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CERN GSM monitoring system  

CERN Multimedia

As a result of the tremendous development of GSM services over the last years, the number of related services used by organizations has drastically increased. Therefore, monitoring GSM services is becoming a business critical issue in order to be able to react appropriately in case of incident. In order to provide with GSM coverage all the CERN underground facilities, more than 50 km of leaky feeder cable have been deployed. This infrastructure is also used to propagate VHF radio signals for the CERN’s fire brigade. Even though CERN’s mobile operator monitors the network, it cannot guarantee the availability of GSM services, and for sure not VHF services, where signals are carried by the leaky feeder cable. So, a global monitoring system has become critical to CERN. In addition, monitoring this infrastructure will allow to characterize its behaviour over time, especially with LHC operation. Given that commercial solutions were not yet mature, CERN developed a system based on GSM probes and an application...

Ghabrous Larrea, C

2009-01-01

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The CERN GSM monitoring system  

CERN Document Server

This paper presents the way CERN has approached the problem of monitoring its own GSM infrastructure, especially in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) accelerator tunnel and other underground facilities, where a leaky feeder cable carries mobile phone signals, and where this technology is the only means for inter-personnel communications

Ghabrous, C

2010-01-01

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The CERN GSM monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents the way CERN has approached the problem of monitoring its own GSM infrastructure, especially in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) accelerator tunnel and other underground facilities, where a leaky feeder cable carries mobile phone signals, and where this technology is the only means for inter-personnel communications.

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GSM BASED IRRIGATION CONTROL AND MONITORING SYSTEM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Irrigated agriculture is one of the primary water consumers in most parts of the world. With developments in technology, efforts are being channeled into automation of irrigation systems to facilitate remote control of the irrigation system and optimize crop production and cost effectiveness. This paper describes an on-going work on GSM based irrigation monitoring and control systems. The objective of the work is to provide an approach that helps farmers to easily access, manage and regulate their irrigation systems for the water needs of crops using SMS technology for data transportation. A prototype irrigation controller system, which is a closed-loop digital control system, was implemented to continuously monitor the soil moisture level, control parameters, irrigation scheduling plan, and output of the pumping system to manage and control of the irrigation systems.The controller system comprises processor module, GSM module, soil sensing system, pump switching system, regulated power supply system, and intrusion detection system. To validate the performance and functionality of the controller system, field experiments were conducted. Test results show that the SMS could provide a simpleand easy means for users to directly access and manage their irrigation systems. Tests on different cellular networks revealed an average response time of 16 seconds from the time of SMS request to the controller system to read data or activate the irrigation system through data processing and submission to user. The GSM based irrigation system may offer users the flexibility to regulate and control the operations of their irrigation systems with little intervention to reduce runoff from over watering for improvement in crop yield.

GODFREY A. MILLS

2013-07-01

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Integration of GPS and GSM for the Weather Monitoring System  

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Full Text Available This paper describes the design, implementation and results of Weather monitoring system. This System provides solution for Weather monitoring of remote places. The system consists: GPS receiver, GSM modem and microcontroller board for the purpose of weather monitoring. The system basically sense  the weather parameter like temperature,humidity,Carbion Monoxide Level, level of Alcohol Gases , Light level of the Area in which system is located. By using a GPS technology, track the location of the area in terms of latitude and longitude. All the data of Sensors and GPS data can be accessed by using GSM Technology with the help of GSM modem. It can send the data to the user in the form of SMS in case of on request. The system can also be configured to transit the data on critical or threshold level of parameter is detected or at preset intervals to the user.

K.R. Trivedi

2012-09-01

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Integration of GPS and GSM for the Weather Monitoring System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes the design, implementation and results of Weather monitoring system. This System provides solution for Weather monitoring of remote places. The system consists: GPS receiver, GSM modem and microcontroller board for the purpose of weather monitoring. The system basically sense  the weather parameter like temperature,humidity,Carbion Monoxide Level, level of Alcohol Gases , Light level of the Area in which system is located. By using a GPS technology, track the location of the area in terms of latitude and longitude. All the data of Sensors and GPS data can be accessed by using GSM Technology with the help of GSM modem. It can send the data to the user in the form of SMS in case of on request. The system can also be configured to transit the data on critical or threshold level of parameter is detected or at preset intervals to the user.

K.R. Trivedi

2012-06-01

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GSM Base Stations Location Monitoring using Geographic Information System  

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Full Text Available Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM is a digital system developed to meet the desires of the entire public. As the population of a particular area, city or country increases, the number of mobile subscribers increases too. GSM network operators have to reduce congestion on their networks in order to satisfy their subscribers, therefore, a means of monitoring the base stations' locations and the geographical area of where they are located are important factor to achieve this purpose. This work provides a simple step-by-step approach on how to monitor the location of the base stations. A review of GSM and Global Positioning System (GPS technology and their applications to the Geographic Information System (GIS are presented. The means of taken the coordinates of base stations using a GPS device is also presented. ESRI's ArcView application software was used to design the map that shows the location of the base station and thereafter was integrated into the web. It concluded with the recommendation to GSM operators in Nigeria. If the recommendations are given necessary attention, the planning and optimization of cell sites will be enhanced and thereby reduce congestion on network. As a result, the performance of Network will improve, and it will give rise to subscribers' satisfaction and increasing profit returns to the operators.

Kuboye B. M.

2013-06-01

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Industrial Pollution Monitoring System Using Labview And Gsm  

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Full Text Available The majority applications of pollution monitoring systems are in industries. The control of the parameters which causes pollution and deteriorates the industrial and natural environment pattern is a great challenge and has received interest from industries especially in Petro chemical industries, Paper making industries, Water treatment industries and Sugar manufacturing industries. The main objective of our project is to design an efficient and robust system to control the parameters causing pollution and to minimize the effect of these parameters without affecting the plant or natural environment. The proposed methodology is to model a system to read and monitor pollution parameters and to inform pollution control authorities when any of these factors goes higher than industry standards. A mechanism using GSM and LabVIEW is introduced in this proposed methodology, which will automatically monitor when there is a disturbance affecting the system. The system is implemented using LabVIEW software. The system investigates level of pH in industry effluents, level of CO gas released during industry process and temperature of the machineries. With the design of GSM, the signals can be effectively transferred and the actions in these cases can still be made accurate and effective. Thus through this project we try to prove that control of pollution can be computed and the data can be transferred online. Our proposed method is more accurate to derive the desired parameters. LabVIEW is the powerful and versatile programming language for operating and controlling the pollution monitoring system and GSM is suitable for interactive environment for signal transfer.

PRAVIN J, DEEPAK SANKAR A, ANGELINE VIJULA D

2013-06-01

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Automated Measurement and Monitoring of the Electromagnetic Fields from GSM Systems  

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Full Text Available The main objective of the present study is to introduce a virtual instrumentation system for automated characterization of the electromagnetic fields generated by GSM systems. The system consists of calibrated antennas, remotely controlled spectrum analyzer with USB connectivity and dedicated LabVIEW software for data transfer, processing, analysis and monitoring. Primarily intended to determine the RF fields from GSM base stations, it can also be used for investigating the RF exposure from other communication technologies.

Eduard Lunca

2013-07-01

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Temperature Monitoring System Of Conductors Based On GSM SMS And Zigbee  

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Full Text Available Temperature Monitoring System of Conductors based on GSM SMS and Zigbee is produced in this paper. The temperature of conductors can be monitored in real-time and some accidents caused by the increased temperature can be avoided. The principle and the feature of ARM7, GSM SMS and Zigbee communication are analyzed The construction of this system is outlined, and the force modal of calculating the variety of the sag due to the increased temperature of conductors is built. The ARM7 is a general purpose 32-bit microprocessor, which offers high performance and very low power consumption. The ARM architecture is based on Reduced Instruction Set Computer. GSM is a global digital mobile communication system.GSM SMS is a kind of short message service, by which the limited data or text message can be transmitted. Zigbee is a free open source protocol which can be used for wireless applications. Using this protocol overall development cost can be reduced. Using this application engineers can easily calculate the variations in conductors due to change in temperature. This paper will provide block diagram and its detail applications and hardware and software requirement for developing this application.

Y.Viswanatha Reddy

2013-10-01

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Industrial Pollution Monitoring System Using Labview And Gsm  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The majority applications of pollution monitoring systems are in industries. The control of the parameters which causes pollution and deteriorates the industrial and natural environment pattern is a great challenge and has received interest from industries especially in Petro chemical industries, Paper making industries, Water treatment industries and Sugar manufacturing industries. The main objective of our project is to design an efficient and robust system to control the parameters causing...

Pravin J, Deepak Sankar A.

2013-01-01

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Key technologies of the server monitor and control system based on GSM short messages  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The network management based on SNMP protocol cannot effectively monitor and control application-system states and key-process states on the computer server. Furthermore, it needs the administrator's longtime surveillance. When the administrator leaves the computer, he can't receive the malfunction message in time. In this paper we present a server monitor and control system based on monitor agents and GSM short messages, introduce the key technology to realize it, and implement a model system in the real network environment. (authors)

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Development of a GSM based radiation monitoring system (GRaMS)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Real-time measurements and the quick analysis of the data are of crucial importance during a radiological or nuclear emergency. To develop a timely response capability, the Radiation Safety Systems Division has launched a project to develop an advanced online measurement system for use in different threat scenarios, such as the release of radioactive materials to the environment during any nuclear or radiological accident. In order to meet this requirement a Global system for Mobile (GSM) based Radiation Monitoring system is designed and tested on field. It uses an energy compensated GM detector and is attached with commercially available Global Positioning System (GPS) for online acquisition of positional coordinates with time, and GSM modem for online data transfer. The equipment can be operated continuously while the vehicle is moving. The system is designed to provide measurement information, either raw data or analysis results, to the local database or to a remote database through a communication link. The system consumes ? 250 mA including the GPS and GSM enabling ? 30 hours of continuous radioactivity monitoring with a 12 Ah battery source. The system has been used in road based environmental radiation surveys carried out at various part of the country. With PC support, the system can map the radiological status online onto the map of the area being surveyed, to help decision-making on countermeasures during the survey and sending the online data at a remote station to enable the emergency managers to take appropriate decision. (author)

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Implementation of Auto Monitoring and Short-Message-Service System via GSM Modem.  

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Full Text Available Auto-Monitoring and Short-Messaging-Service System is a real-time monitoring system for any critical operational environments.It monitors an operational environment 24/7 with the help of multiple sensing devices. Whenever it detects an undesired event happening in the environment it generates a detail message and sends it to the officials or person in charge as an early warning to prevent hazards. This system, technically, is cost effective when considering commercially available real-time machine monitoring/controlling systems. It is also feasible to commission this system wheresoever there is a doubt in safety of a manual inspection or monitoring staff in critical operational environment. Although the system is novel, it is at the experimental stage and looking for relevant improvement in the future.This system employs a Friendly ARM as main controller while, sensors and terminals to interact with the real world. A GSM network is utilized to bridge the communication between monitoring system and user. This paper presents details of the prototype implementation of the system.  

Akilan Thangarajah

2014-05-01

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GPS – GSM Based Tracking System  

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Full Text Available This proposed work is an attempt to design a tracking unit that uses the global positioning system to determine the precise location of a object, person or other asset to which it is attached and using GSM modem this information can be transmit to remote user. It can provide tele-monitoring system for inter-cities transportation vehicles such as taxis and buses. This system contains single-board embedded system that is equipped with GPS and GSM modems along with ARM processor that is installed in the vehicle. During object motion, its location can be reported by SMS message. A software package is developed to read, process, analyze and store the incoming SMS messages. The use of GSM and GPS technologies allows the system to track object and provides the most up-to-date information about ongoing trips. If a password like SMS is sent by the owner, it automatically stops the vehicle or we can use it for different other work, it can provide real time control. Thissystem finds its application in real time traffic surveillance. It could be used as a valuable tool for real time traveler. The current system can be able to provide monitoring process from anywhere. The purpose of this system is to design and integrate anew system which is integrated with GPS- GSM to provide following feature: a Location information, b Real time tracking using SMS, c track bus driver activity d Communication is instantaneous therefore we can receive running report quickly. It is completely integrated so that once it is implemented in all vehicles, then it is easy to track vehicles any time.

Abid khan , Ravi Mishra

2012-04-01

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Gsm Based Embedded System for Remote Laboratory Safety Monitoring and Alerting  

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Full Text Available This paper aims to modify an existing safety and security model for the environment of educationalinstitutions and in home. The aim of this project is to design an embedded system for remote monitoringof the laboratory environment. Nowadays remote monitoring the laboratory and its building is necessaryfor safety and security purpose, which also help us to know the environmental status of the laboratory.The environmental parameters inside the laboratory, such as presence of alcohol, gas and fire can bedetected using respective sensors and the sensed data are then transferred to the microcontroller. Themicrocontroller takes the control action of activating an alarm whenever the presence of theseparameters is found. In turn, the Voice alarm and alert message as SMS through GSM are also sent tothe remote area. The advantage of this automated detection and alarm system is that, it offers fasterresponse time and accurate detection during an emergency. Our experimental results show that, thesystem provides safe and secure remote monitoring of the environment in laboratories and it has highreliability and easy to implement a system like this wherever needed.

V.Ramya

2012-12-01

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GSM Based Telemetry System  

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Full Text Available In this modern lifestyle most of the people are suffering from cardiac diseases. They have to stay at hospital under observation. In this thesis we propose a GSM based telemetry system .It has been proved as boon for both doctors and patients. Patients can remain at home and enjoy family life while doctor can also examined data of ECG and temperature of the patient every one hour in his/her mobile phone via messages .The values of ECG and temperature in mille volts and temperature respectively. Data will be transmitted anywhere around the globe where there is 2G network coverage.

Tanvi G.Badheka

2013-04-01

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Development of a Low-Cost ZIGBEE and GSM SMS-Based Conductor Temperature and Sag Monitoring System  

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Full Text Available This paper deals with the design, construction, instrumentation and testing of a GSM and ZIGBEE based monitoring system for the measurement of Overhead High Voltage (HV Conductor Temperature and Sag. The main advantage of this concept is the real time direct measurement of the parameters (i.e., conductor sag and temperature needed for the operation of the transmission system without intermediate measurement of conductor tension and ambient weather conditions, by which the temperature controlling of transmission lines conductors is realized the stoppage caused by raised temperature can be avoided and some accidents caused by the increased temperature can be avoided. The principle and the feature of GSM SMS and ZIGBEE communication are analyzed. The construction of this system is outlined, and the force modal of calculating the variety of the sag due to the increased temperature of conductors is built. Finally, the software and hardware design of the online temperature monitoring unit of conductors and fittings are outlined. In this paper, a self-designed industrial GSM module is selected to finish thetransmission and the decoding of the monitoring data through AT command and coding of short message PDU (Protocol Data Unit.

M.V.Vijaya Saradhi

2010-04-01

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Controlling and Monitoring of Electric Feeders Using GSM Network Technology  

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Full Text Available The application of computer interfaced controlling devices is increasingly rapidly in modern age. Analogous wired systems are substituted by computer interfaced system alternatives in growingnumber of industries. Such control systems had been developed with complex and critical high-end stuffs. In this paper, we developed an automated system that controls the switching of electric feeder power supply featuring the existing GSM technology. The target is tooperate the device according to a preset sequence of on-off mode for three feeders after a particular time interval and to monitor the running condition. The device sends short message updating the status of every action. It also warns the consumers about load shedding using GSM module via sending message. Controlling the gate pulse of a MOSFET that operates the relay, it executes on-off operation of the circuit breaker of the respective feeders. Since GSM technology is used worldwide for communication, third world countries that are still struggling to meet the power demand can use this technology to operate and monitor the condition of power distribution. To operate the GSM device, AT command of GSM location operation for SIM900 is used. This paper targets to improve the power distribution system in developing countries like India, Bangladesh, Nepal where powercrisis and load shedding is quite a common phenomenon.

AHMED Afaz Uddin

2013-10-01

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GSM BASED REMOTE PROCESS CONTROL AND MONITORING  

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Full Text Available The present trend of tariff collection suffers from inefficient system of Billing and collection in the way of waiting of valuable manpower. So our aim is to overcome these problems with the introduction of automatic power reading and send to electric board for automatic E billing through the SMS using GSM phone. It will also send if power theft is going on any building the GSM MODEM will send the SMS to the electric board automatically a new approach to tariff collection. The rate at which electrical energy is supplied to a consumer is known as tariff. This GSM modem is fitted inside the consumer's home, before the energy meter. If it is found OK then his total units consumed is started counting and accordingly his units are determined. At he same time his home gets power supply through Energy Meter, after total power consumption reaches and it count and sent to concerned department for billing

Bhavyashri S Bedve

2014-04-01

 
 
 
 
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GSM Based Vehicle Security System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Wireless communication has announced its arrival on big stages and world is going mobile. We want to control everything without moving an inch. This remote controlling of appliances is possible through Embedded Systems. The use of “Embedded System in communication” has given rise to many interesting applications that ensures comfort and safety to human life. The main aim of the project is to design a GSM based Vehicle Security device that provide security t...

Rakesh Basumatary; Tanvira Ismail; Shreya Boro; Sushmita Gogoi; Rinju Dutta

2013-01-01

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The design of a ? dose rate monitor based on GSM  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A ? dose rate monitor designed based on GSM will be represented in this paper. The general structure of ? dose rate monitor, peripheral circuit of GSM, AT command, the sending and receiving process of short messages and control software are introduced in detail in the paper. The multi-point wireless remote monitoring will be completed by the ? dose rate monitor. The ? dose rate monitor is featured by simple structure and controlling flexibly. (authors)

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Solar powered environmental radiation monitor with GSM based data communication  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes the development and features of a solar powered system for monitoring of environmental radiation for detection of nuclear emergency. It is essential that a system which is meant for detection of nuclear emergency must be installed in open environment so that the changes in environmental radiation level can be readily and accurately monitored. The traditional systems employ mains power which is subject to various problems like load shedding, power fluctuations, power transients and brown outs. Being powered by solar cells with battery backup, the system is free from the vagaries of mains power. The system employs GSM Modem for data communication to the central station. GSM cellular network provides more reliable data communication as compared to the dialup land line network. The system is adopted by the Indian Environmental Radiation Monitoring Network (IERMON) for deployment across India. Being developed and manufactured indigenously at low cost, a large scale monitoring network across the country is readily achievable. Under IERMON about 100 systems were manufactured and being deployed. This paper describes the design of the solar powered environmental radiation monitor deployed in IERMON network. With the help of a block diagram the various constituents of the system are explained. The features of the system are highlighted. The calibration and the performance of the system are explained in the subsequent part of the paper. (author)

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ALARM SYSTEM WITH GSM CONNECTION  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Široka uporaba mobilne telefonije je narekovala hiter razvoj in izgradnjo mobilne telefonske infrastrukture. GSM telefonsko omrežje omogo?a tako govorni kot tudi podatkovni promet. Dobro razvito omrežje mobilne telefonije lahko uporabimo kot sredstvo za zanesljiv daljinski nadzor, krmiljenje in telemetrijo. Diplomska naloga temelji na izgradnji alarmne naprave z GSM povezavo, ki za daljinski nadzor izkoriš?a prav takšno mobilno telefonsko omrežje in storitev kratkih SMS sporo?il.

C?epin, Anton

2009-01-01

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GSM-Controllable Power Switch System for Industrial Power Management  

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Full Text Available In this paper we describe the GSM Power-Controlled Outlet System (GPCOS with a scalable mechanism for industrial power management. The GPCOS integrates the multiple AC power points and a simple low-power microcontroller into a power outlet to switch the power of the sockets ON/OFF and to measure the power consumption of plugged electric industry appliances. Our GPCOS consists of four scalable modules, that is, the Essential Control Module,the GSM Module, the Ethernet Module and the Power Measuring Module, which together provide an outdoor remote control and monitor of electric industrial appliances. We use a Short Message Service to achieve control and monitoring through a GSM cellular mobile phone for remote use anytime and anywhere.

Koti Reddy1 Fhad Althobeti 2 Dr. Md. Ali Hussain3 Ravindra Reddy

2011-08-01

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Intelligent FDSS Overlay on GSM System (Uplink Analysis  

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Full Text Available The overlay of an intelligent frequency diversity spread spectrum system (FDSS on the (GSM system is studied. The uplink capacity of both systems is given using a model of 36 hexagonal macrocells. Performance of GSM and FDSS users is investigated. An original GSM system with 48 users/macrocell can be substituted by a mixed system, which has GSM system capacity of 48 users/macrocell and FDSS system capacity of 128 users/macrocell.

L. D. Haro-Ariet

2005-04-01

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Intelligent Polling System Using GSM Technology  

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Full Text Available Voting is the foundation of a democratic system of government, whether the system uses direct or representative governance. To increase the efficiency and accuracy of voting procedures, computerized voting systems were developed to help collecting and counting the votes. For a variety of reasons, voters may be unable to attend voting booths physically, but need to vote remotely, for example, from home or while traveling abroad. Hence, there is great demand for remote voting procedures that are easy, transparent, and, most importantly, secure. Numerous electronic voting schemes have been proposed in the past, but most of them have failed to provide voter authentication in an efficient and transparent way. On the other hand, GSM (Global System for Mobile communications is the most widely used mobile networking standard. In this paper, an polling scheme using GSM mobile technology is presented. By integrating an electronic voting scheme with the GSM infrastructure.

Hemlata Sahu

2011-07-01

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Fingerprint and GSM based Security System  

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Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to design and implement high security system. Security is a prime concern in our day-to-day life. Perhaps the most important application of accurate personal identification is securing limited access systems from malicious attacks. Access control system forms a vital link in a security chain. The fingerprint and password based security system presented here is an access control system that allows only authorized persons to access a restricted area. We have implemented a locker security system based on fingerprint, password and GSM technology containing door locking system which can activate, authenticate, and validate the user and unlock the door in real time for locker secure access. Fingerprints are one of many forms of b iometrics, used to identify individuals and verify their identity. This high security system based on fingerprint, password and GSM technology which can be organized in bank, secured offices and homes

M.Gayathri*1,

2014-04-01

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Design and Implementation of GSM Based Automated Home Security System  

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Full Text Available The Automated Home Security System aims at building a security system for common households using GSM modem, sensors and microcontroller. Since many years, impeccable security system has been the prime need of every man who owns a house. The increasing crime rate has further pressed the need for it. Our system is an initiative in this direction. The system provides security function by monitoring the surroundings at home for intruders, fire, gas leakages etc. using sensors and issue alerts to the owners and local authorities by using GSM via SMS. It provides the automation function as it can control (On/Off the various home appliances while the owners are away via SMS. Thus the Automated Home Security System is self-sufficient and can be relied upon undoubtedly. Also, it is capable of establishing two way communication with its owner so that he/she can keep a watch on his/her home via sensor information or live video streaming. A camera can be installed for continuous monitoring of the system and its surroundings. The system consists of two main parts: hardware and software. Hardware consists of Microcontroller, Sensors, Buzzer and GSM modem while software is implemented by tools using Embedded ‘C’.

Love Aggarwal

2014-05-01

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Tracking Vehicle in GSM Network to Support Intelligent Transportation Systems  

Science.gov (United States)

The penetration of GSM capable devices is very high, especially in Europe. To exploit the potential of turning these mobile devices into dynamic data acquisition nodes that provides valuable data for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), position information is needed. The paper describes the basic operation principles of the GSM system and provides an overview on the existing methods for deriving location data in the network. A novel positioning solution is presented that rely on handover (HO) zone measurements; the zone geometry properties are also discussed. A new concept of HO zone sequence recognition is introduced that involves application of Probabilistic Deterministic Finite State Automata (PDFA). Both the potential commercial applications and the use of the derived position data in ITS is discussed for tracking vehicles and monitoring traffic flow. As a practical cutting edge example, the integration possibility of the technology in the SafeTRIP platform (developed in an EC FP7 project) is presented.

Koppanyi, Z.; Lovas, T.; Barsi, A.; Demeter, H.; Beeharee, A.; Berenyi, A.

2012-07-01

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Remote Monitoring, Controlling and Lost Hardware Detecting through GSM  

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Full Text Available The project aims to develop various network utilities which are required to effectively monitor, control via GSM and to provide security to a LAN network. It aims to develop an integrated software solution that allows a network administrator to monitor, control his LAN also by providing Security to the Hardware resources which is the essential property of any Network lab, In a concern, computers are grouped together to form a network to manage and control activities of network which very panic task for administrator to release some sort of pressure we have integrated three modules into one. This project is to provide the maximum control over the client’s pc, security to the hardware resources about the network to the administrator, maximum control via GSM Modem on the his mobile phone when admin is away from Network lab

Amir Sheikh, Rahul Hendawe, Rajnish Singh, Jayashree Shiral, Anmol Rohan

2013-04-01

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Integrating GPS, GSM and Cellular Phone for Location Tracking and Monitoring  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The wide spread of mobiles as handheld devices leads to various innovative applications that makes use of their ever increasing presence in our daily life. One such application is location tracking and monitoring. This paper proposes a prototype model for location tracking using Geographical Positioning System (GPS) and Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) technology. The system displays the object moving path on the monitor and the same information can also be commu...

Sahoo, B. P. S.; Rath, Satyajit

2013-01-01

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Implementation of Intelligent Polling System Using GSM Mobile  

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Full Text Available An E-voting, Electronic voting systems, also known as Personal Response Systems (PRS, Audience Response Systems (ARS or classroom communication systems (CCS use handsets as transmitter if the person is within the range of receiver or uses GSM Mobile Equipment (ME to reply from anywhere. To minimize the disadvantages of generic e-voting, we propose a method in which a voter, who has wireless certificate issued in advance, uses its own GSM Mobile phone without a special registration for a vote. In this paper, a polling scheme using GSM mobile technology is resented as most basic application of GSM based Personal Response System, which allows a voter to cast his vote in simple and convenient way without the limit of time and location. By integrating an electronic voting scheme with the GSM infrastructure

Monali R.Dave

2011-09-01

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Real Time Vehicle Tracking System using GSM and GPS Technology- An Anti-theft Tracking System  

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Full Text Available A vehicle tracking system is an electronic device installed in a vehicle to enable the owner or a third party to track the vehicle's location. This paper proposed to design a vehicle tracking system that works using GPS and GSM technology, which would be the cheapest source of vehicle tracking and it would work as anti-theft system. It is an embedded system which is used for tracking and positioning of any vehicle by using Global Positioning System (GPS and Global system for mobile communication (GSM. This design will continuously monitor a moving Vehicle and report the status of the Vehicle on demand. For doing so an AT89C51 microcontroller is interfaced serially to a GSM Modem and GPS Receiver. A GSM modem is used to send the position (Latitude and Longitude of the vehicle from a remote place. The GPS modem will continuously give the data i.e. the latitude and longitude indicating the position of the vehicle. The same data is sent to the mobile at the other end from where the position of the vehicle is demanded. When the request by user is sent to the number at the GSM modem, the system automatically sends a return reply to that mobile indicating the position of the vehicle in terms of latitude and longitude in real time.

Kunal Maurya

2012-06-01

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Implementation of Intelligent Polling System Using GSM Mobile  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

An E-voting, Electronic voting systems, also known as Personal Response Systems (PRS), Audience Response Systems (ARS) or classroom communication systems (CCS) use handsets as transmitter if the person is within the range of receiver or uses GSM Mobile Equipment (ME) to reply from anywhere. To minimize the disadvantages of generic e-voting, we propose a method in which a voter, who has wireless certificate issued in advance, uses its own GSM Mobile phone without a special registration for a v...

Dave, Monali R.; , Jai Karan Singh , Mukesh Tiwari , Dr. Anubhuti Khare

2011-01-01

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Embedded Security System using RFID & GSM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The petroleum products are one of the valuable and rare creations of the nature. The proper use and distribution is important task to survive these products. Our system may be the first approach towards security of petroleum products distribution such as petrol, diesel, and kerosene etc. “The simple and proper use of RFID and GSM technologies can provide total security for distribution of petroleum products!” this our proposed design. Simple embedded system and direct PC interface for the system which facilitates the record keeping of the distributed fuel. Also the handy and robust VB program will help to authorized company to control the distribution of fuel whole over the region or country. In our system the control unit and tanker unit are two main parts. The two systems which may far away from each other can easily communicate with each other. The security code in RFID tag provided to the petrol pump get read by the reader and transmission of it to the control unit will helps to company to create the proper database of various petrol pumps distributed over wide area.

Kulkarni Amruta M.

2012-02-01

37

An Electronic Voting System Using GSM Mobile Technology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Electronic voting systems have the potential to improve traditional voting procedures by providing added convenience and flexibility to the voter. Numerous electronic voting schemes have been proposed in the past, but most of them have failed to provide voter authentication in an efficient and transparent way. On the other hand, GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is the most widely used mobile networking standard. There are more than one billion GSM users worldwid...

Feng, Yang; Ng, Siaw-lynn; Schwiderski-grosche, Scarlet

2008-01-01

38

Hybrid GPS-GSM Localization of Automobile Tracking System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

An integrated GPS-GSM system is proposed to track vehicles using Google Earth application. The remote module has a GPS mounted on the moving vehicle to identify its current position, and to be transferred by GSM with other parameters acquired by the automobile's data port as an SMS to a recipient station. The received GPS coordinates are filtered using a Kalman filter to enhance the accuracy of measured position. After data processing, Google Earth application is used to vie...

Al-khedher, Mohammad A.

2012-01-01

39

Multi Level Anti Theft Security System using GSM Technology.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents Design & Development of Multi level Anti theft security system to control the theft of a vehicle using GSM and Biometrics. The main objective of this is to offer an advanced security system in multiple levels to protect the car from unauthorized access using GSM technology. It provides a protected password to unlock the car and real time biometric user authentication in second level to start the ignition after finger print verification is done. If the fingerprint does not match with that in database, ARM produces the interrupt signal to disable the ignition and initiates an alarm and also inform the car owner about the unauthorized access via short Message Services (SMS by means of GSM modem[1].

Y. Prashanthi

2013-09-01

40

Hybrid GPS-GSM Localization of Automobile Tracking System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An integrated GPS-GSM system is proposed to track vehicles using Google Earth application. Theremote module has a GPS mounted on the moving vehicle to identify its current position, and to betransferred by GSM with other parameters acquired by the automobile’s data port as an SMS to arecipient station. The received GPS coordinates are filtered using a Kalman filter to enhance theaccuracy of measured position. After data processing, Google Earth application is used to view thecurrent location and status of each vehicle. This goal of this system is to manage fleet, policeautomobiles distribution and car theft cautions.

Mohammad A. Al-Khedher

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Hybrid GPS-GSM Localization of Automobile Tracking System  

CERN Document Server

An integrated GPS-GSM system is proposed to track vehicles using Google Earth application. The remote module has a GPS mounted on the moving vehicle to identify its current position, and to be transferred by GSM with other parameters acquired by the automobile's data port as an SMS to a recipient station. The received GPS coordinates are filtered using a Kalman filter to enhance the accuracy of measured position. After data processing, Google Earth application is used to view the current location and status of each vehicle. This goal of this system is to manage fleet, police automobiles distribution and car theft cautions.

Al-Khedher, Mohammad A

2012-01-01

42

Development of low cost wireless radiation monitoring station using GSM network  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

SMS or Short Message Service is a mean of GSM wireless communication that allow text messages to be sent to and from mobile cell phones. While SMS communication is mainly utilized at personal level or person to person basis; the usage of SMS can be extended into nuclear application specifically in radiation monitoring. This paper explains the development of a wireless station assembled by using a recycled Siemens M50 cell phone as substitutes to GSM modem, a PIC micro controller, and MINT-ISG home made digital survey meter at the remote transmitting site. While at the receiving end; an online monitoring system is set-up by using a Bluetooth enabled cell phone, a Bluetooth dongle, and a PC with Labview 8.0 software written as the Data logger which also served as the PC-Bluetooth interface platform. Wireless station at the remote area operates by continuously sending SMS in every 3 minutes to a predefined cellular number located at the monitoring system. The SMS consists of 6 data which individually is a survey meter readings recorded at each 30 seconds duration. At the receiver, Data logger program will retrieve the SMS from the cell phone via Bluetooth and extract the original 6 readings to be displayed on PC. The system has been successfully tested to detect and log radiation data for extended period of time. (Author)

43

RFID, GPS & GSM Based Vehicle Tracing & Employee Security System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A RFID, GPS & GSM Based Vehicle Tracking and Employee Security System combine the installation of an electronic device in a vehicle, with purpose-designed computer software to enable the company to track the vehicle's location. In vehicle tracking systems we use Global Positioning System (GPS) technology for locating the vehicle. Vehicle information can be viewed on electronic maps via the Internet or specialized software. Due to recently happened mishaps such as burglary, rape cases etc., t...

Ms S S Pethakar, Prof N. Srivastava

2012-01-01

44

RFID, GPS & GSM Based Vehicle Tracing & Employee Security System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A RFID, GPS & GSM Based Vehicle Tracking and Employee Security System combine the installation of an electronic device in a vehicle, with purpose-designed computer software to enable the company to track the vehicle's location. In vehicle tracking systems we use Global Positioning System (GPS technology for locating the vehicle. Vehicle information can be viewed on electronic maps via the Internet or specialized software. Due to recently happened mishaps such as burglary, rape cases etc., the employee safety, esp. for the women employees, has become a number one priority for most of the companies. Even though the companies take good precautions to ensure that its employees are safe, there are some serious loop holes in the existing system. Firstly there is no full proof mechanism to track the outsiders to avoid this kind of problem we are going to implement a system that provides more security to the employee. The car Unit is placed inside the car .When the car picks up the employee; he/she needs to swap the RFID card. The micro controller matches the RFID card no. with its database records and sends the employee’s id, cab id & the cab position co-ordinates to the company unit via GSM module. The GSM Modem will receive the message through GSM in the company unit. If employee finds himself/herself in a problem, he/she will press the button. Microcontroller will detect the action & sends a signal to the GSM which will coordinate with to the company unit and police. Microcontroller will also send a signal to the relay which will turn off the car ignition & stop the car. The GSM Modem will receive the message. This message will then be transferred to the computer through the serial port. The employee name, employee id & cab position coordinates (longitude and latitude get displayed on computer. Once the data is obtained on the computer, it can be used for further analysis. In this way the company unit keeps a track of the vehicle. This will be a much simpler and low cost technique compared to others.

Ms.S.S. Pethakar, Prof. N. Srivastava, Ms.S.D. Suryawanshi

2012-12-01

45

GSM mobile phone based LED scrolling message display system  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wireless communication has announced its arrival on big stage and the world is going mobile. We want to control everything and withoutmoving an inch. The use of “Embedded System in Communication” has given rise to many interesting applications that ensures comfort and safety to human life. One of such applications is public addressing system (PAS. In this technical paper explains how a reliable and an authentic wireless communication could be easily developed between a mobile phone and microcontroller using GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication MODEM. It is proposed to implement this project at the institute level. It is proposed to place display boards in major access points. Now-a-days LED Message Scrolling Displays are becoming very popular. These displays are used in shopping malls, theaters, public transportation, traffic signs, highways signs, etc. This paper describes the GSM based LED display.

Priyanka A. Borkar

2013-05-01

46

Gps- Gsm Based Inter-City Buses Distance Predictor and Display System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This proposed work is an attempt to design a tracking unit that uses the global positioning system to determine the precise location of a vehicle to which it is attached and using GSM modem this information can be transmitted to remote user. It provides tele-monitoring system for inter-cities transportation buses. This system contains embedded system, GPS and GSM modems along with ARM processor that is installed in the bus stops. During bus motion, its location can be reported by SMS message. The SMS so generated is displayed in the bus stops (as well as in the bus if required for the commuter’s information about the arrival of which bus and from what distance. A software package is developed to read, process, analyze and store the incoming SMS messages.

Asmita A1 , Kiran A R2 , G R Udupi

2013-05-01

47

Monitoring and controlling fuel level of remote tanks using Aplicom 12 GSM module  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper basically describes how fuel level in fuel tanks can remotely be controlled and monitored in order to provide a cost-effective solution to a unique challenge of fuel shortage. This was experimented with the aid of Aplicom 12 GSM Module connected to a fuel gauge of a remote tank and the variation in fuel level was remotely monitored through a compatible mobile phone. Aplicom 12 Configurator software was used to configure the Aplicom 12 GSM Module. Then, control messages were sent from a compatible mobile phone through a GSM network to the Module and response messages were sent back to the mobile phone in form of different voltage levels which correspond to the volumes of fuel in the remote tank. An equation and a graph that relates volume to voltage were established.

Obikoya Gbenga Daniel

2011-01-01

48

An Enhanced Railway Transport System using FPGA through GPS & GSM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Travel time information is a vital component of manyintelligent transportation systems (ITS applications. In recentyears, the number of passengers travels in train & number of trainsin India has increased tremendously. Due to the increase innumber of trains the train times may be delayed and the passengershave to wait at railway stations. A desirable strategy to deal withsuch issues is to provide better service (comfort, convenience and soon the notification of location of time through GSM. One suchapplication provides accurate information about train arrivals topassengers, leading to reduced waiting times at railway stations.This needs a real-time data collection technique, a quick andreliable data and informing the passengers regarding the same. Thescope of this proposed system is to use global positioning systemdata collected from trains in the city in India, to show the location.The system consists of three modules: Vehicle section Module,BASE Station section Module, User mobile section Module.Equipped with PC and GSM modem, BASE Station Module sendsthe initialization information containing the train number toVehicle section Module using SMS. The microcontroller basedvehicle section Module consisting mainly of a GPS receiver andGSM modem then starts transmitting its location to BASE StationModule. BASE Station Module equipped with a microcontrollerunit and GSM modems interfaced to PCs is designed to keep trackrecord of every train, processes user request about a particulartrain location out of BASE Station and updates trains location atstations. GPS Module is installed at every station and consists of aGSM modem, memory unit and dot matrix display all interfaced toa microcontroller. This module receives trains location informationcoming towards that station from BASE Station module anddisplays the information on a dot matrix display. The performanceof the proposed system is found to be promising and expected to bevaluable in the development of advanced public transportationsystems (APTS in India. The work presented here is one of the firstattempts at real-time short-term prediction of arrival time for ITSapplications in India.

P.Vamsi Krishna

2013-01-01

49

Sistemas de M2M utilizando GSM  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Com esta dissertação pretende-se estudar e projectar um sistema de controlo e comunicação M2M (Machine to Machine) que monitorize elementos móveis, por recurso a comunicações GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications). A solução proposta implica monitorizar e colectar informação telemática de um veículo, utilizando o canal GSM. O dispositivo utilizado consiste num módulo GSM/GPS, programado por linguagem Python, de forma a permitir obter informação específica via GPRS. ...

Silva, Vanessa Se?rgio Da

2010-01-01

50

Design and Implementation of Remotely Controlled Vehicle Anti-Theft System via GSM Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to build a secured and reliable vehicle anti-theft system which will have the ability to access the vehicle subsystems from a remote location where there is GSM network. And also, the design method involves the interfacing of GSM/GPRS modem module with the vehicle ignition subsystem, and the test result shows that it performs some control actions on the vehicle subsystems from a mobile phone, having taken the advantage of the wide coverage area of some GSM networks. Hence the topic is “Remotely Controlled Vehicle Anti-theft System via GSM Network”.

O. O. Omitola

2013-08-01

51

GSM Based Flexible Calling System For Coal Mining Workers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents an emergency flexible calling system consists of GSM module, solar panel, vibration sensor, battery sensor and fire sensor which are connected with centralized control room by wireless communication. Proposed system may be installed near coal mine where even basic emergency services are not available. It will be totally based on GSM signal strength. In case of medical & accidental emergency happen in the coal mine, particularly when the workerdoesn’t have the mobile phone or having no tower in coal mine, this system may be very much helpful.System has flexible timer for calling to the control room. The System will be protected from theft attempts using different alarm circuits like vibration sensor, fire sensor and battery sensor. This system will be continuously powered through a solar panel. This system will be useful even for illiterate people as well as for coal mining worker. The purpose of this project is to help people in emergency in remote location as early as possible. This system can useful in villages having no electricity.

Prof. Himanshu K. Patel#1, Deep H. Desai*2, Tanvi G. Badheka

2013-04-01

52

Intelligent Polling System Using GSM Technology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Voting is the foundation of a democratic system of government, whether the system uses direct or representative governance. To increase the efficiency and accuracy of voting procedures, computerized voting systems were developed to help collecting and counting the votes. For a variety of reasons, voters may be unable to attend voting booths physically, but need to vote remotely, for example, from home or while traveling abroad. Hence, there is great demand for remote voting procedures that ar...

