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Sample records for gsm monitoring system

  1. CERN GSM monitoring system

    Ghabrous Larrea, C

    2009-01-01

    As a result of the tremendous development of GSM services over the last years, the number of related services used by organizations has drastically increased. Therefore, monitoring GSM services is becoming a business critical issue in order to be able to react appropriately in case of incident. In order to provide with GSM coverage all the CERN underground facilities, more than 50 km of leaky feeder cable have been deployed. This infrastructure is also used to propagate VHF radio signals for the CERN’s fire brigade. Even though CERN’s mobile operator monitors the network, it cannot guarantee the availability of GSM services, and for sure not VHF services, where signals are carried by the leaky feeder cable. So, a global monitoring system has become critical to CERN. In addition, monitoring this infrastructure will allow to characterize its behaviour over time, especially with LHC operation. Given that commercial solutions were not yet mature, CERN developed a system based on GSM probes and an application...

  2. GSM & web-based flood monitoring system

    Pagatpat, J. C.; Arellano, A. C.; Gerasta, O. J.

    2015-06-01

    The purpose of this project is to develop a local real-time river flood monitoring and warning system for the selected communities near MandulogRiver. This study focuses only on the detection and early warning alert system (via website and/or cell phone text messages) that alerts local subscribers of potential flood events. Furthermore, this system is interactive wherein all non-registered subscribers could inquire the actual water level of the desired area location they want to monitor. An estimated time a particular river waterway will overflow is also included in the analyses. The hardware used in the design is split into several parts namely: the water level detector, GSM module, and microcontroller development board.

  3. GSM Base Stations Location Monitoring using Geographic Information System

    Kuboye B. M.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM is a digital system developed to meet the desires of the entire public. As the population of a particular area, city or country increases, the number of mobile subscribers increases too. GSM network operators have to reduce congestion on their networks in order to satisfy their subscribers, therefore, a means of monitoring the base stations' locations and the geographical area of where they are located are important factor to achieve this purpose. This work provides a simple step-by-step approach on how to monitor the location of the base stations. A review of GSM and Global Positioning System (GPS technology and their applications to the Geographic Information System (GIS are presented. The means of taken the coordinates of base stations using a GPS device is also presented. ESRI's ArcView application software was used to design the map that shows the location of the base station and thereafter was integrated into the web. It concluded with the recommendation to GSM operators in Nigeria. If the recommendations are given necessary attention, the planning and optimization of cell sites will be enhanced and thereby reduce congestion on network. As a result, the performance of Network will improve, and it will give rise to subscribers' satisfaction and increasing profit returns to the operators.

  4. Industrial Pollution Monitoring System Using Labview And Gsm

    PRAVIN J, DEEPAK SANKAR A, ANGELINE VIJULA D

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The majority applications of pollution monitoring systems are in industries. The control of the parameters which causes pollution and deteriorates the industrial and natural environment pattern is a great challenge and has received interest from industries especially in Petro chemical industries, Paper making industries, Water treatment industries and Sugar manufacturing industries. The main objective of our project is to design an efficient and robust system to control the parameters causing pollution and to minimize the effect of these parameters without affecting the plant or natural environment. The proposed methodology is to model a system to read and monitor pollution parameters and to inform pollution control authorities when any of these factors goes higher than industry standards. A mechanism using GSM and LabVIEW is introduced in this proposed methodology, which will automatically monitor when there is a disturbance affecting the system. The system is implemented using LabVIEW software. The system investigates level of pH in industry effluents, level of CO gas released during industry process and temperature of the machineries. With the design of GSM, the signals can be effectively transferred and the actions in these cases can still be made accurate and effective. Thus through this project we try to prove that control of pollution can be computed and the data can be transferred online. Our proposed method is more accurate to derive the desired parameters. LabVIEW is the powerful and versatile programming language for operating and controlling the pollution monitoring system and GSM is suitable for interactive environment for signal transfer.

  5. GSM based real time remote radiation monitoring and mapping system

    Mobile Radiological Impact Assessment Laboratory (M-RIAL) has been developed in Radiation Safety Systems Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre for carrying out assessment of radioactive contamination following a nuclear or radiological emergency in a nuclear facility or in public domain. During such situations a large area is to be monitored for radiological impact assessment and availability of the monitored data in real-time to a control centre is a great advantage for the decision makers. Development and application of such a system has been described in this paper. The system can transmit real-time radiological data, acquired by the universal counting system of M-RIAL and tagged with positional information, wirelessly to an Emergency Response Centre (ERC) using Global System for Mobile (GSM) communication. The radiological profile of the affected area is then superimposed on Geographical Information System (GIS) at the ERC and which can be used for the generation of radiological impact maps for use as decision support

  6. Remote Monitoring for Solar Photovoltaic Systems in Rural Application Using GSM Network

    Ahmad, Tanveer; Hasan, Qadeer Ul; Malik, A.; Awan, N. S.

    2015-10-01

    This paper presents design and development of solar power monitoring and control through GSM network in rural application. This system includes a GSM mobile and GSM hardware installed at solar system with 12VDC power for solar power monitoring along with temperatures (ambient and battery). This system is designed to conceptualizing how much solar power transferred to batteries and temperature conditions for that instant of time. Hardware is developed for the continuous update to the targeted station using GSM. The developed hardware gets the signal from the installed location calculate the real time power and temperature parameters. This information transferred to targeted mobile station through GSM interface using texting service (SMS). At the receiving end, power monitoring system is used to maintain the power to batteries profile locally. An easy, cost proficient and consistent working model of whole system has been developed which may be incorporated for data acquisition. Also the same system can use for uninterrupted power supply (UPS) systems.

  7. Automated Measurement and Monitoring of the Electromagnetic Fields from GSM Systems

    Eduard Lunca

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of the present study is to introduce a virtual instrumentation system for automated characterization of the electromagnetic fields generated by GSM systems. The system consists of calibrated antennas, remotely controlled spectrum analyzer with USB connectivity and dedicated LabVIEW software for data transfer, processing, analysis and monitoring. Primarily intended to determine the RF fields from GSM base stations, it can also be used for investigating the RF exposure from other communication technologies.

  8. Automated Measurement and Monitoring of the Electromagnetic Fields from GSM Systems

    Eduard Lunca; Alexandru Salceanu; Silviu Ursache

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of the present study is to introduce a virtual instrumentation system for automated characterization of the electromagnetic fields generated by GSM systems. The system consists of calibrated antennas, remotely controlled spectrum analyzer with USB connectivity and dedicated LabVIEW software for data transfer, processing, analysis and monitoring. Primarily intended to determine the RF fields from GSM base stations, it can also be used for investigating the RF exposure from o...

  9. Temperature Monitoring System Of Conductors Based On GSM SMS And Zigbee

    Y.Viswanatha Reddy

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Temperature Monitoring System of Conductors based on GSM SMS and Zigbee is produced in this paper. The temperature of conductors can be monitored in real-time and some accidents caused by the increased temperature can be avoided. The principle and the feature of ARM7, GSM SMS and Zigbee communication are analyzed The construction of this system is outlined, and the force modal of calculating the variety of the sag due to the increased temperature of conductors is built. The ARM7 is a general purpose 32-bit microprocessor, which offers high performance and very low power consumption. The ARM architecture is based on Reduced Instruction Set Computer. GSM is a global digital mobile communication system.GSM SMS is a kind of short message service, by which the limited data or text message can be transmitted. Zigbee is a free open source protocol which can be used for wireless applications. Using this protocol overall development cost can be reduced. Using this application engineers can easily calculate the variations in conductors due to change in temperature. This paper will provide block diagram and its detail applications and hardware and software requirement for developing this application.

  10. GSM BASED TELEALERT SYSTEM

    Prerana G. Patil

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Telemedicine is widely considered to be part of the inevitable future of the modern practice of medicine. It is gaining more and more momentum as a new approach for patients surveillance outside of hospitals (at home. Nowadays people are more aware of the health conditions. Homecare is the provision of health care services to patients in their own home. One of the main purposes of homecare telemedicine is to develop a wireless, lowcost and use-friendly system. This proposed system tests the health conditions of an individual by measuring his/her blood pressures, heart rate and temperature using Blood pressure monitor device, Heart beat sensor, Temperature sensor respectively. Monitoring health parameters get display on LCD, and if these monitoring parameters enter in critical section then these parameters send through an alert SMS. SMS can be transmitted using the GSM technology to the doctor and advises can be sought for saving the life of the patient.

  11. Industrial Pollution Monitoring System Using Labview And Gsm

    PRAVIN J, DEEPAK SANKAR A, ANGELINE VIJULA D

    2013-01-01

    The majority applications of pollution monitoring systems are in industries. The control of the parameters which causes pollution and deteriorates the industrial and natural environment pattern is a great challenge and has received interest from industries especially in Petro chemical industries, Paper making industries, Water treatment industries and Sugar manufacturing industries. The main objective of our project is to design an efficient and robust system to control the parameters causing...

  12. Development of a Low-Cost GSM SMS-Based Humidity Remote Monitoring and Control system for Industrial Applications

    Dr.B.Ramamurthy; S.Bhargavi2; Dr.R.ShashiKumar

    2010-01-01

    The paper proposes a wireless solution, basedon GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication)networks [1] for the monitoring and control of humidity inindustries. This system provides ideal solution for monitoringcritical plant on unmanned sites. The system is Wireless [2]therefore more adaptable and cost-effective. UtilizingHumidity sensor HSM-20G, ARM Controller LPC2148 andGSM technology this system offers a cost effective solution towide range of remote monitoring and control applications.H...

  13. Development of a GSM based radiation monitoring system (GRaMS)

    Real-time measurements and the quick analysis of the data are of crucial importance during a radiological or nuclear emergency. To develop a timely response capability, the Radiation Safety Systems Division has launched a project to develop an advanced online measurement system for use in different threat scenarios, such as the release of radioactive materials to the environment during any nuclear or radiological accident. In order to meet this requirement a Global system for Mobile (GSM) based Radiation Monitoring system is designed and tested on field. It uses an energy compensated GM detector and is attached with commercially available Global Positioning System (GPS) for online acquisition of positional coordinates with time, and GSM modem for online data transfer. The equipment can be operated continuously while the vehicle is moving. The system is designed to provide measurement information, either raw data or analysis results, to the local database or to a remote database through a communication link. The system consumes ∼ 250 mA including the GPS and GSM enabling ∼ 30 hours of continuous radioactivity monitoring with a 12 Ah battery source. The system has been used in road based environmental radiation surveys carried out at various part of the country. With PC support, the system can map the radiological status online onto the map of the area being surveyed, to help decision-making on countermeasures during the survey and sending the online data at a remote station to enable the emergency managers to take appropriate decision. (author)

  14. Key technologies of the server monitor and control system based on GSM short messages

    The network management based on SNMP protocol cannot effectively monitor and control application-system states and key-process states on the computer server. Furthermore, it needs the administrator's longtime surveillance. When the administrator leaves the computer, he can't receive the malfunction message in time. In this paper we present a server monitor and control system based on monitor agents and GSM short messages, introduce the key technology to realize it, and implement a model system in the real network environment. (authors)

  15. GSM Based Smart Street Light Monitoring and Control System

    Omkar Natu

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A Street light, lamppost, street lamp, light standard, or lamp standard is a raised source of light on the edge of a road or walkway, which is turned on or lit at a certain time every night. Major advantages of street lighting includes: prevention of accidents and increase in safety. Studies have shown that darkness results in a large number of crashes and fatalities, especially those involving pedestrians; pedestrian fatalities are 3 to 6.75 times more likely in the dark than in daylight. Street lighting has been found to reduce pedestrian crashes by approximately 50%.A number of street light control systems have been developed to control and reduce energy consumption of a town's public lighting system. These range from controlling a circuit of street lights and/or individual lights with specific ballasts and network operating protocols. These may include sending and receiving instructions via separate data networks, athigh frequency over the top of the low voltage supply or wireless. Various protocols have been developed as well as compatible hardware for most types of lighting. The control center will deal with thedata so that it can know the situation of each streetlight. According to the result the control center gives orders to each streetlight to control the switch state and illumination of them [1]-[2].

  16. Remote monitoring of solar PV system for rural areas using GSM, V-F & F-V converters

    Tejwani, R.; Kumar, G.; Solanki, C. S.

    2016-05-01

    The Small capacity photovoltaic (PV) systems like solar lantern and home lighting systems installed in remote rural area often fail without any prior warning due to lack of monitoring and maintenance. This paper describes implementation of remote monitoring for small capacity solar PV system that uses GSM voice channel for communication. Through GSM analog signal of sine wave with frequency range 300–3500 Hz and amplitude range 2.5–4 V is transmitted. Receiver is designed to work in the same frequency range. The voltage from solar PV system in range of 2 to 7.5 V can be converted to frequency directly at the transmitting end. The frequency range from 300–6000 Hz can be sensed and directly converted to voltage signal at receiving end. Testing of transmission and reception of analog signal through GSM voice channel is done for voltage to frequency (V-F) and frequency to voltage (F-V) conversions.

  17. GSM Based Telemetry System

    Tanvi G.Badheka

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this modern lifestyle most of the people are suffering from cardiac diseases. They have to stay at hospital under observation. In this thesis we propose a GSM based telemetry system .It has been proved as boon for both doctors and patients. Patients can remain at home and enjoy family life while doctor can also examined data of ECG and temperature of the patient every one hour in his/her mobile phone via messages .The values of ECG and temperature in mille volts and temperature respectively. Data will be transmitted anywhere around the globe where there is 2G network coverage.

  18. Gsm Based Embedded System for Remote Laboratory Safety Monitoring and Alerting

    V.Ramya

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to modify an existing safety and security model for the environment of educationalinstitutions and in home. The aim of this project is to design an embedded system for remote monitoringof the laboratory environment. Nowadays remote monitoring the laboratory and its building is necessaryfor safety and security purpose, which also help us to know the environmental status of the laboratory.The environmental parameters inside the laboratory, such as presence of alcohol, gas and fire can bedetected using respective sensors and the sensed data are then transferred to the microcontroller. Themicrocontroller takes the control action of activating an alarm whenever the presence of theseparameters is found. In turn, the Voice alarm and alert message as SMS through GSM are also sent tothe remote area. The advantage of this automated detection and alarm system is that, it offers fasterresponse time and accurate detection during an emergency. Our experimental results show that, thesystem provides safe and secure remote monitoring of the environment in laboratories and it has highreliability and easy to implement a system like this wherever needed.

  19. Development of a Low-Cost ZIGBEE and GSM SMS-Based Conductor Temperature and Sag Monitoring System

    M.V.VIJAYA SARADHI; Nagaraju, S.

    2010-01-01

    This paper deals with the design, construction, instrumentation and testing of a GSM and ZIGBEE based monitoring system for the measurement of Overhead High Voltage (HV) Conductor Temperature and Sag. The main advantage of this concept is the real time direct measurement of the parameters (i.e., conductor sag and temperature) needed for the operation of the transmission system without intermediate measurement of conductor tension and ambient weather conditions, by which the temperature contro...

  20. GSM Based Vehicle Security System

    Rinju Dutta

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Wireless communication has announced its arrival on big stages and world is going mobile. We want to control everything without moving an inch. This remote controlling of appliances is possible through Embedded Systems. The use of “Embedded System in communication” has given rise to many interesting applications that ensures comfort and safety to human life. The main aim of the project is to design a GSM based Vehicle Security device that provide security to the vehicle. It is proposed to provide security depending on received SMS from the Owner of the Vehicle. The microcontroller receives the SMS with the help of GSM modem through serial communication.

  1. GPS – GSM Based Tracking System

    Abid khan , Ravi Mishra

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This proposed work is an attempt to design a tracking unit that uses the global positioning system to determine the precise location of a object, person or other asset to which it is attached and using GSM modem this information can be transmit to remote user. It can provide tele-monitoring system for inter-cities transportation vehicles such as taxis and buses. This system contains single-board embedded system that is equipped with GPS and GSM modems along with ARM processor that is installed in the vehicle. During object motion, its location can be reported by SMS message. A software package is developed to read, process, analyze and store the incoming SMS messages. The use of GSM and GPS technologies allows the system to track object and provides the most up-to-date information about ongoing trips. If a password like SMS is sent by the owner, it automatically stops the vehicle or we can use it for different other work, it can provide real time control. Thissystem finds its application in real time traffic surveillance. It could be used as a valuable tool for real time traveler. The current system can be able to provide monitoring process from anywhere. The purpose of this system is to design and integrate anew system which is integrated with GPS- GSM to provide following feature: a Location information, b Real time tracking using SMS, c track bus driver activity d Communication is instantaneous therefore we can receive running report quickly. It is completely integrated so that once it is implemented in all vehicles, then it is easy to track vehicles any time.

  2. Switching Of Security Lighting System Using Gsm

    Bakare, B. I

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows how ATMEGA168 microcontroller can be used to remotely control security lighting via Short Message Service (SMS from a Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM phone anywhere outside the home. A Mobile phone is configured to transmit SMS signal to a home-based GSM modem. The GSM Modem then sends the received SMS to a ATMEGA168 microcontroller. The Microcontroller accesses the received SMS and Changes the State of the appliances if the received signal aggresses with a pre - set code. When this is done, the microcontroller then sends signal to the GSM modem which in turn send back a reply to the mobile phone via SMS. The system utilizes a LCD display with resolution of 96*64 using PCD8544 Driver/Controller to display the ON/OFF state of the lighting device.

  3. GSM-Controllable Power Switch System for Industrial Power Management

    Koti Reddy1 Fhad Althobeti 2 Dr. Md. Ali Hussain3 Ravindra Reddy

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we describe the GSM Power-Controlled Outlet System (GPCOS with a scalable mechanism for industrial power management. The GPCOS integrates the multiple AC power points and a simple low-power microcontroller into a power outlet to switch the power of the sockets ON/OFF and to measure the power consumption of plugged electric industry appliances. Our GPCOS consists of four scalable modules, that is, the Essential Control Module,the GSM Module, the Ethernet Module and the Power Measuring Module, which together provide an outdoor remote control and monitor of electric industrial appliances. We use a Short Message Service to achieve control and monitoring through a GSM cellular mobile phone for remote use anytime and anywhere.

  4. Intelligent Polling System Using GSM Technology

    Hemlata Sahu

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Voting is the foundation of a democratic system of government, whether the system uses direct or representative governance. To increase the efficiency and accuracy of voting procedures, computerized voting systems were developed to help collecting and counting the votes. For a variety of reasons, voters may be unable to attend voting booths physically, but need to vote remotely, for example, from home or while traveling abroad. Hence, there is great demand for remote voting procedures that are easy, transparent, and, most importantly, secure. Numerous electronic voting schemes have been proposed in the past, but most of them have failed to provide voter authentication in an efficient and transparent way. On the other hand, GSM (Global System for Mobile communications is the most widely used mobile networking standard. In this paper, an polling scheme using GSM mobile technology is presented. By integrating an electronic voting scheme with the GSM infrastructure.

  5. Smart Vehicle With Gsm Alert System

    Kashish.Makhijani

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Smart vehicle with GSM alert system is a GPS tracking system which is required in many situations like in case of car theft detection. In an approximate survey, a huge number of vehicles are being theft in a month, and out of that, only a little number of vehicles are tracked, often in an-roadworthy conditions, with many components missing. So we decided our project on smart vehicle tracking system. In this project vehicle’s position is tracked using GPS module. Using a microcontroller and GSM, real time position of the vehicle is send to owner’s mobile. This system will protect user’s vehicle from theft. In case of stolen vehicle user can shut down engine by sending command to controller. Components in this system are GPS module, Microcontroller, GSM module, Accelerometer sensors. GPS module will send coordinates to the microcontroller. Microcontroller then sends this data to the user in text message via GSM module. This text message contains longitude and latitude of the location. By this system user can get minute-by-minute updates about vehicle location. We have added an additional feature with the vehicle tracking system that is the “Accident alert system”. This system works such as airbag sensor’s which are present in vehicles named as accelerometer sensors. This sensor’s, senses sudden vibration and sends the location to the user’s family members with an alert message. So in all the system is named as “SMART VEHICLE WITH GSM ALERT SYSTEM”.

  6. Turbo-Detection for GSM-Systems

    Franz, Volker

    2007-01-01

    In this work the benefits and the limits of turbo-detection for GSM-systems are examined. Turbo-detection applies the turbo-principle to iterative equalization and decoding. The channel encoder and the transmission channel are regarded as a serial concatenation of convolutional codes, and hence, can be iteratively decoded. Since turbo-detection requires modifications of the transmission only at the receiver, it can be adopted to existing mobile radio systems without any amendment of the trans...

  7. WIRELESS ACCIDENT INFORMATION SYSTEM USING GSM AND GPS

    R.RATHINAKUMAR

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses about designing a Smart Display and Control [SDC] which will monitor the zone and maintains the specified speed in the zone levels, which runs on an embedded system. This system includes three modules; automatic speed control module, accident detection and information sending module and security enabling module. Automatic speed control module includes RF transmitter placed in specific location and RF receiver in the vehicle. Accident detection module includes GSM and GPS ...

  8. Tracking Vehicle in GSM Network to Support Intelligent Transportation Systems

    Koppanyi, Z.; Lovas, T.; Barsi, A.; Demeter, H.; Beeharee, A.; Berenyi, A.

    2012-07-01

    The penetration of GSM capable devices is very high, especially in Europe. To exploit the potential of turning these mobile devices into dynamic data acquisition nodes that provides valuable data for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), position information is needed. The paper describes the basic operation principles of the GSM system and provides an overview on the existing methods for deriving location data in the network. A novel positioning solution is presented that rely on handover (HO) zone measurements; the zone geometry properties are also discussed. A new concept of HO zone sequence recognition is introduced that involves application of Probabilistic Deterministic Finite State Automata (PDFA). Both the potential commercial applications and the use of the derived position data in ITS is discussed for tracking vehicles and monitoring traffic flow. As a practical cutting edge example, the integration possibility of the technology in the SafeTRIP platform (developed in an EC FP7 project) is presented.

  9. TRACKING VEHICLE IN GSM NETWORK TO SUPPORT INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS

    Z. Koppanyi

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The penetration of GSM capable devices is very high, especially in Europe. To exploit the potential of turning these mobile devices into dynamic data acquisition nodes that provides valuable data for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS, position information is needed. The paper describes the basic operation principles of the GSM system and provides an overview on the existing methods for deriving location data in the network. A novel positioning solution is presented that rely on handover (HO zone measurements; the zone geometry properties are also discussed. A new concept of HO zone sequence recognition is introduced that involves application of Probabilistic Deterministic Finite State Automata (PDFA. Both the potential commercial applications and the use of the derived position data in ITS is discussed for tracking vehicles and monitoring traffic flow. As a practical cutting edge example, the integration possibility of the technology in the SafeTRIP platform (developed in an EC FP7 project is presented.

  10. Real Time Vehicle Tracking System using GSM and GPS Technology- An Anti-theft Tracking System

    Kunal Maurya

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A vehicle tracking system is an electronic device installed in a vehicle to enable the owner or a third party to track the vehicle's location. This paper proposed to design a vehicle tracking system that works using GPS and GSM technology, which would be the cheapest source of vehicle tracking and it would work as anti-theft system. It is an embedded system which is used for tracking and positioning of any vehicle by using Global Positioning System (GPS and Global system for mobile communication (GSM. This design will continuously monitor a moving Vehicle and report the status of the Vehicle on demand. For doing so an AT89C51 microcontroller is interfaced serially to a GSM Modem and GPS Receiver. A GSM modem is used to send the position (Latitude and Longitude of the vehicle from a remote place. The GPS modem will continuously give the data i.e. the latitude and longitude indicating the position of the vehicle. The same data is sent to the mobile at the other end from where the position of the vehicle is demanded. When the request by user is sent to the number at the GSM modem, the system automatically sends a return reply to that mobile indicating the position of the vehicle in terms of latitude and longitude in real time.

  11. Embedded Security System using RFID & GSM

    Kulkarni Amruta M.

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The petroleum products are one of the valuable and rare creations of the nature. The proper use and distribution is important task to survive these products. Our system may be the first approach towards security of petroleum products distribution such as petrol, diesel, and kerosene etc. “The simple and proper use of RFID and GSM technologies can provide total security for distribution of petroleum products!” this our proposed design. Simple embedded system and direct PC interface for the system which facilitates the record keeping of the distributed fuel. Also the handy and robust VB program will help to authorized company to control the distribution of fuel whole over the region or country. In our system the control unit and tanker unit are two main parts. The two systems which may far away from each other can easily communicate with each other. The security code in RFID tag provided to the petrol pump get read by the reader and transmission of it to the control unit will helps to company to create the proper database of various petrol pumps distributed over wide area.

  12. GSM Based Autonomous Street Illumination System for Efficient Power Management

    Chaitanya Amin, AshutoshNerkar, Paridhi Holani, Rahul Kaul

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper efficiently defines the control of street lightning system and thereby saving electricity which is a major concern worldwide. It also describes the use of wireless sensor networks using GSM for streetlight monitoring and control. This system would provide a remote access for streetlight maintenance and control. It also discusses an intelligent system that takes automatic decisions for luminous control (ON/OFF/DIMMING considering surrounding light intensity and time of the day both at the same moment. The system also senses various parameters like surrounding temperature, fog, carbon emissions, and noise intensities and suggests corrective measures. Power theft control is also integrated in the same system. The efficiency of the system is designed such that it can be readily installed in present on road conditions with extra cost of only a single controlling computer. The system is compatible to solar cell installation

  13. Automatic Meter Reading and Theft Control System by Using GSM

    P. Rakesh Malhotra

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with automatic meter reading and theft control system in energy meter. Current transformer is used to measure the total power consumption for house or industrial purpose. This recorded reading is transmitted to the electricity board for every 60 days once. For transmitting the reading of energy meter GSM module is used. To avoid theft, infrared sensor is placed in the screw portion of energy meter seal. If the screw is removed from the meter a message is sent to the electricity board. The measuring of energy meter and monitoring of IR sensor is done with a PIC microcontroller.The informative system will be helpful for the electricity board to monitor the entire supply and the correct billing accordingly without any mishap. This model reduces the manual manipulation work andtheft control.

  14. WIRELESS ACCIDENT INFORMATION SYSTEM USING GSM AND GPS

    R.RATHINAKUMAR

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses about designing a Smart Display and Control [SDC] which will monitor the zone and maintains the specified speed in the zone levels, which runs on an embedded system. This system includes three modules; automatic speed control module, accident detection and information sending module and security enabling module. Automatic speed control module includes RF transmitter placed in specific location and RF receiver in the vehicle. Accident detection module includes GSM and GPS technology. Security enabling module includes sensory units which ensures the condition of seat belt and the driver. This module includes alcohol sensor and eye sensor. The smart display and control is composed of two separate units: Zone status Transmitter unit and Receiver (speed Display and Control Unit.

  15. Multi Level Anti Theft Security System using GSM Technology.

    Y. Prashanthi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents Design & Development of Multi level Anti theft security system to control the theft of a vehicle using GSM and Biometrics. The main objective of this is to offer an advanced security system in multiple levels to protect the car from unauthorized access using GSM technology. It provides a protected password to unlock the car and real time biometric user authentication in second level to start the ignition after finger print verification is done. If the fingerprint does not match with that in database, ARM produces the interrupt signal to disable the ignition and initiates an alarm and also inform the car owner about the unauthorized access via short Message Services (SMS by means of GSM modem[1].

  16. Hybrid GPS-GSM Localization of Automobile Tracking System

    Mohammad A. Al-Khedher

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available An integrated GPS-GSM system is proposed to track vehicles using Google Earth application. Theremote module has a GPS mounted on the moving vehicle to identify its current position, and to betransferred by GSM with other parameters acquired by the automobile’s data port as an SMS to arecipient station. The received GPS coordinates are filtered using a Kalman filter to enhance theaccuracy of measured position. After data processing, Google Earth application is used to view thecurrent location and status of each vehicle. This goal of this system is to manage fleet, policeautomobiles distribution and car theft cautions.

  17. Hybrid GPS-GSM Localization of Automobile Tracking System

    Al-Khedher, Mohammad A

    2012-01-01

    An integrated GPS-GSM system is proposed to track vehicles using Google Earth application. The remote module has a GPS mounted on the moving vehicle to identify its current position, and to be transferred by GSM with other parameters acquired by the automobile's data port as an SMS to a recipient station. The received GPS coordinates are filtered using a Kalman filter to enhance the accuracy of measured position. After data processing, Google Earth application is used to view the current location and status of each vehicle. This goal of this system is to manage fleet, police automobiles distribution and car theft cautions.

  18. GSM-Controllable Power Switch System for Industrial Power Management

    Koti Reddy1 Fhad Althobeti 2 Dr. Md. Ali Hussain3 Ravindra Reddy

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we describe the GSM Power-Controlled Outlet System (GPCOS) with a scalable mechanism for industrial power management. The GPCOS integrates the multiple AC power points and a simple low-power microcontroller into a power outlet to switch the power of the sockets ON/OFF and to measure the power consumption of plugged electric industry appliances. Our GPCOS consists of four scalable modules, that is, the Essential Control Module,the GSM Module, the Ethernet Module and the Power Mea...

  19. Development of low cost wireless radiation monitoring station using GSM network

    SMS or Short Message Service is a mean of GSM wireless communication that allow text messages to be sent to and from mobile cell phones. While SMS communication is mainly utilized at personal level or person to person basis; the usage of SMS can be extended into nuclear application specifically in radiation monitoring. This paper explains the development of a wireless station assembled by using a recycled Siemens M50 cell phone as substitutes to GSM modem, a PIC micro controller, and MINT-ISG home made digital survey meter at the remote transmitting site. While at the receiving end; an online monitoring system is set-up by using a Bluetooth enabled cell phone, a Bluetooth dongle, and a PC with Labview 8.0 software written as the Data logger which also served as the PC-Bluetooth interface platform. Wireless station at the remote area operates by continuously sending SMS in every 3 minutes to a predefined cellular number located at the monitoring system. The SMS consists of 6 data which individually is a survey meter readings recorded at each 30 seconds duration. At the receiver, Data logger program will retrieve the SMS from the cell phone via Bluetooth and extract the original 6 readings to be displayed on PC. The system has been successfully tested to detect and log radiation data for extended period of time. (Author)

  20. RFID, GPS & GSM Based Vehicle Tracing & Employee Security System

    Ms.S.S. Pethakar, Prof. N. Srivastava, Ms.S.D. Suryawanshi

    2012-01-01

    A RFID, GPS & GSM Based Vehicle Tracking and Employee Security System combine the installation of an electronic device in a vehicle, with purpose-designed computer software to enable the company to track the vehicle's location. In vehicle tracking systems we use Global Positioning System (GPS) technology for locating the vehicle. Vehicle information can be viewed on electronic maps via the Internet or specialized software. Due to recently happened mishaps such as burglary, rape cases etc., t...

  1. GSM mobile phone based LED scrolling message display system

    Priyanka A. Borkar

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Wireless communication has announced its arrival on big stage and the world is going mobile. We want to control everything and withoutmoving an inch. The use of “Embedded System in Communication” has given rise to many interesting applications that ensures comfort and safety to human life. One of such applications is public addressing system (PAS. In this technical paper explains how a reliable and an authentic wireless communication could be easily developed between a mobile phone and microcontroller using GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication MODEM. It is proposed to implement this project at the institute level. It is proposed to place display boards in major access points. Now-a-days LED Message Scrolling Displays are becoming very popular. These displays are used in shopping malls, theaters, public transportation, traffic signs, highways signs, etc. This paper describes the GSM based LED display.

  2. Gps- Gsm Based Inter-City Buses Distance Predictor and Display System

    Asmita A1 , Kiran A R2 , G R Udupi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This proposed work is an attempt to design a tracking unit that uses the global positioning system to determine the precise location of a vehicle to which it is attached and using GSM modem this information can be transmitted to remote user. It provides tele-monitoring system for inter-cities transportation buses. This system contains embedded system, GPS and GSM modems along with ARM processor that is installed in the bus stops. During bus motion, its location can be reported by SMS message. The SMS so generated is displayed in the bus stops (as well as in the bus if required for the commuter’s information about the arrival of which bus and from what distance. A software package is developed to read, process, analyze and store the incoming SMS messages.

  3. An Enhanced Railway Transport System using FPGA through GPS & GSM

    P.Vamsi Krishna

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Travel time information is a vital component of manyintelligent transportation systems (ITS applications. In recentyears, the number of passengers travels in train & number of trainsin India has increased tremendously. Due to the increase innumber of trains the train times may be delayed and the passengershave to wait at railway stations. A desirable strategy to deal withsuch issues is to provide better service (comfort, convenience and soon the notification of location of time through GSM. One suchapplication provides accurate information about train arrivals topassengers, leading to reduced waiting times at railway stations.This needs a real-time data collection technique, a quick andreliable data and informing the passengers regarding the same. Thescope of this proposed system is to use global positioning systemdata collected from trains in the city in India, to show the location.The system consists of three modules: Vehicle section Module,BASE Station section Module, User mobile section Module.Equipped with PC and GSM modem, BASE Station Module sendsthe initialization information containing the train number toVehicle section Module using SMS. The microcontroller basedvehicle section Module consisting mainly of a GPS receiver andGSM modem then starts transmitting its location to BASE StationModule. BASE Station Module equipped with a microcontrollerunit and GSM modems interfaced to PCs is designed to keep trackrecord of every train, processes user request about a particulartrain location out of BASE Station and updates trains location atstations. GPS Module is installed at every station and consists of aGSM modem, memory unit and dot matrix display all interfaced toa microcontroller. This module receives trains location informationcoming towards that station from BASE Station module anddisplays the information on a dot matrix display. The performanceof the proposed system is found to be promising and expected to bevaluable in the development of advanced public transportationsystems (APTS in India. The work presented here is one of the firstattempts at real-time short-term prediction of arrival time for ITSapplications in India.

  4. Fingerprint and GSM based Security System

    M.Gayathri*1,

    2014-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to design and implement high security system. Security is a prime concern in our day-to-day life. Perhaps the most important application of accurate personal identification is securing limited access systems from malicious attacks. Access control system forms a vital link in a security chain. The fingerprint and password based security system presented here is an access control system that allows only authorized persons to access a restricted ...

  5. VEHICLE THEFT ALERT SYSTEM USING GSM

    LAXMI

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In this technical world where technology is growing up day by day and scientific researches are presenting a new era of discoveries, we need security in all the areas. As theft activities are increasing around, we have need of more security in Automobiles/Vehicles. Today automobile industry is a major industry of the world and the vehicles need to be secured otherwise they will be packed gifts for the criminals given by our own hands. The main aim of this paper is to use wireless technology to intimate the owner of the vehicle about each and every unauthorized attempt of entry to his/her vehicle. The auto-generated Short Message Service by system is used to give information to the owner’s cell phone. And one more advantage of this project is that a back Short Message Service can be send by vehicle’s owner which will disable the ignition of the vehicle system and vehicle will be stopped. If system is active and if any unauthorized person tries to start the vehicle, the microcontroller used insystem gets an interrupt through a switch which is connected to the security system. Instantly microcontroller commands the Global System for Mobile modem to send an auto-generated message. The owner receives the Short Message Service alert in the form of some written text which is predefined in the system. If he is not sure about the jumper, owner can send a back message to the Global System for Mobile modem to ‘stop’. The Global System for Mobile modem which is interfaced to the microcontroller receives the message, according to the output of Global System for Mobile modem, micro controller disables the ignition, and it will result in stopping of the vehicle. Advancement to this system is that we can transmit auto-generated Multimedia Message Service instead of Short Message Service by using smart phone.

  6. GSM Based Flexible Calling System For Coal Mining Workers

    Prof. Himanshu K. Patel#1, Deep H. Desai*2, Tanvi G. Badheka

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an emergency flexible calling system consists of GSM module, solar panel, vibration sensor, battery sensor and fire sensor which are connected with centralized control room by wireless communication. Proposed system may be installed near coal mine where even basic emergency services are not available. It will be totally based on GSM signal strength. In case of medical & accidental emergency happen in the coal mine, particularly when the workerdoesn’t have the mobile phone or having no tower in coal mine, this system may be very much helpful.System has flexible timer for calling to the control room. The System will be protected from theft attempts using different alarm circuits like vibration sensor, fire sensor and battery sensor. This system will be continuously powered through a solar panel. This system will be useful even for illiterate people as well as for coal mining worker. The purpose of this project is to help people in emergency in remote location as early as possible. This system can useful in villages having no electricity.

  7. PREPAID ELECTRICITY BILLING SYSTEM USING GSM MOBILE

    T. SRAVANTHI, O.VIJAYA LAKSHMI, N. SYAMALA, B.SUNIL KUMAR

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The billing process of electricity consumption which we are using at present is very long process and requires lot of man power. The energy billing in India is error prone and also time and labor consuming. Errors get introduced at every stage of energy billing like errors with electro-mechanical meters, human errors while noting down the meter reading and error while processing the paid bills and the due bills. There are many cases where the bill is paid and then is shown as a due amount in the next bill. There is no proper way to know the consumer's maximum demand, usage details, losses in the lines, and power theft.For overcoming all the difficulties present in the system we are introducing fully automated billing process. In the proposed system front end is user friendly and can be operated easily by having minimum computer knowledge. The billing process is prepaid energy billing, which could be titled. Pay first and then use it. There are clear results from many countries, where prepaid system has reduced the wastage by a large amount. Another advantage of the prepaid system is that the human errors made reading meters and processing bills can be reduced to a large extent.

  8. Fake BTS Attacks of GSM System on Software Radio Platform

    Yubo Song; Kan Zhou; Xi Chen

    2012-01-01

    The 2G GSM communication system only provides one-way authentication mechanism which just authenticate the identities of mobile users. As we know, this is not resistant to fake BTS attack. But for the huge cost for building a fake BTS before, this kind of attack were not really implemented before. This paper presents an implement of fake BTS based on software radio technologies. Furthermore, this paper discusses two types of fake BTS attacks on our software radio platform. The first attack is...

  9. Vehicle Tracking and Locking System Based on GSM and GPS

    R.Ramani

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Currently almost of the public having an own vehicle, theft is happening on parking and sometimes driving insecurity places. The safe of vehicles is extremely essential for public vehicles. Vehicle tracking and locking system installed in the vehicle, to track the place and locking engine motor. The place of the vehicle identified using Global Positioning system (GPS and Global system mobile communication (GSM. These systems constantly watch a moving Vehicle and report the status on demand. When the theft identified, the responsible person send SMS to the microcontroller, then microcontroller issue the control signals to stop the engine motor. Authorized person need to send the password to controller to restart the vehicle and open the door. This is more secured, reliable and low cost.

  10. DETERMINING THE PREFERENCE OF GSM OPERATORS IN TURKEY WITH FUZZY TOPSIS AFTER MOBILE NUMBER PORTABILITY SYSTEM APPLICATION

    ERGİNEL, Nihal; Çakmak, Tolga; ŞENTÜRK, Sevil

    2010-01-01

    Mobile number portability systems is a system that can allow portability of GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) number from another operator without changing GSM number. There are several criteria to select the GSM operators by customer after this system is legal in Turkey. The main purpose of this study is to determine the market sharing in the future of GSM operators by expressing the weighting grades of selection criteria and the relationship between criteria and alternatives th...

  11. GSM-GPS Based Intelligent Security and Control System for Vehicle

    Mr. Kiran Gaikwad

    2013-01-01

    The revolution of Mobile and Technology has made ‘GSM based vehicle security system’. The vehicle security system is prominent worldwide. But it is not so much secure system. Every vehicle owner wants maximum protection of his vehicle; otherwise thief can easily trap the vehicle. So, by combing the idea of mobile and vehicle security system GSM based vehicle security system can be designed. So this GSM-GPS based vehicle security system works when someone tries to steal your vehicle. This pape...

  12. WATER-LEVEL MONITOR FOR BOREWELL AND WATER TANK BASED ON GSM

    R.Ramani

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Now a days, home automation & remote control and monitoring systems have seen a rapid growth in terms of technology. Apparently there is no early warning system to monitor the tank water level and bore well water level when it has reached the critical level. In this paper we have provided water level monitoring in the tank as well as in the bore well. If the water level in a bore well drops below the threshold level for pumping its pump motor may get air locked or more burn out due to dry running. It is awkward for farmers to walk all the way to their fields at night just to switch the pump motor off. Besides, he may never get to identify the problem. This problem can be solved by using this GSM based system that will automatically make a call to the user mobile phone, when the water Level in the bore well drops threshold below or rises to the threshold level for pumping. The user can also remotely switch on or off the pump motor by sending a SMS from his mobile phone. The system is simple, reliable, portable and affordable. We proposed the work in which, Whenever water level in the tankdrops below the required level the system try to fill the tank by switching on the bore well motor to pump the water into the tank It is must to have enough water in the bore well to avoid the formation of air gap or empty running of bore well motor. High precision water level sensor is used to identify the reference water level to activate and deactivate the motor and system properly by interfacing the sensor devices into the well definedembedded system.

  13. GSM Based Engine & A.C Control System for Vehicles

    Ms. Shalini Tiwari,; Mr. Prashant Priyadarshi,; Mrs. Aditi Sandhu,

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to focus on asystem which is developed using GSM module, KEIL software andPROTEUS software to work as a wireless vehicle engine igniterfor various vehicle engine based application. Through thisapplication we can take control over every module inside thevehicle which depends upon the ignition of engine .One of theapplication focused in this paper is ignition of Air Conditioningsystem using GSM module. The A.C inside the car usually takesten to fifteen minute...

  14. Traffic monitoring using handheld GSM phones. Part A: Literature scan:

    Lindveld, C.; Catalano, S.

    2001-01-01

    Rapport in opdracht van Syntrack (A joint venture between Ericsson and Libertel-Vodaphone). This report contains the findings of a literature scan concerning the use of handheld mobile phones in traffic monitoring.

  15. Intelligent GSM Cell Coverage Analysis System Based on GIS

    Lina Lan

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In mobile network, a deviation of cell coverage area influences many network performance indexes. Cell coverage analyses are vital to network optimization. The traditional check method is DT (Drive Test or FSP (Field Strength Prediction by manpower which costs much time and resources. This paper presents an intelligent multiple factors analysis method on cell coverage, and designs the relevant software system based on GIS platform. This system derives a cell coverage analysis chart and identifies the cells with cross-boundary coverage or poor coverage problem by collecting a huge number of mobile phone measure data in OMC and analyzing multiple factors based on the measure data and the basic data of cells. The measure data analysis aims to compute signal level distribution, sample point distribution, category of interferences. The basic data of cells includes neighborhood relationship, azimuth ward, location and distance between two cells. The base station site level can be computed from the basic data of cells by the triangulation method. The calculation and analysis results are presented in the map based on GIS platform to improve visualization. This method and system are validated by a large number of actual datasets from an in-service GSM network. Contrast with the traditional cell analysis method, this method and system demonstrate advantages in intelligence, accuracy, timeliness, and visualization.

  16. CellSense: A Probabilistic RSSI-based GSM Positioning System

    Ibrahim, Mohamed; Youssef, Moustafa

    2010-01-01

    Context-aware applications have been gaining huge interest in the last few years. With cell phones becoming ubiquitous computing devices, cell phone localization has become an important research problem. In this paper, we present CellSense, a prob- abilistic RSSI-based fingerprinting location determina- tion system for GSM phones.We discuss the challenges of implementing a probabilistic fingerprinting local- ization technique in GSM networks and present the details of the CellSense system and...

  17. Advanced Vehicle Tracking System on Google Earth Using GPS and GSM

    Sowjanya Kotte

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Vehicle navigation is one of the most important applications in the era of navigation which is mostly used by drivers. Therefore the efficiency of the maps given to the drivers has a great importance in the navigation system. In this paper we proposed a very efficient system which uses the GPS and earth maps to help the driver in navigation by robust display of the current position of the vehicle on a displayed map. The main aim of this project is designing a system which is capable of continuous monitoring of path of the vehicle on PC with Google Earth Application. Here the important issue is displaying the map on several various scales which are adopted by the users. The heart elements in the implementation of this project are GPS, GSM and MCU. The GPS-GSM integrated structure is designed to track the vehicles by using Google earth application. The micro controller is used to receive data from GPS and to transfer the latitude and longitude to the PC to map by using the VB.Net language and this map is generated using Google Earth information.

  18. GSM Based Engine & A.C Control System for Vehicles

    Ms. Shalini Tiwari,

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is to focus on asystem which is developed using GSM module, KEIL software andPROTEUS software to work as a wireless vehicle engine igniterfor various vehicle engine based application. Through thisapplication we can take control over every module inside thevehicle which depends upon the ignition of engine .One of theapplication focused in this paper is ignition of Air Conditioningsystem using GSM module. The A.C inside the car usually takesten to fifteen minutes to maintain the normal temperature. Byusing this GSM module we turn ON the Vehicle A.C before arequired specific time. This is done in two simple steps-Firstlyignition of vehicle engine and Secondly ignition of A.C inside thevehicle by sending SMS by owners mobile. The proceedingcontent will reveal a general outlook to achieve the foresaidobjectives.

  19. CellSense: An Accurate Energy-Efficient GSM Positioning System

    Ibrahim, Mohamed; Youssef, Moustafa

    2011-01-01

    Context-aware applications have been gaining huge interest in the last few years. With cell phones becoming ubiquitous computing devices, cell phone localization has become an important research problem. In this paper, we present CellSense, a prob- abilistic RSSI-based fingerprinting location determi- nation system for GSM phones. We discuss the chal- lenges of implementing a probabilistic fingerprinting localization technique in GSM networks and present the details of the CellSense systemand...

  20. GSM-GPS Based Intelligent Security and Control System for Vehicle

    Mr. Kiran Gaikwad

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The revolution of Mobile and Technology has made ‘GSM based vehicle security system’. The vehicle security system is prominent worldwide. But it is not so much secure system. Every vehicle owner wants maximum protection of his vehicle; otherwise thief can easily trap the vehicle. So, by combing the idea of mobile and vehicle security system GSM based vehicle security system can be designed. So this GSM-GPS based vehicle security system works when someone tries to steal your vehicle. This paper deals with the design {&} development of an embedded system, which is being used to prevent/control the theft of a vehicle. The instrument is an embedded system based on GSM and GPS technology. The instrument is installed in the engine of the vehicle. The main objective of this instrument is to protect the vehicle from any unauthorized access, through entering a protected password and intimate the status and location of the same vehicle to the authorize person (owner using Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM and Global Positioning System (GPS technology. Here owner of vehicle can control system through Cell phone or a personal computer (PC. In this system new concept is inclusion of RTC (Real Time Clock by which vehicle can be permanently off depending upon date and time set. This system is intelligent because it performs many tasks automatically and also control vehicle on/off from a distance

  1. Real-Time Vehicle Data Logging System Using GPS And GSM

    Win Minn Thet

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper proposes and implements a low cost Vehicle Data Logging System using GPS and GSM. This system allows a user to trace the present and past positions recorded in SD card. This system also reads the current position of the vehicle using GPS the data is sent via GSM service from the GSM network. The vehicles position including the driving speed the UTC time and data are stored in the SD card for live and past tracking. All of that GPS data is sent to PIC 18F4520 by the Universal Asynchronous ReceiverTransmitter UART and also store in SD card. GSM also uses UART to transmit. To know the position of the vehicle the owner sends a request through a SMS. The SMS sends to the authorized person through the GSM network. The travel history of the vehicle are stored in a file on an SD card in FAT format.This system is very useful for car tracking for adolescent driver being checked by parent speed limit exceeding leaving a specific area. V The developed system is easy to use requires no additional hardware and permits the selection of the amount of data and the time intervals between the data recordings. In addition the collected data can easily be transferred to a computer via a connected serial port.

