WorldWideScience
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Measuring compliance of conducting an occupational health risk assessment in the occupational health nurse’s practice  

OpenAIRE

Occupational health nurses (OHNs) are qualified registered nurses with a postgraduate qualification in occupational health nursing. An important activity of OHNs is to identify and assess health risks in the workplace. Health risk assessments (HRAs) are conducted by OHNs to determine all the occupational health stressors, for example noise, vibration and chemical substances. The authors conducted legal compliance occupational health audits and observed that 85% (n = 23) of OHNs in different s...

Nicolene de Jager; Sonya Beukes; Nolte, Anna G. W.

2014-01-01

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Measuring compliance of conducting an occupational health risk assessment in the occupational health nurse’s practice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Occupational health nurses (OHNs are qualified registered nurses with a postgraduate qualification in occupational health nursing. An important activity of OHNs is to identify and assess health risks in the workplace. Health risk assessments (HRAs are conducted by OHNs to determine all the occupational health stressors, for example noise, vibration and chemical substances. The authors conducted legal compliance occupational health audits and observed that 85% (n = 23 of OHNs in different settings conduct HRAs only to a limited extent. The following objective was formulated for the study: To explore and describe the extent to which OHNs conduct HRAs as it is a legal requirement for compliance; and the possible reasons for not adhering to the regulation and conduct them only to a limited extent. A quantitative, descriptive design was used in this study. A sampling frame was developed from a list of all the members of the South African Society of Occupational Health Nursing Practitioners (SASOHN in Gauteng. From the target population of OHNs in Gauteng, a systematic cluster sampling method was used. A self-developed questionnaire was distributed by mail and e-mail, and authors sent respondents reminders. The authors ensured that validity, reliability and ethical standards were adhered to. The findings revealed that OHNs are mature, experienced, predominately female practitioners who operate on behalf of a disproportionately large number of workers. Four factors influencing these nurses in conducting an HRA to a limited extent were identified: competence, ignorance about the role of the OHN, workload and attitude.

Nicolene de Jager

2014-09-01

3

Community health nursing assessment of neurodevelopment in high-risk infants.  

Science.gov (United States)

All infants discharged from designated perinatal center neonatal intensive care units in Illinois are referred for follow-up home visits by community health nurses. These visits provide parental support, teaching, and anticipatory guidance plus physical and developmental assessment of the infant. The maternal and child nursing consultants who coordinate this follow-up program are frequently called upon to assist the community health nurses in physical/developmental assessment techniques. The neurodevelopmental component of the assessment, including areas of alertness, tone, head circumference, vision and hearing screening, plus primitive reflexes, is described. PMID:6565109

Ritchie, S; Trotter, C W

1984-01-01

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Health assessment in a 2-week intensive format for second-degree baccalaureate nursing students.  

Science.gov (United States)

The proliferation of second-degree baccalaureate nursing programs in the United States has led to a critical need for effective strategies to meet the unique learning needs of this group of students. This article describes an innovative approach to delivery of a health assessment course for accelerated nursing students. PMID:19297966

Yastik, Joanne; Anthony, Maureen

2009-03-01

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Virtual Health Library – Nursing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Virtual Health Library – Nursing is as the broad of scientific and technical knowledge based in health-entered, organized, and stored in electronic format universally accessible on the WWW and compatible with international databases. The information sources are generated, updated, stored, and manipulated on the Internet by scholars in a decentralized manner using common methodologies for their integration into the Virtual Health Library- Nursing.

Isabel CF da Cruz

2006-08-01

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The Effect of Hospital Electronic Health Record Adoption on Nurse-Assessed Quality of Care and Patient Safety  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of having a basic electronic health record (EHR) on nurse-assessed quality of care, including patient safety. Few large-scale studies have examined how adoption of EHRs may be associated with quality of care. A cross-sectional, secondary analysis of nurse and hospital survey data was conducted. The final sample included 16,352 nurses working in 316 hospitals in 4 states. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between b...

Kutney-lee, Ann; Kelly, Deena

2011-01-01

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Service user involvement in the assessment of a practice competency in mental health nursing - stakeholders' views and recommendations.  

Science.gov (United States)

Competence in building therapeutic relationships is essential for student mental health nurses and therefore requires robust assessment. However, the assessment of such complex skills is problematic. Following policy directives exhorting increased service user involvement in general, there have been recent suggestions that service users could contribute to the assessment of practice. This paper outlines a research project which investigated the views of 24 stakeholders (service users, lecturers, mentors, ex-students and student nurses) about the potential involvement of service users in the assessment of student mental health nurses' competence in forming therapeutic relationships. The findings revealed that service users interviewed had a largely positive attitude towards this potential development. Nurse participants were more ambivalent. Despite citing several key advantages, nurses also expressed some important reservations about how such a proposal could be implemented in practice. Nevertheless, on balance, they were in favour in principle. Key recommendations for the implementation of this potential development included strategies to enable anonymity and freedom of choice for service users. A range of options for obtaining service user feedback were put forward, along with some ideas about how the fairness of the assessment might be protected. PMID:18291328

Speers, Janey

2008-03-01

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Undergraduate nurses’ experience of the family health assessment as a learning opportunity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The practice of community health nursing (CHN may enhance the life experiences of families and communities, particularly amongst the poor and socially marginalised. CHN provides for a deeper understanding of the health status of families living within communities, for example, where and how they live, their cultural context and their ability to identify resources available to assist with their health care (Allender, Rector & Warner 2010:17.This qualitative phenomenological study reflects on the self-reported lived experiences of undergraduate CHN students at the University of the Western Cape in the City of Cape Town, South Africa. These students conducted a family health assessment (FHA learning task at the homes of families within communities.Purposive and convenience sampling was used by students who had conducted an FHA. Fourteen students agreed to participate in the study, of whom nine were interviewed, two withdrew and the remaining three were not interviewed since no new data were emerging during interviews, indicating that saturation had been reached. During in-depth interviews with seven female and two male students, data for the exploration of the lived experiences was gathered through the following question: ‘How did you experience the FHA?’ Field notes were taken and used to capture non-verbal communication of participants. The focus of the study was to explore the lived experiences of students and not those of the family on whom the FHA was completed.Data collected were categorised into themes, guided by the systematic data analysis process of Tesch (1990 cited in Cresswell (2003:192. Four themes emerged: challenges of family selection, challenges of safety, socio-cultural challenges and academic challenges experiencedby the participants. This study will inform future research and curriculum planning for CHN education in a multifaceted context.

Juliana J. Willemse

2012-07-01

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Undergraduate nurses' experience of the family health assessment as a learning opportunity  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The practice of community health nursing (CHN) may enhance the life experiences of families and communities, particularly amongst the poor and socially marginalised. CHN provides for a deeper understanding of the health status of families living within communities, for example, where and how they li [...] ve, their cultural context and their ability to identify resources available to assist with their health care (Allender, Rector & Warner 2010:17). This qualitative phenomenological study reflects on the self-reported lived experiences of undergraduate CHN students at the University of the Western Cape in the City of Cape Town, South Africa. These students conducted a family health assessment (FHA) learning task at the homes of families within communities. Purposive and convenience sampling was used by students who had conducted an FHA. Fourteen students agreed to participate in the study, of whom nine were interviewed, two withdrew and the remaining three were not interviewed since no new data were emerging during interviews, indicating that saturation had been reached. During in-depth interviews with seven female and two male students, data for the exploration of the lived experiences was gathered through the following question: 'How did you experience the FHA?' Field notes were taken and used to capture non-verbal communication of participants. The focus of the study was to explore the lived experiences of students and not those of the family on whom the FHA was completed. Data collected were categorised into themes, guided by the systematic data analysis process of Tesch (1990) cited in Cresswell (2003:192). Four themes emerged: challenges of family selection, challenges of safety, socio-cultural challenges and academic challenges experienced by the participants. This study will inform future research and curriculum planning for CHN education in a multifaceted context.

Juliana J., Willemse; Elma W., Kortenbout.

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Environment, Health, & Nursing Practice  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to explore the connection nurses see between the environment and health concerns of their patients. The study surveyed registered nurses (RNs) in a western state to determine whether they evaluated themselves as knowledgeable about environmental health (EH) hazards and if they felt prepared by their nursing curriculum to share this information with their patients. The study replicates a survey of Wisconsin nurses concerning issues related to EH knowledge among RN...

Patt Elison-Bowers; Nancy Otterness; Mary Pritchard

2011-01-01

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Evaluating the integration of cultural competence skills into health and physical assessment tools: a survey of Canadian schools of nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Currently used audiovisual (AV) teaching tools to teach health and physical assessment reflect a Eurocentric bias using the biomedical model. The purpose of our study was to (a) identify commonly used AV teaching tools of Canadian schools of nursing and (b) evaluate the identified tools. A two-part descriptive quantitative method design was used. First, we surveyed schools of nursing across Canada. Second, the identified AV teaching tools were evaluated for content and modeling of cultural competence. The majority of the schools (67%) used publisher-produced videos associated with a physical assessment textbook. Major findings included minimal demonstration of negotiation with a client around cultural aspects of the interview including the need for an interpreter, modesty, and inclusion of support persons. Identification of culturally specific examples given during the videos was superficial and did not provide students with a comprehensive understanding of necessary culturally competent skills. PMID:23399615

Chircop, Andrea; Edgecombe, Nancy; Hayward, Kathryn; Ducey-Gilbert, Cherie; Sheppard-Lemoine, Debbie

2013-04-01

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Nursing, Midwifery and Allied Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Intute's Nursing, Midwifery, and Health professional pages is a free online resource that provides information skills for nurses, midwives, and health visitors, allowing them to make practical use of the Internet in their work. The site contains key Internet resources to support the study, teaching, and/or research for nurses, midwives, and health visitors. For those completely unfamiliar with the Web world, the site also contains a glossary to help demystify some Internet terminology.

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Social justice: added metaparadigm concept for urban health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Historically, the nursing metaparadigm has been used to describe 4 concepts of nursing knowledge (person, environment, health, and nursing) that reflect beliefs held by the profession about nursing's context and content. The authors offer an assessment of the metaparadigm as it applies to community and public health nursing in urban settings and offer an amendment of the metaparadigm to include the central concept of social justice. Each of the metaparadigm concepts and the central concept of social justice is discussed as it applies to a model of urban health nursing teaching, research, and practice. PMID:17214656

Schim, Stephanie Myers; Benkert, Ramona; Bell, Sue Ellen; Walker, Deborah S; Danford, Cynthia A

2007-01-01

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Predictors for Assessing Electronic Messaging Between Nurses and General Practitioners as a Useful Tool for Communication in Home Health Care Services: A Cross-Sectional Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Nurses providing home health care services are dependent on access to patient information and communicating with general practitioners (GPs) to deliver safe and effective health care to patients. Information and communication technology (ICT) systems are viewed as powerful tools for this purpose. In Norway, a standardized electronic messaging (e-messaging) system is currently being established in health care. Objective The aim of this study was to explore home health care nurses’ assessments of the utility of the e-messaging system for communicating with GPs and identify elements that influence the assessment of e-messaging as a useful communication tool. Methods The data were collected using a self-developed questionnaire based on variables identified by focus group interviews with home health care nurses (n=425) who used e-messaging and existing research. Data were analyzed using logistic regression analyses. Results Over two-thirds (425/632, 67.2%) of the home health care nurses returned the questionnaire. A high proportion (388/399, 97.2%) of the home health care nurses who returned the questionnaire found the e-messaging system to be a useful tool for communication with GPs. The odds of reporting that e-messaging was a useful tool were over five times higher (OR 5.1, CI 2.489-10.631, Pmessaging was easy to use. The odds of finding e-messaging easy to use were nearly seven times higher (OR 6.9, CI 1.713-27.899, P=.007) if the nurses did not consider the system functionality poor. If the nurses had received training in the use of e-messaging, the odds were over six times higher (OR 6.6, CI 2.515-17.437, Pmessaging easy to use. The odds that a home health care nurse would experience e-messaging as easy to use increased as the full-time equivalent percentage of the nurses increased (OR 1.032, CI 1.001-1.064, P=.045). Conclusions This study has shown that technical (ease of use and system functionality), organizational (training), and individual (full-time equivalent percentage) elements had an impact on home health care nurses’ assessments of using e-messaging to communicate with GPs. By identifying these elements, it is easier to determine which interventions are the most important for the development and implementation of ICT systems in home health care services. PMID:25691234

Hofoss, Dag; Grimsmo, Anders; Hellesø, Ragnhild

2015-01-01

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Occupational health nursing in hungary.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is the first about occupational health nursing in Hungary. The authors describe the Hungarian health care and occupational health care systems, including nursing education and professional organizations for occupational health nurses. The Fundamental Law of Hungary guarantees the right of every employee to healthy and safe working conditions, daily and weekly rest times and annual paid leave, and physical and mental health. Hungary promotes the exercise of these rights by managing industrial safety and health care, providing access to healthy food, supporting sports and regular physical exercise, and ensuring environmental protection. According to the law, the responsibility for regulation of the occupational health service lies with the Ministry of Human Resources. Safety regulations are under the aegis of the Ministry of National Economy. [Workplace Health Saf 2014;62(10):421-430.]. PMID:25139783

Hirdi, Henriett Éva; Hong, OiSaeng

2014-10-01

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Designing authentic assessment: strategies for nurse educators.  

Science.gov (United States)

Increased emphasis on health care safety requires renewed attention to teaching and learning processes for future health care professionals. When presented with problems situated in a clinical context, learners have rich opportunities to demonstrate integration of concepts. Authentic assessment is an approach to evaluation of learning through which students can demonstrate acquired knowledge, skills, and attitudes in the context of real-world or realistic nursing practice activities. This article describes features, approaches, and examples of authentic assessment processes in the context of classroom, clinical, and online nursing education. PMID:25358115

Poindexter, Kathleen; Hagler, Debra; Lindell, Deborah

2015-01-01

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Mapping the future of environmental health and nursing: strategies for integrating national competencies into nursing practice.  

Science.gov (United States)

:Nurses are increasingly the primary contact for clients concerned about health problems related to their environment. In response to the need for nursing expertise in the field of environmental health, the Institute of Medicine (IOM), Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), and National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) have designed core competencies for the nursing profession. The IOM competencies focus on four areas: (1) knowledge and concepts; (2) assessment and referral; advocacy, ethics, and risk communication; and (4) legislation and regulation. The competencies establish a baseline of knowledge and awareness in order for nurses to prevent and minimize health problems associated with exposure to environmental agents. To address the known difficulties of incorporating new priorities into established practice, nurses attending an environmental health short course participated in a nominal group process focusing on the question, "What specific actions can we take to bring environmental health into the mainstream of nursing practice?" This exercise was designed to bring the concepts of the national initiatives (IOM, NINR, ATSDR) to the awareness of individual nurses involved in the direct delivery of care. Results include 38 action items nurses identified as improving awareness and utilization of environmental health principles. The top five ideas were: (1) get environmental health listed as a requirement or competency in undergraduate nursing education; (2) improve working relationships with interdepartmental persons-a team approach; (3) strategically place students in essential organizations such as NIOSH, ATSDR, or CDC; (4) educate nurse educators; and (5) create environmental health awards in nursing. The 38 original ideas were also reorganized into a five-tiered conceptual model. The concepts of this model include: (1) developing partnerships; (2) strengthening publications; (3) enhancing continuing education; (4) updating nursing practice; and (5) strengthening schools of nursing. The model serves as a road map for action in building environmental health capacity within mainstream nursing. PMID:12071904

Larsson, Laura S; Butterfield, Patricia

2002-01-01

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Assessment of nursing students and nurses' orientation towards patient-centeredness  

OpenAIRE

Background - Being patient centered is a core value for nursing. Patient centered-care has been related to patient and health provider satisfaction, better health outcomes, higher quality of care and more efficient health care delivery. Objectives - The purpose was to assess the orientation adopted by nurses and students in patient care, using The Patient-Practitioner Orientation Scale, as well as to compare the results between resident nurses and students from different academic years. Setti...

Grilo, Ana M.; Santos, Margarida; Rita, Joana S.; Gomes, Ana I.

2014-01-01

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Future of advanced practice public health nursing education.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to conduct an assessment of the need for advanced practice, master's-prepared public health nurses in Michigan. A cross-sectional design was used to conduct interviews with former students, community leaders, and faculty. Content was analyzed qualitatively for themes. Participants were enthusiastic about the practice environment, but funding was a major concern. Almost all participants thought jobs were available and that public health nursing was cost-effective, yet there was concern about the aging work force and the need for higher education. Other disciplines serving in public health roles and hospitals were identified as competition to the public health nurse. Epidemiology, prevention, community assessment/program planning, health policy/law/ethics, leadership, health services, informatics, research, and grant writing were noted as skills needed. The results of this study are favorable for the future of advanced practice public health nursing practice and education. PMID:25802903

Duffy, Sonia A; McCullagh, Marjorie; Lee, Corinne

2015-02-01

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Feminism and public health nursing: partners for health.  

Science.gov (United States)

It is a well-known fact that nursing and feminism have enjoyed an uneasy alliance. In recent years, however, nursing has begun to recognize the importance of feminism. Nevertheless, the literature still rarely addresses the relevance of feminism for public health nursing. In this article, I articulate the relevance of feminism for public health nursing knowledge and practice. First, I define and describe feminism and public health nursing and then I discuss the importance of feminism for public health nursing practice. The importance of feminism for the metaparadigm concepts of public health nursing is then reviewed. Finally, I examine several existing challenges relating to feminism and public health nursing research, education, and practice. The thesis of this article is that feminism is vitally important for the development of public health nursing and for public health care. PMID:11569301

Leipert, B D

2001-01-01

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The impact of nurses' health on productivity and quality of care.  

Science.gov (United States)

An aging workforce and high-stress environments have led to more nurses working with their own health problems, which in turn affects productivity. To assess this issue, the authors conducted focus groups with nurses and nurse managers. The authors discuss their findings and their implications for more proactively addressing issues that relate to health problems in nurses and the workplace changes that are needed to support nurses with health problems to ensure patient safety and quality care. PMID:21430464

Letvak, Susan; Ruhm, Christopher; Lane, Susan

2011-04-01

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Veterans Health Administration mentoring model for new nurse executives.  

Science.gov (United States)

A nurse executive mentoring program was implemented through the Veterans Health Administration Office of Nursing Service to standardize orientation and increase retention rates in this vital healthcare role. The Veterans Health Administration system has 154 nurse executives throughout the United States with 74% eligible for retirement. This mentoring program is intended to support the integration of new appointees into the nurse executive role. The program has produced a written resource to support effective functioning in the role. The program includes a leader skills self-assessment to evaluate the leadership style and assist with senior leadership team integration. PMID:18580427

Weiss, Lizabeth M; Williams, Carol A; Wetzel, Donald E; Drake, Audrey C; Cumberlander, Lula B; Gordon, Cynthia L

2008-01-01

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Quantifying Community Health Nursing: The Control is with the Nurse  

OpenAIRE

This paper describes the formation, benefits, and implication to nursing practice of an automated nursing information system in a community health agency based on a service provided framework. The design of the service provided coding system is described. Benefits and future implications to the community health agency are discussed.

Miller, Judith L.; Sienkiewicz, Josephine I.

1984-01-01

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Public health nursing: barriers and opportunities.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports the findings of a descriptive study that examined the understanding and practice of public health nursing in one English NHS Region. Using questionnaires and focus groups, data were collected from nurses working in Health Authorities, senior Trust management, operational management and nursing practice across hospital and community services. The data were analysed using qualitative methods. The paper reports one aspect of the study, namely the views of the lead nurses in the Trusts and the Health Authorities regarding public health and nursing. The findings suggest that there are varying interpretations of public health nursing, lack of collaboration between and within organizations and disciplines and limitations in the knowledge and skills possessed by practitioners. It is argued that these issues all present barriers to the development of public health nursing and need to be considered as a matter of urgency if organizations and clinicians are to make the most of the current opportunities. PMID:11560683

Plews, Caroline; Billingham, Kate; Rowe, Ann

2000-03-01

25

Public Health and Nursing: A Natural Partnership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The health of individuals occurs within the context of their environment and the other individuals they interact with in the communities they live in, work in and visit. Promoting the health of the public requires multiple strategies aimed at improving the environment, the health knowledge of groups and individuals, maintaining adequate food and water, and reducing the spread of disease. Many disciplines are needed to meet these goals, but the largest segment of the professional health work force required to meet these needs is nursing. Historically, nursing leaders in public health such as Florence Nightingale and Lillian Wald made significant inroads related to serious health issues because they were nurses. Today across the globe, nurses provide the key components of public health interventions including well baby care, health education, screening and immunization clinics, disaster management and emergency preparedness. With the growing nursing shortage in acute care settings, the brain drain of nurses from certain areas of the world, the shrinking public dollars for preventive health care, the nursing workforce needed to continue to provide these essential health care services is threatened. It is essential to put the spot light on nursing’s role in public health with the hopes of attracting more public funds and more nurses to provide these essential services.

Joan Kub

2009-11-01

26

Nuclear education in public health and nursing  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Twenty-three public health schools and 492 university schools of nursing were surveyed to gather specific information on educational programs related to nuclear war. Twenty public health schools and 240 nursing schools responded. Nuclear war-related content was most likely to appear in disaster nursing and in environmental health courses. Three schools of public health report that they currently offer elective courses on nuclear war. Innovative curricula included political action projects for nuclear war prevention

27

Predictors of married female nurses' health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Excessive workload from employment and household duties may negatively affect married female nurses' health. This study explored job stress, family stress, social support, and health status among married female nurses to identify predictors of nurses' health status. Using a cross-sectional design, 233 married female nurses were recruited from two regional teaching hospitals. The results showed that working hours per week, job stress, and overcommitment to their jobs were significant determinants of health status. Based on study findings, nursing supervisors should avoid scheduling nurses to work more than 48 hours per week. Job stress adjustment courses could enable nurses to relax after work, avoiding overcommitment. [Workplace Health Saf 2014;62(11):447-452.]. PMID:25102479

Fang, Li; Hung, Chich-Hsiu

2014-11-01

28

Public health nursing, ethics and human rights.  

Science.gov (United States)

Public health nursing has a code of ethics that guides practice. This includes the American Nurses Association Code of Ethics for Nurses, Principles of the Ethical Practice of Public Health, and the Scope and Standards of Public Health Nursing. Human rights and Rights-based care in public health nursing practice are relatively new. They reflect human rights principles as outlined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and applied to public health practice. As our health care system is restructured and there are new advances in technology and genetics, a focus on providing care that is ethical and respects human rights is needed. Public health nurses can be in the forefront of providing care that reflects an ethical base and a rights-based approach to practice with populations. PMID:23586767

Ivanov, Luba L; Oden, Tami L

2013-05-01

29

Nurse Overestimation of Patients' Health Literacy  

OpenAIRE

Patient education and effective communication are core elements of the nursing profession; therefore, awareness of a patient's health literacy is integral to patient care, safety, education, and counseling. Several past studies have suggested that health care providers overestimate their patient's health literacy. In this study, the authors compare inpatient nurses' estimate of their patient's health literacy to the patient's health literacy using Newest Vital Sign as the health literacy meas...

Dickens, Carolyn; Lambert, Bruce L.; Cromwell, Terese; Piano, Mariann R.

2013-01-01

30

A preliminary survey of nurses' health-related behaviours.  

Science.gov (United States)

The substance-use, positive health practices, diet and eating habits, driving behaviours and preventive health care practices of 113 nurses living in the southeast of England were assessed by means of a postal questionnaire. Females were generally more compliant than males with most of the behaviours assessed. Females reported taking greater risks with driving behaviours by an occasional tendency to "drink and drive". Many males reported both a lack of knowledge of how to self-examine their testicles for signs of cancer and little compliance with this behaviour. This sample reported more smoking and alcohol use than previously reported samples of American nurses and U.K. norms. The nurses in this sample were more likely to avoid foods high in cholesterol, add fibre to their diet and be more vigilant in their driving behaviour than American nurses and British non-nurses. PMID:7730001

Callaghan, P

1995-02-01

31

Health Communications: Nursing Education for Increased Visibility and Effectiveness.  

Science.gov (United States)

To improve the visibility of nurses in mass media, health communications content should be integrated into nursing education. Nurses equipped with advanced communication skills, media expertise and teaching strategies can empower the profession to influence the health care environment. (SK)

Chaffee, Mary

2000-01-01

32

Health Care Plan's Nurse Advice System.  

OpenAIRE

Staff model HMO's expend great effort in handling member phone calls. Health Care Plan, Inc. has developed a computer program to aid phone room nurses in their documentation and decision making processes. The Nurse Advice system has been successfully implemented in six of eight medical centers. By providing real-time access to patient clinical data, the quality of care and service is improved.

Wagner, D. E.; Reinhardt, M. T.; Lyons, J. P.; Sullivan, K. M.

1992-01-01

33

Exploring the views of nurses on the cardiometabolic health nurse in mental health services in australia.  

Science.gov (United States)

People with serious mental illness experience premature death due to higher rates of cardiometabolic conditions (e.g. cardiovascular disease, diabetes) than the general population. Mental health services often do not provide sufficient cardiometabolic clinical care to address these risks. The cardiometabolic health nurse (CHN) role has been suggested as a strategy for ensuring integrated care is provided and sustained. The views of nurses in mental health would be essential in informing the viability and development for this initiative. This paper presents the findings of open-ended comments from a cross-sectional online survey of nurses working in mental health in Australia (n  =  643) eliciting views about the possible introduction of the cardiometabolic nurse. Thematic analysis was undertaken, of 133 open comments on this topic. The findings suggest that nurses see the specialist role as suitable and valuable for mental health services. Some nurses voiced concern about specialisation leading to fragmentation (e.g. in responsibilities for physical health, division of mental and physical health care, and less emphasis on equipping all nurses with comprehensive care skills), especially for settings where generalist nursing was seen as already available. The findings suggest this role is viewed favourably by nurses, provided that it is consistent with holistic and comprehensive care. Empirical research is needed to see whether this role increases holism (as valued by consumers and nurses) and cardiometabolic outcomes. PMID:25397354

Happell, Brenda; Platania-Phung, Chris; Stanton, Robert; Millar, Freyja

2015-02-01

34

[Nursing contribution in health decision making].  

Science.gov (United States)

Decision making in health is a frequent situation, although potentially difficult, depending on patient/user characteristics and the context or the situation of health. This causes decisional conflicts in patients/users. The present study proposes to analyze the decision making process in health, conceptually, and nurses' contributions to understand and confront the phenomenon. The Ottawa the Model of Decisions Making in Health, proposed by Annette O'Connor, arises as a useful tool that enables nurses to carry out effective interventions with persons who face decision problems. Patients/users can assume a more active participation in the decisions on their own health. PMID:25054711

Mosqueda-Díaz, Angélica; Mendoza-Parra, Sara; Jofré-Aravena, Viviane

2014-01-01

35

Trending health information technology adoption among New York nursing homes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives Federal policies are incentivizing hospitals and providers to adopt and meaningfully use electronic health records (EHRs). Nursing homes are not eligible for incentives. However, understanding health information technology (HIT) adoption among nursing homes will be critical to developing HIT policies for this sector. Our objective was to assess the pace of EHR adoption, changes in computerized function adoption, and participation in health information exchange by New York state nursing homes over time. Study Design We used a repeated, cross-sectional study design. Methods We surveyed all New York state nursing homes between February and May 2013, comparing results to the same survey administered in 2012. Results We received responses from 472 of 630 nursing homes (74.9%). Rates of EHR adoption increased from 48.6% to 56.3% (P = .03). Participation in health information exchange remained unchanged (54.5% to 55.3%, P = .8). The top barriers to EHR adoption cited were: a) the initial cost of HIT investment (67.9%, n = 133), b) lack of technical IT staff (46.4%, n = 91), and c) lack of fiscal incentives (45.8%, n = 88). Comparing nursing homes with EHRs in 2012 to nursing homes with EHRs in 2013, the availability of many types of computerized functionalities significantly increased, although no gains were seen for order entry or clinical tools. Conclusions While some gains are being made by nursing homes, HIT adoption generally lags behind that of other sectors. Public policy focusing on building HIT infrastructure is essential to ensure that nursing homes keep up with other healthcare segments. PMID:25811820

Abramson, Erika L; Edwards, Alison; Silver, Michael; Kaushai, Rainu

2014-11-01

36

Hacia la mejora de la salud bucodental del anciano: valoración y diagnóstico enfermero / Towards improving oral health of the elderly: nursing assessment and diagnosis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Objetivo: Identificar las preguntas clave para valorar la salud bucodental del anciano, cuestionarios disponibles en nuestro medio, y diagnósticos de enfermería relacionados. Método: Revisión sistemática de la literatura con búsqueda en Biblioteca Virtual de Salud, Medline, Cochrane Library, Joanna [...] Briggs Institute, Cuiden, INHATA y BiblioPro. Análisis de contenido de valoraciones enfermeras específicas y cuestionarios disponibles en nuestro medio. Selección de diagnósticos de enfermería relacionados mediante método Delphi. Resultado: Se encuentran 1949 artículos, se seleccionan 10. En nuestro medio se utiliza la propuesta de valoración de Gordon y la contenida en la historia clínica informatizada en Atención Primaria de Canarias, Drago-AP. Entre los cuestionarios que exploran la salud bucodental el OHIP-SP (Oral ImpactProfile- Spanish) se muestra como el más completo en constructo. A juicio de expertos, hay 29 diagnósticos enfermeros que guardan relación con la salud bucodental de los ancianos, de los cuales, 15 muestran correspondencia con apartados valorados en el OHIP-SP tras la revisión de las características definitorias. Conclusiones: Identificamos 5 preguntas clave, exploración, cuestionarios y 29 diagnósticos relacionados, de los cuales 14 amplían el cuestionario. Con estas herramientas se puede diseñar un plan de actuación dirigido al logro de resultados de salud bucodental en el anciano, y así, realizar cuidados destinados a la mejora de este aspecto de salud con amplia repercusión sobre la calidad de vida y la salud general. Abstract in english Objective: To identify the key questions to assess the oral health of the elderly, the questionnaires available in our environment for this assessment, and related nursing diagnoses. Method: A systematic review of the literature with a search performed with Biblioteca Virtual de Salud, Medline, Coch [...] rane Library, Joanna Briggs Institute, Cuiden, INHATA and BiblioPro. Analysis of contents of Nursing specific assessments and questionnaires available in our environment. Nursing diagnoses related selected through Delphi method. Result: 1949 are finded, 10are selected. In our environment the proposal of the Marjory Gordon's assessment and the valuation of the clinical history used in primary care Canaries, Drago-AP are applied. Among the questionnaires to explore the oral health, OHIP- SP (Oral Impact Profile- Spanish) is showed as the most complete construct. According to experts, there are 29 nursing diagnoses relevant to the oral health of older people, of which 15 show correspondence with items of the questionnaire OHIP- SP after the revision of the defining characteristics. Conclusion: We identified 5 key questions, exploration, questionnaires and 29 diagnoses related, which 14 extend the questionnaire. With these tools it can be designed an action plan directed to the achievement of oral health results on the elderly, and, by that, take care due to improve in this healthy aspect with abroad repercussion about the quality of life and health in general.

Laura, Figueroa-Martín; Gonzalo, Duarte-Clíments; Teodoro, González-Pérez; Trinidad, Rufino-Delgado.

37

Nursing education to improve global health  

OpenAIRE

In the final decades of the twentieth century world went through a complex process in political, technological, economic, social and health areas. In the process often referred to as globalization, many health problems including global spread have seen and many have still being seen. This situation obliges nurses who are the largest groups of health care providers, to be aware of health problems that result from globalization and to explore solutions these health problems requires them t...

Hülya Kaya

2010-01-01

38

"Nurses as health evangelists"?: The evolution of public health nursing in Canada, 1918-1939.  

Science.gov (United States)

Public health nurses provided leadership for the advancement of public health in Canada in the early decades of this century, although leadership by nurses is not celebrated in public health history. The historical period (1918-1939) selected for this inquiry is one in which public health nurses created a legacy of achievements in public health nursing education, practice, and the organization of community health services within the most challenging of social, economic, and political contexts. The practice of public health nursing in Canada during the interwar years included strategies that were then and still are integral to the discipline--those of forming connections with the community, providing leadership in the public health movement, and facilitating community organization. It is vital to understand the significance of these origins of public health nursing as forces in the present context of practice threaten to alter fundamentally the nature of public health nursing's connection with the community. The purpose of this article is to highlight aspects of this historical legacy so that its influence can be more fully understood and strengthened in current health system transitions. PMID:10961265

Duncan, S M; Leipert, B D; Mill, J E

1999-09-01

39

77 FR 41986 - Division of Nursing, Public Health Nursing Community Based Model of PHN Case Management Services  

Science.gov (United States)

...Nursing, Public Health Nursing Community Based Model of PHN Case Management Services Announcement...Model of Public Health Nursing Case Management Services. This program...Research indicates nursing case management is a cost...

2012-07-17

40

Assessing the learning needs of oncology nurses.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Nurse Oncology Education Program (NOEP) is a nonprofit organization of the Texas Nurses Foundation that develops and provides education for nurses in all fields of practice on cancer prevention, detection, treatment, and survivorship. To meet the most current educational needs of nurses, NOEP conducts a biannual needs assessment survey to better understand its audience and inform its course development. The 2013 NOEP needs assessment survey used a convenience sample of licensed nurses throughout the United States. Nurses completed the online survey, and results revealed several priority areas for educational programs, including management of cancer symptoms and treatment side effects, complementary and alternative or integrative medicine, and screening recommendations. Time was noted as the largest barrier to educating patients and families about primary prevention practices. Results from this survey can be compared to those from previous surveys, particularly the 2009 and 2011 surveys, to determine changes in the demographics of NOEP's constituency, as well as consistencies in educational gaps. The results from the 2013 NOEP needs assessment survey offer valuable information about the learning needs of nurses across the country. The data can be used by the nurse educators and faculty who are responsible for providing cancer-specific education to nurses. PMID:25253111

Cannon, Carol A; Watson, Lisa K; Roth, Matt T; LaVergne, Shirley

2014-10-01

41

Family Health Nursing – A European Perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Florence Nightingale, while formulating her concept of nursing mentioned, among nurses’ tasks, the popularization of personal hygiene and hygiene of surroundings in workers’ environments, as well as teaching baby care to mothers. The performance of these tasks required cooperation with the families, and at that time, such a cooperation was postulated by William Rathbone (1819–1902. According to him, to the tasks of a nurse providing home care for a patient also belong assistance to the family in the area of hygiene and health care.

Miros?aw J. Jarosz

2013-12-01

42

[Health promotion of lesbian woman: nursing care].  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to analyze national and international scientific literature on nursing care for lesbian women. An integrative approach was adopted to review studies from MEDLINE, LILACS, BDENF and SCOPUS databases and SciELO and Cochrane libraries using the keywords: female homosexuality, nursing care, health promotion and women's health. Studies published between 1990 and 2013 in English, Portuguese or Spanish were considered for analysis. After analyzing data, four international studies were selected, being that three were from the United States and one was from Canada. This study revealed a scarcity of Brazilian and international studies and the importance of increasing scientific literature on this topic. Descriptors: Homosexuality, female. Nursing care. Health promotion. Women's health. PMID:25842788

Sousa, Josueida de Carvalho; Mallmann, Danielli Gavibo; Galindo Neto, Nelson Miguel; de Freitas, Natália Oliveira; de Vasconcelos, Eliane Maria Ribeiro; de Araújo, Ednaldo Cavalcante

2014-12-01

43

Decolonizing sexual health nursing with Aboriginal women.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nurses striving to provide quality health care for and with Indigenous individuals and communities in Australia face particular challenges. Past and present discriminatory or non-responsive health-care practices and policies have caused many Aboriginal women and their families to mistrust health-care professionals and practices. It is vital that nurses develop culturally safe and respectful ways of working in partnership with Aboriginal colleagues and clients. The author discusses how nurses in both Canada and Australia have drawn on critical and postcolonial feminist theories, Indigenous epistemologies and methodologies, and models of cultural safety to develop a more responsive, decolonizing approach to health care and training. Two practice examples from the Australian context highlight both the challenges and the benefits of incorporating decolonizing approaches into practice. The similarities in and differences between situations reveal a clear need for responsive and flexible decolonizing approaches. PMID:24236371

Kelly, Janet

2013-09-01

44

Cystic fibrosis research in allied health and nursing professions.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report is the result of the "Allied Health and Nursing Professions Working Group" meeting which took place in Verona, Italy, November 2009, which was organised by the European Cystic Fibrosis Society, and involved 32 experts. The meeting was designed to provide a "roadmap" of high priority research questions that can be addressed by Allied Health Professionals (AHP) and nursing. The other goal was to identify research skills that would be beneficial to AHP and nursing researchers and would ultimately improve the research capacity and capability of these professions. The following tasks were accomplished: 1) a Delphi survey was used to identify high priority research areas and themes, 2) common research designs used in AHP and nursing research were evaluated in terms of their strengths and weaknesses, 3) methods for assessing the clinimetric and psychometric properties, as well as feasibility, of relevant outcome measures were reviewed, and 4) a common skill set for AHPs and nurses undertaking clinical research was agreed on and will guide the planning of future research opportunities. This report has identified important areas and themes for future research which include: adherence; physical activity/exercise; nutritional interventions; interventions for the newborn with CF and evaluation of outcome measures for use in AHP and nursing research. It has highlighted the significant challenges AHPs and nurses experience in conducting clinical research, and proposes strategies to overcome these challenges. It is hoped that this report will encourage research initiatives that assess the efficacy/effectiveness of AHP and nursing interventions in order to improve the evidence base. This should increase the quality of research conducted by these professions, justify services they currently provide, and expand their skills in new areas, with the ultimate goal of improving care for patients with CF. PMID:22516511

Bradley, Judy M; Madge, Susan; Morton, Alison M; Quittner, Alexandra L; Elborn, J Stuart

2012-09-01

45

Information-seeking behavior of nursing students and clinical nurses: implications for health sciences librarians*  

OpenAIRE

Objectives: This research was conducted to provide new insights on clinical nurses' and nursing students' current use of health resources and libraries and deterrents to their retrieval of electronic clinical information, exploring implications from these findings for health sciences librarians.

Dee, Cheryl; Stanley, Ellen E.

2005-01-01

46

A Nursing Informatics Curriculum Within a Health Systems Environment  

OpenAIRE

Challenged with the need to provide graduate education in nursing informatics across the state of Nebraska, an innovative curriculum was developed. This curriculum is integrated with other system-focused specialties (community health nursing and nursing administration) to form a Health Systems Nurse Specialist (HSNS) Program. The delivery of this curriculum was designed to be as independent of time and place as possible. Nurses especially in rural areas, have embraced this program as they can...

Heermann, Judith A.; Warren, Judith J.

2001-01-01

47

Public health nursing competencies 1953-1966: effective and efficient.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Quad Council of Public Health Nursing Organizations developed public health nursing competencies in 2003. They are guides for determining skills at two levels, and they identify public health nurses as providing care to individuals and families or to populations and systems with the nurse having proficiency, awareness, or knowledge. The primary purpose of this paper is to discuss historical nursing roles and qualifications as judged by the 2003 competencies, including educational preparation and experience for the administrative and staff nurse. The historical exemplar for the nursing roles is a combination public/private nursing association, referred to as the partnership, that took place in 1953-1966. Primary sources include archived material from the Instructive Visiting Nurse Association, Richmond, VA. Administrative responsibilities were divided between the chief nurse and the nursing supervisors. Staff nurse responsibilities included clinic activities, home visitation, and referral coordination between health care organizations. The delineation of nursing roles demonstrates nurses' meeting the 2003 competencies. Based on the Quad Council's 2003 public health nursing competencies, the partnership nurses were competent. PMID:17714233

Weierbach, Florence M

2007-01-01

48

Pathways to Nursing: A Guide to Library and Online Research in Nursing and Allied Health  

Science.gov (United States)

This timely book provides a foundation in library and electronic research in the fields of nursing and allied health. It explains essential sources and techniques that can be used by nursing students, healthcare researchers, and nurse practitioners who need to gather information independently. Pathways to Nursing covers both physical libraries and…

Tucker, Dennis C.; Craig, Paula

2004-01-01

49

Mental Health of Chinese Nurses in Hong Kong: The Roles of Nursing Stresses and Coping Strategies  

OpenAIRE

This study examined the sources of stress and mental health of nurses in Hong Kong. It also attempted to explore the functions of coping strategies in determining the stress and mental health of nurses. Results showed that more than one-third of the nurses could be considered as having poor mental health. While supervisory role produced the highest level of stress, organizational environment also created a substantial amount of stress for nurses. The most frequently used coping strategies wer...

Wong, D.

2001-01-01

50

An empirical evaluation of the adequacy of self- assessed knowledge competency in a certified population of women's health care nurse practitioners  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: From a multitude of recognized sources which include the PEW Commission, the Institute of Medicine, and the Citizen Advocacy Center as well as from healthcare consumers in general, there has been a persistent call for change in the processes used to demonstrate ongoing competency of health care professionals after initial licensure or certification in their specialty. In response to such long-standing demands for accountability, the Board of Directors of the National Certification Corporation (NCC, a nationally accredited, not-for-profit voluntary certification organization, approved development of a pilot project to address these concerns. The pilot project’s major objective was to determine if NCC- certified nurses could appropriately self-assess their areas of strength and weakness related to the knowledge competencies for the active certification examination in their specialty. And further, to determine if the accuracy of their self-assessment of competency varied across subgroups for that specialty. Methods: Study participants were selected in three separate random samples from NCC-certified Women’s Health Care Nurse Practitioners (WHNP. Common criteria used across all three sample groups included a certification maintenance cycle of 2009, stratification of the number of years of specialty experience based on NCC maintenance cycles and geographic distribution. The final sample sizes were 487, 485 and 476. Participants across all sample groups completed a survey instrument developed to obtain each individual’s self-assessment of their knowledge competency in Gynecology, Obstetrics and Primary Care as subgroups covered in their core certification examination. Once the survey tool was completed, one of three forms of a 100 item test instrument was administered. Content in each of the forms was distributed as 50% gynecology, 30% obstetrics and 20% primary care.  Sample One received a form in which all items represented entry into practice level; Sample Two was presented with items that reflected new information in the specialty field and Sample Three completed a form comprised of a combination of basic and new information. Results: The Pearson product moment correlation coefficients were calculated among the three separate self-assessed competency ratings and the four test scores (total, gynecology, obstetrics and primary care. Psychometric consideration of the results as a whole raised concerns about the substantive interpretation of correlation coefficient as an effect size and led to summary findings that did not support self-ratings as an accurate method of knowledge assessment in this population. A mechanism to directly examine knowledge competencies was recommended. In regard to the question of constituent accuracy of assessment across specialty subgroups, participants across all samples were found to be more accurate in self-assessing their weaknesses in gynecology and obstetrics than they were in primary care. Conclusions: Based on the overall findings of the pilot project, the NCC Board of Directors approved development of a Continuing Competency Initiative to transition certification maintenance from a constituent-assessed and selected continuing education process to a new format. As recommended by the study findings, the new Professional Development Maintenance Program is based on a third party administered evaluation tool to provide individualized direction for certification maintenance. 

Fran H. Byrd

2012-12-01

51

Roaming through Virginia with the public health nurse.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rural health nursing has long been considered a subspecialty within public health nursing, albeit one that required the nurse to be a generalist. In the excerpts of this article, Webb (1920) shares her observations as a State Supervising Nurse for the Red Cross in Virginia while traveling in rural areas of the state with the county public health nurses. Themes evident in these excerpts include the transportation issues associated with working in remote areas, as well as nursing work in the areas of maternal and child health, communicable diseases, case finding through health inspections, and health education. Additionally, there are themes specific to rural nursing, including distance and isolation, self-reliance, and development of trust among the rural population. In her 1922 book, The Evolution of Public Health Nursing, Annie M. Brainard identified many of these themes when she stated the ideal rural public health nurse needed to be a "school nurse, baby nurse, tuberculosis nurse, and a general visiting nurse", as well as tactful in dealing with "country people" who are "peculiarly independent and sensitive" (1985 edition, p. 303). PMID:21535115

Webb, Blanche

2011-01-01

52

Nurse work engagement impacts job outcome and nurse-assessed quality of care: model testing with nurse practice environment and nurse work characteristics as predictors  

OpenAIRE

Aim: To explore the mechanisms through which nurse practice environment dimensions, such as nurse–physician relationship, nurse management at the unit level and hospital management and organizational support, are associated with job outcomes and nurse-assessed quality of care. Mediating variables included nurse work characteristics of workload, social capital, decision latitude, as well as work engagement dimensions of vigor, dedication and absorption.

Bogaert, Peter; Heusden, Danny; Timmermans, Olaf; Franck, Erik

2014-01-01

53

[Educating a nurse for basic health care].  