Hemlata Sahu; Anupam Choudhray

2011-01-01

53

Interworking and integration of the Inmarsat Standard-M with Pan-European GSM system  

Science.gov (United States)

The market demand on mobile telephone communications has been increasing since the introduction of the cellular mobile telephone systems about twelve years ago. In Europe, projections indicate a demand of about 17 million subscribers for a fully deployed Pan European system. The Pan-European GSM system is to harmonize the growth of the terrestrial mobile system. Studies conducted by the European Space Agency (ESA) indicate that even with 60-70 percent of the area being covered by the GSM, a significant traffic demand (voice and data) will still exist for areas not covered by the terrestrial systems. This demand could be satisfied by a land mobile satellite system. The satellite system is therefore seen in a complementary role rather than in competition with the terrestrial system in an integrated telecommunications network. One possible scenario may be that initially the satellite system provides services to the rural areas together with areas still not covered by the GSM system. This service area is then gradually diminished as the terrestrial system expands until an optimum point is reached where the systems co-exist optimally. The objective of this paper is to investigate the possibility of integration of a space based system, in this case Inmarsat Standard-M, with the GSM (Global System for Mobile communications). One very important advantage of incorporating GSM services in Standard-M is that it will be feasible to extend the GSM services economically worldwide, not only to land mobiles but also to aeronautical and maritime mobiles.

Tafazolli, R.; Evans, B. G.

1993-01-01

54

Interworking and integration of the Inmarsat Standard-M with Pan-European GSM system  

Science.gov (United States)

The market demand on mobile telephone communications has been increasing since the introduction of the cellular mobile telephone systems about twelve years ago. In Europe, projections indicate a demand of about 17 million subscribers for a fully deployed Pan European system. The Pan-European GSM system is to harmonize the growth of the terrestrial mobile system. Studies conducted by the European Space Agency (ESA) indicate that even with 60-70 percent of the area being covered by the GSM, a significant traffic demand (voice and data) will still exist for areas not covered by the terrestrial systems. This demand could be satisfied by a land mobile satellite system. The satellite system is therefore seen in a complementary role rather than in competition with the terrestrial system in an integrated telecommunications network. One possible scenario may be that initially the satellite system provides services to the rural areas together with areas still not covered by the GSM system. This service area is then gradually diminished as the terrestrial system expands until an optimum point is reached where the systems co-exist optimally. The objective of this paper is to investigate the possibility of integration of a space based system, in this case Inmarsat Standard-M, with the GSM (Global System for Mobile communications). One very important advantage of incorporating GSM services in Standard-M is that it will be feasible to extend the GSM services economically worldwide, not only to land mobiles but also to aeronautical and maritime mobiles.

Tafazolli, R.; Evans, B. G.

55

Advanced Embedded System Assisted Gsm And Rfid Based Smart School Management System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Among the various technological devices and systems, global system for mobile communication (GSM is believed as an efficient and fast enough technique that can perform efficient, real time object identification and fast reporting. GSM based tracking system will pass complete information about, where the object (student and its activities. The RFID system is utilized as a board module to attach the parts of the object (bag, identity card, tag, etc and follow the object then and there. The designed model is studied under laboratory scale and the results are analysed.

V.SIVASANKARAN, S.MURUGANAND, AZHA.PERIASAMY

2013-07-01

56

GSM BASED POWER METER READING AND CONTROL SYSTEM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present system of energy billing is error prone and also time and labor consuming. Errors get introduced at every stage of energy billing like errors with electro-mechanical meters, human errors while noting down the meter reading, and errors while processing the paid bills and the due bills. The home appliances which consume more power causes an increase in the payment of excessive bills. The remedy for all these problems GPMC(GSM based power meter and control system is developed which consist of the integration of a single phase Class 1, IEC61036 , standard compliance digital kWh power meter. It will keep track of the meter reading of each day and the reading with the user identification number send it to the user as well as to the electricity department and Electricity eBilling system associated with electricity department will keep the track of each SMS meter reading and the appropriate bill get generated at the last day of the month and the bill is forwarded to user from the server. So there is no chances of confusion to the user for paying the bill. The GPMC also feature distribution control system which controls the power of the appliances remotely.

Mr.Rahul Ganesh Sarangle , Prof.Dr.Uday Pandit , Khot Prof. Jayen Modi

2012-06-01

57

Intelligent GSM Cell Coverage Analysis System Based on GIS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In mobile network, a deviation of cell coverage area influences many network performance indexes. Cell coverage analyses are vital to network optimization. The traditional check method is DT (Drive Test or FSP (Field Strength Prediction by manpower which costs much time and resources. This paper presents an intelligent multiple factors analysis method on cell coverage, and designs the relevant software system based on GIS platform. This system derives a cell coverage analysis chart and identifies the cells with cross-boundary coverage or poor coverage problem by collecting a huge number of mobile phone measure data in OMC and analyzing multiple factors based on the measure data and the basic data of cells. The measure data analysis aims to compute signal level distribution, sample point distribution, category of interferences. The basic data of cells includes neighborhood relationship, azimuth ward, location and distance between two cells. The base station site level can be computed from the basic data of cells by the triangulation method. The calculation and analysis results are presented in the map based on GIS platform to improve visualization. This method and system are validated by a large number of actual datasets from an in-service GSM network. Contrast with the traditional cell analysis method, this method and system demonstrate advantages in intelligence, accuracy, timeliness, and visualization.

Lina Lan

2011-05-01

58

GSM Based Engine & A.C Control System for Vehicles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is to focus on asystem which is developed using GSM module, KEIL software andPROTEUS software to work as a wireless vehicle engine igniterfor various vehicle engine based application. Through thisapplication we can take control over every module inside thevehicle which depends upon the ignition of engine .One of theapplication focused in this paper is ignition of Air Conditioningsystem using GSM module. The A.C inside the car usually takesten to fifteen minutes to maintain the normal temperature. Byusing this GSM module we turn ON the Vehicle A.C before arequired specific time. This is done in two simple steps-Firstlyignition of vehicle engine and Secondly ignition of A.C inside thevehicle by sending SMS by owner’s mobile. The proceedingcontent will reveal a general outlook to achieve the foresaidobjectives.

Ms. Shalini Tiwari,

2013-05-01

59

GSM Mobile Phone Based LED Scrolling Message Display System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over the last few years, the GSM cellular phone has grown from a luxury item owned by the rich to something so common that one out of five Filipinos already owns one. This is amazing when we look at the fact that our country is a developing one with almost half our population living below the poverty line. This continuously growing popularity of the GSM cell phone has spurred the growth of the country?s cellular network infrastructure led by the two major players, Ayala owned Globe Telecom, and PLDT?s Smart Cellular.[3

Prachee U.Ketkar1 , Kunal P.Tayade2 , Akash P. Kulkarni3 , Rajkishor M.Tugnayat4

2013-04-01

60

Security Management System for Oilfield Based on GSM Technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Security Management at the industries mainly during the night times at the oil field is a critical task for the security people. Checking for the oil thefting, power failure, temperature range checking, tilt checking of the tanks, leakage of oil by rotating the pump done by the thieves is a critical task for the security people. To improve the security level by implantation of wireless embedded technology will solve this problem. By reducing the manual power, at the site locations, and by improving the security level with the help of GSM based wireless technology which consist of transmitter (GSM modem at the site location and receiver is the GSM mobile. Information transmitted by the GSM modem at the plant location will be sent to the respective person’s mobile as a text message. The security people will take appropriate action according to the problem. For this we are used LPC2148 (ARM7 based microcontroller, which is the current dominant microcontroller in mobile based products and Softwaredevelopment tools as Keil, flash magic for loading hex file into the microcontroller.

Batchu Spandana,

2011-06-01

 
 
 
 
61

PIC CONTROLLER BASED PROCESS CONTROL SYSTEM USING GSM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Devices with microcontroller are widely used in industrial field. We use network interface for connecting more than one device for parallel control. Here we present a design of PIC controller based embedded RS 485 interface. In this design the RS 485 module can be converted into network interface to obtain connectivity with the device. The design mainly consists of process control unit, RS485 communication module and GSM communication module. In the design the data can be transmitted from industrial device to process control unit and also data can be transmitted on mobile through GSM modem, when administrator requests for data. All the machines are authenticated by the administrator, using a password; administrator can control all the process of machines.

Ritesh Gupta , Mukti Awad

2012-07-01

62

Analysis of Blocking Probability in a GSM Based Cellular Network System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we check the performance of a GSM cellular communication system by using FDMA –TDMA system . In the present paper we evaluate the performance of the blocking probability, spectral efficiency and the bit error rate by using the a specific model. By using this we try to improve Rician and lognormal

Anuj Kumar, Shilpi Srivastav, Alok Agarwal, Narendra Kuma

2012-10-01

63

Perbedaan Kepuasan Konsumen Antara Pengguna operator Telepon Seluler Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) dan Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif komparatif bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan kepuasan konsumen antara pengguna operator telepon seluler Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) dan Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA). Sebagai teknologi seluler digital pertama sistem GSM menjadi bisnis yang sangat menguntungkan bagi para operator dan menguasai pasar di Indonesia hingga akhirnya hadir teknologi generasi ketiga yang dikenal dengan CDMA. Kehadiran CDMA menja...

Simatupang, Charles

2011-01-01

64

A STATISTICAL MODEL FOR THE 2G, GSM COMMUNICATION SYSTEM IN UTTARAKHAND USING MULTIPLE REGRESSION TECHNIQUE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper introduces a statistical model by using the statistical methods in 2G,GSM communication system.Multiple regression formula is to calculate path loss. It is assumed that hb,W and ? are three statistical variables. We use nakagami distribution to model hb,W and uniform distribution to model ?.

Meenal Sharma

2011-07-01

65

ADVANCEMENT IN AUTOMATIC FARM FIELD AQUA SYSTEM THROUGH GSM TECHNOLOGY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This project explains about the automatic agricultural development by using GSM Technology.To irrigate a land with full of automation,without using any of the human resource,with the help of sensors for an effective land cultivation.In this project, a tank, land of 10 to 20 acres and a well is required for the development of the project.A tank is introduced between the well and alnd for the effective production.Two sensors one at the bottom of the tank and other at the top of the tank are fixed.A timer is fixed near to the top level sensors to detect the water and to stop the motor.If the lower level sensor is not sensed the motor for the outlet of water from the well will be switched on,by the same side the water from the tank will not be let out.If the upper level of the sensor is detected,the timer starts its count down from 0sec,when it reaches the 5min motor will be switched off.The other sensor will be in need of water only when the sensor deep under the land and slightly away from the root is not detected,thus using transmitter the waves is passed to switch on the motor.This motor connecting to the tank and the land will be switched on only when the lower level sensor in the tank is sensed.This all functions are programmed into the PIC microcontroller.Depending upon the water level it will provide the instructions.In this project we use GSM for sending the notification message to the farmers whether the motor is on or off.

L. PRIYANGA DEVI, S.YAMUNA

2013-06-01

66

Gamma portal detector with micro-processed and GSM communication system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: We present in this paper a new concept of gamma radiation portal detector, where the detection process is monitored by a micro-controller, coupled to a compatible GSM communication system, which is suitable to be accessed by all mobile phone operators worldwide. The signal generated at the detectors is converted by an A/D circuit, and driven to a micro-controller where a software evaluates the signal conditions and, depending on a previously set program, it triggers a communication system which sends the alarm to any computer linked to internet and/or to any mobile phone protocol by a specific software linked to the portal. The control electronic system is compatible to several detectors types, ranging from gas based devices to solid state ones. The portal is totally compatible with the ANSI - Standard N42.35 - 2004. It can be used in all types of government and industrial control scenarios. Its measure device permits the use of the equipment in all range of sensibility and in tracking radiation signals where it is. (author)

67

A Low Cost GSM and GPS Enabled Liquid Fall Detection System for Medical Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The most common adverse event in adults/patients is fall. The fall management has always caused a major challenge in medical systems. Fall in adults/patients can cause major health complications that can ultimately leads to health decline and increases the medical care cost. Many of latest technologies have been in use for fall management like GPS enabled Tri-axial Accelerometers (MEMS, Gyroscopes and Magnetometers etc. This paper presents human fall detection system by using a inexpensive approach of Liquid Fall Detection System (LFDS. It uses GSM architecture for information transformation through SMS. It is also GPS-Based location awareness fall detection system that facilitates immediate positional information to the caretakers. Obviously, the integration of location awareness, GSM and fall detection technologies fulfills the requirements of delivering critical information to respective persons.

Sudhindra F

2014-07-01

68

Effects of Mobile Phone System (GSM-900) on the Rabbit Hearing with Auditory Brainstem Response  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A rapid worldwide expansion of mobile telephones raises questions regarding possible effects of the emitted radiofrequencies on the health of the consumers. The mobile phone system (GSM-900) works in the range of 890-960 MHZ in the electromagnetic spectrum. The present study was performed to investigate the effect of mobile phone radiation on auditory system of rabbit. The auditory brainstem response (ABR), was studied before and after using a mobile phone in the hearing of rabbit. After meas...

Ali Khavanin; Parvin Najafi; Abbas Rezaee; Hossin Bakhtou; Mehdi Akbari

2007-01-01

69

CellSense: An Accurate Energy-Efficient GSM Positioning System  

CERN Document Server

Context-aware applications have been gaining huge interest in the last few years. With cell phones becoming ubiquitous computing devices, cell phone localization has become an important research problem. In this paper, we present CellSense, a prob- abilistic RSSI-based fingerprinting location determi- nation system for GSM phones. We discuss the chal- lenges of implementing a probabilistic fingerprinting localization technique in GSM networks and present the details of the CellSense systemand how it addresses these challenges. We then extend the proposed system using a hybrid technique that combines probabilistic and deterministic estimation to achieve both high ac- curacy and low computational overhead.Moreover, the accuracy of the hybrid technique is robust to changes in its parameter values. To evaluate our proposed system, we implemented CellSense on Android-based phones. Results from two different testbeds, represent- ing urban and rural environments, for three differ- ent cellular providers show that Ce...

Ibrahim, Mohamed

2011-01-01

70

A survey on electromagnetic interferences on aircraft avionics systems and a GSM on board system overview  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent years have been characterized by an increase in the air traffic. More attention over micro-economic and macroeconomic indexes would be strategic to gather and enhance the safety of a flight and customer needing, for communicating by wireless handhelds on-board aircrafts. Thus, European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) proposed a GSM On Board (GSMOBA) system as a possible solution, allowing mobile terminals to communicate through GSM system on aircraft, avoiding electromagnetic interferences with radio components aboard. The main issues are directly related with interferences that could spring-out when mobile terminals attempt to connect to ground BTS, from the airplane. This kind of system is able to resolve the problem in terms of conformance of Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP) limits, defined outside the aircraft, by using an On board BTS (OBTS) and modeling the relevant key RF parameters on the air. The main purpose of this work is to illustrate the state-of-the-art of literature and previous studies about the problem, giving also a good detail of technical and normative references.

Vinto, Natale; Tropea, Mauro; Fazio, Peppino; Voznak, Miroslav

2014-05-01

71

Impact of Ultra Wide Band (UWB on Macrocell Downlink of DCS-1800 and GSM-900 Systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The effect of UWB interference on the DCS-1800 and GSM-900 downlink is studied for different UWB power density. For high UWB power density (-70 dBm/MHz, the effect of UWB signals is very high when the distance between UWB transmitter and DCS-1800 receiver is less than 1 m. For low UWB power density (-100 dBm/MHz, the effect of the UWB signals is quasi null even if the distance between the UWB transmitter and the DCS-1800 receiver is 0.5 m. It is found that the spectrum mask proposed by the FCC for indoor application (-53 dBm/MHz in the DCS-1800 band and -41 dBm/MHz in the GSM-900 band is very high to be tolerated by the two mobile systems and we have to propose another spectrum mask with lower UWB power density.

L. D. Haro-Ariet

2005-04-01

72

DETERMINING THE PREFERENCE OF GSM OPERATORS IN TURKEY WITH FUZZY TOPSIS AFTER MOBILE NUMBER PORTABILITY SYSTEM APPLICATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mobile number portability systems is a system that can allow portability of GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications number from another operator without changing GSM number. There are several criteria to select the GSM operators by customer after this system is legal in Turkey. The main purpose of this study is to determine the market sharing in the future of GSM operators by expressing the weighting grades of selection criteria and the relationship between criteria and alternatives that include uncertainty as fuzzy triangular numbers. In this study, the selection criteria of GSM operators are defined form literature and views of customer and weighted with linguistic variables by working group. Avea, Turkcell and Vodafone that active in Turkey are graded with linguistic variables to each criterion. Analyzing linguistic variables as qualitative variables and using graded linguistic variables in a specified interval are required fuzzy multi-criteria decision making methods. Expected market sharing of GSM operators is determined by using fuzzy TOPSIS method.

Nihal ERG?NEL

2010-12-01

73

Remote Monitoring System for Communication Base Based on Short Message  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents design and development of an automatic monitoring system of communication base which is an important means to realize modernization of mobile communication base station management. Firstly, this paper proposes the architecture of the monitoring system. The proposed system consists of mocrocontrollers, sensors, GSM module and MFRC500 etc. The value of parameters is measured in the system including terminal is studied and designed, including hardware design based on embedded system and software design. Finally, communication module is discussed. The monitoring system which is designed  based on GSM SMS(short message service can improve the integrity, reliability, flexibility and intellectuality of monitoring system.

Han Yu Fu

2013-07-01

74

Decoding GSM  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We have participated in the creation of almost two terabytes of tables aimed at cracking A5/1, the most common ciphering algorithm used in GSM. Given 114-bit of known plaintext, we are able to recover the session key with a hit rate of 19%. The tables are expected to be unique as they provide the best coverage yet known to the authors, and they are the first step in a real-world passive attack against GSM. An initial investigation and analysis into the air interface of GSM were performed, fro...

Glendrange, Magnus; Hove, Kristian; Hvideberg, Espen

2010-01-01

75

Reminder: GSM  

CERN Multimedia

1- Your present GSM subscription (SIM card) will no longer be valid as from the 5th January 2004. 2- Short numbers 16xxxx (where xxxx are your current last 4 digits) will remain valid. 3- Your new number from outside will then be +4176 487xxxx. 4- From the 20th December to the 4th January 2004 (CERN's official holiday) your GSM will be unusable underground. Nota bene: Due to the high costs involved calls from outside will not be automatically diverted to a "combox" indicating that your number has changed. It is therefore up to you to inform your correspondents of your GSM number change. For further information on the GSM Migration see the CERN home page: http://cern.ch/

2003-01-01

76

Medical reliable network using concatenated channel codes through GSM network.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the 4(th) generation (4G) of global mobile communication network, i.e. Long Term Evolution (LTE) coexisting with the 3(rd) generation (3G) has successfully started; the 2(nd) generation (2G), i.e. Global System for Mobile communication (GSM) still playing an important role in many developing countries. Without any other reliable network infrastructure, GSM can be applied for tele-monitoring applications, where high mobility and low cost are necessary. A core objective of this paper is to introduce the design of a more reliable and dependable Medical Network Channel Code system (MNCC) through GSM Network. MNCC design based on simple concatenated channel code, which is cascade of an inner code (GSM) and an extra outer code (Convolution Code) in order to protect medical data more robust against channel errors than other data using the existing GSM network. In this paper, the MNCC system will provide Bit Error Rate (BER) equivalent to the BER for medical tele monitoring of physiological signals, which is 10(-5) or less. The performance of the MNCC has been proven and investigated using computer simulations under different channels condition such as, Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN), Rayleigh noise and burst noise. Generally the MNCC system has been providing better performance as compared to GSM. PMID:24110797

Ahmed, Emtithal; Kohno, Ryuji

2013-01-01

77

GSM Mobile Phone Based LED Scrolling Message Display System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Wireless communication has announced its arrival on big stage and the world is going mobile. We want to control everything and withoutmoving an inch. The use of “Embedded System in Communication” has given rise to many interesting applications that ensures comfort and safety to human life. One of such applications is public addressing system (PAS). In this technical paper explains how a reliable and an authentic wireless communication could be easily developed between a mobile phone and m...

Borkar, Priyanka A.; Muley, Ashish K.; Masram, Niraj B.; Tugnayat, Dr R. M.

2013-01-01

78

CellSense: A Probabilistic RSSI-based GSM Positioning System  

CERN Document Server

Context-aware applications have been gaining huge interest in the last few years. With cell phones becoming ubiquitous computing devices, cell phone localization has become an important research problem. In this paper, we present CellSense, a prob- abilistic RSSI-based fingerprinting location determina- tion system for GSM phones.We discuss the challenges of implementing a probabilistic fingerprinting local- ization technique in GSM networks and present the details of the CellSense system and how it addresses the challenges. To evaluate our proposed system, we implemented CellSense on Android-based phones. Re- sults for two different testbeds, representing urban and rural environments, show that CellSense provides at least 23.8% enhancement in accuracy in rural areas and at least 86.4% in urban areas compared to other RSSI-based GSMlocalization systems. This comes with a minimal increase in computational requirements. We also evaluate the effect of changing the different system parameters on the accuracy-comp...

Ibrahim, Mohamed

2010-01-01

79

PV-solar / wind hybrid energy system for GSM/CDMA type mobile telephony base station  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper gives the design idea of optimized PV-Solar and Wind Hybrid Energy System for GSM/CDMA type mobile base station over conventional diesel generator for a particular site in central India (Bhopal . For this hybrid system ,the meteorological data of Solar Insolation, hourly wind speed, are taken for Bhopal-Central India (Longitude 77o.23'and Latitude 23o.21' and the pattern of load consumption of mobile base station are studied and suitably modeled for optimization of the hybrid energy system using HOMER software. The simulation and optimization result gives the best optimized sizing of wind turbine and solar array with diesel generator for particular GSM/CDMA type mobile telephony base station. This system is more cost effective and environmental friendly over the conventional diesel generator. It should reduced approximate 70%-80% fuel cost over conventional diesel generator and also reduced the emission of CO2 and other harmful gasses in environments. It is expected that the newly developed and installed system will provide very good opportunities for telecom sector in near future.

Pragya Nema, R.K. Nema, Saroj Rangnekar

2010-03-01

80

PV-solar / wind hybrid energy system for GSM/CDMA type mobile telephony base station  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper gives the design idea of optimized PV-Solar and Wind Hybrid Energy System for GSM/CDMA type mobile base station over conventional diesel generator for a particular site in central India (Bhopal). For this hybrid system ,the meteorological data of Solar Insolation, hourly wind speed, are taken for Bhopal-Central India (Longitude 77 deg.23'and Latitude 23 deg.21' ) and the pattern of load consumption of mobile base station are studied and suitably modeled for optimization of the hybrid energy system using HOMER software. The simulation and optimization result gives the best optimized sizing of wind turbine and solar array with diesel generator for particular GSM/CDMA type mobile telephony base station. This system is more cost effective and environmental friendly over the conventional diesel generator. It should reduced approximate 70%-80% fuel cost over conventional diesel generator and also reduced the emission of CO2 and other harmful gasses in environments. It is expected that the newly developed and installed system will provide very good opportunities for telecom sector in near future.

Nema, Pragya; Rangnekar, Saroj [Energy Engineering Department, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology , Bhopal-462007 M.P. (India); Nema, R.K. [Electrical Engineering Department, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal-462007 M.P. (India)

2010-07-01

 
 
 
 
81

Development of a Secured Security System for an Automobile using GSM Technology and Electronic Circuit  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper focuses on the design and development of a security system for an automobile using GSM technology and electronic circuit which is being used to prevent or control the theft of a vehicle. The case of car hijacking has become so rampant that it has become a threat to the world leaders. Some of them cannot drive their expensive cars without escort plus the sounding of siren to scare the evil perpetrators. The necessity of car security cannot be overemphasized by car owners due to high cost of purchasing car nowadays. Car security system using GSM and Electronic circuit had been designed, which can operate in two ways: receiving signal / command from the car owner through the mobile phone or by taken decision by itself using electronic circuit. The signal received through the mobile phone that serves as input to the circuit and immediately sends signal through transistor TR1 and TR2 to the 555 timer IC1 to other transistors in the circuit and output of one transistor serves as input signal to another. The output signal from the PIC 16F84A or CD 4017 demobilized the central lock system and brain box of the car. The demobilized central lock system and brain box can be reset by calling or sending another signal through the mobile phone to reset the brain box.

Segun O. Olatinwo

2013-01-01

82

ELECTRICITY METER READING USING GSM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Electricity Meter Reading using GSM system consists of GSM Digital Power Meters installed in every consumer unit and a back-end database at the EB office which calculates the amount to be paid according to the number of units consumed. The GSM Digital Power Meter is a single phase digital kWh power meter with embedded GSM modem which utilizes the GSM network to send its power usage reading using Short Messaging Service (SMS back to the energy provider wirelessly. The user interface also consists of LCD which displays the amount of power consumed. The advantages of the proposed system make the existing system incompetent. It is possible to connect to remote areas as it employs wireless technology. The new system is user friendly, easy to access and far more efficient than the existing system. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AS

Tanvira Ismail

2013-06-01

83

Dosimetric assessment of an exposure system for simulating GSM and WCDMA mobile phone usage.  

Science.gov (United States)

An exposure system for investigation of volunteers during simulated GSM and WCDMA mobile phone usage has been designed. The apparatus consists of a dual band antenna with enhanced carrying properties that enables exposure for at least 8 h a day. For GSM a 900 MHz pulse modulated carrier was used. The QPSK modulated WCDMA signal at 1966 MHz comprises a power control scheme, which was designed for investigations of biological effects. The dosimetry of the exposure system by measurements and calculations is described in detail within this paper. It is shown that the SAR distribution of the antenna shows similar characteristics to mobile phones with an integrated antenna. The 10 g averaged localized SAR, normalized to an antenna input power of 1 W and measured in the flat phantom area of the SAM phantom, amounts to 7.82 mW/g (900 MHz) and 10.98 mW/g (1966 MHz). The simulated SAR(10 g) in the Visible Human head model agrees with measured values to within 20%. A variation of the antenna rotation angle results in an SAR(10 g) change below 17%. The increase of the antenna distance by 2 mm with respect to the human head leads to an SAR(10 g) change of 9%. PMID:16557502

Bahr, Achim; Dorn, Hans; Bolz, Thomas

2006-05-01

84

GSM Security Using Identity-based Cryptography  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Current security model in Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) predominantly use symmetric key cryptography. The rapid advancement of Internet technology facilitates online trading, banking, downloading, emailing using resource-constrained handheld devices such as personal digital assistants and cell phones. However, these applications require more security than the present GSM supports. Consequently, a careful design of GSM security using both symmetric and asymmet...

Agarwal, Animesh; Shrimali, Vaibhav; Das, Manik Lal

2009-01-01

85

Voice Based Guidance and Location Indication System for the Blind Using GSM, GPS and Optical Device Indicator  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a theoretical model and a system concept to provide a smart electronic aid for blind people. This system is intended to provide overall measures –object detection and realtime assistance via Global Positioning System(GPS.The system consist of ultrasonic sensor, GPS Module, GSM Module and vibratory circuit speakers or head phones. This project aims at the development of an Electronic Travelling Aid (ETA kit to help the blind people to find obstacle free path. This ETA is fixed to the stick of the blind people. When the object is detected near to the blinds stick it alerts them with the help of vibratory circuit(speakers or head phones. The location of the blind is found using Global System for Mobile communications (GSM and Global Position System (GPS.

M. Naveen Kumar#1 , K. Usha

2013-07-01

86

GSM and Internet Based Home Security  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Home security and control is one of the basic need of the mankind since from evaluation of Embedded Systems. The paper “GSM and internet based home security” is mainly aims to implements the emerging applications of the GSM technology. Using GSM networks, a controlling system has been proposed that will act as an embedded system which can monitor and control appliances and other devices locally using built-in input and output peripherals. Remotely the system allows the user to effectively monitor and control the house/office appliances and equipments via the mobile phone set by sending commands in the form of SMS messages and receiving the appliances status. This project concept is to use keywords as SMS and processing it further as required to perform several operations. The operation to be performed depends up on the nature of the SMS sent or keyword used. The principle in which the project is based is fairly simple. First, the sent SMS will be received at the receiver mobile station and then the required control signal is generated and sent to the intermediate hardware that we have designed according to the command received in form of the sent message. In this we are using internet also to send messages through internet we can controldevices

Owais Ahmed#1, B Karunaiah*2, K V Murali Mohan

2013-09-01

87

GSM/GPRS Based Vehicle Tracking System and Speed Detection with Toll Collection  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Now a day in 21st century traffic on the highways (roads is so high that’s why traffic police fails to trap the driver of the vehiclewho violates the speed limitations. Tracking of such vehicles is not possible instantly for traffic officer. So this gives more problems in traffic management system. There is another issue of traffic at toll collection. In recent decade more toll collection are build in India most are on Express way or national high way. They all are work on human interface so that each vehicle has to stop at toll plaza and collect an amount of money at toll plaza this gives a high traffic at toll plaza. Our system having capacity to reduce traffic at toll collection and increase efficiency of police to capture the any driver that increases is speed of vehicle comparing with the restricted speed. This system uses the Atmega 16 microcontroller in combination with Global System for Mobile (GSM technology.

Pratik Prakash Thakare

2013-05-01

88

Hydrological Monitoring System Design and Implementation Based on IOT  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, an embedded system development platform based on GSM communication is proposed. Through its application in hydrology monitoring management, the author makes discussion about communication reliability and lightning protection, suggests detail solutions, and also analyzes design and realization of upper computer software. Finally, communication program is given. Hydrology monitoring system from wireless communication network is a typical practical application of embedded system, which has realized intelligence, modernization, high-efficiency and networking of hydrology monitoring management.

Han, Kun; Zhang, Dacheng; Bo, Jingyi; Zhang, Zhiguang

89

Effects of Mobile Phone System (GSM-900 on the Rabbit Hearing with Auditory Brainstem Response  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A rapid worldwide expansion of mobile telephones raises questions regarding possible effects of the emitted radiofrequencies on the health of the consumers. The mobile phone system (GSM-900 works in the range of 890-960 MHZ in the electromagnetic spectrum. The present study was performed to investigate the effect of mobile phone radiation on auditory system of rabbit. The auditory brainstem response (ABR, was studied before and after using a mobile phone in the hearing of rabbit. After measuring of click and tone burst at different frequencies (500, 1000, 2000, 4000 and 8000 HZ with two intensities of 70 and 100 dB, the animals were exposured to electromagnetic waves from a simulator of mobile phone one week exposure and 16-19 h rest. The ABR tests were shown that the latency time of wave V (ms have some changes in the frequencies of the experiments. The latency time of wave V (ms at the frequencies of 500 and 1000 HZ was almost unchanged, but at the frequencies of 2000, 4000 and 8000 HZ were decreased at the end of second week of exposure. Statistical analysis have not any significant changes between time latency of wave in pre and post exposures.

Ali Khavanin

2007-01-01

90

Multi-Functional Monitoring System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Instead of having the single application in a system it is better to have multiple applications such that the user can run the vehicle safely and can avoid the accident. Here in this paper we are using a combination of different technologies such as GPS, GSM Technology. Now a days drunken drivers are increasing enormously. Due to this drunken driving, accidents are occurring at high rates. The main reason for driving drunk is that the police are not able to check each and every car. So we need an effective system which checks whether the driving person has drunken or not. Then it checks the seat belt is inserted properly or not. Vehicle will be automatically off when the system senses alcohol or seat belt is not properly inserted. Including with above applications, there is a CO sensor for monitoring the CO level which is emitted from the car and ultrasonic sensor for obstacle detection. The car is embedded with all the above technologies. If suddenly the vehicle met with an accident automatically the information will be transmitted to the nearest control room/medical rescue team by using an advanced GSM device which better suits for faster communication.

V VAMSHI KRISHNA1 , M.VEDACHARY2 , SUBHAN VALISHAIK

2013-09-01

91

GSM-pohjaisen hälytinjärjestelmän toteuttaminen, Case yksityinen kesähuvila  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Building a GSM-technology based alarm system – Case private summer house GSM-based intruder alarms have become significantly more common during the last decade. This is most likely because the producing materials constantly become cheaper and as GSM technology evolves, it can be used in new innovative intruder alarm solutions. The objective of this thesis is to solve how to build a mobile controllable GSM-technology based intruder alarm system for a customer’s remote summer house....

Ahvenainen, Miikka; Heiskanen, Kimmo

2010-01-01

92

Future alternatives to GSM-R  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Signalling is as fundamental contributor to a robust railway system. European Railway Traffic Management System (ERTMS) enhances dynamic train control, interoperability and track utilization. GSM-R is a communication subsystem in ERTMS.

Sniady, Aleksander; Soler, José

93

Mobile network maintenance (GSM)  

CERN Multimedia

Maintenance work will be carried out on the CERN mobile network infrastructure (GSM) on the 23 and 24 July from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. in order to replace discontinued equipment and to increase the bandwidth capacity of the GSM mobile network. All CERN GSM emitters (40 units) will be moved one by one to the new infrastructure during the maintenance. The call of a user connected to an emitter at the time of its maintenance will be cut off. However, the general overlapping of the GSM radio coverage should mean that users are able immediately to call again should their call be interrupted. IT/CS/CS

IT Department

2009-01-01

94

External GSM phone calls now made simpler  

CERN Multimedia

On 2 July, the IT/CS Telecom Service introduced a new service making external calls from CERN GSM phones easier. A specific prefix is no longer needed for calls outside CERN. External calls from CERN GSM phones are to be simplified. It is no longer necessary to use a special prefix to call an external number from the CERN GSM network.The Telecom Section of the IT/CS Group is introducing a new system that will make life easier for GSM users. It is no longer necessary to use a special prefix (333) to call an external number from the CERN GSM network. Simply dial the number directly like any other Swiss GSM customer. CERN currently has its own private GSM network with the Swiss mobile operator, Sunrise, covering the whole of Switzerland. This network was initially intended exclusively for calls between CERN numbers (replacing the old beeper system). A special system was later introduced for external calls, allowing them to pass thr...

2007-01-01

95

GSM-moduuli sulautetussa järjestelmässä  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Tässä opinnäytetyössä tutustuttiin GSM-moduulin ohjaukseen ja käyttöön sulautetussa järjestelmässä. Työssä käytettiin apuna Olimexin AVR-GSM-kehitysalustaa. Kehitysalustan tärkeimmät komponentit ovat ATMega32-mikrokontrolleri sekä Simcomin SIM300D GSM-moduuli. Työssä esitellään AVR-GSM-kehitysalusta ja SIM300D GSM-moduulin ohjaus AT-komennoilla. Työssä tehtiin myös esimerkkisovellus, joka havainnollistaa kehitysalustan ja GSM-moduulin käyttöä ja ohjausta. Opinn?...

Rantanen, Timo

2011-01-01

96

GSM on embedded Linux  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Opinnäytetyössä tarkasteltiin uuden Raspberry Pi tietokoneen käyttämistä alustana matkapuhelimen luomisessa. Matkapuhelimen fyysiset osat koostuvat LCD näytöstä, GSM moduulista, akusta ja näppäimistöstä. Työtä varten luotiin useita eri GSM toiminnallisuuksia käyttäviä esimerkki sovelluksia. Työssä käydään läpi tutkimuksen eri vaiheita ja niissä vastaan tulleitta ongelmia. Työssä esitellään luotuja prototyyppejä, käytettyjä osia ja teknologioita. Pääpaino on k...

Ruotsalainen, Antti

2013-01-01

97

Exposure setup to study potential adverse effects at GSM 1800 and UMTS frequencies on the auditory systems of rats  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To investigate possible biological effects of exposure to electromagnetic (EM) fields at the frequencies of global system for mobile communication (GSM) 1800 system and universal mobile telecommunication system (UMTS) on the auditory system of rats, an exposure setup for in vivo experiments is presented. The study was carried out in the framework of two European research projects. The target of the investigation was the cochlea. A dosimetric study was performed, both numerically and through direct measurements, to assess the interaction of the radiated fields and the dose distribution in the biological target. For the local exposure of rats, a loop antenna operating at the frequency bands of interest was designed, realised and characterised through numerical and experimental dosimetric procedures. Moreover, an exposure apparatus was set up, consisting of three arrays of four loop antennas, placed on three levels, thus allowing simultaneous exposure of 12 rats to give statistical power to the experiments. To isolate the exposure arrays, the setup was assembled by a wooden rack with EM field absorbing panels, inserted among the levels and at the four sides of the rack. Isolation was verified by direct measurements. Two exposure arrays were simultaneously supplied, whereas the third one was used for sham exposure. Blind exposure was achieved through a black box, hiding physical connections to the microwave power supply. During exposure sessions, rats were restrained in special plastic jigs for repeatable positioning, thus assuring the fixed level of dose in the target. (authors)

98

Design of Wireless Terminal Based on GSM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available GSM network is currently the widest telecommunication network all over the world. GSM radio access technology acts as an important service item of mobile communication services. Using the digital cellular technology, it can provide telecommunication services in the coverage of the GSM cellular network. It has the characteristics of inexpensiveness, rapid service, flexibility, high capacity and satety. In this paper, the advanced software algorithms has been used and GSM radio access terminal (GFRA devices have been designed based on Taiwan ELAN Microcontroller (EM78and the hardware circuits of GSM receiver module. It is mainly from the power supply circuit, cell and control circuit, keyboard and detection circuit, MCU control module, display and control circuit, memory device and GSM module circuit, and so on. Powersupplies circuit of the whole system. Keyboard and detection circuit are completed telephone numbers and related informatioonto input. MCU control module carries through the related control of the communication. Memory device is to complete the dialing and caller information storage. Display and control circuit to the main completed dial-up and call informationsignal strength and other information are displayed.Experment confirms the feasibility of the design and effectiveness of China's remote mountain route to solve difficult problems of communication engineering reference value.

HE Chun-lin

2010-07-01

99

??TD-SCDMA/GSM?????????????? A Consistency Test Method about TD-SCDMA/GSM Handover Protocol  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ????????TTCN-2??3GPP????????????????????????????TTCN-2????????TD-SCDMA/GSM???????????????????????????????????????????This paper discussed a technique to achieve Protocol Conformance Test (PCT, analyzed the fea- sibility about this method, and presented the example of the approach about the TD-SCDMA Network System handover to GSM Network System in protocol specifications by TTCN-2. The results showed the flexibility, efficiency and high-logicality about the method in the field of PCT.

???

2011-12-01

100

A STUDY ON EFFICIENCY OF RESOURCE ALLOCATION (GUARANTEEING QOS) IN GSM/GPRS NETWORKS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) [1], initiated in 1994, is an ETSI standard for packet data transmission using the core GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) radio access network. GPRS shares the GSM frequency bands with telephone and circuit-switched data traffic, and makes use of many properties of the physical layer of the original GSM system. Since radio resources of a cell are shared by both the GPRS and GSM voice services, how to efficiently allocate radio resources between ...

Nayak, Himanshu D.

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

GSM-moduuli osana ohjausjärjestelmää  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Tässä opinnäytetyössä käsitellään sulautettuja järjestelmiä, GSM-verkon rakennetta ja tutkitaan GSM-päätelaitteen soveltuvuutta sulautetun järjestelmän M2Mohjaukseen. Lisäksi esitellään järjestelmäesimerkissä käytettävä GSM-moduuli ja sen käyttöönotto. Työ sisältää myös järjestelmäesimerkin määrittelyn, suunnittelun, toteutuksen ja testauksen. Tavoitteena on tehdä kehitysalusta, johon toteutetaan järjestelmäesimerkkinä ajoneuvon esilämmityksen ohjausj?...

Mo?nkko?nen, Arvi

2007-01-01

102

Design of Remote Intelligent Smart Home System Based on Zigbee and GSM Technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Based on ZIGBEE and GPRS technology a wireless remote and smart home security system has developed. Wireless remote systems for smart home application is developed to analysis and detect the status of home equipments based on GPRS and ZIGBEE technology. It consists of host control system and several sub function module and software. The host control system has GPRS module, a controller, ZIGBEE module and PIR sensor. The several sub function modules consists of the data acquisition module, centralized switch and ZIGBEE module.

MOHD ABDUL SAMAD1 , M.VEDA CHARY

2013-09-01

103

Virtual roaming systems for GSM, GPRS and UMTS open connectivity in practice  

CERN Document Server

This book provides a detailed technical guide to the virtual and optimised roaming systems for mobile networks Written by a pioneer in the field, this book focuses on the implementation of virtual roaming systems. It generalizes the previous SS7 SMS interworking architectures to voice and data, GPRS, and 3G virtual roaming; extending the discussion of virtual roaming to include location based services, optimal routing and 4G perspectives. The author provides a thorough and detailed technical explanation of the topic covering subjects such as 'Over the Air' (OTA) provisioning and de

Henry-Labordere, Arnaud

2009-01-01

104

Design of a Wireless Medical Monitoring System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Modern wireless communication consists mainly some technologies that provide solutions to the wireless data transmission network, such as: GSM, CDMA, 3G, Wi-Fi these solutions make network work with high efficiency and good quality, but still with high cost. So it was difficulty in popularizing in with low cost and at the circumstance of infrastructure less or infrastructure destruction. By utilizing the wireless technique to transmit information between medical sensor and monitoring control center, the free space of patients is enlarged, and the efficiency of the modern management of hospitals is improved. Besides, the problem of the lack of unremitted real-time care for every patient, which is caused by the shortage of health care members, is also solved. Therefore, the portable wireless medical monitoring products will become popular in the future market. Nowadays, there are various kinds of wireless communication protocols. But since the main task of a monitoring terminal is to realize the transmission of signals such as heart rate, body temperature, and calling signals---the data traffic is not heavy. In this paper, the real-time monitoring system for monitoring the patient’s physical states using wireless sensor network technology is illustrated.