  2. Energy Controlling System for Smart Building Using GSM and SCADA

    Parkhe, Deepak; Singh, Pushpendra

    2015-01-01

    The efficient utilization of electrical appliances or loads is catching the attention of researchers in building automation. Therefore, a building energy management system plays a vital role in managing the demand response of electric power consumption in smart grid technologies. This integrates many new technologies such as home network, smart home con-troller, monitoring systems etc. This paper presents a scheme to monitor and control the electrical loads from remote locations as well. In p...

  3. Radio interface system planning for GSM/GPRS/UMTS

    Lempiäinen, Jukka

    2007-01-01

    Preface. 1. Introduction - Radio Propagation Environment. 2. Radio System Planning Process. 3. Configuration Planning and Power Budget. 4. Coverage Planning Criteria. 5. Radio Propagation Prediction. 6. Capacity Planning. 7. Frequency Planning. 8. Optimisation. 9. Radio Network Monitoring. 10. General Packet Radio System (GPRS). 11. Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS). Index.

  4. GSM Web-Based Centralized Remote Wireless Automatic Controlling and Monitoring of Aquafeeder

    Wong, C. L.; Idris, A.; Hasan, Z.

    2016-03-01

    This project is about producing a prototype to feed fishes at fish ponds of remote location with the use of GSM mobile phone. An automatic fish feeder is an electric device that has been designed to give out the right amount of pellets at the designed time. In this project, the automatic feeder designed consists of photovoltaic solar cells that are used to generate electricity and storing it into batteries. Solar charge controllers can be used to determine the rate of which current is drawn and added from the batteries. GSM cellular communication is used to allow user to control from a distance. Commands or instructions are sent to the operating system which in return runs the servomotor and blower by blowing certain amount of fish pallets into the pond to feed the fishes. The duration of the feeding processes is fixed by the user, hence the amount of fish food pallets released are precisely the same for each time. This technology is especially useful for fish farmers where they can remotely feed their fishes.

  5. Analysis of Blocking Probability in a GSM Based Cellular Network System

    Anuj Kumar, Shilpi Srivastav, Alok Agarwal, Narendra Kuma

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we check the performance of a GSM cellular communication system by using FDMA TDMA system . In the present paper we evaluate the performance of the blocking probability, spectral efficiency and the bit error rate by using the a specific model. By using this we try to improve Rician and lognormal

  6. ADVANCEMENT IN AUTOMATIC FARM FIELD AQUA SYSTEM THROUGH GSM TECHNOLOGY

    L. PRIYANGA DEVI, S.YAMUNA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This project explains about the automatic agricultural development by using GSM Technology.To irrigate a land with full of automation,without using any of the human resource,with the help of sensors for an effective land cultivation.In this project, a tank, land of 10 to 20 acres and a well is required for the development of the project.A tank is introduced between the well and alnd for the effective production.Two sensors one at the bottom of the tank and other at the top of the tank are fixed.A timer is fixed near to the top level sensors to detect the water and to stop the motor.If the lower level sensor is not sensed the motor for the outlet of water from the well will be switched on,by the same side the water from the tank will not be let out.If the upper level of the sensor is detected,the timer starts its count down from 0sec,when it reaches the 5min motor will be switched off.The other sensor will be in need of water only when the sensor deep under the land and slightly away from the root is not detected,thus using transmitter the waves is passed to switch on the motor.This motor connecting to the tank and the land will be switched on only when the lower level sensor in the tank is sensed.This all functions are programmed into the PIC microcontroller.Depending upon the water level it will provide the instructions.In this project we use GSM for sending the notification message to the farmers whether the motor is on or off.

  7. SEIS- SMS Based Stock Exchange Information System Using GSM for High Availability and Accessibility

    Maria Bibi; Tahira Mahboob; Farooq Arif

    2012-01-01

    Many organizations and business people are trying to move towards automation and want to access stock exchange news on their mobile phones in order to save time, cost and resources. The proposed system is based on SMS based information system using GSM technology. The system is designed in a way that facilitates stock brokers and businessman to get updates on their mobile phone regarding current stock market state of affairs. The proposed system is beneficial in a sense that it saves resource...

  8. Gamma portal detector with micro-processed and GSM communication system

    Full text: We present in this paper a new concept of gamma radiation portal detector, where the detection process is monitored by a micro-controller, coupled to a compatible GSM communication system, which is suitable to be accessed by all mobile phone operators worldwide. The signal generated at the detectors is converted by an A/D circuit, and driven to a micro-controller where a software evaluates the signal conditions and, depending on a previously set program, it triggers a communication system which sends the alarm to any computer linked to internet and/or to any mobile phone protocol by a specific software linked to the portal. The control electronic system is compatible to several detectors types, ranging from gas based devices to solid state ones. The portal is totally compatible with the ANSI - Standard N42.35 - 2004. It can be used in all types of government and industrial control scenarios. Its measure device permits the use of the equipment in all range of sensibility and in tracking radiation signals where it is. (author)

  9. SEIS- SMS Based Stock Exchange Information System Using GSM for High Availability and Accessibility

    Maria Bibi

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Many organizations and business people are trying to move towards automation and want to access stock exchange news on their mobile phones in order to save time, cost and resources. The proposed system is based on SMS based information system using GSM technology. The system is designed in a way that facilitates stock brokers and businessman to get updates on their mobile phone regarding current stock market state of affairs. The proposed system is beneficial in a sense that it saves resources in term of time, human resources and cuts down the paper work. The proposed system also reduces cost by replacing internet news updates with SMS updates. The proposed system has been developed in view of research study conducted in the software development and telecom industry. It provides a high end solution to the customers/fieldworkers that use GSM and SMS technology for transactions updates of databases and sending SMS.

  10. CellSense: An Accurate Energy-Efficient GSM Positioning System

    Ibrahim, Mohamed

    2011-01-01

    Context-aware applications have been gaining huge interest in the last few years. With cell phones becoming ubiquitous computing devices, cell phone localization has become an important research problem. In this paper, we present CellSense, a prob- abilistic RSSI-based fingerprinting location determi- nation system for GSM phones. We discuss the chal- lenges of implementing a probabilistic fingerprinting localization technique in GSM networks and present the details of the CellSense systemand how it addresses these challenges. We then extend the proposed system using a hybrid technique that combines probabilistic and deterministic estimation to achieve both high ac- curacy and low computational overhead.Moreover, the accuracy of the hybrid technique is robust to changes in its parameter values. To evaluate our proposed system, we implemented CellSense on Android-based phones. Results from two different testbeds, represent- ing urban and rural environments, for three differ- ent cellular providers show that Ce...

  11. A survey on electromagnetic interferences on aircraft avionics systems and a GSM on board system overview

    Vinto, Natale; Tropea, Mauro; Fazio, Peppino; Voznak, Miroslav

    2014-05-01

    Recent years have been characterized by an increase in the air traffic. More attention over micro-economic and macroeconomic indexes would be strategic to gather and enhance the safety of a flight and customer needing, for communicating by wireless handhelds on-board aircrafts. Thus, European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) proposed a GSM On Board (GSMOBA) system as a possible solution, allowing mobile terminals to communicate through GSM system on aircraft, avoiding electromagnetic interferences with radio components aboard. The main issues are directly related with interferences that could spring-out when mobile terminals attempt to connect to ground BTS, from the airplane. This kind of system is able to resolve the problem in terms of conformance of Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP) limits, defined outside the aircraft, by using an On board BTS (OBTS) and modeling the relevant key RF parameters on the air. The main purpose of this work is to illustrate the state-of-the-art of literature and previous studies about the problem, giving also a good detail of technical and normative references.

  12. Impact of Ultra Wide Band (UWB on Macrocell Downlink of DCS-1800 and GSM-900 Systems

    L. D. Haro-Ariet

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available The effect of UWB interference on the DCS-1800 and GSM-900 downlink is studied for different UWB power density. For high UWB power density (-70 dBm/MHz, the effect of UWB signals is very high when the distance between UWB transmitter and DCS-1800 receiver is less than 1 m. For low UWB power density (-100 dBm/MHz, the effect of the UWB signals is quasi null even if the distance between the UWB transmitter and the DCS-1800 receiver is 0.5 m. It is found that the spectrum mask proposed by the FCC for indoor application (-53 dBm/MHz in the DCS-1800 band and -41 dBm/MHz in the GSM-900 band is very high to be tolerated by the two mobile systems and we have to propose another spectrum mask with lower UWB power density.

  13. DETERMINING THE PREFERENCE OF GSM OPERATORS IN TURKEY WITH FUZZY TOPSIS AFTER MOBILE NUMBER PORTABILITY SYSTEM APPLICATION

    Nihal ERGİNEL

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Mobile number portability systems is a system that can allow portability of GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications number from another operator without changing GSM number. There are several criteria to select the GSM operators by customer after this system is legal in Turkey. The main purpose of this study is to determine the market sharing in the future of GSM operators by expressing the weighting grades of selection criteria and the relationship between criteria and alternatives that include uncertainty as fuzzy triangular numbers. In this study, the selection criteria of GSM operators are defined form literature and views of customer and weighted with linguistic variables by working group. Avea, Turkcell and Vodafone that active in Turkey are graded with linguistic variables to each criterion. Analyzing linguistic variables as qualitative variables and using graded linguistic variables in a specified interval are required fuzzy multi-criteria decision making methods. Expected market sharing of GSM operators is determined by using fuzzy TOPSIS method.

  14. A Review Paper on Design of GPS and GSM Based Intelligent Ambulance Monitoring

    Dr. Shantanu K. Dixit; Miss. Ashwini A. Joshi

    2014-01-01

    Proposed paper presents design of such a monitoring system for emergency patient transportation employing ARM 7 processor module. The system will be useful for monitoring ambulance location using Google map. It also include biomedical sensors to monitor heart bit rate and temperature of patient through SMS. The front end application at the monitoring system is developed using visual basic software in Personal Computers. It can display location of ambulance and status of heart ...

  15. PV-solar / Wind Hybrid Energy System for GSM/CDMA Type Mobile Telephony Base

    Station Md. Ibrahim; Mohammad Tayyab

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the design of optimized PV-Solar and Wind Hybrid Energy System for GSM/CDMA type mobile base station over conventional diesel generator for a particular site in south India (Chennai). For this hybrid system ,the meteorological data of Solar Insolation, hourly wind speed, are taken for Chennai (Longitude 80ο .16’and Latitude 13ο .5’ ) and the pattern of load consumption of mobile base station are studied and suitably modeled for optimization of the hybrid ...

  16. PV-solar / wind hybrid energy system for GSM/CDMA type mobile telephony base station

    Pragya Nema, R.K. Nema, Saroj Rangnekar

    2010-01-01

    This paper gives the design idea of optimized PV-Solar and Wind Hybrid Energy System for GSM/CDMA type mobile base station over conventional diesel generator for a particular site in central India (Bhopal) . For this hybrid system ,the meteorological data of Solar Insolation, hourly wind speed, are taken for Bhopal-Central India (Longitude 77o.23'and Latitude 23o.21' ) and the pattern of load consumption of mobile base station are studied and suitably modeled for optimization of the hybrid en...

  17. Design Of A Doherty Power Amplifier For GSM Systems

    Saad Wasmi Osman

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the design and analysis of Doherty power amplifier. The Doherty amplifier is used in  a base station for mobile system because of its high efficiency. The class AB power amplifier used in the configuration of the main and auxiliary amplifier. The result obtained shows that the Doherty power amplifier can be used on a wide band spectrum, the amplifier works at 900MHz and has very good power added efficiency (PAE and gain. The amplifier can also work at 1800MHz at input power greater than 20dBm. 

  18. PV-solar / Wind Hybrid Energy System for GSM/CDMA Type Mobile Telephony Base

    Station Md. Ibrahim

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the design of optimized PV-Solar and Wind Hybrid Energy System for GSM/CDMA type mobile base station over conventional diesel generator for a particular site in south India (Chennai. For this hybrid system ,the meteorological data of Solar Insolation, hourly wind speed, are taken for Chennai (Longitude 80ο .16’and Latitude 13ο .5’ and the pattern of load consumption of mobile base station are studied and suitably modeled for optimization of the hybrid energy system using HOMER software. The simulation and optimization result gives the best optimized sizing of wind turbine and solar array with diesel generator for particular GSM/CDMA type mobile telephony base station. This system is more cost effective and environmental friendly over the conventional diesel generator. The presented system reduce approximate 70%-80% fuel cost over conventional diesel generator and also reduced the emission of CO2 and other harmful gasses in environments. It is expected that the proposed developed and installed system will provide very good opportunities for telecom sector in near future.

  19. PV-solar / wind hybrid energy system for GSM/CDMA type mobile telephony base station

    Pragya Nema, R.K. Nema, Saroj Rangnekar

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper gives the design idea of optimized PV-Solar and Wind Hybrid Energy System for GSM/CDMA type mobile base station over conventional diesel generator for a particular site in central India (Bhopal . For this hybrid system ,the meteorological data of Solar Insolation, hourly wind speed, are taken for Bhopal-Central India (Longitude 77o.23'and Latitude 23o.21' and the pattern of load consumption of mobile base station are studied and suitably modeled for optimization of the hybrid energy system using HOMER software. The simulation and optimization result gives the best optimized sizing of wind turbine and solar array with diesel generator for particular GSM/CDMA type mobile telephony base station. This system is more cost effective and environmental friendly over the conventional diesel generator. It should reduced approximate 70%-80% fuel cost over conventional diesel generator and also reduced the emission of CO2 and other harmful gasses in environments. It is expected that the newly developed and installed system will provide very good opportunities for telecom sector in near future.

  20. CellSense: A Probabilistic RSSI-based GSM Positioning System

    Ibrahim, Mohamed

    2010-01-01

    Context-aware applications have been gaining huge interest in the last few years. With cell phones becoming ubiquitous computing devices, cell phone localization has become an important research problem. In this paper, we present CellSense, a prob- abilistic RSSI-based fingerprinting location determina- tion system for GSM phones.We discuss the challenges of implementing a probabilistic fingerprinting local- ization technique in GSM networks and present the details of the CellSense system and how it addresses the challenges. To evaluate our proposed system, we implemented CellSense on Android-based phones. Re- sults for two different testbeds, representing urban and rural environments, show that CellSense provides at least 23.8% enhancement in accuracy in rural areas and at least 86.4% in urban areas compared to other RSSI-based GSMlocalization systems. This comes with a minimal increase in computational requirements. We also evaluate the effect of changing the different system parameters on the accuracy-comp...

  1. Development of a Secured Security System for an Automobile using GSM Technology and Electronic Circuit

    Segun O. Olatinwo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the design and development of a security system for an automobile using GSM technology and electronic circuit which is being used to prevent or control the theft of a vehicle. The case of car hijacking has become so rampant that it has become a threat to the world leaders. Some of them cannot drive their expensive cars without escort plus the sounding of siren to scare the evil perpetrators. The necessity of car security cannot be overemphasized by car owners due to high cost of purchasing car nowadays. Car security system using GSM and Electronic circuit had been designed, which can operate in two ways: receiving signal / command from the car owner through the mobile phone or by taken decision by itself using electronic circuit. The signal received through the mobile phone that serves as input to the circuit and immediately sends signal through transistor TR1 and TR2 to the 555 timer IC1 to other transistors in the circuit and output of one transistor serves as input signal to another. The output signal from the PIC 16F84A or CD 4017 demobilized the central lock system and brain box of the car. The demobilized central lock system and brain box can be reset by calling or sending another signal through the mobile phone to reset the brain box.

  2. Wi-Fi and GSM Based Motion Sensor for Home Security System Apllication

    Huzaimy Jusoh, Mohamad; Jamali, Muhammad Firdaus Bin; Zainal Abidin, Ahmad Faizal bin; Asari Sulaiman, Ahmad; Fahmi Hussin, Mohamad

    2015-11-01

    The Wi-Fi and GSM based home security system is a system designed to reduce the high rates of crimes in most personal housing. The overall project consists of three major parts; the input part that consists of sensors, the software part that operates the entire hardware structure, and the output part, which consists of camera, alarm system, and micro secure digital (SD) data storage card. It is based on the principle of infrared radiation generated by a human body heat which trigger the passive infrared (PIR) sensor. The microcontroller processes the received signal, then trigger the buzzer alarm, camera and alerts the home owner through an SMS. Once triggered, the camera will capture the image of the intruder and the image will be saved in SD card. As alert to the user (away), the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) will send the Short Message Service (SMS) from the device to the user's mobile phone. The image will be sent to Dropbox data cloud storage via Wi-Fi for further clarification. The prototype was successfully developed, tested and has been installed at residential area in Taman Cahaya Alam, Section U12, Shah Alam, Malaysia.

  3. ELECTRICITY METER READING USING GSM

    Tanvira Ismail

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The Electricity Meter Reading using GSM system consists of GSM Digital Power Meters installed in every consumer unit and a back-end database at the EB office which calculates the amount to be paid according to the number of units consumed. The GSM Digital Power Meter is a single phase digital kWh power meter with embedded GSM modem which utilizes the GSM network to send its power usage reading using Short Messaging Service (SMS back to the energy provider wirelessly. The user interface also consists of LCD which displays the amount of power consumed. The advantages of the proposed system make the existing system incompetent. It is possible to connect to remote areas as it employs wireless technology. The new system is user friendly, easy to access and far more efficient than the existing system. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AS

  4. Medical reliable network using concatenated channel codes through GSM network.

    Ahmed, Emtithal; Kohno, Ryuji

    2013-01-01

    Although the 4(th) generation (4G) of global mobile communication network, i.e. Long Term Evolution (LTE) coexisting with the 3(rd) generation (3G) has successfully started; the 2(nd) generation (2G), i.e. Global System for Mobile communication (GSM) still playing an important role in many developing countries. Without any other reliable network infrastructure, GSM can be applied for tele-monitoring applications, where high mobility and low cost are necessary. A core objective of this paper is to introduce the design of a more reliable and dependable Medical Network Channel Code system (MNCC) through GSM Network. MNCC design based on simple concatenated channel code, which is cascade of an inner code (GSM) and an extra outer code (Convolution Code) in order to protect medical data more robust against channel errors than other data using the existing GSM network. In this paper, the MNCC system will provide Bit Error Rate (BER) equivalent to the BER for medical tele monitoring of physiological signals, which is 10(-5) or less. The performance of the MNCC has been proven and investigated using computer simulations under different channels condition such as, Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN), Rayleigh noise and burst noise. Generally the MNCC system has been providing better performance as compared to GSM. PMID:24110797

  5. WATER-LEVEL MONITOR FOR BOREWELL AND WATER TANK BASED ON GSM

    R. Ramani; S.Selvaraju; Valarmathy, S.; R.Thangam; B.Rajasekaran

    2012-01-01

    Now a days, home automation & remote control and monitoring systems have seen a rapid growth in terms of technology. Apparently there is no early warning system to monitor the tank water level and bore well water level when it has reached the critical level. In this paper we have provided water level monitoring in the tank as well as in the bore well. If the water level in a bore well drops below the threshold level for pumping its pump motor may get air locked or more burn out due to dry run...

  6. Microcontroller 8051 Based Accident Alert System Using MEMS Accelerometer, GPS and GSM Technology

    Ms. Anju M. Vasdewani

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The largest cause of unnatural deaths in the world today (apart from diseases is road accidents. With increase in population and thus in the number of vehicles, accidents are only going to increase. Most of these deaths are due to delay in medical attention to the injured. The major cause of this delay is lack of intimation or delayed intimation of the accident to emergency medical response authorities. This can be addressed by the system proposed. This system uses an accelerometer, GSM modem and a GPS device along with a microcontroller to report an accident. The system also incorporates a “panic switch” which when depressed will send a text message for help to stored numbers. This facility provides assistance in the case of some chronic medical condition like heart attack or robberies that are increasing on highways.

  7. Remote Monitoring System for Communication Base Based on Short Message

    Han Yu Fu

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents design and development of an automatic monitoring system of communication base which is an important means to realize modernization of mobile communication base station management. Firstly, this paper proposes the architecture of the monitoring system. The proposed system consists of mocrocontrollers, sensors, GSM module and MFRC500 etc. The value of parameters is measured in the system including terminal is studied and designed, including hardware design based on embedded system and software design. Finally, communication module is discussed. The monitoring system which is designed based on GSM SMS(short message service can improve the integrity, reliability, flexibility and intellectuality of monitoring system.

  8. Evolution of GSM

    Rupali Satpute, Abhishek Naik, Barish Pathak, Chirag Pipalia

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available GSM is the most widely deployed 2nd generation digital cellular standard, with over 2 billion subscribers in some 213 countries and adding about 1000 new users per minute! Originally developed in the 1980s, and first deployed in 1991, GSM is a TDMA+FDMA system, providing wide area voice communications using 200 KHz carriers. Subsequently, GSM evolved into a 2.5G standard with the introduction of packet data transmission technology (GPRS and higher data rates via higher order modulation schemes (EDGE. More recently, GERAN standards organization has been evolving further to coexist with and provide comparable services to 3G technologies. In this paper, we provide an over view of evolution of GSM technology and also the framework of 4G technology that will provide access to wide range of telecommunication services, including advanced mobile services, supported by mobile and fixed networks, which are increasingly packet based, along with a support for low to high mobility applications and wide range of data rates, in accordance with service demands in multiuser environment.

  9. GSM Based Advanced Water Deployment System For Irrigation Using A Wireless Sensor Network & Android Mobile

    Nilesh D. Kuchekar,

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available an advanced water deployment system was developed to optimize water use for agricultural crops. Agriculture utilizes most of the fresh water, since the atmospheric parameters vary from place to place in large field, it makes very difficult to maintain the uniformity in all places of farm field manually. Hence the irrigation based modern agriculture is the recent requirement in every part of agriculture in India. So a combined action of wireless sensor network & embedded system is used in the irrigation. This paper demonstrates implemented embedded system for automatic irrigation which has a wireless sensor network placed in root zone of the plant for real time infield sensing & control of an irrigation system. In the developed system the temperature, soil moisture will be measured and it will be displayed for information of further action taken in consideration. This system helps the farmer to save water as well as reduce effort of the farmer for irrigation. It is observed that for the first time an android app inventor used in the irrigation system, which give the facilities of displaying & storing parameter database. Android mobile phones have almost become an integral part of human life serving multiple needs of humans. This application makes use of GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication to inform the user about the exact field condition. The information is passed in the form of SMS.

  10. Automatic recloser circuit breaker integrated with GSM technology for power system notification

    Lada, M. Y.; Khiar, M. S. A.; Ghani, S. A.; Nawawi, M. R. M.; Rahim, N. H.; Sinar, L. O. M.

    2015-05-01

    Lightning is one type of transient faults that usually cause the circuit breaker in the distribution board trip due to overload current detection. The instant tripping condition in the circuit breakers clears the fault in the system. Unfortunately most circuit breakers system is manually operated. The power line will be effectively re-energized after the clearing fault process is finished. Auto-reclose circuit is used on the transmission line to carry out the duty of supplying quality electrical power to customers. In this project, an automatic reclose circuit breaker for low voltage usage is designed. The product description is the Auto Reclose Circuit Breaker (ARCB) will trip if the current sensor detects high current which exceeds the rated current for the miniature circuit breaker (MCB) used. Then the fault condition will be cleared automatically and return the power line to normal condition. The Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) system will send SMS to the person in charge if the tripping occurs. If the over current occurs in three times, the system will fully trip (open circuit) and at the same time will send an SMS to the person in charge. In this project a 1 A is set as the rated current and any current exceeding a 1 A will cause the system to trip or interrupted. This system also provides an additional notification for user such as the emergency light and warning system.

  11. GSM on board aircraft

    Gonzaga López, Carlos

    2008-01-01

    For several years the aircraft industry has been looking for a technology to provide at a reasonable cost a phone service onboard aircraft. Nevertheless, some technical hitches make successful calls via the terrestrial Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) network impossible. The mobiles unable to make reliable contact with ground-based base stations, would transmit with maximum RF power and these RF fields could potentially cause interference with the aircraft communications systems....

  12. Review: Biometric and GSM Security for Lockers

    Sagar S. Palsodkar; Prof S.B. Patil

    2014-01-01

    In this review paper we will develop biometric (finger or face) and GSM technology for bank lockers. Because in this system bank will collect the biometric data of each person for accessing the lockers because in this system only authenticated person recover the money, documents from the lockers. So the biometric and GSM security has more advantages then other system. Because biometric is stored individual identity of a person and GSM is used for sending and receiving message.

  13. GSM Security Using Identity-based Cryptography

    Agarwal, Animesh; Shrimali, Vaibhav; Das, Manik Lal

    2009-01-01

    Current security model in Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) predominantly use symmetric key cryptography. The rapid advancement of Internet technology facilitates online trading, banking, downloading, emailing using resource-constrained handheld devices such as personal digital assistants and cell phones. However, these applications require more security than the present GSM supports. Consequently, a careful design of GSM security using both symmetric and asymmetric key cryptograp...

  14. GSM-Railway as part of the European Rail Traffic Management System

    Bibac, Ionut

    2007-05-01

    GSM-R is a vital component inside the ERTMS which is also an essential element of European Community rail projects; investment in equipping and the rolling stock with ERTMS could reach 5 billion eurodollars in the period 2007-2016. GSM-R is the result of over ten years of collaboration between the various European railway companies, the railway communication industry and the different standardization bodies. GSM-R provides a secure platform for voice and data communication between the operational staff of the railway companies including drivers, dispatchers, shunting team members, train engineers, and station controllers. It delivers advanced features such as group calls, voice broadcast, location based connections, and call pre-emption in case of an emergency, which significantly improves communication, collaboration, and security management across operational staff members. Taking into account the above mentioned, the paper will permit to audience to discover the GSM-R network architecture, services and applications proposed by this technology together with the future development and market situation due to the market liberalization.

  15. GSM Security Using Identity-based Cryptography

    Agarwal, Animesh; Das, Manik Lal

    2009-01-01

    Current security model in Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) predominantly use symmetric key cryptography. The rapid advancement of Internet technology facilitates online trading, banking, downloading, emailing using resource-constrained handheld devices such as personal digital assistants and cell phones. However, these applications require more security than the present GSM supports. Consequently, a careful design of GSM security using both symmetric and asymmetric key cryptography would make GSM security more adaptable in security intensive applications. This paper presents a secure and efficient protocol for GSM security using identity based cryptography. The salient features of the proposed protocol are (i) authenticated key exchange; (ii) mutual authentication amongst communicating entities; and (iii) user anonymity. The security analysis of the protocol shows its strength against some known threats observed in conventional GSM security.

  16. Electromagnetic Radiofrequency Radiation Emitted from GSM Mobile Phones Decreases the Accuracy of Home Blood Glucose Monitors

    Mortazavi, SMJ; Gholampour, M; Haghani, M.; G Mortazavi; Mortazavi, AR

    2014-01-01

    Mobile phones are two-way radios that emit electromagnetic radiation in microwave range. As the number of mobile phone users has reached 6 billion, the bioeffects of exposure to mobile phone radiation and mobile phone electromagnetic interference with electronic equipment have received more attention, globally. As self-monitoring of blood glucose can be a beneficial part of diabetes control, home blood glucose testing kits are very popular. The main goal of this study was to investigate if ra...

  17. GSM on embedded Linux

    Ruotsalainen, Antti

    2013-01-01

    Opinnytetyss tarkasteltiin uuden Raspberry Pi tietokoneen kyttmist alustana matkapuhelimen luomisessa. Matkapuhelimen fyysiset osat koostuvat LCD nytst, GSM moduulista, akusta ja nppimistst. Tyt varten luotiin useita eri GSM toiminnallisuuksia kyttvi esimerkki sovelluksia. Tyss kydn lpi tutkimuksen eri vaiheita ja niiss vastaan tulleitta ongelmia. Tyss esitelln luotuja prototyyppej, kytettyj osia ja teknologioita. Ppaino on kuitenkin Raspberry Pi:n ja GSM mod...

  18. A Model for Monitoring GSM Base Station Radiation Safety in Nigeria

    Dr. Godfrey Ekata

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available A guideline for measuring the radio frequency (RF emissions from the base transceiver stations deployed by Global System Mobile Communications operators in Nigeria is proposed. The guide includes the procedures for measuring the emitted RF power and for determining whether or not the emission exceeds the maximum permissible limits in Nigeria airspace.

  19. Co-channel and Adjacent Channel Interference Measurement of UMTS and GSM/EDGE Systems in 900 MHz Radio Band

    S. Hanus

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper is concerned with inter-system and intra-system interference measurements of 2.5G and 3G mobile communication systems. The both systems UMTS and GSM/EDGE are assumed to operate in a common radio band of 900 MHz. The main system parameters are briefly introduced as well as the measurement scenario. Several simulations and key measurements were performed. Important results are described and commented along with a graphical representation, namely bit error ratio (BER dependence on carrier to noise ratio (CNR in the presence of additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN, the measurement of adjacent channel interference ratio of each system, the coexistence of both systems in same band and the impact of a carrier offset on BER.

  20. Hydrological Monitoring System Design and Implementation Based on IOT

    Han, Kun; Zhang, Dacheng; Bo, Jingyi; Zhang, Zhiguang

    In this article, an embedded system development platform based on GSM communication is proposed. Through its application in hydrology monitoring management, the author makes discussion about communication reliability and lightning protection, suggests detail solutions, and also analyzes design and realization of upper computer software. Finally, communication program is given. Hydrology monitoring system from wireless communication network is a typical practical application of embedded system, which has realized intelligence, modernization, high-efficiency and networking of hydrology monitoring management.

  1. An Electrical Energy Consumer Load Monitoring and Control System Through SMS Based

    J. Tsado; O.C. Goodluck; O. Imoru; M.T. Saba

    2012-01-01

    This study presents an SMS based Consumer Load Monitoring and Control System (CLMCS) incorporating the widely used GSM network to facilitate the communication of electrical energy consumption by the user to his mobile phone. Its operation is centered on an AT89C52 microcontroller programmed in assembly language. A dedicated GSM modem with a SIM card is interfaced to the ports of the microcontroller through a PNP transistor (BC557) and a Normally Closed (NC) relay to send SMS notification aler...

  2. Future alternatives to GSM-R

    Sniady, Aleksander; Soler, José; Dittmann, Lars

    2013-01-01

    Signalling is as fundamental contributor to a robust railway system. European Railway Traffic Management System (ERTMS) enhances dynamic train control, interoperability and track utilization. GSM-R is a communication subsystem in ERTMS.

  3. External GSM phone calls now made simpler

    2007-01-01

    On 2 July, the IT/CS Telecom Service introduced a new service making external calls from CERN GSM phones easier. A specific prefix is no longer needed for calls outside CERN. External calls from CERN GSM phones are to be simplified. It is no longer necessary to use a special prefix to call an external number from the CERN GSM network.The Telecom Section of the IT/CS Group is introducing a new system that will make life easier for GSM users. It is no longer necessary to use a special prefix (333) to call an external number from the CERN GSM network. Simply dial the number directly like any other Swiss GSM customer. CERN currently has its own private GSM network with the Swiss mobile operator, Sunrise, covering the whole of Switzerland. This network was initially intended exclusively for calls between CERN numbers (replacing the old beeper system). A special system was later introduced for external calls, allowing them to pass thr...

  4. Future alternatives to GSM-R

    Sniady, Aleksander; Soler, José; Dittmann, Lars

    Signalling is as fundamental contributor to a robust railway system. European Railway Traffic Management System (ERTMS) enhances dynamic train control, interoperability and track utilization. GSM-R is a communication subsystem in ERTMS.......Signalling is as fundamental contributor to a robust railway system. European Railway Traffic Management System (ERTMS) enhances dynamic train control, interoperability and track utilization. GSM-R is a communication subsystem in ERTMS....

  5. Analysis On GSM Fault Management Unit

    O.A. Osahenvemwen; O.Omorogiuwa

    2011-01-01

    This report is on analysis on GSM fault management unit in operation and support system (Operation and maintenance centre) or OMC of GSM system. To obtain a reliable Telecommunication system which is free of various degree of faults. The integrated faults management unit that was design is a sub-section of the OMC known as operation and maintenance centre, the integrated faults management unit was design with various software such as Netcool Omnibus, AVAPM, Java script for managing of event c...

  6. Development of an autonomous greenhouse gas monitoring system

    Kiernan, Breda M.; Fay, Cormac; Beirne, Stephen; Diamond, Dermot

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the designs of a first and second generation autonomous gas monitoring system and the successful field trial of the final system (2nd generation). Infrared sensing technology is used to detect and measure the greenhouse gases methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) at point sources. The ability to monitor real-time events is further enhanced through the implementation of both GSM and Bluetooth technologies to communicate these data in real-time. These systems are robust...

  7. Solutions to the GSM Security Weaknesses

    Toorani, M.; Beheshti, A. A.

    2010-01-01

    Recently, the mobile industry has experienced an extreme increment in number of its users. The GSM network with the greatest worldwide number of users succumbs to several security vulnerabilities. Although some of its security problems are addressed in its upper generations, there are still many operators using 2G systems. This paper briefly presents the most important security flaws of the GSM network and its transport channels. It also provides some practical solutions to improve the securi...

  8. Exposure setup to study potential adverse effects at GSM 1800 and UMTS frequencies on the auditory systems of rats

    To investigate possible biological effects of exposure to electromagnetic (EM) fields at the frequencies of global system for mobile communication (GSM) 1800 system and universal mobile telecommunication system (UMTS) on the auditory system of rats, an exposure setup for in vivo experiments is presented. The study was carried out in the framework of two European research projects. The target of the investigation was the cochlea. A dosimetric study was performed, both numerically and through direct measurements, to assess the interaction of the radiated fields and the dose distribution in the biological target. For the local exposure of rats, a loop antenna operating at the frequency bands of interest was designed, realised and characterised through numerical and experimental dosimetric procedures. Moreover, an exposure apparatus was set up, consisting of three arrays of four loop antennas, placed on three levels, thus allowing simultaneous exposure of 12 rats to give statistical power to the experiments. To isolate the exposure arrays, the setup was assembled by a wooden rack with EM field absorbing panels, inserted among the levels and at the four sides of the rack. Isolation was verified by direct measurements. Two exposure arrays were simultaneously supplied, whereas the third one was used for sham exposure. Blind exposure was achieved through a black box, hiding physical connections to the microwave power supply. During exposure sessions, rats were restrained in special plastic jigs for repeatable positioning, thus assuring the fixed level of dose in the target. (authors)

  9. Design of Wireless Terminal Based on GSM

    HE Chun-lin

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available GSM network is currently the widest telecommunication network all over the world. GSM radio access technology acts as an important service item of mobile communication services. Using the digital cellular technology, it can provide telecommunication services in the coverage of the GSM cellular network. It has the characteristics of inexpensiveness, rapid service, flexibility, high capacity and satety. In this paper, the advanced software algorithms has been used and GSM radio access terminal (GFRA devices have been designed based on Taiwan ELAN Microcontroller (EM78and the hardware circuits of GSM receiver module. It is mainly from the power supply circuit, cell and control circuit, keyboard and detection circuit, MCU control module, display and control circuit, memory device and GSM module circuit, and so on. Powersupplies circuit of the whole system. Keyboard and detection circuit are completed telephone numbers and related informatioonto input. MCU control module carries through the related control of the communication. Memory device is to complete the dialing and caller information storage. Display and control circuit to the main completed dial-up and call informationsignal strength and other information are displayed.Experment confirms the feasibility of the design and effectiveness of China's remote mountain route to solve difficult problems of communication engineering reference value.

  10. ARM Core Unit Design of a Remote Video Monitoring System

    Jinbiao Hou

    2013-01-01

    In this study, we have a analysis of the ARM core unit design of a remote video monitoring system. An important aspect of a remote video monitoring system is that the image information stored in the monitoring system is transmitted to a remote PC through the GSM/GPRS network. There into the application of the ARM core unit is one part of the design of the entire remote video monitoring system. An ARM core unit is designed based on ARM architecture and ARM chips. It includes hardware and softw...

  11. Human Body Motion Detective Home Security System with Automatic Lamp and User Programmable Text Alert GSM Mobile Phone Number, Unique PIN to Allow Universal Users Using PIR Sensor

    Oyebola B. O

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Insecurity is not a credit to any responsible society, and the conventional use of watch-man has drawbacks of huge risk of life and cost intensive. The use home security system with user programmable text alert GSM mobile phone number with unique PIN to allow universal users with human body motion detective can overcome these limitations. This paper presents reliable security system that is able to recognize human body motion and send an alert message to inform the owner(at any location in the world where there is GSM mobile network coverage of the house through an SMS alert when an unwanted visitor or thief enters the range of the sensor. The system design is in three main phases: the sensitivity, central processing and action. The sensitivity is the perception section that is done through PIR sensor mounted at watch-area, central processing is performed by a programmed microcontroller, and the action (task is done through an interaction of an attached on-board GSM module to the processor (the microcontroller which then send an SMS alert to the user or owner mobile phone number. This system is design to only detect only (or part of human body motion.

  12. Effect of global system for mobile communication (GSM) microwave exposure on blood-brain barrier permeability in rat.

    Fritze, K; Sommer, C; Schmitz, B; Mies, G; Hossmann, K A; Kiessling, M; Wiessner, C

    1997-11-01

    We investigated the effects of global system for mobile communication (GSM) microwave exposure on the permeability of the blood-brain barrier using a calibrated microwave exposure system in the 900 MHz band. Rats were restrained in a carousel of circularly arranged plastic tubes and sham-exposed or microwave irradiated for a duration of 4 h at specific brain absorption rates (SAR) ranging from 0.3 to 7.5 W/kg. The extravasation of proteins was assessed either at the end of exposure or 7 days later in three to five coronal brain slices by immunohistochemical staining of serum albumin. As a positive control two rats were subjected to cold injury. In the brains of freely moving control rats (n = 20) only one spot of extravasated serum albumin could be detected in one animal. In the sham-exposed control group (n = 20) three animals exhibited a total of 4 extravasations. In animals irradiated for 4 h at SAR of 0.3, 1.5 and 7.5 W/kg (n = 20 in each group) five out of the ten animals of each group killed at the end of the exposure showed 7, 6 and 14 extravasations, respectively. In the ten animals of each group killed 7 days after exposure, the total number of extravasations was 2, 0 and 1, respectively. The increase in serum albumin extravasations after microwave exposure reached significance only in the group exposed to the highest SAR of 7.5 W/kg but not at the lower intensities. Histological injury was not observed in any of the examined brains. Compared to other pathological conditions with increased blood-brain barrier permeability such as cold injury, the here observed serum albumin extravasations are very modest and, moreover, reversible. Microwave exposure in the frequency and intensity range of mobile telephony is unlikely to produce pathologically significant changes of the blood-brain barrier permeability. PMID:9386779

  13. Remote Arrhythmia Monitoring System Developed

    York, David W.; Mackin, Michael A.; Liszka, Kathy J.; Lichter, Michael J.

    2004-01-01

    Telemedicine is taking a step forward with the efforts of team members from the NASA Glenn Research Center, the MetroHealth campus of Case Western University, and the University of Akron. The Arrhythmia Monitoring System is a completed, working test bed developed at Glenn that collects real-time electrocardiogram (ECG) signals from a mobile or homebound patient, combines these signals with global positioning system (GPS) location data, and transmits them to a remote station for display and monitoring. Approximately 300,000 Americans die every year from sudden heart attacks, which are arrhythmia cases. However, not all patients identified at risk for arrhythmias can be monitored continuously because of technological and economical limitations. Such patients, who are at moderate risk of arrhythmias, would benefit from technology that would permit long-term continuous monitoring of electrical cardiac rhythms outside the hospital environment. Embedded Web Technology developed at Glenn to remotely command and collect data from embedded systems using Web technology is the catalyst for this new telemetry system (ref. 1). In the end-to-end system architecture, ECG signals are collected from a patient using an event recorder and are transmitted to a handheld personal digital assistant (PDA) using Bluetooth, a short-range wireless technology. The PDA concurrently tracks the patient's location via a connection to a GPS receiver. A long distance link is established via a standard Internet connection over a 2.5-generation Global System for Mobile Communications/General Packet Radio Service (GSM/GPRS)1 cellular, wireless infrastructure. Then, the digital signal is transmitted to a call center for monitoring by medical professionals.

  14. Reduction of Bumblebee Noise Generated by GSM

    Han Su Kyi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This research work presents a method for reducing a bumblebee noise generated by a GSM system. Global smart phone penetration has been very swift and 2nd generation, 3rd generation and 4th generation communication technology are commercially used in the world. GSM technology uses a channel access method that combines frequency division multiple access (FDMA and time division multiple access (TDMA. There are four commercial frequency bands. GSM technology has a burst structure by a TDMA method. And hence, the GSM technology has a disadvantage; radiation noise is generated from an antenna propagation signal of the smart phone, and consequently, the voice quality of the smart phone is degraded. This noise is commonly known as bumblebee noise, buzz noise or TDMA noise. There have been several studies to reduce the noise since a release of GSM technology in a commercial market. Those studies mainly focused on designing infinite impulse response (IIR notch filters by the signal processing technology or on data burst transmission schemes.

  15. Building GSM network in extreme conditions

    Mikulec, M.; Voznak, M.; Fajkus, M.; Partila, P.; Tovarek, J.; Chmelikova, Z.

    2015-05-01

    The paper is focused on the building ad-hoc GSM network based on open source software and low-cost hardware. The created Base Transmission Station can be deployed and put into operation in a few minutes in a required area to ensure private communication between connected GSM mobile terminals. The convergence between BTS station and the other networks is possible through IP network. The paper tries to define connection parameters to provide sufficient quality of voice service between the GSM network and IP Multimedia Subsystem. The paper brings practical results of voice call quality measurement between users inside BTS station mobile network and users inside IP Multimedia Subsystem network. The calls are simulated by low-cost embedded solution for speech quality measurement in GSM network. This tool is under development of our laboratory and allows automatic speech quality measurement of any GSM or UMTS mobile network. The Perceptual Evaluation of Speech Quality method is used to get final comparable results. The communication between BTS station and connected networks has to be secured against the interception from the third party. The influence of the securing method for quality of service is presented in detail. Paper, apart from the quality of service measurement section, describes technical requirements for successful interconnection between BTS and IMS networks. The authentication, authorization and accounting methods in roaming between BTS and IMS system are presented too.

  16. Design of Remote Intelligent Smart Home System Based on Zigbee and GSM Technology

    MOHD ABDUL SAMAD1 , M.VEDA CHARY

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Based on ZIGBEE and GPRS technology a wireless remote and smart home security system has developed. Wireless remote systems for smart home application is developed to analysis and detect the status of home equipments based on GPRS and ZIGBEE technology. It consists of host control system and several sub function module and software. The host control system has GPRS module, a controller, ZIGBEE module and PIR sensor. The several sub function modules consists of the data acquisition module, centralized switch and ZIGBEE module.

  17. Implementation of Low Cost RF Based Attendance Management System Using PSOC 5 and GSM Module

    Sk. Khamuruddeen

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available An Attendance Management System (AMS based on TCP/IP protocol is designed and realized. This paper expounds the principle of the RFID reader device in AMS, its hardware and software design. The reader device takes ARM LM3S9B90 as the core and Philips’s MFRC531 as the transceiver chip of RFID reader. In application, the system works stable and has good real-time performance.

  18. Implementation of Low Cost RF Based Attendance Management System Using PSOC 5 and GSM Module

    Sk. Khamuruddeen

    2013-01-01

    An Attendance Management System (AMS) based on TCP/IP protocol is designed and realized. This paper expounds the principle of the RFID reader device in AMS, its hardware and software design. The reader device takes ARM LM3S9B90 as the core and Philips’s MFRC531 as the transceiver chip of RFID reader. In application, the system works stable and has good real-time performance.

  19. Rolling Stock and GSM-R assessment approach of rail systems for Interoperability

    C. Tatkeu; El-Koursi, Em; DUQUENNE,N

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we present the main provisions concerning the safety regulatory scheme comprising rules and actors such as Railway Undertaking, Infrastructure Manager, Safety authority, Suppliers or Master of work. It highlights the responsibilities of each actor in qualifying and putting into service railway systems. In order to make easier the admission of vehicles into high speed lines and illustrates the common frame of references, an example of mutual recognition between French TGV POS an...

  20. Decision Support System for Alarm Correlation in GSM Networks Based on Artificial Neural Networks

    Ashraf Kamal Arhouma; Saleh M. Amaitik

    2013-01-01

    As mobile networks grow in size and complexity, huge streams of alarms are flooding the operation and maintenance center (OMC). Thus, the operator needs a decision support system that converts these massive alarms to manageable magnitudes. Alarm correlation is very important in improving the service and the efficiency of the maintenance team in mobile networks and in modern telecommunications networks. As any fault in the mobile network results in a number of alarms, correlating these differe...

  1. The Importance of E-Learning and GSM Alarm System in the Medical Engineering

    Maria-Lavinia POPESCU

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The present social context is disturbed by questions, diversity, complexity, and the time and space parameters. Thus it is justifying the change of institution activity at news requirements which oblige and which sometimes are contradictory. That is why a special importance presents the adaptation capacity of entities to continuum improvement of their offers. Thus, the aim of this paper is to present new aspects which can increase the medical services quality. Much more, the paper represents an interdisciplinary approach because it presents the importance of integration of technical aspects with the learning system founded by technology, Internet and electronic materials, all integrated of medical engineering.

  2. CERN GSM SUBSCRIPTIONS

    Labo Telecom

    2002-01-01

    AS Division has created a new EDH document for handling all GSM subscription requests and amendments. This procedure will enter force immediately and from now on the Labo Telecom stores will no longer be able to deal with requests submitted on paper forms. Detailed information on the subject can be found here and the Labo Telecom stores will continue to open every day between 11.00 a.m. and 12.00 midday. IT-CS-TEL, Labo Telecom

  3. Can LTE become an alternative to GSM-R?

    Sniady, Aleksander; Soler, José

    GSM-R is the first widely adopted international mobile communication network for railways. It is a part of the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS), which substitutes legacy national railway signaling technologies. GSM-R is designed to provide two fundamental services: transmission of...... the European Train Control System (ETCS) messages and voice communication for railways. ETCS system offers safe and reliable in-cab signaling and train supervision, which reduces the risk of train driver error and increases the track occupancy. Thus, GSM-R, as a basis for ETCS, contributes to the...

  4. Evaluation of spectrum opportunities in the GSM band

    Carniani, Andrea; Giupponi, Lorenza; Verdone, Roberto; Prez Neira, Ana Isabel

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we explore the possibility of exploiting underutilized channels in the GSM bands. The secondary (unlicensed) users of the spectrum are the nodes of an overlay cognitive ad-hoc network, which opportunistically transmits in data channels left unused by the primary (licensed) system. The fundamental constraints for the secondary system are: 1) it uses the time slots/frequency channels (i.e. data channels) unused by the primary GSM system, 2) its operation does not degrade the perfo...

