identified as at risk and who were open to change (i.e. contemplative, in preparation or in action phase were 65.0% for obese/overweight; 73.8% for smokers; 48.2% for individuals with high alcohol intake; 83.5% for the physically inactive and 59.0% for those with poor nutrition. Conclusions There was high prevalence of lifestyle risk factors. Although most were ready to change, few clients recalled having received any recent lifestyle advice. This suggests that there is considerable scope for intervention by GCNs. The results of this trial will shed light on how best to implement the lifestyle risk factor management in routine practice.
The work of mental health nurse is interactive in nature, the priority of which is the effective development and maintenance of a therapeutic relationship with clients. This field of nursing bases its practice on theories from many schools of thought in order to provide clients with the highest quality of care. One such theory is that of Carl Rogers whose practice as a psychotherapist was based on his Theory of Self-Concept. This paper examines the development of the Theory of Self-Concept from the works of Cooley, Mead, Allport and Rogers and relates to the therapeutic alliance between a primary nurse and a client who has been medically diagnosed as being 'depressed'. The implications for practice are considered and some of the difficulties of utilizing Rogers' theory on an in-patient unit are explored. The paper emphasizes the need for nurses to be aware of the use of such theories in order to enrich the care that clients receive. It also highlights the need for nurses to be aware of their own 'self' when working with clients, a state that can only be achieved if the nurses themselves have adequate clinical supervision and an environment which is supportive of such work. PMID:8320395
Borup, Ina K; Holstein, BjØrn Evald
The objective of this study was to compare overweight and normal weight pupils' perceived outcome of the health dialogue with the school nurse. A random sample of schools in Denmark, where pupils age 11.6, 13.6 and 15.6 years old, answered a questionnaire (response rate 88%, n = 5205). The independent variable weight group was measured by self-reported height and weight and calculated as body mass index. Perceived outcome of the dialogue was measured as: (i) reflected on the dialogue; (ii) discussed the content with parents; (iii) followed the advice of the nurse; and (iv) visited the nurse again. Overweight boys reflected (odds ratio (OR) = 1.73), discussed the dialogue with at least one parent (OR = 1.38), followed the nurse's advice (OR = 1.42) and visited the nurse again (OR = 2.68). There was a significant statistical link between age group and perceived outcome among the boys, but not girls. The 11-year-old overweight boys perceived more positive effects from the dialogue with the school nurse.
Gass, J P
Three hundred and forty-five questionnaires containing the knowledge and attitude scale for ECT devised by Janicak et al. (1985) were distributed to mental health nurses working in Wales, the data were collected from the 167 returned. Limitations in the reliability of the instrument with respect to the degree of internal consistency were found, this suggested that the knowledge statements used were inconsistent in providing a reliable measure of respondents knowledge of ECT. Findings suggested that a higher level of knowledge appeared to be associated with the length of experience of the nurse and their area of clinical practice. In addition, there were substantial variations in actual knowledge, particularly with regard to cognitive side-effects with ECT. Attitudes to ECT in this study were significantly related to the place in which the nurse was practising and the degree of contact the nurse had with patients receiving the treatment. Greater knowledge scores were obtained by those nurses who indicated a more positive response towards ECT. The conclusions suggest that knowledge of ECT required improvement in many cases, and this has implications for nurse education. A relationship between knowledge and attitudes appears to exist in this study, however, such a relationship would need to be tested further in future research. PMID:9515612
Burgermeister, Diane; Kwasky, Andrea; Groh, Carla
Mental health disorders represent a significant burden across all nations with the vast majority of people being undiagnosed and/or undertreated. There is an urgent need to address these mental health disparities and to implement strategies that will improve appropriate diagnosis and treatment at both the local and international level. Two solutions will be discussed in this paper. First, an integrated care model which has the potential to decrease fragmentation of care and barriers to appropriate treatment. Second, the training and education of nurses in basic mental health competencies. This paper argues that nurses are well positioned to help meet the growing need for mental health care in a variety of health care settings. This paper will describe an educational workshop that was part of a plan to incorporate mental health concepts across a Doctor of Nursing Practice curriculum. It is believed that the underlying concepts of this educational model are transferrable to other countries and can serve as a template for improving the ability to identify, treat, and manage mental health care. PMID:22104956
Full Text Available Objective: Health professionals are paying increased attention to issues of global health. However, there are no current competency assessment tools appropriate for evaluating their competency in global health. This study aims to assess the validity and reliability of a global health competency survey for different health disciplines. Methods: A total of 429 students participated in the Global Health Competency Survey, drawn from family medicine residency, nursing, physiotherapy and occupational therapy programs of five universities in Ontario, Canada. The surveys were evaluated for face and content validity and reliability. Results: Factor analysis was used to identify the main factors to be included in the reliability analysis. Content validity was supported with one floor effect in the racial/ethnic disparities variable (36.1%, and few ceiling effects. Seven of the twenty-two variables performed the best (between 34% and 59.6%. For the overall rating score, no participants had floor or ceiling effects. Five factors were identified which accounted for 95% of the variance. Cronbachs alpha was >0.8 indicating that the survey items had good internal consistency and represent a homogeneous construct. Conclusion: The Global Health Competency Survey demonstrated good internal consistency and validity.