Science.gov (United States)

This work aims at describing the experience of the 1st grade class in the Nursing Course at the Faculty of Medicine of Marilia (FAMEMA) in 2002. In 1998, a new Political-Pedagogical Project (PPP) was started aiming at educating a critical and reflexive professional, capable of teamwork, by promoting nursing care in a humane way. An integrated curriculum and the problematisation methodology were adopted as strategies to implement the PPP, tailoring education to the job market. Among the competencies to be developed toward basic health care, they employed a strategy to integrate 1st and 2nd grade classes in a microarea by applying the MAPP technique. PMID:15535530

Takeda, Elisabete; Otani, Márcia Padovan; Rezende, Kátia Alves; Chirelli, Mara Quaglio; Tonhom, Silvia Franco da Rocha; Nunes, Cássia Regina Rodrigues

2004-01-01

54

Community health nursing vision for 2020: shaping the future.  

Science.gov (United States)

As health care is shifting from hospital to community, community health nurses (CHNs) are directly affected. This descriptive qualitative study sought to understand priority issues currently facing CHNs, explore development of a national vision for community health nursing, and develop recommendations to shape the future of the profession moving toward the year 2020. Focus groups and key informant interviews were conducted across Canada. Five key themes were identified: community health nursing in crisis now, a flawed health care system, responding to the public, vision for the future, and CHNs as solution makers. Key recommendations include developing a common definition and vision of community health nursing, collaborating on an aggressive plan to shift to a primary health care system, developing a comprehensive social marketing strategy, refocusing basic baccalaureate education, enhancing the capacity of community health researchers and knowledge in community health nursing, and establishing a community health nursing center of excellence. PMID:20660926

Schofield, Ruth; Ganann, Rebecca; Brooks, Sandy; McGugan, Jennifer; Dalla Bona, Kim; Betker, Claire; Dilworth, Katie; Parton, Laurie; Reid-Haughian, Cheryl; Slepkov, Marlene; Watson, Cori

2011-12-01

55

Inductions buffer nurses' job stress, health and organizational commitment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Nurses suffer disproportionate levels of stress and are at risk of sickness-absence and turnover intentions but there is a lack of research clarifying preventions. This study investigated the impact of inductions (job preparation courses) about mental health for nurses' job stress, general health and organizational commitment. Data from 6,656 nurses were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM), showing that mental health inductions increase nurses' job satisfaction, which reduces their occupational stress and improves their health. SEM showed that these occupational health benefits increase the nurses' commitment to the organization. Job satisfaction (feeling valued, rewarded) also had a direct effect on nurses' intentions to continue working for the organization. Mental health inductions are therefore beneficial beyond job performance: they increase occupational health in the nursing profession. PMID:24971576

Kamau, Caroline; Medisauskaite, Asta; Lopes, Barbara

2014-06-27

56

Assessing and appraising nursing students' professional communication  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research was to define professional communication in nursing and to develop a prototype to assess and appraise communication at a selected college. The research focused on verbal and nonverbal communication between the nurse and the client using a simulated environment. The first objective was to identify the major characteristics of professional communication in nursing. In this study, the characteristics of professional communication emerged from the constant comparison method of the results of research studies in the fields of healthcare and communication. These characteristics became the elements, representative properties, and descriptive dimensions to assess and appraise verbal and nonverbal communication at the college of study. The second objective was to develop a template to assess verbal and nonverbal communication at a selected college. Using a two-fold process, the researcher used the results from the first objective to begin template construction. First, specialists in the fields of communication and nursing established the content validity of the elements, representative properties, and descriptive dimensions. Second, the course educators determined the relevancy and importance of the elements, properties, and descriptive dimensions to the objectives of two courses at the college of study. The third objective was to develop a rubric to appraise nursing students' verbal and nonverbal communication in a videotaped communication review. An appraisal rubric was constructed from an extension of the template. This rubric was then tested by faculty at the selected college to appraise the communication of five students each in the junior and senior years of the nursing program.

Diers, Jane E.

57

Issues of Qualification Assessment for Nurses in a Global Market.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nursing shortages are creating a global market for nurses. However, assessment of qualifications varies widely among nations. In Australia, for example, overseas nurses must pass English language and nursing competency assessments. Issues of equivalence, cost, and time are involved. (Includes commentaries by Paula Kay Hancock and Abigail…

Wickett, Diane; McCutcheon, Helen

2002-01-01

58

mHealth: Technology for nursing practice, education, and research  

OpenAIRE

Mobile health (mHealth) is a rapidly growing field providing the potential to enhance patient education, prevent disease, enhance diagnostics, improve treatment, lower health care costs and increase access to health care services, and advance evidence-based research. For the field of  nursing the potential capabilities of mHealth are not only for patient care but for delivery of nursing education to our future practicing nurses, providing a means of communication between healthcare professio...

Willa Marlene Doswell; Betty Braxter; Annette DeVito Dabbs; Wendy Nilsen; Mary Lou Klem

2013-01-01

59

Family health nursing: a response to the global health challenges.  

Science.gov (United States)

The European Family Health Nursing Project is a revitalized World Health Organization initiative led by the University of the West of Scotland. Partner countries include Armenia, Austria, Germany, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, and Spain. European Union Lifelong Learning funding was received in 2011 to facilitate a consistency of approach in the development of a definition of family health nursing, required core competencies and capabilities, and consequent education and training requirements. Global health challenges have informed the development of the project: increasingly aging populations, the increasing incidence in noncommunicable diseases that are currently the main cause of death, and the significant progress made in the way health systems have developed to meet the demands in relation to access and equality of health services. Governments and policy makers should develop a health workforce based on the principles of teamwork and interdisciplinarity while recognizing the core contribution of the "specialist generalist" role in the primary care setting. PMID:23288887

Martin, Paul; Duffy, Tim; Johnston, Brian; Banks, Pauline; Harkess-Murphy, Eileen; Martin, Colin R

2013-02-01

60

Forecasting the nursing workforce in a dynamic health care market.  

Science.gov (United States)

The ability to discern the interacting factors that affect supply and demand for nurses could help nurse educators and nurse leaders allocate resources to meet these needs. Forecasting models must take into account the interactions of three crucial groups of health care providers--physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician's assistants. Buerhaus has noted that market size, wages, preferences for nursing services, and availability of substitutes influence the demand for nursing services. Changes in nurse supply resulting from Medicare reimbursement for nursing services have not been studied, though it could safely be projected that such reimbursement will increase nurse supply. Nurses with baccalaureate degrees and advanced practice preparation will be in the greatest demand in ambulatory care, managed care, public health, and home care settings, raising concerns again that the educational mix is in need of adjustment upwards. PMID:9748982

Dumpe, M L; Herman, J; Young, S W

1998-01-01

61

[Nursing managers: study to assess the expectations of nursing coordinators in a Northern Italian Hospital].  

Science.gov (United States)

In modern health-care , nursing managers play a strategic role in improving the quality of care and the skills of carers, since management and leadership strategies are known to be decisive in the deployment of resources and professional development. The aim of this study is to present the opinions and expectations of nursing coordinators regarding their managerial role. During the creation of a nursing service unifying the management of 3 local health authorities in Northern Italy, with different organizational and professional features, nursing coordinators were asked to fill in a questionnaire. Results showed that a priority aspect of the managerial role is to assess the appropriateness of care and the use of resources Their answers showed that they hoped for a style of management founded on aspects related to clinical government. For the style of leadership, they emphasized dedication to work, participation of staff in decision-making, group information and providing support in areas needing improvement. Although the study was territorial , it confirmed international guide-lines regarding the policies which give value to investments in the quality of organization and can be considered a point of reference for planning and creating future nursing services. PMID:22304727

Curti, Tiziana; Scaffidi, Maria Carmela; Basso, Anna Maddalena; Garrino, Lorenza

2011-01-01

62

Health and safety risks in nursing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: professional hazards create insecurity and frustration to nurses during their clinical work. Aim of this review is to present and analyze daily risks and aggravating factors during the clinical work of nurses. Method: a systematic evaluation of the International and Greek literature findings was undertaken, according to Rogers’ model of analysis. Results: the frame of analysis showed five categories of risks which include: Biological/contagious risks, Chemical factors, Environmental/mechanical risks, Physical dangers, Psychosocial risks. Discussion: biological dangers can be dealt with by using suitable equipment for trauma avoidance and careful execution of nursing tasks. Chemical risks, including exposure to chemotherapeutic medicines, can be prevented by using protective measures such as gloves, masks, goggles and special appliances for preparing medication. The mechanical strain of the musculaskeletical system should be limited by ergonomic equipment and education, while the physical factors such as noise requires depends also on the personal sensitivity of workers. Conclusions: many preventative measures are based simply on the modification and adoption of a new behaviour and do not demand financial resources or special equipment. The strong-will for protecting the health status of nursing staff and promoting the profession are the two main drives in improving nursing working like conditions and the administration of safe care.

Fountouki A.

2010-04-01

63

The role of the community nurse in family health care  

OpenAIRE

The range of the community nurse’s work in family health care is much wider than that portrayed by the stereotype which many people, both lay and professional, have of it — namely, mother and baby clinics.

Jo, Goddard

1981-01-01

64

The Health Promoting Prison (HPP) and its imperative for nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

The World Health Organisation's (WHO) Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion in 1986 provided the catalyst from which the Health Promoting Prison (HPP) movement emerged. Here, an extensive review of the available prison-related health literature provides the basis for critical discussion and recommendations for nursing services and prison-related health care. The findings suggest that current prison-based nursing services are seriously neglected and woefully lacking in structure and resources. This article recommends strategies for reform that includes nurses who practice in all settings, and not just prison-based nurses. If nurses wish to be at the forefront of future HPP strategies, they must first embrace the radical health promotion reforms that are emerging from the current literature. Building sustainable group capacity into prison-based health care, through developing social interaction, cohesion, participation and political action can only benefit the community at large and further emphasise the health promotion role of nursing. PMID:16326167

Whitehead, Dean

2006-01-01

65

Promoting mental health nursing: employing undergraduate nursing students as assistants in mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

The difficulty in attracting graduates of nursing programmes into mental health nursing (MHN) remains an ongoing challenge. Moreover, it is frequently claimed that undergraduate nursing students do not always regard MHN favourably for future employment. Although undergraduate nurses are employed as assistants in nursing (AIN) in mental health settings, there is no published research exploring their role, the career trajectory into MHN, or its effectiveness as a recruitment strategy. In this paper, we draw on the literature to delineate factors that might contribute to the desire of AIN to work in MHN. Nine factors were identified: acceptance by nurses, fitting in with the culture, managing the workload, developing a realistic appraisal of the effectiveness and limits of psychiatry, constructive learning from direct interpersonal interactions with clients, practising communication skills, being supported in a structured way, working with positive role models, and the overall quality of the employment setting. A comprehensive understanding of these factors can enhance the experience of undergraduate nursing students working as AIN, and potentially increase recruitment into MHN. PMID:21771233

Cleary, Michelle; Horsfall, Jan; Happell, Brenda

2012-02-01

66

Assessing global partnerships in graduate nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

North-South partnerships in graduate nursing education can prepare students to address global healthcare issues, increase cultural competence, and build research capacity. However, the current literature does not include a critical and systematic assessment of partnerships using established guidelines. This paper has two objectives: 1) Find and refine a suitable measure to assess a North-South inter-institutional research and clinical partnership in nursing; 2) Pilot test an assessment measure and describe the results of a systematic institutional self-evaluation of a developing North-South research and clinical partnership within a graduate nursing program. The first objective was addressed by searching for, examining and selecting an assessment measure. The second objective was obtained by applying the assessment measure to a developing graduate-level research and clinical partnership between a Canadian School of Nursing and a Malawian College of Nursing; qualitative data collected included information from a document review and subjective experiences of partners. Results showed that when appropriate revisions are made to an existing guideline, it is applicable to use as an assessment measure for North-South inter-institutional research and clinical partnerships. Recommendations for improvement were made, allowing the guideline to be more specific for research and clinical partnerships. Results demonstrated that the existing Canadian-Malawian partnership was strongest in the guideline category of "shaping the purpose and scope of the partnership," and weakest in "partnership implementation and context." This paper implies that: 1) evaluation can strengthen partnerships and enhance educational experience for nursing students; 2) research comparing and contrasting different genres of partnerships could help determine which type is the most appropriate for an institutions' particular outcome goals; and 3) effective establishment and maintenance of North-South partnership occurs through an on-going process of evaluation. PMID:23664107

Birch, Amelia P; Tuck, Jodi; Malata, Address; Gagnon, Anita J

2013-11-01

67

Nursing services: an imperative to health care marketing  

OpenAIRE

Nurses comprise a significant portion of the work force in any health care organization. This work force is one having the maximum exposure to patients. Further, they work hand in hand with the various departments of the organization. Though an unintended consequence of nursing care, nurses form a potential marketing tool for any health care organization. In that marketing tool role, however, there are hindrances that nurses face. These may result in an unhappy work environment and potentiall...

Montoya, Isaac D.; Kimball, Olive M.

2012-01-01

68

What is good mental health nursing? A survey of Irish nurses.  

Science.gov (United States)

The practice, theory, and preparation associated with nursing people with mental health issues has changed in profound ways in recent decades. This has in part been reflected by a shift in nurses identifying as being mental health rather than psychiatric nurses. Context, theory, and values shape what it means to be a mental health nurse. Thirty experienced mental health nurses in Ireland completed a survey on what good mental health nursing is and a definition induced from their responses. Mental health nursing is a professional, client-centered, goal-directed activity based on sound evidence, focused on the growth, development, and recovery of people with complex mental health needs. It involves caring, empathic, insightful, and respectful nurses using interpersonal skills to draw upon and develop the personal resources of individuals and to facilitate change in partnership with the individual and in collaboration with friends, family, and the health care team. This appears to encapsulate the best of what it meant to be a psychiatric nurse, but challenges remain regarding how to reconcile or whether to discard coercive practices incompatible with mental health nursing. PMID:22633584

Lakeman, Richard

2012-06-01

69

Intellectual disability nursing assessment: student reflections.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nursing students, Paula and Lynda, reflect on their first academic assessment of their 4-year intellectual disability nursing course. The reflection is conducted by the second and third authors of this article, and is guided by Gibbs' (1998) cycle, highlighting the positive and negative aspects of their 'workbook' assignment during their first academic semester. Overall, the use of the workbook as an assessment method enabled the students to discover the importance of time management, attendance at lectures, database searching, referencing and academic writing. The assignment enabled the students to be more prepared for clinical practice placement, and develop a basis for future learning and knowledge of intellectual disability. PMID:22584930

Doody, Owen; McInerney, Paula; Linnane, Lynda

70

Assessing and Addressing Health Literacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The ability to communicate effectively with patients who have low health literacy depends on our ability to recognize this problem and to create a patient-centered and shame-free healthcare environment. Because of the shame and embarrassment these patients experience, they often use their well-developed coping skills to mask their limited literacy. Although a number of reading- and comprehension-assessment tools are available, there is debate whether or not these tools should be used clinically. This article provides guidance in regard to establishing an environment that promotes health literacy, assessing health literacy levels, utilizing strategies to increase health literacy, evaluating the learning that has occurred, and incorporating health literacy concepts into the nursing curriculum.

Sandy Cornett

2009-09-01

71

Palliative care awareness among Indian undergraduate health care students: A needs-assessment study to determine incorporation of palliative care education in undergraduate medical, nursing and allied health education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: Quality assurance data worldwide suggests that the current healthcare system is providing inadequate care for the dying. Current health care education focuses entirely on cure and care is almost compromised or nonexistent in end-of-life settings. The purpose of this study was to determine palliative care awareness among Indian undergraduate health care students and assess the need for incorporating palliative medicine education into undergraduate health education. Methods: A non-randomized population based study was conducted using 39-point questionnaire. Undergraduate medical, nursing and allied health students of Manipal University were the target population. Results: 326 students participated in the study. 61.7% of students feel that resuscitation is appropriate in advanced metastatic cancer. 67.5% feel that all dying patients need palliative care and most of the students think that palliative care is equivalent to pain medicine, geriatric medicine and rehabilitation medicine. 89% of students think that Morphine causes addiction in palliative care setting. 60.7% of students feel that prognosis should only be communicated to the family. Conclusion: The outcomes of the study showed that the basic knowledge of palliative care among students was inadequate, and students are unprepared and uncertain in their approach of delivering end-of-life care.

Sadhu Sakshi

2010-01-01

72

Undergraduate nursing students' attitudes towards smoking health promotion.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite the fact that nurses have a key role in health promotion, many continue to smoke at much the same rate as the general population. This paper investigates the influence of smoking status, gender, age, stage of education, and smoking duration on undergraduate nursing students' attitudes towards smoking health promotion. The study took place in one university's School of Nursing in Victoria, Australia. Respondents completed the Smoking and Health Promotion instrument. Researchers obtained ethics approval prior to commencing the study. Smoking status was the main factor that affected respondents' attitudes towards smoking health promotion, with age and education stage having a minor effect, and gender and smoking duration not significant. Nurses have an important role in modeling non-smoking behaviors for patients. There needs to be consistency between personal and professional beliefs for nurses to properly engage in smoking health promotion. The findings have implications for undergraduate nursing education curricula, nursing practice and research, and these are discussed. PMID:16083479

McCann, Terence V; Clark, Eileen; Rowe, Kathy

2005-09-01

73

Fostering expertise in occupational health nursing: levels of skill development.  

Science.gov (United States)

1. Levels of nursing expertise described by Benner--novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert--hold potential for fostering improved practice among occupational health nurses. 2. Lacking a clear understanding of the full potential of the role of the occupational health nurse, employers may not reward the development of clinical expertise that incorporates employee advocacy within the context of written standards and guidelines. 3. Expertise in occupational health nursing can be fostered by job descriptions that incorporate a broader view of nursing (one that stresses judgment and advocacy), retention and longevity, innovative strategies for consultation and collegial interaction to foster mentoring, and distance learning strategies. PMID:8694977

Rees, P G; Hays, B J

1996-02-01

74

Reimbursement for school nursing health care services: position statement.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children come to school with a variety of health conditions, varying from moderate health issues to multiple, severe chronic health illnesses that have a profound and direct impact on their ability to learn. The registered professional school nurse (hereinafter referred to as school nurse) provides medically necessary services in the school setting to improve health outcomes and promote academic achievement. The nursing services provided are reimbursable services in other health care settings, such as hospitals, clinics, and home care settings. The National Association of School Nurses (NASN) believes that school nursing services that are reimbursable nursing services in other health care systems should also be reimbursable services in the school setting, while maintaining the same high quality care delivery standards. Traditionally, local and state tax revenues targeted to fund education programs have paid for school nursing health services. School nurses are in a strategic position to advocate for improving clinical processes to better fit with community health care providers and to align reimbursements with proposed changes. Restructuring reimbursement programs will enable health care funding streams to assist in paying for school nursing services delivered to students in the school setting. Developing new innovative health financing opportunities will help to increase access, improve quality, and reduce costs. The goal is to promote a comprehensive and cost-effective health care delivery model that integrates schools, families, providers, and communities. PMID:25272416

Lowe, Janet; Cagginello, Joan; Compton, Linda

2014-09-01

75

A Learning Needs Assessment of Operating Room Nurses.  

Science.gov (United States)

Operating room nursing is not a formal part of the generic nursing curriculum. A learning needs assessment can serve to identify inservice education needs of operating nurses. In this study, a factor analysis was performed on the responses of 1,201 practicing operating room nurses to a list of 24 behaviorally-stated learning needs. Four factors,…

Pounds, Elizabeth; Littlefield, John H.

76

We cannot ignore nurses' health anymore: a synthesis of the literature on evidence-based strategies to improve nurse health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nurses are known to suffer from health problems because of the physical and stressful nature of nurses' work. With the advent of health care reform and the increasing importance of nurses to quality and cost-effective health care, the health of nurses can no longer be ignored. The purpose of this synthesis of the literature is to determine what interventions and evidence-based practices have been found that support and improve the health of nurses. Whittemore and Knafl's integrative review methodology was chosen to guide the synthesis. Eighteen studies, all conducted in clinical settings, were identified. Interventions included on-site wellness, ergonomic and exercise programs; holistic practices, including Tai Chi and massage; the use of clinical supervision; mental health programs; and the use of minimal, no lift and lift-team programs. There is a critical need for more research specifically designed to improve the health and safety of the nursing workforce. PMID:24022283

Letvak, Susan

2013-01-01

77

Health promotion in nursing: a Derridean discourse analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to identify the current position of health promotion in nursing as it relates to its practice, theory and policy and, where possible as a secondary aim, compare and contrast this against the health promotion position of other health professional groups. This was achieved using the framework of a Derridean-derived discourse analysis of existing health promotion literature specific to nurses and nursing practice. The overall process examined a 'corpus' of the literature considered exemplary texts of that kind and classification. A number of binary oppositions and tensions, in the Derridean tradition, were uncovered. Strong themes to emerge were that nursing has yet to clearly contextualize and differentiate health promotion and health education and the specific role and function of nursing. Also evident was the view that nursing-related clinical practice is yet to universally reflect the theory and language of 'general' health promotion. Furthermore, nursing has not yet demonstrated a clear and notable wider health policy/political role in formulating and implementing health promotion agendas. Although this state of affairs has existed for some time now, there is evidence that nursing knowledge and practice is changing-even if this is not a universal phenomenon. Studies, like this one, are part of the step towards a more widespread reform for health promotion in nursing. PMID:21131628

Whitehead, Dean

2011-03-01

78

Mental Health of Chinese Nurses in Hong Kong: The Roles of Nursing Stresses and Coping Strategies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examined the sources of stress and mental health of nurses in Hong Kong. It also attempted to explore the functions of coping strategies in determining the stress and mental health of nurses. Results showed that more than one-third of the nurses could be considered as having poor mental health. While supervisory role produced the highest level of stress, organizational environment also created a substantial amount of stress for nurses. The most frequently used coping strategies were positive ones, including direct action coping and positive thinking. This study confirmed the hypotheses that nurses who adopted more positive and fewer negative coping strategies had better mental health, but failed to substantiate the moderating effects of coping on stress and mental health of nurses. Changes in the hospital care delivery system and socio-cultural factors in Hong Kong were put forward to explain the results. Implications of the findings and limitations of the study were discussed.

Wong, D

2001-05-01

79

76 FR 70076 - Technical Revisions To Update Reference to the Required Assessment Tool for State Nursing Homes...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Assessment Tool for State Nursing Homes Receiving Per...Regulation Policy and Management, Room 1063B, between...Mental health programs, Nursing homes, Reporting and...Regulation Policy and Management, Office of the General...51--PER DIEM FOR NURSING HOME CARE OF...

2011-11-10

80

A Program To Educate School Nurses about Mental Health Interventions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes an educational program, which helped school nurses identify potential mental health problems. All school nurses in one district received the education, and six nurses developed and implemented practice improvement projects with at-risk students. The sessions addressed pathways to violence, therapeutic communication, and depression and…

Hootman, Janis; Houck, Gail M.; King, Mary Catherine

2002-01-01

81

Nurses' Knowledge and Responsibility toward Nutritional Assessment for Patients in Intensive Care Units  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Nutritional assessment is a prerequisite for nutritional delivery. Patients in intensive care suffer from under-nutrition and nutritional failure due to poor assessment. Nursing ability to early detect nutritional failure is the key for minimizing imparities in practice and attaining nutritional goals. Aim of this article is to examine the ability of Jordanian ICU nurses to assess the nutritional status of critically ill patients, considering biophysical and biochemical measures.Methods: This cross sectional study recruited nurses from different health sectors in Jordan. ICU nurses from the governmental sector (two hospitals and private sectors (two hospitals were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. Nurses' knowledge and responsibility towards nutritional assessment were examined.Results: A total of 220 nurses from both sectors have completed the questionnaire. Nurses were consistent in regard to knowledge, responsibility, and documentation of nutritional assessment. Nurses in the governmental hospitals inappropriately perceived the application of aspiration reduction measures. However, they scored higher in applying physical examination and anthropometric assessment.  Although both nurses claimed higher use of biochemical measurements, biophysical measurements were less frequently used. Older nurses with longer clinical experience exhibited better adherence to biophysical measurement than younger nurses.Conclusion: Nursing nutritional assessment is still suboptimal to attain nutritional goals. Assessment of body weight, history of nutrition intake, severity of illness, and function of gastrointestinal tract should be considered over measuring albumin and pre-albumin levels.  A well-defined evidence-based protocol as well as a multidisciplinary nutritional team for nutritional assessment is the best to minimize episodes of under-nutrition.

Mahmoud Al Kalaldeh

2014-09-01

82

Mental Health of Muslim Nursing Students in Thailand  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this research was to explore the mental health and well-being of Muslim nursing students in Thailand. Specifically, the study investigated the factors that impact anxiety and depression among Muslim nursing students. This cross-sectional research was conducted with a half sampling method of Muslim undergraduate students who were studying at a public nursing college in Thailand. From the 220 self-identified Muslim nursing students, 110 were sampled for this study, representing 1...

Paul Ratanasiripong

2012-01-01

83

Job satisfaction of rural public and home health nurses.  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on Vroom's expectancy theory, this study was conducted to identify differences in job satisfaction between nurses working in public health settings, and staff nurses and administrators working in both settings. Questionnaires containing an adaptation of a job satisfaction scale were mailed to all 258 registered nurses practicing in public health and home health settings (response rate 57%) in a rural midwestern state. Respondents were asked to rate their satisfaction with various dimensions of their jobs, as well as how important each aspect was to them. Although both groups of nurses reported low satisfaction with salary, public health nurses were significantly less satisfied with their salaries than were home health nurses (F = 32.96, P < or = 0.001); home health nurses, however, were significantly less satisfied with benefits/rewards (F = 11.85, P < or = 0.001), task requirements (F = 8.37, P < or = 0.05), and professional status (F = 5.30, P < or = 0.05). Although administrators did not differ significantly from staff nurses on job satisfaction, they did perceive organizational climate (F = 4.50, P < or = 0.05) to be an important feature of satisfaction. These differences may be partially explained by divergent salaries, roles, and responsibilities between public health and home health nurses. PMID:8516258

Juhl, N; Dunkin, J W; Stratton, T; Geller, J; Ludtke, R

1993-03-01

84

[Taiwan occupational health nursing: practices, policies and future trends].  

Science.gov (United States)

The steady evolution of domestic industries and the continued expansion of the workforce have outdated Taiwan's traditional model of occupational health nursing, which focuses on preventing work-related diseases and ensuring workplace safety. Professional-competency evaluations, now widely used within the medical and other professional communities to confirm that individuals have mastered relevant knowledge and skills, are a fixture in service quality management and related strategies. Occupational health nurses have a critical role in promoting and ensuring the quality of occupational-health related services. A multifaceted strategy is needed to update the domestic model of occupational health nursing. This strategy should include: 1) Set professional standards and create standard teaching materials for national occupational health nurses; 2) Enhance the professional efficacy of nurses in this field; 3) Survey the relevant role functions and education/training needs of occupational health nurses; 4) Develop relevant elective courses; and 5) Format courses/curricula for e-learning and for multimedia platforms. Furthermore, after implementation of this strategy, the model should be evaluated in terms of the knowledge and skills acquired by occupational health nurses. It is hoped that by reflecting local needs and experiences this new model will update the field of occupational health nursing to meet the needs of the current and future workplace in Taiwan and increase nursing knowledge and skills in order to foster and sustain healthy workplace environments. PMID:24899556

Chang, Pei-Jen

2014-06-01

85

mHealth: Technology for nursing practice, education, and research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mobile health (mHealth is a rapidly growing field providing the potential to enhance patient education, prevent disease, enhance diagnostics, improve treatment, lower health care costs and increase access to health care services, and advance evidence-based research. For the field of  nursing the potential capabilities of mHealth are not only for patient care but for delivery of nursing education to our future practicing nurses, providing a means of communication between healthcare professionals located close and at greater geographic distances, and provides access to information and personal monitoring for geographically isolated clients. Although mHealth capabilities’ value appears significant for training, and practice, there remains a significant need for research and evaluation of the devices that now appearing in the health care marketplace. The National Institute of Nursing Research’s strategic plan includes supporting research to develop and test the flood of health apps to assist clients in the management of their health. The purposes of this paper are to: 1 discuss the importance of mHealth in nursing practice, education, and research, and 2 describe the mHealth initiatives underway at the University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing as exemplars to stimulate mHealth research and promote nursing role in providing health care to patients in this age of information technology.

Willa Marlene Doswell

2013-03-01

86

Assessment of Acute Pain in Nursing Practice in Latvia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: International Association for the Study of Pain defines pain as annoying sensations and emotions associated with actual or potential tissue damage or is described as such damage. Pains always are considered to be subjective sensations with multidimensional nature composed from physical, emotional and cognitive components. One of the main tasks in pain syndrome effective therapy is the option to perform objective assessment of pain intensity and quality utilizing principle of continuity. Independent surveys on pain management in postoperative period are performed in different countries of the world. Studies analyze effectiveness of both - medical and non-medical measurements in order to reduce pain syndrome. Very few investigations of chronic and acute pain influence on recovery process, progress and outcome of illness, assessment of pain intensity and quality are performed in Latvia. In the case of acute pain chronification, pain perception and management can be changed; pains become inadequately long lasting and may combine with psychogenic pains. According to the data obtained by the World Health Organization, fifty percent patients after injuries or operations have severe and insufferable pains despite the development of acute pain treatment and care. Insufficiently controlled postoperative pains become a risk factor for development of various abnormalities. Aim of the study: To study the usage of postoperative period pain intensity and quality assessment scales in the clinical practice of nursing, as well as availability of these methodsMaterial and methods: Survey utilizes quantitative research method. As an investigation tool was chosen questionnaire. Survey was carried out in the surgical profile wards in Riga and regional clinics of Latvia. Questionnaire embraced 309 nurses, working in the surgical profile.Results: Assessment of acute pains should be considered as the fifth vital sign providing more successful achievement of aims in pain care. Respondents recognize that in pain assessment pain evaluation scales are rarely used. In clinical practice prevails assessment of patient’s subjective condition. Only 5% of nurses – respondents utilize visual analogue scale, 22% - verbal pain scale, 16% - numerical pain rating scale. Investigation data confirm the role of professional experience of nurse in organization of pain assessment and care work, because 98% of respondents mention pain assessment as a constituent of nursing. Conclusions: One of the main objectives in effective therapy of pain syndrome is the possibility to perform objective assessment of pain intensity and quality. This objective should be achieved only with a help of shared team work – nurse, physician, anesthetist and other medical staff.

Iveta Strode

2011-04-01

87

Collaborative learning and competence development in school health nursing  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process and learning outcomes of peer collaboration in a Danish health developmental project in school health nursing. The paper explores how peer collaboration influences the school nurses’ collaborative learning and competence development. Design/methodology/approach The article is based on data from a three-year health educational development project at primary schools in Denmark. These data are a) Observations from 12 reflective workshops with school nurses b) Two questionnaire surveys c) 5 focus group interviews with 5 of the 6 subprojects after the project was over. In the workshops, the questionnaire surveys and the focus group interviews the school nurses were asked to reflect on the developmental process, their collaboration, own and mutual pedagogical competence development. Findings Systematic peer collaboration between school nurses’ qualify a) their learning and ability to reflect on practice b) their communication with colleagues and children c) the development of new and innovative approaches to school health nursing. The introduction of peer collaboration, however, takes time and energy and it can be challenge to introduce peer collaboration in a working culture in which school nurses traditionally work alone under a prominent work and time pressure. Research limitations/implications The study is explorative. Further research may explore the connection between collaborative learning among school nurses and the development of their competences in school health nursing. Practical implications The paper outlines how and why collaboration among school nurses should be introduced in a more systematic way in school health nursing. Originality/value The paper investigates the connection between informal educational activities for SNs and possible learning outcomes for practice. Specifically the paper looks into different ways SNs collaborate and the findings contribute to new understandings of how SNs practice can be organisedin order to stimulate the nurses’ participation and collaborative learning and increase the quality of school health nursing.

Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Wistoft, Karen

2012-01-01

88

Health Habits of Nursing versus Non-nursing Students: A Longitudinal Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Health Habits Inventory was completed at two time intervals by 71 nursing and 83 other students. Nursing students scored higher in health habits and improved significantly over 2 years, especially in such behaviors as eating breakfast, performing self-exams, reading food labels, wearing seatbelts, and exercising. (SK)

Shriver, Cathy B.; Scott-Stiles, Anne

2000-01-01

89

CE: The obesity epidemic, part 2: nursing assessment and intervention.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although there are many gaps in our understanding of the mechanisms underlying obesity, several nursing strategies have proven effective in combating this public health crisis. This article, the second in a two-part series, presents a theoretical framework to guide nursing assessment of affected patients and their families, thereby informing intervention. The authors discuss the effects of stigma and bias on the treatment of obesity; how to conduct a thorough assessment of an obese patient; the effectiveness of the most common lifestyle, pharmacologic, and surgical interventions for obesity; and issues to consider in the treatment of obese children. Part 1, which appeared in last month's issue, provided background on the epidemic; defined terms used in obesity treatment; and described pathophysiologic, psychological, and social factors that influence weight control. PMID:25500484

Budd, Geraldine M; Peterson, Jane Anthony

2015-01-01

90

Developing a community mental health nursing handover form.  

Science.gov (United States)

While nursing handovers are predominantly used in ward settings, this essential form of communication is also used by community mental health teams to promote continuity of care. A community mental health nursing handover form was developed to overcome poor communication of patient information. It is expected that the form will increase efficiency and reduce handover time by focusing on pertinent and current patient information. Implementation of a community mental health nursing handover form requires the willingness of staff to be proactive and embrace change. The involvement of nurse leaders is essential to implement successful change, overcome barriers and motivate staff. PMID:23855158

Burleton, Laurie

91

Important interactional strategies for everyday public health nursing practice.  

Science.gov (United States)

This Clinical Concepts article concerns the relational tools required by public health nurses to establish relationships with single mothers living on public assistance, mothers who are vulnerable and often stigmatized. The implications of stigmatization for relationship building are highlighted based on previous research investigating how public health nurses working in Canadian jurisdictions establish professional caring relationships with this cohort of mothers. Public health nurses employed interactional strategies including engaging in a positive manner and offering verbal commendations which served as effective relational tools to break through mothers' walls of defensiveness and to resume the dynamic process of relationship building. Building Relationship is a key practice standard for public health nurses and is instrumental to their work at both individual and community levels to improve social determinants of health. The author concludes with recommendations to facilitate building relationships during everyday public health nursing practice. PMID:24320117

Porr, Caroline J

2015-01-01

92

Why companies should hire a nurse as health care manager.  

Science.gov (United States)

Saving money from the day of hiring and bringing hard-to-duplicate knowledge and skills to the job, an experienced professional nurse can be the best possible manager of a company's health care activities and expenditures. One of a small but growing number of corporate nurse/health care managers explains what sets nurses apart and what credentials and qualities an employer should seek in a job candidate. PMID:10288361

Maiaroto, M

1988-01-01

93

Nurses’ competencies in primary health care: a Delphy technique study  

OpenAIRE

An investigation on nurses´ primary health care practice was developed to identify and analyze nurses’ general and specific competencies at the Brazilian Health System. This quantitative-qualitative research adopted the Delphi Technique as a method of study. Two groups of participants were selected. Fifty-two nurses and fifty-seven specialists accepted to participate in the study. Questionnaires were developed for data collection, including a Likert scale. A 75 percentage was adopted as a ...

Witt, Regina R.; Maria Cecília Puntel de Almeida; Vivian Elizabeth Araujo

2006-01-01

94

Evaluation of Child Health Matters: A Web-Based Tutorial to Enhance School Nurses' Communications with Families about Weight-Related Health  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of the current study was to assess the efficacy and acceptability of a web-based tutorial (Child Health Matters, CHM) designed to improve school nurses' communications with families about pediatric weight-related health issues. Using a randomized wait-list control design, a nationally representative sample of school nurses was…

Steele, Ric G.; Wu, Yelena P.; Cushing, Christopher C.; Jensen, Chad D.

2013-01-01

95

Collaborative Learning and Competence Development in School Health Nursing  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process and learning outcomes of peer collaboration in a Danish health developmental project in school health nursing. The paper explores how peer collaboration influences the school nurses' collaborative learning and competence development. Design/methodology/approach: The article is based…

Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Wistoft, Karen

2012-01-01

96

Reframing E-Assessment: Building Professional Nursing and Academic Attributes in a First Year Nursing Course  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper documents the relationships between pedagogy and e-assessment in two nursing courses offered at the University of Southern Queensland, Australia. The courses are designed to build the academic, numeracy and technological attributes student nurses need if they are to succeed at the university and in the nursing profession. The paper…

Lawrence, Jill; Loch, Birgit; Galligan, Linda

2008-01-01

97

A modern history of psychiatric-mental health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper discusses the progression of developments in psychiatric-mental health nursing from the 1960s to the present. The 1960s were a time of shortage of psychiatric APRNs, with legislation expanding the availability of mental health services. We find ourselves in a similar time with 7 million new health insurance enrollees, because of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The expansion of health insurance coverage comes at a time when some colleges of nursing are closing master's programs in psychiatric-mental health, in lieu of the DNP mandate from the American Association of Colleges of Nursing. Is history repeating itself? PMID:25634875

Hein, Laura C; Scharer, Kathleen M

2015-02-01

98

Community nurses' child protection role: views of public health nurses in Ireland.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Public health nurses in Ireland are generalist practitioners with a wide range of roles that address the needs of clients in the community across their lifespan. Child protection is one of many of the roles of Irish public health nurses. However, with increasing caseloads, birth rates and aging populations, their child protection role is becoming more difficult to define and practise safely. This paper presents a key finding of a qualitative study that explored the views of a group of public health nurses (n = 10) regarding their role with pre-school children. A significant theme following analysis of the interviews were the nurses\\' expressed concerns on their role in child protection. There is a need to define the role practised by public health nurses in child protection and to achieve a standard for this nationally.

Kent, Susan

2011-11-01

99

Assessment of selected quality fields of nursing care in neurosurgical wards: a prospective study of 530 people – multicenter studies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Robert ?lusarz,1 Monika Biercewicz,2 Ewa Barczykowska,3 Beata Haor,4 Mariola G?owacka5 1Neurological and Neurosurgical Nursing Department, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Bydgoszcz, 2Clinic of Geriatrics, 3Nursing Department, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, 4Faculty of Health Science, University of Humanities and Economics in Wloclawek, Wloclawek, 5Institute of Health Sciences, State School of Higher Professional Education in Plock, Plock, Poland Background: One of the elements influencing the assessment of nursing care quality is the assessment of the nurse’s functions that determine the nurse’s particular tasks. The aim of this work was to assess selected tasks involved in the nurse’s caring function, which influence nursing care quality on neurosurgical wards, on the basis of patients’ and nursing staff’s opinions.Materials and methods: The research was carried out on neurosurgical wards in Poland on a group of 455 patients and 75 nurses. In order to assess nursing care quality, an author’s original questionnaire (Questionnaire – Patient Satisfaction was used.Results: Statistically significant differences concerned particular groups (both patients and nurses in the assessment of selected issues: providing information about performed activities and operations (P=0.000 and P=0.040, respecting personal dignity and assuring discretion during the operations (P=0.000 and P=0.001, speed of response to patient’s requests (P=0.000 and P=0.000, time availability of nurses for the patient (P=0.000 and P=0.000, providing information about further self-care at home (P=0.032, P=0.008, and nurses’ attitude (kindness, courtesy, tenderness, care to patients (patient’s assessment only P=0.000.Conclusion: Selected tasks in the field of the caring function of nurses were assessed differently by particular groups. There were no statistically significant differences in the assessment of particular tasks in the opinions of patients and nurses, which means that both examined groups similarly assessed tasks involved in the nurse’s caring function, which influence nursing care quality. Keywords: care quality, caring function, nurse, neurosurgery

?lusarz R

2014-08-01

100

Public Health Nurses’ Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Climate Change  

OpenAIRE

Background: Climate change affects human health, and health departments are urged to act to reduce the severity of these impacts. Yet little is known about the perspective of public health nurses—the largest component of the public health workforce—regarding their roles in addressing health impacts of climate change.

Polivka, Barbara J.; Chaudry, Rosemary V.; Mac Crawford, John

2011-01-01

101

Forensic nursing. Applications in the occupational health setting.  

Science.gov (United States)

1. Nurses are inherent investigators through the use of observation, data gathering, and documentation techniques. 2. Occupational health nurses may be involved in assisting with or evaluating workplace accidents, injuries, and deaths. These investigations may be the only critical information gathered. 3. Accurate and through investigations are critical for clients, physicians, insurance companies, medical investigators, law enforcement, legal proceedings, and the company. Utilizing improper techniques during accident investigations could potentially dismiss a litigation case or lead to hazardous situations. 4. The occupational health nurse can improve practices related to investigations by understanding and learning more about forensic nursing. PMID:9043220

Pozzi, C L

1996-11-01

102

[The present situation of occupational health nursing education and how to apply it to the fundamental nursing system].  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to determine the present situation of occupational health nursing (OHN) education and to discuss future problems facing the fundamental nursing teaching staff. We conducted a questionnaire among fundamental nursing teachers, and our results showed that in occupational health nursing there is a gap between what is being taught at present and what the teaching staff thinks should be taught. In addition, the questionnaire showed that nursing teachers desire to teach such subjects as understanding of clients, health problems, methods of health management, the definition of OHN and concrete care in OHN, from 2 to 10 hours in the community health nursing course of the future. Because we believe that occupational health nurses can acquire a deeper knowledge and practice in continuous training, including postgraduate training, than in a fundamental nursing course, we suggest that there is the problem of how to combine fundamental nursing and continuous education in the future should be carefully studied. PMID:11431965

Yamase, Y; Nobuchika, H; Ishimatsu, N

2001-06-01

103

School Nurses' Perceptions and Practices of Assisting Students in Obtaining Public Health Insurance  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: From January through June 2009, 6.1 million children were uninsured in the United States. On average, students with health insurance are healthier and as a result are more likely to be academically successful. Some schools help students obtain health insurance with the help of school nurses. Methods: This study assessed public school…

Rickard, Megan L.; Hendershot, Candace; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Price, James H.; Thompson, Amy

2010-01-01

104

Roles of nurses in tele-health services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Lately, advances in science and technology showed their impact also in healthcare services, inuencing the formation of new service areas such as tele-health and tele-nursing. Tele-health services help especially care management and improving life qualities of clients with chronic diseases. Furthermore, decreasing the care cost is also aimed, via reducing hospital and emergency referrals and incidence of house care visits. Nurses, who possess an important part in the tele-health system, have roles such as critical thinking, producing knowledge, communication and using innovations. In this study, roles of nurses in tele-health services are analyzed.

Berrin Pazar

2015-01-01

105

Innovations in community health nursing: examples from practice.  

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The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion is cited internationally as an appropriate conceptual framework for healthcare service delivery yet the literature reveals minimal evidence of nursing services interpreting and applying the Ottawa Charter strategies into nursing practice. Nurses with the community services of Noarlunga Health Services and the Drug and Alcohol Services Council of South Australia, however, do use the strategies to plan and implement their services. The Ottawa Charter strategies of developing personal skills; creating supportive environments; strengthening community action; building healthy public policy; and re-orienting services in the interest of health can be used as a tool to assist nurses to identify the purpose of their interventions and select a comprehensive range of nursing actions which address the needs of individuals while acknowledging the broader determinants of health. This article presents a nursing analysis of the Charter and provides examples of how the strategies are used to influence nursing practice in both organizations. The examples provided from the two different nursing services also demonstrate the adaptability and relevance of the strategies to diverse community nursing practice settings. PMID:9355440

Cusack, L; Smith, M; Byrnes, T

1997-06-01

106

Organizational Variables on Nurses’ Job Performance in Turkey: Nursing Assessments  

OpenAIRE

Background: The purpose of this study was to describe the influence of organizational variables on hospital staff nurses’ job performance as reported by staff nurses in two cities in Turkey. Hospital ownership status, employment status were examined for their effect on this influence.Methods: The reported influence of organizational variables on job performance was measured by a questionnaire developed for this study. Nurses were asked to evaluate the influence of 28 organizational variable...

Mehmet Top

2013-01-01

107

Nurse’s action in the wait-room: a question of health’s promotion  

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Full Text Available Objective: to search in specific nursing literature productions that highlights the performing of waiting room with elderly people. Methodology the approach used was descriptive about the waiting room next to the elderly. For the development of this research was used as a source for the survey of scientific production, the Virtual Health Library (VHL. We selected three databases for the search of studies: LILACS BEDENF, SCIELO. The operationalization of the survey was used keywords, since the term waiting room is not understood as a descriptor. Thus, we used the following words: waiting room and Nursing, with “booleadores” and in free form. Results: the study allowed to point that the literature about this subject is short. Conclusion: productions are not focusing the witting room as an activity for the elderly one, although it may serve as a space for experience exchange, a stimulus for the exercise of citizenship and health promotion.

Maíra Muniz Assis, Selma Petra Chaves Sá, Acácia Vidon, Vilma Duarte Câmara, Giselle Evangelista, Marcelle Nolasco, Wilayne Atanázio dos Santos

2010-05-01

108

Promoting the 6Cs of nursing in patient assessment.  