Chavabathina Lavanya

2013-12-01

105

GSM/GPRS Based Vehicle Tracking System and Speed Detection with Toll Collection  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Now a day in 21st century traffic on the highways (roads) is so high that’s why traffic police fails to trap the driver of the vehiclewho violates the speed limitations. Tracking of such vehicles is not possible instantly for traffic officer. So this gives more problems in traffic management system. There is another issue of traffic at toll collection. In recent decade more toll collection are build in India most are on Express way or national high way. They all are work on human interface...

Pratik Prakash Thakare; Vrushali Prakash Thakare; Mayuri Avdhutrao Joshi

2013-01-01

106

CERN GSM SUBSCRIPTIONS  

CERN Multimedia

AS Division has created a new EDH document for handling all GSM subscription requests and amendments. This procedure will enter force immediately and from now on the Labo Telecom stores will no longer be able to deal with requests submitted on paper forms. Detailed information on the subject can be found here and the Labo Telecom stores will continue to open every day between 11.00 a.m. and 12.00 midday. IT-CS-TEL, Labo Telecom

Labo Telecom

2002-01-01

107

Can LTE become an alternative to GSM-R?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

GSM-R is the first widely adopted international mobile communication network for railways. It is a part of the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS), which substitutes legacy national railway signaling technologies. GSM-R is designed to provide two fundamental services: transmission of the European Train Control System (ETCS) messages and voice communication for railways. ETCS system offers safe and reliable in-cab signaling and train supervision, which reduces the risk of train driver error and increases the track occupancy. Thus, GSM-R, as a basis for ETCS, contributes to the safety and the performance of railways [1].

Sniady, Aleksander; Soler, José

108

Design of a GPS/GSM based tracker for the location of stolen items and kidnapped or missing persons in Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The high rate of kidnapping in Nigeria is fueled inability of security agencies to quickly identify the location of the kidnapped persons. This system combines the position location capabilities of the GPS (Global Positioning System to identify the current location of the kidnapped person or stolen items. These coordinates are time stamped, accessed by the microcontroller and sent to predetermine mobile phones via the GSM network. The GPS readings are accessed at short regular intervals but only the latest five readings are stored per time and these five readings are transmitted on demand by the GSM modem under the control of the Microcontroller upon the receipt of a location request SMS. The system monitors the GSM signal strength as the tracked object or person moves and when the GSM received signal strength falls below a predetermined threshold value, an alert together with the last five location data is sent to the monitoring mobile phones and the control center notifying them that the tracked object is approaching an area without GSM coverage. The system is designed to be permanently on and it is run on batteries that can last for very long periods before requiring a recharge. The unit is designed to be attached to the clothing or strapped on the tracked person in such a way that it can not be easily identified or removed. It also has a panic button which can be activated during an emergency to send the location data to the predetermined numbers.

Francis Enejo Idachaba

2011-10-01

109

Multi-Functional Monitoring System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Instead of having the single application in a system it is better to have multiple applications such that the user can run the vehicle safely and can avoid the accident. Here in this paper we are using a combination of different technologies such as GPS, GSM Technology. Now a days drunken drivers are increasing enormously. Due to this drunken driving, accidents are occurring at high rates. The main reason for driving drunk is that the police are not able to check each and every car. So we nee...

V Vamshi Krishna, M. Vedachary

2013-01-01

110

Review on Monitoring Systems of the Road Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The network monitoring is a way to detect quickly and effectively all problems having an impact on the road network and to evaluate them in a structured way. It also helps to allocate resources on the basis of priority in order to address, in timely, the urgent situations and to secure the road to protect other users that could potentially be affected by an incident. Generally, this type of service allowsessentially the location of people in distress and need assistance. This paper presents a review and synthesis of current knowledge on geolocation systems, used in the context of the monitoring of the roadnetwork, such as emergency call network, embedded system in vehicles and video cameras. We also present our new approach for an intelligent system of management of road safety; this system is acombination of GSM, GPS and Web-GIS to provide an ideal environment for the conception and test of an intelligent surveillance system in real time.

Souad El houssaini

2013-04-01

111

A Comparative Study of Three TDMA Digital Cellular Mobile Systems (GSM, IS-136 NA-TDMA and PDC Based On Radio Aspect  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As mobile and personal communication services and networks involve providing seamless global roaming and improve quality of service to its users, the role of such network for numbering and identification and quality of service will become increasingly important, and well defined. All these will enhance performance for the present as well as future mobile and personal communication network, provide national management function in mobile communication network and provide national and international roaming. Moreover, these require standardized subscriber and identities. To meet these demands, mobile computing would use standard networks. Thus, in this study the researcher attempts to highlight a comparative picture of the three standard digital cellular mobile communication systems: (i Global System for Mobile (GSM -- The European Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA Digital Cellular Standard, (ii Interim Standard-136 (IS-136 -- The North American TDMA Digital Cellular Standard (D-AMPS, and (iii Personal Digital Cellular (PDC -- The Japanese TDMA Digital Cellular Standard.

Laishram Prabhakar

2013-07-01

112

GSM based SPY Robot  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Currently, a lot of research is being carried out in the development of USVs (Unmanned surface vehicles, UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Traditional technology we used is wireless using RF circuits which suffer from many drawbacks such as working range & frequency range. Use of a GSM network can overcome these drawbacks. It provides the advantages of robust control, working range as large as the coverage area of the service provider. This paper illustrates on an approach to control a mobile robot using DTMF tone through the GSM network which can be used to remotely send streams of data for control of robot. The robot is controlled by a mobile phone that makes a call to the mobile phone attached to the robot. In the course of a call, if any button is pressed a tone corresponding to the button pressed is heard at the other end called Dual Tone Multiple frequency. The robot receives these tones is processed by the microcontroller with the help of DTMF, these IC sends a signal to the motor driver IC which derives the motor.

Ahmad Majeed Zahoory *1,

2014-06-01

113

GSM Base Interface With Industrial Product Using Android Platform  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents an Android based application for Monitoring and controlling of the activity of industrial products. This application allows users to view & handle different parameter related information of their product like Drives, UPS, AHF etc. in easy-to-access and interactive manner. By synchronising Android Apps with GSM Modem Access of Industrial Product can be done without going at locations where products are established Which become more helpful for the owner for commanding Industrial Product in Critical Stage. Try to minimize the Damage of the product in the case of it reaches in its abnormal state of the system. It will also help the Technical person which is far away from product where it is established. It will also be helpful by monitoring & controlling feature in the primary stage of solution of the problem.

Premal A Mehta#1 , Mr.Vinod patel*2 , Prof. Ankit Sharma

2013-04-01

114

GSM-signaalin tasomittaukset sairaalaympäristössä ja parannusehdotukset  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Työn aiheena oli suorittaa TeliaSoneran GSM-verkon kenttämittauksia sairaa-laympäristössä ja tehdä saatujen tuloksien perusteella parannusehdotuksia. Nykypäivänä operaattorien panostus GSM-verkon toimivuuteen on vähentynyt, vaikkakin GSM toimii lähes koko maa kattava perusverkkona suurelle osalle suomalaisia. Työ edellytti GSM-verkossa tapahtuvien mittausten ja niihin käytettävien mittalaitteiden tuntemusta. Työ toteutettiin Oulussa Pohjois-Pohjanmaan sairaanhoitopiirin OYS...

Torvinen, Jyri-jussi

2013-01-01

115

Analysis On GSM Fault Management Unit  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This report is on analysis on GSM fault management unit in operation and support system (Operation and maintenance centre or OMC of GSM system. To obtain a reliable Telecommunication system which is free of various degree of faults. The integrated faults management unit that was design is a sub-section of the OMC known as operation and maintenance centre, the integrated faults management unit was design with various software such as Netcool Omnibus, AVAPM, Java script for managing of event collection and alarm correlation management. An alarms system was used to notify the operator of various degree of faults with their locations. Form the analysis carried out the unexpected tributary bit rate faults has the highest occurrence, 88.418 in a year. Follow by resource isolation, September and May transition failure 65.354 in a year. The highest number of faults occurrence, base on change of weather condition, from dry season to rain season in Nigeria.

O.A Osahenvemwen

2011-01-01

116

Securing Speech in GSM Networks using DES with Random Permutation and Inversion Algorithm  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) is one of the most commonly used cellular technologies in the world. One of the objectives in mobile communication systems is the security of the exchanged data. GSM employs many cryptographic algorithms for security like A5/1, A5/2 and A5/3. Even so, these algorithms do not provide sufficient level of security for protecting the confidentiality of GSM. Therefore, it is desirable to increase security by additional encryption meth...

Khaled Merit; Abdelazziz Ouamri

2012-01-01

117

SMART ON-BOARD TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM USING GPS/GSM/GPRS TECHNOLOGIES TO REDUCE TRAFFIC VIOLATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nowadays, the evolution in transportation technologies makes the necessity for increasing road safety. In this context, we propose the implementation of a smart onboard GPS/GPRS system to be attached to vehicles for monitoring and controlling their speed. In case of traffic speed violation, a GPRS message containing information about the vehicle such as location and maximum speed is sent to a hosting server located in an authorized office so that the violated vehicle is ticketed. Moreover, th...

Saed Tarapiah; Shadi Atalla; Rajaa AbuHania

2014-01-01

118

Neonatal Monitoring System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Childbirth is generally time of joy for parents and families. As per the medical reports each year 4 million newborns die within 28 days of birth and more suffer from disability, disease, infection and injury. The enabling environment for safe childbirth depends on the care and attention required to newborns by health personnel and the availability of adequate health-care facilities, equipment, and medicines and emergency care when needed. Neonatal monitoring refers to the monitoring of vital physiological parameters of premature infants. Continuous health monitoring of the neonates provides crucial parameters for early detection of adverse events. Health monitoring for the neonates provides crucial parameters for urgent diagnoses and corresponding medical procedures, subsequently increasing the survival rates. In the present paper, we propose a proto type design of a neonatal monitoring system. The system is designed and integrated with different health measurement and display devices. The prototype design is very much useful for monitor the physiological parameters of infants.

L. Suresh

2014-07-01

119

SMART ON-BOARD TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM USING GPS/GSM/GPRS TECHNOLOGIES TO REDUCE TRAFFIC VIOLATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nowadays, the evolution in transportation technologies makes the necessity for increasing road safety. In this context, we propose the implementation of a smart onboard GPS/GPRS system to be attached to vehicles for monitoring and controlling their speed. In case of traffic speed violation, a GPRS message containing information about the vehicle such as location and maximum speed is sent to a hosting server located in an authorized office so that the violated vehicle is ticketed. Moreover, this system can also track the vehicle’s current location on a Google Map, which is mostly beneficial when vehicles should follow a specific road and in case of robbery. Also geo-casting can have a major role in this model. Some sensors, such as shock/vibration sensor usually attached to the air-bags in vehicles, are attached to the system that in case of accident, it will send notifications to the nearest hospital, police station and civil defense. Our proposed model can be utilized for different implementations, both in public and private sectors. While similar existing systems in Palestine have focalized just on the tracking aspect of vehicles’ monitoring, it would be the first system supporting both ticketing and tracking.

Saed Tarapiah

2014-03-01

120

Ambulatory Monitoring System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper discuss the design of Portable wireless Ambulatory monitoring system also called as Ambulatory monitor using MSP430 microcontroller and wireless Zig-Bee transmission protocol. The Ambulatory monitor consist of a Physiological parameter sensors combined with the MCU measuring the ECG, Blood Pressure, Temperature and pulse rate and the same data is continuously wirelessly transmitted to nursing station and is displayed and save on computer, without interference with the spontaneous activities of patient.

Jaydeep M. Makwana

2013-07-01

 
 
 
 
121

Breaking GSM with rainbow Tables  

CERN Document Server

Since 1998 the GSM security has been academically broken but no real attack has ever been done until in 2008 when two engineers of Pico Computing (FPGA manufacture) revealed that they could break the GSM encryption in 30 seconds with 200'000$ hardware and precomputed rainbow tables. Since then the hardware was either available for rich people only or was confiscated by government agencies. So Chris Paget and Karsten Nohl decided to react and do the same thing but in a distributed open source form (on torrent). This way everybody could "enjoy" breaking GSM security and operators will be forced to upgrade the GSM protocol that is being used by more than 4 billion users and that is more than 20 years old.

Meyer, Steven

2011-01-01

122

Breaking GSM with rainbow Tables  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Since 1998 the GSM security has been academically broken but no real attack has ever been done until in 2008 when two engineers of Pico Computing (FPGA manufacture) revealed that they could break the GSM encryption in 30 seconds with 200'000$ hardware and precomputed rainbow tables. Since then the hardware was either available for rich people only or was confiscated by government agencies. So Chris Paget and Karsten Nohl decided to react and do the same thing but in a distri...

Meyer, Steven

2011-01-01

123

Wireless Electronic Display Board Using GSM Technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper deals with an innovative rather an interesting manner of intimating the message to the people using a wireless electronic display board which is synchronized using the GSM technology. This will help us in passing any message almost immediately without any delay just by sending a SMS which is better and more reliable than the old traditional way of pasting the message on notice board. This proposed technology can be used in many public places, malls or big buildings to enhance the security system and also make awareness of the emergency situations and avoid many dangers. Using various AT commands is used to display the message onto the display board. GSM technology is used to control the display board and for conveying the information through a message sent from authenticated user.

N. Jagan Mohan Reddy

2013-12-01

124

Analisis Antrian Untuk Smsc (Short Message Service Centre) Pada GSM Di PT. Telkomsel  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

kita, dalam aktifitas sehari-hari, ditemani sebuah perangkat komunikasi bergerak zaman ini yang disebut telepon seluler. Trend komunikasi bergerak seluler berbasis teknologi digital yang sangat berkembang sekarang ini dikenal dengan nama GSM. GSM pada awalnya adalah singkatan dari Groupe Speciale Mobile. Setelah menjadi standard internasional, akhirnya menjadi sebagai Global System for Mobile Communication. Pengembangan GSM dimulai pada tahun 1982 dengan anggota 26 perusahaan nasional telepon...

Muhammad Feri

2008-01-01

125

Influence of GSM speech coding on the performance of text-independent speaker recognition  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We have investigated the influence of GSM speech coding in the performance of a text-independent speaker recognition system based on Gaussian Mixture Models (GMM). The performance degradation due to the utilization of the three GSM speech coders was assessed, using three transcoded databases, obtained by passing the TIMIT through each GSM coder/decoder. The recognition performance was also assessed using the original TIMIT and its 8 kHz downsampled version. Then, different experiments were ca...

Grassi, Sara; Besacier, Laurent; Dufaux, Alain; Ansorge, Michael; Pellandini, Fausto

2006-01-01

126

A Portable Wireless ECG Monitoring System using GSM Technique with Real Time Detection of Beat Abnormalities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cardiovascular disease is the world's leading killer, accounting for 16.7 million or 29.2 percent of total global deaths.[xi] Heart disease continues to be the leading cause of mortality in day today life in an era of industrialization, changing lifestyles and dietary habits. The mortality rate reported in government hospitals shows an increase in death due to heart diseases and this trend is expected to continue into the next decades. Since cardiac disorders are increasingly affecting human lifestyle and rehabilitation, some practical devices based on modern technological explosions are inevitable and created to reduce the disability from heart diseases.

Dr. (Mrs. R. Sukanesh

2014-03-01

127

Advanced Rescue System for Industrial Monitoring Using ZIGBEE GSM and FPGA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The increase of greed in people has paved way to civil-wars and natural disasters. A swift action has to betaken in the relief work of the aftermath of earthquake affected areas, such that any delay in the rescue could lead the death toll to rise. The same can be applied to war fields too. The project focuses on human beings who are alive and struggling for their lives either in the war field or due to natural disasters like earthquakes, to be recognized and rescued in a much faster pace. The robot senses humans alive and sends a notification to the mobile to capture the images of the same. The captured image is then sent to the server to view and act accordingly.

T. Ariyathangam

2014-04-01

128

Remote Monitor Alarm System  

Science.gov (United States)

A remote monitor alarm system monitors discrete alarm and analog power supply voltage conditions at remotely located communications terminal equipment. A central monitoring unit (CMU) is connected via serial data links to each of a plurality of remote terminal units (RTUS) that monitor the alarm and power supply conditions of the remote terminal equipment. Each RTU can monitor and store condition information of both discrete alarm points and analog power supply voltage points in its associated communications terminal equipment. The stored alarm information is periodically transmitted to the CMU in response to sequential polling of the RTUS. The number of monitored alarm inputs and permissible voltage ranges for the analog inputs can be remotely configured at the CMU and downloaded into programmable memory at each RTU. The CMU includes a video display, a hard disk memory, a line printer and an audio alarm for communicating and storing the alarm information received from each RTU.

Stute, Robert A. (Inventor); Galloway, F. Houston (Inventor); Medelius, Pedro J. (Inventor); Swindle, Robert W. (Inventor); Bierman, Tracy A. (Inventor)

1996-01-01

129

Health Monitoring System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Intelligent health monitoring system of the long-span railway stayed requires the comprehensive knowledge of instrumentation, analytical and information processing technologies with the knowledge and experiences in design, construction, operation and maintenance of railway equipment for long-term monitoring the performance throughout its lifecycle. It is necessary to perform sensor-based structural monitoring for identifying the conditions in order to assure the structural safety and to evaluate the operational performance. The considerations for deploying a proper monitoring system are appropriate sensor instrumentation, robust signal acquisition, reliable signal processing, and intelligent signal and information processing. Sensor and hardware instrumentation, signal transmission, signal acquisition and analysis are schematically described mainly. Fire and gas sensors are used to protect entire train system. And for passenger safety, we are attaching a wireless RF system. With this advanced equipment, the exact dangerous spot is known with in less time.

K.L.NISHITHA, R. RAVI KUMAR

2013-05-01

130

Monitoring Systems and Services  

CERN Document Server

The DESY Computer Center is the home of O(1000) computers supplying a wide range of different services Monitoring such a large installation is a challenge. After a long time running a SNMP based commercial Network Management System, the evaluation of a new System was started. There are a lot of different commercial and freeware products on the market, but none of them fully satisfied all our requirements. After re-valuating our original requirements we selected NAGIOS as our monitoring and alarming tool. After a successful test we are in production since autumn 2002 and are extending the service to fully support a distributed monitoring and alarming.

Brokmann, A

2003-01-01

131

Personal dose monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The integration of an electronic personal dosemeter in a personal monitoring system is expected to enable the real-time evaluation of measured values, achieve higher efficiency and realize other such advantages. Fuji Electric has developed an electronic personal dosemeter capable of measuring gamma rays (X-rays), beta rays and neutrons, and has realized a monitoring system that integrates this electronic personal dosemeter with a doorway-monitoring device. A radiation source calibration device conforming to JIS has also been developed. In the future, Fuji Electric intends to develop low cost, high precision and easy-to-use products for use at a wide range of facilities. (author)

132

Vital signs monitoring system  

Science.gov (United States)

A system is disclosed for monitoring vital physiological signs. Each of the system components utilizes a single hybrid circuit with each component having high accuracy without the necessity of repeated calibration. The system also has low power requirements, provides a digital display, and is of sufficiently small size to be incorporated into a hand-carried case for portable use. Components of the system may also provide independent outputs making the component useful, of itself, for monitoring one or more vital signs. The overall system preferably includes an ECG amplifier and cardiotachometer signal conditioner unit, an impedance pneumograph and respiration rate signal conditioner unit, a heart/breath rate processor unit, a temperature monitoring unit, a selector switch, a clock unit, and an LCD driver unit and associated LCDs, with the system being capable of being expanded as needed or desired, such as, for example, by addition of a systolic/diastolic blood pressure unit.

Steffen, Dale A. (Inventor); Sturm, Ronald E. (Inventor); Rinard, George A. (Inventor)

1981-01-01

133

Copilot: Monitoring Embedded Systems  

Science.gov (United States)

Runtime verification (RV) is a natural fit for ultra-critical systems, where correctness is imperative. In ultra-critical systems, even if the software is fault-free, because of the inherent unreliability of commodity hardware and the adversity of operational environments, processing units (and their hosted software) are replicated, and fault-tolerant algorithms are used to compare the outputs. We investigate both software monitoring in distributed fault-tolerant systems, as well as implementing fault-tolerance mechanisms using RV techniques. We describe the Copilot language and compiler, specifically designed for generating monitors for distributed, hard real-time systems. We also describe two case-studies in which we generated Copilot monitors in avionics systems.

Pike, Lee; Wegmann, Nis; Niller, Sebastian; Goodloe, Alwyn

2012-01-01

134

ONLINE HEALTH MONITORING SYSTEM USING ZIGBEE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An on-line health monitoring of physiological signals of humans such as temperature and pulse using Zigbee is produced in this paper, by which the temperature and pulse of humans can be monitored from a distant location and some abnormalities can be easily indicated via SMS .The physiological measurements obtained from the temperature sensor and heart beat sensor are transmitted to the programmed microcontroller to the PC through Zigbee. The PC collects the physiological measurements and also sends SMS, to the indicated mobile number through a GSM modem.

S.Josephine Selvarani

2011-04-01

135

Comparison of GSM Modulated and CW Radiofrequency Radiation on Cells  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of our study was to evaluate and compare effect of global system of mobile (GSM) modulation and continuous wave (CW) radiofrequency radiation (RF) on proliferation ability and viability of V79 Chinese hamster lung cells. Previously prepared samples of cells in culture were exposed for 1, 2 and 3 hours both to 915 MHz GSM modulated and to 935 MHz CW RF field in gigahertz transversal electromagnetic mode cell (GTEM-cell). Electric field strength for cells exposed to GSM modulation was set at 10 V/m and for CW exposed cells was 8.2 V/m. Average specific absorption rate (SAR) was calculated to be for GSM 0.23 W/kg and for CW 0.12 W/kg. V79 samples were plated in concentration of 1x104cells/mL. Cell proliferation was determined by cell counts for each hour of exposure during five post-exposure days. Trypan blue exclusion test was used to determine cell viability. In comparison to control cell samples, proliferation of GSM irradiated cells showed significant decrease after 3 hours of exposure on the second and third post-exposure day. CW exposed cell samples showed significant decrease after 3 hours of exposure on the third post-exposure day. Viability of GSM and CW exposed cells did not significantly differ from matched control cell samples. Both applied RF fields have shown similar effect on cell culture growth, and cell viability of V79 cell line. In addition, applied GSM modulated RF radiation demonstrate bigger influence on proliferation of cells. (author)

136

A Triple-band Bandpass Filter using Tri-section Step-impedance and Capacitively Loaded Step-impedance Resonators for GSM, WiMAX, and WLAN systems  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a triple-band bandpass filter for applications of GSM, WiMAX, and WLAN systems. The proposed filter comprises of the tri-section step-impedance and capacitively loaded step-impedance resonators, which are combined using the cross coupling technique. Additionally, tapered lines are used to connect at both ports of the filter in order to enhance matching for the tri-band resonant frequencies. The filter can operate at the resonant frequencies of 1.8 GHz, 3.7 GHz, and 5.5 GHz. At resonant frequencies, the measured values of S11 are -17.2 dB, -33.6 dB, and -17.9 dB, while the measured values of S21 are -2.23 dB, -2.98 dB, and -3.31 dB, respectively. Moreover, the presented filter has compact size compared with the conventional open-loop cross coupling triple band bandpass filters

Chomtong, P.; Akkaraekthalin, P.

2014-05-01

137

A Wireless Greenhouse Monitoring System Based on Solar Energy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To resolve the problems of complicated cabling and costly wired network in the current system, we designed a wireless greenhouse monitoring system based on ZigBee and GSM technology.  The system consists of two parts: a wireless sensor network and remote control terminal. According to parameters distribution in the monitoring regional, a wireless transmission network was formed, all of the node in the network using solar power. In the remote control terminal, the study developed a simplified expert decision system, in which the part of greenhouse control decision adopts the fuzzy decoupling control algorithm to realize the temperature and humidity decoupling control and increase the accuracy of decision-making.According to the experimental test, the monitoring system can run well under the conditions in northern China greenhouses. It can realize real-time, accurate monitoring and collecting of parameters data in the greenhouse environment; the remote control terminal can give effective decision management solutions. Our future work will mainly be solar photovoltaic panel servo system and image transmission.      

Liai Gao

2013-09-01

138

Securing Speech in GSM Networks using DES with Random Permutation and Inversion Algorithm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM is one of the most commonly used cellular technologies in the world. One of the objectives in mobile communication systems is the security of the exchanged data. GSM employs many cryptographic algorithms for security like A5/1, A5/2 and A5/3. Even so, these algorithms do not provide sufficient level of security for protecting the confidentiality of GSM. Therefore, it is desirable to increase security by additional encryption methods. This paper presents a voice encryption method called: “DES with Random permutation and Inversion”, based on current voice channel, which overcomes data channel's insufficiencies and solves the problem of penetrating the RPE-LTP vocoder by the encrypted voice. The proposed method fulfils an end-to-end secured communication in the GSM; insure a good compatibility to all GSM networks, and easy implementation without any modification in these systems.

Khaled Merit

2012-08-01

139

Application of GSM Communication Module in Nuclear Signal Telemetering  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The thesis provide a new kind of nuclear signal telemetering system based on GSM communication module. The integration of non-contact and distributed meterage and unit data process function is achieved. The released detector send information to the control center via GSM Module of both sides, and the information is transported and processed in PC finally. The communication between them has been achieved in lab. After its well development, the system will not only be widely used in the nuclear telemetering field, but also in the accident locate which is toxic, highly radioactive or filled with thick smoke. (authors)

140

An overview of GSM-R technology and its shortcomings  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Railway communication technologies undergo a revolutionary change bringing them from the analog to the digital era. The European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) replaces numerous incompatible analog radio systems, classical side-track signs and legacy in-cab signaling with an integrated comprehensive solution. This paper presents an overview of GSM-Railways (GSM-R), which is the unified communication technology supporting ERTMS. Its shortcoming in terms of capacity and capability are discussed as a foundation for the need for further developments.

Sniady, Aleksander; Soler, José

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Hallavaroitinjärjestelmän liittäminen GSM-verkkoon  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Tässä työssä tavoitteena oli toteuttaa IEEE 802.15.4-standardiin pohjautuvan ZigBee-tiedonkeruuverkon yhdistäminen GSM-tekniikan avulla suurempiin tiedonsiirtoverkkoihin. Tämän toteuttaminen mahdollistaa esimerkiksi langattoman sensoriverkon mittaustietojen siirron pitkien välimatkojen päähän tai langattomien etähallintasovellusten rakentamisen akkukäyttöisillä laitteilla. Työ toteutettiin käyttämällä Matrix Multimedian sovelluskehityslaitteistoa ja -ohjelmistoa, A...

Ahopelto, Harri

2010-01-01

142

Corrosion Monitoring System  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Corrosion Monitoring System (CMS) program developed and demonstrated a continuously on-line system that provides real-time corrosion information. The program focused on detecting pitting corrosion in its early stages. A new invention called the Intelligent Ultrasonic Probe (IUP) was patented on the program. The IUP uses ultrasonic guided waves to detect small defects and a Synthetic Aperture Focusing Technique (SAFT) algorithm to provide an image of the pits. Testing of the CMS demonstrated the capability to detect pits with dimensionality in the sub-millimeter range. The CMS was tested in both the laboratory and in a pulp and paper industrial plant. The system is capable of monitoring the plant from a remote location using the internet.

Dr. Russ Braunling

2004-10-31

143

Transferring Voice using SMS over GSM Network  

CERN Document Server

The paper presents a methodology of transmitting voice in SMS (Short Message Service) over GSM network. Usually SMS contents are text based and limited to 140 bytes. It supports national and international roaming, but also supported by other telecommunication such as TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access), CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) as well. It can sent/ receive simultaneously with other services. Such features make it favorable for this methodology. For this an application is developed using J2ME platform which is supported by all mobile phones in the world. This algorithm's test is conducted on N95 having Symbian Operating System (OS).

Khan, Muhammad Fahad

2011-01-01

144

Hydrogen monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The system for measuring the hydrogen concentration within the containment of nuclear power plants is equipped with H2 sensors. By this way it is possible to monitor the area and time distribution of hydrogen concentration after a Loss of Coolant Accident continuously, simultaneously and without a sampling system, e.g. without radiation exposure of the operating personal. The locations inside containment to be supervised abd the positioning of the sensors are tailored to suit the individual plant conditions. The measuring values are indicated in the main control room. The system is designed to be back fitted in existing NPPs. (Authors)

145

Continuous emission monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Details of the implementation of a continuous emission monitoring (CEM) systems in British Columbia, Canada were presented. Main components of a typical CEM system were described, including various analyzers, data acquisition systems (DASs), and reporting and control systems. Guidelines for CEM system performance testing stipulated by Environment Canada were discussed. Operations and maintenance requirements for producing high quality and legally defensible data were described. The requirements for a quality assurance and quality control manual were stipulated. Standard operating procedures needed to ensure that emission data is valid and defensible, were described. Strong management commitment was considered to be absolutely necessary to maintain compliance with complex regulations. In the longer term such commitment will reduce costs operational costs associated with CEMs. 4 refs

146

Specifications Physiological Monitoring System  

Science.gov (United States)

The operation of a physiological monitoring system (PMS) is described. Specifications were established for performance, design, interface, and test requirements. The PMS is a compact, microprocessor-based system, which can be worn in a pack on the body or may be mounted on a Spacelab rack or other appropriate structure. It consists of two modules, the Data Control Unit (DCU) and the Remote Control/Display Unit (RCDU). Its purpose is to collect and distribute data from physiological experiments in the Spacelab and in the Orbiter.

1985-01-01

147

Earth System Monitoring, Introduction  

Science.gov (United States)

This section provides sensing and data collection methodologies, as well as an understanding of Earth's climate parameters and natural and man-made phenomena, to support a scientific assessment of the Earth system as a whole, and its response to natural and human-induced changes. The coverage ranges from climate change factors and extreme weather and fires to oil spill tracking and volcanic eruptions. This serves as a basis to enable improved prediction and response to climate change, weather, and natural hazards as well as dissemination of the data and conclusions. The data collection systems include satellite remote sensing, aerial surveys, and land- and ocean-based monitoring stations. Our objective in this treatise is to provide a significant portion of the scientific and engineering basis of Earth system monitoring and to provide this in 17 detailed articles or chapters written at a level for use by university students through practicing professionals. The reader is also directed to the closely related sections on Ecological Systems, Introduction and also Climate Change Modeling Methodology, Introduction as well as Climate Change Remediation, Introduction to. For ease of use by students, each article begins with a glossary of terms, while at an average length of 25 print pages each, sufficient detail is presented for use by professionals in government, universities, and industries. The chapters are individually summarized below.

Orcutt, John

148

Surge currents and voltages at the low voltage power mains during lightning strike to a GSM tower  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The paper presents the results of numerical calculations of lightning surge currents and voltages in the low voltage power mains system connected to a free standing GSM base station. Direct lightning strike to GSM tower was studied. The analysis concerned the current that flows to the transformer station through AC power mains, the potential difference between the grounding systems of the GSM and the transformer stations and the voltage differences between phase and PE conductors of the power mains underground cable at both the GSM and the transformer sides. The calculations were performed using a numerical program based on the electromagnetic field theory and the method of moments. (author)

Markowska, Renata [Bialystok Technical University (Poland)], E-mail: remark@pb.edu.pl

2007-07-01

149

Uninterruptible power supply for GSM/UMTS base stations using fuel cells. PEM-FC back-up system - Final report; Unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung (USV) fuer GSM/UMTS-Basisstationen mit Brennstoffzellen. PEM-FC Back-Up System - Schlussbericht  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts - Lucerne School of Engineering and Architecture conducted field tests with an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) with fuel cell technology since January 2006. The project took place in collaboration with the industrial partners Swisscom (Schweiz) AG, as a user of UPS-systems in telecommunications and the American Power Conversion Corporation as a producer and market leader of UPS-Systems. In this project, the lead-acid batteries were replaced by a PEM fuel cell system. The delayed start-up behaviour of the fuel cell was bridged with supercapacitor technology. The system was connected to an existing working base station of a telecommunication installation, which was installed on the roof of the Lucerne School of Engineering and Architecture in Horw. Hydrogen was provided by two pressurized tanks. The full quantity of hydrogen assured a stand-alone operation for about 6 hours under the load of the telecommunication base station. The field test included monthly grid failure simulations of 5x5 minutes and 2x20 minutes power failures. Also during grid failure simulations for more than 4 hours and during two real outages up to one and a half hour the system provided the demanded power. The field test was performed for a period of three and a half years. Excellent results of the approximately 350 start-up's confirm the functionality, reliability and performance of the system. Under the load of the base station the fuel cell system started with a reliability of 100%. At the end of the tests a decrease of the fuel cell voltage of about 3.3% was measured. The fuel cell system was still fully operational at this time. An amount of energy of about 470 kWh was provided. In addition to the field test, the environmental impact of the lead-acid batteries, which are normally used, and of the fuel cell system was investigated. The comparison between the fuel cell system and lead-acid batteries without recycling showed a reduction of CO{sub 2}-equivalents of nearly 90% within a life cycle of 10 years. In comparison with lead-acid batteries with recycling there is a reduction of more than 80%. During the project period the market changed. An increasing number of fuel cell producers and UPS suppliers became aware that the application of fuel cell's as a back-up system respond to critical market demands. They developed ready-to-market products which are suited to achieve early commercialisation success. Hence for the fuel cell UPS application it is no longer the question of functionality but of a successful market entry. (authors)

Trachte, U.; Wellig, B.; Luethi, E.; Gander, T.; Haerri, V.

2010-06-15

150

LAST REMINDER: GSM Operator change  

CERN Multimedia

CERN changes its mobile phone operator on 5th January 2004. Your old SIM card and number +41 79 201 XXXX will no longer be valid. Your new number will be +41 76 487 XXXX, but still 16 XXXX inside the CERN area. Your last four digits do not change. To obtain your new SIM card, please fill in the web form at http://it-service-gsm.web.cern.ch/it-service-gsm/ or call tel. 76111 if you do not have access to the web. Dates and places for the distribution of the new SIM cards are: - Meyrin site: Building 504, Restaurant 2, from 26/11 to 5/12; - Prevessin site: Building 866, Restaurant 3, room R-11, from 8/12 to 12/12.

2003-01-01

151

Zig-Bee Based Waste Bin Monitoring System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There are many technologies which are used for waste collection as well as for well managed recycling. In this project, we have introduced an integrated system combined with an integrated system of Zigbee and Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM.The sensors would be placed in the common garbage bins placed on the public places. When the garbage reaches the level of the sensor, then that indication will be given to ARM 7 Controller. The controller will give indication to the driver of garbage collection truck as to which garbage bin is completely filled and needs urgent attention. ARM 7 will give indication by sending SMS using GSM technology

Mrs. Kanchan Mahajan

2014-02-01

152

Design and testing of a GPS/GSM collar prototype to combat cattle rustling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Rustling is an age-old practice that was widespread in Italy until the first half of the 20th century. Today, incidents of cattle rustling are again being reported. However, the problem is not only found in Italy. It is also becoming a plague for ranchers in the US and is still rampant in East Africa. In Italy, the cattle rustling phenomena have usually been limited through the direct control of the herdsmen. Global positioning system (GPS and geographic information system (GIS combined technologies are increasingly applied for tracking and monitoring livestock with greater spatial and temporal resolution. However, so far, no case studies of the use of GPS technology to combat cattle rustling have been reported in the literature. The aim of this research was to develop a GPS/GSM (global system for mobile communication collar, using commercial hardware and implementing a specific software [ARVAshepherd 1.0; ARVAtec Srl, Rescaldina (MI, Italy] to track animals’ movements outside their grazing area and to signal when animals are straying outside virtual perimeters. A phase I study was conducted from January to June 2011 to build the GPS/GSM collar and to assess its performances in terms of GPS accuracy and precision, while a phase II study was conducted in July 2011 to test the GPS collar under real-life operating conditions. The static GPS positioning error achieved a circular error probable (50% and horizontal 95% accuracy of 1.462 m and 4.501 m, respectively. This is comparable with values obtained by other authors in static tests of a commercial GPS collar for grazing studies. In field tests, the system was able to identify the incorrect position of the cattle and the warning messages were sent promptly to the farmer, continuing until the animals had been repositioned inside the fence, thus highlighting the potential of the GPS/GSM collar as an anti-theft system.

Francesco M. Tangorra

2013-10-01

153

Eavesdropping on GSM: state-of-affairs  

CERN Document Server

In the almost 20 years since GSM was deployed several security problems have been found, both in the protocols and in the - originally secret - cryptography. However, practical exploits of these weaknesses are complicated because of all the signal processing involved and have not been seen much outside of their use by law enforcement agencies. This could change due to recently developed open-source equipment and software that can capture and digitize signals from the GSM frequencies. This might make practical attacks against GSM much simpler to perform. Indeed, several claims have recently appeared in the media on successfully eavesdropping on GSM. When looking at these claims in depth the conclusion is often that more is claimed than what they are actually capable of. However, it is undeniable that these claims herald the possibilities to eavesdrop on GSM using publicly available equipment. This paper evaluates the claims and practical possibilities when it comes to eavesdropping on GSM, using relatively che...

Broek, Fabian van den

2011-01-01

154

Milliwave melter monitoring system  

Science.gov (United States)

A milliwave melter monitoring system is presented that has a waveguide with a portion capable of contacting a molten material in a melter for use in measuring one or more properties of the molten material in a furnace under extreme environments. A receiver is configured for use in obtaining signals from the melt/material transmitted to appropriate electronics through the waveguide. The receiver is configured for receiving signals from the waveguide when contacting the molten material for use in determining the viscosity of the molten material. Other embodiments exist in which the temperature, emissivity, viscosity and other properties of the molten material are measured.

Daniel, William E. (North Augusta, SC); Woskov, Paul P. (Bedford, MA); Sundaram, Shanmugavelayutham K. (Richland, WA)

2011-08-16

155

Storage monitoring system - 1997  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Sandia National Laboratories has several ongoing projects in the area of nuclear materials management. These projects establish a core capability in monitoring stored nuclear materials. The overarching goal of these projects is to get the right sensor information to the right user to enhance the safety, security and to verify the legitimacy of use of stored nuclear materials. An effort has been initiated to merge these projects into a common system. This paper provides an overview of several of these projects and the integration activities between them

156

Airborne monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A complete system for tracking, mapping, and performing a composition analysis of a radioactive plume and contaminated area was developed at the NRCN. The system includes two major units : An airborne unit for monitoring and a ground station for analyzing. The airborne unit is mounted on a helicopter and includes file following. Four radiation sensor, two 2'' x 2'' Nal (Tl) sensors horizontally separated by lead shield for mapping and spectroscopy, and two Geiger Mueller (GM) tubes as part of the safety system. A multichannel analyzer card is used for spectroscopy. A navigation system, based on GPS and a barometric altitude meter, is used to locate the plume or ground data. The telemetry system, consisting of a transceiver and a modem, transfers all the data in real time to the ground station. An industrial PC (Field Works) runs a dedicated C++ Windows application to manage the acquired data. An independent microprocessor based backup system includes a recorder, display, and key pad. The ground station is based on an industrial PC, a telemetry system, a color printer and a modem to communicate with automatic meteorology stations in the relevant area. A special software controls the ground station. Measurement results are analyzed in the ground station to estimate plume parameters including motion, location, size, velocity, and perform risk assessment. (authors)

157

Sensor Based Effective Monitoring of Coal Handling System (CHS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Coal level detection is an important aspect to assess the performance of a coal-fired power plant. Coal has to be transported, via a coal handling system. The fuel in a coal-fired power plant is stored in silos, bunkers or stock piles. Coal is stored in silos in a small plant, Bunkers for handling a day’s operation and Stock piling methods for large plants. So, fuel handling had to done efficiently. To accurately sense the coal height, Real-time feedback is deployed within the bunker or stock pile. The real time range information is then fedback to the control system. Of the different types of ranging sensors, radar based system is used. Also a real-time temperature monitoring system is developed to protect the coal. The range and temperature data from sensors are sent to the main system through GSM modem by means of SMS. The range information is used to start the conveyor belt to draw the coal from coal yard. If the temperature exceeds the limit, the SMS will be sent through the software or it will call the respective person to monitor the process. A fire sensor is also used to extinguish the fire by initiating the water spraying system. A PIC Microcontroller is interfaced all the sensors for effective handling of thermal power plant.