Wray, Natalie; McCall, Louise
The research reported in this article explored the impact of the undergraduate placement experience on medical, nursing, and allied health students' perceptions of careers in aged care. Data were collected from undergraduate students (48) and graduates (26) via individual (46) and group (7) interviews; data were thematically analyzed.
Molony, Sheila L.; Evans, Lois K.; Jeon, Sangchoon; Rabig, Judith; Straka, Leslie A.
Background: Long-term care providers across the United States are building innovative environments called "Green House" or small-house nursing homes that weave humanistic person-centered philosophies into clinical care, organizational policies, and built environments. Purpose: To compare and contrast trajectories of at-homeness and health over
In healthcare institutions, work must continue 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. A team of nurses is needed to provide around-the-clock patient care, and this process requires transfer of patient care responsibilities, a process known as a "handoff." The present study explored the role of electronic health records in structuring handoff
Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares; Nátali C.A.C. Oliveira; Fernanda N.P. Doca; Francisco E. Martinez; Ana Paula P. Carlotti; Gordon Allen Finley
The present study characterized the opinions of health professionals about strategies for assessing and managing pediatric pain in a public teaching hospital. The sample consisted of 92 health professionals who worked in pediatric wards, pediatric intensive care, and neonatal intensive care. The sample included 45 doctors, 18 nurses, 16 psychologists, eight physiotherapists, and five occupational therapists. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire that included 22 open q...
Nicotera, Anne Maydan; Mahon, Margaret M; Wright, Kevin B
Quality communication is essential for building strong nursing teams. Structurational divergence (SD) theory explains how institutional factors can result in poor communication and conflict cycles; the theory has been developed in nursing context, although it is applicable to all organizational settings. We describe the design, implementation, and evaluation of an intervention to reduce SD and improve nurses' work life and team-member relationships. An intensive 9-hour course provided training in conflict/SD analysis and dialogic conflict/SD management to 36 working nurses from a variety of settings. Quantitative pre- and posttests were administered, with a comparison sample. The course reduced measures of negative conflict attitudes and behaviors: direct personalization, persecution feelings, negative relational effects, ambiguity intolerance, and triangulation (gossiping and complaining to uninvolved third parties). The course also increased important attitudes necessary for productive dialogue and conflict management: perceptions of positive relational effects, conflict liking, and positive beliefs about arguing. As compared with nonparticipants, participant posttests showed lower conflict persecution; higher recognition of positive relational effects; lower perceptions of negative relational effects; higher conflict liking; lower ambiguity intolerance; and lower tendency to triangulate. Qualitatively, participants perceived better understanding of, and felt more empowered to manage, workplace conflicts and to sustain healthier workplace relationships. This intervention can help nurses develop tools to improve system-level function and build productive team relationships. PMID:24896578
Quality health care is an issue of concern worldwide, and nursing can and must play a major and global role in transforming the healthcare environment. Doctorally prepared nurses are very much needed in the discipline to further develop and expand the science, as well as to prepare its future educators, scholars, leaders, and policy makers. In 1968, the Master of Science in Nursing Program was initiated in Turkey, followed by the Nursing Doctoral Education Program in 1972. Six University Schools of Nursing provide nursing doctoral education. By the graduating year of 2001, 154 students had graduated with the Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing (Ph.D.), and 206 students were enrolled in related courses. Many countries in the world are systematically building various collaborative models in their nursing doctoral education programs. Turkey would like to play an active role in creating collaborative nursing doctoral education programs with other countries. This paper centres on the structure and model of doctoral education for nurses in Turkey. It touches on doctoral programs around the world; describes in detail nursing doctoral education in Turkey, including its program structure, admission process, course units, assessment strategies and dissertation procedure; and discusses efforts to promote Turkey as a potential partner in international initiatives to improve nursing doctoral education. PMID:15465171
Chagas, Maristela Inês Osawa; Ximenes, Lorena Barbosa; Jorge, Maria Salete Bessa
Article produced from the a doctoral thesis: "The Education in Health in the scenarios of teach-learning: representations of professors and students from the Nursing School of the University Vale of the Acaraú", whose objective was to apprehend the direction of the representations elaborated for professors and students of the Graduation Nursing Course, about Education in Health. The results presented here come from the Free Test of Words Association. It was possible to infer that the novice students' representations are in the nucleus of what is established as common sense, considering the reductionism concept in health, proper form of the biomedical model. The veterans students evidence a positive concept of health, what points toward a conceptual change, influenced by the theoretician-practical experiences during the graduation. PMID:18472536
Henderson, Julie; Koehne, Kristy; Verrall, Claire; Gebbie, Kristine; Fuller, Jeffrey