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Recognising the deteriorating patient is an essential nursing skill, and structured frameworks should be in place to assist effective patient assessment. The aim of this article is to encourage nurses to consider how to promote the 6Cs of nursing within such assessment. The article provides an overview of the Patient Assessment and Clinical-reasoning Tool designed to facilitate the development of clinical reasoning skills and effective communication with other healthcare professionals, thereby enhancing patient-centred care. PMID:24985305

Clarke, Chris

2014-07-01

109

Factors associated with psychological distress of Public Health Nurse in Kagawa prefecture, Japan: A pilot study  

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Full Text Available We evaluated the psychological distress using a scale of the K6, the 6-item scale of psychological distress on public health nurse in Kagawa prefecture, Japan. We send the questionnaire to all public health nurses (n = 419 in Kagawa prefecture. Then, a total of 256 public health nurses (1 man and 255 women, had completely answered the questionnaires, were analyzed in a cross-sectional investigation study. The association between psychological distress and considerable factors were evaluated by using the K6, with psychological distress defined as 13 or more points out of a total of 24 points. A total of 15 public health nurses (5.9% were defined as psychological distress. Clear relationships between the K6 score and age, experience duration as public health nurse were not noted. The K6 score in subjects with anxiety of preventing suicide was significantly higher than that without. In addition, the K6 score in subjects who feel their own mental status was excellent was also lower than that in subjects without that. In conclusion, some factors might be associated with psychological distress, as assessed by the K6, in public health nurse in Kagawa prefecture, Japan.

Wataru Shiraki

2012-03-01

110

Creating a brand image for public health nursing.  

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Public health nurses (PHNs) have declined as a proportion of both the nursing and the public health workforces in the past 2 decades. This decline comes as 30 states report public health nursing as the sector most affected in the overall public health shortage. Taken together, these data point to a need for renewed recruitment efforts. However, the current public images of nurses are primarily those of professionals employed in hospital settings. Therefore, this paper describes the development of a marketable image aimed at increasing the visibility and public awareness of PHNs and their work. Such a brand image was seen as a precursor to increasing applications for PHN positions. A multimethod qualitative sequential approach guided the branding endeavor. From the thoughts of public health nursing students, faculty, and practitioners came artists' renditions of four award-winning posters. These posters portray public health nursing-incorporating its image, location of practice, and levels of protection afforded the community. Since their initial unveiling, these posters have been distributed by request throughout the United States and Canada. The overwhelming response serves to underline the previous void of current professional images of public health nursing and the need for brand images to aid with recruitment. PMID:21198816

Baldwin, Kathleen A; Lyons, Roberta L; Issel, L Michele

2011-01-01

111

Nursing care at new mental health services - experience report  

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The nursing attendance in mental health has been changing your paradigm, such as psychiatric remodeling and the new role assumed by the nurses. This study aims to describe the activities developed for a group of nursing academics during the practical process of teaching-learning applied at patients with mental disease in therapeutic phase. It is an experience report developed at a Psychosocial Support Center located at the city of Fortaleza-Ceará in the period held from September to November...

Tahissa Frota Cavalcante; Nirla Gomes Guedes; Rafaella Pessoa Moreira; Tatiane Gomes Guedes; Michell Ângelo Marques Araújo

2006-01-01

112

Nurse Faculty Enrichment and Competency Development in Oral-Systemic Health  

OpenAIRE

Nurses are positioned to play a significant role in oral health promotion and disease prevention across the life cycle. Oral health has not been a high priority in nursing practice, and educating nurses about oral health has been inadequate particularly regarding the interrelationship between oral health and overall health. The first step for developing a nursing workforce with core competencies in oral health promotion and disease prevention is to prepare nurse faculty with the requisite kno...

Dolce, Maria C.

2012-01-01

113

Elementary school nurse interventions: attendance and health outcomes.  

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Regular school attendance is a necessary part of the learning process; student absenteeism has a direct association with poor academic performance. School nurses can influence student attendance. This study describes the impact of school nurse interventions on student absenteeism and student health. A retrospective review of 240 randomly selected elementary student health folders and attendance records was conducted. School nurses were involved with 75% of high-absence students as compared to 66% of low-absence students; they were also more involved with students who had previously identified health conditions. There were no referrals to the school nurse for absenteeism and school nurse interventions were not targeted to attendance, despite 17% of students missing 11 or more school days. Nursing documentation was sparse and primarily task related. Few records contained entries of nursing diagnoses, interventions, or outcomes. Of the 134 interventions provided, only 56 (41.2%) had some information about the condition outcome, but it was insufficient to determine the effectiveness of nursing interventions. Furthermore, the record system did not support the collection of standard information for interventions or outcomes from which effectiveness could be determined. Recommendations include establishment of an attendance referral policy and improved documentation systems, including the use of standardized nursing language to demonstrate student outcomes. PMID:17394381

Weismuller, Penny C; Grasska, Merry A; Alexander, Marilyn; White, Catherine G; Kramer, Pat

2007-04-01

114

Elementary Rehabilitation Nursing Care; a Manual for Nurses and Ancillary Workers in Nursing Homes, Hospitals, Convalescent Facilities, and Public Health Agencies. Public Health Service Publication No. 1436.  

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This guide for teacher and student use presents a comprehensive program of physical rehabilitation for aged and physically disabled patients. Developed by the Public Health Nursing Section, the manual was tested by state health department personnel and persons doing inservice teaching in their respective nursing homes. The program is designed to…

Colorado State Dept. of Public Health, Denver. Public Health Nursing Section.

115

Enfermagem na saúde da criança: estudo bibliográfico acerca da avaliação nutricional La enfermería en la salud del niño: estudio bibliográfico sobre la evaluación nutricional Nursing in child's health: bibliography study on assessment nutritional  

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Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a produção científica acerca da atuação do enfermeiro na saúde nutricional da criança. Estudo bibliográfico realizado entre abril e maio de 2008, nas bases de dados online, com descritores: avaliação nutricional, antropometria, crescimento, criança. Critérios de inclusão: saúde infantil na avaliação nutricional, enfermeiro/autor e artigos publicados entre 2000 e 2007. Encontraram-se 15 artigos nos seguintes anos: 2000 (1, 2001 (1, 2002 (2, 2003 (4, 2005 (1, 2006 (3 e 2007 (3. Periódicos inscritos nas áreas: enfermagem (1, nutrição (1, saúde pública (3 e médica (1. Tipo de estudo: epidemiológicos (1, descritivos (5, transversais (7, longitudinal (1, estudo de caso (1, revisão de literatura (1 e relato de experiência (1. Unidades temáticas: avaliação nutricional mediante acompanhamento do crescimento e desenvolvimento infantil; fatores determinantes da nutrição infantil e avaliação nutricional como cuidado de enfermagem. Ressalta-se que o enfermeiro tem buscado fundamentação teórica e prática para cuidar da criança com déficit nutricional.Analizar la producción científica que existe sobre el papel que desempeña el enfermero en la salud nutricional del niño. Estudio bibliográfico desarrollado entre abril y mayo/2008 usando bases de datos en línea, a través de los siguientes descriptores: evaluación nutricional, antropometría, crecimiento, niño. Se aplicaron los siguientes criterios de inclusión: salud infantil en la evaluación nutricional, enfermero/autor y artículos publicados entre 2000 y 2007. Se encontraron 15 artículos en los años: 2000 (1, 2001 (1, 2002 (2, 2003 (4, 2005 (1, 2006 (3 e 2007 (3. Periódicos inscriptos en las áreas: enfermería (1, nutrición (1, salud pública (3 y médica (1. Tipo de estudio: epidemiológicos (1, descriptivos (5, transversales (7, longitudinales (1, estudio de caso (1, revisión de literatura (1 y relato de experiencia (1. Unidades temáticas: evaluación nutricional mediante acompañamiento del crecimiento y desarrollo infantil; factores determinantes de la nutrición infantil y evaluación nutricional como cuidado de la enfermería. Descata el hecho que el enfermero ha buscado desarrollar una fundamentación teórico/práctica para cuidar del niño con déficit nutricional.To examine the scientific production about the role of nurses in the nutritional health of child. Bibliographic study, held between April and May 2008 in on line databases, with descriptors: nutritional assessment, anthropometry, growth, child. Criteria for inclusion: child health in nutrition assessment, nurse / author and articles published between 2000 and 2007. Meeting 15 articles in the years: 2000 (1, 2001 (1, 2002 (2, 2003 (4, 2005 (1, 2006 (3 e 2007 (3. Regular subscribers in the areas: nursing (1, nutrition (1, health (3 and medical (1. Type of study: epidemiological (1, descriptive (5, Cross (7, longitudinal (1, the case study (1, review of literature (1 and report of experience (1. Thematic units: nutritional assessment by the monitoring of growth and child development by nurses; determinants of children's nutrition and nutritional assessment and nursing care. It is emphasized that the nurse has sought theoretical and practical reasons to take care of children with nutritional deficiency.

Flávia Paula Magalhães Monteiro

2010-06-01

116

The health-related behaviors and attitudes of student nurses  

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Nurses are an important component of primary medical care, and patient education is a common and important role of most nurses. Patient education and positive role modeling by nurses have the potential to influence patients' life style choices and the serious diseases that may be affected by those choices. A greater understanding of the ways nurses think about their own health could help facilitate healthier choices for them and in their patients. The purpose of this inquiry was to examine the experiences, attitudes and beliefs of student nurses related to their personal health, and to investigate those experiences, attitudes and beliefs as they relate to their education, relationships, values and career choice. The purpose was achieved through phenomenological interviews with eleven senior nursing students, nine females and two males, encouraging them to provide in as much detail as possible their attitudes and values about their personal health. The interviews were tape recorded, transcribed verbatim, and phenomenologically analyzed. A thematic structure emerged such that the nursing students experiences were represented by the four interrelated themes of caring for myself/caring for others ; I control my health/my world controls my health; I have energy/I'm tired; and feeling good/looking good. The contextual grounds for the themes that emerged during the analysis were the Body and Time. This structure was presented in terms of its relationship to health education, other research and to current theory.

Vowell, Maribeth

117

Elementary School Nurse Interventions: Attendance and Health Outcomes  

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Regular school attendance is a necessary part of the learning process; student absenteeism has a direct association with poor academic performance. School nurses can influence student attendance. This study describes the impact of school nurse interventions on student absenteeism and student health. A retrospective review of 240 randomly selected…

Weismuller, Penny C.; Grasska, Merry A.; Alexander, Marilyn; White, Catherine G.; Kramer, Pat

2007-01-01

118

[The role and future task of the occupational health nurse].  

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The Industrial Safety and Health Act was enacted focusing on occupational disease prevention in 1972. It has been revised over the years to include consideration of work associated diseases, and the participation and cooperation of employer and employees. From now, positive participation of employer-and-employees in occupational health activity becomes important in order to achieve the expanded purpose of the law. It is necessary to empower all workers to be able to perform occupational health activity independently. Florence Nightingale defined nursing in the 1850's. "Nursing is to put the patient in the best condition by improvement of environment, including a population approach. The goal of nursing is to enable the patient to use his faculty fully." The Public Health Nurse is, "assistance to the process of solving one's health, identifying health issues based on a community, using systematic measures which lead to prevention, and aiming at public responsibility." The daily activity of Nurses including Occupational Health Nurses (OHNs) is based on the theory and technology of "empowerment". In promoting the employer-and-employees independent Occupational Safety and Health Activity, the OHN's professional specialty of "empowerment" can play an important role. PMID:24107335

Ikeda, Tomoko

2013-10-01

119

Let's talk about sex: promoting staff dialogue on a mental health nursing unit.  

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The purpose of this study was to develop and assess a staff development intervention seeking to promote dialogue about client sexuality in a mental health setting. Fifteen staff and two nurse managers from a single psychiatric inpatient unit participated. Major themes influencing practice regarding client sexuality were explored, and nursing strategies used by participants were analyzed. The intervention, which in this case focused on client sexuality, serves as a potential model for staff development specialists seeking to develop care in important areas of nursing practice. PMID:21119377

Wright, David; Pugnaire-Gros, Catherine

2010-01-01

120

Establishing a Nursing Student Learning Center for Women's Reproductive Health in Nepal  

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Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to describe the establishment of a self-sustaining Student Learning Center (SLC employing humanistic anatomical models to aid in the teaching of family planning and reproductive health clinical skills to nursing students in Nepal. In response to a local needs assessment a plan was developed to implement more thorough training of nursing students in family planning clinical skills. Nepalese nursing leaders worked together with a U.S. Non-Governmental Organization (NGO to implement this project. This paper details the need for the SLCs, the content and structure of the SLCs, and the process of establishing an SLC at Tribhuvan University, Maharjgunj Nursing Campus in Kathmandu, the largest of all nursing campuses in Nepal.

Knecht, S.I

2001-08-01

121

Health promotion overview: evidence-based strategies for occupational health nursing practice.  

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Health promotion practice has evolved over the past four decades in response to the rising rates of chronic disease. The focus of health promotion is attaining wellness by managing modifiable risk factors, such as smoking, diet, or physical activity. Occupational health nurses are often asked to conduct worksite health promotion programs for individuals or groups, yet may be unfamiliar with evidence-based strategies. Occupational health nurses should lead interprofessional groups in designing and implementing worksite health promotion programs. This article introduces occupational health nurses to health promotion concepts and discusses evidence-based theories and planning models that can be easily introduced into practice. PMID:25101931

Dombrowski, Jill J; Snelling, Anastasia M; Kalicki, Michelle

2014-08-01

122

The importance of communication for clinical leaders in mental health nursing: the perspective of nurses working in mental health.  

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Communication has been identified as an important attribute of clinical leadership in nursing. However, there is a paucity of research on its relevance in mental health nursing. This article presents the findings of a grounded theory informed study exploring the attributes and characteristics required for effective clinical leadership in mental health nursing, specifically the views of nurses working in mental health about the importance of effective communication in day to day clinical leadership. In-depth interviews were conducted to gain insight into the participants' experiences and views on clinical leadership in mental health nursing. The data that emerged from these interviews were constantly compared and reviewed, ensuring that any themes that emerged were based on the participants' own experiences and views. Participants recognized that effective communication was one of the attributes of effective clinical leadership and they considered communication as essential for successful working relationships and improved learning experiences for junior staff and students in mental health nursing. Four main themes emerged: choice of language; relationships; nonverbal communication, and listening and relevance. Participants identified that clinical leadership in mental health nursing requires effective communication skills, which enables the development of effective working relationships with others that allows them to contribute to the retention of staff, improved outcomes for clients, and the development of the profession. PMID:24131413

Ennis, Gary; Happell, Brenda; Broadbent, Marc; Reid-Searl, Kerry

2013-11-01

123

The training of nurses for the family health strategy  

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Full Text Available Objective: to think about the formation of the nursing senior student having family health strategy as a base. Methodology: this paper describes a bibliographic research done based on Virtual Health Library (BVS - Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde on the site Scientific Electronic Library on-line (Scielo and Latin-America and Caribbean Literature in Health Science (Lilacs, along the period of 2002 to 2009 in Portuguese. For the selection of the articles were the following keywords: national health care system, family health, education, nursing. The selection was made using an instrument constructed for this purpose. After the analysis, which were performed independently by three researchers were selected from 13 publications that had relation with the theme. Result: the Family Health Strategy demand a special profile from the professionals who must change the individual /illness/ cure approach to a holistic assistance promoting health in a integrated way. Under these perspectives it´s necessary a reformulation in the nursing graduation curriculum having projects centered in the student working together theory and practice and adapting to the epidemiology profile in which it is inserted. Although there have been changes for the graduating students, there are still some gaps and challenges to be overcome. Conclusion: the importance of an early introduction of ESF subject is emphasize in order to promote the nurse formation making him/her able to work bearing this interdisciplinary perspective in mind at SUS matching with this new demand of health profile. Descriptors: single health system; health family; education; nursing.

Alyne Gonçalves, Eid Lara de Araújo Reis, Natalia C. A. Araujo, Cristiane Aparecida Silveira

2010-07-01

124

Adherence of pain assessment to the German national standard for pain management in 12 nursing homes  

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BACKGROUND: Pain is very common among nursing home residents. The assessment of pain is a prerequisite for effective multiprofessional pain management. Within the framework of the German health services research project, ‘Action Alliance Pain-Free City Muenster’, the authors investigated pain assessment adherence according to the German national Expert Standard for Pain Management in Nursing, which is a general standard applicable to all chronic/acute pain-affected persons and highly recommended for practice. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the state of pain assessment and to identify need for improvement in 12 nursing homes in a German city. METHODS: In the present study, the authors used an ex-post-facto design (survey methodology). Available written policies for routine pain assessment in residents ?65 years of age were reviewed and a standardized online survey completed by 151 of 349 nurses in 12 nursing home facilities was conducted between September 2010 and April 2011. RESULTS: Most of the included nursing homes provided written policies for pain assessment, and the majority of nurses reported that they assess and regularly reassess pain. However, observational tools for residents with severe cognitive impairment and written reassessment schedules were lacking in many facilities or were inconsistent. CONCLUSIONS: Essentially, pain assessment appeared to be feasible in the majority of the German nursing homes studied. However, the absence or inconsistency of reassessment schedules indicate that pain management guidelines should include a detailed and explicit reassessment schedule for the heterogenic needs of nursing home residents. For residents with severe cognitive impairment, assessment tools are needed that are simple to use and clearly indicate the presence or absence of pain. PMID:24851238

Osterbrink, Jürgen; Bauer, Zsuzsa; Mitterlehner, Barbara; Gnass, Irmela; Kutschar, Patrick

2014-01-01

125

Faith Community Nursing: Supporting Mental Health during Life Transitions  

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Faith Community Nurses consider community cultural practices an essential component in understanding how to effectively support an individual’s mental health during important life transitions. Additionally, as part of their practice, Faith Community Nurses seek to understand how religious beliefs and life transitions such as marriage, divorce, birth, death, and illness impact on spiritual and mental health care. The emotional tolls of family separations due to wars, unexpected life events, ...

Anaebere, Ann Kiki; Delilly, Carol Rose

2012-01-01

126

Competency-based curriculum education in mental health nursing  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: The essential problems in providing quality and safety services to patients, rapid changes in health care settings as well as information technology require educational revision. Competency-based curriculum focuses on set of skills that students should achieve. This study reviewed characteristics of competency-based curriculum in psychiatric nursing. Methods: A literature review about a competency-based curriculum in psychiatric mental health nursing was carried out by sear...

Jamileh Mohtashami; Mahvash Salsali; Mehrnoosh Pazargadi; Homan Manoochehri; Hamid Alavi Majd

2013-01-01

127

Infusing Oral Health Care into Nursing Curriculum: Addressing Preventive Health in Aging and Disability  

OpenAIRE

Access to oral health care is essential for promoting and maintaining overall health and well-being, yet oral health disparities exist among vulnerable and underserved populations. While nurses make up the largest portion of the health care work force, educational preparation to address oral health needs of elders and persons with disabilities is limited across nursing curricula. This descriptive study reports on the interdisciplinary development, implementation, and testing of an oral health...

Nancy Guenther; Paul Glassman; Young Kee Markham; Leah FitzGerald; Joan Earle Hahn

2012-01-01

128

A service-learning experience to teach baccalaureate nursing students about health policy.  

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Incorporating health promotion strategies in practice, and in particular within healthy public policy based on the Ottawa Charter, is widely recognized as within the mandate of nursing, although evidence suggests that nurses are reluctant to take on this role. An innovative strategy was developed to facilitate baccalaureate nursing students' learning about healthy public policy by immersing them in a real-world service-learning experience. Students partnered with a population, assessed the determinants of health, and implemented a population health promotion strategy that included attention to a health policy issue. Students identified strengths and weaknesses of the existing policy and were required to propose recommendations for change that addressed the social justice issues. Students presented their work to faculty, students, and community partners and developed a written position paper on the topic. Students evaluated the service-learning experience as an excellent experiential learning opportunity. PMID:21417191

O'Brien-Larivée, Catherine

2011-06-01

129

Factors influencing nursing students' acceptance of electronic health records for nursing education (EHRNE) software program.  

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The Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the Health Information Technology Act (2009) in America had recommended that electronic health records (EHRs) should be fully adopted by 2014. This has urged educational institutions to prepare healthcare professionals to be competent in using electronic health records (EHRs) while they are in schools. To equip nursing students with competency in using EHRs, an electronic health record for nursing education (EHRNE) has been developed and integrated it into nursing curricula. The purposes of the study were to investigate the factors influencing nursing students' acceptance of the EHRs in nursing education using the extended Technology Acceptance Model with self-efficacy as a conceptual framework. The study is a descriptive study design using self-reported questionnaires with 212 student participants. The IBM SPSS and AMOS 22.0 were used to analyze the data. The results showed that attitude toward using the EHRNE was the most influential factor on students' acceptance. The preliminary findings suggested that to enhance the students' acceptance of the EHRNE, cultivation of a positive attitude toward using this EHR as well as increasing the perceived usefulness is very important. Also, the study's framework could be used in guiding learning health informatics and be applied to nursing students. PMID:24947068

Kowitlawakul, Yanika; Chan, Sally Wai Chi; Pulcini, Joyce; Wang, Wenru

2015-01-01

130

Business law. Fundamentals for the occupational health nurse.  

Science.gov (United States)

1. A basic understanding of the judicial system will enable occupational health nurses to read court opinions and have a better understanding of whether or how they or their companies are affected by the decision. With this knowledge, occupational health nurses can help their organization avoid legal liability by ensuring that the company does not act contrary to the decisions of the controlling courts. 2. As they are often involved in the process of contracting for goods and services, occupational health nurses need to be aware of general contract terminology and negotiating techniques so they will be better able to protect their companies. In addition, occupational health nurses can also assist in the actual contract drafting process with knowledge of a few concepts, such as the description, caption, operative language of the agreement, and definitions, of a contract. 3. Occupational health nurses are often called upon to be expert witnesses and can play an integral part in the litigation process. Because of the importance of expert witnesses, occupational health nurses must have an understanding of how to effectively provide expert witness testimony. PMID:12033091

D'Arruda, Kimberley A

2002-05-01

131

Home visits as a strategy for health promotion by nursing  

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Full Text Available Objective: To analyze the domiciliary visit performed by nurses in the Family Health Strategy as an activity to promote health. Methods: Exploratory/descriptive study with qualitative approach. The subjects were nine nurses of the Primary Health Units from Health Districts in Maceió-AL. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews in the months from April to August 2012 and were analyzed using content analysis and in light of the theoretical framework of Health Promotion. Results: The nurses recognize that the domiciliary visit can be a way to promote the health of individuals, families and community, but, in daily life, action maintains focus on disease, with curative actions of individual character, which do not take into account the social context where the user and his family are inserted. Conclusion: It is considered that the use of home visits by nurses in the family health strategy as a health promotion activity is still incipient because, although the nurses recognize the need for change in the model of care, in practice, it is observed that the focus of this action is directed to the biological model. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5020/18061230.2013.p513

Jucelia Salgueiro Nascimento

2014-09-01

132

Analysis of knowledge and practice of nurses about assessment of pain in the hospital context  

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Full Text Available Objective: to examine knowledge and practices of nurses about pain assessment in the hospital context. Method: this is about a descriptive and analytical cut of an assistance-converging research held in a private hospital at Fortaleza-Ceará, in 2007, approved by the Ethics Committee of Research of Ceara State University (Protocol nº07336264-6. It was applied structured interview with 15 nurses about pain assessment in practice, being performed qualitative data analysis and presentation of results in thematic categories. Results: it was identified that pain is predominantly conceptualized as an unpleasant sensation for humans, because it indicates that something is not right in the body. Pain assessment happens mainly with the evaluation of verbal report of the patient, the pain features and the signs/symptoms associated with painful situacions. About the treatment, the drug is still the prevailing opinion of the nurses, being cited: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, opioids and simple analgesics. Regarding non-pharmacological measures, were cited: the application of cold or heat, promoting peaceful environment, clarification of the procedure and condition of the patient, among others. Conclusion: nurses had demonstrate articulated knowledge and practices about pain management, but was not routinely evaluate it systematically, showing urgently the need to incorporate educational programs about pain assessment in nursing courses and health services in general. Descriptors: pain; pain measurement; nursing; nurses; hospital care.

Roberta Meneses Oliveira, Lucilane Maria Sales da Silva, Ilse Maria Tigre de Arruda Leitão

2010-07-01

133

The African Health Profession Regulatory Collaborative for Nurses and Midwives  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background More than thirty-five sub-Saharan African countries have severe health workforce shortages. Many also struggle with a mismatch between the knowledge and competencies of health professionals and the needs of the populations they serve. Addressing these workforce challenges requires collaboration among health and education stakeholders and reform of health worker regulations. Health professional regulatory bodies, such as nursing and midwifery councils, have the mandate to reform regulations yet often do not have the resources or expertise to do so. In 2011, the United States of America Centers for Disease Control and Prevention began a four-year initiative to increase the collaboration among national stakeholders and help strengthen the capacity of health professional regulatory bodies to reform national regulatory frameworks. The initiative is called the African Health Regulatory Collaborative for Nurses and Midwives. This article describes the African Health Regulatory Collaborative for Nurses and Midwives and discusses its importance in implementing and sustaining national, regional, and global workforce initiatives. Discussion The African Health Profession Regulatory Collaborative for Nurses and Midwives convenes leaders responsible for regulation from 14 countries in East, Central and Southern Africa. It provides a high profile, south-to-south collaboration to assist countries in implementing joint approaches to problems affecting the health workforce. Implemented in partnership with Emory University, the Commonwealth Secretariat, and the East, Central and Southern African College of Nursing, this initiative also supports four to five countries per year in implementing locally-designed regulation improvement projects. Over time, the African Health Regulatory Collaborative for Nurses and Midwives will help to increase the regulatory capacity of health professional organizations and ultimately improve regulation and professional standards in this region of Africa. The African Health Regulatory Collaborative for Nurses and Midwives will measure the progress of country projects and conduct an annual evaluation of the initiative’s regional impact, thereby contributing to the global evidence base of health workforce interventions. Conclusion The African Health Regulatory Collaborative for Nurses and Midwives is designed to address priority needs in health workforce development and improve regulation of the health workforce. This model may assist others countries and regions facing similar workforce challenges.

McCarthy Carey F

2012-08-01

134

International Dimensions of Nursing and Health Care in Baccalaureate and Higher Degree Nursing Programs in the United States.  

Science.gov (United States)

Results of a national survey of undergraduate and graduate nursing programs to determine the extent of curriculum content and faculty training in international health issues are reported. The importance of this aspect of nursing education is discussed. (MSE)

Mooneyhan, Esther L.; And Others

1986-01-01

135

What is nursing in the 21st century and what does the 21st century health system require of nursing?  

Science.gov (United States)

It is frequently claimed that nursing is vital to the safe, humane provision of health care and health service to our populations. It is also recognized however, that nursing is a costly health care resource that must be used effectively and efficiently. There is a growing recognition, from within the nursing profession, health care policy makers and society, of the need to analyse the contribution of nursing to health care and its costs. This becomes increasingly pertinent and urgent in a situation, such as that existing in Ireland, where the current financial crisis has lead to public sector employment moratoria, staff cuts and staffing deficits, combined with increased patient expectation, escalating health care costs, and a health care system restructuring and reform agenda. Such factors, increasingly common internationally, make the identification and effective use of the nursing contribution to health care an issue of international importance. This paper seeks to explore the nature of nursing and the function of the nurse within a 21st century health care system, with a focus on the Irish context. However, this analysis fits into and is relevant to the international context and discussion regarding the nursing workforce. This paper uses recent empirical studies exploring the domains of activity and focus of nursing, together with nurses perceptions of their role and work environment, in order to connect those findings with core conceptual questions about the nature and function of nursing. PMID:24320979

Scott, P Anne; Matthews, Anne; Kirwan, Marcia

2014-01-01

136

Advanced practice nurses in integrated health care systems.  

Science.gov (United States)

Changes in the health care delivery system are discussed with a view to those affecting the role and use of advanced practice nurses and particularly nurse practitioners who provide primary and reproductive care to women. Nurse practitioners are particularly well suited to function within integrated systems. They accomplish cost-containment strategies because of lower salaries or fees, fewer invasive procedures, greater compliance by patients, and increased nonpharmacologic treatments. They collaborate with all providers of primary care and enhance communication with patients. They develop clinical pathways for professionals and for patients and their families and support the use of guidelines and protocols to enhance standards of practice. It is suggested that women will become powerful consumers and that nurse practitioners are especially versed, not only in providing routine screening and episodic care, but also in teaching self-care, providing developmental and emotional support, and increasing compliance for health promotion and disease prevention. A high demand exists for education as an advanced practice nurse. Although many educational programs are moving to the master's degree, standardized educational levels are urged as a means for professionals and consumers to better understand advanced practice nursing roles. The need for nurse practitioners in the primary care market-place is demonstrated, but the system is in a state of flux, and the roles may not be used appropriately. Nurse practitioners should help to define new jobs and be assertive in negotiating for positions. PMID:9087907

Sinclair, B P

1997-01-01

137

Nurses’ competencies in primary health care: a Delphy technique study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An investigation on nurses´ primary health care practice was developed to identify and analyze nurses’ general and specific competencies at the Brazilian Health System. This quantitative-qualitative research adopted the Delphi Technique as a method of study. Two groups of participants were selected. Fifty-two nurses and fifty-seven specialists accepted to participate in the study. Questionnaires were developed for data collection, including a Likert scale. A 75 percentage was adopted as a consensus criterion for scores 4 or 5 of this scale. Results showed 17 general and 8 specific competencies for the nursing group and 19 general and 9 specific competencies for the specialist group. These competencies were classified into ten areas of domain. This paper presents and discusses health care competencies found in this investigation.

Regina R Witt

2006-12-01

138

The health of nurses aged over 50 in New Zealand.  

Science.gov (United States)

The mean age of registered nurses in New Zealand has been rising steadily, and 40% are now aged 50 or over (Nursing Council of New Zealand [NCNZ], 2010). However little is known of this cohort's health-related quality of life. An anonymous on-line survey was emailed to nurses aged over 50 years and members of the New Zealand Nurses Organisation in February and March 2012. Quantitative and qualitative analyses of the 3,273 responses received were undertaken. Nurses aged over 50 remaining in the workforce report their health-related quality of life as better for all measures than standardised scores for age-matched women in New Zealand. Nurses working in more physical environments report higher pain scores than those working in less physical environments, and nurses reporting lower levels of health-related quality of life are more likely to retire sooner and to move to more casual and flexible hours of work as they age. PMID:24099229

Clendon, Jill; Walker, Léonie

2013-08-01

139

Mental Health Survey on Shift Work Nurses in Shiraz Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: There are no occupational health data concerning the prevalence of mental disorders in Iranian hospital nurses. Such information may be a prerequisite for efficient occupational mental health interventions. The aim of this study was to determine mental health status among shift work hospital nurses.Materials and Methods: This paper reports the findings of a cross-sectional survey that was part of a larger quasi-experimental study. We selected and evaluated 1195 nurses in 12 general hospitals in Shiraz (capital of Fars Province, using the 28-item version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ. We used structured observations in accordance with an occupational health checklist to assess working environment during the work period.Results: Results indicated that 28.7% of nurses were in poor mental health. Mental disease was more common among females than males (p<0.05. Prevalence rates for anxiety and somatic symptoms were 42.2% and 35.5% respectively. The prevalence of depression was 11.9% and social dysfunction, 79.5%. There was a significant relationship between shift work and anxiety as well as sleep disorders (p< 0.05. Associations were also found between marital status and depression and between gender and social dysfunction (p< 0.001. Conclusion: Prevalence figures for mental disorders are similar to those from nationwide surveys but it seems that social dysfunction and anxiety disorders are more common in nurses compared to the general population aged 15 and over. More attention must be paid to the health of shift work nurses (especially female staff. This can take the form of shift work health education programs, occupational health counseling, and periodic examinations.

H Kakooei

2007-09-01

140

Implementing family health nursing in Tajikistan: from policy to practice in primary health care reform  

OpenAIRE

The health systems of former Soviet Union countries are undergoing reform away from the highly centralised, resource-intensive, specialised and hierarchical Soviet system, towards a more generalist, efficient health service with greater focus on primary health care. Family Health Nursing is a new model designed by WHO Europe in which skilled generalist community nurses deliver primary health care to local communities. This paper presents a qualitative evaluation of the implementation of Famil...

Parfitt, Barbara Ann; Cornish, Flora

2007-01-01

141

Assessing the attitudes and perceptions towards nursing profession among nursing students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nursing education is a challenge in a developing country like India. This cross sectional study assessed the attitudes and perceptions of nursing professionals and their desired future practices. The study was conducted using a modified version of Beliefs, Attitudes and Perceived Practice questionnaire among 129 students who were undergoing undergraduate nursing programme at a selected college of nursing in Bangalore. Data was analysed and interpreted by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Forty-four (34.1%) of the subjects agreed that they were enrolled of their own interest; 43 (33.3%) of them reported that they enrolled in nursing out of their own interest and also to improve their financial situations. Only 4 (3.1%) stated that they have to protect the rights and dignity of the patients. 45 (34.9%) of the subjects indicated that the nurse-patient relationship should be both professional and a relation of sympathy. Upon graduation 69 (53.5%) of the subjects preferred to pursue the nursing career, 36 (27.9%) in academics, 12 (9.30%) wanted to change the profession. Nearly 63 (48.8%) of the subjects agreed that social prejudice has a great influence on nursing students in choosing nursing profession as their career. An urgent need is seen in the area of educating nursing students regarding patient's rights. There is also a need to improve the image of nurses in the society to attract more number of students into this noble profession. Counselling and introduction to nursing course should be introduced by all the universities, to develop positive attitudes towards nursing profession. PMID:23534180

Poreddi, Vijayalakshmi; Ramachandra; Konduru, Reddemma; Math, Suresh Bada

2012-02-01

142

Functionalism and holism: community nurses' perceptions of health.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports the results of a study that was designed to explore and examine the perceptions of two groups of newly qualified community nurses about the factors they considered to be embedded within the concepts of health, health-enhancing behaviours at individual, family and community levels and their 'innermost self'. The research was exploratory in nature, and included two sample groups: group 1 comprised 16 newly qualified health visitors; group 2 comprised 16 newly qualified community mental health nurses. Purposive sampling was used and data were collected using semi-structured interviews. The group of health visitors perceived health in terms of physical fitness and functional states. At a global level they perceived the need to provide education on health matters. They gave generously to 'charities' and perceived the 'inner self' as 'that part that matters'. The group of community mental health nurses perceived health in terms of holism and being states. Their concept of health was related to listening to each individual's perception of what is 'right' and 'health-enhancing' for them. At a global level they considered the protection of the ozone layer and the promotion of a just and equitable society which focused on the reduction of poverty, to be key health-enhancing activities. They perceived their 'innermost self' to be 'that part of me that makes life worth living', and the soul. The findings have implications for developing new and creative approaches for teaching the holistic concept of health and healing. Educational activities could be designed which strive to ensure that nurses themselves have safe and health embracing opportunities for exploring all the elements that are embedded within the topic of health. Their role in facilitating holistic health promoting activities for all clients also needs to be addressed. PMID:11820541

Long, A; Baxter, R

2001-05-01

143

Practical implications of pre-employment nurse assessments.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hiring nurses is a difficult task that can have serious repercussions for medical facilities. If nurses without proper skills are hired, patients can suffer from insufficient quality of care and potentially life-threatening conditions. Nurse applicants' technical knowledge is extremely important to avoid negative outcomes; however, there are soft skills that factor into their success, such as bedside manner, personality, communication, and decision making. In order for medical facilities to select and maintain high-performing nurse staff, hiring managers must incorporate evaluations for these types of skills in their hiring process. The current study focused on using content/criterion-related validation design to create assessments by which nurse applicants can be evaluated for both technical knowledge/skills and soft skills. The study included participation of more than 876 nursing staff members. To rank applicants on divergent skills, 3 assessment types were investigated, resulting in the creation of an assessment with 3 components. The clinical, situational, and behavioral components that were created measure applicants' job knowledge, interpersonal competency in medical facility-related situations, and aspects of personality and behavior, respectively. Results indicate that using the assessment can predict 45% of a nurse applicant's future job performance. Practical implications include hiring and maintaining a higher quality of nurses and decreased hiring costs. PMID:23629042

Kuthy, James E; Ramon, Cheree; Gonzalez, Ronald; Biddle, Dan A

2013-01-01

144

Onboard System Health Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

Viewgraphs and discussion of onboard system health assessment are presented. Success of the space station program will be measured by how well it addresses the basic requirements for (1) maintaining the orbiting Space Station Freedom fully operational for its projected life of thirty years, and (2) the cost-effective execution of the overall space station program. Onboard system health assessment must provide complete and thorough testing capabilities along with effective associated redundancy/fault management.

Barry, Tom; Cunningham, Harry

1990-01-01

145

[The nurse answers for health in social inequalities: the development of the nursing critical paradigm.].  

Science.gov (United States)

Until the early Eighties, critical social theory as a philosophical orientation informing nursing science, theory development and practice did not exist. Interest on this topic began to arise only after the mid-Eighties. In fact, nursing scholars questioned the validity of empiricism as the historical foundation for nursing science and the limitations of interpretivism in strengthening nursing knowledge, and thus started to focus on the lack of epistemological perspectives in nursing, giving particular prominence to the peculiar social, political, historical and economic conditions involving those who needed nursing care. The theoretical reflection began to develop, like the empirical paradigm, the post-positivist paradigm and, later, the interpretative paradigm, expanded thanks to the early works by Martha Rogers and Rosemarie Rizzo Parse, were seen as unable to address issues related to power inequities, structural constraints and oppression suffered by vulnerable groups such as the homeless, mental health individuals, people affected by HIV+ and other infectious diseases, unemployed, etc.. Empiricism and interpretative paradigms did not manage to bridge the gap between theory and praxis, and a new theoretical and philosophical approach gradually gained ground. This paradigm, based on critical social theory, was developed by distinguished scholars and intellectuals, such as Max Horkheimer, Theodor Adorno, Herbert Marcuse of the Frankfurt School in the Thirties, and, in recent years, by Giddens, Bourdieu, Foucault, Habermas. On this social field the first works of Allen, Thompson, Stevens, Campbell and Bunting, Kendall, allowed to work out a new paradigmatic nursing approach that would have predicted the employment of the critical theory for particular nursing aspects, as a conceptual framework for nursing education, as a paradigm to carry out participatory action-research and for the development of the discipline. The purpose of this article was to describe this new paradigmatic nursing approach. In this way, we hope to give emphasis to the epistemological debate that should characterize a discipline that has undertaken by now, also in Italy, the characteristics of a scientific and a fully epistemological validity. PMID:17786173

Rocco, Gennaro; Stievano, Alessandro

2007-01-01

146

A controlled vocabulary for nursing and allied health in Norway  

OpenAIRE

Nursing and allied health libraries at educational institutions in Norway have generally indexed their book collections with uncontrolled terms. With the reorganization of higher education in 1994, the majority of these libraries joined BIBSYS, which is a joint library system for higher education and research in Norway. This has led to chaos when searching the joint catalogue for literature on nursing and related fields. A term such as ‘behaviour problems’ may have up to ...

Flor, Patricia; Jakobsson, Arne; Mogset, Ingrid; Taylor, Solveig; Aasen, Sigrun Espelien

2001-01-01

147

Thoughts about conceptual models of nursing and health policies.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this essay, we present a conceptual framework for analysis and evaluation of sexuality education health policies based on the conceptual model of nursing and health policy and the Neuman systems model. The framework is intended to facilitate understanding of sexuality education policies promulgated by the governments of any country in the world. PMID:25520471

Aronowitz, Teri; Fawcett, Jacqueline

2015-01-01

148

Nursing considerations for dual diagnosis in mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

It is the intention of this literature review to present suggestions for nursing practice with reference to the care of the dually diagnosed. Nursing care of the dually diagnosed client is complex. Clinicians from both drug and alcohol services and mental health services have long recognized that neither service area provides adequate clinical care to those clients who have a dual diagnosis of substance abuse and mental illness. It is now > 10 years since a ground-breaking Australian study recognized this. To ascertain whether there has been improvement in the service management of clients who have a dual diagnosis, and to determine the best practice interventions in the area of mental health nursing, we undertook a review of the literature. The databases CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycARTICLES and PsychINFO were searched and 185 articles met the inclusion criteria. From this review, it seems that gaps still remain in the provision of services and that mental health nurses might be best placed to provide integrated care to those clients who have a dual diagnosis and present to mental health services. This requires mental health nurses to have skills in substance use detection and knowledge of potential care implications for the client in the context of their substance use. PMID:19335524

Edward, Karen-Leigh; Munro, Ian

2009-04-01

149

Using an academic-community partnership model and blended learning to advance community health nursing pedagogy.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes a model of teaching community health nursing that evolved from a long-term partnership with a community with limited existing health programs. The partnership supported RN-BSN students' integration in the community and resulted in reciprocal gains for faculty, students and community members. Community clients accessed public health services as a result of the partnership. A blended learning approach that combines face-to-face interactions, service learning and online activities was utilized to enhance students' learning. Following classroom sessions, students actively participated in community-based educational process through comprehensive health needs assessments, planning and implementation of disease prevention and health promotion activities for community clients. Such active involvement in an underserved community deepened students' awareness of the fundamentals of community health practice. Students were challenged to view public health from a broader perspective while analyzing the impacts of social determinants of health on underserved populations. Through asynchronous online interactions, students synthesized classroom and community activities through critical thinking. This paper describes a model for teaching community health nursing that informs students' learning through blended learning, and meets the demands for community health nursing services delivery. PMID:24720659

Ezeonwu, Mabel; Berkowitz, Bobbie; Vlasses, Frances R

2014-01-01

150

Genomic-Based Health Care in Nursing: A Bidirectional Approach to Bringing Genetics into Nursing's Body of Knowledge.  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of 15 genetics nurses reveals both grassroots and top-down approaches to advancing genetics in nursing practice, research, and education. As genome-based health care spreads, nursing should concentrate on bringing genetics into clinical practice and scholarship. (Contains 33 references.) (SK)

Lea, Dale Halsey; Feetham, Suzanne L.; Monsen, Rita Black

2002-01-01

151

What do people need psychiatric and mental health nurses for?  

Science.gov (United States)

The study reported here aimed to describe, by consulting with psychiatric practitioners of different disciplines, what people in contact with mental health services need nurses for, in terms of core nursing activity. Yet, recent trends have also been towards consumer-led definitions of good practice. The views of service and ex-service users can contribute much to an exploration of the role of psychiatric and mental health nurses and these perspectives were incorporated into the study. Given the lack of existing theory, a qualitative, grounded theory methodology was selected. In order to generate data rich enough for the analysis, focus groups of psychiatric nurses, social workers, service users, psychiatrists, carers and professions allied to medicine were sampled (13 groups, n=92) on the basis of the themes emerging from the data. Using critical incident technique (Flanagan 1954), the groups were invited to give examples of effective and ineffective nursing interventions, in relation to specific patient needs. The taped material was transcribed and analysed with the help of a computer package (QSR NUD.IST). This led to the selection of a core category, 'knowing you, knowing me', which described service users' and professionals' expectations that nurses are best placed to second guess the needs of patients and present themselves accordingly. Thus, nurses were expected, moment by moment, to know whether to be the patient's friend, a friendly professional, or take a more distant professional stance. The continuum entails different levels of knowledge and power, different language forms and different approaches to structuring time. Nurses themselves are most likely to prefer a position of friendly professional, from which they can move to a more intimate or distant role. Further study is needed to explore how nurses predict patients' expectations of them using a symbolic interactionist framework. PMID:10672096

Jackson, S; Stevenson, C

2000-02-01

152

Human Capital Questionnaire (PHCQ): Assessment of European nurses' perception as indicators of human capital quality  

OpenAIRE

Healthcare accreditation models generally include indicators related to healthcare employees' perceptions (e.g. satisfaction, career development, and health safety). During the accreditation process, organizations are asked to demonstrate the methods with which assessments are made. However, none of the models provide standardized systems for the assessment of employees. In this study, we analyzed the psychometric properties of an instrument for the assessment of nurses' perceptions as indica...

Yepes I Baldo?, Montserrat; Romeo Delgado, Marina; Berger, Rita

2012-01-01

153

Perception and Needs in Health Education Curriculum among School Nurses as Health Teachers in Korea  

Science.gov (United States)

The study investigated perceived effectiveness and perceived barriers to health education curriculum targeting school nurses as health teachers in Korea. A total of 741 health teachers participated. The questionnaire included perceived effectiveness and perceived barriers to health education curriculum, future roles of health teachers, and needs…

Lee, Gyu Young; Ham, Ok Kyung

2013-01-01

154

Registered nurses' self-efficacy for assessing and responding to woman abuse in emergency department settings.  