  5. Design of a GPS/GSM based tracker for the location of stolen items and kidnapped or missing persons in Nigeria

    Francis Enejo Idachaba

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The high rate of kidnapping in Nigeria is fueled inability of security agencies to quickly identify the location of the kidnapped persons. This system combines the position location capabilities of the GPS (Global Positioning System to identify the current location of the kidnapped person or stolen items. These coordinates are time stamped, accessed by the microcontroller and sent to predetermine mobile phones via the GSM network. The GPS readings are accessed at short regular intervals but only the latest five readings are stored per time and these five readings are transmitted on demand by the GSM modem under the control of the Microcontroller upon the receipt of a location request SMS. The system monitors the GSM signal strength as the tracked object or person moves and when the GSM received signal strength falls below a predetermined threshold value, an alert together with the last five location data is sent to the monitoring mobile phones and the control center notifying them that the tracked object is approaching an area without GSM coverage. The system is designed to be permanently on and it is run on batteries that can last for very long periods before requiring a recharge. The unit is designed to be attached to the clothing or strapped on the tracked person in such a way that it can not be easily identified or removed. It also has a panic button which can be activated during an emergency to send the location data to the predetermined numbers.

  6. A Comparative Study of Three TDMA Digital Cellular Mobile Systems (GSM, IS-136 NA-TDMA and PDC Based On Radio Aspect

    Laishram Prabhakar

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available As mobile and personal communication services and networks involve providing seamless global roaming and improve quality of service to its users, the role of such network for numbering and identification and quality of service will become increasingly important, and well defined. All these will enhance performance for the present as well as future mobile and personal communication network, provide national management function in mobile communication network and provide national and international roaming. Moreover, these require standardized subscriber and identities. To meet these demands, mobile computing would use standard networks. Thus, in this study the researcher attempts to highlight a comparative picture of the three standard digital cellular mobile communication systems: (i Global System for Mobile (GSM -- The European Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA Digital Cellular Standard, (ii Interim Standard-136 (IS-136 -- The North American TDMA Digital Cellular Standard (D-AMPS, and (iii Personal Digital Cellular (PDC -- The Japanese TDMA Digital Cellular Standard.

  7. Data fusion for ground target tracking in GSM networks

    Zhang, Miao

    2011-01-01

    Positioning in mobile cellular networks is an exciting research area. The Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) network, as a widely used mobile communication standard around the world, has shown the potential to provide position information. Ground target tracking is a significant application of finding the position of a mobile station (MS). However, a GSM positioning system based on current specifications faces many difficulties to yield an accurate position estimate. Since the sign...

  8. Breaking GSM with rainbow Tables

    Meyer, Steven

    2011-01-01

    Since 1998 the GSM security has been academically broken but no real attack has ever been done until in 2008 when two engineers of Pico Computing (FPGA manufacture) revealed that they could break the GSM encryption in 30 seconds with 200'000$ hardware and precomputed rainbow tables. Since then the hardware was either available for rich people only or was confiscated by government agencies. So Chris Paget and Karsten Nohl decided to react and do the same thing but in a distributed open source form (on torrent). This way everybody could "enjoy" breaking GSM security and operators will be forced to upgrade the GSM protocol that is being used by more than 4 billion users and that is more than 20 years old.

  9. GSM Voice Mail Service TDM Call Control

    Wiselyn Jeyapaul, Ebby

    2012-01-01

    The Voice Mail Service (VMS) enables forwarding of calls to a dedicated Voice Mail Server (VMS) on behalf of the call receiving subscriber during certain conditions such as 'busy subscriber', 'no answer', 'always', etc. The standardization forum 3GPP has specified the Global System for Mobile communication (GSM) while the standardization forum ITU-T has specified the Integrated Services Digital Networks (ISDN) User Part (ISUP) call control protocol. Both of these standards rely on the use of...

  10. SMART ON-BOARD TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM USING GPS/GSM/GPRS TECHNOLOGIES TO REDUCE TRAFFIC VIOLATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

    Saed Tarapiah

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the evolution in transportation technologies makes the necessity for increasing road safety. In this context, we propose the implementation of a smart onboard GPS/GPRS system to be attached to vehicles for monitoring and controlling their speed. In case of traffic speed violation, a GPRS message containing information about the vehicle such as location and maximum speed is sent to a hosting server located in an authorized office so that the violated vehicle is ticketed. Moreover, this system can also track the vehicle’s current location on a Google Map, which is mostly beneficial when vehicles should follow a specific road and in case of robbery. Also geo-casting can have a major role in this model. Some sensors, such as shock/vibration sensor usually attached to the air-bags in vehicles, are attached to the system that in case of accident, it will send notifications to the nearest hospital, police station and civil defense. Our proposed model can be utilized for different implementations, both in public and private sectors. While similar existing systems in Palestine have focalized just on the tracking aspect of vehicles’ monitoring, it would be the first system supporting both ticketing and tracking.

  11. Radioactive source monitoring system based on RFID and GPRS

    Nuclear radiation produced by radioactive source is harmful to the health of human body, and the lost and theft of radioactive source will cause environmental pollution and social panic. In order to solve the abnormal leaks, accidental loss, theft and other problems of the radioactive source, a radioactive source monitoring system based on RFID, GPS, GPRS and GSM technology is put forward. Radiation dose detector and GPS wireless location module are used to obtain the information of radiation dose and location respectively, RFID reader reads the status of a tag fixed on the bottom of the radioactive source. All information is transmitted to the remote monitoring center via GPRS wireless transmission. There will be an audible and visual alarm when radiation dose is out of limits or the state of radioactive source is abnormal, and the monitoring center will send alarming text messages to the managers through GSM Modem at the same time. Thus, the functions of monitoring and alarming are achieved. The system has already been put into operation and is being kept in functional order. It can provide stable statistics as well as accurate alarm, improving the supervision of radioactive source effectively. (authors)

  12. Temperature Monitoring System

    Akshay Chandrachood; Pritee Kulkarni

    2014-01-01

    This paper gives a thorough insight on temperature monitoring system with the help of AVR microcontroller and provides in depth discussion of the same. The system measures the temperature of the corresponding media where sensor is placed. The paper is aimed at development of temperature monitoring system. The system works by monitoring temperature taken from user and maintains the temperature below certain threshold value

  13. Advanced Rescue System for Industrial Monitoring Using ZIGBEE GSM and FPGA

    T. Ariyathangam

    2014-01-01

    The increase of greed in people has paved way to civil-wars and natural disasters. A swift action has to betaken in the relief work of the aftermath of earthquake affected areas, such that any delay in the rescue could lead the death toll to rise. The same can be applied to war fields too. The project focuses on human beings who are alive and struggling for their lives either in the war field or due to natural disasters like earthquakes, to be recognized and rescued in a much fast...

  14. Advanced Rescue System for Industrial Monitoring Using ZIGBEE GSM and FPGA

    T. Ariyathangam

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The increase of greed in people has paved way to civil-wars and natural disasters. A swift action has to betaken in the relief work of the aftermath of earthquake affected areas, such that any delay in the rescue could lead the death toll to rise. The same can be applied to war fields too. The project focuses on human beings who are alive and struggling for their lives either in the war field or due to natural disasters like earthquakes, to be recognized and rescued in a much faster pace. The robot senses humans alive and sends a notification to the mobile to capture the images of the same. The captured image is then sent to the server to view and act accordingly.

  15. Inductive Monitoring System (IMS)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — IMS: Inductive Monitoring System The Inductive Monitoring System (IMS) is a tool that uses a data mining technique called clustering to extract models of normal...

  16. Flight Systems Monitor Project

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This SBIR Phase I project will develop the Flight System Monitor which will use non-intrusive electrical monitoring (NEMO). The electronic system health of...

  17. Multi-Functional Monitoring System

    V VAMSHI KRISHNA1 , M.VEDACHARY2 , SUBHAN VALISHAIK

    2013-01-01

    Instead of having the single application in a system it is better to have multiple applications such that the user can run the vehicle safely and can avoid the accident. Here in this paper we are using a combination of different technologies such as GPS, GSM Technology. Now a days drunken drivers are increasing enormously. Due to this drunken driving, accidents are occurring at high rates. The main reason for driving drunk is that the police are not able to check each and every car. So we nee...

  18. A Triple-band Bandpass Filter using Tri-section Step-impedance and Capacitively Loaded Step-impedance Resonators for GSM, WiMAX, and WLAN systems

    Chomtong, P.; Akkaraekthalin, P.

    2014-05-01

    This paper presents a triple-band bandpass filter for applications of GSM, WiMAX, and WLAN systems. The proposed filter comprises of the tri-section step-impedance and capacitively loaded step-impedance resonators, which are combined using the cross coupling technique. Additionally, tapered lines are used to connect at both ports of the filter in order to enhance matching for the tri-band resonant frequencies. The filter can operate at the resonant frequencies of 1.8 GHz, 3.7 GHz, and 5.5 GHz. At resonant frequencies, the measured values of S11 are -17.2 dB, -33.6 dB, and -17.9 dB, while the measured values of S21 are -2.23 dB, -2.98 dB, and -3.31 dB, respectively. Moreover, the presented filter has compact size compared with the conventional open-loop cross coupling triple band bandpass filters

  19. Battery Monitoring System

    Pavuluri Mounika* , M.Anil Kumar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The project of BMS (Battery Monitoring System gives online and offline status of batteries which are monitored by the bank so that we can prevent the batteries prior to failure However, Battery Monitoring System specifically measure, record and analyze the individual cell and battery module parameters in detail.Continuous monitoring and analysis of these parameters can be used to identify battery or cell deterioration, hence prompting action to avoid unplanned power interruption.Battery Monitoring System (BMS is a microprocessor based intelligent system capable of monitoring the health of battery bank. BMS calculates the battery’s capacity, deterioration of batteries in battery bank during the charge / discharge cycles and actual efficiency of the batteries.It continuously monitors each cell in the battery bank to identify deterioration in the cell prior to failure,identifies the net charge in the battery bank by monitoring charging and discharging currents.

  20. Battery Monitoring System

    Pavuluri Mounika* , M.Anil Kumar

    2013-01-01

    The project of BMS (Battery Monitoring System) gives online and offline status of batteries which are monitored by the bank so that we can prevent the batteries prior to failure However, Battery Monitoring System specifically measure, record and analyze the individual cell and battery module parameters in detail.Continuous monitoring and analysis of these parameters can be used to identify battery or cell deterioration, hence prompting action to avoid unplanned power interruption.Battery Moni...

  1. [GSM fields and health: an updated literature review].

    Vanderstraeten, J

    2009-09-01

    The fields and waves of wireless technologies (GSM or Global System for Mobile communication, Internet, etc.) are by nature not ionizing. At their frequencies, the only mechanism of interaction established to date with living tissues is the transformation of electromagnetic energy in thermal energy in tissues. However, the data of the currently available literature still do not allow to exclude with certainty the possibility of biological effects, and possibly health effects, for exposure intensities lower than the levels likely to cause effects known to be heat activable. In term of equivalent situation of exposure to the GSM fields and waves, the lowest intensities possibly in question correspond in theory to the maxima to which the GSM user can be exposed. These values themselves are at least 3 to 4 orders of magnitude above those commonly encountered in the vicinity of GSM base stations. Finally, epidemiological studies are always in hand and should allow, in the years to come, to raise the uncertainties evoked as for a possible increase in the risk of certain tumours of the head in regular user of the mobile phone, including the GSM. PMID:19899389

  2. Transferring Voice using SMS over GSM Network

    Khan, Muhammad Fahad

    2011-01-01

    The paper presents a methodology of transmitting voice in SMS (Short Message Service) over GSM network. Usually SMS contents are text based and limited to 140 bytes. It supports national and international roaming, but also supported by other telecommunication such as TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access), CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) as well. It can sent/ receive simultaneously with other services. Such features make it favorable for this methodology. For this an application is developed using J2ME platform which is supported by all mobile phones in the world. This algorithm's test is conducted on N95 having Symbian Operating System (OS).

  3. Application of GSM Communication Module in Nuclear Signal Telemetering

    The thesis provide a new kind of nuclear signal telemetering system based on GSM communication module. The integration of non-contact and distributed meterage and unit data process function is achieved. The released detector send information to the control center via GSM Module of both sides, and the information is transported and processed in PC finally. The communication between them has been achieved in lab. After its well development, the system will not only be widely used in the nuclear telemetering field, but also in the accident locate which is toxic, highly radioactive or filled with thick smoke. (authors)

  4. Wireless monitoring system

    A real-time personal dose monitoring system for controlling workers' exposure to radiation when working within a controlled area has been developed. This system consists of an EPD (electronic personal dosemeter), a dedicated radio attachment, a relay station and a monitoring device. EPD information is transmitted to the relay station using a specified low power radio and to the monitoring device via a personal handy-phone system (PHS) or LAN. This paper describes details of an EPD that uses a dedicated radio attachment and personal dose monitoring system. (author)

  5. Remote Maintenance Monitoring System

    Department of Transportation — The Remote Maintenance and Monitoring System (RMMS) is a collection of subsystems that includes telecommunication components, hardware, and software, which serve to...

  6. Aerospace Systems Monitor Project

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Proposal Title: Aerospace Systems Monitor PHASE 1 Technical Abstract: This Phase II STTR project will continue development and commercialization of the Aerospace...

  7. Distributed System Contract Monitoring

    Adrian Francalanza Ph.D

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The use of behavioural contracts, to specify, regulate and verify systems, is particularly relevant to runtime monitoring of distributed systems. System distribution poses major challenges to contract monitoring, from monitoring-induced information leaks to computation load balancing, communication overheads and fault-tolerance. We present mDPi, a location-aware process calculus, for reasoning about monitoring of distributed systems. We define a family of Labelled Transition Systems for this calculus, which allow formal reasoning about different monitoring strategies at different levels of abstractions. We also illustrate the expressivity of the calculus by showing how contracts in a simple contract language can be synthesised into different mDPi monitors.

  8. LAST REMINDER: GSM Operator change

    2003-01-01

    CERN changes its mobile phone operator on 5th January 2004. Your old SIM card and number +41 79 201 XXXX will no longer be valid. Your new number will be +41 76 487 XXXX, but still 16 XXXX inside the CERN area. Your last four digits do not change. To obtain your new SIM card, please fill in the web form at http://it-service-gsm.web.cern.ch/it-service-gsm/ or call tel. 76111 if you do not have access to the web. Dates and places for the distribution of the new SIM cards are: - Meyrin site: Building 504, Restaurant 2, from 26/11 to 5/12; - Prevessin site: Building 866, Restaurant 3, room R-11, from 8/12 to 12/12.

  9. Uninterruptible power supply for GSM/UMTS base stations using fuel cells. PEM-FC back-up system - Final report; Unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung (USV) fuer GSM/UMTS-Basisstationen mit Brennstoffzellen. PEM-FC Back-Up System - Schlussbericht

    Trachte, U.; Wellig, B.; Luethi, E.; Gander, T.; Haerri, V.

    2010-06-15

    The Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts - Lucerne School of Engineering and Architecture conducted field tests with an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) with fuel cell technology since January 2006. The project took place in collaboration with the industrial partners Swisscom (Schweiz) AG, as a user of UPS-systems in telecommunications and the American Power Conversion Corporation as a producer and market leader of UPS-Systems. In this project, the lead-acid batteries were replaced by a PEM fuel cell system. The delayed start-up behaviour of the fuel cell was bridged with supercapacitor technology. The system was connected to an existing working base station of a telecommunication installation, which was installed on the roof of the Lucerne School of Engineering and Architecture in Horw. Hydrogen was provided by two pressurized tanks. The full quantity of hydrogen assured a stand-alone operation for about 6 hours under the load of the telecommunication base station. The field test included monthly grid failure simulations of 5x5 minutes and 2x20 minutes power failures. Also during grid failure simulations for more than 4 hours and during two real outages up to one and a half hour the system provided the demanded power. The field test was performed for a period of three and a half years. Excellent results of the approximately 350 start-up's confirm the functionality, reliability and performance of the system. Under the load of the base station the fuel cell system started with a reliability of 100%. At the end of the tests a decrease of the fuel cell voltage of about 3.3% was measured. The fuel cell system was still fully operational at this time. An amount of energy of about 470 kWh was provided. In addition to the field test, the environmental impact of the lead-acid batteries, which are normally used, and of the fuel cell system was investigated. The comparison between the fuel cell system and lead-acid batteries without recycling showed a reduction of CO{sub 2}-equivalents of nearly 90% within a life cycle of 10 years. In comparison with lead-acid batteries with recycling there is a reduction of more than 80%. During the project period the market changed. An increasing number of fuel cell producers and UPS suppliers became aware that the application of fuel cell's as a back-up system respond to critical market demands. They developed ready-to-market products which are suited to achieve early commercialisation success. Hence for the fuel cell UPS application it is no longer the question of functionality but of a successful market entry. (authors)

  10. UPS Project for GSM base stations with a fuel cell (PEM fuel cell back-up system) - Final report; Projekt USV fuer GSM-Basisstationen mit BZ (PEM fuel cell back-up system) - Abschlussbericht

    Trachte, U.

    2007-07-01

    The University of applied sciences HTA Lucerne designed a prototype of an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) with Fuel Cell technology instead of lead-acid batteries and put it into operation. The delayed start-up of the Fuel Cell was bridged with ultra capacitor technology. In a first project stage the system was designed, assembled and tested in laboratory. In a second stage the installation was connected to a real base station of a telecommunication antenna and put to field tests for one year. The field test included monthly simulations of power failure with antenna load of about 2.4 kW as well as tests with external load up to 8.5 kW to establish the characteristic diagram. Hydrogen was provided by two 50 l pressure tanks. The full quantity of hydrogen secured a stand-alone operation of the Fuel Cell system for about 6 hours under antenna load. The results of the 101 grid-failure simulations demonstrate a very reliable start-up behaviour of the Fuel Cell System. Also during a real power failure due to a thunderstorm the installation provided the demanded power without any problem. The total duration of operation of the Fuel Cell during the field tests was 39 hours. No degradation could be noticed. The project takes place in collaboration with the industrial partners APC Industrial Systems, as a producer and market leader of UPS-Systems, and Swisscom Mobile AG, as a user of UPS-systems in telecommunications. Following the good results and in order to get more experience in long-term operation of the Fuel Cell system the tests will go on for two more years. (author)

  11. Development of structural health monitoring and early warning system for reinforced concrete system

    Many buildings have been damaged due to earthquakes that occurred recently in Indonesia. The main cause of the damage is the large deformation of the building structural component cannot accommodate properly. Therefore, it is necessary to develop the Structural Health Monitoring System (SHMS) to measure precisely the deformation of the building structural component in the real time conditions. This paper presents the development of SHMS for reinforced concrete structural system. This monitoring system is based on deformation component such as strain of reinforcement bar, concrete strain, and displacement of reinforced concrete component. Since the deformation component has exceeded the limit value, the warning message can be sent to the building occupies. This warning message has also can be performed as early warning system of the reinforced concrete structural system. The warning message can also be sent via Short Message Service (SMS) through the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) network. Hence, the SHMS should be integrated with internet modem to connect with GSM network. Additionally, the SHMS program is verified with experimental study of simply supported reinforced concrete beam. Verification results show that the SHMS has good agreement with experimental results

  12. Development of structural health monitoring and early warning system for reinforced concrete system

    Iranata, Data, E-mail: iranata-data@yahoo.com, E-mail: data@ce.its.ac.id; Wahyuni, Endah [Civil Engineering Department, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Surabaya 60111 (Indonesia); Murtiadi, Suryawan [Civil Engineering Department, Universitas Mataram, Mataram 83125 (Indonesia); Widodo, Amien [Geophysical Engineering Department, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Surabaya 60111 (Indonesia); Riksakomara, Edwin; Sani, Nisfu Asrul [Information Systems Department, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Surabaya 60111 (Indonesia)

    2015-04-24

    Many buildings have been damaged due to earthquakes that occurred recently in Indonesia. The main cause of the damage is the large deformation of the building structural component cannot accommodate properly. Therefore, it is necessary to develop the Structural Health Monitoring System (SHMS) to measure precisely the deformation of the building structural component in the real time conditions. This paper presents the development of SHMS for reinforced concrete structural system. This monitoring system is based on deformation component such as strain of reinforcement bar, concrete strain, and displacement of reinforced concrete component. Since the deformation component has exceeded the limit value, the warning message can be sent to the building occupies. This warning message has also can be performed as early warning system of the reinforced concrete structural system. The warning message can also be sent via Short Message Service (SMS) through the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) network. Hence, the SHMS should be integrated with internet modem to connect with GSM network. Additionally, the SHMS program is verified with experimental study of simply supported reinforced concrete beam. Verification results show that the SHMS has good agreement with experimental results.

  13. Safety system status monitoring

    The Pacific Northwest Laboratory has studied the safety aspects of monitoring the preoperational status of safety systems in nuclear power plants. The goals of the study were to assess for the NRC the effectiveness of current monitoring systems and procedures, to develop near-term guidelines for reducing human errors associated with monitoring safety system status, and to recommend a regulatory position on this issue. A review of safety system status monitoring practices indicated that current systems and procedures do not adequately aid control room operators in monitoring safety system status. This is true even of some systems and procedures installed to meet existing regulatory guidelines (Regulatory Guide 1.47). In consequence, this report suggests acceptance criteria for meeting the functional requirements of an adequate system for monitoring safety system status. Also suggested are near-term guidelines that could reduce the likelihood of human errors in specific, high-priority status monitoring tasks. It is recommended that (1) Regulatory Guide 1.47 be revised to address these acceptance criteria, and (2) the revised Regulatory Guide 1.47 be applied to all plants, including those built since the issuance of the original Regulatory Guide

  14. Eavesdropping on GSM: state-of-affairs

    Broek, Fabian van den

    2011-01-01

    In the almost 20 years since GSM was deployed several security problems have been found, both in the protocols and in the - originally secret - cryptography. However, practical exploits of these weaknesses are complicated because of all the signal processing involved and have not been seen much outside of their use by law enforcement agencies. This could change due to recently developed open-source equipment and software that can capture and digitize signals from the GSM frequencies. This might make practical attacks against GSM much simpler to perform. Indeed, several claims have recently appeared in the media on successfully eavesdropping on GSM. When looking at these claims in depth the conclusion is often that more is claimed than what they are actually capable of. However, it is undeniable that these claims herald the possibilities to eavesdrop on GSM using publicly available equipment. This paper evaluates the claims and practical possibilities when it comes to eavesdropping on GSM, using relatively che...

  15. Remote monitoring system enhancements

    The Illinois Department of Nuclear Safety or IDNS is responsible for protecting the public from the hazards of radiation and radioactive materials. IDNS was created in 1980 following the accident at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania. One part of the Department's responsibility is to recommend protective actions to the Governor in case of an accident at any of Illinois' 13 commercial nuclear power reactors. To handle that responsibility, IDNS has developed the most extensive remote reactor monitoring system in the nation. This state-of-the-art monitoring system has several components including: a computer linked data system so that IDNS can monitor important safety systems at the reactors; an in-stack monitor which analyzes gaseous emissions from each reactor, and a network of gamma radiation monitors which are located approximately 2 miles from each reactor and which are placed so that they encircle the plant. This paper focuses on the Department's plans for using photovoltaic power for the gamma radiation monitors which encircle the power plants. It describes the monitors and the importance of reliability of their power source; plans for testing photovoltaic power for these monitors; and progress to date on this project

  16. Radiation monitoring system

    Along with the wide developments of the fields of environment research and fields of nuclear applications, the radiation monitoring requirements on working places are indispensable. In nuclear researching, carrying and storing nuclear sources are in routine. Then, the radiation intensity should be monitor continuously. This system helps nuclear officer able to know and acquire information from places where exist nuclear radiations continuously. (author)

  17. Remote monitoring system

    The present invention provides a system for remote diagnosis of facilities disposed to not accessible places and for confirming a state of the inside of closed chambers upon occurrence of abnormality. Namely, a flying type monitoring robot is used as a monitoring means. When monitoring the inside of a closed vessel in the plant, a mechanism for securing the flying type monitoring robot secured to the chamber can be released from outside of the chamber. Then, when abnormality should occur in the chamber, the condition can be confirmed from various view points by remote operation. In addition, if the securing mechanism is released by alarm signals of a different plant monitoring system, influences of abnormality occurred in a different plant applied to the closed chamber can be confirmed, and presence or absence of abnormality can be monitored by remote operation. In addition, when an automatic navigation system is loaded on the flying type monitoring robot, the securing mechanism can be released by alarm signals of the different plant monitoring system in addition to the robot can stand-by while hovering at a predetermined place and fly to a place to be assumed as abnormal under automatic control. (I.S.)

  18. Surge currents and voltages at the low voltage power mains during lightning strike to a GSM tower

    Markowska, Renata [Bialystok Technical University (Poland)], E-mail: remark@pb.edu.pl

    2007-07-01

    The paper presents the results of numerical calculations of lightning surge currents and voltages in the low voltage power mains system connected to a free standing GSM base station. Direct lightning strike to GSM tower was studied. The analysis concerned the current that flows to the transformer station through AC power mains, the potential difference between the grounding systems of the GSM and the transformer stations and the voltage differences between phase and PE conductors of the power mains underground cable at both the GSM and the transformer sides. The calculations were performed using a numerical program based on the electromagnetic field theory and the method of moments. (author)

  19. ONLINE HEALTH MONITORING SYSTEM USING ZIGBEE

    S.Josephine Selvarani

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available An on-line health monitoring of physiological signals of humans such as temperature and pulse using Zigbee is produced in this paper, by which the temperature and pulse of humans can be monitored from a distant location and some abnormalities can be easily indicated via SMS .The physiological measurements obtained from the temperature sensor and heart beat sensor are transmitted to the programmed microcontroller to the PC through Zigbee. The PC collects the physiological measurements and also sends SMS, to the indicated mobile number through a GSM modem.

  20. Nonlinear Filtering for Hybrid GPS/GSM Mobile Terminal Tracking

    Carsten Fritsche

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The Global Positioning System (GPS has become one of the state-of-the-art location systems that offers reliable mobile terminal (MT location estimates. However, there exist situations where GPS is not available, for example, when the MT is used indoors or when the MT is located close to high buildings. In these scenarios, a promising approach is to combine the GPS-measured values with measured values from the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM, which is known as hybrid localization method. In this paper, three nonlinear filters, namely, an extended Kalman filter, a Rao-Blackwellized unscented Kalman filter, and a modified version of the recently proposed cubature Kalman filter, are proposed that combine pseudoranges from GPS with timing advance and received signal strengths from GSM. The three filters are compared with each other in terms of performance and computational complexity. Posterior Cramér-Rao lower bounds are evaluated in order to assess the theoretical performance. Furthermore, it is investigated how additional GPS reference time information available from GSM influences the performance of the hybrid localization method. Simulation and experimental results show that the proposed hybrid method outperforms the GSM method.

  1. Aerospace Systems Monitor Project

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This Phase I STTR project will demonstrate the Aerospace System Monitor (ASM). This technology transforms the power distribution network in a spacecraft or aircraft...

  2. Remote tool monitoring system

    As plant maintenance programs strive to improve plant efficiency, safety, and reliability, there is an increase in the use of automated tooling and systems. As a result, the need for a flexible and dependable remote monitoring system is evident. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) has designed a state-of-the-art remote tool monitoring system for the Pt. Lepreau Retube and upcoming Wolsong Retube. This system has the ability to view, to monitor, and to control numerous tools from site and from remote locations anywhere in the world. It consists of the Voice Communication System (VCS), the Video Observation System (VOS), the Retube System Software (RSS), and the Remote Retube Operations Centre (RROC). The VCS, VOS, RSS, and RROC work together to provide an unparalleled level of information on the tooling and refurbishment process which is not only useful during the refurbishment work, but also for operator training and future tool design. (author)

  3. Design and testing of a GPS/GSM collar prototype to combat cattle rustling

    Francesco M. Tangorra

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Rustling is an age-old practice that was widespread in Italy until the first half of the 20th century. Today, incidents of cattle rustling are again being reported. However, the problem is not only found in Italy. It is also becoming a plague for ranchers in the US and is still rampant in East Africa. In Italy, the cattle rustling phenomena have usually been limited through the direct control of the herdsmen. Global positioning system (GPS and geographic information system (GIS combined technologies are increasingly applied for tracking and monitoring livestock with greater spatial and temporal resolution. However, so far, no case studies of the use of GPS technology to combat cattle rustling have been reported in the literature. The aim of this research was to develop a GPS/GSM (global system for mobile communication collar, using commercial hardware and implementing a specific software [ARVAshepherd 1.0; ARVAtec Srl, Rescaldina (MI, Italy] to track animals movements outside their grazing area and to signal when animals are straying outside virtual perimeters. A phase I study was conducted from January to June 2011 to build the GPS/GSM collar and to assess its performances in terms of GPS accuracy and precision, while a phase II study was conducted in July 2011 to test the GPS collar under real-life operating conditions. The static GPS positioning error achieved a circular error probable (50% and horizontal 95% accuracy of 1.462 m and 4.501 m, respectively. This is comparable with values obtained by other authors in static tests of a commercial GPS collar for grazing studies. In field tests, the system was able to identify the incorrect position of the cattle and the warning messages were sent promptly to the farmer, continuing until the animals had been repositioned inside the fence, thus highlighting the potential of the GPS/GSM collar as an anti-theft system.

  4. LCS Capable GSM Network

    Oza, Tejas

    2015-01-01

    This thesis is about Location Based Services which intends to acquire the location of the mobile phone. The goal of our thesis project is to extend the Mobile Switching Centre and Base Station Controller with location based support which is a part of the Global System for Mobile Communications that follows the 3rd Generation Partnership Project standards and integrate with the Mobile Arts Home Location Register, Gateway Mobile Location Centre and Serving Mobile Location Centre. To achieve thi...

  5. Modified TEM cell design exposure system for in vitro exposure of cultured human astrocytes to 900 MHz GSM mobile phone type signals

    Full text: A key to the rigour of any experiment seeking to investigate possible effects on living systems of the electromagnetic energy (EME) from mobile phones is to ensure that the exposures used are accurately known and reflect the actual exposures. To achieve well controlled and characterised radiofrequency (RF) exposures is not trivial, and has been a concern in many previous studies. At St Vincent's Hospital Centre for Immunology (CFI), an in vitro study is being performed of possible gene expression changes in cultured human astrocytes exposed to GSM mobile phone type signals. In order to provide rigorous RF dosimetry for the study, Telstra Research Laboratories (TRL) has developed a modified transverse electromagnetic (TEM) cell exposure system. This paper will describe salient aspects of the design and development of the system used at CFI. In the experimental design proposed by CFI, live human astrocyte cells are exposed in standard FalconTM 25 cm3 plastic culture flasks while incubated in a CO2 atmosphere at 37 deg C. The cells typically exist as a very thin monolayer (microns) adhered to the bottom of the flask under a layer of several millimetres of nutrient media. This particular arrangement presents a number of challenges for the design of an appropriate RF exposure system. Many RF exposure systems rely on measurements of average absorption within the target material to determine the specific absorption rate (SAR) in the sample. The actual SAR at any given point in the exposed volume may differ markedly from this average value, and typically varies quadratically with height (h) within the sample, where h is taken to be in the direction of the incident electric (E) field. This variance may be tolerable where the cells are distributed in solution throughout the volume, but this is not the case in this instance. Alternatively, keeping the sample very thin can reduce the variance. However, this limits the efficiency of the system, so that high input power is required to achieve measurable SAR. In Burkhardt et al an analysis is performed of the exposure within a TEM cell. In particular, for thin samples, an analytical formulation is derived that provides SAR as a function of h. The applicability of the formula is limited in the current work because the sample height is relatively large in the interests of producing acceptable SAR with the available RF power. Consequently, a finite-difference model of the exposure geometry was developed using the XFDTD package. A comparison with the Burkhardt formula showed that the accuracy of the formula diminishes for thicknesses greater than h = 4 mm. The XFDTD model also highlights the desired uniformity of the SAR on the bottom level where the cells are present. To simplify modeling, it was important that plane wave conditions be maintained in the exposure chamber. These conditions exist within a TEM cell design as long as the absorbing volume is not too thick, presenting another constraint on sample thickness and hence power efficiency. A further constraint on thickness was that the nutrient media layer needed to be sufficiently thin to allow diffusion to the cells of the CO2 atmosphere of the chamber in which the entire exposure system is incubated. Based on considerations of physical size and required field characteristics, a modified transverse electromagnetic TEM was chosen. Modifications included provision of adequate ventilation; access ports and inserts to allow placement of two standard 25 cm3 culture flasks so that the cell monolayer was positioned at the midpoint of the volume of the TEM cell; and fixtures to allow ingress and accurate location of the fluoroptic temperature probes used in the SAR calibration of the TEM cell. The TEM cell is supplied with a signal that simulates the transmissions from a standard GSM mobile phone. Maximum peak RMS power to the TEM cell is 20 W, with average RMS power of 2.5 W. Measured return loss is greater than 30 dB. Total absorbed power with the TEM cell loaded with two flasks containing media is less than 4% of forward power, indicating stable field conditions within the TEM cell. The TEM cell is contained inside a 37 deg C CO2 incubator and is connected via coaxial cable to the RF generating and measurement equipment located outside the incubator. The calibration has several dependencies, including height and shape of the sample, dielectric properties, temperature, and the frequency of exposure. Modeling at TRL to determine power efficiency, and St Vincent's own experience maintaining viable cell cultures under these conditions, suggested that a media height of 6 mm in the standard flask was the most appropriate geometry. SAR calibrations were performed for samples consisting of 6 mm of RPMI media in a standard 25 cm3 flask at 37 deg C exposed to 900 MHz unmodulated carrier. Dielectric values for the nutrient media at 37 deg C were taken from previous work. Calibrations were performed by direct temperature measurement using fluoroptic temperature probes in gelled media, and also by computer modeling using both the Burkhardt formulation and TRL's XFDTD model. For the configuration tested here, a SAR of approximately 0.1 Wkg-1 was achieved for an input power of 20 W RMS peak, modulated as described previously. In this paper, the variation in results between these methods is compared and the reason for any differences is postulated

  6. TO ALL CERN GSM USERS

    1999-01-01

    Due to modifications introduced by SWISSCOM to their GSM network, the following changes will be made on Monday 5 July 1999:the CERN Closed User Group (CUG) area will extend to the whole of Switzerland for a period of approximately 3 monthsthe prefixes 0 and/or 11, hitherto used by authorised subscribers to make outside calls via the CERN telephone exchange, will be replaced by the prefix 22.Further information can be obtained on the Web at the following URL:http://nicewww.cern.ch/st/el/telecom/GSMopE.htm

  7. Neutron flux monitoring system

    A new system for monitoring a nuclear reactor's power and its doubling time was developed. The system utilizes neutron flux detectors placed at the vicinity of the reactor, and generates alarms and emergency shutdown whenever the neutron flux is too high or changes are too rapid. In addition, the system transfers information to the reactor power control system and to the data loggers. Using of modern precision electronics techniques assisted in reducing the number of electromechanical parts, thus increasing the system reliability

  8. Microcontroller - Based System for Electrogastrography Monitoring Through Wireless Transmission

    Haddab, S.; Laghrouche, M.

    2009-01-01

    Electrogastrography (EGG) is a non-invasive method for recording the electrical activity of the stomach. This paper presents a system designed for monitoring the EGG physiological variables of a patient outside the hospital environment. The signal acquisition is achieved by means of an ambulatory system carried by the patient and connected to him through skin electrodes. The acquired signal is transmitted via the Bluetooth to a mobile phone where the data are stored into the memory and then transferred via the GSM network to the processing and diagnostic unit in the hospital. EGG is usually contaminated by artefacts and other signals, which are sometimes difficult to remove. We have used a neural network method for motion artefacts removal and biological signal separation.

  9. Route 66: Passively Breaking All GSM Channels

    Vejre, Philip S.; Bogdanov, Andrey

    The A5/2 stream cipher used for encryption in the GSM mobile phone standard has previously been shown to have serious weaknesses. Due to a lack of key separation and flaws in the security protocols, these vulnerabilities can also compromise the stronger GSM ciphers A5/1 and A5/3. Despite GSM's hu...... updating procedure of the GSM protocol. This update is performed automatically even when the phone is not actively used. Interestingly, the attack potentially enables eavesdropping of future calls.......The A5/2 stream cipher used for encryption in the GSM mobile phone standard has previously been shown to have serious weaknesses. Due to a lack of key separation and flaws in the security protocols, these vulnerabilities can also compromise the stronger GSM ciphers A5/1 and A5/3. Despite GSM's huge...... impact in the field, only a small selection of its channels have been analyzed. In this paper, we perform a complete practical-complexity, ciphertext-only cryptanalysis of all 66 encoded GSM channels. Moreover, we present a new passive attack which recovers the encryption key by exploiting the location...

  10. CTBT international monitoring system

    It is a requirement of the Comprehensive Test-Ban Treaty that there will be an International Monitoring System (IMS) to detect any clandestine nuclear weapon detonation in any environment - under-ground, under-water, or above-ground. The aim of the IMS is detection, identification, and location of any such test, and the technologies involved will be seismological, hydroacoustic, infrasound, and atmospheric radionuclide monitoring. In support of these technologies there will be appropriate means of global communication and an International Data Centre to which monitoring data will be transmitted. This article describes each technology. (author)

  11. SMS service from your GSM mobile phone

    IT Department

    2009-01-01

    The exchange of SMS (Short Message Service) messages is a very popular application of GSM mobile services. However, the use of the application with a CERN subscription is subject to certain conditions: First of all, only text messages can be sent and received with a CERN GSM subscription. These messages are limited to 160 characters. MMS (Multimedia Message Service) messages, which consist in attaching pictures, videos or sounds to a message, are not supported by the current CERN mobile network configuration. In addition, value-added SMS or SMS premium messages (e.g. messages to short numbers involving extra charges) are not permitted. Before sending a message, you must first record the number of the message centre (+41765980000) in your mobile. In principle, this configuration setting is automatically applied to all standard GSM mobile phones when they are issued. To send a message to another GSM user, you must of course enter his or her GSM number. This number must be e...

  12. Urine Monitoring System

    Feedback, Daniel L.; Cibuzar, Branelle R.

    2009-01-01

    The Urine Monitoring System (UMS) is a system designed to collect an individual crewmember's void, gently separate urine from air, accurately measure void volume, allow for void sample acquisition, and discharge remaining urine into the Waste Collector Subsystem (WCS) onboard the International Space Station. The Urine Monitoring System (UMS) is a successor design to the existing Space Shuttle system and will resolve anomalies such as: liquid carry-over, inaccurate void volume measurements, and cross contamination in void samples. The crew will perform an evaluation of airflow at the ISS UMS urinal hose interface, a calibration evaluation, and a full user interface evaluation. o The UMS can be used to facilitate non-invasive methods for monitoring crew health, evaluation of countermeasures, and implementation of a variety of biomedical research protocols on future exploration missions.

  13. Transferring standards: lessons from GSM-R in the railway sector

    Laperrouza, Marc

    2008-01-01

    In the mid 1990s the European railway community – under the aegis of the Union Internationale des Chemins de fer (UIC) – opted for GSM as the standard to replace existing analogue railway radio systems. The decision was taken on two grounds: GSM was a non-proprietary standard (i.e. open standard) and it fulfilled the needs of railway operators. Other arguments put forward to support the choice was that choosing GSM would have the advantage to remain close to the development of the public m...

  14. Evaluation of Noise in Hearing Instruments Caused by GSM and DECT Mobile Telephones

    Hansen, Mie Østergaard; Poulsen, Torben

    1996-01-01

    The annoyance of noise in hearing instruments caused by electromagnetic interference from Global systems for Mobile Communication (GSM) and Digital European Cordless Telecommunication (DECT) mobile telephones has been subjectively evaluated by test subjects. The influence on speech recognition fr...

  15. Plant monitor system

    A plant monitoring system is described which could be used in the operation of a commercial nuclear power plant. This new device overcomes previous operator difficulties associated with information overload for too many separate systems, such as monitoring, control and protection, which could lead to errors or even reactor accidents such as the Three Mile Island incident in 1975. User-friendly, up-to-date computer technology has enabled more information to be displayed in a variety of forms without over-stressing the operator. (UK)

  16. Car monitoring information systems

    Alica KALAŠOVÁ

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this contribution is to characterize alternatives of information systems used for managing, processing and evaluation of information related to company vehicles. Especially we focus on logging, transferring and processing of on-road vehicle movement information in inland and international transportation. This segment of company information system has to monitor the car movement – actively or passively – according to demand of the company and after the processing it has to evaluate and give the complex monitoring of a situation of all the company vehicles to the controller.

  17. Wearable Health Monitoring Systems

    Bell, John

    2015-01-01

    The shrinking size and weight of electronic circuitry has given rise to a new generation of smart clothing that enables biological data to be measured and transmitted. As the variation in the number and type of deployable devices and sensors increases, technology must allow their seamless integration so they can be electrically powered, operated, and recharged over a digital pathway. Nyx Illuminated Clothing Company has developed a lightweight health monitoring system that integrates medical sensors, electrodes, electrical connections, circuits, and a power supply into a single wearable assembly. The system is comfortable, bendable in three dimensions, durable, waterproof, and washable. The innovation will allow astronaut health monitoring in a variety of real-time scenarios, with data stored in digital memory for later use in a medical database. Potential commercial uses are numerous, as the technology enables medical personnel to noninvasively monitor patient vital signs in a multitude of health care settings and applications.

  18. Estimation Of Mobile Positioning For Lbs Using Gps-Gsm Technology

    P.SRAVANTHI

    2013-01-01

    Location estimation using the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) is an emerging application that infers the location of the mobile receiver from multiple signals measurements. The approach is based on the use of an inherent feature of the GSM cellular system and on the use of this information to estimate the phone’s location. Mobile positioning is the key aspect in providing the location based services. To offer reliable Location Based Services (LBS) of 3G communication, accurate po...

  19. Using of GSM and Wi-Fi Signals for Indoor Positioning Based on Fingerprinting Algorithms

    Juraj Machaj; Peter Brida

    2015-01-01

    In the paper framework for indoor positioning utilizing Wi-Fi and GSM signals is introduced. Nowadays, indoor positioning is a very attractive topic for researchers, since accurate and reliable positioning system can unlock new market to service providers. In this paper we will analyse the use of Wi-Fi and GSM signals and their combination for the fingerprinting based positioning in the indoor environment. Performance of positioning system in terms of accuracy was analysed using simulations. ...

  20. Precesion Agriculture for Drip Irrigation Using Microcontroller and GSM Technology

    Dr. Deepak Gupta* ,

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Drip irrigation is now a common phenomenon gaining popularity especially in the states like Rajasthan where water scarcity is a day to day affair. For drip irrigation a small over head water tank in used which supply water to the drip system. Usually the geographic systems as well as the cost do not permit a bigger tank. This tank generally gets vacated and a farmer needs to be always attentive to refill the over head tank from his well or cannel by an electric pump, mostly this need arises in the night as the availability of power is not whole day. This involved a lot of risk and cost on the part of farmer. The simple and low cost gadget that has been work upon, not only control the starting and stopping of motor by sending a simple SMS through a GSM mobile but also gets the return SMS showing level of water in overhead tank. The application of the gadget is not only limited to the use for a farmer & but can be beneficial for any process industry in which level of a chemical or any liquid need to be crucially controlled and monitored from far end, may be even from the home of a supervisor with no constraints of time or place for controlling the operations.

  1. Benzene Monitor System report

    Two systems for monitoring benzene in aqueous streams have been designed and assembled by the Savannah River Technology Center, Analytical Development Section (ADS). These systems were used at TNX to support sampling studies of the full-scale open-quotes SRAT/SME/PRclose quotes and to provide real-time measurements of benzene in Precipitate Hydrolysis Aqueous (PHA) simulant. This report describes the two ADS Benzene Monitor System (BMS) configurations, provides data on system operation, and reviews the results of scoping tests conducted at TNX. These scoping tests will allow comparison with other benzene measurement options being considered for use in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) laboratory. A report detailing the preferred BMS configuration statistical performance during recent tests has been issued under separate title: Statistical Analyses of the At-line Benzene Monitor Study, SCS-ASG-92-066. The current BMS design, called the At-line Benzene Monitor (ALBM), allows remote measurement of benzene in PHA solutions. The authors have demonstrated the ability to calibrate and operate this system using peanut vials from a standard Hydragard trademark sampler. The equipment and materials used to construct the ALBM are similar to those already used in other applications by the DWPF lab. The precision of this system (0.5% Relative Standard Deviation (RSD) at 1 sigma) is better than the purge ampersand trap-gas chromatograpy reference method currently in use. Both BMSs provide a direct measurement of the benzene that can be purged from a solution with no sample pretreatment. Each analysis requires about five minutes per sample, and the system operation requires no special skills or training. The analyzer's computer software can be tailored to provide desired outputs. Use of this system produces no waste stream other than the samples themselves (i.e. no organic extractants)

  2. Benzene Monitor System report

    Livingston, R.R.

    1992-10-12

    Two systems for monitoring benzene in aqueous streams have been designed and assembled by the Savannah River Technology Center, Analytical Development Section (ADS). These systems were used at TNX to support sampling studies of the full-scale {open_quotes}SRAT/SME/PR{close_quotes} and to provide real-time measurements of benzene in Precipitate Hydrolysis Aqueous (PHA) simulant. This report describes the two ADS Benzene Monitor System (BMS) configurations, provides data on system operation, and reviews the results of scoping tests conducted at TNX. These scoping tests will allow comparison with other benzene measurement options being considered for use in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) laboratory. A report detailing the preferred BMS configuration statistical performance during recent tests has been issued under separate title: Statistical Analyses of the At-line Benzene Monitor Study, SCS-ASG-92-066. The current BMS design, called the At-line Benzene Monitor (ALBM), allows remote measurement of benzene in PHA solutions. The authors have demonstrated the ability to calibrate and operate this system using peanut vials from a standard Hydragard{trademark} sampler. The equipment and materials used to construct the ALBM are similar to those already used in other applications by the DWPF lab. The precision of this system ({+-}0.5% Relative Standard Deviation (RSD) at 1 sigma) is better than the purge & trap-gas chromatograpy reference method currently in use. Both BMSs provide a direct measurement of the benzene that can be purged from a solution with no sample pretreatment. Each analysis requires about five minutes per sample, and the system operation requires no special skills or training. The analyzer`s computer software can be tailored to provide desired outputs. Use of this system produces no waste stream other than the samples themselves (i.e. no organic extractants).