Australia, in common with many other countries, is expanding the role of Primary Health Care (PHC) to manage the growing burden of chronic disease and prevent hospitalisation. Australia's First National Primary Health Care Strategy released in 2010 places general practice at the centre of care delivery, reflecting a constitutional division of labour in which the Commonwealth government's primary means of affecting care delivery in this sector is through rebates for services delivered from the universal healthcare system Medicare. A review of Australian nursing literature was undertaken for 2006-2011. This review explores three issues in relation to these changes: How PHC is conceptualised within Australian nursing literature; who is viewed as providing PHC; and barriers and enablers to the provision of comprehensive PHC. A review of the literature suggests that the terms 'PHC' and 'primary care' are used interchangeably and that PHC is now commonly associated with services provided by practice nurses. Four structural factors are identified for a shift away from comprehensive PHC, namely fiscal barriers, educational preparation for primary care practice, poor role definition and interprofessional relationships. The paper concludes that while moves towards increasing capacity in general practice have enhanced nursing roles, current policy and the nature of private business funding alongside some medical opposition limit opportunities for Australian nurses working in general practice. PMID:23952616
Wertenberger, Sydney; Chapman, Kathleen M; Wright-Brown, Salena
The Department of Veterans Health Administration Office of Nursing Service has embarked on a multiyear transformational process, an example of which is the development of an organization-wide nursing handbook. The development of this handbook offered the opportunity to improve collaboration, redefine expectations and behavior, as well as prepare for the future of Nursing within the Veterans Health Administration. The lessons learned from this process have revolved around the themes of leadership skills for managing high-level change often in a virtual environment; constant collaboration; that the practice of nursing will continue to evolve on the basis of new evidence, technology, customer expectations, and resources; and that the process to accomplish this goal is powerful. PMID:21654487
Peltier, J W; Boyt, T; Westfall, J
The prosperity of a health care organization is contingent on its ability to compete for and retain a high quality staff of "loyal" nurses. Although the benefits of maintaining a loyal nursing staff are obvious, turnover in the health care industry is dangerously high. One solution for reducing turnover is to develop and sustain a loyal nursing staff. The purpose of this article is to apply customer-oriented marketing theories and practices to better understand how strong nurse-provider relationships can be developed and maintained over time. The authors first examine relationship marketing literature as it applies to nurse relationship and management issues. Second, a framework for conceptualizing internal marketing efforts devoted to enhancing nursing staff satisfaction and retention in tested. Finally, strategies for practicing relationship marketing will be provided. PMID:10848197
Staggers, Nancy; Rodney, Melanie
Usability issues with products such as Electronic Health Records (EHRs) are of global interest to nursing informaticists. Although improvements in patient safety, clinical productivity and effectiveness are possible when usability principles and practices are in place, most organizations do not embrace usability. This paper presents a new Health Usability Maturity Model consisting of 5 phases: unrecognized, preliminary, implemented, integrated and strategic. Within each level various aspects ...
Gruji?i? Ivana; Ivanovi? Dragan; Davidovi? Bojana; Jankovi? Svjetlana
Introduction. Oral health is an important part of general health. Knowledge, beliefs and attitudes that students acquire during dental school can influence their behavior towards not just their own health, but also towards health in their immediate environment. The aim of the study was to assess the level of oral health among dental students of the second and fifth year at the University of East Sarajevo. Material and Methods. Sixty-six students from the Dental Department of the Faculty...
Asieh Darvish; Fatemeh Bahramnezhad; Sara Keyhanian; Mojdeh navidhamidi
In todays dynamic health systems, technology plays an important role in education and nursing work. So it seems necessary to study the role of nurses and highlight the need for appropriate information technology educational programs to integrate with the ever-increasing pace of technology. A review accompanied by an extensive literature search in databases and a library search focused on the keywords were used. The criteria used for selecting studies primarily focused on nursing informatic...
Mangle, Lisa; Phillips, Paula; Pitts, Mark; Laver-bradbury, Cathy
Legislative changes that came into effect in the UK in April 2012 gave nurse independent prescribers (NIPs) the power to prescribe schedule 25 controlled drugs. Therefore, suitably qualified UK nurses can now independently prescribe any drug for any medical condition within their clinical competence. The potential benefits of independent nurse prescribing include improved access to medications and more efficient use of skills within the National Health Service workforce. This review explor...
Goodman Claire; Drennan Vari M
Abstract Background Recruiting, retaining and meeting increasing demand for experienced, qualified nurses is an issue of concern for all health care systems. The UK has been creating clinical career structures for nurses that include innovative posts known as nurse consultants. While the numbers overall appear to have grown over the last eleven years, there is evidence that in some specialities and regions the numbers are decreasing. This paper considers the factors that sustain or curtail wo...
Full Text Available Background: Emotion and how people manage it is an important part of personality that would immensely affect their health. Investigations showed that emotional intelligence is significantly related to and can predict psychological health.Objective: To determine the effect of teaching emotional intelligence to intensive care unit nurses on their general health.Methods: This randomized clinical trial (registered as IRCT201208022812N9 was conducted on 52 of 200 in intensive care unit nurses affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. They were recruited through purposeful convenience sampling and then randomly categorized into two groups. The intervention group members were trained in emotional intelligence. Bar-on emotional intelligence and Goldberg's general health questionnaires were administered to each participant before, immediately after, and one month after the intervention.Results: While the mean score of general health for the intervention group decreased from 25.4 before the intervention, to 18.1 immediately after the intervention and to 14.6 one month later, for the control group, it increased from 22.0, to 24.2 and to 26.5, respectively (pConclusion: Teaching emotional intelligence improved the general health of intensive care unit nurses.