Science.gov (United States)

Enhanced knowledge regarding the factors that influence and support the self-efficacy of emergency department (ED) registered nurses and their provision of care to women who have experienced abuse is necessary for the promotion of optimal health care. The purpose of this study was to examine the self-efficacy of registered nurses with respect to assessing and responding to woman abuse in the ED. Study hypotheses and research questions were derived from Bandura's theory of self-efficacy. A secondary analysis (N = 158) of data from the Violence against Women: Health Care Provider Survey was completed. Originally, survey questions were not developed to operationalize the concepts outlined by Bandura. However, they were found to be good indicators. Four scales were developed from the item pool, validated through factor analysis and used to operationalize study variables. Positive relationships were found between self-efficacy information available to ED registered nurses and their self-efficacy for assessing and responding to woman abuse (r= .73, p self-efficacy expectations, and actual clinical responses related to woman abuse (r= .55, p self-efficacy information, self-efficacy expectations and outcome expectancies predicted ED registered nurses' clinical responses to woman abuse. Overall, the model explained 40% of the variance in ED registered nurses' clinical responses to woman abuse. Results provide additional support for Bandura's theory and demonstrate that the clinical responses of ED registered nurses are complex and must be understood in terms of self-efficacy and the factors that support its development. PMID:17290955

Hollingsworth, Erin; Ford-Gilboe, Marilyn

2006-12-01

155

[Hospital clinical experience: meanings for Family Health resident nurses].  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative research in phenomenological design aimed at understanding the meaning of hospital clinical experience in the nurse's training in a Multiprofessional Family Health Residency. The study was developed in a teaching institution. Data collection was based on interviews and had as study population eight resident nurses. I investigated the residents' experience according to their speeches, by making the following guiding question: "Talk about your hospital experience, how does it show itself in your training as a resident"? One open category emerged from the subject' description: Causing to approach the hospital experience and the Primary Health Care. Among the meanings attributed to the hospital experience, there is the need and relevance as an integrant part of the curriculum vitae of the Multiprofessional Family Health Residency for the nurses. PMID:21308222

Landim, Simone Alves; Batista, Nildo Alves; da Silva, Gilberto Tadeu Reis

2010-01-01

156

Competency-based curriculum education in mental health nursing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: The essential problems in providing quality and safety services to patients, rapid changes in health care settings as well as information technology require educational revision. Competency-based curriculum focuses on set of skills that students should achieve. This study reviewed characteristics of competency-based curriculum in psychiatric nursing. Methods: A literature review about a competency-based curriculum in psychiatric mental health nursing was carried out by searching databases including Iran Medex, Iran Doc, and Pub Med with key words such as competency-based education, competency-based curriculum, and competency-based curriculum in psychiatric mental health nursing. No time limitation was considered. Results: Results revealed that over 30 literatures have been done about nursing curriculum, but just several studies were done regarding competency-based curriculum and just a few about competency-based curriculum in psychiatric mental health nursing. Conclusion: Competency-based curriculum development is one of the essential steps to facilitate teaching-learning process. The revision of curriculum may decrease theory-practice gap and pave the way for graduates to have essential competences for their roles.

Jamileh Mohtashami

2013-12-01

157

Assessments of Safe Medication Administration in Nursing Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: QSEN has a variety of suggested strategies for teaching safe medication administration; however they do not have a recommendation for how to assess it.  The purpose of this study was to gain information on how safe medication administration is assessed in nursing education.Methods: A survey was developed to identify methods used by nursing faculty members to assess nursing students’ knowledge and skills of safe medication administration.  The specific research questions addressed in the survey were: 1 How is safe medication administration assessed prior to students entering the clinical area, 2 How is safe medication administration assessed during clinical, 3 How is knowledge of “right drug” assessed in the classroom and 4 How is knowledge of “right dose” assessed in the classroom setting. Results: The results of the survey indicated no standardized method for assessing safe medication administration in nursing education.Conclusions: There is much variation in how and when safe medication administration is assessed in the education setting. There is a need for a valid and reliable comprehensive assessment of safe medication administration in order to evaluate whether nursing students have the knowledge, skills and attitude to safely administrate medications.

Kelly J. Gonzales

2012-01-01

158

Survey of knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in nurses of community-based health services in Hainan province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To assess the knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR among the nurses ( n= 302 of community-based health services in Hainan province of China, a survey was made by randomized stratified cluster sampling using self-designed questionnaires. The passing rate for qualification of the knowledge of CPR was found to be very low in Hainan province (23.18 %. A significant difference of regions and different educational level among the nurses were also noticed (P<0.01. It may be concluded from the study that nurses of community-based health services in Hainan province lack the basic knowledge of CPR, especially in rural region.

CHEN Xiu-zhen

2008-12-01

159

Nursing in the Next Decade: Implications for Health Care and for Patient Safety  

OpenAIRE

Nursing faces yet another divergence between demand and supply that is evidenced in insufficient nurse staffing with significant implications for patient safety. Many believe this shortage of registered nurses is entrenched in long-standing problems related to the value and image of nursing and the limited role nursing has had in identifying priorities within health care delivery systems. Nursing's Agenda for the Future is a plan resulting from the experience and wisdom of a broad representat...

Kany, K.

2004-01-01

160

Shift work a reality in life and health nurses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The need to provide care 24 hours of the day, 365 days of the year, means for nurses, compulsory work in a system of rotating shifts, including the realization of nights. This system has repercussions on the life, health and well-being of nurses.In order to identify evidence on the relationship between the work to shift and/or night the health and well-being of nurses and develop recommendations to improve the adaptation to the system of rotating shifts and/or night, have carried out a review of the literature.After detailed analysis of the literature, we can conclude that the quality of the care provided is in direct relation to the health and well-being of the nursing professional. Implement measures to reduce the physical, psychic, social and family wear must be priority, being necessary to educate professionals, families, society and business. Among the recommendations highlight, those directed to the company; set realistic goals, to reduce workloads in the night shift adapting them to the actual number of nurses, flexible schedules and recommendations addressed to the professional related: diet, sleep, exercise, family life and social hygiene. The implementation of these measures will mean: increase satisfaction, reduce absenteeism, increase productivity, reduce the number of errors and decrease spending.

Mª Mercedes Gago López

2013-05-01

161

Nursing Assessment and Intervention to Geriatric Patients Discharged From Emergency Department  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background: Geriatric patients recently discharged from hospital are at risk of unplanned readmissions and admission to nursing home. When discharged directly from Emergency Department (ED) the risk increases, as time pressure often requires focus on the presenting problem, although 80 % of geriatric patients have complex and often unresolved caring needs. Objective: To examine the effect of a two-stage nursing assessment and intervention to address the patients uncompensated problems given just after discharge from ED and one and six months after. Method: We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial with follow-up at one and six months. Included were patients >70 at increased risk of readmission and functional decline (had an ISAR 1 score of 2-6 points) and discharged home in the period 16th of February 2009 to 31st of January 2011, N=271. Intervention: A nurse did a brief nursing assessment comprising a checklist of 10 physical, mental, medical and social items. The focus was on unresolved problems which require medical intervention, new or different home care services, or comprehensive geriatric assessment. Following this the nurses made relevant referrals to the geriatric outpatient clinic, community health centre, primary physician or arrangements with next-of-kin. Findings: Primary endpoints will be presented as unplanned readmission to ED; admission to nursing home; and death. Secondary endpoints will be presented as physical function; depressive symptoms; health related quality of life; and hours of help received from the community. Conclusion: The presentation at the conference will include results collected at one and six months follow-up, this will show if a two-stage intervention consisting of screening with the ISAR 1 tool followed by structured nursing assessment and intervention in the ED could be a way of discovering geriatric patients’ unresolved problems and preventing further functional decline and readmission.

Rosted, Elizabeth Emilie; Poulsen, Ingrid

162

Nursing Assessment and Intervention to Geriatric Patients Discharged from Emergency Departments  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background: Geriatric patients recently discharged from hospital are at risk of unplanned readmissions and admission to nursing home. When discharged directly from Emergency Department (ED) the risk increases, as time pressure often requires focus on the presenting problem, although 80% of geriatric patients have complex and often unresolved caring needs. Objective: To investigate a structured nursing intervention’s impact on geriatric patients’ unresolved problems and their use of help from the community health centre. Method: We conducted a prospective descriptive study of selected geriatric patients with nursing intervention at discharge and 1 and 6 months follow-up. Included were geriatric patients 70+ years discharged to their home October 2006-June 2008. Intervention: After detecting the geriatric patients planned to be discharged, the geriatric nurse in the ED did a brief standardised nursing assessment developed by McCusker et al. comprising a checklist of physical, mental, medical and social problems. Focus was on unresolved problems that required medical intervention, new/different home care services or comprehensive geriatric assessment. After assessment the nurse made relevant referrals to geriatric outpatient clinic, community health centre, primary physician or arrangements with next-of-kin. Findings: 150 geriatric patients participated, mean age 81.7 (70-99). At discharge they had in mean 2 164 (0-9) unresolved problems, after 1 month 0.8 (0-5), and after 6 months 0.5 (0-4). Before baseline ED visit 85 % of the patients received home care services, 1 and 6 months after discharge it was 96 %. Relevance to clinical practice: Structured nursing assessment and intervention in the ED could be a way of discovering geriatric patients’ unresolved problems and preventing further functional decline and readmission. To confirm the effect a randomized controlled trial including 270 patients is carried out as part of my PhD study at University of Southern Denmark. Data is collected from Copenhagen University Hospital Amager.

Rosted, Elizabeth Emilie; Poulsen, Ingrid

2011-01-01

163

Health equity impact assessment.  

Science.gov (United States)

The World Health Organization's Commission on Social Determinants of Health has called for 'health equity impact assessments' of all economic agreements, market regulation and public policies. We carried out an international study to clarify if existing health impact assessment (HIA) methods are adequate for the task of global health equity assessments. We triangulated data from a scoping review of the international literature, in-depth interviews with health equity and HIA experts and an international stakeholder workshop. We found that equity is not addressed adequately in HIAs for a variety of reasons, including inadequate guidance, absence of definitions, poor data and evidence, perceived lack of methods and tools and practitioner unwillingness or inability to address values like fairness and social justice. Current methods can address immediate, 'downstream' factors, but not the root causes of inequity. Extending HIAs to cover macro policy and global equity issues will require new tools to address macroeconomic policies, historical roots of inequities and upstream causes like power imbalances. More sensitive, participatory methods are also required. There is, however, no need for the development of a completely new methodology. PMID:23449601

Povall, Susan L; Haigh, Fiona A; Abrahams, Debbie; Scott-Samuel, Alex

2014-12-01

164

Marketing strategies nurses can employ to promote health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Marketing strategies are employed to ensure the success of new products, services or programs. Both profit and non-profit organizations have used social marketing strategies to inform, to motivate interest, and to engage the involvement of the consumer. A client-dependent health care system did not find it necessary to market services, but a health care system that encourages clients to choose the most appropriate health promotion service available must market services. Nurses are in the business of promoting the health of clients. Therefore, it is essential that nurses become familiar with, and involved in, the development of marketing plans and strategies. The connection between the four variables of the marketing mix (product, promotion, place, and price) and promoting the health of clients is described. A case example recapitulating the marketing strategies employed to raise public awareness of a self-help group for family caregivers is related, the marketing response is evaluated, and future recommendations are proposed. PMID:7888407

McCormack, D

1994-01-01

165

Introducing human rights and health into a nursing curriculum  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An important component of nursing programmes in South Africa has been teaching of the principles of ethical practice and relevant ethical codes. A number of factors have contributed to the need to include human rights as an integral component of nursing curricula in South Africa. These include the Bill of Rights in the Constitution of South Africa and the implications thereof for health care delivery, the primary health care approach in the delivery of health care in South Africa, the development and acceptance o f Patients’ Rights Charters, and the recognition of the role that health professionals played - whether through lack of knowledge and awareness or direct involvement - in the human rights violations in the health sector exposed during the hearings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

P. Mayers

2007-09-01

166

Promoting Occupational Health Nursing Training: An Educational Outreach With a Blended Model of Distance and Traditional Learning Approaches  

OpenAIRE

In 2009, occupational health nursing faculty and professionals at the University of Washington developed an innovative continuing nursing education offering, the OHN Institute. The OHN Institute was designed to meet the following objectives: (1) extend basic occupational health nursing training to non-occupational health nurses in Federal Region X, (2) target new occupational health nurses or those who possessed little or no advanced education in occupational health nursing, and (3) offer a h...

Ward, Julie A.; Beaton, Randal D.; Bruck, Annie M.; Castro, A. B.

2011-01-01

167

What can virtual patient simulation offer mental health nursing education?  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper discusses the use of simulation in nursing education and training, including potential benefits and barriers associated with its use. In particular, it addresses the hitherto scant application of diverse simulation devices and dedicated simulation scenarios in psychiatric and mental health nursing. It goes on to describe a low-cost, narrative-based virtual patient simulation technique which has the potential for wide application within health and social care education. An example of the implementation of this technology in a web-based pilot course for acute mental health nurses is given. This particular virtual patient technique is a simulation type ideally suited to promoting essential mental health nursing skills such as critical thinking, communication and decision making. Furthermore, it is argued that it is particularly amenable to e-learning and blended learning environments, as well as being an apt tool where multilingual simulations are required. The continued development, implementation and evaluation of narrative virtual patient simulations across a variety of health and social care programmes would help ascertain their success as an educational tool. PMID:22070549

Guise, V; Chambers, M; Välimäki, M

2012-06-01

168

Perspectives of Australian nursing directors regarding educational preparation for mental health nursing practice.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is an ongoing global shortage of mental health nurses. Within Australia, the principal strategy of offering a postgraduate education programme with various incentives to encourage nurses back to study has not been successful. This has led to the consideration of radical alternatives, including the return to pre-registration specialisation in mental health. The successful introduction of this strategy would require the full support of industry partners. To date, the voice of industry has not been heard in relation to this issue. The aim of this paper is to present the views of an Australian sample of mental health nursing directors regarding the resources and other factors required, should undergraduate specialist programmes in mental health be developed, to ensure they are relevant and likely to be successful. A qualitative exploratory research project was undertaken to explore the perspectives and opinions of industry partners. In-depth interviews were conducted with nursing directors (n = 12) in Queensland Australia. Five main themes were identified: relationships with universities; clinical placement preparation and support; workplace culture; facilitators and preceptors; and practical student learning. Genuine collaboration between the two organisations was considered crucial for delivering a quality programme and providing the required support for students. Transformative leadership could inform this collaboration by promoting acknowledgement of and respect for differences. PMID:25353302

Happell, Brenda; McAllister, Margaret

2014-11-01

169

The relationship between burnout and mental health among nurses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Burnout is one of the most important factors in reduced productivity in organizations and involves physical and mental signs, especially in the human service professions. The role of nurses in the healthcare system is vital and motivation to ensure health security is extremely important. We carried out this research to examine the relationship between burnout and mental health in the nursing staff of educational hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted among 200 nurses selected via probable multistage sampling. We used three instruments in this study: 1 demographic questionnaire 2 General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28 and 3 Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI.Results: On the whole, using the MBI subscale, we found low levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and high levels of reduced sense of personal accomplishment, both in frequency and intensity. The prevalence of symptomatic samples in the GHQ-28 was 43%, and two variables, burnout and poor mental health, were related (p<0.001. Burnout was to be related to gender, age and years of work. The correlation between poor mental health and years of work as well as hours of work in a week were significant. Conclusions: Our results suggest that there is a strong correlation between poor mental health and burnout. Furthermore, the prevalence of symptomatic samples detected in our study using the GHQ-28 was much higher than that reported in studies of the general population. The high prevalence of symptomatic samples and high prevalence of burnout in the dimension of self accomplishment, especially in younger nurses, combined with the strong correlation between poor mental health and burnout all show that care should be taken to improve the stressful conditions that nurses face.

Abdi masooleh F

2007-09-01

170

Environmental Health Risk Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

It's always great to learn about an interesting new resource for teaching college students about environmental health, and this one is quite handy. Created as part of the Science Education Resource Center at Carleton College, the Environmental Health Risk Assessment site helps instructors and students "locate and use some of the numerous health-related tools and databases that can be found on the web." Here visitors can look over the Tutorial, which is designed to give interested parties a step-by-step example of how to perform an environmental health risk inventory. Also, the site includes an activity that can be used in the classroom, along with a list of vetted mapping tools available across the Web. The site is rounded out by four external links to related resources, including one that looks at the relationship between geology and human health.

2010-02-26

171

Health Reform: the health knowledge printed in the annals of Brazilian Nursing (1977-1980  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study has as object in nursing knowledge built during the Brazilian Sanitary Reform Movement, printed in the Annals of the Brazilian Nursing for the period 1977-1980. Objective: To analyze the content relating to this national health policy in the annals of the Brazilian Congress of Nursing in force from 1977 to 1980. This is a social-historical study, exploratory analysis that used the documentary as a research technique. We analyzed the Annals of the Brazilian Nursing the period 1977-1980, and categorization of selected themes in the corpus. The nurses, as actors engaged in national health system, they made a scientific output that showed signs of incorporation of political and social reality, building a knowledge in public health in line with the ideals sanitarians.

Érica Toledo de Mendonça

2011-09-01

172

Geriatric nursing assessment and intervention in an emergency department : a pilot study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

To describe and test a model for structured nursing assessment and intervention to older people discharged from emergency department (ED). Background. Older people recently discharged from hospital are at high risk of readmission. This risk may increase when they are discharged straight home from an ED as time pressure requires staff to focus on the presenting problem although many have complex, unresolved, care needs. Method. A prospective descriptive pilot study was conducted. Older people aged 70 and over and at risk of adverse health and functional outcome were included. Intervention: At discharge, and at 1 and 6 months follow-up, a brief standardised nursing assessment (ISAR 2) developed by McCusker et al. was carried out. The focus was on unresolved problems that required medical or nursing intervention, new or different home care services or comprehensive geriatric assessment. After assessment, the nurse made relevant referrals to the geriatric outpatient clinic, community health centre, general practitioner or made arrangements with next of kin. Results. One hundred and fifty people participated, mean age was 81.7. At discharge, they had a mean of 1.9 unresolved problems, after 1 month 0.8, and after 6 months 0.4. Older people receiving home care services increased from 79% at discharge to 89% at 1 month and 90% at 6 months follow-up. Conclusion. ISAR 2 works well in a Danish ED setting and intercepts older peoples' problems. It seems that unresolved problems decrease when a nurse assesses and intervenes at discharge from ED, and at follow-up. However, a randomised controlled test should be carried out to confirm this. Implications for practice. Nursing assessment and intervention should be implemented in the ED to reduce older peoples' unrevealed problems.

Rosted, Elizabeth Emilie; Wagner, Lis

2012-01-01

173

Geriatric Nursing Assessment and Intervention in an Emergency Department – a Pilot Study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Aim To describe and test a model for structured nursing assessment and intervention to older people discharged from Emergency Department (ED). Background Older people recently discharged from hospital are at high risk of readmission. This risk may increase when they are discharged straight home from an ED as time pressure requires staff to focus on the presenting problem although many have complex, unresolved, care needs. Method A prospective descriptive study was conducted. Older people aged 70 and over and at risk of adverse health and functional outcome were included. Intervention: At discharge, and at 1 and 6 month follow-up, a brief standardised nursing assessment (ISAR 2) developed by McCusker et al. was carried out. The focus was on unresolved problems that required medical or nursing intervention, new or different home care services or comprehensive geriatric assessment. After assessment the nurse made relevant referrals to the geriatric outpatient clinic, community health centre, general practitioner or made arrangements with next-of-kin. Results One hundred and fifty people participated, mean age was 81.7. At discharge they had a mean of 1.9 unresolved problems, after 1 month 0.8, and after 6 months 0.4. Older people receiving home care services increased from 79% at discharge to 89% at 1 month and 90% at 6 month follow-up. Conclusion ISAR 2 works well in a Danish ED setting and intercepts older peoples’ problems. It seems that unresolved problems decrease when a nurse assesses and intervenes at discharge from ED, and at follow-up. However a randomized controlled test should be carried out to confirm this. Relevance to clinical practice Nursing assessment and intervention should be implemented in the ED to reduce older peoples’ unrevealed problems.

Rosted, Elizabeth Emilie; Wagner, Lis

2012-01-01

174

Nurses' Health Study II (NHS II): Risk Factors for Breast Cancer Among Younger Nurses  

Science.gov (United States)

Nurses' Health Study II (NHS II) continues follow-up of more than 116,000 women who in 1989 were enrolled in a prospective study to evaluate potentially modifiable risk factors for major health problems among younger women. In this unique cohort, exposure information has been collected at 2-year intervals in early adult life, and a more than 90 percent response rate has been maintained for follow-up questionnaires.

175

Health care technology assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

The role of technology in the cost of health care is a primary issue in current debates concerning national health care reform. The broad scope of studies for understanding technological impacts is known as technology assessment. Technology policy makers can improve their decision making by becoming more aware, and taking greater advantage, of key trends in health care technology assessment (HCTA). HCTA is the systematic evaluation of the properties, impacts, and other attributes of health care technologies, including: technical performance; clinical safety and efficacy/effectiveness; cost-effectiveness and other economic attributes; appropriate circumstances/indications for use; and social, legal, ethical, and political impacts. The main purpose of HCTA is to inform technology-related policy making in health care. Among the important trends in HCTA are: (1) proliferation of HCTA groups in the public and private sectors; (2) higher standards for scientific evidence concerning technologies; (3) methodological development in cost analyses, health-related quality of life measurement, and consolidation of available scientific evidence (e.g., meta-analysis); (4) emphasis on improved data on how well technologies work in routine practice and for traditionally under-represented patient groups; (5) development of priority-setting methods; (6) greater reliance on medical informatics to support and disseminate HCTA findings.

Goodman, Clifford

1994-12-01

176

International School Children's Health Needs: School Nurses' Views in Europe  

Science.gov (United States)

Rapid globalization and the integration of national economies have contributed to the sharp rise in enrollment in international schools. How does this global nomadism affect international school children and their individual health needs? This study attempts to find an answer by interviewing 10 school nurses, with varying degrees of experience in…

Hansson, Annika; Clausson, Eva; Janlov, Ann-Christin

2012-01-01

177

Geriatric Nursing Resources for Care of Older Adults: Assessment Tools  

Science.gov (United States)

For nurses interested in keeping up to date with developments in geriatric treatment, this set of resources created by expert practitioners will be quite a find. The entire site was developed as part of the Nurse Competence in Aging initiative created by the American Nurses Association. Here, visitors can read over twenty-five two-page assessment tools that include such helpful titles as â??Assessing Nutrition in Older Adultsâ?, â??Predicting Pressure Ulcer Riskâ?, and â??Immunizations for the Older Adultâ?. Written in clear and direct language, these resources will also be of assistance for nursing educators and those who are responsible for professional development workshops. It is also worth mentioning that these short tools are designed as screening tools, and are not for diagnosis.

178

Computerized Management Information System in a Community Health Nursing Agency  

OpenAIRE

The Visiting Nurse Association of Omaha is a nonprofit, voluntary agency providing home health care, preventive care, clinical services, and school health services in an urban-rural setting. It has developed a computerized system which provides for: (1) centralized dictation by service delivery staff; (2) the printing of a uniform clinical, family problem-oriented record; (3) an integrated data base, statistical system, and financial system; and (4) the communication capability to remote stat...

Simmons, Delanne A.

1981-01-01

179

Musculoskeletal Load Assessment in Hospital Nurses with Patient Transfer Activity  

OpenAIRE

Manual patient handling is known to be the major source ofmusculoskeletal load among hospital nurses. The objectives of the present study were determination of frequency ofmusculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and its associatedfactors together with assessment of musculoskeletal loaddue to patient transfer by PTAI method in hospitalnursing staff of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS), Iran. In this cross-sectional study, 400 randomlyselected nurses of SUMS hospital participated. Data were...

Roghayeh Abedini; Alireza Choobineh; Jafar Hasanzadeh

2013-01-01

180

Evaluation of the health promotion activities of paediatric nurses: is the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion a useful framework?  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers were involved in an evaluative approach to examine the health promotion activities of paediatric nurses from a paediatric tertiary hospital centre (N = 83) and five paediatric non-tertiary hospital centres (N = 48) from Sydney, Australia. The aims of this study were to understand the nature of heath promotion in paediatric nursing practice by examining nurses' attitudes, investigating paediatric nurses' involvement in the five action area of the Ottawa Charter, and identifying barriers to the implementation of health promotion in practice. The researchers developed a health promotion survey based around the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion (World Health Organisation, 1986a), and a literature review of nurses' involvement in health promotion. Results showed that tertiary paediatric nurses undertook more varied health promotion activities such as creating supportive environments (CSE), reorienting health services (RHS) and building healthy public policy (BHPP) than did non-tertiary paediatric nurses who were involved in only one action area of the Charter, that of developing personal skills (DPS). This research revealed that within paediatric nursing practice the action areas of the Ottawa Charter of BHPP and CSE were important; and that there is support for the advocacy role of paediatric nurses. There is also evidence that paediatric nurses may have health promotion knowledge deficits associated with the Ottawa Charter, and that the environment of multidisciplinary allied health professionals in a tertiary paediatric centre may positively influence senior paediatric nurses and their capacity to be involved in varied health promotion activities associated with the Ottawa Charter. PMID:22800393

Roden, Janet; Jarvis, Lynda

2012-06-01

181

Microcomputerization of a Theory-Based Nursing Assessment of Discharge Medication Knowledge  

OpenAIRE

This study designed and tested a computerized nursing assessment based on the concept of self-care in nursing (Orem, 1980). Previous research by Horn and Swain (1978) served as the guide in the development of a paper-based assessment tool. The paper-based assessment was then transformed into a computer-assisted assessment. A control assessment, structured paper-based and computer-assisted assessment were evaluated for time, quantity and quality of nursing diagnoses, and acceptance by nurses. ...

Soble, Irene Carol

1983-01-01

182

The role of the nurse on health promotion and health maintenance of adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nurses have an indispensable role in maintenance and promotion of adolescens’ health. Nurses must know the basic principles of appropriate approach to adolescents, should be able to guide the adolescent and family in the promotion and maintenance of health. In this article, general observation principles of adolescent and family, the appropriate nursing approach to the major adolescent health issues, how to evaluate gathered data about adolescent’s such as nutrition, physical activity, mental health and, development and growth, the properties of therapeutic communication with adolescent and family, physical activity to be integrated into the life of the adolescent and family, nursing approach to illness and accident prevention has been handled. (Turk Arch Ped 2011; 46 Suppl: 4-8

Gülümser

2011-03-01

183

Self-rated health, work characteristics and health related behaviours among nurses in Greece: a cross sectional study  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Previous studies on self-rated health among nurses have indicated an association of low job satisfaction and stress in relation to poor self-rated health. The relationship between self rated health and the specific work characteristics and health related behaviours of nurses to our knowledge have not been adequately studied. Objective To investigate the health profile of nurses working in hospitals in North West Greece and to examine the associations between self rated hea...

Dk, Dimoliatis Ioannis; Alamanos Yannis; Pappas Noula A

2005-01-01

184

Advanced practice nursing in performing arts health care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Performing arts medicine is a growing health care profession specializing in the needs of performing artists. As part of the performing arts venue, the dancer, a combination of athlete and artist, presents with unique health care needs requiring a more collaborative and holistic health care program. Currently there are relatively few advanced practice nurses (APNs) who specialize in performing arts health care. APNs, with focus on collaborative and holistic health care, are ideally suited to join other health care professionals in developing and implementing comprehensive health care programs for the performing artist. This article focuses on the dancer as the client in an APN practice that specializes in performing arts health care. PMID:20644180

Weslin, Anna T; Silva-Smith, Amy

2010-06-01

185

A Perspective Of Nursing In Zimbabwe.  

OpenAIRE

This article describes nursing in Zimbabwe within the context of primary health care, delineating various levels of delivery of nursing practice, educational preparation levels and implications for practice. This picture is intended to capture the quality of nursing care that is congruent to clients’ expectations of the ever-changing Zimbabwean society. Nursing programs at various levels include health assessment, nursing process and nursing research. Clinical specialization including funct...

Mapanga, K. G.

2000-01-01

186

Urban Sprawl, Physical Activity, and Body Mass Index: Nurses’ Health Study and Nurses’ Health Study II  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives. We evaluated the association between the county sprawl index, a measure of residential density and street accessibility, and physical activity and body mass index (BMI). Methods. We conducted a multilevel cross-sectional analysis in a sample of Nurses’ Health Study participants living throughout the United States in 2000 to 2001 (n?=?136?592). Results. In analyses adjusted for age, smoking status, race, and husband’s education, a 1-SD (25.7) increase in the county sprawl index (indicating a denser, more compact county) was associated with a 0.13 kilograms per meters squared (95% confidence interval [CI]?=??0.18, ?0.07) lower BMI and 0.41 (95% CI?=?0.17, 0.65) more metabolic equivalent (MET) hours per week of total physical activity, 0.26 (95% CI?=?0.19, 0.33) more MET hours per week of walking, and 0.47 (95% CI?=?0.34, 0.59) more MET hours per week of walking, bicycling, jogging, and running. We detected potential effect modification for age, previous disease status, husband’s education level (a proxy for socioeconomic status), and race. Conclusions. Our results suggest that living in a dense, compact county may be conducive to higher levels of physical activity and lower BMI in women. PMID:22698015

Troped, Philip J.; Hart, Jaime E.; Joshu, Corinne E.; Colditz, Graham A.; Brownson, Ross C.; Ewing, Reid; Laden, Francine

2013-01-01

187

Effectiveness of interactive discussion group in suicide risk assessment among general nurses in Taiwan: a randomized controlled trial.  

Science.gov (United States)

The evidence of suicide prevention training for nurses is scarce. Strategies to enhance general nurses' ability in suicide risk assessment are critical to develop effective training programs in general medical settings. This study was aimed to examine the effectiveness of an interactive discussion group in a suicide prevention training program for general nurses. In this randomized study with two groups of pre-post study design, the sample was recruited from the Medical, Surgical, and Emergency/Intensive Care Sectors of a 2000-bed general hospital via stratified randomization. Among the 111 nurses, 57 participants randomly assigned to the control group received a two-hour baseline suicide gatekeeper lecture, and 54 participants assigning to the experimental group received an additional five-hour group discussion about suicide risk assessment skills. Using a case vignette, the nurses discussed and assessed suicide risk factors specified in a 10-item Chinese SAD PERSONS Scale during a group discussion intervention. The findings revealed that the nurses achieved significant and consistent improvements of risk identification and assessment after the intervention without influencing their mental health status for assessing suicide risks. The result suggested an effective approach of interactive group discussion for facilitating critical thinking and learning suicide risk assessment skills among general nurses. PMID:24768204

Wu, Chia-Yi; Lin, Yi-Yin; Yeh, Mei Chang; Huang, Lian-Hua; Chen, Shaw-Ji; Liao, Shih-Cheng; Lee, Ming-Been

2014-11-01

188

The environmental impact of health care: implications for infusion nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Health care provision is a dangerous business. Health professionals recognize the potential for miscommunication, medication errors, and other possible threats to patient safety. Less evident are the hazards to the environment inherent in the everyday practice of patient care. This article addresses 3 areas of practice in which infusion nurses can make a positive impact on the environment: preferable intravenous (IV) supply purchasing, proper management of electronic equipment (including purchasing, servicing, and disposal), and appropriate medication use and disposal practices. The article aims to inform IV nurses of the alarming environmental effects that the health care industry has on the environment and to suggest a clear, direct course of action to improve our environmental impact. PMID:22498487

Lipkin, Noelle Claire

2012-01-01

189

The Role of Nursing Informatics on Promoting Quality of Health Care and the Need for Appropriate Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In today’s dynamic health systems, technology plays an important role in education and nursing work. So it seems necessary to study the role of nurses and highlight the need for appropriate information technology educational programs to integrate with the ever-increasing pace of technology. A review accompanied by an extensive literature search in databases and a library search focused on the keywords were used. The criteria used for selecting studies primarily focused on nursing informatics and the importance of expertise in the effective use of information technology in all aspects of the nursing profession. In a critical assessment of emerging technologies, the key elements of nursing informatics implementation were considered as healthcare promotion, advanced systems, internet and network. In view of the nature and the development of the information age, it is required to receive necessary IT training for all categories of nurses. Due to the fast development of technology, in order to effectively take advantage of information technology in nursing outcome and quality of health care and to empower nurses; educational arrangement is recommended to set short-term and long-term specialized courses focusing on four target groups: studying, working, graduate, senior undergraduate, and graduate doctoral. The result of this study is expected to assist educational providers with program development.

Asieh Darvish

2014-06-01

190

The role of nursing informatics on promoting quality of health care and the need for appropriate education.  

Science.gov (United States)

In today's dynamic health systems, technology plays an important role in education and nursing work. So it seems necessary to study the role of nurses and highlight the need for appropriate information technology educational programs to integrate with the ever-increasing pace of technology. A review accompanied by an extensive literature search in databases and a library search focused on the keywords were used. The criteria used for selecting studies primarily focused on nursing informatics and the importance of expertise in the effective use of information technology in all aspects of the nursing profession. In a critical assessment of emerging technologies, the key elements of nursing informatics implementation were considered as healthcare promotion, advanced systems, internet and network. In view of the nature and the development of the information age, it is required to receive necessary IT training for all categories of nurses. Due to the fast development of technology, in order to effectively take advantage of information technology in nursing outcome and quality of health care and to empower nurses; educational arrangement is recommended to set short-term and long-term specialized courses focusing on four target groups: studying, working, graduate, senior undergraduate, and graduate doctoral. The result of this study is expected to assist educational providers with program development. PMID:25363114

Darvish, Asieh; Bahramnezhad, Fatemeh; Keyhanian, Sara; Navidhamidi, Mojdeh

2014-11-01

191

School Nurse Communication Effectiveness with Physicians and Satisfaction with School Health Services  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined school nurses' communication with community physicians and its relationship to school nurse satisfaction with school health services. A stratified random sample of school nurses in Pennsylvania (N = 615) were surveyed about communication effectiveness with community physicians, satisfaction with school health services for…

Volkman, Julie E.; Hillemeier, Marianne M.

2008-01-01

192

Kenya’s emergency-hire nursing programme: a pilot evaluation of health service delivery in two districts  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective To assess the feasibility of utilizing a small-scale, low-cost, pilot evaluation in assessing the short-term impact of Kenya’s emergency-hire nursing programme (EHP) on the delivery of health services (outpatient visits and maternal-child health indicators) in two underserved health districts with high HIV/AIDS prevalence. Methods Six primary outcomes were assessed through the collection of data from facility-level health management forms—total general outpatient visits, vaginal deliveries, caesarean sections, antenatal care (ANC) attendance, ANC clients tested for HIV, and deliveries to HIV-positive women. Data on outcome measures were assessed both pre-and post-emergency-hire nurse placement. Informal discussions were also conducted to obtain supporting qualitative data. Findings The majority of EHP nurses were placed in Suba (15.5%) and Siaya (13%) districts. At the time of the intervention, we describe an increase in total general outpatient visits, vaginal deliveries and caesarean sections within both districts. Similar significant increases were seen with ANC attendance and deliveries to HIV-positive women. Despite increases in the quantity of health services immediately following nurse placement, these levels were often not sustained. We identify several factors that challenge the long-term sustainability of these staffing enhancements. Conclusions There are multiple factors beyond increasing the supply of nurses that affect the delivery of health services. We believe this pilot evaluation sets the foundation for future, larger and more comprehensive studies further elaborating on the interface between interventions to alleviate nursing shortages and promote enhanced health service delivery. We also stress the importance of strong national and local relationships in conducting future studies. PMID:24636052

2014-01-01

193

Designing of Electronic Health Record Software in the Nursing and Midwifery Faculty of Tabriz  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: much effort was conducted to support the use of electronic record systems in nursing process. Some of the most important reasons for its application are efficiency, security and the quality of the patients’ data registration. The purpose of this study is to present electronic registration software of patients, health assessment and to determine the attitude of nurses towards it. Methods: this is a R&D leading to construction of the patient’s health assessment software. In the beginning, Gordon Model and the daily charts of the patients were prepared to paper. During the next 8 months these charts were converted into the software programs. The databases were implemented using “the SQL server” and “C#Net” programming language. Results: the software used in this study included 4 parts; the first one contained information of Gordon health assessment model in 11 items, the second contained charts of the study, the third part consisted of Lund-Browder table and dummy data table for 4 age groups, and the fourth one was image infor-mation storage part for burn wounds pictures. Conclusion: despite barriers, electronic systems could lead to confidential information, increase the quality of nursing records, and also reduce the amount of expenses.

Vahid Azizi

2012-07-01

194

Saúde da família no Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil: perfis e julgamentos dos médicos e enfermeiros Family health in Mato Grosso State, Brazil: profile and assessment by physicians and nurses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O artigo aborda o perfil sócio-demográfico e ocupacional do Programa Saúde da Família (PSF do Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil, apresentando os julgamentos avaliativos de médicos e enfermeiros das equipes sobre os seguintes aspectos: graus de concordância sobre os propósitos do programa; graus de uso de meios de planejamento e de implantação das ações de atenção básica. Trata-se de pesquisa avaliativa, que conduziu às seguintes conclusões: (1 o perfil dos profissionais confirma a tendência da feminilização da força de trabalho em saúde; prevalecem os contratos precários de trabalho e a rotatividade dos trabalhadores; os rendimentos são díspares entre as duas categorias profissionais; registraram-se esforços de capacitação para adequar o perfil de formação ao programa; (2 médicos e enfermeiros julgam que o programa alterou o modelo assistencial, favorecendo o controle social, a vigilância epidemiológica e a promoção à saúde; (3 eles julgam ser elevado o grau de implantação de várias ações de atenção básica previstas, e menor o das ações educativas, intersetoriais e de controle das doenças crônicas e endêmicas.This article addresses the profile and assessment of the Family Health Program by physicians and nurses regarding the following aspects: profile characteristics; degree of agreement with the program's proposals; and application of methods for planning and implementing primary care activities. This was an evaluative study with health professionals, and the conclusions highlighted the following: (1 the professional profile reinforcing feminization of the healthcare work force; prevalence of precarious work contracts and worker turnover; wage disparity between professional categories; and efforts at training to achieve the program profile; (2 alteration of the healthcare model by the program, favoring social control and epidemiological surveillance as well as healthcare promotion; and (3 a high degree of implementation of several basic healthcare activities, although implementation of educational and inter-sector activities and control of chronic and endemic diseases was more limited.

Ana Maria Canesqui

2006-09-01

195

Application of an innovative, autonomous, creative teaching modality through service-learning in a community-health nursing course  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nursing faculty continue to find themselves challenged to meet student needs by the increasing student enrollment numbers and increasing faculty workloads without simultaneously increasing resources. The responsibility to meet student needs rests on the nursing faculty. It is therefore increasingly important that nursing faculty implement teaching modalities to meet student and patient needs. This article demonstrates faculty’s use of service-learning as an effective, innovative teaching modality to meet increasing student, patient, and community needs without additional resources. The authors seek to differentiate between service learning and contracted clinical experiences in order to enable nurse educators to use service learning as a teaching modality. The authors describe the process of using service learning with nursing process in this course. Nursing assessment is built into the project as a “windshield survey”. A literature review was conducted seeking to understand other uses of service learning in education and validate the authors’ experiences. This three-credit hour lecture and one credit hour clinical course has yielded unique and interesting service learning projects that positively impact their communities. The students work with cohorts of all races, ethnicities and cultures throughout the lifespan.  Service-learning opportunities assist in the availability and accessibility of health care to safety net facilities and vulnerable populations who may not otherwise receive health care screening or treatment.  Faculty in nursing and other health disciplines will likely appreciate the innovation, creativity, and autonomy afforded this modality of outreach.

Susan G. Williams

2012-12-01

196

Psychiatric/Mental Health Nursing - "Evidence for Psychiatric Nursing Practice: An Analysis of Three Years of Published Research  

OpenAIRE

Psychiatric and mental health nursing practice continues to be strongly influenced by tradition, unsystematic trial and error, and authority. Yet the need for quality care that is based on the best and most current empirical research is well documented. Achieving evidence-based practice in the psychiatric nursing specialty will require that qualified nurse researchers conduct research relevant for practice and appropriately disseminate that research to those who can best use it, practicing nu...

Zauszniewski, J.

2003-01-01

197

Investigation of health anxiety and its related factors in nursing students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Yuqun Zhang,1,2 Yueqiu Zhao,3 Shengqin Mao,1 Guohong Li,4 Yonggui Yuan1 1Department of Psychosomatics and Psychiatry, Affiliated Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; 2Nursing Faculty of Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; 3Nanjing Health School, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; 4Nursing Department, Affiliated Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China Objective: To explore health anxiety in a sample of nursing students to determine the relationships between health anxiety and life satisfaction, personality, and alexithymia.Methods: Two thousand and eighty-six nursing students in junior college, which were divided into five groups, were evaluated by questionnaires, including the Life Satisfaction Scales Applicable to College Students, the Chinese version of the Short Health Anxiety Inventory, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20, and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. Results: The mean age, whether the individual was an only child, residence (urban or rural, and were significantly different between the groups. The self-assessment scores were also significantly different between the groups. The Short Health Anxiety Inventory total score and the factor of fearing the likelihood of becoming ill were significantly negatively correlated with the Life Satisfaction Scales Applicable to College Students total score and its two factors, but were significantly positively correlated with psychoticism, neuroticism, and TAS-20 total scores and its scores of the three TAS-20 factors. The negative consequence scale of Short Health Anxiety Inventory was not significantly correlated with externally oriented thinking, but was significantly negatively correlated with extraversion. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicted that objective satisfaction, subjective satisfaction, neuroticism, and the three factors of TAS-20 were predictors of health anxiety.Conclusion: Health anxiety was correlated with life satisfaction, personality, and alexithymia in junior college nursing students. Subjective and objective satisfaction, neuroticism, and the identification and expression of emotions may be predictors of health anxiety in nursing students. Keywords: life satisfaction, personality, alexithymia

Zhang Y

2014-07-01

198

Persons with stroke and their nursing care in nursing homes  

OpenAIRE

The overall aim of this thesis was to describe and explore the health status and health care needs of persons with stroke in relation to care planning following acute hospital care, as well as health status in persons living in nursing homes (NHs), focusing on those with stroke, their nursing care needs and nursing care. The RAI, a multidimentional instrument, was used to assess the health status of the persons. Patients (n= 114) from two acute stroke wards were assessed...

Kumlien, Suzanne

2005-01-01

199

What do public health nurses really do during prenatal home appointments?  

Science.gov (United States)

This study describes the nursing interventions and activities utilized by public health nurses in home-based delivery of care to high-risk prenatal clients. Fourteen home appointments by nine public health nurses were audiotaped, transcribed, and coded using the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) as the coding frame. Seven interventions accounted for approximately 83% of the nursing care during these appointments. Weak relationships were found between the interventions projected in the client's written nursing care plan, the interventions identified in the coded transcriptions, and the chart documentation of the events of the home appointment. Practice, education, and research implications are discussed. PMID:9439170

Twohy, K M; Reif, L

1997-12-01

200

Microcomputer Based Data Management System for Nursing Assessment of the Diabetic Patient  

OpenAIRE

The use of computers in facilitating nursing practice has been greatly underutilized. A microcomputer system has been developed to assist the nurse in the capture, storage and retrieval of nursing assessment data for the patient with diabetes mellitus. Presently feedback on practice involves a time-consuming and expensive chart-auditing process. By using a computerized assessment, the nurse can efficiently be given feedback on performance and the quality of nursing data can be monitored and r...

Jacobowitz, Kurt; Strodtman, Linda; Lomas, Timothy; Truax, Terry

1981-01-01

201

Complexity and Health Coaching: Synergies in Nursing  

Science.gov (United States)

Health care professionals are increasingly aware that persons are complex and live in relation with other complex human communities and broader systems. Complex beings and systems are living and evolving in nonlinear ways through a process of mutual influence. Traditional standardized approaches in chronic disease management do not address these non-linear linkages and the meaning and changes that impact day-to-day life and caring for self and family. The RN health coach role described in this paper addresses the complexities and ambiguities for persons living with chronic illness in order to provide person-centered care and support that are unique and responsive to the context of persons' lives. Informed by complexity thinking and relational inquiry, the RN health coach is an emergent innovation of creative action with community and groups that support persons as they shape their health and patterns of living. PMID:24102025

Mitchell, Gail J.; Wong, Winnie; Rush, Danica

2013-01-01

202

Evaluation of the implementation of advanced nursing competencies in the Basque health care system  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In 2011 advanced competences in nursing were defined and pilot tested in the Basque Healthcare System, in order to meet the needs of chronic patients. It is assumed that nursing professionals, in a functional sense, can fulfil a liaison role both within the health system and with external stakeholders. Integration between levels of care, the mobilisation of resources and case management are fundamental factors in achieving this objective. Background: In 2010, an overall strategy for tackling the challenge of chronicity was launched in the Basque Country. Its main objective was to drive the Basque Health Service (Osakidetza towards improving care for patients with chronic illnesses (Department of Health and Consumer Affairs, Basque Government and Osakidetza, 2010. Under this strategy, there was a commitment to develop and implement advanced competencies in nursing, with the objective of introducing nursing roles to better meet the needs of chronic patients. Methods: To achieve this objective, a one-group pre-test and post-test pre-experimental design was adopted for this study.  We used the SATISFAD questionnaire to assess the satisfaction of patients and caregivers, and the SF-12 and Barthel Index to measure quality of life and level of independence respectively. Results: The experience of introducing the new nursing competencies has been rated as very positive by the participating patients and those around them (their caregivers and families as it is perceived to have resulted in care that is more personalised, better planned and focused on the patient than traditional healthcare. Nevertheless, the process was not found to have significantly improved patient perception of quality of life and level of independence.Conclusions: The implementation of advanced competencies in the Basque Country has shown that case management leads to improvements in social and health care for patients, and their caregivers and families, compared to traditional care.