  3. GSM/EDGE evolution and performance

    Saily, Mikko; Riddington, Eddie

    2010-01-01

    With over four billion subscribers Worldwide, GSM/EDGE is by far the World's most successful communications technology of all time. Ubiquitous, deployed in every country of the World, except in Japan and South Korea, GSM/EDGE is the result of a continued evolution that has spanned over two decades. A leading team of experts from Nokia, Nokia Siemens Networks and Instituto Nokia de Tecnologia, guide you from the history of GSM standardization to the cutting-edge techniques in the latest 3GPP releases. Covering 3GPP Release 7 and Release 8, and addressing their motivation and detailing their c

  4. Inductive System Monitors Tasks

    2008-01-01

    The Inductive Monitoring System (IMS) software developed at Ames Research Center uses artificial intelligence and data mining techniques to build system-monitoring knowledge bases from archived or simulated sensor data. This information is then used to detect unusual or anomalous behavior that may indicate an impending system failure. Currently helping analyze data from systems that help fly and maintain the space shuttle and the International Space Station (ISS), the IMS has also been employed by data classes are then used to build a monitoring knowledge base. In real time, IMS performs monitoring functions: determining and displaying the degree of deviation from nominal performance. IMS trend analyses can detect conditions that may indicate a failure or required system maintenance. The development of IMS was motivated by the difficulty of producing detailed diagnostic models of some system components due to complexity or unavailability of design information. Successful applications have ranged from real-time monitoring of aircraft engine and control systems to anomaly detection in space shuttle and ISS data. IMS was used on shuttle missions STS-121, STS-115, and STS-116 to search the Wing Leading Edge Impact Detection System (WLEIDS) data for signs of possible damaging impacts during launch. It independently verified findings of the WLEIDS Mission Evaluation Room (MER) analysts and indicated additional points of interest that were subsequently investigated by the MER team. In support of the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate, IMS is being deployed as an anomaly detection tool on ISS mission control consoles in the Johnson Space Center Mission Operations Directorate. IMS has been trained to detect faults in the ISS Control Moment Gyroscope (CMG) systems. In laboratory tests, it has already detected several minor anomalies in real-time CMG data. When tested on archived data, IMS was able to detect precursors of the CMG1 failure nearly 15 hours in advance of the actual failure event. In the Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate, IMS successfully performed real-time engine health analysis. IMS was able to detect simulated failures and actual engine anomalies in an F/A-18 aircraft during the course of 25 test flights. IMS is also being used in colla

  5. Improvement of the Time Difference of Arrival (TDOA) estimation of GSM signals using wavelets

    Hippenstiel, Ralph Dieter; Haney, Timothy; Tri T. Ha

    2000-01-01

    The problem of localization of wireless emitters (GSM based) using time difference of arrival (TDOA) techniques is studied. The wavelet transform and denoising techniques are used to increase the accuracy of the TDOA estimate. GSM like signals are simulated using the Hewlett-Packard Advanced Designs System (HP-ADS) software. Improvement in the mean squared error (MSE) of the TDOA estimate is demonstrated. It is shown that the improvement depends on signal to noise (SNR) ratio, data length, ba...

  6. Hydrogen monitoring system

    The system for measuring the hydrogen concentration within the containment of nuclear power plants is equipped with H2 sensors. By this way it is possible to monitor the area and time distribution of hydrogen concentration after a Loss of Coolant Accident continuously, simultaneously and without a sampling system, e.g. without radiation exposure of the operating personal. The locations inside containment to be supervised abd the positioning of the sensors are tailored to suit the individual plant conditions. The measuring values are indicated in the main control room. The system is designed to be back fitted in existing NPPs. (Authors)

  7. Internet Access from CERN GSM subscriptions

    IT Department

    2008-01-01

    The data service on GSM subscriptions has been improved, allowing CERN users to access the Internet directly. A CERN GSM subscription with data option now allows you to connect to the Internet from a mobile phone or a PC equipped with a GSM modem. The previous access (CERN intranet) still exists. To get access to the new service, you will find all the information on configurations at: http://cern.ch/gprs The use of this service on the Sunrise network is charged on a flat-rate basis (no extra charge related to the volume of downloaded data). Depending on your CERN subscription type (standard or master), you can also connect to foreign GSM data networks (roaming), but this is strongly discouraged, except where absolutely necessary, due to international roaming charges. Telecom Section, IT/CS

  8. Q GSM tegi konkurentidele dnamo / Aivar Hundimgi

    Hundimgi, Aivar, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Mobiilsideoperaatorile Q GSM (praegune Tele2) edu taganud turundusstrateegiatest. Lisad: Q GSMi Dynamo teenuspaketi eesmrgid; Q GSMist sai Tele2. Diagramm: 2000. aastal turule toodud Dynamo pakett ti murrangu

  9. System for EKG Monitoring

    Jakub Ševcík

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the system for the electrocardiogram (EKG monitoring based on the of Arduino microcontroller is presented. Detailed description of the electrocardiogram itself serves as a ground for building the proposed hardware and software solution. The software implementation is in a form of both, Matlab environment, and own application. Final output enables retrieval of the actual data in real time and further and provide the rudimentary diagnosis. Utilization of such device is for self home diagnosis of arrhythmia.

  10. System for EKG Monitoring

    Jakub Ševcík; Ondrej Kainz; Peter Fecilak; František Jakab

    2015-01-01

    In this paper the system for the electrocardiogram (EKG) monitoring based on the of Arduino microcontroller is presented. Detailed description of the electrocardiogram itself serves as a ground for building the proposed hardware and software solution. The software implementation is in a form of both, Matlab environment, and own application. Final output enables retrieval of the actual data in real time and further and provide the rudimentary diagnosis. Utilization of such device is for self h...

  11. Cloud IoT Based Greenhouse Monitoring System

    Keerthi.v

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This project explains the design and implementation of an electronic system based on GSM (Global System for Mobile communication, cloud computing and Internet of Things (IoT for sensing the climatic parameters in the greenhouse. Based on the characteristics of accurate perception, efficient transmission and intelligent synthesis of Internet of Things and cloud computing, the system can obtain real-time environmental information for crop growth and then be transmitted. The system can monitor a variety of environmental parameters in greenhouse effectively and meet the actual agricultural production requirements. Devices such as temperature sensor, light sensor, relative humidity sensor and soil moisture sensor are integrated to demonstrate the proposed system. This research focuses on developing a system that can automatically measure and monitor changes of temperature, light, Humidity and moisture level in the greenhouse. The quantity and quality of production in greenhouses can be increased. The procedure used in our system provides the owner with the details online irrespective of their presence onsite. The main system collects environmental parameters inside greenhouse tunnel every 30 seconds. The parameters that are collected by a network of sensors are being logged and stored online using cloud computing and Internet of Things (IoT together called as Cloud Iot.

  12. Bulk laundry monitoring system

    Protective wear (like boiler suits, hand gloves etc.) is essential while handling radioactive material in plants/laboratories. During the course of work, it is quite possible that protective wear may get contaminated. These protective wears are packed in laundry bags and send to Decontamination Centre (DC). There is a need for monitoring the laundry bags at the time of receipt, as well as before dispatch to respective locations to comply with AERB guidelines, To avoid cross contamination during wash cycle, contaminated bags (> 0.5 mR/h on surface) need to be segregated. Present paper describes the development of such system for monitoring surface dose rate on bags at the time of receipt. The system installed at ETP after calibration, effectively segregates the contaminated bags from the rest and prevents from cross contamination during wash cycle. Reduction in man-rem consumption due to semi automatic monitoring. Improved sensitivity due to good geometry, long counting time, background and attenuation corrections. Optimum utilization of decontamination chemicals based on level of contamination and keeping track of its inventory. Generation of decontamination process data base for improvement

  13. Sensor Based Effective Monitoring of Coal Handling System (CHS

    Kuttalakkani.M

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Coal level detection is an important aspect to assess the performance of a coal-fired power plant. Coal has to be transported, via a coal handling system. The fuel in a coal-fired power plant is stored in silos, bunkers or stock piles. Coal is stored in silos in a small plant, Bunkers for handling a days operation and Stock piling methods for large plants. So, fuel handling had to done efficiently. To accurately sense the coal height, Real-time feedback is deployed within the bunker or stock pile. The real time range information is then fedback to the control system. Of the different types of ranging sensors, radar based system is used. Also a real-time temperature monitoring system is developed to protect the coal. The range and temperature data from sensors are sent to the main system through GSM modem by means of SMS. The range information is used to start the conveyor belt to draw the coal from coal yard. If the temperature exceeds the limit, the SMS will be sent through the software or it will call the respective person to monitor the process. A fire sensor is also used to extinguish the fire by initiating the water spraying system. A PIC Microcontroller is interfaced all the sensors for effective handling of thermal power plant.

  14. Induced Seismicity Monitoring System

    Taylor, S. R.; Jarpe, S.; Harben, P.

    2014-12-01

    There are many seismological aspects associated with monitoring of permanent storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in geologic formations. Many of these include monitoring underground gas migration through detailed tomographic studies of rock properties, integrity of the cap rock and micro seismicity with time. These types of studies require expensive deployments of surface and borehole sensors in the vicinity of the CO2 injection wells. Another problem that may exist in CO2 sequestration fields is the potential for damaging induced seismicity associated with fluid injection into the geologic reservoir. Seismic hazard monitoring in CO2 sequestration fields requires a seismic network over a spatially larger region possibly having stations in remote settings. Expensive observatory-grade seismic systems are not necessary for seismic hazard deployments or small-scale tomographic studies. Hazard monitoring requires accurate location of induced seismicity to magnitude levels only slightly less than that which can be felt at the surface (e.g. magnitude 1), and the frequencies of interest for tomographic analysis are ~1 Hz and greater. We have developed a seismo/acoustic smart sensor system that can achieve the goals necessary for induced seismicity monitoring in CO2 sequestration fields. The unit is inexpensive, lightweight, easy to deploy, can operate remotely under harsh conditions and features 9 channels of recording (currently 3C 4.5 Hz geophone, MEMS accelerometer and microphone). An on-board processor allows for satellite transmission of parameter data to a processing center. Continuous or event-detected data is kept on two removable flash SD cards of up to 64+ Gbytes each. If available, data can be transmitted via cell phone modem or picked up via site visits. Low-power consumption allows for autonomous operation using only a 10 watt solar panel and a gel-cell battery. The system has been successfully tested for long-term (> 6 months) remote operations over a wide range of environments including summer in Arizona to winter above 9000' in the mountains of southern Colorado. Statistically based on-board processing is used for detection, arrival time picking, back azimuth estimation and magnitude estimates from coda waves and acoustic signals.

  15. The Danish Marine Monitoring System

    rtebjerg, G.

    Indeholder abstracts fra Workshop on Marine Monitoring Systems and Technology, Ris, 17-18 April 1996.......Indeholder abstracts fra Workshop on Marine Monitoring Systems and Technology, Ris, 17-18 April 1996....

  16. Reengineering GSM/GPRS Towards a Dedicated Network for Massive Smart Metering

    Madueño, Germán Corrales; Stefanovic, Cedomir; Popovski, Petar

    GSM is a synonym for a major success in wireless technology, achieving widespread use and high technology maturity. However, its future is questionable, as many stakeholders indicate that the GSM spectrum should be re-farmed for LTE. On the other hand, the advent of smart grid and the ubiquity of...... for smart metering, as well as the other massive machine-to-machine traffic patterns that are envisioned in 3GPP.......GSM is a synonym for a major success in wireless technology, achieving widespread use and high technology maturity. However, its future is questionable, as many stakeholders indicate that the GSM spectrum should be re-farmed for LTE. On the other hand, the advent of smart grid and the ubiquity of...... smart meters will require reliable, long-lived wide area connections. This motivates to investigate the potential of GSM to be evolved into a dedicated network for smart metering. We introduce simple mechanisms to reengineer the access control in GSM. The result is a system that offers excellent support...

  17. Informatics monitoring system of environment

    In this paper the Informatic monitoring system of environment the Slovak Republic (SR) is presented. Monitoring of environment in the SR is based on operation of the following partial monitoring systems (PMS): Air; Water; Soil; Biota (fauna and flora); Forest; Geological factors; Waste; Food and Feed Contamination; Meteorology and climatology; Radiation monitoring. Results of monitoring are presented on the web-site http://atlas.sazp.sk/ and http://atlas.sazp.sk/aplikacie.php

  18. Storage monitoring system - 1997

    Sandia National Laboratories has several ongoing projects in the area of nuclear materials management. These projects establish a core capability in monitoring stored nuclear materials. The overarching goal of these projects is to get the right sensor information to the right user to enhance the safety, security and to verify the legitimacy of use of stored nuclear materials. An effort has been initiated to merge these projects into a common system. This paper provides an overview of several of these projects and the integration activities between them

  19. Airborne monitoring system

    A complete system for tracking, mapping, and performing a composition analysis of a radioactive plume and contaminated area was developed at the NRCN. The system includes two major units : An airborne unit for monitoring and a ground station for analyzing. The airborne unit is mounted on a helicopter and includes file following. Four radiation sensor, two 2'' x 2'' Nal (Tl) sensors horizontally separated by lead shield for mapping and spectroscopy, and two Geiger Mueller (GM) tubes as part of the safety system. A multichannel analyzer card is used for spectroscopy. A navigation system, based on GPS and a barometric altitude meter, is used to locate the plume or ground data. The telemetry system, consisting of a transceiver and a modem, transfers all the data in real time to the ground station. An industrial PC (Field Works) runs a dedicated C++ Windows application to manage the acquired data. An independent microprocessor based backup system includes a recorder, display, and key pad. The ground station is based on an industrial PC, a telemetry system, a color printer and a modem to communicate with automatic meteorology stations in the relevant area. A special software controls the ground station. Measurement results are analyzed in the ground station to estimate plume parameters including motion, location, size, velocity, and perform risk assessment. (authors)

  20. A GPS-based Real-time Road Traffic Monitoring System

    Tanti, Kamal Kumar

    In recent years, monitoring systems are astonishingly inclined towards ever more automatic; reliably interconnected, distributed and autonomous operation. Specifically, the measurement, logging, data processing and interpretation activities may be carried out by separate units at different locations in near real-time. The recent evolution of mobile communication devices and communication technologies has fostered a growing interest in the GIS & GPS-based location-aware systems and services. This paper describes a real-time road traffic monitoring system based on integrated mobile field devices (GPS/GSM/IOs) working in tandem with advanced GIS-based application software providing on-the-fly authentications for real-time monitoring and security enhancement. The described system is developed as a fully automated, continuous, real-time monitoring system that employs GPS sensors and Ethernet and/or serial port communication techniques are used to transfer data between GPS receivers at target points and a central processing computer. The data can be processed locally or remotely based on the requirements of client’s satisfaction. Due to the modular architecture of the system, other sensor types may be supported with minimal effort. Data on the distributed network & measurements are transmitted via cellular SIM cards to a Control Unit, which provides for post-processing and network management. The Control Unit may be remotely accessed via an Internet connection. The new system will not only provide more consistent data about the road traffic conditions but also will provide methods for integrating with other Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). For communication between the mobile device and central monitoring service GSM technology is used. The resulting system is characterized by autonomy, reliability and a high degree of automation.

  1. Remote water monitoring system

    Grana, D. C.; Haynes, D. P. (Inventor)

    1978-01-01

    A remote water monitoring system is described that integrates the functions of sampling, sample preservation, sample analysis, data transmission and remote operation. The system employs a floating buoy carrying an antenna connected by lines to one or more sampling units containing several sample chambers. Receipt of a command signal actuates a solenoid to open an intake valve outward from the sampling unit and communicates the water sample to an identifiable sample chamber. Such response to each signal receipt is repeated until all sample chambers are filled in a sample unit. Each sample taken is analyzed by an electrochemical sensor for a specific property and the data obtained is transmitted to a remote sending and receiving station. Thereafter, the samples remain isolated in the sample chambers until the sampling unit is recovered and the samples removed for further laboratory analysis.

  2. Design and Development of Anti-detaining Student Monitoring System

    K. Bhaskar Reddy,

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The Idea of Designing an Innovative Anti-detaining student monitoring system is born with the observation of student’s behavior in real life. Most of the students will be bunking the classes, most of the time and due to attendance shortage finally gets detained. And he will be losing his career most of the times. The parents will not be aware until the student crosses the attendance dead line. The purpose of this project is to develop a student monitoring and guardian alert system maintain the attendance of students who are mostly irregular to classes. After observing the attendance of the students in the first month, students whose attendance is below the margin level, (approx. below 40 to 50% are filtered out and those students should be registered in the system with their identity particulars, finger prints, mobile numbers of their guardians etc…every day the enrolled students has to put their attendance at periodical intervals of the day. If the student fails to put attendance, immediately a SMS message using GSM modem will be sent to the guardian and student mobiles. The main objective of the system is to reduce the students who are getting detained every year.

  3. Plant monitor system

    An advanced control room complex for a nuclear power plant, including a discrete indicator and alarm system which is nuclear qualified for rapid response to changes in plant parameters and a component control system which together provide a discrete monitoring and control capability at a panel in the control room. A separate data processing system, which need not be nuclear qualified, provides integrated and overview information to the control room and to each panel, through CRTs and a large, overhead integrated process status overview board. The discrete indicator and alarm system and the data processing system receive inputs from common plant sensors and validate the sensor outputs to arrive at a representative value of the parameter for use by the operator during both normal and accident conditions, thereby avoiding the need for him to assimilate data from each sensor individually. The integrated process status board is at the apex of an information hierarchy that extends through four levels and provides access at each panel to the full display hierarchy. The control room panels are preferably of a modular construction, permitting the definition of inputs and outputs, the main machine interface, and the plant specific algorithms, to proceed in parallel with the fabrication of the panels, the installation of the equipment and the generic testing thereof. (author)

  4. Waste monitoring system for effluents

    The waste monitoring system in use at Los Alamos National Laboratory's Plutonium Facility, TA-55, is a computer-based system that proves real-time information on industrial effluents. Remote computers monitor discharge events and data moves from one system to another via a local area network. This report describes the history, system design, summary, instrumentation list, displays, trending screens, and layout of the waste monitoring system

  5. Area monitoring intelligent system - SIMA

    The area monitoring intelligent system (SIMA) is an equipment to be used in radioprotection. SIMA has the function of monitoring the radiation levels of determined areas of the installations where radioactive materials are handled. (Author)

  6. Vehicle tracking based technique for radiation monitoring during nuclear or radiological emergency

    Radiation Safety Systems Division, BARC has developed an advanced online radiation measurement cum vehicle tracking system for use. For the preparedness for response to any nuclear/radiological emergency scenario which may occur anywhere, the system designed is a Global System for Mobile (GSM) based Radiation Monitoring System (GRaMS) along with a Global Positioning System (GPS). It uses an energy compensated GM detector for radiation monitoring and is attached with commercially available Global Positioning System (GPS) for online acquisition of positional coordinates with time, and GSM modem for online data transfer to a remote control centre. The equipment can be operated continuously while the vehicle is moving

  7. SHOGoiN: expressionId=GSM277441 [

    Full Text Available expression expression_id GSM277441 population null db GEO acc GSM277441 dataset_type in situ oli ... expression microarray profiles of cumulus cells in lean ... and overweight-obese polycystic ovary syndrome pat ...

  8. SHOGoiN: expressionId=GSM277439 [

    Full Text Available expression expression_id GSM277439 population null db GEO acc GSM277439 dataset_type in situ oli ... expression microarray profiles of cumulus cells in lean ... and overweight-obese polycystic ovary syndrome pat ...

  9. SHOGoiN: expressionId=GSM277440 [

    Full Text Available expression expression_id GSM277440 population null db GEO acc GSM277440 dataset_type in situ oli ... expression microarray profiles of cumulus cells in lean ... and overweight-obese polycystic ovary syndrome pat ...

  10. SHOGoiN: expressionId=GSM277442 [

    Full Text Available expression expression_id GSM277442 population null db GEO acc GSM277442 dataset_type in situ oli ... expression microarray profiles of cumulus cells in lean ... and overweight-obese polycystic ovary syndrome pat ...

  11. SHOGoiN: expressionId=GSM277443 [

    Full Text Available expression expression_id GSM277443 population null db GEO acc GSM277443 dataset_type in situ oli ... expression microarray profiles of cumulus cells in lean ... and overweight-obese polycystic ovary syndrome pat ...

  12. SHOGoiN: expressionId=GSM277438 [

    Full Text Available expression expression_id GSM277438 population null db GEO acc GSM277438 dataset_type in situ oli ... expression microarray profiles of cumulus cells in lean ... and overweight-obese polycystic ovary syndrome pat ...

  13. New types of subscriptions for CERN GSM

    IT Department

    2010-01-01

    A recent renegotiation of our commercial conditions with our mobile telephony operator allows us today to deploy new GSM mobile services, reduce communication costs, as well as put in place a new subscription system. First of all, the "email to SMS" service has already been extended to all Swiss numbers. This service allows you to send SMS messages (Short Message Service) to any Swiss mobile telephone from your CERN e-mail account. For further details, please refer to the web site http://cern.ch/sms. The sending of MMS messages (Multi-media Message Service) will be activated by default on all CERN subscriptions by the end of March 2010. This service allows users to attach to a text message an image, a video or an audio recording. All the necessary details for configuring this new service on CERN mobile phones will be published on the web site http://cern.ch/mms. Concerning mobile service costs, new rates have been put in place since 1st January 2010. All tariffs have dramatically decrea...

  14. Evaluating penetration-monitoring systems

    Evaluating the performance of a process monitoring system in detecting improper activities that could be related to material diversion requires a framework for addressing the complexity and statistical uncertainty of such systems. This report proposes a methodology that determines the optimal divertor strategy against a monitoring system and the system probability of detection. This method extends previous work by correctly modeling uncorrelated and correlated measurement errors for radiation monitors

  15. Remote Patient Monitoring System

    Sherin Sebastian

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The Telemedicine system comprises of both hardware and software components at both the patient and doctor ends. A leading field for application of telemedicine is in the field of cardiology where ECG is the major tool for diagnosis. The proposed project in this paper provides an image based techniques to acquire and analyse a constant streaming of ECG signal through digital camera for image capturing, information extraction and analysis performed using MATLAB tools as well as data sending system based on internet network. The method captures the vital signs and parameters from the ICU monitoring machine using a webcam and transmits the image through the internet. This original image is then availed to the consulting doctor via an ANDROID cell phone. In case of anomaly a notification is send to the doctor’s phone. The paper proposes a method to capture, compare and generate alert regarding the patient’s condition using the heart rate and make the captured image be available to the physician.

  16. Statistical characterisation of the EM interferences acting on GSM-R antennas fixed above moving trains

    Ben Slimen, N.; Deniau, V.; Rioult, J.; Dudoyer, S.; Baranowski, S.

    2009-11-01

    In order to harmonise the communication systems between the train and the railway control centres over the European territory, a GSM-R (Global System for Mobile communications - Railways) communication network is progressively deployed along the European railway network. However, the GSM-R communications on board high speed trains can be disturbed by the transient electromagnetic (EM) disturbances induced by the sliding contact between the catenary and the pantograph. In order to study the immunity of the embedded GSM-R communication system against these transient electromagnetic disturbances, the transient interferences induced on the GSM-R antennas on board trains, were characterised in terms of time and amplitude parameters. Measurement campaigns were carried out in France to collect a large number of induced EM interferences on GSM-R antennas fixed on the train roof. With the ultimate goal of generating transient noise scenarios representative of those detected by the antennas, and performing immunity tests in laboratory, statistical distributions of the characteristics (rise time, time duration, repetition rate, amplitude) of the transients are presented. This paper presents the different steps of the analysis of the transient disturbances and the generation of the transient EM scenarios. in here

  17. CERN safety system monitoring - SSM

    CERN SSM (Safety System Monitoring) is a system for monitoring state-of-health of the various access and safety systems of the CERN site and accelerator infrastructure. The emphasis of SSM is on the needs of maintenance and system operation with the aim of providing an independent and reliable verification path of the basic operational parameters of each system. Included are all network-connected devices, such as PLCs (local purpose control unit), servers, panel displays, operator posts, etc. The basic monitoring engine of SSM is a freely available system-monitoring framework Zabbix, on top of which a simplified traffic-light-type web-interface has been built. The web-interface of SSM is designed to be ultra-light to facilitate access from hand-held devices over slow connections. The underlying Zabbix system offers history and notification mechanisms typical of advanced monitoring systems. (authors)

  18. CERN Safety System Monitoring - SSM

    Hakulinen, T; Valentini, F; Gonzalez, J; Salatko-Petryszcze, C

    2011-01-01

    CERN SSM (Safety System Monitoring) [1] is a system for monitoring state-of-health of the various access and safety systems of the CERN site and accelerator infrastructure. The emphasis of SSM is on the needs of maintenance and system operation with the aim of providing an independent and reliable verification path of the basic operational parameters of each system. Included are all network-connected devices, such as PLCs, servers, panel displays, operator posts, etc. The basic monitoring engine of SSM is a freely available system-monitoring framework Zabbix [2], on top of which a simplified traffic-light-type web-interface has been built. The web-interface of SSM is designed to be ultra-light to facilitate access from handheld devices over slow connections. The underlying Zabbix system offers history and notification mechanisms typical of advanced monitoring systems.

  19. New GSM, DCS and GSM/DCS Pifa Antennas Designs for Wireless Networks Applications

    Abri Mehadji

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The work presented in this paper is focused on the analysis, design and characterization of single and multi band PIFA antennas operating in GSM, DCS and GSM/DCS for wireless networks applications. We propose a new design of PIFA antenna structure for use in mobile phones with small size and capable to support multiple communications standards. Parametric studies have allowed us to establish the influence of the metallic pin on the operation of PIFA antenna which will facilitate the design of this type of antenna. Various encouraging results are obtained in matching and radiation. the synthetized antennas can be employed for GSM, DCS and GSM/DCS for wireless networks applications

  20. Analysis of Data Transmission Method based on GSM-R Network and Teaching Platform For Wireless Network

    Tao Xie

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Railway digital radio system, GSM-R, is a dedicated system for railway based on GSM system, which shoulders the demand of dedicated dispatching communication for railway. So it is extremely important to research the data transmission of GSM-R. In this paper, a data transmission method has been proposed, based on the actual measurement report of GSM-R and a prediction algorithm, in analyzing the relationship between Measurement Report and Transmission Interference through visualization method by using the data mining instruments. The simulation results prove that the probability of data being interrupted and retransmitted can be decreased by using this method. At the same time, a teaching platform is established for analyzing the actual test data and the simulation in high-speed railway system, which can contribute to the theoretical research and the teaching. And the mass data used in this paper comes from this platform.  

  1. Esimene GSM-vrk Radiolinjal / Tiina Kass

    Kass, Tiina

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovje Vedomosti : Infotehnologija 21. apr. lk. 1. Mobiilsideoperaatori Radiolinja Eesti AS-i juht Ants Viira ettevtte asutamisest 1994. aastal, GSM-vrgu avamisest ja konkurentsist EMT AS-iga. Lisa: Radiolinja knehind pole 10 aastaga kuigivrd muutunud. Vt. samas: Suhkru ja metallirikad olid esimesed mobiiliomanikud

  2. Real Time Tracking &Health Monitoring System of Remote Soldier Using Arm7

    P. S. Kurhe1 , S. S. Agrawa

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Every year Soldiers become lost or injured. This project gives the ability to track where Soldiers are at any given moment. Search and rescue efforts become minimized in time and resources. Additionally, with alert feature Soldiers will be able to communicate their distress with GPS coordinate information. Location tracking has been of great importance since World War II, when military planners realized its usefulness for targeting, fleet management, positioning, and navigation. This is a system which is reliable, energy efficient remote soldier monitoring system. It is able to send parameters of soldier in real time. It enables the army station to monitor soldiers parameters (temp, heartbeat, location in real time. Here the parameters of soldiers are measured continuously (temp, heartbeat, location and wirelessly transmitted using GSM.

  3. Real Time Industrial Monitoring System

    Chavhan, Rahul D.; Chavhan, Sachin U.; Chavan, Ganesh B.

    2014-01-01

    Industries are the biggest workplace all over the world, also there are large number of peoples involves as a worker and most of them are work as a machine operator. There are many systems developed for industrial work place, some of them, monitors machine processes and some do monitoring and control of machine parameters. Such as speed, temperature, production batch count etc. However there is no such system available that provides monitoring of operator during their work is in progress at w...

  4. PyGSM: Python interface to the Global Sky Model

    Price, Danny C.

    2016-03-01

    PyGSM is a Python interface for the Global Sky Model (GSM, ascl:1011.010). The GSM is a model of diffuse galactic radio emission, constructed from a variety of all-sky surveys spanning the radio band (e.g. Haslam and WMAP). PyGSM uses the GSM to generate all-sky maps in Healpix format of diffuse Galactic radio emission from 10 MHz to 94 GHz. The PyGSM module provides visualization utilities, file output in FITS format, and the ability to generate observed skies for a given location and date. PyGSM requires Healpy, PyEphem (ascl:1112.014), and AstroPy (ascl:1304.002).

  5. Ecological Monitoring Information System (EMIS).

    Fiene, Richard John; And Others

    A system for evaluating and monitoring child development projects, with possible computerization capabilities, was developed for the State of Pennsylvania in connection with 26 child development projects funded by the Appalachian Regional Commission. The Ecological Monitoring Information System (EMIS), provides a series of ecological measurement

  6. Using of GSM and Wi-Fi Signals for Indoor Positioning Based on Fingerprinting Algorithms

    Juraj Machaj

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the paper framework for indoor positioning utilizing Wi-Fi and GSM signals is introduced. Nowadays, indoor positioning is a very attractive topic for researchers, since accurate and reliable positioning system can unlock new market to service providers. In this paper we will analyse the use of Wi-Fi and GSM signals and their combination for the fingerprinting based positioning in the indoor environment. Performance of positioning system in terms of accuracy was analysed using simulations. In the simulations the position of the mobile device was estimated in three ways, when only GSM signals were used, when only Wi-Fi signals were utilized and when a combination of both signals was used. Three positioning algorithms from the Nearest Neighbour (NN family were used in the simulations. Simulations were performed in the simulation model created in MATLAB environment.

  7. BES monitoring and displaying system

    BES Monitoring and Displaying System (BESMDS) is projected to monitor and display the running status of DAQ and Slow Control systems of BES through the Web for worldwide accessing. It provides a real-time remote means of monitoring as well as an approach to study the environmental influence upon physical data taking. The system collects real-time data separately from BES Online subsystems by network sockets and stores the data into a database. People can access the system through its web site, which retrieves data on request from the database and can display results in dynamically reacted images. Its web address is http://besmds.ihep.ac.cn/

  8. How Many Smart Meters can be Deployed in a GSM cell?

    Madueño, Germán Corrales; Stefanovic, Cedomir; Popovski, Petar

    connectivity serving all types of wireless traffic. On the other hand, GSM is a well-adopted technology and represents a valuable asset to build M2M infrastructure due to the good coverage, device maturity, and low cost. In this paper we assess the potential of GSM/GPRS/EDGE to operate as a dedicated network...... for M2M communications. In order to enable M2M-dedicated operation in the near future, we reengineer the GSM/GPRS/EDGE protocol in a way that requires only minor software updates of the protocol stack. We propose different schemes to boost the number of M2M devices in the system without affecting the...

  9. Efficient Radio Resource Allocation in a GSM and GPRS Cellular Network

    David Vannucci

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the effect of various radio resource allocation strategies in a GSM/GPRS cellular network. The most efficient resource allocation is analysed as a function of the proportion of circuit switched voice and packet switched data load. The Grade of Service and average packet delay is investigated as a function of the load, packet size and call duration. Additionally, the feasibility of using voice over Internet Protocol as opposed to circuit switched voice is investigated as a means to increase subscriber capacity per base station. The work is motivated firstly by the complexity of having both circuit switched and packet switched connectivity on GSM/GPRS mobile cellular system and secondly that an exclusively packet based access on GSM/GPRS has the potential to increase the efficiency of resource utilisation by suitably varying the channel allocation to exploit the characteristics of voice and data traffic.

  10. Unattended Monitoring System Design Methodology

    A methodology for designing Unattended Monitoring Systems starting at a systems level has been developed at Sandia National Laboratories. This proven methodology provides a template that describes the process for selecting and applying appropriate technologies to meet unattended system requirements, as well as providing a framework for development of both training courses and workshops associated with unattended monitoring. The design and implementation of unattended monitoring systems is generally intended to respond to some form of policy based requirements resulting from international agreements or domestic regulations. Once the monitoring requirements are established, a review of the associated process and its related facilities enables identification of strategic monitoring locations and development of a conceptual system design. The detailed design effort results in the definition of detection components as well as the supporting communications network and data management scheme. The data analyses then enables a coherent display of the knowledge generated during the monitoring effort. The resultant knowledge is then compared to the original system objectives to ensure that the design adequately addresses the fundamental principles stated in the policy agreements. Implementation of this design methodology will ensure that comprehensive unattended monitoring system designs provide appropriate answers to those critical questions imposed by specific agreements or regulations. This paper describes the main features of the methodology and discusses how it can be applied in real world situations

  11. Turbomachine monitoring system and method

    Delvaux, John McConnell

    2016-02-23

    In an embodiment, a system includes a turbomachine having a first turbomachine component including a first mechanoluminescent material. The first turbomachine component is configured to produce a first light emission upon exposure to a mechanical stimulus sufficient to cause mechanoluminescence by the first mechanoluminescent material. The system also includes a turbomachine monitoring system configured to monitor the structural health of the first component based on detection of the first light emission.

  12. Real Time Industrial Monitoring System

    Rahul D. Chavhan#1, Sachin U. Chavhan#2 , Ganesh B. Chavan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Industries are the biggest workplace all over the world, also there are large number of peoples involves as a worker and most of them are work as a machine operator. There are many systems developed for industrial work place, some of them, monitors machine processes and some do monitoring and control of machine parameters. Such as speed, temperature, production batch count etc. However there is no such systemavailable that provides monitoring of operator during their work is in progress at workplace. This paper proposes the monitoring of the operators and the machines, by Real time Operator -Machine Allocation and monitoring system (Omams. Omams allocates a work machine to worker at entry point itself. It uses automation with RFID and one of the standards of wireless communication method. The system can be industry specific. Through this research paper our approach is to make fair allocation of machine to the operator in industry and reduce hassle for efficiency calculations.

  13. ERMS - Environmental Radiation Monitoring System

    A new Environmental Radiation Monitoring System (ERMS) has been developed in the NRCN as an extensive tool to be applied in case of nuclear malfunction or Nuclear Disposal Device (NDD) incident, as well as for routine radiation monitoring of the reactor's vicinity. The system collects real-time environmental data such as: gamma radiation, wind speed, wind direction, and temperature for monitoring purposes. The ERMS consists of a main Control Center and an array of monitoring stations. Fixed, environmental, gamma radiation monitoring stations are installed at the reactor's surroundings while portable stations can be posted rapidly along the wind direction, enhancing the spatial sampling of the radiation measurements and providing better hazard assessment at an emergency event. The presented ERMS, based on industrial standards for hardware and network protocols, is a reliable standalone system which upgrades the readiness to face a nuclear emergency event by supplying real-time, integrated meteorological and radiation data. (author)

  14. Environmental monitoring system

    The report describes the implementation of a current source circuit used with each of the GM radiation monitors installed in the location close to the RP-10 reactor building and which record produced is further transmitted to a base station at 300 m, conformed and counted through a timer/counter circuit. Finally, this information is processed by a data acquisition program and it is presented to the user as an exposition rate lecture

  15. Radiation monitoring system

    Design of a portable low-power multichannel analyzer with wireless connectivity for remote radiation monitoring, powered from a solar panel with a internal battery to be operated in field. The multichannel analyzer is based on a single microcontroller which performs the digital functions and an analog signal processing board for implementing a Gaussian shaper preamplifier, a Gaussian stretcher, sample and hold, pile-up rejector and a 10 bit ADC. Now this design is to be used with a NaI(Ti) scintillator detector. This multichannel analyzer is designed to be a part of radiation monitoring network. All of them are connected, by radio in a radius of 10 kilometers, to a supervisor computer that collects data from the network of multichannel analyzers and numerically display the latest radiation measurements or graphically display measurements over time for all multichannel analyzers. Like: dose rate, spectra and operational status. Software also supports remotely configuring operating parameters (such as radiation alarm level) for each monitor independently. (author)

  16. Radiation monitoring system

    Aghina, Mauricio A.C.; Farias, Marcos S. de; Lacerda, Fabio de; Heimlich, Adino [Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN/CNEN-RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    Design of a portable low-power multichannel analyzer with wireless connectivity for remote radiation monitoring, powered from a solar panel with a internal battery to be operated in field. The multichannel analyzer is based on a single microcontroller which performs the digital functions and an analog signal processing board for implementing a Gaussian shaper preamplifier, a Gaussian stretcher, sample and hold, pile-up rejector and a 10 bit ADC. Now this design is to be used with a NaI(Ti) scintillator detector. This multichannel analyzer is designed to be a part of radiation monitoring network. All of them are connected, by radio in a radius of 10 kilometers, to a supervisor computer that collects data from the network of multichannel analyzers and numerically display the latest radiation measurements or graphically display measurements over time for all multichannel analyzers. Like: dose rate, spectra and operational status. Software also supports remotely configuring operating parameters (such as radiation alarm level) for each monitor independently. (author)

  17. An Electrical Energy Consumer Load Monitoring and Control System Through SMS Based

    J. Tsado

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This study presents an SMS based Consumer Load Monitoring and Control System (CLMCS incorporating the widely used GSM network to facilitate the communication of electrical energy consumption by the user to his mobile phone. Its operation is centered on an AT89C52 microcontroller programmed in assembly language. A dedicated GSM modem with a SIM card is interfaced to the ports of the microcontroller through a PNP transistor (BC557 and a Normally Closed (NC relay to send SMS notification alert to users mobile phone when power supply is restored to his premises and whenever the energy consumed exceeds the maximum value set by the end user in this case 1 kW. This enables the consumer to respond promptly by cutting off power supply to his load unit when not needed. With this, a great deal of energy is saved and the consumer enjoys maximum satisfaction of the electrical energy paid for; hence an improvement, stability and utilization of electrical energy are achievable.

  18. Hot water monitoring system

    Kristján Guðmundur Birgisson 1989

    2015-01-01

    One of the main uses of geothermal water is for heating. About 98% of buildings in Iceland use geothermal water for heat. In residence buildings, a flow control frame distributes the water between the potable water and heating. In the entire flow control frame there are optical gauges that have to be read manually, which is not optimal way for the homeowner to check his usage. This project is to set up a way to monitor the hot water usage by implementing electronic sensors to measure t...

  19. On the mechanisms of interference between mobile phones and pacemakers: parasitic demodulation of GSM signal by the sensing amplifier

    Barbaro, V.; Bartolini, P.; Calcagnini, G.; Censi, F.; Beard, B.; Ruggera, P.; Witters, D.

    2003-06-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which the radiated radiofrequency (RF) GSM (global system for mobile communication) signal may affect pacemaker (PM) function. We measured the signal at the output of the sensing amplifier of PMs with various configurations of low-pass filters. We used three versions of the same PM model: one with a block capacitor which short circuits high-frequency signals; one with a ceramic feedthrough capacitor, a hermetically sealed mechanism connecting the internal electronics to the external connection block, and one with both. The PMs had been modified to have an electrical shielded connection to the output of the sensing amplifier. For each PM, the output of the sensing amplifier was monitored under exposure to modulated and non-modulated RF signals, and to GSM signals (900 and 1800 MHz). Non-modulated RF signals did not alter the response of the PM sensing amplifier. Modulated RF signals showed that the block capacitor did not succeed in short circuiting the RF signal, which is somehow demodulated by the PM internal non-linear circuit elements. Such a demodulation phenomenon poses a critical problem because digital cellular phones use extremely low-frequency modulation (as low as 2 Hz), which can be mistaken for normal heartbeat.

  20. On the mechanisms of interference between mobile phones and pacemakers: parasitic demodulation of GSM signal by the sensing amplifier

    The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which the radiated radiofrequency (RF) GSM (global system for mobile communication) signal may affect pacemaker (PM) function. We measured the signal at the output of the sensing amplifier of PMs with various configurations of low-pass filters. We used three versions of the same PM model: one with a block capacitor which short circuits high-frequency signals; one with a ceramic feedthrough capacitor, a hermetically sealed mechanism connecting the internal electronics to the external connection block, and one with both. The PMs had been modified to have an electrical shielded connection to the output of the sensing amplifier. For each PM, the output of the sensing amplifier was monitored under exposure to modulated and non-modulated RF signals, and to GSM signals (900 and 1800 MHz). Non-modulated RF signals did not alter the response of the PM sensing amplifier. Modulated RF signals showed that the block capacitor did not succeed in short circuiting the RF signal, which is somehow demodulated by the PM internal non-linear circuit elements. Such a demodulation phenomenon poses a critical problem because digital cellular phones use extremely low-frequency modulation (as low as 2 Hz), which can be mistaken for normal heartbeat

  1. Wearable Health Monitoring Systems Project

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of producing a wearable health monitoring system for the human body that is functional,...

  2. Wearable Health Monitoring Systems Project

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of producing a wearable health monitoring system for the human body that is functional,...

  3. Solar Power Systems Web Monitoring

    Kumar, Bimal Aklesh

    2011-01-01

    All over the world the peak demand load is increasing and the load factor is decreasing year-by-year. The fossil fuel is considered insufficient thus solar energy systems are becoming more and more useful, not only in terms of installation but monitoring of these systems is very crucial. Monitoring becomes very important when there are a large number of solar panels. Monitoring would allow early detection if the output falls below required level or one of the solar panel out of 1000 goes down. In this study the target is to monitor and control a developed solar panel by using available internet foundation. This web-enabled software will provide more flexibility over the system such as transmitting data from panel to the host computer and disseminating information to relevant stake holders barring any geographical barrier. The software would be built around web server with dynamic HTML and JAVA, this paper presents the preliminary design of the proposed system.

  4. Expert system for plant monitoring

    The expert system developed to improve the monitoring of purification cycles in nuclear fuel reprocessing plants is biefly described and its adaptation to optimization in the chemical industry is considered

  5. Solar Power Systems Web Monitoring

    Kumar, Bimal Aklesh

    2011-01-01

    All over the world the peak demand load is increasing and the load factor is decreasing year-by-year. The fossil fuel is considered insufficient thus solar energy systems are becoming more and more useful, not only in terms of installation but monitoring of these systems is very crucial. Monitoring becomes very important when there are a large number of solar panels. Monitoring would allow early detection if the output falls below required level or one of the solar panel out of 1000 goes down...

  6. Experimental and numerical assessment of low-frequency current distributions from UMTS and GSM mobile phones

    The evaluation of the exposure from mobile communication devices requires consideration of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) over a broad frequency range from dc to GHz. Mobile phones in operation have prominent spectral components in the low-frequency (LF) and radio-frequency (RF) ranges. While the exposure to RF fields from mobile phones has been comprehensively assessed in the past, the LF fields have received much less attention. In this study, LF fields from mobile phones are assessed experimentally and numerically for the global system for mobile (GSM) and universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS) communication systems and conclusions about the global (LF and RF) EMF exposure from both systems are drawn. From the measurements of the time-domain magnetic fields, it was found that the contribution from the audio signal at a normal speech level, i.e., −16 dBm0, is the same order of magnitude as the fields induced by the current bursts generated from the implementation of the GSM communication system at maximum RF output level. The B-field induced by currents in phones using the UMTS is two orders of magnitude lower than that induced by GSM. Knowing that the RF exposure from the UMTS is also two orders of magnitude lower than from GSM, it is now possible to state that there is an overall reduction of the exposure from this communication system. (paper)

  7. Experimental and numerical assessment of low-frequency current distributions from UMTS and GSM mobile phones

    Gosselin, Marie-Christine; Khn, Sven; Kuster, Niels

    2013-12-01

    The evaluation of the exposure from mobile communication devices requires consideration of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) over a broad frequency range from dc to GHz. Mobile phones in operation have prominent spectral components in the low-frequency (LF) and radio-frequency (RF) ranges. While the exposure to RF fields from mobile phones has been comprehensively assessed in the past, the LF fields have received much less attention. In this study, LF fields from mobile phones are assessed experimentally and numerically for the global system for mobile (GSM) and universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS) communication systems and conclusions about the global (LF and RF) EMF exposure from both systems are drawn. From the measurements of the time-domain magnetic fields, it was found that the contribution from the audio signal at a normal speech level, i.e., -16 dBm0, is the same order of magnitude as the fields induced by the current bursts generated from the implementation of the GSM communication system at maximum RF output level. The B-field induced by currents in phones using the UMTS is two orders of magnitude lower than that induced by GSM. Knowing that the RF exposure from the UMTS is also two orders of magnitude lower than from GSM, it is now possible to state that there is an overall reduction of the exposure from this communication system.

  8. The JOYO remote monitoring system

    The evolution of the personal computer, operating systems and applications software and the Internet has brought drastic change and many benefits worldwide. Remote monitoring systems benefit from computer network and other modern software technologies. The availability of fast, inexpensive and secure communications enables new solutions for monitoring system applications. The JOYO Remote Monitoring System (RMS) utilizes computer network communications and modular software design to provide a distributed integrated solution for monitoring multiple storage locations. This paper describes the remote monitoring system installed at the JOYO Fast Reactor. The system combines sensors, software, and computer network technologies to create a powerful data collection, storage and dissemination capability. The RMS provides a flexible, scalable solution for a variety of applications. The RMS integrates a variety of state of the art technologies from several sources and serves as a test bed for cutting edge technologies that can be shared with outside users. This paper describes the system components and their operation and discusses system benefits. Current activities and future plants for the JOYO RMS will be discussed. (author)

  9. A grid job monitoring system

    Dumitrescu, Catalin; /Fermilab; Nowack, Andreas; /Aachen, Tech. Hochsch.; Padhi, Sanjay; /UC, San Diego; Sarkar, Subir; /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a web-based Job Monitoring framework for individual Grid sites that allows users to follow in detail their jobs in quasi-real time. The framework consists of several independent components: (a) a set of sensors that run on the site CE and worker nodes and update a database, (b) a simple yet extensible web services framework and (c) an Ajax powered web interface having a look-and-feel and control similar to a desktop application. The monitoring framework supports LSF, Condor and PBS-like batch systems. This is one of the first monitoring systems where an X.509 authenticated web interface can be seamlessly accessed by both end-users and site administrators. While a site administrator has access to all the possible information, a user can only view the jobs for the Virtual Organizations (VO) he/she is a part of. The monitoring framework design supports several possible deployment scenarios. For a site running a supported batch system, the system may be deployed as a whole, or existing site sensors can be adapted and reused with the web services components. A site may even prefer to build the web server independently and choose to use only the Ajax powered web interface. Finally, the system is being used to monitor a glideinWMS instance. This broadens the scope significantly, allowing it to monitor jobs over multiple sites.

  10. A grid job monitoring system

    This paper presents a web-based Job Monitoring framework for individual Grid sites that allows users to follow in detail their jobs in quasi-real time. The framework consists of several independent components: (a) a set of sensors that run on the site CE and worker nodes and update a database, (b) a simple yet extensible web services framework and (c) an Ajax powered web interface having a look-and-feel and control similar to a desktop application. The monitoring framework supports LSF, Condor and PBS-like batch systems. This is one of the first monitoring systems where an X.509 authenticated web interface can be seamlessly accessed by both end-users and site administrators. While a site administrator has access to all the possible information, a user can only view the jobs for the Virtual Organizations (VO) he/she is a part of. The monitoring framework design supports several possible deployment scenarios. For a site running a supported batch system, the system may be deployed as a whole, or existing site sensors can be adapted and reused with the web services components. A site may even prefer to build the web server independently and choose to use only the Ajax powered web interface. Finally, the system is being used to monitor a glideinWMS instance. This broadens the scope significantly, allowing it to monitor jobs over multiple sites.