Perren, Andreas; Previsdomini, Marco; Perren, Ilaria; Merlani, Paolo
Background. Reliable ICU severity scores have been achieved by various healthcare workers but nothing is known regarding the accuracy in real life of severity scores registered by untrained nurses. Methods. In this retrospective multicentre audit, three reviewers independently reassessed 120 SAPS II scores. Correlation and agreement of the sum-scores/variables among reviewers and between nurses and the reviewers' gold standard were assessed globally and for tertiles. Bland and Altman (gold standard-nurses) of sum scores and regression of the difference were determined. A logistic regression model identifying risk factors for erroneous assessments was calculated. Results. Correlation for sum scores among reviewers was almost perfect (mean ICC = 0.985). The mean (±SD) nurse-registered SAPS II sum score was 40.3 ± 20.2 versus 44.2 ± 24.9 of the gold standard (P 32 points) scores. The lowest agreement was found in high SAPS II tertiles for haemodynamics (k = 0.45-0.51). Conclusions. In real life, nurse-registered SAPS II scores of very ill patients are inaccurate. Accuracy of scores was not associated with nurses' characteristics. PMID:22548157
Runton, N G; Toth, J C
A 9-member educational task force and a 4-member panel of experts was used to establish the validity of the PEDS-BKAT, which was modified from version 4 of the adult BKAT for critical care nursing. A sample of 105 pediatric ICU nurses from 6 settings took the PEDS-BKAT. Test results include a mean score of 78.9 points and a reliability of 0.86 (coefficient alpha). The PEDS-BKAT can be used to assess knowledge before and after orientation, to determine learning needs for veteran staff nurses, for advanced placement of new employees with previous experience in a pediatric ICU, and in nursing research. Copies of the PEDS-BKAT are available upon request. PMID:9677940
Annesi-Maesano, Isabella; Norback, Dan
Indoor air pollution (IAP) that constitutes a major global public health problem requiring increasing efforts in research and policymaking and it may have special significance for elderly that are likely to spend most of their day indoors and appear to be particularly susceptible to adverse effects of chemical pollutants and bio-contaminants. Yet, evidence existing on the effects of IAP in elderly is scanty. The Geriatric study in Europe on health effects of air quality in nursing homes (GERIE) study aims to assess health effects of major indoor air pollutants and thermal conditions in elderly (> 70 years) living stably in nursing homes (NH) across Europe. Respiratory effects were particularly considered as airways and lung constitute the first target of air pollutants.Objectives: We describe here the rationale and the methods of the GERIE Study.
V., Aedo Carreño; T., Parada Santander; C., Alcayaga Rojas; M., Rubio Acuña.
Full Text Available El registro de la valoración de una herida es la documentación escrita y fotográfica de su evolución y conlleva un proceso de observación, recolección de datos y evaluación. Con el avance de la informática, se han implementado diversos sistemas de registro electrónico en el área del cuidado de las h [...] eridas. La presente revisión de literatura tiene por objetivo describir la utilidad de los registros electrónicos como herramienta de apoyo en el área de la valoración de las heridas. Se realizó una exhaustiva revisión de literatura, de las bases de datos COCHRANE LIBRARY MEDLINE, PUBMED, PROQUEST NURSING & ALLIED HEALTH SOURCE. Se incluyeron artículos publicados desde el año 1998 hasta el 2010. Dentro de los principales resultados se desprende que el contar con una óptima documentación de valoración de las heridas es fundamental debido a razones clínicas, legales, de investigación, de docencia, de administración de recursos materiales y humanos y de comunicación con los diferentes miembros del equipo de salud. Existen variados beneficios en la utilización del uso del sistema de registro electrónico (SRE), sin embargo, no existe consenso si el SRE o el sistema de registro manual es la mejor manera de registrar las actividades de enfermería. Se recomienda la creación de un formato electrónico amigable, contando con la participación de profesionales relacionados al área de la informática, junto a profesionales de enfermería, para definir en forma exacta lo que debe registrarse en la valoración de las heridas. Abstract in english The wound assessment record, is the written and photographic documentation of their development and involves a process of observation, data collection and evaluation. With the advance of computer technology, have implemented various electronic record systems in the area of wound care. This literatur [...] e review aims to describe the usefulness of electronic records as a support tool in the assessment area of the wounds. We conducted a thorough review of literature, the COCHRANE LIBRARY databases MEDLINE, PUBMED, Proquest NURSING & ALLIED HEALTH SOURCE. Articles published from 1998 to 2010. Among the main results suggest that having an excellent documentation of assessment of injury, is essential due to medical reasons, legal, research, teaching, administration and human resources and communication with different members of health team. There are many benefits in using the use of electronic registration system (ERS), but there is no consensus whether the ERS or the manual registration system is the best way to record the activities of nursing. We recommend creating a user-friendly electronic format, with the participation of professionals working in the area of information technology, along with nursing professionals to define exactly what should be recorded in the assessment of injuries.