Kuttalakkani.M

2013-06-01

158

Nonlinear Filtering for Hybrid GPS/GSM Mobile Terminal Tracking  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Global Positioning System (GPS has become one of the state-of-the-art location systems that offers reliable mobile terminal (MT location estimates. However, there exist situations where GPS is not available, for example, when the MT is used indoors or when the MT is located close to high buildings. In these scenarios, a promising approach is to combine the GPS-measured values with measured values from the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM, which is known as hybrid localization method. In this paper, three nonlinear filters, namely, an extended Kalman filter, a Rao-Blackwellized unscented Kalman filter, and a modified version of the recently proposed cubature Kalman filter, are proposed that combine pseudoranges from GPS with timing advance and received signal strengths from GSM. The three filters are compared with each other in terms of performance and computational complexity. Posterior Cramér-Rao lower bounds are evaluated in order to assess the theoretical performance. Furthermore, it is investigated how additional GPS reference time information available from GSM influences the performance of the hybrid localization method. Simulation and experimental results show that the proposed hybrid method outperforms the GSM method.

Carsten Fritsche

2010-01-01

159

GSM-R International. Europe's railways growing closer together; GSM-R International. Europas Bahnen wachsen zusammen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

GSM-R, the digital radio communication system for railways, offers a uniform standard, which more and more railways throughout Europe are using. GSM-R is thus making a crucial contribution to bringing the railway systems closer together. The network operators are already cooperating with one another internationally at various levels in Europe with this aim in mind. The UIC's working groups have drawn up a standardised contract for setting up international roaming, but there are still numerous hurdles to overcome, despite the very considerable volume of work already done. In this context, it would be helpful if certifications of the individual GSM-R networks and their operating methods could be introduced in a binding fashion in accordance with the example laid down ISO 9002. New interfaces between the radio-equipment systems are coming into being at the border crossings between neighbouring infrastructure managers, where there has to be an adequately dimensioned overlapping zone between the networks, and switching from one network to another must be determined independently of the operational constraints of the particular border sections. Thanks to GSM-R, it is becoming possible in many instances to eliminate the communication gaps that have existed to date in handling train movements across borders and thus to make a contribution to the desired improvement in interoperability and operating control. In doing this, it is important above all else for the railway employees to feel at ease working with such systems too. (orig.)

Pospischil, Reinhard [DB Netz AG, Muenchen (Germany). Internationale Kooperation GSM-R und Tk

2010-07-01

160

Waste monitoring system for effluents  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The waste monitoring system in use at Los Alamos National Laboratory's Plutonium Facility, TA-55, is a computer-based system that proves real-time information on industrial effluents. Remote computers monitor discharge events and data moves from one system to another via a local area network. This report describes the history, system design, summary, instrumentation list, displays, trending screens, and layout of the waste monitoring system

 
 
 
 
161

Plant monitor system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An advanced control room complex for a nuclear power plant, including a discrete indicator and alarm system which is nuclear qualified for rapid response to changes in plant parameters and a component control system which together provide a discrete monitoring and control capability at a panel in the control room. A separate data processing system, which need not be nuclear qualified, provides integrated and overview information to the control room and to each panel, through CRTs and a large, overhead integrated process status overview board. The discrete indicator and alarm system and the data processing system receive inputs from common plant sensors and validate the sensor outputs to arrive at a representative value of the parameter for use by the operator during both normal and accident conditions, thereby avoiding the need for him to assimilate data from each sensor individually. The integrated process status board is at the apex of an information hierarchy that extends through four levels and provides access at each panel to the full display hierarchy. The control room panels are preferably of a modular construction, permitting the definition of inputs and outputs, the main machine interface, and the plant specific algorithms, to proceed in parallel with the fabrication of the panels, the installation of the equipment and the generic testing thereof. (author)

162

Area monitoring intelligent system - SIMA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The area monitoring intelligent system (SIMA) is an equipment to be used in radioprotection. SIMA has the function of monitoring the radiation levels of determined areas of the installations where radioactive materials are handled. (Author)

163

A GPS-based Real-time Road Traffic Monitoring System  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years, monitoring systems are astonishingly inclined towards ever more automatic; reliably interconnected, distributed and autonomous operation. Specifically, the measurement, logging, data processing and interpretation activities may be carried out by separate units at different locations in near real-time. The recent evolution of mobile communication devices and communication technologies has fostered a growing interest in the GIS & GPS-based location-aware systems and services. This paper describes a real-time road traffic monitoring system based on integrated mobile field devices (GPS/GSM/IOs) working in tandem with advanced GIS-based application software providing on-the-fly authentications for real-time monitoring and security enhancement. The described system is developed as a fully automated, continuous, real-time monitoring system that employs GPS sensors and Ethernet and/or serial port communication techniques are used to transfer data between GPS receivers at target points and a central processing computer. The data can be processed locally or remotely based on the requirements of client’s satisfaction. Due to the modular architecture of the system, other sensor types may be supported with minimal effort. Data on the distributed network & measurements are transmitted via cellular SIM cards to a Control Unit, which provides for post-processing and network management. The Control Unit may be remotely accessed via an Internet connection. The new system will not only provide more consistent data about the road traffic conditions but also will provide methods for integrating with other Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). For communication between the mobile device and central monitoring service GSM technology is used. The resulting system is characterized by autonomy, reliability and a high degree of automation.

Tanti, Kamal Kumar

164

GSM-verkon kautta tapahtuvan laiteohjauksen tekniikka  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Opinnäytetyö tehtiin Oulun yliopiston Tulevaisuuden tuotantoteknologiat -tutkimusryhmälle. Työn tavoitteena oli perehtyä GSM-verkon kautta tapahtuvan laiteohjauksen tekniikkaan ja selvittää markkinoilla olevan tekniikan komponentit, niiden hinta ja käyttötavat sekä arvioida tekniikan käyttöönoton haasteellisuutta ja pohtia käyttökohteita. Tutkimus aloitettiin kartoittamalla olemassa olevaa laiteohjaus- ja GSM-tekniikkaa. Tutkimuksessa perehdyttiin yksinkertaiseen laiteohja...

Taivainen, Petri

2013-01-01

165

TO ALL CERN GSM USERS  

CERN Multimedia

Due to modifications introduced by SWISSCOM to their GSM network, the following changes will be made on Monday 5 July 1999:the CERN Closed User Group (CUG) area will extend to the whole of Switzerland for a period of approximately 3 monthsthe prefixes 0 and/or 11, hitherto used by authorised subscribers to make outside calls via the CERN telephone exchange, will be replaced by the prefix 22.Further information can be obtained on the Web at the following URL:http://nicewww.cern.ch/st/el/telecom/GSMopE.htm

1999-01-01

166

Remote Patient Monitoring System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Telemedicine system comprises of both hardware and software components at both the patient and doctor ends. A leading field for application of telemedicine is in the field of cardiology where ECG is the major tool for diagnosis. The proposed project in this paper provides an image based techniques to acquire and analyse a constant streaming of ECG signal through digital camera for image capturing, information extraction and analysis performed using MATLAB tools as well as data sending system based on internet network. The method captures the vital signs and parameters from the ICU monitoring machine using a webcam and transmits the image through the internet. This original image is then availed to the consulting doctor via an ANDROID cell phone. In case of anomaly a notification is send to the doctor’s phone. The paper proposes a method to capture, compare and generate alert regarding the patient’s condition using the heart rate and make the captured image be available to the physician.

Sherin Sebastian

2012-10-01

167

SMS service from your GSM mobile phone  

CERN Document Server

The exchange of SMS (Short Message Service) messages is a very popular application of GSM mobile services. However, the use of the application with a CERN subscription is subject to certain conditions: First of all, only text messages can be sent and received with a CERN GSM subscription. These messages are limited to 160 characters. MMS (Multimedia Message Service) messages, which consist in attaching pictures, videos or sounds to a message, are not supported by the current CERN mobile network configuration. In addition, value-added SMS or SMS premium messages (e.g. messages to short numbers involving extra charges) are not permitted. Before sending a message, you must first record the number of the message centre (+41765980000) in your mobile. In principle, this configuration setting is automatically applied to all standard GSM mobile phones when they are issued. To send a message to another GSM user, you must of course enter his or her GSM number. This number must be e...

IT Department

2009-01-01

168

Route 66: Passively Breaking All GSM Channels  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The A5/2 stream cipher used for encryption in the GSM mobile phone standard has previously been shown to have serious weaknesses. Due to a lack of key separation and flaws in the security protocols, these vulnerabilities can also compromise the stronger GSM ciphers A5/1 and A5/3. Despite GSM's huge impact in the field, only a small selection of its channels have been analyzed. In this paper, we perform a complete practical-complexity, ciphertext-only cryptanalysis of all 66 encoded GSM channels. Moreover, we present a new passive attack which recovers the encryption key by exploiting the location updating procedure of the GSM protocol. This update is performed automatically even when the phone is not actively used. Interestingly, the attack potentially enables eavesdropping of future calls.

Vejre, Philip S.; Bogdanov, Andrey

2014-01-01

169

CERN Safety System Monitoring - SSM  

CERN Document Server

CERN SSM (Safety System Monitoring) [1] is a system for monitoring state-of-health of the various access and safety systems of the CERN site and accelerator infrastructure. The emphasis of SSM is on the needs of maintenance and system operation with the aim of providing an independent and reliable verification path of the basic operational parameters of each system. Included are all network-connected devices, such as PLCs, servers, panel displays, operator posts, etc. The basic monitoring engine of SSM is a freely available system-monitoring framework Zabbix [2], on top of which a simplified traffic-light-type web-interface has been built. The web-interface of SSM is designed to be ultra-light to facilitate access from handheld devices over slow connections. The underlying Zabbix system offers history and notification mechanisms typical of advanced monitoring systems.

Hakulinen, T; Valentini, F; Gonzalez, J; Salatko-Petryszcze, C

2011-01-01

170

CERN safety system monitoring - SSM  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CERN SSM (Safety System Monitoring) is a system for monitoring state-of-health of the various access and safety systems of the CERN site and accelerator infrastructure. The emphasis of SSM is on the needs of maintenance and system operation with the aim of providing an independent and reliable verification path of the basic operational parameters of each system. Included are all network-connected devices, such as PLCs (local purpose control unit), servers, panel displays, operator posts, etc. The basic monitoring engine of SSM is a freely available system-monitoring framework Zabbix, on top of which a simplified traffic-light-type web-interface has been built. The web-interface of SSM is designed to be ultra-light to facilitate access from hand-held devices over slow connections. The underlying Zabbix system offers history and notification mechanisms typical of advanced monitoring systems. (authors)

171

Remote heart sound monitoring system.  

Science.gov (United States)

A kind of remote monitoring system on heart sound is constructed, which can tele-monitor ECG and PCG. The system integrates embedded internet technology and wireless technology. As it can send ECG and PCG by internet, it realizes real-time recording and monitoring of physiology parameter of patients at low cost and both at home and in hospital, and it also can be used for analysis for computer or reference for doctor. This study demonstrated that such kind of tele-monitoring system provides a low-cost, reliable and convenient solution for data acquisition and analysis of the PCG. PMID:17282652

Jin-Gang, Wang; Xiao-Bo, Shi; Ping, Wang; Wei, He; Cui-Lian, Dai

2005-01-01

172

Plant monitor system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A modular control room console for a nuclear power plant comprises a series of panels, each panel including a vertical portion mounting monitoring and display devices, and a lower portion mounting control interfaces. The monitoring and display devices include a large central display for displaying integrated images textual information regarding monitoring and control of the plant, and a plurality of smaller interface devices. A first kind of the smaller interface device generates images of alarm tiles which can be activated in response to alarm conditions. A second kind of the smaller interface device generates images of process indicator instrumentation. (author)

173

Integrated photovoltaic (PV) monitoring system  

Science.gov (United States)

The main aim of this research work is to design an accurate and reliable monitoring system to be integrated with solar electricity generating system. The performance monitoring system is required to ensure that the PVEGS is operating at an optimum level. The PV monitoring system is able to measure all the important parameters that determine an optimum performance. The measured values are recorded continuously, as the data acquisition system is connected to a computer, and data is stored at fixed intervals. The data can be locally used and can also be transmitted via internet. The data that appears directly on the local monitoring system is displayed via graphical user interface that was created by using Visual basic and Apache software was used for data transmission The accuracy and reliability of the developed monitoring system was tested against the data that captured simultaneously by using a standard power quality analyzer device. The high correlation which is 97% values indicates the level of accuracy of the monitoring system. The aim of leveraging on a system for continuous monitoring system is achieved, both locally, and can be viewed simultaneously at a remote system.

Mahinder Singh, Balbir Singh; Husain, NurSyahidah; Mohamed, Norani Muti

2012-09-01

174

Ecological Monitoring Information System (EMIS).  

Science.gov (United States)

A system for evaluating and monitoring child development projects, with possible computerization capabilities, was developed for the State of Pennsylvania in connection with 26 child development projects funded by the Appalachian Regional Commission. The Ecological Monitoring Information System (EMIS), provides a series of ecological measurement…

Fiene, Richard John; And Others

175

Early Notification Monitoring System  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nuclear accidents are unexpected events characterized by losing of control over the sources of radiation. This may, directly or indirectly, create a danger to human life, health or property. In certain nuclear accidents, such dangers may be of a limited scope, which means that they constitute a threat only to those persons who work directly with the sources of radiation, or the equipment that comprises such sources, and their immediate working environment. Under certain conditions, as a consequence of major nuclear accidents, the broader population and considerable property might be endangered as well. The way in which nuclear accidents with the sources of ionizing radiation may occur, the intensity of doses that may exist in the radiation source environment, the nature and quantities of radioactive materials which might spread in the environment, the level of radiation exposure of the staff and the population due to a nuclear accident - all these may be considerably different in case of a nuclear accident with different radiation sources. Depending on the category of nuclear accident, major environmental pollutant releases are possible in such situations. The proposal for the establishment of a network of early notification monitors in the Republic of Croatia leans upon: a description of similar networks in Europe, the experience gathered during previous work with the existing monitors on the territory of the Republic of Slovenia, and direct experience of the three continuous radiological monitors established on the territory of the Republic of Croatia ('Rudjer Boskovic' Institute, Sljeme-Puntijarka and Velebit-Pljesivica). In this moment there are eight monitors MFM-202 installed on the territory of the Republic of Croatia, which are used to measure the dose rate. The position of eight monitors MFM-202 on the territory of the Republic of Croatia is displayed in MAP 1. Respecting the existing network of eight monitors MFM-202 for dose rate measuring (MAP 1), their distribution density - aimed at locating as close to the existing nuclear power plants NPP Krsko and NPP Paks as possible, soon it would be necessary to install additional monitors for the same purpose. Since the acquisition of the monitors - six identical additional monitors for dose rate measuring - by mediation of the Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Croatia is already under way, their installation on the locations is proposed. (author)

176

Reengineering GSM/GPRS Towards a Dedicated Network for Massive Smart Metering  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

GSM is a synonym for a major success in wireless technology, achieving widespread use and high technology maturity. However, its future is questionable, as many stakeholders indicate that the GSM spectrum should be re-farmed for LTE. On the other hand, the advent of smart grid and the ubiquity of smart meters will require reliable, long-lived wide area connections. This motivates to investigate the potential of GSM to be evolved into a dedicated network for smart metering. We introduce simple mechanisms to reengineer the access control in GSM. The result is a system that offers excellent support for smart metering, as well as the other massive machine-to-machine traffic patterns that are envisioned in 3GPP.

Madueño, Germán Corrales; Stefanovic, Cedomir

2014-01-01

177

The Impact of Location Methods on GSM Network Load  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This work investigates the problem of location methods putting load on GSM network. The work carried out covers analysis of various location methods, identification of network nodes and datapaths that are involved in getting location data from GSM network. It is shown that methods can generally be divided into two groups: those that use special devices to locate and then transfer results via GSM network and those that use GSM network for positioning. The impact of first group on GSM network l...

Diglys, Darius

2006-01-01

178

GSM/EDGE evolution and performance  

CERN Document Server

With over four billion subscribers Worldwide, GSM/EDGE is by far the World's most successful communications technology of all time. Ubiquitous, deployed in every country of the World, except in Japan and South Korea, GSM/EDGE is the result of a continued evolution that has spanned over two decades. A leading team of experts from Nokia, Nokia Siemens Networks and Instituto Nokia de Tecnologia, guide you from the history of GSM standardization to the cutting-edge techniques in the latest 3GPP releases. Covering 3GPP Release 7 and Release 8, and addressing their motivation and detailing their c

Saily, Mikko; Riddington, Eddie

2010-01-01

179

The partial monitoring system BIOTA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The partial monitoring system BIOTA included three sub-systems: - plants; - animals; - biotopes. Monitoring aimed on 19 species of plants and 8 species of animals. All monitored species are classified in Red Red Data List of plants of the Slovak Republic and in Decree No. 24/2003 Coll. Laws, by which is realised the law No. 543/2002 Coll. Laws about the nature and landscape protection. This project comes out from implementation of European agreements and directives into national legislative. The subject of monitoring are selected plant and animal species which are significant from European or national aspect. They are mainly endemic, critically endangered, diminishing and rare species. Also species which are bio-indicating responsible were included into monitoring. From 50 monitored plant and animal species, 45 belong among European significant, included in some of supplements of Directive about birds or Directive about biotopes

180

Real Time Tracking &Health Monitoring System of Remote Soldier Using Arm7  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Every year Soldiers become lost or injured. This project gives the ability to track where Soldiers are at any given moment. Search and rescue efforts become minimized in time and resources. Additionally, with alert feature Soldiers will be able to communicate their distress with GPS coordinate information. Location tracking has been of great importance since World War II, when military planners realized its usefulness for targeting, fleet management, positioning, and navigation. This is a system which is reliable, energy efficient remote soldier monitoring system. It is able to send parameters of soldier in real time. It enables the army station to monitor soldier’s parameters (temp, heartbeat, location in real time. Here the parameters of soldiers are measured continuously (temp, heartbeat, location and wirelessly transmitted using GSM.

P. S. Kurhe1 , S. S. Agrawa

2013-03-01

 
 
 
 
181

Unattended Monitoring System Design Methodology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A methodology for designing Unattended Monitoring Systems starting at a systems level has been developed at Sandia National Laboratories. This proven methodology provides a template that describes the process for selecting and applying appropriate technologies to meet unattended system requirements, as well as providing a framework for development of both training courses and workshops associated with unattended monitoring. The design and implementation of unattended monitoring systems is generally intended to respond to some form of policy based requirements resulting from international agreements or domestic regulations. Once the monitoring requirements are established, a review of the associated process and its related facilities enables identification of strategic monitoring locations and development of a conceptual system design. The detailed design effort results in the definition of detection components as well as the supporting communications network and data management scheme. The data analyses then enables a coherent display of the knowledge generated during the monitoring effort. The resultant knowledge is then compared to the original system objectives to ensure that the design adequately addresses the fundamental principles stated in the policy agreements. Implementation of this design methodology will ensure that comprehensive unattended monitoring system designs provide appropriate answers to those critical questions imposed by specific agreements or regulations. This paper describes the main features of the methodology and discusses how it can be applied in real world situations

182

Dual band MSA designs for GPS and GSM applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available New designs of obtaining a dual frequency bands antenna operate on the dual frequency bands of Global Positioning System (GPS and Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM with a single-feed square micro-strip antenna are proposed and experimentally studied. The proposed designs are based on the different patch dimensions loaded with four rectangular slots in the form of cut from the sides of the square patch. The result of this work shows that the slots loaded into the square patch antennas offers further size reduction with multiband properties that can be used in GPS and GSM applications. Details of the design considerations of the proposed antennas are described, and experimental results of the obtained dual-band performances are presented and discussed.

Haider A. Sabti

2010-05-01

183

ERMS - Environmental Radiation Monitoring System  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new Environmental Radiation Monitoring System (ERMS) has been developed in the NRCN as an extensive tool to be applied in case of nuclear malfunction or Nuclear Disposal Device (NDD) incident, as well as for routine radiation monitoring of the reactor's vicinity. The system collects real-time environmental data such as: gamma radiation, wind speed, wind direction, and temperature for monitoring purposes. The ERMS consists of a main Control Center and an array of monitoring stations. Fixed, environmental, gamma radiation monitoring stations are installed at the reactor's surroundings while portable stations can be posted rapidly along the wind direction, enhancing the spatial sampling of the radiation measurements and providing better hazard assessment at an emergency event. The presented ERMS, based on industrial standards for hardware and network protocols, is a reliable standalone system which upgrades the readiness to face a nuclear emergency event by supplying real-time, integrated meteorological and radiation data. (author)

184

Real Time Industrial Monitoring System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Industries are the biggest workplace all over the world, also there are large number of peoples involves as a worker and most of them are work as a machine operator. There are many systems developed for industrial work place, some of them, monitors machine processes and some do monitoring and control of machine parameters. Such as speed, temperature, production batch count etc. However there is no such systemavailable that provides monitoring of operator during their work is in progress at workplace. This paper proposes the monitoring of the operators and the machines, by Real time Operator -Machine Allocation and monitoring system (Omams. Omams allocates a work machine to worker at entry point itself. It uses automation with RFID and one of the standards of wireless communication method. The system can be industry specific. Through this research paper our approach is to make fair allocation of machine to the operator in industry and reduce hassle for efficiency calculations.

Rahul D. Chavhan#1, Sachin U. Chavhan#2 , Ganesh B. Chavan

2013-07-01

185

Q GSM tegi konkurentidele dünamo / Aivar Hundimägi  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Mobiilsideoperaatorile Q GSM (praegune Tele2) edu taganud turundusstrateegiatest. Lisad: Q GSMi Dynamo teenuspaketi eesmärgid; Q GSMist sai Tele2. Diagramm: 2000. aastal turule toodud Dynamo pakett tõi murrangu

Hundimägi, Aivar, 1975-

2004-01-01

186

Internet Access from CERN GSM subscriptions  

CERN Document Server

The data service on GSM subscriptions has been improved, allowing CERN users to access the Internet directly. A CERN GSM subscription with data option now allows you to connect to the Internet from a mobile phone or a PC equipped with a GSM modem. The previous access (CERN intranet) still exists. To get access to the new service, you will find all the information on configurations at: http://cern.ch/gprs The use of this service on the Sunrise network is charged on a flat-rate basis (no extra charge related to the volume of downloaded data). Depending on your CERN subscription type (standard or master), you can also connect to foreign GSM data networks (roaming), but this is strongly discouraged, except where absolutely necessary, due to international roaming charges. Telecom Section, IT/CS

IT Department

2008-01-01

187

Neutron monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The present invention concerns neutron monitoring for monitoring reactor power, and presents a generation state of abnormal signals by monitoring output signals from neutron sensors, judges abnormal signals at an excessively high level outputted from the sensors to a measuring operator or a reactor operator. That is, a threshold value judging means judges whether a sensor signal exceeds a predetermined threshold value or not. When it exceeds the value, recognition signals are outputted to a memory means. The memory means memorizes the times of input of the recognition signals on every period of interval signals outputted from a reference signal generation means. The memory content of the memory means and the previously inputted hysteresis of the sensor are compared and judged, to determine the extent of the degradation of the sensors and output the result of the judgement and hysteresis information to the display means. The input means accesses to the judging means and the memory means to retrieve and correct the content of the memory means and the hysteresis information inputted to the judging means. (I.S.)

188

Solar Power Systems Web Monitoring  

CERN Document Server

All over the world the peak demand load is increasing and the load factor is decreasing year-by-year. The fossil fuel is considered insufficient thus solar energy systems are becoming more and more useful, not only in terms of installation but monitoring of these systems is very crucial. Monitoring becomes very important when there are a large number of solar panels. Monitoring would allow early detection if the output falls below required level or one of the solar panel out of 1000 goes down. In this study the target is to monitor and control a developed solar panel by using available internet foundation. This web-enabled software will provide more flexibility over the system such as transmitting data from panel to the host computer and disseminating information to relevant stake holders barring any geographical barrier. The software would be built around web server with dynamic HTML and JAVA, this paper presents the preliminary design of the proposed system.

Kumar, Bimal Aklesh

2011-01-01

189

Operating Room Status Monitoring System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A system has been devised at The Medical College of Virginia to schedule, monitor, and display the status of twenty-four operating rooms. A switch in each room indicates room status. Room status is matched with scheduling information to provide an airport-like display on 16 video monitors placed about the operating room area. Management and medical information is captured by the system.

Kane, Francis R.

1982-01-01

190

A systolic radiation monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes a data acquisition system for radiation monitoring which significantly improves performance over conventional systems by providing higher throughput, elimination of data skew, easier and inexpensive isolation, improved system accuracy, and compact implementation. The novel systolic data acquisition system, including systolic converter, processor and networking was developed to alleviate drawbacks of various conventional data acquisition systems used in radiation monitoring. The system is based on a systolic conversion, processing and networking method amenable to highly integrated vector architecture. The method employs systolic rules which can be developed for a selected problem. The rules for the radiation monitoring problem have been developed so as to apply not only locally but also globally to the systolic network. A form of the network has been implemented and is operational in a nuclear reactor site. Other forms are being implemented and tested for other data skew sensitive problems

191

The JOYO remote monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The evolution of the personal computer, operating systems and applications software and the Internet has brought drastic change and many benefits worldwide. Remote monitoring systems benefit from computer network and other modern software technologies. The availability of fast, inexpensive and secure communications enables new solutions for monitoring system applications. The JOYO Remote Monitoring System (RMS) utilizes computer network communications and modular software design to provide a distributed integrated solution for monitoring multiple storage locations. This paper describes the remote monitoring system installed at the JOYO Fast Reactor. The system combines sensors, software, and computer network technologies to create a powerful data collection, storage and dissemination capability. The RMS provides a flexible, scalable solution for a variety of applications. The RMS integrates a variety of state of the art technologies from several sources and serves as a test bed for cutting edge technologies that can be shared with outside users. This paper describes the system components and their operation and discusses system benefits. Current activities and future plants for the JOYO RMS will be discussed. (author)

192

A grid job monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents a web-based Job Monitoring framework for individual Grid sites that allows users to follow in detail their jobs in quasi-real time. The framework consists of several independent components: (a) a set of sensors that run on the site CE and worker nodes and update a database, (b) a simple yet extensible web services framework and (c) an Ajax powered web interface having a look-and-feel and control similar to a desktop application. The monitoring framework supports LSF, Condor and PBS-like batch systems. This is one of the first monitoring systems where an X.509 authenticated web interface can be seamlessly accessed by both end-users and site administrators. While a site administrator has access to all the possible information, a user can only view the jobs for the Virtual Organizations (VO) he/she is a part of. The monitoring framework design supports several possible deployment scenarios. For a site running a supported batch system, the system may be deployed as a whole, or existing site sensors can be adapted and reused with the web services components. A site may even prefer to build the web server independently and choose to use only the Ajax powered web interface. Finally, the system is being used to monitor a glideinWMS instance. This broadens the scope significantly, allowing it to monitor jobs over multiple sites.

193

A Grid job monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents a web-based Job Monitoring framework for individual Grid sites that allows users to follow in detail their jobs in quasi-real time. The framework consists of several independent components : (a) a set of sensors that run on the site CE and worker nodes and update a database, (b) a simple yet extensible web services framework and (c) an Ajax powered web interface having a look-and-feel and control similar to a desktop application. The monitoring framework supports LSF, Condor and PBS-like batch systems. This is one of the first monitoring systems where an X.509 authenticated web interface can be seamlessly accessed by both end-users and site administrators. While a site administrator has access to all the possible information, a user can only view the jobs for the Virtual Organizations (VO) he/she is a part of. The monitoring framework design supports several possible deployment scenarios. For a site running a supported batch system, the system may be deployed as a whole, or existing site sensors can be adapted and reused with the web services components. A site may even prefer to build the web server independently and choose to use only the Ajax powered web interface. Finally, the system is being used to monitor a glideinWMS instance. This broadens the scope significantly, allowing it to monitor jobs over multiple sites.

194

A grid job monitoring system  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents a web-based Job Monitoring framework for individual Grid sites that allows users to follow in detail their jobs in quasi-real time. The framework consists of several independent components: (a) a set of sensors that run on the site CE and worker nodes and update a database, (b) a simple yet extensible web services framework and (c) an Ajax powered web interface having a look-and-feel and control similar to a desktop application. The monitoring framework supports LSF, Condor and PBS-like batch systems. This is one of the first monitoring systems where an X.509 authenticated web interface can be seamlessly accessed by both end-users and site administrators. While a site administrator has access to all the possible information, a user can only view the jobs for the Virtual Organizations (VO) he/she is a part of. The monitoring framework design supports several possible deployment scenarios. For a site running a supported batch system, the system may be deployed as a whole, or existing site sensors can be adapted and reused with the web services components. A site may even prefer to build the web server independently and choose to use only the Ajax powered web interface. Finally, the system is being used to monitor a glideinWMS instance. This broadens the scope significantly, allowing it to monitor jobs over multiple sites.

Dumitrescu, Catalin; /Fermilab; Nowack, Andreas; /Aachen, Tech. Hochsch.; Padhi, Sanjay; /UC, San Diego; Sarkar, Subir; /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore

2010-01-01

195

A Grid job monitoring system  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents a web-based Job Monitoring framework for individual Grid sites that allows users to follow in detail their jobs in quasi-real time. The framework consists of several independent components : (a) a set of sensors that run on the site CE and worker nodes and update a database, (b) a simple yet extensible web services framework and (c) an Ajax powered web interface having a look-and-feel and control similar to a desktop application. The monitoring framework supports LSF, Condor and PBS-like batch systems. This is one of the first monitoring systems where an X.509 authenticated web interface can be seamlessly accessed by both end-users and site administrators. While a site administrator has access to all the possible information, a user can only view the jobs for the Virtual Organizations (VO) he/she is a part of. The monitoring framework design supports several possible deployment scenarios. For a site running a supported batch system, the system may be deployed as a whole, or existing site sensors can be adapted and reused with the web services components. A site may even prefer to build the web server independently and choose to use only the Ajax powered web interface. Finally, the system is being used to monitor a glideinWMS instance. This broadens the scope significantly, allowing it to monitor jobs over multiple sites.

Dumitrescu, Catalin [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (United States); Nowack, Andreas [RWTH Aachen (Germany); Padhi, Sanjay [University of California San Diego (United States); Sarkar, Subir, E-mail: subir.sarkar@cern.c [INFN, Sezione di Pisa and Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa (Italy)

2010-04-01

196

Design of Transportation Robot and Ultrasonic Obstacle Detection with Wireless Monitoring  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Robot is an economical pilotless transportation in forest and industries for detecting obstacles and for monitoring to prevent damages of robot. Avoidance of obstacle is based on PIC microcontroller, Sensor and wireless techniques. The whole system can be made functional and deployed. It stops the robot when there is an obstacle and passes the information to the client about the barrier. The system is monitored through Groupe Special Mobile (GSM and Radio frequency identification and detection (RFID. Vehicle navigation is carried out using RFID technology and ultrasonic sensor is used to detect the obstacle. If any obstacle is detected, the information is sent to the user through GSM. Battery power and overload is monitored to indicate the worker as well as to send information to main user through GSM. Embedded system helps to minimize human power, decreases power consumption and provides greater performance.

D. Manivannan

2013-01-01

197

Shutdown systems computer-monitoring  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The backfitting program of existent PHWR nuclear power plants in the Argentina includes the improvement of the monitoring of both shutdown systems. The main function of the two shutdown systems is to maintain the integrity of the heat transport system by promptly reducing the reactor power in accident conditions to prevent failures due to overpressure, excessive fuel temperature or fuel breakup. The design philosophy being applied to the two shutdown systems is to keep them functionally and geometrically independent of each other and functionally independent of the station regulating systems. Thereby, they are not connected to the control plant computer Annunciation System, and therefore, barcharts, dynamic and historical trends, post-mortem trip files, etc, are not available for them. Until the computer-monitoring was implemented, the display of information was performed exclusively by the use of analog meters and electromagnetic indicators. As the amount of information is quite large, the requirement to continuously monitoring was very demanding on the operating staff. Two examples are the repetitive tests and the refuelling operation in a fuel channel located very near to a Reactor Overpower Detector that requires constant attention due to the small operating margin. Also, since the monitoring was performed only by analog meters, there wasn't any possibility to have historical data storage for later analysis. For all these reasons the need for installing digital moreasons the need for installing digital monitoring systems has been recognized. (4 figs.)

198

Personal monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At nuclear power plants, exposure of workers to radiation is controlled for both internal and external exposures. This report describes an external exposure control system which uses a digital dosimeter with an alarm for the measuring device. The digital dosimeter with an alarm, automatic read-out type access controller and computer system are combined to automatically process data for radiation exposure control and entrance/exit control of a controlled area. With this system, data transmission is accomplished with the higher level computers, and control data can be controlled quickly and in a single dimension. For this report, the system delivered to The Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc. is introduced. (author)

199

Structural Health Monitoring: Alarming System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There is a huge investment in our infrastructure that is vital to our social and economic life. However, the aging and deterioration of the structures require implementing a damage detection system to monitor their structural integrity. In this study, a new alarming system was developed as part of a structural health monitoring system and installed in a scaled-down structure models. The designed system incorporated microprocessors, wireless communication, transducer, and cellular transmission that allow remote monitoring. The developed system facilitates continuous monitoring process of any part of structures and controlled remotely from any location. The system was equipped with data processing subsystem that detects structural behavior irregularity, defects, and potential failures. The system was tested using Linear Variable Differential Transformer (LVDT for deflections and using strain gages to measure the developed axial and flexural strains in different structural models. Filtering algorithm was used to filter graphs and the data gathered in each loading stage was averaged and plotted to show the abrupt change in the values. The filtering system helps the alarming system to have a clear prediction of possible irregularities. The developed system provides the desired features of low cost, low power, small size, flexibility and easy implementation, remote accessing, early detection of problems, and simplified representation of the results.

Patrick Kreidl

2013-05-01

200

Wearable monitoring systems  

CERN Document Server

As diverse as tomorrow's society constituent groups may be, they will share the common requirements that their life should become safer and healthier, offering higher levels of effectiveness, communication and personal freedom. The key common part to all potential solutions fulfilling these requirements is wearable embedded systems, with longer periods of autonomy, offering wider functionality, more communication possibilities and increased computational power. As electronic and information systems on the human body, their role is to collect relevant physiological information, and to interface

Bonfiglio, Annalisa

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Monitoring the DIRAC distributed system  

CERN Document Server

DIRAC, the LHCb community Grid solution, is intended to reliably run large data mining activities. The DIRAC system consists of various services (which wait to be contacted to perform actions) and agents (which carry out periodic activities) to direct jobs as required. An important part of ensuring the reliability of the infrastructure is the monitoring and logging of these DIRAC distributed systems. The monitoring is done collecting information from two sources – one is from pinging the services or by keeping track of the regular heartbeats of the agents, and the other from the analysis of the error messages generated both by agents and services and collected by a logging system. This allows us to ensure that the components are running properly and to collect useful information regarding their operations. The process status monitoring is displayed using the SLS sensor mechanism that also automatically allows to plot various quantities and keep a history of the system. A dedicated GridMap interface (Service...

Santinelli, R; Nandakumar, R; 10.1088/1742-6596/219/6/062061

2010-01-01

202

PBFA control and monitor system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Control/Monitor system, built by the Kirtland Operation of EG and G's Energy Measurements Group for Sandia Laboratories' Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator, will use a distributed-microprocessor system interfaced to a minicomputer. The major purpose for the microprocessors and minicomputers is to organize the operation of the accelerator into systematic, preplanned sequences that will maximize the scientific output of the facility

203

A Novel Radiation Monitoring System  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An ultra reliable radiation monitoring system is essential in order to provide safety to the workers in nuclear plants. The system should be able to detect minor fluctuations of the radiation field and activate an alarm when file radiation field exceeds predefined thresholds. The system implementation requires qualification for nuclear applications such as IEEE 323 and IEC 61503. In this paper such system is presented, it is a novel modular system that provides reliable monitoring of y radiation field. Although such systems were developed in the past, the presented system is based on modern electronics and 'went file extra mile' to provide a very high reliability achieved by using sophisticated methods of BIT (Built In Test) and feedback loops

204

Remote Patient Monitoring System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Telemedicine system comprises of both hardware and software components at both the patient and doctor ends. A leading field for application of telemedicine is in the field of cardiology where ECG is the major tool for diagnosis. The proposed project in this paper provides an image based techniques to acquire and analyse a constant streaming of ECG signal through digital camera for image capturing, information extraction and analysis performed using MATLAB tools as well as data sending sys...

Sherin Sebastian; Neethu Rachel Jacob; Yedu Manmadhan; Anand V. R.; Jayashree, M. J.

2012-01-01

205

Evaluation of Radiation Monitoring System  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As a part of the continuous improvement policy of the NRCN, a novel radiation monitoring system is being developed. The challenge in developing such a system is to assure that the system provides safety improvement. In order to achieve this goal, a set of parameters was defined to estimate the safety performance of the current system. The values of these parameters will be used as a reference for a comparison between the current system and the developed one. This paper describes the method for evaluating the defined parameters: stability and accuracy of the ionization current and the response time of the system

206

An Investigational Drug Monitoring System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Because of the high cost of investigational drugs, the strict legal requirements for recordkeeping, and the unavailability of a satisfactory system to meet our requirements, we designed a semi-automated investigational drug monitoring system. This paper describes the hardware and software implementation, summarizes the type of complex protocol the system can manage by a patient “walk-through” and shows sample documents, indicates time and cost savings, and makes conclusions about the util...

Brantley, B. Alton; Lucas, V. Sol

1983-01-01

207

New types of subscriptions for CERN GSM  

CERN Multimedia

A recent renegotiation of our commercial conditions with our mobile telephony operator allows us today to deploy new GSM mobile services, reduce communication costs, as well as put in place a new subscription system. First of all, the "email to SMS" service has already been extended to all Swiss numbers. This service allows you to send SMS messages (Short Message Service) to any Swiss mobile telephone from your CERN e-mail account. For further details, please refer to the web site http://cern.ch/sms. The sending of MMS messages (Multi-media Message Service) will be activated by default on all CERN subscriptions by the end of March 2010. This service allows users to attach to a text message an image, a video or an audio recording. All the necessary details for configuring this new service on CERN mobile phones will be published on the web site http://cern.ch/mms. Concerning mobile service costs, new rates have been put in place since 1st January 2010. All tariffs have dramatically decrea...

IT Department

2010-01-01

208

Analysis of Data Transmission Method based on GSM-R Network and Teaching Platform For Wireless Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Railway digital radio system, GSM-R, is a dedicated system for railway based on GSM system, which shoulders the demand of dedicated dispatching communication for railway. So it is extremely important to research the data transmission of GSM-R. In this paper, a data transmission method has been proposed, based on the actual measurement report of GSM-R and a prediction algorithm, in analyzing the relationship between Measurement Report and Transmission Interference through visualization method by using the data mining instruments. The simulation results prove that the probability of data being interrupted and retransmitted can be decreased by using this method. At the same time, a teaching platform is established for analyzing the actual test data and the simulation in high-speed railway system, which can contribute to the theoretical research and the teaching. And the mass data used in this paper comes from this platform.  

Tao Xie

2013-07-01

209

Drinking-water monitoring systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new measuring system was developed by the Austrian Research Centre Seibersdorf for monitoring the quality of drinking-water. It is based on the experience made with the installation of UWEDAT (registered trademark) environmental monitoring networks in several Austrian provinces and regions. The standard version of the drinking-water monitoring system comprises sensors for measuring chemical parameters in water, radioactivity in water and air, and meteorological values of the environment. Further measuring gauges, e.g. for air pollutants, can be connected at any time, according to customers' requirements. For integration into regional and supraregional networks, station computers take over the following tasks: Collection of data and status signals transmitted by the subsystem, object protection, intermediate storage and communication of data to the host or several subcentres via Datex-P postal service, permanent lines or radiotransmission

210

Statistical characterisation of the EM interferences acting on GSM-R antennas fixed above moving trains  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to harmonise the communication systems between the train and the railway control centres over the European territory, a GSM-R (Global System for Mobile communications - Railways) communication network is progressively deployed along the European railway network. However, the GSM-R communications on board high speed trains can be disturbed by the transient electromagnetic (EM) disturbances induced by the sliding contact between the catenary and the pantograph. In order to study the immunity of the embedded GSM-R communication system against these transient electromagnetic disturbances, the transient interferences induced on the GSM-R antennas on board trains, were characterised in terms of time and amplitude parameters. Measurement campaigns were carried out in France to collect a large number of induced EM interferences on GSM-R antennas fixed on the train roof. With the ultimate goal of generating transient noise scenarios representative of those detected by the antennas, and performing immunity tests in laboratory, statistical distributions of the characteristics (rise time, time duration, repetition rate, amplitude) of the transients are presented. This paper presents the different steps of the analysis of the transient disturbances and the generation of the transient EM scenarios. in here

Ben Slimen, N.; Deniau, V.; Rioult, J.; Dudoyer, S.; Baranowski, S.

2009-11-01

211

Modelo de identificación de locutor en entornos GSM, aplicación en Colombia / Speaker recognition in GSM environments, application in Colombia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Garavito Neira, Elkin Ramón (2010) Modelo de identificación de locutor en entornos GSM, aplicación en Colombia / Speaker recognition in GSM environments, application in Colombia. Maestría thesis, Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

Garavito Neira, Elkin Ramo?n

2010-01-01

212

Thermoluminescence dosimetry environmental monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this report, characteristics and performances of an environmental monitoring system with thermoluminescence dosimetry are presented. Most of the work deals with the main physical parameters necessary for measurements of ambiental dose. At the end of this report some of level doses in the environment around the site of the ENEA Center of Energy Research Salluggia (Italy) are illustrated

213

Blood bag temperature monitoring system.  