  11. A Grid job monitoring system

    This paper presents a web-based Job Monitoring framework for individual Grid sites that allows users to follow in detail their jobs in quasi-real time. The framework consists of several independent components : (a) a set of sensors that run on the site CE and worker nodes and update a database, (b) a simple yet extensible web services framework and (c) an Ajax powered web interface having a look-and-feel and control similar to a desktop application. The monitoring framework supports LSF, Condor and PBS-like batch systems. This is one of the first monitoring systems where an X.509 authenticated web interface can be seamlessly accessed by both end-users and site administrators. While a site administrator has access to all the possible information, a user can only view the jobs for the Virtual Organizations (VO) he/she is a part of. The monitoring framework design supports several possible deployment scenarios. For a site running a supported batch system, the system may be deployed as a whole, or existing site sensors can be adapted and reused with the web services components. A site may even prefer to build the web server independently and choose to use only the Ajax powered web interface. Finally, the system is being used to monitor a glideinWMS instance. This broadens the scope significantly, allowing it to monitor jobs over multiple sites.

  12. On predicting monitoring system effectiveness

    Cappello, Carlo; Sigurdardottir, Dorotea; Glisic, Branko; Zonta, Daniele; Pozzi, Matteo

    2015-03-01

    While the objective of structural design is to achieve stability with an appropriate level of reliability, the design of systems for structural health monitoring is performed to identify a configuration that enables acquisition of data with an appropriate level of accuracy in order to understand the performance of a structure or its condition state. However, a rational standardized approach for monitoring system design is not fully available. Hence, when engineers design a monitoring system, their approach is often heuristic with performance evaluation based on experience, rather than on quantitative analysis. In this contribution, we propose a probabilistic model for the estimation of monitoring system effectiveness based on information available in prior condition, i.e. before acquiring empirical data. The presented model is developed considering the analogy between structural design and monitoring system design. We assume that the effectiveness can be evaluated based on the prediction of the posterior variance or covariance matrix of the state parameters, which we assume to be defined in a continuous space. Since the empirical measurements are not available in prior condition, the estimation of the posterior variance or covariance matrix is performed considering the measurements as a stochastic variable. Moreover, the model takes into account the effects of nuisance parameters, which are stochastic parameters that affect the observations but cannot be estimated using monitoring data. Finally, we present an application of the proposed model to a real structure. The results show how the model enables engineers to predict whether a sensor configuration satisfies the required performance.

  13. The Intelsat TDMA system monitor

    Barnett, J. S.; Thorne, C. R.; Parker, H. L.; Berntzen, A.

    This paper discusses the operational features of the measurements performed in the Intelsat time-division multiple-access (TDMA) system monitor, which is used to assist in the operation of the TDMA digital speech interpolation network. The four routine measurements discussed are relative burst power, carrier center frequency, burst position error, and pseudo bit error rate. Three additional measurements can be made: transponder operating point, transmit e.i.r.p., and carrier-to-noise ratio. Normally, the TDMA system monitor cyclically checks each traffic and reference burst in up to four transponders to retrieve records of system performance and to indicate out-of-tolerance conditions at the reference station and the Intelsat operations center. When required, the monitor may be taken under more direct control for measurement of selected bursts in troubleshooting. System design, software architecture, and hardware implementation measurements are described and system performance is assessed.

  14. Myoelectric Signal Monitoring System

    Mendes, Fabiano Reis

    2015-01-01

    The Electromyography (EMG) is an important tool for gait analyzes and disorders diagnoses. Traditional methods involve equipment that can disturb the analyses, being gradually substituted by different approaches, like wearable and wireless systems. The cable replacement for autonomous systems demands for technologies capable of meeting the power constraints. This work presents the development of an EMG and kinematic data capture wireless module, designed taking into account power consumption ...

  15. Wearable monitoring systems

    Bonfiglio, Annalisa

    2010-01-01

    As diverse as tomorrow's society constituent groups may be, they will share the common requirements that their life should become safer and healthier, offering higher levels of effectiveness, communication and personal freedom. The key common part to all potential solutions fulfilling these requirements is wearable embedded systems, with longer periods of autonomy, offering wider functionality, more communication possibilities and increased computational power. As electronic and information systems on the human body, their role is to collect relevant physiological information, and to interface

  16. Monitoring the DIRAC distributed system

    Santinelli, R; Nandakumar, R; 10.1088/1742-6596/219/6/062061

    2010-01-01

    DIRAC, the LHCb community Grid solution, is intended to reliably run large data mining activities. The DIRAC system consists of various services (which wait to be contacted to perform actions) and agents (which carry out periodic activities) to direct jobs as required. An important part of ensuring the reliability of the infrastructure is the monitoring and logging of these DIRAC distributed systems. The monitoring is done collecting information from two sources – one is from pinging the services or by keeping track of the regular heartbeats of the agents, and the other from the analysis of the error messages generated both by agents and services and collected by a logging system. This allows us to ensure that the components are running properly and to collect useful information regarding their operations. The process status monitoring is displayed using the SLS sensor mechanism that also automatically allows to plot various quantities and keep a history of the system. A dedicated GridMap interface (Service...

  17. Multiple Unit GSM Controlled Devices

    Oludele Awodele, Beersheba .A Ologure, Aaron .A Izang, Ademola Adams

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The human mind always needs information of interest to control systems of his/her choice. In the age of electronic systems it is important to be able to control and acquire information from everywhere. Remote management of several home and office appliances is a subject of growing interest and in recent years we have seen many systems providing such controls. In this study, we have developed an interface which is a phone based home/office remote controller equipped with power to turn ON/OFF and receive STATUS of electrical appliances remotely located.

  18. Glovebox oxygen monitoring system

    This system is located in the Replacement Tritium Facility (RTF) at the Savannah River Site of the US Department of Energy. The basic system consists of an oxygen sensor module located inside the glovebox and a wall mounted panel located outside the glovebox that contains an electronics package that displays the oxygen level, displays alarms, and sends signals to a facility Distributed Control System (DCS). RTF is a new facility that will be used primarily to load and unload tritium reservoirs, and recycle the tritium for use in existing or new reservoirs. Tritium, an oderless, colorless, gas is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen that is used in modern thermonuclear weapons. Once on-line, RTF will replace other tritium facilities that have been in existence since the 1950's. Since the entire process at RTF is contained in nitrogen blanketed gloveboxes and features have been provided to recapture fugitive tritium, environmental releases and worker exposure to tritium will be reduced compared to the old facilities

  19. Technical challenges and Constraints for Spectrum Planning in GSM networks

    Gaurav Kumar Nigam

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available GSM is the most widespread, most commonly deployed and fastest growing system standard for mobile telephony in the world. Even though UMTS, the third generation mobile system has entered the market. Network quality of service continues to be a key differentiator in the race for subscribers. One must meet expectations for outstanding performance for every user, on every call. Radio network system is a vast optimization task becausedifferent parameters of freq. planning like coverage, capacity and quality affect each other. So these parameters are required to be optimized at reasonable cost, at a true competitive edge with maximizing the efficiency. Quality of service of a network can only be achieved through proper spectrum and radio interface planning and with knowledge of radio propagation environments. In this paper we present the issues related to Network Design, , Design Constraints of System design and Expansion of coverage and Capacity, Cost Elements inNetwork Design ,Quality of Service & Radio Planning Methodology.

  20. A Novel Radiation Monitoring System

    An ultra reliable radiation monitoring system is essential in order to provide safety to the workers in nuclear plants. The system should be able to detect minor fluctuations of the radiation field and activate an alarm when file radiation field exceeds predefined thresholds. The system implementation requires qualification for nuclear applications such as IEEE 323 and IEC 61503. In this paper such system is presented, it is a novel modular system that provides reliable monitoring of y radiation field. Although such systems were developed in the past, the presented system is based on modern electronics and 'went file extra mile' to provide a very high reliability achieved by using sophisticated methods of BIT (Built In Test) and feedback loops

  1. Wireless Temperature-Monitoring System

    Solano, Wanda

    2003-01-01

    A relatively inexpensive instrumentation system that includes units that are connected to thermocouples and that are parts of a radio-communication network has been developed to enable monitoring of temperatures at multiple locations. Because there is no need to string wires or cables for communication, the system is well suited for monitoring temperatures at remote locations and for applications in which frequent changes of monitored or monitoring locations are needed. The system can also be adapted to monitoring of slowly varying physical quantities, other than temperature, that can be transduced by solid-state electronic sensors. The system comprises any number of transmitting units and a single receiving unit (see figure). Each transmitting unit includes connections for as many as four external thermocouples, a signal-conditioning module, a control module, and a radio-communication module. The signal- conditioning module acts as an interface between the thermocouples and the rest of the transmitting unit and includes a built-in solid ambient-temperature sensor that is in addition to the external thermocouples. The control module is a "system-on-chip" embedded processor that includes analog-to-digital converters, serial and parallel data ports, and an interface for local connection to an analog meter that is used during installation to verify correct operation. The radio-communication module contains a commercial spread-spectrum transceiver that operates in the 900-MHz industrial, scientific, and medical (ISM) frequency band. This transceiver transmits data to the receiving unit at a rate of 19,200 baud. The receiving unit includes a transceiver like that of a transmitting unit, plus a control module that contains a system-on-chip processor that includes serial data port for output to a computer that runs monitoring and/or control software, a parallel data port for output to a printer, and a seven-segment light-emitting-diode display.

  2. Evaluation of Radiation Monitoring System

    As a part of the continuous improvement policy of the NRCN, a novel radiation monitoring system is being developed. The challenge in developing such a system is to assure that the system provides safety improvement. In order to achieve this goal, a set of parameters was defined to estimate the safety performance of the current system. The values of these parameters will be used as a reference for a comparison between the current system and the developed one. This paper describes the method for evaluating the defined parameters: stability and accuracy of the ionization current and the response time of the system

  3. Eesti allilm suudab tkestada GSM-levi / Rasmus Kagge

    Kagge, Rasmus, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazke 10. mai lk. 2. Politsei andmetel on Eesti kuritegelike jukude kes praegu vhemalt paar GSM-levi segajat ehk jammerit. Politseil on nnestunud konfiskeerida autovarastelt ks GSM-levi tkestaja. Lisa. Kasutajapiirang. Vt. samas: Jammereid saab osta internetist

  4. Drinking-water monitoring systems

    A new measuring system was developed by the Austrian Research Centre Seibersdorf for monitoring the quality of drinking-water. It is based on the experience made with the installation of UWEDAT (registered trademark) environmental monitoring networks in several Austrian provinces and regions. The standard version of the drinking-water monitoring system comprises sensors for measuring chemical parameters in water, radioactivity in water and air, and meteorological values of the environment. Further measuring gauges, e.g. for air pollutants, can be connected at any time, according to customers' requirements. For integration into regional and supraregional networks, station computers take over the following tasks: Collection of data and status signals transmitted by the subsystem, object protection, intermediate storage and communication of data to the host or several subcentres via Datex-P postal service, permanent lines or radiotransmission

  5. GPS and GSM/GPRS Based Futuristic Automobile Live Detection and Protection Technology

    Hariprasad S; Ms. Venkateswari

    2014-01-01

    the new method of vehicle tracking and locking system is introduced here. In the proposed methodology design, development and deployment of GPS (Global positioning system) and GSM (Global system for mobile communication)/GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) based vehicle tracking and locking system which provides status of vehicle in real time and security from the robbery and attacks. When the theft identified locking system will be in the active mode and controller issues signal to engine mo...

  6. Exposure to GSM 900 MHz electromagnetic fields affects cerebral cytochrome c oxidase activity

    The world-wide and rapidly growing use of mobile phones has raised serious concerns about the biological and health-related effects of radio frequency (RF) radiation, particularly concerns about the effects of RFs upon the nervous system. The goal of this study was conducted to measure cytochrome oxidase (CO) levels using histochemical methods in order to evaluate regional brain metabolic activity in rat brain after exposure to a GSM 900 MHz signal for 45 min/day at a brain-averaged specific absorption rate (SAR) of 1.5 W/Kg or for 15 min/day at a SAR of 6 W/Kg over seven days. Compared to the sham and control cage groups, rats exposed to a GSM signal at 6 W/Kg showed decreased CO activity in some areas of the prefrontal and frontal cortex (infralimbic cortex, prelimbic cortex, primary motor cortex, secondary motor cortex, anterior cingulate cortex areas 1 and 2 (Cg1 and Cg2)), the septum (dorsal and ventral parts of the lateral septal nucleus), the hippocampus (dorsal field CA1, CA2 and CA3 of the hippocampus and dental gyrus) and the posterior cortex (retrosplenial agranular cortex, primary and secondary visual cortex, perirhinal cortex and lateral entorhinal cortex). However, the exposure to GSM at 1.5 W/Kg did not affect brain activity. Our results indicate that 6 W/Kg GSM 900 MHz microwaves may affect brain metabolism and neuronal activity in rats

  7. Research on monitoring system of water resources in irrigation region based on multi-agent

    Irrigation agriculture is the basis of agriculture and rural economic development in China. Realizing the water resource information of irrigated area will make full use of existing water resource and increase benefit of irrigation agriculture greatly. However, the water resource information system of many irrigated areas in our country is not still very sound at present, it lead to the wasting of a lot of water resources. This paper has analyzed the existing water resource monitoring system of irrigated areas, introduced the Multi-Agent theories, and set up a water resource monitoring system of irrigated area based on multi-Agent. This system is composed of monitoring multi-Agent federal, telemetry multi-Agent federal, and the Communication Network GSM between them. It can make full use of good intelligence and communication coordination in the multi-Agent federation interior, improve the dynamic monitoring and controlling timeliness of water resource of irrigated area greatly, provide information service for the sustainable development of irrigated area, and lay a foundation for realizing high information of water resource of irrigated area.

  8. Automatic plant dynamics monitoring system

    A system has been developed for monitoring plant dynamic behavior using Power Spectral Density measurements. The data are taken and compared with frequency-dependent limits automatically under computer control. Historical data is maintained and is recallable by the operator for comparison with current data

  9. Thermoluminescence dosimetry environmental monitoring system

    In this report, characteristics and performances of an environmental monitoring system with thermoluminescence dosimetry are presented. Most of the work deals with the main physical parameters necessary for measurements of ambiental dose. At the end of this report some of level doses in the environment around the site of the ENEA Center of Energy Research Salluggia (Italy) are illustrated

  10. Healthcare Monitoring System Using Wireless Sensor Network

    D. Mahesh Kumar

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Using Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs in health care system has yielded a tremendous effort in recent years. However, in most of these researches, tasks like sensor data processing, health state decisions making and emergency messages sending are completed by a remote server. Transmitting and handing with a large scale of data from body sensors consume a lot of communication resource, bring a burden to the remote server and delay the decision time and notification time. In this paper, we present a prototype of a smart gateway that we have implemented. This gateway is an interconnection and services management platform especially for WSN health care systems at home environment. By building a bridge between a WSN and public communication networks, and being compatible with an onboard data decision system and a lightweight database, our smart gateway system is enabled to make patients' health state decisions in low-power and low-cost embedded system and get faster response time o the emergencies. We have also designed the communication protocols between WSN, gateway and remote servers. Additionally Ethernet, Wi-Fi and GSM/GPRS communication module are integrated into the smart gateway in order to report and notify information to care-givers.

  11. Monitoring Systems for Hydropower Plants

    Damaschin Pepa; Cosmin Ursoniu

    2015-01-01

    One of the most important issue in hydro power industry is to determine the necessary degree of automation in order to improve the operation security. Depending upon the complexity of the system (the power plant equipment) the automation specialist will build a philosophy of control following some general principals of security and operation. Helped by the modern digital equipment, today is relative easy to design a complete monitoring and supervising system including all th...

  12. Intrusion Detection System: Security Monitoring System

    ShabnamNoorani,; Sharmila Gaikwad Rathod

    2015-01-01

    An intrusion detection system (IDS) is an ad hoc security solution to protect flawed computer systems. It works like a burglar alarm that goes off if someone tampers with or manages to get past other security mechanisms such as authentication mechanisms and firewalls. An Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is a device or a software application that monitors network or system activities for malicious activities or policy violations and produces reports to a management station.Intrusio...

  13. Complementary neutron flux monitoring system

    The present work is an example for that, how with modern technical instruments it is possible to compensate disadvantage and to increase technical resources of the old systems, without a change of given system totally with new one. The system detail design and implementation was possible mostly, due to the international conferences and courses organized by IAEA and technical information provided by the agency. The system acts as a complementary to the existing systems for the reactor core neutron flux monitoring AKNP. The new system extends the measurement range of the original AKNP system approximately by two decades. It allows neutron flux to be monitored during refuelling. The system is permitted for use by Bulgarian Nuclear Safety Authority - CUAEPP. The system also calculates the reactivity and thus allows the operator to monitor the criticality condition very precisely. The system calculates also the period of the reactor and has adjustable setpoints at two levels for alarm and pre-alarm, both for counting rate and period. The system sends the analog signals for the counting rate and for the period as well as digital signals for the alarm and pre-alarm to the refueling machine cabin for on-line control. It also produces sound and blinks (LEDs) if any setpoint is reached. It should be mentioned that the refueling machine panel do not need additional power supply and thus high reliability is achieved. The system automatically stores the data for neutron flux, period, reactivity, alarm and prealarm state and value, reactor kinetic parameters(β,λ and source) on hard disk. The stored data can be reviewed very easy and printed. Depending on the hard disk capacity the storage period can be longer than a year. The old system for neutron flux monitoring during refuelling, which operated with 3 removable neutron fission chambers KNT-54 located next to the reactor core is now obsolete and is decommissioned. This have the significant impact on personnel dose accumulation. The system and its structure are described. As well as the hardware and software. The reactor period, recalculated for each measuring channels, is shown in a diagram. Also shown is the reactivity calculated using averaged counting rate from six measurements channel. It is recalculated from the inhour equation. A portable PC with the function of a tester is used to evaluate the performance of the system including the whole hardware path, e.g. preamplifier Bio-17 connection adapter, connection lines, terminal boxes, connection computers - measuring adapter, analogue outputs adapter, information panel of the refueling machine. Finally, the system performance with failures is presented. (author)

  14. Operational benefits obtained by implementing a remote monitoring and control system at CEGAS (Gas Company of Ceara, Brazil)

    Almeida, Rui C.O. [Companhia de Gas do Ceara (CEGAS), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil); Zamponha, Rogerio S. [SOFTBRASIL, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    CEGAS (Gas Company of Ceara) recently implemented an automated remote monitoring and control system at the Natural Gas Stations located within the city of Fortaleza. The main purposes to implement the project were to install a better operational platform, allowing CEGAS to analyze its operational conditions and to measure customer's consumption in real time. The data communication infra-structure chosen was GPRS/GSM, due to it's low deployment cost and coverage availability. The first phase of the project comprised 50 vehicular natural gas stations. The project was successfully installed, and became the 1{sup st} project at this type to run efficiently over a GPRS infra-structure in Brazil for gas monitoring, with reliable control and data communication. This document intends to present the reasons that lead CEGAS to invest in such a system, the technology deployed and the benefits achieved. (author)

  15. Precision Environmental Radiation Monitoring System

    A new precision low-level environmental radiation monitoring system has been developed and tested at Jefferson Lab. This system provides environmental radiation measurements with accuracy and stability of the order of 1 nGy/h in an hour, roughly corresponding to approximately 1% of the natural cosmic background at the sea level. Advanced electronic front-end has been designed and produced for use with the industry-standard High Pressure Ionization Chamber detector hardware. A new highly sensitive readout electronic circuit was designed to measure charge from the virtually suspended ionization chamber ion collecting electrode. New signal processing technique and dedicated data acquisition were tested together with the new readout. The designed system enabled data collection in a remote Linux-operated computer workstation, which was connected to the detectors using a standard telephone cable line. The data acquisition system algorithm is built around the continuously running 24-bit resolution 192 kHz data sampling analog to digital convertor. The major features of the design include: extremely low leakage current in the input circuit, true charge integrating mode operation, and relatively fast response to the intermediate radiation change. These features allow operating of the device as an environmental radiation monitor, at the perimeters of the radiation-generating installations in densely populated areas, like in other monitoring and security applications requiring high precision and long-term stability. Initial system evaluation results are presented.

  16. 29 CFR 1954.2 - Monitoring system.

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Monitoring system. 1954.2 Section 1954.2 Labor Regulations...) PROCEDURES FOR THE EVALUATION AND MONITORING OF APPROVED STATE PLANS General § 1954.2 Monitoring system. (a... Act, the Assistant Secretary has established a State Program Performance Monitoring System....

  17. Software Oriented Data Monitoring System

    K, Phani Nandan

    2010-01-01

    This project "Software Oriented Data Monitoring System" deals with real time monitoring of patients' parameters like body temperature, heart rate etc. The parameters are checked at regular intervals and Short Messaging Service (SMS) is sent to concerned doctor regarding the measured values. If the obtained parameters are above or below critical values, an alert SMS is also sent to the concerned doctor. This system is very much useful in hospitals, which saves the valuable time of the doctor who otherwise will have to monitor the patients throughout the day. Here the analog data from the sensors is first converted into digital form and is fed to the parallel port of the computer. This data obtained is converted into useful parameters, which is monitored and checked for safe limits. Appropriate SMS is sent to the doctor depending on whether the request is from an alert or routine signal. This is possible by interfacing a mobile phone (Siemens c35i) to the serial port of the computer. The SMS is sent from the co...

  18. Partial monitoring system 'Radioactivity of the environment'

    In this presentation author describes the partial monitoring system 'Radioactivity of the environment' which constitutes monitoring network in the Slovak Republic. Some results of radiation monitoring on the territory of the Slovak Republic are presented

  19. Corral Monitoring System assessment results

    Filby, E.E.; Haskel, K.J.

    1998-03-01

    This report describes the results of a functional and operational assessment of the Corral Monitoring Systems (CMS), which was designed to detect and document accountable items entering or leaving a monitored site. Its development was motivated by the possibility that multiple sites in the nuclear weapons states of the former Soviet Union might be opened to such monitoring under the provisions of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. The assessment was performed at three levels. One level evaluated how well the planned approach addressed the target application, and which involved tracking sensitive items moving into and around a site being monitored as part of an international treaty or other agreement. The second level examined the overall design and development approach, while the third focused on individual subsystems within the total package. Unfortunately, the system was delivered as disassembled parts and pieces, with very poor documentation. Thus, the assessment was based on fragmentary operating data coupled with an analysis of what documents were provided with the system. The system design seemed to be a reasonable match to the requirements of the target application; however, important questions about site manning and top level administrative control were left unanswered. Four weaknesses in the overall design and development approach were detected: (1) poor configuration control and management, (2) inadequate adherence to a well defined architectural standard, (3) no apparent provision for improving top level error tolerance, and (4) weaknesses in the object oriented programming approach. The individual subsystems were found to offer few features or capabilities that were new or unique, even at the conceptual level. The CMS might possibly have offered a unique combination of features, but this level of integration was never realized, and it had no unique capabilities that could be readily extracted for use in another system.

  20. Corral Monitoring System assessment results

    This report describes the results of a functional and operational assessment of the Corral Monitoring Systems (CMS), which was designed to detect and document accountable items entering or leaving a monitored site. Its development was motivated by the possibility that multiple sites in the nuclear weapons states of the former Soviet Union might be opened to such monitoring under the provisions of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. The assessment was performed at three levels. One level evaluated how well the planned approach addressed the target application, and which involved tracking sensitive items moving into and around a site being monitored as part of an international treaty or other agreement. The second level examined the overall design and development approach, while the third focused on individual subsystems within the total package. Unfortunately, the system was delivered as disassembled parts and pieces, with very poor documentation. Thus, the assessment was based on fragmentary operating data coupled with an analysis of what documents were provided with the system. The system design seemed to be a reasonable match to the requirements of the target application; however, important questions about site manning and top level administrative control were left unanswered. Four weaknesses in the overall design and development approach were detected: (1) poor configuration control and management, (2) inadequate adherence to a well defined architectural standard, (3) no apparent provision for improving top level error tolerance, and (4) weaknesses in the object oriented programming approach. The individual subsystems were found to offer few features or capabilities that were new or unique, even at the conceptual level. The CMS might possibly have offered a unique combination of features, but this level of integration was never realized, and it had no unique capabilities that could be readily extracted for use in another system

  1. Monitoring the DIRAC distributed system

    Santinelli, R.; Seco, M.; Nandakumar, R.; LHCb DIRAC Team

    2010-04-01

    DIRAC, the LHCb community Grid solution, is intended to reliably run large data mining activities. The DIRAC system consists of various services (which wait to be contacted to perform actions) and agents (which carry out periodic activities) to direct jobs as required. An important part of ensuring the reliability of the infrastructure is the monitoring and logging of these DIRAC distributed systems. The monitoring is done collecting information from two sources - one is from pinging the services or by keeping track of the regular heartbeats of the agents, and the other from the analysis of the error messages generated both by agents and services and collected by a logging system. This allows us to ensure that the components are running properly and to collect useful information regarding their operations. The process status monitoring is displayed using the SLS sensor mechanism that also automatically allows to plot various quantities and keep a history of the system. A dedicated GridMap interface (ServiceMap) allows production shifters and experts to have an immediate, high-impact view of all LHCb critical services status while offering the possibility to refer to details of the SLS and SAM sensors. Error types and statistics provided by the logging service can be accessed via dedicated web interfaces on the DIRAC portal or programmatically via the python based API and CLI.

  2. Energy Doubler cryoloop temperature monitor system

    The Cryoloop Temperature Monitor System is a fully electronic system designed to monitor temperature at key points in the Energy Doubler cryoloop system. It is used for cryoloop diagnostics, temperature studies, and cooldown valve control

  3. Monitoring of the space system

    Shakhparonov, V. M.; Grishin, D. V.; Karagioz, O. V.

    2014-11-01

    We have performed monitoring of the space system that includes the Earth, the Moon, the Sun, and the GPS satellite group. We have discovered semi-diurnal and diurnal periodicities in the number of satellites detected as well as in the altitude, latitude and longitude by a GPS receiver. We have revealed tidal deformations related to changes in the Earth's orientation with respect to the Moon and the Sun.

  4. Monitoring system for thermal plasma

    In the Thermal plasma applications laboratory it has been the degradation project of oils for isolation in transformers. These are a very hazardous residues and at this time in the country they are stored in metal barrels. It has been the intention to undergo the oils to plasma for degradate them to non-hazardous residues. The system behavior must be monitored to establish the thermal plasma behavior. (Author)

  5. PC based vibration monitoring system

    Health of large rotating machinery gets reflected in the vibration signature of the rotor and supporting structures and proper recording of these signals and their analysis can give a clear picture of the health of the machine. Using these data and their trending, it is possible to predict an impending trouble in the machine so that preventive action can be taken in time and catastrophic failure can be avoided. Continuous monitoring and analysis can give quick warning and enable operator to take preventive measures. Reactor Control Division, BARC is developing a PC based Vibration monitoring system for turbo generator machinery. The System can acquire 20 vibration signals at a rate of 5000 samples per second and also 15 process signals at a rate of 100 samples/ sec. The software for vibration monitoring system includes acquisition modules, analysis modules and Graphical User Interface module. The acquisition module involves initialization, setting of required parameters and acquiring the data from PC-based data acquisition cards. The acquired raw vibration data is then stored for analysis using various software packages. The display and analysis of acquired data is done in LabVIEW 7.0 where the data is displayed in time as well as frequency domain along with the RMS value of the signal. (author)

  6. Automatic environmental radioactivity monitoring system

    The article treats the importance of continuous environmental radioactivity monitoring in order to discover accidents in nuclear power plants in the country as well as abroad as soon as possible. The measurement of background radiation is the best way for such monitoring. In order to determine by background radiation measurement if an accident happened or not, it is necessary to monitor background radiation variations in long period of time. The results of two year's background radiation measurement at the location Kumodrazh by a portable radiation detector MRK-M87 are presented here. The automatic measuring system which can function autonomously as well as a part of a network was realized in order to solve the problem of background radiation measurement in the best way. The system consists of a probe with the GM counter and a central unit with the computer. The whole process of measuring, data processing and alarming is controlled by a software package, also described in the article. The results of background radiation measurement by such system are equally presented. (author) 4 refs.; 7 figs.; 3 tabs

  7. A novel security algorithm for gsm mobile

    Security is a crucial factor in the provision of secure mobile services. The rapid growth of harmful attacks has increased the need for higher security level, especially in the case of wireless networks. GSM security is proposed by A5/1 synchronous symmetric-key stream cipher. It has been revealed in (1), (2), and (3) that biased birthday attack, random subgraph attack and correlation attack, breach the security at the air interface. In this paper, we have proposed a high level security solution that incorporates a new Key setup routine and new feedback taps positions. We have shown that the proposed solution is more secure and efficient by simulating and application of different Statistical Tests for standard A5/1 and proposed A5/1 in MATLAB and comparing results. (author)

  8. GSM accessories now available from the CERN Stores

    Labo Telecom

    2001-01-01

    As of 1st October you can order and receive GSM accessories from the CERN stores like any other article. The CERN stores also manage GSM telephones but, for technical reasons, only the Labo Telecom shop (Building 31, Room S026) is able to make the standard sales, repairs and exchanges for authorised persons with a CERN subscription. Labo Telecom will thus become a specialist shop, open from 11 a.m. to 12 a.m., and will apply the usual rules and authorisation procedures of the stores. The paper form for requests for GSM subscriptions is being computerized and will be available on EDH in the near future.

  9. Condition Monitoring of Hydraulic Systems

    Zhao, Xiaoyu

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this project is to investigate and propose a system for condition monitoring and analysis of the hydraulic system of a forestry machine based on available on-board oil quality sensor data. The sample machine used was Scorpion King from Ponsse. This machine is equipped with an Icount PDR particle sensor from Parker. A two weeks long field test was conducted by Skogforsk. The data measured by the particle counter was collected, and breaks longer than five minutes were recorded as...

  10. Shared performance monitor in a multiprocessor system

    Chiu, George; Gara, Alan G; Salapura, Valentina

    2014-12-02

    A performance monitoring unit (PMU) and method for monitoring performance of events occurring in a multiprocessor system. The multiprocessor system comprises a plurality of processor devices units, each processor device for generating signals representing occurrences of events in the processor device, and, a single shared counter resource for performance monitoring. The performance monitor unit is shared by all processor cores in the multiprocessor system. The PMU is further programmed to monitor event signals issued from non-processor devices.

  11. Monitoring system of environmental variables

    Full Text: The engineering of a system of detection, measurement, storage and automatic analysis of environmental pollutants was developed and then this system was built and put in operative condition. The technological base for this project comes from the acquired experience with the design of systems of universal monitoring for the nuclear power stations (CNEA and Atucha).This system is compound for a net of remote monitors that have, also, the communication capacity with a center of diagnostic on time real that in turn is attended Via Internet by qualified personnel. The electronic characteristic of the measurement system, allows him to accept different types of sensors (for the measurement of physical and chemical variables) and also digital communication. It is possible to run different mathematical models for the evaluation of the presence of pollutants, dispersion calculations, etc. The concentration of the treatment of the information, to expense of a given investment in communications is more convenient because it reduces the costs significantly in teams and operative. This way it can diminish the economic impact that takes place in the municipal and provincial governments the equipment acquisition for monitoring and environmental control. As concrete examples of this application in operation, the facilities of the cities of Cordoba and of Rio Tercero, province of Cordoba, can be mentioned. In the first one you can make the daily pursuit, in detailed and objective way, of the influence that the traffic urban produces in the atmosphere. In the second one it is possible to control the operation parameters of a station of industrial incineration and their correlation with the pollutants in chimney mouth

  12. DOWNHOLE VIBRATION MONITORING & CONTROL SYSTEM

    Martin E. Cobern

    2004-08-31

    The deep hard rock drilling environment induces severe vibrations into the drillstring, which can cause reduced rates of penetration (ROP) and premature failure of the equipment. The only current means of controlling vibration under varying conditions is to change either the rotary speed or the weight-on-bit (WOB). These changes often reduce drilling efficiency. Conventional shock subs are useful in some situations, but often exacerbate the problems. The objective of this project is development of a unique system to monitor and control drilling vibrations in a ''smart'' drilling system. This system has two primary elements: (1) The first is an active vibration damper (AVD) to minimize harmful axial, lateral and torsional vibrations. The hardness of this damper will be continuously adjusted using a robust, fast-acting and reliable unique technology. (2) The second is a real-time system to monitor drillstring vibration, and related parameters. This monitor adjusts the damper according to local conditions. In some configurations, it may also send diagnostic information to the surface via real-time telemetry. The AVD is implemented in a configuration using magnetorheological (MR) fluid. By applying a current to the magnetic coils in the damper, the viscosity of the fluid can be changed rapidly, thereby altering the damping coefficient in response to the measured motion of the tool. Phase I of this program entailed modeling and design of the necessary subsystems and design, manufacture and test of a full laboratory prototype. Phase I of the project was completed by the revised end date of May 31, 2004. The objectives of this phase were met, and all prerequisites for Phase II have been completed.

  13. A low-power triple-mode sigma-delta DAC for reconfigurable (WCDMA/TD-SCDMA/GSM) transmitters

    A sigma-delta (ΣΔ) DAC with channel filtering for multi-standard wireless transmitters used in the software-defined-radio (SDR) system is presented. The conversion frequency, transfer function of the digital filter and the ΣΔ modulator, word-length of the IDAC and cut-off frequency of the analog reconstruction filter can be digitally programmed to satisfy specifications of WCDMA, TD-SCDMA and GSM standards. The ΣΔ DAC fabricated in SMIC 0.13-μm CMOS process occupies a die area of 0.72 mm2, while consuming 5.52/4.82/3.04 mW in WCDMA/TD-SCDMA/GSM mode from a single 1.2-V supply voltage. The measured SFDR is 62.8/60.1/75.5 dB for WCDMA/TD-SCDMA/GSM mode, respectively. (semiconductor integrated circuits)

  14. Monitoring Systems for Hydropower Plants

    Damaschin Pepa

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important issue in hydro power industry is to determine the necessary degree of automation in order to improve the operation security. Depending upon the complexity of the system (the power plant equipment the automation specialist will build a philosophy of control following some general principals of security and operation. Helped by the modern digital equipment, today is relative easy to design a complete monitoring and supervising system including all the subparts of a hydro aggregate. A series of sensors and transducers specific for each auxiliary installation of the turbine and generator will be provided, together with a PLC or an industrial PC that will run an application software for implementing the security and control algorithms. The purpose of this paper is to offer a general view of these issues, providing a view of designing an automation & control and security system for hydro power plants of small, medium and big power.

  15. Operation and maintenance of the TFTR grounding system

    The authors discuss how the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) grounding system utilizes a single-point ground which is connected to the building perimeter ground. Wired to this single-point ground, via individual 500 MCM insulated cables, are: the vacuum vessel, four toroidal field coil cases/inner support structure quadrants, umbrella structure halves, substructure ring girder sections, radial beams and columns and diagnostic systems. A special Ground System Monitor (GSM) system was designed and installed which actively monitors each of the individual machine grounds. The GSM insures that grounds remain intact thus avoiding secondary grounds on any components which would form a ground loop. Upon an accidental connection of a secondary ground to any one component of TFTR, the GSM sounds a horn within the TFTR test cell, the test cell basement, and the data acquisition rooms which notifies personnel that a ground loop is present

  16. Design of a GSM Based Electronic Voting Machine with Voter Tracking

    Vaibhav Bhatia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the design of a GSM based electronic voting machine with voter tracking. The design presented here follows a GSM based approach to send the polling results to a base station via mobile network. Infrared sensors have been used for tracking the information regarding the voters. After the voting process has been over, the results are sent to the base station for various analyses and declaring the verdict. This system is more secured and chances of tampering the results are reduced. The simulation of the system is done on Proteus Professional Software v8.0. The design presented in this paper is more secured and appropriate according to modern day requirements.

  17. Design and implementation of environmental monitoring system

    the RECODAL (remote controlled data logger) is a stand - alone system based on the 80 C 537 micro-controller. one of the main features of the RECODAL system is its flexibility to be interfaced to various types of sensors after suitable signal conditioning and stor ge of data coming from these sensors into its serial EEPROM. in this paper, the design of signal conditioning circuits for interfacing a set of sensors with the RECODAL system to measure a set of environmental parameters such as nuclear radiation, temperature, relative humidity of the air, absolute air pressure, direction of wind and its speed will be introduced with the experimental results. as it is intended to have the RECODAL devices in the surrounded field that may be far from the control room so, we developed accurate, friendly and powerful graphical user interface software (GUI) for remote controlling the RECODAL system . the aim of this GUI not only to visual the data being received by the Pc from the RECODAL and output this data to a format for further analysis, but also to full control the RECODAL system remotely through external modem using normal telephone lines or a dual-band GSM modem depends on the availability of the communication media. this GUI has also the ability to upload the new developed firmware which is required for 80 C 537 micro controller without affecting the data or the communication program . one of the advantages of this GUI is that it can communicate with the RECODAL through the serial port of the Pc too

  18. Prototypic Gps-Gsm Integration for Enhancing Public Transportation and Management Services.

    Ganguri Rakesh

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes and implements a solution for enhancing public transportation management services based on GPS and GSM. Travel time information is a vital component of many intelligent transportation systems (ITS) applications. In recent years, the number of vehicles in India has increased tremendously, leading to severe traffic congestion and pollution in urban areas, particularly during peak periods. A desirable strategy to deal with such issues is to shift more people fr...

  19. Implementation of Integrity of Voice and face Recognition for Home Security by using GSM AND ZIGBEE

    Chandrasekhar Lokanadham

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Home security is very popular in present days in its simplest form home controlling is the ability to control lighting , household and image reorganization appliances remotely with this device automation safety from theft, leak in of raw gas and fire is also the most important requirement of home for people by combining wireless sensor net work and GSM technology, In this proposes a new solution for remote home security and device control system. The system is composed of the ARM7 based WSN center node with GSM module, data collecting node , device control node and mobile phone. The WSN data collecting node module is connected with PIR, temperature sensor, smoke detector and gas sensor separately and send data to the data collecting node. Advances in the field of Information Technology also make Information Security an inseparable part of it. In order to deal with security, Authentication plays an important role. This paper presents a review on the Voice authentication techniques and somefuture possibilities in this field. In Voice & face, a human being needs to be identified based on some characteristic physiological parameters. A wide variety of systems require reliable personal recognition schemes to either confirm or determine the identity of an individual requesting their services.The purpose of such schemes is to ensure that the rendered services are accessed only by a legitimate user, and not anyone else. By using Voice & ace it is possible to confirm or establish an individual’s identity. The position of biometrics in the current field of Security has been depicted in this work. We have also outlined options about the usability of voice and face authentication systems. The data collecting node will send encoded alarm signal to the WSN center node through WSN sensor network established in home . Once the WSN center node receives alarm signal, it will send alarm SMS to the users through the GSM module and GSM network immediately.

  20. Evaluating location fingerprinting methods for underground GSM networks deployed over Leaky Feeder

    Pereira, Fernando; Theis, Christian; Moreira, Adriano; Ricardo, Manuel

    2011-01-01

    Accurate localization techniques have long been of major importance for safety systems and a lot of research has been conducted in the distributed computing field regarding its functionality and reliability. In the specific scenario of long yet narrow tunnels existing at CERN, localization methods will enable a number of applications and processes to substantially reduce human intervention. In this paper we evaluate the use of Fingerprinting techniques with GSM signal available throughout ...

  1. An Indoor Positioning Realisation for GSM using Fingerprinting and kNN

    A. Anastasijević

    2013-01-01

    Positioning in public land mobile networks has become increasingly popular over the past years with the development of more sophisticated mobile equipment and standards. New services which rely on location information have been developed, such as emergency call localization, navigation, location sensitive commercials/ billing, etc. This paper investigates one practical realisation of an indoor positioning model for GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) networks, based on the received ...

  2. MOVING OBSTACLE DETECTION AND REMOTE VIDEO MONITORING SYSTEM USING CORTEX-A8

    V.PADMAJA, KAVITHA MAMINDLA

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the Detection of Moving obstacle and remote video monitoring and extracting the key frames from the captured video system based on high performance SAMSUNG S5PV210 CORTEX-A8 processor core is build and expanding peripheral devices using embedded Linux as the operating system. Today monitoring systems are either webcam based or simple motion detection based. Here we have interfaced both webcam and PIR sensor to the embedded system so that the user can get an immediate alert message and can take necessary steps. This system is based on the kernel of Cortex board with the GSM module being triggered by a Pyroelectric Infrared Sensor (PIR, which senses changes in the external temperature, especially in this case when an invader enters in to remote location and send SMS to the user. At the same time, by using a smart device or a PC, the user can link to the video streaming server constructed on the embedded board via the internet and browse the webpage to monitor the surveillance area, here the UVC driver and V4L programming is used to interface USB camera to the board to capture video information and then board will do two parallel works first one is transmits the processed captured video information using wireless network, which will be collected and monitored at client side using wireless network connection through the wireless device, second one is extracts the key frames from captured video using OpenCV and served on a server, the both provides an advantage to surveillance monitoring system.

  3. A Study on Auto Theft Prevention Using GSM

    K. Veeranna Reddy1 , Y. Tirumala Babu

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the design & development of a theft control system for an automobile, which is being used to prevent / control the theft of a vehicle. The developed system makes use of an embedded system based on GSM technology. An interfacing mobile is also connected to the microcontroller, which is in turn, connected to the engine. Once, the vehicle is being stolen, the information is being used by the vehicle owner for further processing. The information is passed onto the central processing insurance system, where by sitting at a remote place, a particular number is dialed by them to the interfacing mobile that is with the hardware kit which is installed in the vehicle. By reading the signals received by the mobile, one can control the ignition of the engine; say to lock it or to stop the engine immediately. Again it will come to the normal condition only after entering a secured password. The owner of the vehicle & the central processing system will know this secured password. The main concept in this design is introducing the mobile communications into the embedded system.

  4. Intrusion Detection System: Security Monitoring System

    ShabnamNoorani,

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available An intrusion detection system (IDS is an ad hoc security solution to protect flawed computer systems. It works like a burglar alarm that goes off if someone tampers with or manages to get past other security mechanisms such as authentication mechanisms and firewalls. An Intrusion Detection System (IDS is a device or a software application that monitors network or system activities for malicious activities or policy violations and produces reports to a management station.Intrusion Detection System (IDS has been used as a vital instrument in defending the network from this malicious or abnormal activity..In this paper we are comparing host based and network based IDS and various types of attacks possible on IDS.

  5. Evolutionary Autonomous Health Monitoring System (EAHMS) Project

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — For supporting NASA's Robotics, Tele-Robotics and Autonomous Systems Roadmap, we are proposing the "Evolutionary Autonomous Health Monitoring System" (EAHMS) for...

  6. A real time monitoring system

    A real time monitoring system is described. It was initially developed to be used as a man-machine interface between a basic principles simulator of the Embalse Nuclear Power Plant and the operators. This simulator is under construction at the Bariloche Atomic Center's Process Control Division. Due to great design flexibility, this system can also be used in real plants. The system is designed to be run on a PC XT or AT personal computer with high resolution graphics capabilities. Three interrelated programs compose the system: 1) Graphics Editor, to build static image to be used as a reference frame where to show dynamically updated data. 2) Data acquisition and storage module. It is a memory resident module to acquire and store data in background. Data can be acquired and stored without interference with the operating system, via serial port or through analog-to-digital converter attached to the personal computer. 3) Display module. It shows the acquired data according to commands received from configuration files prepared by the operator. (Author)

  7. Minimizing Household Electricity Theft in Nigeria Using GSM Based Prepaid Meter

    Damian O. Dike

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Many households indulge in different forms of electricity theft and illegal tampering of electric metering devices. These lead to distribution system faults and overload as well as loss of revenue by the distribution companies,this paper envisages the utilization of the global system for mobile communication (GSM into the prepaid energy meter for increased generation of revenue in developing countries like Nigeria. The proposed meter is set to carry a unique identification number such as the consumers phone number which may be encrypted into the memory of the microcontroller. Electricity theft is being detected as the GSM module sends message to the distribution company. Revenue generated can be increased through the use of the proposed meter as unaccountability by utility workers and billing irregularities are eliminated. The results obtained from the simulation shows that immediately an illegal load is connected to the utility system either within the residential meter jurisdiction or otherwise stated, the GSM module alerts the utility company no matter how small the illegal load is

  8. Radiation monitor system for nuclear power plants

    The system has 8 kinds of radiation monitors and 2 stage microcomputers designed for processing the data from each monitor, storaging the information, printing out and displaying on the colour CRT. The function of the system includes high-value alarm, warm alarm and failure alarm, so called three-level alarms. Two functions of the alarms are the threshold alarm and the tendency alarm, so that this system is an intelligency system. This system has high reliability and very wide range when LOCA accident takes place. It is aseismic and immune to industrial interference. The system can meet IEC-761-1 standard and is of nuclear safety 3rd class. Also the following monitors were designed: 133Xe monitor, 131I monitor, low-level liquid monitor and high radiation γ area monitor. The system can meet the requirements of nuclear power plants

  9. Standard hydrogen monitoring system equipment installation instructions

    Schneider, T.C.

    1996-09-27

    This document provides the technical specifications for the equipment fabrication, installation, and sitework construction for the Standard Hydrogen Monitoring System. The Standard Hydrogen Monitoring System is designed to remove gases from waste tank vapor space and exhaust headers for continual monitoring and remote sample analysis.

  10. Stack Monitoring System At PUSPATI TRIGA Reactor

    This paper describes the current Stack Monitoring System at PUSPATI TRIGA Reactor (RTP) building. A stack monitoring system is a continuous air monitor placed at the reactor top for monitoring the presence of radioactive gaseous in the effluent air from the RTP building. The system consists of four detectors that provide the reading for background, particulate, Iodine and Noble gas. There is a plan to replace the current system due to frequent fault of the system, thus thorough understanding of the current system is required. Overview of the whole system will be explained in this paper. Some current results would be displayed and moving forward brief plan would be mentioned. (author)

  11. Activity and expression of acetylcholinesterase in PC12 cells exposed to intermittent 1.8 GHz 217-GSM mobile phone signal.