Kemp, Karen; Sephton, Mark
Oral mesalazine represents a crucial front-line agent for the treatment of active ulcerative colitis (UC) and the maintenance of remission. Clinical aspects of mesalazine therapy are guided by robust evidence-based guidelines, although there is a relative paucity of guidance examining the specific administrative and professional issues faced by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) nurses. As IBD nurses frequently influence treatment decisions in UC, this article was written to provide a practical review of the key evidence and issues affecting mesalazine treatment. Therefore, it may act as an additional resource for IBD nurses, to enhance prescribing decisions. Using the UK's Quality, Innovation, Productivity and Prevention (QIPP) agenda as a framework, it considers clinical and health service priorities affecting treatment decisions. The quality of care perspective naturally focuses on efficacy; recent interest in specific aspects of efficacy, such as the speed of symptom resolution allows targeting of mesalazine treatment to individual needs. Furthermore, innovative adherence programmes build on the latest evidence to develop robust, integrated patient support approaches. In terms of productivity, nurse-led activities and more sophisticated management strategies may offer the best routes towards reducing the costs of care. Key opportunities for preventing ill health include improving adherence to maintenance therapy and achieving mucosal healing. The principles and approaches highlighted by the QIPP agenda emphasise that prescribing decisions for mesalazine in UC must take account of the full spectrum of clinical and health service needs, and cannot focus on any one element in isolation. PMID:24683448
Emancipatory practices of nurses in primary health care: the home visit as an instrument of health needs assessment / Práticas emancipatórias de enfermeiros na Atenção Básica à Saúde: a visita domiciliar como instrumento de reconhecimento de necessidades de saúde / Prácticas emancipadoras del enfermero en la atención primaria de salud: la visita domiciliaria como instrumento de reconocimiento de necesidades de la salud
Celia Maria Sivalli, Campos; Bárbara Ribeiro Buffette, Silva; Deisi Cristine, Forlin; Carla Andréa, Trapé; Iara de Oliveira, Lopes.
Full Text Available Objetivo Identificar as práticas emancipatórias de enfermeiros da Atenção Primária, com a finalidade de contribuir para o aprimoramento do cuidado em saúde. Método [...] Pesquisa social de natureza qualitativa, do tipo estudo de caso. Foram entrevistados os enfermeiros de uma Unidade de Saúde da Família em São Paulo. Resultados Identificou-se que a visita domiciliária, prática protocolar, ampliou seu escopo e identificou determinantes do processo saúde-doença, desencadeando na Unidade de Saúde da Família práticas emancipatórias. Essa ampliação ocorreu porque o projeto de cuidado intencionalizado ampliou o objeto tradicional dos serviços de saúde. Conclusão Advoga-se que as diretrizes das políticas sociais ancorem projetos que tomem como finalidade o aprimoramento das necessidades de saúde e que o cotidiano do trabalho proporcione reflexão e discussão dos projetos de cuidado, para intencionalizar práticas que incidam nos determinantes do processo saúde-doença, tanto quanto nos resultados - a doença expressa no corpo individual. Abstract in spanish Objetivo Identificar las prácticas emancipadoras de enfermeras en Unidad de Salud Familiar fueron el objeto de este estudio. Método La investigación social cuali [...] tativa tipo estúdio de caso. Fueron entrevistados enfermeros de una Unidad de Salud Familiar en Sao Paulo. Resultados Se identificó que la Visita Domiciliaria ha ampliado su alcance y identificado determinantes del proceso salud-enfermedad, lo que provocó en la Unidad de Salud Familiar prácticas emancipadoras. Esta expansión se produjo debido a que el diseño de la atención en propósito por la USF amplió el tradicional objeto de los servicios de salud. Conclusión Se aboga que las directrices de las políticas sociales basen proyectos que tengan como fin el mejoramiento de las necesidades de salud y que el trabajo diario proporcione la reflexión y discusión de los proyectos de atención, para proponer prácticas que enfoquen en los determinantes del proceso salud-enfermedad, tanto cuanto en sus resultados - la enfermedad en el cuerpo individual. Abstract in english Objective Identify nurses emancipatory practices in primary care, to contribute to the improvement of health care. Method A case study type social research of q [...] ualitative nature, in which nurses of a primary health care service unit in São Paulo were interviewed. Results The home visit was identified as a nursing practice possible to be expanded in order to identify social determinants of health, triggering emancipatory practices in the service. This expansion occurred because the design of health care labour intended by the service team changed its focus from the traditional object of health services, the disease. Conclusion First, it is advocated that social policies lead projects with the purpose of improving health needs. On the other hand, the daily labour needs to provide opportunities for reflection and discussion of healthcare projects, leading workers to propose labour-processes targeted to both the social determinants of health and peoples illness.
From the EPA's National Center for Environmental Assessment, a recent publication release is available online entitled Health Assessment Document for Diesel Engine Exhaust. The over six hundred-page document contains information on the physical and chemical composition of diesel exhaust, its atmospheric transformation, and an extensive look at its health effects.
Ryan, Kelly M.
Health promotion of school faculty and staff is an important part of a coordinated school health program. The lack of evaluation of health promotion programs and inconsistent results highlighting the efficacy and benefits of programs adds to employers' perceptions of inconsistent benefits. More studies evaluating effectiveness and development of
Ellinor Fredriksson; Brekke, Hilde K.; Lars Ellegård
Background: The Swedish board for health and social welfare (SoS) has presented four questions on dietary habits as indicators of adherence to dietary recommendations. However, these questions have not been evaluated. Objective: To evaluate if four questions on dietary habits correlate with dietary intake assessed by food records. Design: A total of 279 medical and nursing students, 170 women and 109 men, completed four questions on usual consumption frequency of vegetables, fruits, fish, and...