Science.gov (United States)

Storage and transportation of red blood cells (RBCs) outside the standard temperature range as defined by guidelines can lead to hemolysis. One of the main factors believed to cause hemolysis is temperature.Infusion of the corrupted RBCs leads to haemolytic reactions which are severe and life-threatening. We developed a temperature monitoring system to monitor temperature changes of each blood bag during storage and transportation. The main objective of the present study was evaluating the accuracy of the temperature monitoring system and studying its feasibility. Validating the system relied on accurate digital thermometers that latch on a blood bag. To evaluate the feasibility, a case study was performed on 20 RBC bags transported from hospital blood bank to the cardiac surgery intensive care unit and the heart operating room. The results indicated that 12% of 25605 recorded temperatures (per minute) were outside the standard range. Minimum and maximum temperatures were 0.5 °C and 16 °C that were below and above the standard, respectively. The system was shown to be easily handled by users. The system is capable to alarm when a blood bag's temperature is outside the standard temperature and prevents blood corruption. This system can be used as a decision support system in blood transfusion services to improve storage and transportation conditions of the blood bags. PMID:25160283

Aalaei, Shokoufeh; Amini, Shahram; Keramati, Mohammad Reza; Shahraki, Hadi; Abu-Hanna, Ameen; Eslami, Saeed

2014-01-01

214

Threats and Countermeasures in GSM Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mobile networks not only provide great benefits to their users but they also introduce inherent security issues. With respect to security, the emerging risks of denial of service (DOS attacks will evolve into a critical danger as the availability of mobile networks becomes more and more important for the modern information society. This paper outlines a critical flaw in GSM networks which opens the avenue for distributed denial of service attacks. We propose a way to mitigate the attacks by adding minimal authentication to the GSM channel assignment protocol.

Valer Bocan

2006-12-01

215

Bragg grating seismic monitoring system  

Science.gov (United States)

A theoretical concept and its experimental realization of a fiber-optic Bragg grating strain sensor system to measure dynamic deformations in rock masses are presented. The system has been designed in order to monitor strain variations in the range of 10-9 within a bandwidth of 0.1 to 2 kHz. First promising results from field experiments are shown where seismic signals have been detected, in comparison with conventional geophone registrations.

Schmidt-Hattenberger, Cornelia; Borm, Gunter; Amberg, F.

1999-12-01

216

Double Chooz Slow Monitoring System  

Science.gov (United States)

The Double Chooz experiment aims to measure neutrino flux from two nearly identical detectors with an uncertainty less than 0.6%. The Double Chooz slow monitoring system records conditions of the experiment's environment which can impact the experiment's goals. The slow monitoring system includes temperatures and voltages in electronics, experimental hall environmental conditions, line voltages, liquid temperatures, PMT's magnetic field, radon concentrations, and photo-tube high voltages. This system scans all channels automatically, stores data in a common database, and warns of changes in the two detectors' physical environments. Most functions in this system can be accomplished by 1-Wire products from Dallas Semiconductor. We can use a single master for several functions' controls and operations and the power is derived from a signal bus. Every device has a unique unalterable ID. The sensors monitoring the liquid system, such as liquid thermal meters, are covered by epoxy in order to isolate in the liquid. Their radioactivity can be ignored and will not affect the uncertainty in the system. )

Chang, Pi-Jung; Horton-Smith, Glenn; McKee, David; Shrestha, Deepak; Winslow, Lindley; Conrad, Janet

2010-02-01

217

Partial monitoring system 'Radioactivity of the environment'  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this presentation author describes the partial monitoring system 'Radioactivity of the environment' which constitutes monitoring network in the Slovak Republic. Some results of radiation monitoring on the territory of the Slovak Republic are presented

218

Precision Environmental Radiation Monitoring System  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new precision low-level environmental radiation monitoring system has been developed and tested at Jefferson Lab. This system provides environmental radiation measurements with accuracy and stability of the order of 1 nGy/h in an hour, roughly corresponding to approximately 1% of the natural cosmic background at the sea level. Advanced electronic front-end has been designed and produced for use with the industry-standard High Pressure Ionization Chamber detector hardware. A new highly sensitive readout electronic circuit was designed to measure charge from the virtually suspended ionization chamber ion collecting electrode. New signal processing technique and dedicated data acquisition were tested together with the new readout. The designed system enabled data collection in a remote Linux-operated computer workstation, which was connected to the detectors using a standard telephone cable line. The data acquisition system algorithm is built around the continuously running 24-bit resolution 192 kHz data sampling analog to digital convertor. The major features of the design include: extremely low leakage current in the input circuit, true charge integrating mode operation, and relatively fast response to the intermediate radiation change. These features allow operating of the device as an environmental radiation monitor, at the perimeters of the radiation-generating installations in densely populated areas, like in other monitoring and security applications requiring hring and security applications requiring high precision and long-term stability. Initial system evaluation results are presented.

219

New GSM, DCS and GSM/DCS Pifa Antennas Designs for Wireless Networks Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The work presented in this paper is focused on the analysis, design and characterization of single and multi band PIFA antennas operating in GSM, DCS and GSM/DCS for wireless networks applications. We propose a new design of PIFA antenna structure for use in mobile phones with small size and capable to support multiple communications standards. Parametric studies have allowed us to establish the influence of the metallic pin on the operation of PIFA antenna which will facilitate the design of this type of antenna. Various encouraging results are obtained in matching and radiation. the synthetized antennas can be employed for GSM, DCS and GSM/DCS for wireless networks applications

Abri Mehadji

2013-08-01

220

Software Oriented Data Monitoring System  

CERN Document Server

This project "Software Oriented Data Monitoring System" deals with real time monitoring of patients' parameters like body temperature, heart rate etc. The parameters are checked at regular intervals and Short Messaging Service (SMS) is sent to concerned doctor regarding the measured values. If the obtained parameters are above or below critical values, an alert SMS is also sent to the concerned doctor. This system is very much useful in hospitals, which saves the valuable time of the doctor who otherwise will have to monitor the patients throughout the day. Here the analog data from the sensors is first converted into digital form and is fed to the parallel port of the computer. This data obtained is converted into useful parameters, which is monitored and checked for safe limits. Appropriate SMS is sent to the doctor depending on whether the request is from an alert or routine signal. This is possible by interfacing a mobile phone (Siemens c35i) to the serial port of the computer. The SMS is sent from the co...

K, Phani Nandan

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Energy Doubler cryoloop temperature monitor system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Cryoloop Temperature Monitor System is a fully electronic system designed to monitor temperature at key points in the Energy Doubler cryoloop system. It is used for cryoloop diagnostics, temperature studies, and cooldown valve control

222

Nuclear sampling and monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Under normal operating conditions, a sampling and monitoring system is designed for chemical and radiochemical analysis of a unit main circuit and in particular the liquid primary coolant circuit, the liquid and gas waste circuits, as well as the sealed containment atmosphere. The system is designed to check that operating conditions for these circuits conform to their technical specifications. Furthermore, the system analyzes these same fluids under accident conditions so that measures needed to maintain the reactor on safe shutdown can be taken. Under these conditions, the system can also be used to check that radioactive release into the environment remains within acceptable limits and to evaluate any damage caused by the accident. Two sampling systems are described, the post-accident liquid sampling system (PALSS) and the post-accident gas sampling system (PAGSS)

223

NEW GSM, DCS and GSM/DCS PIFA ANTENNAS DESIGNS FOR WIRELESS NETWORKS APPLICATIONS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The work presented in this paper is focused on the analysis, design and characterization of single and multi band PIFA antennas operating in GSM, DCS and GSM/DCS for wireless networks applications. We propose a new design of PIFA antenna structure for use in mobile phones with small size and capable to support multiple communications standards. Parametric studies have allowed us to establish the influence of the metallic pin on the operation of PIFA antenna which will facilitate the design...

abri mehadji

2013-01-01

224

Corral Monitoring System assessment results  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report describes the results of a functional and operational assessment of the Corral Monitoring Systems (CMS), which was designed to detect and document accountable items entering or leaving a monitored site. Its development was motivated by the possibility that multiple sites in the nuclear weapons states of the former Soviet Union might be opened to such monitoring under the provisions of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. The assessment was performed at three levels. One level evaluated how well the planned approach addressed the target application, and which involved tracking sensitive items moving into and around a site being monitored as part of an international treaty or other agreement. The second level examined the overall design and development approach, while the third focused on individual subsystems within the total package. Unfortunately, the system was delivered as disassembled parts and pieces, with very poor documentation. Thus, the assessment was based on fragmentary operating data coupled with an analysis of what documents were provided with the system. The system design seemed to be a reasonable match to the requirements of the target application; however, important questions about site manning and top level administrative control were left unanswered. Four weaknesses in the overall design and development approach were detected: (1) poor configuration control and management, (2) inadequate adherence to a well defined architectural standard, (3) no apparent provision for improving top level error tolerance, and (4) weaknesses in the object oriented programming approach. The individual subsystems were found to offer few features or capabilities that were new or unique, even at the conceptual level. The CMS might possibly have offered a unique combination of features, but this level of integration was never realized, and it had no unique capabilities that could be readily extracted for use in another system

225

Monitoring the DIRAC distributed system  

Science.gov (United States)

DIRAC, the LHCb community Grid solution, is intended to reliably run large data mining activities. The DIRAC system consists of various services (which wait to be contacted to perform actions) and agents (which carry out periodic activities) to direct jobs as required. An important part of ensuring the reliability of the infrastructure is the monitoring and logging of these DIRAC distributed systems. The monitoring is done collecting information from two sources - one is from pinging the services or by keeping track of the regular heartbeats of the agents, and the other from the analysis of the error messages generated both by agents and services and collected by a logging system. This allows us to ensure that the components are running properly and to collect useful information regarding their operations. The process status monitoring is displayed using the SLS sensor mechanism that also automatically allows to plot various quantities and keep a history of the system. A dedicated GridMap interface (ServiceMap) allows production shifters and experts to have an immediate, high-impact view of all LHCb critical services status while offering the possibility to refer to details of the SLS and SAM sensors. Error types and statistics provided by the logging service can be accessed via dedicated web interfaces on the DIRAC portal or programmatically via the python based API and CLI.

Santinelli, R.; Seco, M.; Nandakumar, R.; LHCb DIRAC Team

2010-04-01

226

Esimene GSM-võrk Radiolinjal / Tiina Kass  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti : Infotehnologija 21. apr. lk. 1. Mobiilsideoperaatori Radiolinja Eesti AS-i juht Ants Viira ettevõtte asutamisest 1994. aastal, GSM-võrgu avamisest ja konkurentsist EMT AS-iga. Lisa: Radiolinja kõnehind pole 10 aastaga kuigivõrd muutunud. Vt. samas: Suhkru ja metalliärikad olid esimesed mobiiliomanikud

Kass, Tiina

2004-01-01

227

Wireless Power Infrastructure Monitoring System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A WPIMS system based on the embedded Internet technology for embedded devices is designed and implemented.WPIMS system is located centrally at the tower infrastructure service provider premises to monitor the various PMSs. The WPIMS NOC is designed for modularity and scalability and comprises of a Communication Server, a Data Server and various User Terminals. The embedded device communicates through General Packet Radio Service (GPRS, which makes it accessible from anywhere in the world through a web server built into the embedded device. The bandwidth requirements of the leased line would be based on the total number of WPIMS agents being monitored / controlled. Asynchronous events / alarms that occur at the PMS are received and processed by the Communication Server.

B.S.DEORE, N.A.DAWANDE

2013-07-01

228

A monitoring system for vegetable greenhouses based on a wireless sensor network.  

Science.gov (United States)

A wireless sensor network-based automatic monitoring system is designed for monitoring the life conditions of greenhouse vegetables. The complete system architecture includes a group of sensor nodes, a base station, and an internet data center. For the design of wireless sensor node, the JN5139 micro-processor is adopted as the core component and the Zigbee protocol is used for wireless communication between nodes. With an ARM7 microprocessor and embedded ZKOS operating system, a proprietary gateway node is developed to achieve data influx, screen display, system configuration and GPRS based remote data forwarding. Through a Client/Server mode the management software for remote data center achieves real-time data distribution and time-series analysis. Besides, a GSM-short-message-based interface is developed for sending real-time environmental measurements, and for alarming when a measurement is beyond some pre-defined threshold. The whole system has been tested for over one year and satisfactory results have been observed, which indicate that this system is very useful for greenhouse environment monitoring. PMID:22163391

Li, Xiu-hong; Cheng, Xiao; Yan, Ke; Gong, Peng

2010-01-01

229

A Monitoring System for Vegetable Greenhouses based on a Wireless Sensor Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A wireless sensor network-based automatic monitoring system is designed for monitoring the life conditions of greenhouse vegetatables. The complete system architecture includes a group of sensor nodes, a base station, and an internet data center. For the design of wireless sensor node, the JN5139 micro-processor is adopted as the core component and the Zigbee protocol is used for wireless communication between nodes. With an ARM7 microprocessor and embedded ZKOS operating system, a proprietary gateway node is developed to achieve data influx, screen display, system configuration and GPRS based remote data forwarding. Through a Client/Server mode the management software for remote data center achieves real-time data distribution and time-series analysis. Besides, a GSM-short-message-based interface is developed for sending real-time environmental measurements, and for alarming when a measurement is beyond some pre-defined threshold. The whole system has been tested for over one year and satisfactory results have been observed, which indicate that this system is very useful for greenhouse environment monitoring.

Xiu-hong Li

2010-10-01

230

Monitoring of the space system  

Science.gov (United States)

We have performed monitoring of the space system that includes the Earth, the Moon, the Sun, and the GPS satellite group. We have discovered semi-diurnal and diurnal periodicities in the number of satellites detected as well as in the altitude, latitude and longitude by a GPS receiver. We have revealed tidal deformations related to changes in the Earth?s orientation with respect to the Moon and the Sun.

Shakhparonov, V. M.; Grishin, D. V.; Karagioz, O. V.

2014-11-01

231

Coastwide Reference Monitoring System (CRMS)  

Science.gov (United States)

In 1990, the U.S. Congress enacted the Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection and Restoration Act (CWPPRA) in response to growing awareness of a land loss crisis in Louisiana. Projects funded by CWPPRA require monitoring and evaluation of project effectiveness, and there is also a need to assess the cumulative effects of all projects to achieve a sustainable coastal environment. In 2003, the Louisiana Office of Coastal Protection and Restoration (OCPR) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) received approval from the CWPPRA Task Force to implement the Coastwide Reference Monitoring System (CRMS) as a mechanism to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of CWPPRA projects at the project, region, and coastwide levels. The CRMS design implements a multiple reference approach by using aspects of hydrogeomorphic functional assessments and probabilistic sampling. The CRMS program is as dynamic as the coastal habitats it monitors. The program is currently funded through CWPPRA and provides data for a variety of user groups, including resource managers, academics, landowners, and researchers.

2010-01-01

232

The fault zone monitoring system  

Science.gov (United States)

The present investigation is concerned with a satellite system for monitoring geophysical parameters at a very large number of ground sites. The considered system is both a communication link to each ground terminal, and a geodetic measuring system for determining three-dimensioning basline vectors within a dense matrix of Remote Terminal Units (RTUs). The system has one spacecraft in a 900 km circular polar orbit, requires a Master Control Station (MCS) for satellite control, and can accommodate 10,000 active (transmitting) RTUs. The proposed system would provide two essential factors for developing the information needed for research in crustal dynamics, including a means for obtaining dense sets of precise geodetic measurements, and an efficient communications link for recovering data from in situ sensors.

Westerfield, E. E.; Potocki, K. A.

233

Efficient Radio Resource Allocation in a GSM and GPRS Cellular Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper investigates the effect of various radio resource allocation strategies in a GSM/GPRS cellular network. The most efficient resource allocation is analysed as a function of the proportion of circuit switched voice and packet switched data load. The Grade of Service and average packet delay is investigated as a function of the load, packet size and call duration. Additionally, the feasibility of using voice over Internet Protocol as opposed to circuit switched voice is investigated as a means to increase subscriber capacity per base station. The work is motivated firstly by the complexity of having both circuit switched and packet switched connectivity on GSM/GPRS mobile cellular system and secondly that an exclusively packet based access on GSM/GPRS has the potential to increase the efficiency of resource utilisation by suitably varying the channel allocation to exploit the characteristics of voice and data traffic.

David Vannucci

2004-10-01

234

On the mechanisms of interference between mobile phones and pacemakers: parasitic demodulation of GSM signal by the sensing amplifier  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which the radiated radiofrequency (RF) GSM (global system for mobile communication) signal may affect pacemaker (PM) function. We measured the signal at the output of the sensing amplifier of PMs with various configurations of low-pass filters. We used three versions of the same PM model: one with a block capacitor which short circuits high-frequency signals; one with a ceramic feedthrough capacitor, a hermetically sealed mechanism connecting the internal electronics to the external connection block, and one with both. The PMs had been modified to have an electrical shielded connection to the output of the sensing amplifier. For each PM, the output of the sensing amplifier was monitored under exposure to modulated and non-modulated RF signals, and to GSM signals (900 and 1800 MHz). Non-modulated RF signals did not alter the response of the PM sensing amplifier. Modulated RF signals showed that the block capacitor did not succeed in short circuiting the RF signal, which is somehow demodulated by the PM internal non-linear circuit elements. Such a demodulation phenomenon poses a critical problem because digital cellular phones use extremely low-frequency modulation (as low as 2 Hz), which can be mistaken for normal heartbeat

235

On the mechanisms of interference between mobile phones and pacemakers: parasitic demodulation of GSM signal by the sensing amplifier  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which the radiated radiofrequency (RF) GSM (global system for mobile communication) signal may affect pacemaker (PM) function. We measured the signal at the output of the sensing amplifier of PMs with various configurations of low-pass filters. We used three versions of the same PM model: one with a block capacitor which short circuits high-frequency signals; one with a ceramic feedthrough capacitor, a hermetically sealed mechanism connecting the internal electronics to the external connection block, and one with both. The PMs had been modified to have an electrical shielded connection to the output of the sensing amplifier. For each PM, the output of the sensing amplifier was monitored under exposure to modulated and non-modulated RF signals, and to GSM signals (900 and 1800 MHz). Non-modulated RF signals did not alter the response of the PM sensing amplifier. Modulated RF signals showed that the block capacitor did not succeed in short circuiting the RF signal, which is somehow demodulated by the PM internal non-linear circuit elements. Such a demodulation phenomenon poses a critical problem because digital cellular phones use extremely low-frequency modulation (as low as 2 Hz), which can be mistaken for normal heartbeat.

Barbaro, V [Biomedical Engineering Laboratory, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome (Italy); Bartolini, P [Biomedical Engineering Laboratory, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome (Italy); Calcagnini, G [Biomedical Engineering Laboratory, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome (Italy); Censi, F [Biomedical Engineering Laboratory, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome (Italy); Beard, B [Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD (United States); Ruggera, P [Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD (United States); Witters, D [Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD (United States)

2003-06-07

236

An Analytic Approach for Calculating Frame Erasue Rate in Cellular GSM Networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Quality of Service (QoS) of a GSM system is quantified in terms of Bit Error Rate (BER) and Frame Erasure Rate (FER) observed by the user. The problem of obtaining analytical expressions for BER and FER in a fading channel with multiple cochannel interferers (CCI) is an extremely complex mathematical problem. The reason for this complexity is that the involvement of several GSM physical layer modules is required to obtain an expression for the probability of bit error. Besides, one needs...

Alaa, Ahmed M.; Hazem Tawfik

2013-01-01

237

DOWNHOLE VIBRATION MONITORING & CONTROL SYSTEM  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The deep hard rock drilling environment induces severe vibrations into the drillstring, which can cause reduced rates of penetration (ROP) and premature failure of the equipment. The only current means of controlling vibration under varying conditions is to change either the rotary speed or the weight-on-bit (WOB). These changes often reduce drilling efficiency. Conventional shock subs are useful in some situations, but often exacerbate the problems. The objective of this project is development of a unique system to monitor and control drilling vibrations in a ''smart'' drilling system. This system has two primary elements: (1) The first is an active vibration damper (AVD) to minimize harmful axial, lateral and torsional vibrations. The hardness of this damper will be continuously adjusted using a robust, fast-acting and reliable unique technology. (2) The second is a real-time system to monitor drillstring vibration, and related parameters. This monitor adjusts the damper according to local conditions. In some configurations, it may also send diagnostic information to the surface via real-time telemetry. The AVD is implemented in a configuration using magnetorheological (MR) fluid. By applying a current to the magnetic coils in the damper, the viscosity of the fluid can be changed rapidly, thereby altering the damping coefficient in response to the measured motion of the tool. Phase I of this program entailed modeling and design of the necessary subsystems and design, manufacture and test of a full laboratory prototype. Phase I of the project was completed by the revised end date of May 31, 2004. The objectives of this phase were met, and all prerequisites for Phase II have been completed.

Martin E. Cobern

2004-08-31

238

The Design of Granary Environmental Monitoring and Control System Based On ARM9 and ZIGBEE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Grain storage is a vital component in the economy and the society. The quality and safety of grain storage are related to the hundreds of millions of people. In the process of grain storage, temperature and humidity are two major ecological factors that can affect the grain quality. Therefore, the parameters of temperature, humidity must be in accurate and real-time monitoring by supervisory systems in large granaries. The automatic monitoring of the grain storage will help us to improve the operation levels of grain storage, reduce the grain losses during stored procedure and reduce labor intensity. This project designs an environment monitoring system of the granary combining Embedded and ZigBee wireless sensor network technology. Using ZigBee wireless sensor network to complete acquisition and transmission of environment parameters and using ARM9 to achieve precise control of the barn environment as system data controller and using GSM to achieve the system's remote control, it greatly improves the flexibility and scalability of the warehouse management which sends available data to grain depot manager (Database management in time and filters invalid data on the spot. It makes many important aspects not need manager to complete on the scene, which saves a lot of manpower and material resources and improves labor productivity.

Hemanth Kumar G,

2012-08-01

239

Automatic respiration monitoring system; Shushin jotai no jido monitoring system  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This is a system to recognize automatically status of a person in sleep including respiration stop, toss about in bed, and departure from the bed by performing animated image processing on images of the person in sleep as photographed by a camera, and by obtaining respiration waveforms from changes in the images of the breast. The system has been developed jointly by the Medical Department of Ehime University and Toshiba Engineering Company when commissioned from the Silver Service Promotion Association as a two-year project. The system requires no operation by an operator, can monitor the respiration during sleep on a real time basis from a completely non-restraint condition, and can be utilized for early discovery of crib death and/or apneic syndrome of aged persons and infants. Its effectiveness was verified by the field tests at a special facility for physically and mentally handicapped aged persons. The system was awarded with the first grand prize for an image recognition system from the Japan Automatic Recognition System Association. (translated by NEDO)

NONE

2000-03-01

240

Experimental and numerical assessment of low-frequency current distributions from UMTS and GSM mobile phones  

Science.gov (United States)

The evaluation of the exposure from mobile communication devices requires consideration of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) over a broad frequency range from dc to GHz. Mobile phones in operation have prominent spectral components in the low-frequency (LF) and radio-frequency (RF) ranges. While the exposure to RF fields from mobile phones has been comprehensively assessed in the past, the LF fields have received much less attention. In this study, LF fields from mobile phones are assessed experimentally and numerically for the global system for mobile (GSM) and universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS) communication systems and conclusions about the global (LF and RF) EMF exposure from both systems are drawn. From the measurements of the time-domain magnetic fields, it was found that the contribution from the audio signal at a normal speech level, i.e., -16 dBm0, is the same order of magnitude as the fields induced by the current bursts generated from the implementation of the GSM communication system at maximum RF output level. The B-field induced by currents in phones using the UMTS is two orders of magnitude lower than that induced by GSM. Knowing that the RF exposure from the UMTS is also two orders of magnitude lower than from GSM, it is now possible to state that there is an overall reduction of the exposure from this communication system.

Gosselin, Marie-Christine; Kühn, Sven; Kuster, Niels

2013-12-01

 
 
 
 
241

Dynamics of Systems for Monitoring of Environment  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper describes system for monitoring important physical quantities of the environment, including meteorological information as well. Natural environment and technical infrastructure (artificial environment) can be consider like a metastable physical system. Monitoring system for environment consists of: sensors and optical cameras, communication interface and system controller with data acquisition, data processing, storage and presentation. Monitoring systems are always distributed systems. Communication channels (electrical and optical cables and wireless channels) play important role in dynamics and reliability of a monitoring system. For users it is necessary to know the dynamics of the whole monitoring system. Monitoring of infrastructure (road, power and communications networks, sewage systems) is as important as natural environment monitoring for population security.

Nawrocki, Waldemar

242

Surveillance systems (PWR) - loose parts monitoring - vibration monitoring - leakage detection  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The contribution is engaged in the task and the results of the loose parts monitoring and the vibration monitoring following from the practice at the PWR of Biblis. First a description of both systems - location and type of the sensors used, the treatment of the measurements and the indications - is given. The results of the analysis of some events picked up by the surveillance systems are presented showing applicabilty and benefit of such systems. (orig.)

243

Transferring Voice using SMS over GSM Network  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper presents a methodology of transmitting voice in SMS (Short Message Service) over GSM network. Usually SMS contents are text based and limited to 140 bytes. It supports national and international roaming, but also supported by other telecommunication such as TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access), CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) as well. It can sent/ receive simultaneously with other services. Such features make it favorable for this methodology. For this an appl...

Khan, Muhammad Fahad; Beg, Saira

2011-01-01

244

Softbit Detector / Equalizer for GSM release 7  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis deals with the implementation of a power/area optimal equalizer according to the recently updated GSM specification. The equalizer should support GMSK, QPSK, 8PSK, 16QAM and 32QAM modulation types. For the high order modulation types, the traditional Maximum Likehood Sequence Estimation( MLSE) algorithm is not able to process the burst within the required time. Therefore two different algorithms with reduced computation complexity are studied in the thesis: the R...

Wu, Xia; Nannarelli, Alberto

2008-01-01

245

Landslide monitoring using multi-antenna GPS deformation monitoring system  

Science.gov (United States)

GPS has already widely applied in civil engineering, fault detecting and landslide monitoring in the last decade, because of its convenience and high precision. However, GPS receiver is very expensive. If we want to monitor the landslide twenty-four hours a day, we need to buy a lot of GPS receivers. In order to spend less cost, multi- antenna GPS deformation monitoring system was employed to monitor the landslide of the freeway at Guansi section in Taiwan. Moreover, the data from 3D laser scanner, rain gauge, inclinometer and water table meter were utilized to analysis the movement of this landslide to make sure the safety of the drivers.

Yeh, T.; Hu, Y.; Ding, X.; Chen, C.

2007-12-01

246

Effects of GSM microwaves, pulsed magnetic field, and temperature on fractal dimension of brain tumors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fractal dimension of a two-dimensional C-6 rat glioma tumors growing in the microwave field generated by signal simulation of the Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) with frequency 960 MHz was found significantly enhanced as compared with field free tumors growing at different temperatures and on the other hand a strong pulsed magnetic field lowered fractal dimension of tumors

247

Standard hydrogen monitoring system equipment installation instructions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document provides the technical specifications for the equipment fabrication, installation, and sitework construction for the Standard Hydrogen Monitoring System. The Standard Hydrogen Monitoring System is designed to remove gases from waste tank vapor space and exhaust headers for continual monitoring and remote sample analysis.

Schneider, T.C.

1996-09-27

248

Future Developments in Non-Repudiation in GSM WAP Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper presents issues and architectures for mobile applications and GSM infrastructure. The paper shows the redesign of the solution for avoiding denial of service from WAP applications using WIM features. The first section contains the structure of GSM network from voice and data point of view. The security in GSM network is presented in second chapter. The third chapter presents a solution for realizing mobile subscriber non-repudiation. The solution is based on the HTTP protocol over WAP.

Cristian Toma

2009-06-01

249

Future Developments in Non-Repudiation in GSM WAP Applications  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper presents issues and architectures for mobile applications and GSM infrastructure. The paper shows the redesign of the solution for avoiding denial of service from WAP applications using WIM features. The first section contains the structure of GSM network from voice and data point of view. The security in GSM network is presented in second chapter. The third chapter presents a solution for realizing mobile subscriber non-repudiation. The solution is based on the HTTP protocol over WAP.

Cristian Toma

2009-01-01

250

A real time monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A real time monitoring system is described. It was initially developed to be used as a man-machine interface between a basic principles simulator of the Embalse Nuclear Power Plant and the operators. This simulator is under construction at the Bariloche Atomic Center's Process Control Division. Due to great design flexibility, this system can also be used in real plants. The system is designed to be run on a PC XT or AT personal computer with high resolution graphics capabilities. Three interrelated programs compose the system: 1) Graphics Editor, to build static image to be used as a reference frame where to show dynamically updated data. 2) Data acquisition and storage module. It is a memory resident module to acquire and store data in background. Data can be acquired and stored without interference with the operating system, via serial port or through analog-to-digital converter attached to the personal computer. 3) Display module. It shows the acquired data according to commands received from configuration files prepared by the operator. (Author)

251

7 CFR 1493.6 - Additional required determinations for GSM-103.  

Science.gov (United States)

... Additional required determinations for GSM-103. 1493.6 Section 1493.6 ...Additional required determinations for GSM-103. Notwithstanding any other provision...part, CCC shall not guarantee under the GSM-103 program the repayment of...

2010-01-01

252

Socio - Economic Implication of Use of Gsm among Abeokuta Metropolis, Ogun State, Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The euphoria that greeted the use of Global System of Mobile Telecommunication (GSM has reached its peak with grave implication for socio-economic conditions of many Nigerians same of who have been complaining about exploitation and unsatisfactory services provided by Global System of Mobile Telecommunication (GSM operation in the country. However, many Nigerians even with high cost of Global System of Mobile Telecommunication (GSM phone will not stop at anything as holding a Global System of Mobile Telecommunication (GSM phone has become a status symbol. Thus, the paper examines the socio-economic implications of the use of Global System of Mobile Telecommunication (GSM among residents in Abeokuta, Nigeria. The result reveal that despite the problems associated with the use of Global System of Mobile Telecommunication (GSM no one can do without it because it is highly useful for economic motives. Consequently unpas the findings it is recommended that government should checkmate exorbitant changes of Global System of Mobile Telecommunication (GSM operators.
Key words: Telecommunication; Economic; Mobile; Technology

Résumé: L'euphorie qui a salué l'utilisation du Système global de télécommunications mobiles (SGM a atteint son apogée avec les implications en profondeur pour les conditions socio-économiques de nombreux Nigériens, les même que ceux qui se plaignaient de l'exploitation et des services insatisfaisants fournis par le Système global de télécommunications mobiles (SGM dans le pays. Toutefois, beaucoup de Nigérians, même avec un coût élevé de téléphone du Système global de télécommunications mobiles (SGM, n'abandonneront pas les services du Système global des télécommunications mobiles (SGM, car celui-ci est devenu un symbole de statut social. Ainsi, le document examine les implications socio-économiques de l'utilisation du Système global de télécommunications mobiles (SGM chez les résidents d'Abeokuta, au Nigéria. Le résultat révèle que, malgré les problèmes liés à l'utilisation du Système global de télécommunications mobiles (SGM, personne ne peut s'en passer parce qu'il est très utile pour des motifs économiques. Par conséquence, il est recommandé que le gouvernement devrait éviter des changements exorbitants du Système global de télécommunications mobiles (SGM.
Mots-clés: Telecommunications; Économique; Mobile; Technologie

Akinola George Dosunmu

2011-07-01

253

Design and implementation of environmental monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

the RECODAL (remote controlled data logger) is a stand - alone system based on the 80 C 537 micro-controller. one of the main features of the RECODAL system is its flexibility to be interfaced to various types of sensors after suitable signal conditioning and stor ge of data coming from these sensors into its serial EEPROM. in this paper, the design of signal conditioning circuits for interfacing a set of sensors with the RECODAL system to measure a set of environmental parameters such as nuclear radiation, temperature, relative humidity of the air, absolute air pressure, direction of wind and its speed will be introduced with the experimental results. as it is intended to have the RECODAL devices in the surrounded field that may be far from the control room so, we developed accurate, friendly and powerful graphical user interface software (GUI) for remote controlling the RECODAL system . the aim of this GUI not only to visual the data being received by the Pc from the RECODAL and output this data to a format for further analysis, but also to full control the RECODAL system remotely through external modem using normal telephone lines or a dual-band GSM modem depends on the availability of the communication media. this GUI has also the ability to upload the new developed firmware which is required for 80 C 537 micro controller without affecting the data or the communication program . one of the advantages of this GUI is that it can communicate with the RECODAL through the serial port of the Pc too

254

Offsite emergency radiological monitoring system and technology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The study and advance of the offsite radiological monitoring system and technology which is an important branch in the field of nuclear monitoring technology are described. The author suggests that the predicting and measuring system should be involved in the monitoring system. The measuring system can further be divided into four sub-systems, namely plume exposure pathway, emergency worker, ingestion exposure pathway and post accident recovery measuring sub-systems. The main facilities for the monitoring system are concluded as one station, one helicopter, one laboratory and two vehicles. The instrumentation for complement of the facilities and their good performance characteristics, up-to-date technology are also introduced in brief. The offsite emergency radiation monitoring system and technology are compared in detail with those recommended by FEMA U.S.A.. Finally the paper discusses some trends in development of emergency radiation monitoring system and technology in the developed countries

255

Corrosion and corrosivity monitoring system  

Science.gov (United States)

Honeywell International has developed and flight-tested a Corrosion and Corrosivity Monitoring System (C2MS). The C2MS detects galvanic corrosion in the main gearbox feet fasteners of helicopters. In addition, it monitors the environmental conditions inside the main floorboard compartment to determine the need for structural maintenance. The C2MS sensor on a main gearbox feet fastener sends a small electrical signal through the fastener and housing to measure the conductivity of the assembly. The measured conductivity value is used to determine if galvanic corrosion is present in the fastener assembly. The floorboard compartment sensors use a surrogate metal coupon to measure the corrosivity of the environment. The information from this sensor is used to recommend an extension to the calendar-based maintenance schedule. Fleet-wide information can be gathered by the system. The C2MS uses two Data Collection Units (DCUs) to store the corrosion data: one for the main gearbox feet fasteners and one for the main floorboard compartment. The DCU design addresses the issues of long battery life for the C2MS (greater than 2 years) and compactness. The data from the DCUs is collected by a personal digital assistant and downloaded to a personal computer where the corrosion algorithms reside. The personal computer display provides the location(s) of galvanic corrosion in the main gearbox feet fasteners as well as the recommended date for floorboard compartment maintenance. This paper discusses the methodology used to develop the C2MS software and hardware, presents the principles of the galvanic corrosion detection algorithm, and gives the laboratory and flight test results that document system performance in detecting galvanic corrosion (detection and false alarm rate). The paper also discusses the benefits of environmental sensors for providing a maintenance scheduling date.

Braunling, Russ; Dietrich, Paul

2005-05-01

256

An Analytic Approach for Calculating Frame Erasue Rate in Cellular GSM Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Quality of Service (QoS of a GSM system is quantified in terms of Bit Error Rate (BER and Frame Erasure Rate (FER observed by the user. The problem of obtaining analytical expressions for BER and FER in a fading channel with multiple cochannel interferers (CCI is an extremely complex mathematical problem. The reason for this complexity is that the involvement of several GSM physical layer modules is required to obtain an expression for the probability of bit error. Besides, one needs to obtain the statistical properties of faded cochannel interferers in order to obtain the raw BER of GMSK modulation. Thus, error rate metrics are usually obtained by simulating the GSM physical layer rather than treating the problem analytically. A reliable interface between system and link level models can be obtained by evaluating the BER and FER in terms of the Signal-to-Interference Ratio (SIR analytically, instead of the pre-defined statistical mapping data usually used in literature. In this work, bounds on the uplink BER and FER are obtained for the GSM physical layer assuming a CCI limited system where both the desired and interference signals are subjected to Rayleigh fading. The analysis considers GMSK modulation, convolutional coding and Frequency Hopping.

Ahmed M. Alaa

2013-11-01

257

Environmental monitor and reader system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The invention resides in an environmental radioactivity monitoring system arranged to be electrically powered and having at least one sensor. The sensor comprises a continuously operable radioactivity detector for providing an electrical signal output in proportion to radioactive dose received, an electrical signal store for receiving the output from the detector, an intermittently operable electric signal recording device, and a timing circuit which is arranged to initiate the operation of the recording device for a finite period at predetermined time intervals. A circuit discharges the store into the tape input terminal during each period, so that it receives the integrated dose of the previous quarter of an hour. In the preferred form of the invention, the sensor is provided with a source of local electric power which may include solar cells. (UK)

258

Acoustic emission leak monitoring system LMS-96  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

On-line acoustic emission leak monitoring under industrial conditions of nuclear power plants is a problem with specific features setting specific demands on the leak monitoring system. The paper briefly reviews those problems (attenuation pattern of a real structure, acoustic background, alarm system, etc.) and the solution of some of them is discussed. Information is presented on the Acoustic Emission Leak Monitoring System LMS-96 by SKODA NUCLEAR MACHINERY and the system's function is briefly described. (author)

259

Project W-420 stack monitoring system upgrades  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This project will execute the design, procurement, construction, startup, and turnover activities for upgrades to the stack monitoring system on selected Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) ventilation systems. In this plan, the technical, schedule, and cost baselines are identified, and the roles and responsibilities of project participants are defined for managing the Stack Monitoring System Upgrades, Project W-420

260

FPGA Implementation of Solid Waste Bin Monitoring and Collection system  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Solid waste management is anunavoidableissue in city areas for almost all the countries in the world. To maintain a safe and green environment for people, it is necessary to adopt an effective waste management system because disposal of wastes are drastically increasing day by day. Nowadays, many technologies are being proposed for waste collection and recycling. In this paper, we have proposed an integrated system consisting of 4 pair of remote sensor,2 modules of Global System for Mobile communication (GSM and General Packet Radio Service (GPRS The FPGA module would automatically retrieve all levels of Remote sensors information from the bin. with the help of modules, mounted with each bin. GPS/GSM would give the location information of the collection truck.The GPRS communication system will help the center server to update all the information immediately and automatically. The performance of the proposed system has been implemented in such a way that it is much better than the existing system in every aspect such as precision, real time and reliability and high speed data transmission.

Rubiya Yasmin*,

2014-10-01

 
 
 
 
261

Internationally monitored retrievable storage system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The proposed internationally monitored retrievable storage system (IMRSS) is intended to provide an orderly and secure alternative to continuation of the current individualistic spent-fuel management trends in nuclear-power countries. The IMRSS concept, in its broadest terms, proposes that an international entity undertake the management responsibility for spent fuel after its discharge from power plant cooling ponds. The IMRSS envisages international management of a small number of surface (or near-surface) storage facilities distributed globally (in major nuclear countries and elsewhere) and a transportation system between nuclear plants and the storage facilities. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) would maintain responsibility for adherence to safeguards criteria. The IMRSS operation would be similar to that of an international bank, with each nation maintaining title to its spent fuel and able to withdraw it for peaceful purposes. The system would provide transparency, accountability, and security. The IMRSS would be a step to establishing an inter- national regime for the prudent management of spent fuel and excess civilian plutonium. The IMRSS concept has been studied in three international workshops. Among the major issues that have been addressed are the global distribution of spent fuel if current trends continue, the need for international criteria and management to ensure public health and nonproliferation, the value of spent-fuel retrievability, the future role of a plutonium resource in the fuel cycle, the operating format of a practical IMRSS, and the integration of an IMRSS with existing geopolitical agreements and arrangements

262

DOWNHOLE VIBRATION MONITORING & CONTROL SYSTEM  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this program is to develop a system to both monitor the vibration of a bottomhole assembly, and to adjust the properties of an active damper in response to these measured vibrations. Phase I of this program, which entailed modeling and design of the necessary subsystems and design, manufacture and test of a full laboratory prototype, was completed on May 31, 2004. The principal objectives of Phase II are: more extensive laboratory testing, including the evaluation of different feedback algorithms for control of the damper; design and manufacture of a field prototype system; and, testing of the field prototype in drilling laboratories and test wells. The redesign and upgrade of the laboratory prototype was completed on schedule and it was assembled during the last period. Testing was begin during the first week of October. Initial results indicated that the dynamic range of the damping was less than predicted and that the maximum damping was also less than required. A number of possible explanations for these results were posited, and test equipment was acquired to evaluate the various hypotheses. Testing was just underway at the end of this period.