Galder Abos-Mendizabal

2013-02-01

203

Telematics and nursing: does the German electronic Health Card improve patient care for persons with nursing needs?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Current developments towards a German electronic Health Card raise the question whether the card is capable of improving care also for persons with special nursing needs including short-term as well as long-term care patients. The aging of the population - also in Germany - is coupled with an increase in the number of long-term care patients. They are patients who need medical as well as nursing care and who often need care provided by changing care settings (ambulatory care/home care vs. hospital during the course of their illness. Nursing Science has been recognizing the importance of an uninterrupted way of providing patient care (continuity of care as a central issue and has been developing concepts and instruments for case management and discharge management. Both approaches provide mechanisms proven under real life conditions for transferring patients safely from one to another setting. Although nursing telematics covers a wide range of topics, from semantic interoperability to telecare solutions, its primary applications, namely case management and discharge management, are only poorly supported by information and communication technology. It is therefore not surprising, that the electronic Health Card in Germany was planned without making any reference to case management and discharge management. Current concepts for the applications of the card simply ignore the scenario of transferring patients with special nursing needs between care settings. Though adjustments of the legal foundations of the electronic Health Card had been made recently, nurses will still not be able to exchange nursing summaries electronically by means of the card because nurses working in nursing homes and for ambulatory nursing services have no access rights for the data on the card. The full exploitation of the card and its potential for innovation does not only depend, however, on granting access rights to all nurses but also on issuing electronic Health Professional Cards (eHPC to nurses similar to the ones of physicians and pharmacists. As the eHPC is a basic prerequisite for using the electronic Health Card its implementation for nurses is required within a short time frame. In conclusion, only when the electronic health card and its applications are available to professional nursing care the growing number of patients with special nursing needs will benefit from its introduction.

Hübner, Ursula

2006-02-01

204

A Case Study Evaluation Protocol to Assess Processes, Effectiveness and Impact of a Nurse Practitioner-Led Memory Clinic  

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Full Text Available The prevalence of dementia is predicted to increase significantly as the population ages and with no foreseeable cure options the burden of dementia will continue to grow. Early diagnosis provides many benefits, including timely access to appropriate support services and provision of tailored therapeutic interventions for people with dementia and their carers. Memory clinics are a key response to the need for specialist assessment and diagnosis of dementia. Multidisciplinary team memory clinics are considered the “gold standard”; however, such resource intensive clinics are likely unsustainable. The nurse-led memory clinic format may provide a primary care focused, diagnostic service for dementia that does not have the cost implications of multidisciplinary memory clinics but there is limited research using nurse practitioners. This study is exploring the potential of a nurse-led memory clinic as a primary health care approach to health promotion (brain health awareness, disease prevention (risk factor reduction and early intervention (diagnosis and management of dementia. A realistic evaluation of a nurse practitioner-led memory clinic is described. Realistic evaluation is concerned not only with the outcomes of an intervention but also with the context and mechanisms of the intervention. We are using a mixed methods case study design to describe and evaluate the impact of the nurse practitioner-led memory clinic. The nurse practitioner in this study is an advanced practice aged care nurse who focuses on mental health, and dementia diagnosis, management and risk factor reduction. This study seeks to inform the development of an expanded scope role for nurse practitioners in assessment and referrals for dementia diagnosis. The heterogeneity of clients attending the nurse-led memory clinic will allow us to evaluate what works in the memory clinic, for whom, and under what circumstances, in what respects, and to what extent.

Michael Bentley

2014-03-01

205

Psychiatric nursing as 'different' care: experience of Iranian mental health nurses in inpatient psychiatric wards.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patients with mental illness require unique and specific care. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of nurses, who provide such care for mentally ill people, within the context of Iranian culture. This hermeneutic phenomenological study was carried out in a university-affiliated hospital in an urban area of Iran. We interviewed 10 mental health nurses to capture in detail their experiences in psychiatric units, and the approach developed by Diekelmann et al. was employed to analyse the data. Four themes and five sub-themes were identified: 'being engaged with patients' (sub-themes: 'struggle for monitor/control', 'safety/security concerns', 'supporting physiological and emotional needs'), 'being competent', 'altruistic care' and 'facing difficulties and challenges' (sub-themes: 'socio-cultural' and 'organizational challenges'). The results provide valuable insights and greater understanding of the professional experiences of psychiatric nurses in Iran, and indicate the need for a stable and responsible organizational structure for those nurses who are expected to manage patient care in psychiatric wards. PMID:22384949

Zarea, K; Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, A; Abbaszadeh, A; Mohammadpour, A

2013-03-01

206

Enfermagem na equipa de saúde ocupacional / Nursing in the occupational health team / Salud laboral en enfermería  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available A lei portuguesa não define com rigor as habilitações do Enfermeiro de Saúde Ocupacional nem o seu papel na Equipa de Saúde Ocupacional. Pretende-se com esta revisão bibliográfica, que utiliza as palavras-chave: “Enfermagem do trabalho e Saúde do trabalhador”, nas bases de dados MedLine with Full Te [...] xt, MedicLatina, Academic Search Complete, CINAHL Plus with full text, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews, Cochrane Methodology Register, Nursing and Allied Health Collection, Health Technology Assess e NHS Economic Evaluation Database, perceber qual o lugar que a Enfermagem tem na equipa de Saúde Ocupacional, descrevendo como esta é executada em diferentes países, com variadas perspetivas e objetivos. A Saúde Ocupacional comporta hoje uma abordagem abrangente, onde se inserem aspetos não laborais que interferem com a saúde do trabalhador, podendo englobar a família e/ou comunidade. A nível internacional, as tarefas predominantemente curativas deram lugar a outras de prevenção e de gestão, sendo inúmeros os programas que o Enfermeiro de Saúde Ocupacional tem capacidade para orientar, assumindo um papel central, completo e integrativo dentro da equipa. Finalmente, é fundamental quantificar custos, pré- e pós-atuação, para valorizar o seu trabalho financeiramente, perante a gestão da entidade empregadora. Abstract in spanish La legislación portuguesa no define con rigor la cualificación de la enfermera de salud laboral ni tampoco su papel dentro del equipo de salud laboral. Se pretende con esta revisión de la literatura, utilizando las palabras clave: “el trabajo de enfermería” y “salud en el trabajo” MedLine with Full [...] Text, MedicLatina, Academic Search Complete, CINAHL Plus with full text, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews, Cochrane Methodology Register, Nursing and Allied Health Collection, Health Technology Assess e NHS Economic Evaluation Database, entender qué lugar ocupa la enfermería en el equipo de salud laboral y describir cómo esta se lleva a cabo en diferentes países con diversas perspectivas y objetivos. La salud laboral incluye actualmente un enfoque integral, que abarca aspectos no laborales que interfieren en la salud del trabajador y puede englobar a la familia y/o a la comunidad. A nivel internacional, las tareas predominantemente curativas han dado paso a otras de prevención y de gestión, con numerosos programas que la enfermera de salud laboral está capacitada para dirigir, asumiendo así un papel central, completo e integrativo dentro del equipo. Por último, es fundamental cuantificar los costes de las actividades previas y posteriores para valorizar su trabajo financieramente, atendiendo así a la gestión de la entidad empleadora. Abstract in english Portuguese law does not define the precise qualifications of occupational health nurses or their role in the occupational health team. A literature review was carried out using the keywords “nursing work and occupational health,” in the databases Medline with Full Text, MedicLatina, Academic Search, [...] CINAHL Plus with Full Text, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews, Cochrane Methodology Register, Nursing and Allied Health Collection, Health Technology Assess and NHS Economic Evaluation Database, The aim was to understand the place of nursing in occupational health, describing how this is implemented in different countries with different perspectives and goals. Occupational health now uses a comprehensive approach which includes non-work aspects that interfere with worker health and may include family and/or community. Internationally, predominantly curative tasks have given way to others centered on prevention and management, with numerous programs that the occupational health nurse is able to lead, assuming a central role, fully integrated within the team. Finally, it is crucial to quantify costs, before and after activi

Mónica, Santos; Armando, Almeida.

2012-03-01

207

Oral Health and Hygiene Content in Nursing Fundamentals Textbooks  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this paper is to describe the quantity and quality of oral hygiene content in a representative sample of before-licensure nursing fundamentals textbooks. Seven textbooks were examined. Quantity was operationalized as the actual page count and percentage of content devoted to oral health and hygiene. Quality of content was operationalized as congruency with best mouth care practices. Best mouth care practices included evidence-based and consensus-based practices as published pri...

Jablonski, Rita A.

2012-01-01

208

The Use of the Cultural Competence Assessment Tool (Ccatool In Community Nurses: The Pilot Study and Test-Retest Reliability  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Nurses are responsible and accountable for their nursing practice and there is a need to be culturally and linguistically competent in all of their encounters. To be culturally competent community nurses should have the appropriate transcultural education. It is therefore important to assess the level of cultural competence of the community nurses, within their everyday practice.Aim: The aim of the article was the cultural adaptation of the cultural competence assessment tool based on Papadopoulos,Tilki and Taylor Model in a sample of Cypriot community nurses.Methodology: To explore the psychometric properties of the Cultural Competence Assessment Tool that has been distributed in a sample of 28 community nurses. Also, a pre and post-measurement has been applied as to assess the test-retest reliability of the tool.Results: The analysis has shown that the Cultural Competence Assessment Tool has good psychometric properties and it iseasy to understand by the community healthcare professionals. Results showed that 60.7% disagreed that there is the samelevel of cultural competency with other European countries and 89.3% reported that assessment of their cultural competence is needed. Using the special analysis software for this tool, the pilot study showed that Cypriot community nurses have some degree of cultural awareness.Conclusion: Culturally competent care is both a legal and a moral requirement for health and social care professionals.Valuing diversity in health and social care enhances the delivery and effectiveness of care for all people, whether they are members of a minority or a majority cultural group. Using an appropriate tool for assessing cultural competence is very important and useful for health professionals to be culturally competence.

Marios Vasiliou

2013-01-01

209

Evaluating learning opportunities offered to mental health nursing students.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is based upon a thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of Anglia Polytechnic University for the degree of Master of Philosophy. The study, completed in 1997, sought to identify factors making a positive contribution to learning within mental health care settings, and, having done this, to develop a means of auditing. Phase One drew on published work; however, it was necessary to determine the contextual validity of factors shown by colleagues to be conductive to learning, since the focus of this earlier work was, in the main, within general adult nursing. Information on the relevance of these factors was obtained from a sample (n = 146) of mental health nursing students, qualified staff, and teachers who responded to a self-completion postal survey, using a questionnaire as the research instrument. Phase Two drew upon the work completed in Phase One. A Likert-type scale audit instrument was developed and administered to a sample (n = 51) of mental health nursing students. In order to test the reliability of this instrument, students'verbal ratings of the quality of their learning experience were compared to numerical ratings provided by the audit instrument resultant from this study. Findings suggest that the instrument provides an effective, efficient means of evaluating learning environments from an individual student's perspective, and as a cumulative profile of student, practice setting and supervisors operating within it. This enables educationalists to identify standards which may be incorporated into future education/service provider contracting arrangements. PMID:10067487

Nganasurian, W E

1998-10-01

210

[Management nurses's attitudes in the family health program: view of the family health group].  

Science.gov (United States)

This article was a part of a research called Management Competences required from the nurse in the Family Health Program (FHP) and has as aim to identify the management attitudes required from the nurse to the manager of the nurse assistance in the Family Health Units (FHU) of a city of the "catarinense" seashore under a perception from these professionals. It was a descrptive-exploratory study based on a semi-structured questionary for data colection. The population was constituted by 72 participants that scored from 01 and 05 to each item of the questionary. The study pointed to the emphasis in the development of new competences by the nurses that lead the reach of the performances and consequently the quality of the assistance and to the community satisfaction. PMID:17684910

Benito, Gladys Amélia Vélez; Becker, Luciana Corrêa

2007-01-01

211

Health care for the homeless: a partnership between a city and a school of nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although there is extant research on the homeless, less is available suggesting an innovative community partnership such as Project HOPE. This partnership provided baccalaureate nursing students with greater understanding of underserved populations and health care delivery systems, and encouraged their future work with marginalized populations upon graduation. Students collected descriptive information on the homeless population. Correlations were found among site placement: age, clothing and supplies given, wound care, referrals given, assessments, and season of the year. Student evaluations revealed paradigm shifts in attitudes and inspired advocacy toward this population. Through the descriptive information and qualitative comments, we gained insight on demographics, conditions observed, and interventions offered, which provided direction for quality improvement in curriculum design for the Community Health Nursing course, direction for future student groups working in shelters and with street outreach workers, and information useful to strengthening partnerships with local organizations working with the homeless population. PMID:20954573

Pennington, Karen; Coast, Mary Jo; Kroh, Maura

2010-12-01

212

Musculoskeletal Load Assessment in Hospital Nurses with Patient Transfer Activity  

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Full Text Available Manual patient handling is known to be the major source ofmusculoskeletal load among hospital nurses. The objectives of the present study were determination of frequency ofmusculoskeletal disorders (MSDs and its associatedfactors together with assessment of musculoskeletal loaddue to patient transfer by PTAI method in hospitalnursing staff of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS, Iran. In this cross-sectional study, 400 randomlyselected nurses of SUMS hospital participated. Data were collected by anonymousdemographic and Nordic Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaires together with PTAI index checklist. Statistical analyses wereundertaken using SPSS, version 16. Age and job tenure means of participantswere 30.76±6.44 and 6.92±5.75 years, respectively. 88.2% of the nursing staffreported some forms of musculoskeletal symptoms during the 12 months prior tothe study. The results of PTAI index assessment demonstrated that in 4%, 8.5% and87.5% of the subjects, musculoskeletal load were at levels 1, 2 and 3,respectively. The results revealed that PTAI index score was significantlyassociated with musculoskeletal disorders occurrence (p<0.001.Musculoskeletal load was high among nurses with patient transfer activity. Age, nurse to bed ratio, marital status, shiftwork and PTAI score were associated risk factors for MSDs in the studiednursing staff.

Roghayeh Abedini

2013-04-01

213

Empowering Nurses by Making Electronic Health Records Collaboratively Available  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper demonstrates a participatory, real-life experimentation-based design approach comprising design as well as organizational implementation of large IT systems. Evaluations within a series of sustained iterative cycles are supported by ethnographically inspired observations to identify and analyze changes to work practices that emerge from using the IT system. The approach might empower users by identifying and turning selected emergent changes into planned interventions and opportunity-based change in the following iteration. A large-scale experiment was conducted where an advanced prototype of an Electronic Health Record (EHR) system was configured in collaboration with clinicians and subsequently exposed to real-life use at an acute neurological stroke unit. The system replaced all paper records. The clinicians used the system 24 hours a day throughout one week. The observations focused on the nurses’ use of a large shared EHR display during highly collaborative situations. An ethnographic analysis of emergent changes to the nurses’ work reveals (a) a change from oral presentation to collective reading of patient records, (b) initiation of collective investigations of patient records, and (c) that nurses’ observations became a prominent part of the shared agenda during interdisciplinary team conferences (attended by all clinicians). The presentation will present video excerpts and audio transcripts from the observations and demonstrate (1) the empowerment experienced by the nurses during the experiment, and (2) the implications with regard to design

Simonsen, Jesper

214

Role of the registered nurse in primary health care: Meeting health care needs in the 21st century.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is widespread interest in the redesign of primary health care practice models to increase access to quality health care. Registered nurses (RNs) are well positioned to assume direct care and leadership roles based on their understanding of patient, family, and system priorities. This project identified 16 exemplar primary health care practices that used RNs to the full extent of their scope of practice in team-based care. Interviews were conducted with practice representatives. RN activities were performed within three general contexts: episodic and preventive care, chronic disease management, and practice operations. RNs performed nine general functions in these contexts including telephone triage, assessment and documentation of health status, chronic illness case management, hospital transition management, delegated care for episodic illness, health coaching, medication reconciliation, staff supervision, and quality improvement leadership. These functions improved quality and efficiency and decreased cost. Implications for policy, practice, and RN education are considered. PMID:25261382

Smolowitz, Janice; Speakman, Elizabeth; Wojnar, Danuta; Whelan, Ellen-Marie; Ulrich, Suzan; Hayes, Carolyn; Wood, Laura

2015-01-01

215

Comparison of general health status and sleep quality between nurses with fixed working shifts and nurses with rotating working shifts  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Nurses are vulnerable to various sleep disorders because of the nature of their job. If nurses do not experience a good general health, they will not be able to do their job (patient care well. Materials and Method: We conducted a descriptive-comparative study in 180 nurses that were selected with the stratified sampling method who have been working in different work shift hours in teaching hospitals. We used PSQI and GHQ-28 questionnaire for collecting data.Results: The study results showed a statistically significant difference in sleep quality and general health of nurses based on two questionnaires (p=0.01; p=0.05 respectively. Conclusion: According to our findings we suggest fixed working shifts versus rotating one for nurses to reduce the side effects

Mahnaz Ghaljeh

2011-03-01

216

Rising to the challenge of health care reform with entrepreneurial and intrapreneurial nursing initiatives.  

Science.gov (United States)

Health reform worldwide is required due to the largely aging population, increase in chronic diseases, and rising costs. To meet these needs, nurses are being encouraged to practice to the full extent of their skills and take significant leadership roles in health policy, planning, and provision. This can involve entrepreneurial or intrapreneurial roles. Although nurses form the largest group of health professionals, they are frequently restricted in their scope of practice. Nurses can help to improve health services in a cost effective way, but to do so, they must be seen as equal partners in health service provision. This article provides a global perspective on evolving nursing roles for innovation in health care. A historical overview of entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship is offered. Included also is discussion of a social entrepreneurship approach for nursing, settings for nurse entre/intrapreneurship, and implications for research and practice. PMID:22686113

Wilson, Anne; Whitaker, Nancy; Whitford, Deirdre

2012-05-01

217

Study on situational influences perceived in nursing discipline on health promotion: a qualitative study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction and Objectives. Nurses, as behavioral models, play a key role in health promotion, and their attitudes towards health promotion highly influence their health and performance. The aim of this study is to explore nursing students' perception of studies in nursing discipline as a situational influence on health promotion. Materials and Methods. This study was conducted using directed content analysis, by means of 20 deep semistructured interviews with nursing students. The participants were selected on purposive sampling. Data was analyzed by the qualitative content analysis method. All interviews were recorded, transcribed, and reviewed, and all codes were extracted and summarized. The codes were subcategorized on the basis of centralization and were categorized after review of subcategories, and finally, a theme was determined. Findings. The theme of nursing discipline's situational influence on nursing students' health promotion was revealed. This theme consisted of "choosing the field," "unfavorable environmental factors," "negative impacts of studies in nursing discipline on health," "positive effects of studies in nursing discipline on health", "needs," "attractiveness (aesthetics)," and "coping with negative situational influences in nursing discipline." Conclusion. The perception of studies in nursing discipline as a health-promoting behavior is under influence of social environment. Considering the importance of the students' positive perception of the existing situation, it is essential to pay attention to their attitudes and perceptions so that they can provide better services to patients. PMID:24078880

Hosseini, Meimanat; Ashk Torab, Tahereh; Taghdisi, Mohammad Hossein; Esmaeili Vardanjani, Safar Ali

2013-01-01

218

Acute mental health nurses as therapists: A survey of the opinions of trainee nurse therapists and their patients in acute mental health provision  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background/Objectives: The use of psychosocial interventions has been shown to improve the functioning of individuals with serious mental disorders such as schizophrenia. Such skills have been taught to mental health nurses in community settings for many years and have been well evaluated but there is a paucity of evidence for their use on acute inpatient wards. This study evaluates two teaching modules convened for qualified mental health nurses who are working in acute adult inpatient wards in several mental health units. The purpose of the modules is to teach trainees psychosocial interventions to equip them to care for patients with severe mental illness. The study’s objectives are to evaluate the effectiveness of the teaching on the modules and also to evaluate the trainees’ success in transferring the interventions which they learned into clinical practice. Methods: A quasi experimental design was adopted to ascertain whether or not trainees’ perceptions of their practice had changed ‘post module’ and to investigate whether trainees’ patients reported differences in their nursing care after training. A questionnaire was administered to each trainee (experimental group before and after the modules to elicit their opinion of their ability in caring for patients with severe mental health problems. Their responses ‘pre module’ were then compared to their responses ‘post module’. The effectiveness of the modules was further evaluated by comparing the experimental group’s ‘post module’ responses to those of a group matched for length of service and experience who had not undertaken the modules (reference group. To measure the trainees’ transfer of psychosocial interventions into practice, a questionnaire was administered to the patients for whom they acted as ‘named nurse’ throughout their stay on the ward. Their responses were compared to patients for whom the reference group acted as ‘named nurse’. The scales were tested for reliability using the Cronbach alpha test and statistical significant was assessed using both paired t-test and Wilcoxon’s. Results: The study found that the modules were effective in teaching trainees psychosocial interventions, but that they found implementation difficult. Conclusions: The modules were effective in giving trainees more confidence in caring for patients on acute wards. However, ways need to be found to empower trainees to transfer the skills which they have learned in the modules into clinical practice.

Billy Mathers

2013-03-01

219

42 CFR 413.87 - Payments for Medicare+Choice nursing and allied health education programs.  

Science.gov (United States)

42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Payments for Medicare+Choice nursing and allied health education programs. 413.87 Section 413.87 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES,...

2010-10-01

220

Genetic and Genomic Public Health Strategies: Imperatives for Neonatal Nursing Genetic Competency  

OpenAIRE

Genetics and genomics are emerging as the central science for 21st century health care. Proficient nursing care incorporates this central science. Nursing genetic competency includes anticipating future demands spurred by knowledge advancement. Three emerging public health areas that call for future neonatal nursing genetic competency development will be discussed here: increasing emphasis on neonatal family health histories, population genetic biobanking, and family genetic advocacy. Neonata...

Williams, Pamela S. Holtzclaw

2002-01-01

221

Levels of empathy in undergraduate emergency health, nursing, and midwifery students: a longitudinal study  

OpenAIRE

Brett Williams,1 Ted Brown,2 Malcolm Boyle,1 Lisa McKenna,3 Claire Palermo,4 Jamie Etherington1 1Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, 2Department of Occupational Therapy, 3School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University–Peninsula Campus, Frankston, 4Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University–Berwick Campus, Berwick, Vic, Australia Purpos...

Williams B.; Brown T; Boyle M; McKenna L; Palermo C; Etherington J

2014-01-01

222

Factors associated with psychological distress of Public Health Nurse in Kagawa prefecture, Japan: A pilot study  

OpenAIRE

We evaluated the psychological distress using a scale of the K6, the 6-item scale of psychological distress on public health nurse in Kagawa prefecture, Japan. We send the questionnaire to all public health nurses (n = 419) in Kagawa prefecture. Then, a total of 256 public health nurses (1 man and 255 women), had completely answered the questionnaires, were analyzed in a cross-sectional investigation study. The association between psychological distress and considerable factors were evaluated...

Wataru Shiraki; Akira Yoshioka; Takeshi Yoda; Taichi Nagatomi; Yoshikazu Miyamae; Nobuyuki Miyatake; Takeshi Suzue; Noriko Sakano; Tomohiro Hirao

2012-01-01

223

School Nursing and Health Services: A Resource and Planning Guide. Bulletin No. 8328.  

Science.gov (United States)

This document provides basic information to help school districts, health personnel serving schools, and community partners work together to design and provide safe, effective school health systems. The 12 chapters include: (1) "School Nursing and Today's Community"; (2) "School Nursing: Profession and Practice"; (3) "Health Literacy"; (4)…

Ericksen, Cindy

224

Occupational stress, social support, and quality of life among Jordanian mental health nurses.  

Science.gov (United States)

Occupational stress affects physical and mental health of mental health nurses. This study measured levels of occupational stress and identified the variables that are associated with occupational stress among Jordanian mental health nurses. A descriptive design was conducted, using self-report questionnaires and demographic characteristics. Data were collected from 181 mental health nurses who were recruited from all mental health settings in Jordan. Jordanian mental health nurses showed high levels of occupational stress regarding "client-related difficulties," "lack of resources," and "workload." The highest level of social support as indicated by these Jordanian mental health nurses was from a spouse/partner followed by colleagues. Regarding quality of life (QOL), physical health scores were higher than mental health scores. Occupational stress correlated significantly and negatively with QOL-physical scores, QOL-mental scores, and social support scores, and correlated positively with being physically assaulted, verbally assaulted, and the respondent having the intention to leave his or her current job. Social support, QOL-mental scores, verbal assault, ward type, and intention to leave the current job were the best predictors of occupational stress among Jordanian mental health nurses. Mental health nurses are under significant occupational stress levels; therefore, comprehensive interventions aimed at minimizing the risk of occupational stress and improving social support and quality of life among mental health nurses are needed. PMID:22224962

Hamaideh, Shaher H

2012-01-01

225

Role of Health Beliefs, Somatization Tendency and Mental Health on Low Back Pain among Nurses  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Low back pain is one of the widespread problems among nurses which can cause disability, absenteeism, work restriction, and negative economic impacts. This study aimed at determining the role of health beliefs, somatization tendency and mental health on back pain among nurses. Methods: The present research was a cross sectional study among 246 nursing personnel (all nurses and nurse aids working in Shahrood hospitals in 2008. CPUID questionnaire was used to collect data. Chi-square test, multiple logistic regressions and Mann Whitney test for analysis were performed. Results: The mean age of participants was 33.7 ± 0.2 yrs, and the mean work hours per day were 47.5 ± 8 hours. 69% of them had more than 5 years work experience. 59% (n=145 of the study population reported back pain in previous 12 months. Significant relationships were found between work experience, working with hands above shoulder height, Familiarity with people suffering from back pain outside of work environment, somatisation tendency, health beliefs P>0.05.Conclusion: Results indicated that in addition to physical work related risk factors, health beliefs and somatisation tendency can be risk factors for back pain which confirms results of similar studies in other countries.

Farideh Sadeghian

2012-07-01

226

Work in health: the way of acting in dialictic nursing  

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Full Text Available Objective: to contribute to the discussion about the practice of dyalisis, trying to know the working process in the field. Methods: this is a theoretical study, a bibliographic research of database articles of the SciELO was made, books and thesis that helped the working process of nursin in nefrogy and its tendencies in the last 10 years. Results: in a preliminar analysis, we observed that the acting of nursing in nefrogy has widely been discussed and modified after the Caruaru city tragedy, when the Health Ministry established the Technical Rules to the dialisys services. Conclusion: otherwise, reflecting the impact of these changes, aiming to care, value and emancipate each other, it is required an urgent mobilization of the nurses, along with the class groups. Aiming to acomplish the necessary changes in the legislation, based on the permanent care and in the meeting of the chronic kidney patient and his citizenship.

Lucilane Maria Sales da Silva

2010-01-01

227

The opinions about e-health among nurses employed in hospitals located in an urban area in Poland.  

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The acceptance of e-health solutions by users representing the main professional groups in the healthcare system is of key importance for the successful development of this field. The attitude of nurses to information technology may influence the process of shaping an e-health environment. This survey was conducted to assess the use of information technologies and opinions about e-health among nurses employed in hospital centers located in an urban area in Poland. The questionnaire included items on the use of computers and the Internet, perception of the importance of e-health systems, and opinions about the roles and benefits of e-health for healthcare stakeholders. The questionnaire was distributed to 215 nurses participating in extension courses. The analysis was performed on 153 questionnaires accepted after quality control. The respondents were convinced about the importance of information technology in the delivery of healthcare services and specifically of e-health systems; however, there was a significant group that expressed skepticism about the need for the development of e-health services in Poland at the moment. The respondents indicated the Ministry of Health, the National Health Fund, and public health specialists as the stakeholders who should have the most important role in initiating e-health development. PMID:23478729

Duplaga, Mariusz; Andrychiewicz, Anna; Da?da, Jacek

2013-06-01

228

Promoting occupational health nursing training: an educational outreach with a blended model of distance and traditional learning approaches.  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2009, occupational health nursing faculty and professionals at the University of Washington developed an innovative continuing nursing education offering, the OHN Institute. The OHN Institute was designed to meet the following objectives: (1) extend basic occupational health nursing training to non-occupational health nurses in Federal Region X, (2) target new occupational health nurses or those who possessed little or no advanced education in occupational health nursing, and (3) offer a hybrid continuing nursing education program consisting of on-site and distance learning modalities. Evaluation findings suggested that the various continuing nursing education modalities and formats (e.g., asynchronous vs. synchronous, online modules vs. live modules) were essentially comparable in terms of effectiveness. Perhaps most importantly, the OHN Institute evaluation demonstrated that quality continuing nursing education outcomes for occupational health nurses depended largely on knowledgeable and engaging faculty and a compelling vision of desired outcomes, including the application of learned content to professional practice. PMID:21877672

Ward, Julie A; Beaton, Randal D; Bruck, Annie M; de Castro, A B

2011-09-01

229

Avaliação de competências de médicos e enfermeiros das Equipes de Saúde da Família da Região Norte do Brasil / Assessment of competence of physicians and nurses of the Family Health Team in the Northern Region of Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, realizado com base na análise de questionários aplicados a médicos e enfermeiros dos Estados do Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará e Amapá, no ano de 2006. A pesquisa é parte integrante do Projeto de Expansão do Programa de Saúde da Família (PROESF), subsidiado pela Fundaç [...] ão Cesgranrio. Foram respondidos 346 questionários, sendo 160 por médicos e 186 por enfermeiros. Dentre os resultados encontrados, está o fato de que médicos e enfermeiros que trabalham na Saúde da Família da Região Norte estabelecem um perfil profissional de competência onde há necessidades específicas de educação permanente. Conclui-se, portanto, que a mera adesão à Estratégia de Saúde da Família não garante por si só a dinâmica e o sucesso das ações voltadas à reorganização da rede, à melhoria da gestão e aperfeiçoamento da gerência do SUS. Além disso, a capacitação profissional é precária frente à demanda de formação exigida. Abstract in english In 2006, a quantitative study was accomplished, based on the analysis of questionnaires, applied to both physicians and nurses in the States of Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará and Amapá. The research is part of the Family Health Expansion Project (PROESF), subsided by the Health Ministry and conducted by [...] the Cesgranrio Foundation. Competences were analyzed and grouped according to the parameters of WONCA Europe (European Society of Family Medicine), and supported by the World Health Organization (WHO, WONCA, 2002). A total of 346 questionnaires were answered - 160 by physicians and 186 by male/female nurses. The questionnaire comprised the same questions to physicians and nurses and, after computing data, the results in both groups were quite similar, what made us infer that there is a nucleus of shared competences. As a result, it is clear that both physicians and nurses working with Family Health in this region establish a personal competence profile that shows specific needs in continuing education. As a conclusion, the mere compliance with Family Health strategies does not assure the dynamics and success of actions related to network re-organization and improvement of SUS management. Furthermore, professional capacity is poor, as compared to the exigencies of the required formation.

Hesio, Cordeiro; Valéria Ferreira, Romano; Elaine Franco dos, Santos; Amílcar, Ferrari; Eliane, Fernandes; Telma Ruth, Pereira; Ana Tereza da Silva, Pereira.

230

Updating the definition and role of public health nursing to advance and guide the specialty.  

Science.gov (United States)

National changes in the context for public health services are influencing the nature of public health nursing practice. Despite this, the document that defines public health nursing as a specialty-The Definition and Role of Public Health Nursing-has remained in wide use since its publication in 1996 without a review or update. With support from the American Public Health Association (APHA) Public Health Nursing Section, a national Task Force, was formed in November 2012 to update the definition of public health nursing, using processes that reflected deliberative democratic principles. A yearlong process was employed that included a modified Delphi technique and various modes of engagement such as online discussion boards, questionnaires, and public comment to review. The resulting 2013 document consisted of a reaffirmation of the one-sentence 1996 definition, while updating supporting documentation to align with the current social, economic, political, and health care context. The 2013 document was strongly endorsed by vote of the APHA Public Health Nursing Section elected leadership. The 2013 definition and document affirm the relevance of a population-focused definition of public health nursing to complex systems addressed in current practice and articulate critical roles of public health nurses (PHN) in these settings. PMID:25284433

Bekemeier, Betty; Walker Linderman, Tessa; Kneipp, Shawn; Zahner, Susan J

2015-01-01

231

Extent of East-African Nurse Leaders' Participation in Health Policy Development  

OpenAIRE

This paper reports part of a bigger study whose aim was to develop an empowerment model that could be used to enhance nurse leaders' participation in health policy development. A Delphi survey was applied which included the following criteria: expert panelists, iterative rounds, statistical analysis, and consensus building. The expert panelists were purposively selected and included national nurse leaders in leadership positions at the nursing professional associations, nursing regulatory bod...

Shariff, N.; Potgieter, E.

2012-01-01

232

Integration of the primary health care approach into a community nursing science curriculum  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this article is to explore and describe guidelines for integration of the primary health care approach into a Community Nursing Science Curriculum in a Nursing College in Gauteng. A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual research design was utilized. The focus group interviews were conducted with community nurses and nurse educators as respondents. Data were analysed by a qualitative descriptive method of analysis as described in Creswell (1994:155). Respondents i...

Ss, Vilakazi; Mm, Chabeli; Sd, Roos

2000-01-01

233

[Advanced nursing practice: a must for the quality of care and mental health services].  

Science.gov (United States)

New professional legislation and reorganization of mental health services have had a significant influence on mental health nursing practice. Many nurses have demonstrated clinical leadership and have been able to adapt their services to the needs of the population specially in the primary health care setting. However, many believe that the role of nurses is not sufficiently known and optimally utilized in mental health services. In this article we take a critical look at the mental health nursing practice in Quebec and at the essential requirements for its development. This review aims to: 1) describe current trends in the changing roles and the modernization of mental health nursing practice in Quebec, 2) provide an overview of the development of advanced nursing practice and its impact on the quality of mental health services; 3) clarify the concept of advanced nursing practice and position its development in Quebec and 4) propose various strategies for optimizing the role of nurses and their complementarity with other professionals providing mental health services. This review presents innovative practices developed by nurses in the context of the restructuring of mental health services. For example, new nursing roles have been developed to improve the collaboration with general practitioners groups in primary care settings and facilitate the evaluation and monitoring of patient presenting medical and psychological problems. Another interesting innovation was set up by nurses in developing a new service to allow timely access to integrated care for patients with substance abuse and mental health problems. The various testimonies reported in this article illustrate the potential contribution of these nursing innovations in improving the mental health services in Quebec. Also, in few countries, the reform of mental health services has been a good time to recognize this potential. Thus, some countries have repositioned the role of mental health nurses and supported the development of new models of advanced practice in mental health. These developments have been particularly significant in the United States and Australia. In United States, during the 1990s, at least four models of advanced practice in mental health nursing have been developed leading to wide variations in the roles, education, job titles, scope of practice and legal authorizations. Consequently, a consensus model of uniform standards of practice, accreditation and education has been proposed. This LACE model (Licensure, Accreditation, Certification, Education) will be in effect in 2015. Australia has adopted a more systematic approach, unified and progressive to facilitate the development of advanced mental health nursing practice. Australia who, through their many publications, retains more attention since a clear definition of the role of the nurse practitioner in mental health and a legal framework has been adopted at the national level. The Australian experience and the finding from studies suggest that mental health nurse practitioners and nurses who are specialized in mental health have the potential to make a significant contribution to enhancing access to and quality of mental health care through flexible an innovative approaches. So there are more and more evidence and indications that Quebec should invest in enhancing the skills of mental health nurses through the development of advanced nursing practice and integration of this new model in primary care. In addition, researches, funded by the Canadian Services Research Foundation (CHSRF, 2010), shows that the contribution of advanced nursing practice has never been stronger and there is a broad consensus to its value for the Canadian health care system (Dicenso.et Lukosius-Briant, 2010). The implementation of advanced practice nursing role in mental health is part of best practices required to improve care and mental health services and should be taken into account in future Action Plan 2014-2020. PMID:25120119

Ricard, Nicole; Page, Claire; Laflamme, France

2014-01-01

234

The need to include obstetric nurses in prenatal care visits in the public health system  

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Full Text Available Objective: To investigate, with a qualitative approach, the role of Obstetric Nurses at the primary level of care given to women’s health as a vital component of the multidisciplinary team, which today is fundamental for providing care, prevention as well as health education and promotion, especially in programs whose activities are geared towards primary care of pregnant, parturient, and puerpera women. Methods: Brazilian laws and the determinations of Nursing Councils in reference to the activities of the obstetric nurse were researched, including the nurse’s responsibilities and limits. The bibliographic search was conducted in health-related journals, lay publications, and the Internet. Results: The conflicts between professional physicians and nurses were discussed. Conclusions: It was concluded that the activities of the nurse, conducting low-risk prenatal clinical visits in the basic healthcare network, has legal and ethical support and provides true benefit to the clients.

Selma Aparecida Lagrosa Garcia

2010-06-01

235

ADHERENCIA DE LAS ENFERMERAS/OS A UTILIZAR UN MODELO TEÓRICO COMO BASE DE LA VALORACIÓN DE ENFERMERÍA / ADHERENCE OF NURSES TOWARD USING A NURSING MODEL AS A GUIDELINE FOR NURSING ASSESSMENT  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Estudio cuasiexperimental que describe la adherencia de enfermeras hospitalarias a utilizar un modelo teórico como base de la valoración de enfermería, medida por la actitud y conducta hacia: valoración de enfermería, planificación del cuidado, conocimiento de modelos teóricos e importancia a realiz [...] ar la valoración de enfermería en base aun modelo teórico. Una vez que el grupo experimental se capacitó en relación a modelos y teorías de enfemería y participó activamente en la elaboración de un instrumento de valoración, la adherencia se midió a través de las escalas de Actitud y de Conducta en Salud de Miller, adaptadas por los autores, y por la evidencia escrita en los registros. Para el análisis de los datos se usó la diferencia en diferencia mediante t de Student. Los resultados muestran que la adherencia medida por la actitud fue aceptada con una asociación estadística significativa; en cambio la adherencia medida por la conducta, no mostró diferencias significativas, resultados que fueron respaldados por la evidencia en los registros de enfermería de sólo un 11% de adherencia. Se concluye que los profesionales de enfermería, en términos de conductas adherentes, no evidenciaron cambios significativos antes y después del tratamiento experimental, pero se obtuvieron resultados positivos en términos cognitivos, ya que manifestó una actitud adherente a trabajar con un modelo teórico lo que es muy positivo para la profesión y es, por tanto, la motivación necesaria para lograr los cambios en el nuevo marco de la gestión del cuidado en enfermería Abstract in english This quasi-experimental research study describes the adherence of hospital nurses toward using a nursing model as a guideline for nursing assessment. Adherence was measured according to nurses' attitude and behavior toward nursing assessment, nursing care plan, nurses' knowledge of nursing models, a [...] nd the significance of performing their nursing assessment based on a theoretical model. Once the experimental group received training about nursing theories and models and actively participated in constructing an assessment tool, adherence was measured according to the Miller's Health Attitude Scale and Miller's Behaviour Scale both revised and adapted by the authors. Evidence of adherence was also sought in nursing notes from patients'charts. For data analysis the t test difference in difference was used. Results showed that adherence measured by attitude was statistically significant. On the other hand, no significant differences were observed when adherence was measured according to the behaviour scale. These findings were supported by nurses' notes where little adherence was found. We conclude that in terms of adherence behaviour, nurses did not show significant changes after the initial training. Significant findings were found in terms of nurses' attitude toward working with a nursing model as they showed a tendency to adhere to a model in the attitude scale. The latter is very significant for the nursing profession and it motivates us to continue to enact the current nursing reform focused on nursing care management

JUAN, REYES LUNA; PATRICIA, JARA CONCHA; JOSE M, MERINO ESCOBAR.

2007-06-01

236

ADHERENCIA DE LAS ENFERMERAS/OS A UTILIZAR UN MODELO TEÓRICO COMO BASE DE LA VALORACIÓN DE ENFERMERÍA ADHERENCE OF NURSES TOWARD USING A NURSING MODEL AS A GUIDELINE FOR NURSING ASSESSMENT  

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Full Text Available Estudio cuasiexperimental que describe la adherencia de enfermeras hospitalarias a utilizar un modelo teórico como base de la valoración de enfermería, medida por la actitud y conducta hacia: valoración de enfermería, planificación del cuidado, conocimiento de modelos teóricos e importancia a realizar la valoración de enfermería en base aun modelo teórico. Una vez que el grupo experimental se capacitó en relación a modelos y teorías de enfemería y participó activamente en la elaboración de un instrumento de valoración, la adherencia se midió a través de las escalas de Actitud y de Conducta en Salud de Miller, adaptadas por los autores, y por la evidencia escrita en los registros. Para el análisis de los datos se usó la diferencia en diferencia mediante t de Student. Los resultados muestran que la adherencia medida por la actitud fue aceptada con una asociación estadística significativa; en cambio la adherencia medida por la conducta, no mostró diferencias significativas, resultados que fueron respaldados por la evidencia en los registros de enfermería de sólo un 11% de adherencia. Se concluye que los profesionales de enfermería, en términos de conductas adherentes, no evidenciaron cambios significativos antes y después del tratamiento experimental, pero se obtuvieron resultados positivos en términos cognitivos, ya que manifestó una actitud adherente a trabajar con un modelo teórico lo que es muy positivo para la profesión y es, por tanto, la motivación necesaria para lograr los cambios en el nuevo marco de la gestión del cuidado en enfermeríaThis quasi-experimental research study describes the adherence of hospital nurses toward using a nursing model as a guideline for nursing assessment. Adherence was measured according to nurses' attitude and behavior toward nursing assessment, nursing care plan, nurses' knowledge of nursing models, and the significance of performing their nursing assessment based on a theoretical model. Once the experimental group received training about nursing theories and models and actively participated in constructing an assessment tool, adherence was measured according to the Miller's Health Attitude Scale and Miller's Behaviour Scale both revised and adapted by the authors. Evidence of adherence was also sought in nursing notes from patients'charts. For data analysis the t test difference in difference was used. Results showed that adherence measured by attitude was statistically significant. On the other hand, no significant differences were observed when adherence was measured according to the behaviour scale. These findings were supported by nurses' notes where little adherence was found. We conclude that in terms of adherence behaviour, nurses did not show significant changes after the initial training. Significant findings were found in terms of nurses' attitude toward working with a nursing model as they showed a tendency to adhere to a model in the attitude scale. The latter is very significant for the nursing profession and it motivates us to continue to enact the current nursing reform focused on nursing care management

JUAN REYES LUNA

2007-06-01

237

Assessing Suicide Risk in Veterans: The Role of the Nurse Practitioner  

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Full Text Available Background: Statistics have shown that veteran men and women are at greater risk for suicide than the general population. In order to decrease the incidence of suicide in veterans, nurse practitioners (NPs and other health care professionals must not only become more aware of the risk factors for veteran suicides but also develop strong psychiatric interviewing skills. Purpose: To discuss the risk factors associated with veteran suicide, the assessment tools to ensure a comprehensive suicide assessment and the application of these tools by an NP or other health care professional to a case study. Methods: Review of published literature on the topic. Conclusion: This paper will provide valuable information for NPs and other health care professionals when assessing for suicide risk in veterans.

Kathy Puskar

2012-01-01

238

Difference between consciousness of intervention for improving lifestyle by public health nurses and recipients of a company health check.  

Science.gov (United States)

Improving an unhealthy lifestyle decreases risk of incidence and death of lifestyle-related diseases. Consultation about a healthy lifestyle to recipients of health checkups conducted by public health nurses is one method for such improvement. The objective in the present study was to investigate the difference between consciousness of intervention by (1) the public health nurses who conducted consultations with recipients of health checkups and (2) the recipients who were consulted by the public health nurses. Data on 1,370 male white collar workers who underwent health checks were analyzed. When public health nurses determined that recipients required health consultation regarding lifestyle from the health checkup, they consulted with the recipients regarding improvement of lifestyle. The consultation regarding lifestyle included abstinence from smoking, drinking in moderation, exercise, and eating. The results of the analysis regarding difference in consciousness of the intervention by the public health nurses and the recipients show that (1) most drinkers did not think they were being discouraged to drink despite intervention by the public health nurses and (2) the smokers and the subjects with no habitual physical exercise tend to think that they were being consulted even though the public health nurses did not intervene regarding smoking and exercise. PMID:12164334

Sugita, Minoru; Otahara, Yumi; Fujishige, Tomoko; Sato, Kirika; Tada, Akiko; Yamamoto, Mayumi; Takeoka, Yuko; Suzuki, Masako; Minowa, Hisako; Hattori, Yoji

2002-05-01

239

The impact of caring for persons living with HIV and AIDS on the mental health of nurses in the Limpopo Province  

OpenAIRE

This study assessed the impact of caring for AIDS sufferers on the mental health of nurses. This assessment was measured against the level of burnout, stress and depression among 174 nurses caring for people living with HIV and AIDS in Limpopo Province, South Africa. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The questionnaire incorporated the AIDS Impact Scale (AIS), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the participants’ demographic and profess...