Terry, Nicolas P
Mobile health (mHealth) combines the decentralization of health care with patient centeredness. Mature mHealth applications (apps) and services could provide actionable information, coaching, or alerts at a fraction of the cost of conventional health care. Different categories of apps attract diverse safety and privacy regulation. It is too early to tell whether these apps can overcome questions about their use cases, business models, and regulation. PMID:25940254
Sands, Natisha Marina
This paper presents a history of mental health nursing in Victoria, Australia from 1848 to the 1950's, or the asylum years to the era of the mental hospital. The research for this historical overview was conducted as part of a literature review for a mental health nursing doctoral thesis, which included an account of the evolution of the profession from asylum attendant to the present time. The literature reviewed for this project revealed a distinct lack of a coherent, chronological account of the historical development of mental health nursing in Victoria, and this paper seeks to address that knowledge gap. PMID:19499436
Gina MA Higginbottom
Full Text Available Objectives: The multicultural nature of Canadian society and the decline in health of immigrants after relocation toCanada prioritizes a commitment to ensure equity in health care access and outcomes. An important feature shaping healthcare access and outcomes is the reception of culturally safe and competent care. Partnering with senior management at atertiary care hospital, this pilot study aimed to investigate whether an identified cultural assessment tool, the FamilyCultural Heritage Assessment Tool (FamCHAT, validated for use in a rural primary care setting, was suitable for use intertiary care. The objectives were to investigate: 1 whether using the FamCHAT enabled the nurses to elicit assessmentinformation from their patients who represent diverse ethnocultural groups, and 2 the nurses perspectives on the practicaluse of this form in their clinical practice.Methods: Nurses purposively selected from the Womens, Surgery and Medicine units were asked to complete theFamCHAT form with all patients admitted during a three-month period in 2009. Focus group interviews were then held tolearn the nurses perspectives related to the forms constructs and its use in their practice. The data from the completedFamCHAT forms were tabulated and analyzed using descriptive statistics to determine the extent of completion andaccuracy, and the sample characteristics. The interview data was analyzed using qualitative analytical software (ATLAS.tiScientific Software Development, GmbH, Germany and Roper and Shapiras framework for analysis of ethnographicdata.Results: The nurses filled out forty-four FamCHAT forms with patients having a diverse ethnocultural profile. In manyforms, several questions were either left blank or answered incorrectly with regard to the guidance notes containingcategorical answers for the variables of family size and language. Nine nurses participated in two focus groups (n = 4 andn = 5 and one in an individual interview. Five themes emerged from the qualitative data analysis: feasibility of using theFamCHAT in acute care practice; ethnocultural awareness needs of the participating nurses; perspectives of nurses aboutpatient concerns; potential for enhancement to nursing care assessments; and suggestions for enhancing and facilitating anew tool or approach. Nurses participating in the interviews thought that the constructs within FamCHAT could be useful for enhancing nursing assessments in their practice, but thought the tool was too long, was repetitive to some of theircurrent assessment data, and had questions many patients were uncomfortable answering. One option suggested in bothfocus groups was to embed the most useful constructs into existing assessment frameworks. Some of the variables werethought to be of limited relevancy for some nursing specialties.Conclusions: The findings provided valuable information for the hospital management in their efforts to revise nursingassessment tools. Consideration is being given to integrating some of the constructs into their existing nursing assessment,with recognition that each unit might benefit from different approaches. Other, systematic, approaches to enhancingcultural competency also need to be considered. This study highlights the importance of validating practice tools for use insettings that differ from those used for their original development.
Tse, Mimi M Y; Wan, Vanessa T C; Vong, Sinfia K S
The purpose of this exploratory cross-sectional study was to explore the health-related profile and quality of life among older persons living with and without pain in nursing homes. Ten nursing homes were approached, and 535 older persons were invited to join the study from 2009 to 2011. The nursing home residents' demographic information and information regarding their pain situation and the use of oral analgesic drug and nondrug therapy among the older residents with chronic pain were also collected. Residents' physical health (using the Barthel Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and Elderly Mobility Scores); psychologic health, including happiness, life satisfaction, depression, and loneliness (using the Happiness Scale, the Life Satisfaction Scale, the Geriatric Depression Scale, and the UCLA Loneliness Scale); and quality of life were investigated. Among the 535 nursing home residents, 396 (74%) of them suffered from pain, with mean pain scores of 4.09 ± 2.19, indicating medium pain intensity a remaining 139 (26%) reported no pain. The location of pain was mainly in the knees, back and shoulders. Our results demonstrated that, with the exception of the no-pain group (p health, including happiness, life satisfaction, and depression, and their physical quality of life. Nevertheless, only one-half of the older persons with pain used oral analgesic drug or nondrug therapy to relieve their pain. Pain had a significant impact on their mobility and ADL, was positively correlated with happiness and life satisfaction, and was negatively correlated with loneliness and depression. Pain management is a high priority in elderly care; as such, innovative and interdisciplinary strategies are necessary to enhance quality of life particularly for older persons living in nursing homes. PMID:24315270
McAllister, Margaret; Happell, Brenda; Bradshaw, Julie