Martin E. Cobern

2005-01-28

263

Gaia basic angle monitoring system  

Science.gov (United States)

The Gaia mission1 will create an extraordinarily precise three-dimensional map of more than one billion stars in our Galaxy. The Gaia spacecraft2, built by EADS Astrium, is part of ESA's Cosmic Vision programme and scheduled for launch in 2013. Gaia measures the position, distance and motion of stars with an accuracy of 24 micro-arcsec using two telescopes at a fixed mutual angle of 106.5°, named the `Basic Angle', at an operational temperature of 100 K. This accuracy requires ultra-high stability at cryogenic conditions, which can only be achieved by using Silicon Carbide for both the optical bench and the telescopes. TNO has developed, built and space qualified the Silicon carbide Basic Angle Monitoring (BAM) on-board metrology system3 for this mission, measuring the relative motion of Gaia's telescopes with accuracies in the range of 0.5 micro-arcsec. This is achieved by a system of two laser interferometers able to detect Optical Path Differences (OPD) as small as 1.5 picometer rms. Following a general introduction on Gaia and the use of Silicon Carbide as base material this paper addresses the specific challenges towards the cryogenic application of the Gaia BAM including design, integration and verification/qualification by testing.

Gielesen, W.; de Bruijn, D.; van den Dool, T.; Kamphues, F.; Mekking, J.; Calvel, B.; Laborie, A.; Coatantiec, C.; Touzeau, S.; Erdmann, M.; Gare, P.; Monteiro, D.

2013-09-01

264

Neutron Monitoring Systems for NSTX  

Science.gov (United States)

The national Spherical Tokamak is entering an operating phase where high power auxiliary heating will be employed. The high harmonic fast wave system will inject up to 6MW of RF power and a deuterium neutral beam will inject up to 5 MW into the deuterium plasma. The neutron emission will be measured by three different systems. To monitor the yield of D-D neutrons for each discharge, a fission chamber operating in the pulse-counting mode was installed at the midplane level of the vessel 50 cm outside the vessel. A preliminary 14-position calibration was made using a Cf-252 source. Three fast plastic hydrocarbon scintillator detectors are also being installed at the midplane with respective angular spacing around the vessel perimeter of 30* and 180*. These detectors will be operated in the current mode and measure neutron fluctuations from MHD. Their spacing was chosen to aid in the identification of toroidal mode numbers. The total neutron fluence will be determined from activation techniques using a selection of foils secured to the outside walls of the vessel. Available data from high power operation will be presented.

Roquemore, A. L.; Darrow, D.; Kugel, H.; Nazikian, R.

2000-10-01

265

Operation and maintenance of the TFTR grounding system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors discuss how the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) grounding system utilizes a single-point ground which is connected to the building perimeter ground. Wired to this single-point ground, via individual 500 MCM insulated cables, are: the vacuum vessel, four toroidal field coil cases/inner support structure quadrants, umbrella structure halves, substructure ring girder sections, radial beams and columns and diagnostic systems. A special Ground System Monitor (GSM) system was designed and installed which actively monitors each of the individual machine grounds. The GSM insures that grounds remain intact thus avoiding secondary grounds on any components which would form a ground loop. Upon an accidental connection of a secondary ground to any one component of TFTR, the GSM sounds a horn within the TFTR test cell, the test cell basement, and the data acquisition rooms which notifies personnel that a ground loop is present

266

The Data Management System of Tunnel Monitoring  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this study, the author has developed a data management system of tunnel monitoring by using ACCESS database and made a new exploration in the field of tunnel monitoring data management. This study introduces the principles, the methods and the functions of this system. The system sets data input, data management, data applications and other functions all in one. It has made a good connection between the visual interface of front desk and the ACCESS database for monitoring information stora...

Hongliang Deng; Kaijiang Chen; Qihua Deng; Tingting Ni; Mingyan Zhu

2013-01-01

267

Active system monitoring applied on wind turbines  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A concept for active system monitoring (ASM) applied on wind turbines is presented in this paper. The concept is based on an injection of a small periodic auxiliary signal in the system. An investigation of the signature from the auxiliary input in residual (error) signals can then be applied for an online monitoring of central parameters/elements of the system. Statistical tests are applied on the residual signals for obtaining a correct monitoring.

Niemann, Hans Henrik; Poulsen, Niels KjØlstad

2009-01-01

268

Exposure to GSM 900 MHz electromagnetic fields affects cerebral cytochrome c oxidase activity  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The world-wide and rapidly growing use of mobile phones has raised serious concerns about the biological and health-related effects of radio frequency (RF) radiation, particularly concerns about the effects of RFs upon the nervous system. The goal of this study was conducted to measure cytochrome oxidase (CO) levels using histochemical methods in order to evaluate regional brain metabolic activity in rat brain after exposure to a GSM 900 MHz signal for 45 min/day at a brain-averaged specific absorption rate (SAR) of 1.5 W/Kg or for 15 min/day at a SAR of 6 W/Kg over seven days. Compared to the sham and control cage groups, rats exposed to a GSM signal at 6 W/Kg showed decreased CO activity in some areas of the prefrontal and frontal cortex (infralimbic cortex, prelimbic cortex, primary motor cortex, secondary motor cortex, anterior cingulate cortex areas 1 and 2 (Cg1 and Cg2)), the septum (dorsal and ventral parts of the lateral septal nucleus), the hippocampus (dorsal field CA1, CA2 and CA3 of the hippocampus and dental gyrus) and the posterior cortex (retrosplenial agranular cortex, primary and secondary visual cortex, perirhinal cortex and lateral entorhinal cortex). However, the exposure to GSM at 1.5 W/Kg did not affect brain activity. Our results indicate that 6 W/Kg GSM 900 MHz microwaves may affect brain metabolism and neuronal activity in rats

269

How Many Smart Meters can be Deployed in a GSM cell?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The need to deploy large number of wireless devices, such as electricity or water meters, is becoming a key challenge for any utility. Furthermore, such a deployment should be functional for more than a decade. Many cellular operators consider LTE to be the single long term solution for wide area connectivity serving all types of wireless traffic. On the other hand, GSM is a well-adopted technology and represents a valuable asset to build M2M infrastructure due to the good coverage, device maturity, and low cost. In this paper we assess the potential of GSM/GPRS/EDGE to operate as a dedicated network for M2M communications. In order to enable M2M-dedicated operation in the near future, we reengineer the GSM/GPRS/EDGE protocol in a way that requires only minor software updates of the protocol stack. We propose different schemes to boost the number of M2M devices in the system without affecting the network stability. We show that a single GSM cell can support simultaneous low-data rate connections (e. g. to smart meters) in the order of 104 devices.

Madueño, Germán Corrales; Stefanovic, Cedomir

2013-01-01

270

Effect of a chronic GSM 900 MHz exposure on glia in the rat brain.  

Science.gov (United States)

Extension of the mobile phone technology raises concern about the health effects of 900 MHz microwaves on the central nervous system (CNS). In this study we measured GFAP expression using immunocytochemistry method, to evaluate glial evolution 10 days after a chronic exposure (5 days a week for 24 weeks) to GSM signal for 45 min/day at a brain-averaged specific absorption rate (SAR)=1.5 W/kg and for 15 min/day at a SAR=6 W/kg in the following rat brain areas: prefrontal cortex (PfCx), caudate putamen (Cpu), lateral globus pallidus of striatum (LGP), dentate gyrus of hippocampus (DG) and cerebellum cortex (CCx). In comparison to sham or cage control animals, rats exposed to chronic GSM signal at 6 W/kg have increased GFAP stained surface areas in the brain (p<0.05). But the chronic exposure to GSM at 1.5 W/kg did not increase GFAP expression. Our results indicated that chronic exposure to GSM 900 MHz microwaves (SAR=6 W/kg) may induce persistent astroglia activation in the rat brain (sign of a potential gliosis). PMID:18424058

Ammari, Mohamed; Brillaud, Elsa; Gamez, Christelle; Lecomte, Anthony; Sakly, Mohsen; Abdelmelek, Hafedh; de Seze, René

2008-01-01

271

Configuration of Risk Monitor System by PLant Defense-In.Depth Monitor and Relability Monitor  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A new method of risk monitor system of a nuclear power plant has been proposed from the aspect by what degree of safety functions incorporated in the plant system is maintained by multiple barriers of defense-in-depth (DiD). Wherein, the central idea is plant DiD risk monitor and reliability monitor derived from the four aspects of (i) design principle of nuclear safety to realize DiD concept, (ii) definition of risk and risk to be monitored, (iii) severe accident phenomena as major risk, (iv) scheme of risk ranking, and (v) dynamic risk display. In this paper, the overall frame of the proposed frame on risk monitor system is summarized and the detailed discussion is made on the definitions of major terminologies of risk, risk ranking, anatomy of fault occurrence, two-layer configuration of risk monitor, how to configure individual elements of plant DiD risk monitor and its example application for PWR safety system.

Lind, Morten

2012-01-01

272

Environmental continuous ?-dose rate monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The paper presents the environmental continuous ?-dose rate monitoring system around nuclear power plant (NPP), which includes detection system, date collector, central computer system and meteorological observing system. It also introduces some measures, such as thermostat, moisture-proof, lightning conductor and so on. After more than 3 years of operation, its performance proved to be stable and reliable. It will be the latest system for environmental continuous ?-dose rate monitoring system around the NPP in China

273

Eesti allilm suudab tõkestada GSM-levi / Rasmus Kagge  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 10. mai lk. 2. Politsei andmetel on Eesti kuritegelike jõukude käes praegu vähemalt paar GSM-levi segajat ehk jammerit. Politseil on õnnestunud konfiskeerida autovarastelt üks GSM-levi tõkestaja. Lisa. Kasutajapiirang. Vt. samas: Jammereid saab osta internetist

Kagge, Rasmus, 1977-

2006-01-01

274

Research on GSM level density formula and its parameters  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Generalized Superfluid Model (GSM) level density formula has been studied. On the basis of the average neutron resonance level spacing D0 and cumulative level number N0 which were evaluated by ourselves, a set of GSM level density parameters has been obtained. These parameters have been included in the initial data file of IAEA's Reference Input Parameter Library (RIPL)

275

Innovative portable radiation monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new generation of portable monitoring systems is presented. The system consists of RAM R-200, a portable gamma meter designed for measuring wide range gamma radiation fields, and external probes for beta-gamma contamination, and high range gamma fields. The meter and the external probes were designed to withstand vibrations, shocks and extreme temperature conditions. The meter is lightweight - less than 500 g, compact - 80 x 35 x 130 mm, with emphasis on ergonomic design and ease of operation. It contains an internal detector with two energy compensated GM tubes for gamma field measurement in the range of 0.1 ?Sv/h to 1 Sv/h, and flat energy response to gamma radiation from 60 keV to 1350 keV. Low power consumption techniques enable more than 100 hours of continuous operation with a single 9V standard battery. The meter and the high range gamma probe meet the IEC1017-1 and ANSI-N42 standards. The meter includes signal processing electronics and embedded microprocessor circuitry. Dedicated software for data processing was developed, enabling smoothed analog and digital readout and fast response. Additional functions include accumulated dose calculation, malfunction detection and appropriate alarm, dose rate and accumulated thresholds, serial RS-232 communication with the external probes or with a PC. The RAM R-200 supports the logging or dose-rate measurements and acquisition time into its internal backed-up memory. Due to the importance of the audible indication toe importance of the audible indication to the user of such system an intensive study was done. Two audible indication modes are available. A conventional mode based on a short 'chirp' every pulse measured and variable frequency mode according to the field intensity. In the latter mode the meter automatically normalizes the frequency response with the actual measured field. The meter and the external probes include an internal microcontroller circuitry, power supplies for the internal electronics and detector high voltage, and output signal processing electronics. Each one of the external probes can be operated either by connection to the meter or to a PC. This feature enables detector calibration and storage of calibration factors in the probes' nonvolatile memory, via serial communication to a PC. The meter automatically identifies each change of external probe. The internal detector accumulated dose is recorded in the meter also when measurement is performed by an external probe. A magnesium case for the meter is under development. This case will reduce about 20% of the meter weight and decrease 15% of the low energy gamma rays absorption compared to the aluminum case. A special telescopic rod was developed as an accessory for the system. This rod enables the reading of hard to reach areas and measurement of high activity sources, where a safety distance must be kept between the measurement point and the operator. The RAM R-200 system ease of operation, compact dimensions and extreme environmental conditions withstanding, makes it useful to a variety of applications such as: General purpose survey meter, portable or stand alone radiation measurement station, NPP radiation monitoring, Nuclear Medicine, beta gamma surface contamination detection and measurement. (author)

276

Wireless system for location of permanent faults by short circuit current monitoring in electric power distribution network; Sistema wireless para localizacao de faltas permanentes atraves da monitoracao da corrente de curto-circuito em redes de distribuicao de energia eletrica  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents the development of an automatic system for permanent short-circuits location in medium voltage (13.8 kV) electric power system distribution feeders, by indirect monitoring of the line current. When a permanent failure occurs, the developed system uses mobile telephony (GSM) text messages (SMS) to inform the power company operation center where the failure most likely took place. With this information in real time, the power company operation center may provide the network restoration in a faster and efficient way. (author)

Machado, A.G.; Correa, A.C.; Machado, R.N. das M.; Ferreira, A.M.D.; Pinto, J.A.C. [Instituto Federal de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia do Para (IFPA), Belem, PA (Brazil)], E-mail: alcidesmachado000@yahoo.com.br; Barra Junior, W. [Universidade Federal do Para (UFPA), Belem, PA (Brazil). Inst. de Tecnologia. Faculdade de Engenharia Eletrica], E-mail: walbarra@ufpa.br

2009-07-01

277

DOWNHOLE VIBRATION MONITORING & CONTROL SYSTEM  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this program is to develop a system to both monitor the vibration of a bottomhole assembly, and to adjust the properties of an active damper in response to these measured vibrations. Phase I of this program entails modeling and design of the necessary subsystems and design, manufacture and test of a full laboratory prototype. The project continues to advance, but is behind the revised (14-month) schedule. Tasks 1-3 (Modeling, Specification and Design) are all essentially complete. The test bench for the Test and Evaluation (Tasks 4 & 5) and the laboratory prototype were constructed by the end of the period. During assembly, however, several of the key subassemblies became galled together, and had to be cut apart. These parts are being remachined with harder surfaces to prevent recurrence of this problem. One key component, the MR damper mandrel, has been redesigned into a three-piece assembly which will facilitate assembly and reduce the cost of replacement of worn components. The remade parts will be delivered by April 19, and the prototype assembled. Testing will begin during the first week of May and is anticipated to be completed before the revised end date for Phase I, May 31, 2004.

Martin E. Cobern

2004-04-17

278

Vibration Monitoring of Rotating Systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Most energy-conversion machines (e.g. vehicle engines and electric motors involve rotating components (e.g. roller bearings and gears, which generate vibrations. The behavior of a pump which includes a deliberate fault was chosen to illustrate this assertion. The test bearing at the driven end of the pump’s motor was deliberately damaged using a 1.5mm wire-cutting method and an adjustable coupling disk introduced to impose a shaft misalignment of 40. The resulting undesirable behavior of the pump was observed. Experimental data were measured at various speeds of the rotor. The sample period at various operating frequencies were 0.9, 0.6 and 0.45s respectively. The ball-passage frequency was observed at 4.4, 8.8, 13.2 and 17.6Hz. A computer-based analytical model was developed, in visual basic, for monitoring the machine failures: this led to an integrated system-process algorithm for diagnosis of faults in rotating components.

S. D. PROBERT

2010-02-01

279

Environmental monitoring system with TLD  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Presently work the methodology used by the Laboratory of Thermoluminescent Dosimetry (TLD) of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (RNA) to gauge it system of environmental monitoring in function of the media absorbed dose rate in free air and the environmental dose equivalent, H*(10), according to the recommendation ICRU Report 47 is described. It was studied the response of the environmental dosemeter (DA) in fields of photonic radiation of energies W60, Wl 10, W200 and 137 Cs. The irradiations were carried out following the recommendations of the standard ISO:4037. It was analyzed the response in the DA of the detectors LiF: Mg, Ti and CaF2: Dy for the different radiation qualities and the relative response at 137 Cs of both. The methodology used in the evaluation of the dose includes: the correction of the readings of both detectors by fading, gotten experimentally, the witness of transfers, the energy answer and the value of the zero. The dose is calculated applying the average pondered in uncertainty of the dose obtained for each type of detector. Its were analyzed and calculated the uncertainties that affect to the measurement following the recommendation of the Argentine standard IRAM 35050. The detection limit of the absorbed dose rate in free air of this system it is 3.5 n Gy/h for a period of sampling of 3 months. With this detection limit environmental dose equivalent rates of the order of 70 n Sv/h are measured with an expanded uncertainty of the order of 10% with a cover factor k = 2. (Author)

280

DOWNHOLE VIBRATION MONITORING & CONTROL SYSTEM  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this program is to develop a system to both monitor the vibration of a bottomhole assembly, and to adjust the properties of an active damper in response to these measured vibrations. Phase I of this program, which entailed modeling and design of the necessary subsystems and design, manufacture and test of a full laboratory prototype, was completed on May 31, 2004. The principal objectives of Phase II are: more extensive laboratory testing, including the evaluation of different feedback algorithms for control of the damper; design and manufacture of a field prototype system; and, testing of the field prototype in drilling laboratories and test wells. As a result of the lower than expected performance of the MR damper noted last quarter, several additional tests were conducted. These dealt with possible causes of the lack of dynamic range observed in the testing: additional damping from the oil in the Belleville springs; changes in properties of the MR fluid; and, residual magnetization of the valve components. Of these, only the last was found to be significant. By using a laboratory demagnetization apparatus between runs, a dynamic range of 10:1 was achieved for the damper, more than adequate to produce the needed improvements in drilling. Additional modeling was also performed to identify a method of increasing the magnetic field in the damper. As a result of the above, several changes were made in the design. Additional circuitry was added to demagnetize the valve as the field is lowered. The valve was located to above the Belleville springs to reduce the load placed upon it and offer a greater range of materials for its construction. In addition, to further increase the field strength, the coils were relocated from the mandrel to the outer housing. At the end of the quarter, the redesign was complete and new parts were on order. The project is approximately three months behind schedule at this time.

Martin E. Cobern

2005-04-27

 
 
 
 
281

Centralized environmental radiation monitoring system in JAERI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has continued the radiation background survey and environmental radiation monitoring to ensure the safety of the residents around the Institute. For the monitoring of ? and ? radiations and ? and ? radioactivities in air, the centralized automatic environmental radiation monitoring system (EMS) applying a computer with monitoring stations (MS) was established. The system has been renewed twice in 1973 and 1988. In 1962, a new concept emergency environmental ?-ray monitoring system (MP) was begun to construct and completed in 1965 independent of EMS. The first renewal of the EMS was carried out by focusing on the rapid and synthetic judgement and estimation of the environmental impacts caused by radiation and radioactive materials due to the operation of nuclear facilities by centralizing the data measured at MS, MP, a meteorological station, stack monitors and drainage monitoring stations under the control of computer. Present system renewed in 1988 was designed to prevent the interruption of monitoring due to computer troubles, communication troubles and power failures especially an instant voltage drop caused by thunder by reflecting the experiences through the operation and maintenance of the former system. Dual telemeters whose power is constantly supplied via batteries (capable of 10 min. monitoring after power failure) are equipped in the monitoring center to cope with telemeter troubles, which has operated successfully without any suspension being attributable to the power failures and telemeter troubles. (J.P.N.)

282

Monitoring by holographic radar systems  

Science.gov (United States)

Nowadays, radar technology represents a significant opportunity to collect useful information for the monitoring and conservation of critical infrastructures. Radar systems exploit the non-invasive interaction between the matter and the electromagnetic waves at microwave frequencies. Such an interaction allows obtaining images of the region under test from which one can infer the presence of potential anomalies such as deformations, cracks, water infiltrations, etc. This information turns out to be of primary importance in practical scenarios where the probed structure is in a poor state of preservation and renovation works must be planned. In this framework, the aim of this contribution is to describe the potentialities of the holographic radar Rascan 4/4000, a holographic radar developed by Remote Sensing Laboratory of Bauman Moscow State Technical University, as a non-destructive diagnostic tool capable to provide, in real-time, high resolution subsurface images of the sounded structure [1]. This radar provides holograms of hidden anomalies from the amplitude of the interference signal arising between the backscattered signal and a reference signal. The performance of the holographic radar is appraised by means of several experiments. Preliminary tests concerning the imaging below the floor and inside wood structures are carried out in controlled conditions at the Electromagnetic Diagnostic Laboratory of IREA-CNR. After, with reference to bridge monitoring for security aim, the results of a measurement campaign performed on the Musmeci bridge are presented [2]. Acknowledgments This research has been performed in the framework of the "Active and Passive Microwaves for Security and Subsurface imaging (AMISS)" EU 7th Framework Marie Curie Actions IRSES project (PIRSES-GA-2010-269157). REFERENCES [1] S. Ivashov, V. Razevig, I. Vasilyev, A. Zhuravlev, T. Bechtel, L. Capineri, The holographic principle in subsurface radar technology, International Symposium to Commemorate the 60th Anniversary of the Invention of Holography, Springfield, Massachusetts USA, October 27-29, pp. 183-197, 2008. [2] I. Catapano, L. Crocco, A. F. Morabito, F. Soldovieri, "Tomographic imaging of holographic GPR data for non-invasive structural assessment: the Musmeci bridge investigation", Nondestructive testing and evaluation, vol. 27, pp. 229-237, 2012.

Catapano, Ilaria; Crocco, Lorenzo; Affinito, Antonio; Gennarelli, Gianluca; Soldovieri, Francesco

2013-04-01

283

Distributed Monitoring System Based on ICINGA  

CERN Multimedia

The LHCb online system relies on a large and heterogeneous I.T. infrastructure : it comprises more than 2000 servers and embedded systems and more than 200 network devices. While for the control and monitoring of detectors, PLCs, and readout boards an industry standard SCADA system PVSSII has been put in production, we use a low level monitoring system to monitor the control infrastructure itself. While our previous system was based on a single central NAGIOS server, our current system uses a distributed ICINGA infrastructure.

Haen, C; Neufeld, N

2011-01-01

284

Darlington Nuclear fuelling machine system monitoring  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

System monitoring is one of the components needed in ensuring an efficient and healthy system. It provides an accurate look at the condition of the equipment, detects signs of performance deterioration and identifies need for improvements (hardware, procedural, or life cycle limitation/early component replacement, etc.). This paper deals only with the system monitoring part. The discussion will be laid out in chronological order according to the Fuelling Machine life cycle, starting with activities at PTF (Pressure Test Facility), followed by in-service monitoring, and concluding with monitoring/inspections during the overhaul. (author)

Sie, T. [Ontario Power Generation, Darlington Nuclear, Bowmanville, Ontario (Canada)

2003-07-01

285

In-vitro exposure of neuronal networks to the GSM-1800 signal.  

Science.gov (United States)

The central nervous system is the most likely target of mobile telephony radiofrequency (RF) field exposure in terms of biological effects. Several electroencephalography (EEG) studies have reported variations in the alpha-band power spectrum during and/or after RF exposure, in resting EEG and during sleep. In this context, the observation of the spontaneous electrical activity of neuronal networks under RF exposure can be an efficient tool to detect the occurrence of low-level RF effects on the nervous system. Our research group has developed a dedicated experimental setup in the GHz range for the simultaneous exposure of neuronal networks and monitoring of electrical activity. A transverse electromagnetic (TEM) cell was used to expose the neuronal networks to GSM-1800 signals at a SAR level of 3.2 W/kg. Recording of the neuronal electrical activity and detection of the extracellular spikes and bursts under exposure were performed using microelectrode arrays (MEAs). This work provides the proof of feasibility and preliminary results of the integrated investigation regarding exposure setup, culture of the neuronal network, recording of the electrical activity, and analysis of the signals obtained under RF exposure. In this pilot study on 16 cultures, there was a 30% reversible decrease in firing rate (FR) and bursting rate (BR) during a 3 min exposure to RF. Additional experiments are needed to further characterize this effect. PMID:23913345

Moretti, Daniela; Garenne, André; Haro, Emmanuelle; Poulletier de Gannes, Florence; Lagroye, Isabelle; Lévêque, Philippe; Veyret, Bernard; Lewis, Noëlle

2013-12-01

286

Monitoring quality of statistical control in ?-ray radioprotection monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

4 MeV electrostatic accelerator can produce much ?-ray radiation during operation, measuring its radiant intensity by making use of ?-ray radioprotection monitoring system. The measuring results of the system have the characteristics of repetitive, reproducibility, normal distribution, so this system adopts the method of control chart to carry out statistical control during its measuring process, in order to control its measure at any moment and ensuring veracity and reliability. (authors)

287

Plataforma para servicios de valor agregado basados en localización, en una red gsm, a partir de la medición de la intensidad de señal (Parte I).  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El estudio de factibilidad de implementación de una plataforma para servicios de valor agregado basados en la localización de teléfonos móviles, en una red de telefonía celular GSM, comienza con el análisis de los sistemas que permiten dicha localización. Dentro de estos sistemas se encuentran los S [...] istemas de Localización basados en la medición de la intensidad de la señal, que logran determinar la ubicación del móvil realizando un proceso de triangulación, estimando la distancia respecto a varias radiobases (al menos tres) a partir de la medición del nivel de la potencia que el móvil recibe de dichas radiobases. Analizando las posibilidades de obtener los niveles de potencia que recibe el móvil de las BTS circundantes, se concluye que existen dos maneras de implementar dicha plataforma a partir de la información del "Measurement Result Information Element": a) Monitoreando la capa 3 de la interfaz Abis entre la BTS y la BSC, o b) Solicitándolo al módulo SIM de los teléfonos GSM. Se explican con detalle, por cada una de estas posibilidades los esquemas de implementación y las condiciones que deben cumplirse con el fin de obtener el "Measurement Result Information Element". Finalmente se presentan las ventajas y desventajas que posee cada uno de estos métodos y se propone la realización de una prueba piloto en la ciudad de Caracas. Abstract in english Feasibility studies to implement a platform for Value Aggregated Services based on the localization of mobile telephones, in a cellular network GSM, begin with the analysis of the systems that allow such localization. The Location Systems based on Signal Strength Measurements are part of these syste [...] ms. Such systems determine the location of a user carrying out a triangulation process that estimates the distance from several base stations (at least three), throughout the measurement of the power level that the user receives from these base stations. Analyzing the possibilities to obtain the levels of power that the cell phone receives from the surrounding BTS, we conclude that there are two approaches to implement this platform starting from the information of the Measurement Result Information Element: a) Monitoring layer 3 of the Abis interface, or b) Requesting it from the module SIM of the cell phone GSM. We explain in detail for each of these possibilities, the implementation outlines and the conditions that should be completed with the purpose to obtain the "Measurement Result Information Element". Finally, we present the advantages and disadvantages of each method and conclude with a recommendation for a test bed in the city of Caracas.

LUIS, FERNÁNDEZ; DANIEL, HERNÁNDEZ.

288

Plataforma para servicios de valor agregado basados en localización, en una red gsm, a partir de la medición de la intensidad de señal (Parte I).  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El estudio de factibilidad de implementación de una plataforma para servicios de valor agregado basados en la localización de teléfonos móviles, en una red de telefonía celular GSM, comienza con el análisis de los sistemas que permiten dicha localización. Dentro de estos sistemas se encuentran los S [...] istemas de Localización basados en la medición de la intensidad de la señal, que logran determinar la ubicación del móvil realizando un proceso de triangulación, estimando la distancia respecto a varias radiobases (al menos tres) a partir de la medición del nivel de la potencia que el móvil recibe de dichas radiobases. Analizando las posibilidades de obtener los niveles de potencia que recibe el móvil de las BTS circundantes, se concluye que existen dos maneras de implementar dicha plataforma a partir de la información del "Measurement Result Information Element": a) Monitoreando la capa 3 de la interfaz Abis entre la BTS y la BSC, o b) Solicitándolo al módulo SIM de los teléfonos GSM. Se explican con detalle, por cada una de estas posibilidades los esquemas de implementación y las condiciones que deben cumplirse con el fin de obtener el "Measurement Result Information Element". Finalmente se presentan las ventajas y desventajas que posee cada uno de estos métodos y se propone la realización de una prueba piloto en la ciudad de Caracas. Abstract in english Feasibility studies to implement a platform for Value Aggregated Services based on the localization of mobile telephones, in a cellular network GSM, begin with the analysis of the systems that allow such localization. The Location Systems based on Signal Strength Measurements are part of these syste [...] ms. Such systems determine the location of a user carrying out a triangulation process that estimates the distance from several base stations (at least three), throughout the measurement of the power level that the user receives from these base stations. Analyzing the possibilities to obtain the levels of power that the cell phone receives from the surrounding BTS, we conclude that there are two approaches to implement this platform starting from the information of the Measurement Result Information Element: a) Monitoring layer 3 of the Abis interface, or b) Requesting it from the module SIM of the cell phone GSM. We explain in detail for each of these possibilities, the implementation outlines and the conditions that should be completed with the purpose to obtain the "Measurement Result Information Element". Finally, we present the advantages and disadvantages of each method and conclude with a recommendation for a test bed in the city of Caracas.

LUIS, FERNÁNDEZ; DANIEL, HERNÁNDEZ.

2005-07-01

289

Lidar system applied in atmospheric pollution monitoring  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A lidar system, incorporating tunable dye lasers and a 25-cm diam Newtonian telescope, has been constructed and applied in atmospheric pollution monitoring. The system, which is fully controlled by a specially designed microcomputer, has been used in several field tests, where stack effluents as well as the ambient air have been monitored. Results from particle, NO2, and SO2 measurements are discussed

290

Monitoring system for exhaust flows  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The patent describes a device for the shifting of a probe monitoring the exhaust flow for the purpose of obtaining homogeneous samples of the exhaust flow over the whole diameter of a vent stack. (orig./RW)

291

Centralized environmental radiation monitoring system in JAERI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

JAERI has continued the environmental radiation background survey and monitoring to ensure the safety of the peoples around the institute since one year before the first criticality of JRR-1 (Japan Research Reactor No.1) in August 1957. Air absorbed doses from ? and ? radiation, ? and ? radioactivity in air and the radioactivities in environmental samples were the monitoring items. For the monitoring of ? and ? radiation and ? and ? radioactivity in air, monitoring station and the centralized automatic environmental radiation monitoring system applying a computer were established as a new challenging monitoring system for nuclear facility, which was the first one not only in Japan but also in the would in 1960 and since then the system has been renewed two times (in 1973 and 1988) by introducing the latest technology in the fields of radiation detection and computer control at each stage. Present system renewed in 1988 was designed to prevent the interruption of monitoring due to computer troubles, communication troubles and power failures especially an instant voltage drop arisen from thunder by reflecting the experiences through the operation and maintenance of the former system. Dual telemeters whose power is constantly supplied via batteries (capable of 10 min monitoring after power failure) are equipped in the monitoring center to cope with telemeter troubles, which has operated successfully without any suspension being attributable to the power failures and telemeter troubles

292

Storage monitoring systems for the year 2000  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In September 1993, President Clinton stated the US would ensure that its fissile material meet the highest standards of safety, security, and international accountability. Frequent human inspection of the material could be used to ensure these standards. However, it may be more effective and less expensive to replace these manual inspections with virtual inspections via remote monitoring technologies. To prepare for this future, Sandia National Laboratories has developed several monitoring systems, including the Modular Integrated Monitoring System (MIMS) and Project Straight-Line. The purpose of this paper is to describe a Sandia effort that merges remote monitoring technologies into a comprehensive storage monitoring system that will meet the near-term as well as the long-term requirements for these types of systems. Topics discussed include: motivations for storage monitoring systems to include remote monitoring; an overview of the needs and challenges of providing a storage monitoring system for the year 2000; an overview of how the MIMS and Straight-Line can be enhanced so that together they create an integrated and synergistic information system by the end of 1997; and suggested milestones for 1998 and 1999 to assure steady progress in preparing for the needs of 2000

293

Surveillance system for radiation monitoring in HTTR  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR: thermal output of 30 MW) went critical for the first time on November 10, 1998. Radiation monitoring in the HTTR Rise-to-Power Test was carried out using the surveillance system. This report will be used in radiation monitoring in Rise-to-Power Tests and also in periodic inspection work etc. in HTTR. This report describes the design and specification of the surveillance system for the radiation monitoring which consists of radiation monitors, radiation measuring instruments and personal computers in HTTR. The outline of HTTR is also described. (author)

Nakazawa, Takashi; Yasu, Katsuji; Yoshino, Toshiaki; Ashikagaya, Yoshinobu; Kikuchi, Toshiki; Minowa, Yuuji [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Oarai, Ibaraki (Japan). Oarai Research Establishment; Sato, Kouichi; Nomura, Toshibumi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

2001-03-01

294

Intelligent Wireless Emergency Alert System for Patient Monitoring using AT89S52 Microcontroller  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the past pace of life it is difficult for people to be constantly available for their near ones who might need them while they are suffering from any disease or physical disorder. So constant monitoring of the patient’s body parameters such as body temperature, Pulse rate and sugar level etc becomes difficult. Generally in ICUs nurses are taking care of abnormalities n the health of the patient but they may not be available for taking care of patient’s health 24X7. So sometimes in absence of care taker it may happens that the health of the patient becomes abnormal /critical from normal condition. So to remove these critical conditions we have proposed an automatic low cost microcontroller & intelligent Wireless GSM based Advanced patient monitoring system which continuously in the regular interval of time (DS1307 RTC for clock measuring the intensive parameter of the patient’s health and if any abnormal condition occurs, it directly give a message to the doctor’s cell phone that particular word no’s particular parameter is out of the range. Due to this alert message, Doctor can do the fast assessment of the patient’s health without wasting the time.

YADAV SATYENDRA SATYANARAYAN

2013-04-01

295

Upgrade of the LHCb ECAL monitoring system  

CERN Document Server

The LHCb ECAL is a shashlik calorimeter of 6016 cells, covering 7.68 x 6.24 m$^2$ area. To monitor the readout chain of each ECAL cell, the LHCb ECAL is equipped with a LED based monitoring system. During the LHC Run I (2009-2012) it was found that the precision of the monitoring suffers from the radiation degradation of transparency of polystyrene clear fibers used to transport the LED light to the ECAL photomultipliers. In order to improve the performance of the monitoring system, and especially in view of significant increase of LHCb working luminosity foreseen after 2018, the present plastic fibers have been replaced by radiation hard quartzfi bers. The performance of the old LHCb ECAL monitoring system during LHC Run I and the design of the upgraded system are discussed here.

Guz, Yu

2014-01-01

296

CASDAC system: Monitoring Unit user's guide  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The CASDAC (Containment And Surveillance Data Authenticated Communication) system has been developed by JAERI for nuclear safeguards and physical protection of nuclear material. This system is a remote monitoring system for continual verification of security and safeguards status of nuclear material. The CASDAC system consists of two subsystems, one of them is a Grand Command Center (GCC) subsystem and the other is a facility subsystem. This report describes the outline and usage of the Monitoring Unit (MU), which monitors continuously C/S sensor status in a facility subsystem. This work has been carried out in the framework of Japan Support Programme for Agency Safeguards (JASPAS) as a project, JA-1. (author)

297

Changing Data Rate during Handoff in GSM –ATM Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wireless GSM network provides variety of communication with the exciting services. GSM has emerged as an important component of the broadband wireless network infrastructure. IN the field of communication traditional distance based scheme has chosen so that the signal strength becomes good and of course if going to increase the data rate that will enhance the speed of the network. While GSM supports for different traffic characteristics and QOS requirements, WATM networks provide wireless extension to the ATM-based networks by adding mobility support functions. The implementation of WATM poses several problems like mobility management, radio access to network etc. This paper presents the literature survey of GSM and its handoff related issues. Handoff is basically related with GSM so that we can understand the required bandwidth and data rate. These parameters are compared with traditional and advance data rate bandwidth. It deals with GSM features, requirements, protocol architectures and the global activities. The focus is made on the handoff related aspects of WATM and GSM. The handoff management operation, requirements, protocols, proposed solutions and open issues for research.

Brajesh Mishra,Sudeep Baudha,Shrikant Pandey

2012-06-01

298

Implementation of Integrity of Voice and face Recognition for Home Security by using GSM AND ZIGBEE  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Home security is very popular in present days in its simplest form home controlling is the ability to control lighting , household and image reorganization appliances remotely with this device automation safety from theft, leak in of raw gas and fire is also the most important requirement of home for people by combining wireless sensor net work and GSM technology, In this proposes a new solution for remote home security and device control system. The system is composed of the ARM7 based WS...

Chandrasekhar Lokanadham; Santhisri, V.; Subbarao, B. Purna V.

2012-01-01

299

TV fatigue crack monitoring system  

Science.gov (United States)

An apparatus is disclosed for monitoring the development and growth of fatigue cracks in a test specimen subjected to a pulsating tensile load. A plurality of television cameras photograph a test specimen which is illuminated at the point of maximum tensile stress. The television cameras have a modified vidicon tube which has an increased persistence time thereby eliminating flicker in the displayed images.

Exton, R. J. (inventor)

1977-01-01

300

Nuclear safety, control and monitoring systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The review of basic systems supporting safety of technological processes, which were developed and implemented at the Mayak site, is given. The purpose of the self-sustaining chain reaction emergency warning system is to register any anomalously high level of instantaneous ?-radiation, provide sound and light alarm signals, estimate the ?-radiation absorbed dose rate. The purpose of the automated radiation monitoring system is to provide radiation safety of process personnel by continuous remote monitoring of the radiological situation and control of the alarm devices and operating mechanisms. The automated radiation monitoring system provides continuous monitoring ?-radiation exposure dose rate; collection and processing of data from measurement units; prompt notification to regional and federal executive authorities about any accidents and provision of informational support of decision-making. The neutron detection system is used to measure the frequency of impulses that characterise the flux of neutrons emitted by the plutonium solution in the process vessels, prepare and transfer information to the central process control system at its automated workplace locations. The goals of the system for automatic monitoring of nuclear shipments are to provide integrated online monitoring for nuclear, radiation, environmental and fire safety, branch power supply, radiation and meteorological monitoring of the sanitary protection zones and observation zones, as well as transmission of operative data to the Rosatom's Crisis Response Centre

 
 
 
 
301

Environmental radiation monitoring system based on GIS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With the application enlargement of nuclear technology and the necessary of anti-terror, it is becoming more and more important to establish and update the environmental radiation monitoring system. The design goal, main function and the position of GIS technology of environmental radiation monitoring system were discussed in this study. Both the requirement of managing capability and emergency responding were considered. In this system, J2EE platform and the model of a computer with dual screen were utilized. (authors)

302

Image detection monitoring system (IDMS) for landslide monitoring  

Science.gov (United States)

In the field of topographic displacement monitoring systems, the CNR IRPI of Turin has developed and patented a new instrumentation, named Image Detection For Monitoring System (IDMS). The IDMS is constituted by a digital reflex camera that, according to different needs, can be combined to a long range reflectorless laser distantiometer . The resulting assembly is automatically moved by an high accuracy sophisticated positioning mechanism managed by a low-consumption pc. The principle of operation is based on the analysis of a time series of pictures of an area that, processed using particular algorithms, allow to obtain topographic displacements. If necessary, with the long range laser integration it is also possible to get the displacement values in three-dimensions. The system, initially experimented with the use of a cam, has been improved using a reflex camera, developing a special software that allowed to improve performances and to set algorithms to seek the monitored areas. These implementations, in addition to the freedom from the needs of reflecting targets, increase the system flexibility that can operate in dynamic contexts where the phenomenon morphology can quickly change. With this characteristics , the IDMS can preserve the topographic total station accuracy, but it hasn't the necessity to use expensive reflecting targets, often characterized by the difficulty of their installation and maintenance. These characteristics make the system most flexible allowing to modify the investigated areas without particular logistic difficulties and without further costs.

Lollino, Giorgio; Allasia, Paolo; Baldo, Marco; Giordan, Daniele

2010-05-01

303

GSM accessories now available from the CERN Stores  

CERN Multimedia

As of 1st October you can order and receive GSM accessories from the CERN stores like any other article. The CERN stores also manage GSM telephones but, for technical reasons, only the Labo Telecom shop (Building 31, Room S026) is able to make the standard sales, repairs and exchanges for authorised persons with a CERN subscription. Labo Telecom will thus become a specialist shop, open from 11 a.m. to 12 a.m., and will apply the usual rules and authorisation procedures of the stores. The paper form for requests for GSM subscriptions is being computerized and will be available on EDH in the near future.

Labo Telecom

2001-01-01

304

A low-power triple-mode sigma-delta DAC for reconfigurable (WCDMA/TD-SCDMA/GSM) transmitters  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A sigma-delta (??) DAC with channel filtering for multi-standard wireless transmitters used in the software-defined-radio (SDR) system is presented. The conversion frequency, transfer function of the digital filter and the ?? modulator, word-length of the IDAC and cut-off frequency of the analog reconstruction filter can be digitally programmed to satisfy specifications of WCDMA, TD-SCDMA and GSM standards. The ?? DAC fabricated in SMIC 0.13-?m CMOS process occupies a die area of 0.72 mm2, while consuming 5.52/4.82/3.04 mW in WCDMA/TD-SCDMA/GSM mode from a single 1.2-V supply voltage. The measured SFDR is 62.8/60.1/75.5 dB for WCDMA/TD-SCDMA/GSM mode, respectively. (semiconductor integrated circuits)

305

Mobility Monitoring System For Ecological Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

Radioactive-nuclide system automatically monitors animals in the field, using radioactive tracers affixed to the animals, Geiger-Muller tube radiation detectors, and event-recorders. Four animals can be monitored simultaneously within a 32-m circle, with each animal as far as 1 m from its associated detector.