Davhana-maselesele, M.

2008-01-01

240

Nursing care at new mental health services - experience report  

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Full Text Available The nursing attendance in mental health has been changing your paradigm, such as psychiatric remodeling and the new role assumed by the nurses. This study aims to describe the activities developed for a group of nursing academics during the practical process of teaching-learning applied at patients with mental disease in therapeutic phase. It is an experience report developed at a Psychosocial Support Center located at the city of Fortaleza-Ceará in the period held from September to November of 2004. The activities implemented by the academics were the group of community therapy, the wait room group and the therapeutic relationship. The community therapy and the therapeutic relationship obtained larger success due to the deep interaction between patients and academics, in addiction to the confort and sence of valuable the activities caused them. The development of the experience revealed itself important once it provided the mutual learning, obtaining satisfactory results and certainty that these activities are susceptible of implementation in other services.

Tahissa Frota Cavalcante

2006-04-01

241

Enfermería como profesión / Nursing assessed as a profession  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este artículo pretende presentar a enfermería desde el concepto de profesión, con el propósito de argumentar si cumple con los criterios para ser considerada en propiedad como tal. Para ello es necesario considerar la evolución histórica del concepto profesión en enfermería, asociado a los cuidados [...] de salud y la instrucción formal impartida a partir de Florence Nightingale. El análisis de enfermería como profesión es realizado según las características señaladas por Ellis y Hartley, las que consideran aspectos tales como; conocimientos, metodología, nivel educacional, autonomía, ética, contribución social y compensación. Se puede concluir que enfermería es una profesión joven, y que existen fundamentados elementos para argumentar, que se dispone de las herramientas necesarias para seguir desarrollándose. Abstract in english This article aims to introduce the concept of nursing as a profession in order to argue whether it meets the criteria to be considered as such. It is therefore necessary to take into account the historical evolution of the professional concept in nursing, which is associated with health care and the [...] formal instruction that has been taught since the time of Florence Nightingale. Nursing as a profession is analyzed according to the characteristics identified by Ellis and Hartley, including issues such as: knowledge, methodology, education level, autonomy, ethics, social contribution, and compensation. It can be concluded that nursing is a young profession and there are grounds to argue that there are tools available to further develop this occupation.

Mónica, Burgos Moreno; Tatiana, Paravic Klijn.

2009-06-01

242

Enfermería como profesión Nursing assessed as a profession  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artículo pretende presentar a enfermería desde el concepto de profesión, con el propósito de argumentar si cumple con los criterios para ser considerada en propiedad como tal. Para ello es necesario considerar la evolución histórica del concepto profesión en enfermería, asociado a los cuidados de salud y la instrucción formal impartida a partir de Florence Nightingale. El análisis de enfermería como profesión es realizado según las características señaladas por Ellis y Hartley, las que consideran aspectos tales como; conocimientos, metodología, nivel educacional, autonomía, ética, contribución social y compensación. Se puede concluir que enfermería es una profesión joven, y que existen fundamentados elementos para argumentar, que se dispone de las herramientas necesarias para seguir desarrollándose.This article aims to introduce the concept of nursing as a profession in order to argue whether it meets the criteria to be considered as such. It is therefore necessary to take into account the historical evolution of the professional concept in nursing, which is associated with health care and the formal instruction that has been taught since the time of Florence Nightingale. Nursing as a profession is analyzed according to the characteristics identified by Ellis and Hartley, including issues such as: knowledge, methodology, education level, autonomy, ethics, social contribution, and compensation. It can be concluded that nursing is a young profession and there are grounds to argue that there are tools available to further develop this occupation.

Mónica Burgos Moreno

2009-06-01

243

Validating the 'Intervention Wheel' in the context of Irish public health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Illuminating the full range of nursing actions is a challenge for nurses globally; the invisibility of nursing and of public health nursing in particular is well documented. Visibility can be enhanced by identifying core functions of nursing and matching corresponding levels of interventions and outcomes. This is a priority for the contemporary Irish public health nursing (PHN) service. In the United States, public health nurses have developed an 'Intervention Wheel' naming public health interventions at community, systems and individual/family levels. This aimed to make visible the core functions of PHN practice. The values and beliefs underpinning the Intervention Wheel have been shown to capture the essence of public health nursing within the European context. In total, US nurses described 17 Wheel interventions by recording stories from practice. Owing to concern that the public health aspect of their role was not only invisible but was at risk of erosion, Irish PHNs decided to replicate this storytelling approach to provide evidence for and authenticate the 17 interventions on the Intervention Wheel from their day-to-day public health practice. PMID:25754782

McDonald, Anne; Frazer, Kate; Duignan, Catriona; Healy, Marianne; Irving, Annette; Marteinsson, Patricia; Molloy, Brenda; McNicholas, Elizabeth

2015-03-01

244

Work Related Stress, Burnout, Job Satisfaction and General Health of Nurses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Gaps in research focusing on work related stress, burnout, job satisfaction and general health of nurses is evident within developing contexts like South Africa. This study identified the relationship between work related stress, burnout, job satisfaction and general health of nurses. A total of 1200 nurses from four hospitals were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study (75% response rate. Participants completed five questionnaires and multiple linear regression analysis was used to determine significant relationships between variables. Staff issues are best associated with burnout as well as job satisfaction. Burnout explained the highest amount of variance in mental health of nurses. These are known to compromise productivity and performance, as well as affect the quality of patient care. Issues, such as security risks in the workplace, affect job satisfaction and health of nurses. Although this is more salient to developing contexts it is important in developing strategies and intervention programs towards improving nurse and patient related outcomes.

Natasha Khamisa

2015-01-01

245

Work related stress, burnout, job satisfaction and general health of nurses.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gaps in research focusing on work related stress, burnout, job satisfaction and general health of nurses is evident within developing contexts like South Africa. This study identified the relationship between work related stress, burnout, job satisfaction and general health of nurses. A total of 1200 nurses from four hospitals were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study (75% response rate). Participants completed five questionnaires and multiple linear regression analysis was used to determine significant relationships between variables. Staff issues are best associated with burnout as well as job satisfaction. Burnout explained the highest amount of variance in mental health of nurses. These are known to compromise productivity and performance, as well as affect the quality of patient care. Issues, such as security risks in the workplace, affect job satisfaction and health of nurses. Although this is more salient to developing contexts it is important in developing strategies and intervention programs towards improving nurse and patient related outcomes. PMID:25588157

Khamisa, Natasha; Oldenburg, Brian; Peltzer, Karl; Ilic, Dragan

2015-01-01

246

Care, compassion and courage: the museum of mental health nursing - an ethnographic archaeology.  

Science.gov (United States)

Like a museum with carefully positioned exhibits mental health nursing would look different if the display of fashionable dead things in its cultural lineage were viewed through a different lens. This paper has the aim of using transcribed interview data from mental health nurses to explore how their perception of nursing culture represents a particular historical identity (pseudo names given to ensure confidentiality). The paper discusses five themes about the formation of collective identity and concludes that mental health nurses are theoretically well positioned to develop and rethink social recovery models, ideas about fragmented selves and multiple histories that the postmodern age now curates. PMID:23444837

Holyoake, D-D

2014-03-01

247

Promoting colorectal cancer awareness in undergraduate community health nursing education: a community-academic collaboration.  

Science.gov (United States)

An innovative collaborative partnership between bachelor of science nursing (BSN) students and local public schools was developed in response to a call for increasing awareness of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in Michigan's underserved populations; through this partnership, community health nursing students provide health education for middle- and high-school aged students who became colon health ambassadors and delivered important messages about the importance of colorectal cancer screenings for their significant others age 50 and older. At the completion, the program reached approximately 1,800 school-age students and their family members. The program provides nursing students with unique service-learning experience while improving their theoretical knowledge and clinical skills in health disparities and community health nursing. The purpose of this article is to describe the development and implementation of this community-academic collaboration and discuss the evaluation of educational outcomes as community health nursing experience. PMID:24219638

Wu, Tsu-Yin; Wozny, Patrick J; Raymond, D M

2013-01-01

248

Implementation of evidence based practice in mental health nursing: An action research study  

OpenAIRE

This thesis describes an Action Research (AR) project aimed at the implementation of Evidence Based Practice in a mental health nursing setting in the Netherlands. The main research question addressed in this thesis is: In what way is Action Research with an empowering appropriate to implement Evidence Based Practice in a mental health nursing setting in the Netherlands and what is the effect of this implementation on the care experienced by the client, the nursing interventions and the c...

Munten, G.

2012-01-01

249

Identifying Nursing Computer Training Requirements using Web-based Assessment  

OpenAIRE

Our work addresses issues of inefficiency and ineffectiveness in the training of nurses in computer literacy by developing an adaptive questionnaire system. This system works to identify the most effective training modules by evaluating applicants for pre-training and post-training. Our system, Systems Knowledge Assessment Tool (SKAT), aims to increase training proficiency, decrease training time and reduce costs associated with training by identifying areas of training required, and those wh...

Naser Ghazi; Gitesh Raikundalia; Janette Gogler,; Leslie Bell

2011-01-01

250

Health characteristics and nursing diagnosis in the home care population of the Community Health Care Center of Castellar del Vallès  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The increasing growth of life expectancy in western societies brings along higher rates of chronic, limiting and invalidating diseases. Amongst these services being offered to the dependent elder, the ATDOM program is intended to provide health support for elders at home.The project was first developed to assess the health characteristics for patients included in ATDOM program.To reach that objective a Descriptive study was developed. The study population were the 87 patients included in the ATDOM program at the Community Health Care Center of Castellar del Vallès. Measurement instruments used for assessing some of the main variables were Barthel scale, Braden scale and Zarit test. NANDA classification was used to identify Nursing diagnoses.Average age of our population was 82’90 years, 35’6% of them being male and 64’4% female. 98’9% of these patients reported having an identified caregiver. Average age of caregivers was 62’94, 82’6% being women. 21’8% of patients presented with severe or total dependence levels. 26’1% of caregivers reported being overloaded by caregiving burden. Only 1’4% had high risk of having bedsore.Most prevailing nursing diagnoses were related to skin injury and difficulties with physical mobility as well as to lack of autonomy on daily living activities.

Montserrat Ballester Rubio

2008-01-01

251

The attitude of community health nurses towards integration of traditional healers in primary health care in North-West Province  

OpenAIRE

South Africa is called “the rainbow nation” because it has so many different cultures. These have an impact on the provision of primary health care. The purpose of this research is to foster good relationships between community health nurses and traditional healers and to explore, identify and describe the attitude of community health nurses towards the integration of traditional healers into primary health care. A non-experimental, explorative and descriptive research strategy was design...

Md, Peu; Troskie, R.; Sp, Hattingh

2001-01-01

252

Health Occupations Curriculum. Skills and Theory for Practical Nurse. Units 14 and 15.  

Science.gov (United States)

Part of a health occupations program, these instructional units consist of materials for use by those who are studying to become practical nurses. The first unit deals with the various aspects of pediatric nursing, including the growth and development levels of children, diseases and conditions specific to children, and the application of health…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

253

Teacher Time Spent on Student Health Issues and School Nurse Presence  

Science.gov (United States)

Elementary school teacher time spent on student health issues and the relationship to school nurse services was the focus of this 2-year study. A cross-sectional design was used to survey traditional and exceptional (special needs) classroom teachers about the time they spent on health issues and their perception of school nurse presence. The…

Hill, Nina Jean; Hollis, Marianne

2012-01-01

254

Pinnacle Health / Zynx Health / Siemens Medical Solutions A Study of Integration of Evidence Based Nursing Content  

OpenAIRE

In 2005, Pinnacle Health System, Zynx Health, and Siemens Medical Solutions developed a partnership to conduct a study to explore the opportunities and challenges associated with the integration of evidence-based knowledge within the EHR with the goal of creating repeatable methodologies for integrating nursing knowledge within the EHR. The two-phase study involved access to referential evidence-based content, as well as integration of customized evidence-based plans of care within the docume...

Matter, Sheri; Brown, Cindy; Button, Patricia S.; Kennedy, Rosemary

2006-01-01

255

Fostering nurses' political knowledges and practices: education and political activation in relation to lesbian health.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes findings from a qualitative policy study focused on female nurses' activism in relation to lesbian health. Critical feminist analysis and comparative life history methodology were applied to career histories obtained from 10 diversely situated female nurses across Ontario, Canada. The findings show that nursing activist practices are informed by advocacy experiences that foster inclusive professional and community education plus formal education processes that shape their political socialization. Implications for nursing theory include the development of political knowledges and practices that support caring science, sociopolitical knowing, and primary healthcare nursing practice in a community context. PMID:19461232

MacDonnell, Judith A

2009-01-01

256

Community health nurses’ learning needs in relation to the Canadian community health nursing standards of practice: results from a Canadian survey  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Canadian Community health nurses (CHNs) work in diverse urban, rural, and remote settings such as: public health units/departments, home health, community health facilities, family practices, and other community-based settings. Research into specific learning needs of practicing CHNs is sparsely reported. This paper examines Canadian CHNs learning needs in relation to the 2008 Canadian Community Health Nursing Standards of Practice (CCHN Standards). It answers: What are the learning needs of CHNs in Canada in relation to the CCHN Standards? What are differences in CHNs’ learning needs by: province and territory in Canada, work setting (home health, public health and other community health settings) and years of nursing practice? Methods Between late 2008 and early 2009 a national survey was conducted to identify learning needs of CHNs based on the CCHN Standards using a validated tool. Results Results indicated that CHNs had learning needs on 25 of 88 items (28.4%), suggesting CHNs have confidence in most CCHN Standards. Three items had the highest learning needs with mean scores > 0.60: two related to epidemiology (means 0.62 and 0.75); and one to informatics (application of information and communication technology) (mean = 0.73). Public health nurses had a greater need to know about “…evaluating population health promotion programs systematically” compared to home health nurses (mean 0.66 vs. 0.39, p Ottawa Charter of Health Promotion, the Jakarta Declaration, and the Population Health Promotion Model) in practice. Conclusions CHN educators and practice leaders need to consider these results in determining where to strengthen content in graduate and undergraduate nursing programs, as well as professional development programs. For practicing CHNs educational content should be tailored based on learner’s years of experience in the community and their employment sector. PMID:25349531

2014-01-01

257

A comparison of health practices of Canadian and Jordanian nursing students.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to compare health-promoting practices of Canadian (n = 49) and Jordanian (n = 44) first-year nursing students using the revised Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II. Results indicated significant differences between the groups on three subscales: health responsibility, physical activity, and interpersonal relations; however, both groups had similarly low scores. Implications for nurse educators are discussed from both curricular and cross-cultural perspective that focuses on health-promotion activities and programs. PMID:14692993

Haddad, Linda; Kane, Debbie; Rajacich, Dale; Cameron, Sheila; Al-Ma'aitah, Rowaida

2004-01-01

258

Audit of school entry health assessments: to maximise efficient use of health personnel at school entry assessments at 5 years.  

Science.gov (United States)

During the last 3 years in which doctors saw all school entrants, the decisions made about each child on examination were recorded and a protocol about decision-making to support children with health needs was drawn up. In September 1994, school entry health care assessments by the school nurses were introduced. Having previously recorded the numbers in each school who required medical interest and support, it was possible to rationalise which schools should be the primary responsibility of the nurses, which should retain medical contact for all children and in which schools assessments should be shared. The outcomes in decision making after introducing nurse assessments were recorded in the same format as used by the doctors, so that the effect of passing responsibility to nurse colleagues could be assessed. The findings suggested that an equivalent number of children were referred to other services or selected for continuing review. However, the proportion of children whose needs were discussed with the headteacher without the children being selected for review was reduced. Issues to take forward were identified. PMID:8885665

Leff, S; Bennett, J

1996-09-01

259

77 FR 33752 - National Institute of Nursing Research; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Science.gov (United States)

...Health National Institute of Nursing Research; Notice of Closed Meetings...Committee: National Institute of Nursing Research Special Emphasis Panel Assessing...Committee: National Institute of Nursing Research Special Emphasis Panel...

2012-06-07

260

Computerized Clinical Simulation Testing: Its Use for Competence Assessment in Nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Computerized Clinical Simulation Testing is an uncued, dynamic, interactive test that permits examinees to simulate the clinical decision-making skills used in the nursing management of client needs. It has the potential for helping boards of nursing to make more valid assessments about who is competent to practice nursing. (JOW)

Bersky, Anna K.; Yocom, Carolyn J.

1994-01-01

261

Health impact assessment in Korea  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recently, Health Impact Assessment has gained great attention in Korea. First, the Ministry of Environment introduced HIA within existing Environment Impact Assessment. Second, the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs began an HIA program in 2008 in alliance with Healthy Cities. In this short report, these two different efforts are introduced and their opportunities and challenges discussed. We believe these two approaches complement each other and both need to be strengthened. We also believe that both can contribute to the development of health in policy and project development and ultimately to improvements in the Korean population's health.

262

The patient perception of the nurse-patient relationship when nurses utilize an electronic health record within a hospital setting.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research has focused on electronic health record use during patient interactions primarily from a physician or advanced practice nurse perspective. Few if any empirical data exclusively explored the patient's hospital experience of the nurse-patient relationship when nurses use an electronic health record to communicate with them during patient interactions. The study was conducted to determine how use of a computer for documentation and care delivery influences communication dynamics between a nurse and patient within an inpatient setting. Hermeneutic phenomenology was the methodology used. A purposeful sample of 11 adults from a medical unit of a community hospital comprised the sample. After institutional review board approval was obtained, a questionnaire, addressing demographic data and information about previous computer and electronic health record use, was administered. In-depth interviews were conducted to uncover patient's experiences and reactions to their interactions with nurses as electronic health records were being utilized. Four themes were derived from the data analysis: (1) presence, (2) respect, (3) knowledge, and (4) trust and safety. Recommendations, including logistical modifications and innovative educational approaches, were derived from the themes and related findings. PMID:24365972

Strauss, Beth

2013-12-01

263

Back to the future? Views of heads of schools of nursing about undergraduate specialization in mental health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Preparation of nursing students for practice in mental health settings in Australia has been criticized since comprehensive education replaced preregistration specialist education. Current and projected workforce shortages have given rise to considering the reintroduction of specialization at preregistration level as a potential solution. Support of heads of schools of nursing would be essential for such an initiative to be considered. A qualitative exploratory study was undertaken involving in-depth telephone interviews with heads of schools of nursing in Queensland. Participants generally favoured the concept of specialization in mental health nursing at undergraduate level. Data analysis revealed the following themes: meeting workforce needs, improving quality of care, employability of graduates, an attractive option for students, and what would have to go. Participants identified many benefits to mental health service delivery and consumer outcomes. How the initiative could be developed within an already overcrowded curriculum was identified as the major barrier. This level of support is encouraging if necessary changes to the educational preparation for mental health nursing practice are to be considered. PMID:25109595

Happell, Brenda; McAllister, Margaret

2014-12-01

264

Quality assessment in nursing home facilities: measuring customer satisfaction.  

Science.gov (United States)

A national study designed to assess the reliability and validity of a nursing home customer satisfaction survey is summarized. One hundred fifty-nine facilities participated, each responsible for the distribution and collection of 200 questionnaires randomly sent to the home of the resident's responsible party. A total of 9053 completed questionnaires were returned, for an average adjusted response rate of 53%. The factor analysis identified 4 scales: Comfort and Cleanliness, Nursing, Food Services, and Facility Care and Services, each with high reliability. Based on a multiple regression analysis, the scales were shown to have good criterion-related validity, accounting for 64% of the variance in overall quality ratings. Comparisons based on select characteristics indicated significantly different satisfaction ratings among facilities. The results are interpreted as providing evidence for the construct validity of a multidimensional customer satisfaction scale with measured reliability and criterion-related validity. Moreover, the scale can be used to differentiate satisfaction levels among facilities. PMID:10763218

Mostyn, M M; Race, K E; Seibert, J H; Johnson, M

2000-01-01

265

Assessing clinical skill competence of nursing students through Objective Structured Clinical Examination  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim To investigate the possibility of assessing clinical skill competenceof nursing students by using the Objective StructuredClinical Examination (OSCE.Methods The search for empirical articles on the assessmentof clinical skill competence of nursing students was based onthe SCOPUS electronic database. Search strategy included theutilization of two or three key words based on the MeSH index(OSCE, nursing students and clinical competence. Theanalysis was restricted to papers in the English language duringthe last ten years. Bibliography of selected papers was used tosearch for additional empirical studies as well.Results A review of the literature showed that since 1975,when the first objective structured clinical examination was introduced,there has been a growing interest in the assessmentutilization of clinical skill competence of nursing students.This method of assessment included direct evaluation of clinicalskills in the classroom or hospital room. Application ofobjective structured examination required a good organization,prepared checklists, as well as a number of examiners, time andmoney. By analyzing the efficiency of this method some authorshave pointed out that the use of this method could lead toconsidering health care as a simple set of tasks to be performed,while others have emphasized that by a customized implementationof this method other clinical skill competence of nursingstudents can be also evaluated. Students’ opinion about thismethod of assessment is different.Conclusion The widespread use of OSCE for the assessmentof clinical skill competence also imposes a number of questionsfor those involved in its planning, implementation and assessment.

Dragana Milutinovi?

2013-05-01

266

The nursing consultation focuses on the nurse's role in prenatal low risk: a practice of health education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: to identify the practices of nurses' performance during the prenatal low risk in the Basic Health Method: a descriptive exploratory qualitative approach with the type of literature review, held in the Virtual Health Library (VHL, the bases LILACS, BDENF and SCIELO. After the data collection took place an exploratory reading, selective, analytical and interpretive. Results: selected to be two categories: the nursing consultation in favor of a proposed new nursing work and educational activities in prenatal care: reflections, and overcoming obstacles. Please note that the process of entering a nursing consultation in prenatal care in the content of graduation is a major resource for the contribution of expanding healthcare coverage to pregnant women. This coverage is through the educational role/participation, valuing the customer as a citizen, enabling the knowledge of your body, stimulating self-care and addressing issues of sexuality and gender, arising in everyday woman, intended to improve the quality of life of the female population. Conclusion: This study reinforces and encourages the continuation and improvement of care to pregnant women by nurses in clinical nursing considering guidelines, educational practices and knowledge dissemination.

Geilsa Soraia Cavalcanti Valente, Maira Muniz Assis, Vera Maria Saboia; Adriana Passos Bento, Ademir do Canto; Joana Lídia Rodrigues Vilhena; Maria Inez de Oliveira Porto; Sheila Lopes da Silva

2010-04-01

267

A Valid and Reliable Tool to Assess Nursing Students` Clinical Performance  

OpenAIRE

Background: The necessity of a valid and reliable assessment tool is one of the most repeated issues in nursing students` clinical evaluation. But it is believed that present tools are not mostly valid and can not assess students` performance properly.Objectives: This study was conducted to design a valid and reliable assessment tool for evaluating nursing students` performance in clinical education.Methods: In this methodological study considering nursing students` performance definition; th...

Mehrnoosh Pazargadi; Tahereh Ashktorab; Sharareh Khosravi; Hamid Alavi majd

2013-01-01

268

Swedish Child Health Care nurses conceptions of overweight in children: a qualitative study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Registered Sick Children’s Nurses and District Nurses employed at Child Health Care centres are in a position to help prevent childhood overweight and obesity. Prevention of this challenging public health threat could be improved through having a better understanding of how this group of nurses perceives childhood obesity. The aim of this study was to elucidate the conceptions of childhood overweight, including obesity, among nurses working in Child Health Care. Method A qualitative study using a phenomenographic approach, based on open-ended interviews with 18 Child Health Care nurses (CHC-nurses strategically selected from 17 Child Health Care Centres in the southern part of Sweden. Results Four categories of description emerged from the data: Perception of childhood overweight changes, Overweight in younger children a neglected concern, Overweight a delicate issue and Importance of family lifestyle. The participating CHC-nurses conceived overweight in children, primarily obesity in children to be an extensive and serious problem which affects children, families and the surrounding society. Overweight in children was further perceived as a consequence of their parent’s lifestyle and their awareness of the problem, which was considered by the CHC-nurses as a sensitive and a provoking issue. It was also perceived that overweight in children is not taken seriously during the pre-school period and that concerns regarding overweight in younger children were mainly about the appearance and not the health of the child. The CHC-nurses perceived that the proportion of overweight children has increased, which Swedish society and the CHC-nurses have adapted to. This adaptation makes it difficult for CHC-nurses to define those children who are overweight. Conclusion CHC-nurses provide a comprehensive and complex picture of childhood overweight, which includes several difficulties dealing with this issue. Attention to CHC-nurse’s conceptions of overweight in children is important since it can affect the parent-nurse relationship and thereby the nurse’s, as well as the parent’s efforts to influence the children’s weight. It is suggested that CHC- nurses should work with person centered counseling and empowerment concerning parent to child relations in cases involving overweight.

Isma Gabriella E

2012-06-01

269

Scientific production on sexuality of elder women journals of nursing, public health and gerontology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: to verify the scientific production on elder women, gender and sexuality in journals of Nursing, Public Health and Gerontology. Methods: a systematic review of literature, in journals of Nursing, Public Health and Gerontology in Brazil, in the years 2003 to 2007. Results: the 362 articles were pre-selected (111 in nursing, 95 in Public Health and 156 in Gerontology, of these, seven focus on elderly women, gender and sexuality. It was possible to understand that sexuality and gender issues of elder women remain invisible, and few significant. From the seven articles three categories were abstracted: feminization of aging, social of women’s aging and asexualized elderly. Conclusion: the nurses and the groups of studies and research on gender began to dawn, showing interest in the issues. Requires that the educational projects of graduate programs in health, especially in nursing, bringing more thoughts on gender and sexuality of older women.

Beatriz de Carvalho Cavalheiro, Silvana Sidney Costa dos Santos

2009-10-01

270

Solid waste management in health services: overview of nurses and technicians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: to analyze how the team describes the Nursing Management of Solid Waste in Health. Methodology: consisted of an exploratory, descriptive, from quantitative approach. The study was conducted with 20 members of Nursing group, 10 nurses and 10 technicians Nursing hospitalization units of a public hospital in Petrolina / PE. The data was collected through a questionnaire with open and closed in november 2009 and data analysis took place with the help of EPI INFO 3.5.1 (august/2008. Results: most health professionals have a distorted view of what is the waste of health services and how to classify them. Conclusion: after data analysis, it is necessary to conduct training with a view to raising awareness among professionals about the proper handling of solid waste, and thus prevent accidents and improve the quality of life of the team and its clients. Descriptors: waste of health services; nursing team; solid residues

Adriana Gonçalves de Barros, Adriana Maria Pereira da Silva, Luiz Carlos Gomes Costa Júnior, Viviane Euzébia Pereira Santos, Caroline Araújo Fonseca

2010-10-01

271

The health effects of climate change: what does a nurse need to know?  

Science.gov (United States)

The scientific evidence for anthropogenic climate change has been established with increasing precision and there are widespread concerns about its potential to undermine the public health gains of the past century. There is also a growing consensus across private and public sector organisations at national and international level that carbon reduction should be a policy aim. Various international nursing organisations have made strong position statements on the issue, arguing that nurses should be actively engaged as part of their roles in both health promotion and clinical practice. We point to education for sustainability initiatives in other health professions and share resources for curriculum development in nursing. The nurses of tomorrow will make a unique and significant contribution to protecting population health in an unstable climate, if today's nursing educators can help prepare them for this role. PMID:22683179

Barna, Stefi; Goodman, Benny; Mortimer, Frances

2012-10-01

272

Perceptions from the front line: professional identity in mental health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the context of a growing population of people experiencing mental illness worldwide, mental health nurses are a crucial workforce. Their recruitment and retention, however, is in decline. Drawing on qualitative data obtained from interviews with mental health nurses (MHN) in Victoria, Australia, the paper employs a range of concepts from role theory to explore professional identity within mental health nursing. The data highlight three key issues in relation to the future recruitment and retention of MHN: (i) the ambiguity of the MHN role; (ii) the weak definition and lack of understanding of the scope of the MHN role by nursing students; and (iii) a lack of communication about MHN as a profession to a wider audience. These findings indicate three avenues through which recruitment and retention in mental health nursing could be improved: (i) public communication; (ii) training and educating of the next generation of MHN; and (iii) more accurately defining the role of the MHN. PMID:23279301

Hercelinskyj, Gylo; Cruickshank, Mary; Brown, Peter; Phillips, Brian

2014-02-01

273

Precautions used by occupational health nursing students during clinical placements  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Protection of health care workers including students from being infected when caring for high risk patients is a major cause for concern to all promoting occupational health. Safety of every employee is mandatory. Furthermore, universal guidelines for precautions must be used by all interacting with high risk patients and clients to protect themselves and prevent the spread of infection. The aim of this paper was to ascertain the availability of universal guidelines for precautions against the spread of infection in clinical settings and determine the precautions used by OHN students during their clinical placements. To realise these objectives, a quantitative and descriptive design was followed. A purposive sampling method was used to select 45 Occupational health nursing students who participated in the study.Data was collected with the use of a structured questionnaire and the results revealed that: most units where OHN students were placed for clinical experience had guidelines for universal precautions although these were not always accessible to them; regarding compliance to universal precautions, OHN students were reportedly aware of the hazards of failure to comply although in some emergencies and where personal protective material was not available, they had to provide care without using protective equipments. Recommendations made include that employers and staff at all occupational settings must ensure that updated guidelines for universal precautions are available and accessible to every body interacting with high risk patients; health care providers and students must be fully informed about and should always adhere to universal precautions.

T.M.M. Maja

2009-09-01

274

Efficacy of mindfulness-based meditation therapy on the sense of coherence and mental health of nurses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The primary goal of the study was to assess the efficacy of mindfulness-based meditation therapy on the psychological well-being and sense of coherence of nurses with respect to coping with stress. The participants were 28 nurses working in a ward for elderly patients, with 15 included in the intervention group and 13 in the control group. Nurses in the intervention group received two sessions of mindfulness-based meditation therapy, including breathing, yoga movement and meditation. Each nurse was taught the program in the first session, then exercised at home with a CD, and subsequently met with an interviewer in a second session after two weeks. Nurses in the control group did not receive any interventions. The participants completed the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ, including subdomains of physical symptoms, anxiety and sleep disturbance, interference with social activities, and depression; and the Sense of Coherence (SOC questionnaire, which includes three subdomains of comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness pre- and post-intervention. The GHQ scores of the intervention group showed a significantly greater decrease than those of the control group. The SOC scores of the intervention group showed a significantly greater increase after the intervention compared to those in the control group, with the highest score for the meaningfulness subdomain. These results indicate that mindfulness-based meditation therapy is effective for improving the psycho-logical well-being and sense of coherence of nurses, which helps them to cope with stress.

Michiyo Ando

2011-02-01

275

Health technology assessment in Switzerland  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: To review Switzerland's mixed public and private healthcare system with regard to health technology assessment (HTA). RESULTS: In the past, remarkable work in HTA was done. Accomplishments include the following: (i) Switzerland became an early member of the International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment. (ii) HTA has its legal bases in terms of effectiveness, appropriateness, and efficiency. (iii) The federal law allows the introduction of new techn...

Koch, P.; Schilling, J.; La?ubli, M.; Mitscherlich, F.; Melchart, D.; Bellucci, S.

2009-01-01

276

Theories and trends in occupational health nursing: prevention and social change.  

Science.gov (United States)

1. Occupational health nursing has evolved against a background of changes in the workplace, health care delivery, and society. 2. One major change is the growing interest among employers for health promotion and wellness programs to manage health care costs. 3. The health Belief Model and levels of prevention provide a framework for health promotion and disease prevention programs at the worksite. 4. Occupational health nurses, using a marketing strategy that incorporates the principles of product, price, placement, and promotion, will enhance their ability to provide successful programs. PMID:7575785

Parrish, R S; Allred, R H

1995-10-01

277

Determinación de las características del docente asistencial que forma al especialista de Enfermería Materno Infantil: Una propuesta de indicadores / Assessment of the characteristics of the medical care teachers who train the Maternal and Child Health Nursing specialists  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Fundamento: Los rasgos que deben poseer los docentes asistenciales que forman al especialista en Enfermería Materno Infantil son esenciales para trasmitir y formar modos de actuación en la docencia. Objetivo: Determinar las características del docente asistencial que forma al especialista de Enferme [...] ría Materno Infantil. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio exploratorio que abarca los años 2007-2008 en el Hospital General Universitario ?Gustavo Aldereguía Lima? de Cienfuegos, se aplicó la teoría de la decisión, para la selección de los criterios que fueron tomados en el modelo multicriterial, mediante la aplicación de una variante del método Delphi. El universo estuvo constituido por los coordinadores y metodólogos que atienden la especialidad Enfermería Materno infantil a nivel nacional, para la obtención de la muestra se realizó un muestreo no probabilístico (muestreo de expertos). Resultados: Se precisan 23 criterios que son superiores al punto de corte PC4 correspondiente a la categoría de mucho que vincula el modelo del profesional con las exigencias sociales para conocer, relacionar y aplicar el contenido de la enfermería utilizando los recursos materiales que relacionan lo concreto con lo abstracto para promover la continuidad asistencial del cuidado y la utilización de las potencialidades de la asistencia en la formación del especialista donde quedó demostrado el comportamiento del profesional. Conclusiones: Se evidencia a través de los criterios identificados que la asistencia es el sustento de la formación docente que necesita el profesional para organizar los procesos docentes a partir de los problemas asistenciales que le permita cumplir con el encargo social de formador en salud. Abstract in english Backgrounds: The features of the Mother and Child Health Nursing specialist?s teaching care training are paramount to form appropriate teaching behaviors. Aim: To determine the features of the medical care teacher who trains the Mother and Child Health Nursing specialist. Methods: An exploratory res [...] earch was carried out during the years 2008-2009 in the ?Gustavo Aldereguía Lima? General University Hospital of Cienfuegos, Decision Theory was applied to select the criteria taken into account in the Multicriterial model, by means of a variation of the Delphi Method. The universe was made up by the coordinators and methodologists who run the Mother and Child Health Nursing specialty on a national level, and a non-probabilistic sampling was conducted to obtain the Sample (Experts Sampling). Results: 23 criteria exceeding the PC4 cutoff point corresponding to the ?much? category are needed, which links the professional model to the social demands to know, relate and apply the contents of nursing using the material resources that connect the concrete to the abstract to promote the continuity of medical care and the use of the potential of assistance in the training the specialists in which the professional?s behavior was demonstrated. Conclusions: By means of the stated criteria, it is evidenced that medical care is the basis for the kind of teaching training our professional needs to organize the teaching process, starting from medical care issues. That training allows them to accomplish their social task as health trainers.

Norma, Mur Villar; Miriam, Iglesias León; Manuel, Cortés Cortés; María, Aguilar Cordero.

2009-10-01

278

HEALTH EFFECTS ASSESSMENT FOR LINDANE  

Science.gov (United States)

The document represents a brief, quantitatively oriented scientific summary of health effects data. It was developed by the Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office to assist the Office of Emergency and Remedial Response in establishing chemical-specific health-related goals ...

279

HEALTH EFFECTS ASSESSMENT FOR ACETONE  

Science.gov (United States)

The document represents a brief, quantitatively oriented scientific summary of health effects data. It was developed by the Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office to assist the Office of Emergency and Remedial Response in establishing chemical-specific health-related goals ...

280

[Nurse leadership: intervening element in the relationships network of the community health care agent].  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to understand the nurses' contributions in the network of relationships and interactions of community health workers (CHW) in a city located in the south of the country. The Grounded Theory was used and twenty individuals were interviewed, among health professionals and users of the health center, divided into three sample groups. The nurse is recognized as a key element in the network of relationships and interactions of the CHW with the community, being viewed as a leader. Although showing signs of an authoritarian leadership, the nurse promotes dialogue and acts as a facilitator of teamwork in health promotion. It was concluded that the nurses of the Family Health Strategy have a significant role in the health team, providing clinical support to organize the care, and management, to foster good relations, direct the activities and conduct the flow of information. PMID:24008710

Lanzoni, Gabriela Marcellino de Melo; Meirelles, Betina Hörner Schlindwein

2013-01-01

281

Quality of work life among primary health care nurses in the Jazan region, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Quality of work life (QWL is defined as the extent to which an employee is satisfied with personal and working needs through participating in the workplace while achieving the goals of the organization. QWL has been found to influence the commitment and productivity of employees in health care organizations, as well as in other industries. However, reliable information on the QWL of primary health care (PHC nurses is limited. The purpose of this study was to assess the QWL among PHC nurses in the Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. Methods A descriptive research design, namely a cross-sectional survey, was used in this study. Data were collected using Brooks’ survey of quality of nursing work life and demographic questions. A convenience sample was recruited from 134 PHC centres in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. The Jazan region is located in the southern part of Saudi Arabia. A response rate of 91% (n?=?532/585 was achieved (effective response rate?=?87%, n?=?508. Data analysis consisted of descriptive statistics, t-test and one way-analysis of variance. Total scores and subscores for QWL items and item summary statistics were computed and reported using SPSS version 17 for Windows. Results Findings suggested that the respondents were dissatisfied with their work life. The major influencing factors were unsuitable working hours, lack of facilities for nurses, inability to balance work with family needs, inadequacy of vacations time for nurses and their families, poor staffing, management and supervision practices, lack of professional development opportunities, and an inappropriate working environment in terms of the level of security, patient care supplies and equipment, and recreation facilities (break-area. Other essential factors include the community’s view of nursing and an inadequate salary. More positively, the majority of nurses were satisfied with their co-workers, satisfied to be nurses and had a sense of belonging in their workplaces. Significant differences were found according to gender, age, marital status, dependent children, dependent adults, nationality, nursing tenure, organizational tenure, positional tenure, and payment per month. No significant differences were found according to education level of PHC nurses and location of PHC. Conclusions These findings can be used by PHC managers and policy makers for developing and appropriately implementing successful plans to improve the QWL. This will help to enhance the home and work environments, improve individual and organization performance and increase the commitment of nurses.

Almalki Mohammed J

2012-09-01

282

Re-envisioning paediatric nurse training in a re-engineered health care system  

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Full Text Available Background: South African’s infant and child mortality rates remain high and at the current rate of decline will not meet the Millennium Development Goals of a two thirds decrease by 2015. At the latest available count, there were fewer than 1500 qualified paediatric nurses on the National South African Nursing Council register, with only about 100 nurses graduating with this qualification from South African nursing schools annually. It is not clear, however, if current paediatric nurse training programmes adequately equip nurses to make a real impact on reducing the under-5 mortality rate. In their 2011 interim report, the Ministerial Committee on Morbidity and Mortality in Children under 5 years recommended strengthening paediatric nurses’ training as a strategy to reduce the under-5 mortality rate. Method: In response to the Committee on Morbidity and Mortality in Children recommendation, a colloquium was convened as a national forum for schools of nursing, departments of health, health care facilities, clinicians and regulatory bodies to advance children’s nursing in South Africa. Objectives: The goals of the colloquium were to thoroughly investigate the situation in South Africa’s paediatric nurse training, plot ways to strengthen and expand postgraduate paediatric programmes to meet priority child health needs, and to build relationships between the various schools and stakeholders. Results: Outcomes included the clarification and strengthening of a ‘stakeholder grid’ in nurse training, recognition of the need for more active teaching and learning strategies in curricula linked to national child health priorities, as well as the need to develop and support clinical nursing practice in facilities.

Minette Coetzee

2014-10-01

283

Re-envisioning paediatric nurse training in a re-engineered health care system  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: South African's infant and child mortality rates remain high and at the current rate of decline will not meet the Millennium Development Goals of a two thirds decrease by 2015. At the latest available count, there were fewer than 1500 qualified paediatric nurses on the National South Afr [...] ican Nursing Council register, with only about 100 nurses graduating with this qualification from South African nursing schools annually. It is not clear, however, if current paediatric nurse training programmes adequately equip nurses to make a real impact on reducing the under-5 mortality rate. In their 2011 interim report, the Ministerial Committee on Morbidity and Mortality in Children under 5 years recommended strengthening paediatric nurses' training as a strategy to reduce the under-5 mortality rate. METHOD: In response to the Committee on Morbidity and Mortality in Children recommendation, a colloquium was convened as a national forum for schools of nursing, departments of health, health care facilities, clinicians and regulatory bodies to advance children's nursing in South Africa. OBJECTIVES: The goals of the colloquium were to thoroughly investigate the situation in South Africa's paediatric nurse training, plot ways to strengthen and expand postgraduate paediatric programmes to meet priority child health needs, and to build relationships between the various schools and stakeholders. RESULTS: Outcomes included the clarification and strengthening of a 'stakeholder grid' in nurse training, recognition of the need for more active teaching and learning strategies in curricula linked to national child health priorities, as well as the need to develop and support clinical nursing practice in facilities.

Minette, Coetzee.

284

Health dialogues between pupils and school nurses : a description of the verbal interaction  

OpenAIRE

Objective:The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the content and the verbal interaction in health dialogues between pupils and school nurses. Method: Twenty-four health dialogues were recorded using a video camera and the conversations were analysed using the paediatric version of the Roter Interaction analysis system. Results:The results showed that the age appropriate topics suggested by national recommendations were brought up in most of the health dialogues. The nurses were...

Golsa?ter, Marie; Lingfors, Hans; Sidenvall, Birgitta; Enska?r, Karin

2012-01-01

285

Community mental health nurses’ experience of decentralised and integrated psychiatric-mental health care services in the Southern mental health region of Botswana (part 1)  

OpenAIRE

Since the inception of the decentralisation and integration of psychiatric mental health care services into the general health care delivery system in Botswana, there has never been a study to investigate what community mental health nurses are experiencing due to the policy. Many of these nurses have been leaving the scantily staffed mental health care services in increasing numbers to join other sectors of health or elsewhere since the beginning of the implementation of the policy. During ...

Maphorisa, M. K.; Poggenpoel, M.; Myburgh, C. P. H.

2002-01-01

286

Assessing undergraduate nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, and cultural competence in caring for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients experience barriers to health care that include fear of discrimination, as well as insensitivity and lack of knowledge about LGBT-specific health needs among providers. This study examined the effectiveness of an educational intervention designed to improve knowledge and attitudes of baccalaureate nursing students regarding LGBT patient care. Education focused on key terminology, health disparities, medical needs of transgender patients, and culturally sensitive communication skills for competent LGBT patient care. Knowledge level and attitudes were evaluated before and after the intervention using a survey based on a modified Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men Scale and two assessment tools developed for this study. A statistically significant increase in positive attitudes and knowledge level was found immediately after the intervention. Findings from this study support the inclusion of education related to LGBT patient health care in undergraduate nursing curricula to promote cultural competence and sensitivity. PMID:25535762

Strong, Kristy L; Folse, Victoria N

2015-01-01

287

Situational analysis of teaching and learning of medicine and nursing students at Makerere University College of Health Sciences  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS in Uganda is undergoing a major reform to become a more influential force in society. It is important that its medicine and nursing graduates are equipped to best address the priority health needs of the Ugandan population, as outlined in the government’s Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP. The assessment identifies critical gaps in the core competencies of the MakCHS medicine and nursing and ways to overcome them in order to achieve HSSP goals. Methods Documents from the Uganda Ministry of Health were reviewed, and medicine and nursing curricula were analyzed. Nineteen key informant interviews (KII and seven focus group discussions (FGD with stakeholders were conducted. The data were manually analyzed for emerging themes and sub-themes. The study team subsequently used the checklists to create matrices summarizing the findings from the KIIs, FGDs, and curricula analysis. Validation of findings was done by triangulating information from the different data collection methods. Results The core competencies that medicine and nursing students are expected to achieve by the end of their education were outlined for both programs. The curricula are in the process of reform towards competency-based education, and on the surface, are well aligned with the strategic needs of the country. But implementation is inadequate, and can be changed: • Learning objectives need to be more applicable to achieving competencies. • Learning experiences need to be more relevant for competencies and setting in which students will work after graduation (i.e. not just clinical care in a tertiary care facility. • Student evaluation needs to be better designed for assessing these competencies. Conclusion MakCHS has made a significant attempt to produce relevant, competent nursing and medicine graduates to meet the community needs. Ways to make them more effective though deliberate efforts to apply a competency-based education are possible.

Kiguli Juliet

2011-03-01

288

Research brief: using a Wiki to support student nurses learning discipline specific health terminology.  