    Valbonesi, Paola; Franzellitti, Silvia; Bersani, Ferdinando; Contin, Andrea; Fabbri, Elena

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Due to its role in learning, memory and in many neurodegenerative diseases, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) represents an interesting endpoint to assess possible targets of exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) generated by mobile phones. We investigated possible alterations of enzymatic activity, gene and protein expression of AChE in neuronal-like cells exposed to a 1.8 GHz Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) modulated signal (217-GSM). Materials and methods Rat PC12 cells were exposed for 24 h to 1.8 GHz 217-GSM signal. Specific adsorption rate (SAR) was 2 W/kg. AChE enzyme activity was assessed spectrophotometrically by Ellman's method, mRNA expression level was evaluated by real time polymerase chain reaction, and protein expression was assessed by Western blotting. Results AChE enzymatic activity increased of 1.4-fold in PC12 cells exposed to 217-GSM signal for 24 h, whilst AChE transcriptional or translational pathways were not affected. Conclusion Our results provide the first evidence of effects on AChE activity after in vitro exposure of mammalian cells to the RF-EMF generated by GSM mobile phones, at the SAR value 2 W/kg. The obtained evidence promotes further investigations on AChE as a possible target of RF-EMF and confirm the ability of 1.8 GHz 217-GSM signal to induce biological effects in different mammalian cells. PMID:26630175

  12. Locate Misplaced Objects! GPS-GSM-Bluetooth Enabled Tracking

    Pragnya Srinivasan

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Every house has had a history of searching for keys, pen-drives, wallets and hand-purses and it is such a tedious job, especially, when they are of utmost need. To reduce the hectic searching effort and time spent, a system is proposed, with the lost items connected to wireless sensors (Bluetooth. A mobile application (the tracking device is created as an interface between the wireless sensors and the user. The transmitter end sends a signal to the receiver sensor, which after being traced will start ringing, to notify the user as to where the lost item is. A GPS-GSM system is integrated with the proposed system to navigate and locate the lost item if it is out of a specified range. Being at a plethora of availability the user will be able to combine task and view the required output as mobile alerts. The system acts as a multipurpose device, which besides discovering lost items also prevents theft and tracks the stolen objects.

  13. Subcooling monitor system for pressurized water reactor

    Main acceptance criteria for subcooling monitor system in a pressurized water reactor as required by current American regulations are briefly presented. reasons for such requirements are outlined. Main characteristics of a subcooling monitor to meet these requirements are sketched. (author)

  14. Development of living body information monitoring system

    Sakamoto, Hidetoshi; Ohbuchi, Yoshifumi; Torigoe, Ippei; Miyagawa, Hidekazu; Murayama, Nobuki; Hayashida, Yuki; Igasaki, Tomohiko

    2010-03-01

    The easy monitoring systems of contact and non-contact living body information for preventing the the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) were proposed as an alternative monitoring system of the infant's vital information. As for the contact monitoring system, respiration sensor, ECG electrodes, thermistor and IC signal processor were integrated into babies' nappy holder. This contact-monitoring unit has RF transmission function and the obtained data are analyzed in real time by PC. In non-contact mortaring system, the infrared thermo camera was used. The surrounding of the infant's mouth and nose is monitored and the respiration rate is obtained by thermal image processing of its temperature change image of expired air. This proposed system of in-sleep infant's vital information monitoring system and unit are very effective as not only infant's condition monitoring but also nursing person's one.

  15. Wireless system for location of permanent faults by short circuit current monitoring in electric power distribution network; Sistema wireless para localizacao de faltas permanentes atraves da monitoracao da corrente de curto-circuito em redes de distribuicao de energia eletrica

    Machado, A.G.; Correa, A.C.; Machado, R.N. das M.; Ferreira, A.M.D.; Pinto, J.A.C. [Instituto Federal de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia do Para (IFPA), Belem, PA (Brazil)], E-mail: alcidesmachado000@yahoo.com.br; Barra Junior, W. [Universidade Federal do Para (UFPA), Belem, PA (Brazil). Inst. de Tecnologia. Faculdade de Engenharia Eletrica], E-mail: walbarra@ufpa.br

    2009-07-01

    This paper presents the development of an automatic system for permanent short-circuits location in medium voltage (13.8 kV) electric power system distribution feeders, by indirect monitoring of the line current. When a permanent failure occurs, the developed system uses mobile telephony (GSM) text messages (SMS) to inform the power company operation center where the failure most likely took place. With this information in real time, the power company operation center may provide the network restoration in a faster and efficient way. (author)

  16. Embedded Remote Monitoring System Based on Internet

    Qingnan Fan

    2013-01-01

    To overcome drawbacks of PC monitor server and C/S mode in the traditional monitoring scheme, this paper designs a new embedded server system for remote monitoring solutions based on B/S mode. This system is implemented by employing South Korea's Samsung S3C2410 microprocessor as hardware core and embedded web server as software core. It combines MPEG-4 video image compression algorithm, BOA embedded web server and CGI web programming technology to realize the function of monitoring vid...

  17. Internationally monitored retrievable storage system

    The proposed internationally monitored retrievable storage system (IMRSS) is intended to provide an orderly and secure alternative to continuation of the current individualistic spent-fuel management trends in nuclear-power countries. The IMRSS concept, in its broadest terms, proposes that an international entity undertake the management responsibility for spent fuel after its discharge from power plant cooling ponds. The IMRSS envisages international management of a small number of surface (or near-surface) storage facilities distributed globally (in major nuclear countries and elsewhere) and a transportation system between nuclear plants and the storage facilities. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) would maintain responsibility for adherence to safeguards criteria. The IMRSS operation would be similar to that of an international bank, with each nation maintaining title to its spent fuel and able to withdraw it for peaceful purposes. The system would provide transparency, accountability, and security. The IMRSS would be a step to establishing an inter- national regime for the prudent management of spent fuel and excess civilian plutonium. The IMRSS concept has been studied in three international workshops. Among the major issues that have been addressed are the global distribution of spent fuel if current trends continue, the need for international criteria and management to ensure public health and nonproliferation, the value of spent-fuel retrievability, the future role of a plutonium resource in the fuel cycle, the operating format of a practical IMRSS, and the integration of an IMRSS with existing geopolitical agreements and arrangements

  18. Risk-based systems configuration monitoring system

    The paper presents the work done in the frame of the Research Contract No. 6993/RB - ''Risk based systems configuration monitoring system'' part of the coordinated programme ''Development of safety related expert systems''. The aim of this contract was to develop the prototype of an expert system based on PSA technology to be use for controlling the plant systems configuration taking into account the risk. The software prototype implementation was done using Visual Basic language, under Windows environment. The implemented prototype has the following features: store data/knowledge about components and human factor; store data/knowledge about the plant system and systems components, providing facilities to modify/search data/knowledge, based on the general knowledge; generate the logic model of the system; provide minimal cut sets and path sets determination; provide information to be used by the user for configuration risk management; provide user friendly interface (graphical interface under windows). The prototype can be independently used as an operator support system or for other on-line or off-line applications. After the testing of the prototype, some of the conclusions are: the developed software can be one of the most useful tools to be used by designers, PSA analysts, operators and regulatory for evaluation of the safety and reliability of the plant systems; the structure of the General Knowledge Base included into the prototype offers the possibility to combine knowledge introduced by different users. This feature can be the basis for the development of a knowledge acquisition system; the developed software and methodology can offer the basis for the risk-based data collection system development. (author). 12 refs, 30 figs

  19. Acoustic emission leak monitoring system LMS-96

    On-line acoustic emission leak monitoring under industrial conditions of nuclear power plants is a problem with specific features setting specific demands on the leak monitoring system. The paper briefly reviews those problems (attenuation pattern of a real structure, acoustic background, alarm system, etc.) and the solution of some of them is discussed. Information is presented on the Acoustic Emission Leak Monitoring System LMS-96 by SKODA NUCLEAR MACHINERY and the system's function is briefly described. (author)

  20. Project W-420 stack monitoring system upgrades

    This project will execute the design, procurement, construction, startup, and turnover activities for upgrades to the stack monitoring system on selected Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) ventilation systems. In this plan, the technical, schedule, and cost baselines are identified, and the roles and responsibilities of project participants are defined for managing the Stack Monitoring System Upgrades, Project W-420

  1. Monitored Geologic Repository Operations Monitoring and Control System Description Document

    E.F. Loros

    2000-06-29

    The Monitored Geologic Repository Operations Monitoring and Control System provides supervisory control, monitoring, and selected remote control of primary and secondary repository operations. Primary repository operations consist of both surface and subsurface activities relating to high-level waste receipt, preparation, and emplacement. Secondary repository operations consist of support operations for waste handling and treatment, utilities, subsurface construction, and other selected ancillary activities. Remote control of the subsurface emplacement operations, as well as, repository performance confirmation operations are the direct responsibility of the system. In addition, the system monitors parameters such as radiological data, air quality data, fire detection status, meteorological conditions, unauthorized access, and abnormal operating conditions, to ensure a safe workplace for personnel. Parameters are displayed in a real-time manner to human operators regarding surface and subsurface conditions. The system performs supervisory monitoring and control for both important to safety and non-safety systems. The system provides repository operational information, alarm capability, and human operator response messages during emergency response situations. The system also includes logic control to place equipment, systems, and utilities in a safe operational mode or complete shutdown during emergency response situations. The system initiates alarms and provides operational data to enable appropriate actions at the local level in support of emergency response, radiological protection response, evacuation, and underground rescue. The system provides data communications, data processing, managerial reports, data storage, and data analysis. This system's primary surface and subsurface operator consoles, for both supervisory and remote control activities, will be located in a Central Control Center (CCC) inside one of the surface facility buildings. The system consists of instrument and control equipment and components necessary to provide human operators with sufficient information to monitor and control the operation of the repository in an efficient and safe manner. The system consists of operator consoles and workstations, multiple video display terminals, communications and interfacing equipment, and instrument and control software with customized configuration to meet the needs of the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR). Process and logic controllers and the associated input/output units of each system interfaced with this system will be configured into Remote Terminal Units (RTU) and located close to the systems to be monitored and controlled. The RTUs are configured to remain operational should communication with CCC operations be lost. The system provides closed circuit television to selectively view systems, operations, and equipment areas and to aid in the operation of mechanical systems. Control and monitoring of site utility systems will be located in the CCC. Site utilities include heating, ventilation, and air conditioning equipment; plant compressed air; plant water; firewater; electrical systems; and inert gases, such as nitrogen, if required. This system interfaces with surface and subsurface systems that either generate output data or require remote control input. The system interfaces with the Site Communications System for bulk storage of operational data, on-site and off-site communication, and a plant-wide public announcement system. The system interfaces with the Safeguards and Security System to provide operational status and emergency alarm indications. The system interfaces with the Site Operation System to provide site wide acquisition of data for analysis and reports, historical information for trends, utility information for plant operation, and to receive operating plans and procedures.

  2. The Data Management System of Tunnel Monitoring

    Hongliang Deng; Kaijiang Chen; Qihua Deng; Tingting Ni; Mingyan Zhu

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the author has developed a data management system of tunnel monitoring by using ACCESS database and made a new exploration in the field of tunnel monitoring data management. This study introduces the principles, the methods and the functions of this system. The system sets data input, data management, data applications and other functions all in one. It has made a good connection between the visual interface of front desk and the ACCESS database for monitoring information stora...

  3. Coma Patient Monitoring System Using Image Processing

    Sankalp, Meenu

    2011-12-01

    COMA PATIENT MONITORING SYSTEM provides high quality healthcare services in the near future. To provide more convenient and comprehensive medical monitoring in big hospitals since it is tough job for medical personnel to monitor each patient for 24 hours.. The latest development in patient monitoring system can be used in Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Critical Care Unit (CCU), and Emergency Rooms of hospital. During treatment, the patient monitor is continuously monitoring the coma patient to transmit the important information. Also in the emergency cases, doctor are able to monitor patient condition efficiently to reduce time consumption, thus it provides more effective healthcare system. So due to importance of patient monitoring system, the continuous monitoring of the coma patient can be simplified. This paper investigates about the effects seen in the patient using "Coma Patient Monitoring System" which is a very advanced product related to physical changes in body movement of the patient and gives Warning in form of alarm and display on the LCD in less than one second time. It also passes a sms to a person sitting at the distant place if there exists any movement in any body part of the patient. The model for the system uses Keil software for the software implementation of the developed system.

  4. Innovative portable radiation monitoring system

    A new generation of portable monitoring systems is presented. The system consists of RAM R-200, a portable gamma meter designed for measuring wide range gamma radiation fields, and external probes for beta-gamma contamination, and high range gamma fields. The meter and the external probes were designed to withstand vibrations, shocks and extreme temperature conditions. The meter is lightweight - less than 500 g, compact - 80 x 35 x 130 mm, with emphasis on ergonomic design and ease of operation. It contains an internal detector with two energy compensated GM tubes for gamma field measurement in the range of 0.1 μSv/h to 1 Sv/h, and flat energy response to gamma radiation from 60 keV to 1350 keV. Low power consumption techniques enable more than 100 hours of continuous operation with a single 9V standard battery. The meter and the high range gamma probe meet the IEC1017-1 and ANSI-N42 standards. The meter includes signal processing electronics and embedded microprocessor circuitry. Dedicated software for data processing was developed, enabling smoothed analog and digital readout and fast response. Additional functions include accumulated dose calculation, malfunction detection and appropriate alarm, dose rate and accumulated thresholds, serial RS-232 communication with the external probes or with a PC. The RAM R-200 supports the logging or dose-rate measurements and acquisition time into its internal backed-up memory. Due to the importance of the audible indication to the user of such system an intensive study was done. Two audible indication modes are available. A conventional mode based on a short 'chirp' every pulse measured and variable frequency mode according to the field intensity. In the latter mode the meter automatically normalizes the frequency response with the actual measured field. The meter and the external probes include an internal microcontroller circuitry, power supplies for the internal electronics and detector high voltage, and output signal processing electronics. Each one of the external probes can be operated either by connection to the meter or to a PC. This feature enables detector calibration and storage of calibration factors in the probes' nonvolatile memory, via serial communication to a PC. The meter automatically identifies each change of external probe. The internal detector accumulated dose is recorded in the meter also when measurement is performed by an external probe. A magnesium case for the meter is under development. This case will reduce about 20% of the meter weight and decrease 15% of the low energy gamma rays absorption compared to the aluminum case. A special telescopic rod was developed as an accessory for the system. This rod enables the reading of hard to reach areas and measurement of high activity sources, where a safety distance must be kept between the measurement point and the operator. The RAM R-200 system ease of operation, compact dimensions and extreme environmental conditions withstanding, makes it useful to a variety of applications such as: General purpose survey meter, portable or stand alone radiation measurement station, NPP radiation monitoring, Nuclear Medicine, beta gamma surface contamination detection and measurement. (author)

  5. System of Monitoring and Evaluation

    Misra, Smita

    2008-01-01

    Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) are important performance management tools. They help in ascertaining whether the policies and programs are meeting the objectives. They can provide useful feedback information for taking corrective actions in the design of policies and programs. They are also the basis for accountability in the use of program funds. The monitoring and evaluation of the rura...

  6. Environmental monitoring system with TLD

    Presently work the methodology used by the Laboratory of Thermoluminescent Dosimetry (TLD) of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (RNA) to gauge it system of environmental monitoring in function of the media absorbed dose rate in free air and the environmental dose equivalent, H*(10), according to the recommendation ICRU Report 47 is described. It was studied the response of the environmental dosemeter (DA) in fields of photonic radiation of energies W60, Wl 10, W200 and 137 Cs. The irradiations were carried out following the recommendations of the standard ISO:4037. It was analyzed the response in the DA of the detectors LiF: Mg, Ti and CaF2: Dy for the different radiation qualities and the relative response at 137 Cs of both. The methodology used in the evaluation of the dose includes: the correction of the readings of both detectors by fading, gotten experimentally, the witness of transfers, the energy answer and the value of the zero. The dose is calculated applying the average pondered in uncertainty of the dose obtained for each type of detector. Its were analyzed and calculated the uncertainties that affect to the measurement following the recommendation of the Argentine standard IRAM 35050. The detection limit of the absorbed dose rate in free air of this system it is 3.5 n Gy/h for a period of sampling of 3 months. With this detection limit environmental dose equivalent rates of the order of 70 n Sv/h are measured with an expanded uncertainty of the order of 10% with a cover factor k = 2. (Author)

  7. Unsupervised user similarity mining in GSM sensor networks.

    Shad, Shafqat Ali; Chen, Enhong

    2013-01-01

    Mobility data has attracted the researchers for the past few years because of its rich context and spatiotemporal nature, where this information can be used for potential applications like early warning system, route prediction, traffic management, advertisement, social networking, and community finding. All the mentioned applications are based on mobility profile building and user trend analysis, where mobility profile building is done through significant places extraction, user's actual movement prediction, and context awareness. However, significant places extraction and user's actual movement prediction for mobility profile building are a trivial task. In this paper, we present the user similarity mining-based methodology through user mobility profile building by using the semantic tagging information provided by user and basic GSM network architecture properties based on unsupervised clustering approach. As the mobility information is in low-level raw form, our proposed methodology successfully converts it to a high-level meaningful information by using the cell-Id location information rather than previously used location capturing methods like GPS, Infrared, and Wifi for profile mining and user similarity mining. PMID:23576905

  8. Intelligent monitoring system for intensive care units.

    Nouira, Kaouther; Trabelsi, Abdelwahed

    2012-08-01

    We address in the present paper a medical monitoring system designed as a multi-agent based approach. Our system includes mainly numerous agents that act as correlated multi-agent sub-systems at the three layers of the whole monitoring infrastructure, to avoid non informative alarms and send effective alarms at time. The intelligence in the proposed monitoring system is provided by the use of time series technology. In fact, the capability of continuous learning of time series from the physiological variables allows the design of a system that monitors patients in real-time. Such system is a contrast to the classical threshold-based monitoring system actually present in the Intensive Care Units (ICUs) which causes a huge number of irrelevant alarms. PMID:21505862

  9. GSM-Based Wireless Database Access For Food And Drug Administration And Control

    Engr. Prof Hyacinth C. Inyiama; Engr. Mrs Lois Nwobodo; Engr. Dr. Mrs. Christiana C. Okezie; Engr. Mrs. Nkolika O. Nwazor

    2012-01-01

    GSM (Global system for mobile communication) based wireless database access for food and drug administration and control is a system that enables one to send a query to the database using the short messaging system (SMS) for information about a particular food or drug. It works in such a way that a user needs only send an SMS in order to obtain information about a particular drug produced by a pharmaceutical industry. The system then receives the SMS, interprets it and uses its contents to qu...

  10. Ultra sensitive sea water radioactivity monitoring system. Autonomous low power consumption equipped with wireless data communication

    Following the recognition of their usefulness by the States and the scientific community, the automatic water monitoring networks were developed again to be able to measure sea water. For that purpose they had to be fully autonomous, have low power consumption (solar panels power supply), use wireless communicating (satellite, GSM, Radio) and be very sensitive (few Bq/m3). It is important to note that radioactivity detection in sea has many constraints: The detection system sensitivity must be very high because of the dilution factor of the ocean. The analysis method has to be adapted: the detection of very low levels of artificial contamination is made difficult due to the natural radioactivity in seawater (i.e., more than 10 kBq of 40K/m3). The system has to be completely autonomous, 'wireless'. Additional conventional measuring probes must be connected to the system to increase its interest (pH, t deg, salinity, position, meteorology). The system maintenance must be very limited (1/year). Wind and corrosion resistance must be high. The probe must be installed on a buoy. Moreover, some improvements are needed to allow: Amplification Gain drifts due to NaI sensitivity to t deg to be compensated. Net peak area computation in a specific energy range. Interference correction to prevent false alarms due to natural radiation. Very long counting time. (author)

  11. Distributed Monitoring System Based on ICINGA

    Haen, C; Neufeld, N

    2011-01-01

    The LHCb online system relies on a large and heterogeneous I.T. infrastructure : it comprises more than 2000 servers and embedded systems and more than 200 network devices. While for the control and monitoring of detectors, PLCs, and readout boards an industry standard SCADA system PVSSII has been put in production, we use a low level monitoring system to monitor the control infrastructure itself. While our previous system was based on a single central NAGIOS server, our current system uses a distributed ICINGA infrastructure.

  12. Centralized environmental radiation monitoring system in JAERI

    Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has continued the radiation background survey and environmental radiation monitoring to ensure the safety of the residents around the Institute. For the monitoring of β and γ radiations and α and β radioactivities in air, the centralized automatic environmental radiation monitoring system (EMS) applying a computer with monitoring stations (MS) was established. The system has been renewed twice in 1973 and 1988. In 1962, a new concept emergency environmental γ-ray monitoring system (MP) was begun to construct and completed in 1965 independent of EMS. The first renewal of the EMS was carried out by focusing on the rapid and synthetic judgement and estimation of the environmental impacts caused by radiation and radioactive materials due to the operation of nuclear facilities by centralizing the data measured at MS, MP, a meteorological station, stack monitors and drainage monitoring stations under the control of computer. Present system renewed in 1988 was designed to prevent the interruption of monitoring due to computer troubles, communication troubles and power failures especially an instant voltage drop caused by thunder by reflecting the experiences through the operation and maintenance of the former system. Dual telemeters whose power is constantly supplied via batteries (capable of 10 min. monitoring after power failure) are equipped in the monitoring center to cope with telemeter troubles, which has operated successfully without any suspension being attributable to the power failures and telemeter troubles. (J.P.N.)

  13. Darlington Nuclear fuelling machine system monitoring

    System monitoring is one of the components needed in ensuring an efficient and healthy system. It provides an accurate look at the condition of the equipment, detects signs of performance deterioration and identifies need for improvements (hardware, procedural, or life cycle limitation/early component replacement, etc.). This paper deals only with the system monitoring part. The discussion will be laid out in chronological order according to the Fuelling Machine life cycle, starting with activities at PTF (Pressure Test Facility), followed by in-service monitoring, and concluding with monitoring/inspections during the overhaul. (author)

  14. GSM MSC/VLR Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) Service

    Taskin, Egemen

    2012-01-01

    Although the Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) service is one of the most used GSM services such as checking the balance of prepaid cards, it is not well known by subscribers and it is so often confused with a popular GSM service, Short Message Service (SMS). While SMS is based on the characteristics of storing and forwarding data, USSD is session based and real-time. Technically, USSD service allows the Mobile Station (MS) user and a Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) operator  d...

  15. REAL TIME WIRELESS AIR POLLUTION MONITORING SYSTEM

    Raja Vara Prasad Y; Mirza Sami Baig; Mishra, Rahul K; Rajalakshmi, P.; U. B. Desai; S. N. Merchant

    2011-01-01

    Air pollution has significant influence on the concentration of constituents in the atmosphere leading to effects like global warming and acid rains. To avoid such adverse imbalances in the nature, an air pollution monitoring system is utmost important. This paper attempts to develop an effective solution for pollution monitoring using wireless sensor networks (WSN) on a real time basis namely real time wireless air pollution monitoring system. Commercially available discrete gas sensors for ...

  16. Apparatus, System, And Method For Roadway Monitoring

    Claudel, Christian G.

    2015-06-02

    An apparatus, system, and method for monitoring traffic and roadway water conditions. Traffic flow and roadway flooding is monitored concurrently through a wireless sensor network. The apparatus and system comprises ultrasound rangefinders monitoring traffic flow, flood water conditions, or both. Routing information may be calculated from the traffic conditions, such that routes are calculated to avoid roadways that are impassable or are slow due to traffic conditions.

  17. Water Quality Monitoring System based on WSN

    Wang, Teng

    2012-01-01

    With the growth of economy in recent years, the water quality monitoring becomes a critical issue about water pollution. Water Quality Monitoring has a big influence on the aquaculture management, waste water treatment, drinking water and some other applications. There is a trend to build a wireless sensor network system for water quality monitoring. This system detects pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, temperature, ORP (Oxidation-Reduction Potential), BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Dem...

  18. Innovation of Temelin diagnostic and monitoring systems

    Diagnostic and monitoring systems MAFES-TSF, MAFES-DMS, HUMOS and LEMOP were installed at the 1st and 2nd units of the NPP Temelin in the framework of the NPP project. Innovations of the diagnostic and monitoring systems have been prepared and implemented aiming to increase existing information on operational status of the primary circuit components and to increase the nuclear safety of the equipments as well. The contribution deals for example with an extension of the MAFES-TSF systems to perform an assessment of fatigue lifetime of new, not yet in the system involved component parts, with practical application of the MAFES-DMS systems for monitoring of steam pipeline vibrations and with usage of the LEMOP systems for an identification of coolant leaks. Selected results of monitored events and monitoring channel tests are given and discussed. (author)

  19. NASA Carbon Monitoring System Program

    Kaye, J. A.; Doorn, B.; Jucks, K. W.; Wickland, D. E.; Bontempi, P. S.; "Nasa CMS Pilot Product; Scoping Study Teams"

    2010-12-01

    NASA has recently begun a focused program to provide products on the amount and distribution of carbon reservoirs and fluxes in the global environment informed by the increasing global observational capability for these quantities developed by NASA and its interagency and international partners. This program, known as a Carbon Monitoring System (CMS), serves as a user-responsive, product-oriented overlay onto the existing observational, modeling, and research programs sponsored by NASA's Earth Science Division (ESD). Initial emphasis is on two pilot products - one on terrestrial biomass and one on integrated emission/uptake ("flux"), as well as a "scoping study" that will enable longer-term planning built around the increasing global observational capability NASA expects to be launching in the next few years (e.g., Landsat Data Continuity Mission in 2012, reflight of Orbiting Carbon Observatory in 2013, decadal survey missions including ICESat-II in 2015 and DESDynI in 2017). Initial efforts on the pilot products are based largely at three NASA centers (Ames, Goddard, Jet Propulsion Laboratory), but will draw on the broader expertise of the research community through workshops (e.g., one held in Boulder in July, 2010) as well as a planned solicitation for a Science Definition Team to provide broader guidance into the development, evaluation, and future evolution of the pilot products. The NASA CMS activity, with its emphasis on utilization of NASA remote-sensing data, will complement related efforts of other Federal agencies; coordination with other agencies will be carried out through the US Global Change Research Program. In this talk, steps taken to initiate this activity in FY2010 and plans for its evolution into the future will be presented.

  20. The design of radiation monitor passageway system

    The Radiation Monitor Passageway System is designed as four modules, the radiation detection modules, the control modules, the mechanism modules and the optional modules. this system integrate the radiation detection technology and door ban control technology. It is a effective radiation monitor equipment with high detect sensitiveness, it will be hopeful devoted to national nuclear safeguard. (authors)

  1. Lidar system applied in atmospheric pollution monitoring

    A lidar system, incorporating tunable dye lasers and a 25-cm diam Newtonian telescope, has been constructed and applied in atmospheric pollution monitoring. The system, which is fully controlled by a specially designed microcomputer, has been used in several field tests, where stack effluents as well as the ambient air have been monitored. Results from particle, NO2, and SO2 measurements are discussed

  2. Arduino-based Food and Water Dispenser for Pets with GSM Technology Control

    Angelo A. Beltran Jr., Allen Rei Clavero, John Mark B. De Vera, Paul Avry P. Lopez, Cyrus A. Mueca, Napoleon A. Pempeña IX,; Adrian Zhaniel D. Roxas

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a project design for which the pet owner can feed his own pet even without his presence by just sending a text message to the system through his cellular phone. The system uses the concept of GSM technology to receive signal from the owner. If the system received the message, the servo motor and solenoid valve will be activated. The servo motor will rotate that will serve as the food transportation and the solenoid valve will be opened for the water...

  3. The Performance of H263-Based Video Telephony over Turbo-Equalized GSM/GPRS

    Cherriman, P.J.; Yeap, B.L.; Hanzo, L.

    2002-01-01

    The performance of turbo-equalized Global System of Mobile Communications/General Packet Radio Service (GSM/GPRS)-like videophone transceivers is studied over dispersive fading channels as a function of the number of turbo equalization iterations. Iteration gains up to 6 dB were attained. The operating channel signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) required for maintaining a peak SNR loss of less than 1 dB was reduced by 3.2dB for the one-slot system and by 4.1 dB for the four-slot system. The proposed ...

  4. Developing a system for AMB Monitoring

    Hancock, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    A monitoring system for the Associative Memory Boards (AMBs) of the Fast Tracker (FTK) is developed and tested. This system is able to read out status register values from AMBs and publish them to the Information Service (IS). The system is designed so as to be easily extensible to other boards of FTK, and this is demonstrated through an extension of the systems to be able to monitor FTK Auxiliary cards. Future work will involve extensions to other FTK boards and providing a system to read from IS and present the user with the monitoring data.

  5. A REAL TIME MONITORING SYSTEM FOR PHYSIOLOGICAL SIGNALS USING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

    P.Amaranadha reddy1 , J.Damodhar2

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available hat the number of elderly people is increasing. Hence, the problem of home-care for elderly people is very important. In recently, wireless sensor networks are used to structure home-care system in many esearches. Wireless sensor networks application for physiological signals communication transmission has many technologies. Such as the Infrared, Bluetooth and ZigBee, etc. Because the angle limit problem of the infraredtransmission, and the infrared have not be used for Physiological signal transmission. Although Bluetooth is better than ZigBee for transmission rate, but ZigBee has lower power consumption. Hence, ZigBee is generally used for 24 hours monitor of communication transmission systems. The first procedure of the system that we use the sensors to measure temparature,heart rate and blood pressure from human body, Using Zigbee the measured signal sends to the PC via the RS-232 serial port communication interface. We can send the signal to remote PC or PDA. In particular, when measured signals over the standard value, the personal computer will send GSM short message to absent manager’s mobile phone.

  6. Centralized environmental radiation monitoring system in JAERI

    JAERI has continued the environmental radiation background survey and monitoring to ensure the safety of the peoples around the institute since one year before the first criticality of JRR-1 (Japan Research Reactor No.1) in August 1957. Air absorbed doses from ? and ? radiation, ? and ? radioactivity in air and the radioactivities in environmental samples were the monitoring items. For the monitoring of ? and ? radiation and ? and ? radioactivity in air, monitoring station and the centralized automatic environmental radiation monitoring system applying a computer were established as a new challenging monitoring system for nuclear facility, which was the first one not only in Japan but also in the would in 1960 and since then the system has been renewed two times (in 1973 and 1988) by introducing the latest technology in the fields of radiation detection and computer control at each stage. Present system renewed in 1988 was designed to prevent the interruption of monitoring due to computer troubles, communication troubles and power failures especially an instant voltage drop arisen from thunder by reflecting the experiences through the operation and maintenance of the former system. Dual telemeters whose power is constantly supplied via batteries (capable of 10 min monitoring after power failure) are equipped in the monitoring center to cope with telemeter troubles, which has operated successfully without any suspension being attributable to the power failures and telemeter troubles

  7. Storage monitoring systems for the year 2000

    In September 1993, President Clinton stated the US would ensure that its fissile material meet the highest standards of safety, security, and international accountability. Frequent human inspection of the material could be used to ensure these standards. However, it may be more effective and less expensive to replace these manual inspections with virtual inspections via remote monitoring technologies. To prepare for this future, Sandia National Laboratories has developed several monitoring systems, including the Modular Integrated Monitoring System (MIMS) and Project Straight-Line. The purpose of this paper is to describe a Sandia effort that merges remote monitoring technologies into a comprehensive storage monitoring system that will meet the near-term as well as the long-term requirements for these types of systems. Topics discussed include: motivations for storage monitoring systems to include remote monitoring; an overview of the needs and challenges of providing a storage monitoring system for the year 2000; an overview of how the MIMS and Straight-Line can be enhanced so that together they create an integrated and synergistic information system by the end of 1997; and suggested milestones for 1998 and 1999 to assure steady progress in preparing for the needs of 2000

  8. Storage monitoring systems for the year 2000

    Nilsen, C.; Pollock, R.

    1997-12-31

    In September 1993, President Clinton stated the US would ensure that its fissile material meet the highest standards of safety, security, and international accountability. Frequent human inspection of the material could be used to ensure these standards. However, it may be more effective and less expensive to replace these manual inspections with virtual inspections via remote monitoring technologies. To prepare for this future, Sandia National Laboratories has developed several monitoring systems, including the Modular Integrated Monitoring System (MIMS) and Project Straight-Line. The purpose of this paper is to describe a Sandia effort that merges remote monitoring technologies into a comprehensive storage monitoring system that will meet the near-term as well as the long-term requirements for these types of systems. Topics discussed include: motivations for storage monitoring systems to include remote monitoring; an overview of the needs and challenges of providing a storage monitoring system for the year 2000; an overview of how the MIMS and Straight-Line can be enhanced so that together they create an integrated and synergistic information system by the end of 1997; and suggested milestones for 1998 and 1999 to assure steady progress in preparing for the needs of 2000.

  9. Supervisory monitoring system in nuclear power plants

    Monitoring of a power plant is one of the essential tasks during operation and the computer-based implementations are nowadays seemingly quite mature. However, presently these are still not satisfactory enough to meet the high standards to the licensing requirements and they are mostly not truly integrated to the plant's design-based monitoring system. This is basically due to the robustness problem as the majority of the methods are not robust enough for the monitoring of the safety parameter set in a plant or intelligent supervision. Therefore, a supervisory monitoring system (SMS) in a plant is necessary to supervise the monitoring tasks: determining the objectives to be obtained and finding the means to support them. SMS deals with the changing plant status and the coordination of the information flow among the monitoring subunits. By means of these robustness and consistency in monitoring is achieved. The paper will give the guidelines of knowledge and data management techniques in a framework of robust comprehensive and coordinated monitoring which is presented as supervisory monitoring. Such a high level monitoring serves for consistent and immediate actions in fault situations while this particularly has vital importance in preventing imminent severe accidents next to the issues of recognition of the monitoring procedures for licensing and enhanced plant safety. (author). 8 refs, 5 figs

  10. The development of wireless area monitoring system

    A wireless monitoring system was developed in the Fugen nuclear power station to measure the dose rate changes of radiation working areas in the reactor building. The system provided real time information to operators during the chemical decontamination campaign performed in 1989 and 1991. The system markedly reduced occupational radiation dose with manual dose rate monitoring. Development history of the system and benefits provided are described. (author)

  11. Sport monitoring with smart wearable system.

    Perego, Paolo; Moltani, Alessia; Andreoni, Giuseppe

    2012-01-01

    This work presents a new system for sport monitoring. The system was composed of a t-shirt with two textile electrodes and two devices for the acquisition, storage, processing and visualization of the signals. The systems allows monitoring both ECG signal (raw and processed heart-rate) and 3 axial acceleration (raw and step counter). The systems were tested in different conditions during some races; we report the results on three subjects during a skyrunning race. PMID:22942058

  12. Surveillance system for radiation monitoring in HTTR

    The High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR: thermal output of 30 MW) went critical for the first time on November 10, 1998. Radiation monitoring in the HTTR Rise-to-Power Test was carried out using the surveillance system. This report will be used in radiation monitoring in Rise-to-Power Tests and also in periodic inspection work etc. in HTTR. This report describes the design and specification of the surveillance system for the radiation monitoring which consists of radiation monitors, radiation measuring instruments and personal computers in HTTR. The outline of HTTR is also described. (author)

  13. Surveillance system for radiation monitoring in HTTR

    Nakazawa, Takashi; Yasu, Katsuji; Yoshino, Toshiaki; Ashikagaya, Yoshinobu; Kikuchi, Toshiki; Minowa, Yuuji [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Oarai, Ibaraki (Japan). Oarai Research Establishment; Sato, Kouichi; Nomura, Toshibumi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    2001-03-01

    The High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR: thermal output of 30 MW) went critical for the first time on November 10, 1998. Radiation monitoring in the HTTR Rise-to-Power Test was carried out using the surveillance system. This report will be used in radiation monitoring in Rise-to-Power Tests and also in periodic inspection work etc. in HTTR. This report describes the design and specification of the surveillance system for the radiation monitoring which consists of radiation monitors, radiation measuring instruments and personal computers in HTTR. The outline of HTTR is also described. (author)

  14. Monitoring system in reactor dry well

    A failed portion of a dry well in a BWR type reactor is monitored and identified from a remote place by a simple structure. That is, laser beams are irradiated under scanning to a portion to be monitored. Then, the reflection light is monitored by a light receiving and monitoring system, and abnormalities such as defects or leaks of monitored portion are optically detected by a remote viewing equipment. With such a constitution, the portion to be monitored in poor operation circumstances of the reactor dry well can always be monitored efficiently from a remote place. The device of the present invention does not undergo the effect of radiation noises, etc. and it is excellent in heat resistance and radiation resistance. (I.S.)

  15. Beam monitoring system for intense neutron source

    Monitoring system realizing novel principle of operation and allowing to register a two-dimensional beam current distribution within entire aperture (100...200 mm) of ion pipe for a time in nanosecond range has been designed and accomplished for beam control of the INR intense neutron source, for preventing thermo-mechanical damage of its first wall. Key unit of the system is monitor of two-dimensional beam current distribution, elements of which are high resistant to heating by the beam and to radiation off the source. The description of the system and monitor are presented. Implementation of the system for the future sources with more high intensities are discussed. (author)

  16. Indoor Radio Planning A Practical Guide for GSM, DCS, UMTS, HSPA and LTE

    Tolstrup, Morten

    2011-01-01

    Why is indoor coverage needed, and how it is best implemented? As the challenge of providing higher data speeds and quality for mobile applications intensifies, ensuring adequate in-building and tunnel coverage and capacity is increasingly important. A unique, single-source reference on the theoretical and practical knowledge behind indoor and tunnel radio planning, Indoor Radio Planning, Second Edition provides an overview of mobile networks systems and coverage solutions with GSM, UMTS, HSPA and LTE cellular systems technologies as a backdrop. All of the available solutions, from basic passi

  17. Implementation of Integrity of Voice and face Recognition for Home Security by using GSM AND ZIGBEE

    Chandrasekhar Lokanadham; B. Purna V. Subbarao; V. Santhisri

    2012-01-01

    Home security is very popular in present days in its simplest form home controlling is the ability to control lighting , household and image reorganization appliances remotely with this device automation safety from theft, leak in of raw gas and fire is also the most important requirement of home for people by combining wireless sensor net work and GSM technology, In this proposes a new solution for remote home security and device control system. The system is composed of the ARM7 based WSN c...

  18. AP1000 radiation monitoring system design and engineering solution

    It presents the design concept and solution, including system integration architecture, communication network design and monitoring software of Radiation Monitoring System in Sanmen and Haiyang AP1000 nuclear power plant. The design of AP1000 radiation monitoring system has been simplified comparing to general Pressurized Water Reactor. Radiation monitoring network is composed of the radiation monitoring computer system (CRPS-1000) and four kinds of radiation monitors through standard interface. The data of radiation monitoring system are monitored and managed by CRPS-1000. (authors)

  19. Design Challenges of Implantable Pressure Monitor System

    Guangqiang Jiang

    2010-01-01

    Pressure in various organs and body parts, such as blood vessels, heart, brain, eyes, bladder and GI tracts, is an important indication of health. Long term, continuous pressure monitoring is essential for early diagnosis of many diseases. When combined with existing neuro-prosthetics devices, such as neuro-stimulator and pacemaker, etc., pressure monitoring provides better solutions to many neural disorders. First efforts toward a long term implantable pressure-monitoring system were initiat...

  20. Simple and Cost Effective Environment Monitoring System

    Kunal Dhodapkar*1,; , P. Sathya2

    2014-01-01

    Monitoring Environmental factors such as temperature measurement, light intensity, relative humidity and air composition are not only important for industrial purposes but also a cause of growing concern in our day to day life. This paper documents a construction and working of a very simple, easy to use and cost effective Environment Monitoring system which runs on battery power. It is a basic model that monitors temperature in Celsius and Light Intensity in Lumens. It st...

  1. System for autonomous monitoring of bioagents

    Langlois, Richard G.; Milanovich, Fred P.; Colston, Jr, Billy W.; Brown, Steve B.; Masquelier, Don A.; Mariella, Jr., Raymond P.; Venkateswaran, Kodomudi

    2015-06-09

    An autonomous monitoring system for monitoring for bioagents. A collector gathers the air, water, soil, or substance being monitored. A sample preparation means for preparing a sample is operatively connected to the collector. A detector for detecting the bioagents in the sample is operatively connected to the sample preparation means. One embodiment of the present invention includes confirmation means for confirming the bioagents in the sample.

  2. Nuclear safety, control and monitoring systems

    The review of basic systems supporting safety of technological processes, which were developed and implemented at the Mayak site, is given. The purpose of the self-sustaining chain reaction emergency warning system is to register any anomalously high level of instantaneous γ-radiation, provide sound and light alarm signals, estimate the γ-radiation absorbed dose rate. The purpose of the automated radiation monitoring system is to provide radiation safety of process personnel by continuous remote monitoring of the radiological situation and control of the alarm devices and operating mechanisms. The automated radiation monitoring system provides continuous monitoring γ-radiation exposure dose rate; collection and processing of data from measurement units; prompt notification to regional and federal executive authorities about any accidents and provision of informational support of decision-making. The neutron detection system is used to measure the frequency of impulses that characterise the flux of neutrons emitted by the plutonium solution in the process vessels, prepare and transfer information to the central process control system at its automated workplace locations. The goals of the system for automatic monitoring of nuclear shipments are to provide integrated online monitoring for nuclear, radiation, environmental and fire safety, branch power supply, radiation and meteorological monitoring of the sanitary protection zones and observation zones, as well as transmission of operative data to the Rosatom's Crisis Response Centre

  3. Computer-controlled radiation monitoring system

    A computer-controlled radiation monitoring system was designed and installed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Multiuser Tandem Laboratory (10 MV tandem accelerator from High Voltage Engineering Corporation). The system continuously monitors the photon and neutron radiation environment associated with the facility and automatically suspends accelerator operation if preset radiation levels are exceeded. The system has proved reliable real-time radiation monitoring over the past five years, and has been a valuable tool for maintaining personnel exposure as low as reasonably achievable

  4. Mobility Monitoring System For Ecological Studies

    Eisler, W. J., Jr.; Frigerio, N. A.

    1969-01-01

    Radioactive-nuclide system automatically monitors animals in the field, using radioactive tracers affixed to the animals, Geiger-Muller tube radiation detectors, and event-recorders. Four animals can be monitored simultaneously within a 32-m circle, with each animal as far as 1 m from its associated detector.

  5. The Canadian Monitoring and Evaluation System

    Lahey, Robert

    2011-01-01

    Performance measurement, monitoring, and evaluation have long been part of the infrastructure within the federal government in Canada. With more than 30 years of formalized evaluation experience in most large federal departments and agencies, many lessons can be gained, not the least of which is the recognition that the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system itself is not static. The Canad...

  6. Steam generator leak rate monitoring system

    The method of through monitoring 16N activities in the main steam pipe to get the leak rate of steam generator, now is the main way of steam generator leak rate monitoring. The relation to calculate the leak rate from 16N count rate and question in the application are introduced. The system used in Qinshan and Daya Bay nuclear power Plant is introduced

  7. Blood monitoring systems and methods thereof

    Mir, Jose (Inventor); Zander, Dennis (Inventor)

    2012-01-01

    A blood monitoring system is capable of monitoring the blood of a subject in vivo. The blood monitoring system comprises: 1) an array of movable microneedle micromachined within associated wells; 2) array of motion actuators able to move each needle in and out of their associated wells; 3) array of microvalves associated with each microneedle able to control the flow of air around the microneedle; 4) an array of chemical sensors inserted into patient by movable microneedles; 5) an array of inductors able to measure chemical concentration in the vicinity of inserted chemical sensors; 6) conducting vias that provide timed actuating signal signals from a control system to each motion actuator; 7) conducting vias that transmit signal produced by array of chemical sensors to the control system for processing, although the blood monitoring system can comprise other numbers and types of elements in other configurations.

  8. Data processing for water monitoring system

    Monford, L.; Linton, A. T.

    1978-01-01

    Water monitoring data acquisition system is structured about central computer that controls sampling and sensor operation, and analyzes and displays data in real time. Unit is essentially separated into two systems: computer system, and hard wire backup system which may function separately or with computer.