Eisler, W. J., Jr.; Frigerio, N. A.

1969-01-01

306

A REAL TIME MONITORING SYSTEM FOR PHYSIOLOGICAL SIGNALS USING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available hat the number of elderly people is increasing. Hence, the problem of home-care for elderly people is very important. In recently, wireless sensor networks are used to structure home-care system in many esearches. Wireless sensor networks application for physiological signals communication transmission has many technologies. Such as the Infrared, Bluetooth and ZigBee, etc. Because the angle limit problem of the infraredtransmission, and the infrared have not be used for Physiological signal transmission. Although Bluetooth is better than ZigBee for transmission rate, but ZigBee has lower power consumption. Hence, ZigBee is generally used for 24 hours monitor of communication transmission systems. The first procedure of the system that we use the sensors to measure temparature,heart rate and blood pressure from human body, Using Zigbee the measured signal sends to the PC via the RS-232 serial port communication interface. We can send the signal to remote PC or PDA. In particular, when measured signals over the standard value, the personal computer will send GSM short message to absent manager’s mobile phone.

P.Amaranadha reddy1 , J.Damodhar2

2012-08-01

307

14 CFR 171.315 - Azimuth monitor system requirements.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Azimuth monitor system requirements. 171.315 ...System (MLS) § 171.315 Azimuth monitor system requirements. (a) The approach azimuth or back azimuth monitor system must cause the radiation...

2010-01-01

308

Blood monitoring systems and methods thereof  

Science.gov (United States)

A blood monitoring system is capable of monitoring the blood of a subject in vivo. The blood monitoring system comprises: 1) an array of movable microneedle micromachined within associated wells; 2) array of motion actuators able to move each needle in and out of their associated wells; 3) array of microvalves associated with each microneedle able to control the flow of air around the microneedle; 4) an array of chemical sensors inserted into patient by movable microneedles; 5) an array of inductors able to measure chemical concentration in the vicinity of inserted chemical sensors; 6) conducting vias that provide timed actuating signal signals from a control system to each motion actuator; 7) conducting vias that transmit signal produced by array of chemical sensors to the control system for processing, although the blood monitoring system can comprise other numbers and types of elements in other configurations.

Mir, Jose (Inventor); Zander, Dennis (Inventor)

2012-01-01

309

Communications interface for plant monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents the communications interface for an intelligent color graphic system which PSE and G developed as part of a plant monitoring system. The intelligent graphic system is designed to off-load traditional host functions such as dynamic graphic updates, keyboard handling and alarm display. The distributed system's data and synchronization problems and their solutions are discussed

310

A novel security algorithm for gsm mobile  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Security is a crucial factor in the provision of secure mobile services. The rapid growth of harmful attacks has increased the need for higher security level, especially in the case of wireless networks. GSM security is proposed by A5/1 synchronous symmetric-key stream cipher. It has been revealed in (1), (2), and (3) that biased birthday attack, random subgraph attack and correlation attack, breach the security at the air interface. In this paper, we have proposed a high level security solution that incorporates a new Key setup routine and new feedback taps positions. We have shown that the proposed solution is more secure and efficient by simulating and application of different Statistical Tests for standard A5/1 and proposed A5/1 in MATLAB and comparing results. (author)

311

Limerick Nuclear Generating Station vibration monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Philadelphia Electric Company utilizes a vibration monitoring computer system at its Limerick Nuclear Generating Station to evaluate machine performance. Performance can be evaluated through instantaneous sampling, online static and transient data. The system functions as an alarm monitor, displaying timely alarm data to the control area. The passage of time since the system's inception has been a learning period. Evaluation through continuous use has led to many enhancements in alarm handling and in the acquisition and display of machine data. Due to the system's sophistication, a routine maintenance program is a necessity. This paper describes the system's diagnostic tools and current utilization. System development and maintenance techniques will also be discussed

312

Comparison of bioactivity between GSM 900 MHz and DCS 1800 MHz mobile telephony radiation.  

Science.gov (United States)

An increasing number of studies find that pulsed Radio Frequency (RF), electromagnetic radiation of both systems of digital mobile telephony, established and commonly used in Europe during the last years, GSM 900 MHz (Global System for Mobile telecommunications) and DCS 1800 MHz (Digital Cellular System), exert intense biological action on different organisms and cells (Hardell et al., 2006; Hyland, 2000; Kundi, 2004; Panagopoulos et al., 2004, 2007). The two types of cellular telephony radiation use different carrier frequencies and give different frequency spectra, but they usually also differ in intensity, as GSM 900 MHz antennas operate at about double the power output than the corresponding DCS 1800 MHz ones. In our present experiments, we used a model biological system, the reproductive capacity of Drosophila melanogaster, to compare the biological activity between the two systems of cellular mobile telephony radiation. Both types of radiation were found to decrease significantly and non thermally the insect's reproductive capacity, but GSM 900 MHz seems to be even more bioactive than DCS 1800 MHz. The difference seems to be dependent mostly on field intensity and less on carrier frequency. PMID:17454081

Panagopoulos, Dimitris J; Chavdoula, Evangelia D; Karabarbounis, Andreas; Margaritis, Lukas H

2007-01-01

313

The Authenticated Tracking and Monitoring System (ATMS)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Authenticated Tracking and Monitoring System (ATMS) has been designed to address the need for global monitoring of the status and location of proliferation-sensitive items. Conceived to utilize the proposed Global Verification and Location System (GVLS) satellite link, ATMS could use the existing International Maritime Satellite commercial communication system until GVLS is operational. The ATMS concept uses sensor packs to monitor items and environmental conditions, collects a variety of event data through a sensor processing unit, and transmits the data to a satellite, which then sends data to ground stations. Authentication and encryption algorithms will be used to secure the data. A typical ATMS application would be to track and monitor the safety and security of a number of items in transit along a scheduled shipping route. This paper also discusses a proof-of-concept system demonstration

314

Health Monitoring System for Composite Structures  

Science.gov (United States)

An automated system was developed to monitor the health status of composites. It uses the vibration characteristics of composites to identify a component's damage condition. The vibration responses are characterized by a set of signal features defined in the time, frequency and spatial domains. The identification of these changes in the vibration characteristics corresponding to different health conditions was performed using pattern recognition principles. This allows efficient data reduction and interpretation of vast amounts of information. Test components were manufactured from isogrid panels to evaluate performance of the monitoring system. The components were damaged by impact to simulate different health conditions. Free vibration response was induced by a tap test on the test components. The monitoring system was trained using these free vibration responses to identify three different health conditions. They are undamaged vs. damaged, damage location and damage zone size. High reliability in identifying the correct component health condition was achieved by the monitoring system.

Tang, S. S.; Riccardella, P. C.; Andrews, R. J.; Grady, J. E.; Mucciaradi, A. N.

1996-01-01

315

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING SYSTEMS IN CONSTRUCTION COMPANIES ??????? ?????????????? ??????????? ? ???????????? ????????????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article deals with the issues of environmental safety in construction companies at the expense of information systems for environmental monitoring. It also discusses the problems of automation of this sector and the basic solutions

Yanaeva M. V.

2012-12-01

316

Online Assessment of Influence in Monitoring System  

International Science & Technology Center (ISTC)

Hilbert Transform- and Bi-Orthogonal Decomposition-Based Online Methods for Determination of a True Influences in the Seismic and Ecological Monitoring Systems (Including a Ground True Motion Restoring)

317

Monitoring the energy systems of sustainable buildings  

Science.gov (United States)

The complexity of sustainable energy systems for buildings services calls for more transparency of the processes which provide energy for the buildings heating, cooling and power needs. In the frame of applied scientific research at University of Applied Sciences Offenburg, different systems and even buildings in total have been monitored over years to analyse their performance and to optimize the system installations and operations. New EU regulations like EN 16001 require an effective monitoring and a continuous commissioning of the energy relevant systems to certificate sustainable processes. On the other hand, new operation tools are necessary to handle the volatility of renewable energy sources and the buildings demand. Predictive building automation has shown good results when applied for energy systems with high inertia. Operating large-scale solar thermal systems and sustainable buildings over long-term periods the University of Applied Sciences provided evidence that monitoring is an essential system tool for an energy and cost efficient operation of sustainable buildings.

Bollin, Elmar

2011-05-01

318

WSN For Air Pollution Monitoring System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Energy consumption by sensor node in Wireless Network is one of the important factors in Air Pollution Monitoring System. The paper aims to compare energy consumption with and without Recursive Converging Quartiles (RCQ Data Aggregation Algorithm. Wireless Sensor Network (WSN is a developing technology which performs: sensing, gathering, measuring, transferring, etc. data to the database from the real world. The study emphasizes implementation, design and evaluation on WSN of Air Pollution Monitoring System to reduce energy consumption using Matlab tool.

Sonal O Talokar

2014-01-01

319

Electromagnetic interference of GSM mobile phones with the implantable deep brain stimulator, ITREL-III  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The purpose was to investigate mobile phone interference with implantable deep brain stimulators by means of 10 different 900 Mega Hertz (MHz) and 10 different 1800 MHz GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) mobile phones. Methods All tests were performed in vitro using a phantom especially developed for testing with deep brain stimulators. The phantom was filled with liquid phantom materials simulating brain and muscle tissue. All exa...

Alesch François; Kainz Wolfgang; Chan Dulciana

2003-01-01

320

Implementation of Integrity of Voice and face Recognition for Home Security by using GSM AND ZIGBEE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Home security is very popular in present days in its simplest form home controlling is the ability to control lighting , household and image reorganization appliances remotely with this device automation safety from theft, leak in of raw gas and fire is also the most important requirement of home for people by combining wireless sensor net work and GSM technology, In this proposes a new solution for remote home security and device control system. The system is composed of the ARM7 based WSN center node with GSM module, data collecting node , device control node and mobile phone. The WSN data collecting node module is connected with PIR, temperature sensor, smoke detector and gas sensor separately and send data to the data collecting node. Advances in the field of Information Technology also make Information Security an inseparable part of it. In order to deal with security, Authentication plays an important role. This paper presents a review on the Voice authentication techniques and somefuture possibilities in this field. In Voice & face, a human being needs to be identified based on some characteristic physiological parameters. A wide variety of systems require reliable personal recognition schemes to either confirm or determine the identity of an individual requesting their services.The purpose of such schemes is to ensure that the rendered services are accessed only by a legitimate user, and not anyone else. By using Voice & ace it is possible to confirm or establish an individual’s identity. The position of biometrics in the current field of Security has been depicted in this work. We have also outlined options about the usability of voice and face authentication systems. The data collecting node will send encoded alarm signal to the WSN center node through WSN sensor network established in home . Once the WSN center node receives alarm signal, it will send alarm SMS to the users through the GSM module and GSM network immediately.

Chandrasekhar Lokanadham

2012-08-01

 
 
 
 
321

Class 3 Tracking and Monitoring System Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of Class 3 tracking system are to assist DOE in tracking and performance and progress of these projects and to capture the technical and financial information collected during the projects' monitoring phase. The captured information was used by DOE project managers and BDM-Oklahoma staff for project monitoring and evaluation, and technology transfer activities. The proposed tracking system used the Class Evaluation Executive Report (CLEVER), a relation database for storing and disseminating class project data; GeoGraphix, a geological and technical analysis and mapping software system; the Tertiary Oil Recovery Information System (TORIS) database; and MS-Project, a project management software system.

Safely, Eugene; Salamy, S. Phillip

1999-11-29

322

The new drilling control and monitoring system  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The new Drilling control and monitoring system, DrillView, is used on a number of new drilling units in the North Sea and in the Caspian sea. The DrillView system is a modular system that can be used on any size drilling unit, from a single portable top drive to a complete drilling unit with automated pipe handling, cement system, mud system and third party equipment. The Human Man Interface (HMI is based on touch screen technology (ATEX approved where required. The communication network is based on Ethernet and Profibus, giving full remote operation and monitoring functionality.

Artymiuk Jan

2004-09-01

323

The Lower Saxony reactor remote monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Remote monitoring of nuclear power plants has been demanded by the German Federal Parliament for all nuclear power stations in the country. The Federal States are responsible for the practical implementation of this requirement, which means that measuring and monitoring centers are assigned to the respective Federal States. The first nuclear reactor remote monitoring system has been in operation in Bavaria since 1979. The State of Lower Saxony is the second state to install for its nuclear power plants a reactor remote monitoring system. Remote monitoring does not replace the local control installations covering all systems of a nuclear power plant, nor does it overrule the existing duty of the operator to report any accidents or incidents. Instead, it supplements this plant control in order to ensure even more thorough control of operation and of emissions. The data collected from the measuring stations in a nuclear power plant are transmitted hourly by public telephone line from a subcenter on the reactor site to a state measuring center controlled by a process computer, where they are recorded and checked. If the data transmitted were to approach permissible limits, the remote monitoring system would automatically change over to ten-minute scans. When limits are reached, an alarm is actuated automatically. The remote monitoring function not only serves as a means of double checking, but also to dissipate reservations against nuclear power plants in the mind of the public. (orig.)

324

Data monitoring system for PV solar generators  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The two 1.5 kWp photovoltaic (PV) solar generators are installed and the new PC data monitoring system is developed by applying EC standards for European Solar Test Installation (ESTI). The schematic system diagram of PV generator is presented. The recording parameters for analytical and global monitoring are discussed. The meteorological data from ESTI sensors, temperature sensor and electrical data from inverter and calibrated shunt are stored via analog digital converters (ADC) on a hard disk of data storage PC. Data Logger and Monitor software for automatic data acquisition, treatment and visual distance control of all output PV data from PV solar generator has been created

325

Digital power range neutron monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Under an advanced control and instrumentation concept for advanced BWR nuclear power plant, a digitalized nuclear instrumentation system has been developed. It is composed of a digitalized start-up range neutron monitor(DSRNM), a digitalized power range neutron monitor(DPRNM) and a digitalized traversing in-core probe(DTIP). DPRNM has an important role to monitor the reactor power higher than 10%. In order to improve the operability, maintenability and safety of the plant, PRNM has employed new signal processing technologies based on the micro-processor technique on the analog signal multiplexing, signal transmission, power calculation, sensitivity calibration, sensor performance measurement and system diagnosis

326

Monitoring system for industrial gases pollutants  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The system is designed for monitoring gas pollutants in air, in a chemical plant. It consists of gas detectors with transmitter and modules for environmental conditions measurement, data loggers and a central monitoring station which role is to collect data, generate alarms if pollutants concentration becomes over limit and create database. A dedicated software permits data collecting and processing in order to get solutions for minimising human and technological risks. The system role is monitoring the pollution sources and the surrounded areas that might be affected, for keeping gas pollutants concentration at an acceptable level and to minimise the pollution effects. (author)

327

Computer controlled monitor system at Pantex Plant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The monitor system now in operation in the Gas Analysis Laboratory was designed to meet the Nuclear Safety specifications of a permanent and accurate record of hourly temperature and pressure readings on all weapons undergoing thermal exposure or accelerated aging. This report is designed to give the user an insight into the monitor system and its operation without requiring extensive knowledge of computer software. A flow chart of the actual monitor program as it currently exists is included as an appendix to this report

328

Preparedness for response to the challenges from orphan sources: nationwide environmental radiation mapping with state of the art monitoring systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Based on the various international reports on orphan sources, the potential for radiological emergencies in public domain is recognized as a cause of concern. To detect the presence of any such orphan sources and to strengthen the preparedness for response to any radiological emergencies in public domain, a nationwide radiation mapping programme was initiated in India. Various radiation monitoring systems, few of them integrated with Global Positioning System (GPS) installed in mobile monitoring vans were used for this purpose. This monitoring also helped in generating the base line dose rate data of the cities and also in demonstrating the methodology of environmental monitoring for locating the presence of orphan sources, if any. During the detailed monitoring of various cities of the country, different systems such as GSM based Radiation Monitoring System (GRaMS), Compact Radiation Monitoring system, Portable Mobile Gamma Spectrometry System, Gamma Tracer System etc. installed in a vehicle were made to continuously acquire the data at a varying rate from 10 sec to 1 minute acquisition time. These systems can measure dose rate in the range of 0.01 - 100 ?Gy h-1 and can detect 7.4 MBq (200 ?Ci) of 60Co and 25 MBq (675 ?Ci) of 137Cs from a distance of 5 metre. Average dose rate recorded during these environmental monitoring was 81 ± 07 nGy h-1 with a maximum of 210 ± 11 nGyh-1 at Bangalore (attributed to the presence of K-40). The digital topographic map and the data acquired from the radiation mapping are used to generate terrestrial radiation map. This radiation profile stored in the database can be used as reference while carrying out the impact assessment following any nuclear / radiological emergencies. These systems also help to tag the radiation levels along with positional coordinates online onto the GIS map of the area. GRaMS also demonstrated its capability for online transmission of the data to the centralized data acquisition Base Station located at nodal Emergency Response Centre (ERC) which enhances the quick decision making capability on the implementation of counter measures, whenever required. This paper discusses the selection and optimization of the monitoring systems required during any radiological emergencies, monitoring methodology to be adopted and the results of the monitoring exercises carried out at various cities of India i.e., Jaipur, Bangalore, Thiruvanathapuram, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Tarapur etc. The mobile monitoring methodology adopted and base line dose rate data generated for the major cities will be very useful during the assessment of impact, if required, during any radiological emergency scenario in the cities. (author)

329

Preparedness for response to the challenges from orphan sources: nationwide environmental radiation mapping with state of the art monitoring systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Based on the various international reports on orphan sources, the potential for radiological emergencies in public domain is recognized as a cause of concern. To detect the presence of any such orphan sources and to strengthen the preparedness for response to any radiological emergencies in public domain, a nationwide radiation mapping programme was initiated in India. Various radiation monitoring systems, few of them integrated with Global Positioning System (GPS) installed in mobile monitoring vans were used for this purpose. This monitoring also helped in generating the base line dose rate data of the cities and also in demonstrating the methodology of environmental monitoring for locating the presence of orphan sources, if any. During the detailed monitoring of various cities of the country, different systems such as GSM based Radiation Monitoring System (GRaMS), Compact Radiation Monitoring system, Portable Mobile Gamma Spectrometry System, Gamma Tracer System etc. installed in a vehicle were made to continuously acquire the data at a varying rate from 10 sec to 1 minute acquisition time. These systems can measure dose rate in the range of 0.01 - 100 ?Gy h-1 and can detect 7.4 MBq (200 ?Ci) of 60Co and 25 MBq (675 ?Ci) of 137Cs from a distance of 5 metre. Average dose rate recorded during these environmental monitoring was 81 ± 07 nGy h-1 with a maximum of 210 ± 11 nGyh-1 at Bangalore (attributed to the presence of K-40). The digital topographic map and the data acquired from the radiation mapping are used to generate terrestrial radiation map. This radiation profile stored in the database can be used as reference while carrying out the impact assessment following any nuclear / radiological emergencies. These systems also help to tag the radiation levels along with positional coordinates online onto the GIS map of the area. GRaMS also demonstrated its capability for online transmission of the data to the centralized data acquisition Base Station located at nodal Emergency Response Centre (ERC) which enhances the quick decision making capability on the implementation of counter measures, whenever required.This paper discusses the selection and optimization of the monitoring systems required during any radiological emergencies, monitoring methodology to be adopted and the results of the monitoring exercises carried out at various cities of India i.e., Jaipur, Bangalore, Thiruvanathapuram, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Tarapur etc. The mobile monitoring methodology adopted and base line dose rate data generated for the major cities will be very useful during the assessment of impact, if required, during any radiological emergency scenario in the cities. (author)

330

Moisture monitoring and control system engineering study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

During the past 50 years, a wide variety of chemical compounds have been placed in the 149 single-shell tanks (SSTS) on the Hanford Site. A concern relating to chemical stability, chemical control, and safe storage of the waste is the potential for propagating reactions as a result of ferrocyanide-oxidizer and organic-oxidizer concentrations in the SSTS. Propagating reactions in fuel-nitrate mixtures are precluded if the amounts of fuel and moisture present in the waste are within specified limits. Because most credible ignition sources occur near the waste surface, the main emphasis of this study is toward monitoring and controlling moisture in the top 14 cm (5.5 in.) of waste. The purpose of this engineering study is to recommend a moisture monitoring and control system for use in SSTs containing sludge and saltcake. This study includes recommendations for: (1) monitoring and controlling moisture in SSTs; (2) the fundamental design criteria for a moisture monitoring and control system; and (3) criteria for the deployment of a moisture monitoring and control system in hanford Site SSTs. To support system recommendations, technical bases for selecting and using a moisture monitoring and control system are presented. Key functional requirements and a conceptual design are included to enhance system development and establish design criteria

331

LTE-, 3G- ja GSM-tekniikan vertailu  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Työssä tarkastellaan puhelun välitystä eri tekniikoilla toteutetuissa mobiiliverkoissa. Suurin käytössä olevista verkosta on GSM-verkko. Tätä verrataan muihin verkkoihin, kuten UMTS- ja LTE- verkkoihin. GSM-verkon pääkomponentit ovat MSC/VLR, HLR ja BSC. UMTS-verkon pääkomponentit ovat MSC/VLR, HSS, RNC, SGSN ja GGSN. LTE-verkolla pääkomonentit ovat MME, SGW, PGW, HSS ja eNodeB. Työssä verrataan näiden verkkojen ja komponenttien eroja. Vertailtavia ominaisuuksia ovat mm. ...

Eloranta, Timo

2009-01-01

332

TLD personnel monitoring systems - the present situation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Following practical experience with the operation of a large scale TLD Personnel Monitoring Service during the last five years, the advantages and disadvantages of commercial automated TLD systems are discussed. Information is given about problems encountered during the operation of an automated TLD system, and their solutions. A comparison is made with a comparable film dosimetry system from practical and economic viewpoints. (author)

333

Monitoring systems for community water supplies  

Science.gov (United States)

Water monitoring system includes equipment and techniques for waste water sampling sensors for determining levels of microorganisms, oxygen, chlorine, and many other important parameters. System includes data acquisition and display system that allows computation of water quality information for real time display.

Taylor, R. E.; Brooks, R. R.; Jeffers, E. L.; Linton, A. T.; Poel, G. D.

1978-01-01

334

Achieving a "SIL 1" TCR Monitoring System  

CERN Document Server

SIL 1 (Safety Integrity Level 1) refers to the quantification and measurement of the availability, reliability, maintenance and safety of the monitoring system. In the last few years the computer infrastructure used to acquire and to diffuse data to the TCR has evolved very rapidly. A number of measures in hardware, software and management have been introduced to cope with this situation. These include: the Multipurpose Monitoring Device (MMD), a standard data acquisition platform used in the renovation of old front end monitoring equipment, the Smart Equipment Controller (Dsec), a driver that reduces the layers in the data diffusion pyramid, the multiplatform monitoring software to integrate the different SCADA systems, a software configuration tool (RAZOR) for problem tracking and version control, and a complete development environment reproducing a real installation for thorough testing of any changes. To achieve SIL 1 objectives, while mastering the evolution of our systems will be the challenge for the c...

Bartolomé, R; Scibile, L; Grau, S

2001-01-01

335

14 CFR 171.263 - Localizer automatic monitor system.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 false Localizer automatic monitor system. 171.263 Section 171... § 171.263 Localizer automatic monitor system. (a) The ISMLS localizer equipment must provide an automatic monitor system that transmits a...

2010-01-01

336

14 CFR 171.267 - Glide path automatic monitor system.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 false Glide path automatic monitor system. 171.267 Section 171...171.267 Glide path automatic monitor system. (a) The ISMLS glide path equipment must provide an automatic monitor system that transmits a...

2010-01-01

337

14 CFR 171.319 - Approach elevation monitor system requirements.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 false Approach elevation monitor system requirements. 171.319 Section...MLS) § 171.319 Approach elevation monitor system requirements. (a) The monitor system must act to ensure that any of...

2010-01-01

338

Configuration of risk monitor system by plant defense-in-depth risk monitor and reliability monitor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new method of risk monitor system of a nuclear power plant has been proposed from the aspect by what degree of safety functions incorporated in the plant system is maintained by multiple barriers of defense-in-depth (DiD). Wherein, the central idea is plant DiD risk monitor and reliability monitor derived from the five aspects of (1) design principle of nuclear safety based on DiD concept, (2) definition of risk and risk to be monitored, (3) severe accident phenomena as major risk, (4) scheme of risk ranking, and (5) dynamic risk display. In this paper, the overall frame of the proposed risk monitor system is summarized and the detailed discussion is made on major items such as definition of risk and risk ranking, anatomy of fault occurrence, two-layer configuration of risk monitor, how to configure individual elements of plant DiD risk monitor, and lastly how to apply for a PWR safety system. (author)

339

Remote monitoring system workshop and technical cooperation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

RMS workshop at the year focus on installing the material monioring system at technology lab. within TCNC. This system was developed by cooperative monitoring center(CMC) belonging to Sandia national lab. MMS consisted of data storage computer, data collection computer and easily connet to DCM-14 camera using monitoring the NPP by IAEA. The system run when the motion is catching and stroes the event data to MMS server. Also, the system communicate with the internet and then they access to check the event data only if the authencated person.

Kim, Jung Soo; Kwack, E. H.; Yoon, W. K.; Kim, J. S.; Cha, H. Y.; Na, W.W

2000-06-01

340

Remote monitoring system workshop and technical cooperation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

RMS workshop at the year focus on installing the material monioring system at technology lab. within TCNC. This system was developed by cooperative monitoring center(CMC) belonging to Sandia national lab. MMS consisted of data storage computer, data collection computer and easily connet to DCM-14 camera using monitoring the NPP by IAEA. The system run when the motion is catching and stroes the event data to MMS server. Also, the system communicate with the internet and then they access to check the event data only if the authencated person

 
 
 
 
341

Reliability of operating WWER monitoring systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The elaboration of WWER monitoring systems reliability measures is described in this paper. The evaluation is based on the statistical data about failures what have collected at the Ukrainian operating nuclear power plants (NPP). The main attention is devoted to radiation safety monitoring system and unit information computer system, what collects information from different sensors and system of the unit. Reliability measures were used for decision the problems, connected with life extension of the instruments, and for other purposes. (author). 6 refs, 6 figs

342

Autonomous Performance Monitoring System: Monitoring and Self-Tuning (MAST)  

Science.gov (United States)

Maintaining the long-term performance of software onboard a spacecraft can be a major factor in the cost of operations. In particular, the task of controlling and maintaining a future mission of distributed spacecraft will undoubtedly pose a great challenge, since the complexity of multiple spacecraft flying in formation grows rapidly as the number of spacecraft in the formation increases. Eventually, new approaches will be required in developing viable control systems that can handle the complexity of the data and that are flexible, reliable and efficient. In this paper we propose a methodology that aims to maintain the accuracy of flight software, while reducing the computational complexity of software tuning tasks. The proposed Monitoring and Self-Tuning (MAST) method consists of two parts: a flight software monitoring algorithm and a tuning algorithm. The dependency on the software being monitored is mostly contained in the monitoring process, while the tuning process is a generic algorithm independent of the detailed knowledge on the software. This architecture will enable MAST to be applicable to different onboard software controlling various dynamics of the spacecraft, such as attitude self-calibration, and formation control. An advantage of MAST over conventional techniques such as filter or batch least square is that the tuning algorithm uses machine learning approach to handle uncertainty in the problem domain, resulting in reducing over all computational complexity. The underlying concept of this technique is a reinforcement learning scheme based on cumulative probability generated by the historical performance of the system. The success of MAST will depend heavily on the reinforcement scheme used in the tuning algorithm, which guarantees the tuning solutions exist.

Peterson, Chariya; Ziyad, Nigel A.

2000-01-01

343

Intelligent Monitoring System Based on Embedded Web  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Arms with the information isolated island problem resulted from traditional data process that is difficult to integratevarious heterogeneous structures and applications, the paper proposes an intelligent monitoring system based on embedded Web. The paper takes the forecourt devices monitoring system of gas stations in oil products retail network for example to discuss the implement of intelligent monitoring system hased on embedded Web. The paper takes the forecourt devices monitoring system of gas stations in oil products retail network for example to discuss the implement of intelligent monitoring system based on embedded Web. The system adopts high performance Intel Xscale IXP-422 266 MHz RISC CPU as forecourt controller (FCC, and designs protocol transformation modules that can interpret the transformation between dispeonrser protocols and IFSF and realize the mutual operation between devices with IFSF and non-IFSF ones, so that these devices can carry on through communication each other. By basic test result has shown that the design is feasible. Convenient in realizing supervisor of system.

LI Ming

2009-06-01

344

A new infusion pathway intactness monitoring system.  

Science.gov (United States)

A new infusion pathway monitoring system has been developed for hospital and home use. The system consists of linear integrated circuits and a low-power 8-bit single chip microcomputer which constantly monitors the infusion pathway intactness. An AC (alternating current) voltage is induced on the patient's body by electrostatic coupling from the normal 100 volt, 60 Hz AC power line wiring field in the patient's room. The induced AC voltage can be recorded by a main electrode wrapped around the infusion polyvinyl chloride tube. A reference electrode is wrapped on the electrode to monitor the AC voltage around the main electrode. If the injection needle or infusion tube becomes detached, then the system detects changes in the induced AC voltages and alerts the nursing station, via the nurse call system or PHS (personal handy phone system). PMID:17945872

Ogawa, Hidekuni; Yonezawa, Yoshiharu; Maki, Hiromichi; Ninomiya, Ishio; Sata, Koji; Hamada, Shingo; Caldwell, W Morton

2006-01-01

345

Acoustic Flow Monitor System - User Manual  

Science.gov (United States)

INTRODUCTION The Acoustic Flow Monitor (AFM) is a portable system that was designed by the U.S. Geological Survey Cascades Volcano Observatory to detect and monitor debris flows associated with volcanoes. It has been successfully used internationally as part of real-time warning systems in valleys threatened by such flows (Brantley, 1990; Marcial and others, 1996; Lavigne and others, 2000). The AFM system has also been proven to be an effective tool for monitoring some non-volcanic debris flows. This manual is intended to serve as a basic guide for the installation, testing, and maintenance of AFM systems. An overview of how the system works, as well as instructions for installation and guidelines for testing, is included. Interpretation of data is not covered in this manual; rather, the user should refer to the references provided for published examples of AFM data.

LaHusen, Richard

2005-01-01

346

Power system monitoring and control  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The broad areas covered in the contributions to this conference are: integration and co-ordination of substation systems; applications of microprocessors in substations; alarm handling emergencies; distribution control and operation; simulators and training; security assessment and automatic generation control; and energy management systems. Separate abstracts were prepared for each contribution to these proceedings. (UK)

347

Computerized plutonium laboratory-stack monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory has recently designed and constructed a Plutonium Research and Development Facility to meet design criteria imposed by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration. A primary objective of the design criteria is to assure environmental protection and to reliably monitor plutonium effluent via the ventilation exhaust systems. A state-of-the-art facility exhaust air monitoring system is described which establishes near ideal conditions for evaluating plutonium activity in the stack effluent. Total and static pressure sensing manifolds are incorporated to measure average velocity and integrated total discharge air volume. These data are logged at a computer which receives instrument data through a multiplex scanning system. A multipoint isokinetic sampling assembly with associated instrumentation is described. Continuous air monitors have been designed to sample from the isokinetic sampling assembly and transmit both instantaneous and integrated stack effluent concentration data to the computer and various cathode ray tube displays. The continuous air monitors also serve as room air monitors in the plutonium facility with the primary objective of timely evacuation of personnel if an above tolerance airborne plutonium concentration is detected. Several continuous air monitors are incorporated in the ventilation system to assist in identification of release problem areas

348

Monitoring support system for nuclear power plant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The nuclear power plants in Japan reach to 49 plants and supply 41.19 million kW in their installed capacities, which is equal to about 31% of total electric power generation and has occupied an important situation as a stable energy supplying source. As an aim to keeping safe operation and working rate of the power plants, various monitoring support systems using computer technology, optical information technology and robot technology each advanced rapidly in recent year have been developed to apply to the actual plants for a plant state monitoring system of operators in normal operation. Furthermore, introduction of the emergent support system supposed on accidental formation of abnormal state of the power plants is also investigated. In this paper, as a monitoring system in the recent nuclear power plants, design of control panel of recent central control room, introduction to its actual plant and monitoring support system in development were described in viewpoints of improvement of human interface, upgrade of sensor and signal processing techniques, and promotion of information service technique. And, trend of research and development of portable miniature detector and emergent monitoring support system are also introduced in a viewpoint of labor saving and upgrade of the operating field. (G.K.)

349

Acoustic emission monitoring of composite containment systems  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper considers two different types of composite containment system, and two different types of acoustic emission (AE) monitoring approach. The first system is a composite reinforced pressure vessel (CRPV) which is monitored both during construction and in-service using a broadband modal acoustic emission (MAE) technique. The second system is a membrane cargo containment system which is monitored using both a global as well as a local AE technique. For the CRPV, the damage assessment is concerned mainly with the integrity of the composite outer layer at the construction stage, and possible fatigue cracking of the inner steel liner at the in-service stage. For the membrane tank, the damage assessment is concerned with locating and quantifying any abnormal porosities that might develop in-service. By comparing and contrasting the different types of structural system and different monitoring approaches inferences are drawn as to what role AE monitoring could take in the damage assessment of other types of composite containment system. (Detailed technical data have not been included, due to client confidentiality constraints.)

Maguire, John R, E-mail: john.maguire@lr.org [Lloyd' s Register EMEA, Technical Investigations (TID) 71 Fenchurch Street, London, EC3M 4BS (United Kingdom)

2011-07-19

350

An Automatic Monitor System for AIROF Microelectrodes.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present the design of an automatic electrode monitoring system for activated iridium oxide (AIROF) microelectrodes. It's a valuable piece of instrument in use in our laboratory to monitor the "health" of chronic implanted microelectrodes before neural stimulation or recording experiments. It is capable of automatically measuring electrode voltage and current of a large number of electrodes within minutes. It helped us identify some electrode degradation problems, which otherwise remained undetected would jeopardize the validity of neuroscience experiments that use these electrodes. So we strongly advocate the safe use of chronic microelectrodes by driving them within the water window and regularly monitoring their "health". PMID:17281987

Hu, Z; Troyk, P; Cogan, S

2005-01-01

351

Underground ventilation remote monitoring and control system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents the design and installation of an underground ventilation remote monitoring and control system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. This facility is designed to demonstrate safe underground disposal of U.S. defense generated transuranic nuclear waste. To improve the operability of the ventilation system, an underground remote monitoring and control system was designed and installed. The system consists of 15 air velocity sensors and 8 differential pressure sensors strategically located throughout the underground facility providing real-time data regarding the status of the ventilation system. In addition, a control system was installed on the main underground air regulators. The regulator control system gives indication of the regulator position and can be controlled either locally or remotely. The sensor output is displayed locally and at a central surface location through the site-wide Central Monitoring System (CMS). The CMS operator can review all sensor data and can remotely operate the main underground regulators. Furthermore, the Virtual Address Extension (VAX) network allows the ventilation engineer to retrieve real-time ventilation data on his personal computer located in his workstation. This paper describes the types of sensors selected, the installation of the instrumentation, and the initial operation of the remote monitoring system

352

Amplified OTDR Systems for Multipoint Corrosion Monitoring  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We present two configurations of an amplified fiber-optic-based corrosion sensor using the optical time domain reflectometry (OTDR technique as the interrogation method. The sensor system is multipoint, self-referenced, has no moving parts and can measure the corrosion rate several kilometers away from the OTDR equipment. The first OTDR monitoring system employs a remotely pumped in-line EDFA and it is used to evaluate the increase in system reach compared to a non-amplified configuration. The other amplified monitoring system uses an EDFA in booster configuration and we perform corrosion measurements and evaluations of system sensitivity to amplifier gain variations. Our experimental results obtained under controlled laboratory conditions show the advantages of the amplified system in terms of longer system reach with better spatial resolution, and also that the corrosion measurements obtained from our system are not sensitive to 3 dB gain variations.

Joaquim F. Martins-Filho

2012-03-01

353

Amplified OTDR systems for multipoint corrosion monitoring.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present two configurations of an amplified fiber-optic-based corrosion sensor using the optical time domain reflectometry (OTDR) technique as the interrogation method. The sensor system is multipoint, self-referenced, has no moving parts and can measure the corrosion rate several kilometers away from the OTDR equipment. The first OTDR monitoring system employs a remotely pumped in-line EDFA and it is used to evaluate the increase in system reach compared to a non-amplified configuration. The other amplified monitoring system uses an EDFA in booster configuration and we perform corrosion measurements and evaluations of system sensitivity to amplifier gain variations. Our experimental results obtained under controlled laboratory conditions show the advantages of the amplified system in terms of longer system reach with better spatial resolution, and also that the corrosion measurements obtained from our system are not sensitive to 3 dB gain variations. PMID:22737017

Nascimento, Jehan F; Silva, Marcionilo J; Coêlho, Isnaldo J S; Cipriano, Eliel; Martins-Filho, Joaquim F

2012-01-01

354

Electronics of LHCb calorimeter monitoring system  

CERN Document Server

All calorimeter sub-detectors in LHCb, the Scintillator Pad Detector (SPD), the Preshower detector (PS), the Electromagnetic Calorimeter (ECAL) and the Hadron Calorimeter (HCAL) are equipped with the Hamamatsu photomultiplier tubes (PMT) as devices for light to electrical signal conversion [1]. The PMT gain behaviour is not stable in a time, due to changes in the load current and due to ageing. The calorimeter light emitting diode (LED) monitoring system has been developed to monitor the PMT gain over time during data taking. Furthermore the system will play an important role during the detector commissioning and during LHC machine stops, in order to perform tests of the PMTs, cables and FE boards and measurements of relative time alignment. The aim of the paper is to describe the LED monitoring system architecture, some technical details of the electronics implementation based on radiation tolerant components and to summarize the system performance.

Konoplyannikov, A

2008-01-01

355

An integrated classifier for gear system monitoring  

Science.gov (United States)

A novel integrated classifier has been developed in this paper for real-time machinery health condition monitoring, specifically for gear systems. The diagnostic classification is performed by a neural fuzzy scheme; the diagnostic reliability is enhanced by integrating the (multi-step-ahead) future states of the dynamic system. An online hybrid training technique is adopted based on recursive Levenberg-Marquet and least-squares estimate (LSE) algorithms to improve the classifier convergence and adaptive capability to accommodate different machinery conditions. The viability of this new monitoring system is verified by experimental tests under different gear conditions. Test results show that the proposed integrated classifier provides a robust problem solving framework; it outperforms other related data-driven classification schemes, because of its efficient feature enhancement, formation integration, and system training. Furthermore, the integrated classifier has been implemented for condition monitoring in multistage printing machines; its effectiveness is verified by some primary application practices.

Wang, Wilson; Kanneg, Derek

2009-05-01

356

MINT centralized radiation monitoring system via ethernet  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Computer networking technologies allow user to receive data and other information easier and faster. This paper describes the development of centralized radiation monitoring system for monitoring of area radiation levels in various locations in MINT complex via Ethernet. The system utilizes a Local Area Network (LAN) known as MINT-NET as a communication media for data acquisition of the area radiation levels from radiation detectors. The development of the system involves system configuration, wiring and hardware installation, interface and software development. Apart from that data distribution package in a web form is also developed. Besides monitoring the area radiation levels in MINT centrally, additional features are developed for effective radiation level trend observation and studies. (Author)

357

Demonstration of expert systems in automated monitoring  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Reactor Systems Section of Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Instrumentation and Controls Division has been developing expertise in the application of artificial intelligence (AI) tools and techniques to control complex systems. One of the applications developed demonstrates the capabilities of a rule-based expert system to monitor a nuclear reactor. Based on the experience acquired with the demonstration described in this paper, a 2-yr program was initiated during fiscal year 1985 for the development and implementation of an intelligent monitoring adviser to the operators of the HFIR facility. The intelligent monitoring system will act as an alert and cooperative expert to relieve the operators of routine tasks, request their attention when abnormalities are detected, and provide them with interactive diagnostic aid and project action/effects information as needed or on demand

358

Modernization of WWER-1000 radiation monitoring systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A modernization scheme of the radiation monitoring system for WWER-1000 is proposed. It has a purpose to comply with international standards and to reduce operational and maintenance cost by deleting obsolete components and reducing the number of detector channels. Detailed layouts of I/C system architecture, digital radiation monitoring system (DRAMS) architecture and LRP block diagram are presented. If planned and implemented properly, this program can provide cost savings by reducing time required to access and display data and maintenance cost by deleting obsolete parts and decreasing the number of detector channels. 3 figs

359

The solidborne sound monitoring system KAP-80  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cases of damage due to loosened or loose parts in the primary circuit have repeatedly arisen both in operation and during commissioning of light water reactors. Loosened or loose parts can be detected through monitoring of solid-borne sound for typical impact and knocking sounds. The monitoring system KAP-80, which has been further developed in the Allianz Centre for Technology, offers the plant operator far-reaching decision, capability, not only through the display of signals from the data collection points, but in particular, because emphasis was placed upon computer-assisted evaluation of signals during development of the system. The technology, characteristics and operation of the system are described. (orig.)