The strength of mental health nursing and its potential contribution to improved consumer outcomes depends upon strong and clearly articulated leadership. However, studies of leadership have tended to focus on nurses holding senior positions rather than exploring the leadership embedded in clinical work. A qualitative exploratory study was undertaken with identified mental health nurse leaders in one Australian state, in order to explore their experiences and what they found to be most meaningful in their work. This article reports the findings from this study. The data was analysed thematically to yield insights significant to mental health nursing and identity. The findings suggest these leaders find intrinsic rewards in the role; aspire to making authentic connections with consumers; appreciate the position of trust that they hold in bearing witness to individuals' distress; and use creative means to solve problems and achieve therapeutic outcomes. Sharing these themes builds knowledge on values that are embedded in mental health nursing practice and offers scope for integrating leadership attributes into the education, supervision and development of all mental health nurses. These findings also reveal the complexity of mental health nursing as a profession and the difficulties that might be encountered in attempts to define it in terms of its component tasks and functions. PMID:24004359
Contemporary nursing is based on a conglomerate of theoretical nursing models. These models each incorporate four central concepts: person, health, environment, and nursing. By defining these concepts, nurses develop an individual framework from which they base their nursing practice. As an aspiring nurse practitioner in the gastroenterology field, I have retrospectively assessed my personal definitions of person, health, environment, and nursing. From these definitions, I am able to incorporate specific theoretical frameworks into my personal belief system, thus formulating a basis for my nursing practice. This foundation is comprised of the influence of nursing theorists Jean Watson, Sister Callista Roy, Kolcaba, Florence Nightingale, and Ida J. Orlando; the Perioperative Patient-Focused Model; Watson's Theory of Human Caring; theories regarding transpersonal human caring and healing; and feminist theories. Therefore, this article describes self-examination of nursing care by defining central nursing concepts, acknowledging the influence of nursing theorists and theories, and developing a personal framework from which I base my nursing practice. PMID:15502517
Hung, Tsui-Mei; Tang, Lee-Chun; Ko, Chen-Ju
Critical thinking has been regarded as one of the most important elements for nurses to improve quality of patient care. The aim of this study was to use problem-based learning (PBL) as a method in a continuing education program to evaluate nurses' critical thinking skills. A quasiexperimental study design was carried out. The "Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory" in Chinese was used for data collection. The results indicated significant improvement after PBL continuous education, notably in the dimensions of systematic analysis and curiosity. Content analysis extracted four themes: (a) changes in linear thinking required, (b) logical and systematic thinking required performance improved, (3) integration of prior knowledge and clinical application, and (4) brainstorming learning strategy. The study supports PBL as a continuing education strategy for mental health nurses, and that systematic analysis and curiosity effectively facilitate the development of critical thinking. PMID:25993456
Isis Marques Severo
Full Text Available This study is exploratory, of qualitative nature and has the objective to identify the bibliographical production of nursing related to the aging, to the education in health and the methodological strategies, in Brazilian publications, from 2000 to 2006. Online database BDENF was used to search the articles and the keywords were: health education, aged, aging, behavior and nursing. Eight articles had been identified and five were chosen which are in the following publications: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem (two, Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem (two and Cogitare Enfermagem (one. The discussion of the selected articles was based on the technique of content analysis. The results had demonstrated that the subjects education in health and aged people have little space in researches by Brazilian nursing, in this period and at the database consulted, and group activity was distinguished as predominant methodological strategy of education in health. In such activity, the promotional actions of the autonomy of aged individuals had been valued. It is recommendable that the subject of the study could take part in new inquiries because population aging is a reality tending to expansion. The increment of studies in this area is needed; therefore the education in health is relevant for the process of human aging with quality.
Liu, Fengping; Zou, Yeqing; Huang, Qingmei; Zheng, Li; Wang, Wei
This paper identifies evolving trends in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and recommends the integration of nursing strategies in COPD management via widespread implementation of electronic health records. COPD is a complex lung disease with diverse origins, both physical and behavioral, manifested in a wide range of symptoms that further increase the patient's risk for comorbidities. Early diagnosis and effective management of COPD require monitoring of a dizzying array of COPD symptoms over extended periods of time, and nurses are especially well positioned to manage potential progressions of COPD, as frontline health care providers who obtain, record, and organize patient data. Developments in medical technology greatly aid nursing management of COPD, from the deployment of spirometry as a diagnostic tool at the family practice level to newly approved treatment options, including non-nicotine pharmacotherapies that reduce the cravings associated with tobacco withdrawal. Among new medical technologies, electronic health records have proven particularly advantageous in the management of COPD, enabling providers to gather, maintain, and reference more patient data than has ever been possible before. Thus, consistent and widespread implementation of electronic health records facilitates the coordination of diverse treatment strategies, resulting in increased positive health outcomes for patients with COPD. PMID:25848228
Hernandez, Stephen H A; Bedrick, Edward J; Parshall, Mark B