  9. Limerick Nuclear Generating Station vibration monitoring system

    Philadelphia Electric Company utilizes a vibration monitoring computer system at its Limerick Nuclear Generating Station to evaluate machine performance. Performance can be evaluated through instantaneous sampling, online static and transient data. The system functions as an alarm monitor, displaying timely alarm data to the control area. The passage of time since the system's inception has been a learning period. Evaluation through continuous use has led to many enhancements in alarm handling and in the acquisition and display of machine data. Due to the system's sophistication, a routine maintenance program is a necessity. This paper describes the system's diagnostic tools and current utilization. System development and maintenance techniques will also be discussed

  10. Preparedness for response to the challenges from orphan sources: nationwide environmental radiation mapping with state of the art monitoring systems

    Based on the various international reports on orphan sources, the potential for radiological emergencies in public domain is recognized as a cause of concern. To detect the presence of any such orphan sources and to strengthen the preparedness for response to any radiological emergencies in public domain, a nationwide radiation mapping programme was initiated in India. Various radiation monitoring systems, few of them integrated with Global Positioning System (GPS) installed in mobile monitoring vans were used for this purpose. This monitoring also helped in generating the base line dose rate data of the cities and also in demonstrating the methodology of environmental monitoring for locating the presence of orphan sources, if any. During the detailed monitoring of various cities of the country, different systems such as GSM based Radiation Monitoring System (GRaMS), Compact Radiation Monitoring system, Portable Mobile Gamma Spectrometry System, Gamma Tracer System etc. installed in a vehicle were made to continuously acquire the data at a varying rate from 10 sec to 1 minute acquisition time. These systems can measure dose rate in the range of 0.01 - 100 ?Gy h-1 and can detect 7.4 MBq (200 ?Ci) of 60Co and 25 MBq (675 ?Ci) of 137Cs from a distance of 5 metre. Average dose rate recorded during these environmental monitoring was 81 07 nGy h-1 with a maximum of 210 11 nGyh-1 at Bangalore (attributed to the presence of K-40). The digital topographic map and the data acquired from the radiation mapping are used to generate terrestrial radiation map. This radiation profile stored in the database can be used as reference while carrying out the impact assessment following any nuclear / radiological emergencies. These systems also help to tag the radiation levels along with positional coordinates online onto the GIS map of the area. GRaMS also demonstrated its capability for online transmission of the data to the centralized data acquisition Base Station located at nodal Emergency Response Centre (ERC) which enhances the quick decision making capability on the implementation of counter measures, whenever required. This paper discusses the selection and optimization of the monitoring systems required during any radiological emergencies, monitoring methodology to be adopted and the results of the monitoring exercises carried out at various cities of India i.e., Jaipur, Bangalore, Thiruvanathapuram, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Tarapur etc. The mobile monitoring methodology adopted and base line dose rate data generated for the major cities will be very useful during the assessment of impact, if required, during any radiological emergency scenario in the cities. (author)

  11. Preparedness for response to the challenges from orphan sources: nationwide environmental radiation mapping with state of the art monitoring systems

    Based on the various international reports on orphan sources, the potential for radiological emergencies in public domain is recognized as a cause of concern. To detect the presence of any such orphan sources and to strengthen the preparedness for response to any radiological emergencies in public domain, a nationwide radiation mapping programme was initiated in India. Various radiation monitoring systems, few of them integrated with Global Positioning System (GPS) installed in mobile monitoring vans were used for this purpose. This monitoring also helped in generating the base line dose rate data of the cities and also in demonstrating the methodology of environmental monitoring for locating the presence of orphan sources, if any. During the detailed monitoring of various cities of the country, different systems such as GSM based Radiation Monitoring System (GRaMS), Compact Radiation Monitoring system, Portable Mobile Gamma Spectrometry System, Gamma Tracer System etc. installed in a vehicle were made to continuously acquire the data at a varying rate from 10 sec to 1 minute acquisition time. These systems can measure dose rate in the range of 0.01 - 100 μGy h-1 and can detect 7.4 MBq (200 μCi) of 60Co and 25 MBq (675 μCi) of 137Cs from a distance of 5 metre. Average dose rate recorded during these environmental monitoring was 81 ± 07 nGy h-1 with a maximum of 210 ± 11 nGyh-1 at Bangalore (attributed to the presence of K-40). The digital topographic map and the data acquired from the radiation mapping are used to generate terrestrial radiation map. This radiation profile stored in the database can be used as reference while carrying out the impact assessment following any nuclear / radiological emergencies. These systems also help to tag the radiation levels along with positional coordinates online onto the GIS map of the area. GRaMS also demonstrated its capability for online transmission of the data to the centralized data acquisition Base Station located at nodal Emergency Response Centre (ERC) which enhances the quick decision making capability on the implementation of counter measures, whenever required.This paper discusses the selection and optimization of the monitoring systems required during any radiological emergencies, monitoring methodology to be adopted and the results of the monitoring exercises carried out at various cities of India i.e., Jaipur, Bangalore, Thiruvanathapuram, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Tarapur etc. The mobile monitoring methodology adopted and base line dose rate data generated for the major cities will be very useful during the assessment of impact, if required, during any radiological emergency scenario in the cities. (author)

  12. Implementation of the risk monitoring system

    Experience in the preparation of a risk monitor is described, comprising both foreign experience and experience in the preparation of risk monitoring systems. The importance of risk monitoring for the control and assessment of the NPP operation is highlighted, including related topics such as risk oriented indicators and emergency sequence precursors. Information sources necessary for setting up the monitor are discussed in detail. Special attention is paid to the transformation of the 'classical PSA model' into a model suitable for risk monitoring, particularly the transformation of event trees into top logic, and to the inevitable interventions into the failure tree logic especially in relation to the boundary condition setting. The creation of databases describing the PSA model and its relation to the plant systems and possibilities of reactor unit configuration change are outlined. The topic of data input during work with the risk monitor, both off-line and in semi-real time, is also discussed. Available risk monitoring software tools are described and samples of output for the demonstration model in the Safety Monitor code are presented. Basic information is also given regarding the applicability of the risk monitor in configuration risk management and in risk-informed licensing

  13. Quaternion Based Omnidirectional Machine Condition Monitoring System

    Wai-Kit Wong

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Thermal monitoring is useful for revealing some serious electrical problems in a factory that oftengo undetected until a serious breakdown occurs. In factories, there are various types offunctioning machines to be monitored. When there is any malfunctioning of a machine, extra heatwill be generated which can be picked up by thermal camera for image processing andidentification purpose. In this paper, a new and effective omnidirectional machine conditionmonitoring system applying log-polar mapper, quaternion based thermal image correlator andmax-product fuzzy neural network classifier is proposed for monitoring machine condition in anomnidirectional view. With this monitoring system, it is convenient to detect and monitor theconditions of (overheat or not of more than one machines in an omnidirectional view captured byusing a single thermal camera. Log-polar mapping technique is used to unwarp omnidirectionalthermal image into panoramic form. Two classification characteristics namely: peak to sideloberatio (PSR and real to complex ratio of the discrete quaternion correlation output (p-value areapplied in the proposed machine condition monitoring system. Large PSR and p-value observe ina good match among correlation of the input thermal image with a particular reference image,while small PSR and p-value observe in a bad/not match among correlation of the input thermalimage with a particular reference image. Simulation results also show that the proposed system isan efficient omnidirectional machine monitoring system with accuracy more than 97%

  14. A plasma process monitor/control system

    Stevenson, J.O.; Ward, P.P.; Smith, M.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Markle, R.J. [Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., Austin, TX (United States)

    1997-08-01

    Sandia National Laboratories has developed a system to monitor plasma processes for control of industrial applications. The system is designed to act as a fully automated, sand-alone process monitor during printed wiring board and semiconductor production runs. The monitor routinely performs data collection, analysis, process identification, and error detection/correction without the need for human intervention. The monitor can also be used in research mode to allow process engineers to gather additional information about plasma processes. The plasma monitor can perform real-time control of support systems known to influence plasma behavior. The monitor can also signal personnel to modify plasma parameters when the system is operating outside of desired specifications and requires human assistance. A notification protocol can be selected for conditions detected in the plasma process. The Plasma Process Monitor/Control System consists of a computer running software developed by Sandia National Laboratories, a commercially available spectrophotometer equipped with a charge-coupled device camera, an input/output device, and a fiber optic cable.

  15. Bavarian air monitoring system (LUEB)

    The LUEB has been set up for the purpose of monitoring atmopsheric pollutants and their cumulative effect on ecological subsystems. The stationary measuring points record the long-term effects of air pollution by means of biological indicators and supply short-term information on air quality and on the local meteorological conditions. In addition, there are vehicles for air pollution measurement which cover different measuring points as specified in the TA Luft (Technical Rule for Air Pollution Abatement). The measured data are evaluated by statistical methods. (orig.)

  16. Single-point energy usage monitoring system

    Full text: Electrical energy price has been increasing over the years. Due to this reason, home users are getting more concern about the efficiency of the electrical appliances that they are using. The solution to this problem is to create an energy usage monitoring system that can monitor the energy used by electrical appliances. The objective of this research is to design and build a computer based energy monitoring system for a single electrical point. The system will be consisting of a computer, a data acquisition (DAQ) module, a voltage sensor and a current sensor. The software that will be used to design and build the computer interfacing software (virtual instrument software) is the LabVIEW graphical programming software by National Instrument Inc. The system is able to measure the source frequency, source voltage, current drown by the monitored device, real power, apparent power, power factor, phase shift between the voltage graph and the current graph (in both radiance and degree), kilo-Watt-hour reading, monitored device operation time (elapsed time) and cost of operation of the monitored device. The measured data will be presented in both graphical and numerical form. The system also has error detection capability (over voltage, voltage too low and over current detection) which will cut off the power supply when error is detected. The database of the system is able to store both measurement data and error report. This system is also remotely accessible by using the Windows Remote Desktop Connection software. (author)

  17. An Indoor Positioning Realisation for GSM using Fingerprinting and kNN

    A. Anastasijević

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Positioning in public land mobile networks has become increasingly popular over the past years with the development of more sophisticated mobile equipment and standards. New services which rely on location information have been developed, such as emergency call localization, navigation, location sensitive commercials/ billing, etc. This paper investigates one practical realisation of an indoor positioning model for GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications networks, based on the received signal strength (RSS and fingerprinting method. The achieved results are well within international localization accuracy requirements for emergency services, confirming great potential of the approach.

  18. The Authenticated Tracking and Monitoring System (ATMS)

    The Authenticated Tracking and Monitoring System (ATMS) has been designed to address the need for global monitoring of the status and location of proliferation-sensitive items. Conceived to utilize the proposed Global Verification and Location System (GVLS) satellite link, ATMS could use the existing International Maritime Satellite commercial communication system until GVLS is operational. The ATMS concept uses sensor packs to monitor items and environmental conditions, collects a variety of event data through a sensor processing unit, and transmits the data to a satellite, which then sends data to ground stations. Authentication and encryption algorithms will be used to secure the data. A typical ATMS application would be to track and monitor the safety and security of a number of items in transit along a scheduled shipping route. This paper also discusses a proof-of-concept system demonstration

  19. The Data Management System of Tunnel Monitoring

    Hongliang Deng

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the author has developed a data management system of tunnel monitoring by using ACCESS database and made a new exploration in the field of tunnel monitoring data management. This study introduces the principles, the methods and the functions of this system. The system sets data input, data management, data applications and other functions all in one. It has made a good connection between the visual interface of front desk and the ACCESS database for monitoring information storage. What's more, it has realized functions of data entering, storage, querying, generating tense curve and space state diagrams, regression analysis and reports generating. The successful application in the engineering practice proves the validity and reliability of this system and it also provides a new way for tunnel monitoring data analysis.

  20. Aerosol generator output monitor and control system

    A scattered-light photometer system has been constructed and tested that monitors output of a nebulizer-type aerosol generator and controls nebulizing air pressure to maintain a constant generator output

  1. Condition monitored diagnosis by the CMS (condition monitoring system)

    The CBM (Condition Based Maintenance) is very effective to make improvement utilization rate on an electric power facility. In case of the CBM, it is often the case such as a vibration diagnosis for rotating components based on direct measurements. The CMS (Condition Monitoring System), which is an effective tool for a plant performance analysis and assesses components and plant performances based on heat and mass balance calculations, has beneficial effect to proceed more effectively the CBM. (author)

  2. A TLD system for environmental monitoring

    Prokic, M. [Institut za Nuklearne Nauke Boris Kidric, Belgrade (Yugoslavia)

    1996-12-31

    A multi-element dosemeter system for environmental monitoring has been designed. It consists of three solid sintered CaSO{sub 4}:Dy (or CaSO{sub 4}:Tm) properly filtered, and of one low Z, MgB{sub 4}O{sub 7}:Dy,Na TL detectors. This TL dosemeter system is shown to meet all specified criteria and provides the accurate dosimetry required for environmental monitoring. The results of the field dose measurements are presented. (Author).

  3. ZPR-9 airborne plutonium monitoring system

    An airborne plutonium monitoring system which is installed in the ZPR-9 (Zero Power Reactor No. 9) facility at Argonne National Laboratory is described. The design and operational experience are discussed. This monitoring system utilizes particle size and density discrimination, alpha particle energy discrimination, and a background-subtraction techique operating in cascade to separate airborne-plutonium activity from other, naturally occurring, airborne activity. Relatively high sensitivity and reliability are achieved

  4. UAV-Based Sensor Web Monitoring System

    Masahiko Nagai; Apichon Witayangkurn; Kiyoshi Honda; Ryosuke Shibasaki

    2012-01-01

    An unmanned aerial vehicle- (UAV-) based monitoring system is developed as an intermediate system between aerial survey and ground survey. All the measurement tools are mounted on the UAV to acquire detailed information from low altitudes which is different from a satellite or a plane. The monitoring is carried out from the sky, but the spatial and temporal resolutions are freely selected near the ground. In this study, the data is easily acquired with safety and mobility by the utilization o...

  5. Application of megapixel video monitoring system

    This paper expounds the advantages of Megapixel camera, and the structure of million pixels video monitoring system, puts forward to solve the key technical of resolution and frame rate combined with the actual engineering requirements, realizes the core technology of megapixel video monitoring system, gives the design method of million pixels video, data compression, data transmission, data storage and video server, and puts forward effective solutions in construction of the problems during the implementation. (authors)

  6. Current status of the international monitoring system

    Activities on creation of International Monitoring System within Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization are being characterized: construction of seismic, infra-sound, hydro-acoustic stations and radionuclide laboratories at new sites; progress in data transmission in connection with shift to the Global Communication Infrastructure (GCI); certification of observatory stations and radionuclide laboratories. The status and future ways of access to the international monitoring system data are being estimated. (author)

  7. Class 3 Tracking and Monitoring System Report

    Safely, Eugene; Salamy, S. Phillip

    1999-11-29

    The objective of Class 3 tracking system are to assist DOE in tracking and performance and progress of these projects and to capture the technical and financial information collected during the projects' monitoring phase. The captured information was used by DOE project managers and BDM-Oklahoma staff for project monitoring and evaluation, and technology transfer activities. The proposed tracking system used the Class Evaluation Executive Report (CLEVER), a relation database for storing and disseminating class project data; GeoGraphix, a geological and technical analysis and mapping software system; the Tertiary Oil Recovery Information System (TORIS) database; and MS-Project, a project management software system.

  8. The new drilling control and monitoring system

    Artymiuk Jan

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available The new Drilling control and monitoring system, DrillView, is used on a number of new drilling units in the North Sea and in the Caspian sea. The DrillView system is a modular system that can be used on any size drilling unit, from a single portable top drive to a complete drilling unit with automated pipe handling, cement system, mud system and third party equipment. The Human Man Interface (HMI is based on touch screen technology (ATEX approved where required. The communication network is based on Ethernet and Profibus, giving full remote operation and monitoring functionality.

  9. BABY MONITORING SYSTEM USING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

    G. Rajesh

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS is marked by the sudden death of an infant during sleep that is not predicted by the medical history and remains unexplained even after thorough forensic autopsy and detailed death investigation. In this we developed a system that provides solutions for the above problems by making the crib smart using the wireless sensor networks (WSN and smart phones. The system provides visual monitoring service through live video, alert services by crib fencing and awakens alert, monitoring services by temperature reading and light intensity reading, vaccine reminder and weight monitoring.

  10. Digital power range neutron monitoring system

    Under an advanced control and instrumentation concept for advanced BWR nuclear power plant, a digitalized nuclear instrumentation system has been developed. It is composed of a digitalized start-up range neutron monitor(DSRNM), a digitalized power range neutron monitor(DPRNM) and a digitalized traversing in-core probe(DTIP). DPRNM has an important role to monitor the reactor power higher than 10%. In order to improve the operability, maintenability and safety of the plant, PRNM has employed new signal processing technologies based on the micro-processor technique on the analog signal multiplexing, signal transmission, power calculation, sensitivity calibration, sensor performance measurement and system diagnosis

  11. Monitoring system for industrial gases pollutants

    The system is designed for monitoring gas pollutants in air, in a chemical plant. It consists of gas detectors with transmitter and modules for environmental conditions measurement, data loggers and a central monitoring station which role is to collect data, generate alarms if pollutants concentration becomes over limit and create database. A dedicated software permits data collecting and processing in order to get solutions for minimising human and technological risks. The system role is monitoring the pollution sources and the surrounded areas that might be affected, for keeping gas pollutants concentration at an acceptable level and to minimise the pollution effects. (author)

  12. Monitoring of LWR component cooling water systems

    As part of the Nuclear Plant Aging Research program, the monitoring methods used for component cooling water (CCW) systems in pressurized water reactors (PWRs) were reviewed and evaluated in terms of their effectiveness at detecting various aging mechanisms. A survey of PWRs was performed to determine what practices are currently used. Monitoring methods for three of the major components in the CCW system were correlated with the aging mechanisms they are able to detect, and generic tables of practices were developed. These tables can be used by utilities to strengthen their monitoring program once specific aging concerns have been identified. 1 ref., 2 figs., 5 tabs

  13. Monitoring the CMS data acquisition system

    The CMS data acquisition system comprises O(20000) interdependent services that need to be monitored in near real-time. The ability to monitor a large number of distributed applications accurately and effectively is of paramount importance for robust operations. Application monitoring entails the collection of a large number of simple and composed values made available by the software components and hardware devices. A key aspect is that detection of deviations from a specified behaviour is supported in a timely manner, which is a prerequisite in order to take corrective actions efficiently. Given the size and time constraints of the CMS data acquisition system, efficient application monitoring is an interesting research problem. We propose an approach that uses the emerging paradigm of Web-service based eventing systems in combination with hierarchical data collection and load balancing. Scalability and efficiency are achieved by a decentralized architecture, splitting up data collections into regions of collections. An implementation following this scheme is deployed as the monitoring infrastructure of the CMS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. All services in this distributed data acquisition system are providing standard web service interfaces via XML, SOAP and HTTP. Continuing on this path we adopted WS-* standards implementing a monitoring system layered on top of the W3C standards stack. We designed a load-balanced publisher/subscriber system with the ability to include high-speed protocols for efficient data transmission and serving data in multiple data formats.

  14. Monitoring the CMS data acquisition system

    Bauer, G.; Behrens, U.; Biery, K.; Branson, J.; Cano, E.; Cheung, H.; Ciganek, M.; Cittolin, S.; Coarasa, J. A.; Deldicque, C.; Dusinberre, E.; Erhan, S.; Fortes Rodrigues, F.; Gigi, D.; Glege, F.; Gomez-Reino, R.; Gutleber, J.; Hatton, D.; Laurens, J. F.; Lopez Perez, J. A.; Meijers, F.; Meschi, E.; Meyer, A.; Mommsen, R.; Moser, R.; O'Dell, V.; Oh, A.; Orsini, L. B.; Patras, V.; Paus, C.; Petrucci, A.; Pieri, M.; Racz, A.; Sakulin, H.; Sani, M.; Schieferdecker, P.; Schwick, C.; Shpakov, D.; Simon, S.; Sumorok, K.; Zanetti, M.

    2010-04-01

    The CMS data acquisition system comprises O(20000) interdependent services that need to be monitored in near real-time. The ability to monitor a large number of distributed applications accurately and effectively is of paramount importance for robust operations. Application monitoring entails the collection of a large number of simple and composed values made available by the software components and hardware devices. A key aspect is that detection of deviations from a specified behaviour is supported in a timely manner, which is a prerequisite in order to take corrective actions efficiently. Given the size and time constraints of the CMS data acquisition system, efficient application monitoring is an interesting research problem. We propose an approach that uses the emerging paradigm of Web-service based eventing systems in combination with hierarchical data collection and load balancing. Scalability and efficiency are achieved by a decentralized architecture, splitting up data collections into regions of collections. An implementation following this scheme is deployed as the monitoring infrastructure of the CMS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. All services in this distributed data acquisition system are providing standard web service interfaces via XML, SOAP and HTTP [15,22]. Continuing on this path we adopted WS-* standards implementing a monitoring system layered on top of the W3C standards stack. We designed a load-balanced publisher/subscriber system with the ability to include high-speed protocols [10,12] for efficient data transmission [11,13,14] and serving data in multiple data formats.

  15. Seismic monitoring system replacement at Temelin plant

    The VVER-1000 plants under construction at Temelin (Czech Republic) were designed with an automatic reactor trip system triggered on seismic peak accelerations. Within the plant I and C upgrade, Westinghouse designed a digital Seismic Monitoring System to be integrated in an Artificial Intelligence based Diagnostic and Monitoring System. The system meets the requirements of the emerging standards prepared by the US NRC on the basis of EPRI studies, which recommend a detailed data evaluation and a pre-shutdown plant inspection before orderly shutdown, if required, rather than immediate emergency shutdown. The paper presents the arguments about automatic trip, as discussed in an IAEA meeting attended by expert consultants from Japan, Russia, US and Eastern and Western Europe. It describes the system installed at Temelin, including the plant specific criteria for OBE exceedance. Finally it presents the capabilities and limitations of the integration into an overall Diagnostic and Monitoring System

  16. Data Center Equipment Location and Monitoring System

    A data center equipment location system includes both hardware and software to provide for location, monitoring, security and identification of servers and other equipment in equipment racks. The system provides a wired alternative to the wireless RFID tag system by using electronic ID tags...

  17. Data Center Equipment Location and Monitoring System

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: Data center equipment location systems include hardware and software to provide information on the location, monitoring, and security of servers and other equipment in equipment racks. The systems provide a wired alternative to the wireless RFID tag system by using electronic ID tags...

  18. Inservice monitoring of safety system reliability

    This paper describes the program used in Ontario Hydro Nuclear Generation Division, to monitor operational reliability of safety systems. Discussed are the basis for system performance targets, the reliability indices used and their application to the observed performance of selected systems at Bruce Nuclear Generating Station Unit 1. Also given are specific conclusions drawn from the use of this methodology

  19. Monitoring systems for community water supplies

    Taylor, R. E.; Brooks, R. R.; Jeffers, E. L.; Linton, A. T.; Poel, G. D.

    1978-01-01

    Water monitoring system includes equipment and techniques for waste water sampling sensors for determining levels of microorganisms, oxygen, chlorine, and many other important parameters. System includes data acquisition and display system that allows computation of water quality information for real time display.

  20. Monitoring the CMS Data Acquisition System

    Bauer, Gerry; Biery, K; Branson, J; Cano, E; Cheung, H; Ciganek, M; Cittolin, S; Coarasa, J A; Deldicque, C; Dusinberre, E; Erhan, S; Fortes Rodrigues, F; Gigi, D; Glege, F; Gomez-Reino, R; Gutleber, J; Hatton, D; Laurens, J F; Lopez Perez, J A; Meijers, F; Meschi, E; Meyer, A; Mommsen, R; Moser, R; O'Dell, V; Oh, A; Orsini, L B; Patras, V; Paus, C; Petrucci, A; Pieri, M; Racz, A; Sakulin, H; Sani, M; Schieferdecker, P; Schwick, C; Shpakov, D; Simon, S; Sumorok, K; Zanetti, M.

    2010-01-01

    The CMS data acquisition system comprises O(20000) interdependent services that need to be monitored in near real-time. The ability to monitor a large number of distributed applications accurately and effectively is of paramount importance for robust operations. Application monitoring entails the collection of a large number of simple and composed values made available by the software components and hardware devices. A key aspect is that detection of deviations from a specified behaviour is supported in a timely manner, which is a prerequisite in order to take corrective actions efficiently. Given the size and time constraints of the CMS data acquisition system, efficient application monitoring is an interesting research problem. We propose an approach that uses the emerging paradigm of Web-service based eventing systems in combination with hierarchical data collection and load balancing. Scalability and efficiency are achieved by a decentralized architecture, splitting up data collections into regions of col...

  1. Electromagnetic interference of GSM mobile phones with the implantable deep brain stimulator, ITREL-III

    Alesch François

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose was to investigate mobile phone interference with implantable deep brain stimulators by means of 10 different 900 Mega Hertz (MHz and 10 different 1800 MHz GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications mobile phones. Methods All tests were performed in vitro using a phantom especially developed for testing with deep brain stimulators. The phantom was filled with liquid phantom materials simulating brain and muscle tissue. All examinations were carried out inside an anechoic chamber on two implants of the same type of deep brain stimulator: ITREL-III from Medtronic Inc., USA. Results Despite a maximum transmitted peak power of mobile phones of 1 Watt (W at 1800 MHz and 2 W at 900 MHz respectively, no influence on the ITREL-III was found. Neither the shape of the pulse form changed nor did single pulses fail. Tests with increased transmitted power using CW signals and broadband dipoles have shown that inhibition of the ITREL-III occurs at frequency dependent power levels which are below the emissions of GSM mobile phones. The ITREL-III is essentially more sensitive at 1800 MHz than at 900 MHz. Particularly the frequency range around 1500 MHz shows a very low interference threshold. Conclusion These investigations do not indicate a direct risk for ITREL-III patients using the tested GSM phones. Based on the interference levels found with CW signals, which are below the mobile phone emissions, we recommend similar precautions as for patients with cardiac pacemakers: 1. The phone should be used at the ear at the opposite side of the implant and 2. The patient should avoid carrying the phone close to the implant.

  2. Remote monitoring system workshop and technical cooperation

    RMS workshop at the year focus on installing the material monioring system at technology lab. within TCNC. This system was developed by cooperative monitoring center(CMC) belonging to Sandia national lab. MMS consisted of data storage computer, data collection computer and easily connet to DCM-14 camera using monitoring the NPP by IAEA. The system run when the motion is catching and stroes the event data to MMS server. Also, the system communicate with the internet and then they access to check the event data only if the authencated person

  3. Remote monitoring system workshop and technical cooperation

    Kim, Jung Soo; Kwack, E. H.; Yoon, W. K.; Kim, J. S.; Cha, H. Y.; Na, W.W

    2000-06-01

    RMS workshop at the year focus on installing the material monioring system at technology lab. within TCNC. This system was developed by cooperative monitoring center(CMC) belonging to Sandia national lab. MMS consisted of data storage computer, data collection computer and easily connet to DCM-14 camera using monitoring the NPP by IAEA. The system run when the motion is catching and stroes the event data to MMS server. Also, the system communicate with the internet and then they access to check the event data only if the authencated person.

  4. Reliability of operating WWER monitoring systems

    The elaboration of WWER monitoring systems reliability measures is described in this paper. The evaluation is based on the statistical data about failures what have collected at the Ukrainian operating nuclear power plants (NPP). The main attention is devoted to radiation safety monitoring system and unit information computer system, what collects information from different sensors and system of the unit. Reliability measures were used for decision the problems, connected with life extension of the instruments, and for other purposes. (author). 6 refs, 6 figs

  5. Monitoring system for OpenPBS environment

    The OpenPBS batch system is widely used in the HEP community. The Open PBS package has a set of tools to check the current status of the system. This information is useful, but it is not sufficient enough for resource accounting and planning. As a solution for this problem, we developed a monitoring system which parses the logfiles from OpenPBS and stores the information into a SQL database (PostgreSQL). This allows us to analyze the data in many different ways using SQL queries. The system was used in ITEP during the last two years for batch farm monitoring

  6. Corrosion Rate Monitoring in District Heating Systems

    Hilbert, Lisbeth Rischel; Nielsen, Lars Vendelbo; Andersen, A.

    2005-01-01

    Quality control in district heating systems to keep uniform corrosion rates low and localized corrosion minimal is based on water quality control. Side-stream units equipped with carbon steel probes for online monitoring were mounted in district heating plants to investigate which techniques would...... be applicable, and if on-line monitoring could improve the quality control. Water quality monitoring was applied as well as corrosion rate monitoring with linear polarization resistance (LPR), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), electrical resistance (ER) technique, mass loss and a crevice...... corrosion cell for localized corrosion risk estimation. Important variations in corrosion rate due to changes in make-up water quality were detected with the continuous monitoring provided by ER and crevice cell, while LPR gave unreliable corrosion rates. The acquisition time of two-three days for EIS...

  7. Intelligent Monitoring System Based on Embedded Web

    LI Ming

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Arms with the information isolated island problem resulted from traditional data process that is difficult to integratevarious heterogeneous structures and applications, the paper proposes an intelligent monitoring system based on embedded Web. The paper takes the forecourt devices monitoring system of gas stations in oil products retail network for example to discuss the implement of intelligent monitoring system hased on embedded Web. The paper takes the forecourt devices monitoring system of gas stations in oil products retail network for example to discuss the implement of intelligent monitoring system based on embedded Web. The system adopts high performance Intel Xscale IXP-422 266 MHz RISC CPU as forecourt controller (FCC, and designs protocol transformation modules that can interpret the transformation between dispeonrser protocols and IFSF and realize the mutual operation between devices with IFSF and non-IFSF ones, so that these devices can carry on through communication each other. By basic test result has shown that the design is feasible. Convenient in realizing supervisor of system.

  8. Remote water-monitoring system

    Grana, D. C.; Haynes, D. P.

    1977-01-01

    General-purpose, water-quality sampling process detects microorganisms and integrates sampling, sample preservation, and sample analysis. System overcomes difficulties in correlation of surface measurements with remote measurements and minimizes human error in handling of samples and instrumentation.

  9. Nanosensor system for monitoring brain activity and drowsiness

    Ramasamy, Mouli; Varadan, Vijay K.; Harbaugh, Robert

    2015-04-01

    Detection of drowsiness in drivers to avoid on-road collisions and accidents is one of the most important applications that can be implemented to avert loss of life and property caused by accidents. A statistical report indicates that drowsy driving is equally harmful as driving under influence of alcohol. This report also indicates that drowsy driving is the third most influencing factor for accidents and 30% of the commercial vehicle accidents are caused because of drowsy driving. With a motivation to avoid accidents caused by drowsy driving, this paper proposes a technique of correlating EEG and EOG signals to detect drowsiness. Feature extracts of EEG and blink variability from EOG is correlated to detect the sleepiness/drowsiness of a driver. Moreover, to implement a more pragmatic approach towards continuous monitoring, a wireless real time monitoring approach has been incorporated using textile based nanosensors. Thereby, acquired bio potential signals are transmitted through GSM communication module to the receiver continuously. In addition to this, all the incorporated electronics are equipped in a flexible headband which can be worn by the driver. With this flexible headband approach, any intrusiveness that may be experienced by other cumbersome hardware is effectively mitigated. With the continuous transmission of data from the head band, the signals are processed on the receiver side to determine the condition of the driver. Early warning of driver's drowsiness will be displayed in the dashboard of the vehicle as well as alertness voice and sound alarm will be sent via the vehicle radio.

  10. Autonomous Performance Monitoring System: Monitoring and Self-Tuning (MAST)

    Peterson, Chariya; Ziyad, Nigel A.

    2000-01-01

    Maintaining the long-term performance of software onboard a spacecraft can be a major factor in the cost of operations. In particular, the task of controlling and maintaining a future mission of distributed spacecraft will undoubtedly pose a great challenge, since the complexity of multiple spacecraft flying in formation grows rapidly as the number of spacecraft in the formation increases. Eventually, new approaches will be required in developing viable control systems that can handle the complexity of the data and that are flexible, reliable and efficient. In this paper we propose a methodology that aims to maintain the accuracy of flight software, while reducing the computational complexity of software tuning tasks. The proposed Monitoring and Self-Tuning (MAST) method consists of two parts: a flight software monitoring algorithm and a tuning algorithm. The dependency on the software being monitored is mostly contained in the monitoring process, while the tuning process is a generic algorithm independent of the detailed knowledge on the software. This architecture will enable MAST to be applicable to different onboard software controlling various dynamics of the spacecraft, such as attitude self-calibration, and formation control. An advantage of MAST over conventional techniques such as filter or batch least square is that the tuning algorithm uses machine learning approach to handle uncertainty in the problem domain, resulting in reducing over all computational complexity. The underlying concept of this technique is a reinforcement learning scheme based on cumulative probability generated by the historical performance of the system. The success of MAST will depend heavily on the reinforcement scheme used in the tuning algorithm, which guarantees the tuning solutions exist.

  11. Configuration of risk monitor system by plant defense-in-depth risk monitor and reliability monitor

    A new method of risk monitor system of a nuclear power plant has been proposed from the aspect by what degree of safety functions incorporated in the plant system is maintained by multiple barriers of defense-in-depth (DiD). Wherein, the central idea is plant DiD risk monitor and reliability monitor derived from the five aspects of (1) design principle of nuclear safety based on DiD concept, (2) definition of risk and risk to be monitored, (3) severe accident phenomena as major risk, (4) scheme of risk ranking, and (5) dynamic risk display. In this paper, the overall frame of the proposed risk monitor system is summarized and the detailed discussion is made on major items such as definition of risk and risk ranking, anatomy of fault occurrence, two-layer configuration of risk monitor, how to configure individual elements of plant DiD risk monitor, and lastly how to apply for a PWR safety system. (author)

  12. Computerized plutonium laboratory-stack monitoring system

    The Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory has recently designed and constructed a Plutonium Research and Development Facility to meet design criteria imposed by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration. A primary objective of the design criteria is to assure environmental protection and to reliably monitor plutonium effluent via the ventilation exhaust systems. A state-of-the-art facility exhaust air monitoring system is described which establishes near ideal conditions for evaluating plutonium activity in the stack effluent. Total and static pressure sensing manifolds are incorporated to measure average velocity and integrated total discharge air volume. These data are logged at a computer which receives instrument data through a multiplex scanning system. A multipoint isokinetic sampling assembly with associated instrumentation is described. Continuous air monitors have been designed to sample from the isokinetic sampling assembly and transmit both instantaneous and integrated stack effluent concentration data to the computer and various cathode ray tube displays. The continuous air monitors also serve as room air monitors in the plutonium facility with the primary objective of timely evacuation of personnel if an above tolerance airborne plutonium concentration is detected. Several continuous air monitors are incorporated in the ventilation system to assist in identification of release problem areas

  13. Tritium monitor and collection system

    Baker, J.D.; Wickham, K.L.; Ely, W.E.; Tuggle, D.G.; Meikrantz, D.H.; Grafwaller, E.G.; Maltrud, H.R.; Bourne, G.L.

    1991-03-26

    This system measures tritium on-line and collects tritium from a flowing inert gas stream. It separates the tritium from other non-hydrogen isotope contaminating gases, whether radioactive or not. The collecting portion of the system is constructed of various zirconium alloys called getters. These alloys adsorb tritium in any of its forms at one temperature and at a higher temperature release it as a gas. The system consists of four on-line getters and heaters, two ion chamber detectors, two collection getters, and two guard getters. When the incoming gas stream is valved through the on-line getters, 99.9% of it is adsorbed and the remainder continues to the guard getter where traces of tritium not collected earlier are adsorbed. The inert gas stream then exits the system to the decay chamber. Once the on-line getter has collected tritium for a predetermined time, it is valved off and the next online getter is valved on. Simultaneously, the first getter is heated and a pure helium purge is employed to carry the tritium from the getter. The tritium loaded gas stream is then routed through an ion chamber which measures the tritium activity. The ion chamber effluent passes through a collection getter that readsorbs the tritium and is removable from the system once it is loaded and is then replaced with a clean getter. Prior to removal of the collection getter, the system switches to a parallel collection getter. The effluent from the collection getter passes through a guard getter to remove traces of tritium prior to exiting the system. The tritium loaded collection getter, once removed, is analyzed by liquid scintillation techniques. The entire sequence is under computer control except for the removal and analysis of the collection getter.

  14. Tritium monitor and collection system

    Bourne, Gary L.; Meikrantz, David H.; Ely, Walter E.; Tuggle, Dale G.; Grafwallner, Ervin G.; Wickham, Keith L.; Maltrud, Herman R.; Baker, John D.

    1992-01-01

    This system measures tritium on-line and collects tritium from a flowing inert gas stream. It separates the tritium from other non-hydrogen isotope contaminating gases, whether radioactive or not. The collecting portion of the system is constructed of various zirconium alloys called getters. These alloys adsorb tritium in any of its forms at one temperature and at a higher temperature release it as a gas. The system consists of four on-line getters and heaters, two ion chamber detectors, two collection getters, and two guard getters. When the incoming gas stream is valved through the on-line getters, 99.9% of it is adsorbed and the remainder continues to the guard getter where traces of tritium not collected earlier are adsorbed. The inert gas stream then exits the system to the decay chamber. Once the on-line getter has collected tritium for a predetermined time, it is valved off and the next on-line getter is valved on. Simultaneously, the first getter is heated and a pure helium purge is employed to carry the tritium from the getter. The tritium loaded gas stream is then routed through an ion chamber which measures the tritium activity. The ion chamber effluent passes through a collection getter that readsorbs the tritium and is removable from the system once it is loaded and is then replaced with a clean getter. Prior to removal of the collection getter, the system switches to a parallel collection getter. The effluent from the collection getter passes through a guard getter to remove traces of tritium prior to exiting the system. The tritium loaded collection getter, once removed, is analyzed by liquid scintillation techniques. The entire sequence is under computer control except for the removal and analysis of the collection getter.

  15. Monitoring system of ECCS injection system upon periodical inspection

    An ECCS reactor injection system is automatically monitored upon periodical inspection. That is, a memory device stores information of the stand-by state of the ECCS reactor injection system upon periodical inspection. A data input means inputs monitoring item data in the present state. A required monitoring target is designated by the input means. A judging means compares the data of the monitoring target with the stand-by state information successively, to judge whether or not the monitoring target is in a predetermined stand-by state. A display means displays the result of the judgment. In the present system thus constituted, since it can be automatically judged whether or not the ECCS reactor injection system, as a monitoring target, is in the predetermined stand-by state, it is possible to reduce the operator's burden and improve the safety. (I.S.)

  16. Acoustic emission monitoring of composite containment systems

    This paper considers two different types of composite containment system, and two different types of acoustic emission (AE) monitoring approach. The first system is a composite reinforced pressure vessel (CRPV) which is monitored both during construction and in-service using a broadband modal acoustic emission (MAE) technique. The second system is a membrane cargo containment system which is monitored using both a global as well as a local AE technique. For the CRPV, the damage assessment is concerned mainly with the integrity of the composite outer layer at the construction stage, and possible fatigue cracking of the inner steel liner at the in-service stage. For the membrane tank, the damage assessment is concerned with locating and quantifying any abnormal porosities that might develop in-service. By comparing and contrasting the different types of structural system and different monitoring approaches inferences are drawn as to what role AE monitoring could take in the damage assessment of other types of composite containment system. (Detailed technical data have not been included, due to client confidentiality constraints.)

  17. Monitoring support system for nuclear power plant

    The nuclear power plants in Japan reach to 49 plants and supply 41.19 million kW in their installed capacities, which is equal to about 31% of total electric power generation and has occupied an important situation as a stable energy supplying source. As an aim to keeping safe operation and working rate of the power plants, various monitoring support systems using computer technology, optical information technology and robot technology each advanced rapidly in recent year have been developed to apply to the actual plants for a plant state monitoring system of operators in normal operation. Furthermore, introduction of the emergent support system supposed on accidental formation of abnormal state of the power plants is also investigated. In this paper, as a monitoring system in the recent nuclear power plants, design of control panel of recent central control room, introduction to its actual plant and monitoring support system in development were described in viewpoints of improvement of human interface, upgrade of sensor and signal processing techniques, and promotion of information service technique. And, trend of research and development of portable miniature detector and emergent monitoring support system are also introduced in a viewpoint of labor saving and upgrade of the operating field. (G.K.)

  18. Diabetes Monitoring System Using Mobile Computing Technologies

    Mashael Saud Bin-Sabbar

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes is a chronic disease that needs to regularly be monitored to keep the blood sugar levels within normal ranges. This monitoring depends on the diabetic treatment plan that is periodically reviewed by the endocrinologist. The frequent visit to the main hospital seems to be tiring and time consuming for both endocrinologist and diabetes patients. The patient may have to travel to the main city, paying a ticket and reserving a place to stay. Those expenses can be reduced by remotely monitoring the diabetes patients with the help of mobile devices. In this paper, we introduce our implementation of an integrated monitoring tool for the diabetes patients. The designed system provides a daily monitoring and monthly services. The daily monitoring includes recording the result of daily analysis and activates to be transmitted from a patients mobile device to a central database. The monthly services require the patient to visit a nearby care center in the patient home town to do the medical examination and checkups. The result of this visit entered into the system and then synchronized with the central database. Finally, the endocrinologist can remotely monitor the patient record and adjust the treatment plan and the insulin doses if need.

  19. Radiation monitoring system in medical facilities

    (1) RI selective liquid effluent monitor is, in many cases, used at medical facilities to obtain data for density of radioactivity of six radionuclides. In comparison with the conventional gross measuring systems, over-evaluation is less, and the monitor is more practical. (2) Preventive monitor for loss of radium needle is a system which prevents missing of radium needle at a flush-toilet in radium treatment wards, and this monitor is capable of sensing a drop-off of radium needle of 0.5 mCi (minimum). (3) Short-lived positron gas measuring device belongs to a BABY CYCLOTRON installed in a hospital, and this device is used to measure density of radioactivity, radioactive impurity and chemical impurity of produced radioactive gas. (author)

  20. Underground ventilation remote monitoring and control system

    This paper presents the design and installation of an underground ventilation remote monitoring and control system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. This facility is designed to demonstrate safe underground disposal of U.S. defense generated transuranic nuclear waste. To improve the operability of the ventilation system, an underground remote monitoring and control system was designed and installed. The system consists of 15 air velocity sensors and 8 differential pressure sensors strategically located throughout the underground facility providing real-time data regarding the status of the ventilation system. In addition, a control system was installed on the main underground air regulators. The regulator control system gives indication of the regulator position and can be controlled either locally or remotely. The sensor output is displayed locally and at a central surface location through the site-wide Central Monitoring System (CMS). The CMS operator can review all sensor data and can remotely operate the main underground regulators. Furthermore, the Virtual Address Extension (VAX) network allows the ventilation engineer to retrieve real-time ventilation data on his personal computer located in his workstation. This paper describes the types of sensors selected, the installation of the instrumentation, and the initial operation of the remote monitoring system

  1. Estimation Of Mobile Positioning For Lbs Using Gps-Gsm Technology

    P.SRAVANTHI

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Location estimation using the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM is an emerging application that infers the location of the mobile receiver from multiple signals measurements. The approach is based on the use of an inherent feature of the GSM cellular system and on the use of this information to estimate the phone’s location. Mobile positioning is the key aspect in providing the location based services. To offer reliable Location Based Services (LBS of 3G communication, accurate position estimate of Mobile Station (MS is essential. In the present technology, there is various position techniques are based on estimation of either time, angle and are economic. This work presents a new simple approach, to find MS position using Received Signal Strength (RSS measurements and is based on pdf of RSS probability method which in turns results with improved accuracy and reduction in minimum mean square error (MMSE. It turns out to be significantly beneficial, enhancing estimation accuracy and thereby enabling high-performance mobile positioning in a practical and cost effective manner. Experimental observed results are verified with Global Positioning System (GPS receiver measurements and found reasonably matching.

  2. Valve-"Health"-Monitoring System

    Jensen, Scott L.; Drouant, George J.

    2009-01-01

    A system that includes sensors and data acquisition, wireless data-communication, and data-processing subsystems has been developed as a means of both real-time and historical tracking of information indicative of deterioration in the mechanical integrity and performance of a highgeared ball valve or a linearly actuated valve that operates at a temperature between cryogenic and ambient.

  3. Compact display system for doorway monitor

    Doorway monitor system has been designed to monitor the presence of radioactive materials with persons who are coming out of Nuclear Power Plants, Radiation Labs etc. It consists of a specifically designed doorway with a number of detectors, the data of which is collected periodically by a Micro controller based Data acquisition Unit (MDU). MDU will be responsible for sending the Count Rate information periodically to the simputer unit for the purpose of display through a serial link

  4. EMBEDDED BASED WIRELESS ICU MONITORING SYSTEM

    Priya M; Mathubala. R. S; Anitha.M; Vanitha .M

    2013-01-01

    Present industry is increasingly shifting towards automation. In order to aid the tedious work and to serve the mankind, today there is a general tendency to develop an intelligent operation. The proposed system “Embedded Based Wireless ICU Monitoring System” is designed and developed to accomplish the various tasks in an adverse environment of an industry. The intelligent machine is loaded with several units such as pressure sensor, temperature sensor, ECG monitoring, LCD, microcontroller, a...

  5. Quaternion Based Omnidirectional Machine Condition Monitoring System

    Wai-Kit Wong; Chu-Kiong Loo; Way-Soong Lim

    2011-01-01

    Thermal monitoring is useful for revealing some serious electrical problems in a factory that oftengo undetected until a serious breakdown occurs. In factories, there are various types offunctioning machines to be monitored. When there is any malfunctioning of a machine, extra heatwill be generated which can be picked up by thermal camera for image processing andidentification purpose. In this paper, a new and effective omnidirectional machine conditionmonitoring system applying log-polar map...

  6. MINT centralized radiation monitoring system via ethernet

    Computer networking technologies allow user to receive data and other information easier and faster. This paper describes the development of centralized radiation monitoring system for monitoring of area radiation levels in various locations in MINT complex via Ethernet. The system utilizes a Local Area Network (LAN) known as MINT-NET as a communication media for data acquisition of the area radiation levels from radiation detectors. The development of the system involves system configuration, wiring and hardware installation, interface and software development. Apart from that data distribution package in a web form is also developed. Besides monitoring the area radiation levels in MINT centrally, additional features are developed for effective radiation level trend observation and studies. (Author)

  7. Demonstration of expert systems in automated monitoring

    The Reactor Systems Section of Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Instrumentation and Controls Division has been developing expertise in the application of artificial intelligence (AI) tools and techniques to control complex systems. One of the applications developed demonstrates the capabilities of a rule-based expert system to monitor a nuclear reactor. Based on the experience acquired with the demonstration described in this paper, a 2-yr program was initiated during fiscal year 1985 for the development and implementation of an intelligent monitoring adviser to the operators of the HFIR facility. The intelligent monitoring system will act as an alert and cooperative expert to relieve the operators of routine tasks, request their attention when abnormalities are detected, and provide them with interactive diagnostic aid and project action/effects information as needed or on demand

  8. Integrated environmental monitoring and information system

    The concept of the environmental monitoring within the territory of the Slovak Republic and the concept of the integrated environmental information system of the Slovak Republic were accepted and confirmed by the Government Order No. 449/1992. The state monitoring system covering the whole territory of Slovakia is the most important and consists of 13 Partial Monitoring Systems (PMSs). List of PMSs is included. The listed PMSs are managed according to the concept of the Sectoral Information System (SIS) of the Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic (MESR) which was established by the National Council Act No. 261/1995 Coll. on the SIS. The SIS consists of 18 subsystems which are listed. The overviews of budget of PMSs as well as of environmental publications and periodicals of the MESR are included

  9. Modeling GSM Based Network Communication in Vehicular Network

    M. Milton Joe; Ramakrishnan, B.; R.S Shaji

    2014-01-01

    Obviously fair communication establishment in every technology increases the efficiency. As we know well, vehicles are used in day to day life of every human being to move from one location to another location. If network communication is formed between vehicles, mobile phones and home based telephones, it will increase the safety of the passengers by communicating with one another. In this paper, we propose GSM based network communication in vehicles, which will develop reliable network comm...

  10. The security of the GSM air interface protocol

    MITCHELL, CHRIS J.

    2002-01-01

    This paper describes the level of security offered by the GSM air interface protocol. All known attacks against this protocol are described, and their feasibility is assessed. Consideration of the level of security offered by particular algorithms which may be used to help implement the protocol are outside the scope of this paper. The main objectives of the paper are to provide a benchmark against which the security features of future mobile telecommunications networks...

  11. Automated Performance Optimization of GSM/EDGE Network Parameters

    Gustavsson, Jonas

    2009-01-01

    The GSM network technology has been developed and improved during several years which have led to an increased complexity. The complexity results in more network parameters and together with different scenarios and situations they form a complex set of configurations. The definition of the network parameters is generally a manual process using static values during test execution. This practice can be costly, difficult and laborious and as the network complexity continues to increase, this pro...

  12. The AGS Booster Beam Position Monitor system

    To accelerate both protons and heavy ions, the AGS Booster requires a broadband (multi-octave) beam position monitoring system with a dynamic range spanning several orders of magnitude (2 x 1010 to 1.5 x 1013 particles per pulse). System requirements include the ability to acquire single turn trajectory and average orbit information with ± 0.1 mm resolution. The design goal of ± 0.5 mm corrected accuracy requires that the detectors have repeatable linear performance after periodic bakeout at 300 degree C. The system design and capabilities of the Booster Beam Position Monitor will be described, and initial results presented. 7 refs., 5 figs

  13. Development of the simulation monitoring system

    Large-scale simulation technique is studied at the Center for Promotion of Computational Science and Engineering for the computational science research in nuclear fields. Visualization and animation processing techniques are developed for efficient understanding of simulation results. The development of the simulation monitoring system, which is used for real-time visualization of ongoing simulations or for successive visualization of calculated results, is described in this report. The standard visualization tool AVS5 or AVS/EXPRESS is used for the simulation monitoring system, and thus, this system can be utilized in various computer environments. (author)

  14. Embedded data acquisition system for neutron monitors

    This article presents the design and implementation of a new data acquisition system to be used as replacement for the old ones that have been in use with neutron monitors for the last decades and, which are eventually becoming obsolete. This new system is also intended to be used in new installations, enabling these scientific instruments to use today's communication networks to send data and receive commands from the operators. This system is currently running in two stations: KIEL2, in the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany, and CALMA, in the Castilla-La Mancha Neutron Monitor, Guadalajara, Spain

  15. Wireless Embedded System for Power Line Monitoring

    P.A. Abraham

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The present day power systems combine various modes of generation, transmission and conversion. There is no unique system of monitoring the power frequency, faulted switching condition or the conversion switching phenomena. Major issue is the continuous isolation required for the measuring equipments. This paper describes a simple method to implement a wireless embedded system to continuously monitor the RMS current through the power line. A low data rate ZigBee (IEEE 802.15.4 based wireless transceiver is used for the wireless communication.