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This study aimed to clarify whether a collaborative exercise using a Wiki to teach nursing students health-specific terminology resulted in better learning. In one New Zealand School of Nursing a list of health-related and discipline-specific terms was created, first-year nursing students were expected to learn these before their initial clinical practice. However, students found the terms difficult to learn. The use of a collaborative Wiki exercise to create a glossary of health terms was seen as a way to aid student learning, while also providing a learning environment where students would develop collaborative skills. PMID:24839746

Honey, Michelle; Doherty, Iain

2014-03-01

289

Enabling nursing students to focus on the Ottawa Charter and the nurses role in tackling inequalities in health through international exchange.  

Science.gov (United States)

Student nurses in a transatlantic exchange program explored the role of registered nurses in five countries' public health systems. The Ottawa Charter provided a framework for students to examine the nurse's responsibilities in public health. Students took practice placements in geographically rural a reason another continent and explored inequalities in health care. If nurses are to understand their role in the health care system then they must be taught the scope of their practice including their role in health promotion,public health practice and community development. For this project nursing instructors developed an assignment relevant to the aims and suitable for students in all five nursing programs. Only three of 48 students offered an assignment which focused on building healthy public policy. Nurse educators need to explore this further to ensure nurses of the future are aware of their role and responsibilities in this area and have skills to work effectively to influence and build healthy policy. The international student exchange supported the students' developing understanding of the breadth of initiatives around the globe where nurses are actively engaged in addressing inequalities of health. Findings from an analysis of their assignments are presented in this evaluative report. PMID:20556881

Aarts, C; Nordstrom, P M; Koskinen, L; Juhansoo, T; Mitchell, M P; Marquis, F; Chassé, F; Critchley, K; Campbell, B; Hemingway, A

2010-07-01

290

An integrated system's nursing shared governance model: a system chief nursing officer's synergistic vehicle for leading a complex health care system.  

Science.gov (United States)

Seton Nursing reengineered previous models of care and leadership to accommodate rapid growth of its health care system from individual acute care sites to a health care system with consistent quality and standardization of like units across the system. Shared governance promotes collaboration with shared decision making and accountability; however, the role and methods of a system chief nursing officer to connect shared governance across a new system has not been previously described. A system chief nursing officer can significantly influence and guide the nursing strategic direction at all the health care system-related facilities by utilizing a single, systemwide nursing shared governance structure. Using this structure provides a venue to maximize the influence of a transformational leader and creates efficiencies in workforce development, resource management, best practice identification, and spread of initiatives and improvements to adapt to an ever-changing health care landscape. This is the story of one such system chief nursing officer. PMID:22955224

Burkman, Karen; Sellers, Diana; Rowder, Cheryl; Batcheller, Joyce

2012-01-01

291

A Perspective Of Nursing In Zimbabwe.  

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Full Text Available This article describes nursing in Zimbabwe within the context of primary health care, delineating various levels of delivery of nursing practice, educational preparation levels and implications for practice. This picture is intended to capture the quality of nursing care that is congruent to clients’ expectations of the ever-changing Zimbabwean society. Nursing programs at various levels include health assessment, nursing process and nursing research. Clinical specialization including functional majors such as nursing education, nursing administration as well as health economics and budgeting have greater emphasis at the Masters level. The practice of nursing assists individuals, groups and communities to attain the ability to exercise their self-care to enhance health promotion.

Mapanga, K. G., Mapanga, M. B

2000-05-01

292

Utilisation and costs of nursing agencies in the South African public health sector, 2005–2010  

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Full Text Available Background: Globally, insufficient information exists on the costs of nursing agencies, which are temporary employment service providers that supply nurses to health establishments and/or private individuals. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the utilisation and direct costs of nursing agencies in the South African public health sector. Design: A survey of all nine provincial health departments was conducted to determine utilisation and management of nursing agencies. The costs of nursing agencies were assumed to be equivalent to expenditure. Provincial health expenditure was obtained for five financial years (2005/6–2009/10 from the national Basic Accounting System database, and analysed using Microsoft Excel. Each of the 166,466 expenditure line items was coded. The total personnel and nursing agency expenditure was calculated for each financial year and for each province. Nursing agency expenditure as a percentage of the total personnel expenditure was then calculated. The nursing agency expenditure for South Africa is the total of all provincial expenditure. The 2009/10 annual government salary scales for different categories of nurses were used to calculate the number of permanent nurses who could have been employed in lieu of agency expenditure. All expenditure is expressed in South African rands (R; US$1 ? R7, 2010 prices. Results: Only five provinces reported utilisation of nursing agencies, but all provinces showed agency expenditure. In the 2009/10 financial year, R1.49 billion (US$212.64 million was spent on nursing agencies in the public health sector. In the same year, agency expenditure ranged from a low of R36.45 million (US$5.20 million in Mpumalanga Province (mixed urban-rural to a high of R356.43 million (US$50.92 million in the Eastern Cape Province (mixed urban-rural. Agency expenditure as a percentage of personnel expenditure ranged from 0.96% in KwaZulu-Natal Province (mixed urban-rural to 11.96% in the Northern Cape Province (rural. In that financial year, a total of 5369 registered nurses could have been employed in lieu of nursing agency expenditure. Conclusions: The study findings should inform workforce planning in South Africa. There is a need for uniform policies and improved management of commercial nursing agencies in the public health sector.

Laetitia C. Rispel

2014-12-01

293

The development of faith community nursing programs as a response to changing Australian health policy.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses the context of Australian health care and the policy directions being implemented to meet current challenges. It demonstrates why and how faith community nursing/nurses (FCN) programs commenced within Australia as an innovative response to health policy, changing health needs and altering social and economic trends. The FCN demonstration project is described, and the unfolding FCN role and its relationship to the evolving health care continuum is discussed. Faith community (parish/pastoral) nursing fosters community participation in health and promotes whole person health, within the supported social and culturally specific context of a faith community. The FCN provides individuals and communities with health promotion and illness prevention activities, as well as care management services, and helps clarify and nurture the relationship between faith and health. PMID:9813748

van Loon, A

1998-12-01

294

Health Occupations Curriculum. Skills and Theory for Practical Nurse. Units 18, 19, and 20.  

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Part of a health occupations program, these instructional units consist of materials for use by those who are studying to become practical nurses. Covered in the units are the following: the nursing care of mothers and newborns (obstetrics, prenatal care and complications, patient needs, care of the newborn, prematurity, medications, and cultural…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

295

Learning Motivational Interviewing: Exploring Primary Health Care Nurses' Training and Counselling Experiences  

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Objective: This article explores the training and counselling experiences of 20 nurses, aiming to identify key elements in the process of learning and applying motivational interviewing (MI) counselling skills with adherence to protocols. Setting/method: The nurses were recruited from 10 primary health care units in Ostergotland, Sweden. The study…

Soderlund, Lena Lindhe; Nilsen, Per; Kristensson, Margareta

2008-01-01

296

Burnout among nurses.  

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There is much research into the relationship between workload pressures and nurses' stress levels, and into how working long hours affects health. This study, however, concerns the association between core self-evaluation, an assessment of personality traits that predispose to job satisfaction, for example, and burnout among nurses in China. PMID:25659793

2015-02-01

297

Educating nurses to protect the past or to advance health care?: A polemic.  

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Internationally, nursing is challenged by recruitment and retention issues. On the one hand nursing is expanding and extending practice whilst on the other, lesser skilled workers are undertaking many roles which were previously fulfilled by nurses. This opinion paper contextualises the current debate and outlines many of the reasons that have been proffered for the apparent shortage. It then progresses to suggest strategies that may ensure nursing remains relevant to contemporary health care. Essentially a presentation of the authors' views, the intent of the paper is to generate debate. PMID:11878549

Nay, R; Pearson, A

2001-01-01

298

Precautions used by occupational health nursing students during clinical placements  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Protection of health care workers including students from being infected when caring for high risk patients is a major cause for concern to all promoting occupational health. Safety of every employee is mandatory. Furthermore, universal guidelines for precautions must be used by all interacting with [...] high risk patients and clients to protect themselves and prevent the spread of infection. The aim of this paper was to ascertain the availability of universal guidelines for precautions against the spread of infection in clinical settings and determine the precautions used by OHN students during their clinical placements. To realise these objectives, a quantitative and descriptive design was followed. A purposive sampling method was used to select 45 Occupational health nursing students who participated in the study. Data was collected with the use of a structured questionnaire and the results revealed that: most units where OHN students were placed for clinical experience had guidelines for universal precautions although these were not always accessible to them; regarding compliance to universal precautions, OHN students were reportedly aware of the hazards of failure to comply although in some emergencies and where personal protective material was not available, they had to provide care without using protective equipments. Recommendations made include that employers and staff at all occupational settings must ensure that updated guidelines for universal precautions are available and accessible to every body interacting with high risk patients; health care providers and students must be fully informed about and should always adhere to universal precautions.

TMM, Maja; MJ, Motshudi.

299

Nurse Practitioner Led Health Facility (Role 1 on Exercise Precision Support, 2011: A nurse practitioners observational report  

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Full Text Available Late in 2011, the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF deployed a Role One enhanced health facility in support of Exercise Precision Support. The Role One health facility was deployed to the Shoalwater Bay military training area and tasked with providing 24 hour care during the pre-deployment exercise for Australian forces headed to operations overseas. The Precision Support exercise integrates with air operations, large scale logistic movements and austere base establishment elements, to aid in the preparation, training and sustainment of service personnel for operational roles, both in a conflict environment as well as humanitarian aid roles. The Role One provided this medical support with 2 Emergency Nurse Practitioners (ENPs, Registered Nurses (RNs, Medical Assistants (MAs and Radiographers. The ENPs took on the role of the senior clinicians during this exercise, competently managing all of the health complaints that presented during the exercise period. This article will discuss and review the role of the Nurse Practitioner (NP within a Role One, deployed Defence health facility, build on international evidence whilst supporting the utilisation of NPs in the RAAF Health Service and subsequently more widely in the greater Australian Defence Force (ADF. This article will provide some practical evidence enabling health commanders to recognise, deploy and fully utilise NPs, in order to support current and future ADF operations.

Danny O'Neill

2013-09-01

300

Development of an Electronic Role-Play Assessment Initiative in Bioscience for Nursing Students  

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Devising authentic assessments for subjects with large enrolments is a challenge. This study describes an electronic role-play assessment for approximately 600 first-year nursing students to learn and apply pathophysiology (bioscience) concepts to nursing practice. Students used Microsoft Office PowerPoint[R] to prepare electronic role-plays both…

Craft, Judy; Ainscough, Louise

2015-01-01

301

ASSESSING SATISFACTION WITH THE NURSING CARE OF OLDER PATIENTS  

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Full Text Available Assessing patients’ views indicates to patients that we are concerned about continuous assessment and improvingservices in general. It also indicates that we are a conscientious professional within a genuine humanistic line of work. Thepaper discusses the many theoretical and methodological problems that have arisen from attempts to measure andquantify patient satisfaction. Numerical data are thought to be ‘sterile’ without any insight into personal meanings. On theother hand purely qualitative methods have not been widely used. This discussion paper ends with the formulation of twosimple questions which can help us to explore and negotiate patients’ needs and satisfaction. Two non-offensivestraightforward questions are proposed as examples which could be used on a regular basis by nurses caring for olderpatients.

Pediaditaki O.

2009-10-01

302

[A comparison of general health and potential predictors of general health among nurses in different age groups in Germany].  

Science.gov (United States)

The increasing need for certified nursing staff moves healthy ageing in the nursing profession into the focus of scientific consideration. The purpose of this investigation consisted a) in an age-differentiated, longitudinal consideration of the general state of health and b) in an age differentiated identification of variables which forecast the general state of health of the nursing forces after 12 months. The identification of suitable predictors should give indications in which areas interventions could begin. The investigation based on data of the NEXT study. The analysis of the general health situation by means of ANOVA proved that older persons showed a worse state of health than younger. Besides, the general state of health changed stronger in older nursing forces after one year. The identification of the health predictors was carried out by means of linear regression. Results exhibited that work family-conflict was a significant predictor in every age group. While leadership quality for younger persons was another important factor, quantitative demands and social support from colleagues forecasted the health situation after one year for medium old employees. For older nursing forces, a good relationship with the superiors seemed to be an important component for preservation of a good health status. The different results in the examined age groups indicate that intervention measures, which have the purpose to hold up the general state of health as long as possible, should be implemented age-differentiatedly. PMID:22290512

Galatsch, Michael; Iskenius, Mario; Müller, Bernd Hans; Hasselhorn, Hans Martin

2012-02-01

303

Health complaints among nurses working near MRI scanners-A descriptive pilot study  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A questionnaire-based descriptive pilot study was conducted among all nurses routinely working with MRI in the Northern part of Sweden to provide an indication of the self-reported prevalence of health complaints related to working with MRI systems. Fifty-nine nurses (88% response rate), with on average 8 ({+-}6) years experience with MRI scanning procedures, returned the questionnaire. In total, 9 nurses (15%) reported regularly experiencing at least one of the health complaints (1-5% for specific health complaints) attributed to arise or be aggravated by their presence in the MRI scanning room. Stratification of the results indicated that reporting of adverse symptoms was not related to the level of occupational workload/stress. However, reporting of health complaints was related to the strength of the magnet(s) the nurses worked with, with 57% of symptoms reported by those nurses working with the strongest systems (both 1.5 and 3 T scanners in this population). Although this descriptive study did not include a control population and was based on self-reporting of health complaints, these data indicate that the prevalence of reported health complaints is not related to perceived work load or occupational stress, but does confirm data from other occupational sectors and indicates that the prevalence of adverse health complaints increases with the strength of the MRI system for nurses as well.

Wilen, Jonna, E-mail: jonna.wilen@radfys.umu.se [Department of Radiation Sciences, Umea University, S-901 87 Umea (Sweden); Vocht, Frank de, E-mail: Frank.deVocht@manchester.ac.uk [Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Community Based Medicine, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom)

2011-11-15

304

Health complaints among nurses working near MRI scanners-A descriptive pilot study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire-based descriptive pilot study was conducted among all nurses routinely working with MRI in the Northern part of Sweden to provide an indication of the self-reported prevalence of health complaints related to working with MRI systems. Fifty-nine nurses (88% response rate), with on average 8 (±6) years experience with MRI scanning procedures, returned the questionnaire. In total, 9 nurses (15%) reported regularly experiencing at least one of the health complaints (1-5% for specific health complaints) attributed to arise or be aggravated by their presence in the MRI scanning room. Stratification of the results indicated that reporting of adverse symptoms was not related to the level of occupational workload/stress. However, reporting of health complaints was related to the strength of the magnet(s) the nurses worked with, with 57% of symptoms reported by those nurses working with the strongest systems (both 1.5 and 3 T scanners in this population). Although this descriptive study did not include a control population and was based on self-reporting of health complaints, these data indicate that the prevalence of reported health complaints is not related to perceived work load or occupational stress, but does confirm data from other occupational sectors and indicates that the prevalence of adverse health complaints increases with the strength of the MRI system for nurses as well.

305

Bioethical implications in the act of nursing who provides assistance at mental health  

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Full Text Available Objective: to analyze the understanding of nurses on care in the area of Mental Health and identify the association between bioethics and care in mental health. Methodology: qualitative research in the Psychosocial Care Center (CAPS III, located in the countryside of Minas Gerais state. Data were collected through interviews with four nurses from the CAPS III. The results were analyzed through the technique of the Discourse of the Collective Subject. The research project was approved of the Research Ethics Committee of the Catholic University of Minas Gerais (CAAE 0047.0.213.000-08. Results: the nurses’ role in mental health as it is hybrid and that requires different skills. Conclusion: there is the paradigm shift from the practice of nurses in mental health to still find itself in duality models of care to the sufferers of mental disorders.

Nadja Cristiane Lappann Botti, Vanessa Carvalho de Araújo

2009-07-01

306

77 FR 60128 - Noncompetitive Supplements to Nursing Assistant and Home Health Aide Program Grantees  

Science.gov (United States)

...Vocational Service and Employment Center, 216 W. Jackson Boulevard...Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC) School of Nursing, 302 Pine Street...T51HP20698 St. Joseph Medical Center, P.O. Box 316,...

2012-10-02

307

Public Health Nurses Promoting Healthy Lifestyles (PHeeL-PHiNe): Methodology and Feasibility.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mother and Child Health Clinics have provided preventive health services in Israel for nearly a century. The Public Health Nurses Promote Healthy Lifestyles Program was developed to assist families in adopting healthy behaviors. The program ran in the Jerusalem District from 2009 to 2011. After piloting, 175 public health nurses received training and interventions took place in 45 clinics serving parents of 167 213 infant and toddlers per year. When evaluation is completed, our hope is to incorporate the program into Mother and Child Health Clinic services regularly provided nationwide, thereby becoming an integral part of the initiative, Healthy Israel 2020. PMID:25748265

Polak, Rani; Constantini, Naama W; Verbov, Gina; Edelstein, Naomi; Hasson, Ronnie; Lahmi, Michele; Cohen, Rivka; Maoz, Shuli; Daoud, Nihaya; Bentov, Nathalie; Aharony, Hannah Soltz; Stein-Zamir, Chen

2015-01-01

308

Responding to health care reform by addressing the institute of medicine report on the future of nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

The current health care environment has heightened the importance of achieving positive patient outcomes and excellent customer satisfaction. To remain competitive, health care organizations must adapt quickly to changing regulatory requirements, quality improvement initiatives, and customer expectations. To ensure nursing practice at the Saint Clare's Health System in Northwest New Jersey is at the forefront of leading change, the nursing staff has embraced the Institute of Medicine report The Future of Nursing: Leading Change. The empowered nursing team has applied Benner's Novice to Expert model and McCauley's Careful Nursing Theory as the foundation for nursing practice. The ability to apply evidence-based nursing research and cultivate professional development at the bedside has resulted in retention of expert nurses at the bedside. Engaging the nursing team has resulted in increased patient satisfaction and improved clinical outcomes. Advanced practice nurses play an important role to mentor the nursing staff and promote an interdisciplinary, collaborative relationship between all health care disciplines and community support programs. Nurses are recognized for their accomplishments and encouraged to obtain specialty certification, advanced degrees, and earn state and national recognition through professional organizations. The professional nurses at the Saint Clare's Health System are prepared to work in whatever environment the new normal creates. PMID:22677961

Ellerbe, Suellyn; Regen, Debra

2012-01-01

309

Nurse-sensitive health care outcomes in acute care settings: an integrative analysis of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

With the advent of profit maximization in health care came an increased focus on defining quality through outcomes achieved. The article describes an analysis of the nursing literature from 1974 to 1996 using Donabedian's structure-process-outcome framework and the specific indicators identified by the American Nurses Association report card, the Institute of Medicine, and the nursing-sensitive outcomes classification. Although evidence exists documenting nursing's positive impact on patient outcomes, this analysis suggests a real need to integrate our clinical and administrative studies and to employ a more comprehensive, longitudinal, multifacility approach if we are to answer the scientific question regarding which nursing structures and processes truly produce the best health outcomes. PMID:9097521

Pierce, S F

1997-04-01

310

The management of the health system and the formation of the nurse: exploratory research of field  

OpenAIRE

This study it analyzes the ways of performance of the nurse in the different fields of the management of the health system, identifying intervening factors in the management process; aspects related to its formation that favor or harm the practical one of the management, as also, the necessary preceding experiences to the performance of the paper of manager in the present time. A exploratory research of field with nurses of 11 pertaining cities to the Regional Management of Health of Manhumir...

Claudia Aarestrup; Claudia Mara de Melo Tavares

2007-01-01

311

The community health clinics as a learning context for student nurses  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of the research study was to describe guidelines to improve the community health clinics as a learning context conducive to learning. The objectives of the study commenced by getting the perception of student nurses from a nursing college in Gauteng; community sisters from ten community health clinics in the Southern Metropolitan Local Council and college tutors from a college in Gauteng. The research design and method used, consisting of a qualitative, exploratory, descriptive an...

Mb, Makupu; Botes, A.

2000-01-01

312

Weight Care Project: Health professionals' attitudes and ability to assess body weight status - Study protocol  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Abstract Background Health professionals working in primary care and public health have opportunities to address body weight status issues with their patients through face-to-face contact. The objectives of this all-Ireland project are: 1. to assess the attitudes, current practices\\/behaviours and knowledge of key health professional groups on body weight status; 2. to assess the health professional groups\\' ability to identify body weight status in both adults and children. The health professional groups are: (a) community related public health nurses; (b) school public health nurses; (c) GPs and practice nurses (primary care); and (d) occupational health nurses (workplace) from both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Methods\\/Design This all-Ireland multi-disciplinary project follows a mixed methods approach using both quantitative and qualitative methodologies, and consists of four components: 1. Literature review - to explore the role of health professionals in managing obesity through spontaneous intervention in a variety of health promotion settings. 2. Telephone interviews and focus groups - to gain an in-depth insight into the views of health professionals in assessing body weight status. 3. Survey (primarily online but also paper-based) - to determine the attitudes, current practices\\/behaviours and knowledge of health professionals in assessing body weight status. 4. Online evaluation study - an online interactive programme will be developed to assess health professionals\\' ability to identify the body weight status of adults and children. Discussion This project will assess and report the attitudes, current practices\\/behaviours and knowledge of key health professional groups within Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland on body weight status, and their ability to identify body weight status in both adults and children. The results of this project will generate recommendations for clinical practice in managing obesity, which may inform policy guidelines.

Moorhead, Anne

2011-03-31

313

Weight Care Project: Health professionals' attitudes and ability to assess body weight status - Study protocol  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Health professionals working in primary care and public health have opportunities to address body weight status issues with their patients through face-to-face contact. The objectives of this all-Ireland project are: 1. to assess the attitudes, current practices/behaviours and knowledge of key health professional groups on body weight status; 2. to assess the health professional groups' ability to identify body weight status in both adults and children. The health professional groups are: (a community related public health nurses; (b school public health nurses; (c GPs and practice nurses (primary care; and (d occupational health nurses (workplace from both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Methods/Design This all-Ireland multi-disciplinary project follows a mixed methods approach using both quantitative and qualitative methodologies, and consists of four components: 1. Literature review - to explore the role of health professionals in managing obesity through spontaneous intervention in a variety of health promotion settings. 2. Telephone interviews and focus groups - to gain an in-depth insight into the views of health professionals in assessing body weight status. 3. Survey (primarily online but also paper-based - to determine the attitudes, current practices/behaviours and knowledge of health professionals in assessing body weight status. 4. Online evaluation study - an online interactive programme will be developed to assess health professionals' ability to identify the body weight status of adults and children. Discussion This project will assess and report the attitudes, current practices/behaviours and knowledge of key health professional groups within Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland on body weight status, and their ability to identify body weight status in both adults and children. The results of this project will generate recommendations for clinical practice in managing obesity, which may inform policy guidelines.

Murphy Kathy

2011-03-01

314

Trends in self-rated health among nurses: a 4-year longitudinal study on the transition from nursing education to working life.  

Science.gov (United States)

For nurses, the transition from higher education to working life involves several types of changes and seems to be a major contributing cause of distress and, consequently, ill health on a longer term basis. The aim of this study was to longitudinally monitor the development of self-rated health (SRH) in nurses, starting from the last semester at the university with subsequent follow-ups when the nurses had entered working life. The Longitudinal Analyses of Nurses' Education and working life is an ongoing nationwide longitudinal project focusing on mapping health and career development in nurses in Sweden. SRH is one of the most widely used single-item measures of perceived health status with a well-established predictive ability on future health outcomes, including morbidity and mortality. This study found a small but significant and continuous decline in SRH among nurses during 3 years of follow-ups, starting from their last semester of nursing education and continuing 3 years into their working life. The most pronounced decline in SRH seems to occur in the transition between student life and working life and is most explicit among the youngest nurses. However, the long-term effect on SRH when entering into working life seems to be more pronounced among the older nurses. PMID:20129594

Hasson, Dan; Lindfors, Petra; Gustavsson, Petter

2010-01-01

315

Director of nursing finance: controlling health care costs.  

Science.gov (United States)

Vice Presidents of Nursing in 250 hospitals throughout the United States were asked whether they have someone who is responsible for the nursing division budget as well as coordinating all the department's financial matters. Job duties believed to be relevant to a Director of Nursing Finance position were explored as well as who within the hospital's organizational structure typically performs these job duties. PMID:7478366

Zachry, B R; Gilbert, R L; Gragg, M

1995-11-01

316

A regional approach to the education of nurse practitioner candidates to meet the health needs of rural Australians.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Background: Local health services expressed interest in supporting a nurse practitioner program specifically designed for rural practice environments. Aim: To develop and deliver a generalist nurse practitioner program that prepares candidates for practice in rural contexts. Methods: The Master of Clinical Nursing (Nurse Practitioner) program was designed with an understanding of the burden of disease impacting on rural Australians, application of the national health priorities, the Australian Government's refocus on preventative health care and rural health workforce shortages. Results: This program offers nurses who work in rural and remote settings an opportunity to advance their careers. Increasing the numbers of rural nurse practitioners will improve rural populations access to healthcare and potentially improve health outcomes. Conclusion: This program will equip those seeking endorsement as a nurse practitioner to effectively work in rural contexts. PMID:25429988

Francis, Karen; Boyd, Michal; Latham, Heather; Anderson, Judith; Bradley, Angela; Manners, Jan

2014-11-28

317

Traveling with the occupational health nurses in China: a perspective today.  

Science.gov (United States)

Focus in this report of a group tour of occupational health nurses from the US to China and the Philippines in May 1982 is on the visit to Shanghai, Soochow, Peking, and Manila. The trip was designed to develop a professional exchange between the 2 countries and to obtain continuing education units in Occupational Health Nursing. It was an opportunity for the US nurses to personally meet professional associates. Advance reading material was mailed to each tour participant for review prior to the trip. Focusing on the contrasting health delivery care system in China, emphasis was on the traditional and nontraditional treatment methods. Activities such as acupuncture, acupressure, and use of herbs and nontraditional medications were described. Health care in urban and rural areas is contrasted for variances. At this time the treatment theory and practice of psychology in the Western world is being challenged by concepts from other disciplines. Critics of the US model claim that it is culture bound with the disease oriented model rather than the new therapies with the preventive and holistic concept, the body mind integration, and the assumption of responsibility for oneself and the events which occur in one's life. During the tour of Shanghai a visit to the Commune provided an opportunity to experience the agricultural, industrial, and medical environment of that community population. The barefoot doctors today number 1 million and are formally trained in some Western methods. These doctors, usually women have received formal training, generally serve in the community in which they were trained and concentrate on prevention, counseling, and treatment of common disorders. The practice of the barefoot doctor involves counseling in birth control and on the need for birth control and refilling some prescriptions and pelvic reexaminations. As a result of the Commune tour it was evident that Chinese nurses in their Commune hospitals are involved in the total care plan of Commune operations but are not involved in occupational health nursing. The tour group met with the public health and occupational health nurses at the Philippine Nurses Association headquarters buildling. 100,000 registered nurses are spread out over 7000 islands. The occupational health nurses are required by the government to update their education. The Philippine Occupational Health Nurses Association conducts an aggressive educational program with meetings and seminars. Standards of practice for the occupational health nurse are not yet developed, but it is a goal which they expect to accomplish. PMID:6551742

Seaver, M E

1983-05-01

318

Continuing education for primary health care nurse practitioners in Ontario, Canada.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Council of Ontario University Programs in Nursing offers a nine-university, consortium-based primary health care nurse practitioner education program and on-line continuing education courses for primary health care nurse practitioners. Our study sought to determine the continuing education needs of primary health care nurse practitioners across Ontario, how best to meet these needs, and the barriers they face in completing continuing education. Surveys were completed by 83 (40%) of 209 learners who had participated in continuing education offered by the Council of Ontario University Programs in Nursing between 2004 and 2007. While 83% (n=50) of nurse practitioners surveyed indicated that continuing education was extremely important to them, they also identified barriers to engaging in continuing education offerings including; time intensity of the courses, difficulty taking time off work, family obligations, finances and fatigue. The most common reason for withdrawal from a continuing education offering was the difficulty of balancing work and study demands. Continuing education opportunities are important to Ontario primary health care nurse practitioners, and on-line continuing education offerings have been well received, but in order to be taken up by their target audience they must be relevant, readily accessible, flexible, affordable and offered over brief, intense periods of time using technology that is easy to use and Internet sites that are easily navigated. PMID:22889580

Baxter, Pamela; DiCenso, Alba; Donald, Faith; Martin-Misener, Ruth; Opsteen, Joanne; Chambers, Tracey

2013-04-01

319

An Investigation into the Public Health Roles of Community Learning Disability Nurses  

Science.gov (United States)

International studies have shown poor uptake of public health initiatives by people with learning disabilities. In addition, studies have shown that people with learning disabilities experience poor access to public health services. The contribution of community learning disability nurses in meeting the public health needs of people with learning…

Mafuba, Kay; Gates, Bob

2015-01-01

320

Arthritis Research and Education in Nursing and Allied Health: A Forum.  

Science.gov (United States)

A summary of proceedings of the Forum on Arthritis Research and Education in Nursing and Allied Health is presented. The keynote address, "The Burden of Arthritis," by Dorothy P. Rice, provides data collected by the National Center for Health Statistics on the prevalence of arthritis, the burden it imposes, and the volume, type, and cost of health…

Public Health Service (DHHS), Rockville, MD.

321

Nursing students' perceptions of their knowledge of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues: effectiveness of a multi-purpose assignment in a public health nursing class.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nurses work with diverse populations, but the nursing literature lacks research, theoretical frameworks, or practice guidelines regarding lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) health. Through diverse teaching strategies, students explored issues related to LGBT patients, families, and nurses using a cultural humility lens. Diverse teaching strategies included readings, a 2-hour presentation on LGBT health issues, and an assignment to conduct a scripted interview with two nurse key informants, based on the Health Care Equality Index (HEI). Students completed an online LGBT awareness preinterview survey, completed interviews, and completed a postinterview survey. Students showed a significant increase in knowledge about sexual orientation and gender identity and research and interview methods from pretest to posttest. The diverse teaching strategies involved in this assignment can enhance student knowledge, attitudes, and skills related to LGBT health care needs and increase appreciation of nursing research. PMID:25545145

Carabez, Rebecca; Pellegrini, Marion; Mankovitz, Andrea; Eliason, Michele J; Dariotis, Wei Ming

2015-01-01

322

Role of community nurses in the prevention of tuberculosis in the Tshwane Health District of Gauteng  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to identify the role of community nurses in the prevention of tuberculosis (TB) and to identify problems experienced by them when fulfilling this role in the Tshwane Health District of Gauteng. A non-experimental, descriptive, quantitative research design method was [...] used to collect data from community nurses. The sample included 59 registered nurses who voluntarily agreed to participate in the study. A questionnaire was used to collect data and quantitative data analysis methods were employed. Various opinions and ideas on the role of community nurses in the prevention of TB and the problems experienced were identified. Based on the results of this research, measures to protect community nurses from contracting TB whilst on duty should be a priority. Government should support TB programmes by providing money to non-governmental organisations and direct observed treatment short course (DOTS) supporters to make follow-up visits to patients possible, thus reducing the number of defaulters. Stringent measures should be taken at all border points to ensure that foreigners are screened for TB, multidrug-resistant TB and extensively drug-resistant TB. This study was limited to community nurses in the Tshwane Health District of Gauteng who were registered with the South African Nursing Council (SANC) and therefore this study could not be generalised to registered nurses in the hospital setting or even to clinics in the rest of South Africa.

Siphiwe D., Mnisi; Mmapheko D., Peu; Salomé M., Meyer.

2012-01-01

323

The management of the health system and the formation of the nurse: exploratory research of field  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study it analyzes the ways of performance of the nurse in the different fields of the management of the health system, identifying intervening factors in the management process; aspects related to its formation that favor or harm the practical one of the management, as also, the necessary preceding experiences to the performance of the paper of manager in the present time. A exploratory research of field with nurses of 11 pertaining cities to the Regional Management of Health of Manhumirim/MG will be developed, through half-structuralized interview. One expects through the results, to demonstrate the relevancy of the formation of the nurse for the construction of the paper of managing nurse of health system.

Claudia Aarestrup

2007-04-01

324

Child protection or professional self-preservation by the baby nurses? Public health nurses and child protection in Ireland.  

Science.gov (United States)

An exploratory, focus group methodology was used to elicit the views of public health nurses (PHNs) on the topic of child welfare and protection in the context of new legislation and evolving child care policy in Ireland. The nurses' views were considerably at variance with the officially stated commitment to inter-disciplinary collaboration and coordination within the Community Care Programmes of Ireland's regional health boards. The PHNs feared that involvement in child care proceedings of a social control or adversarial nature would compromise them in terms of their traditional curative and preventive health roles, and, on this basis, argued that social workers should retain the bulk, if not all, of the responsibility for such child care activity. The nurses also defined their work roles in terms of their own traditional, professional commitment to individuals, families and communities, and felt less bound by or even aware of the corporate responsibility of their employing health board. It is concluded that the enactment of new legislation and allocation of additional resources do not resolve the issues of inter-disciplinary collaboration in this area. PMID:8844933

Butler, S

1996-08-01

325

Early health assessment of refugees.  

Science.gov (United States)

This is the first in a series of articles looking at refugee health in Australian general practice. Each year approximately 13,000 refugees settle in Australia, mostly from countries with minimal public and personal health resources. They may present in a very different manner to the rest of the population and are at risk of unfamiliar and complex illnesses. Their health care can be difficult and time consuming and the general practitioners who supply this care need support, guidance and adequate remuneration. The new Medicare Benefits Schedule item numbers 714 and 716 are an acknowledgment by the Australian government of these concerns of community GPs who are seeing refugees for their initial health assessments. This article discusses, in the context of the new item number, some of the broader issues that are important when seeing refugees for the first time. PMID:17252083

Benson, Jill; Smith, Mitchell M

2007-01-01

326

Using scenarios to assess the future supply of NHS nursing staff in England  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract This paper examines issues related to the future supply of registered nursing staff, midwives and health visitors in the National Health Service (NHS in England at a time when there are major public sector funding constraints and as more of these staff are reaching retirement age. Based on available workforce data, the paper reviews different possible scenarios for the supply of NHS nurses over a ten year period, assessing the impact of different numbers of new staff being trained and of varying retirement patterns from the ageing profession. The government in England has more policy levers available than is the case in many other countries. It determines the number of pre-registration training places that are commissioned and funded, it is the major employer, and it also controls the inflow of nurses from other countries through migration policies. Scenario models provide a picture of what the future might look like under various assumptions. These outcomes can be quantified and the results used to assess the risks and opportunities of alternate policy decisions. The approach used in this paper is that of the aggregate deterministic supply model. As part of this exercise, eight scenarios were selected and modelled. These were: A. “No change”- current inflows and outflows B. “Redundancies” - current inflow with higher outflow C. “Improved retention” - current inflow with lower outflow D. “Reduced training intakes A” - lower inflows with lower outflow E. “Reduced training intakes B” - lower inflow with higher outflows F. “Pension time-bomb”- current inflow with a higher rate of retirement G. “Pension delayed”- current inflow with a lower rate of retirement H. “Worst case” - lower inflow and higher outflow including higher retirement Most of the scenarios indicate that a reduction in the supply of nursing staff to NHS England is possible over the next ten years. Small changes in assumptions can make a substantial difference to outcomes and therefore emphasize the point that it is unwise to base policy decisions on a single projection. It is important that different scenarios are considered that may be regarded as possible futures, based on a realistic assessment of the available workforce data, policies and broader labour market and funding outlook.

Buchan James

2012-07-01

327

Using scenarios to assess the future supply of NHS nursing staff in England.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper examines issues related to the future supply of registered nursing staff, midwives and health visitors in the National Health Service (NHS) in England at a time when there are major public sector funding constraints and as more of these staff are reaching retirement age. Based on available workforce data, the paper reviews different possible scenarios for the supply of NHS nurses over a ten year period, assessing the impact of different numbers of new staff being trained and of varying retirement patterns from the ageing profession.The government in England has more policy levers available than is the case in many other countries. It determines the number of pre-registration training places that are commissioned and funded, it is the major employer, and it also controls the inflow of nurses from other countries through migration policies. Scenario models provide a picture of what the future might look like under various assumptions. These outcomes can be quantified and the results used to assess the risks and opportunities of alternate policy decisions. The approach used in this paper is that of the aggregate deterministic supply model.As part of this exercise, eight scenarios were selected and modelled. These were:A. "No change"- current inflows and outflowsB. "Redundancies" - current inflow with higher outflowC. "Improved retention" - current inflow with lower outflowD. "Reduced training intakes A" - lower inflows with lower outflowE. "Reduced training intakes B" - lower inflow with higher outflowsF. "Pension time-bomb"- current inflow with a higher rate of retirementG. "Pension delayed"- current inflow with a lower rate of retirementH. "Worst case" - lower inflow and higher outflow including higher retirementMost of the scenarios indicate that a reduction in the supply of nursing staff to NHS England is possible over the next ten years. Small changes in assumptions can make a substantial difference to outcomes and therefore emphasize the point that it is unwise to base policy decisions on a single projection. It is important that different scenarios are considered that may be regarded as possible futures, based on a realistic assessment of the available workforce data, policies and broader labour market and funding outlook. PMID:22788264

Buchan, James; Seccombe, Ian

2012-01-01

328

Changing realities: an analysis of the British Health Care system and the implications for nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

The British health care system is undergoing dramatic change as it moves from a management system based on scientific management principles towards a management system based on internal market principles. This restructuring, outlined in the British Government's White Paper, "Working for Patients" (1989), will have a significant impact on the practice of nursing. The changes will seriously affect, not only the nurse at the bedside, but also nursing management roles, practices and responsibilities. Ultimately these changes will require the radical restructuring of nursing education as British nurses know it today. This restructuring is essential if nurses are to meet and surpass the difficulties they face as their present role in the health care system is challenged, and in some areas seriously undermined. Similar problems are already being faced by Canadian nurses as they struggle to redefine the goals of their profession in light of new government strategies and policies on health care. An objective analysis of the problems faced by our British counterparts may offer insight into our own difficulties, and generate some solutions. PMID:8490037

Calvert-Simms, D

1993-01-01

329

Analysis of the nurses’ work process in the attendance at health basic units  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the Single Health System the nurses have each time more functions, responsibilities and challenges to be faced, over all as for the work in the Health Basic Units. At time of transformation of the models assistencials, it’s important to know the nurses’ work process, for contributing with the discussions that will go to reorient the practical assistencials. This is about an exploratory and descriptive study, from qualitative nature, carried through at Porto Velho city, Rondônia, Brazil, with 17 nurses, aiming at analyzing the nurses’ work process at Health Basic Units. It was lead from Malinowski, the informations analysis was carried through from the Collective Representations of Durkheim. As result, it was defined the empirical categories ? that the programming is a rule of nursing practical, breaking up the assistance and, the following representations: interfaces of the programming, mimicry with the doctors; who it is the power of: from nurses or doctors? As conclusion, the work process of the nurses still is centered in the breaking up the assistance with origin of the biomedical model; in the practical doctor; in the dispute for the power. It is necessary that knows the representations that disclose to the way as the work process is developed, so that new orientations can be elaborated.

Wilma Suely Batista Pereira

2008-07-01

330

FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE SELECTION OF LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES FOR STUDENT NURSES IN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available T he researcher, being a nursing lecturer, questioned the method of selection of learning opportunities for student nurses in two training hospitals in the Northern part of Namibia.

The study therefore focused on the following objective: To identify the factors that influence the selection of learning opportunities for primary health care in hospital units. A qualitative research design utilising focus group discussions were used. The population consisted of conveniently selected lecturers, student nurses and registered nurses. The same initial question was asked in each focus group to initiate the discussions. The data were analysed according to Tesch's method.

The results indicated that there is positive commitment from the lecturers and registered nurses to be involved in selecting appropriate learning opportunities. The student nurses also demonstrated a willingness to learn and to be exposed to learning opportunities in primary health care. There were however certain constraints that emerged as themes, namely:
• Managerial constraints • Educational constraints
Under the theme "managerial constraints" categories such as workload, nursing staff shortages and communication problems were identified. Under the theme "educational constraints" categories such as a lack of guidance, and the correlation of theory and practice emerged.

Recommendations based on this research report include improvement of in-service education on managerial and educational aspects to facilitate the primary health care approach in hospitals.

L F Small

2011-11-01

331

[Perceptions of nursing service managers in the South African Military Health Service on their level of motivation].  

Science.gov (United States)

The process of transformation in the South African Military Health Services, has influenced the nursing service managers' level of motivation and the following research question is applicable: what are the perceptions of the nursing service managers within the South African Military Health Services on their level of motivation? The purpose with this study was to explore and describe the perceptions of nursing service managers on their level of motivation within these health services. A qualitative research design was utilized and four focus group interviews were conducted with 33 nursing service managers country wide. The transcribed interviews were exposed to a content analysis. The results confirm that the level of motivation amongst these nursing service managers is low. The demotivators relate mainly to the following: inadequate acknowledgement, job insecurity in relation to the future, problems with the process of integration, transformation and rationalization, problems with management, many labour related issues, poor/inadequate communication, inadequate support, increased work load, poor physical environment, negative publicity and poor self motivation. Although there were a few motivators identified, they were of less importance. These results were interpreted within Herzberg's motivation theory to identify the hygiene/maintenance factors and to assess whether the important motivators were in place. During any process of change, and/or when the level of motivation amongst employees is low, it is important to adequately manage the environment (hygiene/maintenance factors within the Herzberg theory). But it is even more important to ensure that the motivators are in place or to intensify them. It is therefore recommended that a motivation strategy, based on the Herzberg theory as well as the Hackman-Oldham job enrichment model, be developed, implemented and evaluated. PMID:11949294

Fischer, A; Muller, M

2000-12-01

332

Disaster preparedness and response: challenges for Australian public health nurses - a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

To date, Australia has not had to respond to a nationwide catastrophic event. However, over the past decade, heat waves, bushfires, cyclones, and floods have significantly challenged Australia's disaster preparedness and the surge capacity of local and regional health systems. Given that disaster events are predicted to increase in impact and frequency, the health workforce needs to be prepared for and able to respond effectively to a disaster. To be effective, nurses must be clear regarding their role in a disaster and be able to articulate the value and relevance of this role to communities and the professionals they work with. Since almost all disasters will exert some impact on public health, it is expedient to prepare the public health nursing workforce within Australia. This paper highlights issues currently facing disaster nursing and focuses on the challenges for Australian public health nurses responding to and preparing for disasters within Australia. The paper specifically addresses public health nurses' awareness regarding their roles in disaster preparation and response, given their unique skills and central position in public health. PMID:24635900

Rokkas, Philippa; Cornell, Victoria; Steenkamp, Malinda

2014-03-01

333

A comparison of hospital- and community-based mental health nurses: perceptions of their work environment and psychological health.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compares hospital- (n = 67) and community-based (n = 55) mental health nurses in relation to their perceptions of the work environment and also their psychological health. Measures include: the General Health Questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Work Environment Scale. The data, obtained from self-returned questionnaires, show that community nurses rated their work environments higher for the dimensions of Involvement, Supervisor Support, Autonomy, Innovation and Work Pressure. Hospital nurses saw their environments as being higher in (managerial) Control. There were no differences between the groups for the dimensions of Peer Cohesion, Task Orientation, Clarity or (physical) Comfort. Furthermore, there were no overall differences between the two groups in relation to psychological health, although the pattern of factors associated with emotional well-being differed. Finally, analyses of the community data revealed that those nurses with 'flexitime' arrangements evaluated their work environments less positively and showed higher levels of psychological strain than did those working 'fixed-time' schedules. The findings suggest that the hospital and community environments make different demands on nursing staff, and that this should be considered when organizing nursing services if stress is to be avoided. PMID:7930101

Fielding, J; Weaver, S M

1994-06-01

334

AÇÕES DE PROMOÇÃO DA SAÚDE REALIZADAS POR ENFERMEIROS NA AVALIAÇÃO DO CRESCIMENTO E DESENVOLVIMENTO INFANTIL / NURSING HEALTH PROMOTION ACTIONS IN THE ASSESSMENT OF CHILD GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT / ACCIONES DE PROMOCIÓN DE LA SALUD REALIZADAS POR LAS ENFERMERAS EN LA EVALUACIÓN DE CRECIMIENTO Y DESARROLLO INFANTIL  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivou-se identificar as ações de promoção da saúde pelo enfermeiro na avaliação do crescimento e do desenvolvimento infantil e analisá-las quanto às competências essenciais da promoção da saúde preconizadas pela Public Health Agency of Canada. Realizou-se uma Revisão integrativa em cinco bases d [...] e dados, utilizando uma combinação dos termos: crescimento e desenvolvimento, criança, promoção da saúde e enfermagem. Procedeu-se a análise de 10 artigos na íntegra. Os estudos apontam que as ações de enfermagem são bem diversificadas e relacionam-se às medidas de investigação, avaliação e/ou intervenções, porém enfatizam apenas os aspectos nutricionais nesse processo, em detrimento às diferentes dimensões que contemplam o desenvolvimento infantil. Entre as sete competências identificadas, houve predomínio da avaliação e análise. Ademais, a competência diversidade e inclusão social foram identificadas em apenas dois estudos. Por fim, os enfermeiros vêem aplicando suas habilidades/competências na promoção da saúde, no entanto integram-nas sem utilizar um referencial teórico que norteie suas ações de crescimento e desenvolvimento infantil. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este trabajo fue identificar las acciones para promoción de la salud por enfermeras en la evaluación del crecimiento y desarrollo del niño y analizar las competencias básicas de promoción de la salud recomendadas por la Agencia de Salud Pública de Canadá. Se llevó a cabo una revisión [...] integradora en cinco bases de datos, utilizando una combinación de términos: crecimiento y desarrollo, niño, promoción de la salud y enfermería. Se procedió al análisis de los 10 artículos. Los autores señalaron que las Acciones de enfermería se encuentran diversificadas, y se refieren a las medidas de investigación, evaluación y/o intervenciones, sin embargo insisten en los aspectos nutricionales de este proceso, en lugar de las diferentes dimensiones que incluyen el desarrollo del niño. Entre las siete competencias identificadas, hubo predominio de la evaluación y análisis. Además, las competencias diversidad e inclusión social se identificaron en sólo dos estudios. Por último, las enfermeras ven aplicados sus conocimientos/competencias en promoción de la salud, sin utilizar un referencial teórico que oriente sus acciones en el crecimiento y desarrollo infantil. Abstract in english Aimed to identify the actions of health promotion by nurses in the assessment of child growth and development and to analyze them as core competencies of health promotion recommended by the Public Health Agency of Canada. Carried out a integrative review of five databases, using a combination of the [...] terms: growth and development, child health promotion and nursing. Proceeded to the analysis of articles 10 in its entirety. The authors pointed out that nursing actions are well diversified and relate to measures of research, assessment and /or interventions, however they only emphasize on the nutritional aspects in this process, rather than the different dimensions that include child development. Among the seven competencies identified, evaluation and analysis were predominant. Moreover, the competence diversity and inclusion were identified in only two studies. Finally, the nurses see that their skills/competencies are being applied in health promotion, incorporating them without using a theoretical framework that guides their actions in child growth and development.