We investigated perceptions of stigma and barriers associated with accessing mental health services among active component U.S. Air Force officer and enlisted nursing personnel (N = 211). The Britt and Hoge et al Stigma scale and Hoge et al Barriers to Care scale were administered via an anonymous, online survey. Stigma items pertained to concerns that might affect decisions to seek mental health treatment. Most of the sample agreed with the items "Members of my unit might have less confidence in me" and "My unit leadership might treat me differently." Approximately 20% to 46% agreed with the other four stigma items. Officer nursing personnel were significantly more likely than enlisted to agree that accessing mental health services would be embarrassing, harm their career, or cause leaders to blame them for the problem (p ? 0.03 for each comparison). Getting time off from work for treatment and scheduling appointments were perceived as barriers by 41% and 21% of respondents, respectively. We conclude that proportions of Air Force nursing personnel reporting concerns about potential stigmatizing consequences of seeking mental health care are substantial and similar to ranges previously reported by military service members screening positive for mental health problems after deployment. PMID:25373066
Liu, Fengping; Zou, Yeqing; Huang, Qingmei; Zheng, Li; Wang, Wei
This paper identifies evolving trends in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and recommends the integration of nursing strategies in COPD management via widespread implementation of electronic health records. COPD is a complex lung disease with diverse origins, both physical and behavioral, manifested in a wide range of symptoms that further increase the patients risk for comorbidities. Early diagnosis and effective management of COPD require monitoring of a dizzying array of COPD symptoms over extended periods of time, and nurses are especially well positioned to manage potential progressions of COPD, as frontline health care providers who obtain, record, and organize patient data. Developments in medical technology greatly aid nursing management of COPD, from the deployment of spirometry as a diagnostic tool at the family practice level to newly approved treatment options, including non-nicotine pharmacotherapies that reduce the cravings associated with tobacco withdrawal. Among new medical technologies, electronic health records have proven particularly advantageous in the management of COPD, enabling providers to gather, maintain, and reference more patient data than has ever been possible before. Thus, consistent and widespread implementation of electronic health records facilitates the coordination of diverse treatment strategies, resulting in increased positive health outcomes for patients with COPD. PMID:25848228
Yeatts, D E; Seward, R R
This article describes the use of self-managed work teams (SMWTs) in a nursing home, their potential impacts on the provision of health care and employee satisfaction and turnover, and the factors reported to be important to SMWT effectiveness. Three SMWTs in a midsized nursing home in Wisconsin provide examples. Steps for implementing SMWTs are described. PMID:10853530
Jones, Josette; Nursing, Licentiate; Brennan, Patricia F.; Smith, Michael J.
The ability of the World Wide Web (WWW) to distribute information has created a vast array of applications. In nursing practice, it is seen as a resource for evidence-based practice, a tool to disseminate accurate health information to patients, and an infrastructure to provide tailored nursing care.
Rosenkotter, N.; Vondeling, H.
The European Union has named genomics as one of the promising research fields for the development of new health technologies. Major concerns with regard to these fields are, on the one hand, the rather slow and limited translation of new knowledge and, on the other hand, missing insights into the impact on public health and health care practice of those technologies that are actually introduced. This paper aims to give an overview of the major assessment instruments in public health [ health technology assessment (HTA), health needs assessment (HNA) and health impact assessment (HIA)] which could contribute to the systematic translation and assessment of genomic health applications by focussing at population level and on public health policy making. It is shown to what extent HTA, HNA and HIA contribute to translational research by using the continuum of translational research (T1-T4) in genomic medicine as an analytic framework. The selected assessment methodologies predominantly cover 2 to 4 phases within the T1-T4 system. HTA delivers the most complete set of methodologies when assessing health applications. HNA can be used to prioritize areas where genomic health applications are needed or to identify infrastructural needs. HIA delivers information on the impact of technologies in a wider scope and promotes informed decision making. HTA, HNA and HIA provide a partly overlapping and partly unique set of methodologies and infrastructure for the translation and assessment of genomic health applications. They are broad in scope and go beyond the continuum of T1-T4 translational research regarding policy translation. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel
This review article aims to provide an introduction to the methodology of health economic assessment of a health technology. Attention is paid to defining the fundamental concepts and terms that are relevant to health economic assessments. The article describes the methodology underlying a cost study (identification, measurement and valuation of resource use, calculation of costs), an economic evaluation (type of economic evaluation, the cost-effectiveness plane, trial- and model-based econom...
Morris, Judy A
Whether planned or unexpected, career transition can have positive results that lead to personal growth and a more fulfilling work life. The transition period should be recognized as an opportunity to assess the past and positively shape the future. Occupational health nurses who enhance their professional and communication skills and maintain up-to-date tools are likely to have a competitive advantage during career transitions. Recommended job search tools include an up-to-date and scannable resume and a portfolio that includes summaries of key accomplishments and recognition received, business references, and a network of contacts. Networking is most effective when it is a mutual exchange. Tullier (1998) suggests individuals remember to seek opportunities to provide value to those who have provided assistance, and to become a resource to those in need of assistance. Ways to support and mentor others include sharing a current article of interest or information about an event they might wish to attend, recommending them as speakers, nominating them for awards, volunteering assistance on a special project or to a charity they support, and acknowledging and congratulating them on their accomplishments. Developing a personal action plan might include objectives such as initiating more frequent contact with individuals in one's network, developing or updating job search tools, improving speaking or writing skills, or increasing involvement in professional or community organizations. Whatever the action items identified and completed, the result will be future career transitions that are more likely to yield positive outcomes. PMID:15909877