  16. Reliability of communication in water monitoring system

    Dziadak, Bogdan; Makowski, Łukasz; Michalski, Andrzej

    2011-01-01

    Stable communication channel between measurement device and other parts of system has significant impact on reliability of the system designed for environmental protection. In this paper is presented a research and result of test in situ of communication interface and protocols implemented in environmental monitoring system dedicated for monitoring quality of fresh water. Stabilny kanał komunikacji między urządzeniem pomiarowym a pozostałymi częściami systemu ma istotny wpływ na wiarygodność ...

  17. Optimising corrosion monitoring in district heating systems

    Hilbert, Lisbeth Rischel; Thorarinsdottir, R.I.; Andersen, A.; Nielsen, Lars Vendelbo

    2002-01-01

    A three-year project - financially supported by the Nordic Industrial Fund - on monitoring of corrosion in district heating systems has been initiated with participation of researchers and industrial partners in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. The primary objective of the project is...... to improve the quality control in district heating systems by corrosion monitoring. In Danish systems electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), linear polarisation resistance (LPR), high-sensitive electrical resistance (ER) technology, crevice corrosion probes, as well as weight loss coupons will...

  18. Modernization of WWER-1000 radiation monitoring systems

    A modernization scheme of the radiation monitoring system for WWER-1000 is proposed. It has a purpose to comply with international standards and to reduce operational and maintenance cost by deleting obsolete components and reducing the number of detector channels. Detailed layouts of I/C system architecture, digital radiation monitoring system (DRAMS) architecture and LRP block diagram are presented. If planned and implemented properly, this program can provide cost savings by reducing time required to access and display data and maintenance cost by deleting obsolete parts and decreasing the number of detector channels. 3 figs

  19. The solidborne sound monitoring system KAP-80

    Cases of damage due to loosened or loose parts in the primary circuit have repeatedly arisen both in operation and during commissioning of light water reactors. Loosened or loose parts can be detected through monitoring of solid-borne sound for typical impact and knocking sounds. The monitoring system KAP-80, which has been further developed in the Allianz Centre for Technology, offers the plant operator far-reaching decision, capability, not only through the display of signals from the data collection points, but in particular, because emphasis was placed upon computer-assisted evaluation of signals during development of the system. The technology, characteristics and operation of the system are described. (orig.)

  20. Monitoring System for Uninterruptible Power Supply

    S. A.Z. Murad; M. N.M. Isa; N A. Rahman

    2007-01-01

    In industrial process today, reliability of equipment is very important. Power supply must be able to cater the need of industrial process. In case of power failure, backup power supply system must be able to support the main process plant. This is to ensure smooth operation and product quality. In order to do this, uninterruptible power supply (UPS) system can be used to ensure the reliability, stability and consistency of the entire system. This UPS system must be monitored in order to enab...

  1. Synchronous Phasors Monitoring System Application Possibilities

    Kasembe, A. G.; Müller, Z.; Švec, J.; Tlustý, J.; Valouch, Viktor

    Eilat : IEEE, 2012, s. 1-3. ISBN 978-1-4673-4680-1. [2012 IEEE Convention of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in Israel /27./. Eilat (IL), 14.11.2012-17.11.2012] Institutional support: RVO:61388998 Keywords : phasor measurement unit * wide area monitoring system * transmission system Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering

  2. Installation of bridge monitoring systems in Connecticut

    Lauzon, Robert; DeWolf, John T.

    1996-11-01

    The Connecticut Department of Transportation (ConnDOT) has undertaken a major initiative to install permanent remotely- accessible monitoring systems on seven in-service highway bridges. These systems will consist of either a Roadway Weather Information System (RWIS), or Structural Monitoring System (SMS), or both, depending on the structure type and/or location. The RWIS provides weather related information regarding the pavement on and off the structure and ambient weather conditions at the bridge site. Systems like this are commercially available and in use throughout the country assisting transportation agencies in performing winter maintenance operations. The SMS is the product of cooperative research at the University of Connecticut and ConnDOT. The University has specified, installed and operated a prototype vibrational-based monitoring system on tow in-service bridges during separate year-long studies. The planned SMS, modeled after the prototype, includes accommodations for a variety of sensors including strain, tilt, structural temperature and vibration. The ultimate goal of this work is to develop a generic platform for a remote bridge monitoring system which can be adapted to any bridge with any combination of sensors and sensor types. Such a system would benefit both the safety and management of these structures. Current activity along with background information are discussed.

  3. Evaluation of monitoring systems in cardiology

    Taddei, Alessandro

    2006-01-01

    Automated medical instrumentation - made available by the continuous advances in technology and biomedical research - is largely available in clinical practice today. Reliability and effectiveness should always be quantitatively assessed however, given the complexity and variability of physiological systems that need analysed. To evaluate the performances of ECG monitoring systems, the use of reference databases of annotated signals is a standard de-facto.

  4. Shared performance monitor in a multiprocessor system

    Chiu, George; Gara, Alan G.; Salapura, Valentina

    2012-07-24

    A performance monitoring unit (PMU) and method for monitoring performance of events occurring in a multiprocessor system. The multiprocessor system comprises a plurality of processor devices units, each processor device for generating signals representing occurrences of events in the processor device, and, a single shared counter resource for performance monitoring. The performance monitor unit is shared by all processor cores in the multiprocessor system. The PMU comprises: a plurality of performance counters each for counting signals representing occurrences of events from one or more the plurality of processor units in the multiprocessor system; and, a plurality of input devices for receiving the event signals from one or more processor devices of the plurality of processor units, the plurality of input devices programmable to select event signals for receipt by one or more of the plurality of performance counters for counting, wherein the PMU is shared between multiple processing units, or within a group of processors in the multiprocessing system. The PMU is further programmed to monitor event signals issued from non-processor devices.

  5. GSM microwaves and 50 Hz electromagnetic field induce stress response but not apoptosis in human lymphocytes from hypersensitive and healthy persons

    We used specific conditions of exposure to microwaves from a GSM (global system for mobile communication) mobile phone (915 MHz, SAR=0.4 mW/g) and 50 Hz electromagnetic field (EMF, 15 ?T amplitude) to investigate the response of lymphocytes from healthy subjects and from persons reporting hypersensitivity to EMF. The groups of hypersensitive and healthy donors were matched by gender and age and the data were analyzed in blind. The changes in chromatin conformation were measured with the method of anomalous viscosity time dependencies (AVTD). 53BP1 protein, which has been shown to co-localize in foci with DNA double strand breaks (DSB), was analyzed by immunostaining in situ. Exposure either to GSM microwaves or EMF/50 Hz resulted in significant condensation of chromatin, which was similar to the effect of heat shock at 41deg C. These effects varied between donors with a trend for prolonged condensation of chromatin in the cells from hypersensitive subjects. Cells from subjects, which were classified as pronounced hypersensitivity, responded to GSM /ELF stronger than cells from matched control subjects, but these differences in responses need to be confirmed in a larger study group. Neither GSM nor ELF exposure induced formation of 53BP1 foci. In contrary, distinct decrease in background level of 53BP1 signaling was observed upon these exposures as well as after heat shock treatments. This decrease correlated with the AVTD data and may indicate decrease in accessibility of 53BP1 to antibodies because of stress-induced chromatin condensation. No apoptosis was induced by exposure to ELF/50 Hz and GSM microwaves. In conclusion, ELF magnetic fields and GSM microwaves under specified conditions of exposure induced stress response in lymphocytes from healthy and hypersensitive donors

  6. ENERGY EFFICIENT NETWORK SELECTION USING 802.16G BASED GSM TECHNOLOGY

    H. Anandakumar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Handover is the mechanism that transfers information from one terminal to another as a user moves through the coverage area of a cellular system. Here the Network selection is the handover decision process between various network environments. This handover decision will be either mobile or network initiated. In 2G GSM handover decision method especially concentrates on Received frequency signals (RFS. Upcoming technologies (3G/4G the number of available networks increase the selection process should evaluate additional factors such as cost, network services, network terminology, system conditions, user and operators performances and needed energy to work in an exceedingly network. In Future networks (IEEE or 4G standards offer facilities such as network routes, handover routing messages, network and client reports, message exchange with handover triggers and handover negotiation. In this study we have a tendency to discuss the utilization of a cost function to perform associate a network selection exploitation information provided by these standards, such as network coverage or network properties. The efficient function provides flexibility to balance the various factors within the network selection, and our research is focused on rising each seamlessness and energy efficiency of the devices in handovers. We have a tendency to evaluate our approach supported usage scenarios over 2G, 3G and 4G GSM networks. Our results show the optimal networks and handovers were generate appropriate times to increase overall network connectivity as compared to traditional network schemes, at the same time optimizing energy consumption of network devices.

  7. GPS and GSM/GPRS Based Futuristic Automobile Live Detection and Protection Technology

    Mr. Hariprasad S

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available the new method of vehicle tracking and locking system is introduced here. In the proposed methodology design, development and deployment of GPS (Global positioning system and GSM (Global system for mobile communication/GPRS (General Packet Radio Service based vehicle tracking and locking system which provides status of vehicle in real time and security from the robbery and attacks. When the theft identified locking system will be in the active mode and controller issues signal to engine motor to reduce the speed gradually and within some seconds vehicle will be in the off state. In the same time all the doors will be locked. Locking system will be work based on the password authentication method deployed in the system

  8. Performance and limits of KNN-based positioning methods for GSM networks over leaky feeder in underground tunnels

    Pereira, Fernando; Moreira, Adriano; Ricardo, Manuel

    2012-01-01

    Localisation techniques have long been of major importance for safety systems and a lot of research has been conducted in the distributed computing field regarding its functionality and reliability. In the specific scenario of long yet narrow tunnels existing at CERN, localisation methods will enable a number of applications and processes to substantially reduce human intervention. In this article, we evaluate the use of fingerprinting techniques with GSM signal available throughout the LHC tunnel via a radiating cable and compare some methods to estimate the location. In the tests, 16 variants of the K-Nearest Neighbour algorithm, employing different distance weighting methods and fingerprint grouping functions, are taken into consideration and their performance is assessed with a specific rating algorithm. The existing GSM infrastructure and tunnel conditions seem to be favourable to the adoption of these fingerprinting methods. Nevertheless, significant variations in the signal have been observed which mig...

  9. A large-scale measurement of electromagnetic fields near GSM base stations in Guangxi, China for risk communication

    Radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure from wireless telecommunication base station antennae can lead to debates, conflicts or litigations among the adjacent residents if inappropriately managed. This paper presents a measurement campaign for the GSM band EMF exposure in the vicinity of 827 base station sites (totally 6207 measurement points) in Guangxi, China. Measurement specifications are designed for risk communication with the residents who previously complained of over-exposure. The EMF power densities with the global positioning system coordinate at each measured point were recorded. Compliance with the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection guidelines and Chinese environmental EMF safety standards was studied. The results show that the GSM band EMF level near the base stations is very low. The measurement results and the EMF risk communication procedures positively influence public perception of the RF EMF exposure from the base stations and promote the exchange of EMF exposure-related knowledge. (authors)

  10. Remote container monitoring and surveillance systems

    Aquila Technologies Group is developing a monitoring and surveillance system to monitor containers of nuclear materials. The system will both visually and physically monitor the containers. The system is based on the combination of Aquila's Gemini All-Digital Surveillance System and on Aquila's AssetLAN trademark asset tracking technology. This paper discusses the Gemini Digital Surveillance system as well as AssetLAN technology. The Gemini architecture with emphasis on anti-tamper security features is also described. The importance of all-digital surveillance versus other surveillance methods is also discussed. AssetLAN trademark technology is described, emphasizing the ability to continually track containers (as assets) by location utilizing touch memory technology. Touch memory technology provides unique container identification, as well as the ability to store and retrieve digital information on the container. This information may relate to container maintenance, inspection schedules, and other information. Finally, this paper describes the combination of the Gemini system with AssetLAN technology, yielding a self contained, container monitoring and area/container surveillance system. Secure container fixture design considerations are discussed. Basic surveillance review functions are also discussed

  11. LHCb: Monitoring the DIRAC Distribution System

    Nandakumar, R; Santinelli, R

    2009-01-01

    DIRAC is the LHCb gateway to any computing grid infrastructure (currently supporting WLCG) and is intended to reliably run large data mining activities. The DIRAC system consists of various services (which wait to be contacted to perform actions) and agents (which carry out periodic activities) to direct jobs as required. An important part of ensuring the reliability of the infrastructure is the monitoring and logging of these DIRAC distributed systems. The monitoring is done collecting information from two sources - one is from pinging the services or by keeping track of the regular heartbeats of the agents, and the other from the analysis of the error messages generated by both agents and services and collected by the logging system. This allows us to ensure that he components are running properly and to collect useful information regarding their operations. The process status monitoring is displayed using the SLS sensor mechanism which also automatically allows one to plot various quantities and also keep ...

  12. Wireless boundary monitor system and method

    A wireless boundary monitor system used to monitor the integrity of a boundary surrounding an area uses at least two housings having at least one transmitting means for emitting ultrasonic pressure waves to a medium. Each of the housings has a plurality of receiving means for sensing the pressure waves in the medium. The transmitting means and the receiving means of each housing are aimable and communicably linked. At least one of the housings is equipped with a local alarm means for emitting a first alarm indication whereby, when the pressure waves propagating from a transmitting means to a receiving means are sufficiently blocked by an object a local alarm means or a remote alarm means or a combination thereof emit respective alarm indications. The system may be reset either manually or automatically. This wireless boundary monitor system has useful applications in both indoor and outdoor environments. 4 figs

  13. Degradation Modelling for Health Monitoring Systems

    Condition-monitoring plays an increasingly important role for technical processes in order to improve reliability, availability, maintenance and lifetime of equipment. With increasing demands for efficiency and product quality, plus progress in the integration of automatic control systems in high-cost mechatronic and critical safety processes, the field of health monitoring is gaining interest. A similar research field is concerned with an estimation of the remaining useful life. A central question in these fields is the modelling of degradation; degradation is a process of a gradual and irreversible accumulation of damage which will finally result in a failure of the system. This paper is based on a current research project and explores various degradation modelling techniques. These results are explained on the basis of an industrial product – a system for the generation of health status information for pump systems. The result of this fuzzy-logic based system is a single number indicating the current health of a pump system

  14. Monitoring SLAC High Performance UNIX Computing Systems

    Knowledge of the effectiveness and efficiency of computers is important when working with high performance systems. The monitoring of such systems is advantageous in order to foresee possible misfortunes or system failures. Ganglia is a software system designed for high performance computing systems to retrieve specific monitoring information. An alternative storage facility for Ganglia's collected data is needed since its default storage system, the round-robin database (RRD), struggles with data integrity. The creation of a script-driven MySQL database solves this dilemma. This paper describes the process took in the creation and implementation of the MySQL database for use by Ganglia. Comparisons between data storage by both databases are made using gnuplot and Ganglia's real-time graphical user interface

  15. Autonomous remote monitoring system for landslides

    Manetti, Luca; Terribilini, Andrea; Knecht, Alfredo

    2002-07-01

    There is a general tendency in systems for environmental monitoring towards ever more automatic and autonomous operation. Moreover, technologies and instruments are available to reliably interconnect distributed, disparate components. This allows the measurement, logging, data processing and interpretation activities to be carried out by separate units at different locations in near real-time. Building on the results of a previous research and development project at SUPSI, which focused on movement monitoring with GPS, the system has been generalized to accommodate a range of other sensors, thus rendering it even more interesting for geotechnical applications. In particular a laser distance meter and a robotized theodolite have been integrated. First results confirm an expected increase in robustness of the combined measurement network, which is particularly important in unfavorable stand-alone GPS reception conditions. Due to the modular architecture of the system, other sensor types, ranging from simple analog or digital sensors to complex measuring instruments may be supported with minimal effort. Measurements are transmitted via cellular or point-to-point radio links to a control station, which provides for post-processing and system management. The control station may be remotely accessed via an Internet connection. The system takes advantage of a standard and flexible database structure which has been tailored to measurement and monitoring projects using different sensors. The system represents an architecture for remote monitoring tasks requiring a high degree of autonomy, reliability and automation. The solution can be advantageously applied to remote, near real-time measurements of low dynamics movements.

  16. Reengineering GSM/GPRS Towards a Dedicated Network for Massive Smart Metering

    Madueño, Germán Corrales; Stefanovic, Cedomir; Popovski, Petar

    2014-01-01

    GSM is a synonym for a major success in wirelesstechnology, achieving widespread use and high technology maturity. However, its future is questionable, as many stakeholdersindicate that the GSM spectrum should be re-farmed for LTE. Onthe other hand, the advent of smart grid and the ubiquity of smartmeters will require reliable, long-lived wide area connections.This motivates to investigate the potential of GSM to be evolvedinto a dedicated network for smart metering. We introduce simplemechan...

  17. Diesel starting system monitor: Prototype development

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) effort to extend the operational lives of commercial nuclear power plants is examining methods for predicting the performance of specific equipment. This paper focuses on predictive monitoring as a means for reducing equipment surveillance, maintenance, and outages. Realizing these goals will result in nuclear plants that are more reliable, have lower maintenance costs, and have longer lives. This report describes a prognostic monitoring system that has been developed to predict starting performance in emergency diesels. A prototype system has been built and tested on an engine at Sandia National Laboratories. 6 refs., 8 figs

  18. Remote System of Temperature Monitoring and Control

    Vítor Carvalho

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a system capable of monitoring and control remotely the temperature of a physical space. This work was part of a final year graduation of the Industrial Informatics Course at the Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave. It was developed by an undergraduate student using a LabVIEW custom application with a methodology of on-off control. The local user can use a touch screen display to configure the system setpoint temperature and for overall monitoring. For remote access it can be used any device supporting LabVIEW environment.

  19. Infra sound monitoring system of nuclear explosions

    Infra sound is a proven technique for detecting and locating atmospheric nuclear explosion. A properly designed system provides detection within a few hours, location accuracy of 100 km or better, and indication of yield in real-time, and capabilities of the unique event identification and classification events. The configuration of infra sound monitoring system of atmospheric nuclear explosions in Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, network design, small infrasonic signal detection and the accuracy of infrasonic location are given. It will make as good as possible for monitoring nuclear test in comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty

  20. Infrasonic monitoring system for nuclear explosions

    Infrasonic is a proven technique for detecting and locating atmospheric nuclear explosion. A Properly designed system provides detection within a few hours, location accuracy of 100 km or better, and indication of yield in real-time, and gives out judgement and classification with its unique capability of event identification. The configuration of infrasonic monitoring system for atmospheric nuclear explosions in the Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, network design, small infrasonic signal detection and the accuracy of infrasonic location are given. It will make as good as possible for monitoring nuclear test in Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

  1. Design of Wind Turbine Vibration Monitoring System

    Shoubin Wang

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In order to ensure safety of wind turbine operation and to reduce the occurrence of faults as well as to improve the reliability of wind turbine operation, a vibration monitoring for wind turbine is developed. In this paper, it analyses the enlargement of all the parts of the structure and the working mechanism, the research method of wind turbine operation vibration is introduced, with the focus being the use of the sensor principle. Finally the hardware design and software of this system is introduced and the main function of this system is described, which realizes condition monitoring of the work state of wind turbines.

  2. Trend Monitoring System (TMS) graphics software

    Brown, J. S.

    1979-01-01

    A prototype bus communications systems, which is being used to support the Trend Monitoring System (TMS) and to evaluate the bus concept is considered. A set of FORTRAN-callable graphics subroutines for the host MODCOMP comuter, and an approach to splitting graphics work between the host and the system's intelligent graphics terminals are described. The graphics software in the MODCOMP and the operating software package written for the graphics terminals are included.

  3. Choosing a TLD system for personal monitoring

    An account is given of the Defence Radiological Protection Service conducting an investigation into the feasibility of changing from film to TLD for personal monitoring of MOD workers. The operational requirements, an assessment of commercial systems and a data processing system are out-lined. Some details of a pilot study of the complete system and 7 months full operating experience on completion of the pilot study are given. (U.K.)

  4. The Straightness Monitor System at ATF2

    The demonstration of absolute stability of the position of the focused beam is the primary goal of the ATF2 commissioning effort. We have installed a laser interferometer system that will eventually correct the measurement of high-precision Beam Position Monitors used in the ATF2Final Focus Steering Feedback for mechanical motion or vibrations. Here, we describe the installed system and present preliminary data on the short- and long-term mechanical stability of the BPM system.

  5. The Straightness Monitor System at ATF2

    Hildreth, Michael; /Notre Dame U.; Aryshev, Alexander; /Royal Holloway, U. of London; Boogert, Stewart; /Oxford U., JAI; Honda, Yosuke; /KEK, Tsukuba; Tauchi, Toshiaki; /KEK, Tsukuba; Terunuma, Nobuhiro; /KEK, Tsukuba; White, Glen; /SLAC

    2012-07-06

    The demonstration of absolute stability of the position of the focused beam is the primary goal of the ATF2 commissioning effort. We have installed a laser interferometer system that will eventually correct the measurement of high-precision Beam Position Monitors used in the ATF2Final Focus Steering Feedback for mechanical motion or vibrations. Here, we describe the installed system and present preliminary data on the short- and long-term mechanical stability of the BPM system.

  6. National Satellite Forest Monitoring systems for REDD+

    Jonckheere, I. G.

    2012-12-01

    Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) is an effort to create a financial value for the carbon stored in forests, offering incentives for developing countries to reduce emissions from forested lands and invest in low-carbon paths to sustainable development. "REDD+" goes beyond deforestation and forest degradation, and includes the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks. In the framework of getting countries ready for REDD+, the UN-REDD Programme assists developing countries to prepare and implement national REDD+ strategies. For the monitoring, reporting and verification, FAO supports the countries to develop national satellite forest monitoring systems that allow for credible measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of REDD+ activities. These are among the most critical elements for the successful implementation of any REDD+ mechanism. The UN-REDD Programme through a joint effort of FAO and Brazil's National Space Agency, INPE, is supporting countries to develop cost- effective, robust and compatible national monitoring and MRV systems, providing tools, methodologies, training and knowledge sharing that help countries to strengthen their technical and institutional capacity for effective MRV systems. To develop strong nationally-owned forest monitoring systems, technical and institutional capacity building is key. The UN-REDD Programme, through FAO, has taken on intensive training together with INPE, and has provided technical help and assistance for in-country training and implementation for national satellite forest monitoring. The goal of the support to UN-REDD pilot countries in this capacity building effort is the training of technical forest people and IT persons from interested REDD+ countries, and to set- up the national satellite forest monitoring systems. The Brazilian forest monitoring system, TerraAmazon, which is used as a basis for this initiative, allows countries to adapt it to country needs and the training on the TerraAmazon system is a tool to enhance existing capacity on carbon monitoring systems. The support with the National Forest Monitoring System will allow these countries to follow all actions related to the implementation of its national REDD+ policies and measures. The monitoring system will work as a platform to obtain information on their REDD+ results and actions, related directly or indirectly to national REDD+ strategies and may also include actions unrelated to carbon assessment, such as forest law enforcement. With the technical assistance of FAO, INPE and other stakeholders, the countries will set up an autonomous operational forest monitoring system. An initial version and the methodologies of the system for DRC and PNG has been launched in Durban, South Africa during COP 17 and in 2012 Paraguay, Viet Nam and Zambia will be launched in Doha, Qatar at COP 18. The access to high-quality satellite data for these countries is crucial for the set-up.

  7. Background compensation methodologies for contamination monitoring systems

    Radiation surveillance program in the various nuclear facilities incorporate contamination monitoring as an important component. Contamination monitoring programs constitute monitoring for alpha and beta contamination of the physical entities associated with the working personnel that include his hands, feet, clothing, shoes as well as the general surface areas in the working environment like floors. All these measurements are fraught with the contribution of the ambient gamma background radiation fields. These inhibit a proper and precise estimation of the contamination concentration being monitored. This paper investigates the efficacy of two methodologies that have been incorporated in two of the contamination monitoring systems developed in the Division. In the first system discussed, a high degree of gamma compensation has been achieved for an uniform exposure of the order of 50 nSv/hr to 100 mSv/hr. In the second system discussed, the degree of gamma compensation achieved is equal to those dictated by the statistical nature of the uncertainties associated with the subtraction of background from the source data. These two methods can be very effectively employed depending on the application requirement. A minimum detection level equivalent to 0.37 Bq/cdm2 has been achieved in both these cases

  8. Environmental radiation monitoring system with GPS (global positioning system)

    This system combines a radiation monitoring car with GPS and a data processor (personal computer). It distributes the position information acquired through GPS to the data such as measured environmental radiation dose rate and energy spectrum. It also displays and edits the data for each measuring position on a map. Transmitting the data to the power station through mobile phone enables plan managers to easily monitor the environmental radiation dose rate nearby and proper emergency monitoring. (author)

  9. Data Mining for Resource Planning and QoS Supports in GSM Networks

    Simon Fong

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Applications that run on mobile phones shaped a trendy lifestyle for many users nowadays. This led to a significant growth in the proportion of data traffic, relative to voice traffic, to be delivered in the mobile phone network such as GSM. Traditionally the underlying radio resources in GSM networks for data and voice traffic were allocated by some predefined traffic policy which was manually configured. The allocation may not be most accurate for the fact that demands for data traffic fluctuate largely and temporally. A new resource planning scheme is desired that can dynamically adjusts the resource allocations according to the latest information of the traffic statues.  In order to facilitate such dynamic resource allocation, a resource management system is proposed in this paper. Data mining is used to derive rules and extract traffic patterns that reveal critical information for setting values in resource planning. Empirical testing data are used in experiments that demonstrate the efficacy of the data mining techniques.

  10. Short GSM mobile phone exposure does not alter human auditory brainstem response

    Thuróczy György

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There are about 1.6 billion GSM cellular phones in use throughout the world today. Numerous papers have reported various biological effects in humans exposed to electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phones. The aim of the present study was to advance our understanding of potential adverse effects of the GSM mobile phones on the human hearing system. Methods Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR was recorded with three non-polarizing Ag-AgCl scalp electrodes in thirty young and healthy volunteers (age 18–26 years with normal hearing. ABR data were collected before, and immediately after a 10 minute exposure to 900 MHz pulsed electromagnetic field (EMF emitted by a commercial Nokia 6310 mobile phone. Fifteen subjects were exposed to genuine EMF and fifteen to sham EMF in a double blind and counterbalanced order. Possible effects of irradiation was analyzed by comparing the latency of ABR waves I, III and V before and after genuine/sham EMF exposure. Results Paired sample t-test was conducted for statistical analysis. Results revealed no significant differences in the latency of ABR waves I, III and V before and after 10 minutes of genuine/sham EMF exposure. Conclusion The present results suggest that, in our experimental conditions, a single 10 minute exposure of 900 MHz EMF emitted by a commercial mobile phone does not produce measurable immediate effects in the latency of auditory brainstem waves I, III and V.

  11. PATH LOSS PROPAGATION MODEL PREDICTION FOR GSM MOBILE NETWORK PLANNING IN KADUNA TOWN

    Dominic S. Nyitamen

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Accurate characterization of radio communication channel through key parameters and a mathematical model is important for predicting signal coverage, channel efficiency and capacity. Outdoor path loss propagation modeling plays a fundamental role in planning and designing of every radio communication link. The ultimate goal in this work is to develop a model that can help in planning better global system for mobile communication (GSM network and to address complain of poor quality of service by the subscribers, within Kaduna town. Outdoor measurements were conducted to precision at 900MHz, the overall average path loss detected were; 93.70, 88.50, 98.27 and 103.15 dB for MTN, Glo, Airtel, and Etisalat networks, respectively. The differences may be attributed to the nature of the environment or the location or antenna heights of the respective base stations (BSs, or weather fluctuations. However, the variance of these average values lies between 10 to 20dB, which is within the acceptable range. The empirical model developed from Log-normal shadowing model, which has a unique advantage of accounting for shadowing effects that may be caused by varying degree of clutter between transmitter and receiver, may be used in planning and optimization of GSM service within Kaduna town.

  12. Uranium concentration monitor manual: 2300 system

    This manual describes the design, operation, and procedures for measurement control for the automated uranium concentration monitor on the 2300 solvent extraction system at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant. The nonintrusive monitor provides a near-real time readout of uranium concentration at two locations simultaneously in the solvent extraction system for process monitoring and control. Detectors installed at the top of the extraction column and at the bottom of the backwash column acquire spectra of gamma rays from the solvent extraction solutions in the columns. Pulse-height analysis of these spectra gives the concentration of uranium in the organic product of the extraction column and in the aqueous product of the solvent extraction system. The visual readouts of concentrations for process monitoring are updated every 2 min for both detection systems. Simultaneously, the concentration results are shipped to a remote computer that has been installed by Y-12 to demonstrate automatic control of the solvent extraction system based on input of near-real time process operation information. 8 refs., 13 figs., 4 tabs

  13. Radiation monitoring system based on Internet

    This paper presents concept and realization of the modern distributed radiation monitoring system. The system uses existing conventional computer network and it is based on the standard Internet technology. One personal computer (PC) serves as host and system server, while a number of client computers, link to the server computer via standard local area network (LAN), are used as distributed measurement nodes. The interconnection between the server and clients are based on Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). System software is based on server-client model. Based on this concept distributed system for gamma ray monitoring in the region of the Institute of Nuclear Sciences Vinca has been implemented. (author)

  14. Development of a thermoluminescent personnel monitoring system

    Thermoluminescent personnel monitoring system has been developed by the Division of Radiological Protection, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Bombay. The system is presently in use for estimation of personnel doses of radiation workers of BARC, other units of the Department of Atomic Energy, and Defence medical units in India. The report gives salient features of the TLD personnel monitoring system. The report discusses design considerations of thermoluminescent dosimetry (TLD) badge for measurement of X and ?;, ? personnel exposures, a filter combination to compensate for energy dependence of the TLD disc and angular dependence of the badge. The badge reader incorporates a semiautomatic mechanical arrangement wherein the TLD cards are read, raising the heater after positioning the TLD discs one by one. Various figures illustrate the mechanical layouts and electronics circuits used in the system. Periodic quality assurance check of the system which ensures a good reproducibility, is also described. (author)

  15. An interactive beam position monitor system simulator

    A system simulator has been implemented to aid the development of the RHIC position monitor system. Based on the LabVIEW software package by National Instruments, this simulator allows engineers and technicians to interactively explore the parameter space of a system during the design phase. Adjustable parameters are divided into three categories: beam, pickup, and electronics. The simulator uses these parameters in simple formulas to produce results in both time-domain and frequencydomain. During the prototyping phase, these simulated results can be compared to test data acquired with the same software package. The RHIC position monitor system is presented as an example, but the software is applicable to several other systems as well

  16. Monitoring of small scale piping systems

    Current recommendations for small-scale piping systems require less degradation assessment in design and manufacture, and the scope of monitoring is also less than with systems of higher safety relevance. This means that there can occur very different degradation mechanisms in operation - as operational experience shows. The integrity of small-scale piping systems can be guaranteed if, on the one hand, the scope of knowledge on the system concerned is comprehensive and, on the other hand, the quality of the system has been optimized on the basis of this knowledge. This is how the damage mechanisms should be limited. Comprehensive monitoring of the causes and consequences of possible degradation mechanisms is also one of the measures which are absolutely necessary for guaranteeing component integrity. (orig.)

  17. Wireless remote monitoring system for sleep apnea

    Oh, Sechang; Kwon, Hyeokjun; Varadan, Vijay K.

    2011-04-01

    Sleep plays the important role of rejuvenating the body, especially the central nervous system. However, more than thirty million people suffer from sleep disorders and sleep deprivation. That can cause serious health consequences by increasing the risk of hypertension, diabetes, heart attack and so on. Apart from the physical health risk, sleep disorders can lead to social problems when sleep disorders are not diagnosed and treated. Currently, sleep disorders are diagnosed through sleep study in a sleep laboratory overnight. This involves large expenses in addition to the inconvenience of overnight hospitalization and disruption of daily life activities. Although some systems provide home based diagnosis, most of systems record the sleep data in a memory card, the patient has to face the inconvenience of sending the memory card to a doctor for diagnosis. To solve the problem, we propose a wireless sensor system for sleep apnea, which enables remote monitoring while the patient is at home. The system has 5 channels to measure ECG, Nasal airflow, body position, abdominal/chest efforts and oxygen saturation. A wireless transmitter unit transmits signals with Zigbee and a receiver unit which has two RF modules, Zigbee and Wi-Fi, receives signals from the transmitter unit and retransmits signals to the remote monitoring system with Zigbee and Wi-Fi, respectively. By using both Zigbee and Wi-Fi, the wireless sensor system can achieve a low power consumption and wide range coverage. The system's features are presented, as well as continuous monitoring results of vital signals.

  18. The Role of Innovation Regimes and Policy for Creating Radical Innovations: Comparing Some Aspects of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Technology Development with the Development of Internet and GSM

    Godoe, Helge

    2006-01-01

    Telegraphy, the distant ancestor of Internet and GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications), was invented by Samuel Morse in 1838. One year later, William Grove invented the fuel cell. Although numerous highly successful innovations stemming from telegraphy may be observed, the development of fuel cells has been insignificant, slow, and erratic…

  19. Microprocessor-based radiation monitoring systems

    This paper describes digital radiation monitoring systems. The benefits of the microprocessor-based systems are given and compared with those of the conventional analog systems. Four configurations are described including safety channels. The design utilizes the microprocessors to produce a decentralized and communications-oriented system with strong stand-alone characteristics. The operational features are discussed with emphasis on basic human factors. The many computations are detailed, and sensitivity is defined. The digital system can provide considerable savings. The consoles use color and shape for quick awareness and calculated values for accurate assessments. The data are recorded on disk to enable automatic reports

  20. 21 CFR 876.1725 - Gastrointestinal motility monitoring system.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Gastrointestinal motility monitoring system. 876... Gastrointestinal motility monitoring system. (a) Identification. A gastrointestinal motility monitoring system is a... esophageal motility monitor and tube, the gastrointestinal motility (electrical) system, and...

  1. 40 CFR 258.51 - Ground-water monitoring systems.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Ground-water monitoring systems. 258...-water monitoring systems. (a) A ground-water monitoring system must be installed that consists of a... Director of an approved State may approve a multiunit ground-water monitoring system instead of...

  2. REAL TIME WIRELESS AIR POLLUTION MONITORING SYSTEM

    Raja Vara Prasad Y

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Air pollution has significant influence on the concentration of constituents in the atmosphere leading to effects like global warming and acid rains. To avoid such adverse imbalances in the nature, an air pollution monitoring system is utmost important. This paper attempts to develop an effective solution for pollution monitoring using wireless sensor networks (WSN on a real time basis namely real time wireless air pollution monitoring system. Commercially available discrete gas sensors for sensing concentration of gases like CO2, NO2, CO and O2 are calibrated using appropriate calibration technologies. These pre-calibrated gas sensors are then integrated with the wireless sensor motes for field deployment at the campus and the Hyderabad city using multi hop data aggregation algorithm. A light weight middleware and a web interface to view the live pollution data in the form of numbers and charts from the test beds was developed and made available from anywhere on the internet. Other parameters like temperature and humidity were also sensed along with gas concentrations to enable data analysis through data fusion techniques. Experimentation carried out using the developed wireless air pollution monitoring system under different physical conditions show that the system collects reliable source of real time fine-grain pollution data.

  3. A low frequency RFI monitoring system

    Amiri, Shahram; Shankar, N. Udaya; Girish, B. S.; Somashekar, R.

    Radio frequency interference (RFI) is a growing problem for research in radio astronomy particularly at wavelengths longer than 2m. For satisfactory operation of a radio telescope, several bands have been protected for radio astronomy observations by the International Telecommunication Union. Since the radiation from cosmic sources are typically 40 to 100 dB below the emission from services operating in unprotected bands, often the out-of-band emission limits the sensitivity of astronomical observations. Moreover, several radio spectral emissions from cosmic sources are present in the frequency range outside the allocated band for radio astronomy. Thus monitoring of RFI is essential before building a receiver system for low frequency radio astronomy. We describe the design and development of an RFI monitoring system operating in the frequency band 30 to 100 MHz. This was designed keeping in view our proposal to extend the frequency of operation of GMRT down to 40 MHz. The monitor is a PC based spectrometer recording the voltage output of a receiver connected to an antenna, capable of digitizing the low frequency RF directly with an 8 bit ADC and sampling bandwidths up to 16 MHz. The system can operate continuously in almost real-time with a loss of only 2% of data. Here we will present the systems design aspects and the results of RFI monitoring carried out at the Raman Research Institute, Bangalore and at the GMRT site in Khodad.

  4. Harassment Monitoring System Using Android Smartphone

    Shivu Gururaj, Dr. Raj Shekhar M. Patil

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we propose a system for monitoring harassment. It is essentially software installed on phone which informs the security (e.g. police) and dear ones (e.g. parents) with location details and seeking for help message. It posts the same details on server to notify public for help.

  5. Harassment Monitoring System Using Android Smartphone

    Shivu Gururaj, Dr. Raj Shekhar M Pati

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we propose a system for monitoring harassment. It is essentially software installed on phone which informs the security (e.g. police and dear ones (e.g. parents with location details and seeking for help message. It posts the same details on server to notify public for help.

  6. Microsensor Technologies for Plant Growth System Monitoring

    Kim, Chang-Soo

    2004-01-01

    This document covered the following: a) demonstration of feasibility of microsensor for tube and particulate growth systems; b) Dissolved oxygen; c)Wetness; d) Flexible microfluidic substrate with microfluidic channels and microsensor arrays; e)Dynamic root zone control/monitoring in microgravity; f)Rapid prototyping of phytoremediation; and g) A new tool for root physiology and pathology.

  7. Exposure to low level GSM 935 MHz radiofrequency fields does not induce apoptosis in proliferating or differentiated murine neuroblastoma cells

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether radiofrequency (RF) fields characteristic of mobile phones at non-thermal levels can induce apoptosis in murine neuroblastoma (N2a) cells in both proliferating and differentiated states. Cells were exposed continuously for 24 h to one of the three 935-MHz RF signals: global system for mobile communication (GSM) basic, GSM talk and a continuous wave, unmodulated signal; all at a specific energy absorption rate of 2 W kg-1. The measured increase in temperature of the cells due to the RF fields was around 0.06 deg. C. At a number of time points between 0 and 48 h post-exposure, the cells were assessed for apoptosis under a fluorescence microscope using three independent assays: Annexin V, caspase activation and in situ end-labelling. No statistically significant differences in apoptosis levels were observed between the exposed and sham-exposed cells using the three assays at any time point post-exposure. These data suggest that RF exposures, characteristic of GSM mobile phones, do not significantly affect the apoptosis levels in proliferating and differentiated murine neuroblastoma cell line N2a. (authors)

  8. Monitoring System for Uninterruptible Power Supply

    S. A.Z. Murad

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In industrial process today, reliability of equipment is very important. Power supply must be able to cater the need of industrial process. In case of power failure, backup power supply system must be able to support the main process plant. This is to ensure smooth operation and product quality. In order to do this, uninterruptible power supply (UPS system can be used to ensure the reliability, stability and consistency of the entire system. This UPS system must be monitored in order to enable them to react accordingly in response to a fault or power failure. In this project, monitoring system for UPS was designed by using visual basic (VB to provide a safe and constant 12V DC supply in the case of power disruption. The main power supply, 240V AC was converted to 12V DC as output voltage and a battery will be used as part of the backup system. This system will be able to control the source of power which offers power from LIVE line or power from BATTERY line. The main output voltage was 12V DC and the battery level will be monitored using GUI software created using VB.

  9. Network monitoring and analysis expert system

    Lee, Young H.

    1990-10-01

    The Space Flight Operations Center (SFOC) Network Monitoring and Analysis Tool (SNMAT), is a rule-based, prototype expert system designed to assist the operations personnel of the SFOC data system in monitoring the status of the network and in detecting and isolating network and system faults. The main objectives of this tool are: (1) to perform data analysis using advanced user interface techniques; (2) to provide expert advice for resolving network and system faults; and (3) to allow the use of the tool for training operations personnel. As long term benefits, it is anticipated that the tool will promote maximum usage of the network, reduce problem solving time, and assist in operator training. The functionality of the SNMAT program is described, along with some lessons learned through adapting artificial intelligence techniques to an operational environment.

  10. Mobile Monitoring System for Nuclear Contamination Analysis

    In case of a nuclear accident, it is essential to have extensive knowledge concerning the nature of the radioactive plume expansion, for further analysis. For this purpose a mobile monitoring system may provide important data about the plume characteristics. An advanced Mobile Monitoring System is under development at the Nuclear Research Center-Negev. The system is composed of a network of mobile stations, typically installed onboard vehicles, which transmit radiation measurements along with position information to a central station. The mobile network's communications infrastructure is based on Motorola Mobile Logic Unit devices, which are state-of-the-art reliable modems with an integrated Global Positioning System module. The radiation measurements received by the central station are transferred to a risk assessment program, which evaluates the expected hazards to the populated areas located in the estimated plume's expansion direction

  11. Monitoring in educational development projects : the development of a monitoring system

    Plomp, Tjeerd; Huijsman, Hari; Kluyfhout, Eric

    1992-01-01

    Monitoring in education is usually focused on the monitoring of educational systems at different levels. Monitoring of educational projects receives only recently explicit attention. The paper discusses first the concepts of educational monitoring and evaluation. After that, the experience with developing a monitoring system in an educational development project is described as a case. These experiences, in combination with literature on project monitoring in other contexts, provide a rich so...

  12. System specification for the integrated monitoring and surveillance system

    This System Specification establishes the requirements for the Plutonium Focus Area (PFA) Integrated Monitoring and Surveillance System (IMSS). In this document, ''Integrated Monitoring and Surveillance System'' is used to describe the concept of integrated sensors, computers, personnel, and systems that perform the functions of sensing conditions, acquiring data, monitoring environmental safety and health, controlling and accounting for materials, monitoring material stability, monitoring container integrity, transferring data, and analyzing, reporting, and storing data. This concept encompasses systems (e.g. sensors, personnel, databases, etc.) that are already in place at the sites but may require modifications or additions to meet all identified surveillance requirements. The purpose of this System Specification is to provide Department of Energy (DOE) sites that store plutonium materials with a consolidation of all known requirements for the storage and surveillance of 3013 packages of stabilized plutonium metals and oxides. This compilation may be used (1) as a baseline for surveillance system design specifications where 3013 packages of stabilized plutonium metals and oxides will be stored and monitored; (2) as a checklist for evaluating existing surveillance systems to ensure that all requirements are met for the storage and surveillance of 3013 packages of stabilized plutonium metals and oxides; and (3) as a baseline for preparing procurement specifications tailored for site specific storage and surveillance of 3013 packages of stabilized plutonium metals and oxides

  13. Versatile mobile lidar system for environmental monitoring

    Weibring, Petter; Edner, Hans; Svanberg, Sune

    2003-01-01

    A mobile lidar (light detection and ranging) system for environmental monitoring is described. The optical and electronic systems are housed in a truck with a retractable rooftop transmission and receiving mirror, connected to a 40-cm-diameter vertically looking telescope. Two injection-seeded Nd:YAG lasers are employed in connection with an optical parametric oscillator-optical parametric amplification transmitter, allowing deep-UV to mid-IR wavelengths to be generated. Fast switching that e...

  14. Automated TLD system for gamma radiation monitoring

    A gamma radiation monitoring system utilizing a commercially available TLD reader and unique microcomputer control has been built to assess the external radiation exposure to the resident population near a nuclear weapons testing facility. Maximum use of the microcomputer was made to increase the efficiency of data acquisition, transmission, and preparation, and to reduce operational costs. The system was tested for conformance with an applicable national standard for TLD's used in environmental measurements

  15. BABY MONITORING SYSTEM USING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

    Rajesh, G.; R. Arun Lakshman; L. Hari Prasad; R. Chandira Mouli

    2014-01-01

    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is marked by the sudden death of an infant during sleep that is not predicted by the medical history and remains unexplained even after thorough forensic autopsy and detailed death investigation. In this we developed a system that provides solutions for the above problems by making the crib smart using the wireless sensor networks (WSN) and smart phones. The system provides visual monitoring service through live video, alert services by crib fencing and awa...

  16. Patient Temperature Monitoring System Using Bluetooth Communication

    K. Jaganmohan Reddy; B. Santhosh Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Now-a-days it became very complex for taking care of small kids and elder peoples. We have to measure temperature in intervals of peoples who are sick. For that purpose they must stay on bed. This paper demonstrates Portable Wireless Biomedical Temperature Monitoring System. In which we measure the temperature of the body of the patient and transmit temperature using wireless communication. It initiates immediate alarm in case of emergency. The system interfaces other two devises such as cell...

  17. Discordance monitoring system for Kamini nuclear channels

    The KAMINI (Kalpakkam Mini) reactor is an experimental thermal reactor using 233U as fuel. The reactor is provided with instruments to monitor neutron flux and initiate safety actions. Due to high leakage current in MRDC channel and the difficulty in maintenance faced on all these channels due to component obsolescence, it was decided to revamp the KAMINI nuclear instrumentation. During revamping, the online detection of cable discontinuity provided in the older channels was dispensed with due to spurious trips. In order to ensure that the nuclear channels are healthy, a dedicated Discordance Monitoring system was designed, developed and implemented in KAMINI. (author)

  18. Development of in-situ monitoring system

    Development of in-situ monitoring system using an optical fiber to measure the real time temperature variation of subsurface water for the evaluation of flow characteristics. We describe the feasibility of developing a fiber-optic temperature sensor using a thermochromic material. A sensor-tip is fabricated by mixing of a thermochromic material powder. The relationships between the temperatures and the output voltages of detectors are determined to measure the temperature of water. It is expected that the fiber-optic temperature monitoring sensor using thermochromic material can be used to measure the real time temperature variation of subsurface water

  19. Advanced Risk Management and Monitoring System, ARMMS

    Many risk informed regulation and applications (RIR and A) are approved and used for the nuclear power plants(NPPs), and more RIR and A will be actively applied in Korea. Also, since Korean NPPs are recently exported to other country such as UAE, RIR and A would be applied to the exported NPPs. Thus, a tool which will help the user apply RIR and A is required. KAERI is being developing a tool, called ARMMS (Advanced Risk Management and Monitoring System), for this purpose. The design plan of ARMMS was introduced in the Ref, and in this paper, the actual implementation of ARMMS is introduced, and the performance monitoring module is introduced

  20. Advanced Risk Management and Monitoring System, ARMMS

    Kim, Kil Yoo; Han, Sang Hoon; Lim, Ho Gon [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-10-15

    Many risk informed regulation and applications (RIR and A) are approved and used for the nuclear power plants(NPPs), and more RIR and A will be actively applied in Korea. Also, since Korean NPPs are recently exported to other country such as UAE, RIR and A would be applied to the exported NPPs. Thus, a tool which will help the user apply RIR and A is required. KAERI is being developing a tool, called ARMMS (Advanced Risk Management and Monitoring System), for this purpose. The design plan of ARMMS was introduced in the Ref, and in this paper, the actual implementation of ARMMS is introduced, and the performance monitoring module is introduced