FLÁVIA PAULA, MAGALHÃES MONTEIRO; THELMA LEITE, DE ARAUJO; LORENA, BARBOSA XIMENES; NEIVA FRANCENELY, CUNHA VIEIRA.

2014-04-01

335

The impact of caring for persons living with HIV and AIDS on the mental health of nurses in the Limpopo Province  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available This study assessed the impact of caring for AIDS sufferers on the mental health of nurses. This assessment was measured against the level of burnout, stress and depression among 174 nurses caring for people living with HIV and AIDS in Limpopo Province, South Africa. A structured questionnaire was u [...] sed for data collection. The questionnaire incorporated the AIDS Impact Scale (AIS), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the participants' demographic and professional profiles. Participants were conveniently selected from five selected hospitals in Limpopo Province. The study participants' valuation using the AIS showed that nurses tended to develop strong bonds and relationships with the patients; felt frustrated by their inability to help the terminally ill AIDS sufferers and were subsequently affected by the death of their patients. Personal accomplishments of the nurses remained high and the levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization levels were low. The BDI showed that over 3 out of 4 nurses were experiencing between mild mood disturbance and extreme depression. Higher average scores were noted for items of the depression scale like sadness, dissatisfaction, fatigue and low level of energy. The findings highlight the need to develop psychological support programmes for nurses caring for AIDS patients and promote the provision of social incentives and recognition of the role of nurses in AIDS care.

M, Davhana-Maselesele; JO, Igumbor.

336

Assessment and evaluation of nurses training programme on radiation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Many nurses in hospitals and clinics are concerned about the care of patients diagnosed or treated with radiation. Knowledge about radiation effects and radiological protection was in limited supply among nurses. Some nurses are anxious about the effects of occupational radiation, and they have not appropriately coped with their patients' questions about radiation effects of medical exposure. We investigated the level of knowledge about radiation among nurses and required knowledge for nurses in hospitals and clinics. Based on the results of the investigation, we designed an education and training program of lectures and practice for nurses in hospitals. After the education and training by our program was done, we evaluated the effects of the education and training with an interview and a questionnaire for each nurse. (author)

337

Necessidades de saúde de nutrizes e qualidade de vida / Health needs and quality of life of nursing mothers  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Relacionar as necessidades de saúde e a qualidade de vida de nutrizes. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 219 nutrizes selecionadas por amostra consecutiva de conveniência. O instrumento de pesquisa utilizado foi o WHOQOL-bref. RESULTADOS: O não atendimento das necessidades de saúde das nutri [...] zes esteve associado às menores médias de qualidade de vida, com diferença estatística significativa: no domínio Físico, para mulheres com necessidade de sono e repouso, apoio familiar e tempo para si; no domínio Relações Sociais, para mulheres com necessidade de apoio familiar; no domínio Meio Ambiente, para aquelas com necessidade de acesso aos serviços de saúde, ambiente adequado para amamentar e apoio profissional; no domínio Psicológico para nutrizes com necessidade de ter boa saúde mental. CONCLUSÃO: As nutrizes com necessidades de saúde não supridas apresentaram média de qualidade de vida inferior. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Establish a relationship between nursing mothers' health needs and their quality of life. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 219 nursing mothers selected by consecutive convenience sampling. The assessment instrument WHOQOL-bref was used in this study. RESULTS: A significant statistical [...] difference was found between the non-satisfaction of the nursing mothers' health needs and a lower mean quality of life score as follows: in the physical domain, for women who needed sleep and rest, family support and time for themselves; in the social relationships domain, for women who needed family support; in the environment domain, for those who needed access to health services, an appropriate environment to breastfeed and professional support; in the psychological domain, for mothers who needed good mental health. CONCLUSION: Nursing mothers with unsatisfied health needs presented a lower mean quality of life score.

Gilcéria Tochika, Shimoda; Ilva Marico Mizumoto, Aragaki; Clóvis Arlindo de, Sousa; Isilia Aparecida, Silva.

338

Social media for school nurses: promoting school health in the 21st century.  

Science.gov (United States)

People across the globe use social media to connect with one another, stay in touch with friends and family, and exchange information. Health care has embraced social media, and nursing organizations such as the American Nurses Association (ANA) and NASN have a presence in the social media landscape. The students in our schools today are digital natives who grew up with and are at home in the world of technology. With so many options in the digital world, the question is how can school nurses harness this technology to connect with their students and families? More importantly, how can school nurses use social media in a professional and responsible manner and help to enhance the profession of school nursing overall? This article will outline the planning and implementation of an ongoing social media campaign on wellness and healthy behaviors by one Texas suburban school district. PMID:25816429

Wysocki, Regina

2015-05-01

339

Assessment on nursing serviceat hospital external consulting rooms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The social needs and requests change constantly, so that health care is evolving to a more focused on the users, in order to meet users´ needs and expectations of those who are going to get our assistance. Aim: We have developed a research to evaluate the quality of the assistance received by the patientst in their first encounter in the hospital external consulting rooms of traumathology at Santa Bárbara Hospital, letting us know about the patient´s satisfaction after the consulting has finished. Material and method: A transverse descriptive study on the traumathology consulting room of Santa Bárbara Hospital in Puertollano was developed for two months. The research is formed by the patients who attend this consulting room for their first time. A self made multiple choice questionnaire, which was designe by experts, and patients were asked to answer it once their first consulting at traumathology service had finished. Results: 95.6% of the patients considered as good or very good the nursing kindness (confidence/reliabitity when seeing them; 93.5% of them considered as good or very good the information given to them and 90.6% of them considered as good or very good the medical explanations they got. We also noticed a significant statistical difference among nursing kindness (confidence/reliabitity, enough consultation time and explanations received, with regard to the variant high resolution. Conclusions: The study reveals that more than 90% of the interviewed people considered as good or very good the clinical assistance and service given. The research has allowed us to know the areas that we can work on and improve.

Mª Dolores Poyatos Ruiz

2013-05-01

340

Integrative Nursing and Health Sciences Initiatives for the 21st Century: Vision and Pedagogy at One Jesuit University  

Science.gov (United States)

The powerful and complex mandates arising from reports such as "The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health" and "Health Professionals for a New Century: Transforming Education to Strengthen Health Systems in an Interdependent World" challenge colleges and universities to reconsider how they deliver nursing…

Campbell, Suzanne Hetzel; Crabtree, Robbin D.; Kelly, Patrick

2013-01-01

341

Nursing Assessment and Intevention for Older People after Acute Medical Admission  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Geriatric patients recently discharged from hospital are at risk of unplanned readmissions and admission to nursing home. The risk increases when they are discharged directly from Emergency Department (ED). Time pressure there often requires focus on the presenting problem, although 80 % of geriatric patients have complex and often unresolved caring needs. To ensure seamless transition from the ED to the patients’ home, assessment and intervention carried out by an aged care nursing specialist is suggested as a model for assessing unresolved caring needs. Thus, the aim of this thesis was to examine the use and effect of a two-stage model for structured nursing assessment and problem solving intervention, ISAR II, carried out immediately following discharge from ED and again after 30 days and 180 days in order to assess older peoples’ unresolved problems. This thesis comprises two separate studies. Study A presents a prospective and descriptive pilot study covering 30 days and 180 days follow-ups in which the ISAR II model for structured nursing assessment and problem solving intervention was tested; 154 older persons, 70 years and over participated, their mean age was 82 (SD 7.0) and 113 (73%) were female. Study B presents a randomised controlled study where it was investigated whether the ISAR II model is effective in preventing acute hospital readmissions, permanent admission to nursing home or mortality; 271 older persons 70 years and over were included. Their mean age was 82 (SD 6.6), 180 (66%) were female and 128 (32%) refused to participate. To identify the older persons who were in greatest need of assistance a screening instrument was used, ISAR I. ISAR I comprise six questions and when scoring 2 or more the older person was considered at increased risk of readmission to hospital or functional decline and thus offered to participate in our study. Intervention: After detecting the older people at risk who were planned to be discharged, the research nurse assessed physical, emotional, and cognitive functional status and did a brief standardised nursing assessment and intervention, ISAR II, developed by McCusker et al.. ISAR II comprises a checklist of physical, mental, medical and social problems. Focus was on unresolved problems that required medical intervention, new/different community assistant services, or comprehensive geriatric assessment. After assessment the nurse made relevant referrals to geriatric outpatient clinic, community health centre, primary physician, or arrangements with next-of-kin. The assessments and ISAR II were repeated at follow-up home visits 30 days and 180 days after discharge. In Study A, it was found that the rate of readmission to hospital was 22% after 30 days and 32% after 180 days. A decrease in participants’ unresolved problems was found from 2 at baseline to 0.5 at 180 days follow-up and an increase of 13% in participants receiving community service assistance from baseline to 30 days follow-up. The ISAR II model worked well in the ED and thus it should be investigated further in a randomised controlled study. In Study B no effect was found on acute readmission to hospital, permanent admission to nursing home, or death. Though, a tendency toward earlier readmission to hospital was found in the intervention group. Effect was found in emotional wellbeing as participants in the intervention group were less likely to be at risk of depression after 180 days measured by GDS5 (P=0.05). Also a significant difference was found in participants’ tiredness scores. While fewer reported they felt not tiered, more reported they felt tiered in four to six items in the control group (p<0.0001). Participants in both groups maintained their level of physical function. In the intervention group participants’ unresolved problems diminished from 2 to 0.6 at 180 days follow-up though no significant differences in assistance provided either by the community nurse or by home help was found. A subgroup analyses of participants with an ISAR I score of 2 showed that the intervention group had li

Rosted, Elizabeth Emilie

2012-01-01

342

Annie Altschul's legacy to 20th century British mental health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Being knowledgeable about, learning from and building upon one's history is the hallmark of an enlightened and progressive profession. This includes an appreciation of the work of those who contributed to moulding the profession into what it currently is. Mental health nursing has not distinguished itself by respect for its former leaders. In this paper, the life and times of one of the most outstanding mental health nurses of the century, Professor Annie Altschul, are recalled and examined. She sought constantly to establish what should be the essence of mental health nursing and what its role should be in the alleviation of human suffering. As an outsider herself, she identified strongly with those marginalized by society. Always a spokesperson for the centrality of nursing in patient care, she saw nurses as those best placed to provide holistic care to patients whilst other professionals specialized in their biomedical, social and financial needs. Long after her retirement, Altschul remains active in supervising and examining postgraduate nursing students. She is still a voice in the mental health debate, someone whose opinions are sought and valued. PMID:10763662

Nolan, P

1999-08-01

343

Investigating the exercise-prescription practices of nurses working in inpatient mental health settings.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nurses working in mental health are well positioned to prescribe exercise to people with mental illness. However, little is known regarding their exercise-prescription practices. We examined the self-reported physical activity and exercise-prescription practices of nurses working in inpatient mental health facilities. Thirty-four nurses completed the Exercise in Mental Illness Questionnaire - Health Practitioner Version. Non-parametric bivariate statistics revealed no relationship between nurses' self-reported physical activity participation and the frequency of exercise prescription for people with mental illness. Exercise-prescription parameters used by nurses are consistent with those recommended for both the general population and for people with mental illness. A substantial number of barriers to effective exercise prescription, including lack of training, systemic issues (such as prioritization and lack of time), and lack of consumer motivation, impact on the prescription of exercise for people with mental illness. Addressing the barriers to exercise prescription could improve the proportion of nurses who routinely prescribe exercise. Collaboration with exercise professionals, such as accredited exercise physiologists or physiotherapists, might improve knowledge of evidence-based exercise-prescription practices for people with mental illness, thereby improving both physical and mental health outcomes for this vulnerable population. PMID:25639383

Stanton, Robert; Happell, Brenda; Reaburn, Peter

2015-04-01

344

Health technology assessment in Portugal.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Portuguese healthcare system is often portrayed as a National Health Service (NHS) model, characterized by universal coverage, comprehensive benefits, nearly free services, national tax financing, and public ownership or control of the factors of production. However, in reality the system fails to accomplish these features in a complete way. There coexist a number of occupation-related health insurance schemes that were originally intended to be integrated into the NHS. In addition, in key areas the NHS does not provide the wide range of services it promises. The public sector has a predominant role in the provision of hospital stays and general practitioner consultations, but the private sector provides a major portion of specialist consultations, dental consultations, and diagnostic services. Major problems in the system led to health reforms in the 1990s. New reform proposals include some specific steps concerning health technology, including standards for medical equipment based on quality, geographic distribution, sustainability, and cost-effectiveness. A new National Plan of Health Equipment was completed in 1998, aimed at improving the distribution of equipment. Despite reforms, healthcare expenditures continue to rise. There is general agreement that gains in efficiency could be made. This situation is beginning to encourage interest in health technology assessment (HTA) in Portugal, although these activities are not yet very developed. Recently, legislation requiring presentation of economic evaluations for new pharmaceutical products was enacted. Present plans also call for the creation in the future of a national agency for HTA. PMID:10932422

Pinto, M M; Ramos, F; Pereira, J

2000-01-01

345

An exploration of deaf women's access to mental health nurse education in the United Kingdom.  

Science.gov (United States)

Historically deaf people have been denied access to professional nurse education due to a range of language, communication and ideological barriers. The following study was set in the North of England and draws upon the Western experience and knowledge base of deaf people's experience of access to professional education. The aim of this study was to understand the experiences of the first British Sign Language using deaf qualified nurses before they entered the Pre-registration Diploma in Nursing Programme, during the programme and after the programme as they progressed into professional nursing roles. The purpose of the study was to gather the nurses' thoughts and feelings about their experiences and to analyse these using thematic analysis within a narrative interpretive tradition against a backdrop of Jurgen Habermas' critical theory and Paulo Freire's critical pedagogy. By drawing out significant themes to structure a deeper understanding of the nurses' unique positions, they offer a model for inclusive education practice that would support deaf people and people from minority groups into nursing and other health care professions. The signed narratives were video recorded and interpreted into written English transcripts which were then analysed to discover the underlying themes using Boyatzis' (1998) thematic analysis. The findings are set against an historical and contemporary setting of deaf people in Western society, their experiences of education, health and employment. These unique findings illustrate the significance of an accessible language environment for the nurses, the role of the organisation in ensuring access for the nurses and the impact of barriers to education and the clinical environment. The implications for education and practice supports the need to analyse the workforce required in deaf services, to scrutinize the access provided, to develop cultural competence skills, enhance the use of additional support mechanisms, generate accessible communities of practice and to draw upon the deaf nurses' own ideas and perspectives to develop accessible provision. PMID:23159007

Sharples, Naomi

2013-09-01

346

[Pain assessment in elderly nursing home residents: methods paper for the S3-guideline development].  

Science.gov (United States)

In Germany, there is currently no guideline for pain assessment in elderly people. Pain management in nursing home residents is, however, legally required. For this particular group, especially for people with dementia, suitable interdisciplinary orientations for health care are lacking in Germany. The working group "Pain and Age" of the German Pain Society ("Deutschen Schmerzgesellschaft") in conjunction with the German Centre for Neurodegenerative Diseases ("Deutschen Zentrum für Neurodegenerative Erkrankungen"), Witten, has embarked on the development of interdisciplinary S3-Guideline for "Pain Assessment in Elderly People in Nursing Homes", based on the methodology suggested by the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies ("Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften e. V."), the German Agency for Quality in Medicine ("Ärztliche Zentrum für Qualität in der Medizin"), and that described in the DELBI ("Deutschen Leitlinien-Bewertungsinstrument"). Delegates of the 38 scientific societies and interest groups currently participating can contribute to the contents on three different levels. The present article outlines the methods for developing the guideline. PMID:22810214

Sirsch, E; Schuler, M; Fischer, T; Gnass, I; Laekeman, M A; Leonhardt, C; Berkemer, E; Drebenstedt, C; Löseke, E; Schwarzmann, G; Kopke, K; Lukas, A

2012-08-01

347

How Nursing Should Respond to the Third Report of the Pew Health Professions Commission  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Third Report of the Pew Health Professions Commission, "Critical Challenges: Revitalizing the Health Professions for the Twenty-First Century" (1995, describes a transformed U.S. health care industry characterized by systems of integrated care combining primary, specialty, and hospital services. Forecasting the success of such systems, the Report states that they will produce better management, accountability, responsiveness, more effective use of resources, innovation, and diversity in health delivery, inclusivity in the definition of health, more concern about education, prevention and care management rather than treatment, more orientation to what is improving the health of the entire population, and more reliance on outcomes data and evidence. The Report predicts that these changes will cause closure of as many as half of the nation's hospitals, expansion of primary care, surpluses in the supply of physicians, nurses, and pharmacists, consolidation of allied health professions, and demand for public health professionals. The Commission's seven recommendations for nursing deal with maximizing opportunities presented by the profession's educational diversity, regulation, and educational change, downsizing particularly in diploma and associate degree programs, expanding Master's level practitioner programs, developing new models of integration between education and the systems of health care, and "recovering" the clinical management role of nursing. This paper examines and critiques the recommendations of the Commission regarding nursing and discusses the challenges they present.

Fagin, Claire

1997-12-01

348

Determining the Level of Satisfaction of Patients in Nursing Care and Health Services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine patients’ satisfaction with nursing care and health services. This descriptive study was performed with 320 inpatients at University Hospital’s internal diseases and surgical units in July and November 2011. The data were collected by a questionnaire and the Visual Analog Patient Satisfaction Scale and the Scale of Patient Perception of Hospital Experience With Nursing. For statistical evalution , SPSS(Statistical Package for Social Science 15 percent by using the program, the Student t-test, ANOVA and Kruskal- Wallis analysis was done with. The mean total score was 8.65±1.52 on the Visual Analog Patient Satisfaction Scale. The Scale of Patient Perception of Hospital Experience With Nursing, the mean total score was 65.90±11.00. Consequently, Patients were satisfied with the nursing care and health services. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(6.000: 717-724

Sevban Arslan

2012-12-01

349

Paradigms in health care and its relationship to the nursing theories: an analytical test  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: to stablish association between the prevailing paradigms in health care and current nursing practices in Brazil, also their predominant theoretical approaches. Methodology: it's an analytical test based on discussion of theories, concepts and knownledges of some authors on the subject. The research was conducted through online databases, books, theses and dissertations. The inclusion criteria were classic and recent studies that address the theme of this study. Results: the discussion was started by addressing the historical trajectory of care/caring, pointing its changes, its prospects and influence of the current and emerging paradigms, with the focus on nursing care. Conclusion: nursing nowadays is running through several changes, due to the professionals inability to find solutions to the quotidian practical issues. In this context, nursing tries to rescue the essence of human caring as its unifying focus, essential to the practice, although there is awareness that caring does not compose a paradigm in the context of human health experience.

Rodrigo Assis Neves Dantas, Walkíria Gomes da Nóbrega, Luiz Alves Morais Filho, Eurides Araújo Bezerra de Macêdo, Patrícia de Cássia Bezerra Fonseca, Bertha Cruz Enders, Rejane Maria Paiva de Menezes, Gilson de Vasconcelos Torres

2010-04-01

350

Nurse Practitioners' Knowledge, Experience, and Intention to Use Health Literacy Strategies in Clinical Practice  

OpenAIRE

Nurse practitioners' (NPs) knowledge, experience, and intention to use health literacy strategies in practice were investigated using the Theory of Planned Behavior as the theoretical framework. NPs who work in outpatient settings were recruited at a national NP conference. Participants were administered 3 self-report instruments: Health Literacy Knowledge and Experience Survey, Parts I and II; and the Health Literacy Strategies Behavioral Intention Questionnaire. Overall knowledge of health ...

Cafiero, Madeline

2013-01-01

351

Nursing in the Next Decade: Implications for Health Care and for Patient Safety  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nursing faces yet another divergence between demand and supply that is evidenced in insufficient nurse staffing with significant implications for patient safety. Many believe this shortage of registered nurses is entrenched in long-standing problems related to the value and image of nursing and the limited role nursing has had in identifying priorities within health care delivery systems. Nursing's Agenda for the Future is a plan resulting from the experience and wisdom of a broad representation of general nursing and nursing specialty organizations. Efforts to realize the priorities and objectives have evolved over the past two years in order to make larger strides, or quantum leaps, toward reaching the objectives contained within the plan. This article reviews the activities leading up to the development of this plan, presents the key areas of concern addressed in this plan, describes what has been accomplished since the publication of this plan in 2002, and outlines the work that lies ahead to bring to fruition the objectives the plan established.

Kany, K

2004-05-01

352

Nursing leadership succession planning in Veterans Health Administration: creating a useful database.  

Science.gov (United States)

An electronic database was developed for succession planning and placement of nursing leaders interested and ready, willing, and able to accept an assignment in a nursing leadership position. The tool is a 1-page form used to identify candidates for nursing leadership assignments. This tool has been deployed nationally, with access to the database restricted to nurse executives at every Veterans Health Administration facility for the purpose of entering the names of developed nurse leaders ready for a leadership assignment. The tool is easily accessed through the Veterans Health Administration Office of Nursing Service, and by limiting access to the nurse executive group, ensures candidates identified are qualified. Demographic information included on the survey tool includes the candidate's demographic information and other certifications/credentials. This completed information form is entered into a database from which a report can be generated, resulting in a listing of potential candidates to contact to supplement a local or Veterans Integrated Service Network wide position announcement. The data forms can be sorted by positions, areas of clinical or functional experience, training programs completed, and geographic preference. The forms can be edited or updated and/or added or deleted in the system as the need is identified. This tool allows facilities with limited internal candidates to have a resource with Department of Veterans Affairs prepared staff in which to seek additional candidates. It also provides a way for interested candidates to be considered for positions outside of their local geographic area. PMID:17198117

Weiss, Lizabeth M; Drake, Audrey

2007-01-01

353

Theatre and Pedagogy: Using Drama in Mental Health Nurse Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes how psychodrama, forum theatre, and other forms of drama can facilitate active learning, develop empathy and reflective skills, and foster emotional intelligence in nursing education. Contains 21 references. (SK)

Wasylko, Yolanda; Stickley, Theodore

2003-01-01

354

Making the transition: an interview with nurse chief executive officers at Catholic Health Initiatives.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nurses have long been leaders in health care, and many possess the skills and talents not only to provide superior patient care but also to lead institutions as chief executive officers (CEO). It is not surprising that nurses are moving into the role of CEOs in their organizations. Some nurses have purposefully obtained MHA or MBA graduate degrees to pursue administrative careers. Others have advanced to top organizational positions of leadership with non-business-related graduate degrees. This article interviews 6 such professionals to understand their journey to becoming CEO/president of their organization. PMID:22157788

Patton, Pat

2012-01-01

355

Overlap of registered nurse and physician practice: implications for U.S. health care reform.  

Science.gov (United States)

This review offers an analysis of practice overlap between physicians and registered nurses (RNs) who are not advanced practice nurses. Additionally, it spotlights opportunities for expanding traditional professional boundaries to establish novel care delivery models. The examples of RN role expansion offer a beginning for discussion regarding how the health professionals' knowledge and skills can be best used in designing an effective and efficient health care system. Although limited data exist on cost effectiveness and workload implications of the novel care delivery models, policy makers can use the findings of this review to begin to inform U.S. health care reform. PMID:20457728

Djukic, Maja; Kovner, Christine T

2010-02-01

356

The role of health care technology in support of perinatal nurse staffing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Health care technology can generate massive amounts of data. However, when data are generated from disparate, uncoordinated systems, using them to make decisions related to staffing can be a challenge. In this article, I describe the importance of data standardization, system interoperability, standard terminologies that support nursing practice, and nursing informatics expertise as tools for improving the usefulness of electronic systems for informing staffing decisions. PMID:25652033

Ivory, Catherine H

2015-03-01

357

Health status, ability, and motivation infl uenced district hospital nurse performance  

OpenAIRE

Aim: To investigate the infl uence of health status, ability and motivation of nurses’ performances in a district hospital.Methods: A survey was conducted during May 2009 in a district hospital in West Java, Indonesia. Nurses in the inpatient and outpatient unit and fulfi lled inclusion and exclusion criteria were randomly chosen as the unit of analysis. A questionnaire of 18-23 questions was used to measure the indicator of the four variables. The path analysis was performed using multiple...

Hafizurrachman Hafizurrachman

2009-01-01

358

Job Stress and Coping Mechanisms among Nursing Staff in Public Health Services  

OpenAIRE

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the prominent causes and effects of job stress and coping mechanism among nurses in public health services. The research methodology included qualitative and quantitative survey. The results indicated that the major contributor of job stress among nurses is the job itself. Heavy workload, repetitive work, and poor working environment were among the stressors identified in the category of job itself. Respondents identified that inconsiderate and...

Loo-See Beh; Leap-Han Loo

2012-01-01

359

Carrying out Electronic Nursing Documentation : Use and Development in Primary Health Care  

OpenAIRE

Communication of care is essential in the multidisciplinary health care system and the patient record is an important tool for communication. The electronic patient record was introduced to facilitate the documentation of care, as well as the communication and evaluation of care. District nurses met the patient independently of other caregivers at the surgery or in the patient’s home. Documentation by district nurses is assumed to contribute to the view of the patient so that safe care can ...

To?rnvall, Eva

2008-01-01

360

Nursing and Health. A Guide to Selected Library Information at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Revised.  

Science.gov (United States)

Intended for researchers in nursing and health-related disciplines, this guide provides an annotated listing of 115 health science reference sources found in the libraries of the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. An introduction to library research covers use of the card catalog, the serials holdings list, and Library of Congress call numbers.…

Sammataro, Linda

361

A Critical-Holistic Analysis of Nursing Faculty and Student Interest in International Health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Responses from 211 undergraduate and 23 graduate nursing students and 38 faculty revealed substantial interest in international health. Faculty had numerous international experiences; many students had traveled abroad and one-third considered international health a career priority. The need for a broad interdisciplinary framework rather than…

Wright, Maria da Gloria Miotto; Korniewicz, Denise M.; Zerbe, Melissa

2001-01-01

362

Health Promotion Practices and Attitudes among Nurses in Special Education Schools in Greece  

Science.gov (United States)

Published research concerning health promotion in Greek schools is limited. The aim of the study was to evaluate special education school nurses' involvement in health promotion activities, examine their attitudes toward it, and to explore the factors influencing their practices. A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 2005 by mailed…

Alexandropoulou, Marianthi; Sourtzi, Panayota; Kalokerinou, Athena

2010-01-01

363

Vaccine Risk/Benefit Communication: Effect of an Educational Package for Public Health Nurses  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to determine whether an in-service for public health nurses (PHNs) and accompanying educational materials could improve vaccine risk/benefit communication. The content and timing of vaccine communication were recorded during 246 pre-and 217 post-intervention visits in two public health immunization clinics.…

Davis, Terry C.; Fredrickson, Doren D.; Kennen, Estela M.; Humiston, Sharon G.; Arnold, Connie L.; Quinlin, Mackey S.; Bocchini, Joseph A., Jr.

2006-01-01

364

Validation of a new assessment tool for a pediatric nursing simulation module.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Lasater clinical judgment rubric (LCJR) is a standardized scoring method to assess student clinical judgment. The aims of this study were to (a) develop a scenario-specific clinical judgment assessment tool guided by the LCJR and (b) evaluate the new assessment tool's psychometric properties and ability to assess clinical judgment. Content validity was established using an expert panel. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used to assess the psychometric properties of the instrument. Convergent validity was identified using critical thinking. A three-factor model identified and confirmed with EFA and CFA was used in the new assessment tool to assess 250 undergraduate nursing students from three universities in Seoul, South Korea. The internal consistency using Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.825. Results of this study can provide nursing faculty with ways to develop and use new assessment tools in nursing education. PMID:25350903

Shin, Hyunsook; Shim, Kaka; Lee, Yunah; Quinn, Laurie

2014-11-01

365

Student nurses' experiences and challenges in providing health education in Hong Kong.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite a call for increased emphasis on health education within the Hong Kong acute healthcare setting, in reality nurses conduct only minimal health education and do not model good educational practice for students. At the baccalaureate level, nursing education programmes aim to provide students with practical experience of best practice and international standards of care. This study describes the experiences of nursing students in providing health education to in-patients at an obstetric unit in Hong Kong. A qualitative research study using a phenomenological approach was conducted at a major public hospital. Data were collected using participant observation, debriefing notes, students' reflective journals and semi-structured interviews. Four themes emerged from the data: (a) effective knowledge building, (b) being a professional nurse, (c) refining learned skills, and (d) greater cultural awareness. The student experiences were further influenced by the patients' responses, the expectations of both patients and nurses concerning the health educator's role, and the role of the clinical teacher. Study findings highlight the experience of the students in conducting health education, something which has not been adequately examined previously, and demonstrates the benefits of independent clinical learning. PMID:19819050

Choi, W H Hui; Hui, Gabriel K H; Lee, Angel C K; Chui, Maureen M L

2010-05-01

366

The self-medication in elderly people and the role of health professionals and nursing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: to analyze the complex theme of self-medication in the elderly people and the role of health professionals and nursing. Methodology: this is a theoretical essay based on a literature review of the narrative type. It was selected articles indexed in databases Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO and the Database of Nursing (BDENF, from 2003 to 2009, using as descriptors: self-medication, nursing and elderly people. It was also used books and manuals of the ministry of health. From the reading and qualitative synthesis of abstracts, were set up two axes of analysis and reflection: Aging and self: views on the issue and Medication in the elderly people: the role of health professionals and nursing. Results: the elderly people are the age group that uses more drugs. Self-medication is a practice that can generate serious health risks such as intoxication. The qualified professional should guide the public about the medicine to lessen the risk and effectively as possible. Conclusion: it was conclude that the use of knowledge of health professionals and nurses to help to reduce the risks associated with self-medication and problems related to use of medicines, contributing to the improvement of quality of life of older people.

Cecília Nogueira Valença, Raimunda Medeiros Germano, Rejane Maria Paiva de Menezes

2010-05-01

367

The Use of the Cultural Competence Assessment Tool (Ccatool) In Community Nurses: The Pilot Study and Test-Retest Reliability  

OpenAIRE

Background: Nurses are responsible and accountable for their nursing practice and there is a need to be culturally and linguistically competent in all of their encounters. To be culturally competent community nurses should have the appropriate transcultural education. It is therefore important to assess the level of cultural competence of the community nurses, within their everyday practice.Aim: The aim of the article was the cultural adaptation of the cultural competence assessment tool base...

Marios Vasiliou; Christiana Kouta; Vasilios Raftopoulos

2013-01-01

368

Health status, ability, and motivation infl uenced district hospital nurse performance  

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Full Text Available Aim: To investigate the infl uence of health status, ability and motivation of nurses’ performances in a district hospital.Methods: A survey was conducted during May 2009 in a district hospital in West Java, Indonesia. Nurses in the inpatient and outpatient unit and fulfi lled inclusion and exclusion criteria were randomly chosen as the unit of analysis. A questionnaire of 18-23 questions was used to measure the indicator of the four variables. The path analysis was performed using multiple regressions for calculating ß as the value of path coeffi cient between variables, p value and R2. Goodness of fi t test was used to calculated Q and W coeffi cient.Results: Test was performed on 125 of 493 nurses with exogenous (independent and endogenous (intermediate or dependent variables in the model proposed. The p-value was > 0.05, indicating that the characteristics variation of the subjects did not affect the answers on the endogenous and exogenous variables. The health status, ability, motivation and performance variables showed normal and homogenous distribution. Line equation between variables showed linear relation with p<0.05. Simple correlation score between variables was 0.376 to 0.833. Ability was the biggest variable that infl uences nurses'  performance (44.8%, followed by motivation (33.9% and  health status (21.8%. The influences of the three exogenous variables to nurses’ performance were 76.2% and 23.8% which was infl uenced by other variables.Conclusion: Nurses' health status, ability, and motivation  influenced their performance. Therefore, these variables can be considered for an intervention to improve the nurses’ performance. (Med J Indones 2009; 18: 283-9Keywords: health status, ability, motivation, performance, path analysis

Hafizurrachman Hafizurrachman

2009-11-01

369

Levels of empathy in undergraduate emergency health, nursing, and midwifery students: a longitudinal study  

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Full Text Available Brett Williams,1 Ted Brown,2 Malcolm Boyle,1 Lisa McKenna,3 Claire Palermo,4 Jamie Etherington1 1Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, 2Department of Occupational Therapy, 3School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University–Peninsula Campus, Frankston, 4Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University–Berwick Campus, Berwick, Vic, Australia Purpose: This research examines the extent and nature of empathy among emergency health (paramedic, nursing, and midwifery students at one Australian university and investigates the longitudinal changes in empathy levels across the course of study. Methods: First-, second-, and third-year students at Monash University completed the Jefferson Scale of Empathy–Health Professional (JSE-HP in 2008, 2009, and 2010, and the resulting mean empathy scores were analyzed by course, year of course, year of study, age, and sex. Results: Midwifery students were found to have higher empathy levels than nursing and emergency health students. Second- and third-year students scored higher than their counterparts in the first year. Empathy levels dipped in 2009 and rose in 2010. Students aged 26–30 years and 31–35 years recorded higher scores than their younger colleagues, and female students were found to be more empathic than their male counterparts. Conclusion: The finding that empathy levels are relatively stable over the term of study contributes to the understanding of how empathy evolves over the course of study and offers insights into the importance of incorporating and promoting empathy in health care curricula. Keywords: empathy, nursing, paramedics, midwifery, undergraduates

Williams B

2014-09-01

370

Communal child-rearing: The role of nurses in school health  

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Full Text Available Background: Child-rearing remains a concern within our communities, especially because families of today lack primary parents due to multifaceted challenges such as working mothers, diseases and violence. Health-promoting school initiatives are necessary because they allow a multifaceted approach to child-rearing. They further provide a conducive environment for continued schoolchild-rearing moving from home to school. Objectives: This study promotes an integrated approach to school care using the African concept of Ubuntu – solidarity and sense of community – as a point of departure. The socio-ecological model was used, which includes the work of the school healthcare nurse in contributing to holistic health services. Method: An integrative review was conducted in January 2013, which included methodology studies, a theory review and a variety of studies related to school health. The studies were categorised according to school health, Ubuntu and the socio-ecological model. Findings: The role of school healthcare nurses entails acting as a liaison officer between a variety of stakeholders who work together to shape the future of children. Conclusion: Ubuntu, together with the socio-ecological model, can assist us to involve an entire community to raise children. This knowledge serves as a background to the planning of a school health programme. The role of the nurse in school health can also assist in collaborative efforts to formulate the programme and develop the competencies that will inform school health nurse training curricula.

Fhumulani M. Mulaudzi

2014-10-01

371

Designing a process for simulation-based annual nurse competency assessment.  

Science.gov (United States)

The education council at Orlando Regional Medical Center identified a need to improve the annual nurse competency assessment. A revision process was implemented to improve the method and efficiency of assessing nurse competency. This process included evaluating population-specific competencies using simulation-based scenarios that were developed by a multidisciplinary team. The results showed high participant satisfaction scores and cost savings because of an individualized, efficient approach and bundling of resources. PMID:23222424

Waterval, Eugene M E; Stephan, Kelly; Peczinka, Denise; Shaw, Amber

2012-01-01

372

Adherence of pain assessment to the German national standard for pain management in 12 nursing homes  

OpenAIRE

Residents of nursing homes experience a very high rate of pain, in part, because they are more likely to be affected by a variety of painful conditions. In general, pain is also poorly treated among this population, due to residents’ belief that pain is unavoidable as well as poor pain assessment practices, particularly among individuals with limited abilities to communicate. This article describes a study in which pain assessment practices in nursing homes in Muenster, Germany were compare...

Osterbrink, Ju?rgen; Bauer, Zsuzsa; Mitterlehner, Barbara; Gnass, Irmela; Kutschar, Patrick

2014-01-01

373

77 FR 26183 - Technical Revisions To Update Reference to the Required Assessment Tool for State Nursing Homes...  

Science.gov (United States)

...64.015, Veterans State Nursing Home Care; 64.018, Sharing...Mental health programs, Nursing homes, Reporting and recordkeeping...Director of Regulation Policy and Management, Office of General Counsel...PART 51--PER DIEM FOR NURSING HOME CARE OF VETERANS IN...

2012-05-03

374

Job Satisfaction and Work Environment of Primary Health Care Nurses in Ekiti State, Nigeria: an Exploratory Study  

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Full Text Available Background: Job satisfaction, quality of work environment and morale of health practitioners is beginning to receive attention worldwide.Objectives: This study examined the nature of the work environment of community health nurses, and determined the level of job satisfaction among these nurses. It further explored the relationship between work environment and job satisfaction of these nurses, and perceived factors in the work environment that would increase their job satisfaction. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was employed. The study was conducted in public primary health care facilities in Ekiti State, Nigeria. All the 216 nurses in these facilities were recruited but only 161 nurses responded to the instrument administered. A 58- item semi-structured questionnaire was used to survey nurses currently practicing in the above health setting. Data analysis was done using descriptive and inferential statistics.Results: Findings from the study revealed the mean score of nurses’ perception of their work environment to be 64.65±19.77. Forty four percent (44% of the nurses perceived their WE as of an average quality while 31% reported high quality WE. A majority (67.1% of the nurses had low degree of job satisfaction while only few nurses (3.1% reported high degree of satisfaction with job. A significant positive strong correlation was found between overall work environment and the general job satisfaction of the nurses(r = 0.55, p = < 0.01. “Provisions of modern equipment for work” and “increment/prompt payment of salary” were the most prominent factors in work environment that the nurses perceived as capable of increasing their job satisfaction (54.7% and 49.7% respectively. The least reported factor was “recommendation when one does a good job” (1.9%.Conclusion: The study concluded that a healthy work environment for nurses in the primary health care settings is an important factor in improving work satisfaction, reducing turnover intention and improving nursing care outcomes.

Sunday Joseph Ayamolowo

2013-01-01

375

Healthy Nursing Academic Work Environments  

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Full Text Available Healthy work environments in the nursing academic setting are essential for the recruitment and retention of faculty; they also serve to promote excellence in nursing education. Although the early efforts addressing healthy work environments focused on the clinical practice setting, more recent efforts have also considered the work environment in academic settings. The National League for Nursing has focused on work environments in academia and has published the Healthful Work Environment Tool Kit© that can be used by applicants for faculty positions, current faculty members, and nurse administrators to assess an academic work environment. The tool kit addresses the following nine work-related areas: salaries, benefits, workload, collegial environment, role preparation and professional development, scholarship, institutional support, marketing and recognition, and leadership. These areas are used to frame the discussion of how nursing faculty and administrators can work together to assess and enhance the health of nursing academic workplaces.

Marilyn S. Brady

2010-01-01

376

[Attributes mobilized by nurses in family health: reaching performances when developing managerial competence].  

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This exploratory-descriptive study was performed using a qualitative approach with the purpose to identify and analyze the attributes mobilized in work situations that characterize the performance of nurses in managerial competence in Family Health based on the concepts of dialogic competence. Data collection was performed through participant observation of the work performed by Family Health nurses in four units associated with the University of São Paulo in Ribeirão Preto - SP/Brazil, considering a typical workweek, with a total of 160 hours of observation. Through content analysis, using the thematic analysis technique, we identified five themes related to: supervision, teamwork, social control, work organization and planning. Results show there is a group of attributes mobilized by nurses which remains centered on work organization for individual health care with rare incursions for a systemized planning process. PMID:21655783

Kawata, Lauren Suemi; Mishima, Silvana Martins; Chirelli, Mara Quaglio; Pereira, Maria José Bistafa; Matumoto, Silvia; Fortuna, Cinira Magali

2011-04-01

377

From Toyota to the bedside: nurses can lead the lean way in health care reform.  

Science.gov (United States)

The advent of health care reform means new pressures on American hospitals, which will be forced to do more with less. In the next decade, increased use of "Lean" principles and practices in hospitals can create real value by reducing waste and improving productivity, costs, quality, and the timely delivery of patient care services. In 2010, the Institute of Medicine recommended that nurses lead collaborative quality improvement efforts and assume a major role in redesigning health care in the United States. In this article, we provide an overview of the use of Lean techniques in health care and 2 case studies of successful, nurse-directed Lean initiatives at the Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital. The article concludes with some lessons we have learned and implications for nursing education in the future that must include the concepts, tools, and skills required for adapting Lean to the patient care environment. PMID:22677964

Johnson, Joyce E; Smith, Amy L; Mastro, Kari A

2012-01-01

378

Tactile massage and hypnosis as a health promotion for nurses in emergency care-a qualitative study  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background This study explores nursing personnel's experiences and perceptions of receiving tactile massage and hypnosis during a personnel health promotion project. Nursing in a short term emergency ward environment can be emotionally and physically exhausting due to the stressful work environment and the high dependency patient care. A health promotion project integrating tactile massage and hypnosis with conventional physical activities was therefore introduced for nursing personn...

Nordby-Hörnell Elisabeth; Forsberg Christina; Falkenberg Torkel; Andersson Susanne K; Airosa Fanny; Öhlén Gunnar; Sundberg Tobias

2011-01-01

379

Increasing the health literacy of learning disability and mental health nurses in physical care skills: A pre and post-test evaluation of a workshop on diabetes care.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents the pre- and post-test results of the outcomes of a workshop designed to increase learning disability and mental health nurses' knowledge and skill to undertake interventions for service users at risk of, or with a diagnosis of, type 2 diabetes. Health literacy is also discussed as a way of explaining why such nurses may lack expertise in physical health care. Findings from the workshop show that learning disability and mental health nurses have the motivation to increase their health literacy (skills and knowledge) in diabetes care. The potential of such workshops, and how organisations looking forward to the future can build health literacy, is discussed. PMID:25547647

Hemingway, Steve; Stephenson, John; Trotter, Fiona; Clifton, Andrew; Holdich, Phillip

2015-01-01

380

[Eficiency, equity or eficacy? Is it nurses or health systems dilemma?].  

Science.gov (United States)

Besides the increasing costs of health technologies and the epidemic and demographic transactions, the causes of the current inadequacy of resources in the health field are also to be ascribed to people changed expectations toward nursing and medicine. Such aspects have put in a critical position the working of the health services, which are incapable of facing the escalating and relentless health expenses. The evidence-based approach to the clinical practice and the following output of guidelines as a solution to the rationing of health services, may, in someone opinion, make headway towards the control of expenditure because it allows a synergy between optimal and basic principles. The reasoned use of the resources does not only presuppose that nurses can decide, as far as the patient is concerned, what is strictly necessary and at the same time most effective to the fulfillment of the nursing needs which have been pinpointed; nurses should also commit themselves to organise for the best, according to their level of responsibility, the scenario where clinic decisions are taken and to affect the guidance processes of the strategic choices of the institution they are part of. Nurses, as other professional do, have to honour also a commission which implies, on different levels, to take on an executive function, a teamwork function, an active and responsible cooperation in the working of health service. A superficial and cursory use of the guidelines as an allocation of resources might, on the other hand, raise objections in the name of ethics: health cannot be treated as a commodity, nor can health be subjected to market laws of supply and demand. The degree of legitimation of a health policy must therefore derive from the degree of harmonization and coherence between an evidence element and a social and cultural context where both have to be put a test. PMID:15854567

Lazzari, Giuseppe

2005-01-01