360

INEL central alarm monitoring and assessment system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper concerns the design and development of a centrally located security monitoring and assessment system for processing alarms at several remote facilities. The system provides both live and recorded CCTV assessment of alarmed areas. Computer controlled video disc recordings are displayed on a color graphics monitor and an operator interacts through an overlying transparent touch panel. Computer generated messages are also displayed to assist and inform the operator. A bidirectional, frequency-multiplexed cable system provides digital alarm information, video control commands, and several channels of video from each remote facility

 
 
 
 
361

Embedded data acquisition system for neutron monitors  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents the design and implementation of a new data acquisition system to be used as replacement for the old ones that have been in use with neutron monitors for the last decades and, which are eventually becoming obsolete. This new system is also intended to be used in new installations, enabling these scientific instruments to use today's communication networks to send data and receive commands from the operators. This system is currently running in two stations: KIEL2, in the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany, and CALMA, in the Castilla-La Mancha Neutron Monitor, Guadalajara, Spain.

Población, Ó. G.; Blanco, J. J.; Gómez-Herrero, R.; Steigies, C. T.; Medina, J.; Tejedor, I. G.; Sánchez, S.

2014-08-01

362

Wireless Embedded System for Power Line Monitoring  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present day power systems combine various modes of generation, transmission and conversion. There is no unique system of monitoring the power frequency, faulted switching condition or the conversion switching phenomena. Major issue is the continuous isolation required for the measuring equipments. This paper describes a simple method to implement a wireless embedded system to continuously monitor the RMS current through the power line. A low data rate ZigBee (IEEE 802.15.4 based wireless transceiver is used for the wireless communication.

P.A. Abraham

2011-12-01

363

Water monitoring system of Lower Saxony  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Land of Lower Saxony started to establish a quality detection and monitoring system for larger surface waters. In addition, a radioactivity monitoring system has been set up for the purpose of supplying data for projects planned by the River Boards and for measures to be taken to fulfill national or international obligations. The system cover a variety of measuring stations where the data are obtained by continuous and manual sampling, laboratory tests of mixed samples, and by automatic measurement. These measurements are supplemented by individual sampling of suspended matter, sediments and organisms. (DG)

364

Development of the simulation monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Large-scale simulation technique is studied at the Center for Promotion of Computational Science and Engineering for the computational science research in nuclear fields. Visualization and animation processing techniques are developed for efficient understanding of simulation results. The development of the simulation monitoring system, which is used for real-time visualization of ongoing simulations or for successive visualization of calculated results, is described in this report. The standard visualization tool AVS5 or AVS/EXPRESS is used for the simulation monitoring system, and thus, this system can be utilized in various computer environments. (author)

365

Tritium monitor and collection system  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This system measures tritium on-line and collects tritium from a flowing inert gas stream. It separates the tritium from other non-hydrogen isotope contaminating gases, whether radioactive or not. The collecting portion of the system is constructed of various zirconium alloys called getters. These alloys adsorb tritium in any of its forms at one temperature and at a higher temperature release it as a gas. The system consists of four on-line getters and heaters, two ion chamber detectors, two collection getters, and two guard getters. When the incoming gas stream is valved through the on-line getters, 99.9% of it is adsorbed and the remainder continues to the guard getter where traces of tritium not collected earlier are adsorbed. The inert gas stream then exits the system to the decay chamber. Once the on-line getter has collected tritium for a predetermined time, it is valved off and the next on-line getter is valved on. Simultaneously, the first getter is heated and a pure helium purge is employed to carry the tritium from the getter. The tritium loaded gas stream is then routed through an ion chamber which measures the tritium activity. The ion chamber effluent passes through a collection getter that readsorbs the tritium and is removable from the system once it is loaded and is then replaced with a clean getter. Prior to removal of the collection getter, the system switches to a parallel collection getter. The effluent from the collection getter passes through a guard getter to remove traces of tritium prior to exiting the system. The tritium loaded collection getter, once removed, is analyzed by liquid scintillation techniques. The entire sequence is under computer control except for the removal and analysis of the collection getter.

Bourne, Gary L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Meikrantz, David H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Ely, Walter E. (Los Alamos, NM); Tuggle, Dale G. (Los Alamos, NM); Grafwallner, Ervin G. (Arco, ID); Wickham, Keith L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Maltrud, Herman R. (Los Alamos, NM); Baker, John D. (Blackfoot, ID)

1992-01-01

366

Simple and Cost Effective Environment Monitoring System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Monitoring Environmental factors such as temperature measurement, light intensity, relative humidity and air composition are not only important for industrial purposes but also a cause of growing concern in our day to day life. This paper documents a construction and working of a very simple, easy to use and cost effective Environment Monitoring system which runs on battery power. It is a basic model that monitors temperature in “Celsius” and Light Intensity in “Lumens”. It starts working as soon as it is switched on and continuously shows monitored data on a LCD screen and refreshes itself every five seconds. The main objective this project is to construct a simple and effective environment monitoring system for both industrial as well as day to day use for people. It uses two sensors which are LM35 IC for temperature monitoring and Voltage divider circuit of LDR for Light Intensity measurement. It also uses Arduino Uno board which has ATmega328 microcontroller for its functioning. Arduino acts as an interface between the sensors and LCD screen. This project is successfully implemented in hardware and works excellently. The temperature readings are precise and light intensity in lumens is accurate with a negligible error of ±10%. The system is cost effective as it uses very cheap sensors, is easy to make, highly portable and compact. This is highly beneficial for low cost industrial applications, travelling situations, outdoor conditions, basic military purposes and household applications.

Kunal Dhodapkar*1,

2014-02-01

367

Early failure monitoring systems for LWR operation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A survey is presented of the systems developed by the Kraftwerk Union for the monitoring of primary system integrity in nuclear power plants. The function of these systems is primarily based on the acquisition and evaluation of vibrations in frequency ranges between 10-1 and 106 Hz. The major overall concept is discussed and the individual systems are described with particular emphasis attached to currently pursued further developments. (author)

368

Reactivity monitoring in ADS systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Monitoring reactivity in an ADS should be performed on-line with a simple, accurate and robust technique. Within the range of experimental reactor techniques, no single technique can be selected which meet these requirements. Therefore a combination of different techniques has to be chosen in a way that various off-line techniques serve as a calibration for the on-line measurement technique. As an on-line measurement technique, the current/flux reactivity indicator is the most simple and robust solution. It is based on the fact that in a subcritical multiplying medium with a driving source the flux level is proportional to the driving source intensity, hence the beam current, and the reactivity level. However, since the proportionality constant depends on a number of core dependent parameters and detector characteristics, this current-to-flux indicator has to be calibrated on a regular basis. For this calibration, one could benefit from the occurrence of accelerator beam trips to determine the reactivity level in dollars by means of a prompt jump analysis of the flux level change. Hence, the prompt jump reactivity indicator could act as a first calibration tool of the current-to-flux indicator. Since the prompt jump indicator still relies on the value for the effective delayed neutron fraction to determine reactivity level, complementary techniques have to be used to obtain a more accurate determination of the reactivity. Techniques based on reactor noise methods such as RAPJA technique which is combination of the Rossi-alpha method and Prompt jump analysis can be used in this respect. In the future the bi-spectral ratio from the Cf - source driven noise analysis could be used for this purpose. (author)

369

Single-point energy usage monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Electrical energy price has been increasing over the years. Due to this reason, home users are getting more concern about the efficiency of the electrical appliances that they are using. The solution to this problem is to create an energy usage monitoring system that can monitor the energy used by electrical appliances. The objective of this research is to design and build a computer based energy monitoring system for a single electrical point. The system will be consisting of a computer, a data acquisition (DAQ) module, a voltage sensor and a current sensor. The software that will be used to design and build the computer interfacing software (virtual instrument software) is the LabVIEW graphical programming software by National Instrument Inc. The system is able to measure the source frequency, source voltage, current drown by the monitored device, real power, apparent power, power factor, phase shift between the voltage graph and the current graph (in both radiance and degree), kilo-Watt-hour reading, monitored device operation time (elapsed time) and cost of operation of the monitored device. The measured data will be presented in both graphical and numerical form. The system also has error detection capability (over voltage, voltage too low and over current detection) which will cut off the power supply when error is detected. The database of the system is able to store both measurement data and error report. This system is also remotely accessible by uis system is also remotely accessible by using the Windows Remote Desktop Connection software. (author)

370

PREGNANCY RISK ASSESSMENT MONITORING SYSTEM (PRAMS)  

Science.gov (United States)

PRAMS, the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, is an ongoing state-specific population based surveillance system of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state health departments designed to improve the health of mothers and infants by reducing adverse...

371

Monitoring and Technical Assistance Review System Notebook  

Science.gov (United States)

This notebook provides guidance on the Monitoring and Technical Assistance Review System (MTARS). The manual is intended for use by Administration on Developmental Disabilities (ADD) staff who manage MTARS and by MTARS reviewers who conduct site visit activities. The notebook is also designed to help Councils, Protection and Advocacy Systems, and…

Administration for Children & Families, 2008

2008-01-01

372

Coupling GSM/ALE with ES-FEM-T3 for fluid-deformable structure interactions  

Science.gov (United States)

In light of the effectiveness of the edge-based smoothed finite element method (ES-FEM-T3) and arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian gradient smoothing method (GSM/ALE) in, respectively, solving the pure solid and fluid flow problems using three-node triangular elements, they are coupled together in the present study to solve the more challenging fluid-deformable structure interaction (FSI) problems based on the weak coupling algorithm. Specifically, the fluid flow is tracked over the moving mesh with the well developed GSM/ALE and the transient response of the solid part is solved by the newly developed explicit ES-FEM-T3. The solutions from these two parts are “linked” together by the carefully formulated FSI coupling conditions on the FSI interface. Detailed procedures are summarized to illustrate the implementations of the GSM/ALE with ES-FEM-T3 in an FSI analysis. Three benchmarks are employed to validate the proposed coupled smoothed method in solving both transient and steady-state FSI problems. The mesh sensitivity analysis is further carried out showing that the results of an FSI system appear more sensitive to the change in the solid mesh as compared to the fluid mesh, thus suggesting a more refined mesh for the solid part. Another significant finding is that the present method can still produce reliable results even on the extremely distorted mesh near the FSI interface. The successful coupling GSM/ALE with ES-FEM-T3 for solving FSI problems serves as a good start for further implementing the family of smoothed methods in solving more complex cross-area problems.

Wang, S.; Khoo, B. C.; Liu, G. R.; Xu, G. X.; Chen, L.

2014-11-01

373

Gauging Systems Monitor Cryogenic Liquids  

Science.gov (United States)

Rocket fuel needs to stay cool - super cool, in fact. The ability to store gas propellants like liquid hydrogen and oxygen at cryogenic temperatures (below -243 F) is crucial for space missions in order to reduce their volumes and allow their storage in smaller (and therefore, less costly) tanks. The Agency has used these cryogenic fluids for vehicle propellants, reactants, and life support systems since 1962 with the Centaur upper stage rocket, which was powered with liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen. During proposed long-duration missions, super-cooled fluids will also be used in space power systems, spaceports, and lunar habitation systems. In the next generation of launch vehicles, gaseous propellants will be cooled to and stored for extended periods at even colder temperatures than currently employed via a process called densification. Densification sub-cools liquids to temperatures even closer to absolute zero (-459 F), increasing the fluid s density and shrinking its volume beyond common cryogenics. Sub-cooling cryogenic liquid hydrogen, for instance, from 20 K (-423 F) to 15 K (-432.4 F) reduces its mass by 10 percent. These densified liquid gases can provide more cost savings from reduced payload volume. In order to benefit from this cost savings, the Agency is working with private industry to prevent evaporation, leakage, and other inadvertent loss of liquids and gases in payloads - requiring new cryogenic systems to prevent 98 percent (or more) of boil-off loss. Boil-off occurs when cryogenic or densified liquids evaporate, and is a concern during launch pad holds. Accurate sensing of propellants aboard space vehicles is also critical for proper engine shutdown and re-ignition after launch, and zero boil-off fuel systems are also in development for the Altair lunar lander.

2009-01-01

374

Assessment of extremely low frequency magnetic field exposure from GSM mobile phones.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phones have received much attention, relatively little is known about the extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields emitted by phones. This paper summarises ELF magnetic flux density measurements on global system for mobile communications (GSM) mobile phones, conducted as part of the MOBI-KIDS epidemiological study. The main challenge is to identify a small number of generic phone models that can be used to classify the ELF exposure for the different phones reported in the study. Two-dimensional magnetic flux density measurements were performed on 47 GSM mobile phones at a distance of 25?mm. Maximum resultant magnetic flux density values at 217?Hz had a geometric mean of 221 (+198/-104)?nT. Taking into account harmonic data, measurements suggest that mobile phones could make a substantial contribution to ELF exposure in the general population. The maximum values and easily available variables were poorly correlated. However, three groups could be defined on the basis of field pattern indicating that manufacturers and shapes of mobile phones may be the important parameters linked to the spatial characteristics of the magnetic field, and the categorization of ELF magnetic field exposure for GSM phones in the MOBI-KIDS study may be achievable on the basis of a small number of representative phones. Such categorization would result in a twofold exposure gradient between high and low exposure based on type of phone used, although there was overlap in the grouping. PMID:24203762

Calderón, Carolina; Addison, Darren; Mee, Terry; Findlay, Richard; Maslanyj, Myron; Conil, Emmanuelle; Kromhout, Hans; Lee, Ae-kyoung; Sim, Malcolm R; Taki, Masao; Varsier, Nadège; Wiart, Joe; Cardis, Elisabeth

2014-04-01

375

Decision support system for structure synthesis of monitoring systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper is concerned with a structure synthesis of monitoring systems. In the article a decision support system for such synthesis was proposed and described. In the first phase of the process, the proposed classification of monitoring systems is used. Then adaptive algorithms, simulation and analytic modeling are used. The results of studies carried out by means of the proposed program are represented. The topicality of proposed approach was demonstrated. It should be mentioned, that algorithms were thoroughly described, the computing experiments were carried out. The authors believe that the proposed decision support system has many advantages and, consequently, is very useful in structure synthesis of monitoring systems.

Skatkov A. V.

2008-04-01

376

Remote container monitoring and surveillance systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aquila Technologies Group is developing a monitoring and surveillance system to monitor containers of nuclear materials. The system will both visually and physically monitor the containers. The system is based on the combination of Aquila's Gemini All-Digital Surveillance System and on Aquila's AssetLAN trademark asset tracking technology. This paper discusses the Gemini Digital Surveillance system as well as AssetLAN technology. The Gemini architecture with emphasis on anti-tamper security features is also described. The importance of all-digital surveillance versus other surveillance methods is also discussed. AssetLAN trademark technology is described, emphasizing the ability to continually track containers (as assets) by location utilizing touch memory technology. Touch memory technology provides unique container identification, as well as the ability to store and retrieve digital information on the container. This information may relate to container maintenance, inspection schedules, and other information. Finally, this paper describes the combination of the Gemini system with AssetLAN technology, yielding a self contained, container monitoring and area/container surveillance system. Secure container fixture design considerations are discussed. Basic surveillance review functions are also discussed

377

40 CFR 258.51 - Ground-water monitoring systems.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Ground-water monitoring systems. 258.51 Section...MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE LANDFILLS Ground-Water Monitoring and Corrective Action § 258.51 Ground-water monitoring systems. (a) A...

2010-07-01

378

An Efficient Network Monitoring and Management System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Large organizations always require fast and efficient network monitoring system which reports to the network administrator as soon as a network problem arises. This paper presents an effective and automatic network monitoring system that continuously monitor all the network switches and inform the administrator by email or sms when any of the network switch goes down. This system also point out problem location in the network topology and its effect on the rest of the network. Such network monitoring system uses smart interaction of Request Tracker (RT and Nagios softwares in linux environment. The network topology is built in Nagios which continuously monitor all of the network nodes based on the services defined for them. Nagios generates a notification as soon as a network node goes down and sends it to the RT software. This notification will generate a ticket in RT database with problematic node information and its effect on the rest of the network. The RT software is configured to send the ticket by email and sms to the network administrator as soon as it is created. If the administrator is busy at the moment and does not resolve the ticket within an hour, the same ticket is automatically sent to the second network responsible person depending upon the priority defined. Thus, all persons in the priority list are informed one by one until the ticket is resolved.

Rafiullah Khan

2013-01-01

379

Monitoring and diagnosis system based in agents  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This work, using the concept of agents, presents a generic model for a real time monitoring and diagnosing system and defines the agents necessary for the implementation of the monitoring and diagnosis of the system. The agents have a knowledge base that is configured by an application expert with the aid of a knowledge editor. The knowledge base implementation uses a simple, and efficient, knowledge representation structure and an inference engine able to support the monitoring and diagnosing tasks. To demonstrate the use of the model, we constructed and tested prototypes of agents to implement the fault analysis function of the Criteria Computer of the Angra 2 nuclear power plant. The results showed the viability of the use of the proposed model, indicating its potential use as a base of future nuclear power plants advisory systems. (author)

380

Blenddown monitoring system for HEU transparency  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The High Enriched Uranium (HEU) Purchase Agreement between the US and the Russian Federation (RF) provides for the monitoring of the blending of highly enriched uranium (500 metric tons) with low enrichment blend stock uranium (LEU) to produce commercial reactor-grade material for use in US reactors. A Blend Down Monitoring System (BDMS) has been developed by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to provide unattended monitoring of the HEU blending operations at the Russian facilities. It is configured to monitor the mass flow rate developed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and 235U isotopic enrichment developed by Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) of gaseous UF6 in three separate flow streams at a blending tee

 
 
 
 
381

A high reliability oxygen deficiency monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The escalating use of cryogens at national laboratories in general and accelerators in particular, along with the increased emphasis placed on personnel safety, mandates the development and installation of oxygen monitoring systems to insure personnel safety in the event of a cryogenic leak. Numerous vendors offer oxygen deficiency monitoring systems but fail to provide important features and/or flexibility. This paper describes a unique oxygen monitoring system developed for the Magnet Test Laboratory (MTL) at the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory (SSCL). Features include: high reliability, oxygen cell redundancy, sensor longevity, simple calibration, multiple trip points, offending sensor audio and visual indication, global alarms for building evacuation, local and remote analog readout, event and analog data logging, EMAIL event notification, phone line voice status system, and multi-drop communications network capability for reduced cable runs. Of particular importance is the distributed topology of the system which allows it to operate in a stand-alone configuration or to communicate with a host computer. This flexibility makes it ideal for small applications such as a small room containing a cryogenic dewar, as well as larger systems which monitor many offices and labs in several buildings

382

Remote System of Temperature Monitoring and Control  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a system capable of monitoring and control remotely the temperature of a physical space. This work was part of a final year graduation of the Industrial Informatics Course at the Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave. It was developed by an undergraduate student using a LabVIEW custom application with a methodology of on-off control. The local user can use a touch screen display to configure the system setpoint temperature and for overall monitoring. For remote access it can be used any device supporting LabVIEW environment.

Vítor Carvalho

2008-11-01

383

Infra sound monitoring system of nuclear explosions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Infra sound is a proven technique for detecting and locating atmospheric nuclear explosion. A properly designed system provides detection within a few hours, location accuracy of 100 km or better, and indication of yield in real-time, and capabilities of the unique event identification and classification events. The configuration of infra sound monitoring system of atmospheric nuclear explosions in Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, network design, small infrasonic signal detection and the accuracy of infrasonic location are given. It will make as good as possible for monitoring nuclear test in comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty

384

Online data quality monitoring system at BES ?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The online Data Quality Monitoring (DQM) tool plays an important role in the data recording process of HEP experiments. The BES ? DQM collects data from the online data flow, reconstructs them with offline reconstruction software and automatically analyzes the reconstructed data with user-defined algorithms. The DQM software is a scalable distributed system. The monitored results are gathered and displayed in various formats, which provides the shifter with current run information that can be used to identify problems quickly. This paper gives an overview of the DQM system at BES ?. (authors)

385

[Development of automatic urine monitoring system].  

Science.gov (United States)

An automatic urine monitoring system is presented to replace manual operation. The system is composed of the flow sensor, MSP430f149 single chip microcomputer, human-computer interaction module, LCD module, clock module and memory module. The signal of urine volume is captured when the urine flows through the flow sensor and then displayed on the LCD after data processing. The experiment results suggest that the design of the monitor provides a high stability, accurate measurement and good real-time, and meets the demand of the clinical application. PMID:24941774

Wei, Liang; Li, Yongqin; Chen, Bihua

2014-03-01

386

Data Center Equipment Location and Monitoring System  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract: Data center equipment location systems include hardware and software to provide information on the location, monitoring, and security of servers and other equipment in equipment racks. The systems provide a wired alternative to the wireless RFID tag system by using electronic ID tags connected to each piece of equipment, each electronic ID tag connected directly by wires to an equipment rack controller on the equipment rack. The equipment rack controllers link to a central control computer that provides an operator ...

Gorth, Noah Attend Systems

387

Execution monitoring for a mobile robot system  

Science.gov (United States)

Due to sensor errors, uncertainty, incomplete knowledge, and a dynamic world, robot plans will not always be executed exactly as planned. This paper describes an implemented robot planning system that enhances the traditional sense-think-act cycle in ways that allow the robot system monitor its behavior and react in emergencies in real-time. A proposal on how robot systems can completely break away from the traditional three-step cycle is also made.

Miller, David P.

1990-01-01

388

National Satellite Forest Monitoring systems for REDD+  

Science.gov (United States)

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) is an effort to create a financial value for the carbon stored in forests, offering incentives for developing countries to reduce emissions from forested lands and invest in low-carbon paths to sustainable development. "REDD+" goes beyond deforestation and forest degradation, and includes the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks. In the framework of getting countries ready for REDD+, the UN-REDD Programme assists developing countries to prepare and implement national REDD+ strategies. For the monitoring, reporting and verification, FAO supports the countries to develop national satellite forest monitoring systems that allow for credible measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of REDD+ activities. These are among the most critical elements for the successful implementation of any REDD+ mechanism. The UN-REDD Programme through a joint effort of FAO and Brazil's National Space Agency, INPE, is supporting countries to develop cost- effective, robust and compatible national monitoring and MRV systems, providing tools, methodologies, training and knowledge sharing that help countries to strengthen their technical and institutional capacity for effective MRV systems. To develop strong nationally-owned forest monitoring systems, technical and institutional capacity building is key. The UN-REDD Programme, through FAO, has taken on intensive training together with INPE, and has provided technical help and assistance for in-country training and implementation for national satellite forest monitoring. The goal of the support to UN-REDD pilot countries in this capacity building effort is the training of technical forest people and IT persons from interested REDD+ countries, and to set- up the national satellite forest monitoring systems. The Brazilian forest monitoring system, TerraAmazon, which is used as a basis for this initiative, allows countries to adapt it to country needs and the training on the TerraAmazon system is a tool to enhance existing capacity on carbon monitoring systems. The support with the National Forest Monitoring System will allow these countries to follow all actions related to the implementation of its national REDD+ policies and measures. The monitoring system will work as a platform to obtain information on their REDD+ results and actions, related directly or indirectly to national REDD+ strategies and may also include actions unrelated to carbon assessment, such as forest law enforcement. With the technical assistance of FAO, INPE and other stakeholders, the countries will set up an autonomous operational forest monitoring system. An initial version and the methodologies of the system for DRC and PNG has been launched in Durban, South Africa during COP 17 and in 2012 Paraguay, Viet Nam and Zambia will be launched in Doha, Qatar at COP 18. The access to high-quality satellite data for these countries is crucial for the set-up.

Jonckheere, I. G.

2012-12-01

389

Environmental radiation monitoring system with GPS (global positioning system)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This system combines a radiation monitoring car with GPS and a data processor (personal computer). It distributes the position information acquired through GPS to the data such as measured environmental radiation dose rate and energy spectrum. It also displays and edits the data for each measuring position on a map. Transmitting the data to the power station through mobile phone enables plan managers to easily monitor the environmental radiation dose rate nearby and proper emergency monitoring. (author)

390

An interactive beam position monitor system simulator  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A system simulator has been implemented to aid the development of the RHIC position monitor system. Based on the LabVIEW software package by National Instruments, this simulator allows engineers and technicians to interactively explore the parameter space of a system during the design phase. Adjustable parameters are divided into three categories: beam, pickup, and electronics. The simulator uses these parameters in simple formulas to produce results in both time-domain and frequencydomain. During the prototyping phase, these simulated results can be compared to test data acquired with the same software package. The RHIC position monitor system is presented as an example, but the software is applicable to several other systems as well

391

Radiation monitoring system based on Internet  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents concept and realization of the modern distributed radiation monitoring system. The system uses existing conventional computer network and it is based on the standard Internet technology. One personal computer (PC) serves as host and system server, while a number of client computers, link to the server computer via standard local area network (LAN), are used as distributed measurement nodes. The interconnection between the server and clients are based on Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). System software is based on server-client model. Based on this concept distributed system for gamma ray monitoring in the region of the Institute of Nuclear Sciences Vinca has been implemented. (author)

392

Advances in Integrated Vehicle Health Monitoring Systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One of the fastest growing fields of study in defense market currently is Integrated Vehicle Health Monitoring (IVHM. These systems perform collection and analysis of data concerning operating parameters and damage information of vehicles in real-time and periodically send them to the base station for appropriate action. Recent advances in materials and sensor networks and technologies promise development of such systems for land, water, and aerial vehicles. These IVHM systems are of immense use in defense services which require their vehicles and systems to operate normally even under hostile and harsh environments. This work will discuss various issues related to IVHMs and prominent sensor technologies available to build such systems. It will also include the structure of a general purpose IVHM of a vehicle which can be used to monitor its inner operating parameters and damage information of its components.

Debopam Acharya

2011-07-01

393

Development of a thermoluminescent personnel monitoring system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thermoluminescent personnel monitoring system has been developed by the Division of Radiological Protection, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Bombay. The system is presently in use for estimation of personnel doses of radiation workers of BARC, other units of the Department of Atomic Energy, and Defence medical units in India. The report gives salient features of the TLD personnel monitoring system. The report discusses design considerations of thermoluminescent dosimetry (TLD) badge for measurement of X and ?;, ? personnel exposures, a filter combination to compensate for energy dependence of the TLD disc and angular dependence of the badge. The badge reader incorporates a semiautomatic mechanical arrangement wherein the TLD cards are read, raising the heater after positioning the TLD discs one by one. Various figures illustrate the mechanical layouts and electronics circuits used in the system. Periodic quality assurance check of the system which ensures a good reproducibility, is also described. (author)

394

Wireless remote monitoring system for sleep apnea  

Science.gov (United States)

Sleep plays the important role of rejuvenating the body, especially the central nervous system. However, more than thirty million people suffer from sleep disorders and sleep deprivation. That can cause serious health consequences by increasing the risk of hypertension, diabetes, heart attack and so on. Apart from the physical health risk, sleep disorders can lead to social problems when sleep disorders are not diagnosed and treated. Currently, sleep disorders are diagnosed through sleep study in a sleep laboratory overnight. This involves large expenses in addition to the inconvenience of overnight hospitalization and disruption of daily life activities. Although some systems provide home based diagnosis, most of systems record the sleep data in a memory card, the patient has to face the inconvenience of sending the memory card to a doctor for diagnosis. To solve the problem, we propose a wireless sensor system for sleep apnea, which enables remote monitoring while the patient is at home. The system has 5 channels to measure ECG, Nasal airflow, body position, abdominal/chest efforts and oxygen saturation. A wireless transmitter unit transmits signals with Zigbee and a receiver unit which has two RF modules, Zigbee and Wi-Fi, receives signals from the transmitter unit and retransmits signals to the remote monitoring system with Zigbee and Wi-Fi, respectively. By using both Zigbee and Wi-Fi, the wireless sensor system can achieve a low power consumption and wide range coverage. The system's features are presented, as well as continuous monitoring results of vital signals.

Oh, Sechang; Kwon, Hyeokjun; Varadan, Vijay K.

2011-04-01

395

An Intelligent Monitor System for Gearbox Test  

Science.gov (United States)

We have developed an intelligent monitor system for gearbox test for a known automobile enterprise, aiming at gearbox test-online had been an important part of auto industry production pipeline. A test of automobile gearbox based on expert system, neural network and an alternating current motor was established. The design of the system could effectively improve the precision of control and information integrity. While it could reduce the energy economization compared to the regular one at the same time. Firstly, the architecture of the test system and the user interface are presented in this paper. Then the work principles of the system is described, at last the software structure is elaborated.

Zhang, Guangbin; Ge, Yunjian; Fang, Kai; Liang, Qiaokang

396

A Suppliers Monitoring System Utilizing Control Chart  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Because of the networking technologies progress made, and the collaboration theories developed, the relationship of suppliers and buyers is changed to a collaborative one nowadays. The performance of each member in a supply chain will affect the market competitiveness of the chain. Therefore, how to choose an appropriate collaborative partner becomes an important issue for the initiator of the supply chain. The performance quality of the supplier is the key factor of wining the competition in a market. If the performance quality of the supplier is good and stable, it can supply its downstream with sufficient quality resources and thus build competitive advantages. There are enterprises using information technology to assist the monitoring of the supply chain, from material flow to customer’s relationship. Information technologies, such as Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP, are employed to deal with the problem. Business transaction data, such as delivered quality, price, date, quantity, etc., can be saved in a database and then analyzed to form production policies. The aims of the research are to construct a framework of supplier monitoring information system and to propose a control-chart-based mechanism for monitoring the performance of suppliers in a business-to-business (B2B supply chain environment. The research uses the delivered quality, date, and quantity as the monitoring indexes, and adopts the concept of control chart to construct an information system that monitors business performances of suppliers in a real time manner.

Chyuan Perng

2004-03-01

397

REAL TIME WIRELESS AIR POLLUTION MONITORING SYSTEM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Air pollution has significant influence on the concentration of constituents in the atmosphere leading to effects like global warming and acid rains. To avoid such adverse imbalances in the nature, an air pollution monitoring system is utmost important. This paper attempts to develop an effective solution for pollution monitoring using wireless sensor networks (WSN on a real time basis namely real time wireless air pollution monitoring system. Commercially available discrete gas sensors for sensing concentration of gases like CO2, NO2, CO and O2 are calibrated using appropriate calibration technologies. These pre-calibrated gas sensors are then integrated with the wireless sensor motes for field deployment at the campus and the Hyderabad city using multi hop data aggregation algorithm. A light weight middleware and a web interface to view the live pollution data in the form of numbers and charts from the test beds was developed and made available from anywhere on the internet. Other parameters like temperature and humidity were also sensed along with gas concentrations to enable data analysis through data fusion techniques. Experimentation carried out using the developed wireless air pollution monitoring system under different physical conditions show that the system collects reliable source of real time fine-grain pollution data.

Raja Vara Prasad Y

2011-06-01

398

Monitor: a versatile remote handling system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

MONITOR, constructed from relatively cheap commercial components, is a straightforward, remotely operated handling system intended to work on components in the Clinton P. Anderson Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) external beam line or elsewhere. It can be towed or lifted into position, then hard-wire controlled from a distance, using television

399

A Prototype Wire Position Monitoring System  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Wire Position Monitoring System (WPM) will track changes in the transverse position of LCLS Beam Position Monitors (BPMs) to 1{micro}m over several weeks. This position information will be used between applications of beam based alignment to correct for changes in component alignment. The WPM system has several requirements. The sensor range must be large enough so that precision sensor positioning is not required. The resolution needs to be small enough so that the signal can be used to monitor motion to 1{micro}m. The system must be stable enough so that system drift does not mimic motion of the component being monitored. The WPM sensor assembly consists of two parts, the magnetic sensor and an integrated lock-in amplifier. The magnetic sensor picks up a signal from the alternating current in a stretched wire. The voltage v induced in the sensor is proportional to the wire displacement from the center of the sensor. The integrated lock-in amplifier provides a DC output whose magnitude is proportional to the AC signal from the magnetic sensor. The DC output is either read on a digital voltmeter or digitized locally and communicated over a computer interface.

Wang, Wei

2010-12-07

400

Harassment Monitoring System Using Android Smartphone  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we propose a system for monitoring harassment. It is essentially software installed on phone which informs the security (e.g. police and dear ones (e.g. parents with location details and seeking for help message. It posts the same details on server to notify public for help.

Shivu Gururaj, Dr. Raj Shekhar M Pati

2013-09-01

 
 
 
 
401

Diabetes monitoring system in The Netherlands.  

Science.gov (United States)

Under the aegis of the European Regional Offices of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) a joint action programme to contest the growing burden of diabetes has been drawn up. The St. Vincent Declaration (1980) specifies targets for diabetes care, the reduction of complications, the integration into society and the education of the diabetic individual. The WHO/IDF have drawn up a data set to monitor progress in reaching the targets of the St. Vincent Declaration. The objective of the project Diabetes Monitoring System is to examine the possibilities for implementing a longitudinal-based and standardised diabetes monitoring system in the Netherlands. Although computerised recording systems for diabetes are seldom used and the agreement with the WHO/IDF data set varies substantially, the willingness of physicians to participate is clearly sufficient. This principally explorative project will hopefully lead to the implementation of a monitoring system in which a widely accepted data set is recorded to establish improvements in quality of care and to perform epidemiological research. PMID:9015675

Ruwaard, D; Nijdam, K H; Heine, R J; Krans, H M; van Ooijen, J P; Storms, G E

1996-10-01

402

Criticality monitor for neutron multiplying system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For example, a nuclear fuel dissolving step of a nuclear fuel reprocessing facility comprises a neutron multiplying system containing fissionable materials. The monitor of the present invention monitors for preventing the neutron multiplying system reaching criticality. That is, two or more kinds of gamma ray detectors having different gamma energy detection performances are disposed on the side of the neutron multiplying system containing fissionable nuclides and neutron releasing nuclides therein. The ratio of signals sent from each of the detectors is compared in a calculation circuit. Then, when the ratio exceeds a predetermined level, an alarm or an alarm signal is generated for preventing the neutron multiplying system from reacting criticality. Gamma rays generated by nuclear fission or capturing reaction of fissionable materials has a higher energy compared with gamma rays due to decay of radioactive isotopes (RI). The monitor of the present invention utilizes the difference to monitor criticality by using two or more kinds of detectors having different performances. (I.S.)

403

Harassment Monitoring System Using Android Smartphone  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we propose a system for monitoring harassment. It is essentially software installed on phone which informs the security (e.g. police and dear ones (e.g. parents with location details and seeking for help message. It posts the same details on server to notify public for help.

Gagandeep Singh

2014-10-01

404

Harassment Monitoring System Using Android Smartphone  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper we propose a system for monitoring harassment. It is essentially software installed on phone which informs the security (e.g. police) and dear ones (e.g. parents) with location details and seeking for help message. It posts the same details on server to notify public for help.

Shivu Gururaj, Dr Raj Shekhar M. Patil

2013-01-01

405

Web Based Room Monitoring System Using Webcam  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A security has become very important along with the increasing number of crime cases. If some security system fails, there is a need for a mechanism that capable in recording the criminal act. Therefore, it can be used for investigation purpose of the authorities. The objective of this research is to develop a security system using video streaming that able to monitor in real-time manner, display movies in a browser, and record a video as triggered by a sensor. This monitoring system comprises of two security level camera as a video recorder of special events based on infrared sensor that is connected to a microcontroller via serial communication and camera as a real-time room monitor. The hardware system consists of infrared sensor circuit to detect special events that is serially communicated to an AT89S51 microcontroller that controls the system to perform recording process, and the software system consists of a server that displaying video streaming in a webpage and a video recorder. The software for video recording and server camera uses Visual Basic 6.0 and for video streaming uses PHP 5.1.6. As the result, the system can be used to record special events that it is wanted, and can displayed video streaming in a webpage using LAN infrastructure.

Tole Sutikno

2008-04-01

406

Monitoring System for Uninterruptible Power Supply  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In industrial process today, reliability of equipment is very important. Power supply must be able to cater the need of industrial process. In case of power failure, backup power supply system must be able to support the main process plant. This is to ensure smooth operation and product quality. In order to do this, uninterruptible power supply (UPS system can be used to ensure the reliability, stability and consistency of the entire system. This UPS system must be monitored in order to enable them to react accordingly in response to a fault or power failure. In this project, monitoring system for UPS was designed by using visual basic (VB to provide a safe and constant 12V DC supply in the case of power disruption. The main power supply, 240V AC was converted to 12V DC as output voltage and a battery will be used as part of the backup system. This system will be able to control the source of power which offers power from LIVE line or power from BATTERY line. The main output voltage was 12V DC and the battery level will be monitored using GUI software created using VB.

S. A.Z. Murad

2007-01-01

407

Design of a Monitoring System of Micro-Grid  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper describes a micro-grid system and its monitoring system. This micro-grid system consists of generation systems, consumer electrical equipments, auxiliary equipments and the monitoring system. All the equipments have 485 communication interfaces. In order to monitor and manage this micro-grid system, we built a monitoring system, which contains modular instrument system and industrial personal computer. In order to keep real time, we adopt some measures in software and hardware. We ...

Xiangyang Zhao; Shiyang Liu

2013-01-01

408

Network monitoring and analysis expert system  

Science.gov (United States)

The Space Flight Operations Center (SFOC) Network Monitoring and Analysis Tool (SNMAT), is a rule-based, prototype expert system designed to assist the operations personnel of the SFOC data system in monitoring the status of the network and in detecting and isolating network and system faults. The main objectives of this tool are: (1) to perform data analysis using advanced user interface techniques; (2) to provide expert advice for resolving network and system faults; and (3) to allow the use of the tool for training operations personnel. As long term benefits, it is anticipated that the tool will promote maximum usage of the network, reduce problem solving time, and assist in operator training. The functionality of the SNMAT program is described, along with some lessons learned through adapting artificial intelligence techniques to an operational environment.

Lee, Young H.

1990-01-01

409

Mobile Patient Monitoring: The Mobihealth System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The forthcoming wide availability of high bandwidth public wireless networks will give rise to new mobile healthcare services. To this end, the MobiHealth project has developed and trialed a highly customisable vital signs monitoring system based on a body area network (BAN) and a mobile-health (m-health) service platform utilising next generation public wireless networks. The developed system allows the incorporation of diverse medical sensors via wireless connections, and the live transmiss...

Halteren, Aart; Bults, Richard; Wac, Katarzyna; Konstantas, Dimitri; Widya, Ing; Dokovski, Nikolay; Koprinkov, George; Jones, Val; Herzog, Rainer

2004-01-01

410

Versatile mobile lidar system for environmental monitoring  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A mobile lidar (light detection and ranging) system for environmental monitoring is described. The optical and electronic systems are housed in a truck with a retractable rooftop transmission and receiving mirror, connected to a 40-cm-diameter vertically looking telescope. Two injection-seeded Nd:YAG lasers are employed in connection with an optical parametric oscillator-optical parametric amplification transmitter, allowing deep-UV to mid-IR wavelengths to be generated. Fast switching that e...

Weibring, Petter; Edner, Hans; Svanberg, Sune

2003-01-01

411

Automated TLD system for gamma radiation monitoring  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A gamma radiation monitoring system utilizing a commercially available TLD reader and unique microcomputer control has been built to assess the external radiation exposure to the resident population near a nuclear weapons testing facility. Maximum use of the microcomputer was made to increase the efficiency of data acquisition, transmission, and preparation, and to reduce operational costs. The system was tested for conformance with an applicable national standard for TLD's used in environmental measurements

412

Design challenges of implantable pressure monitoring system  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pressure in various organs and body parts, such as blood vessels, heart, brain, eyes, bladder and GI tracts, is an important indication of health. Long term, continuous pressure monitoring is critically needed for a number of applications. When combined with existing neuro-prosthetics devices, they may provide better solutions to many neural disorders. First efforts toward a long term implantable pressure-monitoring system were initiated more than forty years ago. However, a reliable, safe and implantable pressure sensor for long-term applications is not yet commercially available. This paper attempts to reveal the design challenges associated with the development of a long-term implantable pressure sensor.

GuangqiangJiang

2010-02-01

413

Advanced Risk Management and Monitoring System, ARMMS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Many risk informed regulation and applications (RIR and A) are approved and used for the nuclear power plants(NPPs), and more RIR and A will be actively applied in Korea. Also, since Korean NPPs are recently exported to other country such as UAE, RIR and A would be applied to the exported NPPs. Thus, a tool which will help the user apply RIR and A is required. KAERI is